WorldWideScience

Sample records for junior level students

  1. Mean hemoglobin levels in venous blood samples and prevalence of anemia in Japanese elementary and junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Toru; Itoh, Yasuhiko; Maeda, Miho; Igarashi, Tsutomu; Fukunaga, Yoshitaka

    2012-01-01

    Screening for anemia has been performed in schools in Japan for over 30 years. The long-term effect of the nuclear power plant disaster on the prevalence of anemia in school age children is unknown. This research was performed to evaluate the prevalence of anemia in school age children and to determine grade-level and gender-related reference hemoglobin (Hb) levels prior to the nuclear disaster. Data for this research were obtained from results of screening for anemia obtained by venous blood sampling in schools in 2002. Mean Hb levels were calculated for each grade level (elementary school grades 1-6 and junior high school years 1-3) and according to gender, and the prevalence of anemia was determined. In our research, Tokyo Health Service Association guidelines were used to determine reference Hb levels for anemia. We demonstrated that Hb levels in boys increased with age during childhood and adolescence (from 13.1 ± 0.7 g/dL in 7 year olds to 14.9 ± 1.1 g/dL in 15 year olds); in girls, Hb levels peaked at menarche (13.7 ± 0.8 g/dL in 12 year olds), decreasing slightly thereafter (13.4 ± 1.1 g/dL in 15 year olds). The prevalence of anemia was 0.26% in elementary school boys, 0.27% in elementary school girls, and 1.21% in junior high school boys. The prevalence of anemia in second- and third-year junior high school girls was lower than that in first-year junior high school girls. Among all junior high school girls, 5.73% had mild anemia. Iron-deficiency anemia is the commonest type of anemia in high school girls, secondary to the relative lack of iron due to menstruation, the growth spurt and exercise. Appropriate dietary therapy and treatment of anemia, together with education about the dietary prevention of anemia, are important to reduce the prevalence of anemia in high school students. When complete blood counts are performed in regions thought to be affected by the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster, our report can serve as a reference during

  2. Preparing Students for Geologic Research with a Junior-level Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macdonald, R.; Bailey, C. M.; Hancock, G. S.; Johnson, G. H.; Owens, B. E.

    2001-12-01

    A required research project for all seniors is a cornerstone of the undergraduate geology program at the College of William and Mary. To help prepare students for this experience, junior geology majors take a required one-credit course, Introduction to Geologic Research. The main goals of the course are to help students define their individual research project and to develop basic research and presentation skills. Specific objectives are to introduce the process of geologic research and to have students discuss and defend geologic research with peers and faculty and give formal oral and written presentations of the research proposal. The major products of the course include a research bibliography, a 10-15 page proposal and an oral presentation and defense of the proposed research. The course is team-designed and -taught, with the five faculty members coming to a consensus about course content and assignments. All students undertake the same set of activities allowing all faculty and students to know and contribute to all proposed research. Individual class sessions include brief faculty research presentations and approaches to research problems, along with basic skills such as evaluation of research proposals, effective searching and analysis of primary literature, compelling graphics, informal research proposal defense and responding to questions raised, effective writing, effective oral presentations, and a final oral presentation and defense of the proposed research. We emphasize classroom activities with lectures kept to a minimum. For example, to learn to develop effective graphics, students evaluate figures taken from past senior theses and the published literature, individually plot given data, and then compare the resulting graphs. A discussion of the choices involved in creating figures along with suggestions by faculty completes the assignment. Assignments about specific skills (e.g., literature searching) are coupled with assignments that build toward

  3. The level of development of hyponymy in the language of junior elementary-school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazarević Emilija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The ability to establish lexical relations of hyponymy is one of the most relevant indicators of lexical-semantic development, i.e. language development in general. Bearing this in mind, the aim of our research was to examine to what extent hyponymy is developed in the language of junior elementary-school age students. The research was conducted in three elementary schools in Belgrade during 2013/14 academic year. The sample was adequate and comprised 431 second and third grade students. The subtest Hyponymy of the Lexical-Semantic Test was used in the research (author: Z. Kasić. The results showed that the mentioned relation of meaning was, to the greatest extent, established in the area of hyponymic polisemy, then in the use of conkrete nouns, and then in the use of abstract nouns. The findings indicate the relation between acquisition of hyponymy and academic attainment, while gender differences were not found. The results lead to the conclusion that various lexical excercises should be practiced at early school age continously and intensively, bearing in mind that lexical-semantic development, cognitive development and (unsuccesful mastering of curricular contents are linked interdependently.

  4. Junior High Career Planning: What Students Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2004-01-01

    This research used "The Comprehensive Career Needs Survey" to assess the career counselling needs of 3,562 junior high students in Southern Alberta. This article examines junior high students' responses regarding their perceptions of (a) the relevance of career planning, (b) who they would approach for help with career planning, and (c)…

  5. DEVELOPING STUDENTS' READING ABILITIES IN JUNIOR SCHOOL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duan Bixi

    2001-01-01

    In This Article, the writer focus on an over- all analysis of the present situation of the students' reading activities in junior middle school in the countryside and put forward some suggestions on improving the teaching arts to enhance the students' fast reading abilities . It provided some theoretical basis on the further improcement of students' reading abilities in the school

  6. About English Listening Teaching of Junior College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童心; 李雪

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1、The listening current situation by junior college students Listening is a significant and essential area of development in the native language and in a second language.But nowadays, most of junior college students listening level are very poor.They lack a sense of the importance of learning English and lack confidence to study English well.Class time is limited, and sometimes students listen without a clear aim, therefore, we attain low effect.Teachers always ignore explaining listening skills and fostering general ana- lyzing ability, so in the course of time, it is harm to cultivate stu- dents' communicative capacity.

  7. Multiple Intelligences Profiles of Junior Secondary School Students in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmiyati, Nuri; Rasyid, Muhammad Amin; Rahman, M. Asfah; Arsyad, Azhar; Dirawan, Gufran Darma

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the Multiple Intelligences profiles of the students at junior secondary school in Makassar. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory was used to identify the dominant intelligence among the students. The sample of this research was 302 junior secondary schools students in Makassar Indonesia who willing to participated…

  8. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fijri Auliyanti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Sleep disorders are prevalent in adolescents and may influence their academic achievement. To date, no study has been done in Indonesia on academic achievement in students with sleep disorders and its related factors. Objective To assess for relationships between academic achievement and related factors, including gender, motivation and learning strategies, IQ level, maternal educational level, socioeconomic status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school students with sleep disorders. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from January to March 2013. Subjects were students from five junior high schools in Jakarta who fulfilled the criteria for sleep disorders based on the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children questionnaire. Results There were 111 study subjects. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 39.7%, mostly in difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (70.2%. Below-average academic achievement was seen in 47.6% of subjects. Factors significantly related to below-average academic achievement were after-hours education program (prevalence ratio 5.6; 95%CI 1.36 to 23.18; P = 0.017, average IQ level (prevalence ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.38 to 7.71; P = 0.007, and male gender (prevalence ratio 2.68; 95%CI 1.06 to 6.78; P = 0.037. Conclusion Among junior high school students with sleep disorders, factors related to below-average academic achievement are after-hours education program (more than 2 types, the average IQ level, and male gender. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:50-8.].

  9. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fijri Auliyanti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Sleep disorders are prevalent in adolescents and may influence their academic achievement. To date, no study has been done in Indonesia on academic achievement in students with sleep disorders and its related factors. Objective To assess for relationships between academic achievement and related factors, including gender, motivation and learning strategies, IQ level, maternal educational level, socioeconomic status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school students with sleep disorders. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from January to March 2013. Subjects were students from five junior high schools in Jakarta who fulfilled the criteria for sleep disorders based on the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children questionnaire. Results There were 111 study subjects. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 39.7%, mostly in difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (70.2%. Below-average academic achievement was seen in 47.6% of subjects. Factors significantly related to below-average academic achievement were after-hours education program (prevalence ratio 5.6; 95%CI 1.36 to 23.18; P = 0.017, average IQ level (prevalence ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.38 to 7.71; P = 0.007, and male gender (prevalence ratio 2.68; 95%CI 1.06 to 6.78; P = 0.037. Conclusion Among junior high school students with sleep disorders, factors related to below-average academic achievement are afterhours education program (more than 2 types, the average IQ level, and male gender.

  10. Obesity prevention for junior high school students: An intervention programme

    OpenAIRE

    Topalidou,Anastasia; Dafopoulou, GM

    2013-01-01

    Background: Generally, schools are an important setting to provide programmes for obesity prevention for children because the vast majority of children attend school. This study investigates how an intervention programme in the school subject of Physical Education can help reduce obesity for junior high school students in combination with information on dietary and health matters in school and family. Materials and Methods: A quantitative study for junior high school students (N = 250) and a ...

  11. Spiritual beliefs among Chinese junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Lili; Jin Shenghua

    2006-01-01

    Objective:To explore the characteristics of the spiritual beliefs among junior high school students.Method:431 junior high school students are measured by Students' Basic Information Questionnaire (SBIQ) and Middle School Students'Spiritual Beliefs Questionnaire (MSSSBQ).Results:(1) The overall characteristics of the spiritual beliefs among junior high school students are as follows:social beliefs rank first,practical faith second,and supernatural beliefs last.The ranks of the seven beliefs from high to low are nationalism,political conviction,family's doctrine,life worship,religious beliefs,money/material and gods worship.(2) Boy students have higher political conviction and money/material faith than girl students.Girt students have higher religious beliefs than boy students.(3) On the beliefs of money/material and life worship,students in Grade 9 take the first place,Grade 8 second and Grade 7 last.(4) Non-student cadres have stronger money/material faith than cadres.(5) League members have higher political beliefs than non-members.(6)Students who are good at studies have stronger national faith than students who are average or poor at studies.Students who are poor at studies have stronger money/material faith than other students.Conclusion:The spiritual beliefs of junior high school students' are positive.

  12. A Study of Junior Students'Cross- Culture Obstacles in English Reading Comprehension%A Study of Junior Students' Cross-Culture Obstacles in English Reading Comprehension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱雅琴

    2015-01-01

    This paper will research Junior students' cross-cultural obstacles in English reading from the perspective of culture background,Eliminating Junior students'cross-cultural barriers can improve intercultural communication competent.

  13. Colorado Upper-Division Electrostatics Diagnostic: A Conceptual Assessment for the Junior Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chasteen, Stephanie V.; Pepper, Rachel E.; Caballero, Marcos D.; Pollock, Steven J.; Perkins, Katherine K.

    2012-01-01

    As part of an effort to systematically improve our junior-level E&M I course, we have developed a tool to assess student conceptual learning of electrostatics at the upper division. Together with a group of physics faculty, we established a list of learning goals for the course that, with results from student observations and interviews,…

  14. Junior Secondary School Students' Conceptions about Plate Tectonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Reece; Tomas, Louisa; Lewthwaite, Brian

    2017-01-01

    There are ongoing calls for research that identifies students' conceptions about geographical phenomena. In response, this study investigates junior secondary school students' (N = 95) conceptions about plate tectonics. Student response data was generated from semi-structured interviews-about-instances and a two-tiered multiple-choice test…

  15. Social Skills and the Junior High School Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Helle; LaBahn, Joyce; Regan, Kathleen

    This paper describes a program initiated by teacher-researchers to increase the use and knowledge of appropriate social skills with junior high school students while working in academic cooperative groups. The target groups comprised sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students in a predominantly middle class community in the Midwest. The students'…

  16. Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Devi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia. Methods: A cross sectional study with non-probability sampling method, was conducted in a junior high school Jatinangor during the month of July 2013. Ninety six participants were included in this study. All the participants underwent an interview about the food intake for breakfast in seven days using eating pattern recall guidelines. Results: Overall, 37% of the respondents skipped breakfast. The mean of total calories among the adolescents who consumed breakfast was 286.06 (187.89 kcal. The amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein consumed was 29.23 (19.93 gram, 13.93 (13.29 gram and 8.78 (6.11 gram accordingly. The main reason for adolescent to skip breakfast was lack of time. Conclusions: Majority of the respondents have their breakfast before they go to school. Overall, the total calories comsumed is sufficient however the amount of protein consumed is low.

  17. Internet Literacy in Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noneng Sumiaty

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Internet literacy can be used to acknowledge the world's growth in many sectors as quickly and accurately , as well as in education. The focus of this research is what level of internet literacy in students of SMPN 8 Purwakarta? This purposes of this research is to obtain information about the level of internet literacy in students of SMPN 8 Purwakarta. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The study population was all students in grade 8, while the sample was two students taken from each classes. There are 7 classes of grade 8 . So the overall sample was 14 informants . The theory used is adopted from Ciolek, Matthew (2003 on the understanding of internet  which consists of: basic skills , moderate skill, and advanced skills. The results showed that only a few informants have extensive knowledge of the overall level of mastering the internet. Most of the students of SMP 8 only master and understand the basic rate only. Students of SMP 8 are expected to master and understand all levels of understanding of the Internet gradually.

  18. Mentoring Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Mathematics Research Students: Junior Faculty Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gevertz, Jana L.; Kim, Peter S.; Wares, Joanna R.

    2017-01-01

    To be successful, junior faculty must properly manage their time in the face of expanding responsibilities. One such responsibility is supervising undergraduate research projects. Student research projects (either single or multi-student) can be undertaken as a full-time summer experience, or as a part-time academic year commitment. With many…

  19. A study on coping patterns of junior college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya N

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to examine the coping patterns followed by the junior college students. Further, an extensive effort was done to study the gender differences in coping patterns used by the students. This study was conducted in Christ College, Bangalore and on the first and second-year students of pre-university studying in either of the branches (Bachelor of Arts, Science, or Commerce. A total of 120 samples were collected from study population of junior college students using the random sampling method. The sample comprised, 40 students from each group of Arts, Science, and Commerce, including both of the sexes. The tools such as, socio-demographic data sheet and coping checklist, were used. The study findings revealed that majority of the students adopted emotion- and problem-focused coping strategies. Most of the female students adopted emotion-focused coping strategies, whereas the male students mostly used problem-focused coping strategies.

  20. Evaluation of junior courses students’ level of mobilization of functional backlogs at the dosed physical activities at the pedagogical university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bosenco A.I.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available A study of the functional capacity of the organism lower division students. The study involved 85 students of 1-2 courses, 14 of which were engaged and were part of the team of the University of volleyball. As a student of muscular work performed pedaling on bicycle. The energy level was determined by performing metered loads with changing facilities for closed cycle. The data characterizing the physiological "cost" of adaptation, the level of stress the body of students in different phases of muscular work. Developed and presented model characteristics of the energy level of the body of girls. Reviewed degree of mobilization of functional reserves under load for closed loop five-point scale. Defined physical condition of students during the first year. The recommendations of the evaluation and prediction of the actual state of the physical health of students and improve physical education in high school.

  1. Students' Critical Mathematical Thinking Skills and Character: Experiments for Junior High School Students through Realistic Mathematics Education Culture-Based

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palinussa, Anderson L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a quasi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design and control group that aims to assess students' critical mathematical thinking skills and character through realistic mathematics education (RME) culture-based. Subjects of this study were 106 junior high school students from two low and medium schools level in…

  2. Perceived Sources of Stress among Junior & Mid-Senior Egyptian Dental Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedky, Nabila A

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the sources of stress among dental students enrolled at Pharos University in Alexandria (PUA) - Egypt, and to explore the role of gender, level of undergraduate study and residence with parents on perceived stressors. A thirty-item self-reported modified version of the Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire was administered to 537 junior and mid-senior undergraduate dental students during the academic fall semester 2010, with a response rate of 79.89%. Workload, performance pressure, and self-efficacy beliefs constituted the most stress-provoking factors. Female students experienced greater stress than males for all stressor items except for "Self-Efficacy Beliefs" and "Faculty & Administration" with no statistically significant difference by gender. Mid-senior dental students registered higher levels of perceived stress for "Workload", "Self-Efficacy Beliefs", and "Personal Factors" stressors in comparison to their junior peers. Those students who lived away of their parents were at higher risk of perceived stress than those students who lived with their parents. "Uncertainty about future dental career" was the first best predictor variable by gender. Whereas, "Difficulty of classwork" was the first predictor variable by both level of undergraduate study and residence with parents. Female dental students had higher mean overall problem scores compared to their male counterparts, mid-senior students showed some higher perceived problems compared to junior students, and students who lived away from their parents revealed higher levels of perceived stress.

  3. Student Characteristics and Change at Napa Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMillan, Thomas F.

    At Napa Junior College (California), to test the relationship between college attendance and personality change, 100 volunteers were measured in their first year by the STEP Reading Exam and the ACE Psychological Exam. California Psychological Inventory (CPI) showed a significant range in personality traits from high to low ability students. The…

  4. A Manual for Teaching English to Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓燕; 郭鸿雁

    2012-01-01

    With the globalization of world economy, English learning becomes popular in every corner of every country. But there are many problems and difficulties in English teaching and learning, especially for the beginners. Therefore, the author of this paper designed this manual foe teaching her future students in junior middle school.

  5. Teacher Overinvolvement and Student Depression among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fen Fen Huang

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines depression in students at public high schools in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to examine which student-level and teacher-level variables affect student depression due to teacher emotional overinvolvement and other factors. A survey instrument adapted and translated from existing surveys was distributed to 1,479 Taiwanese adolescents aged 13—15 years and 172 teachers from 10 public junior high schools in the city of Taipei. The hierarchical linear model (HLM was used for a cross-level analysis of the data. The HLM shows that student-level measures account for most of the variance. Teacher emotional overinvolvement and core self-evaluations are the preponderant influences on student ratings. In terms of teacher-level variables, the effects of teacher involvement, teacher depression, and teacher educational background on student-level variables are strong and significant. The findings of this study recommend the development of a comprehensive counseling system for teachers and students.

  6. The Inequality of Self-Efficacy between Junior College and Traditional University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, R. C.

    2016-01-01

    Higher education research highlights the difficulties students face when transitioning from a junior college to a traditional university. This study explored a gap between junior vs. traditional university students' academic self-efficacy beliefs. This study also controlled for the effects of the student role-identity and academic performance on…

  7. Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Sheila Devi; Aly Diana; Setiawan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia. Methods: A cross sectional st...

  8. Predictive Power of School Based Assessment Scores on Students' Achievement in Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE) in English and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opara, Ijeoma M.; Onyekuru, Bruno U.; Njoku, Joyce U.

    2015-01-01

    The study investigated the predictive power of school based assessment scores on students' achievement in Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE) in English and Mathematics. Two hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance guided the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. A sample of 250 students were randomly drawn…

  9. Refractive Errors in State Junior High School Students in Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabila Tasyakur Nikmah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Uncorrected refractive error is one of the avoidable causes of vision impairment in children and adults. Vision problem in children has been shown to affect their psychological and academic performance. This study aims at identifying and gaining more insights on the characteristic of the refractive errors in state junior high school students in Bandung to avoid uncorrected refractive errors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in September–November 2015 in state junior high schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Sample was selected using multistage random sampling technique. Children were examined using tumbling E examination; then students with visual acuity worse than 6/12 underwent Snellen Chart test, refractometry without pupil dilatation, correction with trial lens, then was followed by direct ophthalmoscopy. Results: From a total of 435 children who completed all the examination, 80 children (18.39% had refractive errors; consisted of 151 eyes (94.38% with myopia and 9 eyes (5.62% with astigmatism. Refractive errors were found to be more common in female children (73.7% than male children (26.3%. Among those with refractive errors, 45 children (56.3% did not use any corrective glasses before the examination. Conclusions: Routine refractive error test in vision screening examination is needed for students. It is equally important to raise more awareness toward eye disease in community.

  10. Factors Affecting Junior High School Students' Interest in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumper, Ricardo

    2006-03-01

    We report the results of a study on students' interest in physics at the end of their compulsory schooling in Israel carried out in the framework of the ROSE Project. Factors studied were their opinions about science classes, their out-of-school experiences in physics, and their attitudes toward science and technology. Students' overall interest in physics was "neutral" (neither positive nor negative), with boys showing a higher interest than girls. We found a strong correlation between students' "neutral" interest in physics and their negative opinions about science classes. These findings raise serious questions about the implementation of changes made in the Israeli science curriculum in primary and junior high school, especially if the goal is to prepare the young generation for life in a scientific-technological era. A more in-depth analysis of the results led us to formulate curricular, behavioral, and organizational changes needed to reach this goal.

  11. [Reading ability of junior high school students in relation to self-evaluation and depression].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Toshiya; Hayashi, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    Guidelines for the diagnosis of reading disorders in elementary school students were published recently in Japan. On the basis of these guidelines, we administrated reading test batteries to 43 Japanese junior high-school students from grade two. The reading test consisted of single sounds, single words, and single sentences. We evaluated the reading speed and the number of reading errors made by the test takers; their performance was compared with the normal value for elementary school students in grade six, as stated in the guidelines. The reading ability of the junior high-school students was not higher than that of the elementary school students. Seven students (16.3%) were found to have reading difficulties (RD group) and they met the criterion for diagnosis of reading disorder as per the guidelines. Three students had difficulties in reading single sounds and single words, but they faced no problems when reading single sentences. It was supposed that the strategies used by the students for reading sentences may have differed from those used for reading single sounds or single words. No significant differences were found between the RD and non-RD group students on scores of scholastic self-evaluation, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms. Therefore, reading difficulty did not directly influence the level of self-evaluation or depression.

  12. Status of Teaching Pre-Vocational Subjects in the Junior Secondary School Level (Agricultural Science and Home Economics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndem, J. U.; Akubue, B. N.

    2016-01-01

    This work assessed the status of teaching pre-vocational subjects in junior secondary school level. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The population of the study was 2,916, while the sample for the study was 215 pre-vocational teachers and agricultural science and home economics students. The study was carried out in Afikpo Education…

  13. Junior High School Students' Career Plans for the Future: A Canadian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2006-01-01

    This study uses the Comprehensive Career Needs Survey to assess the career plans of junior high school students in Southern Alberta, Canada. Junior high students are asked (a) what they plan to do after they leave high school; (b) their confidence in finding an occupation they enjoy, obtaining training or education, and finding work in their…

  14. Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ping-Ling; Huang, Weigang; Chuang, Yi-Li; Warren, Charles W.; Jones, Nathan R.; Asma, Samira

    2008-01-01

    Background: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of death in the world. This article describes and compares tobacco use prevalence for students attending junior high schools and senior high schools in Taiwan. Methods: This report uses data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) completed among 4689 junior high school students and 4426…

  15. Card Games and Algebra Tic Tacmatics on Achievement of Junior Secondary II Students in Algebraic Expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okpube, Nnaemeka Michael; Anugwo, M. N.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the Card Games and Algebra tic-Tacmatics on Junior Secondary II Students' Achievement in Algebraic Expressions. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the pre-test, post-test control group design. A total of two hundred and forty (240) Junior Secondary School II students were…

  16. The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Junior High School Students during Small Group Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, Robyn M.

    2004-01-01

    The study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on junior high school students who worked in structured or unstructured cooperative groups. Two hundred and twenty-three junior high school students participated in the study and worked in three or four-person, mixed gender and achievement groups. The results show that the children in the…

  17. Analysis of junior high school students' difficulty in resolving rectangular conceptual problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utami, Aliksia Kristiana Dwi; Mardiyana, Pramudya, Ikrar

    2017-08-01

    Geometry is one part of the mathematics that must be learned in school and it has important effects on the development of creative thinking skills of learners, but in fact, there are some difficulties experienced by the students. This research focuses on analysis difficulty in resolving rectangular conceptual problems among junior high school students in every creative thinking skills level. This research used a descriptive method aimed to identify the difficulties and cause of the difficulties experienced by five students. The difficulties are associated with rectangular shapes and related problems. Data collection was done based on students' work through test, interview, and observations. The result revealed that student' difficulties in understanding the rectangular concept can be found at every creative thinking skills level. The difficulties are identifying the objects rectangular in the daily life except for a rectangle and square, analyzing the properties of rectangular shapes, and seeing the interrelationships between figures.

  18. The Effects of Contingent Praise Upon the Achievement of a Deficit Junior High School Student in Oral Reading Accuracy in Probes Above Her Functional Grade Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proe, Susan; Wade, David

    Evaluated was the effectiveness of three training procedures (imitation training, imitation training with praise, and imitation training with points for an art supply contingency) in improving the oral reading accuracy and reading comprehension of a 13-year-old girl whose functional reading was at the second grade level. The procedures were…

  19. Will Aesthetics English Comic Books Make Junior High School Students Fall in Love with English Reading?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Mei-Ju; Hsu, Yung-Hung; Chen, Ching-Chi

    2015-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate the effects of Aesthetics English comic books on EFL junior high school students' vocabulary acquisition, reading comprehension, and English learning motivation. The participants in this study were 28 eighth graders from one class in a public junior high school in Pingtung in Taiwan. After ten weeks…

  20. Effects of Music on Physical Activity Rates of Junior High School Physical Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Lindsey; Barney, David C.; Prusak, Keven A.; Pennington, Todd

    2016-01-01

    Music is an everyday occurrence in a person's life. Music is heard in the workplace, in homes, and in the mall. Music can also be heard as a person exercises. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music on junior high students (n = 305) step counts and time in activity in junior high school physical education classes.…

  1. Smartphone and medical related App use among medical students and junior doctors in the United Kingdom (UK: a regional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Payne Karl Frederick

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Smartphone usage has spread to many settings including that of healthcare with numerous potential and realised benefits. The ability to download custom-built software applications (apps has created a new wealth of clinical resources available to healthcare staff, providing evidence-based decisional tools to reduce medical errors. Previous literature has examined how smartphones can be utilised by both medical student and doctor populations, to enhance educational and workplace activities, with the potential to improve overall patient care. However, this literature has not examined smartphone acceptance and patterns of medical app usage within the student and junior doctor populations. Methods An online survey of medical student and foundation level junior doctor cohorts was undertaken within one United Kingdom healthcare region. Participants were asked whether they owned a Smartphone and if they used apps on their Smartphones to support their education and practice activities. Frequency of use and type of app used was also investigated. Open response questions explored participants’ views on apps that were desired or recommended and the characteristics of apps that were useful. Results 257 medical students and 131 junior doctors responded, equating to a response rate of 15.0% and 21.8% respectively. 79.0% (n=203/257 of medical students and 74.8% (n=98/131 of junior doctors owned a smartphone, with 56.6% (n=115/203 of students and 68.4% (n=67/98 of doctors owning an iPhone. The majority of students and doctors owned 1–5 medical related applications, with very few owning more than 10, and iPhone owners significantly more likely to own apps (Chi sq, p Conclusions This study found a high level of smartphone ownership and usage among medical students and junior doctors. Both groups endorse the development of more apps to support their education and clinical practice.

  2. Modesto Junior College's Student Success Plan: A Model for Student Success/PFE Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKuin, Kathleen

    This is a report on the student success model designed by Modesto Junior College (MJC) (California) in conjunction with the state-established Partnership for Excellence (PFE) program goals. The PFE program addresses goals of the community college's mission along with more direct emphasis on transfer programs, degrees and certificates awarded,…

  3. Modesto Junior College's Student Success Plan: A Model for Student Success/PFE Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKuin, Kathleen

    This is a report on the student success model designed by Modesto Junior College (MJC) (California) in conjunction with the state-established Partnership for Excellence (PFE) program goals. The PFE program addresses goals of the community college's mission along with more direct emphasis on transfer programs, degrees and certificates awarded,…

  4. Creativity Education Model through Dance Creation for Students of Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malarsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to realize dance as a real product of a dance education process. The product is packaged in a form of audio-visual as well as a scientific publication. As the benefit from this study, the product can be used by school and specifically by dance teacher as a guidance in conducting dance lesson at school. The study on the model of creativity education through the creation is being understood as a form of developmental research. As a developmental research, the research plan is initiated by analyzing the teaching material related to dance lesson, and relate it to the creativity education which has to be accomplished through dance lesson, specifically for Junior High School students. The study will be continued with theoretical/ conceptual analysis and observation which is related to creativity education through the dance creation. In the end of this study, model of creativity education through dance creation is produced, particularly for students of Junior High School level. Results of the study show that, in doing creativity activity through dance creation, the value of the dance as an art is not become the primary aim. Moreover, the main aim of this process is towards the creativity process itself. While producing and creating the dance, two major educational points are derived, which are: the creativity and product value in a form of dance. Based on background of the idea, through this pilot project, the creativity of creating dance for public schools students, especially Junior High School, is possible to be done and used as a dance creativity learning model in Junior High School. Two suggestions are formulated in this study: (1 it is suggested for dance teachers in public schools, in this context is Junior High School teachers, to set their teaching and learning process into the creativity education as it is implied in curriculum. (2 In order to achieve the creativity education itself, the dance creation as one of art subject

  5. A cross-cultural study of stress responses and social support between Chinese and Japanese junior high school students.

    OpenAIRE

    鉄, 拳

    2013-01-01

    This comparative research’s objective is to demonstrate the relation between stress responses and social support in Japanese and Chinese junior high school students. The subjects were 602 Japanese students and 611 Chinese students. As a result, by comparison of the stress reaction, Japan was intentionally high and it was shown by comparison of social support that Chinese one is intentionally high. Lower than the score became a junior high school students of Japanese junior high school student...

  6. A Further Look at Manifest Anxiety of Urban Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Benjamin F.

    1970-01-01

    Junior high school students, particularly Negroes, experience an excessive amount of inner conflict because they are lacking in social skills and confidence. These feelings of insecurity stem mainly from an awareness of social ostracism. (CK)

  7. Traditional versus internet bullying in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gofin, Rosa; Avitzour, Malka

    2012-11-01

    To examine the prevalence of traditional and Internet bullying and the personal, family, and school environment characteristics of perpetrators and victims. Students (12-14 years old) in 35 junior high schools were randomly selected from the Jerusalem Hebrew (secular and religious) and Arab educational system (n = 2,610). Students answered an anonymous questionnaire, addressing personal, family, and school characteristics. Traditional bullying and Internet bullying for perpetrators and victims were categorized as either occurring at least sometimes during the school year or not occurring. Twenty-eight percent and 8.9 % of students were perpetrators of traditional and Internet bullying, respectively. The respective proportions of victims were 44.9 and 14.4 %. Traditional bullies presented higher Odds Ratios (ORs) for boys, for students with poor social skills (those who had difficulty in making friends, were influenced by peers in their behavior, or were bored), and for those who had poor communication with their parents. Boys and girls were equally likely to be Internet bullies and to use the Internet for communication and making friends. The OR for Internet bullying victims to be Internet bullying perpetrators was 3.70 (95 % confidence interval 2.47-5.55). Victims of traditional bullying felt helpless, and victims of traditional and Internet bullying find school to be a frightening place. There was a higher OR of Internet victimization with reports of loneliness. Traditional bully perpetrators present distinctive characteristics, while Internet perpetrators do not. Victims of traditional and Internet bullying feel fear in school. Tailored interventions are needed to address both types of bullying.

  8. An Analysis of Background Factors of School Non-Attendance in Junior High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    神田,信彦; 大木, 桃代

    2001-01-01

    This study explored the background effect of school non-attendance in junior high school students. Two hundred ninety-eight junior high school students completed a questionaire. It was consist of perceived control scale for children and items about their feelings for parents, classmates, teachers, classes, and so on. The results were as follows:(1)Desire for school non-attendance was controlled with High perceived control, perceived affective support from families and friends, and a feeling o...

  9. A Study of the Influencing Factors of English Extracurricular Reading for Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金盼

    2015-01-01

    Extracurricular reading as an extension of the junior middle school English teaching process,which can broaden the students’ horizons.In this dissertation,the influencing factors of the junior high school students’ extracurricular reading are described.According to these factors,corresponding improving measures are put forward to improve the level of learning English through English extracurricular reading.

  10. On Strategies of Improving Junior High School Students' Oral English Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗茜

    2015-01-01

    With the increasingly frequent international exchanges,English,as an international language,has been attached greater importance.The oral English ability of junior high school students plays an indispensable role in their everyday study and social interaction,and it is the present junior school study that can lay a solid foundation for their future study and life. Therefore,to comprehensively improve their oral English ability is in urgent need and of paramount significance.This paper focuses on analyzing the external and internal factors influencing the cultivation of junior high school students' oral English ability,and put forwards the corresponding cultivating strategies of the oral English ability of junior high school students.

  11. Strategies for Teaching Elementary and Junior High Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consuegra, Gerard F.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the applications of Piaget's theory of cognitive development to elementary and junior high school science teaching. Topics include planning concrete experiences, inductive and hypothetical deductive reasoning, measurement concepts, combinatorial logic, scientific experimentation and reflexive thinking. (SA)

  12. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Auliyanti, Fijri; Sekartini, Rini; Mangunatmadja, Irawan

    2016-01-01

    ... status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school...

  13. The evaluation of psycho-emotional state in junior students of medical university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Pavliuk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently, psychosocial factors, stress and mental exhaustion are considered by WHO experts and the International Labour Organization as an important new factor affecting the health, working capacity, training and career. Young generation, especially students, who are an industrial and intellectual potential of the country can be attributed to the risk group because of the extremely high burden of adaptation. The intensity and tension of modern life at a psychological level preceding the occurrence of negative emotional experiences and stress reactions that, accumulating, cause the formation of depressions. The aim of the study was to examine the level of psycho-emotional stress in the junior students of medical university. The observations of the medical students of the second year of study were performed. To determine the psycho-emotional stress we have used adaptive varint of H.Ayzenko method that include an anxiety, frustration, aggressiveness and rigidity, through questionnaires. According to a survey results of the state of psycho-emotional state low levels of stress resistance were found in students in learning activities, indicating that students are exposed to the negative impact of the environment. It should also be noted that the level of emotional condition of students depends on the personal experience of stressful situations that arise in students’ lives.

  14. Epidemiological Survey on Periodontal Disease in Junior High School Students in Niigata Prefecture Using the CPITN

    OpenAIRE

    原沢, 正昭; 矢野, 正敏; 小林, 清吾; 平川, 敬; 安藤, 雄一; 堀井, 欣一; 岸, 洋志; 高塚, 真理子; 原, 耕二; Harasawa, Masaaki; Yano, Masatoshi; Kobayashi, Seigo; Hirakawa, Takashi; Ando, Yuichi; Horii, Kin-ichi

    1992-01-01

    A survey on the prevalence of periodontal disease was carried out on 360 8th grade students in three Junior High Schools in Niigata Prefecture, Shiozawa Junior High, Yahiko Junio High and Kurokawa Junior High. According to the partial recording of the CPITN, 6 index teeth (16, 11, ,26, 36, 31and 46 defined by FDI terminology) were examined at the time of the annual school-based dental examination. The results of this study showed that the percentages of the subjects having no sign of periodon...

  15. Vocabulary Learning Under New Curriculum ---Grade Nine student in a Junior high school%Vocabulary Learning Under New Curriculum ---Grade Nine student in a Junior high school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨灿

    2011-01-01

    1. Introduction This thesis focuses on the real situation of vocabulary learning in a junior high school, located in countryside. First, this thesis will review some research conclusions on vocabulary learning. Then the author tries to explore the real situation of vocabulary learning in the high school, by analyzing the data collected from the questionnaire done by Grade Nine students.

  16. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-01-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas…

  17. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-01-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas…

  18. Environmental tobacco exposure is associated with vaccine modified measles in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Shuichi; Sato, Kazuki; Watanabe, Hiroko; Nezu, Yoko; Nishimuta, Toshiyuki

    2015-11-01

    Vaccine modified measles (VMM) affects individuals with attenuated vaccine induced immunity. An outbreak of measles occurred in a junior high school, starting from an unvaccinated eighth-grade student who developed natural measles and affected a majority of students who were immunized with a low potent strain of measles vaccine (TD97). To determine whether environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure was associated with the development of VMM in this population, a questionnaire was used asking whether students had VMM symptoms during the outbreak and the smoking status of family members. VMM was defined in the study population as occurrence of fever and/or erythema, along with documented history of measles vaccination. A total of 513 students (85.9%) responded. Overall, the presence of in-house smokers did not differ between VMM students (49.3%) and non-VMM students (50.2%). However, in the ninth grade, presence of an in-house smoker was significantly higher in the family of VMM students (54.0%) than in non-VMM students (36.6%) (P = 0.044). Urinary cotinine levels were also measured in selected students (n = 37). Among families with at least one smoker, urinary cotinine levels were significantly higher in VMM students than in non-VMM students (P = 0.032). Furthermore, a multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that a high urinary cotinine level (>10 ng/mg creatinine; 13.5 percentile) was associated with the development of VMM. Our findings suggest that a high level of ETS exposure may be associated with an increased risk of VMM in a population with attenuated vaccine induced immunity against measles.

  19. Helicobacter pylori infection and its related factors in junior high school students in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Yoshiko; Lin, Yingsong; Hongo, Minoru; Hidaka, Hiroya; Kikuchi, Shogo

    2017-04-01

    There have been few reports on Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in asymptomatic Japanese children and adolescents. We hypothesized that the prevalence of H. pylori infection is very low among Japanese children and that clinical variables such as serum pepsinogen and iron levels are associated with H. pylori infection. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a sample of 454 junior high school students aged 12-15 years in four areas in Nagano Prefecture. A commercial ELISA kit (E-plate Eiken H. pylori antibody) was used to measure IgG antibody against H. pylori. Serum pepsinogen and iron levels were also measured using standard methods. A urea breath test was performed for seropositive students. The overall prevalence of H. pylori was 3.1% (14/454). There were no significant differences in H. pylori prevalence among mountain, rural, and urban areas. The mean level of both serum pepsinogen (PG I) and PG II was significantly increased in the seropositive subjects compared with the seronegative subjects. When the cutoff values for adults (PG I: 70 ng/mL and PG I/II ratio: 3) were used, 4 of 14 subjects had PG I ≤70 ng/mL and PG I/II ratio ≤3. The results of a logistic regression analysis showed that low serum iron levels were significantly associated with H. pylori infection (P=.02). The prevalence of H. pylori infection is as low as 3% among junior high school students aged 12-15 years in Japan. The disappearance of H. pylori is accelerating in Japanese children. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Smartphone and medical related App use among medical students and junior doctors in the United Kingdom (UK): a regional survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Smartphone usage has spread to many settings including that of healthcare with numerous potential and realised benefits. The ability to download custom-built software applications (apps) has created a new wealth of clinical resources available to healthcare staff, providing evidence-based decisional tools to reduce medical errors. Previous literature has examined how smartphones can be utilised by both medical student and doctor populations, to enhance educational and workplace activities, with the potential to improve overall patient care. However, this literature has not examined smartphone acceptance and patterns of medical app usage within the student and junior doctor populations. Methods An online survey of medical student and foundation level junior doctor cohorts was undertaken within one United Kingdom healthcare region. Participants were asked whether they owned a Smartphone and if they used apps on their Smartphones to support their education and practice activities. Frequency of use and type of app used was also investigated. Open response questions explored participants’ views on apps that were desired or recommended and the characteristics of apps that were useful. Results 257 medical students and 131 junior doctors responded, equating to a response rate of 15.0% and 21.8% respectively. 79.0% (n=203/257) of medical students and 74.8% (n=98/131) of junior doctors owned a smartphone, with 56.6% (n=115/203) of students and 68.4% (n=67/98) of doctors owning an iPhone. The majority of students and doctors owned 1–5 medical related applications, with very few owning more than 10, and iPhone owners significantly more likely to own apps (Chi sq, papp usage of several times a day. Over 24hours apps were used for between 1–30 minutes for students and 1–20 minutes for doctors, students used disease diagnosis/management and drug reference apps, with doctors favouring clinical score/calculator apps. Conclusions This study found a high level of

  1. A Program to Enhance Self-Concept of Junior High Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, James H.

    This research analyzes the results of a program to enhance the self concepts of junior high students. Subjects were 80 students identified as having low self concepts. They participated in an eight-week program to develop skills in personal and social awareness. Pretest posttest scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory indicated that…

  2. "A steep learning curve": junior doctor perspectives on the transition from medical student to the health-care workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturman, Nancy; Tan, Zachary; Turner, Jane

    2017-05-26

    The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition. Final-year University of Queensland medical students recruited junior doctors working in diverse hospital settings, and videorecorded individual semi-structured interviews about their transition from medical student to working as a junior doctor. Two clinical academics (NS and JT) and an intern (ZT) independently conducted a descriptive analysis of interview transcripts, and identified preliminary emerging concepts and themes, before reaching agreement by consensus on the major overarching themes. Three key themes emerged from the analysis of 15 interviews: internship as a "steep learning curve"; relationships and team; and seeking help. Participants described the intern transition as physically, mentally and emotionally exhausting. They learned to manage long days, administrative and clinical tasks, frequent interruptions and time pressures; identify priorities; deal with criticism without compromising key relationships; communicate succinctly; understand team roles (including their own status within hospital hierarchies); and negotiate conflict. Participants reported a drop in self-confidence, and difficulty maintaining self-care and social relationships. Although participants emphasised the importance of escalating concerns and seeking help to manage patients, they appeared more reluctant to seek help for personal issues and reported a number of barriers to doing so. Findings may assist educators in refining their intern preparation and intern

  3. The effects of a hardiness educational intervention on hardiness and perceived stress of junior baccalaureate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jameson, Paula R

    2014-04-01

    Baccalaureate nursing education is stressful. The stress encompasses a range of academic, personal, clinical, and social reasons. A hardiness educational program, a tool for stress management, based on theory, research, and practice, exists to enhance the attitudes and coping strategies of hardiness (Maddi, 2007; Maddi et al., 2002). Research has shown that students who completed the hardiness educational program, subsequently improved in grade point average (GPA), college retention rates, and health (Maddi et al., 2002). Little research has been done to explore the effects of hardiness education with junior baccalaureate nursing students. Early identification of hardiness, the need for hardiness education, or stress management in this population may influence persistence in and completion of a nursing program (Hensel and Stoelting-Gettelfinger, 2011). Therefore, the aims were to determine if an increase in hardiness and a decrease in perceived stress in junior baccalaureate nursing students occurred in those who participated in a hardiness intervention. The application of the Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model established connections and conceptual collaboration among stress, stimuli, adaptation, and hardi-coping. A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group with pre-test and post-test was used with a convenience sample of full-time junior level baccalaureate nursing students. Data were collected from August 2011 to December 2011. Results of statistical analyses by paired t-tests revealed that the hardiness intervention did not have a statistically significant effect on increasing hardiness scores. The hardiness intervention did have a statistically significant effect on decreasing perceived stress scores. The significant decrease in perceived stress was congruent with the Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model. Further hardiness research among junior baccalaureate nursing students, utilizing the entire hardiness intervention, was recommended.

  4. Medical student clerkship performance and career selection after a junior medical student surgical mentorship program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, K M; Schwartz, T M; Rao, V; Khokhar, M T; Miner, T J; Harrington, D T; Ryder, B A

    2016-02-01

    The impact of early medical school mentorship in students' clerkships performance and career selection is unknown. We administered Introduction to Surgery, a resident-directed, semester-long, preclinical elective to junior medical students who answered a Likert-type survey after residency application. Elective participants (EPs) were compared with nonparticipant applicants (EAs), medical school class (MS), and national match outcomes (USA). All 18 EPs (7 M1's, 11 M2's) completed the elective and survey. EP reported more confidence and improved surgical skills, especially attributed to resident mentorship (F(13,237) = 2.3, P = 8*10(-3)). EP "honored" the clerkship more than MS (P = .05); 55.6% of EP, 37.5% of EA, and 27.7% of MS chose surgical fields, yielding a relative risk of 2.0 for EP vs MS (95% confidence interval: 1.3 to 3.2, P = 4*10(-3)). EP "strongly agree" with future mentorship programs (4.6/5), and 1 EP reported the course to be the "main reason" for applying to general surgery. Introduction to Surgery provides a model for a multifaceted junior medical student mentorship program, which has the potential to retain interested students for surgical career selection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. The Effect of Task-Based Language Teaching on Motivation and Grammatical Achievement of EFL Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    NamazianDost, Islam; Bohloulzadeh, Ghassem; Pazhakh, Abdolreza

    2017-01-01

    This research sought to investigate the effect of the effect of task-based language teaching on motivation and grammatical achievement of EFL junior high school students of Ahvaz. To fulfill the objectives of the study a Homogeneity test (Oxford Quick Placement Test) was administered among 100 students at the junior high school and finally 80…

  6. Effects of International Questions on EFL Reading Comprehension at the Junior High School Level

    OpenAIRE

    WATANABE, Kazuo; Mori, Akiko

    2002-01-01

    Reading as communication haas been emphasized in recent EFL reading. We examined if the use of inferential questions as a strategy to teach reading can develop student's reading comprehension skills. We conducted an experiment in which 217 third year junior high school students in Osaka participated. They were divided into three groups. Group A was taught using only traslation, Group B was taught using only literal questions, and Group C was taught using only inferential questions. After the ...

  7. Acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccine among parents of junior middle school students in Jinan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Ma, Yuanyuan; Wang, Xia; Zou, Huachun; Zhao, Fanghui; Wang, Shaoming; Zhang, Shaokai; Zhao, Yong; Marley, Gifty; Ma, Wei

    2015-05-21

    To determine the level of awareness on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and acceptance of HPV vaccination among parents of junior middle school students. A cross sectional survey employing cluster sampling was conducted in Jinan, Shandong Province of China in January of 2013. A total of 400 parents of junior middle school students participated in the questionnaire survey, among whom 360 (90%) completed valid questionnaires. About 88 (22.63%) parents had ever heard of HPV. Only one in ten (10.2%) knew about HPV vaccine. Parents willing to accept HPV vaccination for children accounted for 40.8%. Factors associated willing to accept HPV vaccination for children among parents were: female parent (AOR: 0.38, 95%CI: 0.21-0.67), having ever heard of HPV vaccine (AOR: 2.38, 95%CI: 1.01-5.61), thinking HPV vaccination should commence before sexual debut(AOR: 2.16, 95%CI: 1.21-3.85), thinking HPV vaccination should commence before 12 years old (AOR: 2.76, 95%CI: 1.02-7.46) or 13-15 years old (AOR: 4.75, 95%CI: 1.79-12.61), concern about suffering from cervical cancer and/or genital warts (AOR: 2.43, 95%CI: 1.31-4.50). About 60% of parents were in favor of future HPV vaccination promoting in China believing that HPV vaccine could efficiently prevent cervical cancer, anal cancer or genital warts, 37.4% of parents with expectation of governmental subsidy and price regulation. Parental awareness level of HPV vaccine and willingness to accept HPV vaccination for children was low. However, the general attitude of many participants toward future promoting of HPV vaccination in China was encouraging, particularly if certain expectations were met. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. The use of CORE model by metacognitive skill approach in developing characters junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Dahlia; Yaniawati, Poppy; Kusumah, Yaya Sukjaya

    2017-08-01

    This study aims to analyze the character of students who obtain CORE learning model using metacognitive approach. The method in this study is qualitative research and quantitative research design (Mixed Method Design) with concurrent embedded strategy. The research was conducted on two groups: an experimental group and the control group. An experimental group consists of students who had CORE model learning using metacognitive approach while the control group consists of students taught by conventional learning. The study was conducted the object this research is the seventh grader students in one the public junior high schools in Bandung. Based on this research, it is known that the characters of the students in the CORE model learning through metacognitive approach is: honest, hard work, curious, conscientious, creative and communicative. Overall it can be concluded that CORE model learning is good for developing characters of a junior high school student.

  9. Social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships in junior high school classrooms predicts bullying and victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Stasio, Maria Rosaria; Savage, Robert; Burgos, Giovani

    2016-12-01

    This cross-sectional research examines how social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships as classroom characteristics are associated with bullying and victimization among junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 in Canada. The study tests a conceptual model of youth outcomes that highlights the importance of modeling the effects of teaching practices as proximal structural conditions at the classroom level (N = 38) that affect bullying outcomes at the individual level (N = 687). Results of Hierarchal linear modeling (HLM) revealed significant classroom-level effects in that increased social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships were related to bullying and victimization. An interaction for teacher-student relationships and gender also emerged. These findings may guide future intervention programs for junior high schools that focus on enhancing cooperation and pro-social behavior in classrooms. The findings could also inform programs that focus on building strong relationships between students and teachers to help prevent bullying and victimization, particularly among boys. Copyright © 2016 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. All rights reserved.

  10. Junior high school students' cognitive process in solving the developed algebraic problems based on information processing taxonomy model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwoko, Saad, Noor Shah; Tajudin, Nor'ain Mohd

    2017-05-01

    This study aims to: i) develop problem solving questions of Linear Equations System of Two Variables (LESTV) based on levels of IPT Model, ii) explain the level of students' skill of information processing in solving LESTV problems; iii) explain students' skill in information processing in solving LESTV problems; and iv) explain students' cognitive process in solving LESTV problems. This study involves three phases: i) development of LESTV problem questions based on Tessmer Model; ii) quantitative survey method on analyzing students' skill level of information processing; and iii) qualitative case study method on analyzing students' cognitive process. The population of the study was 545 eighth grade students represented by a sample of 170 students of five Junior High Schools in Hilir Barat Zone, Palembang (Indonesia) that were chosen using cluster sampling. Fifteen students among them were drawn as a sample for the interview session with saturated information obtained. The data were collected using the LESTV problem solving test and the interview protocol. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, while the qualitative data were analyzed using the content analysis. The finding of this study indicated that students' cognitive process was just at the step of indentifying external source and doing algorithm in short-term memory fluently. Only 15.29% students could retrieve type A information and 5.88% students could retrieve type B information from long-term memory. The implication was the development problems of LESTV had validated IPT Model in modelling students' assessment by different level of hierarchy.

  11. Relationship among Family Support, Love Attitude, and Well-Being of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ho-tang; Chou, Mei-ju; Chen, Wei-hung; Tu, Chin-Tang

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the correlation between family support, love attitude, and well-being of junior high school students. After analyzing related literature, it is found that demographic variables like gender, grade, family structure, socioeconomic position have difference in perception of well-being. In addition, family support and love…

  12. A Study on Students' Affective Factors in Junior High School English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Biyi; Zhou, Yaping

    2012-01-01

    Affect is considered as aspects of emotion, feeling, mood or attitude which condition behaviors in second language acquisition. Positive affect is good for studying while negative affect will inevitably hinder learners' learning process. As we know, students in junior high school are special groups as they are experiencing great changes both in…

  13. "How Long Was Your Poem?" Social Comparison among Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tholander, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The present article focuses on in situ social comparison among junior high school students. Rather than studying social comparison as an individual phenomenon in experimental situations, which has been common in previous research, the study analyzes social comparison as a real-life social practice. The results show that the practice of social…

  14. Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids: Prevalence, Knowledge, and Attitudes in Junior and Senior High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luetkemeier, Maurie J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Reports a survey of junior and senior high school students that investigated the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use and examined gender, sports participation, and illicit drug use. Results indicated the prevalence of steroid use was 3.3%. Steroid use was greater for males, users of other drugs, and strength trainers. (SM)

  15. Improving the Effectiveness of Organic Chemistry Experiments through Multimedia Teaching Materials for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Shi-Jer; Lin, Hui-Chen; Shih, Ru-Chu; Tseng, Kuo-Hung

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study aimed to explore the effects of three different forms of the multimedia teaching materials on the achievements and attitudes of junior high school students in a chemistry laboratory context. The three forms of the multimedia teaching materials, static pictures, video, and animation, were employed to teach chemistry…

  16. How Are Community, Technical, and Junior Colleges Putting Technology to Work for Their Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeHart, A. Robert; And Others

    1987-01-01

    In these four technology-related articles, Robert DeHart examines uses of satellite technology; Jack Pirkey describes televised instruction at Tarrant County Junior College (Texas); Baxter Hood focuses on occupational curriculum development at York Technical College (South Carolina); and Richard Schinoff considers computer-based student services…

  17. Refining the Charles F. Kettering Profile for a Junior High School Student Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    This study investigated the factor structure of the Charles F. Kettering Scale, a measure of climate used frequently for program and curriculum revision. A total of 228 students from a junior high school campus of a large school district in the Southwestern United States completed the General Climate Factors section of the Kettering scale. Primary…

  18. A Quantitative Assessment of the Cultural Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experiences of Junior and Senior Dietetics Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArthur, Laura H.; Greathouse, Karen R.; Smith, Erskine R.; Holbert, Donald

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To assess the cultural competence of dietetics majors. Design: Self-administered questionnaire. Setting: Classrooms at 7 universities. Participants: Two hundred eighty-three students--98 juniors (34.6%) and 185 seniors (65.4%)--recruited during class time. Main Outcome Measures: Knowledge was measured using a multiple-choice test,…

  19. The Construction of an Online Competitive Game-Based Learning System for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yuh-Ming; Kuo, Sheng-Huang; Lou, Shi-Jer; Shih, Ru-Chu

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study aimed to construct an online competitive game-based learning system by using freeware for junior high school students and to assess its effectiveness. From the learning standpoints, game mechanisms including learning points, competition mechanism, training room mechanism, questioning & answering mechanism, tips, and…

  20. Curriculum for Junior High School Students: Dairy Food Consumption Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobocik, Rebecca S.; Haar, Christine M.; Dawson, Erin E.; Coleman, Priscilla; Bakies, Karen

    2009-01-01

    A nutrition education module for a family and consumer sciences curriculum was developed and evaluated with junior high school students (n = 63) using a quasi-experimental design. The multivariate interaction between time of measurement and intervention was significant, F (2, 50) = 8.68, p = 0.001.The univariate interaction between pre and post…

  1. Effect of Self Regulated Learning Approach on Junior Secondary School Students' Achievement in Basic Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nwafor, Chika E.; Obodo, Abigail Chikaodinaka; Okafor, Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    This study explored the effect of self-regulated learning approach on junior secondary school students' achievement in basic science. Quasi-experimental design was used for the study.Two co-educational schools were drawn for the study through simple random sampling technique. One school was assigned to the treatment group while the other was…

  2. Curriculum for Junior High School Students: Dairy Food Consumption Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobocik, Rebecca S.; Haar, Christine M.; Dawson, Erin E.; Coleman, Priscilla; Bakies, Karen

    2009-01-01

    A nutrition education module for a family and consumer sciences curriculum was developed and evaluated with junior high school students (n = 63) using a quasi-experimental design. The multivariate interaction between time of measurement and intervention was significant, F (2, 50) = 8.68, p = 0.001.The univariate interaction between pre and post…

  3. Community and Junior College Concern for and Services Provided to Part-Time Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kegel, Paul L.

