WorldWideScience

Sample records for junior high students

  1. Junior High Career Planning: What Students Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2004-01-01

    This research used "The Comprehensive Career Needs Survey" to assess the career counselling needs of 3,562 junior high students in Southern Alberta. This article examines junior high students' responses regarding their perceptions of (a) the relevance of career planning, (b) who they would approach for help with career planning, and (c)…

  2. Obesity prevention for junior high school students: An intervention programme

    OpenAIRE

    Topalidou,Anastasia; Dafopoulou, GM

    2013-01-01

    Background: Generally, schools are an important setting to provide programmes for obesity prevention for children because the vast majority of children attend school. This study investigates how an intervention programme in the school subject of Physical Education can help reduce obesity for junior high school students in combination with information on dietary and health matters in school and family. Materials and Methods: A quantitative study for junior high school students (N = 250) and a ...

  3. Spiritual beliefs among Chinese junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Lili; Jin Shenghua

    2006-01-01

    Objective:To explore the characteristics of the spiritual beliefs among junior high school students.Method:431 junior high school students are measured by Students' Basic Information Questionnaire (SBIQ) and Middle School Students'Spiritual Beliefs Questionnaire (MSSSBQ).Results:(1) The overall characteristics of the spiritual beliefs among junior high school students are as follows:social beliefs rank first,practical faith second,and supernatural beliefs last.The ranks of the seven beliefs from high to low are nationalism,political conviction,family's doctrine,life worship,religious beliefs,money/material and gods worship.(2) Boy students have higher political conviction and money/material faith than girl students.Girt students have higher religious beliefs than boy students.(3) On the beliefs of money/material and life worship,students in Grade 9 take the first place,Grade 8 second and Grade 7 last.(4) Non-student cadres have stronger money/material faith than cadres.(5) League members have higher political beliefs than non-members.(6)Students who are good at studies have stronger national faith than students who are average or poor at studies.Students who are poor at studies have stronger money/material faith than other students.Conclusion:The spiritual beliefs of junior high school students' are positive.

  4. Social Skills and the Junior High School Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Helle; LaBahn, Joyce; Regan, Kathleen

    This paper describes a program initiated by teacher-researchers to increase the use and knowledge of appropriate social skills with junior high school students while working in academic cooperative groups. The target groups comprised sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students in a predominantly middle class community in the Midwest. The students'…

  5. Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Devi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia. Methods: A cross sectional study with non-probability sampling method, was conducted in a junior high school Jatinangor during the month of July 2013. Ninety six participants were included in this study. All the participants underwent an interview about the food intake for breakfast in seven days using eating pattern recall guidelines. Results: Overall, 37% of the respondents skipped breakfast. The mean of total calories among the adolescents who consumed breakfast was 286.06 (187.89 kcal. The amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein consumed was 29.23 (19.93 gram, 13.93 (13.29 gram and 8.78 (6.11 gram accordingly. The main reason for adolescent to skip breakfast was lack of time. Conclusions: Majority of the respondents have their breakfast before they go to school. Overall, the total calories comsumed is sufficient however the amount of protein consumed is low.

  6. Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ping-Ling; Huang, Weigang; Chuang, Yi-Li; Warren, Charles W.; Jones, Nathan R.; Asma, Samira

    2008-01-01

    Background: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of death in the world. This article describes and compares tobacco use prevalence for students attending junior high schools and senior high schools in Taiwan. Methods: This report uses data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) completed among 4689 junior high school students and 4426…

  7. Internet Literacy in Junior High School Students

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    Noneng Sumiaty

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Internet literacy can be used to acknowledge the world's growth in many sectors as quickly and accurately , as well as in education. The focus of this research is what level of internet literacy in students of SMPN 8 Purwakarta? This purposes of this research is to obtain information about the level of internet literacy in students of SMPN 8 Purwakarta. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The study population was all students in grade 8, while the sample was two students taken from each classes. There are 7 classes of grade 8 . So the overall sample was 14 informants . The theory used is adopted from Ciolek, Matthew (2003 on the understanding of internet  which consists of: basic skills , moderate skill, and advanced skills. The results showed that only a few informants have extensive knowledge of the overall level of mastering the internet. Most of the students of SMP 8 only master and understand the basic rate only. Students of SMP 8 are expected to master and understand all levels of understanding of the Internet gradually.

  8. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

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    Fijri Auliyanti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Sleep disorders are prevalent in adolescents and may influence their academic achievement. To date, no study has been done in Indonesia on academic achievement in students with sleep disorders and its related factors. Objective To assess for relationships between academic achievement and related factors, including gender, motivation and learning strategies, IQ level, maternal educational level, socioeconomic status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school students with sleep disorders. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from January to March 2013. Subjects were students from five junior high schools in Jakarta who fulfilled the criteria for sleep disorders based on the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children questionnaire. Results There were 111 study subjects. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 39.7%, mostly in difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (70.2%. Below-average academic achievement was seen in 47.6% of subjects. Factors significantly related to below-average academic achievement were after-hours education program (prevalence ratio 5.6; 95%CI 1.36 to 23.18; P = 0.017, average IQ level (prevalence ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.38 to 7.71; P = 0.007, and male gender (prevalence ratio 2.68; 95%CI 1.06 to 6.78; P = 0.037. Conclusion Among junior high school students with sleep disorders, factors related to below-average academic achievement are after-hours education program (more than 2 types, the average IQ level, and male gender. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:50-8.].

  9. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fijri Auliyanti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Sleep disorders are prevalent in adolescents and may influence their academic achievement. To date, no study has been done in Indonesia on academic achievement in students with sleep disorders and its related factors. Objective To assess for relationships between academic achievement and related factors, including gender, motivation and learning strategies, IQ level, maternal educational level, socioeconomic status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school students with sleep disorders. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from January to March 2013. Subjects were students from five junior high schools in Jakarta who fulfilled the criteria for sleep disorders based on the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children questionnaire. Results There were 111 study subjects. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 39.7%, mostly in difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (70.2%. Below-average academic achievement was seen in 47.6% of subjects. Factors significantly related to below-average academic achievement were after-hours education program (prevalence ratio 5.6; 95%CI 1.36 to 23.18; P = 0.017, average IQ level (prevalence ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.38 to 7.71; P = 0.007, and male gender (prevalence ratio 2.68; 95%CI 1.06 to 6.78; P = 0.037. Conclusion Among junior high school students with sleep disorders, factors related to below-average academic achievement are afterhours education program (more than 2 types, the average IQ level, and male gender.

  10. Refractive Errors in State Junior High School Students in Bandung

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    Sabila Tasyakur Nikmah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Uncorrected refractive error is one of the avoidable causes of vision impairment in children and adults. Vision problem in children has been shown to affect their psychological and academic performance. This study aims at identifying and gaining more insights on the characteristic of the refractive errors in state junior high school students in Bandung to avoid uncorrected refractive errors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in September–November 2015 in state junior high schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Sample was selected using multistage random sampling technique. Children were examined using tumbling E examination; then students with visual acuity worse than 6/12 underwent Snellen Chart test, refractometry without pupil dilatation, correction with trial lens, then was followed by direct ophthalmoscopy. Results: From a total of 435 children who completed all the examination, 80 children (18.39% had refractive errors; consisted of 151 eyes (94.38% with myopia and 9 eyes (5.62% with astigmatism. Refractive errors were found to be more common in female children (73.7% than male children (26.3%. Among those with refractive errors, 45 children (56.3% did not use any corrective glasses before the examination. Conclusions: Routine refractive error test in vision screening examination is needed for students. It is equally important to raise more awareness toward eye disease in community.

  11. Factors Affecting Junior High School Students' Interest in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumper, Ricardo

    2006-03-01

    We report the results of a study on students' interest in physics at the end of their compulsory schooling in Israel carried out in the framework of the ROSE Project. Factors studied were their opinions about science classes, their out-of-school experiences in physics, and their attitudes toward science and technology. Students' overall interest in physics was "neutral" (neither positive nor negative), with boys showing a higher interest than girls. We found a strong correlation between students' "neutral" interest in physics and their negative opinions about science classes. These findings raise serious questions about the implementation of changes made in the Israeli science curriculum in primary and junior high school, especially if the goal is to prepare the young generation for life in a scientific-technological era. A more in-depth analysis of the results led us to formulate curricular, behavioral, and organizational changes needed to reach this goal.

  12. Junior High School Students' Career Plans for the Future: A Canadian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2006-01-01

    This study uses the Comprehensive Career Needs Survey to assess the career plans of junior high school students in Southern Alberta, Canada. Junior high students are asked (a) what they plan to do after they leave high school; (b) their confidence in finding an occupation they enjoy, obtaining training or education, and finding work in their…

  13. Strategies for Teaching Elementary and Junior High Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consuegra, Gerard F.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the applications of Piaget's theory of cognitive development to elementary and junior high school science teaching. Topics include planning concrete experiences, inductive and hypothetical deductive reasoning, measurement concepts, combinatorial logic, scientific experimentation and reflexive thinking. (SA)

  14. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Auliyanti, Fijri; Sekartini, Rini; Mangunatmadja, Irawan

    2016-01-01

    ... status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school...

  15. The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Junior High School Students during Small Group Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, Robyn M.

    2004-01-01

    The study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on junior high school students who worked in structured or unstructured cooperative groups. Two hundred and twenty-three junior high school students participated in the study and worked in three or four-person, mixed gender and achievement groups. The results show that the children in the…

  16. Will Aesthetics English Comic Books Make Junior High School Students Fall in Love with English Reading?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Mei-Ju; Hsu, Yung-Hung; Chen, Ching-Chi

    2015-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate the effects of Aesthetics English comic books on EFL junior high school students' vocabulary acquisition, reading comprehension, and English learning motivation. The participants in this study were 28 eighth graders from one class in a public junior high school in Pingtung in Taiwan. After ten weeks…

  17. Effects of Music on Physical Activity Rates of Junior High School Physical Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Lindsey; Barney, David C.; Prusak, Keven A.; Pennington, Todd

    2016-01-01

    Music is an everyday occurrence in a person's life. Music is heard in the workplace, in homes, and in the mall. Music can also be heard as a person exercises. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music on junior high students (n = 305) step counts and time in activity in junior high school physical education classes.…

  18. Traditional versus internet bullying in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gofin, Rosa; Avitzour, Malka

    2012-11-01

    To examine the prevalence of traditional and Internet bullying and the personal, family, and school environment characteristics of perpetrators and victims. Students (12-14 years old) in 35 junior high schools were randomly selected from the Jerusalem Hebrew (secular and religious) and Arab educational system (n = 2,610). Students answered an anonymous questionnaire, addressing personal, family, and school characteristics. Traditional bullying and Internet bullying for perpetrators and victims were categorized as either occurring at least sometimes during the school year or not occurring. Twenty-eight percent and 8.9 % of students were perpetrators of traditional and Internet bullying, respectively. The respective proportions of victims were 44.9 and 14.4 %. Traditional bullies presented higher Odds Ratios (ORs) for boys, for students with poor social skills (those who had difficulty in making friends, were influenced by peers in their behavior, or were bored), and for those who had poor communication with their parents. Boys and girls were equally likely to be Internet bullies and to use the Internet for communication and making friends. The OR for Internet bullying victims to be Internet bullying perpetrators was 3.70 (95 % confidence interval 2.47-5.55). Victims of traditional bullying felt helpless, and victims of traditional and Internet bullying find school to be a frightening place. There was a higher OR of Internet victimization with reports of loneliness. Traditional bully perpetrators present distinctive characteristics, while Internet perpetrators do not. Victims of traditional and Internet bullying feel fear in school. Tailored interventions are needed to address both types of bullying.

  19. An Analysis of Background Factors of School Non-Attendance in Junior High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    神田,信彦; 大木, 桃代

    2001-01-01

    This study explored the background effect of school non-attendance in junior high school students. Two hundred ninety-eight junior high school students completed a questionaire. It was consist of perceived control scale for children and items about their feelings for parents, classmates, teachers, classes, and so on. The results were as follows:(1)Desire for school non-attendance was controlled with High perceived control, perceived affective support from families and friends, and a feeling o...

  20. A cross-cultural study of stress responses and social support between Chinese and Japanese junior high school students.

    OpenAIRE

    鉄, 拳

    2013-01-01

    This comparative research’s objective is to demonstrate the relation between stress responses and social support in Japanese and Chinese junior high school students. The subjects were 602 Japanese students and 611 Chinese students. As a result, by comparison of the stress reaction, Japan was intentionally high and it was shown by comparison of social support that Chinese one is intentionally high. Lower than the score became a junior high school students of Japanese junior high school student...

  1. A Further Look at Manifest Anxiety of Urban Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Benjamin F.

    1970-01-01

    Junior high school students, particularly Negroes, experience an excessive amount of inner conflict because they are lacking in social skills and confidence. These feelings of insecurity stem mainly from an awareness of social ostracism. (CK)

  2. Vocabulary Learning Under New Curriculum ---Grade Nine student in a Junior high school%Vocabulary Learning Under New Curriculum ---Grade Nine student in a Junior high school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨灿

    2011-01-01

    1. Introduction This thesis focuses on the real situation of vocabulary learning in a junior high school, located in countryside. First, this thesis will review some research conclusions on vocabulary learning. Then the author tries to explore the real situation of vocabulary learning in the high school, by analyzing the data collected from the questionnaire done by Grade Nine students.

  3. Epidemiological Survey on Periodontal Disease in Junior High School Students in Niigata Prefecture Using the CPITN

    OpenAIRE

    原沢, 正昭; 矢野, 正敏; 小林, 清吾; 平川, 敬; 安藤, 雄一; 堀井, 欣一; 岸, 洋志; 高塚, 真理子; 原, 耕二; Harasawa, Masaaki; Yano, Masatoshi; Kobayashi, Seigo; Hirakawa, Takashi; Ando, Yuichi; Horii, Kin-ichi

    1992-01-01

    A survey on the prevalence of periodontal disease was carried out on 360 8th grade students in three Junior High Schools in Niigata Prefecture, Shiozawa Junior High, Yahiko Junio High and Kurokawa Junior High. According to the partial recording of the CPITN, 6 index teeth (16, 11, ,26, 36, 31and 46 defined by FDI terminology) were examined at the time of the annual school-based dental examination. The results of this study showed that the percentages of the subjects having no sign of periodon...

  4. On Strategies of Improving Junior High School Students' Oral English Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗茜

    2015-01-01

    With the increasingly frequent international exchanges,English,as an international language,has been attached greater importance.The oral English ability of junior high school students plays an indispensable role in their everyday study and social interaction,and it is the present junior school study that can lay a solid foundation for their future study and life. Therefore,to comprehensively improve their oral English ability is in urgent need and of paramount significance.This paper focuses on analyzing the external and internal factors influencing the cultivation of junior high school students' oral English ability,and put forwards the corresponding cultivating strategies of the oral English ability of junior high school students.

  5. Queries, Influencers and Vocational Interests of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woal, S. Theodore

    1974-01-01

    The study, based on questionnaire results from 207 ninth grade students, investigates: student familiarity with occupations; influencers of their tentative occupational choices; post high school plans; and student queries and concerns pertinent to preparation for entry into a job. (MW)

  6. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-01-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas…

  7. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-01-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas…

  8. A Program to Enhance Self-Concept of Junior High Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, James H.

    This research analyzes the results of a program to enhance the self concepts of junior high students. Subjects were 80 students identified as having low self concepts. They participated in an eight-week program to develop skills in personal and social awareness. Pretest posttest scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory indicated that…

  9. The Effect of Task-Based Language Teaching on Motivation and Grammatical Achievement of EFL Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    NamazianDost, Islam; Bohloulzadeh, Ghassem; Pazhakh, Abdolreza

    2017-01-01

    This research sought to investigate the effect of the effect of task-based language teaching on motivation and grammatical achievement of EFL junior high school students of Ahvaz. To fulfill the objectives of the study a Homogeneity test (Oxford Quick Placement Test) was administered among 100 students at the junior high school and finally 80…

  10. The use of CORE model by metacognitive skill approach in developing characters junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Dahlia; Yaniawati, Poppy; Kusumah, Yaya Sukjaya

    2017-08-01

    This study aims to analyze the character of students who obtain CORE learning model using metacognitive approach. The method in this study is qualitative research and quantitative research design (Mixed Method Design) with concurrent embedded strategy. The research was conducted on two groups: an experimental group and the control group. An experimental group consists of students who had CORE model learning using metacognitive approach while the control group consists of students taught by conventional learning. The study was conducted the object this research is the seventh grader students in one the public junior high schools in Bandung. Based on this research, it is known that the characters of the students in the CORE model learning through metacognitive approach is: honest, hard work, curious, conscientious, creative and communicative. Overall it can be concluded that CORE model learning is good for developing characters of a junior high school student.

  11. Relationship among Family Support, Love Attitude, and Well-Being of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ho-tang; Chou, Mei-ju; Chen, Wei-hung; Tu, Chin-Tang

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the correlation between family support, love attitude, and well-being of junior high school students. After analyzing related literature, it is found that demographic variables like gender, grade, family structure, socioeconomic position have difference in perception of well-being. In addition, family support and love…

  12. A Study on Students' Affective Factors in Junior High School English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Biyi; Zhou, Yaping

    2012-01-01

    Affect is considered as aspects of emotion, feeling, mood or attitude which condition behaviors in second language acquisition. Positive affect is good for studying while negative affect will inevitably hinder learners' learning process. As we know, students in junior high school are special groups as they are experiencing great changes both in…

  13. "How Long Was Your Poem?" Social Comparison among Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tholander, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The present article focuses on in situ social comparison among junior high school students. Rather than studying social comparison as an individual phenomenon in experimental situations, which has been common in previous research, the study analyzes social comparison as a real-life social practice. The results show that the practice of social…

  14. Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids: Prevalence, Knowledge, and Attitudes in Junior and Senior High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luetkemeier, Maurie J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Reports a survey of junior and senior high school students that investigated the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use and examined gender, sports participation, and illicit drug use. Results indicated the prevalence of steroid use was 3.3%. Steroid use was greater for males, users of other drugs, and strength trainers. (SM)

  15. Improving the Effectiveness of Organic Chemistry Experiments through Multimedia Teaching Materials for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Shi-Jer; Lin, Hui-Chen; Shih, Ru-Chu; Tseng, Kuo-Hung

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study aimed to explore the effects of three different forms of the multimedia teaching materials on the achievements and attitudes of junior high school students in a chemistry laboratory context. The three forms of the multimedia teaching materials, static pictures, video, and animation, were employed to teach chemistry…

  16. Refining the Charles F. Kettering Profile for a Junior High School Student Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    This study investigated the factor structure of the Charles F. Kettering Scale, a measure of climate used frequently for program and curriculum revision. A total of 228 students from a junior high school campus of a large school district in the Southwestern United States completed the General Climate Factors section of the Kettering scale. Primary…

  17. The Construction of an Online Competitive Game-Based Learning System for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yuh-Ming; Kuo, Sheng-Huang; Lou, Shi-Jer; Shih, Ru-Chu

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study aimed to construct an online competitive game-based learning system by using freeware for junior high school students and to assess its effectiveness. From the learning standpoints, game mechanisms including learning points, competition mechanism, training room mechanism, questioning & answering mechanism, tips, and…

  18. Curriculum for Junior High School Students: Dairy Food Consumption Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobocik, Rebecca S.; Haar, Christine M.; Dawson, Erin E.; Coleman, Priscilla; Bakies, Karen

    2009-01-01

    A nutrition education module for a family and consumer sciences curriculum was developed and evaluated with junior high school students (n = 63) using a quasi-experimental design. The multivariate interaction between time of measurement and intervention was significant, F (2, 50) = 8.68, p = 0.001.The univariate interaction between pre and post…

  19. Curriculum for Junior High School Students: Dairy Food Consumption Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobocik, Rebecca S.; Haar, Christine M.; Dawson, Erin E.; Coleman, Priscilla; Bakies, Karen

    2009-01-01

    A nutrition education module for a family and consumer sciences curriculum was developed and evaluated with junior high school students (n = 63) using a quasi-experimental design. The multivariate interaction between time of measurement and intervention was significant, F (2, 50) = 8.68, p = 0.001.The univariate interaction between pre and post…

  20. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume 2, Student's Text, Part I. Unit 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This fifth unit in the SMSG junior high mathematics series is a student text covering the following topics: rational numbers and coordinates; equations; scientific notation, decimals, and the metric system; constructions, congruent triangles, and the Pythagorean property; relative error; and real numbers. (DT)

  1. Teacher Overinvolvement and Student Depression among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fen Fen Huang

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines depression in students at public high schools in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to examine which student-level and teacher-level variables affect student depression due to teacher emotional overinvolvement and other factors. A survey instrument adapted and translated from existing surveys was distributed to 1,479 Taiwanese adolescents aged 13—15 years and 172 teachers from 10 public junior high schools in the city of Taipei. The hierarchical linear model (HLM was used for a cross-level analysis of the data. The HLM shows that student-level measures account for most of the variance. Teacher emotional overinvolvement and core self-evaluations are the preponderant influences on student ratings. In terms of teacher-level variables, the effects of teacher involvement, teacher depression, and teacher educational background on student-level variables are strong and significant. The findings of this study recommend the development of a comprehensive counseling system for teachers and students.

  2. Probing when Japanese junior high school students begin to feel difficulty in learning mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishikawa, Tomoko; Izuta, Giido

    2017-05-01

    It is thought that the increasing number of Japanese students avoiding mathematics has become a serious problem in the last decades. Japanese junior high school students are learning the basic understanding and skills of mathematics during the years of mandatory education. To our knowledge, there are few reports about the time when Japanese junior high school students begin to feel difficulty in mathematics learning. The aim of this work is to examine this case. To accomplish this purpose, a typical public junior high school in a country city with 616 students (182 first-year, 212 second-year, 222 third-year) in all was chosen to be the field of investigation. Likert scale type questionnaires to assess their feelings were conducted, and the respondents who answered `difficulty' and `a little difficulty' were extracted. The number of respondents were 89 first-year (26 males, 63 females), 76 second-year (27 males, 49 females), and 112 third-year (45 males, 67 females) students. The beginning time was divided into school years when it was in elementary school, and semesters when it was in junior high school. Ordinary statistical processings for each grade and gender were performed to analyze them. It was found that the time when they began to have difficulty learning mathematics was different in gender. Male students tended to start from higher-grade of elementary school whereas female students from middle-grade of elementary school. In other words, these results showed differences in gender and time. Finally, these examinations suggest that teachers need to provide appropriate support for students at a suitable time in the elementary school. Also these results are useful in mathematics education of elementary school.

  3. Non-exposure parenting increases risk of bullying behavior in junior high school students

    OpenAIRE

    Surilena Hasan; Jessica Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Background Bullying behavior is one of many behavioral and disciplinary problems among school students, which has a wide impact on youth, families, schools, and communities. Parenting and the role of parents as good educators (exposure) can prevent mental, emotional and behavioral disorders caused by bullying. The aim of this study was to determine the role of self-esteem and family factors on bullying behavior in junior high schools students. Methods A cross-sectional study was ...

  4. Analysis of Energy Literacy and Misconceptions of Junior High Students in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Shin-Cheng Yeh; Jing-Yuan Huang; Hui-Ching Yu

    2017-01-01

    Decision-making regarding energy determines carbon emissions and the severity of climate change. Energy literacy plays a crucial role because well-informed citizens can support the design and implementation of smart and forward-looking policies. Research has shown that people hold misconceptions about energy, and for young students these may persist into adulthood. Thus, this study is to understand the energy literacy of junior high school students in Taiwan and what their misconceptions are ...

  5. Students' Critical Mathematical Thinking Skills and Character: Experiments for Junior High School Students through Realistic Mathematics Education Culture-Based

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palinussa, Anderson L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a quasi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design and control group that aims to assess students' critical mathematical thinking skills and character through realistic mathematics education (RME) culture-based. Subjects of this study were 106 junior high school students from two low and medium schools level in…

  6. [Sexual behavior and associated factors among Korean junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gyuyoung; Song, Seunghun

    2015-01-01

    The study purpose was to identify the sexual behavior and associated factors of Korean junior high school students. Raw data from the 2013 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey were used. Among the data from 72,435 students, 36,530 junior high school students were analyzed. Complex sample frequency analysis and complex sample chi-square were used to identify the condition of sexual behavior, and complex sample logistic regression was used to examine the factors related to sexual behavior. Among the students, 3.8% responded that they had experienced sexual intercourse, and the prevalence of sexual intercourse was higher among male students (5.0%) compared to female students (2.5%). Among male students, those who had the following were more likely to have had sexual intercourse: perceived high economic status, living with a relative, experience with a partti-me job, a foreign father, experience with smoking and drinking during the past month, experience with drug use, and depression during the past 12 months. Among the female students who were more likely to have had sexual intercourse, the following were ascertained: higher grades, perceived high economic status, living with a relative or in childcare facilities, experience with a part-time job, a foreign father or mother, experience with smoking and drinking during the past month, and experience with drug use. The results suggest that it is important to develop a comprehensive approach program not only focused on sexual behavior but also including mental health or other health behaviors to effectively reduce the likelihood of sexual intercourse among Korean junior high school students.

  7. Factors Affecting Junior High School Students' Interest in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumper, Ricardo

    2006-01-01

    We report the results of a study on students' interest in physics at the end of their compulsory schooling in Israel carried out in the framework of the ROSE Project. Factors studied were their opinions about science classes, their out-of-school experiences in physics, and their attitudes toward science and technology. Students' overall interest…

  8. [Reading ability of junior high school students in relation to self-evaluation and depression].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Toshiya; Hayashi, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    Guidelines for the diagnosis of reading disorders in elementary school students were published recently in Japan. On the basis of these guidelines, we administrated reading test batteries to 43 Japanese junior high-school students from grade two. The reading test consisted of single sounds, single words, and single sentences. We evaluated the reading speed and the number of reading errors made by the test takers; their performance was compared with the normal value for elementary school students in grade six, as stated in the guidelines. The reading ability of the junior high-school students was not higher than that of the elementary school students. Seven students (16.3%) were found to have reading difficulties (RD group) and they met the criterion for diagnosis of reading disorder as per the guidelines. Three students had difficulties in reading single sounds and single words, but they faced no problems when reading single sentences. It was supposed that the strategies used by the students for reading sentences may have differed from those used for reading single sounds or single words. No significant differences were found between the RD and non-RD group students on scores of scholastic self-evaluation, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms. Therefore, reading difficulty did not directly influence the level of self-evaluation or depression.

  9. Writing Workbook as Scaffolding Aid for Junior High School Students

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    Ima Melati Dewi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to develop a writing workbook as a supplementary material for the eighth graders of SMPN 3 Jember. The result of the preliminary study showed that there was only small portion of writing activities in the existing textbook. As a result, students got many difficulties in writing skills. The research and development (R&D procedure was employed in this study. The design used in developing the workbook was the adaptation model of development by Borg and Gall (1983. The procedures employed in this study were needs analysis, instructional goal, material de-velopment, expert validation, try-out, and final product. The information from teachers and students in needs analysis served as a basis for developing the materials. To evaluate the developed materials, expert validation by a material development expert and a subject matter expert was carried out. The information from the experts was used to improve the quality of the materials. After trying out the ma-terials, the teacher was given observation form and the students were given checklists to examine the acceptability and the utility of the product in the field. Based on the result of the data analysis, it can be concluded that the developed materials were categorized good and can be used as supplemen-tary writing materials for the eighth graders of SMPN 3 Jember. Key Words: developing, writing workbook, supplementary material, SMPN 3 Jember

  10. Homework Hotline Questionnaires: For Parents (Elementary Schools); for Junior High School Students; for High School Students; Homework Hotline Questionnaire for Educators.

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    Singh, Balwant

    Four questionnaires, designed to measure attitudes toward a proposed homework hotline, are included in this document. There are versions for parents of students in grades 4 to 6, for junior high school students, for high school students, and for educators. The items concern student characteristics, desirable parental role in helping with homework,…

  11. Creativity Education Model through Dance Creation for Students of Junior High School

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    Malarsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to realize dance as a real product of a dance education process. The product is packaged in a form of audio-visual as well as a scientific publication. As the benefit from this study, the product can be used by school and specifically by dance teacher as a guidance in conducting dance lesson at school. The study on the model of creativity education through the creation is being understood as a form of developmental research. As a developmental research, the research plan is initiated by analyzing the teaching material related to dance lesson, and relate it to the creativity education which has to be accomplished through dance lesson, specifically for Junior High School students. The study will be continued with theoretical/ conceptual analysis and observation which is related to creativity education through the dance creation. In the end of this study, model of creativity education through dance creation is produced, particularly for students of Junior High School level. Results of the study show that, in doing creativity activity through dance creation, the value of the dance as an art is not become the primary aim. Moreover, the main aim of this process is towards the creativity process itself. While producing and creating the dance, two major educational points are derived, which are: the creativity and product value in a form of dance. Based on background of the idea, through this pilot project, the creativity of creating dance for public schools students, especially Junior High School, is possible to be done and used as a dance creativity learning model in Junior High School. Two suggestions are formulated in this study: (1 it is suggested for dance teachers in public schools, in this context is Junior High School teachers, to set their teaching and learning process into the creativity education as it is implied in curriculum. (2 In order to achieve the creativity education itself, the dance creation as one of art subject

  12. Logical Reasoning Abilities of Junior High School Students in the Province of Cotabato, Philippines

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    Paul John B. Ongcoy

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Reasoning abilities of the learners and its development was well-discussed in the world of education. The higher the ability of the person to reason abstractly, the higher the probability that a person will effectively function in the society. Thus, it is the main goal of the K-12 Curriculum of the Department of Education to improve the reasoning abilities and formal reasoning among students in the country. The higher the reasoning ability of a person, the more productive he is. The ability of logical reasoning has an essential function in the academic performance of students and their construction of the concepts. This study aimed to determine the logical reasoning abilities of 150 randomly selected junior high school students. Specifically, this study aimed to determine the logical reasoning abilities namely combinatorial reasoning, controlling variables, correlation reasoning, probabilistic reasoning and proportional reasoning among the grade 10 junior high school students and determine whether there is a significant difference in students’ logical reasoning abilities according to their gender. The respondents answered the Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT. Thirty respondents were interviewed to verify their answers. The findings of the study led to the following conclusions: most students correctly answered problems in probabilistic reasoning and least number of students correctly answered problems in proportional reasoning and combinatorial reasoning and, male and female respondents have equal performances in problems pertaining to combinatorial reasoning, controlling variables, correlational reasoning and probabilistic reasoning but female respondents are better in proportional reasoning than the male respondents.

  13. ANALYSIS OF BARRIERS IN LISTENING COMPREHENSION AMONG JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

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    Setia Muljanto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper identifies barriers and difficulties in listening comprehension faced by junior high school students. The research questions were what barriers did students encounter and how did they used strategies to overcome those barriers. This study used a qualitative method and was a case study involving 40 students and one English teacher. The data were obtained by ways of conducting a test of listening taken from TOEIC test. The tests indicated that the results scores were not quite satisfactory. This is primarily caused by speech delivery of the native speaker which was too fast. This means that students faced listening barriers especially in processing information. The data also indicated that students were also nervous when doing the test as habitual barrier. Strategies used to overcome these barriers are by making students get used to listen and use English and making them familiar with certain contexts in real life.

  14. Analysis of junior high school students' difficulty in resolving rectangular conceptual problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utami, Aliksia Kristiana Dwi; Mardiyana, Pramudya, Ikrar

    2017-08-01

    Geometry is one part of the mathematics that must be learned in school and it has important effects on the development of creative thinking skills of learners, but in fact, there are some difficulties experienced by the students. This research focuses on analysis difficulty in resolving rectangular conceptual problems among junior high school students in every creative thinking skills level. This research used a descriptive method aimed to identify the difficulties and cause of the difficulties experienced by five students. The difficulties are associated with rectangular shapes and related problems. Data collection was done based on students' work through test, interview, and observations. The result revealed that student' difficulties in understanding the rectangular concept can be found at every creative thinking skills level. The difficulties are identifying the objects rectangular in the daily life except for a rectangle and square, analyzing the properties of rectangular shapes, and seeing the interrelationships between figures.

  15. Stroke education using an animated cartoon and a manga for junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigehatake, Yuya; Yokota, Chiaki; Amano, Tatsuo; Tomii, Yasuhiro; Inoue, Yasuteru; Hagihara, Takaaki; Toyoda, Kazunori; Minematsu, Kazuo

    2014-07-01

    We investigated whether junior high school students could be educated regarding stroke with an animated cartoon and a Manga that we produced for the purpose of dissemination of this knowledge. We produced a 10-minute animated cartoon and a Manga that provided information regarding stroke risk factors, stroke signs and symptoms, and awareness to immediately contact emergent medical service (EMS) on identification of stroke signs and symptoms. From December 2011 to March 2012, 493 students in 15 classes of the first grade (age 12-13 years) of 3 junior high schools were enrolled in the study. Each subject watched the animated cartoon and read the Manga; this was referred to as "training." Lessons about stroke were not given. Questionnaires on stroke knowledge were evaluated at baseline, immediately after the training, and 3 months after the training. The proportion of correct answers given immediately after the training was higher for all questions, except those related to arrhythmia, compared with baseline. Percentage of correct answers given at 3 months was higher than that at baseline in questions related to facial palsy (75% versus 33%), speech disturbance (91% versus 60%), hemiplegia (79% versus 52%), numbness of 1 side (58% versus 51%), calling for EMS (90% versus 85%), alcohol intake (96% versus 72%), and smoking (69% versus 54%). At 3 months after the training, 56% of students answered the FAST (facial droop, arm weakness, speech disturbance, time to call for EMS) mnemonic correctly. Stroke education using these teaching aids of the animated cartoon and the Manga improved stroke knowledge in junior high school students. Copyright © 2014 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders among junior high school students who play wind instruments

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    Eriko Yasuda

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study investigated whether playing wind instruments has adverse effects on musculoskeletal functions among junior high school students who play in music clubs. Material and Methods: The study included 210 junior high school students (35 boys, 175 girls belonging to 1 of 4 different school clubs that practiced playing wind instruments more than 6 days/week. The mean age of the participants was 14 years. The study was performed using a questionnaire survey and an electromyographic examination of jaw and cervical muscle activities during playing wind instruments. Results: The prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD among the children playing woodwind (WW or brass wind (BW instruments was higher than in those playing non-wind (NW instruments. Long duration of playing WW with a reed mouthpiece or BW with a small mouthpiece was suggested to affect the incidence of TMD, which was more marked in girls than in boys, irrespective of height or weight. Muscle activity in the masseter muscle during playing an instrument was significantly higher in the BW with a small mouthpiece group than in the NW group (p < 0.05. In cervical muscles, muscle activity of both the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles was higher during playing BW than in the case of other instruments, and activity in the sternocleidomastoid muscle was significantly higher in the BW with a small mouthpiece group than in the case of other instrument groups (p < 0.05. Conclusions: Playing wind instruments may have adverse effects on musculoskeletal functions among junior high school students playing in music clubs as compared with playing NW instruments. The prevalence of TMD among the students playing wind instruments was higher than in those playing other instruments. Long duration of playing those instruments affects musculoskeletal function, and this effect is more marked in girls than in boys, irrespective of height or weight.

  17. The Development Of Career Competence Instrument Based On Computer Assisted Testing For Students Of Junior High Schools In Jakarta, Indonesia

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    Dr. Gantina Komalasari, M.Psi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by results of theoretical studies and empirical facts about the importance of student’s career competence achievement, as well as the study of government policies on the mandate for the assessment in the specialization program/career counseling of Junior High School students. The research was aimed at developing student’s career competence standardized instrument based on Computer Assisted Testing (CAT which is effective as a support system of specialization program/career counseling in junior high schools. The study employed the standardized instrument development procedure (Anwar, 2010. The study population was all Grade IX students of Junior High School of Jakarta in the academic year of 2015/2016. The research sample was gained by using multistage cluster random sampling technique. Members of the research sample were 466 junior high school students representing the five regions of Jakarta. The data collection was performed by using Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale. The data were then analyzed by using validity and reliability tests. Operational data analysis was performed by using IBM SPSS version 20.0 for Windows. The results show that: first, all statements of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale are valid because the Sig. (2-tailed < α (0.05; second, the reliability of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale is in the high category because the reliability index reached r = 0.880. The final version of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale consists of 43 items.

  18. Holography in the Junior High.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszkiewicz, Frank

    1988-01-01

    Examines the use of holography in the art technology program of a junior high school. Characterizing holography as a valuable artistic experience and discovery experience and stressing the importance of student interest and involvement, the author discusses the necessary equipment for the project and includes two diagrams of a holographic setup.…

  19. [Development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizu, Kenichiro; Shimoda, Yoshiyuki

    2013-08-01

    This study reports about the development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students. Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008) for children and adolescents aims not only to monitor and differentiate emotions but also to measure attitudes about emotions. It consists of six factors: differentiating emotions, verbal sharing of emotions, not hiding emotion, bodily awareness, attending to others' emotion, analyses of emotions. To examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the EAQ, junior high school students (7th to 9th grades) were requested to complete the questionnaires (n = 535 in time 1, n = 537 in time 2, n = 330 in time 3). The results showed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had almost the same six-factor structure as the original one. It also had moderate internal consistency and test-retest reliability (three weeks). The validity of the scale was examined in relation to emotional intelligence, social anxiety, depression, psychological stress responses, evaluation of emotions, self esteem and sense of authenticity. The results confirmed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had good validity.

  20. Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan

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    Yoshii Hatsumi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stigma toward schizophrenia is a substantial barrier to accessing care and adhering to treatment. Provisions to combat stigma are important, but in Japan and other developed countries there are few such provisions in place that target parents of adolescents. The attitudes of parents are important to address as first schizophrenic episodes typically occur in adolescence. In overall efforts to develop an education program and provisions against stigma, here we examined the relationship between stigma toward schizophrenia and demographic characteristics of parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan. The specific hypothesis tested was that contact and communication with a person with schizophrenia would be important to reducing stigma. A questionnaire inquiring about respondent characteristics and which included a survey on stigma toward schizophrenia was completed by 2690 parents. Results The demographic characteristics significantly associated with the Devaluation- Discrimination Measure were family income, occupation, presence of a neighbor with schizophrenia, and participation in welfare activities for people with mental illness (p Conclusions Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students was in fact significantly stronger among members of the general public who had had contact with individuals with schizophrenia. In addition, stigma was associated with family income.

  1. A Comparative Study of Effect of New and Old Science Curriculum on Chinese Junior High School Students' Abstract Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Weiping; Chen, Ming

    2008-01-01

    "Teenagers' abstract thinking ability test" was designed in accordance with the structure and performance of teenagers' ability to think abstractly. 138 Chinese junior high school students who learned New curriculum and old curriculum separately were measured. A comparison between the two kinds of students shows that abstract thinking…

  2. Employing Microsoft Live@edu Cloud Platform to Assist in Teaching Chinese Reading for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Ru-Chu; Cho, Chia-Liang; Tsai, Chih-Cheng; Lou, Shi-Jer

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate junior high school students' learning attitudes and learning effectiveness through administering Microsoft Live@edu to assist in teaching Chinese reading. Quasi-experimental approach was used and a total of 63 eighth grade students were divided into the experimental group (N = 32) and control group (N = 31).…

  3. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-08-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas about the shape and size of the atom and the evolution of these ideas over 2 years. The study's sample size was 126 students, including 76 sixth-grade and 50 seventh-grade students. The educational curriculum and relevant literature guided the development of a questionnaire that consisted of three open-ended questions intended to determine students' knowledge of the structure and physical properties of the atom. After administering the questionnaire, collected data were analysed qualitatively. The study shows that students had difficulty developing a mental image of the atom, and contrary to the conclusions of other studies, students demonstrated a preference for working with complex and abstract models.

  4. An outbreak of food-borne gastroenteritis due to sapovirus among junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usuku, Shuzo; Kumazaki, Makoto; Kitamura, Katsuhiko; Tochikubo, Osamu; Noguchi, Yuzo

    2008-11-01

    The human sapovirus (SaV) causes acute gastroenteritis mainly in infants and young children. A food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with SaV occurred among junior high school students in Yokohama, Japan, during and after a study trip. The nucleotide sequences of the partial capsid gene derived from the students exhibited 98% homology to a SaV genogroup IV strain, Hu/Angelholm/SW278/2004/SE, which was isolated from an adult with gastroenteritis in Solna, Sweden. An identical nucleotide sequence was detected from a food handler at the hotel restaurant, suggesting that the causative agent of the outbreak was transmitted from the food handler. This is the first description of a food-borne outbreak associated with the SaV genogroup IV strain in Japan.

  5. Sleep patterns and impulse control among Japanese junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Takeru; Hagihara, Akihito; Nobutomo, Koichi

    2010-10-01

    Adolescents with decreased impulse control exhibit behavioral problems. Lifestyles are related to impulse control. However, the relations of sleep patterns and impulse control among adolescents are unknown. Thus we examined how sleep patterns were associated with impulse control among Japanese junior high school students. Surveys were completed by a nationwide sample of 1934 students. A significant association between decreased impulse control and bedtimes after midnight was revealed. Specific lifestyle factors related to bedtimes after midnight were older age, greater numbers of hours spent watching television, lack of participation in an extracurricular activity, greater use of convenience stores, and increased attendance at cram schools. This study revealed that going to sleep after midnight was significantly related to decreased impulse control among adolescents. Data about specific lifestyle factors related to going to sleep after midnight should be useful in preventing those behaviors demonstrated by school children that derive from decreased impulse control.

  6. Environmental tobacco exposure is associated with vaccine modified measles in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Shuichi; Sato, Kazuki; Watanabe, Hiroko; Nezu, Yoko; Nishimuta, Toshiyuki

    2015-11-01

    Vaccine modified measles (VMM) affects individuals with attenuated vaccine induced immunity. An outbreak of measles occurred in a junior high school, starting from an unvaccinated eighth-grade student who developed natural measles and affected a majority of students who were immunized with a low potent strain of measles vaccine (TD97). To determine whether environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure was associated with the development of VMM in this population, a questionnaire was used asking whether students had VMM symptoms during the outbreak and the smoking status of family members. VMM was defined in the study population as occurrence of fever and/or erythema, along with documented history of measles vaccination. A total of 513 students (85.9%) responded. Overall, the presence of in-house smokers did not differ between VMM students (49.3%) and non-VMM students (50.2%). However, in the ninth grade, presence of an in-house smoker was significantly higher in the family of VMM students (54.0%) than in non-VMM students (36.6%) (P = 0.044). Urinary cotinine levels were also measured in selected students (n = 37). Among families with at least one smoker, urinary cotinine levels were significantly higher in VMM students than in non-VMM students (P = 0.032). Furthermore, a multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that a high urinary cotinine level (>10 ng/mg creatinine; 13.5 percentile) was associated with the development of VMM. Our findings suggest that a high level of ETS exposure may be associated with an increased risk of VMM in a population with attenuated vaccine induced immunity against measles.

  7. Junior High Norms for the Bender Gestalt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grow, Richard T.

    1980-01-01

    Junior high students were tested to supply normative data supporting the Bender Gestalt. Subject's performance was not significantly related to sex or occupation of the family bread winner. These variables do not have to be controlled for in norming visual motor tests at the junior high level. (Author)

  8. The Status of Preventive Behaviors in Traffic Accidents in Junior High School Students in Isfahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, Leila; Tavazohi, Hossein; Shirdavani, Soheila; Heidari, Kamal; Nobari, Reza Fadaei; Kelishadi, Roya; Yalverdi, Narges

    2014-01-01

    Background: Population growth and use of the car in daily life entails new incidents and accidents everyday. Adolescents’ entering the new world of adults, their insufficient knowledge of rules, and high-risk behaviors expose them to more risks. Accordingly, a study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the status of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents in boy and girl junior high school students in Isfahan regarding vehicle use. Methods: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 7000 junior high school boy and girl students from 20 towns in Isfahan Province using multi-stage cluster sampling method in 2009–2010. A researcher-made questionnaire was used as data collection tool, which evaluated students’ practice and preventive behaviors with 21 questions, each examining students’ practice in accidents and incidents that may occur in school and on the way to school. Data were analyzed with Epi 6 and SPSS software using t-test and Chi-square test. Results: Girls comprised 49.9% of students and 50.1% were boys, 84% lived in urban areas and 15.5% in rural areas. The frequency of an accident location was school in 53.9% with 3739 cases and on the way to school in 10.6% with 732 cases. Mean practice score of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents involving cars, taxi, and school bus (72.6 ± 17.52 girls, 72.7 ± 18.31 boys, P = 0.88), motorbike (79.1 ± 14.048 girls, 74.1 ± 19.73 boys, P traffic rules training, particularly how to cross the street. PMID:26157568

  9. Helicobacter pylori infection and its related factors in junior high school students in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Yoshiko; Lin, Yingsong; Hongo, Minoru; Hidaka, Hiroya; Kikuchi, Shogo

    2017-04-01

    There have been few reports on Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in asymptomatic Japanese children and adolescents. We hypothesized that the prevalence of H. pylori infection is very low among Japanese children and that clinical variables such as serum pepsinogen and iron levels are associated with H. pylori infection. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a sample of 454 junior high school students aged 12-15 years in four areas in Nagano Prefecture. A commercial ELISA kit (E-plate Eiken H. pylori antibody) was used to measure IgG antibody against H. pylori. Serum pepsinogen and iron levels were also measured using standard methods. A urea breath test was performed for seropositive students. The overall prevalence of H. pylori was 3.1% (14/454). There were no significant differences in H. pylori prevalence among mountain, rural, and urban areas. The mean level of both serum pepsinogen (PG I) and PG II was significantly increased in the seropositive subjects compared with the seronegative subjects. When the cutoff values for adults (PG I: 70 ng/mL and PG I/II ratio: 3) were used, 4 of 14 subjects had PG I ≤70 ng/mL and PG I/II ratio ≤3. The results of a logistic regression analysis showed that low serum iron levels were significantly associated with H. pylori infection (P=.02). The prevalence of H. pylori infection is as low as 3% among junior high school students aged 12-15 years in Japan. The disappearance of H. pylori is accelerating in Japanese children. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. The Role of Neuroticism and Perceived School-Related Stress in Somatic Symptoms among Students in Norwegian Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murberg, Terje A.; Bru, Edvin

    2007-01-01

    The present study investigated the role of neuroticism and perceived school-related stress in somatic symptoms among a sample of 327 (167 females and 160 males) students in two Norwegian junior high schools. The results suggest that the role of neuroticism on somatic symptoms may be overestimated, and that the role of stress may be underestimated…

  11. Study the Effectiveness of Technology-Enhanced Interactive Teaching Environment on Student Learning of Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai-Ti; Wang, Tzu-Hua; Chiu, Mei-Hung

    2015-01-01

    This research investigates the effectiveness of integrating Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) into the junior high school biology teaching. This research adopts a quasi-experimental design and divides the participating students into the conventional ICT-integrated learning environment and IWB-integrated learning environment. Before teaching, students…

  12. Correlates of Alcohol and Marijuana Use among Junior High School Students: Family, Peers, School Problems, and Psychosocial Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBroom, James R.

    1994-01-01

    Analyzes survey data from over 400 junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 to determine the relations among family drug use factors; peer drug use factors; school problems; psychosocial concerns; alcohol, marijuana, and other drug use; and abstinence. (SLD)

  13. The Effect of Focus Strategies on ADHD Students' English Vocabulary Learning in Junior High School

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    Masoud Khalili Sabet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. ADHD is also among the most prevalent chronic health conditions affecting school-aged children"(American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000. Too many young girls are not getting the help they need because of hidden symptoms and late diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of focus strategies on vocabulary learning of ADHD students at two junior high schools. To this end, eight female ADHD and eight normal students from two public schools were assigned to the both control group and the experimental one. The quantitative data was gathered from each student and was analyzed through 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA in a factorial arrangement with two repetitions. An orthogonal test was used to compare the strategies that were used in the control group (word list and the experimental group (key word method, concentration, making sentences and fold overs. The instrument of this study contained a questionnaire sent to the parents and English teachers, an interview with a psychologist, a pre-test and a post-test. The results indicated that the four focus strategies in the experimental group increased the vocabulary learning in ADHD students for the short term retention and this increase was significant in the first focus strategy (key word method and mostly the last one (fold overs in the normal and ADHD students. The mean scores of control group were lower than the treatment group both in the normal and ADHD students. The results of delayed post-test revealed that although focus strategies improved the scores of the normal students compared to the ADHD students, this difference was not significant. Keywords: ADHD, focus strategies, Key word method, fold overs, attention, two-way ANOVA

  14. Impact of the mobile phone on junior high-school students' friendships in the Tokyo metropolitan area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamibeppu, Kiyoko; Sugiura, Hitomi

    2005-04-01

    The proportion of having keitai (Japanese mobile phone) has increased rapidly in young children. To research how junior high school students use their own keitai and to examine the impact of using it on their psychology, especially on their friendship, we recruited 651 students, grade 8, from five public junior high schools in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Each student participant completed a questionnaire that we had created. The response rates were 88.8% (n = 578) for participants. The proportion of having their own keitai was 49.3% (n = 285) and that of not having it was 50.7% (n = 293). We found that they used it much more frequently for e-mail than as a phone. Most of them exchanged e-mails between schoolmates, and more than a half of them exchanged e-mails more than 10 times a day. Sociable students estimated that their own keitai was useful for their friendship. But they experienced some insecurity or started staying up late at night engaged in e-mail exchanges, and they thought that they could not live without their own keitai. Our findings suggest that keitai having an e-mail function play a big part in the junior high-school students' daily life, and its impact on students' friendships, psychology, or health should be discussed among students to prevent keitai addiction.

  15. Small Groups: Student Productive Interactions in Learning Cooperative (Case Study of Mathematics Learning at Junior High School in Pakis, Malang

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    Katarina Tri Utaminingtyas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the process of student interaction in solving problems through cooperative learning. The subject of this research are 7th grade students of a junior high school in Malang, Indonesia. Data were collected by recording directly when learning takes place especially when pairing or forming small groups. This interaction is built with heterogeneous student skills. The results showed that the interaction that occurs in students provides an understanding of the concept of opportunity. Consequently, the students solved the problem correctly. This interaction is known as productive interaction.

  16. Knowledge and practice of junior and senior high school students regarding violent behaviors in Isfahan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razieh Omidi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Considering the importance of anger, aggression, violence and other misbehaviours in schoolchildren education, the present study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge and practice of students in Isfahan province regarding violence, in order to figure out the required interventions for violence-reduction. Methods: In a survey during 2008-2009, 5500 junior and senior high school students of Isfahan province were assessed in a multistage sampling process to determine their level of knowledge about various types of violent behaviors, causes of violence, its consequences, and preventive behaviors. Validity and reliability of the data collection tool (questionnaire were assessed. Results: The study revealed that the mean scores of violent behaviors knowledge, knowledge of violent behavior outcomes, and knowledge of violence preventive behaviors, were 6.6 ± 2.1, 5.5 ± 1.9, and 4.7 ± 1.3, respectively. Sources of violent behaviors in 92% of urban students and 89% of rural students were personal reasons and family behaviors, and 85% of urban and 88% of rural students considered mass media and computer games blameworthy, and the differences were statistically significant in all cases (P < 0.0001. In terms of practice, overall, 69.7% of girls and 84.2% of boys had violent behaviors. Physical and verbal violence were 31.3% and 40.7%in girls, and 66% and 52.8% in boys, respectively (intersexes P values were P < 0.001 and P = 0.7 respectively, and intra-sex P value was P < 0.0001. Conclusions: Results showed that girls and city dwellers were more aware of recognizing violent behaviors, outcomes, and causes, compared with boys and villagers, and in terms of general practice, violence was observed among boys more than girls. Further complementary studies in this area seem required.

  17. Prevalence and Impact of Cyberbullying in a Sample of Indonesian Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaria, Triantoro

    2016-01-01

    In recent years cyberbullying has become widespread throughout junior high schools around the world, resulting in high numbers of adolescents affected by cybervictimization. Cybervictimization is associated with negative psychological health outcomes. The objective of the present study was to examine the impact and prevalence of cybervictimization…

  18. A Web-Based Peer-Assessment Approach to Improving Junior High School Students' Performance, Self-Efficacy and Motivation in Performing Arts Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsia, Lu-Ho; Huang, Iwen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a web-based peer-assessment approach is proposed for conducting performing arts activities. A peer-assessment system was implemented and applied to a junior high school performing arts course to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A total of 163 junior high students were assigned to an experimental group and a…

  19. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its correlating lifestyle factors in Japanese female junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazama, Mie; Maruyama, Keiko; Nakamura, Kazutoshi

    2015-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is a common menstrual disorder experienced by adolescents, and its major symptoms, including pain, adversely affect daily life and school performance. However, little epidemiologic evidence on dysmenorrhea in Japanese adolescents exists. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of and identify factors associated with dysmenorrhea in Japanese female junior high school students. Among 1,167 girls aged between 12 and 15 years, 1,018 participants completed a questionnaire that solicited information on age at menarche, menstruation, and lifestyle, as well as demographic characteristics. Dysmenorrhea was defined based on menstrual pain using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), with moderate or severe (moderate-severe) dysmenorrhea, which adversely affects daily life, defined as VAS ≥ 4, and severe dysmenorrhea defined as VAS ≥ 7. The prevalence of moderate-severe dysmenorrhea was 476/1,018 (46.8%), and that of severe dysmenorrhea was 180/1,018 (17.7%). Higher chronological and gynecological ages (years after menarche) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of dysmenorrhea regardless of severity (P for trend students. Health education teachers should be made aware of these facts, and appropriately care for those suffering from dysmenorrhea symptoms, absentees, and those experiencing difficulties in school life due to dysmenorrhea symptoms.

