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Sample records for kai-uwe sattler eike

  1. CHOROIDAL THICKNESS IN PATIENTS WITH CENTRAL SEROUS CHORIORETINOPATHY: Assessment of Haller and Sattler Layers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yoo-Ri; Kim, Jong Wan; Kim, Seung Woo; Lee, Kihwang

    2016-09-01

    To investigate subfoveal choroidal thickness and subanalyze Haller and Sattler layers in eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), uninvolved fellow eyes, and eyes of healthy controls using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography. Ocular findings and clinical features of 31 eyes with CSC, 24 fellow eyes and eyes of 30 healthy controls were analyzed retrospectively from October, 2014 to March, 2015. Subfoveal choroidal thickness was measured using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, and the thicknesses of Haller and Sattler layers were analyzed. Mean subfoveal choroidal thickness and mean thickness of Haller layer were significantly greater in CSC than in fellow eyes (P = 0.043 and P = 0.036, respectively) and in normal control eyes (P thickness of Sattler layer did not differ significantly among these groups (P = 0.519). Subfoveal choroidal thickness and the thickness of Haller layer were increased not only in affected but also in uninvolved fellow eyes of CSC patients. Nonvascular smooth muscle cells of the choroid may play a role in the pathophysiology of CSC, in response to increased sympathetic tone.

  2. Choroid, Haller's, and Sattler's layer thickness in intermediate age-related macular degeneration with and without fellow neovascular eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeelpour, Marieh; Ansari-Shahrezaei, Siamak; Glittenberg, Carl; Nemetz, Susanne; Kraus, Martin F; Hornegger, Joachim; Fujimoto, James G; Drexler, Wolfgang; Binder, Susanne

    2014-07-22

    To analyze choroidal, Sattler's, and Haller's layer thickness maps in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients having eyes with bilateral large drusen and pigment changes (intermediate AMD), in patients having intermediate AMD eyes with neovascular fellow eyes (nAMD), and in healthy subjects using three-dimensional (3D) 1060-nm optical coherence tomography (OCT). Automatically generated choroidal thickness (ChT), retinal thickness, and Sattler's and Haller's layer thickness maps were statistically analyzed in 67 subjects consisting of intermediate AMD (n = 21), intermediate AMD (n = 22) with fellow nAMD eyes (n = 22), and healthy eyes (n = 24) with no age and axial eye length difference between groups of eyes (P > 0.05, ANOVA). Eyes were imaged by a prototype high-speed (60,000 A-scans/s) spectral-domain 3D 1060-nm OCT over a 36° × 36° field of view. The mean ± SD (μm) subfoveal ChT for healthy subjects and for bilateral intermediate AMD, unilateral intermediate AMD, and their nAMD fellow eyes was 259 ± 95 and 222 ± 98, 149 ± 60, and 171 ± 78, respectively. Choroidal thickness maps demonstrated significant submacular thinning in unilateral intermediate AMD in comparison to healthy and bilateral intermediate AMD eyes (P choroid and its sublayers, there was no difference between the intermediate AMD eyes and their fellow nAMD eyes (paired testing, P choroidal imaging visualized significant changes in choroidal, Sattler's, and Haller's layer thickness in relation to the progression of AMD. This may be important for understanding the choroidopathy in the pathophysiology of AMD. Copyright 2014 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.

  3. Eugene O'Neill "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" / Ellu Eik ; interv. Ene Paaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eik, Ellu

    2008-01-01

    Seoses Eesti Draamateatri suvelavastusega "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" (autor Eugene O'Neill ja lavastaja Merle Karusoo) räägib Lääne-Tallinna Keskhaigla Sõltuvusravikeskuse psühhiaater Ellu Eik sõltuvuse tagamaadest ja mõjudest

  4. Eugene O'Neill "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" / Ellu Eik ; interv. Ene Paaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eik, Ellu

    2008-01-01

    Seoses Eesti Draamateatri suvelavastusega "Pikk päevatee kaob öösse" (autor Eugene O'Neill ja lavastaja Merle Karusoo) räägib Lääne-Tallinna Keskhaigla Sõltuvusravikeskuse psühhiaater Ellu Eik sõltuvuse tagamaadest ja mõjudest

  5. Effect of BDNF pre-treated on expression of phospho-EIK-1 in rat retina after acute high intraocular pressure%外源性BDNF对急性高眼压后大鼠视网膜EIK-1磷酸化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋丽珠; 赵红念; 高春燕; 李云

    2009-01-01

    To investigate the effect of brain-derived neurotrophie factor(BDNF) pre-treated an the expression of phospho-EIK-1 (p-EIK-1)in rat retina after acute high intraocular pressure(HIOP), seventy-two adult rats were randomly divided into acute HIOP group, BDNF pre-treated HIOP group and vehicle pre-treated HIOP group. The left eyes of rata in BDNF pre-treated HIOP group and vehicle pre-treated HIOP group were injected with BDNF or vehicle respectively 2 days before HIOP. The intrancular pressure of all left eyes was increased un-til b wave of flash eleetroretinogragh (fERG) disappeared and such pressure maintained for 60 minutes. All the right eyes were served as normal control group. The rata were sacrificed after 1,3,7 or 14 days, immuanhistechemistry for detecting the expression of p-EIK-1 was used. The results showed that compared to the normal control group, the p-EIK-1 immunopositive cells in ganglion cell layer were de-creased significantly (P < 0.05) during reperfusion in the acute HIOP group. The expression of p-EIK-1 during reperfusion in vehicle con-trol group was similar to those in acute HIOP group. In the BDNF pre-treated HIOP group, the p-EIK-1 immunopositive cells in ganglion cell layer were similar to those of the normal group at 1,3 and 7 days following HIOP, but at 14 day group p-EIK-1 immunopositive cells in ganglion cell layer were decreased markedly(P <0.05). These results indicate that the protective function of exogenous BDNF to in-jured retina may be involved in promoting the phosphorylation of EIK-1 in ganglion cell layer of the retina.%为了研究脑源性神经营养因子(BDNF)干预对急性高眼压(HIOP)后大鼠视网膜EIK-1磷酸化的影响,本实验将72只成年大鼠随机分为单纯高眼压组、BDNF预处理高眼压组和溶媒预处理高眼压组.BDNF预处理高眼压组和溶媒预处理高眼压组动物左眼于加压前2 d分别给予BDNF预处理或溶媒,右眼设为正常对照.各组动物左眼眼压升高至闪

  6. Põllumajanduskeskkond / Eike Lepmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepmets, Eike

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Agriculture and the development of rural life : overview 2004/2005. - Tallinn, 2005, lk. 121-124. Eesti maaelu arengukava 2004-2006 raames, kus keskkonnatoetuste eelarve moodustab ca 38%, toetati 2004. a. keskkonnasõbralikku ja mahepõllumajanduslikku tootmist ning eesti tõugu hobuse kasvatamist

  7. Koletis sündis kurvast eluloost / Eike Kingsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kingsepp, Eike

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Koletis" ("Monster") : režissöör ja stsenarist Patty Jenkins : peaosas Charlize Theron : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Saksamaa 2003. Peaosatäitja prototüübiks oli USA naissarimõrvar Aileen Wuornos

  8. Koletis sündis kurvast eluloost / Eike Kingsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kingsepp, Eike

    2007-01-01

    Mängufilm "Koletis" ("Monster") : režissöör ja stsenarist Patty Jenkins : peaosas Charlize Theron : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Saksamaa 2003. Peaosatäitja prototüübiks oli USA naissarimõrvar Aileen Wuornos

  9. Metaforen voor de wildernis : eik, hazelaar, rund en paard

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vera, F.W.M.

    1997-01-01

    This thesis is a literature study. It focuses on the theory that a climax vegetation of closed forest systems covered the lowlands of Central and Western Europe in prehistoric times before man intervened and that it would still be there had this intervention not taken place. The theory also

  10. Metaforen voor de wildernis. Eik, hazelaar, rund en paard.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vera, F.W.M.

    1997-01-01

    This thesis is a literature study. It focuses on the theory that a climax vegetation of closed forest systems covered the lowlands of Central and Western Europe in prehistoric times before man intervened and that it would still be there had this intervention not taken place. The theory also states t

  11. Enforcing the Judgments of the ECtHR in Russia in Light of the Amendments to the Law on the Constitutional Court / Kerttu Mäger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäger, Kerttu, 1986-

    2016-01-01

    Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu (EIK) kohtuotsuste jõustamisest Venemaal. EIK kohtuotsuste kohustuslikkusest. EIK kohtuotsuste tõlgendamisest ja valikulisest rakendamisest Venema konstitutsioonikohtu poolt

  12. Enforcing the Judgments of the ECtHR in Russia in Light of the Amendments to the Law on the Constitutional Court / Kerttu Mäger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäger, Kerttu, 1986-

    2016-01-01

    Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu (EIK) kohtuotsuste jõustamisest Venemaal. EIK kohtuotsuste kohustuslikkusest. EIK kohtuotsuste tõlgendamisest ja valikulisest rakendamisest Venema konstitutsioonikohtu poolt

  13. Ekslik on omane on sassis = Erroneous is own is messy / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik

    2010-01-01

    Miks on eksimine ja segadus kodudest rääkimisel taunitav, miks ei juleta süüvida omasusetunde lätetesse, mis sisaldab paraja annuse segamini olekut. Seesama argus, mis hoiab meid ekslemast, hoiab meid ka veavabaduse ja korras tubade ahelais, kaugel omasusest

  14. Ruumieelikutest kogukonnaeelikuteni = From proto-spaces to proto-communities / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik

    2012-01-01

    Ärgitavast ruumist. Ärgitava ruumi ja ärksa kogukonna vastastiktekkimisest. Ärgitavast ruumist avaliku linnaruumi kontekstis. Linnalistest sekkumistest: sodimine, installatiivsete väikevormide loomine jm. Üllatusruumide spektrist: vasturuum, etendusruum, mänguruum

  15. Kiviõli Seikluskeskuse teenindushoone = Kiviõli Adventure Centre service building / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik, 1978-

    2013-01-01

    Kiviõli tuhamäe jalamile erhitatud Kiviõli Seikluskeskuse teenindushoone välispindade materjaliks on valitud Con-Ten teras ja puit. Projekteerija: BF Projektibüroo. Autor: Koit Ojaliiv (Kuu Arhitektid). Sisekujundus: Kohvi OÜ (Hannes Praks, Eeva Masso) projekti ainetel. Projekt: 2007-2010. Valmis: 2013

  16. Araabia šeik ostis tüki Tallinnas tegutsevast pangast / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    SBM panga omaniku Marfin Grupi suurimaks aktsionäriks tõusis Dubai Financials, mis on autori sõnul emiiriperekonna Al Maktoumi võimalus Euroopasse sisenemisel. Marfini peajuristi Fotios Karatzenise hinnangul on huvitavad investeerimisobjektid Eestis sadamad ja kinnisvara. Vt. samas intervjuud Fotios Karatzenisega. Lisad: Teine tase; Marfin Grupp: Kreeka-Araabia pank

  17. Opnieuw problemen voor eik en kastanje; insectenplagen op bomen en struiken in 2003

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moraal, L.G.

    2004-01-01

    Bijna 400 vrijwilligers, zoals beheerders en andere belangstellenden doen mee aan de jaarlijkse monitoring van insectenplagen. Enkele opvallende ontwikkelingen in 2003 waren veel spinselmotten, verder uitbreiding van de paardenkastanjemineermot en alweer het dertiende jaar van de eikenprocessierups.

  18. Araabia šeik ostis tüki Tallinnas tegutsevast pangast / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    SBM panga omaniku Marfin Grupi suurimaks aktsionäriks tõusis Dubai Financials, mis on autori sõnul emiiriperekonna Al Maktoumi võimalus Euroopasse sisenemisel. Marfini peajuristi Fotios Karatzenise hinnangul on huvitavad investeerimisobjektid Eestis sadamad ja kinnisvara. Vt. samas intervjuud Fotios Karatzenisega. Lisad: Teine tase; Marfin Grupp: Kreeka-Araabia pank

  19. Ekslik on omane on sassis = Erroneous is own is messy / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik

    2010-01-01

    Miks on eksimine ja segadus kodudest rääkimisel taunitav, miks ei juleta süüvida omasusetunde lätetesse, mis sisaldab paraja annuse segamini olekut. Seesama argus, mis hoiab meid ekslemast, hoiab meid ka veavabaduse ja korras tubade ahelais, kaugel omasusest

  20. Ruumieelikutest kogukonnaeelikuteni = From proto-spaces to proto-communities / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik

    2012-01-01

    Ärgitavast ruumist. Ärgitava ruumi ja ärksa kogukonna vastastiktekkimisest. Ärgitavast ruumist avaliku linnaruumi kontekstis. Linnalistest sekkumistest: sodimine, installatiivsete väikevormide loomine jm. Üllatusruumide spektrist: vasturuum, etendusruum, mänguruum

  1. Kiviõli Seikluskeskuse teenindushoone = Kiviõli Adventure Centre service building / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik, 1978-

    2013-01-01

    Kiviõli tuhamäe jalamile erhitatud Kiviõli Seikluskeskuse teenindushoone välispindade materjaliks on valitud Con-Ten teras ja puit. Projekteerija: BF Projektibüroo. Autor: Koit Ojaliiv (Kuu Arhitektid). Sisekujundus: Kohvi OÜ (Hannes Praks, Eeva Masso) projekti ainetel. Projekt: 2007-2010. Valmis: 2013

  2. ¿Qué hay en un eik'óse (cuento kawésqar? Perdido en la traducción (What's in a Kawesqar eik'óse (story? Lost in translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Aguilera

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se examinan algunos rasgos característicos de los cuentos kawésqar, aspecto desconocido a la fecha de la literatura oral de uno de los pueblos fueguinos más antiguos de Chile; asimismo se analizan en general algunos problemas de la traducción de este tipo de literatura oral y, en particular, los que se han encontrado en la traducción de estos textos kawésqar. (This article examines some features of Kawesqar stories, so far an unknown aspect of the oral literature of this ethnic group, one of the most ancient Fueguian peoples of Chile. Some issues in translating this type of oral literature is also examined from a general point of view and, in particular, issues found in the translation of Kawesqar texts.

  3. Naeru vääristamine : mäng, mänglevus, nali / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik

    2006-01-01

    Naerust kui tegutsemisjõu allikast, õhustiku-naljadest ja masin-naljadest, punkt-naljadest ja anonüümsetest naljadest, nalja seotusest ebaõnnestumise ja mänglevusega, mänglevuse seotusest põgenemisega, Spinoza naeru käsitlusest, kahest Delueze'i kirjeldatud viisist, kuidas lugeda raamatuid

  4. Naeru vääristamine : mäng, mänglevus, nali / Eik Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Eik

    2006-01-01

    Naerust kui tegutsemisjõu allikast, õhustiku-naljadest ja masin-naljadest, punkt-naljadest ja anonüümsetest naljadest, nalja seotusest ebaõnnestumise ja mänglevusega, mänglevuse seotusest põgenemisega, Spinoza naeru käsitlusest, kahest Delueze'i kirjeldatud viisist, kuidas lugeda raamatuid

  5. Morality and ethics in high technology; Moral und Ethik in der Spitzentechnologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeter, K.U.

    2003-06-01

    The ethical debate about what is feasible culminates, for one side, in the indignant moral question whether man is allowed to do all he is able to do and, for the other side, in the very obligation to keep redefining the limits of creation, and to act accordingly. Consequently, the Young Generation, at their meeting in Gronau, Westphalia (about which we reported), discussed about ''High Technology - Responsible on Ethical and Moral Grounds?'' The paper presented to the participants by pastor Kai Uwe Schroeter reflects this dichotomy, but also takes a clear position in favor of the expansion of nuclear power. This issue of atw contains a revised version of the paper. It is published in the hope that it will furnish arguments for the philosophical and ethical debates about high technology. (orig.) [German] Die ethische Diskussion ueber das Machbare gipfelt fuer die einen in der moralischen Entruestung: ''Darf der Mensch alles, was er kann?'', fuer die anderen geradezu in der Verpflichtung, die Grenzen der Schoepfung immer neu zu definieren - und entsprechend zu handeln. ''Spitzentechnologie - ethisch und moralisch verantwortbar'' lautete demgemaess das Thema der Jungen Generation bei ihrer vergangenen Tagung im westfaelischen Gronau (die afw berichtete). Der von Pfarrer Kai Uwe Schroeter vor den Teilnehmern gehaltene Vortrag spiegelt dieses Spannungsfeld wider, bezieht aber auch eindeutig Position fuer den Ausbau der Kernenergie. Wir veroeffentlichen an dieser Stelle den Vortrag in ueberarbeiteter Fassung und hoffen damit zur philosophisch-ethischen Diskussion der Spitzentechnologie Argumentationshilfen zu liefern. (orig.)