    A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample (n=395) of public, private (including proprietary) and church-related community and junior colleges for the purpose of identifying the nature of part-time students in such institutions, the extent to which they participate in or are included in college programs and activities, and the various ways in…

  4. Using Computers to Solve Mathematics by Junior Secondary School Students in Edo State Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olusi, F. I.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of computer aided instruction and traditional method of instruction on the junior secondary school students achievement in mathematics. Four research questions and hypotheses were stated and tested in the study. The design of the study was the pre-test post-test control group experimental…

  5. An Investigation on Students Academic Performance for Junior Secondary Schools in Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    MolokoMphale, Luke; Mhlauli, Mavis B.

    2014-01-01

    The major purpose of the study was to investigate factors which contribute to the decline in students' academic performance in junior secondary schools in Botswana since 2010. The study was mainly quantitative and used the positivist inquiry paradigm. The study employed critical theory for its theoretical framework. Questionnaires were used to…

  6. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume 2, Student's Text, Part I. Unit 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This fifth unit in the SMSG junior high mathematics series is a student text covering the following topics: rational numbers and coordinates; equations; scientific notation, decimals, and the metric system; constructions, congruent triangles, and the Pythagorean property; relative error; and real numbers. (DT)

  7. Predicting Academic Success of Junior Secondary School Students in Mathematics through Cognitive Style and Problem Solving Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badru, Ademola K.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the prediction of academic success of Junior secondary school mathematics students using their cognitive style and problem solving technique. A descriptive survey of correlation type was adopted for this study. A purposive sampling procedure was used to select five Public Junior secondary schools in Ijebu-Ode local government…

  8. Queries, Influencers and Vocational Interests of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woal, S. Theodore

    1974-01-01

    The study, based on questionnaire results from 207 ninth grade students, investigates: student familiarity with occupations; influencers of their tentative occupational choices; post high school plans; and student queries and concerns pertinent to preparation for entry into a job. (MW)

  9. Probing when Japanese junior high school students begin to feel difficulty in learning mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishikawa, Tomoko; Izuta, Giido

    2017-05-01

    It is thought that the increasing number of Japanese students avoiding mathematics has become a serious problem in the last decades. Japanese junior high school students are learning the basic understanding and skills of mathematics during the years of mandatory education. To our knowledge, there are few reports about the time when Japanese junior high school students begin to feel difficulty in mathematics learning. The aim of this work is to examine this case. To accomplish this purpose, a typical public junior high school in a country city with 616 students (182 first-year, 212 second-year, 222 third-year) in all was chosen to be the field of investigation. Likert scale type questionnaires to assess their feelings were conducted, and the respondents who answered `difficulty' and `a little difficulty' were extracted. The number of respondents were 89 first-year (26 males, 63 females), 76 second-year (27 males, 49 females), and 112 third-year (45 males, 67 females) students. The beginning time was divided into school years when it was in elementary school, and semesters when it was in junior high school. Ordinary statistical processings for each grade and gender were performed to analyze them. It was found that the time when they began to have difficulty learning mathematics was different in gender. Male students tended to start from higher-grade of elementary school whereas female students from middle-grade of elementary school. In other words, these results showed differences in gender and time. Finally, these examinations suggest that teachers need to provide appropriate support for students at a suitable time in the elementary school. Also these results are useful in mathematics education of elementary school.

  10. Non-exposure parenting increases risk of bullying behavior in junior high school students

    OpenAIRE

    Surilena Hasan; Jessica Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Background Bullying behavior is one of many behavioral and disciplinary problems among school students, which has a wide impact on youth, families, schools, and communities. Parenting and the role of parents as good educators (exposure) can prevent mental, emotional and behavioral disorders caused by bullying. The aim of this study was to determine the role of self-esteem and family factors on bullying behavior in junior high schools students. Methods A cross-sectional study was ...

  11. Analysis of Energy Literacy and Misconceptions of Junior High Students in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Shin-Cheng Yeh; Jing-Yuan Huang; Hui-Ching Yu

    2017-01-01

    Decision-making regarding energy determines carbon emissions and the severity of climate change. Energy literacy plays a crucial role because well-informed citizens can support the design and implementation of smart and forward-looking policies. Research has shown that people hold misconceptions about energy, and for young students these may persist into adulthood. Thus, this study is to understand the energy literacy of junior high school students in Taiwan and what their misconceptions are ...

  12. [Relationship between support reciprocity and stress responses among elementary, junior high, and senior high school students: moderating effects of underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Hirokazu; Tanaka, Koji

    2008-04-01

    This study examined moderating effects of underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientations on the relationship between support reciprocity in friendships and mood among elementary, junior high, and senior high school students. The participants were 262 first-year senior high school students, 223 second-year junior high school students, and 248 sixth-year elementary school students. The participants completed questionnaires regarding mutual support in friendships, stress responses, and two types of exchange orientations (underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientation). For senior high school students, an underbenefitting orientation had a moderating effect on the relationships between support reciprocity and depression. Among senior high school students low in underbenefitting orientation, individuals who felt slightly underbenefitted regarding support exchange in friendships reported the lowest degree of depression. In addition, individuals high in underbenefitting orientation tended to express a higher level of depression than those low in underbenefitting orientation when they felt slightly underbenefitted.

  13. Knowledge and practice of junior and senior high school students regarding violent behaviors in Isfahan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razieh Omidi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Considering the importance of anger, aggression, violence and other misbehaviours in schoolchildren education, the present study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge and practice of students in Isfahan province regarding violence, in order to figure out the required interventions for violence-reduction. Methods: In a survey during 2008-2009, 5500 junior and senior high school students of Isfahan province were assessed in a multistage sampling process to determine their level of knowledge about various types of violent behaviors, causes of violence, its consequences, and preventive behaviors. Validity and reliability of the data collection tool (questionnaire were assessed. Results: The study revealed that the mean scores of violent behaviors knowledge, knowledge of violent behavior outcomes, and knowledge of violence preventive behaviors, were 6.6 ± 2.1, 5.5 ± 1.9, and 4.7 ± 1.3, respectively. Sources of violent behaviors in 92% of urban students and 89% of rural students were personal reasons and family behaviors, and 85% of urban and 88% of rural students considered mass media and computer games blameworthy, and the differences were statistically significant in all cases (P < 0.0001. In terms of practice, overall, 69.7% of girls and 84.2% of boys had violent behaviors. Physical and verbal violence were 31.3% and 40.7%in girls, and 66% and 52.8% in boys, respectively (intersexes P values were P < 0.001 and P = 0.7 respectively, and intra-sex P value was P < 0.0001. Conclusions: Results showed that girls and city dwellers were more aware of recognizing violent behaviors, outcomes, and causes, compared with boys and villagers, and in terms of general practice, violence was observed among boys more than girls. Further complementary studies in this area seem required.

  14. Food and Nutrition Curriculum Guide for Florida. Elementary Level, Middle/Junior High Level, Senior High Level, Post-Secondary Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crabtree, Myrna P.; Baum, Rosemere

    This curriculum guide contains competency-based curricula suggested for teaching foods and nutrition courses on the elementary, middle/junior high school, senior high school, and postsecondary levels in Florida. For each level, concepts and subconcepts are presented, referenced to competencies or terminal performance objectives. For each…

  15. Junior High Norms for the Bender Gestalt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grow, Richard T.

    1980-01-01

    Junior high students were tested to supply normative data supporting the Bender Gestalt. Subject's performance was not significantly related to sex or occupation of the family bread winner. These variables do not have to be controlled for in norming visual motor tests at the junior high level. (Author)

  16. Sick Building Syndrome Among Junior High School Students in Japan in Relation to the Home and School Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaoka, Motoko; Suzuki, Kyoko; Norbäck, Dan

    2015-06-12

    There is an increasing concern about sick building syndrome (SBS), especially in Asia. The aim of this study is to investigate associations between SBS and the home, school environment and personal factors among Japanese junior high school students. We investigated students in four junior high schools in Hyogo in Kansai area, Japan. A questionnaire study was performed among students (n=1056), 12-15 years old. Temperature and relative air humidity was measured in the classrooms and dust was collected from the classroom floors and air and was analysed for cat and dog allergens. Associations were analysed by multi-level logistic regression. Mucosal symptoms (45.4%), general symptoms (38.9%) and skin symptoms (22.6%) were common. Totally 8.8% reported cat allergy, 6.1% dog allergy, 6.0% mold allergy and 25.7% pollen allergy. Atopy, window pane condensation, floor dampness and odor at home and high relative air humidity in the classrooms were associated with SBS. The prevalence of SBS symptoms was high and associated with both home and school environment. Window pane condensation and floor dampness at home can increase the risk for SBS symptoms in students. Moreover high relative air humidity at school may increase the risk for SBS.

  17. Frequency of Student-Initiated Turns and Teacher-Solicited Questions in Junior and Senior High School English Classes in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Jacqueline, Norris-Holt

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the level of classroom participation by Japanese students engaged in the study of English and the interaction between both instructor and students within the structured environment of the classroom. The subjects of the study included two separate age groups, one a first year junior high school class and the other a third year senior high school class. For the purpose of the study classroom participation was defined as responses to general and personal solicits by the t...

  18. [Sexual behavior and associated factors among Korean junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gyuyoung; Song, Seunghun

    2015-01-01

    The study purpose was to identify the sexual behavior and associated factors of Korean junior high school students. Raw data from the 2013 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey were used. Among the data from 72,435 students, 36,530 junior high school students were analyzed. Complex sample frequency analysis and complex sample chi-square were used to identify the condition of sexual behavior, and complex sample logistic regression was used to examine the factors related to sexual behavior. Among the students, 3.8% responded that they had experienced sexual intercourse, and the prevalence of sexual intercourse was higher among male students (5.0%) compared to female students (2.5%). Among male students, those who had the following were more likely to have had sexual intercourse: perceived high economic status, living with a relative, experience with a partti-me job, a foreign father, experience with smoking and drinking during the past month, experience with drug use, and depression during the past 12 months. Among the female students who were more likely to have had sexual intercourse, the following were ascertained: higher grades, perceived high economic status, living with a relative or in childcare facilities, experience with a part-time job, a foreign father or mother, experience with smoking and drinking during the past month, and experience with drug use. The results suggest that it is important to develop a comprehensive approach program not only focused on sexual behavior but also including mental health or other health behaviors to effectively reduce the likelihood of sexual intercourse among Korean junior high school students.

  19. THE GAME TECHNIQUE NTCHNIQUE STIMULATING LEARNING ACTIVITY OF JUNIOR STUDENTS SPECIALIZING IN ECONOMICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juri. S. Ezrokh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is aimed at specifying and developing the modern control system of current academic achievements of junior university students; and the main task is to find the adequate ways for stimulating the junior students’ learning activities, and estimating their individual achievements.Methods: The author applies his own assessment method for estimating and stimulating students’ learning outcomes, based on the rating-point system of gradually obtained points building up a student’s integrated learning outcomes.Results: The research findings prove that implementation of the given method can increase the motivational, multiplicative and controlling components of the learning process.Scientific novelty: The method in question is based on the new original game approach to controlling procedures and stimulation of learning motivation of the economic profile students.Practical significance: The recommended technique can intensify the incentivebased training activities both in and outside a classroom, developing thereby students’ professional and personal qualities.

  20. How to improve the junior middle school students' English writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵蔚

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1.IntroductionThe purpose of middle school English teaching is to improve the students' English listening,speaking,reading and writing.But now most of students think that writing composition in English is difficult.They can hardly express themselves with their own words.Some of them write composition in English,just according to the Chinese meaning word by word. As an English teacher,it's very necessary to give guidance on the students' writing and it's quite important for the students to practice writing more.

  1. Sidelights of China-Japan Friendship Cities Junior Middle School Students Table Tennis Friendship Tournament

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The China-Japan Friendship Cities Junior Middle School Students Table Tennis Friendship Tournament,jointly organized by the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC), the China-Japan Friendship Association(CJFA), the China Table Tennis Association (CTTA), the Japan-China Friendship Association (JCFA), and the Japan Table Tennis Association(JTTA), was held in Beijing from August 16 to 21 on the occasion of the 40th

  2. Factors Affecting Junior High School Students' Interest in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumper, Ricardo

    2006-01-01

    We report the results of a study on students' interest in physics at the end of their compulsory schooling in Israel carried out in the framework of the ROSE Project. Factors studied were their opinions about science classes, their out-of-school experiences in physics, and their attitudes toward science and technology. Students' overall interest…

  3. A Prospective Epidemiological Study of Injuries in Japanese National Tournament-Level Badminton Players From Junior High School to University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyake

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Injury prevention programs have recently been created for various sports. However, a longitudinal study on badminton injuries, as assessed by a team’s dedicated medical staff, at the gymnasium has not been performed. Objectives We aimed to perform the first such study to measure the injury incidence, severity and type as the first step in creating a badminton injury prevention program. Patients and Methods A prospective, longitudinal survey was conducted between April 2012 and March 2013 with 133 national tournament-level badminton players from junior high school to university in Japan with the teams’ physical therapists at the gymnasium. Injury incidence was measured as the injury rate (IR for every 1,000 hour (1000 hour and IR for every 1,000 athlete exposures (1000 AE. Severity was classified in 5 levels by the number of days the athlete was absent from practice or matches. Injury types were categorized as trauma or overuse. Results Practice (IR (1,000 hour was significantly higher in female players than in male players; the rates increased with increasing age. IR (1,000 AE was significantly higher in matches than in practice in both sexes of all ages, except for female junior high school students and injuries were most frequent for high school students in matches. The majority of the injuries were slight (83.8%; overuse injuries occurred approximately 3 times more than trauma. Conclusions This is the first study in which medical staff assessed injuries in badminton, providing value through benchmark data. Injury prevention programs are particularly necessary for female university students in practice and high school students in matches.

  4. Immunization Status Against Hepatitis B Among Iranian Junior Medical, Nursing, and Obstetrics Students With Different Vaccination Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allami

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Since the protection time by hepatitis B (HB vaccination is unclear, the strategy of immunization of junior students who previously received hepatitis vaccine is controversial. Objectives This study aimed to determine the status of immunity to hepatitis B in junior medical, nursing and obstetrics students with different hepatitis B virus (HBV vaccination patterns. Patients and Methods In an analytical cross-sectional study, 255 junior medical sciences students were tested for quantitative antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs. The proportion of protective immunity was compared in different vaccination patterns. Results Vaccination coverage rates were 74.1%. About half the participants didn’t show serological evidence of protective immunity; 68.9% had their last shot more than 10 years ago and 30.4% had a vaccination history of five years or less (P < 0.001. Geometric mean level of anti-HBs titer among students, who had received a primary series vaccine at birth, was significantly lower than students who had started vaccination at an older age (P < 0.001. Also, analysis of variance for geometric mean of anti-HBs titer showed significant differences between groups based on injection time from the last shot (P < 0.001 (post hoc comparisons resulted in a P value of < 0.001 for birth versus < 5 year group, and P < 0.001 for the 5 to 10 year group. The lowest rate of non-protective level belonged to participants with complete three doses and a booster additional shot (27.1%. The final model for independent predictors of anti-HBs positive status was made by a binary logistic regression analysis. The model included presence of a booster dose, injection time from last shot, and discipline of study. Conclusions This study shows lower anti-HBs among students who were vaccinated at infancy compared to those vaccinated at older childhood or adolescence. Also, subsequent measurement of anti-HBs level at the time of entrance to

  5. The Influence of Gender on Junior Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    supervision, organizational climate (open and close), student factors (poor ability of ... that teachers' approaches of teaching mathematics are complex whereby .... (e.g., teaching materials, classroom management, teacher knowledge, attitudes.

  6. ANALYSIS OF BARRIERS IN LISTENING COMPREHENSION AMONG JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setia Muljanto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper identifies barriers and difficulties in listening comprehension faced by junior high school students. The research questions were what barriers did students encounter and how did they used strategies to overcome those barriers. This study used a qualitative method and was a case study involving 40 students and one English teacher. The data were obtained by ways of conducting a test of listening taken from TOEIC test. The tests indicated that the results scores were not quite satisfactory. This is primarily caused by speech delivery of the native speaker which was too fast. This means that students faced listening barriers especially in processing information. The data also indicated that students were also nervous when doing the test as habitual barrier. Strategies used to overcome these barriers are by making students get used to listen and use English and making them familiar with certain contexts in real life.

  7. ASSESSMENT OF FEAR OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION LEVELS AND EMPATHIC TENDENCY LEVELS OF NATIONAL JUNIOR JUDO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Olcay KARABULUT

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted with a total of 63 junior judokas (32 female judokas and 31 male judokas who joined preparatory camp organized by Turkish Judo Federation at Çankırı Camping Training Center between the 7th and the 20th of June, 2012 and who were selected using random sampling method. Participation was voluntary. Two questionnaire forms were used in the study: “Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale” developed by Leary (1983 and adapted into Turkish by Çetin et al. (2010, and “Empathic Tendency Scale” designed by Dökmen (1988. For the data analysis, descriptive statistical methods such as frequency (n and percentages (% were used for the personal information. In order to explore differences, t test was employed for gender variable while such non-parametric tests as Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis test were used for the variables of sportive age and success in national and international competitions because the data did not follow normal distribution and homogeneity conditions were not met. Level of significance was set at 0.05. As the result of the study; it was found out that fear of negative evaluation and empathic tendency did not change in terms of gender and sportive age while the scores of the judokas who ranked among the top five judokas in national and international competitions were lower than those who did not rank among the top five judokas in national and international competitions and the difference between successful athletes and unsuccessful athletes in national competitions was statistically significant.

  8. Logical Reasoning Abilities of Junior High School Students in the Province of Cotabato, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul John B. Ongcoy

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Reasoning abilities of the learners and its development was well-discussed in the world of education. The higher the ability of the person to reason abstractly, the higher the probability that a person will effectively function in the society. Thus, it is the main goal of the K-12 Curriculum of the Department of Education to improve the reasoning abilities and formal reasoning among students in the country. The higher the reasoning ability of a person, the more productive he is. The ability of logical reasoning has an essential function in the academic performance of students and their construction of the concepts. This study aimed to determine the logical reasoning abilities of 150 randomly selected junior high school students. Specifically, this study aimed to determine the logical reasoning abilities namely combinatorial reasoning, controlling variables, correlation reasoning, probabilistic reasoning and proportional reasoning among the grade 10 junior high school students and determine whether there is a significant difference in students’ logical reasoning abilities according to their gender. The respondents answered the Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT. Thirty respondents were interviewed to verify their answers. The findings of the study led to the following conclusions: most students correctly answered problems in probabilistic reasoning and least number of students correctly answered problems in proportional reasoning and combinatorial reasoning and, male and female respondents have equal performances in problems pertaining to combinatorial reasoning, controlling variables, correlational reasoning and probabilistic reasoning but female respondents are better in proportional reasoning than the male respondents.

  9. Writing Workbook as Scaffolding Aid for Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ima Melati Dewi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to develop a writing workbook as a supplementary material for the eighth graders of SMPN 3 Jember. The result of the preliminary study showed that there was only small portion of writing activities in the existing textbook. As a result, students got many difficulties in writing skills. The research and development (R&D procedure was employed in this study. The design used in developing the workbook was the adaptation model of development by Borg and Gall (1983. The procedures employed in this study were needs analysis, instructional goal, material de-velopment, expert validation, try-out, and final product. The information from teachers and students in needs analysis served as a basis for developing the materials. To evaluate the developed materials, expert validation by a material development expert and a subject matter expert was carried out. The information from the experts was used to improve the quality of the materials. After trying out the ma-terials, the teacher was given observation form and the students were given checklists to examine the acceptability and the utility of the product in the field. Based on the result of the data analysis, it can be concluded that the developed materials were categorized good and can be used as supplemen-tary writing materials for the eighth graders of SMPN 3 Jember. Key Words: developing, writing workbook, supplementary material, SMPN 3 Jember

  10. [Relationship among inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression in Japanese elementary and junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noda, Wataru; Okada, Ryo; Tani, Iori; Ohnishi, Masafumi; Naoto, Mochizuki; Nakajima, Syunji; Tsujii, Masatsugu

    2013-06-01

    The present study examines the relationship among inattentive, and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression in elementary school and junior high school students. The participants were 3,885 children and their teachers and caregivers. Children's inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior was rated by their teachers and caregivers (ADHD-RS). Children rated aggression (HAQ-C) and depression (DSRS-C) themselves. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior rated by teachers and caregivers were positively related to aggression and depression. Inattention predicted higher levels of aggression and depression. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior as rated by teachers was more highly related to depression than those behaviors as rated by caregivers. The relationships among inattentive, and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression were almost the same for both elementary school and junior high school students. This study suggests the importance of assessing inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior from multiple views to examine the relationship between inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior and mental health problems.

  11. Stroke education using an animated cartoon and a manga for junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigehatake, Yuya; Yokota, Chiaki; Amano, Tatsuo; Tomii, Yasuhiro; Inoue, Yasuteru; Hagihara, Takaaki; Toyoda, Kazunori; Minematsu, Kazuo

    2014-07-01

    We investigated whether junior high school students could be educated regarding stroke with an animated cartoon and a Manga that we produced for the purpose of dissemination of this knowledge. We produced a 10-minute animated cartoon and a Manga that provided information regarding stroke risk factors, stroke signs and symptoms, and awareness to immediately contact emergent medical service (EMS) on identification of stroke signs and symptoms. From December 2011 to March 2012, 493 students in 15 classes of the first grade (age 12-13 years) of 3 junior high schools were enrolled in the study. Each subject watched the animated cartoon and read the Manga; this was referred to as "training." Lessons about stroke were not given. Questionnaires on stroke knowledge were evaluated at baseline, immediately after the training, and 3 months after the training. The proportion of correct answers given immediately after the training was higher for all questions, except those related to arrhythmia, compared with baseline. Percentage of correct answers given at 3 months was higher than that at baseline in questions related to facial palsy (75% versus 33%), speech disturbance (91% versus 60%), hemiplegia (79% versus 52%), numbness of 1 side (58% versus 51%), calling for EMS (90% versus 85%), alcohol intake (96% versus 72%), and smoking (69% versus 54%). At 3 months after the training, 56% of students answered the FAST (facial droop, arm weakness, speech disturbance, time to call for EMS) mnemonic correctly. Stroke education using these teaching aids of the animated cartoon and the Manga improved stroke knowledge in junior high school students. Copyright © 2014 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders among junior high school students who play wind instruments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eriko Yasuda

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study investigated whether playing wind instruments has adverse effects on musculoskeletal functions among junior high school students who play in music clubs. Material and Methods: The study included 210 junior high school students (35 boys, 175 girls belonging to 1 of 4 different school clubs that practiced playing wind instruments more than 6 days/week. The mean age of the participants was 14 years. The study was performed using a questionnaire survey and an electromyographic examination of jaw and cervical muscle activities during playing wind instruments. Results: The prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD among the children playing woodwind (WW or brass wind (BW instruments was higher than in those playing non-wind (NW instruments. Long duration of playing WW with a reed mouthpiece or BW with a small mouthpiece was suggested to affect the incidence of TMD, which was more marked in girls than in boys, irrespective of height or weight. Muscle activity in the masseter muscle during playing an instrument was significantly higher in the BW with a small mouthpiece group than in the NW group (p < 0.05. In cervical muscles, muscle activity of both the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles was higher during playing BW than in the case of other instruments, and activity in the sternocleidomastoid muscle was significantly higher in the BW with a small mouthpiece group than in the case of other instrument groups (p < 0.05. Conclusions: Playing wind instruments may have adverse effects on musculoskeletal functions among junior high school students playing in music clubs as compared with playing NW instruments. The prevalence of TMD among the students playing wind instruments was higher than in those playing other instruments. Long duration of playing those instruments affects musculoskeletal function, and this effect is more marked in girls than in boys, irrespective of height or weight.

  13. The Development Of Career Competence Instrument Based On Computer Assisted Testing For Students Of Junior High Schools In Jakarta, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Gantina Komalasari, M.Psi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by results of theoretical studies and empirical facts about the importance of student’s career competence achievement, as well as the study of government policies on the mandate for the assessment in the specialization program/career counseling of Junior High School students. The research was aimed at developing student’s career competence standardized instrument based on Computer Assisted Testing (CAT which is effective as a support system of specialization program/career counseling in junior high schools. The study employed the standardized instrument development procedure (Anwar, 2010. The study population was all Grade IX students of Junior High School of Jakarta in the academic year of 2015/2016. The research sample was gained by using multistage cluster random sampling technique. Members of the research sample were 466 junior high school students representing the five regions of Jakarta. The data collection was performed by using Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale. The data were then analyzed by using validity and reliability tests. Operational data analysis was performed by using IBM SPSS version 20.0 for Windows. The results show that: first, all statements of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale are valid because the Sig. (2-tailed < α (0.05; second, the reliability of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale is in the high category because the reliability index reached r = 0.880. The final version of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale consists of 43 items.

  14. Validation of the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale among Junior Middle School Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jibin; Lau, Joseph T. F.; Mo, Phoenix K. H.; Su, Xuefen; Wu, Anise M. S.; Tang, Jie; Qin, Zuguo

    2016-01-01

    Background Online social networking use has been integrated into adolescents’ daily life and the intensity of online social networking use may have important consequences on adolescents’ well-being. However, there are few validated instruments to measure social networking use intensity. The present study aims to develop the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale (SNAIS) and validate it among junior middle school students in China. Methods A total of 910 students who were social networking users were recruited from two junior middle schools in Guangzhou, and 114 students were retested after two weeks to examine the test-retest reliability. The psychometrics of the SNAIS were estimated using appropriate statistical methods. Results Two factors, Social Function Use Intensity (SFUI) and Entertainment Function Use Intensity (EFUI), were clearly identified by both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. No ceiling or floor effects were observed for the SNAIS and its two subscales. The SNAIS and its two subscales exhibited acceptable reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.89, 0.90 and 0.60, and test-retest Intra-class Correlation Coefficient = 0.85, 0.87 and 0.67 for Overall scale, SFUI and EFUI subscale, respectively, pInternet addiction, and characteristics related to social networking use. Conclusions The SNAIS is an easily self-administered scale with good psychometric properties. It would facilitate more research in this field worldwide and specifically in the Chinese population. PMID:27798699

  15. What basic clinical procedures should be mastered by junior clerkship students? Experience at a single medical school in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konje ET

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Eveline T Konje,1,2 Rodrick Kabangila,2,3 Mange Manyama,2,4 Jacqueline M van Wyk2,5 1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania; 2Medical Education Fellowship, Southern Africa FAIMER Regional Institute – SAFRI, Cape Town, South Africa; 3Department of Internal Medicine, 4Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania; 5Department of Clinical and Professional Education, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa Background: Clinical training in most medical schools, including the Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS, is offered in the form of junior and senior rotations. During these clinical rotations, students are expected to acquire and master the basic procedural skills. However, students’ learning process should be evaluated for quality improvement. Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the basic medical procedural skills that third-year medical students should acquire and master and determine the level of students’ exposure on these procedures at the end of junior rotation in internal medicine. Identification of the gap between clinicians’ opinions, skills practiced by students, and third-year students’ curriculum in the medical department at CUHAS was also done. Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was used to collect data through a self-administered, structured questionnaire from clinicians in medicine. A review of logbooks was considered to determine level of students’ exposure, and a document analysis was done using existing medical curriculum. Results: The response of 71% (n=22 was obtained. Clinicians agreed on basic procedures that students should perform independently (ie, Foley catheter insertion, venipuncture, and intravenous drip insertion. Clinicians thought

  16. Homework Hotline Questionnaires: For Parents (Elementary Schools); for Junior High School Students; for High School Students; Homework Hotline Questionnaire for Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Balwant

    Four questionnaires, designed to measure attitudes toward a proposed homework hotline, are included in this document. There are versions for parents of students in grades 4 to 6, for junior high school students, for high school students, and for educators. The items concern student characteristics, desirable parental role in helping with homework,…

  17. DIFFERENCES IN MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS BETWEEN JUNIOR BASKETBALL PLAYERS WHO HAVE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF EXPLOSIVE STRENGTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedim Sisic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine differences in morphological characteristics between junior basketball players who have different levels of explosive strength. Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 84 junior basketball players from (B&H Bosnia and Herzegovina (16-18 years in spring 2013th. The sample of morphological variables consited of: body height, leg length, body weight, upper arm girth in extension, calf girth, triceps skinfold, abdominal skinfold, front thigh skinfold, BMI, the relative body fat percentage. The variables of explosive strength were: vertical jump (VJ, broad jump (BJ and throwing a medicine ball from chest with 3 kg from a standing position. Ward's method of cluster analysis, based on variables of explosive strength we formed four homogeneous groups. Subsequently, using the ANOVA and post-hoc analysis, these groups are differentiated with regard to morphological characteristics. Results: Clusters differed significantly in BJ and VJ. ANOVA found significant differences between clusters in variables of skinfolds, such as the: triceps, abdomen and thigh. Discussion: Defined the influence of morphological variables on explosive strength can be regarded as expected, given that it is primarily about a negative influence of the amount of body fat on relative explosive strength type. This research has shown that junior basketball players in B&H are shorter and ligther when compared to top-level European juniors (Jelicic et al., 2002. Subjects with the lowest skinfolds of the upper limbs and body weight, achieved the best results in the manifestation of relative explosive strength, which has so far rarely been found in samples of trained subjects (Milanese et al., 2010. Possible explanations can be required in a number of training, the intensity and quality of training. Although at this point with certainty, we can't determine on which of these factors involved. This can be confirmed by the results of

  18. IMPLEMENTATION OF LEVELS OF INQUIRY ON SCIENCE LEARNING TO IMPROVE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT’S SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. K. Arief

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Scientific literacy is the key learning  outcomes for all students. Based on observation, scientific literacy of student is less facilitated in science  learning.  Learning of levels of inquiry is one of  solution alternative to increase science literacy. So that, that aim of this study to improve scientific literacy for junior high school students through implementing levels of inquiry in science learning with the theme of global warming. This study used a weak experimental with one group pretest-posttest design. The sample in this study are 35 student at 7th  grade at junior high school in Second semester in academic year 2014/2015. The data of this study is taken by scientific literacy test. The results showed that explain phenomena scientifically competence and interpret data and evidence scientifically competence has increased significantly. Meanwhile, evaluate and design scientific enquiry competence is not significantly increased. In addition, the domain knowledge indicates that the three aspects of the knowledge which consist of content knowledge, procedural knowledge, and epistemic knowledge has increased significantly. Literasi sains merupakan hasil belajar kunci bagi semua siswa. Berdasarkan hasil observasi, literasi sains siswa kurang difasilitasi dalam proses pembelajaran IPA di kelas. Pembelajaran levels of inquiry merupakan salah satu alternatif solusi untuk meningkatkan literasi sains. Oleh karena itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa SMP melalui penerapan levels of inquiry pada pembelajaran IPA tema pemanasan global. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen lemah dengan desain penelitian one group pretest-posttest. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 35 siswa kelas VII SMP pada semester genap tahun pelajaran 2014/2015. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui tes literasi sains. Temuan dalam penelitian ini adalah kompetensi menjelaskan fenomena ilmiah dan kompetensi menginterpretasikan data

  19. Effectiveness of Computer Animation and Geometrical Instructional Model on Mathematics Achievement and Retention among Junior Secondary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambari, A. I.; Falode, C. O.; Adegbenro, D. A.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of computer animation and geometry instructional model on mathematics achievement and retention on Junior Secondary School Students in Minna, Nigeria. It also examined the influence of gender on students' achievement and retention. The research was a pre-test post-test experimental and control group…

  20. A Comparative Study of Effect of New and Old Science Curriculum on Chinese Junior High School Students' Abstract Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Weiping; Chen, Ming

    2008-01-01

    "Teenagers' abstract thinking ability test" was designed in accordance with the structure and performance of teenagers' ability to think abstractly. 138 Chinese junior high school students who learned New curriculum and old curriculum separately were measured. A comparison between the two kinds of students shows that abstract thinking…

  1. Parental Involvement, Interest in Schooling and Science Achievement of Junior Secondary School Students in Ogun State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olatoye, R. A.; Ogunkola, B. J.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the relative and combined influences of parental involvement and interest in schooling on science achievement of selected Junior Secondary School students in Ogun State, Nigeria. Twelve secondary schools were selected from the four administrative divisions of the State. A sample of 360 students participated in the study and…

  2. Employing Microsoft Live@edu Cloud Platform to Assist in Teaching Chinese Reading for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Ru-Chu; Cho, Chia-Liang; Tsai, Chih-Cheng; Lou, Shi-Jer

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate junior high school students' learning attitudes and learning effectiveness through administering Microsoft Live@edu to assist in teaching Chinese reading. Quasi-experimental approach was used and a total of 63 eighth grade students were divided into the experimental group (N = 32) and control group (N = 31).…

  3. Inquiry Based Learning Model Natural Phenomena to Improve The Curiousity and Mastery of Teh Concept of Junior High School Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleh Hadiryanto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the increase curiousity and mastery of the concept of junior high school students after participating in inquiry learning based on the natural phenomenon of motion plant material. The method used is experiment using a randomized design Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. In the conduct of research, classroom-based inquiry learning experiments using natural phenomena and grade control using conventional learning. The instrument used is the concept mastery tests and questionnaires curiousity students. The results of calculation of N-gain scores showed a rise curiousity and mastery of concepts students both in the experimental and control groups, but the increase in the experimental group was higher than the control group. Through two different test average showed a significant difference curiousity improvement and mastery of concepts students at level α of 0.05 between students who learn by inquiry-based learning and the study of natural phenomena with conventional learning. Increased curiousity and mastery of concepts students learn the natural phenomena based inquiry learning in the experimental group is higher than that of learning through conventional teaching in the control group.

  4. Effect of a supportive-educative program in the math class for stress, anxiety, and depression in female students in the third level of junior high school: An action research

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Seyedeh Emamjomeh; Masoud Bahrami

    2015-01-01

    .... This in turn might lead to stress, anxiety, depression, and other health-related problems. There are a very limited number of action research studies to identify the effect of stress management techniques among students...

  5. Differences in Men's and Women's ESL Writing at the Junior College Level: Consequences for Research on Feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Lori A.

    1998-01-01

    A study of features of men's and women's English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) compositions (linguistic accuracy, readability, conformity to assignment guidelines) among a group of junior college students in Quebec found the two groups' writing of comparable linguistic quality. Superior marks received by women were found attributable to the way they…

  6. The prevalence and related factors of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C-J; Chen, Y-C; Sung, H-C; Hsieh, T-C; Lee, M-S; Chang, C-Y

    2015-10-01

    Nursing students have particularly experienced stressful lives during nursing education. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate depressive symptoms and related factors in junior college nursing students. A total of 625 nursing students from a junior college in Taiwan were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Adolescent Depression Inventory, Situational Anxiety Scale and the Taiwanese-Chinese version of Stress in Nursing Students Scale. The results showed that (1) the prevalence of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students was 32.6%; (2) depressive symptoms are significantly related to grade point average, interest in nursing, interest in their clinical placement, career planning after graduation, overeating as a stress-relief strategy, sleep problems, stress, and anxiety; and (3) anxiety, sleep quality, and stress are three major variables that can significantly predict depressive symptoms. Psychological factors may influence young nursing students' willingness to seek assistance from teachers. These factors should be considered when designing strategies to promote their emotional health and well-being. Nursing educators can plan appropriate strategies tailored to junior college nursing students' problems and needs, which thereby may facilitate learning experience and prevent depressive symptoms.

  7. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-08-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas about the shape and size of the atom and the evolution of these ideas over 2 years. The study's sample size was 126 students, including 76 sixth-grade and 50 seventh-grade students. The educational curriculum and relevant literature guided the development of a questionnaire that consisted of three open-ended questions intended to determine students' knowledge of the structure and physical properties of the atom. After administering the questionnaire, collected data were analysed qualitatively. The study shows that students had difficulty developing a mental image of the atom, and contrary to the conclusions of other studies, students demonstrated a preference for working with complex and abstract models.

  8. [Development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizu, Kenichiro; Shimoda, Yoshiyuki

    2013-08-01

    This study reports about the development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students. Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008) for children and adolescents aims not only to monitor and differentiate emotions but also to measure attitudes about emotions. It consists of six factors: differentiating emotions, verbal sharing of emotions, not hiding emotion, bodily awareness, attending to others' emotion, analyses of emotions. To examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the EAQ, junior high school students (7th to 9th grades) were requested to complete the questionnaires (n = 535 in time 1, n = 537 in time 2, n = 330 in time 3). The results showed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had almost the same six-factor structure as the original one. It also had moderate internal consistency and test-retest reliability (three weeks). The validity of the scale was examined in relation to emotional intelligence, social anxiety, depression, psychological stress responses, evaluation of emotions, self esteem and sense of authenticity. The results confirmed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had good validity.

  9. Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshii Hatsumi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stigma toward schizophrenia is a substantial barrier to accessing care and adhering to treatment. Provisions to combat stigma are important, but in Japan and other developed countries there are few such provisions in place that target parents of adolescents. The attitudes of parents are important to address as first schizophrenic episodes typically occur in adolescence. In overall efforts to develop an education program and provisions against stigma, here we examined the relationship between stigma toward schizophrenia and demographic characteristics of parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan. The specific hypothesis tested was that contact and communication with a person with schizophrenia would be important to reducing stigma. A questionnaire inquiring about respondent characteristics and which included a survey on stigma toward schizophrenia was completed by 2690 parents. Results The demographic characteristics significantly associated with the Devaluation- Discrimination Measure were family income, occupation, presence of a neighbor with schizophrenia, and participation in welfare activities for people with mental illness (p Conclusions Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students was in fact significantly stronger among members of the general public who had had contact with individuals with schizophrenia. In addition, stigma was associated with family income.

  10. Senior Citizens and Junior Writers--A Center for Exchange: Retired Professionals as Writing Laboratory Tutors for Students Enrolled in Upper-Level Pre-Professional University Writing Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleimann, Susan; Meyers, G. Douglas

    The writing center at a Maryland university prepares third-year students for nonacademic, preprofessional writing by using retired professionals as tutors. These tutors are trained by discussing readings centered around the Aristotelean schema of ethos, logos, and pathos and the more recent conception of writing as a problem-solving process. The…

  11. An outbreak of food-borne gastroenteritis due to sapovirus among junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usuku, Shuzo; Kumazaki, Makoto; Kitamura, Katsuhiko; Tochikubo, Osamu; Noguchi, Yuzo

    2008-11-01

    The human sapovirus (SaV) causes acute gastroenteritis mainly in infants and young children. A food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with SaV occurred among junior high school students in Yokohama, Japan, during and after a study trip. The nucleotide sequences of the partial capsid gene derived from the students exhibited 98% homology to a SaV genogroup IV strain, Hu/Angelholm/SW278/2004/SE, which was isolated from an adult with gastroenteritis in Solna, Sweden. An identical nucleotide sequence was detected from a food handler at the hotel restaurant, suggesting that the causative agent of the outbreak was transmitted from the food handler. This is the first description of a food-borne outbreak associated with the SaV genogroup IV strain in Japan.

  12. Sleep patterns and impulse control among Japanese junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Takeru; Hagihara, Akihito; Nobutomo, Koichi

    2010-10-01

    Adolescents with decreased impulse control exhibit behavioral problems. Lifestyles are related to impulse control. However, the relations of sleep patterns and impulse control among adolescents are unknown. Thus we examined how sleep patterns were associated with impulse control among Japanese junior high school students. Surveys were completed by a nationwide sample of 1934 students. A significant association between decreased impulse control and bedtimes after midnight was revealed. Specific lifestyle factors related to bedtimes after midnight were older age, greater numbers of hours spent watching television, lack of participation in an extracurricular activity, greater use of convenience stores, and increased attendance at cram schools. This study revealed that going to sleep after midnight was significantly related to decreased impulse control among adolescents. Data about specific lifestyle factors related to going to sleep after midnight should be useful in preventing those behaviors demonstrated by school children that derive from decreased impulse control.

  13. The Status of Preventive Behaviors in Traffic Accidents in Junior High School Students in Isfahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, Leila; Tavazohi, Hossein; Shirdavani, Soheila; Heidari, Kamal; Nobari, Reza Fadaei; Kelishadi, Roya; Yalverdi, Narges

    2014-01-01

    Background: Population growth and use of the car in daily life entails new incidents and accidents everyday. Adolescents’ entering the new world of adults, their insufficient knowledge of rules, and high-risk behaviors expose them to more risks. Accordingly, a study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the status of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents in boy and girl junior high school students in Isfahan regarding vehicle use. Methods: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 7000 junior high school boy and girl students from 20 towns in Isfahan Province using multi-stage cluster sampling method in 2009–2010. A researcher-made questionnaire was used as data collection tool, which evaluated students’ practice and preventive behaviors with 21 questions, each examining students’ practice in accidents and incidents that may occur in school and on the way to school. Data were analyzed with Epi 6 and SPSS software using t-test and Chi-square test. Results: Girls comprised 49.9% of students and 50.1% were boys, 84% lived in urban areas and 15.5% in rural areas. The frequency of an accident location was school in 53.9% with 3739 cases and on the way to school in 10.6% with 732 cases. Mean practice score of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents involving cars, taxi, and school bus (72.6 ± 17.52 girls, 72.7 ± 18.31 boys, P = 0.88), motorbike (79.1 ± 14.048 girls, 74.1 ± 19.73 boys, P traffic rules training, particularly how to cross the street. PMID:26157568

  14. The Role of Neuroticism and Perceived School-Related Stress in Somatic Symptoms among Students in Norwegian Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murberg, Terje A.; Bru, Edvin

    2007-01-01

    The present study investigated the role of neuroticism and perceived school-related stress in somatic symptoms among a sample of 327 (167 females and 160 males) students in two Norwegian junior high schools. The results suggest that the role of neuroticism on somatic symptoms may be overestimated, and that the role of stress may be underestimated…

  15. Study the Effectiveness of Technology-Enhanced Interactive Teaching Environment on Student Learning of Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai-Ti; Wang, Tzu-Hua; Chiu, Mei-Hung

    2015-01-01

    This research investigates the effectiveness of integrating Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) into the junior high school biology teaching. This research adopts a quasi-experimental design and divides the participating students into the conventional ICT-integrated learning environment and IWB-integrated learning environment. Before teaching, students…

  16. Rural Junior Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Classroom Learning Environments and Their Attitude and Achievement in Mathematics in West China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xinrong

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports findings from a survey of how rural junior secondary school students in the western part of China perceive their mathematics classroom learning environments and associations of learning environment with their attitudes toward mathematics and mathematics achievement. Using adaptations of the widely-used What Is Happening In this…

  17. The Impact of Lack of Resources on Declining Students' Enrolments in Design and Technology in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaotlhobogwe, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Lack of resources has resulted in declining students' enrolment in design and technology in Botswana junior secondary schools by up to 6% per year over 10 years, despite positive encouragement by the government. Based on the PATT (pupils' attitude towards technology) theoretical framework this study indicated how a lack of resources in Botswana…

  18. Correlates of Alcohol and Marijuana Use among Junior High School Students: Family, Peers, School Problems, and Psychosocial Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBroom, James R.

    1994-01-01

    Analyzes survey data from over 400 junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 to determine the relations among family drug use factors; peer drug use factors; school problems; psychosocial concerns; alcohol, marijuana, and other drug use; and abstinence. (SLD)

  19. A new method for teaching physical examination to junior medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayma M

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Meelad Sayma, Hywel Rhys Williams Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, UK Introduction: Teaching effective physical examination is a key component in the education of medical students. Preclinical medical students often have insufficient clinical knowledge to apply to physical examination recall, which may hinder their learning when taught through certain understanding-based models. This pilot project aimed to develop a method to teach physical examination to preclinical medical students using “core clinical cases”, overcoming the need for “rote” learning. Methods: This project was developed utilizing three cycles of planning, action, and reflection. Thematic analysis of feedback was used to improve this model, and ensure it met student expectations. Results and discussion: A model core clinical case developed in this project is described, with gout as the basis for a “foot and ankle” examination. Key limitations and difficulties encountered on implementation of this pilot are discussed for future users, including the difficulty encountered in “content overload”. Conclusion: This approach aims to teach junior medical students physical examination through understanding, using a simulated patient environment. Robust research is now required to demonstrate efficacy and repeatability in the physical examination of other systems. Keywords: physical examination, undergraduate, case-based approach 

  20. How to Correctly Analyze the Characteristics of the Students in Junior Middle School Sports Teaching%初中体育教学中如何正确分析学生特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜涛

    2014-01-01

    初中体育教学的效果不仅关系到学生的升学成绩,更会影响学生的身心健康发展。初中生正处在身体发育的关键阶段,学生情绪容易受青春期波动的影响。为了提高学生的体育水平,必须正确分析学生特点,制定合理的教学方案。因此,初中体育教学必须立足实际教学,对学生特点认真分析,提高教学质量,推进初中体育教学不断发展。%The junior middle school sports teaching effect is not only related to the student academic achievement, but will also affect the physical and mental health of students. Is at the key stage of physical development of junior middle school students, the students are easily influ-enced byadolescent emotional fluctuations. In order to improve the student's sports level, must correctly analyze the characteristics of students, establishrational teaching plan. Therefore, the junior middle school sports teachingmust be based on the actual teaching, careful analysis of the characteristics of the students, improve teaching quality, promote thedevelopment of sports teaching in junior middle school.

  1. Implementation literacy strategies on health technology theme Learning to enhance Indonesian Junior High School Student's Physics Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feranie, Selly; Efendi, Ridwan; Karim, Saeful; Sasmita, Dedi

    2016-08-01

    The PISA results for Indonesian Students are lowest among Asian countries in the past two successive results. Therefore various Innovations in science learning process and its effectiveness enhancing student's science literacy is needed to enrich middle school science teachers. Literacy strategies have been implemented on health technologies theme learning to enhance Indonesian Junior high school Student's Physics literacy in three different health technologies e.g. Lasik surgery that associated with application of Light and Optics concepts, Ultra Sonographer (USG) associated with application of Sound wave concepts and Work out with stationary bike and walking associated with application of motion concepts. Science learning process involves at least teacher instruction, student learning and a science curriculum. We design two main part of literacy strategies in each theme based learning. First part is Integrated Reading Writing Task (IRWT) is given to the students before learning process, the second part is scientific investigation learning process design packed in Problem Based Learning. The first part is to enhance student's science knowledge and reading comprehension and the second part is to enhance student's science competencies. We design a transformation from complexity of physics language to Middle school physics language and from an expensive and complex science investigation to a local material and simply hands on activities. In this paper, we provide briefly how literacy strategies proposed by previous works is redesigned and applied in classroom science learning. Data were analysed using t- test. The increasing value of mean scores in each learning design (with a significance level of p = 0.01) shows that the implementation of this literacy strategy revealed a significant increase in students’ physics literacy achievement. Addition analysis of Avarage normalized gain show that each learning design is in medium-g courses effectiveness category

  2. The Effect of Focus Strategies on ADHD Students' English Vocabulary Learning in Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Khalili Sabet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. ADHD is also among the most prevalent chronic health conditions affecting school-aged children"(American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000. Too many young girls are not getting the help they need because of hidden symptoms and late diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of focus strategies on vocabulary learning of ADHD students at two junior high schools. To this end, eight female ADHD and eight normal students from two public schools were assigned to the both control group and the experimental one. The quantitative data was gathered from each student and was analyzed through 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA in a factorial arrangement with two repetitions. An orthogonal test was used to compare the strategies that were used in the control group (word list and the experimental group (key word method, concentration, making sentences and fold overs. The instrument of this study contained a questionnaire sent to the parents and English teachers, an interview with a psychologist, a pre-test and a post-test. The results indicated that the four focus strategies in the experimental group increased the vocabulary learning in ADHD students for the short term retention and this increase was significant in the first focus strategy (key word method and mostly the last one (fold overs in the normal and ADHD students. The mean scores of control group were lower than the treatment group both in the normal and ADHD students. The results of delayed post-test revealed that although focus strategies improved the scores of the normal students compared to the ADHD students, this difference was not significant. Keywords: ADHD, focus strategies, Key word method, fold overs, attention, two-way ANOVA

  3. Impact of the mobile phone on junior high-school students' friendships in the Tokyo metropolitan area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamibeppu, Kiyoko; Sugiura, Hitomi

    2005-04-01

    The proportion of having keitai (Japanese mobile phone) has increased rapidly in young children. To research how junior high school students use their own keitai and to examine the impact of using it on their psychology, especially on their friendship, we recruited 651 students, grade 8, from five public junior high schools in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Each student participant completed a questionnaire that we had created. The response rates were 88.8% (n = 578) for participants. The proportion of having their own keitai was 49.3% (n = 285) and that of not having it was 50.7% (n = 293). We found that they used it much more frequently for e-mail than as a phone. Most of them exchanged e-mails between schoolmates, and more than a half of them exchanged e-mails more than 10 times a day. Sociable students estimated that their own keitai was useful for their friendship. But they experienced some insecurity or started staying up late at night engaged in e-mail exchanges, and they thought that they could not live without their own keitai. Our findings suggest that keitai having an e-mail function play a big part in the junior high-school students' daily life, and its impact on students' friendships, psychology, or health should be discussed among students to prevent keitai addiction.

  4. Multivariate Effects of Level of Education, Computer Ownership, and Computer Use on Female Students' Attitudes towards CALL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, Mehrak; Yadollahi, Samaneh

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was investigating Iranian female students' attitude towards CALL and its relationship with their level of education, computer ownership, and frequency of use. One hundred and forty-two female students (50 junior high-school students, 49 high-school students and 43 university students) participated in this study. They filled…

  5. A Web-Based Peer-Assessment Approach to Improving Junior High School Students' Performance, Self-Efficacy and Motivation in Performing Arts Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsia, Lu-Ho; Huang, Iwen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a web-based peer-assessment approach is proposed for conducting performing arts activities. A peer-assessment system was implemented and applied to a junior high school performing arts course to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A total of 163 junior high students were assigned to an experimental group and a…

  6. Small Groups: Student Productive Interactions in Learning Cooperative (Case Study of Mathematics Learning at Junior High School in Pakis, Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Tri Utaminingtyas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the process of student interaction in solving problems through cooperative learning. The subject of this research are 7th grade students of a junior high school in Malang, Indonesia. Data were collected by recording directly when learning takes place especially when pairing or forming small groups. This interaction is built with heterogeneous student skills. The results showed that the interaction that occurs in students provides an understanding of the concept of opportunity. Consequently, the students solved the problem correctly. This interaction is known as productive interaction.

  7. Books as a means for stimulating language development of junior primary-school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovačević-Gavrilović Vera

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the use of diversified literature for enhancing speech culture in school is recognized and highlighted in Serbian language teaching. In order to find out what selections of literature junior students make and whether free choice of literature results in acquisition of verbal contents and development of verbal expressiveness, we examined the retelling of a previously read text, since this form of verbal behavior is predominantly used for developing students’ verbal expressiveness in primary school. The study was conducted on a sample comprising the first, second, third, and fourth grade students of an urban primary school (30 respondents in each group, total = 120. The aim was to register, during the students’ retelling, the number and the production of newly acquired words and the correctness of the sentences used. The linguistic material used in the research contained fairy tales, fables, short stories and books that children had spontaneously selected. The analysis showed that books are a useful tool for enhancing both vocabulary expansion and elaboration of sentence structures. When analyzing the results of this type the distinction must be made between the attainment of students who only reproduce expressions and structures and those who productively use new words and structures. .