  20. Analysis of junior high school students' attempt to solve a linear inequality problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taqiyuddin, Muhammad; Sumiaty, Encum; Jupri, Al

    2017-08-01

    Linear inequality is one of fundamental subjects within junior high school mathematics curricula. Several studies have been conducted to asses students' perform on linear inequality. However, it can hardly be found that linear inequality problems are in the form of "ax + b interviews. The other sources of the data are from teachers' interview and mathematics books used by students. After that, the constant comparative method was used to analyse the data. The result shows that the majority approached the question by doing algebraic operations. Interestingly, most of them did it incorrectly. In contrast, algebraic operations were correctly used by some of them. Moreover, the others performed expected-numbers solution, rewriting the question, translating the inequality into words, and blank answer. Furthermore, we found that there is no one who was conscious of the existence of all-numbers solution. It was found that this condition is reasonably due to how little the learning components concern about why a procedure of solving a linear inequality works and possibilities of linear inequality solution.

  1. [Snacking behavior among elementary and junior high school students and its relationship to stress-coping].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimai, S; Kawabata, T; Nishioka, N; Haruki, T

    2000-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate current problems of snacking behavior and their relationship to stress coping among 1,486 fourth through ninth grade students from 10 elementary schools and six junior high schools. An anonymous self-completed questionnaire was utilized which included items about 1) selection of snack foods, which were classified into healthy, popular, complementary and western-style snacks, 2) problems of snacking behavior, which included external and emotional eating scores, and 3) stress coping scale. The stress coping scale contained two sub-scales; problem-focused and emotion-focused coping. The results were as follows: 1) Students who frequently went without breakfast did not select healthy foods, i.e., fruits and dairy products, but popular snacks, i.e., potato chips, pop corn and sweet beverage. 2) Both external and emotional eating scores increased by age in girls but was not apparent in boys. 3) Students who preferred either western-style or popular snacks showed higher score of external and emotional eating. 4) The score of problem-focused coping was positively correlated with preference for health snacks, but emotion-focused coping was positively correlated with external and emotional eating scores. The close relationship between snack food selection and problematic aspects of eating behavior suggests that modification of eating behavior is necessary to develop healthy snack habits in early adolescents. Also, it is interesting that snacking behavior is closely related to stress coping, which suggested the behavioral intervention for healthy eating habit should be included in development of stress-coping skills against various kinds of demands in life.

  2. The Effect of Thematic Classes on English Vocabulary Learning: A Study of Iranian Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Mahmoudi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to verify the effect of thematic classes on English vocabulary learning. Thematic class is an educational project, which recently started to be used in junior high schools in Iran. The ministry of Education in Iran has launched the project of thematic classes to improve learning in 2010 with the hope of copying with some of the educational problems so that students experience deeper learning.  For subjects of the study, 90 7th grade students of junior high school in Taybad, Khorasan e Razavi were selected. Three groups were used in this study: two experimental groups and one control group. Each group consisted of 30 female students, who settled randomly in the groups, respectively. Their range of age was between 13 and 14. A vocabulary-based test, which was designed by the researcher, was used as the main measurement tool in the study to evaluate the students' achievement in the course. The course lasted 10 weeks, two sessions per week. The results reflected the positive effect of thematic classes on vocabulary learning. Therefore, educational implication of thematic class for junior high school is suggestible. Keywords: Thematic Class, Cooperative Learning, Vocabulary, Visual Aids, Audio Visual Aids, Motivation

  3. The possibilities of musical activity in the formation of moral values ​​among the visually impaired junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktoriya Varaksina

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper reveals the possibility of music in the formation of moral values ​​among the visually impaired junior high school students through activation of emotional, cognitive and behavioral components.

  4. [Relationship between support reciprocity and stress responses among elementary, junior high, and senior high school students: moderating effects of underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Hirokazu; Tanaka, Koji

    2008-04-01

    This study examined moderating effects of underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientations on the relationship between support reciprocity in friendships and mood among elementary, junior high, and senior high school students. The participants were 262 first-year senior high school students, 223 second-year junior high school students, and 248 sixth-year elementary school students. The participants completed questionnaires regarding mutual support in friendships, stress responses, and two types of exchange orientations (underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientation). For senior high school students, an underbenefitting orientation had a moderating effect on the relationships between support reciprocity and depression. Among senior high school students low in underbenefitting orientation, individuals who felt slightly underbenefitted regarding support exchange in friendships reported the lowest degree of depression. In addition, individuals high in underbenefitting orientation tended to express a higher level of depression than those low in underbenefitting orientation when they felt slightly underbenefitted.

  5. An Approach to Energy Education for High School, Junior High School and Elementary School Students at Aichi Institute of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukita, Kazuto; Ichiyanagi, Katsuhiro; Mori, Tsuyoshi; Goto, Yasuyuki

    This paper discusses the methods of implementation and improvement adopted in the energy education program of “Marugoto Taiken World” (“Total Experience World”) at Aichi Institute of Technology. The program, which is aimed at high school, junior high school and elementary school students, has been carried on at Aichi Institute of Technology for a number of years now, and the authors have been involved in the energy education project for the past four years. During that time, the following four courses have been held : 1) Let's use wind power to generate electricity, 2) Let's use flowers to build a solar battery, 3) Let's use bottles to build a fuel cell battery, 4) Let's make all sorts of batteries.

  6. Low visual information-processing speed and attention are predictors of fatigue in elementary and junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamano Emi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fatigue is a common complaint among elementary and junior high school students, and is known to be associated with reduced academic performance. Recently, we demonstrated that fatigue was correlated with decreased cognitive function in these students. However, no studies have identified cognitive predictors of fatigue. Therefore, we attempted to determine independent cognitive predictors of fatigue in these students. Methods We performed a prospective cohort study. One hundred and forty-two elementary and junior high school students without fatigue participated. They completed a variety of paper-and-pencil tests, including list learning and list recall tests, kana pick-out test, semantic fluency test, figure copying test, digit span forward test, and symbol digit modalities test. The participants also completed computerized cognitive tests (tasks A to E on the modified advanced trail making test. These cognitive tests were used to evaluate motor- and information-processing speed, immediate and delayed memory function, auditory and visual attention, divided and switching attention, retrieval of learned material, and spatial construction. One year after the tests, a questionnaire about fatigue (Japanese version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale was administered to all the participants. Results After the follow-up period, we confirmed 40 cases of fatigue among 118 students. In multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for grades and gender, poorer performance on visual information-processing speed and attention tasks was associated with increased risk of fatigue. Conclusions Reduced visual information-processing speed and poor attention are independent predictors of fatigue in elementary and junior high school students.

  7. Sick Building Syndrome Among Junior High School Students in Japan in Relation to the Home and School Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaoka, Motoko; Suzuki, Kyoko; Norbäck, Dan

    2015-06-12

    There is an increasing concern about sick building syndrome (SBS), especially in Asia. The aim of this study is to investigate associations between SBS and the home, school environment and personal factors among Japanese junior high school students. We investigated students in four junior high schools in Hyogo in Kansai area, Japan. A questionnaire study was performed among students (n=1056), 12-15 years old. Temperature and relative air humidity was measured in the classrooms and dust was collected from the classroom floors and air and was analysed for cat and dog allergens. Associations were analysed by multi-level logistic regression. Mucosal symptoms (45.4%), general symptoms (38.9%) and skin symptoms (22.6%) were common. Totally 8.8% reported cat allergy, 6.1% dog allergy, 6.0% mold allergy and 25.7% pollen allergy. Atopy, window pane condensation, floor dampness and odor at home and high relative air humidity in the classrooms were associated with SBS. The prevalence of SBS symptoms was high and associated with both home and school environment. Window pane condensation and floor dampness at home can increase the risk for SBS symptoms in students. Moreover high relative air humidity at school may increase the risk for SBS.

  8. Mathematizing Process of Junior High School Students to Improve Mathematics Literacy Refers PISA on RCP Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardono; Mariani, S.; Hendikawati, P.; Ikayani

    2017-04-01

    Mathematizing process (MP) is the process of modeling a phenomenon mathematically or establish the concept of a phenomenon. There are two mathematizing that is Mathematizing Horizontal (MH) and Mathematizing Vertical (MV). MH as events changes contextual problems into mathematical problems, while MV is the process of formulation of the problem into a variety of settlement mathematics by using some appropriate rules. Mathematics Literacy (ML) is the ability to formulate, implement and interpret mathematics in various contexts, including the capacity to perform reasoning mathematically and using the concepts, procedures, and facts to describe, explain or predict phenomena incident. If junior high school students are conditioned continuously to conduct mathematizing activities on RCP (RME-Card Problem) learning, it will be able to improve ML that refers PISA. The purpose of this research is to know the capability of the MP grade VIII on ML content shape and space with the matter of the cube and beams with RCP learning better than the scientific learning, upgrade MP grade VIII in the issue of the cube and beams with RCP learning better than the scientific learning in terms of cognitive styles reflective and impulsive the MP grade VIII with the approach of the RCP learning in terms of cognitive styles reflective and impulsive This research is the mixed methods model concurrent embedded. The population in this study, i.e., class VIII SMPN 1 Batang with sample two class. Data were taken with the observation, interviews, and tests and analyzed with a different test average of one party the right qualitative and descriptive. The results of this study demonstrate the capability of the MP student with RCP learning better than the scientific learning, upgrade MP with RCP learning better compare with scientific learning in term cognitive style of reflective and impulsive. The subject of the reflective group top, middle, and bottom can meet all the process of MH indicators are

  9. Social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships in junior high school classrooms predicts bullying and victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Stasio, Maria Rosaria; Savage, Robert; Burgos, Giovani

    2016-12-01

    This cross-sectional research examines how social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships as classroom characteristics are associated with bullying and victimization among junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 in Canada. The study tests a conceptual model of youth outcomes that highlights the importance of modeling the effects of teaching practices as proximal structural conditions at the classroom level (N = 38) that affect bullying outcomes at the individual level (N = 687). Results of Hierarchal linear modeling (HLM) revealed significant classroom-level effects in that increased social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships were related to bullying and victimization. An interaction for teacher-student relationships and gender also emerged. These findings may guide future intervention programs for junior high schools that focus on enhancing cooperation and pro-social behavior in classrooms. The findings could also inform programs that focus on building strong relationships between students and teachers to help prevent bullying and victimization, particularly among boys. Copyright © 2016 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. All rights reserved.

  10. Depth and breadth: Bridging the gap between scientific inquiry and high-stakes testing with diverse junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jee Sun Emily

    This study explored how inquiry-based teaching and learning processes occurred in two teachers' diverse 8th grade Physical Science classrooms in a Program Improvement junior high school within the context of high-stakes standardized testing. Instructors for the courses examined included not only the two 8th grade science teachers, but also graduate fellows from a nearby university. Research was drawn from inquiry-based instruction in science education, the achievement gap, and the high stakes testing movement, as well as situated learning theory to understand how opportunities for inquiry were negotiated within the diverse classroom context. Transcripts of taped class sessions; student work samples; interviews of teachers and students; and scores from the California Standards Test in science were collected and analyzed. Findings indicated that the teachers provided structured inquiry in order to support their students in learning about forces and to prepare them for the standardized test. Teachers also supported students in generating evidence-based explanations, connecting inquiry-based investigations with content on forces, proficiently using science vocabulary, and connecting concepts about forces to their daily lives. Findings from classroom data revealed constraints to student learning: students' limited language proficiency, peer counter culture, and limited time. Supports were evidenced as well: graduate fellows' support during investigations, teachers' guided questioning, standardized test preparation, literacy support, and home-school connections. There was no statistical difference in achievement on the Forces Unit test or science standardized test between classes with graduate fellows and without fellows. There was also no statistical difference in student performance between the two teachers' classrooms, even though their teaching styles were very different. However, there was a strong correlation between students' achievement on the chapter test and

  11. 浅析初中生主体性教育%On Junior High School Students' Subjective Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜晓晗

    2016-01-01

    Quality education is the main subject of education, the student body shaping personality, to promote modern education student body behavior characteristics and capacity development. From the perspective of the main body sex education expounded the connotation, features, analyzes the role of the current status of junior high ideological and political education and the main ideological and political education in junior high school education, the main ideological education requirements prominent student learning in-itiative, independence, creativity, requires the establishment of a new type of teacher-student relationship.%主体性教育是素质教育的主体,是塑造学生主体人格,推动学生主体行为特征和能力发展的现代教育。本文从主体性教育的视角阐述了主体性教育的内涵、特点,分析了当前初中思想政治教育现状及主体性教育在初中思想政治教育中的作用,主体性教育思想要求突出学生学习的主动性、独立性、创造性,要求建立新型的师生关系。

  12. Junior high school students' cognitive process in solving the developed algebraic problems based on information processing taxonomy model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwoko, Saad, Noor Shah; Tajudin, Nor'ain Mohd

    2017-05-01

    This study aims to: i) develop problem solving questions of Linear Equations System of Two Variables (LESTV) based on levels of IPT Model, ii) explain the level of students' skill of information processing in solving LESTV problems; iii) explain students' skill in information processing in solving LESTV problems; and iv) explain students' cognitive process in solving LESTV problems. This study involves three phases: i) development of LESTV problem questions based on Tessmer Model; ii) quantitative survey method on analyzing students' skill level of information processing; and iii) qualitative case study method on analyzing students' cognitive process. The population of the study was 545 eighth grade students represented by a sample of 170 students of five Junior High Schools in Hilir Barat Zone, Palembang (Indonesia) that were chosen using cluster sampling. Fifteen students among them were drawn as a sample for the interview session with saturated information obtained. The data were collected using the LESTV problem solving test and the interview protocol. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, while the qualitative data were analyzed using the content analysis. The finding of this study indicated that students' cognitive process was just at the step of indentifying external source and doing algorithm in short-term memory fluently. Only 15.29% students could retrieve type A information and 5.88% students could retrieve type B information from long-term memory. The implication was the development problems of LESTV had validated IPT Model in modelling students' assessment by different level of hierarchy.

  13. Mean hemoglobin levels in venous blood samples and prevalence of anemia in Japanese elementary and junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Toru; Itoh, Yasuhiko; Maeda, Miho; Igarashi, Tsutomu; Fukunaga, Yoshitaka

    2012-01-01

    Screening for anemia has been performed in schools in Japan for over 30 years. The long-term effect of the nuclear power plant disaster on the prevalence of anemia in school age children is unknown. This research was performed to evaluate the prevalence of anemia in school age children and to determine grade-level and gender-related reference hemoglobin (Hb) levels prior to the nuclear disaster. Data for this research were obtained from results of screening for anemia obtained by venous blood sampling in schools in 2002. Mean Hb levels were calculated for each grade level (elementary school grades 1-6 and junior high school years 1-3) and according to gender, and the prevalence of anemia was determined. In our research, Tokyo Health Service Association guidelines were used to determine reference Hb levels for anemia. We demonstrated that Hb levels in boys increased with age during childhood and adolescence (from 13.1 ± 0.7 g/dL in 7 year olds to 14.9 ± 1.1 g/dL in 15 year olds); in girls, Hb levels peaked at menarche (13.7 ± 0.8 g/dL in 12 year olds), decreasing slightly thereafter (13.4 ± 1.1 g/dL in 15 year olds). The prevalence of anemia was 0.26% in elementary school boys, 0.27% in elementary school girls, and 1.21% in junior high school boys. The prevalence of anemia in second- and third-year junior high school girls was lower than that in first-year junior high school girls. Among all junior high school girls, 5.73% had mild anemia. Iron-deficiency anemia is the commonest type of anemia in high school girls, secondary to the relative lack of iron due to menstruation, the growth spurt and exercise. Appropriate dietary therapy and treatment of anemia, together with education about the dietary prevention of anemia, are important to reduce the prevalence of anemia in high school students. When complete blood counts are performed in regions thought to be affected by the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster, our report can serve as a reference during

  14. Characteristics of eighth-grade students who initiate self-care in elementary and junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, K M; Richardson, J L; Danley, K L; Hansen, W B; Sussman, S Y; Brannon, B; Dent, C W; Johnson, C A; Flay, B R

    1990-09-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine whether children who care for themselves for longer periods of time are at increased risk of poor grades, truancy, anger, family conflict, stress, risk-taking, and peer influences (in addition to the increased risk of substance use previously reported). Demographic characteristics of eighth-grade students who initiate self-care in junior high school are compared with those initiating self-care in elementary school. Further, increased risks for those initiating self-care in elementary school are examined. Over two thirds of the respondents (67.8%) cared for themselves after school without adult supervision at some time during the week; 23.5% for 1 to 4 hours per week, 15.7% for 5 to 10 hours per week, and 28.6% for 11 or more hours per week. Of those in self-care, 48.5% initiated self-care during elementary school and 51.5% during junior high school. Students who were in the highest category of self-care (greater than or equal to 11 hours per week) vs those in self-care zero hours per week were 1.5 to 2 times as likely to score high on risk-taking, anger, family conflict, and stress, to be more likely to see their friends as their major source of influence, and to attend more parties. The self-reports of academic grades did not differ. The grade of initiation of self-care (elementary vs junior high school) conferred additional risk for drinking alcohol (odds ratio = 1.4), risk-taking tendencies (odds ratio = 1.5), and attending parties (odds ratio = 1.6).

  15. Mathematics for Junior High School. Supplementary Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is a supplementary SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include sets, projective geometry, open and closed paths, finite…

  16. Curriculum Reviews: Middle/Junior High Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, Richard

    1982-01-01

    Reviews "Pathways in Science" (Globe Book Company), designed as a complete middle/junior high school science program. Strengths (including sixth-grade readability) and weaknesses (indicating that limited process skill development may not challenge more capable students). Limited process skill development and the possibility for the program…

  17. [Relationship among inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression in Japanese elementary and junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noda, Wataru; Okada, Ryo; Tani, Iori; Ohnishi, Masafumi; Naoto, Mochizuki; Nakajima, Syunji; Tsujii, Masatsugu

    2013-06-01

    The present study examines the relationship among inattentive, and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression in elementary school and junior high school students. The participants were 3,885 children and their teachers and caregivers. Children's inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior was rated by their teachers and caregivers (ADHD-RS). Children rated aggression (HAQ-C) and depression (DSRS-C) themselves. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior rated by teachers and caregivers were positively related to aggression and depression. Inattention predicted higher levels of aggression and depression. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior as rated by teachers was more highly related to depression than those behaviors as rated by caregivers. The relationships among inattentive, and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression were almost the same for both elementary school and junior high school students. This study suggests the importance of assessing inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior from multiple views to examine the relationship between inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior and mental health problems.

  18. The Development of Learning Devices Based Guided Discovery Model to Improve Understanding Concept and Critical Thinking Mathematically Ability of Students at Islamic Junior High School of Medan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuliani, Kiki; Saragih, Sahat

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to: 1) development of learning devices based guided discovery model in improving of understanding concept and critical thinking mathematically ability of students at Islamic Junior High School; 2) describe improvement understanding concept and critical thinking mathematically ability of students at MTs by using…

  19. A Comparative Study of the Use of Persian vs. English in Teaching English Grammar to Iranian Students in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrseresht, Kowsar; Gowhary, Habib; Azizifar, Akbar

    2015-01-01

    This study compared the relationship between the use of Persian vs. English in teaching English grammar to Iranian students and their achievement in learning English grammar. The participants of this study include 50 female students from a junior high school in Mehran. The researcher randomly selected 2 groups, one group was taught through the…

  20. On Student Body Discourse Space in Junior High School Composition Teaching%初中作文教学中的学生主体话语空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一丁

    2015-01-01

    写作对于初中生综合语文素养的提高具有很重要的意义,写作教学是语文教学的重要组成部分。明确初中生作为主体在初中作文教学中的地位,将话语权归还给学生,在校园活动、社会生活、自然环境中为学生创造以学生为主体的话语空间,加强初中生写作技巧的同时也不能忽略了学生本身的话语权。%Writing for junior high school students to improve overall language literacy has very important significance, writ-ing teaching is an important part of language teaching. While clearly dominant position as a junior high school students in junior high school teaching of writing and will be returned to the student the right to speak, to create student-centered dis-course space for students in campus activities, social life, the natural environment, strengthen writing skills of junior high school students can not ignoring the voice of the students themselves.

  1. Mathematical visualization process of junior high school students in solving a contextual problem based on cognitive style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utomo, Edy Setiyo; Juniati, Dwi; Siswono, Tatag Yuli Eko

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this research was to describe the mathematical visualization process of Junior High School students in solving contextual problems based on cognitive style. Mathematical visualization process in this research was seen from aspects of image generation, image inspection, image scanning, and image transformation. The research subject was the students in the eighth grade based on GEFT test (Group Embedded Figures Test) adopted from Within to determining the category of cognitive style owned by the students namely field independent or field dependent and communicative. The data collection was through visualization test in contextual problem and interview. The validity was seen through time triangulation. The data analysis referred to the aspect of mathematical visualization through steps of categorization, reduction, discussion, and conclusion. The results showed that field-independent and field-dependent subjects were difference in responding to contextual problems. The field-independent subject presented in the form of 2D and 3D, while the field-dependent subject presented in the form of 3D. Both of the subjects had different perception to see the swimming pool. The field-independent subject saw from the top, while the field-dependent subject from the side. The field-independent subject chose to use partition-object strategy, while the field-dependent subject chose to use general-object strategy. Both the subjects did transformation in an object rotation to get the solution. This research is reference to mathematical curriculum developers of Junior High School in Indonesia. Besides, teacher could develop the students' mathematical visualization by using technology media or software, such as geogebra, portable cabri in learning.

  2. Improving Junior High Classroom Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    A field experiment was conducted to determine whether descriptive-correlational results from classroom management research could be implemented by junior high school teachers, and whether such implementation would result in improved classroom management. An experimental group (18 teachers) received management manuals developed by researchers, and…

  3. The Effect of Diet on Learning of Junior High School Students in Mashhad, North-east of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Saeidi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Since nutrition, especially in childhood and adolescence is an important effect on intelligence and learning, so that malnutrition delayed to later periods of life, so that these people during the course of studies, will have many problems, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutrition on student learning. Materials and Methods This study was a cross-sectional study  that was conducted. The sample size was  all students that studying in a boarding school in  five district of  Mashhad-Iran. The valid and reliable questionnaire, consisted of 19 questions and specialized feeding habits of the students. Data were analyzed with spss-13 software. Results 90 students participated in the study guide. 48.9 % were second grade  and 51.1 % were third grade of  Junior High School. 24.4% of students in their grade point average were between was between 15-13; 65.6%  were 15-18 and also 10% of them their grade point average were between 18-20. 67.8% of students said that they love so much sweetmeat and 61.1% of students with food, pickles and salt used as high. Results showed that 38.8% of students had used too much salt in food, and on the other hand, 27.8% of students had used salt moderate. Results showed that students who had a grade average lower, the consumption of fish, red and white  meat, green and orange vegetables and dairy products were lower than the other students (p

  4. Multicultural and multilingual approach: Mathematics, science, and engineering education for junior high school minority students and high school administrators. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crumbly, I.J.; Hodges, J.

    1994-09-01

    During the 1993 school year, LLNL and the US Department of Energy`s San Francisco Field Office provided funds through grant {number_sign}DE-FG03-93SF20045/A000 to assist Cooperative Developmental Energy Program (CDEP) with its network coalition of high school counselors from 19 states and with its outreach and early intervention program in mathematics, science and engineering for minority junior high school students. The program for high school counselors is called the National Educators Orientation Program (NEOP) and the outreach program for minority junior high school students is called the Mathematics, Science and Engineering Academy (MSEA). A total of 35 minority and female rising eighth grade students participated in the Second Annual Mathematics, Science, and Engineering Academy sponsored by the Cooperative Developmental Energy Program of Fort Valley State College (FVSC). There were 24 students from the middle Georgia area, 4 students from Oakland, California, and 7 students from Portland, Oregon. Each student was selected by counselor in his or her respective school. The selection criteria were based on the students` academic performance in science and mathematics courses.

  5. Overcoming Junior High School Students' Misconceptions About Microscopic Views of Phase Change: A Study of an Analogy Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Chin-Chung

    1999-03-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of an analogy activity, which was designed to overcome junior high students' misconceptions about the microscopic views of phase change. Eighty Taiwanese 8 th graders were randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. For the control group, the subjects were instructed through traditional teaching whereas for the experimental group, an analogy activity was conducted on students. This specific analogy activity was presented in the form of role-playing in which students acted as particles and worked together to perform the conditions of phase changes. Through analyzing these students' drawings of the atom arrangements for the three states of some substances, it was found that the students of experimental group, though in many cases, did not perform statistically better than did those of control group in an immediate posttest. The comparisons of a delay test between these two groups indicated that the analogy activity had clearly positive impacts on students' conceptual change on these scientific concepts in terms of long-term observations.

  6. Inquiry Based Learning Model Natural Phenomena to Improve The Curiousity and Mastery of Teh Concept of Junior High School Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleh Hadiryanto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the increase curiousity and mastery of the concept of junior high school students after participating in inquiry learning based on the natural phenomenon of motion plant material. The method used is experiment using a randomized design Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. In the conduct of research, classroom-based inquiry learning experiments using natural phenomena and grade control using conventional learning. The instrument used is the concept mastery tests and questionnaires curiousity students. The results of calculation of N-gain scores showed a rise curiousity and mastery of concepts students both in the experimental and control groups, but the increase in the experimental group was higher than the control group. Through two different test average showed a significant difference curiousity improvement and mastery of concepts students at level α of 0.05 between students who learn by inquiry-based learning and the study of natural phenomena with conventional learning. Increased curiousity and mastery of concepts students learn the natural phenomena based inquiry learning in the experimental group is higher than that of learning through conventional teaching in the control group.

  7. Impact of the FUTURES series. [The impact of using the FUTURES Series on junior high school students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the FUTURES series in affecting junior high school students' attitudes towards math and careers. FUTURES is a series of 12 programs designed to encourage positive attitudes in students towards math and science. The series illustrates their relevance to a variety of careers. The programs are hosted by Jaime Escalante and targeted to seventh to 12th grade students, with a special focus on minority students. This study looked at the long-term effects of the FUTURES series under classroom conditions. This study was designed to measure the effectiveness of the series in: (1) increasing positive attitudes toward math and science in school; (2) motivating students to have more positive attitudes about their future careers; (3) widening the possible choices of careers that involve the use of math and science; and, (4) creating an understanding of the relevance of math and science to careers and daily life. In addition, this study examined the appeal of the series, the students' understanding of program content, and how the series was used in the classroom.

  8. Sexuality Education in Junior High Schools in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, N.; Shinohara, H.; Tashiro, M.; Suzuki, S.; Hirose, H.; Ikeya, H.; Ushitora, K.; Komiya, A.; Watanabe, M.; Motegi, T.; Morioka, M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to determine via responses to three questionnaire surveys how sexuality education programs are conducted at junior high schools in Japan. Study 1 examined the practice of sexuality education in schools, Study 2 investigated junior high school students' (age 12-13 and 14-15 years) knowledge of sexuality, and Study 3 examined…

  9. Geological field study for science education on Elementary and Junior high school student, in Shimane prefecture, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, I.

    2011-12-01

    The importance of learning at field has been increasing in the elementary and the junior high school in Japan. And, an environmental education is one of the important subjects even in the school education, too. It was important, as for science education, understanding with actual feeling and learning were specified as for the Teaching outlines (the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) of the new science textbook of the elementary and the junior high school as well. However, It is a little actual situation that there is in an opportunity for the field learning enforced in the school lesson by the investigation of JST (Japan Science and Tecnology Agency). This tendency is strong as much as school of the city and that circumference. I have this cause think that there are a few suitable places for learning to observe geological and biological field near school. In addition, below two is pointed out as a big problem to obstruct the execution of field learning. 1) A natural experience isn't being done sufficient as much as a teacher can teach to the student. 2) It doesn't have the confidence that a teacher teaches a student geology and biology at the field. I introduce the practical example of geological field learning at the public elementary school of the Shimane prefecture by this research. Though it is the place where nature is comparatively rich even in Japan, it can't be said that field learning is popular in Shimane prefecture. A school teacher has to learning experience at field, and he must settle confidence to guide a student at the field. A specialist in the university and the museum must support continuous learning for that to the school teacher.

  10. [Surveillance study on use of over-the-counter drug and health food by school pharmacist for grade-schooler, junior high school student, and high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anraku, Makoto; Tomida, Hisao; Sato, Eiji; Tabuchi, Norihiko; Yoshitomi, Hironori; Okamura, Nobuyuki; Taguchi, Katsuhide; Kondo, Yuko; Murakami, Nobuyuki

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, it is necessary to acquire knowledge not only about medicine but also over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and health food for children, because lowering trend in the age of the health hazard by improper use of health food is reported. Therefore, in order to estimate the extent of use of OTC drugs and health food, the school pharmacists administered a questionnaire to students in grade-school (n=123), junior high school (n=303), and high school (n=115) in Fukuyama city. As a result of the questionnaire survey, surprisingly, the usage ratio of OTC drugs and health food showed the most increase in grade-schooler. The trigger of use of health food is "parents' recommendations" in the lower grades, otherwise the ratio of "use by themselves" was increased in the higher grades. Moreover, a remarkable difference was observed by the kinds of use in students with or without exercise. Interestingly, exercise group expected "physical strength" effects than no exercise group. In addition, the ratio of consultation to the pharmacist at the time of purchase of OTC drugs and health food was low in all grade students. In particular, the ratio of consultation to the pharmacist at the time of purchase of health food was very low in high school students. Therefore, to provide accurate information of medicine and health food for students, the school pharmacist should engage not only in routine work but also in positive guidance about OTC drugs and health food in the future.

  11. Predictors of intention to smoke among junior high school students in Shanghai, China: an empirical test of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Chendi; Cai, Yong; Ma, Jin; Li, Na; Zhu, Jingfen; He, Yaping; Redmon, Pamela; Qiao, Yun

    2013-01-01

    Adolescent smoking is a worldwide problem that is particularly severe in low- and middle-income countries. Many endogenous and environmental factors affect the intention to smoke, so a comprehensive model is needed to understand the significance and relationship of predictors. The study aimed to test the associations among information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model constructs as predictors of intention to smoke in junior high school students in Shanghai, China. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 16,500 junior high school students in Shanghai, China. Data on tobacco-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors were collected from students. Structural equation model (SEM) was used to assess the IMB model. The mean age of participants was 13.8 years old (standard deviation = 1.02; range 11-17). The experimental smoking rate among junior high school students was 6.6% and 8.7% of the participants expected that they would be smokers in 5 years. The IMB model provided acceptable fit to the data (comparative fit index = 0.984, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04). Intention to smoke was predicted by behavioral skills (β = 0.670, P intention to smoke and it suggests future interventions among junior high school students should focus on improving motivation and behavioral skills.

  12. [Relationship between self-evaluation of their emotions and subjective adaptation to school among junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Yoshiyuki; Ishizu, Kenichiro; Kashimura, Masami

    2014-02-01

    The effect of self-evaluation of emotions on subjective adaption to school was investigated among junior high school students (n = 217: 112 boys, 105 girls) who participated in a questionnaire survey. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that for boys "Infringement and maladjustment" differed based on their self-evaluation of anger and anxiety. For girls, on the other hand, the self-evaluation of anger alleviated psychological stress, worsened the "Relationship with the teacher" and the "Relationship with the class", whereas self-evaluation of anxiety played a role in increasing psychological stress and deteriorating the "Relationship with the class." Furthermore, negatively evaluating either anger or anxiety heightened the "Motivation for learning" in girls. These results suggest that the evaluation of emotions is different in boys and girls and for different emotions.

  13. The Effect of Task-Based Language Teaching on Motivation and Grammatical Achievement of EFL Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Islam NamazianDost

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research sought to investigate the effect of the effect of task-based language teaching on motivation and grammatical achievement of EFL junior high school students of Ahvaz. To fulfill the objectives of the study a Homogeneity test (Oxford Quick Placement Test was administered among 100 students at the junior high school and finally 80 participants were selected. Then, they were divided into two sub­groups, namely control and experimental groups. Before starting the treatment, a validated teacher-made grammar test in terms of the materials supposed to be covered in both groups was administered to them as the pre-test. Moreover, a motivation questionnaire were given to both groups at the beginning and at the end of study. Then the experimental group received the treatment, which was teaching and learning grammar through using task-based language teaching and the control group received traditional teaching which is teaching grammar through instruction on examples and drills proposed by the teacher. After 12 sessions of treatment, the two groups were administered the same teacher-made grammar test as posttest. Data were analyzed by Paired and Independent Samples t-­test. The findings showed that the experimental group significantly performed better than the control group. Generally, the experimental groups outperformed the control groups. Furthermore, the results of motivation questionnaire show that there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups' motivation in the post-test of questionnaire which implies that the experimental group's motivation increased significantly. The results suggest that task-based language teaching can be used in English classes to develop grammar ability among Iranian EFL learners.

  14. Predictors of intention to smoke among junior high school students in Shanghai, China: an empirical test of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chendi Zhu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent smoking is a worldwide problem that is particularly severe in low- and middle-income countries. Many endogenous and environmental factors affect the intention to smoke, so a comprehensive model is needed to understand the significance and relationship of predictors. The study aimed to test the associations among information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB model constructs as predictors of intention to smoke in junior high school students in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 16,500 junior high school students in Shanghai, China. Data on tobacco-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors were collected from students. Structural equation model (SEM was used to assess the IMB model. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 13.8 years old (standard deviation = 1.02; range 11-17. The experimental smoking rate among junior high school students was 6.6% and 8.7% of the participants expected that they would be smokers in 5 years. The IMB model provided acceptable fit to the data (comparative fit index = 0.984, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04. Intention to smoke was predicted by behavioral skills (β = 0.670, P < 0.001 and motivation (β = 0.095, P<0.001 among junior high school students. CONCLUSION: The IMB model provides a good understanding of the predictors of intention to smoke and it suggests future interventions among junior high school students should focus on improving motivation and behavioral skills.

  15. Influence of a Non-formal Environmental Education Programme on Junior High-School Students' Environmental Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Daphne; Ben Zvi Assaraf, Orit; Shaharabani, Dina

    2013-02-01

    One of the solutions implemented by schools for conducting value-based environmental education (EE) is outsourcing: allocating external environmental organizations that develop and conduct EE programmes. This study addressed such a programme-the Green Council Programme (GCP)-developed and implemented in schools by the Israeli Society for Protection of Nature. A pre-test/post-test design was used to investigate the influence of participation in the GCP on components of junior high-school students' environmental literacy. Conceptualizations of 'environment', environmental attitudes and sense of ability to act on environmental issues were studied employing quantitative and qualitative tools. Contribution of the programme to the cognitive domain, in developing a systemic understanding of the environment, was limited. On the other hand, participating in this programme heightened students' sensitivity to human-environment interrelationships and developed a more ecological worldview. After the programme, students demonstrated greater perception of humans as part of the environment, an increased sensitivity to human impact on the environment and their value for non-human nature moved from an anthropocentric to a more ecocentric orientation. While students' internal locus-of-control increased, when environmental protection entailed personal economic trade-offs, their support was limited and remained unchanged. The article concludes with recommendations, based on the findings, regarding supplementing the school (science) curriculum with external EE enrichment programmes.

  16. Experience-oriented tobacco-use prevention lecture using a COPD-simulation mask for junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iizuka, Makito; Tomita, Kazuhide; Takeshima, Reiko

    2015-04-01

    We recently developed a mask that simulates the experience of having one of the major diseases caused by tobacco smoking: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here we examined the effects of a tobacco-use prevention lecture accompanied by a pseudo-COPD experience created with this mask on adolescents' attitude toward smoking. Junior high school students (12-13 years old, n=165) in Japan were the subjects. The students attended a 30-min tobacco-use prevention lecture with slides and movie clips and engaged in a light exercise session wearing the COPD-simulation mask for 15min. Before and after the lecture, the students' attitudes toward smoking were evaluated by the Kano test for social nicotine dependence (KTSND). The total KTSND scores decreased significantly from 9.9±4.4 (mean±SD, n=149) to 7.5±5.3 (n=144). Ninety-eight students wore the COPD mask, and their modified Borg scale scores increased significantly from 0.7±1.0 to 3.2±2.1 after exercise (Plecture with the pseudo-COPD experience created by the simulation mask was effective and safe.

  17. Frequency of Student-Initiated Turns and Teacher-Solicited Questions in Junior and Senior High School English Classes in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Jacqueline, Norris-Holt

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the level of classroom participation by Japanese students engaged in the study of English and the interaction between both instructor and students within the structured environment of the classroom. The subjects of the study included two separate age groups, one a first year junior high school class and the other a third year senior high school class. For the purpose of the study classroom participation was defined as responses to general and personal solicits by the t...

  18. Implementation literacy strategies on health technology theme Learning to enhance Indonesian Junior High School Student's Physics Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feranie, Selly; Efendi, Ridwan; Karim, Saeful; Sasmita, Dedi

    2016-08-01

    The PISA results for Indonesian Students are lowest among Asian countries in the past two successive results. Therefore various Innovations in science learning process and its effectiveness enhancing student's science literacy is needed to enrich middle school science teachers. Literacy strategies have been implemented on health technologies theme learning to enhance Indonesian Junior high school Student's Physics literacy in three different health technologies e.g. Lasik surgery that associated with application of Light and Optics concepts, Ultra Sonographer (USG) associated with application of Sound wave concepts and Work out with stationary bike and walking associated with application of motion concepts. Science learning process involves at least teacher instruction, student learning and a science curriculum. We design two main part of literacy strategies in each theme based learning. First part is Integrated Reading Writing Task (IRWT) is given to the students before learning process, the second part is scientific investigation learning process design packed in Problem Based Learning. The first part is to enhance student's science knowledge and reading comprehension and the second part is to enhance student's science competencies. We design a transformation from complexity of physics language to Middle school physics language and from an expensive and complex science investigation to a local material and simply hands on activities. In this paper, we provide briefly how literacy strategies proposed by previous works is redesigned and applied in classroom science learning. Data were analysed using t- test. The increasing value of mean scores in each learning design (with a significance level of p = 0.01) shows that the implementation of this literacy strategy revealed a significant increase in students’ physics literacy achievement. Addition analysis of Avarage normalized gain show that each learning design is in medium-g courses effectiveness category

  19. Non-exposure parenting increases risk of bullying behavior in junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surilena Hasan

    2016-05-01

    Non-exposure parenting was the most relevant risk factor of bullying behavior. Low self-esteem increases the risk of bullying behavior. These findings suggest the need of timely bullying prevention and intervention programs that should have a special focus on families of primary high school students.

  20. Similarities between Students Receiving Dress Code Violations and Discipline Referrals at Newport Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Nikki

    2007-01-01

    Background: Looking at dress code violations and demographics surrounding kids breaking the rules. Purpose: To see if there is a connection between dress code violations and discipline referrals. Setting: Jr. High School; Study Sample: Students with dress code violations for one week; Intervention: N/A; Research Design: Correlational; and Control…

  1. DEVELOPING STUDENTS' READING ABILITIES IN JUNIOR SCHOOL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duan Bixi

    2001-01-01

    In This Article, the writer focus on an over- all analysis of the present situation of the students' reading activities in junior middle school in the countryside and put forward some suggestions on improving the teaching arts to enhance the students' fast reading abilities . It provided some theoretical basis on the further improcement of students' reading abilities in the school

  2. Effect of Engineering Education by Science Classroom for High School, Junior High School and Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukita, Kazuto; Goto, Tokimasa; Mizuno, Katsunori; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Ichiyanagi, Katsuhiro; Goto, Yasuyuki; Mori, Tsuyoshi

    Recently the importance of Monozukuri (manufacturing) has been watched with keen interest as a social; problem, which has a relation with schoolchildren's decline of their academic standards, pointed out by the reports of PISA of OECD and TIMSS, etc., and their “losing interest in science” and “dislike of science”, some people worry about, which will lead to the decline of technology in the home industry, the top-class personnel shortage, and the decrease of economical power in this country in the future. In order to solve such a problem, science pavilions, universities, and academic societies of science and engineering etc. in various places hold “Monozukuiri Classrooms” or “Science Classrooms”. We can say that various activities which try to hold off “losing interest in science” and “dislike of science.” in the whole society. Under such a situation, Aichi Institute of Technology (AIT) to which we belong, also tries to contribute to the activity of solving the problem, and holds various engineering education lectures which intend for elementary, junior high school and senior high school students. AIT has held “The Whole Experience World” which tries to bring up a talented person who has a dream and hope towards science and technology, grows his/her originality, intellectual curiosity and spirit of inquiry, and supports the nation based on science and technology in the summer vacation since 2001. This paper reports the result of a questionnaire about what kind of the long-term learning effect on the children who participated in “The Whole Experience World” and “Boys and Girls Robot Lectures”. As the conclusion of the study, we can say that the lectures could give the participants who were interested in science and technology more interest. And we could give them the idea of what the study of science and technology is. As a result, we could contribute to the participants' decision of the courses' selection in life.

  3. An evaluation of applying the 'Critical thinking model' to teaching global warming to junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, J.; Hong, C.; Hsu, Y.

    2013-12-01

    Climate change is a consequence of interaction among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere. The causes of climate change are extremely complicated for scientists to explain. The fact that the global climate has kept warming in the past few decades is one example. It remains controversial for scientists whether this warming is the result of human activity or natural causes. This research aims to lead students to discuss the causes of global warming from distinct and controversial viewpoints to help the students realize the uncertainty and complicated characteristics of the global warming issue. The context of applying the critical thinking model to teaching the scientific concepts of climate change and global warming is designed for use in junior high schools. The videos of the upside concept 'An Inconvenient Truth' (a 2006 documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim) and the reverse-side concept 'The Great Global Warming Swindle' (a 2007 documentary film made by British television producer/director Martin Durkin) about the global warming crisis are incorporated into lessons in order to guide students to make their own decisions appropriately when discussing the earth climate change crisis. A questionnaire, individual teacher interviews and observations in class were conducted to evaluate the curriculum. The pre-test and post-test questionnaires showed differences in the students' knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards the global warming phenomenon before and after attending the lessons. The results show that those students who attended the whole curriculum had a significant increase in their knowledge and behavior factors of global climate (P value post-test questionnaires (P value=0.329). From the individual interviews, the teachers who gave the lessons indicated that this project could increase the interaction with their students during class and improve the efficiency of learning.

  4. Developing mathematics learning set for special-needs junior high school student oriented to learning interest and achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai Sadidah

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to produce a mathematics learning set for special-needs students (mathematical learning disability and mathematically gifted of Junior High School Grade VIII Second Semester oriented to learning interests and achievement which is valid, practical, and effective. This study was a research and development study using the Four-D development model consisting of four stages: (1 define, (2 design, (3 develop, and (4 disseminate. The quality of learning set consisting of the following three criterions: (1 validity, (2 practicality, and (3 effectiveness.  The data analysis technique used in this study is a descriptive quantitative analysis. The research produced learning set consisting of lesson plans and student worksheets. The result of the research shows that: (1 the learning set fulfill the valid criteria base on experts’ appraisal; (2 the learning set fulfill the practical criterion base on teacher’s and students’ questionnaire, and observation of learning implementation; (3 the learning set fulfill the effectiveness criterion base on learning interest and achievement.

  5. Mathematical disposition of junior high school students viewed from learning styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putra, Arief Karunia; Budiyono, Slamet, Isnandar

    2017-08-01

    The relevance of this study is the growth of character values for students in Indonesia. Mathematics is a subject that builds the character values for students. It can be seen from the students' confidence in answering mathematics problems, their persistent and resilience in mathematics task. In addition, students have a curiosity in mathematics and appreciate the usefulness of mathematics. In mathematics, it is called a mathematical disposition. One of the factors that can affect students' mathematical disposition is learning style. Each student has a dominant learning style. Three of the most popular ones are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic. The most important uses of learning styles is that it makes it easy for teachers to incorporate them into their teaching. The purpose of this study was to determine which one that gives better mathematical dispositions among students with learning styles of visual, auditory, or kinesthetic. The subjects were 150 students in Sleman regency. Data obtained through questionnaires. Based on data analysis that has been done with benchmark assessment method, it can be concluded that students with visual learning style has a mathematical disposition better than students with auditory and kinesthetic learning styles, while students with kinesthetic learning style has a mathematical disposition better than students with auditory learning style. These results can be used as a reference for students with individual learning styles to improve the mathematical positive disposition in the learning process of mathematics.

  6. A Project-Based Course on Newton's Laws for Talented Junior High-School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langbeheim, Elon

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that project-based learning promotes student interest in science and improves understanding of scientific content. Fostering student motivation is particularly important in accelerated science and technology programmes for talented students, which are often demanding and time-consuming. Current texts provide little guidance on…

  7. Design and Development Computer-Based E-Learning Teaching Material for Improving Mathematical Understanding Ability and Spatial Sense of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurjanah; Dahlan, J. A.; Wibisono, Y.

    2017-02-01

    This paper aims to make a design and development computer-based e-learning teaching material for improving mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students. Furthermore, the particular aims are (1) getting teaching material design, evaluation model, and intrument to measure mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (2) conducting trials computer-based e-learning teaching material model, asessment, and instrument to develop mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (3) completing teaching material models of computer-based e-learning, assessment, and develop mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (4) resulting research product is teaching materials of computer-based e-learning. Furthermore, the product is an interactive learning disc. The research method is used of this study is developmental research which is conducted by thought experiment and instruction experiment. The result showed that teaching materials could be used very well. This is based on the validation of computer-based e-learning teaching materials, which is validated by 5 multimedia experts. The judgement result of face and content validity of 5 validator shows that the same judgement result to the face and content validity of each item test of mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense. The reliability test of mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense are 0,929 and 0,939. This reliability test is very high. While the validity of both tests have a high and very high criteria.

  8. Development of probabilistic thinking-oriented learning tools for probability materials at junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Dwi Ivayana; Hermanto, Didik

    2017-08-01

    This research is a developmental research of probabilistic thinking-oriented learning tools for probability materials at ninth grade students. This study is aimed to produce a good probabilistic thinking-oriented learning tools. The subjects were IX-A students of MTs Model Bangkalan. The stages of this development research used 4-D development model which has been modified into define, design and develop. Teaching learning tools consist of lesson plan, students' worksheet, learning teaching media and students' achievement test. The research instrument used was a sheet of learning tools validation, a sheet of teachers' activities, a sheet of students' activities, students' response questionnaire and students' achievement test. The result of those instruments were analyzed descriptively to answer research objectives. The result was teaching learning tools in which oriented to probabilistic thinking of probability at ninth grade students which has been valid. Since teaching and learning tools have been revised based on validation, and after experiment in class produced that teachers' ability in managing class was effective, students' activities were good, students' responses to the learning tools were positive and the validity, sensitivity and reliability category toward achievement test. In summary, this teaching learning tools can be used by teacher to teach probability for develop students' probabilistic thinking.

  9. Defending behaviors, bullying roles, and their associations with mental health in junior high school students: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wen-Chi; Luu, Shyuemeng; Luh, Dih-Ling

    2016-10-10

    Students should be encouraged to help prevent or stop bullying. However, defending victims of bullying can impact on mental health. It is not only bystanders who may defend victims, but bullies, victims and bully-victims can also have defending behaviors. Nevertheless, most studies of defending behaviors have been limited to an examination of the reactions of bystanders or those not involved in bullying and have ignored the other players. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between defending behaviors and mental health among bullies, victims, bully-victims and bystanders. Associations among defending behaviors, mental health (including depressive symptoms and social anxiety), and bullying experiences were cross-sectionally examined in 3441 students (13-15 years old.) from 20 randomly selected junior high schools in Taiwan using a self-report questionnaire. SAS 9.3 Survey Analysis procedures were used to conduct descriptive analysis and multiple regression models. Defending behaviors were associated with bullying roles and were higher in victims than in bullies or bystanders. Defending behaviors were positively associated with social anxiety and depressive symptoms. After stratifying by bullying roles, defending behaviors were positively associated with social anxiety in bystanders, and were positively associated with depressive symptoms in victims and bystanders. However, defending behaviors were not significantly associated with mental health indicators in bullies. The associations between defending behaviors and mental health varied according to bullying roles. The results suggest that bystanders and victims experience more mental health effects than bullies. Intervention programs aimed at preventing bullying should focus on strategies that minimize social anxiety and depression in victims and bystanders, and urge students to help vulnerable peers during bullying events.

  10. The Freshman Grade Academy: A Program to Facilitate the Smooth Transition of Students from the Junior High Learning Environment to the High School Learning Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Weathers

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available From 2004-2006, Arkansas High School in Texarkana, Arkansas, piloted a program aimed at facilitating the transition of freshman students from a junior high setting to a senior high setting. The creation of the program was prompted by the school’s data showing that the freshman class had the highest number of disciplinary referrals, absenteeism, and failing grades, while simultaneously having extremely low benchmark test scores. The program, named the Freshman Academy, consisted of three teams with five core team teachers in the areas of English, computer business applications, math and social studies along with an inclusion special education teacher. The teams were given a common planning time to work together to foster student success in both academic and social circles. After two years of piloting the Freshman Academy, the data showed that the number of discipline referrals decreased, absenteeism was down, grades were up and benchmark test scores were up.

  11. The status of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents in junior high school students in Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Hosseini

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: According to the results obtained, the majority of students walk to school and have the lowest practice score in this respect. It is recommended that as the first step, students be given necessary road traffic rules training, particularly how to cross the street.

  12. Factors Associated with Taiwanese Junior High School Personnel Advising Students to Quit Smoking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ping-Ling; Huang, Wei-Gang; Chao, Kun-Yu

    2011-01-01

    Background: Most smokers in developing countries begin smoking before age 18, and smoking prevalence is rising among adolescents. School personnel represent a target group for tobacco-control efforts because they interact daily with students, are role models for students, teach about tobacco-use prevention in school curricula, and implement school…

  13. Evaluation of Two Service Opportunity Programs for Junior High School Students: First Year Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    Cross-Age Tutoring and School Store, two courses combining classroom learning and application of specific skills outside the classroom are evaluated. Students in Cross-Age Tutoring were taught tutoring and communication skills and spent four days per week tutoring at nearby elementary schools; students in School Store were taught business and…

  14. A Brief Study of Junior High School Students' English Articulatory Problems in Baoji Area%A Brief Study of Junior High School Students'English Articulatory Problems in Baoji Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马卉

    2016-01-01

    Study of Articulation is a key factor in teaching English. By a brief research, some English articulatory problems are seen among junior middle school students in Baoji which mainly lie in misuttering the voiced labiodental, the dentals and,and misuttering nasal是 as for the reasons of transfer, evaluation system, teacher factors and learner factors. The author analyses the articulatory problems and puts forward the solutions to the problems as eliminating the negative transfer by massive practice,increasing learners' motivation and needs, and improving teachers' expertise to improve the learners'performance in English learning.

  15. What makes work experience program in junior high school effective?

    OpenAIRE

    五島, 萌子; 重川, 純子

    2010-01-01

    Recently, the work experience program in junior high schools is spreading all over Japan in order that students get views on occupation and works. The purpose of this study is to clarify the value of this program and its determinants of effectiveness. We conducted interview survey to informantswho experienced the work experience programs in junior high school from 2000 to 2004. We have found that the followings are important to make the program more effective: adequacy interm and difficulty, ...

  16. Effective Management in Junior High Mathematics Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.

    Reporting on part of the data collected in the Junior High Classroom Organization Study, this document focuses on the mathematics subsample. Twenty-six mathematics teachers in 11 junior high schools were observed in two classes. The major purpose of this paper is to describe the classroom procedures and behaviors of teachers identified as…

  17. The Enhancement of Mathematical Reasoning Ability of Junior High School Students by Applying Mind Mapping Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayal, Carolina S.; Kusuma, Yaya S.; Sabandar, Jozua; Dahlan, Jarnawi Afgan

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical reasoning ability, are component that must be governable by the student. Mathematical reasoning plays an important role, both in solving problems and in conveying ideas when learning mathematics. In fact there ability are not still developed well, even in middle school. The importance of mathematical reasoning ability (KPM are…

  18. Profiles Junior high School West Java in Education Learning Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NFN Nahadi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Descriptive studies have been conducted on the existing junior high profile in West Java on Education Learning Environment. The study was conducted by purposive sampling and descriptive done to get an idea about the profile of SMP in West Java implementation of the learning environment. in junior high school in West Java. Research conducted by distributing questionnaires, and observations based on the indicators developed. Based on this research, it is known that, PLH learning in junior high school in West Java has been in force since 2007 after the enactment of the Governor of West Java on environmental education for junior high school students in West Java. Learning that lasts generally implemented in conventional teacher, and it is without any innovations. It has made learning the essential condition runs well, but has not lasted optimally.

  19. Student Characteristics and Change at Napa Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMillan, Thomas F.

    At Napa Junior College (California), to test the relationship between college attendance and personality change, 100 volunteers were measured in their first year by the STEP Reading Exam and the ACE Psychological Exam. California Psychological Inventory (CPI) showed a significant range in personality traits from high to low ability students. The…

  20. Gender-related differences in reasoning skills and learning interests of junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemesh, Michal

    The purpose of this study was to investigate gender-related differences in the relationship between the development of formal reasoning skills and learning interests during the early adolescent stage. For this purpose, 249 students, from seventh to ninth grade, were assessed for their level of mastery of formal reasoning skills by a test based on videotaped simple experiments. Learning interests were assessed by a written response to an open question. Results showed that adolescent boys develop patterns of formal reasoning before their girl classmates. In addition, boys tend to prefer science and technology subjects, while girls tend to prefer language, social studies, and humanities. Analysis of interactions showed that boys' tendency toward science and technology is positively correlated to their age and development of formal reasoning, while girls' tendency to the above subjects is positively related to their development of formal reasoning capacity, but inversely related to their age. Possible explanations to the above-described findings and suggestions for instructional modes that may increase girls' interest in science and technology are discussed.

