WorldWideScience

Sample records for kaji yuuko kida

  1. A KINETIC DATABASE FOR ASTROCHEMISTRY (KIDA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wakelam, V.; Pavone, B.; Hébrard, E.; Hersant, F.; Herbst, E.; Loison, J.-C.; Chandrasekaran, V.; Bergeat, A.; Smith, I. W. M.; Adams, N. G.; Bacchus-Montabonel, M.-C.; Béroff, K.; Bierbaum, V. M.; Chabot, M.; Dalgarno, A.; Van Dishoeck, E. F.; Faure, A.; Geppert, W. D.; Gerlich, D.; Galli, D.

    2012-01-01

    We present a novel chemical database for gas-phase astrochemistry. Named the KInetic Database for Astrochemistry (KIDA), this database consists of gas-phase reactions with rate coefficients and uncertainties that will be vetted to the greatest extent possible. Submissions of measured and calculated rate coefficients are welcome, and will be studied by experts before inclusion into the database. Besides providing kinetic information for the interstellar medium, KIDA is planned to contain such data for planetary atmospheres and for circumstellar envelopes. Each year, a subset of the reactions in the database (kida.uva) will be provided as a network for the simulation of the chemistry of dense interstellar clouds with temperatures between 10 K and 300 K. We also provide a code, named Nahoon, to study the time-dependent gas-phase chemistry of zero-dimensional and one-dimensional interstellar sources.

  2. Knee Images Digital Analysis (KIDA): a novel method to quantify individual radiographic features of knee osteoarthritis in detail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marijnissen, A C A; Vincken, K L; Vos, P A J M; Saris, D B F; Viergever, M A; Bijlsma, J W J; Bartels, L W; Lafeber, F P J G

    2008-02-01

    Radiography is still the golden standard for imaging features of osteoarthritis (OA), such as joint space narrowing, subchondral sclerosis, and osteophyte formation. Objective assessment, however, remains difficult. The goal of the present study was to evaluate a novel digital method to analyse standard knee radiographs. Standardized radiographs of 20 healthy and 55 OA knees were taken in general practise according to the semi-flexed method by Buckland-Wright. Joint Space Width (JSW), osteophyte area, subchondral bone density, joint angle, and tibial eminence height were measured as continuous variables using newly developed Knee Images Digital Analysis (KIDA) software on a standard PC. Two observers evaluated the radiographs twice, each on two different occasions. The observers were blinded to the source of the radiographs and to their previous measurements. Statistical analysis to compare measurements within and between observers was performed according to Bland and Altman. Correlations between KIDA data and Kellgren & Lawrence (K&L) grade were calculated and data of healthy knees were compared to those of OA knees. Intra- and inter-observer variations for measurement of JSW, subchondral bone density, osteophytes, tibial eminence, and joint angle were small. Significant correlations were found between KIDA parameters and K&L grade. Furthermore, significant differences were found between healthy and OA knees. In addition to JSW measurement, objective evaluation of osteophyte formation and subchondral bone density is possible on standard radiographs. The measured differences between OA and healthy individuals suggest that KIDA allows detection of changes in time, although sensitivity to change has to be demonstrated in long-term follow-up studies.

  3. Arnold Rüütlile tuleb anda võimalus rääkida / Jarno Laur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Jarno, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Autori arvates on ebaaus nii ametisoleva presidendi Arnold Rüütli, presidenti valivate saadikute ja volinike kui ka teiste presidendikandidaatide suhtes, et praegust presidenti pole sisulistesse debattidesse üldse kaasatud. Ta soovitab lisaks Rahvaliidu 16. allkirjale anda kõigil teistel parlamendierakondadel vähemalt üks allkiri president Rüütli toetuseks, et viimane saaks võimaluse rääkida ning osaleda valimiskampaanias teistega võrdsetel alustel

  4. "Astronaudid võivad rääkida, kui raske on seistes magada, ja kinnitatult ..." : [luuletused] / Silje Vethal ; tlk. norra keelest Eha Vain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vethal, Silje

    2003-01-01

    Sisu: "Astronaudid võivad rääkida, kui raske on seistes magada, ja kinnitatult ..." = "Astronauter kan fortalle hvor vanskelig det er åsove stående, og dessuten ..."; "Filosoof võib jutustada et ta kahlas kord teatud liiki lestakalade vahel kel ..." = "Filosofen kan fortelle at han en gang vasset blant en type små flyndrer som ..."; "Suvi veedetakse magades ..." = "En sommer tilbringes sovende ..."

  5. Ketidakpastian Usia Dunia (Kilasan Kaji Konsep Ilmu Pengetahuan Bumi dan Antariksa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuberti Yuberti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a review of a book entitled diversity and cultural differences and cross religion in human history. With the current knowledge, the length of human life on our planet named Earth, can be expected, when, how it goes, and how an event can be reconstructed for the time being. When humans first started there, breeding, hunting animals in the forest, growing wheat or rice, raising cattle or goats, build villages, cities, establish a state, and gave birth to civilization, all can be described in various fields of science, including the science of history, which assisted by anthropology, biology, chemistry, physics and other sciences, to see evidence of the past in ruins, fossils, manuscripts and inscriptions pursue this statement to discuss the past. Historians assisted experts other fields of science, able to predict when an event occurred, how the story goes, begins and ends, an ancient kingdom in the past, the findings temple tradition religion of the past is gone, the currency prevailing in the society a few centuries ago , a technology developed communities that were already extinct, and also religions that have been passed and no longer followed. Tulisan ini merupakan review atas buku yang berjudul keragaman dan perbedaan budaya dan agama dalam lintas sejarah manusia. Dengan pengetahuan saat ini, lamanya manusia hidup di planet yang kita namai bumi, bisa diperkirakan, kapan, bagaimana perkembangannya, dan bagaimana sebuah kejadian bisa direkonstruksi ulang untuk saat ini. Kapan manusia pertama mulai ada, berkembang biak, berburu binatang di hutan, menanam gandum atau padi, membesarkan sapi atau kambing, membangun desa, kota, mendirikan negara, dan melahirkan peradaban, semua bisa dijelaskan dengan berbagai bidang ilmu, diantaranya adalah ilmu sejarah, yang dibantu dengan antropologi, biologi, kimia, fisika dan ilmu lain, untuk melihat bukti masa lalu berupa reruntuhan, fosil, manuskrip, dan prasasti yang menekuni pernyataan ini untuk membahas masa lalu. Ahli sejarah dibantu ahli bidang ilmu lainnya, mampu memperkirakan kapan terjadi suatu peristiwa, bagaimana jalan ceritanya, berawal dan berakhir, sebuah kerajaan kuno di masa lalu, temuan candi bertradisi agama masa lalu yang sudah hilang, mata uang yang berlaku di masyarakat beberapa abad yang lalu, teknologi yang dikembangkan masyarakat yang sudah punah, dan juga agama-agama yang telah berlalu dan tidak ada lagi pengikutnya. Kata kunci: IPBA, pengetahuan usia dunia

  6. MODEL KAJI TINDAK PROGRAM PEMBANGUNAN PARTISIPATIF PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DAN RAWAN PANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Eko Prasetyo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the article was to explain essential and urgency of the model of participative development program as an effort to maximize real potencies: economy, social, poli- tic and local culture, so that they can meet living need themselves independently and sustainability. The subjects of the study are all local poor people in Bringin rural area. Result of the research indicated that people awareness can maximize their potency that determined by the creativity and not due to the facility as government gave. The research explained that the incapable people problem was not merely due to absence of capital. However, it was due to awareness and working ethos that awakening in order to resolve the poverty problem. Therefore, in the evaluative action at least it was required four pillars, namely: job opportunity, social protection, capability improvement and people-empowering pillars. Then, evaluative action implementation of widening empowerment program based on local resource and creative economy was an essential, urgent strategy model to develop as effort of resolving poverty.

  7. KAJI EKSPERIMENTAL PENGGUNAAN LIQUID GAS FOR VEHICLE (LGV DENGAN PERTAMAX TERHADAP PERFORMA DAN EMISI GAS BUANG MOTOR BENSIN 2000 cc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad As’adi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available APBN 2015 mengisyaratkan bahwa Pemerintah akan mengurangi subsidi Bahan Bakar Minyak dari 48 juta kilo liter menjadi 46 juta kilo liter, implikasi dari hal ini jelas akan berdampak pada kebijakan penggunaan BBM dalam rangka untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sektor transportasi dan industri. Salah satu bahan bakar yang cadangannya masih cukup banyak dan pemanfaatannya masih terbatas pada kebutuhan rumah tangga serta usaha sector kuliner adalah Liquid Petrolium Gas (LPG. LPG mempunyai produk turunan dengan merk dagang Elpiji dan Liquid Gas for Vehicle (LGV atau sering disebut dengan Vigas. LGV mempunyai RON 98 setara dengan bahan bakar Pertamax dan mudah disimpan dalam tangki portabel karena tekanan nya relative rendah yaitu 8-15 bar, sedangakan tekanan bahan bakar Compressed Natural Gas (CNG yang sering disebut dengan Bahan Bakar Gas (BBG sekitar 200 bar. Perkembangan penggunaan LGV di masyarakat cenderung lambat hal ini disebabkan oleh keterbatasan infrastruktur yang ada dan pemahaman masyarakat tentang penggunaan LGV untuk sektor transportasi masih kurang. Tujuan dan target penelitian ini adalah didapatkannya konstanta performa dari motor bensin yang berbahan bakar LGV dan Pertamax, sehingga dapat memberikan pengetahuan kepada masyarakat bahwa LGV bisa digunakan sebagai bahan bakar pada sector transportasi dan lebih ekonomis. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode eksprimen dengan mesin uji motor bensin 2000 cc yang berbahan bakar LGV dan Pertamax. Pengujian dilakukan dengan uji static diatas Dyno Test. Luaran data yang dihasilkan berupa performa mesin yang meliputi torsi, daya, konsumsi bahan bakar, selain uji static juga dilakukan uji emisi gas buang. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa enggunaan Liquid Gas For Vehicle (LGV dengan merk dagang Vigas mampu menaikkan Daya mesin maksimum sebesar 20,86% dan daya rata-rata sebesar 14,1%, torsi maksimum yang dihasilkan oleh Motor berbahan bakar Vigas lebih kecil dari motor yang berbahan bakar pertamax, penurunannya sebesar 0.94% Penggunaan Vigas pada motor mampu menaikkan jarak tepuh sebesar 6,9% bila dibanding dengan motor berbahan bakar pertama Air Fuel Ratio (AFR untuk kedua bahan bakar masih dibawah standar, sehingga terjadi pemborosan bahan bakar, khusunya pada putaran rendah. Penggunaan Vigas pada kendaraan bermotor mampu meurunkan emisi gas buang khususnya CO2.