  8. Feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in junior secondary school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Linda Y K; Chong, Yeuk Lan; Li, Ngai Yin; Li, Man Chung; Lin, Lai Na; Wong, Lee Yi; Wong, Brian Kit; Yip, Wing Ping; Hon, Cho Hang; Chung, Pui Kuen; Man, Shuk Yee

    2013-04-01

    Stress is common in junior secondary school students (JSSS). This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in JSSS. A non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 69 JSSS was recruited. The experimental group (n = 32) joined a Chen-style Tai Chi programme, which included 10 sessions of 80-minute Tai Chi training (one session per week). The control group (n = 37) proceeded with self-study. Participants' stress levels were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale. Feasibility was determined as the percentage of participants completing and attending the programme. Effectiveness was measured as the significant difference in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. Results preliminarily supported that the programme was feasible for JSSS. Completion rate was 100%, and attendance rate was 90%. However, no significant difference was noted in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. The potential health benefits of Tai Chi could not be detected owing to the restrictions imposed by the research setting and study limitations. The present study represents initial efforts in this direction and serves as reference for future study. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its correlating lifestyle factors in Japanese female junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazama, Mie; Maruyama, Keiko; Nakamura, Kazutoshi

    2015-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is a common menstrual disorder experienced by adolescents, and its major symptoms, including pain, adversely affect daily life and school performance. However, little epidemiologic evidence on dysmenorrhea in Japanese adolescents exists. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of and identify factors associated with dysmenorrhea in Japanese female junior high school students. Among 1,167 girls aged between 12 and 15 years, 1,018 participants completed a questionnaire that solicited information on age at menarche, menstruation, and lifestyle, as well as demographic characteristics. Dysmenorrhea was defined based on menstrual pain using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), with moderate or severe (moderate-severe) dysmenorrhea, which adversely affects daily life, defined as VAS ≥ 4, and severe dysmenorrhea defined as VAS ≥ 7. The prevalence of moderate-severe dysmenorrhea was 476/1,018 (46.8%), and that of severe dysmenorrhea was 180/1,018 (17.7%). Higher chronological and gynecological ages (years after menarche) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of dysmenorrhea regardless of severity (P for trend students. Health education teachers should be made aware of these facts, and appropriately care for those suffering from dysmenorrhea symptoms, absentees, and those experiencing difficulties in school life due to dysmenorrhea symptoms.

  10. Analysis of junior high school students' attempt to solve a linear inequality problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taqiyuddin, Muhammad; Sumiaty, Encum; Jupri, Al

    2017-08-01

    Linear inequality is one of fundamental subjects within junior high school mathematics curricula. Several studies have been conducted to asses students' perform on linear inequality. However, it can hardly be found that linear inequality problems are in the form of "ax + b interviews. The other sources of the data are from teachers' interview and mathematics books used by students. After that, the constant comparative method was used to analyse the data. The result shows that the majority approached the question by doing algebraic operations. Interestingly, most of them did it incorrectly. In contrast, algebraic operations were correctly used by some of them. Moreover, the others performed expected-numbers solution, rewriting the question, translating the inequality into words, and blank answer. Furthermore, we found that there is no one who was conscious of the existence of all-numbers solution. It was found that this condition is reasonably due to how little the learning components concern about why a procedure of solving a linear inequality works and possibilities of linear inequality solution.

  11. Awareness of ionizing radiation exposure among junior doctors and senior medical students in radiological investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abuelhia, Elfatih

    2017-03-01

    The awareness and knowledge of ionizing radiation exposure in radiological investigations among junior doctors and medical students were studied. The participants were year four to year six senior medical students enrolled at University of Dammam and interns in King Fahad University Hospital. The survey consisted of 22 questions designed online using the software 'QuestionPro' licensed to the University of Dammam. 100 hard copies were also distributed manually and collected. A total of 221 (88.5%) questionnaires were completed. 213 participants viewed, 151 started and 128 (84.7%) completed online. 93% of the distributed samples were completed. Overall knowledge was poor; 44% and 19% of the respondents thought incorrectly that MRI and ultrasound emit ionizing radiation, respectively. Respondents (92%; n  =  203) underestimated the dose of abdominal spiral computed tomography (CT) and 4% thought no ionizing radiation involved in CT. 59% of respondents underestimated the radiation doses in nuclear medicine; bone scan 87%, PET/CT scan 67%, thyroid isotope scan 45% and PET scan 36%. 47% of the subjects had attended formal lectures, tutorials or workshops on radiation protection while 53% (n  =  119) had not. For future education the majority stated they would prefer tutorials or workshops (42.3%) or problem-based learning/case studies (32.4%), while web-based modules would be their last choice (8.1%).

  12. The prevalence of obesity and wasting and their correlation with food intake in female junior school students in Zahedan, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzaneh Montazery Fard

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: By considering important role of nutrition in children and teenagers’ health, their nutritional status are determined as obesity and wasting using weight and height. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and wasting and their relationship to food intake in female students of junior schools in Zahedan. Methods: In a descriptive analytical cross-sectional study, 687 female students from junior schools were selected by multiple stage sampling method. After recording the participants’ demographic data, their weight and height were measured for body mass index (BMI calculation according to standard method. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS and National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES II data and a 48-hour recall questionnaire were used. Results: Of the surveyed girls, 16.9%, 31.7% and 13.2% were wasted, under weight and stunted, respectively 8.7% and 1.7% were over weight and obese, respectively. The mean of energy intake was 1502.1±415.7 kcal/d in the students which is less than the recommended dietary allowances (RDA and there were no balances in daily intake of protein, carbohydrate and lipids. In respect to energy and protein intake, 94.1% and 26.6% of students had deficiency, respectively. On the other hand, findings showed iron (72.1%, calcium (99.8%, phosphorus (83.6%, zinc (84.3%, vitamin A (63.8% and B12 (66.5% intake deficiencies. Conclusion: The female students of junior schools of Zahedan do not have a proper nutritional status according to physical state, energy, protein, and micronutrients intakes and they are at the risk of wasting and underweight. Therefore, we suggest implementation of programs for nutritional support and designing of proper patterns of food consumption to improve female junior students’ nutritional status.

  13. The Effect of Thematic Classes on English Vocabulary Learning: A Study of Iranian Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Mahmoudi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to verify the effect of thematic classes on English vocabulary learning. Thematic class is an educational project, which recently started to be used in junior high schools in Iran. The ministry of Education in Iran has launched the project of thematic classes to improve learning in 2010 with the hope of copying with some of the educational problems so that students experience deeper learning.  For subjects of the study, 90 7th grade students of junior high school in Taybad, Khorasan e Razavi were selected. Three groups were used in this study: two experimental groups and one control group. Each group consisted of 30 female students, who settled randomly in the groups, respectively. Their range of age was between 13 and 14. A vocabulary-based test, which was designed by the researcher, was used as the main measurement tool in the study to evaluate the students' achievement in the course. The course lasted 10 weeks, two sessions per week. The results reflected the positive effect of thematic classes on vocabulary learning. Therefore, educational implication of thematic class for junior high school is suggestible. Keywords: Thematic Class, Cooperative Learning, Vocabulary, Visual Aids, Audio Visual Aids, Motivation

  14. The possibilities of musical activity in the formation of moral values ​​among the visually impaired junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktoriya Varaksina

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper reveals the possibility of music in the formation of moral values ​​among the visually impaired junior high school students through activation of emotional, cognitive and behavioral components.

  15. [Snacking behavior among elementary and junior high school students and its relationship to stress-coping].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimai, S; Kawabata, T; Nishioka, N; Haruki, T

    2000-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate current problems of snacking behavior and their relationship to stress coping among 1,486 fourth through ninth grade students from 10 elementary schools and six junior high schools. An anonymous self-completed questionnaire was utilized which included items about 1) selection of snack foods, which were classified into healthy, popular, complementary and western-style snacks, 2) problems of snacking behavior, which included external and emotional eating scores, and 3) stress coping scale. The stress coping scale contained two sub-scales; problem-focused and emotion-focused coping. The results were as follows: 1) Students who frequently went without breakfast did not select healthy foods, i.e., fruits and dairy products, but popular snacks, i.e., potato chips, pop corn and sweet beverage. 2) Both external and emotional eating scores increased by age in girls but was not apparent in boys. 3) Students who preferred either western-style or popular snacks showed higher score of external and emotional eating. 4) The score of problem-focused coping was positively correlated with preference for health snacks, but emotion-focused coping was positively correlated with external and emotional eating scores. The close relationship between snack food selection and problematic aspects of eating behavior suggests that modification of eating behavior is necessary to develop healthy snack habits in early adolescents. Also, it is interesting that snacking behavior is closely related to stress coping, which suggested the behavioral intervention for healthy eating habit should be included in development of stress-coping skills against various kinds of demands in life.

  16. Prevalence of asymptomatic sacroiliac joint dysfunction and its association with leg length discrepancies in male students in selected junior secondary schools in Ibadan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayanniyi, O; Raji, F S; Adegoke, B O A

    2008-03-01

    Sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) and leg length discrepancies are commonly associated with each other and the two entities are often implicated as possible precursors of a number of musculoskeletal disorders in the general population. This study investigated the prevalence of asymptomatic sacroiliac joint dysfunction (ASIJD), leg length discrepancy (LLD) and the association between the two entities in male students in selected junior secondary schools in Ibadan. Two hundred and three male junior secondary school students aged 10-15 years participated in this study. Participants were screened for SIJD using four standardized palpatory tests and for real and apparent leg length discrepancies using standardized tape measure techniques. Chi-square test was used to investigate the association between ASIJD and prevalence of LLD at alpha level of 0.05. The prevalence of ASIJD among participants in this study was 21.7%. Sixty five percent and 52.0% of the participants had real and apparent LLD > or = 0.5 cm respectively. The 26.0% prevalence of ASUJD among participants with real LLD > or = 0.5 cm was significantly higher than prevalence in those with apparent LLD. We concluded that one out of every five male students in the study population had ASIJD and this was significantly associated with RLLD.

  17. The Efficacy of Web-Based Multimedia Education of Normal Electrocardiogram in Junior and Senior Medical Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariborz Akbarzadeh

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Wide spread availability of internet made the web based education as a real module for training under -graduate medical students. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web based multimedia education in normal electrocardiography. Methods: In a semi-experimental study and based on the educational programs of medical students in their inpatient training courses, the normal electrocardiogram selected for web based multimedia education. The materials necessary to teach normal electrocardiogram were provided and multimedia was prepared for installing into computers. Two groups of medical students, 30 in each group in their cardiology service (senior and junior students were selected. Mean while the intervention group studied the multimedia for an hour and for comparison group classroom - based education was done. At the end of study all students answered to atwenty question questionnaire about normal electrocardiogram. Results: The percentage of correct answers in intervention and comparison groups was 72% and 71% respectively. The prevalence of correct answer for junior students in intervention and comparison group was 68% and 67% respectively. The percentage for senior students was 73% and 75%. Conclusion: Like other studies, this study showed the multimedia training can be as effective as the routine classroom based learning. Web based multimedia education is as efficient as classroom based education and can be used as a suitable alternative to conventional methods of training.

  18. Age at menarche in relation to anthropometric characteristics, competition level and boat category in elite junior rowers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claessens, A L; Bourgois, J; Beunen, G; Philippaerts, R; Thomis, M; Lefevre, J; Loos, R J E; Vrijens, J

    2003-01-01

    Within the context of the effects of training for sports on growth and maturation, there is very little menarcheal data for elite rowing athletes. Knowledge of the relationship of the maturational status with training level, different boat categories, and somatic features of the athletes will clarify the assumed impact of rowing training on the growth and maturational process of youngsters. The aim of this study was to determine the age at menarche in world top junior rowing athletes and to investigate its relationship with anthropometric characteristics, and competition level, rowing style and boat category. The sample consisted of 212 female junior rowers, with a mean chronological age of 17.6 +/- 0.8 years, all participants at the 1997 FISA World Junior Rowing Championships. Anthropometric dimensions, somatotype and body composition characteristics were measured, and age at menarche and training data were retrospectively obtained by questionnaires. Results revealed that the mean age at menarche of the total group of rowers was 12.8 +/- 1.2 years and did not differ from a non-athletic reference population. Rowers who started their rowing training before menarche (n = 78) showed a significant (p athletes.

  19. Peer-Mentored Research Development Meeting: A Model for Successful Peer Mentoring among Junior Level Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santucci, Aimee K.; Lingler, Jennifer H.; Schmidt, Karen L.; Nolan, Beth A. D.; Thatcher, Dawn; Polk, Deborah E.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: This report describes a model for the development, process, and tracking methods of a Peer-mentored Research Development Meeting (PRDM), an interdisciplinary peer mentoring program. The program was initiated in 2004 by a group of postdoctoral scholars and junior faculty from the Schools of the Health Sciences at the University of…

  20. Training and Confidence Level of Junior Anaesthetists in CPR- Experience in A Developing Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desalu Ibironke

    2008-01-01

    There is low confidence among junior anaesthetists in Nigeria in performance of CPR, poor knowledge of ECG interpretation of cardiac arrest rhythm and little practice in defibrillation. The establishment of a Resuscitation council would ensure adequate and frequent training which would improve knowledge, boost confidence and result in better patient care.

  1. Low visual information-processing speed and attention are predictors of fatigue in elementary and junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamano Emi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fatigue is a common complaint among elementary and junior high school students, and is known to be associated with reduced academic performance. Recently, we demonstrated that fatigue was correlated with decreased cognitive function in these students. However, no studies have identified cognitive predictors of fatigue. Therefore, we attempted to determine independent cognitive predictors of fatigue in these students. Methods We performed a prospective cohort study. One hundred and forty-two elementary and junior high school students without fatigue participated. They completed a variety of paper-and-pencil tests, including list learning and list recall tests, kana pick-out test, semantic fluency test, figure copying test, digit span forward test, and symbol digit modalities test. The participants also completed computerized cognitive tests (tasks A to E on the modified advanced trail making test. These cognitive tests were used to evaluate motor- and information-processing speed, immediate and delayed memory function, auditory and visual attention, divided and switching attention, retrieval of learned material, and spatial construction. One year after the tests, a questionnaire about fatigue (Japanese version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale was administered to all the participants. Results After the follow-up period, we confirmed 40 cases of fatigue among 118 students. In multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for grades and gender, poorer performance on visual information-processing speed and attention tasks was associated with increased risk of fatigue. Conclusions Reduced visual information-processing speed and poor attention are independent predictors of fatigue in elementary and junior high school students.

  2. A study to assess the knowledge about sexual health among male students of junior colleges of an urban area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayant Ramchandra Kalkute

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sexuality is an important part of personality of adolescents. The age of sexual debut is falling globally. The subject of adolescent sexuality is taboo in most societies. Since 2007 sexual health education program has been banned in six states including Maharashtra and Karnataka. This may lead to misconceptions about sexual heath knowledge and practices among young people. Objective: The aim was to assess the knowledge about sexual health among male students of junior colleges of an urban area and to evaluate the change in their knowledge after imparting sexual health education. Settings and Design: Pre-post-intervention study. Materials and Methods: All 245 male students of 11 th standard of all three educational streams of two junior colleges were included in the study. The data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences 18. Results: Science students had "adequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared to arts and commerce students (P = 0.004. Students whose parents were unskilled and semiskilled by occupation had "inadequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared with students whose parents were skilled by occupation (P < 0.05. Education of parents had positive effect on the knowledge about sexual health of students (P = 0.062. In posttest, the knowledge about sexual health of students was found to have increased significantly when compared to pretest. The mean posttest score was 12.61 (standard deviation [SD] 3.12, which was significantly higher than the mean pretest score of 6.34 (SD 3.23 (P < 0.001. Students from nuclear families had "adequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared to students from joint families (P = 0.158 Conclusion: Imparting knowledge about sexual health in adolescent age will be beneficial to the students in avoiding risky sexual behavior. Such educational programs must be given due importance to achieve desirable behavior change among them.

  3. English language proficiency and other factors influencing mathematics achievement at junior secondary level in South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howie, Sarah J.; Plomp, Tjeerd

    2001-01-01

    South Africa participated in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)in 1995 and its repeat in 1999. In 1995, none of the data on school or teacher level could be analyzed to provide the context for the students' poor achievements in mathematics and science. With the 1999 data n

  4. Factors influencing student nurses' career choices after preceptorship in a five-year junior nursing college in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Whei-Mei; Chuang, Shu-Hui

    2008-05-01

    This study was conducted to explore the influence factors of a preceptorship in career choices following student nurses' graduations. A total number of 326 student nurses in their fifth year of junior nursing college were selected as participants. A validated and reliable questionnaire was used in this study. Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) for windows for percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation. The results showed that: (1) the first five factors influencing student nurses' career choices were good unit environment, nurse's professional role, self-professional knowledge deficiency, nurse's professional knowledge, and patient's and family's good feedback; (2) the correlation between the chosen field of practice and willingness to work after graduation showed a strong relationship in all areas. Notably, the preceptorship had an impact on student nurses selecting a nursing career. These results can give nurse educators guidance in preparing student nurses as they enter the work force.

  5. A Brief Study of Junior High School Students' English Articulatory Problems in Baoji Area%A Brief Study of Junior High School Students'English Articulatory Problems in Baoji Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马卉

    2016-01-01

    Study of Articulation is a key factor in teaching English. By a brief research, some English articulatory problems are seen among junior middle school students in Baoji which mainly lie in misuttering the voiced labiodental, the dentals and,and misuttering nasal是 as for the reasons of transfer, evaluation system, teacher factors and learner factors. The author analyses the articulatory problems and puts forward the solutions to the problems as eliminating the negative transfer by massive practice,increasing learners' motivation and needs, and improving teachers' expertise to improve the learners'performance in English learning.

  6. 浅析初中生主体性教育%On Junior High School Students' Subjective Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜晓晗

    2016-01-01

    Quality education is the main subject of education, the student body shaping personality, to promote modern education student body behavior characteristics and capacity development. From the perspective of the main body sex education expounded the connotation, features, analyzes the role of the current status of junior high ideological and political education and the main ideological and political education in junior high school education, the main ideological education requirements prominent student learning in-itiative, independence, creativity, requires the establishment of a new type of teacher-student relationship.%主体性教育是素质教育的主体,是塑造学生主体人格,推动学生主体行为特征和能力发展的现代教育。本文从主体性教育的视角阐述了主体性教育的内涵、特点,分析了当前初中思想政治教育现状及主体性教育在初中思想政治教育中的作用,主体性教育思想要求突出学生学习的主动性、独立性、创造性,要求建立新型的师生关系。

  7. 初中生的心理理论与欺侮行为的关系研究%On the Relationship between Psychological Theory and Bullying of Junior School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺婧菲

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate bullying and the development of Theory of Mind ( TOM for short ) in junior school students ,and explore the relationship between TOM development of junior school students and the bullying .Methods:Using Chinese translation of “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Test and Olweus children Bully/Victim Questionnaire to survey 295 junior school students .Results:(1) Compared with a-dults junior school students ’ TOM development lives in lower-middle level; ( 2 ) Junior school students are divided into four categories according to the bullying type of standard :bully,being bullied,dual identi-ty,as well as those not involved .Students not involved in the bullying are in the majority ,followed by be-ing bullied and bully .The dual identity shares the number of the smallest proportion ;(3) Along with jun-ior school students from low to high ,grade the level of theory of mind in general showed a rise in the trend of development and compared with first-year students’ TOM development,that of the second-year students is enhanced more significantly; ( 4 ) Significant negative correlation was found between junior school students ’ TOM level and bullying .Conclusion:Junior high school students ’ TOM level can be used to predict bullied situation .%目的:考察初中生欺侮行为及心理理论发展状况,探究初中生心理理论发展水平与欺侮行为的关系。方法:采用“眼任务”中文翻译版和Olweus儿童欺侮问卷对295位初中学生进行测查。结果:(1)初中生心理理论发展水平相对成人中等偏下;(2)在初中生欺侮行为的参与状况调查中,未卷入者占绝大多数,被欺侮者次之,再次为欺侮者,双重身份者所占比例最小;(3)初中生从低到高年级的心理理论水平总体呈上升发展的趋势,其中初二年级较初一年级心理理论水平显著增强;(4)初中生心理理论水平与其是否为欺侮者显著负相关。

  8. Mathematizing Process of Junior High School Students to Improve Mathematics Literacy Refers PISA on RCP Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardono; Mariani, S.; Hendikawati, P.; Ikayani

    2017-04-01

    Mathematizing process (MP) is the process of modeling a phenomenon mathematically or establish the concept of a phenomenon. There are two mathematizing that is Mathematizing Horizontal (MH) and Mathematizing Vertical (MV). MH as events changes contextual problems into mathematical problems, while MV is the process of formulation of the problem into a variety of settlement mathematics by using some appropriate rules. Mathematics Literacy (ML) is the ability to formulate, implement and interpret mathematics in various contexts, including the capacity to perform reasoning mathematically and using the concepts, procedures, and facts to describe, explain or predict phenomena incident. If junior high school students are conditioned continuously to conduct mathematizing activities on RCP (RME-Card Problem) learning, it will be able to improve ML that refers PISA. The purpose of this research is to know the capability of the MP grade VIII on ML content shape and space with the matter of the cube and beams with RCP learning better than the scientific learning, upgrade MP grade VIII in the issue of the cube and beams with RCP learning better than the scientific learning in terms of cognitive styles reflective and impulsive the MP grade VIII with the approach of the RCP learning in terms of cognitive styles reflective and impulsive This research is the mixed methods model concurrent embedded. The population in this study, i.e., class VIII SMPN 1 Batang with sample two class. Data were taken with the observation, interviews, and tests and analyzed with a different test average of one party the right qualitative and descriptive. The results of this study demonstrate the capability of the MP student with RCP learning better than the scientific learning, upgrade MP with RCP learning better compare with scientific learning in term cognitive style of reflective and impulsive. The subject of the reflective group top, middle, and bottom can meet all the process of MH indicators are

  9. Can nursing students' confidence levels increase with repeated simulation activities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummings, Cynthia L; Connelly, Linda K

    2016-01-01

    In 2014, nursing faculty conducted a study with undergraduate nursing students on their satisfaction, confidence, and educational practice levels, as it related to simulation activities throughout the curriculum. The study was a voluntary survey conducted on junior and senior year nursing students. It consisted of 30 items based on the Student Satisfaction and Self-Confidence in Learning and the Educational Practices Questionnaire (Jeffries, 2012). Mean averages were obtained for each of the 30 items from both groups and were compared using T scores for unpaired means. The results showed that 8 of the items had a 95% confidence level and when combined the items were significant for p confidence and active learning. Based on these findings, it can be assumed that repeated simulation experiences can lead to an increase in student confidence and active learning.

  10. Using positive youth development constructs to design a drug education curriculum for junior secondary students in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Ching Man; Lau, Patrick S Y; Law, Ben M F; Poon, Y H

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines the design of a new curriculum for positive youth development (P.A.T.H.S. II) in Hong Kong. The paper discusses the conceptual base for designing a drug-education curriculum for junior-secondary students using four positive youth development constructs--cognitive competence, emotional competence, beliefs in the future, and self-efficacy. The program design is premised on the belief that adolescents do have developmental assets; therefore, the curriculum is designed to develop their psychosocial competencies. The goal of the curriculum is to develop the selfhood of these youths and ultimately achieve the goal of successful adolescent development.

  11. Clinical competencies and index system of junior college nursing students%护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力指标体系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To identify the clinical competencies of junior college nursing students, so as to provide bases for training goals and evaluating junior college nursing students. Methods Delphi method was used in this study, and the clinical competencies were identified through two rounds of expert consultation. Results The clinical competencies that junior college nursing students should have included three first - level indicators and 29 secondary - level indicators. The first - level indicators were clinical nursing abilities, nursing management and scientific abilities, nursing occupation quality. Conclusion The coefficients of experts'enthusiasm, the extent of authority, the concentration and harmonization of experts'opinions are relatively high, so the evaluation criteria system is reliable and can provide guidance for junior college nursing students training.%目的 探讨护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力,为护理大专生培养目标的制定、临床能力的评价提供依据.方法 应用德尔菲法就护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力进行2轮函询.结果 护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力包括临床护理能力、护理管理与科研能力、护理职业素质3个一级指标及29个二级指标.结论 专家积极性、权威程度及专家意见的集中程度和对指标评价结果的一致程度均较高,显示研究结果可信程度较高,可以为护理大专毕业生的培养提供指导.

  12. Prevalence and Impact of Cyberbullying in a Sample of Indonesian Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaria, Triantoro

    2016-01-01

    In recent years cyberbullying has become widespread throughout junior high schools around the world, resulting in high numbers of adolescents affected by cybervictimization. Cybervictimization is associated with negative psychological health outcomes. The objective of the present study was to examine the impact and prevalence of cybervictimization…

  13. The Development of Learning Devices Based Guided Discovery Model to Improve Understanding Concept and Critical Thinking Mathematically Ability of Students at Islamic Junior High School of Medan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuliani, Kiki; Saragih, Sahat

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to: 1) development of learning devices based guided discovery model in improving of understanding concept and critical thinking mathematically ability of students at Islamic Junior High School; 2) describe improvement understanding concept and critical thinking mathematically ability of students at MTs by using…

  14. A Comparative Study of the Use of Persian vs. English in Teaching English Grammar to Iranian Students in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrseresht, Kowsar; Gowhary, Habib; Azizifar, Akbar

    2015-01-01

    This study compared the relationship between the use of Persian vs. English in teaching English grammar to Iranian students and their achievement in learning English grammar. The participants of this study include 50 female students from a junior high school in Mehran. The researcher randomly selected 2 groups, one group was taught through the…

  15. Characteristics of eighth-grade students who initiate self-care in elementary and junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, K M; Richardson, J L; Danley, K L; Hansen, W B; Sussman, S Y; Brannon, B; Dent, C W; Johnson, C A; Flay, B R

    1990-09-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine whether children who care for themselves for longer periods of time are at increased risk of poor grades, truancy, anger, family conflict, stress, risk-taking, and peer influences (in addition to the increased risk of substance use previously reported). Demographic characteristics of eighth-grade students who initiate self-care in junior high school are compared with those initiating self-care in elementary school. Further, increased risks for those initiating self-care in elementary school are examined. Over two thirds of the respondents (67.8%) cared for themselves after school without adult supervision at some time during the week; 23.5% for 1 to 4 hours per week, 15.7% for 5 to 10 hours per week, and 28.6% for 11 or more hours per week. Of those in self-care, 48.5% initiated self-care during elementary school and 51.5% during junior high school. Students who were in the highest category of self-care (greater than or equal to 11 hours per week) vs those in self-care zero hours per week were 1.5 to 2 times as likely to score high on risk-taking, anger, family conflict, and stress, to be more likely to see their friends as their major source of influence, and to attend more parties. The self-reports of academic grades did not differ. The grade of initiation of self-care (elementary vs junior high school) conferred additional risk for drinking alcohol (odds ratio = 1.4), risk-taking tendencies (odds ratio = 1.5), and attending parties (odds ratio = 1.6).

  16. Problem-based learning at the receiving end: a 'mixed methods' study of junior medical students' perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maudsley, Gillian; Williams, Evelyn M I; Taylor, David C M

    2008-11-01

    Qualitative insights about students' personal experience of inconsistencies in implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) might help refocus expert discourse about good practice. This study explored how junior medical students conceptualize: PBL; good tutoring; and less effective sessions. Participants comprised junior medical students in Liverpool 5-year problem-based, community-orientated curriculum. Data collection and analysis were mostly cross-sectional, using inductive analysis of qualitative data from four brief questionnaires and a 'mixed' qualitative/quantitative approach to data handling. The 1999 cohort (end-Year 1) explored PBL, generated 'good tutor' themes, and identified PBL (dis)advantages (end-Year 1 then mid-Year 3). The 2001 cohort (start-Year 1) described critical incidents, and subsequently (end-Year 1) factors in less effective sessions. These factors were coded using coding-frames generated from the answers about critical incidents and 'good tutoring'. Overall, 61.2% (137), 77.9% (159), 71.0% (201), and 71.0% (198) responded to the four surveys, respectively. Responders perceived PBL as essentially process-orientated, focused on small-groupwork/dynamics and testing understanding through discussion. They described 'good tutors' as knowing when and how to intervene without dominating (51.1%). In longitudinal data (end-Year 1 to mid-Year 3), the main perceived disadvantage remained lack of 'syllabus' (and related uncertainty). For less effective sessions (end-Year 1), tutor transgressions reflected unfulfilled expectations of good tutors, mostly intervening poorly (42.6% of responders). Student transgressions reflected the critical incident themes, mostly students' own lack of work/preparation (54.8%) and other students participating poorly (33.7%) or dominating/being self-centred (31.6%). Compelling individual accounts of uncomfortable PBL experiences should inform improvements in implementation.

  17. On Student Body Discourse Space in Junior High School Composition Teaching%初中作文教学中的学生主体话语空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一丁

    2015-01-01

    写作对于初中生综合语文素养的提高具有很重要的意义,写作教学是语文教学的重要组成部分。明确初中生作为主体在初中作文教学中的地位,将话语权归还给学生,在校园活动、社会生活、自然环境中为学生创造以学生为主体的话语空间,加强初中生写作技巧的同时也不能忽略了学生本身的话语权。%Writing for junior high school students to improve overall language literacy has very important significance, writ-ing teaching is an important part of language teaching. While clearly dominant position as a junior high school students in junior high school teaching of writing and will be returned to the student the right to speak, to create student-centered dis-course space for students in campus activities, social life, the natural environment, strengthen writing skills of junior high school students can not ignoring the voice of the students themselves.

  18. The comparison of Missouri mathematics project and teams games tournament viewed from emotional quotient eight grade student of junior school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setyawan, Indra; Budiyono, Slamet, Isnandar

    2017-08-01

    This research was a quasi-experimental research with 2 × 3 factorial design. It aimed to determine the learning model between Missouri Mathematics Project (MMP) and Teams Games Tournament (TGT) that gave the best achievement on mathematics subject viewed from emotional quotient. The population of this research were all of Junior High School students at the 8th grade in Surakarta City, Central Java, Indonesia in academic year 2016/2017 which applied KTSP curriculum. The sample was taken by using stratified cluster random sampling. The data were collected by using methods of documentation, emotional quotient questionnaires, and mathematics achievement test. Data analysis technique used two ways analysis of variance (ANOVA) with unequal cell. According to the research findings, it could be concluded that: (1) students' mathematics achievement which were taught by using MMP is as good as emotional quotient achievement which were taught by using TGT in straight-line equation material, (2) mathematics achievement of students with high emotional quotient is better than students with medium and low emotional quotient, and mathematics achievement of students with medium emotional quotient is as good as students with low emotional quotient in straight-line equation material, (3) in each learning model, mathematics achievement of students with high emotional quotient is better than students with medium and low emotional quotient, and mathematics achievement of students with medium emotional quotient is as good as students with low emotional quotient in straight-line equation material (4) in each category of high and medium emotional quotient, student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using MMP is better than student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using TGT and in low emotional quotient student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using MMP is as good as student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using TGT in straight

  19. A Follow-up Study on the Characteristics and Opinions of Students Enrolled in Occupational Education Programs or in University-Parallel Programs at Tarrant County Junior College District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarrant County Junior Coll. District, Ft. Worth, TX.

    To measure the success of the recently opened Tarrant County Junior College, a follow-up study was conducted to determine personal characteristics of students, their opinions of their studies at this school, and their post-Tarrant County Junior College activities. Surveys were designed for a group of students who had taken at least one…

  20. The relationship of individual and family factors to the psychological well-being of junior high school students living in urban poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Haan, L G; MacDermid, S

    1998-01-01

    This study examined the contribution of individual and family factors to psychological adjustment in a sample of junior high school students living in urban poverty. Identity development and perceived parental treatment were hypothesized to serve as mediating, or protective, factors between economic hardship and levels of self-esteem, depression, and loneliness. Consistent with the hypotheses, identity development did serve as a mediator between poverty and psychological adjustment. While perceived parental treatment was not related to economic hardship, it was clearly associated with well-being in this sample. Findings are discussed in terms of the differing contributions of family and individual development, as well as the importance of mediators in assessing the effects of poverty on young adolescents.

  1. Contraceptive behavior as risk factor for reproductive health of junior students attending a medical university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.N. Govyazina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available 1–3 year students attending medical and preventive faculty of a medical university were our research object. Our research had many stages, and at the first one our goal was to examine and to assess basic behavioral risks for reproductive health of students attending medical and preventive faculty of a medical university. We conducted a sociological examination via questioning. 428 students were questioned as per materials collecting program which included 74 parameters; they accounted for 91.6 % out of the overall official number of students, 45.0 % male students and 40.0 % female students combined work and studies. We detected that, as per questioning results, the specific weight of students who took care of their health amounted to 79.2 % boys and 95.2 % girls. However, the students tended to have bad habits, i.e. constant alcohol intake or smoking. And although information on diseases prevention and on how to pursue healthy lifestyle was perfectly available to them, students didn't try to use it and preserve their health. All the respondents said they were against abortion. Girls were likely to adopt a complex approach when choosing a contraceptive, they resorted to hormonal agents, and, with their partners' consent, to condoms. But they often took hormonal agents without any consultations with a gynecologist or an endocrinologist. Contraceptives were rather rarely applied, and students appeared to have no knowledge on risk factors causing reproductive health deterioration. They also tended to be negligent and too self-confident when it came to reproductive health protection. A risk of abortions was very high for girls who didn't use contraceptives, and also all students ran rather high risk of catching sexual diseases. Sexual education is needed to correct contraceptive behavior; medical workers are a main source of information on reproductive health of young people in 7–10 % cases only. We need to create interactive educational programs

  2. A survey of how and why medical students and junior doctors choose a career in ENT surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhutta, M; Mandavia, R; Syed, I; Qureshi, A; Hettige, R; Wong, B Y W; Saeed, S; Cartledge, J

    2016-11-01

    To ascertain determinants of an interest in a career in ENT surgery through a survey of medical students and junior doctors. A survey was administered, comprising Likert scales, forced response and single option questions, and free text responses, at five different courses or events for those interested in a career in ENT. The survey had an 87 per cent response rate; respondents consisted of 43 applicants for national selection, 15 foundation doctors and 23 medical students. The most important factors that encourage ENT as a career included: the variety of operative procedures, work-life balance, inherent interest in this clinical area and inspirational senior role models. Exposure to ENT in undergraduate or post-graduate training is critical in deciding to pursue this specialty. It is important to promote those aspects of ENT surgery that attract people to it, and to argue for greater exposure to ENT during undergraduate and post-graduate training.

  3. Mathematical visualization process of junior high school students in solving a contextual problem based on cognitive style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utomo, Edy Setiyo; Juniati, Dwi; Siswono, Tatag Yuli Eko

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this research was to describe the mathematical visualization process of Junior High School students in solving contextual problems based on cognitive style. Mathematical visualization process in this research was seen from aspects of image generation, image inspection, image scanning, and image transformation. The research subject was the students in the eighth grade based on GEFT test (Group Embedded Figures Test) adopted from Within to determining the category of cognitive style owned by the students namely field independent or field dependent and communicative. The data collection was through visualization test in contextual problem and interview. The validity was seen through time triangulation. The data analysis referred to the aspect of mathematical visualization through steps of categorization, reduction, discussion, and conclusion. The results showed that field-independent and field-dependent subjects were difference in responding to contextual problems. The field-independent subject presented in the form of 2D and 3D, while the field-dependent subject presented in the form of 3D. Both of the subjects had different perception to see the swimming pool. The field-independent subject saw from the top, while the field-dependent subject from the side. The field-independent subject chose to use partition-object strategy, while the field-dependent subject chose to use general-object strategy. Both the subjects did transformation in an object rotation to get the solution. This research is reference to mathematical curriculum developers of Junior High School in Indonesia. Besides, teacher could develop the students' mathematical visualization by using technology media or software, such as geogebra, portable cabri in learning.

  4. Predictors of intention to smoke among junior high school students in Shanghai, China: an empirical test of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Chendi; Cai, Yong; Ma, Jin; Li, Na; Zhu, Jingfen; He, Yaping; Redmon, Pamela; Qiao, Yun

    2013-01-01

    Adolescent smoking is a worldwide problem that is particularly severe in low- and middle-income countries. Many endogenous and environmental factors affect the intention to smoke, so a comprehensive model is needed to understand the significance and relationship of predictors. The study aimed to test the associations among information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model constructs as predictors of intention to smoke in junior high school students in Shanghai, China. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 16,500 junior high school students in Shanghai, China. Data on tobacco-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors were collected from students. Structural equation model (SEM) was used to assess the IMB model. The mean age of participants was 13.8 years old (standard deviation = 1.02; range 11-17). The experimental smoking rate among junior high school students was 6.6% and 8.7% of the participants expected that they would be smokers in 5 years. The IMB model provided acceptable fit to the data (comparative fit index = 0.984, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04). Intention to smoke was predicted by behavioral skills (β = 0.670, P intention to smoke and it suggests future interventions among junior high school students should focus on improving motivation and behavioral skills.

  5. The Effect of Diet on Learning of Junior High School Students in Mashhad, North-east of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Saeidi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Since nutrition, especially in childhood and adolescence is an important effect on intelligence and learning, so that malnutrition delayed to later periods of life, so that these people during the course of studies, will have many problems, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutrition on student learning. Materials and Methods This study was a cross-sectional study  that was conducted. The sample size was  all students that studying in a boarding school in  five district of  Mashhad-Iran. The valid and reliable questionnaire, consisted of 19 questions and specialized feeding habits of the students. Data were analyzed with spss-13 software. Results 90 students participated in the study guide. 48.9 % were second grade  and 51.1 % were third grade of  Junior High School. 24.4% of students in their grade point average were between was between 15-13; 65.6%  were 15-18 and also 10% of them their grade point average were between 18-20. 67.8% of students said that they love so much sweetmeat and 61.1% of students with food, pickles and salt used as high. Results showed that 38.8% of students had used too much salt in food, and on the other hand, 27.8% of students had used salt moderate. Results showed that students who had a grade average lower, the consumption of fish, red and white  meat, green and orange vegetables and dairy products were lower than the other students (p

  6. Overcoming Junior High School Students' Misconceptions About Microscopic Views of Phase Change: A Study of an Analogy Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Chin-Chung

    1999-03-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of an analogy activity, which was designed to overcome junior high students' misconceptions about the microscopic views of phase change. Eighty Taiwanese 8 th graders were randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. For the control group, the subjects were instructed through traditional teaching whereas for the experimental group, an analogy activity was conducted on students. This specific analogy activity was presented in the form of role-playing in which students acted as particles and worked together to perform the conditions of phase changes. Through analyzing these students' drawings of the atom arrangements for the three states of some substances, it was found that the students of experimental group, though in many cases, did not perform statistically better than did those of control group in an immediate posttest. The comparisons of a delay test between these two groups indicated that the analogy activity had clearly positive impacts on students' conceptual change on these scientific concepts in terms of long-term observations.

  7. Impact of the FUTURES series. [The impact of using the FUTURES Series on junior high school students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the FUTURES series in affecting junior high school students' attitudes towards math and careers. FUTURES is a series of 12 programs designed to encourage positive attitudes in students towards math and science. The series illustrates their relevance to a variety of careers. The programs are hosted by Jaime Escalante and targeted to seventh to 12th grade students, with a special focus on minority students. This study looked at the long-term effects of the FUTURES series under classroom conditions. This study was designed to measure the effectiveness of the series in: (1) increasing positive attitudes toward math and science in school; (2) motivating students to have more positive attitudes about their future careers; (3) widening the possible choices of careers that involve the use of math and science; and, (4) creating an understanding of the relevance of math and science to careers and daily life. In addition, this study examined the appeal of the series, the students' understanding of program content, and how the series was used in the classroom.

  8. Geological field study for science education on Elementary and Junior high school student, in Shimane prefecture, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, I.

    2011-12-01

    The importance of learning at field has been increasing in the elementary and the junior high school in Japan. And, an environmental education is one of the important subjects even in the school education, too. It was important, as for science education, understanding with actual feeling and learning were specified as for the Teaching outlines (the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) of the new science textbook of the elementary and the junior high school as well. However, It is a little actual situation that there is in an opportunity for the field learning enforced in the school lesson by the investigation of JST (Japan Science and Tecnology Agency). This tendency is strong as much as school of the city and that circumference. I have this cause think that there are a few suitable places for learning to observe geological and biological field near school. In addition, below two is pointed out as a big problem to obstruct the execution of field learning. 1) A natural experience isn't being done sufficient as much as a teacher can teach to the student. 2) It doesn't have the confidence that a teacher teaches a student geology and biology at the field. I introduce the practical example of geological field learning at the public elementary school of the Shimane prefecture by this research. Though it is the place where nature is comparatively rich even in Japan, it can't be said that field learning is popular in Shimane prefecture. A school teacher has to learning experience at field, and he must settle confidence to guide a student at the field. A specialist in the university and the museum must support continuous learning for that to the school teacher.

  9. The weak relationship between anatomy competence and clinical skills in junior medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoeman, Scarpa; Chandratilake, Madawa

    2012-01-01

    In modern curricula, the early integration of anatomy and clinical skills education at undergraduate level is seen as important. However, the direct relationship between medical students' competence in anatomy, and their clinical proficiency during early undergraduate years, has scarcely been studied. In this study, the marks for anatomy and clinical skills of three consecutive cohorts of medical students (n = 538 in total) during their first two years were correlated. The anatomy competence was measured using a new marker, the Anatomy Competence Score (ACS) which was calculated with equal contributions from theory knowledge and its practical and clinical application. Proficiency in clinical skills was determined by OSCE performance marks for stations which examined physical examination and practical procedural skills. The possible compounding effect of students' general academic ability was investigated by using the overall performance mark for each student based on their performance in all subjects over the first two years of the medical curriculum. We found that the correlation between anatomy and clinical skills marks was weak to moderate. However, this correlation was virtually nullified once the effect of academic ability was accounted for. Although these findings suggest that anatomy education does not compliment early clinical education, the lack of complexity of clinical problems used in clinical skills assessments (OSCEs) during the early stages may well be the primary contributing factor to this finding.

  10. Effect of Instruction in Emotional Intelligence Skills on Locus of Control and Academic Self-Efficacy among Junior Secondary School Students in Niger State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umaru, Yunusa; Umma, Abdulwahid

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of instruction in emotional intelligence Skills on locus of control and academic self-efficacy among junior secondary school students in Niger state, Nigeria. This study employed a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group, pre-test - post-test design. The population of this study was 105,034 secondary…

  11. Predictors of intention to smoke among junior high school students in Shanghai, China: an empirical test of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chendi Zhu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent smoking is a worldwide problem that is particularly severe in low- and middle-income countries. Many endogenous and environmental factors affect the intention to smoke, so a comprehensive model is needed to understand the significance and relationship of predictors. The study aimed to test the associations among information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB model constructs as predictors of intention to smoke in junior high school students in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 16,500 junior high school students in Shanghai, China. Data on tobacco-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors were collected from students. Structural equation model (SEM was used to assess the IMB model. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 13.8 years old (standard deviation = 1.02; range 11-17. The experimental smoking rate among junior high school students was 6.6% and 8.7% of the participants expected that they would be smokers in 5 years. The IMB model provided acceptable fit to the data (comparative fit index = 0.984, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04. Intention to smoke was predicted by behavioral skills (β = 0.670, P < 0.001 and motivation (β = 0.095, P<0.001 among junior high school students. CONCLUSION: The IMB model provides a good understanding of the predictors of intention to smoke and it suggests future interventions among junior high school students should focus on improving motivation and behavioral skills.

  12. The relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept%初中生人际关系的发展及其与自我概念的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林巧明; 石向实

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept.Method Middle school students interpersonal questionnaire and TSCS were used to survey 2189 junior high school students.Findings Different relationships of grade main effect was found remarkable( F=44.98,P<0.01).Significant differences were found of junior middle school students self concept(F=12.04,P<0.01);Significant correlation was found between different types of interpersonal relationship and self concept(r =0.533,P<0. 01) .Conclusion Junior high school students have good partner relations.The relationship between teachers and students and parent-child relationship development level are low.Junior high school students’ interpersonal relationship development is positively correlated to their self concept.%目的:调查初中生人际关系的情况以及与自我概念的关系。方法采用中学生人际关系调查问卷与田纳西自我概念量表,对2187名初中生进行问卷调查。结果不同人际关系的年级主效应显著(F=44.98,P<0.01);初中生的自我概念存在显著差异( F=12.04,P<0.01);不同类型的人际关系与自我概念显著相关( r=0.533,P<0.01)。结论初中生的同伴关系发展较好,师生关系和亲子关系发展水平较低;初中生人际关系与自我概念显著正相关。

  13. 初中生数学学力测试结果的中日比较及其启示%Comparison and Inspiration for Mathematical Aptitude Test between Chinese and Japanese Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑文; 齐国彪

    2012-01-01

    In order to know the current mathematical aptitude situation of Chinese junior high school students, the mathematical aptitude test question for Japanese junior high school students in 2009 is used for testing a part of third-grade junior high school students in Jilin province, in this paper. The result shows that, average level of mathematical aptitude of junior high school students in our country is higher than Japanese. In addition, the polarity of ours is smaller than them. However, on expression and processing of mathematics, our students are weak than Japanese. Some of Chinese junior high school students, whose understanding on depth and breadth of some mathematical concepts, principles and rules are not enough. Furthermore, our ability on flexible use of knowledge and skills are poor. Therefore, Mathematical education in China should focus on basic mathematical concepts, principles and rules. Moreover, training of mathematical communication skills, and establishing a correct and comprehensive view of the mathematical aptitude should be seriously focused.%运用日本2009年初中数学学力测试题,对吉林省部分初中三年级学生进行测试,以了解中国初中生数学学力的现状.结果表明:中国初中生数学学力的平均水平高于日本,但在“数学地表达和处理问题”方面,中国学生不如日本.中国部分初中生对某些数学概念、原理和法则理解的深度和广度不够,在知识和技能灵活运用方面欠佳.因此,中国初中数学教学应重视学生对基本数学概念、原理和法则的理解;重视培养学生的数学交流能力;重视学生全面学力的培养.

  14. Students as Math Level Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Erik Ottar; Hanghøj, Thorkild; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    The short paper presents preliminary findings from a pilot study on how students become motivated through design of learning games in math. The research is carried out in a Danish public school with two classes of 5th graders (N = 42 students). Over the course of two weeks, the students work...... with a design template for a runner game in the Unity 3D game design engine. The students are introduced to the concept of “flow” (Csikszentmihalyi, 1991) as a game design principle and are asked to design levels for a math runner game, which are both engaging as well as a meaningful way of learning math....... In this way, the students are positioned as “math level designers”, which means that they both have to redesign the difficulty of the runner game as well as the difficulty of the mathematical questions and possible answers....

  15. Students as Math Level Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Erik Ottar; Hanghøj, Thorkild; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik

    The short paper presents preliminary findings from a pilot study on how students become motivated through design of learning games in math. The research is carried out in a Danish public school with two classes of 5th graders (N = 42 students). Over the course of two weeks, the students work...... with a design template for a runner game in the Unity 3D game design engine. The students are introduced to the concept of “flow” (Csikszentmihalyi, 1991) as a game design principle and are asked to design levels for a math runner game, which are both engaging as well as a meaningful way of learning math....... In this way, the students are positioned as “math level designers”, which means that they both have to redesign the difficulty of the runner game as well as the difficulty of the mathematical questions and possible answers....

  16. 通过团体心理咨询提高初中生自我概念水平的研究%Group Counseling for Enhancing Junior Middle School Students' Self-concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春燕; 詹仁碧; 乔梁

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of group counseling for improving self-concept pf junior middle school students. Methods: Group counseling was conducted on 10 selected junior middle school students. All members were assessed by PHCSS, SES and SCCS before and after intervention. Results: Group counseling was found to increase the students' total scores on PHCSS, SES and SCCS, showing significant improvement on their self-esteem, self-consistency and congruence. Conclusion: Group counseling can improve self-concept of junior middle school students.

  17. 分层教学在初中数学中的实践%The Practice of Multi-level Teaching in Junior High School Mathematics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何国弟

    2012-01-01

    长期以来,初中数学教学,由于受班级授课制的束缚,教师从备课、授课、作业、辅导、考查到评价,很少顾及好、中、差各类学生的智能差异,均采用“一刀切”“一锅煮”的方法进行教学,使得优生吃不饱,差生吃不了,中等生吃不好。为此,根据笔者从事数学教学多年来的经验,对分层教学作粗浅归纳。%For a long-term, junior high school mathematics teaching, as a result of the class teaching system to manacle, from preparing lessons, teachers' teaching, homework, counseling, test evaluation, with little regard for good, poor, in all kinds of students intelligence differences, adopt "make it rigidly uniform one-pot" teaching method, students do not have enough to eat, not eat medium raw, not good. Therefore, according to the author' experience over the years in mathematics teaching, this paper discusses multi-level teaching.

  18. The Relationships among Emotional intelligence, Parent-child attachment and Friendship quality of Junior high school students%初中生情绪智力、亲子依恋与友谊质量的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐雪梅

    2013-01-01

    Selecting 600 junior students, we take the Friendship Quality Questionnaire, Emotional Intelligence Scale and Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment to investigate the relationships among emotional intelligence, parent-child attachment and friendship quality of Junior high school students. The research results show that the junior students’ friendship quality is at a high level. Friendship quality and emotional intelligence have significant positive correlation. Friendship quality and parent-child attachment have significant positive correlation. Emotional intelligence has a positive prediction function of friendship. Parent-child attachment quality has a positive prediction function of friendship.%  选取初一到初三学生600名,采用青少年友谊质量问卷、情绪智力问卷和亲子问卷探讨初中生情绪智力、亲子依恋与友谊质量的关系。研究结果表明:初中生友谊质量处于较高水平;初中生友谊质量与情绪智力存在显著正相关;初中生友谊质量和亲子依恋存在显著正相关;情绪智力对友谊质量有正向预测作用;亲子依恋对友谊质量有正向预测作用。

  19. An Approach to Energy Education for High School, Junior High School and Elementary School Students at Aichi Institute of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukita, Kazuto; Ichiyanagi, Katsuhiro; Mori, Tsuyoshi; Goto, Yasuyuki

    This paper discusses the methods of implementation and improvement adopted in the energy education program of “Marugoto Taiken World” (“Total Experience World”) at Aichi Institute of Technology. The program, which is aimed at high school, junior high school and elementary school students, has been carried on at Aichi Institute of Technology for a number of years now, and the authors have been involved in the energy education project for the past four years. During that time, the following four courses have been held : 1) Let's use wind power to generate electricity, 2) Let's use flowers to build a solar battery, 3) Let's use bottles to build a fuel cell battery, 4) Let's make all sorts of batteries.

  20. [Relationship between self-evaluation of their emotions and subjective adaptation to school among junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Yoshiyuki; Ishizu, Kenichiro; Kashimura, Masami

    2014-02-01

    The effect of self-evaluation of emotions on subjective adaption to school was investigated among junior high school students (n = 217: 112 boys, 105 girls) who participated in a questionnaire survey. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that for boys "Infringement and maladjustment" differed based on their self-evaluation of anger and anxiety. For girls, on the other hand, the self-evaluation of anger alleviated psychological stress, worsened the "Relationship with the teacher" and the "Relationship with the class", whereas self-evaluation of anxiety played a role in increasing psychological stress and deteriorating the "Relationship with the class." Furthermore, negatively evaluating either anger or anxiety heightened the "Motivation for learning" in girls. These results suggest that the evaluation of emotions is different in boys and girls and for different emotions.

  1. ATLAS virtual visits to the juniors and seniors students (16-18 years old) of schools of Lala village, Greece.

    CERN Multimedia

    claudia marcelloni

    2012-01-01

    The juniors and seniors students (16-18 years old) of both schools will get together in the school of Lala village at 4th April 2012, to listen to lectures about ATLAS, to do a mini masterclass with the HYPATIA tool, to get a preview of the CERN mini exhibition which will be set up to the town of Patras (about 100km) after a month, and finally to do a virtual visit to ATLAS. The two villages are about 20 kms apart and belong to the wider area of ancient Olympia. This area, but even a much wider area of the Peloponnese was badly damaged by the fires of August 2007, where 67 people died and enormous parts of land, olive trees, forests, houses etc were burnt. The inhabitants and especially the young people are still trying to recover and any event which connects them to the outside world and makes them forget their problems is vital.

  2. Problems of Clinical Education According to Junior and Senior Nursing Students\\' Viewpoint at Qom Nursing and Midwifery School in 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Abbasi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : Clinical education is a dynamic process which plays an important role in training professional nurses. The role of ideal clinical education is undeniable in personal and professional development and clinical expertise of nurses. Nevertheless, students encounter some problems in clinical education. Undoubtedly, awareness of these problems is the first step in reducing them. One of the best and almost reliable sources of assessing such problems are the students themselves. The present study was caried out to assess the clinical education problems from the viewpoints of nursing students studying at their third or fourth year of education at Qom School of Nursing and Midwifery in 2008. Method : The study was a descriptive one in which 53 junior and senior students of nursing participated to answer some clinical education problems of nursing through a self-made questionnaire consisting of 5 domains and 31 questions. Results : The most important problems of clinical education from students' viewpoints included: sufficient clinical practice history among trainers (34%, giving information to the students about their evaluation method before clinical training (26.4%, and reinforcing students' self-confidence at clinical environment (24.5%. Low-importance items were: coordination between educational objectives and Personnel Expectations (50.9%, Welfare Facilities (47.2%, use of educational aids at clinical setting, and enough motivation for Employment at nursing (45.3%. Conclusion : On the basis of the findings of the study, it seems possible to decrease some of the most important problems of nursing students through determining goals and coordinating between educational goals and staff's expectations and preparing welfare and educational equipment for clinical wards.

