WorldWideScience

Sample records for junior high social

  1. Social Skills and the Junior High School Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Helle; LaBahn, Joyce; Regan, Kathleen

    This paper describes a program initiated by teacher-researchers to increase the use and knowledge of appropriate social skills with junior high school students while working in academic cooperative groups. The target groups comprised sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students in a predominantly middle class community in the Midwest. The students'…

  2. "How Long Was Your Poem?" Social Comparison among Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tholander, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The present article focuses on in situ social comparison among junior high school students. Rather than studying social comparison as an individual phenomenon in experimental situations, which has been common in previous research, the study analyzes social comparison as a real-life social practice. The results show that the practice of social…

  3. A cross-cultural study of stress responses and social support between Chinese and Japanese junior high school students.

    OpenAIRE

    鉄, 拳

    2013-01-01

    This comparative research’s objective is to demonstrate the relation between stress responses and social support in Japanese and Chinese junior high school students. The subjects were 602 Japanese students and 611 Chinese students. As a result, by comparison of the stress reaction, Japan was intentionally high and it was shown by comparison of social support that Chinese one is intentionally high. Lower than the score became a junior high school students of Japanese junior high school student...

  4. Current Situation of Job Burnout of Junior High School Teachers in Shangqiu Urban Areas and Its Relationship with Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhongying

    2008-01-01

    This study surveyed the current situation of teacher burnout in a sample of 400 teachers from urban junior high school in Shangqiu of Henan Province with scales, and examined the relationship between dimensions of teacher burnout and sources and types of social support they received. The results show that Shangqiu urban junior high school…

  5. Social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships in junior high school classrooms predicts bullying and victimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Stasio, Maria Rosaria; Savage, Robert; Burgos, Giovani

    2016-12-01

    This cross-sectional research examines how social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships as classroom characteristics are associated with bullying and victimization among junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 in Canada. The study tests a conceptual model of youth outcomes that highlights the importance of modeling the effects of teaching practices as proximal structural conditions at the classroom level (N = 38) that affect bullying outcomes at the individual level (N = 687). Results of Hierarchal linear modeling (HLM) revealed significant classroom-level effects in that increased social comparison, competition and teacher-student relationships were related to bullying and victimization. An interaction for teacher-student relationships and gender also emerged. These findings may guide future intervention programs for junior high schools that focus on enhancing cooperation and pro-social behavior in classrooms. The findings could also inform programs that focus on building strong relationships between students and teachers to help prevent bullying and victimization, particularly among boys. Copyright © 2016 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. All rights reserved.

  6. Improving Junior High Classroom Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    A field experiment was conducted to determine whether descriptive-correlational results from classroom management research could be implemented by junior high school teachers, and whether such implementation would result in improved classroom management. An experimental group (18 teachers) received management manuals developed by researchers, and…

  7. Holography in the Junior High.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszkiewicz, Frank

    1988-01-01

    Examines the use of holography in the art technology program of a junior high school. Characterizing holography as a valuable artistic experience and discovery experience and stressing the importance of student interest and involvement, the author discusses the necessary equipment for the project and includes two diagrams of a holographic setup.…

  8. Water Watchers: Water Conservation Curriculum for Junior High School Science and Social Studies Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massachusetts State Water Resources Authority, Boston.

    Water is precious. It is also easy to take for granted. Many people recognize that water is scarce in desert areas, but it is harder to realize that places like Massachusetts could face a shortage of pure drinking water. This guide is designed for seventh and eighth grade science and social studies teacher. The lessons require 5 to 10 class…

  9. A prospective study of the potential moderating role of social support in preventing marginalization among individuals exposed to bullying and abuse in junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strøm, Ida Frugård; Thoresen, Siri; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Sagatun, Åse; Dyb, Grete

    2014-10-01

    Negative physical and psychological long-term consequences of abuse and bullying are well documented. It is reasonable to assume that abuse and bullying early in life also may have an impact on the ability to work and stay economically independent later in life, but such prospective studies are lacking. This study investigates the consequences of exposure to abuse and bullying in junior high school, as measured by receiving long-term social welfare benefits in young adulthood. In addition, it explores the potential protective role of social support. Self-reported data from 13,633 (50.3% female) junior high school students were linked to registry data on their use of social welfare benefits from the age of 18 and for eight consecutive years. Cox regression analyses were applied to test the relationship between exposure to life adversities and the use of social welfare benefits, and the potential moderating role of social support. The analyses showed that individuals exposed to abuse and bullying had an increased likelihood of receiving social-welfare benefits compared with individuals not exposed to these types of abuse. Exposure to multiple types of abuse led to a higher likelihood of using social welfare benefits compared with single types of abuse and no abuse. The findings on the potential moderating role of social support were mixed, depending on the source of social support. Family support and classmate relationships were protective in reducing the likelihood of the use of social welfare benefits, whereas peer and teachers' support showed inconsistent patterns. These results are promising in terms of preventing the long-term negative consequences of abuse and bullying.

  10. Junior High Career Planning: What Students Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2004-01-01

    This research used "The Comprehensive Career Needs Survey" to assess the career counselling needs of 3,562 junior high students in Southern Alberta. This article examines junior high students' responses regarding their perceptions of (a) the relevance of career planning, (b) who they would approach for help with career planning, and (c)…

  11. Junior High Norms for the Bender Gestalt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grow, Richard T.

    1980-01-01

    Junior high students were tested to supply normative data supporting the Bender Gestalt. Subject's performance was not significantly related to sex or occupation of the family bread winner. These variables do not have to be controlled for in norming visual motor tests at the junior high level. (Author)

  12. Effective Management in Junior High Mathematics Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.

    Reporting on part of the data collected in the Junior High Classroom Organization Study, this document focuses on the mathematics subsample. Twenty-six mathematics teachers in 11 junior high schools were observed in two classes. The major purpose of this paper is to describe the classroom procedures and behaviors of teachers identified as…

  13. A Study on the Development of Social Thinking Abilities and Judgment Abilities in Junior High School Students I : Through the Analysis of the Questionnaire Using Contents of the History

    OpenAIRE

    梅津, 正美; 加藤, 寿朗; 前田, 健一; 新見,直子; 大島, 悟; 竹崎, 葉子; 原, 義昭; 前島, 美佐江

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study is to clarify developmental transformations in social perception through a developmental survey which focuses on social thinking abilities and judgment abilities in junior high school students. This survey and analysis, while assuming social thinking abilities and judgment abilities in the context of social sciences to be composed of the five elements of actual judgment abilities, inductive inference abilities, deductive reasoning abilities, social judgment abiliti...

  14. Effectiveness of Line communication application as a social media on changes in tooth brushing behavior of junior high school students in Banjarmasin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widodo Widodo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: There were only 10.7% of junior school students in Banjarmasin brushing their teeth before bedtime. Using Line (as one of the social media can be assumed as an effective strategy to spread information. Purpose: This study aimed to reveal changes in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in students of class VII in all state junior high schools in Banjarmasin after receiving information disseminated through Line. Method: Pre and post test technique with control group design was used in this research. Result: One week before the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 1.90, while in the poster group was 1.93. During the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 4.78 in the first 7 days, 5.07 in the second week, and 5.67 in the third week. On the other hand, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the poster group was 4.66 in the first 7 days, 4.61 in the second week, and 5.18 in the third week. Conclusion: Messages/ information disseminated through both of Line and poster can give a significant change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime. Nevertheless, Line can trigger better effectiveness than poster in stimulating a change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime.

  15. A Further Look at Manifest Anxiety of Urban Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Benjamin F.

    1970-01-01

    Junior high school students, particularly Negroes, experience an excessive amount of inner conflict because they are lacking in social skills and confidence. These feelings of insecurity stem mainly from an awareness of social ostracism. (CK)

  16. Organizing and Managing the Junior High Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    This manual provides guidelines and activities for organizing and managing junior high school classes. The first five chapters are devoted to the topic of getting ready for the beginning of the school year; the last four chapters suggest guidelines and activities that are helpful in maintaining a management system. Chapter 1 deals with organizing…

  17. Mathematics for Junior High School. Supplementary Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is a supplementary SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include sets, projective geometry, open and closed paths, finite…

  18. Curriculum Reviews: Middle/Junior High Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, Richard

    1982-01-01

    Reviews "Pathways in Science" (Globe Book Company), designed as a complete middle/junior high school science program. Strengths (including sixth-grade readability) and weaknesses (indicating that limited process skill development may not challenge more capable students). Limited process skill development and the possibility for the program…

  19. Theme: Junior High and Middle School Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, John; And Others

    1994-01-01

    On the topic of agricultural education programs in middle/junior high schools, nine articles address developing self-concept, selecting materials, the benefits of agriscience contests, adopting new curricula, the role of Future Farmers of America in the development of adolescents, teaming science and agriculture, and the rationale for middle…

  20. Redskin Images. Roy Junior High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese, William M.

    The school and self-improvement programs instituted at Roy Junior High School include the development of a self-performance evaluative instrument, the incorporation of a daily 15-minute reading session, the encouragement of dance and movement education through use of visiting professionals, and implementation of a self-esteem improvement mechanism…

  1. Adolescent Views of Time Management: Rethinking the School Day in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Paris S.; Strom, Robert D.; Sindel-Arrington, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    Junior high school presents a significant increase in time demands both for study and for social relationships. The students (N = 240) in grades 7 and 8 at a junior high school anonymously completed online the Time Management Poll concerning their own use of time and the way their school managed time. The 20 items in the poll allowed them to…

  2. Adolescent Views of Time Management: Rethinking the School Day in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strom, Paris S.; Strom, Robert D.; Sindel-Arrington, Tricia

    2016-01-01

    Junior high school presents a significant increase in time demands both for study and for social relationships. The students (N = 240) in grades 7 and 8 at a junior high school anonymously completed online the Time Management Poll concerning their own use of time and the way their school managed time. The 20 items in the poll allowed them to…

  3. Spiritual beliefs among Chinese junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Lili; Jin Shenghua

    2006-01-01

    Objective:To explore the characteristics of the spiritual beliefs among junior high school students.Method:431 junior high school students are measured by Students' Basic Information Questionnaire (SBIQ) and Middle School Students'Spiritual Beliefs Questionnaire (MSSSBQ).Results:(1) The overall characteristics of the spiritual beliefs among junior high school students are as follows:social beliefs rank first,practical faith second,and supernatural beliefs last.The ranks of the seven beliefs from high to low are nationalism,political conviction,family's doctrine,life worship,religious beliefs,money/material and gods worship.(2) Boy students have higher political conviction and money/material faith than girl students.Girt students have higher religious beliefs than boy students.(3) On the beliefs of money/material and life worship,students in Grade 9 take the first place,Grade 8 second and Grade 7 last.(4) Non-student cadres have stronger money/material faith than cadres.(5) League members have higher political beliefs than non-members.(6)Students who are good at studies have stronger national faith than students who are average or poor at studies.Students who are poor at studies have stronger money/material faith than other students.Conclusion:The spiritual beliefs of junior high school students' are positive.

  4. The Perceptions of Temporal Path Analysis of Learners' Self-Regulation on Learning Stress and Social Relationships in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Hsiu-Ju

    2016-01-01

    This research focus on the temporal path analysis of learning stress, test anxiety, peer stress (classmate relatedness), teacher relatedness, autonomy, and self-regulative performance in junior high school. Owing to the processes of self-determination always combines several negotiations with the interactive perceptions of personal experiences and…

  5. Impact of Mainstreaming and Disability Visibility on Social Representations of Disability and Otherness Held by Junior High School Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves

    2013-01-01

    The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e., severe…

  6. Sexuality Education in Junior High Schools in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, N.; Shinohara, H.; Tashiro, M.; Suzuki, S.; Hirose, H.; Ikeya, H.; Ushitora, K.; Komiya, A.; Watanabe, M.; Motegi, T.; Morioka, M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to determine via responses to three questionnaire surveys how sexuality education programs are conducted at junior high schools in Japan. Study 1 examined the practice of sexuality education in schools, Study 2 investigated junior high school students' (age 12-13 and 14-15 years) knowledge of sexuality, and Study 3 examined…

  7. Different Demotivators for Japanese Junior High and High School Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Yo

    2011-01-01

    Motivation has been studied throughout the field of language acquisition for the past 20 years. Demotivation has also been researched in Japan at primarily the university and high school level. To provide a deeper understanding of demotivation for Japanese junior and senior high school learners, this study explores the following three questions.…

  8. On Strategies of Improving Junior High School Students' Oral English Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗茜

    2015-01-01

    With the increasingly frequent international exchanges,English,as an international language,has been attached greater importance.The oral English ability of junior high school students plays an indispensable role in their everyday study and social interaction,and it is the present junior school study that can lay a solid foundation for their future study and life. Therefore,to comprehensively improve their oral English ability is in urgent need and of paramount significance.This paper focuses on analyzing the external and internal factors influencing the cultivation of junior high school students' oral English ability,and put forwards the corresponding cultivating strategies of the oral English ability of junior high school students.

  9. On Strategies of Improving Junior High School Students’ Oral English Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗茜

    2015-01-01

    With the increasingly frequent international exchanges,English,as an international language,has been attached greater importance.The oral English ability of junior high school students plays an indispensable role in their everyday study and social interaction,and it is the present junior school study that can lay a solid foundation for their future study and life.Therefore,to comprehensively improve their oral English ability is in urgent need and of paramount significance.This paper focuses on analyzing the external and internal factors influencing the cultivation of junior high school students’oral English ability,and put forwards the corresponding cultivating strategies of the oral English ability of junior high school students.

  10. Research of Social Behavior of Junior High School Students with Learning Disabilities%学习困难初中生社会行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳; 马林

    2012-01-01

    选取学困生73名,采用班级戏剧量表对学生的攻击行为、亲社会行为、敏感退缩行为进行测量。结果表明:(1)学困生与非学困生的社会行为存在显著差异,学困生的亲社会行为减少,攻击行为增多;(2)学困生中,男生的攻击行为显著高于女生;(3)随着年级的增加,学困生的亲社会行为与攻击行为有下降趋势,退缩行为略有增多,但差异均未达到显著水平。%elected 73 junior school students with learning disabilities.CPS-R was used to measure student's Pro-social behavior,aggressive behavior,sensitively-back behavior.The study reveals that:(1)students with learning disabilities showed fewer Pro-social behavior and more aggressive behavior;920among students with learning disabilities,aggressive behavior of boys was significant higher than girls.(3) As the grade increased,students with learning difficulties pro-social behavior and aggressive behavior on a downward trend,a slight increase in withdrawn behavior,but the difference did not reach significant levels.

  11. 网络对初中生社会化的消极影响及对策%Negative Influences of the Network on Junior High School Students' Socialization and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海鑫

    2013-01-01

    The Internet is developing rapidly due to its various characteristics, but it also influences junior high school students' socialization from several aspects. This paper aims to reveal the negative influences of the network on junior high school students' socialization and proposes coping strategies. Adopting question-naire method, this paper surveys on 250 Grade one and two stu-dents from a certain middle school of Shandong.%互联网以其渗透性、虚拟性、交互性、非群体性的特点快速发展,对处于社会化重要阶段的初中生产生了诸多影响。本研究旨在揭示网络对该群体社会化的消极影响并提出应对策略。研究采用问卷法,以山东某中学为例,调查了初一、初二两个年级共250名学生。分析表明初中生对网络的片面认识较易导致网络失范行为,且网络上的不良表现与现实生活中的不良行为数量上呈正相关。

  12. Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Devi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia. Methods: A cross sectional study with non-probability sampling method, was conducted in a junior high school Jatinangor during the month of July 2013. Ninety six participants were included in this study. All the participants underwent an interview about the food intake for breakfast in seven days using eating pattern recall guidelines. Results: Overall, 37% of the respondents skipped breakfast. The mean of total calories among the adolescents who consumed breakfast was 286.06 (187.89 kcal. The amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein consumed was 29.23 (19.93 gram, 13.93 (13.29 gram and 8.78 (6.11 gram accordingly. The main reason for adolescent to skip breakfast was lack of time. Conclusions: Majority of the respondents have their breakfast before they go to school. Overall, the total calories comsumed is sufficient however the amount of protein consumed is low.

  13. Strategies for Teaching Elementary and Junior High Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consuegra, Gerard F.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the applications of Piaget's theory of cognitive development to elementary and junior high school science teaching. Topics include planning concrete experiences, inductive and hypothetical deductive reasoning, measurement concepts, combinatorial logic, scientific experimentation and reflexive thinking. (SA)

  14. Teaching Human Sexuality in Junior High School: An Interdisciplinary Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapp, Lucy; And Others

    1980-01-01

    An experimental sex education program designed for the junior high school adolescent is described. The program's goal is to affect primary prevention of adolescent pregnancy and other problems related to adolescent sexuality. (Author/JMF)

  15. Profiles Junior high School West Java in Education Learning Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NFN Nahadi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Descriptive studies have been conducted on the existing junior high profile in West Java on Education Learning Environment. The study was conducted by purposive sampling and descriptive done to get an idea about the profile of SMP in West Java implementation of the learning environment. in junior high school in West Java. Research conducted by distributing questionnaires, and observations based on the indicators developed. Based on this research, it is known that, PLH learning in junior high school in West Java has been in force since 2007 after the enactment of the Governor of West Java on environmental education for junior high school students in West Java. Learning that lasts generally implemented in conventional teacher, and it is without any innovations. It has made learning the essential condition runs well, but has not lasted optimally.

  16. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Auliyanti, Fijri; Sekartini, Rini; Mangunatmadja, Irawan

    2016-01-01

    ... status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school...

  17. What makes work experience program in junior high school effective?

    OpenAIRE

    五島, 萌子; 重川, 純子

    2010-01-01

    Recently, the work experience program in junior high schools is spreading all over Japan in order that students get views on occupation and works. The purpose of this study is to clarify the value of this program and its determinants of effectiveness. We conducted interview survey to informantswho experienced the work experience programs in junior high school from 2000 to 2004. We have found that the followings are important to make the program more effective: adequacy interm and difficulty, ...

  18. Obesity prevention for junior high school students: An intervention programme

    OpenAIRE

    Topalidou,Anastasia; Dafopoulou, GM

    2013-01-01

    Background: Generally, schools are an important setting to provide programmes for obesity prevention for children because the vast majority of children attend school. This study investigates how an intervention programme in the school subject of Physical Education can help reduce obesity for junior high school students in combination with information on dietary and health matters in school and family. Materials and Methods: A quantitative study for junior high school students (N = 250) and a ...

  19. Educational Goals of Teachers in Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Classes in Elementary and Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Yisrael

    1993-01-01

    Teachers of low-achieving homogeneous, high-achieving homogeneous, and academically heterogeneous classes in elementary and junior high schools in Israel were interviewed to determine their allegiance to academic, personal, and social goals for students. In contrast to results of U.S. research, academic goals dominated for teachers in all…

  20. A Program to Enhance Self-Concept of Junior High Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, James H.

    This research analyzes the results of a program to enhance the self concepts of junior high students. Subjects were 80 students identified as having low self concepts. They participated in an eight-week program to develop skills in personal and social awareness. Pretest posttest scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory indicated that…

  1. 景颇族初中生的民族社会化觉察及其特征%Perceived ethnic socialization ofJingpo junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹可丽; 包广华; 钱丽梅; 马霓珊

    2016-01-01

    Ethnic socialization is key element of a minority family’s education in a multinational state, and it has an important influence on the ethnic attitude development of adolescents. Perceived ethnic socialization refers to the minority child’s understanding of information, and consists of cultural socialization, preparation for bias, promotion of mistrust, etc. Essentially, this is what their parents transmit to them regardingethnicity. Research in this field is based on the work of American psychologists, and the methods focus primarily on cross-sectional self-reporting. Few researchers have examined the ethnic socialization of ethnic Chinese minorities through empirical study. In study 1, 464 students from the Jingpo minority community in Yunnan Province completed a questionnaire that illuminated a perceived ethnic socialization scale (Chinese revision). Another 159 junior high school students took part in an open-ended questions survey to collect conflicting stories and biases. Study 2 was a situation-experiment designed to simulate conflict contexts with bias or non-bias between Jingpo students and Dai students, and explored ethnic socialization message-transmission after experiencing contextual simulation for 335 Jingpo junior high school students. Experiment 3 examined ethnic socialization messages by using story completion tasks, and was completed by 119 Jingpo junior high school students. Results indicated that Jingpo junior high students perceived four types of ethnic socialization messages: cultural socialization, promotion of mistrust, preparation for bias and the promotion of harmony (which is significantly different). As a percentage, “promotion of harmony” was reported as significantly higher than “cultural socialization” and “preparation for bias”; the least reported was “promotion of mistrust”. There was a significant difference evident between simulating contexts with bias versus non-biased clues in preparation for bias. Genders

  2. Improving Oral English in Break Time in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴小丹

    2013-01-01

      Teachers have been paying more attention to oral English teaching in junior high school than ever before. Generally, teachers focus on teaching oral English in class, where they give preeminence to creating an environment in the classroom which approximates to the“real-life”communicative use of language (Yang Chaochun&Cheng Lian 2005). However, there are some limits teaching oral English in class. This essay puts forwards to provide input during the break time for students to acquire oral English unconsciously in junior high school to make up for the insufficiency.

  3. The Design of the Junior High Management Improvement Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    This report provides a description of the experimental design, including the procedures, instrumentation, and sample, of the Junior High School Management Improvement Study. The research leading up to this study is briefly described along with the conceptualization of the management function of teaching and the development of training manuals for…

  4. Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Testing for Indonesia Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Bor-Chen; Daud, Muslem; Yang, Chih-Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a curriculum-based multidimensional computerized adaptive test that was developed for Indonesia junior high school Biology. In adherence to the Indonesian curriculum of different Biology dimensions, 300 items was constructed, and then tested to 2238 students. A multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model was…

  5. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include real numbers, similar triangles, variation, non-metric…

  6. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include the rational number system; parallels, parallelograms,…

  7. Multidimensional Computerized Adaptive Testing for Indonesia Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Bor-Chen; Daud, Muslem; Yang, Chih-Wei

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a curriculum-based multidimensional computerized adaptive test that was developed for Indonesia junior high school Biology. In adherence to the Indonesian curriculum of different Biology dimensions, 300 items was constructed, and then tested to 2238 students. A multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model was…

  8. Home Life Skills: Career Related Junior High Home Economics Courseguide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aanenson, Gail; And Others

    Designed for use in integrating career education into a one-semester junior high school home economics course, this guide contains eleven home life skills activities and eighteen personal development activities to be integrated into units on foods, grooming and clothing, sewing, personal development, and child development. Student worksheets,…

  9. The Development of a Suburban Junior High School Learning Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Janet W.

    The purpose of the study is to present a descriptive report of the difficulties and successes in the first eight months of the development of a Learning Center in Northwood Junior High School in Highland Park, Illinois. The report is intended to contribute information which will be helpful to others whose task it is to develop Learning Centers.…

  10. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II (Part 1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include number line and coordinates, equations, scientific notation,…

  11. The Final Report on the Tarrant County Junior College Phase of the Social Science Demonstration Project Sponsored by the American Association of Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Robert M.

    An account of Tarrant Count Junior College's participation in the American Association of Junior Colleges' Social Science Demonstration Project was presented. The purpose of the project was to involve introductory sociology students in the use of the community as a laboratory to enliven the teaching-learning experience and develop in students a…

  12. Prevalence of Tobacco Use among Junior High and Senior High School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ping-Ling; Huang, Weigang; Chuang, Yi-Li; Warren, Charles W.; Jones, Nathan R.; Asma, Samira

    2008-01-01

    Background: Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of death in the world. This article describes and compares tobacco use prevalence for students attending junior high schools and senior high schools in Taiwan. Methods: This report uses data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) completed among 4689 junior high school students and 4426…

  13. 國中學生偏差行為之研究:社會資本的觀點 Delinquent Behaviors of Junior High School Students: A Social Capital Perspective

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    謝志龍 Chih-Lung Hsieh

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available 本文使用封閉性網絡與擴展性網絡兩種不同的社會資本型式,探討親代與子代的社會網絡對國中學生偏差行為的影響。前者指父母網絡,是由父母、子女同學以及子女同學的父母共同形塑出有效規範與訊息傳遞的封閉性網絡,它隱含父母主導子女行動模式的權力與態度。後者指同儕網絡,是青少年所擁有的朋友之數量與品質而開展出向外聯繫的擴展性網絡,具有多元、複雜與異質的特色。研究結果如下:第一,父母網絡對於國中學生的偏差行為不具影響力,代間封閉性網絡並非是有效理解國中青少年偏差行為的機制。第二,國中學生所結交的朋友相當重要,擴展性的「負向」同儕網絡 會加劇青少年的偏差行為,但擴展性的「正向」同儕網絡則會減緩青少年的偏差行為。 This paper was aimed to explore the impact that social capital had on the delinquency of junior high school students. It was expected that both closure and expansion of social networks would play active roles in the formation of children’s behaviors. The former referred to parental networks that seemed to have the authority to control children’s behaviors in schools, and the later referred to adolescents’ ego-networks. When adolescents’ friends were more diverse and from mixed backgrounds, peer networks might affect their behaviors. The results showed that peer networks had a significant effect on adolescent delinquency. While “negative” peers could worsen the degree of delinquency, “positive” peers appeared to exert positive influence on their deviated behaviors. Parental networks, on the other hand, had no significant connection with junior high school students’ delinquency.

  14. Classroom-Based Social Skills Training for Junior High School Students:Comparison between Skill-Increased and Skill-Decreased Subgroups

    OpenAIRE

    江村, 理奈

    2007-01-01

    The present study compared the effects of classroom-based social skills training on the student's self-reported social skills and their subjective measures of adjustment (social support and loneliness). One hundred and eighteen 8th-grade students participated in this study. The training consisted of eight sessions during six months and focused on six target social skills: how to listen, how to invite classmates, how to give positive messages, how to reject unreasonable demands skillfully, how...

  15. Classroom-Based Social Skills Training for Junior High School Students:Comparison between Skill-Increased and Skill-Decreased Subgroups

    OpenAIRE

    江村, 理奈

    2007-01-01

    The present study compared the effects of classroom-based social skills training on the student's self-reported social skills and their subjective measures of adjustment (social support and loneliness). One hundred and eighteen 8th-grade students participated in this study. The training consisted of eight sessions during six months and focused on six target social skills: how to listen, how to invite classmates, how to give positive messages, how to reject unreasonable demands skillfully, how...

  16. English vocabulary teaching in Chinese junior high schools

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Jinghong

    2015-01-01

    Vocabulary learning is an important and indispensable part of the English language learning process. In this paper, the author tried to examine the vocabulary teaching practice in Chinese junior high schools. A questionnaire was used to investigate the problem from the perspectives of in-service teachers. Besides, the National English Curriculum (MOE, 2011) served as another important source of data in this study. The data revealed that progress has been made in English vocabulary teaching in...

  17. DISCOURSE OF QUALITY EDUCATION IN PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN DENPASAR CITY

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    I Nengah Narsa

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study was conducted to understand the discourse of quality education in Public Junior High Schools in Denpasar City. The study focused on the discourse of quality education in the practice of enrollment of new learners, the implementation of ‘Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan’, and the implementation of the National Final Examination in Public Junior High Schools in Denpasar City. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively and interpretatively. The theory of discourse of power/knowledge, the theory of social practice, and the theory of School-based Management were eclectically used in the present study. The results of the study showed that, first, the practice of the enrollment of new learners ‘Praktik Penerimaan Peserta Didik Baru (PPDB’, Educational Unit-based Curriculum ‘Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP’, and the National Final Examination ‘Ujian Nasional (UN’ which tended to neglect the principle of School-based Management (MBS and the school autonomy had led to the discourse of quality education in Public Junior High Schools ‘Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMPN’ in Denpasar City; second, the ideology which was referred to in the discourse of quality education which was related to PPDB, KTSP and UN in public junior high schools in Denpasar City was the liberal ideology which was based on rationalism, individualism and commercialism; third, the discourse of quality education in public junior high schools in Denpasar City had theoretical implication, namely, there was an expectation to reinforce the ideology of critical-cultural education and to establish the paradigm of political policy which supported the attempt made to realize quality education.

  18. Junior High School Prosocial Behavior and Research and Social Support--Guizhou Province%初中生亲社会行为特征及与社会支持的调查研究--以贵州省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雯

    2015-01-01

    In order to realize the relationship between the developing situation and social support of the junior middle school students’ pro-social behavior in Guizhou province,750 students of ifve junior middle schools in Guizhou province were selected randomly for this research.And with the Adolescent Social Support Scale and Pro-social Tendencies Measure, the research results show that,ifrst,the proportion of the pro-social behavior and social support of the junior middle school in Guizhou province is not high,which is just higher than the average level. Second, there’s gender deference, and the junior school students with different study grades show the signiifcant difference in subjective support and anonymous, altruistic, compliant, emotional and instant pro-social tendencies.Third, it exits positive correlation (p<0.01)between social support and pro-social behavior of the junior middle school students.Besides, the social support has a better predictive effect to the pro-social behavior.%文章讲到为了解贵州省初中生亲社会行为发展现状及与社会支持的关系,研究随机抽取贵州省五所初中的低年级学生共750名学生,以《青少年社会支持量表》和《青少年亲社会倾向量表》为研究工具。结果显示:(1)贵州省初中生的社会支持和亲社会行为不高,均略高于一般水平。(2)男女生社会支持得分存在显著差异;不同学习成绩的初中生在主观支持、匿名的、利他的、依从的、情绪性的和紧急的亲社会倾向上存在显著差异(3)初中生的社会支持和亲社会行为存在显著的正相关(P<0.01);社会支持对亲社会行为有较好的预测作用。

  19. [An investigation of occupational stress, social support, and happiness of junior civil servants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lingfeng

    2015-10-01

    To investigate the current status of occupational stress, social support, and happiness in junior civil servants in northern Zhejiang Province, China, and to investigate the relationship between occupational stress, social support and happiness. A total of 360 junior civil servants from below-county-level administrative organizations in Huzhou, Jiaxing, and Hangzhou were surveyed using the job stress questionnaire and social support rating scale for civil servants. The total average score of occupational stress in junior civil servants was 2.52 ± 0.48, indicating a moderate level of occupational stress; career prospects topped the rank list of sources of occupational stress with a score of 2.90 ± 0.60; different generations showed significant differences in the sources and total average scores of occupational stress, with the scores of the 1980s, 1990s, 1970s, 1950s, and 1960s groups decreasing in the same order (Phappiness among the junior civil servants were relatively low, with scores of 38.43 ± 8.38 and 76.88 ± 12.77, respectively; different generations also showed significant differences, with the scores of 1980s, 1990s, 1970s, 1950s, and 1960s groups increasing in the same order (Phappiness than males (Phappiness of junior civil servants (r=0.405~0.571, Phappiness of junior civil servants.

  20. Traditional versus internet bullying in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gofin, Rosa; Avitzour, Malka

    2012-11-01

    To examine the prevalence of traditional and Internet bullying and the personal, family, and school environment characteristics of perpetrators and victims. Students (12-14 years old) in 35 junior high schools were randomly selected from the Jerusalem Hebrew (secular and religious) and Arab educational system (n = 2,610). Students answered an anonymous questionnaire, addressing personal, family, and school characteristics. Traditional bullying and Internet bullying for perpetrators and victims were categorized as either occurring at least sometimes during the school year or not occurring. Twenty-eight percent and 8.9 % of students were perpetrators of traditional and Internet bullying, respectively. The respective proportions of victims were 44.9 and 14.4 %. Traditional bullies presented higher Odds Ratios (ORs) for boys, for students with poor social skills (those who had difficulty in making friends, were influenced by peers in their behavior, or were bored), and for those who had poor communication with their parents. Boys and girls were equally likely to be Internet bullies and to use the Internet for communication and making friends. The OR for Internet bullying victims to be Internet bullying perpetrators was 3.70 (95 % confidence interval 2.47-5.55). Victims of traditional bullying felt helpless, and victims of traditional and Internet bullying find school to be a frightening place. There was a higher OR of Internet victimization with reports of loneliness. Traditional bully perpetrators present distinctive characteristics, while Internet perpetrators do not. Victims of traditional and Internet bullying feel fear in school. Tailored interventions are needed to address both types of bullying.

  1. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

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    Fijri Auliyanti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Sleep disorders are prevalent in adolescents and may influence their academic achievement. To date, no study has been done in Indonesia on academic achievement in students with sleep disorders and its related factors. Objective To assess for relationships between academic achievement and related factors, including gender, motivation and learning strategies, IQ level, maternal educational level, socioeconomic status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school students with sleep disorders. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from January to March 2013. Subjects were students from five junior high schools in Jakarta who fulfilled the criteria for sleep disorders based on the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children questionnaire. Results There were 111 study subjects. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 39.7%, mostly in difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (70.2%. Below-average academic achievement was seen in 47.6% of subjects. Factors significantly related to below-average academic achievement were after-hours education program (prevalence ratio 5.6; 95%CI 1.36 to 23.18; P = 0.017, average IQ level (prevalence ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.38 to 7.71; P = 0.007, and male gender (prevalence ratio 2.68; 95%CI 1.06 to 6.78; P = 0.037. Conclusion Among junior high school students with sleep disorders, factors related to below-average academic achievement are after-hours education program (more than 2 types, the average IQ level, and male gender. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:50-8.].

  2. Academic achievement of junior high school students with sleep disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fijri Auliyanti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Sleep disorders are prevalent in adolescents and may influence their academic achievement. To date, no study has been done in Indonesia on academic achievement in students with sleep disorders and its related factors. Objective To assess for relationships between academic achievement and related factors, including gender, motivation and learning strategies, IQ level, maternal educational level, socioeconomic status, family structure, after-hours education program, presence of TV/computer in the bedroom, sleep duration during school days, as well as bedtime and wakeup time difference in junior high school students with sleep disorders. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from January to March 2013. Subjects were students from five junior high schools in Jakarta who fulfilled the criteria for sleep disorders based on the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children questionnaire. Results There were 111 study subjects. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 39.7%, mostly in difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (70.2%. Below-average academic achievement was seen in 47.6% of subjects. Factors significantly related to below-average academic achievement were after-hours education program (prevalence ratio 5.6; 95%CI 1.36 to 23.18; P = 0.017, average IQ level (prevalence ratio 3.26; 95%CI 1.38 to 7.71; P = 0.007, and male gender (prevalence ratio 2.68; 95%CI 1.06 to 6.78; P = 0.037. Conclusion Among junior high school students with sleep disorders, factors related to below-average academic achievement are afterhours education program (more than 2 types, the average IQ level, and male gender.