  1. The Differences in the Images among Sports which Female Junior-high School Students Hope to Participate in, Soccer and Futsal

    OpenAIRE

    上野, 耕平; 中尾, 美佳

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences in the images among sports which female junior-high school students hope to participate in (F-sport), soccer and futsal. The subjects of the preliminary investigation were 10 female students who have played both soccer and futsal. They were asked about their images of soccer and futsal to develop a questionnaire to measure the images of both sports by using a semantic differential technique. In the first study, the questionnaire which w...

  2. Developing Teaching Materials PISA-Based for Mathematics and Science of Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somakim; Suharman, Andi; Madang, Kodri; Taufiq

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to develop valid and practical teaching materials for mathematics and science lesson PISA-based for junior high school students and to determine potential effects on students in scientific activity. Subjects of this study were students of Junior High School 9 Palembang (SMP Negeri 9 Palembang). The method used in this study is…

  3. The Concept Mastery in the Perspective of Gender of Junior High School Students on Eclipse Theme in Multiple Intelligences-based of Integrated Earth and Space Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liliawati, W.; Utama, J. A.; Mursydah, L. S.

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify gender-based concept mastery differences of junior high school students after the implementation of multiple intelligences-based integrated earth and space science learning. Pretest-posttest group design was employed to two different classes at one of junior high school on eclipse theme in Tasikmalaya West Java: one class for boys (14 students) and one class of girls (18 students). The two-class received same treatment. The instrument of concepts mastery used in this study was open-ended eight essay questions. Reliability test result of this instrument was 0.9 (category: high) while for validity test results were high and very high category. We used instruments of multiple intelligences identification and learning activity observation sheet for our analysis. The results showed that normalized N-gain of concept mastery for boys and girls were improved, respectively 0.39 and 0.65. Concept mastery for both classes differs significantly. The dominant multiple intelligences for boys were in kinesthetic while girls dominated in the rest of multiple intelligences. Therefor we concluded that the concept mastery was influenced by gender and student’s multiple intelligences. Based on this finding we suggested to considering the factor of gender and students’ multiple intelligences given in the learning activity.

  4. Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in a population of 7th-grade junior high school students in Central China: the Anyang Childhood Eye Study (ACES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jing; Li, Shi Ming; Liu, Luo Ru; Li, Jin Ling; Li, Si Yuan; Zhu, Bi Dan; Li, He; Yang, Zhou; Li, Lei; Wang, Ning Li

    2014-06-01

    To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in 7th-grade junior high school students in central China. Using stratified cluster sampling, 2363 7th-grade students were recruited from four junior high schools in Anyang city into the cross-sectional Anyang Childhood Eye Study (ACES). All students underwent visual acuity (VA), cycloplegic autorefraction, cover test, and ocular movement examinations. Uncorrected VA and best-corrected VA (BCVA) were measured with a logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) chart. Cycloplegic autorefraction was performed after administration of 1.0% cyclopentolate and Mydrin-P. Strabismus was defined as heterotropia at near or distance fixation. Amblyopia was defined as BCVA ≤ 0.1 logMAR units in one or both eyes, without ocular pathology in either eye. Of the 2363 eligible students, 2260 (95.6%) completed all examinations. The mean age of the students was 12.4 ± 0.6 years. Amblyopia was present in 52 students (2.5%), of whom 33 (63.5%) had unilateral and 19 (36.6%) had bilateral amblyopia. Of those with unilateral amblyopia, 18 (54.5 %) had anisometropia and 7 (21.2%) had strabismus. Of those with bilateral amblyopia, 6 (31.6%) had significant refractive error. Strabismus was present in 108 students (5.0%), of whom 2 (1.9%) had esotropia, 102 (94.4%) had exotropia, 3 (2.8%) had vertical strabismus, and 1 (0.9%) had microstrabismus. Of the 108 students with strabismus, 9 (8.3%) had amblyopia. The cross-sectional ACES which examined the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in 7th-grade students in central China revealed the prevalence of strabismus, particularly the proportion of exotropia, to be higher than previously reported.

  5. Analysis of Suicidal Ideation Influencing Factors For Junior High School Students%初中生自杀意念影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 金霞芳; 徐燕; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:探索初中生自杀意念的相关影响因素,为关注初中生心理健康提供实证依据。方法采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市松江区15所初中的2265名初中生进行一般情况问卷、自杀意念自评量表( SIOSS )、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、中学生抑郁量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)施测,以SPSS 17.0进行统计分析。结果①初中生1年内自杀意念检出率为13.47%;②学习成绩差、同伴关系差、有自杀家族史、父亲职业是农民、与父亲关系差、与母亲关系差、家庭经济状况差的初中生自杀意念检出率较高,差异有统计学意义(χ2=51.768,82.119,11.035,13.956,84.731,79.218,7.172;P<0.05);③有自杀意念组初中生的抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、丧失因子、健康适应因子、其他因子分均高于无自杀意念组,差异有统计学意义(t=-30.853,-25.108,-20.663,-18.947,-14.508,-11.480,-14.474,-19.018;P<0.001);④多因素Logistic回归分析表明,初中生自杀意念的影响因素包括性别、年级、家庭状况(是否是单亲家庭)、同伴关系、家庭经济状况、抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、受惩罚因子。结论初中生自杀意念与多因素有关,应加强对初中生群体的心理健康教育。%Objective To explore suicidal ideation influencing factors for junior high school students so as to provide empirical evi -dence for their psychological health .Methods Stratified random sampling was carried out to investigate total 2265 junior high school students from fifteen junior high middle schools of Songjiang district in Shanghai .A general questionnaire , Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale(SIOSS),Adolescent Self -Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Self -Rating Anxiety

  6. Multiple Intelligences Profiles of Junior Secondary School Students in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmiyati, Nuri; Rasyid, Muhammad Amin; Rahman, M. Asfah; Arsyad, Azhar; Dirawan, Gufran Darma

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the Multiple Intelligences profiles of the students at junior secondary school in Makassar. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory was used to identify the dominant intelligence among the students. The sample of this research was 302 junior secondary schools students in Makassar Indonesia who willing to participated…

  7. Implementation of cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach to understanding of mathematical concept student state junior high school in Pekanbaru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurhayati, Dian Mita; Hartono

    2017-05-01

    This study aims to determine whether there is a difference in the ability of understanding the concept of mathematics between students who use cooperative learning model Student Teams Achievement Division type with Realistic Mathematic Education approach and students who use regular learning in seventh grade SMPN 35 Pekanbaru. This study was quasi experiments with Posttest-only Control Design. The populations in this research were all the seventh grade students in one of state junior high school in Pekanbaru. The samples were a class that is used as the experimental class and one other as the control class. The process of sampling is using purposive sampling technique. Retrieval of data in this study using the documentation, observation sheets, and test. The test use t-test formula to determine whether there is a difference in student's understanding of mathematical concepts. Before the t-test, should be used to test the homogeneity and normality. Based in the analysis of these data with t0 = 2.9 there is a difference in student's understanding of mathematical concepts between experimental and control class. Percentage of students experimental class with score more than 65 was 76.9% and 56.4% of students control class. Thus be concluded, the ability of understanding mathematical concepts students who use the cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach better than students using the regular learning. So that cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach is well used in learning process.

  8. Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Testing for Indonesia Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Bor-Chen; Daud, Muslem; Yang, Chih-Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a curriculum-based multidimensional computerized adaptive test that was developed for Indonesia junior high school Biology. In adherence to the Indonesian curriculum of different Biology dimensions, 300 items was constructed, and then tested to 2238 students. A multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model was…

  9. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include real numbers, similar triangles, variation, non-metric…

  10. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include the rational number system; parallels, parallelograms,…

  11. Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Testing for Indonesia Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Bor-Chen; Daud, Muslem; Yang, Chih-Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a curriculum-based multidimensional computerized adaptive test that was developed for Indonesia junior high school Biology. In adherence to the Indonesian curriculum of different Biology dimensions, 300 items was constructed, and then tested to 2238 students. A multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model was…

  12. Home Life Skills: Career Related Junior High Home Economics Courseguide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aanenson, Gail; And Others

    Designed for use in integrating career education into a one-semester junior high school home economics course, this guide contains eleven home life skills activities and eighteen personal development activities to be integrated into units on foods, grooming and clothing, sewing, personal development, and child development. Student worksheets,…

  13. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II (Part 1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include number line and coordinates, equations, scientific notation,…

  14. Improving Oral English in Break Time in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴小丹

    2013-01-01

      Teachers have been paying more attention to oral English teaching in junior high school than ever before. Generally, teachers focus on teaching oral English in class, where they give preeminence to creating an environment in the classroom which approximates to the“real-life”communicative use of language (Yang Chaochun&Cheng Lian 2005). However, there are some limits teaching oral English in class. This essay puts forwards to provide input during the break time for students to acquire oral English unconsciously in junior high school to make up for the insufficiency.

  15. Creative Thinking Ability to Increase Student Mathematical of Junior High School by Applying Models Numbered Heads Together

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lince, Ranak

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical ability of students creative thinking is a component that must be mastered by the student. Mathematical creative thinking plays an important role, both in solving the problem and well, even in high school students. Therefore, efforts are needed to convey ideas in mathematics. But the reality is not yet developed the ability to…

  16. Effectiveness of Line communication application as a social media on changes in tooth brushing behavior of junior high school students in Banjarmasin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widodo Widodo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: There were only 10.7% of junior school students in Banjarmasin brushing their teeth before bedtime. Using Line (as one of the social media can be assumed as an effective strategy to spread information. Purpose: This study aimed to reveal changes in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in students of class VII in all state junior high schools in Banjarmasin after receiving information disseminated through Line. Method: Pre and post test technique with control group design was used in this research. Result: One week before the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 1.90, while in the poster group was 1.93. During the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 4.78 in the first 7 days, 5.07 in the second week, and 5.67 in the third week. On the other hand, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the poster group was 4.66 in the first 7 days, 4.61 in the second week, and 5.18 in the third week. Conclusion: Messages/ information disseminated through both of Line and poster can give a significant change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime. Nevertheless, Line can trigger better effectiveness than poster in stimulating a change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime.

  17. THE USE OF ENGLISH OF THE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS AT STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1 MAGELANG (A PILOT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukasih Ratna Widayanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed at describing the use of English of the teachers and students at State Junior High School 1 Magelang as a pilot international standard school. The objectives of this study are (1 to find out the frequencies and percentages of the use of English spoken by teachers and students and (2 to describe the types of the occurrence of English sentences, clauses, and phrases spoken by teachers and students. This study was descriptive-qualitative. The subjects were two teachers and forty-eight students of 8B and 8C in State Junior High School 1 Magelang in the school year 2010/2011. The object of this study was the transcript of teachers and students’ utterances indicating the use of English during teaching and learning process in the classroom. The data were collected through observation and audio-taped of the teaching and learning processes. The results of the study are as follows. First, the teachers’ frequencies and percentages of English sentences are 176 sentences from the total number of 220 sentences or 80%, while the students’ frequencies and percentages of English sentences are 72 sentences from the total of 92 sentences or 78.26 %. Both the teachers’ and the students’ quality of English is very good since they make only a few incorrect English sentences. Second, the four types of English sentences are declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory; the two types of clauses found in English sentences are independent clauses and dependent clauses; and the four types of phrases found in English sentences are noun phrases, verb phrases, adjective phrases, and prepositional phrases. Keywords: the use of English, pilot international standard school

  18. Cross-sectional observation of the relationship of depressive symptoms with lifestyles and parents' status among Japanese junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyakutake, Aiko; Kamijo, Tomoko; Misawa, Yuka; Washizuka, Shinsuke; Inaba, Yuji; Tsukahara, Teruomi; Nomiyama, Tetsuo

    2016-07-01

    Students' depressive symptoms might be related to their own risk factors and to their parents' status. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship of depressive symptoms with lifestyle variables and parents' psychological and socio-demographic status among Japanese junior high school students. Of 477 students and their parents, 409 (85.7 %) students and 314 (65.8 %) parents participated in the study. Students answered self-reported questionnaire on depressive symptoms, their heights and weights, subjective stress, body dissatisfaction, lifestyles including sleep duration and extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, and nutritional intake. Parents responded to questionnaire on depressive symptoms and socio-demographic status. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 24.9 %. Students with depressive symptoms were more likely to have stress. Students in shorter and longer sleep duration groups were more likely to have depressive symptoms. The students with depressive symptoms had smaller amount of energy intake than did those without depressive symptoms. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed significant relationships between students' depressive symptoms and some independent variables. Sex, subjective stress, "almost-never"-categorized extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, and having a parent with depressive symptoms were significantly associated with students' depressive symptoms. Reducing mental stress and taking care of lifestyles, especially, "almost-everyday"-categorized extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, may have benefits for students' mental health, and having a parent with depressive symptoms may be associated with students' depressive symptoms.

  19. 初中生自杀意念与抑郁的干预%Intervention Study of Suicidal Ideation and Depression for Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 徐燕; 金霞芳; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore influencing situation about suicidal ideation and depression for junior high school students through systematic psychological intervention.Methods:Stratified cluster random sampling was carried out to investigate total 609 junior high school students from one junior high middle school of Songjiang District in Shanghai.A general questionnaire, Self -rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS),Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List(ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire( TCSQ) were measured.Screening out positive people brought to the study group,systematic psychological intervention were carried for the study group for junior high school students,to compare improved situation of the variables before and after the intervention.The data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0.Results:①The annual prevalence rate of suicidal ideation for junior high school students was 14 .61%.②The prevalence rate of suicidal ideation for junior high school students was higher in those who had poor peer relationship,had suicidal family history,poor relationship with fa-ther and mother(χ2 =23.174,14.315,24.812,21.382;P<0.001).③The prevalence rate of moderate and above depression was 84.3%in those with suicidal ideation,higher than that of those without suicidal ideation(χ2 =168.402,P<0.001).④The prevalence rate of suicidal ideation of the study group after system psychological intervention was 40.43%,significantly lower than that of before intervention(χ2 =13.187,P<0.001).⑤The scores of suicidal ideation,depression,human relationship factor,study pres-sure factor and negative coping of the study group after intervention were lower than those before interven-tion,and the scores of positive coping after intervention were higher than those before intervention ( t=2.931,3.359,2.308,2.259,-2.958,2.011;P<0.05).Conclusion:Psychological intervention can re-duce suicidal ideation and depression for junior high school students.%目

  20. On the cultivation of junior high school students' logical thinking%初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康华明; 章宏

    2013-01-01

      古人常说“授人以鱼,不如授人以渔”,传授解决问题的方法比直接提供结果更有意义,在初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养上也应该如此,加强课堂上老师与学生间以及同学间的互动,培养他们积极动脑发散思维等逻辑思维能力,使他们充分认识到数学的兴趣,爱上这一学科,提高学习的动力,逻辑思维能力的培养同时也为自己生活中应变问题、解决问题提供了有力帮助,本文将围绕怎样提高初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养展开分析。%The ancients often say"it is better to teach one how to fish than give him fish", teaching methods to solve the problem is more meaningful than directly provides the result, in the training of the junior middle school mathematics students' logical thinking should also be, strengthen the classroom between teachers and students and students interaction, cultivate their positive thinking divergent thinking and logic thinking ability, so that they fully understand the interest in mathematics, fall in love with this discipline, improve the learning motivation, cultivating the ability of logical thinking but also for problems in their own lives, strain provides a powerful help to solve the problem, this paper will focus on how to improve the training of junior high school mathematics students' logical thinking.

  1. Organizing and Managing the Junior High Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    This manual provides guidelines and activities for organizing and managing junior high school classes. The first five chapters are devoted to the topic of getting ready for the beginning of the school year; the last four chapters suggest guidelines and activities that are helpful in maintaining a management system. Chapter 1 deals with organizing…

  2. Theme: Junior High and Middle School Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, John; And Others

    1994-01-01

    On the topic of agricultural education programs in middle/junior high schools, nine articles address developing self-concept, selecting materials, the benefits of agriscience contests, adopting new curricula, the role of Future Farmers of America in the development of adolescents, teaming science and agriculture, and the rationale for middle…

  3. Redskin Images. Roy Junior High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese, William M.

    The school and self-improvement programs instituted at Roy Junior High School include the development of a self-performance evaluative instrument, the incorporation of a daily 15-minute reading session, the encouragement of dance and movement education through use of visiting professionals, and implementation of a self-esteem improvement mechanism…

  4. A study on fossilization of Interlanguage and Junior High English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何传丽

    2016-01-01

    English in junior high has been an essential part for students since it's a period toestablish basic English knowledge and skills. It's necessary for teachers to study English teaching. Interlanguage is an common phenomenon on English study. This article focus on the interlanguage, the fossilization of it and the impacts of interlanguage on the junior high English teaching.

  5. Assessment System for Junior High Schools in Taiwan to Select Environmental Education Facilities and Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shyue-Yung; Chen, Wen-Te; Hsu, Wei-Ling

    2017-01-01

    Environmental education is essential for people to pursue sustainable development. In Taiwan, environmental education is taught to students until they graduate from junior high school. This study was conducted to establish an assessment system for junior high schools to select appropriate environmental education facilities and sites. A mix of…

  6. Adolescent Views of Time Management: Rethinking the School Day in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Paris S.; Strom, Robert D.; Sindel-Arrington, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    Junior high school presents a significant increase in time demands both for study and for social relationships. The students (N = 240) in grades 7 and 8 at a junior high school anonymously completed online the Time Management Poll concerning their own use of time and the way their school managed time. The 20 items in the poll allowed them to…

  7. Assessment System for Junior High Schools in Taiwan to Select Environmental Education Facilities and Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shyue-Yung; Chen, Wen-Te; Hsu, Wei-Ling

    2017-01-01

    Environmental education is essential for people to pursue sustainable development. In Taiwan, environmental education is taught to students until they graduate from junior high school. This study was conducted to establish an assessment system for junior high schools to select appropriate environmental education facilities and sites. A mix of…

  8. Adolescent Views of Time Management: Rethinking the School Day in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Paris S.; Strom, Robert D.; Sindel-Arrington, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    Junior high school presents a significant increase in time demands both for study and for social relationships. The students (N = 240) in grades 7 and 8 at a junior high school anonymously completed online the Time Management Poll concerning their own use of time and the way their school managed time. The 20 items in the poll allowed them to…

  9. The relationship of individual and family factors to the psychological well-being of junior high school students living in urban poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Haan, L G; MacDermid, S

    1998-01-01

    This study examined the contribution of individual and family factors to psychological adjustment in a sample of junior high school students living in urban poverty. Identity development and perceived parental treatment were hypothesized to serve as mediating, or protective, factors between economic hardship and levels of self-esteem, depression, and loneliness. Consistent with the hypotheses, identity development did serve as a mediator between poverty and psychological adjustment. While perceived parental treatment was not related to economic hardship, it was clearly associated with well-being in this sample. Findings are discussed in terms of the differing contributions of family and individual development, as well as the importance of mediators in assessing the effects of poverty on young adolescents.

  10. An Investigation and Analysis of Parenting Style of Junior High School Students%初中生父母教养方式的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国锋; 袁梦; 李阳

    2012-01-01

    采用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)对某中学80名学生进行抽样调查,目的是提出科学可行的初中生父母教养方式。结果:大多数初中生父母教养方式处于正常范围,父母教养方式一致性程度较高,在性别和城乡上没有显著差异,但是在父亲的惩罚、严厉维度上,非独生子女极显著高于独生子女。结论:一致性程度比较高的教养方式有利于孩子的身心健康成长;独生子女与非独生子女家庭的父母教养方式可能对两类家庭成长的孩子形成不同的心理品质。%This paper is based on a survey of junior high school students by using EMBU to investigate the parent- ing style. It finds that most of parenting style of junior school students is normal. There is a high consistency in the ed- ucating styles of father and mother and there is no remarkable difference between gender and region. However, father's educating style is corparatively more serious for the non-only child than the only child.This paper argues that the higher consistency parenting style will benefit a lot for the physical and mental health of children. The different parent- ing style in single or non- single family may bring different psychological Character in children.

  11. Bockron as a Medium of Learning in The Process of Inquiry based Learning to Improve Science Process Skills of Junior High School Students in Growth and Development Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayasari, D.

    2017-02-01

    Investigative research on Influence of bockron as a medium of learning in process of inquiry-based learning to the development of science process skills on the concept of growth and development. This research was done in an effort to follow up underdeveloped skills of observing, communicating andconclude on students. This research was conducted using classroom action research (PTK), which consisted of 3 cycles. Cycle 1 students observe differences in growth and development, cycle 2 students measure the growth rate, cycle 3 students observe factors that influence growth and development, In these three cycles is used as a planting medium bocron (bottles and dacron). It involves 8th grade junior high-school students of 14-15 years old as research subjects in six meetings. Indicators of process skill include observation, communication, interpretation and inference. Data is collected through students’ work sheets, written tests and observation. Processing of the data to see N-Gain used Microsoft Excel 2007, and the results showed that an increase in science process skills with a value of medium N-Gain (0,63). Bokron learning medium easily and cheaply obtainable around the students, particularly those in urban areas is quite difficult to get land to be used as aplanting medium. In addition to observation of growth and development, bokron media can also be used to observe the motion in plants. The use bokron as a learning medium can train and develop science process skills, attitude and scientific method also gives students concrete experience of the process of growth and development in plants.

  12. A Study of Junior Students'Cross- Culture Obstacles in English Reading Comprehension%A Study of Junior Students' Cross-Culture Obstacles in English Reading Comprehension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱雅琴

    2015-01-01

    This paper will research Junior students' cross-cultural obstacles in English reading from the perspective of culture background,Eliminating Junior students'cross-cultural barriers can improve intercultural communication competent.

  13. Application of Interactive Approach to the Teaching of English Reading in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲

    2016-01-01

    This study shows that the application of interactive approach and the training of interactive reading strategy in rural junior high schools can help the students to improve their reading competence and it is worth to explore further such an approach.

  14. Junior Secondary School Students' Conceptions about Plate Tectonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Reece; Tomas, Louisa; Lewthwaite, Brian

    2017-01-01

    There are ongoing calls for research that identifies students' conceptions about geographical phenomena. In response, this study investigates junior secondary school students' (N = 95) conceptions about plate tectonics. Student response data was generated from semi-structured interviews-about-instances and a two-tiered multiple-choice test…

  15. 离异家庭初中生心理咨询需求研究%Research on the needs of junior high school students from divorced families

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙希希

    2012-01-01

    With the divorce rate constantly rising in China, there is an increasing nurnDer o~ cnuu~e- ~ - ced families, who, as adolescent junior high school students, are much easy to encounter psychological confu- sions. To explore the psychological needs and their current status of the children from divorced families, ques- tionnaires from junior high school students in grade seven and eight in five middle schools in Shanghai are made and the data analyzed. The result suggests that children from divorced families need more parent - child communication and psychological guidance, that parents in the divorce families should give their children more care, and that schools should provide specific psychological counseling for children from divorced families in view of their psychological needs.%随着中国离婚率不断攀高,出现了越来越多的离异家庭子女,对于正处在青春期的离异家庭初中生,很容易遇到心理上的困惑。为探讨离异家庭子女的心理服务需求及现状,对上海某五所中学七年级和八年级初中生进行了问卷调查,并对数据进行统计和分析。结果发现,离异家庭子女在父母离异、亲子沟通教育和辅导等方面有更多的心理服务需求;离异家庭子女的父母在情感上应给予子女更多的关心;学校心理辅导机构应该结合离异家庭子女的心理需要,有针对性开展心理服务工作。

  16. 针对初中生课堂问题行为背后的反思%Reflections on Junior High School Students' Misbehaviors in Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴胜

    2014-01-01

    随着课堂改革的不断深入,初中生课堂问题行为层出不穷。这些违反课堂规则的问题行为妨碍及干扰课堂活动的正常进行,影响课堂教学效率,无论是对学生个人、教师,还是师生关系都产生一定程度的负面影响。导致这些课堂问题行为既有学生个人因素、教师因素,也有环境因素。在课堂管理实践中结合教育心理学,从多个角度分析课堂问题行为的实质,总结出相应的处理原则及策略。同时,对课堂教育的实施者提出更高的要求。%With the continuous deepening of class reform, junior high school students' misbehaviors in class are continuing without end. These misbehaviors in class hinder and disturb normal class activities, affect the effectiveness of classroom teaching, and have certain negative effects on students, teachers and teacher-student relationship. These behaviors are caused by students' factors, teachers' factors, as well as environmental factors. Combined with educational psychology in class management practice, this paper analyzes the essence of misbehaviors in class from multiple an-gles, and summarizes corresponding treatment principles and strategies. Meanwhile, higher requirements are proposed for the implementer of classroom education.

  17. A project-based course on Newton’s laws for talented junior high-school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langbeheim, Elon

    2015-07-01

    Research has shown that project-based learning promotes student interest in science and improves understanding of scientific content. Fostering student motivation is particularly important in accelerated science and technology programmes for talented students, which are often demanding and time-consuming. Current texts provide little guidance on ways to employ challenging, open-ended investigations in physics suitable for the more capable students. This paper presents a project-based approach for teaching Newton’s laws in a programme for talented eighth-grade students. Evidence from student work demonstrates that project-based learning is a feasible classroom practice, challenging yet fulfilling for both students and teachers.

  18. About English Listening Teaching of Junior College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童心; 李雪

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1、The listening current situation by junior college students Listening is a significant and essential area of development in the native language and in a second language.But nowadays, most of junior college students listening level are very poor.They lack a sense of the importance of learning English and lack confidence to study English well.Class time is limited, and sometimes students listen without a clear aim, therefore, we attain low effect.Teachers always ignore explaining listening skills and fostering general ana- lyzing ability, so in the course of time, it is harm to cultivate stu- dents' communicative capacity.

  19. Research on the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Self-evaluation of Junior High School Students%初中生生活满意度与自我评价的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪榴

    2014-01-01

    采用学生总体生活满意度量表和个人评价问卷,对331名初中生进行施测,探究了初中生生活满意度与自我评价的关系。结果发现初中生生活满意度与自我评价存在显著性正相关,自我评价越高,其生活满意度越高,自我评价对生活满意度具有一定的预测力。%Using student overall life satisfaction scale and indi-vidual evaluation questionnaires, 331 junior high school students were surveyed, in order to explore the relationship between life satisfaction and self-evaluation of junior high school students. It is found that there is a significant positive correlation between ju-nior high school students' life satisfaction and self-evaluation, and the higher the self-evaluation, the higher life satisfaction, and self-evaluation is of certain predictive effect on life satisfac-tion.

  20. Investigation on the Examination Anxiety of Junior High ;School Students%对初中生考试焦虑调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹响太

    2013-01-01

    Examination anxiety, a special psychological reaction of examinees to examinations, is a psychological state with anxiety as its feature, escape as its behavior and negative mood as its ex-pression. Junior high school students have many psychological problems, among which anxiety is a prominent one. Through an investigation on examination anxiety, corresponding measures are proposed in this paper.%考试焦虑是考生对考试的一种特殊的心理反应,是一种以担忧为特征、以逃避为行为方式、以消极情绪表现出来的心理状态。初中生存在很多的心理问题,焦虑问题是其中比较突出的。因此,本文通过对考试焦虑进行调查研究,以提出相应的应对措施。

  1. Mentoring Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Mathematics Research Students: Junior Faculty Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gevertz, Jana L.; Kim, Peter S.; Wares, Joanna R.

    2017-01-01

    To be successful, junior faculty must properly manage their time in the face of expanding responsibilities. One such responsibility is supervising undergraduate research projects. Student research projects (either single or multi-student) can be undertaken as a full-time summer experience, or as a part-time academic year commitment. With many…

  2. Group Guidance Services with Self-Regulation Technique to Improve Student Learning Motivation in Junior High School (JHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pranoto, Hadi; Atieka, Nurul; Wihardjo, Sihadi Darmo; Wibowo, Agus; Nurlaila, Siti; Sudarmaji

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at: determining students motivation before being given a group guidance with self-regulation technique, determining students' motivation after being given a group counseling with self-regulation technique, generating a model of group counseling with self-regulation technique to improve motivation of learning, determining the…

  3. The Impact of School Violence on Self-Esteem and Depression among Taiwanese Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ji-Kang; Wei, Hsi-Sheng

    2011-01-01

    The majority of research on the outcome of school violence has been conducted in Western countries. Empirical studies on how school violence impacts student psychological well-being in a Chinese cultural context are relatively limited. The aim of this study was to address this gap by exploring how student maltreatment by teachers, student…

  4. A study on coping patterns of junior college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya N

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to examine the coping patterns followed by the junior college students. Further, an extensive effort was done to study the gender differences in coping patterns used by the students. This study was conducted in Christ College, Bangalore and on the first and second-year students of pre-university studying in either of the branches (Bachelor of Arts, Science, or Commerce. A total of 120 samples were collected from study population of junior college students using the random sampling method. The sample comprised, 40 students from each group of Arts, Science, and Commerce, including both of the sexes. The tools such as, socio-demographic data sheet and coping checklist, were used. The study findings revealed that majority of the students adopted emotion- and problem-focused coping strategies. Most of the female students adopted emotion-focused coping strategies, whereas the male students mostly used problem-focused coping strategies.

  5. Using Phenomenology to Study how Junior and Senior High School Students in Japan Perceive their Volunteer Efforts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kayoko Ueda

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to describe the methods used in a phenomenological study aimed at understanding students' perceptions of volunteer experiences from the viewpoint of their existential meanings. In Japan, as volunteer activities have just been recently introduced to youth education, it is necessary to verify the effect of the activity on the students. The authors present phenomenological reduction, which is a fundamental concept in phenomenology, as a health care research method to elucidate the essence of people's lived experiences. The 22 statements presented from volunteer students' group discussion after their practices were redescribed by phenomenological reduction, a method of valid interpretation based on their embodiment and desire. The phenomenological approach allows us to understand the essence of students' perceptions in terms of their purpose in life, which suggests that educators could inspire the students to realize existential growth by participating in volunteer activities through practical communications with others.

  6. The implementation of multiple intelligences based teaching model to improve mathematical problem solving ability for student of junior high school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasni, Nurli; Fatimah, Siti; Yulanda, Syerli

    2017-05-01

    This research aims to achieve some purposes such as: to know whether mathematical problem solving ability of students who have learned mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model is higher than the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning; to know the improvement of the mathematical problem solving ability of the student who have learned mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model., to know the improvement of the mathematical problem solving ability of the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning; to know the attitude of the students to Multiple Intelligences based teaching model. The method employed here is quasi-experiment which is controlled by pre-test and post-test. The population of this research is all of VII grade in SMP Negeri 14 Bandung even-term 2013/2014, later on two classes of it were taken for the samples of this research. A class was taught using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model and the other one was taught using cooperative learning. The data of this research were gotten from the test in mathematical problem solving, scale questionnaire of the student attitudes, and observation. The results show the mathematical problem solving of the students who have learned mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model learning is higher than the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning, the mathematical problem solving ability of the student who have learned mathematics using cooperative learning and Multiple Intelligences based teaching model are in intermediate level, and the students showed the positive attitude in learning mathematics using Multiple Intelligences based teaching model. As for the recommendation for next author, Multiple Intelligences based teaching model can be tested on other subject and other ability.

  7. A Study on the Development of Social Thinking Abilities and Judgment Abilities in Junior High School Students I : Through the Analysis of the Questionnaire Using Contents of the History

    OpenAIRE

    梅津, 正美; 加藤, 寿朗; 前田, 健一; 新見,直子; 大島, 悟; 竹崎, 葉子; 原, 義昭; 前島, 美佐江

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study is to clarify developmental transformations in social perception through a developmental survey which focuses on social thinking abilities and judgment abilities in junior high school students. This survey and analysis, while assuming social thinking abilities and judgment abilities in the context of social sciences to be composed of the five elements of actual judgment abilities, inductive inference abilities, deductive reasoning abilities, social judgment abiliti...

  8. Teachers' Oral Corrective Feedback and Its Influence on Learner Uptake in the Classes of Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Minority Stu-dents in Xinjiang Junior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yao-yao

    2016-01-01

    The present study explored the features and the effectiveness of teachers' oral CF in the classrooms of Teaching Eng-lish as a Foreign Language (TEFL) for minority students in Xinjiang junior high schools. The analytical framework of this study consulted Lyster's (1998) coding scheme. 720 minutes of classroom observation were recorded and transcribed. The database was coded and the distribution of errors, CF and uptake was analyzed.

  9. SWIMMING CLASSES IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ OPINION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Bielec

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of modern physical education is not only to develop motor abilities of the students, but most of all prevent them from epidemic youth diseases such as obesity or postural defects. Positive attitudes to swimming as a long-life physical activity, instilled in adolescence should be beneficial in adult life. The group of 130 boys and 116 girls of 7th grade junior high school (mean age 14.6 was asked in the survey to present their opinion of obligatory swimming lessons at school. Students of both sexes claimed that they liked swimming classes because they could improve their swimming skills (59% of answers and because of health-related character of water exercises (38%. 33% of students regarded swimming lessons as boring and monotonous, and 25% of them complained about poor pool conditions like chlorine smell, crowded lanes, too low temperature. Majority of the surveyed students saw practical role of swimming in saving others life.

  10. Relationships between Perceived Parental Involvement in Homework, Student Homework Behaviors, and Academic Achievement: Differences among Elementary, Junior High, and High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, J. C.; Suárez, N.; Rosário, P.; Vallejo, G.; Valle, A.; Epstein, J. L.

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to produce a deeper understanding of the relationship between perceived parental homework involvement (i.e., parental homework control and parental homework support), student homework behaviors (i.e., time spend on homework completion, time management, and amount of homework completed), and student academic achievement. Using…

  11. 初中生数学学力测试结果的中日比较及其启示%Comparison and Inspiration for Mathematical Aptitude Test between Chinese and Japanese Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑文; 齐国彪

    2012-01-01

    In order to know the current mathematical aptitude situation of Chinese junior high school students, the mathematical aptitude test question for Japanese junior high school students in 2009 is used for testing a part of third-grade junior high school students in Jilin province, in this paper. The result shows that, average level of mathematical aptitude of junior high school students in our country is higher than Japanese. In addition, the polarity of ours is smaller than them. However, on expression and processing of mathematics, our students are weak than Japanese. Some of Chinese junior high school students, whose understanding on depth and breadth of some mathematical concepts, principles and rules are not enough. Furthermore, our ability on flexible use of knowledge and skills are poor. Therefore, Mathematical education in China should focus on basic mathematical concepts, principles and rules. Moreover, training of mathematical communication skills, and establishing a correct and comprehensive view of the mathematical aptitude should be seriously focused.%运用日本2009年初中数学学力测试题,对吉林省部分初中三年级学生进行测试,以了解中国初中生数学学力的现状.结果表明:中国初中生数学学力的平均水平高于日本,但在“数学地表达和处理问题”方面,中国学生不如日本.中国部分初中生对某些数学概念、原理和法则理解的深度和广度不够,在知识和技能灵活运用方面欠佳.因此,中国初中数学教学应重视学生对基本数学概念、原理和法则的理解;重视培养学生的数学交流能力;重视学生全面学力的培养.

  12. The Effect of Diet on Learning of Junior High School Students in Mashhad, North-east of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Since nutrition, especially in childhood and adolescence is an important effect on intelligence and learning, so that malnutrition delayed to later periods of life, so that these people during the course of studies, will have many problems, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutrition on student learning. Materials and Methods This study was a cross-sectional study  that was conducted. The sample size was  all students that studying in a boarding school in  five d...

  13. Nutrition education based on health belief model improves dietary calcium intake among female students of junior high schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naghashpour, Mahshid; Shakerinejad, Ghodratollah; Lourizadeh, Mohammad Reza; Hajinajaf, Saeedeh; Jarvandi, Farzaneh

    2014-09-01

    This study examined the effects of a nutrition education programme based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of dietary calcium in female students. In this interventional study, 188 students were placed into intervention (95) and control (93) groups. The intervention group participated in a nutrition education programme. Students in both the groups completed KAP and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline and after two and three months of follow-up respectively. The data were analyzed by independent and paired t-tests. Those who received the intervention were found to have better attitude (p=0.049) and practice (p=0.005) scores compared to the controls. The HBM constructs, including perceived susceptibility (p=0.006), perceived severity (p=0.001), perceived benefits (p=0.002), perceived barriers (p=0.001), and taking health action (p=0.02) scores, were also significantly higher. The findings support the effectiveness of nutrition education based on the HBM in improving the knowledge, attitude, and practice relating to calcium intake among adolescent students.

  14. On Strategies of Improving Junior High School Students’ Oral English Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗茜

    2015-01-01

    With the increasingly frequent international exchanges,English,as an international language,has been attached greater importance.The oral English ability of junior high school students plays an indispensable role in their everyday study and social interaction,and it is the present junior school study that can lay a solid foundation for their future study and life.Therefore,to comprehensively improve their oral English ability is in urgent need and of paramount significance.This paper focuses on analyzing the external and internal factors influencing the cultivation of junior high school students’oral English ability,and put forwards the corresponding cultivating strategies of the oral English ability of junior high school students.

  15. The Application of Lead-in in Junior High School English Teaching%The Application of Lead- in in Junior High School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹华清

    2016-01-01

    Lead-in, a way of leading students to study, is the warming-up of the whole teaching process, which aims at getting students into the best state of study in the shortest possible time. Combined with contents from Go for It, this paper mainly deals with the requirements and methods of lead-in for stimulating junior high students' learning interest. In English class, scientific methods of lead-in can easily attract students' attention and stimulate their strong interests.

  16. The relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept%初中生人际关系的发展及其与自我概念的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林巧明; 石向实

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept.Method Middle school students interpersonal questionnaire and TSCS were used to survey 2189 junior high school students.Findings Different relationships of grade main effect was found remarkable( F=44.98,P<0.01).Significant differences were found of junior middle school students self concept(F=12.04,P<0.01);Significant correlation was found between different types of interpersonal relationship and self concept(r =0.533,P<0. 01) .Conclusion Junior high school students have good partner relations.The relationship between teachers and students and parent-child relationship development level are low.Junior high school students’ interpersonal relationship development is positively correlated to their self concept.%目的:调查初中生人际关系的情况以及与自我概念的关系。方法采用中学生人际关系调查问卷与田纳西自我概念量表,对2187名初中生进行问卷调查。结果不同人际关系的年级主效应显著(F=44.98,P<0.01);初中生的自我概念存在显著差异( F=12.04,P<0.01);不同类型的人际关系与自我概念显著相关( r=0.533,P<0.01)。结论初中生的同伴关系发展较好,师生关系和亲子关系发展水平较低;初中生人际关系与自我概念显著正相关。

  17. Phoenix Union High School System Freshmen and Juniors Look at High School, November 1974/April 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Coleen

    The Upperclassmen Look at High School Survey was administered in April 1975 to randomly selected junior classes, along with the Vocabulary section of the Iowa Test of Educational Development. This survey was administered, along with the freshman survey in October, as a check on student attitude toward the following: new educational concepts,…

  18. Different Demotivators for Japanese Junior High and High School Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Yo

    2011-01-01

    Motivation has been studied throughout the field of language acquisition for the past 20 years. Demotivation has also been researched in Japan at primarily the university and high school level. To provide a deeper understanding of demotivation for Japanese junior and senior high school learners, this study explores the following three questions.…

  19. Mathematics Anxiety among Ghanaian Students: A Case Study of Students of Kinbu Senior High/Technical School, Accra and Hermann-Gmeiner SOS Junior High School, Tema

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this was to find out the reason for low performance in West African Examinations Council final examination in Core Mathematics. The exploratory research design was used for the study. A population of two hundred (200) students; 100 females and males in a breakdown of 50 males and 50 females from SHS and 50 males and 50 females from JHS…

  20. A Manual for Teaching English to Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓燕; 郭鸿雁

    2012-01-01

    With the globalization of world economy, English learning becomes popular in every corner of every country. But there are many problems and difficulties in English teaching and learning, especially for the beginners. Therefore, the author of this paper designed this manual foe teaching her future students in junior middle school.

  1. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kai-Yang; Wu, Min-Chen; Tung, Shu-Chin; Hsieh, City C; Yao, Hsueh-Hua; Ho, Chien-Chang

    2017-01-15

    The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine.School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium) and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents' physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI), bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump). Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed significantly in

  2. The Relationships among Emotional intelligence, Parent-child attachment and Friendship quality of Junior high school students%初中生情绪智力、亲子依恋与友谊质量的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐雪梅

    2013-01-01

    Selecting 600 junior students, we take the Friendship Quality Questionnaire, Emotional Intelligence Scale and Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment to investigate the relationships among emotional intelligence, parent-child attachment and friendship quality of Junior high school students. The research results show that the junior students’ friendship quality is at a high level. Friendship quality and emotional intelligence have significant positive correlation. Friendship quality and parent-child attachment have significant positive correlation. Emotional intelligence has a positive prediction function of friendship. Parent-child attachment quality has a positive prediction function of friendship.%  选取初一到初三学生600名,采用青少年友谊质量问卷、情绪智力问卷和亲子问卷探讨初中生情绪智力、亲子依恋与友谊质量的关系。研究结果表明:初中生友谊质量处于较高水平;初中生友谊质量与情绪智力存在显著正相关;初中生友谊质量和亲子依恋存在显著正相关;情绪智力对友谊质量有正向预测作用;亲子依恋对友谊质量有正向预测作用。

  3. Development of Teaching Materials Based Interactive Scientific Approach towards the Concept of Social Arithmetic For Junior High School Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abadi, M. K.; Pujiastuti, H.; Assaat, L. D.

    2017-02-01

    The scientific approach is the characteristic of the curriculum 2013. In learning to use a scientific approach, learning process consists of five stages: observe, ask, try, reasoning and convey. In the curriculum 2013 the source of learning is a book, print media, electronic and about nature or relevant learning resources. Most of the print instructional materials on the market does not appropriate in the curriculum 2013. Teaching materials with a scientific approach, beside that to the teaching materials should motivate students to not be lazy, do not get bored, and more eager to learn mathematics. So the development of scientific-based interactive teaching materials that if this approach to answer the challenge. The purpose of this research is to create teaching materials appropriate to the curriculum 2013 that is based on scientific approach and interactive. This study used research and developed methodology. The results of this study are scientific based interactive teaching materials can be used by learners. That can be used by learners are then expected to study teaching materials can be used in android smartphone and be used portable.

  4. ENGLISH TASK TO DEVELOP THE STUDENTS’ COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE: A STUDY OF EDUKATIF WORK BOOK FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Rohma Wati

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study is mainly intended to find out the extent to which tasks in English work books are designed to develop the students’ communicative competence. The objective of this study is to describe how the tasks in Edukatif work books are designed to develop students’ discourse competence, linguistic competence, actional competence, sociolinguistic competence, and strategic competence. This study is a qualitative research which involves content analysis approach. The data are the tasks in Edukatif work books used by eight grade students of the first and second semester. In collecting the data, the writer uses documentation method. The data analysis used Huberman and Miles’ concept which involves data reduction, data display and verification. The findings show that among the five competences and its components of communicative com- petence, some components are not well developed in the work books. The tasks develop all components of discourse competence except one aspect in linguistic competence, that is, phonology. The tasks develop all components of actional competence except the speech act. The tasks develop components of sociolinguistic competence except the cultural and non-verbal communicative factor. The tasks develop only one component of strategic competence, that is, time gaining strategy. The conclusion is that the tasks in Edukatif work books are sufficient to develop the students’ discourse, linguistic, and actional competence. The tasks, however, are not sufficient to develop students’ sociolinguistic and strategic competence.

  5. Junior High Computer Literacy. Curriculum Guide=L'Informatique au Secondaire 7-8-9. Guide Pedagogique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

    This curriculum guide provides information in both English and French for the teaching of computer literacy in junior high schools in the Canadian province of Alberta. A basic introductory course developed in response to the need to acquaint junior high school students with a general understanding of computers and their use, the program for grades…

  6. Educational Progression in Ghana: Gender and Spatial Variations in Longitudinal Trajectories of Junior High School Completion Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansong, David; Alhassan, Mustapha

    2016-01-01

    Completion of junior high school is a critical milestone in every Ghanaian child's educational trajectory and a critical step toward the transition to higher education. However, the rate of children completing junior high school still lags behind most educational indicators in Ghana. Far more attention is paid to ensuring that students enroll in…

  7. Junior High Computer Literacy. Curriculum Guide=L'Informatique au Secondaire 7-8-9. Guide Pedagogique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

    This curriculum guide provides information in both English and French for the teaching of computer literacy in junior high schools in the Canadian province of Alberta. A basic introductory course developed in response to the need to acquaint junior high school students with a general understanding of computers and their use, the program for grades…

  8. 小组工作介入农村留守初中生自我控制的应用研究%Team work in the rural left-behind junior high school students self control of application research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡远飞

    2015-01-01

    对于留守初中生来说,影响其生活的心理品质更多地取决于自我控制的强弱,但留守的境况中家庭教育缺失很容易导致自我控制能力的缺乏。基于此,特对留守初中生自我控制能力的提高进行研究,通过制定小组方案计划在贵州省瓮安县Y中学开展社会工作实务,运用小组工作的专业方法来提高农村留守初中生的自我控制能力,提出小组方法在提高留守初中生自我控制能力应用上的适应性和有效性。研究和实践显示:小组工作方法适用于相关的教育和管理实践活动,它对于留守初中生的自我控制能力的提高有着切实的积极意义。%For the left-behind junior middle school students, affect their psychological quality of life more depends on the strength of the self-control, but staying in the circumstances of the lack of family education could easily lead to the lack of self-control. Based on this, the improvement of left-behind junior high school students self control ability is studied, through formulating the plan of team project in Guizhou province Weng 'an Y schools of social work practice, using professional team work method to raise rural left-behind junior high school students self control ability, group method is put forward to raise the left-behind junior middle school students self-control adaptability and effectiveness of the application. Research and practice shows that: group work method is suitable for the education and management practice, it rises to the self-control ability of left-behind junior middle school students had a positive practical significance.

  9. The effect of Using Mind Mapping and Learning Styles to Geography Learning outcomes of Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Purwoko

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Penggunaan Peta Pikiran dan Gaya Belajar terhadap Hasil Belajar Geografi Siswa SMP Abstract: This study aimed to determine the effect of the use of mind maps, learning styles and inter-action using a mind map learning style on geography learning outcomes. This study was a quasi-experimental study, with a 2 x 3 factorial design study subject consisted of two classes of class VII G as experimental class and class VII F as a control class. Variables consisted of: (1 the dependent variable is the student learning outcomes; (2 the independent variable is the use of mind maps; and (3 is the moderator variable learning styles. Geography learning outcomes were measured using an objective test, whereas learning styles with questionnaires. Measurement data are then analyzed using ANOVA two paths with SPSS v.7. Results of data analysis using ANOVA two path showed that: (1 the use of mind maps significantly effect on learning outcomes geography; (2 learning style does not significantly affect the results of learning geography; and (3 there is no interaction between the use of mind maps and learning style on learning outcomes. Key Words: mind maps, learning styles, learning outcomes   Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan peta pikiran, gaya belajar dan interaksi penggunaan peta pikiran dengan gaya belajar terhadap hasil belajar geografi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu, dengan desain faktorial 2 x 3. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari dua kelas yaitu kelas VII G sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VII F sebagai kelas kontrol. Variabel penelitian terdiri dari: (1 variabel terikat adalah hasil belajar siswa; (2 variabel bebas adalah pengguna-an peta pikiran; dan (3 variabel moderator adalah gaya belajar. Hasil belajar geografi diukur menggunakan tes objektif, sedangkan gaya belajar dengan angket. Data hasil pengukuran dianalisis menggunakan anova dua jalur dengan bantuan SPSS v.7. Hasil analisis data

  10. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kai-Yang; Wu, Min-Chen; Tung, Shu-Chin; Hsieh, City C.; Yao, Hsueh-Hua; Ho, Chien-Chang

    2017-01-01

    The relationship between students’ school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine. School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium) and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents’ physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI), bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump). Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed significantly in

  11. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai-Yang Lo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between students’ school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total in grades seven to nine.School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents’ physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI, bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump. Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed

  12. Dietary behavior of junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City%北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解2012年北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为现状及差异,为制定相应干预措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取北京市房山区中学生共1 710名,采用“北京市青少年健康相关行为调查问卷”进行调查.结果 北京市房山区高中生大量喝饮料、在西式快餐店、路边摊用餐和偏食等不健康饮食行为的报告率(30.1%、1.4%、4.5%、42.2%)高于初中生(22.0%、0.3%、0.8%、32.4%);初中生每天吃新鲜水果、蔬菜和每天吃早餐、喝一杯牛奶等健康饮食行为的报告率(53.2%、80.0%、71.4%、30.7%)高于高中生(35.0%、34.6%、21.0%、19.0%).母亲文化程度越高,初中生健康饮食行为越多,不健康饮食行为越少;高中生母亲文化程度越高,无论健康还是不健康饮食行为也越多.结论 该区中学生学段越高不健康饮食行为越多,母亲的文化程度对初中生和高中生存在不同的影响.%[Objective] To understand the eating habit status and differences between junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City in 2012, and provide scientific evidence for developing interventions accordingly. [Methods] A total of 1 719 high school students were recruited for investigation of "Beijing Adolescent Health Behavior Questionnaire" in Fangshan District of Beijing City. [ Results ] The investigation showed that for heavy consumption of beverage, western-style fast-food restaurants, street vendors dining and being choosy about one's food, the unhealthy eating habit reported rates of senior high school students(30. 1% , 1.4% , 4.5% , 42.2% , respectively) were higher than those of junior high school students(22.0% , 0. 3% , 0. 8% , 32.4% , respectively) ; while for daily consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables , breakfast and a glass of milk, the healthy eating habit reported rates of junior high school students (53.2% ,80.0% , 71.4% , 30.7% , respectively) were

  13. A Study on Metacognitive Strategies and Autonomous Learning Ability of Junior High School Students%元认知策略训练与初中生自主学习能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 芦文俊

    2012-01-01

    部分初中生在学习上缺乏有效的学习策略,自我管理学习能力欠缺,自主学习水平偏低。作为一种学习策略,元认知策略的使用水平体现了学生自主学习能力的发展水平。为探索元认知策略训练在培养初中生英语自主学习能力方面的作用及影响,笔者对陕西省户县某中学九年级学生进行了调查。结果表明,实验后,学生的元认知策略使用水平、学习自主性以及语言水平都有大幅度提升,多数学生在学习中能够有效制定学习计划,监控学习过程,评价学习效果,学习自觉性有了很大的提高。%Some junior high school students lack effective learning strategies and the ability of self-control. Their level of autonomous learning need to be improved. This paper aims at exploring the effects and influences of the metacoguitive strategy training on the development of the autonomous learning ability of junior high school students. The author conducted an experiment on the students of two classes in grade nine in a junior school. The result indicates that the use of metacognitive strategies has improved these students significantly on the English autonomous learning ability and the language competence after the students accepted training in metacognitive strategies.

  14. 初中生自杀意念与生活事件及家庭环境的关系%Relationship between suicidal ideation and life events, family environment among junior high school students.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬冬; 刘金同; 史高岩; 杨楹; 张燕; 王旸

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨初中生自杀意念的现状及自杀意念与家庭环境特征、负性生活事件的关系.方法 采用自杀意念自评量表、青少年生活事件量表、家庭环境量表及一般情况调查问卷,调查济南市初中生共830人.结果 初中生年自杀意念检出率10.7%,且随着年级的增高呈上升的趋势(P<0.05).有无自杀意念两组在生活事件量表及家庭环境量表各因子上有显著性差异(P<0.05).自杀意念的影响因素包括:学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、其他因子、亲密度、知识性、独立性、矛盾性及道德宗教观.结论 初中生自杀意念的发生与不良的家庭环境、负性生活事件有密切的关系.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of suicide ideation on junior high school students and its relations with negative life events and family environment.Methods A total of 830 junior high school students from Jinan were assessed with self - rating idea of suicide scale ( SIOSS), adolescent self - rating life events checklist (ASLEC) ,family environment scale (FES).Results 10.7% junior high school students had suicidal ideation in the past year, and the prevelence of suicidal ideation significantly increased with the age.The scores of ASLEC, FES were significantly different between students with suicidal ideation and students without suicidal ideation (P < 0.05 ).The influencing factors of suicidal ideation included academic stress, punishment of parental and school discipline style, other life events factor, cohesion, conflict, independence, intellectual - cultural orientation, moral - religious emphasis.Conclusion Suicidal ideation are more likely emerge in junior high school students who experienced more negative life events and had unhealthy family environment.

  15. Promoting of Thematic-Based Integrated Science Learning on the Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pursitasari, Indarini Dwi; Nuryanti, Siti; Rede, Amran

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to explain the effect of thematic based integrated science learning to the student's critical thinking skills and character. One group pretest-posttest design is involving thirty students in one of the junior high school in the Palu city. A sample was taken using purposive sampling. Data of critical thinking skills…

  16. Epidemiology of a Tuberculosis Outbreak in a South Carolina Junior High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacks, Jeffrey J.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Presents a case study of a tuberculosis outbreak in which a rural South Carolina seventh-grade student with infectious cavitary, pulmonary tuberculosis was implicated as the source of infections in 40 percent of the junior high-school student body. (KH)

  17. Geography of the Olympic Games: A Geographic Learning Activity for Upper Elementary and Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgman, Leonard; Lennert, James W.