  6. Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohus ja Eesti õigus: kas monoloog või dialoog? Eesti kohta tehtud lahendite mõju Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu praktikale / Julia Laffranque

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laffranque, Julia, 1974-

    2016-01-01

    Eesti kohta tehtud EIK lahendite, sh kaudselt Eesti õiguse ja kohtupraktika mõjust EIK üldisele praktikale. Praktika mõjust ühiskonna arengu, karistusõiguse, kriminaalmenetluse ja kinnipeetavate tingimuste aspektist

  7. Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohus ja Eesti õigus: kas monoloog või dialoog? Eesti kohta tehtud lahendite mõju Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu praktikale / Julia Laffranque

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laffranque, Julia, 1974-

    2016-01-01

    Eesti kohta tehtud EIK lahendite, sh kaudselt Eesti õiguse ja kohtupraktika mõjust EIK üldisele praktikale. Praktika mõjust ühiskonna arengu, karistusõiguse, kriminaalmenetluse ja kinnipeetavate tingimuste aspektist

  8. Muusika : Jeremija nutulaulud palmipuudepühal. Jätkub "Musica Grande". Lihavõttetervitus Barcelonast. Rannap "Selges eesti helikeeles". Juba XIII trompetipäevad. III klavessiinipäevad / Jaan-Eik Tulve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulve, Jaan-Eik, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    Vox Clamantise kontsertidest Tartus ja Tallinnas. Jätkub sari "Musica Grande" kontsertidega Tartus ja Tallinnas pealkirjaga "Kontsertlik". Eestisse sõidab esinema üks Hispaania tippkoore Coral Cantiga Barcelonast. Rein Rannapi tänavusest suurprojektist, klaveriõhtust "Selges eesti helikeeles". 1. - 7. aprillini toimuvad EMA rahvusvahelised trompetipäevad. 4. - 7. aprillini korraldab Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunft III klavessiinipäevad

  9. Muusika : Jeremija nutulaulud palmipuudepühal. Jätkub "Musica Grande". Lihavõttetervitus Barcelonast. Rannap "Selges eesti helikeeles". Juba XIII trompetipäevad. III klavessiinipäevad / Jaan-Eik Tulve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tulve, Jaan-Eik, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    Vox Clamantise kontsertidest Tartus ja Tallinnas. Jätkub sari "Musica Grande" kontsertidega Tartus ja Tallinnas pealkirjaga "Kontsertlik". Eestisse sõidab esinema üks Hispaania tippkoore Coral Cantiga Barcelonast. Rein Rannapi tänavusest suurprojektist, klaveriõhtust "Selges eesti helikeeles". 1. - 7. aprillini toimuvad EMA rahvusvahelised trompetipäevad. 4. - 7. aprillini korraldab Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunft III klavessiinipäevad

  10. Cutoff Theory of Impact Broadening and Shifting of Microwave and Infrared Molecular Spectra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    PAGE’IVAen Dato Etomo.) CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................... 5 2 . GENERAL DERIVATION...WATJEN ATTN C. MORRISON, 13200 3980 EL CAMINO ROAD ATTN J. SATTLER, 13200 PALO ALTO, CA 94306 ATTN G. SIMONIS, 13200 ATTN M. TOBIN, 13200 UNIVERSITY

  11. Ettevaatust, šoti tantsu pisik! / Anu Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Anu

    2006-01-01

    Šoti keilitantsudest ja sellest, kuidas tantsud Eike Albert-Undi kaudu Eestisse jõudsid. Koostöös Angela Arraste (TLÜ rahvatantsuansambli Soveldajad juht) ja Tallinna Ülikooliga on Eike Albert-Undil ilmunud ka raamatuke " Šoti keilitantsud"

  12. Ettevaatust, šoti tantsu pisik! / Anu Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõttus, Anu

    2006-01-01

    Šoti keilitantsudest ja sellest, kuidas tantsud Eike Albert-Undi kaudu Eestisse jõudsid. Koostöös Angela Arraste (TLÜ rahvatantsuansambli Soveldajad juht) ja Tallinna Ülikooliga on Eike Albert-Undil ilmunud ka raamatuke " Šoti keilitantsud"

  13. Is physician supervision of the capsaicin 8% patch administration procedure really necessary? An opinion from health care professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kern KU

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Kai-Uwe Kern,1 Janice England,2 Andrea Roth-Daniek,3 Till Wagner3 1Institute for Pain Medicine/Pain Practice, Wiesbaden, Germany; 2Pain Medicine and Anaesthesia, The Christie National Health Service Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK; 3Pain Therapy and Palliative Care Department, Medizinisches Zentrum Städteregion Aachen, Aachen, Germany Abstract: Neuropathic pain is difficult to treat and can have a severe effect on quality of life. The capsaicin 8% patch is a novel treatment option that directly targets the source of peripheral neuropathic pain. It can provide pain relief for up to 12 weeks in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain. Treatment with the capsaicin 8% patch follows a clearly defined procedure, and patch application must be carried out by a physician or a health care professional under the supervision of a physician. Nonetheless, in our experience, nurses often take the lead role in capsaicin 8% patch application without the involvement of a physician. We believe that the nurse's key role is of benefit to the patients, as he or she may be better placed, because of time constraints and patient relationships, to support the patient through the application procedure than a physician. Moreover, a number of frequently prescribed drugs, including botulinum toxin and infliximab, can be administered by health care professionals without the requirement for physician supervision. Here we argue that current guidance should be amended to remove the requirement for physician supervision during application of the capsaicin 8% patch. Keywords: capsaicin, neuropathic pain, topical, health care professional, physician, nurse

  14. Corpus analysis and automatic detection of emotion-including keywords

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Bo; He, Xiangqing; Liu, Ying

    2013-12-01

    Emotion words play a vital role in many sentiment analysis tasks. Previous research uses sentiment dictionary to detect the subjectivity or polarity of words. In this paper, we dive into Emotion-Inducing Keywords (EIK), which refers to the words in use that convey emotion. We first analyze an emotion corpus to explore the pragmatic aspects of EIK. Then we design an effective framework for automatically detecting EIK in sentences by utilizing linguistic features and context information. Our system outperforms traditional dictionary-based methods dramatically in increasing Precision, Recall and F1-score.

  15. Kultuurikeskus muutis filmielamuse nauditavamaks / Margit Õkva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õkva, Margit

    2008-01-01

    Põlva kultuurikeskuse uus Dolby Digital helisüsteem on tekitanud kinopubliku hulgas vastakaid arvamusi. Heli tugevusest ja digiheli omapärast räägib kultuurikeskuse direktriss Eike Feigelbaum. Kommenteerib kinomehaanik Tambet Pulk

  16. Kas hakkas hirm võõrale maale ära kaduda? / Mööna Tilder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tilder, Mööna

    2010-01-01

    Eike Ülevainu, Jaak Sapase ning Eneli Meresmaa lavastus "Estonia Meets Africa ehk Vaade eemalt", mis kannab tinglikult dokumentaallavastuse nime ja esitatakse nüüdistantsu ja -teatri vormis. Esietendus 9. dets. Tallinna Meistrite Hoovi teatrisaalis

  17. Tantsuline vaade kodusele Eestimaale Aafrikast / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    9. dets. esietendub Tallinna Meistrite Hoovi teatrisaalis Eike Ülevainu, Jaak Sapase ning Eneli Meresmaa lavastus "Estonia Meets Africa ehk Vaade eemalt", mis kannab tinglikult dokumentaallavastuse nime ja esitatakse nüüdistantsu ja -teatri vormis

  18. Tantsuline vaade kodusele Eestimaale Aafrikast / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    9. dets. esietendub Tallinna Meistrite Hoovi teatrisaalis Eike Ülevainu, Jaak Sapase ning Eneli Meresmaa lavastus "Estonia Meets Africa ehk Vaade eemalt", mis kannab tinglikult dokumentaallavastuse nime ja esitatakse nüüdistantsu ja -teatri vormis

  19. Kas hakkas hirm võõrale maale ära kaduda? / Mööna Tilder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tilder, Mööna

    2010-01-01

    Eike Ülevainu, Jaak Sapase ning Eneli Meresmaa lavastus "Estonia Meets Africa ehk Vaade eemalt", mis kannab tinglikult dokumentaallavastuse nime ja esitatakse nüüdistantsu ja -teatri vormis. Esietendus 9. dets. Tallinna Meistrite Hoovi teatrisaalis

  20. De baard van Koning Winter - ijshaar of haarijs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vossestein, M.; Mulder, S.

    2009-01-01

    IJshaar of haarijs is soms in beuken- of gemengde bossen met beuken of eiken te vinden. Tot nu toe is dit zeer zeldzame fenomeen alleen aangetroffen op dode takken van eik en beuk, waarvan de schors net is losgeraakt

  1. Waves in a Uniform Medium: Arbitrary Angle of Propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnack, Dalton D.

    In Lecture 23, we showed that in an infinite, uniform medium, the solutions of the ideal MHD wave equation could be decomposed into plane wave solutions ξ _{{k}} e^{i(k \\cdot r + ω _k t)} that satisfy.

  2. Predictability of the individual clinical outcome of extracorporeal shock wave therapy for cellulite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schlaudraff KU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Kai-Uwe Schlaudraff,1 Maren C Kiessling,2 Nikolaus BM Császár,2 Christoph Schmitz21Concept Clinic, Geneva, Switzerland; 2Department of Anatomy II, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Munich, GermanyBackground: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy has been successfully introduced for the treatment of cellulite in recent years. However, it is still unknown whether the individual clinical outcome of cellulite treatment with extracorporeal shock wave therapy can be predicted by the patient's individual cellulite grade at baseline, individual patient age, body mass index (BMI, weight, and/or height.Methods: Fourteen Caucasian females with cellulite were enrolled in a prospective, single-center, randomized, open-label Phase II study. The mean (± standard error of the mean cellulite grade at baseline was 2.5±0.09 and mean BMI was 22.8±1.17. All patients were treated with radial extracorporeal shock waves using the Swiss DolorClast® device (Electro Medical Systems, S.A., Nyon, Switzerland. Patients were treated unilaterally with 2 weekly treatments for 4 weeks on a randomly selected side (left or right, totaling eight treatments on the selected side. Treatment was performed at 3.5–4.0 bar, with 15,000 impulses per session applied at 15 Hz. Impulses were homogeneously distributed over the posterior thigh and buttock area (resulting in 7,500 impulses per area. Treatment success was evaluated after the last treatment and 4 weeks later by clinical examination, photographic documentation, contact thermography, and patient satisfaction questionnaires.Results: The mean cellulite grade improved from 2.5±0.09 at baseline to 1.57±0.18 after the last treatment (ie, mean δ-1 was 0.93 cellulite grades and 1.68±0.16 at follow-up (ie, mean δ-2 was 0.82 cellulite grades. Compared with baseline, no patient's condition worsened, the treatment was well tolerated, and no unwanted side effects were observed. No statistically significant (ie, P<0

  3. Detecting and revising flaws in OWL object property expressions

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Keet, CM

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ., Welty, C.: An overview of OntoClean. In Staab, S., Studer, R., eds.: Handbook on ontologies. Springer Verlag (2004) 151{159 10. Horrocks, I., Kutz, O., Sattler, U.: The even more irresistible SROIQ. Proceedings of KR-2006 (2006) 452{457 11...

  4. Külas tippterroristil / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Briti nädalaajalehe The Sunday Times artiklist, milles kirjeldatakse Iraagi sunniitide vastupanuliikumise ühe juhi šeik Abu Omar al Ansari kohtumist Iraagis enim tagaotsitava terroristi Abu Musab al-Zarqawi'ga, et arutada koostööd okupatsioonijõudude ründamisel

  5. Art Loft Berliini südames / Dagmar Reinolt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinolt, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    Berliini südames asub Saksa arhitektuuribüroo Eike Beckeri poolt loodud kümnekorruseline mängulise fassaadiga hoone. Eesti sisearhitektid Tiina Kesküla, Kätlin Ölluk ja Katy Seppel on loonud sealsetesse korteritesse hubase interjööri. Artiklis on vaatluse all üks korteritest - galeriikorter

  6. Tavaline üürikorter / Sandra Jõgeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Sandra, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "Üürikorter / Apartment for Rent" skulptuuri- ja installatsioonigaleriis Raja kuni 21. III. Kuraator on Berliinis töötav hollandi kunstnik Anneke Eussen, kelle workshop'i raames näituse tööd valmisid. Maigi Magnuse, Rene Reinumäe, Kadri Allekandi, Berit Talpsepa ja Eike Epliku töödest

  7. Tavaline üürikorter / Sandra Jõgeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Sandra, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "Üürikorter / Apartment for Rent" skulptuuri- ja installatsioonigaleriis Raja kuni 21. III. Kuraator on Berliinis töötav hollandi kunstnik Anneke Eussen, kelle workshop'i raames näituse tööd valmisid. Maigi Magnuse, Rene Reinumäe, Kadri Allekandi, Berit Talpsepa ja Eike Epliku töödest

  8. Külas tippterroristil / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Briti nädalaajalehe The Sunday Times artiklist, milles kirjeldatakse Iraagi sunniitide vastupanuliikumise ühe juhi šeik Abu Omar al Ansari kohtumist Iraagis enim tagaotsitava terroristi Abu Musab al-Zarqawi'ga, et arutada koostööd okupatsioonijõudude ründamisel

  9. Mida loed sina? / Indrek Hargla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hargla, Indrek, pseud., 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pérez-Reverte, Arturo. Dumas̀ klubi ehk Richelieu vari. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Belials, Veiko. Jumalate vandenõu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Põder, Rein. Eike. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2006 ; Reeve, Philip. Kuldseeklid. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2006 ; Martin, George R. R. Troonide mäng. Esimene raamat / tlk. Mario Kivistik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006. (Jää ja tule laul) (F-sari)

  10. Mida loed sina? / Indrek Hargla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hargla, Indrek, pseud., 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pérez-Reverte, Arturo. Dumas̀ klubi ehk Richelieu vari. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Belials, Veiko. Jumalate vandenõu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Põder, Rein. Eike. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2006 ; Reeve, Philip. Kuldseeklid. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2006 ; Martin, George R. R. Troonide mäng. Esimene raamat / tlk. Mario Kivistik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006. (Jää ja tule laul) (F-sari)

  11. Neljateistkümnes Põhja kunstilaager, arvatavasti viimane / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    Soomes Parainenis akvarellile spetsialiseerunud kunstilaagrist. Osavõtjaid oli Soomest, Rootsist, Taanist, Lätist, Leedust, Saksamaalt, Venemaalt. Eestist osalesid Eike Salu, Gennadi Lapin ja Margit Karu. Loomiselolevast Läänemere äärsete maade akvarelliste tutvustavast virtuaalsest akvarelligaleriist Kala aadressil www.akvakala.ee. Asutajad Gennadi ja Pille Lapin, Olli Kuusisto ning Ari Laitinen

  12. Eeva Pargi "Lõks lõpmatuses" Berliinis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Eeva Pargi romaani saksakeelne tõlge pealkirjaga "Falle, unendlich" (Ihleo Verlag, 2008, tõlkija Irja Grönholm) valiti Ida-Euroopa kirjanduse tõlkeauhinna Brücke Berlin nominendiks. Auhinna võitis Laszlo Krasznahorkai "Seiebo auf Erden" (tõlkija Eike Flemming)

  13. Julgus kahelda / Andres Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Andres, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Okupatsioonide muuseumist, 7. "Europani" arhitektuurikonkursil äramärgitud tööst "Alvar" (autoreiks Londonis töötavad arhitektid Eike Sindlinger, Ulrike Steven, Gareth Morris büroost 7-degrees), mis püüab positiivselt sekkuda Tallinna Lasnamäe praegusesse hoonestusse, võimalustest teha sotsiaalselt tundlikku arhitektuuri

  14. Eiafzet van de sluipvlieg Phorocera grandis op de eikenprocessierups Thaumetopoea processionea (Diptera: Tachinidae, Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stipdonk, A. van; Zeegers, Th.

    2011-01-01

    Meer dan twintig jaar geleden keerde de eikenprocessierups terug in ons land. Al snel werden de aantallen zo groot, eerst in Noord-Brabant, later ook in andere delen van het land, dat ongemak en risico’s voor de volksgezondheid ontstonden vanwege de extreem irriterende brandharen van de rups. De eik

  15. Maailma sporthobuste kasvatajad Inglismaal. I-II osa / Raigo Kollom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kollom, Raigo, 1936-

    2013-01-01

    Maailma Sporthobuste Kasvatajate Föderatsiooni peaassambleel Inglismaal Newmarketi väikelinnas toimunud külastustest British Racing School'i, British Racing Museum'i ning Dubai valitseja ja Araabia Ühinenud Emiraatide asepresidendi šeik Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoumi hobusekasvandusse Darley Stud

  16. Kunstitudengid näitavad Maarjamäe lossi pargis oma vabadussamba tõlgendusi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia skulptuuritudengid Marit Mardla, Matthias-Jakob Sildnik, Mikk Madisson, Liis Dvorjanski, Uku Sepisvart, Hannes Aasamets, Kadri Allekand, Kristin Orav, Loore Raav, Jekaterina Kultajeva, Li Yang, Kristel Aasjõe, Liivi Tantaal, Jass Kaselaan, Edith Karlson, Kadri Metstak, Berit Talpsepp ja Eike Eplik näitavad oma töid näitusel "Vabaduse monumendid"

  17. An Empirical Shaped Charge Jet Breakup Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army ARDEC, ESIC Knowledge & Process Management (RDAR-EIK) Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 10. SPONSOR...u Rx 2 2 (1) Where all parameters are defined at the moment of jet formation,  is a dimensionless parameter, ux is velocity

  18. Maailma sporthobuste kasvatajad Inglismaal. I-II osa / Raigo Kollom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kollom, Raigo, 1936-

    2013-01-01

    Maailma Sporthobuste Kasvatajate Föderatsiooni peaassambleel Inglismaal Newmarketi väikelinnas toimunud külastustest British Racing School'i, British Racing Museum'i ning Dubai valitseja ja Araabia Ühinenud Emiraatide asepresidendi šeik Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoumi hobusekasvandusse Darley Stud

  19. Art Loft Berliini südames / Dagmar Reinolt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinolt, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    Berliini südames asub Saksa arhitektuuribüroo Eike Beckeri poolt loodud kümnekorruseline mängulise fassaadiga hoone. Eesti sisearhitektid Tiina Kesküla, Kätlin Ölluk ja Katy Seppel on loonud sealsetesse korteritesse hubase interjööri. Artiklis on vaatluse all üks korteritest - galeriikorter

  20. Korte mededelingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rompaey, van E.

    1960-01-01

    Quercus x rosacea Bechst. in de Kempen. Op 9 augustus 1959 vonden J.G. Sloff en ondergetekende in de “duinen” ten Z. van het Grote Meer, gemeente Huijbergen, een rijk met vruchten beladen eik, die op het eerste gezicht gedetermineerd werd als Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl., maar bij nader onderzoek

  1. Väki meni saareen (4/4 F)

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Laulun sanat: Väki meni saareen, sun fraali-laa-li-lei, Eikä ollut leipää, sun fraali-laa-li-lei! Sulle annan rukkaset, sun fraali-laa-li-lei, Ja sulle annan rukkaset, sun fraali-laa-li-lei, Ja sulle annan rukkaset, sun fraali-laa-li-lei, Ja toista minä rakastan, sun f

  2. Safety and performance of cohesive polydensified matrix hyaluronic acid fillers with lidocaine in the clinical setting – an open-label, multicenter study

    OpenAIRE

    Kühne U; Esmann J; von Heimburg D; Imhof M; Weissenberger P; Sattler G

    2016-01-01

    Ulrich Kühne,1 Jørgen Esmann,2 Dennis von Heimburg,3 Matthias Imhof,1 Petra Weissenberger,4 Gerhard Sattler,5 On behalf of the BALIA Study Group 1Aesthetische Dermatologie im Medico Palais, Bad Soden, Germany; 2Jørgen Esmann Aps, Hellerup, Denmark; 3Praxisklinik Kaiserplatz, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 4Corporate Clinical Research, Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 5Rosenparkklinik GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany Abstract: Cohesive polydensified ma...