  3. Refractive Errors in State Junior High School Students in Bandung

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    Sabila Tasyakur Nikmah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Uncorrected refractive error is one of the avoidable causes of vision impairment in children and adults. Vision problem in children has been shown to affect their psychological and academic performance. This study aims at identifying and gaining more insights on the characteristic of the refractive errors in state junior high school students in Bandung to avoid uncorrected refractive errors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in September–November 2015 in state junior high schools in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Sample was selected using multistage random sampling technique. Children were examined using tumbling E examination; then students with visual acuity worse than 6/12 underwent Snellen Chart test, refractometry without pupil dilatation, correction with trial lens, then was followed by direct ophthalmoscopy. Results: From a total of 435 children who completed all the examination, 80 children (18.39% had refractive errors; consisted of 151 eyes (94.38% with myopia and 9 eyes (5.62% with astigmatism. Refractive errors were found to be more common in female children (73.7% than male children (26.3%. Among those with refractive errors, 45 children (56.3% did not use any corrective glasses before the examination. Conclusions: Routine refractive error test in vision screening examination is needed for students. It is equally important to raise more awareness toward eye disease in community.

  4. Work Stressors, Social Support, and Burnout in Junior Doctors: Exploring Direct and Indirect Pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sochos, Antigonos; Bowers, Alexis; Kinman, Gail

    2012-01-01

    The study tested a pathway model linking different occupational stressors, different sources of social support, and burnout. A sample of 184 junior medical doctors was used. Pathway analysis suggested that doctors who experienced increased time demands, organizational constraints, and a lack of personal confidence perceived their consultants as…

  5. Junior High School Students' Career Plans for the Future: A Canadian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2006-01-01

    This study uses the Comprehensive Career Needs Survey to assess the career plans of junior high school students in Southern Alberta, Canada. Junior high students are asked (a) what they plan to do after they leave high school; (b) their confidence in finding an occupation they enjoy, obtaining training or education, and finding work in their…

  6. Relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style in junior high school students%初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜蕾

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style,to provide the basis for coping with pressure positively. [Method] Social Support Rating Scale, Self-Acceptance Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used in 355 Dezhou junior high school students. (Results] 1) Junior high school students' self-acceptance, social support and active coping style were significantly different in the dimension that whether they're class cadre(P1 =0. 037,P2 =0. 000,P3 =0. 001) ;2)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with self-acceptance(r1 =0. 314,r2 =0. 279). They also had positive predict ability to itj3)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with active coping style(r1 =0. 408.r2 =0. 341). They also had positive predict ability to it; the objective support and the use of support were significantly negative related with negative coping style(r1 =- 0. 114,r2 =- 0. 122). They also had positive predict ability to it;4)the dimensions of self-acceptance were positive related with active coping style and had positive predict ability to it; the dimension self-acceptance was negative related with negative coping style and had positive predict ability to it(r=-0. 241). [Conclusions] Students should be encouraged to take more work as students' leaders to improve the level of social support and self-acceptance so that they can take positive steps when coping with pressure.%[目的] 探讨初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系,旨在为培养初中生积极应对生活压力提供依据. [方法] 采用社会支持评定量表、自我接纳量表、简易应对方式量表对德州355名初中生进行问卷调查. [结果] 1)初中生自我接纳、社会支持和积极应对在是否是班干部维度上差异均有统计学意义(P1=0.037,P2 =0.000,P3=0.001,P均<0.05);2)社会支持的主观支持和对支持的利用度两

  7. A study on fossilization of Interlanguage and Junior High English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何传丽

    2016-01-01

    English in junior high has been an essential part for students since it's a period toestablish basic English knowledge and skills. It's necessary for teachers to study English teaching. Interlanguage is an common phenomenon on English study. This article focus on the interlanguage, the fossilization of it and the impacts of interlanguage on the junior high English teaching.

  8. Will Aesthetics English Comic Books Make Junior High School Students Fall in Love with English Reading?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Mei-Ju; Hsu, Yung-Hung; Chen, Ching-Chi

    2015-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate the effects of Aesthetics English comic books on EFL junior high school students' vocabulary acquisition, reading comprehension, and English learning motivation. The participants in this study were 28 eighth graders from one class in a public junior high school in Pingtung in Taiwan. After ten weeks…

  9. Developing Teaching Materials PISA-Based for Mathematics and Science of Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somakim; Suharman, Andi; Madang, Kodri; Taufiq

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to develop valid and practical teaching materials for mathematics and science lesson PISA-based for junior high school students and to determine potential effects on students in scientific activity. Subjects of this study were students of Junior High School 9 Palembang (SMP Negeri 9 Palembang). The method used in this study is…

  10. Assessment System for Junior High Schools in Taiwan to Select Environmental Education Facilities and Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shyue-Yung; Chen, Wen-Te; Hsu, Wei-Ling

    2017-01-01

    Environmental education is essential for people to pursue sustainable development. In Taiwan, environmental education is taught to students until they graduate from junior high school. This study was conducted to establish an assessment system for junior high schools to select appropriate environmental education facilities and sites. A mix of…

  11. The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Junior High School Students during Small Group Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, Robyn M.

    2004-01-01

    The study investigated the effects of cooperative learning on junior high school students who worked in structured or unstructured cooperative groups. Two hundred and twenty-three junior high school students participated in the study and worked in three or four-person, mixed gender and achievement groups. The results show that the children in the…

  12. Assessment System for Junior High Schools in Taiwan to Select Environmental Education Facilities and Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shyue-Yung; Chen, Wen-Te; Hsu, Wei-Ling

    2017-01-01

    Environmental education is essential for people to pursue sustainable development. In Taiwan, environmental education is taught to students until they graduate from junior high school. This study was conducted to establish an assessment system for junior high schools to select appropriate environmental education facilities and sites. A mix of…

  13. Effects of Music on Physical Activity Rates of Junior High School Physical Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Lindsey; Barney, David C.; Prusak, Keven A.; Pennington, Todd

    2016-01-01

    Music is an everyday occurrence in a person's life. Music is heard in the workplace, in homes, and in the mall. Music can also be heard as a person exercises. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music on junior high students (n = 305) step counts and time in activity in junior high school physical education classes.…

  14. Relations Among Peer Acceptance,Social Behavior and Parenting Style of Junior High School Students%初中生的自尊、同伴接纳与学业成绩的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展宁宁

    2011-01-01

    对302名初中生的自尊及同伴接纳状况进行了调查,探讨初中生的自尊、同伴接纳与学业成绩的关系. 结果显示,初中生的自尊发展存在年级差异,但不存在性别上的差异;初中生的自尊发展、同伴接纳与学业成绩都存在着密切的关系;初中生的自尊发展、同伴接纳对学业成绩有显著预测作用.%This paper makes a survey of 320 junior high school students about their self-esteem and peer acceptance. The findings indicate that junior high school students' self-esteem is different in grades,but no difference in genders. There is a remarkable relationship between self-esteem,peer acceptance and academic achievements. Their self-esteem and peer acceptance predict academic achievements.

  15. SWIMMING CLASSES IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ OPINION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Bielec

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The role of modern physical education is not only to develop motor abilities of the students, but most of all prevent them from epidemic youth diseases such as obesity or postural defects. Positive attitudes to swimming as a long-life physical activity, instilled in adolescence should be beneficial in adult life. The group of 130 boys and 116 girls of 7th grade junior high school (mean age 14.6 was asked in the survey to present their opinion of obligatory swimming lessons at school. Students of both sexes claimed that they liked swimming classes because they could improve their swimming skills (59% of answers and because of health-related character of water exercises (38%. 33% of students regarded swimming lessons as boring and monotonous, and 25% of them complained about poor pool conditions like chlorine smell, crowded lanes, too low temperature. Majority of the surveyed students saw practical role of swimming in saving others life.

  16. Factors Affecting Junior High School Students' Interest in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trumper, Ricardo

    2006-03-01

    We report the results of a study on students' interest in physics at the end of their compulsory schooling in Israel carried out in the framework of the ROSE Project. Factors studied were their opinions about science classes, their out-of-school experiences in physics, and their attitudes toward science and technology. Students' overall interest in physics was "neutral" (neither positive nor negative), with boys showing a higher interest than girls. We found a strong correlation between students' "neutral" interest in physics and their negative opinions about science classes. These findings raise serious questions about the implementation of changes made in the Israeli science curriculum in primary and junior high school, especially if the goal is to prepare the young generation for life in a scientific-technological era. A more in-depth analysis of the results led us to formulate curricular, behavioral, and organizational changes needed to reach this goal.

  17. Epidemiological Survey on Periodontal Disease in Junior High School Students in Niigata Prefecture Using the CPITN

    OpenAIRE

    原沢, 正昭; 矢野, 正敏; 小林, 清吾; 平川, 敬; 安藤, 雄一; 堀井, 欣一; 岸, 洋志; 高塚, 真理子; 原, 耕二; Harasawa, Masaaki; Yano, Masatoshi; Kobayashi, Seigo; Hirakawa, Takashi; Ando, Yuichi; Horii, Kin-ichi

    1992-01-01

    A survey on the prevalence of periodontal disease was carried out on 360 8th grade students in three Junior High Schools in Niigata Prefecture, Shiozawa Junior High, Yahiko Junio High and Kurokawa Junior High. According to the partial recording of the CPITN, 6 index teeth (16, 11, ,26, 36, 31and 46 defined by FDI terminology) were examined at the time of the annual school-based dental examination. The results of this study showed that the percentages of the subjects having no sign of periodon...

  18. Validation of the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale among Junior Middle School Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jibin; Lau, Joseph T. F.; Mo, Phoenix K. H.; Su, Xuefen; Wu, Anise M. S.; Tang, Jie; Qin, Zuguo

    2016-01-01

    Background Online social networking use has been integrated into adolescents’ daily life and the intensity of online social networking use may have important consequences on adolescents’ well-being. However, there are few validated instruments to measure social networking use intensity. The present study aims to develop the Social Networking Activity Intensity Scale (SNAIS) and validate it among junior middle school students in China. Methods A total of 910 students who were social networking users were recruited from two junior middle schools in Guangzhou, and 114 students were retested after two weeks to examine the test-retest reliability. The psychometrics of the SNAIS were estimated using appropriate statistical methods. Results Two factors, Social Function Use Intensity (SFUI) and Entertainment Function Use Intensity (EFUI), were clearly identified by both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. No ceiling or floor effects were observed for the SNAIS and its two subscales. The SNAIS and its two subscales exhibited acceptable reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.89, 0.90 and 0.60, and test-retest Intra-class Correlation Coefficient = 0.85, 0.87 and 0.67 for Overall scale, SFUI and EFUI subscale, respectively, pInternet addiction, and characteristics related to social networking use. Conclusions The SNAIS is an easily self-administered scale with good psychometric properties. It would facilitate more research in this field worldwide and specifically in the Chinese population. PMID:27798699

  19. Educational Effect of Class Size and Teaching Methods on Teaching and Learning : Differences among Subjects of Junior High School Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    藤井, 宣彰; 水野, 考; 山崎, 博敏

    2007-01-01

    Teaching and learning in public junior high school were assessed by teachers. It was found that class size has negative effect on student's learning in math. And it has also negative effect on teacher's teaching in Japanese, Social Studies, Science and English. The smaller the class size is, the easier the teaching. It was also found that small group teaching method was useful especially in English.

  20. Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility to Juniors through Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severinsen, Graeme

    2014-01-01

    The teaching personal and social responsibility (TPSR) in physical education (PE) has a research base dating back some years. There is significant literature pertaining to senior students, the underserved, problem youth in America, teaching responsibility in gym settings, and through PE and in special projects. At the fore-front of this literature…

  1. Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility to Juniors through Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severinsen, Graeme

    2014-01-01

    The teaching personal and social responsibility (TPSR) in physical education (PE) has a research base dating back some years. There is significant literature pertaining to senior students, the underserved, problem youth in America, teaching responsibility in gym settings, and through PE and in special projects. At the fore-front of this literature…

  2. Phoenix Union High School System Freshmen and Juniors Look at High School, November 1974/April 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Coleen

    The Upperclassmen Look at High School Survey was administered in April 1975 to randomly selected junior classes, along with the Vocabulary section of the Iowa Test of Educational Development. This survey was administered, along with the freshman survey in October, as a check on student attitude toward the following: new educational concepts,…

  3. [Development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizu, Kenichiro; Shimoda, Yoshiyuki

    2013-08-01

    This study reports about the development of the Japanese version of the Emotion Awareness Questionnaire for junior high school students. Emotion Awareness Questionnaire (EAQ; Rieffe, Oosterveld, Miers, Meerum Terwogt, & Ly, 2008) for children and adolescents aims not only to monitor and differentiate emotions but also to measure attitudes about emotions. It consists of six factors: differentiating emotions, verbal sharing of emotions, not hiding emotion, bodily awareness, attending to others' emotion, analyses of emotions. To examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the EAQ, junior high school students (7th to 9th grades) were requested to complete the questionnaires (n = 535 in time 1, n = 537 in time 2, n = 330 in time 3). The results showed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had almost the same six-factor structure as the original one. It also had moderate internal consistency and test-retest reliability (three weeks). The validity of the scale was examined in relation to emotional intelligence, social anxiety, depression, psychological stress responses, evaluation of emotions, self esteem and sense of authenticity. The results confirmed that the Japanese version of the EAQ had good validity.

  4. An Analysis of Background Factors of School Non-Attendance in Junior High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    神田,信彦; 大木, 桃代

    2001-01-01

    This study explored the background effect of school non-attendance in junior high school students. Two hundred ninety-eight junior high school students completed a questionaire. It was consist of perceived control scale for children and items about their feelings for parents, classmates, teachers, classes, and so on. The results were as follows:(1)Desire for school non-attendance was controlled with High perceived control, perceived affective support from families and friends, and a feeling o...

  5. Application of Interactive Approach to the Teaching of English Reading in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲

    2016-01-01

    This study shows that the application of interactive approach and the training of interactive reading strategy in rural junior high schools can help the students to improve their reading competence and it is worth to explore further such an approach.

  6. Vocabulary Learning Under New Curriculum ---Grade Nine student in a Junior high school%Vocabulary Learning Under New Curriculum ---Grade Nine student in a Junior high school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨灿

    2011-01-01

    1. Introduction This thesis focuses on the real situation of vocabulary learning in a junior high school, located in countryside. First, this thesis will review some research conclusions on vocabulary learning. Then the author tries to explore the real situation of vocabulary learning in the high school, by analyzing the data collected from the questionnaire done by Grade Nine students.

  7. Symptomatic vergence disorders in junior high school children in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Darko-Takyi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Optometrists in Ghana are hampered in performing comprehensive binocular vision assessments, because of the lack of appropriate instruments leading to a paucity of data on vergence disorders and their association with asthenopia among Ghanaian school children.Aim: To establish the prevalence of symptomatic vergence disorders among junior high school (JHS children in Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana, in their habitual (vision states and investigate if there were any associations between these disorders and specific asthenopic symptoms.Methods: A prospective cross-sectional school-based study using a multistage sample of 627 participants aged 12–17 years from JHSs in Cape Coast Metropolis. Participants completed a reliable asthenopic symptoms questionnaire and 220 participants who expressed two or more severe or very severe symptoms were selected for comprehensive binocular vision assessment in their habitual vision state.Results: The prevalence of symptomatic vergence disorders among JHS children in Cape Coast Metropolis was 14.8%. For specific symptomatic vergence disorders, the prevalence was: 1.4% basic esophoria, 1.4% basic exophoria, 8.6% convergence insufficiency, 1.8% convergence excess, 0.8% fusional vergence dysfunctions and 0.8% divergence excess. No participant had symptomatic divergence insufficiency. The study revealed significant associations between some specific symptomatic vergence disorders and specific asthenopic symptoms even though all of these asthenopic symptoms overlapped in other vergence disorders.Conclusion: Presenting complaints of specific asthenopic symptoms does not differentiate between specific types of vergence disorders. A comprehensive binocular vision assessment is vital in the diagnosis and management of these disorders to relieve asthenopia.

  8. An Evaluation of the English Achievement Test for Junior High School Graduation 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶译

    2013-01-01

    This paper evaluates the Achievement Test for Junior High School Graduation in reliability, validity and practicality, which is aimed to help junior English teachers to understand how to identify a useful test and develop their test writing skills as well as improve their teaching. The result suggests that the Achievement Test is a reasonably reliable and valid test though some of the listening items need to be improved. It is the ideal frame of evaluating language learning through language testing.

  9. Evaluation and Report on Consumer and Homemaking Program in Depressed Areas. Utterback Junior High School Program. Wakefield Junior High School Program. June and July, 1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noon, Madeline Estella; Hanson, Connie

    The document describes the consumer and home economics summer programs for grade 7 and grade 8 girls in two junior high schools. The programs provided opportunities to learn basic sewing and cooking skills, as well as personal improvement such as grooming, hygiene, posture, and modeling. A number of field trips to supplement the class instruction…

  10. Economic Choices: China after Mao. High School and Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education.

    This unit, developed for high school and community college students, has a two-fold purpose: to introduce students to free market and planned economic systems, and to examine China's recent efforts to supplement its planned economy with market mechanisms. The unit is appropriate for a variety of courses, including economics, social studies,…

  11. Stress management with adolescents at the junior high transition: an outcome evaluation of coping skills intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schinke, S P; Schilling, R F; Snow, W H

    1987-01-01

    This paper reports an outcome study of coping skills intervention to help adolescents manage stress associated with the transition from elementary school to junior high. In a randomized design, sixth grade students from four elementary schools were pretested, then two schools each were assigned to an intervention condition and to a control condition. Intervention condition subjects received eight sessions of instruction and practice in coping skills intervention. Following intervention, all subjects were posttested. At posttest and relative to control condition subjects, intervention condition subjects scored more positively on measures of problem solving, assertive direct refusals, adequacy of information about junior high school, ability to handle stress, ability to deal with peer pressure, and general readiness for junior high school.

  12. The Application of Lead-in in Junior High School English Teaching%The Application of Lead- in in Junior High School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹华清

    2016-01-01

    Lead-in, a way of leading students to study, is the warming-up of the whole teaching process, which aims at getting students into the best state of study in the shortest possible time. Combined with contents from Go for It, this paper mainly deals with the requirements and methods of lead-in for stimulating junior high students' learning interest. In English class, scientific methods of lead-in can easily attract students' attention and stimulate their strong interests.

  13. Prevalence and Impact of Cyberbullying in a Sample of Indonesian Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaria, Triantoro

    2016-01-01

    In recent years cyberbullying has become widespread throughout junior high schools around the world, resulting in high numbers of adolescents affected by cybervictimization. Cybervictimization is associated with negative psychological health outcomes. The objective of the present study was to examine the impact and prevalence of cybervictimization…

  14. The Post-Junior High School Education of Migrant Children in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Dongping; Wang, Qi

    2013-01-01

    Attention is being paid to the problem of migrant children in Beijing accessing education after junior high school. Because Beijing students generally do not want a vocational education, the availability of such education in Beijing is shrinking. But a survey indicates a high demand and desire among the children of migrant workers for a vocational…

  15. A Multi-Component Social Skills Intervention for Children with Asperger Syndrome: The Junior Detective Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaumont, Renae; Sofronoff, Kate

    2008-01-01

    Background: The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a new multi-component social skills intervention for children with Asperger syndrome (AS): The Junior Detective Training Program. This 7-week program included a computer game, small group sessions, parent training sessions and teacher handouts. Method: Forty-nine children with AS were…

  16. Junior High Computer Literacy. Curriculum Guide=L'Informatique au Secondaire 7-8-9. Guide Pedagogique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

    This curriculum guide provides information in both English and French for the teaching of computer literacy in junior high schools in the Canadian province of Alberta. A basic introductory course developed in response to the need to acquaint junior high school students with a general understanding of computers and their use, the program for grades…

  17. Educational Progression in Ghana: Gender and Spatial Variations in Longitudinal Trajectories of Junior High School Completion Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansong, David; Alhassan, Mustapha

    2016-01-01

    Completion of junior high school is a critical milestone in every Ghanaian child's educational trajectory and a critical step toward the transition to higher education. However, the rate of children completing junior high school still lags behind most educational indicators in Ghana. Far more attention is paid to ensuring that students enroll in…

  18. The Effect of Task-Based Language Teaching on Motivation and Grammatical Achievement of EFL Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    NamazianDost, Islam; Bohloulzadeh, Ghassem; Pazhakh, Abdolreza

    2017-01-01

    This research sought to investigate the effect of the effect of task-based language teaching on motivation and grammatical achievement of EFL junior high school students of Ahvaz. To fulfill the objectives of the study a Homogeneity test (Oxford Quick Placement Test) was administered among 100 students at the junior high school and finally 80…

  19. Junior High Computer Literacy. Curriculum Guide=L'Informatique au Secondaire 7-8-9. Guide Pedagogique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

    This curriculum guide provides information in both English and French for the teaching of computer literacy in junior high schools in the Canadian province of Alberta. A basic introductory course developed in response to the need to acquaint junior high school students with a general understanding of computers and their use, the program for grades…

  20. Relationship among Family Support, Love Attitude, and Well-Being of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ho-tang; Chou, Mei-ju; Chen, Wei-hung; Tu, Chin-Tang

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the correlation between family support, love attitude, and well-being of junior high school students. After analyzing related literature, it is found that demographic variables like gender, grade, family structure, socioeconomic position have difference in perception of well-being. In addition, family support and love…

  1. A Study on Students' Affective Factors in Junior High School English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Biyi; Zhou, Yaping

    2012-01-01

    Affect is considered as aspects of emotion, feeling, mood or attitude which condition behaviors in second language acquisition. Positive affect is good for studying while negative affect will inevitably hinder learners' learning process. As we know, students in junior high school are special groups as they are experiencing great changes both in…

  2. Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids: Prevalence, Knowledge, and Attitudes in Junior and Senior High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luetkemeier, Maurie J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Reports a survey of junior and senior high school students that investigated the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid use and examined gender, sports participation, and illicit drug use. Results indicated the prevalence of steroid use was 3.3%. Steroid use was greater for males, users of other drugs, and strength trainers. (SM)

  3. Improving the Effectiveness of Organic Chemistry Experiments through Multimedia Teaching Materials for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Shi-Jer; Lin, Hui-Chen; Shih, Ru-Chu; Tseng, Kuo-Hung

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study aimed to explore the effects of three different forms of the multimedia teaching materials on the achievements and attitudes of junior high school students in a chemistry laboratory context. The three forms of the multimedia teaching materials, static pictures, video, and animation, were employed to teach chemistry…

  4. Refining the Charles F. Kettering Profile for a Junior High School Student Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William L.; Johnson, Annabel M.

    This study investigated the factor structure of the Charles F. Kettering Scale, a measure of climate used frequently for program and curriculum revision. A total of 228 students from a junior high school campus of a large school district in the Southwestern United States completed the General Climate Factors section of the Kettering scale. Primary…

  5. Effective Management at the Beginning of the School Year in Junior High Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evertson, Carolyn M.; Emmer, Edmund T.

    1982-01-01

    Two groups of junior high teachers were identified as being more or less effective in their classroom management practices. Observational data collected from these teachers in the first three weeks of the year indicate that the beginning of the year is a crucial time for establishing effective classroom management. (Author/BW)

  6. Classroom Assessment Preference of Indonesian Junior High School Teachers in English as Foreign Language Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saefurrohman

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted using a mix method design with 24 Indonesian junior high school English teachers as respondents who completed the questionnaire on classroom assessment practices. Six respondents participated in an interview and observation to further clarify their practices on classroom assessment. The study found that an Indonesian…

  7. BO-CEC Business and Office Careers Course Guide; Junior High and Middle Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    The curriculum guide for middle and junior high school grades presents 15 resource units, designed to simulate business career situations, organized into five sections: clerical (receptionist, general office worker, cashier, typist, and accounting clerk), secretarial/stenographic (secretary, court reporter, executive secretary), accounting and…

  8. Solar Energy Education. Renewable energy activities for junior high/middle school science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    Some basic topics on the subject of solar energy are outlined in the form of a teaching manual. The manual is geared toward junior high or middle school science students. Topics include solar collectors, solar water heating, solar radiation, insulation, heat storage, and desalination. Instructions for the construction of apparatus to demonstrate the solar energy topics are provided. (BCS)

  9. Some Factors That Affecting the Performance of Mathematics Teachers in Junior High School in Medan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manullang, Martua; Rajagukguk, Waminton

    2016-01-01

    Some Factor's That Affecting The Mathematic Teacher Performance For Junior High School In Medan. This research will examine the effect of direct and indirect of the Organizational Knowledge towards the achievement motivation, decision making, organizational commitment, the performance of mathematics teacher. The research method is a method of…

  10. The Construction of an Online Competitive Game-Based Learning System for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yuh-Ming; Kuo, Sheng-Huang; Lou, Shi-Jer; Shih, Ru-Chu

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study aimed to construct an online competitive game-based learning system by using freeware for junior high school students and to assess its effectiveness. From the learning standpoints, game mechanisms including learning points, competition mechanism, training room mechanism, questioning & answering mechanism, tips, and…

  11. DIGEST MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY. VOLUME 3, ROMANTIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOORE, JUNE

    PREPARED AS PART OF "PROJECT IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY," THIS VOLUME CONTAINS CURRICULAR MATERIALS REPRESENTING THE ROMANTIC PERIOD. A MUSICAL HISTORY OF THE PERIOD IS GIVEN, AS WELL AS HISTORIES OF THE COMPOSERS AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL COMPOSITIONS. THE MATERIALS ARE PREPARED FOR THREE DEGREES OF TECHNICAL…

  12. Educative Experiences of Rural Junior High History Fair Participants Seeking and Evaluating Online Primary Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Riley Todd

    2012-01-01

    This phenomenological ethnographic multi-case study's purpose was to gain insight into experiences of rural junior high History Fair participants as they searched for and evaluated online primary sources. Drawing on the theories of Dewey and Kuhlthau, the study examined how the participants searched the Internet, what strategies they used to…

  13. Complex Variables in Junior High School: The Role and Potential Impact of an Outreach Mathematician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, Billy J.; Dwyer, Jerry F.; Wilhelm, Jennifer; Moskal, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Outreach mathematicians are college faculty who are trained in mathematics but who undertake an active role in improving primary and secondary education. This role is examined through a study where an outreach mathematician introduced the concept of complex variables to junior high school students in the United States with the goal of stimulating…

  14. Promoting of Thematic-Based Integrated Science Learning on the Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pursitasari, Indarini Dwi; Nuryanti, Siti; Rede, Amran

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to explain the effect of thematic based integrated science learning to the student's critical thinking skills and character. One group pretest-posttest design is involving thirty students in one of the junior high school in the Palu city. A sample was taken using purposive sampling. Data of critical thinking skills…

  15. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-01-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas…

  16. On the Application of Task-based Language Teaching in Junior High School English Classes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Task-based Language Teaching was put forward in 1980s.The present paper aims to make a brief introduction about task-based language teaching approach and investigate the application of task-based language teaching approach in junior high school English classes in order to make it better adapt to the development of English teaching in China.

  17. Realistic Mathematics Learning Using Cooperative Strategy Model in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwiyana

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to develop a realistic mathematics learning model using cooperative strategy. This study applies research and development approach conducted at Junior High School "Laboratorium," State University of Malang. The implementation of this model is conducted through five stages: 1) previous study phase; 2) model planning phase;…

  18. Curriculum for Junior High School Students: Dairy Food Consumption Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobocik, Rebecca S.; Haar, Christine M.; Dawson, Erin E.; Coleman, Priscilla; Bakies, Karen

    2009-01-01

    A nutrition education module for a family and consumer sciences curriculum was developed and evaluated with junior high school students (n = 63) using a quasi-experimental design. The multivariate interaction between time of measurement and intervention was significant, F (2, 50) = 8.68, p = 0.001.The univariate interaction between pre and post…

  19. Epidemiology of a Tuberculosis Outbreak in a South Carolina Junior High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacks, Jeffrey J.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Presents a case study of a tuberculosis outbreak in which a rural South Carolina seventh-grade student with infectious cavitary, pulmonary tuberculosis was implicated as the source of infections in 40 percent of the junior high-school student body. (KH)

  20. DIGEST MATERIALS FOR IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY. VOLUME 1, BAROQUE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MOORE, JUNE

    PREPARED AS PART OF "PROJECT IMPROVING AND EXTENDING THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL ORCHESTRA REPERTORY," THIS VOLUME CONTAINS CURRICULAR MATERIALS REPRESENTING THE BAROQUE PERIOD. A MUSICAL HISTORY OF THE PERIOD IS GIVEN, AS WELL AS HISTORIES OF THE COMPOSERS AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL COMPOSITIONS. THE MATERIALS ARE PREPARED FOR THREE DEGREES OF TECHNICAL…

  1. Curriculum for Junior High School Students: Dairy Food Consumption Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pobocik, Rebecca S.; Haar, Christine M.; Dawson, Erin E.; Coleman, Priscilla; Bakies, Karen

    2009-01-01

    A nutrition education module for a family and consumer sciences curriculum was developed and evaluated with junior high school students (n = 63) using a quasi-experimental design. The multivariate interaction between time of measurement and intervention was significant, F (2, 50) = 8.68, p = 0.001.The univariate interaction between pre and post…

  2. ACCELERATION AND ENRICHMENT IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. A FOLLOW-UP STUDY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ARENDS, RICHARD H.; FORD, PAUL M.

    THE 1963-64 STUDY INVOLVED AN INVESTIGATION OF ACCELERATION IN MATHEMATICS AND ENRICHMENT IN READING AND SCIENCE IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. BUT THE RESEARCH WAS BROADENED AND, UNLIKE THE 1962-63 STUDY, EXPLORED MORE DEEPLY THE EFFECTS OF ACCELERATION AND ENRICHMENT. A NUMBER OF SCHOOLS OUTSIDE OF WALLA WALLA WAS USED. PROBLEMS CONSIDERED WERE--(1)…

  3. The Davis Junior High Global Warming Project and Bike/Walk to School Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, A.; Anastasio, C.; Niemeier, D.; Scow, K.

    2007-12-01

    Junior high school students in Davis, CA, were targeted in an outreach project combining interactive and hands- on information about global warming and carbon footprints with a bike/walk to school challenge. The project was conducted by the Kearney Foundation of Soil Science, the Department of Land, Air and Water Resources and the John Muir Institute of the Environment at the University of California Davis. Approximately 70 undergraduates, graduate students, post-doc researchers, faculty and staff from UCD and the town of Davis were involved. Workshops were held in the 7th, 8th and 9th grade science classes in Davis' 3 junior high schools, reaching a total of 1700 students. Each 50-minute presentation consisted of a Global Warming Jeopardy game, followed by individual calculation of carbon footprints oriented towards a junior high school student. Biking or walking to school, instead commuting by car, was introduced as an important and feasible activity that could reduce one's carbon footprint. Working with staff from each junior high, students were then challenged to increase biking or walking to school during a 2 week Bike/Walk to School Challenge . UCD students and staff monitored automobile commuting (# cars, idle time) and bike use during this time and provided incentives for biking or walking . All schools were recognized for efforts to reduce their carbon footprints, and the concept was reinforced at the start of the following school year by planting a tree at each school.

  4. Spalding Junior High, Unit 1 Dropout Prevention Program. Maxi 2 Practicum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Joe C.

    The purpose of this practicum was to develop strategies to reduce the dropout rate at Spalding Junior High, Unit 1, Griffin, Georgia. Potential dropouts were identified and specific strategies were used to assist students in solving problems which caused them to become potential dropouts. Some of the strategies developed were: (1) faculty…

  5. The Implications of Selective Learning Models on Teaching Junior High School Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Roosevelt L.

    1978-01-01

    Providing practitioners with synopses, illustrations based on classroom experiences, and research findings, this article analyzes the learning models of Jean Piaget, Robert Gagne, Robert Karplus, David Ausubel, and Jerome Bruner in terms of the implications for teaching junior high school mathematics. (JC)

  6. The Implications of Selective Learning Models on Teaching Junior High School Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Roosevelt L.

    1978-01-01

    Providing practitioners with synopses, illustrations based on classroom experiences, and research findings, this article analyzes the learning models of Jean Piaget, Robert Gagne, Robert Karplus, David Ausubel, and Jerome Bruner in terms of the implications for teaching junior high school mathematics. (JC)

  7. THE ROLE OF PREVOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS OF NEW YORK STATE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AL-SALMAN, MUHSIN HUSSAIN

    THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO DESCRIBE EXISTING JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL PREVOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COURSES AND DETERMINE WHAT SELECTED EDUCATORS IN AGRICULTURE BELIEVE THE OBJECTIVES AND COURSE CONTENT SHOULD BE. LISTS OF 17 OBJECTIVES AND 103 COURSE CONTENT ITEMS IN NINE SUBJECT AREAS WERE ASSEMBLED. A JURY OF 17 MEMBERS RANKED THE OBJECTIVES AND…

  8. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-01-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas…

  9. Teachers' Perceptions of Their Work Environment in Swedish Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allodi, Mara Westling; Fischbein, Siv

    2012-01-01

    The aims of this study were to explore the organisational characteristics of junior high schools, to identify typologies of work environments and to explore the relationships between the type of work environment and how schools function. The educational profession and the role of teachers have been influenced by policies inspired by the principles…

  10. Making Catholics: The Ritual Production of Conformity in a Catholic Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaren, Peter

    1986-01-01

    Considers classroom instruction in a Catholic junior high school as part of an intricate ritual system supporting the values of the larger society. Corporate capitalist values associated with "becoming a worker" closely complemented values associated with "becoming a Catholic." Together these create the "ritual character" of the school.…

  11. The National Career Development Guidelines. Local Handbook for Middle/Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

    This handbook, one of five local handbooks developed to support specialized implementation of the National Career Development Guidelines, presents guidelines for developing comprehensive programs for students in middle and junior high schools. Part I describes the need for guidelines and standards in career development, defines career development…

  12. Geography of the Olympic Games: A Geographic Learning Activity for Upper Elementary and Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgman, Leonard; Lennert, James W.