  8. Enesetapp - rääkida või vaikida? / Gerda Kordemets, Mart Laisk ja Merike Sisask ; intervjueerinud Tiina Jõgeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kordemets, Gerda, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    Kas noorte enesetappudest rääkimine toob matkijaid või on teemast rääkimine vajalik? Suitsiiditeemaga kokku puutunud Mart Laisk, Eesti Televisiooni uue sarja "Klass: elu pärast" üks režissööre Gerda Kordemets ja suitsidoloog Merike Sisask arutlevad

  9. Kaji Eksperimental dan Simulasi Ansys 14.5 Perlakuan Serat Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Serta Pembuatan Komposit Busa Polimer pada Proses Hot Press Menggunakan Alat Uji Tarik

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Enda Prananta

    2016-01-01

    Along the innovations of the field of materials, natural fibers are used as reinforcement materials composite which are the fibers greatly affect and determine the strength of the composite. This experimental study reported the empty fruit bunches of oil palm fiber’s treatment process and manufacture of polymeric foam composite spesimens in the process of hot press machine followed by a tensile test. The issues, that characteristic of composites reinforced fibers has a light weight and relati...

  10. Internetiturvalisuse eest võitleva organisatsiooni juhi hinnangul tuleks küberrünnakutest rohkem rääkida / Larry Clinton ; intervjueerinud Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Clinton, Larry

    2009-01-01

    Võrguturvalisusega tegeleva Internet Security Alliance'í juht räägib, kuidas on võimalik muuta Internetti praegusest märkimisväärselt turvalisemaks ning avaldab arvamust, kas sõjaväed peaksid moodustama ka küberründe üksusi

  11. Poola välisminister püüab raketikilbi üle veel läbi rääkida / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2008-01-01

    Poola välisminister Radoslaw Sikorski sõitis USA-sse läbirääkimistele seoses USA sooviga paigaldada Poolas püüdurrakette ning Poola sooviga saada vastutasuks sõjalist abi. Tšehhi valmistub USA välisministri Condoleezza Rice'i saabumiseks. Lisa: Medvedev: Leedu variant lubamatu

  12. Internal Bleeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Fractures (Part II) Additional Content Medical News Internal Bleeding By Amy H. Kaji, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, ... Emergency First Aid Priorities Cardiac Arrest Choking Internal Bleeding Severed or Constricted Limbs or Digits Soft-Tissue ...

  13. Spinal injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Dallas, TX: American Red Cross; 2016. Kaji AH, Newton EJ, Hockberger RS. Spinal injuries. In: Marx JA, ... member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www. ...

  14. Spinal cord trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 32. Kaji AH, Newton EJ, Hockberger RS. Spinal injuries. In: Marx JA, ... member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www. ...

  15. Super Bitches and Action Babes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    An analysis of the female hero in popular film genres such as actionfilms, war films, wip-films, rape-revenge dramas, science fiction from 1970-2006. Mostly American films but with chapters on Michelle Yeoh and Meiko Kaji.......An analysis of the female hero in popular film genres such as actionfilms, war films, wip-films, rape-revenge dramas, science fiction from 1970-2006. Mostly American films but with chapters on Michelle Yeoh and Meiko Kaji....

  16. Teadmistepõhine ühiskond, teadmistepõhine riigivalitsemine / Mati Heidmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidmets, Mati

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul saab teadmistepõhisest valitsemisest rääkida siis, kui teadmusjuhtimine ja õppiva organisatsiooni põhimõtete järgimine on saanud tavaliseks praktikaks nii riigi- kui ka avaliku ning kolmanda sektori organisatsioonides

  17. Polish PM visits Lithuanian amidst anti-Lithuanian hysteria in Poland / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Poola peaminister Donald Tusk saabus Palangasse, et kohtuda Leedu peaministri Andrius Kubiliusega ja rääkida temaga Leedu hariduspoliitikast. Samuti pidas ta Vilniuses asuvas Püha Helena kirikus Leedus elavatele poolakatele kõne

  18. Liberalismi transformatsioon Eestis / Tõnis Saarts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saarts, Tõnis

    2007-01-01

    Liberalism ja neoliberalism Eestis. Autori meelest tuleks lõpetada jutt Reformierakonnast kui klassikalisest neoliberaalsest erakonnast, pigem võiks sellest edaspidi rääkida kui (rahvuslike) neokonservatiivide parteist

  19. McCain visits Vilnius to discuss Belarus / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    USA senaatorite ja Esindajatekoja delegatsiooni Leedu visiidi käigus kohtus John McCain Leedus õppivate Valgevene üliõpilaste ja president Dalia Grybauskaitega, et rääkida Valgevenes toimuvast. Leedus toimunutest Valgevene temaatilistest konverentsidest

  20. Vabaühendused on olemas ja aktiivsed / Barbara Lehtna ; kommenteerivad Martin Mölder, Urmo Kübar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtna, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    Kodanikeühenduste võimalusest poliitikas kaasa rääkida. Eesti Üliõpilaskondade Liidu valimisplatvormi 2011 kommenteerib TÜ politoloog Martin Mölder ja soovitusi platvormi koostamiseks annab EMSLi juhataja Urmo Kübar

  1. Tule väest sündinud kunst / Eeva Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Eeva, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Kohila rahvusvaheliste keraamikasümpoosionide ülevaatenäitus Tallinnas Rüütelkonna hoones 14. augustini 2010. Näitusega tähistatakse keraamikasümpoosioni 10. aastapäeva. Kujundaja Urmas Luure. Lühidalt Arina Alincai (Rumeenia), Marju Vaheri, Dainis Pundursi (Läti), David Stuempfle'i (USA), Māris Grosbahsi (Läti), David Jones'i (Suurbritannia), Sergei Isupovi (USA), Nanako Kaji (Jaapan) töödest

  2. Kahekõne jaapani kunstiga / Anni Kagovere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagovere, Anni

    2011-01-01

    Jaapani kunstnike Jun Konishi, Shunichiro Nakashima ja Michihiro Sato ehtekunsti näitus "2011: mere ääres - metsa taga" Tallinnas A-Galeriis 12. sept.-ni, koostajad Adolfas Šaulys ja Mari Relo-Šaulys. Jaapani keraamiku Nanako Kaji näitus "Aja joon" Tallinnas galeriis Hop 20. sept.-ni. Näitus on Kumus 16. ja 17. septembril toimuvate Jaapani päevade osa

  3. Ühiskondlik lepe keskendugu peaeesmärgile / Märt Rask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rask, Märt, 1950-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti arengu iseärasustest ja ühiskondliku leppe tähendusest kogu ühiskonnale. Kuni ühiskondliku leppe protsessis ei osale valijatelt mandaadi saanud erakonnad, saab ühiskondlikust leppest rääkida üksnes kui algatusest, mitte aga kui ühiskonna põhisuundumusi määravast foorumist

  4. Kodanike ja kodanikeühenduste kaasamine poliitika kujundamisse Eestis / Reesi Lepa, Eveli Illing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepa, Reesi

    2005-01-01

    Poliitikauuringute Keskuse Praxis poolt korraldatud uuringu tulemustest selgus, et kui riik piirdub ainult kindlate huvirühmade kaasamisega, võib Eestis rääkida korporatiivsest kaasamisest, vastupidi enamikule Euroopa riikidele, kus suund on avatumale ja laiaulatuslikumale kaasamisele. Skeem. Tabelid

  5. CSR-i kommunikatsioon: komm või pomm? / Mari Valgepea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgepea, Mari

    2015-01-01

    Kuidas rääkida ettevõtte vastutustundlikkusest (CSR) nii, et seda ei tembeldataks PR-trikiks. Kahe vastutustunsliku ettevõtte, AS-i Tallinna Vesi ja Viru Keemia Grupi võimaluste ja libastumisohtude kohta jagavad selgitusi ettevõtete kommunikatsioonijuhid Mariliis Topp ja Irina Bojenko

  6. Nord i South Stream : tvjordõi shag v napravlenii JevRossii / Virkko Lepassalu, Konstantin Morenko, Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Autorid analüüsivad Venemaa ja Euroopa vahelise gaasijuhtmega seonduvaid poliitilisi, majanduslikke ja ökoloogilisi probleeme, nende mõju Eestile. Nad jõuavad järeldusele, et kui tegu on suure poliitikaga, pole põhjust rääkida selle räpasusest või puhtusest

  7. Räägime siis rahust... Aga kellega? / Sten A. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Sten A., 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Palestiinlaste välisminister Mahmoud al-Zahar unistab maailmakaardist, kus pole Iisraeli riiki. Et Iisraelil pole partnerit, kellega läbi rääkida, plaanib Iisraeli peaministri kohusetäitja Ehud Olmert piirid ühepoolselt paika panna. Lisa: Iisrael vahistas Hamasi ministri

  8. Gunnar Okk jääb vähemalt aastaks Eesti Energia etteotsa / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Energia nõukogu otsustas, et Eesti Energia juhi kohale korraldatakse konkurss aasta pärast ning nõukogu esimees Urmas Sõõrumaa sai volituse juhatuse liikmetega läbi rääkida ja nende lepinguid aasta võrra pikendada. Lisa: Gunnar Oki töö

  9. Sõjaga kümnendasse aastasse: Afganistan otsib juba tõsiselt rahu / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Afganistani presidendi poolt peetavaid rahuläbirääkimisi. Kui seni on Afganistani president Hamid Karzai otsinud võimalusi rääkida Talibani varjanud hõimupealikega, siis nüüd peetakse kõnelusi Talibani kõige raevukama rühmituse, nn. Haqqani võrgustikuga

  10. Konverents laste ja noorte turvalisusest Internetis / Kerli Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Kerli

    2008-01-01

    Teisel rahvusvahelisel konverentsil Interneti turvalisuse teemadel rõhutati: tähtis on rääkida Interneti headest külgedest ja harida avalikkust ka võimalikest ohtudest ja viisidest, kuidas neid ära hoida

  11. Mart Susi müüb Concordia ülikooli hüvanguks Kolu mõisa / Sigrid Laev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laev, Sigrid

    2003-01-01

    Concordia ülikooli rektor Mart Susi pani müüki endale kuuluva Kolu mõisa, et sellest saadava rahaga katta ülikooli vajadusi. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikool on Concordia ostmisest huvitatud. Concordia ülikooli tudengid on teinud üleskutse ühinemiseks, et kooli tuleviku suhtes kaasa rääkida

  12. Medieval and Post-medieval archaeology of the native rural population / Heiki Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Heiki, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Kohaliku elnikkonna elu keskajal ja keskajajärgsel perioodil uuriva arheoloogia arengust Eestis. Uuringud selles valdkonnas suurenesid märgatavalt alates 1970ndate aastate lõpust. Kohaliku elanikkonna asustusest säilinud leiumaterjal erineb oluliselt baltisaksa "euroopalikest" keskustest leitust. Arheoloogilise leiumaterjali põhjal on alust rääkida selgest etno-sotsiaalsest eristumisest

  13. Confidence building on the Korean Peninsula: A conceptual development for the cooperative monitoring of limited-force deployment zones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vannoni, M.; Duggan, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Cooperative Monitoring Center; Nam, M.K.; Moon, K.K.; Kim, M.J. [Korea Inst. for Defense Analyses, Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Arms Control Research Center

    1997-04-01

    Confidence building measures (CBMs), particularly military ones, that address the security needs of North and South Korea could decrease the risk of conflict on the Korean Peninsula and help create an environment in which to negotiate a peace regime. The Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA) and the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) of Sandia National Laboratories collaborated to identify potential CBMs and define associated monitoring. The project is a conceptual analysis of political and technical options for confidence building that might be feasible in Korea at some future time. KIDA first analyzed current security conditions and options for CBMs. Their conclusions are presented as a hypothetical agreement to strengthen the Armistice Agreement by establishing Limited Force Deployment Zones along the Military Demarcation Line. The goal of the hypothetical agreement is to increase mutual security and build confidence. The CMC then used KIDA`s scenario to develop a strategy for cooperative monitoring the agreement. Cooperative monitoring is the collecting, analyzing and sharing of agreed information among parties to an agreement and typically relies on the use of commercially available technology. A cooperative monitoring regime must be consistent with the agreement`s terms; the geographic, logistic, military, and political factors in the Korean setting; and the capabilities of monitoring technologies. This report describes the security situation on the Korean peninsula, relevant precedents from other regions, the hypothetical agreement for reducing military tensions, a monitoring strategy for the hypothetical Korean agreement, examples of implementation, and a description of applicable monitoring technologies and procedures.

