WorldWideScience

Sample records for kaihatsu seido shin

  1. Overview of FY1997 human media technology R and D; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports a summary of results in fiscal 1997 of research and development of human media technology. Fiscal 1997 launched design and trial fabrication of the following items: interface to improve efficiency and safety of plant operators, accommodation of multimedia contents to aid Kansei design, city development design aiding technologies using contents retrieval and presentation technologies and virtual reality, and empirical evaluation technologies for safety, comfort and convenience. Specific study assignments were extracted on a virtual media technology, a Kansei media technology and a knowledge media technology being three elementary technologies for human media to make clear the research and development approaches to be taken in the coming fiscal years. In addition, a human media technology committee, a research and development working group, and an investigation working group were established. Also launched were investigations on research trends in the human media technology, and investigative researches on contacts of information needs in industries with human media. 59 refs., 114 figs., 24 tabs.

  2. Shin Splints

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... dancers and military recruits. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who ... and might progress to a stress reaction or stress fracture. When to see a doctor Consult your doctor ...

  3. Shin Splints 101: Explaining Shin Splints to Young Runners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newlin, Dana; Smith, Darla S.

    2011-01-01

    Shin splints are a common but often confusing injury. Sources disagree on both the cause of the injury and the anatomical source of the pain. Some blame shin splints on foot pronation, footstrike pattern, or arch height. Regardless of what causes the condition, it affects many runners, beginning in some at a young age. Young runners often have…

  4. Shin splints - self-care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to make sure you do not have a stress fracture. You will also be checked to make sure you do not have ... Pain - shins - self-care; Anterior tibial pain - self-care; Medial tibial stress syndrome - self- ...

  5. Shin splints--a literature review.

    OpenAIRE

    Bates, P

    1985-01-01

    "Shin splints" is not a specific diagnosis. It is merely a descriptive term that describes chronic exertional shin pain in an athlete. The evidence seems clear that shin splint pain has many different causes and this reflects the variation in the anatomy. It would be preferable to describe shin splint pain by location and aetiology, for example, lower medial tibial pain due to periostitis or upper lateral tibial pain due to elevated compartment pressure. This would aid communication between p...

  6. Shin splints--a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, P

    1985-01-01

    "Shin splints" is not a specific diagnosis. It is merely a descriptive term that describes chronic exertional shin pain in an athlete. The evidence seems clear that shin splint pain has many different causes and this reflects the variation in the anatomy. It would be preferable to describe shin splint pain by location and aetiology, for example, lower medial tibial pain due to periostitis or upper lateral tibial pain due to elevated compartment pressure. This would aid communication between physicians and also direct therapy more accurately. Images p132-a PMID:3907743

  7. Design and Simulation of Seido Buffer for Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) on Multichannel Analyzer (MCA) Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harzawadi Hasim; Maslina Ibrahim; Nolida Yusop; Mohd Ashhar Khalid

    2011-01-01

    Most of our electronic equipment has buffer, thus this make buffer as one of importance in electronic gadget. This paper introduced Single Ended Input Differential Output (SEIDO) buffer to predict the bias at approximately 2.5 V. For this purpose, the input range between -1 mV to 4 V was implemented. The software used to cascade SEIDO buffer is called LTspice IV; an open source software developed by Linear Technology Incorporation. The component involve in this development was Operational Amplifier (OP AMP) AD826 from Analog Devices Incorporation, capacitor and resistor. Kirchhoffs Current Law and Kirchhoffs Voltage Law was applied to calculated voltage gain and biasing voltage. All design has been verified by LTspice IV. The result produced from simulation was between -0.3 V to 6.3 V with bias roughly at 2.5 V. These results prove that it was capable to drive Analog Digital Converter (ADC) that can subsequently apply for Multichannel Analyzer (MCA). (author)

  8. Bone scanning in Shin Splint evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dumont, M.; Lamoureux, F.; Lamoureux, J.; Danais, S.; Lacoste, P.; Duranceau, J.

    1983-01-01

    Jogging is increasingly popular; in U.S.A., in 1979 more than 25 millions people were considered joggers. Lesions of the locomotive system of the lower limbs are very frequent in athletes and the Shin Splint syndrome, for one, is very frequent. However this precise clinical entity, usually X-Ray negative, is ill-known. A bone scan study in a series of 30 athletes suffering from Shin Splints is presented. The bone scans being positive and typical were highly useful in confirming the clinical diagnosis. Moreover, follow-up studies were done in a number of these patients and results correlated well with the clinical evolution [fr

  9. The effectiveness of shin guards used by football players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatar, Yasar; Ramazanoglu, Nusret; Camliguney, Asiye Filiz; Saygi, Evrim Karadag; Cotuk, Hasan Birol

    2014-01-01

    In football, injuries from opponent contact occur commonly in the lower extremities. FIFA the world's governing body for football requires players to wear shin guards. The aim of this study was to compare the protective effectiveness of polypropylene based shin guards with custom-made carbon fiber ones. Three commercial polypropylene shin guards (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™) and two custom-made carbon fiber shin guards were examined. The experimental setup had the following parts: 1) A pendulum attached a load cell at the tip (CAS Corp., Korea) and a fixed prosthetic foot equipped with a cleat to simulate an attacker's foot. 2) An artificial tibia prepared by condensed foam and reinforced by carbon fibers protected with soft clothing. 3) A multifunctional sensor system (Tekscan Corp., F-Socket System, Turkey) to record the impact on the tibia. In the low impact force trials, only 2.79-9.63 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. When comparing for mean force, peak force and impulse, both carbon fiber shin guards performed better than the commercial ones (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™) (p = 0.000). Based on these same parameters, the Nike Mercurial™ provided better protection than the Adidas Predator™ and the Adidas UCL™ (p = 0.000). In the high impact force trials, only 5.16-10.90 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. For peak force and impulse, the carbon fiber shin guards provided better protection than all the others. Carbon fiber shin guards possess protective qualities superior to those of commercial polypropylene shin guards. Key PointsShin guards decrease the risk of serious injuries.Carbon shin guards provide sufficient protection against high impact forces.Commercially available Polypropylene based shin guards do not provide sufficient protection against high impact forces.

  10. The Effectiveness of Shin Guards Used by Football Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasar Tatar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In football, injuries from opponent contact occur commonly in the lower extremities. FIFA the world’s governing body for football requires players to wear shin guards. The aim of this study was to compare the protective effectiveness of polypropylene based shin guards with custom-made carbon fiber ones. Three commercial polypropylene shin guards (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™ and two custom-made carbon fiber shin guards were examined. The experimental setup had the following parts: 1 A pendulum attached a load cell at the tip (CAS Corp., Korea and a fixed prosthetic foot equipped with a cleat to simulate an attacker’s foot. 2 An artificial tibia prepared by condensed foam and reinforced by carbon fibers protected with soft clothing. 3 A multifunctional sensor system (Tekscan Corp., F-Socket System, Turkey to record the impact on the tibia. In the low impact force trials, only 2.79-9.63 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. When comparing for mean force, peak force and impulse, both carbon fiber shin guards performed better than the commercial ones (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™ (p = 0.000. Based on these same parameters, the Nike Mercurial™ provided better protection than the Adidas Predator™ and the Adidas UCL™ (p = 0.000. In the high impact force trials, only 5.16-10.90 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. For peak force and impulse, the carbon fiber shin guards provided better protection than all the others. Carbon fiber shin guards possess protective qualities superior to those of commercial polypropylene shin guards.

  11. Investigation of shinning Spot Defect on Hot-Dip Galvanized Steel Sheets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yonggang, Liu; Lei, Cui

    2014-01-01

    Shinning spot defects on galvanized steel sheets were studied by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope(SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS) and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Original Position Statistic Distribution Analysis (LIBSOPA) in this study. The research shows that the coating thickness of shinning spot defects which caused by the substrate defect is much lower than normal area, and when skin passed, the shinning spot defect area can not touch with skin pass roll which result in the surface of shinning spot is flat while normal area is rough. The different coating morphologies have different effects on the reflection of light, which cause the shinning spot defects more brighter than normal area

  12. Bone lesions from overload: shin splint and stress fracture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Una Gorospe; Jon Andoni; Isla Gallego, Concepcion; Santana Borbones, Aranzazu; Perera Romero, Carmen; Allende Riera, Ana J

    2005-01-01

    There are many stress injuries in the lower extremities due to exercise, and the case we present is an example of two injuries which may present in children or young adults who train excessively. The patient complains of pain and tightness on exercise. The underlying pathology is probably rupture of insertion fibres of the tibial and soleus (Sharpey's fibres) muscles. Probably, there is also periostitis and myositis. Stress fractures and shin splints are often present at the same time in different stages, and both are typical pathologies due to excessive training. Scintigraphy allows identification and early management of shin splints and stress fractures (au)

  13. Tibial Stress Injuries: Decisive Diagnosis and Treatment of "Shin Splints."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couture, Christopher J.; Karlson, Kristine A.

    2002-01-01

    Tibial stress injuries, commonly called shin splints, often result when bone remodeling processes adopt inadequately to repetitive stress. Physicians who are caring for athletic patients must have a thorough understanding of this continuum of injuries, including medial tibial stress syndrome and tibial stress fractures, because there are…

  14. Industrial science and technology research and development institutions in fiscal 1999. Report on achievements in research and development of human media; 1999 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to give the society with the full picture of human media at an early time, actual problems in industries were taken up. This paper summarizes the sensitivity agent to support sensitivity of individuals, the human media database, the urban environment human media aiming at symbiosis of nature with artificial environment, and the achievements of comprehensive investigations and researches in fiscals 1999 and 2000. Activities were taken in the following four areas: 1) research and development of the sensitivity agent and human media database, 2) research and development of the urban environment human media, 3) comprehensive investigations and researches, and 4) investigations on technological trends in foreign countries. In Item 1), discussions were given on the technology to present full-color images at high accuracy, the image sensitivity retrieval technology, and the multi-dimensional interface technology for the human media database. In studying the basic human media technology, discussions were given on the basic sensitivity modeling technology, and the sensitivity agent mechanism. (NEDO)

  15. Features of Computerized Procedure System of Shin-Kori unit 5 and 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seong, Nokyu; Jung, Yeonsub; Sung, Chanho

    2016-01-01

    The Computerized Procedure System (CPS) is one of the Man Machine Interface (MMI) resources of Main Control Room (MCR) of the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400). The CPS has been continuously improved since it was installed in Shin-Kori unit 3 and 4. The Korea Hydro Nuclear Power Central Research Institute (KHNP CRI) has found the points of improvement of CPS through CPS centered Human Factors Engineering Verification and Validation (HFE V and V) and Operating Experience Review (OER) of reference power plant. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6 unit. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6. These are some of improvements of CPS. This prototype of CPS currently is implementing in CRI. The respective function can be more detailed after testing the prototype. These features will be applied to Shin-Kori 5 and 6 CPS after HFE V and V

  16. Features of Computerized Procedure System of Shin-Kori unit 5 and 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seong, Nokyu; Jung, Yeonsub; Sung, Chanho [KHNP CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    The Computerized Procedure System (CPS) is one of the Man Machine Interface (MMI) resources of Main Control Room (MCR) of the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400). The CPS has been continuously improved since it was installed in Shin-Kori unit 3 and 4. The Korea Hydro Nuclear Power Central Research Institute (KHNP CRI) has found the points of improvement of CPS through CPS centered Human Factors Engineering Verification and Validation (HFE V and V) and Operating Experience Review (OER) of reference power plant. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6 unit. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6. These are some of improvements of CPS. This prototype of CPS currently is implementing in CRI. The respective function can be more detailed after testing the prototype. These features will be applied to Shin-Kori 5 and 6 CPS after HFE V and V.

  17. Foot posture in basketball players with history of the shin splint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Forghany

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Shin splint is one of the common injuries in most athletes. Although the relationship between abnormal foot posture and shin splint has been reported previously but, the relation between foot posture and shin splint has not been well documented. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between foot postures in basketball players and the history of shin splint. Materials and Methods: Thirty Iranian male basketball players who had experience of shin splint during last three months were participated in this study. Foot Posture Index (FPI-6 was used as the measure of foot posture. Talar head palpation, curvature at the lateral malleoli, inversion/eversion of the calcaneus, prominence in the region of the talonavicular joint, congruence of the medial longitudinal arch, abduction /adduction of the forefoot on the rear foot were 6 items which were assessed with FPI in the standing position. Foot posture was defined as ‘normal’, ‘supinated’ or ‘pronated. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS, version16. Results: Most participants showed abnormal foot posture (%80. Fifty-three percent of subjects had pronated foot (%53 and 10% did hyper-pronation. The foot postures of 17% of participants were in supination. The results of this study did not show a significant difference in foot posture between right and left foot (P > 0.05. Conclusion: abnormal foot posture were common (%80 in basketball players with the history of shin splints. These findings could support this idea that the footwear and orthotic prescription both can prevent and treat basketball players with history of shin splints. Keywords: Foot posture, Shin splints, Basketball

  18. Notes on breeding sharp-shinned hawks and cooper’s hawks in Barnwell County, South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark Vukovich; John C. Kilgo

    2009-01-01

    Breeding records of Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawks) in the southeastern US are scattered and isolated. We documented a Sharp-shinned Hawk and Accipiter cooperii (Cooper’s Hawk) nest while conducting a telemetry study on Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpeckers) in Barnwell County, SC in 2006 and 2007. We report the first known nest of a Sharp-shinned...

  19. Conservative treatment of congenital false joint of shin in newborns and infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. Shchokin

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Congenital false joint of shin occurs in 1 case per 28 000 - 190 000 live births, but it is hard-to-treat and disabling disease. Objective: Improving treatment outcomes, reducing the number of surgical interventions for the treatment of congenital false joint of shin. Materials and Methods. The method is carried out using staged plaster casts with the gradual correction of deformities. When axis of the leg approximates to the normal one, axial load is added. First, it is done by tapping on the heel. When the child was 7-8 months old he was put on the legs and taught to walk. The plaster bandage is replaced by "Scotch cast" and "soft cast" bandage. The treatment lasted up to reaching of clinical effect – correction of shin deformation and absence of pathological mobility. Clinical effect must be confirmed by roentgenography which must demonstrate filling of false joint zone with bone tissue and restoration of intramedullary canal. During all the period of treating alternate courses of electrophoresis with calcium chloride, medical mud extracts and magnetic therapy are conducted. In the period from 1995 till 2015 in the Regional Zaporizhzhia Children Clinical Hospital 4 children (6 shins aged from 1 to 7 months with false joint of shin were treated using proposed method. Results and discussion. All 4 children (6 shins treated in clinic with proposed conservative method showed filling of false joint zone with bone tissue, restoration of intramedullary canal and significant extension of axis of the shin. The load on the leg in early terms results in compression of bone fragments (as in compression-distraction osteosynthesis, magnetic therapy, electrophoresis with calcium chloride and medical mud extracts promote active functioning of the muscles that improves regional blood supply and improves osteogenesis. Conclusions. Using the proposed method of treatment of congenital false joint of shins in newborns and infants can allow avoiding surgical

  20. Notes on breeding sharp-shinned hawks and Cooper’s hawks in Barnwell County, South Carolina.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vukovich, Mark; Kilgo, John, C.

    2009-07-01

    Abstract - Breeding records of Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawks) in the southeastern US are scattered and isolated. We documented a Sharp-shinned Hawk and Accipiter cooperii (Cooper’s Hawk) nest while conducting a telemetry study on Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpeckers) in Barnwell County, SC in 2006 and 2007. We report the first known nest of a Sharp-shinned Hawk in Barnwell County, SC and the first report of Sharp-shinned Hawks preying upon Red-headed Woodpeckers. Thirteen of 93 (13.9 %) woodpeckers were killed by accipiters in the summers of 2006 and 2007. Large, contiguous forests managed for Picoides borealis (Red-cockaded Woodpeckers) may be used by breeding Sharp-shinned Hawks. The bright plumage, loud calls, and behavior of Red-headed Woodpeckers, particularly during the nestling stage, may make them conspicuous prey for accipiters.

  1. Standardization of spedalized medical care to patients with shin fractures in multifield city hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. Tikhilov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the investigation was development of science-based recommendations for increasing efficiency of operative treatment of adult patients with shin fractures in multiprofile city hospital. Investigation was made in Saint-Petersburg Alexandrovskiy City Hospital. Clinical material was presented by official hospital reports, individual medical documentation and results of direct survey of patients treated in this hospital in period 1999-2010 years. All patients had follow up treatment in outpatient department of this hospital. Information was completed following federal and local laws. Recommendations for standardization of modern specialized medical care of patients with shin fractures, based on methods of internal fixation, were performed. We took into consideration possibilities of conventional and minimally invasive fixation of closed and open fractures including politrauma injuries. Models of patients with shin fractures depending on method of internal fixation and list of basic diagnostic procedures and treatment were formed. Operations classifier of internal shin fractures fixation was developed. This classifier includes calculation of hospital costs in process of specialized medical care considering actual correction coefficients. Calculation of each surgical procedure component was performed. List and composition of instrument sets and expense materials for such operations were formed. Analisis of organizational, medico-technological, economica aspect and expert evaluation of clinical results of different methods of long bones fractures fixation have provided conceptual approach to treatment standardization. On this base we have developed medico-economical standards of long bones fractures treatment in city multiprofile hospital.

  2. Development of Severe Accident Management Strategies for Shin-Kori 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Youngseung; Kim, Hyeongtaek; Shin, Jungmin

    2013-01-01

    Shin-Kori units 3 and 4 are new reactors under construction as an APR 1400 type reactor. The plants which considered coping with severe accident from design phase are different from other operating plants in view of severe accident management strategies. The purpose of this paper is to establish optimal strategies for Shin-Kori 3 and 4. A scheme for optimized severe accident management was drawn up with the object of achieving core cooling, containment integrity, and decreased release of fission product. Shin-Kori units 3 and 4 are a new reactor and designed to add mitigating systems for coping with severe accident such as ECSBS, PAR, and CFS. Also the plants are reflected as a part of Fukushima followup measures The strategies of SAMG for Shin-Kori 3 and 4 were developed. The strategic approach was based on the concept of defense in depth. Firstly, strategies for core cooling were chosen such as RCS depressurization, injection to SG, injection to RCS, and injection to reactor cavity. Secondly, the plans for containment integrity were developed for controlling pressure and hydrogen in containment. Lastly, reduced release of fission product was considered for protection of the public after containment failure. The achieved strategies meet the needs of effective methods for severe accident management and enhancement of safety

  3. Development of more effective methods of normalization and application at braking in turn test; Senkai seido shiken no koritsuka to oyo han`i no kakucho shuho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekine, T; Nagae, H [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Recant passenger cars have so higher grades of the cornering performance that the vehicle behaviors at braking in turn have become more important for the security on the obstacle avoidance ability. In this paper, the influences of amount of initial centripetal acceleration to braking motion of vehicles are discussed by experimental and theoretical analysis. Under the higher centripetal accelerations, even smaller deceleration bring the vehicle oscillating yaw velocity phenomena as same as centripetal accelerations. As to advance the effective test procedure. the authors proposed one of the methods that enable to reduce the test error by insufficient vehicle velocity. 7 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Research report on the effect of the large-scale industrial technology development system and on how it should be in the future; Ogata kogyo gijutsu kaihatsu seido no seika oyobi kongo no arikata ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    A survey was done about projects implemented under the above-named development system inaugurated in fiscal 1966, and studies are made as to how large projects should be in the future. The survey covered the subjects which had been completed by fiscal 1985, that is, the remotely controlled submarine drilling device for oil, seawater desalination and by-product utilization, electric vehicle, technology of comprehensive control of automobiles, pattern information processing system, direct iron making by use of high-temperature reduced gas, manufacture of olefines from heavy oil, aviation jet engine, resources recycling/reuse system, superhigh-performance laser-aided combined manufacturing system, submarine oil production system, and the optics-aided measurement/control system. Answers were heard from corporations concerned. The answers contained some complaints, concerning the shortage of experience on the part of participating corporations, degradation in planning functions, increase in the burden of leading companies, shortage of study or conference about an optimum promotion system, problems in accounting and auditing systems, etc., and suggestions were presented for improvement on large-scale projects. (NEDO)

  5. FY 2000 Report on survey/analysis of needs. Survey on systems for developing welfare-related equipment in overseas countries; 2000 nendo needs chosa bunseki hokokusho. Kaigai ni okeru fukushi kiki kaihatsu seido chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The systems in American and European countries for technological development of welfare-related equipment and tools are surveyed and analyzed, with the objectives to draw proposals for establishing the systems which help smooth spread of the research/development results. It is necessary, in selecting the research themes, to well balance the supports for research and development based on the ideas and initiatives by the researchers with those for the publicly invited themes in which the government narrows down the politically important items. For exchanging researchers, the program should help exchange researchers routinely, to match the needs and seeds. It is necessary for the research and development programs promoted by the government for welfare-related equipment to quantitatively grasp the characteristics of various body functions and deterioration of these functions by aging, and to encourage the new participants by providing them with the databases. For promotion of spreading the R and D results, it is necessary to develop laws and regulations which help reduce expenses of the individual disabled and aged, and promote purchase of equipment through insurance, like ADA and rehabilitation-related laws adopted by USA. (NEDO)

  6. Industrial science and technology research and development institutions in fiscal 2000. Research and development of human media (Report on achievements in research and development of high-level information system for petroleum plant); 2000 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (sekiyu plant kodo johoka system gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Having selected a petroleum refining plant as a large and complex system, a system was developed, that is capable of operating safely and efficiently a plant even by young operators by utilizing the human media technology that realizes information environment having a sense of unity with humans. With this system, if an anomaly is detected in the plant condition, the agent and the operator talk with each other freely, and necessary items of information are displayed on a large screen from moment to moment according to the priority thereof. Activities were taken in the following nine areas: 1) the total system, 2) research on an interface agent, 3) research on hypothetic plant indication interface, 4) research on a discrete cooperative treatment technology, 5) research on plant models and interface systems, 6) research on plant ontology, 7) research on significance indication interface, 8) improvement of tools to structure a large-screen integrated indication system, and 9) investigations on technological trends in foreign countries. (NEDO)

  7. Development of Neutronics Model for ShinKori Unit 1 Simulator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, JinHyuk; Lee, MyeongSoo; Lee, SeungHo; Suh, JungKwan; Hwang, DoHyun [KEPRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-05-15

    ShinKori-Unit 1 and 2 is being built in the Kori site which will be operated at 2815 MWt of thermal core power. The purpose of this paper is to report on the performance of the developed neutronics model of ShinKori Unit 1 and 2. Also this report includes the convenient tool (XS2R5) for processing the large quantity of information received from the DIT/ROCS model and generating cross-sections. The neutronics model is based on the NESTLE code inserted to RELAP5/MOD3 thermal-hydraulics analysis code which was funded as FY-93 LDRD Project 7201 and is running on the commercial simulator environment tool (the 3KeyMaster{sup TM} of the WSC). As some examples for the verification of the developed neutronics model, some figures are provided. The output of the developed neutronics model is in accord with the Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR) of the reference plant.

  8. An advanced NSSS integrity monitoring system for Shin-Kori nuclear units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oh, Y. G.; Kim, H. B.; Galin, S. R.; Kim, S. H.; Lee, S. J.

    2009-01-01

    The advanced design features of NSSS (Nuclear Steam Supply System) Integrity Monitoring System for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 are summarized herein. During the overall system design and detailed component design processes, many design improvements have been made for the system. The major design changes are: 1) the application of a common software platform for all subsystems, 2) the implementation of remote access, control and monitoring capabilities, and 3) the equipment redesign and rearrangement that has simplified the system architecture. Changes give an effect on cabinet size, number of cables, cyber-security, graphic user interfaces, and interfaces with other monitoring systems. The system installation and operation for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 will be more convenient than those for previous Korean nuclear units in view of its remote control capability, automated test functions, improved user interface functions, and much less cabling. (authors)

  9. An Advanced NSSS Integrity Monitoring System for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Yang Gyun; Galin, Scott R.; Lee, Sang Jeong

    2010-12-01

    The advanced design features of NSSS (Nuclear Steam Supply System) Integrity Monitoring System for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 are summarized herein. During the overall system design and detailed component design processes, many design improvements have been made for the system. The major design changes are: 1) the application of a common software platform for all subsystems, 2) the implementation of remote access, control and monitoring capabilities, and 3) the equipment redesign and rearrangement that has simplified the system architecture. Changes give an effect on cabinet size, number of cables, cyber-security, graphic user interfaces, and interfaces with other monitoring systems. The system installation and operation for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 will be more convenient than those for previous Korean nuclear units in view of its remote control capability, automated test functions, improved user interface functions, and much less cabling.

  10. The software testing of PPS for shin Ulchin nuclear power plant units 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kang, Dong Pa; Park, Cheol Lak; Cho, Chang Hui; Sohn, Se Do; Baek, Seung Min

    2012-01-01

    The testing of software (S/W) is the process of analyzing a software item to detect the differences between existing and required conditions to evaluate the features of the software items. This paper introduces the S/W testing of Plant Protection System (PPS), as a safety system which actuate Reactor Trip (RT) and Engineered Safety Features (ESF) for Shin Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 (SUN 1 and 2)

  11. Treatment efficiency of patients with shin fracture after intraosseous blocked osteosynthesis by using the load dispenser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. V. Sukhin

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of research: еvaluation of the effectiveness of the device for determining the value of the load on the lower extremity while walking in real time with controlling and signalization of excessive and insufficient load. Materials and methods. Еlaborated and applied device, that allows to determine the load magnitude on the lower extremity in real time, and also to signal about excessive or weak load. The sensory block with the insole and the sensor is located in shoes, under patient's heel, and the main block is fixed on the shin with the help of the strap. Current value of the load on the leg is registered in real time. Received data is recorded in non-volatile memory. The system provides an opportunity to notify patient or doctor by email about the presence of a strong or weak load on the lower extremity, and also about the absence of load for a long period. Results. We used the loading batcher in 38 patients with the shin bones fractures, who were on inpatient treatment at the traumatology and orthopedics center in Odessa in the period from 1.5 to 12 months. The main group included patients, who used the load batcher on the lower extremity in rehabilitation period (transversal fracture of the shin bones diaphysis – 9 patients, oblique fracture – 11 patients. The control group consisted of patients, who didn't use the load batcher (10 patients with oblique fracture of the shin bones in the middle third, 8 patients with transversal fracture of both shin bones in the middle third. As a result of applying the device we succeeded to reduce the fracture fusion period for two weeks and avoid such complications as contracture of joint and fracture non-union. Conclusions. The device allows patients with traumatic consequences reaching the optimal load in rehabilitation period, avoiding excessive load on the lower extremity. The elaboration provides an opportunity to determine the statistics of the load and its transfer to the server

  12. Cutset Quantification Error Evaluation for Shin-Kori 1 and 2 PSA model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choi, Jong Soo

    2009-01-01

    Probabilistic safety assessments (PSA) for nuclear power plants (NPPs) are based on the minimal cut set (MCS) quantification method. In PSAs, the risk and importance measures are computed from a cutset equation mainly by using approximations. The conservatism of the approximations is also a source of quantification uncertainty. In this paper, exact MCS quantification methods which are based on the 'sum of disjoint products (SDP)' logic and Inclusion-exclusion formula are applied and the conservatism of the MCS quantification results in Shin-Kori 1 and 2 PSA is evaluated

  13. Application of a Virtual Ovation System to the ShinKori-3 Simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Jin Hyuk; Lee, Myeong Soo; Chung, Kyung Hun

    2011-01-01

    The Ovation system for the Shin-Kori Unit 3 Simulator is essentially a non-redundant, repackaged subset of the actual plant I and C equipment, with additional interface computers (SimStations). This system also present in the simulator to provide communication between the plant model computer and the stimulated Ovation equipment. The stimulated Ovation equipment in the simulator system includes Operator HMI (Human- Machine Interface) equipment and Ovation virtual controllers hosted by Virtual Controller Host workstations, which are not present in the actual plant DCS system. The simulator for the Shin-Kori Unit 3 and 4 is being developed by Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power's Central Research Institute (KHNP CRI). One of the features of the simulator is its application of a virtual Ovation system capable of simulated functionalities such as run, freeze, snapshot, backtrack and others required by ANSI/ANS-3.5 in addition to the original functionality for the actual Ovation system applied at the plant. This is the first application of a virtual Ovation system to a full-scope simulator for a nuclear power plant in Korea. The purpose of this paper is to provide the overall architecture of the communication system between the virtual system and the simulator model and to describe the current situation of the development of the system and recent relevant studies

  14. The Life and Works of Han Shin Gwang : a Midwife and Nurse of Korean Modern Times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YI Ggodme

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Han Shin Gwang, born in an early Christian family in Korea in 1902, could get western education different from the ordinary Korean girls in that period. She participated in the 1919 Samil Independence Movement in her teens, and got nursing and midwifery education in a missionary hospital. She got a midwife license and worked as a member in an early mother-and-child health center. She organized 'Korean Nurses' Association' in 1924 and focused on public health movement as the chairwoman. She actively participated in women's movement organizations, and Gwangjoo Student's Movement. She was known to be a representative of leading working women, and wrote articles on woman's right, the needs and works of nurses and midwives. From late Japanese colonial period, she opened her own clinic and devoted herself to midwifery. After the Korean Liberation in 1945, she began political movement and went in for a senate election. During the Korean War, she founded a shelter for mothers and children in help. After the War, she reopened a midwifery clinic and devoted to the works of Korean Midwives' Association. Han Shin Gwang's life and works belong to the first generation of Korean working women in modern times. She actively participated in women's movement, nurses' and midwives professional movement, Korea liberation movement, and mother-and-child health movement for 60 years. Her life is truly exemplary as one of the first generation of working women in modern Korea, distinguished of devotion and calling.

  15. Analysis of Hydrogen Concentration Distribution during an SBO Accident for Shin-Ulchin APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jongtae; Hong, Seong Wan [Korea Atomic energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    To prohibit the accumulation of hydrogen, the containment volume is considered to reduce the hydrogen concentration, or hydrogen mitigation devices such as PARs or igniters are installed in the containment. In the case of the Fukushima NPPs, the applied strategy for the hydrogen safety is the use of a containment venting system (CVS). In this way, the hydrogen accumulated in the containment vessel is vented into the environment. One of the causes of the hydrogen explosions occurring in the containment buildings of the Fukushima NPPs is expected to be the failure of the venting system. The hydrogen was therefore easily accumulated in the containment building. It is uncertain what the ignition source for the hydrogen combustion was during the accident. However, it is not too conservative to assume that an ignition source exists at any time and any place in a containment during a core-melt accident. Shin-Ulchin 1 and 2, which are construction plants of an APR 1400, are two of the newest NPPs in Korea. They have many features to enhance the safety margin during a design-based and beyond-design-based accident. One of them is the in-containment refueling water storage tank (IRWST) located inside the containment. It is used as a sink/source for feed-bleed operation. When the core is damaged along an accident progression, the hydrogen generated in the RPV can be released into the IRWST of the APR1400 with steam and water. From a previous study, it was found that a highly concentrated hydrogen/air mixture can be developed if the hydrogen is released into the IRWST. In the case of Shin-Ulchin 1 and 2, the hydrogen mitigation strategy during a high-pressure accident such as a station blackout (SBO) is changed by installing a 3-way valve. When a severe accident management (SAM) for the plant is initiated, the flow path from a pressurizer to the IRWST is changed into a steam-generator (S/G) compartment by turning the 3-wat valve actively (pilot operated). By doing so, it is

  16. Survey on construction of the database for new energy technology development. Fuel cell; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Nenryo denchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    As a part of the data related to technological development of new energy, the database for fuel cells was prepared. The major international conferences held in fiscal 1996 were reviewed. As the atmosphere of the whole conference, phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) is in a stage just before practical use, and molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) is in a stage of the demonstration study of MW class one. The study on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) is in considerable progress. In particular, the application of PEFC to automobiles is in real investigation. For the database, kinds and features of various fuel cells, operation principles, system configurations of FC plants, application fields, and characteristics were arranged. Field test examples for public and industrial uses were separately arranged, and in particular, the application examples of PAFC were presented together with developmental conditions of the other fuel cells. Overseas situations were equal to domestic ones, and their marketability was predicted. The Japanese subsidy policy and some U.S. policies were also arranged. 28 refs., 51 figs., 37 tabs.

  17. R and D on new energy technologies. Outlines of fiscal 1976 research results; Shin energy gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1976 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi kamihanki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-07-01

    This report outlines the results of (1) 8 researches on solar energy technology, (2) 4 researches on hydrogen energy, and (3) 4 general researches. (1) includes the prototype measuring instrument of near IR solar direct radiation using an interference filter to measure solar spectral irradiance, the prototype small-scale solar heat power model system, selective absorption and transmission films as solar heat power generation materials, InP solar cell and new solar cell system configuration, micro-wave power transmission of solar energy, and the expansion turbine using low-boiling point coolant for space power generation. (2) includes the hydrogen energy system, high-temperature thermolysis of water at 1,000 degrees C, prototype zirconia single-crystals for new solid electrolyte fuel cells, and the large-capacity high- temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell power system. (3) includes the total new energy system, the prototype superconducting magnet for energy storage, study on mechanism of an anomalous absorption effect by irradiation of strong laser beam onto high-temperature high-density ionized gas, and low-temperature difference power generation in the ocean. (NEDO)

  18. New energy technology development related database construction survey (wind power generation); Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (furyoku hatsuden)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    To arrange systematic data relating to new energy, the latest published data relating to the wind energy conversion systems have been collected and arranged. For the overview of wind energy conversion system, wind turbines with horizontal axis and vertical axis, specification of wind turbine, and conceptual figure of wind energy conversion systems are illustrated. For the installation examples, introduction development of wind energy conversion systems in the world is described for Japan, the USA, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Sweden, India, and Belgium. For the relevant legislation and support plan, relevant legislation for the introduction of wind energy conversion in Japan, support plan in Japan, and support plans in foreign countries are described. Prices of wind turbines by wind turbine makers in the world, construction cost by Japanese makers, basic term, and subsidiary company and organization are shown

  19. Data book on new energy technology development in FY 1997. Photovoltaic (PV) power generation; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Taiyoko hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of understanding the present status of photovoltaic power system (PVPS) and supporting its promotion, various data were collected. The significance of adopting PV power technology was specified for customers of various levels, such as nation, local communities, industries and individual households, to clarify the CO2 reduction effect and energy pay-back time. Data illustrate the solar cell production according to region, cell types, industries, applications, production value, and market price. Policies for PVPS in industrial countries were compared with those in Japan. Distribution of PVPS in various countries was compared with that in Japan in respect to installations and purposes of the introduction of PVPS. Financial aid programs such as subsidies, tax benefits and loans for the installation of PVPS in Japan were listed. The trend of PV-related budget of MITI was shown with every project`s description. Steps of introducing PVPS from plan to installation were depicted in the form of flow chart. Were shown measures sponsored by the government or local organizations to promote PVPS. Domestic and foreign firms related to PVPS including PV module suppliers, and PV installation contractors were listed

  20. Survey for making a data book on the new energy technological development (photovoltaic power generation); Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (taiyoko hatsuden)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Data on the photovoltaic power generation are synthetically collected, systematized, and summarized as a data book on the photovoltaic power system. Main details are as follows: photovoltaic power systems were listed by usage, by size of power generation, and by authority concerned. Significance of adopting the photovoltaic system is stated at each level of each user of the country, local governments and individuals. As to the present situation of the solar cell market, solar cells were arranged in terms of production volume by region, production volume by type, production volume by company, shipment by usage, production amount, and price. With regard to policies of each country on the photovoltaic power system, those of advanced countries including Japan were summed up. Concerning the introduction of the system in each country, examples of the introduction were made clear, and at the same time the estimated volume of and the target for introduction of the photovoltaic power system were summarized. In respect to the subsidy system for the introduction of the photovoltaic power system, arranged were the subsidy system, the preferential tax system and the loan system.

  1. Investigation on preparing data collections related to new energy technology development. Fuel cells; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Nenryo denchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    With an objective to put data related to fuel cells systematically into order, related data were collected comprehensively. Reviewing large international conferences impresses dawn of commercialization in phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFC), take-off of megawatt-class molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC), and remarkable advancement in studies on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFC). The data collection may be compiled as follows: basic principles, features, operation principles, system configurations, utilization fields, and characteristics were summarized on fuel cell power generation systems using phosphoric acid, polymer, molten carbonate, solid oxide, and alkaline fuel cells; major installation examples in Japan and overseas countries were summarized; investigations were given on developing other fuel cells such as alkaline type and direct methanol type fuel cells; and marketability, subsidies operations in Japan, and states of policy implementation in the U.S.A. were investigated and put into order. 22 refs., 24 figs., 21 tabs.

  2. Survey on construction of the database for new energy technology development. Cogeneration; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    As a part of the activity promoting use of new energy, the data related to cogeneration were systematically compiled. For new energy technology, such various policies for introducing new energy are in promotion with a progress of technological development as preparation of subsidy systems, field test business, and support advisory business for introducing new energy. For further effective promotion, integral systematic compilation of various data, and arrangement as basic data are necessary. Such latest announced data in a cogeneration field were collected and compiled as outline of new energy systems, concrete applications, subsidy systems, and approaches to new energy of various countries. Main data items are as follows: trend of cogeneration, outline of system, domestic and foreign concrete applications, prediction data on the use of new energy, overview of domestic and foreign policies for cogeneration, basic terminology, and tables of main related enterprises and organizations. This database is useful for the present activities promoting use of new energy, and preparation of the future vision. 29 figs., 33 tabs.

  3. Data book on new energy technology development in FY 1997. Cogeneration; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Various policies are being implemented in the field of new energy technology in line with progress in technological development. Examples are about assistance mechanism, field test projects and advisory projects to support the introduction of new energy technology. In order to promote the introduction of new energy efficiently, it is necessary to compile the various information regarding new energy in a comprehensive and systematic way, and formulate a basic data set. Among various new energy technologies, cogeneration is discussed in this report. The latest published data on the respective technologies are compiled particularly regarding their overall systems, examples of introduction, assistance mechanisms and state of implementation in foreign countries. Items included in this report are the trend of cogeneration, outline of system, state of introduction, forecast of introduction, overview of policies, basic terms, and related organizations. 9 figs.

  4. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology. Cogeneration; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This is a report of 'A data book on cogeneration' surveyed by Japan Cogeneration Center under consignment from NEDO. Together with the advance of technology development, policies of new energy technology are being developed toward the introductory promotion in terms of preparation of subsidy system, field test project, advisory project for support of new energy introduction, etc. To promote the project for introducing/promoting new energy more effectively, it is necessary to arrange various data on new energy comprehensively/systematically and to prepare it as the basic data. Out of the technical fields of new energy, this report deals with the cogeneration field and collected/arranged the most up-to-date published data in terms mainly of a list of system, actual samples of introduction, subsidy system, situation of tackling it in each country, etc. The main items of data included in this report are shown below: (1) trend of cogeneration; (2) outline of system; (3) samples of introduction in Japan and abroad; (4) forecast of introduction; (5) policies on cogeneration in Japan; (6) basic technical terms. (NEDO)

  5. Data book on new energy technology development in FY 1997. Fuel cells; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Nenryo denchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this survey is to grasp the trends of technology development of fuel cells and their market, and to provide data required for supporting the introduction and diffusion of fuel cells. This report consists of Part 1 titled as `Trends of development of fuel cells in FY 1997`, and Part 2 titled as `Compiled data`. The Part 1 consists of three chapters, i.e., Chapter 1 titled as `Introduction`, Chapter 2 as `Development trends of fuel cells for on-site power generation`, and Chapter 3 as `Trends of development of fuel cells for mobile objects and fuel cell-powered vehicles`. The introductory chapter not only outlines the development trends but also describes the results of the 5th Grove Fuel Cell Symposium noticed as the major global international symposium on fuel cell in general and the environmental problems discussed at the COP3 Kyoto Conference, both held in TY 1997. The Part 2 contains the principles, system configurations and applications of fuel cells, PAFC, MCFC, SOFC, PEFC, modifier, DMFC, development trend of fuel cell-powered vehicles, and national policies for fuel cells in Japan. The Appendix features a report of the new technique investigation working group and information on fuel cells from newspapers. 100 refs., 4 figs.

  6. Data book on new energy technology development in FY 1997. Installations of photovoltaic (PV) power generation; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Taiyoko hatsuden jireishu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The present survey places particular emphasis on the field of PV power generation systems, and intends to collect data on solar cell application products and PV power generation system installation cases, to classify them according to their usage and to compile a collection of case records including photographs. For the data collection, two formats have been adopted. A format for the solar cell-based products includes a picture of the product, and information on solar cell output and commercialization status. Another format for the installation of PV power systems includes a picture of the installation, and information on location, output level, system type, PV module type, owner, and date of installation. The application of solar cells was classified into 14 fields, i.e., consumer appliances, road and traffic, railroad, general industries, housing related, automobiles, agriculture, ocean development, disaster prevention and safety, amenity, developing countries, buildings, public facilities, and environment. A total of 241 valid cases have been collected. Overseas products and installation cases are often characterized by new applications and innovative design, and contain a lot of useful suggestions for promoting the spread of PV technology in Japan

  7. Data book on new energy technology in FY 1997. Wind power generation; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Furyoku hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    It is an urgent necessity for Japan to promote the technological development and accelerate the introduction and diffusion of new energy. In order to diffuse and enlighten the introduction of new energy technology efficiently, it is necessary to compile various information regarding new energy in a comprehensive and systematic way, and formulate a database. Aiming at the systematic formulation of data on new energy, this survey focuses on the field of wind power generation system (WPS) and provides a collection of the latest published data on WPS, particularly regarding the worldwide installed wind power capacity, support plan and government policies, current situations of WPS market, and major technical characteristics of typical wind turbines. This report consists of the significance of wind energy, world market of wind turbines, government policies, international wind energy development, subsidies for wind energy, procedures of wind turbine system installation, governmental measures for wind energy development, subsidiary companies and organizations, basis of wind energy, and Japan`s wind energy development in 1997

  8. THE METHOD OF PNEUMATIC IMITATION OF WEIGHT-BEARING IN CHILDREN WITH SHIN FRACTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Yu. Serova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article contains a comparative analysis of shin fracture treatment in 102 children at the age of 4–18 years old. The main group consisted of 51 (50% children, who received postoperative treatment according to the method of pneumatic imitation of weightbearing both on health and injured limbs with «Korvit» apparatus. The control group consisted of 51 (50% patients who did not received the afore-mentioned method of postoperative treatment. The groups were comparable on age, trauma mechanism and localization, surgical operation and complex postoperative therapy. Children of the first group were found to have shorter period of time needed to achievement of pain relief, soft tissue swelling decrease, restoration of the movements in adjacent joints and somatometry values normalization, which allowed earlier verticalization and shorter period of hospitalization.

  9. The soleus syndrome. A cause of medial tibial stress (shin splints).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, R H; Holder, L E

    1985-01-01

    Radionuclide bone scans have demonstrated linear uptake along the posterior medial border of the tibia in patients with shin splints. This area was investigated by anatomical dissection (14 human cadavers), electromyographic (EMG) and muscle stimulation studies (10 patients), and open biopsy (1 patient). Histologically, the increased metabolic activity manifested on the radionuclide scan is due to a periostitis with new bone formation. The soleus muscle and its investing fascia are anatomically and biomechanically implicated in the production of these stress changes, particularly when the heel is in the pronated position. The soleus muscle and fascia form a tough "soleus bridge" over the deep compartment which is thought to be important in patients requiring surgical decompression.

  10. Bone tissue density modification in treatment of shin pseudoarthrosis by transosseous compressive osteosynthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tishkov N.V.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective is to detect bone mineral density along the shin according to «Esperanto» levels by Hounsfield's scale. Materials and methods. The analysis of density modification in 25 patients with pseudoarthrosis of tibia with predominant localization in a lower one-third of bone has been carried out. Results. By means of computed tomography it has been revealed that the bone tissue density of the tibia in the process of false joint union when using the compressive variant of combined transosseous osteosynthesis has changed according to the regularity reproducing phase character of the accumulation of mineral substances in the bone. Conclution. The growth of mineral density of the bone tissue during treatment spreads in the directions from proximal and distal metaepiphyses to the zone of pseudoarthrosis knitting

  11. Report on technological achievements in fiscal 1999. Institutions for research and development of new environmental industry creating type technologies (Development of hybrid construction machines); 1999 nendo shinki kankyo sangyo soshutsugata gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido seika hokokusho. Hybrid kensetsu kiki no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Energy efficiency of construction machines is extremely low, because engines cannot follow sudden load changes. Solution is sought by developing a construction machine using as the motive force source a hybrid unit composed of an engine, a generator and batteries. The activities were advanced in the following five fields: (1) analysis on loads on existing construction machines, (2) development of hybrid move force unit, (3) development of an actuator device, (4) development of a control system, and (5) development of a hybrid construction machine simulating system. In Item (1), a control work on a 6-ton class hydraulic shovel was selected as a representative work, whereas the work was divided into seven modes to measure such output characteristics as fuel consumption and actuator output in each work, and the standard work load modes were established. In Item (2), motive force in the set load modes was measured to discover functional requirements on the motive force unit. In Item (5), the simulation model for the existing machines was used to evaluate the fuel consumption performance of the motive force unit. (NEDO)

  12. Report on technological achievements in fiscal 1999. Institutions for research and development of new environmental industry creating type technologies (Development of harmful substance reducing device for incineration furnaces using high-efficiency power pulse technology); 1999 nendo shinki kankyo sangyo soshutsugata kenkyu kaihatsu seido seika hokokusho. Kokoritsu pulse power gijutsu wo mochiita shokyakuroyo yugai busshitsu sakugen sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Development has been proceeded on a harmful substance (SOx, NOx, Dioxine, etc.) reducing device for incineration furnaces that can be installed retroactively to existing incineration facilities, using high-efficiency power pulse technology of energy saving type, and discharge in honeycomb ceramics. The developmental activities were advanced by dividing them into researches on (1) research of gas decomposing devices, (2) research of pulse plasma electric power source, and (3) research of SI thyristor for pulse. In the research (1), a pulse plasma experiment and a gas decomposing experiment were performed. In the former experiment, discussions were given on effects of discharge electrode structure on discharge in the honeycomb ceramics, wherein it was made clear that employing the mesh-comb type electrode structure can realize discharge along the ceramics surface. In the latter experiment, it was revealed that the simulated gas (dibenzofuran) can be decomposed to 90% by using a coaxial cylindrical reaction device. In the research (2), studies were performed on increasing voltage and current in the device, as well as on semiconductor driving circuits. In the research (3), studies were made on the high-quality gate zone forming method and the quality conduction zone forming method. (NEDO)

  13. PORNOGRAFI DALAM SERIAL ANIME ANAK (ANALISIS SEMIOTIKA DALAM SERIAL CRAYON SHIN CHAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Sangidun

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Crayon Shin Chan, a Japanese two-dimension animation series broadcast in one of private Indonesian TVs, is categorized into child’s program since it is broadcast at child’s prime time, Sunday 08.30 a.m. In spite of its broadcast time, this series consist of symbols directed not for children, such as some acts that are not appropriate to be done by children, especially in Indonesia. Moreover, adult symbols of sex are also found in the program. For this reason it will be interesting to analyze it using semiotic analysis. Semiotics is the study of symbol and its meaning which its principle concept is that both signifier and signified consist of symbols and are related to denotation and connotation.   Crayon Shin Chan merupakan serial animasi dua dimensi yang tayang di salah satu stasiun televisi swasta di Indonesia. Ini merupakan produk animasi 2 dimensi yang diimpor dari Jepang. Di Indonesia, serial ini masuk dalam kategori acara anak. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari jam penayangannya yang merupakan waktu prime time bagi anak, yakni pada hari minggu pukul 08.30. Akan tetapi, pada serial ini banyak simbol-simbol yang mengarah pada tayangan yang bukan untuk anak-anak, yakni adeganadegan yang tidak pantas dilakukan oleh anak khususnya di Indonesia. Serta adanya pula simbol-simbol yang mengarah pada tayangan berbau dewasa. Tentu akan menarik jika tayangan ini diteliti menggunakan analisis semiotika. Semiotika sendiri merupakan kajian ilmu mengenai tanda dan makna. Yang pada prinsipnya, konsep penting seperti penanda (signifier dan petanda (signified sama-sama terdiri dari tanda dan terkait dengan denotasi dan konotasi.

  14. Evaluation of SPACE code for simulation of inadvertent opening of spray valve in Shin Kori unit 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Seyun; Youn, Bumsoo

    2013-01-01

    SPACE code is expected to be applied to the safety analysis for LOCA (Loss of Coolant Accident) and Non-LOCA scenarios. SPACE code solves two-fluid, three-field governing equations and programmed with C++ computer language using object-oriented concepts. To evaluate the analysis capability for the transient phenomena in the actual nuclear power plant, an inadvertent opening of spray valve in startup test phase of Shin Kori unit 1 was simulated with SPACE code. To evaluate the analysis capability for the transient phenomena in the actual nuclear power plant, an inadvertent opening of spray valve in startup test phase of Shin Kori unit 1 was simulated with SPACE code

  15. Fiscal 1997 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1997 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `Chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level, the R and D was conducted of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology, ultra high accuracy shading system technology, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technology, ultra high tech cleaning basic technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. This R and D is a greatly influential basic research in the whole industrial field, and therefore, it is necessary that researchers standing foremost in each field of industry/university/government join the project and that various R and D infrastructures are made the most of. For this, the concentrated joint research method and the dispersed joint research method are combined, and the R and D is being conduced by equal partnership of each researcher. 421 refs., 823 figs., 91 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Development of nucleation control technology for new functional alloy creation and development of new process; 2000 nendo kinosei shingokin sosei no tame no kaku seisei seigyo gijutsu kaihatsu oyobi shin process kaihatsu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the above-said purposes, studies were conducted involving the construction of a database on supercooling and nucleation and on alloy species and functionality. Composition, concentration, supercooling method, container, atmosphere, maximum degree of supercooling, cooling rate, and the contents of the study to be made were investigated in the study of items for databasing. Also, in an experiment dealing with alloy species remaining to be exploited, the coagulation of drop size GaSb alloy was investigated. In the study of the formation of a quasi-stable phase in functional alloy, it was demonstrated that a nonequilibrium or quasi-stable phase might be quantitatively formed by use of a containerless process. In the study of texture control, texture fining by causing flowability was particularly investigated, and it was suggested that not only nucleation but also growth to follow should be properly controlled for the fining of coagulated texture. In the study of simulation of texture prediction, construction of a database on practical alloy nucleation frequency and stochastic simulation of coagulated texture to be built on this database were taken up. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1996 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1996 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level which is a basic technology in the electronic information field, a key to the realization of the high grade information society and a common technology base giving marked influences to the wide range industrial field, the R and D was started of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology to draw pictures on metal and crystal surfaces using ultra short wavelength laser beams, shading system technology of shading mask to be used to the process of drawing ultra high accuracy and complicated figures, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technologies which become the base of ultra thin films and ultra fine etching using plasma, ultra high tech cleaning base technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. 137 refs., 358 figs., 38 tabs.

  18. System and Software Design for the Plant Protection System for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hwang, In Seok; Kim, Young Geul; Choi, Woong Seock; Sohn, Se Do

    2015-01-01

    The Reactor Protection System(RPS) protects the core fuel design limits and reactor coolant system pressure boundary for Anticipated Operational Occurrences (AOOs), and provides assistance in mitigating the consequences of Postulated Accidents (PAs). The ESFAS sends the initiation signals to Engineered Safety Feature - Component Control System (ESF-CCS) to mitigate consequences of design basis events. The Common Q platform Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) was used for Shin-Wolsung Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 and Shin-Kori Nuclear Power Plant Units 1, 2, 3 and 4 since Digital Plant Protection System (DPPS) based on Common Q PLC was applied for Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant Units 5 and 6. The PPS for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 (SHN 1 and 2) was developed using POSAFE-Q PLC for the first time for the PPS. The SHN1 and 2 PPS was delivered to the sites after completion of Man Machine Interface System Integrated System Test (MMIS-IST). The SHN1 and 2 PPS was developed to have the redundancy in each channel and to use the benefits of POSAFE-Q PLC, such as diagnostic and data communication. The PPS application software was developed using ISODE to minimize development time and human errors, and to improve software quality, productivity, and reusability

  19. System and Software Design for the Plant Protection System for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, In Seok; Kim, Young Geul; Choi, Woong Seock; Sohn, Se Do [KEPCO EnC, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The Reactor Protection System(RPS) protects the core fuel design limits and reactor coolant system pressure boundary for Anticipated Operational Occurrences (AOOs), and provides assistance in mitigating the consequences of Postulated Accidents (PAs). The ESFAS sends the initiation signals to Engineered Safety Feature - Component Control System (ESF-CCS) to mitigate consequences of design basis events. The Common Q platform Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) was used for Shin-Wolsung Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 and Shin-Kori Nuclear Power Plant Units 1, 2, 3 and 4 since Digital Plant Protection System (DPPS) based on Common Q PLC was applied for Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant Units 5 and 6. The PPS for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 (SHN 1 and 2) was developed using POSAFE-Q PLC for the first time for the PPS. The SHN1 and 2 PPS was delivered to the sites after completion of Man Machine Interface System Integrated System Test (MMIS-IST). The SHN1 and 2 PPS was developed to have the redundancy in each channel and to use the benefits of POSAFE-Q PLC, such as diagnostic and data communication. The PPS application software was developed using ISODE to minimize development time and human errors, and to improve software quality, productivity, and reusability.

  20. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of new software structuring models (R and D of micromachine cooperative control use software); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Shin software kozoka model no kenkyu kaihatsu (bisho kikai kyocho seigyoyo software no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A R and D was conducted of software structuring models which ease the development and maintenance of software systems and meet diversification of needs. As for the study of the cooperative control use programming language, a R and D of agent oriented language Flage was carried out for expansion of language function, arrangement of network function, development of exercises, etc. As to the formulation of agent knowledge, proposed were processes to make a program from the specifications, and EVA, a mechanism in response to changes in the specifications of existing programs. In relation to the basic theory of cooperation system, a study was made mainly of object oriented attribute grammar OOAG as a model representing cooperative computation in software process as a rule group. Concerning the study of the situation recognition mechanism, researched were models of communication and reasoning among agents in cooperation. 187 refs., 107 figs., 23 tabs.

  1. Book Review ~ Advancing Online Learning in Asia. Editors: David Murphy, Namin Shin, and Weiyuan Zhang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Insung Jung

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The Internet, high-speed electronic communications, and computers have transformed the way we teach and learn. With the development of these new information and communication technologies, the idea of online education has been adopted in many developed, and more recently in developing countries, to bring wider opportunities to people in the form of increased access to flexible and interactive, open and distance learning systems. As stated in the Introduction of “Advancing Online Learning in Asia” edited by Murphy, Shin, and Zhang, online education is now everywhere and it “is changing the ways in which educational institutions interact with their students, for both traditional and distance education universities.” By examining recent developments of online education in Asia from multiple perspectives, this book has a potential to be an invaluable resource to educators. Taking cases from the Asian region in which online learning was introduced, implemented, and experienced, this book presents the cases from a number of perspectives, especially from student perspectives, and addresses pedagogical and technical issues faced by online educators. The breadth of the articles in this book provides a wide range of online learning cases and varied perspectives, which should clearly appeal to educators, researchers, administrators, and policy makers in online education.

  2. K-Ar chronological study of the quaternary volcanic activity in Shin-etsu Highland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaneko, Takayuki; Shimizu, Satoshi; Itaya, Tetsumaru.

    1989-01-01

    In order to clarify the temporal and spatial patterns in arc volcanism, 55 K-Ar ages of volcanic rocks from 17 volcanoes in Shin-etsu Highland, central Japan were determined. In addition, life spans, volume of erupted materials and eruption rates of each volcano were estimated. Graphical analysis demonstrates that volume of ejecta varies proportionately with both life span and eruption rate, and that there is no significant correlation between eruption rate and distance from the volcanic front. The life span of each volcano in this Highland is less than 0.6 m.y. In the central Shiga and southern Asama area, the volcanism started at 1 Ma and is still active. However the former had a peak in the activity at around 0.5 Ma, while the latter is apparently most intense at present. Northern Kenashi area has the volcanism without peak in 1.7 - 0.2 Ma, though the activity within a volcanic cluster or chain in central Japan lasts generally for 1 m.y. or less with a peak. (author)

  3. Silurian to Devonian magmatism, molybdenite mineralization, regional exhumation and brittle strike-slip deformation along the Loch Shin Line, NW Scotland

    OpenAIRE

    Holdsworth, R.; Dempsey, E.; Selby, D.; Darling, James Richard; Feely, M.; Costanzo, A.; Strachan, Robin A; Waters, P.; Finlay, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    The Loch Shin Line is a geological–geophysical lineament associated with a zone of mantle-derived appinites, granites and strike-slip faulting that runs NW–SE across the Moine Nappe, northern Scotland. U–Pb zircon and Re–Os molybdenite dating of the Loch Shin and Grudie plutons, which lie immediately SW of the NW–SE Loch Shin–Strath Fleet fault system, yield c. 427–430 Ma ages that overlap within error. They also coincide with previously obtained U–Pb zircon ages for the Rogart pluton, which ...

  4. Research report of FY 1997 on the industrial science and technology development. Technology development of super-metal (technology development of nano-amorphous structural control materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku seika hokokusho. Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (nano-amorphous kozo seigyo zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research and development of the innovative metals have been conducted, by which the weight reduction of members can be done by drastically improving the strength compared with conventional metals. For the high-rate cluster deposition and super plastic forming technologies, research and development of aluminum-based light-weight materials have been conducted, which provides excellent strength, toughness, and super plastic formability at room temperature. For the high-density energy utilization and control technology (amorphous-A), super-metals have been investigated as high dew point and corrosion resistance materials used for waste incinerators operated under the very severe conditions. These are expected to be applied to the apparatuses and equipment due to their excellent properties. For the controlled cooling technology (amorphous-B), super-metals with excellent soft magnetic characteristics and degree of shape freedom have been investigated for high performance and high efficiency devices including electric/electronic/communication devices, power transmission devices, and various industrial devices and parts. These are expected to contribute to the creation of new markets and the improvement of international competitive force. 123 refs., 160 figs., 33 tabs.

  5. FY 1997 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on technology development of utilization of biological resources such as bioconsortia (development of analytical techniques of bioconsortia); 1997 nendo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu (fukugo seibutsukei kaiseki gijutsu no kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Bioconsortia are microbial composites composing of more than two kinds of microorganisms with special functions. To utilize their advanced functions, some techniques have been developed for analyzing their functions and interactions, and for identification, separation and incubation of the constituent microbial groups. In FY 1997, an investigation was made on technology trends, domestic researchers, and research topics related to bioconsortia. To manage and promote the progress of research at the National Institute of Bioscience and Human-Technology where the centralized management of this project is conducted, meetings are held once a month to examine the progress at the institute, in which reports are made and discussions are held on how each research item is progressing. In addition, meetings of the committee to promote research are held every other month to consider and examine measures required for promoting the research. Re-entrustment of research has been made on two subjects, i.e., `Studies on biological significance of symbiotic microorganisms` by Prof. Ishikawa of the University of Tokyo, and `Study on the relationship between the biosynthesis of useful terpenic materials of plant origin and the differentiation of plant tissues, and their effective production by plant cell cultures` by Prof. Inoue of Gifu Pharmaceutical University. 27 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Fiscal 1997 report on the R and D result of industrial science and technology. R and D on super metal (R and D on innovative raw metal materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku seika hokokusho. Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (kakushinteki kinzoku sokei zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Study was made on the applicability of mechanical milling (MM) and mechanical alloying (MA) to Fe system alloys. Metastable austenitic stainless steels such as SUS316L and SUS304L form {alpha} phases by strain induced transformation due to MM, and are subjected to further plastic deformation. Nano-size fine structure was obtained through inverse transformation into austenite({gamma}) by heat treatment or high-temperature sintering of MM powder. Fine microduplex structure of 620nm in average crystal grain size was obtained for SUS316L. This material showed nearly 3.3 times higher 0.2% tensile proof stress, nearly 1.8 times higher tensile strength, and 35% higher elongation than conventional ingot steels. Solid solution powder of 12Cr-Mo-W ferritic steel was sintered by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) under low- temperature and ultrahigh-pressure conditions of 650degC and 588MPa. The as-HIP`ed sample and sample annealed at 800degC showed average {alpha} grain sizes of 33 and 50nm, respectively, and a strength twice as high as that of 12Cr steel. 97 refs., 60 figs., 18 tabs.

  7. FY 1996 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on R/D of organosilicon polymers; 1996 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Organosilicon polymers are highly innovative materials having high performance and novel functions, and they can be widely applied. The purpose of this study is to establish fundamental techniques for molecular design, synthesis, material processing and evaluation of organosilicon polymers having excellent electro- and photo-functions, and advanced heat-proof, fire-proof and mechanical properties. This R/D includes (1) R/D of electrical conducting materials by organosilicon polymers, (2) R/D of novel organosilicon polymers applicable to direct lithography, (3) R/D of new silicon-based polymer materials with electro-luminous function, and (4) R/D of silicon-based polymers for new photoconductive materials. In (1), synthesis of highly conjugated polymers is investigated. In (2), novel organosilicon polymeric materials have been developed, which would be applicable to direct lithography of electronic circuits, and which could contribute to simplification of the circuit formation process. In (3), the research aims at development of new silicon-based polymer materials with luminescent function which can be applied to the large size electro-luminescent display devices. In (4), new materials with visible light absorption have been synthesized through the molecular design and synthesis. The photo-carrier generation was observed. 107 refs., 86 figs., 23 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). The R and D aims at establishment of observation/manipulation technology of atoms and molecules as common basic technology in various industrial fields such as new material, electronics, bio-technology and chemistry. The R and D thus aims at establishment of observation/manipulation of solid surfaces and DNA organic molecules, formation of fine structures of atomic surface arrangement, and calculation/ simulation for predicting a reaction theorem of atom and molecule surfaces. In fiscal 1997, research was made on improvement and development of computer simulation environment, and description of an excited state of electrons by Green function. Establishment of a construction method and computation code is under investigation for pseudo- potential dependent on excitation energy. Survey was made on research trends of the atom technology by visiting overseas academic societies and institutions. International Symposium on Atom Technology was also held in Tokyo in Nov. 1997

  9. FY 1997 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on R/D of organosilicon polymers; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to establish fundamental techniques for molecular design, synthesis, material processing and evaluation of organosilicon polymers having excellent electro- and photo-functions, and advanced heat-proof, fire-proof and mechanical properties. This R/D includes (1) R/D of electrical conducting materials by organosilicon polymers, (2) R/D of novel organosilicon polymers applicable to direct lithography, (3) R/D of new silicon-based polymer materials with electro-luminous function, and (4) R/D of silicon-based polymers for new photoconductive materials. In (1), synthesis method of regular polymers with a 3-D structure was developed. Non-volatile dopants were developed, and structures of polymer-dopant composites could be controlled. In (2), precise control of conductivity was examined. Material processing and evaluation techniques were also examined through stabilization of polysilane thin films, optimization of pattern forming conditions, and precision of patterns. In (3), new silicon-based polymers have been synthesized. In (4), two kinds of polymers have been synthesized for development of materials with high photo-carrier generation efficiency and high mobility. 72 refs., 71 figs., 22 tabs.

