WorldWideScience

Sample records for kalimantan indonesia electronic

  1. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    A. C. Spessa; Field, R. D.; F. Pappenberger; Langner, A.; S. Englhart; Weber, U.; T. Stockdale; F. Siegert; Kaiser, J. W.; Moore, J.

    2014-01-01

    Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Ba...

  2. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. C. Spessa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Based on analyses of up-to-date and long series observations on burnt area and rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall, and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss and weak non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire. The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and with burnt area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics, rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  3. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spessa, A. C.; Field, R. D.; Pappenberger, F.; Langner, A.; Englhart, S.; Weber, U.; Stockdale, T.; Siegert, F.; Kaiser, J. W.; Moore, J.

    2015-03-01

    Large-scale fires occur frequently across Indonesia, particularly in the southern region of Kalimantan and eastern Sumatra. They have considerable impacts on carbon emissions, haze production, biodiversity, health, and economic activities. In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean-atmosphere model. Based on analyses of long, up-to-date series observations on burnt area, rainfall, and tree cover, we demonstrate that fire activity is negatively correlated with rainfall and is positively associated with deforestation in Indonesia. There is a contrast between the southern region of Kalimantan (high fire activity, high tree cover loss, and strong non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire) and the central region of Kalimantan (low fire activity, low tree cover loss, and weak, non-linear correlation between observed rainfall and fire). The ECMWF seasonal forecast provides skilled forecasts of burnt and fire-affected area with several months lead time explaining at least 70% of the variance between rainfall and burnt and fire-affected area. Results are strongly influenced by El Niño years which show a consistent positive bias. Overall, our findings point to a high potential for using a more physical-based method for predicting fires with several months lead time in the tropics rather than one based on indexes only. We argue that seasonal precipitation forecasts should be central to Indonesia's evolving fire management policy.

  4. Cryptocoryne aura (Araceae), a new species from West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wongso, Suwidji; Ipor, Isa B.; Tawan, Cheksum S.

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Cryptocoryne aura Wongso & Ipor, from West Kalimantan, Indonesia, is described and illustrated. It differs from other Cryptocoryne species primarily by having a transparent, ciliate membrane along the leaf margin and a short spathe with a yellow, forward-twisted limb. It has...

  5. Seasonal forecasting of fire over Kalimantan, Indonesia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Spessa, A. C; Field, R. D; Pappenberger, F; Langner, A; Englhart, S; Weber, U; Stockdale, T; Siegert, F; Kaiser, J. W; Moore, J

    2015-01-01

    .... In this study, we demonstrate that severe fire and haze events in Indonesia can generally be predicted months in advance using predictions of seasonal rainfall from the ECMWF System 4 coupled ocean-atmosphere model...

  6. Topographic data generated from Radarsat Images Over West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishak Hanafiah Ismullah

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is a tropical country which has dominant cloud coverage, and some of the area has cloud cover almost all year long. Mapping by optical sensors, especially with Photogrammetric method shows a very good result, but the main constraint is cloud cover conditions, and this was the weakness point of this method.This study describe the technique for deriving Topographic data from Radarsat Synthetic Aperture Radar stereo image pair and apply it to an image pair over West Kalimantan, Indonesia. This paper contains also brief discussion of the use of stereo SAR to derive Digital Elevation Model, the site condition and the source of validation data. The result shows that Radarsat data recommended only for 1 : 100.000 or smaller.

  7. MODIS data used to study 2002 fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Douglas O.

    Smoke and haze blanketed western Indonesia during August and September 2002, signaling the arrival of another El Niño event in Southeast Asia. Although not as severe as the 1997-1998 El Niño event, the 2002 El Niño produced drought conditions in western Indonesia that favored extensive biomass burning in lowland areas of Borneo, Sumatra, and Sulawesi, three of the largest islands that form part of the vast Indonesian archipelago. Data derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on board the NASA Terra satellite showed that most of the burning during 2002 occurred in central and western Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), where forests are being cleared to make way for industrial oil palm and pulp plantations.Comparison of fire data from several different satellite sensors also reveals that fires detected in Kalimantan during 1997 appeared more numerous (Figure 1) and burned over a longer period (Figure 2) than fires that burned in late 2002 (see discussion below). This result is consistent with recent El Niño observations that characterize the current event as moderate relative to the 1997-1998 event (see http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ products/analysis_monitoring/enso_advisory/).

  8. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under different policy scenarios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    2016-01-01

    Deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan province are among the highest in Indonesia. This study examines the physical and monetary impacts of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan up to 2025 under three policy scenarios. Our modelling approach combines a spatial logistic reg

  9. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under different policy scenarios

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    2016-01-01

    Deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan province are among the highest in Indonesia. This study examines the physical and monetary impacts of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan up to 2025 under three policy scenarios. Our modelling approach combines a spatial logistic

  10. Potency of Mahakam Delta in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zairin Zain

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE Mahakam Delta is not only utilized for fishery activities but also for several industrial purposes such as coal and oil mining, shipping and timber. The objective of this paper is to provide information in term of the potency of Mahakam Delta located in East Kalimantan province, Indonesia. The study was conducted in Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Participatory rural appraisal is a group of methods to collect information in a participatory fashion from rural communities. The method employed in this research was descriptive analysis describing the environmental potency found in Mahakam Delta. Massive conversion of mangrove forest particularly Nypa (Nypa fruticans area into pond has driven conflict among related stakeholders on the utilization of natural resource and land which subsequently impacts on the fish and shrimp source regeneration, loss of ecological functions of mangrove forest for feeding, nursery and spawning ground of fish and other organisms. Besides of fisheries, oil and gas activity also exists in Mahakam Delta. Mahakam Delta is regarded as important area due to the largest producer of oil and gas mining. Thus, oil and gas industry is the most reliable sector that contributes to the economic development of Kutai Kartanegara district. As a resource provider, Mahakam Delta ecosystem provides various resources for livelihoods. As a life-support service provider, Mahakam Delta ecosystem provides habitat and ideal environment to support variety of living kinds. As a convenience provider, Mahakam Delta ecosystem provides unique and interesting recreation site. As a protector from natural disaster, Mahakam Delta ecosystem is able to protect human kinds from natural disaster threatening coastal area.

  11. Characterizing forest reduction in Ketapang district, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ASEP SUNJAYA ADHIKERANA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Adhikerana AS, Sugardjito J (2010 Characterizing forest reduction in Ketapang district, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 11: 46-54. We have characterized deforestation in the Ketapang district forests when we implemented the Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii Conservation in Trans-boundary Landscape between Central and West Kalimantan provinces. For the purpose of evaluating the changes in land use and land cover in the study areas, a series of Landsat imageries have been analyzed. Each of the Landsat imagery data set for all study areas was initially classified using unsupervised classification into 13 different land-cover types. Ground truth checks were undertaken for Ketapang district forests and Sungai Puteri peat swamp forest, from which the results were used for the supervised land use classification of these two study areas. Between 1992 and 2000 there was only small conversion of primary forest into secondary forests. During this period barren land remained extensive about 30.17% of the total area of Ketapang district. Both agriculture and plantation areas substantially increased 56% and 55% respectively during 2003, while at the same time the extent of both primary and peat swamp forests were considerably reduced up to 15% and 28% respectively. The most striking conversion was from secondary forest to agricultural land and from peat swamp forest to swamp areas. A fraction of lowland forest was also converted into oil-palm plantation which was extended with considerable size into agricultural land. The patterns of land use changes detected in this study indicated a number of possible causes that trigger deforestation in this district include, the local government policy and market demand.

  12. Borderlands and Tourism Development in Kalimantan Island: Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia - Sarawak, Malaysia 'Head to Head'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syaiful Muazir

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As part of the regions that share lands and boundaries, Sarawak-Malaysia and Kalimantan Barat-Indonesia have respective characteristics in the borderlands treatment. This paper aims to explore and compare the border areas between two nations, ranging from the borderlands profiles, (tourism development and planning, and their opportunities. Besides, this paper also wants to highlight tourism development as one of the strategies. This paper uses documentary research to seek 'text and context' by narratively describing and compiling the documents. From the discussion, it can be seen that both regions have different characteristics of conditions and problems. For tourism development, different approaches are also 'colored' with timing, momentum, and priorities; as influenced and supported by the national plans. Tourism in the borderlands is the impetus in which each regions has already been aware of this potential because of the traction of informal flow, accessibility, supply, and demand. Furthermore, we argue that if tourism has exist at the first place, in the future, by its backward linkages, it will encourage more physical and economic development and cooperation between nations.

  13. Oil palm plantation effects on water quality in Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, K. M.; Curran, L. M.

    2011-12-01

    Global demand for palm oil has stimulated a 7-fold increase in oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) plantation area in Indonesia since 1990. Expansion will continue as Indonesia plans to double current production by 2020. Oil palm fertilizers, effluent from oil palm mills, and erosion from land clearing and roads threaten river water quality near plantations. These rivers provide essential ecosystem services including water for drinking, cooking, and washing. Robust empirical measurements of plantation expansion impacts on water resources are necessary to discern the effects of agribusiness on local livelihoods and ecosystems. In Ketapang District, West Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, we evaluated the effects of land cover change on water quality by assessing water chemistry in streams draining four end-member watersheds ( ~600-1900 ha watershed-1): Logged forest, mixed agro-forest dominated by rubber and upland rice fallows, young oil palm forest (0-5 years), and old oil palm forest (10-15 years). To assess land cover change, we used CLASLite software to derive fractional cover from a time series (1989-2008) of Landsat data. Nearest neighbor classification and post-classification change detection yielded classes including primary forest, logged forest, secondary forest regrowth, smallholder agriculture, and oil palm. Stream water quality (temperature, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, optical chlorphyll, and pH) and quantity (discharge) were quantified with the YSI 6600-V2 sonde. The sonde was deployed in each stream for month-long intervals 2-3 times from 2009-2010. Such extended deployment captures episodic events such as intense storms and allows examination of interdiel dynamics by sampling continuously and at high frequency, every 10 minutes. We find that across the Ketapang District study region (~12,000 km2), oil palm has cleared mostly forests (49%) and agroforests (39%). What are the impacts of such land cover changes on water quality? Compared to forests and

  14. Occurrence of measles genotype D8 during a 2014 outbreak in Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartoyo, Edi; Wiyatno, Ageng; Jaya, Ungke Anton; Ma'roef, Chairin Nisa; Monagin, Corina; Myint, Khin Saw; Safari, Dodi

    2017-01-01

    An outbreak of measles symptoms occurring in children in Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia in 2014 was investigated. Nasal swabs were collected from 23 children (median age 41 months) with fever and other symptoms of measles hospitalized in Ulin General Hospital and Islamic Hospital, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan. Viral RNA was extracted for cDNA synthesis, followed by PCR and sequencing using paramyxovirus family consensus and N-gene primers. Sixteen measles-positive patients (70%) were identified. Fifteen virus strains belonged to genotype D8 and the remaining one strain was confirmed as belonging to genotype D9. Measles virus genotype D8 was detected in an outbreak of measles in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, in 2014. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  15. Between land grabbing and farmers' benefits: Land transfers in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Semedi, P.; Bakker, L.G.H.

    2014-01-01

    Rapid growth of oil palm cultivation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia has increased both the pace and size of land transfers from farmers to big companies and city-based investors. This process has been widely conceptualised as 'top-down land grabbing' but this perspective largely neglects the agency o

  16. Between land grabbing and farmers' benefits: land transfers in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Semedi, P.; Bakker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Rapid growth of oil palm cultivation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia has increased both the pace and size of land transfers from farmers to big companies and city-based investors. This process has been widely conceptualised as ‘top-down land grabbing’ but this perspective largely neglects the agency o

  17. ECOLOGY AND INFECTION RATES OF NATURAL VECTORS OF FILARIASIS IN TANAH INTAN, SOUTH KALIMANTAN (BORNEO), INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Soeroto Atmosoedjono; Purnomo Purnomo; Sutanti Ratiwayanto; Harijani A. Marwoto; Bangs, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Data ekologi nyamuk vektor dan tingkat infeksi filaría secara alami dan secara buatan telah diperoleh dari perkebunan karet di Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia. Berbagai macam cara penangkapan dalam kondisi ekologi yang berbeda telah dipakai dalam pengumpulan 51 jenis nyamuk (N = 95.735). Pembedahan nyamuk, infeksi buatan dan identifikasi larva filaría mengikuti prosedur dan kunci yang sudah baku. Infeksi filaría Brugia, Breinlia dan Cardiofílaria secara alami ditemukan pada nyamuk Coquillettidi...

  18. Tropospheric carbon monoxide and hydrogen measurements over Kalimantan in Indonesia and northern Australia during October, 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawa, Yousuke; Matsueda, Hidekazu; Tsutsumi, Yukitomo; Jensen, Jørgen B.; Inoue, Hisayuki Y.; Makino, Yukio

    During the PACE-5 campaign over Australia and Indonesia in October 1997, we used an aircraft to measure carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2). Latitudinal distributions of CO and H2 clearly showed a large increase from northern Australia to Kalimantan in Indonesia. Elevated CO levels over northern Australia were observed only in the smoke plumes of savanna fires. A thick smoke haze from forest fires over Kalimantan contained very high CO mixing ratios of 3 to 9 ppm. These enhanced CO mixing ratios correlated well with increased concentrations of H2, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and aerosols. Emission ratios from biomass burning in Kalimantan ranged 0.06 0.1 for H2/CO (ppb/ppb), 0.0002 to 0.0005 for NOx/CO (ppb/ppb), and 0.43 to 1.0 for number of aerosols/CO (cm-3/ppb). These values were much lower than emission ratios in northern Australia. This difference suggests that the biomass burning in Indonesia was intense and that, due to a strong El Niño event, an unique composition of trace gases was formed in the smoke haze.

  19. Spatial Distribution of Key Sectors of West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Muthia Harahap

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ASEAN Economic Community will be implemented in 2015, while West Kalimantanprovince which is located in 2 Sub-Regional Cooperations of ASEAN , yet to be widely discussed by regional economic experts in terms of itsregional potentials. Multi-sector expressions often generalized in majorcategories, seem to be uncleared to share what key sectorsindicated and where they distribute in the region concerned.. Based on this,the paper proposes a combination approach of multi-sector model and inter-linked in spatial dimensions. Input-output method and Location Quotient models introduced and applied in the case of West Kalimantan province in the efficiency of its development efforts towards a Green Plan.

  20. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUSI KRESNATITA

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Chotimah HENC, Kresnatita S, Miranda Y. 2013. Ethnobotanical study and nutrient content of indigenous vegetables consumed in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 14: 106-111. People in Central Kalimantan consume vegetables that collected from the wild or traditionally cultivated. Documentation effort of them is very important because of the diversity of local vegetable are threatened with extinction due to the conversion of peat land and forest fires. This study aims to determine the diversity of indigenous vegetables in Central Kalimantan, its use as a vegetable and nutrient content some vegetables. The method used was the exploration and interviews. Exploration carried out in three districts namely Palangkaraya, Pulang Pisau, and Seruyan. Sampling of plants was randomly and selectively. Data analysis was performed descriptively. The results showed that we recorded 42 plant species belonging to 30 families. There were many vegetables processing: stir-fry, clear soup, a light coconut milk soup, acidic soup, or just consumed as fresh vegetables. The result of nutritional value analyzed, Helminthostachys zeylanica (L. Hook had a potential to further develop whether as vegetables or medicinal plant. It had the highest protein, carbohydrate and mineral P, Fe, Na and K content among the vegetables analyzed.

  1. Ten years of orangutan-related wildlife crime investigation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Cathryn; Rahman, Edi; Knott, Cheryl

    2016-12-13

    Poaching for the pet trade is considered one of the main threats to orangutan survival, especially to the Bornean species (Pongo pygmaeus). However, there have been few attempts to quantify the number of individuals taken from the wild or to evaluate the drivers of the trade. Most orangutan poaching is thought to be opportunistic in nature, occurring in conjunction with deforestation for large-scale agriculture. Using data from our long-term wildlife crime field investigation program collected from 2004 to 2014, we evaluated the prevalence of orangutan poaching and its spatial distribution in and around Gunung Palung National Park, in the regencies (districts) of Ketapang and Kayong Utara, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Over the project period, investigators uncovered 145 cases of orangutans being illegally held captive for the pet trade. There was a significant correlation between the extent of oil palm and the number of cases reported from each sub-district in the landscape, supporting the widely held hypothesis that orangutan poaching is opportunistic, and we found no evidence of orangutan trading rings (i.e., international traders) targeting Gunung Palung National Park. Over the past decade, there only has been one prosecution of orangutan trading in West Kalimantan, and weak law enforcement by Indonesian authorities remains the most significant challenge in addressing wildlife trade. We offer four recommendations to address this, including that Indonesia dedicate at least $3 million more to addressing orangutan poaching and trade in Kalimantan and that the country's wildlife protection laws be revised and strengthened, with the new laws socialized to a wide audience, including government officials and all aspects of civil society. As oil palm begins to expand into Africa, this study also may help predict how this will affect gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos, encouraging proactive conservation action. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under different policy scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    Deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan province are among the highest in Indonesia. This study examines the physical and monetary impacts of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan up to 2025 under three policy scenarios. Our modelling approach combines a spatial logistic regression model with a set of rules governing land use change as a function of the policy scenario. Our physical and monetary analyses include palm oil expansion and five other ecosystem services: timber, rattan, paddy rice, carbon sequestration, and orangutan habitat (the last service is analysed in physical units only). In monetary terms, our analysis comprises the contribution of land and ecosystems to economic production, as measured according to the valuation approach of the System of National Accounts. We focus our analysis on government-owned land which covers around 97 % of the province, where the main policy issues are. We show that, in the business-as-usual scenario, the societal costs of carbon emissions and the loss of other ecosystem services far exceed the benefits from increased oil palm production. This is, in particular, related to the conversion of peatlands. We also show that, for Central Kalimantan, the moratorium scenario, which is modelled based on the moratorium currently in place in Indonesia, generates important economic benefits compared to the business-as-usual scenario. In the moratorium scenario, however, there is still conversion of forest to plantation and associated loss of ecosystem services. We developed an alternative, sustainable production scenario based on an ecosystem services approach and show that this policy scenario leads to higher net social benefits including some more space for oil palm expansion.

  3. Geochemistry and petrology of selected coal samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, H.E.; Tewalt, S.J.; Hower, J.C.; Stucker, J.D.; O'Keefe, J. M. K.

    2009-01-01

    Indonesia has become the world's largest exporter of thermal coal and is a major supplier to the Asian coal market, particularly as the People's Republic of China is now (2007) and perhaps may remain a net importer of coal. Indonesia has had a long history of coal production, mainly in Sumatra and Kalimantan, but only in the last two decades have government and commercial forces resulted in a remarkable coal boom. A recent assessment of Indonesian coal-bed methane (CBM) potential has motivated active CBM exploration. Most of the coal is Paleogene and Neogene, low to moderate rank and has low ash yield and sulfur (generally coal basins. Eight coal samples are described that represent the major export and/or resource potential of Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua. Detailed geochemistry, including proximate and ultimate analysis, sulfur forms, and major, minor, and trace element determinations are presented. Organic petrology and vitrinite reflectance data reflect various precursor flora assemblages and rank variations, including sample composites from active igneous and tectonic areas. A comparison of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) elements abundance with world and US averages show that the Indonesian coals have low combustion pollution potential.

  4. Multi-Functional Lands Facing Oil Palm Monocultures: A Case Study of a Land Conflict in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, de R.E.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an ethnographic case study of a palm oil land conflict in a Malay community in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The conflict occurred in the preparatory phase of a large-scale plantation, before any oil palms were planted. After protest from local communities, the project was canceled

  5. Polynemus kapuasensis, a new threadfin (Perciformes: Polynemidae) from western Kalimantan, Indonesia, and a redescription of P. multifilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Motomura, H.; Oijen, van M.J.P.

    2003-01-01

    Polynemus multifilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843, is redescribed and its synonymy, authorship, type material status and distribution are discussed. In addition, a new species, P. kapuasensis, previously identified as P. multifilis, is described from the Kapuas River, western Kalimantan, Indonesia on t

  6. Reconciling oil palm expansion and climate change mitigation in Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Kemen G; Kasibhatla, Prasad S; Urban, Dean L; Stolle, Fred; Vincent, Jeffrey

    2015-01-01

    Our society faces the pressing challenge of increasing agricultural production while minimizing negative consequences on ecosystems and the global climate. Indonesia, which has pledged to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from deforestation while doubling production of several major agricultural commodities, exemplifies this challenge. Here we focus on palm oil, the world's most abundant vegetable oil and a commodity that has contributed significantly to Indonesia's economy. Most oil palm expansion in the country has occurred at the expense of forests, resulting in significant GHG emissions. We examine the extent to which land management policies can resolve the apparently conflicting goals of oil palm expansion and GHG mitigation in Kalimantan, a major oil palm growing region of Indonesia. Using a logistic regression model to predict the locations of new oil palm between 2010 and 2020 we evaluate the impacts of six alternative policy scenarios on future emissions. We estimate net emissions of 128.4-211.4 MtCO2 yr(-1) under business as usual expansion of oil palm plantations. The impact of diverting new plantations to low carbon stock land depends on the design of the policy. We estimate that emissions can be reduced by 9-10% by extending the current moratorium on new concessions in primary forests and peat lands, 35% by limiting expansion on all peat and forestlands, 46% by limiting expansion to areas with moderate carbon stocks, and 55-60% by limiting expansion to areas with low carbon stocks. Our results suggest that these policies would reduce oil palm profits only moderately but would vary greatly in terms of cost-effectiveness of emissions reductions. We conclude that a carefully designed and implemented oil palm expansion plan can contribute significantly towards Indonesia's national emissions mitigation goal, while allowing oil palm area to double.

  7. Reconciling oil palm expansion and climate change mitigation in Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kemen G Austin

    Full Text Available Our society faces the pressing challenge of increasing agricultural production while minimizing negative consequences on ecosystems and the global climate. Indonesia, which has pledged to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG emissions from deforestation while doubling production of several major agricultural commodities, exemplifies this challenge. Here we focus on palm oil, the world's most abundant vegetable oil and a commodity that has contributed significantly to Indonesia's economy. Most oil palm expansion in the country has occurred at the expense of forests, resulting in significant GHG emissions. We examine the extent to which land management policies can resolve the apparently conflicting goals of oil palm expansion and GHG mitigation in Kalimantan, a major oil palm growing region of Indonesia. Using a logistic regression model to predict the locations of new oil palm between 2010 and 2020 we evaluate the impacts of six alternative policy scenarios on future emissions. We estimate net emissions of 128.4-211.4 MtCO2 yr(-1 under business as usual expansion of oil palm plantations. The impact of diverting new plantations to low carbon stock land depends on the design of the policy. We estimate that emissions can be reduced by 9-10% by extending the current moratorium on new concessions in primary forests and peat lands, 35% by limiting expansion on all peat and forestlands, 46% by limiting expansion to areas with moderate carbon stocks, and 55-60% by limiting expansion to areas with low carbon stocks. Our results suggest that these policies would reduce oil palm profits only moderately but would vary greatly in terms of cost-effectiveness of emissions reductions. We conclude that a carefully designed and implemented oil palm expansion plan can contribute significantly towards Indonesia's national emissions mitigation goal, while allowing oil palm area to double.

  8. Determined Slum Upgrading: A Challenge to Participatory Planning in Nanga Bulik, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Purwanto

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia has committed to accomplish “cities without slum” target in 2019 through the national program of Action Planning for Preventing and Improving the Quality of Urban Slum Settlements (RP2KPKP launched in 2015. Nanga Bulik town in Kabupaten (Regency Lamandau of Central Kalimantan Province is among those included in the program; the RP2KPKP of which has been completed in 2016. This paper focuses on how participatory approach has been applied in the planning process. The planning has employed mostly qualitative approach with documents study, field observation, and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs involving all stakeholders, complemented with quantitative one especially in the aspects of urban and architectural design. The findings have suggested that the community participation in Nanga Bulik case has gone beyond the requirement commanded by the Indonesian laws on development planning and spatial management to ensure the target achievement in 2019. It is crucial because a higher level of the plan implementability would ensure more sustainability of the slum improvement. Essential lessons can be learned from this real participatory planning, which could be the beginning of the third generation of planning in Indonesia.

  9. Deforestation projections for carbon-rich peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Douglas O; Hardiono, Martin; Meijaard, Erik

    2011-09-01

    We evaluated three spatially explicit land use and cover change (LUCC) models to project deforestation from 2005-2020 in the carbon-rich peat swamp forests (PSF) of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Such models are increasingly used to evaluate the impact of deforestation on carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. We considered both business-as-usual (BAU) and a forest protection scenario to evaluate each model's accuracy, sensitivity, and total projected deforestation and landscape-level fragmentation patterns. The three models, Dinamica EGO (DE), GEOMOD and the Land Change Modeler (LCM), projected similar total deforestation amounts by 2020 with a mean of 1.01 million ha (Mha) and standard deviation of 0.17 Mha. The inclusion of a 0.54 Mha strict protected area in the LCM simulations reduced projected loss to 0.77 Mha over 15 years. Calibrated parameterizations of the models using nearly identical input drivers produced very different landscape properties, as measured by the number of forest patches, mean patch area, contagion, and Euclidean nearest neighbor determined using Fragstats software. The average BAU outputs of the models suggests that Central Kalimantan may lose slightly less than half (45.1%) of its 2005 PSF by 2020 if measures are not taken to reduce deforestation there. The relatively small reduction of 0.24 Mha in deforestation found in the 0.54 Mha protection scenario suggests that these models can identify potential leakage effects in which deforestation is forced to occur elsewhere in response to a policy intervention.

  10. Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium vivax in transmigration settlements of West Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fryauff, D J; Tuti, S; Mardi, A; Masbar, S; Patipelohi, R; Leksana, B; Kain, K C; Bangs, M J; Richie, T L; Baird, J K

    1998-10-01

    Malariometric surveys were conducted during July 1996 in native Dayak villages and predominantly Javanese transmigration settlements in Ketapang district of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Malaria prevalence ranged from 0.9% to 2.7% in Dayak villages and from 1% to 20% in the transmigration settlements. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 67% of the cases among Dayaks but P. vivax was dominant among transmigrants, accounting for more than 72% of the infections. Chloroquine sensitivity/resistance was assessed by 28-day in vivo testing of uncomplicated malaria infections and measurement of chloroquine blood levels in cases where parasitemias reappeared within the 28-day test period. Resistance was based on the appearance of asexual parasites against chloroquine plus desethylchloroquine levels exceeding the minimally effective whole blood concentrations proposed for sensitive parasite strains (P. vivax, 100 ng/ml; P. falciparum, 200 ng/ml). All parasitemias cleared initially within four days of beginning supervised chloroquine therapy (25 mg base/kg over a 48-hr period), but asexual parasites reappeared within 28 days in 27 of 52 P. vivax and three of 12 P. falciparum cases. Chloroquine blood levels at the time of recurrent parasitemias revealed resistance in 12 of the 27 P. vivax cases and in one of the three P. falciparum cases. Genotypes of nine of the 12 recurrent P. vivax isolates matched with their primary isolates and ruled out reinfection. These findings establish the presence of chloroquine-resistant P. vivax on the island of Borneo. The pattern of malaria and the high frequency of chloroquine resistance by P. vivax at the West Kalimantan location may relate to demographic, ecologic, agricultural, and socioeconomic changes associated with transmigration.

  11. Geochemistry of Selected Coal Samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, Harvey E.; Tewalt, Susan J.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands that stretches astride the equator for about 5,200 km in southeast Asia (figure 1) and includes major Cenozoic volcano-plutonic arcs, active volcanoes, and various related onshore and offshore basins. These magmatic arcs have extensive Cu and Au mineralization that has generated much exploration and mining in the last 50 years. Although Au and Ag have been mined in Indonesia for over 1000 years (van Leeuwen, 1994), it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that the Dutch explored and developed major Sn and minor Au, Ag, Ni, bauxite, and coal resources. The metallogeny of Indonesia includes Au-rich porphyry Cu, porphyry Mo, skarn Cu-Au, sedimentary-rock hosted Au, epithermal Au, laterite Ni, and diamond deposits. For example, the Grasberg deposit in Papua has the world's largest gold reserves and the third-largest copper reserves (Sillitoe, 1994). Coal mining in Indonesia also has had a long history beginning with the initial production in 1849 in the Mahakam coal field near Pengaron, East Kalimantan; in 1891 in the Ombilin area, Sumatra, (van Leeuwen, 1994); and in South Sumatra in 1919 at the Bukit Asam mine (Soehandojo, 1989). Total production from deposits in Sumatra and Kalimantan, from the 19thth century to World War II, amounted to 40 million metric tons (Mt). After World War II, production declined due to various factors including politics and a boom in the world-wide oil economy. Active exploration and increased mining began again in the 1980's mainly through a change in Indonesian government policy of collaboration with foreign companies and the global oil crises (Prijono, 1989). This recent coal revival (van Leeuwen, 1994) has lead Indonesia to become the largest exporter of thermal (steam) coal and the second largest combined thermal and metallurgical (coking) coal exporter in the world market (Fairhead and others, 2006). The exported coal is desirable as it is low sulfur

  12. Geochemistry of Selected Coal Samples from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkin, Harvey E.; Tewalt, Susan J.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction Indonesia is an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands that stretches astride the equator for about 5,200 km in southeast Asia (figure 1) and includes major Cenozoic volcano-plutonic arcs, active volcanoes, and various related onshore and offshore basins. These magmatic arcs have extensive Cu and Au mineralization that has generated much exploration and mining in the last 50 years. Although Au and Ag have been mined in Indonesia for over 1000 years (van Leeuwen, 1994), it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that the Dutch explored and developed major Sn and minor Au, Ag, Ni, bauxite, and coal resources. The metallogeny of Indonesia includes Au-rich porphyry Cu, porphyry Mo, skarn Cu-Au, sedimentary-rock hosted Au, epithermal Au, laterite Ni, and diamond deposits. For example, the Grasberg deposit in Papua has the world's largest gold reserves and the third-largest copper reserves (Sillitoe, 1994). Coal mining in Indonesia also has had a long history beginning with the initial production in 1849 in the Mahakam coal field near Pengaron, East Kalimantan; in 1891 in the Ombilin area, Sumatra, (van Leeuwen, 1994); and in South Sumatra in 1919 at the Bukit Asam mine (Soehandojo, 1989). Total production from deposits in Sumatra and Kalimantan, from the 19thth century to World War II, amounted to 40 million metric tons (Mt). After World War II, production declined due to various factors including politics and a boom in the world-wide oil economy. Active exploration and increased mining began again in the 1980's mainly through a change in Indonesian government policy of collaboration with foreign companies and the global oil crises (Prijono, 1989). This recent coal revival (van Leeuwen, 1994) has lead Indonesia to become the largest exporter of thermal (steam) coal and the second largest combined thermal and metallurgical (coking) coal exporter in the world market (Fairhead and others, 2006). The exported coal is desirable as it is low sulfur

  13. Analysis of factors determining enterprise value of company merger and acquisition: A case study of coal in Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candra, Ade; Pasasa, Linus A.; Simatupang, Parhimpunan

    2015-09-01

    The main purpose of this paper is looking at the relationship between the factors of technical, financial and legal with enterprise value in mergers and acquisitions of coal companies in Kalimantan, Indonesia over the last 10 years. Data obtained from secondary data sources in the company works and from published data on the internet. The data thus obtained are as many as 46 secondary data with parameters resources, reserves, stripping ratio, calorific value, distance from pit to port, and distance from ports to vessels, production per annum, the cost from pit to port, from port to vessel costs, royalties, coal price and permit status. The data was analysis using structural equation modeling (SEM) to determine the factors that most significant influence enterprise value of coal company in Kalimantan. The result shows that a technical matter is the factor that most affects the value of enterprise in coal merger and acquisition company. Financial aspect is the second factor that affects the enterprise value.

  14. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  15. Plant species from coal mine overburden dumping site in Satui, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivi Novianti

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Coal mine overburden (OB materials were nutrient-poor, loosely adhered particles of shale, stones, boulders, and cobbles, also contained elevated concentration of trace metals. This condition cause OB substrate did not support plants growth. However, there were certain species that able to grow on overburden dumping site. This investigation sought to identify plants species that presence on coal mine overburden. The research was conducted on opencast coal mine OB dumping site in Satui, South Kalimantan. Vegetation sampling was carried out on six different ages of coal mine OB dumps (7, 10, 11, 42, 59 and 64 month using line transect. Species identification used information from local people, AMDAL report of PT Arutmin Indonesia-Satui mine project, and website. There were 123 plant species, consisted of 79 herbs (Cyperaceae, Poaceae and Asteraceae, 10 lianes, bryophyte, 9 ferns, 10 shrubs, and 14 trees. A number of Poaceae, i.e., Paspalumconjugatum, Paspalumdilatatum, and Echinochloacolona generally present among the stones, boulders, and cobbles. While Cyperaceae such as Fimbristylis miliaceae, Cyperus javanicus, Rhyncospora corymbosa and Scleria sumatrensis most often foundinand around thebasin/pond with its smooth and humid substrate characteristics. Certain species of shrubs and trees present on the 7 month OB dumping site. They wereChromolaena odorata, Clibadium surinamense, Melastoma malabathricum, Trema micrantha, and Solanum torvum (Shrubs, Ochroma pyramidale and Homalanthus populifolius (trees. This plant species could be used for accelerating primary succession purpose on coal mine overburden dumping site. Nevertheless, species selection was needed to avoid planting invasive species.

  16. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2016-02-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support environmental management. This study assesses and analyzes how the monetary benefits of seven ecosystem services are generated in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia, are distributed to different types of beneficiaries. We analyze the following ecosystem services: (1) timber production; (2) rattan collection; (3) jelutong resin collection; (4) rubber production (based on permanent agroforestry systems); (5) oil palm production on three management scales (company, plasma farmer, and independent smallholder); (6) paddy production; and (7) carbon sequestration. Our study shows that the benefits generated from these services differ markedly between the stakeholders, which we grouped into private, public, and household entities. The distribution of these benefits is strongly influenced by government policies and in particular benefit sharing mechanisms. Hence, land-use change and policies influencing land-use change can be expected to have different impacts on different stakeholders. Our study also shows that the benefits generated by oil palm conversion, a main driver for land-use change in the province, are almost exclusively accrued by companies and at this point in time are shared unequally with local stakeholders.

  17. Post-dispersal seed removal by ground-feeding rodents in tropical peatlands, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackham, Grace V; Corlett, Richard T

    2015-09-15

    Forested tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia are being rapidly converted to agriculture or degraded into non-forest vegetation. Although large areas have been abandoned, there is little evidence for subsequent forest recovery. As part of a study of forest degradation and recovery, we used seed removal experiments and rodent surveys to investigate the potential role of post-dispersal seed predation in limiting the regeneration of woody plants. Two 14-day seed removal trials were done in deforested and forested peatland habitat in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Seeds of Nephelium lappaceum, Syzygium muelleri, Artocarpus heterophyllus (all animal-dispersed) and Combretocarpus rotundatus (wind-dispersed) were tested. Significantly more seeds (82.8%) were removed in forest than non-forest (38.1%) and Combretocarpus had the lowest removal in both habitats. Most handled seeds were eaten in situ and little caching was observed. Six species of rodents were captured in forest and five in non-forest. The most trapped taxa were three Maxomys spp. in forest (85.5% of individuals) and Rattus tiomanicus in non-forest (74.8%). Camera traps confirmed that rodents were responsible for seed removal. Seed predation in deforested areas, which have a much lower seed rain than forest, may contribute to the low density and diversity of regenerating forest.

  18. Forest fires detection in Indonesia using satellite Himawari-8 (case study: Sumatera and Kalimantan on august-october 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatkhuroyan; Wati, Trinah; Panjaitan, Andersen

    2017-01-01

    Forest fires in Indonesia are serious problem affecting widely in material losses, health and environment. Himawari-8 as one of meteorological satellites with high resolution 0,5 km x 0,5 km can be used for forest fire monitoring and detection. Combination between 3, 4 and 6 channels using Sataid (Satellite Animation and Interactive Diagnosis) software will visualize forest fire in the study site. Monitoring which used Himawari-8 data on August, September and October 2015 can detect the distribution of smoke and the extents of forest fire in Sumatera and Kalimantan. The result showed the extent of forest fire can be identified for anticipation in the next step.

  19. Metamorphic Evolution of Garnet-bearing Epidote-Barroisite Schist from the Meratus Complex in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugroho Imam Setiawan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available DOI:10.17014/ijog.2.3.139-156This paper presents metamorphic evolution of metamorphic rocks from the Meratus Complex in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Eight varieties of metamorphic rocks samples from this location, which are garnet-bearing epidote-barroisite schist, epidote-barroisite schist, glaucophane-quartz schist, garnet-muscovite schist, actinolite-talc schist, epidote schist, muscovite schist, and serpentinite, were investigated in detail its petrological and mineralogical characteristics by using polarization microscope and electron probe micro analyzer (EPMA. Furthermore, the pressure-temperature path of garnet-bearing epidote-barroisite schist was estimated by using mineral parageneses, reaction textures, and mineral chemistries to assess the metamorphic history. The primary stage of this rock might be represented by the assemblage of glaucophane + epidote + titanite ± paragonite. The assemblage yields 1.7 - 1.0 GPa in assumed temperature of 300 - 550 °C, which is interpreted as maximum pressure limit of prograde stage. The peak P-T condition estimated on the basis of the equilibrium of garnet rim, barroisite, phengite, epidote, and quartz, yields 547 - 690 °C and 1.1 - 1.5 GPa on the albite epidote amphibolite-facies that correspond to the depth of 38 - 50 km. The retrograde stage was presented by changing mineral compositions of amphiboles from the Si-rich barroisite to the actinolite, which lies near 0.5 GPa at 350 °C. It could be concluded that metamorphic rocks from the Meratus Complex experienced low-temperature and high-pressure conditions (blueschist-facies prior to the peak metamorphism of the epidote amphibolite-facies. The subduction environments in Meratus Complex during Cretaceous should be responsible for this metamorphic condition.

  20. Metamorphic Evolution of Garnet-bearing Epidote-Barroisite Schist from the Meratus Complex in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugroho Imam Setiawan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents metamorphic evolution of metamorphic rocks from the Meratus Complex in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Eight varieties of metamorphic rocks samples from this location, which are garnet-bearing epidote-barroisite schist, epidote-barroisite schist, glaucophane-quartz schist, garnet-muscovite schist, actinolite-talc schist, epidote schist, muscovite schist, and serpentinite, were investigated in detail its petrological and mineralogical characteristics by using polarization microscope and electron probe micro analyzer (EPMA. Furthermore, the pressure-temperature path of garnet-bearing epidote-barroisite schist was estimated by using mineral parageneses, reaction textures, and mineral chemistries to assess the metamorphic history. The primary stage of this rock might be represented by the assemblage of glaucophane + epidote + titanite ± paragonite. The assemblage yields 1.7 - 1.0 GPa in assumed temperature of 300 - 550 °C, which is interpreted as maximum pressure limit of prograde stage. The peak P-T condition estimated on the basis of the equilibrium of garnet rim, barroisite, phengite, epidote, and quartz, yields 547 - 690 °C and 1.1 - 1.5 GPa on the albite epidote amphibolite-facies that correspond to the depth of 38 - 50 km. The retrograde stage was presented by changing mineral compositions of amphiboles from the Si-rich barroisite to the actinolite, which lies near 0.5 GPa at 350 °C. It could be concluded that metamorphic rocks from the Meratus Complex experienced low-temperature and high-pressure conditions (blueschist-facies prior to the peak metamorphism of the epidote amphibolite-facies. The subduction environments in Meratus Complex during Cretaceous should be responsible for this metamorphic condition.

  1. Time-series analysis of multi-resolution optical imagery for quantifying forest cover loss in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broich, Mark; Hansen, Matthew C.; Potapov, Peter; Adusei, Bernard; Lindquist, Erik; Stehman, Stephen V.

    2011-04-01

    Monitoring loss of humid tropical forests via remotely sensed imagery is critical for a number of environmental monitoring objectives, including carbon accounting, biodiversity, and climate modeling science applications. Landsat imagery, provided free of charge by the U.S. Geological Survey Center for Earth Resources Observation and Science (USGS/EROS), enables consistent and timely forest cover loss updates from regional to biome scales. The Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan are a center of significant forest cover change within the humid tropics with implications for carbon dynamics, biodiversity maintenance and local livelihoods. Sumatra and Kalimantan feature poor observational coverage compared to other centers of humid tropical forest change, such as Mato Grosso, Brazil, due to the lack of ongoing acquisitions from nearby ground stations and the persistence of cloud cover obscuring the land surface. At the same time, forest change in Indonesia is transient and does not always result in deforestation, as cleared forests are rapidly replaced by timber plantations and oil palm estates. Epochal composites, where single best observations are selected over a given time interval and used to quantify change, are one option for monitoring forest change in cloudy regions. However, the frequency of forest cover change in Indonesia confounds the ability of image composite pairs to quantify all change. Transient change occurring between composite periods is often missed and the length of time required for creating a cloud-free composite often obscures change occurring within the composite period itself. In this paper, we analyzed all Landsat 7 imagery with change in Indonesia than change maps based on image composites. Unlike other time-series analyses employing observations with a consistent periodicity, our study area was characterized by highly unequal observation counts and frequencies due to persistent cloud cover, scan line corrector off (SLC-off) gaps

  2. Frugivory in sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) is linked to El Niño-related fluctuations in fruiting phenology, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fredriksson, G.M.; Wich, S.A.

    2006-01-01

    Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) frugivory and fruiting phenology was investigated in a lowland dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Two mast fruiting events, both coinciding with El Niño/Southern Oscillation events, occurred 4 years apart, resulting in large fluctuations in fruit

  3. Spatial heterogeneity of sources of branched tetraethers in shelf systems: The geochemistry of tetraethers in the Berau River delta (Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.

    2016-01-01

    The bulk organic matter composition (total organic carbon (TOC) content and d13CTOC) and composition of isoprenoid and branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGT) in surface sediments from 43 stations in the Berau River delta (east Kalimantan, Indonesia), including two coast-shelf

  4. Frugivory in sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) is linked to El Niño-related fluctuations in fruiting phenology, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fredriksson, G.M.; Wich, S.A.

    2006-01-01

    Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) frugivory and fruiting phenology was investigated in a lowland dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Two mast fruiting events, both coinciding with El Niño/Southern Oscillation events, occurred 4 years apart, resulting in large fluctuations in fruit availab

  5. SIR-A views our environment An Experiment in the Batu Angkal Area, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutanto .

    2013-07-01

    Factors affecting the ease of identification are. mainly tonal contrast, shape, size, surface roughness, direction in relation to the illumination, and dielectric constant. Due to the future availability of SIR-B image of Kalimantan, further study is recommended.

  6. Understanding the murky history of the Coral Triangle: Miocene corals and reef habitats in East Kalimantan (Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santodomingo, Nadiezhda; Renema, Willem; Johnson, Kenneth G.

    2016-09-01

    Studies on ancient coral communities living in marginal conditions, including low light, high turbidity, extreme temperatures, or high nutrients, are important to understand the current structure of reefs and how they could potentially respond to global changes. The main goal of this study was to document the rich and well-preserved fossil coral fauna preserved in Miocene exposures of the Kutai Basin in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Our collections include almost forty thousand specimens collected from 47 outcrops. Seventy-nine genera and 234 species have been identified. Three different coral assemblages were found corresponding to small patch reefs that developed under the influence of high siliciclastic inputs from the Mahakam Delta. Coral assemblages vary in richness, structure, and composition. Platy coral assemblages were common until the Serravallian (Middle Miocene), while branching coral assemblages became dominant in the Tortonian (Late Miocene). By the late Tortonian massive coral assemblages dominated, similar to modern-style coral framework. Our results suggest that challenging habitats, such as the Miocene turbid habitats of East Kalimantan, might have played an important role during the early diversification of the Coral Triangle by hosting a pool of resilient species more likely to survive the environmental changes that have affected this region since the Cenozoic. Further research that integrates fossil and recent turbid habitats may provide a glimpse into the dynamics and future of coral reefs as "typical" clear-water reefs continue to decline in most regions.

  7. INITIAL SCREENING OF FAST-GROWING TREE SPECIES BEING TOLERANT OF DRY TROPICAL PEATLANDS IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideyuki Saito

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available An investigation of the recruit, survivorship and growth of naturally regenerating tree species on canal bank was conducted to  select tree species which are suitable for preceding planting in drained and burnt peat swamp lands in  Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.  Top of  the canal bank were open, with greater soil moisture  deficit and higher soil temperatures than on the next intact forest floor. The abundant  trees were asam-asam (Ploiarium alternifolium,garunggang (Cratoxylon arborescens and tumih (Combretocarpus rotundatus. New regeneration of these trees on the canal bank was confirmed during this investigation and mortality was very low. These results indicated that P. alternifolium,C. arborescens and C. rotundatuswere tolerant of intensive radiation, soil drought and high soil temperatures during germination. The annual height increments  were 189-232  cm y-1 (P. alternifolium,118-289  cm y-1  (C. arborescensand 27-255 cm y-1   (C. rotundatus; thus, these three species could be classified as fast-growing with tolerance to open and dry conditions.  Such characteristics were important to avoid competition with herbs, ferns,and/ or climbers. The results·suggest that P.alternifolium,C. arborescens and C. rotundatusare suitable for preceding planting for the rehabilitation of the disturbed peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan.

  8. A Holocene pollen record of vegetation and coastal environmental changes in the coastal swamp forest at Batulicin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yulianto, Eko; Rahardjo, A. T.; Noeradi, Dardji; Siregar, D. A.; Hirakawa, K.

    2005-04-01

    Pollen analysis of a coastal peat swamp core representing 9100 BP from Batulicin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, shows that mangrove forest, with Rhizophora as its main element has been established since the early Holocene. Vegetation development in general, and particularly mangrove forest, was influenced by Holocene environmental changes. The highest value of Rhizophora at ca. 8200 BP indicates an early Holocene sea level drop and implies sea level at ca. -9 m. Subsequently mangrove forest was severely disrupted by rapid sea level rise at ca. 6400 BP prior to the Holocene Maximum. However, it quickly recovered following a lower rate of sea level rise or subsequent sea level drop at ca. 6000 BP and flourished until ca. 1000 BP. From ca. 6000 BP, the environmental setting around the site seems to have gradually become more terrestrial and changed from mangrove forest to peat swamp forest due to higher precipitation and intensive progradation. Human influence is recognized from ca. 1600 BP.

  9. Miocene Bryozoa from East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Part II: ‘Ascophoran’ Cheilostomata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martino, Di E.; Taylor, P.D.

    2015-01-01

    We describe 72 ascophoran-grade cheilostomes, ranging in age from Early to Late Miocene (late Burdigalian to Messinian), collected from 17 sections in the vicinities of Samarinda, Bontang and Sangkulirang in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. Two genera (Oviexechonella gen. nov. and Sendinopora

  10. Frugivory in sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) is linked to El Niño-related fluctuations in fruiting phenology, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Fredriksson, G.M.; Wich, S.A.

    2006-01-01

    Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) frugivory and fruiting phenology was investigated in a lowland dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Two mast fruiting events, both coinciding with El Niño/Southern Oscillation events, occurred 4 years apart, resulting in large fluctuations in fruit availability. Sun bear fruit availability decreased from 13 trees ha-1 fruiting month-1 during the mast fruiting to 1.6 trees ha-1 fruiting month-1 during the intermast period. Almost 100% of sun bear die...

  11. COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND ITS IMPACT ON SECTORAL AND REGIONAL AREA: EVIDENCE OF EAST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rian Hilmawan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Mining sector plays important roles for Indonesian economic performance, especially in East Kalimantan. This study investigates: (a whether economic linkages of the mining sector related with other economic sectors in East Kalimantan, (b who gets benefit from such mining activities; (c how is the impact of mining sector for rural and urban households; and (d what happens if coal mining, oil and gas productions are completely depleted. The quantitative analysis framework using Input-Output and Social Accounting Matrix Tables in period 2009-2010 has been implemented as main data set. The result shows that mining sector was underdeveloped sector in East Kalimantan, including Kutai Kartanegara district. Activities from mining sector tended to give benefit for the owners of capital, which is larger than that benefit for workers employed. Structural Path Analysis (SPA shows that urban households gain the greatest advantages from the activities of this sector. The result also shows that the total output decreased by 65.12% when the mining, oil and gas dissapeared. A drastic reducing income after mining and oil and gas era will have an impact on the decline in the purchasing power in the region. However, the interesting finding of this research shows that the loss of mining and oil or gas sectors actually increases the strength of employment multiplier by 19%.

  12. Discussing the Social Entrepreneurial Movement as a Means of Provoking Normative Change in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: An Interview With Kinari Webb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bethany D. Kois

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Kinari Webb is a Yale-trained physician and currently runs the healthcare and environmental nonprofit organization Alam Sehat Lestari (ASRI that is based in Sukadana, Indonesia. She has lived andworked near Gunung Palung National Park in Indonesian Borneo for 20 years. In this interview, conducted through email correspondence in March, 2013, Kinari talks about the social entrepreneurial movement, provides background on social and legal norms as they relate to illegal logging in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, and discusses the structure and methods used by ASRI to provoke positive societal change.

  13. Relationship between soil texture and soil organic matter content on mined-out lands in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WAHJUNI HARTATI

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Hartati, Sudarmadji T. 2016. Relationship between soil texture and soil organic matter content on mined-out lands in Berau, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Nusantara Bioscience 8: 83-88. Post open pit mining may in most cases leave unarable and degraded lands due to heavy soil disturbances and therefore reclamation efforts of such area should be addressed on the revitalization of the soil functions for plant growth. The capability of tropical humid soils, including post open pit mining soils, to support plant growth is largely determined by their organic matter content-nutrient pool, soil aggregation, microbial activity, etc. However, soil organic matter content is, to large extent, governed by the soil clay content which is most likely permanent. This may imply that the soil texture couple with soil organic matter content could be a sound measurement to assess the recovery stages of the mined-out lands in term of soil functions for plant growth. This research was conducted in three sites of reclamation area in Berau, East Kalimantan. Soil texture varied from moderately fine (35-40% clay to fine (40-50% clay and very fine (>50% clay for the BMO, SMO and LMO sites respectively. Soil clay eluviations were found in both of SMO (8 years old revegetation and BMO (>12 years old revegetation sites but not in LMO site. Soil organic matter content ranged from very low (12 and 8 years old revegetation when the organic matter content reaching its maximum. The very fine soil texture does not show clay eluviations process until > 12 years old revegetation even containing the highest organic C content and reaches its maximum at 8-10 years old revegetation.

  14. Reconciling Oil Palm Expansion and Climate Change Mitigation in Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kemen G Austin; Kasibhatla, Prasad S.; Dean L. Urban; Fred Stolle; Jeffrey Vincent

    2015-01-01

    Our society faces the pressing challenge of increasing agricultural production while minimizing negative consequences on ecosystems and the global climate. Indonesia, which has pledged to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from deforestation while doubling production of several major agricultural commodities, exemplifies this challenge. Here we focus on palm oil, the world's most abundant vegetable oil and a commodity that has contributed significantly to Indonesia's economy. Most oil palm...

  15. Paradoxical outcomes of national schooling in the borderland of West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eilenberg, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This paper brings together facets of national belonging and national schooling within an Indonesian borderland context with the aim of understanding the often shifting and ambiguous relationship between border people and their nation-state. Mass-education in Indonesia is of fairly recent origin...... identification with Indonesia due to certain socio-economic constraints and the local border peoples’ long history of cross-border relations....

  16. Paradoxical outcomes of national schooling in the borderland of West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eilenberg, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This paper brings together facets of national belonging and national schooling within an Indonesian borderland context with the aim of understanding the often shifting and ambiguous relationship between border people and their nation-state. Mass-education in Indonesia is of fairly recent origin...... identification with Indonesia due to certain socio-economic constraints and the local border peoples’ long history of cross-border relations....

  17. Multi-Functional Lands Facing Oil Palm Monocultures: A Case Study of a Land Conflict in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosanne E. de Vos

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an ethnographic case study of a palm oil land conflict in a Malay community in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The conflict occurred in the preparatory phase of a large-scale plantation, before any oil palms were planted. After protest from local communities, the project was abolished. This case enables an empirical enquiry of land tenure as well as the meaning of land and associated resources for people’s livelihoods in a pre-plantation situation. The article aims to understand how people’s responses to the oil palm plantation project are rooted in the way they give meaning to the land that is targeted for conversion. Using a functional analysis of property relations, the article shows that people value multiple functions of land, including food security, income security over generations, flexibility to respond to crises and opportunity, and the ability to retain autonomy and identity as farmers. One of the factors that contributed to the conflict was the expectation that a conversion of diversified agricultural land and forest into a monoculture plantation, run by a company, would change the functionality of land and associated resources in a way that would negatively impact livelihood opportunities, lifestyles, and identity.

  18. PAH contamination in soils adjacent to a coal-transporting facility in Tapin district, south Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizwar, Andy; Trihadiningrum, Yulinah

    2015-07-01

    This study was undertaken to determine the level of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), listed as priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), in surface soils around a coal-transporting facility in the western part of South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Three composite soil samples were collected from a coal stockpile, coal-hauling road, and coal port. Identification and quantification of PAH was performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The total content of 16 USEPA-PAH ranged from 11.79 to 55.30 mg/kg with arithmetic mean value of 33.14 mg/kg and median of 32.33 mg/kg. The 16 USEPA-PAH measured levels were found to be greater compared with most of the literature values. The levels of high molecular-weight PAH (5- and 6-ring) were dominant and formed 67.77-80.69 % of the total 16 USEPA-PAH The most abundant of individual PAH are indeno[1,2,3-cd] pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene with concentration ranges of 2.11-20.56 and 1.59-17.84 mg/kg, respectively. The degree of PAH contamination and subsequent toxicity assessment suggest that the soils of the study area are highly contaminated and pose a potential health risk to humans.

  19. Assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contamination in surface soil of coal stockpile sites in South Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizwar, Andy; Priatmadi, Bambang Joko; Abdi, Chairul; Trihadiningrum, Yulinah

    2016-03-01

    Concentrations, spatial distribution, and sources of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), listed as priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), were investigated in surface soils of three different coal stockpile, agricultural, and residential sites in South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Total PAHs concentration ranged from 4.69 to 22.67 mg kg(-1)-dw. PAHs concentrations in soil of coal stockpile sites were higher than those in agricultural and residential soil. A complex of petrogenic origin and pyrolytic sources was found within the study area, as suggested by the isomeric ratios of PAHs. The results of principal component analysis and multiple linear regressions (PCA/MLR) showed that three sources contributed to the PAHs in the study area, including biomass and coal combustion (48.46%), raw coal (35.49%), and vehicular emission (16.05%). The high value of total benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentration (B[a]Peq) suggests that local residents are exposed to a high carcinogenic potential.

  20. Modelling rainfall interception in unlogged and logged forest areas of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Asdak

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Rainfall interception losses were monitored for twelve months and related to vegetation and rainfall characteristics at the Wanariset Sangai on the upper reaches of the Mentaya river, Central Kalimantan. The rainfall interception losses were quantified for one hectare each of unlogged and logged humid tropical rainforests. The results show that interception loss is higher in the unlogged forest (11% of total gross rainfall than in the logged forest (6%. Interception loss was also simulated by the modified Rutter model and Gash's original and revised models. Both the Rutter and revised Gash models predicted total interception loss over a long period adequately, and resulted in estimates of the interception loss that deviated by 6 to 14% of the measured values, for both the unlogged and logged plots.

  1. Miocene Bryozoa from East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Part I: Cyclostomata and ‘Anascan’ Cheilostomata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Di Martino, E.; Taylor, P.D.

    2014-01-01

    The Cenozoic bryozoan fauna of Indonesia has been neglected in the past. In this pioneering study, based on new material collected during the two field seasons of the Throughflow project, we describe a total of 51 bryozoan species, comprising 15 cyclostomes and 36 anascan-grade cheilostomes, ranging

  2. Discursive barriers and cross-scale forest governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caleb T. Gallemore

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Students of social-ecological systems have emphasized the need for effective cross-scale governance. We theorized that discursive barriers, particularly between technical and traditional practices, can act as a barrier to cross-scale collaboration. We analyzed the effects of discursive divides on collaboration on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+ policy development in Central Kalimantan, an Indonesian province on the island of Borneo selected in 2010 to pilot subnational REDD+ policy. We argue that the complexities of bridging local land management practices and technical approaches to greenhouse gas emissions reduction and carbon offsetting create barriers to cross-scale collaboration. We tested these hypotheses using an exponential random graph model of collaboration among 36 organizations active in REDD+ policy in the province. We found that discursive divides were associated with a decreased probability of collaboration between organizations and that organizations headquartered outside the province were less likely to collaborate with organizations headquartered in the province. We conclude that bridging discursive communities presents a chicken-and-egg problem for cross-scale governance of social-ecological systems. In precisely the situations where it is most important, when bridging transnational standards with local knowledge and land management practices, it is the most difficult.

  3. Estate Crops More Attractive than Community Forests in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James D. Langston

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Smallholder farmers and indigenous communities must cope with the opportunities and threats presented by rapidly spreading estate crops in the frontier of the agricultural market economy. Smallholder communities are subject to considerable speculation by outsiders, yet large-scale agriculture presents tradeoffs that they must navigate. We initiated a study in Sintang, West Kalimantan in 2012 and have returned annually for the last four years, building the baselines for a longer-term landscape approach to reconciling conservation and development tradeoffs in situ. Here, the stakeholders are heterogeneous, yet the land cover of the landscape is on a trajectory towards homogenous mono-cropping systems, primarily either palm oil or rubber. In one village on the frontier of the agricultural market economy, natural forests remain managed by the indigenous and local community but economics further intrude on forest use decisions. Conservation values are declining and the future of the forest is uncertain. As such, the community is ultimately attracted to more economically attractive uses of the land for local development oil palm or rubber mono-crop farms. We identify poverty as a threat to community-managed conservation success in the face of economic pressures to convert forest to intensive agriculture. We provide evidence that lucrative alternatives will challenge community-managed forests when prosperity seems achievable. To alleviate this trend, we identify formalized traditional management and landscape governance solutions to nurture a more sustainable landscape transition.

  4. THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF HYDROLOGICAL SERVICES IN MENDALAM SUB WATERSHED, KAPUAS HULU REGENCY, WEST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emi Roslinda

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Forest ecosystem supports almost all of  the needs of  human being through its contribution of  tangible and intangible values.  Currently, the intangible values have gained less attention than the tangible values that cause  underestimation of  the total value of  the forest conversion into other more tangibly profitable usages, and miss-management of  the forest. One of  the important intangible values is the hydrological value that has been hardly calculated until now.  This research the intangible values of  water for household, transportation, agriculture and fishing in Mendalam Sub Watershed, Kalimantan. The economic values calculated based on market prices, opportunity costs and consumer’s surplus methods. The results showed that based on the    opportunity cost method the economic values of  the hydrological services was about Rp 8,043,706,237.50 per year. Meanwhile, the economic values of  the hydrological services based on the consumer’s surplus method gave lower value than the former method, i.e. Rp 8,031,351,664.60 per year. This study showed that the economic value of  the hydrological services was very high, which has not been included in the calculation yet. However, without trees there would be no forest and all other values included water value would not exist. Consequently, current forest management should put forest ecosystem as important to consider.

  5. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CARING, COMFORT, AND PATIENT SATISFACTION IN THE EMERGENCY ROOM, RATU ZALECHA HOSPITAL, SOUTH KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirajudin Noor

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Emergency nursing service system requires the role of nurses who are able to pay attention to the behavior of caring and patient comfort. Caring in an emergency room is an important aspect in lifesaving procedures. It might impact the psychology of patients if nurses are not caring. Caring behavior and comfort given by nurses can also affect to patient satisfaction. Patient satisfaction is considered important as a bridgehead for the treatment of patients. Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between caring behavior and comfort with patient satisfaction in the emergency room, Ratu Zalecha Hospital, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Method: This was an analytic correlational study with cross-sectional approach involved 341 patients in the emergency unit using consecutive sampling. Four questionnaires were used to measure the characteristics of the respondent, the nurse caring behavior, comfort given by the nurses, and patient satisfaction. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics for respondents’ characteristic, and chi-square to analyze the relationship between variables. Result: There were 285 respondents (92.8% who received nurses’ caring behaviors were satisfied, and 268 respondents (87.3% stated that the nurses were able to provide comfort in nursing care in the emergency room. Conclusion: This study revealed that there was a relationship between caring behavior, and comfort with patient satisfaction. It tells that caring and comfort are very important components that influence the satisfaction of patients. Therefore, the role of nurse to provide caring and comfort for the patients in the future should be developed along with the development of science and technology and society's demands.

  6. Polymorphism of Plasmodium Falciparum Dihydrofolate Reductase and Dihydropteroate Synthase Genes among Pregnant Women with Falciparum Malaria in Banjar District, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukmawati Basuki

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Pregnant women are highly vulnerable to malaria infection in its endemic areas, particularly infection by Plasmodium falciparum that can cause premature, low birth weight, severe anemia in pregnant women, and death. Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP for Intermittent Preventive Treatment for pregnant (IPTp is used for malaria control in pregnancy recommended by the World Health Organization that has already been implemented in Africa. The P. falciparum resistance to SP has been reported in several malarial endemic areas, and mutations in the genes of Plasmodium falciparum Dihydrofolate Reductase (Pfdhfr and Dihydropteroate Synthase (Pfdhps are shown to be associated with parasite resistance to SP treatment. Genetic analysis of Pfdhfr and Pfdhps genes in pregnant women infected with P. falciparum has not yet been examined in Indonesia. The cross-sectional study was conducted at two subdistricts, Sungai Pinang and Peramasan, in Banjar district of South Kalimantan Province, where 127 pregnant women were recruited from 2008 to April 2010. Two important mutations in Pfdhfr gene (amino acid positions at N51 and S108 and three in Pfdhps gene (A437, K540 and A581 were analyzed by nested PCR-RFLP method. All of the seven pregnant women samples infected with P. falciparum presented PfDHFR 108N and PfDHPS 437G mutations. One of the samples had the additional mutation at PfDHPS 540, in which Lys is substituted by Glu. These results suggested that P. falciparum might present only some resistance to SP at Sungai Pinang and Peramasan subdistricts, Banjar District, South Kalimantan province, Indonesia. Although there were limited number of samples, this study showed only few mutations of Pfdhfr and Pfdhps genes in P. falciparum at Banjar district, South Kalimantan Province, that suggests SP might be effective for IPTp in this area. Thus, further analysis of the other mutation sites in Pfdhfr and Pfdhps genes and in vivo efficacy study of SP with more sufficient

  7. Three-dimensional Simulations of the Mean Air Transport During the 1997 Forest Fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia Using a Mesoscale Numerical Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roswintiarti, O.; Raman, S.

    - This paper describes the meteorological processes responsible for the mean transport of air pollutants during the ENSO-related forest fires in Kalimantan, Indonesia from 00 UTC 21 September to 00 UTC 25 September, 1997. The Fifth Generation of the Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU-NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) is used to simulate three-dimensional winds at 6-hourly intervals. A nonhydrostatic version of the model is run using two nested grids with horizontal resolutions of 45 km and 15 km. From the simulated wind fields, the backward and forward trajectories of the air parcel are investigated using the Vis5D model.The results indicate that the large-scale subsidence over Indonesia, the southwest monsoon low-level flows (2-8 m s-1), and the shallow planetary boundary layer height (400-800 m) play a key role in the transport of air pollutants from Kalimantan to Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei.

  8. The complexities of managing forest resources in post-decentralization Indonesia: a case study from Sintang District, West Kalimantan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yasmi, Y.; Anshari, Gusti Z.; Alqadrie, S.; Budiarto, T.; Ngusmanto,; Abidin, E.; Komarudin, H.; McGrath, S.; Zulkifli,; Afifudin,

    2005-01-01

    The study attempted to understand the dynamics and complexities of forest resources management following decentralization, the interactions among stakeholders in forest resources management, and the impacts of the new legislation on local community livelihoods in Sintang District, West Kalimantan.

  9. Biodiversity inventory and conservation opportunity of Suwi wetlands, Muara Ancalong, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahyudi, Deni; Kusneti, Monica; Suimah

    2017-02-01

    Suwi wetlands lays in location permit of palm oil plantation, which has been cleared partially, but then abandoned because is not suitable for palm oil. Considering the biological richness and the usage, the wetlands is important to be conserved, the most possible is managed as an Essential Ecosystem. The main objective of this study was to conduct an inventory of species diversity of Suwi wetlands. Habitat condition and utilization was recorded as important supporting information. The fieldworks have been done from 2013 to 2016. Camera traps and mistnetts were used and randomly done several times in a place where animal were suspected presence. Direct observations were done in the morning and afternoon especially for bird and mammal inventory while dark night observations were done for the presence of crocodile. The result of fieldworks found 12 species of mammals, 63 species of birds, 9 species of reptiles and 38 species of fish, which 30 of the total 122 species are protected, based on Indonesian law as well as international rule. Proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus) is an endemic and one of conservation priority species of Indonesia. Meanwhile, Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) is one of the most world's endangered crocodilians.

  10. Characteristics of Gaseous Carbon Emission from a Tropical Peatland Fire: A Plot-Scale Field Experiment in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Y.; Darung, U.; Limin, S. H.; Hatano, R.

    2014-12-01

    Tropical peatland in Southeast Asia is a vast reservoir of terrestrial carbon, which covers 24.8 million hectares and stores 68.5 PgC peat, equal to 11-14% of global peat carbon. In recent decades, large scale peatland fire has occurred frequently in that region, in which many areas of peatland were reclaimed with intention to use the land for forest plantation and rice paddy. We conducted a plot-scale peat burning experiment to elucidate the characteristics of gaseous carbon emission from a tropical peatland fire at the ground level. The experimental site was established at an open area 20 km southeast from Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The size of the burning plot is 4 m in length and 3 m in width. Gas samples were collected at heights of 1.0, 0.5, 0.0 (aboveground), -0.1 and -0.2 m (belowground) through stainless steel and/or aluminum tubes settled across the edge of the plot. The concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4) and particulate matter (PM) was determined. Soil temperature was recorded every 10 minutes 0.1 and 0.2 m below the ground surface. Twelve iron rods were installed in 1-m by 1-m square grid to determine the depth of burn scar. After ignition, flaming stage of peat burning was ceased within 1-2 hours. The following smoldering stage continued for a week. In the flaming stage, soil temperature at -0.1 m increased tentatively. After the smoldering stage began, the temperature rapidly increased to 350-450°C. Response of soil temperature at -0.2 m was less prominent. Concentrations of gaseous components became maximal in the flaming stage. During the smoldering stage, the concentrations gradually decreased. The influence of burning on CO2 and PM was prominently remained at -0.1 m, whereas those at -0.2 m were not so much. The averaged burnt depth was 5.8±5.1 cm. Based on bulk density of 0.22 g/cm3 and carbon content of 55.5%, the amount of carbon lost from the plot was 85.3 kg. Most of the

  11. Petrographic and anatomical characteristics of plant material from two peat deposits of Holocene and Miocene age, Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, T.A.; Hilbert, R.E.