    1996-01-01

    Presents a learning activity for students in upper elementary and junior high schools that capitalizes on the appeal of the Olympic Games. Using statistical information on the Games, students are asked to generate world maps indicating medal-winning countries. Includes sample Olympic data and maps. (DSK)

  13. Development of a Junior High School Module in Alcohol Education and Traffic Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.

    Five 45-minute teaching units for junior high school students on alcohol education and traffic safety are presented. Lesson I examines alcohol as a drug. Activities include a question-answer survey, a film, and a game. Assignments are a "find the word" game and an evaluation of an advertisement for an alcoholic beverage. Lesson II considers…

  14. Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume 2, Student's Text, Part I. Unit 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This fifth unit in the SMSG junior high mathematics series is a student text covering the following topics: rational numbers and coordinates; equations; scientific notation, decimals, and the metric system; constructions, congruent triangles, and the Pythagorean property; relative error; and real numbers. (DT)

  15. Mathematics for Junior High School. Commentary for Teachers. Volume II (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part manual for teachers using SMSG junior high school text materials. A chapter-by-chapter commentary on the text is given as well as answers to all the exercises. Chapter topics include: (1) number line and coordinates; (2) equations; (3) scientific notation; (4) applications of percent; and (5) congruence and the…

  16. On Student Body Discourse Space in Junior High School Composition Teaching%初中作文教学中的学生主体话语空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一丁

    2015-01-01

    写作对于初中生综合语文素养的提高具有很重要的意义,写作教学是语文教学的重要组成部分。明确初中生作为主体在初中作文教学中的地位,将话语权归还给学生,在校园活动、社会生活、自然环境中为学生创造以学生为主体的话语空间,加强初中生写作技巧的同时也不能忽略了学生本身的话语权。%Writing for junior high school students to improve overall language literacy has very important significance, writ-ing teaching is an important part of language teaching. While clearly dominant position as a junior high school students in junior high school teaching of writing and will be returned to the student the right to speak, to create student-centered dis-course space for students in campus activities, social life, the natural environment, strengthen writing skills of junior high school students can not ignoring the voice of the students themselves.

  17. 初中生英语听说能力的培养%Training of Junior High School English Listening and Speaking Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘顺兴

    2014-01-01

    English listening and speaking skills affect the comprehensive development of academic or social junior high school students. Junior high school English listening and speaking skills by students of non-intelligence factors and the doub-le impact of intellectual factors. The main factors which affect intelligence, including vocabulary, knowledge of migration, language environment;impact of non-intelligence factors include fear, interest, and gender. Teachers should also concern the junior high school English listening, speaking intellectual factors and non-intellectual factors of capacity development, strengthening of junior high school English listening and speaking ability.%英语的听、说能力影响着初中生的成绩和社会性的发展。英语的听、说能力受到学生智力因素和非智力因素的双重影响。其中智力因素主要包括词汇量、知识迁移能力、语言环境等;非智力因素主要包括胆怯、兴趣、性别等。教师应该同时关注智力因素和非智力因素,加强初中生的英语听、说能力的培养。

  18. Problems of social and communicative competence in preschoolers and junior schoolchildren with difficulties in social interaction

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    Gavrilushkina O.P.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the review of foreign and national investigations concerning genesis and specificity of interactions in children with difficulties in social contacts at early stages of ontogenesis. The following aspects of the problem were regarded: specificity of social interaction in children with autism spectrum disorder and mental retardation; peculiarities of child social interaction as depending on ethnic and gender attributes; factors determining the quality of interaction and social interaction in various age groups; the role of early support in normalizing the further child development; positive dynamics of interaction in conditions of inclusive education and so on.The reviewed studies stress the most significant reasons for low level of social interaction: decrease in need for social interaction, isolation (deprivation, lack of socio-communicative skills, difficulties in utilizing symbolic means, unfavorable situation of development, etc. It is shown that in case of specially structured educational environment it is possible to achieve positive dynamics in development of social and communicative competences in children with difficulties in social interaction.

  19. The use of CORE model by metacognitive skill approach in developing characters junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Dahlia; Yaniawati, Poppy; Kusumah, Yaya Sukjaya

    2017-08-01

    This study aims to analyze the character of students who obtain CORE learning model using metacognitive approach. The method in this study is qualitative research and quantitative research design (Mixed Method Design) with concurrent embedded strategy. The research was conducted on two groups: an experimental group and the control group. An experimental group consists of students who had CORE model learning using metacognitive approach while the control group consists of students taught by conventional learning. The study was conducted the object this research is the seventh grader students in one the public junior high schools in Bandung. Based on this research, it is known that the characters of the students in the CORE model learning through metacognitive approach is: honest, hard work, curious, conscientious, creative and communicative. Overall it can be concluded that CORE model learning is good for developing characters of a junior high school student.

  20. A Study on Lead-in of English Class in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马琴

    2016-01-01

    Lead-in is the first step of the English classroom teaching. It plays an essential role for revision. A good lead-in can show the dif⁃ficult points of the new class more clearly, activate the atmosphere of classroom, stimulate the interests and arouse the enthusiasm of stu⁃dents in learning. The author conducted a survey for Grade 7 in Guyuan No.3 Junior High School by the means of classroom observation and questionnaire, aiming to know about the current situation of lead-in in the English classroom teaching in junior high schools, to identi⁃fy the main problems and thus to take feasible ways in lead-in methods to improve the efficiency of the classroom teaching.

  1. Mathematics Instructional Model Based on Realistic Mathematics Education to Promote Problem Solving Ability at Junior High School Padang

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    Edwin Musdi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a mathematics instructional model based realistic mathematics education (RME to promote students' problem-solving abilities. The design research used Plomp models, which consists of preliminary phase, development or proto-typing phase and assessment phase.  At this study, only the first two phases conducted. The first phase, a preliminary investigation, carried out with a literature study to examine the theory-based instructional learning RME model, characteristics of learners, learning management descriptions by junior high school mathematics teacher and relevant research. The development phase is done by developing a draft model (an early prototype model that consists of the syntax, the social system, the principle of reaction, support systems, and the impact and effects of instructional support. Early prototype model contain a draft model, lesson plans, worksheets, and assessments. Tesssmer formative evaluation model used to revise the model. In this study only phase of one to one evaluation conducted. In the ppreliminary phase has produced a theory-based learning RME model, a description of the characteristics of learners in grade VIII Junior High School Padang and the description of teacher teaching in the classroom. The result showed that most students were still not be able to solve the non-routine problem. Teachers did not optimally facilitate students to develop problem-solving skills of students. It was recommended that the model can be applied in the classroom.

  2. Mathematics Instructional Model Based on Realistic Mathematics Education to Promote Problem Solving Ability at Junior High School Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Musdi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop a mathematics instructional model based realistic mathematics education (RME to promote students' problem-solving abilities. The design research used Plomp models, which consists of preliminary phase, development or proto-typing phase and assessment phase.  At this study, only the first two phases conducted. The first phase, a preliminary investigation, carried out with a literature study to examine the theory-based instructional learning RME model, characteristics of learners, learning management descriptions by junior high school mathematics teacher and relevant research. The development phase is done by developing a draft model (an early prototype model that consists of the syntax, the social system, the principle of reaction, support systems, and the impact and effects of instructional support. Early prototype model contain a draft model, lesson plans, worksheets, and assessments. Tesssmer formative evaluation model used to revise the model. In this study only phase of one to one evaluation conducted. In the ppreliminary phase has produced a theory-based learning RME model, a description of the characteristics of learners in grade VIII Junior High School Padang and the description of teacher teaching in the classroom. The result showed that most students were still not be able to solve the non-routine problem. Teachers did not optimally facilitate students to develop problem-solving skills of students. It was recommended that the model can be applied in the classroom.

  3. Probing when Japanese junior high school students begin to feel difficulty in learning mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishikawa, Tomoko; Izuta, Giido

    2017-05-01

    It is thought that the increasing number of Japanese students avoiding mathematics has become a serious problem in the last decades. Japanese junior high school students are learning the basic understanding and skills of mathematics during the years of mandatory education. To our knowledge, there are few reports about the time when Japanese junior high school students begin to feel difficulty in mathematics learning. The aim of this work is to examine this case. To accomplish this purpose, a typical public junior high school in a country city with 616 students (182 first-year, 212 second-year, 222 third-year) in all was chosen to be the field of investigation. Likert scale type questionnaires to assess their feelings were conducted, and the respondents who answered `difficulty' and `a little difficulty' were extracted. The number of respondents were 89 first-year (26 males, 63 females), 76 second-year (27 males, 49 females), and 112 third-year (45 males, 67 females) students. The beginning time was divided into school years when it was in elementary school, and semesters when it was in junior high school. Ordinary statistical processings for each grade and gender were performed to analyze them. It was found that the time when they began to have difficulty learning mathematics was different in gender. Male students tended to start from higher-grade of elementary school whereas female students from middle-grade of elementary school. In other words, these results showed differences in gender and time. Finally, these examinations suggest that teachers need to provide appropriate support for students at a suitable time in the elementary school. Also these results are useful in mathematics education of elementary school.

  4. Non-exposure parenting increases risk of bullying behavior in junior high school students

    OpenAIRE

    Surilena Hasan; Jessica Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Background Bullying behavior is one of many behavioral and disciplinary problems among school students, which has a wide impact on youth, families, schools, and communities. Parenting and the role of parents as good educators (exposure) can prevent mental, emotional and behavioral disorders caused by bullying. The aim of this study was to determine the role of self-esteem and family factors on bullying behavior in junior high schools students. Methods A cross-sectional study was ...

  5. Effects of International Questions on EFL Reading Comprehension at the Junior High School Level

    OpenAIRE

    WATANABE, Kazuo; Mori, Akiko

    2002-01-01

    Reading as communication haas been emphasized in recent EFL reading. We examined if the use of inferential questions as a strategy to teach reading can develop student's reading comprehension skills. We conducted an experiment in which 217 third year junior high school students in Osaka participated. They were divided into three groups. Group A was taught using only traslation, Group B was taught using only literal questions, and Group C was taught using only inferential questions. After the ...

  6. Analysis of Energy Literacy and Misconceptions of Junior High Students in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Shin-Cheng Yeh; Jing-Yuan Huang; Hui-Ching Yu

    2017-01-01

    Decision-making regarding energy determines carbon emissions and the severity of climate change. Energy literacy plays a crucial role because well-informed citizens can support the design and implementation of smart and forward-looking policies. Research has shown that people hold misconceptions about energy, and for young students these may persist into adulthood. Thus, this study is to understand the energy literacy of junior high school students in Taiwan and what their misconceptions are ...

  7. The Development Of Career Competence Instrument Based On Computer Assisted Testing For Students Of Junior High Schools In Jakarta, Indonesia

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    Dr. Gantina Komalasari, M.Psi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by results of theoretical studies and empirical facts about the importance of student’s career competence achievement, as well as the study of government policies on the mandate for the assessment in the specialization program/career counseling of Junior High School students. The research was aimed at developing student’s career competence standardized instrument based on Computer Assisted Testing (CAT which is effective as a support system of specialization program/career counseling in junior high schools. The study employed the standardized instrument development procedure (Anwar, 2010. The study population was all Grade IX students of Junior High School of Jakarta in the academic year of 2015/2016. The research sample was gained by using multistage cluster random sampling technique. Members of the research sample were 466 junior high school students representing the five regions of Jakarta. The data collection was performed by using Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale. The data were then analyzed by using validity and reliability tests. Operational data analysis was performed by using IBM SPSS version 20.0 for Windows. The results show that: first, all statements of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale are valid because the Sig. (2-tailed < α (0.05; second, the reliability of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale is in the high category because the reliability index reached r = 0.880. The final version of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale consists of 43 items.

  8. Class Size Reduction Experiment and the Effect on Teaching and School Life in Chinese Primary and Junior High Schools

    OpenAIRE

    蒋, 莉; 李, 東林; 山崎, 博敏

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviewed the present state of class size in Chinese primary and junior high schools and class size reduction experiment in major cities. Then, according to teacher survey data, the situation of teaching, learning and school life were analyzed. It was showed that pupil's study and school life were influenced by class size in primary school. That is to say the smaller class size is the better the teaching and learning. However, in junior high schools those tendencies were not seen.

  9. Queries, Influencers and Vocational Interests of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woal, S. Theodore

    1974-01-01

    The study, based on questionnaire results from 207 ninth grade students, investigates: student familiarity with occupations; influencers of their tentative occupational choices; post high school plans; and student queries and concerns pertinent to preparation for entry into a job. (MW)

  10. Creativity Education Model through Dance Creation for Students of Junior High School

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    Malarsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to realize dance as a real product of a dance education process. The product is packaged in a form of audio-visual as well as a scientific publication. As the benefit from this study, the product can be used by school and specifically by dance teacher as a guidance in conducting dance lesson at school. The study on the model of creativity education through the creation is being understood as a form of developmental research. As a developmental research, the research plan is initiated by analyzing the teaching material related to dance lesson, and relate it to the creativity education which has to be accomplished through dance lesson, specifically for Junior High School students. The study will be continued with theoretical/ conceptual analysis and observation which is related to creativity education through the dance creation. In the end of this study, model of creativity education through dance creation is produced, particularly for students of Junior High School level. Results of the study show that, in doing creativity activity through dance creation, the value of the dance as an art is not become the primary aim. Moreover, the main aim of this process is towards the creativity process itself. While producing and creating the dance, two major educational points are derived, which are: the creativity and product value in a form of dance. Based on background of the idea, through this pilot project, the creativity of creating dance for public schools students, especially Junior High School, is possible to be done and used as a dance creativity learning model in Junior High School. Two suggestions are formulated in this study: (1 it is suggested for dance teachers in public schools, in this context is Junior High School teachers, to set their teaching and learning process into the creativity education as it is implied in curriculum. (2 In order to achieve the creativity education itself, the dance creation as one of art subject

  11. The Freshman Grade Academy: A Program to Facilitate the Smooth Transition of Students from the Junior High Learning Environment to the High School Learning Environment

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    Michelle Weathers

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available From 2004-2006, Arkansas High School in Texarkana, Arkansas, piloted a program aimed at facilitating the transition of freshman students from a junior high setting to a senior high setting. The creation of the program was prompted by the school’s data showing that the freshman class had the highest number of disciplinary referrals, absenteeism, and failing grades, while simultaneously having extremely low benchmark test scores. The program, named the Freshman Academy, consisted of three teams with five core team teachers in the areas of English, computer business applications, math and social studies along with an inclusion special education teacher. The teams were given a common planning time to work together to foster student success in both academic and social circles. After two years of piloting the Freshman Academy, the data showed that the number of discipline referrals decreased, absenteeism was down, grades were up and benchmark test scores were up.

  12. 初中思想品德作业布置精致化策略探微%Exquisiteness Strategies for Assigning Junior High School Politics Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡恩伟

    2011-01-01

    随着新课程改革的全面铺开,传统的思想品德课作业布置已经滞后于社会发展,作业布置改革势在必行。实践证明,初中思想品德课作业要实现精致化,初中思想品德课作业布置要加强对作业形式、作业内容和作业评价的研究。%With the implementation of new curriculum reform, traditional politics homework lags behind the social development and it is imperative to reform homework assignment. The practice proves that junior high school politics homework should realize exquisiteness. Junior high school politics homework assignment should strengthen the research on homework forms, homework contents and homework assessment.

  13. [Sexual behavior and associated factors among Korean junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gyuyoung; Song, Seunghun

    2015-01-01

    The study purpose was to identify the sexual behavior and associated factors of Korean junior high school students. Raw data from the 2013 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey were used. Among the data from 72,435 students, 36,530 junior high school students were analyzed. Complex sample frequency analysis and complex sample chi-square were used to identify the condition of sexual behavior, and complex sample logistic regression was used to examine the factors related to sexual behavior. Among the students, 3.8% responded that they had experienced sexual intercourse, and the prevalence of sexual intercourse was higher among male students (5.0%) compared to female students (2.5%). Among male students, those who had the following were more likely to have had sexual intercourse: perceived high economic status, living with a relative, experience with a partti-me job, a foreign father, experience with smoking and drinking during the past month, experience with drug use, and depression during the past 12 months. Among the female students who were more likely to have had sexual intercourse, the following were ascertained: higher grades, perceived high economic status, living with a relative or in childcare facilities, experience with a part-time job, a foreign father or mother, experience with smoking and drinking during the past month, and experience with drug use. The results suggest that it is important to develop a comprehensive approach program not only focused on sexual behavior but also including mental health or other health behaviors to effectively reduce the likelihood of sexual intercourse among Korean junior high school students.

  14. 國中身心障礙學生家庭社經地位、社會資本、文化資本、財務資本與學習成果之關係研究 Relationships Among Family Socioeconomic Status, Social Capital, Cultural Capital, Financial Capital, and the Learning Outcomes of Junior High School Students With Disabilities

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    黃瓊儀 Chiung-Yi Huang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available 本研究主要目的在探討七年級身心障礙學生家庭社經地位、社會資本、文化資本與財務資本對學習成果之影響。本研究使用特殊教育長期追蹤資料庫(Special Needs Education Longitudinal, SNELS)所蒐集的967 位身心障礙學生資料,透過結構方程模式來檢定家庭社經地位對社會資本、文化資本、財務資本與學習成果的直接效果,以及探討家庭社經地位透過社會資本、文化資本與財務資本而影響學習成果之中介效果。研究結果顯示:家庭社經地位對多面向學習成果皆為負向影響,而家庭社經地位對社會資本、文化資本、財務資本皆有正向顯著影響,且透過社會資本、文化資本及財務資本對多面向學習成果有正向顯著的間接效果。針對前述研究結果,提出相關討論與建議。 The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among family socioeconomic status (SES, family resources, and students’ learning outcomes. A sample of 967 junior high school students with disabilities was drawn from the surveys of Special Needs Education Longitudinal Study. Based on previous empirical research and theory, the present study developed and verified a causal model of family SES as an exogenous variable and learning outcomes as an endogenous variable by using structural equation modeling. We also evaluated the roles of social capital, cultural capital, and financial capital as mediating variables. The findings showed that SES negatively affected learning outcomes but positively affected social capital, cultural capital, and financial capital. Social capital, cultural capital, and financial capital had significant mediating effects on the relationship between family SES and learning outcomes. This study proposes relevant suggestions based on the findings.

  15. Iranian Junior High school English Book Series (Right Path to English Weighted against Material Evaluation Checklists

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    Farhad Golpour

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a course textbook is an overwhelming task for both teachers and administrators. The aim of this study was to evaluate Iranian junior high school textbook series base on validated criteria. For this purpose a careful analyzing textbook evaluation checklists suggested by Sheldon (1984 skierso (1991 and Tucker (1992 was picked out. Among proposed criteria, eighteen critical features were selected to analyze Iranian junior high school series written by Birjandi in (1991. The Criteria were applied to the series analytically by researcher to examine the materials. The criteria in a form of questionnaire given to 15 experienced teachers who were teaching mentioned series for more than ten years. The gathered data revealed that it lacks appropriate layout and physical characteristics, materials have not be recycled, not all skills have been considered equally, emphasis is on grammatical points which practiced through speaking and listening. Moreover; recordings are artificial, no attention is paid to students needs and topics are out of date and boring .Also audio-visual materials, teachers’ guide and communicative tasks seems to be forgotten by writer. Therefore; all eighteen features except vocabulary lists, availability of glossary and lots of grammatical points have not been considered a lot. That is, students' interests have been ignored totally and little communicative issues have been regarded in these series. In fact, at end of this determined time students would be proficient at structural points with no efficiency at communication. These findings can be helpful for curriculum designers, textbook writers to design some valuable textbooks that are useful for teachers to teach language communicatively. Keywords: Junior High school, Evaluation, book series, criteria

  16. Stroke education using an animated cartoon and a manga for junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigehatake, Yuya; Yokota, Chiaki; Amano, Tatsuo; Tomii, Yasuhiro; Inoue, Yasuteru; Hagihara, Takaaki; Toyoda, Kazunori; Minematsu, Kazuo

    2014-07-01

    We investigated whether junior high school students could be educated regarding stroke with an animated cartoon and a Manga that we produced for the purpose of dissemination of this knowledge. We produced a 10-minute animated cartoon and a Manga that provided information regarding stroke risk factors, stroke signs and symptoms, and awareness to immediately contact emergent medical service (EMS) on identification of stroke signs and symptoms. From December 2011 to March 2012, 493 students in 15 classes of the first grade (age 12-13 years) of 3 junior high schools were enrolled in the study. Each subject watched the animated cartoon and read the Manga; this was referred to as "training." Lessons about stroke were not given. Questionnaires on stroke knowledge were evaluated at baseline, immediately after the training, and 3 months after the training. The proportion of correct answers given immediately after the training was higher for all questions, except those related to arrhythmia, compared with baseline. Percentage of correct answers given at 3 months was higher than that at baseline in questions related to facial palsy (75% versus 33%), speech disturbance (91% versus 60%), hemiplegia (79% versus 52%), numbness of 1 side (58% versus 51%), calling for EMS (90% versus 85%), alcohol intake (96% versus 72%), and smoking (69% versus 54%). At 3 months after the training, 56% of students answered the FAST (facial droop, arm weakness, speech disturbance, time to call for EMS) mnemonic correctly. Stroke education using these teaching aids of the animated cartoon and the Manga improved stroke knowledge in junior high school students. Copyright © 2014 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Prevalence of temporomandibular disorders among junior high school students who play wind instruments

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    Eriko Yasuda

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study investigated whether playing wind instruments has adverse effects on musculoskeletal functions among junior high school students who play in music clubs. Material and Methods: The study included 210 junior high school students (35 boys, 175 girls belonging to 1 of 4 different school clubs that practiced playing wind instruments more than 6 days/week. The mean age of the participants was 14 years. The study was performed using a questionnaire survey and an electromyographic examination of jaw and cervical muscle activities during playing wind instruments. Results: The prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD among the children playing woodwind (WW or brass wind (BW instruments was higher than in those playing non-wind (NW instruments. Long duration of playing WW with a reed mouthpiece or BW with a small mouthpiece was suggested to affect the incidence of TMD, which was more marked in girls than in boys, irrespective of height or weight. Muscle activity in the masseter muscle during playing an instrument was significantly higher in the BW with a small mouthpiece group than in the NW group (p < 0.05. In cervical muscles, muscle activity of both the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles was higher during playing BW than in the case of other instruments, and activity in the sternocleidomastoid muscle was significantly higher in the BW with a small mouthpiece group than in the case of other instrument groups (p < 0.05. Conclusions: Playing wind instruments may have adverse effects on musculoskeletal functions among junior high school students playing in music clubs as compared with playing NW instruments. The prevalence of TMD among the students playing wind instruments was higher than in those playing other instruments. Long duration of playing those instruments affects musculoskeletal function, and this effect is more marked in girls than in boys, irrespective of height or weight.

  18. Life-style and drug involvement among youths in an inner city junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dembo, R; Schmeidler, J; Burgos, W

    1980-02-01

    Data gathered in a winter 1976 survey of youths attending a New York City junior high school were analyzed to learn how features of their life-styles related to their involvement with drugs. The results indicate that the youths' substance use is an environmentally related phenomenon. The factors of peer-held esteem of drug using, gang involved persons, friends' use of alcohol and marijuana, and participation in spare-time activities of a drug/street culture nature were found to provide important insights into the youths' drug taking.

  19. THE MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN AR RAIHAN BANDAR LAMPUNG JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

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    Betti Nuraini

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This case study portrays the human resources development management in Junior High School Ar Raihan Bandar Lampung. It was designed into five stages, i.e. planning, designing (determining, collecting data, analyzing data, and drawing conclusion. The study found that (1 the selection process the teachers’, librarians’ and laboratory personnels’ recruitment was nil; (2 the recruitment gave priority only to teachers, counselors, and administrative staff;; (3 the employment of librarians and laboratory assistants becomes a second priority compared to teachers, counselors, and administrative staff; (5 the school gave an equal renumeration to the teachers and the education personnel; (6 the focus of human development was on teachers.

  20. Iranian New Junior High School Book (Prospect 1 Weighted against Material Evaluation Checklist from Teachers' Perspective

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    Touran Ahour

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the new version of Iranian EFL junior high school textbook (Prospect1 from the teachers’ perspectives. The participants included90experienced English teachers (42 females and 48 males randomly selected from different junior high schools in different districts of Gilan province, Iran. The evaluation of the textbook was conducted quantitatively through a 5-point Likert scale with seven criteria including subject and content, activities, skills, physical layout, practical consideration, language and general criteria. However, it was accompanied by some open-ended questions that solicited teachers' views about each criterion and the book in general. The descriptive statistics including standard deviation, mean, percentage and frequency were used in the data analysis.The findings revealed that teachers have positive perceptions toward this book.They had a positive view about the prospect1 because of its content and topic relevancy to learners' needs, including real life situations, enjoying challenging subject, having communicative pair and group works and attending to four skills equally. However, they intensified some problems in their open ended questions such as insufficiency of teaching time that is 1.5 hour during a week, not focusing on explicit presentation of some words and grammatical points and not paying attention to some sub-skill strategies. These findings can be helpful for curriculum designers and textbook writers to design some valuable textbooks for other levels and to consider correspondence between time of teaching and volume of the book.

  1. [Reading ability of junior high school students in relation to self-evaluation and depression].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Toshiya; Hayashi, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    Guidelines for the diagnosis of reading disorders in elementary school students were published recently in Japan. On the basis of these guidelines, we administrated reading test batteries to 43 Japanese junior high-school students from grade two. The reading test consisted of single sounds, single words, and single sentences. We evaluated the reading speed and the number of reading errors made by the test takers; their performance was compared with the normal value for elementary school students in grade six, as stated in the guidelines. The reading ability of the junior high-school students was not higher than that of the elementary school students. Seven students (16.3%) were found to have reading difficulties (RD group) and they met the criterion for diagnosis of reading disorder as per the guidelines. Three students had difficulties in reading single sounds and single words, but they faced no problems when reading single sentences. It was supposed that the strategies used by the students for reading sentences may have differed from those used for reading single sounds or single words. No significant differences were found between the RD and non-RD group students on scores of scholastic self-evaluation, self-esteem, and depressive symptoms. Therefore, reading difficulty did not directly influence the level of self-evaluation or depression.

  2. Zambian pre-service junior high school science teachers' chemical reasoning and ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Asiana

    The purpose of this study was two-fold: examine junior high school pre-service science teachers' chemical reasoning; and establish the extent to which the pre-service science teachers' chemical abilities explain their chemical reasoning. A sample comprised 165 junior high school pre-service science teachers at Mufulira College of Education in Zambia. There were 82 males and 83 females. Data were collected using a Chemical Concept Reasoning Test (CCRT). Pre-service science teachers' chemical reasoning was established through qualitative analysis of their responses to test items. The Rasch Model was used to determine the pre-service teachers' chemical abilities and item difficulty. Results show that most pre-service science teachers had incorrect chemical reasoning on chemical concepts assessed in this study. There was no significant difference in chemical understanding between the Full-Time and Distance Education pre-service science teachers, and between second and third year pre-service science teachers. However, there was a significant difference in chemical understanding between male and female pre-service science teachers. Male pre-service science teachers showed better chemical understanding than female pre-service science teachers. The Rasch model revealed that the pre-service science teachers had low chemical abilities, and the CCRT was very difficult for this group of pre-service science teachers. As such, their incorrect chemical reasoning was attributed to their low chemical abilities. These results have implications on science teacher education, chemistry teaching and learning, and chemical education research.

  3. Logical Reasoning Abilities of Junior High School Students in the Province of Cotabato, Philippines

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    Paul John B. Ongcoy

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Reasoning abilities of the learners and its development was well-discussed in the world of education. The higher the ability of the person to reason abstractly, the higher the probability that a person will effectively function in the society. Thus, it is the main goal of the K-12 Curriculum of the Department of Education to improve the reasoning abilities and formal reasoning among students in the country. The higher the reasoning ability of a person, the more productive he is. The ability of logical reasoning has an essential function in the academic performance of students and their construction of the concepts. This study aimed to determine the logical reasoning abilities of 150 randomly selected junior high school students. Specifically, this study aimed to determine the logical reasoning abilities namely combinatorial reasoning, controlling variables, correlation reasoning, probabilistic reasoning and proportional reasoning among the grade 10 junior high school students and determine whether there is a significant difference in students’ logical reasoning abilities according to their gender. The respondents answered the Test of Logical Thinking (TOLT. Thirty respondents were interviewed to verify their answers. The findings of the study led to the following conclusions: most students correctly answered problems in probabilistic reasoning and least number of students correctly answered problems in proportional reasoning and combinatorial reasoning and, male and female respondents have equal performances in problems pertaining to combinatorial reasoning, controlling variables, correlational reasoning and probabilistic reasoning but female respondents are better in proportional reasoning than the male respondents.

  4. Factors Affecting the Communities Low Interest to State Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Andri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Rendahnya Minat Masyarakat terhadap SMP Negeri Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the factors that affect the low interest Tiong Keranjik villagers to SMP Negeri 3 Belimbing Hulu. The research method uses a quantitative approach, analysis of data using exploratory factor analysis and descriptive analysis. The result was the discovery of five influential factors are: situation school factor, the principal, the attention, the schools, and discipline. The most dominant factor affecting low public interest in the Junior High School is a situation school factor. Key Words: interest, community, Tiong Keranjik, junior high school   Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi rendahnya minat masyarakat Tiong Keranjik terhadap SMP Negeri 3 Belimbing Hulu. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif, analisis data menggunakan analisis faktor eksploratori dan analisis deskriptif. Hasilnya adalah ditemukannya lima faktor yang berpengaruh yaitu: faktor keadaan sekolah, kepala sekolah, perhatian, letak sekolah, dan kedisiplinan. Faktor yang paling dominan mempengaruhi rendahnya minat masyarakat terhadap SMP Negeri adalah faktor keadaan sekolah. Kata kunci: minat, masyarakat, Tiong Keranjik, SMP

  5. Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan

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    Yoshii Hatsumi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stigma toward schizophrenia is a substantial barrier to accessing care and adhering to treatment. Provisions to combat stigma are important, but in Japan and other developed countries there are few such provisions in place that target parents of adolescents. The attitudes of parents are important to address as first schizophrenic episodes typically occur in adolescence. In overall efforts to develop an education program and provisions against stigma, here we examined the relationship between stigma toward schizophrenia and demographic characteristics of parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan. The specific hypothesis tested was that contact and communication with a person with schizophrenia would be important to reducing stigma. A questionnaire inquiring about respondent characteristics and which included a survey on stigma toward schizophrenia was completed by 2690 parents. Results The demographic characteristics significantly associated with the Devaluation- Discrimination Measure were family income, occupation, presence of a neighbor with schizophrenia, and participation in welfare activities for people with mental illness (p Conclusions Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students was in fact significantly stronger among members of the general public who had had contact with individuals with schizophrenia. In addition, stigma was associated with family income.

  6. STAD AS A STRATEGY OF TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

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    Fitri Ferina

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This research investigated whether there was a significant difference on students’ achievement in reading comprehension taught using STAD and lecture method. The sample was the eighth-graders of SMPN 3 Banjarmasin. A quasi-experimental design was employed in this research. The experimental group was taught using STAD while control group was taught using lecture method. A reading comprehension test as the instrument of collecting data was administered for both groups. Based on the research result using t-test, it was found that the t value was higher than t-table (2.39315 > 2.00 which means that there is a significant difference of achievement between the experimental group and control group. From these findings it can be interpreted that the use of STAD is more effective than lecture method in teaching reading comprehension for junior high school students. It is suggested for English teachers in Junior High School to use STAD in teaching reading since it is useful in improving students’ reading comprehension achievement.

  7. MATHEMATICAL UNDERSTANDING AND REPRESENTATION ABILITY OF PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN NORTH SUMATRA

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    Ani Minarni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the result of first phase of the research about the development of students’ mathematical understanding and representation ability through Joyful Problem-based Learning (JPBL at Public Junior High School in North Sumatera, Indonesia. The population is all of the students of public junior high school (PJHS in North Sumatera. Samples choose based on stratified random sampling. The samples are the students of PJHS 27 Medan, PJHS 1 Percut Sei Tuan, PJHS 1 Tebing Tinggi, and PJHS 2 Pematangsiantar. The techniques used for collecting data is observation, interview, and essay test. The research findings: (1 Based on interview and observation found that conventional approach still use in all of the class of PJHS; The students engagement in learning activity is very low as well as students self-regulated learning; Most of the students do not attain minimal mastery achievement, (2 Based on essay test found that achievement of the students in mathematical understanding and representation test is categories low.

  8. SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM. JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL, GRADE 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LIBBER, THEODORE; PENN, JOSEPH E.

    IN GRADE 9, ANCIENT HISTORY IS STUDIED DURING THE FIRST SEMESTER, FOLLOWED BY MEDIEVAL HISTORY THE SECOND SEMESTER. IT IS HOPED THAT MOST STUDENTS WILL CONTINUE THEIR HISTORY STUDY IN THE 10TH GRADE WITH MODERN HISTORY, BASED UPON THE CULTURAL CONCEPTS PRESENTED IN THE 9TH GRADE. GEOGRAPHY AND CIVICS ARE OFFERED AS ONE-SEMESTER ELECTIVES IN 9TH…

  9. What Images Reveal: a Comparative Study of Science Images between Australian and Taiwanese Junior High School Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Yun-Ping; Unsworth, Len; Wang, Kuo-Hua; Chang, Huey-Por

    2017-07-01

    From a social semiotic perspective, image designs in science textbooks are inevitably influenced by the sociocultural context in which the books are produced. The learning environments of Australia and Taiwan vary greatly. Drawing on social semiotics and cognitive science, this study compares classificational images in Australian and Taiwanese junior high school science textbooks. Classificational images are important kinds of images, which can represent taxonomic relations among objects as reported by Kress and van Leeuwen (Reading images: the grammar of visual design, 2006). An analysis of the images from sample chapters in Australian and Taiwanese high school science textbooks showed that the majority of the Taiwanese images are covert taxonomies, which represent hierarchical relations implicitly. In contrast, Australian classificational images included diversified designs, but particularly types with a tree structure which depicted overt taxonomies, explicitly representing hierarchical super-ordinate and subordinate relations. Many of the Taiwanese images are reminiscent of the specimen images in eighteenth century science texts representing "what truly is", while more Australian images emphasize structural objectivity. Moreover, Australian images support cognitive functions which facilitate reading comprehension. The relationships between image designs and learning environments are discussed and implications for textbook research and design are addressed.