  3. CHOROIDAL MORPHOLOGY IN EYES WITH POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY AND NORMAL OR SUBNORMAL SUBFOVEAL CHOROIDAL THICKNESS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Won Ki; Baek, Jiwon; Dansingani, Kunal K; Lee, Jae Hyung; Freund, K Bailey

    2016-12-01

    To subsegment the choroid in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and to determine whether the ratio of choriocapillaris/Sattler layer thickness to total choroidal thickness is decreased at sites of polypoidal pathology. Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study. A total of 320 eyes of 305 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were studied with optical coherence tomography and dye angiography. The ratio of choriocapillaris/Sattler layer thickness to total choroidal thickness was calculated at polypoidal lesion sites in eyes with subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) ≤200 μm. Mean SFCT was 267.7 ± 118.5 μm for the entire cohort. Mean SFCT was 151.2 ± 35.0 μm in eyes with SFCT ≤200 μm (n = 124, 39%). In this subgroup, dilated Haller vessels (pachyvessels) were identified under the site of neovascular ingrowth in 117 eyes (94%). Choroidal thickness in the pachyvessel zone was greater (213.3 ± 52.2 μm) than SFCT (P thickness ratio (P choroidal thickening at sites of polypoidal disease. The choriocapillaris and Sattler layers were attenuated at these locations, but Haller vessels were markedly dilated. These changes were topographically associated with sites of neovascular ingrowth and support the classification of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy as a pachychoroid disorder.

  4. Diesel and gasoline engines VI. Quality injection, fuel mixture, simulation, application, metrology; Diesel- und Benzindirekteinspritzung VI. Einspritzqualitaet, Gemischbildung, Simulation, Applikation, Messtechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tschoeke, Helmut (ed.) [Otto-von-Guericke-Univ., Magdeburg (DE). Inst. fuer Mobile Systeme (IMS)

    2011-07-01

    Within the meeting 'Diesel and gasoline direct injection' of the Haus der Technik e.V. (Essen, Federal Republic of Germany) at 1st to 2nd December, 2010 in Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Efficient common rail injection systems and intelligent regulation strategies for the fulfilment of future on-/off-highway emission limits (Christian Schugger); (2) Challenges for injection systems and combustion processes of large diesel engines for keeping the emission limits IMO TIER3 in 2016 (Horst Harndorf); (3) HFO operation with CR injection (Christian Poensgen); (4) Efficiency, potential and limits of shortened spraying distances at the diesel engine: Results from thermodynamic, optical and numerical investigations (Oliver Heinold); (5) Advantages of the formation of the injection process for the fuel consumption and pollutant emission of diesel engines (Maximilian Brauer); (6) Control of combustion rates: A decisive step towards a further optimization of CO{sub 2}, emissions and NVH (Florian Kremer); (7) Ultra high pressure fuel injection for minimized engine-out emissions of HD diesel engines (Olad Erik Herrmann); (8) Analysis of injection sprays by means of large high-speed engines under cold and evaporating conditions (Christian Fink); (9) Development of optimal cam contours (Hendrik Grosse-Loescher); (10) Design criteria for the CO{sub 2} optimization of the new Continental 2-piston-diesel pump platform (Peter Voigt); (11) Innovative measurement for injection systems (Bjoern Janetzky); (12) Process for the measurement of the rate of injection on engine-related conditions (Wolfgang Fimml); (13) Experimental and numerical investigations of hydro erosive grinding for injection components (Uwe Iben); (14) Application programs for the calculation of spray propagation in a moving engine's combustion chamber (Kai Uwe Muench); (15) An integrated approach for the fulfilment of future emission legislations at stationary

  5. Hvorfor blev Amagerbankens bestyrelse og direktion blankt frifundet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2017-01-01

    , og i 7 af disse sager blev der indledt erstatningssager mod bankens ledelse eller dele af denne. Det drejer sig om følgende banker (med de påstævnte beløb i parentes): Roskilde Bank (1 mia. kr.), Capinordic Bank (400 mio. kr.), EBH Bank (700 mio. kr.), Amagerbanken (800 mio. kr.), Eik Bank Danmark...... (250 mio. kr.), Eik Bank Færøerne (150 mio. kr.) og Løkken Sparekasse (275 mio. kr.). Med det forbehold, at Højesteret endnu ikke har udtalt sig, ser mønsteret i de hidtil pådømte sager ud som følger, jf. Capinordic-dommen (Østre Landsrets påankede dom af 9. oktober 2015, 13. afdeling nr. B-876-11) og...

  6. Spectral Analysis of Scintillation Data Taken from an Aircraft. Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-01

    then used to derive an expression for the expected amplitude scintillation spectra ( spectral density function ) which might be observed in a geometry...between the two terms and they are used interchangeably. spectral density function associated with the covariance function B. It is usually assumed that 1...IL Vxa 7+ 2 . The following relations hold between the correlation function B and spectral density function D assuming they both e’ist. B =r eiK’rB

  7. Pragmaatika kui hea kunsti garant / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli diplomitöödest: Martti Poomi (S'Poom "Na'Miin") ja Asko Kikkuli (Iconcrash "My Sky") muusikavideotest, Kaisa Eiche teoreetilisest uurimusest "Kultuuritehase vajalikkus ja teostatavus Tartus", Carl-Christian Frey animafilmist "Pärastlõuna", Andrus Lauringsoni installatsioonist "Capaskoop", Berit Talpsepa robootilisest skulptuurist "Superheterodüünvastuvõtt", Eike Epliku installatiivsest skulptuurist "Ma saan aru, et ma ei ole orav", Anna-Stina Treumundi fotoinstallatsioonist "Vaikiv dialoog", Kalev Vapperi sotsiaalkollaazhist "Vapper Kalev lõpetab kooli"

  8. Uudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2012-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Helena Tulve ja Jaan-Eik Tulve pälvisid Prantsuse Kunstide ja Kirjanduse ordeni. Arnold Schönbergi dokumentaalne vara kuulutati maailmapärandiks. Pärdi "Lamentate" Philip Glassi juubelikontserdil. Suri Gustav Leonhardt. Hildegard von Bingenile antakse kiriku doktori kraad. Probleemid maailma ooperiteatrites. Suri režissöör Ken Russell. Tulve ja Kozlova teosed festivalil "World Music Days 2012" Belgias. Iisraeli orkestrite tüli

  9. Minecraft ohjelmointiympäristönä ohjelmoinnin alkeiden opetuksessa

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Ohjelmointi on otettu osaksi pakollista perusopetusta ja sitä aletaan opettaa uusien perusopetuksen opetussuunnitelman perusteiden myötä vuonna 2016. Ohjelmointia on opetettu peruskouluissa aikaisemminkin, mutta opetusta vähennettiin runsaasti. Ohjelmointi oli vaikeaa eikä se kiinnostanut. Ohjelmointi ei ole juurikaan muuttunut, mutta ohjelmoinnin opetukseen tulee panostaa, ettei toisteta samoja virheitä kuin 80- ja 90-luvun ohjelmoinnin opetuksessa. Tietotekniikan kehittyessä erilaiset l...

  10. Alkutuotannon valvonta Kotkassa : elintarvikelain mukainen riskinarviointi ja valvontasuunnitelma

    OpenAIRE

    Lumme, Merja

    2011-01-01

    Elintarvikelain 23/2006 tarkoituksena on 1 §:n mukaisesti varmistaa, että elintarvikkeista annettava tieto on totuudenmukaista, riittävää eikä johda harhaan, varmistaa elintarvikkeiden jäljitettävyys, turvata korkealaatuinen elintarvikevalvonta ja osaltaan parantaa elintarvikealan toimijoiden toimintaedellytyksiä. Elintarvikevalvonnan tulee kattaa kaikki elintarviketuotannon vaiheet alkutuotannosta kuluttajalle asti niin sanotusti pellolta pöytään. Alkutuotantoa on mm. alkutuotannon tuott...

  11. Etelä-Kuusamon yksityismetsien kunnostusojituksen tarvekartoitus

    OpenAIRE

    Väisänen, Henri

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni tavoitteena oli kartoittaa Etelä-Kuusamon yksityismetsien kunnostusojitustarvetta. Lisäksi tavoitteena oli selvittää, kuinka paljon kunnostusojitettavista ojitusalueista on Kemera-tukikelpoisia ja onko ojitusalueilla harvennushakkuu- tai muita metsänhoitotarpeita. Opinnäytetyössäni pyrittiin saamaan tietoa myös kunnostusojitusten yhteishankkeiden toteutusmahdollisuuksista. Kunnostusojitustarpeista eikä kunnostusojituksen potentiaalisuudesta tiedetä Kuusamossa. Tulosten pohjalta...

  12. Lühiajaline. Suuremõõtmeline / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek

    2010-01-01

    3. septembril 2010 avati Eesti Rahva Muuseumi Raadi mõisapargis skulptuurinäitus töödest, mis valmisid rahvusvahelise skulptuurisümpoosioni "Lühiajaline. Suuremõõtmeline" (25. 08.-03. 09. 2010) käigus ja mis jäävad parki aastaks. Sümpoosioni peakorraldajad: Jevgeni Zolotko ja Bruno Kadak, osalesid: Uwe Schloen (Saksamaa), Csilla Nagy (Ungari), Gleb Netšvolodov (Inglismaa), Ahti Seppet, Eike Eplik ja Jevgeni Zolotko (Eesti)

  13. The Massless Spectrum of Heterotic Compactifications

    CERN Document Server

    de la Ossa, Xenia; Svanes, Eirik Eik

    2015-01-01

    We discuss the four-dimensional massless spectrum of supersymmetric Minkowski compactifications of ten-dimensional heterotic supergravity, including the anomaly cancelation condition. This can be calculated from restrictions arising from F-term conditions in a four-dimensional effective theory. The results agree with computations of the infinitesimal moduli space recently performed from a ten-dimensional perspective. The paper is based on a talk given by Eirik Eik Svanes in Leuven for the workshop on "The String Theory Universe".

  14. REPRODUKTIO ENGLANTILAISEN KAAPPIKELLON KELLOHUONEESTA : ja englantilaisen kaappikellon tyylihistoriatutkimus

    OpenAIRE

    Salminen, Paula

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli valmistaa 1700 ja 1800-lukujen vaihteessa valmistettuun englantilaiseen kaappikelloon kellohuone. Kellohuone on kaappikellon ylin osa, jossa kellotaulu ja koneisto sijaitsevat. Kaappikellon omistaa yksityinen henkilö, joka osti kaappikellon huutokaupasta Länsi-Irlannista helmikuussa 2010. Kaappikellon kellohuone ei ollut alkuperäinen eikä tyylillisesti ja materiaalien puolesta kaappiosaan sopiva, minkä vuoksi kaappikelloon rakennettiin uusi kellohuone. Alkuperäisestä...

  15. Lühiajaline. Suuremõõtmeline / Indrek Grigor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigor, Indrek

    2010-01-01

    3. septembril 2010 avati Eesti Rahva Muuseumi Raadi mõisapargis skulptuurinäitus töödest, mis valmisid rahvusvahelise skulptuurisümpoosioni "Lühiajaline. Suuremõõtmeline" (25. 08.-03. 09. 2010) käigus ja mis jäävad parki aastaks. Sümpoosioni peakorraldajad: Jevgeni Zolotko ja Bruno Kadak, osalesid: Uwe Schloen (Saksamaa), Csilla Nagy (Ungari), Gleb Netšvolodov (Inglismaa), Ahti Seppet, Eike Eplik ja Jevgeni Zolotko (Eesti)

  16. Klaasarhitektuur Berliinis / Pille Nagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Pille

    2004-01-01

    Helmut Jahni loodud Sony keskus (1993...2000) ja Kranzlereck (1992...2000), Potsdami platsi jaam (bürood Hilmer & Sattler und Albrecht, Modersohn & Freiesleben ja Hermann + Öttl, 1997...2000), intelligentse klaasfassaadiga Debise büroohoone (Renzo Piano koostöös Critoph Kohlbeckeriga, 1991...1997) ja GSW büroohoone (Sauerbruch Hutton Architekten, 1995...1999), topeltfassaadiga Nordrhein-Westfaleni liidumaade esindushoone (Petzinka Pink Architekten, 2000/2001), Riigipäevahoone klaaskuppel (Foster ja Partnerid, 1992...1999), klaaskatusega DZ-Pank (Frank Owen Gehry, 1996...1999)

  17. Representing chemicals using OWL, description graphs and rules

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hastings, J

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OWL, Description Graphs and Rules Janna Hastings1;2;3?, Michel Dumontier4, Duncan Hull1, Matthew Horridge5, Christoph Steinbeck1, Ulrike Sattler5, Robert Stevens5, Tertia H orne2, and Katarina Britz2;3 1 European Bioinformatics Institute, UK 2.... Steinbeck C., Hoppe C., Kuhn S., Floris M., Guha R., Willighagen E.L. (2006) Recent Developments of the Chemistry Development Kit (CDK) - An Open-Source Java Library for Chemo- and Bioinformatics. Curr. Pharm. Des. 2006; 12(17):2111- 2120. 14. de Matos...

  18. Assessment of Choroidal Microstructure and Subfoveal Thickness Change in Eyes With Different Stages of Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Linna; Xu, Shiqiong; He, Fangling; Liu, Yan; Zhang, Yidan; Wang, Jing; Wang, Zhiliang; Fan, Xianqun

    2016-03-01

    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of irreversible blindness. Choroidal structural changes seem to be inevitable in AMD pathogenesis. Our study revealed associated choroidal microstructural changes in AMD eyes.The aim of the study was to compare choroidal microstructural changes in eyes with AMD of different stages.The study was a retrospective, cross-sectional case series.The participants comprised of 32 age-matched normal eyes as controls, and 26 fellow uninvolved eyes of intermediate/late AMD, 29 of early AMD, 28 of intermediate AMD, and 39 of late AMD.All subjects underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examination. The choroid images, including subfoveal choroidal thickness, percentage of Sattler layer area, and en face images of the choroid, were obtained using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.The main outcome measures were subfoveal choroidal thickness changes, percentage of Sattler layer area changes, and en face images of the choroid in AMD eyes.One hundred fifty-four eyes of 96 individuals with mean age of 67.1±9.2 years were included. The mean subfoveal choroidal thickness was 295.4 ± 56.8 μm in age-matched normal eyes, 306.7 ± 68.4 μm in fellow uninvolved eyes with AMD, 293.8 ± 80.4 μm in early AMD, 215.6 ± 80.4 μm in intermediate AMD, and 200.4 ± 66.6 μm in late AMD (F = 14.2, all P Choroidal thickness was greater in early AMD eyes than in intermediate/late AMD eyes (P choroid showed reduced vascular density of Sattler layer areas in late AMD eyes compared with normal eyes.Decreasing subfoveal choroidal thickness and percentage of Sattler layer area were demonstrated in the progression of AMD. The choroidal change was related to atrophy of the microstructural changes of underlying capillaries and medium-sized vessels.

  19. Choroidal OCT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeelpour, Marieh; Drexler, Wolfgang

    Novel imaging devices, imaging strategies and automated image analysis with optical coherence tomography have improved our understanding of the choroid in health and pathology. Non-invasive in-vivo high resolution choroidal imaging has had its highest impact in the investigation of macular diseases such as diabetes macular edema and age-related macular degeneration. Choroidal thickness may provide a clinically feasible measure of disease stage and treatment success. It will even support disease diagnosis and phenotyping as is demonstrated in this chapter. Utilizing color coded thickness mapping of the choroid and its Sattler's and Haller's layer may further strengthen the sensitivity of the investigation findings.

  20. Electronic Excited States of Tungsten(0) Arylisocyanides

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    W(CNAryl)_6 complexes containing 2,6-diisopropylphenyl isocyanide (CNdipp) are powerful photoreductants with strongly emissive long-lived excited states. These properties are enhanced upon appending another aryl ring, e.g., W(CNdippPh^(OMe)_2)_6; CNdippPh^(OMe)_2 = 4-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2,6-diisopropylphenylisocyanide (Sattler et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 1198−1205). Electronic transitions and low-lying excited states of these complexes were investigated by time-dependent density fun...