  10. Report on the FY 1999 survey for making a data book related to new energy technology development. Trends of solar energy utilization, waste power generation, clean energy vehicle, geothermal power generation, clean coal technology, other new energy technology and new energy technology development; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Taiyonetsu riyo, haikibutsu hatsuden, clean energy jidosha, chinetsu hatsuden, clean coal technology, sonota no shin energy gijutsu, shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kanren doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper collected/arranged the most up-to-date data made public in the new energy technology field. As to the solar energy utilization, the utilization is on the decrease with the beginning of the 1980s as a peak, and the solar systems introduced in FY 1998 totaled 15,000 and the water heaters 56,000. The waste power generation is showing a steady growth both in the general use and in the industrial use, and the introduction of 5 million KW is expected for FY 2010. The sale of the hybrid car started at the end of 1997, and the subjects are the price/performance/fuel supply system. Concerning the geothermal power generation, 497,000 KW and 36,000 KW were introduced for business use and non-utility use, respectively. Japan ranks sixth among nations of the world. Relating to the coal liquefaction, the pilot plant (PP) of Japan's original bituminous coal liquefaction NEDOL process finished operation in 1998, and the construction of technology package, international cooperation, etc. are being conducted. About the coal gasification, the construction of demonstrative equipment and operation are planned during FY 2002 - FY 2007, making use of the PP achievements of IGCC. In regard to the biomass-based waste power generation, the lignocellulose system is large in potential quantity. As to the hydrogen energy, the WE-NET project entered Period II. With respect to the ocean thermal energy conversion, the demonstrative study started. In relation to the wave power generation, a small size of approximately several hundred W was commercialized. (NEDO)

  11. Single-dose Toxicity of ShinYangHur Herbal Acupuncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunhye Cha

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was carried out to analyze the single-dose toxicity of ShinYangHur (SYH herbal acupuncture injected into the muscles of Sprague-Dawley (SD rats. Methods: The SYH herbal acupuncture was made in a clean room at the Korean Pharmacopuncture Institute (KPI, Korea-Good Manufacturing Practice, K-GMP. After the mixing process with sterile distilled water, the pH was controlled to between 7.0 and 7.5. Then, NaCl was added to make a 0.9% isotonic solution by using sterilized equipment. All experiments were conducted at Biotoxtech, an institution authorized to perform non clinical studies under the regulations of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP. SD rats were chosen for the pilot study. Doses of SYH herbal acupuncture, 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 mL, were administered to the experimental groups, and a dose of normal saline solution, 1.0 mL, was administered to the control group. This study was conducted under the approval of the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee. Results: No deaths or abnormalities occurred in any of the four groups. No significant changes in weight, hematological parameters or clinical chemistry between the control group and the experimental groups were observed. To check for abnormalities in organs and tissues, we used microscopy was used to examine representative histological sections of each specified organ; the results showed no significant differences in any of the organs or tissues. Conclusion: The above outcomes suggest that treatment with SYH herbal acupuncture is relatively safe. Further studies on this subject are needed to yield more concrete evidence.

  12. Comparison of the Radionuclides Dispersion at the UAE Barakah Site with that at the ROK Shin-Kori Site - Comparison of the radionuclides dispersion in Barakah site with that in Shin-Kori site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung-yeop; Lee, Kun Jai; Chang, Soon Heung [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Beeley, Philip A. [Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research, P.O. Box 127788, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)

    2014-07-01

    In order to understand the characteristics of atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the desert environment of Barakah site in UAE, comparison research with the results of other environments could be an appropriate way to facilitate it. Shin-Kori site is the proper comparison target because same reactor type of APR1400 with that in Barakah site is under construction. Hypothetical accident scenario was considered and accident source term which had been developed in previous research has been applied as releasing source. After reviewing several computation codes, ADMS5 has been selected as an atmospheric dispersion modeling tool which is installing advanced Gaussian plum model and plentiful options. The climate data of both Barakah and Shin-Kori were acquired and the environments of both sites have been simulated considering wind speed, wind direction, temperature, humidity, ground surface roughness and etc. Near field final human doses on the maps have been schematised regarding statistical meteorological data of both sites and dose conversion factors from the publications of ICRP and federal guidance report of EPA. The results of this research are expected to enhance the understanding about differences between two environments which have same reactor type and to improve the comprehension of desert environment of Barakah site as well. Applying different dose conversion factors to Barakah site considering the desert biosphere could be further study to obtain more accurate results. (authors)

  13. A study on Requirements of Data Base Translator for APR1400 Computerized Procedure System at Shin-Hanul unit 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seong, Nokyu; Lee, Sungjin

    2015-01-01

    The CPS is one of the Man Machine Interface (MMI) resources and the CPS can directly display plant graphic objects which are in the Digital Control System (DCS). And the CPS can send a request to DCS to provide DCS screen which is called step support display through DCS link button on a computerized procedure. The procedure writers can insert DCS graphic information to computerized procedure through data base which is provided by CPS Editing System (CPSES). The data base which is provided by CPSES conforms to the naming rule of DCS graphic objects. The naming rule of DCS graphic objects is defined by vendor thus status of DCS graphic objects which are in computerized procedure at Shin-Kori plant cannot be displayed on CPS at Shin-Hanul plant. To use computerized procedure which is written by other plant procedure writer, DCS graphic objects shall be translated by its plant data base. This paper introduces requirements of data base translator to reduce translation and re-inserting graphic objects burden. This paper introduces the requirements of data base translator of CPSES for APR1400 CPS at Shin-Hanul unit 1 and 2. The translator algorithms shall be tested to update data base of CPSES effectively. The prototype of translator is implemented and is being tested using real plant DB. This translator can be applied to Shin- Hanul unit1 and 2 through software V and V

  14. A study on Requirements of Data Base Translator for APR1400 Computerized Procedure System at Shin-Hanul unit 1 and 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seong, Nokyu; Lee, Sungjin [KHNP, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    The CPS is one of the Man Machine Interface (MMI) resources and the CPS can directly display plant graphic objects which are in the Digital Control System (DCS). And the CPS can send a request to DCS to provide DCS screen which is called step support display through DCS link button on a computerized procedure. The procedure writers can insert DCS graphic information to computerized procedure through data base which is provided by CPS Editing System (CPSES). The data base which is provided by CPSES conforms to the naming rule of DCS graphic objects. The naming rule of DCS graphic objects is defined by vendor thus status of DCS graphic objects which are in computerized procedure at Shin-Kori plant cannot be displayed on CPS at Shin-Hanul plant. To use computerized procedure which is written by other plant procedure writer, DCS graphic objects shall be translated by its plant data base. This paper introduces requirements of data base translator to reduce translation and re-inserting graphic objects burden. This paper introduces the requirements of data base translator of CPSES for APR1400 CPS at Shin-Hanul unit 1 and 2. The translator algorithms shall be tested to update data base of CPSES effectively. The prototype of translator is implemented and is being tested using real plant DB. This translator can be applied to Shin- Hanul unit1 and 2 through software V and V.

  15. Safety Evaluation of Full Digital Plant Protection System of Shin-Kori 3 and 4 in Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koh, J. S.; Kim, D. I.; Jeong, C. H.; Park, H. S.; Ji, S. H.; Kang, Y. D.; Park, G. Y.

    2009-01-01

    Keeping pace with the emerging trend of digital computer technologies, KHNP has utilized full digital plant protection system into the design of I and C systems at SKN 3 and 4. This paper presents safety review activities and results related to digital plant protection systems during the licensing of construction permit for the Shin-Kori 3 and 4(SKN 3 and 4) in Korea. The major licensing issues regarding the digital systems were software quality and cyber security during planning stage, system integrity with fail-safe design, EMI equipment qualification of digital systems, FPGA qualification and communication independence between safety and non-safety System. This paper addresses our approach to evaluate full digital protection systems with revised safety review guidelines and the resulting discussion to resolve the licensing issues

  16. Project Experience of MMIS for Shin-Hanul units 1 and 2 (Component Design, Manufacturing and Testing)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koo, Seo-ryong; Kim, Kook-hun [Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co. Ltd., Hwaseong (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    Doosan is uniquely positioned in the field of nuclear power plant in the world-wide. Doosan has secured the first step to nuclear technology field through the development of the nuclear power plant (NPP) man machine interface system (MMIS), which is one of the three major core technologies of non-independence. In the nuclear power plant, MMIS takes a function as the brain and nerve system in the human body. Korean MMIS was selected for the Shin-Hanul units 1 and 2 for the first time and Doosan is charge of a component design and equipment supply. At the end of successful completion of MMIS for Shin-Hanul units 1 and 2, Doosan will be a total provider of the MMIS from development, validation, and manufacturing to delivery in Korea. Man Machine Interface System (MMIS) is equivalent to the brain and nerve system of a nuclear power plant. It monitors and controls the operating conditions to prevent accidents proactively. Doosan achieved a complete development of MMIS which is core part of nuclear technology that was relied on oversea's companies in the past by an accomplishment of RnD in cooperation with domestic utility, KHNP and research institutions. Doosan's MMIS is very user-friendly, easy to understand, transparent to audits, and guarantees maximum reliability, availability, maintainability, and safety. Doosan proved safety and reliability through test and inspection of integrated function of nuclear safety and non-safety control system. Doosan MMIS was evaluated a one of the best system through IAEA IERIC's review via safety guide from IAEA specialist's group in 2010. Doosan also achieved the improvements of quality through the KINS audits in 2014.

  17. "Shin splint" syndrome and tibial stress fracture in the same patient diagnosed by means of (99m)Tc-HMDP SPECT/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicente, Justo Serrano; Grande, Maria Luz Domínguez; Torre, Jose Rafael Infante; Madrid, Juan Ignacio Rayo; Barquero, Carmen Durán; Bernardo, Lucía García; Sánchez, Román Sánchez

    2013-04-01

    We show a patient who presented leg pain triggered by intense exercise. The most likely diagnosis was a possible tibial stress fracture or a "shin splint" syndrome (soleus enthesopathy). We performed a bone scintigraphy including SPECT/CT that revealed the presence of the two concomitant pathologies. SPECT/CT identified the hot spot superimposed with bone lesion in the tibial stress fracture and only remodeling activity without evidence of cortical lesions in the enthesopathy processes.

  18. Fiscal 1996 result reports of the researches under consignment from NEDO. Developments of fuel cell technology, polymer electrolyte fuel cell, fuel cell power generation system technology, and high-voltage type several tens kW class distributed power source system; Shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko itaku gyomu 1996 nendo seika hokokusho. Nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu, kotai kobunshigata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu, hatsuden system gijutsu kaihatsu, koden`atsugata suju kW kyu bunsan dengen system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This paper precisely reports the research result on development of fuel cell technology in fiscal 1996. On verification of cell durability, the cell test result in hydrogen including CO of 100ppm using Pt-Ru catalyst as CO resistant catalyst showed that the loss percent of cell voltage decreases with an increase in Ru content. On development of stack technology, the carbon humidification plate superior in chemical stability was developed as one of the parts for layered stacks. The separator with a water- permeable carbon plate and serpentine flow fields was fabricated for highly layered stacks, and achieved the target performance in single cell power generation test. On establishment of design basis for compact fuel processor, the bench-scale test was conducted of Ru/{gamma}-Al2O3 and Pt-Ru/{gamma}-Al2O3 catalysts as advanced CO selective oxidation catalyst for CO reducers. On demonstration test for the several tens kW class stationary power plant, the system configuration of power generation plants using natural gas as fuel was studied. 106 figs., 38 tabs.

  19. Report on survey for fiscal 1997. Survey concerning the effective use of the products of Industrial and Scientific Technologies Research and Development System; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido no seika no katsuyo ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This survey aims at formulating measures for further soliciting the effective use of the products yielded up to date by the above-named system and at suggesting them to NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) who operate the system. In the survey, questionnaires are given and replied, about how the results of the industrial technology system and the public request for proposition system have been utilized, respectively. As for the enforcement of in-house research and development efforts after the project, 54% answer affirmative, 46% negative. The enforcement rate is relatively high in `recombinant DNA utilization technology,` `photoreactive materials,` `bio-element,` and `super-advanced processing system.` The enforcement rate is low in `fine ceramics` and `technology for creating space at great depth.` As for the feasibility of the products of the system, 76% are judged feasible and 23% unfeasible. Ranked high in feasibility are `processing technology creating advanced functions,` `fine ceramics,` `ultimate work robot,` and `super-advanced processing system.` Feasibility is judged low in `recombinant DNA utilization technology,` `photoreactive materials,` and `bio-element.` 2 refs., 16 figs., 6 tabs.

  20. FY 2000 report on the results of the research and development project for new industry creation type industrial science technologies. Cluster ion beam process technology; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo soshutsugata sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido seika hokokusho. Cluster ion beam process technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 2000 results of development of cluster ion beams. This technology generates the strong ion beams of atom and molecule clusters, and irradiate them onto the solid surfaces, to create new materials or treat materials. It allows the nano-level treatment. The program for high-current cluster ion beam generation/irradiation technology for industrial purposes attains the target high-current beam of 500{mu}m. It is necessary to establish the optimum cluster size, irradiated energy and ion species for the highly functional surface treatment, for which applicable technologies, e.g., those related to time of flight and molecular dynamics, are developed. Studies on high-current, large-area irradiation technologies are started. The program for material processing technologies involves evaluation of crystalline defects formed during the beam implantation by photoluminescence spectroscopy, and studies on semiconductor surface processing technologies. The surface smoothening technology is investigated to reduce crystalline defects and stress-induced strains for difficult-to-process materials, e.g., SiC and diamond, and the good results are produced. The program for development of superflat/superhard thin film formation technology involves irradiation of the Ar ion beams during the deposition of C{sub 60}(fullerene), to produce the superhard thin film. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1997 report under consignment from NEDO on the R and D of femto-second technology (development of ultra short pulse optoelectronics technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku femto gyo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (chotan pulse ko electronics gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Very high speed electronics technology is indispensable for the creation of industrial base technology which supports high grade informatizing in the 21st century. The state of light and electronics is controlled in the femto-second time domain. As to the development of femto-second light pulse generation/transmission technology, mode synchronous semiconductor laser was manufactured using the strain quantum well structure aiming at heightening profit, and the repeated frequency, 166GHz, was achieved. Relating to the pulse compression element, exciton photonic band was newly designed. A technology of coding was also studied. As to the development of technology of femto-second light pulse control/distribution, shortening of the wavelength down to 1.5{mu}m and a possibility of femto-second domain high speed response were indicated by the combined double quantum well structure. The quantitative measurement of spin relaxation characteristics was successfully made. By the Mach-Zehnder light switch, obtained was the world`s fastest light switching characteristic. To realize the femto-second class very high speed element, conditions were grasped on the crystal growth of Sb based ultra thin films operating in the 1.5{mu}m zone by studying the quantum well using transition among sub-bands. 242 refs., 280 figs., 12 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 1996 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials; 1996 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Technologies were described of creating original high-functional materials. The paper presented the following two as fields of technology on which importance is to be placed for the future R and D from technological and socioeconomic points of view. In the field of new materials of living organism imitation type, remarkably high-performance/high-functional new materials are invented by imitating the precise function manifestation mechanism of the ultimate living organism in which a great variety of matters are in harmony with each other and manifest complicated and high-level functions. In the field of structural control/synthesis process technology, the paper is aimed at manifestation of newer and higher functions/performance and innovation of the synthesis process, and also at developing technology to precisely control structure and process of materials including surface and interface in correspondence with atomic/molecular to macro levels. Up to the present, conducted were an examination of autonomous response materials (the subtheme is a R and D of polymer/composite multi-stimuli-responsive materials) and a R and D of precise polymerization (control) polymer materials. 239 refs., 129 figs., 49 tabs.

  3. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the R and D of nonlinear optoelectronic materials; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As to the development of organic base materials, the paper is going ahead with an evaluation, higher performance and further use as materials of basic optical properties of quirale nonlinear materials and organic conjugate base materials which are promising among organic low molecular materials. As the development of orientation control crystal growth technology, grooves for orientation control were formed on the surface of the lead glass substrate, from which thin film single crystals were obtained. The nonlinear response was studied of the glass where semiconducting fine particles dispersed in matrix glass. Glass scattering base prototype materials were selected by the sol-gel method and ultra-low melting-point glass method. The glass dispersion base materials by the very fast cooling method was also studied. For the purpose of realizing a high speed switching characteristic, a processing technology was developed of ultra fine particle dispersing polymer light waveguide. As to the technology for super lattice, the optimum nonlinear performance materials were selected mainly with the optimum complex super lattice base. Moreover, the three-dimensional super structuring technology was constructed to improve nonlinear optical characteristics. The comprehensive investigational study was conducted for effective promotion of the research development. 177 refs., 260 figs., 27 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D under a consignment from NEDO of the environment friendly type production technology. High-functional chemical synthesis bioreactor (for public); 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Kankyo chowagata seisan gijutsu (kokino kagaku gosei bioreactor) kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of developing production technology of chemical substances which are resource conservative, energy saving and less in environmental loads, a R and D was conducted of a high-functional chemical synthesis bioreactor. The paper reported the results of fiscal 1996. As for proliferation control breeding technology, relating to the switch control technology of proliferation related genes by regulatory factors, the effectiveness on an incubator level was demonstrated, and at the same time improvement of reactor performance in using this technology was studied on paper. As to the manifestation control breeding technology, the actual design of the development of manifestation promotion technology by bent DNA, etc. was proceeded with, and at the same time the following were commenced: selection of bent DNA, confirmation of bent characteristics, and work of vector construction using candidate bent DNA. Further, the simple assessment system of manifestation vectors was constructed. In the development of bioreactor system technology, the actual design was started of the two-stage culture continuance system which separated proliferation and enzyme production. 48 refs., 41 figs., 6 tabs.

  5. Report on the results of research and development under a consignment from NEDO on deca-nano quantum integrating transistor substrate technologies; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Deca-nano ryoshi shusekika soshi kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Researches have been conducted on deca-nano quantum integrating transistor substrate technologies, and developments were made on a three-dimensional device simulator which can be used in deca-nano domains, and a circuit simulator to have quantifying function transistors coexist with silicon semiconductor integrated circuits. The researches were intended to develop a simulator capable of analyzing properties of very small silicon and compound semiconductor devices in deca-nano domains. The researches discussed the applicability of conventional simulators, calculated quantum levels in a three-dimensional hetero structure, and resulted in development of an electron wave propagation simulator in optional two-dimensional shapes, a quantum Monte Carlo simulator, and a three-dimensional semiconductor device simulator with quantum correction. On the other hand, in order to estimate characteristics of a hybrid circuit in which single electron transistors coexist with conventional transistors such as CMOS transistors, a single electron hybrid circuit simulator was developed. The development indicated that a CMOS-SET fused memory is promising as a future LSI memory. 22 refs., 116 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Fiscal 1997 R and D project under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the femtosecond technology; 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Ultrahigh-speed electronic technology is indispensable for creating industrial basic technologies supporting the advanced information society in the 21st century. Control technology of photonic and electronic states in a femtosecond region is essential. To establish the development policy of generation and transmission devices for femtosecond light pulses, research and analysis were made on nonlinear optical response and light pulse transmission properties. Basic issues on devices and materials such as mode-locked semiconductor laser, pulse compression device and light-light modulation material for coding were extracted. For new femtosecond light pulse control/distribution devices, research and analysis were made on response properties of intersubband transition phenomena in a semiconductor and electron spin relaxation phenomena, and semiconductor quantum structure. To develop metrological technology using ultra-short light pulse, study was made on an evaluation method for time- fluctuation of pulses in 100 femtosecond level. Generation of femtosecond high-intensity X-ray pulse was possible by fine control of the existing high-intensity laser. 19 refs., 26 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the introductory R and D of the New Sunshine Project under a consignment from NEDO. Introductory R and D of the supercritical fluid use technology; 1997 nendo `New Sunshine keikaku` sendo kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The R and D of chemical reaction using supercritical fluids started in fiscal 1997. In the R and D of solvent reaction, as the research on polymer decomposition with supercritical water, studies were conducted of the mechanism of conversion reaction to chemical materials, cleavage mechanism of stable chemical bonds, and synthetic reaction in the supercritical state reaction field. In the research on oxidation reaction, as the study of complete oxidation in supercritical water for high efficiency energy recovery, studies of complete oxidation of liquid fuels, and complete oxidation of solid fuels. In the research on hydrogenation, studies of lightening of heavy oil in supercritical water, etc. In the R and D of the basic technology, studies of corrosion mechanism of metals in supercritical water, construction of the basic framework for technical database of supercritical fluids, etc. In the survey of technical trends and new research themes, the introductory R and D of element technology, etc. were conducted, and the results were described of the survey of technical trends and new research themes and the trend survey of overseas technology. 314 refs., 87 figs., 81 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Development of energy use rationalization-oriented silicon manufacturing process (Development of silicon substrate manufacturing technology for high-quality solar cell); 2000 nendo shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko kyodo kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika silicon seizo process kaihatsu (Kohinshitsu taiyodenchiyou silicon kiban seizo gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development was conducted for enhancing productivity and energy conservation by rendering continuous and automatic the electromagnetic casting process for manufacturing polycrystalline silicon substrates for solar cells. In the manufacture of ingots for substrates by continuous electromagnetic casting, the chuck type system for feeding power to the melt plasma was replaced by a roller type system, and the power feeding position was moved to the high temperature region. Also, an on-line ingot slicing technique was established. In the manufacture of substrates at a slicing rate of 300 {mu}m/minute, productivity of 115,000 wafers/month, yield of 98%, and thickness tolerance of 30 {mu}m were achieved. A high-speed cleaning technique was developed using a jet stream, by which the cleaning time was reduced to 5 minutes and the slurry recovery rate was elevated to 95%. Based on these, substrate-related costs in the case of 100 MW/year production was calculated, which resulted in a cost of 98.8 yen/wafer (target: 103.3 yen/wafer) for manufacturing 15 cm square substrates from ingots and in a 15 cm square substrate slicing and cleaning cost of 135.1 yen/wafer (target: 135.4 yen/wafer). (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D under a consignment from NEDO of the technology to fix and effectively use carbon dioxide using bacteria and microalgae (for public); 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku (saikin sorui nado riyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of contributing to the solution to the global environmental problem, a technology is developed in which by searching for/breeding/developing bacteria, etc. which conduct photosynthesis highly effectively, CO2 is fixed and recycled. The fiscal 1996 R and D is outlined as the utilization of bacteria, microalgae, etc. Obtained were microalgae exceeding the conventional strains in CO2 fixation ability, and bacteria/microalgae excellent in production of polysaccharides, hydrocarbon, lipid, biological active substances, etc. The fundamental study was continued of CO2 integrated enzyme function/reaction system as molecular biological breeding. In the cell fusion, a set-up of conditions for green algae was started. For the confirmation of performance of high dense/quantity culture technology using solar light, further improvement of performance and systematization, 200L scale testing equipment was manufactured. It is a collective reactor and enabled study of ventilation/agitation and control of light strength. A reactor analysis model was constructed. Also including the conversion into useful substances, energy/material balance was systematically studied. Collection of technical literature and information exchanges were made in Japan and overseas. 276 refs., 475 figs., 156 tabs.

  10. Survey for working out a new energy vision of the Tateshina Town area; 2001 nendo Tateshina machi shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and heightening the awareness of new energy in Tateshina Town, Kita-saku County, Nagano Prefecture, study was made of the existence amount of new energy, energy consumption amount in the town, project for the concrete introduction, etc., and a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out. According to the sample survey, in the energy supply/demand structure of Tateshina Town, electricity was 32.2%, kerosene 23.9%, gasoline 17.1%, light oil 11.2%, heavy oil 10.3%, etc. By sector, the commercial/residential sector was 57.1%, transportation sector 25.9% and industrial sector 17.0%. The demand in FY 2010 is expected to increase by 8.9%-22.0% in FY 2010. For the project on new energy introduction, the following were studied: supply of new energy information, support of the introduction to town people, energy utilization of forest resource, preparation of an eco-museum in the Shin-jin'nai forest park, promotion of the tourism using new energy, study of energy utilization of stockbreeding waste, introduction to administrative facilities, etc. (NEDO)

  11. Software V and V of PPS for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Cheollak; Kang, Dongpa; Choe, Changhui; Sohn, Sedo; Beak, Seungmin

    2013-01-01

    Software V and V processes determine whether the development products of a given activity conform to the requirements of that activity and whether the software satisfies its intended use and user needs. This paper introduces the software V and V activities and tasks performed during the software development life cycle performed during the software development life cycle of the Plant Protection System (PPS) for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 (SHN 1 and 2). The PPS generates signals to actuate Reactor Trip (RT) and Engineered Safety Features (ESF) whenever monitored processes exceed predetermined limits, and the PPS software is classified safety critical and an independent V and V is thus required according to regulations, code and standards. The software V and V efforts, sufficiently disciplined and rigorous, are quite essential to demonstrate that the software development process is of a high quality. The software V and V of PPS for SHN 1 and 2 has been accomplished successfully with systematic V and V procedures and methods established until test phase in compliance with related code and standards. In particular, the use of automated tools such as LDRA and DOORS greatly has contributed to an improvement of a software quality, and a reduction of a verification time and human errors

  12. Design and implementation of an advanced protection system for the Shin-Kori 3 and 4 nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Yonghak; Choi, Woongseock; Kwon, Jongsoo; Wilkosz, Stephen J.; Ridolfo, Charles F.; Yanosy, Paul L.

    2008-01-01

    The Nuclear Power Industry is currently embracing modern digital technology for upgrades to existing Instrumentation and Control (I and C) infrastructures as well as for incorporation into the next generation of new plants which will be coming 'on-line' during the next decade. This technology is being fully exploited for the next generation of advanced plant protection systems which will be initially deployed on the Shin-Kori 3 and 4 Nuclear Power Plant in the Republic of Korea. The system design for this plant protection system is being performed by the Korea Power Engineering Company (KOPEC) and builds upon the past generation of digital safety systems which were initially implemented at Ulchin 5 and 6. The advanced protection system is an evolution of this existing design and includes a number of improved operating attributes including: · Integration of Reactor Protection, Engineered Safety Features Actuation, and Qualified Indication and Alarm functions which were previously implemented by separate systems in the past. · Use of a 'soft control' interface which provides convenient accessibility to the safety systems from 'operator workstations' · Implementation of a Large Display Panel (LDP) which provides a consistent and constant representation of the overall plant state and of the plant safety status. The equipment for the advanced plant protection system is being provided by Westinghouse Electric Company (WEC) and utilizes the Westinghouse 'Common Q' Standardized qualified platform (where 'Q' denotes 'qualified'). The 'Common Q' platform is comprised of commercially dedicated Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC's), color-graphic Flat Panel Displays (FPD's) with integral touch screens, and high speed data communication links. It is a mature product that is in wide use for a number of safety-related applications. Among its key attributes are: · High overall system availability, which is achieved via use of a multiple channel configuration that is tolerant

  13. Summary of research achievements in fiscal 1980 in research and development of new energy technologies (Research and development expense); Shin energy gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1980 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-07-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1980 of new energy research at the General Research Institute of Electronics Technologies using the NEDO's development expense. To optimize the heat and electric power composite solar system, analyses were performed on heat production, devices and materials, and economy of the whole experimental facilities of the original model. Fundamental researches are being made on crystalline silicon, thin amorphous film and compound semiconductor solar cells. The solar thermionic generation element producing equipment installed in the previous fiscal year has produced and tested different types of electrodes, and operated the modules for an extended period of time. Measurement data of solar beam in ultraviolet, visible and near infrared zones were processed statistically, whereas the research work has been completed in the current fiscal year, having established successfully the reference solar radiation. In the hydrogen manufacturing technology using high-temperature direct pyrolysis, fundamental discussions were given on effects of electric and magnetic fields on dissociation of steam, and diffusion and separation of hydrogen by using permeation membranes. For hydrogen fuel cells, trial fabrication and tests were continued on single cells by using mainly the high frequency sputtering process. Experiments were continued on a solid electrolyte fuel cell system. Researches are under way as comprehensive study on such technological seeds as power generation using ocean temperature difference, and superconduction magnets for energy storage (NEDO)

  14. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology (the photovoltaic power generation); Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (taiyoko hatsuden)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A data book related to the photovoltaic power generation was made as a part of the systematical preparation of new energy related data. The paper arranged the importance of introducing the photovoltaic power system and the CO2 reduction effect at levels such as the government, local government, industries and individuals which are users. Described were the production quantity by region/type/company, shipment by usage, production amount and prices of solar cells. Arranged was the situation of policies on the photovoltaic power generation in Japan and developed countries. Examples of the introduction in countries including Japan were examined to know the introduction quantity and target. The paper introduced the subsidy system, preferential tax system and loan system for the introduction of the photovoltaic power system in Japan. The flow was summed up from the planning of the system introduction to the installation. The status of handling with the system introduction of government related organs and local governments was stated. The paper showed a list of the companies related to the photovoltaic power system and the references of solar cell makers and solar system installation makers. The development is so quickly made that the renewal every year of the system and the quality enhancement are required. 32 figs., 112 tabs.

  15. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology. Wind power generation; 1999 nendo shin energy gijjtsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Furyoku hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of systematically arranging the data on new energy, this paper focused on the wind power system and collected/arranged the most up-to-date published data on the wind power system, mostly in terms of samples of introduction in Japan and abroad, supporting plans and policies, market of the wind power system, specifications for the main wind turbines, etc. This report included the following: (1) Quantity of introduction of wind power system. (2) Targeted quantity of introduction of wind power system in Japan and abroad. (3) Policies on wind power system in Japan and abroad. (4) Sales of wind power system. (5) Cost of introduction of wind power system. (6) Effects of introduction of wind power generation. (7) Trend of technology development/subjects on technology development/problems on introductory promotion. (8) Outline of wind power system. (9) Predominant trends of wind power generation in Japan. (10) List of the persons to contact enterprises related to wind power generation. (11) Quantity of wind energy existing in Japan. (12) Specifications for wind turbine by power generation scale. (13) Method to calculate power generation cost of wind power system. (14) Explanation of basic technical terms. (15) List of the related rules as to introduction of wind power generation. (16) Publications relating to wind power generation. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1998 annual report on the compilation of the data related to new energy technology development. Photovoltaic power generation; 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The data, centered by those related to generation of photovoltaic (PV) power as one branch of new energy, are collected and systematically compiled under the following fields. (Significance of adopting PV power systems) describes, e.g., CO2 reduction effect and energy pay-back time for different customers, i.e., nation, local governments, industries and individual households. (Present status of solar cell markets) describes solar cell production by region, cell technology and industry; shipments by application; production values; and prices. (PV system policies overseas) compares the policies of the industrialized countries for PV power systems with those of Japan. (Introduction of PV power systems overseas) compares situations of various countries in PV power system introduction with those of Japan with respect to estimated quantities of PV systems installed and target quantities. (Financial supports for PV power system installation) describes subsidies, tax benefits and loans adopted in Japan. Other items covered herein include transition of PV-related budgets, flow of PV system introduction, measures taken by central and local governments, and contacts for PV-related enterprises. (NEDO)

  17. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology. Fuel cell; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Nenryo denchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To proceed with the systematical arrangement of the new energy related data, this survey collected the data relating to fuel cells, and systematized them with the aim of making a data book related to fuel cells. Further, fuel cells are still developing, and therefore, the trend of development in this one year was roughly seen to make it the data toward the future development. This data book is composed of Part 1 (the world development trend in FY 1999) and Part 2 (data book). Part 1 was divided into the fixed power system (Chapter 1), fuel cell vehicle (Chapter 2), and selection of fuel (Chapter 3). The book has a big feature that the selection of fuel was added as an individual chapter, which is a difference from that of FY 1998. In the description of the developmental trend of fuel cell vehicle (FCV) in Chapter 2, the results of the present development and the trend were described in line with the subjects in achieving the commercialization of FCV. Part 2 is a data book which indicates the state of technology development of each of various fuel cells such as actual results of the demonstrative operation of fuel cells in Japan and abroad. (NEDO)

  18. Improvement of effective utilization technology of wood-based resources and development of their new application fields. Mokushitsukei shigen no yuko riyo gijutsu no kojo to shin prime yoto kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamiya, F.; Haishi, T.; Sueyoshi, S.; Sotozaki, M.; Kato, A.; Hayashi, Y.; Ito, Y.; Hirabayashi, Y.; Togawa, E.; Obino, T. (Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Ibaraki (Japan))

    1991-09-01

    On advanced work and use techniques for wood, the aseismic property of plywood-nailed bearing walls was analyzed by seismic response experiments on an excitor resulting in the sufficient aseismic property beyond usual design specification, and the load deformation model was proposed based on experimental results. The evaluation method of heat insulation for wood houses was also developed, and the simple estimation method of room temperature change and the index for evaluating heat insulation for every structure were proposed. On advanced modification and use techniques for constituents of wooden resources, the chemical structure of saponin in woods was studied together with the relation between the chemical structure and biological activity of unknown saponins synthesized from triterpene. The pervaporation property of organic composite films composed of chitinous substances and cellulose derivatives from natural polymers was also studied to develop pervaporation films effective in separating water from ethyl alcohol. 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. Fiscal 1999 research report. Data collection for development of new energy technology (Photovoltaic power generation); 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (taiyoko hatsuden) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As a part of systematic data preparations on new energy technology, this research aims at collection and analysis of data on domestic and overseas applications, diffusion targets, concrete examples, policies, laws, subsidy systems, and the latest technology development trends of photovoltaic power generation, and at preparation of its basic data through integration and systematization of the collected data. The research items are as follows: domestic and overseas applications, diffusion targets, concrete examples, policies, laws, subsidy systems, productions of solar cells, typical photovoltaic power generation costs, trial calculations of CO{sub 2} reduction in photovoltaic power generation, technology development trends, technology development issues, issues for faster diffusion, configurations and conceptual charts of photovoltaic power systems, and major domestic and overseas trends. As a supplement, domestic and overseas manufacturers of solar cells, and manufacturers of photovoltaic power systems are listed with their addresses. The solar cell production capacities of major countries are also arranged. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on data collection for development of new energy technology (fuel cell); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (nenryo denchi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report is composed of Part 1: the development trend of fuel cells in fiscal 1998, and Part 2: the collected data and appendices. Part 1 includes 4 chapters, (1) The outline of the development trend, (2) Stationary fuel cell, (3) The development trend of fuel cell vehicles, and (4) The development trend of small transportable fuel cells. The report newly includes the development trend of small-capacity fuel cells and the report on 1998 Fuel Cell Seminar notable as an international conference on fuel cell summarizing the trend of fuel cells in fiscal 1998, as compared with the fiscal 1997 report. Part 2 is the collected data on domestic and foreign demonstration operation results of fuel cells, and technical development of every fuel cell. In addition to various collected data on the whole of fuel cells and their use techniques, Part 2 includes the principle, features, system configuration, performance simulation technique, application and market analysis of fuel cells, and the national policy and concerned laws on a subsidy system for introduction of fuel cells, for example. (NEDO)

  1. Survey and research achievement report for fiscal 1980 on patent and information under Sunshine Program. Survey of information on new energy technology development (Solar energy); 1980 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa (taiyohen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    Solar energy as defined by the United States includes hydroelectric power, biomass, and the ocean. The short-term strategy deals with passive solar air-conditioning, hydroelectric power, and biomass direct combustion. The medium-term strategy involves positive heating and wind power. The long-term strategy covers heat for agriculture, photovoltaic power, and OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion), and the ultralong-term strategy covers power generation in space and photochemical conversion. Canada is behind other countries in the conversion of solar energy into power, and solar energy is used but passively as heat source, this because this country is rich in other resources. In West Germany, solar energy may be exploited for hot-water supply and heating at high latitudes, but it is not likely that it will be used for power generation. Home heating offers some appeal since potential demand for it is great. In Britain, the use of solar energy is not a pressing matter, this because systems for effective use of coal have long been established at homes, society, and industries in this country, rich in coal resources and enjoying oil from the North Sea oil field. France's efforts include biomass exploitation. In its development efforts, importance is attached to home heating, hot-water supply, and biomass. Next comes the conversion into power of solar energy. Photocells are also a subject of research and development. (NEDO)

  2. FY1998 survey on preparation of data collection related to new energy technology development (cogeneration); 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (cogeneration) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    New energy technologies have had the subsidy institutions established in association with advancement of the technologies, and such introduction promoting measures developed as the introduction assistance and advisory project. To promote this development more effectively, it is necessary that different data related to new energies are put into order comprehensively and systematically to be retained as the basic data. Therefore, this paper collects and puts into order the latest published data on cogeneration from among other new energy technology areas, with main regard to system listing, specific introduction examples, subsidy institutions, and how other countries are working on the technologies. Hydroelectric power generation uses up head energy of water by installing power plants along a river from higher location to lower location. Similarly the cogeneration is a kind of multi-stage energy utilization (cascade utilization) system that uses up energy serially from as high oil and natural gas combustion temperature as 1,500 degrees C or higher down to temperature levels used for hot water supply and air conditioning as low as 45 to 50 degrees C. It generates electric power by using a thermal engine, and utilizes waste heat effectively. (NEDO)

  3. Report on fundamental surveys for such as cases and effects in relation with development of new energy technologies in fiscal 1999; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu ni kakawaru jirei koka nado kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the fundamental surveys in fiscal 1999 on cases and effects in relation with development of new energy technologies. Among the projects having been performed by NEDO in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the NEDO foundation, the economic and social situations in the times in which the projects have been carried out with the focus placed particularly on new energies were put into order and analyzed to make clear the positioning of the project significance in the nation's energy policies. In addition, the roles of NEDO were recognized afresh to use them as the fundamental materials to serve for the future policy development. For the past thirty years before and after the oil crises, the time division that can be used universally for the project evaluation was established, based on the trends inside and outside the country, social currents, related indexes, and the status of development execution. Work hypotheses were presented regarding the basic conception in the evaluation, specific evaluation viewpoints, and their contents. Based on the hypotheses, three subjects were taken up as representative cases, that is, photovoltaic power generation, coal liquefaction, and phosphoric acid type fuel cell technology development. Time points that are considered as the important turning points were specified to give evaluations at respective turning points. Analyses were also made on decision making factors for project planning, continuation, direction change, suspension, and completion. (NEDO)

  4. Survey report for fiscal 1998 on the survey on preparation of data collection related to new energy technology development (wind power generation ); 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (furyoku hatsuden) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    As a result of heightening consciousness on assurance of energy security and global environment problems in recent years, it is urged in Japan to promote development of technologies to introduce and proliferate new energies, and work on acceleration of the introduction. On the other hand, in order to move forward effectively the introduction promoting project intended of proliferation and enlightenment, it is necessary to put into order comprehensively and systematically the different data on the new energies, and summarize them as the basic data. This report, focusing on a wind power generation system, collects and puts into order the latest published data on the wind power generation system, placing in the center the introduction examples in Japan and other countries, supporting measures, wind power generation system markets, and the specifications of major windmills. The major contents may be summarized as follows: significance of introducing the wind power generation system, the current status of the market, policies in different countries, status of introducing the system in other countries, subsidy institutions for the introduction, the introduction flow, efforts made by government related organizations and local governments, a list of window offices of the related corporations, the fundamental knowledge, and the movements in 1998. (NEDO)

  5. Survey and research achievement report for fiscal 1980 on patent and information under Sunshine Program. Survey of information on new energy technology development (Solar energy); 1980 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa (taiyohen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    Solar energy as defined by the United States includes hydroelectric power, biomass, and the ocean. The short-term strategy deals with passive solar air-conditioning, hydroelectric power, and biomass direct combustion. The medium-term strategy involves positive heating and wind power. The long-term strategy covers heat for agriculture, photovoltaic power, and OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion), and the ultralong-term strategy covers power generation in space and photochemical conversion. Canada is behind other countries in the conversion of solar energy into power, and solar energy is used but passively as heat source, this because this country is rich in other resources. In West Germany, solar energy may be exploited for hot-water supply and heating at high latitudes, but it is not likely that it will be used for power generation. Home heating offers some appeal since potential demand for it is great. In Britain, the use of solar energy is not a pressing matter, this because systems for effective use of coal have long been established at homes, society, and industries in this country, rich in coal resources and enjoying oil from the North Sea oil field. France's efforts include biomass exploitation. In its development efforts, importance is attached to home heating, hot-water supply, and biomass. Next comes the conversion into power of solar energy. Photocells are also a subject of research and development. (NEDO)

  6. Tibial stress reaction presenting as bilateral shin pain in a man taking denosumab for giant cell tumor of the bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Sian Yik; Rastalsky, Naina; Choy, Edwin; Bolster, Marcy B

    2015-12-01

    Prolonged bisphosphonate use has been associated with increased risk of atypical femoral fractures. Very few cases of atypical femoral fractures have been reported with denosumab. We report a case of bilateral tibial stress reactions in a 60-year-old man with no history of osteoporosis who was on prolonged high-dose denosumab for the treatment of giant cell tumor of bone. He presented with a 3-month history of pain in his bilateral shins worsening with activity and improving with rest. Although initial radiographs were unremarkable, he was found to have changes consistent with a stress reaction on magnetic resonance imaging of the distal tibia. To our knowledge, bilateral tibial stress reactions have not been previously reported with anti-resorptive therapies (neither bisphosphonates nor denosumab). Our case is intriguing in terms of the development of stress reactions as a precursor to stress fractures which may also relate to atypical fractures. Our case suggests a possible association between denosumab use and stress reactions. Of note the indication for denosumab in our case was for the treatment of giant cell tumor of bone where the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dose is substantially higher than the FDA approved dose for osteoporosis treatment. Although rare, clinicians should consider the possibility of stress fractures in patients on anti-resorptive medications such as denosumab, especially when a patient presents with new onset thigh pain, hip pain or pain over an area affecting the long bones. Evaluation by imaging of affected areas should be pursued to enable early detection and intervention, as well as prevention of morbidity and associated ongoing risk to the patient. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the technology of accelerated formation of bio-functions (R and D of the technology of creation of novel advanced enzymes); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Kasokugata seibutsu kino kochiku gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (shingata kokino koso sosei gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D on creation technique of novel advanced enzymes. In fiscal 1997, a novel mutagenesis technique was developed to obtain more kinds of mutational genes by shuffling between clonal genes as compared with the previous homogeneous recombination. A genotype- and phenotype-linking technology was developed by expressing random motifs (peptide as components of the active site of protein) on bacteria, and by developing a single-motif protein library. Study was made on a selection system for functional molecules of catalytic activities in a gene level, and a selection system for function of signal transduction. Analysis and evaluation study on vitro experimental technology can be efficiently promoted by recognizing the fitness landscape of target protein molecules. As a result, instead of the conventional method which needs several cycles of mutation and screening of 3-4 week/cycle, an efficient method possible to obtain multiple mutants was established. Research work was also promoted by various organizations to develop an accelerated formation technology of bio-functions. 68 refs., 51 figs., 14 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Research and development of fast-acting innovative energy-environment technology (Development of fast-acting high-efficiency solar cell technology - Development of high-quality ingot manufacturing technology); 2000 nendo shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko itaku kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Sokkoteki kakushinteki energy kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu (Sokkogata kokoritsu taiyo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu - Kohinshitsu ingot seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development was conducted of a technology for manufacturing an ultrathin polycrystalline silicon solar cell capable of efficiency enhancement and cost reduction earlier than the types of polycrystalline solar cells now available on the market. In this fiscal year, a silicon melt/solidification experimenting apparatus was built for manufacturing high-quality silicon ingots. Using an apparatus with its performance similar to the newly built one, a preliminary experiment was conducted involving high-purity silicon ingot manufacturing. In the experiment, boron was added to 75 kg of silicon for semiconductor devices so that its resistivity may be 0.5 ohm-cm. The silicon was melted in a quartz mold, and then subjected to unidirectional coagulation at 0.13 mm/min that started at the bottom to proceed upward. The result was a silicon ingot 44 cm times 44 cm times 17 cm (height). The ingot thus obtained exhibited 0.4-0.8 ohm-cm in resistivity distribution. Solar cells produced from the ingot showed a conversion rate of 16.9%. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials (technical development of materials to heighten efficiency of power generation facilities); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (hatsuden shisetsuyo koseinoka zairyo gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper described the fiscal 1997 results of the study of the condensation base precise structure control conducted as a technical development of materials to heighten efficiency of power generation facilities. Condensation base polymer is an important material which occupies most of the engineering plastics. The study is aimed at developing basic technologies on the molecular weight and regularity by which a remarkable improvement can be expected in performance of condensation polymerization/ring-opening polymerization polymer materials, polymerization catalyst which arbitarily controls the primary structure such as branch and end group structures, and development of the precision polymerization process. In the synthesis of ordered polymer by direct polycondensation, synthesis of ordered polyamide from asymmetric monomers is studied. In the synthesis of chemically selective polyamide by direct polymerization, polyamide with functional group is synthesized by polymerizing without protecting functional group the monomer with such functional group as causes side reaction in polymerization. In the synthesis of polyamide having the limited distribution of molecular weight, the molecular weight/distribution of polyamide are controlled by connectedly conducting polycondensation which is itself to be done successively. 91 refs., 72 figs., 43 tabs.

  10. Industrial and scientific technology research and development project in fiscal 1997 commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization. Research and development of superconducting materials and transistors (report on overall investigation of superconductive devices); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chodendo zairyo chodendo soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu (chodendo soshika gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes development of superconducting new function transistors. Fiscal 1997 as the final year of the project advanced improvement in such transistor-using processes as formation and micro-processing of superconducting thin films to show enhancement in characteristics of high-temperature superconducting transistors and possibility of their application utilizing their high speed motions. Furthermore, fundamental technologies were studied with an aim on junction transistors to be applied as circuits. For field effect transistors, evaluation was performed on critical current distribution of step-type particle boundary junction to make it possible to evaluate characteristics of hundreds of transistors. At the same time, a magnetic flux quantum parametron gate with three-layer structure was fabricated to identify its operation. In superconducting-base transistors, strong reflection was recognized on temperature dependence of permittivity of an Nb-doped strontium titanate substrate used for collectors, by which barrier height was reduced. In the junction transistor and circuit technology, isotropic ramp-edge junctions were fabricated, and so was a frequency divider circuit with single magnetic flux quantum mode operation for evaluating high-speed response characteristics. High time resolution current was observed successfully by using a high-temperature superconducting sampler system. 148 refs., 127 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of silicon-based polymeric materials (development of liquid methane fueled aircraft engine); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo / Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (methane nenryo kokukiyo engine kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This R and D aims at establishing the basic technology on the molecular design, synthesis, use as materials, and evaluation of silicon-based polymers, of which excellent electronic/optical functions, high heat-resistance/combustion-resistance/dynamic characteristic are expected. The paper introduced the results of the fiscal 1997 R and D of them. The themes are as follows: technology of synthesis of silicon-based polymeric materials with sea-island microstructures, interstitial type structure forming technology, composite materials with organometallic complexes and silicon-based polymers, silicon-based polymer structural materials with ring structures, optimization of the Wurtz`s synthesis method of silicon-based polymers, unsaturated and hypercoordinate organosilicic compounds, function of silicon-based polymers, synthesis and polymerization of new silicon-based monomers, development of a new synthesis method of polysilane and the function, development of new application of silicon-based polymers in imaging devices for recording/memory/display of information, molecular design of {pi}-conjugate and {sigma}-conjugate compounds including silicon, and conformation and electronic state of silicon-based polymeric materials. 186 refs., 141 figs., 68 tabs.

  12. Fiscal 1997 R an D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (high-efficiency and analysis and manipulation technology for DNA); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (DNA nado kokoritsu kaiseki sosa gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). Through the observation of super spiral DNA fixed on a spermin or spermidine treated mica substrate by AFM (atomic force microscope), fixation of DNA without any deformation in solution was clarified, and visualization of the spiral structure of DNA were successfully achieved. Manipulation of Xe atoms adsorbed on an Si(111) surface was certainly possible by using STM (scanning tunneling microscope)/atom probe equipment. A nucleation mechanism in crystal growth was studied for various organic source-molecules/GaAs(001) surface systems, and formation of high-density nuclei on the GaAs surface was achieved by accelerating the translational energy of Ga material molecules up to 6eV or more. Ziegler- Natta catalysis important for industrial polymerization of olefin molecules was precisely analyzed by first-principle dynamic simulation. A large-scale simulation of zeolite catalyst is also in promotion for methanol to gasoline conversion. 51 refs., 87 figs., 7 tabs.

  13. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (R and D of the formation of advanced materials for power generation environment); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (hatsuden kankyoyo kokino sozai keisei gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). Ten nanoscale Ge islands were successfully formed in proper positions on an Si substrate surface by using mask technology of nanoscale atomic layers. Growth of less-defect ZnSe films on a GaAs(110) surface was possible under various conditions. The magnetic transfer mechanism of Mn oxide with huge reluctance was clarified. Through study on selective-area deposition of Si on plasma-oxidized ultrathin SiO2 mask layers patterned by direct electron-beam exposure and an idea of SiO2/SiNx bilayer mask, direct use of the ultrathin mask layer as insulating layer in device structure was achieved. The superior property as electron beam resist of methano- fullerene composed of fullerene C60 with side chains including oxygen was clarified. The initial oxidation process of an Si(100) surface was analyzed, and the observation result by SREM was theoretically explained. Development of a high-resolution spin polarization electron microscope was also mentioned. 48 refs., 145 figs., 20 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials (development of precise structure control materials for enhancement of oil refining); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekiyu seisei kodoka seimitsu kozo seigyo zairyo kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper described the R and D of technologies for creating original high-functional materials under the R and D system of industrial scientific technology. Japan chemical Innovation Institute (JCII) is conducting intensive joint researches under consignment from NEDO with private companies, universities and national research institutes. Among those, the paper reported the fiscal 1997 results of the following two researches conducted as development of precise structure control materials for enhancement of oil refining: precision catalytic polymerization and multi-dimensional space polymer. As to the precision catalytic polymerization, the paper is aimed at developing base technologies for the molecular weight and stereoregularity by which remarkable improvement in performance of addition polymerization type polymer can be expected, and on the development of a polymerization catalyst which arbitarily controls the primary structure such as end group structure and of a precision addition polymerization process. Subthemes are addition polymerization with limit and oriented catalytic polymerization. In relation to multi-dimensional space polymer, the paper is aimed at developing highly selective polymerization technology of aromatic compounds using enzyme related catalysts and synthesis technology of regular structure polymer, and synthesis technology of new polymer group having a new chain pattern except covalent bond/new polymer group having characteristics in three-dimensional space geometric structure. 244 refs,, 160 figs., 94 tabs.

  15. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the application technology of functional protein complex (R and D of the high-functional maintenance technology for power plants); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Kinosei tanpakushitsu shugotai oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (hatsuden shisetsuyo kokino maintenance gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to develop advanced maintenance technology for power generation facilities, application technology of functional protein complexes is under investigation. On a light controllable enzymatic reaction system, construction of a light controllable bio-reactor by physico-chemical and bio- chemical techniques, and structure and functions of a photosynthetic protein complex using thermophilic cyanobacteria as material are under investigation. On a molecular mechanism for recognition and reaction of receptor proteins, structure analysis and engineering application of glutamate receptor channels of a synaptic transmission system, and basic study and material proteins for artificial structures using endocytic micromachinery, and a multi-enzyme system for synthesis of glycosphingolipids are under investigation. On a complex oxidation/reduction system by genetic engineering technique, construction of a high- efficiency stable system with functionally arranged oxidoreductase and electron transmission systems in biomembranes is in promotion. Research work was also made on molecular assemblies for a functional protein system. 166 refs., 91 figs., 9 tabs.

  16. Report on the results of research and development under a consignment from NEDO of glycoconjugate production utilizing technologies. Development of technologies to fix and effectively utilize carbon dioxide by applying glycoconjugates; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Fukugo toshitsu seisan riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (fukugo toshitsu oyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports research results in fiscal 1997 for the `research and development of glycoconjugate production utilizing technologies`. In synthesizing, utilizing and remodeling technologies for glycoconjugates by means of chemical synthesis, studies were performed on developing methods to synthesize Gal {beta}1-3Gal NA(c {alpha})1-0-Serine in preparative scale, synthesizing high mannose type sugars of natural type without protection groups, and linking GlcNA or GalNAc onto partial peptide of fibroblast growth factor (FGF). In synthesizing, utilizing and remodeling technologies for glycoconjugates by using biological methods, studies were carried out, with regard to glycoconjugate synthesizing, utilizing and remodeling technologies utilizing animal cells, on identifying sugar structures of IFN-{gamma} produced from CHO cell line, and isolating CHO cell lines introduced with genes of sugar transferred enzyme GnTIV and/or GnTV. Furthermore, studies were conducted on glycoconjugate synthesizing, utilizing and remodeling technologies utilizing microorganisms, and glycoconjugate structure analyzing technologies. In addition, overall investigation was made on glycoconjugate production utilizing technologies. 113 refs., 76 figs., 18 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 1997 result of the R and D project of industrial science and technology under consignment from NEDO. R and D of creation technology of original advanced materials (R and D of creation technology of original advanced materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo (Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku). Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of creation technology of original advanced materials in the R and D project of industrial science and technology. Although new material technology is dependent on the needs of a future society, it should correspond to a global environment preservation society, information-oriented society and aging society as observed based on the present social trend, and new materials superior in hot strength, light weight, corrosion resistance, decomposability, photo-function, magnetism, conductivity, bio-copying and adaptability are demanded. This project is in promotion since fiscal 1996 to develop formation technology of high-performance advanced new materials by precise molecular control of structure and production process of organic polymers and molecular assemblies. The research started on 4 themes such as advanced stimulus-response material, precision catalytic polymerization, condensed system structure control and multi-dimensional polymer structure. The research on molecule harmonizing material was added in fiscal 1997. In fiscal 1997, the general committee discussed a progress situation and next year research plan, and surveyed an overseas technology trend. 1 fig.

  18. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the superconducting material and device (technical development of the Josephson device hybrid system); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chodendo zairyo chodendo soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu (Josephson soshi hybrid system no gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to establish basic technology for hybrid systems of superconducting and semiconducting devices, study was made on ultrahigh speed and low energy consumption properties of Josephson devices. As Josephson IC technology, a logical circuit, ring network, memory circuit, and oxide superconductor logical circuit were studied. As superconducting hybrid system technology, a Josephson device- semiconductor device interface, formation technology of signal transmission lines, and Josephson-MOS IC technology were developed. In fiscal 1997, as Josephson IC technology, switch motion of 4GHz in clock frequency was achieved by new high-density wiring process. Integration of some semiconducting processor elements, junction of surface- stabilized superconducting thin films, and motion of combination structure of some SQUIDs were also confirmed. On the hybrid system, voltage conversion operation of all interfaces was confirmed. Proper logical operation of the Josephson device hybrid circuit was also confirmed. 95 refs., 90 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. NEDO Forum 2001. Session on development of geothermal energy (Prospect of geothermal energy); NEDO Forum 2001. Chinetsu kaihatsu session (chinetsu energy no tenbo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-20

    The presentations made at the above-named session of the NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) forum held in Tokyo on September 20, 2001, are collected in this report. Director Noda of Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, delivered a lecture entitled 'Future course of geothermal technology development,' and Executive Director Iikura of Tokyo Toshi Kaihatsu, Inc., a lecture entitled 'Thinking of geothermal energy.' Described in an achievement report entitled 'Present state and future trend of geothermal development' were the present state of geothermal power generation and characteristics of geothermal energy, signification of the introduction of binary cycle power generation, and the promotion of the introduction of ground heat utilizing heat pump systems. Stated in a lecture entitled 'Geothermal development promotion survey' were the geothermal development promotion survey and its result and how to implement such surveys in the future. Reported in a lecture entitled 'Verification survey of geothermal energy probing technology and the like and the development of geothermal water utilizing power plant and the like' were reservoir fluctuation probing, deep-seated thermal resource probing and collecting, 10-MW class demonstration plant, Measurement While Drilling System, and a hot rock power generation system. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D of technology of high-level treatment/effective use of domestic/industrial wastes, etc. (for public); 1996 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku seikatsu sangyo haikibutsu shori yuko riyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing environmental loads of waste and effectively using resource by waste recycling, a study was conducted of high-level treatment/effective use technology for domestic/industrial wastes, etc. The paper reported the results of fiscal 1996. In the EcoCement producing technology using the synthetic urban type waste, EcoCement with stable quality was obtained using sewage sludge and industrial waste as raw materials. In the specified freon decomposition disposal technology, an experiment was carried out on durability, etc. of the processing unit. In the high speed/reduced smell biological garbage disposal technology, technology of fermenting disposal, etc. were established, and at the same time technology of making garbage compost was developed. In the technology to manufacture environment friendly type plastic containers, etc., a degradation behavior was grasped of degradable plastics in the compost. In the spread type waste plastic/thermal recycle technology, studied were a system to collect waste and a system to make waste solid fuel. Technology to recycle coolant freon was studied. 14 refs., 261 figs., 137 tabs.

  1. Report on the results of the fiscal 1997 R and D under consignment from NEDO of photon measuring/processing technology (development of high-efficiency production process technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku photon keisoku kako gijutsu (kokoritsu seisan process gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Development is made of high energy-efficiency laser processing technology and high efficiency/high grade photon generation/control technology as laser light source, for the purpose of energy conservation/efficiency heightening of production processes which require a large amount of energy such as welding, joining, surface treatment, and particle fabrication. As to keyhole dynamics of the molten metal generated on the laser weld, construction of simulational mathematical models was started. Equipment to fabricate semiconductor ultrafine particles which become the core of quantum dot functional structures was designed to fabricate particles. In-situ optical measuring technology was studied of element/size of particles of below 30 nm in size by emission spectroscopy associated with the plasma irradiation. As tightly focusing all-solid-state laser technology, studied was the wavelength conversion method in which harmonics are generated four times as much as the fundamental wave due to high efficient generation of high power UV laser. Also studied were high laser strength, low optical losses, conditions for fostering high homogenity crystals. Technology for high accuracy processing of element surface was established. High efficiency photon generation technology was comprehensively investigated. 140 refs., 276 figs., 46 tabs.

  2. FY 2000 report on the research cooperation project - Research cooperation in developmental support for oil producing countries. Development of the new field of usage of Orinoco oil for fuel of gas turbine combined power generation; 2000 nendo san'yukoku kaihatsu shien kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo seika hokokusho. Gasu tabin fukugo hatsuden nenryo muke Orinoko oil no shin yoto kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-01

    For the purpose of spreading the usage of Orinoco crude oil which is suffering from sluggishness in the export and heightening the economical efficiency in Venezuela, research cooperation was made for a project for reduction of the power cost and environmental loads in Japan by producing the advanced gas turbine use fuel oil from Orinoco oil and exporting it to Japan. In this project, conducted were the technical verification that the gas turbine use fuel oil (GTF) can be produced from Orinoco oil and the economical verification based on the result thereof. As a result of the technical verification, it was confirmed that from the Orinoco crude oil which is heavy, high in sulfur and high in heavy metal concentration, a refined oil satisfying the following properties of the advanced gas turbine fuel oil could be trial-produced using the distilling unit, SDA unit, desulfurizer and de-metaling unit: vanadium concentration: 0.5 wtppm or below; sodium + potassium concentration: 1.0 wtppm or below; viscosity: 20 cSt or below at 135 degrees C. Further, from the economical verification, the good result was obtained that the price was lower than the LNG price and the domestic price of A heavy oil/C heavy oil. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Development of energy use rationalization-oriented silicon manufacturing process (Survey and study of analysis of commercialization of solar-grade silicon material manufacturing technology); 2000 nendo shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko kyodo kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika silicon seizo process kaihatsu (Taiyodenchiyou silicon genryo seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kaiseki ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The trend of technology development, problems harbored therein, trend of the market, and the like were investigated for supporting the development of technologies for the mass production and commercialization of solar-grade silicon materials. Concerning the future of production enhancement and cost reduction in the manufacture of polycrystalline silicon solar cells, studies were made from the technological viewpoint. The results are shown below. It is estimated that approximately 4,500 tons of material silicon will be necessary in 2005 and 6,500-10,700 tons in 2010. Since the melting purification method of NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) now under development step by step toward commercialization as well as the conventional source will provide the necessary amount of material silicon, it is inferred that the development of solar cells will go on without any restraint originating in the semiconductor industry. With the commercialization of the technologies so far developed and the development/commercialization of the fast-acting high-performance solar cell technology, probabilities are high that the polycrystalline silicon solar cell manufacturing cost in 2010 will be as low as to be on the 100 yen/W (93-118 yen/W) level which is the level now held up as the goal. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1997 research report on the R and D project under a consignment from NEDO. Photonics engineering (R and D of photonics measuring/processing technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Photon keisoku kako gijutsu (photon keisoku kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Survey was made on the trend of R and D on photonics engineering to clarify the direction of its impact and ripple effect on industrial fields. Reduction of environment burden, improvement of the productivity and reliability of products, and creation of new industries by novel creative R and D are necessary simultaneously. For reconsideration of the previous measurement and machining technologies in a manufacturing industry, use of photon (laser) beams is promising. As photonics engineering, photonics measurement and machining, and elemental and peripheral technologies for generation and control of photon were surveyed. Photonics application technologies for medical care and diagnosis, communication and transmission, entertainment, and chemical fields were also surveyed. In fiscal 1997 as the first year of this project, based on the results obtained in leading researches conducted until fiscal 1996, some technological issues were clarified through the survey on the latest trend of photonics engineering in measurement, machining and generation fields, and its feasibility in the other fields. 265 refs., 91 figs., 10 tabs.