  10. The Analysis of Learning Objectives in Iranian Junior High School English Text books based on Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

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    Ayoub Rahpeyma

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to evaluate the Iranian junior high school English text books according to learning objectives of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (2001 to find which learning levels of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy were more common in these text books. The primary data in this study came from the newly published English text book, English for Schools series consisting of two three-volume series named Prospect 1, 2 and English book grade three named Right Path to English. Therefore, the data sources were junior high school English text books contents. This study is important as these course books are the first English text books that have been prescribed for Iranian junior high school students to study from 2014. To fulfill the purpose of this study, the contents of junior high school English text books were codified by a coding scheme of BRT. The data were then analyzed; at the first step the frequency and percentage of occurrence of different learning objectives from each book was separately considered and then the average of the whole books were calculated. Results from the codification of 439 tasks and exercises indicated that in three grades, the first three low levels in BRT were the most prevalent than higher learning levels in Iranian junior high school English text books. In addition an important difference was found among the text books in their inclusion of different levels of learning objectives of two dimensions of BRT (knowledge and cognitive. This study can provide useful information for text book development, curriculum writers, and syllabus designers to boost English learning in the EFL setting of Iran. Keywords: Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, Junior high school English text books, Text book

  11. Junior High School Mathematics Exercise Teaching%初中数学习题教学探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨传松

    2014-01-01

    随着我国教育改革的不断深入,习题教学已成为初中数学教学的重要课题,因此在初中数学的课堂教学过程中,必须重视对数学习题的教学。本文主要分析了初中数学习题教学的重要性,以及初中数学习题教学中普遍存在的错题类型,再根据笔者的教学经验,总结出了初中数学习题教学的实践策略,以期教师能够在初中数学教学中合理地把握习题教学,提高学生的数学成绩,从而提升数学教学的整体效率。%With the deepening of China's education reform, teaching exercises has become an important topic of teaching junior high school math, so the junior high school mathematics classroom teaching process, we must attach importance to the teaching of mathematics exercises. This paper analyzes the importance of teaching junior high school mathematics exercises, and the wrong question type in teaching junior high school mathematics prevalent, according to the author's teaching exper-ience, summed up the practical exercises junior high school mathematics teaching strategies in order to be able to junior high school mathematics teachers teaching reasonable assurance exercises in teaching to enhance students' math scores, thereby enhancing the overall efficiency of mathematics teaching.

  12. Research on existing problems and solving strategies——of English listening teaching in junior high school-taking a Nanchang high school as the example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万小妹

    2016-01-01

    In this article,we have made a deep research on existing problems and solving strategies of English listening teaching in junior high school,the goal of which is to improve the English listening teaching in the future.

  13. The impact of shift patterns on junior doctors' perceptions of fatigue, training, work/life balance and the role of social support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, M; Tucker, P; Rapport, F; Hutchings, H; Dahlgren, A; Davies, G; Ebden, P

    2010-12-01

    The organisation of junior doctors' work hours has been radically altered following the partial implementation of the European Working Time Directive. Poorly designed shift schedules cause excessive disruption to shift workers' circadian rhythms. Interviews and focus groups were used to explore perceptions among junior doctors and hospital managers regarding the impact of the European Working Time Directive on patient care and doctors' well-being. Four main themes were identified. Under "Doctors shift rotas", doctors deliberated the merits and demerits of working seven nights in row. They also discussed the impact on fatigue of long sequences of day shifts. "Education and training" focused on concerns about reduced on-the-job learning opportunities under the new working time arrangements and also about the difficulties of finding time and energy to study. "Work/life balance" reflected the conflict between the positive aspects of working on-call or at night and the impact on life outside work. "Social support structures" focused on the role of morale and team spirit. Good support structures in the work place counteracted and compensated for the effects of negative role stressors, and arduous and unsocial work schedules. The impact of junior doctors' work schedules is influenced by the nature of specific shift sequences, educational considerations, issues of work/life balance and by social support systems. Poorly designed shift rotas can have negative impacts on junior doctors' professional performance and educational training, with implications for clinical practice, patient care and the welfare of junior doctors.

  14. Defending behaviors, bullying roles, and their associations with mental health in junior high school students: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wen-Chi; Luu, Shyuemeng; Luh, Dih-Ling

    2016-10-10

    Students should be encouraged to help prevent or stop bullying. However, defending victims of bullying can impact on mental health. It is not only bystanders who may defend victims, but bullies, victims and bully-victims can also have defending behaviors. Nevertheless, most studies of defending behaviors have been limited to an examination of the reactions of bystanders or those not involved in bullying and have ignored the other players. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between defending behaviors and mental health among bullies, victims, bully-victims and bystanders. Associations among defending behaviors, mental health (including depressive symptoms and social anxiety), and bullying experiences were cross-sectionally examined in 3441 students (13-15 years old.) from 20 randomly selected junior high schools in Taiwan using a self-report questionnaire. SAS 9.3 Survey Analysis procedures were used to conduct descriptive analysis and multiple regression models. Defending behaviors were associated with bullying roles and were higher in victims than in bullies or bystanders. Defending behaviors were positively associated with social anxiety and depressive symptoms. After stratifying by bullying roles, defending behaviors were positively associated with social anxiety in bystanders, and were positively associated with depressive symptoms in victims and bystanders. However, defending behaviors were not significantly associated with mental health indicators in bullies. The associations between defending behaviors and mental health varied according to bullying roles. The results suggest that bystanders and victims experience more mental health effects than bullies. Intervention programs aimed at preventing bullying should focus on strategies that minimize social anxiety and depression in victims and bystanders, and urge students to help vulnerable peers during bullying events.

  15. A Web-Based Peer-Assessment Approach to Improving Junior High School Students' Performance, Self-Efficacy and Motivation in Performing Arts Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsia, Lu-Ho; Huang, Iwen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, a web-based peer-assessment approach is proposed for conducting performing arts activities. A peer-assessment system was implemented and applied to a junior high school performing arts course to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. A total of 163 junior high students were assigned to an experimental group and a…

  16. The Relationship between the Quality of Teachers and Pupils Academic Performance in the STMA Junior High Schools of the Western Region of Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonney, Ebenezer Appah; Amoah, Daniel F.; Micah, Sophia A.; Ahiamenyo, Comfort; Lemaire, Margaret B.

    2015-01-01

    The study investigated into the relationship between the quality of teachers and students' academic performance in Sekondi Takoradi Metropolitan Assembly (STMA) Junior High Schools. Descriptive survey design was used and the target population was Junior High School teachers and pupils in the metropolis. Five educational circuits in the metropolis…

  17. The Status of Preventive Behaviors in Traffic Accidents in Junior High School Students in Isfahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, Leila; Tavazohi, Hossein; Shirdavani, Soheila; Heidari, Kamal; Nobari, Reza Fadaei; Kelishadi, Roya; Yalverdi, Narges

    2014-01-01

    Background: Population growth and use of the car in daily life entails new incidents and accidents everyday. Adolescents’ entering the new world of adults, their insufficient knowledge of rules, and high-risk behaviors expose them to more risks. Accordingly, a study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the status of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents in boy and girl junior high school students in Isfahan regarding vehicle use. Methods: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 7000 junior high school boy and girl students from 20 towns in Isfahan Province using multi-stage cluster sampling method in 2009–2010. A researcher-made questionnaire was used as data collection tool, which evaluated students’ practice and preventive behaviors with 21 questions, each examining students’ practice in accidents and incidents that may occur in school and on the way to school. Data were analyzed with Epi 6 and SPSS software using t-test and Chi-square test. Results: Girls comprised 49.9% of students and 50.1% were boys, 84% lived in urban areas and 15.5% in rural areas. The frequency of an accident location was school in 53.9% with 3739 cases and on the way to school in 10.6% with 732 cases. Mean practice score of preventive behaviors in traffic accidents involving cars, taxi, and school bus (72.6 ± 17.52 girls, 72.7 ± 18.31 boys, P = 0.88), motorbike (79.1 ± 14.048 girls, 74.1 ± 19.73 boys, P traffic rules training, particularly how to cross the street. PMID:26157568

  18. TEACHERS’ STRATEGY IN IMPLEMENTING ENGLISH CURRICULUM IN A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raden Intansari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study is a part of a bigger study investigating teachers’ personal theories (beliefs regarding English teaching and learning. Involving forty-two English teachers of fifteen Junior High Schools in the city of Sukabumi, West Java, this cross-sectional survey study used data gained from an open-ended questionnaire. A total of 3696 raw data items were gathered and analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Relevant findings regarding the implementation of the curriculum in the daily process of English teaching and learning show that there are gaps between the mandated curriculum as stipulated by the government and the implemented curriculum at the classroom level. This departure from the mandated curriculum, in turn, diverts the course of curriculum implementation and leads to a level of accomplishment of the main goals of the English teaching and learning, which is different from what is stated in the mandated curriculum.

  19. ANALYSIS OF BARRIERS IN LISTENING COMPREHENSION AMONG JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setia Muljanto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper identifies barriers and difficulties in listening comprehension faced by junior high school students. The research questions were what barriers did students encounter and how did they used strategies to overcome those barriers. This study used a qualitative method and was a case study involving 40 students and one English teacher. The data were obtained by ways of conducting a test of listening taken from TOEIC test. The tests indicated that the results scores were not quite satisfactory. This is primarily caused by speech delivery of the native speaker which was too fast. This means that students faced listening barriers especially in processing information. The data also indicated that students were also nervous when doing the test as habitual barrier. Strategies used to overcome these barriers are by making students get used to listen and use English and making them familiar with certain contexts in real life.

  20. Analysis of junior high school students' difficulty in resolving rectangular conceptual problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utami, Aliksia Kristiana Dwi; Mardiyana, Pramudya, Ikrar

    2017-08-01

    Geometry is one part of the mathematics that must be learned in school and it has important effects on the development of creative thinking skills of learners, but in fact, there are some difficulties experienced by the students. This research focuses on analysis difficulty in resolving rectangular conceptual problems among junior high school students in every creative thinking skills level. This research used a descriptive method aimed to identify the difficulties and cause of the difficulties experienced by five students. The difficulties are associated with rectangular shapes and related problems. Data collection was done based on students' work through test, interview, and observations. The result revealed that student' difficulties in understanding the rectangular concept can be found at every creative thinking skills level. The difficulties are identifying the objects rectangular in the daily life except for a rectangle and square, analyzing the properties of rectangular shapes, and seeing the interrelationships between figures.

  1. Assessment practices in the English language classroom of Greek Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stavroula Vlanti

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to compare teacher and student perceptions concerning assessment in the English language classroom of Greek Junior High Schools. It focuses on exploring teacher assessment practices and students’ view of these. The degree of agreement between teacher and student views can affect the results of instruction and learning. The central finding of the study was that English language teachers follow an approach that keeps a balance between the requirements of the Cross-Thematic Curriculum (DEPPS for performance assessment and the official specifications which define final achievement tests. Students understand the purpose of assessment and the importance of attitudes towards learning and have a clear picture of methods and tasks used for their assessment. On the basis of these research findings, a series of suggestions about teachers and teacher trainers are put forward, focusing on teacher professional development, which, in turn, will promote student involvement and responsibility for learning.

  2. An outbreak of food-borne gastroenteritis due to sapovirus among junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usuku, Shuzo; Kumazaki, Makoto; Kitamura, Katsuhiko; Tochikubo, Osamu; Noguchi, Yuzo

    2008-11-01

    The human sapovirus (SaV) causes acute gastroenteritis mainly in infants and young children. A food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with SaV occurred among junior high school students in Yokohama, Japan, during and after a study trip. The nucleotide sequences of the partial capsid gene derived from the students exhibited 98% homology to a SaV genogroup IV strain, Hu/Angelholm/SW278/2004/SE, which was isolated from an adult with gastroenteritis in Solna, Sweden. An identical nucleotide sequence was detected from a food handler at the hotel restaurant, suggesting that the causative agent of the outbreak was transmitted from the food handler. This is the first description of a food-borne outbreak associated with the SaV genogroup IV strain in Japan.

  3. Sleep patterns and impulse control among Japanese junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Takeru; Hagihara, Akihito; Nobutomo, Koichi

    2010-10-01

    Adolescents with decreased impulse control exhibit behavioral problems. Lifestyles are related to impulse control. However, the relations of sleep patterns and impulse control among adolescents are unknown. Thus we examined how sleep patterns were associated with impulse control among Japanese junior high school students. Surveys were completed by a nationwide sample of 1934 students. A significant association between decreased impulse control and bedtimes after midnight was revealed. Specific lifestyle factors related to bedtimes after midnight were older age, greater numbers of hours spent watching television, lack of participation in an extracurricular activity, greater use of convenience stores, and increased attendance at cram schools. This study revealed that going to sleep after midnight was significantly related to decreased impulse control among adolescents. Data about specific lifestyle factors related to going to sleep after midnight should be useful in preventing those behaviors demonstrated by school children that derive from decreased impulse control.

  4. The high school "Junior Theme" as an adolescent rite of passage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, R

    1988-08-01

    This paper examines high school research projects as an adolescent transitional episode that demarks acquisition of a capacity for prolonged creative effort. Whereas tests of courage are important in many subsistence societies, in ours a valued quality of adulthood is the ability to think and act on one's own. Self-report data from 154 students working on a "Junior Theme" are employed to illustrate the psychological significance of this kind of "rite." The students report a range of emotional states that are well out of their normal school experience. Many go through a process of personal involvement and self-searching that resembles an identity quest. As a result of the project students feel they have acquired a new status, one that separates them from the uninitiated and puts them closer to the status and power of an autonomous adult.

  5. Helicobacter pylori infection and its related factors in junior high school students in Nagano Prefecture, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Yoshiko; Lin, Yingsong; Hongo, Minoru; Hidaka, Hiroya; Kikuchi, Shogo

    2017-04-01

    There have been few reports on Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in asymptomatic Japanese children and adolescents. We hypothesized that the prevalence of H. pylori infection is very low among Japanese children and that clinical variables such as serum pepsinogen and iron levels are associated with H. pylori infection. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a sample of 454 junior high school students aged 12-15 years in four areas in Nagano Prefecture. A commercial ELISA kit (E-plate Eiken H. pylori antibody) was used to measure IgG antibody against H. pylori. Serum pepsinogen and iron levels were also measured using standard methods. A urea breath test was performed for seropositive students. The overall prevalence of H. pylori was 3.1% (14/454). There were no significant differences in H. pylori prevalence among mountain, rural, and urban areas. The mean level of both serum pepsinogen (PG I) and PG II was significantly increased in the seropositive subjects compared with the seronegative subjects. When the cutoff values for adults (PG I: 70 ng/mL and PG I/II ratio: 3) were used, 4 of 14 subjects had PG I ≤70 ng/mL and PG I/II ratio ≤3. The results of a logistic regression analysis showed that low serum iron levels were significantly associated with H. pylori infection (P=.02). The prevalence of H. pylori infection is as low as 3% among junior high school students aged 12-15 years in Japan. The disappearance of H. pylori is accelerating in Japanese children. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Exploration on English Reading Teaching in Junior High Schools%初中英语阅读教学探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    那银

    2014-01-01

    阅读教学在初中英语教学中占据重要地位,是学生增长知识、提高技能的重要途径,对提高英语教学质量起着重要作用。但目前初中英语阅读教学的现状不容乐观,存在一些问题亟待改进。本文主要从分析初中英语阅读教学存在的问题入手,探讨初中英语阅读教学的策略。%Reading teaching occupies an important position in ju-nior high school English teaching, and it is an important way of increasing students' knowledge and improving their skills, so it plays an important role in improving the quality of English teach-ing. However, the current status of English reading teaching in junior high schools is not optimistic, and there are some problems urgently to be solved. Starting from analyzing the problems exist-ing in junior high school English reading teaching, this paper discusses the strategies of English reading teaching in junior high schools.

  7. Improving Classroom Management and Organization in Junior High Schools: An Experimental Investigation. R&D Report No. 6153.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    The Junior High Management Improvement Study involved two urban school districts in two southwestern cities during the 1981-82 school year. In this field experiment on classroom management, experimental group teachers (n=18) and control group teachers (n=20) in four content areas received a manual and attended two workshops at the beginning of the…

  8. Experienced Junior-High-School Teachers' PCK in Light of a Curriculum Change: "The Cell Is to Be Studied Longitudinally"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Rachel; Yarden, Anat

    2009-01-01

    In the new science and technology junior-high-school curriculum in Israel, it is recommended that the cell topic be taught "longitudinally in conjunction with other study contents". This recommendation confers a change in teaching the cell topic and provides an opportunity to form meaningful relationships between biological phenomena at…

  9. A Comparative Study of Effect of New and Old Science Curriculum on Chinese Junior High School Students' Abstract Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Weiping; Chen, Ming

    2008-01-01

    "Teenagers' abstract thinking ability test" was designed in accordance with the structure and performance of teenagers' ability to think abstractly. 138 Chinese junior high school students who learned New curriculum and old curriculum separately were measured. A comparison between the two kinds of students shows that abstract thinking…

  10. Students' Critical Mathematical Thinking Skills and Character: Experiments for Junior High School Students through Realistic Mathematics Education Culture-Based

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palinussa, Anderson L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a quasi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design and control group that aims to assess students' critical mathematical thinking skills and character through realistic mathematics education (RME) culture-based. Subjects of this study were 106 junior high school students from two low and medium schools level in…

  11. The Role of Neuroticism and Perceived School-Related Stress in Somatic Symptoms among Students in Norwegian Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murberg, Terje A.; Bru, Edvin

    2007-01-01

    The present study investigated the role of neuroticism and perceived school-related stress in somatic symptoms among a sample of 327 (167 females and 160 males) students in two Norwegian junior high schools. The results suggest that the role of neuroticism on somatic symptoms may be overestimated, and that the role of stress may be underestimated…

  12. School Variables as Mediators of Personal and Family Factors on School Violence in Taiwanese Junior High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ji-Kang; Astor, Ron Avi

    2012-01-01

    Using a nationally representative sample of 3,058 junior high school students in Taiwan, this study examines a model of how personal traits, family factors, and school dynamics influence school violence committed by students against students and teachers. This model proposed that school violence is directly influenced by personal traits,…

  13. The Study of Teacher Talk in EFL Class in Junior High School from the Perspective of Discourse Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Nan

    2014-01-01

    This paper selects the real classroom teaching of English teachers in junior high school as the study object to analyze the teacher talk from the perspective of discourse analysis and point out the problems that exist, based on which the strategies for improvement are presented.

  14. Study the Effectiveness of Technology-Enhanced Interactive Teaching Environment on Student Learning of Junior High School Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai-Ti; Wang, Tzu-Hua; Chiu, Mei-Hung

    2015-01-01

    This research investigates the effectiveness of integrating Interactive Whiteboard (IWB) into the junior high school biology teaching. This research adopts a quasi-experimental design and divides the participating students into the conventional ICT-integrated learning environment and IWB-integrated learning environment. Before teaching, students…

  15. The Role of WhatsApp in Teaching Vocabulary to Iranian EFL Learners at Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari, Sanaz; Chalak, Azizeh

    2016-01-01

    The availability and the use of mobile messaging applications are increasingly widespread among the new generation of students in Iran. The present study aimed to investigate the role of WhatsApp in the vocabulary learning improvement of Iranian junior high school EFL students. Using a mixed method design, a group of 60 students including 30 male…

  16. Promote Improvement in the Junior High School General Music Course-- A SAFE Approach. Maxi I Report, Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gourneau, Stella M.

    This document describes one phase of efforts to reorganize music curricula in the K-12 General Music program in Duval County, Florida. Following the Systems Approach for Education (SAFE) curriculum development model, a curriculum for the junior-high General Music course was designed, based on performance objectives. A teacher test booklet was…

  17. Correlates of Alcohol and Marijuana Use among Junior High School Students: Family, Peers, School Problems, and Psychosocial Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBroom, James R.

    1994-01-01

    Analyzes survey data from over 400 junior high school students in grades 7 and 8 to determine the relations among family drug use factors; peer drug use factors; school problems; psychosocial concerns; alcohol, marijuana, and other drug use; and abstinence. (SLD)

  18. Employing Microsoft Live@edu Cloud Platform to Assist in Teaching Chinese Reading for Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Ru-Chu; Cho, Chia-Liang; Tsai, Chih-Cheng; Lou, Shi-Jer

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate junior high school students' learning attitudes and learning effectiveness through administering Microsoft Live@edu to assist in teaching Chinese reading. Quasi-experimental approach was used and a total of 63 eighth grade students were divided into the experimental group (N = 32) and control group (N = 31).…

  19. A Small-Scale Survey of the Views and Attitudes of Junior High School Teachers in China toward Geographical Fieldwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Daihu; Wang, Ziying; Xu, Di; Deng, Zhenzhen

    2014-01-01

    Although geographical fieldwork can be viewed as an integral component of geographical education, it fell out of favor in Chinese secondary schools in the recent past. However, the new junior high school geography standards established in 2001 stress the importance of conducting geographical fieldwork for students' learning of geography. Now…

  20. Effect of Engineering Education by Science Classroom for High School, Junior High School and Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukita, Kazuto; Goto, Tokimasa; Mizuno, Katsunori; Nakano, Hiroyuki; Ichiyanagi, Katsuhiro; Goto, Yasuyuki; Mori, Tsuyoshi

    Recently the importance of Monozukuri (manufacturing) has been watched with keen interest as a social; problem, which has a relation with schoolchildren's decline of their academic standards, pointed out by the reports of PISA of OECD and TIMSS, etc., and their “losing interest in science” and “dislike of science”, some people worry about, which will lead to the decline of technology in the home industry, the top-class personnel shortage, and the decrease of economical power in this country in the future. In order to solve such a problem, science pavilions, universities, and academic societies of science and engineering etc. in various places hold “Monozukuiri Classrooms” or “Science Classrooms”. We can say that various activities which try to hold off “losing interest in science” and “dislike of science.” in the whole society. Under such a situation, Aichi Institute of Technology (AIT) to which we belong, also tries to contribute to the activity of solving the problem, and holds various engineering education lectures which intend for elementary, junior high school and senior high school students. AIT has held “The Whole Experience World” which tries to bring up a talented person who has a dream and hope towards science and technology, grows his/her originality, intellectual curiosity and spirit of inquiry, and supports the nation based on science and technology in the summer vacation since 2001. This paper reports the result of a questionnaire about what kind of the long-term learning effect on the children who participated in “The Whole Experience World” and “Boys and Girls Robot Lectures”. As the conclusion of the study, we can say that the lectures could give the participants who were interested in science and technology more interest. And we could give them the idea of what the study of science and technology is. As a result, we could contribute to the participants' decision of the courses' selection in life.

  1. Experience-oriented tobacco-use prevention lecture using a COPD-simulation mask for junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iizuka, Makito; Tomita, Kazuhide; Takeshima, Reiko

    2015-04-01

    We recently developed a mask that simulates the experience of having one of the major diseases caused by tobacco smoking: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here we examined the effects of a tobacco-use prevention lecture accompanied by a pseudo-COPD experience created with this mask on adolescents' attitude toward smoking. Junior high school students (12-13 years old, n=165) in Japan were the subjects. The students attended a 30-min tobacco-use prevention lecture with slides and movie clips and engaged in a light exercise session wearing the COPD-simulation mask for 15min. Before and after the lecture, the students' attitudes toward smoking were evaluated by the Kano test for social nicotine dependence (KTSND). The total KTSND scores decreased significantly from 9.9±4.4 (mean±SD, n=149) to 7.5±5.3 (n=144). Ninety-eight students wore the COPD mask, and their modified Borg scale scores increased significantly from 0.7±1.0 to 3.2±2.1 after exercise (Plecture with the pseudo-COPD experience created by the simulation mask was effective and safe.

  2. INTEGRATIVE MOTIVATION OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN LEARNING ENGLISH IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ogik Adhiarto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research article deals with motivation of children aged 11-12 years old, as they begin formal study of English in an urban junior high school. The research used closed and open questionnaire items, backed up by class observations and interviews with a selected group of learners. The results indicates that very high levels of motivation to learn the language were found throughout the cohort, including both integrative and instrumental orientations, but these two traditionally distinct constructs were found to be almost indistinguishable. It is argued that as English loses its association with par- ticular Anglophone cultures and is instead identified with the powerful forces of globalization, the desire to ‘integrate’ loses its explanatory power in many EFL contexts. Individuals may aspire towards a ‘bicultural’ identity which incorporates an English- speaking globally-involved version of themselves in addition to their local L1-speaking self. It is speculated that changes in individuals’ motivation to learn the language may therefore be partly explained by reference to ongoing processes of identification, especially during the formative years of adolescence.

  3. Teacher Overinvolvement and Student Depression among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fen Fen Huang

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines depression in students at public high schools in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to examine which student-level and teacher-level variables affect student depression due to teacher emotional overinvolvement and other factors. A survey instrument adapted and translated from existing surveys was distributed to 1,479 Taiwanese adolescents aged 13—15 years and 172 teachers from 10 public junior high schools in the city of Taipei. The hierarchical linear model (HLM was used for a cross-level analysis of the data. The HLM shows that student-level measures account for most of the variance. Teacher emotional overinvolvement and core self-evaluations are the preponderant influences on student ratings. In terms of teacher-level variables, the effects of teacher involvement, teacher depression, and teacher educational background on student-level variables are strong and significant. The findings of this study recommend the development of a comprehensive counseling system for teachers and students.

  4. The Development of Cooperative Learning Model Based on Local Wisdom of Bali for Physical Education, Sport and Health Subject in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoda, I. K.

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop a cooperative learning model based on local wisdom (PKBKL) of Bali (Tri Pramana’s concept), for physical education, sport, and health learning in VII grade of Junior High School in Singaraja-Buleleng Bali. This research is the development research of the development design chosen refers to the development proposed by Dick and Carey. The development of model and learning devices was conducted through four stages, namely: (1) identification and needs analysis stage (2) the development of design and draft of PKBKL and RPP models, (3) testing stage (expert review, try out, and implementation). Small group try out was conducted on VII-3 grade of Undiksha Laboratory Junior High School in the academic year 2013/2014, large group try out was conducted on VIIb of Santo Paulus Junior High School Singaraja in the academic year 2014/2015, and the implementation of the model was conducted on three (3) schools namely SMPN 2 Singaraja, SMPN 3 Singaraja, and Undiksha laboratory Junior High School in the academic year 2014/2015. Data were collected using documentation, testing, non-testing, questionnaire, and observation. The data were analyzed descriptively. The findings of this research indicate that: (1) PKBKL model has met the criteria of the operation of a learning model namely: syntax, social system, principles of reaction, support system, as well as instructional and nurturing effects, (2) PKBKL model is a valid, practical, and effective model, (3) the practicality of the learning devices (RPP), is at the high category. Based on the research results, there are two things recommended: (1) in order that learning stages (syntax) of PKBKL model can be performed well, then teachers need to have an understanding of the cooperative learning model of Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) type and the concepts of scientifically approach well, (2) PKBKL model can be performed well on physical education, sport and health learning, if the

  5. An Approach to Energy Education for High School, Junior High School and Elementary School Students at Aichi Institute of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yukita, Kazuto; Ichiyanagi, Katsuhiro; Mori, Tsuyoshi; Goto, Yasuyuki

    This paper discusses the methods of implementation and improvement adopted in the energy education program of “Marugoto Taiken World” (“Total Experience World”) at Aichi Institute of Technology. The program, which is aimed at high school, junior high school and elementary school students, has been carried on at Aichi Institute of Technology for a number of years now, and the authors have been involved in the energy education project for the past four years. During that time, the following four courses have been held : 1) Let's use wind power to generate electricity, 2) Let's use flowers to build a solar battery, 3) Let's use bottles to build a fuel cell battery, 4) Let's make all sorts of batteries.

  6. IMPLEMENTATION OF FREE EDUCATION IN RELATION TO SCHOOL MANAGEMENT AT PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 5 DENPASAR

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    I Made Gede Putra Wijaya

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study was intended to understand and deconstruct the ideology and reality hidden in the implementation of free education especially at Public Junior High School (SMPN 5 Denpasar. The ideology appeared from the capitalistic world where a decision was made by the government to make education free of charge. Further, such a decision was issued when the general elections for the legislators and president were about to be held in 2009. It was this which inspired the writer to deconstruct the ideology and reality hidden in the decision made by the government to make education free of charge. The approach of cultural studies was employed in the present study. The informants were chosen using snow-ball technique, meaning that the longer the informants were determined, the more were involved. The data were collected using three techniques; they were observation, in-depth interview, and documentary study. Then the data collected were descriptively and qualitatively analyzed. The result of the study showed that there was an ideology hidden in the policy made to make education free, that is, an attempt to attract people in such a way that they, through the elections for legislators and president held in 2009, would support those who were in the political superstructure. Consequently, their state of being established could be maintained. In addition, such a policy was made as part of the politics of image as an attempt to maintain the status quo.

  7. Usability Testing Analysis on The Bana Game as Education Game Design References on Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Adnan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Learning media is one of the important elements in the learning process. Technological development support makes learning media more varied. The approach of using digital technology as a learning media has a better and more effective impact than other approaches. In order to increase the students’ learning interest, it requires the support of an interesting learning media. The use of gaming applications as learning media can improve learning outcomes. The benefits of using the maximum application cannot be separated from the determination of application design. The Bana game aims to increase the ability of critical thinking of the junior high school students. The usability-testing analysis on the Bana game application is used in order to get the design reference as an educational game development. The game is used as an object of the analysis because it has the same characteristics and goals with the game application to be developed. Usability Testing is a method used to measure the ease of use of an application by users. The Usability Testing consists of learnability, efficiency, memorability, errors, and satisfaction. The results of the analysis obtained will be used as a reference for educational game applications that will be developed.

  8. Developing Science Process Skills and Problem Solving Abilities Based on Outdoor Learning in Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Wahyuni

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop science process skills and problem-solving abilities based on outdoor learning in junior high school. This study uses a mixed method design embedded experimental models. Data was performed in the qualitative and quantitative analysis. Qualitative data analysis is used to determine the science process skills while quantitative data analysis is used to determine the increasing problem-solving ability by using normalized gain (N gain formula. The results show that the science process skills developed at every phase comprise of making observations, formulating hypotheses, experiment, create data, classify and analyze the data, formulating its conclusions, communicate, and apply the concepts and make predictions obtained by the average value of 75.33 in the good category. While the problem-solving ability of students based on outdoor learning also increased by 0.58 in the medium category. The conclusions of this research show that the application of outdoor learning can be teacher use as an alternative to learning, so it is quite effective in developing science process skills and problem-solving abilities.

  9. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its correlating lifestyle factors in Japanese female junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazama, Mie; Maruyama, Keiko; Nakamura, Kazutoshi

    2015-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is a common menstrual disorder experienced by adolescents, and its major symptoms, including pain, adversely affect daily life and school performance. However, little epidemiologic evidence on dysmenorrhea in Japanese adolescents exists. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of and identify factors associated with dysmenorrhea in Japanese female junior high school students. Among 1,167 girls aged between 12 and 15 years, 1,018 participants completed a questionnaire that solicited information on age at menarche, menstruation, and lifestyle, as well as demographic characteristics. Dysmenorrhea was defined based on menstrual pain using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), with moderate or severe (moderate-severe) dysmenorrhea, which adversely affects daily life, defined as VAS ≥ 4, and severe dysmenorrhea defined as VAS ≥ 7. The prevalence of moderate-severe dysmenorrhea was 476/1,018 (46.8%), and that of severe dysmenorrhea was 180/1,018 (17.7%). Higher chronological and gynecological ages (years after menarche) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of dysmenorrhea regardless of severity (P for trend students. Health education teachers should be made aware of these facts, and appropriately care for those suffering from dysmenorrhea symptoms, absentees, and those experiencing difficulties in school life due to dysmenorrhea symptoms.

  10. Analysis of junior high school students' attempt to solve a linear inequality problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taqiyuddin, Muhammad; Sumiaty, Encum; Jupri, Al

    2017-08-01

    Linear inequality is one of fundamental subjects within junior high school mathematics curricula. Several studies have been conducted to asses students' perform on linear inequality. However, it can hardly be found that linear inequality problems are in the form of "ax + b interviews. The other sources of the data are from teachers' interview and mathematics books used by students. After that, the constant comparative method was used to analyse the data. The result shows that the majority approached the question by doing algebraic operations. Interestingly, most of them did it incorrectly. In contrast, algebraic operations were correctly used by some of them. Moreover, the others performed expected-numbers solution, rewriting the question, translating the inequality into words, and blank answer. Furthermore, we found that there is no one who was conscious of the existence of all-numbers solution. It was found that this condition is reasonably due to how little the learning components concern about why a procedure of solving a linear inequality works and possibilities of linear inequality solution.

  11. Junior High School Students' Ideas about the Shape and Size of the Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2012-08-01

    The concept of the atom is one of the building blocks of science education. Although the concept is a foundation for students' subsequent learning experiences, it is difficult for students to comprehend because of common misconceptions and its abstractness. The purpose of this study is to examine junior high school students' (ages 12-13) ideas about the shape and size of the atom and the evolution of these ideas over 2 years. The study's sample size was 126 students, including 76 sixth-grade and 50 seventh-grade students. The educational curriculum and relevant literature guided the development of a questionnaire that consisted of three open-ended questions intended to determine students' knowledge of the structure and physical properties of the atom. After administering the questionnaire, collected data were analysed qualitatively. The study shows that students had difficulty developing a mental image of the atom, and contrary to the conclusions of other studies, students demonstrated a preference for working with complex and abstract models.