  1. The Interaction of Water and Aerosols in the Marine Boundary Layer: A Study of Selected Processes Impacting Radiative Transfer and Cloudiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Grenfell, S.J. Doherty, T.V. Larson and A.D. Clarke. Source attribution of black carbon in arctic snow. Environ. Sei. Technol., 43, 4016-4021, 2009...4:25 PM To: Andrew Sattler <acs29@u.washington.edu> Dear Andrew, Here is both the letter to Ron , and his response. Regards, Dean Forwarded... Ron Original Message From: gwillam rmailto:gwillam|ü)u.washington.edu! Sent: Wednesday, January 16, 2013 3:24 PM To: Ferek, Ronald CIV ONR 322

  2. Klaasarhitektuur Berliinis / Pille Nagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Pille

    2004-01-01

    Helmut Jahni loodud Sony keskus (1993...2000) ja Kranzlereck (1992...2000), Potsdami platsi jaam (bürood Hilmer & Sattler und Albrecht, Modersohn & Freiesleben ja Hermann + Öttl, 1997...2000), intelligentse klaasfassaadiga Debise büroohoone (Renzo Piano koostöös Critoph Kohlbeckeriga, 1991...1997) ja GSW büroohoone (Sauerbruch Hutton Architekten, 1995...1999), topeltfassaadiga Nordrhein-Westfaleni liidumaade esindushoone (Petzinka Pink Architekten, 2000/2001), Riigipäevahoone klaaskuppel (Foster ja Partnerid, 1992...1999), klaaskatusega DZ-Pank (Frank Owen Gehry, 1996...1999)

  3. Small molecule and peptide-mediated inhibition of Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 1 dimerization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sun Young; Song, Kyung-A [Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology (SAIHST), Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Samsung Biomedical Research Institute (SBRI), Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kieff, Elliott [Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women' s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Kang, Myung-Soo, E-mail: mkang@skku.edu [Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology (SAIHST), Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Samsung Biomedical Research Institute (SBRI), Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women' s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)

    2012-07-27

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Evidence that targeting EBNA1 dimer, an EBV onco-antigen, can be achievable. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A small molecule and a peptide as EBNA1 dimerization inhibitors identified. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both inhibitors associated with EBNA1 and blocked EBNA1 DNA binding activity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Also, prevented its dimerization, and repressed viral gene transcription. -- Abstract: Latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with human B cell lymphomas and certain carcinomas. EBV episome persistence, replication, and gene expression are dependent on EBV-encoded nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1)'s DNA binding domain (DBD)/dimerization domain (DD)-mediated sequence-specific DNA binding activity. Homodimerization of EBNA1 is essential for EBNA1 DNA binding and transactivation. In this study, we characterized a novel small molecule EBNA1 inhibitor EiK1, screened from the previous high throughput screening (HTS). The EiK1 compound specifically inhibited the EBNA1-dependent, OriP-enhanced transcription, but not EBNA1-independent transcription. A Surface Plasmon Resonance Biacore assay revealed that EiK1 associates with EBNA1 amino acid 459-607 DBD/DD. Consistent with the SPR data, in vitro gel shift assays showed that EiK1 suppressed the activity of EBNA1 binding to the cognate familial repeats (FR) sequence, but not control RBP-J{kappa} binding to the J{kappa} site. Subsequently, a cross-linker-mediated in vitro multimerization assay and EBNA1 homodimerization-dependent yeast two-hybrid assay showed that EiK1 significantly inhibited EBNA1 dimerization. In an attempt to identify more highly specific peptide inhibitors, small peptides encompassing the EBNA1 DBD/DD were screened for inhibition of EBNA1 DBD-mediated DNA binding function. The small peptide P85, covering EBNA1 a.a. 560-574, significantly blocked EBNA1 DNA binding activity in vitro, prevented dimerization in vitro and in vivo, associated

  4. Dynamic Nuclear Polarization enhanced NMR at 187 GHz/284 MHz using an Extended Interaction Klystron amplifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, Thomas F.; Dannatt, Hugh R. W.; Barrow, Nathan S.; Watts, Anthony; Brown, Steven P.; Newton, Mark E.; Dupree, Ray

    2016-04-01

    A Dynamic Nuclear Polarisation (DNP) enhanced solid-state Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) NMR spectrometer which uses a 187 GHz (corresponding to 1H NMR frequency of 284 MHz) Extended Interaction Klystron (EIK) amplifier as the microwave source is briefly described. Its performance is demonstrated for a biomolecule (bacteriorhodopsin), a pharmaceutical, and surface functionalised silica. The EIK is very compact and easily incorporated into an existing spectrometer. The bandwidth of the amplifier is sufficient that it obviates the need for a sweepable magnetic field, once set, for all commonly used radicals. The variable power (CW or pulsed) output from the EIK is transmitted to the DNP-NMR probe using a quasi-optic system with a high power isolator and a corrugated waveguide which feeds the microwaves into the DNP-NMR probe. Curved mirrors inside the probe project the microwaves down the axis of the MAS rotor, giving a very efficient system such that maximum DNP enhancement is achieved with less than 3 W output from the microwave source. The DNP-NMR probe operates with a sample temperature down to 90 K whilst spinning at 8 kHz. Significant enhancements, in excess of 100 for bacteriorhodopsin in purple membrane (bR in PM), are shown along with spectra which are enhanced by ≈25 with respect to room temperature, for both the pharmaceutical furosemide and surface functionalised silica. These enhancements allow hitherto prohibitively time consuming experiments to be undertaken. The power at which the DNP enhancement in bR in PM saturates does not change significantly between 90 K and 170 K even though the enhancement drops by a factor of ≈11. As the DNP build up time decreases by a factor 3 over this temperature range, the reduction in T1n is presumably a significant contribution to the drop in enhancement.

  5. Internationality meets locality - ART IST KUKU NU UT festival in Tartu / Tanel Rander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rander, Tanel, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    Kunstifestivalist ART IST KUKU NU UT. Näitusest "Möh? Fui! Öäk! Ossa! Vau! Eesti kaasaegse kunsti klassika" (06.09.-18.11.2012) Tartu Kunstimuuseumis. Festivali projektijuht Kaisa Eiche, kunstiline juht ja näituse kuraator Rael Artel. Näitusel osalesid Jaan Toomik, Raul Meel, Kai Kaljo, Johnson & Johnson, Anna-Stina Treumund ja Flo Kasearu. Chris Fitzpatrick'u kureeritud näitusest "Sõida tasa üle silla" (07.-30.09.2012) galeriis Noorus. Kuku Nunnu stipendiaadi Eike Epliku isikunäitusest "Tüdruk, kes kõike arnastas" (07.09.-28.10.2012) Y-galeriis

  6. Bisfosfonaattien vaikutus eturauhassyöpään ja kolmoisnegatiiviseen matalan TLR9-ekspression rintasyöpään

    OpenAIRE

    Vainio, Milla; Vuorenmaa, Minna

    2015-01-01

    Pitkälle edenneen eturauhassyövän sekä kolmoisnegatiivisen rintasyövän, joka ei ilmennä hormoni- eikä HER2-kasvutekijäreseptoreita, hoitovaihtoehdot ovat rajattuja, ja näiden syöpätyyppien ennuste on huono. Laajassa kliinisessä käytössä olevia bisfosfonaatteja käytetään luuston aineenvaihduntasairauksien hoidossa, kuten osteoporoosin ja syövän luustoetäpesäkkeiden aiheuttamissa muutoksissa. Viimeaikaisissa tutkimuksissa on todettu, että bisfosfonaatit saattavat estää farmakologisten kohdesolu...

  7. Viittomakielen tulkkauksen haasteet ortodoksisella kristinoppileirillä

    OpenAIRE

    Shemeikka, Titta

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on selvittää ortodoksisen kristinoppileirillä toteutetun viittomakielen tulkkauksen haasteita, kun tulkinkäyttäjä on sisäkorvaistutetta käyttävä nuori henkilö. Työ on kvalitatiivinen tapaustutkimus eikä se ole yleistettävissä. Työn tilaaja on Helsingin ortodoksisen seurakunnan kasvatustoimen yksikkö. Tilaaja hyötyy opinnäytetyöstä esimerkiksi perehdyttäessä kristinoppileirin työntekijöitä tulevaisuudessa mahdollisissa vastaavissa integraatiotilanteissa. Opinnäytetyö ...

  8. Graafisen ohjeiston, verkkosivujen ja markkinointimateriaalin suunnittelu ja tuottaminen, case Tmi Hiliman siivous

    OpenAIRE

    Kämäräinen, Niko; Kumpulainen, Marko

    2010-01-01

    Toiminnallisena opinnäytetyönä toteutettiin graafinen ohjeisto, verkkosivut ja markkinoinnin perusmateriaalia lapinlahtelaiselle siivouspalveluyritykselle T:mi Hiliman siivoukselle. Yritys on toiminut vuodesta 2003 työllistäen nykyään yrittäjän lisäksi neljä vakituista työntekijää. T:mi Hiliman siivous palvelee paikallisia yksityis- ja yritysasiakkaita. Toimeksiantajalla ei ole aiemmin ollut verkkosivuja eikä yhtenäistä linjaa graafiselle ulkoasulle, mikä antoi hyvän lähtökohdan tehdä yhdenmu...

  9. Kanta-asiakassovelluksen toiminnallinen määrittely

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tutkia määrittelyprosessia. Formlek Oy on keksinyt uuden kanta-asiakasformaatin, josta on tarkoitus kehittää tulevaisuudessa sovellus. Sovellusidea on uusi, eikä siitä ole olemassa aikaisempaa versiota. Sovelluksen toimintatarkoituksena on tehostaa ja helpottaa markkinointia. Tavoitteena oli löytää olennaiset vaatimukset kanta-asiakassovellusformaatista ja muuntaa ne toiminnallisen määrittelydokumentin muotoon. Toiminnallisen määrittelyn tavoitteena o...

  10. Hantering av IT-incidenter : En fallstudie på ICAs IT-avdelning Operations

    OpenAIRE

    Lindström, Lena-Maria; Karlsson, Anna; Wretlund, Magnus

    2008-01-01

      Date: 2008-10-06 Level: Bachelor thesis within Information Technology and business economics, 15p, EIK021 Authors: Anna Karlsson, Lena-Maria Lindström, Magnus Wretlund, Tutor: Marie Mörndal   Title: Managing IT-incidents, a case study at ICAs IT department                            Operations Keywords: IT-incident management, IT-incident management process, IT-incident, ITIL, CCTA   Problem: An organization can benefit...

  11. EM- ja MCEM-algoritmi apuvälineenä suurimman uskottavuuden estimoinnissa

    OpenAIRE

    Kuismin, M. (Markku)

    2013-01-01

    Tutkielmassa tutkitaan suurimman uskottavuuden menetelmään perustuvaa Expected Maximization-algoritmia (EM-algoritmi). Työn pääpaino on algoritmin ominaisuuksien teoreettisessa tarkastelussa eikä siinä käsitellä todellisia tutkimusongelmia tai empiirisiä aineistoja. Aluksi tarkastellaan algoritmia matemaattisesti SU-menetelmän tavoin. Tämä teoriaosuus perustuu pääsääntöisesti McLachlanin ja Krishnanin kirjaan The EM Algorithm and Extensions (1997). Algoritmin avulla tutkitaan kahden norma...

  12. Parhaiden värien valinta ihon pigmentin mukaan

    OpenAIRE

    Alho, Minna

    2015-01-01

    Värit kuuluvat jokapäiväiseen elämään. Kauneudenhoitoala on visuaalinen eikä tulisi toimeen ilman väriosaamista. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli perehtyä kirjallisin menetelmin ihon sävyyn ja siihen sopiviin väreihin värianalyysin näkökulmasta. Yhteistyöyritys Kauneushoitola Pigmentin palveluihin kuuluvaa värianalyysia on pyritty kehittämään edellisten vuosien aikana. Yrityksessä kaivattiin kokonaisvaltaista ja perusteellista tietoa palvelusta ja siihen vaikuttavista tekijöistä. Suomessa on us...

  13. Uuden layout-suunnitelman kehittäminen kohdeyritykselle

    OpenAIRE

    Anttila, Janne

    2010-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on luoda uusi toimiva layout-suunnitelma Constructor Finland Oy:lle. Constructor Finland Oy on Lohjalla sijaitseva yritys, joka kehittää, valmistaa ja markkinoi tuotteita ja palveluja varasto-, arkisto-, toimisto- ja myymäläsovelluksiin sekä materiaalinkäsittelyyn. Yrityksellä on Lohjalla kaksi tehdasrakennusta ja uusi layout kehitetään toisen tehtaan valmistuotevarastolle. Nykyinen layout on luontaisen kehityksen myötä jäänyt tehottomaksi, eikä se kykene ...

  14. Esitysgrafiikkaohjelmistojen käyttö kauneudenhoitoalalla

    OpenAIRE

    Aikio, Ella

    2014-01-01

    Erilaisten esitysten pitäminen on nykyään merkittävä osa työelämää, eikä kauneudenhoitoala ole poikkeus. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tehdä Laurean kauneudenhoitoalan koulutusohjelmalle selvitys eri esitysgrafiikkaohjelmista ja pohtia visuaalisuutta kauneudenhoitoalalla. Opinnäytetyön toiminnallinen osuus on Prezi-esitys, joka neuvoo estenomiopiskelijoita paremman esityksen tekoon. Esitys on vuorovaikutusta yleisön kanssa ja tätä taitoa voi harjoittaa kokemuksien kautta. Tärkeintä hyväss...

  15. Applen koneiden soveltuvuus koululuokkaan OAMK:n Liiketalouden yksikössä

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Työmme aiheena on yhden IT-luokan varustaminen Applen laitteilla ja ohjelmistoilla. Aloimme tehdä työtä, koska koulussamme ei ollut yhtään Apple-luokkaa, eikä varsinaista opetusta aiheesta. Mielestämme Apple-luokka ja aiheeseen liittyvä koulutus olisi ollut hyvää vaihtelua Microsoft-painotteiseen opetukseen. Toimeksiantajana työllemme toimii Oulun seudun ammattikorkeakoulun Liiketalouden yksikön IT-palvelut. IT-palvelut tarjosivat käyttöömme palvelimen ja iMac-työaseman. Työmme tavoitteena on...

  16. Messuosaston suunnittelu ja toteutus Tapiola-ryhmälle

    OpenAIRE

    Haapaniemi, Essi

    2007-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena oli messuosaston suunnittelu ja käytännön toteutus Tapiola-ryhmälle. Tapiola osallistui Porissa järjestettäville asumis- ja talonrakennusaiheisille Asu Viihtyisämmin - messuille 7.10. - 8.10.2006. Työ oli luonteeltaan toiminnallinen eikä varsinaista tutkimusongelmaa ollut. Tarkoituksena oli toteuttaa Tapiola-ryhmälle houkutteleva ja toimiva messuosasto, joka jää asiakkaiden mieleen. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuus käsittelee markkinointiviestintää. Myös brandia ja ...

  17. Markkinointimateriaalin suunnittelu ja toteutus sosiaalialan messuille

    OpenAIRE

    Hannula, Sirpa

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli perehtyä messutapahtuman järjestämisessä tarvitta-van markkinointimateriaalin tuottamiseen. Työn lähtökohta oli, että aiemmin ei ollut vas-taavaa messutapahtumaa järjestetty sosiaalialan koulutusohjelmassa eikä valmista mark-kinointimateriaalia ollut olemassa. Opinnäytetyö oli luonteeltaan toiminnallinen. Käytännön osuudessa suunniteltiin ja toteu-tettiin yhden messutapahtuman, Hyvän arjen avaimia -messujen markkinointimateriaali. Työn tilaaja oli Keski-Pohja...

  18. Uus vaatus : EKA uue õppehoone arhitektuurivõistlus / Andres Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Andres, 1970-

    2014-01-01

    EKA uue õppehoone arhitektuurivõistlusel konkureeris 10 tööd. Kolmanda koha pälvis Salto Arhitektide töö märgusõnaga "Akadeemia" (autorid Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Margus Tamm, Helin Kukk ja Martin McLean). Teine koht kuulus tööle märgusõnaga "Aletheia" (autorid Jaan Kuusemets, Üllar Ambos, Pille Noole, Kaisa Lasner ja Jiannis Lykouras). Konkursi võitis töö märgusõnaga "Linea" (autorid Joel Kopli, Koit Ojaliiv, Juhan Rohtla ja Eik Hermann KUU Arhitektidest

  19. RaceAbout-urheiluauton korisähköjärjestelmän uudistaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Kontunen, Toni; Ferm, Susanna

    2016-01-01

    Insinöörityössä uudistettiin RaceAbout-auton korisähköjärjestelmä käyttäen Motecin PDM 30 -ohjainlaitetta ja näppäinpaneelia. Työn tarkoituksena oli luoda toimiva korisähköjärjestelmä, jossa ei ole releitä eikä sulakkeita. Uudistuksella haettiin järjestelmän yksinkertaistamista ilman auton omamassan nousua. Työ aloitettiin tutustumalla vanhaan järjestelmään ja sen toimilaitteisiin auton dokumenttien avulla sekä erilaisin mittauksin. Näistä saatujen tietojen perusteella suunniteltiin ja pi...

  20. Hoitajien kokemuksia laadusta akuutin psykoosin tehostetussa kotihoidossa

    OpenAIRE

    Joentakanen, Janne

    2009-01-01

    Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena on kuvata hoitajien kokemuksia laadusta akuutin psykoosin tehostetussa kotihoidossa. Psykoosin tehostettu kotihoito on uusi psykiatrisen avohoidon muoto Keski-Suomessa, eikä sen toimintaa ole aikaisemmin tutkittu. Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli tuottaa tietoa, jota voidaan käyttää työryhmän kehittämistyössä. Kyseessä on laadullinen tutkimus. Tutkimusaineisto kerättiin syksyllä 2008 järjestämällä teemahaastattelu kuudelle Jyväskylän alueen psykoosin tehostetun kot...

  1. Paikallislehti Uutisvuoksi sosiaalisessa mediassa - Ohjeita ja kehitysehdotuksia Facebookin käyttöön

    OpenAIRE

    Neuvonen, Katja

    2012-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on toteuttaa Imatran seudulla ilmestyvälle paikallislehti Uutisvuokselle Facebook-ohjeet sekä kehitysehdotuksia sosiaalisen median käyttöön. Työn painopiste on Uutisvuoksen Facebook-toiminnan parantamisessa. Kaakkois-Suomessa sanomalehtiä kustantavaan Sanoma Lehtimediaan kuuluva Uutisvuoksi on käyttänyt sosiaalista mediaa osana internetpalveluitaan noin kahden vuoden ajan. Lehtitalon sisällä sosiaalista mediaa ei kuitenkaan laajemmin tunneta, eikä sen käyttöö...

  2. Kiusaaminen ja sen ehkäisy päiväkodissa: työntekijöiden ja 5-7-vuotiaiden lasten näkemyksiä

    OpenAIRE

    Minkkinen, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni aiheena oli kiusaaminen ja sen ehkäisy päiväkodissa. Valitsin aiheen, koska se on mielestäni kiinnostava ja ajankohtainen: tutkimusten mukaan kiusaaminen on jatkuvasti lisääntynyt, eikä sen ehkäisemiseksi ole löydetty tehokkaita menetelmiä. Kiusaamista on tutkittu paljon, mutta vasta viime vuosina on nostettu esiin pienten lasten kiusaaminen. Näin ajankohtaiseksi on myös noussut kiusaamisen ehkäiseminen, joka voidaan aloittaa jo varhaiskasvatuksessa tulevaisuuden asenteiden ...

  3. Messuosasto Minna Parikka Shoes Oy:lle

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni aiheena on messuosaston suunnittelu Minna Parikka Shoes Oy:lle. Nykyään messurakenteiden ja -kalusteiden suunnitteluun ei ole panostettu, vaan on käytetty messujärjestäjien tarjoamia hylly- ja huonekaluratkaisuja. Messuosastot ovat olleet kooltaan noin viisi neliötä, eikä niillä ole saavutettu suurta näkyvyyttä. Minna Parikka Shoes Oy osallistuu vuosittain ainakin neljille eri messuille ympäri maailman. Messuosaston suunnittelun lähtökohtana on eri maiden messuihin sovel...