    1996-01-01

    Presents a learning activity for students in upper elementary and junior high schools that capitalizes on the appeal of the Olympic Games. Using statistical information on the Games, students are asked to generate world maps indicating medal-winning countries. Includes sample Olympic data and maps. (DSK)

  18. The Relationship between Frustration Tolerance and Parenting Style of Rural Junior High School Students%农村初中生挫折承受力与父母教养方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相青; 王苗苗; 常瑞华; 宋玉萍

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To learn the basic situation of rural junior high school students frustration tolerance and its relationship with parenting style .Methods :The Egna Minnen av Barndoms uppfostran - own memories of parental (EMBU )and the rural junior high school students frustration tolerance scale were used in 155 students in one rural junior high school .Results :① The frustration tolerance differences in different grade were not significant ,the third grade was higher than the first ,the frustration endurance level of the second grade was the lowest .There were dis‐tinctive differences of the frustration tolerance in gender (P < 0 .05) .② Parents in emotional warmth and understand‐ing were positively related with frustration tolerance (r = 0 .195 ,0 .240 ;P < 0 .05) .Parents in punishment and harsh(r= ‐0 .331 ,‐0 .302) ,excessive interference(r = ‐0 .262 ,r = ‐0 .266) ,refused to deny (r = ‐0 .311 ,‐0 .230) ,preference(r= ‐0 .237 ,‐0 .230)were negatively related with frustration tolerance .③ Father’s punishment and harsh(R2 = 0 .110) , mother’s emotional warmth and understanding (R2 = 0 .025)could significantly predict frustration tolerance of rural junior high school students .Conclusion :The frustration tolerance is higher in girls than that in boys rural junior high school students ;Parenting style can predict rural junior high students'frustration tolerance .%目的:了解农村初中生挫折承受力的基本状况,并探讨其与父母教养方式的关系。方法:使用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU )和中学生挫折承受力问卷对山东省某农村中学155名学生进行问卷调查。结果:①农村初中生挫折承受力总体上年级差异不显著。女生与男生的挫折承受力间差异显著(t =2.208,P <0.05);②温暖理解的父母教养方式与初中生挫折承受力呈正相关(r =0.195,0.240),严厉惩罚(r =‐0.331,‐0.302

  19. 初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩的关系研究%Relationship between subjective well-being of junior high school students and their academic achievement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利钧; 杜东东

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩是否相关以及主观幸福感是否存在年级、性别、成绩及学校差异,为初中生心理健康教育提供依据.方法 采用分层抽样法选取大同市两所中学里的150名初中生作为研究对象,利用总体幸福感量表(General Well Being Schedule,Fazio,1977,简称GWB)进行间卷调查,将调查数据与每个同学的期中考试成绩一同用SPSS11.5进行相关分析、方差分析、方差齐性检验、t检验等.结果 初中生主观幸福感较高,男生均分为79.75,女生均分为79.88分(全国常模男性为75分,女性为71分);初中生主观幸福感不存在年级、性别、成绩及学校差异;他们的主观幸福感与学业成绩呈负相关,且与单科的语文成绩呈负相关,差异具有统计学意义,相关系数为一0.183 (P< 0.05).结论 初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩呈负相关;学业成绩优异的初中生,其主观幸福感反而较低,应引起足够的重视.%OBJECTIVE To research on the relationship between satisfaction and academic achievement, and whether there is significant difference in the satisfaction between different grade, sex, academic achievement and schools, so as to provide scientific basis for mental health of junior high school students. METHODS 150 junior high students from the two middle schools of Datong were selected by using stratified sampling method, and they were investigated with General Well Being Schedule (General Well Being Schedule, Fazio, 1977, referred to GWB), and the results of the investigation and the midterm exam scores of 150 junior high students were analyzed with SPSS 11.5. The analysts included correlation analysis, variance analysis, homogeneity of variance test, T test and so on. RESULTS Junior high school students had higher scores of subjective well-being, and the average score of male was 79.75 and 79.88 in females (the national norm score of subjective well-being for males was75

  20. Teaching Human Sexuality in Junior High School: An Interdisciplinary Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapp, Lucy; And Others

    1980-01-01

    An experimental sex education program designed for the junior high school adolescent is described. The program's goal is to affect primary prevention of adolescent pregnancy and other problems related to adolescent sexuality. (Author/JMF)

  1. 初中生二语学习内部动机调查研究%An Investigation into the L2 Intrinsic Motivation of Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦希根

    2011-01-01

    学习动机作为一种非智力因素对学生学习具有重要影响,本文通过对来自新乡市两所初中学校的180名学生进行调查,发现初中生二语内部动机普遍较弱,并且男生的二语内部动机要稍弱于女生。针对这一调查结果,笔者建议教师应在日常英语教学中,采取积极有效的措施,如提高学生的二语能力感、日常教学中向学生传授有效的学习策略以及引导学生学会合作学习等,努力提升学生学习英语的能力感和自主感,以此提高学生的二语内部动机。%All investigation into L2 intrinsic motivation of junior high school students was carried out among 180 students fi'om two junior high schools in Xinxiang City. The results show that the L2 intrinsic motivation of junior high school students is generally weak, and the L2 intrinsic motivation of the boys is slightly weaker than that of the girls. The teachers need to take effective measures to enhance students' L2 perceived competence and perceived autonomy to cultivate their L2 intrinsic motivation.

  2. Junior High School Students' Motivation Regulation Strategies and Their Relationship with Math Scores%初中生学习动机调节策略及其与数学成绩的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎丹丹; 李肖静; 唐丽洁

    2015-01-01

    本研究采取方便取样方法,使用《初中生动机调节策略问卷》对河南省176名初中生进行施测。结论:初中生对于动机调节策略的使用频率基本处于中等水平,平均分在2.95到3.66之间。男女生在总平均分及各个维度的平均分上,女生都优于男生。动机调节策略总平均分、表现目标唤起维度平均得分对数学成绩有显著的正向预测效应。%This study adopted convenience sampling method and made a survey among 176 junior high school students in He'nan Province using a "Junior High School Students Motivation Regulation Strategies Questionnaire". Conclusion:The frequency of junior high school students using motiva-tion regulation strategies is substantially at the middle level, with the average score between 2.95 and 3.66. In the over-all average and the average score for each dimension, the girls are better than boys. The total average score of using motivation regulation strategies, and average score of perfor-mance targets arousal dimension have significantly positive predictive effect on the math scores.

  3. 农村初中英语学困生自信心的干预研究%Interference Study on the Confidence of Students with Learning Difficulties in English in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟; 苏静

    2012-01-01

    We categorized 28 students with learning difficuhies in English from a rural junior high school into experimental and control group randomly, and carried out group guidance for nine times, and measured their confidence before and after the group guid- ance, to explore if the confidence intervention - oriented group guidance have a positive impact on the academic achievements of students with learning difficulties in rural junior school. After the group guidance, the confidence of the experimental group has been improved obviously, and students has made certain progress in English. So, the confidence intervention - oriented group guidance has positive intervention effect on rural junior school students with learning difficulties in English.%我们将某农村中学28名英语学困生随机分为实验组与对照组,并对实验组进行9次团体辅导,在实施团体辅导前后采用自信心量表进行测量,探讨以自信心干预为主的团体辅导是否对农村初中英语学困生的成绩有积极影响。团体辅导后,实验组被试的自信心水平显著提高,且英语学习成绩取得一定的进步。所以,以自信心干预为主的团体辅导对农村初中英语学困生具有积极的干预效果。

  4. La sexualidad en adolescentes de la secundaria básica "Viet Nam" Sexuality of adolescent students in "Viet Nam" junior high school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Puentes Rizo

    2012-12-01

    conducted in 12 to 15 years-old adolescent students from "Viet Nam" junior high school located in Arroyo Naranjo municipality, during 2010 and 2011. The universe of study was 296 students from whom 150 finally made up the sample. They were randomly selected to complete 50 students representing each grade. A survey validated by the Ministry of Education served to collect information. All the participants gave their consent to be included in the study. Results: males and 15 years-old adolescents prevailed. The onset of sexual relations occurred at the age of 14 years for boys and 15 years for girls. Seventy two (56.69 % adolescents used condom in their first sexual intercourse. The main channels of information were the parents, the professors and the TV programs. There were greater knowledge on HIV-aids, gonorrhea, and syphilis than on herpes simple and Chlamydia. Condom was the most common and known contraceptive method. Conclusions: this study showed the early onset of sexual relations and the poor knowledge about biological and natural contraceptive methods, which might point to the importance of the family, particularly the parents, the professors and the family physicians, in the increase and continuation of the educational work with the young people in terms of sexuality.

  5. 网络对初中生社会化的消极影响及对策%Negative Influences of the Network on Junior High School Students' Socialization and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海鑫

    2013-01-01

    The Internet is developing rapidly due to its various characteristics, but it also influences junior high school students' socialization from several aspects. This paper aims to reveal the negative influences of the network on junior high school students' socialization and proposes coping strategies. Adopting question-naire method, this paper surveys on 250 Grade one and two stu-dents from a certain middle school of Shandong.%互联网以其渗透性、虚拟性、交互性、非群体性的特点快速发展,对处于社会化重要阶段的初中生产生了诸多影响。本研究旨在揭示网络对该群体社会化的消极影响并提出应对策略。研究采用问卷法,以山东某中学为例,调查了初一、初二两个年级共250名学生。分析表明初中生对网络的片面认识较易导致网络失范行为,且网络上的不良表现与现实生活中的不良行为数量上呈正相关。

  6. The Davis Junior High Global Warming Project and Bike/Walk to School Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, A.; Anastasio, C.; Niemeier, D.; Scow, K.

    2007-12-01

    Junior high school students in Davis, CA, were targeted in an outreach project combining interactive and hands- on information about global warming and carbon footprints with a bike/walk to school challenge. The project was conducted by the Kearney Foundation of Soil Science, the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources and the John Muir Institute of the Environment at the University of California Davis. Approximately 70 undergraduates, graduate students, post-doc researchers, faculty and staff from UCD and the town of Davis were involved. Workshops were held in the 7th, 8th and 9th grade science classes in Davis' 3 junior high schools, reaching a total of 1700 students. Each 50-minute presentation consisted of a Global Warming Jeopardy game, followed by individual calculation of carbon footprints oriented towards a junior high school student. Biking or walking to school, instead commuting by car, was introduced as an important and feasible activity that could reduce one's carbon footprint. Working with staff from each junior high, students were then challenged to increase biking or walking to school during a 2 week Bike/Walk to School Challenge . UCD students and staff monitored automobile commuting (# cars, idle time) and bike use during this time and provided incentives for biking or walking . All schools were recognized for efforts to reduce their carbon footprints, and the concept was reinforced at the start of the following school year by planting a tree at each school.

  7. 初中生师生关系对学业成绩的影响研究%A Correlation Analysis of Teacher-Student Relationship and Academic Achievement in Junior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝歌; 姜涛

    2009-01-01

    本研究采用自编问卷,选取384名初中生为被试,考察初中生师生关系的特点以及与学业成绩的关系.研究表明:(1)初中生师生关系主要表现为亲密性、依赖性、冲突性三个维度;(2)师生关系在冲突性上年级差异极其显著,在亲密性、依赖性上不显著;(3)师生关系与学业成绩为显著正相关,在冲突性方面差异显著,在亲密性、依赖性方面差异不显著.因此,建立良好的师生关系,有助于减少师生之间的冲突;建立相互尊重、相互信任的师生关系,有利于促进学生的学业成绩.%This resarch employed a self-questionnaire to test 384 junior high school students in order to investigate the characteristics of teacher-student relationship in junior high schools and its relationship with academic achievement. This research indicats: ( 1 ) teacher-student relationship in junior high schools mainly lies in three aspects: intimacy; dependence; conflict. (2) In different grades, the relationship between teachers and students is fairly notable in conflict, but not in intimacy and dependence. (3) Teacher-student relationship and academic achievement are closely related; the differences in conflict are significant, but those in intimacy and dependence are not. Therefore, establishing a good relationship with and students is helpful to reduce the conflict with them, and set up a good, mutually reliable relationship between teachers and students, is also lecpful to promote students' academic achievement.

  8. Educational Goals of Teachers in Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Classes in Elementary and Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Yisrael

    1993-01-01

    Teachers of low-achieving homogeneous, high-achieving homogeneous, and academically heterogeneous classes in elementary and junior high schools in Israel were interviewed to determine their allegiance to academic, personal, and social goals for students. In contrast to results of U.S. research, academic goals dominated for teachers in all…

  9. The Post-Junior High School Education of Migrant Children in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Dongping; Wang, Qi

    2013-01-01

    Attention is being paid to the problem of migrant children in Beijing accessing education after junior high school. Because Beijing students generally do not want a vocational education, the availability of such education in Beijing is shrinking. But a survey indicates a high demand and desire among the children of migrant workers for a vocational…

  10. 初中语文教学中发展学生创造思维能力浅探%Development of Students' Creative Thinking Ability in Junior High School Chinese Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒悦红

    2014-01-01

    创造思维能力是学生思维能力中最重要和最高级的能力,本文拟从初中语文教学中课堂情境的创设、语文课外活动的开展、学生思维方式的训练三个方面谈谈如何发展学生的创造思维能力。%Creative thinking ability is the most important and the most advanced capabilities of students' thinking ability, this paper from a junior high school language teaching in the classroom context creation, to carry out language extracurricular activities, training of students to talk about three aspects of the way of thinking of how to develop students' creative thinking capacity.

  11. Junior High School Mathematics Teaching Should Reflect Students-Oriented Ideas%初中数学教学应体现学生主体理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱卸祥

    2011-01-01

    新课程实施已多年,然而现实的初中数学课堂,很多教师还是以讲为主,不注重学生思维、知识的形成过程,特别是在常态课的教学中更为严重。因而很有必要谈谈数学课堂教学中以学生为主体的理念。%New curriculum has been in use for years, but in junior high school mathematics classrooms, many teachers are still busying imparting, ignoring developing studnets' thinking and knowledge acquisition ability. This is especially seen in normal teachings. H

  12. Research of Social Behavior of Junior High School Students with Learning Disabilities%学习困难初中生社会行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳; 马林

    2012-01-01

    选取学困生73名,采用班级戏剧量表对学生的攻击行为、亲社会行为、敏感退缩行为进行测量。结果表明:(1)学困生与非学困生的社会行为存在显著差异,学困生的亲社会行为减少,攻击行为增多;(2)学困生中,男生的攻击行为显著高于女生;(3)随着年级的增加,学困生的亲社会行为与攻击行为有下降趋势,退缩行为略有增多,但差异均未达到显著水平。%elected 73 junior school students with learning disabilities.CPS-R was used to measure student's Pro-social behavior,aggressive behavior,sensitively-back behavior.The study reveals that:(1)students with learning disabilities showed fewer Pro-social behavior and more aggressive behavior;920among students with learning disabilities,aggressive behavior of boys was significant higher than girls.(3) As the grade increased,students with learning difficulties pro-social behavior and aggressive behavior on a downward trend,a slight increase in withdrawn behavior,but the difference did not reach significant levels.

  13. Basic life support knowledge, self-reported skills and fears in Danish high school students and effect of a single 45-min training session run by junior doctors; a prospective cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Early recognition and immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation are critical determinants of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to evaluate current knowledge on basic life support (BLS) in Danish high school students and benefits of a single training session run by junior doctors. Methods Six-hundred-fifty-one students were included. They underwent one 45-minute BLS training session including theoretical aspects and hands-on training with mannequins. The students completed a baseline questionnaire before the training session and a follow-up questionnaire one week later. The questionnaire consisted of an eight item multiple-choice test on BLS knowledge, a four-level evaluation of self-assessed BLS skills and evaluation of fear based on a qualitative description and visual analog scale from 0 to 10 for being first responder. Results Sixty-three percent of the students (413/651) had participated in prior BLS training. Only 28% (179/651) knew how to correctly recognize normal breathing. The majority was afraid of exacerbating the condition or causing death by intervening as first responder. The response rate at follow-up was 61% (399/651). There was a significant improvement in correct answers on the multiple-choice test (p first responder was decreased 6.8 ± 2.2 to 5.5 ± 2.4 (p < .001). Conclusion Knowledge of key areas of BLS is poor among high school students. One hands-on training session run by junior doctors seems to be efficient to empower the students to be first responders to OHCA. PMID:24731392

  14. The Correlation Study of Interest at Physics and Knowledge of Mathematics Basic Concepts towards the Ability to Solve Physics Problems of 7th Grade Students at Junior High School in Ambon Maluku Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaak Hendrik Wenno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to determine the relation between interest at Physics and knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts with the ability to solve Physics problems. The populations are all students in the 7th grade at the junior high school in Ambon, Maluku, Indonesia. The used sample schools are Junior High Schools 8, 9, and 10 during 2013/2014 academic year with 44 students per school. Two independent variables and one dependent variable are studied. The independent variables are the interest at Physics (X1 and the knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts (X2, while the dependent variable is the ability to solve Physics problems (Y. Data collection technique for X1 is an interview with questionnaire instrument, while for the X2 and Y is using the test technique with test items instrument. The obtained data from the measurements were analyzed with descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The results show that there is a positive relation between interest at Physics and knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts with students’ ability to solve Physics problems.

  15. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for junior high/middle school science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    Some basic topics on the subject of solar energy are outlined in the form of a teaching manual. The manual is geared toward junior high or middle school science students. Topics include solar collectors, solar water heating, solar radiation, insulation, heat storage, and desalination. Instructions for the construction of apparatus to demonstrate the solar energy topics are provided. (BCS)

  16. Complex Variables in Junior High School: The Role and Potential Impact of an Outreach Mathematician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, Billy J.; Dwyer, Jerry F.; Wilhelm, Jennifer; Moskal, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Outreach mathematicians are college faculty who are trained in mathematics but who undertake an active role in improving primary and secondary education. This role is examined through a study where an outreach mathematician introduced the concept of complex variables to junior high school students in the United States with the goal of stimulating…

  17. Spalding Junior High, Unit 1 Dropout Prevention Program. Maxi 2 Practicum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Joe C.

    The purpose of this practicum was to develop strategies to reduce the dropout rate at Spalding Junior High, Unit 1, Griffin, Georgia. Potential dropouts were identified and specific strategies were used to assist students in solving problems which caused them to become potential dropouts. Some of the strategies developed were: (1) faculty…

  18. The National Career Development Guidelines. Local Handbook for Middle/Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    This handbook, one of five local handbooks developed to support specialized implementation of the National Career Development Guidelines, presents guidelines for developing comprehensive programs for students in middle and junior high schools. Part I describes the need for guidelines and standards in career development, defines career development…

  19. Development of a Junior High School Module in Alcohol Education and Traffic Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.

    Five 45-minute teaching units for junior high school students on alcohol education and traffic safety are presented. Lesson I examines alcohol as a drug. Activities include a question-answer survey, a film, and a game. Assignments are a "find the word" game and an evaluation of an advertisement for an alcoholic beverage. Lesson II considers…

  20. The Inequality of Self-Efficacy between Junior College and Traditional University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, R. C.

    2016-01-01

    Higher education research highlights the difficulties students face when transitioning from a junior college to a traditional university. This study explored a gap between junior vs. traditional university students' academic self-efficacy beliefs. This study also controlled for the effects of the student role-identity and academic performance on…

  1. Stress management with adolescents at the junior high transition: an outcome evaluation of coping skills intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schinke, S P; Schilling, R F; Snow, W H

    1987-01-01

    This paper reports an outcome study of coping skills intervention to help adolescents manage stress associated with the transition from elementary school to junior high. In a randomized design, sixth grade students from four elementary schools were pretested, then two schools each were assigned to an intervention condition and to a control condition. Intervention condition subjects received eight sessions of instruction and practice in coping skills intervention. Following intervention, all subjects were posttested. At posttest and relative to control condition subjects, intervention condition subjects scored more positively on measures of problem solving, assertive direct refusals, adequacy of information about junior high school, ability to handle stress, ability to deal with peer pressure, and general readiness for junior high school.

  2. Relations Among Peer Acceptance,Social Behavior and Parenting Style of Junior High School Students%初中生的自尊、同伴接纳与学业成绩的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展宁宁

    2011-01-01

    对302名初中生的自尊及同伴接纳状况进行了调查,探讨初中生的自尊、同伴接纳与学业成绩的关系. 结果显示,初中生的自尊发展存在年级差异,但不存在性别上的差异;初中生的自尊发展、同伴接纳与学业成绩都存在着密切的关系;初中生的自尊发展、同伴接纳对学业成绩有显著预测作用.%This paper makes a survey of 320 junior high school students about their self-esteem and peer acceptance. The findings indicate that junior high school students' self-esteem is different in grades,but no difference in genders. There is a remarkable relationship between self-esteem,peer acceptance and academic achievements. Their self-esteem and peer acceptance predict academic achievements.

  3. 农村留守初中生人格、自我效能与心理健康关系%Relationship among personality, self-efficacy and mental health in left-behind junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小先

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship among personality, self-efficacy and mental health in left-behind junior high school students. Methods Totally 459 left-behind and 241 non left-behind junior high school students were investigated with the Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Mental Health Test. Results The incidence rate of mental disorders was 1.1% in the left-behind junior high school students. The top three mental problems were terror tendency (29. 0% ) , self reproach (28. 1% ) and physical symptoms (21. 4% ). Significant gender differences were found in physical symptom (6. 02 ± 2. 59 for boys, 6. 68 ± 2. 54 for girls) , terror tendency (3. 28 ±2. 50 for boys, 4. 70 ±2.60 for girls),and the total score of mental problems (41. 95 ± 11.65 for boys, 44. 73 ±11. 32 for girls) among the left-behind students (all P < 0. 01). Self-efficacy had negative function ( adjusted R2 =0.045) in predicting the mental problem among the left-behind students. Neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness could be used to predict mental problems (adjusted R2 = 0. 235). Conclusion Besides shaping positive personality , the training of self-efficacy can improve mental health status among the left-behind junior high school students.%目的 了解农村留守初中生人格、自我效能、心理健康状况及三者之间的关系.方法 采用青少年小五人格问卷、心理健康诊断测验量表和一般自我效能感量表对留守(459人)和非留守初中生(241人)进行问卷调查.结果 留守初中生严重心理问题5人,检出率为1.1%,在不同方面存在轻微或中等程度心理问题人数较多的是恐怖倾向、自责倾向及身体症状,分别为133、129、98人,检出率分别为29.0%、28.1%、21.4%;女生身体症状、恐怖倾向、总焦虑倾向分别为(6.68±2.54)、(4.70±2.60)、(44.73 ± 11.32)分,男生分别为(6.02±2.59)、(3.28±2.50)、(41.95±11.65)分,女生均高于

  4. THE EFFECTIVENESS USING INQUIRY BASED NATURAL SCIENCE MODULE WITH AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT TO IMPROVE THE CRITICAL THINKING AND INQUIRY SKILLS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Hairida

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of inquiry-based science modul with authentic assessment to develop students’ inquiry skills and critical thinking. This research employed a quasi experiment method with pretest-posttest control group design. This research is conducted on 7th grade of one of Junior High School in Pontianak, by using 2 classes as a sample. The data was collected by using inquiry skills observation sheets, critical thinking test, and interview. The result shows that the mean of inquiry skills and critical thinking scores of experiment group is higher than the control group, and the significance score from using t-test is (0.00 < 0.05, which means there is a difference of inquiry skills in the experiment and control group. Score of N-gain shows that the mean of experiment group’s inqury skills and critical thinking score after the treatment, is higher than control group. It concludes that science learning by using inquiry-based modul with authentic assessment is effective to develop students’ inquiry skills and critical thinking.

  5. Card Games and Algebra Tic Tacmatics on Achievement of Junior Secondary II Students in Algebraic Expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okpube, Nnaemeka Michael; Anugwo, M. N.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the Card Games and Algebra tic-Tacmatics on Junior Secondary II Students' Achievement in Algebraic Expressions. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the pre-test, post-test control group design. A total of two hundred and forty (240) Junior Secondary School II students were…

  6. Effects of International Questions on EFL Reading Comprehension at the Junior High School Level

    OpenAIRE

    WATANABE, Kazuo; Mori, Akiko

    2002-01-01

    Reading as communication haas been emphasized in recent EFL reading. We examined if the use of inferential questions as a strategy to teach reading can develop student's reading comprehension skills. We conducted an experiment in which 217 third year junior high school students in Osaka participated. They were divided into three groups. Group A was taught using only traslation, Group B was taught using only literal questions, and Group C was taught using only inferential questions. After the ...

  7. School Variables as Mediators of Personal and Family Factors on School Violence in Taiwanese Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi

    2012-01-01

    Using a nationally representative sample of 3,058 junior high school students in Taiwan, this study examines a model of how personal traits, family factors, and school dynamics influence school violence committed by students against students and teachers. This model proposed that school violence is directly influenced by personal traits,…

  8. The Role of WhatsApp in Teaching Vocabulary to Iranian EFL Learners at Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari, Sanaz; Chalak, Azizeh

    2016-01-01

    The availability and the use of mobile messaging applications are increasingly widespread among the new generation of students in Iran. The present study aimed to investigate the role of WhatsApp in the vocabulary learning improvement of Iranian junior high school EFL students. Using a mixed method design, a group of 60 students including 30 male…

  9. Analysis of influenza transmission in the households of primary and junior high school students during the 2012-13 influenza season in Odate, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamigaki, Taro; Mimura, Satoshi; Takahashi, Yoshihiro; Oshitani, Hitoshi

    2015-07-23

    Households are one of the major settings of influenza transmission in the community and transmission is frequently initiated by school-aged children. We surveyed households with primary school (PS) and/ or junior high school (JH) children for the 2012-13 influenza season in Odate, Japan then characterized the epidemiology of influenza household transmission as well as estimated the serial intervals. We delivered a self-reported questionnaire survey to households with PS and/or JH school children in Odate City, Japan. Influenza A (H3N2) virus predominantly circulated during the 2012-13 influenza season. We investigated the epidemiological characteristics of within-household transmission and calculated the serial intervals (SI). SIs were drew by a non-parametric model and compared with parametric models by the Akaike Information Criterion. The covariable contributions were investigated by the accelerated failure model. Household influenza transmission was identified in 255 out of 363 household respondents. Primary school (PS) children accounted for 45.1 % of primary cases, and disease transmission was most commonly observed between PS children and parents, followed by transmission from PS children to siblings. In primary cases of PS or JH children, younger age and longer absence from school were significantly associated with household transmission events. The mean SI was estimated as 2.8 days (95 % confidence interval 2.6-3.0 days) in the lognormal model. The estimated acceleration factors revealed that while secondary school age and the absence duration > 7 days were associated with shorter and longer SIs, respectively, antiviral prescriptions for primary cases made no contribution. High frequencies of household transmission from primary school with shorter SI were found. These findings contribute to the development of future mitigation strategies against influenza transmission in Japan.

  10. The Design of the Junior High Management Improvement Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    This report provides a description of the experimental design, including the procedures, instrumentation, and sample, of the Junior High School Management Improvement Study. The research leading up to this study is briefly described along with the conceptualization of the management function of teaching and the development of training manuals for…

  11. The Development of a Suburban Junior High School Learning Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Janet W.

    The purpose of the study is to present a descriptive report of the difficulties and successes in the first eight months of the development of a Learning Center in Northwood Junior High School in Highland Park, Illinois. The report is intended to contribute information which will be helpful to others whose task it is to develop Learning Centers.…

  12. 初中生同伴冲突解决策略的结构及发展特点%Study on the Structure and Developmental Characteristics of the Peer-Conflict for the Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文; 李利娜; 俞睿玮; 余坤珍

    2012-01-01

    To explore the structure and developmental characteristics of the peer-conflict for the freddie- school students, 360 students were tested by the questionnaire of junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies. The results showed that: junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies hadfive dimensions including active coping, compromise, competition, obedient, and avoiding; The ques- tionnaire had good reliability, validity and applicability; Overall, the developmental trend of the junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies with the growth of the grade was reverse "V", but each stage of the developmental speed was not equilibrium; The gender difference of the development of the middle-school students' peer-conflict solving strategies was insignificant, but on the two factors that was "positive responses" and "compromise", the boys' was significantly higher than girls'.%本研究采用自编初中生同伴冲突解决策略评定问卷,对大连市360名初中生施测,以考察初中生同伴冲突解决策略的结构及发展特点。结果表明:初中生同伴冲突解决策略包括积极应对、妥协、竞争、顺从、回避五个维度;自编问卷具有较好的信效度与适用性;总体上,初中生同伴冲突解决策略发展随年级的增长呈倒“V”趋势,但每个阶段的发展速度不均衡;初中生冲突解决策略发展总体性别差异不显著.但在“积极应对”和“妥协”两个因子上,男生显著高于女生。

  13. 深圳市2009-2013学年初中及小学生视力状况分析%Analysis on eyesight status of junior high school and primary school students in Shenzhen from 2009 to 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谌丁艳; 周丽; 王贇

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of poor eyesight and its change trend from 2009 to 2013 among junior high school and primary school students in Shenzhen,and to provide evidence for prevention and control of students’ poor eyesight in future.Methods 10 junior high schools and 10 primary schools were selected by cluster sampling meth-od.All students in the selected schools were included in the research.Information of students’eyesight was analyzed.Results A total of 114 843 person-time seyesight data were analyzed.There were 64 550 boys,50 293 girls,51 053 primary school students and 63 790 junior high school students.The rates of poor eyesight among them were 58.81% -62.58% from 2009 to 2013.Female students had a higher prevalence of poor eyesight than males (63.20% -67.25%for female students vs 54.71% -58.93% for male students,P <0.001).Moreover,junior high school students had higher prevalence of poor eyesight and moreserious situation than primary school students (70.65% -76.86% for junior high school students vs 41.56% -45.73% for primary school students,P <0.001).From the second grade,the prevalence of male and female poor eyesight increased with grade,and it was increased year by year.There was a linear trend between the prevalence of poor eyesight and academic year (P <0.001).Conclusion The situation of eyesight among students in Shenzhen is seri-ous and it has a trend of getting worse.Schools and families should cooperate closely to enhance protection of students’eye-sight,and to improve students’eyesight.%目的:了解深圳市2009—2013学年初中及小学生视力状况及变化规律,为防治学生视力不良提供依据。方法整群抽取深圳市小学和初中各10所,以抽中学校的所有学生为研究对象,对学生视力数据进行分析。结果共对114843人次的视力检查数据进行分析,其中男生64550人次,女生50293人次,小学生51053人次,初中生63790人次。2009—2013学年

  14. The Relationship between the Quality of Teachers and Pupils Academic Performance in the STMA Junior High Schools of the Western Region of Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonney, Ebenezer Appah; Amoah, Daniel F.; Micah, Sophia A.; Ahiamenyo, Comfort; Lemaire, Margaret B.

    2015-01-01

    The study investigated into the relationship between the quality of teachers and students' academic performance in Sekondi Takoradi Metropolitan Assembly (STMA) Junior High Schools. Descriptive survey design was used and the target population was Junior High School teachers and pupils in the metropolis. Five educational circuits in the metropolis…

  15. 安徽省中学生情绪管理与攻击行为相关性分析%Association between emotional regulation and aggressive behavior among junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王法艳; 朱文束; 祖萍; 赵玉秋; 朱鹏; 陶芳标

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between emotional regulation and aggressive behavior among junior high school students from Anhui province. Methods All the participants from 12 high schools in 3 cities of Anhui province were obtained by a stratified random cluster sampling. The Aggression Questionnaire and the Staffing Emotional Intelligence Scale of Gole-man were implemented among 5 892 students. Results Gender and grade were significantly correlated with aggressive behavior (P <0.05) , with boys and senior students scored higher. Students with lower scores of emotional regulation had significantly higher aggression scores (P<0.01). Data from multiple regression analysis demonstrated that low emotional regulation was predicative of aggressive behavior(β=-0. 368,P<0. 01). Conclusion Emotional regulation is associated with aggressive behavior among junior high school students, and this could shed lights on interventions for adolescents with aggressive behaviors.%目的 探讨中学生情绪管理与攻击行为的关系,为攻击行为的干预提供科学依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样法,对安徽省宣城、淮北、蚌埠市12所学校的5 892名中学生进行问卷调查,分析中学生情绪管理得分与攻击行为得分的相关性.结果 男生攻击行为得分高于女生,高中生攻击行为得分高于初中生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).高情绪管理能力组中学生攻击行为得分低于低情绪管理能力组(P<0.01).在控制性别、学段、父母文化程度等变量后,线性回归分析显示情绪管理能力对攻击行为具有负向预测力(β=-0.368,P<0.01).结论 中学生情绪管理和攻击行为的相关有统计学意义.应提升有攻击行为青少年的情绪管理能力.

  16. 1991 Summer research program for high school juniors at the University of Rochester`s Laboratory for Laser Energetics. Student research reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-09-01

    Ten students participated in the 1991 summer high school student research program at the University of Rochester`s Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE). The participants spent 8 weeks working and learning at LLE. They spent most of their time working on individual research projects. Each student was assigned a project, upon which he/she worked under the direct supervision of one of the staff members of the laboratory. The students, their high schools, and their projects are listed in Table 1. The program culminated in oral and written reports describing their work. The oral reports were presented at a symposium on 23 August 1991, at which the student`s parents and teachers and members of the LLE staff were present. The written reports are collected in this volume. The titles of the works are UV alignment table; neutron yields can be measured by using the relative gain of a photomultiplier tube; scattering in isotropic and anisotropic media; a better approximation of the diffusion equation; use of the SLAC code to produce a photoemissive electrostatic electron gun; spatial resolution deteriorates with increasing film exposure; analysis of refractive image distortion; making of pinholes for x-ray pinhole cameras; does perturbation theory accurately describe multiphoton ionization? and wave front analysis using shearing interferometry.

  17. 景颇族初中生的民族社会化觉察及其特征%Perceived ethnic socialization ofJingpo junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹可丽; 包广华; 钱丽梅; 马霓珊

    2016-01-01

    Ethnic socialization is key element of a minority family’s education in a multinational state, and it has an important influence on the ethnic attitude development of adolescents. Perceived ethnic socialization refers to the minority child’s understanding of information, and consists of cultural socialization, preparation for bias, promotion of mistrust, etc. Essentially, this is what their parents transmit to them regardingethnicity. Research in this field is based on the work of American psychologists, and the methods focus primarily on cross-sectional self-reporting. Few researchers have examined the ethnic socialization of ethnic Chinese minorities through empirical study. In study 1, 464 students from the Jingpo minority community in Yunnan Province completed a questionnaire that illuminated a perceived ethnic socialization scale (Chinese revision). Another 159 junior high school students took part in an open-ended questions survey to collect conflicting stories and biases. Study 2 was a situation-experiment designed to simulate conflict contexts with bias or non-bias between Jingpo students and Dai students, and explored ethnic socialization message-transmission after experiencing contextual simulation for 335 Jingpo junior high school students. Experiment 3 examined ethnic socialization messages by using story completion tasks, and was completed by 119 Jingpo junior high school students. Results indicated that Jingpo junior high students perceived four types of ethnic socialization messages: cultural socialization, promotion of mistrust, preparation for bias and the promotion of harmony (which is significantly different). As a percentage, “promotion of harmony” was reported as significantly higher than “cultural socialization” and “preparation for bias”; the least reported was “promotion of mistrust”. There was a significant difference evident between simulating contexts with bias versus non-biased clues in preparation for bias. Genders

  18. Modesto Junior College's Student Success Plan: A Model for Student Success/PFE Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKuin, Kathleen

    This is a report on the student success model designed by Modesto Junior College (MJC) (California) in conjunction with the state-established Partnership for Excellence (PFE) program goals. The PFE program addresses goals of the community college's mission along with more direct emphasis on transfer programs, degrees and certificates awarded,…

  19. Modesto Junior College's Student Success Plan: A Model for Student Success/PFE Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKuin, Kathleen

    This is a report on the student success model designed by Modesto Junior College (MJC) (California) in conjunction with the state-established Partnership for Excellence (PFE) program goals. The PFE program addresses goals of the community college's mission along with more direct emphasis on transfer programs, degrees and certificates awarded,…

  20. English vocabulary teaching in Chinese junior high schools

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Jinghong

    2015-01-01

    Vocabulary learning is an important and indispensable part of the English language learning process. In this paper, the author tried to examine the vocabulary teaching practice in Chinese junior high schools. A questionnaire was used to investigate the problem from the perspectives of in-service teachers. Besides, the National English Curriculum (MOE, 2011) served as another important source of data in this study. The data revealed that progress has been made in English vocabulary teaching in...

  1. Smartphone and medical related App use among medical students and junior doctors in the United Kingdom (UK: a regional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Payne Karl Frederick

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Smartphone usage has spread to many settings including that of healthcare with numerous potential and realised benefits. The ability to download custom-built software applications (apps has created a new wealth of clinical resources available to healthcare staff, providing evidence-based decisional tools to reduce medical errors. Previous literature has examined how smartphones can be utilised by both medical student and doctor populations, to enhance educational and workplace activities, with the potential to improve overall patient care. However, this literature has not examined smartphone acceptance and patterns of medical app usage within the student and junior doctor populations. Methods An online survey of medical student and foundation level junior doctor cohorts was undertaken within one United Kingdom healthcare region. Participants were asked whether they owned a Smartphone and if they used apps on their Smartphones to support their education and practice activities. Frequency of use and type of app used was also investigated. Open response questions explored participants’ views on apps that were desired or recommended and the characteristics of apps that were useful. Results 257 medical students and 131 junior doctors responded, equating to a response rate of 15.0% and 21.8% respectively. 79.0% (n=203/257 of medical students and 74.8% (n=98/131 of junior doctors owned a smartphone, with 56.6% (n=115/203 of students and 68.4% (n=67/98 of doctors owning an iPhone. The majority of students and doctors owned 1–5 medical related applications, with very few owning more than 10, and iPhone owners significantly more likely to own apps (Chi sq, p Conclusions This study found a high level of smartphone ownership and usage among medical students and junior doctors. Both groups endorse the development of more apps to support their education and clinical practice.

  2. Perilaku Konsumsi Tembakau Pelajar SMP Usia 13–15 Tahun di Sumatra dan Jawa (Analisis Indonesia–Gyts 2009 (Behavior Tobacco Consumption of Junior High School Student Aged 13–15 Years in Sumatra and Java (Analysis of Indonesia–Gyts 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tati Suryati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: adolescence is a crucial period that must be maintained properly, because it has a direct and long-termimpact of the act he/she was doing. Baseline Health Research (RISKESDAS 2007 showed that 59.5% of the causes ofdeath in Indonesia were due non communicable diseases (NCD, and tobacco consumption contributed as trigger of majority of NCD cases. Information related to the behavior of youth tobacco consumption is required to formulate strategicplan to reduce the incidence. Method: standard questionnaires were fi lled by students of 40 junior high schools from 33 districts and cities in Sumatra and Java, with a total sample of 142 classes (covering grades 7 to 9. Results: a total of 3,319 junior high school students aged 13–15 years were covered with a 94.0% response rate. About 20.3% of students was active smokers and 11.5% non-smoker students planned to smoke in 2010. There was 4.2% of active smoker students showed symptoms of addiction to the nicotine in cigarettes. Eight out of 10 active smokers need help to quit smoking. The main factors that motivate junior high school students in Sumatra and Java to smoke were 15.7% of all/most of his close friends smoking and 7 out of 10 junior high school students have at least one parent as smoker. Recommendations: Efforts to prevent children from smoking should be conducted together with support of national tobacco control policies, and the local policies with support from non-governmental organizations, community leaders, health workers, educators, school personnel and families.

  3. 运用过程性变式提升初中生数学问题解决能力%Use of Process Variants Elevator to Improve Junior High School Students' Math Problem-solving Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋延宏; 李三平

    2014-01-01

    Variant teaching in China has become more mature teaching theory, is effective in promoting a student of mathe-matics learning,"Chinese-style"approach. Procedural variant is a variant form of teaching, it helps to form a mathematical experience activities. In this paper,"problem solving equations model"as an example to explain the process of the variants of the junior high school students problem solving capabilities.%变式教学在我国已成为比较成熟的教学理论,是有效地促进学生数学学习的一种“中国式”方法。过程性变式是变式教学的一种形式,它有助于数学活动经验的形成。本文以“求解方程模型应用题”为例,阐述过程性变式对初中生问题解决能力的影响。

  4. 不同範例展示及實作經驗對國中生科技創造力的影響 Effects of Exemplars and Hands-on Experiences on Technological Creativity of Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    張玉山 Yu-Shan Chang

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available 本研究旨在探討不同創意層級的範例展示及實作經驗對國中生科技創造力的影響。研究方法採用二因子實驗設計之準實驗研究,研究對象為231 位臺北縣國中生活科技課程的學生。主要研究工具為產品創意量表,內容包括整體評分、主題設定、色彩變化、造型變化、材料種類、外加機能、組合方法共七項。研究結果顯示,實作經驗對學生作品的造型設計與外加機能設計,有顯著的創意效果;高級與中級創意成品範例對學生作品的整體評分、主題設定、色彩變化、造型變化及外加機能,都有正面的創意效果;但是在材料種類與組合方法方面,不同創意層級的範例展示及實作經驗會有交互影響。 The purpose of this study was to discuss effects of exemplars and hands-on experiences on technological creativity of junior high school students. A quasi-experimental and two-factor research design was adapted to teaching experiment in Living-Technology curriculum. There were 231 junior high school students in Taipei county participating in this study. A product creativity scale, which included items of holistic view, subject matter, color design, styling design, material diversity, function design, and structure combination, was used to collect data. Results of this study indicated that significant creativity effects on styling design and function design caused by factors of hands-on experiences. Moreover, high creative and medium creative exemplars showed positive effects on holistic view, subject matter, color design, styling design, and function design. Nevertheless, there were interactive effects between hands-on experiences and creative exemplars on material diversity and structure combination.

  5. 农民工子弟与公办学校初中生伤害危险行为比较%Accident injury behavior among Junior high school students in peasant worker's children school and urban public school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂少萍; 许燕君; 马文军; 徐浩锋; 宋秀玲; 蔡秋茂; 许晓君; 夏亮

    2009-01-01

    Objective To understand the accident injury behaviors among junior high school students in peasant worker's children school for injury prevention and intervention. Methods The cluster random sampling method was adopted to perform anonymous questionnaire survey in 5 791 junior high school students from 11 peasant worker's children schools and 16 urban public schools of Guangdong province. Results The incidence rate of fighting(30. 5%) ,self-injurious behav-ior(I1.2%) ,being bullied(13. 1%), feelings of lonely(12. 9%), sad(11.7%) and insomnia(10. 2%) were higher in peasant worker's children school students than that of in urban public school students. The feeling of unsafety(8.0%) and the unsafe game playing (90. 4%) were lower in peasant worker's children school students than that of in urban public school students. The behaviors of riding and walking against regulation, swimming in unsafe water, fighting were higher in boys than that of in girls. But the feelings of lonely, gloomy ,insomnia, sad and hopeless, self-injurious behavior were higher in the girls than that of in the boys. Condusion Violence behavior and suicide related psychological problems were more serious in peasant worker's children school students than that of urban public school students. More attentions should be paid to social adaptation of the children of peasant workers.%目的 了解农工子弟学校与公办学校初中学生伤害危险行为发生状况,为制定干预措施提供基础数据.方法 采取分层整群抽样方法,以匿名方式对广东省11所农民工子弟学校和16所公办学校共5 791名初中学生进行伤害危险行为问卷调查.结果 农民工子弟学校初中学生打架行为发生率为30.5%,自伤行为11.2%,受欺侮13.1%,感到孤独12.9%,伤心绝望11.7%,失眠10.2%,均高于公办学校初中学生的22.4%,9.1%,10.7%,8.5%,9.3%,8.1%(P<0.01);无安全感8.0%,不安全玩耍90.4%,低于公办学校初中学生10.2%,93.7%(P<0.01);骑车违规、步

  6. Education Problems and Solutions of Junior High School Students from Single-parent Families%浅谈单亲家庭初中生的教育困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝雯雯

    2014-01-01

    在离婚率一直上升的现今,在观察到一些单亲家庭的初中生的教育消极现象后,为了找到更好的教育应对策略,运用了少量问卷与大量访谈、观察等方式来对单亲家庭学生、相关学科教师和部分家长进行调查浅析后。结果发现,大多数初中单亲家庭学生明显存在敏感孤独、内向抗拒、行事方式较为极端等问题,针对这些问题,教师可尝试从自身、学生、父母角度、社会与制度等多个层面分析探讨解决这一困境的对策。%In today's divorce rate has been rising, after observing some of the students in single-parent families educational negative phenomena, in order to find a better education coping strategies, the use of a small number of questionnaires and a large number of interviews, observations, etc. to students in single-parent families, the relevant subject teachers and some parents of the investigation later. It was found that most of the junior high school students in single-parent families evident sensitive lonely, introverted resist more extreme practices and other issues, solve these problems, teachers can try to explore the multiple dimen-sions of their own, students, parents, angle, and other social and institutional analysis to solve this dilemma.

  7. 初中生自我伤害行为危险因素分析%Risk factor analysis for self-harm behavior in junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蕾; 孙月吉; 林媛; 金鑫; 李旭红; 刘媛; 梁杰

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查大连市1463名在校初中生的自伤发生率及其相关危险因素。方法以符合CCMD-3蓄意自我伤害诊断标准的75名初中生为研究组(自伤组),匹配正常者为对照组。方法采用一般问卷、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、父母养育方式评价量表(EMBU)和应付方式问卷(CSA)进行调查。结果自伤检出率为5.4%,其中男生2.8%,女生2.6%,性别间差异无显著性意义(χ2=1.636, P=0.441)。13岁为蓄意自伤高发年龄,各年龄组间差异明显(χ2=20.827, P=0.000)。 ASLEC量表中的人际关系、学习压力因子,组间差异明显( t1-2=2.082,4.033;P1-2=0.039,0.000),“学习压力”是初中生主要压力源;EMBU量表中父母“情感温暖”在自伤组得分显著低于正常组(父亲t=-3.839, P=0.000;母亲t=-4.007, P=0.000);CSA量表的自责、退避、幻想因子分组间差异显著(自责t=3,577,P=0.000;退避t=4.294, P=0.000;幻想t=2.589, P=0.011)。二元Logistic回归分析揭示初中生自伤行为危险因素包括:自责、退避、合理化、学习压力和被惩罚;自伤行为的危险因素存在性别差异。结论初中生自伤行为发生率较高,主要危险因素是学习压力、父母关爱不足、人际交往问题。%Objective To investigate self-harm incidence and risk factors in junior high school students in Dalian city . Methods 75 junior high school students , who met the DSH diagnosis standards of CCMD -3, were recruited in the study group.Control group included matched normal students .The study used General Screening Questionnaire , Adolescent Life Event Scale (ASLEC), EMBU (Egma Minnen av Bardndosnauppforstran ) and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSA).Re-sults The rate of self-harm behavior was 5.4%in the junior high school students with 2.8%in boys and 2.6%in girls

  8. Relationship between junior high school students with internet addiction and its influencing factors%初中生网络成瘾现状及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏林雁; 高雪屏; 肖茜; 曹枫林; 冯哲

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解初中生网络成瘾(IA)状况及其影响因素,为学生网络成瘾的防治提供参考.方法采用Young网络成瘾诊断问卷(YDQ),网络使用情况问卷,冲动量表,青少年网络成瘾预测问卷,儿童行为量表,IOWA Conners父母、教师评定量表,对方便抽取的长沙市1 183名初中生进行调查.结果 IA组共108例,患病率为9.13%.IA组上网时间1a以上、每周上网10 h以上、经常在网吧上网报告率显著高于对照组.IA组父母、教师、学生评分和对照组之间差异均有统计学意义.Lostic回归分析发现,男生、每周上网10 h以上、上网年限1 a以上、在网吧上网、违纪行为、注意缺陷/多动、焦虑是网络成瘾的危险因素,学习绩效是网络成瘾的保护因素.结论 IA初中生存在着更多的行为、情绪、学习问题,其与网络使用特点交互作用是造成网络成瘾的主要原因.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of Internet Addiction (1A) for junior high school students, and to explore the influencing factors of 1 A. Methods A convenient sampling method was conducted to choose 1 183 junior high school students in Changsha city. By using Youngs Diagnostic Questionnaire for Internet Addiction(VDQ) , Barnm Impulsivity Scale( BIS -11), Internet Addiction Predict Test for Adolescents (IAPT), Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklists) CBCL) and Conners Inattention/Overactivity with Aggression! IOWA) for parents and teachers, all the participants were questionnaired. Results There were 108 students meeting YDQ criterion and the prevalence rate was 9. 13% , and they were taken as LA group. Students of IA group who use Internet more than one year, spent more than 10 hours on the Internet per week and mainly got online in the Internet cafes were observably higher than control group. There was significant difference was found between the IA group and the control group assessed by parents, teachers or students own. Logistic analysis

  9. MATHEMATICAL UNDERSTANDING AND REPRESENTATION ABILITY OF PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN NORTH SUMATRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ani Minarni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the result of first phase of the research about the development of students’ mathematical understanding and representation ability through Joyful Problem-based Learning (JPBL at Public Junior High School in North Sumatera, Indonesia. The population is all of the students of public junior high school (PJHS in North Sumatera. Samples choose based on stratified random sampling. The samples are the students of PJHS 27 Medan, PJHS 1 Percut Sei Tuan, PJHS 1 Tebing Tinggi, and PJHS 2 Pematangsiantar. The techniques used for collecting data is observation, interview, and essay test. The research findings: (1 Based on interview and observation found that conventional approach still use in all of the class of PJHS; The students engagement in learning activity is very low as well as students self-regulated learning; Most of the students do not attain minimal mastery achievement, (2 Based on essay test found that achievement of the students in mathematical understanding and representation test is categories low.

  10. A Study of the Influencing Factors of English Extracurricular Reading for Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金盼

    2015-01-01

    Extracurricular reading as an extension of the junior middle school English teaching process,which can broaden the students’ horizons.In this dissertation,the influencing factors of the junior high school students’ extracurricular reading are described.According to these factors,corresponding improving measures are put forward to improve the level of learning English through English extracurricular reading.

  11. Applying Cheerful Disco Learning for Improving of Motivation and Learning Result of PKn in Grade VIII C Students Junior High School 1 Kebumen in Second Semester 2013/2014 Academic Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Makmuroh

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this classroom action research is to improve students’ learning motivation, learning result of PKn on Basic Competence of Describing Indonesian Government System and the Roles of the State Institutions as the Sovereignty Executive and the characters of Grade VIII C Students of Junior High School 1 of Kebumen in Second Semester of Academic Year 2013/2014 by applying CHEERFUL DISCO learning method. The research is a classroom action research conducted in two cycles; each cycle of which includes planning, conducting, observation, and reflection. The result of the research shows that the learning method was able to improve the students’ learning motivation in learning activities from 62.37% in pre cycle to 73.74% in the first cycle, then from 78.91% in the second cycle, improved the PKn learning achievement in mastering concept of the ability to describe Indonesian Government System and the Roles of the State Institutions as the Sovereignty Executive, which can be seen that the students’ achievement test result is improving in average from 78.18 with 54.55% of mastery learning in pre cycle to 83.23 with 72.73% of mastery learning in the first cycle, then it was improved to 86.59 in average with 81.82% of mastery learning in the second cycle.

  12. Status Analysis on the Learning Burnout of Suburban Junior High School Students%城郊乡镇初中生学习倦怠的现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄桂新

    2013-01-01

    Learning Burnout is used to describe the students in the learning process can not effectively cope with learning problems such as bore⁃dom, fatigue, depression and frustration, and then produces a series of inappropriate behavior to avoid learning. Adapted on the basis of existing learning burnout research questionnaire, this paper conducts research in order to understand their learning burnout in the suburban rural junior high schools in Nanning, Guangxi, and to propose a solution.%  学习倦怠用于描述学生在学习过程中不能有效的应付学习的问题而产生的诸如厌倦、疲乏、沮丧和挫折等极端的心理反应,继而产生一系列不适当的逃避学习的行为。在已有学习倦怠研究的基础上改编问卷,对广西南宁市城郊乡镇初中生进行调研以期了解目前他们的学习倦怠现状,并提出对策。

  13. 初中生感恩、学习投入与学业成就的关系研究%A Study of Correlation Among Gratitude, Learning Engagement and Academic Achievement of Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀希; 董好叶; 金光华; 高玉红

    2012-01-01

    使用青少年感恩量表、学习投入量表对邯郸市189名初中生进行了问卷调查,分析初中生感恩、学习投入和学业成就三者之间的关系.结果显示:感恩、学习投入与学业成就存在显著正相关,并且感恩与学习投入能够显著正向预测学业成就;学习投入在感恩与学业成就之间存在中介效应.%With the Youth Gratitude Scale, Learning Engagement Scale and Academic Achivement Scale, 189 junior high school students in Handan City are investigated to explore the relationship among the three variables. The results show that there is significant positive correlation among gratitude,learning engagement and academic achievement. Furthermore,gratitude,learning engagement have a positive prediction on academic achievement; learning engagement has a mediating effect on gratitude and academic achievement.

  14. 國中學生偏差行為之研究:社會資本的觀點 Delinquent Behaviors of Junior High School Students: A Social Capital Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    謝志龍 Chih-Lung Hsieh

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available 本文使用封閉性網絡與擴展性網絡兩種不同的社會資本型式,探討親代與子代的社會網絡對國中學生偏差行為的影響。前者指父母網絡,是由父母、子女同學以及子女同學的父母共同形塑出有效規範與訊息傳遞的封閉性網絡,它隱含父母主導子女行動模式的權力與態度。後者指同儕網絡,是青少年所擁有的朋友之數量與品質而開展出向外聯繫的擴展性網絡,具有多元、複雜與異質的特色。研究結果如下:第一,父母網絡對於國中學生的偏差行為不具影響力,代間封閉性網絡並非是有效理解國中青少年偏差行為的機制。第二,國中學生所結交的朋友相當重要,擴展性的「負向」同儕網絡 會加劇青少年的偏差行為,但擴展性的「正向」同儕網絡則會減緩青少年的偏差行為。 This paper was aimed to explore the impact that social capital had on the delinquency of junior high school students. It was expected that both closure and expansion of social networks would play active roles in the formation of children’s behaviors. The former referred to parental networks that seemed to have the authority to control children’s behaviors in schools, and the later referred to adolescents’ ego-networks. When adolescents’ friends were more diverse and from mixed backgrounds, peer networks might affect their behaviors. The results showed that peer networks had a significant effect on adolescent delinquency. While “negative” peers could worsen the degree of delinquency, “positive” peers appeared to exert positive influence on their deviated behaviors. Parental networks, on the other hand, had no significant connection with junior high school students’ delinquency.