  12. Inductive-Deductive Approach to Improve Mathematical Problem Solving for Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmah, Mariam Ar

    2017-02-01

    This research is experimental quantitative about quasi experiment that emphasize on improve mathematical understanding and problem solving for Junior High School students by inductive-deductive implementation. The population of this research are all of students at IX degree students in Subang 2012/2013. Two of nine classes were chosen as sample for this research. The topic which used is probability including random occurrence, basics of chance, relative frequency, calculation of probability, determining the value of probability, the expected frequency and the combined odds of two events. The instrument that was used are test and non-test. Mathematical understanding and problem solving were used as a test methods. Meanwhile questionnaire, and observation sheet were used as non-test methods. The data was analyzed by Mann-Whitney and t-test. According to whole analyze in this research, can be concluded: 1) the student improvement of mathematical understanding by using inductive-deductive approach is in middle quality, 2) there is no significant difference at improvement mathematical understanding between experimental class and control class, 3) the improvement of student’s ability in mathematical problem solving that use inductive-deductive approach has a low quality, 4) there is no significant difference at mathematical problem solving between experimental class and control class, 5) most of students has positive responses to mathematic learning by inductive-deductive approach, although the students have many problems when learning takes place.

  13. Evaluating the relationship between breakfast pattern and short-term memory in junior high school girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, A; Sohrabi, Z; Eftekhari, M H

    2009-05-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between breakfast pattern and short-term memory in guidance-school students. Memory improves for subjects who have eaten breakfast. It appears that breakfast consumption influences cognition via several mechanisms. What children eat for breakfast before going to school is very important. A total of 150 junior high school girls were taken from a subject pool in four schools in Shiraz (capital of the Fars Province in Iran). They filled out the socio-economic questionnaires as well as food frequency questionnaires for breakfast and provided two-three day breakfast records in two different seasons and their short-term memories were evaluated by Weksler test socio-economic conditions and dietary intakes were analyzed. The results of the study showed that there was no correlation between parents job, students mean age and their school grades with their memory scores. Dietary analysis demonstrated a negative correlation between local soup consumption in breakfast and memory scores. Food record analysis showed no correlation between fat, cholesterol, protein, vitamin B6, B12, calorie and iodine intake in breakfast and memory scores, but there was a positive correlation between carbohydrate, iron and vitamin B3 intake in breakfast and memory scores, similarly there was a positive correlation between B12 intake in the breakfast and students' average school grades during the year.

  14. 关于初中留守儿童社会化的研究述评%Review of Research on the Socialization of the Left-home-kids in Junior Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王光光; 辛明

    2013-01-01

    The quantity of left-home-kids in middle high school is relatively high and they belong to a special kind of vulner -able group.After nine-year compulsory education , more junior middle school students will go to the society .It is very important to cultivate their social skills in the junior middle school .Besides, they need more humanistic care from both school and the society . The junior middle school should implement the boarding system , strengthen the supervision to the left -behind children and their contact with their guardians to make sure that they can adapt to the society successfully .%初中留守儿童相对较多,他们是一种特殊的弱势群体,九年义务教育阶段后更多的初中生要走向社会,初中阶段培养他们的社会化能力至关重要,他们需要学校和社会更多的人文关怀。初中学校应实行寄宿制,应加强对留守儿童的监管力度,与留守儿童监护人加强联系,使他们能够顺利适应社会。

  15. Socialism in High School Social Studies Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This article concerns textbook analysis regarding the presentation of socialism in four leading high school social studies books, one in each of the following subjects: United States history, world history, United States government, and economics. Findings indicate that students relying on these texts to gain understanding of socialism and…

  16. Conspiracy of Silence. The Loneliness of Victims of Gender-Based Peer Violence in Polish Junior High Schools. Research Paper

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    Iwona Chmura-Rutkowska

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This research report is an integral part of a larger research project focused on analyzing peer violence which is driven by gender stereotypes and prejudices (including sexual harassment and which is experienced by female and male students of Polish junior high schools. The present qualitative research results are the effect of eight interviews and group discussions carried out in the first half of 2013. The interviewees and discussion participants were students of four different junior high schools in different towns and villages. The discussions focused on the following issues: girls' and boys' strategies of enduring, resisting or confronting gender-based violence and harassment; their reactions and coping mechanisms as victims and/or witnesses of gender-based violence or harassment; how adolescents perceived the roles of adults (that is teachers, parents, professionals in the their experiences of violence.

  17. [Sex education : representations of 13- to 15-year-old junior high school children and slow learners].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Dominique; Rochigneux, Jean-Claude; Bernard, Sandie; Morand, Josette; Mougniotte, Alain

    2015-01-01

    In France, the National Education system has attributed an important health and sex education role to its teachers, based on a global and positive vision of sexuality Parents, teachers, public services and specialized resources each have a role to play in sex education for children and adolescents so that each young person can receive an education allowing him or her to enjoy a healthy sexuality. This study investigated the individual representations of sexuality, declared practices and knowledge of junior high schoolchildren and Section d'Enseignement G6n6ral et Professionnel Adapt6 (SEGPA) students, a structure for children with serious learning difficulties. The study methodology was based on administration of questionnaires (n = 524) to the two cohorts concerned. The secondary objective was to compare these two populations and identify the specificities of SEGPA pupils. The conclusions of this study should allow adults in charge of sex education in junior high schools and SEGPA to adapt sex education tools.

  18. Changes in Descriptions on Prevention of Lifestyle-related Diseases in New Curriculum Guidelines for Elementary and Junior High Schools

    OpenAIRE

    本田, 藍; 中村, 修; 片渕, 結子

    2010-01-01

    We did this research to verify descriptions of lifestyle-related diseases by comparing the new curriculum guidelines with the current curriculum guidelines. We compared the contents of descriptions between the current curriculum guidelines and the new curriculum guidelines for elementary and junior high schools by extracting passages related to “lifestyle-related diseases” in “2. Goals and contents for respective grades” and “3. Preparation of an instruction plan and handling of content” from...

  19. Impact of the mobile phone on junior high-school students' friendships in the Tokyo metropolitan area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamibeppu, Kiyoko; Sugiura, Hitomi

    2005-04-01

    The proportion of having keitai (Japanese mobile phone) has increased rapidly in young children. To research how junior high school students use their own keitai and to examine the impact of using it on their psychology, especially on their friendship, we recruited 651 students, grade 8, from five public junior high schools in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Each student participant completed a questionnaire that we had created. The response rates were 88.8% (n = 578) for participants. The proportion of having their own keitai was 49.3% (n = 285) and that of not having it was 50.7% (n = 293). We found that they used it much more frequently for e-mail than as a phone. Most of them exchanged e-mails between schoolmates, and more than a half of them exchanged e-mails more than 10 times a day. Sociable students estimated that their own keitai was useful for their friendship. But they experienced some insecurity or started staying up late at night engaged in e-mail exchanges, and they thought that they could not live without their own keitai. Our findings suggest that keitai having an e-mail function play a big part in the junior high-school students' daily life, and its impact on students' friendships, psychology, or health should be discussed among students to prevent keitai addiction.

  20. How Junior High School English Teachers in Bengkulu City Utilise Published Textbooks in the Classroom: A Classroom Observation Study

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    Safnil Safnil

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to find out: (1 how the junior high school English teachers in Bengkulu city exploited the commercially published textbooks for classroom use; (2 if there was a difference in the way the experienced and the inexperienced English language teachers exploited the commercially published textbooks in the classroom; and (3 whether the teachers adapted textbooks or produced their own materials for classroom use. Twelve English teachers (6 experienced and 6 inexperienced teachers from four different junior high schools or SMPs (2 favourite and 2 non-favourite in Bengkulu city were the participants in this study. Data were obtained through a questionnaire, classroom observations, and sample lesson plans. The results of the study revealed that: first, the junior high school English language teachers (ET and IT; (1 used the commercially prescribed textbooks to a large extent; (2 there was not much difference between the way experienced teachers and inexperienced teachers exploited the textbooks; (3 both groups of teachers adapted the textbooks or produced their own teaching materials.

  1. The associations among fundamental movement skills, self-reported physical activity and academic performance during junior high school in Finland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaakkola, Timo; Hillman, Charles; Kalaja, Sami; Liukkonen, Jarmo

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyse the longitudinal associations between (1) fundamental movement skills (FMSs) and academic performance, and (2) self-reported physical activity and academic performance through junior high school in Finland. The participants of the study were 325 Finnish students (162 girls and 163 boys), who were 13 years old at the beginning of the study at Grade 7. Students performed three FMS tests and responded to a self-reported physical activity questionnaire at Grades 7 and 8. Marks in Finnish language, mathematics and history from Grades 7, 8 and 9 were collected. Structural equation modelling with multigroup method demonstrated that in the boys' group, a correlation (0.17) appeared between FMS and academic performance measured at Grade 7. The results also indicated that FMS collected at Grade 8 were significantly but weakly (path coefficient 0.14) associated with academic performance at Grade 9 for both gender groups. Finally, the results of this study demonstrated that self-reported physical activity was not significantly related to academic performance during junior high school. The findings of this study suggest that mastery of FMS may contribute to better student achievement during junior high school.

  2. The Effect of Thematic Classes on English Vocabulary Learning: A Study of Iranian Junior High School Students

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    Zeinab Mahmoudi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to verify the effect of thematic classes on English vocabulary learning. Thematic class is an educational project, which recently started to be used in junior high schools in Iran. The ministry of Education in Iran has launched the project of thematic classes to improve learning in 2010 with the hope of copying with some of the educational problems so that students experience deeper learning.  For subjects of the study, 90 7th grade students of junior high school in Taybad, Khorasan e Razavi were selected. Three groups were used in this study: two experimental groups and one control group. Each group consisted of 30 female students, who settled randomly in the groups, respectively. Their range of age was between 13 and 14. A vocabulary-based test, which was designed by the researcher, was used as the main measurement tool in the study to evaluate the students' achievement in the course. The course lasted 10 weeks, two sessions per week. The results reflected the positive effect of thematic classes on vocabulary learning. Therefore, educational implication of thematic class for junior high school is suggestible. Keywords: Thematic Class, Cooperative Learning, Vocabulary, Visual Aids, Audio Visual Aids, Motivation

  3. Professionality of Junior High School (SMP) Science Teacher in Preparing Instructional Design of Earth and Space Sciences (IPBA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlina, L.; Liliasari; Tjasyono, B.; Hendayana, S.

    2017-02-01

    The teacher is one important factor in the provision of education in schools. Therefore, improving the quality of education means we need to enhance the quality and the professionalism of teachers. We offer a solution through education and training of junior high school science teachers in developing the instructional design of Earth and Space Sciences (IPBA). IPBA is part of the science subjects which is given to students from elementary school to college. This research is a preliminary study of junior high school science teacher professionalism in creating instructional design IPBA. Mixed method design is used to design the research. Preliminary studies conducted on junior high school science teacher in one MGMPs in South Sumatera, and the respondent are 18 teachers from 13 schools. The educational background of science teachers who teach IPBA not only from physical education but also biology and agriculture. The result of preliminary study showed that the ratio of teachers who teach IPBA are 56% from physic education, 39% from biology, and 5% from agriculture. The subjects of IPBA that considered difficult by teachers are the distribution of sun, moon, and satellite motion; specific processes in lithosphere and atmosphere; and the correlation between lithosphere and atmosphere with the environment. The teachers also face difficulty in preparing media, choosing the right methods in teaching IPBA.

  4. Environmental tobacco exposure is associated with vaccine modified measles in junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Shuichi; Sato, Kazuki; Watanabe, Hiroko; Nezu, Yoko; Nishimuta, Toshiyuki

    2015-11-01

    Vaccine modified measles (VMM) affects individuals with attenuated vaccine induced immunity. An outbreak of measles occurred in a junior high school, starting from an unvaccinated eighth-grade student who developed natural measles and affected a majority of students who were immunized with a low potent strain of measles vaccine (TD97). To determine whether environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure was associated with the development of VMM in this population, a questionnaire was used asking whether students had VMM symptoms during the outbreak and the smoking status of family members. VMM was defined in the study population as occurrence of fever and/or erythema, along with documented history of measles vaccination. A total of 513 students (85.9%) responded. Overall, the presence of in-house smokers did not differ between VMM students (49.3%) and non-VMM students (50.2%). However, in the ninth grade, presence of an in-house smoker was significantly higher in the family of VMM students (54.0%) than in non-VMM students (36.6%) (P = 0.044). Urinary cotinine levels were also measured in selected students (n = 37). Among families with at least one smoker, urinary cotinine levels were significantly higher in VMM students than in non-VMM students (P = 0.032). Furthermore, a multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that a high urinary cotinine level (>10 ng/mg creatinine; 13.5 percentile) was associated with the development of VMM. Our findings suggest that a high level of ETS exposure may be associated with an increased risk of VMM in a population with attenuated vaccine induced immunity against measles.

  5. Food and Nutrition Curriculum Guide for Florida. Elementary Level, Middle/Junior High Level, Senior High Level, Post-Secondary Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crabtree, Myrna P.; Baum, Rosemere

    This curriculum guide contains competency-based curricula suggested for teaching foods and nutrition courses on the elementary, middle/junior high school, senior high school, and postsecondary levels in Florida. For each level, concepts and subconcepts are presented, referenced to competencies or terminal performance objectives. For each…

  6. Homework Hotline Questionnaires: For Parents (Elementary Schools); for Junior High School Students; for High School Students; Homework Hotline Questionnaire for Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Balwant

    Four questionnaires, designed to measure attitudes toward a proposed homework hotline, are included in this document. There are versions for parents of students in grades 4 to 6, for junior high school students, for high school students, and for educators. The items concern student characteristics, desirable parental role in helping with homework,…

  7. The possibilities of musical activity in the formation of moral values ​​among the visually impaired junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktoriya Varaksina

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper reveals the possibility of music in the formation of moral values ​​among the visually impaired junior high school students through activation of emotional, cognitive and behavioral components.

  8. Mean hemoglobin levels in venous blood samples and prevalence of anemia in Japanese elementary and junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Toru; Itoh, Yasuhiko; Maeda, Miho; Igarashi, Tsutomu; Fukunaga, Yoshitaka

    2012-01-01

    Screening for anemia has been performed in schools in Japan for over 30 years. The long-term effect of the nuclear power plant disaster on the prevalence of anemia in school age children is unknown. This research was performed to evaluate the prevalence of anemia in school age children and to determine grade-level and gender-related reference hemoglobin (Hb) levels prior to the nuclear disaster. Data for this research were obtained from results of screening for anemia obtained by venous blood sampling in schools in 2002. Mean Hb levels were calculated for each grade level (elementary school grades 1-6 and junior high school years 1-3) and according to gender, and the prevalence of anemia was determined. In our research, Tokyo Health Service Association guidelines were used to determine reference Hb levels for anemia. We demonstrated that Hb levels in boys increased with age during childhood and adolescence (from 13.1 ± 0.7 g/dL in 7 year olds to 14.9 ± 1.1 g/dL in 15 year olds); in girls, Hb levels peaked at menarche (13.7 ± 0.8 g/dL in 12 year olds), decreasing slightly thereafter (13.4 ± 1.1 g/dL in 15 year olds). The prevalence of anemia was 0.26% in elementary school boys, 0.27% in elementary school girls, and 1.21% in junior high school boys. The prevalence of anemia in second- and third-year junior high school girls was lower than that in first-year junior high school girls. Among all junior high school girls, 5.73% had mild anemia. Iron-deficiency anemia is the commonest type of anemia in high school girls, secondary to the relative lack of iron due to menstruation, the growth spurt and exercise. Appropriate dietary therapy and treatment of anemia, together with education about the dietary prevention of anemia, are important to reduce the prevalence of anemia in high school students. When complete blood counts are performed in regions thought to be affected by the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster, our report can serve as a reference during

  9. A FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT MODEL OF CRITICAL THINKING IN MATHEMATICS LEARNING IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

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    R. Rosnawati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to obtain a valid and reliable formative evaluation model of critical thinking. The method used in this research was the research and development by integrating Borg & Gall's model and  Plomp's development model. The ten steps Borg & Gall’s model were modified into five stages as the stages in the Plomp's model. The subjects in this study were 1,446 students of junior high schools in DIY, 14 mathematics teacher, and six experts. The content validity employed was expert judgment, the empirical validity and reliability used were loading factor, item analysis used PCM 1PL, and the relationship between disposition and critical thinking skill used was structural equation modeling (SEM. The developed formative evaluation model is the procedural model. There are five aspects of critical thinking skill: mathematic reasoning, interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and inference, which entirely composed of 42 items. The validity of the critical thinking skill instruments achieves a significance degree as indicated by the lowest and the highest loading factors of 0.38 and 0.74 subsequently, the reliability of every aspect in a good category. The average level of difficulty is 0.00 with the standard deviation of 0.45 which is in a good category. The peer assessment questionnaire of critical thinking disposition consists of seven aspects: truth-seeking, open-minded, analysis, systematic, self-confidence, inquisitiveness, and maturity with 23 items. The critical thinking disposition validity achieves the significance degree as indicated by the lowest and the high factor loading of 0.66 and 0.76 subsequently, and the reliability of every aspect in a good category. Based on the analysis of the structural equation model, the model fits the data.

  10. Perceptions of High School Administrators on Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps in Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minkin, Amy J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate and discover the beliefs and perceptions of secondary school administrators regarding the impact of Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps on student discipline and attendance in the secondary school setting. A qualitative, phenomenological research study investigated what administrators know…

  11. The Application of Phonics to Vocabulary Teaching in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡渲

    2016-01-01

    English teachers in Junior school should use phonics and teach their students the relations between the pronunciation and the form of words, guiding students cultivate a suitable way to remember words. In order to lay a solid foundation for students’ English learning in the future, teachers help students improve their spelling and pronunciation by teaching phonics.

  12. Developing an assessment instrument of junior high school students’ higher order thinking skills in mathematics

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    Samritin Samritin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is a research and development study. It aims to produce an instrument for assessing junior high school (JHS students’ higher order thinking skills (HOTS in mathematics. Its procedure consists of nine steps: (1 Constructing the test specification; (2 writing test items; (3 analyzing test items; (4 conducting the first tryout; (5 analyzing the results of the first try out; (6 revising the test; (7 assembling the test; (8 conducting the second tryout; and (9 analyzing the results of the second tryout. The instrument content validity was obtained through the focus group discussion (FGD forum, and Delphi technique. The construct validity was found out through the tryout data analysis. The instrument tryout was conducted twice involving 264 participants in the first tryout and 821 participants in the second tryout. The results of the study indicate that the instrument for assessing JHS students’ HOTS in mathematics has met the validity and reliability criteria. From the results of the content validity analysis, it can be concluded that the instrument is valid, and it was supported by the items validity indices above  0.79. From the results of the construct validity analysis, it can be concluded that the instrument is valid, as indicated by the value of χ2 = 67.69, with p-value = 0.10, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA = 0.03, supported by Goodness of Fit Index (GFI of 0.97, Normed Fit Index (NFI of 0.95, and Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI of 0.95. The instrument reliability is 0.88. The developed instrument for assessing HOTS in mathematics consists of 12 items, each of which is of essay test type. The test items have difficulty indices in a range of 0.30 ≤ Pi ≤ 0.7.

  13. [Snacking behavior among elementary and junior high school students and its relationship to stress-coping].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimai, S; Kawabata, T; Nishioka, N; Haruki, T

    2000-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate current problems of snacking behavior and their relationship to stress coping among 1,486 fourth through ninth grade students from 10 elementary schools and six junior high schools. An anonymous self-completed questionnaire was utilized which included items about 1) selection of snack foods, which were classified into healthy, popular, complementary and western-style snacks, 2) problems of snacking behavior, which included external and emotional eating scores, and 3) stress coping scale. The stress coping scale contained two sub-scales; problem-focused and emotion-focused coping. The results were as follows: 1) Students who frequently went without breakfast did not select healthy foods, i.e., fruits and dairy products, but popular snacks, i.e., potato chips, pop corn and sweet beverage. 2) Both external and emotional eating scores increased by age in girls but was not apparent in boys. 3) Students who preferred either western-style or popular snacks showed higher score of external and emotional eating. 4) The score of problem-focused coping was positively correlated with preference for health snacks, but emotion-focused coping was positively correlated with external and emotional eating scores. The close relationship between snack food selection and problematic aspects of eating behavior suggests that modification of eating behavior is necessary to develop healthy snack habits in early adolescents. Also, it is interesting that snacking behavior is closely related to stress coping, which suggested the behavioral intervention for healthy eating habit should be included in development of stress-coping skills against various kinds of demands in life.

  14. The Effect of Focus Strategies on ADHD Students' English Vocabulary Learning in Junior High School

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    Masoud Khalili Sabet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. ADHD is also among the most prevalent chronic health conditions affecting school-aged children"(American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000. Too many young girls are not getting the help they need because of hidden symptoms and late diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of focus strategies on vocabulary learning of ADHD students at two junior high schools. To this end, eight female ADHD and eight normal students from two public schools were assigned to the both control group and the experimental one. The quantitative data was gathered from each student and was analyzed through 2-way analysis of variance (ANOVA in a factorial arrangement with two repetitions. An orthogonal test was used to compare the strategies that were used in the control group (word list and the experimental group (key word method, concentration, making sentences and fold overs. The instrument of this study contained a questionnaire sent to the parents and English teachers, an interview with a psychologist, a pre-test and a post-test. The results indicated that the four focus strategies in the experimental group increased the vocabulary learning in ADHD students for the short term retention and this increase was significant in the first focus strategy (key word method and mostly the last one (fold overs in the normal and ADHD students. The mean scores of control group were lower than the treatment group both in the normal and ADHD students. The results of delayed post-test revealed that although focus strategies improved the scores of the normal students compared to the ADHD students, this difference was not significant. Keywords: ADHD, focus strategies, Key word method, fold overs, attention, two-way ANOVA

  15. Knowledge and practice of junior and senior high school students regarding violent behaviors in Isfahan province

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    Razieh Omidi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Considering the importance of anger, aggression, violence and other misbehaviours in schoolchildren education, the present study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge and practice of students in Isfahan province regarding violence, in order to figure out the required interventions for violence-reduction. Methods: In a survey during 2008-2009, 5500 junior and senior high school students of Isfahan province were assessed in a multistage sampling process to determine their level of knowledge about various types of violent behaviors, causes of violence, its consequences, and preventive behaviors. Validity and reliability of the data collection tool (questionnaire were assessed. Results: The study revealed that the mean scores of violent behaviors knowledge, knowledge of violent behavior outcomes, and knowledge of violence preventive behaviors, were 6.6 ± 2.1, 5.5 ± 1.9, and 4.7 ± 1.3, respectively. Sources of violent behaviors in 92% of urban students and 89% of rural students were personal reasons and family behaviors, and 85% of urban and 88% of rural students considered mass media and computer games blameworthy, and the differences were statistically significant in all cases (P < 0.0001. In terms of practice, overall, 69.7% of girls and 84.2% of boys had violent behaviors. Physical and verbal violence were 31.3% and 40.7%in girls, and 66% and 52.8% in boys, respectively (intersexes P values were P < 0.001 and P = 0.7 respectively, and intra-sex P value was P < 0.0001. Conclusions: Results showed that girls and city dwellers were more aware of recognizing violent behaviors, outcomes, and causes, compared with boys and villagers, and in terms of general practice, violence was observed among boys more than girls. Further complementary studies in this area seem required.

  16. The effectiveness of animation video in teaching speaking to Junior high school

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    Kurniati Kurniati

    2017-05-01

    There were many problems happened in the E n g l i s h l e a r n i n g p r o c e s s i n S M P N 1 S e ye g a n , s u c h a s ; (1 the students were afraid of expressing their ideas; (2 they were lack of vocabularies; (3 they were bored in studying English including in their learning speaking. Thus, this research was intended to find out the effectiveness of animation video in teaching speaking to seventh graders in SMP N 1 Seyegan-Sleman. It involved 32 students of 7A as experimental class and 7B as control class. It was experimental study to overcome students’ problem in learning English speaking skill and used pre-test and post-test as the instrument. The used design was quasi-experimental study. It was done with pre-test before treatments and post-test after having treatments. It was found that teaching speaking using animation video was effective. It can be seen from the result of the statistical computation using t- test. The t-test result of post-test in both of classes was 2.170 while t-table with the degree of freedom N-2 at 5% significance level was 1.999. It means that the result of the t-test was higher than ttable. Therefore, teaching speaking skill using animation video was considered effective. Based on this finding the researcher suggested to the teachers to use animation video in improving speaking skill especially for students in Junior High Schools.

  17. Direct and Indirect Predictors of Social Competence in United States Army Junior Commissioned Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    Cantor, 1980). Cognitive Ability Measure General cognitive ability was measured with the Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT; Wonderlic Personnel Test...15 [after SKT Scenario 9] 240 Total Time 240 (4 hours) Session 2 Wonderlic Personnel Test 50 15 15 Social Competence Inventory 199 40 55...university student norms reported for those instruments (cf. O’Sullivan & Guilford, 1976; Turnley & Bolino, 2001; Wonderlic Personnel Test, 1992). The IPT

  18. [Relationship between support reciprocity and stress responses among elementary, junior high, and senior high school students: moderating effects of underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Hirokazu; Tanaka, Koji

    2008-04-01

    This study examined moderating effects of underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientations on the relationship between support reciprocity in friendships and mood among elementary, junior high, and senior high school students. The participants were 262 first-year senior high school students, 223 second-year junior high school students, and 248 sixth-year elementary school students. The participants completed questionnaires regarding mutual support in friendships, stress responses, and two types of exchange orientations (underbenefitting and overbenefitting exchange orientation). For senior high school students, an underbenefitting orientation had a moderating effect on the relationships between support reciprocity and depression. Among senior high school students low in underbenefitting orientation, individuals who felt slightly underbenefitted regarding support exchange in friendships reported the lowest degree of depression. In addition, individuals high in underbenefitting orientation tended to express a higher level of depression than those low in underbenefitting orientation when they felt slightly underbenefitted.

  19. Characteristics of eighth-grade students who initiate self-care in elementary and junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, K M; Richardson, J L; Danley, K L; Hansen, W B; Sussman, S Y; Brannon, B; Dent, C W; Johnson, C A; Flay, B R

    1990-09-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine whether children who care for themselves for longer periods of time are at increased risk of poor grades, truancy, anger, family conflict, stress, risk-taking, and peer influences (in addition to the increased risk of substance use previously reported). Demographic characteristics of eighth-grade students who initiate self-care in junior high school are compared with those initiating self-care in elementary school. Further, increased risks for those initiating self-care in elementary school are examined. Over two thirds of the respondents (67.8%) cared for themselves after school without adult supervision at some time during the week; 23.5% for 1 to 4 hours per week, 15.7% for 5 to 10 hours per week, and 28.6% for 11 or more hours per week. Of those in self-care, 48.5% initiated self-care during elementary school and 51.5% during junior high school. Students who were in the highest category of self-care (greater than or equal to 11 hours per week) vs those in self-care zero hours per week were 1.5 to 2 times as likely to score high on risk-taking, anger, family conflict, and stress, to be more likely to see their friends as their major source of influence, and to attend more parties. The self-reports of academic grades did not differ. The grade of initiation of self-care (elementary vs junior high school) conferred additional risk for drinking alcohol (odds ratio = 1.4), risk-taking tendencies (odds ratio = 1.5), and attending parties (odds ratio = 1.6).

  20. Experimental study of teaching critical thinking in civic education in Taiwanese junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shu Ching; Chung, Tung-Yu

    2009-03-01

    To effectively respond to the need for greater CT (critical thinking) in the classroom, this study examines the effects of cultivating CT skills within civic education to maximize its potential. Despite realizing the importance of CT in education, schools do not tend to apply it. Furthermore, since students frequently do not raise questions or otherwise think critically, CT modules are incorporated into civic learning to encourage students to question facts, interpret and analyse evidence, make reasoned inferences regarding events, and independently develop informed opinions. These skills are fundamental to cultivating an informed and humane citizenry. This investigation examines how teaching critical thinking in civic education affects the CT skills and disposition of junior high school students. The participants were two classes of eighth grade students in southern Taiwan, and were distributed into experimental and control groups. Each group comprised 34 students, with the experimental group containing 16 boys and 18 girls and the control group containing 18 boys and 16 girls. The teaching experiment in this study was initiated and performed using equivalent pre-test and post-test group design. During the 10-week experiment, the experimental group was taught using CT instruction in civic education, while the control group was not taught with any CT programme. The data analysis included: quantitative statistics of the two main sets of instruments for measuring the CT ability and disposition of experimental treatment, qualitative analysis of learning sheets, and surveys of student perceptions of instruction in CT. Statistical analysis showed that the experimental group significantly outperformed the control group on the scales of CT skill and disposition, but did not perform well on certain subscales (e.g. recognition of assumptions and deductions, truth-seeking, analyticity, and inquisitiveness). Notably however, when triangulating with qualitative analysis of

  1. Mathematizing Process of Junior High School Students to Improve Mathematics Literacy Refers PISA on RCP Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardono; Mariani, S.; Hendikawati, P.; Ikayani

    2017-04-01

    Mathematizing process (MP) is the process of modeling a phenomenon mathematically or establish the concept of a phenomenon. There are two mathematizing that is Mathematizing Horizontal (MH) and Mathematizing Vertical (MV). MH as events changes contextual problems into mathematical problems, while MV is the process of formulation of the problem into a variety of settlement mathematics by using some appropriate rules. Mathematics Literacy (ML) is the ability to formulate, implement and interpret mathematics in various contexts, including the capacity to perform reasoning mathematically and using the concepts, procedures, and facts to describe, explain or predict phenomena incident. If junior high school students are conditioned continuously to conduct mathematizing activities on RCP (RME-Card Problem) learning, it will be able to improve ML that refers PISA. The purpose of this research is to know the capability of the MP grade VIII on ML content shape and space with the matter of the cube and beams with RCP learning better than the scientific learning, upgrade MP grade VIII in the issue of the cube and beams with RCP learning better than the scientific learning in terms of cognitive styles reflective and impulsive the MP grade VIII with the approach of the RCP learning in terms of cognitive styles reflective and impulsive This research is the mixed methods model concurrent embedded. The population in this study, i.e., class VIII SMPN 1 Batang with sample two class. Data were taken with the observation, interviews, and tests and analyzed with a different test average of one party the right qualitative and descriptive. The results of this study demonstrate the capability of the MP student with RCP learning better than the scientific learning, upgrade MP with RCP learning better compare with scientific learning in term cognitive style of reflective and impulsive. The subject of the reflective group top, middle, and bottom can meet all the process of MH indicators are

  2. Low visual information-processing speed and attention are predictors of fatigue in elementary and junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamano Emi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fatigue is a common complaint among elementary and junior high school students, and is known to be associated with reduced academic performance. Recently, we demonstrated that fatigue was correlated with decreased cognitive function in these students. However, no studies have identified cognitive predictors of fatigue. Therefore, we attempted to determine independent cognitive predictors of fatigue in these students. Methods We performed a prospective cohort study. One hundred and forty-two elementary and junior high school students without fatigue participated. They completed a variety of paper-and-pencil tests, including list learning and list recall tests, kana pick-out test, semantic fluency test, figure copying test, digit span forward test, and symbol digit modalities test. The participants also completed computerized cognitive tests (tasks A to E on the modified advanced trail making test. These cognitive tests were used to evaluate motor- and information-processing speed, immediate and delayed memory function, auditory and visual attention, divided and switching attention, retrieval of learned material, and spatial construction. One year after the tests, a questionnaire about fatigue (Japanese version of the Chalder Fatigue Scale was administered to all the participants. Results After the follow-up period, we confirmed 40 cases of fatigue among 118 students. In multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for grades and gender, poorer performance on visual information-processing speed and attention tasks was associated with increased risk of fatigue. Conclusions Reduced visual information-processing speed and poor attention are independent predictors of fatigue in elementary and junior high school students.

  3. Sick Building Syndrome Among Junior High School Students in Japan in Relation to the Home and School Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaoka, Motoko; Suzuki, Kyoko; Norbäck, Dan

    2015-06-12

    There is an increasing concern about sick building syndrome (SBS), especially in Asia. The aim of this study is to investigate associations between SBS and the home, school environment and personal factors among Japanese junior high school students. We investigated students in four junior high schools in Hyogo in Kansai area, Japan. A questionnaire study was performed among students (n=1056), 12-15 years old. Temperature and relative air humidity was measured in the classrooms and dust was collected from the classroom floors and air and was analysed for cat and dog allergens. Associations were analysed by multi-level logistic regression. Mucosal symptoms (45.4%), general symptoms (38.9%) and skin symptoms (22.6%) were common. Totally 8.8% reported cat allergy, 6.1% dog allergy, 6.0% mold allergy and 25.7% pollen allergy. Atopy, window pane condensation, floor dampness and odor at home and high relative air humidity in the classrooms were associated with SBS. The prevalence of SBS symptoms was high and associated with both home and school environment. Window pane condensation and floor dampness at home can increase the risk for SBS symptoms in students. Moreover high relative air humidity at school may increase the risk for SBS.

  4. Small Groups: Student Productive Interactions in Learning Cooperative (Case Study of Mathematics Learning at Junior High School in Pakis, Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Tri Utaminingtyas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the process of student interaction in solving problems through cooperative learning. The subject of this research are 7th grade students of a junior high school in Malang, Indonesia. Data were collected by recording directly when learning takes place especially when pairing or forming small groups. This interaction is built with heterogeneous student skills. The results showed that the interaction that occurs in students provides an understanding of the concept of opportunity. Consequently, the students solved the problem correctly. This interaction is known as productive interaction.

  5. 初高中数学衔接问题%On Linkage of Junior and Senior High School Mathematics Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵井飞

    2011-01-01

    随着数学课程改革的全面推行,初高中数学的衔接问题已被广大中学数学教师所谈论,并引起了数学教育研究者的关注。%With implementation of mathematics curriculum reforms going on, the linkage of junior and senior high school mathematics teaching has been discussed by middle school mathematics teachers and it has caused concerns among mathematics education researchers.