  4. Internationality meets locality - ART IST KUKU NU UT festival in Tartu / Tanel Rander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rander, Tanel, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    Kunstifestivalist ART IST KUKU NU UT. Näitusest "Möh? Fui! Öäk! Ossa! Vau! Eesti kaasaegse kunsti klassika" (06.09.-18.11.2012) Tartu Kunstimuuseumis. Festivali projektijuht Kaisa Eiche, kunstiline juht ja näituse kuraator Rael Artel. Näitusel osalesid Jaan Toomik, Raul Meel, Kai Kaljo, Johnson & Johnson, Anna-Stina Treumund ja Flo Kasearu. Chris Fitzpatrick'u kureeritud näitusest "Sõida tasa üle silla" (07.-30.09.2012) galeriis Noorus. Kuku Nunnu stipendiaadi Eike Epliku isikunäitusest "Tüdruk, kes kõike arnastas" (07.09.-28.10.2012) Y-galeriis

  5. Uus vaatus : EKA uue õppehoone arhitektuurivõistlus / Andres Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Andres, 1970-

    2014-01-01

    EKA uue õppehoone arhitektuurivõistlusel konkureeris 10 tööd. Kolmanda koha pälvis Salto Arhitektide töö märgusõnaga "Akadeemia" (autorid Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Margus Tamm, Helin Kukk ja Martin McLean). Teine koht kuulus tööle märgusõnaga "Aletheia" (autorid Jaan Kuusemets, Üllar Ambos, Pille Noole, Kaisa Lasner ja Jiannis Lykouras). Konkursi võitis töö märgusõnaga "Linea" (autorid Joel Kopli, Koit Ojaliiv, Juhan Rohtla ja Eik Hermann KUU Arhitektidest

  6. TCP/IP-sokettiohjelmoinnin sovelluslogiikka

    OpenAIRE

    Savolainen, Stanislav

    2014-01-01

    Insinöörityö kertoo, miten TCP-sokettien sovelluslogiikka rakentuu ja miten sitä voi käyttää ohjelmistoprojektissa. Voidaan tehdä omia verkkosovelluksia esimerkiksi web-selaimia, http-palvelimia, monipelejä, chat-ohjelmia, tiedostojakeluohjelmia ja muita sovelluksia. Työ näyttää myös sen, että verkko-ohjelmoinnin opettelun aloitusvaihe ei ole kovin vaikeaa eikä tarvitse tietää paljon tietoliikenteestä aloittaakseen yksinkertaisten omien verkko-ohjelmien teon. Kerron askel kerrallaan, mite...

  7. Työn arvostus Houskeeping-osastolla Hilton Helsinki Airport hotellissa

    OpenAIRE

    Kovasiipi, Sinna

    2014-01-01

    Tämä työ oli toimeksianto ja toimeksiantajana toimi Hilton Helsinki Airport hotelli. Tutkimus käsitteli housekeeping-osaston työn arvoja ja arvostusta sekä mainetta. Tutkimuksessa keskityttiin kerroshoitajien näkemyksiin työn arvostuksesta eikä perehdytty lainkaan hotelliasiakkaiden näkökulmiin. Tutkimus toteutettiin sähköpostihaastattelulla, joka oli suunnattu executive housekeeperille sekä kyselylomakkeella, joka oli suunnattu kerroshoitajille. Käytössä oli siis laadullinen ja määrällinen t...

  8. Erilaisia koulukirjastoja : kyselytutkimus Vaski-alueen peruskoulujen koulukirjastoista

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä esitellään koulukirjaston ominaisuuksia, tehtäviä sekä koulukirjastoa koskevia ohjeistuksia. Yksi merkittävimmistä koulukirjaston erityispiirteistä on aineiston ja palvelujen kohdentaminen koululle. Ideaalitapauksessa koulukirjasto sijaitsee joko koulun alueella tai sen läheisyydessä, ja sen hyödyntäminen koulupäivän aikana on helppoa. Suomessa koulukirjastot eivät ole pakollisia, eikä niihin kohdistu valvontaa. Koulukirjaston perustaminen ja ylläpito ovatkin esimerkiksi k...

  9. Mobiilipäätteen tiedonsiirtosovellus : Ongelmien kartoitus ja kehityssuunnitelman luonti

    OpenAIRE

    Saito, Kenji

    2012-01-01

    Insinöörityö tehtiin mobiilipäätteisiin perustuviin tiedonkeruuratkaisuihin erikoistuneelle yritykselle. Työssä kartoitettiin yrityksen kehittämän tiedonsiirtosovelluksen ongelmat, etsittiin mahdollisia ratkaisuja havaittuihin ongelmiin ja tehtiin suunnitelma ongelmien ratkaisemiseksi. Osa työn tuloksista on vain työn tilaajan käyttöön eikä sisälly kirjalliseen raporttiin. Ongelmien kartoitus suoritettiin haastattelemalla yrityksen sovellusasiantuntijoita. Ongelmien todettiin liittyvän pä...

  10. Structural changes of the choroid in sarcoid- and tuberculosis-related granulomatous uveitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, H; Sim, D A; Keane, P A; Zarranz-Ventura, J; Gallagher, K; Egan, C A; Westcott, M; Lee, R W J; Tufail, A; Pavesio, C E

    2015-01-01

    Aim The aim of this study is to characterise the choroidal features of patients diagnosed with sarcoid- and tuberculosis (TB)-associated granulomatous uveitis using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Twenty-seven patients (27 eyes) diagnosed with sarcoid- (13 eyes) and TB (14 eyes)-related uveitis were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional study. Over a six-month period, patients diagnosed with sarcoid and TB granulomatous uveitis were scanned using enhanced depth imaging OCT. Clinical and demographical characteristics were recorded, including the method of diagnosis, disease activity, site of inflammation (anterior or posterior), treatments, and visual acuity (VA). Manual segmentation of the choroidal layers was performed using custom image analysis software. Results The main outcome measure was OCT-derived thickness measurements of the choroid and choroidal sublayers (Haller's large vessel and Sattler's medium vessel layers) at the macula region. The ratio of Haller's large vessel to Sattler's medium vessel layer was significantly different at the total macula circle in eyes diagnosed with TB uveitis (1.47 (=140.71/95.72 μm)) compared with sarcoid uveitis (1.07 (=137.70/128.69 μm)) (P=0.001). A thinner choroid was observed in eyes with a VA ≥0.3 LogMAR (Snellen 6/12; 198.1 μm (interquartile range (IQR)=147.0–253.4 μm) compared with those with VA <0.3 LogMAR (292.4 μm (IQR=240.1–347.6 μm)) at the total macula circle (P=0.004). At the foveal central subfield, the median choroidal thickness was 336.8 μm (IQR=272.3–375.4 μm) in active compared with 239.3 μm (IQR=195.3–330.9 μm) in quiescent disease (P=0.04). Conclusion A disproportionately enlarged Sattler's layer may indicate a diagnosis of sarcoid-related uveitis, and choroidal thickening may be a feature of active granulomatous uveitis. PMID:26021867

  11. Manual of electromobility 2012; Handbuch Elektromobilitaet 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korthauer, Reiner (ed.)

    2012-07-01

    The third edition of the manual of electromobility reports on the actual state of electromobility and consists of the following brief articles: (1) Electromobility - The French point of view (C. Stam); (2) Elecromobility - Developments at foreign markets (O. Idem); (3) Target group analysis and market development of the electromobility (G.A. Teichmann); (4) Electromobility and electro-hype - Potentials, performance, alternatives (J. Adolf); (5) Resource efficiency of electromobility (M. Buchert); (6) Electrically mobil with hydrogen and fuel cells (B. Scheppart); (7) Electric drive in hybrid and fully electric vehicles (M. Doppelbauer); (8) Future battery technologies from the view of raw material producers (C. Hartnig); (9) Batteries on the test bench - The VDE testlab for batteries and environment (H. Sattler); (10) Smart grids as a necessary infrastructure (A. Hinz); (11) Inductive charging - A procedure of the future (M. Pavlidis); (12) Future chance eco mobility (G. Holtmeier); (13) Standards create safety (K. Hoehne).

  12. El argumento de probabilidad (τὸ εἰκός en la retórica griega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heiner Mercado Percia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los discursos de oradores como Isócrates, Gorgias, Antifonte, Lisias, entre otros, e igualmente, los dos tratados de retórica que conservamos de la segunda mitad del siglo IV a. C no sólo pueden considerarse como piezas literarias construidas con gran habilidad o como manuales con recetas para aplicar, sino como fuente de conceptos de interés para la filosofía. En este artículo se analiza uno de esos conceptos, τὸ εἰκός. Traducido normalmente como “probable” o “verosímil”, los eikóta son recursos argumentativos utilizados desde los orígenes de la práctica de arte retórico, sobre todo en espacios judiciales y, particularmente, fueron usados en aquellos litigios en los que la falta de testigos o testimonios hacía difícil inclinar favorablemente al juez. Pero también los eikóta ocuparon el centro de la crítica platónica por ser definidos como opuestos a la verdad (ἀλήθεια.

  13. Las estructuras mixtas de hormigón y acero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Calzón, J.

    1966-07-01

    Full Text Available The reason is given why compound structures are not more widely used in Spanish constructional work at present. The possibility is discussed that this technique shall be used without inhibition in the near future, in all those cases where it is the best constructional solution. A succinct account is given of a simple, approximate method, and also a more accurate one, due to Sattler, to calculate compound steel and concrete sections. By means of an example, it is shown how to make use of tables, and of an electronic program, which are to be included in a book shortly to be published, written by the author of this article. These tables and electronic program tend to avoid the laboriousness of calculations and are an aid in designing this type of structures.Se ponen de relieve las principales causas de la poca difusión de las estructuras mixtas en el campo de la construcción española actual, y la posibilidad de que, en un futuro próximo, esta técnica llegue a utilizarse sin reservas en los casos que su empleo sea indicado. Muy sucintamente se presentan un método sencillo aproximado y otro más preciso debido a Sattler, para el cálculo de secciones. Se muestra también, mediante un ejemplo, la utilización de unas tablas y un programa de cálculo electrónico que han de figurar en una obra, de próxima aparición, del autor de este artículo, que tienden a evitar la laboriosidad de los cálculos y ayudar al dimensionamiento de este tipo de estructuras.

  14. Pivo säästämisen työkaluna

    OpenAIRE

    Liukkonen, Jussi; Kettukangas, Dani

    2016-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö käsittelee mobiililompakkosovellus Pivon kehittämistä säästämisen kannalta. Aihe valittiin, koska Pivossa ei ole säästämisen ominaisuuksia, eikä Pivoa ole tutkittu säästämisen kannalta aikaisemmin. Aihetta lähestyttiin milleniaalikäyttäjien säästämiseen motivoimisen näkökulmasta. Milleniaalien, eli 1980-1996 syntyneiden, säästökäyttäytymistä tutkittiin laadullisesti teemahaastatteluilla. Työn avulla pyritään syventämään tietoisuutta Pivon avulla tapahtuvasta säästämisestä sek...

  15. Eesti Vabariigi teenetemärgi saajad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi saajad: Peeter Kaldur, Priit Rannut, Jüri Raudsepp, Elmar-August Reinsoo. Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi saajad: Marika Kahar, Ülo Korjus, Anne Peäske. Kotkaristi IV klassi teenetemärgi saaja on Taavi Laanepere. Valgetähe II klassi teenetemärgi saaja on Christakis Charalambides. Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi saajad: Innokenti Hiet, Rein Käsk, Tõnu Lehtsaar, Toomas Siitan. Valgetähe V klassi saajad: Anna Vankova ja Jaan-Eik Tulve. Eesti Punase Risti IV klassi teenetemärgi saaja Heljut Kapral

  16. Eesti Vabariigi teenetemärgi saajad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi saajad: Peeter Kaldur, Priit Rannut, Jüri Raudsepp, Elmar-August Reinsoo. Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi saajad: Marika Kahar, Ülo Korjus, Anne Peäske. Kotkaristi IV klassi teenetemärgi saaja on Taavi Laanepere. Valgetähe II klassi teenetemärgi saaja on Christakis Charalambides. Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi saajad: Innokenti Hiet, Rein Käsk, Tõnu Lehtsaar, Toomas Siitan. Valgetähe V klassi saajad: Anna Vankova ja Jaan-Eik Tulve. Eesti Punase Risti IV klassi teenetemärgi saaja Heljut Kapral

  17. SharePoint 2013 ja käyttäjien hallinta

    OpenAIRE

    Kettunen, Ville

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli ottaa uusi Microsoft SharePoint 2013 -versio käyttöön Kainuun ammattiopistossa. Ammattiopistossa oli käytössään SharePoint 2007 -versio eikä sitä ollut päivitetty ohjelmaperheen uudempien versioiden tasalle aiemmin. SharePoint 2013:ssa on myös paljon uusia ominaisuuksia, joita aiemmissa versioissa ei ole ollut käytössä. Henkilöstö voi esimerkiksi käyttää omia sivustojaan ja korvata aikaisemmat kotikansiot. Uudessa versiossa voi myös käsitellä kuvia ja vide...

  18. Power combining considerations for project Prometheus TWTAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komm, David S.; Smith, Scott K.; Menninger, William L.

    2005-01-01

    NASA's Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO) mission would be faced with the challenging data transmission task of sending a 50 Mbps stream of science data back to Earth over a distance of 6.2 A.U. (9.3x10^8 km). This high data rate will require a transmitter power of 1 kW at 32 GHz which greatly exceeds the highest powers available from any currently existing space-qualified RF amplifiers. Initially, consideration was given to developing a space-qualified klystron or EIK because of the relatively narrow bandwidths implied by this data rate, but neither of these device types have any significant history of use in space.

  19. Lapsiperheen keittiö

    OpenAIRE

    Jahkola, Julia

    2014-01-01

    Lasten ruokakasvatusta on alettu tuoda esille yhä enemmän. Lapsi oppii parhaiten katsomisen sijaan tekemisen kautta. Monessa perheessä on suuri kynnys ottaa lapsia mukaan ruuanlaittoon. Syynä on usein pelko siitä, että lapsi satuttaa itsensä tai aiheuttaa muuta vahinkoa keittiössä. Lapsiperheelle suunniteltu keittiö on käsitteenä uusi, eikä aikaisempaa tutkimusta siis ole tehty, mikä toi haasteita tämän opinnäytetyön toteuttamiseen. Tässä työssä nostetaan esille niitä asioita ja näkökulmia, j...

  20. 新一代家具

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖凤霞(译)

    2005-01-01

    怎样使普通的柜变成交流的媒介?科隆家具博览会的展示给人们留下了深刻的印象。在该博览会上,设计师Eike Becker和来自柏林的后起之秀Schneiderscharm展示了他们的新作“Tafelschrank”或叫“宽板柜”。Becker将他的宽板柜描绘成“不仅仅是一个储存盘子、文件或衣服的地方”,这件混合家具既是橱柜也是展示柜。

  1. A Modified JONSWAP Spectrum Dependent Only On Wave Height and Period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    0 5 j t 9 "’Lr, 1 m- Ts:t T t 4 IA -4.. r44 ig- 0 LU L f 4f 7tt LL +. 0 44 C4 mC L.) 3 0ONCNM r% C4 1o -u L*AL 0. a% -a, - 4NL 0-: 4 LL 0r,0 O...Srŗe CALL ALjl-4’ (,9sto-q A Wa-jIS~𔃾 (-4c ).) NiF SI.,FT=-.4 4sr: r deUuJ LO).T[’’ IUl Ioij.4 T t_’Fiu., ) 2* ’虫* :41?i) ~-t ei.K Sio a -VL

  2. Medizinbibliotheken an Hochschulen in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz im Porträt / A survey of medical libraries at universities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent issue 2-3/2009 of GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information has a focus on “Medical libraries at universities in Germany, Austria and Switzerland”. The authors in this issue are Iris Reimann (Aachen, Ulf Paepke (Berlin, Kerstin Voss (Bochum, Michaele Adam, Eva Pollack & Michael Golsch (Dresden, Katrin Wibker (Duisburg-Essen, Frank Reimers (Freiburg, Irmgard Hort (Gießen, Karin Stukenbrock (Halle/Saale, Melanie Kintzel & Sven Petterson (Hamburg, Annamarie Felsch-Klotz, Angelika Möhlhenrich, Sigrid Schmidt-Rohland & Christiane Weiss (Hannover, Sybille Mauthe (Heidelberg, Ute Troitzsch (Jena, Oliver Weiner & Eike Hentschel (Kiel, Ulrike Rüger, Marlies Herrmann, Anja Kaiser & Christiane Hofmann (Leipzig, Heike Geisel & Stefanus Schweizer (Mainz, Manuela Schulz (Mannheim, Oliver Obst (Münster, Christina Walter (Tübingen, Ulrike Kortschak (Graz, Marion Breitschopf (Innsbruck and Bruno Bauer, Karin Cepicka, Helmut Dollfuß, Elisabeth Erasimus, Margrit Hartl & Ruth Lotter (Wien.

  3. High Power Amplifier and Power Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Johnny; Stride, Scot; Harvey, Wayne; Haque, Inam; Packard, Newton; Ng, Quintin; Ispirian, Julie Y.; Waian, Christopher; Janes, Drew

    2008-01-01

    A document discusses the creation of a high-voltage power supply (HVPS) that is able to contain voltages up to -20 kV, keep electrical field strengths to below 200 V/mil (approximately equal to 7.87 kV/mm), and can provide a 200-nanosecond rise/fall time focus modulator swinging between cathode potential of 16.3 kV and -19.3 kV. This HVPS can protect the 95-GHz, pulsed extended interaction klystron (EIK) from arcs/discharges from all sources, including those from within the EIK fs vacuum envelope. This innovation has a multi-winding pulse transformer design, which uses new winding techniques to provide the same delays and rise/fall times (less than 10 nanoseconds) at different potential levels ranging from -20 kV to -16 kV. Another feature involves a high-voltage printed-wiring board that was corona-free at -20 kV DC with a 3- kV AC swing. The corona-free multilayer high-voltage board is used to simulate fields of less than 200 V/mil (approximately equal to 7.87 kV/mm) at 20 kV DC. Drive techniques for the modulator FETs (field-effect transistors) (four to 10 in a series) were created to change states (3,000-V swing) without abrupt steps, while still maintaining required delays and transition times. The packing scheme includes a potting mold to house a ten-stage modulator in the space that, in the past, only housed a four-stage modulator. Problems keeping heat down were solved using aluminum oxide substrate in the high-voltage section to limit temperature rise to less than 10 while withstanding -20 kV DC voltage and remaining corona-free.