  15. Self-Esteem and Religiosity: Comparison of 13- to 15-Year-Old Students in Catholic and Public Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagley, Christopher; Mallick, Kanka

    1997-01-01

    Self-esteem and religious participation were studied in 410 public school and 494 Catholic school students in Canadian schools. Self-esteem was similar in both samples, but a higher level of self-esteem was associated with religious participation regardless of the denomination with which the student was affiliated. (SLD)

  16. A Study of a Multimedia Web Annotation System and Its Effect on the EFL Writing and Speaking Performance of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Shadiev, Rustam; Huang, Szu-Min

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to improve students' English as Foreign Language (EFL) writing and speaking performance with appropriate learning activity design supported by Virtual Pen ("VPen"), a multimedia web annotation system. Students' perceptions toward using "VPen" and learning activities, attitude toward using "VPen," actual "VPen" usage and…

  17. 初中生英语阅读现状与英语阅读态度研究%A Study on English Reading and Reading Attitudes among Chinese Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓天

    2012-01-01

    对我国某中学初中生英语阅读现状和英语阅读态度的问卷调查显示:初中生英语阅读基本立足课本,以提高阅读成绩为目标。初中生普遍对英语阅读持积极态度,其中工具趋向态度最强,但阅读的积极性随年级的递增呈下降趋势。具体到阅读态度五个维度间的相互关系,初中生情感趋向态度与融入趋向态度、工具趋向态度和评价趋向态度成正相关,与社会趋向态度呈负相关。其中,情感趋向态度与融入趋向态度成较强的正相关。基于此,为使学生对英语阅读长期保持积极的态度,英语教师要为学生推荐他们感兴趣的课外英语读物;同时,转变英语阅读教学理念,设计多种多样检验阅读效果的活动,从而充分发挥英语阅读在英语学习中的重要作用。%A survey on English reading and reading attitudes was conducted among junior high school students in a Chinese middle school. The results indicated that junior high school students primarily selected English textbooks as their reading materials and set improving reading performances in exams as their reading purpose. In general, students held positive attitudes towards reading, with attitudes related to instrumental orientation the strongest, but their interest in reading declined as they progressed through grades. As for the relationship among the five dimensiorks of reading attitudes, attitudes related to affective orientation were negatively correlated to attitudes related to sodal orientation, but positively correlated to the other three dimensions, with the correlation between affective and integrative orientation the most significant. Based oi1 the results of the study, it is highly recommended that more appealing reading resources should be provided so that students can sustain positive reading attitudes in a long run. And teachers should also readjust their teaching concept, develop various activities to

  18. A Small-Scale Survey of the Views and Attitudes of Junior High School Teachers in China toward Geographical Fieldwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Daihu; Wang, Ziying; Xu, Di; Deng, Zhenzhen

    2014-01-01

    Although geographical fieldwork can be viewed as an integral component of geographical education, it fell out of favor in Chinese secondary schools in the recent past. However, the new junior high school geography standards established in 2001 stress the importance of conducting geographical fieldwork for students' learning of geography. Now…

  19. Classroom-Based Social Skills Training for Junior High School Students:Comparison between Skill-Increased and Skill-Decreased Subgroups

    OpenAIRE

    江村, 理奈

    2007-01-01

    The present study compared the effects of classroom-based social skills training on the student's self-reported social skills and their subjective measures of adjustment (social support and loneliness). One hundred and eighteen 8th-grade students participated in this study. The training consisted of eight sessions during six months and focused on six target social skills: how to listen, how to invite classmates, how to give positive messages, how to reject unreasonable demands skillfully, how...

  20. Classroom-Based Social Skills Training for Junior High School Students:Comparison between Skill-Increased and Skill-Decreased Subgroups

    OpenAIRE

    江村, 理奈

    2007-01-01

    The present study compared the effects of classroom-based social skills training on the student's self-reported social skills and their subjective measures of adjustment (social support and loneliness). One hundred and eighteen 8th-grade students participated in this study. The training consisted of eight sessions during six months and focused on six target social skills: how to listen, how to invite classmates, how to give positive messages, how to reject unreasonable demands skillfully, how...

  1. 留守初中生心理适应性及其与人格特征的关系%Relationship on psychological adaptability and personality traits of junior high school students left in rural

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾文华

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究留守初中生心理适应性及其与人格特征的关系,为针对性的心理健康教育提供理论依据.方法 采用青少年心理适应性量表(APAS)和艾森克人格问卷EPQ(儿童版)对332名留守初中生进行问卷调查.结果 不同年级、安置方式在心理适应性总分以及陌生情境与学习情境适应、考试焦虑情境2个因子上得分的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).多元回归分析结果显示,神经质、内外向、掩饰性对心理适应性有预测作用.结论 安置方式、人格特征对 .心理适应性有影响.%OBJECTIVE To research relationship on psychological adaptability and personality traits .of junior high school students left in rural, so as to provide references for mental health education. METHODS Adopted the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (for children) and Adolescence Psychological Adaptability Scale to measure the 332 children left in rural areas. RESULTS Students with different grades and placement ways were statistically significant in psychological adaptability, adaptability to unfamiliar situations and learning, and test anxiety. Stepwise regression analysis indicated that neuroticism, extraver-sion and concealing may predict psychological adaptability. CONCLUSION Placement ways and personality traits impact psychological adaptability.

  2. 國中生物學網路模擬實驗軟體的製作與應用 Making of Simulated Biology Laboratory Exercises to Be Used in Internet for Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hin-chung Wong

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available 我們以網路動畫的方式製作了四個內容豐富的模擬實驗軟體,分別為:「檢索表的應用」、「水中的小生物」、「植物的呼吸作用」、「植物細胞觀察」等,屬於實質的模擬與步驟的模擬實驗教材,適合網路傳輸,可供國中學生反覆練習。經過國中學生和教師對製作技術和內容的滿意度調查,「檢索表的應用」並進行了學習成就檢測,評估結果顯示,這幾則具有創新意義的學習軟體,將豐富國中生物學的教學與學習,有效地增強實驗的學習成就。We report on the making of four simulated laboratory exercises software for the learning of biology for junior high school students. These software include the 1. use of dichotomous key, 2. microorganisms in water, 3. respiration of plant, and 4.observation of plant cells. Results of evaluation by teachers and students show that these software will help their teaching and learning of biology.

  3. 受欺负初中学生身心健康状况及相关因素分析%Psychosomatic status and related factors of bullied students in junior high schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史高岩; 刘金同; 张燕; 张冬冬; 王旸; 李仁军

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the psychosomatic status and related factors of bullied students in two junior high schools in Shandong, and to provide reference for the effective measurements. Methods A total of 830 students were assessed with Bully/victim Questionnaire, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale( SAS) , Self-Rating Depression Scale( SDS) , Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index( PSQI) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire( EPQ).Results The reporting rate of victim was 17.95% and the rate of boys was significant higher than that of girls. Victims reported more symptoms of anxiety, depression and sleep disorder in comparison with those not involved in bullied behaviors( P <0.05 ). Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that E and N factors of EPQ, the severity of being bullied related to SAS, and bullied by the relationship, the severity of being bullied related to SDS, and N factor of EPQ and the severity of being bullied related to PSQI. Conclusion The victims have severe anxiety, depression and sleep disorder. Bullied behavior has severe effects on the psychosomatic status of bullied junior high school students.%目的 探讨校园欺负对初中生身心健康的影响及相关影响因素,为制定积极有效的干预措施提供参考.方法 整群抽取山东省2所初中学生830名,采用欺负筛查问卷、焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表、匹斯仲堡睡眠质量指数量表和艾森克个性问卷进行问卷调查.结果 初中生受欺负的检出率为17.95%,男生高于女牛.受欺负初中生焦虑、抑郁和睡眠质量得分及检出率均高于一般学生(P值均<0.05).进入受欺负初中生焦虑回归方程的主要有受欺负程度、个性外倾和神经质,进入抑郁回归方程的主要有受欺负程度、受关系欺负,进入睡眠质量回归方程的主要有神经质和受欺负程度.结论 受欺负初中生具有明显的焦虑、抑郁情绪及睡眠障碍.受欺负程度对受欺负初中生的焦虑、抑郁、睡眠均有显著影响.

  4. Influence of Limitedly Visible Leafy Indoor Plants on the Psychology, Behavior, and Health of Students at a Junior High School in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ke-Tsung

    2009-01-01

    There is growing evidence to support the notion that contact with nature is helpful for emotional states, attention, mental fatigue, behavior, and personal health. This study adopts a quasi-experimental approach to investigate the effects of limitedly visible indoor plants on students' psychology, physiology, and behavior and uses a control-series…

  5. 初中生对理化课程不同教学方法喜好程度的调查研究%Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏佳; 李媛; 金惠文

    2012-01-01

    教师使用学生喜好的教学方法有利于培养学生对科学课程和科学积极的情感,本研究调查了l334名(男生679名,女生655名)初中学生,在目前物理、化学课堂中23种教学活动使用的频数,以及他们希望其使用的频数。调查数据用描述性统计和非参数检验分析,结果显示:现代教学方法和传统教学法均受到学生的肯定;学生强烈希望开展参观工厂、博物馆等教学活动;学生个体差异影响其对教学方法的喜好;女学生更喜欢听教师讲解和看教师演示实验;成绩好的学生更喜欢小组课题研究、小组讨论等。调查结果对教师理解学生和选择教学方法有启示作用。%Teachers using the methods that students preferred would most likely help develop their positive attitudes toward school science. This study analyzed Chinese junior high school students'actual experiences in physics and chemistry classrooms and their preferred teaching methods. A total of 1334 students (679 males and 655 females) completed the survey. Descriptive statistics (median and percentages) and nonparametric tests were used to analyze the data. It appears that the students liked both reform-based and traditional teaching methods. They also showed a great desire to visit factories, museums and other activities and their individual differences affect their preferences for teaching methods. The females prefer lectures and demonstrations by teachers. The higher achieving students prefer to do project work and group discussion. The findings have implications for teachers to choose teaching methods in consideration of both students' desires and reform-based instructional practices.

  6. 团体心理辅导对学业不良初中生学业求助的影响%Group Counseling for Improving Academic Help-seeking of Learning Disability Students in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕

    2012-01-01

    目的:探索团体心理辅导对学业不良初中生学业求助的影响.方法:从长沙市两所中学分别选取24名和20名学业不良学生,随机分成实验组和对照组.采用实验组控制组前后测实验设计,使用学业求助态度问卷和学业求助行为问卷进行测量.结果:团体心理辅导后实验组学生的学业求助态度(P<0.001)和学业求助行为(p<0.001)有明显改善.结论:团体心理辅导能够改善学业不良初中生的学业求助态度和学业求助行为.%Objective: To explore whether group counseling could improve academic help-seeking of students with learning disability in junior high school. Methods: This study selected two middle schools in Changsha City. 24 learning disability students were selected from the first school and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n= 12); 20 learning disability students were selected from another school and also were randomly divided into experimental group and control group (n=10). The experimental design was pre-test and post-test in the research, and the Academic Help-seeking Attitude Questionnaire and Academic Help-seeking Behavior Questionnaire were used for psychological measurement tools. Results: ①Group counseling could improve the benefits of help-seeking(P<0.001), and il could reduce the cost of help-seeking (P<0.001). ②Croup counseling did not improve the executive help-seeking and avoidance of help-seeking, but the instrumental help-seeking of the two experimental groups had significantly improved (P<0.001). Conclusion: Group counseling could improve learning disability students' academic help-seeking attitude and academic help-seeking behavior.

  7. Relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression symptoms among 1 417 junior high school students%童年期虐待与初中生抑郁症状关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婉婉; 刘阳; 余婷婷; 胡塔静; 葛星; 汪耿夫; 方玉; 苏普玉

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression in junior high school students.Methods A total of 1 417 junior high school students from the 7th,8th and 9th grade of three public schools were selected with cluster sampling in Huoqiu country and depressive symptoms,childhood maltreatment experience and general demographic were surveyed with Self-Rating Depression Scale and a self-designed questionnaire.Results The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 61.3% in the students.The detection rate was higher among the girls,students of 8th grades,and non-only-child students than among the boys,students of other grade and only-child students,with statistically significant differences (P < 0.05 for all).The detection rate was inversely related to the intimacy to parents and academic records of the students (P < 0.001).The detection rate of depression among the students with repeated childhood maltreatment was higher than among the student without the experience,with a significant difference(P < 0.05).Repeated serious physical abuse,moderate physical abuse,emotional abuse,contact sexual abuse,and non-contact sexual abuse in childhood were positivedly correlated to depression among the students,with the odds ratios of 1.989,1.436,1.698,2.834,and 2.235,respectively.Conclusion Repeated maltreatment in childhood is a risk factor of adolescent depression.%目的 探讨童年期虐待经历与初中生抑郁症状的关系.方法 整群抽取安徽省霍邱县3所乡镇普通初级中学的1 417名初中生,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、自编童年期虐待经历问卷和自编一般情况调查表进行问卷调查.结果 1 417名初中生中抑郁症状的检出率为61.3%,女生(66.7%)高于男生(56.6%),初二年级(64.4%)高于初一(62.4%)和初三年级(56.7%),非独生子女(63.5%)高于独生子女(54.9%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或P<0.001);与父母的关系从差、一般到亲密,

  8. 体验先行--初中物理生本教育有感%Experience First-Reflection on Junior High School Physics Students-orientation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佑小锋

    2012-01-01

    Students-orientation" is a kind of educational idea, and also an effective education pattern. Combing with the characteristics of each subject, students-orientation should have its learning guidance, physics teaching is "experience first". This paper talks about how to experience in life, demonstration, inquiry and application.%“生本教育”是一种教育理念,也是一种有效的教育实践模式。结合到每一学科的特点,生本教育都有该学科的学习指导意见,物理学科则是“体验先行”。本文分别从生活中、演示中、探究中、应用中谈谈学生如何进行体验。

  9. Iranian Junior High school English Book Series (Right Path to English Weighted against Material Evaluation Checklists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhad Golpour

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a course textbook is an overwhelming task for both teachers and administrators. The aim of this study was to evaluate Iranian junior high school textbook series base on validated criteria. For this purpose a careful analyzing textbook evaluation checklists suggested by Sheldon (1984 skierso (1991 and Tucker (1992 was picked out. Among proposed criteria, eighteen critical features were selected to analyze Iranian junior high school series written by Birjandi in (1991. The Criteria were applied to the series analytically by researcher to examine the materials. The criteria in a form of questionnaire given to 15 experienced teachers who were teaching mentioned series for more than ten years. The gathered data revealed that it lacks appropriate layout and physical characteristics, materials have not be recycled, not all skills have been considered equally, emphasis is on grammatical points which practiced through speaking and listening. Moreover; recordings are artificial, no attention is paid to students needs and topics are out of date and boring .Also audio-visual materials, teachers’ guide and communicative tasks seems to be forgotten by writer. Therefore; all eighteen features except vocabulary lists, availability of glossary and lots of grammatical points have not been considered a lot. That is, students' interests have been ignored totally and little communicative issues have been regarded in these series. In fact, at end of this determined time students would be proficient at structural points with no efficiency at communication. These findings can be helpful for curriculum designers, textbook writers to design some valuable textbooks that are useful for teachers to teach language communicatively. Keywords: Junior High school, Evaluation, book series, criteria

  10. Assessment practices in the English language classroom of Greek Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stavroula Vlanti

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to compare teacher and student perceptions concerning assessment in the English language classroom of Greek Junior High Schools. It focuses on exploring teacher assessment practices and students’ view of these. The degree of agreement between teacher and student views can affect the results of instruction and learning. The central finding of the study was that English language teachers follow an approach that keeps a balance between the requirements of the Cross-Thematic Curriculum (DEPPS for performance assessment and the official specifications which define final achievement tests. Students understand the purpose of assessment and the importance of attitudes towards learning and have a clear picture of methods and tasks used for their assessment. On the basis of these research findings, a series of suggestions about teachers and teacher trainers are put forward, focusing on teacher professional development, which, in turn, will promote student involvement and responsibility for learning.

  11. LEARNING STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION OF GENERATIVE LEARNING ASSISTED SCIENTIST’S CARD TO IMPROVE SELF EFFICACY OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT IN CLASS VIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Yuliarti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In general, self-efficacy of the students is still low. This study aims to determine the learning strategies implementation of generative learning assisted scientist's card in improving self-efficacy and cognitive learning outcomes of the students. The study designed form One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The improvement of self-efficacy can be determined from the change in the questionnaire score before and after the learning and observations during the learning process. Cognitive learning outcomes are known from pretest and posttest scores. To determine the improvement, the data were analyzed by using the gain test. The results showed that N-gain of self-efficacy is 0.13 (low and N-gain of cognitive learning is 0.60 (medium. Based on the observation, students’ self-efficacy has increased each meeting. Cognitive learning results also achieved mastery learning as big as 72.88%. It could be concluded that the learning strategy of generative learning assisted scientist's card can improve self efficacy and cognitive learning outcomes of the students.Pada umumnya, self efficacy yang dimiliki siswa masih rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan strategi pembelajaran generative learning berbantuan scientist’s card dalam meningkatkan self efficacy dan  hasil belajar  kognitif siswa.  Desain penelitian berbentuk One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. Peningkatan self efficacy dapat diketahui dari perubahan  skor angket sebelum dan sesudah pembelajaran dan hasil observasi selama pembelajaran. Hasil  belajar kognitif diketahui dari skor pretest dan posttest. Untuk mengetahui peningkatannya, data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan uji gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan self efficacy berkatagori rendah dan peningkatan hasil belajar kognitif berkatagori sedang. Berdasarkan hasil observasi, self efficacy siswa setiap pertemuan meningkat. Hasil belajar ranah kognitif juga mencapai ketuntasan belajar .Jadi dapat

  12. Smartphone and medical related App use among medical students and junior doctors in the United Kingdom (UK): a regional survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Smartphone usage has spread to many settings including that of healthcare with numerous potential and realised benefits. The ability to download custom-built software applications (apps) has created a new wealth of clinical resources available to healthcare staff, providing evidence-based decisional tools to reduce medical errors. Previous literature has examined how smartphones can be utilised by both medical student and doctor populations, to enhance educational and workplace activities, with the potential to improve overall patient care. However, this literature has not examined smartphone acceptance and patterns of medical app usage within the student and junior doctor populations. Methods An online survey of medical student and foundation level junior doctor cohorts was undertaken within one United Kingdom healthcare region. Participants were asked whether they owned a Smartphone and if they used apps on their Smartphones to support their education and practice activities. Frequency of use and type of app used was also investigated. Open response questions explored participants’ views on apps that were desired or recommended and the characteristics of apps that were useful. Results 257 medical students and 131 junior doctors responded, equating to a response rate of 15.0% and 21.8% respectively. 79.0% (n=203/257) of medical students and 74.8% (n=98/131) of junior doctors owned a smartphone, with 56.6% (n=115/203) of students and 68.4% (n=67/98) of doctors owning an iPhone. The majority of students and doctors owned 1–5 medical related applications, with very few owning more than 10, and iPhone owners significantly more likely to own apps (Chi sq, papp usage of several times a day. Over 24hours apps were used for between 1–30 minutes for students and 1–20 minutes for doctors, students used disease diagnosis/management and drug reference apps, with doctors favouring clinical score/calculator apps. Conclusions This study found a high level of

  13. Medical student clerkship performance and career selection after a junior medical student surgical mentorship program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, K M; Schwartz, T M; Rao, V; Khokhar, M T; Miner, T J; Harrington, D T; Ryder, B A

    2016-02-01

    The impact of early medical school mentorship in students' clerkships performance and career selection is unknown. We administered Introduction to Surgery, a resident-directed, semester-long, preclinical elective to junior medical students who answered a Likert-type survey after residency application. Elective participants (EPs) were compared with nonparticipant applicants (EAs), medical school class (MS), and national match outcomes (USA). All 18 EPs (7 M1's, 11 M2's) completed the elective and survey. EP reported more confidence and improved surgical skills, especially attributed to resident mentorship (F(13,237) = 2.3, P = 8*10(-3)). EP "honored" the clerkship more than MS (P = .05); 55.6% of EP, 37.5% of EA, and 27.7% of MS chose surgical fields, yielding a relative risk of 2.0 for EP vs MS (95% confidence interval: 1.3 to 3.2, P = 4*10(-3)). EP "strongly agree" with future mentorship programs (4.6/5), and 1 EP reported the course to be the "main reason" for applying to general surgery. Introduction to Surgery provides a model for a multifaceted junior medical student mentorship program, which has the potential to retain interested students for surgical career selection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. The evaluation of psycho-emotional state in junior students of medical university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Pavliuk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently, psychosocial factors, stress and mental exhaustion are considered by WHO experts and the International Labour Organization as an important new factor affecting the health, working capacity, training and career. Young generation, especially students, who are an industrial and intellectual potential of the country can be attributed to the risk group because of the extremely high burden of adaptation. The intensity and tension of modern life at a psychological level preceding the occurrence of negative emotional experiences and stress reactions that, accumulating, cause the formation of depressions. The aim of the study was to examine the level of psycho-emotional stress in the junior students of medical university. The observations of the medical students of the second year of study were performed. To determine the psycho-emotional stress we have used adaptive varint of H.Ayzenko method that include an anxiety, frustration, aggressiveness and rigidity, through questionnaires. According to a survey results of the state of psycho-emotional state low levels of stress resistance were found in students in learning activities, indicating that students are exposed to the negative impact of the environment. It should also be noted that the level of emotional condition of students depends on the personal experience of stressful situations that arise in students’ lives.

  15. "A steep learning curve": junior doctor perspectives on the transition from medical student to the health-care workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturman, Nancy; Tan, Zachary; Turner, Jane

    2017-05-26

    The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition. Final-year University of Queensland medical students recruited junior doctors working in diverse hospital settings, and videorecorded individual semi-structured interviews about their transition from medical student to working as a junior doctor. Two clinical academics (NS and JT) and an intern (ZT) independently conducted a descriptive analysis of interview transcripts, and identified preliminary emerging concepts and themes, before reaching agreement by consensus on the major overarching themes. Three key themes emerged from the analysis of 15 interviews: internship as a "steep learning curve"; relationships and team; and seeking help. Participants described the intern transition as physically, mentally and emotionally exhausting. They learned to manage long days, administrative and clinical tasks, frequent interruptions and time pressures; identify priorities; deal with criticism without compromising key relationships; communicate succinctly; understand team roles (including their own status within hospital hierarchies); and negotiate conflict. Participants reported a drop in self-confidence, and difficulty maintaining self-care and social relationships. Although participants emphasised the importance of escalating concerns and seeking help to manage patients, they appeared more reluctant to seek help for personal issues and reported a number of barriers to doing so. Findings may assist educators in refining their intern preparation and intern

  16. 苏州市区中小学生饮食健康调查及分析%Investigation and Analysis of Dietary Health Among Students of Primary School and Junior High School in Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏红; 马姣姣; 孔玉兰

    2012-01-01

    A dietary health-related questionnaire was designed and conducted in 511 students of 9 primary and junior high schools in Pingjiang, Jinchang, Canglang and the New District of Suzhou city. The result showed that 61.87% of students had dairy foods in their breakfast, but lacked of vegetables and fruits. A proportion of students had not good habit such as picking about food, preferring foreign fast foods, drinking soft drink instead of water. Their main sports activity was in school. They achieved information about good diet through fami- ly, reading and school. We suggested that the education about dietary health should be improved.%以问卷调查的方式,对苏州市平江区、沧浪区、金阊区、新区的9所学校511位五年级至初二的学生进行了调查。调查发现,学生的早餐规律性尚可,早餐含乳制品的学生比例达61.87%,但普遍缺少蔬菜或水果;休息日用餐规律性出现波动;学生的运动时间主要在学校体育课;大部分学生饮食习惯尚可,但也有一定比例的学生存在挑食、喜欢洋快餐、用饮料代替饮水等不良习惯;家庭教育、书刊阅读是学生获取饮食健康信息的主要渠道。针对这些情况学校和家庭都应该加强学生饮食健康教育方式方法的研究,提高教育效果,使学生终身受益。

  17. The Analysis of Learning Objectives in Iranian Junior High School English Text books based on Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayoub Rahpeyma

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to evaluate the Iranian junior high school English text books according to learning objectives of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (2001 to find which learning levels of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy were more common in these text books. The primary data in this study came from the newly published English text book, English for Schools series consisting of two three-volume series named Prospect 1, 2 and English book grade three named Right Path to English. Therefore, the data sources were junior high school English text books contents. This study is important as these course books are the first English text books that have been prescribed for Iranian junior high school students to study from 2014. To fulfill the purpose of this study, the contents of junior high school English text books were codified by a coding scheme of BRT. The data were then analyzed; at the first step the frequency and percentage of occurrence of different learning objectives from each book was separately considered and then the average of the whole books were calculated. Results from the codification of 439 tasks and exercises indicated that in three grades, the first three low levels in BRT were the most prevalent than higher learning levels in Iranian junior high school English text books. In addition an important difference was found among the text books in their inclusion of different levels of learning objectives of two dimensions of BRT (knowledge and cognitive. This study can provide useful information for text book development, curriculum writers, and syllabus designers to boost English learning in the EFL setting of Iran. Keywords: Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, Junior high school English text books, Text book

  18. Junior High School Mathematics Exercise Teaching%初中数学习题教学探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨传松

    2014-01-01

    随着我国教育改革的不断深入,习题教学已成为初中数学教学的重要课题,因此在初中数学的课堂教学过程中,必须重视对数学习题的教学。本文主要分析了初中数学习题教学的重要性,以及初中数学习题教学中普遍存在的错题类型,再根据笔者的教学经验,总结出了初中数学习题教学的实践策略,以期教师能够在初中数学教学中合理地把握习题教学,提高学生的数学成绩,从而提升数学教学的整体效率。%With the deepening of China's education reform, teaching exercises has become an important topic of teaching junior high school math, so the junior high school mathematics classroom teaching process, we must attach importance to the teaching of mathematics exercises. This paper analyzes the importance of teaching junior high school mathematics exercises, and the wrong question type in teaching junior high school mathematics prevalent, according to the author's teaching exper-ience, summed up the practical exercises junior high school mathematics teaching strategies in order to be able to junior high school mathematics teachers teaching reasonable assurance exercises in teaching to enhance students' math scores, thereby enhancing the overall efficiency of mathematics teaching.

  19. The high school "Junior Theme" as an adolescent rite of passage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, R

    1988-08-01

    This paper examines high school research projects as an adolescent transitional episode that demarks acquisition of a capacity for prolonged creative effort. Whereas tests of courage are important in many subsistence societies, in ours a valued quality of adulthood is the ability to think and act on one's own. Self-report data from 154 students working on a "Junior Theme" are employed to illustrate the psychological significance of this kind of "rite." The students report a range of emotional states that are well out of their normal school experience. Many go through a process of personal involvement and self-searching that resembles an identity quest. As a result of the project students feel they have acquired a new status, one that separates them from the uninitiated and puts them closer to the status and power of an autonomous adult.

  20. Perceived Sources of Stress among Junior & Mid-Senior Egyptian Dental Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedky, Nabila A

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the sources of stress among dental students enrolled at Pharos University in Alexandria (PUA) - Egypt, and to explore the role of gender, level of undergraduate study and residence with parents on perceived stressors. A thirty-item self-reported modified version of the Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire was administered to 537 junior and mid-senior undergraduate dental students during the academic fall semester 2010, with a response rate of 79.89%. Workload, performance pressure, and self-efficacy beliefs constituted the most stress-provoking factors. Female students experienced greater stress than males for all stressor items except for "Self-Efficacy Beliefs" and "Faculty & Administration" with no statistically significant difference by gender. Mid-senior dental students registered higher levels of perceived stress for "Workload", "Self-Efficacy Beliefs", and "Personal Factors" stressors in comparison to their junior peers. Those students who lived away of their parents were at higher risk of perceived stress than those students who lived with their parents. "Uncertainty about future dental career" was the first best predictor variable by gender. Whereas, "Difficulty of classwork" was the first predictor variable by both level of undergraduate study and residence with parents. Female dental students had higher mean overall problem scores compared to their male counterparts, mid-senior students showed some higher perceived problems compared to junior students, and students who lived away from their parents revealed higher levels of perceived stress.

  1. 父母教养行为与初中生内化问题的关系%The Relationship Between Parenting Behavior and Internalizing Problems of junior high school students; Mediating Role of Psychological Capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭琨; 董洋; 王默

    2016-01-01

    采用问卷调查法,考察了732名初中生的父母教养行为、心理资本与内化问题的关系。研究结果表明:(1)温暖接纳负向预测青少年内化问题作用显著,心理控制正向预测内化问题作用显著;行为控制对内化问题的预测作用不显著。(2)温暖接纳、行为控制正向预测事务型和人际型心理资本作用显著;心理控制负向预测事务型心理资本作用显著。(3)温暖接纳通过增加两种心理资本来减少内化问题。心理控制通过减少事务型心理资本来增加内化问题。行为控制表现出不一致的中介:一方面通过增加两种资本减少内化问题,另一方面在残余的直接效应中又会增加内化问题。%To explore the relationship between parenting behavior, psychological capital and internalizing problems of junior high school students. The mediating role of psychological capital will be investigated between the parenting behavior and the internalizing problems. This study selected 732 students as the research object. By using indigenous psychological capital scale, behavior at school questionnaire and parenting behavior questionnaire as research tools. Results :(a)Internalizing problems is negative predicted significantly by warm acceptance. Internalizing problems can be positive predicted significantly by psychological control. Internalizing problems can not significant predicted by behavior control. (b) Warm acceptance, behavioral control can positive predict task-oriented psychological capital and relationship-oriented psychological capital. Psychological control can negative predict the two kinds of psychological capital. (c)Warm acceptance can reduce the adolescent internalizing problem by adding two psychological capitals. Psychological control can increase the adolescent internalizing problem by reducing the two psychological capitals. Behavior control exhibited inconsistent intermediary. On one hand

  2. 上海市某区初中生亲子沟通状况分析%Parent-child communication status and related factors among junior high school students in a district of Shang-hai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾; 徐燕

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore present situation and the influencing factors on parent-child communication a-mong junior high school students.Methods An adolescent parent-child communication psychological questionnaire survey was conducted among 602 junior middle school students in a district of Shanghai.Results The scores of adolescent parent-child communication were decreased from grade 6 (114.82 ±18.45)to grade 8 (102.26 ±18.79)firstly,then increased in grade 9.About gender difference,the communication with the father’s participating in orientation,flexibility and dynam-ic dimensions of communication level in girls were significantly higher than that in boys (t values were -2.052, -2.547,-0.647,P <0.05 ).The communication with mother in the forms of communication in orientation,emotional needs, communication and communication level of flexibility and power dimensions in girls were obviously higher than that of boys (t values were -2.828, -2.621, -2.564, -2.065,P <0.05 ).However,the light touch and active listening in boys were significantly higher than that in girls (t values were 2.859,3.650,P <0.01 ).Students in different grade showed significant different parents communication levels,grade 6 followed by grade 9,grade 7 and grade 8.Students in dif-ferent grades had different communication level with their fathers in the orientation,emotional needs,control needs,under-standing,motivation,ability and total score were significantly different (P <0.05).On the communication with mother in the orientation,emotional needs,domination,light touch,understanding,motivation,ability and total score were signifi-cantly differences (P <0.05).Orientation communication level in students with their father were significantly higher than with their mother (P <0.01).The total score,motivation and ability dimension and emotional need,dominance and un-derstand the factors of communication with their mother’s level were higher than with his father (t values were -7.610,-3.281, -3.594, -5

  3. The Application of Phonics to Vocabulary Teaching in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡渲

    2016-01-01

    English teachers in Junior school should use phonics and teach their students the relations between the pronunciation and the form of words, guiding students cultivate a suitable way to remember words. In order to lay a solid foundation for students’ English learning in the future, teachers help students improve their spelling and pronunciation by teaching phonics.

  4. On the Cultivation of Junior High School Physics Teaching Students Creative Thinking Ability%浅谈初中物理教学中学生创造性思维能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹强

    2014-01-01

    As a junior high school physical education workers,we should take various effective means, stimulate the students’ independent thinking and innovation consciousness, promote the development of students’ creative thinking, for conveying talents with creative ability for the society.%作为一名初中物理教育工作者,应通过采取各种有效手段,激发学生独立思考和创新意识,促进学生创造性思维的发展,争取为社会输送出具有创新能力的优秀人才。

  5. How Are Community, Technical, and Junior Colleges Putting Technology to Work for Their Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeHart, A. Robert; And Others

    1987-01-01

    In these four technology-related articles, Robert DeHart examines uses of satellite technology; Jack Pirkey describes televised instruction at Tarrant County Junior College (Texas); Baxter Hood focuses on occupational curriculum development at York Technical College (South Carolina); and Richard Schinoff considers computer-based student services…

  6. A Quantitative Assessment of the Cultural Knowledge, Attitudes, and Experiences of Junior and Senior Dietetics Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArthur, Laura H.; Greathouse, Karen R.; Smith, Erskine R.; Holbert, Donald

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To assess the cultural competence of dietetics majors. Design: Self-administered questionnaire. Setting: Classrooms at 7 universities. Participants: Two hundred eighty-three students--98 juniors (34.6%) and 185 seniors (65.4%)--recruited during class time. Main Outcome Measures: Knowledge was measured using a multiple-choice test,…

  7. Effect of Self Regulated Learning Approach on Junior Secondary School Students' Achievement in Basic Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nwafor, Chika E.; Obodo, Abigail Chikaodinaka; Okafor, Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    This study explored the effect of self-regulated learning approach on junior secondary school students' achievement in basic science. Quasi-experimental design was used for the study.Two co-educational schools were drawn for the study through simple random sampling technique. One school was assigned to the treatment group while the other was…

  8. Community and Junior College Concern for and Services Provided to Part-Time Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kegel, Paul L.

    A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample (n=395) of public, private (including proprietary) and church-related community and junior colleges for the purpose of identifying the nature of part-time students in such institutions, the extent to which they participate in or are included in college programs and activities, and the various ways in…

  9. Using Computers to Solve Mathematics by Junior Secondary School Students in Edo State Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olusi, F. I.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of computer aided instruction and traditional method of instruction on the junior secondary school students achievement in mathematics. Four research questions and hypotheses were stated and tested in the study. The design of the study was the pre-test post-test control group experimental…

  10. An Investigation on Students Academic Performance for Junior Secondary Schools in Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    MolokoMphale, Luke; Mhlauli, Mavis B.

    2014-01-01

    The major purpose of the study was to investigate factors which contribute to the decline in students' academic performance in junior secondary schools in Botswana since 2010. The study was mainly quantitative and used the positivist inquiry paradigm. The study employed critical theory for its theoretical framework. Questionnaires were used to…

  11. Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Sheila Devi; Aly Diana; Setiawan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia. Methods: A cross sectional st...

  12. Relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style in junior high school students%初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜蕾

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style,to provide the basis for coping with pressure positively. [Method] Social Support Rating Scale, Self-Acceptance Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used in 355 Dezhou junior high school students. (Results] 1) Junior high school students' self-acceptance, social support and active coping style were significantly different in the dimension that whether they're class cadre(P1 =0. 037,P2 =0. 000,P3 =0. 001) ;2)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with self-acceptance(r1 =0. 314,r2 =0. 279). They also had positive predict ability to itj3)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with active coping style(r1 =0. 408.r2 =0. 341). They also had positive predict ability to it; the objective support and the use of support were significantly negative related with negative coping style(r1 =- 0. 114,r2 =- 0. 122). They also had positive predict ability to it;4)the dimensions of self-acceptance were positive related with active coping style and had positive predict ability to it; the dimension self-acceptance was negative related with negative coping style and had positive predict ability to it(r=-0. 241). [Conclusions] Students should be encouraged to take more work as students' leaders to improve the level of social support and self-acceptance so that they can take positive steps when coping with pressure.%[目的] 探讨初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系,旨在为培养初中生积极应对生活压力提供依据. [方法] 采用社会支持评定量表、自我接纳量表、简易应对方式量表对德州355名初中生进行问卷调查. [结果] 1)初中生自我接纳、社会支持和积极应对在是否是班干部维度上差异均有统计学意义(P1=0.037,P2 =0.000,P3=0.001,P均<0.05);2)社会支持的主观支持和对支持的利用度两

  13. Exploration on English Reading Teaching in Junior High Schools%初中英语阅读教学探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    那银

    2014-01-01

    阅读教学在初中英语教学中占据重要地位,是学生增长知识、提高技能的重要途径,对提高英语教学质量起着重要作用。但目前初中英语阅读教学的现状不容乐观,存在一些问题亟待改进。本文主要从分析初中英语阅读教学存在的问题入手,探讨初中英语阅读教学的策略。%Reading teaching occupies an important position in ju-nior high school English teaching, and it is an important way of increasing students' knowledge and improving their skills, so it plays an important role in improving the quality of English teach-ing. However, the current status of English reading teaching in junior high schools is not optimistic, and there are some problems urgently to be solved. Starting from analyzing the problems exist-ing in junior high school English reading teaching, this paper discusses the strategies of English reading teaching in junior high schools.

  14. 初中生人际交往能力、学业成绩及其发展背景系统间的关系%Relationships Among the Interpersonal Competence, Academic Achievement and Developmental Contexts of Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张野; 卢笳

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷法调查586名初中生,探讨其人际交往能力、学业水平及发展背景系统的互动关系模式。研究发现初二学生的人际交往能力表现最为突出。高交往能力学生的学业成绩明显优于低交往能力学生。良好的父母教养方式能有效促进学生的人际交往能力,有助于积极师生关系和同伴关系的发展。人际交往能力受家庭教养背景系统的直接影响,并作用于学校人际背景系统,两大系统以直接或间接方式影响学业成绩。%Interpersonal competence is a major part of one' s social competence. It is the important driving force for one' s successful socialization and adaptation to the society, while academic achievement is the core indicator of one' s learning ability and school environment adaptability. These two are the key aspects of a teenager' s individual development and also significant for them to get adapted to the society in the future. For junior high school students, adaptability in various aspects develops in different degrees in the double developmental contexts of family and school and manifests itself as division of interpersonal competence and difference in academic achievement. Thus, a systematic study of junior high school students' interpersonal competence and academic achievement has its theoretical and realistic significance for the improvement of the future social development. Based on a questionnaire survey which included EMBU, Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire -- Chinese Version ( ICQ - R) and a questionnaire of the teacher-student relationship of junior high school students and peer nomination from 586 junior high school students ranging from grade one to grade three, this study established and validated a theoretical model through a structural equation model and explored the interactive relationship model of junior high school students' interpersonal competence, their academic achievement and the

  15. Predicting Academic Success of Junior Secondary School Students in Mathematics through Cognitive Style and Problem Solving Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badru, Ademola K.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the prediction of academic success of Junior secondary school mathematics students using their cognitive style and problem solving technique. A descriptive survey of correlation type was adopted for this study. A purposive sampling procedure was used to select five Public Junior secondary schools in Ijebu-Ode local government…

  16. Conspiracy of Silence. The Loneliness of Victims of Gender-Based Peer Violence in Polish Junior High Schools. Research Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwona Chmura-Rutkowska

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This research report is an integral part of a larger research project focused on analyzing peer violence which is driven by gender stereotypes and prejudices (including sexual harassment and which is experienced by female and male students of Polish junior high schools. The present qualitative research results are the effect of eight interviews and group discussions carried out in the first half of 2013. The interviewees and discussion participants were students of four different junior high schools in different towns and villages. The discussions focused on the following issues: girls' and boys' strategies of enduring, resisting or confronting gender-based violence and harassment; their reactions and coping mechanisms as victims and/or witnesses of gender-based violence or harassment; how adolescents perceived the roles of adults (that is teachers, parents, professionals in the their experiences of violence.

  17. Educational Effect of Class Size and Teaching Methods on Teaching and Learning : Differences among Subjects of Junior High School Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    藤井, 宣彰; 水野, 考; 山崎, 博敏

    2007-01-01

    Teaching and learning in public junior high school were assessed by teachers. It was found that class size has negative effect on student's learning in math. And it has also negative effect on teacher's teaching in Japanese, Social Studies, Science and English. The smaller the class size is, the easier the teaching. It was also found that small group teaching method was useful especially in English.

  18. Economic Choices: China after Mao. High School and Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education.

    This unit, developed for high school and community college students, has a two-fold purpose: to introduce students to free market and planned economic systems, and to examine China's recent efforts to supplement its planned economy with market mechanisms. The unit is appropriate for a variety of courses, including economics, social studies,…

  19. 数学学习困难初中生的记忆广度特点%The Short-Term Memory Span and Working Memory Span of Junior High School Students With Math Learning Disability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡丹; 李其维; 邓赐平

    2011-01-01

    task which measured digit working memory can could better predict math achievement than the other two tasks which measured short-term memory and reading working memory. (4) The developmental trend of memory span among the junior middle school students was not significant. To conclude, MLD students couldn't finish the tasks with high loaded working memory demand, but they were able to finish some simple cognitive tasks such as the short-term memory task, which meant that the counter interference and attention control abilities deficit were the core deficit in the MLD.%记忆广度包括短时记忆广度和工作记忆广度,为揭示数学学习困难学生认知缺损特点,筛选103名初中生(平均年龄12.57岁),比较数学困难学生(49名)与数学优秀学生(54名)的记忆广度差异,通过词语系列任务、阅读广度任务以及倒背数字任务,分别测查短时记忆、言语工作记忆以及数字工作记忆。结果发现,数困组与优秀组的学生在词语系列任务中没有显著差异(t=-1.59,P〉.05),在阅读广度任务中,具有显著差异(t=-2.38,P〈0.05),在倒背数字任务中具有极其显著的差异(t=-4.69,P〈.01)。阅读广度和倒背数字之间具有显著相关(r=.24,p〈.05),词语系列任务与阅读广度(r=.19,P〉.05)和倒背数字任务(r=.05,P〉.05)之间不存在显著相关。研究表明,在具有干扰情况的任务更能有效预测数学成绩,数学学习困难的认知缺损主要是对抗干扰的能力不足,而非简单的短时记忆广度。

  20. STAD AS A STRATEGY OF TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Ferina

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This research investigated whether there was a significant difference on students’ achievement in reading comprehension taught using STAD and lecture method. The sample was the eighth-graders of SMPN 3 Banjarmasin. A quasi-experimental design was employed in this research. The experimental group was taught using STAD while control group was taught using lecture method. A reading comprehension test as the instrument of collecting data was administered for both groups. Based on the research result using t-test, it was found that the t value was higher than t-table (2.39315 > 2.00 which means that there is a significant difference of achievement between the experimental group and control group. From these findings it can be interpreted that the use of STAD is more effective than lecture method in teaching reading comprehension for junior high school students. It is suggested for English teachers in Junior High School to use STAD in teaching reading since it is useful in improving students’ reading comprehension achievement.

  1. The associations among fundamental movement skills, self-reported physical activity and academic performance during junior high school in Finland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaakkola, Timo; Hillman, Charles; Kalaja, Sami; Liukkonen, Jarmo

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyse the longitudinal associations between (1) fundamental movement skills (FMSs) and academic performance, and (2) self-reported physical activity and academic performance through junior high school in Finland. The participants of the study were 325 Finnish students (162 girls and 163 boys), who were 13 years old at the beginning of the study at Grade 7. Students performed three FMS tests and responded to a self-reported physical activity questionnaire at Grades 7 and 8. Marks in Finnish language, mathematics and history from Grades 7, 8 and 9 were collected. Structural equation modelling with multigroup method demonstrated that in the boys' group, a correlation (0.17) appeared between FMS and academic performance measured at Grade 7. The results also indicated that FMS collected at Grade 8 were significantly but weakly (path coefficient 0.14) associated with academic performance at Grade 9 for both gender groups. Finally, the results of this study demonstrated that self-reported physical activity was not significantly related to academic performance during junior high school. The findings of this study suggest that mastery of FMS may contribute to better student achievement during junior high school.

  2. Inductive-Deductive Approach to Improve Mathematical Problem Solving for Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmah, Mariam Ar

    2017-02-01

    This research is experimental quantitative about quasi experiment that emphasize on improve mathematical understanding and problem solving for Junior High School students by inductive-deductive implementation. The population of this research are all of students at IX degree students in Subang 2012/2013. Two of nine classes were chosen as sample for this research. The topic which used is probability including random occurrence, basics of chance, relative frequency, calculation of probability, determining the value of probability, the expected frequency and the combined odds of two events. The instrument that was used are test and non-test. Mathematical understanding and problem solving were used as a test methods. Meanwhile questionnaire, and observation sheet were used as non-test methods. The data was analyzed by Mann-Whitney and t-test. According to whole analyze in this research, can be concluded: 1) the student improvement of mathematical understanding by using inductive-deductive approach is in middle quality, 2) there is no significant difference at improvement mathematical understanding between experimental class and control class, 3) the improvement of student’s ability in mathematical problem solving that use inductive-deductive approach has a low quality, 4) there is no significant difference at mathematical problem solving between experimental class and control class, 5) most of students has positive responses to mathematic learning by inductive-deductive approach, although the students have many problems when learning takes place.

  3. The Relationship between Meta-worry and Test Anxiety of Junior High School Students:The Mediating Effects of Academic Self-efficacy%初中生元担忧与考试焦虑的关系:学业自我效能感的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠惠; 黄露莹

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between junior middle school students'meta-worry,academic self-efficacy and test anxiety in order to prevent and relieve the test anxiety of junior high school students .Methods Using meta-worry scale,academic self-efficacy questionnaire ,test anxiety scale to survey 297 junior school students in Ningxia .Results ①Meta-worry had a significantly posi-tive correlation with test anxiety(r=0.52,P<0.01);Test anxiety had a significantly negative correlation with academic self-efficacy (r=-0.34,P<0.01);Meta-worry had a significantly negative correlation with academic self-efficacy(r=-0.18,P<0.05);②Accord-ing to the structural equation model ,academic self-efficacy plays a partially intermediary role in the relationship between meta-worry and test anxiety(8.78%of the total effect).Conclusion The meta-worry of junior high school students has a major impact on test anxiety , and it reduces the level of academic self-efficacy,leading to the test anxiety .%目的:探讨元担忧、学业自我效能感及考试焦虑的关系,为预防和缓解初中生考试焦虑提供实证依据。方法采用元担忧量表、学业自我效能感问卷、考试焦虑量表对297名初中生进行问卷调查。结果①元担忧与考试焦虑显著正相关( r=0.52,P<0.01),考试焦虑与学业自我效能感显著负相关(r=-0.34,P<0.01),元担忧与学业自我效能感显著负相关(r=-0.18,P<0.05);②在元担忧对考试焦虑的预测中,学业自我效能感发挥了部分中介作用,中介效应占总效应的8.78%。结论元担忧对考试焦虑有重要影响,并且会降低学业自我效能感,从而导致考试焦虑。

  4. Symptomatic vergence disorders in junior high school children in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Darko-Takyi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Optometrists in Ghana are hampered in performing comprehensive binocular vision assessments, because of the lack of appropriate instruments leading to a paucity of data on vergence disorders and their association with asthenopia among Ghanaian school children.Aim: To establish the prevalence of symptomatic vergence disorders among junior high school (JHS children in Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana, in their habitual (vision states and investigate if there were any associations between these disorders and specific asthenopic symptoms.Methods: A prospective cross-sectional school-based study using a multistage sample of 627 participants aged 12–17 years from JHSs in Cape Coast Metropolis. Participants completed a reliable asthenopic symptoms questionnaire and 220 participants who expressed two or more severe or very severe symptoms were selected for comprehensive binocular vision assessment in their habitual vision state.Results: The prevalence of symptomatic vergence disorders among JHS children in Cape Coast Metropolis was 14.8%. For specific symptomatic vergence disorders, the prevalence was: 1.4% basic esophoria, 1.4% basic exophoria, 8.6% convergence insufficiency, 1.8% convergence excess, 0.8% fusional vergence dysfunctions and 0.8% divergence excess. No participant had symptomatic divergence insufficiency. The study revealed significant associations between some specific symptomatic vergence disorders and specific asthenopic symptoms even though all of these asthenopic symptoms overlapped in other vergence disorders.Conclusion: Presenting complaints of specific asthenopic symptoms does not differentiate between specific types of vergence disorders. A comprehensive binocular vision assessment is vital in the diagnosis and management of these disorders to relieve asthenopia.

  5. Exploration on Strategies to Stimulate Junior High School Students' Interest in English Learning%初中学生英语学习兴趣激发策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2016-01-01

    Interest is the inner impetus of students' learning and determines whether they can learn well or not. Learning interest can bring students' subjective initiative into play and multiply their learning effect, so it is vital to cultivate students' learning interest and improve their subjective initiative in learning. Mean-while, the cultivation of their interest in English learning is the definite requirement proposed by the new curriculum standard for English. Therefore, junior English teachers should effectively cultivate students' learning interest and improve their initiative in learning by exploring teaching methods, teaching models and classroom activities, as well as the relevant strategies.%兴趣是学生学习的内在动力,是学习好坏的关键,一旦学生有了学习兴趣,他们就会在学习中发挥主观能动性,学习的效果就会事半功倍,因此,培养学生的学习兴趣,提高学习的自主能动性非常重要。同时,培养初中学生的英语学习兴趣,是英语新课标的明确要求,初中英语教师要做好兴趣培养工作,从教学方法、教学模式以及课堂活动的组织等方面开展探究,选择合理的兴趣培养策略,提高学生的学习积极性。

  6. An Evaluation of the English Achievement Test for Junior High School Graduation 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶译

    2013-01-01

    This paper evaluates the Achievement Test for Junior High School Graduation in reliability, validity and practicality, which is aimed to help junior English teachers to understand how to identify a useful test and develop their test writing skills as well as improve their teaching. The result suggests that the Achievement Test is a reasonably reliable and valid test though some of the listening items need to be improved. It is the ideal frame of evaluating language learning through language testing.

  7. THE GAME TECHNIQUE NTCHNIQUE STIMULATING LEARNING ACTIVITY OF JUNIOR STUDENTS SPECIALIZING IN ECONOMICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juri. S. Ezrokh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is aimed at specifying and developing the modern control system of current academic achievements of junior university students; and the main task is to find the adequate ways for stimulating the junior students’ learning activities, and estimating their individual achievements.Methods: The author applies his own assessment method for estimating and stimulating students’ learning outcomes, based on the rating-point system of gradually obtained points building up a student’s integrated learning outcomes.Results: The research findings prove that implementation of the given method can increase the motivational, multiplicative and controlling components of the learning process.Scientific novelty: The method in question is based on the new original game approach to controlling procedures and stimulation of learning motivation of the economic profile students.Practical significance: The recommended technique can intensify the incentivebased training activities both in and outside a classroom, developing thereby students’ professional and personal qualities.

  8. How to improve the junior middle school students' English writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵蔚

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1.IntroductionThe purpose of middle school English teaching is to improve the students' English listening,speaking,reading and writing.But now most of students think that writing composition in English is difficult.They can hardly express themselves with their own words.Some of them write composition in English,just according to the Chinese meaning word by word. As an English teacher,it's very necessary to give guidance on the students' writing and it's quite important for the students to practice writing more.

  9. Evaluation and Report on Consumer and Homemaking Program in Depressed Areas. Utterback Junior High School Program. Wakefield Junior High School Program. June and July, 1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noon, Madeline Estella; Hanson, Connie

    The document describes the consumer and home economics summer programs for grade 7 and grade 8 girls in two junior high schools. The programs provided opportunities to learn basic sewing and cooking skills, as well as personal improvement such as grooming, hygiene, posture, and modeling. A number of field trips to supplement the class instruction…

  10. Sleep quality, sleep pattern and self-rated depression and anxiety among junior high school students in Macau%澳门特别行政区初三学生的睡眠质量、睡眠模式与抑郁、焦虑情绪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶智恒; 潘集阳; 刘亚平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the sleep quality, sleep model and self-rated depression, anxiety among junior high school students in Macau Administrative Region. Methods: Totally 535 Form 3 students of junior high school in Macau was chosen. Their sleep quality was evaluated with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the presence of sleepiness in the morning was evaluated with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the pattern of sleep was evaluated with the Morningness and Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ). Their depression and anxiety symptoms were evaluated with the Beck Depression Scale (BDI) and State-trait Anxiety Scale (STAI). Results: The PSQI and ESS average scores were (5. 2 ± 2. 6) and (8. 4 ± 4. 7) respectively. The females'PSQI [ (5. 5 ± 2. 5) vs. (4. 8 ±2. 6)] and ESS [(8. 9 ±4. 6) vs. (8. 0 ±4. 8)] scores were higher than that of males. The MEQ average score was (13. 3 ±3. 1), and the females' MEQ score was lower than that of males [ (12. 8 ±3.0) vs. (13. 7 ± 3.2),P<0. 01

  11. Sidelights of China-Japan Friendship Cities Junior Middle School Students Table Tennis Friendship Tournament

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The China-Japan Friendship Cities Junior Middle School Students Table Tennis Friendship Tournament,jointly organized by the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (CPAFFC), the China-Japan Friendship Association(CJFA), the China Table Tennis Association (CTTA), the Japan-China Friendship Association (JCFA), and the Japan Table Tennis Association(JTTA), was held in Beijing from August 16 to 21 on the occasion of the 40th

  12. [Sex education : representations of 13- to 15-year-old junior high school children and slow learners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Dominique; Rochigneux, Jean-Claude; Bernard, Sandie; Morand, Josette; Mougniotte, Alain

    2015-01-01

    In France, the National Education system has attributed an important health and sex education role to its teachers, based on a global and positive vision of sexuality Parents, teachers, public services and specialized resources each have a role to play in sex education for children and adolescents so that each young person can receive an education allowing him or her to enjoy a healthy sexuality. This study investigated the individual representations of sexuality, declared practices and knowledge of junior high schoolchildren and Section d'Enseignement G6n6ral et Professionnel Adapt6 (SEGPA) students, a structure for children with serious learning difficulties. The study methodology was based on administration of questionnaires (n = 524) to the two cohorts concerned. The secondary objective was to compare these two populations and identify the specificities of SEGPA pupils. The conclusions of this study should allow adults in charge of sex education in junior high schools and SEGPA to adapt sex education tools.