  6. 初中英语教学在新课程理念下的分析%Analysis of junior high school English teaching in the new curriculum ideas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张采萍

    2016-01-01

    Promotion of the New Curriculum for junior high school English teaching put forward new demands. Under the new curriculum standards, how to utilize teaching materials, select the appropriate teaching methods, thereby increasing the level of junior high school English, become educators can not be ignored. This paper analyzes the reform of the law and the new concept of junior high school English teaching curriculum, hoping to provide information and reference for educators research and exploration work.

  7. [Relationship among inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression in Japanese elementary and junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noda, Wataru; Okada, Ryo; Tani, Iori; Ohnishi, Masafumi; Naoto, Mochizuki; Nakajima, Syunji; Tsujii, Masatsugu

    2013-06-01

    The present study examines the relationship among inattentive, and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression in elementary school and junior high school students. The participants were 3,885 children and their teachers and caregivers. Children's inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior was rated by their teachers and caregivers (ADHD-RS). Children rated aggression (HAQ-C) and depression (DSRS-C) themselves. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior rated by teachers and caregivers were positively related to aggression and depression. Inattention predicted higher levels of aggression and depression. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior as rated by teachers was more highly related to depression than those behaviors as rated by caregivers. The relationships among inattentive, and hyperactive-impulsive behavior, aggression, and depression were almost the same for both elementary school and junior high school students. This study suggests the importance of assessing inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior from multiple views to examine the relationship between inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behavior and mental health problems.

  8. High-resolution ultrasound of rotator cuff and biceps reflection pulley in non-elite junior tennis players: anatomical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Tennis is believed to be potentially harmful for the shoulder, therefore the purpose of this study is to evaluate the anatomy of the rotator cuff and the coraco-humeral ligament (CHL) in a-symptomatic non-elite junior tennis players with high-resolution ultrasound (US). Methods From August 2009 to September 2010 n = 90 a-symptomatic non-elite junior tennis players (mean age ± standard deviation: 15 ± 3) and a control group of age- and sex- matched subjects were included. Shoulder assessment with a customized standardized protocol was performed. Body mass index, dominant arm, years of practice, weekly hours of training, racket weight, grip (Eastern, Western and semi-Western), kind of strings were recorded. Results Abnormalities were found at ultrasound in 14/90 (15%) players. Two players had supraspinatus tendinosis, two had subacromial impingement and ten had subacromial bursitis. CHL thickness resulted comparable in the dominant and non-dominant arms (11.3 ± 4.4 mm vs. 13 ± 4.2, p > 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that no association was present among CHL thickness and the variables evaluated. In the control group, abnormalities were found at ultrasound in 6/60 (10%) subjects (sub-acromial bursitis). No statistically significant differences between players and control group were found (p = 0.71). Conclusion In a-symptomatic non-elite junior tennis players only minor shoulder abnormalities were found. PMID:25034864

  9. 论初中生早恋成因与对策%Causes and Countermeasures for Junior High School Students' Puppy Love

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜娜; 高磊

    2012-01-01

    父母的立场、教师的态度、同学的评价和社会的氛围会在很大程度上左右着初中生"早恋"的发展变化,甚至可以说是男女双方和亲子、师生、生生互动共同完成"早恋"进程的。如把"早恋"的标签到处乱贴,带来的是误解、偏见,造成的是亲子关系、师生关系的紧张,是学生成长的"逆境"。家庭和学校要密切合作形成合力的教育管理体系,共同承担起教育孩子的责任;要贯彻"预防为主,积极疏导"的原则,让初中生安全度过美好的青春期。%Parents′ standpoints,teachers′ attitude,classmates′ evaluation and the social surroundings greatly effect the development and change of junior high school students′ ″puppy love″.It can even be said that the ″puppy love″ is driven on by the boy and the girl involved together with their parents,teachers and classmates.The random labeling of ″puppy love″ may lead to misunderstanding and prejudice resulting in tension between both parent-child relationship and teacher-student relationship and obstacles in students′ development.Families and schools should cooperate closely to construct the cooperative educational management system and shoulder the responsibility of education together.Following the ″principle prevention first,persuasion auxiliary″,teachers and parents should help junior high school students go through their wonderful adolescence safely.

  10. 浅析初中生主体性教育%On Junior High School Students' Subjective Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜晓晗

    2016-01-01

    Quality education is the main subject of education, the student body shaping personality, to promote modern education student body behavior characteristics and capacity development. From the perspective of the main body sex education expounded the connotation, features, analyzes the role of the current status of junior high ideological and political education and the main ideological and political education in junior high school education, the main ideological education requirements prominent student learning in-itiative, independence, creativity, requires the establishment of a new type of teacher-student relationship.%主体性教育是素质教育的主体,是塑造学生主体人格,推动学生主体行为特征和能力发展的现代教育。本文从主体性教育的视角阐述了主体性教育的内涵、特点,分析了当前初中思想政治教育现状及主体性教育在初中思想政治教育中的作用,主体性教育思想要求突出学生学习的主动性、独立性、创造性,要求建立新型的师生关系。

  11. Process and Analysis the Junior High School Students’Teaching Materi-al of Ren’ai Version

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Zhong-fang

    2016-01-01

    Since the application of the new curriculum, the English teaching material of the national junior high school is no lon-ger unified. Thus, there come numerous junior high school English tesching materials, such as Renjiao, Beijing Normal Universi-ty, Oxford, Cambridge, New Concept, Ren’ai and so on and so forth. These abundant teaching materials offer the majority of teachers and students a broad choice space and are different from the traditional teaching material. Among these materials, Ren’ai version is introduced to Zhangzhou City, Fujian Province. Compared with the traditional teaching materials, Ren’ai ver-sion has a new form both in language and content, which put forward to higher request on teachers and students. As is published recently, there is not much related research. This article, on one hand, makes a brief analysis on the characteristics of the materi-al. On the other hand, it gives some suggestions on how to handle the material with the help of Constructivism, the Task-based Teaching theory and Cognitive Psychology, hoping to improve the efficiency of classroom teaching and the students’English comprehensive ability.

  12. SOUNDS LEARNING USING TEAMS GAMES TOURNAMENT WITH FLASH CARD AS MEDIA AT THE 13th JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL OF MAGELANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Lestari

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to know about students’ response and the effectiveness of Teams Games Tournament learning model with Flash Card as media. This research type is Quasi Experimental Nonequivalent Group Design. The subject of the study is the students of 8 E and 8 F of the 13th junior high school of Magelang. The result of cognitive assessment showed that the classical learning achievement was 87% and the gained score was 0.46 which is included in media category. Value of Sig. (2-tailed of Mann-Whitney U-Test is 0.01. It means that there is the significant difference of academic achievement between the experiment group and the control group. The result of affective and pshycomotoric assessments are included in good category at average score 75% and 71%. Correlation among cognitive, affective, and psychomotoric learning achievements was strong at R Score 0.684. Students’ response toward the learning showed average score at 74%, and it was included in good category. Based on the result, Teams Games Tournament learning model with Flash Card as media in learning about sounds at the 13th junior high school in Magelang is effective towards the learning achievement and the responses of the 8 D graders towards the learning is categorized good.

  13. A Prospective Epidemiological Study of Injuries in Japanese National Tournament-Level Badminton Players From Junior High School to University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyake

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Injury prevention programs have recently been created for various sports. However, a longitudinal study on badminton injuries, as assessed by a team’s dedicated medical staff, at the gymnasium has not been performed. Objectives We aimed to perform the first such study to measure the injury incidence, severity and type as the first step in creating a badminton injury prevention program. Patients and Methods A prospective, longitudinal survey was conducted between April 2012 and March 2013 with 133 national tournament-level badminton players from junior high school to university in Japan with the teams’ physical therapists at the gymnasium. Injury incidence was measured as the injury rate (IR for every 1,000 hour (1000 hour and IR for every 1,000 athlete exposures (1000 AE. Severity was classified in 5 levels by the number of days the athlete was absent from practice or matches. Injury types were categorized as trauma or overuse. Results Practice (IR (1,000 hour was significantly higher in female players than in male players; the rates increased with increasing age. IR (1,000 AE was significantly higher in matches than in practice in both sexes of all ages, except for female junior high school students and injuries were most frequent for high school students in matches. The majority of the injuries were slight (83.8%; overuse injuries occurred approximately 3 times more than trauma. Conclusions This is the first study in which medical staff assessed injuries in badminton, providing value through benchmark data. Injury prevention programs are particularly necessary for female university students in practice and high school students in matches.

  14. Depth and breadth: Bridging the gap between scientific inquiry and high-stakes testing with diverse junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jee Sun Emily

    This study explored how inquiry-based teaching and learning processes occurred in two teachers' diverse 8th grade Physical Science classrooms in a Program Improvement junior high school within the context of high-stakes standardized testing. Instructors for the courses examined included not only the two 8th grade science teachers, but also graduate fellows from a nearby university. Research was drawn from inquiry-based instruction in science education, the achievement gap, and the high stakes testing movement, as well as situated learning theory to understand how opportunities for inquiry were negotiated within the diverse classroom context. Transcripts of taped class sessions; student work samples; interviews of teachers and students; and scores from the California Standards Test in science were collected and analyzed. Findings indicated that the teachers provided structured inquiry in order to support their students in learning about forces and to prepare them for the standardized test. Teachers also supported students in generating evidence-based explanations, connecting inquiry-based investigations with content on forces, proficiently using science vocabulary, and connecting concepts about forces to their daily lives. Findings from classroom data revealed constraints to student learning: students' limited language proficiency, peer counter culture, and limited time. Supports were evidenced as well: graduate fellows' support during investigations, teachers' guided questioning, standardized test preparation, literacy support, and home-school connections. There was no statistical difference in achievement on the Forces Unit test or science standardized test between classes with graduate fellows and without fellows. There was also no statistical difference in student performance between the two teachers' classrooms, even though their teaching styles were very different. However, there was a strong correlation between students' achievement on the chapter test and

  15. Effects of intensity and duration in aerobic high-intensity interval training in highly trained junior cross-country skiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandbakk, Øyvind; Sandbakk, Silvana B; Ettema, Gertjan; Welde, Boye

    2013-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to test whether a long duration of aerobic high-intensity interval training is more effective than shorter intervals at a higher intensity in highly trained endurance athletes. The sample comprised of 12 male and 9 female, national-level, junior cross-country skiers (age, 17.5 ± 0.4 years, maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max): 67.4 ± 7.7 ml min kg), who performed 8-week baseline and 8-week intervention training periods on dry land. During the intervention period, a short-interval group (SIG, n = 7) added 2 weekly sessions with short duration intervals (2- to 4-minute bouts, total duration of 15-20 minutes), a long-interval group (LIG; n = 7) added 2 weekly sessions with long duration intervals (5- to 10-minute bouts, total duration of 40-45 minutes). The interval sessions were performed with the athletes' maximal sustainable intensity. A control group (CG; n = 7) added 2 weekly sessions with low-intensity endurance training at 65-74% of maximal heart rate. Before and after the intervention period, the skiers were tested for time-trial performance on 12-km roller-ski skating and 7-km hill run. V[Combining Dot Above]O2max and oxygen uptake at the ventilatory threshold (V[Combining Dot Above]O2VT) were measured during treadmill running. After the intervention training period, the LIG-improved 12-km roller ski, 7-km hill run, V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, and V[Combining Dot Above]O2VT by 6.8 ± 4.0%, 4.8 ± 2.6%, 3.7 ± 1.6%, and 5.8 ± 3.3%, respectively, from pre- to posttesting, and improved both performance tests and V[Combining Dot Above]O2VT when compared with the SIG and the CG (all p < 0.05). The SIG improved V[Combining Dot Above]O2max by 3.5 ± 3.2% from pre- to posttesting (p < 0.05), whereas the CG remained unchanged. As hypothesized, a long duration of aerobic high-intensity interval training improved endurance performance and oxygen uptake at the ventilatory threshold more than shorter intervals at a higher

  16. Junior High School Biological Life Teaching in My Opinion%初中生物生活化教学之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周绍清

    2014-01-01

    In the junior high school biology teaching practice,to create life,create life classroom, reflect biological teaching originates from life, above life, return to life, the junior middle school biology classroom teaching and life hand in hand.%在初中生物教学实践中,要创设生活情境,打造生活化课堂,体现生物教学源于生活、高于生活、回归生活,使初中生物课堂教学和生活携手并进。

  17. Junior High School English Teachers' Requisite Abilities%初中英语教师应具备的能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史建元

    2011-01-01

    初中英语教师应具有观察组织能力,逻辑推理与分析综合能力,语言表达能力,创造能力和运用现代媒体的能力以及拥有“教育机智”的能力,这样才能真正地驾驭自己的教学,从而取得良好的教学效果。%Junior high school English teachers should possess observing and organizing ability, logical reasoning and analyzing ability, language expressive ability, creative ability, the ability of applying modern media and education wisdom ability, only in this way can control teaching and achieve better teaching effect.

  18. [Relationship between self-evaluation of their emotions and subjective adaptation to school among junior high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Yoshiyuki; Ishizu, Kenichiro; Kashimura, Masami

    2014-02-01

    The effect of self-evaluation of emotions on subjective adaption to school was investigated among junior high school students (n = 217: 112 boys, 105 girls) who participated in a questionnaire survey. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that for boys "Infringement and maladjustment" differed based on their self-evaluation of anger and anxiety. For girls, on the other hand, the self-evaluation of anger alleviated psychological stress, worsened the "Relationship with the teacher" and the "Relationship with the class", whereas self-evaluation of anxiety played a role in increasing psychological stress and deteriorating the "Relationship with the class." Furthermore, negatively evaluating either anger or anxiety heightened the "Motivation for learning" in girls. These results suggest that the evaluation of emotions is different in boys and girls and for different emotions.

  19. Associations of Power at V̇O2peak and Anaerobic Threshold with Rank in British High Performance Junior Surfers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barlow Matthew John

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of peak oxygen uptake ( V̇O2peak, power at V̇O2peak and power at the anaerobic threshold (AT with national ranking in a sample of British high performance junior surfers. Methods. Eighteen male surfers (aged 15.4 ± 1.4 years from the British Junior Surfing team were tested for V̇O2peak and AT using an adapted kayak ergometer; national ranking was used to indicate performance level. The AT was identified as the point at which V̇E/V̇O2 started to rise without a concomitant increase in V̇E/V̇CO2. Spearman’s rank (rs and partial correlations (rp controlling for age were used to identify the relationships between the physiological variables and national ranking. Results. Mean V̇O2peak was 3.1 ± 0.5 l · min-1 (47.7 ± 7.2 ml · kg-1 · min-1 and mean AT occurred at 48.1 ± 12.2 W. There were significant correlations between national ranking and power at V̇O2peak (rs = -0.549, p = 0.028, power at AT (rs = -0.646, p = 0.009, and age (rs = -0.579, p = 0.012. Significant partial correlations were established controlling for age between national ranking and power at V̇O2peak (rp = -0.839, p = 0.000 and power at AT (rp = -0.541, p < 0.046. Conclusions. The power outputs associated with V̇O2peak and AT were significantly related to surfer ranking in this sample. However, due to the low coefficient of determination associated with the AT/ranking relationship, AT does not discriminate well between the ranking of surfers. These findings support the inclusion of power at V̇O2peak in assessment batteries for junior competitive surfers.

  20. The Effect of Task-Based Language Teaching on Motivation and Grammatical Achievement of EFL Junior High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Islam NamazianDost

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This research sought to investigate the effect of the effect of task-based language teaching on motivation and grammatical achievement of EFL junior high school students of Ahvaz. To fulfill the objectives of the study a Homogeneity test (Oxford Quick Placement Test was administered among 100 students at the junior high school and finally 80 participants were selected. Then, they were divided into two sub­groups, namely control and experimental groups. Before starting the treatment, a validated teacher-made grammar test in terms of the materials supposed to be covered in both groups was administered to them as the pre-test. Moreover, a motivation questionnaire were given to both groups at the beginning and at the end of study. Then the experimental group received the treatment, which was teaching and learning grammar through using task-based language teaching and the control group received traditional teaching which is teaching grammar through instruction on examples and drills proposed by the teacher. After 12 sessions of treatment, the two groups were administered the same teacher-made grammar test as posttest. Data were analyzed by Paired and Independent Samples t-­test. The findings showed that the experimental group significantly performed better than the control group. Generally, the experimental groups outperformed the control groups. Furthermore, the results of motivation questionnaire show that there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups' motivation in the post-test of questionnaire which implies that the experimental group's motivation increased significantly. The results suggest that task-based language teaching can be used in English classes to develop grammar ability among Iranian EFL learners.

  1. Geological field study for science education on Elementary and Junior high school student, in Shimane prefecture, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, I.

    2011-12-01

    The importance of learning at field has been increasing in the elementary and the junior high school in Japan. And, an environmental education is one of the important subjects even in the school education, too. It was important, as for science education, understanding with actual feeling and learning were specified as for the Teaching outlines (the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) of the new science textbook of the elementary and the junior high school as well. However, It is a little actual situation that there is in an opportunity for the field learning enforced in the school lesson by the investigation of JST (Japan Science and Tecnology Agency). This tendency is strong as much as school of the city and that circumference. I have this cause think that there are a few suitable places for learning to observe geological and biological field near school. In addition, below two is pointed out as a big problem to obstruct the execution of field learning. 1) A natural experience isn't being done sufficient as much as a teacher can teach to the student. 2) It doesn't have the confidence that a teacher teaches a student geology and biology at the field. I introduce the practical example of geological field learning at the public elementary school of the Shimane prefecture by this research. Though it is the place where nature is comparatively rich even in Japan, it can't be said that field learning is popular in Shimane prefecture. A school teacher has to learning experience at field, and he must settle confidence to guide a student at the field. A specialist in the university and the museum must support continuous learning for that to the school teacher.

  2. Mathematical visualization process of junior high school students in solving a contextual problem based on cognitive style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utomo, Edy Setiyo; Juniati, Dwi; Siswono, Tatag Yuli Eko

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this research was to describe the mathematical visualization process of Junior High School students in solving contextual problems based on cognitive style. Mathematical visualization process in this research was seen from aspects of image generation, image inspection, image scanning, and image transformation. The research subject was the students in the eighth grade based on GEFT test (Group Embedded Figures Test) adopted from Within to determining the category of cognitive style owned by the students namely field independent or field dependent and communicative. The data collection was through visualization test in contextual problem and interview. The validity was seen through time triangulation. The data analysis referred to the aspect of mathematical visualization through steps of categorization, reduction, discussion, and conclusion. The results showed that field-independent and field-dependent subjects were difference in responding to contextual problems. The field-independent subject presented in the form of 2D and 3D, while the field-dependent subject presented in the form of 3D. Both of the subjects had different perception to see the swimming pool. The field-independent subject saw from the top, while the field-dependent subject from the side. The field-independent subject chose to use partition-object strategy, while the field-dependent subject chose to use general-object strategy. Both the subjects did transformation in an object rotation to get the solution. This research is reference to mathematical curriculum developers of Junior High School in Indonesia. Besides, teacher could develop the students' mathematical visualization by using technology media or software, such as geogebra, portable cabri in learning.

  3. Dynamics of peer relationships across the first two years of junior high as a function of gender and changes in classroom composition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lubbers, M.J.; Snijders, T.A.B.; Van der Werf, M.P.C.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the dynamics of peer relationships across the first 2 grades of Dutch junior high schools (average age 13-14). Specifically, we studied how gender and compositional changes in classrooms structured the changes in peer relationships between the 2 grades. Expectations were

  4. Spontaneous Steinbeck: The Influence of Arts Integration, Primarily Spontaneous Painting, on the Reader Response of High School Juniors to "The Grapes of Wrath"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klasek, Catherine Huey

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses my experience with a group of 11th grade students and their reading of The Grapes of Wrath (1939, 2002) by John Steinbeck. I questioned how the application of visual arts integration strategies, specifically the use of spontaneously created paintings, might influence the reader responses of my high school junior-level…

  5. The Effects of a Positive Mindset Trigger Word Pre-Performance Routine on the Expressive Performance of Junior High Age Singers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broomhead, Paul; Skidmore, Jon B.; Eggett, Dennis L.; Mills, Melissa M.

    2012-01-01

    The effects of a positive mindset trigger word intervention on the expressive performance of individual junior high singers were tested in this study. Participants (N = 155) were assigned randomly to a control group or an experimental group. Members of the experimental group participated in a 40-min intervention while members of the control group…

  6. The Effect of School Supervisors Competence and School Principals Competence on Work Motivation and Performance of Junior High School Teachers in Maros Regency, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arman; Thalib, Syamsul Bachri; Manda, Darman

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at analyzing the effect of the competence of school supervisors and school principals on work motivation and performance of Junior High School teachers in Maros Regency. This research was a quantitative research by using survey approach. This approach was used because it is adjusted to the nature and assumptions of the study in…

  7. Predictors of intention to smoke among junior high school students in Shanghai, China: an empirical test of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Chendi; Cai, Yong; Ma, Jin; Li, Na; Zhu, Jingfen; He, Yaping; Redmon, Pamela; Qiao, Yun

    2013-01-01

    Adolescent smoking is a worldwide problem that is particularly severe in low- and middle-income countries. Many endogenous and environmental factors affect the intention to smoke, so a comprehensive model is needed to understand the significance and relationship of predictors. The study aimed to test the associations among information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model constructs as predictors of intention to smoke in junior high school students in Shanghai, China. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 16,500 junior high school students in Shanghai, China. Data on tobacco-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors were collected from students. Structural equation model (SEM) was used to assess the IMB model. The mean age of participants was 13.8 years old (standard deviation = 1.02; range 11-17). The experimental smoking rate among junior high school students was 6.6% and 8.7% of the participants expected that they would be smokers in 5 years. The IMB model provided acceptable fit to the data (comparative fit index = 0.984, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04). Intention to smoke was predicted by behavioral skills (β = 0.670, P intention to smoke and it suggests future interventions among junior high school students should focus on improving motivation and behavioral skills.

  8. Le Resolution de problemes--defi des mathematiques--secondaire--premier cycle (Problem Solving Challenge for Mathematics. Junior High School Curriculum).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This document is designed to assist teachers in helping students in further development of problem-solving skills. It consists of: a statement of purpose; an introduction (noting the place of problem-solving in junior high school mathematics curricula); a definition of problem-solving; a four-stage general framework for solving problems (which…

  9. Censorship of IMC Materials in Wisconsin Schools. Part I: Focus on Middle/Junior High Schools. Results of a Survey Conducted in May 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison.

    Professional staff in school libraries and instructional media centers (IMCs) located in 229 Wisconsin middle and junior high schools were surveyed anonymously to collect information on censorship attempts in their schools during 1978-79 and 1979-80. A total of 212 surveys were returned. Survey participants were asked to respond to questions…

  10. The Development of Learning Devices Based Guided Discovery Model to Improve Understanding Concept and Critical Thinking Mathematically Ability of Students at Islamic Junior High School of Medan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuliani, Kiki; Saragih, Sahat

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to: 1) development of learning devices based guided discovery model in improving of understanding concept and critical thinking mathematically ability of students at Islamic Junior High School; 2) describe improvement understanding concept and critical thinking mathematically ability of students at MTs by using…

  11. How the Curriculum Guideline "The Cell Is to Be Studied Longitudinally" Is Expressed in Six Israeli Junior-High-School Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Rachel; Yarden, Anat

    2010-01-01

    The most recent science and technology curriculum for junior high school in Israel contains a new guideline stating that the cell topic is to be taught "longitudinally in conjunction with other study contents." This guideline confers a change in teaching the cell topic and provides an opportunity to form meaningful relationships between…

  12. Elaborare in sardo, elaborare in italiano. Una ricerca nella scuola media (Uses of Sardinian and Italian: Research in the Junior High School).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Maria Antonietta; Migaleddu, Maria Vittoria

    1989-01-01

    Presents a historic overview and analysis of the Sardinian language (actually a system of dialects), and defines diglossia and bilingualism. A discussion focuses on research conducted in two junior high schools to determine the differences in linguistic behavior in two contrasting situations (village and city) in regard to Sardinian and Italian.…

  13. Elaborare in sardo, elaborare in italiano. Una ricerca nella scuola media (Uses of Sardinian and Italian: Research in the Junior High School).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Maria Antonietta; Migaleddu, Maria Vittoria

    1989-01-01

    Presents a historic overview and analysis of the Sardinian language (actually a system of dialects), and defines diglossia and bilingualism. A discussion focuses on research conducted in two junior high schools to determine the differences in linguistic behavior in two contrasting situations (village and city) in regard to Sardinian and Italian.…

  14. Spontaneous Steinbeck: The Influence of Arts Integration, Primarily Spontaneous Painting, on the Reader Response of High School Juniors to "The Grapes of Wrath"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klasek, Catherine Huey

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses my experience with a group of 11th grade students and their reading of The Grapes of Wrath (1939, 2002) by John Steinbeck. I questioned how the application of visual arts integration strategies, specifically the use of spontaneously created paintings, might influence the reader responses of my high school junior-level…

  15. A Comparative Study of the Use of Persian vs. English in Teaching English Grammar to Iranian Students in Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrseresht, Kowsar; Gowhary, Habib; Azizifar, Akbar

    2015-01-01

    This study compared the relationship between the use of Persian vs. English in teaching English grammar to Iranian students and their achievement in learning English grammar. The participants of this study include 50 female students from a junior high school in Mehran. The researcher randomly selected 2 groups, one group was taught through the…

  16. A Process and Outcome Evaluation of an Affective In-Service Training Program for Junior High School Teachers: Second Year Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    Teachers were trained in either or both of two versions of Effective Classroom Management--Junior High (ECM). In the second year of the study, teachers were taught techniques in discipline, communication, and self-esteem enhancement. The goals of the in-service training were to make teachers more responsive to students' affective and cognitive…

  17. Predictors of intention to smoke among junior high school students in Shanghai, China: an empirical test of the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chendi Zhu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adolescent smoking is a worldwide problem that is particularly severe in low- and middle-income countries. Many endogenous and environmental factors affect the intention to smoke, so a comprehensive model is needed to understand the significance and relationship of predictors. The study aimed to test the associations among information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB model constructs as predictors of intention to smoke in junior high school students in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 16,500 junior high school students in Shanghai, China. Data on tobacco-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and behaviors were collected from students. Structural equation model (SEM was used to assess the IMB model. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 13.8 years old (standard deviation = 1.02; range 11-17. The experimental smoking rate among junior high school students was 6.6% and 8.7% of the participants expected that they would be smokers in 5 years. The IMB model provided acceptable fit to the data (comparative fit index = 0.984, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04. Intention to smoke was predicted by behavioral skills (β = 0.670, P < 0.001 and motivation (β = 0.095, P<0.001 among junior high school students. CONCLUSION: The IMB model provides a good understanding of the predictors of intention to smoke and it suggests future interventions among junior high school students should focus on improving motivation and behavioral skills.

  18. 小组工作介入农村留守初中生自我控制的应用研究%Team work in the rural left-behind junior high school students self control of application research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡远飞

    2015-01-01

    对于留守初中生来说,影响其生活的心理品质更多地取决于自我控制的强弱,但留守的境况中家庭教育缺失很容易导致自我控制能力的缺乏。基于此,特对留守初中生自我控制能力的提高进行研究,通过制定小组方案计划在贵州省瓮安县Y中学开展社会工作实务,运用小组工作的专业方法来提高农村留守初中生的自我控制能力,提出小组方法在提高留守初中生自我控制能力应用上的适应性和有效性。研究和实践显示:小组工作方法适用于相关的教育和管理实践活动,它对于留守初中生的自我控制能力的提高有着切实的积极意义。%For the left-behind junior middle school students, affect their psychological quality of life more depends on the strength of the self-control, but staying in the circumstances of the lack of family education could easily lead to the lack of self-control. Based on this, the improvement of left-behind junior high school students self control ability is studied, through formulating the plan of team project in Guizhou province Weng 'an Y schools of social work practice, using professional team work method to raise rural left-behind junior high school students self control ability, group method is put forward to raise the left-behind junior middle school students self-control adaptability and effectiveness of the application. Research and practice shows that: group work method is suitable for the education and management practice, it rises to the self-control ability of left-behind junior middle school students had a positive practical significance.

  19. Expo Junior

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

    Fort de son succès Expo Juniors revient du 22 au 23 novembre 2014 - Papa & Maman Noël seront présents ! Nous avons le plaisir de  proposer à nos membres des billets d'entrées  à un tarif préférentiel, au prix de CHF 10.- l'unité au lieu de CHF 18.- (gratuit pour les enfants de 0 à 4 ans). Des centaines d’ateliers répartis en 3 villages : Sports & Loisirs, Jeux & Jouets, Éducation & Vie pratique. Cet événement propose aux familles aussi d'autres thèmes : tourisme, idées cadeaux, mode, bien-être, beauté, décoration, ainsi que des services destinés aux familles. Parades, attractions, castings, défilés de mode, dédicaces, séances photos avec Papa Noël, ainsi que de nombre...

  20. Multicultural and multilingual approach: Mathematics, science, and engineering education for junior high school minority students and high school administrators. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crumbly, I.J.; Hodges, J.

    1994-09-01

    During the 1993 school year, LLNL and the US Department of Energy`s San Francisco Field Office provided funds through grant {number_sign}DE-FG03-93SF20045/A000 to assist Cooperative Developmental Energy Program (CDEP) with its network coalition of high school counselors from 19 states and with its outreach and early intervention program in mathematics, science and engineering for minority junior high school students. The program for high school counselors is called the National Educators Orientation Program (NEOP) and the outreach program for minority junior high school students is called the Mathematics, Science and Engineering Academy (MSEA). A total of 35 minority and female rising eighth grade students participated in the Second Annual Mathematics, Science, and Engineering Academy sponsored by the Cooperative Developmental Energy Program of Fort Valley State College (FVSC). There were 24 students from the middle Georgia area, 4 students from Oakland, California, and 7 students from Portland, Oregon. Each student was selected by counselor in his or her respective school. The selection criteria were based on the students` academic performance in science and mathematics courses.

  1. The Enhancement of Junior High School Students’ Abilities in Mathematical Problem Solving Using Soft Skill-Based Metacognitive Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atma Murni

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to know the differences of enhancement inmathematical problem solving ability (MPSA between the studentswho received soft skill- based metacognitive learning (SSML with thestudents who got conventional learning (CL. This research is a quasiexperimental design with pretest-postest control group. The populationin this study is the students of Junior High School in Pekanbaru city.The sample consist of 135 students, 68 of them are from the high-levelschool, and 67 students are from the middle-level school. The instruments are mathematical prior knowledge (MPK test, MPSA test,instruction observation sheet, students journal about the lesson, and the guideline for interview. The data was analyzed using t-test and two way ANOVA. The result of data analysis indicates: (1 overall, theenhancement of students’ MPSA with SSML approach significantly ishigher than those with conventional learning (CL; (2 there is nointeraction between the learning approach (SSML and CL with theschool level (high and middle toward the enhancement of MPSA; (3there is no interaction between the learning approach (SSML and CLwith MPK (upper, middle, and low toward the enhancement of MPSA.

  2. IMPLEMENTATION OF LEVELS OF INQUIRY ON SCIENCE LEARNING TO IMPROVE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT’S SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. K. Arief

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Scientific literacy is the key learning  outcomes for all students. Based on observation, scientific literacy of student is less facilitated in science  learning.  Learning of levels of inquiry is one of  solution alternative to increase science literacy. So that, that aim of this study to improve scientific literacy for junior high school students through implementing levels of inquiry in science learning with the theme of global warming. This study used a weak experimental with one group pretest-posttest design. The sample in this study are 35 student at 7th  grade at junior high school in Second semester in academic year 2014/2015. The data of this study is taken by scientific literacy test. The results showed that explain phenomena scientifically competence and interpret data and evidence scientifically competence has increased significantly. Meanwhile, evaluate and design scientific enquiry competence is not significantly increased. In addition, the domain knowledge indicates that the three aspects of the knowledge which consist of content knowledge, procedural knowledge, and epistemic knowledge has increased significantly. Literasi sains merupakan hasil belajar kunci bagi semua siswa. Berdasarkan hasil observasi, literasi sains siswa kurang difasilitasi dalam proses pembelajaran IPA di kelas. Pembelajaran levels of inquiry merupakan salah satu alternatif solusi untuk meningkatkan literasi sains. Oleh karena itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa SMP melalui penerapan levels of inquiry pada pembelajaran IPA tema pemanasan global. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen lemah dengan desain penelitian one group pretest-posttest. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 35 siswa kelas VII SMP pada semester genap tahun pelajaran 2014/2015. Data penelitian diperoleh melalui tes literasi sains. Temuan dalam penelitian ini adalah kompetensi menjelaskan fenomena ilmiah dan kompetensi menginterpretasikan data

  3. 25 CFR 36.23 - Standard VIII-Junior high/middle school instructional program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Language arts. One unit shall be required of each student every year. (2) Social studies. One unit shall be... education. (4) Consumer economics (including personal finances). (5) Health education (includes meeting the requirements contained in 24 Stat. 69). (d) Languages other than English are encouraged to be offered as a...

  4. Drug Prevention in Junior High: A Multi-Site Longitudinal Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellickson, Phyllis L.; Bell, Robert M.

    Although concern about adolescent drug use has grown over the past two decades, strategies for controlling use have not kept pace. Project ALERT (Adolescent Learning Experiences in Resistance Training), a school-based program, specifically targets cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana, the so-called gateway drugs. It is based on the social influence…

  5. English as a Second Language Learners' Exploration of Multimodal Texts in a Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajayi, Lasisi

    2009-01-01

    This study is concerned with the significance of the affordances of multimodality in contemporary conceptualizations of ESL/literacy pedagogies. Using a cellular phone advertisement, 18 students composed visual representations of their understandings of the text. Drawing on the social semiotic framework of Kress and van Leeuwen, the annotated…

  6. Frequency of Student-Initiated Turns and Teacher-Solicited Questions in Junior and Senior High School English Classes in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Jacqueline, Norris-Holt

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the level of classroom participation by Japanese students engaged in the study of English and the interaction between both instructor and students within the structured environment of the classroom. The subjects of the study included two separate age groups, one a first year junior high school class and the other a third year senior high school class. For the purpose of the study classroom participation was defined as responses to general and personal solicits by the t...