  4. Correlation of Aging and Segmental Choroidal Thickness Measurement using Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Healthy Eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakatsuki, Yu; Shinojima, Ari; Kawamura, Akiyuki; Yuzawa, Mitsuko

    2015-01-01

    To assess and compare choroidal thickness changes related to aging, we determined whether changes are due to thinning of the choriocapillaris plus Sattler's (CS) layer and/or the large vessel layer in healthy eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) at a wavelength of 1,050-nm. We studied 115 normal eyes of 115 healthy volunteers, all with refractive errors of less than -6 diopters. All 115 eyes underwent analysis of choroidal thickness at the fovea, the CS layer and the large choroidal vessel layer. In 68 of the 115 eyes, choroidal thickness was determined at five sites (the fovea, and superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal sites) using SS-OCT with an Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy grid scan. Total choroidal thicknesses at each of the five sites were related to subject age (Pchoroid was thinnest at the nasal site, followed by the temporal, inferior, superior and finally the subfoveal site itself. The total choroidal thickness at the nasal site was significantly less than those at the other four sites (pthickness of the choroidal large vessel layer also decreased with age (p = 0.02). Subfoveal choroidal thickness was calculated as follows: 443.89-2.98×age (μm) (Pchoroidal thickness decreases by 2.98 μm each year. Total choroidal thickness diminishes with age. The CS and large vessel layers of the choroid at the subfovea showed significant decreases, though only the former correlated strongly with age.

  5. Penelusuran Karakteristik Hasil Tes Inteligensi WISC Pada Anak Dengan Gangguan Pemusatan Perhatian Dan Hiperaktivitas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Nanik

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available By considering the impact of Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD to the future children education, the exploration of intelligence test result charac-teristic of children with ADHD is needed. The purpose of the explanation is to help children with ADHD to cope their obstacle in actualizing their intelligence potency through appropriate educational guidance. Intelligence test result characteristic with Wechsler Intelligence Children Scale (WISC test is explored on 10 boys with ADHD aged 6 – 12 years old in Surabaya. The data is interpreted according to Glasser and Zimmerman, Ogdon Sattler, and Jose/ Goewens reference and is described with the additional data quantitatively. Children with ADHD have low score in some WISC sub¬tests. The rank of the scores from the lowest is object assembly, picture arrangement, information, comprehension, digit span, and block design. The subtests reflect the limited capacity of children with ADHD in visual motor coordination, visual perception organization, visual-spatial relationship and field dependence, sequence ability, planning ability, effects of uncer¬tainty, and social sensitivity. By knowing these limitations, it is understandable why children with ADHD have problems in behavior, social, cognitive, academic, and emotional. The limitations of ADHD children in actualizing their intelligence potency is related to the disfunction of the right hemisphere. Keywords: Intelligence test, WISC, ADHD.

  6. First attempt to study rock glaciers in New Zealand using the Schmidt-hammer - framework and preliminary results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Stefan; Lambiel, Christophe; Sattler, Katrin; Büche, Thomas; Springer, Johanna

    2016-04-01

    Although not uncommon within the dryer eastern parts of the Southern Alps, New Zealand, comparatively few previous studies have previously focused on rock glacier dynamics and spatial distribution. Neither investigations of their chronological constraints nor any studies on actual rock glacier velocities have yet been carried out. Rock glaciers and periglacial processes still largely constitute a largely unexplored albeit potentially valuable field of research in the Southern Alps. The high-altitude valley head of Irishman Stream in the Ben Ohau Range between Lakes Ohau and Pukaki, roughly 30 km southeast of the Main Divide, contains a few morphologically intact rock glaciers and some appear to be active features (Sattler et al. 2016). Previous work focusing on the Late-glacial and early Holocene moraines in the valley head below the rock glaciers (Kaplan et al. 2010) provided 10Be-ages that could be utilised as fixed points for SHD (Schmidt-hammer exposure-age dating). Apart from detailed Schmidt-hammer sampling on the Late-glacial and early Holocene moraines, two altitudinal transects from the toe to their apex have been measured in detail on selected rock glaciers. On each of the multiple ridges of the rock glacier surface three sites of 50 boulders have been sampled with one impact each by the hammer (an N-type electronic SilverSchmidt by Proceq). Apart from getting some age constraints of these periglacial features in comparison to the well-dated moraines, the Schmidt-hammer measurements also had the aim to provide some insight into their genetic development resulting in a quite complex morphology of the rock glaciers and partial interaction with some of the moraines. Both altitudinal transects reveal a clear and continuous trend of increasing means (i.e. less weathered/younger exposure ages) towards their apex. The values for the individual ridges show, however, a transitional character with adjacent ridges albeit the abovementioned trend not statistically

  7. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    19 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2006. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Ära nimetati Hasso Krulli luulekogu "Talv", Jan Kausi romaan "Tema", Madis Kõivu "Näidendid I", Jaan Pehki luulekogu "Tuigu kui tuled", Tarmo Tedre romaan "Onanistid", Kristiina Ehini romaan "Pillipuhujanaine ja pommipanijanaine", Marko Kompuse luulekogu "Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja", Mathura luulekogu "Kohalolu", Rein Põdra romaan "Eike", Indrek Ryytle luulekogu "Inglid rokijaamas", Triin Soometsa "Väljas" ja Ervin Õunapuu romaan "Meie igapäevane jää". Debüütteostest mainiti Kaupo Meieli luulekogu "Polügrafisti käsiraamat", Anti Saare romaani "Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin", Andra Teede luulekogu "Takso Tallinna taevas", Maarja Kangro luulekogu "Kurat õrnal lumel", Andrus Elbingu luulekogu "Siin Beebilõust, tere!", Tiina Ilvese juturaamat "Augustihambad", Indrek Koffi luulekogu "Vana laul", Eliina Kortsu luulekogu "Lööklaused murravad metsi", Carolina Pihelga luulekogu "Sõrmemuster" ja Paavo Piigi luulekogu "Kummuli linnad"

  8. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    19 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2006. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Ära nimetati Hasso Krulli luulekogu "Talv", Jan Kausi romaan "Tema", Madis Kõivu "Näidendid I", Jaan Pehki luulekogu "Tuigu kui tuled", Tarmo Tedre romaan "Onanistid", Kristiina Ehini romaan "Pillipuhujanaine ja pommipanijanaine", Marko Kompuse luulekogu "Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja", Mathura luulekogu "Kohalolu", Rein Põdra romaan "Eike", Indrek Ryytle luulekogu "Inglid rokijaamas", Triin Soometsa "Väljas" ja Ervin Õunapuu romaan "Meie igapäevane jää". Debüütteostest mainiti Kaupo Meieli luulekogu "Polügrafisti käsiraamat", Anti Saare romaani "Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin", Andra Teede luulekogu "Takso Tallinna taevas", Maarja Kangro luulekogu "Kurat õrnal lumel", Andrus Elbingu luulekogu "Siin Beebilõust, tere!", Tiina Ilvese juturaamat "Augustihambad", Indrek Koffi luulekogu "Vana laul", Eliina Kortsu luulekogu "Lööklaused murravad metsi", Carolina Pihelga luulekogu "Sõrmemuster" ja Paavo Piigi luulekogu "Kummuli linnad"

  9. Medizinbibliotheken: Innovativ denken, strategisch planen, praktisch umsetzen / Medical libraries: think innovative, plan strategically, implement in practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The focus of the current issue 3/2011 of GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information is the annual conference 2011 of the German Medical Libraries Association in Cologne. The motto of the conference was “Think innovative, plan strategically, implement in practice”. Focal points of the meeting were innovation management, marketing and new applications in medical libraries.The authors in this issue are Bruno Bauer, Daniel Formanek & Helmut Dollfuß (E-Books at medical libraries: They came to stay, Ursula Georgy (Systematic innovation management, Maurizio Grilli (New library portal at Province College for Health-Care Professions Claudiana, Bozen, Sabine Köhrer-Weisser (Marketing in One Person Libraries, Roland Mumenthaler (Innovation Management at ETH-Bibliothek, Markus Schmiel (Performance-related bonuses at Hannover Medical School: practical experience report of the library, Guus van den Brekel (Mobile Computing & Semantic Web in Health & Medicine, Iris Reimann & Sonja Fräntz (Think innovative, plan strategically, implement in practice – Annual Meeting 2011 of the German MLA, 19th to 21th September in Cologne and Eike Hentschel (Aus der AGMB.

  10. Safety and performance of cohesive polydensified matrix hyaluronic acid fillers with lidocaine in the clinical setting – an open-label, multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kühne U

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Ulrich Kühne,1 Jørgen Esmann,2 Dennis von Heimburg,3 Matthias Imhof,1 Petra Weissenberger,4 Gerhard Sattler,5 On behalf of the BALIA Study Group 1Aesthetische Dermatologie im Medico Palais, Bad Soden, Germany; 2Jørgen Esmann Aps, Hellerup, Denmark; 3Praxisklinik Kaiserplatz, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 4Corporate Clinical Research, Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 5Rosenparkklinik GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany Abstract: Cohesive polydensified matrix (CPM® hyaluronic acid fillers are now available with or without lidocaine. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and performance of CPM® fillers with lidocaine in the clinical setting. In an open-label, prospective, postmarketing study, 108 patients from seven sites in Germany and Denmark were treated with one or more lidocaine-containing CPM® fillers. Performance was assessed using the Merz Aesthetics Scales® (MAS. Pain was rated on an 11-point visual analog scale. Patients’ and physicians’ satisfaction as well as adverse events were recorded. Improvements of ≥1-point on MAS immediately after and 17 days posttreatment were observed in ~90% of patients compared with baseline. All investigators assessed ejection force, product positioning, and performance as similar or superior to the respective nonlidocaine products. Overall, 94% of investigators were satisfied with the esthetic outcomes and were willing to continue using the products. All patients except one were satisfied with the results, and all were willing to repeat the treatment. Mean pain scores were low during (<3.0 and after injection (<0.6. Except for one case of bruising, all adverse events were mild to moderate. CPM® fillers with lidocaine are safe and effective for a wide range of esthetic facial indications. Keywords: cohesive polydensified matrix, dermal fillers, Belotero, Esthélis, Fortélis, Modélis

  11. Correlation of Aging and Segmental Choroidal Thickness Measurement using Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Healthy Eyes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Wakatsuki

    Full Text Available To assess and compare choroidal thickness changes related to aging, we determined whether changes are due to thinning of the choriocapillaris plus Sattler's (CS layer and/or the large vessel layer in healthy eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT at a wavelength of 1,050-nm.We studied 115 normal eyes of 115 healthy volunteers, all with refractive errors of less than -6 diopters. All 115 eyes underwent analysis of choroidal thickness at the fovea, the CS layer and the large choroidal vessel layer. In 68 of the 115 eyes, choroidal thickness was determined at five sites (the fovea, and superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal sites using SS-OCT with an Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy grid scan.Total choroidal thicknesses at each of the five sites were related to subject age (P<0.0001. The choroid was thinnest at the nasal site, followed by the temporal, inferior, superior and finally the subfoveal site itself. The total choroidal thickness at the nasal site was significantly less than those at the other four sites (p<0.05. The CS layer showed thinning which correlated with age (P<0.0001. The thickness of the choroidal large vessel layer also decreased with age (p = 0.02. Subfoveal choroidal thickness was calculated as follows: 443.89-2.98×age (μm (P<0.0001.Subfoveal choroidal thickness decreases by 2.98 μm each year. Total choroidal thickness diminishes with age. The CS and large vessel layers of the choroid at the subfovea showed significant decreases, though only the former correlated strongly with age.

  12. Full-thickness choroidal thinning as a feature of Fuchs Uveitis Syndrome: quantitative evaluation of the choroid by Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography in a cohort of consecutive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerquaglia, Alessio; Iaccheri, Barbara; Fiore, Tito; Lupidi, Marco; Torroni, Giovanni; Fruttini, Daniela; Giacalone, Claudia; Cagini, Carlo

    2016-10-01

    To perform a quantitative analysis of choroidal thickness in patients with Fuchs Uveitis Syndrome (FUS) using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). All patients underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, applanation tonometry, axial length measurements with a swept-source biometer (IOLMaster 700, Carl Zeiss Medic AG, Jena, Germany) and macular 30° linear EDI- B-scan SD-OCT section (Spectralis HRAII+OCT, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) in both eyes. Analysis of choroidal thickness was performed at three different locations: subfoveally, 750 μm nasally, and 750 μm temporally to the fovea. Patients having received any surgery or intravitreal injections in the last 12 months and with axial length variance ≥ 1 mm between both eyes were excluded. Sixteen eyes of eight consecutive patients with unilateral FUS were included. Segmented analysis of the choroid, separately considering Haller's layer and Sattler's-choriocapillaris layers, showed statistically significant lower values (p choroidal thickness mean values ranged from 305.62 ± 92.96 μm to 347.50 ± 91.55 μm; in FEs those values were significantly lower (p thickness choroidal thinning in FEs was observed. Considering the absence of significant axial length differences between FEs and NFEs in our patient series, these data seem to suggest that the full-thickness choroidal thinning in FEs may be due to the inflammatory process. In that way, FUS might be regarded as an inflammatory condition involving the whole uveal tunic, even the posterior part of it, definitively supplanting the early definition of "heterochromic iridociclytis".

  13. Optical imaging of the chorioretinal vasculature in the living human eye.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dae Yu; Fingler, Jeff; Zawadzki, Robert J; Park, Susanna S; Morse, Lawrence S; Schwartz, Daniel M; Fraser, Scott E; Werner, John S

    2013-08-27

    Detailed visualization of microvascular changes in the human retina is clinically limited by the capabilities of angiography imaging, a 2D fundus photograph that requires an intravenous injection of fluorescent dye. Whereas current angiography methods enable visualization of some retinal capillary detail, they do not adequately reveal the choriocapillaris or other microvascular features beneath the retina. We have developed a noninvasive microvascular imaging technique called phase-variance optical coherence tomography (pvOCT), which identifies vasculature three dimensionally through analysis of data acquired with OCT systems. The pvOCT imaging method is not only capable of generating capillary perfusion maps for the retina, but it can also use the 3D capabilities to segment the data in depth to isolate vasculature in different layers of the retina and choroid. This paper demonstrates some of the capabilities of pvOCT imaging of the anterior layers of choroidal vasculature of a healthy normal eye as well as of eyes with geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration. The pvOCT data presented permit digital segmentation to produce 2D depth-resolved images of the retinal vasculature, the choriocapillaris, and the vessels in Sattler's and Haller's layers. Comparisons are presented between en face projections of pvOCT data within the superficial choroid and clinical angiography images for regions of GA. Abnormalities and vascular dropout observed within the choriocapillaris for pvOCT are compared with regional GA progression. The capability of pvOCT imaging of the microvasculature of the choriocapillaris and the anterior choroidal vasculature has the potential to become a unique tool to evaluate therapies and understand the underlying mechanisms of age-related macular degeneration progression.

  14. Laser Induced Fluorescence Imaging: Searching for Organics from the Dry Valleys of Queen Maud Land Antarctica to the Regolith and Ices of Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storrie-Lombardi, M. C.; Sattler, B.; Muller, J.-P.; Fisk, M.; Cousins, C.; Dartnell, L.

    2009-04-01

    . Rev. Sci. Ins., 72(12): 4452-4459. 2. Nealson, K.H., Tsapin, A., and Storrie-Lombardi, M. 2002. Searching for life in the universe: unconventional methods for an unconventional problem. International Microbio., 5: 223-230. 3. Storrie-Lombardi, M.C., Muller, J.-P., Fisk, M.R., Griffiths, A.D., and Coates, A.J. 2008a. Potential for non-destructive astrochemistry using the ExoMars PanCam. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35: L12201, doi 10.1029/2008GL034296. 4. Storrie-Lombardi, M.C., Muller, J.-P., Fisk, M.R., Griffiths, A.D., and Coates, A.J. 2008b. Epifluorescence surveys of extreme environments using PanCam imaging systems: Antarctica and the Mars regolith. Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XI (R.B. Hoover, G.V. Levin, & A.Y. Rozanov, Eds.) Proc. SPIE, 7097 (25): 1-10. 5. Storrie-Lombardi, M.C. 2005. Post-Bayesian strategies to optimize astrobiology instrument suites: lessons from Antarctica and the Pilbara. Astrobiology and Planetary Missions (R. B. Hoover, G. V. Levin and A. Y. Rozanov, Eds.), Proc. SPIE, 5906: 288-301. 6. Psenner, R. and Sattler, B. 1998. Life at the freezing point. Science, 280: 2073-2074. 7. Sattler, B., Puxbaum, H., and Psenner, R. 2001. Bacterial growth in supercooled cloud droplets. Geophys. Res. Ltrs., 28(2): 239-242. 8. Sattler, B., Waldhuber, S., Fischer, H., Semmler, H., Sipiera, P., and Psenner, R. 2004. Microbial activity and phylogeny in ice cores retrieved from Lake Paula, a newly detected freshwater lake in Antarctica. Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology VIII (R. B. Hoover, G. V. Levin and A. Y. Rozanov, Eds.) Proc. SPIE, 5555: 170-179. 9. Muller, J.-P., Storrie-Lombardi, M.C., Fisk, M.R., Coates, A., Griffiths, A., Rees, K., Walton, D., Theobald, C., Brockley-Blatt, C., and Rousseau, A. 2009. WALI - Wide Angle Laser Imaging enhancement to ExoMars PanCam: a system for organics and life detection in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2009. Vienna, Austria.

  15. Genetic dissection of bioenerrgy traits in sorghum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vermerris, Wilfred; Kresovich, Stephen; Murray, Seth; Pedersen, Jeffery; Rooney, William; Sattler, Scott.