  14. 'ja hotela skazat eti pustõje slova, govorit, kak oskolki...'; 'oni tantsevali, oni smejalis, u nih bõli bussõ na sheje...'; 'vse mastera, vse kuznetsõ kontshajut rabotu pri utrennem...'; 'u hipohondrika bolit golova, u nego klaustrofobija...' /

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidekivi, Kirsti

    1997-01-01

    Orig.: "tahtsin öelda neid tühiseid sõnu, rääkida, kuidas luutükid nahka..."; "nad tantsisid ja naersid, ja helmed olid kaelas..."; "kõik meistrid ja sepistajad lõpetavad töö hommiku- või mõnes muus..."; "hüpohondrikul valutab pea, sest tal on klaustrofoobia..."

  15. Rumbula : a war crimes case revives memories of a notorious killing field / Michael Tarm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarm, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Nõukogude ajal tingis juutide kannatustest vaikimise Kremli võimude antisemitistlik hoiak. Iseseisvunud lätlased eelistavad rääkida lätlaste küüditamisest. Seetõttu on erakordsed massimõrvad nagu Rumbula metsas Riia lähedal jäänud siiani tähelepanuta

  16. Püha viha / Maris Johannes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannes, Maris, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Eestlasele kõige tüüpilisemast emotsioonist - viha.Võimalusest minevikuga leppida on sellest rääkida, selles kontekstis kahest lavastusest - Tom Stoppardi "Rock'n' roll" Endla teatris ja Wojciech Tomczyki "Nürnberg" VAT Teatris

  17. Päästeplaani ohustavale Kreekale anti hoiatus / Jürgen Tamme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamme, Jürgen

    2011-01-01

    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy ja Saksamaa kantsler Angela Merkel otsustasid kohtuda juba enne algavat G20 tippkohtumist, et rääkida Kreeka peaministri Georgios Papandreou ootamatust otsusest panna Kreekale mõeldud uus Euroopa Liidu abipakett rahvahääletusele. Pärast nõupidamist kohtuti ka Georgios Papandreouga

  18. Millal riigid finantskriisidest välja kasvavad? / Carmen M. Reinhart, Rong Qian, Kenneth Rogoff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinhart, Carmen M.

    2010-01-01

    Artiklis kirjutatakse pangandus-, välisvõla- ja inflatsioonikriiside esinemissagedusest ja kestvusest ning jõutakse järeldusele, et arenenud riikide panganduskriisidest väljakasvamisest pole praegu mingit põhjust rääkida. Skeem

  19. Kallis surm, odav vanadus / Nicholas Timmins

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Timmins, Nicholas

    2004-01-01

    Vananemisest tingitud kulude puhul tuleks lisaks pensionisüsteemi maksumusele rääkida veel tervishoiu ja vanurite hoolekandega seotud kulutustest. Vanurite osakaalu kasv toob kaasa tervishoiukulude tõusu, mis ei ole katastroofiliselt suur. Diagrammid: Keskmine vanus; Sündivus; Vananemine

  20. Herbert Johansoni eeskujulikud koolimajad / Mait Väljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljas, Mait

    2010-01-01

    Eesti arhitektuurimuuseumis eksponeeritava Herbert Johansoni (1884–1964) ja Eugen Habermanni (1884–1944) juubelinäituse taustal on kohane rääkida koolimajadest. Johansoni kontol on suur osa Tallinna sõdadevahelistest koolimajadest, kaks lasteaeda ja üks kutsekool

  1. Aidsiraport tekitab kahtlusi / Karin Volmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volmer, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Kuigi ÜRO raporti kohaselt on aidsi levik taanduma hakanud, pelgavad eksperdid, et muunduv haigus lööb näilise stabiliseerumise peagi segamini. Eesti aidsi tugikeskuse juhataja Jüri Kalikovi sõnul Eestis alust stabiliseerumisest rääkida ei ole. Lisa: Petlikud numbrid

  2. Merkel tuleb Gruusiast rääkima / Vootele Päi, Liisi Poll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päi, Vootele

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 26. aug. 2008, lk. 9. lüh. Saksamaa liidukantsler Angela Merkel saabub Tallinna, et kohtuda peaminister Andrus Ansipi ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega ning rääkida Gruusia küsimustest ja energiapoliitikast. Lisa: Angela Merkeli visiit

  3. Majade igavik = Perpetuity of buildings / Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õnnepalu, Tõnu, 1962-

    2012-01-01

    Majade juures ei ole igavene mitte maja ise, vaid tema asukoht ja otstarve. Stiil, kui rääkida majadest, on autori sõnul koha ja otstarbe ajatuse tunnetamine. Kõik, mis langeb stiilist välja, langeb või lükatakse varem või hiljem kokku

  4. Lammutada? Unustada? Uinutada? Rekonstrueerida? = Demolish? Forget? Hibernate? Reconstruct? / Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaikla, Tüüne-Kristin, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    13. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalist "Ühisosa / Common ground" (kuraator David Chipperfield), mis annab võimaluse Eestil kaasa rääkida tänast arhitektuurimaailma puudutavatel olulistel teemadel. Eesti ekspositsioonist, mis käsitleb väärika modernismipärandi hääbumist Tallinna Linnahalli näitel

  5. Pengaruh Terpaan Informasi Kesehatan di Televisi terhadap Sikap Hidup Sehat Keluarga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadan Mulyana

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Masalah yang kaji dalam penelitian ini muncul dari fenomena bahwa pada dewasa ini informasi kesehatan sering ditayangkan melalui televisi, baik televisi milik pemerintah maupun swasta. Penayangan informasi yang berkaitan dengan materi kesehatan disampaikan baiksecara tidak langsung terselip dalam isi berita, sinetron, dan dialog, ataupun secara langsung berupa iklan dan bahkan ada yang dikemas secara khusus dalam sebuah acara tv. Informasi kesehatan yang disiarkan melalui televisi akan menerpa penontonnya dan diduga akan berpengaruh terhadap sikap sehat keluarga pada penontonnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penayangan informasi kesehatan melalui televisi berpengaruh terhadap sikap Ibu-ibu rumah tangga mengenai hidup sehat dalam keluarga.

  6. Serological evidence of egg drop syndrome’1976 (EDS’76) in free-range chickens at chicken market sites in Jos, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    SALIHU, A. Elayo; JOANNIS, T. Mamuela; ONWULIRI, F. Chukwuemeka; IBU, J. Okpabi

    2010-01-01

    Serological evidence of EDS'76 virus in free-range chickens at the various chicken markets (Kasuwan kaji, New market, Gada biyu, and Kugiya) located in Jos and its environs was investigated through antibody detection. The serum samples randomly collected from chickens were assayed for antibodies against EDS'76 virus by haemagglutination-inhibition (HI) test. It was observed that 292 (15.2%) of the 1920 sera tested were positive for EDS'76 antibodies with HI titres r...

  7. Serbia lubab jätta iseseisvuse valinud Montenegro karistamata / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas viibinud Serbia ja Montenegro ühisriigi välisministri Vuk Drashkovici hinnangul võis Serbia sanktsioonidest Montenegro vastu rääkida mõni poliitik või ajakirjanik ekspresident Slobodan Milosevitshi leerist, mitte aga Serbia valitsus. Drashkovic rõhutas, et Montenegro eraldumist ei tohi võrrelda Kosovo küsimusega, kuna Kosovo on Serbia provints ja pole kunagi olnud Jugoslaavia täieõiguslik vabariik

  8. Norman Davies : kogu ajaloolise tõe kirjapanek pole paratamatult võimalik / Norman Davies ; interv. Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davies, Norman, 1939-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Läänes Ida-Euroopa ajalugu tutvustanud Briti ajaloolasega. Vt. samas: Bahovski, Erkki. Puhas ajalugu? Tartu Ülikooli aulas 8. oktoobril 2008 "Presidendi Kärajate" raames toimunud president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ja Oxfordi ülikooli ajalooprofessori Norman Daviese avalikust kahekõnest. Vestlust juhatas Eesti suursaadik Suurbritannias Margus Laidre. Autori sõnul tahtis Eesti president rääkida tänapäeva poliitikast, N. Davies aga ajaloost

  9. Kui kaua kestis Liivi sõda? / Aleksandr Filjuškin ; tõlkinud Jüri Ojamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filjuškin, Aleksandr, 1970-

    2015-01-01

    Liivi sõja erinevatest kronoloogilistest raamidest. Sagedased konfliktid piirialadel olid 16. sajandil tavalised. Nimetust Liivi sõda kasutas esimesena Tilmann Bredebach. Liivi sõjast Baltikumis on kirjutatud neli kroonikat: Johann Renneri kroonika, Balthasar Russowi kroonika, Solomon Henningi kroonika ja Franz Nyensstedti kroonika. Liivi sõja etappidest. Artikli autor eelistaks väljakujunenud kronoloogiliste raamide asemel rääkida Balti sõdadest aastatel 1555-1595

  10. Eesti ja USA juhtide kohtumiste peateema on NATO ja demokraatia / Vahur Koorits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koorits, Vahur, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi visiidi ajal toimuvatel USA ja Eesti riigijuhtide kohtumistel räägitakse NATO ja demokraatia tulevikust, samuti tulevad kõne alla missioonid Afganistanis ja Iraagis ning eestlaste viisavabadus USA-sse reisimisel. Lisa: Millest kavatsevad riigijuhid kohtumistel rääkida: Ansip, Ilves, Bush. Vt. samas: Bushi visiidi ajal vilksatab Eesti üheks õhtuks ameeriklaste teleekraanidel