  5. Report on the results of the fiscal 1997 R and D under consignment from NEDO of photon measuring/processing technology (R and D of petroleum production system high-grade measuring/processing technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku photon keisoku kako gijutsu (sekiyu seisan system kodo keisoku kako gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The R and D were conducted of high-strength and high-accuracy welding/joining technology using laser, technology to measure and assess the joining state of structures and defects around the surface of structures and inside structures by high accuracy and high resolution, and technology/equipment to generate a laser light source for the tool, which are all required to remarkably enhance safety/reliability of oil drilling facilities working in the severe environment. In fiscal 1997, as the R and D of oil production system high-grade measuring/processing technology, technical study, study of measures to be taken, operating experiment, assessment, examination, etc. were conducted on the following themes: 1) macroscopic processing technology (R and D of high-reliability laser welding technology), 2) non-destructive composition measuring technology (R and D of internal measurement and photoelectron spectroscopy using short-wavelength radiation), 3) tight-focusing all-solid-state laser technology (R and D of fiber laser), 4) tight-focusing all-solid-state laser technology (R and D of high-efficiency laser diode), and 5) comprehensive investigation of phonics engineering (investigation for photon-applied materials processing technology). 256 refs., 205 figs., 18 tabs.

  6. Load leveling of the Tohoku Electric Power Co. Development of ice storage cold-water manufacturing unit/solid organic waste treatment equipment using midnight power for cold district; Tohoku Denryoku no fuka heijunka. Kori chikunetsu reisui seizo unit no kaihatsu, shin`ya denryoku riyo kanreichi muke kokei yuki haikibutsu shori sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    An ice storage cold-water manufacturing unit that can manufacture cold water at a stable temperature near 0degC by using midnight power and a solid organic waste treatment facility were developed. The high-speed melting of ice is required to stabilize the cold-water temperature. Therefore, experimental investigation was performed. A piece of flake-shaped ice whose surface area and storage quality are balanced was used. A system that melts ice using the melting tank installed outside an icebox, and a high-speed melting system of ice based on the mixing unit installed in a melting tank were also used together. In the validation test of a prototype for smaller food factories, the following was confirmed. Manufacturing of cold water at about 1degC, amount of cooled water, stability of output water temperature for a change in water temperature, and good storage of ice in an icebox. In the prototype developed for a solid organic waste treatment facility, satisfactory performance was confirmed for following. Temperature in a fermenter when wastes were put, moisture content in a fermenter, pH value, net loss when the refuse of fish is put, and saving of an electricity rate. 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the technical development of super metal under consignment from NEDO. Technology to create ferrous mesoscopic structure control materials; Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (tetsukei mesoscopic soshiki seigyo zairyo sosei gijutsu) seika hokokusho (1997 nendo). Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko (NEDO) itaku kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The fiscal 1997 results were reported of the project on the technical development of super metal which draws out limit performance of ferrous metal and improves the recyclability. In the study of large-strain deformation, a study was carried out with the use of large-strain deformation of more than 50% per 1 pass (strain rate: 0.7 or more) and multi-phase structure. By the crystal microstructuring technology, a level was reached where approximately 1{mu}m crystal size can be obtained. In the study of high magnetic field utilization, the course of study of the structure control and microstructuring was chosen in the preliminary experiment using the existing 8 tesla magnet, and the design and fabrication of a new 12 tesla large-diameter magnet were conducted. In the study of material structure prediction, modeling of microstructuring by recrystallization and establishment of a material predicting method of micro/multi-phase/mixed-grain structures were made the subjects. In the analysis of the mesoscopic structure, the mesoscopic analysis was made of the 0.3C-9Ni steel microstructured by the large-strain deformation thermal processing, and it was shown that the reflective electronic image measured by varying accelerating voltage gives new structural information. 111 refs., 135 figs., 35 tabs.

  8. Report on the research and development under a consignment from NEDO of high temperature carbon dioxide fixation and utilization technology for fiscal 1996; 1996 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku gyomu seika hokokusho. Nisanka tanso koon bunri kaishu sairiyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the prevention of global warming, this R and D is aimed at separating/recovering high temperature CO2 from high temperature gas at 300degC or above and developing technology for effective use of the recovered CO2 as measures taken for reduction in CO2 emissions from the fixed emission sources. In this fiscal year, the following were proceeded with: heightening of separation performance evaluation technology, promotion of technical development of ceramic separation membranes and supports, and development of element technology of modular integration. In the examinational research on separation technology and system optimization, the following were conducted: survey of trends of the technical development, conceptual design of plant and prediction of process behavior, assessment of applicability of the process, and study of effects of utilization/spread of the developmental technology. In the former R and D, borosilicate glass powder rich in alkali is formed on the ring by joining the trially manufactured hollow fiber type membrane and the same form alumina cylinder, and sealing property and strength which stand measurement of permeability were confirmed. In the latter, an innovative process applied with CO2 high temperature separation technology was studied to examine effects of the spread of high temperature gas separation technology. 403 refs., 478 figs., 134 tabs.

  9. Fiscal 1997 report under consignment from NEDO on photon measuring/processing technology (development of power generation facility use high-function maintenance technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku photon keisoku kako gijutsu (hatsuden shisetsuyo kokino maintenance gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A research/development was conducted on technologies of photon applied measuring/photon applied processing/photon generation which are usable for heightening of reliability and maintenance efficiency of power generation facilities. In fiscal 1997, high melting-point metal particles were manufactured by high energy density laser for formation of high temperature and stabilized fine functional circuit. Further, a wavelength changeable ultra red laser light source was studied which can make in-situ measurement of gas concentration and components. A study was also made to examine the surface composition by measuring fluorescent X-rays emitted by radiating high intensity laser beam on the surface of material. A rod type and a slab type as a high-output complete-solidified laser are under development. There is also a development aiming at high speed/high quality photon processing such as high speed/high precision welding/cutting and laser joining. Besides, a study is being made of high energy pulse/high quality beam complete-solidified laser. The paper made a comprehensive survey of the trend of the photon measuring/monitoring technology, and made a systematical arrangement of the developmental subjects extracted. 142 refs., 357 figs., 62 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D under a consignment from NEDO of environmental technology such as recycling (for public). 1; 1996 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Recycle nado kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo). 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This R and D is aimed at promoting reduction in environmental loads by waste, etc. and reutilization of waste, etc., and at developing environmental technology such as recycling contributing to reducing road traffic noise. Studies were made on operation conditions of material separation in the bottle state and flake state, color separation, washing process, etc. Moreover, tests were conducted on comparisons of performance of shredders with different functions. Running tests of 100,000 times were conducted to confirm effectiveness of durability of the paved road with used papers. Measurement of hardness of the resin using the sol-gel method and coating experiment using organic dye were carried out to study the membrane effect speed and flaw resistance of coating of coloring bottles. Gasification of shredder dust and separation of nonferrous metal and glass were conducted to get the basic data. As to FRP bath tubs, the ratio of glass fiber and plastics was studied and western tiles were trially manufactured. Further studies were made of removal conditions of noncombustibles, chlorine and sulfur content, and reaction conditions of alkali additives including kind, quantity and addition method. 166 figs., 132 tabs.

  11. Current status of and problems in ice heat storage systems contributing to improving load rate. Proliferation and expanded use are intended by using the heat storage commission system and development of low-cost heat storage tanks (Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc.); Fukaritsu kaizen ni kokensuru kori chikunetsu system no genjo to kadai. Chikunetsu jutaku seido ya teikakaku chikunetsuso kaihatsu de fukyu kakudai mezasu (Kansai Denryoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujise, M. [Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)

    1998-02-01

    This paper introduces activities performed by Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. on ice heat storage systems. In the work on ice heat storage proliferation activities, systems for preferential treatment on power charge and a bounty for the system proliferation are available. Utilizing the ice heat storage system allows customers to use low-priced nighttime power as defined in an ice heat adjustment contract. Since this system reduces the power requirement under the contract, the running cost becomes less expensive. Furthermore, power charge discount system has been applied since fiscal 1997 according to a `heat storage peak adjustment contract`. In addition, in order to reduce the initial cost for an ice heat storage device, a system has been established, in which electric power companies pay bounty to device manufacturers for sales for proliferation. Under this system, if two ice heat storage units corresponding to 110 freezing tons are installed in an office building with an area of 10,000 m {sup 2}, a cost reduction of about 2.3 million yen is possible. For the purpose of reducing burden of initial investment on customers, a `lease system` and a `heat storage commission system` have been established to install and maintain air conditioners. 6 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Detailed explanation of organizations and systems of the U.S. Federal Government supporting R and D systems in the U.S. Supplement: New trends of strategies of technology development/acquisition/commercialization of private companies in the U.S.; Beikoku no R and D system wo sasaeru renpo seifu soshiki oyobi seido no shosai kaisetsu. Furoku (Beikoku minkan kigyo no kaihatsu shutoku shogyoka senryaku no shinchoryu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    Explanation was made in detail of systems of the U.S. Federal Government which are useful when NEDO and the Japanese government improve/reform R and D supporting systems in future. Grant is in use for supporting researches conducted by universities, nonprofit organizations, etc. mostly in the field of the basic research. This is a research fund very high in freedom and easy for Grant recipients to handle. Contract, recipients of which are mostly private companies, is used for the system development rather than the basic research. In either system, if there is a possibility of producing any merits as a result of the implementation of the R and D project, the government may sometimes ask the recipient such as university to pay part of the cost. As an intermediate form between both mechanisms, a lot of mechanisms are used in which the government/universities/private companies share the cost, responsibility, results, etc. as partners. These are joint agreements, joint research contracts and alternative contracts. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1997 report on the R and D project consignment from NEDO on industrial science and technology. R and D on total base technology for marine resources (Mn nodules mining system) (total system (experimental plan)); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Kaiyo shigen sogo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (mangan dankai saiko system) seika hokokusho (total system (jikken keikaku) hen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Study was made on the design of experiments for confirming the technological and economical feasibility of commercial production of Mn nodules. An experimental sea area was selected considering Mn nodule characteristics such as concentration, continuity of nodule distribution and nodule size, and sea bottom topographic features such as flatness and exposed bed rock disturbing traveling of nodule collectors. The experimental plan was decided on the basis of the survey and study on an experimental scale, various requirements, weather and sea weather features of the sea area, and sea bottom conditions. Based on the experimental plan, various verification tests and simulation analyses were carried out, and functions of various equipment were confirmed. The conceptual design of a mining system assumed both pump-lift and air-lift systems, and yearly production rates of 2 and 3 million tons by 2 mining barges, and summarized main points of every system. As the evaluation result, the future direction of commercial production of Mn nodules was clarified to a certain extent. 5 figs., 21 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1997 R and D project under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the femtosecond technology (R and D of the monitoring system using high-intensity X-ray pulse for power plants); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (kokido X sen pulse riyo hatsuden shisetsu monitoring system no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports the result on R and D of the femtosecond technology in fiscal 1997. Ultrahigh-speed electronic technology is indispensable for industrial basic technologies supporting the advanced information society in the 21st century. Control technology of photonic and electronic states in a femtosecond region is essential. In R and D of metrological technology using ultra-short light-pulses, study was made on generating and controlling technology for ultra- short light/electron beam pulses. Ti-sapphire mode-locked laser was prepared, and it was found that time-fluctuation of mode-locked laser pulses is measurable up to 100 femtosecond level. As measures against an instability of gain-switching semiconductor laser, light injection from the outside was effective. The stable directivity of laser beam was obtained by regenerative amplifier, while less temperature variation of an optical switch was necessary to stabilize energy. To generate femtosecond high-intensity X-ray pulse by collision of laser and electron beams, it was confirmed that sub- picosecond synchronization is possible by RF and picosecond laser synchronization circuit. 48 refs., 89 figs., 11 tabs.

  15. Comparison of APR1400 safety between brake site and shin-Kori site Due to the difference in the climate conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoon, Ho Joon; Lee, Jeong Ik; Lee, Jeong Ik

    2012-01-01

    Brake Nuclear Power Plant (BNPP) is now under the construction based on APR1400 designed by Korean Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO). APR1400 is a two loop pressurized water reactor, the nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) US designed for about put of 4,000 MWt, with a corresponding electrical output of approximately 1,390 MWe. The first APR1400 (SKN 3 and 4) constructed in Shin-Kori, Korea has been modified according to the surrounding environment of the United Arab Emirates. In this paper, authors would like to compare safety issues between B NPP and Skin due to the changes of surroundings, since the site characteristics are very different. For instance, the mean annual air temperature in the UAE is 28 .deg. C and the peak air temperature was recorded as 48.8 .deg. C. Sea temperatures are varying from 17. deg. C in January to 35. deg. C in August, while that of Korea is in 9-16. deg. C range. Hot climate of UAE and the malfunction of HVAC system can lead the increasing of the water temperature in safety injection system (SIS). The heated water in SIS may affect the safety margin of the peak cladding temperature (PCT). The change of PCT and response time according to design basis accident scenarios such as large break LOCA are analyzed in detail. To evaluate such effect, Mars code was utilized to evaluate assumed condition by KAIST and the analyses of the results were carried out by Khalifa Univ.

  16. [Analysis of tension-distraction state in the shin bones fractures in conditions of external fixation with application of apparatuses with different spatially oriented supports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutsuliak, V I

    2014-09-01

    In Autodesk Inventor 11 program, using method of end-capping elements, a three- dimensional computeric modelling of biomechanical systems of two models was conducted: I - "tibia - Ilizarov's apparatus with concentric location of supports"; II - "tibia - Ilizarov's apparatus with excentric location of supports". The loading, which was applied towards distal fragment in 6 standard degrees of freedom, was modelled for studying of the fixation rigidity of tibial fragments in these systems. Determination of the loading value in various directions, in which the fragment have had shifted by 1 mm, have constituted the main task of the investigation. In a model II a rigidity of the fragments fixation, in comparison with such in a model I, is bigger by 631.43% - while applying a compression loading, by 8.35 - 31.75% - the transversal one and by 19.72% - the rotation loading. While choosing the method of transosteal osteosynthesis of the shin bones the advantage, have the apparatuses with excentric location of supports, what secures the enhanced rigidity of the fragments fixation in comparison with such in apparatuses with concentric location of supports. Although, even in excentric location of supports in the apparatus the fixation rigidity is insufficient for early full loading of the traumatized extremity while walking. It is necessary to elaborate such apparatus, the form of which may be adopted toanatomic configuration of segment.

  17. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment form NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials (technical development of structure control materials / R and D of molecular harmonized materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (kozo seigyo zairyo gijutsu kaihatsu) bunshi kyocho zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    By establishing microtechnology using molecular-level bottoming-up (molecular harmonization) by imitating the system of living organism, the paper described the R and D of molecular harmonized materials aiming at developing high-functional/high-performance materials such as high-performance catalyst, photo-information functional materials and sensing materials. Under consignment from NEDO, Japan Chemical innovation Institute started the 5-year plan in fiscal 1997. Self-assembled molecular films, in which organic molecules are orderly arranged by self-assembly, aim at developing new memory/optical/sensing materials. Mesophase materials which are such materials as liquid crystal showing the intermediate state between solid and liquid, develop optical/photoconductive materials using precise molecular orientation controllability. Macroporous materials are such substances as zeolite having molecular size micro pores. The paper aims at establishment of synthesis techniques of them and development of high-performance catalyst, etc. using them. In the comprehensive investigational research, conducted was a survey of the trend overseas in addition to a study of subjects in question. Further, the supporting basic study was reconsigned to universities, etc. 57 refs., 62 figs., 17 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials (technical development of structure control materials / R and D of multi-stimuli-responsive materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (kozo seigyo zairyo gijutsu kaihatsu) kodo shigeki oto zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper described multi-stimuli-responsive materials out of the technology developments for creating original high-functional materials under the system of R and D of industrial scientific technologies. These are materials which repeatedly reproduce functions such as separation, penetration and movement in response to stimuli by imitating living organisms. In relation to polymer multi-stimuli-responsive materials, various copolymers were synthesized using N-acetyl (meta) acrylamide, of which the synthesis method was established in the previous fiscal year, as a main component, and thermal responsive polymer with upper critical solution temperature which becomes a base of separation functional materials was searched for. By immobilizing it with molecular recognition ligand, measured was thermal dependence of affinity of the immobilized matter to albumin. Also studied were molecular recognition cell adhesion/separation functional materials. Concerning composite multi-stimuli-responsive materials, with the use of silica microcapsule surface-immobilized with silane coupling agent, studied were the optimum conditions for immobilizing thermo-responsive polymer to the surface of the capsule. Using motion functional materials by ion exchange resin, obtained was motion functionality which is satisfactory at the state of practical use. 94 refs., 82 figs., 16 tabs.

  19. FY 1998 survey report. Survey to prepare a data book related to new energy technology development (Trends on the waste power generation, solar heat utilization, geothermal power generation, clean energy cars, coal liquefaction/coal gasification and new energy); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (haikibutsu hatsuden, taiyonetsu riyo, chinetsu hatsuden, clean energy, jidosha, sekitan ekika gas ka oyobi shin energy kanren doko)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Together with the progress of technology development, policies for the introduction/promotion of new energy technology are being developed such as promotion of the commercialization development, revision of the law system, and expansion of the subsidy system for promotion. To push the introduction/promotion forward more effectively, it is necessary to arrange various kinds of data comprehensively/systematically and to make them the basic data for contribution to the spread/education. As to the six fields of the waste power generation, solar heat utilization, geothermal power generation, clean energy cars, coal liquefaction, and coal gasification of the technology fields of new energy, this report collected/arranged the data made public recently in terms mainly of the following: trends of the introduction in Japan and abroad, policy/law/subsidy system in Japan and abroad, cost, system outline, basic terms, a list of the main affiliated companies and groups, and the nation's outlook for energy introduction and policies of each new energy technology in Japan and abroad, and the trends. Moreover, characteristics by field were described of the state of the commercialization/introduction of new energy technology. (NEDO)

  20. Development in fiscal 1999 of technologies to put photovoltaic power generation systems into practical use. Development of thin film solar cell manufacturing technologies (Development of technologies to manufacture applied type thin film solar cells with new structure and development of high-efficiency hybrid thin film/sheet solar cells); 1999 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (oyogata shin kozo usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (kokoritsu hybrid gata usumaku / sheet taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to develop low-cost and high-efficiency hybrid thin film/sheet solar cells, research and development has been performed. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. The research is related to a hybrid construction, in which the upper cells of amorphous silicon thin film are formed on the lower cells bonded with micro-crystalline silicon thin film relative to a poly-crystalline silicon sheet. In the technology to form the upper cells, a pin-construction using amorphous silicon thin film made by using the plasma CVD process was adopted, whereas an open circuit voltage of 1.45V, a short circuit current of 13.6 mA/cm{sup 2}, and a conversion efficiency of 13.5% were obtained. In the technology to form the substrate for the lower cells, formation of flat silicon thin plate that can be peeled off was identified as a result of adopting the construction in which a graphite substrate is provided on a rotating cooling body of 12-prism type. With regard to the technology to bond and form the lower cells, electrical properties of hetero-bonded cells were discussed, and an open circuit voltage of 0.605V and a conversion efficiency of 14.3% were obtained as a result of enhancing the film quality and optimizing the film thickness. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the study under a consignment from NEDO of environmental friendly type metal base-materials recycling utilization basic technology and element/overall process. For public; 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko kyodo kenkyu itaku. Kankyo chowagata kinzokukei sozai kaisei riyo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu: yoso sogo process kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A study of `the next generation new iron steel making process` was conducted in which impurity elements in scrap are removed and recycled into high quality steel making materials, and at the same time total emissions are reduced during the process from scrap melting to steel making. The paper reported the fiscal 1996 results. In the study of the scrap recycling process, conducted were a study of the total system to remove impurities in the high temperature preheating furnace, a large scale experiment of de-coaling combined type de-coppering/de-tinning under reduced pressure of iron melting, a study of recycling technology of dust to the scrap melting furnace, etc. In the study on preheating/melting technology, a study of the scrap melting furnace of high-productivity/low-energy vertical type, a study of the scrap preheating method using the packed bed type preheating furnace, a study on the flue gas control at the time of preheating/melting, a study of the fast assessment method for organic compounds in flue gas, etc. In the evaluation of the total system, a study of preheating/melting/environmental systems using experimental plants. 20 refs., 23 figs., 10 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the synthesis and processing of advanced biomaterials (fixation and effective utilization of carbon dioxide using peptides); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Senshin bio zairyo no sosei kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (peptide oyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In fiscal 1997, study was made on formation of peptides with a biogenic function and molecular recognition function, and peptide materials. The existing automatic design technique of peptides including non-natural amino acids was applied to design of complementary peptides of proteins with known structures to optimize a development technique of ligand. Practical function of peptides as advanced receptor ligand was verified by applying the existing conformation control technique to stable holding of peptide active conformation. Creation of bio-materials, and development of preparation technology of bio-substrates and materializing technology of functional molecular materials were carried out. To construct an electron transfer system by self- organized body of peptides formed on a substrate, a peptide molecular device was prepared and verified using linkers. To use peptides as photoelectron functional molecule, metallized peptide with main helix structure was prepared. The possibility of molecular materials with a fixation function of CO2 was examined. A high-sensitivity bio-sensor was also mentioned. 75 refs., 130 figs., 25 tabs.

  3. Feeling of reality, bodily sensation, and pleasant perspiration. Let's play and learn town of natural energy (New energy vision in Shin-asahi Town in Shiga Prefecture); Jikkan taikan kaikan. Asonde manabo shizen energy no machi (Shinasahicho energy vision)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to build a resource circulation type society, a basic guideline was established for introducing new energies upon investigating the status of new energy existence, problems and countermeasure thereon to encounter when setting and introducing the targeted introduction values, and specific measures for promoting the introduction. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) the background and purpose, 2) summary of Shin-asahi Town, 3) energy demand and supply conditions in Shin-asahi Town, 4) natural energies available in Shin-asahi Town, 5) directionality of the energy vision, 6) specific targets and introduction scenario, and 7) the energy vision promotion systems. In item 6, the target of introduction in fiscal 2010 was set to 36,300 Gcal/year (reduction of CO2 emission of 15% of the 1999 criterion). The scenario discusses energy efficiency improvement, solar energy, wind power generation, small hydropower generation, and bio-mass. For the efficiency improvement, construction of a natural energy park with wind mills was taken up for the purpose of enlightenment and education of the residents. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Regional consortium activity in its 3rd year (Research and development of technologies for creating novel organic electroluminescent devices); 1999 nendo shin'yuki electroluminescence device no sosei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Development is reported of an autoluminescent planar display and a free shape novel light source based on the technology of creating organic electroluminescent (EL) devices. A small dose of desiccant is added to an inorganic amorphous protecting film, and then high reliability is attained with the film staying in service for 30,000 hours or more. Technologies of ensuring uniform luminescence on a 100 times 100mm large screen and forming a 0.2mm pitch electrode pattern are established, and a 320 times 240 dot simple matrix display is developed. Novel red luminescent materials are developed, which are luminescent materials which incorporate Eu ions as luminescent seeds and exhibit a sharp luminescent spectrum, and novel organic materials. Novel blue luminescent materials are also developed. As for white luminescent materials, two types of novel pigments are developed. Studies are under way to apply amphoteric carrier transport materials to EL devices. A novel sealing technology is established which uses a composite material made of fine glass powder and UV setting resin. A SiON-based protecting film is successfully fabricated by which the internal stress is minimized. A technology is established of fabricating a diamond-like carbon (DLC) film for the protection of electrodes and wiring circuits. (NEDO)

  5. Survey for preparing the database for R and D of new engines. Waste power generation, solar heat system, geothermal power generation, clean energy vehicle, coal liquefaction/gasification, and combined systems; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Haikibutsu hatsuden, taiyonetsu riyo, chinetsu hatsuden, clean energy jidosha, sekitan ekika gas ka oyobi odanteki tema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The present developmental conditions and issues of new energies are systematically arranged for effective promotion of their diffusion. One hundred and forty six general waste power generation facilities of 558,000kW are in operation in 1995, and among them 89 facilities supplies 1,080 GWh to power companies. 50 industrial waste power facilities of 247,000kW are in operation. 20,000 solar systems and 180,000 hot water heaters are in operation in 1995. Commercial geothermal power generation facilities of 490,000kW and private ones of 36,000kW are in operation. Introduction of expensive clean energy vehicles is making very slow progress. The pilot study on bituminous coal liquefaction is in promotion mainly by NEDO. The experiment of entrained bed coal gasification in Nakoso was successfully completed, and development of a commercial plant is to be expected. Power rates of 10 power companies were reduced in 1996, and unit purchase prices of surplus power of photovoltaic and wind power generation were also revised. The new menu and unit purchase price were announced in 1996 for surplus power of waste power generation and fuel cell. 67 figs., 284 tabs.

  6. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the cooperative research project under consignment from NEDO on technology for simply setting-up of the molding conditions of engineering plastics; 1997 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku (Engineering plastic no seikei joken kan`i settei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo seika hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A cooperative research project was carried out between Japan and Thailand with the aim of developing a system which can simply set up molding conditions using as elements the technology on mold design and injection molding in plastic parts production and the experiment/evaluation technology for making sure of the quality of molded products. In fiscal 1997, based on the basic plan worked out in the previous fiscal year, molding equipment, auxiliary equipment, mold, experimental equipment, injection molding CEA system, etc. were installed at Thailand`s BSID (Bureau of Supporting Industries Development). Supported by equipment manufacturers, the technical guidance was given for operation/maintenance/control of all equipment. At the same time, researchers were sent from Japan, and the joint research was started. Japan received three researchers from BSID for training of molding technology, injection molding CEA program use technology, and experimental evaluation technology. The engineering plastics used for study are polyacetal, polyamide and polycarbonate. 17 refs., 68 figs., 14 tabs.

  7. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Surveys and studies on patents and information (Surveys on information about new energy technology development); 1978 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys on information about new energy technology development in fiscal 1978 in the Sunshine Project. The present fiscal year performed the surveys on the United States and France as the main subjects. For the solar energy development in the United States, surveys were made on power generation using solar heat, solar cells, difference in ocean temperatures, satellites, biomass, and solar energy air conditioning systems. Geothermal energy development was also surveyed. For coal energy, surveys were done on coal liquefaction, gasification, high-temperature gas turbines and MHD power generation. The U.S. energy policy has various kinds of cards. For the solar energy development in France, heat conversion and photo-cell conversion systems were surveyed, while the authorities take development promotion measures on solar heat conversion system under the judgement that this is the only contributor to the new energy development. Surveys were performed on trends in biomass as the biological energy conversion means of the solar energy. Geothermal energy is being advanced of development following that for the solar energy. Surveys were made also on power generation systems using wind power, wave power and difference in ocean temperatures. This paper dwells also on waste heat utilization, cogeneration, and heat pumps as examples for energy conservation means. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Survey and research on patent and information (Survey of new energy technology development information - Hydrogen and other energies); 1981nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa seika hokokusho. Suiso sonotano energy hen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Surveys are conducted and the results are reported on the development of technologies in the U.S., Canada, Britain, West Germany, and France, for hydrogen energy, and for wind power, biomass power, marine power, wave power, etc. In the U.S., development funds are being introduced by the Government into wind power systems since 1975, and part of the power is utilized in the fields of agriculture and power supply business. The task is now being transferred from the Government to private sector businesses. Probabilities are that hydrogen will not be an important source of energy in the U.S. In the Province of Ontario, Canada, where there is surplus electricity, people have a great interest in the development of hydrogen energy, and there is a task force to discuss hydrogen energy. As for wind power, it is already in the realm of practical application. In Britain, wind power is expected to come into practical use very early, and the first practical plant will begin its service operation by 1984. As for the study of tidal power, however, it is narrowed down to a project at the mouth of the Severn river. As for hydrogen energy, the research remains at the basic stage, and the energy enjoys but a low precedence. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey for a data book on new energy technology development. Waste power generation, solar energy utilization. geothermal power generation, clean energy vehicles, coal liquefaction/gasification, and traverse themes; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (haikibutsu hatsuden, taiyonetsu riyo, chinetsu hatsuden, clean energy jidosha, sekitan ekika gas ka oyobi odanteki theme)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper collected and arranged data on new energy technology. As to the waste power generation, in terms of general waste, 161 places have power generation facilities, 657,000 kW in output, as of the end of FY 1996. Out of them, 100 facilities (scale of output: 555,000 kW) are selling power. In terms of industrial waste, 53 places (209,000 kW) have power generation facilities. The output will be 2 million kW in FY 2000. In relation to the solar energy utilization, the number of solar systems introduced in FY 1996 is 25,000, that of water heating appliances produced in FY 1996 is 170,000. Geothermal power of 494,000 kW and 37,000 kW was introduced for electric power industry use and private use, respectively. Clean energy vehicles have not been so much spread, but the hybrid car was put on sale in 1997. Concerning the coal liquefaction, the R and D were made at a pilot plant of NEDOL process, and operation started in 1997. As to the coal gasification, investigational study and element study on the demonstration plant are being conducted in FY 1997 and 1998, making use of the research results obtained from the existing pilot plant of coal gasification combined power generation

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of technologies for creating new organic electroluminescent devices (2nd fiscal year); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shin'yuki electronics ruminessensu device no sosei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim of the efforts was to commercialize a multicolor, organic electroluminescent (EL) display and an energy efficient light source, to develop a highly efficient luminescent material, and to develop a protecting film for use in optical and electronic devices and technologies to seal the protecting film. Achievements in fiscal 1998 are mentioned below. The Kyushu office of Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., manufactured a uniformly luminescent large screen, and Nisimu Electronic Industry Co., Ltd., fabricated a luminescent organic film by the wet method. As for materials, Dojindo mass-synthesized a hole transfer material, developed a new carrier transfer material, and developed a high-performance luminescent material. Daiden Co., Ltd., produced rare earth complexes and laminated pevskite. As for packaging technology, Shoei Chemical Co. developed a low-expansion glass filler, Kyushu University's Advanced Technology Joint Research Center formed an SiON protecting film on an EL device, and Fukuoka Mechanic and Electric Laboratory produced a DLC (diamond-like carbon) film. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1998 results of the regional consortium R and D project/the venture promotion type regional consortium R and D (small-/medium-size venture creation type). Development of a new X-ray wavelength-modulated diffraction system; 1998 nendo hacho henco kaisetsuho wo mochiita shin x sen kaisetsu hochi no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the wavelength-modulated X-ray diffraction method, noting that synchrotron radiation (SR) is a high luminance white light with the continuous wavelength distribution, the Blagg refection from crystals is recorded by continuously changing the wavelength. The paper described the results of the development. The camera distance/diameter were made variable in connection with the wavelength modulation. By expanding the area (enlargement of screen) of imaging plate (IP) by Weissenberg camera method, the number of diffraction dots increased, and the data on wavelength gradient were made exact. The camera was completed as designed by introducing X-ray beams, adjusting collimator, specimens, and position of IP. The concentrating mirror device is integrated into the beam line of the SR center, and mirror effects were confirmed through the actual synchrotron radiation. The function of wavelength modulation of double crystal spectrometer was also confirmed. Two kinds of ferrocene derivatives were synthesized of which the wavelength modulation effect is expected as specimen for functional test. Monocrystals were successfully raised, and measured by wavelength-modulated X-ray diffraction device. The validity of phase determination function of the developmental device was confirmed with the results of the existing structure analysis as reference. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Regional consortium activity in its 3rd year (Research and development of technologies for creating novel organic electroluminescent devices); 1999 nendo shin'yuki electroluminescence device no sosei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Development is reported of an autoluminescent planar display and a free shape novel light source based on the technology of creating organic electroluminescent (EL) devices. A small dose of desiccant is added to an inorganic amorphous protecting film, and then high reliability is attained with the film staying in service for 30,000 hours or more. Technologies of ensuring uniform luminescence on a 100 times 100mm large screen and forming a 0.2mm pitch electrode pattern are established, and a 320 times 240 dot simple matrix display is developed. Novel red luminescent materials are developed, which are luminescent materials which incorporate Eu ions as luminescent seeds and exhibit a sharp luminescent spectrum, and novel organic materials. Novel blue luminescent materials are also developed. As for white luminescent materials, two types of novel pigments are developed. Studies are under way to apply amphoteric carrier transport materials to EL devices. A novel sealing technology is established which uses a composite material made of fine glass powder and UV setting resin. A SiON-based protecting film is successfully fabricated by which the internal stress is minimized. A technology is established of fabricating a diamond-like carbon (DLC) film for the protection of electrodes and wiring circuits. (NEDO)

  13. Industrial and scientific technology research and development project fiscal 1997 commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization. Report on research and development of a brain type computer architecture `trial fabrication and high-level evaluation on chips for a large-scale artificial neural system` and on results of evaluation studies on the chips; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Nogata computer architecture no kenkyu kaihatsu `daikibo jinko shinkei kairo system yo chip no shisaku to kodo hyoka` chip hyoka kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to develop a brain type computer architecture, a brain mimic processor (BMP) has been developed (which was made in LSI in fiscal 1997), and studies are being made on developing its applications. Development has been made on an element in which linkage of one million cells with one thousand neural cells can be realized. Evaluation substrates mounted with the BMP, control software, and compilers were provided to 15 organizations including the National Research Institutes, universities, corporations, and other societies (for 19 themes) to evaluate capability of the LSI and its application development. All of the research organizations are using these items utilizing features of the LSI or the network for such purposes as learning, storage, recognition and control. The applicable theme may include infrared spectrum pattern recognition and domain division of document images using neural network functions. It can also include structural analysis of mass spectrum molecules, time series pattern recognition, location of corresponding points in images, estimation of moving images, satellite control, character recognition, short time storage, long-term association memory models, and invention process studies, all utilizing the functions of the BMP. 71 refs., 89 figs., 9 tabs.

  14. Diverse bone scan abnormalities in shin splints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spencer, R.P.; Levinson, E.D.; Baldwin, R.D.; Sziklas, J.J.; Witek, J.T.; Rosenberg, R.

    1979-01-01

    Four young patients who presented with pain over the anterior compartment of the legs, gave a recent athletic history suggesting stress fractures. Although radiographs were initially normal in all four cases, the bone scintigrams were positive. The individual findings, however, were quite different. In one there was a single focal area of increased radioactivity in each of the tibias; the second patient had uneven uptake of radiotracer and several foci of accumulation in the fibulas; the third showed diffuse linear tibial uptake suggesting periosteal lesions; and the fourth case revealed uptake in the lateral malleolus and in bones of the foot

  15. Fiscal 1996 project on the modeling for effective energy consumption in developing countries under a consignment from NEDO. Recent on the results of the demonstrative study on scrap preheater of electric furnace in the iron making process (for public); 1996 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka model jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Seitetsu katei ni okeru denkiro no genryo yonetsu sochi ni kakawaru jissho kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Indonesia is the biggest iron steel producing country in the ASEAN countries. Most of the production is produced by the electric furnace method in which iron steel scrap is used as a material. However, an energy saving measure in this method, the electric furnace scrap preheater using flue gas, has not yet been spread on a full scale. This R and D is aimed at developing jointly with Indonesia an electric furnace scrap preheater for medium/small size electric furnaces which are adoptable to the present iron making situation in Indonesia and installing it to the electric furnace of the iron making plant in Indonesia for a demonstrative study on energy saving, etc. Spread/expansion of the electric furnace scrap preheater which is an excellent energy saving system targeted expansion of energy saving technology not only of Indonesia, but of ASEAN countries and Japan. In this fiscal year, remodeling of part of the system was made by change of flue gas flow for increasing the energy saving effect, and at the same time, a research study was made of a scrap reheater effective as a total system. Moreover, the paper investigated technical data/information in Japan and overseas. 3 figs., 9 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 1985 Sunshine Program achievement report. Development for practical application of photovoltaic system (Verification of experimental low cost silicon refining - Development of technology for chlorosilane hydrogen-reduction process); 1985 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tei cost silicon jikken seisei kensho (chlorosilane no suiso kangen kotei no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    The operation continues of the experimental device capable of producing 10 tons/year of SOG (spun on glass)-Si, and efforts are under way to carry out improvements, to verify such improvements for the results, and to develop operation control technologies. During the operation, improvements are made with respect to the length of stable operation period, granule quality, and device operation, and the results are verified. An automated control test system is verified, and a reactor tube newly developed by Shin-Etsu Chemical Company is subjected to a durability verification test. On the other hand, development is started of SiC-CVD (chemical vapor deposition) technology for materials for large reactor tubes, studies are started on a basic experimental device, basic studies are conducted for designing a large reactor, and investigations are conducted of a large plant conceptual design, an automated control system for reactors, and so forth. The results achieved are all found to be satisfactory. Above all, the granule quality is improved to be quite high in purity, and a cast cell made from improved granules exhibits a photoelectric conversion efficiency to exceed 13%. It is also found that the newly developed reactor tube is stronger than conventional reactor tubes and will be advantageous over others in the future enlargement of devices. (NEDO)

  17. Accuracy of parameters of permeable fractures by hydrophone VSP; Hydrophone VSP ni yoru tosuisei kiretsu no tokusei hyoka no seido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiguchi, T; Ito, H; Kuwahara, Y; Miyazaki, T [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Yabuuchi, S; Hasegawa, K [Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    Hydrophone VSP (vertical seismic profiling) experiment is under way as a technique for detecting subsurface water-permeable cracks by use of boreholes and for evaluating their characteristics (permeability index, crack direction, dip angle). In this report, tube waves observed by hydrophone VSP are subjected to analysis for the determination of water-permeable crack characteristics, the impact caused by errors in the value inputted for analysis is estimated, and a model calculation is performed in case there is no agreement between data from the borehole and data from VSP, all for examining the VSP records for accuracy. When an error rate of 15% is given to the tube wave/P-wave amplitude ratio, a change of 40% or lower results in the permeability index, and a change of 10deg or less in the dip angle, which means that an error in the amplitude ratio does not affect the analysis very much. Changes in the amplitude ratio resulting from changes in crack direction and dip angle differ, dependent on the offset rate. When angular differences among plural crack directions are within 90deg and dip angles within 60deg, the result of analysis represents the average characteristics of the plural cracks. 7 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Accuracy of FEM 3-D modeling in the electromagnetic methods; Denjiho ni okeru FEM 3 jigen modeling no seido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sasaki, Y [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-10-01

    Analytical methods considering 3-D resistivity distribution, in particular, finite element method (FEM) were studied to improve the reliability of electromagnetic exploration. Integral equation, difference calculus, FEM and hybrid method are generally used as computational 3-D modeling method. FEM is widely used in various fields because FEM can easily handle complicated shapes and boundaries. However, in electromagnetic method, the assumption of continuous electric field is pointed out as important problem. The normal (orthogonal) component of current density should be continuous at the boundary between media with different conductivities, while this means that the normal component of electric field is discontinuous. In FEM, this means that current channeling is not properly considered, resulting in poor accuracy. Unless this problem is solved, FEM modeling is not practical. As one of the solutions, it is promising to specifically incorporate interior boundary conditions into element equation. 4 refs., 11 figs.

  19. Fiscal 2000 report on geothermal energy development promotion survey. Phase 1. Report on environmental impact survey in No. C-5 Appi district (Hot spa fluctuation); 2000 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa hokokusho. No. C-5. Appi chiiki kankyo chosa (onsen hendo) dai 1 ji

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    For the assessment of the environmental impact to be produced by geothermal exploration well boring and short-term outburst tests, water in hot spas, fountains, and rivers in and around the Appi survey district was inspected for fluctuation. A survey was conducted of multiple components to help analysis of the geothermal reservoir structure. Distributed in the alteration zone in this district are the hot spas of Kusanoyu, Shin-Kusanoyu, Appi, and so forth, and, in the vicinity, numerous hot spas including Iwahatanoyu belonging to the Appi hot spa. In the multiple component survey, 12 hot spas, 1 fountain, 8 rivers, and 2 gas wells were subjected to measurement. In the fluctuation survey, 5 hot spas, 1 fountain, 5 rivers, and the amount of precipitation were subjected to measurement. In the survey of river bottom quality and river bed rocks, river bottom quality was checked at 18 spots and river bed rocks at 12 spots. It was found that fluctuation was great in the amount of welling water at Kusanoyu, Shin-kusanoyu, and Appi, with the coefficient of fluctuation recording 10 or more. A negative correlation was detected between the welling amount and water temperature. It is deemed that the hot water spurts out of natural fountains or shallow wells and that its temperature tends to grow lower with an increase in meteoric water by which it is diluted. (NEDO)

  20. New alloys for structural application. Kikai kozoyo shin kinzoku zairyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, T [Kogakuin Univ., Tokyo (Japan)

    1993-01-15

    As recent advance on the scientific technologies is amazing, the materials having new function or excellent performance have been developed. Speaking on some recent examples, they can be divided roughly to one group belonging to invention of materials themselves such as oxide superconductors and compounds semi-conductors, and the other belonging to the products as invention of epoc-making material manufacturing methods such as noncrystalline alloys and particle dispersion reinforced alloys (ODS). In this report, first, some new metallic materials introduced relatively recently and converting many technical innovations in wide range of machinery field, such as titanium alloys, refractory alloys having nickel group, aluminium-lithium alloys, HSLA steels composed of reduced weight of alloy elements and having higher strengths than those of carbon-steels and various properties, intermetallic materials such as Ni3Al and others are described, and next, mechanical alloying and its particle dispersion reinforced alloys, liquid phase rapid cooling process and its noncrystalline alloy-rapid cooling cohesion powder sintering alloys, and others are summarized under the paths from their birth to present status. 31 refs., 12 figs., 5 tabs.

  1. The medial tibial stress syndrome. A cause of shin splints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mubarak, S J; Gould, R N; Lee, Y F; Schmidt, D A; Hargens, A R

    1982-01-01

    The medial tibial stress syndrome is a symptom complex seen in athletes who complain of exercise-induced pain along the distal posterior-medial aspect of the tibia. Intramuscular pressures within the posterior compartments of the leg were measured in 12 patients with this disorder. These pressures were not elevated and therefore this syndrome is a not a compartment syndrome. Available information suggests that the medial tibial stress syndrome most likely represents a periostitis at this location of the leg.

  2. Relation between riding quality of MAGLEV vehicle and guideway construction accuracy. Chodendo jiki fujoshiki tetsudo guideway no seko seido to norigokochi level

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuura, A; Hashimoto, S; Furukawa, A [Railway Technology Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-01-15

    Good riding quality of MAGLEV vehicle requires construction of its guideway to a high level of accuracy. This paper discusses the relation of the power spectrum density (hereinafter the PSD) made up of guideway construction accuracy and its deviation with the level of riding comfort. The discussion uses the 'riding comfort affecting coefficient' consisting of the unit construction length, vehicle's travelling speed, and vibration characteristics. The PSD, which has been used to evaluate track deviation in the iron wheel/rail system railways, is derived from the number of limit exceeded point, the value 'P' as a track deviation coefficient, and the PSD. The relation between the standard deviation in construction errors and the PSD was derived based on track construction methods. This calculation method is characterized by a function with a step form. The relation between the deviation and the level was quantified using this PSD. Its practicability was verified by a simulated re-inspection of the guideway deviation. Correlation between the level and the construction accuracy was elucidated, and a method for determining the criteria for construction accuracy was established. A side wall beam installing vehicle has been fabricated on a trial basis for a side wall system for the guideway, and installation accuracy tests are being carried out. 14 refs., 12 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. Report for fiscal 2001 investigations on energy saving assistance institutions in different countries; 2001 nendo kakkoku no sho energy shien seido ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Taking up China, India, Indonesia and Thailand as the object, investigations were performed on political financing measures that can be used for installing energy saving facilities, and on applicable preferential taxation systems that are applied in each country. Indonesia has no aid measures such as subsidies and political financing directly purposed for energy conservation. Import duty exemption is applied for the purpose of promoting investments. Three kinds of funds are available through IFCT to implement fund aid to protect the environment. Energy saving fund has been established as an energy saving policy to provide subsidies. Energy saving machineries recognized by the investment committee are exempted from the import duties. India has no political financing measures directly purposed for energy conservation. Its preferential taxation system for energy conservation includes the 100% accelerated amortization system for energy saving machineries and facilities, and the preferential import duty system. In China, the financing from the China National Development Bank is considered utilizable in installing energy saving facilities. The country has no aid measures in the taxation system, but fund aid and subsidy by supplementing interest are provided. (NEDO)

  4. Improvement of prediction accuracy of large eddy simulation on colocated grids; Colocation koshi wo mochiita LES no keisan seido kaizen ni kansuru ichikosatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inagaki, M.; Abe, K. [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan)

    1998-07-25

    With the recent advances in computers, large eddy simulation (LES) has become applicable to engineering prediction. However, most cases of the engineering applications need to use the nonorthgonal curvilimear coordinate systems. The staggered grids, usually used in LES in the orthgonal coordinates, don`t keep conservative properties in the nonorthgonal curvilinear coordinates. On the other hand, the colocated grids can be applied in the nonorthgonal curvilinear coordinates without losing its conservative properties, although its prediction accuracy isn`t so high as the staggered grid`s in the orthgonal coordinates especially with the coarse grids. In this research, the discretization method of the colocated grids is modified to improve its prediction accuracy. Plane channel flows are simulated on four grids of different resolution using the modified colocated grids and the original colocated grids. The results show that the modified colocated grids have higher accuracy than the original colocated grids. 17 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 (edition B) on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Research by using experimental device); 1999 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho (B ban). Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Jikken sochi ni yoru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective of using practically the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), developmental research has been performed on important elementary technologies using different experimental devices. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the research by using a small testing apparatus, the Taiheiyo coal was used to have performed demonstration operation on the replacement natural maximized case, the heat efficiency maximized case, and the BTX maximized case. As a result, the three cases were found nearly as anticipated in the simulation, whereas the replacement natural gas maximized case has achieved the targeted whole coal conversion rate of 60% or more. However, the BTX maximized case presented a value lower than the targeted BTX yield of 12%. In the developmental research on the injector, the injector having been fabricated for the hot model test was given another combustion test, where the focal temperature of 1,200 degree C or higher was derived. The hot model test has verified the non-agglomeration performance of coal by using as parameters the focal temperatures, coal cross sectional area loads, coal types, and injectors. It was verified that the Taiheiyo and Shin Mu coals do not agglomerate excessively. (NEDO)

  6. New energy vision of the Tono City area; 2001 nendo Tonoshi shin energy vision. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    As a leading plan to reconsider the resource consumption in large quantities and to change the society to a circulation type, a new energy vision of the Tono City area was worked out in Tono City, Iwate Prefecture. In this vision, FY 2002 was set as the first fiscal year, and FY 2010 as the target year. From the comprehensive judgement based on the objective availability, technical evaluation, civic needs, etc., biomass energy, wind energy, solar energy, etc. were made the main energy in new energy introduction. As model projects, studied were the introduction of solar energy utilization facilities to Kamigo Elementary School, introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to Aozasa Nursery School and disaster prevention base facilities, project on the wind power generation using large wind turbines, biomass alcohol plant, wood pellet production, etc. The target amount of new energy introduction was 2,640 kW in photovoltaic power generation, 19,000 kW in wind power generation, etc. The CO2 reduction amount including that in heat utilization, clean energy car, etc. was 41,374 t-CO2/y. (NEDO)

  7. Regional new energy vision formulated for Murakami City; 2001 nendo Murakami shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo. Murakami shi shin energy puran

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Murakami City, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy consumption in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the city is estimated at 78,000 kL in terms of oil. The residential/commercial sector consumes 24,000 kL, the industrial sector 28,000 kL, and the transportation sector 26,000 kL, with the three sectors demanding similar amounts. The carbon dioxide emitted by the sectors is estimated at 223,000 t-CO2/year. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included hot water supply, heating, road heating, and power generation, all these utilizing heat from the Senami hot spa; biogas fueled power generation and BDF (bio-diesel) bus operation in the Senami hot spa district; the introduction of a hybrid wind power/photovoltaic power generation system into Ogata Seaside Park; the introduction of a mini-scale hydroelectric power generation system into the Kamikaifu district; a large-scale wind power generation business at the Iwafune district; the introduction of wind power and photovoltaic power generation facilities into primary and junior high schools; the use of clean energy vehicles for official use; and so forth. (NEDO)

  8. Regional new energy vision for Soryo Town, Hiroshima Prefecture; 2001 nendo Soryo cho chiiki shin energy vision. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    A regional new energy vision was formulated for the town for 'contributing to the solution of environmental problems' and 'contributing to the reenergization of the regional community through utilizing resources in the region.' The final energy consumption of the town is 103,315 times 10{sup 3} MJ, with the transportation sector accounting for a percentage higher than the nation-wide average. The town is characterized in that it has but a small number of manufacturers, offices, or stores. As for new energy, it was estimated that 9117 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year would be gained by methanol produced from cultured weed, 5696 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year by medium/small-scale hydropower generation, 5,233 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year by photovoltaic power generation, and so forth. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included medium/small-scale hydropower generation at a counter dam; the introduction of photovoltaic power into principal public facilities, general households, and agricultural facilities; introduction of solar heat appliances into principal public facilities and general households; introduction of clean energy automobiles into the town office and general households; and the introduction of pellet-fired stoves into principal public facilities and general households. (NEDO)

  9. Tohoku Town developing with new energy. New energy vision of the Tohoku town area; 2001 nendo Tohoku machi chiiki shin energy vision. Shin energy de hiraku Tohoku machi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Tohoku Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the potential utilization of new energy, etc., and a vision was worked out. The population of Tohoku Town was 10,662 according to the results of the national census taken in 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The energy consumption amount of Tohoku Town was estimated at 280,977 Gcal/y, and the consumption of fossil fuel in the commercial/residential sector stands out. This is because a lot of kerosene is consumed in the area where it is cold. As measures to be taken for the new energy vision, the following were cited: initiative introduction of new energy to public facilities/preparation of a system toward the promotion of introduction, supply of thermal energy to townspeople/creation of the living environment using new energy, new energy use to activities of agricultural production/energy use of stockbreeding resource/energy use of forestry resource/potential study of the wind power generation, spread/education for townspeople/proprietors, preparation of places of bodily sensation/exchanges of new energy, training/support of activities of townspeople themselves, etc. (NEDO)

  10. Report on new energy vision in Koushida Town area; Koushidacho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Koushida Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Koushida Town has leveled off in recent years at 20,245 persons in fiscal 2000. However, number of people working outside the town is increasing, and the ratio of the daytime population is decreasing slowly. Agriculture in this town depends mainly on production rice of such brands as 'Hitomebore' and 'Sasanishiki', wherein the agricultural production amount is 3 billion 260 million yen in fiscal 1998. Commercial activities are decreasing its power with the annual retail sales amount of 17 billion 800 million yen, while the product shipping amount from the attracted factories is on the increasing trend, at 25 billion 700 million yen in 1998. The energy consumption is 526 times 10{sup 9} kcal in total, accounted for by the business department at 42.0%, the transportation department at 32.3%, and the consumer department at 25.7%. The annual utilizable quantity of new energies amounts to 28,816 times 10{sup 6} kcal, made available from solar power, wind power, bio-mass, and refuses, which is about 5.5% of the final energy consumption of the town. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office building, facilities for interchange of citizens and schools, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, the Eco-town Plan for the east side of Koushida Station, and the project of utilizing bio-mass supplied from the livestock market. (NEDO)

  11. New energy visions for the Town of Ichinohe district; Ichinohecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Ichinohe, Iwate Pref. The town's population has been generally decreasing since 1975, from 21,433 to 17,906 in 1995. The town consumed energy totaling 288,691Gcal in 1998, of which the transportation sector accounts for 55%, followed by the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors, in this order, the industrial sector accounting for only 7%. The estimated new energy sources available to the town are wind power, power generated by temperature difference at rivers or using snow, solar energy, biomass energy and energy from wastes, in the order of quantity, totaling 137GWh/y as electrical power and 45.6Tcal/y as heat. The priority projects include making Ichinohe Primary School an eco-school, construction of a biomass demonstration plant in the Okunakayama district, introduction of a boiler firing wood chips at Okunakayama Heights, construction of a wind power mill at Takamori Heights, and introduction of new energies by the citizens. (NEDO)

  12. Report on new energy vision in Koushida Town area; Koushidacho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Koushida Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Koushida Town has leveled off in recent years at 20,245 persons in fiscal 2000. However, number of people working outside the town is increasing, and the ratio of the daytime population is decreasing slowly. Agriculture in this town depends mainly on production rice of such brands as 'Hitomebore' and 'Sasanishiki', wherein the agricultural production amount is 3 billion 260 million yen in fiscal 1998. Commercial activities are decreasing its power with the annual retail sales amount of 17 billion 800 million yen, while the product shipping amount from the attracted factories is on the increasing trend, at 25 billion 700 million yen in 1998. The energy consumption is 526 times 10{sup 9} kcal in total, accounted for by the business department at 42.0%, the transportation department at 32.3%, and the consumer department at 25.7%. The annual utilizable quantity of new energies amounts to 28,816 times 10{sup 6} kcal, made available from solar power, wind power, bio-mass, and refuses, which is about 5.5% of the final energy consumption of the town. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office building, facilities for interchange of citizens and schools, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, the Eco-town Plan for the east side of Koushida Station, and the project of utilizing bio-mass supplied from the livestock market. (NEDO)

  13. New energy introduction guidebook for Chugoku area; Shin energy donyu guidebook. Chugoku chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-05

    A guidebook was edited for the purpose of assisting introduction of new energies. Sections consist of Section 1, new energies available in the Chugoku area; Section 2, procedure for new energy introduction; Section 3, assistance institutions by energy; and Section 4, the status of new energy introduction in the Chugoku area, the future introduction targets, and referential materials. Section 1, upon defining the new energies, summarized features of photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, wastes power generation, cogeneration, fuel cells, clean energy fueled automobiles, and introduction records up to the year 2000. Section 2 summarizes the general roles of local governments in the introduction, processing procedures for individual programs, related regulations, and summary of the assistance institutions. Section 3 puts into order the assistance institutions by energy. Section 4 summarizes precautions, targets and records in introduction by each new energy. The referential materials include a list of the Japanese assistance institutions, and subsidy institutions related to new energies for local governments in the Chugoku area. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1998 new energy data book; 1998 nendo shin energy data shu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    In relation to the new energy the use of which is promoted by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), this book arranged the information on the technical trend and legal system. It includes the following items: (I) New energy general (classification of new energy, forecast of energy supply/demand, cost and outlook for the introduction of new energy technology (new power generation), menu of buying the surplus electric power from electric power company, main subsidy systems for spread/promotion of new energy in Japan, policy/law/subsidy system related to introduction of new energy overseas, list of organizations for new energy technology development). The items of individual explanation of new energy are as follows: situations of the introduction in each country, situation of the introduction in Japan, policy in each country, subsidy system, present market situation (photovoltaic power generation), list of names/telephone Nos. of the related companies, and economical efficiency (solar heat utilization). The following new energies were studied: (II) Photovoltaic power generation. (III) Solar energy utilization. (IV) Wind power generation. (V) Fuel cell. (VI) Waste power generation. (VII) Cogeneration. (VIII) Unused energy. (IX) geothermal power generation. (X) Clean energy automobile. (XI) Coal liquefaction/gasification. (NEDO)

  15. New energy vision in Daito Town area; Daitocho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Daito Township area in Iwate Prefecture. The energy consumed by Daito town as a whole in fiscal 1998 is about 213,685 two-hundred-kL drums, accounted for by the consumer department at 35.7%, the transportation department at 33.3%, and the industrial department at 31.0%. Carbon dioxide emission amount is estimated to be 109,647 t-CO2. General households in the town consume fossil fuel largely for room heating, whose energy conservation or substitution by new energies is important. The utilizable quantity of new energies in the town include solar energy, forest bio-mass, agricultural resource bio-mass, livestock excreta bio-mass, and refuses, whose total quantity is estimated to be 23,161 drums. The new energy utilization project includes enlightenment activities by introducing a photovoltaic power generator and a small wind power generator into Daito Middle School and the Murone Plateau Natural Energy Park, introduction of solar heat generated hot water supply devices for public facilities and town-operated houses, a discussion on a pellet production line in the wood processing industrial complex, and introduction of pellet boilers into public facilities. (NEDO)

  16. New energy vision of the Gotsu city area; 2001 nendo Gotsu shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Gotsu City, Shimane Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at 1,558,022 Gcal. By sector, the energy consumption amount consisted of 80.0% in the industrial sector, 11.2% of in the transportation sector, 5.8% in the residential sector and 3.0% in the business sector. In the industrial sector, the main energy consumption industries were the paper manufacturing industry and tile industry. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: project for the wind farm where a lot of wind power generators are installed; park as a symbol having 1 or 2 wind power generators; introduction of solar energy use water warmer/photovoltaic power generation to public facilities; system for promotion of the introduction of solar energy use water warmer/photovoltaic power generation to households; project on CO2 reduction by installation of LNG station; refuse/waste power generation project; project on utilization of the waste heat from tile makers. (NEDO)

  17. Feeding ecology of sharp-shinned hawks in deciduous and coniferous forests in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzanne M. Joy; Richard T. Reynolds; Richard L. Knight; Richard W. Hoffman

    1994-01-01

    Feeding ecology of 11 Sharp-skinned Hawk (Accipiter striates) pairs nesting in aspen (Populus tremuloides), conifer (Abies, Picea spp.), and mixed aspen-conifer habitats in southwest Colorado was investigated during 1988-1989. Small birds (x-bar = 20.9 g, SE = 0.8 g) and mammals (x-bar = 41.1 g, SE = 3.3 g) comprised 91 and 9% of...

  18. Topographic Map of Quadrangle 3362, Shin-Dand (415) and Tulak (416) Quadrangles, Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohannon, Robert G.

    2006-01-01

    This map was produced from several larger digital datasets. Topography was derived from Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) 85-meter digital data. Gaps in the original dataset were filled with data digitized from contours on 1:200,000-scale Soviet General Staff Sheets (1978-1997). Contours were generated by cubic convolution averaged over four pixels using TNTmips surface-modeling capabilities. Minor artifacts resulting from the auto-contouring technique are present. Streams were auto-generated from the SRTM data in TNTmips as flow paths. Flow paths were limited in number by their Horton value on a quadrangle-by-quadrangle basis. Peak elevations were averaged over an area measuring 85 m by 85 m (represented by one pixel), and they are slightly lower than the highest corresponding point on the ground. Cultural data were extracted from files downloaded from the Afghanistan Information Management Service (AIMS) Web site (http://www.aims.org.af). The AIMS files were originally derived from maps produced by the Afghanistan Geodesy and Cartography Head Office (AGCHO). Because cultural features were not derived from the SRTM base, they do not match it precisely. Province boundaries are not exactly located. This map is part of a series that includes a geologic map, a topographic map, a Landsat natural-color-image map, and a Landsat false-color-image map for the USGS/AGS (Afghan Geological Survey) quadrangles covering Afghanistan. The maps for any given quadrangle have the same open-file number but a different letter suffix, namely, -A, -B, -C, and -D for the geologic, topographic, Landsat natural-color, and Landsat false-color maps, respectively. The open-file report (OFR) numbers for each quadrangle range in sequence from 1092 - 1123. The present map series is to be followed by a second series, in which the geology is reinterpreted on the basis of analysis of remote-sensing data, limited fieldwork, and library research. The second series is to be produced by the USGS in cooperation with the AGS and AGCHO.

  19. New energy vision in Gamagori City area (Aichi Prefecture); Gamagorishi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of early realization of a district society harmonized with the natural environment, a vision was established as a guideline to achieve systematic and effective introduction of new energies, with cooperation from citizens, business entities, and the administration. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) movements in introducing new energy systems, 2) identification of the characteristics of the district and major relevant measures, 3) identification of the current status and characteristics of the energy demand structure in the district, 4) estimation of existence and utilizable quantity of new energies, 5) needs of introduction of new energies in the area, and 6) introduction possibilities, realization measures, and proliferation acceleration measures. Item 6 is composed of considerations given from the result of the initial stage investigation, basic ideas, targets of the introduction, introduction policies, and promotion of energy countermeasures. Plans were made on a solar heat hot water supply system, a photovoltaic power generation system, a wind power generation system, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles. Annual supply of 221,790 GJ was estimated. The major components are the automobiles, solar heat hot water system, and power generation systems. (NEDO)

  20. New energy vision of Oshimizu Town; 2001 nendo Oshimizu machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Oshimizu Town, Ishikawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was 3.02 x 10{sup 11} kcal, out of which electric power was 1.53 x 10{sup 11} kcal, petroleum 1.33 x 10{sup 11} kcal, and LPG 1.59 x 10{sup 10} kcal. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the general center/Oshimizu Junior High School/general household; solar energy utilization for the general center/general household; introduction of wind power generation to the Azuma Line of forest road; biomass power generation project using cattle feces/hog feces; RDF project for waste from Oshimizu Town; introduction of clean energy vehicle (hybrid car/electric car). The amount of new energy introduction from these was estimated at 1,716kL in crude oil conversion, which is equal to 5.3% of the energy demand amount. (NEDO)

  1. New series of paper pack vending machines; Paper pack jido hanbaiki no shin series

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohashi, M. [Fuji Denki Reiki Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Umino, S. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-07-10

    This paper presents series of paper pack vending machines. These machines may be broadly classified into those of cold drinks and of hot and cold drinks depending on the storage temperature of products. The former is the machine for cooling dairy products at 10{degree}C with a combined stacking by direct-stacked racks and chain-multiracks. The latter is provided with divided storing chambers with each chamber selectively cooled or heated. Products in the hot chamber are canned coffee and the like set at 55{degree}C. The temperature control is performed by a microcomputer. The chain-multiracks are provided with advantages such as capability of handling various kinds of container shapes, storing drinks and foods vertically, replacing products by the change of a shelf attachment with one operation, and storing one liter packs by setting pair columns. The direct-stacked racks are provided with advantages such as versatility of handling various kinds of containers and miniaturization of the mechanism other than the storage part. The installation space was reduced by devising the opening and closing of the door. The control part is capable of setting temperatures differently for cans and paper packs. 7 figs., 1 tab.