    2012-06-15

    , the selection of progeny containing favorable alleles for sugar concentration is expected to be more efficient. Objectives 3 and 4 The experiments from these objectives have been completed. Some of the data have been published in the journal BioEnergy Research (Sattler et al. 2012) and in a book chapter on the utilization of sorghum biomass by Vermerris and Saballos (2012) (see publication list for full details). One manuscript is in progress and is expected to be submitted in 2013. The experiments for these objectives were based on the characterization of a set of novel sorghum mutants identified in a TILLING population generated by Dr. Zhanguo Xin (USDA-RS, Lubbock, TX). The main findings were: 1) Based on allelism tests of bmr mutants from the USDA TILLING population, there are three novel sorghum bmr loci, currently referred to as bmr-20, bmr-100 and bmr-1107. This brings the total number of bmr loci to a maximum of seven (manuscript in preparation). 2) The biomass conversion properties of the novel bmr mutants are not significantly better than the wildtype control, limiting their utility for bioenergy production (manuscript in preparation). This also means that all three bmr loci that positively influence biomass conversion (bmr2, bmr6 and bmr12) have been cloned. Two of these genes (Bmr6 and Bmr2) were cloned with funding from this project. 3) Four novel mutant alleles of bmr12 were identified and characterized. These mutants alleles are bmr12-30, bmr12-34, bmr12-35and bmr12-820, and they all contain missense mutations, leading to amino acid substitutions with varying effects on lignin content and lignin subunit composition (syringyl/guaiacyl ratio). One of the mutants, bmr-35, represents a phenotype that is intermediate between the wild type and the bmr12-reference mutant, which is a null mutant. This intermediate phenotype may offer a balance between enhanced biomass conversion properties and good agronomic performance (Sattler et al., 2012). 4) It is possible

  16. Die verband tussen die sielkundige kontrak en organisasieverbondenheid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. J. Stanz

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between the psychological contract and organisational commitment. The aim of this study is to design a measuring instrument with acceptable metric characteristics for the strength of the psychological contract within the South African context, and to determine empirically the relation between the strength of the psychological contract and organisational commitment. The Dhammanungune Model served as foundation for the design of the Strength of the Psychological Contract Questionnaire which consists of two scales namely, a needs expectation scale and a needs fulfilment expectation scale. The items of each scale have been formulated in the manner that ensures that the respondent reacts consecutively to two instructions namely, (a the level of the expectation and (b the importance of the expectation. This questionnaire was administered together with the Organisational Commitment Questionnaire to two population groups within the military environment. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation was calculated between the strength of the psychological contract and organisational commitment and the significance of the correlations was evaluated. Opsomming Die doel van die studie is om 'n meetinstrument met aanvaarbare metriese eienskappe vir die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak vir Suid-Afrikaanse omstandighede te ontwerp en om empirics die verband tussen die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak en organisasieverbondenheid te bepaal. Die sterkte van die sielkundige kontrak vraelys is op grond van die Dhammanungune-model ontwerp en het uit twee skale naamlik, die behoefteverwagting- en vervullingsverwagtingskale bestaan. Items vir eike skaal is sodanig geformuleer dat die respondent agteropeenvolgens op twee instruksies naamlik (a die vlak van die verwagting en (b die belangrikheid van die verwagting moet reageer. Die vraelys is saam met die organisasieverbondenheidsvraelys op twee populasies uit 'n militere omgewing toegepas. Die Pearson

  17. Bibliotheken im Fluss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The focus of the current issue 3/2015 of GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information is the annual conference 2015 of the German Medical Libraries Association in Mannheim. The motto of the conference was “Libraries in progress”. The authors in this issue are Bruno Bauer (Research data – a new field of activity (also for libraries, Markus Fischer (Search filter for local holdings in bibnet.org, Ursula Georgy (Strategic marketing: Benefit positioning strategy of libraries as a content provider in competition, Mareike Grisse (Reading and understanding licensing agreements for electronic resources, Regine Küfner Lein (Access to medical full texts and databases in Norway by national licensing, Annette Kustos (Collection management and service concept at the academic library of the Hochschule für Gesundheit, Oliver Weiner (Medical documents in university repositories, Sabine Buroh (Impressions from the EAHIL Workshop, Edinburgh, 10–12 June 2015, Mareike Grisse (Supra-regional availability of licensed electronic content – ZB MEDs’ new models, Jana Pössel (LIVIVO: The new ZB MED search portal for life sciences, Jasmin Schmitz (Offering advice on open access publishing in libraries, Fabian Gail (Product and innovation management ZB MED and Dagmar Härter (Medical libraries: libraries in progress – annual meeting 2015 of the German MLA, September 7 to 9 at Basel, Switzerland. Furthermore this focus issue features articles from Eike Hentschel (Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2015: Introduction of the winners and Iris Reimann (German MLA News; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2016 – Announcement.

  18. Second world renewable energy assembly (WREA) 2007; 2. Weltversammlung fuer Erneuerbare Energien (WREA) 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    Within the Second World Renewable Energy Assembly at 19th to 21st November, 2007, in Bonn (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) How to motivate common people, scientists, companies and policy makers for renewable energy (Volker Thomsen); (2) Renewables 2007 Global Status Report (Eric Martinot); (3) Renewable Energy in Africa (Ibrahim Togola); (4) Legislation, the great challenge for renewable energies in Latin America (Mauro Passos); (5) Building Strategic North American Alliances to Maximize the Implementation of Renewable Energy (Jose Etcheverry); (6) Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development (Shi DingHuan); (7) Renewable Energies in EU27 (Wolfgang Palz); (8) The health costs of conventional energies (Susanne Weber-Mosdorf); (9) The need for a EU-wide Moratorium on Incentives for Agrofuels and Imports of Agrofuels (Sergio Oceransky); (10) The nuclear power is no solution (Eike Schwarz); (11) Carbon Trading - a critical conversation on climate change, privatisation and power (Jutta Kil); (12) The culminating energy insecurity (Joerg Schindler); (13) 100 % Renewables Scenarios an Overview (Harry Lehmann); (14) ICLEI's Local Renewables Initiative What local governments can do to promote the generation and use of renewable energy (Monika Zimmermann); (15) 100 % Projects for cities, countries and regions - an overview (Michael Stoehr); (16) Conceptualizing RE Strategies (Heinz-Wolfgang Boehnke); (17) Negawatts and Micropower: The Coming Electrical Revolution (Amory Lovins); (18) Renewable Energies, Sustainability and World Trade - Overcoming the double standard (Doerte Fouquet); (19) Financing strategies for Renewable Energies in Latin America and The Caribbean (Pablo Rosenthal); (20) Overcoming the Double-Standards: Subsidies for Nuclear and Fossil Energy (Doug Koplow); (21) The prepossession of international institutions for energy (Hans-Josef Fell); (22) The bias of the international energy institutions: The case of IAEO

  19. Medizinbibliotheken: Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer, Bruno

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available [english] The focus of the current issue 3/2014 of GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information is the annual conference 2014 of the German Medical Libraries Association in Mannheim. The motto of the conference was “Medical libraries: Information”. The authors in this issue are Michaele Adam (Bibliometrics 2.0 – Altmetrics in Medicine, Bruno Bauer (Open access cooperation in Austria: Open Access Network Austria and Austria – recent developments since 2012, Fabian Gail & Ulrich Korwitz (Market and strategy – results of the ZB MED market study, Sabine Gehrlein (Library goes Anatomy: Anatomical teaching media at Heidelberg University Library, Kaja Scheliga (Opening science: New publication forms in science, Ulrike Ostrzinski (The four types of social media user in the academic and research community. Results of a nationwide study, Sandra Pfob & Alena Ittner (First aid for library use on PC: webinars increase library visits, reach everyone, save costs, Simone Waldboth (Integration of e-learning in the lecture “Information Literacy” at the Provincial College for Health-Care Professions Claudiana, Maike Piegler (The pick up box of the library of the Hamburg medical association – a way to bring scientific information to medical specialists and Christoph Wehrmüller & Heidrun Janka (Medical : Information – Annual meeting 2014 of the German MLA, September 22 to 24 in Mannheim.Furthermore this focus issue features articles from Bruno Bauer (: transformation strategies for subscription-based journaleport on the 8 Open Access Days at Cologne, September 8–9 2014, Eike Hentschel (German MLA News; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2014: Introduction of the winners; Pioneer projects in medical libraries 2015 – Announcement and Franz J. Kühnen (Klaus Gerber 1934–2014.

  20. The meaning of working in black and white managerial samples with specific reference to sense of entitlement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Watkins

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Wealth distribution and wealth creation are probably the most important challenges to be faced by South African government. At the organisational level, it will be required of each employee to accept responsibility for contributing to organisational success. The formation of multi-cultural work teams gives relevance to the study of meaning of work and specifically, to the sense of entitlement as a manifestation of a need for equity. In this study it was found that black managers experience a stronger sense of entitlement than their white colleagues/ which is ascribed to deprivation in the past. Although affirmative action could be implemented as a compensatory measure, the caveats involved make it imperative to consider other alternatives. Hence, it is proposed that management systems should be redesigned to promote egalitarianism in the workplace. Opsomming Die verdeling en skepping van welvaart is waarskynlik die belangrikste uitdagings wat die Suid-Afrikaanse regering die hoof moet bied. Op ondernemingsvlak sal daar dus van eike werknemer verwag word om verantwoordelikheid vir 'n betekenisvolle bydrae tot organisasie-sukses te aanvaar. Die vorming van multi-kulturele groepe skep relevansie vir die bestudering van die betekenis van werk, en spesifiek die sin vir geregtigdheid,1 as 'n manifestasie van 'n behoefte aan billikheid. In hierdie studie is daar gevind dat swart bestuurders 'n sterker sin vir geregtigdheid as hulle wit kollegas ervaar. Dit word aan deprivasie in die verlede toegeskryf. Ofskoon regstellende aksie as 'n kompenserende maatreel geimplementeer sou kon word, skep die leemtes hieraan verbonde 'n behoefte aan oorweging van alternatiewe moontlikhede. Daar word derhalwe aanbeveel dat bestuurstelsels herontwerp word om gelykheid in die werkpiek te bevorder.

  1. Impact of pharmacist interventions in older patients: a prospective study in a tertiary hospital in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cortejoso L

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available L Cortejoso,1 RA Dietz,2 G Hofmann,1 M Gosch,2 A Sattler1 1Department of Pharmacy, 2Department of Geriatrics, Hospital Nuremberg, Paracelsus Medical Private University Nuremberg, Nuremberg, Germany Background: Inappropriate pharmacotherapy among older adults remains a critical issue in our health care systems. Besides polypharmacy and multiple comorbidities, the age-related pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes may increase the risk of adverse drug reactions and medication errors.Objective: The main target of this study was to describe the characteristics of pharmaceutical interventions in two geriatric wards (orthogeriatric ward and geriatric day unit of a general teaching hospital and to evaluate the clinical significance of the detected medication errors.Materials and methods: The study was conducted between August 2014 and October 2015 and was based on a triple approach that included validation of medical orders, medication reconciliation at patients’ admission, and a predischarge planning appointment with the patient. The validation of medical orders was based on analyzing the suitability of the drugs prescribed, the drug dose depending on the patient’s characteristics, the presence of contraindications and interactions between drugs, and the proposal of alternative drugs included in the hospital formulary.Results: A total of 2,307 interventions associated to a medication error in 15,282 medical orders for 1,859 older patients were recorded. The greater part of the interventions carried out on the orthogeriatric ward at admission and at discharge were due to omission of a drug in the medical order (20.0% and clinically significant interactions requiring monitoring (30.4%, respectively. The main factor triggering pharmacist’s recommendations on the geriatric day unit was clinically significant interactions (21.1%. With regard to the clinical severity of the detected errors, 68.1% were considered significant, 24.8% were of minor

  2. En face enhanced-depth swept-source optical coherence tomography features of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrara, Daniela; Mohler, Kathrin J; Waheed, Nadia; Adhi, Mehreen; Liu, Jonathan J; Grulkowski, Ireneusz; Kraus, Martin F; Baumal, Caroline; Hornegger, Joachim; Fujimoto, James G; Duker, Jay S

    2014-03-01

    To characterize en face features of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroid in eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) using a high-speed, enhanced-depth swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) prototype. Consecutive patients with chronic CSCR were prospectively examined with SS-OCT. Fifteen eyes of 13 patients. Three-dimensional 6×6 mm macular cube raster scans were obtained with SS-OCT operating at 1050 nm wavelength and 100000 A-lines/sec with 6 μm axial resolution. Segmentation of the RPE generated a reference surface; en face SS-OCT images of the RPE and choroid were extracted at varying depths every 3.5 μm (1 pixel). Abnormal features were characterized by systematic analysis of multimodal fundus imaging, including color photographs, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine-green angiography (ICGA). En face SS-OCT morphology of the RPE and individual choroidal layers. En face SS-OCT imaging at the RPE level revealed absence of signal corresponding to RPE detachment or RPE loss in 15 of 15 (100%) eyes. En face SS-OCT imaging at the choriocapillaris level showed focally enlarged vessels in 8 of 15 eyes (53%). At the level of Sattler's layer, en face SS-OCT documented focal choroidal dilation in 8 of 15 eyes (53%) and diffuse choroidal dilation in 7 of 15 eyes (47%). At the level of Haller's layer, these same features were observed in 3 of 15 eyes (20%) and 12 of 15 eyes (80%), respectively. In all affected eyes, these choroidal vascular abnormalities were seen just below areas of RPE abnormalities. In 2 eyes with secondary choroidal neovascularization (CNV), distinct en face SS-OCT features corresponded to the neovascular lesions. High-speed, enhanced-depth SS-OCT at 1050 nm wavelength enables the visualization of pathologic features of the RPE and choroid in eyes with chronic CSCR not usually appreciated with standard spectral domain (SD) OCT. En face SS-OCT imaging seems to be a useful tool in

  3. Periodicity and map for discovery of new ionic liquids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Suojiang

    2006-01-01

    [1]Trohalaki,S.,Pachter,R.,Drake,G.W.,Hawkins,T.,Quantitative structure-property relationships for melting points and densities of ionic liquids,Energy & Fuels,2005,19:279-284.[2]Holbery,J.D.,Seddon,K.R.,The phase behavior of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborates,ionic liquids and ionic liquid crystals,J.Chem.Soc.Dalton Trans.,1999,13:2133-2139.[3]Katritzky,A.R.,Lomaka,A.,Petrukhin,R.et al.,QSPR correlation of the melting point for pyridinium bromides,potential ionic liquids,J.Chem.Inf.Comput.Sci.,2002,42:71-74.[4]Katritzky,A.R.,Jain,R.,Lomaka,A.et al.,Correlation of the melting points of potential ionic liquids (imidazolium bromides and benzimidazolium bromides) using the CODESSA program,J.Chem.Inf.Comput.Sci.,2002,42:225-231.[5]Eike,D.M.,Brennecke,J.F.,Maginn,E.J.,Predicting melting points of quaternary ammonium ionic liquids,Green Chemistry,2003,5:323-328.[6]Dupont,J.,Souza,R.F.,Suarez,A.Z.,Ionic liquid (molten salt) phase organometallic catalysis,J.Chem.Rev.,2002,102:3667-3692.[7]Turner,E.A.,Pye,C.C.,Singer,R.D.,Use of ab initio calculations toward the rational design of room temperature ionic liquids,J.Phys.Chem.A,2003,107(13):2277-2288.[8]Morrow,T.I.,Maginn,E.J.,Molecular dynamics study of the ionic liquid 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate,J.Phys.Chem.B,2002,106:12807-12813.[9]Cadena,C.,Antony,J.L.,Shah,J.K.et al.,Why is CO2 so soluble in imidazolium-based ionic liquids? J.Am.Chem.Soc.,2004,126(16):5300-5308.[10]Liu,Z.,Huang,S.,Wang,W.,A refined force field for molecular simulation of imidazolium-based ionic liquids,J.Phys.Chem.B,2004,108(34):12978-12989.[11]Earle,M.J,Seddon,K.R.,Ionic liquids,green solvents for the future,Pure Appl.Chem.,2000,72(7):1391-1398.[12]Mendeleev on periodicity:I and II,http://www.rod.beavon.clara.net/periodic1.htm[13]Hoffmann,R.,Building bridges between inorganic and organic chemistry,Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl.,1982,21(10):711-800.

  4. On Parametrization of the Linear GL(4,C) and Unitary SU(4) Groups in Terms of Dirac Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Red'Kov, Victor M.; Bogush, Andrei A.; Tokarevskaya, Natalia G.

    2008-02-01

    Parametrization of 4 × 4-matrices G of the complex linear group GL(4,C) in terms of four complex 4-vector parameters (k,m,n,l) is investigated. Additional restrictions separating some subgroups of GL(4,C) are given explicitly. In the given parametrization, the problem of inverting any 4 × 4 matrix G is solved. Expression for determinant of any matrix G is found: det G = F(k,m,n,l). Unitarity conditions G+ = G-1 have been formulated in the form of non-linear cubic algebraic equations including complex conjugation. Several simplest solutions of these unitarity equations have been found: three 2-parametric subgroups G1, G2, G3 - each of subgroups consists of two commuting Abelian unitary groups; 4-parametric unitary subgroup consis! ting of a product of a 3-parametric group isomorphic SU(2) and 1-parametric Abelian group. The Dirac basis of generators Λk, being of Gell-Mann type, substantially differs from the basis λi used in the literature on SU(4) group, formulas relating them are found - they permit to separate SU(3) subgroup in SU(4). Special way to list 15 Dirac generators of GL(4,C) can be used {Λk} = {μiÅνjÅ(μiVνj = KÅL ÅM )}, which permit to factorize SU(4) transformations according to S = eiaμ eibνeikKeilLeimM, where two first factors commute with each other and are isomorphic to SU(2) group, the three last ones are 3-parametric groups, each of them consisting of three Abelian commuting unitary subgroups. Besides, the structure of fifteen Dirac matrices Λk permits to separate twenty 3-parametric subgroups in SU(4) isomorphic to SU(2); those subgroups might be used as bigger elementary blocks in constructing of a general transformation SU(4). It is shown how one can specify the present approach for the pseudounitary group SU(2,2) and SU(3,1).

  5. Proceedings of the 6th international workshop on top-quark physics. TOP 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husemann, Ulrich; Mildner, Hannes; Roscher, Frank (eds.)