  13. The dominance analysis on predictive factors of internet addiction among junior high school students in Daqing city%大庆市初中生网络成瘾预测因素的优势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹建琴

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨大庆市初中生网络成瘾预测因素的相对贡献,为网络成瘾的针对性干预提供依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,抽取大庆市4所初中646名学生为研究对象进行心理测评;通过优势分析的方法探索生活事件等预测因素对网络成瘾的相对贡献.结果 网络成瘾与生活事件、交往焦虑、抑郁和积极应对的相关系数分别为0.39,0.15,0.12,0.09,P值均小于0.05;分层回归表明,人口学变量解决网络成瘾总方差的15%,社会支持、生活事件、应对方式和情绪变量联合解释网络成瘾总方差的23%;控制人口学变量后,预测网络成瘾的最佳指标为生活事件、交往焦虑、消极应对、客观支持这4个变量,该组变量解释网络成瘾总方差的18.5%;优势分析表明,在已预测的方差中,生活事件贡献84.52%,交往焦虑贡献8.21%,消极应对贡献4.72%,客观支持贡献2.54%.结论 生活事件、应对方式、情绪等不同因素对初中生网络成瘾的预测作用不同,应根据网络成瘾的具体原因,采取针对性的干预措施.%Objective To explore the relative contribution on predictive factors of internet addiction among junior high school students in Daqing city,and provide basis for targeted intervention on internet addiction.Methods By delaminating grouping method, based on a sample of 646 were surveyed with Internet Addiction Impairment Index and other mental scales. Through dominance analysis, study the relative contribution of various predictive factors of internet addiction. Results The correlation coefficients of life events, social anxiety, depression and positive coping with internet addiction were respectively 0.39, 0.15, 0.12 and 0.09(P<0.05). Hierarchical regression showed that the total variance of demography in predicting internet addiction was 15%;the total variance of life events, social support, coping styles and emotion variables in predicting internet addiction was 23

  14. 内地西藏班(校)初中生自我效能感与学业成绩的关系%The Relationship Between Self-efficacy and Academic Achievement of Junior High School Students in the Mainland Tibetan Class(School)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉苒; 黄玉峤; 于娟

    2012-01-01

    With the methods of self-efficacy comprehensive scale,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 262 Junior High School Students in the Mainland Tibetan Class(School) to explore the relationship between their self-efficacy and academic achievement.Results show that most students' self-efficacy is in the medium level;there is no significant sex disparity in general self-efficacy and academic self-efficacy,but there are significant gender differences in self-adjusting learning efficacy;General self-efficacy in preppie is supreme,while there is no obvious discrepancy between the junior one and junior two students in their general self-efficacy;academic self-efficacy and self-adjusting learning efficacy of preppie,junior one and two students decrease with higher grade;academic self-efficacy and self-adjusting learning efficacy show a significant positive correlation with academic achievement.%采用自我效能感综合量表对262名内地西藏班(校)初中生进行调查,探讨其自我效能感与学业成绩的关系。结果表明:多数学生的自我效能感均处于中等水平;一般自我效能感和学业自我效能感无显著性别差异,自我调节学习效能感存在显著性别差异;预科生的一般自我效能感最高,初一、初二学生的一般自我效能感无显著年级差异,预科至初二学生的学业自我效能感和自我调节学习效能感随年级升高而降低;学业自我效能感、自我调节学习效能感与学业成绩呈显著正相关。

  15. The Influence of Gender on Junior Secondary School Students ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    supervision, organizational climate (open and close), student factors (poor ability of ... that teachers' approaches of teaching mathematics are complex whereby .... (e.g., teaching materials, classroom management, teacher knowledge, attitudes.

  16. Perceptions of High School Administrators on Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps in Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minkin, Amy J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate and discover the beliefs and perceptions of secondary school administrators regarding the impact of Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps on student discipline and attendance in the secondary school setting. A qualitative, phenomenological research study investigated what administrators know…

  17. The comparison of Missouri mathematics project and teams games tournament viewed from emotional quotient eight grade student of junior school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setyawan, Indra; Budiyono, Slamet, Isnandar

    2017-08-01

    This research was a quasi-experimental research with 2 × 3 factorial design. It aimed to determine the learning model between Missouri Mathematics Project (MMP) and Teams Games Tournament (TGT) that gave the best achievement on mathematics subject viewed from emotional quotient. The population of this research were all of Junior High School students at the 8th grade in Surakarta City, Central Java, Indonesia in academic year 2016/2017 which applied KTSP curriculum. The sample was taken by using stratified cluster random sampling. The data were collected by using methods of documentation, emotional quotient questionnaires, and mathematics achievement test. Data analysis technique used two ways analysis of variance (ANOVA) with unequal cell. According to the research findings, it could be concluded that: (1) students' mathematics achievement which were taught by using MMP is as good as emotional quotient achievement which were taught by using TGT in straight-line equation material, (2) mathematics achievement of students with high emotional quotient is better than students with medium and low emotional quotient, and mathematics achievement of students with medium emotional quotient is as good as students with low emotional quotient in straight-line equation material, (3) in each learning model, mathematics achievement of students with high emotional quotient is better than students with medium and low emotional quotient, and mathematics achievement of students with medium emotional quotient is as good as students with low emotional quotient in straight-line equation material (4) in each category of high and medium emotional quotient, student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using MMP is better than student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using TGT and in low emotional quotient student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using MMP is as good as student's mathematics achievement which were taught by using TGT in straight

  18. Spontaneous Steinbeck: The Influence of Arts Integration, Primarily Spontaneous Painting, on the Reader Response of High School Juniors to "The Grapes of Wrath"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klasek, Catherine Huey

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses my experience with a group of 11th grade students and their reading of The Grapes of Wrath (1939, 2002) by John Steinbeck. I questioned how the application of visual arts integration strategies, specifically the use of spontaneously created paintings, might influence the reader responses of my high school junior-level…

  19. Le Resolution de problemes--defi des mathematiques--secondaire--premier cycle (Problem Solving Challenge for Mathematics. Junior High School Curriculum).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This document is designed to assist teachers in helping students in further development of problem-solving skills. It consists of: a statement of purpose; an introduction (noting the place of problem-solving in junior high school mathematics curricula); a definition of problem-solving; a four-stage general framework for solving problems (which…

  20. Spontaneous Steinbeck: The Influence of Arts Integration, Primarily Spontaneous Painting, on the Reader Response of High School Juniors to "The Grapes of Wrath"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klasek, Catherine Huey

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses my experience with a group of 11th grade students and their reading of The Grapes of Wrath (1939, 2002) by John Steinbeck. I questioned how the application of visual arts integration strategies, specifically the use of spontaneously created paintings, might influence the reader responses of my high school junior-level…

  1. A Process and Outcome Evaluation of an Affective In-Service Training Program for Junior High School Teachers: Second Year Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    Teachers were trained in either or both of two versions of Effective Classroom Management--Junior High (ECM). In the second year of the study, teachers were taught techniques in discipline, communication, and self-esteem enhancement. The goals of the in-service training were to make teachers more responsive to students' affective and cognitive…

  2. Survey on smoking behaviors of junior high school students and influencing factors of surrounding environment in Guangxi in 2013%2013年广西初中生吸烟现状及生活环境影响因素调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚美; 黄高明; 梁绍伶; 张萌; 吕炜; 熊绮梦; 陆松仪; 周荣军

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the current smoking behaviors of junior school students in Guangxi and the influencing factors of surrounding environment .Methods The Global Youth Tobacco Epidemic Survey Questionnaire was applied to an anonymous questionnaire survey which conducted among 5 892 students from 36 junior schools in Guangxi by using the cluster sampling method.Results 5 858 valid questionnaires(99.4%) were collected,of which 24.8% had made a smoking attempt,the rate of smoking attempt in the males was significantly higher than that in the females(39.6% vs.8.8%,P <0.05).The current smoking rate was 11.2%,which was significantly higher in the males in contrast with that in the females (18.2% vs.3.4%,P <0.05).Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis revealed that parents′being smoker,seeing teacher′s smoking outside,seeing teacher′s indoor smoking,being able to buy the cigarettes near the school,and good friend′being smoker were risk factors for current smoking behaviors of junior school students(P <0.05).Conclusion The smoking rate of junior school students is high in Guangxi,and the surrounding environment has significant effects on smoking behaviors of junior school students.%目的:了解广西初中生吸烟现状及生活环境影响因素。方法采用整群抽样方法,使用全球青少年烟草流行调查问卷对广西36所5892名初中学生进行匿名问卷调查。结果收回有效问卷5858份(99.4%),尝试吸烟率为24.8%,其中男生尝试吸烟率为39.6%,明显高于女生的8.8%( P <0.05);现在吸烟率为11.2%,其中男生吸烟率为18.2%,明显高于女生的3.4%(P <0.05)。多因素非条件 logistic 回归分析显示,父母吸烟、见老师室外吸烟、见老师室内吸烟、学校附近买到烟、好朋友吸烟均是初中生现在吸烟的危险因素(P <0.05)。结论广西初中生吸烟率较高,生活环境对初中生吸烟行为有重要影响。

  3. Professionality of Junior High School (SMP) Science Teacher in Preparing Instructional Design of Earth and Space Sciences (IPBA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlina, L.; Liliasari; Tjasyono, B.; Hendayana, S.

    2017-02-01

    The teacher is one important factor in the provision of education in schools. Therefore, improving the quality of education means we need to enhance the quality and the professionalism of teachers. We offer a solution through education and training of junior high school science teachers in developing the instructional design of Earth and Space Sciences (IPBA). IPBA is part of the science subjects which is given to students from elementary school to college. This research is a preliminary study of junior high school science teacher professionalism in creating instructional design IPBA. Mixed method design is used to design the research. Preliminary studies conducted on junior high school science teacher in one MGMPs in South Sumatera, and the respondent are 18 teachers from 13 schools. The educational background of science teachers who teach IPBA not only from physical education but also biology and agriculture. The result of preliminary study showed that the ratio of teachers who teach IPBA are 56% from physic education, 39% from biology, and 5% from agriculture. The subjects of IPBA that considered difficult by teachers are the distribution of sun, moon, and satellite motion; specific processes in lithosphere and atmosphere; and the correlation between lithosphere and atmosphere with the environment. The teachers also face difficulty in preparing media, choosing the right methods in teaching IPBA.

  4. 初中体育教师课堂教学活动空间的研究--基于师生互动言语行为的视角%A study of the classroom teaching activity spaces of junior high school physical education teachers--Based on the perspective of verbal behaviors of interaction between teacher and students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时维金; 沈建华; 蔡皓

    2016-01-01

    采用观察和社会网络分析等研究方法,分析初中体育教师课堂教学过程中站位与行走的活动空间。结果显示:在不同学生队形中,初中体育教师课堂教学的站位分布呈现多元化,并在空间结构上表现核心-边缘结构;行走路径多发生于言语讲解动作要领、要求与方法的过程,基本居于学生队形中央或中央偏外的位置,且在互动对象与站位的选择上呈现出局部偏向性的特点;言语信息传播效率较高,但各个站位位置之间联络的紧密程度较小。据此提出体育教师应保持并适度加强自身的“核心”站位,利用有限的“核心-边缘”站位,实现无限的师生互动价值。%By using research methods such as observation and social network analysis, the authors analyzed the standing and walking activity spaces in the classroom teaching process of junior high school physical education teachers, and revealed the following findings: in different student formations, the standing positions of junior high school physical education teachers were distributed in a diversified way, and showed a core-periphery structure in terms of space structure; their walking paths often occurred in the process of verbally explaining the key points, re-quirements and methods of movements, were basically at the center or a position at the outer side of the center of student formations, and showed the characteristics of local preference in terms of the selection of interacting objects and standing positions; the efficiency of verbal information communication was high, but the degree of closeness of connection between various standing positions was low. Accordingly, the author suggested that junior high school physical education teachers should maintain and moderately enhance their “core” standing positions, and realize the unlimited value of interaction between teacher and students by utilizing limited “core-periphery” standing

  5. Evaluating the relationship between breakfast pattern and short-term memory in junior high school girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, A; Sohrabi, Z; Eftekhari, M H

    2009-05-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between breakfast pattern and short-term memory in guidance-school students. Memory improves for subjects who have eaten breakfast. It appears that breakfast consumption influences cognition via several mechanisms. What children eat for breakfast before going to school is very important. A total of 150 junior high school girls were taken from a subject pool in four schools in Shiraz (capital of the Fars Province in Iran). They filled out the socio-economic questionnaires as well as food frequency questionnaires for breakfast and provided two-three day breakfast records in two different seasons and their short-term memories were evaluated by Weksler test socio-economic conditions and dietary intakes were analyzed. The results of the study showed that there was no correlation between parents job, students mean age and their school grades with their memory scores. Dietary analysis demonstrated a negative correlation between local soup consumption in breakfast and memory scores. Food record analysis showed no correlation between fat, cholesterol, protein, vitamin B6, B12, calorie and iodine intake in breakfast and memory scores, but there was a positive correlation between carbohydrate, iron and vitamin B3 intake in breakfast and memory scores, similarly there was a positive correlation between B12 intake in the breakfast and students' average school grades during the year.

  6. 农村留守初中生主要心理问题成因分析%The Cause Analysis of Psychological Problems of Left-behind Students in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖维衿

    2012-01-01

    农村留守初中生的主要心理问题产生的原因是多方面的。但在调查研究中发现信仰的迷乱与缺失、理想的迷茫与低俗、亲情关怀的不足、父母教育的失当、隔代教育能力不足、管教出现真空地带、学校教育的不足、社会环境的影响是其产生的主要原因。%The causes of left-behind students' psychological problems in rural junior high school are various, while in survey research, we find some main reasons that the lack and obsession of faith, the confusion and vulgar of ideal, the shortage of family care, the misconduct of parents education, the insufficient of alternategeneration education ability, the appearance of discipline vacuum zone, the shortage of the school education and the influence of social environment.

  7. English-Vietnamese Scientific Terminology for High School and Junior College Students. Book 4: Chemistry = Danh Tu Khoa Hoc Anh-Viet Danh Cho Hoc Sinh Trung Hoc Va Sinh Vien Nam Thu Nhat Dai Hoc. Quyen 4: Hoa Hoc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanh-Van, Tran Thi

    Vietnamese students now enrolled in American high schools incur an extremely special need in English. After being taught subject matter disciplines in Vietnamese for many years, and while English is still a foreign language for them, these students are bound to go through two linguistic processes. First, while reading or sitting through lectures…

  8. Mathematics Instructional Model Based on Realistic Mathematics Education to Promote Problem Solving Ability at Junior High School Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Musdi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a mathematics instructional model based realistic mathematics education (RME to promote students' problem-solving abilities. The design research used Plomp models, which consists of preliminary phase, development or proto-typing phase and assessment phase.  At this study, only the first two phases conducted. The first phase, a preliminary investigation, carried out with a literature study to examine the theory-based instructional learning RME model, characteristics of learners, learning management descriptions by junior high school mathematics teacher and relevant research. The development phase is done by developing a draft model (an early prototype model that consists of the syntax, the social system, the principle of reaction, support systems, and the impact and effects of instructional support. Early prototype model contain a draft model, lesson plans, worksheets, and assessments. Tesssmer formative evaluation model used to revise the model. In this study only phase of one to one evaluation conducted. In the ppreliminary phase has produced a theory-based learning RME model, a description of the characteristics of learners in grade VIII Junior High School Padang and the description of teacher teaching in the classroom. The result showed that most students were still not be able to solve the non-routine problem. Teachers did not optimally facilitate students to develop problem-solving skills of students. It was recommended that the model can be applied in the classroom.

  9. Mathematics Instructional Model Based on Realistic Mathematics Education to Promote Problem Solving Ability at Junior High School Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Musdi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a mathematics instructional model based realistic mathematics education (RME to promote students' problem-solving abilities. The design research used Plomp models, which consists of preliminary phase, development or proto-typing phase and assessment phase.  At this study, only the first two phases conducted. The first phase, a preliminary investigation, carried out with a literature study to examine the theory-based instructional learning RME model, characteristics of learners, learning management descriptions by junior high school mathematics teacher and relevant research. The development phase is done by developing a draft model (an early prototype model that consists of the syntax, the social system, the principle of reaction, support systems, and the impact and effects of instructional support. Early prototype model contain a draft model, lesson plans, worksheets, and assessments. Tesssmer formative evaluation model used to revise the model. In this study only phase of one to one evaluation conducted. In the ppreliminary phase has produced a theory-based learning RME model, a description of the characteristics of learners in grade VIII Junior High School Padang and the description of teacher teaching in the classroom. The result showed that most students were still not be able to solve the non-routine problem. Teachers did not optimally facilitate students to develop problem-solving skills of students. It was recommended that the model can be applied in the classroom.

  10. Validation of the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale among Junior Middle School Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jibin; Lau, Joseph T. F.; Mo, Phoenix K. H.; Su, Xuefen; Wu, Anise M. S.; Tang, Jie; Qin, Zuguo

    2016-01-01

    Background Online social networking use has been integrated into adolescents’ daily life and the intensity of online social networking use may have important consequences on adolescents’ well-being. However, there are few validated instruments to measure social networking use intensity. The present study aims to develop the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale (SNAIS) and validate it among junior middle school students in China. Methods A total of 910 students who were social networking users were recruited from two junior middle schools in Guangzhou, and 114 students were retested after two weeks to examine the test-retest reliability. The psychometrics of the SNAIS were estimated using appropriate statistical methods. Results Two factors, Social Function Use Intensity (SFUI) and Entertainment Function Use Intensity (EFUI), were clearly identified by both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. No ceiling or floor effects were observed for the SNAIS and its two subscales. The SNAIS and its two subscales exhibited acceptable reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.89, 0.90 and 0.60, and test-retest Intra-class Correlation Coefficient = 0.85, 0.87 and 0.67 for Overall scale, SFUI and EFUI subscale, respectively, pInternet addiction, and characteristics related to social networking use. Conclusions The SNAIS is an easily self-administered scale with good psychometric properties. It would facilitate more research in this field worldwide and specifically in the Chinese population. PMID:27798699

  11. An investigation of mental health status,family functions and related factors for junior high school students in the city ;of Shandong province%山东省某城区初中生心理健康与家庭功能调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文; 许金珂; 米国琳; 简佳; 张艳; 邱惠敏

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the mental health status,family functions and related factors for junior high school students in the city of Shandong province.Methods A total of 958 junior high school students were selected and assessed with Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale Second Edition(FACESII-CV),Symptom Check List 90(SCL-90)and the general information questionnaire.Results According to the results of FACESII-CV,all students’families were divided into middle,balanced and extreme household types.There were significant differences for three household types among gender,family origin and family relationship distribution(P<0.05 ).There were significant differences for all factor scores of SCL-90 among the numbers of children,family relations and the separation status of their parents(P<0.05).The factor scores of cohesion and adaptability in FACESII-CV were all negatively correlated to all the factor scores of SCL-90(P<0.05).Regression analysis showed that the protect factors of mental health for junior high school students included well status of cohesion,well status of adaptability,staying with the parents and the risk factors included poor family relationships,more children in the family.Conclusions It’s well for the mental health status of the junior high school students in the city,which is related to their objective and subjective family factors.%目的:调查初中生心理健康状况及其家庭功能的相关因素。方法采取整群抽样法抽取山东省某城区5所中学初中生958人完成家庭亲密度和适应性量表中文版(FACESII-CV)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)和一般资料调查问卷。结果根据FACESII-CV评分将家庭分为中间型、平衡型和极端型3种家庭类型,家庭类型在性别、家庭来源、家庭关系方面比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。SCL-90量表各因子分在子女数、家庭关系、与父母分离方面比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。FACESII-CV家

  12. Effectiveness of Computer Animation and Geometrical Instructional Model on Mathematics Achievement and Retention among Junior Secondary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambari, A. I.; Falode, C. O.; Adegbenro, D. A.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of computer animation and geometry instructional model on mathematics achievement and retention on Junior Secondary School Students in Minna, Nigeria. It also examined the influence of gender on students' achievement and retention. The research was a pre-test post-test experimental and control group…

  13. Predictive Power of School Based Assessment Scores on Students' Achievement in Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE) in English and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opara, Ijeoma M.; Onyekuru, Bruno U.; Njoku, Joyce U.

    2015-01-01

    The study investigated the predictive power of school based assessment scores on students' achievement in Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSCE) in English and Mathematics. Two hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance guided the study. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. A sample of 250 students were randomly drawn…

  14. Parental Involvement, Interest in Schooling and Science Achievement of Junior Secondary School Students in Ogun State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olatoye, R. A.; Ogunkola, B. J.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the relative and combined influences of parental involvement and interest in schooling on science achievement of selected Junior Secondary School students in Ogun State, Nigeria. Twelve secondary schools were selected from the four administrative divisions of the State. A sample of 360 students participated in the study and…

  15. 'he Cultivation of Learning Interest of StudentS with English Learning Difficulty in Rural Junior High School%农村初中英语学困生学习兴趣的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵祥霞

    2011-01-01

    《英语课程标准》要求我们必须关注每个学生,尤其是学困生,努力激发他们学习英语的兴趣,提高英语水平。教师要灵活运用各种教学方法,创设生动的学习环境,注重情景教学。教师可以建立学生成长档案,让学生体味成功的乐趣。教师要采用适度的评价,保护学困生的自尊。%difficulty, and English Curriculum Standard requirea us to concern each student, especially students with learning try best to motivate students' English learning interest and improve English competence. Teachers should flexibly apply various teaching met

  16. Current Situation of Job Burnout of Junior High School Teachers in Shangqiu Urban Areas and Its Relationship with Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhongying

    2008-01-01

    This study surveyed the current situation of teacher burnout in a sample of 400 teachers from urban junior high school in Shangqiu of Henan Province with scales, and examined the relationship between dimensions of teacher burnout and sources and types of social support they received. The results show that Shangqiu urban junior high school…

  17. Teachers and Tea-Fetchers – What the Future Holds for Japan's Junior College Graduates: Female student perceptions of the status, purpose, and value of a Junior College education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WALKER, Patricia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout Japan, enrolments in junior colleges, previously the higher education destination of choice for nearly 500 000 women a year at their peak in 1990, has plummeted recently to half that number. It is therefore of interest to investigate the quality of experience and post-graduation aspirations of the decreasing numbers of women who have elected to take up the short- term route. This study investigates the mission of the junior college in the 21st century, the quality and status of the courses, the extent to which they prepare women for their career goals, and the value of the exit qualification in the employment market. In an intensive period of fieldwork in a small college on the Tokyo/Yokohama borders in the summer of 2005 the views of students and their tutors were elicited. It was found that, on the whole, high numbers of women were resigned to the gendered roles for which they have been socialized throughout their life course but that a growing minority were resolved to use their junior college degree to open up possibilities for further study and enter an arena where their economic outcomes could be expanded.

  18. Experimental study of teaching critical thinking in civic education in Taiwanese junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shu Ching; Chung, Tung-Yu

    2009-03-01

    To effectively respond to the need for greater CT (critical thinking) in the classroom, this study examines the effects of cultivating CT skills within civic education to maximize its potential. Despite realizing the importance of CT in education, schools do not tend to apply it. Furthermore, since students frequently do not raise questions or otherwise think critically, CT modules are incorporated into civic learning to encourage students to question facts, interpret and analyse evidence, make reasoned inferences regarding events, and independently develop informed opinions. These skills are fundamental to cultivating an informed and humane citizenry. This investigation examines how teaching critical thinking in civic education affects the CT skills and disposition of junior high school students. The participants were two classes of eighth grade students in southern Taiwan, and were distributed into experimental and control groups. Each group comprised 34 students, with the experimental group containing 16 boys and 18 girls and the control group containing 18 boys and 16 girls. The teaching experiment in this study was initiated and performed using equivalent pre-test and post-test group design. During the 10-week experiment, the experimental group was taught using CT instruction in civic education, while the control group was not taught with any CT programme. The data analysis included: quantitative statistics of the two main sets of instruments for measuring the CT ability and disposition of experimental treatment, qualitative analysis of learning sheets, and surveys of student perceptions of instruction in CT. Statistical analysis showed that the experimental group significantly outperformed the control group on the scales of CT skill and disposition, but did not perform well on certain subscales (e.g. recognition of assumptions and deductions, truth-seeking, analyticity, and inquisitiveness). Notably however, when triangulating with qualitative analysis of

  19. The prevalence and related factors of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C-J; Chen, Y-C; Sung, H-C; Hsieh, T-C; Lee, M-S; Chang, C-Y

    2015-10-01

    Nursing students have particularly experienced stressful lives during nursing education. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate depressive symptoms and related factors in junior college nursing students. A total of 625 nursing students from a junior college in Taiwan were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Adolescent Depression Inventory, Situational Anxiety Scale and the Taiwanese-Chinese version of Stress in Nursing Students Scale. The results showed that (1) the prevalence of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students was 32.6%; (2) depressive symptoms are significantly related to grade point average, interest in nursing, interest in their clinical placement, career planning after graduation, overeating as a stress-relief strategy, sleep problems, stress, and anxiety; and (3) anxiety, sleep quality, and stress are three major variables that can significantly predict depressive symptoms. Psychological factors may influence young nursing students' willingness to seek assistance from teachers. These factors should be considered when designing strategies to promote their emotional health and well-being. Nursing educators can plan appropriate strategies tailored to junior college nursing students' problems and needs, which thereby may facilitate learning experience and prevent depressive symptoms.

  20. 初中生英语听说能力的培养%Training of Junior High School English Listening and Speaking Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘顺兴

    2014-01-01

    English listening and speaking skills affect the comprehensive development of academic or social junior high school students. Junior high school English listening and speaking skills by students of non-intelligence factors and the doub-le impact of intellectual factors. The main factors which affect intelligence, including vocabulary, knowledge of migration, language environment;impact of non-intelligence factors include fear, interest, and gender. Teachers should also concern the junior high school English listening, speaking intellectual factors and non-intellectual factors of capacity development, strengthening of junior high school English listening and speaking ability.%英语的听、说能力影响着初中生的成绩和社会性的发展。英语的听、说能力受到学生智力因素和非智力因素的双重影响。其中智力因素主要包括词汇量、知识迁移能力、语言环境等;非智力因素主要包括胆怯、兴趣、性别等。教师应该同时关注智力因素和非智力因素,加强初中生的英语听、说能力的培养。

  1. Effective Management at the Beginning of the School Year in Junior High Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evertson, Carolyn M.; Emmer, Edmund T.

    1982-01-01

    Two groups of junior high teachers were identified as being more or less effective in their classroom management practices. Observational data collected from these teachers in the first three weeks of the year indicate that the beginning of the year is a crucial time for establishing effective classroom management. (Author/BW)

  2. Classroom Assessment Preference of Indonesian Junior High School Teachers in English as Foreign Language Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saefurrohman

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted using a mix method design with 24 Indonesian junior high school English teachers as respondents who completed the questionnaire on classroom assessment practices. Six respondents participated in an interview and observation to further clarify their practices on classroom assessment. The study found that an Indonesian…

  3. BO-CEC Business and Office Careers Course Guide; Junior High and Middle Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    The curriculum guide for middle and junior high school grades presents 15 resource units, designed to simulate business career situations, organized into five sections: clerical (receptionist, general office worker, cashier, typist, and accounting clerk), secretarial/stenographic (secretary, court reporter, executive secretary), accounting and…

  4. Some Factors That Affecting the Performance of Mathematics Teachers in Junior High School in Medan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manullang, Martua; Rajagukguk, Waminton

    2016-01-01

    Some Factor's That Affecting The Mathematic Teacher Performance For Junior High School In Medan. This research will examine the effect of direct and indirect of the Organizational Knowledge towards the achievement motivation, decision making, organizational commitment, the performance of mathematics teacher. The research method is a method of…

  5. DIGEST MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY. VOLUME 3, ROMANTIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOORE, JUNE

    PREPARED AS PART OF "PROJECT IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY," THIS VOLUME CONTAINS CURRICULAR MATERIALS REPRESENTING THE ROMANTIC PERIOD. A MUSICAL HISTORY OF THE PERIOD IS GIVEN, AS WELL AS HISTORIES OF THE COMPOSERS AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL COMPOSITIONS. THE MATERIALS ARE PREPARED FOR THREE DEGREES OF TECHNICAL…

  6. Educative Experiences of Rural Junior High History Fair Participants Seeking and Evaluating Online Primary Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Riley Todd

    2012-01-01

    This phenomenological ethnographic multi-case study's purpose was to gain insight into experiences of rural junior high History Fair participants as they searched for and evaluated online primary sources. Drawing on the theories of Dewey and Kuhlthau, the study examined how the participants searched the Internet, what strategies they used to…

  7. On the Application of Task-based Language Teaching in Junior High School English Classes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Task-based Language Teaching was put forward in 1980s.The present paper aims to make a brief introduction about task-based language teaching approach and investigate the application of task-based language teaching approach in junior high school English classes in order to make it better adapt to the development of English teaching in China.

  8. Realistic Mathematics Learning Using Cooperative Strategy Model in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwiyana

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to develop a realistic mathematics learning model using cooperative strategy. This study applies research and development approach conducted at Junior High School "Laboratorium," State University of Malang. The implementation of this model is conducted through five stages: 1) previous study phase; 2) model planning phase;…

  9. DIGEST MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY. VOLUME 1, BAROQUE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOORE, JUNE

    PREPARED AS PART OF "PROJECT IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY," THIS VOLUME CONTAINS CURRICULAR MATERIALS REPRESENTING THE BAROQUE PERIOD. A MUSICAL HISTORY OF THE PERIOD IS GIVEN, AS WELL AS HISTORIES OF THE COMPOSERS AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL COMPOSITIONS. THE MATERIALS ARE PREPARED FOR THREE DEGREES OF TECHNICAL…

  10. ACCELERATION AND ENRICHMENT IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. A FOLLOW-UP STUDY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ARENDS, RICHARD H.; FORD, PAUL M.

    THE 1963-64 STUDY INVOLVED AN INVESTIGATION OF ACCELERATION IN MATHEMATICS AND ENRICHMENT IN READING AND SCIENCE IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. BUT THE RESEARCH WAS BROADENED AND, UNLIKE THE 1962-63 STUDY, EXPLORED MORE DEEPLY THE EFFECTS OF ACCELERATION AND ENRICHMENT. A NUMBER OF SCHOOLS OUTSIDE OF WALLA WALLA WAS USED. PROBLEMS CONSIDERED WERE--(1)…

  11. The Implications of Selective Learning Models on Teaching Junior High School Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Roosevelt L.

    1978-01-01

    Providing practitioners with synopses, illustrations based on classroom experiences, and research findings, this article analyzes the learning models of Jean Piaget, Robert Gagne, Robert Karplus, David Ausubel, and Jerome Bruner in terms of the implications for teaching junior high school mathematics. (JC)

  12. The Implications of Selective Learning Models on Teaching Junior High School Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Roosevelt L.

    1978-01-01

    Providing practitioners with synopses, illustrations based on classroom experiences, and research findings, this article analyzes the learning models of Jean Piaget, Robert Gagne, Robert Karplus, David Ausubel, and Jerome Bruner in terms of the implications for teaching junior high school mathematics. (JC)

  13. THE ROLE OF PREVOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS OF NEW YORK STATE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AL-SALMAN, MUHSIN HUSSAIN

    THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO DESCRIBE EXISTING JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL PREVOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COURSES AND DETERMINE WHAT SELECTED EDUCATORS IN AGRICULTURE BELIEVE THE OBJECTIVES AND COURSE CONTENT SHOULD BE. LISTS OF 17 OBJECTIVES AND 103 COURSE CONTENT ITEMS IN NINE SUBJECT AREAS WERE ASSEMBLED. A JURY OF 17 MEMBERS RANKED THE OBJECTIVES AND…

  14. Teachers' Perceptions of Their Work Environment in Swedish Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allodi, Mara Westling; Fischbein, Siv

    2012-01-01

    The aims of this study were to explore the organisational characteristics of junior high schools, to identify typologies of work environments and to explore the relationships between the type of work environment and how schools function. The educational profession and the role of teachers have been influenced by policies inspired by the principles…

  15. Making Catholics: The Ritual Production of Conformity in a Catholic Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaren, Peter

    1986-01-01

    Considers classroom instruction in a Catholic junior high school as part of an intricate ritual system supporting the values of the larger society. Corporate capitalist values associated with "becoming a worker" closely complemented values associated with "becoming a Catholic." Together these create the "ritual character" of the school.…

  16. Mathematics for Junior High School. Commentary for Teachers. Volume II (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part manual for teachers using SMSG junior high school text materials. A chapter-by-chapter commentary on the text is given as well as answers to all the exercises. Chapter topics include: (1) number line and coordinates; (2) equations; (3) scientific notation; (4) applications of percent; and (5) congruence and the…

  17. On Home-school Collaboration Treatment of Junior Students' Internet Addiction%论初中生网络成瘾的家校协同治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱梦杰; 张典兵

    2015-01-01

    初中生作为网络成瘾人群中的主体,其所表现出的各种问题行为已经引发了社会各界的普遍关注.初中生网络成瘾的预防与应对,重点在家庭,关键在学校.家长和教师要立足于亲子关系与师生关系的改善,从改变家庭环境与学校环境开始,遵循正面教育与启发诱导的原则,采用多种行之有效的方法和策略,协同治理初中生的网络成瘾问题.%Junior high school students as the main body of Internet addiction crowd, they exhibit behavior problems has sparked widespread concern in the community. Junior high school students Internet addiction prevention and response, with emphasis on the family, the key to the school. Parents and teachers should be based on improving the parent-child relationship with the teacher-student relationship, from changes in the home environment and school environment began to follow the positive education and enlightenment and guidance of the principle, using a variety of proven methods and strategies, collab-orative governance junior high school network addiction.

  18. 助学提纲在初中英语教学中的运用%Application of study-help syllabus in junior high school English teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄莺

    2015-01-01

    在初中英语课堂中,助学提纲可以使教学目标更清晰,学生学习更高效。结合课堂教学实践,阐述对初中英语助学提纲四要素即 Habit,Everybody,Lead,Progress 的认识及其在英语教学中的运用。%In junior high school English class,the “student-help syllabus”can make the teaching objectives clea-rer,and students'learning more efficient.Combined with classroom teaching experience,the author describes the four elements of the junior high school English student help syllabus,namely Habit,Everybody,Lead,Progress and the practice in English teaching.

  19. DISCOURSE OF QUALITY EDUCATION IN PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN DENPASAR CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nengah Narsa

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study was conducted to understand the discourse of quality education in Public Junior High Schools in Denpasar City. The study focused on the discourse of quality education in the practice of enrollment of new learners, the implementation of ‘Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan’, and the implementation of the National Final Examination in Public Junior High Schools in Denpasar City. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively and interpretatively. The theory of discourse of power/knowledge, the theory of social practice, and the theory of School-based Management were eclectically used in the present study. The results of the study showed that, first, the practice of the enrollment of new learners ‘Praktik Penerimaan Peserta Didik Baru (PPDB’, Educational Unit-based Curriculum ‘Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP’, and the National Final Examination ‘Ujian Nasional (UN’ which tended to neglect the principle of School-based Management (MBS and the school autonomy had led to the discourse of quality education in Public Junior High Schools ‘Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMPN’ in Denpasar City; second, the ideology which was referred to in the discourse of quality education which was related to PPDB, KTSP and UN in public junior high schools in Denpasar City was the liberal ideology which was based on rationalism, individualism and commercialism; third, the discourse of quality education in public junior high schools in Denpasar City had theoretical implication, namely, there was an expectation to reinforce the ideology of critical-cultural education and to establish the paradigm of political policy which supported the attempt made to realize quality education.

  20. The effectiveness of animation video in teaching speaking to Junior high school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurniati Kurniati

    2017-05-01

    There were many problems happened in the E n g l i s h l e a r n i n g p r o c e s s i n S M P N 1 S e ye g a n , s u c h a s ; (1 the students were afraid of expressing their ideas; (2 they were lack of vocabularies; (3 they were bored in studying English including in their learning speaking. Thus, this research was intended to find out the effectiveness of animation video in teaching speaking to seventh graders in SMP N 1 Seyegan-Sleman. It involved 32 students of 7A as experimental class and 7B as control class. It was experimental study to overcome students’ problem in learning English speaking skill and used pre-test and post-test as the instrument. The used design was quasi-experimental study. It was done with pre-test before treatments and post-test after having treatments. It was found that teaching speaking using animation video was effective. It can be seen from the result of the statistical computation using t- test. The t-test result of post-test in both of classes was 2.170 while t-table with the degree of freedom N-2 at 5% significance level was 1.999. It means that the result of the t-test was higher than ttable. Therefore, teaching speaking skill using animation video was considered effective. Based on this finding the researcher suggested to the teachers to use animation video in improving speaking skill especially for students in Junior High Schools.

  1. Process and Analysis the Junior High School Students’Teaching Materi-al of Ren’ai Version

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Zhong-fang

    2016-01-01

    Since the application of the new curriculum, the English teaching material of the national junior high school is no lon-ger unified. Thus, there come numerous junior high school English tesching materials, such as Renjiao, Beijing Normal Universi-ty, Oxford, Cambridge, New Concept, Ren’ai and so on and so forth. These abundant teaching materials offer the majority of teachers and students a broad choice space and are different from the traditional teaching material. Among these materials, Ren’ai version is introduced to Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province. Compared with the traditional teaching materials, Ren’ai ver-sion has a new form both in language and content, which put forward to higher request on teachers and students. As is published recently, there is not much related research. This article, on one hand, makes a brief analysis on the characteristics of the materi-al. On the other hand, it gives some suggestions on how to handle the material with the help of Constructivism, the Task-based Teaching theory and Cognitive Psychology, hoping to improve the efficiency of classroom teaching and the students’English comprehensive ability.

  2. Usability Testing Analysis on The Bana Game as Education Game Design References on Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Adnan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Learning media is one of the important elements in the learning process. Technological development support makes learning media more varied. The approach of using digital technology as a learning media has a better and more effective impact than other approaches. In order to increase the students’ learning interest, it requires the support of an interesting learning media. The use of gaming applications as learning media can improve learning outcomes. The benefits of using the maximum application cannot be separated from the determination of application design. The Bana game aims to increase the ability of critical thinking of the junior high school students. The usability-testing analysis on the Bana game application is used in order to get the design reference as an educational game development. The game is used as an object of the analysis because it has the same characteristics and goals with the game application to be developed. Usability Testing is a method used to measure the ease of use of an application by users. The Usability Testing consists of learnability, efficiency, memorability, errors, and satisfaction. The results of the analysis obtained will be used as a reference for educational game applications that will be developed.

  3. Developing Science Process Skills and Problem Solving Abilities Based on Outdoor Learning in Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Wahyuni

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop science process skills and problem-solving abilities based on outdoor learning in junior high school. This study uses a mixed method design embedded experimental models. Data was performed in the qualitative and quantitative analysis. Qualitative data analysis is used to determine the science process skills while quantitative data analysis is used to determine the increasing problem-solving ability by using normalized gain (N gain formula. The results show that the science process skills developed at every phase comprise of making observations, formulating hypotheses, experiment, create data, classify and analyze the data, formulating its conclusions, communicate, and apply the concepts and make predictions obtained by the average value of 75.33 in the good category. While the problem-solving ability of students based on outdoor learning also increased by 0.58 in the medium category. The conclusions of this research show that the application of outdoor learning can be teacher use as an alternative to learning, so it is quite effective in developing science process skills and problem-solving abilities.

  4. A Prospective Epidemiological Study of Injuries in Japanese National Tournament-Level Badminton Players From Junior High School to University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyake

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Injury prevention programs have recently been created for various sports. However, a longitudinal study on badminton injuries, as assessed by a team’s dedicated medical staff, at the gymnasium has not been performed. Objectives We aimed to perform the first such study to measure the injury incidence, severity and type as the first step in creating a badminton injury prevention program. Patients and Methods A prospective, longitudinal survey was conducted between April 2012 and March 2013 with 133 national tournament-level badminton players from junior high school to university in Japan with the teams’ physical therapists at the gymnasium. Injury incidence was measured as the injury rate (IR for every 1,000 hour (1000 hour and IR for every 1,000 athlete exposures (1000 AE. Severity was classified in 5 levels by the number of days the athlete was absent from practice or matches. Injury types were categorized as trauma or overuse. Results Practice (IR (1,000 hour was significantly higher in female players than in male players; the rates increased with increasing age. IR (1,000 AE was significantly higher in matches than in practice in both sexes of all ages, except for female junior high school students and injuries were most frequent for high school students in matches. The majority of the injuries were slight (83.8%; overuse injuries occurred approximately 3 times more than trauma. Conclusions This is the first study in which medical staff assessed injuries in badminton, providing value through benchmark data. Injury prevention programs are particularly necessary for female university students in practice and high school students in matches.

  5. Rural Junior Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Classroom Learning Environments and Their Attitude and Achievement in Mathematics in West China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xinrong

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports findings from a survey of how rural junior secondary school students in the western part of China perceive their mathematics classroom learning environments and associations of learning environment with their attitudes toward mathematics and mathematics achievement. Using adaptations of the widely-used What Is Happening In this…

  6. The Impact of Lack of Resources on Declining Students' Enrolments in Design and Technology in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaotlhobogwe, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Lack of resources has resulted in declining students' enrolment in design and technology in Botswana junior secondary schools by up to 6% per year over 10 years, despite positive encouragement by the government. Based on the PATT (pupils' attitude towards technology) theoretical framework this study indicated how a lack of resources in Botswana…

  7. A new method for teaching physical examination to junior medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayma M

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Meelad Sayma, Hywel Rhys Williams Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, UK Introduction: Teaching effective physical examination is a key component in the education of medical students. Preclinical medical students often have insufficient clinical knowledge to apply to physical examination recall, which may hinder their learning when taught through certain understanding-based models. This pilot project aimed to develop a method to teach physical examination to preclinical medical students using “core clinical cases”, overcoming the need for “rote” learning. Methods: This project was developed utilizing three cycles of planning, action, and reflection. Thematic analysis of feedback was used to improve this model, and ensure it met student expectations. Results and discussion: A model core clinical case developed in this project is described, with gout as the basis for a “foot and ankle” examination. Key limitations and difficulties encountered on implementation of this pilot are discussed for future users, including the difficulty encountered in “content overload”. Conclusion: This approach aims to teach junior medical students physical examination through understanding, using a simulated patient environment. Robust research is now required to demonstrate efficacy and repeatability in the physical examination of other systems. Keywords: physical examination, undergraduate, case-based approach 

  8. Weather or Not To Teach Junior High Meteorology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knorr, Thomas P.

    1984-01-01

    Presents a technique for teaching meteorology allowing students to observe and analyze consecutive weather maps and relate local conditions; a model illustrating the three-dimensional nature of the atmosphere is employed. Instructional methods based on studies of daily weather maps to trace systems sweeping across the United States are discussed.…

  9. SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM. JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL, GRADE 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LIBBER, THEODORE; PENN, JOSEPH E.

    IN GRADE 9, ANCIENT HISTORY IS STUDIED DURING THE FIRST SEMESTER, FOLLOWED BY MEDIEVAL HISTORY THE SECOND SEMESTER. IT IS HOPED THAT MOST STUDENTS WILL CONTINUE THEIR HISTORY STUDY IN THE 10TH GRADE WITH MODERN HISTORY, BASED UPON THE CULTURAL CONCEPTS PRESENTED IN THE 9TH GRADE. GEOGRAPHY AND CIVICS ARE OFFERED AS ONE-SEMESTER ELECTIVES IN 9TH…

  10. 农村留守初中生主观幸福感现状研究--以安庆地区12所农村中学为例%The Status of Subjective Well-being of Countryside Left behind Junior High School Students in Anqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    励骅; 曹杏田; 姚恺帆

    2015-01-01

    To know the status of subjective well-being of countryside left behind junior high school students in Anhui province. 272 countryside left behind junior high school students in Anqing city were tested with the scale of adolescent students SWB . Countryside left behind girls’ scores on family satisfaction,school satisfaction,free satisfaction and total life satisfaction are higher than left behind boys’ scores; Boys’ scores on negative affect are higher than girls’ scores. Variances on study satisfaction,school satisfaction,negative affect and positive affect are existed in grades. Countryside left behind female students’ scores on total life satisfaction and subjective well-be-ing are higher than male students’ scores in the countryside; variances on total life satisfaction are not existed in grades, but variances on subjective well-being are existed in grades.%目的:了解安徽地区农村留守初中生主观幸福感的现状。方法采用青少年主观幸福感量表对安安徽地区272名农村留守初中生进行测查。结果在家庭满意度、学校满意度、自由满意度和总体生活满意度上,农村留守初中女生的得分显著高于农村留守初中男生;在负性情感上,农村留守初中男生的得分显著高于农村留守初中女生。在学业满意度、学校满意度、负性情感和正性情感上存在显著的年级差异。结论农村留守初中女生的总体生活满意度和主观幸福感高于农村留守初中男生;总体生活满意度不存在年级差异,但主观幸福感存在年级差异。

  11. Il problema della scelta e della continuita della lingua straniera nella scuola dell'obbligo (Problems of Choice and Continuity of a Foreign Language in Elementary and Junior High School).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gotti, Maurizio

    1987-01-01

    Discusses two current problems with foreign language study in Italy: (1) Students are frequently unable to study English, the most popular language, because of a lack of qualified English teachers; and (2) Students sometimes cannot continue studying in junior high school the language they began in elementary school. (CFM)

  12. Investigation on smoking condition and its influencing factors among junior high school students in Inner Mon-golia,2013%2013年内蒙古自治区青少年吸烟状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李卉; 魏娜; 鞠巍; 张显娟; 其其格; 张兹钰; 刘晓非; 张琳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the current condition of smoking among adolescent students and its influen-cing factors,and provide evidence for intervention measures of tobacco control among adolescents in future in Inner Mongo-lia.Methods A self-administered questionnaire survey with two-stage cluster sampling method was conducted among 3634 junior high school students in Inner Mongolia.Results The rate of current smoking was 5.1%,the rate of students who ev-er smoked was 17.5%.The second-hand smoking rates at home,in indoor and outdoor public were 55.1%,64.5% and 66.7%,respectively.The rates of current smoking students whose parent or good friend was smoker were 81.1% and 91.5%,respectively.86.4% of junior high school students saw smoking shot in television,video or film.82.2% of current smoker could buy cigarettes in school surrounding.76.5% of junior high school students definitely believed the passive smok-ing was harm.67.9% of junior high school students saw smoking control information in the media.Conclusion The smok-ing rate is relatively low among adolescent students in Inner Mongolia.They were influenced by the smoking behavior of their parents,good friends and teachers and the exposure of second-hand smoking in public,tobacco advertisement seen every-where,tobacco products gained easily and so on.Smoking control measures still need to be enhanced to solve the causes of students smoking.%目的:了解内蒙古地区在校青少年吸烟现状及影响因素,为制定有针对性的干预措施提供依据。方法采用两阶段抽样方法,抽取内蒙古自治区在校初中学生3634名进行匿名自填问卷调查。结果内蒙古地区在校初中学生现在吸烟率为5.1%,尝试吸烟率为17.5%;在家、室内、外公共场合暴露于二手烟的比例分别为55.1%、64.5%和66.7%;现在吸烟学生中父母至少有一方是吸烟者及好朋友是吸烟者分别为81.1%、91.5%;86.4%的初中学生

  13. Acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccine among parents of junior middle school students in Jinan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Ma, Yuanyuan; Wang, Xia; Zou, Huachun; Zhao, Fanghui; Wang, Shaoming; Zhang, Shaokai; Zhao, Yong; Marley, Gifty; Ma, Wei

    2015-05-21

    To determine the level of awareness on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and acceptance of HPV vaccination among parents of junior middle school students. A cross sectional survey employing cluster sampling was conducted in Jinan, Shandong Province of China in January of 2013. A total of 400 parents of junior middle school students participated in the questionnaire survey, among whom 360 (90%) completed valid questionnaires. About 88 (22.63%) parents had ever heard of HPV. Only one in ten (10.2%) knew about HPV vaccine. Parents willing to accept HPV vaccination for children accounted for 40.8%. Factors associated willing to accept HPV vaccination for children among parents were: female parent (AOR: 0.38, 95%CI: 0.21-0.67), having ever heard of HPV vaccine (AOR: 2.38, 95%CI: 1.01-5.61), thinking HPV vaccination should commence before sexual debut(AOR: 2.16, 95%CI: 1.21-3.85), thinking HPV vaccination should commence before 12 years old (AOR: 2.76, 95%CI: 1.02-7.46) or 13-15 years old (AOR: 4.75, 95%CI: 1.79-12.61), concern about suffering from cervical cancer and/or genital warts (AOR: 2.43, 95%CI: 1.31-4.50). About 60% of parents were in favor of future HPV vaccination promoting in China believing that HPV vaccine could efficiently prevent cervical cancer, anal cancer or genital warts, 37.4% of parents with expectation of governmental subsidy and price regulation. Parental awareness level of HPV vaccine and willingness to accept HPV vaccination for children was low. However, the general attitude of many participants toward future promoting of HPV vaccination in China was encouraging, particularly if certain expectations were met. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Investigation and analysis of the psychological impact of malocclusion on Junior high school students in Wujiaqu city%五家渠市初中生错牙合畸形对心理健康影响的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴秋瑾; 贾德蛟; 刘海霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查研究五家渠市初中生错牙合畸形对心理健康的影响。方法:对五家渠市仅有的两所中学的初中部随机抽取了9个班级,共390名学生,其中男193名,女197名,年龄11.49~16.55岁,平均年龄为(14.08±0.84)岁,均为汉族。先采用中国中学生心理健康量表对初中生进行问卷调查。再对其按照错牙合畸形切牙分类法标准和个别正常牙合标准进行检查登记,被分成五组:切牙I类组、切牙II 1分类组、切牙II 2分类组、切牙III类组和个别正常牙合组。采用Kruskal-Wallis H秩和检验进行数据分析。结果:在心理健康总均分、强迫症状、敌对、人际关系紧张与敏感、焦虑、学习压力和情绪不平衡方面,切牙III类组与切牙I类组、切牙II 1分类、切牙II 2分类、个别正常牙合组比较,心理异常差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。在偏执、抑郁、适应不良得分方面,切牙III类组和其他四组比较,除了切牙III类组与个别正常牙合组心理异常差异有统计学意义外(P<0.0125),切牙III类组心理异常的比例比个别正常牙合组高。与其余组比较均无统计学差异(P>0.0125)。在心理不平衡得分方面,切牙III类组与其他四组比较,心理异常差异均有统计学意义外(P<0.0125),切牙III类组心理异常的比例比其余四组都高。结论:错牙合畸形对初中生心理健康存在一定的不良影响,特别是切牙III类对心理不平衡的负面影响。鼓励患有错牙合畸形的初中生尽早进行正畸治疗,对可能出现的心理问题及时进行疏导和干预。%Objective To investigate psychosocial impacts of malocclusion on junior high school students in Wujiaqu city. Methods Nine classes were randomly sampled from the only two junior high schools in Wujiaqu city. There were 390 junior high school students (193 boys, 197 girls). They belonged to China’s main

  15. A Study on Lead-in of English Class in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马琴

    2016-01-01

    Lead-in is the first step of the English classroom teaching. It plays an essential role for revision. A good lead-in can show the dif⁃ficult points of the new class more clearly, activate the atmosphere of classroom, stimulate the interests and arouse the enthusiasm of stu⁃dents in learning. The author conducted a survey for Grade 7 in Guyuan No.3 Junior High School by the means of classroom observation and questionnaire, aiming to know about the current situation of lead-in in the English classroom teaching in junior high schools, to identi⁃fy the main problems and thus to take feasible ways in lead-in methods to improve the efficiency of the classroom teaching.

  16. LaFollette High School Student Vandalism Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borland, Glenn F.

    The development of an anti-vandalism program based on the principle of an informed student population is described. Volunteer high school and junior high school students operate an educational program for children in the lower grades, using devices such as T-shirts, bumperstickers, lecture presentations and television vignettes. A reward system…

  17. SOUNDS LEARNING USING TEAMS GAMES TOURNAMENT WITH FLASH CARD AS MEDIA AT THE 13th JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL OF MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lestari

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to know about students’ response and the effectiveness of Teams Games Tournament learning model with Flash Card as media. This research type is Quasi Experimental Nonequivalent Group Design. The subject of the study is the students of 8 E and 8 F of the 13th junior high school of Magelang. The result of cognitive assessment showed that the classical learning achievement was 87% and the gained score was 0.46 which is included in media category. Value of Sig. (2-tailed of Mann-Whitney U-Test is 0.01. It means that there is the significant difference of academic achievement between the experiment group and the control group. The result of affective and pshycomotoric assessments are included in good category at average score 75% and 71%. Correlation among cognitive, affective, and psychomotoric learning achievements was strong at R Score 0.684. Students’ response toward the learning showed average score at 74%, and it was included in good category. Based on the result, Teams Games Tournament learning model with Flash Card as media in learning about sounds at the 13th junior high school in Magelang is effective towards the learning achievement and the responses of the 8 D graders towards the learning is categorized good.