    1992-01-01

    Samples from two peat-forming environments of Holocene and Miocene age in Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia, were studied petrographically using nearly identical sample preparation and microscopic methodologies. Both deposits consist of two basic types of organic material: plant organs/tissues and fine-grained matrix. There are seven predominant types of plant organs and tissues: roots possessing only primary growth, stems possessing only primary growth, leaves, stems/roots with secondary growth, secondary xylem fragments, fragments of cork cells, and macerated tissue of undetermined origin. The fine-grained matrix consists of fragments of cell walls and cell fillings, fungal remains, spores and pollen grains, and resin. Some of the matrix material does not have distinct grain boundaries (at ??500) and this material is designated amorphous matrix. The major difference between the Holocene peat and Miocene lignite in reflected light, oil immersion is a loss of red coloration in the cell walls of tissue in the lignite, presumably due to loss of cellulosic compounds. In addition, cortex and phloem tissue (hence primary roots and stems) are difficult to recognize in the lignite, probably because these large, thin-walled tissues are more susceptible to microbial degradation and compaction. Particle size in both peat and lignite samples display a bimodal distribution when measurements are transformed to a - log2 or phi (??), scale. Most plant parts have modes of 2-3?? (0.25 - 0.125 mm), whereas the finer-grained particulate matrix has modes of 7-9?? (0.008-0.002 mm). This similarity suggest certain degradative processes. The 2-3?? range may be a "stable" size for plant parts (regardless of origin) because this is a characteristics of a substrate which is most suitable for plant growth in peat. The finer-grained matrix material (7-9??) probably results from fungal decay which causes plant material to weaken and with slight physical pressure to shatter into its component

  12. Sharp bends associated with deep scours in a tropical river: The river Mahakam (East Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermeulen, B.; Hoitink, A. J. F.; Berkum, S. W.; Hidayat, H.

    2014-07-01

    Autogenic scouring in sharp river bends has received ample attention in laboratory and modeling studies. These studies have significantly advanced our understanding of how flow processes are influenced by strong curvature and how they affect the bathymetry. Here we present a 300 km reach of the Mahakam River in Indonesia, which features several sharp bends (W/R > 0.5), providing a unique field data set to validate existing knowledge on sharp bends. Scour depths were found to strongly exceed what can be expected based on existing understanding of sharp bends and are highly correlated with curvature. A comprehensive stream reconnaissance was carried out to compare the occurrence of sharp bends and deep scours with lateral bank migration. Histograms of the occurrence of erosive, stable, advancing, and bar-type banks as a function of curvature quantify the switch from a mildly curved bend regime to a sharp bend regime. In mild bends, outer banks erode and inner banks advance. In sharp bends the erosion pattern inverts. Outer banks stabilize or advance, while inner banks erode. In sharply curved river bends, bars occur near the outer banks that become less erosive for higher curvatures. Inner banks become more erosive for higher curvatures but nevertheless accommodate the larger portion of exposed bars. No relation was found between the land cover adjacent to the river and the occurrence of sharp bends. Soil processes may play a crucial role in the formation of sharp bends, which is inferred from iron and manganese concretions observed in the riverbanks, indicating ferric horizons and early stages of the formation of plinthic horizons. Historical topographic maps show the planform activity of the river is low, which may relate to the scour holes slowing down planimetric development.

  13. Hydraulic Geometry of a tidally influenced delta channel network: the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sassi, M.; Hoitink, A.; de Brye, B.; Deleersnijder, E.

    2011-12-01

    Hydraulic Geometry (HG) refers to relations between the characteristics of channels in a network, including mean depth, width, and bed slope, and the discharge conveyed by the channel during bank-full conditions. HG relations are of fundamental importance to water management in channel networks, and they bear an interesting relation with geomorphology. River delta channel networks typically scale according to HG relations such as log(A) ~ p*log(Q), where A is channel cross sectional area, Q water discharge, and the exponent p is in between 0.8 and 1.2. In tidal networks, the tidal prism or tidal discharge can be used, instead of a discharge with a constant frequency of occurrence. In the tidal case, the exponent often shows the same range of variation. Tidal rivers are intrinsically complex, as tidal propagation is influenced by river discharge and vice-versa. Consequently, channel geometry in tidally influenced river deltas may show a mixed scaling behavior of river and tidal channel networks, as the channel forming discharges may both be of river and tidal origin. In tidal regions, the tidal dynamics may lead to a cyclic variation in water discharge distribution at bifurcations, readily affecting HG relations. We present results from the Mahakam delta channel network in Indonesia, a tide-river dominated delta which has been prograding for 60 km over the last 5000 years. Bathymetric surveys were conducted over the distributary network and connected tidal channels. Based on a geomorphic analysis of the present distributary network, we show that channel geometry of the fluvial distributary network scales with bifurcation order. The bifurcation order does not feature a clear relation with bifurcate branch length or bifurcate width ratio, as in the case of river deltas. HG relations of the area of selected cross-sections are well represented by the tidal prism or by the river discharge, when scaled with the bifurcation order. Numerical simulations show that river

  14. Plant diversity and energy potency of community forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia: Searching for fast growing wood species for energy production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RUDIANTO AMIRTA

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Amirta R, Yuliansyah, Angi EM, Ananto BR, Setiyono B, Haqiqi MT, Septiana HA, Lodong M, Oktavianto RN. 2016. Plant diversity and energy potency of community forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia: Searching for fast growing wood species for energy production. Nusantara Bioscience 8: 22-30. Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in intensifying the production and use of biomass to replace fossil fuels for the production of heat and electricity, especially for a remote area that generally abundance with the wood biomass resources including in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. In this work, diversity of plant species that commonly growth in community forest area of East Kutai District, East Kalimantan, Indonesia had been studied to point out their energy potency to be used as biomass feedstock for the electricity generated. Diversity of plant species in the community forest was evaluated by making 13 sampling plots with 20mx20m size approximately. Concurently, the energy properties of plant biomass such as proximate and ultimate compositions were also analyzed using ASTM methods. Results showed that more than 30 species of tropical trees and wood shrubs were grown in the community forest. The presence of them was classified into two different growth of origins: natural and artificial plantation, and also three different categories of plant resources: tree species from logged over forest, commercial fast growing plant tree species for the fiber production and woody shrubs. The highest dominancy and productivity was found in Paraserianthes falcataria (L. Nielsen since the wood biomass was artificially planted for the commercial purposes. Among the 31 plant species analyzed we found the highest energy potency was obtained from Cratoxylum cochinchinense (Lour. Blume that produced 3.17 MWh/ton, and the lowest was from Trema orientalis (L. Blume 0.97 MWh/ton. The woody shrubs species such as Vernonia amigdalina Delile., Piper aduncum L., Gliricidia

  15. Against 'green development fantasies': resource degradation and the lack of community resistance in the middle Mahakam wetlands, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, G.; de Jong, E. B .P.

    2010-01-01

    In the middle Mahakam wetlands, East Kalimantan, local populations are hit hard by ecological deterioration in the form of degraded water quality, floods, depletion of fish stocks, and increasing sedimentation and aquatic weeds. In the short term, resources such as fish and wood are being depleted,

  16. Against 'Green Development Fantasies': Resource Degradation and the Lack of Community Resistance in the Middle Mahakam Wetlands, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, G.; Jong, E.B.P. de

    2010-01-01

    In the middle Mahakam wetlands, East Kalimantan, local populations are hit hard by ecological deterioration in the form of degraded water quality, floods, depletion of fish stocks, and increasing sedimentation and aquatic weeds In the short term, resources such as fish and wood are being depleted, w

  17. Marine biodiversity of the coastal area of the Berau region, East Kalimantan, Indonesia : progress report East Kalimantan program, pilot phase (October 2003) : preliminary results of a field survey performed by an Indonesian-Dutch biodiversity research team

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeksema, B.W.

    2004-01-01

    The coastal waters of East Kalimantan are part of the western boundary of the Indo-West Pacific centre of maximum marine biodiversity. During the pilot phase of the East Kalimantan Program (EKP) this has been tested by various specialists who used model taxa to test this hypothesis. Emphasis has bee

  18. Marine biodiversity of the coastal area of the Berau region, East Kalimantan, Indonesia : progress report East Kalimantan program, pilot phase (October 2003) : preliminary results of a field survey performed by an Indonesian-Dutch biodiversity research team

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeksema, B.W.

    2004-01-01

    The coastal waters of East Kalimantan are part of the western boundary of the Indo-West Pacific centre of maximum marine biodiversity. During the pilot phase of the East Kalimantan Program (EKP) this has been tested by various specialists who used model taxa to test this hypothesis. Emphasis has bee

  19. A community trial involving religious leaders to improve water preparation hygiene as part of diarrheal disease prevention in South kalimantan, indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prihartono, N; Damayanti, R; Adisasmita, A; Tarigan, L

    1993-01-01

    In an earlier study we found that there is a habit of mixing boiled and unboiled water to prepare drinks, particularly cold tea, in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Ulamas (Islamic religious leaders) have a very influential role in that community. This study was designed to implement and evaluate a health educational campaign using local ulamas. Three study communities were selected. The first intervention area received education through Al Quran (Koranic) reading clubs. In the second area the intervention was implemented by home visits as well as by Al Quran reading clubs, since participation in Al Quran reading clubs was low. The third area served as the control. A message and intervention development was designed by the ulamas and the investigators using sarasehan (ulamas' meeting). A positive impact on knowledge and practices of drinking water preparation was observed in the first area where the community members were active participants in the Al Quran reading club. Involving ulamas in a health education campaign was indicated to be effective in changing knowledge and practices.

  20. Committed carbon emissions, deforestation, and community land conversion from oil palm plantation expansion in West Kalimantan, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Kimberly M; Curran, Lisa M; Ratnasari, Dessy; Pittman, Alice M; Soares-Filho, Britaldo S; Asner, Gregory P; Trigg, Simon N; Gaveau, David A; Lawrence, Deborah; Rodrigues, Hermann O

    2012-05-08

    Industrial agricultural plantations are a rapidly increasing yet largely unmeasured source of tropical land cover change. Here, we evaluate impacts of oil palm plantation development on land cover, carbon flux, and agrarian community lands in West Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. With a spatially explicit land change/carbon bookkeeping model, parameterized using high-resolution satellite time series and informed by socioeconomic surveys, we assess previous and project future plantation expansion under five scenarios. Although fire was the primary proximate cause of 1989-2008 deforestation (93%) and net carbon emissions (69%), by 2007-2008, oil palm directly caused 27% of total and 40% of peatland deforestation. Plantation land sources exhibited distinctive temporal dynamics, comprising 81% forests on mineral soils (1994-2001), shifting to 69% peatlands (2008-2011). Plantation leases reveal vast development potential. In 2008, leases spanned ∼65% of the region, including 62% on peatlands and 59% of community-managed lands, yet oil palm, generating 26% of net carbon emissions. Intact forest cover declines to 4%, and the proportion of emissions sourced from peatlands increases 38%. Prohibiting intact and logged forest and peatland conversion to oil palm reduces emissions only 4% below BAU, because of continued uncontrolled fire. Protecting logged forests achieves greater carbon emissions reductions (21%) than protecting intact forests alone (9%) and is critical for mitigating carbon emissions. Extensive allocated leases constrain land management options, requiring trade-offs among oil palm production, carbon emissions mitigation, and maintaining community landholdings.

  1. Comparing spatial capture–recapture modeling and nest count methods to estimate orangutan densities in the Wehea Forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spehar, Stephanie N.; Loken, Brent; Rayadin, Yaya; Royle, J. Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Accurate information on the density and abundance of animal populations is essential for understanding species' ecology and for conservation planning, but is difficult to obtain. The endangered orangutan (Pongo spp.) is an example; due to its elusive behavior and low densities, researchers have relied on methods that convert nest counts to orangutan densities and require substantial effort for reliable results. Camera trapping and spatial capture–recapture (SCR) models could provide an alternative but have not been used for primates. We compared density estimates calculated using the two methods for orangutans in the Wehea Forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Camera trapping/SCR modeling produced a density estimate of 0.16 ± 0.09–0.29 indiv/km2, and nest counts produced a density estimate of 1.05 ± 0.18–6.01 indiv/km2. The large confidence interval of the nest count estimate is probably due to high variance in nest encounter rates, indicating the need for larger sample size and the substantial effort required to produce reliable results using this method. The SCR estimate produced a very low density estimate and had a narrower but still fairly wide confidence interval. This was likely due to unmodeled heterogeneity and small sample size, specifically a low number of individual captures and recaptures. We propose methodological fixes that could address these issues and improve precision. A comparison of the overall costs and benefits of the two methods suggests that camera trapping/SCR modeling can potentially be a useful tool for assessing the densities of orangutans and other elusive primates, and warrant further investigation to determine broad applicability and methodological adjustments needed.

  2. Development of TGS2611 methane sensor and SHT11 humidity and temperature sensor for measuring greenhouse gas on peatlands in south kalimantan, indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugriwan, I.; Soesanto, O.

    2017-05-01

    The research was focused on development of data acquisition system to monitor the content of methane, relative humidity and temperature on peatlands in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Methane is one of greenhouse gases that emitted from peatlands; while humidity and temperature are important parameters of microclimate on peatlands. The content of methane, humidity and temperature are three parameters were monitored digitally, real time, continuously and automatically record by data acquisition systems that interfaced to the personal computer. The hardware of data acquisition system consists of power supply unit, TGS2611 methane gas sensor, SHT11 humidity and temperature sensors, voltage follower, ATMega8535 microcontroller, 16 × 2 LCD character and personal computer. ATMega8535 module is a device to manage all part in measuring instrument. The software which is responsible to take sensor data, calculate characteristic equation and send data to 16 × 2 LCD character are Basic Compiler. To interface between measuring instrument and personal computer is maintained by Delphi 7. The result of data acquisition showed on 16 × 2 LCD characters, PC monitor and database with developed by XAMPP. Methane, humidity, and temperature which release from peatlands are trapped by Closed-Chamber Measurement with dimension 60 × 50 × 40 cm3. TGS2611 methane gas sensor and SHT11 humidity and temperature sensor are calibrated to determine transfer function used to data communication between sensors and microcontroller and integrated into ATMega8535 Microcontroller. Calculation of RS and RL of TGS2611 methane gas sensor refer to data sheet and obtained respectively 1360 ohm and 905 ohm. The characteristic equation of TGS2611 satisfies equation VRL = 0.561 ln n - 2.2641 volt, with n is a various concentrations and VRL in volt. The microcontroller maintained the voltage signal than interfaced it to liquid crystal displays and personal computer (laptop) to display result of the measurement

  3. An Analysis of Language Code Used by the Cross- Married Couples, Banjarese- Javanese Ethnics: A Case Study in South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Supiani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to describe the use of language code applied by the participants and to find out the factors influencing the choice of language codes. This research is qualitative research that describe the use of language code in the cross married couples. The data are taken from the discourses about language code phenomena dealing with the cross- married couples, Banjarese- Javanese ethnics in Tanah Laut regency South Kalimantan, Indonesia. The conversations occur in the family and social life such as between a husband and a wife, a father and his son/daughter, a mother and her son/daughter, a husband and his friends, a wife and her neighbor, and so on. There are 23 data observed and recoded by the researcher based on a certain criteria. Tanah Laut regency is chosen as a purposive sample where this regency has many different ethnics so that they do cross cultural marriage for example between Banjarese- Javanese ethnics. Findings reveal that mostly the cross married couple used code mixing and code switching in their conversation of daily activities. Code mixing is uttered by Javanese father or mother to their children. Mixed codes are used namely Banjarese+Javanese+Indonesian. Meanwhile, code switching occurs when there is another factor or a new participant who join in the discourse. The codes change from Banjarese to Indonesian codes or Javanese to Indonesian codes due to new participant who involve himself/herself in the dialogue. The influential factors are situational factors, the environment (neighborhood, relative status, and ethnicity. Keywords: Language codes, Cross- married couples, Banjarese and Javanese ethics, Dialects

  4. Report on a commercialization fundamental investigation (in Palakan Area, East Kalimantan, Indonesia) in relation to FY 1997 investigations on geological structures in overseas countries; 1997 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Indonesia Higashi Kalimantan shu Palakan chiku) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A fundamental investigation was carried out on coal mine development in Palakan Area, East Kalimantan, the Republic of Indonesia. Based on the existing information available from geological investigations having been performed to date, including trial drilling, the present investigation carried out mapping surveys for new access roads to each trial drilling location and coal bed investigations on the existing open-cut mining sites. The trial drilling investigations were conducted by using grids with about 500 meter interval to identify existence status of coal beds and coal quality. Seven drillings to depths of 170 to 230 m resulted in a total drilling length of 1350 meters. Trial drilling samples were collected from all beds in major coal beds, and analyzed in Japan according to JIS standard. Overall geological analysis including coal quantity calculation by coal beds, open-cut sites and underground mining sites was executed from available geological sketches, geological histograms, coal bed histograms and other existing items of information. Evaluation was given on potentiality of the investigated areas for coal development based on the above analytical results. In addition, infrastructure related investigations were also performed. 29 refs., 114 figs., 37 tabs.

  5. Tectonic controls on the hydrocarbon habitats of the Barito, Kutei, and Tarakan Basins, Eastern Kalimantan, Indonesia: major dissimilarities in adjoining basins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satyana, Awang Harun; Nugroho, Djoko; Surantoko, Imanhardjo

    1999-04-01

    The Barito, Kutei, and Tarakan Basins are located in the eastern half of Kalimantan (Borneo) Island, Indonesia. The basins are distinguished by their different tectonic styles during Tertiary and Pleistocene times. In the Barito Basin, the deformation is a consequence of two distinct, separate, regimes. Firstly, an initial transtensional regime during which sinistral shear resulted in the formation of a series of wrench-related rifts, and secondly, a subsequent transpressional regime involving convergent uplift, reactivating old structures and resulting in wrenching, reverse faulting and folding within the basin. Presently, NNE-SSW and E-W trending structures are concentrated in the northeastern and northern parts of the basin, respectively. In the northeastern part, the structures become increasingly imbricated towards the Meratus Mountains and involve the basement. The western and southern parts of the Barito Basin are only weakly deformed. In the Kutei Basin, the present day dominant structural trend is a series of tightly folded, NNE-SSW trending anticlines and synclines forming the Samarinda Anticlinorium which is dominant in the eastern part of the basin. Deformation is less intense offshore. Middle Miocene to Recent structural growth is suggested by depositional thinning over the structures. The western basin area is uplifted, large structures are evident in several places. The origin of the Kutei structures is still in question and proposed mechanisms include vertical diapirism, gravitational gliding, inversion through regional wrenching, detachment folds over inverted structures, and inverted delta growth-fault system. In the Tarakan Basin, the present structural grain is typified by NNE-SSW normal faults which are mostly developed in the marginal and offshore areas. These structures formed on older NW-SE trending folds and are normal to the direction of the basin sedimentary thickening suggesting that they developed contemporaneously with deposition, as

  6. Plant Species Richness After Revegetation on The Reclaimed Coal Mine Land of PT Adaro Indonesia, South Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Arief Soendjoto

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The focus of monitoring was the plant purposely cultivated because after re-vegetation, there were a very few of other plants growing naturally on reclimed coal mining area which were recorded, whereas these plants had important values. The research aimed to record all plants and to identify predominant plants over the reclaimed land of PT Adaro Indonesia. There were four sampling locations with 13 squares of 50 × 20 m2 on each location established and on each square there were 5 plots of 2 × 2 m2 plotse made. Both plant species and its individual number of woodyplantsaplings were recorded on each square, so in each plot, there were small species and its individual number of either woody-plant seedlings or non-woody plants (herbs/shrubs, grasses, ferns. The relative density and the relative frequency of woody or non-woody plants were summed to obtain the important value index (IVI of each successional stage. There were 107 plant species consisting of 32, 43, 27, and 5 species of saplings,seedlings/herbs/shrubs, grasses, and ferns respectively. From those species, 16 species of woody plants and 2 species of herbs were planted purposely,other species grew naturally and even some of them were dominants. Either the number of plants or the dominating plant is varied according to the sampling location and the growing stage.Keywords: plant, revegetation, richness, sapling, seedling

  7. Drainage and land use impacts on changes in selected peat properties and peat degradation in West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anshari, G. Z.; Afifudin, M.; Nuriman, M.; Gusmayanti, E.; Arianie, L.; Susana, R.; Nusantara, R. W.; Sugardjito, J.; Rafiastanto, A.

    2010-11-01

    Degradation of tropical peats is a global concern due to large Carbon emission and loss of biodiversity. The degradation of tropical peats usually starts when the government drains and clears peat forests into open peats used for food crops, oil palm and industrial timber plantations. Major properties of tropical peat forests are high in Water Contents (WC), Loss on Ignition (LOI) and Total Organic Carbon (TOC), and low in peat pH, Dry Bulk Density (DBD), and Total Nitrogen (TN). In this study, we investigated impacts of drainage and land use change on these properties. We collected peat samples from peat forests, logged over peat forest, industrial timber plantation, community agriculture, and oil palms. We used independent t-tests and oneway ANOVA to analyze mean differences of the research variables. We found that peat pH, DBD, and TN tend to increase. A significant decrease of C/N ratio in oil palm and agriculture sites importantly denotes a high rate of peat decompositions. Water contents, LOI, and TOC are relatively constants. We suggest that changes in pH, DBD, TN and atomic C/N ratio are important indicators for assessing tropical peat degradation. We infer that land use change from tropical peat forests into cleared and drained peats used for intensive timber harvesting, oil palms and industrial timber plantations in Indonesia has greatly degraded major ecological function of tropical peats as Carbon storage.

  8. Drainage and land use impacts on changes in selected peat properties and peat degradation in West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Z. Anshari

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Degradation of tropical peats is a global concern due to large Carbon emission and loss of biodiversity. The degradation of tropical peats usually starts when the government drains and clears peat forests into open peats used for food crops, oil palm and industrial timber plantations. Major properties of tropical peat forests are high in Water Contents (WC, Loss on Ignition (LOI and Total Organic Carbon (TOC, and low in peat pH, Dry Bulk Density (DBD, and Total Nitrogen (TN. In this study, we investigated impacts of drainage and land use change on these properties. We collected peat samples from peat forests, logged over peat forest, industrial timber plantation, community agriculture, and oil palms. We used independent t-tests and oneway ANOVA to analyze mean differences of the research variables. We found that peat pH, DBD, and TN tend to increase. A significant decrease of C/N ratio in oil palm and agriculture sites importantly denotes a high rate of peat decompositions. Water contents, LOI, and TOC are relatively constants. We suggest that changes in pH, DBD, TN and atomic C/N ratio are important indicators for assessing tropical peat degradation. We infer that land use change from tropical peat forests into cleared and drained peats used for intensive timber harvesting, oil palms and industrial timber plantations in Indonesia has greatly degraded major ecological function of tropical peats as Carbon storage.

  9. Assessing the influence of return density on estimation of lidar-based aboveground biomass in tropical peat swamp forests of Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manuri, Solichin; Andersen, Hans-Erik; McGaughey, Robert J.; Brack, Cris

    2017-04-01

    The airborne lidar system (ALS) provides a means to efficiently monitor the status of remote tropical forests and continues to be the subject of intense evaluation. However, the cost of ALS acquisition can vary significantly depending on the acquisition parameters, particularly the return density (i.e., spatial resolution) of the lidar point cloud. This study assessed the effect of lidar return density on the accuracy of lidar metrics and regression models for estimating aboveground biomass (AGB) and basal area (BA) in tropical peat swamp forests (PSF) in Kalimantan, Indonesia. A large dataset of ALS covering an area of 123,000 ha was used in this study. This study found that cumulative return proportion (CRP) variables represent a better accumulation of AGB over tree heights than height-related variables. The CRP variables in power models explained 80.9% and 90.9% of the BA and AGB variations, respectively. Further, it was found that low-density (and low-cost) lidar should be considered as a feasible option for assessing AGB and BA in vast areas of flat, lowland PSF. The performance of the models generated using reduced return densities as low as 1/9 returns per m2 also yielded strong agreement with the original high-density data. The use model-based statistical inferences enabled relatively precise estimates of the mean AGB at the landscape scale to be obtained with a fairly low-density of 1/4 returns per m2, with less than 10% standard error (SE). Further, even when very low-density lidar data was used (i.e., 1/49 returns per m2) the bias of the mean AGB estimates were still less than 10% with a SE of approximately 15%. This study also investigated the influence of different DTM resolutions for normalizing the elevation during the generation of forest-related lidar metrics using various return densities point cloud. We found that the high-resolution digital terrain model (DTM) had little effect on the accuracy of lidar metrics calculation in PSF. The accuracy of

  10. Reintroduction of Orangutans: A New Approach. A Study on the Behaviour and Ecology of Reintroduced Orangutans in the Sungai Wain Nature Reserve, East Kalimantan Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fredriksson, Gabriella

    1995-01-01

    The reintroduction of ex-captive orangutans Pongo pygmaeus) is part of a comprehensive conservation program to preserve this species and it’s habitat. During the last decades the orangutan has been under severe threat throughout it’s range- Northern Sumatra, Kalimantan and East Malaysia- due to mass

  11. Spatial heterogeneity of sources of branched tetraethers in shelf systems: The geochemistry of tetraethers in the Berau River delta (Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

    2016-08-01

    The bulk organic matter composition (total organic carbon (TOC) content and δ13CTOC) and composition of isoprenoid and branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGT) in surface sediments from 43 stations in the Berau River delta (east Kalimantan, Indonesia), including two coast-shelf transects and stations within the river mouth, were examined to reveal the spatial heterogeneity in these parameters in order to assess the impact of a tropical river loaded with suspended matter on the sedimentary organic matter in the shelf system. The high-resolution study showed that, despite the extensive transport of eroded soil material by the river to the sea, terrestrial organic matter and brGDGTs are only deposited on a relatively small part of the shelf. The concentrations of brGDGTs are highest (up to 120 μg g-1 TOC) in sediments deposited in and close to the mouth of the Berau River and their distribution indicates that they represent a mixture of soil-derived and river in-situ produced brGDGTs. Crenarchaeol concentrations reach 700 μg g-1 TOC in sediments deposited on the outer shelf due to Thaumarchaeotal production in shelf waters. This results in a strong gradient (0.93-0.03) in the BIT index, with high values in the river mouth and low values on the shelf. The decline in the BIT index is caused by both decreasing concentrations of the brGDGTs and increasing concentrations of crenarchaeol. The BIT index shows a highly significant but non-linear relationship with δ13CTOC. On the shelf, in the area not under the direct influence of the Berau River, cyclic brGDGTs become relatively dominant, most probably due to in-situ production in the alkaline pore waters of the surface sediments. The spatial heterogeneity of sources of brGDGTs on the Berau shelf complicates the use of brGDGTs as temperature proxies. Application of the global soil calibration to sedimentary mixtures of brGDGTs in the river-influenced area of the shelf results in a severe underestimation of

  12. Penemuan Baru Plasmodium Knowlesi pada Manusia di Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahat Ompusunggu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstractUntil 2012, four Plasmodium knowlesi malaria cases had been found in South Kalimantan. Objectives of this study were to determine the proporsion of P. knowlesi among microscopically positive malaria cases, clinical symptoms and morphology of P. knowlesi. This study is conductedin Central Kalimantan and South Kalimantan in 2013-2014. Samples were microscopically positive malaria cases obtained by surveys and passive case findings. Finger’s blood absorbed on filter papers or scraping of thick blood films were examined by polymerase chain reaction. Patients were also examined clinically and interviewed to investigate the history of infections. The results showed that among the 287 samples examined, three samples (1.05% positive P. knowlesi. All of the three cases were infected locally, which consist of two in Central Kalimantan and one in South Kalimantan. The cases in Central Kalimantan were the first finding of Plasmodium knowlesi malaria cases in the province. Clinical symptoms in two cases were mild but in another case was rather severe. Morphology of P. knowlesi has a special characteristic although it resembles P. falciparum, P. vivax and P. malariae. Further research is needed in order to find other spreading area of P. knowlesi malaria in Indonesia.Keywords : Plasmodium knowlesi, human, clinical symptoms, morphology, Central Kalimantan.AbstrakSampai tahun 2012, empat kasus malaria Plamodium knowlesi pada manusia yang penularannya di sekitar hutan telah ditemukan di Kalimantan Selatan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui besarnya proporsi P. knowlesi di antara kasus malaria positif mikroskopis, gejala klinis dan morfologi P. knowlesi. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kalimantan Tengah dan Kalimantan Selatan pada tahun 2013-2014. Sampel adalah kasus malaria positif mikroskopis yang diperoleh melalui survei dan penemuan kasus secara pasif. Serapan darah pada kertas saring atau kerokan sediaan apus darah tebal diperiksa dengan

  13. AKUMULASI MERKURI PADA IKAN BAUNG (Mytus nemurus DI SUNGAI KAHAYAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH (The Accumulation of Mercure on Baung Fish (Mytus nemurus in The Kahayan Rice of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adventus Panda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Sungai Kahayan di Kalimantan Tengah mengalami tekanan lingkungan karena adanya limbah merkuri yang berasal dari aktivitas penambangan emas tradisional. Di tempat tersebut terdapat 10a4 tempat penambangan emas sepanjang sungai dari hulu sampai hilir. Merkuri dalam sedimen sungai secara berturut-turut mengalami metilasi (methylation oleh reduksi sulfat bakteri. Riset ini merupakan studi akumulasi merkuri (FIg dalam Mytus nemurus, sedimen dan air, dari hulu ke hilir di sungai Kahayan. Total jarak dari hulu sekitar 296 km. Data dikumpulkan dari 3 lokasi sepanjang sungai. Dalam tiap lokasi tapak sampling berada di dataran baniir (floodplain. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama musim hujan. lkan ditangkap menggunakan rengge (gillnet. Penentuan metil merkuri digunakan metode modified CV-AAS (cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa diantara sample yang diukur, akumulasi tertinggi masing-masing berada dalam sedimen sungai (0,336 mg. dikutip dengan daging M. numerus (0,303 mg.g-1 + 0.342. dan air (0.058 mg-1. Merkuri memiliki tendensi meninggi menuju hilir. Hal ini disebabkan oleh tekstur sedimen yang didominasi oleh silt. Kondisi ini berpotensi untuk metilasi. Turbiditas, arus, dan pH menyumbangkan kenaikan tingkat merkuri di hilir. Asupan merkuri mingguan yang dapat ditoleransi menurut WHO adalah 171,42 mg adalah sama dengan 24,4 mg sehari jika seseorang mengkonsumsi 100 g daging M. numerus sehari. dimungkinkan bahwa akan ada 30,3 mg.g-1 yang masuk ke tubuh. Hal ini berarti bahwa merkuri disepanjang sungai Kahayan mengancam penduduk yang mengkonsumsi ikan dari sungai tersebut.   ABSTRACT The Kahayan River of Central Kalimantan had environmental stress due to mercury waste. This waste came from the traditional gold mining activities. There were 1014 gold mining sites along the river from upstream to downstream. Mercury in river sediment was subsequently methylated by sulfated reduction bacteria. This

  14. DAMPAK ELECTRONIC BANKING TERHADAP KINERJA PERBANKAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farah Margaretha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of banking service to bank profitability.  A dependend variable ratio in this research is internet banking. It  is to test the effect of Return on Asset (ROA, Return on Equity (ROE, Operating Expenses towards Operating Income and Performance. Another ratio, that was used as a variable control, is asset. The method of data analysis is binary logistic regression. The object of the research is 68 banks in Indonesia. Those banks are divided into two groups, bank with and without internet banking. The result of this research shows that there is influence on internet banking service to effeciency profitability and different grouping. Finance Manager and Investor should pay attention the effect of ROA, ROE, BOPO and Asset.

  15. Fiqh Issues in the Border Areas of West Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    Hamka Siregar

    2016-01-01

    The less prosperous condition of the community in the Indonesia-Malaysia border area in the province of West Kalimantan has resulted in several problems including those related to fiqh, such as the sale and purchase of illegal goods from Malaysia, the phenomena of illegal migrant workers from Indonesia, human trafficking, transnational marriages, double identity cards, etc. In the perspective of fiqh, there is no ban on trading between people of different nationalities. In the legislative pro...

  16. INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MCVEY, RUTH T.

    THIS UNIVERSITY-LEVEL TEXT IS AN ATTEMPT TO BRIDGE THE GAP BETWEEN SUPERFICIAL IMPRESSION AND SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING INDONESIA. IT PROVIDES AN INTRODUCTION TO INDONESIA THROUGH CHAPTERS ON--(1) PHYSICAL AND HUMAN RESOURCE PATTERNS, BY K.J. PELZER, (2) INDONESIAN CULTURES AND COMMUNITIES, BY H. GEERTZ, (3) THE CHINESE MINORITY, BY G.W.…

  17. Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    Indonesia, an archipelago of 13,500 islands, ranks 5th as the most populous nation in the world. It has 175 million people, 105 million of which live on the island of Java alone. Indonesia has many distinct cultural and linguistic groups. Islam almost wholly replaced Hindu by the end of the 16th century, after arriving in the 12th century. Today 88% of the people are Muslim, while the rest includes Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, and others. The constitution guarantees religious freedom. Indonesia gained independence from the Netherlands in 1949. Indonesia's 1st president, Sukarno, led the rebellion leading to independence and remained in power from 1949-1967. After aligning with Asian communist countries and establishing an authoritarian regime in the early 1960s, the people rebelled, attempted a coup and, in 1967, the People's,s Consultative Assembly named Soeharto as president. He continues to be Indonesia's president and the dominant government and political figure. The constitution provides limited separation of executive, legislative, and judicial power. During the 1970s, the strong economy was based on high oil revenues and an industrial policy which protected domestic industries. Beginning in the 1980s, however, lower energy earnings assisted by low inflation, a downward float against the dollar, and the government eliminating regulatory obstacles turned the economic tide. Even though Indonesia has a larger unrescheduled external debt than any other developing nation, the government is dealing successfully with servicing this debt. Foreign interests participate in the oil and minerals sectors. Indonesia acts on its free and active foreign policy by playing a prominent role in Asian affairs, but avoiding involvement in conflicts among major powers. Indonesia is on friendly terms with its neighbors, and the military does not advocate developing the capability to project its power. The US and Indonesia carry on cordial diplomatic and trade relations

  18. STUDI BIO-EPIDEMIOLOGI DAN ANALISIS SPASIAL KASUS MALARIA DAERAH LINTAS BATAS INDONESIA – MALAYSIA (PULAU SEBATIK KABUPATEN NUNUKAN, PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damar Tri Boewono

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Malaria remains to be a public health problem in Nunukan District (especially Sebatik island, East Kalimantan Province. Vector control programs using  long lasting insecticide nets (LLINs, have been conducted by the Health Office. Yet malaria cases were still occurred on the previous years. Comprehensive research was conducted to determine the specific vector control strategies based on the vectors bionomic, spatial distributions of malaria cases and breeding habitats (GIS mapping and distance index analyses and susceptible status of malaria  vectors against insecticides. The study revealed that three mosquito species were remain as potential malaria vectors such as: An. balabacensis and An. maculatus, the breeding habitats were fresh water wells/ponds and streams. In the coastal areas brackish water ponds and  lagoon were found as the breeding habitats of An. sundaicus  was recognized as malaria vector. Both malaria vectors (An. balabacensis and An. maculatus, were found resistant to insecticides Permethrin and  Lambdacyhalothrin and tolerance against Malathion. Alternative insecticide should be considered as a replacement. Spatial analysis found that malaria cases were distributed on clumped/cluster, buffer zones against breeding habitat (<400 meters, indicate local transmission (indigenous due to vector behaviour. Integrated vector management by using  indoors treatment and breeding habitats application by using bio-larvicides such as bacillus or insect growth regulator/IGR, is recommended. In an effort to maintain sustainability of the malaria programs, community participation should be developed. Key Words:  Malaria, Spatial distribition, Cases Distance Index, Sebatik Island Abstrak. Malaria masih menjadi masalah kesehatan utama di kabupaten Nunukan (khususnya Pulau sebatik, provinsi Kalimantan Timur.  Program pengendalian vektor menggunakan kelabu berinsektisida /Long Lasting Insecticide Net (LLIN, telah dilakukan oleh

  19. Reconstruction of floral changes during deposition of the Miocene Embalut coal from Kutai Basin, Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia by use of aromatic hydrocarbon composition and stable carbon isotope ratios of organic matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Widodo, S.; Bechtel, A.; Anggayana, K.; Puttmann, W. [University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt (Germany)

    2009-02-15

    The distribution of aromatic hydrocarbons and stable carbon isotope ratios of organic matter in a series of nine Miocene Embalut coal samples obtained from nine coal seams of Kutai Basin, East Kalimantan, Indonesia were studied. The rank of the Embalut coals ranged from lignites to low rank sub-bituminous coals (0.36-0.50% Rr), based on measurements of huminite reflectance. The aromatic hydrocarbon fractions of all coal samples were dominated by cadalene in the lower boiling point range and picene derivatives in the higher boiling point range of the gas chromatograms. Cadalene can be attributed to the contribution of Dipterocarpaceae and various hydrated picenes to the contribution of additional angiosperms to the coal forming vegetation. The picenes originate from {alpha}- and {beta}-amyrin. However, in some coal samples minor amounts of simonellite and retene were also detected which argues for an additional contribution of gymnosperms (conifers) to coal forming vegetation preferentially in the Middle Miocene and at the beginning of the Late Miocene. The results of stable carbon isotope ratios ({delta}{sup 13}C in most of the coal samples are consistent with their origin from angiosperms {delta}{sup 13}C between -27.09, and -28.0%). During the Miocene the climate of Mahakam Delta was not uniformly moist and cooler than the present day climate. This would have been favourable for the growth of conifers, especially in the montane forests. The contribution of conifers to the Embalut coals might be a result of the cool Middle/Late Miocene climate during peat accumulation in the Kutai Basin.

  20. Field measurements of trace gases and aerosols emitted by peat fires in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, during the 2015 El Niño

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockwell, Chelsea E.; Jayarathne, Thilina; Cochrane, Mark A.; Ryan, Kevin C.; Putra, Erianto I.; Saharjo, Bambang H.; Nurhayati, Ati D.; Albar, Israr; Blake, Donald R.; Simpson, Isobel J.; Stone, Elizabeth A.; Yokelson, Robert J.

    2016-09-01

    Peat fires in Southeast Asia have become a major annual source of trace gases and particles to the regional-global atmosphere. The assessment of their influence on atmospheric chemistry, climate, air quality, and health has been uncertain partly due to a lack of field measurements of the smoke characteristics. During the strong 2015 El Niño event we deployed a mobile smoke sampling team in the Indonesian province of Central Kalimantan on the island of Borneo and made the first, or rare, field measurements of trace gases, aerosol optical properties, and aerosol mass emissions for authentic peat fires burning at various depths in different peat types. This paper reports the trace gas and aerosol measurements obtained by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, whole air sampling, photoacoustic extinctiometers (405 and 870 nm), and a small subset of the data from analyses of particulate filters. The trace gas measurements provide emission factors (EFs; grams of a compound per kilogram biomass burned) for up to ˜ 90 gases, including CO2, CO, CH4, non-methane hydrocarbons up to C10, 15 oxygenated organic compounds, NH3, HCN, NOx, OCS, HCl, etc. The modified combustion efficiency (MCE) of the smoke sources ranged from 0.693 to 0.835 with an average of 0.772 ± 0.053 (n = 35), indicating essentially pure smoldering combustion, and the emissions were not initially strongly lofted. The major trace gas emissions by mass (EF as g kg-1) were carbon dioxide (1564 ± 77), carbon monoxide (291 ± 49), methane (9.51 ± 4.74), hydrogen cyanide (5.75 ± 1.60), acetic acid (3.89 ± 1.65), ammonia (2.86 ± 1.00), methanol (2.14 ± 1.22), ethane (1.52 ± 0.66), dihydrogen (1.22 ± 1.01), propylene (1.07 ± 0.53), propane (0.989 ± 0.644), ethylene (0.961 ± 0.528), benzene (0.954 ± 0.394), formaldehyde (0.867 ± 0.479), hydroxyacetone (0.860 ± 0.433), furan (0.772 ± 0.035), acetaldehyde (0.697 ± 0.460), and acetone (0.691 ± 0.356). These field data support significant revision

  1. KERAGAMAN FENOTIPE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK DAN GENOTIPE IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) DARI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA SELATAN, DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Irin Iriana Kusmini; Vitas Atmadi Prakoso; Kusdiarti Kusdiarti

    2015-01-01

    Ikan gabus di Indonesia awalnya hanya terdapat di Barat garis Wallace (Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan) yang kemudian diintroduksi ke Indonesia bagian Timur. Ikan gabus termasuk ke dalam deretan ikan air tawar sebagai sumber daya genetik untuk menunjang diversifikasi usaha budidaya. Guna menyukseskan program diversifikasi tersebut, maka perlu diketahui keragaman genetik ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan Tengah agar dapat direkomendasikan sebagai dasar pemuliaan. Tuju...

  2. The Use of Hotspot Spatial Clustering and Multitemporal Satellite Imagery to Facilitate Peat Land Degradation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Case Study in Mensiku Miniwatershed of Kapuas River)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanuarsyah, I.; Suwarno, Y.; Hudjimartsu, S.

    2016-11-01

    Peat land in Indonesia is currently a matter of interest to economic activity. In addition to having the uniqueness of the ecosystem which is reserve a huge of biodiversity and carbon storage, peat land is grow an alternative expansion of agriculture and plantation. Mensiku miniwatershed is a subset of Kapuas Watershed with the domination of the peat soil type. It located in the upstream from the Kapuas River and supporting for the continuation of the river ecosystem. The research objective is to facilitate peat land degradation by using hotspot spatial clustering and multitemporal satellite imagery. There have three main processes which are image processing, geoprocessing and statistical process using DBSCAN to determine hotspot clustering. The trend of LUC changes for 14 years (2002 to 2016) shows that the downward occurred in secondary peat forest (0.9% per year) and swampy shrub (0.6% per year). The upward occurred in mixed farms (0.6% per year) and plantations (0.8% per year). degradation rate of peat land over 14 years about 4.6 km2 per year. Hotspot predominantly occurrence in secondary peat forest with 200-250 centimeter depth and Saprists type. DBSCAN clustering obtain 2 clusters in 2002, obtain 4 clusters in 2009 and obtain 1 clusters in 2016. Regarding LUC platform, average density value over 14 years about 0.063 hotspot per km2. DBSCAN is common used to examine the cluster and perform the distribution and density with spatial analysis

  3. The use and potential application of electron accelerator in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Danu, Sugiarto [National Nuclear Energy Agency, Center for Research and Development of Isotopes and Radiation Technology, Jakarta (Indonesia)

    2003-02-01

    The use of electron accelerator in Indonesia for research and development, radiation services, commercial purposes and potential application in the future is described. A pilot plant for radiation curing technology particularly for wood surface coating using low energy electron accelerator (300 keV, 50 mA; installed in 1984) and a EBM GJ 2 (2 MeV, 10 mA, installed in 1994) for R and D of crosslinking process such as wire and cable and heat shrinkable tube and sheets in Center for Research and Development of Isotopes and Radiation Technology, Jakarta, and also a low energy electron accelerator (installed in 1998) in a private company, PT Gajah Tunggai, are being mainly used. Their performances are presented with activities achieved in the fields of wood surface coating, vulcanization of natural rubber latex, grafting of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), radiation sterilization, degradation of cellulose and, as promising applications, radiation curing for composite production and uses for environmental preservation are introduced. (S. Ohno)

  4. Influence of Investment and Labour on Agriculture Sector Economy of South Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Yunani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to describe the development of investment and employment in South Kalimantan and to analyze the effect of investment and employment in the agricultural sector to GDP in South Kalimantan. This research is a quantitative study by conducting data collection at the Central Bureau of Statistics South Kalimantan Province pertaininglabour and the economy GDP Data and at Bappeda South Kalimantan and BKPMD (Investment Coordinating Board South Kalimantan related PMA and PMD data investments as well as data from the Investment Credit Bank Indonesia Banjarmasin.The results showed that the province of South Kalimantan economy during the year 2002-2011grow positively. The condition is mainly supported by a number of industries (which are labour intensive and the number of people working in agriculture, trade, and mining. However, no significant investment to GDP of Agriculture Sector in South Kalimantan was observed. Labour is still positive but not significant effect on GDP of Agriculture Sector. Taken together investment and employment significantly influence GDP of Agriculture Sector in South Kalimantan, though only 61.5% of the dependent variable explained by the independent variable, while the remaining 38.5% was explained by outside the regression model. It was suggested that the governments of South Kalimantan Province should do efforts to improve the quality of the labour force (i.e., by the local government. The role of the investment must also be adapted to the spirit of regional autonomy and should be encouraged to increase investment conducive situation, mapping the potential area and the establishment of integrated services in the unit for easy service creation and investment business license in order to avoid mistakes in investing and avoid systematic risks.

  5. Traditional spices of Dayak Kenyah society in East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SITI SUSIARTI

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The diversity of plant in Indonesia is high, including variety of spices, which have been known by Indonesian society since long time ago. Several very popular plants are clove (Syzygium aromaticum, pepper (Piper nigrum, cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanii, and nutmeg (Myristica fragrans. Variety of spices has connection with cultures. In each region and society, they have a special spices in their traditional food. The research was conducted in villages in Pujungan district and other places in East Kalimantan Province and commonly Dayak Kenyah society. The methods used for this study was by interviewing of local society and direct observation in the fields where plant spices occurred. The results indicated that traditional Dayak in East Kalimantan used bekai (Albertisia papuana Becc., payang aka (Hodgsonia macrocarpa (Bl. Cogn., payang kurek (Aleurites moluccana (L. Willd., payang kayu (Pangium edule Reinw., payang lengu (Ricinus communis L., and payang salap (Sumbaviopsis albicans (Blume J.J.Sm. for preparing their food with certain method.

  6. The Kalimantan Border Oil Palm Mega-project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wakker, E. [AIDEnvironment, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2006-04-15

    A few years ago, the Indonesian government and sections of the palm oil industry united in the Indonesian Palm Oil Commission (IPOC) to undertake efforts to restore the atrocious public image that the palm oil industry had earned abroad for its role in the demise of Indonesia's tropical rainforests, the massive forest fires and haze in 1997-1998, and for the widespread conflicts between plantation companies and local communities. If IPOC succeeded in restoring the palm oil industry's image abroad, it was shattered again after June 2005 when the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture revealed details of a government plan to develop the world's largest oil palm plantation in a 5-10 kilometer band along the border of Kalimantan and Malaysia. To finance the USD 567 million plantation project, the Indonesian President and Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN) had already met up with the Chinese government and private sector several times, resulting in Memoranda of Understanding between (among other) the Artha Graha and Sinar Mas groups from Indonesia and the Chinese CITIC group and Chinese Development Bank (CDB). The oil palm mega-project, launched in Indonesia under the banner of 'bringing prosperity, security and environmental protection to the Kalimantan border area', turned sour when a business plan developed by the Indonesian State Plantation Corporation (PTPN) began to circulate. This document contained a map that showed beyond doubt how the 1.8 million hectare oil palm project would trash the primary forests of three National Parks, cut through rugged slopes and mountains utterly unsuitable for oil palm cultivation and annihilate the customary rights land of the indigenous Dayak communities in the border area. This report describes what has come of the Kalimantan border oil palm mega-plan since it was announced, who is involved and what research, lobby and campaigning has led to so far. In particular, this study aims to inform civil

  7. KONFLIK AGRARIA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Zuber

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article describe agrarian conflict in Indonesia. Until this moment many agrarian conflict are happen in Papua, Java, Kalimantan and Sumatera. This conflict consist many interests and there isn’t equity policy to society are following this conflict. The implication the agrarian conflict become latent conflict. It usually make huge damage in society and nation.

  8. The Development of Electronic Payment System for Universities in Indonesia: On Resolving Key Success Factors

    CERN Document Server

    Moertini, Veronica S; Kemit, Hery M; Saputro, Nico

    2011-01-01

    It is known that IT projects are high-risk. To achieve project success, the strategies to avoid and reduce risks must be designed meticulously and implemented accordingly. This paper presents methods for avoiding and reducing risks throughout the development of an information system, specifically electronic payment system to handle tuition in the universities in Indonesia. The university policies, regulations and system models are design in such a way to resolve the project key success factors. By implementing the proposed methods, the system has been successfully developed and currently operated. The research is conducted in Parahyangan Catholic University, Bandung, Indonesia.

  9. ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL SIGNATURE RULE IN THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE LAW OF INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Irna Nurhayati

    2015-01-01

    The Indonesian legislature has enacted the Information and Electronic Transaction Bill (the Bill) in 2003, in which digital signature as a technology specific electronic (e) commerce has been promoted. The promotion of digital signature is still problematic, since there is an uncertainty whether Indonesia can develop well a required viable technology of digital signature. Moreover, there is a gap between the actual use of digital signature and the projections of future utilization of digital ...

  10. Can traditional forest management protect and conserve ironwood (ulin) stands? An option and approach in East Kalimantan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wahyuni, Tien

    2011-01-01

    Commercial demand is the driving force behind the destruction of ironwood, locally called ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. and Binn.) in Kalimantan, Indonesia. This tree species is perceived as a ‘people’s species’ or a ‘species reserved’ for local use in the village subsistence systems. However,

  11. Pengajaran Bahasa Arab di Pondok Pesantren Salafiyah Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rais Abdullah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Arabic Language, as the language of Islam religion, and also the language of the Holy Quran, obtaining a privileged position in the heart of Indonesians, especially Muslims. Due to its privileged position, the Arabic language was able to survive from its extinction since its appearance in Indonesia until now. Unfortunately, the privileged position of Arabic language is not directly proportional to its fate in various educational institutions in Indonesia, especially in East Kalimantan. The Arabic language teaching in those institutions faces very complex problems especially the lack of an integrated curriculum that can be relied upon to fulfill the needs of teaching Arabic language to non- Arabs with a better method. The current curriculum is the curriculum that does not have comprehensive programs and is not accompanied with modern teaching methods. While at the Teaching and Learning Activities stage, teaching the Arabic language is not supported by professional and competent teachers. This study aims to analyze and evaluate approaches used in teaching Arabic at some boarding school in East Kalimantan viewed from the perspective of the curriculum and methods of teaching Arabic to non- Arabs.

  12. ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL SIGNATURE RULE IN THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE LAW OF INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irna Nurhayati

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian legislature has enacted the Information and Electronic Transaction Bill (the Bill in 2003, in which digital signature as a technology specific electronic (e commerce has been promoted. The promotion of digital signature is still problematic, since there is an uncertainty whether Indonesia can develop well a required viable technology of digital signature. Moreover, there is a gap between the actual use of digital signature and the projections of future utilization of digital signature by interested parties on e-commerce. This paper will discuss the reason of the Indonesian legislature promotes digital signature. It will then analyse the gap between the actual use of digital signature and the projections of future utilization of digital signature by interested parties on e-commerce. This paper will finally argue whether the promotion of digital signature of the Bill is useful for the growth of e-commerce in Indonesia.

  13. KERAGAMAN FENOTIPE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK DAN GENOTIPE IKAN GABUS (Channa striata DARI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA SELATAN, DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irin Iriana Kusmini

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ikan gabus di Indonesia awalnya hanya terdapat di Barat garis Wallace (Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan yang kemudian diintroduksi ke Indonesia bagian Timur. Ikan gabus termasuk ke dalam deretan ikan air tawar sebagai sumber daya genetik untuk menunjang diversifikasi usaha budidaya. Guna menyukseskan program diversifikasi tersebut, maka perlu diketahui keragaman genetik ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan Tengah agar dapat direkomendasikan sebagai dasar pemuliaan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis keragaman dan kekerabatan antara populasi ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan tengah. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan analisis fenotipe terhadap 16 ekor ikan sampel dari masing-masing daerah tersebut, sedangkan untuk analisis keragaman genotipe masing-masing digunakan 10 ekor ikan dari setiap daerah. Analisis tersebut dilakukan melalui truss morfometrik dan RAPD dengan primer OPA-10, OPA-11, dan OPA-15. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keragaman berdasarkan truss morfometrik dan hasil PCR ikan gabus asal Sumatera Selatan lebih tinggi dibandingkan Kalimantan Tengah dan Jawa Barat. Kekerabatan ikan gabus Kalimantan Tengah lebih dekat dengan ikan gabus Sumatera Selatan dibandingkan dengan ikan gabus Jawa Barat. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan sebagai informasi untuk pertimbangan dalam program pemuliaan.

  14. Can Electronic Procurement Improve Infrastructure Provision? Evidence From Public Works in India and Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sean Lewis-Faupel; Yusuf Neggers; Olken, Benjamin A.; Rohini Pande

    2014-01-01

    Poorly functioning, and often corrupt, public procurement procedures are widely faulted for the low quality of infrastructure provision in developing countries. Can electronic procurement (e-procurement), which reduces both the cost of acquiring tender information and personal interaction between bidders and procurement officials, ameliorate these problems? In this paper we develop a unique micro-dataset on public works procurement from two fast-growing economies, India and Indonesia, and use...

  15. A BRIEF STUDY ON THE MUSICAL PERFORMANCE OF TINGKILAN FROM EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fl. Sudiran

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Komunikasi dan kontak perorangan antara pedagang dari Timur Tengah/Padang Pasir dan Indonesia pada waktu yang lampau selama beberapa dekade membuat mereka berkolaborasi, misalnya, di bidang sosial, ekonomi, budaya, pertahanan, keamanan, dan lain-lain. Peralatan musik ini adalah gambus, maruas (percussion. Semua lagu, musik, dan tari mempunyai gaya keislaman. Yang paling terkenal di Kalimantan Timur adalah Tingkilan yang mengiringi tari Jepen.Tingkilan dipentaskan pada waktu pesta. Pengaruh agama Islam sangat kuat dalam musik ini.

  16. A BRIEF STUDY ON THE MUSICAL PERFORMANCE OF TINGKILAN FROM EAST KALIMANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Fl. Sudiran

    2006-01-01

    Komunikasi dan kontak perorangan antara pedagang dari Timur Tengah/Padang Pasir dan Indonesia pada waktu yang lampau selama beberapa dekade membuat mereka berkolaborasi, misalnya, di bidang sosial, ekonomi, budaya, pertahanan, keamanan, dan lain-lain. Peralatan musik ini adalah gambus, maruas (percussion). Semua lagu, musik, dan tari mempunyai gaya keislaman. Yang paling terkenal di Kalimantan Timur adalah Tingkilan yang mengiringi tari Jepen.Tingkilan dipentaskan pada waktu pesta. Pengaruh a...

  17. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  18. STRATEGI PEMBANGUNAN KAWASAN PERBATASAN KALIMANTAN BARAT – SARAWAK DALAM KONTEKS PENGUATAN KETAHANAN NASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Lukman

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The border of Indonesia and neighbouring state region ever peep out very complex strategic issues of economic life, political, social, cultural, law enforcement, defence and security state. It’s free Island of Simpadan and Ligitan to hand of Malaysia and Ambalat conflict are represent the real example of small part of the strategic issue becoming threat factual to sovereignty of Indonesia state. Special particularly in region border of West Kalimantan and Sarawak (East Malaysia which is very loaded with the left behind problem, poorness and various tranasional crime. In consequence needed a correct development strategy to its eliminate so that created a strong national resilience in that area.

  19. PENGGUNAAN TANAMAN SEBAGAI OBAT DI DAERAH SULAWESI SELATAN DAN KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Dzulkarnain

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available To know the use of traditional drugs in East Kalimantan and South Sulawesi which are still in use, a study was done in both areas in 1989. Using a questionnaire as basis an exploration is done by senior students in pharmacy and senior students of the medical school, with the supervision of the local health service and experts from the National Institute of Health Research and Development. The study was done in La Bempa and Batu Besi in South Sulawesi and Tenggarong in East Kalimantan. In the final report of the study no information is exposed on the drug components of traditional prescriptions. Prescriptions used in the ailments suffered in the last 2 weeks, were catagorized and analized. In East Kalimantan 58 prescriptions were recorded and 113 prescriptions in South Sulawesi. In East Kalimantan 86% of them consists of single components and 14% consists of more than one components. In South Sulawesi 65% of the prescriptions consists of single components and 35% of them consists of more than one.Sixty percents of the prescriptions in East Kalimantan are used orally and 31% locally. In South Sulawesi 24% of the prescriptions are used orally and 64% used locally. The genus of some plants in both areas are not common in general and needs identification. In East Kalimantan 65% of the plants and in South Sulawesi 56% of the plants used are registered in TOGA list (TOGA list = a list of plants officially recommended to be planted in the surrounding gardens of houses, to be used as dmgs.A registration and inventarisation of traditional drugs in other parts in Indonesia is necessary.

  20. PERISTIWA MANGKOK MERAH DI KALIMANTAN BARAT TAHUN 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Superman Superman

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The involvement of a handful of Chinese society in the political movement around 1963 in West Kalimantan is an interesting thing to study. They assembled in PGRS-Paraku organization which was originally an opposition movement to launch “Ganyang  Malaysia”. But when the political map in Indonesia changed, PGRS-Paraku later declared a forbidden organization to be suppressed. This gave rise to a great conflict between Dayak and Chinese Communists. The Chinese that not a communist in land face of the impact. They had evacuated to safe places, especially in Singkawang. This incident resulted in the refugees have to start their lives over again due to leave their lives in the inland is sufficient before.

  1. Anatomical descriptions of silicified woods from Madagascar and Indonesia by scanning electron microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Chul Jong; Kim, Ki Woo

    2008-10-01

    Fine structure and tissue substitution by minerals were investigated in silicified woods from Madagascar and Indonesia by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis. The silicified woods maintained the exterior morphology of once grown trees and showed typical inner structures of conifers. Radial planes of the silicified wood from Madagascar revealed tracheids as a major component of the axial system in the secondary xylem. Tracheids were mainly characterized by numerous bordered pits where a thickening in the middle (torus) was surrounded with the membrane (margo). The torus appeared to contrast with the fibrillar network of the margo. As a component of the axial system in the secondary phloem, sieve elements were found to have many sieve pores that were filled with seemingly crystalline materials. To correlate the colors of the silicified wood from Indonesia with elemental composition, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry was employed in this study. Silicon was present as a basic component of the silicified wood. Calcium and iron were detected from red-colored regions, whereas magnesium was found in blue-colored regions. These results suggest that tissues of silicified woods had been substituted by minerals over the past period, while retaining the inherent morphology of the tree species. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis could be applied to unravel structural details and composition of plant fossils in palaeobotany.

  2. Mini Review: Innovation technology cultivaion of Citrus Tangerines Borneo Prima in East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AFRILIA TRI WIDYAWATI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Widyawati AT, Nurbani. 2017. Mini Review: Innovation technology cultivaion of Citrus Tangerines Borneo Prima in East Kalimantan. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon 3: 127-131. The demand for high-value commodities such as oranges continues to increase every year. One of the qualities of orange that can not be met by domestic manufacturers is the color of a citrus peel. Most consumers like citrus orange, like mandarin oranges and other citrus imports. Efforts to reduce the national citrus imports is to improve the productivity and quality of citrus orange in Indonesia. Citrus Tangerines Borneo Prima is one of the featured horticultural commodities in East Kalimantan, which has the advantage of being low lying tangerine with orange rind. It Is indispensable citrus cultivation technique is good and right, so that the citrus plant can develop optimally so that later can produce citrus fruit both in quality and quantity.

  3. 印度尼西亚西加里曼丹省吉打邦县马拉乌铅锌矿床地质特征%Geologic characteristics of the Marau lead-Zinc ore deposit in Ketapang of Kalimantan Province,Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚仲友; 杨献忠; 赵牧华; 袁平峰

    2011-01-01

    The Marau deposit is a newly discovered lead-zinc ore deposit in Ketapang of Kalimantan Province in Indonesia.The deposit is distinctly controlled by fissures in the Mesozoic-Cenozoic volcanics.The hanging wall of the deposit is formed of pyritized carbargilites,and the bottom wall of chalcedonized silicalites.The ore bodies show pinnate,vein and lenticular shapes.The main wall rock alterations of the deposit are silication,argillization and chloritization.The mineral assemblages are complex and are composed of galena,sphalerite,pyrite,pyrrhotite,chalcopyrite,bornite,stibnite,gold,electrum and argentite.Basing on the analyses of mineral assemblages and chemical compositions of ores,it is clarified that the ore bodies obviously show a zonation in both horizontal and vertical directions,indicating that the formation of the deposit is related to the hydrothermal alteration,caused by intrusion(injection) of subvolcanic rocks,and the hydrothermal solution is derived from late calc-alkaline volcanic rock formations.%马拉乌铅锌矿床为印度尼西亚西加里曼丹(Kalimantan)省吉打邦县近年来发现的铅锌银矿床。该矿矿体顶板为黄铁矿化含碳质泥砂岩,矿体底板为玉髓状硅质岩。矿体呈侧羽状、脉状及透镜状。矿区通常发育的蚀变有硅化、泥化和绿泥石化等。主要矿物组合有方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿、黄铜矿、斑铜矿、辉锑矿以及自然金、银金矿、辉银矿等,通过对矿石组构等综合分析,表明该矿床的成因是岩浆期后热液充填交代矿床。

  4. REVIEW: The Diversity of Indigenous Honey Bee Species of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOESILAWATI HADISOESILO

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been known that Indonesia has the most diverse honey bee species in the world. At least five out of nine species of honey bees are native to Indonesia namely Apis andreniformis, A. dorsata, A. cerana, A. koschevnikovi, and A. nigrocincta. One species, A. florea, although it was claimed to be a species native to Indonesia, it is still debatable whether it is really found in Indonesia or not. The new species, A. nuluensis, which is found in Sabah, Borneo is likely to be found in Kalimantan but it has not confirmed yet. This paper discusses briefly the differences among those native honey bees.

  5. Callyspongia (Euplacella) biru spec. nov. (Porifera: Demospongiae: Haplosclerida) from Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogd, de N.J.

    2004-01-01

    A new sponge species Callyspongia (Euplacella) biru spec. nov. is described from various locations within Indonesia (NE Bali, SW & NE Sulawesi and NE Kalimantan). The species is assigned to the subgenus Euplacella of the genus Callyspongia because it has brushes of spicules on the nodes of its doubl

  6. Geographical Assessment of Rickettsioses in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widjaja, Susana; Williams, Maya; Winoto, Imelda; Farzeli, Arik; Stoops, Craig A; Barbara, Kathryn A; Richards, Allen L; Blair, Patrick J

    2016-01-01

    To expand the documentation of rickettsioses in Indonesia, we conducted an ectoparasite and small mammal investigation involving four major islands: Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Kalimantan. Coastal and highland regions on each island surveyed were chosen to represent different ecologies in Indonesia. Indication of the presence of Rickettsia spp. was evident in all areas sampled. Typhus group rickettsiae-specific antibodies had significantly higher prevalence among small mammals captured in Java compared to the other islands surveyed (78% in coastal and 50% in highland regions) and the prevalence of spotted fever group rickettsiae-specific antibodies was significantly higher in Kalimantan than the other islands investigated. Hosts and vectors were restricted by Rickettsia spp. but not by coastal or highland regions. Our findings expand the range in which rickettsial pathogens have been documented within the Indonesian archipelago and point to a significant risk to human health.

  7. MAKANAN TABU DI BARITO KUALA KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadang Sukandar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem. As consequences, pregnant mother, lactating mother and children do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status. The objectives of this study are 1 to identify taboo foods, 2 to identify reasons of taboo food and 3 to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training on food and nutrition.  Study was conducted in Barito Kuala South Kalimantan from December 2005 to November 2006. A sample of size 36 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 180. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had many food taboo were pregnant woman group and lactating mother group. There are 7 taboo foods for pregnant woman and 11 taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ice, twin banana, young coconut, coconut water, young pineapple and fish. Some taboo foods for lactating mother are egg, fresh fish, fish, sugar, salt, jackfruit, fat food, hot food, etc. After attending training, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped  that their knowledge can reduce their believe of the food taboo.  Keywords: taboo food, food intake, nutrition knowledge.

  8. Konservasi Hutan Partisipatif Melalui REDD+ (Studi Kasus Kalimantan Tengah Sebagai Provinsi Percontohan REDD+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Agung Wicaksono

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available One of mitigating climate change is through REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. REDD+ mechanism chosen as an alternative that offers a new concept of forest conservation with economic incentives on the amount of carbon that can be kept in line with a forest or peatland sustainability. Central Kalimantan province to initiate the implementation of REDD+ schemes designated as the pilot province for REDD+ implementation in Indonesia. With the implementation of REDD+ is expected to be the frontline in maintaining forest conservation. That way, the benefits instead of the forests, but also the empowerment of forest communities.

  9. Result of Six Local Upland Rice Cultivars of East Kalimantan at Different Plant Spacing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Rusdiansyah

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to evaluate the response of six upland rice cultivars from East Kalimantan over different plant spacing. The experiment was conducted at Kutai Kartanegara district in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The experimental design used was the factorial experiment in Randomized Completely Block Design (RCDB with three replications. The first factor was six upland rice cultivars of East Kalimantan, i.e.: v1 (Mayas Pancing, v2 (Gedagai, v3 (Bogor Putih, v4 (Mayas Putih, v5 (Serai and v6 (Kunyit. The second factor was plant spacing i.e.: j1 (20 x 20 cm and j2 (30 x 30 cm. The results showed that among the six cultivars, Gedagai, Bogor Putih and Kunyit produced higher yield than other varieties.  Gedagai and Bogor Putih cultivars produced higher yield of 2.99 ton ha-1 at plant spacing 20 x 20 cm, whereas Kunyit produced higher yield of 2.66 ton ha-1 at plant spacing 30 x 30 cm. The agronomic characters showed that plant height of the six cultivars differed significantly at harvest time. In addition, highly significant differences of harvest time were observed of the six cultivars.Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12777/ijse.4.2.2013.66-68

  10. Tertiary facies architecture in the Kutai Basin, Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Steve J.; Chambers, John L. C.