  7. Camp Campus: College Preparation for Adolescents and Young Adults with High-Functioning Autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Other Social Communication Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retherford, Kristine S.; Schreiber, Linda R.

    2015-01-01

    Camp Campus is a 1-week campus experience for juniors or seniors in high school or high school graduates who are diagnosed with high-functioning autism, Asperger syndrome, or a related social communication disorder and who plan to attend college. Participants experience campus life by partaking of campus services, living and dining on campus,…

  8. Camp Campus: College Preparation for Adolescents and Young Adults with High-Functioning Autism, Asperger Syndrome, and Other Social Communication Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retherford, Kristine S.; Schreiber, Linda R.

    2015-01-01

    Camp Campus is a 1-week campus experience for juniors or seniors in high school or high school graduates who are diagnosed with high-functioning autism, Asperger syndrome, or a related social communication disorder and who plan to attend college. Participants experience campus life by partaking of campus services, living and dining on campus,…

  9. Teaching image-processing concepts in junior high school: boys' and girls' achievements and attitudes towards technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak, Moshe; Asad, Khaled

    2012-04-01

    Background : This research focused on the development, implementation and evaluation of a course on image-processing principles aimed at middle-school students. Purpose : The overarching purpose of the study was that of integrating the learning of subjects in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), and linking the learning of these subjects to the children's world and to the digital culture characterizing society today. Sample : The participants were 60 junior high-school students (9th grade). Design and method : Data collection included observations in the classes, administering an attitude questionnaire before and after the course, giving an achievement exam and analyzing the students' final projects. Results and conclusions : The findings indicated that boys' and girls' achievements were similar throughout the course, and all managed to handle the mathematical knowledge without any particular difficulties. Learners' motivation to engage in the subject was high in the project-based learning part of the course in which they dealt, for instance, with editing their own pictures and experimenting with a facial recognition method. However, the students were less interested in learning the theory at the beginning of the course. The course increased the girls', more than the boys', interest in learning scientific-technological subjects in school, and the gender gap in this regard was bridged.

  10. Design and Development Computer-Based E-Learning Teaching Material for Improving Mathematical Understanding Ability and Spatial Sense of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurjanah; Dahlan, J. A.; Wibisono, Y.

    2017-02-01

    This paper aims to make a design and development computer-based e-learning teaching material for improving mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students. Furthermore, the particular aims are (1) getting teaching material design, evaluation model, and intrument to measure mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (2) conducting trials computer-based e-learning teaching material model, asessment, and instrument to develop mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (3) completing teaching material models of computer-based e-learning, assessment, and develop mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense of junior high school students; (4) resulting research product is teaching materials of computer-based e-learning. Furthermore, the product is an interactive learning disc. The research method is used of this study is developmental research which is conducted by thought experiment and instruction experiment. The result showed that teaching materials could be used very well. This is based on the validation of computer-based e-learning teaching materials, which is validated by 5 multimedia experts. The judgement result of face and content validity of 5 validator shows that the same judgement result to the face and content validity of each item test of mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense. The reliability test of mathematical understanding ability and spatial sense are 0,929 and 0,939. This reliability test is very high. While the validity of both tests have a high and very high criteria.

  11. A Probe into Junior High School English Homework%初中英语课外作业的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟柯影

    2012-01-01

    Traditional homework concept can't adapt to the requirements of new eurriculum. Hence, teachers must stress the effectiveness, easiness and autonomy of homework contents, and implement multi-level homework, strengthen strategy guidance and advocate students participating into homework design and improve homework correction methods, thus to improve the effectiveness of junior high school English homework.%传统的作业观已经不能适应新课程实施的要求。因此,教师必须重视作业内容的有效性,作业内容的难易性,作业内容的自主性,并实施分层作业,加强策略指导,提倡学生参与作业设计和改进作业批改方式,以此作为提高初中荚语作业有效性的重要途径。

  12. Making a Math Teaching Aids of Junior High School Based on Scientific Approach Through an Integrated and Sustainable Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pujiastuti, E.; Mashuri

    2017-04-01

    Not all of teachers of Mathematics in Junior High School (JHS) can design and create teaching aids. Moreover, if teaching aids should be designed so that it can be used in learning through scientific approaches. The problem: How to conduct an integrated and sustainable training that the math teacher of JHS, especially in Semarang can design and create teaching aids that can be presented to the scientific approach? The purpose of this study to find a way of integrated and continuous training so that the math teacher of JHS can design and create teaching aids that can be presented to the scientific approach. This article was based on research with a qualitative approach. Through trials activities of resulting of training model, Focus Group Discussions (FGD), interviews, and triangulation of the results of the research were: (1) Produced a training model of integrated and sustainable that the mathematics teacher of JHS can design and create teaching aids that can be presented to the scientific approach. (2) In training, there was the provision of material and workshop (3) There was a mentoring in the classroom. (4) Sustainability of the consultation. Our advice: (1) the trainer should be clever, (2) the training can be held at the holidays, while the assistance during the holiday season was over.

  13. Overcoming Junior High School Students' Misconceptions About Microscopic Views of Phase Change: A Study of an Analogy Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Chin-Chung

    1999-03-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of an analogy activity, which was designed to overcome junior high students' misconceptions about the microscopic views of phase change. Eighty Taiwanese 8 th graders were randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. For the control group, the subjects were instructed through traditional teaching whereas for the experimental group, an analogy activity was conducted on students. This specific analogy activity was presented in the form of role-playing in which students acted as particles and worked together to perform the conditions of phase changes. Through analyzing these students' drawings of the atom arrangements for the three states of some substances, it was found that the students of experimental group, though in many cases, did not perform statistically better than did those of control group in an immediate posttest. The comparisons of a delay test between these two groups indicated that the analogy activity had clearly positive impacts on students' conceptual change on these scientific concepts in terms of long-term observations.

  14. Influence of a Non-formal Environmental Education Programme on Junior High-School Students' Environmental Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Daphne; Ben Zvi Assaraf, Orit; Shaharabani, Dina

    2013-02-01

    One of the solutions implemented by schools for conducting value-based environmental education (EE) is outsourcing: allocating external environmental organizations that develop and conduct EE programmes. This study addressed such a programme-the Green Council Programme (GCP)-developed and implemented in schools by the Israeli Society for Protection of Nature. A pre-test/post-test design was used to investigate the influence of participation in the GCP on components of junior high-school students' environmental literacy. Conceptualizations of 'environment', environmental attitudes and sense of ability to act on environmental issues were studied employing quantitative and qualitative tools. Contribution of the programme to the cognitive domain, in developing a systemic understanding of the environment, was limited. On the other hand, participating in this programme heightened students' sensitivity to human-environment interrelationships and developed a more ecological worldview. After the programme, students demonstrated greater perception of humans as part of the environment, an increased sensitivity to human impact on the environment and their value for non-human nature moved from an anthropocentric to a more ecocentric orientation. While students' internal locus-of-control increased, when environmental protection entailed personal economic trade-offs, their support was limited and remained unchanged. The article concludes with recommendations, based on the findings, regarding supplementing the school (science) curriculum with external EE enrichment programmes.

  15. Junior high school students' cognitive process in solving the developed algebraic problems based on information processing taxonomy model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwoko, Saad, Noor Shah; Tajudin, Nor'ain Mohd

    2017-05-01

    This study aims to: i) develop problem solving questions of Linear Equations System of Two Variables (LESTV) based on levels of IPT Model, ii) explain the level of students' skill of information processing in solving LESTV problems; iii) explain students' skill in information processing in solving LESTV problems; and iv) explain students' cognitive process in solving LESTV problems. This study involves three phases: i) development of LESTV problem questions based on Tessmer Model; ii) quantitative survey method on analyzing students' skill level of information processing; and iii) qualitative case study method on analyzing students' cognitive process. The population of the study was 545 eighth grade students represented by a sample of 170 students of five Junior High Schools in Hilir Barat Zone, Palembang (Indonesia) that were chosen using cluster sampling. Fifteen students among them were drawn as a sample for the interview session with saturated information obtained. The data were collected using the LESTV problem solving test and the interview protocol. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, while the qualitative data were analyzed using the content analysis. The finding of this study indicated that students' cognitive process was just at the step of indentifying external source and doing algorithm in short-term memory fluently. Only 15.29% students could retrieve type A information and 5.88% students could retrieve type B information from long-term memory. The implication was the development problems of LESTV had validated IPT Model in modelling students' assessment by different level of hierarchy.

  16. Inquiry Based Learning Model Natural Phenomena to Improve The Curiousity and Mastery of Teh Concept of Junior High School Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleh Hadiryanto

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the increase curiousity and mastery of the concept of junior high school students after participating in inquiry learning based on the natural phenomenon of motion plant material. The method used is experiment using a randomized design Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. In the conduct of research, classroom-based inquiry learning experiments using natural phenomena and grade control using conventional learning. The instrument used is the concept mastery tests and questionnaires curiousity students. The results of calculation of N-gain scores showed a rise curiousity and mastery of concepts students both in the experimental and control groups, but the increase in the experimental group was higher than the control group. Through two different test average showed a significant difference curiousity improvement and mastery of concepts students at level α of 0.05 between students who learn by inquiry-based learning and the study of natural phenomena with conventional learning. Increased curiousity and mastery of concepts students learn the natural phenomena based inquiry learning in the experimental group is higher than that of learning through conventional teaching in the control group.

  17. Motivational Strategies in Teaching English as Foreign Language: A Case Study in Junior High School 7 Kuningan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Aprianto Budie Nugroho

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to analyze motivational strategies in teaching English as foreign language at 7th grade of Junior High School 7 Kuningan and to analyze students‟ attitudes towards motivational strategies that were applied by teachers in teaching EFL. The researchers used qualitative research by using classroom observation, interview, and questionnaires. The result taken from classroom observation and interview show teacher 1 and teacher 3 applied motivational strategies completely based on the phases of motivational strategies. Thus, the students responded these strategies positively. On the other hand, teacher 2 applied motivational strategies incompletely because the teacher missed the first phases. This was responded negatively by students. Therefore, the students were actively involved in teaching and learning process conducted by teacher 1 and teacher 2, but the students were passively involved in teaching and learning process conducted by teacher 2. Furthermore, the result taken from questionnaires shows that students gave positive attitudes towards the teacher 1 (88.25%, teacher 2 (79.02%, and teacher 3 (85.71%. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the way the teachers applied motivational strategies in teaching EFL determined students‟ attitudes towards motivational strategies applied by teachers in teaching EFL.

  18. Developing mathematics learning set for special-needs junior high school student oriented to learning interest and achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai Sadidah

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to produce a mathematics learning set for special-needs students (mathematical learning disability and mathematically gifted of Junior High School Grade VIII Second Semester oriented to learning interests and achievement which is valid, practical, and effective. This study was a research and development study using the Four-D development model consisting of four stages: (1 define, (2 design, (3 develop, and (4 disseminate. The quality of learning set consisting of the following three criterions: (1 validity, (2 practicality, and (3 effectiveness.  The data analysis technique used in this study is a descriptive quantitative analysis. The research produced learning set consisting of lesson plans and student worksheets. The result of the research shows that: (1 the learning set fulfill the valid criteria base on experts’ appraisal; (2 the learning set fulfill the practical criterion base on teacher’s and students’ questionnaire, and observation of learning implementation; (3 the learning set fulfill the effectiveness criterion base on learning interest and achievement.

  19. Junior High School Chinese Language Dialogue Classes Building%初中语文对话课堂构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐胜华

    2014-01-01

    Junior high school language classroom building is reality requires in curriculum reform, dialogue class build-ing seizes several key elements as students, teachers, texts, life, highlighting the dominant position of students. Dia-logue class building should implement learning readiness→preview show→expand and extend→learning reflection and several other key processes, effectively promote teacher-student, life, born of the dialogue between the students and the life, to stimulate students' interest in learning the language, enhance the efficiency of the classroom and students' language literacy.%初中语文课堂构建是课程改革不断深入的现实需要,对话课堂构建抓住学生、教师、文本、生活等几个关键要素,突出学生的主体地位。对话课堂构建要充分落实好学习准备→预习展示→文本解读→拓展延伸→学习反思等几个关键过程,有效推进师生、生生、生本、学生与生活间的对话,激发学生语文学习兴趣,提升课堂效率与学生语文素养。

  20. THE REALIZATION OF E-BOOKS FOR TEACHING AS REFLECTED BY EFL TEACHERS OF ISLAMIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL (MTs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nana Priajana

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at processing empirical data to know the realization e-book program in EFL teaching and learning process as reflected by English teachers of Islamic Junior High School (MTs in Indonesia. It is a descriptive research of which the approach is a cross sectional survey. The result of this study was expected to be the basis for the government to re-evaluate the implementation of the national project of School Electronic Books (BSE. Based on the result of data analysis, the program of e-books should be revised as considering several factors affecting its insufficient use by the EFL teachers of MTs. The use of E-book in teaching and learning in Indonesia EFL classroom had been beyond the teachers’ outlook. It revealed that e-book and its advantages were not well recognized by many teachers of MTs in Indonesia because of lack awareness of rapid growth of technology and information in this case the use of internet. Keywords: e-book, teaching and learning, program, implementation

  1. Impact of the FUTURES series. [The impact of using the FUTURES Series on junior high school students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the FUTURES series in affecting junior high school students' attitudes towards math and careers. FUTURES is a series of 12 programs designed to encourage positive attitudes in students towards math and science. The series illustrates their relevance to a variety of careers. The programs are hosted by Jaime Escalante and targeted to seventh to 12th grade students, with a special focus on minority students. This study looked at the long-term effects of the FUTURES series under classroom conditions. This study was designed to measure the effectiveness of the series in: (1) increasing positive attitudes toward math and science in school; (2) motivating students to have more positive attitudes about their future careers; (3) widening the possible choices of careers that involve the use of math and science; and, (4) creating an understanding of the relevance of math and science to careers and daily life. In addition, this study examined the appeal of the series, the students' understanding of program content, and how the series was used in the classroom.

  2. 助学提纲在初中英语教学中的运用%Application of study-help syllabus in junior high school English teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄莺

    2015-01-01

    在初中英语课堂中,助学提纲可以使教学目标更清晰,学生学习更高效。结合课堂教学实践,阐述对初中英语助学提纲四要素即 Habit,Everybody,Lead,Progress 的认识及其在英语教学中的运用。%In junior high school English class,the “student-help syllabus”can make the teaching objectives clea-rer,and students'learning more efficient.Combined with classroom teaching experience,the author describes the four elements of the junior high school English student help syllabus,namely Habit,Everybody,Lead,Progress and the practice in English teaching.

  3. 突破初中英语写作瓶颈的策略分析%Strategies to Break the Bottleneck of Junior High School English Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓剑昆

    2014-01-01

    English learning includes listening, speaking, reading and writing four parts, in junior high school English teach-ing, teaching writing is an important and indispensable component. The vocabulary of English composition, structure, gram-mar, etc. in one set, writing instruction can promote students' comprehensive ability to use language. However, the current situation is not optimistic teaching junior high school English writing;students learn English writing is not only weak link, but also one of the bottlenecks in the teaching of English teachers. Therefore, this article is for junior high school English Writing discuss the problems in the analysis, put forward some writing teaching measures to improve the quality of teaching and promoting junior high school English writing skills.%英语学习包括了听、说、读、写四个部分,在初中英语教学中,写作教学是不可缺少的重要组成部分。英语作文将词汇、结构、语法等集于一体,写作教学能够促进学生综合语言运用能力。但是,初中英语写作教学现状不容乐观,英语写作不仅是学生学习的薄弱环节,同时也是英语教师在教学中的瓶颈之一。因此,本文就针对初中英语写作教学中存在的问题进行探讨分析,提出了一些写作教学措施,从而提高教学质量,促进初中生英语写作水平。

  4. How to Improve the History Teaching Efficiency in Junior High Schools%如何提高初中历史教学效率

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董志新

    2016-01-01

    In the present when the new curriculum reform is gradually deepening, the junior high school history teachers should also adhere to the concept of quality education, to improve the students’ comprehensive quality and their ability to learn through history teaching. Junior high school history teachers should combine schools’ practical situation with the students' learning situation, to create a good learning atmosphere for students under the new curriculum standard request and on the basis of interest, they should set up an innovative teaching goal, to improve the junior high school history teaching efficiency through various teaching methods.%在新课程改革逐步深化的当下,初中历史教师也要秉承素质教育理念,通过历史教学提高学生的综合素养和学习能力。初中历史教师要结合好学校实际情况和学生的学习情况,在新课程标准要求下,以兴趣为基础,为学生营造好的学习氛围,制定有创新性的教学目标,通过多样的教学方法提高初中历史教学效率。

  5. Gender-related differences in reasoning skills and learning interests of junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemesh, Michal

    The purpose of this study was to investigate gender-related differences in the relationship between the development of formal reasoning skills and learning interests during the early adolescent stage. For this purpose, 249 students, from seventh to ninth grade, were assessed for their level of mastery of formal reasoning skills by a test based on videotaped simple experiments. Learning interests were assessed by a written response to an open question. Results showed that adolescent boys develop patterns of formal reasoning before their girl classmates. In addition, boys tend to prefer science and technology subjects, while girls tend to prefer language, social studies, and humanities. Analysis of interactions showed that boys' tendency toward science and technology is positively correlated to their age and development of formal reasoning, while girls' tendency to the above subjects is positively related to their development of formal reasoning capacity, but inversely related to their age. Possible explanations to the above-described findings and suggestions for instructional modes that may increase girls' interest in science and technology are discussed.

  6. Online Diagnostic Assessment: Potential and Limitations (The case of DIALANG in the Greek Junior High School Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vassiliki Baglantzi

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This study explored the potential of DIALANG to serve placement purposes in the 1st grade of Greek state junior high school. The DIALANG system of language assessment is an application of the Common European Framework of Reference (Council of Europe, 2001, which assesses the user’s level in five skills (listening, writing, reading, vocabulary and structures and places them on one of the six (A1-C2 CEFR levels. It is a valid and reliable, online diagnostic test, which makes extensive use of self-assessment and provides several types of feedback. So far, DIALANG has been mainly used by adult learners in 14 languages in self-access, low-stakes contexts around Europe. However, the research focus in this study is whether DIALANG can replace teacher made placement tests for younger learners of English. Teacher-made tests are often criticized on the grounds of validity, reliability and content, therefore the use of a standardized alternative would facilitate placement procedures in a valid and reliable way. 20 students took DIALANG and then reported on their experience through a questionnaire. The students were also involved in self-assessing their reading, writing and listening skills using the DIALANG self-assessment statements. Their teacher also used the DIALANG scales to assess the students’ proficiency level in these three skills. The research findings showed that DIALANG can be a highly practical and useful placement tool provided that it is limited to the assessment of three skills (listening, writing and reading out of the five it can assess. Results also showed that neither the students nor the teacher are adequately familiar with the DIALANG statements and consequently the CEFR skills level descriptors, although these levels are extensively used in the description of textbooks, language courses and exams in the ELT field in Greece.

  7. The Effect of Predeparture Training Loads on Posttour Physical Capacities in High-Performance Junior Tennis Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Alistair P; Duffield, Rob; Kellett, Aaron; Gescheit, Dani; Reid, Machar

    2015-11-01

    Difficulties in preserving physical capacities while on tennis tours necessitate targeted training prescription. This study analyzed training and match loads performed before and on tour for their relationship with posttour physical-capacity changes. A secondary aim was to determine whether the presence of a strength and conditioning (S&C) coach affected the type and volume of on-tour training load. The training and match loads of 30 high-performance junior tennis players were recorded over 8 wk: 4 wk before and 4 wk during an international tour. Fitness tests were conducted pretour and posttour, including double and single-leg (dominant and nondominant) countermovement jump, speed (5, 10, and 20 m), modified 5-0-5 agility, 10 × 20-m repeated-sprint ability, and multistage fitness tests. Tour training and match loads were categorized according to whether S&C support was present or absent. Total and tennis training loads were significantly greater on tour than pretour (P ≤ .05, d > 0.8). Increases in on-tour, on-court training loads were moderately correlated with decrements in speed and aerobic power (r = .31-.52). Finally, S&C presence on tour significantly increased total, on-court, and off-court training load completed (P ≤ .05, d > 0.8). Training loads should be carefully prescribed to ensure that sufficient total and tennis loads are completed pretour. Specifically, speed and aerobic capacities may regress with increased training on tour. Finally, a practical observation was that on-tour S&C support resulted in increased S&C training load (around match loads), potentially countering the observed regression of physical capacities. Such a finding has the capacity to alter current physical-preparation structures in high-performance tennis environments with finite resources.

  8. The Effect of Diet on Learning of Junior High School Students in Mashhad, North-east of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Saeidi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Since nutrition, especially in childhood and adolescence is an important effect on intelligence and learning, so that malnutrition delayed to later periods of life, so that these people during the course of studies, will have many problems, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nutrition on student learning. Materials and Methods This study was a cross-sectional study  that was conducted. The sample size was  all students that studying in a boarding school in  five district of  Mashhad-Iran. The valid and reliable questionnaire, consisted of 19 questions and specialized feeding habits of the students. Data were analyzed with spss-13 software. Results 90 students participated in the study guide. 48.9 % were second grade  and 51.1 % were third grade of  Junior High School. 24.4% of students in their grade point average were between was between 15-13; 65.6%  were 15-18 and also 10% of them their grade point average were between 18-20. 67.8% of students said that they love so much sweetmeat and 61.1% of students with food, pickles and salt used as high. Results showed that 38.8% of students had used too much salt in food, and on the other hand, 27.8% of students had used salt moderate. Results showed that students who had a grade average lower, the consumption of fish, red and white  meat, green and orange vegetables and dairy products were lower than the other students (p

  9. Non-exposure parenting increases risk of bullying behavior in junior high school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surilena Hasan

    2016-05-01

    Non-exposure parenting was the most relevant risk factor of bullying behavior. Low self-esteem increases the risk of bullying behavior. These findings suggest the need of timely bullying prevention and intervention programs that should have a special focus on families of primary high school students.

  10. Similarities between Students Receiving Dress Code Violations and Discipline Referrals at Newport Junior High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, Nikki

    2007-01-01

    Background: Looking at dress code violations and demographics surrounding kids breaking the rules. Purpose: To see if there is a connection between dress code violations and discipline referrals. Setting: Jr. High School; Study Sample: Students with dress code violations for one week; Intervention: N/A; Research Design: Correlational; and Control…

  11. An evaluation of applying the 'Critical thinking model' to teaching global warming to junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, J.; Hong, C.; Hsu, Y.

    2013-12-01

    Climate change is a consequence of interaction among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and geosphere. The causes of climate change are extremely complicated for scientists to explain. The fact that the global climate has kept warming in the past few decades is one example. It remains controversial for scientists whether this warming is the result of human activity or natural causes. This research aims to lead students to discuss the causes of global warming from distinct and controversial viewpoints to help the students realize the uncertainty and complicated characteristics of the global warming issue. The context of applying the critical thinking model to teaching the scientific concepts of climate change and global warming is designed for use in junior high schools. The videos of the upside concept 'An Inconvenient Truth' (a 2006 documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim) and the reverse-side concept 'The Great Global Warming Swindle' (a 2007 documentary film made by British television producer/director Martin Durkin) about the global warming crisis are incorporated into lessons in order to guide students to make their own decisions appropriately when discussing the earth climate change crisis. A questionnaire, individual teacher interviews and observations in class were conducted to evaluate the curriculum. The pre-test and post-test questionnaires showed differences in the students' knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards the global warming phenomenon before and after attending the lessons. The results show that those students who attended the whole curriculum had a significant increase in their knowledge and behavior factors of global climate (P value post-test questionnaires (P value=0.329). From the individual interviews, the teachers who gave the lessons indicated that this project could increase the interaction with their students during class and improve the efficiency of learning.

  12. Implementation literacy strategies on health technology theme Learning to enhance Indonesian Junior High School Student's Physics Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feranie, Selly; Efendi, Ridwan; Karim, Saeful; Sasmita, Dedi

    2016-08-01

    The PISA results for Indonesian Students are lowest among Asian countries in the past two successive results. Therefore various Innovations in science learning process and its effectiveness enhancing student's science literacy is needed to enrich middle school science teachers. Literacy strategies have been implemented on health technologies theme learning to enhance Indonesian Junior high school Student's Physics literacy in three different health technologies e.g. Lasik surgery that associated with application of Light and Optics concepts, Ultra Sonographer (USG) associated with application of Sound wave concepts and Work out with stationary bike and walking associated with application of motion concepts. Science learning process involves at least teacher instruction, student learning and a science curriculum. We design two main part of literacy strategies in each theme based learning. First part is Integrated Reading Writing Task (IRWT) is given to the students before learning process, the second part is scientific investigation learning process design packed in Problem Based Learning. The first part is to enhance student's science knowledge and reading comprehension and the second part is to enhance student's science competencies. We design a transformation from complexity of physics language to Middle school physics language and from an expensive and complex science investigation to a local material and simply hands on activities. In this paper, we provide briefly how literacy strategies proposed by previous works is redesigned and applied in classroom science learning. Data were analysed using t- test. The increasing value of mean scores in each learning design (with a significance level of p = 0.01) shows that the implementation of this literacy strategy revealed a significant increase in students’ physics literacy achievement. Addition analysis of Avarage normalized gain show that each learning design is in medium-g courses effectiveness category

  13. 游戏教学法在初中体育中的应用%The Application of Game Teaching Method in Junior High School Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铳沛; 吴鹤飞

    2014-01-01

    爱玩是低年级学生与生俱来的性格特征,而游戏教学本身所具备生动活泼特点也恰到好处地迎合了学生的兴趣爱好。新课改下,初中体育教学形式不断丰富,就其中一种,即游戏教学法,对它的应用策略展开分析探究,旨在说明游戏教学在初中体育教学中的作用及价值。%Love to play is a junior student innate character,and the game itself has a lively teaching characteristic is proper to cater to the interests of students. Under the new curriculum reform,enrich the junior high school physical education teaching form,in this paper,one of them,namely the game teaching method,it analyzes the application of the strategy to explore,to explain the game teaching in junior middle school sports teaching the role and value.

  14. Ways to increase students’interest in oral English in junior high school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈瑞瑞

    2014-01-01

    English is the common means of communication between peoples of different nations.As China plays an important role in international communication it is necessary for Chinese students to speak fluent English.However,while many students can become good test-takers,they are not able to speak and write competently when they graduate from high school. In this paper , I attempt to find practical actions to increase student motivation.Based on current research,I wil explain reasons for poor oral English and explain the importance of motivation.The most important part is the practical actions needed to increase student motivation.Two actions are recommended student-centered activities and pair work and games.Specific examples to show how the actions can be implemented are also presented.

  15. [Trichophyton tonsurans infection among judo practitioners who attended the National Junior High School Judo Tournament in Japan (2005): incidence and therapeutic response].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suganami, Morio; Hirose, Nobuyoshi; Shiraki, Yumi; Hiruma, Masataro; Ikeda, Shigaku

    2006-01-01

    The spread of Trichophyton tonsurans infection among high school students and university undergraduates who practice Judo is an emerging problem in Japan and other countries. However, the extent of infection among Judo practitioners in junior high school in Japan is unknown. We conducted an epidemiological study of T. tonsurans infection among students who participated in the national junior high school Judo tournament in 2005. Of the 1,039 tournament participants invited to undergo screening, 496 (218 boys and 278 girls) consented, and 45 participants (9.1%) were found to be positive by hairbrush culture. We found the following to be relative risk factors for T. tonsurans infection: 1) male gender, 2) frequent judo practice in groups at either a high school or a dojo, 3) presence of tinea corporis in practice partners, 4) history of tinea corporis, 5) classification in lower-weight categories. 45 culture positive subjects were offered treatment and re-examined by hairbrush culture 3 months later. All twelve of them had negative cultures after miconazole shampoo treatment. A half of 12 subjects who had systemic antifungal therapy with itraconazole had positive culture. These observations suggest that T. tonsurans infection is rapidly spreading among junior high school Judo players in Japan. We speculate that the outbreak is caused, at least in part, by ignorance of the disease among Judo students, coaches and officials due to the high incidence of carriers and the mild or asymptomatic form of disease seen in infected individuals. Appropriate measures should be taken immediately to prevent more severe outbreak of this disease.

  16. A Brief Study of Junior High School Students' English Articulatory Problems in Baoji Area%A Brief Study of Junior High School Students'English Articulatory Problems in Baoji Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马卉

    2016-01-01

    Study of Articulation is a key factor in teaching English. By a brief research, some English articulatory problems are seen among junior middle school students in Baoji which mainly lie in misuttering the voiced labiodental, the dentals and,and misuttering nasal是 as for the reasons of transfer, evaluation system, teacher factors and learner factors. The author analyses the articulatory problems and puts forward the solutions to the problems as eliminating the negative transfer by massive practice,increasing learners' motivation and needs, and improving teachers' expertise to improve the learners'performance in English learning.

  17. The Concept Mastery in the Perspective of Gender of Junior High School Students on Eclipse Theme in Multiple Intelligences-based of Integrated Earth and Space Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liliawati, W.; Utama, J. A.; Mursydah, L. S.

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify gender-based concept mastery differences of junior high school students after the implementation of multiple intelligences-based integrated earth and space science learning. Pretest-posttest group design was employed to two different classes at one of junior high school on eclipse theme in Tasikmalaya West Java: one class for boys (14 students) and one class of girls (18 students). The two-class received same treatment. The instrument of concepts mastery used in this study was open-ended eight essay questions. Reliability test result of this instrument was 0.9 (category: high) while for validity test results were high and very high category. We used instruments of multiple intelligences identification and learning activity observation sheet for our analysis. The results showed that normalized N-gain of concept mastery for boys and girls were improved, respectively 0.39 and 0.65. Concept mastery for both classes differs significantly. The dominant multiple intelligences for boys were in kinesthetic while girls dominated in the rest of multiple intelligences. Therefor we concluded that the concept mastery was influenced by gender and student’s multiple intelligences. Based on this finding we suggested to considering the factor of gender and students’ multiple intelligences given in the learning activity.

  18. Study on the Strategies of Junior High School Chinese Writing Teaching%初中语文写作教学的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓花

    2014-01-01

    Writing is an important way of expression,but also the students’ Chinese accomplishment reflect,have important implications for language teaching,improve the teaching of junior high school Chinese writing strategies are discussed,and make a summary.%写作是表达的重要方式,也是学生语文素养的体现,对于语文教学拥有重要的意义,就提高初中语文写作教学的策略进行探讨,并做出总结。

  19. Analysis of Suicidal Ideation Influencing Factors For Junior High School Students%初中生自杀意念影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 金霞芳; 徐燕; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:探索初中生自杀意念的相关影响因素,为关注初中生心理健康提供实证依据。方法采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市松江区15所初中的2265名初中生进行一般情况问卷、自杀意念自评量表( SIOSS )、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、中学生抑郁量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)施测,以SPSS 17.0进行统计分析。结果①初中生1年内自杀意念检出率为13.47%;②学习成绩差、同伴关系差、有自杀家族史、父亲职业是农民、与父亲关系差、与母亲关系差、家庭经济状况差的初中生自杀意念检出率较高,差异有统计学意义(χ2=51.768,82.119,11.035,13.956,84.731,79.218,7.172;P<0.05);③有自杀意念组初中生的抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、丧失因子、健康适应因子、其他因子分均高于无自杀意念组,差异有统计学意义(t=-30.853,-25.108,-20.663,-18.947,-14.508,-11.480,-14.474,-19.018;P<0.001);④多因素Logistic回归分析表明,初中生自杀意念的影响因素包括性别、年级、家庭状况(是否是单亲家庭)、同伴关系、家庭经济状况、抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、受惩罚因子。结论初中生自杀意念与多因素有关,应加强对初中生群体的心理健康教育。%Objective To explore suicidal ideation influencing factors for junior high school students so as to provide empirical evi -dence for their psychological health .Methods Stratified random sampling was carried out to investigate total 2265 junior high school students from fifteen junior high middle schools of Songjiang district in Shanghai .A general questionnaire , Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale(SIOSS),Adolescent Self -Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Self -Rating Anxiety

  20. The Differences in the Images among Sports which Female Junior-high School Students Hope to Participate in, Soccer and Futsal

    OpenAIRE

    上野, 耕平; 中尾, 美佳

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences in the images among sports which female junior-high school students hope to participate in (F-sport), soccer and futsal. The subjects of the preliminary investigation were 10 female students who have played both soccer and futsal. They were asked about their images of soccer and futsal to develop a questionnaire to measure the images of both sports by using a semantic differential technique. In the first study, the questionnaire which w...

  1. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  2. [Surveillance study on use of over-the-counter drug and health food by school pharmacist for grade-schooler, junior high school student, and high school students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anraku, Makoto; Tomida, Hisao; Sato, Eiji; Tabuchi, Norihiko; Yoshitomi, Hironori; Okamura, Nobuyuki; Taguchi, Katsuhide; Kondo, Yuko; Murakami, Nobuyuki

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, it is necessary to acquire knowledge not only about medicine but also over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and health food for children, because lowering trend in the age of the health hazard by improper use of health food is reported. Therefore, in order to estimate the extent of use of OTC drugs and health food, the school pharmacists administered a questionnaire to students in grade-school (n=123), junior high school (n=303), and high school (n=115) in Fukuyama city. As a result of the questionnaire survey, surprisingly, the usage ratio of OTC drugs and health food showed the most increase in grade-schooler. The trigger of use of health food is "parents' recommendations" in the lower grades, otherwise the ratio of "use by themselves" was increased in the higher grades. Moreover, a remarkable difference was observed by the kinds of use in students with or without exercise. Interestingly, exercise group expected "physical strength" effects than no exercise group. In addition, the ratio of consultation to the pharmacist at the time of purchase of OTC drugs and health food was low in all grade students. In particular, the ratio of consultation to the pharmacist at the time of purchase of health food was very low in high school students. Therefore, to provide accurate information of medicine and health food for students, the school pharmacist should engage not only in routine work but also in positive guidance about OTC drugs and health food in the future.

  3. Social Studies for EMR Pupils; Teachers Resource Material. An Instructional Bulletin for Junior High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Los Angeles City Schools, CA. Div. of Instructional Planning and Services.