  3. Teachers and Tea-Fetchers – What the Future Holds for Japan's Junior College Graduates: Female student perceptions of the status, purpose, and value of a Junior College education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WALKER, Patricia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout Japan, enrolments in junior colleges, previously the higher education destination of choice for nearly 500 000 women a year at their peak in 1990, has plummeted recently to half that number. It is therefore of interest to investigate the quality of experience and post-graduation aspirations of the decreasing numbers of women who have elected to take up the short- term route. This study investigates the mission of the junior college in the 21st century, the quality and status of the courses, the extent to which they prepare women for their career goals, and the value of the exit qualification in the employment market. In an intensive period of fieldwork in a small college on the Tokyo/Yokohama borders in the summer of 2005 the views of students and their tutors were elicited. It was found that, on the whole, high numbers of women were resigned to the gendered roles for which they have been socialized throughout their life course but that a growing minority were resolved to use their junior college degree to open up possibilities for further study and enter an arena where their economic outcomes could be expanded.

  4. The Effect of Task-Based Language Teaching on Motivation and Grammatical Achievement of EFL Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Islam NamazianDost

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research sought to investigate the effect of the effect of task-based language teaching on motivation and grammatical achievement of EFL junior high school students of Ahvaz. To fulfill the objectives of the study a Homogeneity test (Oxford Quick Placement Test was administered among 100 students at the junior high school and finally 80 participants were selected. Then, they were divided into two sub­groups, namely control and experimental groups. Before starting the treatment, a validated teacher-made grammar test in terms of the materials supposed to be covered in both groups was administered to them as the pre-test. Moreover, a motivation questionnaire were given to both groups at the beginning and at the end of study. Then the experimental group received the treatment, which was teaching and learning grammar through using task-based language teaching and the control group received traditional teaching which is teaching grammar through instruction on examples and drills proposed by the teacher. After 12 sessions of treatment, the two groups were administered the same teacher-made grammar test as posttest. Data were analyzed by Paired and Independent Samples t-­test. The findings showed that the experimental group significantly performed better than the control group. Generally, the experimental groups outperformed the control groups. Furthermore, the results of motivation questionnaire show that there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups' motivation in the post-test of questionnaire which implies that the experimental group's motivation increased significantly. The results suggest that task-based language teaching can be used in English classes to develop grammar ability among Iranian EFL learners.

  5. Influence of a Non-formal Environmental Education Programme on Junior High-School Students' Environmental Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Daphne; Ben Zvi Assaraf, Orit; Shaharabani, Dina

    2013-02-01

    One of the solutions implemented by schools for conducting value-based environmental education (EE) is outsourcing: allocating external environmental organizations that develop and conduct EE programmes. This study addressed such a programme-the Green Council Programme (GCP)-developed and implemented in schools by the Israeli Society for Protection of Nature. A pre-test/post-test design was used to investigate the influence of participation in the GCP on components of junior high-school students' environmental literacy. Conceptualizations of 'environment', environmental attitudes and sense of ability to act on environmental issues were studied employing quantitative and qualitative tools. Contribution of the programme to the cognitive domain, in developing a systemic understanding of the environment, was limited. On the other hand, participating in this programme heightened students' sensitivity to human-environment interrelationships and developed a more ecological worldview. After the programme, students demonstrated greater perception of humans as part of the environment, an increased sensitivity to human impact on the environment and their value for non-human nature moved from an anthropocentric to a more ecocentric orientation. While students' internal locus-of-control increased, when environmental protection entailed personal economic trade-offs, their support was limited and remained unchanged. The article concludes with recommendations, based on the findings, regarding supplementing the school (science) curriculum with external EE enrichment programmes.

  6. Experience-oriented tobacco-use prevention lecture using a COPD-simulation mask for junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iizuka, Makito; Tomita, Kazuhide; Takeshima, Reiko

    2015-04-01

    We recently developed a mask that simulates the experience of having one of the major diseases caused by tobacco smoking: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here we examined the effects of a tobacco-use prevention lecture accompanied by a pseudo-COPD experience created with this mask on adolescents' attitude toward smoking. Junior high school students (12-13 years old, n=165) in Japan were the subjects. The students attended a 30-min tobacco-use prevention lecture with slides and movie clips and engaged in a light exercise session wearing the COPD-simulation mask for 15min. Before and after the lecture, the students' attitudes toward smoking were evaluated by the Kano test for social nicotine dependence (KTSND). The total KTSND scores decreased significantly from 9.9±4.4 (mean±SD, n=149) to 7.5±5.3 (n=144). Ninety-eight students wore the COPD mask, and their modified Borg scale scores increased significantly from 0.7±1.0 to 3.2±2.1 after exercise (Plecture with the pseudo-COPD experience created by the simulation mask was effective and safe.

  7. A Multi-Level Examination of the Association between Older Social Models in the School Environment and Overweight and Obesity among Younger Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leatherdale, Scott T.; Papadakis, Sophia

    2011-01-01

    Few studies have examined how school characteristics are associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the student- and school-level characteristics associated with being overweight and obese among 12,049 students in grades 9 and 10 ("junior students") attending 76 secondary schools in Ontario, Canada. The sample was…

  8. A Multi-Level Examination of the Association between Older Social Models in the School Environment and Overweight and Obesity among Younger Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leatherdale, Scott T.; Papadakis, Sophia

    2011-01-01

    Few studies have examined how school characteristics are associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the student- and school-level characteristics associated with being overweight and obese among 12,049 students in grades 9 and 10 ("junior students") attending 76 secondary schools in Ontario, Canada. The sample was…

  9. Evaluation of school- and community-based HIV prevention interventions with junior secondary school students in Edo State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Robert; Maticka-Tyndale, Eleanor; Tenkorang, Eric; Holland, Daniel; Gaspard, Adeline; Luginaah, Isaac

    2012-06-01

    This study examined the impact of two interventions delivered in rural communities and schools in Edo State, Nigeria designed to decrease youth vulnerability to HIV infection. The Ministry of Education approved Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) programme delivered in Junior Secondary Schools and a community-based initiative to raise AIDS Competency of rural communities were evaluated using a clustered randomized control trial and mixed qualitative-quantitative methods. Ten schools were assigned to each of three research arms: FLHE programme only, FLHE and community programme, and control. Results demonstrated positive effects on rejection of myths, attitudes related to abstinence and use of condoms, and sexual activity. Confidence in these results is supported by both levels of statistical significance and consistency in patterns of results across different levels of schooling. Results support expansion of delivery of the FLHE programme and development of community-based initiatives as effective methods of reducing youth vulnerability to HIV infection.

  10. Depth and breadth: Bridging the gap between scientific inquiry and high-stakes testing with diverse junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jee Sun Emily

    This study explored how inquiry-based teaching and learning processes occurred in two teachers' diverse 8th grade Physical Science classrooms in a Program Improvement junior high school within the context of high-stakes standardized testing. Instructors for the courses examined included not only the two 8th grade science teachers, but also graduate fellows from a nearby university. Research was drawn from inquiry-based instruction in science education, the achievement gap, and the high stakes testing movement, as well as situated learning theory to understand how opportunities for inquiry were negotiated within the diverse classroom context. Transcripts of taped class sessions; student work samples; interviews of teachers and students; and scores from the California Standards Test in science were collected and analyzed. Findings indicated that the teachers provided structured inquiry in order to support their students in learning about forces and to prepare them for the standardized test. Teachers also supported students in generating evidence-based explanations, connecting inquiry-based investigations with content on forces, proficiently using science vocabulary, and connecting concepts about forces to their daily lives. Findings from classroom data revealed constraints to student learning: students' limited language proficiency, peer counter culture, and limited time. Supports were evidenced as well: graduate fellows' support during investigations, teachers' guided questioning, standardized test preparation, literacy support, and home-school connections. There was no statistical difference in achievement on the Forces Unit test or science standardized test between classes with graduate fellows and without fellows. There was also no statistical difference in student performance between the two teachers' classrooms, even though their teaching styles were very different. However, there was a strong correlation between students' achievement on the chapter test and

  11. An evaluation of applying the 'Critical thinking model' to teaching global warming to junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, J.; Hong, C.; Hsu, Y.

    2013-12-01

    Climate change is a consequence of interaction among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere. The causes of climate change are extremely complicated for scientists to explain. The fact that the global climate has kept warming in the past few decades is one example. It remains controversial for scientists whether this warming is the result of human activity or natural causes. This research aims to lead students to discuss the causes of global warming from distinct and controversial viewpoints to help the students realize the uncertainty and complicated characteristics of the global warming issue. The context of applying the critical thinking model to teaching the scientific concepts of climate change and global warming is designed for use in junior high schools. The videos of the upside concept 'An Inconvenient Truth' (a 2006 documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim) and the reverse-side concept 'The Great Global Warming Swindle' (a 2007 documentary film made by British television producer/director Martin Durkin) about the global warming crisis are incorporated into lessons in order to guide students to make their own decisions appropriately when discussing the earth climate change crisis. A questionnaire, individual teacher interviews and observations in class were conducted to evaluate the curriculum. The pre-test and post-test questionnaires showed differences in the students' knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards the global warming phenomenon before and after attending the lessons. The results show that those students who attended the whole curriculum had a significant increase in their knowledge and behavior factors of global climate (P value post-test questionnaires (P value=0.329). From the individual interviews, the teachers who gave the lessons indicated that this project could increase the interaction with their students during class and improve the efficiency of learning.

  12. A Study on Metacognitive Strategies and Autonomous Learning Ability of Junior High School Students%元认知策略训练与初中生自主学习能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 芦文俊

    2012-01-01

    部分初中生在学习上缺乏有效的学习策略,自我管理学习能力欠缺,自主学习水平偏低。作为一种学习策略,元认知策略的使用水平体现了学生自主学习能力的发展水平。为探索元认知策略训练在培养初中生英语自主学习能力方面的作用及影响,笔者对陕西省户县某中学九年级学生进行了调查。结果表明,实验后,学生的元认知策略使用水平、学习自主性以及语言水平都有大幅度提升,多数学生在学习中能够有效制定学习计划,监控学习过程,评价学习效果,学习自觉性有了很大的提高。%Some junior high school students lack effective learning strategies and the ability of self-control. Their level of autonomous learning need to be improved. This paper aims at exploring the effects and influences of the metacoguitive strategy training on the development of the autonomous learning ability of junior high school students. The author conducted an experiment on the students of two classes in grade nine in a junior school. The result indicates that the use of metacognitive strategies has improved these students significantly on the English autonomous learning ability and the language competence after the students accepted training in metacognitive strategies.

  13. Choose Life! Unborn Children and the Right to Life. Junior High Level: Grades 7-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Catholic Educational Association, Washington, DC.

    This curriculum is designed to assist Catholic school teachers and parish catechists in their efforts to foster a pro-life attitude in students in grades 7 and 8. Following an introduction is the curriculum which features six lessons. These are: (1) Unique in all the world; (2) The first nine months of human life; (3) The hard facts about…

  14. Mathematical disposition of junior high school students viewed from learning styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putra, Arief Karunia; Budiyono, Slamet, Isnandar

    2017-08-01

    The relevance of this study is the growth of character values for students in Indonesia. Mathematics is a subject that builds the character values for students. It can be seen from the students' confidence in answering mathematics problems, their persistent and resilience in mathematics task. In addition, students have a curiosity in mathematics and appreciate the usefulness of mathematics. In mathematics, it is called a mathematical disposition. One of the factors that can affect students' mathematical disposition is learning style. Each student has a dominant learning style. Three of the most popular ones are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. The most important uses of learning styles is that it makes it easy for teachers to incorporate them into their teaching. The purpose of this study was to determine which one that gives better mathematical dispositions among students with learning styles of visual, auditory, or kinesthetic. The subjects were 150 students in Sleman regency. Data obtained through questionnaires. Based on data analysis that has been done with benchmark assessment method, it can be concluded that students with visual learning style has a mathematical disposition better than students with auditory and kinesthetic learning styles, while students with kinesthetic learning style has a mathematical disposition better than students with auditory learning style. These results can be used as a reference for students with individual learning styles to improve the mathematical positive disposition in the learning process of mathematics.

  15. A Project-Based Course on Newton's Laws for Talented Junior High-School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langbeheim, Elon

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that project-based learning promotes student interest in science and improves understanding of scientific content. Fostering student motivation is particularly important in accelerated science and technology programmes for talented students, which are often demanding and time-consuming. Current texts provide little guidance on…

  16. Dietary behavior of junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City%北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2013-01-01

    higher than those of senior high school students( 35.0% , 34.6%, 21.0%,19.0%, respectively) . Mother educational level was positively and negatively correlated with healthy eating habit and unhealthy habit of junior high school students respectively. While Mother educational level was both positively correlated with healthy eating habit and unhealthy habit of senior high school students. [ Conclusion]The grade of student is positively correlated with the unhealthy eating habit of high school students. And mother educational level possesses different effects on junior and senior high school students.

  17. 初中学生自尊水平与学业成就相关研究%CORRELATION RESEARCH BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF JUNIOR MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡志海; 姚兵

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To analyse the correlation of self-esteem and academic achievement among junior middle school Students, and whether there was a significant difference with the level of self-esteem between difference grades, age and gender. [Methods] Questionnaire was used to investigate the Huangshan Junior middle school (grade seven and grade eight) student's self- esteem and academic achievement. Self-esteem questionnaire was Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (SES). Academic performance was adapted to measure academic achievement [Results] The levels of elf-esteem between boys and girls had significant difference, and the level of self-esteem of the girls was significantly higher than the boys'. There was significant difference on the level of self-esteem among the different age groups. With difference of age, self-esteem changes into the inverted U-type. There was a significant positive correlation between self-esteem and academic achievement for the junior middle school students. [Conclusion] Paying attention to academic achievement has adverse effect on self-esteem of junior middle school students.%[目的]分析初中生的自尊水平与学业成就间的相关性,以及不同年级、年龄和性别的学生在自尊水平是否存在差异.[方法]采用问卷调查法,对黄山市初中(七年级、八年级)学生的自尊水平与学业成就进行调查研究,自尊方面问卷采用是Rosenberg(1965)编制的自尊量表(SES),学业成就采用学生的学业成绩作为衡量标准.[结果]女生自尊水平显著高于男生.不同年龄之间的自尊水平有显著性差异,随着年龄的变化,自尊水平成倒U型变化.初中生自尊水平与学业成就存在显著正相关.[结论]学校教育中单纯注重学业成绩的做法已对初中生的自尊发展造成不良影响.

  18. Developing mathematics learning set for special-needs junior high school student oriented to learning interest and achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai Sadidah

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to produce a mathematics learning set for special-needs students (mathematical learning disability and mathematically gifted of Junior High School Grade VIII Second Semester oriented to learning interests and achievement which is valid, practical, and effective. This study was a research and development study using the Four-D development model consisting of four stages: (1 define, (2 design, (3 develop, and (4 disseminate. The quality of learning set consisting of the following three criterions: (1 validity, (2 practicality, and (3 effectiveness.  The data analysis technique used in this study is a descriptive quantitative analysis. The research produced learning set consisting of lesson plans and student worksheets. The result of the research shows that: (1 the learning set fulfill the valid criteria base on experts’ appraisal; (2 the learning set fulfill the practical criterion base on teacher’s and students’ questionnaire, and observation of learning implementation; (3 the learning set fulfill the effectiveness criterion base on learning interest and achievement.

  19. Sexual behavior and intention to engage in sexual behavior in junior secondary school students in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shek, D T L

    2013-06-01

    The present study examined the prevalence, changes, and demographic as well as psychosocial correlates of sexual behavior and intention to engage in sexual behavior in early adolescents in Hong Kong, with sexual behavior indexed by sexual intercourse. Three waves of longitudinal data on sexual intercourse, intention to engage in sexual intercourse, family functioning, and positive youth development were collected from 28 secondary schools in Hong Kong. There were significant influences of grade and gender on adolescent sexual behavior or intention to engage in sexual behavior. Significant main effects of immigration status on sexual behavior were also found. While no effect of family economic background was found, effect of family intactness existed for sexual behavior. Family functioning and positive youth development at Grade 7 were negatively associated with students' sexual behavior and intention to engage in sexual behavior at Grade 9. Grade, gender, immigration status, and family intactness were related to sexual behavior and/or intention to engage in sexual behavior in junior secondary school students. Promoting positive youth development and family functioning could serve as protective factors to reduce sexual behavior and intention to engage in sexual behavior in Chinese early adolescents in Hong Kong. Copyright © 2013 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Turning a Student into a Researcher: Challenges and Strategies of Teaching Research Methods to Environmental Studies and Earth Science Juniors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmochowski, J. E.

    2010-12-01

    Most agree that research is an important aspect of a geoscience undergraduate program, but simply making research opportunities available to undergraduates sometimes is not enough. Teaching research and making research mandatory are often necessary, as these steps can play a vital role in turning a student into a researcher and preparing them for the work force or graduate school. As part of our revised Environmental Studies curriculum in 2008, the Earth and Environmental Science Department at the University of Pennsylvania now teaches a junior seminar on research methods that is mandatory for all Environmental Studies majors, and for all Earth Science majors who wish to do a senior thesis. Since this course has been mandatory, the course has been taught twice, with 11 students the first time and 28 students the second time, and we have seen improvements in the quality of senior theses in our department. The course is broken into three parts: introduction to the importance of research, reading the primary scientific literature and finding a project, and data analysis. There is a corresponding assignment for each section, and the course culminates in the students writing a senior thesis proposal and giving a presentation on their proposal. Assignments 1 and 2 are papers, but in assignment 3 (data analysis) students are given an Excel file with 7 different small datasets, and they use Excel and SPSS to answer several questions about the datasets, employing tools discussed in class (t-test, chi-square test, histogram, standard deviation, linear regression, ANOVA, etc.). From student reviews and questionnaires, we have found that students feel the most helpful aspects of the course are discussions with current seniors about their theses, reading past senior theses and discussing them as a class, guest talks from professors about their research, assignment 2 (writing a literature review), assignment 3 (data analysis), and working in small groups to brainstorm thesis

  1. Development of probabilistic thinking-oriented learning tools for probability materials at junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Dwi Ivayana; Hermanto, Didik

    2017-08-01

    This research is a developmental research of probabilistic thinking-oriented learning tools for probability materials at ninth grade students. This study is aimed to produce a good probabilistic thinking-oriented learning tools. The subjects were IX-A students of MTs Model Bangkalan. The stages of this development research used 4-D development model which has been modified into define, design and develop. Teaching learning tools consist of lesson plan, students' worksheet, learning teaching media and students' achievement test. The research instrument used was a sheet of learning tools validation, a sheet of teachers' activities, a sheet of students' activities, students' response questionnaire and students' achievement test. The result of those instruments were analyzed descriptively to answer research objectives. The result was teaching learning tools in which oriented to probabilistic thinking of probability at ninth grade students which has been valid. Since teaching and learning tools have been revised based on validation, and after experiment in class produced that teachers' ability in managing class was effective, students' activities were good, students' responses to the learning tools were positive and the validity, sensitivity and reliability category toward achievement test. In summary, this teaching learning tools can be used by teacher to teach probability for develop students' probabilistic thinking.

  2. Research of Social Behavior of Junior High School Students with Learning Disabilities%学习困难初中生社会行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳; 马林

    2012-01-01

    选取学困生73名,采用班级戏剧量表对学生的攻击行为、亲社会行为、敏感退缩行为进行测量。结果表明:(1)学困生与非学困生的社会行为存在显著差异,学困生的亲社会行为减少,攻击行为增多;(2)学困生中,男生的攻击行为显著高于女生;(3)随着年级的增加,学困生的亲社会行为与攻击行为有下降趋势,退缩行为略有增多,但差异均未达到显著水平。%elected 73 junior school students with learning disabilities.CPS-R was used to measure student's Pro-social behavior,aggressive behavior,sensitively-back behavior.The study reveals that:(1)students with learning disabilities showed fewer Pro-social behavior and more aggressive behavior;920among students with learning disabilities,aggressive behavior of boys was significant higher than girls.(3) As the grade increased,students with learning difficulties pro-social behavior and aggressive behavior on a downward trend,a slight increase in withdrawn behavior,but the difference did not reach significant levels.

  3. Gender-related differences in reasoning skills and learning interests of junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemesh, Michal

    The purpose of this study was to investigate gender-related differences in the relationship between the development of formal reasoning skills and learning interests during the early adolescent stage. For this purpose, 249 students, from seventh to ninth grade, were assessed for their level of mastery of formal reasoning skills by a test based on videotaped simple experiments. Learning interests were assessed by a written response to an open question. Results showed that adolescent boys develop patterns of formal reasoning before their girl classmates. In addition, boys tend to prefer science and technology subjects, while girls tend to prefer language, social studies, and humanities. Analysis of interactions showed that boys' tendency toward science and technology is positively correlated to their age and development of formal reasoning, while girls' tendency to the above subjects is positively related to their development of formal reasoning capacity, but inversely related to their age. Possible explanations to the above-described findings and suggestions for instructional modes that may increase girls' interest in science and technology are discussed.

  4. Design and Development Computer-Based E-Learning Teaching Material for Improving Mathematical Understanding Ability and Spatial Sense of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurjanah; Dahlan, J. A.; Wibisono, Y.

    2017-02-01

    This paper aims to make a design and development computer-based e-learning teaching material for improving mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students. Furthermore, the particular aims are (1) getting teaching material design, evaluation model, and intrument to measure mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (2) conducting trials computer-based e-learning teaching material model, asessment, and instrument to develop mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (3) completing teaching material models of computer-based e-learning, assessment, and develop mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (4) resulting research product is teaching materials of computer-based e-learning. Furthermore, the product is an interactive learning disc. The research method is used of this study is developmental research which is conducted by thought experiment and instruction experiment. The result showed that teaching materials could be used very well. This is based on the validation of computer-based e-learning teaching materials, which is validated by 5 multimedia experts. The judgement result of face and content validity of 5 validator shows that the same judgement result to the face and content validity of each item test of mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense. The reliability test of mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense are 0,929 and 0,939. This reliability test is very high. While the validity of both tests have a high and very high criteria.

  5. The status of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents in junior high school students in Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Hosseini

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: According to the results obtained, the majority of students walk to school and have the lowest practice score in this respect. It is recommended that as the first step, students be given necessary road traffic rules training, particularly how to cross the street.

  6. Factors Associated with Taiwanese Junior High School Personnel Advising Students to Quit Smoking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ping-Ling; Huang, Wei-Gang; Chao, Kun-Yu

    2011-01-01

    Background: Most smokers in developing countries begin smoking before age 18, and smoking prevalence is rising among adolescents. School personnel represent a target group for tobacco-control efforts because they interact daily with students, are role models for students, teach about tobacco-use prevention in school curricula, and implement school…

  7. Pedagogies for Inclusion of Junior Primary Students with Disabilities in PE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overton, Hannah; Wrench, Alison; Garrett, Robyne

    2017-01-01

    Background: Laws and legislation have prompted movement from special education towards inclusive education, whereby students with disabilities are included in mainstream physical education (PE) classes. It is widely acknowledged that including students with disabilities in PE presents significant challenges in relation to meeting the diverse needs…

  8. Improving Economic Understanding of Students in Junior College Economic Principles Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Saul Zusman; Carr, Glenna D.

    1980-01-01

    Describes a study comparing a conventional textbook/lecture teaching method and a teaching method based on current event readings with lectures and class discussions. The study sought to show whether improvement in students' understanding of economics was influenced by teaching method and selected characteristics of students and teachers. (AYC)

  9. Evaluation of Two Service Opportunity Programs for Junior High School Students: First Year Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    Cross-Age Tutoring and School Store, two courses combining classroom learning and application of specific skills outside the classroom are evaluated. Students in Cross-Age Tutoring were taught tutoring and communication skills and spent four days per week tutoring at nearby elementary schools; students in School Store were taught business and…

  10. How can we make junior business students understand the importance of learning organizational behaviour and management?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecile Asting

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Teaching behavioural subjects to business students is a challenge, increasingly so with growing class sizes. In this paper we focus on these special challenges, particularly drawing attention to how feedback can enhance student learning and understanding. One-to-one feedback is not possible in large classes, but students can receive feedback on their progress through well-planned teaching and learning activities. We implemented a range of different feedback activities in our course to support student learning. Measuring learning effects is difficult and, in this case, comparison of grades was not possible. Our experience, however, led to a somewhat better understanding of what can be done and what needs further development to provide valuable feedback for students in their learning process.

  11. Multicultural and multilingual approach: Mathematics, science, and engineering education for junior high school minority students and high school administrators. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crumbly, I.J.; Hodges, J.

    1994-09-01

    During the 1993 school year, LLNL and the US Department of Energy`s San Francisco Field Office provided funds through grant {number_sign}DE-FG03-93SF20045/A000 to assist Cooperative Developmental Energy Program (CDEP) with its network coalition of high school counselors from 19 states and with its outreach and early intervention program in mathematics, science and engineering for minority junior high school students. The program for high school counselors is called the National Educators Orientation Program (NEOP) and the outreach program for minority junior high school students is called the Mathematics, Science and Engineering Academy (MSEA). A total of 35 minority and female rising eighth grade students participated in the Second Annual Mathematics, Science, and Engineering Academy sponsored by the Cooperative Developmental Energy Program of Fort Valley State College (FVSC). There were 24 students from the middle Georgia area, 4 students from Oakland, California, and 7 students from Portland, Oregon. Each student was selected by counselor in his or her respective school. The selection criteria were based on the students` academic performance in science and mathematics courses.

  12. Defending behaviors, bullying roles, and their associations with mental health in junior high school students: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wen-Chi; Luu, Shyuemeng; Luh, Dih-Ling

    2016-10-10

    Students should be encouraged to help prevent or stop bullying. However, defending victims of bullying can impact on mental health. It is not only bystanders who may defend victims, but bullies, victims and bully-victims can also have defending behaviors. Nevertheless, most studies of defending behaviors have been limited to an examination of the reactions of bystanders or those not involved in bullying and have ignored the other players. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between defending behaviors and mental health among bullies, victims, bully-victims and bystanders. Associations among defending behaviors, mental health (including depressive symptoms and social anxiety), and bullying experiences were cross-sectionally examined in 3441 students (13-15 years old.) from 20 randomly selected junior high schools in Taiwan using a self-report questionnaire. SAS 9.3 Survey Analysis procedures were used to conduct descriptive analysis and multiple regression models. Defending behaviors were associated with bullying roles and were higher in victims than in bullies or bystanders. Defending behaviors were positively associated with social anxiety and depressive symptoms. After stratifying by bullying roles, defending behaviors were positively associated with social anxiety in bystanders, and were positively associated with depressive symptoms in victims and bystanders. However, defending behaviors were not significantly associated with mental health indicators in bullies. The associations between defending behaviors and mental health varied according to bullying roles. The results suggest that bystanders and victims experience more mental health effects than bullies. Intervention programs aimed at preventing bullying should focus on strategies that minimize social anxiety and depression in victims and bystanders, and urge students to help vulnerable peers during bullying events.

  13. On Home-school Collaboration Treatment of Junior Students' Internet Addiction%论初中生网络成瘾的家校协同治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱梦杰; 张典兵

    2015-01-01

    初中生作为网络成瘾人群中的主体,其所表现出的各种问题行为已经引发了社会各界的普遍关注.初中生网络成瘾的预防与应对,重点在家庭,关键在学校.家长和教师要立足于亲子关系与师生关系的改善,从改变家庭环境与学校环境开始,遵循正面教育与启发诱导的原则,采用多种行之有效的方法和策略,协同治理初中生的网络成瘾问题.%Junior high school students as the main body of Internet addiction crowd, they exhibit behavior problems has sparked widespread concern in the community. Junior high school students Internet addiction prevention and response, with emphasis on the family, the key to the school. Parents and teachers should be based on improving the parent-child relationship with the teacher-student relationship, from changes in the home environment and school environment began to follow the positive education and enlightenment and guidance of the principle, using a variety of proven methods and strategies, collab-orative governance junior high school network addiction.

  14. [Surveillance study on use of over-the-counter drug and health food by school pharmacist for grade-schooler, junior high school student, and high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anraku, Makoto; Tomida, Hisao; Sato, Eiji; Tabuchi, Norihiko; Yoshitomi, Hironori; Okamura, Nobuyuki; Taguchi, Katsuhide; Kondo, Yuko; Murakami, Nobuyuki

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, it is necessary to acquire knowledge not only about medicine but also over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and health food for children, because lowering trend in the age of the health hazard by improper use of health food is reported. Therefore, in order to estimate the extent of use of OTC drugs and health food, the school pharmacists administered a questionnaire to students in grade-school (n=123), junior high school (n=303), and high school (n=115) in Fukuyama city. As a result of the questionnaire survey, surprisingly, the usage ratio of OTC drugs and health food showed the most increase in grade-schooler. The trigger of use of health food is "parents' recommendations" in the lower grades, otherwise the ratio of "use by themselves" was increased in the higher grades. Moreover, a remarkable difference was observed by the kinds of use in students with or without exercise. Interestingly, exercise group expected "physical strength" effects than no exercise group. In addition, the ratio of consultation to the pharmacist at the time of purchase of OTC drugs and health food was low in all grade students. In particular, the ratio of consultation to the pharmacist at the time of purchase of health food was very low in high school students. Therefore, to provide accurate information of medicine and health food for students, the school pharmacist should engage not only in routine work but also in positive guidance about OTC drugs and health food in the future.

  15. Junior High School Students' Motivation Regulation Strategies and Their Relationship with Math Scores%初中生学习动机调节策略及其与数学成绩的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎丹丹; 李肖静; 唐丽洁

    2015-01-01

    本研究采取方便取样方法,使用《初中生动机调节策略问卷》对河南省176名初中生进行施测。结论:初中生对于动机调节策略的使用频率基本处于中等水平,平均分在2.95到3.66之间。男女生在总平均分及各个维度的平均分上,女生都优于男生。动机调节策略总平均分、表现目标唤起维度平均得分对数学成绩有显著的正向预测效应。%This study adopted convenience sampling method and made a survey among 176 junior high school students in He'nan Province using a "Junior High School Students Motivation Regulation Strategies Questionnaire". Conclusion:The frequency of junior high school students using motiva-tion regulation strategies is substantially at the middle level, with the average score between 2.95 and 3.66. In the over-all average and the average score for each dimension, the girls are better than boys. The total average score of using motivation regulation strategies, and average score of perfor-mance targets arousal dimension have significantly positive predictive effect on the math scores.

  16. Influences of Teaching Methods and Personality on Junior College Students in Macroeconomic Principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Saul Z.; Carr, Glenna D.

    1979-01-01

    Results of a study indicate that beginning courses in college economics should be taught with fewer lectures and more student involvement. Current events and group activities should be an integral part of classes. (Author/KC)

  17. THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF HEALTH SAVING BEHAVIOURS OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGHER SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Blinov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Over recent years we have seen declining health indexes of young people under 30, most of whom are students. In this context, the study of health saving behaviours as the main factor of strengthening the students’ health is relevant. The attitude to nutrition is of top priority. Materials and Methods The article presents the materials of the studying peculiarities of the diet of jun¬ior and senior students. The comparative analysis of these materials has been made. The students of the first and the fifth year studying at Ogarev Mordovia State University were interviewed through the random sampling method. The sampled number of the first year students was 203 and of the fifth year students – 229 (1,1 % and 1,9 % respectively. Results The main source of the information about the optimal diet for a quarter of respondents is the media, especially advertising, one-fifth of all interviewed students get information about proper diet from their family members and friends, and only 16 % of young people consult with medical professionals and specialized literature. Discussion and Conclusions The results of the study indicate that a diet of students, in most cases, fails to meet the hygienic requirements of the optimal diet, their daily ration is carbohydrate and fat one, with insufficient quantity of animal protein, shortage of vitamins and minerals. Their predilection for tea, coffee and alcoholic beverages have been revealed. Mostly the diet of students is influenced by advertising, food preferences, but not by science-based recommendations.

  18. The Relationship between Frustration Tolerance and Parenting Style of Rural Junior High School Students%农村初中生挫折承受力与父母教养方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相青; 王苗苗; 常瑞华; 宋玉萍

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To learn the basic situation of rural junior high school students frustration tolerance and its relationship with parenting style .Methods :The Egna Minnen av Barndoms uppfostran - own memories of parental (EMBU )and the rural junior high school students frustration tolerance scale were used in 155 students in one rural junior high school .Results :① The frustration tolerance differences in different grade were not significant ,the third grade was higher than the first ,the frustration endurance level of the second grade was the lowest .There were dis‐tinctive differences of the frustration tolerance in gender (P < 0 .05) .② Parents in emotional warmth and understand‐ing were positively related with frustration tolerance (r = 0 .195 ,0 .240 ;P < 0 .05) .Parents in punishment and harsh(r= ‐0 .331 ,‐0 .302) ,excessive interference(r = ‐0 .262 ,r = ‐0 .266) ,refused to deny (r = ‐0 .311 ,‐0 .230) ,preference(r= ‐0 .237 ,‐0 .230)were negatively related with frustration tolerance .③ Father’s punishment and harsh(R2 = 0 .110) , mother’s emotional warmth and understanding (R2 = 0 .025)could significantly predict frustration tolerance of rural junior high school students .Conclusion :The frustration tolerance is higher in girls than that in boys rural junior high school students ;Parenting style can predict rural junior high students'frustration tolerance .%目的:了解农村初中生挫折承受力的基本状况,并探讨其与父母教养方式的关系。方法:使用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU )和中学生挫折承受力问卷对山东省某农村中学155名学生进行问卷调查。结果:①农村初中生挫折承受力总体上年级差异不显著。女生与男生的挫折承受力间差异显著(t =2.208,P <0.05);②温暖理解的父母教养方式与初中生挫折承受力呈正相关(r =0.195,0.240),严厉惩罚(r =‐0.331,‐0.302

  19. Western medical ethics taught to junior medical students can cross cultural and linguistic boundaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margolis Stephen A

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about teaching medical ethics across cultural and linguistic boundaries. This study examined two successive cohorts of first year medical students in a six year undergraduate MBBS program. Methods The objective was to investigate whether Arabic speaking students studying medicine in an Arabic country would be able to correctly identify some of the principles of Western medical ethical reasoning. This cohort study was conducted on first year students in a six-year undergraduate program studying medicine in English, their second language at a medical school in the Arabian Gulf. The ethics teaching was based on the four-principle approach (autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance and justice and delivered by a non-Muslim native English speaker with no knowledge of the Arabic language. Although the course was respectful of Arabic culture and tradition, the content excluded an analysis of Islamic medical ethics and focused on Western ethical reasoning. Following two 45-minute interactive seminars, students in groups of 3 or 4 visited a primary health care centre for one morning, sitting in with an attending physician seeing his or her patients in Arabic. Each student submitted a personal report for summative assessment detailing the ethical issues they had observed. Results All 62 students enrolled in these courses participated. Each student acting independently was able to correctly identify a median number of 4 different medical ethical issues (range 2–9 and correctly identify and label accurately a median of 2 different medical ethical issues (range 2–7 There were no significant correlations between their English language skills or general academic ability and the number or accuracy of ethical issues identified. Conclusions This study has demonstrated that these students could identify medical ethical issues based on Western constructs, despite learning in English, their second language, being in the third

  20. Study on the Relationship Among Test Anxiety,Self-esteem and Achievement Motivation for Junior Middle School Students%初中生考试焦虑和自尊、成就动机的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    东利云; 刘席文

    2014-01-01

    This study is to explore the status quo of the test anxiety, self-esteem and achievement motivation in junior middle school students, and the relationship among them, so that we can provide the basis for the psycho-logical health intervention of the junior middle school students.300 students in Hebei Tangshan Junior Middle School were measured with the Self-esteem Scale ( SES) , Achievement Motivation Scale ( AMS) and Test Anxiety scale ( TAS) .Through this research the conclusion is that:Junior middle school students'motivation of pursuing success was significantly higher than that of avoiding failure; the stronger the motivation of pursuing success was, the higher the test anxiety was;and the people who tended to avoid the failure, had correspondingly higher test anx-iety;The lower the self-esteem level was, the higher the degree of examination anxiety was; Self-esteem and motivation of pursuing success could predict test anxiety to some extent.%为了解初中生考试焦虑和自尊、成就动机的现状及关系,为初中生的心理健康干预提供依据,通过问卷调查法对300位初中生的自尊、成就动机和考试焦虑状况进行测查。结果发现:初中生追求成功的动机明显高于避免失败的动机;追求成功的动机越高的人,考试焦虑程度越高,而避免失败程度越高的人,考试焦虑也相应较高;自尊水平越低的人,考试焦虑程度越高;自尊、追求成功的动机能在一定程度上预测考试焦虑。

  1. Non-exposure parenting increases risk of bullying behavior in junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surilena Hasan

    2016-05-01

    Non-exposure parenting was the most relevant risk factor of bullying behavior. Low self-esteem increases the risk of bullying behavior. These findings suggest the need of timely bullying prevention and intervention programs that should have a special focus on families of primary high school students.

  2. Similarities between Students Receiving Dress Code Violations and Discipline Referrals at Newport Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Nikki

    2007-01-01

    Background: Looking at dress code violations and demographics surrounding kids breaking the rules. Purpose: To see if there is a connection between dress code violations and discipline referrals. Setting: Jr. High School; Study Sample: Students with dress code violations for one week; Intervention: N/A; Research Design: Correlational; and Control…

  3. COUNSELING TECHNIQUES WITH POTENTIAL DROP-OUT STUDENTS IN JUNIOR COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KUNHART, WILLIAM E.; ROLEDER, GEORGE

    AN ATTITUDE QUESTIONNAIRE PREVIOUSLY FOUND TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL DROPOUTS WAS COMPLETED BY 450 PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS AT MOUNT SAN ANTONIO COLLEGE. THOSE IDENTIFIED AS POTENTIAL DROPOUTS (N-186) WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO GROUPS OF 62 SUBJECTS. IN THREE 1-HOUR GROUP COUNSELING SESSIONS, ONE GROUP WAS SUBMITTED TO A DIRECTIVE…

  4. The Enhancement of Mathematical Reasoning Ability of Junior High School Students by Applying Mind Mapping Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayal, Carolina S.; Kusuma, Yaya S.; Sabandar, Jozua; Dahlan, Jarnawi Afgan

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical reasoning ability, are component that must be governable by the student. Mathematical reasoning plays an important role, both in solving problems and in conveying ideas when learning mathematics. In fact there ability are not still developed well, even in middle school. The importance of mathematical reasoning ability (KPM are…

  5. The Differences in the Images among Sports which Female Junior-high School Students Hope to Participate in, Soccer and Futsal

    OpenAIRE

    上野, 耕平; 中尾, 美佳

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences in the images among sports which female junior-high school students hope to participate in (F-sport), soccer and futsal. The subjects of the preliminary investigation were 10 female students who have played both soccer and futsal. They were asked about their images of soccer and futsal to develop a questionnaire to measure the images of both sports by using a semantic differential technique. In the first study, the questionnaire which w...

  6. The Countermeasure Analysis of the Five-year Junior College Students' Moral Education%五年制大专生德育工作对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    昝彪

    2014-01-01

    五年制大专是大专教育的一种特有教育模式。五年制大专学生入学年龄小、心理不成熟、适应环境慢,加之学校重视不够、德育目标不明、社会认同不高等因素影响了他们在大学校园健康成长和认真学习。本文从五年制大专管理现状和学生心理特点入手,针对五年制大专学生德育工作存在的问题,提出了几点对策,希望对从事五年制大专德育工作的同行有一定的帮助。%The five-year junior college is a special educational model of higher education. The five-year college students are en-rolled at a young age, and they are psychologically immature, so they can slowly adapt to the environment, coupled with inade-quate attention of the colleges, their moral education goal is un-clear, and social recognition is low, etc. All these factors affect their personal growth and academic study. Starting from the man-agement of the five-year junior colleges and psychological char-acteristics of students,and focusing on the problems in the moral education of the five-year junior colleges, this thesis proposes some countermeasures, hoping this will help teachers who work in the field of moral education of the five-year junior colleges.

  7. Basic life support knowledge, self-reported skills and fears in Danish high school students and effect of a single 45-min training session run by junior doctors; a prospective cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Early recognition and immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation are critical determinants of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to evaluate current knowledge on basic life support (BLS) in Danish high school students and benefits of a single training session run by junior doctors. Methods Six-hundred-fifty-one students were included. They underwent one 45-minute BLS training session including theoretical aspects and hands-on training with mannequins. The students completed a baseline questionnaire before the training session and a follow-up questionnaire one week later. The questionnaire consisted of an eight item multiple-choice test on BLS knowledge, a four-level evaluation of self-assessed BLS skills and evaluation of fear based on a qualitative description and visual analog scale from 0 to 10 for being first responder. Results Sixty-three percent of the students (413/651) had participated in prior BLS training. Only 28% (179/651) knew how to correctly recognize normal breathing. The majority was afraid of exacerbating the condition or causing death by intervening as first responder. The response rate at follow-up was 61% (399/651). There was a significant improvement in correct answers on the multiple-choice test (p first responder was decreased 6.8 ± 2.2 to 5.5 ± 2.4 (p < .001). Conclusion Knowledge of key areas of BLS is poor among high school students. One hands-on training session run by junior doctors seems to be efficient to empower the students to be first responders to OHCA. PMID:24731392

  8. [An examination of the relationships among career decision-making self-efficacy, vocational motives, and vocational indecision: a study of women's junior college students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, T

    2001-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine a causal model leading to the tendency of women's junior college students to delay vocational decisions. The model assumes that Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (CDMSE) determines vocational motives, which in turn affect the tendency. A questionnaire was administered to 431, 199 first-year and 232 second-year, women's junior college students. CDMSE was measured with self-efficacy for self-appraisal and occupational information-gathering, and vocational motives were self-improvement, interpersonal, and status motives. Results showed that self-efficacy for self-appraisal influenced self-improvement motive for both first-year and second-year students. Self-improvement motive and the self-efficacy then influenced vocational indecision among second-year students. Self-efficacy for information-gathering influenced vocational indecision among first-year students. These findings suggest that college vocational guidance should take self-efficacy and vocational motives into account.

  9. Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in a population of 7th-grade junior high school students in Central China: the Anyang Childhood Eye Study (ACES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jing; Li, Shi Ming; Liu, Luo Ru; Li, Jin Ling; Li, Si Yuan; Zhu, Bi Dan; Li, He; Yang, Zhou; Li, Lei; Wang, Ning Li

    2014-06-01

    To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in 7th-grade junior high school students in central China. Using stratified cluster sampling, 2363 7th-grade students were recruited from four junior high schools in Anyang city into the cross-sectional Anyang Childhood Eye Study (ACES). All students underwent visual acuity (VA), cycloplegic autorefraction, cover test, and ocular movement examinations. Uncorrected VA and best-corrected VA (BCVA) were measured with a logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) chart. Cycloplegic autorefraction was performed after administration of 1.0% cyclopentolate and Mydrin-P. Strabismus was defined as heterotropia at near or distance fixation. Amblyopia was defined as BCVA ≤ 0.1 logMAR units in one or both eyes, without ocular pathology in either eye. Of the 2363 eligible students, 2260 (95.6%) completed all examinations. The mean age of the students was 12.4 ± 0.6 years. Amblyopia was present in 52 students (2.5%), of whom 33 (63.5%) had unilateral and 19 (36.6%) had bilateral amblyopia. Of those with unilateral amblyopia, 18 (54.5 %) had anisometropia and 7 (21.2%) had strabismus. Of those with bilateral amblyopia, 6 (31.6%) had significant refractive error. Strabismus was present in 108 students (5.0%), of whom 2 (1.9%) had esotropia, 102 (94.4%) had exotropia, 3 (2.8%) had vertical strabismus, and 1 (0.9%) had microstrabismus. Of the 108 students with strabismus, 9 (8.3%) had amblyopia. The cross-sectional ACES which examined the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in 7th-grade students in central China revealed the prevalence of strabismus, particularly the proportion of exotropia, to be higher than previously reported.

  10. Using TQM/CQI Processes To Guide Development of Independent and Collaborative Learning in Two Levels of Baccalaureate Nursing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, LaVerne F.; Kelley, Jane H.; Northington, LaDonna; Barlow, Delores

    2002-01-01

    Junior and senior nursing students participated in collaborative learning projects developed using total quality management/continuous quality improvement processes. Seniors mentored and evaluated juniors. Feedback from 37 seniors and 53 juniors was predominantly positive; dissatisfaction centered on time issues and misunderstanding of project…

  11. 初中生幸福感来源结构及问卷编制%The Structure and Measurement of Junior Students Wellbeing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张均华; 梁剑玲

    2016-01-01

    To explore the structure of junior students’ wellbeing and develop a questionnaire based on the qualitative ana-lyses, 369 junior students participated in the trial test and 404 participated in the formal test. EFA and CFA were used in data analysis. The EFA results showed that the questionnaire of junior students’ wellbeing is consisted of 5 factors:family warm, peer support, teacher support, academic achievement and life autonomy. The CFA results showed that the fitness indexes of the model were all up to standard. The questionnaire has good reliability and va-lidity, so it can be used to measure junior students’ wellbeing.%为了解初中生幸福感来源结构,本研究结合质性研究和量化研究的方法,编制了初中生幸福感来源问卷。369名初中生参与问卷的预测验,404名初中生参与问卷的正式测量。探索性因素分析结果表明:初中生幸福感是一个包括家庭温暖、同伴支持、教师支持、学业成就、生活自主五因子的模型。验证性因素分析结果显示,问卷的各项拟合指数较为理想。问卷具有较好的信度和效度,可作为初中生幸福感的有效测量工具。

  12. A Research on the Emotion Regulation Mode of Junior School Students with Case Study%初中生情绪调节方式调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳宇

    2012-01-01

    This research discussed the emotion regulation mode of junior school students, using the emotion regulation mode question- naire survey to investigate 189 junior school students, inspected the situation and the characteristic of emotion regulation mode. The resultsshowthat: (1) The junior school students felt more joyful and interest in positive mood as whole , feh more sad and loath in negatire mood, the fear was least. The different sex, the grade had different mood. (2) When feeling the positive mood, the junior school students preferred enhancement adjustments (to take seriously and to divulge), and when feel negative mood they preferred weaken adjustment (to neglect and to suppress) , simultaneously preferred to adjust own mood through the reason adjustment (neglects and takes seriously) . (3) The different sex in negative mood divulges had remarkable difference, female students preferred using the divulge mediation way. (4) The emotion regulation mode in different grade existed difference in the type of value and divulge adjustment.%运用情绪调节方式问卷对189名初中生进行调查,考察其情绪调节方式的情况及特点。结果显示:(1)初中生总体上感受正情绪快乐、兴趣的较多,负情绪感受悲伤、厌恶的较多,恐惧最少。不同性别、年级的情绪感受有所差别;(2)初中生在感受正性情绪时出现比较多的增强调节(重视和宣泄),在感受负性情绪时出现比较多的减弱调节(忽视和抑制),同时更多地通过原因调节(忽视和重视)来调节自己的情绪;(3)初中男女生在负性情绪的宣泄上存在显著差异,女生更多地采用宣泄的调解方式;(4)情绪调节方式在年级上存在差异,表现在对负性情绪的重视调节、宣泄调节上。

  13. 亲子冲突和亲子亲合对初中生关系攻击的影响%Effects of parent-adolescent conflict and cohesion on relational aggression among junior students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭雪晴; 李雨柳; 杨思墨; 王婉纯; 谢莉莉

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨亲子冲突、亲子亲合对初中生关系攻击的影响.方法 采用亲子冲突问卷、亲子亲合问卷、关系攻击问卷对392名初中生进行测查.结果 初中生关系攻击总体上较少[(22.52±5.15)分],男生和女生关系攻击得分分别为(22.93±5.43)分,(22.00±4.73)分,初一、初二、初三学生得分分别为(22.72±5.14)分,(22.64±5.67)分,(21.93±4.22)分,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);关系攻击与双亲冲突频率、冲突强度均呈显著正相关(r=0.269,r=0.307,r=0.268,r=0.271,P<0.01),与父子亲合显著负相关(r=-0.171,P<0.01);亲子亲合能显著地负向预测关系攻击(β=-0.123,P<0.05),亲子冲突强度能显著地正向预测关系攻击(β=0.301,P<0.01).结论 亲子冲突、亲子亲和对初中生关系攻击有显著影响.%Objective To explore the effects of parent-adolescent conflict and cohesion on relational aggression among junior students.Methods Parent-adolescent Conflict Questionnaires,Parent-adolescent Cohesion Questionnaires,and the Relational Aggression Questionnaires were used in investigating 392 junior students.Results The level of relational aggression of junior students was low (22.52±5.15).There was no differences between relational aggression of male students (22.93± 5.43) and female students (22.00± 4.73) (P> 0.05),and of grade 1 students(22.72±5.14)and grade 2 students(22.64±5.67),grade 3 students(21.93±4.22) (P>0.05).The students' relational aggression showed a significantly positive correlation with frequency and intensity of parent-adolescent conflict(r=0.269,r=0.307,r=0.268,r=0.271,P<0.01),and negative correlation with father-adolescent cohesion(r=-0.171,P<0.01).Parent-adolescent cohesion was negative predictor of relational aggression(β=-0.123,P<0.05),and the intensity of parent-adolescent conflict was positive predictor(β=0.301,P<0.01).Conclusion Parent-adolescent conflict and cohesion have significant effect on relational

  14. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kai-Yang; Wu, Min-Chen; Tung, Shu-Chin; Hsieh, City C; Yao, Hsueh-Hua; Ho, Chien-Chang

    2017-01-15

    The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine.School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium) and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents' physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI), bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump). Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed significantly in

  15. Research on Structural Characteristics of Peer Interaction in Junior Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities%学习障碍初中生同伴交往结构特点研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金荣

    2014-01-01

    This research has selected 183 junior middle school students as the research object. using questionnaire and interview outline to investigate and interview. The results show the followings:junior middle school students with learning disabilities of friends overall than junior middle school students, some of her peers from the network and social youth;peer number is less than ordinary students;most of the learning dis-abilities junior middle school students' peer social circle is small, peer number is less than ordinary students;junior middle school students with learning disabilities are more like find smaller than themselves as their companions;same-sex peer selection ratio is higher than ordinary junior middle school students, peer struc-ture is relatively simple.%本研究选取学习障碍初中学生和与其对照的普通初中学生183名为研究对象,采用调查表和访谈提纲对初中生进行访谈和调查。研究结果表明,学习障碍初中生的交友范围整体比普通初中生广,部分同伴来源于网络和社会上的青少年;绝大多数的学习障碍初中生同伴社会圈子较小,同伴数量也明显比普通学生少;学习障碍初中生更喜欢找比自己年龄小者作为同伴;学习障碍初中生选择同性同伴的比率高于普通初中生,同伴结构相对单一。

  16. Analysis of Suicidal Ideation Influencing Factors For Junior High School Students%初中生自杀意念影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 金霞芳; 徐燕; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:探索初中生自杀意念的相关影响因素,为关注初中生心理健康提供实证依据。方法采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市松江区15所初中的2265名初中生进行一般情况问卷、自杀意念自评量表( SIOSS )、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、中学生抑郁量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)施测,以SPSS 17.0进行统计分析。结果①初中生1年内自杀意念检出率为13.47%;②学习成绩差、同伴关系差、有自杀家族史、父亲职业是农民、与父亲关系差、与母亲关系差、家庭经济状况差的初中生自杀意念检出率较高,差异有统计学意义(χ2=51.768,82.119,11.035,13.956,84.731,79.218,7.172;P<0.05);③有自杀意念组初中生的抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、丧失因子、健康适应因子、其他因子分均高于无自杀意念组,差异有统计学意义(t=-30.853,-25.108,-20.663,-18.947,-14.508,-11.480,-14.474,-19.018;P<0.001);④多因素Logistic回归分析表明,初中生自杀意念的影响因素包括性别、年级、家庭状况(是否是单亲家庭)、同伴关系、家庭经济状况、抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、受惩罚因子。结论初中生自杀意念与多因素有关,应加强对初中生群体的心理健康教育。%Objective To explore suicidal ideation influencing factors for junior high school students so as to provide empirical evi -dence for their psychological health .Methods Stratified random sampling was carried out to investigate total 2265 junior high school students from fifteen junior high middle schools of Songjiang district in Shanghai .A general questionnaire , Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale(SIOSS),Adolescent Self -Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Self -Rating Anxiety

  17. Implementation of cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach to understanding of mathematical concept student state junior high school in Pekanbaru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurhayati, Dian Mita; Hartono

    2017-05-01

    This study aims to determine whether there is a difference in the ability of understanding the concept of mathematics between students who use cooperative learning model Student Teams Achievement Division type with Realistic Mathematic Education approach and students who use regular learning in seventh grade SMPN 35 Pekanbaru. This study was quasi experiments with Posttest-only Control Design. The populations in this research were all the seventh grade students in one of state junior high school in Pekanbaru. The samples were a class that is used as the experimental class and one other as the control class. The process of sampling is using purposive sampling technique. Retrieval of data in this study using the documentation, observation sheets, and test. The test use t-test formula to determine whether there is a difference in student's understanding of mathematical concepts. Before the t-test, should be used to test the homogeneity and normality. Based in the analysis of these data with t0 = 2.9 there is a difference in student's understanding of mathematical concepts between experimental and control class. Percentage of students experimental class with score more than 65 was 76.9% and 56.4% of students control class. Thus be concluded, the ability of understanding mathematical concepts students who use the cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach better than students using the regular learning. So that cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach is well used in learning process.