    2014-09-15

    The 6th International Workshop on Top-Quark Physics (TOP 2013) took place in Durbach, Germany, between September 14-19, 2013. Physicists from all over the world reported on the latest theoretical and experimental results on the physics of the top quark and discussed perspectives for the research field. While the weather in Durbach didn't always keep the promise, the scientific program certainly did: the 125 participants followed 50 plenary presentations in 15 topical sessions, complemented by a poster session in picturesque Staufenberg castle, in which 20 young scientist discussed their work over tarte flambee and and a glass of wine in front of their posters. All participants could vote for the best poster and the three best posters received prizes. In two question-and-answer sessions young physicists had the opportunity to meet world experts on top-quark physics in an informal atmosphere. The excursion brought the participants to the city of Strasbourg, France, with a boat trip on the Ill river and strolls through Strasbourg's beautiful old town. The TOP 2013 conference was co-organized by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), DESY, and the University of Hamburg. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support the conference received from the DFG, the Helmholtz Alliance ''Physics at the Terascale'', the KIT Center Elementary Particle and Astroparticle Physics and from Blue Yonder. The conference would not have been possible without many helpers. First and foremost, we would like to thank our conference secretary, Mrs. Baerbel Braeunling. We would also like to thank the technical support team for the sessions (Martin Goerner, Steffen Roecker, Frank Roscher, Eike Schlieckau, Markus Seidel, Shawn Williamson), and the staff at Hotel Vier Jahreszeiten. We also thank Britta Liebaug for the design of the poster and the web page and Kirsten Sachs for her support in publishing these proceedings. Last but not least, the German top physics

  6. Effect of testosterone on antler growth in yearling male reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Ryg

    1983-05-01

    kasvua, aiheuttaen yhdesså elåimesså sarvien kelomisen ja pudottamisen. Talle elåimelle kasvoi uudestaan sarvet, jotka se keloi normaaliin aikaan. 3. Testosteronin huipputaso veresså oli kåsittelyaikana kååntåen verrannollinen sarvien kasvunopeuteen. 4. Kåsittely ei vaikuttanut elåinten ruumiinpainoon eikå niiden ruokahaluun. 5. Voidaan pååtellå testosteronin vaikutuksien sarvien kasvuun olevan porossa laadullisesti yhtålåiset kuin muissakin hirvielåimisså. Koska vaikutuksen aikaansaamiseksi vaadittiin korkeita testosteroniannoksia, voidaan kuitenkin pitåå kyseenalaisena, onko kyseinen hormoni normaalisti vastuussa poronsarven kasvun keskeytymisestå.

  7. The short live of the climate lie; Die kurzen Beine der Klimaluege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thuss, Holger; Courtillot, Vincent; Shaviv, Nir (and others)

    2011-07-01

    A worldwide network of fear lobby claims with missionary enthusiasm: Climate change means the end of the world. But the facts are quite different. The DVDs under consideration are required by anyone who do not want to trusts blindly the statements of politicians, environmental groups and lobbyists. After all, the climate paranoia specifically benefits some stakeholders as an ideal knockout argument in order to push through more tax increases or to gain power and influence. The most renowned experts and scientists of the 'climate skeptics' met at the 3rd International Power and Climate Conference of the European Institute for Climate and Energy (EIKE) at 3rd to 4th December, 2010 in Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany) in order to keep you up to date of their unprejudiced research on the issue of the man-made global warming. Within this meeting the following lectures were held: (1) Holger Thuss: Why is climate still an issue (Holger Thuss); (2) Scientific results by consensus? (vincent Courtillot); (3) New insights into the solar impact on climate and its importance for the understanding of climate change (Nir Shaviv); (4) Threats from climate change - adaptation is the solution (Bob Carter); (5) The lobby of the renewable energy industry (Guenter Ederer); (6) Climate 'protection' as an instrument of geostrategic politics (Emmanuel Martin); (7) What is the importance of Climategate for science? (Terence Kealey); (8) Live from Cancun - video conference from the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun (Roy Spencer, Lord Christopher Monckton); (9) Climate, water, carbon dioxide and the sun (Jan Veizer); (10) Man vs. Nature - Who emits more CO{sub 2}? (Ian Plimer); (11) Climate change between models, statistics and substitute religion (Werner Kirstein); (12) Persistence in temperature series shows the impact of the sun on our climate (Horst-Joachim Luedecke); (13) Worldwide long-term data show the majority of thermometer is not heated (Friedrich

  8. On Parametrization of the Linear GL(4,C and Unitary SU(4 Groups in Terms of Dirac Matrices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia G. Tokarevskaya

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Parametrization of 4 × 4-matrices G of the complex linear group GL(4,C in terms of four complex 4-vector parameters (k,m,n,l is investigated. Additional restrictions separating some subgroups of GL(4,C are given explicitly. In the given parametrization, the problem of inverting any 4 × 4 matrix G is solved. Expression for determinant of any matrix G is found: det G = F(k,m,n,l. Unitarity conditions G+ = G-1 have been formulated in the form of non-linear cubic algebraic equations including complex conjugation. Several simplest solutions of these unitarity equations have been found: three 2-parametric subgroups G1, G2, G3 - each of subgroups consists of two commuting Abelian unitary groups; 4-parametric unitary subgroup consisting of a product of a 3-parametric group isomorphic SU(2 and 1-parametric Abelian group. The Dirac basis of generators Λk, being of Gell-Mann type, substantially differs from the basis λi used in the literature on SU(4 group, formulas relating them are found - they permit to separate SU(3 subgroup in SU(4. Special way to list 15 Dirac generators of GL(4,C can be used {Λk} = {αiÅβjÅ(αiVβj = KÅL ÅM }, which permit to factorize SU(4 transformations according to S = eiaα eibβeikKeilLeimM, where two first factors commute with each other and are isomorphic to SU(2 group, the three last ones are 3-parametric groups, each of them consisting of three Abelian commuting unitary subgroups. Besides, the structure of fifteen Dirac matrices Λk permits to separate twenty 3-parametric subgroups in SU(4 isomorphic to SU(2; those subgroups might be used as bigger elementary blocks in constructing of a general transformation SU(4. It is shown how one can specify the present approach for the pseudounitary group SU(2,2 and SU(3,1.

  9. Effects of alpha-mangostin on the expression of anti-inflammatory genes in U937 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Szu-Hsiu

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background α-Mangostin (α-MG is a main constituent of the fruit hull of the mangosteen. Previous studies have shown that α-MG has pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral effects. This study aims to investigate the anti-inflammatory molecular action of α-MG on gene expression profiles. Methods U937 and EL4 cells were treated with different concentrations of α-MG in the presence of 0.1 ng/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS for 4 h. The anti-inflammatory effects of α-MG were measured by the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α and interleukin (IL-4 in cell culture media, which were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. The gene expression profiles of all samples were analyzed with a whole human genome microarray, Illumina BeadChip WG-6 version 3, containing 48804 probes. The protein levels were determined by Western blotting analyses. Results α-MG decreased the LPS induction of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α (P = 0.038 and IL-4 (P = 0.04. α-MG decreased the gene expressions in oncostatin M signaling via mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK pathways, including extracellular signal-regulated kinases (P = 0.016, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (P = 0.01 , and p38 (P = 0.008. α-MG treatment of U937 cells reduced the phosphorylation of MAPK kinase 3 / MAPK kinase 6 (P = 0.0441, MAPK-activated protein kinase-2 (P = 0.0453, signal transducers and activators of transcription-1 (STAT1 (P = 0.0012, c-Fos (P = 0.04, c-Jun (P = 0.019 and Ets-like molecule 1 (Elk-1 (P = 0.038. Conclusion This study demonstrates that α-MG attenuates LPS-mediated activation of MAPK, STAT1, c-Fos, c-Jun and EIK-1, inhibiting TNF-α and IL-4 production in U937 cells.

  10. 13. Expert congress on future power supply. Proceedings; 13. Fachkongress Zukunftsenergien. Kongressbeitraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Westfalia and innovative project approach using the biomass park Zeche Hugo as an example (R. Krumm); (23) Requirements, objectives from the practice according to the storage of electric power (J.-W. Biermann); (24) State of the art and future of lithium ion batteries as a stationary and mobile energy storage (G. Hoerpel); (25) Requirements, objectives from the practice according to hydrogen storage (B. Horbein); (26) Review on research and development activities in North Rhine Westfalia (M. Krupp); (27) Requirements, objectives from the practice according to thermal storage (C. Sattler); (28) Configuration of the research wind power in Germany - Results of a BMU study from 2008 (N. Allnoch); (29) Competency Centre wind power technology (V. Kaci); (30) Significance of test fields in the wind power (M. Kraemer); (31) Demand on research and testing from industrial view (A. Klein Hitpass); (32) Research projects in plant construction and machine construction: Gears (W. Predki); (33) Research projects in plant construction and machine construction: Simulation of dynamic loads of the powertrain of WEA (G. Jacobs).

  11. Analysis of the dominant vibration frequencies of rail bridges for structure-borne noise using a power flow method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Q.; Wu, D. J.

    2013-09-01

    The use of concrete bridges in urban rail transit systems has raised many concerns regarding low-frequency (20-200 Hz) structure-borne noise due to the vibration of bridges when subjected to moving trains. Understanding the mechanism that determines the dominant frequencies of bridge vibrations is essential for both vibration and noise reduction. This paper presents a general procedure based on the force method to obtain the power flows within a coupled vehicle-track-bridge system, the point mobility of the system and the dynamic interaction forces connecting various components. The general coupling system consists of multi-rigid-bodies for the vehicles, infinite Euler beams representing the rails, two-dimensional or three-dimensional elements of the concrete bridges, and spring-dashpot pairs to model the wheel-rail contacts, the vehicle suspensions, the rail pads and the bridge bearings. The dynamic interaction of the coupled system is solved in the frequency domain by assuming the combined wheel-rail roughness moves forward relative to the stationary vehicles. The proposed procedure is first applied to a rail on discrete supports and then to a real urban rail transit U-shaped concrete bridge. The computed results show that the wheel-rail contact forces, the power flows to the rail/bridge subsystem and the accelerations of the bridge are primarily dominated by the contents around the natural frequency of a single wheel adhered to the elastically supported rail. If the ath node of the mth spring-dashpot pair and the bth node of the nth spring-dashpot pair are connected to the same rigid body, then δmnab(ω) can be expressed as δmnab(ω)=-{(}/{Mlω}, where Ml is the mass of the lth rigid body. If the ath node of the mth spring-dashpot pair and the bth node of the nth spring-dashpot pair are connected to the same infinite rail, δmnab(ω) can be expressed as [8] δmnab(ω)=-j{((e-je)}/{4EIk}, where xm and xn are the x-coordinates of the mth and nth spring

  12. Hay as the feed for reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liisa Syrjälä-Qvist

    1985-05-01

    rav var höets andel motsvarande 10, 9 og 8 g/kg levande vikt. De olika foderkomponenternas smäkbarhet i fodergivan var god eller i de olika dieterna 66 — 78%. I de olika djurens dieter forekom inte heller märkbara skillnader. N-balansen var negativ i alla dieter.Heina porojen rehuna.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Eri määriä heinää ja väkirehua sisältävän rehuannoksen maittavuutta ja sulavuutta sekä typpitasetta selvitettiin neljällä täysikasvuisella urosporolla 3x3 latinalaisen maliin mukaan järjestetyssä kokeessa. Poroista kolme oli kokeen aikana sisällä sulavuuskoehäkeissa ja uksi poro ulkona tarhassa. Heinä oli timoteitä ja väkirehu ohraa ja teollista täysrehua. Heinän osuudeksi rehuannoksen kuiva-aineesta laskettuna suunniteltiin eri dieeteille 80, 65 ja 50%. Porot eivät kuitenkaan syöneet tarjottua heinämäärää, joten heinän osuudeksi jäi 75, 62 ja 49%. Väkirehuannoksensa porot söivät kokonaan. Kuiva-aineen päivittäiset kokonaissyöntimäärät lisääntyivät väkirehun osuuden lisääntyessä ollen eri dieeteillä 14, 15 ja 16 g/elopeinokilo, mistä määristä heinää oli vestaavasti 10, 9 ja 8 g/elopainokilo. Rehuannoksen eri komponenttien sulavuudet olivat hyvät, eri dieeteillä 66 — 78% eikä eläinten ja dieettien välillä ollut merkitseviä eroja. Typpitase oli negatiivinen kaikilla dieeteillä.

  13. Effects of improved nutrition in pregnant reindeer on milk quality, calf birth weight, growth, and mortality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne Rognmo

    1983-05-01

    ruumiinpaino n.57 kg, ja vanhojen vaatimien n.69 kg, molemmissa ravintoryhmisså. Vasomisen aikana oli nuorten vaatimien ruumiinpaino 55,9 ± 4,5 kg (L-ryhmå, ja 68,1 ± 2,5 kg (IN-ryhmå, kun taas vanhojen vaatimien ruumiinpaino oli 70,0 ± 6,9 kg (L-ryhmå ja 81,6 ± 6,8 kg (IN-ryhmå. Vasojen syntymåpaino IN-nuorten vaatimien ryhmåsså oli 4,5 ± 0,7 kg, ja 3,7 ± 0,5 kg L-nuorten vaatimien ryhmåsså. Vastaavat syntymåpainot vanhojen vaatimien vasoilla olivat 5,7 ± 0,8 kg (IN-ryhmå ja 4,4 ± 0,6 kg (L-ryhmå. Syntymåpainot olivat vastaavuussuhteessa vaatimien ruumiinpainoon våhåå ennen vasomista. IN-vanhojen vaatimien vasojen kasvu ensimmåisten kolmen viikon aikana syntymån jålkeen oli merkittåvåsti korkeampi, verrattuna niiden kolmen muun ryhmån vasankasvuun, jotka eivåt olleet keskenåån merkittåvån erilaisia. Vasojen ruumiinpainossa ryhmien kesken ei ollut mitåån merkittåviå eroavaisuuksia syyskuun puolivålisså. Nåiden kahden ravintoryhmån vaatimien maidossa ei ollut mitåån merkittåviå eroja kokonaisuudessa ravinnon sisåltoon eikå kemialliseen kokoonpanoon nåhden. Vasojen kokonaiskuolleisuus L-ryhmåsså oli 28% ja IN-ryhmåsså 7% kolmena ensimmåisenå viikkona syntymån jålkeen. Kaksi vanhaa vaadinta IN-ryhmåsså ei ollut vasonut tutkimuksen lopussa.

  14. Reindeer husbandry and forestry in the reindeer herding district of Poikajärvi during the years 1963 — 1984

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Kupiainen

    2010-06-01

    1984.Abstract in Swedish / Sammandrag: Renskötsel och skogsbruk utövas i Finland ungefär på samma områden och man har inte kunnat undvika konflikter mellan dessa näringsgrenar. Omfattande kalhyggen och plöjningar har minskat, speciellt renarnas vinterbiotoper. Under vintern gräver renen efter lavar (mest Cladina spp. under snötäcket och när skare bildas börjar den beta hänglavar (Alectoria och Bryoria spp.. Lavmarkerna är mycket slitna och de bästa hänglavsskogarna är avverkade. Poikajärvi renbeteslags (66°30' — 67°10'N areal är 2507 km2, varav 1474,5 km2 (59% är statsägd mark. Under åren 1963 — 1984 har den genomsnittliga rentätheten innräknade renar varit 1,5 ren/km2. Under de senaste 20 åren har 9,8% av den statsägda marken inom renbeteslaget slutavverkats, huvudsakligen kalhuggits, och 19,6% av densamma har behandlats med beståndsvårdande huggningar. Markberedning, huvudsakligen genom plöjning, har utforts på 8,7% av arealen. Av de friska moarna har ungefär 24% blivit kalhuggna och plöjda. Avverkningskvantiteten inom de statsägda skogarna har hela tiden ökat och 1984 va den ungefär 140 600 km3. Sedan 1963 har totalantalet inräknade renar sjunkit med i genomsnitt 60 renar per år. Det har varierat mellan 4939 och 2666 djur. Under åren 1963 — 84 slaktades i genomsnitt 1425 renar pr år. Kalvandelen därav har ökat och de senaste åren har den varit nästan 80%. Den genomsnittliga köttproduktionen har varit 36 400 kg per år. Stödutfodring av renar har tillämpats i Poikajärvi sedan 1969. Den använda hömängden har vuxit från ungefär 5,5 kg till nästan 20 kg per inräknad ren och år. Samtidigt har såvål renantal, slaktdjursantal och köttproduktion siunkit.Porotalous ja metsätalous Poikajärven paliskunnassa vuosina 1963 — 1984.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Poro- ja metsätaloutta harjoitctaan Suomcssa paljolti samoilla alucilla eikä ristiriitoja näiden elinkeinojen harjoittajien välillä ole voitu v

  15. Youngest Brown Dwarf Yet in a Multiple Stellar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-01

    that direct detection and subsequent, effective spectroscopic verification of extra-solar planets is now quite feasible with a ground-based facility like the VLT. It is thus not a very daring prediction that the ongoing searches may soon lead to the first direct images of an extra-solar planet. These are indeed exciting times! More information The work described in this Press Release is discussed by the team in a research article that has been accepted for publication in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Another paper ( "Direct imaging search for planetary companions next to young nearby stars" ) is also available with more details about the current searches, including the spectrum of the background star at TWA-7. The Principal Investigator for this project may be contacted at: Ralph Neuhaeuser Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik D-85748 Garching Germany Phone +49-89-32993398 email: rne@mpe.mpg.de Notes [1]: The team consists of Ralph Neuhaeuser (Principal Investigator) and Nuria Huelamo (both Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany), Eike Guenther (Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany), Monika Petr (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany), Wolfgang Brandner (Institute for Astronomy, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA) and João Alves (ESO, Garching, Germany). [2]: The hitherto sharpest image (0.25 arcsec) was obtained in March 1999, cf. ESO PR 06/99. It was obtained during a period of exceptionally good "seeing" (low level of atmospheric turbulence). The installation of adaptive optics at the VLT, foreseen in 2001, will provide a means to overcome the image smearing effect of air turbulence and hence, consistently obtain stellar images of a few hundredths of an arcsecond diameter, near the theoretical limit for an 8.2-m telescope (the telescope diffraction limit ). [3]: 1 solar mass = 2 x 10 30 kg. 1 Jupiter mass = 2 x 10 27 kg ~ 0.001 solar mass. Thus, the "BD-limit" of 0.08 solar masses corresponds to