    1999-04-01

    The Kutai Basin occupies an area of extensive accommodation generated by Tertiary extension of an economic basement of mixed continental/oceanic affinity. The underlying crust to the basin is proposed here to be Jurassic and Cretaceous in age and is composed of ophiolitic units overlain by a younger Cretaceous turbidite fan, sourced from Indochina. A near complete Tertiary sedimentary section from Eocene to Recent is present within the Kutai Basin; much of it is exposed at the surface as a result of the Miocene and younger tectonic processes. Integration of geological and geophysical surface and subsurface data-sets has resulted in re-interpretation of the original facies distributions, relationships and arrangement of Tertiary sediments in the Kutai Basin. Although much lithostratigraphic terminology exists for the area, existing formation names can be reconciled with a simple model explaining the progressive tectonic evolution of the basin and illustrating the resulting depositional environments and their arrangements within the basin. The basin was initiated in the Middle Eocene in conjunction with rifting and likely sea floor spreading in the Makassar Straits. This produced a series of discrete fault-bounded depocentres in some parts of the basin, followed by sag phase sedimentation in response to thermal relaxation. Discrete Eocene depocentres have highly variable sedimentary fills depending upon position with respect to sediment source and palaeo water depths and geometries of the half-graben. This contrasts strongly with the more regionally uniform sedimentary styles that followed in the latter part of the Eocene and the Oligocene. Tectonic uplift documented along the southern and northern basin margins and related subsidence of the Lower Kutai Basin occurred during the Late Oligocene. This subsidence is associated with significant volumes of high-level andesitic-dacitic intrusive and associated volcanic rocks. Volcanism and uplift of the basin margins resulted in the supply of considerable volumes of material eastwards. During the Miocene, basin fill continued, with an overall regressive style of sedimentation, interrupted by periods of tectonic inversion throughout the Miocene to Pliocene.

  11. Optimising land use in Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suwarno, Aritta

    2016-01-01

    The rising global population has increased the demand for food, renewable energy and other materials. Yet at the same time to meet this demand requires land and the amount of available land is finite. Considering the importance of land and ecosystems in providing benefits for human, I conducted four

  12. A canopy observation platform in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leighton, Mark; Thomas, Barry

    1980-01-01

    Tropical biologists are often frustrated in their attempts to study plants, animals, and climate in the forest canopy because of the difficulty of access to this region 20-50 meters high. This problem can be overcome by the use of free-standing towers (Pasoh, Malaya; Barro Colorado Island, Panama) o

  13. Complex emergencies in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradt, D A; Drummond, C M; Richman, M

    2001-01-01

    Recently, Indonesia has experienced six major provincial, civil, armed conflicts. Underlying causes include the transmigration policy, sectarian disputes, the Asian economic crisis, fall of authoritarian rule, and a backlash against civil and military abuses. The public health impact involves the displacement nationwide of > 1.2 million persons. Violence in the Malukus, Timor, and Kalimantan has sparked the greatest population movements such that five provinces in Indonesia each now harbor > 100,000 internally displaced persons. With a background of government instability, hyperinflation, macroeconomic collapse, and elusive political solutions, these civil armed conflicts are ripe for persistence as complex emergencies. Indonesia has made substantial progress in domestic disaster management with the establishment of central administrative authority, strategic planning, and training programs. Nevertheless, the Indonesian experience reveals recurrent issues in international humanitarian health assistance. Clinical care remains complicated by absences of treatment protocols, inappropriate drug use, high procedural complication rates, and variable referral practices. Epidemiological surveillance remains complicated by unsettled clinical case definitions, non-standardized case management of diseases with epidemic potential, variable outbreak management protocols, and inadequate epidemiological analytic capacity. International donor support has been semi-selective, insufficient, and late. The militia murders of three UN staff in West Timor prompted the withdrawal of UN international staff from West Timor for nearly a year to date. Re-establishing rules of engagement for humanitarian health workers must address security, public health, and clinical threats.

  14. Mapping Ecosystem Services for Land Use Planning, the Case of Central Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    2014-07-01

    Indonesia is subject to rapid land use change. One of the main causes for the conversion of land is the rapid expansion of the oil palm sector. Land use change involves a progressive loss of forest cover, with major impacts on biodiversity and global CO2 emissions. Ecosystem services have been proposed as a concept that would facilitate the identification of sustainable land management options, however, the scale of land conversion and its spatial diversity pose particular challenges in Indonesia. The objective of this paper is to analyze how ecosystem services can be mapped at the provincial scale, focusing on Central Kalimantan, and to examine how ecosystem services maps can be used for a land use planning. Central Kalimantan is subject to rapid deforestation including the loss of peatland forests and the provincial still lacks a comprehensive land use plan. We examine how seven key ecosystem services can be mapped and modeled at the provincial scale, using a variety of models, and how large scale ecosystem services maps can support the identification of options for sustainable expansion of palm oil production.

  15. Mapping ecosystem services for land use planning, the case of Central Kalimantan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumarga, Elham; Hein, Lars

    2014-07-01

    Indonesia is subject to rapid land use change. One of the main causes for the conversion of land is the rapid expansion of the oil palm sector. Land use change involves a progressive loss of forest cover, with major impacts on biodiversity and global CO2 emissions. Ecosystem services have been proposed as a concept that would facilitate the identification of sustainable land management options, however, the scale of land conversion and its spatial diversity pose particular challenges in Indonesia. The objective of this paper is to analyze how ecosystem services can be mapped at the provincial scale, focusing on Central Kalimantan, and to examine how ecosystem services maps can be used for a land use planning. Central Kalimantan is subject to rapid deforestation including the loss of peatland forests and the provincial still lacks a comprehensive land use plan. We examine how seven key ecosystem services can be mapped and modeled at the provincial scale, using a variety of models, and how large scale ecosystem services maps can support the identification of options for sustainable expansion of palm oil production.

  16. Aircraft measurements of ozone, NOx, CO, and aerosol concentrations in biomass burning smoke over Indonesia and Australia in October 1997: Depleted ozone layer at low altitude over Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsutsumi, Yukitomo; Sawa, Yousuke; Makino, Yukio; Jensen, Jørgen B.; Gras, John L.; Ryan, Brian F.; Diharto, Sri; Harjanto, Hery

    The 1997 El Niño unfolded as one of the most sever El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events in this century and it coincided with massive biomass burning in the equatorial western Pacific region. To assess the influence on the atmosphere, aircraft observations of trace gases and aerosol were conducted over Kalimantan in Indonesia and Australia. Over Kalimantan in Indonesia, high concentrations of O3, NOx, CO, and aerosols were observed during the flight. Although the aerosol and NOx decreased with altitude, the O3 had the maximum concentration (80.5 ppbv) in the middle layer of the smoke haze and recorded very low concentrations (˜20 ppbv) in the lower smoke layer. This feature was not observed in the Australian smoke. We proposed several hypotheses for the low O3 concentration at low levels over Kalimantan. The most likely are lack of solar radiation and losses at the surface of aerosol particles.

  17. The language attitude of border peoples Insular Riau, West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, and the Eastern Sunda Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dendy Sugono

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at describing (1 the language use of border area societies (Insular Riau, West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Sulawesi, and the Eastern Sunda Islands in terms of local language (BD, Indonesian (BI, and foreign language (BA in the domains of family, society, and occupation, (2 language activity of border area societies relating to news observation, language attention, and language constraints in mass media, (3 language attitude of border area societies towards BD, BI, and BA. The findings are as follows. First, within the family and society at large, BD is more frequently used than BI and BA. This shows that BD functions in non-formal situations. In the professional field, however, BI is more frequently used than BD. Second, people in border provinces widely observe mass media, whether printed or electronic. They also often pay attention to the language the mass media uses. Third, border societies have a positive attitude towards BD as is shown (agree/totally agree by the answers to eight questions relating to BD. The language attitude of border societies towards BI is positive based on the answers (agree/totally agree to seven questions concerning BI. This also means that BI is prestigious for border people, especially in formal communication. The language attitude of border societies towards BA is mixed. In as far as it is negative it implies a positive evaluation of BD and BI because people appreciate them as part of their local and national identities.

  18. Coal fires in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitehouse, Alfred E.; Mulyana, Asep A.S. [Office of Surface Mining/Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Coal Fire Project, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Agency for Training and Education, Jl. Gatot Subroto, Kav. 49, Jakarta 12950 (Indonesia)

    2004-07-12

    Indonesia's fire and haze problem is increasingly being ascribed to large-scale forest conversion and land clearing activities making way for pulpwood, rubber and oil palm plantations. Fire is the cheapest tool available to small holders and plantation owners to reduce vegetation cover and prepare and fertilize extremely poor soils. Fires that escaped from agricultural burns have ravaged East Kalimantan forests on the island of Borneo during extreme drought periods in 1982-1983, 1987, 1991, 1994 and 1997-1998. Estimates based on satellite data and ground observations are that more than five million hectares were burned in East Kalimantan during the 1997/1998 dry season. Not only were the economic losses and ecological damage from these surface fires enormous, they ignited coal seams exposed at the ground surface along their outcrops.Coal fires now threaten Indonesia's shrinking ecological resources in Kutai National Park and Sungai Wain Nature Reserve. Sungai Wain has one of the last areas of unburned primary rainforest in the Balikpapan-Samarinda area with an extremely rich biodiversity. Although fires in 1997/1998 damaged nearly 50% of this Reserve and ignited 76 coal fires, it remains the most valuable water catchment area in the region and it has been used as a reintroduction site for the endangered orangutan. The Office of Surface Mining provided Indonesia with the capability to take quick action on coal fires that presented threats to public health and safety, infrastructure or the environment. The US Department of State's Southeast Asia Environmental Protection Initiative through the US Agency for International Development funded the project. Technical assistance and training transferred skills in coal fire management through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource's Training Agency to the regional offices; giving the regions the long-term capability to manage coal fires. Funding was also included to extinguish coal fires as

  19. Learning in adaptive collaborative management of community forests: Lessons from Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yasmi, Y.; Kusumanto, Y.

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes CIFOR¿s experiences in implementing ACM research in two sites in Indonesia; East Kalimantan and Jambi. The focus of this paper is on how joint (or social) learning is designed, implemented and institutionalized in every stage of the research. The methodology of the research was

  20. ISLAM AND BUGIS IN WEST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patmawati Patmawati

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Bugis people generally have tough character because of maritime and competitive traditions, as well as sufferings as a result of the colonialism. They also strongly uphold their honor. In West Kalimantan, the Bugis are also identical with Islam. The history of the arrival of the Bugis people in West Kalimantan can be traced, at least, to three stages which will be covered in this paper, namely in 1667 during the Treaty of Bungaya, and in late1946 through early 1947 when there was mass murder where 40,000 people were killed, and in 1950 when there was a revolt of DII/TII led by KaharMuzakkar. A year later, the migration happened because they were looking for a job as a civil servant (PNS. The role of the Bugis in the spread of Islam in West Kalimantan is known through education conducted by To-Panrita, To-Sugi, To-Warani, dan To-Sulasena.

  1. PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN ANTAR KABUPATEN DI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TUTIK YULIANI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketimpangan pembangunan dan  pendapatan  antar Kabupaten di Kalimantan Timur serta membuktikan apakah Hipotesis U terbalik berlaku di Propinsi Kalimantan Timur. Untuk mengetahui seberapa besar ketimpangan pendapatan digunakan Indeks Williamson dan Indeks Entropi Theil,.Berdasarkan indeks Wiliamson menunjukkan bahwa selama tahun 2010 sampai dengan 2012 terdapat ketimpangan pembanguan antar kabupaten di Kalimantan Timur sebesar 0.69 di tahun 2010 menjadi 0.72 di tahun 2012. Sedangkan dari hitungan Entropi Theil menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata selama tahun 2010 sampai dengan 2012 terdapat ketimpangan pendapatan sebesar 17.45. Setelah dilakukan analisis Kuznets menunjukkan bahwa di Kalimantan Timur selama tahun 2010 sampai dengan 2012 berlaku hukum Kuznets.This study aims to find out the development and income inequality inter regency in East Kalimantan and prove whether the inverted U hypothesis applied in the East Kalimantan. To find out how much income inequality, the writer used Williamson and Theil's Entropy Index. Based on Williamson index, it indicates that there is income inequality inter regency in East Kalimantan during 2010 to 2012, at 0.69 in 2010 to 0.72 in 2012. Whereas Entropy Theil calculation shows that on average during 2010 to 2012, there was income inequality by 17.45. Meanwhile, Kuznets analysis shows that Kuznets law applied in East Kalimantan during 2010 to 2012.

  2. Improving Former Shifted Cultivation Land Using Wetland Cultivation in Kapuas District, Central Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyudi Wahyudi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Degraded forest area in Kalimantan could be caused by shifted cultivation activity that be conducted by local peoples in the surrounding forest areas. Efforts to improve the former shifted cultivation area (non productive land is developing the settled cultivation by use of irrigation system, better paddy seed, land processing, fertilizing, spraying pesticide, weeding, and better acces to the market. Local peoples, especially in Kalimantan, has been depended their food on the shifted cultivation pattern since the long time ago. This tradition could cause forest damage, forest fire, forest degradation, deforestation, and lose out of children education because they were following shifted cultivation activity although its space is very far from their home. This research was aimed to improve former shifted cultivation lands using wetland cultivation in order to improve land productivity and to support food security in the local community. This research was administratively located in Tanjung Rendan Village, Kapuas Hulu Sub-Ddistrict, Kapuas District, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Data of rice yield from settled cultivation and shifted cultivation were got from 15 households that was taking by random at 2010 to 2011. Homogeneity test, analysis of variants, and least significant different (LSD test using SPSS 15.0 for Windows. Result of this research showed that paddy yield at settled cultivation was significantly different and better than shifted cultivation at 0.05 level. LSD test also indicated that all paddy yields from settled cultivation were significantly different compare to shifted cultivation at the 0.05 level. The community in Tanjung Rendan Villages preferred settled cultivation than shifted cultivation, especially due to higher paddy production. Profit for settled cultivation was IDR10.95 million ha-1, meanwhile profit for shifted cultivation was just IDR 2.81 million ha-1 only. Settled cultivation pattern could to improve

  3. PENGARUH JARINGAN PERDAGANGAN GLOBAL PADA STRUKTUR WILAYAH DAN KONFIGURASI SPASIAL PUSAT PEMERINTAHAN KESULTANAN-KESULTANAN MELAYU DI KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uray Fery Andi

    2017-06-01

    Hindu-Buddha, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi Nasional, Jakarta Damayanti, R., dan Handinoto. (2005. Kawasan “pusat kota” dalam perkembangan sejarah perkotaan di Jawa.Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur, 33 (1,34 – 42. De Graaf, H.J. & Pigeaud, T.H. (1989. Kerajaan Islam Pertama di Jawa: Tinjauan Sejarah Politik Abad XV dan XVI. Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti dan KITLV. Dick, HW & Rimmer, PJ, 1998: Beyond the third world city: the new urban geography of South-east Asia’, Urban Studies, vol. 35, no. 12, Enthoven, J. J. . (2013Sejarah dan Geografi Daerah Sungai Kapuas Kalimantan Barat, Terjemahan Bijdragen Tot De Geographie van Borneo’s Wester-Afdeeling 1905. (P. O. C. Yeri, Ed. (1st ed., Pontianak, Institut Dayakologi. Groat, L., & Wang, D. (2002. Architectural Research Method. Canada: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Lindblad, J. T. (2012. Antara Dayak dan Belanda, Sejarah Ekonomi Kalimantan Timur dan Kalimantan Selatan 1880-1942 (1st ed.. Jakarta: KITLV-Jakarta. Leur, J. C. van. (1967. Indonesia Trade and Society: Essays in Asian Social and Economic History, The Hague, The Hague: W. Van Hoeve Publishers. Lombard, D. (2005. Nusa Jawa Silang Budaya, - Buku I, II, & III. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Lontaan, J.U. (1975. Sejarah, Hukum Adat, dan Adat Istiadat Kalimantan-Barat. Pontianak: Pilindo. Manguin, P. (2014. Sifat Amorf Politi-politi Pesisir Asia Tenggara Kepulauan. In P. Manguin (Ed., Kedatuan Sriwijaya (Kedua, p. 315. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu. Rahman, Ansar. (2000. Perspektif Berdirinya Kota Pontianak. Pontianak: Tanpa Penerbit.Groat, L., & Wang, D. (2002. Architectural Research Method. Canada: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Lombard, D. (2005. Nusa Jawa Silang Budaya, - Buku I, II, & III. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Manguin, P. (2014. Sifat Amorf Politi-politi Pesisir Asia Tenggara Kepulauan. In P. Manguin (Ed., Kedatuan Sriwijaya (Kedua, p. 315. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu. Reid, A. (2011. Asia Tenggara Dalam Kurun Niaga 1450-1680, Jilid 2: Jaringan

  4. Techno-economic Assessment of Coal to SNG Power Plant in Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riezqa Andika

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available As the most abundant and widely distributed fossil fuel, coal has become a key component of energy sources in worldwide. However, air pollutants from coal power plants contribute carbon dioxide emissions. Therefore, understanding how to taking care coal in industrial point of view is important. This paper focused on the feasibility study, including process design and simulation, of a coal to SNG power plant in Kalimantan in order to fulfill its electricity demand. In 2019, it is estimated that Kalimantan will need 2446 MW of electricity and it reaches 2518 MW in 2024. This study allows a thorough evaluation both in technology and commercial point of view. The data for the model is gathered through literature survey from government institution reports and academic papers. Aspen HYSYS is used for modelling the power plant consists of two blocks which are SNG production block and power block. The economic evaluation is vary depends on the pay-back period, capital and operational cost which are coal price, and electricity cost. The results of this study can be used as support tool for energy development plan as well as policy-making in Indonesia.

  5. Orchids inventory in Sintang Regency, West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ESTI ENDAH ARIYANTI

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Orchid is one of ornamental plants which have commercial value. Therefore most species are becoming threatened or even endangered because of over exploitation. In addition, its natural habitat is also decreasing. Conservation must be done urgently, both by in situ and ex situ conservation, which can be started by orchid inventory. The orchid inventory was done in TWA Bukit Kelam, TWA Baning and several places in Regency of Sintang, West Kalimantan. The result showed that there were 40 species belonged to 27 genera, which 32 species of them (20 genera were epiphytic orchids and 8 species (7 genera were terrestrial orchids.

  6. Identifikasi Fusarium dan Nematoda Parasitik yang Berasosiasi dengan Penyakit Kuning Lada di Kalimantan Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryanti Suryanti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Pepper (Piper nigrum, known as the “King of Spices” is one of the most important spices. In the international market, Indonesian pepper has high selling value, due to its flavor characteristics. Pepper yellowing disease is one of the most important disease that caused the decrease of pepper production and become the main problem in the cultivation of pepper in West Kalimantan. This research was conducted to determine the major causal agent of leaf yellowing disease of pepper. The Fusarium associated with diseased plant were isolated from the symptomatic plant and nematodes were isolated from the root with leaf yellowing symptom. The Fusarium isolates were cultured on agar medium, and the nematode was cultured on tomato plant. From diseased pepper in West Kalimantan, it was isolated 4 Fusarium isolates and plant parasitic nematode Meloidogyne. The result showed that H isolate of Fusarium was the most virulent isolate and identified asFusarium solani. The Meloidogyne was identified by the female perenial patern.The nematode was identified as Meloidogyne incognita. INTISARI Lada (Piper nigrum L. merupakan salah satu jenis rempah penting yang telah dikenal sebagai “King of Spices”. Di pasar internasional, lada Indonesia mempunyai daya jual tinggi karena cita rasanya yang khas. Salah satu kendala dalam budidaya lada adalah adanya penyakit kuning lada dan sampai saat ini menjadi masalah utama pada pertanaman lada di Kalimantan Barat. Informasi tentang patogen utama yang berinteraksi dengan penyakit kuning lada masih sangat terbatas, sehingga penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi patogen utama yang berasosiasi dengan penyakit kuning lada. Isolasi Fusarium dilakukan dari batang lada dan isolasi nematoda dilakukan dari akar lada yang bergejala penyakit kuning di Kalimantan Barat. Fusarium hasil isolasi dikulturkan dalam medium agar, sedangkan nematoda hasil isolasi dikulturkan dalam akar tomat. Dari hasil isolasi berhasil didapatkan

  7. Tracing the depositional history of Kalimantan diamonds by zircon provenance and diamond morphology studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kueter, Nico; Soesilo, Joko; Fedortchouk, Yana; Nestola, Fabrizio; Belluco, Lorenzo; Troch, Juliana; Wälle, Markus; Guillong, Marcel; Von Quadt, Albrecht; Driesner, Thomas

    2016-11-01

    Diamonds in alluvial deposits in Southeast Asia are not accompanied by indicator minerals suggesting primary kimberlite or lamproite sources. The Meratus Mountains in Southeast Borneo (Province Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia) provide the largest known deposit of these so-called "headless" diamond deposits. Proposals for the origin of Kalimantan diamonds include the adjacent Meratus ophiolite complex, ultra-high pressure (UHP) metamorphic terranes, obducted subcontinental lithospheric mantle and undiscovered kimberlite-type sources. Here we report results from detailed sediment provenance analysis of diamond-bearing Quaternary river channel material and from representative outcrops of the oldest known formations within the Alino Group, including the diamond-bearing Campanian-Maastrichtian Manunggul Formation. Optical examination of surfaces of diamonds collected from artisanal miners in the Meratus area (247 stones) and in West Borneo (Sanggau Area, Province Kalimantan Barat; 85 stones) points toward a classical kimberlite-type source for the majority of these diamonds. Some of the diamonds host mineral inclusions suitable for deep single-crystal X-ray diffraction investigation. We determined the depth of formation of two olivines, one coesite and one peridotitic garnet inclusion. Pressure of formation estimates for the peridotitic garnet at independently derived temperatures of 930-1250 °C are between 4.8 and 6.0 GPa. Sediment provenance analysis includes petrography coupled to analyses of detrital garnet and glaucophane. The compositions of these key minerals do not indicate kimberlite-derived material. By analyzing almost 1400 zircons for trace element concentrations with laser ablation ICP-MS (LA-ICP-MS) we tested the mineral's potential as an alternative kimberlite indicator. The screening ultimately resulted in a small subset of ten zircons with a kimberlitic affinity. Subsequent U-Pb dating resulting in Cretaceous ages plus a detailed chemical reflection make

  8. KEJADIAN ISPA DAN PNEUMONIA AKIBAT KEBAKARAN HUTAN DI KABUPATEN PULANG PISAU PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sukana

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Land and forest fires is a familiar phenomenon in some parts of Indonesia, particularly Sumatera and Kalimantan Island. This phenomenon developes into a form of disasters that has an impact on people's life. Catastrophic events smoke caused by forest fires happened several times in Indonesia. Smoke could influence very negative impact on public health such as Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI and pneumonia. The purpose of research conducted in 2011 was to analyse the impact of forest fires on the incidence of ARI and pneumonia in Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan. Using a cross-sectional study design, data analysis was done descriptively, to describe the trend of ARI and pneumonia during 2004-2011 in the district. The results showed that in Pulang Pisau District for seven years (2004-2011, the incidence of ARI was fluctuated in each year, but the highest in December, such as in 2005 and 2008 the incidence of ARI reached 21,65 per 1000 population and 35,58 per 1000 population respectively. The incidence of pneumonia among ≤ 5 years old varied, the highest incidence in 2004 occurred  in March (0,35, 2006 in July (0,51, 2007 in March (0,55 and 2008 in January (0,42 respectively.  The highest hotspot in 2004 occurred in October (962, 2005 in September (270 and 2011 in August (316 respectively. As a conclusion, the impact of smoke from forest fires on health could be respiratory infection especially for high risk groups. Probably, there was a relationship of ARI and pneumonia with quality of the air in the study area.

  9. FILOGENETIK POPULASI UDANG JERBUNG (Fenneropenaeus merguiensis de Man DI INDONESIA BERDASARKAN SEKUENS 16S-rRNA DNA MITOKONDRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eni Kusrini

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan kekerabatan stok udang jerbung Indonesia sebagai informasi dasar bagi program pemuliaan. Udang jerbung uji berasal dari Pantai Bengkulu, Selat Sunda (Banten, Pantai Cilacap (Jawa Tengah, Selat Lombok (NTB, dan Pontianak (Kalimantan Barat. Amplifikasi PCR dan sekuensing daerah 16S-rRNA DNA mitokondria dilakukan menggunakan primer 5’-CGCCTGTTTAAC-AAAAACAT-3’ dan 5’-CCGGTCTGAACTCAGATCATGT-3’. Hasil analisis homologi susunan nukleotida 16S-rRNA DNA mitokondria menunjukkan bahwa udang jerbung yang digunakan dalam penelitian merupakan Fenneropenaeus merguiensis. Hasil analisis kekerabatan menunjukkan bahwa 5 populasi udang jerbung uji dapat dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok besar, yaitu kelompok Kalimantan Barat dan kelompok Bengkulu-Banten-Jawa Tengah-NTB. Populasi udang jerbung Kalimantan dan Bengkulu masing-masing memiliki sekuens spesifik, yaitu ACTGACT dan C-GAC di terminal 5. Sekuens tersebut mungkin dapat digunakan sebagai penanda dalam program pemuliaan udang jerbung Indonesia. The experiment was conducted to understand the family relationship of banana prawn in Indonesia and to provide basic information for breeding program. Prawns were obtained from Bengkulu Coast, Sunda Strait (Banten, Cilacap Coast (Central Java, Lombok Strait (West Nusa Tenggara, Pontianak Coast (West Kalimantan. PCR amplification and sequencing of 16S-rRNA mitochondrial DNA region were performed using 5’-CGCCTGTTTAAC-AAAAACAT-3’ and 5’-CCGGTCTGAACTCAGATCATGT-3’. Analysis of homology sequences of 16S-rRNA mtDNA showed that banana prawn used in this study was Fenneropenaeus merguiensis. Result of family relationship analysis indicated that five populations of banana prawn can be divided into two groups, i.e. West Kalimantan and Bengkulu-Banten-Central Java-NTB groups. Banana prawns from West Kalimantan and Bengkulu have specific sequences at 5’ terminal, ACTGACT and C-GAC, respectively. Those sequences can

  10. Geodynamical features and geotectonic evolution of Kalimantan and adjacent areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨牧; 彭省临

    2004-01-01

    Kalimantan Island is located in the Southeast Asia continental marginal tectono-magmatic mobile zone in the West Pacific Ocean, where the lithosphere of Earth is one of the most complicated tectonic mobile regions on the Earth since Meso-Cenozoic. Based on the geophysical data of the basement and deep structures, the stress field of mantle flow, the maximum principal stress field and geothermal flux, the crustal nature and geodynamical features of Kalimantan Island and adjacent areas were analyzed. Researches on geotectonic movement and evolution of Kalimantan and adjacent areas show that Southeast Asia continental margin crustobody was formed at about middle-late Triassic. In addition, the geotectonic units of the Kalimantan area were subdivided, and characteristics of their geotectonic evolution were discussed.

  11. ELECTRONIC FUNDS TRANSFER IN MONEY LAUNDERING CRIME: REGULATION NEEDED IN RESPONSE TO MEETING OF TECHNOLOGY AND CRIME IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Go Lisanawati

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Advancements in information technology have affected modern society in numerous areas, including communication, education, commerce, and so on. These advancements have brought incredible benefits; they have also provided opportunities and motivation for various forms of crime. Information technology has also made crime highly profitable. Among the many types of criminal activities, modern technology has allowed money laundering to become an online crime. This new type of crime has raised some legal questions about the capability of national and international regulations in relation to current and upcoming issues. These include finding electronic funds transfer records after the fact, and determining money laundering activity that includes electronic funds transfer. Although Indonesia is an integral member of a community concerned with the interaction between technology and money laundering, it has not provided regulations to deal with the current and upcoming issues involving the crime of electronic money laundering. The increase in the amount of crime indicates the following series of techniques and mechanisms that had been detected in relation to money laundering activity. This research will examine current issues under the light of Indonesian regulations, and will put forward some proposals to close the legal vacuum.

  12. Indonesia and the touch of refinement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, J.; Hoften, S. van; Nickell, R.E.; Horne, D.A. (Anatech Applications, La Jolla, CA (United States))

    1994-01-01

    SGI's Liquids from Coal (LFC) process converts low-rank coals into coal derived liquid (CDL) process derived fuel (PDF). A demonstration plant owned and operated by Encoal Corp. in Gillette, Wyoming has been testing low-rank coal from the US and around the world in an effort to identify opportunities for upgrading subbituminous and lignite coals. East Asia and the Pacific Rim present the most attractive opportunities. Indonesia, in particular has an abundance of low grade coal and a growing demand for electricity. The article reports on results of testing some thirteen different Indonesian coals from South Sumatra and Kalimantan to determine the technical feasibility of LFC processing these coals and presents hypothetical example of an LFC Clean Coal Refinery complex in Indonesia producing both PDF and LFC co-products for export. The article contains some detail of LFC coal evaluation procedures used by SGI. 6 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  13. The Analysis of Management and Timber Trade System of Gelam (Melaleuca cajuputi From Peat Swamp Forest in South Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudi Firmanul Ariffin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Until now the raw material of wood especially Gelam (Melaleuca cajuputi available for supporting the construction of housing and other infrastructures is increasingly large in Indonesia. On the Island of Borneo that partly consists of swamps needs Gelam very large and continuous, particularly for residential development. However, areas of peat swamp forest habitat of this plant from year to year are degradation and shrinkage. This situation is a very big influence on the population of Gelam, while the management and timber trade systems are not well regulated. This study aims to analyze the management and timber trade systems of Gelam particularly in South Kalimantan to provide input to the policy holder in the preservation of Gelam. The method was used a field survey and interviews with traders and policy holders related regulations. The results showed in South Kalimantan the potency of Gelam is only 2,9-7,1 m3/ha and decreasing yearly. Normally Gelam with a diameter <4 cm have been cut down, as well as > 30 cm. These dimensions should not be cut because of <4 cm too young and > 30 cm can be used as seed sources. Gelam derived from peat swamp forest, which mostly comes from the Batola District and some came from Kapuas District of Central Kalimantan. Distributions of Gelam were starting gatherers logging in the forest then sold to small gatherers, next to the large gatherers and distributed to all districts/cities in South Kalimantan, wood processing industries, and some of them were sent to Java. The silviculture system of Gelam was using selective cutting. Classification of wood sizes traded by the diameter divided into 3-4cm, 5-6cm, 7-8cm, 9-10cm, 11-12cm, 13-14cm, 15-19cm and > 20cm to 4m long. Its use consists of a small diameter (3-10cm for foundry building and firewood, while the large diameter (10-20cm for the construction of houses in swampy areas, and waste as well as the stems are bent and deformed used for firewood. Until now Gelam

  14. Agarwood-planted tree inventory in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turjaman, Maman; Hidayat, Asep

    2017-01-01

    Indonesia has as a country that has a high diversity of agarwood-producing trees (APT) species compared to other countries in Asia. Unfortunately, the populations of APT species have declined significantly. The purpose of this study was to record and maps the agarwood-planted trees in Indonesia as a baseline for future management of this species. The questioners were distributed to 31 of provinces in Indonesia. The feedback came from 21 prefectures (67.7%), consisting from 121 regencies (36.6%) those in detail came from 579 district, 1,257 villages and 4,757 farmers group. The major of APT species planted by farmer groups are Aquilaria malaccensis, A. microcarpa, and Gyrinops versteegii. The potency of APT in Indonesia is 3.4 million trees, consisting from 0.2 million tree with DBH > 20 cm and 3.2 million tree with DBH Indonesia is located in Central Kalimantan (24.7%) followed by North Sumatera (17.9%). The prediction of agarwood products and its derivate will be obtained in 2020 with economic value might be reached 1.6 trillion rupiahs if the inoculation technique used the standard procedure recommended by FORDA. These results showed how huge the potential of APT will be developed in the future.

  15. Phylogeography of the current rabies viruses in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dibia, I Nyoman; Sumiarto, Bambang; Susetya, Heru; Putra, Anak Agung Gde; Scott-Orr, Helen; Mahardika, Gusti Ngurah

    2015-01-01

    Rabies is a major fatal zoonotic disease in Indonesia. This study was conducted to determine the recent dynamics of rabies virus (RABV) in various areas and animal species throughout Indonesia. A total of 27 brain samples collected from rabid animals of various species in Bali, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Java, and Flores in 2008 to 2010 were investigated. The cDNA of the nucleoprotein gene from each sample was generated and amplified by one-step reverse transcription-PCR, after which the products were sequenced and analyzed. The symmetric substitution model of a Bayesian stochastic search variable selection extension of the discrete phylogeographic model of the social network was applied in BEAST ver. 1.7.5 software. The spatial dispersal was visualized in Cartographica using Spatial Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Evolutionary Dynamics. We demonstrated inter-island introduction and reintroduction, and dog was found to be the only source of infection of other animals. Ancestors of Indonesian RABVs originated in Java and its descendants were transmitted to Kalimantan, then further to Sumatra, Flores, and Bali. The Flores descendent was subsequently transmitted to Sulawesi and back to Kalimantan. The viruses found in various animal species were transmitted by the dog.

  16. Phylogeography of the current rabies viruses in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dibia, I Nyoman; Sumiarto, Bambang; Susetya, Heru; Putra, Anak Agung Gde; Scott-Orr, Helen

    2015-01-01

    Rabies is a major fatal zoonotic disease in Indonesia. This study was conducted to determine the recent dynamics of rabies virus (RABV) in various areas and animal species throughout Indonesia. A total of 27 brain samples collected from rabid animals of various species in Bali, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Java, and Flores in 2008 to 2010 were investigated. The cDNA of the nucleoprotein gene from each sample was generated and amplified by one-step reverse transcription-PCR, after which the products were sequenced and analyzed. The symmetric substitution model of a Bayesian stochastic search variable selection extension of the discrete phylogeographic model of the social network was applied in BEAST ver. 1.7.5 software. The spatial dispersal was visualized in Cartographica using Spatial Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Evolutionary Dynamics. We demonstrated inter-island introduction and reintroduction, and dog was found to be the only source of infection of other animals. Ancestors of Indonesian RABVs originated in Java and its descendants were transmitted to Kalimantan, then further to Sumatra, Flores, and Bali. The Flores descendent was subsequently transmitted to Sulawesi and back to Kalimantan. The viruses found in various animal species were transmitted by the dog. PMID:25643792

  17. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  18. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  19. Problems in Learning of Electronic Filing at Vocational School in Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutirman; Muhyadi; Surjono, Herman Dwi

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the learning implementation of electronic filing and problems faced by teachers in learning implementing of electronic filing. This study is a descriptive research with qualitative approach. Collecting data used interview and documentation techniques. The research subjects consisted of 29 teachers who teach Filing…

  20. Very high weight ratios of S/K in individual haze particles over Kalimantan during the 1997 Indonesian forest fires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikegami, Miwako; Okada, Kikuo; Zaizen, Yuji; Makino, Yukio; Jensen, Jorgen B.; Gras, John L.; Harjanto, Hery

    The elemental composition of individual aerosol particles of 0.15-3 μm radius, collected over Kalimantan during the 1997 Indonesian forest fire event, was analyzed using a transmission electron microscope equipped with an energy-dispersive X-ray analyzer (EDX). Although 60-90% of the particles collected at altitudes of 1-5 km contained K, they exhibited high weight ratios of S/K with median values of 9-18 independent of particle size. These were much larger than those (median values of 2-4) obtained from the forest fires in northern Australia. The high weight ratios over Kalimantan are considered to be due to the heterogeneous growth of particles through the oxidation of SO 2. In addition to SO 2 from the combustion of forest biomass, SO 2 originating from the combustion of peat below the ground is believed to have been important in producing the high S/K ratios.

  1. ANALISIS PEMASARAN BUAH LOKAL DI KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekawati Ekawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The final objective of this research is the completion of a local fruit marketing model to maintain local fruit products in the domestic market. Hence, the local fruit products always be a favorite product of West Kalimantan community. The specific objective of this research are (1 to identify the local fruit consumer profile, (2 to elaborate the local fruit consumer profile, (3 to identify and elaborate the local fruit consumer behavior, (4 to analyze the factors influencing consumer decision to buy local fruit. This study used descriptive survey method with 400 respondents by random selected method. The data would be analyzed by using multi-attribute models, while the relationship between factors to the consumption decision of local fruit would use rank Spearman correlation. The results stated that the decision to consume both local and imported fruit was more determined by their own decisions than determined by other people opinions. Consumers in Pontianak prefer to choose imported fruit rather than local fruit. In local fruit marketing, sellers had to consider four factors that correlate with the desire of consumers to buy the local fruits, namely: (a taste, (b quality/durability; (c price and (d packaging.

  2. Nature and genesis of Kalimantan diamonds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Chris B.; Bulanova, Galina P.; Kohn, Simon C.; Milledge, H. Judith; Hall, Anne E.; Griffin, Brendan J.; Pearson, D. Graham

    2009-11-01

    The origin of alluvial diamonds from the four main diamond mining districts in Kalimantan was studied through characterisation of their properties, and determination of PT and age of formation of representative collections of diamonds from four localities of the island. The diamonds are mostly colourless, yellow or pale brown, shiny surfaced, dodecahedroids, octahedron/dodecahedroids, and more rarely cube combination forms. They are intensively resorbed. They have surface radiation damage and show abrasion features indicative of fluvial transportation and crustal recycling. The diamonds were polished down to expose internal structures and mineral inclusions. The majority of the diamonds are internally homogeneous or have simple octahedral zonation and show plastic deformation. Analysis by Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy of their N content and aggregation characteristics shows that many diamonds are well-aggregated type IaB implying a long-term, mantle residence time and/or high temperatures of formation. Identified inclusion parageneses are 68% peridotitic and 32% eclogitic. The peridotitic inclusions are represented by olivine, chromite, garnet, orthopyroxene and pentlandite. Olivines (Fo 92-93) belong to the dunite-harzburgite paragenesis, with one at Fo 90 identified as lherzolitic. Chromite inclusions with 65-66 wt.% Cr 2O 3 and 4.2 GPa) are consistent with a paleo-heat flow of 38 to 40 mW/m 2 and derivation from 120 to 160 km depth, i.e. subcontinental mantle lithosphere conditions similar to diamonds from African and Yakutian cratonic situations.

  3. TIPOLOGI RUANG DAN WUJUD ARSITEKTUR MASJID TRADISIONAL KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naimatul Aufa

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available These days, many researches on traditional architecture of South Kalimantan focus merely on traditional settlements and houses. Particularly, the research on places of worship has been conducted in small numbers, and it is sometimes never publicized, especially in scientific magazine or journal. Meanwhile, the construction of some new mosques in South Kalimantan has no longer concerned the local architecture. This research alone aims to attain architecture’s entity as the place of worship for the people of South Kalimantan, especially for Banjarese Tribe as the majority in South Kalimantan. Traditional Banjarese Tribe is known as an islamic tribe. They used to be called Dayak Tribe since they had faith in traditional religions such as animism and dynamism. As Muslim people, they perform their prayers in a place of worship called mesigid (mosque. The research applies the method of case study. Based on the result of field and literature study, the architecture entity of Banjarese’s place of worship has some specific features that are different from other mosques in other regions. From the analyses, it can be concluded that the traditional mosques of South Kalimantan have three kinds of room, which are palataran, praying area, and mihrab (a chamber indicating the direction of Mecca. Palataran is the porch or the terrace surrounding the mosque, while the praying area and mihrab are rectangular. Traditional mosques in South Kalimantan have their own entity which is formed by the plan of praying area and mihrab, as well as their three layered-roof. The roof in these mosques has a sharp angle (60o and an acute angle (20o. Furthermore, the overall entity of the mosque symbolizes hayat tree (Dayak Tribe, and the ornaments (pataka/patala found on the roof top is a symbol of hornbill. Both symbols are the symbols of identity and mythology of Dayak Tribe.

  4. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Krystof Obidzinski; Rubeta Andriani; Heru Komarudin; Agus Andrianto

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari), West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya), and Papua (Boven Digoel) to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, an...

  5. UJI VIABILITAS DAN SKARIFIKASI BENIH BEBERAPA POHON ENDEMIK HUTAN RAWA GAMBUT KALIMANTAN TENGAH Seed Viability Test and Seed Scarification for Specifically Trees of Peat Swamp Forest Central of Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Maimunah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Rehabilitasi hutan gambut di Indonesia mengalami banyak kendala baik secara teknis maupun biologis jenis pohon yang digunakan seperti sifat benih yang rekalsitran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan acuan baku tentang indeks viabilitas benih untuk jenis-jenis yang tumbuh di hutan rawa gambut. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian dasar sebagai penelitian pendahuluan saja untuk bisa dikembangkan lagi dalam penelitian-penelitian lanjutan.Jenis endemik rawa gambut Kalimantan Tengah yang diujikan dalam penelitian ini adalah Tumih (Combretocarpus rotundatus, Pulai rawa (Alstonia pneumatophora, Geronggang rawa(Cratoxylum arborescens dan Galam (Melaleuca leucadendron. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa besarnya indeks viabilitas dipengaruhi oleh tingkat kemasakan buah dan ketepatan cara skarifikasi benihnya. Tumih dan pulai adalah jenis yang direkomendasikan untuk dikembangkan di lahan gambut terdegradasi. Kata kunci : Benih rekalsitran, Indeks viabilitas benih, skarifikasi benih

  6. MODEL KESESUAIAN LOKASI PENGEMBANGAN BUDIDAYA TAMBAK DI KAWASAN PESISIR KABUPATEN PONTIANAK, KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utojo Utojo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini memanfaatkan teknologi Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG untuk menentukan lokasi yang sesuai bagi pengembangan budidaya tambak di Kabupaten Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat. Data sekunder yang diperoleh berupa data iklim, peta Rupabumi Indonesia kawasan Pontianak skala 1:50.000, citra digital ALOS AVNIR-2 dan peta batimetri skala 1:200.000. Data primer diperoleh dengan metode survai di lokasi penelitian yaitu kualitas air dan tanah serta pasang surut. Penentuan stasiun pengamatan dilakukan secara acak dan sistematik. Setiap lokasi pengambilan contoh ditentukan posisi koordinatnya dengan alat Global Positioning System (GPS. Data lapangan (fisika-kimia air dan tanah, data sekunder, dan data citra satelit digital, dianalisis secara spasial dengan metode PATTERN menggunakan SIG. Berdasarkan hasil survai dan evaluasi kesesuaian lokasi budidaya tambak di wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Pontianak seluas 497,077 ha. Pada umumnya yang tergolong sangat sesuai (114,986 ha, cukup sesuai (168,819 ha, tersebar di wilayah pesisir Kecamatan Sungai Pinyuh, Sungai Kunyit, Mempawah Hilir, dan Mempawah Timur, sedangkan yang kurang sesuai (213,272 ha, terdapat di Kecamatan Segedong dan Siantan.  This research used GIS technique to find location suitable to develop sustainable brackhiswater pond in Pontianak Regency, West Kalimantan. Secondary data such as wheather data, Indonesia earth surface map of Pontianak area scale of 1:50,000, ALOS satellite imagery digital data, and navigation map scale 1:200,000 were collected and used. The primary data (water and soil quality and tidal variation were determined during the field survey. Simple systematic random sampling was used to allocate sampling points. Digital Remote Sensing (ALOS data, secondary data, and field data (water quality were analyzed using PATTERN method and Geographical Information System (GIS. Thematic map of the area suitability as the main expected output of the study was created using spatial

  7. Indonesia palm oil production without deforestation and peat conversion by 2050.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afriyanti, Dian; Kroeze, Carolien; Saad, Asmadi

    2016-07-01

    Palm oil is a promising source of cooking oil and biodiesel. The demand for palm oil has been increasing worldwide. However, concerns exist surrounding the environmental and socio-economic sustainability of palm oil production. Indonesia is a major palm oil producing country. We explored scenarios for palm oil production in Indonesia until 2050, focusing on Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua. Our scenarios describe possible trends in crude palm oil production in Indonesia, while considering the demand for cooking oil and biodiesel, the available land for plantations, production capacity (for crude palm oil and fresh fruit bunches) and environmentally restricting conditions. We first assessed past developments in palm oil production. Next, we analysed scenarios for the future. In the past 20years, 95% of the Indonesian oil palm production area was in Sumatra and Kalimantan and was increasingly cultivated in peatlands. Our scenarios for the future indicate that Indonesia can meet a considerable part of the global and Asian demand for palm oil, while avoiding further cultivation of peatlands and forest. By 2050, 264-447Mt crude palm oil may be needed for cooking oil and biodiesel worldwide. In Indonesia, the area that is potentially suitable for oil palm is 17 to 26Mha with a potential production rate of 27-38t fresh fruit bunches/ha, yielding 130-176Mt crude palm oil. Thus Indonesia can meet 39-60% of the international demand. In our scenarios this would be produced in Sumatra (21-26%), Kalimantan (12-16%), and Papua (2%). The potential areas include the current oil palm plantation in mineral lands, but exclude the current oil palm plantations in peatlands.

  8. Policy Options for Effective REDD+ Implementation in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saito-Jensen, Moeko; Sikor, Thomas; Kurniawan, Y.;

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia, which contains the third-largest area of tropical forest in the world, is currently exploring policy options for the effective implementation of REDD+, the global initiative to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. This article analyses the major questions regarding...... the effective distribution of benefits on the basis of three village case studies in Kutai Barat district in the province of East Kalimantan. The case studies demonstrate that companies are unlikely to take up compensation payments for stopping large-scale activities that cause deforestation and forest...

  9. Morphological variation of 20 local rice cultivars of East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FITRI HANDAYANI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Handayani F, Sumarmiyati, Ahmadi NR. 2016. Morphological variation of 20 local rice cultivars of East Kalimantan. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon 3: 88-93. High diversity of local rice is very important in rice breeding program as a gene pool for valuable traits such as resistance to specific disease and tolerance against environmental stresses (Al, Fe, acidity, etc. East Kalimantan is a province which has so many local rice cultivars either lowland, upland or tidal swamp rice. Unfortunately, there is still limited scientific information about local rice genetic diversity in East Kalimantan, whereas it is an important basic information for rice breeding program. The aim of this research was to study the morphological variation of 20 local rice cultivars from some regions in East Kalimantan. The research was conducted at Lempake trial field, Samarinda in April-September 2016. The result showed that the cultivars had variability in morphological characters. Plant profile was medium to high while some tillers were little and very little. The color of lemma and palea was yellowish straw in 17 cultivars while the rest had brown lines in yellowish straw background. Seed length ranged between 7.3-9.6 mm, while seed width ranged between 1.9-3.3 mm, and seed thickness ranged between 1.5-2.1 mm. The shape of the rice grain varied between medium grain (length: width = 2.1-3.0 or long grain (length: width > 3.0.

  10. Report on the FY 1995 basic survey for industrialization related to the survey of overseas geological structure (Pondok Labu East area, Indonesia); 1995 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Indonesia Pondok Labu higashi chiku) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The survey was conducted based on 'Scope of work for detailed coal exploration in the Pondok Labu East area of East Kalimantan Province, Kalimantan, Indonesia' concluded on June 16, 1995 between NEDO and P.T. Tanito Harum which owns the mining right. The area for survey is approximately 10km west of Tenggarong city, the capital of Kabupaten Kutai, East Kalimantan Province which is northeast part of Kalimantan island of Indonesia. The field survey was divided into the geological/boring survey and the survey of conditions for underground mining development and the infrastructure. This survey made it clear that in the underground mining of PDL7A seam, assuming the minable coal reserve to be 6.81 million tons, it is possible to produce raw coal of 0.5 million tons/year by adopting the longwall pick mining. The raw coal is all prepared, and the yield is 80%. Accordingly, the production of product coal is 0.4 million tons/year. Attached were the boring log (JN9-94-0855), physical log (JN9940856), and BIP survey report (JN9940857). (NEDO)

  11. PEMBANGUNAN KAPAL PERIKANAN DI GALANGAN KAPAL TRADISIONAL KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusmilyansari Rusmilyansari

    2016-06-01

    in the traditional shipyard. The study was conducted by Survey. Research conducted shipyard Sewangi Barito Kuala district and village Pagaruyung Tanah Bumbu Regency South Kalimantan. The study was conducted in August through October 2013. Results showed that: ( 1 The level of technology used in the construction of the ship is still relatively low , the equipment used is still using non- electronic equipment ie axes, saws, chisels, pegs, hammer, machetes, bacci, measuring instruments, planers. Only the use of an electric drill workmanship.  The level of technology in the construction of timber ships has not been completed by the calculation of shipping architecture and ship design and construction drawings ; ( 2 type of wood used is Ulin wood, Alaban, Bengkirai, Bungur and Meranti which have a high degree of strength and resistant to attack by marine organisms; ( 3 Stages of development of traditional boats to large ships began with the manufacture of the hull, keel assembly to the deck and transom beam. As for the small boat begins with the manufacture of the vessel tree seedlings. The next stage is good for big ships and small ships are mounting Linggi bow and stern, leather installation vessel up to half the height of the ship, Installation joist left and right, galar installation, installation of ship skin entirely to sheer, sheer installation, flooring installation deck, pemakalan , rig manufacturing of large vessels and final are painting.

  12. EMME (Indonesia)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — EMME is a program specific M&E tool for the Indonesia Mission that is managed by RTI and provides access to project statuses and success stories for the USAID...

  13. POTRET VEKTOR MALARIA DAN FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN SEMBAKUNG KABUPATEN NUNUKAN PROPINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Waris

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The animal resources  infectious diseases, especially malaria and filariasis remains a public health problems, especially in the tropics because the prevalence is quite high. Malaria and filariasis generally invade countries that are developing, including in Indonesia, especially in communities withlow socio-economic in rural areas. Nunukan strategic location in the economic field is relatively favorable for Indonesia, but in the health field area into a region with an epidemiological transition that infectious disease is very high. Some of the potential development into diseases that plague andshowed the higher tendency over the years such as malaria, filariasis, dengue and other infectious diseases. The research was carried out among others to obtain information about the prevalence and the vectors of malaria and filariasis are then used as a material consideration in determining the type and model of malaria prevention and intervention programs filariasis in endemic areas in Nunukan, East Kalimantan, namely District Sembakung. Entomology in malaria research survey in the village of Lubakan Kec. Sembakung in getting An.hyrcanus g and An.barbirostris suspected as vectors of malaria, while the results of parasitological surveys with finger blood preparations obtained positive 97.34% of 188 people suffering frommalaria are examined. Survey research entomologist at the roof of filariasis in the village district. Sembakung in getting suspected mosquito as the vector of filariasis is M.uniformis, M.annulata, M.indiana and Cx.quinquefasciatus while the results of parasitological surveys with blood preparations obtained finger for filariasis, as many as 8 people (3.51% from 288 people who tested positive for Brugia malayi filariasis. The role of various parties are expected to conduct prevention and control of parasitic diseases, not only of health but there is need for cooperation with related agencies such as public employment offices and

  14. A drought-based predictor of recent haze events in western Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Robert D.; Wang, Yonghe; Roswintiarti, Orbita; Guswanto

    Indonesia's fire and haze problem is reviewed, and a model quantifying the relationship between drought and haze from biomass burning in western Indonesia is presented. Visibility observations from weather stations in Sumatra and Kalimantan were used as a haze indicator. The Drought Code component of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System was used as a drought indicator. Using meteorological data from 1994 to 1998, we obtained regional haze and drought signals for western Indonesia. Nonlinear regression analysis was performed between the two signals to obtain a model of haze potential based on the Drought Code. Using the curvature properties of the nonlinear model, we estimated that severe haze is likely above a threshold Drought Code of 388.2. Using this threshold value, we propose four levels of drought that can be used operationally as an early warning tool in managing Indonesia's serious haze problem.

  15. Ecosystem services from a degraded peatland of Central Kalimantan: implications for policy, planning, and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Elizabeth A; Bryan, Bretr A; Meijaard, Erik; Mallawaarachchi, Thilak; Struebig, Matthew; Wilson, Kerrie A

    2015-01-01

    Increasingly, landscapes are managed for multiple objectives to balance social, economic, and environmental goals. The Ex-Mega Rice Project (EMRP) peatland in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia provides a timely example with globally significant development, carbon, and biodiversity concerns. To inform future policy, planning, and management in the EMRP, we quantified and mapped ecosystem service values, assessed their spatial interactions, and evaluated the potential provision of ecosystem services under future land-use scenarios. We focus on key policy-relevant regulating (carbon stocks and the potential for emissions reduction), provisioning (timber, crops from smallholder agriculture, palm oil), and supporting (biodiversity) services. We found that implementation of existing land-use plans has the potential to improve total ecosystem service provision. We identify a number of significant inefficiencies, trade-offs, and unintended outcomes that may arise. For example, the potential development of existing palm oil concessions over one-third of the region may shift smallholder agriculture into low-productivity regions and substantially impact carbon and biodiversity outcomes. While improved management of conservation zones may enhance the protection of carbon stocks, not all biodiversity features will be represented, and there will be a reduction in timber harvesting and agricultural production. This study highlights how ecosystem service analyses can be structured to better inform policy, planning, and management in globally significant but data-poor regions.

  16. Total solar eclipse education for young generation at Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatima, S.; Widyanita; Fahriyah, H.; Rhodiyah, A. K.; Satrya, C. D.; Hilmi, M.; Ramadhania, G. E.; Naufal, L.; Mulki, F. A. M.; Herdiwijaya, D.

    2016-11-01

    The path of Total Solar Eclipse (TSE) on March 9th 2016 passed through several cities in Indonesia and one of them is Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The TSE natural phenomenon provided a special moment and gave unforgettable and lifelong experiences for children who live in Palangkaraya. Some miss-information and a bad impression can be felt by children who do not understand about TSE that causes momentary darkness during totality phase. Therefore we designed a children education programs about the TSE that as follow: (1) socialization about TSE, (2) Popular astronomy seminar, (3) How to observe the Sun? (4) writing competition about TSE and (5) TSE observation. The events were held on March 8th - 9th 2016. More than 200 representatives of elementary school students and teachers throughout Palangkaraya have actively participated. The keynote speaker was an Indonesian expert astronomer with help from alumni of astronomy olympiad in order to provide inspiration for the participants, especially to the students. We conclude that students as young generation of the nation may have more motivation to work in science by direct learning from natural phenomena.

  17. CHEMICAL AND MINERALOGICAL PROPERTIES OF ULTISOLS OF SASAMBA AREA, EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.H. Prasetyo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Ultisols are a major group of marginal soils extensively found in the upland area of Indonesia. To better understand the potential of the Ultisols developed from claystone and sandstone in the Sasamba Integrated Economical Development Area in East Kalimantan, chemical and mineralogical characteristics of 27 Ultisols pedons consisting of 76 topsoil and 118 subsoil samples were investigated. Besides analysis and interpretation of data, relationships of several soil characteristics were constructed using simple regression. The results indicated that Ultisols showed acid to very acid reaction, had low content of organic matter and low base saturation. Soils generally exhibited net negative charge, and the point of zero charge was reached at pH 3.6. Both potential and available phosphates were low, and there was a trend that amorphous aluminum was responsible for phosphate fixation. The low content of exchangeable potassium in topsoil and subsoil indicated a positive correlation with potential potassium. Clay mineral was composed chiefly of kaolinite, with small amounts of illite, vermiculite, and quartz. The domination of kaolinite and low organic matter content causes the soils to have low cation exchange capacity. Soil management in this area should be focused on building up and maintaining soil fertility, and applying appropriate soil conservation techniques to minimize erosion. To obtain sustained productivity, various soil amendments including the use of farm and/or green manure, liming with agricultural lime, and application of rock phosphate and K fertilizers were highly recommended.

  18. Moving in a hierarchized landscape Changing border regimes in Central Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dave Lumenta

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Transnational mobility is a common feature among borderland communities. Central Borneo has been a relatively fluid and open riverine-based socio-cultural and economic space since the arrival of colonial states, without much interference from the establishment of international boundaries on local cross-border mobility practices. This applies to the Kenyah, a cluster of related ethnic groups occupying the Apokayan plateau in East Kalimantan (Indonesia, who are historically an integral part of the socio-cultural and economic fabric throughout the major riverine systems of Sarawak (Malaysia. Despite the relative absence of states, Central Borneo has not escaped the onslaught of social differentiation embedded in nation-state identities. The penetration of Sarawak’s logging industry has brought the terrestrial re-ordering of the Bornean landscape away from the relative egalitarian social order of river basins into hierarchical social relations embedded in capitalistic modes of production. This has brought about the construction of the Kenyah’s visibility as an “Indonesian underclass“ inside Sarawak.

  19. RAGAM GENOTIPE IKAN TENGADAK, Barbonymus schwanenfeldii (Bleeker 1854 PERSILANGAN POPULASI JAWA DAN KALIMANTAN BERDASARKAN RAPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Radona

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka pengelolaan sumber genetik untuk pengembangan budidaya ikan tengadak maka perlu dilakukan evaluasi sumber genetik ikan tengadak asal Jawa dan Kalimantan, serta progeni hibridanya. Analisis genetik dilakukan secara molekuler dengan metode RAPD. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan untuk analisis RAPD sebanyak 10 ekor setiap populasi. Spesimen yang digunakan untuk analisis RAPD adalah sirip untuk induk dan whole body untuk hibrida. Hasil menunjukkan polimorfisme (32,43% dan heterozigositas (0,13 tertinggi terdapat pada ikan tengadak hasil persilangan betina Jawa x jantan Kalimantan, sedangkan yang terendah diperoleh pada persilangan betina Kalimantan x jantan Jawa (polimorfisme: 21,62% dan heterozigositas: 0,10. Berdasarkan dendrogram hubungan kekerabatan interpopulasi ikan tengadak hasil persilangan (betina Kalimantan x jantan Jawa dengan induknya (populasi Jawa dan Kalimantan menggunakan tiga primer RAPD (OPA-08, OPA-09, dan OPC-02 menunjukkan jarak genetik berkisar 0,48. Ikan tengadak betina asal Jawa dan jantan asal Kalimantan potensial meningkatkan keragaman genetik. In order to maintain the genetic sources of tinfoil barb for aquaculture development, it is necessary to evaluate the genetic diversity crossbred results of tinfoil barb from Java and Kalimantan. The genetic assessment was conducted by genotype trails using RAPD methods. The samples used for the analysis of RAPD was as much as 10 individuals. Specimens used for RAPD analysis was a fin for broodstock and whole body for the hybrid fish. The result showed that the highest polymorphism and heterozygosity were found 32.43% and 0.13 in population crossbred of female Java x male Kalimantan. While the lowest polymorphism and heterozygosity were detected on population of f Kalimantan x m  Java (21.62% and 0.10, respectively. Based on the relationship between tinfoil barb hybrid (female Kalimantan x male Java with a both broodstock population using three RAPD primers (OPA-08, OPA-09

  20. ANALISIS ANTROPOLOGI HUKUM TERHADAP PERDAGANGAN LINTAS BATAS DI KALIMANTAN BARAT (UPAYA PENCARIAN MODEL DAN POLA PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermansyah

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to its geographic location bordering directly with neighboring countries, the border in West Kalimantan as the outer limit of the state of Indonesia is one region that has not received attention, especially attention with regard to activities in the economic field. Cross Border Trade and Market in the Border area, for example, is so much economic activity along the border there is a transaction involving the people who come from two different countries and have different legal systems. In the perspective of legal anthropology, it is probably legal system that applies to communities in the border area showed such legal pluralism, if not addressed carefully, it did not rule out the trade problems that occur in communities in the border area will be sticking to the issue between countries, because of differences in existing law. Therefore, efforts to create a model that would be able to accommodate the parties-such as community, nation and state of Indonesia-Malaysia would need to be pursued, so the problem is not a legal issue to drag on the interests of each party.

  1. Rickettsial infections of fleas collected from small mammals on four islands in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbara, Kathryn A; Farzeli, Arik; Ibrahim, Ima N; Antonjaya, Ungke; Yunianto, Andre; Winoto, Imelda; Ester; Perwitasari, Dian; Widjaya, Susana; Richards, Allen L; Williams, Maya; Blair, Patrick J

    2010-11-01

    Ectoparasites were sampled from small mammals collected in West Java, West Sumatra, North Sulawesi, and East Kalimantan, Indonesia, in 2007-2008 and were screened for evidence of infection from bacteria in the Rickettsaceae family. During eight trap nights at eight sites, 208 fleas were collected from 96 of 507 small mammals trapped from four orders (379 Rodentia; 123 Soricomorpha; two Carnivora; three Scandentia). Two species of fleas were collected: Xenopsylla cheopis (n = 204) and Nosopsyllus spp. (n = 4). Among the 208 fleas collected, 171 X. cheopis were removed from rats (Rattus spp.) and 33 X. cheopis from shrews (Suncus murinus). X. cheopis were pooled and tested for DNA from rickettsial agents Rickettsia typhi, Rickettsia felis, and spotted fever group rickettsiae. R. typhi, the agent of murine typhus, was detected in X. cheopis collected from small mammals in West Java and East Kalimantan. R. felis was detected in X. cheopis collected from small mammals in Manado, North Sulawesi. R. felis and spotted fever group rickettsiae were detected in a pool of X. cheopis collected from an animal in East Kalimantan. Sixteen percent of the X. cheopis pools were found positive for Rickettsia spp.; four (10.8%) R. typhi, one (2.7%) R. felis, and one (2.7%) codetection of R. felis and a spotted fever group rickettsia. These data suggest that rickettsial infections remain a threat to human health across Indonesia.

  2. Pembuatan Aplikasi Permainan Pengenalan Provinsi di Indonesia Melalui Game “Adventure Indonesia” Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf Ashari

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah Negara yang luas dan kaya akan keanekaragaman aspek keruangan. Secara administratif menurut UU RI Nomor 20 Tahun 2012 Indonesia tentang pembentukan provinsi Kalimantan Utara yang menjadikan Indonesia terdiri dari 34 Provinsi. Hal ini berdampak terhadap aspek kehidupan terutama pada aspek pendidikan. Pada tingkat sekolah dasar siswa telah diajarkan untuk mengenal wilayah Indonesia. untuk mempermudah siswa sekolah dasar dalam memahami dan mengenal provinsi dibutuhkan suatu aplikasi edukasi yang dapat mengenalkan karakteristik dan nama ibukota dari provinsi di Indonesia oleh karena itu muncul sebuah ide untuk merancang dan membangun aplikasi permainan “Adventure Indonesia” ini diharapkan menjadi sarana permainan tentang pengenalan provinsi di Indonesia. Aplikasi permainan 'Adventure Indonesia' dibuat menggunakan perangkat lunak Unity versi 5. Pengembangan multimedia yang digunakan adalah Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MDLC yang memiliki enam tahap, yaitu tahap konsep (Concept, tahap perancangan (Design, tahap pengumpulan materi (Material Collecting, tahap pembuatan (Assembly, tahap pengujian (testing, dan tahap distribusi (Distribution. Pengujian black-box juga digunakan pada aplikasi ini. Hasil dari penelitian adalah berupa aplikasi permainan “Adventure Indonesia” yang dapat berjalan pada perangkat berbasis android. Aplikasi ini berisi pengenalan karakteristik dan ibukota dari provinsi di Indonesia. Berdasarkan pengujian dengan menggunakan metode black-box, seluruh fungsi yang ada dalam aplikasi permainan telah berhasil dan berjalan sesuai dengan fungsinya masing-masing.

  3. Development of Community Forest in South Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Syahrany Noor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the development of community forests in South Kalimantan and information about the properties and benefits of community forest timber, the hopes community forests timber can be developed into a source of raw materials of natural forest wood substitute that can support the development of the wood processing industry in South Kalimantan. The result showed that Community forest proved to be very useful both for the owner, the community and the environment as well as for the government especially in order to meet the timber supply for local. Until the year 2011 the community forest area that was developed by the government in South Kalimantan has reached 2,895 ha, and the most widely are the Tanah Laut district covering 935 ha. The wood species that developed is sengon, jati, mahoni, karet, petai, akasia, galam, kemiri. The properties of the wood need to be understood and known before the relevant timber used both as a building material or as raw material for the industry, because these properties are basically determining the quality of wood products that will be produced. Technically private community forest wood can be used for building materials, components boat/ship and industrial raw materials.

  4. KELUHAN DAN KEPATUHAN PENDERITA MALARIA TERHADAP PENGOBATAN MALARIA ARTESUNAT-AMODIAKUIN DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Raini

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Drug resistance is one of the global problems, particularly in communicable diseases control including Indonesian malaria elimination program. Since 2004, Artesunate-Amodiaquine (AS+AQ, an Artemisinin based Combination Therapy (ACT, has been used in Indonesia as recommended by the WHO for treatment of acute uncomplicated malaria, replacing of chloroquine resistant antimalarial. Since then, implementation of AS+AQ has never been evaluated. It was reported that AS+AQ coverage was 33,7% because the patients did not comply due to adverse events, and the combination therapy was not a single formulation (fixed-dose. Therefore, there is a need to assess and evaluate the compliance of AS+AQ on subjects malaria treated with AS+AQ at Health Center (Puskesmas sentinel sites in Kalimantan and Sulawesi.  This was a cross-sectional and non intervention observational study. There were 99 malaria subjects participated in this study.  All subjects were treated with 3 days regimen AS+AQ as the national malaria treatment guideline, and they were followed-up on days 3, 7 and 28. Indepth interview was done in several subjects  as informants and staff of puskesmas for knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP of AS+AQ used. Of the 99 malaria subjects evaluated, there were 34 P. falciparum, 36 P. vivax, and 29 mixed infection malaria subjects. Almost all the study subjects (92,9%  completed the therapy. There were 2 subjects withdrawn due to serious adverse event (SAE, 4 subjects were withdrawn because of having severe untolerable adverse events and 1 subject because of lost to follow up. About 84% subjects experienced clinical complaints after AS+AQ administered. Most of the complaints were mild to moderate and tolerable. Overall, the compliance of the 3-day AS+AQ regimen was moderately satisfied. AbstrakResistensi obat merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di dunia, khususnya  dalam pengendalian penyakit menular termasuk program pemberantasan malaria di Indonesia

  5. Potency and Ecological Habitat of Tabat Barito (Ficus deltoidea Jack in Natural Forest, South Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    yudi firmanul arifin

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is rich of medicinal plants, one of which is Tabat Barito (Ficusdeltoidea Jack. The utilization of tabat barito is mainly  for women's health and until now its use continues to increase, especially for traditional medicines, but efforts for cultivation have not been much done. The first step for cultivation is to understand the potential and ecological habitat of this plant. This research was conducted in South Kalimantan, with three villages as the object based on a survey conducted earlier, i.e. the Village of Hamak in Hulu Sungai Selatan District and the Village of Auh and Sungsum in Balangan District. Data was collected using a survey method to create a transect in the areas where Tabat Barito isfound. The results showed Tabat Barito potential  in the two districts is quite rare, between 35 -50 clumps/ha. Tabat Barito was found in open areas in natural forest with elevation of 200-350 m above sea level, humidity of 36-54%, air temperature of 38-43 °C, soil temperature of 25 oC. vegetation found to be associated with Tabat Barito in Hamak Village is sasirihan (Ficussp. and beringin (Ficusbenyamina, while in Auh and Sangsum Village is mali-mali (Leeaindica, beringin (F. benyamina, and jambun (Eugenia sp.. The genus of Ficus is the dominant vegetation and significant association with Tabat Barito. The diversity of vegetation, in the Hamak Village is 1.63 higher than Auh and Sungsum Village of 1.16. The common species found in the two districts that have Tabat Barito of 28.57%.