  18. Opinions on College Students' Improving English level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡迎春

    2002-01-01

    This thesis includes three aspects: discuss the necessity of improving English level, analyze the present situation of students' level, propose some methods to improve English level. Its aim is to encourage college students to improve their English level as possible as they can for the purpose of social development.

  19. The Concept Mastery in the Perspective of Gender of Junior High School Students on Eclipse Theme in Multiple Intelligences-based of Integrated Earth and Space Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liliawati, W.; Utama, J. A.; Mursydah, L. S.

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify gender-based concept mastery differences of junior high school students after the implementation of multiple intelligences-based integrated earth and space science learning. Pretest-posttest group design was employed to two different classes at one of junior high school on eclipse theme in Tasikmalaya West Java: one class for boys (14 students) and one class of girls (18 students). The two-class received same treatment. The instrument of concepts mastery used in this study was open-ended eight essay questions. Reliability test result of this instrument was 0.9 (category: high) while for validity test results were high and very high category. We used instruments of multiple intelligences identification and learning activity observation sheet for our analysis. The results showed that normalized N-gain of concept mastery for boys and girls were improved, respectively 0.39 and 0.65. Concept mastery for both classes differs significantly. The dominant multiple intelligences for boys were in kinesthetic while girls dominated in the rest of multiple intelligences. Therefor we concluded that the concept mastery was influenced by gender and student’s multiple intelligences. Based on this finding we suggested to considering the factor of gender and students’ multiple intelligences given in the learning activity.

  20. COPE Method Implementation Program to Reduce Communication Apprehension Level in Full Day Yunior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasetyo, A. R.

    2017-02-01

    This study was aimed to explore the effect of COPE method to reduce communication apprehension level of students in Early Adolescence who become Full Day Junior High School students. Full Day Junior High School students, especially in Surabaya coastal area, have more demands to develop the communication aspects such as group discussions and presentations and extracurricular activities. Higher demands to develop such aspects of communication may cause them to experience communication apprehension. The subject was Full Day School students totaling 31 students. The design of the research was experimental design. The experimental method used was a non-randomized pretest posttest control group design and purposive sampling was also used. COPE method is a process that consists of four main stages where people are trying to deal with and control of stressful situations as a result of the problem being faced by conducting cognitive and behavioral changes. Four main stages COPE method is Calming the nervous system, Originating an imaginative plan, Persisting in the face of obstacles and failure, and Evaluating and adjusting the plan. Results of quantitative analysis based on U-Mann Whitney Test shows significant effect on the COPE Method to decrease anxiety levels of communication (0.000 <0.005).

  1. Effect of Engineering Education by Science Classroom for High School, Junior High School and Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukita, Kazuto; Goto, Tokimasa; Mizuno, Katsunori; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Ichiyanagi, Katsuhiro; Goto, Yasuyuki; Mori, Tsuyoshi

    Recently the importance of Monozukuri (manufacturing) has been watched with keen interest as a social; problem, which has a relation with schoolchildren's decline of their academic standards, pointed out by the reports of PISA of OECD and TIMSS, etc., and their “losing interest in science” and “dislike of science”, some people worry about, which will lead to the decline of technology in the home industry, the top-class personnel shortage, and the decrease of economical power in this country in the future. In order to solve such a problem, science pavilions, universities, and academic societies of science and engineering etc. in various places hold “Monozukuiri Classrooms” or “Science Classrooms”. We can say that various activities which try to hold off “losing interest in science” and “dislike of science.” in the whole society. Under such a situation, Aichi Institute of Technology (AIT) to which we belong, also tries to contribute to the activity of solving the problem, and holds various engineering education lectures which intend for elementary, junior high school and senior high school students. AIT has held “The Whole Experience World” which tries to bring up a talented person who has a dream and hope towards science and technology, grows his/her originality, intellectual curiosity and spirit of inquiry, and supports the nation based on science and technology in the summer vacation since 2001. This paper reports the result of a questionnaire about what kind of the long-term learning effect on the children who participated in “The Whole Experience World” and “Boys and Girls Robot Lectures”. As the conclusion of the study, we can say that the lectures could give the participants who were interested in science and technology more interest. And we could give them the idea of what the study of science and technology is. As a result, we could contribute to the participants' decision of the courses' selection in life.

  2. A survey on reproductive health of junior college students in a Nanjing university%南京某大学一年级学生生殖健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓丽; 张锦文; 胡晨

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To study the current situation of reproductive health in the junior college students of a Nanjing university. Methods: We used a random cluster sampling to recruit the junior college students in Nanjing City and investigated their reproductive health related knowledge, attitude and behaviors, and the related factors. Results: Most of junior college students (90.5% ) showed a relatively acceptance to the premarital sex. 16.0% of them had had sexual experiences. The students had some general contraceptive knowledges, but the knowledge about the detailed usage of the methods was relatively limited. 70. 7% of those with sexual experience reported the consistent use of condom in each sexual engagement, but the rate of induced abortion was as high as 64.7% in the girl students who had had sex. The related factors to the premarital sex included the high educational levels of the parents, inharmonious parental relation, urban residence, and the divorced families or single - parent family. The proportion of the only child in the group with sexual experience was lower than that in the group without sexual experience. The students got access to the reproductive knowledges from TV/newspaper/books, peer friends, senior family members, internet/media and school courses in decreasing order. Conclusions; The junior college students showed a relatively high tolerance of premarital sex, but their reproductive knowledge was limited and the rate of unexpected pregnancy was high. The family characteristics had some effect on the premarital sex of the students. It is recommended that the universities should strengthen the reproductive health education.%目的:了解大学低年级学生生殖健康状况.方法:采用整群随机抽样法抽取南京市某统招高校一年级大学生,调查他们生殖健康相关的知信行发生状况及相关因素.结果:90.5%的大学生对于婚前性行为态度较宽容;知晓避孕方法的较多,但是对于避孕措施的

  3. The implementation of multiple intelligences based teaching model to improve mathematical problem solving ability for student of junior high school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasni, Nurli; Fatimah, Siti; Yulanda, Syerli

    2017-05-01

    This research aims to achieve some purposes such as: to know whether mathematical problem solving ability of students who have learned mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model is higher than the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning; to know the improvement of the mathematical problem solving ability of the student who have learned mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model., to know the improvement of the mathematical problem solving ability of the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning; to know the attitude of the students to Multiple Intelligences based teaching model. The method employed here is quasi-experiment which is controlled by pre-test and post-test. The population of this research is all of VII grade in SMP Negeri 14 Bandung even-term 2013/2014, later on two classes of it were taken for the samples of this research. A class was taught using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model and the other one was taught using cooperative learning. The data of this research were gotten from the test in mathematical problem solving, scale questionnaire of the student attitudes, and observation. The results show the mathematical problem solving of the students who have learned mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model learning is higher than the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning, the mathematical problem solving ability of the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning and Multiple Intelligences based teaching model are in intermediate level, and the students showed the positive attitude in learning mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model. As for the recommendation for next author, Multiple Intelligences based teaching model can be tested on other subject and other ability.

  4. 初中生和谐人格问卷结构的研究%Stucture of the Harmonious Personality Questionnaire for Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈翔鹰; 刘欢欢

    2012-01-01

    The research primarily discussed harmonious personality characteristics of junior middle school students and developed a harmo-nious personality questionnaire on the base of it.We collected 893 Open-ended questionnaires from junior three middle schools,the exploratory factor analysis extracted six factors through several explorations,and finally the confirmatory factor analysis tested the rationality of the scale's factors division.The result indicated that harmonious personality characteristics of junior middle students has four dimension structures,such as the sense of justice,agreeableness,openness,struggle;furthermore,the designed questionnaire achieved the requirement of psychometrics on re-liability and validity and it can be researched as a tool to study in the future.%采用开放式问卷搜集了3所初中学校的893名初中生的数据,进行多次探索性因素分析,确定提取6个因子,使用验证性因素分析检验了问卷因子划分的合理性。结果表明,中学生和谐人格具有正义性、友善性、开放性和奋进性的4个因子结构;此外,所编问卷的信度和效度均达到心理测量学的要求,可作为进一步研究的工具。

  5. Holography in the Junior High.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszkiewicz, Frank

    1988-01-01

    Examines the use of holography in the art technology program of a junior high school. Characterizing holography as a valuable artistic experience and discovery experience and stressing the importance of student interest and involvement, the author discusses the necessary equipment for the project and includes two diagrams of a holographic setup.…

  6. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kai-Yang; Wu, Min-Chen; Tung, Shu-Chin; Hsieh, City C.; Yao, Hsueh-Hua; Ho, Chien-Chang

    2017-01-01

    The relationship between students’ school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine. School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium) and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents’ physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI), bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump). Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed significantly in

  7. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai-Yang Lo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between students’ school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total in grades seven to nine.School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents’ physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI, bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump. Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed

  8. Expo Junior

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

    Fort de son succès Expo Juniors revient du 22 au 23 novembre 2014 - Papa & Maman Noël seront présents ! Nous avons le plaisir de  proposer à nos membres des billets d'entrées  à un tarif préférentiel, au prix de CHF 10.- l'unité au lieu de CHF 18.- (gratuit pour les enfants de 0 à 4 ans). Des centaines d’ateliers répartis en 3 villages : Sports & Loisirs, Jeux & Jouets, Éducation & Vie pratique. Cet événement propose aux familles aussi d'autres thèmes : tourisme, idées cadeaux, mode, bien-être, beauté, décoration, ainsi que des services destinés aux familles. Parades, attractions, castings, défilés de mode, dédicaces, séances photos avec Papa Noël, ainsi que de nombre...

  9. Influencing Factors of Career Planning Education for Graduate from Junior College Student to University Student in Independent College%独立院校专升本职业规划教育的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立青; 朱性海; 李静超

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对独立学院专升本学生职业规划的现状分析,讨论影响专升本学生职业规划教育的主要影响因素,为提高学生职业生涯规划的能力寻找途径。%  This article analyzes the status quo of career planning for graduate from junior college student to university student in independent colleges, discusses the main influencing factors of career planning education, giving the approach to improving students' ability in career planning.

  10. Effectiveness of Line communication application as a social media on changes in tooth brushing behavior of junior high school students in Banjarmasin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widodo Widodo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: There were only 10.7% of junior school students in Banjarmasin brushing their teeth before bedtime. Using Line (as one of the social media can be assumed as an effective strategy to spread information. Purpose: This study aimed to reveal changes in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in students of class VII in all state junior high schools in Banjarmasin after receiving information disseminated through Line. Method: Pre and post test technique with control group design was used in this research. Result: One week before the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 1.90, while in the poster group was 1.93. During the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 4.78 in the first 7 days, 5.07 in the second week, and 5.67 in the third week. On the other hand, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the poster group was 4.66 in the first 7 days, 4.61 in the second week, and 5.18 in the third week. Conclusion: Messages/ information disseminated through both of Line and poster can give a significant change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime. Nevertheless, Line can trigger better effectiveness than poster in stimulating a change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime.

  11. 当前师范专科生休闲教育策略探讨%Exploration on the Strategies of Leisure Education for the Current Junior Normal College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯艳丽

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the effectiveness of leisure educa-tion for the current junior normal college students, we should strive to construct a complete ecological system for leisure educa-tion, starting from the government, schools, families, the society and junior normal college students themselves.%为了提高当前师范专科生休闲教育的实效性,我们必须从政府、学校、家庭、社会以及师范专科生自身出发,努力构建休闲教育的完整生态系统。

  12. Teachers' opinion about learning continuum based on student's level of competence and specific pedagogical material in classification topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriani, Aldina Eka; Subali, Bambang

    2017-08-01

    This research discusses learning continuum development for designing a curriculum. The objective of this study is to gather the opinion of public junior and senior high school teachers about learning continuum based on student's level of competence and specific pedagogical material in classification topics. This research was conducted in Yogyakarta province from October 2016 to January 2017. This research utilizes a descriptive survey method. Respondents in this study consist of 281 science teachers at junior and senior high school in Yogyakarta city and 4 regencies namely Sleman, Bantul, Kulonprogo, and Gunung Kidul. The sample were taken using a census. The collection of data used questionnaire that had been validated from the aspects of construct validity and experts judgements. Data were analyzed using a descriptive analysis technique. The results of the analysis show that the opinions of teachers regarding specific pedagogical material in classification topics of living things at the junior high school taught in grade VII to the ability level of C2 (Understanding). At senior high school level, it is taught in grade X with the ability level C2 (Understanding). Based on these results, it can be concluded that the opinions of teachers still refer to the current syllabus and curriculum so that the teachers do not have pure opinions about the student's competence level in classification topics that should be taught at the level of the grade in accordance with the level of corresponding competency.

  13. The level of moral interaction between university students and instructors according to Kohlberg’s moral development theory

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to determine the level of moral judgement of interaction between university students and instructors according to Kohlberg’s moral development theory. The study was conducted by means of interview method. The data in this study were collected by “structured interview form” which was implemented with the help of interviewers. The research was conducted with totally 308 people (208 female,172 male)  The participants were composed of 197 freshmen, 81 junior, ...

  14. Cross-sectional observation of the relationship of depressive symptoms with lifestyles and parents' status among Japanese junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyakutake, Aiko; Kamijo, Tomoko; Misawa, Yuka; Washizuka, Shinsuke; Inaba, Yuji; Tsukahara, Teruomi; Nomiyama, Tetsuo

    2016-07-01

    Students' depressive symptoms might be related to their own risk factors and to their parents' status. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship of depressive symptoms with lifestyle variables and parents' psychological and socio-demographic status among Japanese junior high school students. Of 477 students and their parents, 409 (85.7 %) students and 314 (65.8 %) parents participated in the study. Students answered self-reported questionnaire on depressive symptoms, their heights and weights, subjective stress, body dissatisfaction, lifestyles including sleep duration and extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, and nutritional intake. Parents responded to questionnaire on depressive symptoms and socio-demographic status. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 24.9 %. Students with depressive symptoms were more likely to have stress. Students in shorter and longer sleep duration groups were more likely to have depressive symptoms. The students with depressive symptoms had smaller amount of energy intake than did those without depressive symptoms. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed significant relationships between students' depressive symptoms and some independent variables. Sex, subjective stress, "almost-never"-categorized extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, and having a parent with depressive symptoms were significantly associated with students' depressive symptoms. Reducing mental stress and taking care of lifestyles, especially, "almost-everyday"-categorized extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, may have benefits for students' mental health, and having a parent with depressive symptoms may be associated with students' depressive symptoms.

  15. Teacher's opinions about learning continuum based on the student's level of competence and specific pedagogical materials on anatomical aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astuti, Laili Dwi; Subali, Bambang

    2017-08-01

    This research deals with designing learning continuum for developing a curriculum. The objective of this study is to gather the opinion of public junior and high school teachers about Learning Continuum based on Student's Level of Competence and Specific Pedagogical Material on Anatomical Aspects. This is a survey research. The population of the research is natural science teachers at junior high school and biology teacher at senior high school in Yogyakarta Special Region. Data were collected using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using a descriptive analysis technique. Based on the results of the survey, the teachers opinion are in accordance with the level of the students they teach. Junior high school teachers argued that anatomical aspects were taught in grade VII,VIII, IX and X on the level of C2 (understanding), the high school teacher argued that anatomical aspects were taught in grade VIII, X and XI on the level of C2 (understanding) and C3 (apply). While according to the opinions of primary school teachers about aspects of anatomy resulted from the research of Subali (2016), anatomy is mostly not taught at the elementary school level, only some of the materials that are taught in this school level. Therefore, the results of the survey can be inferred that the opinions of teachers is still based on the existing curriculum.

  16. One Case of Test Anxiety Counseling in Junior Middle School Students%初中生考试焦虑心理咨询一例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张栋玲

    2012-01-01

    The article reports one case of test anxiety counseling in junior middle school students.On the basis of good clientcounselor interaction,the counseling psychologist used systematic desensitization therapy to help a middle school student reduce test anxiety,and the client overcame test anxiety and got good grades in the examinations.The counseling achieved the design goal.%本案例报告了一例关于初中生考试焦虑的心理咨询案例。在建立良好的咨询关系的基础上,运用系统脱敏疗法,使来访者克服了考试焦虑,最终帮助来访者中考取得较为理想的成绩,较好得实现了心理咨询目标。

  17. The Freshman Grade Academy: A Program to Facilitate the Smooth Transition of Students from the Junior High Learning Environment to the High School Learning Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Weathers

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available From 2004-2006, Arkansas High School in Texarkana, Arkansas, piloted a program aimed at facilitating the transition of freshman students from a junior high setting to a senior high setting. The creation of the program was prompted by the school’s data showing that the freshman class had the highest number of disciplinary referrals, absenteeism, and failing grades, while simultaneously having extremely low benchmark test scores. The program, named the Freshman Academy, consisted of three teams with five core team teachers in the areas of English, computer business applications, math and social studies along with an inclusion special education teacher. The teams were given a common planning time to work together to foster student success in both academic and social circles. After two years of piloting the Freshman Academy, the data showed that the number of discipline referrals decreased, absenteeism was down, grades were up and benchmark test scores were up.

  18. THE USE OF ENGLISH OF THE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS AT STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1 MAGELANG (A PILOT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukasih Ratna Widayanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed at describing the use of English of the teachers and students at State Junior High School 1 Magelang as a pilot international standard school. The objectives of this study are (1 to find out the frequencies and percentages of the use of English spoken by teachers and students and (2 to describe the types of the occurrence of English sentences, clauses, and phrases spoken by teachers and students. This study was descriptive-qualitative. The subjects were two teachers and forty-eight students of 8B and 8C in State Junior High School 1 Magelang in the school year 2010/2011. The object of this study was the transcript of teachers and students’ utterances indicating the use of English during teaching and learning process in the classroom. The data were collected through observation and audio-taped of the teaching and learning processes. The results of the study are as follows. First, the teachers’ frequencies and percentages of English sentences are 176 sentences from the total number of 220 sentences or 80%, while the students’ frequencies and percentages of English sentences are 72 sentences from the total of 92 sentences or 78.26 %. Both the teachers’ and the students’ quality of English is very good since they make only a few incorrect English sentences. Second, the four types of English sentences are declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory; the two types of clauses found in English sentences are independent clauses and dependent clauses; and the four types of phrases found in English sentences are noun phrases, verb phrases, adjective phrases, and prepositional phrases. Keywords: the use of English, pilot international standard school

  19. On the cultivation of junior high school students' logical thinking%初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康华明; 章宏

    2013-01-01

      古人常说“授人以鱼,不如授人以渔”,传授解决问题的方法比直接提供结果更有意义,在初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养上也应该如此,加强课堂上老师与学生间以及同学间的互动,培养他们积极动脑发散思维等逻辑思维能力,使他们充分认识到数学的兴趣,爱上这一学科,提高学习的动力,逻辑思维能力的培养同时也为自己生活中应变问题、解决问题提供了有力帮助,本文将围绕怎样提高初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养展开分析。%The ancients often say"it is better to teach one how to fish than give him fish", teaching methods to solve the problem is more meaningful than directly provides the result, in the training of the junior middle school mathematics students' logical thinking should also be, strengthen the classroom between teachers and students and students interaction, cultivate their positive thinking divergent thinking and logic thinking ability, so that they fully understand the interest in mathematics, fall in love with this discipline, improve the learning motivation, cultivating the ability of logical thinking but also for problems in their own lives, strain provides a powerful help to solve the problem, this paper will focus on how to improve the training of junior high school mathematics students' logical thinking.

  20. Investigating First Year Education Students' Stress Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Gretchen; Midford, Richard

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigated the stress levels of first-year education students who undertake teaching practicum and theory units during their first year of teacher education program. First, 139 first-year and 143 other years' education students completed the PSS-10 scale, which measures perceived level of stress. Then, 147 first-year education…

  1. Correlation of meta moods and clinical behaviors of junior college nursing students%大专护生元情绪与临床实践行为相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘大媛; 潘义英; 向登翠; 陈华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the correlations between meta moods and clinical behavior of junior college nursing students and provide a scientific basis for improving students' ability of clinical practice.Method The trait meta mood scale(TMMS)and nursing students' clinical practice evaluation scale were used in the study among 120 junior college nursing students.Results The total scores on TMMS and the clinical behavior were(3.45±0.43)and(2.96±0.39),respectively.The scores on the three dimensions of meta moods were positively correlated with 7 dimensions of clinical behaviors and the total score(P<0.01 or P<0.05).Conclusions The meta moods of college nursing students are at high level and their clinical behaviors are at medium level.Teachers and nursing administrators should help students regulate and manage their emotions in order to promote their ability of clinical practice.%目的:了解大专护生元情绪与临床实践行为现状,并探讨两者之间的相关性,为提高护生的临床实践能力提供科学依据。方法采用特质性元情绪量表(trait meta-mood scale,TMMS)和护生临床实践行为评价量表对120名大专护生进行测评。结果大专护生TMMS总得分为(3.45±0.43)分;临床实践行为总得分为(2.96±0.39)分;元情绪3个维度及总分与临床实践行为7个维度及总分均呈正相关(P<0.01,P<0.05)。结论大专实习护生元情绪处于高水平,临床实践行为处于中等水平。带教老师和护理管理者应帮助实习护生对情绪进行调节和管理,以促进其临床实践能力的发展。

  2. Examining student ideas about energy measurements on quantum states across undergraduate and graduate levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passante, Gina; Emigh, Paul J.; Shaffer, Peter S.

    2015-12-01

    [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Upper Division Physics Courses.] Energy measurements play a fundamental role in the theory of quantum mechanics, yet there is evidence that the underlying concepts are difficult for many students, even after all undergraduate instruction. We present results from an investigation into student ability to determine the possible energies that can be measured for a given wave function and Hamiltonian, to determine the probabilities of each energy measurement and how they depend on time, and to recognize how a measurement of energy affects the state. By analyzing student responses to open-ended questions, we identify five broad, interrelated sets of conceptual and reasoning difficulties related to energy measurements. Data are drawn from sophomore-, junior-, and graduate-level quantum mechanics courses. Particular attention is paid to incorrect ideas that persist across all levels.

  3. Examining student ideas about energy measurements on quantum states across undergraduate and graduate levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Passante

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Upper Division Physics Courses.] Energy measurements play a fundamental role in the theory of quantum mechanics, yet there is evidence that the underlying concepts are difficult for many students, even after all undergraduate instruction. We present results from an investigation into student ability to determine the possible energies that can be measured for a given wave function and Hamiltonian, to determine the probabilities of each energy measurement and how they depend on time, and to recognize how a measurement of energy affects the state. By analyzing student responses to open-ended questions, we identify five broad, interrelated sets of conceptual and reasoning difficulties related to energy measurements. Data are drawn from sophomore-, junior-, and graduate-level quantum mechanics courses. Particular attention is paid to incorrect ideas that persist across all levels.

  4. Evaluating Junior Secondary Science Textbook Usage in Australian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Christine V.

    2016-08-01

    A large body of research has drawn attention to the importance of providing engaging learning experiences in junior secondary science classes, in an attempt to attract more students into post-compulsory science courses. The reality of time and resource constraints, and the high proportion of non-specialist science teachers teaching science, has resulted in an overreliance on more transmissive pedagogical tools, such as textbooks. This study sought to evaluate the usage of junior secondary science textbooks in Australian schools. Data were collected via surveys from 486 schools teaching junior secondary (years 7-10), representing all Australian states and territories. Results indicated that most Australian schools use a science textbook in the junior secondary years, and textbooks are used in the majority of science lessons. The most highly cited reason influencing choice of textbook was layout/colour/illustrations, and electronic technologies were found to be the dominant curricula material utilised, in addition to textbooks, in junior secondary science classes. Interestingly, the majority of respondents expressed high levels of satisfaction with their textbooks, although many were keen to stress the subsidiary role of textbooks in the classroom, emphasising the textbook was `one' component of their teaching repertoire. Importantly, respondents were also keen to stress the benefits of textbooks in supporting substitute teachers, beginning teachers, and non-specialist science teachers; in addition to facilitating continuity of programming and staff support in schools with high staff turnover. Implications from this study highlight the need for high quality textbooks to support teaching and learning in Australian junior secondary science classes.

  5. 初中生自杀意念与抑郁的干预%Intervention Study of Suicidal Ideation and Depression for Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 徐燕; 金霞芳; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore influencing situation about suicidal ideation and depression for junior high school students through systematic psychological intervention.Methods:Stratified cluster random sampling was carried out to investigate total 609 junior high school students from one junior high middle school of Songjiang District in Shanghai.A general questionnaire, Self -rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS),Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List(ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire( TCSQ) were measured.Screening out positive people brought to the study group,systematic psychological intervention were carried for the study group for junior high school students,to compare improved situation of the variables before and after the intervention.The data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0.Results:①The annual prevalence rate of suicidal ideation for junior high school students was 14 .61%.②The prevalence rate of suicidal ideation for junior high school students was higher in those who had poor peer relationship,had suicidal family history,poor relationship with fa-ther and mother(χ2 =23.174,14.315,24.812,21.382;P<0.001).③The prevalence rate of moderate and above depression was 84.3%in those with suicidal ideation,higher than that of those without suicidal ideation(χ2 =168.402,P<0.001).④The prevalence rate of suicidal ideation of the study group after system psychological intervention was 40.43%,significantly lower than that of before intervention(χ2 =13.187,P<0.001).⑤The scores of suicidal ideation,depression,human relationship factor,study pres-sure factor and negative coping of the study group after intervention were lower than those before interven-tion,and the scores of positive coping after intervention were higher than those before intervention ( t=2.931,3.359,2.308,2.259,-2.958,2.011;P<0.05).Conclusion:Psychological intervention can re-duce suicidal ideation and depression for junior high school students.%目

  6. Communication Apprehension Levels of Student Governance Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Michael T.; Nadler, Daniel P.

    2009-01-01

    A major component of the college student experience is the engagement with out-of-class activities. This involvement has been linked to a variety of success indicators, including higher levels of academic achievement, high retention and matriculation, and overall collegiate satisfaction. One of the key areas for student engagement is college…

  7. Admission Math Level and Student Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    la Cour, Lisbeth

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the study performance data for three cohorts of students for the course in Economics at the Business Diploma (herafter HD) study program at Copenhagen Business School. Out main findings are 1) that students with the lowest level of math from high school are performing worse...

  8. Primary and Junior Middle School Students' Perspectives of Bullying%中小学生对欺负行为的理解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高秋凤; 李晓东

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨中小学生对欺负行为的理解及对三类欺负行为的严重性认知.方法:借鉴Smith等人情境评定法,设计了22个木棍图冲突情境,让260名4、6、8年级学生判断这些情境中的行为是否属于欺负行为,并对其严重性进行评价.结果:对于学术界定义的欺负行为的四个特征,中小学生普遍较认可的是伤害性特征,其次是力量的非均衡性及未受激惹性特征,对重复发生性特征的认同率最低;身体侵犯比言语及关系侵犯更容易被鉴别为欺负行为;认为身体欺负最严重,其次为言语欺负及间接欺负;对欺负的严重性认知受欺负类型与年级的交互影响.结论:中小学生对欺负概念的理解与学术界对欺负的界定存在较大差异.%Objective: To explore how primary and junior middle school students understood bullying and their assessment of the severity of three types of bullying. Methods: 260 primary and junior middle students of grade 4, 6 and 8 participated in a questionnaire survey. Participants were presented with 22 stick-figure cartoons showing different types and contexts of bullying and related behaviours. Participants were asked to read each scenario and respond to whether in their opinion the situation was an example of bullying (yes or no), and how severe was the problem the situation described. Results: Primary and junior middle school students recognized the harm doing most, and then the imbalance of power and non-provocation; however, many students did not recognize the significant influence of the repeated factor. Many non-bullying scenarios were misdiagnosed as bullying. Verbal or indirect abuses in confrontations were less likely than physical abuse to lead students to identify the scenarios as bullying. Results also indicated that students had different attitudes towards the three types of bullying. Generally, students thought physical bullying was most serious, verbal and indirect bullying was

  9. An Investigation and Analysis of Parenting Style of Junior High School Students%初中生父母教养方式的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国锋; 袁梦; 李阳

    2012-01-01

    采用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)对某中学80名学生进行抽样调查,目的是提出科学可行的初中生父母教养方式。结果:大多数初中生父母教养方式处于正常范围,父母教养方式一致性程度较高,在性别和城乡上没有显著差异,但是在父亲的惩罚、严厉维度上,非独生子女极显著高于独生子女。结论:一致性程度比较高的教养方式有利于孩子的身心健康成长;独生子女与非独生子女家庭的父母教养方式可能对两类家庭成长的孩子形成不同的心理品质。%This paper is based on a survey of junior high school students by using EMBU to investigate the parent- ing style. It finds that most of parenting style of junior school students is normal. There is a high consistency in the ed- ucating styles of father and mother and there is no remarkable difference between gender and region. However, father's educating style is corparatively more serious for the non-only child than the only child.This paper argues that the higher consistency parenting style will benefit a lot for the physical and mental health of children. The different parent- ing style in single or non- single family may bring different psychological Character in children.

  10. 初中新生个人行为与心理健康关系%Behavior and mental health among new junior middle school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵念; 向兵; 彭健; 孔庆娟

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省武汉市某初中新生个人行为与心理健康状况.方法 采用《中国中学生心理健康量表》和自编个人行为调查表对武汉市某初中605名初一学生进行新生入学心理健康筛查和个人行为调查.结果 中学生心理症状总阳性检出率为40.7%,玩电子游戏时间、打架次数、对学习的态度、离家出走和自杀行动不同的新生心理问题检出率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);吸烟开始年龄与中学生心理健康的偏执、敌对、心理不平衡均呈正相关,打架次数与中学生心理健康的偏执、敌对、学习压力、适应不良、心理不平衡均呈正相关,玩电子游戏的时间与中学生心理健康因子发生率呈正相关,而对学习的态度与中学生心理健康因子发生率呈负相关;对学习不满、采取过自杀行动是心理问题发生的危险因素.结论 中学生个人行为与心理健康状况存在一定联系,应加强中学生心理健康干预.%Objective To investigate behavior and mental health among new junior middle school students in Wuhan. Methods Totally 605 junior middle school students in Wuhan were surveyed with Chinese Middle School Students Mental Health Scale(MSSMHS) and a self-designed personal behavior questionnaire. EpiData 3. 0 was used to input the data. The data were analyzed with SPSS 17. 0. Results The prevalence rate of positive psychological symptoms in the students was 40. 7% . Five different types of behavioral problems were identified among the students. Age at first smoking attempt was positively correlated with anxiety,hostility,and psychological imbalance and frequency of fighting was positively correlated with anxiety,hostility,learning stress,maladjustment,and psychological imbalance among the students. The mental health factors were correlated positively with times of playing computer games and negatively with learning attitude. Negative learning attitude and suicidal

  11. Bockron as a Medium of Learning in The Process of Inquiry based Learning to Improve Science Process Skills of Junior High School Students in Growth and Development Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayasari, D.

    2017-02-01

    Investigative research on Influence of bockron as a medium of learning in process of inquiry-based learning to the development of science process skills on the concept of growth and development. This research was done in an effort to follow up underdeveloped skills of observing, communicating andconclude on students. This research was conducted using classroom action research (PTK), which consisted of 3 cycles. Cycle 1 students observe differences in growth and development, cycle 2 students measure the growth rate, cycle 3 students observe factors that influence growth and development, In these three cycles is used as a planting medium bocron (bottles and dacron). It involves 8th grade junior high-school students of 14-15 years old as research subjects in six meetings. Indicators of process skill include observation, communication, interpretation and inference. Data is collected through students’ work sheets, written tests and observation. Processing of the data to see N-Gain used Microsoft Excel 2007, and the results showed that an increase in science process skills with a value of medium N-Gain (0,63). Bokron learning medium easily and cheaply obtainable around the students, particularly those in urban areas is quite difficult to get land to be used as aplanting medium. In addition to observation of growth and development, bokron media can also be used to observe the motion in plants. The use bokron as a learning medium can train and develop science process skills, attitude and scientific method also gives students concrete experience of the process of growth and development in plants.

  12. Personality traits predict job stress, depression and anxiety among junior physicians

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Background: High levels of stress and deteriorating mental health among medical students are commonly reported. In Bergen, Norway, we explored the impact of personality traits measured early in their curriculum on stress reactions and levels of depression and anxiety symptoms as junior physicians following graduation.Methods: Medical students (n = 201) from two classes participated in a study on personality traits and mental health early in the curriculum. A questionnaire measuring p...

  13. Nursing students' critical thinking disposition according to academic level and satisfaction with nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong Hee; Moon, Seongmi; Kim, Eun Jung; Kim, Young-Ju; Lee, Sunhee

    2014-01-01

    The development of critical thinking dispositions has become an important issue in nursing education in Korea. Nursing colleges in Korea have developed teaching strategies and curricula that focus on developing critical thinking dispositions. It is an imperative step that evaluates the changing pattern and development of students' critical thinking dispositions. This study identified critical thinking dispositions of Korean nursing students according to academic level and satisfaction with nursing. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 1074 students in four colleges who completed the self-reported Critical Thinking Disposition Scale. Descriptive and univariate general linear model analyses were performed. The critical thinking disposition score increased according to academic level until junior year, after which it decreased in the senior year. Nursing students who were satisfied with nursing reported higher levels of critical thinking than those who were not satisfied or who responded neutrally. The critical thinking scores of nursing students not satisfied with nursing dropped greatly in the senior year. These results suggest the importance of targeting the development of curriculum and teaching methods for seniors and students who have a lower level of satisfaction with nursing to increase their critical thinking dispositions. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. A project-based course on Newton’s laws for talented junior high-school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langbeheim, Elon

    2015-07-01

    Research has shown that project-based learning promotes student interest in science and improves understanding of scientific content. Fostering student motivation is particularly important in accelerated science and technology programmes for talented students, which are often demanding and time-consuming. Current texts provide little guidance on ways to employ challenging, open-ended investigations in physics suitable for the more capable students. This paper presents a project-based approach for teaching Newton’s laws in a programme for talented eighth-grade students. Evidence from student work demonstrates that project-based learning is a feasible classroom practice, challenging yet fulfilling for both students and teachers.

  15. Determining Students' Conceptual Understanding Level of Thermodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saricayir, Hakan; Ay, Selahattin; Comek, Arif; Cansiz, Gokhan; Uce, Musa

    2016-01-01

    Science students find heat, temperature, enthalpy and energy in chemical reactions to be some of the most difficult subjects. It is crucial to define their conceptual understanding level in these subjects so that educators can build upon this knowledge and introduce new thermodynamics concepts. This paper reports conceptual understanding levels of…

  16. 初中生的自我概念与父母教养方式的关系%The Relationship between Self-concept and Parental Rearing Styles of Junior School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯立新; 王璇; 答会明

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship among self-concept, self-efficacy and parental rearing styles of junior School students.Methods:A questionnaire survey is conducted among 250 students of junior School students by cluster sampling, using Self-concept Scale, EMBU.Results:There are significant gender differences in many dimensions of parenting and self-concept of junior school students, father excessive interference of Grade 8 better than Grade 7;Positive parenting style correlates significantly and positively with self-concept of junior school students, between self concept and negative parenting style is significantly negative correlation; There are signifi-cant differences in the self-concept of junior school students with high and low group parents’ emotional warmth and understanding, father’ s punishment and severity, mother’ s preference, mother’ s refusal and denial.Conclusion:There is a close relationship between the development of self-concept of junior high school students and parenting style.%目的:探究初中生的自我概念与父母教养方式的关系。方法:采用自我概念问卷、父母教养方式量表对两所初中的204名学生进行测查。结果:初中生的自我概念、父母教养方式诸多维度的性别差异显著,初二级学生的父亲过分干涉程度显著大于初一级学生;初中生积极的父母教养方式与其自我概念显著正相关,消极的父母教养方式与其自我概念显著负相关;高、低分组父母情感温暖与理解、父亲惩罚与严厉、母亲偏爱、母亲拒绝与否认的初中生自我概念差异显著。结论:初中生自我概念的发展水平与其父母教养方式关系密切。

  17. OCR A-level physics student guide

    CERN Document Server

    Lawrence, Kevin

    2017-01-01

    Ensure your students get to grips with the core practicals and develop the skills needed to succeed with an in-depth assessment-driven approach that builds and reinforces understanding; clear summaries of practical work with sample questions and answers help to improve exam technique in order to achieve higher grades.Written by experienced teachers Carol Davenport, Graham George and Kevin Lawrence, this Student Guide for practical Physics:- Help students easily identify what they need to know with a concise summary of required practical work examined in the A-level specifications.- Consolidate understanding of practical work, methodology, mathematical and other skills out of the laboratory with exam tips and knowledge check questions, with answers in the back of the book.- Provide plenty of opportunities for students to improve exam technique with sample answers, examiners tips and exam-style questions. - Offer support beyond the Student books with coverage of methodologies and generic practical skills not fo...

  18. AQA A-level physics student guide

    CERN Document Server

    George, Graham

    2017-01-01

    Ensure your students get to grips with the core practicals and develop the skills needed to succeed with an in-depth assessment-driven approach that builds and reinforces understanding; clear summaries of practical work with sample questions and answers help to improve exam technique in order to achieve higher grades.Written by experienced teachers Graham George and Kevin Lawrence, this Student Guide for practical Physics- Help students easily identify what they need to know with a concise summary of required practical work examined in the A-level specifications.- Consolida

  19. Edexcel A-level physics student guide

    CERN Document Server

    Davenport, Carol

    2017-01-01

    Ensure your students get to grips with the core practicals and develop the skills needed to succeed with an in-depth assessment-driven approach that builds and reinforces understanding; clear summaries of practical work with sample questions and answers help to improve exam technique in order to achieve higher grades.Written by experienced teachers Carol Davenport, Graham George and Kevin Lawrence, this Student Guide for practical Physics:- Help students easily identify what they need to know with a concise summary of required practical work examined in the A-level specificatio

  20. 南京青奥会与江苏省初中生体育价值观的研究%Research on Nanjing Youth Olympic Games and the Values of Junior Middle School Students in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈程

    2014-01-01

    本研究通过自编问卷调查江苏省南京市、扬州市、常州市、淮安市共计9所中初中生,调查了解江苏省初中生的体育价值观现状、初中生对南京青奥会的认知情况。调查研究表明:到目前为止,我省初中生的体育价值观和初中生对南京青奥会的认知情况还是值得肯定的,但是还存在不足和可提升的地方,如存在认知内容上的脱节现象和地区之间的差异现象,本研究旨在通过调查了解南京青奥会对我省初中生体育价值观的影响,推动初中生积极参与体育锻炼,形成正确的体育价值观。%This paper conducted by the self -made questionnaire making a survey of Nanjing , Yangzhou, Changzhou city in Jiangsu province , aims to study the situation of sports values of junior middle school students in Jiangsu province , junior school students cognition of Nanjing Youth Olympic Games .The survey research shows that the junior middle school students sports values and the cognition of Nanjing Youth Olympic Games in junior middle school students is still worthy of recognition , but there is insufficient , such as the existence of disconnection between cognitive content and regional differences between phenomenon , this study aims to investigate the Nanjing Youth Olympic Games influence on junior middle school students in our province , promote the junior middle school students to take an active part in physical exercise , forming the correct sports values .

  1. A Study of the 1968 Graduates of Manatee Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stivers, Earl R.

    This study of the 1968 graduates of Manatee Junior College, Florida, showed that: (1) it is not necessary to be in the top 40% of grade 12 to succeed in junior college, (2) students in the lowest percentiles at entrance can earn a degree, (3) the average candidate for a degree should expect to spend more than four terms at the junior college, (4)…

  2. Math Trivial Pursuit, Junior High Level. A Good Apple Math Activity Book for Grades 7-9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Pat

    The purpose of this game, intended for grades 7-9, is to enable students to have fun and enjoy mathematics while learning and reinforcing: (1) mathematical concepts and applications; (2) mathematical computations; (3) geometry; and (4) mathematics for daily living. A gameboard and 232 question/answer cards are provided. Rules for play are…

  3. A Senior Partner in the Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL.

    The development and current status of the student personnel program at Sante Fe Junior College is described. Statements of purpose and philosophy are amplified through an outline of the needs and characteristics of Santa Fe students and a description of the elements of the program as they relate to specific needs and characteristics. The elements…

  4. Creative Thinking Ability to Increase Student Mathematical of Junior High School by Applying Models Numbered Heads Together

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lince, Ranak

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical ability of students creative thinking is a component that must be mastered by the student. Mathematical creative thinking plays an important role, both in solving the problem and well, even in high school students. Therefore, efforts are needed to convey ideas in mathematics. But the reality is not yet developed the ability to…

  5. 四川省初中生烟草流行现状调查%A survey of tobacco use among junior middle school students in Sichuan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘影; 刘兆炜; 李志新

    2015-01-01

    Objective To summarize the tobacco prevalence in junior middle school students in Sichuan province in order to provide the basic information and primary clue for the adolescent tobacco control in Sichuan province .Methods The tobacco epidemic status of junior middle school students in three schools was analyzed by three stages .Results Totally,6571 questionnaires were distrib-uted and 6565 were effective.The response rate was 99.9%.About 17.6% of junior middle school students had ever tried smoking ,and the present smoking rate was 4.6%.There were 15.8% of all students first trying to smoke in 13 years old or younger and 63.3% of the smokers had an intention to give up .For tobacco access,54.2% of the smokers obtained tobacco from others ,74.1% bought by ”box” and 79.7% weren't rejected because of their age when they bought cigarettes .The dangers of smoking was underestimated by the smokers when compared to the non-smoking students (P <0.05).For smoking behavior factors,there were significant six indicators in which relative risk (RR) of male was 3.785 times when compared to female.RR of smoking parents was 2.592 times when compared to non-smoking parents,and RR of students with smoking friends was 2.831 when compared to whom without smoking friends .With higher grades and more money they can dominate ,the possibility of smoking was increased since they thought smoking may make them more attractive.Conclusion The junior middle school students have a high rate of smoking ,and younger age at the first attempting smoking.Most smoking students have intention to give up ,but the awareness of smoking harms is low .%目的:总结四川省初中生烟草流行相关数据,为四川省的青少年控烟工作提供基础信息和初步线索。方法分三个阶段抽取四川省3所初级中学6571名初中生进行烟草流行现状调查分析。结果共发放问卷6571份,收回有效问卷6565份,有效回收率为99.9%。

  6. Research on the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Self-evaluation of Junior High School Students%初中生生活满意度与自我评价的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪榴

    2014-01-01

    采用学生总体生活满意度量表和个人评价问卷,对331名初中生进行施测,探究了初中生生活满意度与自我评价的关系。结果发现初中生生活满意度与自我评价存在显著性正相关,自我评价越高,其生活满意度越高,自我评价对生活满意度具有一定的预测力。%Using student overall life satisfaction scale and indi-vidual evaluation questionnaires, 331 junior high school students were surveyed, in order to explore the relationship between life satisfaction and self-evaluation of junior high school students. It is found that there is a significant positive correlation between ju-nior high school students' life satisfaction and self-evaluation, and the higher the self-evaluation, the higher life satisfaction, and self-evaluation is of certain predictive effect on life satisfac-tion.

  7. 针对初中生课堂问题行为背后的反思%Reflections on Junior High School Students' Misbehaviors in Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴胜

    2014-01-01

    随着课堂改革的不断深入,初中生课堂问题行为层出不穷。这些违反课堂规则的问题行为妨碍及干扰课堂活动的正常进行,影响课堂教学效率,无论是对学生个人、教师,还是师生关系都产生一定程度的负面影响。导致这些课堂问题行为既有学生个人因素、教师因素,也有环境因素。在课堂管理实践中结合教育心理学,从多个角度分析课堂问题行为的实质,总结出相应的处理原则及策略。同时,对课堂教育的实施者提出更高的要求。%With the continuous deepening of class reform, junior high school students' misbehaviors in class are continuing without end. These misbehaviors in class hinder and disturb normal class activities, affect the effectiveness of classroom teaching, and have certain negative effects on students, teachers and teacher-student relationship. These behaviors are caused by students' factors, teachers' factors, as well as environmental factors. Combined with educational psychology in class management practice, this paper analyzes the essence of misbehaviors in class from multiple an-gles, and summarizes corresponding treatment principles and strategies. Meanwhile, higher requirements are proposed for the implementer of classroom education.

  8. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  9. Evaluation of a community-based positive youth development program based on Chinese junior school students in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shek, Daniel T L; Ma, Cecilia M S; Xie, Qiuzhi

    2017-02-01

    This study investigated students' evaluations of a positive youth development program entitled Project P.A.T.H.S. (Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social program) in Hong Kong. The participants were 19,790 Secondary 1, 2 and 3 students who joined this program at the extension phase of the project. They were required to complete a subjective outcome evaluation form to indicate their perceptions of the program content, instructors, and effectiveness. Results showed that the students evaluated this program positively. Amongst the students in the three grades, Secondary 1 students evaluated the program most favorably whereas Secondary 3 students had the relatively least favorable evaluation. In addition, the program content and instructors accounted for approximately 35% of the variance in program effectiveness. The findings generally imply the successful implementation of this program in the community-based phase.

  10. 离异家庭初中生心理咨询需求研究%Research on the needs of junior high school students from divorced families

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙希希

    2012-01-01

    With the divorce rate constantly rising in China, there is an increasing nurnDer o~ cnuu~e- ~ - ced families, who, as adolescent junior high school students, are much easy to encounter psychological confu- sions. To explore the psychological needs and their current status of the children from divorced families, ques- tionnaires from junior high school students in grade seven and eight in five middle schools in Shanghai are made and the data analyzed. The result suggests that children from divorced families need more parent - child communication and psychological guidance, that parents in the divorce families should give their children more care, and that schools should provide specific psychological counseling for children from divorced families in view of their psychological needs.%随着中国离婚率不断攀高,出现了越来越多的离异家庭子女,对于正处在青春期的离异家庭初中生,很容易遇到心理上的困惑。为探讨离异家庭子女的心理服务需求及现状,对上海某五所中学七年级和八年级初中生进行了问卷调查,并对数据进行统计和分析。结果发现,离异家庭子女在父母离异、亲子沟通教育和辅导等方面有更多的心理服务需求;离异家庭子女的父母在情感上应给予子女更多的关心;学校心理辅导机构应该结合离异家庭子女的心理需要,有针对性开展心理服务工作。

  11. Undergraduate endodontic teaching in New Zealand: students' experience, perceptions and self-confidence levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Colleen M; Chandler, Nicholas P

    2014-12-01

    The aim was to investigate undergraduate students' experiences, perceptions of future practice and self-rated confidence levels across endodontic tasks. After ethical approval, a survey involved all fourth and fifth year students. Quantitative data were analysed in SPSS version 20.0. Qualitative data were analysed using a general inductive approach. The participation rate was 84% (n = 136 of 162). The mean number of canals completed was 2.6 by fourth years and 10.4 by fifth years. Maxillary premolars were the most common first tooth treated. Pulpal factors and root morphology were the most common reasons for experiencing difficulty. Self-rated confidence levels were lower for the more junior students and complex procedures. Students felt that an increased use of extracted natural teeth would be beneficial in their pre-clinical practice. A high level of interest was shown in future specialisation in endodontics. Students may benefit from further didactic teaching or pre-clinical instruction in selected topics.

  12. Orienting Mid-Level Student Affairs Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mather, Peter C.; Bryan, Stephen P.; Faulkner, William O.

    2009-01-01

    Mid-level managers comprise a large proportion of student affairs organizations. They are often the most overlooked when it comes to professional orientation and institutional introduction when entering new positions. Accordingly, information is presented from the professional literature that speaks to the characteristics and unique needs of this…

  13. The Potential of Digital Tools in Art Lessons at Junior School Level to Improve Artistic Ability Using Tamazight Fonts

    OpenAIRE

    Aboalgasm, Aber; Ward, Rupert

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this research is to explore how pupils in art classes can use creative digital art tools to redesign Tamazight fonts, in order to develop children’s artistic creativity, enable them to learn about a new culture, and to help the teacher assess the creativity of pupils in the art class. It can also help students to improve their talents in drawing. The study could relate to research in Libya among the Amazigh people (better known as Berber) and possibly the development of Tamazight f...

  14. A Study on the Development of Social Thinking Abilities and Judgment Abilities in Junior High School Students I : Through the Analysis of the Questionnaire Using Contents of the History

    OpenAIRE

    梅津, 正美; 加藤, 寿朗; 前田, 健一; 新見,直子; 大島, 悟; 竹崎, 葉子; 原, 義昭; 前島, 美佐江

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study is to clarify developmental transformations in social perception through a developmental survey which focuses on social thinking abilities and judgment abilities in junior high school students. This survey and analysis, while assuming social thinking abilities and judgment abilities in the context of social sciences to be composed of the five elements of actual judgment abilities, inductive inference abilities, deductive reasoning abilities, social judgment abiliti...

  15. Teachers' Oral Corrective Feedback and Its Influence on Learner Uptake in the Classes of Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Minority Stu-dents in Xinjiang Junior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yao-yao

    2016-01-01

    The present study explored the features and the effectiveness of teachers' oral CF in the classrooms of Teaching Eng-lish as a Foreign Language (TEFL) for minority students in Xinjiang junior high schools. The analytical framework of this study consulted Lyster's (1998) coding scheme. 720 minutes of classroom observation were recorded and transcribed. The database was coded and the distribution of errors, CF and uptake was analyzed.

  16. Group Guidance Services with Self-Regulation Technique to Improve Student Learning Motivation in Junior High School (JHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pranoto, Hadi; Atieka, Nurul; Wihardjo, Sihadi Darmo; Wibowo, Agus; Nurlaila, Siti; Sudarmaji

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at: determining students motivation before being given a group guidance with self-regulation technique, determining students' motivation after being given a group counseling with self-regulation technique, generating a model of group counseling with self-regulation technique to improve motivation of learning, determining the…

  17. The Impact of School Violence on Self-Esteem and Depression among Taiwanese Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ji-Kang; Wei, Hsi-Sheng

    2011-01-01

    The majority of research on the outcome of school violence has been conducted in Western countries. Empirical studies on how school violence impacts student psychological well-being in a Chinese cultural context are relatively limited. The aim of this study was to address this gap by exploring how student maltreatment by teachers, student…

  18. Using Phenomenology to Study how Junior and Senior High School Students in Japan Perceive their Volunteer Efforts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayoko Ueda

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to describe the methods used in a phenomenological study aimed at understanding students' perceptions of volunteer experiences from the viewpoint of their existential meanings. In Japan, as volunteer activities have just been recently introduced to youth education, it is necessary to verify the effect of the activity on the students. The authors present phenomenological reduction, which is a fundamental concept in phenomenology, as a health care research method to elucidate the essence of people's lived experiences. The 22 statements presented from volunteer students' group discussion after their practices were redescribed by phenomenological reduction, a method of valid interpretation based on their embodiment and desire. The phenomenological approach allows us to understand the essence of students' perceptions in terms of their purpose in life, which suggests that educators could inspire the students to realize existential growth by participating in volunteer activities through practical communications with others.