  11. Väheväärtusliku vallasasja süstemaatiline vargus KarS § 199 lõike 2 punkti 9 tähenduses. Tartu Ringkonnakohtu kriminaalkolleegiumi määrus kriminaalasjas 1-11-11324 (Riigikohtu kriminaalkolleegiumi otsuses asjas 3-1-1-87-07 väljendatud seisu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randma, Paavo, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    Riigikohus leidis lahendis 3-1-1-87-07, et süstemaatilisuse jaatamiseks on vaja isiku poolt vähemalt kolme varguse toimepanemist. Ringkonnakohus asus lahendis 1-11-11324 seisukohale, et varguste toimepanemisest kui inimese elustiilist saab väheväärtuslike vallasasjade varastamise korral rääkida vaid juhul, kui need pannakse toime teatud kindla ajavahemiku vältel

  12. Postsotsialistlik Eesti filmikunst kui rahvusülene kino / Ewa Mazierska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mazierska, Ewa

    2011-01-01

    Käsitletakse Nõukogude Liidu lagunemise järel valminud Eesti filme, võrreldes neid mujal ja teisel ajal loodud linateostega. Võrdluse tulemusena selgub, et Eesti film on pidevas dialoogis Euroopa ja maailma kinoga, ent suudab rääkida ka oma häälega, et ta on nii rahvuslik kui ka rahvusülene nähtus, suutes ka ise midagi teistele pakkuda

  13. Erinevalt paljudest läheb Bermanil hästi / Fjodor Berman ; interv. Sulev Vedler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berman, Fjodor, 1951-

    2008-01-01

    BLRT juht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad firma tänavust seisu, uute strateegiliste suundade ja turgude otsimist, probleeme keevitajate hankimisega, välistööjõudu, suurimat võitu tema karjääris. Firma juht leiab, et peame olema pragmaatilisemad, tuleb vähem rääkida poliitikast ning rohkem ärist ja majandusest. Tabel

  14. Memory Bias in the Use of Accounting Information: An Examination of Affective Responses and Retrieval of Information in Accounting Decision Making

    OpenAIRE

    McBride, Freda D. H.

    1998-01-01

    This dissertation is based on the Kida-Smith (1995) model of "The encoding and retrievability of numerical data." It is concerned with the variable conditions under which a positive affective response (i.e., a decision or opinion that results in a positive valence) on previously viewed accounting information may and may not influence current decision-making. An affective response to accounting numbers may adversely influence decisions made based on those numbers....

  15. Archaeological investigations in the inner courtyard of the puppet theatre 'Nuku' / Eero Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Eero

    2014-01-01

    Leidude põhjal võib rääkida puithoonestusest 13. sajandist, mis 14. sajandi lõpus asendati kivihoonestusega. Aktiivsem elutegevus on antud alale iseloomulik alates 14. sajandi keskpaigast. Keskaegse hoone kohale rajati 17. sajandi alguses uus kivihoone. 19. sajandi alguses krundil asunud kivihooned lammutati ja nende asemele rajati uued kivihooned. Leidudest moodustavad enamiku importkeraamika katkendid. Muust leiuainesest võib esile tõsta puitleide

  16. STUDY OF BORER PEST CONTROL POTATO TUBER IN WAREHOUSES SEEDLINGS (With fungus Beauveria bassiana and Leaf of Tagetes erecta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loso Winarto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Study of borer pest control potato tuber (Phthorimaea operculella Zell in warehouses seedlings with the fungus Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo and leaf Tagetes erecta was conducted in Kutagadung village, district of Brand, Karo District, starting in October until December 2010. The draft that is in use is completely randomized (CRD comprised of seven treatments with three replications. Treatment at Kaji is: Control (no treatment, the density of conidia 106 per ml, 105 per ml, 104 per ml, leaf thickness Tegetes two cm, three cm, and four cm. Observations were P. operculella and intensity of attacks healthy seedlings. In the final analysis, the intensity of attacks in 100 percent control treatment, the density of conidia.

  17. Kadriorgu külla tööjuttu ajama / Peeter Tulviste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulviste, Peeter, 1945-2017

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Sakala 11. sept., lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja 11. sept., lk. 7; Valgamaalane 11. sept., lk. 2; Meie Maa 11. sept., lk. 2; Põhjarannik 11. sept., lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje 11. sept., lk. 2; Koit 11. sept., lk. 6; Lääne Elu 11. sept., lk. 4, Vooremaa 11. sept., lk. 2; Järva Teataja 13. sept., lk. 2; Hiiu Leht 14. sept., lk. 2; Lääne-Harju Ekspress 15. sept., lk. 2; Nädaline 15. sept., lk. 2. Tulviste pole kohanud eriti palju omavalitsusjuhte, kes viimase viie aasta jooksul oleksid saanud presidendiga oma kodukandi muredest rääkida

  18. Efficiency of coherent vortices to trap dust particles in the solar nebula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chavanis Pierre-Henri

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We develop the idea proposed by Barge & Sommeria (1995 that large-scale vortices present in the solar nebula can concentrate dust particles and facilitate the formation of planetesimals and planets. We introduce an exact vortex solution of the incompressible 2D Euler equation (Kida vortex and study the motion of dust particles in that vortex. In particular, we derive an analytical expression of the capture time as a function of the friction coefficient and determine the parameters leading to an optimal capture.

  19. Eesti vajab selgust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Lääne Elu, Sakala, Järva Teataja, Pärnu Postimees, Virumaa Teataja, Eesti Ekspress, Võrumaa Teataja, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 19. jaan. lk. 2;2;2;15;7;A15;2;2;2;6 ja Hiiu Leht 20. jaan. lk. 2. 13. Eesti ajalehe peatoimetaja pöördumine. Toimetajad leiavad, et rahvale tuleb anda võimalus kaasa rääkida riigipea valimistele eelnevas avalikus debatis ning nad kutsuvad üles president Arnold Rüütlit teatama oma otsusest presidendivalimistel kandideerimise kohta

  20. Eesti vajab selgust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ajalehtede peatoimetajate pöördumine. Toimetajad leiavad, et rahvale tuleb anda võimalus kaasa rääkida riigipea valimistele eelnevas avalikus debatis ning nad kutsuvad üles president Arnold Rüütlit teatama oma otsusest presidendivalimistel kandideerimise kohta. Ilmunud ka Võrumaa Teataja, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 7 ; Sakala, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2 ; Lääne Elu, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2 ; Järva Teataja, 2006/Jan/19 ; Hiiu Leht, 2006/Jan/20 ; Pärnu Postimees, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 15 ; Põhjarannik, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2

  1. Europe's security reinforced by Europe-U.S. cooperation / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2011-01-01

    20. jaanuaril Washingtonis toimunud välisminister Urmas Paeti ja Ameerika Ühendriikide Kongressi Esindajatekoja väliskomisjoni esimehe Ileana Ros-Lehtineni kohtumisel leiti, et Euroopa julgeoleku kindlustamisel on vajalik Euroopa ja USA igakülgne koostöö. Välisminister kutsus Ileana Ros-Lehtineni ja kongressi esindajaid Eestisse tähistama taasiseseisvumise 20. aastapäeva. Urmas Paet kohtus ka välisminister Hillary Clintoniga, et rääkida Afganistaniga seonduvast, Valgevenes toimuvast ja Eesti-USA vahelisest koostööst

  2. STUDI KOMPARATIF KONSEP KETUHANAN ISLAM DAN AGAMA ADAM PADA KOMUNITAS SAMIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Rosyid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: One of the problems that disturb the harmony between religious communities is a lack of understanding of the majority (mainstream religion about the local religion, and vice versa. This article aims to develop such inter-religious understanding by comparing between Islam and the religion of Adam, a local religion of Samin community. The comparative study was made within the scope of the concept of God in both religions. This study found that the understanding between Islam the religion of Adam about the concept of God is essential in common. God called Allah (in Islam and Yai (in the religion of Adam are equally perceived as condescendent, an only single power, and the Almighty. Both communities also share Adam as the first man in the world. So, it is not proportional if the public ridicule Samin community with atheist stigma.Abstrak: Salah satu problem yang mengganggu keharmonisan antar komunitas beragama adalah kurangnya pemahaman pemeluk agama mayoritas (mainstream di suatu negara tentang agama lokal, dan demikian pula sebaliknya. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk membangun kesalingpahaman antar pemeluk agama itu dengan melakukan kaji banding antara agama Islam dengan agama Adam, sebuah agama lokal komunitas Samin. Kaji banding itu dilakukan dalam lingkup konsep ketuhanan dalam dua agama itu. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa pemahaman antara Islam dengan agama Adam tentang konsep Tuhan memiliki kesamaan secara esensial. Tuhan yang disebut dengan Allah (dalam Islam dan Yai (dalam agama Adam sama-sama dipersepsikan sebagai tempat berlindung, kekuatan tunggal, dan Zat Yang Maha segala-galanya. Kedua komunitas juga sama dalam memandang Adam sebagai manusia yang pertama di dunia. Dengan adanya pemahaman itu maka tidak proporsional lagi jika publik mengolok-olok komunitas Samin dengan stigma ateis.

  3. Enhancing the Productivity of High Value Crops and Income Generation with Small-Scale Irrigation Technologies in Kenya. Final Report 2009-2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2014-02-01

    The project was implemented by the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute in collaboration with key irrigation stakeholders including Horticultural Crops Development Authority (HCDA), G North and Son limited, Kenya Irrigation and Drainage Association (KIDA), Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Greenbelt Movement and Ministry of Agriculture. The objective was to develop and pilot test appropriate irrigation systems (methods and related water/nutrient management practices) for small-scale farmers for increasing yield, quality of high value crops and farmers income to improved livelihood. The project built on earlier work on low head drip irrigation in Kenya involving KARI led promotion among the peri-urban and rural communities. The Equipment used include Neutron Probe Hydroprobe, Ammonium Sulphate Fertilizers (5% a.e), drip irrigation kits, MoneyMaker irrigation pumps, Pessl imetos weather station, SDEC tensimetre and tensiometers), Venturi injectors, among others.

  4. Case report: accessory head of the deep forearm flexors

    Science.gov (United States)

    JONES, M.; ABRAHAMS, P. H.; SAÑUDO, J. R.