  2. FY 1997 new energy data book; 1997 nendo shin energy data shu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    In relation to the new energy the use of which is promoted by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), this book arranged the information on the technical trend and legal system. It includes the following items: (I) New energy general (classification of new energy, forecast of energy supply/demand, cost and outlook for the introduction of new energy technology (new power generation), menu of buying the surplus electric power from electric power company, main subsidy systems for spread/promotion of new energy in Japan, policy/law/subsidy system related to introduction of new energy overseas, list of organizations for new energy technology development). The items of individual explanation of new energy are as follows: situations of the introduction in each country, situation of the introduction in Japan, policy in each country, subsidy system, present market situation, economical efficiency, etc. The following new energies were studied: (II) Photovoltaic power generation. (III) Solar energy utilization. (IV) Wind power generation. (V) Fuel cell. (VI) Waste power generation. (VII) Cogeneration. (VIII) Unused energy. (IX) geothermal power generation. (X) Clean energy automobile. (XI) Coal liquefaction/gasification. (XII) List of the outline of policies concerning new energy, energy conservation and reduction of environmental loads. (NEDO)

  3. New energy vision of the Kosaka town area; 2001 nendo Kosaka machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Kosaka Town, Akita Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project on new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The amount of energy demand of the town was 2,442,464 GJ/y. The energy demand consists of C heavy oil (about 1/3) and electric power (about 1/3) in the industrial sector, which are outstanding, and others including kerosene (about 12%) in the commercial/residential sector and light oil (about 10%) and gasoline (about 7%) in the transportation sector. The CO2 emissions from these are 60,000 t-C/y. As the project on the new energy introduction, study was made on the introduction of solar energy/snow cold energy space cooling to the insurance welfare center/interchange center, introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to the Korakukan area/elementary school/junior high school, introduction of the snow melting system using soil heat to town street/sidewalk, use of clean energy vehicle to public vehicle, use of ligneous biomass energy, etc. (NEDO)

  4. New energy vision in Kitakata City area; Kitakatashi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Kitakata City in Fukushima Prefecture. The population of Kitakata City in 2000 was 37,490, not having experienced extreme increase or decrease. Population employed in the tertiary industry occupies the largest ratio at 36.9%, followed by the secondary industry. The energy demand of the entire city is about 3300 trillion Joule, and carbon dioxide emitted therefrom is estimated about 77,000 t-C annually. Calculation of new energy amount in existence reveals about 4190 trillion Joule annually, which corresponds to about 1.3 times the energy demand quantity of the city. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the public hall and schools, utilization of solar heat for greenhouses, introduction of solar heat and wind power hybrid power generation into the Green Tourism experiencing facilities, parks, street lights, and evacuation places, introduction of small to medium hydropower generation plants into Kitanogo, Kuranoyu and Happo-Ike, utilization of cold heat of snow, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the public organizations, utilization of bio-mass energy, wastes burning power generation and heat utilization. (NEDO)

  5. Regional new energy vision for Sakurae town; Sakuraecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The town is situated in a mountainous region typical of the Iwami district, Shimane Prefecture, rich in natural energy resources with as many as four hydroelectric power stations in service. Such local features were taken into account fully when a regional new energy vision was formulated for showing the town the course to follow for promoting the introduction of new energy which is environmentally friendly. The results of related efforts are described in eight chapters, which are (1) the outline of the vision, (2) survey of the trend of new energy, (3) description of Sakurae town, (4) townspeople's awareness of energy matters, (5) rate of energy consumption, (6) available amount of new energy, (7) basic policy for introducing new energy, and (8) projects for introducing new energy. Part (8) covers a photovoltaic project, wind power project, ligneous biomass energy introduction project, and the introduction of clean energy vehicles. Under the ligneous biomass energy introduction project, business profitability is discussed of a scrap wood fueled power plant. (NEDO)

  6. New energy vision in Iwaizumi Township area; 2000 nendo Iwaizumicho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Iwaizumi Township area in Iwate Prefecture. The heat energy consumed by each household in Iwaizumi Town is 20.5 two-hundred-liter drums, while transportation (railways, buses, trucks and private cars) consumes 12.2 drums annually, and the electric energy field 4.7 drums annually. As the town as a whole, the ratio of utilization as heat energy is relatively high. Therefore, new energy introduction should be focused importantly on use of solar heat hot water supply device and high-level utilization of forestry fuels. The new energy introduction project includes introduction of bio-mass energy to produce heat energy and electric power using livestock excreta, cut woods, thinned woods, and kitchen refuses as the resources, structuring a new energy model for the 'Communication Land Iwaizumi', activation of the central urban area by introducing micro hydropower generation, assistance to proliferation of new energies to town-operated houses, households, and business entities, introduction of new energies into the disaster prevention center, schools, and insurance, medical and welfare facilities, introduction of clean energy automobiles, and uplift of consciousness of town people. (NEDO)

  7. New energy vision of the Yokohama town area; 2001 nendo Yokohama machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yokohama Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Yokohama Town was 5,508 as of October 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The number of household was unchanged, though. The amount of energy demand was estimated at 21,368 kL/y in crude oil conversion. The energy demand consisted of petroleum-base energy such as kerosene, light oil, heavy oil and gasoline (about 70%), electric power (20%) and LPG (10%). In the action plan for new energy introduction, the following were studied: wind power generation of which the plan has already been worked on by a private company (15 x 1,750kW class generator), introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to Yokohama Junior High School, hothouse vegetable cultivation using exhaust heat from hot spring, and 'Yokohama Rape Blossoms Eco Project' that mainly includes the agricultural land protection/oil squeezing from rapeseed/recycle of waste cooking oil as fuel, for which rape blossoms as one of the most important resources in Yokohama Town are used. (NEDO)

  8. New energy data handbook. Fiscal 1999 edition; Shin energy data shu (1998 nendo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Enumerated concerning new energy in general are the classification of new energy; prospect of energy demand and supply; cost of new energy; policies, laws and regulations, and subsidy systems for new energy in Japan and abroad; etc. Concerning photovoltaic power generation, the introduction of photovoltaic systems, policies toward photovoltaic systems, subsidy systems, the current state of market in Japan and abroad, etc., are mentioned. Similar data are also listed about solar heat exploitation and wind power generation. Concerning fuel cells, the phosphoric acid fuel cell demonstration plant and the result of its operation, the state of development achieved so far in the molten carbonate type, the polymer electrolyte type, and the methanol type are stated. In addition, details are mentioned of refuse-fueled power generation, co-generation, energy remaining unexploited, geothermal power generation, clean energy vehicles, coal liquefaction and gasification, etc. (NEDO)

  9. Regional new energy vision for Fukuoka city; Fukuokashi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Fukuoka city, Fukuoka Prefecture, which will serve as a basic guide to the promotion of new energy introduction which is one of the measures for coping with environmental problems. The vision is described in five chapters of (1) the local characteristics of Fukuoka city, (2) energy situation in Fukuoka city, (3) basic program, (4) high priority plans, and (5) efforts to enhance the vision toward realization. Discussed as high priority plans are the introduction of new energy into public buildings above all others, high efficiency utilization of refuse-derived energy, utilization of new energy at water supply and drainage facilities, utilization of water temperature difference energy, introduction of clean energy vehicles, promotion of a new energy industry, and the extension of assistance for encouraging citizens and industrialists to adopt new energy. In extending assistance for encouraging the introduction of new energy, studies are made about measures for introducing new energy into individual residences and about a citizenry-involving new energy adopting industry (offering a site to the power generation industry) under the basal conditions that information be supplied sufficiently and that the citizenry and administration cooperate with each other in driving forward the vision. (NEDO)

  10. New energy vision of the Ehime prefecture area; 2001 nendo Ehime ken chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the contribution to environmental preservation and stable supply of energy, 'a new energy vision of the Ehime prefecture area' was worked out which is to be a guide for new energy introduction using photovoltaic power, wind power, etc. In the Uma area, the following were proposed: introduction of waste energy cogeneration to the paper manufacturing industry; study of introduction of small wind turbine to household and business establishment. In the Niihama/Saijo area, introduction of cogeneration to business establishment; creation of the processing/assembly industry for materials/parts of equipment of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation. In the Imabari area, introduction of natural gas cogeneration to business establishment, creation of the industry for equipment/parts of photovoltaic power generation. In the Matsuyama area, introduction of cogeneration to business establishment; utilization of biomass energy; creation of the industry of production/processing of resin for solar module use. In the Yawatahama/Oozu area, utilization of wind energy for agriculture/forestry, fisheries and tourism fields; study of introduction of biomass energy. In the Uwajima area, utilization of wind power energy for agriculture/fisheries, fisheries and tourism fields; introduction of biomass energy. (NEDO)

  11. New energy vision of the Noogata city area; 2001 nendo Noogata shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Noogata City, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at 4,825.4 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. It consisted of 47.1% in the industrial sector, 26.1% in the commercial/residential sector and 24.9% in the transportation sector. The rate of energy source was 65.7% of petroleum-base energy and 25.1% of electric power. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation/photovoltaic power generation to the flower park at the foot of Mt. Fukuchi and Nakanoshima park on the sandbank of the Onga river; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to library. Moreover, as future models of the introduction, the potential study was made on the following: installation of the stockbreeding waste biogas plant at the compost center; installation of fuel cell system using digestion gas from night soil treatment facilities; installation of the natural gas cogeneration system in the project on redevelopment of the urban area, etc. (NEDO)

  12. Regional new energy vision for Hita City; 2001 nendo Hita shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Hita City, Oita Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy supply/demand trend in the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and a vision was formulated. The city's energy consumption is estimated at 16,216,376 GJ, with the industrial sector responsible for 78.23%, the transportation sector for 11.35%, and the residential and commercial sector for 9.73%. It is in the public sector, general households, forestry, and hog raising that new energy will be utilized. Key projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which covered a residence incorporating a combination of new energies such as solar heat for water heating and photovoltaic power; lumber drying facilities utilizing forestry generated biomass; cogeneration fueled by methane gas from livestock excrements and garbage; photovoltaic power for schools, the city office, etc.; use of photovoltaic power, temperature difference energy, and methane gas at purification centers, etc.; use of clean energy vehicles for official use; etc. (NEDO)

  13. New energy vision of Kanazawa City; 2001 nendo Kanazawa shi shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the city was approximately 42 million GJ. The amount of CO2 emitted from this was estimated at approximately 880,000 t-C. The rate of energy source was 65.3% of petroleum-base energy, 24.7% of electric power and 10.0% of gas. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 38.1% in the commercial/residential sector, 32.2% in the transportation sector and 29.7% in the industrial sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation to the sport recreation zone of the mountain area; introduction of natural gas cogeneration to the city hospital; introduction of hydroelectric power generation using the idle head of filtration plant; utilization of the sewage heat and sewage digestion gas at the water quality control center, introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to park light/school, etc. (NEDO)

  14. New energy introduction vision in Chiba Prefecture; Chibaken shin energy donyu vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy introduction vision in Chiba Prefecture. The basic conception for new energy introduction regarded important the handling of global environment problems, improvement of the global environment, enhancement in energy security, and assurance of the regional performance of disaster prevention. New energy introduction is thought making it possible to create attractive urban spaces, make living environment more agreeable, and promote and breed new industries including the eco-business. Important measures may include the followings: introduction of new and economic energies in multiple ways for individual buildings and facilities, development of environment symbiotic cities utilizing new energies, improvement of region symbiotic cities in industrial zones, effective utilization of energies from wide-area refuses and wastes, establishment of an urban type cleaning plant that utilizes effectively energies from general wastes, new energy utilization in coordination with agricultural activities, utilization of new energies in fishery industry areas, and expansion in use of clean energy fueled automobiles including natural gas fueled automobiles. (NEDO)

  15. New energy vision of the Akita city area; 2001 nendo Akita shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Akita City, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project on new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Akita City was 317,868 as of December 31, 2000, which is continuously on the increase. The amount of energy demand of the whole city was 990,000 kL/y. The energy demand consists of fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal and propane gas (77.7%) and electric power (22.3%). The CO2 emissions from these are 2,908,000 t-CO2. As the project on the new energy introduction, study was made on the installation of the photovoltaic power system and wind power system at base centers and introduction of the waste power system at the Goshono Works. As the model project, study was made on the introduction of the photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation to street light and public facilities, road snow melting/space heating and cooling using soil heat, introduction of clean energy vehicles, BDF introduction using waste cooking oil and rate blossoms, etc. (NEDO)

  16. Chronic shin splints. Classification and management of medial tibial stress syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detmer, D E

    1986-01-01

    A clinical classification and treatment programme has been developed for chronic medial tibial stress syndrome. Medial tibial stress syndrome has been reported to be either tibial stress fracture or microfracture, tibial periostitis, or distal deep posterior chronic compartment syndrome. Three chronic types exist and may coexist: Type I (tibial microfracture, bone stress reaction or cortical fracture); type II (periostalgia from chronic avulsion of the periosteum at the periosteal-fascial junction); and type III (chronic compartment syndrome syndrome). Type I disease is treated nonoperatively. Operations for resistant types II and III medial tibial stress syndrome were performed in 41 patients. Bilaterality was common (type II, 50% type III, 88%). Seven had coexistent type II/III; one had type I/II. Preoperative symptoms averaged 24 months in type II, 6 months in type III, and 33 months in types II/III. Mean age was 22 years (15 to 51). Resting compartment pressures were normal in type II (mean 12 mm Hg) and elevated in type III and type II/III (mean 23 mm Hg). Type II and type II/III patients received fasciotomy plus periosteal cauterisation. Type III patients had fasciotomy only. All procedures were performed on an outpatient basis using local anaesthesia. Follow up was complete and averaged 6 months (2 to 14 months). Improved performance was as follows: type II, 93%, type III, 100%; type II/III, 86%. Complete cures were as follows: type II, 78%; type III, 75%; and type II/III, 57%. This experience suggests that with precise diagnosis and treatment involving minimal risk and cost the athlete has a reasonable chance of return to full activity.

  17. Acute periostitis in early acquired syphilis simulating shin splints in a jogger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, J L; Mollet, E

    1986-01-01

    Acute periostitis affecting the long bones is a characteristic but uncommon manifestation of syphilis in the adult with an early acquired infection. This report describes the history of a jogger who developed acute localized periostitis of the shaft of both tibiae during the early stage of acquired syphilis. Symptomatology was initially attributed to the medial tibial stress syndrome.

  18. Report on regional new energy vision for Kahoku town; Kahokucho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kahoku town, Kochi Prefecture, which features the introduction of recoverable energy harmonious with nature and friendly to human life and environments. The results of activities conducted in this connection are compiled into nine chapters, which cover (1) Kahoku-town's local characteristics relative to new energy, (2) survey of townspeople's awareness of new energy, (3) amounts of new energy in existence, (4) basic policy toward introduction, (5) study of concrete measures for promoting introduction, (6) study of prioritized projects, (7) establishment of target amounts for introduction, (8) coordination with energy conservation measures, and (9) a system for thrusting forward the regional new energy vision toward embodiment. Chapter (7) comprises the way of setting target values for introduction; study of the target values to be achieved by the industry, administration, and citizenry, respectively; and a conclusion on the target values. Studies are conducted in the chapter about the introduction of solar energy, wind power generation, small scale hydroelectric power generation, cogeneration, clean energy vehicles, and the like. It is predicted that 960 kl/year will be introduced in fiscal 2010 in terms of oil, which accounts for 12% of energy consumption. (NEDO)

  19. New energy vision in Tochigi Prefectural area; Tochigiken chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to structure a circulation type society that imposes less load on the environment, a new energy vision was established in the Tochigi Prefectural area. This plan is an overall plan to promote introduction of new energies, and at the same time serves as a guideline when prefectural residents, business entities and the administration attempt to introduce new energies. The plan was prepared upon viewing the year 2010. The new energy introduction quantity in 2010 was estimated to be 470,000 kL as converted into crude oil (4.7% of the consumption in fiscal 1997). The plan document covers the following five fields: 1) the basic conception of the vision establishment, 2) the current status and problems surrounding the energies, 3) the basic directionality in introducing new energies, 4) policy systems and role sharing toward introducing new energies, and 5) case studies and case presentation. Item 4 is composed of policy systems for new energy introduction, projects to be implemented with emphasis, roles of working organizations, and institutions for promotion. The projects to be executed with emphasis consist of five items including initiative introduction into facilities utilized by the prefectural residents. (NEDO)

  20. New energy visions for the Town of Ichinohe district; Ichinohecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Ichinohe, Iwate Pref. The town's population has been generally decreasing since 1975, from 21,433 to 17,906 in 1995. The town consumed energy totaling 288,691Gcal in 1998, of which the transportation sector accounts for 55%, followed by the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors, in this order, the industrial sector accounting for only 7%. The estimated new energy sources available to the town are wind power, power generated by temperature difference at rivers or using snow, solar energy, biomass energy and energy from wastes, in the order of quantity, totaling 137GWh/y as electrical power and 45.6Tcal/y as heat. The priority projects include making Ichinohe Primary School an eco-school, construction of a biomass demonstration plant in the Okunakayama district, introduction of a boiler firing wood chips at Okunakayama Heights, construction of a wind power mill at Takamori Heights, and introduction of new energies by the citizens. (NEDO)

  1. Report on new energy vision in Fudai Village area; Fudaimura chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Fudai Village area in Iwate Prefecture. The population of Fudai Village is decreasing from the peak of 4,103 persons in 1985. Its basic industry is fishery and agricultural industries, with the fish and marine product raising industry particularly active. The energy consumption in Fudai Village is, in the decreasing order, the transportation field (48.5%), the social and household field (26.5%), social industry, and manufacturing industry. Homes consume room heating energy at a greater extent. Energies are supplied by fuel oil at 53,554 Gcal (79.3%) and electric power at 11,551 Gcal (17.1%). The new energy introducing project has discussed introduction of cogeneration into the Kurosaki House, introduction of photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization systems, and introduction wind power generation as a tourism symbol. Discussions were also given on conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy automobiles. Further discussions were given on introduction of small new energy facilities, such as hybrid illumination, small wind power generation, and photovoltaic power generation, into the village office, the station square, the fish market, facilities in the fishing port, the children's hall, and the Road Station. (NEDO)

  2. Regional new energy vision for Yakumo village; Yakumomura chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yakumo village, Shimane Prefecture, which abides with the village doctrines of introducing new energy for quality life and building a community advanced in terms of environmental protection. Yakumo village, which has a population of approximately 6,800 engaged mainly in agriculture or forestry, consumed 5 times 10{sup 5} GJ in energy in fiscal 1998. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in nine chapters which are (1) the trends of affairs surrounding new energy, (2) Yakumo village's local characteristics as seen from the new energy viewpoint, (3) collection of information on new energy measures taken by local governments, (4) estimation of demand for energy in Yakumo village, (5) estimation of the existing amount and available amount of new energy in Yakumo village, (6) study of the basic concept and basic policy of the vision, (7) study of new energy introduction, (8) approach to the issue by thinking, and (9) reference materials. In concrete terms, discussion is held about introduction into public facilities of photovoltaic power generation and water heaters, wind power generation, cogeneration, and waste heat utilization. For the sake of gardening at public facilities, for instance, the introduction of photovoltaic power generation is taken up. (NEDO)

  3. Regional new energy vision for Aogaki town; Aogakicho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated as part of Phase 4 of the Town Development Program of Aogaki town, Hyogo Prefecture, calling for 'building a town, comfortable to live in and full of hope, by utilizing rich natural environments.' The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in five chapters, which are (1) the description of the new energy vision, (2) Aogaki-town's energy characteristics, (3) basic plan, (4) driving forward of prioritized plans, and (5) toward the driving forward of the new energy vision. Chapter (4) comprises the goal of the formulation of the prioritized plans, the definition of the prioritized plans, and the establishment of individual projects. Established as the individual projects are the introduction of new energy linked to the inhibition of carbon dioxide gas emissions, use of wind energy for multiple purposes, public facilities preceding others in the introduction of new energy, building of environmentally symbiotic residences utilizing new energy, utilization of new energy at recreation facilities, and the popularization of and enlightening about new energy and its introduction through the participation of the local population. (NEDO)

  4. New energy vision in Mobara City area (Chiba Prefecture); Mobarashi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the saying {sup M}obara, you find good when you live in it' as the target, the 'new energy vision for Mobara City area' was established. The vision is intended to utilize natural gas existing around the city, and utilize energy saving and new energy technologies. Specifically, the vision was established by a discussion committee composed of people of experience and academic standing, related business entities, and organizations, who took into consideration the natural environment, status of energy existence, and economic activities. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) the situation surrounding new energies, 2) district characteristics and viewpoints of introducing new energies, 3) energy demand, 4) existence quantity of new energies, 5) actual status of new energy introduction, and result of hearing investigations, 6) directionality and conception of introducing new energies, and 7) specific project objectives related to new energy introduction. Five projects were set up, including introduction of natural gas fueled automobiles, natural gas utilizing cogeneration and fuel cells, and effective utilization of wastes and bio-mass. (NEDO)

  5. New energy vision in Shioya Town area (Tochigi Prefecture); Shioyacho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision in Shioya Town area was established with objectives to make clear what is to be tackled by the administration and the residents in their respective standings, and elevate their consciousness to the environmental preservation and consciousness regarding the energy problems. The target for new energy introduction quantity in fiscal 2010 was set as CO2 emission quantity reduction to about 3,900 t-c/year, a reduction of 5% of the quantity in fiscal 1999. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) summary of implementing investigations, 2) basic district characteristics, 3) the current status and estimation of energy consumption, 4) estimated calculation on possibility of new energy utilization, 5) discussions and problems on possibilities of the introduction as seen from the district characteristics, 6) the new energy vision, and 7) the future assignments. Item 6 is composed of the introduction target, measures for introduction to achieve the target in fiscal 2010, and development of the leading projects. The projects include small to middle size hydropower generation, photovoltaic and wind power hybrid type power generation, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles. (NEDO)

  6. List of names of persons well informed on new energies; Shin energy yushikisha meibo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In order to establish an environment in which local public organizations and local business entities intending introduction of new energies can obtain easily the information about the technologies thereof and introduction examples, a 'list of names of persons well informed on new energies' was prepared. At the same time, a system was set up, with which these well-informed people can be introduced on NEDO home pages. The list of the names has collected data of the well-informed people granted with patents related to the fields defined in the new energy law as their specialty fields. The criterion for extracting the persons calls for persons who have experience of writing theses on new energies, and who have give lectures on the subject. Other new energy related experts acting in local areas, who were not able of having been extracted by using the above method, were extracted through hearings by key persons in each area. Questionnaire surveys were performed on the extracted specialists, whereas 495 effective answers permitting disclosure were obtained, and detailed items of information were collected on these specialists individually. The specialty fields include 23 new energy fields. The names of persons were arranged in the order of bureaus listed in the Ministry of International Trade and Industry. The names in the bureaus were arranged in the Japanese alphabetical order. (NEDO)

  7. New energy vision in Murone Village area; 2000 nendo Muronemura chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Murone Village area in Iwate Prefecture. The population of the village as of 1995 was 6,552 persons, which has continued with slow decrease in the last decade, revealing remarkable departure from agriculture. Energy consumption in this village per person is 11.5 two-hundred-liter drums, and carbon dioxide discharge per person is 5.6t-CO2. This is about 60% of the national average, because of no existence of thermal power plants and factories. The existing quantity of new energies is occupied by bio-mass as the largest because more than 70% of the village area is forest, followed by solar beam and heat. However, in the case of forest, since the energy is actually utilized only from the felled woods, the utilizable quantity is considerably small, whereas the availability of solar beam and heat is higher. With regard to introduction of new energies, the efforts of the introduction thereof are directed to introduction into primary schools, the village office, the special nursing home for elderly people, and the meal providing center for middle schools, in addition to proliferation and enlightenment of household solar systems, and photovoltaic power generation systems. Furthermore, discussions were given on introduction of a pellet burning power plant utilizing waste woods. (NEDO)

  8. New series of cup combination vending machines; Cup combination jido hanbaiki no shin series

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizutani, K.; Hamamoto, K. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Yokoyama, K. [Fuji Electric Corporate Research and Development, Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

    1996-07-10

    This paper introduces the cup combination vending machines developed as new series. The point of development is to improve the taste of regular coffee, stabilize the taste of a beverage, design a bright door, improve the sanitary condition, and simplify the operativity. To improve the taste of coffee, coffee beans are ground using a mill in the vending machine and extracted at 95{degree}C by the brewer mechanism based on a forced drip system. A heater is provided in the pipe arrangement so as to keep the temperature of hot water that is an important factor for determining the taste. The taste of a powder beverage is stabilized by a uniform reduction function for first-in first-out that holds the freshness of materials and a high-precision discharge function that reduces the dispersion in discharge. Materials can be uniformly reduced by rotating the pin disk in the mixing part at the top of a canister. The taste of a syrup beverage is stabilized by a new-type carbonator that dissolves CO2 in cold water at a high dissolution rate and high retention rate and an ice quantitative unit that reduces the dispersion in ice discharge. 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. Programs for promoting new energy introduction into Wakkanai City; Wakkanaishi shin energy donyu sokushin keikaku keikakusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The average temperature in the summer season at Wakkanai is 19 degrees C, and below zero degrees C in the winter season. Solar radiation duration is shorter in November through February due partly to the presence of snow. In terms of total solar radiation amount, the city occupies a middling position in the whole Hokkaido island. As for the force of the wind, a daily maximum wind velocity of 10m/s or stronger occur on 8 to 10 days every month in the period October through May. As projects for promoting new energy introduction, the below-named ones are chosen and subjected to examination for feasibility. They are a wind power generation system for a water purification plant; a district heating system utilizing cogeneration at the city middle sector; a hybrid system of methane fermentation and wind power generation for a public stock-rearing farm; a hybrid system of cogeneration and photovoltaic power generation for Fujimi district accommodation facilities; and photovoltaic power generation as a clean energy introduction system for a general gymnastic hall of Wakkanai City. Since the above-named subjects are all excellent in economy and environmentally-friendliness, it is suggested that efforts be exerted to realize them. (NEDO)

  10. Utilization of new materials in prestressed concrete. Shin zairyo no puresutoresuto concrete eno tekiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imai, Y. (Taisei Corp., Tokyo (Japan)); Kato, H. (Building Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)); Mutsuyoshi, H. (Saitama Univ., Urawa (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1994-03-31

    In this session for the new materials, almost all of them were the presentation on the fiber reinforced plastics (FRP). Based on these facts, the topics of new materials about PC centered around FRP, and consequently it was found that how it was expected as the new materials and how it is being watched with keen interest. Even in FRP, the presentations on the carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) and aramid fiber reinforced plastics (AFRP) were a little bit more than those on the glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP), and therefore they were felt to be predominant. Although the ones about a fundamental study on the material characters of FRP held approximately 70%, as a content, there were 6 presentations on the design and execution of the actual bridges in which FRP was used for the PC take-up materials and the oblique cable of cable-stayed bridges, consequently it was found that FRP did not stay at a study stage, and was already shifting to the actual application stage. However, at the current situation, there were many of experimental ones like the small scale bridges in the golf courses, and furthermore it can not be said that a guideline for the design and execution is sufficiently established. 2 figs.

  11. Regional new energy vision for Joetsu City; 2001 nendo Joetsu shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Joetsu City, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy consumption of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumes 3,593 times 10{sup 9} kcal in energy, with the industrial sector responsible for 47.5%, the transportation sector 28.1%, and the residential/commercial sector 24.3%. As for the energy type, oil based fuel accounts for 58.3%, electric power 26.8%, and town gas 8.6%. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions due to energy consumption is estimated at 1,160 kt-CO2. Studies conducted for new energy introduction covered the supply of photovoltaic power to a project on municipal housing construction and a project on promoting the buildup of environment preservation facilities; the installation of a photovoltaic power generation system for a Citizens' Forest buildup project; the installation of a wind power generation system at the Minowadai Square of Recreation and Relaxation for the citizens; the installation of eco-stations to deal with gasoline, propane gas, and natural gas; the extension of financial support for the purchase of low-pollution vehicles; and so forth. (NEDO)

  12. Regional new energy vision for Tadami Town; 2001 nendo Tadami machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Tadami Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy demand characteristics of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. Though there is not a great change through the year in town's demand for power, more power is necessary in winter for heating and lighting. As for demand for gas and oil, demand for heating oil reaches its peak in winter. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which would utilize snow for the dynamization of industries, and studies were conducted about the selection of items to be stored in snow rooms, selection of proper cold heat utilization systems, care to be taken in the designing of facilities, installation of snow rooms, development of specialty goods proper to the town, and so forth. Eco-school development was also studied as an environmental education project harmonizing with the local circumstances. Discussed for the fostering of welfare were an energy business for a Welfare House, snow handling measures linked to new energy utilization systems, and the like. (NEDO)

  13. Industry brief letter; Kasupikaioki sekiyu koku kaihatsu sekiyu shigen kaihatsu nado sannyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    4 companies of Petroleum Resources Development, Indonesia Petroleum, Teikoku Petroleum an Itochu Petroleum Development will sign petroleum exploration and development contract in petroleum mining property offshore of Caspian Sea with Azerbaijan National Petroleum Company, Sokar Company. In another mining property, Mitsui group reached conclusion with Sokar Company in mining right. Resource development competition between existing international petroleum majors and Japanese petroleum companies around Caspian Sea may be further intensified. (translated by NEDO)

  14. High-fidelity simulation of turbofan engine. ; Verification and improvement of model's dynamical characteristics in linear operating range. Turbofan engine no koseito simulation. ; Senkei sado han'i ni okeru model dotokusei no kensho to seido kojo ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamane, H; Kagiyama, S [Defence Agency, Tokyo (Japan)

    1993-09-25

    This paper describes providing pulse inputs to a fuel supply in trial operation of a turbofan engine, measurement of its response, and calculation of the frequency characteristics and time constants to acquire dynamic characteristics of the engine on the ground. The resultant engine characteristics were compared with the model characteristics of numerically analyzing a mathematical simulation model, and corrected to develop a high-accuracy simulation model. An element model and a dynamics model were prepared in detail on the main engine components, such as fans, a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine, along a flow diagram from the air intake opening to the exhaust nozzle. The pulses were inputted into the fuel supply by opening and closing an electromagnetic valve. Closing of the illustrated electromagnetic valve for about 0.7 second caused a difference (of phase and trend) in both characteristics of high and low frequencies as a result of pulse-like change in the flow rate. To correct the model characteristics, the combustion delay tie was set to 0.02 second upon considering the combustion delay time relative to the heat capacity of the combustor. Improvement in the model was verified as the phase characteristics was approximated to the engine characteristics. 13 refs., 17 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Study of a fuel injection quantity sensor in diesel engine. Part 3. Experimental evaluation of the improved type micro turbine sensor; Diesel kikan ni okeru nenryo funsharyo sensor no kenkyu. 3. Funsharyo keisoku no seido kojo ni kansuru jikken hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maehara, H; Iwasaki, T; Kobayashi, T [Zexel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    A Micro Turbine Sensor has been developed to measure fuel injection quantity and injection rate. Previous reports described results of experiments on the MTS which were carried out under steady and unsteady flow conditions. The MTS has been improved in shape of a holder tip and a detecting procedure for rotating speed of a turbine. As a result revolution speed of the turbine increased 18% over the conventional type holder under steady flow condition. Furthermore the measurement resolution of the MTS came up to about 2(mm{sup 3}/pulse) at 20(mm{sup 3}/stroke) under intermittent spray conditions using fuel injection pump. 11 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Computation accuracy of flow conditions around a very large floating structure using a multi-layer model. Comparison with experimental results; Taso model ni yoru choogata futai mawari no ryukyo keisan seido ni tsuite. Jikken tono hikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kyotsuka, Y [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan); Omori, H; Nakagawa, H; Kobayashi, M [Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-04-10

    As one of the environmental problems in sea areas surrounding a very large floating structure (VLFS), change in flow condition is important, and it is one of the factors dominating the prediction of succeeding diffusion and ecosystems. Although a multi-layer model is in wide use for computation of flow condition and diffusion in one inner bay, its applicability should be reexamined because of no consideration of VLFSs. In this study, flow velocity profiles around a barge were then measured through the towing test of a barge in shallow water, and compared with computation results using a multi-layer model. The multi-layer model computed the flow velocity profiles by dividing the flow region to be computed into normal one and that under VLFS, and determined pressures under VLFS by 2-D Poisson`s equation. Slip condition was used as boundary condition at the bottom considering the number of layers under VLFS. Further numerical computation was conducted by 2-D MAC method, in particular, to compare flow around the wake of VLFS with experimental one. Both computation results well agreed with experimental one. 3 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Three-dimensional modeling in the electromagnetic/magnetotelluric methods. Accuracy of various finite-element and finite difference methods; Denjiho MT ho ni okeru sanjigen modeling. Shushu no yugen yosoho to sabunho no seido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sasaki, Y [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1997-05-27

    To enhance the reliability of electromagnetic/magnetotelluric (MT) survey, calculation results of finite-element methods (FEMs) and finite difference methods (FDMs) were compared. Accuracy of individual methods and convergence of repitition solution were examined. As a result of the investigation, it was found that appropriate accuracy can be obtained from the edge FEM and FDM for the example of vertical magnetic dipole, and that the best accuracy can be obtained from the FDM among four methods for the example of MT survey. It was revealed that the ICBCG (incomplete Cholesky bi-conjugate gradient) method is an excellent method as a solution method of simultaneous equations from the viewpoint of accuracy and calculation time. For the joint FEM, solutions of SOR method converged for both the examples. It was concluded that the cause of error is not due to the error of numerical calculation, but due to the consideration without discontinuity of electric field. The conditions of coefficient matrix increased with decreasing the frequency, which resulted in the unstable numerical calculation. It would be required to incorporate the constraint in a certain form. 4 refs., 12 figs.

  18. Evaluation of aerodynamic stability and a trial study of construction-accuracy control by daytime measurement of Meiko West Bridge; Meiko Nishi Ohashi no taifusei kento to chukan keisoku kekka wo mochiita kasetsu seido kanri no shiko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morimoto, C.; Shimodoi, H.; Isoe, A.; Sakai, Y.; Ochiai, M.; Watabe, T.; Ebihara, R. [Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe (Japan)

    1998-12-20

    The new Meiko West Bridge was constructed very closely to the phase I line bridge which have been already in a service from 1985, and the distance of this world unique parallel cable-stayed bridges is 50m. The length, span and pylon height of these bridges are identical. By conducting wind tunnel experiments considering the aerodynamic interference of the close parallel bridges, the aerodynamic stability of the bridge had been confirmed during construction as well as complete state. After the construction was completed, the important wind characteristics of the parallel cable-stayed bridges were obtained from the site observation. Regarding cable vibrations, a common problem with cable-stayed bridges, a suitable vibration suppression method was applied based on the site observation. In general, the construction-accuracy control is performed by doing measurement at night However, to study the possibility of the accuracy-control by daytime measurement the measurement was conducted not only at night but also in the daytime. (author)

  19. FY 2000 report on the survey of the actual state of the fellowship system in Japan and abroad; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. Nihon koku naigai ni okeru ferosippu seido no jittai chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    To obtain the basic data for improvement of the system in the fellowship project (engineer training project) and establishment of the evaluation method in Japan, survey was conducted. In the U.S., there are a lot of fellowship programs, which are aimed at undergraduate students, graduate students, postdoctoratas and professors. Each program has difference. Graduate students majoring in science use the system as a mechanism for supporting school expenses, and besides, there are various kinds of systems supporting school expenses. Recently, the number of American graduate students majoring in science hit the ceiling, and therefore, the fellowship system is re-recognized to be important. The fellowship system in the U.S. largely contributes not only to education of researchers but to increase in mobility of researchers. It is recognized that the mobility of researchers is indispensable for reinforcement of the industrial competitive force. The fellowship system is playing a more important role in the innovation of the US industry. (NEDO)

  20. New energy vision for Ginoza village. Fiscal 2000 survey report on new energy vision formulation project for Ginoza village; Ginozason shin energy vision. 2000 nendo Ginozason shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated for Ginoza village, Okinawa Prefecture, for the realization of symbiosis with nature. It is a 5,000-strong entirely farming village situated along the eastern coast at the middle of the main island of the Ryukyus, with energy consumption of 9,982 kl in terms of crude oil in fiscal 1999. The results of activities in this connection are summarized in six chapters, which are (1) the state of the village and new energy, (2) current state of energy supply/demand and outlook for the future, (3) existing amount of new energy, (4) trends of types of new energy under study, (5) feasibility of new energy introduction, and (6) Ginoza village's new energy vision. Chapter (6) is constituted of the general principles of new energy introduction into Ginoza village and a long-term vision of new energy introduction for each field, and discusses the introducible types which are photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, small scale hybrid power source systems, fuel cells, natural gas fired cogeneration, refuse fueled power generation, and clean energy vehicles. (NEDO)

  1. Museum of water, green and the sun - Marumori. New energy vision of the Marumori Town area; 2001 nendo Marumori machi shin energy vision hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Mizu to midori nto taiyo no hakubutsukan Marumori)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    In Marumori Town, Miyagi Prefecture, a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out which indicated the assessment of the energy reserved in the town and the course of new energy to be determined in the future. The energy consumption amount of Marumori Town in FY 1999 was estimated at 47,535 kL in crude oil conversion. By sector, the energy consumption amount was the largest in the order of the industrial sector, the transportation sector and the commercial/residential sector. The availability of new energy in Maruyama Town was estimated at approximately 480,585 GJ, of which the solar energy utilization was the largest, 53.1%. The photovoltaic power generation was the next largest, 25.4%, followed by the temperature difference energy (underground water), 8.9%, clean energy car, 7.8%, etc. As a plan for the first introduction of new energy, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation facilities to the Marumori Town Office, introduction of new energy to public facilities around the Fudoson Park, introduction of wind power generation facilities to the town-run pasture, construction of the Marumori-type biogas plant, construction of a mini hydroelectric power plant, introduction of clean energy car to public vehicles, introduction of new energy facilities to the area of Kawa-no-Eki (station of the river), etc. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 2001 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation at Kyonan Town; 2001 nendo Kyonan machi shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Watashitachi ga tsukuru machi, subete ga koen no machi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    A regional new energy vision was formulated at Kyonan Town, Chiba Prefecture, which includes a new energy introduction plan, an action program for the plan, and the like, intended to promote enlightenment/popularization relative to new energy and environmental matters. Kyonan Town consumes 18.69 times 10{sup 10} kcal of energy, with oil accounting for 65.4%, LPG for 6.0%, and electricity 28.6%, the statistics disclosing that the town has an oil-dependent energy consumption structure. The new energy likely to be introduced will comprise 13,574 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in solar energy, 336,187 MWh/year in wind power, 17,170 kWh/year in small-scale hydroelectric power, 0.57 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in refuse fueled power, and 0.60 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in biomass fueled power. The town's new energy introduction project centers on photovoltaics, passive solar heat utilization, wind power, small-scale hydroelectric power, and aims to introduce the new energies into public facilities such as the Eco Garden and Katsuyama Primary School, and into kindergartens, nursery schools, shopping malls, and so forth. A plan was also worked out for adopting clean-energy vehicles for official use. (NEDO)

  3. New energy vision for Nomura town. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Nomura town, Ehime Prefecture; Nomuracho shin energy vision. 2000 nendo Nomuracho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    An effort is being exerted to build a town which will generate but a little environmental impact, with symbiosis with nature established as the highest priority target of the town administrative activities. Under the Nomura town new energy vision, a basic policy and measures are established toward the promotion of new energy introduction, with local features, existence of new energy resources, and the feasibility of new energy adoption taken into consideration. Surveys were made and the results are compiled into seven chapters, which involve (1) the trend of new energy, (2) local features, (3) existing amount and available amount of new energy, (4) basic policy toward the introduction of new energy, (5) main projects for the introduction of new energy, (6) details of the basic policy toward the introduction of new energy, and (7) the Nomura Town Deliberation Committee on New Energy Vision Formulation. Chapter (6) covers the assessment of new energy introduction feasibility, promotion of concretized introduction projects, public relations/enlightening/popularizing activities, and assistance for new energy introduction. Studied for introduction are photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, biomass power generation, and the like. (NEDO)

  4. Survey report. New energy vision formulation project for Osa Town, Okayama Prefecture; 2001 nendo Osa cho shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    A New Energy Vision was formulated for Osa Town after investigations about energy demand, new energy reserves, and their available amounts. The town consumes approximately 50.6-billion kcal in total, with automobiles consuming a half thereof as fuel. Studies were made about new energy reserves and recoverable amounts in the town, and then an estimation was made that 16.2 times 10{sup 5} kWh/year would be recoverable from photovoltaic energy, 1.58 times 10{sup 5} kWh from small-scale hydropower, 8.79 times 10{sup 6} kWh from ligneous biomass, and 1.96 times 10{sup 5} kWh from livestock biomass, and that 40 MW, for example, would come from wind power, subject to change depending on the wind power generator system to be built. Projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which involved the use of biodiesel fuel for official vehicles, installation of solar hot water showers in primary and junior high schools, application of photovoltaic/wind power to crime prevention lights and street lamps, snow melting systems for roads utilizing geothermal energy, use of heat from thinnings and ligneous waste, wind power facilities, small-scale hydropower facilities, introduction of new energy appliances into sightseeing facilities, and the introduction of photovoltaic power or the like into public facilities. (NEDO)

  5. New energy vision of the Yokaichi city area. New energy society to be created by all citizen - Yokaichi City; 2001 nendo Youkaichi shi chiiki shin energy vision. Minna no chikara de tsukuru shin energy shakai Youkaichi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yokaichi City, Shiga Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at approximately 1,004,638 drums in terms of oil drum (200L). By sector, the energy consumption amount was 66.1% in the industrial sector, 17.4% in the transportation sector and 16.5% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 62.2% of fossil fuel, etc., and 37.9% of electric power. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: promotion of introduction of solar energy collector/photovoltaic power generation to general households; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar hot water supply space heating system to public facilities; road preparation by installation of street light using photovoltaic power generation; installation of micro wind power generator at the disaster-prevention base; introduction of biomass energy such as wood pellet stove to public facilities; project of rape blossoms (cultivation of rape/production and consumption of rape oil/recovery of waste cooking oil/BDF). (NEDO)

  6. Report on establishment of new energy vision in Akeno Village (Yamanashi Prefecture); Akenomura shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established to move positively forward the introduction of reproducible new energies and promotion of energy conservation at the district level, based on the basic conception of 'protecting and nurturing nature and culture of Akeno Village to leave them to the future generations'. The activity achievements were put into order by the following five items: 1) basic conception and basic policy in establishing the new energy vision, 2) the general situation of Akeno Village, 3) investigation on energy demand and supply in Akeno Village, 4) estimation of existence quantity of new energies, and 5) the new energy introduction vision. Item 5 is composed of the conception in establishing the idea, new energy introduction plans, and new energy introduction projects. The new energy introduction projects include introduction of photovoltaic power generation into Akeno Middle School, installation of wind power generation facilities at open space in the 'Road Station', introduction of hybrid street lights using micro wind mills and solar cells into the school zone roads, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into official use automobiles. (NEDO)

  7. Report for fiscal 2000 on feasibility study for commercializing new energies; 2000 nendo shin energy jigyoka feasibility study hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Tobu Town in Nagano Prefecture has established a 'Tobu Town new energy vision' and set up a polity to make efforts in discussing new energy introduction into public facilities which will be constructed in the future. Discussions were given on commercialization possibilities of the energy center system, particularly energy supply by cogeneration utilizing natural gas, for the four facilities in the 'Forest of Welfare'. Comparison was performed on primary energy consumption, CO2 emission reducing quantity, and economic performance between the existing energy supply systems and the energy center system. Discussions were also given on means to utilize solar energy. The plan calls for establishing the energy center in the 'Forest of Welfare', wherein facilities composed mainly of a gas engine type cogeneration plant (500 kW) and a solar heat collector (36.4 m{sup 2}) will be installed to supply the object facilities with electric power and hot water. This operation will be able to reduce the primary energy consumption by 12% and CO2 emission by 18%. (NEDO)

  8. New energy visions for City of Sapporo. Report on the survey results; Sapporoshi shin energy vision chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    This project is aimed at survey/study on new energy reserves and possibility of their introduction for City of Sapporo, and, at the same time, drawing the future visions for introduction of new energies to reshape the city. The new energies considered are solar energy and waste heat carried by sewage, in addition to waste heat from garbage incineration and garbage-derived solid fuels, which are now already utilized as the heat sources for district heat supply. The city as a whole consumed energy of 28,100Tcal/y in 1985 and 45,700Tcal/y in 1996, and emitted carbon dioxide totaling 2,690,000 and 3,510,000 tC/y in the respective year. The projects considered for introduction of new energies include construction of a new cleaning plant and heat supply system at the southern gate of Sapporo Station, introduction of clean energy automobiles, increasing attractiveness of Satoland project, utilization of low-temperature heat at glass pyramids in Moere Park, promotion of photovoltaic power generation, construction of facilities for culture-exchanging, and construction of an environmental plaza. (NEDO)

  9. Report on new energy vision establishment in Oga City area; Ogashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Oga City in Akita Prefecture. The population of the city is continuing the decreasing trend since 1955 to 30,462 persons as of 2000. The number of employed people by industry is in the trend of decreasing in the primary industry, leveling off in the second industry, and increasing in the tertiary industry. The annual energy demand in this city is 838,000 MWh in electric power and 302 times 10{sup 13} J, accounted for by the consumer department at about 44.4%, the transportation department at about 28.3% and the industrial department at 27.3%. The carbon dioxide emission amount therefrom is estimated 68,100 t-C. The expected usable quantity of new energies in the city would be available in solar heat as the largest source, followed by solar beam and wind power, whose amount is estimated 136.41 times 10{sup 13}J annually in total. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of wind power generation into Namahage Line and its vicinity and the Ikari area, manufacture of fuel from refuses, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the cars used by the city office, introduction of photovoltaic into the general gymnasium and primary and middle schools, and solar heat utilization at the general gymnasium. (NEDO)

  10. Report of regional new energy vision for Kannami Town; 2001 nendo Kannami cho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kannami Town, Shizuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy consumption structure of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town consumes approximately 5-million GJ/year, with the industrial sector consuming 47%, the transportation sector 29%, and the residential and commercial sector 26%. When a comparison is made, the percentages of the residential/commercial and transportation sectors are relatively higher than the national average. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which involved photovoltaic power generation for the town office, community hall, primary and junior high schools, nursery schools, and general residences; solar heat utilization for public facilities, greenhouses, and general residences; wind power generation for sightseeing facilities, public gardens, and emergency evaluation areas; utilization of sewage waste heat for the sewage purification center; utilization of hot spa waste heat in the urban area; a biomass-fueled power plant; medium- and mini-scale hydroelectric power generation for the drinking water treatment plant; refuse-fueled power generation at refuse incineration facilities; use of clean-energy automobiles; natural gas-fueled cogeneration for public organizations; and so forth. (NEDO)

  11. New energy vision of the Gushikami Village area; 2001 nendo Gushikami son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Gushikami Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the village, existence amount of new energy, plan for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy demand of Gushikami Village was estimated at 640.2 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 37.1% in the transportation sector, 32.0% in the commercial/residential sector and 30.8% in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 73.7% of petroleum-base fuel and 26.3% of electric power. As the plan for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/museum/elementary school/junior high school, introduction of solar heat utilization facilities to the meal providing center/gymnasium, introduction of wind power generation to the sports park, project of wind power generation on the sugar cane hill (600kW x 6 turbines), cogeneration by composting of stockbreeding waste and methane, introduction of clean energy car to official vehicle, introduction of natural gas vehicle, installation of experimental plant for conversion of sugar cane to methanol, etc. (NEDO)

  12. Report on new energy vision at Hinase Town area; 2001 nendo Hinase cho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Hinase Town in Hyogo Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumption in Hinase Town is 242,814,320,000 kcal in fiscal 2000. The amount of carbon dioxide discharge associated therewith is 76.57 t-CO2/year. Regarding the energy consumption by departments, the industrial department consumes the most, followed by the transportation department, civil household department, and civil business department. The new energy introduction projects have discussed servicing of the bio-gas plant utilizing organic wastes and cogeneration, the new energy introduction projects for the Natural Energy Island at Kakui Island and the ocean ranch consisted of the use of solar heat water warmer, solar cell powered street lights, photovoltaic power generation, and electric cars for sightseeing visitors, the Eco-school promotion project for primary schools, introduction of energy saving devices into the town office, and the new energy proliferation and enlightenment project. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1999 edition. Guidebook for introducing new energies in Kinki District; Kinki chiiki shin energy donyu guide book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The captioned guidebook is composed of the following subjects: (1) the current status and problems of new energies (the energy status and the current status of new energies in Japan, and approaches to new energies in Japan); (2) the status of introduction and works in Kinki District (the outline of introduction and works in Kinki District on photovoltaic electric power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, wastes power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, cogeneration, fuel cells, unused energies, and other reproducible energies); (3) NEDO related supportive institutions (new energy introduction promotion projects by NEDO, and the outline of different supportive institutions); (4) new energy introduction flow (total flow leading to the introduction, and introduction flow by new energies); (5) the grand new energy prize in Kinki District (what is the grand new energy prize? and cases of prizes awarded in Kinki District); (6) new energy related supportive institutions (a list of the related institutions, and the outline of different supportive institutions); and (7) new energy consultation windows and contacts (consultation windows and contacts for general new energy aspects and the government related supportive institutions, and consultation windows by new energies). The grand new energy prize is awarded by New Energy Foundation as the 'institution for public recognition of new energy devices of the 21st century type'. (NEDO)

  14. Report on a regional new energy vision establishment in Yatsuka Township; Yatsukamachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy vision in Yatsuka Township in Shimane Prefecture. For the survey on available amount of natural energies (sunlight and wind), all-weather insolation required for solar energy power generation was analyzed by using the NEDO information, and wind was analyzed based on observations at Matsue Meteorological Observatory, Sakai-minato Observatory, and Nakaura Water Gate. In discussing the system, power generation amount in the Matsue area was estimated for the case when solar cells of single crystal silicon plus amorphous hybrid type HIP-H48B1 are used. For wind power generation, power generation amount was calculated from observation values derived at the Nakaura water gate when wind mills with diameters from 2 to 10 m are used. Furthermore, calculations were performed on power amount generated uniformly by using a hybrid system using solar energy power generation and wind power generation. As a result of the discussions, a plan was established to introduce the new energies by means of a solar and wind energy hybrid power generation system to the greenhouse 'Green Stellar' symbolizing the Japan's largest peony production, being capable of year-round peony cultivation. The system is planned to be introduced to the town office building and other public organizations sequentially according to annual programs. (NEDO)

  15. Survey report on establishing a regional new energy vision in Gohoku Village; Gohokuson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A regional new energy vision was established in Gohoku Village in Kochi Prefecture. Significance of this vision as a guideline for new energy introduction lies in preservation of natural environment, development promotion of the district, and building of a village strong against disasters. According to the discussion on energy availability in Gohoku Village, the expected usable amount will be about 5.13 million kWh/year by using solar energy power generation, about 2.25 billion kcal/year by utilizing solar heat, about 42 million kWh/year by utilizing wind energy, about 1.07 million kWh/year by using a small hydroelectric power plant, and about 31 million kcal/year by using wastes energy. The important new energy introduction projects are planned for introducing solar energy power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, and small hydroelectric power generation in the area of 'Green Park Hodono' to make it a new energy model park (an ecology park), introducing solar energy power generation and solar heat utilization in the health and welfare center, day-service center, and special aged nursing home, and introducing clean energy fueled automobiles in official use. (NEDO)

  16. FY 2001 report on the new energy vision of Ajigasawa Town; 2001 nendo Azigasawa machi shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Ajigasawa Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the amount of energy demand of the town, potential introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Ajigasawa Town was 13,551 according to the results of the national census taken in 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The energy demand is broken down into 40.1% in the transportation sector, 35.4% in the industrial sector and 24.5% in the commercial/residential sector, depending on petroleum (81.8%) and electric power (13.1%). The CO2 emission amount from the above is estimated at 26,210 t-C/y in total. In the model project for new energy introduction, the following were selected: wind power generation for the filtration plant of water supply system/night soil treatment plant/funeral hall/comprehensive park/seed and seedling center; photovoltaic power generation for the trip village for youth/elementary schools; fuel cell/hybrid car for Ajigasawa town office; micro-hydroelectric power generation for nursery; natural gas cogeneration for the insurance welfare center. (NEDO)

  17. Reseña: "El buda de la luz infinita: Las enseñanzas del budismo shin"

    OpenAIRE

    Falero Folgoso, Alfonso

    2002-01-01

    La conocida y gradualmente nutrida colección de Paidós Orientalia nos ofrece la nueva traducción de un texto ya clásico de un viejo conocido por el lector en castellano. Aunque aún no existe una historia del budismo japonés en lengua castellana. Reseña

  18. Fiscal 1999 edition. Guidebook for introducing new energies in Kinki District; Kinki chiiki shin energy donyu guide book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The captioned guidebook is composed of the following subjects: (1) the current status and problems of new energies (the energy status and the current status of new energies in Japan, and approaches to new energies in Japan); (2) the status of introduction and works in Kinki District (the outline of introduction and works in Kinki District on photovoltaic electric power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, wastes power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, cogeneration, fuel cells, unused energies, and other reproducible energies); (3) NEDO related supportive institutions (new energy introduction promotion projects by NEDO, and the outline of different supportive institutions); (4) new energy introduction flow (total flow leading to the introduction, and introduction flow by new energies); (5) the grand new energy prize in Kinki District (what is the grand new energy prize? and cases of prizes awarded in Kinki District); (6) new energy related supportive institutions (a list of the related institutions, and the outline of different supportive institutions); and (7) new energy consultation windows and contacts (consultation windows and contacts for general new energy aspects and the government related supportive institutions, and consultation windows by new energies). The grand new energy prize is awarded by New Energy Foundation as the 'institution for public recognition of new energy devices of the 21st century type'. (NEDO)

  19. Estimating site occupancy and detection probabilities for cooper's and sharp-shinned hawks in the Southern Sierra Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennifer E. Carlson; Douglas D. Piirto; John J. Keane; Samantha J. Gill

    2015-01-01

    Long-term monitoring programs that can detect a population change over time can be useful for managers interested in assessing population trends in response to forest management activities for a particular species. Such long-term monitoring programs have been designed for the Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), but not for the more elusive Sharp...

  20. Data book of new energy introduction to Hokkaido. FY 2000 version; Hokkaido shin energy donyu data shu. 2000 nendoban

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively introducing/promoting new energy and of supplying the basic data which contribute to the promotion/education, the actual results of new energy introduction to Hokkaido were collected/arranged. New energies to be surveyed were the photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, waste power generation, waste heat utilization, waste fuel production, biomass energy, unused energy, gas generation, petroleum cogeneration, fuel cells, clean energy vehicles, small-/medium-scale hydroelectric power generation, etc. The purpose of the book is mainly to collect the basic information, that is, what kind of new energy has been introduced to what kind of area. The data are so collected that facilities adopting new energy can be seen as unit of city/town/village as a rule. The method to collect information is based on the total collection of the reports made by organizations in/outside Hokkaido. The book additionally covers the details of the data supplied and the data collected. (NEDO)

  1. Basic survey report on regional new energy vision for Ehime Prefecture; Ehimeken chiiki shin energy vision kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated to establish guidelines for popularizing and utilizing new energy which generates but a small amount of environmental impact. The results of surveys conducted in this connection are described in five chapters, which cover (1) the trend of new energy, (2) current situation of new energy in Ehime Prefecture, (3) calculation of the existing amount and available amount of new energy, (4) calculation of the introducible amount of new energy, and (5) the basic policy toward the introduction of new energy. Part (4) covers solar energy, wind energy, waste-derived energy, temperature difference energy, minor scale hydroelectric power generation, biomass energy, and like others. It states that a total of 540,000 kl/year will be available in terms of oil, equivalent to approximately 6% of Ehime Prefecture's 1997 energy consumption, and that it is expected that in fiscal 2010 photovoltaic/passive solar energy utilization, cogeneration, and wind power will yield 152,000, 314,000, and 27,000 kl/year respectively. (NEDO)

  2. Report on new energy vision for fiscal 2000 in Nanno Town (Gifu Prefecture); 2000 nendo Nannocho shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Nanno Town, upon investigating the existence quantity and utilization possibility of new energies, and from a viewpoint of reduction of air pollutants, and assurance of independent energy resources. The vision was established with the residents' participation as the base, while keeping consistency with the 'Nanno Town's new century development plan, 2010'. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) necessity of introducing new energies, 2) the current status of Nanno Town, 3) energy demand quantity in Nanno Town, 4) possibility of introducing the new energies, 5) establishment of the introduction project, and 6) assignments and measures toward realization of the vision. Item 4) is composed of the summary of new energies in the district, new energy existence quantity in Nanno Town, and the residents' consciousness. Investigations were carried out on utilization possibilities of energies from solar beam, wind power, bio-mass, and wastes. The new energy existence quantity is estimated to be 5,005 kl/year converted into petroleum, as solar heat for general houses, 1,132 k/year as bio-mass, and 329 k/year as wastes. (NEDO)

  3. Regional new energy vision formulation for Nichinan City. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Nichinan shi chiiki shin energy vision sakuteisho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Nichinan City, Miyazaki Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The city's energy demand is estimated to be approximately 4,028-million MJ/year, which includes 46% for the transportation sector, 30% for the people's livelihood-related business sector, 17% for the residential sector, and 7% for the industrial sector. The energy demand is covered 62% by oil-based fuels and 30% by electric power. Projects discussed for new energy introduction included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a lifelong learning center, a comprehensive center for health and welfare, and primary schools; introduction of solar hot water supply systems into school meal providing facilities; introduction of medium-size wind power systems (five systems); medium- or small-scale hydroelectric power generation on the Sakatani river; use of street light lighted by photovoltaic/wind hybrid power systems; introduction of clean energy vehicles; power generation utilizing livestock excrement; introduction of photovoltaic, hydroelectric, and methane gas power generation into a sewage treatment plant; and the use of RPF (refuse paper and plastic fuel) at the Nichinan plant of Oji Paper Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2001 Report of regional new energy vision for Futaba Town; 2001 nendo Futaba machi chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Futaba Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy consumed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the town is 113,049 times 10{sup 6} kcal, with automobiles consuming 47.2%, manufacturing industries 19.8%, households 18.9%, and commerce 12.6%. The amount of carbon dioxide due to the consumption is estimated at 9,999 times 10{sup 3} kg-C in total. Studies were made about new energy introduction projects toward 2010, which involved the introduction of photovoltaic power generation systems and solar heat utilization systems into four public facilities and 214 general residences; introduction of nine clean energy vehicles into public facilities and 181 into general residences; a wind power station near the seashore; a mini-scale hydroelectric power system for irrigation; introduction of new energy for illuminating sightseeing roads and parks, and so forth. (NEDO)

  5. Report on establishing new energy vision at Furen Town area; 2001 nendo Furen cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at the city of Furen in Hokkaido, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies in existence, and new energy introduction projects of the city, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumed in Furen Town is 119,846 x 10{sup 3} kWh. By departments, the transportation department has the highest consumption ratio, followed by general household. Energy types are kerosene, followed by heavy oil, electric power and LPG in the decreasing order. The important new energy introduction projects have discussed the ''Snow Storehouse Workshop'' being a low temperature rice storage facility in Bibai City, which performs cold storage and shipment adjustment of agricultural products, through-the-year agriculture to perform house cultivation by using rice straws and rice husks as the heat energy source, adjustment of temperatures of paddy fields by using calorific power of rice husks, electric power generation and heat supply by using heat of combustion of chips from lumber factories, electric power generation and heat supply by using livestock excreta (bio-gas), and introduction of new energies into schools and parks. (NEDO)

  6. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Toyohashi area; Toyohashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The 'new energy vision for Toyohashi (Aichi Prefecture) area' was established from the viewpoint that proliferation of new energy use, which is less familiar and higher in cost, requires induction by urban and environmental measures, and consistency with district characteristics. The achievements were put into order as the report on the Toyohashi area new energy vision and the investigation on the vision establishment. The vision is composed by the following four items: 1) basic matters concerning the vision, 2) ideas and policies of the vision, 3) major measures for introducing new energies, and 4) promotion of the vision. Item 3) presents the introduction measures, introduction project, and measure development by areas. Considerations on the introduction measures include enlightenment for proliferation, expansion in information provision, development of preferential treatments, initiative introduction into public facilities, and the measures to strengthen cooperative works by citizens, business entities, and the administration. The following four projects were set: introduction of wastes power generation into the Resource Production Center (wastes treatment plant), improvement of the surplus heat utilization facilities, and introduction of wind power generation into the General Agricultural Park. (NEDO)

  7. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Toyohashi area; Toyohashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The 'new energy vision for Toyohashi (Aichi Prefecture) area' was established from the viewpoint that proliferation of new energy use, which is less familiar and higher in cost, requires induction by urban and environmental measures, and consistency with district characteristics. The achievements were put into order as the report on the Toyohashi area new energy vision and the investigation on the vision establishment. The vision is composed by the following four items: 1) basic matters concerning the vision, 2) ideas and policies of the vision, 3) major measures for introducing new energies, and 4) promotion of the vision. Item 3) presents the introduction measures, introduction project, and measure development by areas. Considerations on the introduction measures include enlightenment for proliferation, expansion in information provision, development of preferential treatments, initiative introduction into public facilities, and the measures to strengthen cooperative works by citizens, business entities, and the administration. The following four projects were set: introduction of wastes power generation into the Resource Production Center (wastes treatment plant), improvement of the surplus heat utilization facilities, and introduction of wind power generation into the General Agricultural Park. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision for Tanoura town; 2000 nendo Tauracho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated to make an environmentally friendly community of Tanoura town, Kumamoto Prefecture, which is a 6,000-people town facing Shiranui Bay and consisting of seashore, the streets, and a mountainous district. The amount of new energy in existence, when converted into electric power, will be 10 GWh/year accounting for approximately 20% of 1999 power consumption. The types of new energy subjected to study are solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, refuse-derived energy, and geothermal energy, with solar energy surpassing the rest. In the new energy vision, the roles of the administration, citizens, and industrialists are made obvious; new energy introduction projects are established for the introduction of photovoltaic power, solar heat, and wind power into Hot Spring Center; and clean energy vehicles will be acquired to serve as official vehicles. The new energy vision booklet comprises six chapters, with chapter 1 dealing with the basic philosophy of vision formulation. (NEDO)

  9. Feasibility study on introducing new energy systems into Asian villages; Asia sonraku ni okeru shin energy donyu kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For improvement of living standards in unelectrified areas of Asia, the feasibility of new energy power generation systems was surveyed. The degree of electrification of local areas is different every country, and Thailand is ahead of other countries, while Laos and Cambodia are most unelectrified. Power supply of 100W/house seems to be adequate for local areas because of weather condition, housing situation and life-style. Economic support and education on electricity are necessary for poor areas. Although needs for new energy is increasing, the priority is given to industrial and urbanized areas because of cost and investment effects, and remote areas are dependent on grant- in-aid. Resources of photovoltaic, wind power and micro- hydraulic energies are abundant, however, selection of energy and verification of its usability are important, and the local energy density maps were thus prepared. In introduction of new energy, after selection of energy suitable for an area concerned, such geographical and social conditions should be surveyed as road condition, water rights, land utilization, economic support system, policy and intention of inhabitants. 76 refs., 68 figs., 91 tabs.