  18. Investigation and analysis of the psychological impact of malocclusion on Junior high school students in Wuji-aqu city%五家渠市初中生牙齿审美对社会心理影响的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴秋瑾; 贾德蛟; 刘海霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查研究错牙合畸形对五家渠市初中生社会心理的影响。方法:对五家渠市390名汉族初中生,男193人,女197人,平均年龄14.08±0.84岁。进行牙科审美社会心理影响量表(PIDAQ中文版)问卷调查。按照错牙合畸形切牙分类法标准和个别正常牙合标准进行检查登记,分成5组:切牙I类组、切牙II1分类组、切牙II2分类组、切牙III类组和个别正常牙合组。采用Kruskal-Wallis H秩和检验进行数据分析。结果:在社会影响方面,除了切牙III类与个别正常牙合组得分有统计学差异外(P<0.0125),与其余3组比较均无统计学差异(P>0.0125),切牙III类组比个别正常牙合组得分高4分。在审美态度方面,除了切牙III类与切牙II1分类组得分无统计学差异外(P>0.0125),与其余3组比较均有统计学差异(P<0.0125),切牙III类组比切牙I类组高3分,比切牙II2分类组高2.5分,比个别正常牙合组高4分。在牙齿自信方面,除了切牙III类与个别正常牙合组得分有统计学差异外(P<0.0125),与其余3组比较均无统计学差异(P>0.0125),切牙III类组比个别正常牙合组得分低4分。结论:错牙合畸形对初中生社会心理存在一定的不良影响,特别是错牙合畸形加重了初中生的社会影响,降低了其牙齿自信,切牙II1分类和切牙III类加重了初中生的审美态度影响。鼓励患有错牙合畸形的初中生尽早进行正畸治疗,对可能出现的心理问题及时进行疏导和干预。%Objective:To investigate psychosocial impacts of malocclusion on junior high school students. Method:Nine classes were randomly sampled from the only two junior high schools in Wujiaqu city. There were 390 junior high school students(193 boys,197 girls). They are all Han people with mean age of 14.08±0.84 years,age range of 11.49~16.55 years. And they

  19. 成都市区1486名女性大、中学生进食障碍的现况调查%A cross-sectional investigation on eating disorders in 1486 female students from universities, senior high schools and junior high schools in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁雪梅; 郭兰婷; 刘可智

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of eating disorders and its correlated factors in female students of universities,senior high schools and junior high schools.Methods A total of 1486female students took part in the study.They were sampled by optimum distributing delaminating grouping method,representing the female students in 6 universities and 8 high schools in the 5 urban areas in Chengdu.Participants completed the Eating Disorder Inventory(EDI),Body Mass Index-based Silhouette Matching Test(BMI-SMT),Self-rating Depression Scale,Beck Anxiety Inventory and a self-administered questionnaire in the class time.We performed the t test and logistic regression to analysis the data.Results The estimated total prevalence of eating disorders in the female students was 3.32%.17 years old (7.16%)was the easiest age to develop eating disorders while in senior high school(5.21%)showing the highest prevalence rate.There were differences between the eating disorders tendency group and none eating disorders tendency group in cognitive warp(P=0.009)and expectation warp(P=0.000)of BMI-SMT.The related factors of eating disorders were:concerning about the idol at media,non-harmonious parental relationships and being abused in childhood,body dissatisfaction factor of EDI,interoceptive awareness factor of EDI and anxiety.Conclusion The total prevalence of female students'eating disorders in Chengdu was high and more attention should be paid to them on their mental health.%目的 探讨女性大、中学生进食障碍的患病率及其相关因素.方法 采用最优分配分层整群随机抽样法从成都市区抽取大学6所、普通高中1所、普通中专1所、成人中专2所、职业高中1所、初中3所,共1486名女性大、中学生,采用进食障碍问卷、体像障碍量表、抑郁自评量表、贝克焦虑自评量表、自编调查问卷进行现场调查.采用t检验和logistic回归分析数据.结果 成都市女性大、中学

  20. A FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT MODEL OF CRITICAL THINKING IN MATHEMATICS LEARNING IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Rosnawati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to obtain a valid and reliable formative evaluation model of critical thinking. The method used in this research was the research and development by integrating Borg & Gall's model and  Plomp's development model. The ten steps Borg & Gall’s model were modified into five stages as the stages in the Plomp's model. The subjects in this study were 1,446 students of junior high schools in DIY, 14 mathematics teacher, and six experts. The content validity employed was expert judgment, the empirical validity and reliability used were loading factor, item analysis used PCM 1PL, and the relationship between disposition and critical thinking skill used was structural equation modeling (SEM. The developed formative evaluation model is the procedural model. There are five aspects of critical thinking skill: mathematic reasoning, interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, which entirely composed of 42 items. The validity of the critical thinking skill instruments achieves a significance degree as indicated by the lowest and the highest loading factors of 0.38 and 0.74 subsequently, the reliability of every aspect in a good category. The average level of difficulty is 0.00 with the standard deviation of 0.45 which is in a good category. The peer assessment questionnaire of critical thinking disposition consists of seven aspects: truth-seeking, open-minded, analysis, systematic, self-confidence, inquisitiveness, and maturity with 23 items. The critical thinking disposition validity achieves the significance degree as indicated by the lowest and the high factor loading of 0.66 and 0.76 subsequently, and the reliability of every aspect in a good category. Based on the analysis of the structural equation model, the model fits the data.

  1. Books as a means for stimulating language development of junior primary-school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovačević-Gavrilović Vera

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of the use of diversified literature for enhancing speech culture in school is recognized and highlighted in Serbian language teaching. In order to find out what selections of literature junior students make and whether free choice of literature results in acquisition of verbal contents and development of verbal expressiveness, we examined the retelling of a previously read text, since this form of verbal behavior is predominantly used for developing students’ verbal expressiveness in primary school. The study was conducted on a sample comprising the first, second, third, and fourth grade students of an urban primary school (30 respondents in each group, total = 120. The aim was to register, during the students’ retelling, the number and the production of newly acquired words and the correctness of the sentences used. The linguistic material used in the research contained fairy tales, fables, short stories and books that children had spontaneously selected. The analysis showed that books are a useful tool for enhancing both vocabulary expansion and elaboration of sentence structures. When analyzing the results of this type the distinction must be made between the attainment of students who only reproduce expressions and structures and those who productively use new words and structures. .

  2. Junior High School Chinese Language Dialogue Classes Building%初中语文对话课堂构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐胜华

    2014-01-01

    Junior high school language classroom building is reality requires in curriculum reform, dialogue class build-ing seizes several key elements as students, teachers, texts, life, highlighting the dominant position of students. Dia-logue class building should implement learning readiness→preview show→expand and extend→learning reflection and several other key processes, effectively promote teacher-student, life, born of the dialogue between the students and the life, to stimulate students' interest in learning the language, enhance the efficiency of the classroom and students' language literacy.%初中语文课堂构建是课程改革不断深入的现实需要,对话课堂构建抓住学生、教师、文本、生活等几个关键要素,突出学生的主体地位。对话课堂构建要充分落实好学习准备→预习展示→文本解读→拓展延伸→学习反思等几个关键过程,有效推进师生、生生、生本、学生与生活间的对话,激发学生语文学习兴趣,提升课堂效率与学生语文素养。

  3. Class Size Reduction Experiment and the Effect on Teaching and School Life in Chinese Primary and Junior High Schools

    OpenAIRE

    蒋, 莉; 李, 東林; 山崎, 博敏

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviewed the present state of class size in Chinese primary and junior high schools and class size reduction experiment in major cities. Then, according to teacher survey data, the situation of teaching, learning and school life were analyzed. It was showed that pupil's study and school life were influenced by class size in primary school. That is to say the smaller class size is the better the teaching and learning. However, in junior high schools those tendencies were not seen.

  4. Preparing Students for Geologic Research with a Junior-level Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macdonald, R.; Bailey, C. M.; Hancock, G. S.; Johnson, G. H.; Owens, B. E.

    2001-12-01

    A required research project for all seniors is a cornerstone of the undergraduate geology program at the College of William and Mary. To help prepare students for this experience, junior geology majors take a required one-credit course, Introduction to Geologic Research. The main goals of the course are to help students define their individual research project and to develop basic research and presentation skills. Specific objectives are to introduce the process of geologic research and to have students discuss and defend geologic research with peers and faculty and give formal oral and written presentations of the research proposal. The major products of the course include a research bibliography, a 10-15 page proposal and an oral presentation and defense of the proposed research. The course is team-designed and -taught, with the five faculty members coming to a consensus about course content and assignments. All students undertake the same set of activities allowing all faculty and students to know and contribute to all proposed research. Individual class sessions include brief faculty research presentations and approaches to research problems, along with basic skills such as evaluation of research proposals, effective searching and analysis of primary literature, compelling graphics, informal research proposal defense and responding to questions raised, effective writing, effective oral presentations, and a final oral presentation and defense of the proposed research. We emphasize classroom activities with lectures kept to a minimum. For example, to learn to develop effective graphics, students evaluate figures taken from past senior theses and the published literature, individually plot given data, and then compare the resulting graphs. A discussion of the choices involved in creating figures along with suggestions by faculty completes the assignment. Assignments about specific skills (e.g., literature searching) are coupled with assignments that build toward

  5. The Enhancement of Junior High School Students’ Abilities in Mathematical Problem Solving Using Soft Skill-Based Metacognitive Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atma Murni

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to know the differences of enhancement inmathematical problem solving ability (MPSA between the studentswho received soft skill- based metacognitive learning (SSML with thestudents who got conventional learning (CL. This research is a quasiexperimental design with pretest-postest control group. The populationin this study is the students of Junior High School in Pekanbaru city.The sample consist of 135 students, 68 of them are from the high-levelschool, and 67 students are from the middle-level school. The instruments are mathematical prior knowledge (MPK test, MPSA test,instruction observation sheet, students journal about the lesson, and the guideline for interview. The data was analyzed using t-test and two way ANOVA. The result of data analysis indicates: (1 overall, theenhancement of students’ MPSA with SSML approach significantly ishigher than those with conventional learning (CL; (2 there is nointeraction between the learning approach (SSML and CL with theschool level (high and middle toward the enhancement of MPSA; (3there is no interaction between the learning approach (SSML and CLwith MPK (upper, middle, and low toward the enhancement of MPSA.

  6. The level of development of hyponymy in the language of junior elementary-school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazarević Emilija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The ability to establish lexical relations of hyponymy is one of the most relevant indicators of lexical-semantic development, i.e. language development in general. Bearing this in mind, the aim of our research was to examine to what extent hyponymy is developed in the language of junior elementary-school age students. The research was conducted in three elementary schools in Belgrade during 2013/14 academic year. The sample was adequate and comprised 431 second and third grade students. The subtest Hyponymy of the Lexical-Semantic Test was used in the research (author: Z. Kasić. The results showed that the mentioned relation of meaning was, to the greatest extent, established in the area of hyponymic polisemy, then in the use of conkrete nouns, and then in the use of abstract nouns. The findings indicate the relation between acquisition of hyponymy and academic attainment, while gender differences were not found. The results lead to the conclusion that various lexical excercises should be practiced at early school age continously and intensively, bearing in mind that lexical-semantic development, cognitive development and (unsuccesful mastering of curricular contents are linked interdependently.

  7. Awareness of ionizing radiation exposure among junior doctors and senior medical students in radiological investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abuelhia, Elfatih

    2017-03-01

    The awareness and knowledge of ionizing radiation exposure in radiological investigations among junior doctors and medical students were studied. The participants were year four to year six senior medical students enrolled at University of Dammam and interns in King Fahad University Hospital. The survey consisted of 22 questions designed online using the software 'QuestionPro' licensed to the University of Dammam. 100 hard copies were also distributed manually and collected. A total of 221 (88.5%) questionnaires were completed. 213 participants viewed, 151 started and 128 (84.7%) completed online. 93% of the distributed samples were completed. Overall knowledge was poor; 44% and 19% of the respondents thought incorrectly that MRI and ultrasound emit ionizing radiation, respectively. Respondents (92%; n  =  203) underestimated the dose of abdominal spiral computed tomography (CT) and 4% thought no ionizing radiation involved in CT. 59% of respondents underestimated the radiation doses in nuclear medicine; bone scan 87%, PET/CT scan 67%, thyroid isotope scan 45% and PET scan 36%. 47% of the subjects had attended formal lectures, tutorials or workshops on radiation protection while 53% (n  =  119) had not. For future education the majority stated they would prefer tutorials or workshops (42.3%) or problem-based learning/case studies (32.4%), while web-based modules would be their last choice (8.1%).

  8. Motivational Strategies in Teaching English as Foreign Language: A Case Study in Junior High School 7 Kuningan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Aprianto Budie Nugroho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to analyze motivational strategies in teaching English as foreign language at 7th grade of Junior High School 7 Kuningan and to analyze students‟ attitudes towards motivational strategies that were applied by teachers in teaching EFL. The researchers used qualitative research by using classroom observation, interview, and questionnaires. The result taken from classroom observation and interview show teacher 1 and teacher 3 applied motivational strategies completely based on the phases of motivational strategies. Thus, the students responded these strategies positively. On the other hand, teacher 2 applied motivational strategies incompletely because the teacher missed the first phases. This was responded negatively by students. Therefore, the students were actively involved in teaching and learning process conducted by teacher 1 and teacher 2, but the students were passively involved in teaching and learning process conducted by teacher 2. Furthermore, the result taken from questionnaires shows that students gave positive attitudes towards the teacher 1 (88.25%, teacher 2 (79.02%, and teacher 3 (85.71%. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the way the teachers applied motivational strategies in teaching EFL determined students‟ attitudes towards motivational strategies applied by teachers in teaching EFL.

  9. The effects of a hardiness educational intervention on hardiness and perceived stress of junior baccalaureate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jameson, Paula R

    2014-04-01

    Baccalaureate nursing education is stressful. The stress encompasses a range of academic, personal, clinical, and social reasons. A hardiness educational program, a tool for stress management, based on theory, research, and practice, exists to enhance the attitudes and coping strategies of hardiness (Maddi, 2007; Maddi et al., 2002). Research has shown that students who completed the hardiness educational program, subsequently improved in grade point average (GPA), college retention rates, and health (Maddi et al., 2002). Little research has been done to explore the effects of hardiness education with junior baccalaureate nursing students. Early identification of hardiness, the need for hardiness education, or stress management in this population may influence persistence in and completion of a nursing program (Hensel and Stoelting-Gettelfinger, 2011). Therefore, the aims were to determine if an increase in hardiness and a decrease in perceived stress in junior baccalaureate nursing students occurred in those who participated in a hardiness intervention. The application of the Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model established connections and conceptual collaboration among stress, stimuli, adaptation, and hardi-coping. A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group with pre-test and post-test was used with a convenience sample of full-time junior level baccalaureate nursing students. Data were collected from August 2011 to December 2011. Results of statistical analyses by paired t-tests revealed that the hardiness intervention did not have a statistically significant effect on increasing hardiness scores. The hardiness intervention did have a statistically significant effect on decreasing perceived stress scores. The significant decrease in perceived stress was congruent with the Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model. Further hardiness research among junior baccalaureate nursing students, utilizing the entire hardiness intervention, was recommended.

  10. The prevalence of obesity and wasting and their correlation with food intake in female junior school students in Zahedan, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzaneh Montazery Fard

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: By considering important role of nutrition in children and teenagers’ health, their nutritional status are determined as obesity and wasting using weight and height. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and wasting and their relationship to food intake in female students of junior schools in Zahedan. Methods: In a descriptive analytical cross-sectional study, 687 female students from junior schools were selected by multiple stage sampling method. After recording the participants’ demographic data, their weight and height were measured for body mass index (BMI calculation according to standard method. National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS and National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES II data and a 48-hour recall questionnaire were used. Results: Of the surveyed girls, 16.9%, 31.7% and 13.2% were wasted, under weight and stunted, respectively 8.7% and 1.7% were over weight and obese, respectively. The mean of energy intake was 1502.1±415.7 kcal/d in the students which is less than the recommended dietary allowances (RDA and there were no balances in daily intake of protein, carbohydrate and lipids. In respect to energy and protein intake, 94.1% and 26.6% of students had deficiency, respectively. On the other hand, findings showed iron (72.1%, calcium (99.8%, phosphorus (83.6%, zinc (84.3%, vitamin A (63.8% and B12 (66.5% intake deficiencies. Conclusion: The female students of junior schools of Zahedan do not have a proper nutritional status according to physical state, energy, protein, and micronutrients intakes and they are at the risk of wasting and underweight. Therefore, we suggest implementation of programs for nutritional support and designing of proper patterns of food consumption to improve female junior students’ nutritional status.

  11. How to Improve the History Teaching Efficiency in Junior High Schools%如何提高初中历史教学效率

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董志新

    2016-01-01

    In the present when the new curriculum reform is gradually deepening, the junior high school history teachers should also adhere to the concept of quality education, to improve the students’ comprehensive quality and their ability to learn through history teaching. Junior high school history teachers should combine schools’ practical situation with the students' learning situation, to create a good learning atmosphere for students under the new curriculum standard request and on the basis of interest, they should set up an innovative teaching goal, to improve the junior high school history teaching efficiency through various teaching methods.%在新课程改革逐步深化的当下,初中历史教师也要秉承素质教育理念,通过历史教学提高学生的综合素养和学习能力。初中历史教师要结合好学校实际情况和学生的学习情况,在新课程标准要求下,以兴趣为基础,为学生营造好的学习氛围,制定有创新性的教学目标,通过多样的教学方法提高初中历史教学效率。

  12. Inquire Deeply into Influencing Factors Analysis on Influencing Factors of Junior High School Students Metacognition Use in the Language Learning%寻根究底 追问影响因素为几何——初中生语文学习中元认知使用的影响因素探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志喜

    2012-01-01

    Junior high school students' language learning ability are quite different, to get to the bottom, resulting in the dif- ferences of their metacognition use, metacognition factors affect mainly three aspects based on some of the learning object characteristics affect the use of language learning metacognition, the second is based on the characteristics of the learners will affect the use of meta-cognitive, metacognition learners external environmental factors impact.%初中生的语文学习能力存在较大差异,寻根究底,导致这个差异存在的是他们的元认知使用,而影响元认知使用的的因素主要是三个方面:一是基于学习对象的某些特性对语文学习的元认知使用有影响,二是基于学习者本身的特点会影响元认知的使用,三是基于学习者外在环境因素对元认知使用的影响。

  13. Teaching image-processing concepts in junior high school: boys' and girls' achievements and attitudes towards technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak, Moshe; Asad, Khaled

    2012-04-01

    Background : This research focused on the development, implementation and evaluation of a course on image-processing principles aimed at middle-school students. Purpose : The overarching purpose of the study was that of integrating the learning of subjects in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), and linking the learning of these subjects to the children's world and to the digital culture characterizing society today. Sample : The participants were 60 junior high-school students (9th grade). Design and method : Data collection included observations in the classes, administering an attitude questionnaire before and after the course, giving an achievement exam and analyzing the students' final projects. Results and conclusions : The findings indicated that boys' and girls' achievements were similar throughout the course, and all managed to handle the mathematical knowledge without any particular difficulties. Learners' motivation to engage in the subject was high in the project-based learning part of the course in which they dealt, for instance, with editing their own pictures and experimenting with a facial recognition method. However, the students were less interested in learning the theory at the beginning of the course. The course increased the girls', more than the boys', interest in learning scientific-technological subjects in school, and the gender gap in this regard was bridged.

  14. Related factors of mental health in primary and junior high students with single parent family in urban area of Tianjin city%天津市区单亲中小学生心理健康相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓菲; 梁瑞华; 毛富强; 冯秀娟; 刘霞; 刘宏伟; 侯筱菲; 柳雷

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解天津市区单亲中小学生心理健康状况及其影响因素.方法 采用多级分层随机整群抽样方法,抽取天津市1 625名中小学生,采用自编一般情况调查表、心理健康诊断测验(MHT)、父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)进行调查.结果 天津市区中小学生单亲比率为10.8%,和平区最高,为12.85%,七年级学生单亲比率最高,为12.79%;父母文化程度为本科的学生在学习焦虑、对人焦虑、自责倾向、过敏倾向、恐怖倾向方面的得分低于父母为中专的学生,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);单亲中小学生心理健康问题(总分≥65分)检出率为20%;单亲学生的心理健康状况在总分及各个因子得分均高于双亲学生(P<0.05);父亲惩罚严厉、拒绝否认的教养方式与单亲学生MHT的8个因子均呈正相关(P<0.01);母亲过分干涉保护、拒绝否认、惩罚严厉的教养方式与学习焦虑、对人焦虑、孤独倾向、过敏倾向、身体症状、恐怖倾向等均呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 天津市单亲中小学生存在较多的心理健康问题.%Objective To study mental health condition and its influence factors among primary and junior high students in single parent family. Methods Totally 1 625 students from 36 classes were examined with a self-designed common status questionnaire, Mental Health of Test ( MHT) , and Egma Minnea av Bardndosnauppforstran ( EMBU). Results Among the students, 10. 8% were from single parent family. The percentage of students with single parent family was 12. 79% for the students in grade 7. The students with parents having college education showed significantly lower scores than the students with parents having technical secondary school education for anxiety,self-accusation,sensitivity,and fear( all P < 0. 05). The students with single parent family had a detection rate of 20% for mental health problems (total score ≥65). The score of mental health for students

  15. 突破初中英语写作瓶颈的策略分析%Strategies to Break the Bottleneck of Junior High School English Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓剑昆

    2014-01-01

    English learning includes listening, speaking, reading and writing four parts, in junior high school English teach-ing, teaching writing is an important and indispensable component. The vocabulary of English composition, structure, gram-mar, etc. in one set, writing instruction can promote students' comprehensive ability to use language. However, the current situation is not optimistic teaching junior high school English writing;students learn English writing is not only weak link, but also one of the bottlenecks in the teaching of English teachers. Therefore, this article is for junior high school English Writing discuss the problems in the analysis, put forward some writing teaching measures to improve the quality of teaching and promoting junior high school English writing skills.%英语学习包括了听、说、读、写四个部分,在初中英语教学中,写作教学是不可缺少的重要组成部分。英语作文将词汇、结构、语法等集于一体,写作教学能够促进学生综合语言运用能力。但是,初中英语写作教学现状不容乐观,英语写作不仅是学生学习的薄弱环节,同时也是英语教师在教学中的瓶颈之一。因此,本文就针对初中英语写作教学中存在的问题进行探讨分析,提出了一些写作教学措施,从而提高教学质量,促进初中生英语写作水平。

  16. How to Transform and Improve Students with English Learning Difficulty in Junior High School%如何转化和提高初中英语学困生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建新

    2011-01-01

    According to problems of students with learning difficulty, attention to them. Teachers should analyze the causes of students with learning countermeasures to transform and improve students with learning difficulty.%针对目前英语学困生的问题,英语教师必须加以重视。教师要分析学困生形成的原因,并根据这些原因采取相关的措施.进一步来转化和提高学困生。

  17. Current situation and the risk factors of electronic cigarette using in the junior high school students ;from Guangxi in 2013%2013年广西初中生电子烟吸烟现状及多因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚美; 梁绍伶; 李永振; 熊绮梦; 陆松仪; 周荣军

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of using electronic cigarette and related risk factors in the junior school students form Guangxi,for providing a scientific basis on the implementation of effective measure to control youth electronic cigarette use in the future.Methods Cluster sampling method was applied and the Global Youth Tobacco Epidemic Survey Questionnaire were used to collect data of students in 36 junior schools in Guangxi in 2013.Results A total of 5858 validated questionnaires were obtained. The rates of attempted to and current smoking were 24.8% and 11.2% in the students respectively. The rate of heard of and using electronic cigarette were 46.71% (2 736/5 858) and 2.85% (167/5 858) respectively. Multivariate regression analysis showed that sex, age, grade and with smoking friends were risk factors with had O R values of 2.422,1.661,1.743,and 3.005,respectively. Conclusion The rate of heard of and using electronic cigarette in the junidy high school students in Guangxi is high, electronic cigarettes online shopping website was easy to obtain and there is existence of regulatory gaps, so combined system of controlling electronic cigarette smoking among teenagers should be set up.%目的了解广西初中生电子烟吸烟现状及影响因素。方法采用整群抽样方法,使用全球青少年烟草流行调查问卷对广西36所5892名初中学生进行匿名问卷调查。结果收回有效问卷5858份,尝试吸烟率为24.80%,现在吸烟率11.20%,听说过电子烟的比例为46.71%(2736/5858),电子烟吸烟率为2.85%(167/5858)。多因素非条件logistic 回归分析显示,性别、年龄、年级、好朋友是否吸烟4项均有统计学意义(P<0.01),相对危险度依次为2.422、1.661、1.743、3.005。结论广西初中生听说过电子烟比例高,电子烟在网上购物网站容易获得,电子烟存在监管空白,应采取综合防控措施。

  18. Effect of a supportive-educative program in the math class for stress, anxiety, and depression in female students in the third level of junior high school: An action research

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Seyedeh Emamjomeh; Masoud Bahrami

    2015-01-01

    .... This in turn might lead to stress, anxiety, depression, and other health-related problems. There are a very limited number of action research studies to identify the effect of stress management techniques among students...

  19. Life-style and drug involvement among youths in an inner city junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dembo, R; Schmeidler, J; Burgos, W

    1980-02-01

    Data gathered in a winter 1976 survey of youths attending a New York City junior high school were analyzed to learn how features of their life-styles related to their involvement with drugs. The results indicate that the youths' substance use is an environmentally related phenomenon. The factors of peer-held esteem of drug using, gang involved persons, friends' use of alcohol and marijuana, and participation in spare-time activities of a drug/street culture nature were found to provide important insights into the youths' drug taking.

  20. THE MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN AR RAIHAN BANDAR LAMPUNG JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betti Nuraini

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This case study portrays the human resources development management in Junior High School Ar Raihan Bandar Lampung. It was designed into five stages, i.e. planning, designing (determining, collecting data, analyzing data, and drawing conclusion. The study found that (1 the selection process the teachers’, librarians’ and laboratory personnels’ recruitment was nil; (2 the recruitment gave priority only to teachers, counselors, and administrative staff;; (3 the employment of librarians and laboratory assistants becomes a second priority compared to teachers, counselors, and administrative staff; (5 the school gave an equal renumeration to the teachers and the education personnel; (6 the focus of human development was on teachers.

  1. The Efficacy of Web-Based Multimedia Education of Normal Electrocardiogram in Junior and Senior Medical Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariborz Akbarzadeh

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Wide spread availability of internet made the web based education as a real module for training under -graduate medical students. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web based multimedia education in normal electrocardiography. Methods: In a semi-experimental study and based on the educational programs of medical students in their inpatient training courses, the normal electrocardiogram selected for web based multimedia education. The materials necessary to teach normal electrocardiogram were provided and multimedia was prepared for installing into computers. Two groups of medical students, 30 in each group in their cardiology service (senior and junior students were selected. Mean while the intervention group studied the multimedia for an hour and for comparison group classroom - based education was done. At the end of study all students answered to atwenty question questionnaire about normal electrocardiogram. Results: The percentage of correct answers in intervention and comparison groups was 72% and 71% respectively. The prevalence of correct answer for junior students in intervention and comparison group was 68% and 67% respectively. The percentage for senior students was 73% and 75%. Conclusion: Like other studies, this study showed the multimedia training can be as effective as the routine classroom based learning. Web based multimedia education is as efficient as classroom based education and can be used as a suitable alternative to conventional methods of training.

  2. Han Yong edify temperament books---from the analysis of junior middle school students' bad psychological reading of junior high school Chinese Reading Teaching%涵咏书海熏陶性情--从剖析初中学生不良阅读心理谈初中语文阅读教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2014-01-01

    The improvement of students' Chinese quality, the key lies in the accumulation of students, and the main channel is the accumulation of reading. This paper tries to talk from the bad phenomenon of reading for today's students, analyzes its bad reading psychology. According to the bad reading psychology among middle school students, and puts forward some rational suggestions from the reading guidance teachers, the teaching method of reading material, reading three. Affirms that reading in middle school Chinese teaching position.%学生语文素养的提高,关键在于学生平时的积累,而积累的主要渠道是阅读。本文试图从当今中学生的不良阅读现象谈起,分析其不良的阅读心理。根据中学生的不良阅读心理,本文从指导阅读的教师、阅读的材料、阅读的教学方法三方面提出了合理化建议,肯定阅读在中学语文教学中的地位。

  3. 游戏教学法在初中体育中的应用%The Application of Game Teaching Method in Junior High School Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铳沛; 吴鹤飞

    2014-01-01

    爱玩是低年级学生与生俱来的性格特征,而游戏教学本身所具备生动活泼特点也恰到好处地迎合了学生的兴趣爱好。新课改下,初中体育教学形式不断丰富,就其中一种,即游戏教学法,对它的应用策略展开分析探究,旨在说明游戏教学在初中体育教学中的作用及价值。%Love to play is a junior student innate character,and the game itself has a lively teaching characteristic is proper to cater to the interests of students. Under the new curriculum reform,enrich the junior high school physical education teaching form,in this paper,one of them,namely the game teaching method,it analyzes the application of the strategy to explore,to explain the game teaching in junior middle school sports teaching the role and value.

  4. 深圳市小学初中学生视力发育及屈光状态流行病学调查%Epidemiological study on visual acuity and refractive status of primary students and junior high school students in Shenzhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冰; 周薇薇; 刘春民; 杨耘; 成洪波; 徐雪娇

    2016-01-01

    AIM:To study the visual acuity and refractive status of students pupils and middle school students in Shenzhen, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of myopia. METHODS:A cluster sampling method was used to select five primary school students(6 737) and three junior middle school students(1 925) from Shenzhen. The visual acuity, anterior segment, fundus, eye position, and refractive status were measured. Information on associated factors for poor vision were also obtained using a questionaire. The risk factors of poor vision and the rate of myopia between grade or gender were analysed by Chi-square test. RESULTS:The rate of poor vision was 67. 0%. Female, family history of high myopia, long time of continuous look near, short time of outdoor activities were the main risk factors. The rate of emmetropia, hyperopia, astigmatism and myopia were 15. 1%, 11. 3%, 11. 0% and 62. 6% respectively. Emmetropia, hyperopia and astigmatism incidenece rate decreased with age growing, but myopia incidence rate was increased. There were significant differences between adjacent two grades in myopia(χ2=7. 338-45. 018, P CONCLUSION:The rate of poor vison is pretty high in students of Shenzhen aged between 5 to 16 years old, and myopia is the main reason. The development rate of myopia is increased with age. Early management of myopia may play an important role in controlling poor vision in students.%目的:了解深圳市小学初中学生视力及屈光状态,为近视防控提供科学±据。  方法:整群抽取深圳市5所小学学生(6737名)和3所中学初中学生(1925名)进行问卷调查,同时进行视力、眼前节、眼底、眼位和屈光状态检查。运用卡方检验分析视力不良的危险因素,并对不同性别和年级的近视率进行比较。  结果:深圳市5~16岁学生视力不良检出率67.0%,其中女性、高度近视家族史,连续看近时间过长和户外活动时间过短为学生

  5. How to Improve the Students of Junior High School Language Learning Ability%如何提高初中学困生的语文学习能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘颖

    2014-01-01

    The language discipline students with learning difficulties is a contrary to expectation things,how the effective way to reduce the probability of occurrence of learning difficulties students,how to improve the learning difficulty students language learning ability is an urgent problem for teachers to solve existing. The causes of lealning difficulties conducted a careful analysis,find some symptomatic strategies.%如何通过有效途径减少初中语文学困生发生的概率,如何提高已有学困生语文学习的能力是教师亟待解决的问题。对学困生的成因进行了仔细分析,寻找了一些对症策略。

  6. 关于家庭成员缺失的农村初中生的教育%On Education for Rural Junior High School Students Missing Family Members

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦美桥

    2011-01-01

    Because of the development of society, rural migrant workers are more and more and divorce rate is higher and higher, and some disdases and accidents appear, many children become left-behind students, singleparent students and double solitary students. Th%由于社会的发展,农村外出务工人员越来越多,离婚率也越来越高,再加上疾病等一些事故的发生,许多孩子成为了留守学生、单亲甚至双孤学生。而这些学生是一个特殊的群体,他们有自身的特点,教师及社会需要给予他们更多的关注

  7. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen II (Parte 1). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II, Part 1. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include number line and coordinates, equations, scientific notation,…

  8. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen II (Parte 2). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II, Part 2. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include real numbers, similar triangles, variation, polyhedrons,…

  9. Como Ayudarle a su Hijo con la Tarea Escolar: Una guia para padres de alumnos de escuela primaria y secundaria (Helping Your Child with Homework: For Parents of Elementary and Junior High School-Aged Children).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulu, Nancy, Ed.; Perkinson, Kathryn, Ed.

    This Spanish-language booklet is designed to provide parents of elementary and junior high school students with an understanding of the purpose and nature of homework along with suggestions for helping their children complete homework assignments successfully. Following a discussion of why teachers assign homework, how homework can help children…

  10. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen I (Parte 1). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion Inglesa Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I, Part 1, Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Topics included are numbers; cardinal numbers; geometry of lines, points, and planes; geometry of angles,…

  11. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen I (Parte 2). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion Inglesa Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I, Part 2. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Included are chapters on the rational number system; parallels, parallelograms, triangles, and right prisms;…

  12. Como Prepararse a Tiempo para la Universidad: Un Manual para los Padres de Alumnos que Cursan la Escuela Intermedia (Getting Ready for College Early: A Handbook for Parents of Students in the Middle and Junior High School Years).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation.

    This Spanish language booklet, also available in English, provides "los cuatro pasos"--four steps that parents and children can take to ensure that students properly prepare for college. Step one discusses why it is important to go to college; reasons include better job opportunities, more earning potential, and the increased variety of jobs one…

  13. Effect of sports nutrition intervention on constitution of students in boarding junior high school%运动营养干预改善初中寄宿学生体质健康效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡艳龙; 李铁柱; 张文栋; 白厚增; 周瑾; 杨则宜

    2012-01-01

    为了解初中学生体质状况,探讨运动营养干预对学生体质健康的改善效果,对北京市某中学初一寄宿学生进行了体质测试及为期12周的运动营养干预实验.抽取初一40名(男生20名,女生20名)寄宿学生为受试对象,根据体质测试的结果,分为超重肥胖组(男7、女7)、肌肉力量弱组(男6、女6)、心肺功能差组(男7、女7),采用自身对照的方式,进行为期6周的不干预实验和6周采用相应的运动和运动营养食品使用的综合措施进行干预,研究干预前后形态、体质健康、机能等各项指标的变化。实验结果表明:1)大多数学生出现体质不达标情况,具体表现为近半数学生体重偏低,20%左右的学生超重或肥胖,大多数的学生力量素质和心肺功能较低差;2)通过运动营养干预,超重肥胖、肌肉力量弱及心肺功能差等体质问题有明显改善。%In order to investigate physical fitness of boarding middle school students and effects of sports nutrition intervention on students' constitution and health,a physical fitness test and sports nutrition intervention experiment were conducted on students in grade one of a middle school in Beijing. The experiment was made on forty boarding students (20 male and 20 female)for 12 weeks (6 weeks of none intervention and 6 weeks of intervention). Based on the results of students constitution test, the 40 students were divided into 3 groups: the overweight obese group (7 male, 7 female), the hypo muscle strength group (6 male, 6 female) and the hypo cardio- puhnonary ftmction group (7 male, 7 female) to supervise the constitution, health and fitness before and after sports nutrition interventions. The result showed that the body weight of almost half of the student was lower than standard. About twenty percenl of the students were overweight or obesite. The strength and cardiopuhnonary function of most student was

  14. [Trichophyton tonsurans infection among judo practitioners who attended the National Junior High School Judo Tournament in Japan (2005): incidence and therapeutic response].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suganami, Morio; Hirose, Nobuyoshi; Shiraki, Yumi; Hiruma, Masataro; Ikeda, Shigaku

    2006-01-01

    The spread of Trichophyton tonsurans infection among high school students and university undergraduates who practice Judo is an emerging problem in Japan and other countries. However, the extent of infection among Judo practitioners in junior high school in Japan is unknown. We conducted an epidemiological study of T. tonsurans infection among students who participated in the national junior high school Judo tournament in 2005. Of the 1,039 tournament participants invited to undergo screening, 496 (218 boys and 278 girls) consented, and 45 participants (9.1%) were found to be positive by hairbrush culture. We found the following to be relative risk factors for T. tonsurans infection: 1) male gender, 2) frequent judo practice in groups at either a high school or a dojo, 3) presence of tinea corporis in practice partners, 4) history of tinea corporis, 5) classification in lower-weight categories. 45 culture positive subjects were offered treatment and re-examined by hairbrush culture 3 months later. All twelve of them had negative cultures after miconazole shampoo treatment. A half of 12 subjects who had systemic antifungal therapy with itraconazole had positive culture. These observations suggest that T. tonsurans infection is rapidly spreading among junior high school Judo players in Japan. We speculate that the outbreak is caused, at least in part, by ignorance of the disease among Judo students, coaches and officials due to the high incidence of carriers and the mild or asymptomatic form of disease seen in infected individuals. Appropriate measures should be taken immediately to prevent more severe outbreak of this disease.

  15. The characteristics of relational aggression and its relationship with parental psychological control of junior high school students%初中生关系攻击行为的特点及其与父母心理控制的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文令; 刘衍玲; 刘燕

    2013-01-01

    In order to investigate the characteristics of relational aggression,parental psychological control and the relationship between them,324 junior high school students completed the revised Relational Aggression Scale and Psychological Control Scale-Youth Self-Report.Through t test,Simple correlation and Regression analysis,the results were as follows:The students show a low level of relational aggression,but boys' relational aggression is significantly higher than girls' ; The parental psychological control of students is at middle level.The specific circumstances are:the level of maternal psychological control is significantly higher than paternal; the boys got significantly higher scores than girls did in paternal psychological control; Grade three students' parental psychological control is significantly higher than other two grades; The paternal psychological control is positively related to boys'relational aggression ; Regression analysis indicated that except the effect of grade,paternal psychological control can account for 3% of the variance for boys' relational aggression.%采用修订后的关系攻击行为量表和父母心理控制量表,对324名初中生进行调查,并采用t检验、简单相关和回归分析等方法,探讨初中生关系攻击行为和其父母心理控制的特点以及两者之间的关系.结果表明:初中生的关系攻击水平较低.男生的关系攻击水平显著高于女生;初中生的父母的心理控制水平呈中等程度,母亲的心理控制水平显著高于父亲,男生的父亲的心理控制水平显著高于女生,初三年级的父母心理控制水平显著高于初一、初二年级;父亲的心理控制与男生的关系攻击行为呈显著的正相关;回归分析发现,除去年级的作用外,父亲的心理控制对男生的关系攻击行为的解释力为3%.

  16. Iranian New Junior High School Book (Prospect 1 Weighted against Material Evaluation Checklist from Teachers' Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Touran Ahour

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the new version of Iranian EFL junior high school textbook (Prospect1 from the teachers’ perspectives. The participants included90experienced English teachers (42 females and 48 males randomly selected from different junior high schools in different districts of Gilan province, Iran. The evaluation of the textbook was conducted quantitatively through a 5-point Likert scale with seven criteria including subject and content, activities, skills, physical layout, practical consideration, language and general criteria. However, it was accompanied by some open-ended questions that solicited teachers' views about each criterion and the book in general. The descriptive statistics including standard deviation, mean, percentage and frequency were used in the data analysis.The findings revealed that teachers have positive perceptions toward this book.They had a positive view about the prospect1 because of its content and topic relevancy to learners' needs, including real life situations, enjoying challenging subject, having communicative pair and group works and attending to four skills equally. However, they intensified some problems in their open ended questions such as insufficiency of teaching time that is 1.5 hour during a week, not focusing on explicit presentation of some words and grammatical points and not paying attention to some sub-skill strategies. These findings can be helpful for curriculum designers and textbook writers to design some valuable textbooks for other levels and to consider correspondence between time of teaching and volume of the book.

  17. Zambian pre-service junior high school science teachers' chemical reasoning and ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Asiana

    The purpose of this study was two-fold: examine junior high school pre-service science teachers' chemical reasoning; and establish the extent to which the pre-service science teachers' chemical abilities explain their chemical reasoning. A sample comprised 165 junior high school pre-service science teachers at Mufulira College of Education in Zambia. There were 82 males and 83 females. Data were collected using a Chemical Concept Reasoning Test (CCRT). Pre-service science teachers' chemical reasoning was established through qualitative analysis of their responses to test items. The Rasch Model was used to determine the pre-service teachers' chemical abilities and item difficulty. Results show that most pre-service science teachers had incorrect chemical reasoning on chemical concepts assessed in this study. There was no significant difference in chemical understanding between the Full-Time and Distance Education pre-service science teachers, and between second and third year pre-service science teachers. However, there was a significant difference in chemical understanding between male and female pre-service science teachers. Male pre-service science teachers showed better chemical understanding than female pre-service science teachers. The Rasch model revealed that the pre-service science teachers had low chemical abilities, and the CCRT was very difficult for this group of pre-service science teachers. As such, their incorrect chemical reasoning was attributed to their low chemical abilities. These results have implications on science teacher education, chemistry teaching and learning, and chemical education research.

  18. Factors Affecting the Communities Low Interest to State Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Andri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Rendahnya Minat Masyarakat terhadap SMP Negeri Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the factors that affect the low interest Tiong Keranjik villagers to SMP Negeri 3 Belimbing Hulu. The research method uses a quantitative approach, analysis of data using exploratory factor analysis and descriptive analysis. The result was the discovery of five influential factors are: situation school factor, the principal, the attention, the schools, and discipline. The most dominant factor affecting low public interest in the Junior High School is a situation school factor. Key Words: interest, community, Tiong Keranjik, junior high school   Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi rendahnya minat masyarakat Tiong Keranjik terhadap SMP Negeri 3 Belimbing Hulu. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif, analisis data menggunakan analisis faktor eksploratori dan analisis deskriptif. Hasilnya adalah ditemukannya lima faktor yang berpengaruh yaitu: faktor keadaan sekolah, kepala sekolah, perhatian, letak sekolah, dan kedisiplinan. Faktor yang paling dominan mempengaruhi rendahnya minat masyarakat terhadap SMP Negeri adalah faktor keadaan sekolah. Kata kunci: minat, masyarakat, Tiong Keranjik, SMP

  19. IMPLEMENTATION OF LEVELS OF INQUIRY ON SCIENCE LEARNING TO IMPROVE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT’S SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. K. Arief

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Scientific literacy is the key learning  outcomes for all students. Based on observation, scientific literacy of student is less facilitated in science  learning.  Learning of levels of inquiry is one of  solution alternative to increase science literacy. So that, that aim of this study to improve scientific literacy for junior high school students through implementing levels of inquiry in science learning with the theme of global warming. This study used a weak experimental with one group pretest-posttest design. The sample in this study are 35 student at 7th  grade at junior high school in Second semester in academic year 2014/2015. The data of this study is taken by scientific literacy test. The results showed that explain phenomena scientifically competence and interpret data and evidence scientifically competence has increased significantly. Meanwhile, evaluate and design scientific enquiry competence is not significantly increased. In addition, the domain knowledge indicates that the three aspects of the knowledge which consist of content knowledge, procedural knowledge, and epistemic knowledge has increased significantly. Literasi sains merupakan hasil belajar kunci bagi semua siswa. Berdasarkan hasil observasi, literasi sains siswa kurang difasilitasi dalam proses pembelajaran IPA di kelas. Pembelajaran levels of inquiry merupakan salah satu alternatif solusi untuk meningkatkan literasi sains. Oleh karena itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa SMP melalui penerapan levels of inquiry pada pembelajaran IPA tema pemanasan global. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen lemah dengan desain penelitian one group pretest-posttest. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 35 siswa kelas VII SMP pada semester genap tahun pelajaran 2014/2015. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui tes literasi sains. Temuan dalam penelitian ini adalah kompetensi menjelaskan fenomena ilmiah dan kompetensi menginterpretasikan data

  20. A study to assess the knowledge about sexual health among male students of junior colleges of an urban area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayant Ramchandra Kalkute

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sexuality is an important part of personality of adolescents. The age of sexual debut is falling globally. The subject of adolescent sexuality is taboo in most societies. Since 2007 sexual health education program has been banned in six states including Maharashtra and Karnataka. This may lead to misconceptions about sexual heath knowledge and practices among young people. Objective: The aim was to assess the knowledge about sexual health among male students of junior colleges of an urban area and to evaluate the change in their knowledge after imparting sexual health education. Settings and Design: Pre-post-intervention study. Materials and Methods: All 245 male students of 11 th standard of all three educational streams of two junior colleges were included in the study. The data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences 18. Results: Science students had "adequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared to arts and commerce students (P = 0.004. Students whose parents were unskilled and semiskilled by occupation had "inadequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared with students whose parents were skilled by occupation (P < 0.05. Education of parents had positive effect on the knowledge about sexual health of students (P = 0.062. In posttest, the knowledge about sexual health of students was found to have increased significantly when compared to pretest. The mean posttest score was 12.61 (standard deviation [SD] 3.12, which was significantly higher than the mean pretest score of 6.34 (SD 3.23 (P < 0.001. Students from nuclear families had "adequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared to students from joint families (P = 0.158 Conclusion: Imparting knowledge about sexual health in adolescent age will be beneficial to the students in avoiding risky sexual behavior. Such educational programs must be given due importance to achieve desirable behavior change among them.

  1. Endotoxin, ergosterol, muramic acid and fungal DNA in dust from schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia — Associations with rhinitis and sick building syndrome (SBS) in junior high school students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norbäck, Dan, E-mail: dan.norback@medsci.uu.se [Department of Medical Science, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Hashim, Jamal Hisham [United Nations University—International Institute for Global Health, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Department of Community Health, National University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Markowicz, Pawel [Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Lund, Lund (Sweden); Cai, Gui-Hong [Department of Medical Science, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Hashim, Zailina [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Ali, Faridah [Primary Care Unit, Johor State Health Department, Johor Bahru (Malaysia); Larsson, Lennart [Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Lund, Lund (Sweden)

    2016-03-01

    This paper studied associations between ocular symptoms, rhinitis, throat and dermal symptoms, headache and fatigue in students by ethnicity and in relation to exposure to chemical microbial markers and fungal DNA in vacuumed dust in schools in Malaysia. A total of 462 students from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated (96% response rate). Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of five types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (C10, C12, C14, C16 and C18 3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol and five sequences of fungal DNA. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 11.9% reported weekly ocular symptoms, 18.8% rhinitis, 15.6% throat and 11.1% dermal symptoms, 20.6% headache and 22.1% tiredness. Totally 21.1% reported pollen or furry pet allergy (atopy) and 22.0% parental asthma or allergy. Chinese students had less headache than Malay and Indian had less rhinitis and less tiredness than Malay. Parental asthma/allergy was a risk factor for ocular (odds ratio = 3.79) and rhinitis symptoms (OR = 3.48). Atopy was a risk factor for throat symptoms (OR = 2.66), headache (OR = 2.13) and tiredness (OR = 2.02). There were positive associations between amount of fine dust in the dust samples and ocular symptoms (p < 0.001) and rhinitis (p = 0.006). There were positive associations between C14 3-OH and rhinitis (p < 0.001) and between C18 3-OH and dermal symptoms (p = 0.007). There were negative (protective) associations between levels of total endotoxin (LPS) (p = 0.004) and levels of ergosterol (p = 0.03) and rhinitis and between C12 3-OH and throat symptoms (p = 0.004). In conclusion, the amount of fine dust in the classroom was associated with rhinitis and other SBS symptoms and improved cleaning of the schools is important. Endotoxin in the school dust seems to be mainly protective for rhinitis and throat symptoms but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. The ethnic differences in

  2. Factors influencing student nurses' career choices after preceptorship in a five-year junior nursing college in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Whei-Mei; Chuang, Shu-Hui

    2008-05-01

    This study was conducted to explore the influence factors of a preceptorship in career choices following student nurses' graduations. A total number of 326 student nurses in their fifth year of junior nursing college were selected as participants. A validated and reliable questionnaire was used in this study. Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) for windows for percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation. The results showed that: (1) the first five factors influencing student nurses' career choices were good unit environment, nurse's professional role, self-professional knowledge deficiency, nurse's professional knowledge, and patient's and family's good feedback; (2) the correlation between the chosen field of practice and willingness to work after graduation showed a strong relationship in all areas. Notably, the preceptorship had an impact on student nurses selecting a nursing career. These results can give nurse educators guidance in preparing student nurses as they enter the work force.

  3. Endotoxin, ergosterol, muramic acid and fungal DNA in dust from schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia--Associations with rhinitis and sick building syndrome (SBS) in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norbäck, Dan; Hashim, Jamal Hisham; Markowicz, Pawel; Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Larsson, Lennart

    2016-03-01

    This paper studied associations between ocular symptoms, rhinitis, throat and dermal symptoms, headache and fatigue in students by ethnicity and in relation to exposure to chemical microbial markers and fungal DNA in vacuumed dust in schools in Malaysia. A total of 462 students from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated (96% response rate). Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of five types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (C10, C12, C14, C16 and C18 3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol and five sequences of fungal DNA. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 11.9% reported weekly ocular symptoms, 18.8% rhinitis, 15.6% throat and 11.1% dermal symptoms, 20.6% headache and 22.1% tiredness. Totally 21.1% reported pollen or furry pet allergy (atopy) and 22.0% parental asthma or allergy. Chinese students had less headache than Malay and Indian had less rhinitis and less tiredness than Malay. Parental asthma/allergy was a risk factor for ocular (odds ratio=3.79) and rhinitis symptoms (OR=3.48). Atopy was a risk factor for throat symptoms (OR=2.66), headache (OR=2.13) and tiredness (OR=2.02). There were positive associations between amount of fine dust in the dust samples and ocular symptoms (p<0.001) and rhinitis (p=0.006). There were positive associations between C14 3-OH and rhinitis (p<0.001) and between C18 3-OH and dermal symptoms (p=0.007). There were negative (protective) associations between levels of total endotoxin (LPS) (p=0.004) and levels of ergosterol (p=0.03) and rhinitis and between C12 3-OH and throat symptoms (p=0.004). In conclusion, the amount of fine dust in the classroom was associated with rhinitis and other SBS symptoms and improved cleaning of the schools is important. Endotoxin in the school dust seems to be mainly protective for rhinitis and throat symptoms but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. The ethnic differences in symptoms among the students

  4. 谈初中英语教学中如何帮助学困生%How to Help Students with Learning Difficulty in Junior High School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张栩栩

    2012-01-01

    In the current English teaching, students' levels are ragged, "the polarization" is more serious, and the number of students with learning difficulty is increasing. How to help students with learning difficulty solve difficult points in English teaching and establish the confidence of learning English has become a problem each English teacher must carefully treat and study. This paper throws some light on it.%在目前的中学英语教学中,学生的水平参差不齐,“两极分化”现象较为严重,学困生的人数逐渐增多。如何在英语教学中帮助解决学困生学习的难点,树立学习英语的信心,已经成为了每个英语教师必须要认真对待和研究的问题。本文对此进行了探讨。

  5. Impact of School Factors to Junior High School Students to Develop Physical Exercise Habits and Recommendations%学校因素对初中学生养成体育锻炼习惯的影响及建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华生

    2014-01-01

    体育新课程标准提出,培养义务教育阶段学生体育锻炼的习惯是学校体育教育的一个重要环节,也是衡量初级教育成效的重要方面。因此有必要深入调查了解目前义务教育阶段学生体育锻炼的习惯以及影响初中学生体育锻炼习惯的各种因素,以便寻找体育基础教育的改革方向。%Sports proposed new curriculum standards, training compulsory education students’physical exercise habits is an important part of school physical education, is also an important aspect to measure the effectiveness of primary education. Therefore it is necessary to understand the current depth investigation of students receiving compulsory education and physi-cal activity habits of middle school students a variety of factors influence physical exercise habits in order to find the direction of reform of sports basic education.

  6. Research on existing problems and solving strategies——of English listening teaching in junior high school-taking a Nanchang high school as the example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万小妹

    2016-01-01

    In this article,we have made a deep research on existing problems and solving strategies of English listening teaching in junior high school,the goal of which is to improve the English listening teaching in the future.

  7. Basic life support knowledge, self-reported skills and fears in Danish high school students and effect of a single 45-min training session run by junior doctors; a prospective cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaberg, Anne Marie Roust; Larsen, Caroline Emilie Brenner; Rasmussen, Bodil Steen

    2014-01-01

    -up questionnaire one week later. The questionnaire consisted of an eight item multiple-choice test on BLS knowledge, a four-level evaluation of self-assessed BLS skills and evaluation of fear based on a qualitative description and visual analog scale from 0 to 10 for being first responder. RESULTS: Sixty......-three percent of the students (413/651) had participated in prior BLS training. Only 28% (179/651) knew how to correctly recognize normal breathing. The majority was afraid of exacerbating the condition or causing death by intervening as first responder. The response rate at follow-up was 61% (399....../651). There was a significant improvement in correct answers on the multiple-choice test (p first responder was decreased 6.8 ± 2.2 to 5.5 ± 2.4 (p

  8. Study on the association between emotional abuse and other psychosocial factors with depressive symptom in junior high school students%情感虐待等社会心理因素与初中生抑郁情绪关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马茂; 陈维清; 黄志威

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between emotional abuse, family structure, family support, type D personality and depressive symptom in junior high school students.Methods 3160 junior high school students were recruited with stratified sampling method in Guangzhou to conmplete a self-administered questionnaire including Depression Self-rating Scale for Children, Parent-Child Conflict Tactic Scale, Type D Scale-14, Family Structure Scale, Relative Support Scale and general information. Correlation and path analysis were performed to explore the association of emotional abuse, family structure, family support and type D personality with depressive symptom and their potential pathways. Results ( 1 ) The average level of depressive symptom was higher in girls than in boys, and age was positively related to depressive disorder (r = 0.06, P = 0.001 ).(2)Correlation analysis indicated that family support was a protective factor for depressive symptom,while emotional abuse, type D personality and family structure with single parent were risk factors for depressive symptom. (3)Data from Path analysis showed that the negative affection had the strongest impact on depressive symptom with a path coefficient of 0.37, followed by family support (-0.246),emotional abuse (0.203), social inhibition (0.075) and family structure (0.047). All the path coefficients were statistically significant. Emotional abuse indirectly impacted on depressive disorder through negative affectivity and family support (the path coefficients were 0.119 and 0.05,respectively), while family structure had the smallest indirect impact on depressive symptom.Conclusion Depressive symptom in junior high school students was affected by multiple psychosocial factors, suggesting that comprehensive measures should be taken to prevent the occurrence and development of depressive symptom.%目的 探讨情感虐待、家庭结构、亲友支持和D型人格等社会心理因素与初中

  9. Study Regarding Math Reading Barriers Resulted from Reading Behavior of Junior High School Students%初中生阅读行为引起数学阅读障碍的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺青

    2011-01-01

    Learning should first learn how to read, mathematics reading was an important way for student initiative to obtain information, acquire knowledge, develop mathematical thinking and learn mathematical language initiatively. Because of the symbolic, logic,%学会学习首先要学会阅读,数学阅读是学生主动获取信息、汲取知识、发展数学思维、学习数学语言的重要途径.由于数学语言的符号化、逻辑化及严谨性、抽象性等特点,数学阅读有不同于一般阅读的特殊性.现在的中学生,都或多或少地存在阅读困难的问题,数学阅读障碍往往导致学生学习上的困难.初中生阅读行为对数学阅读障碍的影响主要表现在数学阅读材料识别、材料理解、材料转换等方面.