    1997-01-01

    In 1813 Gantzer described 2 accessory muscles in the human forearm which bear his name (Wood, 1868; Macalister, 1875) and these have subsequently been reported with variable attachments (Wood, 1868; Macalister, 1875; Turner, 1879; Schäfer & Thane, 1894; Le Double, 1897; Dykes & Anson, 1944; Mangini, 1960; Malhotra et al. 1982; Kida, 1988; Tountas & Bergman, 1993). The accessory heads of the deep flexors of the forearm (Gantzer's muscles) have been described as 2 different small bellies which insert either into FPL or FDP. There are no previous reports which have mentioned the existence of an accessory muscle which inserts into both of the 2 deep flexors of the forearm as in the case presented here. PMID:9306208

  5. Mutation of neutralizing/antibody-dependent enhancing epitope on spike protein and 7b gene of feline infectious peritonitis virus: influences of viral replication in monocytes/macrophages and virulence in cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano, Tomomi; Tomiyama, Yoshika; Katoh, Yasuichiroh; Nakamura, Michiyo; Satoh, Ryoichi; Hohdatsu, Tsutomu

    2011-03-01

    We previously prepared neutralizing monoclonal antibody (MAb)-resistant (mar) mutant viruses using a laboratory strain feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) 79-1146 (Kida et al., 1999). Mar mutant viruses are mutated several amino acids of the neutralizing epitope of Spike protein, compared with the parent strain, FIPV 79-1146. We clarified that MAb used to prepare mar mutant viruses also lost its activity to enhance homologous mar mutant viruses, strongly suggesting that neutralizing and antibody-dependent enhancing epitopes are present in the same region in the strain FIPV 79-1146. We also discovered that amino acid mutation in the neutralizing epitope reduced viral replication in monocytes/macrophages. We also demonstrated that the mutation or deletion of two nucleotides in 7b gene abrogate the virulence of strain FIPV 79-1146. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Eesti vajab selgust / Tiina Kaalep, Urmas Lauri, Tiit Reinberg...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke (2006/Jan/19) lk. 4 ; Lääne Elu (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Sakala (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Järva Teataja (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Pärnu Postimees (2006/Jan/19) lk. 15 ; Virumaa Teataja (2006/Jan/19) lk. 7 ; Eesti Ekspress (2006/Jan/19) lk. A15 ; Võrumaa Teataja (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Severnoje Poberezhje (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Koit (2006/Jan/19) lk. 6 ; Hiiu Leht (2006/Jan/20) lk. 2. 13 Eesti ajalehe peatoimetaja pöördumine. Toimetajad leiavad, et rahvale tuleb anda võimalus kaasa rääkida riigipea valimistele eelnevas avalikus debatis ning nad kutsuvad üles president Arnold Rüütlit teatama oma otsusest presidendivalimistel kandideerimise kohta

  7. Performance Dashboard pada Rumah Sakit Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irfan Ismail Sungkar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dashboard  sebagai  sarana  visualisasi  sederhana  tentang  indikator,  indikator  inilah  yang  diukur  kedalam  sebuah  satuan  yang  di visualisasikan dalam bentuk gambar dan angka. Dalam pembangunan aplikasi  performance  dashboard pada RSUI Harapan Anda Tegal akan  di  kaji  berdasarkan  KPI  (Key  Performance  Indicator  menurut  pengukuran  kinerja  Balanced  Scorecard  yang  dikembangkan menjadi beberapa perspektif diantaranya Perspektif Keuangan, Perspektif Pelanggan, Perspekif Mutu Proses, Perspektif Lingkungan dan Perspekif Pengembangan SDM. Dengan adanya  performance dashboard  yang dtujukan kepada  strategic level  maka dapat  membantu dalam  pengambilan  keputusan  dengan  ditampilkan  indikator-indikator  tersebut  dalam  warna  merah,  kuning,  hijau.  Dengan  indikator tersebut maka level strategic dapat mengambil keputusan yang berkaitan dengan inisiatif strategi.Kata kunci : Dashboad; KPI; Business Intelegent; Balanced Scorecard

  8. Kajian Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology Dalam Penggunaan Open Source Software Database Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Sonny

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan perangkat lunak computer dewasa ini terjadi sedemikian pesatnya, perkembangan tidak hanya terjadi pada perangkat lunak yang memiliki lisensi tertentu, perangkat open source pun demikian. Perkembangan itu tentu saja sangat menggembirakan bagi pengguna computer khususnya di kalangan pendidikan maupun di kalangan mahasiswa, karena pengguna mempunyai beberapa pilihan untuk menggunakan aplikasi. Perangkat lunak open source juga menawarkan produk yang umumnya gratis, diberikan kode programnya, kebebasan untuk modifikasi dan mengembangkan. Meneliti aplikasi berbasis open source tentu saja sangat beragam seperti aplikasi untuk pemrograman (PHP, Gambas, Database Management System (MySql, SQLite, browsing (Mozilla, Firefox, Opera. Pada penelitian ini di kaji penerimaan aplikasi DBMS (Database Management System seperti MySql dan SQLite dengan menggunakan sebuah model yang dikembangkan oleh Venkantes(2003 yaitu UTAUT (Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology. Faktor – faktor tertentu juga mempengaruhi dalam melakukan kegiatan pembelajaran aplikasi open source ini, salah satu faktor atau yang disebut dengan moderating yang bisa mempengaruhi efektifitas dan efisiensi. Dengan demikian akan mendapatkan hasil yang bisa membuat kelancaran dalam pembelajaran aplikasi berbasis open source ini.   Kata kunci— open source, Database Management System (DBMS, Modereting

  9. ENERAPAN E-COMMERCE BERBASIS CMS DAN SEO UNTUK TOKO ON-LINE UMKM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Andreas Sutanto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. IbM ini bertujuan membuat pruduk software framework aplikasi e-commerce untuk toko on-line UMKM khususnya handicraft, kuliner, batik dan pakaian dengan berbasis sistem manajemen isi (Content Management System/CMS dan optimisasi mesin pencari (Search Engine Optimization/SEO. Produk tersebut nantinya dipergunakan oleh mitra yang merupakan calon wirausaha baru di bidang teknologi informasi (TI. Untuk dapat menerapkan produk tersebut pada usahanya, dan mampu membuat sendiri, mengoperasikan, mengembangkan, dan memelihara maka perlu dilakukan pelatihan dan pendampingan tentang framework aplikasi, manajemen usaha, dan kewirausahaan. Metode yang digunakan dalam IbM ini adalah kaji tindak partisipatif. Pelaksanannya yaitu dengan melakukan identifikasi dan analisis situasi tentang permasalahan yang dihadapi mitra, selanjutnya memberikan solusi berupa pelatihan, pendampingan, dan pembuatan teknologi Software framework E-commerce berbasis CMS dan SEO yang melibatkan mitra serta dilakukan monitoring dan evaluasi agar mitra menjadi terarah, terampil dan profesioanal di bidang tersebut. Target IbM ini adalah terbentuknya wirausaha baru bidang TI khususnya E-commerce bagi UMKM yang terlatih, terapil, dan profesional dalam menjalankan usahanya. Sehinga Luaran dari IbM ini adalah berupa Produk Software Framework E-commerce bagi UMKM berbasis CMS dan SEO, jasa pelatihan Desain web E-commerce, jasa pelatihan manajemen usaha, dan jasa pelatihan kewirausahaan.Kata Kunci : Framework, E-commerce, CMS, SEO, wirausaha, UMKM

  10. [¹⁸F]fluorothymidine-positron emission tomography in patients with locally advanced breast cancer under bevacizumab treatment: usefulness of different quantitative methods of tumor proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marti-Climent, J M; Dominguez-Prado, I; Garcia-Velloso, M J; Boni, V; Peñuelas, I; Toledo, I; Richter, J A

    2014-01-01

    To investigate quantitative methods of tumor proliferation using 3'-[(18)F]fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine ([(18)F]FLT) PET in patients with breast cancer (BC), studied before and after one bevacizumab administration, and to correlate the [(18)F]FLT-PET uptake with the Ki67 index. Thirty patients with newly diagnosed, untreated BC underwent a [(18)F]FLT-PET before and 14 days after bevacizumab treatment. A dynamic scan centered over the tumor began simultaneously with the injection of [(18)F]FLT (385 ± 56 MBq). Image derived input functions were obtained using regions of interest drawn on the left ventricle (LV) and descending aorta (DA). Metabolite corrected blood curves were used as input functions to obtain the kinetic Ki constant using the Patlak graphical analysis (time interval 10-60 min after injection). Maximum SUV values were derived for the intervals 40-60 min (SUV40) and 50-60 min (SUV50). PET parameters were correlated with the Ki67 index obtained staining tumor biopsies. [(18)F]FLT uptake parameters decreased significantly (p<0.001) after treatment: SUV50=3.09 ± 1.21 vs 2.22 ± 0.96; SUV40=3.00 ± 1.18 vs 2.14 ± 0.95, Ki_LV(10-3)=52[22-116] vs 38[13-80] and Ki_DA(10-3)=49[15-129] vs 33[11-98]. Consistency interclass correlation coefficients within SUV and within Ki were high. Changes of SUV50 and Ki_DA between baseline PET and after one bevacizumab dose PET correlated with changes in Ki67 index (r-Pearson=0.35 and 0.26, p=0.06 and 0.16, respectively). [(18)F]FLT-PET is useful to demonstrate proliferative changes after a dose of bevacizumab in patients with BC. Quantification of tumor proliferation by means of SUV and Ki has shown similar results, but SUV50 obtained better results. A correlation between [(18)F]FLT changes and Ki67 index was observed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and SEMNIM. All rights reserved.

  11. Randomized Phase II trial of paclitaxel plus valproic acid vs paclitaxel alone as second-line therapy for patients with advanced gastric cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fushida S

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Sachio Fushida,1 Masahide Kaji,2 Katsunobu Oyama,1 Yasuo Hirono,3 Hideaki Nezuka,4 Toshiya Takeda,5 Tomoya Tsukada,1 Daisuke Fujimoto,3 Shigekazu Ohyama,6 Takashi Fujimura,7 Tetsuo Ohta1 On behalf of the Digestive Disease Support Organization (DDSO 1Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kanazawa University Hospital, Kanazawa, 2Department of Surgery, Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital, Toyama, 3First Department of Surgery, Fukui University Hospital, Fukui, 4Department of Surgery, Yatsuo General Hospital, Toyama, 5Department of Surgery, Ishikawa Matto Central Hospital, Hakusan, 6Department of Surgery, Kanazawa Medical Center, Kanazawa, 7Toyama City Hospital, Toyama, Japan Abstract: The standard regimen of second-line chemotherapy for patients with unresectable gastric cancer has not been established. However, weekly paclitaxel (wPTX has become the preferable second-line chemotherapy in Japan. Histone deacetylase (HDAC inhibitors have been shown to have antiproliferative activity through cell-cycle arrest, differentiation, and apoptosis in gastric cancer cells. One HDAC inhibitor, valproic acid (VPA, also inhibits tumor growth by inducing apoptosis, and enhances the efficacy of paclitaxel in a mouse xenograft model of gastric cancer. wPTX plus VPA as a second-line chemotherapy is expected to improve survival in gastric cancer patients. A multicenter randomized Phase II study was conducted to compare the effects of wPTX plus VPA and wPTX alone. A total of 66 patients participated in this study. The primary end point of the study was overall survival, and secondary end points were progression-free survival, response rate, and assessment of peripheral neuropathy. Keywords: valproic acid, paclitaxel, second-line therapy, advanced gastric cancer 