  10. FY 1999 data book for the introduction of new energy to Hokkaido; 1999 nendoban Hokkaido shin energy donyu data shu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively promoting the introduction of new energy to Hokkaido, it is necessary to comprehensively/systematically arrange various kinds of new energy and to furnish the basic data which contribute to the spread/education. The paper collected/arranged the actual results of the introduction of new energy to Hokkaido, using the existing data, etc. Attention is paid to the collection of the basic information on what kinds of new energy have been introduced in what kinds of regions, etc. Fundamentally, the data were collected by which facilities for new energy can be seen by city/town/village. The new energy for collection is basically within the range of those included in the New Energy Law. They are renewable energy (photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, and wind power generation); recycle type energy (waste power generation, waste heat utilization, fuel production, waste fuel production, biomass energy, and unused energy); new forms of the existing energy (gas/oil cogeneration, fuel cell, and clean energy vehicle). (NEDO)

  11. Basic research report on introduction of new energy into Yamaguchi Prefecture; Yamaguchiken shin energy donyu kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In Estimation Work 1, the potentially available amount (the amount in existence) is determined for each type of new energy by use of various new energy related technologies now available. In Estimation Work 2, the available amount is determined for each type of new energy, with social restraint and installation space taken into consideration. Effects upon energy saving and CO2 emission reduction are 4405.2% and 3439.1% in Estimation Work 1, and 6.5% and 8.0% in Estimation Work 2. A conclusion is reached after examining the outcomes of the said estimation works and the results of simulations (conducted on the assumption of new energy introduction in fiscal 2010), the number of advocates expressing their support of new energy adoption in questionnaires answered by various businesses and offices in the prefecture, high possibilities of introduction detected in a survey of exploitation projects of cities, towns, associations, and unions, and the prospect of acceptance by households. The conclusion is that the types of new energy and technologies to be selectively introduced into the prefecture will be photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, clean energy vehicles, energy extracted from wastes, cogeneration, fuel cells, passive solar system, utilization of waste heat from factories and mills, and ocean energy. These are abundant in terms of potentially available amount and of available amount. (NEDO)

  12. Plan to promote new energy introduction in Niigata Prefecture area; Niigataken chiiki shin energy donyu suishin keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The 'Plan to promote new energy introduction in Niigata Prefecture area' was established to leave the conditions that everybody can live with affluence and comfort in the next generation. The plan lasts for ten years until 2010. Upon identifying the district characteristics of Niigata Prefecture, and based on the results of investigations on new energy existence quantity, utilization possibility thereof, and consciousness of residents of the prefecture, considerations were given that the plan shows the basic policy to promote proliferation of the new energies, and serves as the guideline for practical implementation. The plan document is composed of the following four items: 1) the foreword, 2) the current status of energies, 3) new energies expected of introduction, and 4) basic measures. The energy consumption was estimated to increase to 1.345 times that of fiscal 1990 in the year 2010, the increase being mainly in consumer and household use. The targeted quantity for new energy introduction was set to 90,000 kl annually as converted to petroleum. Expected new energy applications would include photovoltaic power generation, snow energy and solar heat utilization, and cogeneration utilizing natural gas. (NEDO)

  13. Basic tests of a rotation seismograph; Kaiten jishinkei no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsubayashi, H; Kawamura, S; Watanabe, F; Hirai, Y; Kasahara, K [Nippon Geophysical Prospecting Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    For the purpose of developing a rotational seismograph capable of measuring the rotational component of seismic waves, vibratory gyroscopes were installed in the ground for the measurement of vibration of the ground, and the measurements were compared with the values obtained from tests using conventional velocity type seismographs. In the experiment, the plank was hammered on the east side and west side. The seismographs were arranged in two ways: one wherein they were installed at 7 spots at intervals of 1m toward the south beginning at a position 3m south of the vibration source with their rotation axes oriented vertical, with velocity type seismographs provided at the same spots; and the other wherein three rotational seismographs were installed 3m south of the vibration source with their rotation axes respectively oriented vertical, in the direction of N-S, and in the direction of E-W, with a velocity type seismograph provided at the same spot. It was found as the result that the rotational seismograph has a flat band on the lower frequency side and that it may be applied to elastic wave observation across a wide band. Accordingly, it is expected that it will be applied to exploration that uses the SH wave, to structural assessment that uses the Love wave, and to collecting knowledge about the features of natural earthquakes. 2 refs., 8 figs.

  14. Development of aluminium pleasure boats; Arumisei pleasure boat no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuzuki, A. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1999-10-01

    In February 1997, Toyota entered the marine business, a new business sector for it, by marketing a 28-foot cabin cruiser PONAM-28, developed by utilizing its automotive technologies. When Toyota began studying the possibility of entering the marine vessel industry in 1990, its main focus was on the environment. Therefore, in terms of materials procurement for the designs, Toyota refrained from using thermosetting resins, as much as possible. Instead, the decision was made to use an easily recyclable aluminum alloy for the hull which amounts to one-fourth of the vessel's total weight. (author)

  15. Development of artificial soft rock. Jinko nangan zairyo no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kishi, K.; Nishioka, T. (The Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan)); Nojiri, Y.; Kurihara, H.; Fukazawa, E. (Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-09-15

    When a part of the ground is replaced with artificial materials in the construction of important structures on soft rock foundations, it is desirable for the artificial materials to have the rigidity equivalent to that of the surrounding ground and to be stable in the long term. The article reports a success in the development and utilization of artificial soft rocks satisfying the above conditions by using a raw material produced locally at the construction site. The soft rock aimed at was mudstone belonging to the Neocene period, and the artificial material of soil-mortal system is selected as the equivalent having the same physical properties. Improvements in selection of solidification agents and cohesive soil were especially contrived: taht is, a new material for solidification was developed by mixing blast-furnace cement and gypsum; and the mudstone on the site was used as the cohesive soil by slurrying it to adjust its grain size to homogeneous composition. The artificial soft rock resulting from the above contrivance showed excellent flow, self-leveling, and filling properties at the stage of fresh mortar, and the physical properties after hardning was very similar to those of the natural ground. The long-term stability was also confirmed by the tests on hydration reaction and environmental factors. 2 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Development of field navigation system; Field navigation system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ibara, S; Minode, M; Nishioka, K [Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1995-04-20

    This paper describes the following matters on a field navigation system developed for the purpose of covering a field of several kilometer square. This system consists of a center system and a vehicle system, and the center system comprises a map information computer and a communication data controlling computer; since the accuracy for a vehicle position detected by a GPS is not sufficient, an attempt of increasing the accuracy of vehicle position detection is made by means of a hybrid system; the hybrid system uses a satellite navigation method of differential system in which the error components in the GPS are transmitted from the center, and also uses a self-contained navigation method which performs an auxiliary function when the accuracy in the GPS has dropped; corrected GPS values, emergency messages to all of the vehicles and data of each vehicle position are communicated by wireless transmission in two ways between the center and vehicles; and accommodation of the map data adopted a system that can respond quickly to any change in roads and facilities. 3 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Development of new catalytic materials; Shinshokubai zairyo no kaihatsu doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsumi, Takashi [Yokohama National Univ., Kanagawa (Japan)

    1999-04-05

    The catalyst fulfils large role for the solution of environmental problem, resources problem, and energy problem. It is popular to carry out the research, which intends to realize the new process of which the environmental loading is low by the new catalyst. And, the development of catalyst material, which demonstrates the function under the ultimate condition like the environmental catalyst, is required. The interest has leaned in also using the solid catalyst for the synthesis of fine chemical such as intermediate and perfume of the medical supply synthesis. In this paper, the following are described as a new catalyst material: Zeolite and development trend of meso porous molecular sieve explosively studied recently. The application to the reaction is also simply touched. (NEDO)

  18. Development of mechanical brake assist; Mechanical brake assist no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konishi, M; Shingyoji, S; Nakamura, I; Tagawa, T; Saito, Y; Ishihara, T; Kobayashi, S; Yoshida, M [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    We have recognized that there are drivers who cannot apply strong brake pedal force , in spite of the necessity of hard braking in emergencies. We have developed a `mechanical brake assist system` which assists drivers appropriately, according to the drivers` characteristics based on studying the characteristic`s of conditions of drivers applying the brake pedal force in emergency conditions. 2 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Developments of space station; Uchu station no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, H. [National Space Development Agency of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-03-05

    This paper introduces the Japanese experiment module (JEM) in developing a space station. The JEM consists of systems of a pressurizing section, an exposure section, a pressurizing portion of a supply section, a manipulator and an exposure portion of the supply section. The pressurizing section circulates and controls air so that crews can perform experiments under pressurized environment. The exposure section is a part in which experiments are carried out under exposure environment. The supply section runs between a station and the ground, with required devices loaded on it. The manipulator performs attaching a payload for the exposure section and replaces experimental samples. The JEM undergoes a schedule of fabricating an engineering model, testing for a certification a prototype flight model, and putting the model on a flight. The pressurizing section, exposure section and manipulator are at the stage of system tests. Surveillance of the JEM and control of the experiments are carried out at the Tsukuba Space Center. The Center is composed of a space experiment building, a zero-gravity environment testing building, an astronaut training building, a space station operating building, and a space station testing building. 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on possibilities of environmental cooperation in relation with proliferation of environment preservation technologies and institutions in developing countries; 1999 nendo kankyo taisaku gijutsu seido nado no tojokoku fukyu ni kakawaru kankyo kyoryoku kanoseichosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Cooperation in energy and environment aspects with developing countries is considered very important in view of the following points: (1) the cooperation will help developing countries to grow economically while minimizing the damages from industrial pollution and environmental problems; (2) conservation of energies and promotion of use of new energies will contribute to solving pollution problems associated with energy production, and will result in assurance of stability of primary energy availability for Japan; (3) preservation of environments in countries exporting foods to Japan will link to maintaining health of Japanese people and increasing their welfare; and (4) Japanese industrial pollution preventing technologies and knowledge whose levels are high worldwide may be utilized to create new business chances for Japanese business entities. The present survey has discussed the importance by territories, the importance by cooperation modes, and sharing of roles by governmental and private organizations, and performed case studies. Considerations were given from the discussion results on how the environmental projects should be planned in the environment cooperation, the contents to be of win/win from the viewpoint of motivation, the project image for subjected territories being composite and comprehensive, and the cases from the viewpoint of mutual coexistence referred to as prevention of global warming and assurance of food and energy resources. (NEDO)

  1. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on structuring an institution for energy and environmental policies (part 1: trends in policies for preventing global warming in some countries); 1999 nendo energy kankyo seisaku no seido kochiku ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 1. Kakkoku ondanka boshi seisaku no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This survey reviews the following matters: the current status and future directionality in policies related to achieving the targets in the Kyoto Protocol in advanced countries, trends of improving national institutions to correspond with the Kyoto mechanisms, the background of the conceptions thereon, and policies under implementation and discussion. The report consists of Part 1 and Part 2. First, Part 1 reviews the trends to the most recent date in the summary of warming prevention policies in the major European and North American countries (nine countries composed of Denmark, Germany, France, Norway, Sweden, Britain, Canada and the U.S.A.), placing the importance on the policies and measures that use economic methods (environment taxation system, national discharge quantity transaction, voluntary action plans and agreements). Approaches taken by the countries in relation with the Kyoto mechanisms include the Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) being a trial approach for the Joint Implementation (JI). Part 2 introduces major literatures concerning policy trends in each country and the contents of administrative information, and puts into order the basic items of information considered useful in performing surveys related to subject areas in the future. (NEDO)

  2. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. The survey on structuring institutions for energy environment policies. Part 2. Collection of information about policies in major countries for prevention of global warming; 1999 nendo energy kankyo seisaku no seido kochiku ni kansuru chosa. 2. Kakkoku ondanka boshi seisaku johoshu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The present survey is intended to collect and put in order the literatures and items of information related to: the current status and future directionality in the policies in advanced nations related to achieving the targets of the Kyoto Protocol, and trends of improving national institutions to respond to the Kyoto mechanisms, and the background of the conceptions thereof (including the conceptions on designing the international institutions). The survey gives considerations at the same time on possibilities of realization of the policies being implement and/or discussed. The report consists of two parts. Part 1 puts in order the trends until the most recent date in the summary of warming prevention policies in the major European and North American countries, placing the importance on the policies and measures that use economic methods (environment taxation system, national discharge quantity transaction, voluntary action plans and agreements). Part 2 (the present paper) introduces the contents of the major literatures and administrative materials in the policy trends in each nation, and puts in order the basic items of information that are considered useful for performing in the future the surveys related to the subject areas. (NEDO)

  3. Application of laser cutting in shipbuilding factory. Improvement in cutting accuracy and drastic production capacity increase by night-time unmanned operation; Zosen kojo ni okeru laser setsudan no tekiyo. Setsudan seido kojo, yakan mujin unten de seisan noryoku ohaba up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    A shipbuilding factory which introduced the laser cutting machine is introduced. The laser cutting machine was selected to improve cutting accuracy, improve working environment, and achieve unmanned operation. In this factory, a thin plate with a plate thickness of approximately 10 mm is expected to be machined, and the cutting line consists of two plasma cutting machines, one laser cutting machine, and one gas cutting line and the NC rate is high (97 %). The laser cutting machine incorporates a CO2 laser oscillation machine with a maximum output of 3.5 kW. The following result was obtained as compared with the plasma cutting machine. The cutting accuracy was 0.5 mm or less of the calf margin and no upper edge did not melt down and the distortion was low. No dross adheres and the secondary treatment man-hour decreased. Since it was not necessary to replace an electrode by a new one, a continuous unmanned operation was enabled. The automatic power off function, etc. achieve safety measures against earthquake, etc. Neither fume nor noise was generated. Since the dust collector is not required, the initial cost is low and the running cost is inexpensive, namely 31 yen per meter (40 yen for the plasma cutting machine). 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. Amendment of oil related systems. Abolishment of the temporary measure law for importing specific petroleum products and amendment of the oil storage law and the volatile oil selling business law; Sekiyu kanren no seido kaisei ni tsuite. Tokutei sekiyu seihin yunyu oyobi kihatsuyu hanbaigyoho no kaisei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, I. [Small and Medium Enterprise Agency, Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-07-20

    This paper describes the following matters related to amendment of oil related systems which will be enforced according to the result of discussions at the Petroleum Council on the ways the oil product supply should be in the future. The temporary measure law for importing specific oil products shall be abolished when it will be expired in March 1996. This is because the law has limited the oil product importing organizations only to oil companies who have oil refining capabilities, and the continuation of the law would lose its justifiability under the present circumstances in the petroleum industry. The oil reservation law is then amended so that the emergency handling ability on oil supply will not be hampered even after possible expansion in the number of oil product importing organizations as a result of the abolishment of the temporary measure law. The quality management systems for oil products will also be revised so that the present level on quality items of the minimum necessity will not be declined with respect to the environments and safety. Furthermore, the area designating system that has been limiting erection of oil service stations will be repealed by October 1996. 2 tabs.

  5. Exploration for petroleum and natural gas in Sonai Plain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konishi, K

    1965-09-01

    Exploration in the Sonai Plain by Sekyu Shigen Kaihatsu Kabushiki Kaisha (Oil Resources Development Corporation) since 1955 is described. The development tasks are made difficult due to the presence of permeability traps. However, 41 out of 65 wells drilled up to late March of 1965 have been successful. Quantities of crude oil and natural gas produced in 1963 were, respectively, 5 and 6 times those of 1958. The Sonai Plain is a relatively new area, and there are still many unknown factors, yet the rate of development has increased greatly. More and deeper wells are expected to be drilled with even better results.

  6. Current srate and problems in Japanese petroleum development. ; International trends in petroleum development and problems in Japanese devepment business. Waga kuni sekiyu kaihatsu no genjyo to mondai ten. ; Sekiyu kaihatsu no kokusai doko to waga kuni kaihatsu jigyo no kasai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-11-05

    Petroleum production and its supply and demand require ever closer coordinations among the countries involved. On the other hand, however, there a large number of difficult questions as the problems of global environmental pollution and greenhouse effects increase their seriousness and the economic resources in the petroleum business become scarcer. This paper describes the current state of the Japanese petroleum development, the necessity of spontaneous petroleum development, the international trends in the petroleum development business, and the tasks for Japan in the petroleum development business. Japan is a late comer in the petroleum development business. There are such difficulties as sizes of oil fields being discoverd are becoming smaller, the natural conditions in development target areas are getting severer, and the economic effects are inferior. Japan, whose petroleum self-supply rate is about 0.3%, whose petroleum dependency is heightening as a result of increase in nuclear power generation, and who is the third largest petroleum consuming country next to the U.S.A and Soviet, must use efficiently her financial and technical powers to vitalize her spontaneous petroleum development. Japan has a duty to contribute to the world {prime}s future stabilized supply of oil. The Japanese Government has launched the five-year fund development plan to perform basic surveys for ail in the north-east part of the Japan Sea and the pacific Ocean.

  7. Development in fiscal 1999 of technology to put photovoltaic power generation system into practical use. Management of research and development (System development committee working group); 1999 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Kenkyu kaihatsu kanri (system kaihatsu bukai)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    This paper reports activities carried out in fiscal 1999 by the system development committee working group, a subordinate organization of the committee for development of the photovoltaic power generation technology. The items of implementation laid with emphasis in the current fiscal year included deliberations on the research achievements of the projects completed in fiscal 1999, on the research achievements of the new projects during fiscal 1999, and on pre-final evaluation of the development of a technology to put photovoltaic power generation system into practical use. The themes on the progresses in fiscal 1999 reported in March 2000 consisted of the followings: research and development of a system evaluation technology, investigation and research on supply capability evaluation on the photovoltaic power generation system, researches on peripheral devices for AC modules, investigation and research on electric safety of the photovoltaic power generation system, investigation and research on long-term reliability of inverters, investigation and research on meteorological data for optimal design, investigation and research on evaluation of the photovoltaic power generation, research on a photovoltaic power generating multi-hybrid system, research on a high-density linkage technology, and demonstrative research on a solar beam micro-hydraulic hybrid system. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1996 comprehensive report on R and D on advanced chemical processing technology; 1996 nendo senshin kino soshutsu kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu sokatsu hokokusho. Kokoritsu hatsuden'yo buzai sosei gijutsu kaihatsu / sekiyu seisan system fushoku boshi gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    R and D was conducted on technology for composite thin film formation such as laser MOCVD, for thin film lamination, and for synthesis reaction and characterization in compounded fields where temperature/pressure/magnetic field/electrical field, etc., are compounded, for the purpose of creating materials with functions newly added or reinforced by regulating compositions and structures through atomic/molecular orders. The R and D was conducted on 24 themes, which were rearranged into four categories. Examples of the themes are as follows; development of super hard permanent magnets by crystallization process control of Nd-Fe-B amorphous alloys, as for structural control technology; research on high functional thin film sensors (PbLaTiO{sub 3}) using laser MOCVD, and research on ultra thin film by multi-ion-beam sputtering with ion/photo irradiation, as for thin film technology; R and D on highly ordered structure control technology in electrode surface compounded reaction fields, as for compounded fields; and, research on diagnostic technique for compounded reaction fields by laser-ionization method, as for supporting technologies. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1995 survey report. Study of new energy vision formulation for Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture; 1995 nendo Kawasaki shi shin energy vision sakutei kentou chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted of the current status of energy supply/demand, future problems, goals of the energy policy, basic plan, and so forth, for the formulation of a new energy vision for the city. Concerning energy supply/demand, studies were made of each sector, area, and energy source. In the study of energy demand, it was discovered that, although the industrial sector in the coastal region remained important, the residential/commercial sector was gathering weight and that the city was serving as an energy supply base for the neighboring areas. In the study of new energy, it was found that the available amount of solar energy resources was enormous, that the Tama river fresh water and the Keihin canal seawater constituted a promising source of temperature difference energy, and that sewage energy, transformation station exhaust heat, LNG (liquefied natural gas) cold heat, and so forth, were also available as energy sources. Taken up for discussion as possible new energy introduction models were gas engine cogeneration, photovoltaic power generation, district heat supply utilizing temperature difference energy, and so forth. (NEDO)

  10. Regional new energy vision formulation survey for Makurazaki City. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Makurazaki shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Makurazaki City, Kagoshima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The city's energy demand in fiscal 1999 is estimated at approximately 3,206 TJ, with the industrial sector demanding 1,820 TJ, the residential and commercial sector demanding 701 TJ, and the transportation sector demanding 684 TJ. Energy consuming industries in this prefecture are fisheries industry and food industry. Pilot projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the city hall, primary and junior high schools, a school meal providing center, and a city-managed hospital; installation of hybrid power-lighted light at the city hall, along the Kedo river, and in the Hinokami park; introduction of a solar heat utilization system into a nursing home for elderly people; introduction of wind power into education facilities; conversion of waste of cooking oil into diesel fuel; introduction of clean energy vehicles into public service; and new energy projects to be contracted to the private sector. (NEDO)

  11. Survey report on establishing a new energy and energy saving vision in Fukui Prefecture; Fukuiken shin energy sho energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy and energy saving vision in Fukui Prefecture. The energy consumption in Fukui Prefecture for fiscal 1996 was 25242 x 1 billion kcal, being 0.7% of the nation's total consumption. The per capita energy consumption is about a little greater than the national average. The energy consumption structure is characterized by large consumption in the transportation department, especially in automotive consumption. Carbon dioxide discharge is as little as being ranked 13th among all the prefectures in Japan. The availability and usable quantity of new energies in Fukui Prefecture is estimated as 1659939 x 10{sup 3} kWh/year as electric power, 9436 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year as gas, and 3536720 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year as heat. Energies could be saved most greatly by enhancing automotive fuel consumption rate, followed by effects of energy saving activities based on spontaneous action plans established by the industrial departments. New energies selected to be worked on importantly include: solar energy power generation, wind power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, wastes energy, co-generation and solar heat. (NEDO)

  12. Report on the project on working out the new energy vision of Hisai City; 2001 nendo Hisai shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Hisai City, Mie Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand structure, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was 21,500 lorries in the industrial sector, 11,200 lorries in the transportation sector, 2,700 lorries in the business sector and 2,400 lorries in the residential sector in terms of tank-lorry loaded oil. As features, the following were cited: growth in the transportation sector, mostly in automobiles, was great; growth in the electric power consumption in the residential sector was great. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were supposed and studied in terms of the economical efficiency and environmental acceptability: introduction of cogeneration to hospital; introduction of ligneous biomass power generation to hospital; substitution of wood burning boiler for A heavy oil boiler for hot water supply use; introduction of photovoltaic power generation for home use and business use; introduction of solar heat use hot water supply device. (NEDO)

  13. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Urugi village area; 2001 nendo Urugi mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Urugi Village, Nagano Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of characteristics of the natural environment/characteristics of social economy of the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. Urugi Village is 800 meters above sea level and in the riches of the Nature being surrounded by mountains on all sides. The population of the village was 734 as of March 1993, which is decreasing by 14-15/y. The aging rate was very high, 32.3%. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: 10kW class photovoltaic power generation facilities to be installed at Furusato-kan and by the road of Hiraya Pass, 2.5kW class wind power generation facilities to be installed at Hiraya Pass for education of new energy, installation of a 10kW class mini hydroelectric power plant supplying power to the auto-camping site, stockbreeding biomass cogeneration which conducts fermentation of the methane from animal feces and garbage generated in Urugi Village, ligneous biomass cogeneration, etc. (NEDO)

  14. Regional new energy vision for Kobuchizawa Town. Eco-energy town - Kobuchizawa; 2001 nendo Kobuchisawa cho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho. Eco energy town Kobuchisawa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kobuchizawa Town, Yamanashi Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted on the trend of energy consumption in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town consumes 635,021 GJ/year in energy, with the industrial sector consuming 34.6%, the transportation sector 24.8%, the residential sector 21.8%, and the commercial sector 18.7%. The energy sources are electric power, kerosene, LPG, gasoline, gas oil, and heavy oil, as named in the descending order in terms of amount. Studies were made about new energy introduction projects, which included the use of photovoltaic power for outdoor lights, primary schools, nursery schools, the flower park (Fiore Kobuchizawa), mountain huts, and for the Kannondaira sightseeing spot; mini-scale hydroelectric power generation for the maintenance of the Otaki spa and existing water channel utilities; wind power generation for improvement on mountain huts; introduction of clean-energy vehicles; introduction of cogeneration (natural gas); and a business for effectively utilizing biomass. (NEDO)

  15. Simplified study for the proposed APR1400 condenser performance based on EL-DABAA SITE, EGYPT, with respect to BNPP and SHIN KORI NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdoelatef, M. Gomaa; Rezk, Osama; Lee, YonKwan [KEPCO International Nuclear Graduate School, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    • Perception of nuclear power as a convenient, economically competitive and viable source of energy which, if introduced in the country, would not only complement the traditional energy sources, but would also promote technological development and serve as an incentive for social and economic progress. In this paper we will introduce APR-1400 as the most likely selected reactor type for 1st Egyptian Nuclear Power Plant. Then we will study the optimized APR-1400 condenser performance based on El-Dabaa site conditions. As the climate conditions, especially the seawater temperatures (intake for the cooling system) having a direct effects on the condenser performance and the overall NPP Efficiency, we studied the seawater temperature change based on EL-Dabaa site conditions and it's feedback on the proposed APR-1400 condenser performance and the NPP efficiency. All of the calculations and analysis had been executed by using KINGS NPA by applying EL-Dabaa seawater temperature variations for the 2 types of APR-1400 Condensers (Shinkori, south Korea and Barakah, UAE), and the main findings were as follow: For the APR-1400 condensers (Shinkori and Barakah) performance • The average difference all over the year for saturation temperature, cooling water outlet temperature, and condenser pressure are 0.135 .deg. C, .05785 .deg. C, and 0.3948 mHgA respectively. This shows that the Barakah condenser performance is not significantly better than the shinkori condenser performance based on EL-Dabaa Conditions, especially if we considered the cost difference between the two condensers designs. For APR-1400 NPPs (Shinkori and Barakah) net efficiency • The average difference all over the year for the power productions and net efficiency are 1.4791 MWe and .00037 %, respectively.

  16. Report on investigation new energy vision establishment in Zao Town area in fiscal 2000; 2000 nendo Zaocho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Zao Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Zao Town is 14,240 persons as of 2000, continuing the slow decreasing trend since 1986. The energy consumption is accounted for by the industrial department at about 50% of the total consumption, followed by the transportation department at about 30%, and the consumer department at about 20%. Discussions on the new energy utilization possibility revealed 30,905 MWh annually by photovoltaic power generation, and 34,630Gcal annually by solar heat utilization. Discussions were also given on power wind generation, small to medium hydropower generation, utilization of hot spring heat, and others. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into such public facilities as the public hall and athletic park, private sector operated houses and business facilities, introduction of wind power generation into the surrounding areas of the Zao Heart Land and skiing areas, snow melting utilizing hot spring heat, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, installation of bio-mass plants, illumination of parks and streets utilizing photovoltaic and wind power generation systems, and micro hydropower generation in small to medium size rivers. (NEDO)

  17. Initial-stage research report on business of drawing up regional new energy vision for Shibecha Town; Shibechacho shin energy vision sakutei jigyo chosa shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The vision includes (1) the buildup of foundations for comfortable living circumstances by utilizing new energy, (2) the development of local industries that befriend themselves with nature by utilizing new energy, and (3) the practice of education and training on environment through the intermediary of new energy. Concerning item (1), in the construction of public facilities, residential houses, and roads, all of which constitute the foundations of daily life, plans will be promoted to use energy produced by the utilization of natural energy resources such as solar rays, solar heat, and wind force, and other energy produced by utilizing heat from refuse incineration and heat latent in the sewage, for the establishment of comfortable living conditions with CO2 emissions reduced. Concerning item (2), studies will be made to install biogas-utilizing plants for excrement treatment and recycling in dairy and animal husbandry; and wind power generation and small-scale hydroelectric power generation will be introduced for supplying power in connection with the effort to complete programs for constructing resort country sites and public meadows. Concerning item (3), for the development of the eco-museum concept, new energy facilities utilizing solar rays, solar heat, wind force, etc., will be introduced into school buildings. (NEDO)

  18. Regional new energy vision for Kakegawa City. Formulation survey report; 2001 nendo Kakegawa shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kakegawa City, Shizuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumes approximately 11,638 GJ/year, with the industrial sector consuming 4,896 GJ, the residential/commercial sector 3,608 GJ, and the transportation sector 3,134 GJ. Energy types are electric power, gas oil, heavy oil, gasoline, kerosene, LPG, and town gas, as listed in the descending order in terms of consumption rate. The amount of carbon dioxide resulting from the consumption is estimated at 673,214 t-CO2. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which involved photovoltaic power generation for the general-purpose gymnasium, kindergartens, the school meal center, and meeting places; introduction of solar heat utilization systems into public facilities; financial support system for the purchase of solar heat utilization apparatuses; refuse-fueled power generation and heat utilization at a new cleaning center; utilization of biogas from garbage and stock raising waste; utilization of woody resources; clean-energy vehicles; and so on. (NEDO)

  19. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Ukiha Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Ukiha machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such in Ukiha Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The energy consumption of the town is estimated at 158,886 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 56.2% in electric power, 19.5% in gasoline, 10.5% in gas oil, 6.9% in kerosene, 4.2% in fuel oil A, and so forth. Projects for introducing new energies were studied, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power systems into public facilities, gymnastic halls, and comprehensive welfare centers; introduction of a large wind power system (1,500 kW) in the vicinity of the Michinoeki roadside service spot; installation of a power plant fueled by woody biomass (scrap wood, saw dust, and the like); introduction of clean energy vehicles for official use; installation of photovoltaic/wind hybrid power-lighted street lamps in the shopping area; installation of light traps for agriculture burned by photovoltaic power; and financial aids for encouraging the installation of photovoltaic power generation systems in general residences. (NEDO)

  20. Regional new energy vision formulation for Kadogawa Town, Miyazaki Prefecture. Report; 2001 nendo Miyagi ken Kadokawa cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Kadogawa Town, Miyazaki Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The town's energy demand is estimated to be 1,197.4-million MJ/year, which includes 44.1% for the transportation sector, 22.9 for the residential sector, 22.7% for the industrial sector, and 10.3% for the people's livelihood-related business sector. The energy demand is covered 62.7% by oil-based fuels, 22.7% by electric power, and 13.4% by LP gas. Projects discussed for new energy introduction included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the town office, primary schools, and a comprehensive workers' welfare center; introduction of a solar hot water supply system and hybrid power-lighted street light into a seaside park; introduction wind power into Motoyama Park; mini-scale hydroelectric power on the Isuzu river; introduction of clean energy vehicles into the town office; power generation fueled by methane gas from livestock excrement; and introduction of natural gas fueled cogeneration into a resort house. (NEDO)

  1. Regional new energy vision formulation survey for Ochi Town. Report; 2001 nendo Ouchi cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Ochi Town, Saga Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction programs, and a vision was formulated. The demand for energy of the town is estimated at 613,575 times 10{sup 9} J, with the industrial sector responsible for 47.7%, the transportation sector for 26.6%, and the residential and commercial sector for 25.7%. Electric power, heavy oil, gas oil, gasoline, and kerosene are demanded, named in the descending order in terms of magnitude of demand. Key projects were discussed for new energy introduction, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a culture exchange center; nighttime illumination of Mikaeri Waterfall by micro-scale hydroelectric power; installation of a water purification system for the Ikisa Dam using photovoltaic power and micro-scale hydroelectric power; introduction of photovoltaic power into a comprehensive sports park and the Ochi Junior High School; and large-scale agricultural production and processing plant operation using photovoltaic power. (NEDO)

  2. Report on an industrial machinery engineering policy study meeting. Studies on new energy industries; Sangyo kikai engineering seisaku kenkyukai (shin energy sangyo no kenkyu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-07-01

    Effects extended to industrial areas by new energy development were analyzed by using the industrial relation table. Technological development of new energies can mass-produce energy without being restricted by energy resource availability, and retaining manufacturing facilities can exhibit energy reserve function with security. The technologies may be suitable for local energy supply. In the aspects of industrial policies and people's living, demands on diversification and improvement of the people's living may be responded, levels of scientific technologies may be enhanced, and contribution to improving the industrial structure may be expected. The energy industry includes a large number of related industries and has vast related areas. A large number of technology induced effects can be expected in the course of research and development. A market of huge size may be estimated in the future, by which level elevation of the industrial structure would be supported. Early promotion of the new energy development is an urgent assignment for the 1980's. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to promote research and development, proliferation and practical application, for which the physical strength of the present Japan must be utilized to its maximum in making human and fund investments. Expansion and improvement in the industrialization infrastructures are also important, whereas the government's subsidies must be increased, and vitality in the private sector must be incorporated into organized force. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Kawanabe town, Kagoshima Prefecture; 2000 nendo Kawabecho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawanabe town, Kagoshima Prefecture, to be participated in by inhabitants and beneficial to both natural environment protection and inhabitants. The results of the survey are described in six chapter which involve (1) the basic philosophy of vision formulation, (2) outline of new energy, (3) environmental characteristics and townspeople's awareness, (4) energy situation and the amount of new energy existing in Kawanabe town, (5) regional new energy vision for Kawanabe town region, and (6) future tasks. After a study of the existing amount of new energy, energy demand, and people's requests, it is concluded that photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, hot spring heat utilization, small scale water energy, and refuse-derived energy be the types to be preferably introduced into the town. Projects are established and concrete plans are prepared thereunder, which concern the reinforcement of public relations and enlightening activities, installation of a wind power system as one of enlightening activities, study of Kawanabe town's own subsidy system for encouraging the introduction of photovoltaic power systems and solar heaters for domestic use, and the introduction of photovoltaic power systems into public facilities such as school houses. In conclusion, it is hoped that, since financial difficulties will be a strong factor to impede new energy introduction, the subsidy system will be a solid one. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 regional new energy vision formulation. Financially aided project (Report on new energy vision formulation for Nakijin village); 2000 nendo Nakijinson shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Nakijin village, Okinawa Prefecture, had a population of 9,500 in 1995 and consumed 1.36 times 10{sup 5} Gcal of energy in fiscal 1998. In its regional new energy vision formulation project, the village has made a decision that it study the introduction of wind power and the like to settle problems relating to energy, environments, and population. In the vision, natural energy utilization and environment preservation are chosen as the targets. The results of related activities are summarized in eight chapters, which are (1) outline of the survey, (2) outline of Nakijin village, (3) new energy in the village, (4) survey of people's awareness, (5) policy toward new energy introduction, (6) projects of new energy introduction, (7) study of models of key projects, and (8) measures for vision enhancement. Established as key projects are the use of clean energy in the village sports park, new energy popularization drive with the integrated junior high school at the center, and efforts to activate local industries and invigorate tourist business. It is planned that a 600 kW class wind turbine be installed in the sports park. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Iwasaki village area; 2001 nendo Iwasaki mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Iwasaki Village, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Iwasaki Village was 2,845 as of October 2000, which decreased approximately 30% in the past 20 years. The energy demand of the whole village was about 280,000 GJ in amount (about 7,202 kL/y in crude oil conversion), consisting of kerosene, light oil, heavy oil, gasoline, electric power and LPG. As viewed by sector, the rate of energy demand in the commercial/residential sector was comparatively high. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: wind power generation around the Yamamori plain/Iwasaki village office; snow melting system using soil heat exchanger on the road in front of elementary school, photovoltaic power generation for public facilities (elementary and junior high schools/house of recreation and relaxation for old people/day nursery)/Tsugaru Semi-national Park/general houses; wave power generation at the Iwasaki fishing port; introduction of clean energy vehicles to public facilities; utilization of ligneous biomass energy, etc. (NEDO)

  6. Let People Bathe in Clean Energy. Regional new energy vision for Matsuyama Town; 2001 nendo Matsuyama machi chiiki shin energy vision. Toumeinal energy wo sosoide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Matsuyama Town, Yamagata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and then a vision was formulated. The town demands 120,407-million kcal/year in energy comprising 56.8% from oil based fuels, 39.2% from electric power, and 4.1% from LP gas. As for consumption, 35.6% is consumed by households, 28.9% by industries, 21.3% by transportation, and 14.2% by commerce. The amount of carbon dioxide due to the consumption is estimated at 28,000 t-CO2/year. Key projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which included an eco-town project for introducing photovoltaic power generation systems, passive solar heat utilization systems, clean energy vehicles, and so forth, into public facilities; an eco-agriculture project for utilizing wind power generation and livestock excreta energy; an eco-park project for exhibiting new energies to the public; and an eco-school pilot model project. (NEDO)

  7. Takane new energy vision. Creation of life environment with affluence using natural energies; Takane shin energy vision. Shizen energy wo ikashita yutakana seikatsu kankyo no sozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established that discusses how the way the new energy introduction consistent with district characteristics should be, and has at the same time the leadership and specificity. Takane Town in Yamanashi Prefecture is a town located in the south skirt of Mt. Yatsugatake, having a population of about 9400 and households of about 3200. The town consumes energies converted into petroleum of about 19,000 kL/year. The activity achievements were put into order by the following five items: 1) what is the new energy vision?, 2) district characteristics, 3) the basic plan, 4) plans placed with emphasis, and 5) promotion of the vision. Item 4 includes introduction of new energies into the welfare, education and cultural facilities, utilization of bio-mass energy using livestock resources, introduction of new energies into the Hananomori Park at South Yatsugatake, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles, and small hydropower generation utilizing clean streams in the Kiyosato area, introduction of new energies into the Kiyosato Station square, introduction of next generation agriculture utilizing new energies, and communications with nature and ecology of Takane Town. (NEDO)

  8. - From point, line to plane - . New energy vision at Osafune Town area; 2001 nendo Osafune cho chiiki shin energy vision (Ten sen soshite men he)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Osafune Town in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy consumption structure, status of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumed in Osafune Town is 1,443,467 GJ/year. By departments, the industrial department accounts for 41%, the transportation department for 40%, the civil household department for 13% and the civil business department for 6%. Energy types are accounted for by petroleum at 81%, and electric power at 19%. The important new energy introduction projects discussed as the first step include 'Cooperative projects by residents and the administration', and 'Wide area introduction of new energies' into public facilities, as the second step, 'New energy networking' targeted at mutual coordination, 'Information network' for new energies and energy saving, and as the third step, 'Acceleration of proliferation at general levels' beginning with housing, and 'Creation of green energy experiencing park' at the Osafune Beautiful Forest. (NEDO)

  9. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Takarabe Town. Report; 2001 nendo Takarabe cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Takarabe Town, Kagoshima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy consumption profile of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The town's energy consumption is estimated at 879.350-million MJ/year, with the transportation sector responsible for 46.6%, the industrial sector for 23.0%, the residential sector for 18.7%, and the people's livelihood-related business sector for 11.7%. Oil-based fuels occupy 70.4%, electric power 18.9%, and LP gas 8.4%. New energy introduction projects were studied, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the town office; photovoltaic power and hybrid power-lighted light for an oasis-on-the-road project and school facilities; introduction of cogeneration, wind power, and photovoltaic power into a hot spa health center and a water-friendly park; small-scale hydropower in the Okawara valley; wind power generation on Mount Shiraga and Jingaoka; introduction of clean energy vehicles for official use; and compost manufacturing and power generation using livestock waste. (NEDO)

  10. Hope-filled, energy-conscious town of Itakura. Regional new energy vision for Itakura Town; 2001 nendo Itakura machi shin energy vision. Yume ippai enetown Itakura

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Itakura Town, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy demand of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. In fiscal 2000 the town consumed 549,973 GJ/year in energy, with the industrial sector consuming 202,014 GJ, the residential/commercial sector 194,233 GJ, and the transportation sector 153,725 GJ. The energy types were gasoline, kerosene, electricity, gas oil, heavy oil, and LPG, as named in the descending order in terms of consumed amount. It is estimated that the energy consumption resulted in the emission of carbon dioxide of 11,839 t-C/year. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which involved wind power generation for the Itakura sewage purification center; snow-aided cooling systems for a Yasuragi rest house and the special nursing home for elderly people; snow-aided refrigeration for a unhusked rice silo; photovoltaic power generation and cogeneration for the town office; photovoltaic/wind power-driven hybrid street lamps; use of biomass solid fuel for heating public facilities; use of clean-energy vehicles as official vehicles; and the like. (NEDO)

  11. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Kanai Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Kanai machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kanai Town, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy demand of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town demands 541,062 GJ/year in energy, with the residential/commercial sector requiring approximately 46%, the industrial sector approximately 30%, and the transportation sector approximately 25%. The energy types are kerosene, heavy oils, gas oil, electric power, gasoline, and LPG, mentioned in the descending order in terms of magnitude of requirement. The resultant amount of carbon dioxide is estimated at 11,449 t-C. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included photovoltaic power generation for primary and junior high schools, the town office, and the Dorin stock farm; a solar heat utilization system for the school meal center; wind power generation for Hometown Kimpoku, primary schools, and the Dorin stock farm; mini-scale hydroelectric power generation on the Shimpo river; use of forestry biomass (pellet stoves) at nursery schools; introduction of clean-energy automobiles for public use; and the introduction of cogeneration into Sado Hospital. (NEDO)

  12. Report on results of the survey for drawing new energy visions for the Town of Shiranuka district; Shiranukamachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Shiranuka. Utilization of solar energy is at the top of the prospective new energy reserves for the town, followed by utilization of heat of wastes, biomass energy (in the stock raising industry), and photovoltaic power generation. The expected recoverable new energies account for approximately 35% of the total annual energy consumption of the town. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are drawing the priority projects which place importance on environmental education and bringing up talented persons, development of the soft policies for supporting the citizens and related entrepreneurs, and introduction of new energies for promoting new industries. The priority projects include hard ones, e.g., foundation of Eco-school Shiranuka, Eco-park Kushiro/Shiranuka (biomass energy supply center) and Koima new energy park, and soft ones, e.g., establishment of the new energy grand prize awarded by PR brochure ''Shiranuka'', foundation of the Shiranuka fund for introduction of new energies, construction of a Shiranuka Citizens' power station, and rent-a-car project for eco-car test runs. (NEDO)

  13. Report for fiscal 1998 on a new energy vision establishment in Yonaguni Township; 1998 nendo Yonagunimachi shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given and establishment was made on the new energy vision at Yonaguni Township in Okinawa Prefecture. The overall image of the new energy introduction vision at Yonaguni Township may be depicted by the wind power generation project to be implemented by the Development Public Corporation, by which megawatt-class wind power generation facilities will be built for effective utilization of the power by the whole island. Surplus electric power generated in a great amount in a certain season will be utilized for high value addition by electrifying agricultural works, expansion in production, (water pumping-up for irrigation, prawn cultivation, and sugar making factories), and melting and volume reducing of refuses. In addition, new type batteries for power storage with large capacity will be introduced to achieve stable power supply and introduce electric vehicles for official use and tourism business. Solar cells and small wind mills subject to stand-alone utilization will be arranged along sightseeing roads in the island, on tourism facilities and sightseeing infrastructural facilities. Careful considerations will be given on introduction and arrangement of the new energies for harmony with scenery of the island. Transmission wires related to the new energy utilization will be laid underground. (NEDO)

  14. Report on new energy vision establishment project in Higashi Naruse Village area; Higashinarusemura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Higashi Naruse Village in Akita Prefecture. The population of the village is continuing the decreasing trend since 1950 to 3,390 persons as of 2000. The annual energy demand in this village is about 320,000 GJ, accounted for by the consumer department at about 40%, the transportation department at about 36% and the industrial department at about 24%. The carbon dioxide emission amount therefrom is estimated 6,300 t-C annually. The expected usable quantity of new energies in the village would be available, in the decreasing order, in the wind power as the most promising source, forestry bio-mass, snow cold heat energy, agricultural bio-mass, and solar beam (heat). The total quantity would be 514,330 GJ annually in heat utilization, and 85,305 MWh in electric power. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic and wind power generation into Kurikoma Mountain Villa, introduction of wind power generation into the Junes skiing area and Oyanagi Natural Park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation and heat utilization into primary and middle schools, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the village office, and introduction of photovoltaic power generation into general houses. (NEDO)

  15. New carbon materials. Recent advances in the synthesis of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes; Shin tanso zairyo. Furaren, kabon nanochubu no gosei no saikin no shinpo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yumura, M [National Inst. of Materials and Chemical Research, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-01-01

    Arc synthesis method, which is now the center for the synthesis of new carbon compounds such as carbon nanocapsules and carbon nanotubes, is introduced together with its current status. Many new carbon compounds are synthesized by DC arc discharge heating method (arc discharge method) in which a graphite bar is used as the electrode. C70 and higher order fullerenes having larger carbon numbers are found one after another in the soot produced by the arc discharge method, and the structures of C76, C78, C84, C90, C94, and others have been clarified. It is considered in the arc discharge method that the processes of a large amount of carbon evaporation by high temperature and the succeeding quenching cause to produce various kinds of new carbon compounds. In connection with other synthesis methods, synthesis of fullerenes by incomplete combustion, synthesis of nanotubes by the vapor phase thermal decomposition method, and the synthesis of nanotubes using casting molds are discussed. 24 refs., 6 figs.

  16. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Kito village; 2000 nendo Kitoson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kito village, Tokushima Prefecture, in the hope that it will trigger off an effort to build a mentally affluent community. Kito village is a 2,000-strong village situated in a mountainous region, and consumed 1.3 times 10{sup 5} GJ in energy in fiscal 1999. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in four chapters which are (1) the outline of survey, (2) local characteristics, (3) existing amount of new energy, and (4) plans for promoting new energy introduction and energy conservation. Discussed as plans for promoting new energy introduction and energy conservation are a business of commercialization feasibility survey, plot to construct a natural energy operated school building, and a plan for promoting energy conservation. Discussed in relation to commercialization feasibility survey are a small scale hydroelectric power generation utilizing a sand-trap dam, small scale hydroelectric power generation utilizing waste water from a fish farm, regional heat supply business utilizing ligneous biomass, manufacture of ligneous pellet fuel, and so forth. In relation to the promotion of energy conservation, a drive will be launched to positively bring photovoltaic power generation into daily life. (NEDO)

  17. Report on results of the survey for drawing new energy visions for the Town of Hamanaka district; Hamanakacho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Hamanaka, Hokkaido. The town had a population of 7,866 in 1995, which compares with 11,915 in 1960, aging as a whole with reduced number of new born babies. The town has been holding the Japan's top town in tangleweed production and core site in the Kushi-Ne dairy belt. Biomass energy (excreta and woody resources) is at the top of the prospective new energy reserves for the town, which total 88,741Gcal/y, followed by utilization of solar energy and heat exhausted from garbage incineration. The priority projects selected for introduction of new energies include a biogas plant which produces organic compost and biogas energy by anaerobic fermentation of excreta discharged from domestic animals, raw garbage and fishery wastes; system for utilizing waste heat from a stoker type incinerator burning domestic garbage, which satisfies the dioxin emission standard; and system for utilizing low-temperature heat including energy of snow and ice, which uses only a limited extent of the conventional energy and free of chlorofluorocarbon gases. (NEDO)

  18. Report on investigation of new energy vision planning at Tomi Village; 2001 nendo Tomi son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Tomi Village in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The amount of energy demand in Tomi Village is 64,261 GJ/year in fiscal 1999. By departments, the transportation department accounts for 45.2%, the consumer department for 28.3% and the industrial department for 26.5%. Energy types are accounted for by petroleum at 87.5%, and electric power at 12.5%. The new energy introduction projects have discussed introduction of photovoltaic power generation system and solar heat hot water making system into nursery schools, primary and middle schools, the public hall, the Tomi Communication Center, the village office, and clinics, small size wind power generation system into primary and middle schools, ligneous bio-mass combustion system and middle size wind power generation system into the camping site, low-drop electric power generation system into Shiraga Valley, street lights powered by photovoltaic and small power wind generation systems, and clean energy fueled automobiles for public use. (NEDO)

  19. New energy vision of the Sen'nan city area. Outline; 2001 nendo Sen'nan shi chiiki shin energy vision (Gaiyo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Sen'nan City, Osaka Prefecture, a new energy vision was worked out, and a version of the outline was made. The policy on new energy introduction was described as follows: to make a great use of solar energy; to promote the spread of low-emission car and other new energy; to construct a system for spread that is connected to cooperation with citizen and education/enlightenment. Concretely, the following were cited: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the city office/elementary school/junior high school; study of preferential treatment for introduction of solar energy; introduction of low-emission car to official vehicle; study of preferential treatment for introduction of low-emission car; promotion of car sharing by low-emission car; introduction of natural gas cogeneration and fuel cell to the city office; installation of street light using small wind power generation; potential study of small- and medium-size power generation; support for class for new energy experience at elementary/junior high school; potential study of utilization of biomass energy such as bamboo charcoal; study of preferential treatment for new energy to be given to citizen and enterprises in the city; construction/support of energy utilization system using waste, etc. (NEDO)

  20. System and Software Design for the Man Machine Interface System for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Woong Seock; Kim, Chang Ho; Lee, Yoon Hee; Sohn, Se Do; Baek, Seung Min [KEPCO E and C, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The design of the safety MMIS(Man Machine Interface System) system has been performed using POSAFE-Q Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). The design of the non-safety MMIS has been performed using OPERASYSTEM Distributed Control System (DCS). This paper describes the design experiences from the design work of the MMIS using these new platforms. The SHN 1 and 2 MMIS has been developed using POSAFE-Q platform for safety and OPERASYSTEM for non-safety system. Through the utilization of the standardized platform, the safety system was developed using the above hardware and software blocks resulting in efficient safety system development. An integrated CASE tool has been setup for reliable software development. The integrated development environment has been setup formally resulting in consistent work. Even we have setup integrated development environment, the independent verification and validation including testing environment needs to be setup for more advanced environment which will be used for future plant.

  1. New energy vision at Sabae City. Toward realization of 'environmental international city'; 2001 nendo Sabae shi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo kokusai toshi Sabae no jitsugen ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Sabae City in Fukui Prefecture, a new energy vision was put into order based on the result of the initial stage investigation having been performed in the previous fiscal year. Solar light and solar heat energies will be introduced positively into public facilities, and at the same time works will be implemented to accelerate the proliferation thereof into general households. The target of introduction by the year 2010y is set to 2,600 kW by photovoltaic power generation, and the introduction thereof is planned to schools, nursery schools, municipality operated houses, and unattended facilities. With regard to solar heat water warmer, the present proliferation rate of about 7.3% will be raised to 15%. Regarding wastes generated from industrial areas, efficient energy extraction by thermal recycling is intended on the assumption of suppression of wastes generation, their re-use, and recycling. Systems may include the bio-gas system, cogeneration, and recovery of energies from plastics wastes. For acceleration of proliferation of new energies in general, promotion of introduction will be achieved on mini-wind power generation, small hydroelectric power generation, and fuel cell automobiles. (NEDO)

  2. Resistivity tomography using borehole of 500m in depth at the seaside site; 500m shin boring wo mochiita kaigan fukin deno hiteiko tomography tansa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, K [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan); Kono, T [Radioactive Waste Management Center, Tokyo (Japan); Chiba, A [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    With an objective to verify exploration methods to identify geological structures to a depth of about 500 m and continuity of fissure zones, a case study was carried out on a resistivity tomography method using ground surface exploration by means of the resistivity method and boreholes of 500 m in depth. The investigated area is consisted of abyssal rocks of the Cretaceous period, where granodiorites of coarse grain and intrusive rocks of small scale are distributed. Fissures on the ground surface have gentle inclination, and are of opening type showing high water permeability. The data analysis has derived apparent resistivities in the Wenner electrode arrangement, the Eltran electrode arrangement and the pole-pole electrode arrangement. The resistivity tomography has derived apparent resistivity in the pole-dipole electrode arrangement which is relatively high in accuracy and strong against noise. As a result of inputting these resistivities and performing an analysis on a two-dimensional resistivity structure, a structure of 100-m scale was made clear, in which difference of the resistivity values is distinct. The result of the resistivity tomography may be thought to have identified the resistivity anomaly of a small scale, although the absolute values show some variation. 4 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. FY 2001 report on the results of New Energy Adventure 2001 (advisory project); Shin ene adobencha 2001 (adobaizari jigyo) kekka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of deepening the understanding of new energy by general citizens, 'Clean Energy Festa' was held in Asahikawa city, Hokkaido, Takamatsu city, Kagawa prefecture, and Kamimashiki county, Kumamoto prefecture. The campaign at station was conducted at Yamagata station, Hiroshima station, Ogura station, Takamatsu station, Kobe station and Sapporo station, and the following were also carried out in various places of Japan: new energy lessons, visits to new energy facilities, and delivery of lectures on new energy. The program of Clean Energy Festa included the Dejimon (popular character doll) show, new energy quiz show, exhibition of new energy information and quiz about new energy, solar car workshop for parent/child, exhibition booths prepared by companies, corner for test ride on clean energy car, etc. As to visits to new energy facilities, visits were paid to snow/ice energy facilities, waste fuel production facilities, wind power generation facilities, photovoltaic power generation facilities, etc. Concerning the delivery of lectures on new energy, lectures were given on new energy and global environment, global warming, etc. (NEDO)

  4. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Yobuko Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Yobuko cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such at Yobuko Town, Saga Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction programs, and a vision was formulated. The demand for energy of the town is estimated at 105,040 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 37% in electric power, 34% in fuel oil A, 13% in gas oil, and 8.1% in gasoline. As for the presence of new energy resources, it is deemed that wind and solar energies will be richly available. Studies were conducted for new energy introduction programs, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a nursing home for aged people, primary and junior high schools, and a water reservoir; street lamps lighted by a hybrid power system and a solar cell clock for the plaza in front of the harbor; introduction of wind power into the little islands of Ogawa and Kabe; installation of a solar energy collector for the nursing home for aged people; and the use of clean energy vehicles for official business. It is estimated that the efforts will bring about a 1,256.6 t-C reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. (NEDO)

  5. Report on an industrial machinery engineering policy study meeting. Studies on new energy industries; Sangyo kikai engineering seisaku kenkyukai (shin energy sangyo no kenkyu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-07-01

    Effects extended to industrial areas by new energy development were analyzed by using the industrial relation table. Technological development of new energies can mass-produce energy without being restricted by energy resource availability, and retaining manufacturing facilities can exhibit energy reserve function with security. The technologies may be suitable for local energy supply. In the aspects of industrial policies and people's living, demands on diversification and improvement of the people's living may be responded, levels of scientific technologies may be enhanced, and contribution to improving the industrial structure may be expected. The energy industry includes a large number of related industries and has vast related areas. A large number of technology induced effects can be expected in the course of research and development. A market of huge size may be estimated in the future, by which level elevation of the industrial structure would be supported. Early promotion of the new energy development is an urgent assignment for the 1980's. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to promote research and development, proliferation and practical application, for which the physical strength of the present Japan must be utilized to its maximum in making human and fund investments. Expansion and improvement in the industrialization infrastructures are also important, whereas the government's subsidies must be increased, and vitality in the private sector must be incorporated into organized force. (NEDO)

  6. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Ukiha Town. Fiscal 2001 report (Summary); 2001 nendo Ukiha machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho (Gaiyo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For contributing to the preservation of the global environment through new energy application and energy conservation, efforts were made to work out a new energy vision for Ukiha Town, Fukuoka Prefecture. Town's population was 17,482 in fiscal 2000, which showed a tendency to decline slowly. The town demands 158,886 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 56.2% in electric power, 19.5% in gasoline, and 10.5% in gas oil. As for the presence of new energy resources, wind power comes in first in terms of magnitude, and woody biomass energy is also found in abundance since lumbering prospers in the town. Named as candidate projects in the efforts to introduce new energies were the embodiment of practical size wind power systems in the hilly part; heat utilization and power generation using biomass such as scrap wood from lumber mills; introduction of photovoltaic power into public facilities; use of clean energy vehicles by the town office; photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization at welfare facilities and public gymnastic halls; street lamps lighted by hybrid power systems in the shopping area and at the Michinoeki roadside service spot; use of new energies in agriculture; financial aids to encourage photovoltaic power into general residences; etc. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2001 new energy vision of Shiramine Village. Creation of new energy; 2001 nendo Shiramine mura chiiki shin energy vision. Onkotakushin energy no sozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shiramine Village, Ishikawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the village, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was 155,970 GJ/y. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 43.9% in the industrial sector, 30.0% in the commercial/residential sector and 26.1% in the transportation sector. The rate of energy source was 79.0% of petroleum, 18.7% of electric power and 2.2% of gas. In the project for new energy introduction, the following were cited and studied: as the project for forest/snow resource utilization in the Nishiyama area, production/storage of charcoal using thinnings/wood chips, and food preservation using snow; as the project for experiencing/learning the nature using existing facilities, introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat use water warmer to Shiramine Elementary School/Shiramine Junior High School; as the project for functionally reinforcing tourist attractions, 'park for learning new energy' by lighting using solar light/wind power, etc. (NEDO)

  8. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Yamagata city area; 2001 nendo Yamagata machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yamagata City, Ibaraki Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption of the city in FY 1999 was 178.8 billion kcal in amount and was broken down into 76.5% of petroleum, 18.8% of electric power and 0.85% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption consisted of 37.9% in the transportation sector, 35.2% in the industrial sector and 26.8% in the commercial/residential sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: biomass cogeneration/greenhouse using waste heat from hot spring/photovoltaic power generation/wind power - photovoltaic power hybrid street light/biomass vehicle in the Santanoyu/Eco-Zone formation project; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization to gymnasium of junior high school/multi-purpose cultural center/municipal dwelling house/elementary school/junior high school/central public hall in the new energy project for public facilities; introduction of clean energy vehicle, etc. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Shiga village area; 2001 nendo Shiga mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Shiga Village, Nagano Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand in the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount in FY 2000 in Shiga Village was approximately 50.2 billion kcal and was broken down into 54.7% of petroleum, 38.3% of electric power, 6.3% of LPG and 0.75% of others. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: installation of photovoltaic power generation panels to the new office under construction, introduction of photovoltaic power/wind power hybrid power generation to Klein Garten Club House, installation of the solar system to hot spring facilities in the village, project on low-temperature wood drying by smoking using sawdust/wood chips, methanol production using thinnings as raw materials and the use for automobile fuel/cogeneration, methane fermentation from animal feces/house garbage and the use for cogeneration, etc. (NEDO)

  10. FY 2001 report on the project on working out the new energy vision of Takasu Village; 2001 nendo Takasu mura shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Takasu Village, Gifu Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the village was 632,805.8 GJ/y. The rate of energy source was 23.2% of electric power, 22.2% of heavy oil, 21.2% of light oil, 20.8% of kerosene, 11.1% of gasoline and 1.6% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption amount consisted of 42.1% in the transportation sector, 25.3% in the business sector, 20.2 in the industrial sector and 12.4% in the residential sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to village center; introduction of photovoltaic /micro wind hybrid power generation to street light/burglar light/disaster-prevention use emergency power source at tourist resort 'Hirugano Heights'; introduction of biogas power generation by methane fermentation using animal feces, garbage, etc. as raw materials; utilization of ice/snow energy for storage of bulbs of flower/ornamental plant and as supply of cold wind to milk cow. (NEDO)

  11. New energy vision for Oita Prefecture. Toward the adoption of eco-energy; 2001 nendo Oita ken shin energy vision. Eco energy no donyu ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For contributing to the preservation of the global environment, studies were made to work out a new energy introduction vision fully exploiting the characteristic features of Oita Prefecture. Oita Prefecture's demand for energy in 1998 is estimated to be 408.6 times 10{sup 15} J, with coal-based energy covering 204,016 TJ, oil-based energy 160,192 TJ, electric power 37,721 TJ, and so forth. The consumption will result in the emission of 35.77 million tons of carbon dioxide. According to Oita Prefecture's prospect of its eco-energy adoption in 2010, there will be 319 MW from hydroelectric power, 155 MW from geothermal power, 52 MW from photovoltaic power, 46 MW from clean energy vehicles, 33 MW from refuse-fueled power, and so forth. To prepare plans for facilities to utilize eco-energy and for regional development in the future through the use of such facilities, introduction costs were predicted and effects were simulated for model businesses engaged in biomass power generation using livestock wastes, small-scale hydroelectric power generation, bio-diesel fuel production, wind power generation, and woody biomass power generation. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Oki town; 2000 nendo Okicho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Efforts are in progress to build a resource circulation type town symbiotic with natural environments at Oki town, Fukuoka Prefecture, which is an agricultural community where creeks run in every direction. A new energy vision has been worked out for the town, which centers about a plan for building a resource circulation type community. The survey results are summarized in six chapters dealing with (1) the survey outline, (2) local conditions relative to energy, (3) energy supply/demand structure, (4) amount of new energy in existence, (5) records and analysis of inhabitants' approach to energy conservation, and (6) a new energy introduction plan. The new energy introduction plan consists of four items involving a short term plan or a key project, a project for medium/long term surveys or feasibility study for the commercialization of new energy, plans for reducing energy consumption, and so forth. Discussed in relation to the short term plan are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into public facilities, installation of a photovoltaic power station to be jointly utilized by the inhabitants, establishment of a grant system for the installation of solar water heaters for domestic use, creation of an additional subsidy system for domestic photovoltaic power generation, and the like. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Yunomae town, Kumamoto prefecture; 2000 nendo Yunomaecho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yunomae town, Kumamoto Prefecture, from the standpoint that local autonomies are required to work out measures compatible with Government energy policies and thereby to wrestle with environmental measures being undertaken across the world. The results of activities conducted for this purposed are stated in six chapters, which cover (1) the meaning of regional new energy vision formulation and its position, (2) outline of Yunomae town, (3) energy and environments, (4) energy situation in Yunomae town, (5) Yunomae town's regional new energy vision, and (6) plans for promoting the embodiment of the vision. In chapter (5), basic policies toward new energy utilization, overall plan, leading projects, and energy conservation measures are stated. The types of new energy taken up for discussion are photovoltaic power, wind power, biomass power, refuse-derived energy, and hydraulic energy. Projects are subjected to study, which relate to photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, small scale hydroelectric power, small scale wind power, and the introduction of clean energy vehicles. It is expected that these projects when carried out will cover approximately 10% of the current energy consumption of the town. (NEDO)