  6. Fire, Livelihoods, and Environmental Change in the Middle Mahakam Peatlands, East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yayat Ruchiat

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale, recurrent fires in Indonesia in recent decades have caused widespread deforestation and transformation of peatlands, and have contributed to substantial smoke haze and greenhouse-gas pollution. In some areas, local community use of fire for livelihood needs could be a major factor behind the widespread fires. We assessed fire patterns and their causes from the 1980s to the present in the Middle Mahakam peatlands of East Kalimantan. This was achieved through satellite image and GIS analysis, biological and social field surveys, and rapid rural appraisals in the villages. People living in or using the swamps employ fire annually along the waterways and adjacent open floodplains and forests, in conjunction with fishing, agriculture, and other livelihood activities. Local communities perceive that uncontrolled burning does not affect the fish, which is their economic mainstay. Dry and windy conditions, failure of regular livelihoods, new markets for turtles and tree bark, and easing of government quotas for these resources led to more widespread fires in the El Niño periods of 1982–1983 and 1997–1998. Repeated burning ultimately transforms larger and larger areas of peat forest into open floodplains and shallow lakes. Local communities promote the transformation, believing it enhances fishing conditions. Even if the interior forests were kept fire free for a lengthy period, they would likely not fully recover, but these areas were rendered highly fire prone during the last El Niño event in 1997–1998. Another long drought in the near future, coupled with widespread community burning, could cause more severe, long-lasting damage to the peat forests and contribute substantially to regional smoke haze and greenhouse-gas pollution. This paper discusses the scope for resolving the trade-offs between the communities’ perceived benefits of fire use, and national and global environmental concerns arising from peatland burning.

  7. Detection and Characterization of Low Temperature Peat Fires during the 2015 Fire Catastrophe in Indonesia Using a New High-Sensitivity Fire Monitoring Satellite Sensor (FireBird)

    OpenAIRE

    Atwood, Elizabeth C.; Englhart, Sandra; Lorenz, Eckehard; Halle, Winfried; Wiedemann, Werner; Siegert, Florian

    2016-01-01

    Vast and disastrous fires occurred on Borneo during the 2015 dry season, pushing Indonesia into the top five carbon emitting countries. The region was affected by a very strong El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) climate phenomenon, on par with the last severe event in 1997/98. Fire dynamics in Central Kalimantan were investigated using an innovative sensor offering higher sensitivity to a wider range of fire intensities at a finer spatial resolution (160 m) than heretofore available. The sen...

  8. A Study of Carbon Dioxide Emission in Different Types of Peatland Use in Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    Rumbang, Nyahu

    2015-01-01

    Study of carbon dioxide emissions in different types of peatlands use in Central and West Kalimantan has been conducted in January-June 2006 and January-April 2007. The study represents 4 types of land use in Central Kalimantan as treatment: 5 years for chinesse cabbage, 10 years for chinesse cabbage, 5 years for sweet corns, and 10 years for sweet corns. As for the treatments in West Kalimantan, they include corn field, Aloe vera field, oil palm plantation, and rubber plantation. Carbon diox...

  9. Vegetation analyses of Sebangau peat swamp forest, Central Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDI MIRMANTO

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Mirmanto E (2010 Vegetation analyses of Sebangau peat swamp forest, Central Kalimantan. Biodiversitas 11: 82-88. The vegetation analysis study has been made in Sebangau peat-swamp forest, Central Kalimantan. Eight permanent plots of 50-m x 50-m were set-up distribute from close to the river with shallow peat-layer up to the inland with relatively deep peat-layer. Enumeration of trees (GBH > 15 cm was conducted in all of 8 plots. Overall there are 133 species (taxa were recorded within 8 plots belong to 34 families where Dipterocarpaceae, Clusiaceae, Myrtaceae and Sapotaceae were the most dominant family. Out of all species recorded, Combretocarpus rotundatus, Palaquium leiocarpum, Stemonurus scorpioides and Tristania whittiana were the most dominant species. Two community’s types namely Combretocarpus rotundatus-Shorea balangeran community and Palaquium leiocarpum-Eugenia densinervium community were recognized and they distributed in slightly different habitat condition. The sequence of these two communities’ shows significantly related to both distances to river and peat-depth. In addition there was indication the presence of habitat preference among tree species.

  10. The Feasibility of Coffee Industries in West Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Setyo Utomo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of the coffee industry folk as a commercial producer in West Kalimantan. Research conducted descriptive and observation to determine the potential of raw materials, market potential and marketing, availability of technology, and financial feasibility analyzes plant establishment. The results of the study showed that the availability of raw materials such as coffee yields declined every year and its availability on every small community, and not attractive to farmers for commercial cultivation, where plants cannot compete with rubber, palm oil, or other horticultural crops or plantation, so people are reluctant to plant coffee again. Although, the marketing of coffee available on the domestic market, national market and abroad, but the quality of the coffee that is associated with superior taste, aroma, and geography indications is its own advantages, which have not seemed to result from West Kalimantan coffee. Coffee processing technology indicates the readiness of technology for applications, such as the technology to produce coffee of primary and secondary copy. Advice can be given is the cultivation of coffee and wild civet coffee products (Paradoxurus hermaphrodites from Sambas district and fostered intensive note by the local government, in order to have a competitive commercialization opportunities. Local Government should re-establish cultivation techniques and management of coffee farming.

  11. DIVERSITY OF PLANT COMMUNITIES IN SECONDARY SUCCESSION OF IMPERATA GRASSLANDS IN SAMBOJA LESTARI, EAST KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishak Yassir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Regeneration of  Imperata grassland areas is becoming increasingly important, both to create new secondary forest and to recover the original biodiversity. The diversity of  plant communities in secondary succession of  Imperata grasslands was studied using 45 subplots of  9 linear transects (10 m x 100 m. Data was collected and all stems over 10 cm dbh were identified, the Importance Values Index (IVI for all trees were calculated, saplings and seedlings were counted  and analysed, and soil samples were taken and analysed. Results showed that  after more than 10 years of  regeneration, 65 families were encountered consisting of  164 species, which were dominated by Vernonia arborea Buch.-Ham, Vitex pinnata L., Macaranga gigantea (Reichb.f. & Zoll. Muell.Arg., Symplocos crassipes C.B. Clarke, Artocarpus odoratissimus Miq., and Bridelia glauca Blume. The effects of  regeneration, from Imperata grassland to secondary forest, on soil were the strongest in the A-horizon where an increase in carbon, N content, and pH were observed. Our result shows that Imperata grasslands appear to be permanent because of  frequent fires and human interferences and so far few efforts have been made to promote sustainable rehabilitation. If  protected from fire and other disturbances, such as shifting cultivation, Imperata grassland will grow and develop into secondary forest.

  12. Peran Pembina Remaja Bagi Perkembangan Perilaku Remaja Di Gereja Kemah Injil Indonesia Tanjung Selor Kalimantan Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Matheus

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dalam penulisan karya ilmiah ini adalah untuk menemukan sejauh mana peranan seorang pembina remaja bagi perkembangan perilaku remaja.Penulisan karya ilmiah ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dan teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan oleh penulis ialah mengadakan kajian pustaka dengan mengumpulkan data melalui buku-buku dan internet, mengadakan observasi langsung di lapangan dan wawancara kepada objek kajian yaitu para pembina remaja beserta orangtua dan gembala serta pekerja setempat.Adapun kesimpulan karya ilmiah ini adalah peranan seorang pembina remaja dalam perkembangan perilaku remaja yaitu sebagai konselor, sebagai pemimpin yang memiliki visi, sebagai pemimpin rohani, sebagai sahabat, dan sebagai pendoa syafaat. Dengan demikian pembina remaja dapat menghasilkan: Pertama, remaja yang memiliki kualitas pengetahuan firman Tuhan yang baik dan benar sehingga remaja dapat menjalani kehidupan masa remajanya tanpa adanya perubahan perilaku yang menuju pada arah yang negatif. Kedua, dapat dijadikan sebagai acuan yang baik bagi pembina remaja selanjutnya dan dapat mendorong orang tua melakukan hal yang sama pada remaja saat berada dirumah. Ketiga, dapat menumbuhkan rasa percaya diri anak remaja saat mengalami perilaku yang berbeda dan mereka tahu pada siapa dapat mencurahkan masalah yang sedang dihadapinya.Kata Kunci: Peran, Pembina Remaja, Perilaku RemajaThe aim of this article is to explore the extent to which the role of a teen mentor impacts the development of youth behavior.  This work uses qualitative methods.  The author uses a data collection technique, conducting a literature review through gatheringdata from books and the internet, direct field observations, and interviews with research subjects that are all teen mentors, including parents, pastors and local workers. The conclusion of this article is that the role of a youth mentor in the flourishing of adolescent behavior is as a counselor, visionary leader, spiritual leader, friend, and intercessor.  Thus a teen mentor can yield several outcomes: First, teens who possess a good and correct knowledge of the God’s Word, so that they are able to live their teen years without a change in behavior that inclines toward the negative.  Second, a good example for future youth mentors and encouragement for parents to do the same while the teens are in the home.  Third, foster a teen’s self-confidence when they experience different behaviors, as the teen knows they have someone with whom they can share the problems which they are facing.Keywords:  role, teen mentor, teen behavior

  13. Who Benefits from Ecosystem Services? A Case Study for Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suwarno, Aritta; Hein, Lars; Sumarga, Elham

    2015-01-01

    There is increasing experience with the valuation of ecosystem services. However, to date, less attention has been devoted to who is actually benefiting from ecosystem services. This nevertheless is a key issue, in particular, if ecosystem services analysis and valuation is used to support enviro

  14. Sharp bends associated with deep scours in a tropical river: The river Mahakam (East Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, B.; Hoitink, A.J.F.; Berkum, van S.W.; Hidayat, H.

    2014-01-01

    Autogenic scouring in sharp river bends has received ample attention in laboratory and modeling studies. These studies have significantly advanced our understanding of how flow processes are influenced by strong curvature and how they affect the bathymetry. Here we present a 300 km reach of the Maha

  15. Gis-Based Method in Developing Wildfire Risk Model (Case Study in Sasamba, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarunton Boonyanuphap

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Analisis pemetaan lengkap (Cemplete Mapping Analysis yang berbasis sistem informasi geografis (SIG digunakan untuk melakukan pembobotan terhadap nilai “vulnerability” dari faktor-faktor resiko dalam rangka membangun suatu model dan memetakan kelas-kelas resiko kebakaran liar. Ada dua faktor utama, yaitu faktor lingkungan fisik dan aktifitas manusia yang sangat mempengaruhi terjadinya kebakaran hutan. Model yang ditemukan pada saat ini memperlihatkan bahwa kelembaban relatif adalah faktor terpenting diantara faktor lingkungan fisik, sementara jarak terhadap pusat-pusat pemukiman merupakan faktor terpenting diantara faktor aktifitas manusia. Diketahui juga bahwa, terjadinya kebakaran liar lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh faktor aktifitas manusia daripada faktor lingkungan fisik. Pada studi ini, wilayah resiko kebakaran liar dibagi atas 3 kelas, dimana ditemukan bahwa kelas resiko kebakaran tertinggi mendominasi lokasi penelitian, selanjutnya diikuti dengan kelas resiko sedang dan rendah. Berdasarkan hasil verifikasi, model hanya berhasil menduga kelas resiko tinggi yaitu sebesar 76,05%, sementara gagal dalam menduga resiko kebakaran sedang dan rendah (lebih rendah dari 40%.

  16. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN PEMANFAATAN LAHAN RAWA PASANG SURUT DALAM MENDUKUNG PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI BERASDI KALIMANTAN TENGAH (STRATEGIES FOR INCREASING OF TIDAL SWAMPLAND TO SUPPORTINCREASED RICE PRODUCTION IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedy Irwandi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Kalimantan Tengah mempunyai lahan pasang surut 5,9 juta hektar, dan diperkirakan sekitar 0,81 juta hektar sesuai untuk pertanaman padi. Akan tetapi lahan yang sudah dimanfaatkan untuk menghasilkan padi tidak lebih dari 10%. Kendala yang dihadapi dalam pengembangan padi di lahan pasang surut adalah belum tersedianya rekomendasi lengkap teknologi spesifik lokasi. Selama satu dekade terakhir, kontribusi lahan pasang surut terhadap penyediaan beras di Kalimantan Tengah mencapai 30,07%. Peningkatan pemanfaatan lahan pasang surut dapat dilakukan dengan lima strategi, yakni peningkatan produktivitas, peningkatan indeks pertanaman, perluasan areal tanam, pengamanan hasil melalui penggunaan varietas yang toleran, pengelolaan air, pemupukan, pengolahan tanah, pengendalian organisme pengganggu, dan perbaikan aspek sosial ekonomi petani. Abstract Central Kalimantan has tidal swampland around 5.9 million hectare, and estimated that there are around 0.81 million hectare are suitable for rice production, so it has high contribution for rice supplying. However, it is not more than 10% of the lands have been used for rice cultivating. The problems of rice cultivating in tidal swampland is not available yet the comprehensive technology recomendation. In the last one decade, tidal swampland has been contributed to rice supplying in Central Kalimantan around 30,07%. The contribution of tidal swampland on rice supplying in Central Kalimantan can be improve by using of five strategys, consisting of productivity improvement, intensification, extensification, and yield safety through by using of rice variety tolerant, water management, fertilization, soil tillage, pest and diseases control, and improvement of social economic aspect of the farmer.

  17. TAHAPAN KONSTRUKSI RUMAH TRADISIONAL SUKU MELAYU DI KOTA SAMBAS KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zairin Zain

    2014-01-01

    Zain, Zairin. 2013.The Anatomy of Traditional Dwellings: Comparative Study between Malay and Dayak Indigenous Architecture in West Kalimantan. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing/ AV Akademikerverlag GmbH & Co. KG. Saarbrücken. Germany

  18. REVIEW: Species Diversity of Local Fruit Trees in Kalimantan: Problems of Conservation and Its Development

    OpenAIRE

    MUSTAID SIREGAR

    2006-01-01

    The decrease in population of local fruit trees due to the forest destruction in some places in Kalimantan is a worrying trend.The genetic diversity of fruits in Kalimantan has been saved partly through indigenous agroforestry, as species cultivated from generation to generation by indigenous people have created miniature forests in the village agroecosystem. However, there is no doubt that the existence of local fruit trees has been threatened by the introduction of a superior fruit cultivar...

  19. Assessment and mapping of tradeoffs land uses in the Orangutan habitat: A case Pongo pygmeus pygmeus habitat of West Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siregar, P. G.; Supriatna, J.; Koestoer, R. H.; Harmantyo, D.

    2017-07-01

    This study aims to analyse trade-offs among 6 (six) types of dominant land uses to consider Orangutan livelihood and landscape sustainability. The results of this study assists landscape's planners and policy makers for selecting development scenarios as well as policy within the landscape, especially to reduce human and wildlife conflict as impact of development. This study was conducted in Orangutan sub species Pongo pygmeus pygmeus habitat in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Net present value analysis was applied to identify economic profit of land uses and also perspective of expert judgment was applied to identify suitability of the land uses to Orangutan livelihood. The study shows that palm oil plantation was the dominant land use type in non-forest area category and natural forest is in forest area category within the site. Palm oil contributed highest economic profit (average IDR 11 Million per year) compared to other land use types, and thus the worst land use type for supporting Orangutan conservation; index suitability for Orangutan achieved only 21.8. The development of agroforestry which planted more than 3 valuable economic commodities is used as an alternative in forest buffer area development that can provide better gain for economic and Orangutan conservation with index suitability for Orangutan was 43.5. In achieving sustainability at the landscape level, it needs to consider the sustainability of the umbrella species, such as Orangutan. The existence of the umbrella species would also protect other biodiversity, forest and its environmental services.

  20. Human amplification of drought-related biomass burning in Indonesia since 1960

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, R. D.; van der Werf, G. R.; Shen, S. S.; Roswintiarti, O.

    2008-12-01

    Biomass burning in Indonesia is a singularly large source of greenhouse gas emissions at a global scale, with pronounced regional impacts on air quality. Although some fire events have been documented on a case- by-case basis, no continuous record exists prior to 1996, due to the absence of satellite estimates or ground- truthed records of fire extent. Here, we provide a continuous record of severe haze in Indonesia from 1960 to 2006 using the visibility reported at airports, which was found to be an excellent proxy for particulate matter emissions. We used the visibility proxy to show that the haze events in Indonesia were worse, by a factor of five, than extreme periods in cities with the world's worst air quality, and to better understand the underlying climatic and anthropogenic causes of the fire. Large fire events have occurred in Sumatra at least since the 1960s, but in Kalimantan only since the 1980s, despite the occurrence of several severe droughts during 1960- 1980. This difference can be attributed to different patterns of deforestation and population growth, which intensified in Kalimantan only in the 1980s during Indonesia's official program of transmigration. In the presence of intensive land use, there is a non-linear relationship between rainfall and fire, whereby fire events occur only during drought years when rainfall falls below a certain threshold, which we estimated using change-point analysis. Whereas recent fire events have been linked to exclusively El Niño, our long- term record suggests that the Indian Ocean Dipole is equally as, if not more, important a factor. Better understanding of these controls may help to assess future fire risk in Indonesia, which recent studies suggest could increase due to reduced precipitation and accelerated deforestation.

  1. Artesunate-amodiaquine treatment for children with uncomplicated malaria in Kalimantan and Sulawesi: clinical complaints, tolerability and compliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Gitawati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Artesunate–amodiaquine combination (AS+AQ is one type of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT and has been used in Indonesia since 2004 for uncomplicated malaria, both in adults and children. However, its use in the Indonesia Malaria Program has not yet been evaluated. Objective To evaluate the clinical complaints and tolerability to AS+AQ treatment, as well as compliance in children with uncomplicated malaria. Methods This was a cross-sectional study, conducted in sentinel puskesmas (primary health centers in Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Subjects were 126 children aged under 15 years, with P. falciparum, P. vivax, or mixed falciparum-vivax malaria infections. All subjects were treated with a single dose of AS+AQ for three consecutive days and followed-up 3 times (D3, D7 and D28 to record clinical complaints and tolerability after drug administration. Parents/guardians underwent in-depth interviews on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the ACT used as well as clinical complaints following AS+AQ treatment. Results Of the 126 subjects evaluated, 30 were infected with P. falciparum, 59 with P. vivax, and 37 with both species. About 84% of the subjects reported clinical complaints after AS+AQ administration (D0-D2, most commonly lethargy, nausea and vomiting, similar to the clinical symptoms of malaria. All complaints were reported to be mild and tolerable. Oonly one subject was lost to follow-up. Conclusion Clinical complaints experienced by malaria-infected children following AS+AQ treatment were relatively tolerable. Subjects’ compliance to AS+AQ treatment was satisfactory.[Paediatr Indones. 2012;52:10-5].

  2. Control Region-mtDNA heterogeneity of Kalimantan false gharial (Tomistoma schiegelii population: a preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellen Hellen

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The preliminary genetic study on Kalimantan false gharial from the wild was reported. Eleven tail scutes were collected fromeleven individuals that originally consisting of two individuals from Kapuas River, one individual from Sentarum Lake, Jelai River,Mapam River, Perian Lake, and Lamandau River, two individuals from Barito River and three individuals from Mahakam River. PCRamplifying and sequencing 451 nucleotides in average that can be aligned at the same length of control region mitochondrial DNA.Among 11 individuals found eight polymorphic sites that consisted four haplotypes (A, B, C, and D respectively, which is haplotypeA is dominant. Based on phylogenetic tree that constructed by Tamura-Nei parameter, false gharial population in Kalimantan can bedivided into two population groups; there were Central-Eastern Kalimantan population group and Western Kalimantan populationgroup. Based on the hypothesis of landmasses separating between central-eastern Kalimantan and western Kalimantan that known asSchwaner Mountains, the genetic distance D = 1.53% was expected to be equal to 20 million years.

  3. Swamp Buffalo in South Kalimantan : Problem, Disease and Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lily Natalia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, several studies have been carried out to evaluate and investigate the important diseases of swamp buffaloes (Bubalus carabanensis in Kalimantan . More attention has been focused on the case of acute infectious diseases and sudden death in the buffaloes . Fasciolosis black disease, acute enteritis, especially fatal enterotoxaemia haemorrhagic septicaemia . and trypanosomiasis (Surra, are some of the important diseases found in these animals . Black disease caused by toxigenic Clostridium novyi occurs in the presence of the organism in the liver and the degree of liver fluke Fasciola gigantica infestation . In regions where black disease is enzootic, Cl. novvi can be isolated from livers of normal healthy animals . In Hulu Sungai Utara district, South Kalimantan, the prevalence of fasciolosis caused by Fasciola gigantica in swamp buffalo was 77% in 1991 . A gross sudden change in diet due to seasonal changes could induce rumen and intestinal stasis, which provide a favourable environment for the rapid proliferation of commensal toxigenic Clostridium perfringens in the small intestine . Subsequent absorption of the toxin produced through the gut wall and its generalized dissemination culminated in a fatal enterotoxaemia . Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS is an acute, fatal disease affecting swamp buffalo, and caused by Pasteurella multocida B : 2 . The swamp buffalo is particularly susceptible for HS, and the reported greatest losses of swamp buffalo in Kalimantan due to HS is recorded in 1980s. The clinical signs of Surra in swamp buffalo were also found in certain areas in Danau Panggang area . Hulu Sungai Utara district . Vaccination is the accepted method for controlling Black disease, enterotoxaemia and HS. Multi component vaccine, alum adjuvant containing at least 5 types of clostridial toxoids and P. multocida B2 bacterin have been used and provide good protection to the animals . Control and treatment of liver fluke infestation

  4. The impact of e-Procurement practice in Indonesia government: A Preliminary Study (The case of Electronic Procurement Service at Bekasi District)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candra, S.; E Gunawan, F.

    2017-01-01

    In digital economy, government of Indonesia uses the internet to deliver services and to communicate with citizens and organizations. One of applications are e-Procurement and LPSE is a unit to hold the service system of e-Procurement. Procurement of goods and services electronically in addition will increase transparency and accountability, improve market access and healthy competition, as well as improving the efficiency of the procurement process. Based on the background and specific objectives to be achieved, then the research will be viewed from e-Marketplace participation, Trust and its impact on the performance of existing procurement within the institution. Methods of data analysis used in this research is by using analysis of Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) by using the program Partial Least Square (PLS) to examine the relationship between variables. The population used in this study is an enterprise as well as other clients using the system LPSE Bekasi District. There are three part in this study population, namely the provision of a company, customer, and supplier of LPSE users amounted to 60 users. From data analysis, there are one hypothesis that rejected. The implication of this study are implementation of e-procurement and e-marketplace participation giving impact to procurement performance.

  5. IDENTIFIKASI KELAYAKAN LOKASI LAHAN BUDIDAYA RUMPUT LAUT (Eucheuma sp DI PERAIRAN TELUK TAMIANG, KABUPATEN KOTABARU, KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utojo Utojo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Kalimantan selatan memiliki sumber daya lahan perikanan pesisir yang cukup potensial untuk pengembangan budidaya rumput laut, namun demikian belum diperoleh data rinci kelayakanannya

  6. ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN KEBIJAKAN KELUARGA BERENCANA DI JAWA TIMUR, BALI DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Sri Budisuari

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The family of plan program were represent one of the effort protection problem of society where The family of plan program also is shares the in wrought in national development program and aim to to have a share to create economic prosperity, spiritual and cultural social resident of Indonesia, that the reachable good balance which ably the national produce. The national family of plan program in this time, just one from effort family of plan, namely the pregnancy separation with [gift/giving] intrauterine contraception device. The SDKI data 2002-2003 depict that 57% woman of status marry in this time hence contraception way of KB modern, 4% in traditional. Percentage of woman hence contraception storey; level from 50% in year 1991 become 57% in year 1997. Intrauterine device of which at most wear is injection 28%, pill 13%, intrauterine device the Gracious 6%. According to SDKI 1997 proportion drop out participant family of plan discontinuation rate is 24% reason of stop is 10% because side effects/reason of health, 6% because wish the pregnancy again, 3% because failure Intention of analysis. Methods: this analysis to descriptive of 1 to know the execution of serviceThe family of plan program in storey; level sub-province/town era decentralization with the possibility the happening of change of organization chart according to PP 8 year 2003, 2 to know influence of change organization chart BKKBN to service The family of plan program in storey; level province and sub-province. 3 to know the role and function stakeholder in execution policy of service The family of plan program method of research: represent the research eksploratif, which execute [at] 3 province: East Java, bali and Kalimantan Middle. Results: Result of research is execution and influence of service. The family of plan program in storey; level sub-province/town in province East Java, bali and kalimantan Middle, [at] era decentralization with the happening of change

  7. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA DI TAMAN NASIONAL SEBANGAU KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ign. Anung Setyadi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the development strategy of ecotourism in Sebangau National Park (TNS, Central Kalimantan. The purpose of this study was to formulate development strategy of TNS ecotourism. Data processing method was done performed by descriptive analysis (quantitative and qualitative, Exponential Comparative Method determined the prospective ecotourism products and Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA used to identify ecotourism object readiness. Priority of aspects, problems, solutions and strategic were determined by Analytic Network Process (ANP method. The main problem encountered in the development of ecotourism in the TNS were lack of infrastructure and accessibility, as well as convincing the community by the local goverment on the importance of ecotourism. The main solutions for development of ecotourism in the TNS is the provision of infrastructure and accommodation facilities. The results showed that the main strategies is to increase cooperation with stakeholders (networking and increased promotion/information ecotourism products.Keyword: Business Strategy, Eco-Tourism, ANP, Sebangau National Parks

  8. Challenges for control of taeniasis/cysticercosis in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suroso, Thomas; Margono, Sri S; Wandra, Toni; Ito, Akira

    2006-01-01

    Taeniasis/cysticercosis has been reported from several provinces of Indonesia: Papua (=former Irian Jaya), Bali, North Sumatra, East Nusa Tenggara, South East Sulawesi, Lampung, North Sulawesi, Jakarta, West Kalimantan, and East Java. The highest level of endemicity of taeniasis/cysticercosis has been found in Papua. Recent surveys in Jayawijaya District of Papua in 2000 and 2001 showed that 5 of 58 local people (8.6%) harbored the adult tapeworm, Taenia solium, whereas 44 of 96 people (45.8%), 50 of 71 pigs (70.4%), and 7 of 64 local dogs (10.9%) were seropositive for T. solium cysticercosis. Current surveys in Bali and Samosir District, North Sumatra during 2002-2005 revealed that Taenia saginata taeniasis has increased in incidence whereas T. solium cysticercosis is now rather rare compared to one-two decades ago in Bali. Taenia asiatica taeniasis is still common in Samosir District. Data from other provinces of Indonesia are very limited or unavailable. Control of these diseases is not a priority in the health or veterinary services, neither at central or local government levels. However, limited efforts toward control of the diseases have been implemented such as training of health personnel, community education on disease prevention, and provision of anthelminthics. A working group for control of the disease in Indonesia and an international collaboration have been established among Ministry of Health, Indonesia; University of Indonesia; and Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Japan since 1996. Future goals include implementation of active case finding (active surveillance) and treatment of tapeworm carriers, sustainable public health education, establishment of a system to check the quality of beef/pork and determine the distribution of infected animals and strengthening of laboratory capacity. Efforts to motivate provinces and districts should be implemented in developing the strategic plan to control of the disease. Given the considerable differences in

  9. INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY, CUSTOMARY LAW AND MULTICULTURALISME IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenuddin Hudi Prasojo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The awareness of awakening and efforts in reviving the customary law of indigenous communities in Indonesia has been going on for a long time, at least since the end of the reign of the New Order Regime. Customary law as one of the authentic capital of indigenous communities is a reflection of the existence of multicultural principles that have actually existed and been part of the Indonesian society. This work explores the case of cutomary law in West Kalimantan on Katab Kebahan’s practices in Melawi which is potential to be included to the National law. The role of customary law in the life of the multicultural society, like West Kalimantan society, in the modern era should be aligned with the history of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia which was founded by the best children of the nations that agreed to establish a state based on the supremacy of law. Customary law is part of the state law. Therefore, there is s need to think of a proper format for the position and the role of customary law in the Indonesian legal system for the prosperity of society based on equality before the law and justice in accordance with the ideals of the nation. This paper suggests that, as an alternative as to where we might put the position of customary law in a multicultural nation today, we can take the example from patterns made by several countries that have adopted Restorative Justice systems with the main principles that the law is a device to resolve the problems in a just and fair way and with the awareness to return all the problems to the perspective of the law for the common good. Key words: cutomary law, mulitcultural society, restorative, justice

  10. EPA Collaboration with Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indonesia is a key actor in the global environmental arena. In addition to significant ecological resources, Indonesia also has the fourth largest population in the world and the third largest greenhouse gas emissions.

  11. PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKIT-PENYAKIT ZOONOSA NEW, EMERGING DAN RE-EMERGING DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gindo Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Some important zoonotic diseases in Indonesia are Rabies, Plague, Anthrax, Taeniasis/Cysticercosis and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are geographycally distributed in some provinces in Indonesia and each disease have its control program. Other zoonoses which are under intensive surveillance are Toxoplasmosis, Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, bovine Tuberculosis and Haemorrhagic Hanta virosis. These diseases have epidemic potential. Plague known foci are in Boyolali Central Java dan Sleman Yogyakarta. In 1987 after 30 years of dormant period an outbreack of plague occured in Pasuruan, East Java with 48 number of cases and 21 deaths. Intensive surveillance on human, rodent and fleas were conducted in three plague foci. Since 1988 no human case of plague is found in Indonesia eventhough antibody against Y. pestis were found positive in human as well as in rodents. Anthrax is distributed geographycally in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West and East Nusa Tenggara and Timor Timur. Skin and intestinal Anthrax types are to be found in Indonesia. In 1990 on outbreak of anthrax occured in Central Java and 7 out of 98 cases were fatal. Of 154 (27.9% out 553 human sera collected from the provinces of West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North Sumatera and North Sulawesi were found positive against toxoplasmosis during the survey conducted in 1995. From the same provinces 152 (19.2% out of 792 animal sera also were found antibody positive against Toxoplasma gondii. There are about 170 Leptospirosis serotypes known in Indonesia. Leptospirosis is geographycally distributed in Central Java, Yogyakarta, West Java, North Sumatera, Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera, Bengkulu, East Kalimantan. Sporadic outbreaks occured in some provinces related to the lack of washing and drinking water in the dry season. Of 10 (1.8% out 154 serum specimens taken from humans in West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North

  12. PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN PENYAKIT-PENYAKIT ZOONOSA NEW, EMERGING DAN RE-EMERGING DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gindo Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Some important zoonotic diseases in Indonesia are Rabies, Plague, Anthrax, Taeniasis/Cysticercosis and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are geographycally distributed in some provinces in Indonesia and each disease have its control program. Other zoonoses which are under intensive surveillance are Toxoplasmosis, Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, bovine Tuberculosis and Haemorrhagic Hanta virosis. These diseases have epidemic potential. Plague known foci are in Boyolali Central Java dan Sleman Yogyakarta. In 1987 after 30 years of dormant period an outbreack of plague occured in Pasuruan, East Java with 48 number of cases and 21 deaths. Intensive surveillance on human, rodent and fleas were conducted in three plague foci. Since 1988 no human case of plague is found in Indonesia eventhough antibody against Y. pestis were found positive in human as well as in rodents. Anthrax is distributed geographycally in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West and East Nusa Tenggara and Timor Timur. Skin and intestinal Anthrax types are to be found in Indonesia. In 1990 on outbreak of anthrax occured in Central Java and 7 out of 98 cases were fatal. Of 154 (27.9% out 553 human sera collected from the provinces of West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North Sumatera and North Sulawesi were found positive against toxoplasmosis during the survey conducted in 1995. From the same provinces 152 (19.2% out of 792 animal sera also were found antibody positive against Toxoplasma gondii. There are about 170 Leptospirosis serotypes known in Indonesia. Leptospirosis is geographycally distributed in Central Java, Yogyakarta, West Java, North Sumatera, Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera, Bengkulu, East Kalimantan. Sporadic outbreaks occured in some provinces related to the lack of washing and drinking water in the dry season. Of 10 (1.8% out 154 serum specimens taken from humans in West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North

  13. Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Malaria di Indonesia (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rika Mayasari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is still endemic in most areas of Indonesia. Indonesia incluted the eastern part of the high malaria stratification, while Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra are being incluted in the medium stratification. Java and Bali are low endemic even though there are some villages of high endemic. Health status in an area is affected by four factors that are related and influenceach other, namely environmental, behavioral, health services and the off spring factors. Individual risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of malaria infection are age, gender, pregnancy, genetic, nutritional status, activities out of the house at night and contextual risk faktors (environment, seasons, social economy. The purpose of this research was to analyze the risk factors associated with the occurrence of malaria in Indonesia based on the data of basic health research (Riskesdas by 2013. There were 19 individual factors showed significantly with malaria risk. History of insecticide spraying (and use of household insecticides was not significantly associated with malaria risk. The greatest risk factor for malaria infection was the use of mosquito nets of nineteen individual factors there is one factors that was not a risk factor for the occurrence of malaria infection which is the factor home insect repellent/insecticide spraying. The greatest risk factor was the use of mosquito nets (OR = 2.30; 95% CI: 1.28-4.12 while the smallest was the travel time to the midwive services (OR = 0.32; 95% CI: 0.55-0,19.Keywords : Risk Faktors, Malaria, IndonesiaAbstrakMalaria masih endemis di sebagian besar wilayah Indonesia. Indonesia bagian timur masuk dalam stratifikasi malaria tinggi, sementara Kalimantan, Sulawesi dan Sumatera masuk dalam stratifikasi sedang. Daerah Jawa dan Bali masuk dalam stratifikasi rendah, namun masih terdapat desa dengan angka kasus malaria yang tinggi. Status kesehatan disuatu daerah dipengaruhi oleh empat faktor yang berhubungan dan saling

  14. Precipitation-fire linkages in Indonesia (1997-2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanin, Thierry; van der Werf, Guido R.

    2017-09-01

    Over the past decades, fires have burned annually in Indonesia, yet the strength of the fire season is for a large part modulated by the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The two most recent very strong El Niño years were 2015 and 1997. Both years involved high incidences of fire in Indonesia. At present, there is no consistent satellite data stream spanning the full 19-year record, thereby complicating a comparison between these two fire seasons. We have investigated how various fire and precipitation datasets can be merged to better compare the fire dynamics in 1997 and 2015 as well as in intermediary years. We combined nighttime active fire detections from the Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) World Fire Atlas (WFA) available from 1997 until 2012 and the nighttime subset of the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor from 2001 until now. For the overlapping period, MODIS detected about 4 times more fires than ATSR, but this ratio varied spatially. Although the reasons behind this spatial variability remain unclear, the coefficient of determination for the overlapping period was high (R2 = 0. 97, based on monthly data) and allowed for a consistent time series. We then constructed a rainfall time series based on the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP, 1997-2015) and the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission Project (TRMM, 1998-2015). Relations between antecedent rainfall and fire activity were not uniform in Indonesia. In southern Sumatra and Kalimantan, we found that 120 days of rainfall accumulation had the highest coefficient of determination with annual fire intensity. In northern Sumatra, this period was only 30 days. Thresholds of 200 and 305 mm average rainfall accumulation before each active fire were identified to generate a high-incidence fire year in southern Sumatra and southern Kalimantan, respectively. The number of active fires detected in 1997 was 2.2 times higher than in 2015. Assuming the ratio between

  15. The Existence Of Leading Islands Securing And The Border Areas Unitary State Of Indonesia An Analysis In Law Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The research was carried with the aim to discover the existence of securing the foremost islands and state border region of the Republic of Indonesia reviewed from a legal perspective which is directly related to the existence of security and dispute resolution methods as well as the governance of the foremost islands and border region in Kalimantan which bordering Malaysia. This study was conducted in Nunukan district and the surrounding provinces of Kalimantan in this research method that used is normative legal analysis data with juridical and qualitative descriptive approach. The results showed that the security of foremost islands and border region of law perspective in accordance with the Law No. 34 of 2004 regarding the Indonesian National Army has not been implemented to the fullest to realize the security of foremost islands and border region as the frontline of the Republic of Indonesia. The existence of leading islands securing and the border region of the Republic of Indonesia still contain many weaknesses in terms of both governance and security.

  16. STUDI TENTANG PENGELOLAAN KEUANGAN DAERAH PERSPEKTIF PERMENDAGRI NO. 13 TAHUN 2006 PADA PEMERINTAH PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Mukaddas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the authority on financial management of East Kalimantan, analyze the financial management, and identify the regional authority perspective of east Kalimantan as stated in the Regulation of Minister of Home Affairs No. 13 in 2006 as the embodiment of good governance. The data used in this study was in the form of qualitative data which was obtained from the government of East Kalimantan and processed by applying qualitative descriptive analysis method and investigated using explorative approach. The results showed that the process of regional budget preparation of East Kalimantan has fully reflected the aspirations of the local community, the implementation of financial management has been organized effectively and efficiently in accordance with the idea of the Supreme Audit Institution (BPKpresented in the financial statements of East Kalimantan in 2012 which obtained the qualification criteria that meet the expectations. In addition, the province inspectorate board has executed their duty to control the financial management satisfactorily where the testing accountability was completely supported by sufficient evidence and the results of the annual review of financial statements performed by Local Government Agencies (SKPD.

  17. Hotspot sequential pattern visualization in peatland of Sumatera and Kalimantan using shiny framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abriantini, G.; Sitanggang, I. S.; Trisminingsih, R.

    2017-01-01

    Fires on peatland frequently occurred in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Fires on peatland can be identified by hotspot sequential patterns. Sequential pattern mining is one of data mining techniques that can be used to analyse hotspot sequential patterns. Sequential pattern discovery equivalent classes (SPADE) algorithm can be applied to extract hotspot sequential patterns. The objectives of this work are: 1) to obtain hotspot sequential pattern in Sumatra and Kalimantan in 2014 and 2015, and 2) to develop a web based application using Shiny framework that is available in R package for hotspot sequential pattern visualization in peatland of Sumatra and Kalimantan. Hotspot sequential patterns were obtained using minimum support of 0.01 with the focus of analysis is the hotspot sequences with length two or more events. This work generated as many 89 sequences with length 2 or more in Sumatra in 2014, 147 sequences in Sumatra in 2015, 48 sequences in Kalimantan in 2014, and 51 sequences in Kalimantan in 2015. Hotspot sequential patterns are visualized based on peatland’s characteristics, weather, and social economy. The features in this web based application have been tested and the results show that all features work properly according to the test scenario.

  18. Analisis Hubungan Pola Migrasi Penduduk dengan Transportasi Laut (Studi Kasus: Jawa – Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizky Ramadhan Eka Putra

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Transportasi laut yang handal dibutuhkan untuk mengangkut para migran Jawa – Kalimantan karena kondisi geografisnya yang dipisahkan oleh laut. Tetapi pada saat peak time terjadi lonjakan penumpang kapal yang drastis sehingga kapal mengangkut penumpang melebihi kapasitasnya dan melebihi load factor yang diijinkan. Selain itu, terdapat beberapa kapal yang tidak cocok dioperasikan pada rute Jawa – Kalimantan. Tugas Akhir ini menganalisis tentang hubungan pola migrasi penduduk dengan transportasi laut menggunakan metode kuesioner dan analisis regresi logistik biner. Selain itu, di dalam tugas akhir ini juga berisi analisis pangsa pasar perusahaan pelayaran yang melayani rute Jawa – Kalimantan menggunakan Herfindahl-Hirschman Indeks (HHI dan perencanaan transportasi laut untuk migrasi Jawa – Kalimantan menggunakan vehicle routing problem (VRP. Hasil hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat variabel X dan atribut Y yang mempengaruhi jumlah migrasi melalui transportasi laut. Setiap lokasi penelitian menghasilkan variabel X dan atribut Y yang berbeda-beda. Di dalam analisis pangsa pasar menunjukkan PT. Pelni mempunyai pangsa pasar terbesar dan struktur pasar adalah pasar ekonomi monopoli. Pada perencanaan transportasi laut menghasilkan skenario 3.2 sebagai rute dan penugasan kapal yang optimal untuk melayani migrasi penduduk Jawa – Kalimantan beserta tarif yang akan dibebankan kepada para migran.

  19. STRATEGI PEGELOLAAN SUAKA PERIKANAN RAWA BANJIRAN DI SUMATERA DAN KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Djoko Utomo

    2016-10-01

    “Danau lindung Empangau “ (124 ha di Kapuas Hulu Kalimantan Barat terdapat stok ikan 5.700 ekor/ha didominansi oleh ikan Haruan (Channa striata, Entukan (Thynnichthys thynnoides, Biawan (Helostoma temmenckii, Tengadak (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii. Suaka perikanan tipe sungai “Kapak Hulu” (segmen sungai panjang 1 km, lebar 30 m di Lubuk Lamam Sumatera selatan terdapatstok ikan 4 ton didominansi oleh ikan Lais (Kryptopterus kryptopterus, Baung (Hemibagrus nemurus, Palau (Osteochilus hasselti, Lampam (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii. Suaka perikanan “Lubuk Gunung Isam” di Lubuk Lamam Sumatera selatan terdapat stok ikan 2 ton didominansi oleh ikan Tapa (Wallago leeri, Bulu Tulang (Kryptopterus apagon, Baung (Hemibagrus nemurus, Lais (Kryptopterus kryptopterus. Agar supaya suaka perikanan dapat berfungsi dengan baik sehingga mempunyai dampak terhadap masyarakat sekitarnya maka suaka tersebut harus dikelola dengan tepat mulai dari penentuan lokasi yang tepat, sarana prasarana yang diperlukan, serta kelembagaan dan pengawasan. Floodplain waters are strongly influenced by season, drought during dry season and floods in rainy season. There are two groups of fish in the swamp namely the swamp fishgroup (black fish and river fish group (white fish. Based on the type of habitat in the swamp flood, there are several types of fish reserves namely floodplain pool reserve, swamp lake reserve, river segment reserve, and deep pool of the riverreserve. Floodplain pool reserve type:” Suak Buaya Reserve”(0.5 ha in southern Sumatra contained 2 tons of fish stocks dominated by snakehead, kissing gourami, Snakeskin gourami, climbing perches. Swamp lake reserve type: Empangau Lake Reserve (124 ha in West Kalimantan with5.700 fish/ha dominated by Snakehead fish, minnows or carp,kissing gourami, Tinfoil barb. River segment reserve type: “Kapak Hulu Reserve “ (river segment, length =1 km and width =30 m in southern Sumatra contained 4 tons of fish dominated by Sheatfishes, Catfish

  20. MENGAPA TERJADI GROWTH WITHOUT DEVELOPMENT DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudrajad Kuncoro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to examine to what extent growth without development has occured in East Kalimantan (Kaltim? It will use several analyses, in particular regional typology based on economic growth and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP, leading sectors and subsectors, location pattern of those leading sectors and subsectors, and the structural transformation. To analyse the effects of regional autonomy on Kaltim, the data used in this research are divided into two periods: before (1993-2000 and after regional autonomy (2001-2007. By using quantitative-descriptive analyses, our findings find that: first, miningexcavation has persisted to be the major leading sector in Kaltim. Second, leading subsectors in Kaltim comprise forestry, oil and gas, nonoil and gas industry, and wholesale-retail commerce. Third, the leading subsectors tend to despecialize in Kaltim during the implementation of regional autonomy. Fourth, structural transformation does not occur in all kabupaten/kota of Kaltim confirming that Kaltim is a good provincial example for growth without development.

  1. Fire emissions and regional air quality impacts from fires in oil palm, timber, and logging concessions in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlier, Miriam E.; DeFries, Ruth S.; Kim, Patrick S.; Koplitz, Shannon N.; Jacob, Daniel J.; Mickley, Loretta J.; Myers, Samuel S.

    2015-08-01

    Fires associated with agricultural and plantation development in Indonesia impact ecosystem services and release emissions into the atmosphere that degrade regional air quality and contribute to greenhouse gas concentrations. In this study, we estimate the relative contributions of the oil palm, timber (for wood pulp and paper), and logging industries in Sumatra and Kalimantan to land cover change, fire activity, and regional population exposure to smoke concentrations. Concessions for these three industries cover 21% and 49% of the land area in Sumatra and Kalimantan respectively, with the highest overall area in lowlands on mineral soils instead of more carbon-rich peatlands. In 2012, most remaining forest area was located in logging concessions for both islands, and for all combined concessions, there was higher remaining lowland and peatland forest area in Kalimantan (45% and 46%, respectively) versus Sumatra (20% and 27%, respectively). Emissions from all combined concessions comprised 41% of total fire emissions (within and outside of concession boundaries) in Sumatra and 27% in Kalimantan for the 2006 burning season, which had high fire activity relative to decadal emissions. Most fire emissions were observed in concessions located on peatlands and non-forested lowlands, the latter of which could include concessions that are currently under production, cleared in preparation for production, or abandoned lands. For the 2006 burning season, timber concessions from Sumatra (47% of area and 88% of emissions) and oil palm concessions from Kalimantan (33% of area and 67% of emissions) contributed the most to concession-related fire emissions from each island. Although fire emissions from concessions were higher in Kalimantan, emissions from Sumatra contributed 63% of concession-related smoke concentrations for the population-weighted region because fire sources were located closer to population centers. In order to protect regional public health, our results

  2. KINERJA INDUSTRI KAYU LAPIS DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN MENUJU EKOEFISIENSI Performance of Plywood Industry in South Kalimantan Towards Ecoefficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darni Subari

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertuiuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran umum kineria industri lapis di Kalimantan Selatan saat ini.  Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan mengamati data industri kayu lapis di Kalsel saat ini dan detail pengamatan pada 3 (tiga industri, yaitu PT. SST, PT. WTU dan PT. BIC. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa industri kayu lapis umumnva memiliki kesamaan dalam proses dan mesin produksinya. Dari ke 3 industri kayu lapis yang diteliti vang membedakan adalah macam produk dan bahan baku kayunva. Efektifitas mesin dan proses masih cukup tinggi dengan rata-rata efisiensi mesin > 90% dan rendemen rata-rata ± 64%. Dalam penanganan aspek lingkungan, industri kavu lapis mempunyai kesamaan dalam hal penanganan limbahnva.  Penanganan limbah kayu dengan memanfaatkan kembali sebagian limbah kayu sebagai produk blockboard dan sisanva sebagai bahan bakar boiler. Untuk penanganan limbah cair. yaitu menggunakan kolam treatment dengan pencapaian mutu mengacu SK Gubernur Kalsel Nomor 036 tahun 2008 tentang Baku Mutu Limbah Cair bagi Kegiatan Industri dan penanganan limbah debu dengan teknologi penyedot debu dan filter pada cerobong, sehingga emisi memenuhi baku mutu (SK Gubernur Kalsel Nomor 70 tahun 2008 tentang Baku Mutu Emisi. Kata kunci: industri plywood, proses produksi, hasil dan kualitas, limbah cair

  3. Social and Environmental Impacts of Forest Management Certification in Indonesia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela A Miteva

    Full Text Available In response to unsustainable timber production in tropical forest concessions, voluntary forest management certification programs such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC have been introduced to improve environmental, social, and economic performance over existing management practices. However, despite the proliferation of forest certification over the past two decades, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness. Using temporally and spatially explicit village-level data on environmental and socio-economic indicators in Kalimantan (Indonesia, we evaluate the performance of the FSC-certified timber concessions compared to non-certified logging concessions. Employing triple difference matching estimators, we find that between 2000 and 2008 FSC reduced aggregate deforestation by 5 percentage points and the incidence of air pollution by 31%. It had no statistically significant impacts on fire incidence or core areas, but increased forest perforation by 4 km2 on average. In addition, we find that FSC reduced firewood dependence (by 33%, respiratory infections (by 32% and malnutrition (by 1 person on average. By conducting a rigorous statistical evaluation of FSC certification in a biodiversity hotspot such as Indonesia, we provide a reference point and offer methodological and data lessons that could aid the design of ongoing and future evaluations of a potentially critical conservation policy.

  4. Mini Review: Innovation technology cultivation of durio in East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AFRILIA TRI WIDYAWATI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Widyawati AT, Nurbani. 2017. . Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon 3: 132-137. Durian is native of the region where the climate is tropical wet, especially in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. Durian plant species most widely known and cultivated in Indonesia is Durio zibethinus Murr. Improve the quality of fruit production in sufficient quantity to do with the increase in population as well as increasing fruit crop cultivation technology do. In addition to ensuring that products are safe to eat fruit cultivation technology needs to be done in an environmentally responsible in accordance with the SOP (Standard Operating Procedure and the concept of cultivation of GAP (Good Agriculture Practice.

  5. Faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak umur 6-36 bulan di Wilayah Pedalaman Kecamatan Silat Hulu, Kapuas Hulu, Kalimantan Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Wahdah

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: Stunting in children under five is an indicator of nutritional status that can reflect problem of overall social economic condition in the past. Stunting that occurs in childhood is a risk factor of increasing in mortality rate, low cognitive capability and motoric development, and improper physical function. The incidence of stunting is associated with many factors such as family environment (education, occupation, income, rearing pattern, eating pattern, and number of family members, nutritional factors (exclusivebreastfeeding and duration of breastfeeding, genetic factor, infection disease, and the incidence of low birth weight. The scope of stunting in 2010 were 35,6% and 39,7% in Indonesia and Province of Kalimantan Barat.Objectives: To identify the risk factors associated with the incidence of stunting in children of 6-36 months in Silat Hulu District of Kapuas Hulu, Province of Kalimantan Barat.Methods: This was an analytic observational study with cross sectional design. Population of the study were all of underfi ves children at remote area of Subdistrict of Silat Hulu, District of Kapuas Hulu, Province of Kalimantan Barat. Data analysis used chi-square test and logistic regression analysis to identify themost dominantly determinant stunting variable.Results: The incidence of stunting was significantly associated with occupation of mother, height of father, height of mother, income, number of family members, rearing pattern, and exclusive breastfeeding supplementation (p<0.05. The incidence of stunting was not associated with occupation of father, eating pattern, duration of breastfeeding, infection disease, and education of mother (p>0.05.Conclusions: Factors associated with the incidence of stunting were the work of mothers, rearing pattern, family income, number of household members, father’s height, maternal height, and exclusive breastfeeding. The most dominant determinant of risk factors on the

  6. RIJOQ: VOCAL MUSIC OF DAYAK BENUAQ FROM KUTAI, EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Rijoq, a Dayak Benuaq vocal music, has been passed down from generation to generation through oral tradition for hundreds of years. When and how it was founded, developed and preserved in the Dayak community remains questionable. But according to some research done by scholars, Rijoq has its origin from Dayak Bawo, a tribe living in the borderlines between Central, South, and East Kalimantan. Rijoq is normally performed during festivities, such as: initiation, reconciliation, menugal (rice planting and potong kerbau (buffalo slaughtering. Rijoq’s texts have very deep messages which are considered still relevant to today’s life context. On the one hand, it speaks about the horizontal relationship—human beings and their fellows, and human beings and its nature—; and on the other hand, the vertical relationship—human beings with their Creator. The primary concern of doing this research is to preserve Rijoq as written and recorded documents. So far, this research has been successful in notating and recording five kinds of Rijoq, that is Peket Muat Bolupm (working together to build lives, Rijoq Patuk Ajer (advice, Rijoq Natal Tautn Bayuq (Christmas and New Year, Rijoq Isiq Asekng Sookng Bawe (the expression of a man’s feeling who is falling in love with a woman, and Rijoq Lati Tana Orekng Tepa (forests and lands are disappearing and gone. But this paper is not intended to discuss these five kinds of Rijoq. Isiq Asekng Sookng Bawe is chosen as it is the oldest and the most difficult Rijoq among the rest.

  7. RASIONALISASI PENGGUNAAN OBAT SIMPTOMATIK DAN OBAT LAIN YANG DIBERIKAN BERSAMAAN DENGAN OBAT ARTESUNATE-AMODIAKUIN PADA SUBYEK MALARIA DI DELAPAN PUSKESMAS SENTINEL KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Isnawati

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background. Since 2004, Malaria Program in Indonesia has used Artemisinin Combination Therapy (ACT to replace the chloroquine resistance. The recommended ACT is Artesunate dan Amodiaquine (AAQ combination for uncomplicated falciparum malaria. To relieve side effects and clinical complaints of malaria , health workers usually gave  symptomatic and other drugs in addition to antimalarial drugs. Methods. The methodology implemented in this study was a cross-sectional study to evaluate symptomatic and other drugs given together with antimalarial (AAQ to uncomplicated malaria subjects (patients infected by falciparum, vivax and mixed (falciparum dan vivax plasmodium. Data were collected from case report form in 6 months (July to December 2010 from 8 (eight sentinels puskesmas (primary health centers in North Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, West Kalimantan and East Kalimantan. Results. Total number of cases (89,4% were given symptomatic and other drugs in addition to antimalarial drugs. Symptomatic and other drugs that mostly given were antipyretic/analgesic (90.8% and vitamin-mineral (70%. There seemed to be over-use of vitamin-minerals since the indication to giving those medications were not quite clear. Antibiotics were mostly given to subjects with gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. The administration of antibiotic for non-bacterial infection were  irrational. Antihistamines were given to 94,3% subjects without cold and flu, and this cases also be defined as inappropriate use of medicine. In addition, antacids were also given to 12,5 %  subjects  without gastrointestinal complaints to anticipate side effects of antimalarial. AbstrakLatar belakang.Tahun 2004 Program Pemberantasan Malaria mulai menggunakan ACT menggantikan klorokuin yang telah resisten. ACT yang direkomendasikan adalah kombinasi Artesunat dan Amodiakuin (AAq, untuk malaria falsiparum tanpa komplikasi. Untuk mengatasi efek samping obat malaria

  8. THE CURRENT SITUATION OF PARASITIC INFECTIONS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Oemijati

    2012-09-01

    South Kalimantan. Echinostoma lindoense which was highly endemic in lake Lindu area has disappeared completely. Among the 8 species of Cestodes, Taenia saginata and T. solium with its cysticercus are found more often. While endemic in a few areas only, cases been reported from many places. Infections with other Cestodes have been reported occasionally. On the whole, parasitic infections in Indonesia have been decreasing. Some parasites which were prevalent in the older days, have dissappeared, and human infections with animal parasites have been reported occasionally because of the difficult diagnosis.

  9. Long-time risk of groundwater/drinking water pollution with sulphuric compounds beneath burned peatlands in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammen, V C

    2007-01-01

    Smoke-haze episodes caused by vegetation and peat fires affect parts of Indonesia every year with significant impacts on human health and climate. The forest fires 1997/1998 were by far the largest in Indonesian history, burning between 5 and 8 million hectares before they were stopped by the monsoon rains in December 1997. Fires sprang up again in 1998 on Kalimantan when monsoon rain paused. Peat forests and peatlands are in particular severely affected. In the 1997/1998 haze event, 2.1-2.5 million hectare of peat swamp forest burnt in Indonesia. The remaining ash contains high concentrations of sulphur and sulphuric compounds which eventually leach into the groundwater, thus polluting groundwater and drinking water. The thicker the peat layer is and the higher the number of fires in the respective area the more sulphuric compounds will leach into the groundwater. Risk areas for the sulphur loads of the ash are identified.

  10. Children's television in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriyani, H.; Hollander, E.H.; d'Haenens, L.S.J.; Beentjes, J.W.J.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the structure, conduct, and performance of children's television in Indonesia during the last four decades, reflecting on its interaction with the government, the market, and civil society. A striking trend in Indonesia's children's television is undoubtedly its exponential gr

  11. SASTRA CYBER DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laily Fitriani

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The digital era started when the internet technology spread to the developing countries including Indonesia. The flourish of cyber literature leads to the debate on the quality of the work of literature. Above all, the existence of literature sites (cyber literature becomes an important alternative for writers and literary activist in Indonesia.

  12. AKSES MASYARAKAT TERHADAP OBAT-OBAT ESENTIAL PADA UNIT PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Siahaan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available At the year of 2006, The National of Health Research and Development (NJHRD conducted medicines prices survey in order to evaluate the root problems about the access to essential medicines in Indonesia. Several underlying factors which influence this access i.e. the prices, the availabitily and the adequacy of medicines. The method of the survey followed WHO/HAl methodology which is modified to be suited with Indonesia situation. The study was cross-sectional in four regions in Indonesia: a capital region (DKI Jakarta, Western part of Indonesia (Riau, Central part of Indonesia (South Kalimantan and eastern part of Indonesia (Papua. The collected samples are 10 generic names of medicines. Survey was conducted in public and private health care services, urban and rural areas. The results show that there were wide prices differences between branded and generic medicines. Variation of medicines prices between public, private, sectors and regions. The purchasing prices in health offices and primary health cares are slightly higher than in hospitals and pharmacies. The availability of generic and branded medicines in private sectors is almost the same. The adequacy of essential medicines is better in the eastern region than other regions. The study recommends: a. The government should increase the consumption of generic medicines and provide incentive for physicians and retailers that active for generic services. b. Increasing the efficiency of drug procurement system in public sectors. c. Improving the commitment of regional government on health sectors. d. Regulating the margin prices for retail medicines prices. Key words: access, medicines, prices, availability, adequacy

  13. Can Patrons Be Bypassed? Frictions between Local and Global Regulatory Networks over Shrimp Aquaculture in East Kalimantan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kusumawati, R.; Bush, S.R.; Visser, L.E.

    2013-01-01

    Taking related concepts of friction and a simplified value chain analysis, this article focuses on interaction of three regulatory networks and their influence over sustainable shrimp aquaculture in East Kalimantan. The results show that while government and nongovernment organization (NGO)

  14. Respiratory health risk assessment of children living close to industrial areas in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salami, Indah R S; As, Zulfikar A; Marselina, Mariana; Roosmini, Dwina

    2014-01-01

    Industrial areas are considered to have higher risk of air pollution impact especially to children living close to the industry. Two separate industrial areas in Indonesia were compared. The first location was in the area of coal transportation activity in South Kalimantan, and the second location was in the area of Bogor, West Java where used battery processing industry was often found. Fifty children (boys and girls, aged 6-15 years) were involved in South Kalimantan whereas in West Java there were 48 children (boys and girls, aged 10-12 years) involved. The control groups were also studied in both areas. Predicted average daily intake (ADD) of respirable particulate was estimated and respiratory function was measured using spirometer. The study showed that the PM2.5 concentration in industrial area was 3 times higher than those found in the control location. As a result, the predicted ADD of particulate of children living close to industry in South Kalimantan was 25.45±10.55 µg/kg.day whereas in West Java, the ADD was 1.5 times higher. For both studied area, boys' respirable particulate intake was shown to have higher intake than those in girls. Lung function of children revealed that more than 68% of children in the coal transportation area had decreased pulmonary function. The study also noted that some children in West Java had indicated an obstructive and restrictive respiratory condition. The risk of girls having mild lung disease was found to be 1.3 times greater than those in the control group whereas in boys, the risk was 1.9 times than those in control area. Respiratory function of children in West Java study area was considered to worsen by the higher Pb emission from used battery processing activity.

  15. ANALISIS SITUASI IMPLEMENTASI DESENTRALISASI LITBANG KESEHATAN DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siswanto Siswanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Ministry of Health, through Decree No. 004 year 2003, has outlined that in order to strengthen health managementin decentralization era it needs health research and development in regional area. The study aims to conduct a situational analysis for obtaining base-line data of research and development at regional level to develop a facilitation model of health research and development at provincial and district level. It was an exploratory and case study in East Kalimantan Province, with the samples of Balitbangda, Dinas Kesehatan and Bappeda. The study has identified that at provincial level it has been founded a Balitbangda Provinsi, whereas at district level there have been founded just two Balitbangda, i.e. Balitbangda Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara and Badan Arsip, Diklat dan Litbang Kola Samarinda. At Balitbangda Provinsi, there were very limited researchers, only 5 researchers and 2 candidates of researcher and out of them there was no health researcher. With an annual research budget about 800 million to 1.4 billion rupiahs, there was no allocation for health research. Due to limited researchers, most of the research projects were contracted or working together with other institutions. In fact, a number of districts/municipalities have spent their budget on research projects; however none was allocated for health research. From FGD, it has been identified that Dinas Kesehatan kabupaten/kota demanded information (evidence through research, like "surkesda", rapid surveys, and program evaluation. Nevertheless. there are not available of competence researchers, so more training is needed. In order to strengthen health research at provincial and district level, the study recommended (i the improvement of researchers' competence at Balitbangda, Bappeda, and Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi, as well as Balitbangda, Bappeda and Dinas Kesehatan kabupaten/kota with regard of research methodolgy, (ii the facilitation and training of supporting competence

  16. Energy in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Symon, A.

    1997-07-01

    The report surveys Indonesia`s energy sector with the following interest groups in mind: operators and equipment suppliers, investors, purchasers of Indonesian oil, gas and coal, and those working in roles concerned with energy in Indonesia. It deals with each energy source in turn: electricity, including private power; oil; gas; coal; geothermal energy; hydropower; solar and other alternative energy systems; and nuclear power. For each industry it gives an overview, discusses resources, outlines government policy and regulatory framework, gives figures for production and discusses the industry outlook. 11 figs., 71 tabs., 7 apps.

  17. Geologic map of Indonesia - Peta geologi Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigit, Soetarjo

    1965-01-01

    The geology, compiled by Th. H. F. Klompe in 1954 from published and unpublished maps of the Direktorat Geologi, has been brought up to date on the basis of investigations carried out to 1962 (Ref. Sigit, Soetarjo, "I. A brief outline of the geology of the Indonesian Archipelago, and II. Geological map of Indonesia;" Direktorat Geologi publication, 1962.)

  18. IMPORTANT TREMATODES IN MAN IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinardi Hadidjaja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Trematode infections are considered to be a non public health problem in Indonesia, with the excep­tion of the two species namely Schistosoma japonicum and Fasciolopsis buski which are still assumed to be the most important trematodes of Indonesia. Other trematode infections reported occasionally were caused by: Echinostoma spp, Haplorchis yokogawai, Haplorchis taichui, Paralecithodendrium molenkampi, Phaneropsolus bonnei and Plachiorchis javensis. Schistosoma japonicum infection has been known to be endemic among the inhabitants of Lake Lindu since 1937. Surveys carried out since that time revealed prevalence rates which varied from 8-55%. Further studies proved that the species at Lindu were similar to the species found in Asia. Resurvey initiated in 1971 gave almost a similar prevalence rate followed by the discovery of the molluscan intermediate host namely Oncomelania hupensis lindoensis. In 1972 a new focus of schistosomiasis was discovered at Napu Valley. Other survey did not reveal any other endemic foci. The result of a biological study carried out since 1976 reconfirmed the diagnosis of the species. Clinical study showed that the significant signs and symptoms of schistosomiasis found among the Lindu inhabitants were : dermatitis, diarrhea, dysentry, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, weakness, distention of the abdomen, melaena. hepatomegaly and splenomegaly. Control of schistosomiasis was initiated in 1981, using praziquantel for mass treatment. Twelve cycles of treatment at Lake Lindu area and 10 cycles at Napu Valley resulted in a reduction of overall prevalence rate from 15,80 % at Lindu area in 1981 to 1,14 % in 1987 whereas in Napu Valley the reduction was from 35,8 % in 1982 to 1,00 % in 1987. Fasciolopsis buski infection was first reported in 1982 from the Regency of Babirik, Hulu Sungai Utara in South Kalimantan Province. The following survey in that area in 1986 revealed a prevalence rate of 27

  19. Indonesia in 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Gunn, Geoffrey C.

    2014-01-01

    Ahead of upcoming elections, expectations ran high in 2013 across the archipelago for a highly pluralistic electorate. With China as a leading trading partner, the backdrop for Indonesia was steady economic growth, albeit checked by a sliding currency, a current account deficit, and a depressing culture of corruption. Mixing commerce and geopolitics, China, the U.S., and Japan all turned to Indonesia to expand their influence.

  20. Indonesia's palm oil subsector

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Donald F.

    1996-01-01

    Debate on Indonesia's palm oil policy was stimulated by a sharp increase in cooking oil prices in 1994-95 and a resulting increase in the export tax rate on crude palm oil. Palm oil has been one of the fastest growing subsectors in Indonesia. Using a quantitative model, the author analyzes the effect of government policies, including the export tax, buffer stock operations by the BULOG (the national logistics agency), and directed sales from public estates. The author acknowledges the export ...

  1. Indonesia; Statistical Appendix

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2000-01-01

    The statistical data on developments in gross domestic product by sector of origin and by expenditure, agricultural production, production, domestic use, and exports of petroleum, approvals of foreign investment projects by economic sector, indices of inflation, consumer price index, summary of central government operations, and central government revenue of Indonesia are presented in the paper. The data on details of nontax receipts, Bank Indonesia liquidity support, foreign exchange and equ...

  2. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance.

  3. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance. Keywords: palm oil, CPO consumption, Error Correction Model

  4. Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Rosita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar. The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced. Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance. Keywords: palm oil, CPO consumption, Error Correction Model

  5. PROSPECTIVE ISLAMIC LAW IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohdar Yanlua

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the Prospective Islamic law in Indonesia. The enforcement of Islamic law in Indonesia experienced the ups and downs, ranging from the colonial period with the Government of Indonesia to the Netherlands in order to reform it.In this study it was found that a prospective law of Islam in Indonesia the development of any regime of the Government of Indonesia is experiencing developments. By the Government of Indonesia does not accept or reject the extremes, but instead selectively receive (not the totality and gradual.Such a step is done for the sake of maintaining the stability and integrity of the country.

  6. REVIEW: Species Diversity of Local Fruit Trees in Kalimantan: Problems of Conservation and Its Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUSTAID SIREGAR

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The decrease in population of local fruit trees due to the forest destruction in some places in Kalimantan is a worrying trend.The genetic diversity of fruits in Kalimantan has been saved partly through indigenous agroforestry, as species cultivated from generation to generation by indigenous people have created miniature forests in the village agroecosystem. However, there is no doubt that the existence of local fruit trees has been threatened by the introduction of a superior fruit cultivars and other commercial plant species such as coconuts (Cocos nucifera, oil palm (Elaeis guinensis and rubber trees (Hevea braziliensis. An ex-situ conservation program is proposed for the maintenance of diversity amongst local fruit species.

  7. ANALISIS PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN IBU TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BALITA DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rizal Damanik

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 The present study aims to analyze of influence maternal education to under five years-old children in West Kalimantan Province. The study uses Health Research Data Base of West Kalimantan Province in year 2007 with the design of cross-sectional study. The total of 1992 household samples were recruited in the study with criteria having child aged 6 to 59 months. Weight for height, weight for age, and height for age indicators were used to measure child nutritional status. The results showed that Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that maternal education under level of junior high school had 1.28 risk for children to become stunting and 1.27 risk for children to become underweight than maternal education level of above junior high school. Key words: wasting, stunting, maternal education.