  12. A theoretical study on the interstellar synthesis of H{sub 2}NCS{sup +} and HNCSH{sup +} cations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gronowski, Marcin; Kołos, Robert, E-mail: marcingronowski@gmail.com, E-mail: rkolos@ichf.edu.pl [Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 44/52 Kasprzaka, 01-224 Warsaw (Poland)

    2014-09-10

    HNCS and NCSH molecules, recently discovered in the interstellar medium, are likely formed via the dissociative recombination of H{sub 2}NCS{sup +} or HNCSH{sup +} isomeric ions. Interstellar synthesis of the latter is discussed on theoretical grounds. The analysis of relevant potential energy surfaces suggests a key role for chemical processes in which CSH{sup +} or HCS{sup +} cations (most likely formed in CS+H{sub 3}{sup +} collisions) react with NH{sub 2} or NH{sub 3}. The astrochemical kinetic database (kida.uva.2011), appended with 7 sulfur-bearing molecules and 48 corresponding reactions, has been applied to model the evolution of HNCS, NCSH, and their cationic precursors in a quiescent molecular cloud. Based on the model and on spectroscopic predictions, for an object like TMC-1, we expect the total intensity of H{sub 2}NCS{sup +} microwave lines to be comparable to that observed for HSCN. Theoretically derived molecular parameters, of interest for radio spectroscopy, are given for the most stable cations sharing the H{sub 2}NCS{sup +} stoichiometry.

  13. REACTIONS FORMING Cn=2,10(0,+), Cn=2,4H(0,+), AND C3H2(0,+) IN THE GAS PHASE: SEMIEMPIRICAL BRANCHING RATIOS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chabot, M.; Jallat, A.; Béroff, K.; Gratier, P.; Wakelam, V.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to provide a new set of branching ratios (BRs) for interstellar and planetary chemical networks based on a semiempirical model. We applied, instead of zero-order theory (i.e., only the most exoergic decaying channel is considered), a statistical microcanonical model based on the construction of breakdown curves and using experimental high velocity collision BRs for their parameterization. We applied the model to ion-molecule, neutral-neutral, and ion-pair reactions implemented in the few popular databases for astrochemistry, such as KIDA, OSU, and UMIST. We studied the reactions of carbon and hydrocarbon species with electrons, He + , H + , CH + , CH, C, and C + leading to intermediate complexes of the type C n=2,10 , C n=2,4 H, C 3 H 2 , C n=2,10 + , C n=2,4 H + , or C 3 H 2 + . Comparison of predictions with measurements supports the validity of the model. Huge deviations with respect to database values are often obtained. Effects of the new BRs in time-dependent chemistry for dark clouds and for photodissociation region chemistry with conditions similar to those found in the Horsehead Nebula are discussed.

  14. Reaction rate constant for radiative association of CF{sup +}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Öström, Jonatan, E-mail: jonatan.ostrom@gmail.com; Gustafsson, Magnus, E-mail: magnus.gustafsson@ltu.se [Applied Physics, Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå (Sweden); Bezrukov, Dmitry S. [Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation); Nyman, Gunnar [Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, 41296 Gothenburg (Sweden)

    2016-01-28

    Reaction rate constants and cross sections are computed for the radiative association of carbon cations (C{sup +}) and fluorine atoms (F) in their ground states. We consider reactions through the electronic transition 1{sup 1}Π → X{sup 1}Σ{sup +} and rovibrational transitions on the X{sup 1}Σ{sup +} and a{sup 3}Π potentials. Semiclassical and classical methods are used for the direct contribution and Breit–Wigner theory for the resonance contribution. Quantum mechanical perturbation theory is used for comparison. A modified formulation of the classical method applicable to permanent dipoles of unequally charged reactants is implemented. The total rate constant is fitted to the Arrhenius–Kooij formula in five temperature intervals with a relative difference of <3%. The fit parameters will be added to the online database KIDA. For a temperature of 10–250 K, the rate constant is about 10{sup −21} cm{sup 3} s{sup −1}, rising toward 10{sup −16} cm{sup 3} s{sup −1} for a temperature of 30 000 K.

  15. Incidence and morphology of accessory heads of flexor pollicis longus and flexor digitorum profundus (Gantzer's muscles)

    Science.gov (United States)

    JONES, M.; ABRAHAMS, P. H.; SAÑUDO, J. R.; CAMPILLO, M.

    1997-01-01

    In 1813 Gantzer described 2 accessory muscles in the human forearm which bear his name (Wood, 1868; Macalister, 1875; Testut, 1884; Le Double, 1897). The more frequent of the 2 accessory muscles or ‘accessorius ad pollicem’ was found to arise from the coronoid process of the ulna, coursing distally to attach into the flexor pollicis longus muscle (flexor pollicis longus accessory head, FPLah). The less frequently observed or ‘accessorius ad flexorem profundum digitorum’ was again found to arise from the coronoid process and course to join into the flexor digitorum profundus (flexor digitorum profundus accessory head, FDPah). Since their initial description, they have been examined in further detail by a number of authors (Wood, 1868; Macalister, 1875; Le Double, 1897; Dykes & Anson, 1944; Mangini, 1960; Malhotra et al. 1982; Dellon & McKinnon, 1987; Kida, 1988). These studies, most of them focusing on the FPLah, all show different results of prevalence, origin, insertion, relations and nerve supply. We undertook this study with the aim of providing a more accurate account of the detailed morphology of both accessory muscles because of the above-mentioned inconsistent anatomical descriptions and the lack of information as to important aspects such as vascular supply, morphology (shape and length) and the coexistence of both accessory heads. PMID:9419002

  16. Entropic multirelaxation lattice Boltzmann models for turbulent flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bösch, Fabian; Chikatamarla, Shyam S.; Karlin, Ilya V.

    2015-10-01

    We present three-dimensional realizations of a class of lattice Boltzmann models introduced recently by the authors [I. V. Karlin, F. Bösch, and S. S. Chikatamarla, Phys. Rev. E 90, 031302(R) (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevE.90.031302] and review the role of the entropic stabilizer. Both coarse- and fine-grid simulations are addressed for the Kida vortex flow benchmark. We show that the outstanding numerical stability and performance is independent of a particular choice of the moment representation for high-Reynolds-number flows. We report accurate results for low-order moments for homogeneous isotropic decaying turbulence and second-order grid convergence for most assessed statistical quantities. It is demonstrated that all the three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann realizations considered herein converge to the familiar lattice Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook model when the resolution is increased. Moreover, thanks to the dynamic nature of the entropic stabilizer, the present model features less compressibility effects and maintains correct energy and enstrophy dissipation. The explicit and efficient nature of the present lattice Boltzmann method renders it a promising candidate for both engineering and scientific purposes for highly turbulent flows.

  17. A STUDY ON HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM: RECENT ADVANCEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atika Arshad

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: A proliferating interest has been observed over the past years in the development of an accurate system for monitoring continuous human activities in the health care sectors, especially for the elderly. This paper conducts a survey of the various techniques and methods that are proposed to monitor the movements and activities of the elderly people. These techniques promise a useful and dependable detection system to give support and lessen the medical expenses of health care for the elderly. The detection approaches are divided into five main categories: wearable device based, wireless based, ambience device based, vision based and floor sensor / electric field sensors based. These techniques have focused on the pros and cons of the existing methods for recognizing the prospective scope of research in the domain of health monitoring systems. Apart from highlighting and analyzing the features of the existing techniques, perspectives on probable future studies have been detailed. ABSTRAK: Dewasa ini, pembangunan sistem yang tepat untuk memantau aktiviti berterusan terutamanya dalam sektor kesihatan warga tua mula mendapat tempat. Kaji selidik telah dijalankan dengan pelbagai teknik dan kaedah untuk meninjau pergerakan dan aktiviti golongan warga tua. Kaedah-kaedah ini memberikan sistem pengesanan yang berguna dan dipercayai untuk memberikan sokongan serta mengurangkan kos perubatan kesihatan bagi golongan tua. Pendekatan pengesanan dibahagikan kepada lima kategori utama; alatan yang dapat dipakai, alatan tanpa wayar, alatan berdasarkan persekitaran, alatan berasaskan penglihatan dan alatan berdasarkan pengesan pada lantai / medan elektrik.  Teknik-teknik ini memfokuskan kepada pro dan kontra kaedah yang sedia ada untuk mengenalpasti skop prospektif penyelidikan dalam domain sistem pengawasan kesihatan.  Selain daripada mengetengah dan menganalisa ciri-ciri teknik yang sedia ada, perspektif kajian akan datang juga diperincikan

  18. Coupled 2-dimensional cascade theory for noise and unsteady aerodynamics of blade row interaction in turbofans. Volume 1: Theory development and parametric studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Donald B.

    1994-01-01

    Typical analytical models for interaction between rotor and stator in a turbofan analyze the effect of wakes from the rotor impinging on the stator, producing unsteady loading, and thereby generating noise. Reflection/transmission characteristics of the rotor are sometimes added in a separate calculation. In those models, there is a one-to-one relationship between wake harmonics and noise harmonics; that is, the BPF (blade passing frequency) wake harmonic causes only the BPF noise harmonic, etc. This report presents a more complete model in which flow tangency boundary conditions are satisfied on two cascades in relative motion for several harmonics simultaneously. By an extension of S.N. Smith's code for two dimensional flat plate cascades, the noise generation/frequency scattering/blade row reflection problem is solved in a single matrix inversion. It is found that the BPF harmonic excitation of the stator scatters considerable energy in the higher BPF harmonics due to relative motion between the blade rows. Furthermore, when swirl between the rotor and stator is modeled, a 'mode trapping' effect occurs which explains observations on fans operating at rotational speeds below BFP cuton: the BPF mode amplifies between blade rows by multiple reflections but cannot escape to the inlet and exit ducts. However, energy scattered into higher harmonics does propagate and dominates the spectrum at two and three times BPF. This report presents the complete derivation of the theory, comparison with a previous (more limited) coupled rotor/stator interaction theory due to Kaji and Okazaki, exploration of the mode trapping phenomenon, and parametric studies showing the effects of vane/blade ratio and rotor/stator interaction. For generality, the analysis applies to stages where the rotor is either upstream or downstream of the stator and to counter rotation stages. The theory has been coded in a FORTRAN program called CUP2D, documented in Volume 2 of this report. It is

  19. "Uni katab meid ühele palju kahele vähe..." : [luuletused] / Jaan Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Jaan, 1941-