  14. Survey of regional new energy vision formulation for Shimizu town. Report on initial stage survey; Shimizucho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa. Shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Shimizu town, Hokkaido, is a 11,000-strong town, located in the northwestern part of the Tokachi plains and consuming 1.7 times 10{sup 4} Gcal in energy. Discussion is held for new energy which will make the most of the local characteristics of the town while the basics of town building are considered and confirmed. The results of the survey are summarized in four chapters which are (1) the purpose of regional energy vision formulation, (2) local characteristics, (3) state of new energy in existence, (4) and the course to follow for the introduction of new energy (draft). Chapter (4) is constituted of the purpose of new energy introduction and the basic policy, and the course along which new energy will be adopted. Proposed in relation with the course of new energy introduction are the effective utilization of biomass resources, utilization of cold heat energy (ice) involving agriculture, introduction of a symbolic small scale water energy system, introduction of a symbolic wind energy system, extensive introduction of solar energy, and the deployment of popularizing and enlightening activities. A project is mentioned of experimentally introducing biogas facilities that makes use of farm animals' excretion. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 2000 basic survey report for vision formulation. Regional new energy vision for Sabae city, Fukui prefecture; Sabaeshi chiiki shin energy vision. 2000 nendo sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Sabae city, Fukui Prefecture, has worked out a regional new energy vision for which the inhabitants, industrialists, and administrators combined their efforts to build a daily life related culture, friendly to environments and peculiar to the locality. The fruits of their activities are summarized in five chapters, which are (1) the basic philosophy, (2) survey of the amounts of new energy in existence, (3) survey of the amount of energy demanded, (4) various surveys conducted with the participation of the citizenry, (5) and summarization of important topics. Discussed in chapter (2) is the basic policy toward reckoning the amounts of new energy in existence, such as photovoltaic energy, solar heat energy, wind energy, hydraulic energy, temperature difference energy, and other energy resources remaining to be utilized. It states that they, when converted into electric power, 2.0 times 10{sup 8} kWh/year will be available and, when converted into heat energy, 2.92 times 10{sup 11} kcal/year will be available, accounting for approximately 30% of the city's energy consumption. When the energy resources are broken down by type, it is found that solar energy, wind energy, and refuse-derived energy are in existence aplenty. (NEDO)

  16. Basic research report for drawing up regional new energy vision (provisional name) for Gunma Prefecture; Gunmaken chiiki shin energy vision (kasho) sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In view of relatively good solar radiation that the prefecture enjoys and of a result of the investigations of this time conducted into the amount of new energy in existence, it is concluded that a fairly large amount of solar energy is collectable as the regional new energy for Gunma Prefecture. As for wind power energy, since there is no proper location in the prefecture where the annual wind speed average of not less than 5m/s is available, the value generally accepted as necessary for wind power generation, it is inferred that conditions in the prefecture in general are disadvantageous when it comes to wind power generation. As for hydraulic energy of small and medium dimensions, a result of the investigations shows that in the prefecture this energy is next to solar energy in terms of the amount expected to be collectable. In this prefecture, the prefectural project bureau makes use of the rich water resources and generates electric power, and supplied approximately 850-million kWh in fiscal 1998. Since it is feared that it will be difficult to find new sites for power generation in the area now remaining to be developed, however, prudence should be exercised in estimating the expected collectable amount of hydraulic energy. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Yoron town; 2000 nendo Yoroncho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yoron town, Kagoshima Prefecture, which will serve as guidelines for building an Environmentally Friendly Island. Yoron town is a town of approximately 6,000 inhabitants as of fiscal 2000, its energy consumption is equivalent to 61,427 drums in terms of crude oil, and it receives electric power from Yoron Power Plant of Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in seven chapters, which are (1) coping with new energy vision formulation (2), energy supply and demand, (3) estimation of existing amount of new energy, (4) basic policy toward new energy introduction, (5) projects for introducing new energy, (6) existing energy systems, and (7) reference materials. Named as projects are the construction of a water supply power source (for storage pump) for the Furusato district; power source for farmland irrigation pumps; power sources for the integrated sports park and municipal library; power source for a farmyard compost center; wind power, photovoltaic power, and combined power generation facilities for streetlights; and the utilization of bagasse. (NEDO)

  18. Report for fiscal 2000 on establishment of new energy vision in Fujino Town; 2000 nendo Fujino chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to show specifically the efforts of working on new energies in Fujino Town in Kanagawa Prefecture, the existence quantity of new energies centering on the sun and woods was made clear to discuss the possibilities of utilizing them. Furthermore, investigations were performed on the energy demand and supply structure and possibilities of introducing new energies, and the specific new energy introduction plan was established. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) the basic conception of the new energy vision, 2) various conditions of Fujino Town related to new energies, 3) energy demand and supply structure, 4) utilizable quantity of new energies, 5) toward the introduction of new energies, and 6) specific new energy facilities to discuss the introduction. Item 6 includes facilities to be built by defining model areas, facilities to discuss the full-swing introduction into facilities managed by the township, facilities to be discussed of full-swing introduction and to be composed in relation with the overall plan including large size hot water supply devices used at the spa, firewood boilers, a heat recovery system, and a large-scale photovoltaic power generation system. (NEDO)

  19. Report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Kahoku town, Kumamoto Prefecture; Kahokucho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kahoku town, Kumamoto Prefecture, for the realization of an energy resource circulation type regional community in which people earnestly strive to be symbiotic with nature. The results of related activities are shown in six chapters, which are (1) the prerequisites to the plan, (2) outline of the Kahoku town region, (3) surveys of the existing amount and expectedly available amount of new energy, (4) feasibility of new energy introduction, (5) assessment of new energy introduction plans and their effect, and (6) tasks to discharge, and policies to follow, for new energy introduction. In chapter (5), new energy introduction plans and introduction policies are shown. Plans are made for the incorporation of photovoltaic power facilities, small hydroelectric power facilities, and bamboo chip boilers into public facilities; the installation of 750 kW class wind power facilities; and the adoption of hybrid vehicles to serve as official special vehicles. It is expected that these plans when implemented will bring about a 1,400 t-c/year reduction in CO2 emissions. As for the introduction of wind power generation, the dimensions are determined by taking into consideration the prerequisites to a NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) grant. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Genkai town area; 2001 nendo Genkai machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Genkai Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the estimated amount of energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the town in FY 1999 was estimated at 834 TJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 299.31 TJ in the industrial sector, 282.08 TJ in the transportation sector and 252.78 TJ in the commercial/residential sector. By energy source, the rate of light oil was the highest, followed in order by gasoline, electric power, kerosene, LPG, etc. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: preparation of disaster-prevention type photovoltaic power generation at shelter, etc.; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to kindergarten, elementary school, etc.; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to street light, tourist information center, etc.; introduction of wind power generation to public facilities; use of the waste cooking oil made into diesel fuel for official vehicle; introduction of cogeneration to the health welfare hall; solar light/heat utilization system for residential/industrial use; wind power generation business for business establishment. (NEDO)

  1. Report on new energy vision planning operation at Yachiyo Town; 2001 nendo Yachiyo cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei gyomu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Yachiyo Town in Hyogo Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy consumption of the town, quantity of new energies in existence, and the new energy introduction projects, thus a new energy vision was established. Yachiyo Town consumes energy annually at 99,966 Gcal. By departments, the transportation department accounts for 46%, the industrial department for 24%, the civil household department for 16%, and the civil business department for 14%. By energy types, petroleum accounts for 69%, and electric power for 31%. The new energy introduction projects that have been discussed include introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office, public halls, primary and middle schools, and photovoltaic and micro-wind power generation for street lights, photovoltaic and wind power generation in the Garten Yachiyo, a city and farm town culture exchange facility, micro-hydroelectric power generation in Noma River, bio-mass energy utilizing forest resources and fabric wastes, clean energy fueled automobiles as public use cars, school buses and welfare buses, and small wind power and large photovoltaic power generation at Mt. Noma. (NEDO)

  2. Report of survey for formulating regional new energy vision for Okuma Town; 2001 nendo Okuma machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Okuma Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town demands 29,769 times 10{sup 7} kcal/year in energy comprising 44.5% for the industrial sector, 31.4% for the transportation sector, and 24.1% for the residential/commercial sector. As for energy source types, 25.7% is covered by electric power, 20.0% by gasoline, 16.2% by gas oil, and 15.3% by heavy oil, with the oil based sources responsible for 71.2%. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power generation for a newly built children's hall, residential complexes, town managed housing, street lights and road signs, and for some other public facilities; introduction of cogeneration into enterprises present in the eastern industrial park and into hotels; and the introduction of natural gas fueled cogeneration. Studies were also made about public information, public relations, and support systems for implementation in Okuma Town. (NEDO)

  3. Summary of FY 1980 results of Sunshine Project. Development of coal liquefaction techniques; 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Sunshine keikaku itaku kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the results of the 3 R and D themes for coal liquefaction techniques, pursued by the Sunshine Project; (1) development of solvent extraction type liquefaction plant, and brown coal liquefaction technique R and D demonstration surveys, (2) development of solvolysis type liquefaction plant, and (3) development of direct hydrogenation type liquefaction plant. For the theme (1), the 1 T/D test plant, solid/liquid separator and small-size continuous settlement separator are constructed, and partly completed. The elementary studies include solvent extraction type liquefaction process, materials for coal liquefaction plant and solid/liquid separation. Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal are studied to clarify the possible problems involved in liquefaction of these coal species for commercialization of the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. The elementary techniques studied include dehydration of brown coal, milling at high temperature in oil, de-ashing, and secondary and primary hydrogenation. For the theme (2), the 1 T/D plant is inspected and maintained to clarify the problems involved in the continuous operation, revamped and repaired as necessary, given preventive maintenance, and tested for operability confirmation. The elementary studies include solvolysis type liquefaction process, scale-up, hydrogenation plant for solvolysis pitch. For the item (3), the 2.4 T/D test plant is constructed, and the elementary studies are conducted, for, e.g., liquefaction reactions in the presence of an iron-based catalyst. (NEDO)

  4. Research and development of photovoltaic power system. Research on low temperature deposition of polycrystalline thin films; Taiyoko hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu. Teion seimaku gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, K [Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Technology

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the result obtained during fiscal 1994 on research on a technology of low temperature deposition of polycrystalline thin films for solar cells. This research used ITO coated glass substrates, on which CdS was accumulated to a thickness of about 100 nm by using the CBD process, and over this deposition a CuInSe2 film was formed at 300{degree}C by using the ion cluster beam (ICB) process. The manufactured solar cells with a glass/ITO/CdS/CuInSe2/Au structure had an efficiency of 2%. In manufacturing a CuGaSe2 thin film by using the ICB process, effects of acceleration voltage relative to cluster beams and ionization current were investigated. It was found that the film morphology, the result of analysis by using X-ray diffraction, and the electric conductivity are sensitive to the ionization current. From these findings, an optimum film forming condition was derived. A CuGaSe2 thin film was manufactured by using the ICB process over a Cds thin film deposited by using the CDB process. Both of the surface morphology and X-ray diffraction patterns of the film did not show a large change, indicating a possibility of manufacturing cells with a reverse structure. Effects of heat treatment on CuInSe2 monocrystals were evaluated by using ESR and FTIR. 6 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Development of large scale wind energy conservation system. Development of large scale wind energy conversion system; Ogata furyoku hatsuden system no kaihatsu. Ogata furyoku hatsuden system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for development of large scale wind energy conversion system. The study on technological development of key components evaluates performance of, and confirms reliability and applicability of, hydraulic systems centered by those equipped with variable pitch mechanisms and electrohydraulic servo valves that control them. The study on blade conducts fatigue and crack-propagation tests, which show that the blades developed have high strength. The study on speed-increasing gear conducts load tests, confirming the effects of reducing vibration and noise by modification of the gear teeth. The study on NACELLE cover conducts vibration tests to confirm its vibration characteristics, and analyzes three-dimensional vibration by the finite element method. Some components for a 500kW commercial wind mill are fabricated, including rotor heads, variable pitch mechanisms, speed-increasing gears, YAW systems, and hydraulic control systems. The others fabricated include a remote supervisory control system for maintenance, system to integrate the wind mill into a power system, and electrical control devices in which site conditions, such as atmospheric temperature and lightening, are taken into consideration.

  6. Summary of FY 1980 results of Sunshine Project. Development of coal liquefaction techniques; 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Sunshine keikaku itaku kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report summarizes the results of the 3 R and D themes for coal liquefaction techniques, pursued by the Sunshine Project; (1) development of solvent extraction type liquefaction plant, and brown coal liquefaction technique R and D demonstration surveys, (2) development of solvolysis type liquefaction plant, and (3) development of direct hydrogenation type liquefaction plant. For the theme (1), the 1 T/D test plant, solid/liquid separator and small-size continuous settlement separator are constructed, and partly completed. The elementary studies include solvent extraction type liquefaction process, materials for coal liquefaction plant and solid/liquid separation. Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal are studied to clarify the possible problems involved in liquefaction of these coal species for commercialization of the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. The elementary techniques studied include dehydration of brown coal, milling at high temperature in oil, de-ashing, and secondary and primary hydrogenation. For the theme (2), the 1 T/D plant is inspected and maintained to clarify the problems involved in the continuous operation, revamped and repaired as necessary, given preventive maintenance, and tested for operability confirmation. The elementary studies include solvolysis type liquefaction process, scale-up, hydrogenation plant for solvolysis pitch. For the item (3), the 2.4 T/D test plant is constructed, and the elementary studies are conducted, for, e.g., liquefaction reactions in the presence of an iron-based catalyst. (NEDO)

  7. Development of small-size transmission tower erection method; Kogata tetto kumitate koho no kaihatsu kenkyu (gaibushiki crane ni yoru kogata tetto kumitate koho no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuishi, S.; Asano, J.; Koji, Y. [Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan); Tsujimura, I.; Teramoto, A. [The Kanden Kogyo Incorporated, Osaka (Japan); Sasaki, T.; Mito, K. [AG Ajikawa Corp., Osaka (Japan); Tsuji, M.; Fukumoto, T.; Yamaguchi, N.

    1997-09-30

    To reduce the construction period and cost and to enhance the safety during 77 kV-class transmission tower election, a new method of small steel transmission tower erection using an external type crane has been developed. For the selection of cranes, a commercially available self-climbing crane was employed which has an operating radius of 11 m, a lifting load capacity of 1.5 t, and a lift of up to 60 m. For the space analysis using a model tower, various supporting methods with horizontal supporting members, stress analysis for each tower stub, and apparatuses were examined. For the demonstration tests of election using the model tower, strain gages were attached at each point of steel tower, crane and horizontal supporting members, to measure the stress of members at each stage of the election. It was confirmed that there were no problems. For the election of actual steel tower, the practicality of this method was compared with that of conventional methods. The construction period was reduced in 20%, and the cost was reduced in 4%. The safety of this method was drastically enhanced due to the lack of moving on the tower and less manual operation. 9 figs., 1 tab.

  8. Fiscal 1992 report on geothermal development promotion survey (Development of geothermal reservoir assessment technique); 1989 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa (Chinetsu choryusou hyoka shuho kaihatsu hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    Efforts were exerted in fiscal 1984-1992 to develop techniques for appropriately assessing a geothermal reservoir for its productivity for duly predicting the optimum scale of power generation to be provided thereby. In the development of simulators, geothermal reservoir simulators (SING-1, -2, -3) and a geothermal well 2-phase flow simulator (WENG) were developed. As for the treatment of fractures in a reservoir and of substances soluble in the hot water, the methods for dealing with them were improved and augmented. In a model field study in a Hokkaido forest, reservoir pressure continuous observation and monitoring, temperature logging and pressure logging for existing wells, and geothermal fluid chemical analysis were performed for reservoir analysis, in which both natural state simulation and history mapping excellently reproduced the temperature and pressure distributions. The temperature and pressure distributions in a natural state simulation, out of the results of an analysis of the Oguni district model field, Kumamoto Prefecture, agreed not only with those in the natural state but also with the pressure transition data in the observation well. (NEDO)

  9. FY1997 geothermal development promotion survey. Development feasibility study 'Ashiro area'; 1997 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Kaihatsu kanosei chosa (Ashiro chiiki) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    With regard to the Ashiro Town area in Iwate Prefecture, this paper reports the result of evaluations based on temperature and pressure logging after a lapse of an extended period of time (well No.2) and a steam jet test (well No.1). These activities were performed as the survey on promotion of geothermal development and survey on development feasibility in fiscal 1997. As a result of the overall analysis based on the present survey and ones in the past, the geothermal system model in the surveyed area may be conceived as follows: in both of the N7-AR-1 and N7-AR-2 wells drilled in the southern part of the surveyed area, temperature as high as 250 degrees C or higher was confirmed; the underground temperature is 200 degrees C or higher at an altitude level of zero meter and 250 degrees C at around -500 m, leading to a belief that the high temperature area spreads to south; as a fracture system holding geothermal fluid, a fault was identified at the N7-AR-1 well drilling depth of 1710 m; in the steam jet test, a geothermal reservoir (a shallow geothermal reservoir) was confirmed to exist; the geothermal fluid that has jetted out shows alkaline Na-SO{sub 4} type; and the deep geothermal reservoir has high temperature and is presumed to be in the two-phase condition, presenting promising factors as the geothermal resources. (NEDO)

  10. Influence of territorial aggressiveness of ostrich males on egg ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unknown

    A score of. 10 was awarded to males that exhibited extreme territorial aggressiveness towards the observers. A colour chart that was compiled by using commercial paint colour charts, were used to score shin colour. A score of 0 represented a white shin colour, with 5 being a pink shin colour and 10 a bright crimson red.

  11. NEDO Forum 2000. New energy and energy conservation introducing and proliferating project session (toward promotion of introducing new energies and energy conservation); Shin'ene shoene donyu fukyu jigyo session. Shin'ene shoene no donyu sokushin ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The following themes were presented at this session: (1) the history and roles of the NEDO's introduction and promotion projects, (2) expectation and prospects to introduction and promotion of new energy and energy conservation technologies, (3) energy innovation in houses and buildings actively using new energies and energy conservation means, (4) works on introducing new energies by using the private finance initiative (PFI), and (5) the last resort for energy conservation promoting measures in the industrial domain (high-performance industrial furnace technologies). In Item 3, design cases intended for sustainable buildings were introduced. In Item 4, the PFI is explained as a means to use as much fund and management know-how in private sectors as possible in improving the social capitals and providing high-quality public services. In Japan, the PFI promotion law was established in July 1999 (the law concerning promotion of improvements in public facilities by utilizing funds in private sectors). Introductions are given on the wide area wastes disposal project in Kimitsu Area, the PFI model project for power generation of everyday use at Kanamachi Water Purification Plant of the Tokyo Metropolitan Water Supply Bureau, and the Omuta RDF power generation project. In Item 5, descriptions are given on a new high-performance industrial furnace using the combustion mechanism of 'high-temperature air combustion' created from preheated air at temperatures higher than spontaneous combustion temperature. (NEDO)

  12. Introduction of new energies that gives vitality to town of Mano, industries, and people. Report on establishment of new energy vision in Mano Town area (Niigata Prefecture); Mano no machi, sangyo, hito ni katsuryoku wo ataeru shin energy no donyu. Manocho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Based on assurance of energy availability in Sado Island, and age advancing of the population, an energy vision was established with the target of building 'Mano Town that seem real to everyone to find it good to live therein'. The population of Mano Town is about 6000 persons, and the energy consumption in total is 22,350 kl/year as converted into petroleum (industries and public sector at 12,162, households at 2,720, and transportation at 7,433). The new energy introduction is divided into three steps of the initial stage, middle stage, and long term stage. The initial stage will execute introduction of photovoltaic power generation into primary schools, promotion of utilization of solar energy at homes, promotion of introducing firewood and chaff boilers, and introduction of cogeneration into Yutoripia Mano. For the middle stage, discussions were given on introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the city office building, manufacture of light oil substituting fuel through rape seed and soy bean cultivation, introduction of hybrid automobiles, and manufacture of pellet fuel by utilizing wood wastes. For the long term stage, discussions were given on wind power generation, and ethanol fuel manufacture. (NEDO)

  13. New energy vision in Sawauchi Village area. Toward establishment of Sawauchi Village having unaided power based on 'new energies, lessons learned from past'; Sawauchimura chiiki shin energy vison. 'Onkochi shin energy' ni yoru jiriki aru Sawauchimura no kakuritsu ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Sawauchi Village area in Iwate Prefecture. As the energy species to be discussed for introduction, Sawauchi Village has assumed 'solar (beam and heat)', 'forest bio-mass', 'stock breeding bio-mass', 'small hydro-power' and 'snow'. The new energy introduction project included the proliferation and enlightenment activities using the Snow Country Culture Research Institute as the core, new energy introduction into the Sawauchi Baden, introduction of small hydropower generation and micro hydropower generation, new energy introduction into snow melting systems, new energy introduction into agricultural greenhouses, introduction of snow room-cooling systems into public facilities, development of new business targeted at promotion of forestry, and proliferation and enlightenment activities coordinated with relevant organizations. Particularly in the development of new business targeted at promotion of forestry, tackling will be moved forward to sale and manufacture of pellet stoves, manufacture of wood pellets, research, development, and commercialization of bio-mass power plant and new housings incorporating snow country cultures, with an aim of promotion of utilization of woods and thinned woods available in the village. (NEDO)

  14. Underground docking of shields for the first time under the sea by MSD method. Shield for a gas pipe line to Shin Nagoya thermal power station of Chubu Electric Power Co. Ltd.,; Kaiteika hatsu no MSD koho ni yoru shirudo chichu setsugo. Chubu Denryoku Shin Nagoya Karyoku Hatsudensho gas dokan shirudo koji

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, Y. [Shimizu Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-04-25

    MSD (mechanical shield docking) method is a method for mechanical docking two shields which have been extended simultaneously from both ends of one section of tunnel boring to shorten work term. One of the two shields has a piercing ring on its tip and another has a receiving ring. In the final stage of boring, the two ring are docked directly by piercing-receiving. The MSD method has been applied for the first time under sea to a boring work of an under sea tunnel on a route of a gas pipe line from Chita LNG base, Aichi prefecture to the title power station. This paper reports the outline of the shield machine and horizontal boring for confirming shield position that is a key to an underground docking as well as docking work. In the horizontal boring, after the shield machine on receiving side had reached the docking point predestined, the shield machine on piercing side conducted primary boring at 20 m front of the docking point and then secondary boring at 3 m front, whereby the boring hole was pierced into the shield machine on the receiving side. The accomplishment of this work made certain the reliability of MSD method even under sea. 1 ref., 13 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Feasibility study of Copahue geothermal development project, Argentina; Aruzenchin kyowakoku Copahue chiiki no chinetsu kaihatsu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, M.; Yamada, M.; Nakanishi, S.; Todaka, N. [Electric Power Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Fujita, T.

    1996-03-15

    Geothermal resources have been evaluated in the Copahue district. For this survey administrated by JICA, drilling of a deep test well with a small bore (COP-3) and blowout tests were conducted. This district is located at the east side of the Andes elongated in the N-S direction. Volcanoes with similar active periods and active states are distributed in the N-S direction, which forms a divide with the Pacific Ocean side. The Copahue-Caviahue composite volcano in the surveyed area is located nearly in the central part of the volcanic zone, which forms a special ring topography. Geology of the Copahue district consists of volcanic effusive rocks during the Tertiary and Quaternary periods. There are five prospecting fields with geothermal indications in the surveyed area. From the survey, an area of about 13 km{sup 2} was evaluated as a geothermal resource field. Especially, in the area of about 4 km{sup 2} including COP-1, 2 and 3 wells, the steam predominant type reservoirs were found out. As a result of estimation of the geothermal resource potential by the volumetric method, a highly prospective power generation potential of 30 MW was evaluated in the field where the steam predominant type reservoirs were confirmed by the boring wells. 7 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Development of measurement apparatus for high resolution electrical surveys; Komitsudo denki tansa sokuteiki no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moriuchi, H; Matsuda, Y; Shiokawa, Y [Sumiko Consultants Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Uchino, Y [Cosmic Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    For the enforcement of the {rho}a-{rho}u survey method which is a type of high-density electrical survey, a multichannel resistivity measuring instrument has been developed. This instrument, in addition to the above, conducts resistivity tomography and various other kinds of high-density electrical survey. A potential produced by a low frequency rectangular current of 1Hz or lower outputted by the transmitter of this instrument is received and measured by the receiver connected to electrodes positioned at 100 or less locations. The receiver comprises a scanner that automatically switches from electrode to electrode, conditioner that processes signals, and controller. A transmitter of the standard design outputs a maximum voltage of 800V and maximum current of 2A, making a device suitable for probing 50 to several 100m-deep levels. The receiver is operated by a personal computer that the controller is provided with. The newly-developed apparatus succeeded in presenting high-precision images of the result of a {rho}a-{rho}u analysis for an apparent resistivity section and of the underground structure, verifying the high quality of the data collected by this apparatus. 10 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Development of S-wave portable vibrator; S ha potable vibrator shingen no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaida, Y; Matsubara, Y [OYO Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Nijhof, V; Brouwer, J

    1996-05-01

    An S-wave portable vibrator to serve as a seismic source has been developed for the purpose of applying the shallow-layer reflection method to the study of the soil ground. The author, et al., who previously developed a P-wave portable vibrator has now developed an S-wave version, considering the advantage of the S-wave over the P-wave in that, for example, the S-wave velocity may be directly compared with the N-value representing ground strength and that the S-wave travels more slowly than the P-wave through sticky soil promising a higher-resolution exploration. The experimentally constructed S-wave vibrator consists of a conventional P-wave vibrator and an L-type wooden base plate combined therewith. Serving as the monitor for vibration is a conventional accelerometer without any modification. The applicability test was carried out at a location where a plank hammering test was once conducted for reflection aided exploration, and the result was compared with that of the plank hammering test. As the result, it was found that after some preliminary treatment the results of the two tests were roughly the same but that both reflected waves were a little sharper in the S-wave vibrator test than in the plank hammering test. 4 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Development of new-concept superconducting power equipment; Shinkino chodendo denryoku kiki no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamajima, T.; Tsurunaga, K.; Urata, M. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-01-01

    The superconducting magnet energy storage (SMES) system has a function by which magnetic energy is stored in a superconducting coil without loss and discharged very rapidly into the power line when needed. The fault current limiter has a function by which transport current is passed without impedance and excessive fault current is restricted by generating large impedance in an emergency. These are the functions of new power equipment, which can not be realized by the conventional equipment. In the small-scale SMES project, Toshiba has fabricated 100 kWh-class element coils and 1 kWh/1 MW modules as the first step of practical application for power system control. For the superconducting fault current limiter, Toshiba has developed a 6.6 kV-1 kA class fault current limiter without supplying cooling medium such as helium, and limiting tests of fault current have been successfully conducted. Through the long-term tests of element coils for SMES and the system interconnection tests of module-type SMES, it is expected that the technological development for practical application is accelerated. 4 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. Development of a water hydraulic servovalve; Suiatsu servo ben no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urata, E.; Nakao, Y. [Kanagawa University, Kanagawa (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Yamashina, C.; Miyagawa, S.; Usami, Y.; Shinoda, M. [Ebara Research Co. Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

    1997-06-25

    An electrohydraulic servovalve that uses clear water as a pressure medium (water hydraulic servovalve) is developed. A conventional electrohydraulic servovalve cannot work with this hostile fluid. This paper explains the structure and functions of components, and the relationship between them, as well as development procedure of the water hydraulic servovalve. The basic idea for the development is to support the spool of the valve with hydrostatic bearings and to lead the water from the bearings to the flapper-nozzle system, which, in this valve contains a laminar restriction upstream from the nozzle instead of the turbulent restriction in the conventional flapper-nozzle system. This paper also explains the design procedure of the hydrostatic bearing in the valve and the connection of electromagnetic elements and the fluidic elements. The manufactured water hydraulic servovalves show good characteristics in their smooth motion, endurance and controllability, including dynamic characteristics. 25 refs., 12 figs.

  20. Development and utilization of liquid quartz light modulating film. Ekisho choko film no kaihatsu to riyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, M. (Ajinomoto Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan))

    1992-03-01

    This paper introduces the polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) ACT'' sheet, a liquid quartz light modulating film, developed by the Ajinomoto Company in Japan. A mixture of liquid crystal and polymer precursor is sandwiched between polyethylene terephthalate films imparted with transparency conductor made of indium tin oxide (ITO), which is then polymerized by heating or irradiating ultraviolet rays to obtain a PDLC. The film has a thickness as thin as about 0.3 mm, and good processibility. The sheet uses light modulating elements functioning on scatter and permeation of light. Clarification was made on the voltage dependence of cloudiness, total light permeability, straight and parallel light permeability, the response, and the operating voltage. The system consumes small amount of power with a threshold value of about 35V, and is suitable to operate large areas when working on the utility power supply. An incident light having a high diffusion capability when the electric field is turned off exhibits a high clouding function. The system gives an excellent feel of colorlessness and transparency when the electric field is turned on. The performances in heat insulation, infrared reflection capability and noise resistance are expected to be compounded for a functional versatility. 4 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. How to proceed R and D effectively; Gijutsu kaihatsu no koritsutekina susumekata

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawakita, Tetsuya [Ajinomoto Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-07-05

    They greatly divide R and D into next three in the enterprise, it is considered. (1) The goal-oriented basic research. (2) The applied research. (3) Technology development. Here, they try to want to consider the measure for efficient result sending out in technology development. It always considers that the largest effect is raised in research personnel who was limited in advancing technology development, it is observed in the standpoint for the operation management. The thought of Concurrent Engineering has already been taken in daily management, and it is had thing sure. In large wave of the internationalization, the high competition superiority is ensured in respect of the cost competitiveness, while the goal is clarified, and while it lectures on the means for overcoming the bottleneck. Responding to the expectation of the management by the further improvement in the technology development force believes not differing role of the engineer in the enterprise. (NEDO)

  2. Research and development project plans for FY 1995; 1995 nendo kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    The present research and development project plans for FY 1995 administrated by NEDO consist of research and development of new energy, and research and development of industrial technology. Are illustrated further enhancement of new energy introduction promotion measures, new stage of international projects, promotion of new energy and new energy technology development, further enhancement of industrial and scientific technology research and development, integrated measures against global and urban environment problems, and budget of NEDO projects in FY 1995. The research and development of new energy includes coal conversion technology, solar energy technology, geothermal energy technology, energy conversion and storage technology, hydrogen, alcohol and biomass energy technology, geothermal energy resources, coal resources development, new energy promotion department activities, NEDO information center activities, and so on. On the other hand, the research and development of industrial technology includes research and development of industrial technology, and global environment technology. The research and development of industrial technology consists of superconductivity, new materials, biotechnology, electronics, information and communications, machinery and aerospace, natural resources, humanity, life and society, and various leading researches.

  3. R and D of remote reading system. Remote reading system no kaihatsu kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakano, H.; Hamada, T.; Nakamura, O. (The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan)); Imai, Y.; Akiyama, K.

    1992-03-25

    As measures for the spots difficult in metering within a framework to integrally automate the power distribution, a remote reading system was prototypically tested and evaluated in reliability on the actual field. The system methodically selected the signal {prime}s line injection, high frequency wave signal and voltage detection, while the signal frequency, transmission rate and highest transmission output were set at approx. 3.5KHz, 7.5bps and 50dBm, respectively from the test result. The demonstration test on reliability of the system locatively selected a vicinity of high voltage consumer, high harmonic wave-generating consumer, transforming station, etc. The total ratio of success in reception was comparatively high in Kuzuno and Yamazaki areas, but low in Kamojyo and Ichinomiya areas, The badness in reception was caused by the fluctuation in noise and strongness in damping which was influenced by the condenser in the high voltage consumer. The locative relation between the parent and child stations of system, and high voltage consumer being classified into four patters, an application table of remote reading system was prepared by simulation. 14 figs., 6 tabs.

  4. Development of sound absorption measuring system with acoustic chamber; Kogata kyuon koka sokutei sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahira, M.; Noba, M. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Matsuoka, H. [Nippon Soken, Inc., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    In order to measure sound absorption performance necessary to develop sound absorption materials, development was made on a device consisting of a small sound box capable of measurement inexpensively and easily, as a measure against the reverberation chamber method. In order to obtain stabilized diffusion sound internally, the sound box has a shape of asymmetric seven-side body in which sides do not face squarely with each other. The box was so sized that a large number of resonant vibration postures can be constituted at the targeted frequency simultaneously in the box. The box has a commercially available cone speaker with good acoustic output characteristics in frequency range of higher than 500 Hz installed on an inner side of the box. The sound source uses a method to derive sound absorption rate from difference of sound pressure levels. In order to eliminate need of averaging treatment by using a multi-point measurement inside the box, a discussion was given to provide an opening on part of the box to place the sound receiving point outside the opening. A square test piece is placed on the floor 0.5 meter or more away from the speaker in the box. As a result of the experiment, it was verified that the sound absorption rate obtained by this device corresponds well with that by the reverberation chamber method. The size of the test piece was also found adequate. 2 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Development of hydraulic brake actuator for active brake control; Active brake seigyoyo yuatsu booster no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konishi, Y; Hattori, M. Sugisawa, M.; Nishii, M [Aisin Seiki Co. Ltd., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Recently, application of active brake control systems of the vehicle are increasing. (Vehicle stability control, Panic brake assist ) We have developed a new hydraulic brake actuator for active brake control systems. New hydraulic brake actuator is composed of the three parts. (Hydraulic booster unit, Power supply unit, Control valve unit) This report describes the construction of the new hydraulic booster unit. 2 refs., 10 figs.

  6. Development of crankshaft dynamic stress prediction; Jitsudoji crankshaft oryoku yosoku shuho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, S; Iwamoto, A; Miyazawa, H; Sato, K; Ozaki, H [Honda R and D Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    In this paper, the development of the simulation model which predicts the stress of the crankshaft under running condition precisely is described. This simulation model considers about the nonlinearity of the oil film stiffness in the main bearing, the dynamic characteristic of the crankshaft system including resonance and the cylinder block stiffness. By the development of this stress analysis simulation, the stress m each part of the crankshaft during durability testing could be precisely predicted. 1 ref., 10 figs.

  7. Development of friction welding method by electric servo motors; Dendo servo shiki masatsu assetsuho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, H; Onuma, M; Hasegawa, T; Sakamoto, T [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The standard friction welding has two methods; the brake method and the inertia method. We have developed a new friction welding method with the electric servo motor system. The forming of plastic fluidity layers of interface is evaluated quantitatively with the feedback control characteristics. The new method has enabled to reduce the heat effect and the burr of friction welding. In the method, we could reduce the getting heat energy, from one-third to half less than the previous methods. 6 refs., 16 figs.

  8. Development of a platoon driving AHS; AHS jikkensha ni okeru gunsoko seigyo no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seto, Y; Inoue, H [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Nissan and the Public Work Research Institute of the Ministry of Construction are developing an Automated Highway System. We are investigating a longitudinal control system in AHS. In this paper, a vehicle control method using two actuators an engine and a brake, is described. Experimental and simulated results are shown. A Platoon driving control method using road-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-vehicle communication is described. And the influence of the communication on the control performance is shown by experiments and simulation. The effects of the communication device and control device mentioned above are verified by experimental results in an AHS field test conducted in September 1996 on a dosed highway. 5 refs., 8 figs.

  9. Hierarchical functional model for automobile development; Jidosha kaihatsu no tame no kaisogata kino model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumida, S [U-shin Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Nagamatsu, M; Maruyama, K [Hokkaido Institute of Technology, Sapporo (Japan); Hiramatsu, S [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    A new approach on modeling is put forward in order to compose the virtual prototype which is indispensable for fully computer integrated concurrent development of automobile product. A basic concept of the hierarchical functional model is proposed as the concrete form of this new modeling technology. This model is used mainly for explaining and simulating functions and efficiencies of both the parts and the total product of automobile. All engineers who engage themselves in design and development of automobile can collaborate with one another using this model. Some application examples are shown, and usefulness of this model is demonstrated. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  10. Development of catalyst for diesel engine; Diesel engine yo shokubai no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueno, H; Furutani, T; Nagami, T [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Aono, N; Goshima, H; Kasahara, K [Cataler Industrial Co. Ltd., Shizuoka (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The new concept catalyst for diesel engine has been developed. When the exhaust temperature is low, SOF and HC are temporarily adsorbed by the adsorbent within the catalyst and are oxidized as the temperature rise. The process of this development have manifested as follows. (1) The coating material is important factor to govern the oxidation activity. (2) SOF is reduced by the coating material in low temperature less than 200degC. (3) The coating material, which has low SO2 adsorbing rate suppress the sulfate formation at high temperature. 2 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Development of super thin foil metal supported catalyst; Chousuhaku metal tantai shokubai no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanji, F; Takada, T [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    In order to improve warm-up performance, high heat resistance and long life durability of catalysts, the reduction of the metal support heat capacity has been focused. The effects of both reducing foil thickness and lowering cell density on low heat capacity have been investigated. As a result of engine bench and vehicle test, it was apparent that the reduction of foil thickness has greater effects. Newly developed 30 {mu} m foil thickness metal supported catalyst has quicker warm-up performance, and its structural durability up to 950degC is confirmed. 3 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Development of low light-off catalyst; Teion kassei ni sugureta shokubai no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takemoto, T; Ichikawa, S; Koda, Y; Yamamoto, E; Sumida, H; Yamada, H; Shigetsu, M; Komatsu, K [Mazda Motor Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    A new type of three way catalyst was developed in order to reduce HC, CO and NOx in cold exhaust gas. This catalyst consists of double layer, and has a base support material of alumina and oxygen storage components (OSC) loaded with active metals including platinum. palladium and rhodium. It has good light-off performance and high catalytic activity. This catalyst includes two types of OSC. One is CeO2, and the other is CePrO2 that makes possible to improve NOx conversion at high exhaust gas temperature. 8 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Development of an automatic emergency reporting system; Jiko jido tsuho system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawai, A; Sekine, M; Kodama, R; Matsumura, K [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-06-30

    This paper proposes an automatic emergency reporting system as an ASV technology for preventing secondary damage. In the event a vehicle is involved in an accident or other emergency situation, this system automatically reports the vehicle`s present position along with information on the vehicle and owner to an operations center via radio signals. This makes it possible to dispatch an ambulance or other emergency vehicle more quickly. A prototype simulation system has been built consisting of a custom designed control unit for in-vehicle use and a personal computer that simulates an operations center. The interface between the control unit and the personal computer is a wireless modem. The navigation system offered in the Cedric was modified for use as the vehicle location sensor and map database of the operations center. In experiments conducted on the system, information was transmitted from the control unit and shown on a digital map display on the personal computer screen in about ten seconds following activation of an emergency signal. 5 figs.

  14. Both hydrogen and electricity chargeable battery; Suiso to denki de juden kanona denchi kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    Kuriyama group of the Osaka Industrial Research Institute developed a new air-metallic hydride battery that is chargeable by both electricity and hydrogen gas. The battery uses a hydrogen storage alloy as the negative pole and uses active carbon coated with platinum as the positive pole. Potassium hydroxide aqueous solution is used as the electrolyte, and a space is arranged in the negative pole for contacting and absorbing the hydrogen with a good efficiency. The key point is the development of the hydride for energy storage that can well absorbs the hydrogen gas even it is dampened by the electrolyte. And the pole is prepared by pulverized the particles of rare earth hydrogen storage alloy having the particle size smaller than 150 micron meter, forming a Ni layer for a catalyst to absorb hydrogen, adding fluorinated resin dispersant for the sake of repellency and forming a sheet. In a test running, a half of hydrogen storage capacity is realized by charging for 30 minutes. And, 0.6 V electricity of 10 mA per unit pole area of 1cm{sup 2} is continuously obtained for 17 hours during discharging. While a third electrode is formed by nickel hydroxide, the battery is chargeable and dischargeable as the same as nickel hydrogen battery. Low cost and small size can be expected by a combination of respectively prepared fuel battery with nickel hydrogen battery. (translated by NEDO)

  15. Hydrogen battery car developed in Matsuda; Matsuda suiso nenryo denchisha wo kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    Matsuda announced that the hydrogen battery car 'Demio FCEV' was developed by the company. This new type car not only does not need an air humidifying machine, but also supplies the necessary electricity with an ultra capacitor of a large scale condenser. Its maximum output is 40 kw, the highest speed is 90 km per hour, and the accelerating time from the stop state to 40 m is about 5 seconds, the same level as a gasoline car. One time of hydrogen charging serves for 170 km running. As a hydrogen battery car, it is the third one in the world, following the DAIMURA in Germany and TOYOTA. (translated by NEDO)

  16. Study on the current status of biomass energy development; Bio mass energy no kaihatsu jokyo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted on the present status of biomass energy in Japan and abroad and the developmental trend of the latest biomass energy technology. Brazil and the U.S. are most advancing in the biomass energy utilization. Brazil uses sugar cane which is plenty in supply as a raw material, and the U.S. does corn which is the surplus crop. Both countries use the conventional ethanol fermentation technology and produce the petroleum substitution liquid fuel which is in greatest need. As to the technology to convert biomass resource into energy, attention has so far been paid to the development of the production process of the liquid fuel. The latest technology for ethanol fermentation using saccharin and starch as raw materials has already been established in Japan, and the energy-saving type alcohol recovery technology has also reached the stage of practical application. Moreover, as to the ethanol conversion technology with cellulose substrate, the development of the saccharification process will be needed in future. 15 figs., 10 tabs.

  17. Development of position measuring technology by GPS; GPS ni yoru sokui gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishizaki, T [Ministry of Transportation, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-07-25

    With regard to the GPS (global positioning system) which uses the satellites launched and administered by the U.S.A. and has been utilized worldwide for ships, automobiles and geodetic surveys in recent years, Ministry of Transport started investigation and research on the application of its position measuring system from FY 1989. In this fiscal year, a study on position measuring methods and selection of the position measuring system to be developed were made, in FY 1991, the real-time functioning and track display were developed, in FY 1992, the initialization aboard the ship, the measure to prevent cycle slip, and the radio data communication technology were developed, and in FY 1993, a long term demonstration experiment presuming its practical use was conducted attaining the expected purpose. In this article, the developed real-time kinematic position measuring system is introduced. Regarding the position measuring methods by the GPS, there are the one point position measuring method and the relative position measuring method. Regarding this newly developed position measuring device, its application to work ships and structures can be considered in various ways. 4 figs.

  18. Development of a new automotive navigation system; Shingata navigation system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sone, M; Nakano, H; Nakayama, O; Tanemura, E; Yoshitsugu, N; Watanabe, M [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-01-31

    An automotive navigation system was outlined. Features of this system are described below: map display called `Bird View` extending up to the horizon was commercialized; accuracy of determining the vehicle`s present position was realized using new algorithm; and automatic route selection was adopted. Human machine interface of this system also was completely reviewed. `Bird View` was realized by reading plane map data out from CD-ROM and converting them onto the coordinate on the virtual screen in front of the view point. Automatic selection which depends mostly on self-contained navigation adopts the certain way in comparison of the computation position in GPS. To assume vehicle advancing direction, employed were optical fiber gyroscope, geomagnetic sensor, and Karman filter making a good use of advantages of GPS, for the improvement of accuracy. For the automatic distance correction, a function of correcting pulse-distance conversion coefficient was employed, and the free maintenance was realized. 5 figs.

  19. Development of a method to maintain vigilance level; Kakusei teika keigen shuho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okamoto, Y.; Horiguchi, A.; Ishida, K.; Hata, S. [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1995-04-20

    As a part of measures to prevent accidents caused by reduced vigilance and drowsiness of drivers, this paper reports the result of experiments that presents effectiveness of a method to give drivers intermittent auditory stimuli as environmental stimulation. It was found that vigilance decline can be reduced by intermittent auditory stimuli under a laboratory condition using a selective reaction time in monotonous selective reaction works as a parameter; and the effective interval in the intermittence is 30 seconds. A driving simulator was used to prove that the vigilance decline reducing effect by the intermittent auditory stimuli has the same level of effect as chewing gums even under the environment composed of driving operation, vehicle motions, and background noise. However, a number of questions remain yet to be discussed, such as the effect when the ratio of sound presentation time and no presentation time was varied. Furthermore, a number of other physical stimuli in addition to auditory stimulation may be assumed that has effective possibility as vigilance decline reducing stimuli, including hot heat and vibration. It was verified, however, that vigilance decline can be reduced by properly varying the environmental stimulation. 6 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal system for industrial and other use. Development of passive solar system (research and development of advanced glazing); Sangyoyo nado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Passive solar system no kaihatsu (chokozai nado no kenkyu kaihatsu (advanced grazing no kenkyu kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takita, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for advanced glazing in which solar energy is efficiently utilized. The peripheral techniques are surveyed for evaluation of characteristics of large-size dimming glass, optimization of film compositions and scaling up. The dimming device, made on a trial basis, attains a target controllable rage of at least 50% for visible light transmittance. The suitable components include WO3 as the electrochromic material producing color under a reducing atmosphere, NiO as the counter electrode producing color under an oxidative atmosphere, and hydrated SbOx as the proton-conducting electrolyte. The test results indicate possibility of the dimming glass stably operable while being irradiated with a quantity of sun ray of around 10 years. The study on scaling up the dimmer glass develops, on a trial basis, a process for producing large-size glass and evaluates its characteristics, where the film parameters are investigated. It also investigates the peripheral techniques for assembling the devices for the large-size glass, and develops useful techniques, such as those for sealants and improved sealing methods. 1 fig., 1 tab.

  1. Development and environment of new electric automobile, `Ecovehicle`; Shingata denki jidosha eko vehicle kaihatsu to kankyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimizu, H [National Inst. for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    This paper introduces history of the development of an electric automobile, `Ecovehicle`. It is provided with a high overall energy efficiency compared with an engine vehicle. The Ecovihicle is 1.2m in width, 3.3m in length, 2 seating capacities and 910kg in overall weight with serially connected 56 batteries of each 4V, 40Ah and having the total weight of 269kg. Its travel distance per charging is 130km at a speed of 80 k.p.h. This vehicle is capable of running with an energy of approximately one third as much as that of a light car. In addition, the vehicle is provided with polycrystal solar batteries placed on 0.6m{sup 2} area on the roof and spoiler generating 60W maximum. Assuming the annual duration of sunshine is 1,800 hours, charging is possible for 63kWh annually. Assuming the charging efficiency is 83%, charging is possible about seven times, which is an equivalent of travelling about 1,000km annually. The characteristics for example are the employment of brushless DC motor, use of energy saving switching element IGBT in order to realize a low level of loss in the inverter, in-wheel motor system, and storage of storage batteries in a hollow aluminum frame installed under the floor. 2 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Development of RaRaII solar car. Solar car RaRaII no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohashi, M [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1991-05-31

    A solar car was developed to be able to travel, by utilizing solar energy, as a guiding car for the marathon race in the public road. That car is 210kg in weight, 1 in number of riding persons and 4.8m in smallest rotating radius. Its traveling performance is 44km h in highest speed, 10{degree} in hill-climbing ability and 0.6m s{sup 2} in acceleration. Those principal particulars satisfied the required condition of guiding car for the marathon race. That car was equipped with a polycrystalline silicon type solar cell, 6m{sup 2} in area to generate 870Wp power. A silver oxide-zinc battery, used as a secondary battery to secure traveling in case of rain, is of a performance to travel twice the marathon race road through. To satisfy the public road traveling in safety standard, that car was equipped with head lamps, wiper, direction winkers, rear-view mirrors, etc. As material of the body, aramid fiber and carbon fiber were adopted for securing the rigidity to cover the lightening in weight. That car, as used at an opportunity of intercollegiate marathon relay race, traveled a distance of about 30km which was its entire public road portion of course. 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Development and demonstration of optical polarization controller; Hikari henpa seigyo sochi no kaihatsu to jissho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurono, M. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-04-01

    If fiber transmission light can be controlled in a stabilized polarization state, realization of coherent optical communication is anticipated. In the case of adopting it to OPGW, however, it is necessary to compensate high speed polarization variation caused by lightning strike. But this was difficult in the conventional method. Accordingly, a high speed polarization control method was proposed which uses an electric effect of lithium niobate (LN) crystals. In the study, a polarization control unit was manufactured based on the method proposed and the performance was demonstrated. As a result of measuring output light with input light changed in every state of polarization, the object horizontal polarization component obtained a stabilized light intensity at {+-}0.1dB, and a light intensity of the component slipped out of the horizontal polarization was suppressed under -20dB. To cope with the polarization variation by lightning strike, it is necessary to make the control delay 10{mu}sec or below, and improvement in processing unit, etc. may make it possible since LN crystals respond below 1{mu}sec. High speed control of the infinitely continuing arbitrary polarization variation became possible. 14 refs., 19 figs.

  4. Development of MCFC and PEFC technologies; Jisedai nenryo denchi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hori, M; Ozu, H; Sonai, A [Toshiba Corp. Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-06-01

    Next-generation fuel cells under development by Toshiba Corporation are outlined. The molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) has become stable in performance, which results from the conversion of the matrix group from the {gamma}-type to {alpha}-type LiAlO2. The cathode material is expected to withstand the elution of electrolyte for 20000 hours. The soft structure separator developed for stack constitution is expected to improve electrical contact and reduce the cost of stack. An appliance has been completed to tentatively produce every element concerned. During an actual operation, the structural soundness of the 2-cell stack was confirmed by thermal load tests. As for the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), an interior humidification method has been developed using a porous material for supplying water to the polymer film. The amount of moisture can be controlled, which will enable a larger-area cell. A 1kW-class stack with a world-record-level 1200cm{sup 2} electrode area has been developed, which stack has shown that the target output has been attained. Furthermore, the power generation efficiency of the system including fuel treatment has been examined. 10 figs.

  5. Development of the Nissan hydraulic active suspension. Nissan yuatsu active suspension no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawarasaki, y.; Fukunaga, Y.; Hasegawa, S.; Okuyama, Y.; Omura, I.; Takahashi, K.; Abe, S.; Tsuruta, E. (Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1989-12-25

    A hydraulic active suspension system, Nissan original product, was developed and mass produced for the first time in the world. The system incorporates a sufficient power source, a high accuracy sensor and a high response device for continuous and intended vehicle control and at the same time delivers high levels of ride comfort and driving performance. The suspension system has four innovative features: skyhook damping, active roll and pitching control, a frequency-dependent damping mechanism, and active steering characteristics control. Under all road and operating conditions, the system actively suppresses vehicle attitude changes and unnecessary movement, and also gently absorbs inputs from the road. This epoch-making system provides a dramatic improvement in vehicle performance, and has been adopted in the Infiniti Q45 luxury sedan. 2 refs., 20 figs., 4 tabs.

  6. Radar system for non-excavation flowmole drilling; Flowmole koho zenpo kanshi sensor no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakauchi, T; Hayakawa, H; Tsunasaki, M; Kishi, M [Osaka Gas Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    Technology is discussed of detecting structures buried in the ground by use of a forward-looking sensor mounted on the drill head for the avoidance of collision with such structures during application of the flowmole method in urban districts. In this detection system, pulsating radio signals are emitted from a transmission antenna and the received signals are converted into low-frequency signals in a sampling circuit for eventual display on a B-scope. Since the drill head for flowmole technology is as small as approximately 50-60mm in diameter, experiment is conducted to know the detectability of a very small antenna directed at a buried pipe. The basic phase of the experiment using the very small antenna includes a soil-filled tank test and field test. It is then found that the very small antenna is capable of detecting the steel pipe buried 50cm away from the antenna with the antenna directed at the said pipe. In a test wherein a very small antenna is allowed to rotate on the drill propelling shaft, the design simulating a revolving drill head, it is learned that the detecting system under study will identify the direction in which a buried structure exists. 1 ref., 9 figs.

  7. Development of the sex quality of the material for high; Kotaiyosei suritto puragu zaishitsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Egashira, R. [TYK Corp., Gifu (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    When it works for the stable durability of the gas business slit flag, a spooling is made a problem like heat, and the improvement of the quality of the material is being done. It is formed, and a thermostability spooling causes curving, and the existence of that gap is being improved by substituting some of the bone materials for the special alumina bone material during the bone material and the matrix by being connected with the resistance of the crack development the gap when a crack develops, it branches off .A stable durability is confirmed even in an actual opportunity, and heat shock crack resistance Rst is placed on the effective method as an evaluation of the thermostability spooling. (translated by NEDO)

  8. Research and development of turbofan engine for supersonic aircraft. Choonsokukiyo turbofan engine no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yashima, S [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1992-01-01

    This paper described the researched results of the demonstrator of a turbofan engine for supersonic aircraft (IHI-17). A turbofan engine with an afterburner was experimentally fabricated and various engine tests have been carried out since 1988. Although the engine size is small, the fighter engine specifications were applied to its design and the prior or simultaneous research on each component was carried out. As a result, the system integration technique by which an engine was assembled by integrating each component could be established. New materials and new manufacturing techniques such as turbine blades of single crystal, turbine disks of powder metallurgy and deep chemical milling for a duct were developed to use for the long term engine test and the prospect to commercialization could be obtained. The following techniques have been established and the results satisfying target specifications could be achieved: the three dimensional aerodynamic design of compressor and turbine, the adoption of air blast fuel atomizer to suppress the smoke generation, an afterburner of spray bar system and the mounting type FADEC (full authority digital electronic control) to control the engine with the afterburner. 4 refs., 15 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. Development of GE90 engine with largest thrust. GE90 engine no kaihatsu jokyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aono, H [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries, Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-05-01

    The present paper explained the turbofan engine GE90 which is being developed by General Electric Co., USA. That engine is to meet the thrust (takeoff thrust) of 300 to 530kN as required for the new-generation wide-fuselage civil transport plane which is being designed for its planned operation in the 1990's. In April, 1991, the world's strongest thrust of 480kN was achieved with engine elements also confirmed through element test. Thereafter, the engine underwent a flying test on board of Boeing 747 to materialize the planned operation in 1995. Made to be 9 in by-pass ratio and about 40 in overall pressure ratio, the GE90 was given the concept that advantage could be secured in both propulsive efficiency and thermal efficiency. That concept could be materialized by the development of composite fan blade technology and energy-efficient technology which were both demonstrated with an unducted fan. In spite of its pressure ratio of 22, the GE90's high pressure compressor demonstrates its polytropic efficiency which is equal to that of the low pressure ratio compressor. 3 refs., 19 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Development of high reliability dual redundant FADEC. Koshinraisei nijukei FADEC no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Endo, M [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries, Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-05-01

    The control unit of gas turbine for the aircraft jet engine use must draw overall performance in compliance with the thrust commanded by the pilot under all flying conditions of the engine. High reliability is required in flight safety. The present paper explains a developed unit of dual redundant FADEC (full authority digital electronic control) and high-density mounting technology for the electronic devices required by the FADEC. The FADEC unit is composed of two hardware systems with their respective microprocessors of the same structure. Each of both systems can solely control the engine, while they are both commanded by a necessary signal for the dual system operation and connected through a digital by-pass which can exchange the input/output data between them. For the operational confirmation of FADEC unit, its control characteristics were inspected by intentionally putting it out of order at the time of engine acceleration/deceleration and other transient operations. The control system could be switched without control characteristics lost of the engine. 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Quiet STOL research aircraft development program. Teisoon STOL jikkenki kitai kaihatsu sogo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    The airframe development program of the quiet STOL research aircraft (ASKA) promoted by National Aerospace Laboratory, Japan is reported in detail. ASKA was developed based on a C-1 medium-sized troop and freight transport aircraft for the Air Self-Defence Force, and four turbofan- jet engines were substituted for two previous engines. Its first flight was conducted successfully on Oct. 28, 1985 after 8 year development from 1977 to 1985. The ASKA was developed separately on its airframe, engine and flight, and this report includes every related matter to its airframe. The promotion system, budget and executive system are reported in the second chapter, and the design requirements, safety standard and basic design in the third chapter. Several related tests such as wind tunnel test and flight simulation test are reported in the 4th chapter, and the structure and equipment of ASKA are outlined in the final chapter. The appendix includes the line-up of and discussions in the technical committee, the list of newly developed functional parts, the list of design reports and the list of related tests. 50 refs., 8 figs., 23 tabs.

  12. Present developmental conditions petroleum substituting energies in the EU; Sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (EU)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report outlines the policy of development and introduction of petroleum substituting energies, and its diffusion situation in the EU. On the policy, development, introduction and diffusion of petroleum substituting energies in the EU, based on the new EU energy white paper issued in fiscal 1996, the policy of energy and environment in every EU country is first outlined. The policy of and practical approach to petroleum substituting energies in every EU country are next described. In particular, since ALTENER which has been continuously promoted by the EU for 3 years as main control measures against CO2 is newly moving toward the second plan, the trend of ALTENER and the new SAVE2 plan are presented. The content of JOULE-THERMIE is also precisely presented which is the new energy program of the 4th framework R & D program. In relation to the developmental trend of alternative energies to oil in the EU until 2020, its prediction result is presented on the basis of the latest study promoted by EC committee in the ALTENER plan. 10 tabs.

  13. Present developmental conditions of petroleum substituting energies in France; Sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (France)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The French Government most enthusiastically promotes development of bio-gasoline in renewable energy field. EU makes pressure to remove the French Government`s fiscal advantages for bio-gasoline which only benefit French farmers, and the IEA (International Energy Agency) report also estimates no benefit corresponding to the fiscal support cost. Start of the `Eolien 2005` project is attractive in renewable energy field which aims at construction of wind power generation stations of 250-500MW by 2005. The `Eolien 2005` project is mainly supported by Electricite de France (EDF) who guarantees the purchase of produced electric power at a submitted price. In addition to this subsidy activity, EDF decided to positively tackle renewable energy. On R and D efforts for renewable energy, France belongs to the most poor countries among IEA countries, and in addition, the effort is considerably concentrated onto the study on reduction of production cost for bio-gasoline. There were no changes in this situation in 1996. 7 refs., 5 figs., 31 tabs.

  14. Development of plastic pulley by injection molding; Shashutsu keisei ni yoru jushi pulley no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshizumi, F; Funatsu, A; Yazawa, H [Sumitomo Bakelite Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    We developed plastic pulley for automobile manufactured by injection molding which will reduce manufacturing cost. We have developed product design, injection molding technology especially to improve mechanical strength and phenolic molding compound with good wear resistance and high mechanical strength. We have established `Injection Compression molding` technology to improve mechanical strength of weld portion. We also developed phenolic molding compound which is composed of one step resin and long organic fiber to obtain good wear resistance and high mechanical strength. Manufacturing cost will be reduced by using injection molding combined with lower material cost of the newly developed compound. 12 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Development of puncture resistance tire tube; Nirinsha no taipankusei kojo cube no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamagiwa, T; Nakayama, K; Kiyota, S; Tanaka, A [Honda R and D Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Makisaka, N

    1997-10-01

    A new tire tube with a puncture resistance function was developed. The tube is a two-chamber structure having an air chamber and a liquid chamber, and the liquid chamber at the crown-side half of the tube is filled with an anti-puncture sealant during a manufacturing process. In a market test, it was confirmed that the number of puncture cases were reduced by 90 % in comparison with conventional tire tubes by using the newly developed tube. This paper describes the structure of the tube and the characteristics of the tube rubber, and the manufacturing process and durability of the tube. 3 refs., 17 figs.

  16. Advanced soft coverpad made of non-woven fabric; Soft fushokufu coverpad no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayakawa, t; Kamezaki, K; Tokita, T [Takashimaya Nippatsu Kogyo, Aichi (Japan); Yamada, Y; Ono, H; Araki, O [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    At the present expected to enhance the product-value of automobile, it can be considered that advancement of touching and fitting feeling of seat would be important factors. For the purpose of materializing of these factors, We have noted softening of seat cover and carried out development of cover pad made of non-woven fablic. As a result of pursuing compatibility of soft feeling and durability of the cover pad, we could achieve to ensure the quality required for the material as the seat cover pad. 3 refs., 15 figs., 4 tabs.

  17. Development of air fuel ratio sensor; A/F sensor no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakawa, T; Hori, M [Denso Corp., Aichi (Japan); Nakamura, Y [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The Air Fuel Ratio Sensor (A/F sensor), which is applied to a 1997 model year Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) was developed. This sensor enables the detection of the exhaust gas air fuel ratio, both lean and rich of stoichiometric. It has an effective air fuel ratio range from 12 to 18 as required for LEV regulation. It has the fast light off, - within 20 seconds - to minimize exhaust hydrocarbon content. Further, it has fast response time, less than 200 msec, to improve the air fuel ratio controllability. 3 refs., 7 figs.

  18. Advanced slab polyurethane foam with feather touch; Soft feather urethane foam no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamada, Y; Ono, H [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Mori, A; Yamaguchi, N; Nakamura, T [Bridgestone Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Automotive seat plays an important part, which are not only retention of sitting position, but also comfort and high-class feeling. Wadding, which is a part of the seat, is a key component for the sitting comfortableness. This paper is concerned with advanced slab polyurethane foam with feather touch feeling. The compounding of formation, foaming process and reliability of mass production is studied. 2 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. Development of multiplexing network for air conditioner systems; Eakon yo LAN system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, T; Nakazawa, Y; Nakase, M; Sato, Y [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Nomura, M; Okasato, Y; Sunaga, H [Calsonic Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Plural air flap actuators of the air conditioner system in a vehicle have been integrated into a single-type actuator using two newly developed technologies: super-low-cost multiplexing network technology and digital motor control technology with a 1-bit A/D converter. The number of harnesses and connectors and the handling load of the air conditioner control microcomputer are reduced, so that we succeeded in sharply reducing the cost of the air conditioner system. 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Development of hybrid system for mass productive passenger car; Joyoshayo ryosangata hybrid system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, S; Sasaki, S; Matsui, H; Kubo, K [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The Toyota Hybrid System has two power sources which engage depending on driving conditions. An improved efficiency gasoline engine provides the main power to drive the wheels, as in conventional automobiles. Drive power can also be supplied by an electric motor, which derives its electricity from a battery and a Generator. Fuel efficiency is further boosted by other measures, such as automatically cutting the engine when the vehicle is at a stop and regenerating the energy accumulate during deceleration. Compared with conventional vehicles with a 1.5-liter engine running in 10 {center_dot} 15 mode, the CO2 emissions are reduced by half. Moreover, with the use of a motor to reduce engine load during acceleration, HC, CO, and NOx emissions are cut significantly low levels. 13 figs.