  19. Sexuality Education in Junior High Schools in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, N.; Shinohara, H.; Tashiro, M.; Suzuki, S.; Hirose, H.; Ikeya, H.; Ushitora, K.; Komiya, A.; Watanabe, M.; Motegi, T.; Morioka, M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to determine via responses to three questionnaire surveys how sexuality education programs are conducted at junior high schools in Japan. Study 1 examined the practice of sexuality education in schools, Study 2 investigated junior high school students' (age 12-13 and 14-15 years) knowledge of sexuality, and Study 3 examined…

  20. Junior Middle School Students with Learning Difficulties in English Teaching Strategies of%初中英语学困生教学策略小议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张人元

    2014-01-01

    On the junior middle school English Teaching of middle school students trapped causes are analyzed briefly, discusses the method of transformation of learning difficulties’, greatly improving the students’ learning situation, eliminate underachievers disgust and fear of English, the realization of the transformation of the students with learning difficulties. Discusses three transformation of teaching strategies:cultivating interest of current;starting from the habit;method, advocates insist. Based on the three strategies about, all sorts of problems that may arisein the process of learning methods and learning are analyzed from the emotional experience of students , and the solving methods are put forward.%对初中英语教学中学困生成因进行了简要的分析,讨论了转化学困生的方法,极大地改善了学生的学习状况,消除了学困生对英语的厌恶与恐惧,实现了对学困生的转化。探讨了三个转化教学策略:培养兴趣现行;从养成习惯开始;方法为辅,倡导坚持。通过对三个策略的讲述,从学生的情感体验、学习方法以及学习过程中可能出现的种种问题进行了分析,并给出解决方法。

  1. The present situation of the junior middle school students English course load, and countermeasures study "ease the burden"%初中生英语课业负担的现状及“减负”对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高俊霞; 李建华

    2015-01-01

    课业负担是我国中小学特有的现象,一直以来受到了社会各界的关注。为了解承德市初中生英语课业负担的现状,课题组首先对初中生英语课业负担进行了调查,在此基础上提出了初中英语教师相应的给学生“减负”的对策。%The schoolwork burden is a peculiar phenomenon of primary and secondary schools in our country, has been attracting the attention of the society from all walks of life. To understand the status quo of Chengde city junior high school students English course load, the team first surveyed the junior middle school students English schoolwork burden, on the basis of this puts forward the corresponding to the student junior middle school English teachers "burden" of countermeasures.

  2. Few differences found in the typical eating and physical activity habits of lower-level and upper-level university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driskell, Judy A; Kim, Young-Nam; Goebel, Kelly J

    2005-05-01

    Typical eating and exercise habits of a group of lower-level (freshmen/sophomores, n=144) and upper-level (juniors/seniors, n=114) students, 19 to 25 years of age, attending a midwestern university were compared. Both groups reported similar snacking practices, nonalcoholic beverage consumption, places of meal consumption, factors influencing food choices, duration and frequency of various types of physical activity, and places of physical performance, with few exceptions. Significant differences between groups were observed for typical afternoon snack consumption, frequency of eating in university cafeterias, typical time spent walking, typical frequency of performing other aerobic activities, and factors that most influenced their physical activity habits. Few differences existed in typical eating and physical activity habits of lower- and upper-level students.

  3. Self-Evaluated Effects of Web-Based Portfolio Assessment System for Various Student Motivation Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chi-Cheng

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the self-evaluated effects of a web-based portfolio assessment system on various categories of students of motivation. The subjects for this study were the students of two computer classes in a Junior High School. The experimental group used the web-based portfolio assessment system whereas the control…

  4. Self-Evaluated Effects of Web-Based Portfolio Assessment System for Various Student Motivation Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chi-Cheng

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the self-evaluated effects of a web-based portfolio assessment system on various categories of students of motivation. The subjects for this study were the students of two computer classes in a Junior High School. The experimental group used the web-based portfolio assessment system whereas the control…

  5. Investigation on the Examination Anxiety of Junior High ;School Students%对初中生考试焦虑调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹响太

    2013-01-01

    Examination anxiety, a special psychological reaction of examinees to examinations, is a psychological state with anxiety as its feature, escape as its behavior and negative mood as its ex-pression. Junior high school students have many psychological problems, among which anxiety is a prominent one. Through an investigation on examination anxiety, corresponding measures are proposed in this paper.%考试焦虑是考生对考试的一种特殊的心理反应,是一种以担忧为特征、以逃避为行为方式、以消极情绪表现出来的心理状态。初中生存在很多的心理问题,焦虑问题是其中比较突出的。因此,本文通过对考试焦虑进行调查研究,以提出相应的应对措施。

  6. A cognition and demand survey on chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship in a tumor hopspital from Sichuan province%对四川省某肿瘤专科医院护生实习前化疗防护认知及需求情况的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾; 缪艳; 易勇

    2013-01-01

    students had lower cognitive level and higher cognitive demand on pre-chemotherapy self-protection,and gained less knowledge from medical website and magazine.And,there were no significant differences between two groups of nursing students in teaching methods by which they want to gain chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge (P > 0.05).Condusions Curriculum system and teaching methods for oncology nursing should be improved,and the students should receive a systematic training of chemotherapy protection knowledge,especially junior college nursing students.

  7. Relations Between Paternal and Maternal Harsh Disciplines and Junior Middle School Students' Externalizing Problem Behaviors%父母严厉管教与初中生外化问题行为的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蓓; 魏志民; 邢晓沛; 王美芳

    2012-01-01

    目的:考察父亲和母亲的严厉管教与初中生外化问题行为的关系.方法:采用Straus编制的亲子冲突解决策略量表和Achenbach儿童行为量表的儿童自我报告版测查1070名初中生.结果:①初中男生遭受的父亲严厉管教的频繁性高于女生.初中男生遭受母亲体罚的频繁性高于女生.初二学生遭受母亲心理攻击的频繁性显著高于初一学生.②父亲和母亲的心理攻击、体罚和身体虐待均与初中生外化问题行为存在显著正相关.③父亲和母亲的心理攻击、母亲的体罚和身体虐待可以显著预测初中生的外化问题行为,但父亲的体罚和身体虐待不能显著预测初中生的外化问题行为.结论:父母实施严厉管教行为的频繁性受到初中生性别和年龄的影响,并且父母亲的严厉管教对初中生外化问题行为具有一定的预测作用.%Objective: To examine the effect of parental harsh disciplines on junior middle school students' externaliz-ing problem behaviors. Methods: One thousand and seventy junior middle school students completed the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales and the YSR. Results: The frequency of paternal harsh discipline was higher for boys than for girls. The frequency of maternal corporal punishment was higher for boys than for girls. The frequency of maternal psycho-logical aggression was higher for the 8th grade students than for the 7th. The correlations between parental harsh discipline and junior middle school students' externalizing problem behaviors were significant. Paternal and maternal psychological aggression, maternal corporal punishment and physical abuse could significantly predict junior middle school students' externalizing problem behaviors, but paternal corporal punishment and physical abuse couldn' t significantly predict junior middle school students' externalizing problem behaviors. Conclusion: The frequency of parental harsh discipline is affect-ed by junior

  8. The Relationship between Meta-worry and Test Anxiety of Junior High School Students:The Mediating Effects of Academic Self-efficacy%初中生元担忧与考试焦虑的关系:学业自我效能感的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠惠; 黄露莹

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between junior middle school students'meta-worry,academic self-efficacy and test anxiety in order to prevent and relieve the test anxiety of junior high school students .Methods Using meta-worry scale,academic self-efficacy questionnaire ,test anxiety scale to survey 297 junior school students in Ningxia .Results ①Meta-worry had a significantly posi-tive correlation with test anxiety(r=0.52,P<0.01);Test anxiety had a significantly negative correlation with academic self-efficacy (r=-0.34,P<0.01);Meta-worry had a significantly negative correlation with academic self-efficacy(r=-0.18,P<0.05);②Accord-ing to the structural equation model ,academic self-efficacy plays a partially intermediary role in the relationship between meta-worry and test anxiety(8.78%of the total effect).Conclusion The meta-worry of junior high school students has a major impact on test anxiety , and it reduces the level of academic self-efficacy,leading to the test anxiety .%目的:探讨元担忧、学业自我效能感及考试焦虑的关系,为预防和缓解初中生考试焦虑提供实证依据。方法采用元担忧量表、学业自我效能感问卷、考试焦虑量表对297名初中生进行问卷调查。结果①元担忧与考试焦虑显著正相关( r=0.52,P<0.01),考试焦虑与学业自我效能感显著负相关(r=-0.34,P<0.01),元担忧与学业自我效能感显著负相关(r=-0.18,P<0.05);②在元担忧对考试焦虑的预测中,学业自我效能感发挥了部分中介作用,中介效应占总效应的8.78%。结论元担忧对考试焦虑有重要影响,并且会降低学业自我效能感,从而导致考试焦虑。

  9. 杭州市城区初中生体力活动行为与认知状况调查%Behavior and knowledge on physical activity among urban junior students in Hangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳军; 刘庆敏; 吕筠; 李立明

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解杭州市城区初中生体力活动行为与认知情况.方法 选取杭州市4549名城区初中生进行自填式问卷调查,了解初中生校内外体力活动、静态活动和对体力活动的看法.结果 4549名初中生中仅7.50%每天体力活动时间≥60 min.初中生每日校外做作业约2h,周末约3h,其他坐着活动的时间每日≥30 min和周末约2h的比例最高.初中生每天60 min参加体力活动保持健康的知晓率仅为24.63%,不同年级和性别的学生对体力活动作用的认识差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 杭州市城区初中生仍然缺乏体力活动和相关知识,应开展干预活动促进其体力活动的水平.%Objective To study the status of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors and relevant knowledge to it among junior students.Methods In a cross-sectional study,a selfadministered questionnaire was used to assess the PA,sedentary behaviors and relevant knowledge on 4549 eligible urban junior students.Results Among the 4549 junior students,only 7.50% engaged in ≥60 minutes of PA,per day.Those junior students spending 2 hours on weekdays,3 hours on weekends in doing homework and those spending ≥30 min on weekdays,2 hours on weekends in doing other sedentary activities,accounted for the highest proportion of the subjects respectively.The awareness rate of spending at least 60 minutes each day on PA to stay fit and healthy was 24.63%.Differences in gender and grade at school were significantly on ‘understanding of health benefits regarding PA' (P<0.05).Conclusion Urban junior students were lack of awareness and appropriate behavior on physical activities so the related intervention should be taken actively to improve the current situation among the adolescents at school.

  10. 小组工作介入农村留守初中生自我控制的应用研究%Team work in the rural left-behind junior high school students self control of application research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡远飞

    2015-01-01

    对于留守初中生来说,影响其生活的心理品质更多地取决于自我控制的强弱,但留守的境况中家庭教育缺失很容易导致自我控制能力的缺乏。基于此,特对留守初中生自我控制能力的提高进行研究,通过制定小组方案计划在贵州省瓮安县Y中学开展社会工作实务,运用小组工作的专业方法来提高农村留守初中生的自我控制能力,提出小组方法在提高留守初中生自我控制能力应用上的适应性和有效性。研究和实践显示:小组工作方法适用于相关的教育和管理实践活动,它对于留守初中生的自我控制能力的提高有着切实的积极意义。%For the left-behind junior middle school students, affect their psychological quality of life more depends on the strength of the self-control, but staying in the circumstances of the lack of family education could easily lead to the lack of self-control. Based on this, the improvement of left-behind junior high school students self control ability is studied, through formulating the plan of team project in Guizhou province Weng 'an Y schools of social work practice, using professional team work method to raise rural left-behind junior high school students self control ability, group method is put forward to raise the left-behind junior middle school students self-control adaptability and effectiveness of the application. Research and practice shows that: group work method is suitable for the education and management practice, it rises to the self-control ability of left-behind junior middle school students had a positive practical significance.

  11. House dust mite allergen level and allergen sensitization as risk factors for asthma among student in Central Jakarta

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This study is a community-based study to get an overview about House Dust Mite (HDM) allergen level, allergen sensitization as risk factors of asthma. This is a cross-sectional study on 3,840 students from 19 junior high schools, aged 13-14 years. All of the respondents filled out the International Study on Asthma and Allergy in Children (ISAAC) questionnaire. Of 3840 respondents, 288 (7.5%) were assigned to asthma group (experience wheezing during the last 12 months). The skin prick test was...

  12. The Effect of Diet on Learning of Junior High School Students in Mashhad, North-east of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Since nutrition, especially in childhood and adolescence is an important effect on intelligence and learning, so that malnutrition delayed to later periods of life, so that these people during the course of studies, will have many problems, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutrition on student learning. Materials and Methods This study was a cross-sectional study  that was conducted. The sample size was  all students that studying in a boarding school in  five d...

  13. 大专护生评判性思维的调查及相关因素分析%Investigation of critical thinking and analysis of its relevant factors of junior college nursing student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁俊菊; 杨红; 王瑞敏; 杜秋华; 兰丁; 李佟玲

    2011-01-01

    目的 测评大专护生评判性思维能力并分析其影响因素,为改革护理专业大专的课程设置及教学策略提供参考依据.方法 采用评判性思维测量表(CTS)对我校护理专业94名大专学生进行问卷调查.结果 大专护生CTS总分平均为81.81分,说明具有正性评判性思维能力;其评判性思维能力与曾在班委或学生会任职和兼职呈负相关.结论 学校应在人才培养、课程设置和教学方法等方面深化改革,进一步培养和强化护生评判性思维的能力.%Objective To investigate critical thinking of junior college nursing student and analyze the relevant factors, so as to provide basis for curriculum reform and teaching strategy in nursing college. Methods 94junior college nursing students were surveyed with Critical Thinking Scale (CTS). Results Average score of CTS of junior college nursing students was 81.81, indicating positively critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skill was negatively associated with attendance of class committee or student union. Conclusions Colleges should promote reform of student cultivation, curriculum settings and teaching method, and develop and intensify critical thinking of the students.

  14. Extracapsular cataract extraction training: junior ophthalmology residents' self-reported satisfaction level with their proficiency and initial learning barrier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, Daniel Shu Wei; Tan, Sarah; Lee, Shu Yen; Rosman, Mohamad; Aw, Ai Tee; Yeo, Ian Yew San

    2015-07-01

    To investigate residents' self-reported satisfaction level with their proficiency in extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) surgery and the initial barriers to learning the procedure. This is a single-centre prospective descriptive case series involving eight first-year ophthalmology residents in Singapore National Eye Center. We recorded the demographics, frequency of review by the residents of their own surgical videos and their satisfaction level with their proficiency at each of the ECCE steps using a 5-point Likert scale. All ECCE surgical videos between October 2013 and May 2014 were collected and analysed for the overall time taken for the surgery and the time taken to perform the individual steps of the procedure. The mean age of the residents was 27.6 ± 1.5 years and 62.5% (5/8) were women. More than half (62.5%, 5/8) reviewed their own surgical videos while 37.5% (3/8) discussed the surgical videos with their peers or supervisors. Of the ECCE steps, the residents were most dissatisfied with their proficiency in performing irrigation and aspiration (87.5%, 7/8), followed by suturing (62.5%, 5/8), intraocular lens insertion (62.5%, 5/8) and tin can capsulotomy (62.5%, 5/8). The average time taken for each ECCE case was 55.0 ± 12.2 min and, of all the steps, most time was spent on suturing (20.5 ± 6.8 min), followed by irrigation and aspiration (5.5 ± 3.6 min) and tin can capsulotomy (3.3 ± 1.8 min). The first-year ophthalmology residents were most dissatisfied with their proficiency in irrigation/aspiration, suturing and tin can capsulotomy. More training needs to be directed to these areas during teaching sessions in the operating room, wet laboratory or cataract simulation training sessions. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  15. 在初中语文教学中培养学生思维能力,打造高效课堂%Cultivate Students Thinking Ability, Build Efficient Classroomin the Junior Middle School Chinese Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李元璋

    2014-01-01

    近年来,随着新课标的不断开展,初中语文教学也在不断的克服传统教学弊端,向着新课标的教学目标靠拢。随着中学语文课程的改革和素质教育相关措施的实施,打造一个高效的初中语文课堂成了中学语文老师的共识。由初中语文课堂教学中存在的问题入手,分析如何在初中语文课堂培养学生的创造性思维,让学生迸发思维的光芒。%In recent years,with the development of new curriculum,junior middle school Chinese teaching has been overcome traditional teaching malpractice,moved closer to the teaching goal. As the reform of the middle school Chinese curriculum and the implementation of quality education of the measures,building an efficient junior middle school language classroom has become the consensus of the middle school language teacher. In this paper, from the existing problems in Chinese classroom teaching in junior middle school,we will anallyze this issue that how to cultivate the students' creative thinking,and how to let the students burst thinking.

  16. The Exploration Based on Hierarchy of Needs Theory in the Management of the Five-year Junior College Students%基于需要层次理论的五年制专科学生管理探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩张娜

    2011-01-01

    This paper proceeds with the characteristics of tile five - year junior college students, analyzes me relation between the needs of the five -year junior college student and Maslow's hierarchy theory of needs, and makes use it to the students'management work. It will meet the students' longing needs, esteem needs and selfactualization needs through physiological needs, safety needs, love and bethe various measures , and will promote the continuous improvement of the five -year junior college students' management work.%从五年一贯制专科学生的特点入手,分析了五年制专科学生需要与马斯洛的需要层次理论的对应关系,并将其应用到学生管理工作中,通过各种管理措施满足学生生理需要、安全需要、归属和爱的需要、尊重需要和自我实现的需要,促进五年制专科学生管理工作的不断完善。

  17. Perceptions of Junior Doctors and Undergraduate Medical Students as Anatomy Teachers: Investigating Distance along the Near-Peer Teaching Spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Samuel; Stephens, Jonathan; Andrade, Teu; Davids, Joseph; Powell, Matthew; Border, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Near-peer teaching involves more experienced students acting as tutors and has been widely used in anatomy education. This approach has many advantages for the learner due to the social and cognitive congruence they share with the teacher, however, the influence of distance between the teacher and learner on these congruences has yet to be…

  18. Voices of the Oppressed in Higher Education: A Case Study of Two-Year Junior College Students in Taipei, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chen-Wei

    2009-01-01

    In this dissertation, I study how Taiwanese vocational students as an oppressed group within the higher education system perceive, interpret, adapt or resist, and struggle to change the inequitable social structure. The theoretical framework in this research is constructed from Paulo Freire's ideas in "Pedagogy of the Oppressed,"…

  19. Using an Arts-Integrated Multimodal Approach to Promote English Learning: A Case Study of Two Taiwanese Junior College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hsiao-Chien

    2014-01-01

    The theory of learning multimodality is receiving greater attention. Its application in language learning classes is also increasing in number. Since Chinese-speaking EFL learners are likely to be visual learners, as an instructor of Taiwanese EFL students, I have come to believe that arts integrated, multimodal projects help less confident and…

  20. Nutrition education based on health belief model improves dietary calcium intake among female students of junior high schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naghashpour, Mahshid; Shakerinejad, Ghodratollah; Lourizadeh, Mohammad Reza; Hajinajaf, Saeedeh; Jarvandi, Farzaneh

    2014-09-01

    This study examined the effects of a nutrition education programme based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of dietary calcium in female students. In this interventional study, 188 students were placed into intervention (95) and control (93) groups. The intervention group participated in a nutrition education programme. Students in both the groups completed KAP and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline and after two and three months of follow-up respectively. The data were analyzed by independent and paired t-tests. Those who received the intervention were found to have better attitude (p=0.049) and practice (p=0.005) scores compared to the controls. The HBM constructs, including perceived susceptibility (p=0.006), perceived severity (p=0.001), perceived benefits (p=0.002), perceived barriers (p=0.001), and taking health action (p=0.02) scores, were also significantly higher. The findings support the effectiveness of nutrition education based on the HBM in improving the knowledge, attitude, and practice relating to calcium intake among adolescent students.

  1. Investigation on Disable Junior Students Participating in Sports Activity in Guangzhou City%广州市青少年残疾学生参与体育的现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶条凤; 缪本海

    2011-01-01

    Through using the method of literature review and questionnaire, this paper makes investigation on 359 students from 8 special schools in Guangzhou, analyzes the disable junior students participating in sports activity, influencing factors and puts forwar%采用文献法和问卷调查法,对广州市8所特殊中学的359名在校学生进行了调查,分析了青少年残疾学生参与体育的现状、影响因素,并提出了相应的发展建议。

  2. Study on the cohesion and coherence in English teaching between junior middle school and vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范佳

    2012-01-01

      English in junior middle school is the basis of English in vocational school. As the current situation of vocational school students' English is unsatisfactory after they graduate from junior middle school and the study on the cohesion and coherence in English teaching between junior middle school and vocational school is a little. According to the current situation,this paper aims to search the ways of connecting junior middle school English teaching and vocational school English teaching. We can find the relationship between junior middle school English teaching and vocational school English teaching and the ways to help the vocational school students learn English wel .

  3. A Survey on The Knowledge, Attitude and Confidence Level of Adult Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Among Junior Doctors in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia and Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chew F Z A W M N, K S; Mohd Hashairi, F; Ida Zarina, Z; Shaik Farid, A W; Abu Yazid, M N; Nik Hisamuddin, N A R

    2011-03-01

    Junior doctors are often the "first line" doctors called to attend to patients in cardiac arrest. We performed an anonymous questionnaire study from October 2008 to December 2008 to assess the knowledge, attitude and skill of cardiopulmonary resuscitation among junior doctors in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia and Hospital Raja Perempuan Zainab II. Out of the 100 questionnaire forms sent out, 70 were returned completed. The majority (85.8%) stated that they were not confident of managing a resuscitation case. There was a statistically significant (p<0.001) association between duration of clinical practice and confidence level. Up to 77.1% said that BLS should be re-certified every two years.

  4. Pygmalion Effect on Junior English Teaching

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yurong Wang; Li Lin

    2014-01-01

    .... This thesis mainly focuses on the application of Pygmalion effect in English teaching, especially junior English teaching in China. If we can make good use of the Pygmalion Effect to conduct teaching and have positive expectations to students, it will improve teaching greatly.

  5. Mathematics for Junior High School. Supplementary Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is a supplementary SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include sets, projective geometry, open and closed paths, finite…

  6. Curriculum Reviews: Middle/Junior High Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, Richard

    1982-01-01

    Reviews "Pathways in Science" (Globe Book Company), designed as a complete middle/junior high school science program. Strengths (including sixth-grade readability) and weaknesses (indicating that limited process skill development may not challenge more capable students). Limited process skill development and the possibility for the program…

  7. Santa Fe Junior College, Gainesville, Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudill, Rowlett and Scott, Architects, Houston, TX.

    The design of Santa Fe Junior College is examined, beginning with the development of an educational philosophy. Subsequent design decisions are based largely upon this philosophy which emphasizes the development of the individual student and the fulfillment of his needs. Further, the need for flexibility is recognized and is an important aspect of…

  8. In search of an effective teaching approach for skill acquisition and retention: Teaching manual defibrillation to junior medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Elize Archer; Daniël J. van Hoving; Adele de Villiers

    2015-01-01

    Although overloaded curricula, the increasing student to educator ratio, limited resources, insufficient curriculum alignment and the unpredictable clinical learning environment contribute to the decay of clinical skill competency, the problem of poor skill retention often lies in inadequate skill acquisition which is associated with the quality of the instruction. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of three different instructional approaches on the acquisition and retentio...

  9. "Junior Doctor Decision Making: Isn't that an Oxymoron?" A Qualitative Analysis of Junior Doctors' Ward-Based Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Stephanie; Mattick, Karen; Postlethwaite, Keith

    2013-01-01

    Unacceptable levels of adverse healthcare events, combined with changes to training, have put the spotlight on junior doctor decision-making. This study aimed to describe the decisions made by junior doctors and the contextual factors influencing how decisions were made and justified. Stimulated recall interviews with 20 junior doctors across five…

  10. "Junior Doctor Decision Making: Isn't that an Oxymoron?" A Qualitative Analysis of Junior Doctors' Ward-Based Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Stephanie; Mattick, Karen; Postlethwaite, Keith

    2013-01-01

    Unacceptable levels of adverse healthcare events, combined with changes to training, have put the spotlight on junior doctor decision-making. This study aimed to describe the decisions made by junior doctors and the contextual factors influencing how decisions were made and justified. Stimulated recall interviews with 20 junior doctors across five…

  11. Perceived environment system of tobacco experimentation among junior middle school students in Shanghai%上海市初中生尝试吸烟的环境感知系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡泳; 李娜; 朱静芬; 何亚平; 陆琳; 乔韵; 马进

    2012-01-01

    目的 对上海市初中生尝试吸烟的环境感知系统进行分析,为初中生控烟工作提供依据.方法 通过横断面研究,采用分层整群抽样的方式,对上海市23所初中的12413名初中生的尝试吸烟情况及环境感知系统进行调查;并对感知系统中的因素进行Logistic回归分析,分析其对尝试吸烟的影响.结果 初中生尝试吸烟率为6.8%,男生的尝试吸烟率为9.3%,明显高于女生的4.6%(P<0.001).多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示:环境感知系统中的7项因素对初中生尝试吸烟行为均有影响,主要因素包括同伴吸烟压力(OR =4.12,95%CI:3.50~4.84)、家庭烟草暴露多(OR=1.46,95%CI:1.38 ~1.96)、媒体烟草暴露多(OR=1.40,95%CI:1.19~ 1.65)以及吸烟认同度高(OR=1.37,95%CI:1.17~1.60).结论 环境感知系统中各项因素均与初中生尝试吸烟行为的发生密切相关,应作为初中生控烟工作的重点.%Objective To analyse the perceived environment system of tobacco experimentation among junior middle school students in Shanghai. Methods Cross-sectional study was conducted among 12 413 students from 23 junior middle schools in Shanghai by stratified cluster sampling. The conditions of tobacco experimentation and perceived environment system of these students were surveyed. The potential factors in perceived environment system were assessed using Logistic regression analysis, and their impact on tobacco experimentation was analysed. Results The rate of tobacco experimentation in junior middle school students was 6. 8% . The rate of tobacco experimentation of boy students was 9. 3% , which was significantly higher than that of girl students (4. 6%) (P < 0. 001) . Multivariate regression analysis indicated that 7 factors in perceived environment system had impact on tobacco experimentation in junior middle school students, which included high smoking press from peers ( OR =4. 12, 95% CI: 3. 50 -4. 84) , more exposure to

  12. 内地西藏班(校)初中生自我效能感与学业成绩的关系%The Relationship Between Self-efficacy and Academic Achievement of Junior High School Students in the Mainland Tibetan Class(School)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉苒; 黄玉峤; 于娟

    2012-01-01

    With the methods of self-efficacy comprehensive scale,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 262 Junior High School Students in the Mainland Tibetan Class(School) to explore the relationship between their self-efficacy and academic achievement.Results show that most students' self-efficacy is in the medium level;there is no significant sex disparity in general self-efficacy and academic self-efficacy,but there are significant gender differences in self-adjusting learning efficacy;General self-efficacy in preppie is supreme,while there is no obvious discrepancy between the junior one and junior two students in their general self-efficacy;academic self-efficacy and self-adjusting learning efficacy of preppie,junior one and two students decrease with higher grade;academic self-efficacy and self-adjusting learning efficacy show a significant positive correlation with academic achievement.%采用自我效能感综合量表对262名内地西藏班(校)初中生进行调查,探讨其自我效能感与学业成绩的关系。结果表明:多数学生的自我效能感均处于中等水平;一般自我效能感和学业自我效能感无显著性别差异,自我调节学习效能感存在显著性别差异;预科生的一般自我效能感最高,初一、初二学生的一般自我效能感无显著年级差异,预科至初二学生的学业自我效能感和自我调节学习效能感随年级升高而降低;学业自我效能感、自我调节学习效能感与学业成绩呈显著正相关。

  13. Self-Esteem and Religiosity: Comparison of 13- to 15-Year-Old Students in Catholic and Public Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagley, Christopher; Mallick, Kanka

    1997-01-01

    Self-esteem and religious participation were studied in 410 public school and 494 Catholic school students in Canadian schools. Self-esteem was similar in both samples, but a higher level of self-esteem was associated with religious participation regardless of the denomination with which the student was affiliated. (SLD)

  14. Variables that influence junior secondary school students‟ attitude ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Variables that influence junior secondary school students‟ attitude to agricultural ... and cluster) sampling techniques was employed to select a sample of 254 students. ... It was recommended that efforts be geared towards implementation of ...

  15. Effects of Cloze Instructional Approach on Junior Secondary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of Cloze Instructional Approach on Junior Secondary School Students' ... comprehension achievement in English language using Owerri Educational Zone. ... basis for incorporating the cloze approach as a method of teaching reading ...

  16. Intangible Capital: An opportunity for PhD students and junior researchers Intangible Capital: Una oportunidad para doctorandos y autores noveles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pep Simo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this editorial is to present the most important Intangible Capital milestones of 2008. During the last year, the Intangible Capital published its 4th volume, together with information regarding the journal’s visibility and the first results of a satisfaction survey conducted among the authors, who submitted a paper for evaluation. In addition, the annex presents the list of reviewers and the Editorial Board members who have enabled the publication of the fourth volume of the Intangible Capital. This editorial also provides information regarding the aspects that indicate the beginning of the journal’s consolidation, and the importance of maintaining the basic principles that gave rise to this publication. The editorial concludes by encouraging PhD advisors, doctoral students and junior researchers the Intangible Capital a potential outlet for their work.El objetivo de esta editorial es exponer los hitos más importantes acontecidos en el volumen anterior (volumen 4, los datos de visibilidad y por primera vez los resultados de una encuesta de satisfacción realizada a los autores que han enviado durante 2008 alguna publicación a evaluación. Además, en el anexo se expone la relación de revisores y miembros del Editorial Board que han hecho posible el cuarto volumen de esta publicación. Por último, se concluye sobre los aspectos que indican el principio de una consolidación de la revista, y la importancia de mantener los principios básicos que dieron origen a esta publicación. Animando a directores de tesis, estudiantes de doctorado y autores noveles a enviar sus primeros trabajos a evaluación.

  17. 初中生家庭教养方式与人格的相关性%The Relationship between Junior School Students'Parenting Styles and Personality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊; 王佳; 袁靖姣; 李连玲; 刘晓丽; 井西学

    2016-01-01

    目的:比较我国初中生不同的家庭教养方式和人格在城乡之间的差异,掌握初中生父母不同家庭教养方式与人格之间的相关程度。方法:采用父母教养方式评价量表、艾森克人格问卷(少年版)对沧州市及潍坊市307名初中生进行问卷调查。结果:①城市与农村户口的初中生在父亲过度干涉上差异有统计学意义,城市得分高于农村(t=19.83,P<00.5);②城市和农村户口的初中生在内外向维度上差异有统计学意义,城市得分高于农村(t=20.71,P<00.5);③在精神质维度上,与父、母的情感温暖与理解呈负相关(r=-02.35,-02.56;P<00.1),与父、母的惩罚、严厉,过度干涉,拒绝、否认,过度保护呈正相关( r=03.54,01.92,03.69,02.15;03.61,02.34,03.47;P<00.1),在内外向维度上,与父、母的情感温暖与理解(r=01.21,01.29;P<00.5),父亲的过度干涉呈正相关(r=01.29,P<00.5),在神经质维度上,与父、母的拒绝、否认及惩罚、严厉,过度保护呈正相关( r=0.195,0.171,0.174;0.262,02.47,02.64;P<00.1),与父亲的过分干涉呈正相关(r=01.22,P<00.5),在掩饰性上,与父、母的情感温暖、理解呈正相关(r=02.21,02.31;P<00.1),与父、母的惩罚、严厉,拒绝、否认呈负相关(r=-01.70,-02.16;-02.24,-02.62;P<00.1)。结论:①城市父亲较农村父亲过度干涉孩子较多;②城市孩子较农村孩子人格外向,渴望刺激和冒险,情感易于冲动;③积极的家庭教养方式容易形成稳定、外向、坦诚的人格特征,消极的家庭教养方式则易形成不稳定、内向、虚伪的人格特征。%Objective:To compare urban and rural junior school students'parenting styles and personality traits and

  18. The learning continuum of ecology based on teachers' opinion about student's level of competence and specific pedagogical learning material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramesti, Indah Cahaya; Subali, Bambang

    2017-08-01

    This study aims at designing learning continuum for developing a curriculum based on teachers' opinion about student's level of competence and specific pedagogical learning material on ecological aspect targeted for students of Primary and Secondary Education. This research is a descriptive research using survey methods. The researchers conducted a census by distributing questionnaires that had been validated from the aspects of construct validity and experts judgements to 147 natural science teachers at junior high school and 134 Biology teachers at senior high school as a population throughout 4 regencies and 1 city in Yogyakarta Special Region.. Data analysis techniques used descriptive analysis. In conclusion, teacher's opinion is influenced by curriculum that exist today. According to the opinions of Natural Science teachers at Junior High School, most of the ecological aspects such as characteristics of biomes, characteristics of ecosystems, characteristics of communities, characteristics of populations, etc. should be taught in grade VII with the level of competence: to understand (C2), while Biology teachers at Senior High School state that the ecological aspect should be taught in class X with the level of competence: to understand (C2), apply (C3) and analyze (C4). Teachers should be a privy in the formulation of the curriculum, so they're not only accept and apply the existing curriculum but also give opinions to improve the curriculum, especially in terms of ecology.

  19. 初中生自杀意念与生活事件及家庭环境的关系%Relationship between suicidal ideation and life events, family environment among junior high school students.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬冬; 刘金同; 史高岩; 杨楹; 张燕; 王旸

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨初中生自杀意念的现状及自杀意念与家庭环境特征、负性生活事件的关系.方法 采用自杀意念自评量表、青少年生活事件量表、家庭环境量表及一般情况调查问卷,调查济南市初中生共830人.结果 初中生年自杀意念检出率10.7%,且随着年级的增高呈上升的趋势(P<0.05).有无自杀意念两组在生活事件量表及家庭环境量表各因子上有显著性差异(P<0.05).自杀意念的影响因素包括:学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、其他因子、亲密度、知识性、独立性、矛盾性及道德宗教观.结论 初中生自杀意念的发生与不良的家庭环境、负性生活事件有密切的关系.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of suicide ideation on junior high school students and its relations with negative life events and family environment.Methods A total of 830 junior high school students from Jinan were assessed with self - rating idea of suicide scale ( SIOSS), adolescent self - rating life events checklist (ASLEC) ,family environment scale (FES).Results 10.7% junior high school students had suicidal ideation in the past year, and the prevelence of suicidal ideation significantly increased with the age.The scores of ASLEC, FES were significantly different between students with suicidal ideation and students without suicidal ideation (P < 0.05 ).The influencing factors of suicidal ideation included academic stress, punishment of parental and school discipline style, other life events factor, cohesion, conflict, independence, intellectual - cultural orientation, moral - religious emphasis.Conclusion Suicidal ideation are more likely emerge in junior high school students who experienced more negative life events and had unhealthy family environment.

  20. 农村初中英语学困生自信心的干预研究%Interference Study on the Confidence of Students with Learning Difficulties in English in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟; 苏静

    2012-01-01

    We categorized 28 students with learning difficuhies in English from a rural junior high school into experimental and control group randomly, and carried out group guidance for nine times, and measured their confidence before and after the group guid- ance, to explore if the confidence intervention - oriented group guidance have a positive impact on the academic achievements of students with learning difficulties in rural junior school. After the group guidance, the confidence of the experimental group has been improved obviously, and students has made certain progress in English. So, the confidence intervention - oriented group guidance has positive intervention effect on rural junior school students with learning difficulties in English.%我们将某农村中学28名英语学困生随机分为实验组与对照组,并对实验组进行9次团体辅导,在实施团体辅导前后采用自信心量表进行测量,探讨以自信心干预为主的团体辅导是否对农村初中英语学困生的成绩有积极影响。团体辅导后,实验组被试的自信心水平显著提高,且英语学习成绩取得一定的进步。所以,以自信心干预为主的团体辅导对农村初中英语学困生具有积极的干预效果。

  1. 广州部分初中生口腔健康教育效果评价%Effectiveness of oral health education program among junior school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨岚; 杨燕; 谢晖; 吴瑛; 张晓蓉; 曾素娟; 黄晓青; 吕槐青; 胡秀芬

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解学校口腔健康教育对于中学生口腔健康状况的改善作用,为寻求最佳的口腔健康教育模式提供依据.方法 选取广州市荔湾区的4所初中学校,每所学校选取2个初一班级,随机设置为教育组(194人)和对照组(186人).教育组每周进行1次口腔卫生宣教,对照组不采取任何干预措施.在教育前和教育后分别对学生的口腔健康行为和口腔健康状况进行检查.结果 口腔健康教育后,学生对口腔卫生相关知识的知晓率达到95.4%,龋齿发病得到了有效控制(1.0%),龋齿的充填率达到83.1%,简化软垢指数、简化牙石指数和牙龈指数均大幅度下降;与健康教育前相比,除龋均外,教育组和对照组的各项指标差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).结论 学校口腔健康教育对学生口腔健康保健水平有促进作用,是切实可行的方法.%Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of oral health education program on oral health among middle school students, and to formulate a better oral health education model. Methods Students of grade one from four junior middle schools in Liwan District, Guangzhou were randomly appointed as intervention and control groups. Intervention group students received a sequence of oral health education weekly, and control group students did not receive any education. Oral health and oral health behaviors were investigated before and after intervention. Results The awareness rate on oral health-related knowledge of intervention group students was 95.4%. The incidence of oral dental caries has been effectively controlled (1.0% ) ,and the filling rate of decayed teeth was 83.1%. Except the mean of DMFT, the filling rate increased and DI-S,CI-S and GI decreased significantly in intervention group compared with control. Conclusion School oral health education could promote oral health effectively among middle school students.

  2. Developing Teaching Materials PISA-Based for Mathematics and Science of Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somakim; Suharman, Andi; Madang, Kodri; Taufiq

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to develop valid and practical teaching materials for mathematics and science lesson PISA-based for junior high school students and to determine potential effects on students in scientific activity. Subjects of this study were students of Junior High School 9 Palembang (SMP Negeri 9 Palembang). The method used in this study is…

  3. Business Studies Academic Performance Differences of Secondary School Juniors in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udoukpong, Bassey E.; Emah, Ime E.; Umoren, Shirley E.

    2012-01-01

    The research examined the differences in the academic performance in Business Studies of a sampled secondary school junior students in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. A sample of 290 (138 male and 152 female) Junior Secondary Three (9th grade) students was surveyed. The students' variables' being examined vis-à-vis academic performance in Business…

  4. 郑州市2009年初中生慢性鼻-鼻窦炎调查%Investigation of chronic rhinosinusitis on junior middle school students in Zhengzhou area in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振宇; 李玲玲; 王海威; 李倩; 李社亭; 李灏然; 王江波; 王重建

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of chronic rhinosinusitis and its influence on life quality for junior middle school students in Zhengzhou Municipal.Methods Two thousand and twenty junior middle school students in Zhengzhou Municipal were randomly selected as the object of investigation by designed survey and visual analogue scale (VAS) questionnaire of chronic rhinosinusitis the sino-nasal outcome test-20 (SNOT-20) and nasal examination.Effect on the quality of life was investigated based on the degree of troubles caused by symptoms.Results The incidence of chronic rhinosinusitis in junior middle school students in Zhengzhou Municipal was 6.73% (136/2 020),in which,22.79% (31/136) of these students' quality of life was affected (VAS > 5).Conclusions Chronic rhinosinusitis is common in junior middle school students,and the life quality is affected.So we should pay attention to this diseases and take the positive and effective intervention measures.%目的 了解郑州市区初一学生慢性鼻-鼻窦炎疾病的患病情况及对其生活质量的影响程度.方法 按分层随机整群抽样法选取郑州市2 020名初一学生为调查对象;采用慢性鼻-鼻窦炎(chronic rhinosinusitis,CRS)相关症状调查表、视觉模拟量表(visual analogue scale,VAS)、鼻腔鼻窦结局测试20条(the sino-nasal outcome test-20,SNOT-20)及专科检查进行调查;依据症状对学生造成的困扰程度,调查其对学生生活质量的影响.结果 郑州市初一学生CRS的患病率为6.73%(136/2 020);患病学生中生活质量受到影响者(VAS >5)占22.79%(31/136).结论 所调查人群CRS患病率较高,对生活质量有较大影响,应重视该群体CRS的患病情况,采取积极有效的干预措施.

  5. The Influence of Feedforward Interview on Junior Middle School Students'Self-consciousness%前馈面谈对初中生自我意识的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏瑞雪; 寇明娇; 薛莹; 马兰刚

    2016-01-01

    目的:前馈面谈是通过引导受访者回忆以往的成功经历,诱发其积极体验,并分析成功的原因,将成功的经验延伸至个体未来工作的深度面谈技术。本研究首次尝试将前馈面谈应用于中学生群体,引导受访谈中学生进行积极的自我探索。方法:选取兰州市某中学45名学生,除去无效数据后,访谈组21人,对照组22人,对访谈组进行前馈面谈干预。结果:前测成绩作为协变量对学生的学习动机产生了影响( F=634.38,P<00.5),对正性情绪和自我效能感的影响均未见显著差异;对照组与访谈组的后测在正性情绪、自我效能感和学习动机3个方面均出现显著差异(F=60.08,47.48,74.84;P<00.5);在正性情绪、学习动机方面,后测3次成绩之间两两对比差异未见显著。自我效能感方面,后测与3个月后测之间差异显著,3个月后学生的自我效能感成绩高于后测成绩。结论:前馈面谈促进了初中学生自我意识的发展,并且该促进作用具有持久性。说明前馈面谈可以应用于中小学教育教学及其管理。%Objective:Feedforward interview is an individual interview technique by enabling each participant to re‐call their past successful experience ,induce they feel more positive experience ,and analyze the reason of success ,then extend the successful experience to the depth jobs in the future .The current study is the first attempt to apply feed‐forward interview to the group of the junior school student ,and conducts the interviewed students a positive self -discovery .Methods:45 junior school students were selectecl from Lanzhou .After removing invalid data ,interviews group was 21 people ,22 in the control group .Feedforward interview intervent was carried out in the interview group . Results:A pretest scores as covariate had influence on the students'learning motivation (F=63 4.38 ,P<0 0

  6. Development of Teaching Materials Based Interactive Scientific Approach towards the Concept of Social Arithmetic For Junior High School Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abadi, M. K.; Pujiastuti, H.; Assaat, L. D.

    2017-02-01

    The scientific approach is the characteristic of the curriculum 2013. In learning to use a scientific approach, learning process consists of five stages: observe, ask, try, reasoning and convey. In the curriculum 2013 the source of learning is a book, print media, electronic and about nature or relevant learning resources. Most of the print instructional materials on the market does not appropriate in the curriculum 2013. Teaching materials with a scientific approach, beside that to the teaching materials should motivate students to not be lazy, do not get bored, and more eager to learn mathematics. So the development of scientific-based interactive teaching materials that if this approach to answer the challenge. The purpose of this research is to create teaching materials appropriate to the curriculum 2013 that is based on scientific approach and interactive. This study used research and developed methodology. The results of this study are scientific based interactive teaching materials can be used by learners. That can be used by learners are then expected to study teaching materials can be used in android smartphone and be used portable.

  7. ENGLISH TASK TO DEVELOP THE STUDENTS’ COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE: A STUDY OF EDUKATIF WORK BOOK FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Rohma Wati

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study is mainly intended to find out the extent to which tasks in English work books are designed to develop the students’ communicative competence. The objective of this study is to describe how the tasks in Edukatif work books are designed to develop students’ discourse competence, linguistic competence, actional competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence. This study is a qualitative research which involves content analysis approach. The data are the tasks in Edukatif work books used by eight grade students of the first and second semester. In collecting the data, the writer uses documentation method. The data analysis used Huberman and Miles’ concept which involves data reduction, data display and verification. The findings show that among the five competences and its components of communicative com- petence, some components are not well developed in the work books. The tasks develop all components of discourse competence except one aspect in linguistic competence, that is, phonology. The tasks develop all components of actional competence except the speech act. The tasks develop components of sociolinguistic competence except the cultural and non-verbal communicative factor. The tasks develop only one component of strategic competence, that is, time gaining strategy. The conclusion is that the tasks in Edukatif work books are sufficient to develop the students’ discourse, linguistic, and actional competence. The tasks, however, are not sufficient to develop students’ sociolinguistic and strategic competence.

  8. 初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩的关系研究%Relationship between subjective well-being of junior high school students and their academic achievement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利钧; 杜东东

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩是否相关以及主观幸福感是否存在年级、性别、成绩及学校差异,为初中生心理健康教育提供依据.方法 采用分层抽样法选取大同市两所中学里的150名初中生作为研究对象,利用总体幸福感量表(General Well Being Schedule,Fazio,1977,简称GWB)进行间卷调查,将调查数据与每个同学的期中考试成绩一同用SPSS11.5进行相关分析、方差分析、方差齐性检验、t检验等.结果 初中生主观幸福感较高,男生均分为79.75,女生均分为79.88分(全国常模男性为75分,女性为71分);初中生主观幸福感不存在年级、性别、成绩及学校差异;他们的主观幸福感与学业成绩呈负相关,且与单科的语文成绩呈负相关,差异具有统计学意义,相关系数为一0.183 (P< 0.05).结论 初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩呈负相关;学业成绩优异的初中生,其主观幸福感反而较低,应引起足够的重视.%OBJECTIVE To research on the relationship between satisfaction and academic achievement, and whether there is significant difference in the satisfaction between different grade, sex, academic achievement and schools, so as to provide scientific basis for mental health of junior high school students. METHODS 150 junior high students from the two middle schools of Datong were selected by using stratified sampling method, and they were investigated with General Well Being Schedule (General Well Being Schedule, Fazio, 1977, referred to GWB), and the results of the investigation and the midterm exam scores of 150 junior high students were analyzed with SPSS 11.5. The analysts included correlation analysis, variance analysis, homogeneity of variance test, T test and so on. RESULTS Junior high school students had higher scores of subjective well-being, and the average score of male was 79.75 and 79.88 in females (the national norm score of subjective well-being for males was75

  9. The Final Report on the Tarrant County Junior College Phase of the Social Science Demonstration Project Sponsored by the American Association of Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Robert M.

    An account of Tarrant Count Junior College's participation in the American Association of Junior Colleges' Social Science Demonstration Project was presented. The purpose of the project was to involve introductory sociology students in the use of the community as a laboratory to enliven the teaching-learning experience and develop in students a…

  10. 初中生二语学习内部动机调查研究%An Investigation into the L2 Intrinsic Motivation of Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦希根

    2011-01-01

    学习动机作为一种非智力因素对学生学习具有重要影响,本文通过对来自新乡市两所初中学校的180名学生进行调查,发现初中生二语内部动机普遍较弱,并且男生的二语内部动机要稍弱于女生。针对这一调查结果,笔者建议教师应在日常英语教学中,采取积极有效的措施,如提高学生的二语能力感、日常教学中向学生传授有效的学习策略以及引导学生学会合作学习等,努力提升学生学习英语的能力感和自主感,以此提高学生的二语内部动机。%All investigation into L2 intrinsic motivation of junior high school students was carried out among 180 students fi'om two junior high schools in Xinxiang City. The results show that the L2 intrinsic motivation of junior high school students is generally weak, and the L2 intrinsic motivation of the boys is slightly weaker than that of the girls. The teachers need to take effective measures to enhance students' L2 perceived competence and perceived autonomy to cultivate their L2 intrinsic motivation.

  11. The effect of Using Mind Mapping and Learning Styles to Geography Learning outcomes of Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Purwoko

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Penggunaan Peta Pikiran dan Gaya Belajar terhadap Hasil Belajar Geografi Siswa SMP Abstract: This study aimed to determine the effect of the use of mind maps, learning styles and inter-action using a mind map learning style on geography learning outcomes. This study was a quasi-experimental study, with a 2 x 3 factorial design study subject consisted of two classes of class VII G as experimental class and class VII F as a control class. Variables consisted of: (1 the dependent variable is the student learning outcomes; (2 the independent variable is the use of mind maps; and (3 is the moderator variable learning styles. Geography learning outcomes were measured using an objective test, whereas learning styles with questionnaires. Measurement data are then analyzed using ANOVA two paths with SPSS v.7. Results of data analysis using ANOVA two path showed that: (1 the use of mind maps significantly effect on learning outcomes geography; (2 learning style does not significantly affect the results of learning geography; and (3 there is no interaction between the use of mind maps and learning style on learning outcomes. Key Words: mind maps, learning styles, learning outcomes   Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan peta pikiran, gaya belajar dan interaksi penggunaan peta pikiran dengan gaya belajar terhadap hasil belajar geografi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu, dengan desain faktorial 2 x 3. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari dua kelas yaitu kelas VII G sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VII F sebagai kelas kontrol. Variabel penelitian terdiri dari: (1 variabel terikat adalah hasil belajar siswa; (2 variabel bebas adalah pengguna-an peta pikiran; dan (3 variabel moderator adalah gaya belajar. Hasil belajar geografi diukur menggunakan tes objektif, sedangkan gaya belajar dengan angket. Data hasil pengukuran dianalisis menggunakan anova dua jalur dengan bantuan SPSS v.7. Hasil analisis data

  12. The level and influencing factors of nursing competence among junior nurses receiving standardized training%规范化培训的低年资护士护理能力现状及影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈凤姣; 李继平; 马芳; 方进博; 刘素珍

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of nursing competence among junior nurses receiving standardized training,and provide evidence for the training. Method Totally 299 junior nurses receiving standardized training were investigated using the Six-Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance(6-D scale). Results The junior nurses rated higher scores on the dimensions of professional development and interpersonal communication,while lower scores on the dimensions of planning and evaluation and teaching and collaboration. Vocational interest, educational background, satisfaction with income and satisfaction with working atmosphere were influencing factors of their self-rating nursing competence. Conclusion The standardized training should focus on the training of junior nurses' planning, evaluation, teaching and collaboration competence, and take educational background into account. In addition,the administrators should pay attention to junior nurses' vocational interest, create a good working atmosphere and implement reasonable salary allocation.%目的 了解低年资规范化培训护士护理能力现状和影响因素,为培训实践提供依据.方法 利用护理能力六维评价量表(6-D量表)对299名规范化培训护士进行横断面调查.结果 调查对象的专业发展和人际沟通维度得分最高,计划评估和教学协作维度相对较低.职业兴趣、学历、工资收入满意度和工作氛围满意度对护理能力有影响.结论 规范化培训应加强计划评估和教学协作能力的培养,同时应考虑护士的学历,注重培养职业兴趣,创造良好工作氛围,合理进行薪酬分配.

  13. How to Cultivate Junior Middle School Mathematics the Logical Thinking Ability of Students%浅谈如何培养初中生的数学逻辑思维能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米少奇

    2014-01-01

    Junior high school students to develop good study habits,active logical thinking,so as to promote the development of math,so teachers should enhance students’ exploration and scientific thinking of exercise.%初中生要养成良好的学习习惯、积极锻炼逻辑思维,这样才能促进数学成绩的不断提高,因此教师要增强对学生自主探究和科学思维的锻炼。

  14. The Relationship of Emotional Intelligence,Self-esteem and Self-handicapping among Junior Middle School Students%初中生情绪智力、自尊与自我妨碍的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘文斌; 周宁; 陈佳; 孝建; 蔡明; 李学才; 王朝雯

    2014-01-01

    目的:为了探讨初中生情绪智力、自尊与自我妨碍三者之间的关系,本文以自尊为中介变量研究情绪智力与自我妨碍之间的关系。方法选用使用率和信效度较高的情绪智力量表(EIS)、Rosenberg自尊量表(SES)以及自我妨碍量表(SHS)对512名初中生进行调查。结果初中生的情绪智力及其各个维度与自尊呈现显著的正相关(r=0.395,P<0.01),与自我妨碍呈现显著的负相关(r=-0.233,P<0.01);自尊与自我妨碍呈现显著的负相关(r=-0.43,P<0.01),回归分析发现,情绪智力对自尊和自我妨碍都具有显著的预测作用(P<0.001)。结论初中生的自尊在情绪智力与自我妨碍之间起中介的作用。%Objective To analyze the relationship between junior middle school students'emotional intelligence characteristics ,self-esteem and self handicapping .Methods The thesis analyzed the relationship between junior middle school students 'emotional intelli-gence and self handicapping by taking self -esteem as a mediator.This research adopted the emotional intelligence scale (EIS),Rosen-berg self-esteem scale(SES)and self-handicapping scale(SHS)to investigate 512 junior high school students.Results Junior middle school students'emotional intelligence and its dimensions were positively related with self -esteem(r=0.39,P<0.01),negatively corre-lated with self-handicapping(r=-0.233,P<0.01).Self-esteem and self -handicapping had significantly negative correlation (P<0.01).Emotional intelligence had significant prediction for self -esteem and self -handicapping(P<0.001).Conclusion Self-es-teem plays a partial mediating role between emotional intelligence and self -handicapping .