  8. ANALISIS KEBERHASILAN PROGRAM PERLUASAN KEBUN KARET BIBIT UNGGUL CSR PT. ADARO INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hapijuddin Noor

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of CSR based on the values of participation, empowerment, and self-sufficiency (self reliance in society is inseparable from the actual conditions and needs of the local community. One of the CSR programs undertaken by PT Adaro is people's rubber plantation development program by using seeds. Research done by conducting interviews of 36 people respondents specified in purposif to the community garden expansion program recipients rubber seeds PT Adaro Indonesia CSR in 2 (two location of research, namely: Murung Pudak Subdistrict and Upau Subdistrict and the province of South Kalimantan. The results showed that success of the expansion of Rubber Garden Superior CSR PT Adaro Indonesia. seen from the aspect of the cultivation is high. The success of the expansion of Rubber Garden Superior CSR PT Adaro Indonesia. high as seen from socio-economic and cultural aspects of institutional is high. In order for the success that has been achieved can be maintained and upgraded again especially to aspect institutional, which needs to be done coaching, supervision and guidance on an ongoing basis to the existing institutional.

  9. Human amplification of drought-induced biomass burning in Indonesia since 1960

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, R. D.; van der Werf, G. R.; Shen, S. S.

    2009-05-01

    Much of the interannual variability in global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations has been attributed to variability of emissions from biomass burning. Under drought conditions, agricultural burning in Indonesia escapes control, and is a disproportionate contributor to these emissions, as seen in the 1997/98 haze disaster. Yet our understanding of the frequency, severity and underlying causes of severe biomass burning in Indonesia is limited because of the absence of satellite data that are useful for fire monitoring before the mid- 1990s. Here we present a continuous monthly record of severe burning events from 1960 to 2006 using the visibility reported at airports in the region. We find that these fires cause what are possibly the world's worst air quality conditions and that they occur only during years when precipitation falls below a well defined threshold. Historically, large fire events have occurred in Sumatra at least since the 1960s. By contrast, the first large fires are recorded in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) in the 1980s, despite earlier severe droughts. We attribute this difference to different patterns of changes in land use and population density. Fires in Indonesia have often been linked with El Niño, but we find that the Indian Ocean Dipole pattern is as important a contributing factor.

  10. KAJIAN PENGARUH KONSENTRASI NaOH TERHADAP KARAKTER ZEOLIT SINTETIK DARI KAOLIN LOKAL KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    Tety Wahyuningsih Manurung; Sunardi; Utami Irawati

    2011-01-01

    Telah dilakukan penelitian pemanfaatan kaolin Tatakan, Kalimantan Selatan dengan mentransformasi kaolin menjadi zeolit. Zeolit disintesis dari kaolin dengan proses hidrotermal. Sebelum dilakukan sintesis, kaolin terlebih dahulu diubah struktur berlapisnya menjadi amorf dengan proses metakaolinisasi pada temperatur 800 ºC selama 3 jam. Proses hidrotermal menggunakan autoclave dilakukan pada temperatur 100 ºC selama 24 jam dengan variasi konsentrasi NaOH yaitu 3, 5 dan 7M. Hasil analisis XRD, F...

  11. Pengembangan Kurikulum Muatan Lokal Tingkat Sekolah Menengah Umum di Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reddy Siram

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In Cental Kalimantan the development of the curriculum on local content subject area for the SMUs focusses on growing rubber and rattan. The content of the material accompanying the textbooks on local caontent subject area covers 7 topics that focusses mainly on field work rather than theory. Those topics are: 1 the conditions for growing; 2 the cultivation of plants; 3 planting in the field; 4 nursing the plants; 5 plant diseases; 6 harvesting and production; 7 processing the product.

  12. Struktur anatomi dan aktivitas antioksidan bulbus bawang dayak (Eleutherine americana Merr. dari daerah Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evi Mintowati Kuntorini

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research were to study the characterization of the microscopic anatomy and testing the antioxidant activity of bawang dayak bulb from several regions in South Kalimantan. Bawang dayak plant samples taken from four (4 regency in South Kalimantan. Bulb anatomical structure was observed by the paraffi n method and test preparations of antioxidant activity by DPPH method. IC50 values were calculated based on the formula of the regression equation.The bulb anatomical structures has a epidermis tissue of both surfaces, there is parenchymal tissue. Transport tissue were located in rows with collateral type, there are starch grains in parenchyma cells, and the presence of stiloid crystals between cells parenkim. Extract ethanol bawang dayak bulb from the four districts in South Kalimantan has antioxidant activity against DPPH radicals. The highest antioxidant activity showed on the sample from location1 Comets Village Banjarbaru Municipality (IC50 = 25.3339 μg/ml and the lowest showed on the sample from location 2 Sungai Paring Village Banjar District (IC50 = 86.9039 μg/ml. Antioxidant activity of bawang dayak extract 4.5 to 15 times weaker compared to BHT (BHT IC50 = 5.5707 μg/ml.

  13. Kualitas Hidup Pasien yang Menjalani Hemodialisis Rutin di RSUD Tarakan, Kalimantan Utara, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winson Jos

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Pasien dengan gagal ginjal kronik terminal memerlukan terapi pengganti fungsi ginjal. Hemodialisis adalahsalah satu modalitas terapi pengganti fungsi ginjal yang paling sering digunakan di Indonesia. Pemeriksaankualitas hidup pada pasien yang mengalami hemodialisis perlu dilakukan sebagai prediktor mortalitas padapasien dengan gagal ginjal terminal. Penelitian ini bersifat cross-sectional dan dilakukan di RSUD Tarakan.Data primer berupa sosiodemografi, komorbid, dan pemeriksaan laboratorium yang diperoleh dari anamnesisdan rekam medis. Kualitas hidup pasien diukur dengan kuesioner Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form(KDQOL-SF-36 yang sering dipakai untuk mengukur kualitas hidup pada pasien gagal ginjal kronik yangmenjalani terapi hemodialisis. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh sampel sebanyak 28 orang dengan rerata usia53,5±13,8 tahun, laki-laki (67,9%, tamat SMA (28,6%, dengan komorbiditas utama hipertensi (83%. Nilairerata hemoglobin adalah 8,01±2,12, ureum serum 144,5±44,85 dan kreatinin serum 9,13±4,03. Skor reratarangkuman kesehatan fisik dan mental adalah 38,51±8,37 dan 44,48±8,66. Rerata skor dimensi lain darikualitas hidup pasien adalah fungsi fisik 63,39±24,08, keterbatasan peran karena kesehatan fisik dan mental58,33±25,71 dan 53,3±16,61, nyeri 57,05±28,19, persepsi kesehatan 44,82±15,42, vitalitas 48,21±20,91,kesehatan mental 55,14±21,45 dan fungsi sosial 53,3±16,61. Subjek laki-laki memiliki rerata rangkumankesehatan mental yang lebih buruk (p<0,05 dan pasien dengan hipertensi memiliki rerata nilai skor SF-36yang lebih buruk secara bermakna dibandingkan pasien tanpa riwayat hipertensi (p<0,05. Disimpulkan jeniskelamin dan komorbid hipertensi merupakan faktor yang berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup pada pasienyang menjalani hemodialisis. Kata kunci: gagal ginjal kronik, hemodialisis, kualitas hidup   Quality of Life among Patients on Hemodialysis atRSUD Tarakan, North Kalimantan, 2014 Abstract Patients with end

  14. Parasitic nematodes from turtles:New species and new record from Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Endang Purwaningsih; Mumpuni

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe the morphological characteristics of some species of parasitic nematodes found in freshwater turtles from Sumatera (Amyda cartilaginea) and Kalimantan (Notochelys platynota). Methods: Specimens for light microscopy examination were fixed with warm 70% alcohol, cleared and mounted in lactophenol for stout specimens and glycerine for delicate specimens, prior to wet mounting. Drawings were made with the aid of a drawing tube attached to an Olympus compound microscope. Specimens for scanning electron microscope examination were fixed in cacodylate buffer and glutaraldehyde, dehydrated in alcohol concentration series, dried in vacuum dried and coated with gold in Eiko-IB2 Ion Coater. Measurements were given in micrometers as the mean followed by the range in parentheses, unless otherwise stated. Results: Four species of parasitic nematodes were found, namely, Monhysterides jambiensis sp. n. (M. jambiensis), Spiroxys sumatraensis sp. n. (S. sumatraensis), Cissophyllus laverani and Cissophyllus roseus. M. jambiensis differed from Monhysterides lissemydis in ratio of right-to-left spicule (1:3 in M. jambiensis vs. 1:3.8–5.6 in M. lissemydis) and had no gubernaculum. M. jambiensis also differed from Monhysterides testudinicola in longer spicule (11.2%–12.7% in M. jambiensis vs. 5.6%–6% of body length), ratio right-to-left spicule (1:3 in M. jambiensis vs. 1:2) and the numbers of caudal papillae and differed from Monhysterides testudinicola because of the lateral alae began from the half posterior of body, but that in M. jambiensis began from anterior part of body, behind the anterior end. S. sumatraensis differed from Spiroxys annulatus in having tooth at median lobe and having no well mark cuticular collar behind the based of lips and constriction at the base of pseudolabium was not pronounced. S. sumatraensis differed from Spiroxys transversalata in having no tooth at median lobes of each pseudolabium and differed from Spiroxys chelodinae in

  15. Differentials in female labour force participation rates in Indonesia: reflection of economic needs and opportunities, culture or bad data?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, G

    1986-12-01

    This study investigates regional differentials in female labor force participation rates by educational status in Indonesia, using data from the 1961, 1971, and 1980 censuses. Rates in the Javanese areas are always well above the Indonesian average; in mainly Sundanese West Java they are much lower than the average, and in South Sulawesi they are lower still. Kalimantan is the only region where there is no stability in rates over time, possibly due to the inaccessibility of much of its population for census-taking. When only urban areas are considered, the regional differentials do not alter very much. As in most of the world, participation rates for single women are higher than those of married women, and those for divorced and widowed women are higher still. Participation rates are lowest of all for women with a junior high school education, rise for those witha senior high school education; and rise sharply for those with a university or academy education. The provinces with the highest urban female labor force participation rates--Yogyakarta, Central Java, East Java, and Bali--are among the poorest provinces in Indonesia. Female labor force participation rates in Indonesia are much higher than in other Moslem countries. Geographic and socioeconomic differentials in female labor force participation rates in Indonesia are not an artifact of inconsistencies in the data, but can be related to 2 other sets of explanatory variables: 1) economic needs and opportunities and 2) cultural differences.

  16. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatization in the New Order era, and is now experiencing ambiguity in the Reformation era. Indonesian women's political participation need to find a strong platform to promote the aspirations of his peopleKeywords: partisipation, representation, domestification, stigmatization, and women politic.Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis histo-risitas partisipasi politik dan keterwakilan perempuan dalam lanskap politik di Indonesia. Tu-lisan ini menggunakan perspektif teori feminisme sebagai analisis inti dalam meninjau isu nya. Periodisitas partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia sangat fluktuatif dan tergantung pada situasi politik kontemporer. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia di era kolonialisme mengalami domestikasi, revivalisme di era Soekarno, stigmatisasi di era Orde Baru, dan sekarang mengalami ambiguitas dalam era Reformasi. Partisipasi politik perempuan Indonesia perlu menemukan platform yang kuat untuk memperjuangkan aspirasi rakyatnyaKata kunci: partisipasi, representasi, domestifikasi, stigmasi, politik perempuan  

  17. Indonesia lowers infant mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, S

    1991-11-01

    Indonesia's success in reaching World Health Organization (WHO) universal immunization coverage standards is described as the result of a strong national program with timely, targeted donor support. USAID/Indonesia's Expanded Program for Immunization (EPI) and other USAID bilateral cooperation helped the government of Indonesia in its goal to immunize children against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, and measles by age 1. The initial project was to identify target areas and deliver vaccines against the diseases, strengthen the national immunization organization and infrastructure, and develop the Ministry of Health's capacity to conduct studies and development activities. This EPI project spanned the period 1979-90, and set the stage for continued expansion of Indonesia's immunization program to comply with the full international schedule and range of immunizations of 3 DPT, 3 polio, 1 BCG, and 1 measles inoculation. The number of immunization sites has increased from 55 to include over 5,000 health centers in all provinces, with additional services provided by visiting vaccinators and nurses in most of the 215,000 community-supported integrated health posts. While other contributory factors were at play, program success is at least partially responsible for the 1990 infant mortality rate of 58/1,000 live births compared to 72/1,000 in 1985. Strong national leadership, dedicated health workers and volunteers, and cooperation and funding from UNICEF, the World Bank, Rotary International, and WHO also played crucially positive roles in improving immunization practice in Indonesia.

  18. A comprehensive survey of lignin geochemistry in the sedimentary organic matter along the Kapuas River (West Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Pei Sun; Chen, Chen-Tung Arthur; Anshari, Gusti Z.; Wang, Jough-Tai; Lou, Jiann-Yuh; Wang, Shu-Lun

    2012-01-01

    In this first study of lignin geochemistry in the world's longest river on an island, surface sediments were collected along the Kapuas River, three lakes in the upper river, a tributary in the lower river and a separate river during June-July 2007 and December 2007-January 2008. The samples were analyzed for lignin-derived phenols and bulk elemental and stable carbon isotope compositions. Λ values (the sum of eight lignin phenols, expressed as mg/100 mg organic carbon (OC)) ranged from 0.13 to 3.70. Ratios of syringyl/vanillyl (S/V) and cinnamyl/vanillyl (C/V) ranged from 0.34 to 1.18 and 0.28 to 1.40, respectively, indicating the presence of non-woody angiosperm tissues. The high vanillic acid to vanillin (Ad/Al)v (0.71-2.01) and syringic acid to syringaldehyde (Ad/Al)s (0.72-2.12) ratios indicate highly degraded lignin materials. In the upper Kapuas River, highly degraded soil materials discharged from lands that were barren as a result of deforestation activities were detected in the locations directly in those vicinities. The middle Kapuas River showed rapid organic matter degradation, probably due to the presence of fresh terrestrial and phytoplankton organic matter fueling the biogeochemical cycling. The Kapuas Kecil River, one of the two branches in the lower reach of the Kapuas River, showed higher levels and diagenesis of sedimentary organic matter due to input from anthropogenic sources and increased marine organic matter near the mouth. This study shows that different stretches along the river exhibit different levels and composition of sedimentary organic matter, as well as different carbon dynamics, which is directly attributable to the varying landscapes and quality of organic matter.

  19. Spatial modelling and ecosystem accounting for land use planning: addressing deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, E.

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem accounting is a new area of environmental economic accounting that aims to measure ecosystem services in a way that is in line with national accounts. The key characteristics of ecosystem accounting include the extension of the valuation boundary of the System of National Accounts, allowin

  20. Spatial modelling and ecosystem accounting for land use planning: addressing deforestation and oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, E.

    2015-01-01

    Ecosystem accounting is a new area of environmental economic accounting that aims to measure ecosystem services in a way that is in line with national accounts. The key characteristics of ecosystem accounting include the extension of the valuation boundary of the System of National Accounts,

  1. Living dangerously: Oplosan, gambling and competition as everyday risk-taking in Java and East Kalimantan Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, G.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to challenge the idea that poor people are generally risk averse and that risks are predominately created by structural conditions and outside forces (Wisner et al., 2004, p. 11; Cardona, 2004, p. 39). It aims to show that some categories of poor people

  2. The cultural biography of landscape as an interdisciplinary tool for landscape planning at Banjarmasin City, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damayanti, Vera; Spek, Mattheus

    2015-01-01

    During the twentieth century concepts of cultural landscape have been developed that have led to the inclusion of the cultural dimension in landscape studies. The implication of this in landscape planning and management is that planners should not only comprehend the physical dimension of a landscap

  3. Living dangerously: Oplosan, gambling and competition as everyday risk-taking in Java and East Kalimantan Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, G.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to challenge the idea that poor people are generally risk averse and that risks are predominately created by structural conditions and outside forces (Wisner et al., 2004, p. 11; Cardona, 2004, p. 39). It aims to show that some categories of poor people regularl

  4. The Thatung in Cap Ngo Meh (Lantern Festival Ritual In Hakka Society in Singkawang, West Kalimantan-Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ikhsan Tanggok

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Cap Ngo Meh and Thatung are two things that cannot be separated from the life of Hakka people in Singkawang. In each Cap Ngo Meh festival, the performance of Thatung is a must. Cap Ngo Meh festival would not be completed if there was no performance of Thatung. Thatung can help humans and otherwise humans also have to give gifts to him. Therefore,Thatung is a special performance in Cap Ngo Meh festival in Singkawang.The main purpose of this paper is to show the relationship between Thatung performance and Cap Ngo Meh festival in Singkawang. The function of Thatung performance in Cap Ngo Meh festival in Singkawang is not only to repel evil spirits that may affect humans, but also to promote economics, improving of popularity himself and tourism in Singkawang.DOI: 10.15408/ref.v13i5.918

  5. MANGROVE RESOURCE USES BY LOCAL COMMUNITY IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecep Kusmana

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is an archipelagic country of more than 17,504 islands (28 big islands and 17,475 small islands with the length of coastline estimated at 95,181 km, which bears mangroves from several meters to several kilometers. They are estimated at 3.2 million hectares growing extensively in the five big islands (Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua with various community types comprising of about 157 species (52 species of trees, 21 species of shrubs, 13 species of lyana, seven species of palms, 14 species of grasses, eight species of herbs, three species of parasites, 36 species of epiphytes, three species of ferns. The mangroves resources in Indonesia involve the flora, fauna, and land resources which are needed for supporting many kinds of human needs, especially for local community living in surrounding mangroves. For centuries, the Indonesian people have traditionally utilized mangroves. The most significant value of mangrove utilization is the gathering of forest products, classified into timber and non-timber products. The timber refers to poles and firewood, charcoal, and construction materials (e.g. housing material and fishing gears; the latter include tannin, medicines, dye, nypa thatch and shingles, nypa sap for vinegar and winemaking, and food drinks. Traditional uses of mangrove forest products are mainly the direct utilization of the products, usually in small scale. Beside of those, local community are used to utilizing associated mangrove aquatic fauna for supporting their daily life as well as utilizing mangrove habitat for multipurpose uses through agroforestry techniques (silvofishery, agrosilvofishery, agrosilvopastoralfishery systems. So that, the good mangrove ecosystem serves luxurious both flora and fauna species (biodiversity as well as their abundance for signicantly supporting the welfare of coastal community

  6. Indonesia country report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murni Soedyartomo Soentono, Tri [National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia - Batan, Radioisotopes and Radiopharmaceuticals Development Centre, Pasar Jum' at, Cinere Raya, 12570 Jakarta (Indonesia)

    2008-07-01

    Several nuclear research are currently operation in Serpong, Jakarta, Bandung and Yogyakarta; these facilities has been in operation step wisely and having strong link with various universities and laboratories within the country (30 MW in Serpong, 2 MW in Bandung, Cyclotron CS-30 Serpong, Accelerator Yogyakarta, Irradiator Co-60). Public Acceptance: Further more the routine activities of the public information by WiN regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, especially to the immediate environment of the NPP candidate site are indeed of important steps. Future of nuclear power: Since 1990's, Indonesia planned to build NPP station in Jepara to anticipate future energy crisis. Indonesia National Energy Policy has four main objectives: - Securing the continuity of energy supply for domestic use at price affordable to the public, - Enhancing the life quality of the people, - Stimulating economic growth, and, - Reserving an adequate supply of oil and gas for expert to provide source of foreign exchange to fund the national development program. Nuclear Waste Management Policy: Law no 10/1997 on nuclear power became the basic policy in management of radioactive waste The only national agency dealing with radioactive substances, BATAN possesses all data and information concerning the use of nuclear power. Radioactive waste management is particularly earmarked for maximum protection of living creatures, the environment and its ecosystems. In order to guarantee maximum safety and protection, all parties involved in the acquisition of radioactive materials should abide by the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle. In order to achieve radioactive waste management that complies with the principle of sustainable development, technological applications should be technically and economically viable for maximum protection of the environment and safety from any potential nuclear hazards, now and in future. The application must also be accepted by the community

  7. Snakebite in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randy Adiwinata

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia as one of the largest tropical and agricultural countries in the world shared the particularly high burden cases of snakebite. In the last decade, World Health Organization (WHO has listed snakebite as one of the neglected tropical disease. The clinical manifestations of snakebite could vary according to the type of venoms ranging from mild to life threatening condition. Appropriate first aid treatment and comprehensive management of snakebite cases are warranted to reduce mortality and morbidity rates. Key words: snakebite, neglected tropical disease, Indonesia, treatment, antivenom

  8. Gynecological cancer in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, M Farid

    2009-03-01

    To overview the status of gynecologic cancer in Indonesia. Information regarding Indonesia obtained from World Bank Report and Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia 2007, epidemiological data obtained from Histopathological Data of Cancer in Indonesia 2002, Department of Health-Registry Body of Indonesian Specialist of Pathology Association-Indonesian Cancer Society; Various Hospitals in big Cities in Indonesia. Indonesia is an Archipelago with a total area of 1,922,570.00 km(2), the population is 222,192,000 (2006), the fourth world rank. Female is 49.86% with life expectancy 69 years. Gross National Product per Capita is 690.00 USD. Histopathological report in 2002 revealed that cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and uterine cancer were the most frequent cancer among female, which were the first (2,532 cases), the third (829 cases) and the eighth (316 cases) rank respectively. The peak age for cervical, uterine and ovarian cancer was 45-54 years. HPV 16, 18 were found in 82% of invasive cervical. Data from various academic hospitals in 2007 showed that cervical cancer is the most common malignancy followed by ovary, uterus, vulva and vagina. Five-year survival rate of stage I, II, III, IV cervical cancer were 50%, 40%, 20%, and 0% respectively. Overall five-year survival rate of carcinoma of the ovary was 54.8%. If sub-classified by stage, five-year survival rate are 94.3%, 75.0%, 31%, and 11.7% for stage I, II, III, and IV respectively. Five-year disease-free survival rate of endometrial cancer was 71.9%. Indonesia is the biggest Archipelago with a dense population but the income per capita still low (poor country). The most common gynecologic cancer is cervical cancer, followed by ovarian and uterine cancer. These cancers are included in top ten cancers in Indonesia. HPV 16, 18 were the most cause of cervical cancer. The five-year survival rates are comparable with world report.

  9. Turning point for Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parsons, R.

    2006-07-21

    Indonesia's government has started to reform its subsidies policy, but structural reforms are needed to encourage more foreign investment. In 2005, Indonesia's coal production increased by 11% to 146.8 Mt, PT Bumi Resources being the largest producer. In March 2006 Bumi announced the sale of its coal interests to a consortium of foreign and Indonesian investors. Other major producers, PT Adaro, PT Berau Coal, PT Kideco and state-owned PT Bukat Asam all increased production in 2005. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Perilaku sadar gizi dan ketahanan pangan keluarga serta hubungannya dengan status gizi balita di Kabupaten Tanah Laut, Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahmadi .

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Act No. 25/2000 about National Development Program and Vision Healthy Indonesia 2010 specifi ed that 80% of Indonesian families become nutrition aware families. The result of survey on nutrition aware families in indicated that in 2006 as much as 52.7% and in 2007 as much as 27.2% of families were not yet nutrition aware. The result of nutritional status monitoring of underfi ves (Z-score showed undernourishment increased from 5.1% in 2004 to 10.1% in 2005.Objective: To analyze association between nutrition aware behavior and food security of the family and nutrition status of underfi ves at District of Tanah Laut, Province of Kalimantan Selatan.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design. The dependentvariable was nutritional status of underfi ves (z-score for weight/length; the independent variables were nutrition aware behavior and food security of the family; and the confounding variables were characteristics of the family (parents’ education, number of the family members, knowledge of mothers about nutrition and family income. Subject consisted of underfi ves of 6–24 months with as many as 198 underfi ves. Data analysis used chi square and double logistic regression (multiple logistic regression and qualitative analysis with indepth interview for families that were not yet nutrition aware.Result: There were 145 families (73.2% that were nutrition aware and 53 (26.8% that were not yet nutrition aware; based on energy consumption 51.1% of families had enough food and 48.9% were undernourished; based on protein consumption 52.5% of families had enough food and 47.5% were undernourished; and children with good nutrition status were 72.6% for boys and 72.8% or girls. There was signifi cant association between nutrition aware behavior and nutrition status of underfi ves (p=0.010. The result of logistic regression test showed that there was signifi cant association between the number of family members

  11. Bandung City, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tarigan, A.K.M.; Sagala, S.S.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Fiisabiilillah, D.F.; Simarmata, H.A.; Nababan, M.

    2016-01-01

    Bandung City has grown to become a very important centre in Indonesia, demonstrating a higher economic growth rate than the national average. It has experienced many challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation, including slums, basic infrastructures, and flooding. Despite such issues, a gradual imp

  12. Indonesia : Accounting and Auditing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This report is part of a joint initiative of the World Bank and IMF to prepare Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). The ROSC Accounting and Auditing review for Indonesia mainly focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of the accounting and auditing environment that influences the quality of corporate financial reporting. It involves both a review of mandatory requirement...

  13. ANALISIS EKSPOR KOPI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRI - WIDAYANTI

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   This study aimed at analyzing, firstly, the factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia; secondly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee supply; and thirdly, the factors influencing the domestic coffee demand. This research used secondary data, time series data of 1975–1997 which were collected from many resources, i.e. Statistical Center Bureau (BPS, Trade Department, Indonesian Coffee Exporter Association, Forestry and Commercial Agricultural Enterprise Department, and the Indonesian Bank. The factors influencing the coffee export of Indonesia as well as the domestic coffee demand and supply were analyzed by simultaneous equation model in the form of double logarithm using the two stage least square method (2SLS. The research results show that the factors influencing the export quantity of coffee were the coffee FOB price, the coffee price in domestic markets, the exchange rate and the coffee supply of the previous year. The coffee export price had negative correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia with export supply elasticity toward the export price of 2.04. In other words, the increase of coffee export price was followed by the decrease of coffee export quantity. This condition was due to the low quality of the coffee export of Indonesia. The coffee price at domestic markets has positive correlation with the coffee export quantity of Indonesia. Export was still conducted when the coffee price at domestic markets increased because the demand for domestic coffee was still very low. Other factors positively influencing the coffee export quantity were the exchange rate of rupiah and the coffee supply of the previous year. The factors influencing the domestic coffee supply were the domestic coffee price, technology level and the coffee supply of the previous year. The domestic coffee price positively related to the coffee supply at domestic markets with a supply elasticity of 0.04. This means that the

  14. EKSISTENSI OMBUDSMAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    yusnani hasjimzoem

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Republic of Indonesia is a rule of law under Article 1 (3 of the 1945 Constitution and should uphold respect for the rights of individuals and communities in implementing the country. The rights strengthened by the basic norms that become the main spirit of the people of Indonesia, Pancasila. Basic norms that the political objectives in developing the Indonesian nation and enact any bill. Thus the state agency that was created by a special law should work in line with the basic norms of the nation and work together to create prosperity. In 2003 the Ombudsman created by a special law has the duty and function to oversee public services effectively, efficiently, and in spite of the practice of (corruption, collusion, and nepotism. Ombudsman based its duties and functions that have the same vision as mandated in the fourth paragraph of the preamble of the Constitution of 1945. The Ombudsman is thus expected to make a good bureaucratic reform so that it can be a model and public services watchdog whose presence is really felt by the people of Indonesia. Keywords: Ombudsman of the Republic of Indonesia

  15. My Classroom: Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balazs, Erica

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the teaching experiences of Alief Noor Farida--a junior lecturer at Indonesia's "Universitas Negeri Semarang" (Semarang State University [UNNES]). Now teaching her fourth semester and an alumna of the English Education program at UNNES, Ms. Farida is an especially motivated and dedicated educator. She teaches 18…

  16. Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia-Amerika Serikat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darman Darman

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify and analyze: how international trade relations are between Indonesia and the United States, especially in the export-import of goods, particularly non-oil exports; how the value is obtained from the export-import of goods between Indonesia-United States, whether Indonesian exports to the United States greater than Indonesian import from the United States; who gets the surplus of trade between the two countries; and how big the export-import growth rate is, whether Indonesia tends to become exporter or importer. Data used in this study were a time series of the year 2008-2012. The analytical method used was the growth formula and Trade Specialization Index. Based on the trade balance, the value of Indonesian exports, both oil and non-oil, the United States has a surplus and vice versa. In other words, the United States includes a country of Indonesia's main export, in addition to Japan and China. Value of Trade Specialization Index for both oil and non-oil exports is positive above 0 to 1, then the oil and non-oil commodities have strong competitiveness. Indonesia is likely as a means exporter of the commodity. However, based on 10 major Indonesian export commodities to the United States, as the largest foreign exchange earner for textile examples and textile products, footwear industries, electronic products, furniture, as well as horticultural commodities, is threatened lethargic, because shutdown policy decisions on the government services were feared to reduce consumption of the American people’s imported products.

  17. Phylogeography of the sponge Suberites diversicolor in Indonesia: insights into the evolution of marine lake populations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leontine E Becking

    Full Text Available The existence of multiple independently derived populations in landlocked marine lakes provides an opportunity for fundamental research into the role of isolation in population divergence and speciation in marine taxa. Marine lakes are landlocked water bodies that maintain a marine character through narrow submarine connections to the sea and could be regarded as the marine equivalents of terrestrial islands. The sponge Suberites diversicolor (Porifera: Demospongiae: Suberitidae is typical of marine lake habitats in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Four molecular markers (two mitochondrial and two nuclear were employed to study genetic structure of populations within and between marine lakes in Indonesia and three coastal locations in Indonesia, Singapore and Australia. Within populations of S. diversicolor two strongly divergent lineages (A & B (COI: p = 0.4% and ITS: p = 7.3% were found, that may constitute cryptic species. Lineage A only occurred in Kakaban lake (East Kalimantan, while lineage B was present in all sampled populations. Within lineage B, we found low levels of genetic diversity in lakes, though there was spatial genetic population structuring. The Australian population is genetically differentiated from the Indonesian populations. Within Indonesia we did not record an East-West barrier, which has frequently been reported for other marine invertebrates. Kakaban lake is the largest and most isolated marine lake in Indonesia and contains the highest genetic diversity with genetic variants not observed elsewhere. Kakaban lake may be an area where multiple putative refugia populations have come into secondary contact, resulting in high levels of genetic diversity and a high number of endemic species.

  18. PEMANFAATAN TUMBUHAN HUTAN SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU UNIT USAHA JAMU DAN PENGOLAHAN BAHAN ALAM DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Muhayah Noor Pitri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The existence of forest plants have been the source of traditional medicine for local communities. The use of natural materials by local communitiies as part of the medicinal treatment is done for subsistence. Not many identifiable utilization of the forest plants to meet the needs of business units herbal raw materials and processing of natural materials. This study seeks to identify the utilization of forest plants as raw material for herbal medicine business unit and the processing of natural materials in South Kalimantan. Mapping the distribution of the manufacturing herbal and natural ingredients also conducted and analyzed its association with the presence of the plant and within the forest. Data is collected using semi-structured interview to further analyzed descriptively. The collection of layers that constitute thematic information for the analysis of Geographic Information Systems. GIS analysis using ArcView 3.3 software. The results showed that the mixture dipterocarp forest is a forest type that is the source material for herbal medicine business unit and the processing of natural materials in South Kalimantan. The business unit is the most widely used natural materials from the forest is the micro and small (≤ 50% or medium sized business units are relatively few industries using natural materials from the forest (± 10%. The distribution of herbal medicine business unit and the processing of natural materials in South Kalimantan uneven. Herbal medicine business unit and the processing of natural materials is also limited to the city of Banjarmasin, Martapura, Banjarbaru, Amuntai, Barabai. Distance to the forest as a source of raw materials and distribution of herbal industry/processing of natural materials not correlate significantly. The rapid development of urban economy and cultural factors related to the presence of viscous processing units herbal and natural ingredients.

  19. THE MEDICALLY IMPORTANT MOLLUSCS OF INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machfudz Djajasasmita

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available At present in Indonesia 32 species of non-marine molluscs which belong to IS families have been known to be potentially of medicalor veterinary importance, since they are suspected to be capable in transmitting human and animal diseases. The brackish water family Potamididae comprises of 1 species; whereas the freshwater snails are : Viviparidae (3 sp., Ampullariidae (3 sp., Bythiniidae (1 sp.. Pomatiopsidae (1 sp., Thiaridae (7 sp., Lymnaeidae(l sp. and Planorbidae (5 sp.; freshwater bivalve are: Corbiculidae (4 sp.; land snails are: Subulinidae (2 sp., Achatinidae (1 sp. and Bradybaenidae (1 sp.; land slug: Veronicelidae (2 sp. Philomycidae (1 sp. and Limacidae (1 sp.. All are common species which can be found in the vicinity of human habitation (ponds, rice-field, ditches, gardens etc. The parasitological studies on these molluscs are rather limited, only 9 species have been studied and confirmed to be the intermediate host of parasitic nematodes and nematodes; i.e. Oncomelania hupensis lindoensis, the intermediate host of the blood fluke Schistosoma japonica in Central Sulawesi: Pila suctata, Achatina fulica and Laevicaulis alte from several places in Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and Flores have been found to be harbouring the larvae of the nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the causative agent of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis; Bellamy a rudipelis, Gyraulus sarasinorum and Corbicula lindoensis were recorded as the intermediate host of the intestinal fluke Echinostoma lindoensis in Central Sulawesi; Lymnaea rubiginosa plays an important role in the life-cycle of the cattle liver fluke Fasciola gigantica and F.hepatica, which may reduce the national meat production; and Digoniostoma truncatum from Bali has been recorded naturally infected with radiae and cercariae of Paramphistoma sp., the causative agent of the fatal paramphistomiasis of cattle. Gyraulus convexiusculus is considered to be the most likely first intermediate host of

  20. NON TIMBER FOREST PRODUCT UTILIZATIONS AND AWARENESS OF SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN FOREST COMMUNITIES-A CASE STUDY IN EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli Nur Nirmala Sari

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A lack of livelihood to meet the needs has been one reason why forest communities have utilized non-timber forest products (NTFPs. For some communities living in or around forest areas, NTFPs have been a basic support for their small-scale industries, which could contribute to better income. This study focused on the utilization of NTFPs by forest communities and their awareness in terms of utilizing such products for handicrafts in small-scale industry. This study examined the NTFPs potentials, markets, and social benefits at the five villages in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The villages-surveyed were Batu Lidung, Punan Bengalun, Sesua, Mendupo, and Seputuk which were located in and near forest areas managed by PT Intracawood Manufacturing as a forest concessionaire. The method used was Participatory Rural Appraisal Techniques, and the data collection was based on primary data and household survey. The result suggested that among the five villages, the most remote area was Punan Bengalun. Forest community of Punan Bengalun has started selling the handicrafts made from NTFPs only in the last few years. Among the five villages-sur veyed, the forest community in Seputuk tended to be more active in utilizing NTFPs for small-scale industry rather than those in four other villages. Awareness in utilizing the NTFPs had been mostly depended on factor of forest distance from the villages. People living close to the district capital (where there was a wider variety of employment opportunities had less motivation to utilize NTFPs although there were available.

  1. ANALISIS POLA KEMITRAAN AGROFORESTRI DALAM RANGKA MENGURANGI ANCAMAN PERAMBAHAN HUTAN (STUDI KASUS TUMPANGSARI TANAMAN PANGAN DI IUPHHK-HT PULAU LAUT KOTABARU KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Suyodono

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia's forest covers about 133 million hectares. Local people of Pulau Laut in Kalimantan used to do shifting cultivation to manage their agricultural activities for food crops in the forest due to its poor soil of minerals and nutrients for years.The increased population and industrial development of forestry, plantation and mining caused decreasing of forest area, hence the shifting cultivation period has been shortened and encroach forest area. In consequence, degradation of the forest area is increasing.This study was conducted to identify how significant the role of agroforestry (“tumpangsari” to prevent forest encroachment.The objectives of study were to analyze:(1 the contribution of agroforestry as forest partnership management to minimize the encroachment of forest area, (2 the “tumpangsari” cost and revenue,(3 the benefits of this program for local people, the estate forest company and for food security. In general, the growth of Acacia mangium planted in agroforestry model area has better performance compared with those planted in non agroforestry area significantly shown fortwo years of A.mangium growth period. The productivity of rice in “tumpangsari” model was 3.3 tones ha-1which higher than that of in shifting cultivation area in secondary forest of about 3.1 tones ha-1. The revenue from rice cultivation by “tumpangsari” model was Rp 10.032 million ha-1 and the production cost was Rp 5.932 million ha-1 and R/C ratio of about 1.69.This research pointed out that agroforestry have many benefits for minimize forest encroachment as it provides opportunity to increase the rice production through the partnership management on forest land without change its function.Keywords: agroforestry, “tumpangsari”, forest encroachment, partnership

  2. ANALYSIS OF USING EFFICIENT LOGGING TOOLS AT PT. PURWA PERMAI IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Sona Suhartana; Yuniawati Yuniawati

    2008-01-01

    A high log demand that often exceeds its supply capability should be overcome by using appropriate logging  tools. Numerous  kinds and types of logging  tools require  a well planning in their utilization. Number of tools which are greater or fewer than what is actually needed can be disadvantageous  for a company. In relevant to these aspects, a study was carried out at a timber estate in Central Kalimantan  in 2007. The aim of the study was to find out an efficient number  of tools used for...

  3. Flora diversity and its potential in Muara Kendawangan Nature Reserve, West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TAHAN UJI

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Muara Kendawangan Nature Reserve is one of the biggest nature reserves in West Kalimantan. However, data and informations especially floras diversity and its potential in this area has not been investigated intensively. Two hundred and nineteen species of plant are collected from this area, and 140 species of them are reported as potential plants. Fourty eight, and fourty two species of the potential species are respectively useful as timber and medicinal plants. Six species, namely Aquilaria malaccensis, Durio oxleyanus, Eusideroxylon zwageri, Alstonia scholaris, Koompassia malaccensis and Eurycoma longifolia are threatened species, and one of them namely Aquilaria malaccensis is endangered.

  4. Analisis Cadangan Devisa Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lusia Bunga Uli

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aims to determine the relationship between variables export, import, and exchange rate against Foreign Exchange Reserves in Indonesia. The data used in the empirical study of a sequence of data monthly time of year 2011.01 through 2014.12 from Bank Indonesia and the Central Statistics Agency (BPS. The analysis tool used is Auto Regression Vector Model (VAR. The results of this study indicate that the one-way relationship between the variables of foreign reserves and export. Then one-way relationship between exchange rate and exports. Lastly, there is a two-way relationship between imports and foreign exchange reserves, two-way relationship between exchange rate and foreign exchange reserves, two-way relationship between imports and exports, two-way relationship between the exchange rate and imports. The results also showed foreign exchange reserves are significantly influenced by the movement itself at a probability of 1 %. Export variable negative and not significantly affect the foreign exchange reserves. While imports of positive and not significant to the foreign exchange reserves. Foreign Exchange Reserves Indonesia is positively influenced by the exchange rate and not significant. Keywords: Foreign exchange reserves, exports, imports, exchange rate   Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa keterkaitan antar variabel ekspor, impor, dan nilai tukar rupiah terhadap Cadangan Devisa Indonesia. Data yang digunakan dalam kajian empiris ini merupakan data runtutaan waktu bulanan dari tahun 2011.01 sampai 2014. 12 yang berasal dari Bank Indonesia dan Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS. Alat analisis yang digunakan yaitu Vector Autoregression Model (VAR. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hubungan searah antara variabel cadangan devisa ke ekspor. Lalu hubungan searah antara kurs terhadap ekspor Terakhir, terdapat hubungan dua arah antara impor dan cadangan devisa, hubungan dua arah antara kurs dan cadangan

  5. KESIAPAN PUSKESMAS PONED (PELAYANAN OBSTETRI NEONATAL EMERGENSI DASAR DI LIMA REGIONAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mujiati Mujiati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKesiapan peran Puskesmas sangat penting dalam mencapai target Angka Kematian Ibu di Indonesia. Oleh karena itu,Kementerian Kesehatan RI menyediakan Puskesmas PONED, yang mampu memberikan pelayanan obstetrik neonatalemergensi dasar 24 jam, dengan tenaga terlatih, peralatan dan perbekalan yang memadai (termasuk di dalamnyaadalah alat kesehatan, obat, dan alat transportasi. Sumber data dari hasil Riset Fasilitas Kesehatan tahun 2011.Variabel tenaga kesehatan terlatih, pelayanan 24 jam, alat kesehatan dan obat serta alat transportasi dikelompokkanberdasarkan 5 regional (Sumatera, Jawa-Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, dan Indonesia Bagian Timur. Dari 1.446Puskesmas PONED, sebanyak 88,7% Puskesmas memberikan pelayanan 24 jam, melibatkan dokter 79,9%, bidan96,1%, dan perawat 32,8%. Dari 17 jenis obat dan 26 alat kesehatan (alkes standar pelayanan PONED, rata-rata angkaketersediaan di Puskesmas PONED hanya 6,06 jenis obat dan 14,12 alkes PONED, sedangkan untuk angkakecukupan, rata-ratanya adalah 5,54 jenis obat dan 12,43 alkes PONED. Sebanyak 53,3% Puskesmas PONED memilikiPuskesmas Keliling, 43,0% memiliki ambulans, dan hanya 3,7% yang memiliki perahu bermotor. Berdasarkan limaregional di Indonesia, terdapat perbedaan kesiapan Puskesmas PONED dalam hal pelayanan 24 jam, tenaga kesehatanterlatih, obat dan alkes, serta alat transportasi. Namun secara keseluruhan, regional Jawa-Bali lebih siap dibandingkandengan regional lain. Perlu perhatian dan intervensi untuk meningkatkan kesiapan puskesmas PONED, terutamameningkatkan ketersediaan dan kecukupan alat dan obat PONED, melibatkan tenaga bidan dan perawat dalampelayanan PONED, serta menyediakan dan memfungsikan pusling dan ambulans untuk pelayanan PONED.Kata Kunci: PONED, pelayanan, tenaga kesehatan, alat, obat, transportasiAbstractRoles of primary health care center (HC are very important to achieve Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR target inIndonesia. The Ministry of Health Indonesia provides Basic Emergency

  6. Exploring under-utilised low carbon land resources from multiple perspectives : Case studies on regencies in Kalimantan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goh, Chun Sheng; Wicke, Birka; Potter, Lesley; Faaij, André; Zoomers, Annelies; Junginger, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Mobilising under-utilised low carbon (ULC) land resources for future agricultural production can help reducing pressure on high carbon stock land from agricultural expansion, particularly for deforestation hotspots like Kalimantan. However, the potential of ULC land is not yet well understood,

  7. Can Patrons Be Bypassed? Frictions between Local and Global Regulatory Networks over Shrimp Aquaculture in East Kalimantan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kusumawati, R.; Bush, S.R.; Visser, L.E.

    2013-01-01

    Taking related concepts of friction and a simplified value chain analysis, this article focuses on interaction of three regulatory networks and their influence over sustainable shrimp aquaculture in East Kalimantan. The results show that while government and nongovernment organization (NGO) regulato

  8. Tourism Market and the Movement of Visitors in “Tourism Strategic Area” in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syaiful Muazir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism industry has become one of important contributors of foreign exchange for Indonesia. In order to develop it, the central government has issued several policies, one of which is by assigning national tourism strategic areas across the country that also have a role to encourage other factors, such as economy, social-security, etc. This paper is an exploratory study on the existing tourism market in one of the national strategic areas, namely Sambas Regency in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Besides, this study also observed the synchronization of this area with other attractions and other strategic areas (borderlands. After the tourism market was identified, the relation among the visitors’ origins, the places they visited, and their next trips were explored to identify the dominant characters of the movement and places. This study used survey technique and network analysis. The findings conclude that the main tourism market in tourism strategic area was still dominated by domestic market with their specific characters. The visitors did not only visit the tourism attractions in Sambas, but also pass the border to go to the neighbouring country, either directly or through Sambas. This market niche can be “exploited” by Sambas regency by rearranging their attraction hierarchy, placing attractions around Sambas palace as the centre, and making the border either as an entrance or continued attractions

  9. Tropical forest heterogeneity from TanDEM-X InSAR and lidar observations in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Grandi, Elsa Carla; Mitchard, Edward

    2016-10-01

    Fires exacerbated during El Niño Southern Oscillation are a serious threat in Indonesia leading to the destruction and degradation of tropical forests and emissions of CO2 in the atmosphere. Forest structural changes which occurred due to the 1997-1998 El Niño Southern Oscillation in the Sungai Wain Protection Forest (East Kalimantan, Indonesia), a previously intact forest reserve have led to the development of a range of landcover from secondary forest to areas dominated by grassland. These structural differences can be appreciated over large areas by remote sensing instruments such as TanDEM-X and LiDAR that provide information that are sensitive to vegetation vertical and horizontal structure. One-point statistics of TanDEM-X coherence (mean and CV) and LiDAR CHM (mean, CV) and derived metrics such as vegetation volume and canopy cover were tested for the discrimination between 4 landcover classes. Jeffries-Matusita (JM) separability was high between forest classes (primary or secondary forest) and non-forest (grassland) while, primary and secondary forest were not separable. The study tests the potential and the importance of potential of TanDEM-X coherence and LiDAR observations to characterize structural heterogeneity based on one-point statistics in tropical forest but requires improved characterization using two-point statistical measures.

  10. COUNTER-TERRORISM IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordan Sebastian Meliala

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the incident of World Trade Center (WTC in USA, Indonesia has become an easy target for the next terrorism. Counterterrorist campaigns can be undertaken by military and paramilitary forces. Counterterrorism refers to proactive policies that specifically seek to eliminate terrorist environments and groups, Regardless of which policy is selected, the ultimate goal of counterterrorism is clear: to save lives by proactively preventing or decreasing the number of terrorist attacks. But, so far the Government of Indonesia is only able to capture the terrorists but is unable to eradicate terrorism. Therefore, the government of Indonesia still needs a comprehensive ways to counter terrorism in Indonesia

  11. Ads in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulan Roro Retno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmetics industry created the beauty myth for women through advertising. A cosmetic ad in Indonesia has spread a new concept of white skin: East Asia beauty myth. The white concept of Asia white skin basically derived from colonial legacy. The purpose of the research was analyzing the beauty myth in Indonesia ads using postcolonial perspective. The principal result brought the discourse analysis and postcolonial perspective a new insight in communication research. Particularly on media and cultural studies. Major conclusions showed that the beauty myth since the Dutch colonial period never been change. The main concept is always in colonialism’s idea: “white is better”. The West is better than the East.

  12. Regional Economic Development Strategy Based Agro-Industries in Key Region Kandangan South of Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Siska

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Agroindustry has become the main pillar in South Kalimantan development, it can be found in RPJPD 2005-2025. Kandangan mainstay region as one of three leading regions in South Kalimantan which potentially improved to push economy growth through agriculture based industry activity (agroindustry. The concept of agroindustry a side is expected to drive economic growth as well as to realize the equitable distribution of income. This research aims to: (1 identify to economic development of the region in Kandangan mainstay regions, (2 identify the main commodity, (3 identify means of supporting agroindustry, and (4 formulating development strategies based agroindustry region. Entropy analysis shows the development of the economy sufficiently developed in Kandangan mainstay region dominated by the agricultural sector, namely food crops subsector. LQ an SSA analysis shows corn and rice crops become competitive commodities. There are only few of supporting infrastructure agroindustry activities. Strategy formulation in the research is the improvement of infrastructure or infrastructure that can facilitate inter regional connectivity in the region mainstay Kandangan and the government as the leading actor agroindustry development.

  13. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PELAYANAN PUSKESMAS MANDIRI DI ERA DESENTRALISASI (Studi Kasus Di Propinsi Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiyawati Hoedijono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the challenge on implementation the UU No.22/1999 about Govermental Autonomy is the health center services management. Data and information showed that the health center is not well responsed in live with the autonomous principles of health center. Such as (1 health center still carried out 18 basic activities and has not separated between compulsory programs and innovative programs, (2 health center still employ the old management style (Perencanaan Tingkat Puskesmas, Lokakarya Mini, and Stratifikasi, and (3 there was no clear-cut separation of financing aspects between public goods and pnvate goods. Thts study is a crosssecltonal study carried out in Kalimantan Timur Provmce. The aim of this study was to develope an autonomous specific health center model in Kutat Kertanegara and Baltkpapan based on mdepth interview and focus group discusston among the health center leaders and the Balikpapan and Kutei Kertanegara health distncts. The result of thts study showed that the criteria of health center autonomous model in Kalimantan Province is able to carry out 'discretion of management' m the way that a health center can determme the types of programs/services, able to compete in health services market by privatisizing private goods (out-patient clinics, laboratory, m-patient climes, able to run an appropriate management effort corresponding to the type of programs/services to be managed.   Keywords: autonomous health center, decentralization, management discretion

  14. The Policy of Helminthiasis control and Public knowledge Againts Helminthiasis in banjar regency South kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juhairiyah Juhairiyah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available background: Helminthiasis is a neglected disease that lack of attention both prevention and handling. Eventhough helminthiasis is tent not to be deadly disease but it can reduce the nutrition that influence the growth and mental of the children. For the adult it brings out the reducing of productivity. That’s why it is very important to determine helminthiasis prevention strategies in South Kalimantan by doing a comprehensive effort to be the basic data for determining policies to helminthiasis control programs appropriatly. This study is aimed to know the specific aspects that retart the program of helminthiasis control in Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. Methods: It is descriptive study with cross sectional design. The data are collected by indepth interview to the policy holder that has connection with the helminthiasis control and the guardian of elementary schoo, they are 291 respondents. results: There has not any coordination yet between cross programs and sector to control helminthiasis and there has not any budget yet for helminthiasis program. Those are one of the obstruction that make helminthiasis program can not wotk effectively. The public knowledge of Banjar Regency about helminthiasis is in good level. There is no relationship between parental knowledge with helminthiasis, otherwise there is relationship between knowledge of children with helminthiasis. conclusion:Policy only focus on curative services due to helminthiasis is not a deadly disease. recommendation: Increasing the budget of program and improving the awareness of across sector and program will support helminthiasis control program.

  15. Efficiency Test of IRRI Fertilizing Recommendations on Rainfed Low Land Rice Field in West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hatta

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Fertilizing recommendation for lowland rice field in West Kalimantan is still in national scale and tends to be excessive. It is less relevant due to various factors such as the test method competence, the carrying capacity of the land, and the diverse condition of rice field agro-ecosystem. Site-specific nutrient management (SSNM is an approach for rice fertilizing on paddy plot based on science, history of land fertilization, and nutrient sources surrounding the area which can affect soil fertility level and soil conservation.This study was aimed to examine fertilizing efficiency of N, P, and K and the increased productivity of rice by utilizing software (website of the IRRI. The study was conducted in farmers fields in two villages, i.e. Anjongan and Pak Bulu, Pontianak Regency, West Kalimantan. The results showed that the SSNM fertilization on rice increased yields by the average of 0.62 t ha-1 (13.47% per growing season. The efficiency of SSNM fertilization was on the average of 22.05% N, 48.25% P2O5, and 31.50% K2O. The additional profits obtained from the SSNM recommendation was on the average of IDR 1,886,317 per ha pergrowing season compared to the profits from the FFP (farmer fertilizer practice.

  16. KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN LUAS RELUNG BEBERAPA JENIS UDANG DAN IKAN DI PESISIR MUARA KAKAP, KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Endah Purnamaningtyas

    2015-08-01

    rendah, baikmakanan maupun ruang. Shrimp and fish resources are export commodities of the fisheries sector and are a main target for fishing effort inWest Kalimantan. Food is an important key to the growth and survival of fish. The purpose of this study was to evaluate eating habits and extensive niche some kind of shrimp and fish in the coastal waters of Muara Snapper,West Kalimantan. Samples were obtained from shrimp and fish catches of fishermen landed at the fish auction place as much as 4 replications (March, June, September and November 2012. The analytical method used to determine the feeding habits of fish is a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis using the lion’s share index (index of preponderance and estimated trophic level of fish jens using clustering analysis (dendogram based on the Euclidean distance of the complete linkage (complete linkange. The results showed that the group of shrimp in these waters are generally scavengers (scavenger in the form of remnants of animal and vegetable organisms that are in the bottom waters. The fish in the waters of many utilizing crustaceans, plants and worms as a source of food, so the chances are very low competition, good food and space.

  17. PEMANFAATAN DATA SATELIT TROPICAL RAINFALL MEASURING MISSION (TRMM UNTUK PEMETAAN ZONA AGROKLIMAT OLDEMAN DI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riza Arian Noor

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The irregularity of observation sites distribution and network density, lack data availability and discontinuity are the obstacles to analyzing and producing the information of agroclimate zone in South Kalimantan. TRMM satellite needs to be researched to overcome the limitations of surface observation data. This study intended to validate TRMM 3B43 satellite data with surface rainfall, to produce Oldeman agroclimate zone based on TRMM satellite data and to analyze the agroclimate zone for agricultural resources management. Data validation is done using the statistical method by analyzing the correlation value (r and RMSE (Root Mean Square Error. The agroclimate zone is classified based on Oldeman climate classification type. The calculation results are mapped spatially using Arc GIS 10.2 software. The validation result of the TRMM satellite and surface rainfall data shows a high correlation value for the monthly average. The value of correlation coefficient is 0,97 and 25 mm for RMSE value. Oldeman agroclimate zone based on TRMM satellite data in south Kalimantan is divided into five climate zones, such as B1, B2, C1, C2, and D1.

  18. Box Model of Freshwater, Salinity and Nutrient in the Delta Mahakam, East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marojahan Simanjuntak

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Box Model of Freshwater, Salinity and Nutrient in the Delta Mahakam, East Kalimantan. Research has been conducted in the southern part of the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan. Method of measuring temperature, salinity, light transmission and turbidity by using CTD model 603 SBE and current measurement and bathymetry by using ADCP model RDI. Measurement parameters on the nutrient chemistry are based of water samples taken using Nansen bottles from two depths. The purpose of this study to determine the mechanism of freshwater, salinity and nutrient transport from the land of the Mahakam River which interact with seawater by using box models. The results illustrate that the vertical distribution of salinity in the Mahakam Delta has obtained a high stratification, where the freshwater salinity 12.30 psu at the surface of a river flowing toward the sea, and seawater of high salinity 30.07 psu flowing in the direction river under the surface that are separated by a layer of mixture. Freshwater budget of the sea (VSurf obtained for 0,0306 x 109 m3 day-1, and the sea water salinity budget is going into the bottom layer system (VDeep.SOcn-d obtained for 20,727 x 109 psu day-1. While time dilution (Syst obtained for 0.245 day-1 or 5.87 hours. Nutrient budget in the surface layer obtained by the system is autotrophic while in layers near the bottom tend to be heterotrophic

  19. Daya Dukung Jalur Pendakian Bukit Raya Di Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Raya Kalimantan Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toto Aryanto

    2017-04-01

      ABSTRACT Their efforts to save the forests and increase the amount of benefit, at this time began use of environmental services, one through nature tourism activities. Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park as a conservation area has been used as a natural tourism activities and one of them is climbing Bukit Raya. In addition to have a positive impact, climbing activities also had a negative impact if it does not pay attention to the environmental carrying capacity climbing lane itself. This study aimed to calculate the carrying capacity Bukit Raya hiking paths that are on the West Kalimantan. The method used in this research is to calculate the physical carrying capacity (PCC, the real carrying capacity (RCC and the effective carrying capacity (ECC with the formula developed by Cifuentes (1992. Calculation shows the value of PCC in Bukit Raya hiking trail is 200 people per day, RCC sebannyak 15 people per day and Bukit Raya ECC climbing path can not be calculated due to the lack of tread design that affect the facility and the appointment of management personnel definitively. Keywords:  Capability, Trailhead, Ecotourism, National Park, Bukit Raya Cara sitasi: Aryanto ,T., Purnaweni, H., dan Soeprobowati, T. R. (2016. Daya Dukung Jalur Pendakian Bukit Raya di Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Bukit Raya Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan,14(2,72-76, doi:10.14710/jil.14.2.72-76

  20. Kiprah Lulusan Program Studi Manajemen Pendidikan Islam Pada Dunia Kerja Di Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Iwan Abdi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This research was to measure the level of satisfaction users of Management Education Islam alumnus at public and privat sectors. Furthermore, the research is to mapping the types of professions and distribution of alumnus in East Kalimantan. The aims of this research are to know key position and to measure level of satisfaction of the carrier institutions that use alumnus of Management Education Islam at East Kalimantan. This research is qualitative descriptive with study case approach. Writer used observation, questionnaire and documentation to collect data. Analysis of data using percentage formula and mean test. The conclusions are: (1 Alumnus of Management Education Islam has key position at carrier world with professions: Administration Staff at College, Bank Teller, Customer Service at Bank, Administration at Finance and at Telkomsel, Imam KUA, and Board on Religius Organizations; (2 Distribution of alumnus: Samarinda, Balikpapan, Nunukan, Tarakan, Bulungan and Paser; (3 59% alumnus has key position appropriate with their academic background and 41% not appropriate; and (4 Level of measurement of the user of the alumnus at 2,318. It is at range 1,668-2,334 that means satisfy.  So we can say that alumnus of Management Education Islam in order to do their job is good enough.

  1. RICE MARKETING SYSTEM A SOLUTION FOR INCREASING REVENUE FARMERS IN WEST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana C.Kilmanun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One of expectation want to be reached by development West Kalimantan is making regency Kubu Raya as " buffer Stock" rice for West Kalimantan. Problems is hitherto the solution rice marketing by society of Sui Itik. The price sell still be very low and have an effect to peasant earnings for this article aim to system of paddy marketing specially rice of Sui Itik village and is the solution which must be taken in rice marketing in Sui Itik. Collected by data is primary data representing result interview with method approach of Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA and gathering data by method of Stratifide Random Sampling. Collected data later;then be analysed in diskriptif. The study aims to: 1. to increase knowledge about marketing management hence need conducted by training about marketing management to peasant of Sui Itik village. 2 system and Good market information very have an effect on reality to fluency of rice marketing of Sui Itik village. 3 system of Rice marketing in Multi Level Marketing (MLM expected to expand since this system of fluenting rice marketing. 4. Governmental policy about stability of price shell of rice affected farmers.

  2. Religious Practices and Local Magic of Inland Malay Society in West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermansyah Hasan Nuh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Belief and practice as part of culture which exists in society is the result of a dynamic process that is growing and developing, and affected by both internal and external aspects of the society. All of this is a manifestation of a continuity of the treasures of humanity. Derivation and transfer of a culture toward forming a new more complex culture is natural and inevitable. There is no culture and civilization in the world built without relationship and interchange with other cultures and civilizations. It is also the case with the religious life of the rural community in West Kalimantan which is the subject of the study in this article. This continuity shows that local communities have a vibrant culture passed down from one generation to the next. The existence of tradition heritage recorded in magic called ilmu in inland Islamic societies of West Kalimantan shows that their peaceful process of accepting Islam since its spread, to a certain extent, accommodates local culture. The dialectic process of Islam and local culture serves as an example of religious acceptance in a massive fashion in a region far away from the coastal area.

  3. REVIEW: Social and Environmental Issues of Danau Sentarum National Park, West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TSUYOSHI KATO

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Danau Sentarum National Park (DSNP is a cluster of lakes located in Kapuas Hulu District, West Kalimantan Province with the total area of 132,000 ha. From 1981 to January 1999 this site was recognized as Suaka Margasatwa Danau Sentarum (Danau Sentarum Wildlife Reserve. Since 1994 this site had been declared as Ramsar site. DSNP is a “monumental site”, since the only undisturbed peat swamp forest was found in this site. Peat swamp forest in the national park stores the oldest tropical peat in the world. The lakes and the peat swamp forest in DSNP that always flood is the biggest water reservoir for West Kalimantan Province. Peat swamp forest in the national park served as water reservoir in the national park, which was able to keep 300 – 400 % of moisture content from dry weight basis. Based on our investigation, the decreasing income of fisherman and natural resources destruction affected other community to do illegal logging supported by investors from neighboring country in which they can get cash money easily. Using special approaches in law enforcement, technological, socio-economical, socio cultural and ecological aspects should solve social problems faced by DSNP. Eco-tourism might be one alternative solution for DSNP as one of tourism object.

  4. Local Rice Cultivars Grown on Tidal Swampland Near Coastal Area in South Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erry Purnomo

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Local farmers in South Kalimantan (Banjarese farmers use to grow local rice cultivars. The local rice growing areas are varied with distance from the coastal line. Consequently, the degree of salinity also varied. To overcome the salinity problem, farmers do their last transplanting earlier than the farmers in the inland area and grow the local rice cultivars that they believe tolerant to salinity. In this study, we investigate the local rice cultivars grown by the farmers in the coastal areas. Sixty paddocks were selected in Pulantan, Aluh-Aluh, Simpang Warga and Bunipah Villages, Aluh-Aluh District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. The rice yield of each paddock was estimated by sampling 3 x 5 hills in 3 replicates. The soil was collected within the 3 x 5 hills area and analysed their electric conductivity (EC and pH. We found that there were four families of local rice cultivars grown, namely, Palas, Bayar, Pandak and Siam families. Among all local rice cultivars grown, it was revealed that Pandak Putih and Siam Unus produced the highest yields. However, according to the farmers, Palas and Bayar families are the common rice tolerant to salinity. The good price of Siam family and good yield of Pandak family at other paddocks might become the considerant of growing such rice families in the study site.

  5. HISTORISITAS POLITIK PEREMPUAN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Wasisto Raharjo Jati

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to analyze historicity of political participation and representation of women in the political landscape in Indonesia. This paper used the perspective of feminism theory as core analysis in reviewing its issue. Periodicity of Indonesian women's political participation is very volatile and depends on the political situation contemporary. Indonesian women's political participation in the era of colonialism experienced domestication, revivalism in the Sukarno era, stigmatizatio...

  6. Designing Futures in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Crosby

    2016-08-01

    This curated issue takes as its departure point Fry’s notion that design broadly shapes the world we occupy. To ask what happens when the world we occupy is not conceived simply in terms of local issues and solutions, but rather as a set of shared concerns that are localised and play out through global flows. To do so this issue presents ten contributions from Indonesia.

  7. Indonesia's migration transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugo, G

    1995-01-01

    This article describes population movements in Indonesia in the context of rapid and marked social and economic change. Foreign investment in Indonesia is increasing, and global mass media is available to many households. Agriculture is being commercialized, and structural shifts are occurring in the economy. Educational levels are increasing, and women's role and status are shifting. Population migration has increased over the decades, both short and long distance, permanent and temporary, legal and illegal, and migration to and between urban areas. This article focuses specifically on rural-to-urban migration and international migration. Population settlements are dense in the agriculturally rich inner areas of Java, Bali, and Madura. Although the rate of growth of the gross domestic product was 6.8% annually during 1969-94, the World Bank ranked Indonesia as a low-income economy in 1992 because of the large population size. Income per capita is US $670. Indonesia is becoming a large exporter of labor to the Middle East, particularly women. The predominance of women as overseas contract workers is changing women's role and status in the family and is controversial due to the cases of mistreatment. Malaysia's high economic growth rate of over 8% per year means an additional 1.3 million foreign workers and technicians are needed. During the 1980s urban growth increased at a very rapid rate. Urban growth tended to occur along corridors and major transportation routes around urban areas. It is posited that most of the urban growth is due to rural-to-urban migration. Data limitations prevent an exact determination of the extent of rural-to-urban migration. More women are estimated to be involved in movements to cities during the 1980s compared to the 1970s. Recruiters and middlemen have played an important role in rural-to-urban migration and international migration.

  8. Determinan Kebahagiaan Di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theresia Puji Rahayu

    2016-08-01

      Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor penentu kebahagiaan di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan data antar ruang/silang tempat dari Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS wave 4, 2007, studi ini mengambil 17,650 pengamatan yang diestimasi menggunakan model Oprobit. Model Oprobit dipilih karena adanya variabel respon ordinal dan asumsi normal dalam distribusi kesalahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebahagiaan di Indonesia secara positif dipengaruhi oleh pendapatan, tingkat pendidikan, status kesehatan yang dirasakan dan modal sosial. Namun demikian, modal sosial yang berkaitan dengan agama dan etnis tidak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kebahagiaan. Semua prediktor bersifat robust. Karakteristik demografi menginformasikan bahwa orang yang menikah, bukan kepala rumah tangga, tinggal di daerah perkotaan, berada di luar pulau Jawa-Bali dan dari suku Jawa lebih bahagia daripada yang lain. Riset ini juga menemukan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan dalam tingkat kebahagiaan antara pria dan wanita. Kemudian, hubungan antara kebahagiaan dan usia menunjukkan kurva yang berbentuk U. Terakhir, efek marjinal menunjukkan efek yang berbeda untuk setiap tingkat kebahagiaan karena perubahan unit variabel independen.

  9. Tobacco Diversity in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djajadi Djajadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Tobacco variants in Indonesia are very diverse which can be identified from their morphology or their characteristics. This is related to tobacco long adaptation in different agro ecology of plantation areas which spread out at 15 provinces, from dry to irrigated land and from low land to high land areas. Tobacco has been introduced in Indonesia for more than four centuries and mostly used as cigarette. This commodity and its products are still economically important for government and farmer income. It contributes in government income which reached up to 114 trillion rupiahs and farmer income up to 70% in 2014. Tobacco diversity in Indonesia can be grouped according to their growing season and their usage in cigarette blending. Tobaccos which grown at the end of wet season and harvested in dry season are called Voor Oogst tobaccos, otherwise tobaccos which grown at dry season and harvested in wet season are called Na Oogst tobaccos. Based on their usage, tobaccos are categorized as main ingredients for kretek cigarette, Rolled Your Own (RYO cigarette, and cigar industries.

  10. Tropospheric O3 over Indonesia during biomass burning events measured with GOME (Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment) and compared with backtrajectory calculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladstaetter-Weissenmayer, A.; Meyer-Arnek, J.; Burrows, J. P.

    During the dry season, biomass burning is an important source of ozone precursors for the tropical troposphere, and ozone formation can occur in biomass burning plumes originating in Indonesia and northern Australia. Satellite based GOME (Global Ozone Measuring experiment) data are used to characterize the amount of tropospheric ozone production over this region during the El Niño event in September 1997 compared to a so called "normal" year 1998. Large scale biomass burning occurred over Kalimantan in 1997 caused by the absence of the northern monsoon rains, leading to significant increases in tropospheric ozone. Tropospheric ozone was determined from GOME data using the Tropospheric Excess Method (TEM). Backtrajectory calculations show that Indonesia is influenced every summer by the emissions of trace gases from biomass buring over northern Australia. But in 1997 over Indonesia an increasing of tropospheric ozone amounts can be observed caused by the fires over Indonesia itself as well as by northern Australia. The analysis of the measurements of BIBLE-A (Biomass Burning and Lightning Experiment) and using ATSR (Along the Track Scanning Radiometer) data show differences in the view to the intensity of fire counts and therefore in the amount of the emission of precursors of tropospheric ozone comparing September 1997 to September 1998.