  1. Development of Toyota new 1GZ-FE engine; Shingata V12 gasoline engine no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawamura, H; Asahi, T; Goto, M; Endo, K; Terada, M [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The first V-12 cylinder engine for passenger car in Japan, the 1GZ-FE, which is the status of high luxury vehicles has been developed. In order to proceed the merit of V-12 cylinder engine, Intelligent Variable Valve Timing (VVT-i) system, Slant squish combustion chamber, Iridium pole spark plug and Intelligent electronic throttle control system were introduced. Through these features this new 1GZ-FE has achieved an overwhelming smoothness and quietness and yet highest torque among the same displacement engine at low and medium engine speed. Additionally the 1GZ-FE achieved good fuel economy and high reliability which exceed any other competitors. 14 refs., 4 figs.

  2. Development of roller type side slip tester; Roller shiki side slip tester no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishiyama, S [Hiroshima City Industrial Technology Institute, Hiroshima (Japan); Harada, S; Harada, K

    1997-10-01

    This paper presents a new development of roller type side slip tester (RTSSI). The test equipment consists of four parts, which are developed in this research. These are a roller part, a control part, a remote control part and a CRT part. In this study, we especially investigated the mechanism and performance between tire and roller. We analyzed the amount of side slip with various toe angles. The developed tester is examined under the conditions that is considered in industrial applications. We investigated the influences of toe angle, size of tire, pressure of tire, coefficient of friction between tire and roller, pushing force of tire, revolution velocity of roller, axle load and so on. The validity of the developed RTSST is confirmed under these conditions. It was found that the RTSST can be used in practical use. Some measurement results are presented in the form of parametric plots. And we also compared measurements data between the RTSST and that of flat type using several automobiles. 4 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  3. Development of refrigerator insulation with reduced CFC-11. Reizokoyo flon sakugen uretan dannetsuzai no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kai, H.; Fukuda, K.; Yoshioka, M. (Sharp Corp., Osaka (Japan))

    1992-11-10

    Polyurethane thermal insulator in which the usage of CFC-11 is 50% reduced by increasing the percentage of water has been developed for the purpose of reducing polyurethane-foaming CFC-11 used as thermal insulator of refrigerators. In this new water-intensive feedstock system, the overall OH-value in polyol was lowered; the usage of aromatic amines was curtailed; and the amount of sorbits was increased so as to secure adhesiveness at the foaming jig temperature of 35[degree]C. As for the improvement of fluidity, a combination of four kinds of polyols offered viscosity in the same level as in the conventional ones. Thermal conductivity was worsened, but the rate of its drop could be controlled below 3% by some measures such as homogenization of stock materials, choice of a suface-active agent which makes foam bubbles minute, etc. Concerning curing property which has a large effect on productivity, a reaction type amine-based catalyst delaying thickening behaviour at the time of foaming was selected and a gelling promotive tertiary amine-based catalyst which can develop foam curing promptly was combinedly used to reduce curing property from five minutes in the past to four minutes. 2 refs., 6 figs., 14 tabs.

  4. Development of practical solar-electric vehicle; Jitsuyo fukyugata solar denki jidosha no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, S; Fujinaka, M [Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    The paper reported on a Tokyo-Nagoya travel test on a practical spread type solar-electric vehicle, Solar-EV. A comparative study was made running the same type gasoline vehicle, GV. The measured power consumption amount of Solar-EV is 57.6 kWh. By converting it into Mcal unit, an energy consumption amount of 49.5 Mcal was obtained. Further, as to GV, the energy consumption amount of 316 Mcal was obtained using the amount of supply of gasoline (mean heating value: 8.4 Mcal/h) of 37.6 l and the fuel consumption of 16.2 km/l. Accordingly, the energy consumption amount of Solar-EV became a sixth of that of GV. In the cost comparison, the cost of Solar-EV was 1,440 yen (power source price: 25 yen/kWh), which is about a third of that of GV, 3760 yen (gasoline unit price: 100 yen/l). Monocrystal Si solar cells, 270W, installed on hood/roof are connected to the main 288V system (the auxiliary 12V system is amorphous Si), and generate power 4.4 kWh during travel. A total power consumption amount of Solar-EV in the total travel (Tokyo-Nagoya) is 79.9 kWh including the auxiliary system, approximately 6% of which was to be supplied from solar cells. 1 ref., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Development of solar power generator system; Taiyoko netsufukugo hatsuden system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kisara, K; Kumagai, T; Niino, M; Chen, L; Eguchi, K [National Aerospace Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Described herein is a new hybrid solar power generator system, in which solar energy is separated into the light and heat components by a wavelength-selective filter before being directly converted into electric power, the former for the amorphous solar cell (ASC) unit and the latter for the thermoelectric unit. These units complement with each other to enhance overall efficiency. The ASC unit should have a higher efficiency when it works on the light component, because the heat (infrared) component increases cell temperature and decreases its output. For the ASC unit, the effects of the filter have been tested. The thermoelectric unit, generating power by the Seebeck effect, should have a higher efficiency, if heat flux passing through the unit can be increased, because of increased temperature differential, to which voltage produced increases proportionally. For the thermoelectric unit, heat is collected by a parabolic mirror unit from sunbeams received by a heliostat. Characteristics of these units are grasped almost as expected by the tests. 4 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Development of automatic high-concentration boron measurement technique; Konodo hoso jido sokutei gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maeda, T.; Honda, S.; Ito, A. [Kyushu Electric Power Co. Inc., Fukuoka (Japan)

    1997-03-01

    The technology that can automatically measure the boron concentration in boric acid water was developed. A high-concentration boric acid solution must be held at a high temperature to prevent the deposition. Skill and precision ({plus_minus}0.2 to 0.3% for 10 to 2500 ppm as boron concentration, and {plus_minus}2 to 3% for 2500 to 25,000 ppm) are required to analyze the boric acid solution manually. In theory, the boron concentration in a wide range can be measured, and boron has a constant-temperature function. A density hydrometer method that facilitates the treatment and calibration in high precision and at low cost was chosen. The vibration period generated when vibration is given to the solution specimen put in a U-tube is higher as the density is lower. On the basis of this theory, the density of a specimen can be obtained according to the relation with the same data of the known-concentration boric acid water. The high-concentration boric acid water that cannot be measured by the existing boron densitometer can be measured directly. It can also be measured in a low-concentration area. The technique can be used in a laboratory as the simplified method that is replaced by the current manual analysis. The reduction effect of analytical chemical`s waste liquid can also be expected. In the electric power industry, automated equipment is required for high efficiency and labor saving. 13 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Development of advanced coal cleaning process; Kodo sekitan kaishitsu gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osaka, S [Center for Coal Utilization, Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Akimoto, A; Yamashita, T [Idemitsu Kosan Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-09-01

    This paper aims to develop a clean coal production process which excellently removes environmental pollutant, is low-costed, and need no particular systems for distribution of products. The result of the development was described paying attention to column flotation which is a technology to high-efficiently select particulate regions, particulate heavy media cyclone, magnetic separation, and the basic design of the process into which those above were integrated. The two-stage selection process, which is an integration of column flotation and particulate heavy media cyclone into the conventional coal preparation equipment, can produce low-ash clean coal at high separation efficiency and also suppress the rise in processing cost. This process was also effective for removal of sulfur content and trace metal elements. The use of clean coal at power plant can be effective for not only the reduction in ash treatment amount, but the aspect of boiler operation characteristics such as heat transfer efficiency of boiler furnace wall, ash related troubles, loads of electrostatic precipitator, loads of flue gas desulfurization facilities. 17 figs., 5 tabs.

  8. Development of pressurized coal partial combustor; Kaatsu sekitan bubun nenshoro gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, T [Center for Coal Utilization, Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Kawamura, K [Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe (Japan); Tanaka, T [Chubu Electric Power Co. Inc., Nagoya (Japan); Muramatsu, T [Electric Power Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-09-01

    The coal partial combustor (CPC) uses a combustion technology with which coal is burned at elevated temperatures and under revolution, the constituents are captured on the furnace wall and removed as molten slag from the furnace. This is a combustion technology to reduce load of ash on subsequent devices. To generate a molten condition, it is necessary to raise the combustion temperature as high as possible (to about 1600 degC in the furnace), but this is effective for a gas turbine composite power generation system. An efficiency of higher than 45% may be expected at the power transmission terminal. As an operation on subsidy from the Agency of Natural Resources and Energy, the normal-pressure CPC technology has already been established, and a research on pressurized CPC is being progressed since fiscal 1991. The research is in progress with a schedule that elemental tests for 7 tons per day production are conducted until fiscal 1995, a 25 tons per day pilot plant will be completed by November 1997, and verification tests for long-term continuous operation will be implemented until 1998. The 7 tons per day elemental tests have identified gasification performance and slag extraction performance using five types of coal having different properties. 7 refs., 10 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. Development of pressurized internally circulating fluidized bed combustion technology; Kaatsu naibu junkan ryudosho boiler no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishihara, I [Center for Coal Utilization, Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Nagato, S; Toyoda, S [Ebara Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-09-01

    The paper introduced support research on element technology needed for the design of hot models of the pressurized internally circulating fluidized bed combustion boiler in fiscal 1995 and specifications for testing facilities of 4MWt hot models after finishing the basic plan. The support research was conduced as follows: (a) In the test for analysis of cold model fluidization, it was confirmed that each characteristic value of hot models is higher than the target value. Further, calculation parameters required for computer simulation were measured and data on the design of air diffusion nozzle for 1 chamber wind box were sampled. (b) In the CWP conveyance characteristic survey, it was confirmed that it is possible to produce CWP having favorable properties. It was also confirmed that favorable conveyability can be maintained even if the piping size was reduced down to 25A. (c) In the gas pressure reducing test, basic data required for the design of gas pressure reducing equipment were sampled. Specifications for the fluidized bed combustion boiler of hot models are as follows: evaporation amount: 3070kg/h, steam pressure: 1.77MPa, fuel supply amount: 600kg-coal/h, boiler body: cylinder shape water tube internally circulating fluidized bed combustion boiler. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  10. Development of a robot system for converter relining; Tenro chikuro robot system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, Y; Kurahashi, M [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-09-12

    In steelmaking plants, the relining work of converters requires plenty of manpower and time. Recently, the number of expert brick workers has decreased, and it has been difficult to get together the necessary number of workers for the converter relining. To solve these problems, a robot system has been developed and realized for the converter relining. The system consists of two intelligent robots and an automatic brick conveying machine. With visual function and flexibly controlled hands, the robot enables to heap up bricks in the same manner as expert workers do. The automatic brick conveying machine consists of roller conveyers and a cage lifter that convey bricks on palettes to the suitable position for the robot to easily handle. This robot system has enabled to save much labor for the converter relining. 8 figs.

  11. Development of a downhole seismic source with controlled waveform; Hakei seigyogata kochu shingen no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuroda, T; Ikawa, T [Japex Jeoscience Institute, Tokyo (Japan); Sato, T [Meiho Engineering Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Kakuma, H [Akashi Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Onuma, H [Engineering Advancement Association of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    A downhole seismic source which can output continuous waves having arbitrary waveforms was developed. The development was targeted to make tomographic exploration purposed to evaluate geological properties of a ground bed before and after constructing a building in a ground several hundred meters deep from the ground surface. The source is considered to be used in an environment consisting of soft rocks or more robust rocks and having no casing. It can be used in a well hole having a diameter of 100 mm, is capable of measuring P and S waves in a distance between well holes of up to 100 m, can be used at a depth of up to 500 m, and can output waveforms having seismic source spectra of up to 1000 Hz. An oscillation actuator using laminated piezo-electric elements was used for the oscillation element. The seismic source consists of a hydraulic device to clamp the equipment onto hole walls, piezo-electric elements as the oscillation element, and an inertia weight for applying vibration from above and below. To make an oscillation, the main body is first clamped on the hole wall. For horizontal oscillation, the piezo-electric elements contained in a clamping device provide the horizontal oscillation. For vertical oscillation, the piezo-electric elements placed below the main body oscillates the inertia weight. The initially targeted specifications have been achieved. 3 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  12. PV glass curtain walls; Kenzai ittaigata taiyo denchi gaiheki no kaihatsu (glass curtain wall eno tekiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, T.; Iwai, T.; Ouchi, T.; Ito, T.; Nagai, T.; Shu, I. [Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Arai, T. [Showa Shell Sekiyu K.K., Tokyo (Japan); Ishikawa, N.; Tazawa, K.

    1997-12-20

    Reported in this article are PV (photovoltaic) modules now under development for integration into building walls. First of all, the power generating capability of PV modules and appropriate use of the generated power are studied, and the performance (resistance to fire or incombustibility, strength and durability, appearance and design, and dimensional standardization) that such outer wall materials are to be equipped with are determined. Next, module development, installation technique, computer graphics-aided facade designing, and real size module-using proof test are studied before installability, the power to be generated, and designs are finalized. In the development of modules, design evaluation involves the combining of various kinds of glass, solar cells, back sheets, and fillers, and the importance is confirmed of the prevention of insulation degradation around the modules. As for the methods of installation, the gasket method and aluminum sash method, etc., are tested. In the study of facade design, it is found that various expressions are possible by properly choosing gasket colors, module types, and kinds of glass to cover the openings. 1 ref., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. FY 2000 report on the results of the regional consortium R and D project - Regional new technology creation R and D. First year report. R and D of medicine toxicity assessment use hepatocyte chip; 2000 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu / chiiki shingijutsu soshutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Dokubutsu dokusei hyokayo kansaibo chip no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Judging that in the beginning of the toxicity test, the necessary information/knowledge are acquired not by using animal itself but only by using liver system (hepatocyte), the development was proceeded with of the hepatocyte chip substituting for the animal experiment. Studies were made in the following five fields: 1) design of functional matrices; 2) development of the pharmacological assessment technology; 3) development of cell sensing technology/biosensor fabrication; 4) study of a possibility and the limit of cell patterning technology; 5) survey of the market scale. In 1), studies were made of the establishment of the 3D culture method for hepatocyte and the construction of hepatocyte models for medicine assessment using pieces of liver. In the latter, by including capsule using the sugar introduced with galactose residue which is special sugar of hepatocyte to alginic acid and chitosan which are natural polymer and also hepatocyte isolated into sponge, aggregate was formed, and its use as a medicine assessment use liver model was tried to be made. (NEDO)

  14. Demonstration technology development of new hydrogen energy; Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A phenomenon of excess heat generation through the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metals as electrode can be recognized as new hydrogen energy. Its mechanism has been investigated for four years since FY 1993. In FY 1993, the New Hydrogen Energy Demonstration Research Center and the New Hydrogen Energy Demonstration Laboratory were organized, and the research was initiated. For the excess heat generation demonstration model tests, two types of electrolysis experimental units were constructed, and the Pd/D-based electrolysis experiments were initiated. For the measurements of excess heat using an open type electrolysis cell, there were rather large errors ranging from -13% to +7%. It is necessary to improve the accuracy. For the measurements using a fuel cell type electrolysis cell, generation of the excess heat ranging from 0% to 6% was observed. For the validity of this, it is required to confirm the long-term stability of calibration and cell components. For the correlation between the increase in absorbing rate and the generation of excess heat, results of 2 to 3% lower were obtained. 28 refs., 89 figs., 26 tabs.

  15. Development of Fresnel lens for improvement of rear visibility; Shikai kojo Fresnel lens no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwamoto, K; Sanada, C; Tsukino, M [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Fresnel lenses have been widely used to increase the visual field around vehicles for drivers. However, internal reflection in these lenses has been an obstacle in producing dear images. This internal glow is generated by incident light from an unexpected direction reflecting on the non-lens surface or radiating from the non-lens surface of the Fresnel lens. The cause of internal glow has been made dear combining louver film with the lens. The newly developed technology removes obstacles in producing dear images by reducing internal glow. 7 figs.

  16. Development of film antenna for diversity reception; Diversity taio film antenna no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shigeta, K; Taniguchi, T; Kubota, K [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Based on the principle of capacitance-loaded window antennas, a new film antenna construction pasting an antenna element on a defogger element printed on a rear window was found. The film antennas show high reception performance, and can be used as television diversity antennas or a VICS-FM multiplex antenna. This paper describes the antenna design concept, the antenna construction and the application to a recreational vehicle which styling is 1.3-Box wagon for the electric accessory. 2 refs., 11 figs.

  17. Development of lane change aid system; Lane change aid system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uemura, H; Yoshida, T; Butsuen, T [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan); Sakai, N; Nakano, T; Nakamoto, T

    1997-10-01

    We have developed a lane change aid system, which detects vehicles behind in adjacent lanes with CCD images, shows the driver the information of vehicle location with a head-up display, and warns him/her if necessary. By comparing the brightness on two CCD images, distance distribution along several CCD lines is measured. To assure the effective vehicle detection on public roads, we have developed a detection algorithm which distinguishes vehicles and guard-rails by observing the patterns of measured distances. We will show the system configuration, detection logic, and the system evaluation on public road. 5 refs., 12 figs.

  18. Development of application technology of ultrasonic wave sensor; Choonpa sensor oyo gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosoya, H; Hikita, N; Sasaki, H; Kore, H [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    We have developed parking assist system, which informs a driver the closing point and distance to the objects such as other vehicle, wall and pole around the own vehicle at parking area and makes parking maneuverability easy. This system is based on the range detection technology using ultrasonic wave sensor. We have improved the detecting ability in short range of about 20cm by reducing the reverberation of transmitting wave signal and controlling sensitivities of signal intensity and threshold line. We will show mainly the improvement of short range detection of ultrasonic wave sensor, and briefly the performance of parking assist system. 1 ref., 14 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Development of hot water utilizing power plants in fiscal 1999. Development of technology to collect geothermal resources in great depths/Development of technology to excavate geothermal resources in great depths (Designing whole development); 1999 nendo nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu (zentai kaihatsu sekkei)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Technological development has been made on excavation of geothermal wells, which are dense, hard, and high in temperature and pressure, in developing geothermal resources in great depths. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. This fiscal year has performed the excavation test using an actual well to verify the reliability in practical use of the developed heat-resistant and durable bit. The test was executed by using a bit with a diameter of 8-1/2 inches in a ground bet having a maximum temperature of 300 degrees C in the Yamakawa geothermal field. As a result, good site evaluation was obtained that the wear and tear after lift-up showed no problems, and sufficient performance was verified in the drilling rate and durability. In addition, the low specific gravity cement for high temperature use that has been newly developed was given a cement mixing test to identify its workability at site and hardening properties, at a test well with a temperature of about 40 degrees C in the Okiri geothermal field. The actual well test was performed in a large-scale lost water occurred in a return well during an excavation by Nittestu-Kagoshima Geothermal Company. Effects were recognized in measures to prevent water loss. (NEDO)

  20. Development of mechanical shield docking method; MSD (mekanikaru/shirudo/dokkingu) koho no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokota, I. [Tokyo Metroplitan Government Water Supply Bureau, Tokyo (Japan); Watanabe, T.; Hagiwara, H. [Shimizu Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Nishitake, S. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Endo, M. [Obayashi Corp., Osaka (Japan)

    1993-09-20

    For the construction works of underground tunnels, mainly the shield method has so far been adopted, but in order to make underground junction of shield machines, the method of utilizing a shaft or the method of improving the earth by the auxiliary methods such as chemical feeding have been adopted. However, either method has restriction for its practical application. The MSD method uses no auxiliary method at all, can join directly two shield machines mechanically underground, has high water stoppability at its junction, is applicable for either of shield machines of slush type or mud pressure type, and is the method to solve totally various problems in the existing joining methods. This method is the one that two shield machines, one on the out-pushing side and another on the in-receiving side, progress from both sides and face each other, then the both are joined mechanically for unification by pushing a steel penetration ring built-in the out-pushing shield machine to the rubber ring built-in the penetration chamber of the in-receiving shield machine. After joining, the shield machines are disassembled for removal leaving the junction only, and the secondary lining is done with concrete. 6 figs.

  1. Development of remote controlled blasting system for tunnels; Tunnel yo enkaku seigyo happa system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Kawamura, M.; Hirosaki, Y. [NOF Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-06-30

    A downsized wireless blasting system has been developed for tunnel construction in the mountainous districts. This system consists of an oscillator, loop antenna, and initiator. The ac magnetic field is generated in the loop antenna using 550 Hz ac generated by the oscillator, to induce the electro motive force between both ends of receiver coil in the initiator. It is stored in the capacitor after rectification, to initiate the detonator by discharging with the firing signal. This system has been developed by downsizing the conventional RCB (remote controlled blasting system) for underwater blasting, and unmanned operation is planned in future. An oscillation frequency, 550 Hz with an actual result has been adopted. The arm length of loop antenna is 3 m, which can be installed in the tunnel. Various receiver initiators were fabricated as a trial. A convex type was adopted due to its excellent receiving performance. The receiving performance was improved by increasing the magnetic induction and decreasing the power loss. After receiving voltage of the receiver initiator was confirmed, field initiation tests were conducted. Initiating and blasting were successfully carried out. 5 refs., 15 figs., 3 tabs.

  2. Power conditioner without isolation transformer; Toransuresu power conditioner no shohin kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okado, C; Itami, T; Kimoto, K [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A light-weight downsized and high efficiency transformer-less type 4 kW power conditioner (inverter) has been developed. This power conditioner insures the system interconnection protection by monitoring the voltage of two single-phase three-line circuits. The power conditioner has weight of 17.5 kg and efficiency of 94%. Potential fluctuation of photovoltaic cells due to the switching of power devices at the inverter was reduced. Output capacity was reduced in the low input voltage range. Outflow of DC component was prevented in high accuracy by usually correcting the zero point drift of detector, and by using the current detector with excellent linearity. To detect the DC ground fault, and to trip the output side breaker locating at the ground fault current pass, a zero phase converter detection circuit has been developed, by which the DC component can be detected at the DC input side. As a result of performance verification, the efficiency, power factor, EMI level, protection of outflow of DC component, protection of ground fault, protection of single operation detection, and noise level were satisfied. This system is prospective for the diffusion of photovoltaic power generation in the future. 3 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  3. FY 1998 result report on development of superconductive power application technologies. Pt. 1. Research and development of superconductive wire materials / Research of a total system / Research and development of a freezing system / Demonstration tests; 1998 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Superconductive technologies are introduced into electric power devices for attempts of achieving higher stabilization, density and efficiency, as well as size and weight reduction and improvement in performance of the devices. The project has been worked on since fiscal 1998 as part of the New Sunshine Project. Fiscal 1998 being the eleventh year has taken the following subjects as the research promotion policies: establishment of plans targeted at accomplishment of the goals of the project; adequate and reliable implementation of verification of technological assignments; and steady and efficient demonstration tests. Subsequent to the previous year during which site demonstration tests were completed on a low-speed responsive model machine, the site demonstration test has begun on the ultra high-speed responsive model machine as the final stage of the project. The ultra high-speed responsive model machine was coupled with a freezing system and a load synchronizing machine, and different kinds of test were carried out where good results were obtained. Researches were conducted on characteristics improvement and device element technologies aimed at achieving the practical application level by utilizing the respective features of AC metal-based wires and oxide-based wires, where sound results were obtained. Also in an improved freezing system, valuable data were attained as part of establishing the basic technologies for a superconductive power generation system. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1996 on the research and development of superconductor technology to power generation. Pt. 1. Research and development of superconducting wire, generator, total system, and refrigeration system; and verification test; 1996 nendo chodendo denryoku oyo gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1. Chodendo senzai no kenkyu kaihatsu, chodendo hatsudenki no kenkyu kaihatsu, total system no kenkyu, reito system no kenkyu kaihatsu, jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    In the research and development of superconducting wires, studies are conducted to increase the current capacity of NbTi and Nb{sub 3}Sn metal wires and to improve their properties, and to increase the current capacity of oxide materials and improve their performance making full use of the features of each manufacturing method. In the development of superconducting generators, a slow excitation response type is tested for verification, and a good result is attained; and a quick excitation response type is tested for field winding static excitation, and good performance is exhibited. Using the results so far achieved, the 200,000kW class pilot machine concept design is reviewed. In the study of total systems, feasibility is studied of a quench test for the 70,000kW class machine through simulation analyses, etc. In the development of refrigeration systems, efforts are exerted to improve on the conventional type in terms of reliability and to further improve on the improved version in terms of performance and space-saving feature. One of the endeavors involves the development of a He Brayton cycle turbine driven compressor. A multilayer cylindrical rotor is verified in terms of functions, characteristics, reliability and durability, and various data are collected toward the development of a pilot machine. (NEDO)

  5. Synthesis of new erodable polymers response to environmental stimuli; Atarashii kankyo chowagata bunkaisei plastic no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, M; Nagasaki, Y [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Industrial Science and Technology

    1997-02-01

    This report relates to the designing of functional materials that decompose in response to various signals. A derivative of {alpha}-bromomethylstyrene is caused to act on the living anions of {alpha}-methylstyrene for the synthesis of a pyrolytic polymer having unsaturated groups at its terminals. The terminal double combinations of this polymer split under the influence of heat, acid, or base for depolymerization which is quantative, and the decomposition temperature may be controlled by replacing terminal phenylallylic groups with methyl groups or phloro-groups. Furthermore, a novel polythyramine polymer is synthesized with its principal chain constituted of NCH2CH2Si, the principal chain easy to disintegrate when exposed to an electron beam. The polymer is signal-responsive and may be patterned by use of an electron beam. As a temperature-responsive polymer with the hydrolytic feature controlled, poly(thyroxy ethylene glycol) is obtained from a derivative of diaminosiloxane and oligo-oxyethylene. This is a high-mobility, temperature-responsive material whose hydrolysis may be controlled. 3 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Development of practical diet for aquaculture of Japanese flounder; Gyofun wo sakutenshita hirameyo shiryo no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kikuchi, K.; Furuta, T.

    2000-07-01

    Feeding experiments were conducted to examine the potential use of defatted soybean meal (SBM) in combinations with blood meal (BM), corn gluten meal (CGM) and freeze dried meat of blue mussel (BMM) as a partial replacement of fish meal (FM) in the diet of Japanese flounder. Availability of CGM in combinations with BM and/or BMM was also examined. Juvenile fish of about 4 g in initial body weight were fed diets to satiation twice daily, 6 days per week for 8 weeks at 20 degree C in both feeding experiments. Weight gain of fish fed diet replacing 45% FM protein with SBM was not different from that of fish fed the control diet containing FM as a protein source, however, feed efficiency (FE) in fish fed the SBM diet was significantly lower. Growth and feed performance of fish fed diet replacing 45% FM protein with SBM and BM were comparable to those of fish the control diet. Inclusion of 5% BMM for equal amount of SBM in the SBM-BM diet improved the growth and FE of the flounder remarkably and both values were significantly higher than those in the control. Replacing 55% of FM protein with SBM and CGM or SBM and BM resulted in poor growth performance. There were not marked differences in hematological characteristics together with proximate composition of the whole body of cultured fish fed the dietary treatments. Weight gain and FE of fish fed diet replacing 40% FM protein with CGM were inferior to those of fish fed the control diet containing FM as a protein source. Replacement of 40% FM protein with CGM and BM made those parameters worse. Inclusion of BMM in CGM-BM diet did not improve the growth of fish. Adverse effects of replacing FM protein with CGM and/or CGM and BM were stronger with increasing replacement level. These results indicate that SBM is highly available as alternative protein source for fish meal in the diet of Japanese flounder. SBM in combination with BM successfully replace about 45% of FM protein in the diet without supplemental amino acids. Furthermore, it is suggested that more replacement can be attained with inclusion of 5% BMM in the SBM diet. CGM is not considered to be useful ingredient on practical bases. (author)

  7. Jet engine R and D and I; Watashi to jet engine kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murashima, K. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-06-10

    My efforts towards at the development of aeroengines since the end of the war are described. The J3-7 engine propelled the T1 trainer plane, and was installed as booster aboard the P2J antisubmarine patrol aircraft. It was the first jet engine that Japan produced after the end of the war, and had been in use until quite recently. I took part in the construction of a prototype of the JR100 series designed to serve as VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft lift engines, and in the test thereof. As the shift from turbojet to turbofan proceeded, I participated in the development of the FJR710 engine under the guidance of National Aerospace Laboratory, and the product was installed aboard an experimental STOL (short take-off and landing) aircraft Asuka. I next joined a Defense Agency initiative for a reheat turbofan to replace the J3 aboard trainer plane, and the result was the low bypass ratio/high output F3 engine. In 1989, Ministry of International Trade and Industry decided for a large-scale project of developing an engine for a next-generation supersonic transport, and the HYPR (Super/Hypersonic Transport Propulsion System) project was started. The project was participated in by manufacturers from overseas, which were GE, P and W, RR, and SNECMA. The foreign corporations worked on an equal footing with the Japanese parties, and collaboration between the participants was smooth, with each party endeavoring in the field they were good at. The project will be concluded as scheduled in fiscal 1998. (NEDO)

  8. Assessment report on the development of functionally inclined material; Keisha kinosei zairyo no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Concerning a project whose aim is to develop heat resistant engine members through the application of the concept of functionally inclined materials, deliberation and assessment are made of the meaning of its implementation, validity of the research program, research achievement, etc. The project deals with a specimen, diameter 150mm or more and thickness 5mm or more, built of a zirconia/stainless steel-based functionally inclined material, and its goal is to develop technologies for optimizing the baking process for the said specimen, baking system and related devices, assessment technique, tribological assessment technique, etc., and it is inferred that these targets are reasonable. As the result of this research, an energy-efficient (power consumption reduced to 1/3 to 1/5) practical rapid sintering system is constructed. Basic data are collected relative to the tribology of the functionally inclined material, and it is proved that it is feasible to use the material for engine members. The process technology, assessment technology, and devices developed under this project are the first in the world, and are highly evaluated. (NEDO)

  9. Study on development of adsorbent of acetaldehyde; Acetaldehyde yo kyuchakuzai no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noda, T. [Nippon Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Suzuki, M. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science

    1997-07-10

    The adsorption of acetaldehyde by porous ceramics impregnated with hydrazinium aluminum sulfate (HAS) is studied. Silicagel, activated alumina, activated clay, and activated carbon are compared, and it is found that silicagel and activated clay are suitable as a substrate for HAS impregnated adsorbent. The adsorption mechanism of acetaldehyde by the adsorbent is believed to be one in which acetaldehyde reacts with hydrazinium and yields acetaldazine. The adsorption capacity of the adsorbent at low acetaldehyde concentration of 0.1 ppm was as large as 1.36 mol/kg. This adsorption capacity at 0.1 ppm acetaldehyde concentration is remarkably larger than that of conventional activated carbon. Hydrazinium decomposes easily in the air because it is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxygen or carbon dioxide. But hydrazinium impregnated on porous ceramics with HAS becomes more stable and maintains reactivity with acetaldehyde for longer than six months. An adsorbent made of porous ceramics impregnated with HAS is useful as a deodorant for acetaldehyde. 8 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  10. Demonstration technology development of new hydrogen energy; Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This report describes results of the study on the excess heat generation phenomenon during the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metals as electrode in FY 1995. For the measurements of excess heat using an open type electrolysis cell during the excess heat generation demonstration model tests, significant excess heat beyond the range of input was not measured both for ICARUS-1 and for ICARUS-2. For the measurements using a fuel cell, high absorbing rate more than 0.85 was stably achieved for highly pure Pd electrode material by heat treatment and surface treatment. The excess heat could be reproduced for plural tests. The heat recovery rate more than 98% was obtained using the NHE type flow calorimetric system. The excess heat measurements using this are examined. For the reactive palladium materials, various materials ranging from single crystal to cold working polycrystal materials were systematically used for the absorbing experiments. Benchmark tests were also conducted through the cooperation with related researchers. 18 refs., 135 figs., 28 tabs.

  11. Current status and future of space development; Uchu kaihatsu no genjo to shorai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matokawa, Y. [Institute of the Space and Astronautical Science, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Space development has an aspect of contributing to livelihoods. Various types of satellites, such as those for weather forecasting, TV broadcasting, international communication (telephone and internet systems), and GPS-aided car navigation, have been already launched. Space science of the 20th century roughly tells the history of some 15 billion years from the big bang to birth of mankind as a spectacular story. The international space station, construction of which is to be started in 1998, should drastically enlarge man`s experiences in the universe. The space activity plans for the future draw various dreams, such as spaceplane, lunar base, solar generator satellite, Mars base, space colony, skyhook, and so on. Dreams of mankind have been eventually realized in the past history. It is time to deliberately assess what are meant by the space development of the 20th century, and to review ideal directions of the space development for the next 100 or 1000 years. 6 figs.

  12. NEDO Forum 2000. Industrial technology development session; Sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu session

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    This session presented the following subjects: I. IT innovation, II. Bio-seminar, III. Nano-technology, IV. Machine technology seminar, and V. 'Development subsidy project to put industrial technologies into practical use'. The theme in I relates to (1) influence of IT innovation on the society, (2) the theory of semiconductor evolution, (3) the theory of liquid crystal evolution, and (4) the theory of disk evolution. The theme II searches (1) how far have bio-technologies come?, (2) search of human evolution from genes, (3) can human being live up to 150 years by bio-technologies?, and (4) what is a DNA array (chip)?. The theme III covers (1) product innovation in polymers (new polymeric materials brought about by polymer nano-technology, taking polyolefin as an example), and (2) creation of ceramics materials by using nano-technologies. The theme IV relates to (1) ITS changes the car society into this way, (2) the current status and outlook on research and development of micro-machine technologies, and (3) the futuristic society and new industries opened by the Humanoid project. The theme V describes (1) practical application of ultra-small medical device production technologies, (2) development of next generation semiconductor manufacturing resists, (3) development for practical application of an optical brain function imaging device, and (4) development for practical application of new screening technologies toward creation of medicines using genome. (NEDO)

  13. Development of ultra-low pressure reverse osmosis membranes; Choteiatsu gyakushintomaku no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirose, M.; Ito, H.; Ohara, T. [Nitto Denko Corp., Osaka (Japan)

    1998-06-05

    Described herein is development of ultra-low pressure reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. The composite RO membrane, which is now widely used, has a cross-sectional structure consisting of an ultrafilter membrane as the support and a very thin skin layer responsible for filtration. It is confirmed that the skin layer is of a pleated structure. Growing this structure can greatly accelerate permeation of water without damaging arresting and durability characteristics of the membrane, and hence is a desired approach. Utilization of molecular structure simulation of the skin layer materials is investigated by the molecular dynamics. The results show that the stable structure of the material for the skin layer in the RO membrane is a network structure with regularly arranged honeycombs, when it should arrest at least 99% of salt. These techniques serve as the bases for development of the ultra-low pressure RO membranes (ES Series), where the skin layer is made of cross-linked, totally aromatic polyamide. The membrane passes twice as large a quantity of water as the conventional one, is highly resistant to chemicals, and arrests 99.7% of salt. 3 refs., 4 figs.

  14. CAE for the development of two-wheeled vehicles. Nirinsha kaihatsu no tame no CAE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirose, T. (Suzuki Motor Co. Ltd., Shizuoka (Japan))

    1992-11-01

    Applications of CAE to the development of two-wheeled vehicles were outlined. The performance estimation program for 4-cycle engines featured by its easy execution was presented illustrating an estimation model and estimated results, and the FEM generator for strength/rigidity analysis CAE indicating analytical examples of a piston and frame which is featured by easy formation of models and easy execution of advanced analyses by beginners. The vibration analysis system to estimate exciting forces from engine specifications and to estimate vibration levels of bodies with FEM models was also presented together with the estimation system of rider's vibration sensitivity. Furthermore, the noise suppression/ exhaust pressure calculation program to support muffler designs by simultaneous calculation was presented together with the thermal flow analysis program featured by easy calculation with more suitable models illustrating the analytical example of thermal flow in a large luggage box. 7 refs., 15 figs.

  15. Development of lowdrag aerodynamically stable with indented processing; Indento kako wo hodokoshita seishin keburu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hojo, T.; Yamazaki, S.; Okada, H.

    1998-10-29

    A wind-resistant design of cables for large cable-stayed bridges is required as a measure against rain-wind induced vibration. In such bridges, many cables are arranged in a short pitch, which causes a large drag force on the cables. Therefore, reduction of drag force on cables is essential for rationalizing bridge design, as well as restraint of vibration. This paper describes studies on a new cable having both a low drag co-efficient force and rain-vibration suppressing effects. Through many investigations using wind tunnel tests, an indented cable was developed as a countermeasure against rain-wind induced vibration, and finally it was applied to the Tatara Bridge which is the largest cable-stayed bridge in the world. (author)

  16. Technical research and development of long-spanned bridges; Chodai kyoryo no gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakai, F.; Yamanaka, M.; Ogawa, K.; Mizukami, Y.; Kano, J.; Watanabe, K. [Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe (Japan)

    1996-10-15

    Outlined herein is technical development of long-spanned bridges represented by suspension and cable-stayed bridges. The design of long-spanned bridges requires theoretical analysis of flexibility in which balance after they are deformed by load is taken into consideration. The matrix finite displacement analysis program is developed for optimizing cable-stayed bridge designs and determining suspension bridge shapes as the new major functions. The analysis program, named KASTAN, is also developed for stress analysis of the structure details. A wind tunnel for structure designs is installed to analyze resistance to wind. A number of experiments have been carried out by the tunnel for the designs of segment, main tower and overall bridge models. The means of controlling wind-caused vibration include hydraulic dampers, mass dampers, and combination of high damping rubber and spacer. Cable-stayed bridges are highly flexible, their types being selected by tower height and shape, span ratio and shape of the main beam, and cable position. These bridges constructed by the company include the S-shaped ones whose main beams are supported by cables suspended by two towers of different height, and the others with H-shape towers of high columns which are connected to each other by horizontal beams. 11 refs., 15 figs.

  17. Fiscal 1990 technological survey report. Report on NEDO's 10th anniversary international symposium (New energy and global environment); NEDO soritsu 10 shunen kinen kokusai symposium hokokusho. Shin energy to chikyu kankyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-10-03

    Two lectures were given by Christopher Flavin (vice president for Research, Worldwatch Institute Inc.) and Hiroshi Takeuchi (chairman, LTCB Consulting and Research Institute Inc.), and a panel discussion was held by five panelists with Toyoaki Ikuta (The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan) as the coordinator. The themes were 'a sustainable energy strategy for the nineties', 'industrial structure change and energy problem', and 'new energy and the global environment'. The panelists were from Sweden, France, Thailand, U.S.A., and Japan. The main subject was energy security, in which discussion was held on the uneven distribution of oil resources in the Middle East and political instability in the region and on counter measures against global warming problem. The discussion on the latter subject showed that a limitation exists in the total consumption of fossil fuel in the world, and that energy policies were meaningless unless they were on a global scale. As the concrete measures, energy conservation technologies and regenerative energy utilization technologies need to be developed and spread, for which emphasized was the spread on a global scale, namely, the necessity of international cooperation and an international propulsion system. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Kamoto Town area. Feasibility study; 2001 nendo Kamoto machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo fijibiriti hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the realization of 'the introduction of biomass of animal manure/garbage,' an important item in 'the new energy vision of the Kamoto Town area (Kumamoto Prefecture),' a feasibility study was conducted. For the resource retrieval of animal manure, etc., only composting is generally conducted. In this project, however, two projects are combinedly conducted: project for producing biogas (main component: methane gas) and liquid fertilizer and project for producing compost. The project pursues the reduction in running cost by self-sufficiency of energy and the environmental preservation by recovery of methane gas. The plant for producing biogas and liquid fertilizer consists of garbage crusher, storage tank, anaerobic fermentation tank and generator. The plant for producing compost consists of solid liquid separator, fermentation tank, agitator and smell remover. In the feasibility study, the following were carried out: study of the establishment of specifications/selection of the necessary conditions for a plant tentatively named the Kamoto Town Biomass Center, study of the proposed site for plant, survey of the financial plan, survey of the operational system, study of the project promotion system, etc. (NEDO)

  19. Protect and bring up forest of Kuse Town. New energy vision at Kuse Town area; 2001 nendo Kuse cho chiiki shin energy vision. Kuse no mori to machi wo mamori sodateru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Kuse Town in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the current situation of energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the idea of introducing new energies, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumption in Kuse Town is 304,768 MWh/year, and the amount of carbon dioxide discharge associated therewith is 22,300 t-C. Regarding the energy consumption by departments, the industrial department accounts for 40%, followed by the transportation department accounting for 30%. The basic new energy introduction ideas have discussed town resident enlightenment and town resident participation projects, bio-mass energy utilization, such as bark combustion plant, procurement of wood resources remaining in forest, ligneous pellet and transportation fuel manufacture, utilization of edible oil into diesel fuel, introduction of photovoltaic power generation at public facilities and places of refuge, introduction of solar heat utilization system into public facilities and homes, large size wind power generation project, introduction of small size wind power generation into road illumination and places of refuge at disaster, small hydro-energy utilization system, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles and fuel cells. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the initial-stage survey of the new energy vision of the Izumi city area; 2001 nendo Izumi shi chiiki shin energy vision shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Izumi City, Osaka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy consumption, existence amount of new energy, subjects in utilization of new energy, etc. The energy consumption amount of the city is increasing mostly in electric power in the residential sector, but is decreasing in the business sector and industrial sector. It is leveling off in the transportation sector, but only the consumption amount of gasoline is markedly increasing. In the potential amount of new energy utilization in the city, the rate of solar energy/clean energy vehicles was high. As a result of the study, the following were made clear: It is effective to introduce new energy mostly used for citizen such as the household use photovoltaic power system/solar heat use hot water supplier/hybrid private car. Of waste energy, wind energy, biomass energy and temperature difference energy, it is effective for city to take the initiative in introducing them. It is effective for city/proprietor to introduce the natural gas cogeneration. (NEDO)

  1. Leading European nations` policy toward new energy. Report on the regular interchange with energy-related organizations in Europe, fiscal 1997; Europe shuyokoku no shin energy seisaku. 1997 nendo Europe energy kanren kikan tono teiki koryu hokoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    This is a detailed report on a 2-week tour made in May, 1997, as part of the `9th regular interchange with energy-related organizations in Europe,` during which tour visits were paid to energy agencies and institutes of Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, and France, and on-site investigations were conducted. The text describes, taking reference to a rich stock of data it carries, the nature, politics and economy, demand for energy, policy toward new energy, for each of the host countries. In the European countries, with the exception of France, efforts are being exerted to introduce new energy and to enhance its application, renewable energy in particular, in place of atomic power. The expectation they entertain toward new energy is far extensive than that of Japan which retains atomic power generation. Although wind power generation enjoys the overwhelming popularity over others, yet, in Germany and Sweden, it will be difficult for this technology to take the place of atomic power generation completely. As for photovoltaic power generation, not so much is expected from this technology as in Japan because of their climate and weather. 67 figs., 10 tabs.

  2. Survey report of FY 1996 on the questionnaires related to new energies for local governments in Kinki district; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho (shin energy ni kansuru Kinki chiiki jichitai anketo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The photovoltaic (PV) power generation system having a lot of merits for environment and energy has been put into a diffusion stage from the viewpoint of its technology due to its progressive technology innovation. However, it is not widely diffused in the whole society due to its high cost. Systematic investigation for the future PV power generation was conducted through the verification of factors obstructing the diffusion promotion and the investigation of the problems. Then, questionnaires were conducted for local governments in the Kinki district. Proportion of the local governments positively promoting the introduction of PV power generation was 3.4%. Among new energies, 45.7% of the governments were interested in solar heat utilization, and 43.1% were interested in PV power generation. Proportion of the local governments understanding the subsidy system of MITI was 57.7%. For the explanation meeting of new energy introduction promotion, 55.4% of the local governments wanted to participate. Among the interesting themes, 61.0% were interested in the introduction examples, 52.4% were in the introduction support, 52.1% were in the introduction of fundamental knowledge, and 30.0% were in the latest technology trends and in the guide for introduction

  3. Report on the survey of the project for working out the new energy vision of Shinjo Village. New energy vision of Shinjo Village; 2001 nendo Shinjo son shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shinjo Village, Okayama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was estimated at 1,442.5kL in terms of crude oil. The rate of energy source was 48% of automobile use fuel, 25% of electric power, 20% of kerosene and 7% of LPG. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: power generation by direct combustion/gasification of wood biomass such as forest trees; power generation/heat utilization using agricultural waste such as rice straw/hull; production/utilization of wood pellet; introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat utilization system to tourist facilities/welfare facilities such as the village office/elementary school/junior high school/michi-no-eki (service area along the road); introduction of clean energy vehicle to tourist resort; introduction of street light with solar panel/wind power generator/storage cell; introduction of micro hydraulic power generation. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1987. Investigative studies on arranging commercializing conditions for new energy technologies; 1987 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The present investigative studies are intended to propose measures of arranging conditions required to commercialize new energy technologies and introduce them into societies. The investigative studies will begin in the current fiscal to put into a complex the new energy industrial plants and the existing different industrial plants. There is a viewpoint that, when structuring specifically a business entity on coal liquefaction processes, some kind of complex is required as seen from the scale and economic performance of the business. Based on this viewpoint, the current fiscal year has carried out the studies placing the importance on technological feasibility for forming a complex with petroleum refining, iron and steel making, chemical and electric power generation industries. The model coal liquefaction plant uses the NEDOL method as the process, and establishes specifications for commercial size plants. The complex formation was discussed with the commercial scale of a coal liquefaction plant assumed to be 30,000 tons per day as the coal treatment quantity and 100,000 barrels per day as the product quantity converted into refined coal liquefied oil. As a result, a conclusion was drawn that, when the complex formation has been done successfully, an attractive business pattern may be formed although some problems may exist. (NEDO)

  5. Regional new energy vision for Kamaishi City. Energy to create community's future out of natural resources; 2001 nendo Kamaishi shi chiiki shin energy vision. Megumi kara machi no mirai wo tsukuru energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kamaishi City, Iwate Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumed 5,334 times 10{sup 12}J in fiscal 1999, which amount occupied 0.034% of the nation-wide consumption. Concerning the total consumed by the city, the manufacturing sector was responsible for 36% and the transportation sector for 24%. Oil provided 60% of the energy, and electric power 24%. These percentages were similar to those found across the nation. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions was estimated to be equivalent to 463-million kg-CO2. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which included photovoltaic power generation for primary and junior high school buildings, the new city office, road signs along the municipal roads, and the harbor area; hybrid photovoltaic/wind power generation for a newly built fish market; solar heat utilization for heating frozen roads; wind power generation for the Wayama and Naranoki stock farms and for the harbor area; and a business for utilizing waste heat discharged by Kamaishi City's Eco-Town project. (NEDO)

  6. New energy visions for the Town of Naie district. Human-friendly Town of Naie City by environment-friendly energies; Naiemachi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo ni yasashii energy ga tsukuru hito ni yasashii machi Naie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Naie, Sorachi-gun in Hokkaido, where the industrial sector (manufacturing industries) consumes more than 60% of the total energy consumption. By energy type, oil and others account for 80%. When arranged in the order of expected recoverable quantity, the new energies for the town include utilization of solar energy, photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, and utilization of wastes, biomass energy (agricultural products) and snow energy. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are for health and welfare, clearing and utilization of snow, environmental education and bringing up talented persons, supporting the related entrepreneurs, and integration of new energy with promotion of energy-saving movement. The priority projects the town plans to promote include utilization of biogas and temperature-differential energy for the town's water purification center; foundation of the Naie eco-school; and drawing conceptions for utilization of underground heat, utilization of low-temperature and snow/ice energy, co-energy around the spa of Naie, and mega-solar and eco-park at the Sorachi housing complex. (NEDO)

  7. New energy vision of the Chuo town area. Creation of the town of good rapport and the environment; 2001 nendo Okayama ken Chuo cho chiiki shin energy vision. Fureai to junkan no machidukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Chuo Town, Okayama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the state of energy utilization of the town, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount in Chuo Town was estimated at 68,482 drums in terms of oil drum, and the amount of CO2 emitted from these was 13,287 t-CO2. To reduce this, the introduction of new energy and energy conservation were studied. As a result, the following were indicated as measures to be originally taken: introduction of solar light/solar heat use equipment to general households; installation of the regional cooperation power plant; each household's keeping of a household account book for the environment; introduction of energy-saving navigation device; activities for preservation of forest/terraced paddy field; ticket for exchange of forest volunteer work for products derived from the forest; campaign for composting of garbage using corrugated cardboard; recovery/recycle of waste cooking oil; full-of-flower gardening 500 movement; regionally consistent environmental education of parent/child participating type; introduction of micro hydraulic turbine; manufacture of products from thinnings by biomass lumber drying; expansion of special products of the area; method of the environmental management, etc. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1994 report on the survey and research of introduction, promotion of proliferation and guidance on new energy introduction. Pt. 2; 1994 nendo shin energy donyu fukyu sokushin shido ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Survey, collection and analysis were performed on different items of information required for new energy technologies. Studies were carried out to structure a system to support smooth execution of technical guidance and consultation. Among the project areas for field tests on photovoltaic power generation systems for public facilities, measurements were executed on hourly power demand in facilities in snowy and cold districts with little data available. In putting different items of information into a database, data were collected and put into order for the following items: statistics on average value for ten years of insolation time in 842 locations nationwide, calculation of insolation on slanted surface at the insolation measuring points (slanting angles and insolation on the slanted surface at which energy amount available for power generation is maximized in a year, as obtained by estimating the insolation on horizontal surface from the insolation duration), and expansion and addition of the introduction examples. Specifications for solar cell modules and inverters were classified and put into order, and so were on types, specifications, and product descriptions for photovoltaic power generation systems for individuals' houses. The aid system structured in the previous year was discussed for improvement, and new information was put into a database to improve the aid system. (NEDO)

  9. Report on regional new energy vision for Kawara town. Toward the creation of eco-symbiotic community (simplified version); Kawaracho chiiki shin energy vision gaiyoban. Kankyo kyoseigata shakai no sozo ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawara town, Fukuoka Prefecture, in the hope that the industry, administration, and citizenry will be concerned with each other for the realization of an eco-symbiotic community. The fruits of endeavors exerted for this purpose are described in seven chapters, which are (1) the outline of surveys, (2) local characteristics of Kawara town, (3) policy toward introducing new energy, (4) measures for introducing new energy, (5) study of model projects, (6) introduction of new energy into Kawara town, and (7) efforts to realize the introduction. Described in chapter (5) are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into primary and junior high schools, heat supply business utilizing waste heat from a plant, energy conservation at administration buildings, development of an activities program for people to learn energy related matters, and the results of studies conducted on the respective model projects. Concerning the activities program, several applications are considered, dependent upon who are to implement the program: volunteer students, local community leaders, experts, or administration officials. For the initial stage of learning under the program, a system is built under which experts, local community leaders, primary and junior highschool children, and their teachers cooperate with each other under the leadership of a project coordinator. (NEDO)

  10. FY 2000 Drawing new energy vision for Town of Setana. Report on results of the survey for construction of floating windmill; 2000 nendo Setanacho shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Yojo fusha kensetsu jigyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The survey/study is conducted for the project of constructing floating windmill as the new energy vision for the Town of Setana district, Hokkaido, and the FY 2000 results are reported. Wind power density is 581.7W/m{sup 2}, as revealed by the surveys on wind conditions, which by far exceeds the manual standard of 215W/m{sup 2} at a height of 20m, suggesting that the site is very promising. The windmill capacities investigated are 600 and 1,200kW class for the unit to be connected to the distribution system, and 1,500kW class for the one to be connected to the special, high-voltage transmission system. The 1,200kW class unit can annually produce power of 4,780MWh, based on the average wind velocity, which corresponds to 34.1% of the annual consumption in the town. The economic studies indicate that construction of 2-600kW class windmill units on the dolphin base at the immediately back of the breakwater is most economically advantageous, at a construction cost of 575 thousand yen/kW, which translates into a power production cost of 13.24 yen/kWh, based on interest rate of 4%/y and service life of 17 years. The project will be feasible when NEDO supports half of the project expenses, because the cost would be reduced to 7.16 yen/kWh, which is below the price. (NEDO)

  11. New energy visions for City of Kuji. For an eco-energy town compatible with natural environments; Kujishi shin energy vision. Shizen to kyoseishita eco-energy town wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for City of Kuji, Iwate Pref. The city's Industrial structures comprise the primary industry (10.8%), secondary industry (34.3%) and tertiary industry (54.7%), mainly characterized by fishery, production of foods and wholesales/retail sales of beverages and foods. The energy is consumed approximately 2,424TJ by the domestic sector (592TJ), industrial sector (629TJ) and transportation sector (1,203TJ). The prospective new energy sources for the city include photovoltaic electric power, solar energy, wind power, clean-energy automobiles, and biomass. The projects selected for promoting introduction of the new energy sources in the city include those for waste treatment facilities, multi-purpose playground, industrial complex in the Kuji district, public facilities, new energy roads, compost center, supply of energy to the agriculture and forestry, underground aquarium/science museum, cleaning center, introduction of clean-energy automobiles, enlightenment of new energies, disaster prevention center, utilization of waste heat/water from garbage incineration, and eco-energy systems in Bay of Kuji. (NEDO)

  12. Building a network of flowers, green, and ocean. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Wada Town area (Chiba Prefecture); Hana midori umi no network zukuri. Wadacho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the idea of living together with well-blessed nature placed as the base of building the town, new energy utilization promoting measures were established spanning over ten years starting fiscal 2000. Specifically, the vision was established with the following points as the substance: introduction of new energy technologies into the agricultural and fishery industries as the basic district industry, initiative introduction into public facilities in consideration of repercussion effects brought about by the introduction, provision of energy related information by improving publicity magazines and information technologies, and expanded provision of environmental information collaborated with schools. Specific measures discussed include photovoltaic power generation, utilization of bio-mass energies made available from livestock excreta, and algae, utilization of hydro-energy through the improvement project of the Komukai dam, utilization of wind power energy and ocean wave power energy, and utilization of rape-seed oil as automotive fuel. Such educational activities will also be promoted actively as the setting of economy indexes, assistance to autonomous activities, and holding training meetings, seminars, and experience education class rooms. (NEDO)

  13. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in France; 1999 nendo France ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in France. The basic stance taken for the policies is the maintenance of public service in energy fields, diversification of supply systems and valuing the environment, and the responsibilities to the future generations. This course increases the relative importance of regenerative energies. Energy conservation is the most important policy problem on the medium to long term basis. The international commitment of France in dealing with global environment issues is to suppress generation of greenhouse effect gases in 2008 through 2012 to the level in 1990. The amount of gases that will be discharged as anticipated from the current status requires reduction of 16 million tons as the carbon weight. The environment tax was elaborated based on 500 francs per discharge of one ton of carbon, whose introduction has been decided to be made starting 2001. The taxation is estimated to have effect of reducing 6.7 million tons. The reduction is short by 2.27 million tons even if the effects of reduction measures in each sector and of the environment tax introduction are counted. The environment taxation may be made harsher if required, upon ascertaining the people's behavior in energy consumption. Measures to make the discharge right transaction more flexible are not taken into considerations. (NEDO)

  14. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Germany; 1999 nendo Doitsu ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in Germany. Because of the cold climate condition, eighty percent of household energy consumption is for room heating. Regulations on room heating thermal consumption on new and modified buildings, which were begun in the end of 1979, have accomplished the intended effects. However, the achievements have been deadlocked because of industrial collapse in the East Germany area and the delay in modernizing the prefabricated residential buildings. Because of the current situation in which energy saving is difficult in the consumer department, the federal government has shifted the emphasis to rationalization in the industrial department, which has started voluntary regulation on CO2 discharge. However, no noticeable effects have been seen in the electric power, steel making and chemical industries as have been expected. The limitation in energy saving and the policy of abolishing nuclear power generation on the long term basis (because of safety) have expanded expectation on regenerative energies. The plan calls for bringing up the regenerative energy utilization to 50% ratio by 2050, whereas a utilization promoting program was launched in September 1999. Part of the environment tax (amounting to an annual revenue of 12.5 billion Marks) will be assigned to the financial source for the subsidy measures (1 billion Marks). Legislative amendments are discussed, including review on the electric power purchase law for wind power and photovoltaic power generation systems. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1994 report on the survey and research of introduction, promotion of proliferation and guidance on new energy introduction. Pt. 2; 1994 nendo shin energy donyu fukyu sokushin shido ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Survey, collection and analysis were performed on different items of information required for new energy technologies. Studies were carried out to structure a system to support smooth execution of technical guidance and consultation. Among the project areas for field tests on photovoltaic power generation systems for public facilities, measurements were executed on hourly power demand in facilities in snowy and cold districts with little data available. In putting different items of information into a database, data were collected and put into order for the following items: statistics on average value for ten years of insolation time in 842 locations nationwide, calculation of insolation on slanted surface at the insolation measuring points (slanting angles and insolation on the slanted surface at which energy amount available for power generation is maximized in a year, as obtained by estimating the insolation on horizontal surface from the insolation duration), and expansion and addition of the introduction examples. Specifications for solar cell modules and inverters were classified and put into order, and so were on types, specifications, and product descriptions for photovoltaic power generation systems for individuals' houses. The aid system structured in the previous year was discussed for improvement, and new information was put into a database to improve the aid system. (NEDO)

  16. New energy visions for the Town of Naie district. Human-friendly Town of Naie City by environment-friendly energies; Naiemachi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo ni yasashii energy ga tsukuru hito ni yasashii machi Naie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Naie, Sorachi-gun in Hokkaido, where the industrial sector (manufacturing industries) consumes more than 60% of the total energy consumption. By energy type, oil and others account for 80%. When arranged in the order of expected recoverable quantity, the new energies for the town include utilization of solar energy, photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, and utilization of wastes, biomass energy (agricultural products) and snow energy. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are for health and welfare, clearing and utilization of snow, environmental education and bringing up talented persons, supporting the related entrepreneurs, and integration of new energy with promotion of energy-saving movement. The priority projects the town plans to promote include utilization of biogas and temperature-differential energy for the town's water purification center; foundation of the Naie eco-school; and drawing conceptions for utilization of underground heat, utilization of low-temperature and snow/ice energy, co-energy around the spa of Naie, and mega-solar and eco-park at the Sorachi housing complex. (NEDO)

  17. Latest gas situation in the world. Part 19. ; Argentina (segregated privatization and thorough deregulation). Shin sekai no gas jijo. 19. ; Aruzenchin (bunkatsu min'eika to tetteishita kisei kanwa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogasawara, K. (Japan Gas Association, Tokyo (Japan))

    1994-02-10

    Argentina, who has stayed behind in developing an industrialized society after World War II, is tackling with restructuring its inflation-torn economy through privatizing government owned corporations, and thorough deregulation under the Menem administration. This paper introduces the gas situation in Argentina with the above circumstances in the background. Natural gas is a most expected energy source, with its supply increasing as a result of expansion in the discovered reserves and construction of pipelines. Natural gas is produced at 20 billion m[sup 3] annually, and has a reported reserve quantity of 629 billion m[sup 3] (as announced by the government in 1992). Seventy-five percent of the entire production is executed by the government owned petroleum public corporation currently. If privatization and more liberal release of mining areas to foreign capitals are realized in the future, the production will increase, and the market share situation would change. Sales of gas have been handled by the government owned gas public corporation monopolistically selling 17.3 billion m[sup 3] (in 1990) before the gas business has been privatized in 1992. The privatization has resulted in segregation of the organization into two transportation companies and eight distribution companies. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 1982 on Sunshine Program. Survey and research on preparation of conditions for industrializing new energy technologies; 1982 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    Examined in this report are problems related to new energy that may arise in the energy supply/demand environment in 1990 when new energy will be introduced. This report consists of Chapter 1 about problems to solve before the introduction of new energy into the fields of industry and transportation, Chapter 2 about the analysis of a model of the supply/demand structure and ripple effects of the introduction of new energy technologies, and Chapter 3 about the analysis of laws and systems for the introduction of new energy technologies. In this research, concrete systems for utilization are presumed, and problems are sought out based on these presumed systems. Several utilization systems for each of the technologies are placed against the demands in the fields of transportation and industry, and problems in presence in this process are sought out, and examined. Viewpoints mentioned below are taken into consideration when seeking out problems. The viewpoints are (1) the establishment of technologies to utilize, (2) problems in the legal system, (3) problems about siting, and (4) problems in accelerating new energy diffusion. Chapters 1 and 2 deal with analyses based on Viewpoint (1), and Chapter 3 deals with analyses into problems sought out based on Viewpoints 2-4. (NEDO)

  19. Reports on 1981 result of Sunshine Project. Research on conditioning required for industrialization of new energy technology (summary); 1981 nendo shin energy gijutsu kigyoka ni hitsuyona joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. Yoyakuhen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    In order to decide measures for introducing new energy to the society, the work starts from the investigation of the present state of energy demand, examining feasibility of introducing new energy into the state, and then assuming concretely the circumstances in which new energy is brought into the society to some extent. In the subject research, with 1990 set as a target year, the following examinations are carried out for the purpose of estimating the state of introducing new energy to the Japanese society at such point in time. (a) Feasibility is studied of substituting with new energy on oil users' part at present, with an estimate made on the state of new energy introduction in fiscal 1990. (b) An energy flow analysis is made for the purpose of checking interrelation between the total energy demand structure in Japan and the quantity of introducing new energy as of 1990. (c) On the basis of these results, current various energy-related laws and regulations are reviewed, with policies examined for introducing and promoting new energy. (d) On-site investigation is conducted on relationship with the energy policy of coal producing countries, in the case where a coal liquefaction plant is constructed in such countries and where overseas operations and imports of liquefied oil production are implemented. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the survey on the project for working out the new energy vision of Oyamada Village; 2001 nendo Oyamada mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Oyamada Village, Mie Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was 672,289 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. The rate of energy source was about 27% of electric power and 65% of petroleum-base such as gasoline, light oil and kerosene. The amount of CO2 emitted from these was estimated at 50,333 t-CO2. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 46.7% in the transportation sector, 36.3% in the industrial sector, 9.6% in the residential sector and 7.3% in the business sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: Aoyama Heights wind farm (wind power generation: 700kW x 12 turbines); wind power generation project jointly with citizen; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization to public facilities; greenhouse of Western orchard using waste heat from hot spring, stockbreeding waste utilization project, recycle project for thinnings, introduction of clean energy vehicle, etc. (NEDO)