  15. 农村初中英语分层教学的探索%A Probe into English Multi-level Teaching in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵加梅

    2012-01-01

    New English curriculum standard raises that "students' development is both the start point and the end point of English curriculum and English curriculum emphasizes students-oriented thought in objective setting, teaching process, curriculum assessment and the development of teaching resources". It requires teachers to respect personal difference, adjust measures to local conditions and teach students in accordance of their aptitude, namely concerning each student while facing all students, so that students in all levels can actively learn and improve learning quality.%英语新课标提出“学生的发展是英语课程的出发点和归宿点,英语课程在目标设定、教学过程、课程评价和教学资源的开发等方面都突出以学生为主体的思想”。这就必须尊重个体差异,因地制宜,因人实施,即强调在面向全体学生的同时,关注每个学生个体,从而使各个层次的学生能主动地学习,提高学习质量。

  16. 初中生师生关系对学业成绩的影响研究%A Correlation Analysis of Teacher-Student Relationship and Academic Achievement in Junior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝歌; 姜涛

    2009-01-01

    本研究采用自编问卷,选取384名初中生为被试,考察初中生师生关系的特点以及与学业成绩的关系.研究表明:(1)初中生师生关系主要表现为亲密性、依赖性、冲突性三个维度;(2)师生关系在冲突性上年级差异极其显著,在亲密性、依赖性上不显著;(3)师生关系与学业成绩为显著正相关,在冲突性方面差异显著,在亲密性、依赖性方面差异不显著.因此,建立良好的师生关系,有助于减少师生之间的冲突;建立相互尊重、相互信任的师生关系,有利于促进学生的学业成绩.%This resarch employed a self-questionnaire to test 384 junior high school students in order to investigate the characteristics of teacher-student relationship in junior high schools and its relationship with academic achievement. This research indicats: ( 1 ) teacher-student relationship in junior high schools mainly lies in three aspects: intimacy; dependence; conflict. (2) In different grades, the relationship between teachers and students is fairly notable in conflict, but not in intimacy and dependence. (3) Teacher-student relationship and academic achievement are closely related; the differences in conflict are significant, but those in intimacy and dependence are not. Therefore, establishing a good relationship with and students is helpful to reduce the conflict with them, and set up a good, mutually reliable relationship between teachers and students, is also lecpful to promote students' academic achievement.

  17. 网络对初中生社会化的消极影响及对策%Negative Influences of the Network on Junior High School Students' Socialization and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海鑫

    2013-01-01

    The Internet is developing rapidly due to its various characteristics, but it also influences junior high school students' socialization from several aspects. This paper aims to reveal the negative influences of the network on junior high school students' socialization and proposes coping strategies. Adopting question-naire method, this paper surveys on 250 Grade one and two stu-dents from a certain middle school of Shandong.%互联网以其渗透性、虚拟性、交互性、非群体性的特点快速发展,对处于社会化重要阶段的初中生产生了诸多影响。本研究旨在揭示网络对该群体社会化的消极影响并提出应对策略。研究采用问卷法,以山东某中学为例,调查了初一、初二两个年级共250名学生。分析表明初中生对网络的片面认识较易导致网络失范行为,且网络上的不良表现与现实生活中的不良行为数量上呈正相关。

  18. Relationships between Perceived Parental Involvement in Homework, Student Homework Behaviors, and Academic Achievement: Differences among Elementary, Junior High, and High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, J. C.; Suárez, N.; Rosário, P.; Vallejo, G.; Valle, A.; Epstein, J. L.

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to produce a deeper understanding of the relationship between perceived parental homework involvement (i.e., parental homework control and parental homework support), student homework behaviors (i.e., time spend on homework completion, time management, and amount of homework completed), and student academic achievement. Using…

  19. Edexcel A level physics student book 1

    CERN Document Server

    Benn, Mike; Braithwaite, Emma

    2015-01-01

    Help students to build and develop the essential knowledge and skills needed, provide practical assessment guidance and plenty of support for the new mathematical requirements with this Edexcel Year 1 Student Book. - Supports practical assessment with Practical Skill summaries throughout - Provides support for all 16 required practicals with detailed explanations, data and exam style questions for students to answer - Builds understanding and knowledge with a variety of questions to engage and challenge students throughout the course: prior knowledge, worked examples, Tes

  20. Edexcel A level physics student book 2

    CERN Document Server

    Akrill, Tim; Braithwaite, Emma

    2015-01-01

    Help students to build and develop the essential knowledge and skills needed, provide practical assessment guidance and plenty of support for the new mathematical requirements with this Edexcel Year 2 Student Book. - Supports practical assessment with Practical Skill summaries throughout - Provides support for all 16 required practicals with detailed explanations, data and exam style questions for students to answer - Builds understanding and knowledge with a variety of questions to engage and challenge students throughout the course: prior knowledge, worked examples, Tes

  1. Institutional Level Student Engagement and Organisational Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Velden, Gwen

    2012-01-01

    Driven by the growing presence of market forces within higher education worldwide, universities are changing the way they engage with students. This article explores how a university's internal culture relates to engagement with students and their views. It builds on wider research into student engagement and organisational cultures. The…

  2. Institutional Level Student Engagement and Organisational Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Velden, Gwen

    2012-01-01

    Driven by the growing presence of market forces within higher education worldwide, universities are changing the way they engage with students. This article explores how a university's internal culture relates to engagement with students and their views. It builds on wider research into student engagement and organisational cultures. The…

  3. 初中语文教学中发展学生创造思维能力浅探%Development of Students' Creative Thinking Ability in Junior High School Chinese Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒悦红

    2014-01-01

    创造思维能力是学生思维能力中最重要和最高级的能力,本文拟从初中语文教学中课堂情境的创设、语文课外活动的开展、学生思维方式的训练三个方面谈谈如何发展学生的创造思维能力。%Creative thinking ability is the most important and the most advanced capabilities of students' thinking ability, this paper from a junior high school language teaching in the classroom context creation, to carry out language extracurricular activities, training of students to talk about three aspects of the way of thinking of how to develop students' creative thinking capacity.

  4. Emotional Intelligence Levels of Students with Sensory Impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Tal, Suhair; AL-Jawaldeh, Fuad; AL-Taj, Heyam; Maharmeh, Lina

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed at revealing the emotional intelligence levels of students with sensory disability in Amman in Jordan. The participants of the study were 200 students; 140 hearing impaired students and 60 visual impaired students enrolled in the special education schools and centers for the academic year 2016-2017. The study adopted the…

  5. Roles of Technology in Student Learning of University Level Biostatistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Weili; Zhang, Yuchen; Su, Cheng; Cui, Zhuang; Qi, Xiuying

    2014-01-01

    This study explored threshold concepts and areas of troublesome knowledge among students enrolled in a basic biostatistics course at the university level. The main area of troublesome knowledge among students was targeted by using technology to improve student learning. A total of 102 undergraduate students who responded to structured…

  6. Roles of Technology in Student Learning of University Level Biostatistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Weili; Zhang, Yuchen; Su, Cheng; Cui, Zhuang; Qi, Xiuying

    2014-01-01

    This study explored threshold concepts and areas of troublesome knowledge among students enrolled in a basic biostatistics course at the university level. The main area of troublesome knowledge among students was targeted by using technology to improve student learning. A total of 102 undergraduate students who responded to structured…

  7. Study of dynamics of level of physical preparedness of students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Коvalenko Y.A.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The dynamics of level of physical preparedness of students is studied in the article. A tendency is marked to the decline of level of physical preparedness of students of 1-3 courses. Methodical recommendations are presented on the improvement of the system of organization of physical education of students of the Zaporizhzhya national university. The dynamics of indexes of physical preparedness of students 1, 2, 3 courses of different years of teaching is studied. Principal reasons of decline of level of physical preparedness of students are certain. There are recommendations the department of physical education in relation to physical preparedness of students.

  8. A Study on Personality Trend of Junior Middle School Students with Malocclusion in Chengdu City%成都市区初中生错(牙合)畸形患者人格倾向的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宓; 柏雪

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To explore the relationship of personality trend of junior middle school students with malocclusion to the severity of malocclusion in Chengdu city, and to provide a preliminary scientific basis for further investigation. Methods: Cross section study was employed and stratified random cluster sampling method was carried out to select 1377 junior middle school students in Chengdu city with eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ) as evaluation tool. The relationship of personality trend of junior middle school students with malocclusion to the severity of malocclusion in Chengdu city was evaluated and analyzed. Results: The scores of the junior middle school students with malocclusion in N and L subscales and the scores of female patients in P subscale were higher than those of the national norms while the scores in E subscale were lower than those of national norms. The scores of patients with slight malocclusion in E and L subscales were higher than those of national norms. The scores of patients with moderate malocclusion in N and L subscales were higher than those of the national norms, while the scores in E subscale were lower than those of national norms. The scores in N, P and L subscales of the students with severe malocclusion were higher than those of national norms, while the scores in E subscale were lower than those of national norms. Conclusions; Compared with national norms, the junior middle school students are introverted, neurotic and cover-up. Students with different degrees of malocclusion show different personality.%目的:探讨成都市初中学生错(牙合)畸形患者的人格倾向.方法:抽取成都市1377名初中学生,采用EPQ作为纳入人群的评估工具,对错(牙合)畸形患者与人格特质之间的关系进行评估.结果:初中生错(牙合)畸形患者在N、L分量表及女性患者在P分量表上的评分均高于全国常模,在E分量表的评分低于全国常模 ;轻度错(牙合)畸形学生E、L分

  9. 上海市某区初中生亲子沟通状况分析%Parent-child communication status and related factors among junior high school students in a district of Shang-hai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾; 徐燕

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore present situation and the influencing factors on parent-child communication a-mong junior high school students.Methods An adolescent parent-child communication psychological questionnaire survey was conducted among 602 junior middle school students in a district of Shanghai.Results The scores of adolescent parent-child communication were decreased from grade 6 (114.82 ±18.45)to grade 8 (102.26 ±18.79)firstly,then increased in grade 9.About gender difference,the communication with the father’s participating in orientation,flexibility and dynam-ic dimensions of communication level in girls were significantly higher than that in boys (t values were -2.052, -2.547,-0.647,P <0.05 ).The communication with mother in the forms of communication in orientation,emotional needs, communication and communication level of flexibility and power dimensions in girls were obviously higher than that of boys (t values were -2.828, -2.621, -2.564, -2.065,P <0.05 ).However,the light touch and active listening in boys were significantly higher than that in girls (t values were 2.859,3.650,P <0.01 ).Students in different grade showed significant different parents communication levels,grade 6 followed by grade 9,grade 7 and grade 8.Students in dif-ferent grades had different communication level with their fathers in the orientation,emotional needs,control needs,under-standing,motivation,ability and total score were significantly different (P <0.05).On the communication with mother in the orientation,emotional needs,domination,light touch,understanding,motivation,ability and total score were signifi-cantly differences (P <0.05).Orientation communication level in students with their father were significantly higher than with their mother (P <0.01).The total score,motivation and ability dimension and emotional need,dominance and un-derstand the factors of communication with their mother’s level were higher than with his father (t values were -7.610,-3.281, -3.594, -5

  10. 自主性、依恋与初中生偶像崇拜的关系%The Relations between Autonomy,Attachment,and Celebrity Interest of Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the relationship between autonomy ,attachment,and celebritity inter-est of junior rniddle school students .Methods:Celebrity interest was investigated in a sample of 192 students from a junior middle school (51.04%boys,48.96% girls;37.5% grade 7,36.46% grade 8, 26 .04%grade 9 ) in Hanzhong completed emotional autonomy questionnaire , attachment questionnaire , and celebrity interest questionnaire .Results:The variable of celebrity interest had significantly positive correlations with age,emotional autonomy,peers,and communication(r=0.354~0.562),and the par-ents and trust alienation subscales of the AORI ,with which it had significantly negative correlations ( r=-0.257~-0.443).Age could predict the celebrity interest (R2=30.6),high emotional autonomy was a significant predictor of celebrity interest ,as well as high attachment to peers and low attachment to parents (β=0.243,0.387,-0.184;all P=0.001).Different patterns were observed according to the functions of celebrity attachment:Intense ,personal interest in celebrities was best predicted by low levels of trust and alienation(β=-0.339,-0.291;all P=0.001).Conclusion:These findings suggest that celebrities pro-vide adolescents with a secondary group of pseudo -friends during a time of increasing autonomy from parents,but intense focus on a single celebrity may result from difficulties in making this transition .%目的:探讨自主性、依恋与初中生偶像崇拜之间的关系。方法:采用情绪自主性量表、依恋量表和偶像崇拜量表对192名初中生进行了问卷调查。结果:年龄、情绪自主性、依恋的同伴因子、依恋的沟通因子与初中生偶像崇拜呈显著性正相关( r=0.354~0.562),依恋的父母因子、信任因子和疏远因子与初中生偶像崇拜呈显著性负相关(r=-0.257~-0.443);回归分析显示,年龄对初中生偶像崇拜具有一定的预测作用(R2=30.6);高度的情

  11. La sexualidad en adolescentes de la secundaria básica "Viet Nam" Sexuality of adolescent students in "Viet Nam" junior high school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Puentes Rizo

    2012-12-01

    conducted in 12 to 15 years-old adolescent students from "Viet Nam" junior high school located in Arroyo Naranjo municipality, during 2010 and 2011. The universe of study was 296 students from whom 150 finally made up the sample. They were randomly selected to complete 50 students representing each grade. A survey validated by the Ministry of Education served to collect information. All the participants gave their consent to be included in the study. Results: males and 15 years-old adolescents prevailed. The onset of sexual relations occurred at the age of 14 years for boys and 15 years for girls. Seventy two (56.69 % adolescents used condom in their first sexual intercourse. The main channels of information were the parents, the professors and the TV programs. There were greater knowledge on HIV-aids, gonorrhea, and syphilis than on herpes simple and Chlamydia. Condom was the most common and known contraceptive method. Conclusions: this study showed the early onset of sexual relations and the poor knowledge about biological and natural contraceptive methods, which might point to the importance of the family, particularly the parents, the professors and the family physicians, in the increase and continuation of the educational work with the young people in terms of sexuality.

  12. Research on Adaptability of CSRI for Junior Middle School Students of Yi Nationality in Ninlang%CSRI在云南宁蒗彝族初中生的适用性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何木叶; 林静; 李昌庆

    2011-01-01

    目的考察CSRI在宁蒗彝族初中生的适用性。方法对400名宁蒗初中生进行施测,对其中214名彝族学生数据采用SPSS15.0进行统计分析。结果①各分量表中的大多数项目与分量表的相关在0.3以上。分量表的Cronbach仅系数为0.801至0.869之间,分半信度在0.823至0.865之间。分量表的相关在0.209至0.406之间。因素分析表明男女正负性分量表累积方差解释率在52.87%至59.92%之间。②宁蒗彝族初中生四种性别角色差异显著,P〈0.01。双性化(32.4%)和未分化(30.0%)比例占多数。初一男生双性化比率最高(55.9%)、其次是初三男生(21.9%)、初二男生双性化比率最低(17.6%),差异显著,(P〈0.05)。城市男性化比例(43.5%)高于农村(13.0%),差异显著(P〈0.01)。结论CSRI也可适用于宁蒗彝族初中生的性别角色研究。彝族初中生性别角色现状令人喜忧参半。初二是彝族初中生双性化比例的最低点。城市彝族初中生比农村彝族初中生表现出更高的男性化倾向。%IObjectives: To explore the adaptability of CSRI for Yi Nationality junior middle school students in Nilang. Methods: A total of 400 junior middle school students in Ninglang were investigated with the scale. All data had been analyzed by use of SPSS for windows 15.0. ①The correlation was above 0.3 between subscales and most of items. The correlation between 4 subscales ranged from 0. 209 to 0.406. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the subscales ranged from 0.801 to 0.869, Spearman-Brown split coefficient ranged from 0.823 to 0.865. Factor analysis indicated that, the four subscales explained 52.87% -59.92% of the variance.②There were significant differences between four gender roles in Yi Nationality junior middle school students of Nilang. (P〈0.01). Androgyny (32.4%) and undifferentiated (30.0%

  13. Knowledge first, critique later: why it is a mistake for science education to encourage junior students to discuss, challenge and debate scientific knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2010-02-01

    In UK educational circles it has long been regarded as a platitude that a good scientific education at school and undergraduate level should aim to teach critical thinking and encourage students to challenge mainstream science, debate scientific issues and express their personal opinions. However, I believe that this strategy is usually mistaken, and that such educational strategies probably do more harm than good. For most students, at most levels, for most of the time; science education should be focused on the inculcation of established knowledge. This is for the simple reason that critique is educationally-counterproductive and scientifically-worthless unless or until underpinned by adequate knowledge and competence. Instead, for the early years of science teaching, the basic assumption ought to be that the student is there to learn science; not to confront science. The basic attitude being taught should be one of humility before the science being studied.

  14. The Correlation Study of Interest at Physics and Knowledge of Mathematics Basic Concepts towards the Ability to Solve Physics Problems of 7th Grade Students at Junior High School in Ambon Maluku Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaak Hendrik Wenno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to determine the relation between interest at Physics and knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts with the ability to solve Physics problems. The populations are all students in the 7th grade at the junior high school in Ambon, Maluku, Indonesia. The used sample schools are Junior High Schools 8, 9, and 10 during 2013/2014 academic year with 44 students per school. Two independent variables and one dependent variable are studied. The independent variables are the interest at Physics (X1 and the knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts (X2, while the dependent variable is the ability to solve Physics problems (Y. Data collection technique for X1 is an interview with questionnaire instrument, while for the X2 and Y is using the test technique with test items instrument. The obtained data from the measurements were analyzed with descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The results show that there is a positive relation between interest at Physics and knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts with students’ ability to solve Physics problems.

  15. The influence study of class environment self-esteem to junior students' aggressive behavior%班级环境、自尊对初中生主动与反应攻击的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗小漫; 郑德银; 李玉姣; 刘衍玲

    2012-01-01

    为探讨班级环境对初中生攻击行为的影响以及自尊在其中的中介作用,采用江光荣编制的班级环境问卷、Raine的主动与反应攻击问卷和Rosenberg编制的自尊量表,对400名初中生进行测试。结果表明:班级环境、自尊与主动和反应攻击呈显著相关;班级环境对攻击行为具有显著的负向预测作用;自尊在班级环境与攻击行为之间起着部分中介作用。%To investigate how class environment influences junior students' aggressive behavior and self-esteem' s intermediary role between them. Research uses Class Environment Questionnaire made by Guangrong.liang,Raine' s proactive and reactive aggression questionnaire (RPQ) and Rosenberg' s self-esteem Questionnaire. Testing 400 junior students, the effective questionnaires are 388. The results show that :Class environment,self-esteem has significant correlation with proactive and reactive aggres- sion; Class environment has significant prediction function to aggressive behavior; self-esteem has part of the intermediary between them.

  16. Errors in Junior English Writing:Resources and Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shu-ling

    2013-01-01

    The research on the common errors in junior English writings reflects the categories of errors, resources of errors, and how to do with errors in effective ways. Errors are divided into two types:intralingual errors and interlingual errors. The research finds that Chinese junior students depend heavily on their native language in English writing and finds out some effective strate-gies avoiding errors in writing.

  17. What makes work experience program in junior high school effective?

    OpenAIRE

    五島, 萌子; 重川, 純子

    2010-01-01

    Recently, the work experience program in junior high schools is spreading all over Japan in order that students get views on occupation and works. The purpose of this study is to clarify the value of this program and its determinants of effectiveness. We conducted interview survey to informantswho experienced the work experience programs in junior high school from 2000 to 2004. We have found that the followings are important to make the program more effective: adequacy interm and difficulty, ...

  18. The Analysis of Learning Objectives in Iranian Junior High School English Text books based on Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayoub Rahpeyma

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to evaluate the Iranian junior high school English text books according to learning objectives of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (2001 to find which learning levels of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy were more common in these text books. The primary data in this study came from the newly published English text book, English for Schools series consisting of two three-volume series named Prospect 1, 2 and English book grade three named Right Path to English. Therefore, the data sources were junior high school English text books contents. This study is important as these course books are the first English text books that have been prescribed for Iranian junior high school students to study from 2014. To fulfill the purpose of this study, the contents of junior high school English text books were codified by a coding scheme of BRT. The data were then analyzed; at the first step the frequency and percentage of occurrence of different learning objectives from each book was separately considered and then the average of the whole books were calculated. Results from the codification of 439 tasks and exercises indicated that in three grades, the first three low levels in BRT were the most prevalent than higher learning levels in Iranian junior high school English text books. In addition an important difference was found among the text books in their inclusion of different levels of learning objectives of two dimensions of BRT (knowledge and cognitive. This study can provide useful information for text book development, curriculum writers, and syllabus designers to boost English learning in the EFL setting of Iran. Keywords: Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, Junior high school English text books, Text book

  19. Meal and Snacking Patterns of Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton, Nan; Rhoads, Dianne S.

    1982-01-01

    A survey of the responses of 3,309 Louisiana students was used to determine students' meal and snacking habits at the elementary, junior high, and high school levels. Student responses concerned: (1) where and why food was consumed; (2) vitamin supplements; (3) reasons meals were omitted; and (4) reaction to school lunches. (PP)

  20. Fruit and vegetable consumption and related influencing factors among urban junior students in Hangzhou%杭州市城区初中生蔬菜水果摄入情况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳军; 刘庆敏; 曹承建; 吕筠; 李立明

    2013-01-01

    comsumption ≥14 servings per week.Results Among 3724 junior students included in this study,54.7% of them consumed FV daily,23.6% consumed vegetables ≥21 servings and fruit ≥14 servings per week (equaled to vegetables ≥3 servings and fruit ≥2 servings every day).The level of FV intake was high in girls,mother with higher education,and higher family socioeconomic status (SES).After controlling 5 socio-demographic factors,data on the consumption of daily vegetables ≥21 servings and fruit ≥ 14 servings weekly,were positively associated with daily physical activity (PA) ≥60 min (OR=1.667,95%CI:1.216-2.203),encouragement on FV intake daily by family (OR=1.881,95% CI:1.498-2.363),positive familial attitude on the daily intake of FV (OR=1.275,95% CI:1.025-1.586),preparation FV 3-6 days per week (OR=1.691,95%CI:1.310-2.183) or daily (OR=2.944,95% CI:2.348-3.690),family consumption of FV with children/3-6 days per week (OR=1.392,95% CI:1.056-1.835) or on the daily base (OR=2.817,95% CI:2.217-3.580),breakfast usually made at home (OR=1.364,95% CI:1.158-1.607),offering FV course atschool last year (OR=1.238,95%CI:1.035-1.480) and awareness on the benefit of FV (OR =3.150,95% CI:1.121-8.856) etc.respectively.Conclusion Socio-demographic characteristics,daily PA,dietary pattern at home,education and awareness on the benefits of FV on health etc.were all related to the FV intake among junior students in Hangzhou.

  1. Mathematics Anxiety among Ghanaian Students: A Case Study of Students of Kinbu Senior High/Technical School, Accra and Hermann-Gmeiner SOS Junior High School, Tema

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this was to find out the reason for low performance in West African Examinations Council final examination in Core Mathematics. The exploratory research design was used for the study. A population of two hundred (200) students; 100 females and males in a breakdown of 50 males and 50 females from SHS and 50 males and 50 females from JHS…

  2. Impact of Using Joint Productive Activity Approach on Second Language Learners' Performance in Reading Comprehension at the Basic Education Level in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusuf, Hanna Onyi

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of using joint productive activity on the performance of second language learners in reading comprehension at the basic education level in Nigeria. A sample of forty (40) Junior Secondary II students from Kaduna North and South were used for the study. The study was quasi experimental. Government Junior Secondary…

  3. 教师和同学支持对初中生生活满意感的影响--自尊的中介作用%The Effects of Teacher and Classmate Support on Life Satisfaction of Junior Middle School Students ---The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜金伟; 李苏醒

    2013-01-01

    为了探索教师支持和同学支持对初中生生活满意感的影响,使用教师和同学支持问卷、自尊量表和生活满意感量表,对一、二、三年级的242名初中生进行了调查。结果发现:(1)初中生的教师支持和同学学业支持在后两年有所下降,40.9%的初中生生活满意感较低;(2)教师支持和同学学业支持对生活满意感均有显著的预测作用,自尊在其中起到了部分中介作用。%To examine the effects of teacher and classmate support on life satisfaction and the mediating role of self -esteem, a total of 242 junior middle school students of all three grades are tested .Questionnaires of perceived teacher and classmate support , Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale are used to collect relative data .The test results indicate that:(a) levels of perceived teacher support and classmate academic support decrease during the last two years of junior middle school .There are 40.9 percent of middle school students with lower levels of life satisfaction;( b) perceived teacher support and classmate academic support are significant predictors of life satisfaction .The self-esteem is a mediator of the relationship between teacher support and life satisfac-tion as well as classmate academic support and life satisfaction .

  4. Vocabulary Development of Junior Teens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Nikonova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the communicative competence formation of young adolescents in the secondary school at the Russian language lessons. The author maintains that the key element of the above problem is the vocabulary development guaranteeing both comprehension and verbal expression formation – oral and written. The theoretical part of the research explores different word functions: nominal, communicative, text generating and semantic. The correlation between the mental development level and lexical semantic system formation is emphasized. The age specific features of junior teens are listed: rising interest to various life spheres and activi- ties, capability of formulating opinions and judgments, self-awareness, formation of values. The relationship complexity stimulates vocabulary development of 10 to 12 year-old children; however, the process requires peda- gogical facilitation.The monitoring of speech development proves the necessity of commutative competence formation of the fifth- and sixth-year pupils. The paper presents the model of communicative competence development and its approbation results received for the junior adolescents. 

  5. Vocabulary Development of Junior Teens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Nikonova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the communicative competence formation of young adolescents in the secondary school at the Russian language lessons. The author maintains that the key element of the above problem is the vocabulary development guaranteeing both comprehension and verbal expression formation – oral and written. The theoretical part of the research explores different word functions: nominal, communicative, text generating and semantic. The correlation between the mental development level and lexical semantic system formation is emphasized. The age specific features of junior teens are listed: rising interest to various life spheres and activi- ties, capability of formulating opinions and judgments, self-awareness, formation of values. The relationship complexity stimulates vocabulary development of 10 to 12 year-old children; however, the process requires peda- gogical facilitation.The monitoring of speech development proves the necessity of commutative competence formation of the fifth- and sixth-year pupils. The paper presents the model of communicative competence development and its approbation results received for the junior adolescents. 

  6. Investigation and Research on Students' Sporting Values:Taking Junior Middle School Students in Lianyun District as Example%学生体育价值观的调查研究要要连云区初中生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华荣; 郭剑平

    2013-01-01

    Sports values is related to adolescent health concepts and sporting behavior. Through empirical investigation, this issue analyzes sports values of junior middle school students of Lianyun District. The results show that the top three specific indicators of values is goog body without exercise, harmful effects on health, more unsafety; the degree of awareness of the physiological level is high in the overall indicators of values, followed by leisure, social and psychological levels.%  体育价值观关乎青少年健康观念和体育行为。本课题通过实证调查,分析了连云区初中学生的体育价值观。结果显示:价值观具体指标前三位是身体好不需锻炼、有损健康、不很安全;价值观总体指标中生理层面认识度较高,其次是休闲、社会和心理层面。

  7. 《初中生人格量表》的常模制定--基于大连市6449名初中生的研究%The Norm of the Junior Middle School Student’s Personality Scale ---A Study of Dalian’s 6 449 Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜文轩; 杨丽珠; 马世超

    2014-01-01

    人格是个体在思想、情感和行为上表现出来的稳定模式,作为决定人的典型行为方式的心理系统或动力结构,人格会直接影响到个体在环境变化及其适应过程中的态度、信念、情绪和行为。青少年期是人格发展的重要阶段,开发精确测量青少年人格特点的测量工具对于培养青少年健全人格有重要意义。本研究在质化研究的基础上,构建了初中生人格结构,并以此为框架编制问卷,经过量化研究得到了有较好信、效度的《初中生人格量表》。通过分层随机抽样,在大连市七个区每区选择两所代表性学校,每个学校三个年级(初一、初二、初三)各选取四个班的全体学生。最终样本被试总数为6449名。研究发现,《初中生人格量表》具有较好的信度和效度。%Personality is the particular combination of emotional ,attitudinal ,and behavioral response pat-terns of an individual .As a psychological system of determining one’s typical behaviors ,personality will directly affect individual’s attitudes ,beliefs ,emotions and behaviors during acclimating to context chan-ges .Adolescence is an important stage of personality development .Developing accurate measurement of adolescent’s personality has important significance to form adolescent’s healthy personality .In this study , on the basis of qualitative research ,we constructed the junior middle school students personality structure , compiled the questionnaire .After quantitative research ,we got the Junior Middle School Student’s Per-sonality Scale had good reliability and validity .Through stratified random sampling ,two representative schools were chosen from each of the seven districts of Dalian City .Four classes were chosen from each grade of these schools .Final sample were a total of 6449 .The study found that the Junior Middle School Student’s Personality Scale showed good reliability and validity .

  8. Generalizing Levels of Students' Understandings about Conductivity: A SOLO Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhan, Greg

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a developmental sequence for students' understandings about conductivity. From written responses, a number of levels of understanding were identified and holistic descriptions of the increasingly complex way students explain conductivity are presented. Identifying distinct differences in student work samples is consistent…

  9. The Level of Stress in Male and Female School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Zamirullah; Lanin, Abul Barkat; Ahmad, Naseem

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed at the level of stress in male and female school students. For the purpose of the study the researcher randomly selected 64 school students aged between 14-18 years. To collect the data researcher used students stress scale (SSS) developed by Dr. Zaki Akhtar (2011). During collection of data researcher used means and method fit…

  10. Beyond ORF: Student-Level Predictors of Reading Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canto, Angela I.; Proctor, Briley E.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored student-level predictors of reading achievement among third grade regular education students. Predictors included student demographics (sex and socioeconomic status (SES), using free and reduced lunch as proxy for SES), direct observations of reading skills (oral reading fluency (ORF) and word decoding skill (nonsense word…

  11. Do force-time and power-time measures in a loaded jump squat differentiate between speed performance and playing level in elite and elite junior rugby union players?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Keir T; Cronin, John B; Pickering, Stuart L; Douglas, Lee

    2011-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the discriminative ability of rebound jump squat force-time and power-time measures in differentiating speed performance and competition level in elite and elite junior rugby union players. Forty professional rugby union players performed 3 rebound jump squats with an external load of 40 kg from which a number of force-time and power-time variables were acquired and analyzed. Additionally, players performed 3 sprints over 30 m with timing gates at 5, 10, and 30 m. Significant differences (p rugby union players; however, a number of force and power variables including peak force, PP, force at 100 milliseconds from minimum force, and force and impulse 200 milliseconds from minimum force were significantly (p rugby union players. For speed development in rugby union players, training strategies should aim to optimize the athlete's power to weight ratio, and lower body resistance training should focus on movement velocity. For player development to transition elite junior players to elite status, adding lean mass is likely to be most beneficial.

  12. PSI for Low-Enrollment Junior-Senior Physics Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frahm, Charles P.; Young, Robert D.

    1976-01-01

    The administration of a Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) for junior-senior level courses in mechanics, electricity and magneturn, atomic physics, mathematical physics, physics and computers, astrophysics, and relativity is described. (CP)

  13. Employability Skills, Personal Qualities, and Early Employment Problems of Entry-Level Auditors: Perspectives from Employers, Lecturers, Auditors, and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Yet-Mee; Lee, Teck Heang; Yap, Ching Seng; Ling, Chui Ching

    2016-01-01

    The authors examine the issue of employability of university accounting students from the perspectives of accounting firm employers, junior auditors, accounting lecturers, and accounting students. Areas of investigation include perceived importance of employability skills and desirable personal qualities; and early employment problems encountered…

  14. Employability Skills, Personal Qualities, and Early Employment Problems of Entry-Level Auditors: Perspectives from Employers, Lecturers, Auditors, and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Yet-Mee; Lee, Teck Heang; Yap, Ching Seng; Ling, Chui Ching

    2016-01-01

    The authors examine the issue of employability of university accounting students from the perspectives of accounting firm employers, junior auditors, accounting lecturers, and accounting students. Areas of investigation include perceived importance of employability skills and desirable personal qualities; and early employment problems encountered…

  15. Relations Among Peer Acceptance,Social Behavior and Parenting Style of Junior High School Students%初中生的自尊、同伴接纳与学业成绩的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展宁宁

    2011-01-01

    对302名初中生的自尊及同伴接纳状况进行了调查,探讨初中生的自尊、同伴接纳与学业成绩的关系. 结果显示,初中生的自尊发展存在年级差异,但不存在性别上的差异;初中生的自尊发展、同伴接纳与学业成绩都存在着密切的关系;初中生的自尊发展、同伴接纳对学业成绩有显著预测作用.%This paper makes a survey of 320 junior high school students about their self-esteem and peer acceptance. The findings indicate that junior high school students' self-esteem is different in grades,but no difference in genders. There is a remarkable relationship between self-esteem,peer acceptance and academic achievements. Their self-esteem and peer acceptance predict academic achievements.

  16. 农村留守初中生人格、自我效能与心理健康关系%Relationship among personality, self-efficacy and mental health in left-behind junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小先

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship among personality, self-efficacy and mental health in left-behind junior high school students. Methods Totally 459 left-behind and 241 non left-behind junior high school students were investigated with the Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Mental Health Test. Results The incidence rate of mental disorders was 1.1% in the left-behind junior high school students. The top three mental problems were terror tendency (29. 0% ) , self reproach (28. 1% ) and physical symptoms (21. 4% ). Significant gender differences were found in physical symptom (6. 02 ± 2. 59 for boys, 6. 68 ± 2. 54 for girls) , terror tendency (3. 28 ±2. 50 for boys, 4. 70 ±2.60 for girls),and the total score of mental problems (41. 95 ± 11.65 for boys, 44. 73 ±11. 32 for girls) among the left-behind students (all P < 0. 01). Self-efficacy had negative function ( adjusted R2 =0.045) in predicting the mental problem among the left-behind students. Neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness could be used to predict mental problems (adjusted R2 = 0. 235). Conclusion Besides shaping positive personality , the training of self-efficacy can improve mental health status among the left-behind junior high school students.%目的 了解农村留守初中生人格、自我效能、心理健康状况及三者之间的关系.方法 采用青少年小五人格问卷、心理健康诊断测验量表和一般自我效能感量表对留守(459人)和非留守初中生(241人)进行问卷调查.结果 留守初中生严重心理问题5人,检出率为1.1%,在不同方面存在轻微或中等程度心理问题人数较多的是恐怖倾向、自责倾向及身体症状,分别为133、129、98人,检出率分别为29.0%、28.1%、21.4%;女生身体症状、恐怖倾向、总焦虑倾向分别为(6.68±2.54)、(4.70±2.60)、(44.73 ± 11.32)分,男生分别为(6.02±2.59)、(3.28±2.50)、(41.95±11.65)分,女生均高于

  17. Profiles Junior high School West Java in Education Learning Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NFN Nahadi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Descriptive studies have been conducted on the existing junior high profile in West Java on Education Learning Environment. The study was conducted by purposive sampling and descriptive done to get an idea about the profile of SMP in West Java implementation of the learning environment. in junior high school in West Java. Research conducted by distributing questionnaires, and observations based on the indicators developed. Based on this research, it is known that, PLH learning in junior high school in West Java has been in force since 2007 after the enactment of the Governor of West Java on environmental education for junior high school students in West Java. Learning that lasts generally implemented in conventional teacher, and it is without any innovations. It has made learning the essential condition runs well, but has not lasted optimally.

  18. The junior middle school mathematics teaching how to establish democratic, equal, harmonious teacher-student relationship%初中数学教学如何建立民主、平等、和谐的师生关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛移山

    2012-01-01

      近年来,中学数学教学倡导以生为本的思想,重视建立新型的师生关系。为此,需要创建一个民主、和谐、平等的师生关系,这样才能让中学生的学习主动性和创造性真正体现出来,学生才能更好的学会生活和发展。本文以初中数学教学为例,从树立争取的学生观、要平等的对待学生、培训学生的民主意识和加强师生之间的沟通四个方面对如何建立民主、平等、和谐的师生关系进行了探讨,拟对做好初中数学教学工作提供一点借鉴。%  In recent years, the middle school mathematics teaching to promote students to the idea, attach importance to the establishment of a new relationship between teachers and students. For this, need to create a harmonious, democratic, equal relationship between teachers and students, so that students' learning initiative and creativity can be truly reflected, students can better learn to live and develop. This paper takes the junior middle school mathematics teaching as an example, from set up for students, students should be treated equally, training the students' consciousness of democracy and strengthening the communication between students and teachers in four aspects , how to establish democratic, equal, harmonious teacher-student relationship is discussed, intended for middle school mathematics teaching to provide some reference.

  19. Social skills levels on nursery students

    OpenAIRE

    Antonia Pades Jiménez; Victoria Aurora Ferrer Pérez

    2007-01-01

    Aim: To analyse the social skills of a sample group of 3rd year nursing students who attended a social skills training programme. Materials and method: An outline is made of the results of a descriptive study that analyses the social skills of a sample group of 314 students from different academic years, studying at the Palma de Mallorca University School of Nursing. For assessment purposes, a Social Skills Scale (Gismero, 2000) was used. Results: The results show that the sample group’s soci...

  20. Relationship among Emotional Intelligence,Family Environment and Aggression in Junior School Students%中学生情绪智力、家庭环境与攻击性的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘玮; 高雪梅

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the relationship among emotional intelligence,family environment and aggression in junior school students.Methods:Totally 41 1 students in grade 7 and 8 were recruited.The Emotional Intelligence Scale,Family Environment Scale-CV,and the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire were adopted to all subjects from two random chosen junior school.Results:①Emotional intelligence of 8 grade students was significantly higher than that of the 7 grade(t =-2.96,P 0.05);②在性别维度上,男女生情绪智力整体差异不显著(P >0.05),家庭环境整体差异也不显著(P >0.05),而在攻击性水平上,男生的攻击性水平要显著高于女生(t =3.49,P <0.01);③家庭环境、情绪智力与个体攻击性之间两两相关且相关显著(r =-0.27~0.26,P <0.05);④情绪智力在家庭环境与个体攻击性之间发挥中介作用(ab=0.13,ab/c=16.67%)。结论:家庭环境、情绪智力对中学生攻击性有显著影响,情绪智力在家庭环境与个体攻击性之间起中介作用。

  1. 初中生“基本认知能力测验”信效度分析%Reliability and Validity Analysis of the Basic Cognitive Capability Test Assessing the Abilities of the Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张舒校; 王建平; 苗勤; 牛延良

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the reliability and validity of the Basic Cognitive Capability Test assessing the junior middle school students.Methods 300 junior middle school students recruited through the stratified random sampling method were measured by the Basic cognitive capability test (Ⅱ) programmed by the Institute of Psychology Chinese Academic of Sciences .Results ①The test-retest reliability of the sub-scales were:Digit Copying 0.90,Character Comparison 0.73, Mental Arithmetic 0.75,Chinese Character Rotation 0.62,Digit Working Memory 0.91,Word Recognition 0.59,Meaningless Figure Recognition 0.56.②6 factors were found by the factor-analysis,including Digit Copying,Word Recognition,Digit Processing,Digit Working Memory,Character Comparison,Mental Arithmetic. Conclusion The Basic Cognitive Capability Test has showen fairly high reliability and validity when assessing the abilities of the junior middle school students .%目的:初中生“基本认知能力测验”信效度分析。方法以中国社会科学院心理研究所基本认知能力测验系统(2.0版)为工具,对分层随机抽取的300名初中生进行认知能力测试。结果①各分量表重测信度比较高,其相关系数分别是:数字拷贝0.90,汉字比较0.73,心算0.75,汉字旋转0.62,数字工作0.91,双字词再认0.59,无意义图形再认0.56,均达到显著水平(P<0.05);②因素分析发现基本认知能力测验有6个纬度,分别是:数字拷贝、双字词再认、数字加工、数字工作、汉字比较、心算。结论基本认知能力测验信效度较好,能很好的反映初中生的认知状况。

  2. Do junior doctors take sick leave?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkin, M R; Higton, A; Witcomb, M

    2003-09-01

    Nosocomial infections place a heavy burden on overstretched health services. An audit of junior doctors' sick leave behaviour was undertaken in 1993 and again in 2001. The object was to ascertain the level of common infectious illness and to investigate whether junior doctors were remaining at work inappropriately. The doctors were asked if any factors had influenced their decision to take sick leave or not. Between the two audits several initiatives have been introduced to improve the working conditions of junior doctors, including the New Deal to reduce hours of work. Eighty one junior doctors in a large teaching hospital participated in 1993 and 110 in 2001. The number reporting an infectious illness in the previous six months was similar (61.7% in 1993, 68.2% in 2001). There had been a significant increase in the percentage of infectious illness episodes for which the doctors took sick leave (15.1% in 1993, 36.8% in 2001, p work (72% in 1993, 68% in 2001). Consultant pressure was cited by 26% (1993) and 20% (2001). Use of the staff occupational health unit was minimal, with none of the ill doctors contacting the department in 1993 and only three in 2001. Overall, despite the reduction in the number of infectious doctors not taking sick leave, the majority remained at work. Fundamental changes are needed if potentially infected doctors are not to present a risk of iatrogenic infection.

  3. Multiple Intelligence Levels of Physical Education and Sports School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekici, Summani

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to analyze the multiple intelligence levels of academies of physical education and sports students according to some demographic factors. To obtain data about multiple intelligence levels in the research, the multiple intelligence inventory, developed by Ozden (2003), was applied to a total of 1.199 students, of…

  4. Ambiguity tolerance levels in spanish accounting students: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José L. Arquero

    2009-01-01

    Results and implications: - The results of the questionnaire present high levels of internal consistency with the sample. Accounting students are shown to present lower levels of AT than students enrolled on other social sciences degree courses. The implications for universities and education are discussed.

  5. CARIES PREVENTION AMONG JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.К. Matelo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Biennial program of controlled tooth brushing performed econdary school among junior schoolchildren from Minsk secondary school № 166 proved to be highly effective. Decrease in caries increment has been shown on the average up to 50%. No credible differences between remineralising defluorinated toothpastes or pastes enriched with aminofluoride (F = 500 ppm and sodium fluoride  (F = 1000 ppm efficacy were found in this study. Credibility of the results was determined by comparison with similar study conducted on a bigger population of children. Though anti-caries effect of the same tooth-pastes in a bigger-scale study was lower — within 30%. Such difference can be explained by a different level of motivation and discipline of participants.Key words: schoolchildren, dental caries prevention, toothpastes. (Voprosy sovremennoi pediatrii — Current Pediatrics. — 2011; 10 (6: 48–51

  6. The Relationship between Parenting Style and Learning Engagement of Tibet Junior Middle S chool Students%藏族初中生父母教养方式与学习投入的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周鹏生; 吕欢; 杨娟娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the relationship between parenting style and learning engagement of Tibet junior middle school students.Methods:982 Tibet junior middle school students were investigated by Scale of EMBU and LES( Learning Engagement Scale) .Results:①The scores of Tibet students'paren-ting style and learning engagement were(2.132 ±2.110)and(3.309 ±3.261).Male students had higher scores of parenting style(t=4.169,P<0.01)while lower scores of learning engagement( t=4.024,P<0.01) than those of female students;There were significant differences in scores of parenting style and learning engagement among student grades;②There was negative relationship between parenting style and learning engagement in Tibet middle school students,and the most close relation was between parenting style and learning attitudes;③The variables such as maternal emotion and understanding, rejection and denial,maternal favoritism would explain 16.4%variance of students'learning engagement together.Con-clusion:There are some relationships between parenting style and learning engagement of Tibet junior middle school students,and the relation is particular to some extent.%目的:探讨藏族初中生父母教养方式与学习投入的关系。方法:采用父母教养方式量表( EMBU)、学习投入量表(LES)对藏族初中生982人进行整群施测。结果:①藏族初中生父母教养方式得分分别为(2.132±2.110)和(3.309±3.261);男生父母教养方式得分显著高于女生(t=4.169,P<0.01),而女生学习投入得分显著高于男生(t=40.24,P<0.01);教养方式与学习投入总分均存在显著年级差异(F=47.820,40.563;P<0.01);②藏族初中生父母教养方式与学习投入之间存在显著负相关(P<0.01),第一典型相关系数为0.439(P<0.01),与父母教养方式关系最为密切的是学习态度因子;③藏族初中生母亲情感温暖和

  7. Levels of Assertiveness and Peer Pressure of Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esin Arslan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The research was conducted in order to determine levels of assertiveness and peer pressure of the nursing students.Methodology: This descriptive research has been performed with 154 nursing students in Bozok University, The data were collected with Questionnaire Form, Rathus Assertiveness Inventory and Peer Pressure Scale. We used the data one way Anova, two samples t test, the relationship between several independent variables and scales were evaluated by Pearson correlation technique in order to evaluate the data with normal distribution.Results: It was seen that 69.5% of the students was assertive and mean scores for assertiveness of the male students (19.4±17.9 were higher than that of the female students (29.0±14.1. However, mean scores for peer pressure of the male students (56.6±12.4 were higher than that of the female students (44.0±8.8. It was found out that there was a positive direction middle level significant correlation between mean assertiveness scores and mean peer pressure scores of the studentsConclusion: Although we did not find any significant correlation between mean assertiveness scores and mean peer pressure scores, it was seen that male students were more assertive than female students and male students experienced peer pressure more than female students.

  8. AQA A level physics student book 2

    CERN Document Server

    England, Nick; Thomas, Nicky

    2015-01-01

    Expand and challenge your students' knowledge and understanding of Physics with textbooks that build mathematical skills, provide practical assessment guidance and support for all 5 topic options. - Provides support for all 5 topic options: Astrophysics; Turning Points in Physics; Engineering Physics; Medical Physics; Electronics - Offers guidance for the mathematical requirements of the course with worked examples of calculations and a dedicated 'Maths in Physics' chapter - Measures progress and assess learning throughout the course with Test Yourself and Stretch and Ch

  9. AQA A level physics student book 1

    CERN Document Server

    England, Nick; Thomas, Nicky; Davenport, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Expand and challenge your students' knowledge and understanding of Physics with textbooks that build mathematical skills, provide practical assessment guidance and support for all 5 topic options. - Provides support for all 5 topic options: Astrophysics; Turning Points in Physics; Engineering Physics; Medical Physics; Electronics - Offers guidance for the mathematical requirements of the course with worked examples of calculations and a dedicated 'Maths in Physics' chapter - Measures progress and assess learning throughout the course with Test Yourself and Stretch and Ch

  10. 初一学生正念与主观幸福感:自尊的中介作用%Mindfulness and Subjective Well-being among Junior School Students:Mediating Role of Self-esteem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高立雅; 耿岩; 刘兴华

    2014-01-01

    目的:考察自尊在初中一年级学生的正念水平与主观幸福感之间的中介作用。方法采用五因素正念量表(FFMQ)、幸福感指数量表(IWB)和自尊量表(SES)对409名北京市初一年级学生进行调查。结果①皮尔逊积差相关分析显示,正念水平与主观幸福感呈显著正相关(r=0.308)、与自尊呈显著正相关(r=0.496)、自尊与主观幸福感呈显著正相关(r=0.500);②多元线性回归分析对中介作用的检验表明,自尊在正念水平与主观幸福感之间起完全中介作用。结论初一年级学生的正念与主观幸福感之间的相关关系是通过自尊来中介的。%Objective To examine whether self -esteem mediate the relation between mindfulness and subjective well -being among grade one students in junior school.Methods The Five Faced Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ),Index of Well -Being(IWB),Self-EsteemScale(SES)wereadministeredto409juniorschoolstudentsinBeijing.Results ①Pearsoncorrelationanalysisshowedthat mindfulness level was positively correlated to subjective well -being (r=0.308) and to self-esteem(r=0.496) and that there was significant positively correlation between self -esteem and subjective well -being (r=0.500).②Hierarchical linear modeling showed significant full mediation of self -esteem in the association between mindfulness and subjective well -being.Conclusion Self-esteem fully mediated the positive link between mindfulness and subjective well -being.

  11. Internet use and its addiction level in medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upadhayay N

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Namrata Upadhayay,1 Sanjeev Guragain2 1Department of Physiology; 2Department of Pharmacology, Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara Lekhnath, Nepal Objective: To compare the Internet addiction levels between male and female medical students.Methods: One hundred medical students (male: 50, female: 50 aged 17–30 years were included in a cross-sectional study. A standardized questionnaire was used to assess their Internet addiction level. Additionally, a self-designed questionnaire was used to identify the various purposes of Internet use among the students. The Internet addiction score (based on the Internet Addiction Test was compared between male and female students by using the Mann–Whitney U test (p≤0.05. After knowing their addiction level, we interviewed students to know if Internet use had any bad/good impact on their life. Results: The Internet Addiction Test scores obtained by the students were in the range of 11–70. Out of 100 students, 21 (male: 13, female: 8 were found to be slightly addicted to the Internet. The remaining 79 students were average online users. There was no significant difference between male and female students in the addiction level (score. However, males were more addicted than females. The major use of Internet was to download and watch movies and songs and to communicate with friends and family (76/100. Some students (24/100 used the Internet to assess information that helped them in their educational and learning activities. Some students mentioned that overuse of the Internet lead to insufficient amounts of sleep and affected their concentration levels in the classroom during lectures.Conclusion: Medical students are experiencing problems due to Internet overuse. They experience poor academic progress and lack of concentration while studying. The main use of the Internet was for entertainment and to communicate with friends and family. Keywords: addiction, Internet, medical students, entertainment

  12. 深圳市2009-2013学年初中及小学生视力状况分析%Analysis on eyesight status of junior high school and primary school students in Shenzhen from 2009 to 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谌丁艳; 周丽; 王贇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of poor eyesight and its change trend from 2009 to 2013 among junior high school and primary school students in Shenzhen,and to provide evidence for prevention and control of students’ poor eyesight in future.Methods 10 junior high schools and 10 primary schools were selected by cluster sampling meth-od.All students in the selected schools were included in the research.Information of students’eyesight was analyzed.Results A total of 114 843 person-time seyesight data were analyzed.There were 64 550 boys,50 293 girls,51 053 primary school students and 63 790 junior high school students.The rates of poor eyesight among them were 58.81% -62.58% from 2009 to 2013.Female students had a higher prevalence of poor eyesight than males (63.20% -67.25%for female students vs 54.71% -58.93% for male students,P <0.001).Moreover,junior high school students had higher prevalence of poor eyesight and moreserious situation than primary school students (70.65% -76.86% for junior high school students vs 41.56% -45.73% for primary school students,P <0.001).From the second grade,the prevalence of male and female poor eyesight increased with grade,and it was increased year by year.There was a linear trend between the prevalence of poor eyesight and academic year (P <0.001).Conclusion The situation of eyesight among students in Shenzhen is seri-ous and it has a trend of getting worse.Schools and families should cooperate closely to enhance protection of students’eye-sight,and to improve students’eyesight.%目的:了解深圳市2009—2013学年初中及小学生视力状况及变化规律,为防治学生视力不良提供依据。方法整群抽取深圳市小学和初中各10所,以抽中学校的所有学生为研究对象,对学生视力数据进行分析。结果共对114843人次的视力检查数据进行分析,其中男生64550人次,女生50293人次,小学生51053人次,初中生63790人次。2009—2013学年

  13. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roshini Rajappan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical inactivity levels are rising in developing countries and Malaysia is of no exception. Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey 2003 reported that the prevalence of physical inactivity was 39.7% and the prevalence was higher for women (42.6% than men (36.7%. In Malaysia, the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2006 reported that 43.7% (5.5 million of Malaysian adults were physically inactive. These statistics show that physically inactive is an important public health concern in Malaysia. College students have been found to have poor physical activity habits. The objective of this study was to identify the physical activity level among students of Asia Metropolitan University (AMU in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: The study design was a cross sectional survey. A total of 100 participants comprising of 50 male and 50 female students were selected for the study by means of convenience sampling. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short form was used to identify the physical activity level. Results: A greater percentage of males (56% showed high physical activity level than females (24%. In contrast, females showed high percentage of low physical activity level. Students in the age range of 22-25 years depicted more percentage (43.5% of high physical activity level. When comparison of physical activity levels were done among different races, Indian students showed greater percentage (61.8% of high physical activity level. Furthermore, students who were underweight and overweight had 50% and 46.7% of high physical activity levels respectively which are greater than the values observed in normal body weight students. Conclusion: The physical activity level among students was found satisfactory although the percentage of low level of physical activity was found higher in female students.

  14. Relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style in junior high school students%初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜蕾

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style,to provide the basis for coping with pressure positively. [Method] Social Support Rating Scale, Self-Acceptance Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used in 355 Dezhou junior high school students. (Results] 1) Junior high school students' self-acceptance, social support and active coping style were significantly different in the dimension that whether they're class cadre(P1 =0. 037,P2 =0. 000,P3 =0. 001) ;2)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with self-acceptance(r1 =0. 314,r2 =0. 279). They also had positive predict ability to itj3)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with active coping style(r1 =0. 408.r2 =0. 341). They also had positive predict ability to it; the objective support and the use of support were significantly negative related with negative coping style(r1 =- 0. 114,r2 =- 0. 122). They also had positive predict ability to it;4)the dimensions of self-acceptance were positive related with active coping style and had positive predict ability to it; the dimension self-acceptance was negative related with negative coping style and had positive predict ability to it(r=-0. 241). [Conclusions] Students should be encouraged to take more work as students' leaders to improve the level of social support and self-acceptance so that they can take positive steps when coping with pressure.%[目的] 探讨初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系,旨在为培养初中生积极应对生活压力提供依据. [方法] 采用社会支持评定量表、自我接纳量表、简易应对方式量表对德州355名初中生进行问卷调查. [结果] 1)初中生自我接纳、社会支持和积极应对在是否是班干部维度上差异均有统计学意义(P1=0.037,P2 =0.000,P3=0.001,P均<0.05);2)社会支持的主观支持和对支持的利用度两

  15. Characterizing student mathematics teachers' levels of understanding in spherical geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guven, Bulent; Baki, Adnan

    2010-12-01

    This article presents an exploratory study aimed at the identification of students' levels of understanding in spherical geometry as van Hiele did for Euclidean geometry. To do this, we developed and implemented a spherical geometry course for student mathematics teachers. Six structured, task-based interviews were held with eight student mathematics teachers at particular times through the course to determine the spherical geometry learning levels. After identifying the properties of spherical geometry levels, we developed Understandings in Spherical Geometry Test to test whether or not the levels form hierarchy, and 58 student mathematics teachers took the test. The outcomes seemed to support our theoretical perspective that there are some understanding levels in spherical geometry that progress through a hierarchical order as van Hiele levels in Euclidean geometry.