  11. KARAKTERISTIK PATI DARI BATANG SAGU KALIMANTAN BARAT PADA TAHAP PERTUMBUHAN YANG BERBEDA Characteristics of Starch from West Kalimantan Sago Trunks at Different Growth Stages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maherawati Maherawati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Sago (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. is a potentially starch source crop. However, in West Kalimantan the use of sago is still limited. There is lack information about sago starch characteristics in relation to growth stages of the palm. Therefore, this study was aimed to observe the characteristics of sago starch extracted from the trunk at variatious growth stages. Sago trunks were taken from Sui Bemban and Sui Ambawang villages, Kubu Raya regency, West Kalimantan. They were classified into four different physiological growth stages, namely dewasa (9 yr, jantung (10 yr, rusa (11 yr, and bunga (12 yr old. The starch was extracted in laboratory and then dried at 50 °C. Dried sago starches were analyzed for their chemical compositions (moisture, fat, protein, ash, carbohydrate, fibre, and amylose contents, physical cha- racteristics (colour and the granule form, functional characteristics (water absorpsion, oil absorpsion, swelling power, and solubility. Pasting properties were  characterized by Brabender amylograhpy. Results indicated that chemical composition and physical characteristics of the sago starches extracted from 9-12 year-old trunks were not signifi- cantly differrent. The highest rendement obtained from 10 – 11 year-old trunks. Amylose content was 41.8 % which was categorized as high. Functional characteristics as shown by the amylograph revealed that sago starch has type-C curve. Starch extracted from 9 yr old trunk gave the highest paste viscosity which was the most suitable for for use in product that needs a strong gelling property. ABSTRAK Sagu (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. sangat potensial sebagai sumber pati, namun di Kalimantan Barat pemanfaatan sagu sebagai sumber pati masih terbatas. Belum ada informasi mengenai hubungan tahap pertumbuhan dengan sifat-sifat pati sagu yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik pati sagu pada beberapa tahap pertumbuh- an. Tanaman sagu diperoleh dari Desa Sui Bemban dan

  12. Exploring Indonesia: Past and Present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schelander, Bjorn

    This book provides an overview of Indonesia's history and culture. The book begins with prehistoric times and continues through nationhood. Each chapter provides background information along with student activities and project suggestions. Chapters include: (1) "Introduction to the Lands and Peoples of Indonesia"; (2) "Early…

  13. ANALISIS DAYA SAING KEDELAI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarwono Sarwono

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage index of soybean in Indonesia from 1983 up to 2013 is less than one, mostly. It means that the competitiveness of soybean in Indonesia is low. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors influence the soybean competitiveness. OLS (Ordinary Least Square was used as the analysis method. Hypotheses test based on that analysis model is not bias, so that, classic divergence test is needed. It is for getting the Best Linier Unbiased Estimator (BLUE appraisal. T statistic and F statistic were also applied. The result of this research shows that production and export have positive and significant influence. In addition, exchange rate and government policy do not influence the Indonesia soybean competitiveness.Indeks RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage kedelai Indonesia dari tahun 1983-2013 kecenderungan bernilai kurang dari satu yang berarti daya saing kedelai Indonesia rendah.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi daya saing kedelai Indonesia.Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Ordinary Least Square (OLS.Pengujian hipotesis berdasarkan model analisis tersebut tidak bias maka perlu dilakukan uji penyimpangan klasik yang tujuannya agar diperoleh penaksiran yang bersifat Best Linier Unbiased Estimator (BLUE.Pengujian statistik menggunakan uji t statistikdan uji f statistik.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa produksi dan ekspor berpengaruh secara positif dan signifikan terhadap daya saing kedelai Indonesia. Nilai tukar rupiah dan kebijakan pemerintah tidak berpengaruh terhadap daya saing kedelai Indonesia.

  14. GAMBARAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU NON NAKES TERHADAP FAKTOR RISIKO DAN KOMPLIKASI KEHAMILAN DAN PERSALINAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN RUJUKAN (Studi di Kabupaten Banjar dan Tanah Laut Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rukmini Rukmini

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: In Indonesia the maternal deaths at rural areas was still high because most deliveries were conducted by non health workers and many occurred homes. Early detection for risk factors, complicated pregnancies and deliveries are one of the efforts to prevent the maternal deaths in community. The purpose of the study was to determine knowledge, attitude and behavior of the non health workers on risk factors, complicated pregnancies and deliveries. Methods: It was an observational study with a cross sectional approach, sample were taken purposively. The study was conducted at four public health center in two district (Banjar and Tanah Laut in South Kalimantan Province. Respondents were non health workers composed of traditional birth attendants (TBAs, Posyandu cadres and families of pregnant and deliveries mothers. Results: The study showed that the majority of respondents had low knowledge on risk factors and complicated pregnancies and deliveries. The majority of respondents, 95% cadres and 83.3% family members were disagree if the delivery services only assisted by health workers. Furthermore, the majority of TBAs (65% agreed that deliveries would be assisted by health workers if they were given some compensation. The majority of the patients would be referred to health facilities if they were found complicated pregnancies and deliveries. Therefore, the knowledge of non health workers has to be improved. So that they have good knowledge and abilities to refer patients rightly and promptly. Key words: the non health workers, knowledge, attitude, behavior, referring, risk factors, complicated pregnancies and deliveries

  15. The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Susan E.; Siegert, Florian; Rieley, John O.; Boehm, Hans-Dieter V.; Jaya, Adi; Limin, Suwido

    2002-11-01

    Tropical peatlands are one of the largest near-surface reserves of terrestrial organic carbon, and hence their stability has important implications for climate change. In their natural state, lowland tropical peatlands support a luxuriant growth of peat swamp forest overlying peat deposits up to 20 metres thick. Persistent environmental change-in particular, drainage and forest clearing-threatens their stability, and makes them susceptible to fire. This was demonstrated by the occurrence of widespread fires throughout the forested peatlands of Indonesia during the 1997 El Niño event. Here, using satellite images of a 2.5 million hectare study area in Central Kalimantan, Borneo, from before and after the 1997 fires, we calculate that 32% (0.79Mha) of the area had burned, of which peatland accounted for 91.5% (0.73Mha). Using ground measurements of the burn depth of peat, we estimate that 0.19-0.23gigatonnes (Gt) of carbon were released to the atmosphere through peat combustion, with a further 0.05Gt released from burning of the overlying vegetation. Extrapolating these estimates to Indonesia as a whole, we estimate that between 0.81 and 2.57Gt of carbon were released to the atmosphere in 1997 as a result of burning peat and vegetation in Indonesia. This is equivalent to 13-40% of the mean annual global carbon emissions from fossil fuels, and contributed greatly to the largest annual increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration detected since records began in 1957 (ref. 1).

  16. POTRET VEKTOR MALARIA DAN FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN SEMBAKUNG KABUPATEN NUNUKAN PROPINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    OpenAIRE

    Lukman Waris

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT The animal resources  infectious diseases, especially malaria and filariasis remains a public health problems, especially in the tropics because the prevalence is quite high. Malaria and filariasis generally invade countries that are developing, including in Indonesia, especially in communities withlow socio-economic in rural areas. Nunukan strategic location in the economic field is relatively favorable for Indonesia, but in the health field area into a region with an epidemiologic...

  17. Residu Gula Glikokonjugat pada Lambung Depan Kerbau Rawa (Bubalus bubalis Kalimantan Selatan (SUGAR RESIDU OF GLYCOCONJUGATES IN FORESTOMACH OF SOUTH KALIMANTAN SWAMP BUFFALO (BUBALUS BUBALIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anni Nurliani

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The ability of swamp buffaloes to adapt with swamp environment was suggested to be supported bytheir digestive system efficiency. The research was done to obtain scientific explanation about digestiveefficiency of swamp buffalo by identification on kinds and distribution of glycoconjugates in swamp buffaloforestomach. Six male swamp buffaloes aged more than 2.5 year old and had body weight between 300-400kg were used in this study. Samples were obtained from Regency of Banjar slaughter house, SouthKalimantan. Every parts of the forestomach included rumen, reticulum, and omasum was taken andprocessed for microscopic observation with hematoxyline eosin (HE and alcian blue-periodic acid schiff(AB-PAS stainings. Sugar residues of glycoconjugates were localized with lectin histochemistry wheatgerm agglutinin (WGA, ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA, ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA, concanavalinagglutinin (Con A, and soybean agglutinin (SBA. Every part of swamp buffalo forestomach had kinds ofspecific glycoconjugates with special distribution pattern which were different with other ruminant, andwere suitable for their functions in that part. The existence of D mannose/D glucose glycoconjugates thatwas dominant in forestomach estimated that had important role in supporting fermentative digestionfunction in swamp buffalo, through its function as receptor bacteria attachment. This is suggested as aspecial characteristic in digestive system of swamp buffalo which causes high digestive efficiency inswamp buffalo.

  18. Potential fraudulent behaviors in e-procurement implementation in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huda, S. N.; Setiani, N.; Pulungan, R.; Winarko, E.

    2017-03-01

    Corruptions in public procurement have occurred in various parts of the world, especially in developing countries. Implementation of SPSE (electronic procurement system) as the e-procurement system in Indonesia is based on the government’s intentions towards clean and good governance by fighting corruption, collusion, and nepotism. Procurement in Indonesia is carried out through SPSE, which is developed by LKPP (Government Policy on Procurement of Goods/Services). Although this system has brought many positive effects, there are still found many practices of fraud occurring in the implementation of the system. In this paper, we try to identify these practices and then to systematically categorize and analyze them.

  19. Konflik dalam Penentuan Dana Bagi Hasil antara Pemerintah Pusat dan Pemerintah Propinsi Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tenti Kurniawati

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to explain two basic analyzes related to the central conflict of Revenue Sharing between East Kalimantan Province with the central government. Firstly, the factor in revenue-sharing conflict between producing regions and the central government. The decentralization policy which is followed by fiscal decentralization makes the revenue sharing obtained under Law No.33 of 2004 on Financial Balance. Unfortunately, the policy is felt to be unfair to the area, because it is not comparable to the impact of the area, and there is no positive correlation to the public welfare. Secondly, the impact of the conflict other than to bear the social and environmental impact on natural resources exploitation also the potential of threatening disintegration. Vertical conflict between regional and central government, it can affect the horizontal conflict if the maintenance of the conflict is not good and don’t find the best resolution.

  20. Adsoption Model of Mercury in the Water-Sediment Systems in Riam Kanan Dam, South Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utami Irawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Riam Kanan  Dam reservoir is one of living source for the people of South Kalimantan and has a strategic value for their prosperity. Traditional and illegal mining activities nearby the area of this dam may cause heavy metals pollution, such as mercury (Hg in the water and sediment. This research was conducted to predict  the adsorption model of mercury (Hg in water and sediment system in Riam Kanan reservoir  Banjar regency.  The modeling was carried out by analyzing the content of mercury (Hg in the water  and sediments. The result was then plotted into Freundlich and Langmuir models. The determination coefficient for each of the models were 0.947 and 0.388 respectively. It can be concluded that the transport of mercury (Hg from water bodies  onto the sediment complies with Freundlich model.

  1. Perlindungan Indikasi Geografis bagi Produsen Hasil Pertanian Lahan Basah di Propinsi Kalimantan Selatan1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tavinayati

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perlindungan hukum terhadap pe-megang hak atas indikasi geografis hasil pertanian lahan basah di Kalimantan Selatan. Perlindungan hukum diperoleh apabila pihak produsen penghasil barang hasil pertanian mengajukan pendaftaran guna memperoleh hak atas indikasi geografis. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian hukum empiris. Teknik penarikan sampel secara purposive sampling. Alat pengumpul data dengan studi dokumen dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukan ada 4 (empat tanaman khas lahan basah di Kabupaten Banjar dan Kabu-paten Barito Kuala yang memenuhi kriteriaindikasi geografis yaitu padi siam mutiara, padi siam saba, jeruk siam Banjar dan nenas Tamban. Pengetahuan mengenai manfaat indikasi geografis serta koperasi yang menjadi wadah produsen banyak yang tidak aktif lagi, sehingga menjadi kendala bagi produsen dalam mengajukan pendaftaran indikasi geografis.

  2. PERANAN PROGRAM COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PERUSAHAAN BATUBARA MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT (STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN TANAH BUMBU, KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulan Metafurry

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Community development (comdev is a form of corporate social responsibility program to increase community welfare. On the other side, comdev also aims to minimize the impact arising from mining activities. The present study aims to analyze the benefit of comdev and to calculate comdev contribution to increase community welfare. The method used to answer the research are Second Order Confirmatory Factor Analysis (2nd CFA and Multiple Linier Regression with Principal Component Analysis (PCA. The result show that benefit of comdev was perceived by community in Tanah Bumbu, South Kalimantan. Comdev also contributes positively to increase human resource development in Tanah Bumbu, but comdev not enough to compensate for the negative impact of mining especially enviromental issues.

  3. The Islamization of Southern Kalimantan: Sufi Spiritualism, Ethnic Identity, Political Activism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Chalmers

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Sufism was the first form of Islam to be brought to Kalimantan, as was the case throughout most of Southeast Asia. Increasing numbers of Muslim traders and itinerant Sufi preachers came to the Indies from the 13th century onwards, and by the 16th century Islam had become a significant presence throughout the archipelago, especially in port cities and elsewhere on the coast. The popularity of Sufism grew rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries as increasing numbers of the faithful returned from the pilgrimage (haj to Medina and Mecca, bringing the faith back with them to various communities scattered throughout the islands' This growth in the numbers of pilgrims (haji had direct political significance, for they had inevitably come into contact with new religio-political ideas while in the Holy Land.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v14i3.542

  4. Kembalinya Konservatisme Islam Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Din Wahid

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Martin van Bruinessen, ed, Contemporary Development in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the “Conservative Turn”, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2013, pp. 240 + xxxiv.Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam: Explaining the ‘Conservative Turn’ consists of four articles analyzing conservative currents among Muslims in Indonesia. The  book’s first two articles deal with established Muslim organizations, namely the Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama (MUI and Muhammadiyah, while the other two discuss radical Islamic movements in the regions of South Celebes and Solo, Central Java. Written by van Bruinessen, the book examines why the conservative trend has reemerged in Indonesian Islam. The author provides readers with two theories. Firstly, he argues that a decline in the influence of liberal thought has accompanied the democratization process. Secondly, he identifies an increase of Middle Eastern influence to Indonesia through alumni. This work shows that conservatism is not only apparent in radical Islamic movements that have emerged during the Reformation era but also present in well-established organizations such as MUI and Muhammadiyah. The significance of this work to the study of Indonesian Islam lies in its explanation of how conservatism enters those organizations.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i2.1043

  5. MEMAJUKAN KEBUDAYAAN NASIONAL INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amri Marzali

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article a definition of culture is proposed in relation with the program of “the development of the Indonesian Culture.” This program, which is stated in the Indonesian Constitution, article No. 32, is the responsibility of the government of the Republic Indonesia to implement. The proposed definition is a result of an explorative study on the definitions of culture used in four important sources. The sources are anthropology, various disciplines of science beyond anthropology, articles written by Indonesian cultural thinkers and a document published by UNESCO in 1983. Culture, according to the proposed definition is “the capacity or capabilities of the intellectual, emotional, and spiritual features of a social group which function to enhance the human dignity of the group.” By using this definition, it is hoped, the government of the Republic Indonesia will be able to design a public policy on “the development of the Indonesian Culture”, which is both modifiable and measurable.

  6. Inventory of Forts in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinandi, N.; Suryaningsih, F.

    2015-08-01

    The great archipelago in Indonesia with its wealthy and various nature, the products and commodities of tropic agriculture and the rich soil, was through the centuries a region of interest for other countries all over the world. For several reasons some of these countries came to Indonesia to establish their existence and tried to monopolize the trading. These countries such as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch and the British built strengthened trade stations which later became forts all over Indonesia to defend their interest. The archipelago of Indonesia possesses a great number of fortification-works as legacies of native rulers and those which were built by European trading companies and later became colonial powers in the 16th to the 19th centuries. These legacies include those specific structures built as a defence system during pre and within the period of World War II. These fortresses are nowadaysvaluable subjects, because they might be considered as shared heritage among these countries and Indonesia. It's important to develop a vision to preserve these particular subjects of heritage, because they are an interesting part of the Indonesian history and its cultural treasures. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has national program to compile a comprehensive documentation of the existing condition of these various types of forts as cultural heritage. The result of the 3 years project was a comprehensive 442 forts database in Indonesia, which will be very valuable to the implementation of legal protection, preservation matters and adaptive re-use in the future.

  7. CEK SILANG MIKROSKOPIS SEDIAAN DARAH MALARIA PADA MONITORING PENGOBATAN DIHIDROARTEMISININ-PIPERAKUIN DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Ariyanti

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Quality assurance of malaria microscopy is an important issue in health service and health research for a better case management. In monitoring Dyhydroartemisinin-Piperaquine, quality assurance was a part of this research activities at sentinel sites in Kalimantan and Sulawesi. This activity was carried out to confirmed diagnosis of malaria cases that could be analysed, and to evaluate the skill of microscopists to be improved in the future. Quality assurance was assessed based on the results of cross-checking malaria smears which done blindly by certified microscopist from Laboratory of  Parasitology ,National Institute of Health Research and Development, The quality of smears were mostly good, however the error rate was still high (10.9%. Therefore, a better and continuing planning and strategiy is needed to improve and mantain the quality  of  skill microscopists. Keywords: malaria; microscopic, Dyhydroartemisinin-Piperaquine   Abstrak Pemantapan kualitas mikroskopis malaria merupakan isue penting dalam pelayanan dan penelitian kesehatan untuk penanganan kasus yang lebih baik. Pada monitoring pengobatan Dihidroartemisinin-Piperakuin, pemantapan kualitas merupakan bagian dari kegiatan penelitian tersebut di lokasi sentinel (Kalimantan dan Sulawesi. Pemantapan dilakukan untuk mendapatkan kepastian diagnosis kasus malaria yang dapat dianalisis, dan sebagai evaluasi ketrampilan mikroskopis untuk perbaikan dan peningkatan di masa datang. Pemantapan kualitas dinilai berdasarkan hasil cek silang sediaan darah malaria secara blinded yang dilakukan oleh mikroskopis tersertifikasi dari Laboratorium Parasitologi Badan Litbang Kesehatan. Hasil cek silang menunjukkan kualitas  sediaan darah sebagian besar sudah baik meskipun untuk error rate masih tinggi mencapai 10,9%. Oleh sebab itu dibutuhkan rencana dan strategi yang baik dan berkelanjutan untuk memperbaiki dan mempertahankan kualitas tenaga mikroskopis malaria yang handal.   Keywords

  8. Analisis Kinerja Usahatani Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Rakyat Melalui Pola Kemitraan di Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suharno Suharno

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available There are three models of partnership in the development of smallholders plantation of palm oil in Center of Kalimantan Province, those are: (1 inti-plasma model that is managed by cooperative; (2 inti-plasma model that is managed by company; (3 inti-plasma model that is managed by individual farmers.  This research aims to find the best partnership model amongst them. This research has been done in Kotawaringin Barat District for the first and the third type of  models and in Katingan District for the second type. Collecting data and informations was done by Focus Group Discussion (FGD and interviewed to the farmer respondents. A random sampling of 30 farmers was chosen for the first and the second models. For the second model, all of the farmers who follow the program as many as 20 farmers was chosen as this research respondent. The research found that the first type of those models is the best amongst of the partnership models because of following reasons: (1 highest productivity, about 20 tonnes FFB/ha/year; (2 highest farmer income about Rp 15,682,711/ha/year; (3 business risks are shared by all of the cooperative members; (4 there is guarantee of the input supply and marketing of farming yied from company as a business partner; (5 farmers have some opportunities to increase their household income as company workers or through the other activities. This research recommends to the Government of  Kalimantan Tengah Province  to oblige the plantation companies to implement an inti-palsma partnership model that is managed by cooperative for whom obligation to develop about 20% of their plantation area for smallholders.

  9. KARAKTERISTIK TEKNIS ALAT TANGKAP PUKAT CINCIN DI PERAIRAN TELUK APAR, KABUPATEN PASER - KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahiswara Mahiswara

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Pukat cincin merupakan salah satu alat tangkap yang dioperasikan nelayan di Perairan Teluk Apar, Kalimantan Timur. Pukat cincin Teluk Apar tergolong pukat cincin jaring lingkar dan menggunakan material sederhana dalam konstruksinya. Penelitian pukat cincin bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik secara teknis. Metode deskriptif-observatif digunakan untuk menghimpun data. Analisis data digunakan untuk menentukan nilai rasio antara daya tenggelam dan daya apung. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa, nilai rasio antara daya tenggelam dan daya apung pukat cincin Teluk Apar adalah 1,68. Penggunaan material polyvynil chloride (PVC dan batu kali, mengurangi efektivitas pukat cincin. Penggunaan material yang tepat (kuningan untuk cincin, timah hitam untuk pemberat, penambahan waktu rendam rumpon dan meningkatkan kemampuan jangkauan daerah penangkapan dapat mengoptimalkan kinerja pukat cincin Teluk Apar.  Purse seine is one of the fishing gear that operated in Teluk Apar water, East Kalimantan. Teluk apar purse seine is categorized a ring net and constructed by using simple materials. The aims of study is to determine the technical characteristics of teluk apar purse seine. Descriptive and observation methods are used to gather data. Analysis of the data used to determine the value of the ratio between the sinking force and buoyancy. The result showed that the ratio between the sinking force and buoyancy of teluk apar purse seine is 1,68. The use of polyvynil chloride (PVC and the stone, reducing the effectiveness of purse seine. The use of appropriate materials (bronze for ring and plumbum for sinker, the addition of FADs soak time and improve the fishing ground coverage can optimize the performance of Teluk Apar purse seine.

  10. Regional air quality impacts of future fire emissions in Sumatra and Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlier, Miriam E.; DeFries, Ruth S.; Kim, Patrick S.; Gaveau, David L. A.; Koplitz, Shannon N.; Jacob, Daniel J.; Mickley, Loretta J.; Margono, Belinda A.; Myers, Samuel S.

    2015-05-01

    Fire emissions associated with land cover change and land management contribute to the concentrations of atmospheric pollutants, which can affect regional air quality and climate. Mitigating these impacts requires a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between fires and different land cover change trajectories and land management strategies. We develop future fire emissions inventories from 2010-2030 for Sumatra and Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) to assess the impact of varying levels of forest and peatland conservation on air quality in Equatorial Asia. To compile these inventories, we combine detailed land cover information from published maps of forest extent, satellite fire radiative power observations, fire emissions from the Global Fire Emissions Database, and spatially explicit future land cover projections using a land cover change model. We apply the sensitivities of mean smoke concentrations to Indonesian fire emissions, calculated by the GEOS-Chem adjoint model, to our scenario-based future fire emissions inventories to quantify the different impacts of fires on surface air quality across Equatorial Asia. We find that public health impacts are highly sensitive to the location of fires, with emissions from Sumatra contributing more to smoke concentrations at population centers across the region than Kalimantan, which had higher emissions by more than a factor of two. Compared to business-as-usual projections, protecting peatlands from fires reduces smoke concentrations in the cities of Singapore and Palembang by 70% and 40%, and by 60% for the Equatorial Asian region, weighted by the population in each grid cell. Our results indicate the importance of focusing conservation priorities on protecting both forested (intact or logged) peatlands and non-forested peatlands from fire, even after considering potential leakage of deforestation pressure to other areas, in order to limit the impact of fire emissions on atmospheric smoke concentrations and

  11. A Preliminary Case Study for Rectenna Sites in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwanto, Y.; Collins, P.

    2004-12-01

    include the possibilities of environmental damage due to the high intensity electromagnetic energy from outer space. As is well known, most Indonesian land areas consist of tropical forest which is rich with flora and fauna; these may face risks from receiving such electromagnetic energy illumination. It is considered that rectenna location selection in the main islands (like Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Irian, etc.) which are densely populated should be avoided. The same conditions should also be considered for the location in the forest, due to the flora and fauna damage possibilities during the physical development process. From this study it can be considered that the appropriate rectenna location should be placed on uninhabited small coral islands (atoll) sized about 5x5 km 2 , which are located along the equator. Such coral islands are vailable in the western and eastern parts of Indonesia. It is also considered that such coral islands should be located not too far from major inhabited islands, that is about 5-10 km offshore due to the convenience of physical rectenna development and electric energy distribution to the mainland. Such a coral island is to be considered to suffer minimal effects if the surface is illuminated by microwave energy. The same effect suffered by resident creatures like birds and reptiles should also be minimal. Because of the very limited infrastructure available on the mainland (and likely no facilities at all), a rectenna development study should consider all technical risks. For example, antenna installation and building of other support components should be done in such a location so that sea surface transportation can be easily performed. Communication system may be performed only by radio transceivers and satellite systems. The existence of human resources, that are needed to physically develop buildings, must be considered since the location is a remote island. There will also be no expert staff available, so that they will

  12. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Oscario

    2013-01-01

    Tourism is one of the most important sectors supporting the economy of Indonesia. One way to develop the Indonesian tourism is strengthening the image of Indonesia in the world. To strengthen the image, Indonesia has replaced the old brand, Visit Indonesia, and launched a new brand, Wonderful Indonesia. Besides the logo, in order to campaign Wonderful Indonesia, some television commercials have been launched. An advertising, which creates a powerful image, not only has a great power to inf...

  13. EFISIENSI PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afif Amirillah

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to find out the factors that can cause the efficiency value difference of Islamic Banking in In-donesia. The data at this research is monetary data of Islamic Banking. It was obtained from Bank of Indonesia. Then, it was divided into input and output variables. The determination of input output variables at this research uses Value Added Approach. Its input output variables consist of Demand Deposits, Saving Deposits, Time Depo-sits, Paid -In Capital, Placement at Bank ofIndonesia, Inter Bank Assets, Mudharabah, Musyara kah, Murabahah, Istishna, Ijarahand Qardh. This research used Data Envelopment Analysis method. This method has a strength that is having the capability to measure inefficiency input output variables, so that, the variable can have the efficiency. This research has resulted Islamic Banking efficiency in Indonesia, but it does not include BPRS. The mean efficiency of Islamic banking in Indonesia is 99,94%. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari faktor –faktor penyebab perbedaan nilai efisiensiperbankan syariah di Indo-nesia yang dibandingkan secara relatif untuk setiap periode. Data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini menggu-nakan data keuangan perbankan syariah yang diperoleh dari Bank Indonesia kemudian dibagi menjadi variabel input dan output. Penentuan variabel input dan output pada penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan Value Added Approach. Variabel input outputnyaterdiri dari : Giro iB, Tabungan iB, Deposito iB, Modal disetor, Pen-empatan padaBank Indonesia, Penempatan pada bank lain, Mudharabah, Musyarakah, Murabahah,Istishna, Ijarah dan Qardh. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode Data Envelopment Analysis yang mempunyai kel-ebihan dalam menghitung efisiensi untuk setiap variabel input outputyang mengalami inefisiensi. Penelitian ini menghasilkan nilai efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indoenesia (tidak termasuk BPRS. Efisiensi perbankan syariah di Indonesia mengalami efisiensi rata-rata sebesar 99,94%.

  14. Validation of Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl leaves, a skin care herb from East Kalimantan, using a melanin biosynthesis assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arung, Enos Tangke; Kuspradini, Harlinda; Kusuma, Irawan Wijaya; Shimizu, Kuniyoshi; Kondo, Ryuichiro

    2012-04-01

    In searching for a new material made from natural resources that could be used as a whitening agent, we focused on the plants used for skin treatment by the native people of East Kalimantan. The methanol extract of the leaves of Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl showed antimelanogenesis activity in a melanin biosynthesis assay. By activity-guided fractionation, 7-methoxycoumarin (1) was isolated as an active compound. The IC50 of 1 on mushroom tyrosinase was 2360 μM (L-tyrosine was used as the substrate) and above 2840 μM (L-DOPA was used as the substrate), respectively. Regarding melanin formation inhibition in B16 melanoma cells, the IC50 of 1 was 1780 μM with 83% cell viability at IC50. Based on these results, we validated that the leaf extract is in line with the traditional use of the Dayak tribe in East Kalimantan.

  15. Fertilitas Remaja di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugia Bayu Raharja

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Fertilitas remaja merupakan isu penting dari segi kesehatan dan sosial karena berhubungan dengan tingkat morbiditas serta mortalitas ibu dan anak. Tujuan penelitian adalah mempelajari faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi fertilitas remaja di Indonesia. Data yang digunakan adalah hasil Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2012 dengan unit analisis wanita usia subur yang termasuk dalam kategori usia remaja (15 - 19 tahun. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 6.927 responden. Analisis dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dan inferensial menggunakan model regresi logistik biner. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa satu dari sepuluh remaja wanita tersebut pernah melahirkan dan atau sedang hamil saat survei dilakukan; sebesar 95,2% dari remaja yang sudah pernah melahirkan, memiliki satu anak sisanya sebesar 4,8% memiliki dua atau tiga anak; sebesar 11,1% dari remaja wanita yang pernah kawin, pertama kali kawin pada usia 10 - 14 tahun. Secara statistik, terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kejadian fertilitas remaja dengan daerah tempat tinggal, pendidikan, status bekerja, serta tingkat kesejahteraan keluarga. Wanita berisiko tinggi mengalami fertilitas pada usia remaja adalah mereka yang tinggal di perdesaan, berpendidikan rendah, tidak bekerja dan berstatus ekonomi rendah. Rekomendasi berdasarkan hasil penelitian adalah akses ke tingkat pendidikan formal yang lebih tinggi bagi remaja wanita, penyediaan pelatihan usaha ekonomi kreatif terutama pada daerah perdesaan, peningkatan pengetahuan kesehatan reproduksi bagi remaja melalui pendidikan. Adolescent fertility is an important issue in terms of health and social care as it relates to the morbidity and mortality of mothers and children. This study aimed to know the factors that influence adolescent fertility in Indonesia. The data used was the result of Indonesian Demography and Health Survey in 2012 with units of analysis included women of childbearing age in the adolescent age group (15 - 19 years. Total

  16. USE OF THE DELPHI METHOD FOR COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF SUBJECTIVE JUDGEMENTS: AN EXAMPLE FROM CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Hindle

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sebagian besar daripada keputusan-keputusan yang penting dalam bidang pelayanan kesehatan harus didasarkan kepada pendapat individu yang subyektif, oleh karena data-data yang tepat dan model-model analitis tidak cukup tersedia. Metoda Delphi dapat digunakan maka data-data subyektif dapat dikumpulkan dan dianalisa secara sistematis, walaupun metoda tersebut sangat murah digunakan dan mudah dimengerti. Satu contoh daripada penggunaan metoda Delphi diberikan dalam naskah ini, mengenai persiapan-persiapan Pelita 3 Kesehatan di Kalimantan Tengah.

  17. Interregional migration flows in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wajdi, N.; van Wissen, L.J.G.; Mulder, C.H.

    2015-01-01

    Population Census and Intercensal Population Survey data permit description of the origin–destination patterns that characterize interregional migration flows in Indonesia. Application of the framework of population redistribution proposed by Long (1985) results in indications of over-urbanization,

  18. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holzhacker, Ronald; Wittek, Rafael; Woltjer, Johan

    2016-01-01

    I. Theoretical Reflections on Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society 1. Decentralization and Governance for Sustainable Society in Indonesia Ronald Holzhacker, Rafael Wittek and Johan Woltjer 2. Good Governance Contested: Exploring Human Rights and Sustainability as Normative Goals

  19. Archaeology and Islam in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Wood

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Some Indonesian archaeologists, however, have focused on the nation's Islamic past. Uka Tjandrasasmita is one of Indonesia's leading archaeologists and is largely behind the writing of Volume III of the Sejarah Nasional Indonesia, the national history that was the "standard text" for the teaching of history in Indonesian schools during the New Order; the volume he worked on dealt with Indonesia's Islamic history. For many years he held the position of the head of the Islamic Antiquities section of the Indonesian Archaeological Service (Bidang Arkeologi Islam, Pusat Penelitian Kepurbakalaan dan Peninggalan Nasional and carried out survey and excavation work in West, Central and East java. He has published many reports on the Islamic archaeology of Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v15i2.530

  20. TRADISI KEPERCAYAAN MASYARAKAT PESISIR MENGENAl KESEHATAN IBU DI DESA TANJUNG LIMAU MUARA BADAK KALIMANTAN TIMUR TAHUN 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annisa Nurrachmawati

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Reproductive health covers biological and socio-cultural aspects. In the local context of East Kalimantan, the traditional culture may affect the behavior including antenatal, delivery and postpartum care, either in positive or negative manner. Objective: To explore community perspectives related to reproductive health particularly maternal health and its cultural beliefs. Methode: A qualitative research using phenomenology approach employed focus group discussion (FGD and in-depth interview. FGD was held separately for pregnant women and community informant. In-depth interview was carried out to midwives and traditional birth attendants. The data were analyzed using interactive analyzes model. Result: The study site was Tanjung Limau Village in East Kalimantan. Village community hold their traditional beliefs for pregnant women mainly food restriction such as salted fish, calamari, pine-apple or cempedak. Also they were not allowed to go out in the evening around "maghrib" time with certain superstitious reason. The aim of those beliefs was to avoid delivery complication, and to keep the baby as being healthy and save. Conclusion: Traditional birth attendance still played a big role in delivery process. Community in Tanjung Limau Village in East Kalimantan still applied traditional beliefs regarding maternal health, thus health providers must learn its symbolic meaning in regard to educate community and change their behavior using acceptable approach.   Keywords : Traditional beliefs, pregnancy taboos, traditional birth attendance

  1. Women at risk: Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubis, I

    1996-01-01

    In Indonesia, women, commercial sex workers, truck drivers, migrant workers, and people who live in port areas easily accessible to tourists and fishermen are particularly at risk of becoming infected with HIV. Recognizing the country's potential vulnerability to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the government and the World Bank agreed to fund a $35.4 million, 3-year HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) prevention project to strengthen the capacity of government, nongovernmental organizations, and community-based organizations to carry out the basics of HIV/AIDS prevention, extend the sentinel surveillance system, ensure blood safety, launch public education campaigns, educate health workers on universal precautions and safe waste disposal, promote safer sex skills and behavioral change, and test the sensitivity of certain antibiotics to syphilis and gonorrhea. The program will also establish a STD control program and address the economic impact of the disease by improving the livelihood strategies of HIV/AIDS-affected communities.

  2. Migration and Deforestation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Darmawan, Rivayani; Klasen, Stephan; Nuryartono, Nunung

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia now has the highest deforestation rate in the world, with an average increase of about 47,600 ha per year. As a result, the nation is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world and putting its rich biodiversity at risk. Although the literature discussing the political economy of Indonesia commercial's logging is growing, only a small amount focuses on the relationship between migration and deforestation. Migration may contribute to the forest cover change, as migra...

  3. KONSUMSI GULA RUMAHTANGGA DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Nahdodin, Nahdodin

    2016-01-01

    Sejak tahun 1984 Indonesia menghadapi usaha pelestarian swasembada gula. Dalam hal ini perlu diketahui perilaku konsumsi gula di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melengkapi informasi perilaku konsumsi gula rumah tangga dengan menaksir elastisitas permintaan gula atas pendapatan dan atas harga dengan memperhatikan gejala "diseconomies of scale" dan "economies of scale", Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa elastisitas permintaan alas pendapatan sebesar 0,59, elastisitas permintaan atas ha...

  4. Family planning Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singarimbun, M

    1968-06-01

    The growth of family planning activities in Indonesia in the Postwar period is traced; and future prospects for family planning are assessed. Transmigration projects initiated by the Dutch and supported by President Sukarno after Indonesian independence as a means of decreasing population pressure on the island of Java, are identified as the only official response to the population problem until 1965. In the face of the government's opposition to the idea of birth control as a population control measure, the activities of the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) after its founding in 1957 were limited to advising mothers on spacing of their children for health reasons. Statements made in support of a national family planning program by government officials at a 1967 IPPA Congress and on other occasions are noted. The major components of an approved national family planning program to start in 1969 are described. However, the government's policy as of late 1967 and early 1968 is characterized as one of mainly benevolent encouragement and help to voluntary organizations. The chief impediment to family planning in Indonesia is said to be a lack of motivation and the force of traditional values that favor large families. On the positive side are: 1) Studies showing considerable interest in birth control by the rural population; 2) A long history of traditional birth control practices; 3) The absence of outright opposition by religious groups to the principle of family planning. However, financial costs, the need for the training of personnel, and a general unawareness of the magnitude of the task lying ahead constitute other formidable obstacles.

  5. Measurement of carbon dioxide flux from tropical peatland in Indonesia using the nocturnal temperature-inversion trap method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iriana, Windy; Tonokura, Kenichi; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Inoue, Gen; Kusin, Kitso; Limin, Suwido H.

    2016-09-01

    Evaluation of CO2 flux from peatland soil respiration is important to understand the effect of land use change on the global carbon cycle and climate change and particularly to support carbon emission reduction policies. However, quantitative estimation of emitted CO2 fluxes in Indonesia is constrained by existing field data. Current methods for CO2 measurement are limited by high initial cost, manpower, and the difficulties associated with construction issues. Measurement campaigns were performed using a newly developed nocturnal temperature-inversion trap method, which measures the amount of CO2 trapped beneath the nocturnal inversion layer, in the dry season of 2013 at a drained tropical peatland near Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. This method is cost-effective and data processing is easier than other flux estimation methods. We compared CO2 fluxes measured using this method with the published data from the existing eddy covariance and closed chamber methods. The maximum value of our measurement results was 10% lower than maximum value of eddy covariance method and average value was 6% higher than average of chamber method in drained tropical peatlands. In addition, the measurement results shows good correlation with groundwater table. The results of this comparison suggest that this methodology for the CO2 flux measurement is useful for field research in tropical peatlands.

  6. Health Information in Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... You Are Here: Home → Multiple Languages → Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/indonesian.html Health Information in Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) To use the sharing features on this page, ...

  7. Potency of Palm Oil Plantation and Mill Byproduct as Ruminant Feed in Paser Regency, East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdi Mayulu

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available By-product produced from plantation and palm oil mill can be utilized for energy and protein source of ruminant feed. Thus, it still has potency for further exploration. The objective of the research was to investigate the nutrient value of palm oil plantation and mill’s by-product used to formulate ruminant feed. The research located in 66,118.5 ha of palm oil plantation in Paser regency, East Kalimantan province. The research was carried out in palm oil plantation and mill of PTPN XIII comprising productive plants (TM in +14,000 ha arranged in 9 divisions (afdeling. Measured variables consisted of: 1 dry mass production (mass of midrib every cutting and frond (kg;                        2 Centrosema sp mass production (kg; 3 mass of empty fruit bunches (kg; palm pressed fiber (PPF (kg, palm kernel cake (PKC (kg dan palm oil sludge (POS (kg; 4 nutrient content analyzed under proximate analysis in accordance with the procedure of Ruminant Feed Nutrient Laboratory, Faculty of Livestock, Diponegoro University. The result showed that total dry matter (DM production was 14.82 ton/ha/year, consisting: midrib 29.09% (crude protein (CP 3.16% and crude fiber (CF 37.85%, frond 10.31% (CP 6.53% dan CF 30.39%, Centrosema sp. 2.48% (CP 22.58% and CF 35.12, EFB 24.31% (CP 7.01% and CF 40.22%, PPF 1.23% (CP 5.56% and CF 50.36%, PKC 1.29% (CP 15.49% and CF10.45 and POS 1.20% (CP 17.86% and CF 45.99%. This could be concluded that palm oil plantation and mill’s by-product was recommended for ruminant feed as it had huge amount and appropriate nutrient contentDoi: 10.12777/ijse.5.2.56-60 [How to cite this article: Mayulu, H., Sunarso, C. I. Sutrisno, Sumarsono, M. Christiyanto, K. Isharyudono. (2013.  Potency of Palm Oil Plantation and Mill Byproduct as Ruminant Feed in Paser Regency, East Kalimantan, 5(2,56-60. Doi: 10.12777/ijse.5.2.56-60

  8. Review of past and present geotectonic concepts of eastern indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katili, John A.

    Ocean. Contrary to those who positioned Sulawesi close to Kalimantan in Miocene time or who separated the eastern and western arms of Sulawesi and placed them around continental Australia during its drift northwards, I maintain the view that in Miocene time Sulawesi emerged as a double island arc east of Kalimantan. For the Halmahera arc-trench system a similar origin during a younger phase of crustal movement could be advocated. The shape of the two eastern arms of Sulawesi and Halmahera can be compared with an 'arrowhead' pointing westward, with two larger slightly arcuate western arms as a 'wave front' proceeding from it. Thus Sulawesi and Halmahera were once north-south trending island arcs convex towards the Pacific with westward-dipping subduction zones. After collision with the irian Jaya plate, a reversal of polarity occurred as demonstrated by the trenches which developed northwest of Sulawesi and west of Halmahera. This controversy cannot be solved without determining the absolute ages of the eastern Sulawesi subduction complex. Marine research should also focus on the Sorong transform fault system between Sulawesi and Irian Jaya to elucidate its role in the westward displacement of the Sula-Banggai - Buton continental fragments. The nature, structure and history of the ridges in the Central Banda Sea, and their relationship to the oceanic crust of the adjacent North and South Banda Basin, should be investigated in more detail. Seram, Buru and Ambon require detailed studies to determine whether the arc-trench system predominates or whether micro-continent tectonics played the more significant role in their evolution. In the geological future, eastern Indonesia will be squashed between Australia and Asia, and the region will resemble the complex terrains now observed in the Alps and the Hercynian regions, a conclusion already drawn by the Dutch pioneers several decades ago.

  9. Mapping Ecosystem Services for Land Use Planning, the Case of Central Kalimantan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumarga, E.; Hein, L.G.

    2014-01-01

    Indonesia is subject to rapid land use change. One of the main causes for the conversion of land is the rapid expansion of the oil palm sector. Land use change involves a progressive loss of forest cover, with major impacts on biodiversity and global CO2 emissions. Ecosystem services have been propo

  10. PERANAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR PT. KALIMANTAN PRIMA PERSADA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN DAN PENDIDIKAN MASYARAKAT KECAMATAN LOKPAIKAT KABUPATEN TAPIN PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Agung Samudra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR is an idea that corporate social responsibility was born to answer the problem posed in the midst of society. CSR is expected to help the development process by increasing the role of the company for the welfare of the community, especially communities around the company. The purpose of this study is to get the concept CSR program of PT. Kalimantan Prima Persada (PT KPP in accordance with the needs of the community, social public opinion regarding the company's existence and analyze the relationship between CSR programs to increase revenue and public education. The research was carried out by simple random sampling with the number of respondents 60 families (family head. Respondents are the beneficiaries of CSR in 3 (three villages, namely Binderang, Bitahan Baru and Bitahan. Analysis of the data with the three stages, namely to determine the public perception was measured using a Likert scale (Allen and Seaman, 2007 and categorized into three major groups, namely good, average, and bad. Analyzed for levels of perception using calculating Value Perception (NP, the classification category is based on the total score obtained by the respondents for each aspect presented on the questionnaire. For data analysis the factors that influence the perception of the community in the role of CSR PT. KPP using multiple regression analysis (Multiple Linear Regression Analysis processed through the SPSS program (Statistical Program for Social Science. The results showed that the concept of CSR Program PT. KPP has had planning documents and strategies in the CSR Program SOP system so that programs that have been implemented with the aim to empower people and can fit the needs of the community. As many as 15% of respondents admitted that the existence of a company's CSR program is quite good and affect the existence of the company, while the respondents who perception bad as many as 10%. Income and household education in the

  11. DESENTRALISASI PENGELUARAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Herni Rochana

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the implementation of Law 22/1999 and Law 25/1999 of 2001, has been an increase in the implementation of fiscal decentralization with a phenomenon called Big Bang. The study was conducted to determine the degree of decentralization of expenditure covering the period before and after the implementation of regional autonomy. The research data is a panel data drawn from 30 provinces between 1994 to 2007. The results showed that in Indonesia there has been a significant increase in expenditure decentralization since 2001. Significant increases occurred mainly on the expenditure side, especially the decentralization of authority be spending more than doubled from the previous. On a national scale, the degree of decentralization of authority expenditure increased from 10.48% in the year 2000 to 25.45% in 2001. And the average for each province, the degree of decentralization of spending authority increased from 0.40% in 2000 to 0, 85% in 2001DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2423

  12. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia: a qualitative and quantitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Yohmi

    2016-11-01

    prevalence ofexclusive breastfeeding. The prevalence of breastfeeding withoutformula was still the highest up to 12 months but the role of giving formula was increasing especially in rural area. The prevalence ofbreast milk introduced as the first milk was around 60%. Java andSumatra had lower prevalence of breast milk introduced as thefirst milk compared to Kalimantan and Sulawesi. We also foundthat mothers started giving solid food from an early age, especiallyin rural areas. With increasing age, the frequency of giving breastmilk declined in both urban and rural areas.Conclusion The overall prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding up to6 months of age in Indonesia was 49.8%. Maternal unemploymentand high family socioeconomic status were associated with longerduration of breastfeeding.

  13. ANALYSIS OF USING EFFICIENT LOGGING TOOLS AT PT. PURWA PERMAI IN CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sona Suhartana

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A high log demand that often exceeds its supply capability should be overcome by using appropriate logging  tools. Numerous  kinds and types of logging  tools require  a well planning in their utilization. Number of tools which are greater or fewer than what is actually needed can be disadvantageous  for a company. In relevant to these aspects, a study was carried out at a timber estate in Central Kalimantan  in 2007. The aim of the study was to find out an efficient number  of tools used for logging  in a timber  estate. The analysis was based on the target and realization of the company’s log production. The result revealed that: (1 Optimum number of logging tools depended on production target,  i.e. 41 units  of chainsaws  for felling,  42 units  of farm tractors  for skidding,  9 units of loaders for loading and unloading, and 36 units of trucks for transportation; (2 Number  of logging tools as obtained from all activities  in the field was fewer than that from  the analysis based on production target and realization. This condition  indicated that number of logging tools used in the company was not yet efficient.

  14. IMPROVED FARMER’S CAPASITY MODEL OF PRIVATE FOREST MANAGEMENT: STUDIES IN RANGGANG VILLAGE, SOUTH KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idin Saepudin Ruhimat

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Farmer’s capacity is one of the important factors that determine the success of private forest management. However, the farmer’s capacity level in several places is still low so that potentially to inhibiting successful of private forests management practices. This study aims to analyze the factors that affect farmer’s capacity level of private forests management practices, and to formulate improved farmer’s capacity model of private forests management in Ranggang Village, South Kalimantan. The data was analyzed by Structural Equation Model (SEM with the help of SmartPls 2.0 M3. Results showed (1 learning experience level directly affect to farmer’s capacity while farmer’s characteristics, external support, social and cultural environment supporting, the role of extension, and information availability indirectly affect to farmer’s capacity of private forests management in Ranggang Village, and (2 improved farmer’s capacity model can be done by improving the farmer’s learning experience through intensive, scheduled, and suistainable education, training and extension with stakeholders support. 

  15. GEOKIMIA ORGANIK FRAKSI AROMATIK LIGHT OIL PRODUK PENCAIRAN BATUBARA AREA (PIT BINTANG SANGATTA KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Sugiharto Wijaya

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Character geochemical of Coal in area (pit Stars Sangatta, East Kalimantan shows that the coal is classified as steam coal with thermal maturity and have low calories (5768 kcal/kg.  The coal is melted in the  1L autoclave for 60 minutes at a temperature of 450°C and a pressure of 12 MPa to obtain a product slurry. Fractionation of slurry product based on boiling point using a vacum distillation apparatus 10 mmHg. Fractions obtained include naphtha, light oil, middle oil, heavy oil and coal liquid bottom. Data show that the weight percentage of the product melting fraction is dominated by heavy oil and coal liquid bottom with percentage of total> 50%. Fraction of light oil in the fractionation further by TLC and the eluent n-hexane in order to obtain an aromatic fraction. The composition of the aromatic hydrocarbon fraction light oil products were characterized using gas chromatography mass spectrophotometer (GC-MS. the identification shows that derivative of kadalen compounds, that is compounds norkadalen (C14H16 which is the fraction of oil that can be potentially as diesel fuel.

  16. Wildlife species composition in various forest types on Sebuku Island, South Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusmana, C.; Manshur, A.; Rusdian, O.; Putro, H. R.; Hakim, F.; Ermyanyla, M.

    2017-01-01

    Sebuku is one of the small islands in South Kalimantan Provincehaving various forest types with high potential economic in mining sector. Based on it’s business permit, the island has been divided up into several mining concessions. So that biological diversity studies in this island is an interesting in order to serve biological baseline data if someday this island to be extractedfor mining. This research was conducted on 28th November to 5th December 2015 aims to explore wildlife species inhabit mangrove forest, beach forest, and lowland forest usinga rectangle transect (40 x 1000 meter) in each forest type. The results show there are 90 wildlife species identified in Sebuku Island. The beach forest has the highest wildlife species richness (36 species), while the area having the highest protected wildlife species isthe lowland forest. Mangrove forests generally have a lower wildlife species richness. Nevertheless, in Sebuku Island, can be found mangrove forest that have a quite high wildlife species richness (28 species, 50% protected). It is due to silt sedimentation in the estuary area, so that this area become feeding ground for shore and migratory birds.

  17. Birds Communities at Mangrove of Batu Ampar, Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarwadi Budi Hernowo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Batu Ampar mangrove is an important bird habitat especially for birds which have relation to mangrove ecosystem in West Kalimantan. The research was conducted in February to March 2007, at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. Sampling was done to get representative area for bird survey. The 19 transects were chosen as sampling site to collect bird data such as species and number of individual. Bird surveys were carried out using Reconnaissance method and index point of abundance (IPA count method. The length of each transect was approximately 500 m. The results showed that the bird community's structure dominated by insectivorous birds represented approximately 60 % of total bird's species at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. The abundance numbers of the individual with the bird's species has relation pattern like J opposite. Percentage of dominant bird species was approximately 11%, those are such as stork billed kingfisher, white-collared kingfisher, common iora, chestnuts-rumped babbler, Strip-Tit Babbler, magpie robin, ashy tailorbird, mangrove blue flycatcher, pied fantail, mangrove whistler, Brown-throated Sunbird and Cooper-Throated Sunbird. Vertical structure of mangrove vegetation was used by birds at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site is mainly B stratum, and it used around 60% birds species. Based on dendrogram analysis there were 5 cluster birds species. The mangrove bird specialists found at sampling area were mangrove blue flycatcher and Cooper throated sunbird.

  18. Studi Ergonomi pada Penyimpanan Lahan Sawah Lebak Menggunakan Alat Tradisional Tajak di Kabupaten Banjar Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indya Dewi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Traditional local farmers in South Kalimantan conventionally do the field preparation by using a traditional tool named “tajak”. This typical traditional tool is very appropriate for land preparation in marshland field which is enabling to cultivate without raising the pirit (FeS2 layer. However, it is quite difficult, hard and dangerous to operate tajak, and it’s difficult to learn by a novis operator as well. Therefore, ergonomics study will be beneficial to develop more convenient, safe and effective tajak. The result of workload analysis revealed that tajak operation is an “extremey hard” workload, whichs the avarage of IRHR is 2.14. The workload level of tajak operation is indicatively by workload intencity and swing elevation. Regarding the Total energy cost per weight (TEC’ and hours of work (JOK, the tajak operation consumes 5.36 kcal/kg.hour and need 61.07 hour/ha in average. Anthropometri and motion study analysed revealed that the dimentional suitability of tajak tool is strongly related to shoulders and waist heightly, arms length, and hands grips diameter. Based on the result of tajak anthropometri and motion analyses, for better design of tajak’s handle was recommended 75.70 cm.

  19. Eksplorasi Bakteriosin dari Bakteri Asam Laktat Asal Rusip Bangka dan Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arifah Kusmarwati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk memproduksi dan mengkarakterisasi bakteriosin yang dihasilkan oleh bakteri asam laktat yang diisolasi dari rusip. Rusip merupakan produk ikan fermentasi tradisional Bangka. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel rusip yang berasal dari Bangka dan Kalimantan. Sampel diisolasi hingga diperoleh isolat murni yang selanjutnya dilakukan skrining untuk memperoleh isolat yang mampu menghasilkan aktivitas antibakteri tertinggi. Isolat terpilih selanjutnya diidentifikasi dan digunakan untuk memproduksi bakteriosin kasar. Bakteriosin kasar diuji sensitifitasnya terhadap enzim proteolitik dan dikarakterisasi melalui pengujian stabilitas terhadap suhu tinggi, pH, surfaktan, serta stabilitasnya selama penyimpanan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa isolat RK4 menghasilkan bakteriosin yang bersifat sensitif terhadap enzim proteolitik seperti proteinase-K dan papain. Bakteriosin tersebut stabil terhadap suhu tinggi dan pH 2–8 serta menghasilkan aktivitas antibakteri yang tertinggi terhadap Staphylococcus aureus. Hasil identifikasi memperlihatkan bahwa isolat RK4 termasuk dalam jenis pediococcus pentosaceus I. Bakteriosin dari Pediococcus pentosaceus I tersebut aktivitasnya distimulasi oleh EDTA, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS dan lauryl sarcosine. Namun sebaliknya, bioaktivitasnya tidak dipengaruhi oleh Triton X-100, Tween 20, Tween 80 dan urea. Bakteriosin kasar RK4 stabil pada penyimpanan suhu 37 °C selama 4 minggu dan pada suhu dingin selama 2 minggu.

  20. LAND-SEA INTERACTIONS IN COASTAL WATERS OFF NE KALIMANTAN: EVIDENCE FROM MICROFAUNAL COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kresna Tri Dewi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Microfauna (ostracoda and foraminifera as component of sediments has been used to detect the dynamics of sea floor condition in NE Kalimantan, particularly off Nunukan and Sebatik Islands. In general, the microfaunal components tend to increase (both number of species and specimens from near shore to the open sea. The microfauna occur rarely at locations surrounding the islands due to high content of plant remains from the land. The marine origin of microfaunas occurs very abundantly in the inner part of the study area between Tinabasan and Nunukan Islands. This finding is interested due to their occurrence as unusual forms: brownish shells, broken and articulated ostracod carapaces. Additional interested findings are: the incidence of abraded test of Elphidium, the occurrence of dominant species of both ostracoda and foraminifera at some stations; various morphological forms of foraminiferal genus, Asterorotalia that reaches about 1% and distributed in the open sea. The various unusual forms may relate to the dynamics of local environmental changes such as postdepositional accumulation in the sediment, biological activities, and drift currents from open sea to landward.

  1. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PADA KEGIATAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INGGRIS DI SMKN 1 KANDANGAN KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arin Ika Puspitaningsih

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi tentang implementasi pendidikan karakter pada kegiatan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris yang telah dilaksanakan oleh guru. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di SMKN 1 Kandangan, Kalimantan Selatan. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi kasus. Subjek penelitian ini adalah tiga orang guru mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris dan enam orang siswa. Objek penelitian ini adalah proses kegiatan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris yang terdiri atas aktivitas verbal dan nonverbal. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah pengamatan dan wawancara. Instrumen pengumpulan data terdiri atas pedoman pengamatan dan pedoman wawancara. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif dengan menggunakan teknik analisis data model Miles and Huberman. Tahap analisis data tersebut mencakup data reduction, data display, dan conclusion drawing/verification. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru telah mengimplementasikan 10 nilai karakter pada kegiatan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris.  Guru di SMKN 1 Kandangan telah mengimplementasikan 10 nilai karakter pada kegiatan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris sebagai pelaksanaan dari Silabus mata pelajaran. Nilai-nilai karakter tersebut adalah religiusitas, toleransi, kedisiplinan, kerja keras, kemandirian, demokrasi, kekomunikatifan, kedamaian, kegemaran membaca, dan kekreatifan. Implementasi nilai-nilai karakter tersebut tercermin pada kegiatan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris secara keseluruhan, yaitu kegiatan awal, inti, dan penutup pembelajaran. Kata kunci: pendidikan karakter, pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris

  2. Menajemen Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Tindak Lanjut Uji Kompetensi Guru SD di LPMP Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komalasari Komalasari

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap: (1 perencanaan, (2 pengorganisasian, (3 pelaksananaan dan (4 pengawasan pada pendidikan dan pelatihan (diklat tindak lanjut uji kompetensi guru SD di LPMP Kalimantan Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, dokumentasi dan observasi dengan melibatkan pengelola diklat, fasilitator, dan peserta diklat Keabsahan data diukur dengan cara: (a trianggulasi, (b perpanjang-an waktu pelaksanaan penelitian, (c pengumpulan data secara terus menerus, (d penggunakan data yang berlimpah, (e pengecekan ulang, dan (f tanya jawab dengan teman sejawat Analisis data menggunakan teknik yang diajukan oleh Miles dan Huberman (1994 yaitu: (a reduksi data, (b penyajian data, dan (c verifikasL Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa: (1 perencanaan diklat belum optimal yang dilihat dari: (a asesmen kebutuhan, (b tujuan diklat, (c kesesuaian program dengan waktu diklat, (d waktu dan tempat pelaksanaan diklat, dan (e dana yang tersedia; (2 pengorganisasian belum optimal dilihat dari pembagian kerja dengan jabaran tanggung jawab masing-masing unit; (3 Pelayanan non akademik diklat sudah optimal namun pelaksanaan pembelajaran belum optimal, yang dilihat dari: (a standar jumlah peserta per kelas, (b bidang kompetensi guru, (c waktu, dan (d kelengkapan bahan diklat; dan (4 pengawasan belum terlaksana dengan baik, dilihat dari pencapaian tujuan dan partisipasi peserta Kata kunci: pendidikan dan pelatihan, uji kompetensi, guru SD.

  3. Exotism of Batu Putih area in Samarinda, East Kalimantan as conservation area for ecotourism destination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutan, Syamsidar; Cahyani, Rina Wahyu; Alam, Fajar; Syuhada, Endy Mukhlis

    2017-02-01

    Batu Putih is a limestone hill complex in Air Putih area, Samarinda, East Kalimantan. The unique value of this region is a towering limestone ridge which easily recognizable at a distance, water catchment area in the city, great place to learn earth science as understanding the ancient marine deposition and hydrocarbon potential development, and the heritage of the region. The objective of this research is toreview the potential of Batu Putih area and surrounding as a green conservation area for ecotourism destination. Batu Putih area, geologically part of Kutai Basin, is controlled by tectonic event, resulted on Northeast-Southwest undulated trend known as Samarinda anticlinorium. Data collected cover several aspects: (1) geological aspects: various types of rocks, groundwater condition and other related data; (2) vegetation aspects; (3) cultural aspect: heritage and historical place. By results from evaluation of existing data, development plan will be commenced. Research found 2 spots for landscape viewing, 3 water resources, various marine fossils in some locations and mud volcano. Vegetations are dominated by "kersen" (Muntingia calabura L.), "aren" (Arenga pinnata) and "pletekan" (Ruellia tuberosa). Based on the findings of the existing kinds of uniqueness, conservation of the area are mandatories. Protection and preservation of the region in integrated manner and area development for ecotourism and education are things should be done in Batu Putih, as increasingly damaged and depleted by limestone mining activities using heavy equipment.

  4. Do Anthropogenic Dark Earths Occur in the Interior of Borneo? Some Initial Observations from East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meine van Noordwijk

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Anthropogenic soils of the Amazon Basin (Terra Preta, Terra Mulata reveal that pre-Colombian peoples made lasting improvements in the agricultural potential of nutrient-poor soils. Some have argued that applying similar techniques could improve agriculture over much of the humid tropics, enhancing local livelihoods and food security, while also sequestering large quantities of carbon to mitigate climate change. Here, we present preliminary evidence for Anthropogenic Dark Earths (ADEs in tropical Asia. Our surveys in East Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo identified several sites where soils possess an anthropogenic development and context similar in several respects to the Amazon’s ADEs. Similarities include riverside locations, presence of useful fruit trees, spatial extent as well as soil characteristics such as dark color, high carbon content (in some cases, high phosphorus levels, and improved apparent fertility in comparison to neighboring soils. Local people value these soils for cultivation but are unaware of their origins. We discuss these soils in the context of local history and land-use and identify numerous unknowns. Incomplete biomass burning appears key to these modified soils. More study is required to clarify soil transformations in Borneo and to determine under what circumstances such soil improvements might remain ongoing.

  5. Bird diversity in six habitat types of PT Inhutani I Labanan, East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUNAWAN

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Birds can be used indirectly or directly as a bioindicator of environment. Birds species living in six habitat types of PT Inhutani I Labanan Kalimantan Timur (namely, logged-over areas that has been exploited in 1976/1981 and 1981/1986, forested area that is being exploited in 1999/2000, primary forest that will be exploited in 2001/2002, Labanan Jaya Village inhabited in 1982/1983, and Segah-Malinau Transmigration Settlement inhabited in 1997/1998 were recorded with transect method (long of 3 km and within sighting distance of 25-50 m at 06.30-10.00 and 15.00-17.30 in both dry and rainy seasons. One hundred and two identified species belonging to 34 families and 6 unidentified species were found. Habitat types and seasons affect bird diversity (the number of species and abundance. Percent dissimilarity of birds between habitats ranged 0,53-0,95 in rainy season and 0,54-0,95 in dry season and between seasons ranged 0,50-0,80. Quantitative values have to be completed with qualitative consideration to assess habitat condition or changes.

  6. Pemertahanan Kekhasan Pengajaran Kitab Kuning Pada Pondok Pesantren Martapura Kalimantan Selatan (Telaah Aspek Linguistik dan Sosiolingustik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Azmah Hidayati

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The Maintenance of the Unique Teaching of the Yellow Book At Pondok Pesantren Darussalam Martapura South Kalimantan (Review Linguistic and Sociolingustic Aspects. Pesantren as an Islamic educational institution has various characteristics. One of them is the uniqueness in teaching of yellow book, as applied in Pondok Pesantren Darussalam (PPD Martapura. To achieve the purpose of pesantren tafaqquh fî ad-dîn, the yellow book must be mastered by santri. To master the yellow book, the element and the knowledge of yellow book are considered as the main tool. The emphasis on these two aspects also has an impact on the application of characteristic translations. The translation seems unique, rigid, and clumsy so that it is potentially difficult to understand and can even lead to misunderstandings. However, the specificity of teaching is instead maintained and can be accepted in the pesantren. This paper is intended to express how and why the specificity of yellow book teaching can survive and be maintained in PPD Martapura in terms of linguistic and sociolinguistic aspects.

  7. PENENTUAN POLA SEBARAN INTRUSI AIR LAUT DI PESISIR PANTAI BATAKAN KALIMANTAN SELATAN DENGAN METODE GEOLISTRIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ori Minarto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Desa Batakan merupakan daerah paling Selatan dari Kabupaten Tanah Laut yang berbatasan langsung dengan Laut Jawa. Survei geolistrik metode Schlumberger 1D untuk mengetahui sebaran intrusi air laut di pesisir pantai Batakan Kalimantan Selatan bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola intrusi air laut baik sebaranya maupun kedalamannya yang ditinjau dari nilai resistivitasnya. Selain itu penelitian ini juga bertujuan mengetahui sifat-sifat air tanah dangkal berupa salinitas dan derajat keasamannya. Dengan sembilan titik pengukuran geolistrik, dan sembilan titik pengambilan sampel air yang berasal dari sumur warga, diperoleh potensi intrusi air laut di daerah pesisir terjadi pada titik GL1 yang berjarak 175 meter dari bibir pantai yang mencapai kedalaman 10,02 meter. Pada titik pengukuran GL4 yang berjarak kurang lebih 500 meter dari pantai, intrusi terjadi hingga kedalaman 14,21 meter. Pada titik pengukuran GL7 yang berjarak 190 meter dari pantai, intrusi terjadi hingga 65 meter di bawah permukaan tanah. Berdasarkan pengukuran salinitas di sembilan titik sampel dari sumur dangkal milik warga, terdapat satu sumur yang tergolong dalam air payau yaitu dengan nilai salinitas 7 0/00 dan delapan sumur lainnya tergolong dalam air tawar dengan kadar 0-5 0/00 dengan pH antara 7-7,7.   Kata Kunci: salinitas, intrusi, geolistrik, Batakan.

  8. INTRODUKSI TEKNOLOGI INOVASI AMBUL UNTUK BUDIDAYA TANAMAN SAYURAN DI KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HASTIN ERNAWATI NUR CHUSNUL CHOTIMAH

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Arut Bawah is a settlement that is always flooded every year due to Kahayan river run off . Residents perform various activities on the water, and transportation between housing residents with one another, using wooden boards. The conditions is not possible if it is used to grow crops. It is certainly limiting factor for household food needs, including the need for vegetables. Flooded land use around residential has not been done because the technology is not yet known. Through these activities, the community is expected to implement one of the local knowledges of the environment-friendly cultivation in swampy areas with ambul system so that people can still grow crops to sustain life. It consists of meeting nutritional needs, as well as improving food security in water-saturated soil conditions. This community service was conducted by the various stages of 1 outreach and dissemination of technology ambul 2 training of making ambul and 3 planting a variety of vegetables in ambul. The results showed that ambul can be used as a technology for cultivation in flooded areas. The introduction of technology ambul got a positive response from residents Arut Bawah Palangkaraya Central Kalimantan. Keywords: ambul, vegetables and flooded areas.

  9. High parity and hormonal contraception use as risk factors for cervical cancer in East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swandari Paramita

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To find risk factors associated with cervical cancer.Methods: This a case-control study conducted in A.W. Sjahranie County General Hospital at Samarinda East Kalimantan from January until July 2009. There were 58 patients for each case and control group. Variables in this study were age, menarche, menopause, age of first marriage, parity, spouse’s smoking status, hormonal contraception use, type of hormonal contraception, duration of hormonal contraception, IUD (intra uterine device contraception use and duration of IUD contraception.Results: final data analysis shows that parity and duration of hormonal contraception use increased the risk of cervical cancer. Women who had 5-12 children than 0-4 children had 2.6-folds increased risk to be cervical cancer. Compared to women never use of hormonal contraception, those who ever had hormonal contraception for 1-4 years and 5-25 years had two time and 4.5 times increased risk to be cervical cancer respectively.Conclusion: Cervical cancer screening recommended to be focused on high-risk groups, among others, women with the number of children born more than fi ve people or women in particular users of hormonal contraception methods with a range of use more than fi ve years. (Med J Indones 2010; 19:268-72Keywords: Cervical cancer, hormonal contraception, menarche, parity

  10. Rarity Status and Habitat of Shorea laevis and Shorea leprosula in Muara Teweh, Central Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wilarso Budi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Forest exploitation and conversion to other landuse may cause lost of biodiversity, including most important dipterocarp trees species, i.e. Shorea leprosula and Shorea laevis. The objective of this study was to determine the rarity status of the two important shorea species, i.e. S. laevis and S. leprosula, based on IUCN criteria, their habitat characteristics, and their association with other species, as one of the basis for determining their conservation strategy as a part of forest management. This study was conducted in three types of ecosystem (virgin forest, secondary forest, and fragmented forest in Muara Teweh, Central Kalimantan.  Methodology used in this research includes vegetation and tree diversity analysis. Study results showed that both S. laevis and S. leprosula were included within category of “low risk” in the 3 types of ecosystem in the forest area being studied.  Habitat characteristics which determined the absence of S. laevis in the virgin forest habitat was the soil permeability which was too low, whereas other soil chemical and physical properties in the three types of ecosystems were relatively similar.  Presence of S. laevis were positively associated with species of S. uliginosa, Dialium platysepalum, Dipterocarpus ibmalatus, Palaquium rostatum, Vatica rasak, Adinandra sp., and Memecyclon steenis.  On the other hand,  S. leprosula were positively correlated with S. kunstleri, Castanopsis sp., Shorea sp., Quercus bennettii, Castanopsis argentea, and D. hasseltii.Keywords: threatened species, Shorea spp., habitat characteristic, ecosystems type, associated species

  11. KAJIAN SOSIO-EKOLOGIS KAWASAN MANGROVE DI PESISIR PANTAI KECAMATAN BIDUK-BIDUK, KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dandy E Prasetiyo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to determine the existing condition of mangrove as well as to asses dependency of coastal communities to the mangrove system at districts Biduk-biduk, East Kalimantan. The  primary data related to the mangrove condition was conducted using random sampling while sosio-ecology was taken through direct interviewing. The results obtained composition studies  as many as 31 species of mangrove species consisting of 13 species of true mangrove and 18 species of mangrove associates, where the average value of the density of mangroves in the study site was 1489 individuals/ha. True mangrove species found in this study include Acathus ilicifolius, Aegiceras corniculatum, Brugueira gymnorhizza, B. parviflora, Ceriops tagal,Excoecaria agallocha, Lumnitzera racemosa, Rhizophora apiculata, R. mucronata, Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea, Sonneratia alba, Sonneratia lanceolata, Xylocarpus granatum. Social studies results obtained information that the level of utilization direct of mangrove forests by the communities in the districts Biduk-biduk was relatively low as they were aware with the mangrove functionnement ecologically.