  1. Building life utilizing nature's power and friendly to earth. New energy vision in Kami Ishizu Town (Gifu Prefecture); Shizen no chikara wo ikashi chikyu ni yasashii kurashi wo tsukuru. Kamiishizucho shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Energy saving and new energy introducing measures were established as the 'utilization of area discrete type new energy technology that can be a model for other districts' as part of the plan in Kami Ishizu Town, the 'creation of nature-rich housing area'. The introduction measures were established by the activities of the establishment deliberation meeting composed of people of experience and academic standing, the introduction discussing committee composed of relevant section managers in the municipal office, and the working teams composed of the young staff. The plan begins in fiscal 2001 and lasts for 15 years. The activities are divided into the preparatory period, the foundation building period, and the developing expansion period, wherein the introduction plans were set for bio-mass energy, wind power energy, and hydro-energy that constitute the major resources. The activity achievements were put into order by the following four items: 1) foreword, 2) circumstances centering on the new energy introduction, 3) the current status of Kami Ishizu Town, and 4) the guideline for new energy introduction in Kami Ishizu Town. In Item 2, the district characteristics and the status of existence of new energies were put into order to evaluate the energies available from bio-mass, wind power, hydropower, and solar power. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Britain; 1999 nendo Eikoku ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies Britain. Britain has liberated completely the electric power market in June 1999 subsequently from that for the gas market. In order to share the target of reducing greenhouse effect gases during 2008 through 2012 as committed by the EU in the Kyoto Protocol, Britain has decided officially a 12.5% reduction in June 1998. The climate change tax was proposed in March 1999, and its implementation is scheduled for April 2001. This is a taxation upon commercial and industrial operators (whose carbon dioxide discharge is accounting for 40%), by which annual reduction of two million carbon tons is estimated in 2010. The government has set a target to take care of 10% of the electric power demand by regenerative energies by 2010. This policy is anticipated to be announced by the end of 2000. The EU has moved one step forward for complete opening of the electric power market in 1999, which will be followed by the gas market in August 2000. In addition, a take-off campaign was launched to promote participation and investments into the regenerative energy project. (NEDO)

  3. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Canada; 1999 nendo Canada ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in Canada. At the Kyoto Conference for Global Warming Prevention, Canada agreed to reduce gas discharge in 2008 through 2012 by 6% from that in 1990 as the reduction target considered realizable while maintaining the trade competitive power. The Ministry for Natural Resources encourages enhancement in energy efficiency and use of substitution energy resources, and pushes forward the promotion programs. The government imposes the world's most stringent energy efficiency criteria on electric products through the high-efficiency and substitution energy program. In the regenerative energy technologies, the government supports use of regenerative energies from the cost and environmental influence aspects. In the energy development programs, the government supports eleven ministries and agencies for energy related research and development activities. In the regenerative energy development plan, targets are set on promotion of air conditioning and hot water supply systems utilizing such regenerative energies as solar light, biomass, and underground heat. The importance is placed not only on development of new technologies, but also on marketing technologies. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Sen'nan city area; 2001 nendo Sen'nan shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Sen'nan City, Osaka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy demand, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc. The energy consumption amount of the city in FY 1999 was estimated at 4,971TJ. It consisted of 40.6% in the industrial sector, 29.7% in the transportation sector and 29.6% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 48.8% of petroleum, 32.1% of electric power and 19.1% of gas. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization facilities to the city office/elementary school/junior high school/municipal dwelling houses; street light combinedly using photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation; introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle; preferential treatment for introduction of low-emission car for citizen; introduction of natural gas cogeneration and fuel cell to the city office, etc.; introduction of small-size wind power generation/small- and medium-size hydraulic power generation to public facilities, park, etc.; construction of the waste energy utilization system. (NEDO)

  5. Report on regional new energy vision for Kawara town. Toward the creation of eco-symbiotic community; Kawaracho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho. Kankyo kyoseigata shakai no sozo ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawara town, Fukuoka Prefecture, in the hope that the industry, administration, and citizenry will be concerned with each other for the realization of an eco-symbiotic community. The fruits of endeavors exerted for this purpose are described in seven chapters, which are (1) the outline of surveys, (2) local characteristics of Kawara town, (3) policy toward introducing new energy, (4) measures for introducing new energy, (5) study of model projects, (6) introduction of new energy into Kawara town, and (7) efforts to realize the introduction. Described in chapter (5) are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into primary and junior high schools, heat supply business utilizing waste heat from a plant, energy conservation at administration buildings, and the development of an activities program for people to learn energy related matters. Several applications are considered concerning the activities program, dependent upon who are to implement the program: volunteer students, local community leaders, experts, or administration officials. In relation to heat supply business, studies are conducted about the supply of waste heat from a cement plant to public facilities such as the town hall and administration buildings in the form of medium pressure steam or hot water. (NEDO)

  6. New energy vision for Kunigami village. Building a Village Friendly to the Environment in the 21st Century; Kunigamison shin energy vision. 21 seiki no shizen kankyo ni yasashii mura zukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated for Kunigami village, Okinawa Prefecture, for dealing with environmental problems and for activating the region through the utilization of new energy. It is a 6,000-strong village located at the northern end of the mainland of the Ryukyus, which consumed 35 GWh of electric power in fiscal 1998. The results of activities in this connection are summarized in seven chapters, which are (1) the current state of Kunigami village, (2) current state of new energy, (3) existing amount of new energy, (4) survey using questionnaires, (5) basic policy toward new energy introduction, (6) new energy vision formulation, and (7) a system for new energy introduction. Chapter (6) is constituted of the formulation of new energy projects and conditions to satisfy for their realization, with the projects covering the introduction of photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, small scale hydroelectric power generation, and clean energy vehicles and the implementation of popularizing and enlightening activities. Under the project for popularizing and enlightening activities, information will be disseminated, people will receive education about environments, economic support will be provided, and support will be extended to enterprises for their beginning new energy businesses. The economic support to be provided will involve the introduction of the support systems of the Government and the study of the creation of a village operated support system. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2001 report on the initial-stage survey of the project for working out the new energy vision of the Okinawa City area; 2001 nendo Okinawa shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa. shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For working out a new energy vision in Okinawa City, an investigational survey was conducted, as the initial-stage survey, of the state of energy demand of the city, estimated amount of existence of new energy, proposed project (draft) on new energy introduction, etc. The energy demand amount of Okinawa City was estimated at 6,865 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 41.6% in the transportation sector, 35.6% in the commercial/residential sector and 22.8% in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 50.5% of petroleum-base fuel, 31.0% of electric power and 9.5% of LP gas. The expected minable amount of new energy was estimated at 318,513 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y, which is equivalent to 17 x the energy consumption amount/day of the city. As the proposed project (draft) for new energy introduction, study was made of the introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat utilization system to the children future zone park/elementary school/junior high school/kindergarten/public hall, introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle of the city, refuse incineration power generation/utilization of incineration heat at Kurahama sanitary facilities, and others. (NEDO)

  8. New energy vision of the Tagawa city area. Aiming at a town for symbiosis of humans and the environment; 2001 nendo Tagawa shi chiiki shin energy vision. Hito to kankyo ga kyoseisuru machi wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Tagawa City, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy supply/demand of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at 6,678,932 GJ/y. It consisted of 42% in the industrial sector, 35% in the transportation sector and 23% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 75% of petroleum-base energy and 25% of electric power. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: power generation/thermal exchange/composting by fermentation of methane from stockbreeding waste; environmental preservation type agriculture such as large-scale hothouse using exhaust heat from cement plant; utilization of ground mine water at coal goaf for space cooling and as water source; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar energy use hot water supply system to public facilities; introduction of clean energy car to vehicle in welfare/education fields; preparation of a program for energy environment education; preparation of bases for energy environment education. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Shime town area; 2001 nendo Shime cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shime Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the state of energy consumption of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The rate of electric power demand of the town consisted of 44% of the residential sector such as general household, the highest, 30% of the business sector such as business office and 21% of the industrial sector such as plant. The demand from the industrial sector was on the decrease. The sales amount of domestic use gas almost leveled off. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power system to the Shime town office/townspeople center/elementary school/junior high school; introduction of solar heat utilization system to the welfare center for old people; introduction of wind power/photovoltaic power hybrid street light to school road/cycling road/playground; heat pump space heating/cooling using temperature different energy of the water of mine roadway; introduction of clean energy vehicle to the town office; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization/hybrid car to general houses. (NEDO)

  10. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the core city/town/village area in the Honjo region; 2001 nendo Honjo chiho kyoten toshi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in the core city/town/village area in the Honjo region, Saitama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption of the area in FY 1999 was 9.8 x 10{sup 15}J in amount and was broken down into 47% of petroleum, 27% of electric power, 9% of town gas and 9% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption consisted of 39% in the industrial sector, 29% in the transportation sector, 23% in the residential sector and 9% in the commercial sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation/photovoltaic power generation to municipal office/public facilities/traffic facilities/research facilities/street light/water filtration plant/disaster prevention facilities/residential houses; utilization of biomass like garbage/animal feces/residue from food plant/ligneous waste/thinnings and utilization of fuel cell by biogas; introduction of clean energy vehicle. (NEDO)

  11. Kickoff into the future - Community full of light and balmy wind, Naraha. Regional new energy vision for Naraha Town; 2001 nendo Naraha machi chiiki shin energy vision. Mirai he no kick off - Hikari to kaze no machi Naraha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Naraha Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the trend of energy consumption of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the town is 1,134,300 GJ, with industries consuming 41%, transportation 36%, households 12%, and commerce 11%. The energy comprised 76% from oil based fuels and 24% from electric power. Some new energy introduction projects were discussed, which covered the exhibition, public relations activities, and education through the use of wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation or solar heat utilization for Tenjin Point Sports Park, natural park surrounding the Kidogawa dam, on-the-road station Naraha Michinoeki, solar cars, and hybrid type street lamps; photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, and clean energy vehicles for a special nursing home for elderly people, nursery schools, kindergartens, and a processing center for agriculture, forestry, and fishery products; and disseminating and enlightening activities conducted for people in general and business operators. (NEDO)

  12. Investigation on initial stage of new energy vision in Izumi-otsu City in Osaka Prefecture. Report for fiscal 2000; Izumiotsushi chiiki shin energy vision shoki dankai chosa. 2000 nendo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With objectives to achieve promotion of new energy introduction with the environment creating city as the basic concept, and to depict the future image of the city energies by clearly showing the way to suppressing environmental load, a new energy vision is being established. Fiscal 2000 has investigated the energy demand and supply conditions and existence quantity of new energies. The investigation results were put into order by the following seven items: 1) summary of the investigation, 2) district characteristics of Izumi-otsu City, 3) investigation on quantity of new energies available in the city, 4) investigation on the energy demand quantity, 5) putting the problems into order, 6) the Citizens' Energy Conference, and 7) summary of the investigation on examples of new energy utilization. Item 3 is composed of the new energies utilizable in Izumi-otsu City, and calculations of existence quantity of new energies that are to be utilized. The utilizable quantity of new energies is 9.9 times 10{sup 5} Gcal/year, which corresponds to about 60% of the energy used in fiscal 1990. (NEDO)

  13. Report on new energy vision in Utazu Town area (aiming at building town where people and nature live together); Utazucho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho. Ningen to shizen no kyoseisuru machizukuri wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Utazu Town in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of the town is decreasing year after year to 5,905 persons in fiscal 1996. The industrial structure has the ratio of primary, secondary, and tertiary industries at 43:26:31 in 1995, wherein the marine products industry is the basic industry. The annual energy consumption of the town in fiscal 1998 is 69,950 Gcal, and is accounted for by the transportation department at 48.8%, the consumer and household department at 29.9%, the consumer business department at 12.4%, and the industrial department at 8.7%. Evaluation on utilizable quantity of new energies revealed 9,925 MWh annually by wind power generation, 1,000 MWh annually by small to medium hydropower generation, 33,033 GJ annually by bio-mass, and 11,565 GJ annually by refuses. The new energy introducing project includes utilization of photovoltaic power generation at the Road Station, the town office, the public hall, primary and middle schools, fishing boats, fishery cultivation and fishing industry, introduction of wind power generation into the Tazukayama sightseeing road, introduction of small to medium hydropower generation into the Harai River dam, introduction of clean energy type community buses, and introduction of cogeneration system to the meal supply center. (NEDO)

  14. Reports on 1981 result of Sunshine Project. Research on conditioning required for industrialization of new energy technology; 1981 nendo shin energy gijutsu kigyoka ni hitsuyona joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This research was intended to establish foundation for the coming new energy era, by clarifying all interfering elements and taking counter measures, in further spreading and promoting the new phase of new energy technology development under the Sunshine Project. With the public section as the main body, studies were made in the technological aspect as well as the legal/institutional aspects, and also an investigation was conducted of the cases of introducing new energy from overseas. In the subject research, with 1990 set as the target year, the following examinations were carried out for the purpose of concretely estimating the situation of introducing new energy into the society in Japan at such point in time. The examinations were to study the feasibility of substitution with new energy in fiscal 1990 on the present level of oil consumption; to extract problems on the basis of the results and examining a policy of introducing and promoting new energy; and, to investigate on the spot, as a case study in building a coal liquefaction plant in a coal production area overseas, a relation with the energy policy of the producing country in implementing the overseas operation and importation of liquefied oil so produced, etc. (NEDO)

  15. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1988. Surveys and studies on arranging the conditions for commercializing new energy technologies; 1988 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    The current fiscal year has surveyed and studied to have coal liquefying plants and the different existing industrial plants put into a complex. When structuring specifically the commercialization of the coal liquefaction process, some kind of complex formation is required from its business size and economic performance. From this viewpoint, the current fiscal year has performed discussions with economic performance as an additional item on forming a complex with (1) petroleum refining industry, (2) iron and steel making industry, (3) chemical industry, and (4) electric power generating industry. Investigations were also carried out on the feasibility of systems thereof and the technological problems therein. In the subject (1), if coal liquefied oil is introduced into a petroleum refining process, and both oils can be mixed, construction cost of the coal liquefaction plant and the oil cost per barrel may be decreased. In the subject (2), forming a complex of a converter integrated steel mill having a crude ore production scale of 600,000 tons a year with a coal liquefaction plant having a scale of 30,000 tons a day will present problems in the balance of facility size and quantity. In the subject (3), producing chemicals as by-products as a result of complex formation will enhance the economic performance of the coal liquefaction plant. In the subject (4), a complex formed plant is more advantageous in load variation than ordinary power plants. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1990 technological survey report. Report on NEDO's 10th anniversary international symposium (New energy and global environment); NEDO soritsu 10 shunen kinen kokusai symposium hokokusho. Shin energy to chikyu kankyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-10-03

    Two lectures were given by Christopher Flavin (vice president for Research, Worldwatch Institute Inc.) and Hiroshi Takeuchi (chairman, LTCB Consulting and Research Institute Inc.), and a panel discussion was held by five panelists with Toyoaki Ikuta (The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan) as the coordinator. The themes were 'a sustainable energy strategy for the nineties', 'industrial structure change and energy problem', and 'new energy and the global environment'. The panelists were from Sweden, France, Thailand, U.S.A., and Japan. The main subject was energy security, in which discussion was held on the uneven distribution of oil resources in the Middle East and political instability in the region and on counter measures against global warming problem. The discussion on the latter subject showed that a limitation exists in the total consumption of fossil fuel in the world, and that energy policies were meaningless unless they were on a global scale. As the concrete measures, energy conservation technologies and regenerative energy utilization technologies need to be developed and spread, for which emphasized was the spread on a global scale, namely, the necessity of international cooperation and an international propulsion system. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 survey report on the basic study of a possibility of cooperation in new energy technology in China; 1998 nendo Chugoku ni okeru shin energy gijutsu kyoryoku kanosei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The development and utilization of new energy and reusable energy in China have greatly progressed for these 20 years, but it is necessary to further enhance the rate of these energy in the energy structure by heightening the conversion efficiency and reducing the production cost. As to the matured technology, it is necessary to attempt a large scale modernization and form a completed production/service system by making large breakthrough of new technology/new industrial art. For improvement of levels of a lot of new energy technology, emphasis should be placed on international cooperation, R and D, and model business. Together with the introduction of reusable energy such as photovoltaic, wind, geothermal and ocean power, the conventional low efficiency biomass utilization system is converted one after another. The development/spread of clean coal technology are promoted, and the rate of the hydroelectric/atomic power generation is heightened. By 2010, the full-scale application/spread of new energy technology should be advanced, and the technology and production of the world top level should be realized. It is necessary to make the energy consumption clean and promote the continuously harmonized growth of economy, society and environment. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in the U.S.A.; 1999 nendo Beikoku ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy promotion policies in the U.S.A. The ratio of regenerative energies to all energy in the U.S.A. is 10%. On the other hand, efforts are given on marine energy investigations, and to make hydrogen useful as one of the energy sources. The Matsunaga hydrogen research and development act was enacted in 1990, and so was the hydrogen's future act in 1996 to move positively forward the development thereof. The federal government has announced positive use of substitution fuel using automobiles in the presidential ordinance, whereas the ratio of the substitution fuel cars accounted for in those used by governmental organizations is planned to be 75% in fiscal 1999. At the Kyoto Conference for Global Warming-up Prevention, America was obligated to reduce by 2012 the greenhouse effect gas by 7% against the generation in 1990, but it rejected the proposition saying the country is unable to approve it without participation of developing countries. In 1998, America announced the collective national energy strategy, and recommended utilization of regenerative energies to prevent climate changes. In April 1999, President Clinton issued the plan for governmental greening, and ordered suppression of generation of air polluting substances. In August of the same year, a presidential ordinance was promulgated on developing and promoting use of the bio-energies. (NEDO)

  19. Data acquisition and analysis of passive solar cooling effects by storage of out door air in the middle of the night; Shin'ya gaiki chikurei ni yoru shizen reibo koka no jissoku to kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inagaki, H.; Kasutani, A. [Komazawa Womens Junior College, Tokyo (Japan); Koizumi, H.

    1998-12-05

    Passive cooling by storing coolness of out door air in the middle of the night in rock bed is realized by air type solar system without any additional equipment. The advantage of the passive cooling is confirmed with measuring performance of the passive cooling effect of air type solar system equipped in our Komazawa Womens Junior College last year. (author)

  20. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Canada; 1999 nendo Canada ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in Canada. At the Kyoto Conference for Global Warming Prevention, Canada agreed to reduce gas discharge in 2008 through 2012 by 6% from that in 1990 as the reduction target considered realizable while maintaining the trade competitive power. The Ministry for Natural Resources encourages enhancement in energy efficiency and use of substitution energy resources, and pushes forward the promotion programs. The government imposes the world's most stringent energy efficiency criteria on electric products through the high-efficiency and substitution energy program. In the regenerative energy technologies, the government supports use of regenerative energies from the cost and environmental influence aspects. In the energy development programs, the government supports eleven ministries and agencies for energy related research and development activities. In the regenerative energy development plan, targets are set on promotion of air conditioning and hot water supply systems utilizing such regenerative energies as solar light, biomass, and underground heat. The importance is placed not only on development of new technologies, but also on marketing technologies. (NEDO)

  1. New energy vision at Sabae City. Toward realization of 'environmental international city'; 2001 nendo Sabae shi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo kokusai toshi Sabae no jitsugen ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Sabae City in Fukui Prefecture, a new energy vision was put into order based on the result of the initial stage investigation having been performed in the previous fiscal year. Solar light and solar heat energies will be introduced positively into public facilities, and at the same time works will be implemented to accelerate the proliferation thereof into general households. The target of introduction by the year 2010y is set to 2,600 kW by photovoltaic power generation, and the introduction thereof is planned to schools, nursery schools, municipality operated houses, and unattended facilities. With regard to solar heat water warmer, the present proliferation rate of about 7.3% will be raised to 15%. Regarding wastes generated from industrial areas, efficient energy extraction by thermal recycling is intended on the assumption of suppression of wastes generation, their re-use, and recycling. Systems may include the bio-gas system, cogeneration, and recovery of energies from plastics wastes. For acceleration of proliferation of new energies in general, promotion of introduction will be achieved on mini-wind power generation, small hydroelectric power generation, and fuel cell automobiles. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Chinen Village area in FY 2001; 2001 nendo Chinen son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Chinen Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the trend of energy consumption of the village, existence amount of new energy, case study for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of Chinen Village in FY 1999 was estimated at 591,935 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. By sector, the consumption amount in the transportation sector was the highest, approximately 40%, followed in order by the household sector, business sector and industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 49.2% of petroleum, 42.3% of electric power and 8.5% of gas. As the case study for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/Azama Sun Beach/hydroponics/JA branch office/prawn farm, introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the village gymnasium/village drainage pump/refrigerating facilities of the fisheries cooperative association, etc. Further, as the new project, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the agricultural irrigation project/comprehensive sports park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the new building of Chinen Elementary School/maker of processed medicinal herbs. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1980 Report on results of Sunshine Project. Development of coal liquefaction techniques (Development of materials for the coal liquefaction plant); 1980 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika plant zairyo no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    A 1 T/D solvent-extraction type coal liquefaction test plant was constructed and operated to obtain the technical data for the design of, and establish the techniques for, an efficient coal liquefaction plant. The FY 1980 program includes surveys on the materials for coal liquefaction plants, covering those already developed and under development, to clarify the problematical points; drafting the test schedules; and conceptual designs of the material testing facilities. The major problems involved in the materials for coal liquefaction plants include erosion by fluidizing coal slurry, hydrogen embrittlement of the reactor materials, and corrosion by the liquefaction products (e.g., stress-corrosion cracking of austenitic steel, and corrosion by organic acids). The surveys on materials research trends suggest that USA seems to concentrate their research efforts on the reactor materials. The corrosion tests are mostly of in-plant tests, but the stress corrosion and slurry erosion tests are conducted on a laboratory scale. The conceptual designs are drawn for some testing units, e.g., the loop type material testing unit and basic testing unit for jet-spray type slurry erosion. (NEDO)

  4. Ultimate evaluation report on research and development of basic technologies for next-generation industry. Conductive polymeric materials; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu saishu kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka. Dodensei kobunshi zairyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-05-01

    Basic technologies are established that equip polymeric materials (insulators in general) with conductivity similar to that of metals for the realization of novel conducting materials characterized by light weight, high resistance to corrosion, and ease of machining, and for the manufacture of novel electrical/electronic materials having new functions different from those of conventionally used metals. The aims are to realize a conductivity of 10{sup 5}S/cm or more, to manufacture materials sufficiently stable when left in the ordinary or inert atmosphere, and to manufacture materials which may be machined into proper shapes as required in the industry. The results of the 10-year-long development endeavor greatly contribute to the creation of high-level materials, the systematization of technologies, and the elucidation of the conducting mechanism. In relation to polymeric materials, in particular, a new technology is developed that equips, with high reproducibility, polymeric materials with conductivity similar to that of silver or copper; a graphitic material is created for the first time provided with conductivity superior to that of metals; and conducting polymeric materials are equipped with an easy-to-machine feature. A great contribution is accomplished to the production of superconductivity in organic charge-transfer complex crystals and to the elucidation of the conducting mechanism. (NEDO)

  5. R and D project for large industrial technologies in fiscal 1989. Report on achievements in R and D of robots for critical works; 1989 nendo seika hokokusho. Ogata kogyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Kyokugen sagyo robot no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    Research and development have been performed on basic technologies common to different types of robots to carry out works in critical conditions. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1989. In the R and D of sensor technologies, a prototype tri-axial one-millimeter sensor array and a signal processing device were produced and evaluations were given. A prototype production and evaluations were made on a system that can recognize comprehensively the slip, hardness, and moment as the tri-axial tactile information. In the R and D of motive force technologies, discussions were given on improvement of sensitivity of the torque sensor in the actuator for force control. Design and prototype fabrication were carried out on a speed reducer integrated actuator having a torque sensor for the manipulator's elbow joint. In addition, a force controlled controller was fabricated on a trial basis, which compensates the non-linearity of the force controlled actuator by means of software control. In the R and D of the robot languages, an application program was prepared on a representative work related to movements of a critical work robot. Verification was also conducted on the reasonability of the grammar specifications. (NEDO)

  6. Research and development of basic technologies for the next generation industries, 'environment resistance strengthened elements'. Evaluation on the second term research and development; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 'Taikankyo kyoka soshi'. Dainiki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-31

    In the research and development of the environment resistance strengthened elements with emphasis placed respectively on radiation resistance, heat resistance, and integration degree according to specific requirements in the using environments, the second term has developed an integration technology and its evaluation technology based on the achievements in the first term. In developing the heat resistant element technology, the technology to grow {beta}-SiC crystals was expanded to obtaining thin film crystals with high migratory performance by using higher temperatures. At the same time, development was performed on a technology to manufacture multiple number of transistors on one substrate, such as the doping technology and etching technology. Using this technology, schottky diodes and p-n junction elements being the basic structures of MES-FET and bipolar transistors were fabricated. In the evaluation and testing technology, the {gamma} dose measuring method using TLD was improved, the traceability of {gamma} ray irradiation amount was assured, the simplified irradiation testing method using X-ray was established, and the heat resistance testing technology for electronic parts was established. Furthermore, attempts were made on enhancing radiation resistance of the elements, such as in MOS silicon integrated circuit, bipolar silicon integrated circuit, and compound semiconductor integrated circuit. (NEDO)

  7. Research and development of basic technologies for next-generation industry. Evaluation of 1st-phase research and development of 3-dimensional circuit devices; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Sanjigen kairo soshi daiikki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-30

    The aim is to develop basic technologies relating to 3-dimensional circuit devices with an ultrahigh-density accumulation of functions therein for the embodiment of ultra-small high-performance data processing devices or artificial brain-like multiple-function data processing devices. To be developed are laminate-structure devices which have an ultrahigh-density accumulation of logic and memory functions or a complex accumulation of functions including signal and sensor functions. In the 1st phase, importance is attached to the development of a multilayer crystalline structure, which is the most elementary in the development of 3-dimensional circuit devices, and of processing technologies for them. Propositions are made and analyses are conducted relating to the enlargement of exposure region in synchrotron radiation lithography, development of a maskless beam process of a resolution of 0.1{mu}m, development of a focused ion beam device, etc. Recrystallization methods using a laser beam or a linear electron beam are developed for the growth of multilayer crystals, and are proved to be effective. The application feasibility of a flat deposition dry process etc. to laminate processing technologies is demonstrated. Concerning integration technologies, some laminated circuit devices are experimentally fabricated, and their behavior is determined. The goals of the 1st phase are found achieved. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1994 entrusted task report. Surveys of advanced natural gas development and efficient utilization (Survey of coal hydrogasification technology development); 1994 nendo tennen gas kodo kaihatsu yuko riyo chosa tou itaku gyomu hokokusho. Sekitan suiten gaska gijutsu kaihatsu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    For the establishment of a practical process for substitute natural gas (SNG) production, technological and economical assessments were made, and tasks to discharge for the development were discussed. In this fiscal year, the results of surveys conducted in the past five-year period were compiled, and studies were made to prepare for a smooth transition to the element research stage. Findings obtained are described below. SNG producing technologies need to be developed, with the demand for SNG increasing sharply, to further stabilize the base for SNG supply; coal which is abundantly available should be used as the material for SNG; and coal hydrogasification, among various methods for producing SNG from coal, is the most suitable in view of efficiency and cost performance. It was also found after a prolonged study for the improvement of efficiency and cost performance that probabilities were high that the yield of BTX (benzene, toluene, xylene) would increase and cost performance would improve. Besides, a basic plan and an element technology research plan were prepared for the development of the ARCH (advanced rapid coal hydrogasification) process. (NEDO)

  9. Research and development of basic technologies for the next generation industries, 'three-dimensional circuit elements'. Evaluation on the research and development; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 'sanjigen kairo soshi'. Kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-04-01

    Research, development and evaluation were performed with an objective of establishing the basic technology related to three-dimensional circuit elements that integrate functions at ultra-high density. For the basic technology of lamination, the SOI technology suitable for the three-dimensional circuit elements was developed, and it has become possible to manufacture high-quality multi-layered crystalline structure by means of annealing that uses laser and electron beam. In addition, a lateral epitaxial technology for solid phase was developed, and the base to be applied to the three-dimensional circuit elements was established. Furthermore, the technology to put thin film circuits together would be useful for high-density integration in the future. The three-dimensional circuit makes parallel processing in each segment possible, whereas a possibility was shown that the processing can be performed at much higher speed than before. Actually a prototype three-dimensional circuit equipped with functions for parallel processing and judgment processing was fabricated. The image pre-processing which has been impossible on the real time basis in the conventional two-dimensional integrated circuit was realized in a speed as fast as milli-second order. These achievements lead to a belief that the targets for the present research and development have been achieved. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1998 Report on development of technologies for commercialization of industrial solar systems. Summary of the abstracts (Research and development management); 1998 nendo sangyoyonado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika gaiyo sogoban. Kenkyu kaihatsu kanri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The FY 1998 programs for development of technologies for commercialization of industrial solar systems include those for freezing/refrigeration systems utilizing solar heat, and international joint programs for development of technologies for the solar heat-utilizing systems. The studies are also conducted to draw the technological development programs for the solar heat-utilizing systems to be developed in the future. For development of the solar heat-utilizing freezing/refrigeration systems, the efforts are directed to extending service life of hydrogen occluding alloy to at least 10 years, which is one of the final targets. High reversibility up to 1,000 cycles is confirmed with the alloy working at low temperature for generating low-temperature heat. The international joint programs for technological development include technology evaluation of lumber drying by solar heat by operating the pilot plant, training of engineers and study on commercialization of the concept in Republic of Indonesia. The studies on technological development of solar heat-utilizing systems include those on classification of the solar heat-utilizing systems by area and utilization type, and evaluation of operating temperature levels and the merits and themes/problems. (NEDO)

  11. Research and development of basic technologies for next-generation industries. Evaluation of 2nd phase research and development of technologies of mass culture of cells; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu saibo tairyo baiyo gijutsu. Dainiki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-03-30

    The project aims to establish basic technologies for the mass culture of cells which will enable a large, stable supply of fine chemical products whose industrial production the conventional technique of synthesis has failed to realize. In the 1st phase, cell stains were selected, a serumless medium was developed, basic culturing conditions were established, and substances production rates were improved, and the 2nd phase stands succeeding these 1st phase achievements. Toward the ultimate goal of establishing basic technologies for serumless high-density cultures for industrial use and technologies for isolating and refining useful substances, a small-scale optimum culture technique and a serumless culture technique are developed. Serumless cultures are developed for strains of man's lymphoid cells, cells deriving from bone marrow, epithelial cells, and hybridomas of man and mouse, all these sampled during the 1st phase endeavors. Success is attained in growing each cell strain on a scale of 1-10L to increase to 10{sup 7} cells/ml or more in population density. It is found that each cell strain produces useful substances, such as man's monoclonal antibodies and elements involved in the multiplication or differentiation of new cells. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1999 geothermal development promotion survey. Development potentiality survey - Strategic survey/nation-wide survey (Report on districts in Fukushima Prefecture); 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Kaihatsu kanosei chosa - senryakuteki chosa zenkoku chosa (Fukushimaken chiiki hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-08-01

    For the effective implementation of the survey, data in existence were reanalyzed for the Bandai-Azuma district and Minami-Aizu/Nasu district, and a wide area geothermal model was built. Using the model, exploitable resources were assessed and a prioritized survey introduction program was worked out for the promotion of geothermal development. In compliance with the strategic survey implementation manual, the Bandai-Azuma district was assessed, and the northeastern-eastern foot area of Azuma Volcano and the northern foot area of Adatara Volcano were extracted as areas promising geothermal energy development. The Monte Carlo method was applied to the prioritized survey area at the northeastern foot of Azuma Volcano, and then it was estimated that, with a probability of not less than 90%, the exploitable resources would be 6.4MWe in the case of data accuracy of 0.5 or more and 12.0MWe in the case of data accuracy of 0.4 or more. Selected as promising areas in the Minami-Aizu/Nasu district were the Yanaizu-Nishiyama area, the neighborhood of Nasudake-Chausudake, and the neighborhood of Shiobara-Fuji. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on the venture business assisting type regional consortium - Minor business creation base type. Development of sodium hypochlorite activating system; 1999 nendo venture kigyo shiengata chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Jiaensosan natrium kasseika sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The aim is to develop and widely diffuse a cleaning, sterilizing, and disinfecting system (chemicals and device) which is nearer to the best. A safety-conscious diluting/mixing technology was developed by which acid and sodium hypochlorite were mixed without generating any noxious gas. Using this technology, a mixing tube was developed, capable of homogeneously diluting chemicals in raw water and mixing them homogeneously. How the dilution and mixing occurred in the mixing tube was measured by an electric conductivity meter for evaluation, data on the state of diluting of the solution were plotted in a graphic chart for study, a comprehensive deliberation was made of performance, cost, etc., and then a device was experimentally constructed. A concentration level detecting sensor section and a metering pump were developed. The pH adjustment and disinfecting effect were assessed using various acids, and then it was found that the acetic acid was the most suitable in view of safeness, disinfecting effect, stability, and ease of adjustment. Based on the result of a comprehensive technical survey, a system was designed suitable for artificial dialysis, food processing, and cleaning and disinfecting of endoscopes. A prototype was built, and the development effort progressed to reach a level where a prototype was built and subjected to a field test. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1998 research report. R and D on super metal (Al system mesoscopic texture-controlled material); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (aluminium kei mesoscopic soshiki seigyo zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For development of Al materials with superior industrial characteristics (strength, corrosion resistance), this research has promoted development of large-size Al system materials with mesoscopic crystalline texture by high- strain accumulation control technology, and recovery and recrystallization control technology. In this fiscal year, (1) basic study on high-strain accumulation control technology, (2) study on a formation mechanism of ultra- fine crystal grains, and (3) development of a machining process were made. In (1), basic study on low-temperature rolling and study on rolling by rollers having different peripheral speeds were made. In (2), study on refining of recrystallized grains of 5000-base and 7000-base alloys was made. In (3), a low-temperature rolling equipment, and a ultra-rapid heating device were introduced. For the whole R and D project on super metal, the main research facilities such as a low-temperature rolling body for high- strain accumulation and a high-strain accumulative structure formation equipment (melt rolling equipment) for uniform nucleus formation in recrystallization were introduced to gain a firm foothold for the future application research. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1999 report on the development of technology to recycle architectural waste materials, glass, etc. Development of technology to recycle architectural waste materials; 1999 nendo kenchiku haizai glass nado recycle gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kenchiku haizai recycle gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    Waste wood materials in the materials discharged from architectural disassembly were regarded as a potential wood resource, and the R and D of the technology to recycle these were conducted. Studies were made on the technology to finely grind waste wood materials, technology to compress/form waste wood materials and ground wood powder, verification of strength characteristics/dimension stability of the formed wood materials, etc. As to the wood materials which were badly degraded under ultra violet rays, they were coloring-processed by the steam treatment, and a possibility of coating substitution was confirmed. In relation to the technology to produce compressed wood materials, the optimization of heat treatment conditions was experimentally conducted. About the technology to give dimensional stability, dimensional stability was improved as a result of the improvement of chemicals feeding and the development of chemically processed drugs. In the development of light formed products, the board was successfully formed which is light in weight using lignocelluloses/inorganic hydrates and has the bending strength higher than that of the plaster board. In the development of interior materials, the technology was developed in which ground wood powder and thermo-plastic resin are mixed for die molding, and the OA floor using this was commercialized. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1999 Report on research and development of power generation by solid electrolyte fuel cell. Research and development of solid electrolyte fuel cell; 1999 nendo nenryo denchi hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu kenkyu seika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-06-01

    This project is aimed at establishment of the module basic technology and commercialization of the solid electrolyte fuel cell in the early stage by designing, construction, operation and performance evaluation of a several kW-class module which incorporates the cylindrical cell fabricated by the wet process. The FY 1999 R and D efforts include (1) cell performance demonstration study: the cylindrical single cell fabricated by the wet process is demonstration-tested to determine the initial performance and durability for continuous operation, thereby comparing the external reforming with internal reforming in output, with the internal reforming rate as the parameter, (2) development of a several kW-class module: the adequate cell arrangement structure within the module is studied by the computer-aided simulation, and the tests for confirming thermal cycle durability of the modified bundle are conducted using the module power generation unit and the several kW-class module is tested, and (3) development of the technology for designing a thermally supported module: the effects of, e.g., air and fuel supply conditions on the module performance are analyzed using the analytical model as the base. Expansion of the module level to the process simulation model has been completed, based on these results. (NEDO)

  17. International research cooperation project. Assessment report on the R and D of the comprehensive development/utilization technology of energy of gas hydrate resource; Gas hydrate shigen no energy sogo kaihatsu riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As to 'the R and D of the comprehensive development/utilization technology of gas hydrate resource,' assessment was conducted and reported from an aspect of the third party. This R and D is a timely project being aimed at establishing the basic technology on gas hydrate from both aspects of fundamental research and practical research. In the development of gas hydrate resource in the tundra zone, the development of measuring methods for thermal conductivity and dielectric constants advanced the establishment of a guide for exploration and possibilities of assessment of the resource amount. In the development/production, it can be said that the knowledge/information collected by exchanging methane in gas hydrate with CO2 means no needs for new supply of heat and also contributes to the isolation of CO2. As to the utilization technology, the results were rated very high also internationally of tackling the quantitative evaluation method at molecular levels of the gas included in hydrate using Raman spectroscopy to establish the industrial gas separation method using the low-temperature environment in the tundra zone. (NEDO)

  18. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999. Development of technology to put photovoltaic power generation system for industrial use into practical use (Summary of comprehensive achievement); 1999 nendo sangyoyonado solar system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kenkyu kaihatsu kanri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    NEDO is proceeding with the development of a technology to put photovoltaic power generation system for industrial use into practical use, with an aim of simultaneous solution of sustainable growth and environmental problems. In developing an advanced heat process type system, selection was made on high-performance refrigeration materials for a stand-alone type refrigeration system capable of dealing with levels of minus 20 degrees C or lower (Ti-Ni-Zr-Mn-V based hydrogen absorbing alloys for use at low temperatures, and La-Ni-Sn-Al based hydrogen absorbing alloys for regeneration use). Evaluations were given on the developed refrigeration system by using the dynamic property simulation technology. The developed system achieved a cold heat acquiring temperature of minus 20 degrees or lower, and a heat output of 1,500 kcal/hr or more under the conditions of outside air temperature of 28 degrees C, and collected solar heat temperature of 140 degrees C. CO2 reduction unit requirement was calculated from LCA on a solar heat utilization system with which the future technological development is expected to aim at. Themes proposed to be promoted in the future would include a direct heat utilization system such as the building material integrated system, a freezing and refrigeration system, a high-temperature light and heat collecting system, a harmful substance analyzing system, a high temperature utilizing fuel synthesizing system, a high-efficiency heat storing system, and a snowy cold region system. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1998 result report. Research/development on the energy overall development/utilization technology of gas hydrate resource; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Gas haidoreto shigen no energy sogo kaihatsu riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This study is aimed at studying for survey of gas hydrate (GH) deposit required for GH resource development and gathering of it, and further at studying for industrial utilization technology development of GH which is different in formation condition depending on kind of gas with which it reacts. The results of FY 1998 are as follows. In the study of the situation of existence of gas hydrate in the tundra, the sedimentary environment of the tundra where natural gas hydrate exists was simulated in laboratory to measure thermal conductivity of the sediments including GH. In this fiscal year, design/fabrication/calibration were conducted of the GH synthesizer and thermal analyzer. In the study of GH gathering technology in the tundra, a technology is discussed for recovering gas from GH layer and at the same time substituting CO2 hydrate for GH by blowing CO2 into the geologic layer. In FY 1998, formation/dissociation behaviors were first studied of methane/CO2 mixture hydrate. For the overall energy development of GH resource and promotion of R and D of the utilization technology, studies were made on physical properties of GH and development of the usage. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1999 Report on research and development of power storage by high-temperature superconducting flywheel. Research and development of permanent magnet; 1999 nendo koon chodendo flywheel denryoku chozo kenkyu kaihatsu eikyu jishaku no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    The R and D program is implemented for permanent magnet, as part of the project aimed at commercialization of a 10 MWh-class high-temperature superconducting magnetic bearing type power storage system. A speed of rotation of 28,570 rpm is attained by using an iron intermediate ring for a Pr permanent magnet rotator and reinforcing the rotator with a plastic hoop reinforced with carbon fibers three-fold (CFPR hoop). The speed is increased to 31,300 rpm by interlacing carbon fibers also in the radial direction and replacing iron for the intermediate ring by titanium. The highest speed of rotation of 33,506 rpm is realized by the rotator of permanent magnet of sintered Nd. The magnetic circuit of stronger, more smooth magnetic field needs the permanent magnet of less uneven magnetic flux. The magnet is of a monoaxially anisotropic rare-earth metal, with four-fold magnetic ring bodies having fan-shaped small pieces arranged on each ring. Uneven magnetic flux occurs at the joint between these small pieces. The one-body-ring magnet of radially anisotropic, sintered Nd is developed, and incorporated in the repulsion type magnetic circuit, to reduce unevenness of the magnetic flux. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Development of technology for energy use rationalization); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim is to create inorganic materials with their functions well harmonized and with their reliability remarkably improved, and efforts are made to establish basic technologies with which structural control may be carried out simultaneously for multiple layers in in-process products through positive utilization of various chemical reactions in the materials synthesizing process. This fiscal year's achievements are stated below. A low-temperature pressure nitriding method is developed in which nitriding reaction directly involves the metal aluminum compact for conversion into ceramics, and an aluminum sintered body is produced capable of high thermal conduction of not less than 170w/mk with the original compact shape retained. By a heat treatment in a high-temperature pressure nitriding atmosphere, a success is attained in producing a silicon nitride ceramic body enhanced (150w/mk) in thermal conduction. It is clarified that the microwave-aided selective heating technology works effectively in enhancing the particle growth rate in a liquid-phase sinter system, and a success is won in increasing strength by virtue of the formation of particle-growing particles. (NEDO)

  2. Sunshine Program for fiscal 1981. Development of practical application technologies for photovoltaic power systems (Management of research and development); 1981 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Kenkyu kaihatsu kanri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    To gain a helpful guide toward the next process by properly evaluating the current project, evaluation of cost and inputted energy is indispensable. In fiscal 1981, as the first step of such evaluation effort, a manufacturing process model is built based on data about designing and manufacturing, and is subjected to analysis. Cost forming factors are extracted from the respective processes, and their relations are analyzed. Parameters are analyzed for the survey of energy that a system demands for operation. Test facilities now under construction are also subjected to a cost analysis. A system design document is prepared for cost analysis and for assisting the process improvement and evaluation work. For the establishment of low-cost mass-production technologies, it is necessary to reappraise the currently-employed technologies for all the processes. It is necessary to coordinate the basic processes in terms of dimension and efficiency to enable them to function as a continuous, consistent production process. Target values are set for the respective processes for an output of 500kW/year at a cell conversion efficiency of 9%. In selecting items to be specified and values to be attained, users' requests are fully considered. Details are prudently coordinated of conditions for delivery from a process to another. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D on robot system cooperating and coexisting with human beings. Development of energy conservation technology; 2000 nendo ningen kyocho kyozongata robot system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    Introduction of a number of robots and consumption of a large amount of energy are unavoidable if a complicated process operation is to be carried out by robots in an extensive work site. Great energy conservation is contrived by developing robots applicable to manufacturing in performing a variety of operations in place of human beings and thereby reducing the number of robots to work. This paper explains the fiscal 2000 results. For dual-handed cooperative tasks, a function was examined capable of gripping an object without giving a humanoid robot an instruction of an exact gripping position. A method was designed to prepare a command for the other arm through a command for one arm, with torque impedance control employed for the purpose of avoiding damage due to collision. A study was conducted on a three-dimensional shape detecting model using a visual device of a robot. In grasping problems of balance control of a humanoid robot, the behavior of a robot consisting of multi-links was considered as behavior of inverted pendulum, with possibility checked for the stabilization of the balance. For the purpose of putting the virtual robot platform previously developed to practical use, a three-dimensional operation tool of run-time user interface was developed, with research conducted on the sophistication of robot application. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 R and D report on femtosecond technology (ultra-short pulse optoelectronics technology); 1998 nendo femuto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (chotan pulse hikari electronics gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report reports the result of the fiscal 1998 R and D on femtosecond technology supported by NEDO. For creation of industrial basic technologies supporting the advanced information society in the 21st century, ultra-high speed electronics technology including new functions beyond the speed limit of conventional electronics technologies is indispensable. From such viewpoint, this R and D aims at establishment of the basic technology necessary for ultra- high speed electronics technology through R and D of technology controlling conditions of beams and electrons in a femtosecond (10{sup -15}-10{sup -12} seconds) region. In fiscal 1998, this project first succeeded in fabrication of a prototype pulse compressor by using semiconductors, and developed a new pulse compressing method by using fibers to generate ultra-short pulse of 38fs. By developing new materials for intersubband transition where ultra-high speed responses can be expected, optical absorption by intersubband transition was first confirmed at optical communication wavelength. The main result for every theme is reported and explained. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1993 report on the results of the commissioned research and development project. R and D of SOFC (solid oxide fuel cells); 1983 nendo nenryo denchi hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. SOFC kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-05-01

    The research and development project is carried out for fuel cell power generation technologies and solid electrolyte type fuel cells, and the reports on the FY 1993 results issued by the participant organizations are summarized. For R and D of the modules, Fuji Electric conducted the R and D for the large-area, cell-stacked type, and Sanyo Electric for the composite cell-stacked type. For R and D of the materials and fundamental technologies, Fine Ceramics Center conducted the R and D for microscopic structures of the electrode, Fujikura for electrode structures produced by spraying or the like, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for multi-functional fuel electrodes, Murata Seisakusho for co-sintering technologies, and Mitsui Shipbuilding for current collecting technologies. For R and D of the systems, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry conducted the R and D for the systems, Electric Power Development and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries jointly for designs of the cell peripheries, and the Japan Research and Development Center for Metals for elementary technologies for the peripheral devices. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of femtosecond technology. Development of the ultra-short pulse optoelectronic technology; 2000 nendo femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chotan pulse hikari electronics gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This project aims at creating new industrial basement technology which supports the highly information-oriented society in the 21st century, conducts the R and D of technology to control the state of light and electron in the femtosecond time domain (10{sup -15} - 10{sup -12} sec), and establishes the basement technology which exceeds the speed limit of the conventional electronics technology and also includes new functionality. Especially, it aims at establishing the basement technology of the ultra-high speed optoelectronics which are absolutely necessary for construction of the Tb/s class ultra-high speed/large capacity information communication infrastructure. The results obtained in this fiscal year were as follows: successful transmission of 144km of 600fs optical pulse, successful experiment of 4-chain pulse DEMUX equivalent to 1Tb/s by ultra-high speed intersubband transition optical switch of Sb-base material combination quantum well, realization of 2-bit coding/decoding in the spectral region, realization of serial-parallel conversion motion of optical pulse equivalent to 1Tb/s using squarylium J aggregate thin films, realization of subpico second optical pulse 20nm wavelength conversion by DFB laser structure, etc. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report on development of global warming prevention related technologies in fiscal 1998. Development of environment harmonizing type dye finishing technology; 1998 nendo chikyu ondanka boshi kanren gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata senshoku seiri gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The dye finishing operation in the textile industry places heavy load on the global environment. This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1998 on development of process to eliminate the load. Low-temperature plasma treatment was introduced into the desizing and refining process to develop a continuous treatment process using no water and chemicals. Quality equivalent to that produced by conventional methods was obtained by applying an appropriate plasma treatment condition. The energy saving rate was presented by reduction by 84.3% converted into steam. Conventional dye finishing operation uses three to six times as much water as the cloth weight. The developed air flow treatment device reduced the water ratio to less than one. This is 86.0% reduction of energy consumption converted to steam. In removing pectic substance in cotton refining, no water, chemicals and steam were used, but were substituted by enzyme for continuous treatment. Good finishing result was obtained by performing bleaching and dying. Enzyme cost is an issue, but the cost would decrease if it is used in large quantity. A two-dimensional colorimeter (measures cloth color with high clarity and reproducibility) and an automatic dye preparing device (with high volume measuring performance) were developed. If the cost required for re-coloring under the present inspection method is converted into energy, it corresponds to 81.6% reduction. (NEDO)

  8. Research and development of basic technologies for next generation industries, 'composite materials'. Evaluation on final research and development (interim report); Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Fukugo zairyo (saishu kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka 2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-05-01

    Development was made on a technology to evaluate quality of composite materials. Few data are available for environmental resistance of composite materials, whereas identification of environmental deterioration behavior and establishment of a environmental resistance evaluating technology are a significant issue in utilizing these materials as new materials for space, aeronautics, and marine applications in the future. The present research was taken up with objectives to elucidate deterioration behavior of composite materials exposed to special environment in the atmosphere and space and to establish methods for acceleration tests and environmental performance evaluation by using simulated environments equivalent to the natural environment exposure. The former period (fiscal 1982 through 1984) has investigated environmental conditions in the atmosphere and space, prepared standard test specimens, performed design on environmental devices simulating the environmental elements, as well as tests on deterioration due to environmental elements, and systematized the deterioration characteristics to establish composite test conditions. The latter period (fiscal 1985 through 1988) has developed the composite environment testing device based on the result achieved in the former period, elucidated the deterioration behavior under the composite environmental conditions, and performed evaluation tests on the developed composite materials (FRP). (NEDO)

  9. Report on results concerning development of supermetal technology (FY2000). Development of technology for aluminum-based mesoscopic-structured metallic material; Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (2000 nendo). Aluminium kei mesoscopic soshiki seigyo zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the purpose of developing high strength alloys through grain refinement, R and D was conducted, with fiscal 2000 results compiled. This year, using hot rolled plates and cold rolled plates of 5083 based alloys, research was carried out on an optimum warm processing method for forming microstructures. When 5083 alloys were rolled with a large reduction by one pass under a warm to hot temperature range, recrystallized grain structures were obtained having 3-4 {mu}m in the surface and 7-8 {mu}m in the center. The proof stress of these specimens was about 1.3 times as strong as an ordinary 5083 alloy soft material while the elongation was about the same. In the case of 7475 based alloys with Zr added in place of Cr, a warm rolling method, in which the alloys were heated to 350 degrees C and repeatedly reheated by one pass at that temperature, was found effective in forming micro-subgrain structures. By the warm rolling method in which roll temperature was suitably heated, it was made possible to steadily form thermally stable microstructures in 7475 based alloys. The 7475 based alloy plate having a microstructure is superior to an ordinary 7574 plate in resistance against stress corrosion cracking. (NEDO)

  10. Research and development of basic technologies for next-generation industries. Evaluation of 2nd phase research and development of technologies of mass culture of cells; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu saibo tairyo baiyo gijutsu. Dainiki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-03-30

    The project aims to establish basic technologies for the mass culture of cells which will enable a large, stable supply of fine chemical products whose industrial production the conventional technique of synthesis has failed to realize. In the 1st phase, cell stains were selected, a serumless medium was developed, basic culturing conditions were established, and substances production rates were improved, and the 2nd phase stands succeeding these 1st phase achievements. Toward the ultimate goal of establishing basic technologies for serumless high-density cultures for industrial use and technologies for isolating and refining useful substances, a small-scale optimum culture technique and a serumless culture technique are developed. Serumless cultures are developed for strains of man's lymphoid cells, cells deriving from bone marrow, epithelial cells, and hybridomas of man and mouse, all these sampled during the 1st phase endeavors. Success is attained in growing each cell strain on a scale of 1-10L to increase to 10{sup 7} cells/ml or more in population density. It is found that each cell strain produces useful substances, such as man's monoclonal antibodies and elements involved in the multiplication or differentiation of new cells. (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Research and development of anti-corrosion technologies for oil production system); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekiyu seisan system fushoku boshi gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A computer simulation-aided designing technology is completed to help develop synergy ceramics which are complicated in phase constitution and material structure. A program, which simulates sintering and particle growth for multiple solid-state and solid-state/liquid-phase systems, has been built assuming the form of an integrated micro/nano level simulation technology based on the Monte Carlo method. The new program applies to systems consisting of more than three different phases, and deals in a uniform way with the designing of various textures formable by transfer of matters in solid-state particle growth, Ostwalt ripening, solid-state sintering, liquid-phase sintering, and additive reaction. The Monte Carlo method-assisted program is applied to systems based on AlN, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and a good result is achieved in each case. The molecular dynamic method is mainly used in atom level simulation for application to ZrO{sub 2}-Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Si-C-N, and a good result is achieved in each case. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Development of technology for energy use rationalization); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim is to create inorganic materials with their functions well harmonized and with their reliability remarkably improved, and efforts are made to establish basic technologies with which structural control may be carried out simultaneously for multiple layers in in-process products through positive utilization of various chemical reactions in the materials synthesizing process. This fiscal year's achievements are stated below. A low-temperature pressure nitriding method is developed in which nitriding reaction directly involves the metal aluminum compact for conversion into ceramics, and an aluminum sintered body is produced capable of high thermal conduction of not less than 170w/mk with the original compact shape retained. By a heat treatment in a high-temperature pressure nitriding atmosphere, a success is attained in producing a silicon nitride ceramic body enhanced (150w/mk) in thermal conduction. It is clarified that the microwave-aided selective heating technology works effectively in enhancing the particle growth rate in a liquid-phase sinter system, and a success is won in increasing strength by virtue of the formation of particle-growing particles. (NEDO)

  13. Research on natural gas fuel injection system. Development of high-performance pressure regulator; Tennen gas yo nenryo funsha system no kenkyu kaihatsu. 1. Tennen gas nenryo funshayo no koseino regulator kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, S; Ishii, M; Takigawa, B; Makabe, K; Harada, S; Ono, H [Nippon Carburetor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    With the aim of further reducing the exhaust emissions of natural-gas vehicles, vigorous research and development work is under way today on multi point gas injection (MPGI) system. In this studies, a high-performance pressure regulator, which is one of the main components of this MPGI system, has been newly developed. The results showed that a significantly better accuracy of the regulated pressure level using this regulator was obtained under the wide range of operating conditions, including instantaneously greater changes of fuel flow rate. In addition, the advanced studies of gaseous fuel injectors (GFIs) would be also conducted. 4 refs., 8 figs.

  14. Development of active rear steer actuator. Development of four wheel steer actuator for active safety; Active rear steer actuator no kaihatsu. Yobo anzen ni muketa 4WS actuator no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamanaka, T [Aisin Seiki Co. Ltd., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Recently, ecology, energy saving and safety have become important issues. And Active Safety is spotlighted in vehicle control area. Many researches and developments on four wheel steer system have been done to improve vehicle stability. We have developed the Active Rear Steer system with electromechanical Actuator, which is mass-productive, compact, and high response and durable. 10 figs., 5 tabs.

  15. Fiscal 1996 achievement report. Development of liquid fuel conversion technology (Development for practical application of a new production process); 1996 nendo ekitai nenryo tenkan gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinseizo process jitsuyoka kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The research and development aims to establish, through verification tests, practical application technologies for two methods, namely, a 'low-temperature liquid phase method' by which cost will be reduced thanks to simplified plant facilities and a 'vapor phase fluidized bed method' in which a composite reforming process may be combined for better economics of scale with a vapor phase fluidized methanol synthesizing method whose facilities may be built to be very large. For the former method, development efforts are made to enable catalyst performance characterization and low-temperature liquid phase methanol production using a small pyrolysis reactor. In the research on pyrolysis reaction, a Raney copper/KOMe/MeOH-based catalyst is used, and this attains a raw material gas conversion efficiency of 92.7%. In the construction of a low temperature liquid phase process, it is found that a single spun conversion efficiency of not less than 90% may be achieved using a heterogeneous catalyst. For the latter method, studies are conducted for the development of, and for the establishment of technologies for designing, synthetic gas production technologies in the development of a heat exchanger type composite reforming furnace and a fluidized bed methanol production process, the development of a catalyst manufacturing technology for fluidized bed practical application, the development of a fluidized bed methanol production technology, and the optimization of the process and its economic efficiency. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D on high performance industrial furnace, etc.; 1999 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the development of high performance industrial furnace, initial targets were achieved such as energy saving of 30%, downsizing of 20%, and a remarkable NOx reduction. To verify the achievement, the test field project is being worked on by NEDO. In FY 1998, 23 heating furnaces, 29 heat treat furnaces and 6 melting furnaces were under the project at energy saving effect of 52,000 kl converted to crude oil. In FY 1999, 18 heating furnaces, 26 heat treat furnaces and 7 melting furnaces are now under the project at energy saving effect of 57,000 kl. The project was awarded 'The 9th Nikkei Global Environmental Technology Prize.' The themes for the R and D are as follows: high efficiency exhaust heat utilization system, self-completion type high temperature/high radiation heating technology, technology to make heat transfer in steel heating suitable under non-stationary state, high efficiency heat transfer technology, technology to optimize the shape of heating furnace, high performance atmosphere heat treat furnace, high efficiency heat transfer technology by high temperature jet flame heating, technology of high efficiency aluminum melting furnace, technology to improve soaking degree in steel heating, high performance tubular heating furnace in oil refining, optimum combustion control technology of regenerative burner furnace, and laser measuring method inside industrial furnace. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1996 verification survey of geothermal exploration technology. Development of the fracture type reservoir exploration method (development of the elastic wave use exploration method); 1996 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Danretsugata choryuso tansaho kaihatsu (danseiha riyo tansaho kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of exploring accurately fracture groups greatly restricting the fluid flow of geothermal reservoirs, technical development was made for applying the elastic wave exploration technology such as the high precision reflection method, VSP, elastic wave tomography to the geothermal exploration. The Okiri area, Kagoshima prefecture was selected as a demonstrative field of a typical type where the steep and predominant fracture rules the geothermal reservoir, and experiments were conducted using the high precision reflection method and VSP. Fracture models were made, and the analysis results were studied by a survey using the array CSMT/MT method and by a comparison with existing data. Reformation of the underground receiving system used for VSP and elastic tomography is made for improvement of its viability, and was applied to the VSP experiment. The treatment/analysis system of the core analyzer was improved, and cores of the demonstrative field were analyzed/measured. Further, the exploration results, core analysis results and existing data were synthetically analyzed, and fracture models of the demonstrative field were constructed. Also, effectiveness and viability of the elastic wave use exploration method were studied. 90 refs., 418 figs., 24 tabs.

  18. Research and development of basic technologies for next generation industries, 'high-efficiency polymeric separation membrane material'. Evaluation on first term final research and development; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Kokoritsu kobunshi bunrimaku zairyo (daiikki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-30

    The first term has performed research and development placing emphasis on that 'the basic study on membrane separation is to be performed systematically to elucidate governing factors in membrane separation'. With respect to water/ethanol separation by using the penetration gasifying method, it was indicated that excellent separation performance can be exhibited by using natural polymers having sugar chain skeleton as a raw material, and by controlling the membrane structure by means of membrane manufacturing methods. For enhancement of performance in water selective permeation type separation membrane, it was shown experimentally that it is important to select a membrane suitable for the object of separation and a separation method that uses the selected membrane. Regarding the water/ethanol separation, it was shown theoretically that the penetration gasifying method can save more energy than the conventional distillation method, where the development target was presented. It was recognized that impregnation type liquid membrane using crown ether can separate amino acid optical isomers. High separation performance was obtained in carbon monoxide/nitrogen separation by using fluid carrier that uses cuprous iodine/1-methyl imidazole. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar heat power generation system (R and D on tower solar collection system); 1974 nendo taiyonetsu hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tower shuko hoshiki system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-05-29

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1974 research result on the solar heat power generation system with a tower light collection system. This system receives solar radiation energy by reflector group, and concentrates solar energy reflected by each reflector on the heat absorber mounted on the top of the tower. A ratio of the whole reflector group area to the receiving area of the heat absorber is called a concentration factor. The heat absorber converts concentrated dense radiation energy to thermal energy, and transfers heated thermal medium to the bottom of the tower to supply solar heat to a thermal plant after appropriate treatment. Based on the above basic idea, study was made on the total system and each subsystem, and some problems on component equipment and materials were extracted. After solving these problems and improving the whole system accuracy, these results are put to practical use for design and operation of an actual pilot plant. The main research items are as follows: feasibility study, simulation, element study, preparation of a 10kWT test equipment, and planning of a 1,000kW class pilot plant. (NEDO)

  20. Research and development of basic technologies for next generation industries, 'high-performance crystalline controlled alloy'. Evaluation on final research and development (final report); Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Koseino kessho seigyo gokin (saishu kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka 2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-05-01

    A proposal was given on a new processing process to use Ni-group super alloy, and elucidation was given on super plasticity phenomenon by using non-destructive tests. The Ni-group super heat-resistant alloy Mod. IN-100 subjected to different preforms by means of extrusion was given a super plasticity test at 1,050 degrees C to derive total elongation and 'm' value. As a result, it was disclosed that a material annealed for one hour at 1,070 degrees C after extrusion of 70% at 1,100 degrees C possesses the maximum 'm' value in the vicinity of 2.0 times 10{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The largest key to the new processing method is to improve the nature of the material, in which the plasticity manifestation velocity is accelerated by ten times to the order of 10{sup -2}s{sup -1} as described above. In addition, forging of IN-100 was made possible by using the ordinary forging equipment with the use of two-fold measures. The measures consist of maintaining temperature of IN-100 during casting by heating the die material to about 600 degrees C, rather than keeping it at a constant temperature, and then packing IN-100 in S35C steel material to accommodate the temperature decrease during casting inside the S35C pack. Thus, a processing method was made practical, eliminating need of the forging process to compress and solidify powder itself, that is the extrusion process. (NEDO)