  16. Researches of health and level of physical development for students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turchina N.I

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The level of physical development and peculiarities of health in student were studied. 50 students of humanitarian specialties with two groups for health states: general and special medical was diagnostics. The study are showed that states of cardio-vascular system and physical performance are changes of structure of health in students of special groups. This data are indicate on improve of cardio-vascular system of students with differ level of health as need of attention of physical education as general factors of physical performance formed.

  17. 初中生同伴冲突解决策略的结构及发展特点%Study on the Structure and Developmental Characteristics of the Peer-Conflict for the Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文; 李利娜; 俞睿玮; 余坤珍

    2012-01-01

    To explore the structure and developmental characteristics of the peer-conflict for the freddie- school students, 360 students were tested by the questionnaire of junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies. The results showed that: junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies hadfive dimensions including active coping, compromise, competition, obedient, and avoiding; The ques- tionnaire had good reliability, validity and applicability; Overall, the developmental trend of the junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies with the growth of the grade was reverse "V", but each stage of the developmental speed was not equilibrium; The gender difference of the development of the middle-school students' peer-conflict solving strategies was insignificant, but on the two factors that was "positive responses" and "compromise", the boys' was significantly higher than girls'.%本研究采用自编初中生同伴冲突解决策略评定问卷,对大连市360名初中生施测,以考察初中生同伴冲突解决策略的结构及发展特点。结果表明:初中生同伴冲突解决策略包括积极应对、妥协、竞争、顺从、回避五个维度;自编问卷具有较好的信效度与适用性;总体上,初中生同伴冲突解决策略发展随年级的增长呈倒“V”趋势,但每个阶段的发展速度不均衡;初中生冲突解决策略发展总体性别差异不显著.但在“积极应对”和“妥协”两个因子上,男生显著高于女生。

  18. 初中生数学问题解决中的元认知调查研究%A Survey Research about Meta-Cognition of Mathematics Problem Solving in Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁兴全; 冯长焕; 王博蓉

    2015-01-01

    本文利用“数学问题解决中的元认知问卷量表”,对初中学生进行了抽样调查。然后对数据进行了数学问题解决中的元认知与数学成绩的相关性研究,对不同性别、不同成绩段以及不同年级学生的数学问题解决中的元认知进行了差异分析。结果表明,初中生数学问题解决中的元认知与数学成绩成显著正相关;初中生数学问题解决中的元认知在性别上差异不大,但在年级和优差生间差异较大。%Using a questionnaire about meta-cognition of mathematics problem solving , this study conducted a sample survey in junior middle school students .Analysis of the correlation between meta-cognition of mathematics problem solving and math scores , we also have analyzed the difference about meta-cognition of mathematics problem solving for different gender , math scores and grades .The following results are obtained: the meta-cognition of mathematics problem solving and math scores are of significant positive correlation on the part of junior middle school students;the meta-cognition of mathematics problem solving is little difference in gender , but there are sig-nificant differences in different grades and different math scores .

  19. Structural Biology for A-Level Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philip, Judith

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between the structure and function of proteins is an important area in biochemistry. Pupils studying A-level Biology are introduced to the four levels of protein structure (primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary) and how these can be used to describe the progressive folding of a chain of amino acid residues to a final,…

  20. 交际教学法对初中生英语学习兴趣的影响%The influence of communicative approach on junior middle school students' interest in English learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴婷婷

    2016-01-01

    Interest can attract students to study, such as the fragrance of flowers can attract bees to col ect honey, the higher the interest of students, the stronger the enthusiasm of learning. How to improve students' foreign language learning interest stil troubles foreign language teachers. This paper analyzes the communicative approach and the current situation of foreign language teaching, the communicative approach is applied to the junior high school English teaching, in order to better promote the students' foreign language learning.%兴趣如花香一样可以吸引蜜蜂(学生)去采蜜(学习),学生的兴趣度越高,学习的热情越强。如何提高学生的外语学习兴趣一种困扰着外语教师。本文在对交际教学法和目前外语教学状况进行简要分析后将交际教学法运用到初中英语教学之中,以便更好促进学生外语学习。

  1. Dental anxiety among university students at the University of Tromsø: a quantitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Storjord, Helene Persen; Teodorsen, Mari Mjønes

    2013-01-01

    This study demonstrated that dental students have a lower degree of dental anxiety compared to psychology- and biology students. Senior dental students also have less dental anxiety than junior dental students. This indicates that the dentistry programme structure may influence dental anxiety levels.

  2. Social skills levels on nursery students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Pades Jiménez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To analyse the social skills of a sample group of 3rd year nursing students who attended a social skills training programme. Materials and method: An outline is made of the results of a descriptive study that analyses the social skills of a sample group of 314 students from different academic years, studying at the Palma de Mallorca University School of Nursing. For assessment purposes, a Social Skills Scale (Gismero, 2000 was used. Results: The results show that the sample group’s social skills were not low. They only encountered problems when it came to upholding their own rights (Factors 2 or to engaging in interactions with the opposite sex (Factor 6. Even so, a social skills training programme is proposed in the form of a psycho-educational training course in order to improve the students’ social skills in these areas, provide them with stress prevention tools, train them in communication skills, and improve relations between patients/families and the medical team.

  3. Student Preferences for M-Learning Application Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delialioglu, Ömer; Alioon, Yasaman

    2014-01-01

    This study attempts to find out students' expectations from mobile learning (m-learning) applications. The relationship between students' grade levels (freshman, sophomore, junior, senior) and their preferred m-learning application characteristics were analyzed. A questionnaire on students' preferences in m-learning applications was used as the…

  4. The Application of Inquiring Teaching to the Junior English Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHUI Xin-yue

    2014-01-01

    As a teaching method against the giving-and-accepting pattern, the inquiring teaching in junior high school pays more attention to learners’understanding, feeling and experience in the course and emphasizes the cooperation and communica-tion among students and teachers. In this paper, it explores the advantages of inquiring teaching, which cultivate students ’interest in learning and ability of analyses, induction and application, compared with the traditional teaching.Besides, some suggestions are provided in English teaching of Junior high school.

  5. Experience of training core competencies for junior nurses ( N1-level )in intensive care units%ICU低年资护士N1级核心能力培训体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林育群; 许实燕; 郑杏桔

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨适合ICU低年资护士N1级核心能力培训的方法.方法:评估低年资护士核心能力,确定岗位职级,通过集中授课、现场观摩、示范、自学、病例讨论、查房等,进行核心能力培训,培训分为3个阶段进行,全部完成时间2~3年,评价内容包括专科理论和专业知识、技能、案例项目积累完成情况及分析能力、实际工作的应对能力.观察指标为N1级护士培训前后核心能力各项的分值及ICU各项护理质量指标的变化.结果:培训后低年资护士核心能力、ICU各项护理质量指标明显提高.结论:专业核心能力N1级培训有利于提高低年资护士核心能力及保证护理质量.%Objective: To find an effective method of training core competencies for junior nurses ( N1-level )in intensive care units. Methods: According to the nurses in different class of position, We trained the nurses by the centralism teach ing, live visit, demonstration, self-study, case discussions, patient rounds, etc. the training was divided into three stages and completed in 2-3 years. the evaluation content including professional knowledge and technology, completion of the project accumulating case, analysis and the Capacity to respond to practical work. the scores of the nurses' core competen cies before and after training and the changes of nursing quality indicators of ICU were analyzed. Results: Core competen cies and nursing quality indicators of the junior nurses in ICU were improved significantly after the training. Conclusion: The core competence training help to improve core competence of the junior nurses and ensure quality of medical care.

  6. 某初中学生营养知识行为及态度调查%The investigation about nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior of the junior middle school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾红佳

    2016-01-01

    Objective Come to understand the nutrition knowledge,attitude and behavior of the junior middle school students.Methods The students from the grade one to three in the junior school sampled by stratified cluster ran-dom sampling method were investigated for descriptive analysis.Results The results showed that a junior high school students knowing about the awareness of essential nutrients,vitamin C,protein,calcium,iodine,iron,energy, fat,dietary fiber is a good food source rates were 30.39%, 86.93%, 82.35%, 67.97%, 65.03%, 46.08%, 80.07%,46.41%,49.35%separately.The students eating breakfast,milk,egg,fruit and vegetables 6~7 times per week were only 69.28%,15.69%,14.05%,61.76% and 31.37%.89.22% students believed that the nutrition knowledge have an impact on health,students willing to learn the knowledge of nutrition was 86.27%,correctting bad eating habits was 85 .29%.Conclusion It is not optimistic about the nutrition knowledge among middle school students,eating behavior is not scientific,but the attitude of learning nutritional knowledge is proactive.%目的:了解某初中学生的营养知识行为及态度现状。方法采用分层整群随机抽样方法抽取某初中一到三年级学生问卷调查,进行描述性分析。结果初中学生对必需营养素种类维生素C 优质蛋白质钙碘能量脂肪铁膳食纤维良好的食物来源的知晓率分别为30.39%86.93%82.35%67.97%65.03%46.08%80.07%46.41%和49.35%。每周食用早餐牛奶鸡蛋蔬菜和水果6~7次的学生分别仅占69.28%15.69%14.05%61.76%和31.37%。89.22%的学生认为营养知识对健康有影响,愿意学习营养知识的学生占86.27%,愿意纠正不良饮食习惯的学生有85.29%。结论该初中学生营养知识知晓情况不容乐观,饮食行为不科学,但学习营养相关知识的态度积极。

  7. 低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向状况调查%An epidemiological survey of internet addiction and internet addiction tendencies among junior college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静; 齐玉龙; 梅翠竹

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向,了解其心理健康状况及所采取的应对方式,为大学生网络成瘾的早期干预提供依据.方法:分层抽取安徽某大学一、二年级大学生190名,使用、和进行自填式问卷调查.结果:调查对象网络成瘾检出率为5.3%,其中男生8.1%,女生3.9%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);二年级为8.9%,高于一年级1.1%(P0.05);二年级为19.8%,高于一年级13.5%(P>0.05).网络成瘾组及倾向组与正常组比较,SCL-90总分及各因子分均高于正常组(P<0.01);在应对方式上,网络成瘾组与正常组在消极应对上差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),积极应对上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:低年级大学生网络成瘾及倾向者心理健康水平较低,且倾向于使用消极的应对方式.%Objective: To explore the cunent status of internet addiction and addiction tendencies of junior college students, and to study the status of the irmental health and the coping styles, so as to provide the basis for the early intervention for junior college students. Methods: Using stratified cluster random sanpling method, 190 college students of Anhui Province were investigated with " CIAS-R"," Symptom Check Scale List-90" and" Trait Coping Style Questionnaire". Results: Among all students surveyed 5. 3% of intemet users were diagnosed with internet addiction, including 8. 1% male students and 3. 9% female students. There was no significant difference between them(P >0. 05). It was higher in sophcmores(8. 9% ) than in freshmen(1. 1% ) (P 0. 05). There was 19. 8% of sophcmores, compared with 13. 5% of freshnen with no significance between them( P > 0. 05). Intemet addiction group and addiction tendency group, compared with normal group had significant differences in the total scores of all factors of SCL-90(P 0.05). Conclusions: internet addiction and addiction tendencies anong junior college students have lowermental healti and tend to use the

  8. Analysis on Characteristics of junior middle school students in Taian%泰安市初中一年级学生个性特征调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕荣菊; 李秀红; 李翠萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To understanding the personality characteristics of junior middle school students in Tai’an City of Shandong Province. Methods:2460 junior middle school students from 39 classes of counties and districts in Tai’an Cit-y have been tested Eysenck Personality Questionnaire(for Children)by using the method of random stratified cluster sam-pling. Results Mean scores girls P≥ 60、N≥60、E ﹥ 40 are higher than those of boys,mean scores of boys with E≤40 are lower than those of girls. Psychosis scores of private schools are higher than those of public schools,yet introversion and ex-troversion scores of public schools are higher than those of private schools. The four factors of gender and personality are positively correlated. School property is positively correlated to psychosis and neuroticism,and four factors of personality are positively correlated. Conclusions Gender,school property are all related to personality of the junior middle school students related. It is an important task for the society,school and family to educate and mould personality as well as cor-rect bad personality tendency of the junior middle school freshmen.%目的:了解泰安市初中一年级学生个性特征。方法采用随机分层整群抽样的方法,随机选取泰安市区、县郊9所中学39个班进行问卷调查并与全国中学生个性特征相比较。结果不同性别间的神经质与精神质评分差异有统计学意义,女生的精神质分值高于男生,男生的神经质分值高于女生。不同人格倾向及性别间评分差异有统计学意义。P≥60、N≥60、E ﹥40的女生的均分都高于男生,E≤40的男生均分低于女生;私立学校的精神质分值高于公立学校,公立学校的内外向分值高于私立学校。性别与个性四因子之间成正相关。学校属性与精神质、神经质之间成正相关;而个性的四个因子之间成正相关。结论性别、学校属性与初中生个

  9. A study on fossilization of Interlanguage and Junior High English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何传丽

    2016-01-01

    English in junior high has been an essential part for students since it's a period toestablish basic English knowledge and skills. It's necessary for teachers to study English teaching. Interlanguage is an common phenomenon on English study. This article focus on the interlanguage, the fossilization of it and the impacts of interlanguage on the junior high English teaching.

  10. Assessment System for Junior High Schools in Taiwan to Select Environmental Education Facilities and Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shyue-Yung; Chen, Wen-Te; Hsu, Wei-Ling

    2017-01-01

    Environmental education is essential for people to pursue sustainable development. In Taiwan, environmental education is taught to students until they graduate from junior high school. This study was conducted to establish an assessment system for junior high schools to select appropriate environmental education facilities and sites. A mix of…

  11. Adolescent Views of Time Management: Rethinking the School Day in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Paris S.; Strom, Robert D.; Sindel-Arrington, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    Junior high school presents a significant increase in time demands both for study and for social relationships. The students (N = 240) in grades 7 and 8 at a junior high school anonymously completed online the Time Management Poll concerning their own use of time and the way their school managed time. The 20 items in the poll allowed them to…

  12. How to Use Communicative Language Teaching in Teaching of Spoken English in Junior Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    才项措

    2012-01-01

      Many students find themselves cannot use spoken English to communicate with others, and this phenomenon has been ap-pearing in each teaching stage, especially in junior middle schools. Therefore, this paper sates Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) might be used as an effective way to solve current problem in English teaching and Spoken English teaching in junior middle schools.

  13. Assessment System for Junior High Schools in Taiwan to Select Environmental Education Facilities and Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shyue-Yung; Chen, Wen-Te; Hsu, Wei-Ling

    2017-01-01

    Environmental education is essential for people to pursue sustainable development. In Taiwan, environmental education is taught to students until they graduate from junior high school. This study was conducted to establish an assessment system for junior high schools to select appropriate environmental education facilities and sites. A mix of…

  14. Adolescent Views of Time Management: Rethinking the School Day in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Paris S.; Strom, Robert D.; Sindel-Arrington, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    Junior high school presents a significant increase in time demands both for study and for social relationships. The students (N = 240) in grades 7 and 8 at a junior high school anonymously completed online the Time Management Poll concerning their own use of time and the way their school managed time. The 20 items in the poll allowed them to…

  15. How do master level students in Computer Science perceive plagiarism?

    OpenAIRE

    Berglund, Anders; Thota, Neena

    2011-01-01

    Plagiarism is a serious problem in computer science.This paper reports the analyses of data about plagiarism that wasgathered from master level students in computing. We haveidentified how students perceive plagiarism, how they choose torespond when faced by a scenario involving plagiarism, and whatdrives them to take a particular stance or adopt an action. Thedata-driven analyses show complex understanding of plagiarismand a range of motives that could lead students to plagiarize. Wehave fou...

  16. SPORT AND MENTAL HEALTH LEVEL AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Kenioua Mouloud; Boumasjed Abd Elkader

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: study of mental health level of university student, athletes and non-athletes. Material: The tested group consisted of 160 male and female undergraduates from Ouargla University, Algeria; 80 students-athletes from Institute of Physical Education and Sports and 80 students-non-athletes from Department of Psychology, English and Mathematics. In the study we used health mental scale, adapted by Diab (2006) to Arab version scale, formed from five dimensions (Competence and self-confidenc...

  17. The Evaluation of Burnout Levels of Sports Sciences Faculty Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocaeksi, Serdar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to evaluate the burnout levels of sports sciences faculty students in terms of some other variables. 46 Female (Age, M: 20.88 ± 1.86) and 107 male (Age, M: 22.15 ± 2.15) in total 153 students participated in this research. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Form (MBI-SF) was used for data collection. Descriptive…

  18. AQA A-level year 2 physics student guide

    CERN Document Server

    Lovat, Ian

    2016-01-01

    Written by experienced teacher Ian Lovat, this Student Guide for Physics:Written by experienced teacher Pauline Lowrie, this Student Guide for Biology:- Helps students identify what they need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined in the AS and A-level specifications- Consolidates understanding with tips and knowledge check questions- Provides opportunities to improve exam technique with sample answers to exam-style questions- Develops independent learning and research skills- Provides the content for generating individual revision notes

  19. Edexcel a level year 2 physics student guide

    CERN Document Server

    Benn, Mike

    2016-01-01

    Written by experienced author Mike Benn, this Student Guide for Physics:Written by experienced teacher Pauline Lowrie, this Student Guide for Biology:- Helps students identify what they need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined in the AS and A-level specifications- Consolidates understanding with tips and knowledge check questions- Provides opportunities to improve exam technique with sample answers to exam-style questions- Develops independent learning and research skills- Provides the content for generating individual revision notes

  20. 安徽省中学生情绪管理与攻击行为相关性分析%Association between emotional regulation and aggressive behavior among junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王法艳; 朱文束; 祖萍; 赵玉秋; 朱鹏; 陶芳标

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between emotional regulation and aggressive behavior among junior high school students from Anhui province. Methods All the participants from 12 high schools in 3 cities of Anhui province were obtained by a stratified random cluster sampling. The Aggression Questionnaire and the Staffing Emotional Intelligence Scale of Gole-man were implemented among 5 892 students. Results Gender and grade were significantly correlated with aggressive behavior (P <0.05) , with boys and senior students scored higher. Students with lower scores of emotional regulation had significantly higher aggression scores (P<0.01). Data from multiple regression analysis demonstrated that low emotional regulation was predicative of aggressive behavior(β=-0. 368,P<0. 01). Conclusion Emotional regulation is associated with aggressive behavior among junior high school students, and this could shed lights on interventions for adolescents with aggressive behaviors.%目的 探讨中学生情绪管理与攻击行为的关系,为攻击行为的干预提供科学依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样法,对安徽省宣城、淮北、蚌埠市12所学校的5 892名中学生进行问卷调查,分析中学生情绪管理得分与攻击行为得分的相关性.结果 男生攻击行为得分高于女生,高中生攻击行为得分高于初中生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).高情绪管理能力组中学生攻击行为得分低于低情绪管理能力组(P<0.01).在控制性别、学段、父母文化程度等变量后,线性回归分析显示情绪管理能力对攻击行为具有负向预测力(β=-0.368,P<0.01).结论 中学生情绪管理和攻击行为的相关有统计学意义.应提升有攻击行为青少年的情绪管理能力.

  1. Impact of Leveled Reading Books on the Fluency and Comprehension Levels of First Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seals, Melissa Paige

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this nonequivalent, control group, pretest-posttest design study was to evaluate the effectiveness of leveled book programs on first-grade students' oral reading fluency rates and comprehension levels. This study was conducted over a 10-week time span with four first-grade classes. All of the students in each class were given a…

  2. The Impact of Gender and Reading Level On: Student Perception, Academic Practice, and Student Enjoyment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclafani, Chris; Wickes, Dennis

    2017-01-01

    Much research has been conducted on reading levels of elementary school students. Teachers search for learning experiences that lend inclusion to all genders and levels. How does this all lay out for the students? The initial trial of the study looks into the impact and differences of gender and/or reading level on areas such as school enjoyment,…

  3. Reliability, validity, and applicability of isolated and combined sport-specific tests of conditioning capacities in top-level junior water polo athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uljevic, Ognjen; Esco, Michael R; Sekulic, Damir

    2014-06-01

    Standard testing procedures are of limited applicability in water sports, such as water polo. The aim of this investigation was to construct and validate methods for determining water polo-specific conditioning capacities. We constructed 4 combined-capacity tests that were designed to mimic real-game water polo performances: sprint swimming performance, shooting performance, jumping performance, and precision performance. In all cases, combined-capacity tests included a period of standardized exhaustion followed by the performance of the targeted quality (swimming, shooting, jumping, and precision). In the first part of the study, single-capacity tests (sprint swim, in-water jump, drive shoot, and precision performance) were tested and later included in the combined-capacity tests. Study subjects consisted of 54 young male water polo players (15-18 years of age, 185.6 ± 6.7 cm, and 83.1 ± 9.9 kg). Most of the tests evaluated were found to be reliable with Cronbach alpha values ranging from 0.83 to 0.96 and coefficients of variation from 21 to 2% (for the single-capacity tests) and 0.75 to 0.93 test-retest correlation (intraclass correlation coefficients) with Bland-Altman tight limits of agreement (for combined-capacity tests). The combined-capacity tests discriminated qualitative groups of junior water polo players (national squad vs. team athletes) more effectively than single-capacity tests. This is most likely because combined-capacity tests more closely represent the complex fitness capacities required in real game situations. Strength and conditioning practitioners and coaches working with water polo athletes should consider incorporating these validated tests into their assessment protocols.

  4. Junior High School Mathematics Teaching Should Reflect Students-Oriented Ideas%初中数学教学应体现学生主体理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱卸祥

    2011-01-01

    新课程实施已多年,然而现实的初中数学课堂,很多教师还是以讲为主,不注重学生思维、知识的形成过程,特别是在常态课的教学中更为严重。因而很有必要谈谈数学课堂教学中以学生为主体的理念。%New curriculum has been in use for years, but in junior high school mathematics classrooms, many teachers are still busying imparting, ignoring developing studnets' thinking and knowledge acquisition ability. This is especially seen in normal teachings. H

  5. Using Minute Papers to Determine Student Cognitive Development Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella, Lia

    2015-01-01

    Can anonymous written feedback collected during classroom assessment activities be used to assess students' cognitive development levels? After library instruction in a first-year engineering design class, students submitted minute papers that included answers to "what they are left wondering." Responses were coded into low, medium and…

  6. Using Minute Papers to Determine Student Cognitive Development Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella, Lia

    2015-01-01

    Can anonymous written feedback collected during classroom assessment activities be used to assess students' cognitive development levels? After library instruction in a first-year engineering design class, students submitted minute papers that included answers to "what they are left wondering." Responses were coded into low, medium and…

  7. Sound Levels and Risk Perceptions of Music Students During Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Matilde A; Amorim, Marta; Silva, Manuela V; Neves, Paula; Sousa, Aida; Inácio, Octávio

    2015-01-01

    It is well recognized that professional musicians are at risk of hearing damage due to the exposure to high sound pressure levels during music playing. However, it is important to recognize that the musicians' exposure may start early in the course of their training as students in the classroom and at home. Studies regarding sound exposure of music students and their hearing disorders are scarce and do not take into account important influencing variables. Therefore, this study aimed to describe sound level exposures of music students at different music styles, classes, and according to the instrument played. Further, this investigation attempted to analyze the perceptions of students in relation to exposure to loud music and consequent health risks, as well as to characterize preventive behaviors. The results showed that music students are exposed to high sound levels in the course of their academic activity. This exposure is potentiated by practice outside the school and other external activities. Differences were found between music style, instruments, and classes. Tinnitus, hyperacusis, diplacusis, and sound distortion were reported by the students. However, students were not entirely aware of the health risks related to exposure to high sound pressure levels. These findings reflect the importance of starting intervention in relation to noise risk reduction at an early stage, when musicians are commencing their activity as students.

  8. Aerobic Capacity and Anaerobic Power Levels of the University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Cengiz

    2016-01-01

    The aim of study was to analyze aerobic capacity and anaerobic power levels of the university students. Total forty university students who is department physical education and department business (age means; 21.15±1.46 years for male and age means; 20.55±1.79 years for female in department physical education), volunteered to participate in this…

  9. Characterizing Student Mathematics Teachers' Levels of Understanding in Spherical Geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guven, Bulent; Baki, Adnan

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an exploratory study aimed at the identification of students' levels of understanding in spherical geometry as van Hiele did for Euclidean geometry. To do this, we developed and implemented a spherical geometry course for student mathematics teachers. Six structured, "task-based interviews" were held with eight student…

  10. Attitude of Secondary Level Students towards Their School Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musheer, Zainab; Govil, Punita; Gupta, Swati

    2016-01-01

    The present study attempts to know the attitude of secondary school students towards their school climate. It explores their attitude with reference to certain demographic variables like gender, medium of instruction in the school and educational level of parents. The study has been conducted on the sample of 358 students studying at various…

  11. Students' Motivation toward English Language Learning at Undergraduate Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mumtaz; Aftab, Maria; Yaqoob, Humaira

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this descriptive research is to explore the fact that why students are less motivated towards English language learning at undergraduate level. It also throws light upon the very facts of motivation with regard to the factors like student-teacher relationship, class room environment, self esteem or self respect, and willingness…

  12. 景颇族初中生的民族社会化觉察及其特征%Perceived ethnic socialization ofJingpo junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹可丽; 包广华; 钱丽梅; 马霓珊

    2016-01-01

    Ethnic socialization is key element of a minority family’s education in a multinational state, and it has an important influence on the ethnic attitude development of adolescents. Perceived ethnic socialization refers to the minority child’s understanding of information, and consists of cultural socialization, preparation for bias, promotion of mistrust, etc. Essentially, this is what their parents transmit to them regardingethnicity. Research in this field is based on the work of American psychologists, and the methods focus primarily on cross-sectional self-reporting. Few researchers have examined the ethnic socialization of ethnic Chinese minorities through empirical study. In study 1, 464 students from the Jingpo minority community in Yunnan Province completed a questionnaire that illuminated a perceived ethnic socialization scale (Chinese revision). Another 159 junior high school students took part in an open-ended questions survey to collect conflicting stories and biases. Study 2 was a situation-experiment designed to simulate conflict contexts with bias or non-bias between Jingpo students and Dai students, and explored ethnic socialization message-transmission after experiencing contextual simulation for 335 Jingpo junior high school students. Experiment 3 examined ethnic socialization messages by using story completion tasks, and was completed by 119 Jingpo junior high school students. Results indicated that Jingpo junior high students perceived four types of ethnic socialization messages: cultural socialization, promotion of mistrust, preparation for bias and the promotion of harmony (which is significantly different). As a percentage, “promotion of harmony” was reported as significantly higher than “cultural socialization” and “preparation for bias”; the least reported was “promotion of mistrust”. There was a significant difference evident between simulating contexts with bias versus non-biased clues in preparation for bias. Genders

  13. 医学专升本学生时间管理倾向与自我监控的相关性研究%A correlative study on time management disposition and self-monitoring of medical students upgrading from junior college to university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊卿

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解医学专升本学生时间管理倾向与自我监控的状况,并分析两者的相关性。方法采用青少年时间管理倾向量表和Snyder自我监控力量表个人反应问卷,对专升本406名学生进行调查和分析。结果1)医学专升本学生中生活在农村与生活在城镇的学生在时间效能感上的差异( t=2.223,P﹤0.05)、是否独生子女在时间管理倾向与时间效能感上的差异( t=-2.138,P﹤0.05;t=-2.616,P﹤0.05)、是否学生干部在时间监控感上的差异( t=2.731,P﹤0.05)有统计学意义;2)在各人口统计学特征上,高/低监控水平都存在统计学意义,有显著性差异(P﹤0.05);3)自我监控与时间监控感存在低度相关(r=0.104,P﹤0.05)。结论医学专升本学生自我监控水平的不同对时间管理倾向的影响不明显,但自我监控水平与时间监控观存在相关性。%Objective To know the status of time management disposition and self‐monitoring of medical students upgrading from junior college to university ,and to analyze the correlation between the two .Methods By Time Management Disposition Scale and Snyder self‐monitoring individuals reaction force form questionnaire , the investigation and analysis on the 406 students .Results 1)Medical students upgrading from junior college to univer‐sity of colleges and universities living in rural and urban in the time difference in efficacy ( t=2.223 ,P﹤0.05 ) , whether the child at the time management disposition and time management efficacy difference ( t= -2.138 ,P﹤0.05 ;t= -2.616 ,P﹤ 0.05 ) , whether the student leaders a sense of the difference in the time control ( t=2.731 ,P﹤0 .05 ) was statistically significant .2 )In each demographic characteristics ,high/low control level have statistically significant ,there were significant differences ( P﹤0.05 ) .3 )Self‐monitoring and low sense of time mo

  14. A Study of Students' Loneliness Levels and Their Attachment Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin Kiralp, F. Sülen; Serin, Nergüz B.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between loneliness levels and attachment styles of university students. In this research, it was investigated whether the attachment styles differed in terms of variables such as gender, class, place of stay, socio-economic level of their family, parental education levels, counterpart…

  15. The Ability of A-Level Students to Name Plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bebbington, Anne

    2005-01-01

    The ability of A level students to recognise and name common wild flowers was shown to be very poor. Trainee teachers performed little better and nearly a third of the practising A-level biology teachers tested were able to name only three or fewer wild flowers. Although opportunities exist at primary level for children to learn about the…

  16. Student Ratings of Instruction at Teachers College in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Te-Sheng

    This study examined the effects of course level, class size, and instructor gender on student ratings of teacher performance at the National Hualien Teachers College in Taiwan. A total of 9,843 usable evaluation forms were completed for 440 courses (96 freshmen-level, 142 sophomore-level, 119 junior-level, and 83 senior-level) taught by 132…

  17. A pilot survey of junior doctors' confidence in tasks related to broad aspects of competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaarup, Anne Marie; Davis, Deborah; Ringsted, Charlotte Vibeke

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study was to survey junior doctors' growth in confidence in different physician roles. A total of 165 junior doctors in internal medicine completed a self-administered survey of confidence levels in physician roles. Confidence levels between training levels were compared....

  18. Perilaku Konsumsi Tembakau Pelajar SMP Usia 13–15 Tahun di Sumatra dan Jawa (Analisis Indonesia–Gyts 2009 (Behavior Tobacco Consumption of Junior High School Student Aged 13–15 Years in Sumatra and Java (Analysis of Indonesia–Gyts 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tati Suryati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: adolescence is a crucial period that must be maintained properly, because it has a direct and long-termimpact of the act he/she was doing. Baseline Health Research (RISKESDAS 2007 showed that 59.5% of the causes ofdeath in Indonesia were due non communicable diseases (NCD, and tobacco consumption contributed as trigger of majority of NCD cases. Information related to the behavior of youth tobacco consumption is required to formulate strategicplan to reduce the incidence. Method: standard questionnaires were fi lled by students of 40 junior high schools from 33 districts and cities in Sumatra and Java, with a total sample of 142 classes (covering grades 7 to 9. Results: a total of 3,319 junior high school students aged 13–15 years were covered with a 94.0% response rate. About 20.3% of students was active smokers and 11.5% non-smoker students planned to smoke in 2010. There was 4.2% of active smoker students showed symptoms of addiction to the nicotine in cigarettes. Eight out of 10 active smokers need help to quit smoking. The main factors that motivate junior high school students in Sumatra and Java to smoke were 15.7% of all/most of his close friends smoking and 7 out of 10 junior high school students have at least one parent as smoker. Recommendations: Efforts to prevent children from smoking should be conducted together with support of national tobacco control policies, and the local policies with support from non-governmental organizations, community leaders, health workers, educators, school personnel and families.

  19. A Practical Study of Scaffolding Instruction among Lower-class Junior Middle School Students' English Writing%初中低年级英语写作中支架式教学实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄静萍

    2015-01-01

    作为建构主义的理念,"支架式教学"在"教"与"学"的双向互动方面提出了极富创造性的见解.遵循此理念,在初中低年级英语写作教学实践中,通过搭建"支架",创设问题情境、小组合作、教师导引、评估分析等举措,把"教"与"学"的重心逐渐由教师向学生转移,实现学生的自主学习.%As a Structuralist concept, "Scaffolding Instruction" provides fairly innovative insights into the interaction between "teaching" and "learning". By adhering to this concept, the teaching practice of lower-class junior middle school students' English writing should build "scaffolds", create situations, develop group work, provide teacher guidance, and make evaluation and analysis, so that the focus of "teaching" and "learning" can be shifted gradually from teachers to students, and achieve students' autonomous learning.

  20. Internet use and its addiction level in medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Upadhayay N; Guragain S

    2017-01-01

    Namrata Upadhayay,1 Sanjeev Guragain2 1Department of Physiology; 2Department of Pharmacology, Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara Lekhnath, Nepal Objective: To compare the Internet addiction levels between male and female medical students.Methods: One hundred medical students (male: 50, female: 50) aged 17–30 years were included in a cross-sectional study. A standardized questionnaire was used to assess their Internet addiction level. Additionally, a self-designed questionnaire was use...

  1. 初中生人际信任与父母教养方式的关系研究%A Study of Relationship Between Interpersonal Trust and Parenting Style for Junior School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利君; 戴晴

    2012-01-01

    运用信任量表和父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU),对湖南的两所中学进行抽样调查,结果:初中生人际信任水平没有显著的年级、性别差异,只在依赖维度上女生略高于男生,但没有显著性差异。整体上,独生子女的人际信任水平高于非独生子女,且在人际信任总分及依赖得分上存在显著性差异。父母未离异的初中生比父母离异的初中生更多感受到父亲情感温暖与理解,而父母离异的初中生比父母未离异的初中生更多感受到母亲的过分干涉与过分保护。结论:积极的教养方式与人际信任呈正相关,消极的教养方式与人际信任呈负相关。%In order to analyze the relationship between interpersonal trust and parenting style about interpersonal trust among junior middle school students and the difference in grade, gender and get some idea , the only child or not, this paper has conducted a survey in two middle schools in Hunan by using EMBU. It finds that there is no re- markable diffemence in grade and gender in interpersonal trust among the junior middle school students, but there is a slight differnce between female and male, that is, female is more reliable than male.On the whole, the only child's degeree of trust is much higher than non-only child. Students from nucleus family feel more fathering warmth and understanding than those from the single-parent family while students from single-parent family feel more inteference and protection from mother than those from nucleus family.The conclusion is that positive parenting style has a posi- tive relevance with interpersonal trust and vice verse.

  2. Internship training in computer science: Exploring student satisfaction levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaradat, Ghaith M

    2017-08-01

    The requirement of employability in the job market prompted universities to conduct internship training as part of their study plans. There is a need to train students on important academic and professional skills related to the workplace with an IT component. This article describes a statistical study that measures satisfaction levels among students in the faculty of Information Technology and Computer Science in Jordan. The objective of this study is to explore factors that influence student satisfaction with regards to enrolling in an internship training program. The study was conducted to gather student perceptions, opinions, preferences and satisfaction levels related to the program. Data were collected via a mixed method survey (surveys and interviews) from student-respondents. The survey collects demographic and background information from students, including their perception of faculty performance in the training poised to prepare them for the job market. Findings from this study show that students expect internship training to improve their professional and personal skills as well as to increase their workplace-related satisfaction. It is concluded that improving the internship training is crucial among the students as it is expected to enrich their experiences, knowledge and skills in the personal and professional life. It is also expected to increase their level of confidence when it comes to exploring their future job opportunities in the Jordanian market. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Analysis of Cyberbullying Sensitivity Levels of High School Students and Their Perceived Social Support Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akturk, Ahmet Oguz

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the cyberbullying sensitivity levels of high school students and their perceived social supports levels, and analyze the variables that predict cyberbullying sensitivity. In addition, whether cyberbullying sensitivity levels and social support levels differed according to gender was also…

  4. Analysis of Cyberbullying Sensitivity Levels of High School Students and Their Perceived Social Support Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akturk, Ahmet Oguz

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the cyberbullying sensitivity levels of high school students and their perceived social supports levels, and analyze the variables that predict cyberbullying sensitivity. In addition, whether cyberbullying sensitivity levels and social support levels differed according to gender was also…

  5. Effectiveness of health education on typhoid and paratyphoid fever among primary and junior school students in township%乡镇中小学生伤寒副伤寒健康教育效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪鹏; 黎慕

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of typhoid and paratyphoid fever health education among rural schools and to provide basis on infectious disease health education among rural areas. Methods Students from 9 schools in 3 towns of high incidence rate of typhoid and paratyphoid fever were randomly selected, who had received typhoid and paratyphoid fever health education. Knowledge, attitude and behavior related with typhoid and paratyphoid fever were compared before and after health education. Results After intervention, the awareness rates of typhoid and paratyphoid fever knowledge, holding rates of related attitudes and behaviors among primary (70. 68% , 87. 95% , 19. 18% ) and junior school students (73. 62% , 90. 69% , 21. 72% ) were obviously higher than the baseline investigation( P <0.05). Before intervention, the awareness rates of typhoid and paratyphoid fever knowledge and holding rates of related attitudes among primary school students were obviously lower than those of junior school students) P <0. 05 ) , however, the difference between the two groups were not significant after the intervention. Conclusion The knowledge, attitude and behavior related with typhoid and paratyphoid fever in primary and junior school students need to be improved, especially in areas with high incidence. Health education on typhoid and paratyphoid fever has quite substantial effects.%目的 评价乡镇中小学校开展伤寒副伤寒健康教育的效果,为在农村地区开展传染病健康教育提供依据.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法,抽取贵州省平坝县内伤寒副伤寒高发区3个乡镇9所学校的小学生和初中生进行健康教育,比较干预前后伤寒副伤寒知识、态度、行为改变情况.结果 干预后小学生的伤寒副伤寒防治知识知晓率、态度和行为持有率分别为70.68%,87.95%,19.18%,初中生为73.62%,90.69%,21.72%,均明显高于干预前(P值均<0.05).干预前小学生的知识

  6. Student-Support Portfolio System with Students' Assessment of Their Own Level of Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oishi, Hisami; Saika, Takashi

    A JABEE educational program must be regularly improved in educational methods and educational environment. For the purpose, the program must establish a system that enhances students' understanding of class work, promoting students' enthusiasm to learn, while coping with students' requests. The mechanical engineering departments of Kogakuin University have established a portfolio system to support students from entrance to graduation. Specifically the portfolios on students' learning and life are continuously maintained, and students' ledgers are arranged and updated. Furthermore, a system, by which students can assess their own level of achievement against the program's learning and educational objectives, is also introduced. The achievement level can be checked from various viewpoints so that students could improve their learning plans.

  7. Value-meaning Barriers in Research Activity of Junior Scientists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabalovskaya M.V.

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Contents of value-meaning barriers are covered that acquire certain specifics in research activity and influence formation of meaning-forming research motivation of junior scientists. Such barriers were assumed to be conditioned by dissonance between dominating values and degree of their realization in junior researchers. Sample of respondents included 88 beginners: postgraduate students (n=65 and masters (n=23 of Tomsk high schools aged between 21 and 35 years. As research methods the expanded version of technique by M. Rokeach (proposed by M.S. Yanitsky and A.V. Seryy, methods of statistical analysis of results (frequency analysis, Mann-Whitney test were used. Relevant value orientations of junior scientists are presented. Gender differences in value-meaning domain are revealed. Differences in values in postgraduate students and masters were found. Dissonance in degree of fulfillment of terminal and instrumental values has been established that indicates disturbances of value-meaning domain of the personality of junior scientists. Results add to scientific ideas about value-meaning barriers in research activity of junior scientists.

  8. SPORT AND MENTAL HEALTH LEVEL AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenioua Mouloud

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: study of mental health level of university student, athletes and non-athletes. Material: The tested group consisted of 160 male and female undergraduates from Ouargla University, Algeria; 80 students-athletes from Institute of Physical Education and Sports and 80 students-non-athletes from Department of Psychology, English and Mathematics. In the study we used health mental scale, adapted by Diab (2006 to Arab version scale, formed from five dimensions (Competence and self-confidence, Capacity for social interaction, Emotional maturity, Freedom from neurotic symptoms, self rating and aspects of natural deficiencies. Results : the findings indicated that university students have high level of mental health. And the mean of the responses of students-athletes group by mental health scale reached (M = 32.40, with standard deviation (STD =5.83, while the mean of the responses of students-non athletes group by mental health scale has reached (M=27.47, with standard deviation (STD=7.88. T-value, required to know significance of differences between means of students-athletes and students-non athletes has reached (T=4.51, (DF=185, p <0.01. So there are significant statistical differences between student athletes and non-athletes in their responses by mental health scale in favor of the student athletes. Conclusion:sports are beneficial in respect to mental health among university students and emphasizing the importance of the mental health of university students through its integration in the various recreational and competitive activities. Future qualitative research, covering multi-variables’ tests on mental health and others psychological characteristics could be performed in sports area.

  9. Relative age effect in junior tennis (male

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Agricola

    2013-03-01

    , participants of WJTF 2007–2011, there is a pronounced dominance of players born in the first and second quarters, i.e. in the first half-year. The mentioned conclusions show the necessity of reflecting the age effect in sports practice as it can influence sports performance, especially at the junior level.

  10. Impact Analysis of Physical Education Entrance Exam in Wuhan City Project Settings on Junior School Students' Physical Function, Physical Quality%武汉市体育中考项目设置对初中生身体机能、身体素质的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万琼

    2016-01-01

    研究目的:了解体育中考项目设置对初中生体质水平产生影响的效果及存在的问题,为中学体育教学改革与创新提供科学依据。研究方法:将1995-2014年间5次全国学生体质健康调研中武汉市13-15岁初中学生的肺活量及身体素质指标的均值每5年分别进行两两间的差异显著性t检验,并将每一阶段学生身体机能、身体素质的统计结果与1998-2014年相应阶段武汉市体育中考项目进行对应分析。研究结果和结论:体育中考对初中生身体机能和多种身体素质的提高有明显促进作用;初中体育教学存在“应试教育”现象,且在参加中考的年级更为明显。建议科学设置体育中考项目,可设必测和选测项目两类,增加学生的自主选择权;应避免初中体育课“考什么就练什么”的急功近利做法。%The purpose of this study is to:understand the influence effect and the existing problems introduced by the PE entrance exam project settings of junior middle school students' physique level, and to provide the scientific basis for the middle school sports teaching reform and innovation. Research methods: mean 5 times national student physical health surveyof 13-15 year old junior high school students' vital capacity and physical quality index of every 5 years in Wuhan City during 1995-2014 yearswere pairwise difference t-test and compare and analyze each stage students' physical function, physical quality of the statistical results and 1998-2014 years corresponding stage of PE entrance in Wuhan city exam project of correspondence. Resultsand conclusions: the study on the effect of physical functions and physical fitness that sports events settings of PE entrance exam bring about; junior high school education existing in the teaching of "exam oriented education" phenomenon, and participated in the examination of the grade is more obvious. PE entrance exam project set for scientific

  11. 空间教学对专科护生自主学习能力影响的探讨%The study of the influence of space teaching on junior-college nursing students; autonomous learning ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红涛; 董彩梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective We aimed to assess the influence of space teaching on junior-college nursing students' autonomous learning ability.Methods Using random number table,two classes of junior-college nursing students of Grade 2012 were selected and divided into the experimental group (46 students) and the control group (47 students) according to their classes.Students in the control group received routine multimedia teaching.Students in the experimental group received space teaching based on the platform of World University City.The effect of space teaching on developing nursing students' autonomous learning ability was assessed with the help of their test results and the nursing students' autonomous learning ability evaluation form.Results After carrying out space teaching,the average grade,theoretical performance,total points,the total score of autonomous learning ability and the score of each dimension in the experimental group and the differences were remarkably higher than those of the control group (t value was 2.80,2.45,2.29 and 11.58).Conclusions Space teaching can assist in arousing nursing students' learning motivation and improving nursing students' independent learning ability.It can be used for reference and promoted.%目的 评价空间教学对专科护生自主学习能力的影响.方法 采用随机数表法抽取2012级全日制统招专科护理专业2个班护生,按班级设为实验组46人和对照组47人.对照组护生采用常规多媒体课件授课,实验组护生基于世界大学城平台实施空间教学,通过课程考核成绩和护理专业学生自主学习能力测评量表评价空间教学对培养护生自主学习能力的效果.结果 空间教学课程开展后实验组护生平时成绩、卷面理论成绩、总分、自主学习能力总分和各维度得分均显著高于对照组(t值分别为2.80,2.45,2.29和11.58),差异有统计学意义.结论 空间教学有助于激发护生学习动机,促进护生自主学习能力的提高,可以借鉴推广.

  12. 新入学文理科专科护生的学习风格比较研究%Comparative study on learning styles of new nursing students in arts and sciences in junior college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗霜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To know about the learning styles and preference of nursing students in arts and sciences.Methods:The new nursing students in arts and sciences received the questionnaire by using the Kolb learning style scale.Results:The distribution of learning styles of nursing students in junior colleges were mainly based on divergence and assimilation,and the aggregation and adaptation style were less.There was difference in learning styles of students between in arts and sciences(P <0.05).The learning style of nursing students in arts was the divergent type.The learning style of nursing students in sciences was the assimilation model.Conclu-sion:The learning style of nursing students in Grade 1 is not suitable for the cultivation of talents.There are some differences in learning styles of students between in sciences and arts.Teachers should teach nursing students in arts and sciences in accordance with their aptitude,and according to the talents training requirements to guide students to shape professional related learning style.%[目的]了解文科、理科护理专业学生的学习风格和偏好。[方法]采用 Kolb 学习风格量表对新入学文科、理科护理专业学生进行问卷调查。[结果]专科学校护理专业学生的学习风格分布以发散型和同化型风格居多,聚合型和顺应型风格偏少;文科和理科护理学生的学习风格分布有差异(P <0.05),文科护生发散型最多,理科护生同化型最多。[结论]1年级护生的学习风格与人才培养目标不太适应,文理科护生的学习风格有一定差异,教师对文理科护生要因材施教,并根据人才培养要求有意识地引导学生塑造和本专业学习更匹配的学习风格。

  13. Application of the HTP test in the junior students from earthquake-stricken area%房树人测验在地震灾区初中生中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡旭强; 陈海支; 刘坚白; 杨晨虹; 陈洁英

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the application of the HTP test in the junior students from earthquake-stricken area, in order to provide new ideas for mental health evaluation of adolescent after earthquake. Methods 207 junior students in Lushan and 202 junior students from the non-quake area were investigated 2 weeks after the earthquake by using HTP and SRQ-20. Results Not only in the general score of SRQ-20, but also in scores of psychic trauma, depression and anxiety dimension significant differences were existed between the two areas (P<0.01). The total score of SRQ-20 was significantly correlated with psychic trauma, depression, anxiety of HTP (P<0.01). Conclusion HTP test is able to probe that the earthquake caused trauma impacted on students' mental health in Lushan, who need strengthen the ef-fective psychological intervention. HTP test as a non questionnalre assessment tool to evaluate the mental health status of adolescent victims after disasters has a great application value.%目的:探索房树人(HTP)测验在芦山地震灾区初中生中的应用情况,为灾后青少年心理健康状况评估提供新思路。方法采用HTP测验和心理健康自评问卷(SRQ-20)在芦山地震2周后对207名灾区初中生和202名非灾区初中生进行调查分析。结果灾区和非灾区初中生在SRQ-20总分及HTP测验的心理创伤特征、焦虑特征、抑郁特征三个维度上得分差异均有高度统计学意义(P<0.01);HTP测验的心理创伤特征、焦虑特征、抑郁特征和SRQ-20总分均存在相关性(均P<0.01)。结论 HTP测验能够洞察到地震造成的创伤严重影响了芦山灾区初中生的心理健康,需要加强有效的心理干预。 HTP测验作为评估灾后青少年心理健康状况的非问卷式评估工具,具有很大的应用价值。

  14. Comparative survey on the gender roles of junior middle school students from Naxi and Han nationality%丽江市纳西族和汉族初中生性别角色的调查比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何木叶; 李昌庆

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较纳西族和汉族初中生性别角色取向的异同,为纳西族、汉族初中生性别角色教育提供参考。方法:整群抽取云南省丽江市两所中学1000名初中生,采用性别角色量表测评。结果:纳西族和汉族初中生未分化和双性化比例均高于单性化(P <0.05)。纳西族和汉族男生男性化比例均高于女生,女生女性化比例均高于男生(P <0.01);纳西族女生双性化比例高于男生(P <0.05)。纳西族初中生4种性别角色类型年级差异无统计学意义(P >0.05),汉族初中生双性化初一>初二>初三(P <0.05)。纳西族独生子女男性化比例高于非独生子女(P <0.01);汉族非独生子女双性化比例高于独生子女(P <0.05)。结论:纳西族和汉族初中生性别角色总体分布表现出一致性,但不同性别、年级、家庭结构性别角色存在一定的差异。%Objectives:To compare the similarities and differences on gender roles of Naxi and Han nation-ality among junior middle school students,and to provide evidence for gender education.Methods: By applying Sex Role Inventory,1000 junior middle school students of two middle schools in Lijiang of Yunan province were in-vestigated with cluster sampling.Results:The undifferentiated and androgyny rate of Naxi and Han nationality in junior middle school students were significantly higher than unisexuality rates (P 0.05).The androgyny rates of grade one were signif-icantly higher than that of grade two in Han nationality (P <0.05).The androgyny rates of grade two were signifi-cantly higher than that of grade three in Han nationality (P <0.05).The masculinity rate of only child was signifi-cantly higher than that of non -only -child in Naxi nationality (P <0.01).The androgyny rate of non -only -child was significantly higher than that of only child in Han nationality (P <0.05).Conclusion:On the whole,the four gender roles of Naxi

  15. The learning continuum based on student's level of competence and specific pedagogical learning material on physiological aspects from teachers's opinions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadi, Ria Fitriyani; Subali, Bambang

    2017-08-01

    The scope of learning continuum at the conceptual knowledge is formulated based on the student's level of competence and specific pedagogical learning material. The purpose of this study is to develop a learning continuum of specific pedagogical material aspects of physiology targeted for students in primary and secondary education. This research was conducted in Province of Yogyakarta Special Region from October 2016 to January 2017. The method used in this study was survey method. The data were collected using questionnaire that had been validated from the aspects of construct validity and experts judgements. Respondents in this study consist of 281 Science/Biology teachers at Public Junior and Senior High Schools in the Province of Yogyakarta Special Region which spread in Yogyakarta city and 4 regencies namely Sleman, Bantul, Kulonprogo, and Gunungkidul. The data were taken using a census. Data were analyzed using a descriptive analysis technique. The results show the learning continuum of physiology based on teachers's opinion from grade VII, VIII, and IX are taught in grade VII, VIII, IX and X on level of C2 (understanding) and the learning continuum of physiology based on teachers's opinion from grade X, XI and XII are taught in grade X and XI on level of C2 (understanding), C3 (applying), and C4 (analyzing) based on teachers's opinions. The conclusion is that many teachers refer to the existing curriculum rather than their own original idea for developing learning continuum.

  16. Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Testing for Indonesia Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Bor-Chen; Daud, Muslem; Yang, Chih-Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a curriculum-based multidimensional computerized adaptive test that was developed for Indonesia junior high school Biology. In adherence to the Indonesian curriculum of different Biology dimensions, 300 items was constructed, and then tested to 2238 students. A multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model was…

  17. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include real numbers, similar triangles, variation, non-metric…

  18. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include the rational number system; parallels, parallelograms,…

  19. Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Testing for Indonesia Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Bor-Chen; Daud, Muslem; Yang, Chih-Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a curriculum-based multidimensional computerized adaptive test that was developed for Indonesia junior high school Biology. In adherence to the Indonesian curriculum of different Biology dimensions, 300 items was constructed, and then tested to 2238 students. A multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model was…

  20. CAI and Its Application in Rural Junior English Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Xiaojun

    2015-01-01

    Superiority in developing students' listening, speaking, etc. This thesis explores how to provide a better environment for English teaching in rural junior school with the aid of multimedia and find some ways to improve teaching efficiency. In recent years, using multimedia is the direction of reform and mainstream in English teaching. Compared…