  12. Will Forests Remain in the Face of Oil Palm Expansion? Simulating Change in Malinau, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marieke Sandker

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The severe tensions between conservation and development are illustrated by events in Malinau Dstrict (Kalimantan, Indonesia. Conservationists decry proposed plans for logging and conversion of pristine tropical forest to oil palm (Elaeis guineensis. Although the local government is willing to declare the district a "conservation district," at the same time, it shows interest in oil palm conversion. This article explores the impact of the potential conversion of 500 000 ha of forest to oil palm on forest cover, in-migration, and the local economy in Malinau. The simulation model was developed using STELLA® software, and relies on a combination of empirical data, data from the literature, and stakeholder perceptions. If a company were to clear the forest for timber without planting oil palm (as commonly happens, poverty levels are likely to rise rather than decline over the long term. If large-scale oil palm plantations were to be established, they could yield significant benefits to local authorities. However, such development would induce massive employment-driven migration, with wide-ranging consequences for the current inhabitants of the region. By visualizing and quantifying these trade-offs between conservation and development, the model stimulates debate and information exchange among conservationists, development actors, and district authorities so that well-informed choices can be made.

  13. Penentuan Pelabuhan Hub untuk Crude Palm Oil (CPO Ekspor di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Andi Haranto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available CPO (Crude Palm Oil merupakan salah satu komoditi ekspor terbesar di Indonesia. Moda angkut darat dan sungai menjadi pilihan untuk didistribusikan menuju calon pelabuhan hub. Tugas Akhir ini bertujuan untuk merencanakan pola operasi armada pengangkut CPO, dan penentuan pelabuhan hub untuk ekspor CPO. Metode Transportasi digunakan untuk memilih pabrik pengolahan CPO sebagai pemasok utama. Dari hasil analisis didapatkan bahwa penggunaan moda darat menggunakan truk lebih optimal dibandingkan menggunakan tongkang hal ini dikarenakan kondisi sungai di Kalimantan Tengah yang dangkal. Dengan menggunakan metode transportasi didapatkan empat lokasi pabrik pengolahan minyak kelapa sawit. Pelabuhan hub yang terpilih berlokasi di Bagendang dan Bumi Harjo. Kedua titik tersebut dipilih karena sudah memiliki tangki timbun dan dermaga untuk ekspor CPO, selain itu pemilihan berdasarkan hasil analisa didapatkan biaya dari Pabrik PT. ATLANTIS ke Pelabuhan Bagendang dengan truk berukuran 10 ton memerlukan biaya sebesar Rp. 333.016,25/TRIP/TRUK. Pabrik PT. ATLANTIS II ke Pelabuhan Bagendang Rp. 237.868,75/TRIP/TRUK. Pabrik PT. TIGER ke Pelabuhan Bumi Harjo Rp. 475.737,50/TRIP/TRUK. PT. TIGER II merupakan pabrik yang dapat melakukan pengiriman langsung menggunakan tongkang berukuran 1800 DWT melewati sungai Barito, dengan biaya Rp.123.007.828,27,- /voyage.

  14. R and D activities on CANDU-type fuel in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suripto, A.; Badruzzaman, M.; Latief, A. [Nuclear Fuel Element Centre, National Atomic Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN), Puspiptek, Serpong (Indonesia)

    1997-07-01

    The status of R and D activities in Indonesia with respect of CANDU-type fuel development is presented. The activities have been started since the first feasibility study to introduce nuclear power plants was carried out in 1970s. The early research comprised the in-situ pilot production of yellow-cake in Kalimantan (Borneo) experimental mining site, uranium purification and pellet preparation. This program continued to gain a full support from the Government which culminated in the realisation of the construction by BATAN of a large fuel development laboratory in Serpong, starting from 1984 in co-operation with NIRA Ansaldo of Italy. The laboratory, which is called the Power Reactor Experimental Fuel Element Installation (EFEI) was originally designed as an experimental facility to integrate the acquired domestic R and D results gained so far on the CANDU-type fuel technology and the additional know-how received from NIRA Ansaldo which at that time was engaged, in developing a CANDU-type fuel, called the CIRENE fuel design. In the present days the facility houses the power reactor fuel development activities carried out to build up the national capability on power reactor fuel fabrication technology in anticipation to embark upon the nuclear energy era in the near future. (author)

  15. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystof Obidzinski

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari, West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya, and Papua (Boven Digoel to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, and air pollution. In terms of social impacts, many stakeholder groups, i.e., employees, out-growers, and investing households, report significant gains. However, we found these benefits were not evenly distributed. Other stakeholders, particularly traditional landowners, experienced restrictions on traditional land use rights and land losses. We observed increasing land scarcity, rising land prices, and conflicts over land in all sites. Three major trade-offs are associated with the development of oil palm plantations, including those related to biofuels: unevenly distributed economic benefits are generated at the cost of significant environmental losses; there are some winners but also many losers; and economic gains accrue at the expense of weak rule of law. To reduce the negative impacts and trade-offs of oil palm plantations and maximize their economic potential, government decision makers need to restrict the use of forested land for plantation development, enforce existing regulations on concession allocation and environmental management, improve monitoring of labor practices, recognize traditional land use rights, and make land transfer agreements involving customary land more transparent and legally binding.

  16. Characteristics of carbonaceous aerosols emitted from peatland fire in Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Yusuke; Iriana, Windy; Oda, Masafumi; Puriwigati, Astiti; Tohno, Susumu; Lestari, Puji; Mizohata, Akira; Huboyo, Haryono Setiyo

    2014-04-01

    Biomass burning is a significant source of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Forest, bush, and peat fires in Kalimantan and Sumatra, Indonesia are major sources of transboundary haze pollution in Southeast Asia. However, limited data exist regarding the chemical characteristics of aerosols at sources. We conducted intensive field studies in Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, during the peatland fire and non-burning seasons in 2012. We characterized PM2.5 carbonaceous aerosols emitted from peatland fire based on ground-based source-dominated sampling. PM2.5 aerosols were collected with two mini-volume samplers using Teflon and quartz fiber filters. Background aerosols were also sampled during the transition period between the non-burning and fire seasons. We analyzed the carbonaceous content (organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC)) by a thermal optical reflectance utilizing the IMPROVE_A protocol and the major organic components of the aerosols by a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. PM2.5 aerosols emitted from peatland fire were observed in high concentrations of 7120 ± 3620 μg m-3 and were primarily composed of OC (71.0 ± 5.11% of PM2.5 mass). Levoglucosan exhibited the highest total ion current and was present at concentrations of 464 ± 183 μg m-3. The OC/EC ratios (36.4 ± 9.08), abundances of eight thermally-derived carbon fractions, OC/Levoglucosan ratios (10.6 ± 1.96), and Levoglucosan/Mannosan ratios (10.6 ± 2.03) represent a signature profile that is inherent in peatland fire. These data will be useful in identifying contributions from single or multiple species in atmospheric aerosol samples collected from peatland fires.

  17. Perancangan Aplikasi Web Dinamis Pada Bank Indonesia Kantpr Cabang Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Yeni F.

    2011-01-01

    Bank Indonesia merupakan satu-satunya bank sentral di Indonesia yang menangani berbagai kegiatan keuangan dan perbankan. Selain itu Bank Indonesia juga mendukung dan memberikan andil dalam menjalankan roda perekonomian di Indonesia. Karena pengaruhnya yang besar dalam roda perekonomian Indonesia maka lembaga ini telah meluncurkan sebuah web dinamis yang telah dipublikasikan oleh pimpinan Bank Indonesia di pusat (Jakarta). Website tersebut menyajikan berbagai informasi Bank Indonesia secara um...

  18. STRENGTHENING BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sastrapradja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The wave of biotechnology promises has struck not only the developed countries but the developing countries as well. The scientific community in Indonesia is aware of the opportunities and is eager to take an active part in this particular endeavour. Meanwhile resources are required to welcoming the biotech­nology era. The need of trained manpower, appropriate infrastructure and equipment, operational and maintenance costs requires serious consideration if a unit or a laboratory is expected to be functional in biotechnology. There is a good opportunity of applying biotechnology in the field of agriculture and industry considering the availability of biological resources in Indonesia. This paper outlines what have been done so far, the difficulties encountered and the efforts made to strengthening biotechnology research in Indonesia.

  19. Kenaf: its prospect in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estri Laras Arumingtyas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Kenaf is a plant fibre with high potential as source of material industry. Originally, kenaf usage in Indonesia is still limited only for jute sacks material, which is then displaced by plastic sacks production. While at international scale, kenaf has been started to be developed as pulp material, polypropylene composite, fibreglass replacement, and particle board for automotive industry materials. Indonesia is a tropical country this condition which suitable for kenaf cultivation. However, research reports about kenaf potential usages are still few and limited in domestic level only. Whereas, Indonesian kenaf plant information is needed by international community to understand comprehensively about the potential of tropical plants. This article aims to provide an overview about kenaf cultivation potential and usages in Indonesia as well as the possibility of future development. Key words: kenaf, fibre, prospect, potential.

  20. PERSPEKTIF ARSITEKTUR SURYA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimmy Priatman

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Solar energy is a prospective alternative resource due to its existence as a non-polluting source of renewable energy. The potency of solar energy in Indonesia at the belt of equator enables its usage in buildings directly to fulfill human needs. The integrative implementation of solar technology into building emerges specific challenges in architectural design and evolves a new architectural approach which is called "solar architecture". Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Energi surya merupakan sumberdaya alternatif yang prospektif karena energi surya merupakan sumber energi yang dapat diperbarui dan tidak menimbulkan polusi. Potensi energi surya di Indonesia yang berada dijalur khatulistiwa memungkinkan penggunaan secara langsung dalam bangunan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan manusia. Implementasi teknik pemanfaatan energi surya kedalam bangunan secara integratif menimbulkan tantangan spesifik dalam perancangan arsitektur dan merupakan embrio pewujudan suatu tatanan arsitektur baru yang dikenal sebagai "arsitektur surya" Keywords: arsitektur surya, energi surya

  1. DETERMINAN TABUNGAN MUDHARABAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roikhan Moch Aziz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research to determine how the influence of macro variables were Profit Sharing Ratio (equivalent rate, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI against Mudharabah Savings at Islamic Banking in Indonesia. The data used in this research were data time series by using multiple regressions and analysis by Ordinary Least Squares. The results showed that simultaneously independent variables (Profit Sharing ratio, Inflation, GDP, and SWBI have significant influence the dependent variable (MudharabaH Savings with probability 0.000000. End that partially independent variables (Inflation with probability 0.0013, GDP with probability 0.0000, and SWBI with probability 0.0000 have positively influence and significantly to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings in the Islamic Banking of Indonesia. While between the variable independent (Profit Sharing ratio to dependent variable (Mudharabah Savings have not significantly with probability 0.2040, in the Islamic Banking of IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2425

  2. The Development of e-Government System in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mi'rojul Huda

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the system of electronic-based government or e-government in Indonesia. The development of e-government system in Indonesia is very important to answer the demands of globalization and modernization that are growing rapidly. E-government system is intended so that the governance is easier, faster, transparent, and effective. However, in its development, the implementation of e-government in Indonesia still needs various improvements. Information in this study is obtained from a variety of publications and documents related to the purposes of the study. The results of the study, among others, show that for technology resources,should the current government to allocate funds sufficient to meet the various devices related to the development of e-government. As for human resources, starting now, the government should have a commitment to provide informal education in the field of ICT in the state apparatus and society. To synchronize both strategies, it is necessary to build digital communities (digital society throughout the region in Indonesia. The existence of digital society is considered not only able to develop better e-government system but also has an impact on economic acceleration. Other than those two things, the most important thing also requires commitment and strong leadership in developing e-government.

  3. Probabilitas Teroris Perempuan di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Endy Saputro

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian police through Densus 88 have analyzed and predicted the strategy of terrorism in Indonesia, which was important to note that those Indonesian terrorist are males. In short, the Indonesian terrorists need to set up their strategy of attack. Will the Indonesian terrorists build a new strategy with taking involve woman within the strategy? This paper aims to understand the involvement of women terrorist in some suicide actions in global context. To sum up, this paper argues that the emergence of women terrorist in Indonesia are possible, yet it requires the precedence conditions of world women terrorists in global contexts.

  4. Quantifying changes in the rates of forest clearing in Indonesia from 1990 to 2005 using remotely sensed data sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Matthew C.; Stehman, Stephen V.; Potapov, Peter V.; Arunarwati, Belinda; Stolle, Fred; Pittman, Kyle

    2009-07-01

    Timely and accurate data on forest change within Indonesia is required to provide government, private and civil society interests with the information needed to improve forest management. The forest clearing rate in Indonesia is among the highest reported by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), behind only Brazil in terms of forest area lost. While the rate of forest loss reported by FAO was constant from 1990 through 2005 (1.87 Mha yr-1), the political, economic, social and environmental drivers of forest clearing changed at the close of the last century. We employed a consistent methodology and data source to quantify forest clearing from 1990 to 2000 and from 2000 to 2005. Results show a dramatic reduction in clearing from a 1990s average of 1.78 Mha yr-1 to an average of 0.71 Mha yr-1 from 2000 to 2005. However, annual forest cover loss indicator maps reveal a near-monotonic increase in clearing from a low in 2000 to a high in 2005. Results illustrate a dramatic downturn in forest clearing at the turn of the century followed by a steady resurgence thereafter to levels estimated to exceed 1 Mha yr-1 by 2005. The lowlands of Sumatra and Kalimantan were the site of more than 70% of total forest clearing within Indonesia for both epochs; over 40% of the lowland forests of these island groups were cleared from 1990 to 2005. The method employed enables the derivation of internally consistent, national-scale changes in the rates of forest clearing, results that can inform carbon accounting programs such as the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD) initiative.

  5. Optimasi Time Dial Setting (TDS Relay Arus Lebih Menggunakan Adaptive Modified Firefly Algorithm Pada Sistem Kelistrikan PT. Pupuk Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincentius Raki Mahindhara

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan relay arus lebih (over current relay pada industri memerlukan pengaturan beberapa parameter seperti arus pickup (Ip, time dial setting (TDS, serta waktu operasi (top. Dalam standard acuan dicantumkan batasan-batasan dan formulasi dalam menentukan parameter tersebut. Salah satu permasalahan adalah penentuan TDS pada relay inverse (Kode ANSI 51. Umumnya penentuan nilai TDS dilakukan dengan metode trial and error, hal ini dirasa kurang efektif sehingga diusulkan suatu metode baru dalam menentukan TDS pada sistem kelistrikan eksisting PT. Pupuk Kalimantan Timur. Digunakan algoritma adaptive firefly yang dimodifikasi dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan dengan mempertimbangkan kurva starting motor dan perbedaan tipe kurva antar relay

  6. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PEMANFAATAN RAWAT JALAN DAN RAWAT INAP PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DI JAWA, SUMATERA, DAN KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuslely Usman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Utilization of health service facility constitutes the important indicator in assessing successful of healthservice. Level of utilization indicates whether health service is affordable and distributed equally. There are many factors which affecting utilization of health service facility such as socio-economic status and geographical access. So far, Kalimantan's health development is remained near to the ground compared with Java and Sumatra. Meanwhile, decentralization era insist the local specific data in health program planning. Objective: To find factors of utilization of health service facility in terms of socio-economic status, location of residence, distance to health facilities, and its utilization in Java, Sumatra,and Kalimantan islands. Methods: This study was observational with cross sectional study design. It was parallelized with Baseline Health Research (RISKESDAS which is focused only in Java, Sumatra, and Kalimantan. The unit analysis was household of RISKESDAS 2007 and National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS 2007. The instruments were individual and household structure questionnaires. Data analyses were used univariate, bivariate, and multivariate techniques. Results: Generally, utilization of health service facilities were below than national rate (2.5% particularly in-patient services.Those facilities were made the most of high economic class rather than the poor. There was a difference in using of health facilities of the people in those islands. The government hospital was mainly chosen by the people to have medication in Kalimantan, while in Java and Sumatra, the people preferred to utilize private hospitals especially in-patient services. In terms of ability to pay to health care and health insurance coverage, they were affordable by 3% and 20% of people respectively. The utilization of health service was influenced by economic level, health accessibility, gender, urban and rural areas, and island. Those factors

  7. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI BERBASIS SISTEM USAHATANI TERPADU DI WILAYAH PASANG SURUT (STUDI KASUS: KABUPATEN PULANG PISAU PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rustan Massinai

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Central Kalimantan province has tidal swampland with total area of about 5.5 million hectares and it is considered as potential area for agricultural development. Basically, the land can be cultivated for food crop, horticulture, estate and livestock as well as. The purpose of this research was to identify both external and internal factors of integrated farming system at tidal swampland in order to develop agro-industry and to formulate alternative strategy for integrated farming system development at tidal swamp land. The research conducted in Maliku, as sub district of Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan Province use field descryptive survey on May to December 2011. SWOT  method was then used to analize data. As a result, there are several strategy options for developing integrated farming: a expansion of cultivated areas, b develop agro-industry system, c, improve the quality of human resources, d provide the access for capital and market expansion, e increase farm capital. Strategic position issued by local government of Pulang Pisau in order to develop integrated farming is located at level of quadrant I or aggressive development so that strategic development that should be conducted involve “growth-oriented strategy” by using strategy of SO with involving the whole power to achieve opportunity. Keywords: Strategy, integrated farming system, tidal swamp land, agro-industry   ABSTRAK Kalimantan Tengah mempunyai luas lahan pasang surut berkisar 5,5 juta hektar merupakan lahan potensial untuk pengembangan pertanian. Pada umumnya sebagian besar lahan tersebut dapat diusahakan untuk tanaman pangan, hortikultura, perkebunan dan peternakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor internal dan eksternal dalam pengembangan sistem usahatani terpadu di lahan pasang surut untuk mendukung agroindustri dan untuk memformulasikan alternatif strategi dalam pengembangan sistem usahatani terpadu di lahan pasang surut. Penelitian ini di

  8. Bacteriologica acteriological examinations of ducklings, duck's eggs, feed, and rice bran collected from Alibio market, South Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istiana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Bakteriological examinations of samples consisted of ducklings, duck's eggs feed and rice bran collected from Alabio market, South Kalimantan were conducted in the laboratory during the year 1992 and 1993 . Result of the examinations showed that 22 isolates of Salmonella Hadar, were isolated from 180 internal organ of ducklings (12 .2%, while 1 isolate of Salmonella Typhimurium (0 .5%, and 1 isolate of Salmonella Virchow (0 .5% was isolated respectively from 180 duck's eggs. Besides, other bacteria were also isolated namely Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas sp., Klebsiella sp ., Citrobacter sp . Enterobacter sp, Proteus sp., and Serratia sp . No pathogenic bacteria were isolated from feed as well as from rice bran .

  9. Stratigraphy and Tectonics of the East Ketungau Basin, West Kalimantan during Palaeogene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyono Suyono

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v8i4.170East Ketungau Basin is one of frontier basins in Indonesia. Some of these basins, especially those in eastern Indonesia, have been identified to possess potential of oil and gas. The existing publications of geological fieldworks and extensive exploration in the East Ketungau Basin are limited. The detailed sedimentological and biostratigraphical studies of the sedimentary succession will be used to reconstruct the tectonic and palaeogeographical history of the basin. The sedimentary Mandai Group consists of three facies such as mudstone facies, clean sand facies and alternation between thinly coal seam, coaly shale, and claystone facies. However, each facies characterizes depositional environment of barrier- island and associated strand-plain systems.

  10. Smoke over Sumatra, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    At least once a year for a period lasting from a week to several months, northern Sumatra is obscured by smoke and haze produced by agricultural burning and forest fires. These data products from the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer document the presence of airborne particulates on March 13, 2002, during Terra orbit 11880. On the left is an image acquired by MISR's 70-degree backward-viewing camera. On the right is a map of aerosol optical depth, a measure of the abundance of atmospheric particulates. This product utilized a test version of the MISR retrieval that incorporates an experimental set of aerosol mixtures. The haze has completely obscured northeastern Sumatra and part of the Strait of Malacca, which separates Sumatra and the Malaysian Peninsula. A northward gradient is apparent as the haze dissipates in the direction of the Malaysian landmass. Each panel covers an area of about 760 kilometers x 400 kilometers.Haze conditions had posed a health concern during late February (when schools in some parts of North Sumatra were closed), and worsened considerably in the first two weeks of March. By mid-March, local meteorology officials asked residents of North Sumatra's provincial capital, Medan, to minimize their outdoor activities and wear protective masks. Poor visibility at Medan airport forced a passenger plane to divert to Malaysia on March 14, and visibility reportedly ranged between 100 and 600 meters in some coastal towns southeast of Medan.The number and severity of this year's fires was exacerbated by dry weather conditions associated with the onset of a weak to moderate El Nino. The governments of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei have agreed to ban open burning in plantation and forest areas. The enforcement of such fire bans, however, has proven to be an extremely challenging task.MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by

  11. Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis E virus among apparently healthy humans and pigs in Bali, Indonesia: Identification of a pig infected with a genotype 4 hepatitis E virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wibawa, I Dewa Nyoman; Muljono, David H; Mulyanto; Suryadarma, I G A; Tsuda, Fumio; Takahashi, Masaharu; Nishizawa, Tsutomu; Okamoto, Hiroaki

    2004-05-01

    In Indonesia where hepatitis E virus (HEV) is believed to be highly endemic, only three outbreaks of HEV transmission have been documented to date in restricted areas (West Kalimantan and East Java). A total of 1,115 serum samples collected from apparently healthy individuals in Bali, Lombok, and Surabaya in Indonesia in 1996 where epidemic HEV transmissions have never been reported, were tested for IgG class antibodies to HEV (anti-HEV). In Bali, anti-HEV was detected in 20% (54/276) of the tested population, in remarkable contrast with 4% (17/446) in Lombok and 0.5% (2/393) in Surabaya. On the other hand, antibodies to hepatitis A virus were highly prevalent in all three regions (95% in Bali, 90% in Lombok, and 89% in Surabaya). Although the majority of the population in Indonesia is Moslem, Balinese people are mostly Hindu and have a habit of consuming pork. Therefore, serum samples were obtained from the 99 farm pigs in Bali and tested for anti-HEV and HEV RNA. The sera from 71 pigs (72%) were positive for anti-HEV and a 2-month-old pig had detectable HEV RNA. The swine HEV isolate recovered from the viremic pig was named SB66-Bali. The SB66-Bali isolate was most closely related to the genotype 4 isolates from China, India, Japan, and Taiwan, but shared only 82.6-90.0% identity in the common 241-412 nucleotides within open reading frame 2 (ORF2). These results indicate that a presumably indigenous HEV strain(s) is circulating in Bali, Indonesia and that HEV infection may occur via zoonosis even in developing countries. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  12. Faktor-faktor pada kejadian GAKY ibu hamil di Tabunganen Barito Kuala, Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfi tri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: Iodine Defi ciency Disorder (IDD is a health problem that affects quality of human resources. IDD happens not only due to iodine defi ciency but also other disorders such as goitrogenic substance (thiocyanate, pollutants of heavy metals (Pb and micronutrient defi ciency (Fe that inhibit thyroid hormone biosynthesis which cause the sweling of goitre glands.Objective: To identify the association between consumption of iodine, thiocyanate, Fe consumption, status of anemia and Pb and status of IDD in pregnant mothers at Subdistrict of Tabunganen, District of Barito Kuala, Province of Kalimantan Selatan.Method: The study was observational using case control design and quantitative method. Data were obtained through the palpation of goitre glands, measurement of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH level using ELISA method, iodine and thiocyanate consumption using food recall 2x24 hours and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ, Fe consumption using FFQ, Hb level using photometric method and Pb level using AAS method. Data were analysed by using chi-square and logistic regression.Result: There was signifi cant association (p<0.05 between consumption of iodine (fi sh based on FFQ and IDD status (goitre with OR=3.44 and IDD status (TSH with OR=8.00. There was no association between consumption of thiocyanate and Fe measured with food recall, FFQ and IDD status (goitre and TSH. There was signifi cant association (p<0.05 between Pb status and IDD status (TSH with OR=9.35.Conclusion: There was association between iodine consumption based on FFQ (fi sh and IDD status (goitre after the control of iodine consumption status (food recall. There was association between iodine consumption status (FFQ in fi sh together with anemia status and the prevalence of IDD disorder (TSH after the control of Pb status. KEYWORDS: iodine defi ciency disorder, pregnant mothers, iodine, thiocyanate, Fe, anemia, PbABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Gangguan akibat

  13. Energy policy review of Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-11-21

    The Republic of Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous nation and a developing economy in transition. It is now consolidating its democratic government and implementing governance and financial reforms. After the Asian financial crisis of 1997-99, Indonesia's economy has returned to a strong and stable 5-6% annual growth. Over recent decades, its resource wealth, openness to trade and investment, and a strategically favourable location in East Asia have made Indonesia a key global exporter of oil, gas, and coal. However, Indonesia now faces the serious challenge of fast-rising domestic energy demand with declining oil and gas production. The country's energy policy makers are looking closely at domestic energy requirements and best policies to meet these needs. This includes moving prices towards international parity, improving the energy sector investment climate, and developing electricity generation capacity. While some very difficult decisions have been made over recent years, many challenges remain. This study assesses the country's major energy issues. The study was conducted by a team of IEA member country specialists - an approach which has also been used for national and sectoral reviews of other non-IEA countries, including Angola, China, India, Russia, and Ukraine, as well as the Western Balkan region. The Review offers an analysis of Indonesia's energy sector, with findings and recommendations that draw on experience in IEA member countries. Six areas are suggested for priority attention, including progressive reduction in fuel and electricity subsidies, better implementation of policy, improving clarity of the investment framework, helping the energy regulators do their job more effectively, and harnessing a sustainable development agenda particularly renewable energy and energy efficiency.

  14. KAJIAN KELAYAKAN USAHA PENGOLAHAN KERUPUK IKAN PIPIH DI KABUPATEN BARITO KUALA KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahdah Wahdah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to (1 analyze the market opportunity of the giant featherback crackers processing business in Barito Kuala Regency; (2 analyze the profit of the giant featherback crackers processing business in Barito Kuala Regency; and (3 analyze the investment feasibility of the giant featherback crackers processing business in Barito Kuala Regency.     This research was carried out in Bahalayung and Lapasan Villages, Bakumpai District, Barito Kuala Regency, South Kalimantan, with the objects of the giant featherback crackers processors. The data that was collected was the data that directly originated from results of observation in the location of the research, and the other supporting data was related to the object of the research. Results of the research showed that the demand of the giant featherback crackers in Barito Kuala Regency was about 36 ton per the year, with the mean supply of the giant featherback crackers was about 6 ton per the year, so that the giant featherback crackers processing business still owned the market opportunity as many as 30 tons per the year. The giant featherback crackers processing business could give the profit about Rp.6,893,000 - Rp.12,930,000 per the year or about Rp.19,147 - Rp.21,550 per kg with the production about 360 - 600 kg.  The giant featherback crackers processing business in Barito Kuala Regency was profitable and feasible to be carried on, considering the Net Present Value was positive and the Net BCR that more than one, as well as the business was still beneficial was limited by the interest did not reach 137% with the period of the return of investment till 0.71 years (faster than the project period during five years.

  15. ANALISIS DAMPAK ILLEGAL FISHING TERHADAP PRODUKSI TANGKAPAN NELAYAN PERAIRAN UMUM DI KABUPATEN BARITO KUALA KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatimah Fatimah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to (1 analyze the institutional capacity of fisheries surveillance in Barito Kuala regency; (2 analyze community participation in addressing the problems of illegal fishing; and (3 comparing the level of income of fishing communities before and after the formation of Pokmaswas against illegal fishing in Barito Kuala regency. The study activities carried out at Jejangkit Pasar Village, Jejangkit District, Barito Kuala Regency, South Kalimantan, with the object of research of Pokmaswas Berkat Bersama. The data collected were data sourced directly from the observation in the study location and other supporting data related to the study object. Data analyzed with descriptive and paired t – test to compare the capture production before and after illegal fishing.  The results showed that Barito Kuala regency had facilities that were intended for fish resource monitoring through patrols, conducting enforcement by regulatory authorities for fisheries, socialization of surveillance system of society based (SISWASMAS but violations still occurred so that they gave the impression of ineffectiveness or not optimal surveillance activities undertaken in the prevention and treatment of illegal fishing, due to the lack of public understanding factors as well as economy factors. The level of participation of fishermen of Pokmaswas Berkat Bersama in the supervision of fishery resources was quite high, judging from the attitude of fishermen of Pokmaswas Berkat Bersama who mostly reported to the supervising apparatus when they saw illegal fishing activities, rebuked and advised, and ever discussed the issue of illegal fishing with their friends and were willing if they are involved in a meeting that discussed the illegal fishing. Results of the statistical analysis showed highly significant differences in capture production between before and after the occurrence of illegal fishing, where the fishermen average capture production of Pokmaswas

  16. MODEL PENGELOLAAN CAGAR ALAM TELUK ADANG DALAM UPAYA KONSERVASI SUMBERDAYA LINGKUNGAN DI KABUPATEN PASER KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firman Firman

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze Resources potentials (R, Organizations (O and Norm (N conservation center of Adang Bay nature reserve and village conservations area and formulate management model of Adang Bay nature reserve in the effort of conservation of environmental resources in Paser Regency of East Kalimantan.    The research was conducted in eight villages with in Adang Bay reserve area (Padang Pangrapat village, Pondong Baru village, Pasir Mayang village, Muara Adang village, Air Mati village, Teluk Waru village, Muara Telake village, and Petiku village the study was conducted in May to September 2016. The analysis used was qualitative descriptive with data collection methods by triangulation in – depth interview, observation, and FGD, researchers information were selected by the purposive method.    The result of this research is to know the potential of resources contained in Adang Bay Nature reserve area of 18.956 Ha of mangrove area, community resources that live in the area as many as 14.767 people and Adang bay areas are very suitable for aquaculture of fish pond and shrimp, and the high spirit of community mutual corporation in eight conservation village, the Adang Bay Nature Reserve consist of eight definitive villages so that 30 % empowerment budget is available, as well as BUMDes that can be collaborated as a conservation village promotion effort.    Adang Bay Nature Reserve Management Model that supports is Collaborative Management Model, with this model the existence of Adang Bay Reserve does not change the status of the area. The management program stages are directed to protection, preservasion, and utilization with consideration of social, economy and ecology in Adang Bay area.

  17. The performance of Bali Cattle in transmigration area, south Kalimantan: a financial analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumanto

    2017-04-01

    This research was conducted in the sub-district of Takisung, district of Tanah Laut, South Kalimantan Province in 2012. This paper was aimed to know the farming performance of the Bali Cattle rearing system in the transmigration area reared by the transmigrant groups of Harapan Makmur, Sumber Rejeki, Tunas Muda and Darmarwulan, that were selected using purposive sampling as the primary data. The agroecosystem that supported the area consisted of palm oil, rubber and agricultural land. Secondary data was obtained from province agriculture officer and district livestock officer. The results of the study showed that the benefits of calf crop beef cattle rearing system (traditional breeding system) in the group of Harapan Makmur was around IDR 5,295,200/year with B/C ratio of 1.28, whereas the value of the benefits of the group of Tunas Muda was around IDR 4,105,800/year with B/C ratio of 1.22. The value of the benefit of feedlot cattle rearing system in the groups of Sumber Rejeki was around IDR 2,110,000/3 months with B/C ratio of 1.07 and the value of the benefits of the group of Damarwulan was around IDR 5,760,000/3 months with B/C ratio of 1.09. Land resource and source of manpower strongly supported the development of cattle farming with the ownership of 2-4 head/family, both the cows and the bull are very economical, effective and efficient in those business so that would benefit to the farmers group.

  18. PENGUKURAN NILAI TUKAR NELAYAN DI KABUPATEN TANAH LAUT PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Budiono

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian  bertujuan untuk mengukur nilai tukar nelayan dan tingkat ekonomi kesejahteraan nelayan di Kabupaten Tanah Laut Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan.  Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif.  Data yang didapat dengan metode survei,  sedangkan data sekunder  dari instansi pemerintah terkait.  Nilai tukar nelayan yang diukur selama bulan nopember 2012 – pebruari 2013.  Penelitian menggunakan formula Indeks Laspeyres yang dikembangkan dan pengujian dengan teori ekonomi kesejahteraan. Perhitungan nilai tukar nelayan dalam  penelitian didapatkan enam  formula, yaitu (1 NTN-pemilik  (2 NTN-perseorangan  (3 NTN-juragan (4 NTN-ABK terampil (5 NTN- ABK biasa  dan (6 NTN-tradisional.  Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan NTN Kabupaten Tanah Laut berada diatas seratus dan INTN berada diatas satu.  Sedangkan tingkat ekonomi kesejahteraan nelayan mengalami kenaikan. Purpose of the research was to measure trade turn and economic welfare of  fisherman living  in the Sea Land Regency  South Borneo Province.  The research use descriptive method in valving that primary data were obtained by survey and secondary data oven collected from relevant government agencies.  Exchange rate index of thratmen was measured during 4 months (November 2012 – February 2013.  Index formulation was developed Laspeyres the economic welfare of the fisherman. Analysis of fisherman trade term found 6 formulation, in cloding (1 NTN-owner (2 NTN-individual (3-NTN squire (4 NTN-skilled crew (5 NTN-ordinary crew and (6 NTN-traditional. Research results showed that NTN for Tanah Laut district was above 100  and INTN was above 1.  Eventhough economic welfare of fisherman was increase.

  19. ANALISIS PEMASARAN DAN DISTRIBUSI IKAN NILA SEGAR (Oreochromis niloticus DI PASAR BAUNTUNG BANJARBARU PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliyarabihati Yuliyarabihati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to find out differences in marketing margin of tilapia and the factors that influence it, to know the structure, behavior and appearance of tilapia fish market, to  know the benefits received by tilapia traders in Banjarbaru, and analyze the strategies and policies of the local government towards the system that has been running. The research was started from October 2014 until December 2014. The research location was determined intentionally (purposive, i.e. Bauntung Market Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan. It was intended to know prices and marketing costs at the retailer level. The results showed that the analysis of marketing margins of the value of marketing margin was relatively constant/was not much different. Based on F test of all the factors that influenced the marketing margin, they were  free variable volume of marketing (X1, transportation costs (X4, cost of sales (X5 and profit of traders (X6, with 99% confidence level, it was found that there was no real effect on the marketing margin of tilapia. While the selling price (X2, the purchasing price (X3 at 99% confidence level really influenced the marketing margin of tilapia  in Banjarbaru. The analysis of market integration indicated that I ( = 0867, which means that market integration was not perfectly integrated yet. This means that the marketing of tilapia in Bauntung Market Banjarbaru was in imperfect competitive market structure. The value of relationship of price changes amounted to 0.87 (r ≠ 1. This means that the relationship of price changes in traders level and the price change in retailers level were not strong (not perfect. The elasticity value of price transmission (ET was low. The transmission elasticity was <1, the value was 0.763. This means that the price elasticity inelastic or in other words the market is not efficient. The benefits gained by retailers was in average Rp. 2.213,88-/kg.

  20. Habitat-use and conservation of two elusive ground birds (Carpococcyx radiatus and Polyplectron schleiermacheri) in Sungai Wain protection forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.M. Fredriksson; V. Nijman

    2004-01-01

    We studied the distribution and habitat-use of two endemic ground birds, the Borneon groundcuckoo Carpococcyx radiatus and the Bornean peacockpheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri in the Sungai Wain protection Forest, East Kalimantan. Both species are highly elusive and neither has been subject to a

  1. Habitat-use and conservation of two elusive ground birds (Carpococcyx radiatus and Polyplectron schleiermacheri) in Sungai Wain protection forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fredriksson, G.M.; Nijman, V.

    2004-01-01

    We studied the distribution and habitat-use of two endemic ground birds, the Borneon groundcuckoo Carpococcyx radiatus and the Bornean peacockpheasant Polyplectron schleiermacheri in the Sungai Wain protection Forest, East Kalimantan. Both species are highly elusive and neither has been subject to

  2. Naturkonzepte und indigene Identitätsentwürfe im Kontext ökologischer Konflikte in Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timo Duile

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In hegemonialen Diskursen, die sich gerade in ökonomischer Hinsicht als wirkmächtig erwiesen haben, erscheinen ökologische Konflikte meist als Konflikte um das adäquate Management von Ressourcen. Der epistemische Subtext dieser Herangehensweise an den Gegenstand „Umwelt“ basiert auf einem spezifischen Konzept von Natur, welches Natur als Materie, als das Andere der Kultur und des menschlichen Geistes begreift. Mit Bezug auf Philippe Descola soll in diesem Artikel gezeigt werden, dass sich die im Kontext indigener politischer Strategien revitalisierenden und neu ausgehandelten Naturkonzepte der Dayak auf der Insel Borneo von diesem hegemonialen Naturkonzept unterscheiden – auch wenn sich diese immer wieder auf Grundlagen der hegemonialen Episteme beziehen müssen, um in die globalen Diskurse eintreten zu können. Der Beitrag veranschaulicht diese epistemische Dimension ökologischer Konflikte, indem exemplarisch Publikationen von John Bamba, Direktor einer indigenen Organisation im indonesischen West-Kalimantan, analysiert werden. Es soll außerdem gezeigt werden, wie indigenes Wissen in seiner epistemischen Gesamtheit in hegemonialen Diskursen über lokales Wissen in Kalimantan ausgeblendet wird.

  3. PERSEPSI DUKUN BAYI TERHADAP KEMITRAAN DENGAN BIDAN DALAM PERTOLONGAN PERSALINAN DI PEDESAAN (Studi di Provinsi Jawa Timur dan Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rukmini Rukmini

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The partnership between Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs and midwives is one of Government efforts to increase the coverage of safe deliveries and to improve the referral system by TBAs. This study aimed to determine TBA perceptions about the partnership with midwives in assisting child birth at villages. It was an observational study with a cross sectional approach. The perception of TBAs on partnership with midwives were collected by interview using questioners. There were 40 TBAs from eight Public Health Centers in four district in East Java and South Kalimantan Provinces as respondents. Results showed that 80%-100% TBAs had partnership and frequent partnership with midwives in East Java provinces better than that in South Kalimantan. In the partnership midwives provide more services and nursing at deliveries, whereas the traditional birth attendants gave more post delivery services in the post delivery period. TBAs responsed that the health services by the midwives and their skill were good. The expenses for assisting birth was relatively cheap in both provinces.Therefore, TBAs and midwives partnership has to be improved since early pregnancy to delivery, post delivery services and nursing of babies, to prevent infant and maternal deaths. Key words: Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs, midwives, partnership, assisting deliveries

  4. GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION AMONG POPULATIONS OF Chromobotia macracanthus BLEEKER FROM SUMATRA AND KALIMANTAN BASED ON SEQUENCING GENE OF MTDNA CYTOCHROME B AND NUCLEUS DNA RAG2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarto Sudarto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on genetic differentiation among populations of Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker from Sumatra, based on sequencing gene of mtDNA Cytochrome b and nucleus DNA RAG2 has been done. The objectives of the study were to obtain the representation of genetic differentiation among population of clown loach fishes or botia (Chromobotia macracanthus from Sumatra and Kalimantan and to estimate the time divergence of both population group of botia. Samples of botia population were taken from 3 rivers in Sumatra namely Batanghari, Musi, and Tulang Bawang and one river from Kalimantan namely Kapuas. The genetic analysis was based on the sequencing of mtDNA Cytochrome b and nucleus DNA RAG2. The statistical analysis was done by using APE package on R language. The parameters observed were: nucleotide diversity, genetic distance, and neighbor-joining tree. The result showed that the highest nucleotide diversity was fish population of Musi, while the other two populations, Tulang Bawang (Sumatra and Kapuas (Kalimantan, were considered as the lowest genetic diversity especially based on nucleus DNA RAG2 sequencing. Based on mtDNA Cytochrome-b sequencing, the most distinct population among those populations based on genetic distance were fish populations of Musi and Kapuas. According to the result of neighbor-joining tree analysis, the populations of botia were classified into two groups namely group of Sumatra and group of Kalimantan. The estimation of time divergence among group of population of Sumatra and Kalimantan based on mtDNA Cytochrome b was about 9.25—9.46 million years (Miocene era. The high genetic differences between groups of Sumatra and Kalimantan suggested that the effort of restocking botia from Sumatra into Kalimantan has to be done carefully, because it may disturb the gene originality of both botia populations.

  5. M-Commerce In Indonesia: Problems & Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyoto Indonesia

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a preliminary observation of the latest m-Commerce problems and prospects in Indonesia. Every year the Indonesian mobile market has grown, from 175.1 million subscribers in 2009 to 222.7 million in 2010 and then to more than 240 million subscribers by 2011. However, the fact is that the m-Commerce adoption in Indonesia has still been low and slow. Mobile commerce or commonly abbreviated as m-Commerce is still considered as something new in Indonesia. The purposes of this paper are to describe the m-Commerce development trends in Indonesia, to identify problems faced by Indonesia, to identify its prospects in Indonesia, and to propose alternative solutions to the problems that have been identified. This paper attempts to help business managers to understand the problems of m-Commerce and to be capitalize on the advantages of m-Commerce.

  6. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW IN INDONESIA AFTER 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Selvie Sinaga

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the major changes of intellectual property condition in Indonesia after 2001. In that year, Indonesia, which has become a member of the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS since 1994, was ready to meet its commitment under TRIPS. To do so, Indonesiahas made changes in the areas of legislation, administration, court proceedings, and law enforcement. The paper also discusses problematic issues surrounded the implementation of such changes in Indonesia. Tulisan ini melihat kembali perubahan-perubahan besar dalam bidang hak kekayaan intelektual di Indonesia setelah tahun 2001. Pada tahun tersebut, Indonesia, yang telah menjadi anggota Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS sejak 1994, siap untuk memenuhi komitmennya dalam TRIPS. Untuk memenuhi komitmen tersebut, Indonesia telah membuat perubahan-perubahan dalam bidang legislatif, administratif, tata cara pengadilan dan penegakan hukum. Tulisan ini juga membahas permasalahan di seputar pelaksanaan perubahan-perubahan tersebut.

  7. Imaging tropical peatlands in Indonesia using ground penetrating radar (GPR and electrical resistivity imaging (ERI: implications for carbon stock estimates and peat soil characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Comas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Current estimates of carbon (C storage in peatland systems worldwide indicate tropical peatlands comprise about 15% of the global peat carbon pool. Such estimates are uncertain due to data gaps regarding organic peat soil thickness and C content. Indonesian peatlands are considered the largest pool of tropical peat carbon (C, accounting for an estimated 65% of all tropical peat while being the largest source of carbon dioxide emissions from degrading peat worldwide, posing a major concern regarding long-term sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. We combined a set of indirect geophysical methods (ground penetrating radar, GPR, and electrical resistivity imaging, ERI with direct observations from core samples (including C analysis to better understand peatland thickness in West Kalimantan (Indonesia and determine how geophysical imaging may enhance traditional coring methods for estimating C storage in peatland systems. Peatland thicknesses estimated from GPR and ERI and confirmed by coring indicated variation by less than 3% even for small peat-mineral soil interface gradients (i.e. below 0.02°. The geophysical data also provide information on peat matrix attributes such as thickness of organomineral horizons between peat and underlying substrate, the presence of wood layers, buttressed trees and soil type. These attributes could further constrain quantification of C content and aid responsible peatland management in Indonesia.

  8. Imaging tropical peatlands in Indonesia using ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electrical resistivity imaging (ERI): implications for carbon stock estimates and peat soil characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comas, X.; Terry, N.; Slater, L.; Warren, M.; Kolka, R.; Kristijono, A.; Sudiana, N.; Nurjaman, D.; Darusman, T.

    2015-01-01

    Current estimates of carbon (C) storage in peatland systems worldwide indicate tropical peatlands comprise about 15% of the global peat carbon pool. Such estimates are uncertain due to data gaps regarding organic peat soil thickness and C content. Indonesian peatlands are considered the largest pool of tropical peat carbon (C), accounting for an estimated 65% of all tropical peat while being the largest source of carbon dioxide emissions from degrading peat worldwide, posing a major concern regarding long-term sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. We combined a set of indirect geophysical methods (ground penetrating radar, GPR, and electrical resistivity imaging, ERI) with direct observations from core samples (including C analysis) to better understand peatland thickness in West Kalimantan (Indonesia) and determine how geophysical imaging may enhance traditional coring methods for estimating C storage in peatland systems. Peatland thicknesses estimated from GPR and ERI and confirmed by coring indicated variation by less than 3% even for small peat-mineral soil interface gradients (i.e. below 0.02°). The geophysical data also provide information on peat matrix attributes such as thickness of organomineral horizons between peat and underlying substrate, the presence of wood layers, buttressed trees and soil type. These attributes could further constrain quantification of C content and aid responsible peatland management in Indonesia.

  9. PERSPEKTIF GLOBAL PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA INVESTASI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Syaifuddin

    2011-06-01

    Pembentukan UUPM No. 25/2007 adalah konsekwensi yuridis dari ratifikasi Perjanjian WTO. TRIMs, yang bertujuan menciptakan hukum investasi, termasuk hukum penyelesaian sengketa investasi, yang sesuai dengan kehendak investor asing dalam perspektif global, yaitu: pertama, mengandung karakter hukum yang berkepastian, berkeadilan, dan berefisiensi; dan kedua, berlandaskan spirit hukum yang mengarahkan pemerintah dan penanaman modal asing menyelesaikan sengketa investasi melalui arbitrase internasional daripada pengadilan bahkan arbitrase nasional di Indonesia. Krisis lembaga peradilan di Indonesia harus diselesaikan dengan cara membangun sistem hukum peradilan dengan mengacu pada Pancasila sebagai cita hukum investasi Indonesia. Hal tersebut adalah  suatu syarat bagi terbentuknya aturan hukum penyelesaian sengketa investasi yang serasi dalam perspektif global dan lokal (Indonesia.

  10. Karakteristik morfologi teritip spons Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiono

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian teritip spons Indonesia jarang dilakukan sejak kelompok ini pertama kali dideskripsikan hingga saat ini. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji karakter morfologi teritip spons Indonesia dan untuk mengkaji hubungan spesies spesifik teritip terhadap spons. Pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini dilaksanakan sejak Oktober sampai Desember 2012 di tiga lokasi yaitu Pulau Weh, Kepulauan Seribu, dan Kepulauan Karimunjawa. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode survei dan titik pengambilan sampel dipilih berdasarkan keberadaan spons. Sampel diamati menggunakan mikroskop stereo dan mikroskop elektron kemudian diidentifikasi berdasarkan deskripsi Darwin (1854, Pilsbry (1916, Martin dan Davis (2001, dan Kolbasov (1993. Hasil penelitian didapatkan empat spesies teritip spons yaitu Acasta cyathus, A. fenestrata, Euacasta dofleini, dan Membranobalanus longirostrum. Terdapat hubungan spesies spesifik antara teritip dan spons inang yaitu antara teritip E. dofleini dan spons Haliclona sp. dan antara teritip M. longirostrum dan spons Suberites sp.

  11. KERAGAAN KOPI PASAR DOMESTIK INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufani Sagita

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Coffee has been becoming one of priority commodity of Indonesia since this country also as one of main producer in the world. However, Indonesia got hardly in maintaining world position due to increasing of production and capacity of other country such as in Vietnam and Brazil. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize situation of demand and supply for coffee commodity in domestic scope to understand further the bargaining position level. Various variable such as production, productivity,demand, supply, domestic price, export and import of coffe are considered to be performance variables for domestic market. This research used SAS (Statistical Analysis System tool by using times series data. The result of the analysis shown that the performance of Indonesian coffee trading is affected by the supply, demand and price of Indonesian coffee.

  12. CESTODES IN MAN IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri S. Margono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cestodes are found endemic in certain areas of Indonesia. The most common cestodes found are Taenia saginata and Taenia solium. Eggs of Taenia are found in stool samples during surveys in Irian Jaya (2-9 %, Nusa Tenggara Timur (7 %, Bali and resettlement areas of people from Bali (0,4 - 3,3%. Interviews, with questions concerning expelled segments, recovered a prevalence of 9,5 % in inhabitants of the island of Samosir (North Sumatra and 2 % in the people of 6 villages in Abiansemal (Bali. Cases are also reported from Jakarta. Hymenolepis nana (0,2 -1% and Hymenolepis diminuta (0,4 % are rarely found in surveys. A case of hyperinfection with H. nana has been reported in Jakarta in 1968. Occasionally there are reports of infections with Dipylidium caninum, Raillietina madagascariensis, Bertiella studeri and sparganum. Report on treatment of taeniasis in Indonesia mentioned the use of atabrine, mebendazole, bithionol and praziquantel with different results.

  13. Perlakuan Akuntansi Karbon di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Meliana Taurisianti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to understand the implementation of accounting for carbon, about how it can be measured, recognized, recorded, presentedand disclosed based on Pernyataan Standar Akuntansi (PSAK 19, 23, 32 and 57, also the impact toward the financial ratios. The object of this study is the financial statements of an integrated timber company in Indonesia. This study has analyzed the enables account to be used to record accounting for carbon, also analyzed the impact of implementation of accounting for carbon toward the financial ratios. The results of this study are support the previous study, which intangible asset can be recognized based on PSAK 19, whereas asset and contingent liabilities can be recognized based on PSAK 57. This study also fit out the previous study, which a company can recognize its expense and other income based on PSAK 19, 23 and 32 as a basis for forestry accounting in Indonesia.

  14. Transmigration and accumulation in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Sáinz, Juan Pablo

    1980-01-01

    ILO pub-wep pub. Working paper tracing the evolution of migration policy involving state intervention to reduce problems of overpopulation and employment in Indonesia - describes historical internal migration from java and bali to the outer islands during colonialism and after to up 1979, and argues that migration policy based on exploitation of surplus labour supply for reasons of capitalism has ended in failure. References and statistical tables.

  15. INDONESIA: FROM PLURALISM TO MULTICULTURALISM

    OpenAIRE

    Wasino Wasino

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia was not a new entity when started to become national country. It was called a continuation of the history of the Dutch East Indies. The people lived under western colonial was a pluralistic society, people separated by social class, ethnicity, religion, race and inter-group. Between the authorities and the people separated along racial lines. In addition there was the separation of ethnic groups associated with the economic, educational and social relations. After Indonesian indepen...

  16. PENELITIAN SEROLOGIS JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS PADA BABI DAN KELELAWAR DI SINTANG, KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Winoto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Serological surveys of pigs (Sus scrofa and bats (Chiroptera were conducted in Sin tang over 3 subdistricts (Kayanhulu, Kayanhilir, Kotabaru during the period of 17 July to 2 August 1994. Blood samples were collected fron 68 pigs and 157 bats and tested for JEV antibody. Antibody to JEV were found in 39 (57% pig sera and 24 (15.3% bat sera using a hemagglutination inhibition (HI test. This study gives more information on the geographic and host distribution of JEV in Indonesia, and increased knowledge about potential risk of JEV to public health.

  17. Rethinking Language Education in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maslihatul Umami Umami

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Language education in Indonesia may be discussed by over viewing the nature of the three language categories in the country: Indonesian language, indigenous languages, and foreign languages. From the picture of how the three groups of languages work and function, the problem raised in this paper is based on two fundamental assumptions. Language education in this multilingual and multicultural country is not done on the context of literacy, on the one hand, and it is not yet considered important in comparison with that of the subjects related to basic science and technology, on the other. After reviewing a number of models of bilingual education and comparing them with what has been done in Indonesia, a preferred model will be offered. Finally, it will also be suggested that language education in Indonesia should be associated with literacy development in a wider sense. Furthermore, meanwhile language education should be given an adequate room; language teaching should be based on the functional use of the existing languages in the country and should be done in tandem with the teaching of content since content is delivered through the medium of language.

  18. Tropical landscapes in transition? : Widespread land-use change and measures to maintain forests, carbon stocks and biodiversity in North and East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Laan, C.

    2016-01-01

    The production of commodities such as palm oil and pulpwood is leading to large-scale land use change in the rural tropics to fulfil the demands of the increasing world population and overall living standard. On the one hand, such land use changes provide income to companies, smallholders and govern

  19. HOSPES PERANTARA DAN HOSPES RESERVOIR FASCIOLOPSIS BUSKI DI INDONESIA Studi Epidemiologi F. buski di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara, Kalimantan Selatan Tahun 2002 dan 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anorital -

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Buski intestinal worm disease (fasciolopsiosis is an endemic disease in some villages in the Hulu Sungai Utara district. Since the discovery of the case in 1982 until recently, the fasciolopsiosis prevalence has not showed a declining trend. Even in some periods it seems to rise, despite mitigation efforts continue to be implemented through various surveys, which ended with the drugs administration.Unidentified intermediate hosts and reservoir hosts is one constraint in the disease control.To determine the epidemiological cycle of F. buski, two studies were conducted by two research institutions under the Research and Development Agency in 2002 by Anorital, etal. and 2010 by Annida.Results from both studies showed that there were 3 kinds of water plants (second intermediate host consumed by communities; the lily (Nymphea alba, bird lotus(Nymphea lotus and water spinach (Ipomea aquatica which was positive of Metasercariae and Cercariae. Two of four types of freshwater snails (the first intermediate host specimens examined were positive of redia and cercariae; kalambuai snail (Lymnea sp. and flat snails (Indoplanorbis sp.. One of four animal manure specimens examined was positive of F. buski egg (found in buffalo dung. It was also found two egg specimens from chicken and alabio duck manure whichis resembled to F. buski. But in terms ofsize, it was much smaller than the egg of F. buski. Despite these positive findings, the confirmation from experienced research institutions is needed. It is expected that the Buski intestinal worm disease (fasciolopsiosis control can be conducted effectively. An in-depth study is also needed. Key words: Fasciolopsis buski, fasciolopsiosis. ABSTRAK Penyakit kecacingan buski (fasciolopsiosis merupakan penyakit yang endemis di beberapa desa di kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara. Sejak ditemukan kasus penyakit ini pada tahun 1982 dan sampai saat ini, prevalensi fasciolopsiosis tidak menunjukkan kecenderungan menurun. Bahkan dalam beberapa periode terkesan naik, meskipun upaya penanggulangannya terus dilaksanakan melalui berbagai survei yang diakhiri dengan pemberian obat. Tidak diketahuinya dengan pasti hospesperantara I, II dan hospes reservoir; merupakan salah satu kendala dalam pengendalian penyakit. Untuk mengetahui siklus epidemiologi F. buski, telah dilakukan dua studi oleh dua institusi penelitian yang berada di bawah Badan Litbangkes pada tahun 2002  oleh Anorital, dkk dan 2010 oleh Annida. Hasil dari kedua studi tersebut diketahui bahwa terdapat 3 jenis tanaman air (hospes perantara II yang dikonsumsi masyarakat yaitu teratai (Nymphea alba, teratai burung (Nymphea lotus dan kangkung (Ipomea aquatica yang positif serkaria dan metaserkaria. Dari spesimen 4 jenis siput/keong air tawar (hospes perantara I yang diperiksa  diperoleh 2 jenis siput/keong yang positif redia dan serkaria yaitu siput kalambuai (Lymnea sp dan siput pipih (Indoplanorbis sp. Dari 4 jenis spesimen kotoran hewan yang diperiksa, diperoleh 1 spesimen positif  telur F. buski yang ditemukan pada kotoran kerbau. Selain itu ditemukan  juga 2 spesimen dari kotoran ayam dan itik alabio telur yang dari segi bentuk mirip F. buski.  Namun dari segi ukuran, telur parasit yang ditemukan ini jauh lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan telur F. buski yang sebenarnya. Meski adanya temuan positif tersebut, perlu adanya konfirmasi dari institusi penelitian lainnya yang berpengalaman dalam melakukan identifikasi F. buski. Dengan mulai terkuaknya gambaran siklus epidemiologi F. buski ini, diharapkan upayapenanggulangan dan pengendalian penyakit kecacingan buski (fasciolopsiosis dapat dilakukan dengan lebih terfokus dan efektif. Agar siklus epidemiologi F. buski dapat memberikan gambaran yang lebih jelas lagi, diperlukan suatu studi yang lebih mendalam dengan jumlah sampel/spesimen yang lebih banyak.  Kata kunci: Fasciolopsis buski, fasciolopsiosis

  20. Expansion of traditional land-use and deforestation : a case study of an adat forest in the Kandilo Subwatershed, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hunggul Yudono Setio Hadi Nugroho, .; Skidmore, Andrew K.; Hussin, Yousif A.

    2017-01-01

    Deforestation issues are more problematic when indigenous (adat) communities, living within a forest, have lived there for many generations. These adat communities, who employ traditional land-use, are frequently accused of encroaching on the forest. To understand existing and future trends in the

  1. An Analysis of Language Code Used by the Cross-Married Couples, Banjarese-Javanese Ethnics: A Case Study in South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supiani

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to describe the use of language code applied by the participants and to find out the factors influencing the choice of language codes. This research is qualitative research that describe the use of language code in the cross married couples. The data are taken from the discourses about language code phenomena dealing with the…

  2. Spatial heterogeneity of sources of branched tetraethers in shelf systems : The geochemistry of tetraethers in the Berau River delta (Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/07401370X

    2016-01-01

    Living (rose Bengal stained) benthic foraminifera were investigated on surface sediments from 23 stations from the river-dominated northwestern Portuguese margin. Samples were collected in March 2011, following the period of the maximum rainfall over the Iberian Peninsula, between 20 and 2000 m wate

  3. Diversity and community composition of butterflies and ordonates in an ENSO-induced fire affected habitat mosaic: a case study from East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cleary, D.F.R.; Mooers, A.O.; Eichhorn, K.A.O.; van Tol, J.; de Jong, R.; Menken, S.B.J.

    2004-01-01

    Little is known about the diversity of tropical animal communities in recently fireaffected environments. Here we assessed species richness, evenness, and community similarity of butterflies and odonates in landscapes located in unburned isolates and burned areas in a habitat mosaic that was severel

  4. Assessing the influence of return density on estimation of lidar-based aboveground biomass in tropical peat swamp forests of Kalimantan, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solichin Manuri; Hans-Erik Andersen; Robert J. McGaughey; Cris Brack

    2017-01-01

    The airborne lidar system (ALS) provides a means to efficiently monitor the status of remote tropical forests and continues to be the subject of intense evaluation. However, the cost of ALS acquisition canvary significantly depending on the acquisition parameters, particularly the return density (i.e., spatial resolution) of the lidar point cloud. This study assessed...

  5. Pemikiran Tasawuf Muh Arsyad al-Banjari dan Pengaruhnya di Masyarakat Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maimunah Zarkasyi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Muhammad Arsyad al-Banjari is hitherto known in the Malay world as a jurist of Shafi’i school of thought. Little has been known concerning his Sufi inclination and ideas. This paper is interested in investigating just that. By scrolling on his works and exploring the genealogy of his thought, this paper is interested in unraveling the Sufistic tendency that manifests in the thought of al-Banjari. The premise that underlies this paper is that the thought of al-Banjari on Sufism is deep-rooted in the 18th century Sufistic current of thought in Mekka. This current of thought is characterized by its persistence to reconcile Shari‘ah and Tasawuf. Zakariyah al-Anshari was regarded as its foremost leader. He was of an Egyptian origin and wrote a book entitled Fath al-Rahman. Many of al-Banjari’s works including Kanz al-Ma‘rifah that he wrote in the Javanese Arabic may be seen as both an annotation and commentary on Fath al-Rahman. A careful analysis on their works reveals an unmistakable intellectual link between the two. Both have worked within the perspective of Syari’ah and Tasawuf and are mainly interested in reconciling them. To their view, it is only by reconciling Syari’ah and Tasawuf that we may have a clear idea concerning the way (Shari‘ah, the order (Tariqah and the truth (Haqiqah and the relationship between them. By virtue of his concern in integrating Syari’ah and Tasawuf, al-Banjari is known both as a jurist and a Sunni Sufi. He was also responsible for transferring the knowledge of Tasawuf and Jurisprudence from their authoritative sources in the Middle East to the people of Southern Kalimantan. His intellectual and social role has brought about a significance change in the social fabric of his society. It was in his hand that the inventive practices (bid‘ah and the religious mischief found in his society were finally eliminated and brushed away. This paper will explore these aspects of al-Banjari’s Sufism.

  6. THE IMPORTANCE OF FOREST AND LANDSCAPE RESOURCE FOR COMMUNITY AROUND GUNUNG LUMUT PROTECTED FOREST, EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murniati Murniati

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The forest of Gunung  Lumut  in Pasir District,  East Kalimantan was designated  for a protection  forest in 1983. It is surrounded  by 15 villages  and one settlement  lies inside it. Communities in those villages are dependent upon the landscape and forest resources mainly for non timber forest products. This study was focused on the perception of the communities on the importance of the landscape and forests. The study was conducted in two settlements, located  in and outside  (near  the protection  forest,  namely  Rantau  Layung  Village  and Mului  Sub-Village.  Data collection  was undertaken through  general field observations, key- informant personal  interviews and focus group  discussions.  In Rantau  Layung, the most important land  type  was rice  field, whereas  in Mului  was forest.  There  were  13 and 14 use categories  of landscape  resources  in Rantau  Layung  and Mului,  respectively, such as food, medicine,  constructions and source of income.  People in Rantau  Layung  and Mului ranked  plants  to be more  important than  animals.  People  also considered  products  from wild  resources  to be more  important than  those from cultivated  and purchased  sources. Communities living  in both  settlements  considered  the future  uses of forests to be the most important as compared to those of the present and past. They  suggested that sungkai (Peronema canescens and telien (Eusideroxylon zwageri to be the most important plants while payau  (Cervus unicolor and telaus (Muntiacus muntjak to be the most important animals. People used the wildlife mainly for food and source of income. They also identified important and potential  resources for economic  development in the area, i.e. ecotourism  and hydro- power for electric  generator.

  7. INDONESIA: FROM PLURALISM TO MULTICULTURALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasino Wasino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia was not a new entity when started to become national country. It was called a continuation of the history of the Dutch East Indies. The people lived under western colonial was a pluralistic society, people separated by social class, ethnicity, religion, race and inter-group. Between the authorities and the people separated along racial lines. In addition there was the separation of ethnic groups associated with the economic, educational and social relations. After Indonesian independence the pluralistic society situation continues. The end of the New Order has opened a Pandora's Box of poor relations between ethnic and inter-religious. As a result many conflicts occurred based on religious and ethnic differences. The conflict heated up as the influx of political interests. The process of political reform gave birth to a new awareness of the relationship between ethnicity and religion. The starting point of this change was when the President Abdurrahman Wahid unlocked barriers on multicultural relationship that respects the differences of cultural orientation among the existing ethnic. From that moment the concept of multiculturalism experienced socialization process within Indonesian society. Key words: pluralism, multiculturalism, colonial, new order, socialization Ketika Indonesia lahir sebagai negara nasional, Indonesia bukanlah  entitas yang baru. Ia merupakan kelanjutan  sejarah dari masyarakat yang disebut Hindia Belanda. Masyarakat di bawah penjajah Barat ini merupakan masyarakat majemuk, masyarakat yang terpisah-pisah berdasarkan kelas sosial, suku, agama, ras, dan antar golongan. Antara penguasa dan rakyat terpisah secara garis rasial. Selain itu ada pe-misahan suku bangsa terkait dengan ekonomi, pendidikan, dan hubungan-hubungan sosial. Setelah Indonesia merdeka situasi masyarakat majemuk terus berlangsung. Berakhirnya Orde Baru telah membuka kotak pandora  buruknya hubungan antar etnik dan antar agama. Akibatnya

  8. Health consequences of forest fires in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Elizabeth; McKee, Douglas; Thomas, Duncan

    2005-02-01

    We combined data from a population-based longitudinal survey with satellite measures of aerosol levels to assess the impact of smoke from forest fires that blanketed the Indonesian islands of Kalimantan and Sumatra in late 1997 on adult health. To account for unobserved differences between haze and nonhaze areas, we compared changes in the health of individual respondents. Between 1993 and 1997, individuals who were exposed to haze experienced greater increases in difficulty with activities of daily living than did their counterparts in nonhaze areas. The results for respiratory and general health, although more complicated to interpret, suggest that haze had a negative impact on these dimensions of health.

  9. Kajian Tvc Wonderful Indonesia sebagai Cermin Citra Indonesia di Mata Dunia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Oscario

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the most important sectors supporting the economy of Indonesia. One way to develop the Indonesian tourism is strengthening the image of Indonesia in the world. To strengthen the image, Indonesia has replaced the old brand, “Visit Indonesia”, and launched a new brand, “Wonderful Indonesia”. Besides the logo, in order to campaign “Wonderful Indonesia,” some television commercials have been launched. An advertising, which creates a powerful image, not only has a great power to influence the viewers but can also be a double-edged sword. Advertising can become a mirror of reality, but it can also become a distorted mirror of reality. A similar case happens with Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, which was released early in 2012 by the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. The television commercial is considered to have distorted the image of Indonesia in the world by displaying only the culture, society, and nature of Java and Bali. Meanwhile, the other Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, “Feeling is Believing,” which was launched by Indonesia Tourism Board in 2012 considered to have become quite successful framing the beauty, and diversity of the cultures, communities, regions, and natures of Indonesia. Learning from the mistakes, and considering the importance of an image, the future Wonderful Indonesia television commercial should be dealt more carefully. The image that is proper to represent Indonesia, the visual signifier should reflect the intended signified precisely.  