    2001-01-01

    Tekst eesti ja inglise k. J. Kaplinski lühibiograafia eesti ja inglise k. lk. 93. Sisu: "Uni katab meid ühele palju kahele vähe..." = "Sleep covers us too much for one, too little for two..." ; "Olematus ulatub kõikjale ja olemasolu on täis rahu..." = "Non-being pervades everything and being is full of peace..." ; "See mis meid äratas..." = "What woke us..." ; "Seesama meri meis kõigis..." = "The same sea in us all..." ; Dana paramita ; "Ida ja Lääne vaheline piir rändab ikka, vahel itta, vahel läände..." = "The East-West border is always wandering..." ; "Pesu ei saa kunagi pestud..." = "The washing never gets home..." ; "Neli ja pool tonni sileesia sütt..." = "Four-and-a-half tons of Silesian coal..." ; "Ei teagi, kas ma tohin rääkida roheline..." = "I don't even know if I have the right to say "green"..." ; "Maailmu on nii palju kui liivateri mere ääres..." = "There are as many worlds as grains of sand on a beach..." ; "Viimane pilv läheb üle taeva läänest itta..." = "A last cloud goes over the sky from West to East..." ; "Taevas on pilves. Soe tuul tuleb hõlma alla..." = "The sky is overcast. The warm wind is creeping under your shirt..." ; "Mu tädi tundis neid hästi, mina ei tea..." = "My aunt knew them well, I know of them..." ; "Hommikul tutvustati mind president Mitterrandile..." = "In the morning, I was presented to President Mitterrand..." ; "Meri ei taha lainetada. Tuul ei taha puhuda..." = "The sea doesn't want to wave...".Poems written in English: "Om svabhavasuddhah sarva dharmah. No selfhood..." ; "My little boy..." ; "After many bitterly cold days..." ; "You can forget nature..." ; I walk facing East..." ; "A skier going south..."

  20. 2008. aasta tõlkeilukirjandus / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aastal Eestis ilmunud tõlkeilukirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Margaret Atwood "Ebakõlad", William Faulkner "Absalom! Absalom!", Cormac McCarthy "Tee", Halldór Laxness "Islandi kell", T. H. White "Kunagine ja tulevane kuningas", Guillermo Martínez "Märkamatud mõrvad", Charlotte Weitze "Pimeduse pärusmaa", Daniel Kehlmann "Maailma mõõtmine", Milorad Pavić "Tuule sisemine pool, ehk, Romaan Herost ja Leandrosest", Michel Houellebecq "Elementaarosakesed", Marguerite Duras "Põhja-Hiina armuke", Haruki Murakami "Kafka mererannas", Anne Birkefeldt Radge "Berliini paplid", "Erakvähid" ja "Rohelised aasad", Linn Ullmann "Õnnistatud laps", Lars Saabye Christensen "Modell", Jon Fosse "See on Ales", Peter Høeg "Vaikne tüdruk", Leena Krohn "Matemaatilised olendid", Käbi Laretei "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?", E. M. Forster "Teekond Indiasse", Rudyard Kipling "Lispeth", Asha Miró ja Anna Soler-Pont "Sandlipuu jäljed", Khaled Hosseini "Lohejooksja", Billy Collins "Allegooria surm", Wisława Szymborska "Oma aja lapsed", Zbigniew Herbert "Valitud luuletused", Carlos Vitale "Kohaühtsus", Jüri Talvet (koostaja) "Ameerika luule antoloogia", Marjane Satrapi "Persepolis", Hergé "Sinine lootos" ja "Vaarao sigar", Sinikka Nopola "Risto Räppar ja kohutav vorst" ja "Risto Räppar ja viimane hoiatus", Espen Fyksen ja Øyvind Rune Stålen "Elias, väike päästekaater", Hannu Mäkelä "Miisa uus pere", Timo Parvela "Kiigelaud", Nick Hornby "Maoli", Pierre Bayard "Kuidas rääkida raamatutest, mida me pole lugenud", Milan Kundera "Eesriie", Georges Perec "Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste"

  1. Excessive visceral fat accumulation in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furutate R

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Ryuko Furutate1, Takeo Ishii1,2, Ritsuko Wakabayashi1, Takashi Motegi1,2, Kouichi Yamada1,2, Akihiko Gemma2, Kozui Kida1,21Respiratory Care Clinic, Nippon Medical School, Kudan-Minami, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan; 2Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Oncology, Nippon Medical School, Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, JapanBackground: Previous studies have suggested links between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, cardiovascular disease, and abdominal obesity. Although abdominal visceral fat is thought to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors, the degree of visceral fat accumulation in patients with COPD has not been directly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the abdominal visceral fat accumulation and the association between visceral fat and the severity and changes in emphysema in COPD patients.Methods: We performed clinical and laboratory tests, including pulmonary function, dyspnea score, and the six-minute walking test in COPD patients (n = 101 and control, which included subjects with a smoking history but without airflow obstruction (n = 62. We used computed tomography to evaluate the abdominal visceral fat area (VFA, subcutaneous fat area (SFA, and the extent of emphysema.Results: The COPD group had a larger VFA than the control group. The prevalence of non-obese subjects with an increased VFA was greater in the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease Stages III and IV than in the other stages of COPD. The extent of emphysema was inversely correlated with waist circumference and SFA. However, VFA did not decrease with the severity of emphysema. VFA was positively correlated with the degree of dyspnea.Conclusion: COPD patients have excessive visceral fat, which is retained in patients with more advanced stages of COPD or severe emphysema despite the absence of obesity.Keywords: abdominal obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema

  2. Upper limits to the reaction rate coefficients of C(n)(-) and C(n)H(-) (n = 2, 4, 6) with molecular hydrogen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endres, Eric S; Lakhmanskaya, Olga; Hauser, Daniel; Huber, Stefan E; Best, Thorsten; Kumar, Sunil S; Probst, Michael; Wester, Roland

    2014-08-21

    In the interstellar medium (ISM) ion–molecule reactions play a key role in forming complex molecules. Since 2006, after the radioastronomical discovery of the first of by now six interstellar anions, interest has grown in understanding the formation and destruction pathways of negative ions in the ISM. Experiments have focused on reactions and photodetachment of the identified negatively charged ions. Hints were found that the reactions of CnH(–) with H2 may proceed with a low (rate [Eichelberger, B.; et al. Astrophys. J. 2007, 667, 1283]. Because of the high abundance of molecular hydrogen in the ISM, a precise knowledge of the reaction rate is needed for a better understanding of the low-temperature chemistry in the ISM. A suitable tool to analyze rare reactions is the 22-pole radiofrequency ion trap. Here, we report on reaction rates for Cn(–) and CnH(–) (n = 2, 4, 6) with buffer gas temperatures of H2 at 12 and 300 K. Our experiments show the absence of these reactions with an upper limit to the rate coefficients between 4 × 10(–16) and 5 × 10(–15) cm(3) s(–1), except for the case of C2(–), which does react with a finite rate with H2 at low temperatures. For the cases of C2H(–) and C4H(–), the experimental results were confirmed with quantum chemical calculations. In addition, the possible influence of a residual reactivity on the abundance of C4H(–) and C6H(–) in the ISM were estimated on the basis of a gas-phase chemical model based on the KIDA database. We found that the simulated ion abundances are already unaffected if reaction rate coefficients with H2 were below 10(–14) cm(3) s(–1).

  3. Radiation monitoring of soil cover of natural uranium in the Issyk-Kul province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Djenbaev, B.M.; Toktoeva, T.E.; Kaldibaev, B.K.; Zholbolduev, B.T.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the current state in the radioecological soil Issyk-Kul province of natural uranium. Found that the background radiation - exposure dose and artificial radionuclides in the soil of the coastal zone of the lake as a whole at the level of the background and the acceptance of lower standards except for natural technogenic and some natural areas. Radioecological this province is mild natural and industrial uranium province.We have previously established 10 experimental plots around Issyk-Kul and the measurement showed that the power of natural background radiation in the gamma radiation of the coastal lake zone is an average of 17 to 25 mR/h in some areas up to 40 mR/h. As the distance from the lake to the side slopes of its level in some places rises to 40 mR/h, especially in some mountainous areas, canyons, which are based on the rocks, granites and their fragments are small, red sand, with a slightly increased radioactivity. For small areas with high natural background radiation can be attributed to the beaches of the coastal zone v. Jenish, v. Ak-Terek, located on the southern shore of Issyk-Kul Lake. The radioactivity of 30 - 60 mR/h, and in areas with a high content of iron in the sand inclusions level exposure dose increases up to 400 mR/h. Small areas of the coastal zone of Issyk-Kul Lake, mostly mud deposits with characteristic brilliance giving high radiation background. These areas include: the beach v.Tosor - 40-50 mR/h, 10 km west of the coast v.Kaji-Sai - 32-40 mR/h, the shore around with. Toru-Aigyr - 30 mR/h, the coast around v.Tamchi - 40-50 mR/h. In general, cities in the Issyk-Kul basin Kara-Kol, Cholpon-Ata and Balykchy radiation situation quite well, the average exposure dose of gamma radiation does not exceed 20 - 22 mR/h, but in some places the use of crushed granite, as filler and construction material, the level of background radiation increases to 40-50 mR/h This indicates that these natural resources, without first

  4. PREFACE: Aerodynamic sound Aerodynamic sound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akishita, Sadao

    2010-02-01

    The modern theory of aerodynamic sound originates from Lighthill's two papers in 1952 and 1954, as is well known. I have heard that Lighthill was motivated in writing the papers by the jet-noise emitted by the newly commercialized jet-engined airplanes at that time. The technology of aerodynamic sound is destined for environmental problems. Therefore the theory should always be applied to newly emerged public nuisances. This issue of Fluid Dynamics Research (FDR) reflects problems of environmental sound in present Japanese technology. The Japanese community studying aerodynamic sound has held an annual symposium since 29 years ago when the late Professor S Kotake and Professor S Kaji of Teikyo University organized the symposium. Most of the Japanese authors in this issue are members of the annual symposium. I should note the contribution of the two professors cited above in establishing the Japanese community of aerodynamic sound research. It is my pleasure to present the publication in this issue of ten papers discussed at the annual symposium. I would like to express many thanks to the Editorial Board of FDR for giving us the chance to contribute these papers. We have a review paper by T Suzuki on the study of jet noise, which continues to be important nowadays, and is expected to reform the theoretical model of generating mechanisms. Professor M S Howe and R S McGowan contribute an analytical paper, a valuable study in today's fluid dynamics research. They apply hydrodynamics to solve the compressible flow generated in the vocal cords of the human body. Experimental study continues to be the main methodology in aerodynamic sound, and it is expected to explore new horizons. H Fujita's study on the Aeolian tone provides a new viewpoint on major, longstanding sound problems. The paper by M Nishimura and T Goto on textile fabrics describes new technology for the effective reduction of bluff-body noise. The paper by T Sueki et al also reports new technology for the