  10. 初中生的自我概念与父母教养方式的关系%The Relationship between Self-concept and Parental Rearing Styles of Junior School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯立新; 王璇; 答会明

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship among self-concept, self-efficacy and parental rearing styles of junior School students.Methods:A questionnaire survey is conducted among 250 students of junior School students by cluster sampling, using Self-concept Scale, EMBU.Results:There are significant gender differences in many dimensions of parenting and self-concept of junior school students, father excessive interference of Grade 8 better than Grade 7;Positive parenting style correlates significantly and positively with self-concept of junior school students, between self concept and negative parenting style is significantly negative correlation; There are signifi-cant differences in the self-concept of junior school students with high and low group parents’ emotional warmth and understanding, father’ s punishment and severity, mother’ s preference, mother’ s refusal and denial.Conclusion:There is a close relationship between the development of self-concept of junior high school students and parenting style.%目的:探究初中生的自我概念与父母教养方式的关系。方法:采用自我概念问卷、父母教养方式量表对两所初中的204名学生进行测查。结果:初中生的自我概念、父母教养方式诸多维度的性别差异显著,初二级学生的父亲过分干涉程度显著大于初一级学生;初中生积极的父母教养方式与其自我概念显著正相关,消极的父母教养方式与其自我概念显著负相关;高、低分组父母情感温暖与理解、父亲惩罚与严厉、母亲偏爱、母亲拒绝与否认的初中生自我概念差异显著。结论:初中生自我概念的发展水平与其父母教养方式关系密切。

  11. Using positive youth development constructs to design a drug education curriculum for junior secondary students in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Ching Man; Lau, Patrick S Y; Law, Ben M F; Poon, Y H

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines the design of a new curriculum for positive youth development (P.A.T.H.S. II) in Hong Kong. The paper discusses the conceptual base for designing a drug-education curriculum for junior-secondary students using four positive youth development constructs--cognitive competence, emotional competence, beliefs in the future, and self-efficacy. The program design is premised on the belief that adolescents do have developmental assets; therefore, the curriculum is designed to develop their psychosocial competencies. The goal of the curriculum is to develop the selfhood of these youths and ultimately achieve the goal of successful adolescent development.

  12. [Longitudinal study of the lateness as a predictor of absenteeism: a three-year longitudinal study in a public junior high school in Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meifu, Yasuko; Iwata, Noboru; Mukasa, Akiko; Tsuda, Akira

    2012-10-01

    Although it is generally believed that frequent lateness might lead to absenteeism, the evidence for this has not been ascertained. We investigated the relationship between earlier lateness and subsequent absenteeism in a three-year longitudinal study in a public junior high school in Japan. The participants were 263 students (124 males, 139 females) whose school records were available for three consecutive academic years. Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that students who had been late for 30 or more days during their 1st year of junior high school were significantly more likely to show absenteeism during 2nd and 3rd year than students who had been late less than 30 days. Cox's proportional hazards regression model confirmed that frequent lateness was the only significant predictor, after controlling socio-demographics and psychosocial variables including stressors at school and stress responses. The substantial linkage of frequent lateness to absenteeism found in this study suggests the necessity of paying more attention to lateness for the prevention of absenteeism.

  13. TEACHERS’ STRATEGY IN IMPLEMENTING ENGLISH CURRICULUM IN A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raden Intansari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study is a part of a bigger study investigating teachers’ personal theories (beliefs regarding English teaching and learning. Involving forty-two English teachers of fifteen Junior High Schools in the city of Sukabumi, West Java, this cross-sectional survey study used data gained from an open-ended questionnaire. A total of 3696 raw data items were gathered and analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Relevant findings regarding the implementation of the curriculum in the daily process of English teaching and learning show that there are gaps between the mandated curriculum as stipulated by the government and the implemented curriculum at the classroom level. This departure from the mandated curriculum, in turn, diverts the course of curriculum implementation and leads to a level of accomplishment of the main goals of the English teaching and learning, which is different from what is stated in the mandated curriculum.

  14. Study on the relationship between child abuse, parent-child separation in childhood and the aggressive behavior in adolescence among 1417 junior high school students%童年期虐待和亲子分离与初中生攻击行为的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛星; 胡塔静; 刘阳; 张婉婉; 余婷婷; 汪耿夫; 袁珊珊; 方玉; 苏普玉

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨童年期母婴分离和童年期虐待经历与初中生攻击行为的关系.方法 对安徽省霍邱县3所乡镇普通初级中学1417名学生进行整群抽样调查.使用自编问卷调查研究对象攻击行为、童年期亲子分离和遭受虐待以及其他一般情况等.结果 男生躯体攻击因子分(2.52±0.78)高于女生(2.29±0.79),而女生在愤怒因子分(2.60±0.82)和敌意因子分(2.58±0.80)高于男生(2.41±0.75、2.47±0.78),差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).不同类型攻击行为因子分及总分均随年级的升高而呈上升趋势(P值均<0.001).初次与母亲分离的不同年龄段初中生,在言语攻击因子分、敌意因子分和攻击行为总因子分中的差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.05);初次与父亲分离的不同年龄段初中生,在敌意因子分和攻击行为总因子分中的差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.05);初次与父母同时分离的不同年龄段初中生,在愤怒因子分、敌意因子分和攻击行为总因子分中的差异有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).均表现为年龄越小攻击行为的各因子得分越高.童年期遭受各种类型反复虐待的初中生其各种类型攻击行为因子分和总分均高于无相同类型的反复虐待者,其中大部分组间差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).结论 童年期亲子分离时间较早以及遭受反复虐待是其青春期发生攻击行为的危险因素.%Objective To explore the relationship between aggressive behaviors,parent-child separation and experience of childhood abuse among junior high school students.Methods A total of 1417 students in ordinary junior high schools from 3 townships in Huoshan,Anhui were involved in this study.Self-made questionnaire was used to estimate aggressive behaviors,parent-child separation in childhood,child abuse and social demographic information of the students under this study.Results Related scores (2.52± 0.78) on physical

  15. Group velocity effects in broadband frequency conversion on OMEGA. 1998 summer research program for high school juniors at the University of Rochester`s Laboratory for Laser Energetics: Student research reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grossman, P. [Wilson Magnet High School, Rochester, NY (United States)

    1999-03-01

    The powerful lasers needed for ICF can only produce light in the infrared wavelengths. However, the one micron wavelength produced by the neodymium glass that powers OMEGA and other lasers used for fusion research does not efficiently compress the fuel pellet. This happens because the infrared light is not well absorbed by the target, and because of the creation of suprathermal electrons. These suprathermal electrons preheat the fuel, adding extra resistance to compression. To eliminate these problems associated with longer wavelengths of light, the process of frequency converting the laser beam was invented. This process efficiently converts the initial beam to a beam which has three times the frequency and one third the wavelength. The third-harmonic beam, in the UV range, has a better absorption rate. The PV-WAVE computer program that the author has written has shown that increasing the frequency of SSD (Smoothing by Spectral Dispersion) on OMEGA to approximately 10 GHz as planned will not hurt the third harmonic generation conversion efficiency significantly. The increased bandwidth and increased frequency of SSD will make the laser beams that strike the target on OMEGA much smoother and more uniform than ever before. Therefore it is both safe and advisable to add a second tripler crystal to the OMEGA system and decrease the SSD time cycle to around 100 picoseconds. Since the conversion efficiency remains high up to approximately 30 GHz, more experiments on OMEGA may be carried out with even higher modulation frequencies. These modifications to the existing OMEGA laser should make target irradiation more uniform, leading to more uniform compression and hopefully, a higher energy yield.

  16. Improving Classroom Management and Organization in Junior High Schools: An Experimental Investigation. R&D Report No. 6153.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    The Junior High Management Improvement Study involved two urban school districts in two southwestern cities during the 1981-82 school year. In this field experiment on classroom management, experimental group teachers (n=18) and control group teachers (n=20) in four content areas received a manual and attended two workshops at the beginning of the…

  17. Experienced Junior-High-School Teachers' PCK in Light of a Curriculum Change: "The Cell Is to Be Studied Longitudinally"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Rachel; Yarden, Anat

    2009-01-01

    In the new science and technology junior-high-school curriculum in Israel, it is recommended that the cell topic be taught "longitudinally in conjunction with other study contents". This recommendation confers a change in teaching the cell topic and provides an opportunity to form meaningful relationships between biological phenomena at…

  18. The Study of Teacher Talk in EFL Class in Junior High School from the Perspective of Discourse Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Nan

    2014-01-01

    This paper selects the real classroom teaching of English teachers in junior high school as the study object to analyze the teacher talk from the perspective of discourse analysis and point out the problems that exist, based on which the strategies for improvement are presented.

  19. Promote Improvement in the Junior High School General Music Course-- A SAFE Approach. Maxi I Report, Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gourneau, Stella M.

    This document describes one phase of efforts to reorganize music curricula in the K-12 General Music program in Duval County, Florida. Following the Systems Approach for Education (SAFE) curriculum development model, a curriculum for the junior-high General Music course was designed, based on performance objectives. A teacher test booklet was…

  20. Immunization Status Against Hepatitis B Among Iranian Junior Medical, Nursing, and Obstetrics Students With Different Vaccination Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allami

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Since the protection time by hepatitis B (HB vaccination is unclear, the strategy of immunization of junior students who previously received hepatitis vaccine is controversial. Objectives This study aimed to determine the status of immunity to hepatitis B in junior medical, nursing and obstetrics students with different hepatitis B virus (HBV vaccination patterns. Patients and Methods In an analytical cross-sectional study, 255 junior medical sciences students were tested for quantitative antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs. The proportion of protective immunity was compared in different vaccination patterns. Results Vaccination coverage rates were 74.1%. About half the participants didn’t show serological evidence of protective immunity; 68.9% had their last shot more than 10 years ago and 30.4% had a vaccination history of five years or less (P < 0.001. Geometric mean level of anti-HBs titer among students, who had received a primary series vaccine at birth, was significantly lower than students who had started vaccination at an older age (P < 0.001. Also, analysis of variance for geometric mean of anti-HBs titer showed significant differences between groups based on injection time from the last shot (P < 0.001 (post hoc comparisons resulted in a P value of < 0.001 for birth versus < 5 year group, and P < 0.001 for the 5 to 10 year group. The lowest rate of non-protective level belonged to participants with complete three doses and a booster additional shot (27.1%. The final model for independent predictors of anti-HBs positive status was made by a binary logistic regression analysis. The model included presence of a booster dose, injection time from last shot, and discipline of study. Conclusions This study shows lower anti-HBs among students who were vaccinated at infancy compared to those vaccinated at older childhood or adolescence. Also, subsequent measurement of anti-HBs level at the time of entrance to

  1. Problem-based learning at the receiving end: a 'mixed methods' study of junior medical students' perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maudsley, Gillian; Williams, Evelyn M I; Taylor, David C M

    2008-11-01

    Qualitative insights about students' personal experience of inconsistencies in implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) might help refocus expert discourse about good practice. This study explored how junior medical students conceptualize: PBL; good tutoring; and less effective sessions. Participants comprised junior medical students in Liverpool 5-year problem-based, community-orientated curriculum. Data collection and analysis were mostly cross-sectional, using inductive analysis of qualitative data from four brief questionnaires and a 'mixed' qualitative/quantitative approach to data handling. The 1999 cohort (end-Year 1) explored PBL, generated 'good tutor' themes, and identified PBL (dis)advantages (end-Year 1 then mid-Year 3). The 2001 cohort (start-Year 1) described critical incidents, and subsequently (end-Year 1) factors in less effective sessions. These factors were coded using coding-frames generated from the answers about critical incidents and 'good tutoring'. Overall, 61.2% (137), 77.9% (159), 71.0% (201), and 71.0% (198) responded to the four surveys, respectively. Responders perceived PBL as essentially process-orientated, focused on small-groupwork/dynamics and testing understanding through discussion. They described 'good tutors' as knowing when and how to intervene without dominating (51.1%). In longitudinal data (end-Year 1 to mid-Year 3), the main perceived disadvantage remained lack of 'syllabus' (and related uncertainty). For less effective sessions (end-Year 1), tutor transgressions reflected unfulfilled expectations of good tutors, mostly intervening poorly (42.6% of responders). Student transgressions reflected the critical incident themes, mostly students' own lack of work/preparation (54.8%) and other students participating poorly (33.7%) or dominating/being self-centred (31.6%). Compelling individual accounts of uncomfortable PBL experiences should inform improvements in implementation.

  2. Online Diagnostic Assessment: Potential and Limitations (The case of DIALANG in the Greek Junior High School Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vassiliki Baglantzi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the potential of DIALANG to serve placement purposes in the 1st grade of Greek state junior high school. The DIALANG system of language assessment is an application of the Common European Framework of Reference (Council of Europe, 2001, which assesses the user’s level in five skills (listening, writing, reading, vocabulary and structures and places them on one of the six (A1-C2 CEFR levels. It is a valid and reliable, online diagnostic test, which makes extensive use of self-assessment and provides several types of feedback. So far, DIALANG has been mainly used by adult learners in 14 languages in self-access, low-stakes contexts around Europe. However, the research focus in this study is whether DIALANG can replace teacher made placement tests for younger learners of English. Teacher-made tests are often criticized on the grounds of validity, reliability and content, therefore the use of a standardized alternative would facilitate placement procedures in a valid and reliable way. 20 students took DIALANG and then reported on their experience through a questionnaire. The students were also involved in self-assessing their reading, writing and listening skills using the DIALANG self-assessment statements. Their teacher also used the DIALANG scales to assess the students’ proficiency level in these three skills. The research findings showed that DIALANG can be a highly practical and useful placement tool provided that it is limited to the assessment of three skills (listening, writing and reading out of the five it can assess. Results also showed that neither the students nor the teacher are adequately familiar with the DIALANG statements and consequently the CEFR skills level descriptors, although these levels are extensively used in the description of textbooks, language courses and exams in the ELT field in Greece.

  3. 初中生的心理理论与欺侮行为的关系研究%On the Relationship between Psychological Theory and Bullying of Junior School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺婧菲

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate bullying and the development of Theory of Mind ( TOM for short ) in junior school students ,and explore the relationship between TOM development of junior school students and the bullying .Methods:Using Chinese translation of “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Test and Olweus children Bully/Victim Questionnaire to survey 295 junior school students .Results:(1) Compared with a-dults junior school students ’ TOM development lives in lower-middle level; ( 2 ) Junior school students are divided into four categories according to the bullying type of standard :bully,being bullied,dual identi-ty,as well as those not involved .Students not involved in the bullying are in the majority ,followed by be-ing bullied and bully .The dual identity shares the number of the smallest proportion ;(3) Along with jun-ior school students from low to high ,grade the level of theory of mind in general showed a rise in the trend of development and compared with first-year students’ TOM development,that of the second-year students is enhanced more significantly; ( 4 ) Significant negative correlation was found between junior school students ’ TOM level and bullying .Conclusion:Junior high school students ’ TOM level can be used to predict bullied situation .%目的:考察初中生欺侮行为及心理理论发展状况,探究初中生心理理论发展水平与欺侮行为的关系。方法:采用“眼任务”中文翻译版和Olweus儿童欺侮问卷对295位初中学生进行测查。结果:(1)初中生心理理论发展水平相对成人中等偏下;(2)在初中生欺侮行为的参与状况调查中,未卷入者占绝大多数,被欺侮者次之,再次为欺侮者,双重身份者所占比例最小;(3)初中生从低到高年级的心理理论水平总体呈上升发展的趋势,其中初二年级较初一年级心理理论水平显著增强;(4)初中生心理理论水平与其是否为欺侮者显著负相关。

  4. Prevalence of refractive errors among junior high school students in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) ... Among school children, uncorrected refractive errors have a considerable impact ... Multivariate logistic regression models showed no substantial confounding effects between near work, sex, and ...

  5. A Follow-up Study on the Characteristics and Opinions of Students Enrolled in Occupational Education Programs or in University-Parallel Programs at Tarrant County Junior College District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarrant County Junior Coll. District, Ft. Worth, TX.

    To measure the success of the recently opened Tarrant County Junior College, a follow-up study was conducted to determine personal characteristics of students, their opinions of their studies at this school, and their post-Tarrant County Junior College activities. Surveys were designed for a group of students who had taken at least one…

  6. Evaluation of AIDS prevention health education among junior high school students in Jinzhai County of Anhui Province%安徽省金寨县初中学生艾滋病健康教育活动效果评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴杰; 廖家胜; 洪涛; 计国平

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of AIDS prevention health education among junior high school students in Jinzhai County of Anhui Province. Methods Notebooks with key AIDS prevention messages were distributed among 8 th grade students in Jinzhai and students were also asked to write articles about AIDS on these notebooks. Questionnaire surveys were conducted both before and after the intervention using the same sampling method. Results There were 437 and 432 students who participated in the baseline and evaluation survey. After intervention, the awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge increased from 27. 9% to 74. 0% ( P < 0. 01). The awareness rates of the 2 questions about sex were still lower than 80% ; the awareness rates of knowledge about voluntary blood donation and AIDS treatment increased significantly , but were still lower than 80% after intervention; the awareness rates of knowledge about Methadone and voluntary counseling and testing ( VCT) service increased significantly, but were still lower than 50%. Conclusion The activity of distributing notebooks with key AIDS prevention messages and writing AIDS related articles can significantly increase the awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge. And there is a need to add some specific activities to improve the knowledge about some unusual messages, such as sex, Methadone and VCT service.%目的 评价在安徽省金寨县初中二年级学生中开展预防艾滋病健康教育活动的效果.方法 在初二学生中发放载有艾滋病防治信息的作文簿并要求以艾滋病为主题写作文.干预前后采用同样的抽样方法和调查问卷对学生进行调查.结果 分别有437和432个学生参加了基线调查及效果评估.学生的艾滋病基本知识知晓率由干预前的27.9%提高到干预后的74.0%(P<0.01).干预后,2个与性有关的知识点知晓率仍然低于80%;无偿献血和艾滋病治疗知识的知晓率均明显提高,但仍然不到80%;美沙酮和艾滋病自

  7. Importance of field scientific learning at the time of elementary and junior high school. - Introduction of geological field learning in Shimane Prefecture, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, I.

    2014-12-01

    Importance of the scientific field learning is increasing since the disaster by the Tohoku-Earthquake and Tsunami at the 11th March 2011, in Japan. Effective enforcement of the environmental education from a kindergarten to a University student is very important educational tool for protecting future earth's environment. Practice of the geological field study at the time of elementary and junior high school is very important. This study reports the present situation and the practice example of field scientific learning of Japan. Particularly, I report practice of the geological field education in a class of Shimane prefecture. I point out that "Consciousness (In)", "knowledge (About)", and "action (For)" are important three factors not only environmental education but also geological field education (e.g. Matsumoto, 2014). However, the practice rate of field geological learning at the elementary and junior high school is very low in Japan (Miyashita and Matsumoto, 2010). I introduce the effective method of increasing the practice rate of field geological study. I discuss about pedagogy which improves especially a student's scientific literacy.

  8. Thoughts about Junior High School Mathematics Laboratory Construction%初中数学实验室建设的若干思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵维坤; 马敏

    2015-01-01

    初中建立数学实验室是课程标准的要求,符合初中学生自身发展的需要;学校育人理念的转变、信息技术的发展、教师观念的转变使数学实验室建设成为可能;数学实验室的建设要体现“做”数学的环境,它是教师自我发展的载体,也是学生主动发展的场所;学生通过在实验室的活动,既提升了认知能力,又培养了发现、创造、创新的品质。%Junior high school Mathematics Laboratory Construction (MLC) is required by curriculum standards, which also meets the needs of their own development of junior high school students. Transformation of educating conception, development of information technology and changes of teaching idea make MLC possible. MLC should reflect the objective of building a sound environment for mathematics teaching and learning an environment which provides not only the carrier of teachers’ self-development, but also platform for students’ self-improvement. Students can not only enhance the cognitive abilities but also the capacities of discovery, creativity and innovation by making use of laboratory.

  9. Contraceptive behavior as risk factor for reproductive health of junior students attending a medical university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.N. Govyazina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available 1–3 year students attending medical and preventive faculty of a medical university were our research object. Our research had many stages, and at the first one our goal was to examine and to assess basic behavioral risks for reproductive health of students attending medical and preventive faculty of a medical university. We conducted a sociological examination via questioning. 428 students were questioned as per materials collecting program which included 74 parameters; they accounted for 91.6 % out of the overall official number of students, 45.0 % male students and 40.0 % female students combined work and studies. We detected that, as per questioning results, the specific weight of students who took care of their health amounted to 79.2 % boys and 95.2 % girls. However, the students tended to have bad habits, i.e. constant alcohol intake or smoking. And although information on diseases prevention and on how to pursue healthy lifestyle was perfectly available to them, students didn't try to use it and preserve their health. All the respondents said they were against abortion. Girls were likely to adopt a complex approach when choosing a contraceptive, they resorted to hormonal agents, and, with their partners' consent, to condoms. But they often took hormonal agents without any consultations with a gynecologist or an endocrinologist. Contraceptives were rather rarely applied, and students appeared to have no knowledge on risk factors causing reproductive health deterioration. They also tended to be negligent and too self-confident when it came to reproductive health protection. A risk of abortions was very high for girls who didn't use contraceptives, and also all students ran rather high risk of catching sexual diseases. Sexual education is needed to correct contraceptive behavior; medical workers are a main source of information on reproductive health of young people in 7–10 % cases only. We need to create interactive educational programs

  10. 农村初中生作文现状分析及对策%Current Situation Analysis and Countermeasures of Rural Junior High School Essay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李笔锋

    2014-01-01

    How to teach writing courses have become troubled by the majority of junior high school language teacher cur-rently a major problem, and this situation is even more prominent in rural junior high school. New Curriculum requirements:Students should be close to the actual teaching of writing, so that students easy to write, ask students to tell the truth, the truth, the truth, do not tell lies, empty words, and clichés. How can we do it? For many problems in terms of students' writing, com-bined with years of teaching experience, I believe that rural junior high school teaching writing must recognize the new situ-ation and start to mobilize the enthusiasm of the students' writing from the culture interest in writing, focusing on student life and practice reading accumulation, the use of flexible composition assessment methods in order to effectively improve the level of writing.%如何上好写作课已成为当前困扰广大初中语文老师的一大难题,而这种情况在农村初中更是突出。新课标要求:写作教学要贴近学生实际,让学生易于动笔,要求学生说真话、实话、心里话,不说假话、空话、套话。如何才能做到呢?针对学生写作方面存在的诸多问题,结合多年来的教学实践,笔者认为,农村初中作文教学必须认清新形势,从培养写作兴趣入手来调动学生的写作积极性,注重学生的生活实践和阅读积累,运用灵活多样的作文评改方式,才能切实提高作文水平。

  11. Developing Student-Centered Learning Model to Improve High Order Mathematical Thinking Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saragih, Sahat; Napitupulu, Elvis

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to develop student-centered learning model aiming to improve high order mathematical thinking ability of junior high school students of based on curriculum 2013 in North Sumatera, Indonesia. The special purpose of this research was to analyze and to formulate the purpose of mathematics lesson in high order…

  12. A Probe into Junior High School English Homework%初中英语课外作业的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟柯影

    2012-01-01

    Traditional homework concept can't adapt to the requirements of new eurriculum. Hence, teachers must stress the effectiveness, easiness and autonomy of homework contents, and implement multi-level homework, strengthen strategy guidance and advocate students participating into homework design and improve homework correction methods, thus to improve the effectiveness of junior high school English homework.%传统的作业观已经不能适应新课程实施的要求。因此,教师必须重视作业内容的有效性,作业内容的难易性,作业内容的自主性,并实施分层作业,加强策略指导,提倡学生参与作业设计和改进作业批改方式,以此作为提高初中荚语作业有效性的重要途径。

  13. 國中身心障礙學生家庭社經地位、社會資本、文化資本、財務資本與學習成果之關係研究 Relationships Among Family Socioeconomic Status, Social Capital, Cultural Capital, Financial Capital, and the Learning Outcomes of Junior High School Students With Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃瓊儀 Chiung-Yi Huang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available 本研究主要目的在探討七年級身心障礙學生家庭社經地位、社會資本、文化資本與財務資本對學習成果之影響。本研究使用特殊教育長期追蹤資料庫(Special Needs Education Longitudinal, SNELS)所蒐集的967 位身心障礙學生資料,透過結構方程模式來檢定家庭社經地位對社會資本、文化資本、財務資本與學習成果的直接效果,以及探討家庭社經地位透過社會資本、文化資本與財務資本而影響學習成果之中介效果。研究結果顯示:家庭社經地位對多面向學習成果皆為負向影響,而家庭社經地位對社會資本、文化資本、財務資本皆有正向顯著影響,且透過社會資本、文化資本及財務資本對多面向學習成果有正向顯著的間接效果。針對前述研究結果,提出相關討論與建議。 The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among family socioeconomic status (SES, family resources, and students’ learning outcomes. A sample of 967 junior high school students with disabilities was drawn from the surveys of Special Needs Education Longitudinal Study. Based on previous empirical research and theory, the present study developed and verified a causal model of family SES as an exogenous variable and learning outcomes as an endogenous variable by using structural equation modeling. We also evaluated the roles of social capital, cultural capital, and financial capital as mediating variables. The findings showed that SES negatively affected learning outcomes but positively affected social capital, cultural capital, and financial capital. Social capital, cultural capital, and financial capital had significant mediating effects on the relationship between family SES and learning outcomes. This study proposes relevant suggestions based on the findings.

  14. A survey of how and why medical students and junior doctors choose a career in ENT surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhutta, M; Mandavia, R; Syed, I; Qureshi, A; Hettige, R; Wong, B Y W; Saeed, S; Cartledge, J

    2016-11-01

    To ascertain determinants of an interest in a career in ENT surgery through a survey of medical students and junior doctors. A survey was administered, comprising Likert scales, forced response and single option questions, and free text responses, at five different courses or events for those interested in a career in ENT. The survey had an 87 per cent response rate; respondents consisted of 43 applicants for national selection, 15 foundation doctors and 23 medical students. The most important factors that encourage ENT as a career included: the variety of operative procedures, work-life balance, inherent interest in this clinical area and inspirational senior role models. Exposure to ENT in undergraduate or post-graduate training is critical in deciding to pursue this specialty. It is important to promote those aspects of ENT surgery that attract people to it, and to argue for greater exposure to ENT during undergraduate and post-graduate training.

  15. On Junior High School Students' Thinking Skills Training Countermeasures%初中生思维能力培养对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田野

    2012-01-01

    Junior high school stage to increase the cultivation of students' thinking abilities and self-learning ability, thinking ability of students can be increased, whether the ability to innovate, ability to adapt to the needs of the times lifelong learning has a vital role; culturethinking ability of the junior high school students both need to give full play to the leading role of tea- chers and guidance to students; need to fully play the principal role of students to enable students to improve thinking ability in practice to master the use of a way of thinking. In teaching practice, but also need to pay attention to the multiple ways and means to improve the level of the students' thinking ability.%初中阶段要加强对学生思维能力的培养。思维能力的培养对学生能否提升自主学习能力,能否具备创新能力。能否适应时代的需要养成终身学习的能力具有极其重要的作用;培养初中生的思维能力既需要充分发挥教师的主导作用,加强对学生的引导;也需要充分发挥学生的主体作用,让学生在实践中提升思维能力,掌握运用思维方法。在教学实践中,还需要注意采用多重途径和方法来提升学生的思维能力的水平。

  16. 透過現職教師建構國中健康與體育學習領域之自尊教學指標 Promoting Self-Esteem in Junior High School Students by Building Teaching Indicators: A Survey of Health and Physical Education Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    賴香如 Hsiang-Ru Lai

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available 國中是自尊發展的重要階段,學校可建構合宜教學指標以利提升學生的自尊。本研究採德懷術(Delphi technique)進行健康與體育領域的自尊教學指標建構。由一項全臺抽樣調查的620 名對象中,徵詢到128 名願意參與後續研究者,再以信件和電話邀請,最後有38 名現職教師參加和完成三回合問卷填寫。主要研究結果如下:一、自尊教學指標包括學生、教師和學校三層面一百零六項。二、學生層面教學指標有四十二項,依安全感、自我感、歸屬感、使命感和能力感等自尊五要素來建構。三、教師層面教學指標包括課室經營四十四項、教學方法十一項和教學評量三項;其中課室經營也依自尊五要素建構。四、學校層面六項教學指標乃針對學校行政措施來發展。本研究建議國中教師可參照教學指標來設計自尊教材與活動。 The middle school years are an important stage in the development of students’ self-esteem. Schools can help students to develop their self-esteem by setting appropriate teaching indicators. This study aims to construct teaching indicators for self-esteem in the disciplines of Health Education and Physical Education. The Delphi technique was used. A total of 620 teachers were randomly selected from a national survey, and 128 agreed to participate. However, only 38 teachers agreed to serve as the expert panel after fully understanding the procedures associated with the Delphi technique. After completing the three-round questionnaire, the major results of this study were as follows. 1. A total of 106 teaching indicators for self-esteem, including student, teacher, and institution in the Health and Physical Education curriculum in junior high school were constructed. 2. Based on the five components of self-esteem, 42 teaching indicators were constructed for the student dimension. 3. The teacher dimension included

  17. Control Study of Behavior Problems and Self-concept Characteristics of Anxiety Disorders of Students in Primary School and Junior High School of Hunan Province%湖南省中小学生焦虑障碍的行为问题与自我意识特征的对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡卫群; 罗学荣; 管冰清; 袁秀洪; 叶海森; 宁志军; 杨伟; 韦臻; 丁军

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the behavior problems and self-concept characteristics of anxiety disorders of children and adolescences in Hunan province. [Methods]Totally 242 students aged 6 — 17 years old in primary school and junior high school of Hunan province from Sept. 2005 to Dec. 2005 were investigated. Students accordance with the diagnostic standard of the diagnostic and statistical manual of American mental disorder- Ⅳ (DSM-Ⅳ) and students in normal control group completed the children's self-concept scale (CSCL) by themselves. Achenbach children behavior checklist (CBCL) was completed by parents. [Results]Scores of CBCL were compared. Social ability scores such as social scores and school scores in case group were lower than those in control group, and there was significant difference( P <0. 05). The scores of behavior problems such as recession, body chief complaint, anxiety, depression, social activity, thought, attention, disciplinary violation, aggressive behavior, sex, introversion and extraversion in case group were higher than those in control group, and there were significant differences ( P <0. 01, P <0. 05). Control study of scores of CSCS showed that the scores of case group were lower than those in control group, and there was significant difference( P <0. 01). [Conclusion]Anxiety disorder has adverse effect on the learning, behavior and self consciousness of children, so it should be intervened actively.%[目的]了解湖南省儿童青少年焦虑障碍的行为问题与自我意识特征.[方法]2005年9月至2005年12调查湖南省小学1年级至初三的242名中小学生,年龄为6~17岁.凡符合美国精神疾病诊断与统计手册第四版(DSM-Ⅳ)诊断标准的学生和正常对照组学生由学生本人填写儿童自我意识量袁(Children's self-concept Scale,CSCS),由父母填写Achenbach儿童行为量表(Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist,CBCL).[结果]对CBCL各分量表及总分进行比较,在社会能力方面

  18. Clinical competencies and index system of junior college nursing students%护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力指标体系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To identify the clinical competencies of junior college nursing students, so as to provide bases for training goals and evaluating junior college nursing students. Methods Delphi method was used in this study, and the clinical competencies were identified through two rounds of expert consultation. Results The clinical competencies that junior college nursing students should have included three first - level indicators and 29 secondary - level indicators. The first - level indicators were clinical nursing abilities, nursing management and scientific abilities, nursing occupation quality. Conclusion The coefficients of experts'enthusiasm, the extent of authority, the concentration and harmonization of experts'opinions are relatively high, so the evaluation criteria system is reliable and can provide guidance for junior college nursing students training.%目的 探讨护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力,为护理大专生培养目标的制定、临床能力的评价提供依据.方法 应用德尔菲法就护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力进行2轮函询.结果 护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力包括临床护理能力、护理管理与科研能力、护理职业素质3个一级指标及29个二级指标.结论 专家积极性、权威程度及专家意见的集中程度和对指标评价结果的一致程度均较高,显示研究结果可信程度较高,可以为护理大专毕业生的培养提供指导.

  19. The present situation of the junior middle school students English course load, and countermeasures study "ease the burden"%初中生英语课业负担的现状及“减负”对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高俊霞; 李建华

    2015-01-01

    课业负担是我国中小学特有的现象,一直以来受到了社会各界的关注。为了解承德市初中生英语课业负担的现状,课题组首先对初中生英语课业负担进行了调查,在此基础上提出了初中英语教师相应的给学生“减负”的对策。%The schoolwork burden is a peculiar phenomenon of primary and secondary schools in our country, has been attracting the attention of the society from all walks of life. To understand the status quo of Chengde city junior high school students English course load, the team first surveyed the junior middle school students English schoolwork burden, on the basis of this puts forward the corresponding to the student junior middle school English teachers "burden" of countermeasures.

  20. INTEGRATIVE MOTIVATION OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN LEARNING ENGLISH IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ogik Adhiarto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research article deals with motivation of children aged 11-12 years old, as they begin formal study of English in an urban junior high school. The research used closed and open questionnaire items, backed up by class observations and interviews with a selected group of learners. The results indicates that very high levels of motivation to learn the language were found throughout the cohort, including both integrative and instrumental orientations, but these two traditionally distinct constructs were found to be almost indistinguishable. It is argued that as English loses its association with par- ticular Anglophone cultures and is instead identified with the powerful forces of globalization, the desire to ‘integrate’ loses its explanatory power in many EFL contexts. Individuals may aspire towards a ‘bicultural’ identity which incorporates an English- speaking globally-involved version of themselves in addition to their local L1-speaking self. It is speculated that changes in individuals’ motivation to learn the language may therefore be partly explained by reference to ongoing processes of identification, especially during the formative years of adolescence.

  1. 初中生甲型H1N1流感疫苗接种效果分析及抗体水平监测%Evaluation on the protective effect of influenza A (H1N1) vaccine among junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何奔; 向泽林; 曹家穗; 高雯洁; 陈中文; 周建红; 姚凤燕

    2012-01-01

    Objective To assess the protective effect of H1N1 vaccine in junior high school students. Methods A total of 9. 123 qualified students were enrolled into our study, among them only 3, 726 teenagers were given H1N1 flu shots under their permission, others served as controls. They were followed up for 6 months. Results The incidence of H1N1 influenza among unvaccinated students (2. 22/1 000 persons per year) was much higher than that in vaccinated students (0/1 000) (P=0. 0121). There were no differences in terms of incidence rates of other influenza like diseases as influenza B and influenza virus RNA positive. Among all subjects, students who lived on campus were more susceptible to flu-like diseases compared to those day students. In immunized students, seasonal flu shot could decrease the incidence of flu-like diseases, while in unimmunized students, those who used to have flu-like symptoms were less likely to get H1N1 or influenza B infection. Our study also revealed that the GMT of antibody against H1N1 increased with its positive rate (P<0. 05). Conclusions The vaccination of H1N1 among middle school students could effectively prevent them from H1N1 infection and this effect is specific.%目的 了解初中生接种甲型H1N1流感疫苗的流行病学效果及抗体水平.方法 采用非随机对照临床试验方法,选择9 123名初中生,分甲型H1N1流感疫苗接种组(3 726人)和对照组(5 397人),随访观察一个流行周期(6个月),比较两组流感样病例、甲型H1N1流感病例、季节性流感病例的发生率及接种前后阳性率和阳转率.结果 接种组与对照组除甲型H1N1流感发病密度(接种组:0/1 000人年,对照组:2.22/1 000人年)差异有统计学意义外(P=0.0121),其他流感相关疾病(流感样病例、乙型流感、流感病毒核酸阳性)发病密度差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);不管是接种组还是对照组,不同住宿情况(住校和走读)流感样病例发生差异均有统计学意

  2. Suicide ideation and its influential factors among primary and junior high school students in rural areas of Anhui province%安徽省某农村地区中小学生自杀意念及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健; 陈明春; 孙业桓; 赵雪; 孙良; 蒋玉红; 吕晓玲; 吴振强

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the suicide intention and its influential factors among primary and junior high school students in rural areas of Anhui province,in order to provide evidence for early intervention related to mental health problems.Methods All students from 3 junior high and 5 primary schools in Changfeng county of Anhui were recruited as the study subjects using the cluster sampling method.Data were collected by using Children' s Depression Inventory,the Family APGAR Index,the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire,the Children' s Self-Esteem Scale,Social Anxiety Scale for Children,and the Quality of Life Scale.Chi-square test and Logistic regression were used to analyze the suicidal ideation and its influential factors respectively.Results 8.64% (252/2917) of the studied children had suicidal ideation.Out of them,9.80% (166/1694) and 7.03% (86/1223) were left-behind or non-left-behind children.There was statistically significant difference on suicide ideation between the left-behind children and non-left-behind children (P=0.015).Data from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that social anxiety and negative coping style were the risk factors for suicidal ideation (P <0.05) while better family function and quality of life were the protective factors of suicidal ideation (P<0.05).Conclusion Suicide ideation was relatively prevalent among rural children in Anhui province.Family,school and society should carry out different kinds of preventive measures to prevent suicide related behaviors in children from this area.%目的 了解农村中小学生自杀意念及其影响因素,为心理健康的早期干预提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样方法抽取安徽省长丰县3所初中、5所小学所有在籍学生作为研究对象.运用中小学生身心健康状况与相关生活经历调查问卷(包括自杀意念评定表、儿童抑郁量表、家庭功能量表、特质性应对问卷、儿童自尊量表、儿童社交焦虑

  3. What basic clinical procedures should be mastered by junior clerkship students? Experience at a single medical school in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konje ET

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Eveline T Konje,1,2 Rodrick Kabangila,2,3 Mange Manyama,2,4 Jacqueline M van Wyk2,5 1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania; 2Medical Education Fellowship, Southern Africa FAIMER Regional Institute – SAFRI, Cape Town, South Africa; 3Department of Internal Medicine, 4Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania; 5Department of Clinical and Professional Education, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa Background: Clinical training in most medical schools, including the Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences (CUHAS, is offered in the form of junior and senior rotations. During these clinical rotations, students are expected to acquire and master the basic procedural skills. However, students’ learning process should be evaluated for quality improvement. Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the basic medical procedural skills that third-year medical students should acquire and master and determine the level of students’ exposure on these procedures at the end of junior rotation in internal medicine. Identification of the gap between clinicians’ opinions, skills practiced by students, and third-year students’ curriculum in the medical department at CUHAS was also done. Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was used to collect data through a self-administered, structured questionnaire from clinicians in medicine. A review of logbooks was considered to determine level of students’ exposure, and a document analysis was done using existing medical curriculum. Results: The response of 71% (n=22 was obtained. Clinicians agreed on basic procedures that students should perform independently (ie, Foley catheter insertion, venipuncture, and intravenous drip insertion. Clinicians thought

  4. Junior High School Mathematics Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Standard%新课标下初中数学教学浅谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琼

    2011-01-01

    新课程强调以学生发展为本,如何更好地提高初中数学教学效果呢?一要形成良好的师生关系;二要改变学生的学习状态,推行研究性学习;三要加强教师的学习,提高自身的综合素质。%New curriculum emphasizes students-orientation and how to improve junior high school mathematics teaching effect? One is developing good relationship between teachers and students; two is changing students' learning state and implementing inquiry learning; three is strengthening teachers' learning and improving their quality.

  5. Personal View on Elaborate Effective Teaching in Junior High School English%初中英语精细化有效教学之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Junior high school English effective teaching must affect students with sentiment concern by designing vivid classroom situations, promote oral communicative activities between teachers and students and arouse students' initiative of English learning, thu%初中英语有效教学必须通过设计生动活泼的课堂情境,以情感关爱感染学生,促成师生和生生间的口语交际活动,调动学生主动学习英语的积极性,实现课堂教学中的有效化和精细化。

  6. The Development of Cooperative Learning Model Based on Local Wisdom of Bali for Physical Education, Sport and Health Subject in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoda, I. K.

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop a cooperative learning model based on local wisdom (PKBKL) of Bali (Tri Pramana’s concept), for physical education, sport, and health learning in VII grade of Junior High School in Singaraja-Buleleng Bali. This research is the development research of the development design chosen refers to the development proposed by Dick and Carey. The development of model and learning devices was conducted through four stages, namely: (1) identification and needs analysis stage (2) the development of design and draft of PKBKL and RPP models, (3) testing stage (expert review, try out, and implementation). Small group try out was conducted on VII-3 grade of Undiksha Laboratory Junior High School in the academic year 2013/2014, large group try out was conducted on VIIb of Santo Paulus Junior High School Singaraja in the academic year 2014/2015, and the implementation of the model was conducted on three (3) schools namely SMPN 2 Singaraja, SMPN 3 Singaraja, and Undiksha laboratory Junior High School in the academic year 2014/2015. Data were collected using documentation, testing, non-testing, questionnaire, and observation. The data were analyzed descriptively. The findings of this research indicate that: (1) PKBKL model has met the criteria of the operation of a learning model namely: syntax, social system, principles of reaction, support system, as well as instructional and nurturing effects, (2) PKBKL model is a valid, practical, and effective model, (3) the practicality of the learning devices (RPP), is at the high category. Based on the research results, there are two things recommended: (1) in order that learning stages (syntax) of PKBKL model can be performed well, then teachers need to have an understanding of the cooperative learning model of Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) type and the concepts of scientifically approach well, (2) PKBKL model can be performed well on physical education, sport and health learning, if the

  7. On the Opportunities of Flip Classroom to Junior High School Geography Teaching%论翻转课堂给初中地理教学带来的机遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭峰

    2015-01-01

    翻转课堂是一种以学生为中心的教学模式,同样可以适用于我国初中地理的教学。如果初中地理课堂能够积极推行翻转课堂,学校就可以获取更多的优质教学资源、构建新型的师生关系、实现学生个性化学习。%Flipped classroom is a student-centered teaching mode, the same can be applied to our junior high school geogra-phy teaching. If the junior high school geography classroom to actively pursue flipped classroom, schools can get more qual-ity teaching resources, build a new relationship between teachers, students achieve personalized learning.

  8. Effect of Instruction in Emotional Intelligence Skills on Locus of Control and Academic Self-Efficacy among Junior Secondary School Students in Niger State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umaru, Yunusa; Umma, Abdulwahid

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of instruction in emotional intelligence Skills on locus of control and academic self-efficacy among junior secondary school students in Niger state, Nigeria. This study employed a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group, pre-test - post-test design. The population of this study was 105,034 secondary…

  9. IMPLEMENTATION OF FREE EDUCATION IN RELATION TO SCHOOL MANAGEMENT AT PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 5 DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Made Gede Putra Wijaya

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study was intended to understand and deconstruct the ideology and reality hidden in the implementation of free education especially at Public Junior High School (SMPN 5 Denpasar. The ideology appeared from the capitalistic world where a decision was made by the government to make education free of charge. Further, such a decision was issued when the general elections for the legislators and president were about to be held in 2009. It was this which inspired the writer to deconstruct the ideology and reality hidden in the decision made by the government to make education free of charge. The approach of cultural studies was employed in the present study. The informants were chosen using snow-ball technique, meaning that the longer the informants were determined, the more were involved. The data were collected using three techniques; they were observation, in-depth interview, and documentary study. Then the data collected were descriptively and qualitatively analyzed. The result of the study showed that there was an ideology hidden in the policy made to make education free, that is, an attempt to attract people in such a way that they, through the elections for legislators and president held in 2009, would support those who were in the political superstructure. Consequently, their state of being established could be maintained. In addition, such a policy was made as part of the politics of image as an attempt to maintain the status quo.

  10. 通过团体心理咨询提高初中生自我概念水平的研究%Group Counseling for Enhancing Junior Middle School Students' Self-concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春燕; 詹仁碧; 乔梁

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of group counseling for improving self-concept pf junior middle school students. Methods: Group counseling was conducted on 10 selected junior middle school students. All members were assessed by PHCSS, SES and SCCS before and after intervention. Results: Group counseling was found to increase the students' total scores on PHCSS, SES and SCCS, showing significant improvement on their self-esteem, self-consistency and congruence. Conclusion: Group counseling can improve self-concept of junior middle school students.

  11. ATLAS virtual visits to the juniors and seniors students (16-18 years old) of schools of Lala village, Greece.

    CERN Multimedia

    claudia marcelloni

    2012-01-01

    The juniors and seniors students (16-18 years old) of both schools will get together in the school of Lala village at 4th April 2012, to listen to lectures about ATLAS, to do a mini masterclass with the HYPATIA tool, to get a preview of the CERN mini exhibition which will be set up to the town of Patras (about 100km) after a month, and finally to do a virtual visit to ATLAS. The two villages are about 20 kms apart and belong to the wider area of ancient Olympia. This area, but even a much wider area of the Peloponnese was badly damaged by the fires of August 2007, where 67 people died and enormous parts of land, olive trees, forests, houses etc were burnt. The inhabitants and especially the young people are still trying to recover and any event which connects them to the outside world and makes them forget their problems is vital.

  12. Changes in Descriptions on Prevention of Lifestyle-related Diseases in New Curriculum Guidelines for Elementary and Junior High Schools

    OpenAIRE

    本田, 藍; 中村, 修; 片渕, 結子

    2010-01-01

    We did this research to verify descriptions of lifestyle-related diseases by comparing the new curriculum guidelines with the current curriculum guidelines. We compared the contents of descriptions between the current curriculum guidelines and the new curriculum guidelines for elementary and junior high schools by extracting passages related to “lifestyle-related diseases” in “2. Goals and contents for respective grades” and “3. Preparation of an instruction plan and handling of content” from...

  13. 家庭环境对中学生阅读能力的影响:阅读投入、阅读兴趣的中介作用%Effect of family environment on reading ability:The mediating effects of reading engagement and reading interest among junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温红博; 梁凯丽; 刘先伟

    2016-01-01

    Several studies found that family factors were important to students’ reading ability. However, there are few studies discussing the internal mechanism. As students’ individual characteristic, reading interest is one of the mediating factors between family environment and reading ability. Nowadays, investigators have paid more attention to the reading engagement, and some studies show that it is reasonable to believe the mediating effect of reading engagement. Therefore, it’s important to discuss the mediating effect of reading interest and reading engagement on reading ability. The first study we explored was whether reading interest and reading engagement were the single-step multiple mediating variables between family environment and reading ability. The hypothese1: reading interest and reading engagement were single-step multiple mediators between family environment and reading ability. Furthermore, studies show that reading interest had significant influence on reading engagement. The second study was whether reading interest and reading engagement were the multiple-step multiple mediating variables between family environment and reading ability. The hypothese2: the relationship between family environment and reading ability via the influence of reading interest on reading engagement. However, some researchers suggest that there is the interaction between reading interest and reading engagement so the third study was whether the interaction between reading interest and reading engagement could be the mediating effect between family environment and reading ability. The hypothese3: The relationship between family environment and reading ability was in nature through the interaction between reading interest and reading engagement. Participants were 574 8th students from two medium counties. In each county, there were 3 common junior high schools selected which were categorized as better, general, poor on the basis of school conditions respectively. And two

  14. Reducing Absences and Tardiness in a Junior Secondary Special Education Classroom: The SCOPE Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, N. E.; McLaughlin, T. F.

    1981-01-01

    The effect of a reinforcement program on the rate of attendance and tardiness was examined in an ABAC design across four male special education junior high students enrolled in a class for behavior and attendance problems. (Author)

  15. Problems of Clinical Education According to Junior and Senior Nursing Students\\' Viewpoint at Qom Nursing and Midwifery School in 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Abbasi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives : Clinical education is a dynamic process which plays an important role in training professional nurses. The role of ideal clinical education is undeniable in personal and professional development and clinical expertise of nurses. Nevertheless, students encounter some problems in clinical education. Undoubtedly, awareness of these problems is the first step in reducing them. One of the best and almost reliable sources of assessing such problems are the students themselves. The present study was caried out to assess the clinical education problems from the viewpoints of nursing students studying at their third or fourth year of education at Qom School of Nursing and Midwifery in 2008. Method : The study was a descriptive one in which 53 junior and senior students of nursing participated to answer some clinical education problems of nursing through a self-made questionnaire consisting of 5 domains and 31 questions. Results : The most important problems of clinical education from students' viewpoints included: sufficient clinical practice history among trainers (34%, giving information to the students about their evaluation method before clinical training (26.4%, and reinforcing students' self-confidence at clinical environment (24.5%. Low-importance items were: coordination between educational objectives and Personnel Expectations (50.9%, Welfare Facilities (47.2%, use of educational aids at clinical setting, and enough motivation for Employment at nursing (45.3%. Conclusion : On the basis of the findings of the study, it seems possible to decrease some of the most important problems of nursing students through determining goals and coordinating between educational goals and staff's expectations and preparing welfare and educational equipment for clinical wards.

  16. Posttraumatic symptoms in elementary and junior high school children after the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami: symptom severity and recovery vary by age and sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwadare, Yoshitaka; Usami, Masahide; Suzuki, Yuriko; Ushijima, Hirokage; Tanaka, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Kyota; Kodaira, Masaki; Saito, Kazuhiko

    2014-04-01

    To measure psychiatric symptoms exhibited by children in Ishinomaki City, Japan, an area severely damaged by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, at 8 and 20 months post-tsunami to investigate differences in symptom severity and recovery rate by age, sex, and degree of trauma experienced. Prospective data were collected from children in elementary school (5th and 6th grades) and junior high school (8th and 9th grades). Students completed the Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children-15 (PTSSC-15) survey. Trauma severity was scored according to experiences of bereavement, home damage, and evacuation. In total, 3795 PTSSC-15 surveys were analyzed, yielding total scores, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) factor subscores, and depression factor subscores, which were analyzed according to grade group, sex, and degree of trauma (trauma dose). In the elementary school children, mean total PTSSC-15 score, PTSD factor score, and depression factor score were significantly improved at 20 months post-tsunami compared with 8 months (P children. In females of the older group, the depression factor score at 20 months post-tsunami was significantly higher than at 8 months (P children living near the epicenter of the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami exhibited marked differences in PTSD and depressive symptoms. The mental health status of elementary school children improved, whereas that of junior high school children did not. Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. How Junior High School English Teachers in Bengkulu City Utilise Published Textbooks in the Classroom: A Classroom Observation Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safnil Safnil

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to find out: (1 how the junior high school English teachers in Bengkulu city exploited the commercially published textbooks for classroom use; (2 if there was a difference in the way the experienced and the inexperienced English language teachers exploited the commercially published textbooks in the classroom; and (3 whether the teachers adapted textbooks or produced their own materials for classroom use. Twelve English teachers (6 experienced and 6 inexperienced teachers from four different junior high schools or SMPs (2 favourite and 2 non-favourite in Bengkulu city were the participants in this study. Data were obtained through a questionnaire, classroom observations, and sample lesson plans. The results of the study revealed that: first, the junior high school English language teachers (ET and IT; (1 used the commercially prescribed textbooks to a large extent; (2 there was not much difference between the way experienced teachers and inexperienced teachers exploited the textbooks; (3 both groups of teachers adapted the textbooks or produced their own teaching materials.

  18. Food and Nutrition Curriculum Guide for Florida. Elementary Level, Middle/Junior High Level, Senior High Level, Post-Secondary Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crabtree, Myrna P.; Baum, Rosemere

    This curriculum guide contains competency-based curricula suggested for teaching foods and nutrition courses on the elementary, middle/junior high school, senior high school, and postsecondary levels in Florida. For each level, concepts and subconcepts are presented, referenced to competencies or terminal performance objectives. For each…

  19. 完善初中教学管理的有效策略分析%Effective Strategies to Improve the Junior High School Teaching Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金刚

    2012-01-01

    Teaching is an effective way of junior secondary school in training personnel,has an important impact on science teaching program to improve the quality of junior high school classroom teaching,cultivate students' interest and personal interests.This paper analyzed the middle school teaching management,to propose effective strategies,and specific improvement of the deep-seated the improvement of the quality of teaching,to assist teachers in teaching,as well as teachers' management.%教学是初中院校培养人才的有效方式,科学的教学方案对提高初中课堂教学质量、培养学生的学习兴趣和个人爱好具有重要影响。本文将从初中教学的管理方向进行分析,提出有效策略,对教学质量深层次的提高进行具体的完善,为辅助教师教学,以及教师管理做出服务。

  20. The Flow of High School Students to Schools, Colleges, and Jobs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baird, Leonard L.; Holland, John L.

    A sample of students was followed from high school senior status to their educational or vocational situation one year later. The data were taken mainly from 5,508 completed questionnaires. Most of the students were attending 4-year or junior colleges, while the rest were in trade, business, or nursing schools, were working full-time, or were in…