  10. KAJIAN TVC WONDERFUL INDONESIA SEBAGAI CERMIN CITRA INDONESIA DI MATA DUNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Oscario

    2013-09-01

    a double-edged sword. Advertising can become a mirror of reality, but it can also become a distorted mirror of reality. A similar case happens with Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, which was released early in 2012 by the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. The television commercial is considered to have distorted the image of Indonesia in the world by displaying only the culture, society, and nature of Java and Bali. Meanwhile, the other Wonderful Indonesia television commercial, Feeling is Believing, which was launched by Indonesia Tourism Board in 2012 considered to have become quite successful framing the beauty, and diversity of the cultures, communities, regions, and natures of Indonesia. Learning from the mistakes, and considering the importance of an image, the future Wonderful Indonesia television commercial should be dealt more carefully. The image that is proper to represent Indonesia, the visual signifier should reflect the intended signified precisely.

  11. Indonesia`s turmoil and its coal industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, G. [Swabara Mining and Energy Group (Indonesia)

    1998-12-31

    Indonesia is facing extremely difficult economic conditions for the foreseeable future with the current monetary crisis stripping the preceding fifteen years of solid growth. It has fallen from recession into depression with very few positive signs of recovery before 2003. In this environment, however, the Indonesian coal industry remains with positive growth potential, both for domestic supply and export. Additional coal will be required by the Indonesian electricity industry in 1999 and 2000 - PLN, operational IPPs and captive power. The gradual withdrawal of subsidies will increase the cost of oil-fired generation and increase the attractiveness of off-taking coal-fired capacity. The domestic coal market historically has represented only 20.00% of Indonesian coal production and this will continue. The concerns of overseas consumers that exports of Indonesian coal could be limited by huge growth in domestic demand should be allayed with strong tonnage growth potential of competitive export coal becoming available from Indonesia. This will continue to service industries in Asian nations less affected by the regional economic downturn as it is considered that demand for thermal coal will continue to increase albeit at a slower rate than previously envisaged. Competition for supply will increase and prices will remain at low levels over the next year. It is appropriate to reiterate the critical importance of productivity improvements, cost control and operational efficiencies to Indonesia. The coal industry is in the fortunate position of being in a viable growth industry during a period where the country`s economy is suffering and the poverty of the people is increasing. The nation must maintain a profitable world-class coal industry to participate positively towards social and economic recovery. 4 tabs.

  12. Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Farida (Helmia)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ __Background:__ Knowledge about the etiology and management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Indonesia is lacking. __Methods:__ Hospital-based and a population-based cohort studies were carried out during 2007-2011 in Semarang, Indonesia. __Results:__

  13. Culture Project: Imaginary Travel to Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornhill, Harold, Jr.

    When U.S. citizens travel to Indonesia, it is hard for the majority of them to understand the country's culture and people. This project outlines some of the major fallacies individuals have when in Indonesia, and how they can avoid them by studying ahead of time. The project begins by requiring the individuals to plan their trip properly, know…

  14. Special Education in Indonesia (Scope and Development).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semiawan, Conny

    The paper covers characteristics of Indonesia's special education program. Considered are the scope of special education, some viewpoints on the impact of culture on the perspective of special education in Indonesia (including programs, services, teacher training, and financial resources). The scope of special education is considered; and some…

  15. I LOVE CHINA,I LOVE INDONESIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ In July 1940,JACKSON Sze Mau Leung(here-in-after called Jackson Leung)was born in an oversea Chinese family in WestJava,Indonesia.During 18 to 24 April 1955,the world famous Asian-African Conference was held in Bandung,Indonesia.

  16. Telecommunications and National Goals in Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flournoy, Don M.

    This discussion of the cultural aspects of mass media in Indonesia covers the following topics: (1) PALAPA, the Indonesian communications satellite; (2) cultural, demographic, and economic characteristics of Indonesia; (3) television policies and programming; (4) the number of government- and privately-owned radio stations; (5) a longitudinal…

  17. Special Education in Indonesia (Scope and Development).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semiawan, Conny

    The paper covers characteristics of Indonesia's special education program. Considered are the scope of special education, some viewpoints on the impact of culture on the perspective of special education in Indonesia (including programs, services, teacher training, and financial resources). The scope of special education is considered; and some…

  18. Report on Fulbright Summer Seminar on Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christenson, Charles Elroy

    This resource packet was compiled by a participant in the Fulbright Summer Seminar on Indonesia. The materials provide information for teaching about the diaspora of Hinduism and Islamic beliefs throughout the southeast Asia archipelagoes and their influence on art and culture. The handouts supplement information on Indonesia as part of an Asian…

  19. DINAMIKA PERKEMBANGAN PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Syukron

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia merupakan suatu perwujudan dari permintaan masyarakat yang membutuhkan suatu sistem perbankan alternatif yang selain menyediakan jasa perbankan/keuangan yang sehat, juga memenuhi prinsip-prinsip syariah. Tulisan ini mencoba mereview bagaimana perjalanan dan perkembangan bank syariah di Indonesia serta dibandingkan dengan beberapa Negara muslim lainnya. Secara umum, kebijakan pengembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia belum mencapai target yang ideal yang direncanakan. Berdasarkan Global Islamic Financial Report (GIFR tahun 2014, Indonesia menduduki urutan ketujuh turun tiga peringkat yang sempat menempati urutan keempat pada tahun 2011. Sebagai negara yang memiliki potensi dan kondusif dalam pengembangan industri keuangan syariah setelah Iran, Malaysia dan Saudi Arabia. Dengan melihat beberapa aspek dalam penghitungan indeks, seperti jumlah bank syariah, jumlah lembaga keuangan non-bank syariah, maupun ukuran aset keuangan syariah yang memiliki bobot terbesar, dapat dikatakan perkembangan perbankan syariah di Indonesia berjalan di tempat, bahkan belum menunjukkan perkembangan yang signifikan dari tahun-tahun sebelumnya.

  20. Shia: Its History and Development in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Hasyim

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Shiah becomes a new problem in Indonesia after hundreds years of living together. Currently, treatment to Shiah tends to violate the principles of religious freedom. Therefore, it is necessary to know, how the history of the emergence of Shiah and its development in Indonesia? This is a library research using a critical analysis approach. This study found that the Syiah is a religious ideology which refers to the views of Saidina Ali (the fourth khalifat and his descendants. This teaching emerged since the beginning of the khulafaurasidin. Shiah has developed dozens of religiousstreams due to disagreement and differences on the idea of Imamah. There are four stages of Shiah development in Indonesia, namely: Firstly, along with the arrival of Islam in Indonesia; Secondly, after the Islamic revolution in Iran; Thirdly, through Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals who studied in Iran, and Finally,  during the open era there was an establishment of as association Jamaah Ahlul Bai’t Indonesia.

  1. Perancangan Kebijakan Perawatan dan Penentuan Persediaan Spare Part di Sub Sistem Evaporasi Pabrik Urea Kaltim-3 PT Pupuk Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weny Yuliana Sari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pabrik Kaltim-3 PT Pupuk Kalimantan Timur memberikan kontribusi 17,84 % untuk produksi amoniak dan 19,13 % untuk produksi urea dari total produksi di PKT. Salah satu proses di Pabrik Urea Kaltim-3, yaitu evaporasi merupakan proses dimana larutan urea dinaikkan konsentrasinya (dikentalkan dari konsentrasi 75% menjadi 99,8%. Untuk  mencegah kegagalan fungsi, maka diperlukan aktivitas perawatan. Aktivitas perawatan yang dilakukan di PKT masih menunjukkan adanya over dan under maintenance. Oleh karena itu akan dilakukan perancangan kegiatan perawatan dengan metode Reliability Centered Maintenance II (RCM II yang menghasilkan fungsi, kegagalan fungsi, serta Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA. Berdasarkan informasi pada FMEA tersebut, kemudian dihasilkan kebijakan perawatan dan pelaksana teknis, serta data historis kerusakan yang digunakan untuk menghitung interval waktu perawatan. Selain itu juga dilakukan perhitungan persediaan spare part dengan memperhatikan lead time pemesanan komponen. Dengan menentukan kebijakan perawatan  dan persediaan spare part yang tepat, maka biaya yang dikeluarkan dapat diminimalisir.

  2. The effect of total solar eclipse on the daily activities of Nasalis larvatus (Wurmb.) in Mangrove Center, Kariangau, East Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sya Shanida, Sya; Hanik Lestari, Tiffany; Partasasmita, Ruhyat

    2016-11-01

    The total solar eclipse is an interesting phenomenon because the sun is covered by the moon. This phenomenon is like a night deception for animals, humans, and plants. One of the animals is Bekantan (Nasalis larvatus (Wurmb.)). Nasalis larvatus change its activity when this phenomenon occurs. The aims of the present study are (1) daily activity of Nasalis larvatus on total solar eclipse on March 9th, 2016 and (2) the effect of total solar eclipse on its activity in Mangrove Center, Kariangau, East Kalimantan. The adlibitum method was used in this study on Bekantan's adult female. The result shows that the total solar eclipse has considerable effect on the daily activity of Bekantan. During total solar eclipse, the activity of Bekantan significantly stopped. When the total solar eclipse finished, Bekantan started its daily activity, and it was indicated by feeding activity which was led by alfa-male.

  3. Identifikasi Lalat Buah yang Menyerang Buah Naga (Hylocereus sp. di Kecamatan Batu Ampar, Kabupaten Tanah Laut Kalimantan Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Indar Pramudi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Identification of fruit flies of dragon fruit in Tanah Laut has never been conducted. This research was aimed to identify fruit flies species of dragon fruit and its natural enemies in Batu Ampar, Tanah Laut, Kalimantan Selatan. The fruit flies attacking dragon fruit in the field was collected. Observation was performed on the development of the larvae until adult and finally emerging adult was identified as well as its parasitoid. The result showed that the obtained fruit flies was Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel and Aceratoneuro myiaindica (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae was found as the parasitoid. Five predators was found as its natural enemies, namely red ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Solenopsis, rangrang ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Oecophylla, spiders (Arachnida, kumbang stafilinid (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Paederinae and earwig (Dermaptera: Forficulidae: Forficula.

  4. Study on Spatial and Temporal Changes of Forest Cover Due to Canal Establishment in Peat Land Area, Central Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nengah Surati Jaya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas tentang dampak dari pembangunan saluran irigasi terhadap distribusi spasial hutan dun lahan terbuka di eks pengembangan lahan gambut, Kalimantan Tengah. Untuk mengetahui kondisi penutupan hutan sebelum dun sesudah pembangunan saluran, digunakan citra Landrat TM rekaman tahun 1996 (sebelum pembangunan, 1998 dun 1999 (sesudah pembangunan. Hipotesis yang digunakan adalah penurunan air tanah sebagai akibat dari pembuatan saluran telah menjadi "driving force" perusakan lahan. Indikator yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalahpersentase distribusi lateral dari penutupan hutan serta terbukanya lahan-lahan kosong basah maupun kering di sekitar kanal. Penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang sistematis antara penurunan persentase penutupan hutan dun peningkatan persentase luas lahan terbuka dengan jarak dari saluran-saluran air yang dibangun, khususnya pada areal A. B dan C dimana satuan lahannya didominasi oleh lahan gambut. Penelitian ini sekaligus menggambarkan tentang peranan CIS dalam evaluasi gejala pemicu terjadinya kerusakan lingkungan.

  5. Children’s use of Bahasa Indonesia in Jakarta kindergartens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everaert, M.B.H.; Van de Velde, H.; Kushartanti, B.

    2015-01-01

    At a very young age children living in Jakarta use both Colloquial Jakarta Indonesia and Bahasa Indonesia. The children’s first and most used language is Colloquial Jakarta Indonesia. In the formal school setting Bahasa Indonesia is frequently used and stimulated on a daily basis, and the learning p

  6. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration to support the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development in realizing the vision of Indonesia are being developed nation. The main objective of this study is the first to analyze the role of the creative industries in Indonesia for labor, value added and productivity, secondly, to analyze the performance trend of the creative industries sector, and third, to analyze the factors affecting the performance of the creative industries sector in Indonesia. Under Indonesia Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC and codes 151-372 (manufacturing industries category identified 18 industry groups belonging to the creative industries, showed that the performance of the national creative industries has been relatively high (in terms of trend analysis of the performance of the industrial creative. Furthermore, regression analysis of panel data (econometrics indicates that company size (SIZE, wages for workers (WAGE and the content of local inputs (LOCAL has a significant impact on the performance of Indonesia's creative industry. Meanwhile, the concentration ratio (CR4 no consequences but have koresi significantly positive effect on the performance of Indonesia’s creative industry.

  7. DAYA SAING KAKAO INDONESIA DI PASAR INTERNASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggita Tresliyana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Cocoa is one of the major Indonesian agricultural export products. Cocoa international market has great potential regarding world’s consumption growth, therefore Indonesia is expected to take advantage on existing opportunities. The aims of this study were to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian cocoa beans and processed cocoa trade in the international market as well as the level of competition between cocoa exporting countries. By using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA and Spearman Rank Correlation, it showed that Indonesia had a comparative advantage as an cocoa exporter on the international market, the highest for cocoa beans and the lowest for cocoa paste; Indonesia also had a significant correlation to exporting countries in cocoa beans’ market (Ghana and cocoa paste’s market (Netherlands and Malaysia, the correlation suggests that there were high correlation between Indonesia and the exporting country in competing for market share.Keywords: cocoa, comparative advantage, international trade, competitiveness, market share, RCA ABSTRAKKakao merupakan salah satu komoditas pertanian unggulan ekspor Indonesia.  Pasar kakao memiliki potensi yang besar dilihat dari peningkatan konsumsi dunia, sehingga Indonesia diharapkan dapat memanfaatkan peluang yang ada.  Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis daya saing perdagangan biji kakao dan kakao olahan Indonesia di pasar internasional serta hubungan daya saing antar negara eksportir kakao. Dengan menggunakan Reavealed Comparative Advantage (RCA, dan Korelasi Rank Spearman, hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia memiliki keunggulan komparatif sebagai eksportir biji kakao dan kakao olahan di pasar internasional, tertinggi untuk biji kakao dan terendah untuk kakao pasta;  Indonesia juga memiliki korelasi yang signifikan di beberapa negara untuk pasar biji kakao (Ghana dan kakao pasta (Belanda dan Malaysia, korelasi tersebut menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan daya saing yang cukup

  8. VALUASI EKONOMI PARIWISATA BAHARI DI PESISIR PANTAI DESA ANGSANA KECAMATAN ANGSANA KABUPATEN TANAH BUMBU PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwis Umar Gaib

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are (1 to analyze the economic valuation of marine tourism in the coastal village of Angsana, Angsana District, Tanah Bumbu Regency, South Kalimantan (2 to be a Governmental recommendation for original income and marine tourism model in the coastal village of Angsana. Implementation of the study was conducted in the village of Angsana, Angsana District, Tanah Bumbu Regency, South Kalimantan province for one month (in April 2016. Calculating the value of the economic of the benefit of marine tourism of Angsana using travel cost method with an individual approach. Calculating the cost incurred for tourism activities. The number of visitors when the study was conducted has not known yet, so this study was done by using a non-probability sampling by setting the quota of 100 respondents. From the calculation of the number of visitors from January to April 2016 is as many as 26,719 visitors. Based on the calculation of a number of costs incurred every time a visitor travels to Angsana beach is Rp 4,118,00. Having obtained the number of visitors on years of study and the costs incurred per person when visiting Angsana beach, then it is calculated the economic valuation of marine tourism of Angsana beach. Based on the results of the calculation of the amount of the Economic Valuation of Angsana beach is in the amount of Rp 110,028,842,000. Angsana beach tourism is one of the tourists that presents the beauty of reef under the sea. There is an increasing number of visitors each year while the opening of the resort. For this reason, this marine coastal tourism could be one of the recommendations for the government in terms of raising revenue (the original income. In order to be sustainable in the future, Angsana beach should have a Tourism model in order to have an appeal and can attract the attention of visitors.

  9. PENERAPAN KESEHATAN DAN KESELAMATAN KERJA DI PUSKESMAS DI TIGA PROVINSI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lusianawaty Tana

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Active pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB cases and drug resistance Myco-baterium tuberculosis strain increase the risk of health workers who contact to TB patients. Primary Health Care (PHC workers in Indonesia have the risk to be exposed to M. tuberculosis in workplace. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of occupational health and safety concerning prevention of M. tuberculosis transmission in PHC and the obstacles. It was a cross sectional study in 50 microscopic referral PHCs (PRM and PHCs with capability in microscopic examination (PPM in Banten Province, Gorontalo Province, and South Kalimantan Province. Data collection was conducted in 2012 through interview and observation to obtain data on PHC characteristic, occupational health and safety implementation, the completeness of guidelines, and facilities. Occupational health and safety implementation on pulmonary TB prevention in PHCs had not fulfilled all the WHO M. tuberculosis transmission prevention guideline yet. Training on TB prevention for the PHC workers had been conducted. Only 58 % of PHCs implemented the program and 56 % had regular health check-up and TB screening activities. Health promotion equipments and facilities for occupational health and safety were still lacking in 26 % of PHCs. Personal Protection Equipments (PPE such as gloves and disposable maskers were available in almost all PHCs (98 % and 96 %. General facilities and laboratory facilities were still lacking in 68 % and 40 % of PHCs (n=50, respectively. Conclusions : Occupational health and safety implementation in PRM/PPM need to be improved by completing the facilities of PHC, laboratory, and health promotion. Key words : Primary health care, occupational health and safety   AbstrakMunculnya kasus TB paru aktif dan kedaruratan strain TB resisten obat, meningkatkan risiko bagi pekerja yang kontak dengan penderita TB. Pekerja puskesmas di Indonesia mempunyai risiko terpajan kuman TB dari lingkungan

  10. PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KEBERADAAN SIGNAGE (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Nopemberi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space. Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana persepsi masyarakat dari publik maupun penyedia jasa reklame serta mengetahui peran pemerintah dalam pengaturan signage. Untuk menganalisis persepsi masyarakat metode yang digunakan menggunakan metode kuantitatif rasionalistik. Metode tersebut dilakukan melalui kegiatan wawancara yang mendalam (In depth interview. Hasil Analisis menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh keberadaan signage terhadap persepsi masyarkat pada koridor Jalan Tjilik Riwut. Hasil dari analisa peta mental diketahui bahwa keberadaan signage pada Jalan Tjilik Riwut ini timbul akibat persaingan antar penyedia barang dan jasa tanpa lagi memperhatikan keindahan dan keefektifan dari signage tersebut, serta tidak adanya peraturan pemerintah dalam menata jenis signage dan pemerintah Kota Palangka Raya tidak mempunyai master plan/grand design. Maka pemasangan signage belum memenuhi kriteria keindahan dan keefektifan Kota Palangka Raya sehingga mengakibatkan kekaburan informasi yang disampaikan serta signage di Jalan Tjilik Riwut.[Public Perception of the Existence of Signage (Case Study: Tjilik Riwut Road in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan] The presence of signage is inseparable from the role of the society of consumers. The placement of signage often penetrates urban public areas (public spaces. During its development, Palangkaraya has been using signage that creates a particular character on the environment. However, the installation of

  11. ADEQUACY OF STRATEGIC HEALTH HEALTH CENTER IN INDONESIA (Analysis of Implementation Permenkes 75 /2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didik Budijanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Subjected to five of the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN, the requirement for health personnel, drugs and vaccines In order to meet the needs of health workers, the health minister of Health issued Decree number 75 of 2014. The purpose of this paper is to determine the adequacy of health workers in health centers located in Indonesia. Methods: Data source of PPSDM and Media Centre of the Ministry of Health. Data up to the end of December 2013. The determination of the adequacy of strategic health workers referring health centers Permenkes No. 75 in 2014. At least four types of health personnel that must exist in health centers, namely doctors, dentists, nurses and midwives. Criteria for assessment of the adequacy of four types of health workers in health centers, namely: less, Pretty and Overload. Results: The condition of the health center there is a shortage of general practitioners in five provinces, namely West Papua (77.3%, Papua (55.9%, Southeast Sulawesi (47.5%, East Nusa Tenggara (46.7% and Nusa Tenggara Barat (41.4%. PHC is a shortage of midwives in the province among others in DKI Jakarta (86.2%, West Papua (71.6%, Papua (70.8%, Maluku (58.6% and East Kalimantan (51,4%. Conclusion:The placement of strategic health workers have not referring Permenkes number 75 in 2014. Recommendation: socialization Permenkes number 75 of 2014 must be implemented immediately, in order to plan the placement of health personnel refers to the Permenkes

  12. TRAMWAY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melia Damayanti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tramway systems, which can carry more passengers than buses at one haul, are now being proposed to meet Indonesia’s public transport requirement. The objective of this research is to analyze the management structures for operating tram in different countries and then propose a suitable organizational structure for operating trams, if re-introduced, in Indonesia. The author chose France (Montpellier tramway, Germany (Karlsruhe tram-train and the UK (Nottingham Express Transit as the role model countries for investigation. From the analysis, the most appropriate organizational structure and suitable tramway management structure for operating tramways implementation in Indonesia. The key features of the research are to establish public transport company by local government to manage all public transport systems, propose tramway construction and operation to exist as separate departments under the tramway team division of the public company, recommend the public transport company to have responsibility for overseeing construction of the trams, operating, and maintaining the trams, suggest local government to own them and have responsibility for tramway strategic policy, control regulation as well as supervision and coordination of the performance of the public transport company, propose joint working between public and private sectors.

  13. Menggagas Pendidikan Multikultur di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anin Nurhayati

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia with diversity of ethnic, culture, tradition, social group, religion, and so on, on the one hand, has aroused the dynamics of cultural diversity and positive civilization; on the other hand, it will even become the cause of conflict and disintegration, if it is not managed wisely and comprehensively. Multicultural education in Indonesia, however, should not only become an academic discourse, but it needs to be implemented in the concrete sphere, among them is in the education realm. Here, we need a conceptual frame in its implementation, so that the problem that emerges as the effect of the diversity and religiousness bias does not become a heavy burden of this nation. Multicultural education is a reform as well as the process of education which inculcate to the students the values and beliefs the importance of uniqueness recognition at every ethnic, culture, and other social groups. There are at least five scopes in multicultural education, they are (1 promotion to strengthen cultural diversity; (2 promotion to respect human right and other different people; (3 promotion to act based on his own way of life for every human being; and (5 promotion to the importance of equality and distribution of authority among different social groups.

  14. Profil Literasi Informasi Pustakawan Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Wicaksono

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Information literacy is one of the competencies of the library profession. Information literacy is needed in the work of librarianship. Reference service, the key determinant of library status in the society, requires competencies in information literacy. The purpose of this study is to find out how librarians in Indonesia meet the requirement of information literacy competencies and what factors affect the mastery of information literacy. This study is a qualitative research with literature survey. Based on the existing literature, the hypothesis was developed that librarians of Indonesia have information literacy skills if their personal development are supported by both internal and external factors. Internal factors comprise motivation (encouragement of work, efforts to achieve success, material and non-material motivation, attitudes towards the profession (job satisfaction, professional satisfaction, and organizational commitment, and other knowledge-skill-attitude (knowledge, computer literacy, digital literacy, and English language skills, educational background, and level of education. While external factors include availability of computers and Internet network, library policy to support the development of information literacy of librarians.

  15. Animasi Indonesia (Tinjauan Singkat Perkembangan Animasi Indonesia dalam Konteks Animasi Dunia)

    OpenAIRE

    Arik Kurnianto

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the development of animated films in Indonesia based on historical studies to determine simultaneously mapping the history Indonesia in the context of world/global animation history. This study also examines the relationship between the histories of Indonesiananimated films with history first entry of the film in Indonesia which began the Dutch colonial era. According to Stephen Cavalier, the world history of animation was divided into five large round ...

  16. Analisis Framing Pemberitaan Metro TV Mengenai Kasus Ambalat dan Dampaknya bagi Hub. Bilateral Indonesia dengan Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Husain

    2012-01-01

    This research discusses about what the agendas and that the effects of Metro TV's News of teritory conflict of Ambalat in context of the bilateral relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia. Metro TV also makes a moral judgement which can encourage Indonesia to save their rights and wealth from Malaysia's claims. Therefore, the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia is getting disharmony, weather in political, socio-cultural or religious relationship.

  17. Augmented Reality Edugame Senjata Tradisional Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endah Sudarmilah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Senjata tradisional merupakan sebuah produk yang berkaitan erat dengan budaya suatu masyarakat. Selain berfungsi sebagai senjata, senjata tradisional telah menjadi identitas suatu bangsa yang membantu memperkaya khasanah budaya nusantara. Pendidikan di Indonesia berpedoman pada kurikulum baru yang disebut kurikulum 2013. Salah satu materi kurikulum mengarahkan siswa untuk belajar tentang senjata tradisional bentuk senjata tradisional. Berdasarkan pada masalah yang timbul dari kurikulum 2013, peneliti menyiapkan metode pembelajaran dengan menggabungkan Augmented Reality (AR dengan permainan edukasi berbasis adventure game dalam menyajikan materi keanekaragaman budaya Indonesia, terutama untuk senjata tradisional sehingga siswa memiliki semangat dalam belajar tentang keanekaragaman budaya Indonesia khusunya senjata.

  18. Developing ‘green’ labour in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunawan, Janti; Fraser, Kym

    2013-01-01

    , green economy. In this paper the current unsustainable economic model being used in Indonesia is discussed. A comprehensive review of current laws and regulations to support green jobs and a green economy is undertaken, along with the identification of potential green jobs sectors. Finally......, the challenges facing the creation and development of green jobs are presented, including the likely direction for the green economy, green jobs and the promotion of eco-industries in Indonesia. While Indonesia has taken some steps forward to creating a greener future with the development of policy and...

  19. 78 FR 74115 - Monosodium Glutamate From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    ... Indonesia: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigations AGENCY... (PRC)); Nicholas Czajkowski at (202) 482- 1395 (the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesia)), AD/CVD... investigations of monosodium glutamate from Indonesia and the PRC.\\1\\ Currently, the preliminary...

  20. Pembuatan Wiki Legenda Indonesia dengan Menggunakan CMS Mediawiki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adityo Roosdiono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah negara yang terdiri dari berbagai suku bangsa dan budaya. Salah satu bentuk kekayaan suku bangsa di Indonesia dapat dilihat dari banyaknya legenda yang tersebar di Indonesia. Hampir setiap daerah di Indonesia memiliki cerita rakyat yang kental dengan suasana mistik, budaya dan tradisi di daerah masing-masing.Sayangnya cerita rakyat ini jarang sekali diekspos sehingga tidak jarang warga negara Indonesia tidak tahu cerita sejarah yang ada di Indonesia.  Berdasarkan pemikiran itulah, perlu diadakannya sebuah Wiki legenda Indonesia terkait mitos dan sejarah di Indonesia.Wiki legenda Indonesia menggunakan teknologi CMS MediaWiki, yang telah digunakan oleh Wikipedia sendiri. MediaWiki ini akan dipakai sebagai model awal pembuatan Wiki legenda Indonesia sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai media penyimpanan cerita rakyat. Selain sebagai media penyimpanan, Wiki legenda Indonesia juga berfungsi sebagai media diskusi para peminat cerita rakyat yang ada di Indonesia. Sehingga kedepannya, cerita legenda di Indonesia mampu diketahui oleh seluruh masyarakat Indonesia pada khususnya, dan dunia pada umumnya.

  1. Effectiveness of monetary policy transmission in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Khoirul Fuddin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the channel of monetary policy transmission mechanism of money, credit, interest rate and exchange rate in Indonesia. The effectiveness of the transmission mechanism of monetary policy in Indonesia can be described and explained by the ultimate target object in Indonesia, specifically economic growth and inflation. The analytical tool used in this study is Vector Error Correction Model (VECM which uses impulse response and variance decomposition in determining the effectiveness of monetary policy transmission mechanism. The results explain that the credit channel is considered effective in explaining economic growth and the interest rate channel is effective in explaining inflation found in Indonesia.

  2. Analisis Keunggulan Bersaing Nissan di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    lim Sanny

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Automotive sales in Indonesia picked up sharply in 2010, and increase of prices does not lower the demand for automotive products. The large population of Indonesia and the low level of car ownership in the country suggest there is a lot of potential for expansion in the automotive industry. The aim of this research is to observe Nissan’s strategy in Indonesia to gain a spot in the top 10 of the best automotive seller in Indonesia. This research uses primary data with forecasting with monthly index to forecast the demand and to detect the selling target plans in 2010. Then, with combined porter five forces to determine the competitive strategy in the last 5 years. 

  3. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    China‟s increasing integration with the world economy is met with much anticipation and much anxiety in the Southeast Asian region. In Indonesia, there is intense interest in Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI), not only among academics but also among policy makers, industrialists...... and the general public. So much more surprising is the fact that no systematic study of Chinese FDI in Indonesia has been undertaken to date. The current paper contributes to filling this gap and analyses the current composition as well as the historical evolution of Chinese FDI in Indonesia. Relying on a survey...... conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested enterprises supplemented with available official statistics and secondary data, the study finds that Chinese FDI in Indonesia is performed by mixed entities: some are owned by central government, some by regional government and some are private firms. In the case...

  4. MASALAH KESEHATAN DI INDONESIA BAGIAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Meliala, SKM, DSP

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Makalah ini akan mencoba menelaah ujud dan distribusi masalah kesehatan di beberapa propinsi di Indonesia, khususnya Irja, Maluku, Sulawesi, NTB, NTT dan Timtim. Dalam pembahasan disajikan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi situasi kesehatan di wilayah tersebut.

  5. Performance and political change in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Lindsay

    2011-01-01

    Review of: Michael H. Bodden, Resistance on the national stage: Theater and politics in late New Order Indonesia. Barbara Hatley, Javanese performances on an Indonesian stage: Contesting culture, embracing change.

  6. The Orang Suku Laut of Riau, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chou, Cynthia Gek Hua

    Land reform has been an indisputable part of Indonesian revolution. The consequent execution of development programmes for nation-building have provoked intense hostility over territorial rights. Global market forces in Indonesia have seen increasing flows of transnational investments, technology...

  7. 1992 Flores Region, Maumere, Indonesia Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — On December 12, 1992, a magnitude 7.5 Ms (USGS) earthquake at 05:29 UT occurred in the Flores, Indonesia, region producing a tsunami that reached shore in five...

  8. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    2013-01-01

    In Indonesia, no systematic study of Chinese FDI has been undertaken to date. This paper contributes to filling this research gap and analyses the current composition as well as the historical evolution of Chinese FDI in Indonesia, relying on a survey conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested...... enterprises supplemented with key informant interviews, available official statistics and secondary data. Considering the evolution of Chinese investments in Indonesia over time, investments have evolved from being individual and isolated projects to acquiring more systemic properties. Chinese companies have...... acquired a broader sectoral presence in Indonesia and Chinese invested companies in, e.g., extractive or manufacturing activities can increasingly rely on complementary Chinese investments in logistics, travel, finance, etc. Where the local development effects are concerned, a picture emerges where Chinese...

  9. Merger Bank Bermasalah di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titik Indrawati

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available The basic of problem for direction and senior manager bank is how to maximalize the value of share owner. It focus on how to make value by merger, how to get the value of bank target, and how to consider the nonfinancial influence the value by merger. The objective of the research wrap up the traveling’s merger and acquisition phenomenon in Indonesia. That objective are more focused on how merger can increase value, how to decide Bank’s value and the non financial parameter that can affact the sucsess of the merger comp. It’s concluded that Indonesian society see Bank merger as a final action to save a Bank from Bankcoruptcy. In negotiating the merger agreement, buyer and seller must consider the financial & non financial parameters.

  10. Perilaku Impor Susu di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hastuti Pratiwi

    2016-06-01

    This paper analyzes the behaviour of milk import in Indonesia during 1985-2010. Using an Error Correction Model (ECM, it finds that in the long run, factors influencing the milk import are percapita income, domestic milk real price, and imported milk price. In the short run, the import is influenced by population size of more than 5-year old residents, real domestic price milk, real price of imported milk, and exchange rates. Variables that do not influence milk imports, both in the short run and in the long run, are national milk production, milk exports, population size of less than 5-year old residents, and the gonvernment policy on the deletion of milk imports.

  11. IMPORTANT PROTOZOAN PARASITES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srisasi Gandahusada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The most important protozoan parasites in Indonesia are the malaria parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Entamoeba histolytica. After the second world war the residual insecticides and effective antimalarial drugs were used in the control of malaria. After development of resistance among mosquitoes to insecticides, the Malaria Control Programme was switched over to the Malaria Eradication Programme. Malaria incidence dropped heavily. However, due to the quick development of vector resistance and financial limitations, malaria came back and so did the Malaria Control Programme. P. falciparum and P.vivax are the most common species in Indonesia. Important vectors are An. sundaicus, An. aconitus, An. maculatus, An. hyrcanus group, An. balabacensis, An. farauti etc. An. sundaicus and An. aconitus have developed resistance to DDT and Dieldrin in Java. In 1959 the Malaria Eradication Programme was started in Java, Bali and Lampung. In 1965 the API dropped to 0,15 per thousand. From 1966 onwards malaria transmission was on the increase, because spraying activities were slowed down, but dropped again from 1974 onwards by occasional residual house spraying with DDT or Fenitrothion, malaria surveillance and treatment of malaria cases, resulting in an API of 0.18 per thousand in 1987. At present malaria is not transmitted in Jakarta and in capitals of the provinces and kabupatens, except in Irian Jaya, Nusa Tenggara Timur and one or two other provinces, but it still exists in rural areas. The distribution of chloroquine resistant P.falciparum is patchy. Resistance is at the RI, RII and RUT levels. The main problems of malaria control are : the increasing development of resistance of the vector to insecticides, the change of An.aconitus from zoophili to anthropophili and from indoor to outdoor biting, the increasing resistance of P.falciparum to chloroquine, the shortage of skilled manpower and limitation of budget. In Indonesia many newborns with congenital

  12. IMPORTANT PROTOZOAN PARASITES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srisasi Gandahusada

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The most important protozoan parasites in Indonesia are the malaria parasites, Toxoplasma gondii and Entamoeba histolytica. After the second world war the residual insecticides and effective antimalarial drugs were used in the control of malaria. After development of resistance among mosquitoes to insecticides, the Malaria Control Programme was switched over to the Malaria Eradication Programme. Malaria incidence dropped heavily. However, due to the quick development of vector resistance and financial limitations, malaria came back and so did the Malaria Control Programme. P. falciparum and P.vivax are the most common species in Indonesia. Important vectors are An. sundaicus, An. aconitus, An. maculatus, An. hyrcanus group, An. balabacensis, An. farauti etc. An. sundaicus and An. aconitus have developed resistance to DDT and Dieldrin in Java. In 1959 the Malaria Eradication Programme was started in Java, Bali and Lampung. In 1965 the API dropped to 0,15 per thousand. From 1966 onwards malaria transmission was on the increase, because spraying activities were slowed down, but dropped again from 1974 onwards by occasional residual house spraying with DDT or Fenitrothion, malaria surveillance and treatment of malaria cases, resulting in an API of 0.18 per thousand in 1987. At present malaria is not transmitted in Jakarta and in capitals of the provinces and kabupatens, except in Irian Jaya, Nusa Tenggara Timur and one or two other provinces, but it still exists in rural areas. The distribution of chloroquine resistant P.falciparum is patchy. Resistance is at the RI, RII and RUT levels. The main problems of malaria control are : the increasing development of resistance of the vector to insecticides, the change of An.aconitus from zoophili to anthropophili and from indoor to outdoor biting, the increasing resistance of P.falciparum to chloroquine, the shortage of skilled manpower and limitation of budget. In Indonesia many newborns with congenital

  13. Potensi konflik dan pembentukan modal sosial: belajar dari sebuah desa transmigran di Kalimantan Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukapti Wartiharjono

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Conflicts caused by differences in cultural backgrounds and competition over natural resources among social groups in the project areas of transmigrations in Indonesia are not uncommon occurrences. This paper seeks to explore two aspects pertaining to this issue: (1 social conflict potentials among transmigrant communities particularly those between local transmigrants and the inter island transmigrants; and (2 the formation of social capital as an instrumental power in achieving and sustaining harmonious social relationship in the area in question. The research on the two subjects was a qualitative field research. In-depth interview and observation were employed in gathering data. The research had led to the finding that the conflict potentials in the observed transmigrant area were related to land distribution among transmigrant households and access to economic resources. Nonetheless, the conflict potentials did not inhibit the formation of social capital that bound all the members of the society. The result of the observation showed that a social trust has been constructed among the transmigrant settlers based on the value of cooperation or working together formutual benefit both in the daily interactions in the settlement area and in the plantation management activities. The prevalent social trust has prevented open conflict from breaking out among different ethnic social groups and hencecreated harmonious social relations

  14. Hepatitis B virus infection in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yano, Yoshihiko; Utsumi, Takako; Lusida, Maria Inge; Hayashi, Yoshitake

    2015-01-01

    Approximately 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), 75% of whom reside in Asia. Approximately 600000 of infected patients die each year due to HBV-related diseases or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The endemicity of hepatitis surface antigen in Indonesia is intermediate to high with a geographical difference. The risk of HBV infection is high in hemodialysis (HD) patients, men having sex with men, and health care workers. Occult HBV infection has been detected in various groups such as blood donors, HD patients, and HIV-infected individuals and children. The most common HBV subgenotype in Indonesia is B3 followed by C1. Various novel subgenotypes of HBV have been identified throughout Indonesia, with the novel HBV subgenotypes C6-C16 and D6 being successfully isolated. Although a number of HBV subgenotypes have been discovered in Indonesia, genotype-related pathogenicity has not yet been elucidated in detail. Therefore, genotype-related differences in the prognosis of liver disease and their effects on treatments need to be determined. A previous study conducted in Indonesia revealed that hepatic steatosis was associated with disease progression. Pre-S2 mutations and mutations at C1638T and T1753V in HBV/B3 have been associated with advanced liver diseases including HCC. However, drug resistance to lamivudine, which is prominent in Indonesia, remains obscure. Although the number of studies on HBV in Indonesia has been increasing, adequate databases on HBV infection are limited. We herein provided an overview of the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of HBV infection in Indonesia. PMID:26478663

  15. Plagiarism In English Language Theses In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Like Raskova Octaberlina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that plagiarism in Indonesia exists due to some reasons. The reasons range from the requirements on the part of the students to adhere to uniformity in terms of thesis format to failure on the part of the government to effectively enforce a regulation dealing with plagiarism. Anecdotal observations as a student in one Indonesian university will give color to the discussion throughout this article. A recommendation to subdue plagiarism in Indonesia will conclude the article.

  16. Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Tarmidi, Lepi T.

    2013-01-01

    In Indonesia, no systematic study of Chinese FDI has been undertaken to date. This paper contributes to filling this research gap and analyses the current composition as well as the historical evolution of Chinese FDI in Indonesia, relying on a survey conducted in 2008 among Chinese invested ente...... investments, at this early period of their internationalisation, are likely to give rise to a more modest extent of positive spillovers than investors from more economically advanced countries....

  17. CHILD ABUSE, FENOMENA DAN KEBIJAKAN DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Suci Wulansari

    2012-01-01

    Research about child abuse in Indonesia done by United Nations Children's Funds (UNICEF) results a concerned condition. The same opinion is also declared by Indonesian Commission on Children Protection. The increasing number of child abuse in Indonesia is highlighted in international society. Child abuse causes many negative effects for physical, mental, and or sexual of children, that effect for the growth and development of child thus leads to rise the lost generation. Medical officers hope...

  18. Indonesia Shows:To shine in April

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Zihan

    2015-01-01

    INATEX, INDO INTER TEX and TECHNITEX 2015, scheduled to take place from 23 – 25 April 2015 at Jakarta International Expo (JIEXPO) Jakarta – Indonesia, are to meet with mills and manufacturers from Indonesia and around the world showcasing their collections. These three binding exhibitions, with theme,“The Only Trade Platform to Meet ASEAN Garment Industry”, will set as an exclusive business platform for domestic and international quality supplier of Textile and Garment Industries.

  19. Cocoa farming in Indonesia: Present Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Junaid,Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses major constraints facing most recently cocoa farming in Indonesia. Critique of National cocoa revitalization program and dealing with these issues are discussed as well. Several recommendations are expressed. The global consumption of chocolate has risen twofold over the past two decades and chocolate demand is predicted to rise a quarter in the next decade. As the third largest cocoa producer in the world, Indonesia is keen to contribute more and more in the world ch...

  20. PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA PASCA KEMERDEKAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Beti Yanuri Posha

    2015-01-01

    Islam is a religion that put the principles of truth and justice for all its adherents. Factors that encourage Muslims to achieve independence are factors Ideology, political, economic, social and cultural. In Indonesia, Islam has an important role in education. Islamic education in Indonesia is given in three sectors, namely formal, informal and non-formal. After Indonesian independence, the issue of religious education received serious attention from the government, both in public and priva...

  1. ANALISIS EKSPOR IKAN TUNA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indriana - Yudiarosa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   Facing the  free trade era, Indonesia needs to reorganize its export strategies with not mainly depending on oil and gas sector only. In relation to this, tuna as Indonesia’s export commodity has plate an important role but presently Indonesia can only contribute 7% of the world tuna supply. Being one of the country which have unused tunas potensial  up to 53,7%, Indonesia’s opportunity to supply world market is the large. This studied was aimed at analyzing; factors influencing Indonesia’s tunas export; factors  influencing domestic supply of tunas; predicting tunas export in the next 5 years (2000 –2005 and study marketing strategies that effect Indonesia’s export of tuna. To analyze factors that influenced tunas export and domestic supply of tunas, simultan equation in the form of double logarithma with two stage least square (2SLS methods were used. Meanwhile, export development were analyzed with trend analysis and tunas export strategies with SWOT analysis. Result of this study showed that, tunas export price,  tunas export  tax, exchange rate and tunas export the previous year effected tunas export.Factors that influenced domestic tuna supplies were domestic prices of tunas and domestic supplies of tunas the previous year.       Tunas export prediction from 2000 – 2005 drawn from the trend analysis; shows an increase in export by average of 1.06%. Hopefully this will be followed by increase in tunas production by an average of 1.27%. Increase in tunas export must be supported by marketing strategies.Marketing strategies that can be carried out based on the SWOT analysis are improving infrastucture, transfer of technology for fleet and catch material, improvement in the quality and quantity of the product , marketing research and upgrading cooperation with importing countries.   Keywords: tuna fish, export

  2. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia: a qualitative and quantitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Yohmi

    2015-11-01

    status had the highest prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding. The prevalence of breastfeeding without formula was still the highest up to 12 months but the role of giving formula was increasing especially in rural area. The prevalence of breast milk introduced as the first milk was around 60%. Java and Sumatra had lower prevalence of breast milk introduced as the first milk compared to Kalimantan and Sulawesi. We also found that mothers started giving solid food from an early age, especially in rural areas. With increasing age, the frequency of giving breast milk declined in both urban and rural areas. Conclusion The overall prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age in Indonesia was 49.8%. Maternal unemployment and high family socioeconomic status were associated with longer duration of breastfeeding.

  3. Review: Biodiversity conservation strategy in a native perspective; case study of shifting cultivation at the Dayaks of Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AHMAD DWI SETYAWAN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Setyawan AD. 2010. Biodiversity conservation strategy in a native perspective; case study of shifting cultivation at the Dayaks of Kalimantan. Nusantara Bioscience 2: 97-108. Native tribes generally are original conservationists; they build genuine conservation strategy of natural resources and environment for sustainable living. Dayak is a native tribe of Kalimantan that has been living for thousands of years; they use shifting cultivation to manage the communal forest lands due to Kalimantan’s poor soil of minerals and nutrients, where the presence of phosphorus becomes a limiting factor for crops cultivation. In tropical forests, phosphorus mostly stored in the trees, so to remove it, the forest burning is carried out. Nutrients released into the soil can be used for upland rice (gogo cultivation, until depleted; after that, cultivators need to open a forest, while the old land was abandoned (fallow until it becomes forest again (for 20-25 years. The consecutive land clearing causes the formation of mosaics land with different succession ages and diverse biodiversity. This process is often combined with agroforestry systems (multicultural forest gardens, where the will-be-abandoned fields are planted with a variety of useful trees that can be integrated in forest ecosystems, especially rubber and fruits. These systems of shifting cultivation are often blamed as the main factor of forest degradation and fires, but in the last 300 years, this system has little impact on forest degradation. But, this is relatively low in productivity and subsistent, so it is not suitable for the modern agriculture which demands high productivity and measurable, mass and continuous yield, as well as related to the market. The increased population and industrial development of forestry, plantation, mining, etc. make the communal forest become narrower, so the fallow periods are shortened (5-15 years and the lands are degraded into grasslands. In the future

  4. NILAI KARIES GIGI USIA 15 TAHUN DENGAN PEMERIKSA DOKTER GIGI DAN NON DOKTER GIGI DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT TAHUN 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indirawati Tjahja N

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Dental caries are usual/y caused by poor oral hygiene, resulting in the accumulation of plaque that contains a variety of bacteria. Method: This study uses diagnostic test research design. The study was conducted at the health center Kedondong, Ketapang district of West Kalimantan. Subjects numbered 30 children, consisting of men and women aged 15 years, each subject wil/ be examined by 10 dentists and 10 non-dentists. Non-dentists include nursing academy, academy of nutrition, pharmaceutical academy, academy of enviromental health and public health scholers. The research objective was to compare the results of the DMF- T (Decay Missing Fil/ing Treatment between a dentist and non-dentist. Result: The results obtained, the smal/est difference mean DMF- T with the dentist examiner was between 3.8000-3.8667, while the non-dentist examiner is 3.1333. Conclusion: The measurement of non-dentists is lower than the measurement of the dentist. Key words: dental caries, DMF- T, dentist and non-dentist, aged 15 years ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Karies gigi umumnya disebabkan, karena kebersihan mulut yang buruk, sehingga terjadi akumulasi plak yang mengandung berbagai macam bakteri. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian uji Diagnostik. Metode: Penelitian dilakukan di Puskesmas Kedondong kabupaten Ketapang Kalimantan Barat. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 30 anak, yang terdiri dari laki-laki dan perempuan yang berusia 15 tahun, Masing-masing subjek akan diperiksa oleh 10 orang dokter gigi dan 10 orang non-dokter gigi. Non-dokter gigi meliputi Akademi Keperawatan, Akademi Gizi, Akademi Farmasi, Akademi Kesehatan Lingkungan, dan Sarjana Kesahatan Masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian adalah membandingkan hasil pemeriksaan DMF- T (Decay Missing Fil/ing Treatment antara dokter gigi dengan non-dokter gigi. Hasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan, beda mean yang terkecil DMF- T dengan pemeriksa dokter gigi adalah diantara 3.8000-3.8667, sedang pemeriksa non

  5. DAYA SAING TEH INDONESIA DI PASAR INTERNASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadhilah Ramadhani

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak ___________________________________________________________________ Teh merupakan komoditas sub sektor perkebunan yang pernah mengalami kejayaan selama dua puluh tahun terakhir. Namun dari tahun ke tahun peringkat teh Indonesia di pasar internasional terus mengalami penurunan. Penurunan tersebut dari peringkat ke dua dunia menjadi peringkat ke enam dunia. Hal ini diduga karena lemahnya daya saing produk teh Indonesia di pasar internasional. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengkaji perkembangan daya saing teh Indonesia di pasar internasional serta faktor yang mempengaruhi posisi daya saing tesebut. Metode analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif untuk hasil uji Import Dependency Ratio (IDR, Self Sufficiency Ratio (SSR, dan  Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA. Selanjutnya hasil nilai Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA akan diregresi dengan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS.  Berdasarkan hasil uji Import Dependency Ratio (IDR mendapatkan nilai 0 persen hingga 16 persen yang menunjukkan Indonesia tidak mempunyai ketergantungan terhadap produk impor teh. Sedangkan nilai Self Sufficiency Ratio (SSR menunjukkan nilai 280,015 persen, artinya produksi teh Indonesia cukup untuk memenuhi kebutuhan dalam negeri dan ekspor. Dengan nilai daya saing yang cukup kuat, dilihat dari nilai Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA sebesar 6,790. Hasil uji regresi Ordinary Least Square (OLS terdahap Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA, menunjukkan kurs rill dan harga riil berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap posisi daya saing teh indonesia di pasar internasional pada α = 5%. Produksi teh Indonesia tidak berpengaruh terhadap posisi daya saing dengan α = 5%. Abstract ______________________________________________________________ Tea is plantation commodity has been experienced triumph over the last twenty years. But every years ratings Indonesia tea in international markets continues to decline. The decline Indonesia

  6. STUDI KESESUAIAN LAHAN TAMBAK DI KAWASAN BEKAS PELABUHAN BATUBARA KECAMATAN SATUI KALIMANTAN SELATAN DENGAN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS Study of Fishpond Land Suitability at Ex the Coal Port in Satui District, Tanah Bumbu Regency, South Kalimantan Province using Geographic Information System(

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Adnan Zain

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Satui district is the largest coal producing area in South Kalimantan and it has a coastal and marine areas that quite broad. Mining activity causes a lot of impact of environmental pollution, especially water pollution. Conditions of aquaculture in Satui district is currently vulnerable to damage resulting from the former coal mining and the construction of the illegal construction of the specific port. The purpose of this study is collecting the parameters  of land suitability evaluation for pond in the Satui district pond and knowing the level of suitability coastal ponds in the Satui district with GIS. The method that applied at this research are observing and analyzingthe criteria parameters of environmental quality for pond development which supported by field data to find the level of compliance. This study including some stages, they are image using, field data collection and data analysis. Water quality, soil and land suitability analysis, the paramaters study at this study are slope, the zone fisiology, soil texture and water supply. Based on GIS analysis, the area very suitable for pond around the port is 486 ha, the suitable area is 406 ha, the moderate area is 1.734 ha and unsuitable area is 1.197 ha.

  7. Assessment of atmospheric impacts of biomass open burning in Kalimantan, Borneo during 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmud, Mastura

    2013-10-01

    Biomass burning from the combustion of agricultural wastes and forest materials is one of the major sources of air pollution. The objective of the study is to investigate the major contribution of the biomass open burning events in the island of Borneo, Indonesia to the degradation of air quality in equatorial Southeast Asia. A total of 10173 active fire counts were detected by the MODIS Aqua satellite during August 2004, and consequently, elevated the PM10 concentration levels at six air quality stations in the state of Sarawak, in east Malaysia, which is located in northwestern Borneo. The PM10 concentrations measured on a daily basis were above the 50 μg m-3 criteria as stipulated by the World Health Organization Air Quality Guidelines for most of the month, and exceeded the 24-h Recommended Malaysian Air Quality Guidelines of 150 μg m-3 on three separate periods from the 13th to the 30th August 2004. The average correlation between the ground level PM10 concentrations and the satellite derived aerosol optical depth (AOD) of 0.3 at several ground level air quality stations, implied the moderate relationship between the aerosols over the depth of the entire column of atmosphere and the ground level suspended particulate matter. Multiple regression for meteorological parameters such as rainfall, windspeed, visibility, mean temperature, relative humidity at two stations in Sarawak and active fire counts that were located near the centre of fire activities were only able to explain for 61% of the total variation in the AOD. The trajectory analysis of the low level mesoscale meteorological conditions simulated by the TAPM model illustrated the influence of the sea and land breezes within the lowest part of the planetary boundary layer, embedded within the prevailing monsoonal southwesterlies, in circulating the aged and new air particles within Sarawak.

  8. MARICULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA: Prospects and Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Rimmer

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Mariculture is an important component of Indonesian fisheries and aquaculture production, directly contributing an estimated US$ 320 million in 2008. Because most mariculture production is focussed on producing for export markets, mariculture production is an important source of foreign earnings for the Indonesian economy. This paper reviews the current status and prospects for continuing development of mariculture in Indonesia. Currently the major mariculture commodity in Indonesia is seaweed for carrageenan production. Seaweed production accounts for 98% of total Indonesian mariculture production and 84% of value. The other major commodity groups are marine finfish and pearl oysters. Commodities being developed for mariculture in Indonesia include abalone and spiny lobsters. Prospects for continued development of mariculture in Indonesia appear positive. Indonesia has several advantages for mariculture development, including many potential mariculture sites, a stable tropical climate, and does not suffer from cyclonic storms. The Government of Indonesia is planning to increase aquaculture production substantially over the next four years, including mariculture production. Globally, demand for seafood products is expanding due to increasing population and increased per capita consumption of fish products. Constraints to the continued development of mariculture in Indonesia include: limited seed supply, particularly of species which cannot be economically produced in hatcheries, such as spiny lobsters; need to develop more efficient production systems for some marine finfish; the need to improve environmental sustainability by improving feeds and reducing environmental impacts; and market issues relating to environmental sustainability.

  9. Observation of ionospheric disturbances for earthquakes (M>4) occurred during June 2013 to July 2014 in Indonesia using wavelets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revathi, R.; Lakshminarayana, S.; Koteswara Rao, S.; Ramesh, K. S.; Uday Kiran, K.

    2016-05-01

    Seismo-ionospheric perturbations are extensively studied for large earthquakes occurred over various parts of the world. Specific signatures of these natural events are observed in the Total electron content (TEC) data prior to their occurrence. Analysis of these natural disasters occurring at a specific location will help in their accurate detection and prediction. In this paper the Java region of Indonesia comprising of a belt of volcanic mountains, where a considerable number of events to analyze their characteristics in the ionosphere are considered for study. This region of Indonesia has an International Global Navigation Satellite System Station at Bakosturnal, Indonesia. Vertical total electron content data on the earthquake day is analyzed for 13 events occurred during June 2013 to July 2014.

  10. The Role of Government Public Relations As Facilitators Communication in Bureau of Public Relation at South Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belinda Devi Larasati Siswanto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available As the windows of information, communication facilitator role in Government Public Relation (GPR serve as all-in-and-out of information from or to publics. For that, this research be held to find about the communication facilitator role on GPR of South Kalimantan Provincial Government. This research intends to knowing communication facilitator role to provide information to people and otherwise. This research uses qualitative approach with descriptive case study method, the data collection through observation and depth interview with informants purposively selection. The research result showing the communication facilitator role in GPR Bureau is not optimal, caused by unavailable information who can be accessed by the public or the otherwise. Government Information which should can be accessed at government official website or at the social media not be optimized by the GPR Bureau well as the Main Information Management and Documentation Officer (IMDO whose role is held by the GPR Bureau of the information that should be accessible through the website, is not available. This contrasts with some Local Work Unit function only a Subsidiary IMDO, but they were ready to provide information to the public through a website managed

  11. Cohabitation Study of the Leaf Monkey and Bornean White-Bearded Gibbons in Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YANTO SANTOSA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Diet and habitat overlaps were studied for the leaf monkey (Presbytis rubicunda and bornean white-bearded gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis in tropical forest of Cabang Panti Research Station (CPRS, Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan. Systematic data on feeding and ranging behaviour were collected from August 2009 up to February 2010 for the three groups of two sympatric primate species that shared two neighbouring patches. Our results showed that seven types of habitat in CPRS were affected to both primates, particularly in plant utilization for feed and the use of vertical space patterns. If the leaf monkeys were present in the same forest patch, the Bornean white-bearded gibbons showed a reduced within-group dispersal and significantly less foraging time in a given forest patch. This might be due to the bornean white-bearded gibbons were more selective in their diet selection. When fruits were scarce, bornean white-bearded gibbons spent most of their foraging time in many types of forest ecosystem, while leaf monkey foraged within one or two types of forest ecosystem. At this period, diet and habitat overlaps between the two species were low. When the availability of fruits increased, leaf monkeys shifted their foraging range and both species became confined to the forest habitat. Consequently, the overlaps of diets and habitats were increased while the peak was at the end of the fruit season.

  12. DEMAZHABIZATION OF ISLAM, DIVINITY ECONOMY AND NARRATIVES OF CONFLICT OF THE TABLIGHI FOLLOWERS IN SAMARINDA EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saipul Hamdi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tablighi Jamaat is one of the world’s largest and most successful transnational Islamic movements with established branches built on the business of dakwa (proselytization in approximately 180 countries. Tablighi’s strong commitment to a style of dakwa based on their reformist attitude and flexible practice of mazhab (schools of thought through a process of ‘demazhabizasi’ (demahzhabization, has attracted interest from a range of people. Tablighi guarantees the freedom for its members to embrace their choice of mazhab, and prefers its proselytizers to follow the mazhab of the communities in which they preach in order to avoid religious debates. This article aims to understand the concept of ‘demazhabisasi’ that has developed in Tablihgi and the ways in which Tablighi members work to overcome and prevent conflict due to the different understandings of each mazhab. The material sacrifices Tablighi proselytizers make together with their reliance on and submission to God for their economy, has led this research to examine the concept of a ‘divine economy’ that has developed in Tablighi communities. Yet, behind Tablighi’s apparent success, conflict has emerged internally among Tablighi members, as well as externally among locals in the communities in which Tablighi proselytizers work. This research uses an ethnographic approach to explore narratives of conflict that have emerged as a result of Tablighi proselytizing practices in Samarinda, East Kalimantan.

  13. Isolation and identification of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) from the sediment pond after a coal mine in Samarinda, East Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusumawati, Eko; Sudrajat, Putri, Junita Susilaning

    2017-02-01

    Title isolation and identification of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) of sediment pond former coal mine in Samarinda, East Kalimantan. Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) is a group of microbes that can be used to improve the quality of sediment former coal mine. In the metabolic activities, the SRB can reduce sulfate to H2S which immediately binds to metals that are widely available on mined lands and precipitated in the form of metal sulfides reductive. Isolation and identification of sulfate reducing bacteria carried out in the Laboratory of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Mulawarman, Samarinda. Postgate B is a liquid medium used for isolation through serial dilution. Physiological and biochemical characterization was done by Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Six isolates of sulfate reducing bacteria were isolated from the sediment pond former coal mine in Samarinda. Several groups of bacteria can grow at 14 days of incubation, however, another group of bacteria which takes 21 days to grow. The identification results showed that two isolates belong to the genus Desulfotomaculum sp., and each of the other isolates belong to the genus Desulfococcus sp., Desulfobacter sp., Desulfobulbus sp. and Desulfobacterium sp.

  14. Karakteristik Habitat Larva Anopheles spp. di Desa Sungai Nyamuk, Daerah Endemik Malaria di Kabupaten Nunukan, Kalimantan Utara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiarto Sugiarto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A research about Habitat Characteristics of Anopheles spp. larvae was done in Sungai Nyamuk Village, Nunukan District, North Kalimantan Province from August 2010 to January 2012. This research aims to analyse the characteristics of breeding places of Anopheles spp. The larvae taken from various types of habitat with detention and maintained until it was developed into mosquitoes, then later identified. The results showed that there are four types of potential breeding places of Anopheles spp. ie lagoon, ditches, fish ponds and marshes. Anopheles types that are found consist of five species, namely An. vagus, An. subpictus, An. sundaicus, An. indefinitus dan An. peditaeniatus. Types of potential breeding places are dominated by the unused fish pond, with the substrate in the form of mud and water is not flowing, located around settlements surrounded by grasses, shrubs and trees. Breeding places contains of aquatic plants such as grasses and moss. Predators are found in the form of a dragonfly nymph, crustaceans, tadpoles and small fish. Early malaria vector control at the level of the larvae is a critical point of the success of malaria elimination programs in endemic areas.

  15. Leaf Diseases On Eucalyptus Pellita F. Muell In Plantation Of Pt Surya Hutani Jaya At Sebulu East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iin Arsensi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Eucalyptus pellita is often grown in monoculture can be susceptible to disease whether grown in the nursery or the field. Currently in the plantation of PT Surya Hutani Jaya Sebulu is developing E. pellita derived from seed and clonal. The results were then called family. To determine the benefits to trees the company deliberately does not preserve this area so there will be generated trees family that excel in both productivity and resistance to pests and diseases. This study is aimed at determining the symptoms and signs of disease on the leaves the microorganisms that cause disease on the leaves as well as the incidence and severity of pathogen that attacks the leaves of E. pellita. The research was conducted at PT Surya Hutani Jaya Sebulu Kutai Kartanegara Regency East Kalimantan and continued with the identification of pathogens at the Laboratory of Forest Protection Faculty of Forestry University of Mulawarman. The object of this research was E. pellita of a 6 year old plantation spacing of 3 amp61620 2 m. The origin of E. pellita is a clone from Riau. Symptoms of the disease found at the progeny test were leaf spot and leaf blight. The pathogens were Cercospora sp. Pestalotia sp. Curvularia sp. Bipolaris sp. Marsonina sp. and Dactylaria sp. The incidence of leaf spot pathogen was 83.3 and leaf blight was 80.6 with the severity of 9.7 and 12.5 respectively.

  16. METAFORA DALAM BIDANG PERTANIAN PADI MASYARAKAT DAYAK BUKET KABUPATEN KUTAI BARAT KALIMANTAN TIMUR (SUATU TINJAUAN LINGUISTIK ANTROPOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishak Bagea

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Metaphor in the field of rice farming is not only an unusual form of utterances in a society but also an indication of the local wisdoms of the society using them. This can be seen in the Dayak Buket society in Linga Tivab village, Long Apari district, West Kutai, East Kalimantan, which has strong Dayak cultural background. This research aims at describing the forms and the types of metaphor based on its elements as well as describing the worldviews of Dayak Buket society as reflected through the use of metaphor that they ised in the field of rice farming. This research employs descriptive qualitative method which covers three steps, namely, data collection, data analysis, and result presentation of data analysis. The data collection is executed by recording the utterances, transcribing the utterances phonetically, classifying the according to the kinds of semantic field of metaphor in the field of rice farming, analyzing the forms of metaphor and the description of its types based on the underlying elements, and describing the local wisdoms that exist in the metaphor. This research results in both the exposition of the forms of metaphor of the Dayak Buket society such as verbs, nouns, adjectives, verbal phrases, noun phrases, adjective phrases, and their worldviews which can be recognized from the metaphors that hey use in the field of rice farming.

  17. HASIL TANGKAPAN IKAN SELUANG BATANG (RASBORA ARGYROTAENIA BLKR 1850 BERDASARKAN UMUR BULAN (MOON AGE DI SUNGAI BARITO KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwin Rosadi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan data ilmiah terkait pengaruh umur bulan (moon age terhadap hasil tangkapan ikan R. argyrotaenia di sungai Barito Kalimantan Selatan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ialah metode experimental fishing dengan melakukan operasi penangkapan pada saat bulan terang (full moon dan saat bulan gelap (dead moon dan untuk mengkonfirmasi signifikansi pengaruh perbedaan hasil tangkapan ikan di analisis dengan menggunakan analysis of variance (Anova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil tangkapan ikan pada waktu operasi bulan terang sebesar 20,2 + 0,8 Kg (68% dari total hasil tangkapan, sedangkan hasil tangkapan ikan pada waktu operasi bulan gelap sebesar 9,5 + 0,2 Kg (32% dari total hasil tangkapan. Sedangkan hasil analisis Anova menunjukkan nilai Fhitung kelompok (12,286 > Ftabel kelompok pada taraf kesalahan 5% (4,60, menunjukkan bahwa kelompok yang berbeda berpengaruh nyata terhadap jumlah hasil tangkapan ikan R. argyrotaenia atau tolak H0. Sedangkan nilai Fhitung perlakuan (1,20 F group at the level of error 5% (4.60, indicating that different groups have real impact on the amount of fish catches or reject H0. Value of F replications (1.20 < F replications at the level of error 5 % (2.48, indicating that the different treatment did not significantly affect the number of fish catches or accept H0. The conclusion of this study is the number of fish caught during fishing operations in the full moon more than fishing operations at the time in the dead moon.

  18. POTENCY OF BIOCONTROL AGENTS ISOLATED FROM COMPOST AND PEAT SOIL OF TROPICAL PEAT SWAMP FOREST IN KALAMPANGAN ZONE, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliar Yuliar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Rhizoctonia solani is a soil pathogen that causes diseases in wide range of hosts of agricultural, horticultural and flower crops. Biological control is the most promising way for the diseases management and it is environment friendly too. The objective of this study was to isolate and screen the potency of soil bacteria as biological control from various local compost and peat soil of tropical peat swamp forest in Kalampangan Zone, Central Kalimantan. Forty seven isolates from peat soil and compost were screened for biocontrol agent of Rhizoctonia solani . R. Solani Seven out of thirteen peat soil isolates, and six out of thirty three compost isolates showed antagonistic activity against in Potato Dextrose Agar. The cultivation of the antagonistic isolates in Trypticase Soy Broth (TSB was extracted and analysed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC column. The HPLC analyzes indicated that the antagonistic isolates produce an antifungal iturin A. Macroscopic observation of isolates colonies showed that form of their colonies were amuboid, myceloid, curled, circular, rhizoid, irregular and filamentous. These achievement indicate peat swamp forest not only offer a potential biocontrol agents of damping off but also provide a new source for production of antibiotics.

  19. Demokrasi, Korupsi, dan Makhluk Halus dalam Politik Indonesia Kontemporer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bubandt, Nils Ole

    Indonesian translation of "Democracy, Corruption and the Politics of Spirits in Contemporary Indonesia" (Routledge, 2014)......Indonesian translation of "Democracy, Corruption and the Politics of Spirits in Contemporary Indonesia" (Routledge, 2014)...

  20. IMPORTANT NEMATODE INFECTIONS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Oemijati

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available At least 13 species of intestinal nematodes and 4 species of blood and tissue nematodes have been reported infecting man in Indonesia. Five species of intestinal nematodes are very common and highly prevalent, especially in the rural areas and slums of the big cities. Those species are Ascaris lumbricoides, Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale, Trichuris trichiura and Oxyuris vermicularis, while Strongyloides stercoralis is disappearing. The prevalence of the soil transmitted helminths differs from place to place, depending on many factors such as the type of soil, human behaviour etc. Three species of lymph dwelling filarial worms are known to be endemic, the urban Wuchereria bancrofti is low endemic in Jakarta and a few other cities along the north coast of Java, with Culex incriminated as vector, high endemicity is found in Irian Jaya, where Anopheline mosquitoes act as vectors. Brugia malayi is widely distributed and is still highly endemic in many areas. The zoonotic type is mainly endemic in swampy areas, and has many species of Mansonia mosquitoes as vectors. B.timori so far has been found only in the south eastern part of the archipelago and has Anopheles barbirostris as vector. Human infections with animal parasites have been diagnosed properly only when adult stages were found either in autopsies or removed tissues. Cases of infections with A. caninum, A.braziliense, A.ceylanicum, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, T.axei and Oesophagostomum apiostomum have been desribed from autopsies, while infections with Gnathostoma spiningerum have been reported from removed tissues. Infections with the larval stages such as VLM, eosinophylic meningitis, occult filanasis and other could only be suspected, since the diagnosis was extremely difficult and based on the finding and identification of the parasite. Many cases of creeping eruption which might be caused by the larval stages of A.caninum and A.braziliense and Strongyloides stercoralis