  5. Re-conceptualizing mother tongue tuition of Estonian abroad as a transnational phenomenon

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    Maarja Siiner

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The governmental initiative called the Compatriots Programme, which supports language tuition in Estonian schools and societies abroad, reveals an increased interest in developing intergenerational language transmission in the growing Estonian diaspora. This transnational language political activity signals a new era in language policy, where nation states are increasingly decentralized by migration. The evaluation of the program furthermore reveals that organizing such schools requires a willingness to take language political agency, typically conducted by well-educated and well-integrated resourceful transnational multilingual parents. The present article outlines the results of an ethnographic study of the process of establishing the Estonian School in Copenhagen. This step has demanded a change in the mindset still prevailing in Estonia that language political activities, such as planning language acquisition, are solely the responsibility of the state. Since the prevailing language ideology in Denmark is not favorable towards multilingualism in migrant languages, intergenerational language transmission furthermore presupposes a feeling of ownership of the language and high language self-esteem. "Hargmaise keelepoliitika sünd. Eesti keeleõppe korraldamise võimalikkusest välismaal Taani näitel" Hargmaisus, kasvav väljarändajate arv ja sellega ka eesti keele rääkijate hulk välismaal on jätnud oma jälje eesti keelepoliitikale. Kui varem uuriti peamiselt seda, kuidas eesti keel muukeelses kontekstis muutub, siis viimasel kümnendil on riik asunud aktiivselt toetama eesti keele jätkuvat kasutamist välismaal, rahastades rahvuskaaslaste programmi abil haridusprogramme. Kuid millised faktorid määravad selle, kas uus eestlaste põlvkond oskab ja tahab eesti keelt rääkida? Artikkel hindab etnograafilises ja sotsiolingvistilises võtmes Kopenhaagenis kolm aastat tegutsenud Eesti Kooli ja Lasteklubi näitel, millised on keelekasutust

  6. Study of the 3D Euler equations using Clebsch potentials: dual mechanisms for geometric depletion

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    Ohkitani, Koji

    2018-02-01

    After surveying analyses of the 3D Euler equations using the Clebsch potentials scattered over the literature, we report some preliminary new results. 1. Assuming that flow fields are free from nulls of the impulse and the vorticity fields, we study how constraints imposed by the Clebsch potentials lead to a degenerate geometrical structure, typically in the form of depletion of nonlinearity. We consider a vorticity surface spanned by \\boldsymbol ω and another material vector \\boldsymbol {W} such that \\boldsymbol γ=\\boldsymbol ω× \\boldsymbol {W}, where \\boldsymbol γ is the impulse variable in geometric gauge. We identify dual mechanism for geometric depletion and show that at least of one them is acting if \\boldsymbol {W} does not develop a null. This suggests that formation of singularity in flows endowed with Clebsch potentials is less likely to happen than in more general flows. Some arguments are given towards exclusion of ‘type I’ blowup. A mathematical challenge remains to rule out singularity formation for flows which have Clebsch potentials everywhere. 2. We exploit classical differential geometry kinematically to write down the Gauss-Weingarten equations for the vorticity surface of the Clebsch potential in terms of fluid dynamical variables, as are the first, second and third fundamental forms. In particular, we derive a constraint on the size of the Gaussian curvature near the point of a possible singularity. On the other hand, an application of the Gauss-Bonnet theorem reveals that the tangential curvature of the surface becomes large in the neighborhood of near-singularity. 3. Using spatially-periodic flows with highly-symmetry, i.e. initial conditions of the Taylor-Green vortex and the Kida-Pelz flow, we present explicit formulas of the Clebsch potentials with exceptional singular surfaces where the Clebsch potentials are undefined. This is done by connecting the known expressions with the solenoidal impulse variable (i.e. the

  7. Photodissociation and photoionisation of atoms and molecules of astrophysical interest

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    Heays, A. N.; Bosman, A. D.; van Dishoeck, E. F.

    2017-06-01

    A new collection of photodissociation and photoionisation cross sections for 102 atoms and molecules of astrochemical interest has been assembled, along with a brief review of the basic physical processes involved. These have been used to calculate dissociation and ionisation rates, with uncertainties, in a standard ultraviolet interstellar radiation field (ISRF) and for other wavelength-dependent radiation fields, including cool stellar and solar radiation, Lyman-α dominated radiation, and a cosmic-ray induced ultraviolet flux. The new ISRF rates generally agree within 30% with our previous compilations, with a few notable exceptions. Comparison with other databases such as PHIDRATES is made. The reduction of rates in shielded regions was calculated as a function of dust, molecular and atomic hydrogen, atomic C, and self-shielding column densities. The relative importance of these shielding types depends on the atom or molecule in question and the assumed dust optical properties. All of the new data are publicly available from the Leiden photodissociation and ionisation database. Sensitivity of the calculated rates to variation of temperature and isotope, and uncertainties in measured or calculated cross sections, are tested and discussed. Tests were conducted on the new rates with an interstellar-cloud chemical model, and find general agreement (within a factor of two) in abundances obtained with the previous iteration of the Leiden database assuming an ISRF, and order-of-magnitude variations assuming various kinds of stellar radiation. The newly parameterised dust-shielding factors makes a factor-of-two difference to many atomic and molecular abundances relative to parameters currently in the UDfA and KIDA astrochemical reaction databases. The newly-calculated cosmic-ray induced photodissociation and ionisation rates differ from current standard values up to a factor of 5. Under high temperature and cosmic-ray-flux conditions the new rates alter the equilibrium

  8. Movement and habitat use of Sika and White-tailed Deer on Assateague Island national seashore, Maryland

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    Diefenbach, Duane R.; Christensen, Sonja

    2009-01-01

    = 0.16–0.82) for male white-tailed deer, 0.74 (95% CI = 0.44–0.91) for female white-tailed deer, 0.56 (95% CI = 0.35–0.75) for male sika deer, and 0.86 (95% CI = 0.70–0.94) for female sika deer. The harvest rate was 0.12 (95% CI = 0.04–0.27) for female sika deer, 0.44 (95% CI = 0.25–0.65) for male sika deer, 0.18 (95% CI = 0.05–0.51) for female white-tailed deer, and 0.38 (95% CI = 0.10–0.78) for male white-tailed deer. Annual survival rates for both species were similar to what has been observed in other populations. Unfortunately, small sample sizes for male white-tailed deer limited inferences about harvest and survival rates, but harvest rates of females for both species were similar to other published studies. Hunting was the primary cause of mortality, and outside the hunting season survival was 0.98–1.00 for all species and sexes. We found that the home range area of sika deer was much greater than the home range area of white-tailed deer, but failed to detect any difference between sexes or among seasons. Sika deer also made long-distance movements and left the Maryland portion of Assateague Island. No sika deer left Assateague island during our study, but we did document the dispersal of a male whitetailed deer to the mainland. In their native range, sika deer have been able to readily expand populations and occupy vacant habitat (Kaji et al. 2000; Kaji et al. 2004). The long distance movements we observed on Assateague Island, especially relative to white-tailed deer, may reflect the ability of this species to exploit food resources that may be limited in quality or quantity, or both. However, we did not collect data to assess use of food resources by sika deer and whether this may have influenced long distance movements. We found both species of deer were less likely to use a habitat the further it was located from cover, which was defined as tall shrub or forest vegetation. For every 10 m (32 ft) from cover each species of deer was 1

  9. Latent class analysis of reading, decoding, and writing performance using the Academic Performance Test: concurrent and discriminating validity

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    Cogo-Moreira H

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Hugo Cogo-Moreira,1 Carolina Alves Ferreira Carvalho,2 Adriana de Souza Batista Kida,2 Clara Regina Brandão de Avila,2 Giovanni Abrahão Salum,3,5 Tais Silveira Moriyama,1,4 Ary Gadelha,1,5 Luis Augusto Rohde,3,5 Luciana Monteiro de Moura,1 Andrea Parolin Jackowski,1 Jair de Jesus Mari11Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 2Department of Hearing and Speech Pathology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 3Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, 4Department of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 5National Institute for Developmental Psychiatry for Children and Adolescent, (National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development, BrazilAim: To explore and validate the best returned latent class solution for reading and writing subtests from the Academic Performance Test (TDE.Sample: A total of 1,945 children (6–14 years of age, who answered the TDE, the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA, and had an estimated intelligence quotient (IQ higher than 70, came from public schools in São Paulo (35 schools and Porto Alegre (22 schools that participated in the ‘High Risk Cohort Study for Childhood Psychiatric Disorders’ project. They were on average 9.52 years old (standard deviation = 1.856, from the 1st to 9th grades, and 53.3% male. The mean estimated IQ was 102.70 (standard deviation = 16.44.Methods: Via Item Response Theory (IRT, the highest discriminating items (‘a’>1.7 were selected from the TDE subtests of reading and writing. A latent class analysis was run based on these subtests. The statistically and empirically best latent class solutions were validated through concurrent (IQ and combined attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] diagnoses and discriminant (major depression diagnoses measures.Results: A three-class solution was found to be the best model solution, revealing classes of children with good, not

  10. With or without articles? A comparison of article-like determiners in Estonian and Finnish

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    Helen Hint

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we compare the use and functions of definite and indefinite article-like determiners in Estonian and Finnish. Our main aim is to explore whether the factors that explain the choice of particular determiner forms are similar in Estonian and Finnish. We use a picture-sequence based elicitation experiment to collect spoken narratives from adult native speakers of Estonian and Finnish, and apply non-parametric tree and forest models to analyze the data. Our findings indicate that number of mention and animacy are important predictor variables in both languages, but their exact effect is divergent. We also find that in Finnish, case of the determiner NP proves to be an important factor, while in Estonian, syntactic role of the NP explains some aspects of determiner form choice. Nevertheless, the overall usage frequency of determiners is modest in the Estonian and Finnish data, and the process of grammaticalizing articles is only in initial stages in both languages. *** Artikliga, artiklita? Eesti ja soome keele artiklilaadsete määratlejate võrdlus Siinses uurimuses analüüsime võrdlevalt artiklilaadseid definiitseid ja indefiniitseid määratlejaid eesti ja soome keeles. Eelkõige kõrvutame eesti keele definiitset määratlejat see ja soome keele definiitseid määratlejaid se ja tämä ning eesti ja soome indefiniitset määratlejat üks/yks(i. Samuti vaatleme eesti keele possessiivpronoomeni oma ning soome 3sg possessiivsufiksi (-nsa/-nsä, -Vn referentsiaalseid omadusi. Uurimuse põhieesmärgiks on selgitada, millised on peamised määratlejate kasutust mõjutavad keelelised faktorid eesti ja soome keeles ning kas need faktorid on keeliti sarnased või erinevad. Ühtlasi otsime vastust küsimusele, kas eesti ja soome keeles on põhjust rääkida määratlejate grammatisatsioonist artikliteks. Uuritav keelematerjal pärineb pildiseeria põhjal kogutud suulistest narratiividest. Uurimuses osales 20 eesti ja 20 soome keele