    This curriculum guide is designed for both new and experienced teachers of educable mentally retarded pupils. It contains an explanation of the life-problem curricular concept and a discussion of the psychology of learning applicable to these pupils. Each section of the guide corresponds to the specific objectives listed in SO 000 473. They…

  4. My Way of Teaching Mathematics in a Social Context (In Junior High School)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kneller, Shmuel

    2012-01-01

    This article is not comprehensive. It aims at encouraging all teachers of mathematics "to look behind the subject matter" and to probe what educational values it contains. More examples can easily be found. Suffice it to say that when Pythagoras proved his famous theorem, mankind "discovered" that the square root of 2 is an irrational number. The…

  5. Hinduism: A Unit for Junior High and Middle School Social Studies Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, Louis J.

    As an introduction and explanation of the historical development, major concepts, beliefs, practices, and traditions of Hinduism, this teaching unit provides a course outline for class discussion and activities for reading the classic epic, "The Ramayana." The unit requires 10 class sessions and utilizes slides, historical readings,…

  6. Importance of field scientific learning at the time of elementary and junior high school. - Introduction of geological field learning in Shimane Prefecture, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, I.

    2014-12-01

    Importance of the scientific field learning is increasing since the disaster by the Tohoku-Earthquake and Tsunami at the 11th March 2011, in Japan. Effective enforcement of the environmental education from a kindergarten to a University student is very important educational tool for protecting future earth's environment. Practice of the geological field study at the time of elementary and junior high school is very important. This study reports the present situation and the practice example of field scientific learning of Japan. Particularly, I report practice of the geological field education in a class of Shimane prefecture. I point out that "Consciousness (In)", "knowledge (About)", and "action (For)" are important three factors not only environmental education but also geological field education (e.g. Matsumoto, 2014). However, the practice rate of field geological learning at the elementary and junior high school is very low in Japan (Miyashita and Matsumoto, 2010). I introduce the effective method of increasing the practice rate of field geological study. I discuss about pedagogy which improves especially a student's scientific literacy.

  7. Thoughts about Junior High School Mathematics Laboratory Construction%初中数学实验室建设的若干思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵维坤; 马敏

    2015-01-01

    初中建立数学实验室是课程标准的要求,符合初中学生自身发展的需要;学校育人理念的转变、信息技术的发展、教师观念的转变使数学实验室建设成为可能;数学实验室的建设要体现“做”数学的环境,它是教师自我发展的载体,也是学生主动发展的场所;学生通过在实验室的活动,既提升了认知能力,又培养了发现、创造、创新的品质。%Junior high school Mathematics Laboratory Construction (MLC) is required by curriculum standards, which also meets the needs of their own development of junior high school students. Transformation of educating conception, development of information technology and changes of teaching idea make MLC possible. MLC should reflect the objective of building a sound environment for mathematics teaching and learning an environment which provides not only the carrier of teachers’ self-development, but also platform for students’ self-improvement. Students can not only enhance the cognitive abilities but also the capacities of discovery, creativity and innovation by making use of laboratory.

  8. Posttraumatic symptoms in elementary and junior high school children after the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami: symptom severity and recovery vary by age and sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwadare, Yoshitaka; Usami, Masahide; Suzuki, Yuriko; Ushijima, Hirokage; Tanaka, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Kyota; Kodaira, Masaki; Saito, Kazuhiko

    2014-04-01

    To measure psychiatric symptoms exhibited by children in Ishinomaki City, Japan, an area severely damaged by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, at 8 and 20 months post-tsunami to investigate differences in symptom severity and recovery rate by age, sex, and degree of trauma experienced. Prospective data were collected from children in elementary school (5th and 6th grades) and junior high school (8th and 9th grades). Students completed the Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children-15 (PTSSC-15) survey. Trauma severity was scored according to experiences of bereavement, home damage, and evacuation. In total, 3795 PTSSC-15 surveys were analyzed, yielding total scores, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) factor subscores, and depression factor subscores, which were analyzed according to grade group, sex, and degree of trauma (trauma dose). In the elementary school children, mean total PTSSC-15 score, PTSD factor score, and depression factor score were significantly improved at 20 months post-tsunami compared with 8 months (P children. In females of the older group, the depression factor score at 20 months post-tsunami was significantly higher than at 8 months (P children living near the epicenter of the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami exhibited marked differences in PTSD and depressive symptoms. The mental health status of elementary school children improved, whereas that of junior high school children did not. Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. [Longitudinal study of the lateness as a predictor of absenteeism: a three-year longitudinal study in a public junior high school in Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meifu, Yasuko; Iwata, Noboru; Mukasa, Akiko; Tsuda, Akira

    2012-10-01

    Although it is generally believed that frequent lateness might lead to absenteeism, the evidence for this has not been ascertained. We investigated the relationship between earlier lateness and subsequent absenteeism in a three-year longitudinal study in a public junior high school in Japan. The participants were 263 students (124 males, 139 females) whose school records were available for three consecutive academic years. Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that students who had been late for 30 or more days during their 1st year of junior high school were significantly more likely to show absenteeism during 2nd and 3rd year than students who had been late less than 30 days. Cox's proportional hazards regression model confirmed that frequent lateness was the only significant predictor, after controlling socio-demographics and psychosocial variables including stressors at school and stress responses. The substantial linkage of frequent lateness to absenteeism found in this study suggests the necessity of paying more attention to lateness for the prevention of absenteeism.

  10. 新课标下如何开展初中语文阅读教学%How to Carry out the New Curriculum Junior High School Language Teaching of Reading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓君

    2014-01-01

    阅读教学是初中语文教学的重要组成部分,不仅可以提高语文教学质量,也是其他学科的基础。如何开展初中语文阅读教学是语文教育者探索的课题。提出了新课标下初中语文阅读教学的有效策略。%Reading is an important part of teaching junior high school language teaching can not only improve the quality of language teaching, but also the basis for other disciplines. How to carry out junior high school language teaching of reading is to explore the subject of language educators. This paper presents an effective strategy under the New Curriculum junior high school language teaching of reading.

  11. 完善初中教学管理的有效策略分析%Effective Strategies to Improve the Junior High School Teaching Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金刚

    2012-01-01

    Teaching is an effective way of junior secondary school in training personnel,has an important impact on science teaching program to improve the quality of junior high school classroom teaching,cultivate students' interest and personal interests.This paper analyzed the middle school teaching management,to propose effective strategies,and specific improvement of the deep-seated the improvement of the quality of teaching,to assist teachers in teaching,as well as teachers' management.%教学是初中院校培养人才的有效方式,科学的教学方案对提高初中课堂教学质量、培养学生的学习兴趣和个人爱好具有重要影响。本文将从初中教学的管理方向进行分析,提出有效策略,对教学质量深层次的提高进行具体的完善,为辅助教师教学,以及教师管理做出服务。

  12. Strategies for Cultivating Junior High School Mathematics Reading Ability%初中数学阅读能力的培养策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振兴

    2014-01-01

    “The junior middle school mathematics reading ability”is related to the development of the discipline of thinking of mathematics. In a certain sense,mathematics is a special language, reading and comprehension of mathematics also need training and training. Teachers in the summary of the characteristics of the mathematics reading, around the“discussed how to enhance the ability of reading in junior high school students”mathematical problems.%“初中数学阅读能力”事关数学学科思维的发展。从一定意义上说,数学学科是一门特殊的语言,数学学科的阅读与理解能力也需要培养和训练。在总结了数学阅读的特点后,围绕“如何提升初中生数学阅读能力”的问题进行了探讨。

  13. Can Social-Emotional Learning Reduce School Dropout in Developing Countries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huan; Chu, James; Loyalka, Prashant; Xin, Tao; Shi, Yaojiang; Qu, Qinghe; Yang, Chu

    2016-01-01

    An alarming number of students drop out of junior high school in developing countries. In this study, we examine the impacts of providing a social-emotional learning (SEL) program on the dropout behavior and learning anxiety of students in the first two years of junior high. We do so by analyzing data from a randomized controlled trial involving…

  14. Discussion on how to Carry out the Junior High School Mathematics Teaching in Innovation%浅谈如何在创新中开展初中数学教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周遵泽

    2014-01-01

    在初中数学课堂教学中,教师的教学方式存在一定的问题,因此在创新中开展初中数学教学,将数学理论与实践相结合,培养学生的创新能力和综合素质是初中数学的教学目标。%In the junior middle school mathematics classroom teaching, teachers’ teaching methods have some problems, so in junior high school mathematics teaching in the innovation, connecting the mathematical theory with practice, cultivating students’ innovation ability and comprehensive quality is junior high school mathematics teaching goal.

  15. 初中生自杀意念与抑郁的干预%Intervention Study of Suicidal Ideation and Depression for Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 徐燕; 金霞芳; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore influencing situation about suicidal ideation and depression for junior high school students through systematic psychological intervention.Methods:Stratified cluster random sampling was carried out to investigate total 609 junior high school students from one junior high middle school of Songjiang District in Shanghai.A general questionnaire, Self -rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS),Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List(ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire( TCSQ) were measured.Screening out positive people brought to the study group,systematic psychological intervention were carried for the study group for junior high school students,to compare improved situation of the variables before and after the intervention.The data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0.Results:①The annual prevalence rate of suicidal ideation for junior high school students was 14 .61%.②The prevalence rate of suicidal ideation for junior high school students was higher in those who had poor peer relationship,had suicidal family history,poor relationship with fa-ther and mother(χ2 =23.174,14.315,24.812,21.382;P<0.001).③The prevalence rate of moderate and above depression was 84.3%in those with suicidal ideation,higher than that of those without suicidal ideation(χ2 =168.402,P<0.001).④The prevalence rate of suicidal ideation of the study group after system psychological intervention was 40.43%,significantly lower than that of before intervention(χ2 =13.187,P<0.001).⑤The scores of suicidal ideation,depression,human relationship factor,study pres-sure factor and negative coping of the study group after intervention were lower than those before interven-tion,and the scores of positive coping after intervention were higher than those before intervention ( t=2.931,3.359,2.308,2.259,-2.958,2.011;P<0.05).Conclusion:Psychological intervention can re-duce suicidal ideation and depression for junior high school students.%目

  16. La sexualidad en adolescentes de la secundaria básica "Viet Nam" Sexuality of adolescent students in "Viet Nam" junior high school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Puentes Rizo

    2012-12-01

    conducted in 12 to 15 years-old adolescent students from "Viet Nam" junior high school located in Arroyo Naranjo municipality, during 2010 and 2011. The universe of study was 296 students from whom 150 finally made up the sample. They were randomly selected to complete 50 students representing each grade. A survey validated by the Ministry of Education served to collect information. All the participants gave their consent to be included in the study. Results: males and 15 years-old adolescents prevailed. The onset of sexual relations occurred at the age of 14 years for boys and 15 years for girls. Seventy two (56.69 % adolescents used condom in their first sexual intercourse. The main channels of information were the parents, the professors and the TV programs. There were greater knowledge on HIV-aids, gonorrhea, and syphilis than on herpes simple and Chlamydia. Condom was the most common and known contraceptive method. Conclusions: this study showed the early onset of sexual relations and the poor knowledge about biological and natural contraceptive methods, which might point to the importance of the family, particularly the parents, the professors and the family physicians, in the increase and continuation of the educational work with the young people in terms of sexuality.

  17. 农村初中生作文现状分析及对策%Current Situation Analysis and Countermeasures of Rural Junior High School Essay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李笔锋

    2014-01-01

    How to teach writing courses have become troubled by the majority of junior high school language teacher cur-rently a major problem, and this situation is even more prominent in rural junior high school. New Curriculum requirements:Students should be close to the actual teaching of writing, so that students easy to write, ask students to tell the truth, the truth, the truth, do not tell lies, empty words, and clichés. How can we do it? For many problems in terms of students' writing, com-bined with years of teaching experience, I believe that rural junior high school teaching writing must recognize the new situ-ation and start to mobilize the enthusiasm of the students' writing from the culture interest in writing, focusing on student life and practice reading accumulation, the use of flexible composition assessment methods in order to effectively improve the level of writing.%如何上好写作课已成为当前困扰广大初中语文老师的一大难题,而这种情况在农村初中更是突出。新课标要求:写作教学要贴近学生实际,让学生易于动笔,要求学生说真话、实话、心里话,不说假话、空话、套话。如何才能做到呢?针对学生写作方面存在的诸多问题,结合多年来的教学实践,笔者认为,农村初中作文教学必须认清新形势,从培养写作兴趣入手来调动学生的写作积极性,注重学生的生活实践和阅读积累,运用灵活多样的作文评改方式,才能切实提高作文水平。

  18. Junior High School Mathematics Teaching Should Reflect Students-Oriented Ideas%初中数学教学应体现学生主体理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱卸祥

    2011-01-01

    新课程实施已多年,然而现实的初中数学课堂,很多教师还是以讲为主,不注重学生思维、知识的形成过程,特别是在常态课的教学中更为严重。因而很有必要谈谈数学课堂教学中以学生为主体的理念。%New curriculum has been in use for years, but in junior high school mathematics classrooms, many teachers are still busying imparting, ignoring developing studnets' thinking and knowledge acquisition ability. This is especially seen in normal teachings. H

  19. Junior High School Mathematics Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Standard%新课标下初中数学教学浅谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琼

    2011-01-01

    新课程强调以学生发展为本,如何更好地提高初中数学教学效果呢?一要形成良好的师生关系;二要改变学生的学习状态,推行研究性学习;三要加强教师的学习,提高自身的综合素质。%New curriculum emphasizes students-orientation and how to improve junior high school mathematics teaching effect? One is developing good relationship between teachers and students; two is changing students' learning state and implementing inquiry learning; three is strengthening teachers' learning and improving their quality.

  20. Personal View on Elaborate Effective Teaching in Junior High School English%初中英语精细化有效教学之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Junior high school English effective teaching must affect students with sentiment concern by designing vivid classroom situations, promote oral communicative activities between teachers and students and arouse students' initiative of English learning, thu%初中英语有效教学必须通过设计生动活泼的课堂情境,以情感关爱感染学生,促成师生和生生间的口语交际活动,调动学生主动学习英语的积极性,实现课堂教学中的有效化和精细化。

  1. 初中数学应用题的“克星”%"Invincible Opponent" in Junior High School Mathematics Application Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健

    2012-01-01

    Application problems are important contents of junior high school mathematics and learning the problem-solving of application problems can not only enrich students' problem-solving skills, but also can make students understand the importance of mathematics in life. This paper analyzes "invincible opponent" of solving application problems based on students' problems.%应用题是初中数学的重要内容,学会应用题的解题不仅能丰富学生的解题技能,还能让学生明确数学在生活中的重要性。本文针对学生在应用题方面的问题,分析了解决应用题的“克星”。

  2. Learning Strategies in Junior High School English Teaching%初中英语教学中的学习策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓燕

    2011-01-01

    初中英语教学工作者要做到:提高学生的学习兴趣;注重课堂质量,提高45分钟效率;重视语音训练,打好语音基础;重视培养学生良好的学习习惯;重视单元检测,保证教学质量。%Junior high school students must: improve their learning interest; better classroom learning and make full use of the 45 minutes; emphasize pronunciation training and lay a pronunciation basis; cultivating their good learning habits; doing unit tests to g

  3. 初中语文教学中的“导”和“拓”%"Instruction" and "Extension" in Junior High School Chinese Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏梦

    2011-01-01

    In junior high school Chinese teaching, teachers should play a leading role, leading students to enter into textbooks and meanwhile leading them to go out of classroom, expanding learning and widening horizon, which will be reflected into teachers' person%在初中语文教学中,教师应该起到一个好的引导作用,引导学生走入课本,同时也要学会带他们走出课堂,拓展学习,开阔视野,这些也将体现在教师的个性教学和个性化的教学设计上。

  4. The relationship of individual and family factors to the psychological well-being of junior high school students living in urban poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Haan, L G; MacDermid, S

    1998-01-01

    This study examined the contribution of individual and family factors to psychological adjustment in a sample of junior high school students living in urban poverty. Identity development and perceived parental treatment were hypothesized to serve as mediating, or protective, factors between economic hardship and levels of self-esteem, depression, and loneliness. Consistent with the hypotheses, identity development did serve as a mediator between poverty and psychological adjustment. While perceived parental treatment was not related to economic hardship, it was clearly associated with well-being in this sample. Findings are discussed in terms of the differing contributions of family and individual development, as well as the importance of mediators in assessing the effects of poverty on young adolescents.

  5. Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in a population of 7th-grade junior high school students in Central China: the Anyang Childhood Eye Study (ACES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jing; Li, Shi Ming; Liu, Luo Ru; Li, Jin Ling; Li, Si Yuan; Zhu, Bi Dan; Li, He; Yang, Zhou; Li, Lei; Wang, Ning Li

    2014-06-01

    To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in 7th-grade junior high school students in central China. Using stratified cluster sampling, 2363 7th-grade students were recruited from four junior high schools in Anyang city into the cross-sectional Anyang Childhood Eye Study (ACES). All students underwent visual acuity (VA), cycloplegic autorefraction, cover test, and ocular movement examinations. Uncorrected VA and best-corrected VA (BCVA) were measured with a logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) chart. Cycloplegic autorefraction was performed after administration of 1.0% cyclopentolate and Mydrin-P. Strabismus was defined as heterotropia at near or distance fixation. Amblyopia was defined as BCVA ≤ 0.1 logMAR units in one or both eyes, without ocular pathology in either eye. Of the 2363 eligible students, 2260 (95.6%) completed all examinations. The mean age of the students was 12.4 ± 0.6 years. Amblyopia was present in 52 students (2.5%), of whom 33 (63.5%) had unilateral and 19 (36.6%) had bilateral amblyopia. Of those with unilateral amblyopia, 18 (54.5 %) had anisometropia and 7 (21.2%) had strabismus. Of those with bilateral amblyopia, 6 (31.6%) had significant refractive error. Strabismus was present in 108 students (5.0%), of whom 2 (1.9%) had esotropia, 102 (94.4%) had exotropia, 3 (2.8%) had vertical strabismus, and 1 (0.9%) had microstrabismus. Of the 108 students with strabismus, 9 (8.3%) had amblyopia. The cross-sectional ACES which examined the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in 7th-grade students in central China revealed the prevalence of strabismus, particularly the proportion of exotropia, to be higher than previously reported.

  6. An Investigation and Analysis of Parenting Style of Junior High School Students%初中生父母教养方式的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国锋; 袁梦; 李阳

    2012-01-01

    采用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)对某中学80名学生进行抽样调查,目的是提出科学可行的初中生父母教养方式。结果:大多数初中生父母教养方式处于正常范围,父母教养方式一致性程度较高,在性别和城乡上没有显著差异,但是在父亲的惩罚、严厉维度上,非独生子女极显著高于独生子女。结论:一致性程度比较高的教养方式有利于孩子的身心健康成长;独生子女与非独生子女家庭的父母教养方式可能对两类家庭成长的孩子形成不同的心理品质。%This paper is based on a survey of junior high school students by using EMBU to investigate the parent- ing style. It finds that most of parenting style of junior school students is normal. There is a high consistency in the ed- ucating styles of father and mother and there is no remarkable difference between gender and region. However, father's educating style is corparatively more serious for the non-only child than the only child.This paper argues that the higher consistency parenting style will benefit a lot for the physical and mental health of children. The different parent- ing style in single or non- single family may bring different psychological Character in children.

  7. THE USE OF ENGLISH OF THE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS AT STATE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1 MAGELANG (A PILOT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukasih Ratna Widayanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed at describing the use of English of the teachers and students at State Junior High School 1 Magelang as a pilot international standard school. The objectives of this study are (1 to find out the frequencies and percentages of the use of English spoken by teachers and students and (2 to describe the types of the occurrence of English sentences, clauses, and phrases spoken by teachers and students. This study was descriptive-qualitative. The subjects were two teachers and forty-eight students of 8B and 8C in State Junior High School 1 Magelang in the school year 2010/2011. The object of this study was the transcript of teachers and students’ utterances indicating the use of English during teaching and learning process in the classroom. The data were collected through observation and audio-taped of the teaching and learning processes. The results of the study are as follows. First, the teachers’ frequencies and percentages of English sentences are 176 sentences from the total number of 220 sentences or 80%, while the students’ frequencies and percentages of English sentences are 72 sentences from the total of 92 sentences or 78.26 %. Both the teachers’ and the students’ quality of English is very good since they make only a few incorrect English sentences. Second, the four types of English sentences are declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory; the two types of clauses found in English sentences are independent clauses and dependent clauses; and the four types of phrases found in English sentences are noun phrases, verb phrases, adjective phrases, and prepositional phrases. Keywords: the use of English, pilot international standard school

  8. On Junior High School Students' Thinking Skills Training Countermeasures%初中生思维能力培养对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田野

    2012-01-01

    Junior high school stage to increase the cultivation of students' thinking abilities and self-learning ability, thinking ability of students can be increased, whether the ability to innovate, ability to adapt to the needs of the times lifelong learning has a vital role; culturethinking ability of the junior high school students both need to give full play to the leading role of tea- chers and guidance to students; need to fully play the principal role of students to enable students to improve thinking ability in practice to master the use of a way of thinking. In teaching practice, but also need to pay attention to the multiple ways and means to improve the level of the students' thinking ability.%初中阶段要加强对学生思维能力的培养。思维能力的培养对学生能否提升自主学习能力,能否具备创新能力。能否适应时代的需要养成终身学习的能力具有极其重要的作用;培养初中生的思维能力既需要充分发挥教师的主导作用,加强对学生的引导;也需要充分发挥学生的主体作用,让学生在实践中提升思维能力,掌握运用思维方法。在教学实践中,还需要注意采用多重途径和方法来提升学生的思维能力的水平。

  9. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen II (Parte 1). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II, Part 1. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include number line and coordinates, equations, scientific notation,…

  10. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen II (Parte 2). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume II, Part 2. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include real numbers, similar triangles, variation, polyhedrons,…

  11. Razzle Dazzle Reading Circus: A Bibliography of Books in Recorded and Braille Formats for Young Readers from Preschool through Junior High. Silver Summer Scrapbook--Summer Library Program, 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumner, Mary Ann, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography comprises an alphabetical listing of 34 books on circuses available in special formats. The list has books about true circus stories; make believe stories; and circus animals. The reading levels of the books range from preschool through junior high school. Formats included in the bibliography are cassette books; braille…

  12. Como Ayudarle a su Hijo con la Tarea Escolar: Una guia para padres de alumnos de escuela primaria y secundaria (Helping Your Child with Homework: For Parents of Elementary and Junior High School-Aged Children).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulu, Nancy, Ed.; Perkinson, Kathryn, Ed.

    This Spanish-language booklet is designed to provide parents of elementary and junior high school students with an understanding of the purpose and nature of homework along with suggestions for helping their children complete homework assignments successfully. Following a discussion of why teachers assign homework, how homework can help children…

  13. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen I (Parte 1). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion Inglesa Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I, Part 1, Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Topics included are numbers; cardinal numbers; geometry of lines, points, and planes; geometry of angles,…

  14. Matematicas Para El Primer Ciclo Secundario, Volumen I (Parte 2). Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion Inglesa Revisada. (Mathematics for Junior High School, Volume I, Part 2. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part two of a two-part SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Included are chapters on the rational number system; parallels, parallelograms, triangles, and right prisms;…

  15. Project CHOICE: #26. A Career Education Unit for Junior High School. Careers in Conservation of the Environment and Natural Resources. (Agriculture and Ecological Studies Cluster; Science and Engineering Occupations Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This junior high teaching unit on careers in conservation of the environment and natural resources is one in a series of career guidebooks developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking classroom experiences with the world of work. The unit…

  16. Effective Chinese Teaching Concept for Junior High School Children of Migrant Workers%浅析初中外来务工子弟语文有效教学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周一新

    2011-01-01

    In the rising inflation floating population, the education for children of migrant workers, especially junior high school children of migrant workers has gained more and more attention, but Chinese teaching of teaching and educating function can't play its corresponding role keeping pace with trend. This paper expounds the importance of junior high school Chinese teaching starting off from the status quo of Chinese teaching for junior high school children of migrant workers and probes into some teaching strategies for junior high school children of migrant workers.%在不断膨胀的流动人口大军中,外来务工子弟特别是初中外来务工子弟的教育越来越引人关注,但具有教书育人作用的语文教学却未能跟上形势发展起到相应作用。本文从初中外来务工子弟语文教学现状出发阐述了初中语文教学的重要性,并对初中外来务工子弟语文教学策略作一些探索。

  17. Il problema della scelta e della continuita della lingua straniera nella scuola dell'obbligo (Problems of Choice and Continuity of a Foreign Language in Elementary and Junior High School).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gotti, Maurizio

    1987-01-01

    Discusses two current problems with foreign language study in Italy: (1) Students are frequently unable to study English, the most popular language, because of a lack of qualified English teachers; and (2) Students sometimes cannot continue studying in junior high school the language they began in elementary school. (CFM)

  18. The State of Junior High School Writing Teaching and Innovation Thoughts about Improving it%初中作文教学现状和作文教学创新思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙慧林

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the status quo of junior high school writing teaching and discusses innovative thoughts about improving the poor writing teaching.%本文分析了初中作文教学的现状,探讨了作文教学的创新思路。

  19. 初中生人际交往能力、学业成绩及其发展背景系统间的关系%Relationships Among the Interpersonal Competence, Academic Achievement and Developmental Contexts of Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张野; 卢笳

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷法调查586名初中生,探讨其人际交往能力、学业水平及发展背景系统的互动关系模式。研究发现初二学生的人际交往能力表现最为突出。高交往能力学生的学业成绩明显优于低交往能力学生。良好的父母教养方式能有效促进学生的人际交往能力,有助于积极师生关系和同伴关系的发展。人际交往能力受家庭教养背景系统的直接影响,并作用于学校人际背景系统,两大系统以直接或间接方式影响学业成绩。%Interpersonal competence is a major part of one' s social competence. It is the important driving force for one' s successful socialization and adaptation to the society, while academic achievement is the core indicator of one' s learning ability and school environment adaptability. These two are the key aspects of a teenager' s individual development and also significant for them to get adapted to the society in the future. For junior high school students, adaptability in various aspects develops in different degrees in the double developmental contexts of family and school and manifests itself as division of interpersonal competence and difference in academic achievement. Thus, a systematic study of junior high school students' interpersonal competence and academic achievement has its theoretical and realistic significance for the improvement of the future social development. Based on a questionnaire survey which included EMBU, Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire -- Chinese Version ( ICQ - R) and a questionnaire of the teacher-student relationship of junior high school students and peer nomination from 586 junior high school students ranging from grade one to grade three, this study established and validated a theoretical model through a structural equation model and explored the interactive relationship model of junior high school students' interpersonal competence, their academic achievement and the

  20. On the cultivation of junior high school students' logical thinking%初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康华明; 章宏

    2013-01-01

      古人常说“授人以鱼,不如授人以渔”,传授解决问题的方法比直接提供结果更有意义,在初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养上也应该如此,加强课堂上老师与学生间以及同学间的互动,培养他们积极动脑发散思维等逻辑思维能力,使他们充分认识到数学的兴趣,爱上这一学科,提高学习的动力,逻辑思维能力的培养同时也为自己生活中应变问题、解决问题提供了有力帮助,本文将围绕怎样提高初中数学学生逻辑思维的培养展开分析。%The ancients often say"it is better to teach one how to fish than give him fish", teaching methods to solve the problem is more meaningful than directly provides the result, in the training of the junior middle school mathematics students' logical thinking should also be, strengthen the classroom between teachers and students and students interaction, cultivate their positive thinking divergent thinking and logic thinking ability, so that they fully understand the interest in mathematics, fall in love with this discipline, improve the learning motivation, cultivating the ability of logical thinking but also for problems in their own lives, strain provides a powerful help to solve the problem, this paper will focus on how to improve the training of junior high school mathematics students' logical thinking.

  1. THE SOCIAL MANDATE FOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga L. Lushnikova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the problem of formulation of social mandate at the level of primary education is caused by integration, globalisation processes, and introduction of reforms in education. The contemporary society puts forward new requirements to education system which has to meet demands of various social actors, involved in the educational process. Social mandate is a tool of interaction between society and education by which the diverse consumers of educational services can express their educational needs. A student as the main subject of education takes the special place among the consumers of educational services. Clearly defined social mandates ensures quality of education, therefore this article focuses on the attempt of formulating social mandate for the high school on behalf of a learner. Materials and Methods: a theoretical analysis of pedagogical and sociological literature was made in the process of writing the article. Results: the domestic and international experience in elaboration of the social mandate for the high school was explored and summarised. The main targets of social mandate at the level of basic education was analysed. Discussion and Conclusions: the paper describes the specifics of formulation of the social mandate (specific interests, needs, requirements and requests to high school, that high school should work towards to be able to maintain its competitiveness in the modern market society.

  2. 农村留守初中生主要心理问题成因分析%The Cause Analysis of Psychological Problems of Left-behind Students in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖维衿

    2012-01-01

    农村留守初中生的主要心理问题产生的原因是多方面的。但在调查研究中发现信仰的迷乱与缺失、理想的迷茫与低俗、亲情关怀的不足、父母教育的失当、隔代教育能力不足、管教出现真空地带、学校教育的不足、社会环境的影响是其产生的主要原因。%The causes of left-behind students' psychological problems in rural junior high school are various, while in survey research, we find some main reasons that the lack and obsession of faith, the confusion and vulgar of ideal, the shortage of family care, the misconduct of parents education, the insufficient of alternategeneration education ability, the appearance of discipline vacuum zone, the shortage of the school education and the influence of social environment.

  3. Addiction to Social Networks and Social Skills in Students from a Private Educational Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez-Vergara, Julio A.; Ybañez-Carranza, Jessenia

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to determine the relationship between addiction to social networks and social skills in students of a private educational centre. A correlational descriptive study where the sample was represented by 205 students from 1st to 5th grade of junior high school was conducted. Two instruments were used: "Goldstein Social Skills…

  4. Comparative Study on Junior Middle School Mathematics Classroom Teaching Cases--“Tibetan in Gannan Junior High School Class”and“Combined Class”as an Example%初中数学课堂教学案例比较研究--以甘南州初中“藏数课”和“国优课”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉喜

    2015-01-01

    Through the comparative analysis of national junior middle school mathematics quality class and Gannan junior middle school mathematics classroom teaching CD (Tibetan) class, found that the state high-quality class competition and Gannan junior middle school mathematics teachers (Tibetan) have big differences in the important situation, concepts, teaching methods, teaching strategy and asking questions; National high-quality class competition mathematics classroom teaching of the teacher in the important situation, concepts, teaching methods, teaching strategy and asking questions in more conform to the requirements of the math subject, but Gannan junior middle school mathematics teachers (Tibetan) in the important situation, concept teaching, ask questions, teaching strategy and the need of math class have a certain distance. Based on this, putting forward suggestions for improving the Gannan junior middle school mathematics (Tibetan) teaching.%比较分析国家初中数学优质课和甘南州初中数学(藏语)课课堂教学光盘,发现:国家优质课竞赛教师和甘南州初中数学(藏语)教师在情境导入、概念教学、提问方式、教学策略等方面存在差异;国家优质课竞赛教师的数学课堂教学在情境导入、概念教学、提问方式、教学策略等方面更加符合数学课标的要求,而甘南州初中数学(藏语)教师在情境导入、概念教学、提问方式、教学策略等方面与数学课标的要求还有一定距离。基于此,对甘南州在初中数学(藏语)教学中提出了改进建议。

  5. 离异家庭初中生心理咨询需求研究%Research on the needs of junior high school students from divorced families

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙希希

    2012-01-01

    With the divorce rate constantly rising in China, there is an increasing nurnDer o~ cnuu~e- ~ - ced families, who, as adolescent junior high school students, are much easy to encounter psychological confu- sions. To explore the psychological needs and their current status of the children from divorced families, ques- tionnaires from junior high school students in grade seven and eight in five middle schools in Shanghai are made and the data analyzed. The result suggests that children from divorced families need more parent - child communication and psychological guidance, that parents in the divorce families should give their children more care, and that schools should provide specific psychological counseling for children from divorced families in view of their psychological needs.%随着中国离婚率不断攀高,出现了越来越多的离异家庭子女,对于正处在青春期的离异家庭初中生,很容易遇到心理上的困惑。为探讨离异家庭子女的心理服务需求及现状,对上海某五所中学七年级和八年级初中生进行了问卷调查,并对数据进行统计和分析。结果发现,离异家庭子女在父母离异、亲子沟通教育和辅导等方面有更多的心理服务需求;离异家庭子女的父母在情感上应给予子女更多的关心;学校心理辅导机构应该结合离异家庭子女的心理需要,有针对性开展心理服务工作。

  6. Summary and Insights for Junior High School Counseling%对初中学校心理咨询的总结和感悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘乔丹; 王国猛

    2015-01-01

    本文主要从心理咨询工作者的角度对初中学校心理咨询做出总结和感悟,首先主要总结了现阶段初中生所面临的主要心理困惑和问题,主要包括三个方面:人际关系问题、学习压力问题、对未来的迷茫.这些问题的解决需要家长和老师共同协作,对学生应该给予足够的积极关注.另外还探讨了对学生进行积极有效心理咨询的策略,主要包括三个方面:正确引导、合理宣泄、榜样示范.作为心理咨询工作者,需要在咨询过程中全身心投入到对他们的关注中,充分发挥自己的专业优势,在力所能及的范围内有效地去帮助每一个学生.%This article from the perspective of workers in psychological counseling psychological counseling for junior high school summary and sentiment, first and foremost summarizes the main stage of mental confusion and problems faced by junior high school students, mainly in three aspects:relationship problems, learning pressure problem, uncertainty about the future. To solve these problems requires parents and teachers work together, students should be given enough positive atten-tion. It also explores the students active and effective counseling strategies, mainly in three aspects:the right guidance, rea-sonable catharsis, model demonstration. As psychological counseling workers in the consultation process needs to devote yourself to focus on them, and give full play to their professional advantage, within the limits of its resources effectively to help every student.

  7. Improving the teaching and learning of science in a suburban junior high school on Long Island: Achieving parity through cogenerative dialogues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Eileen Perman

    The research in this dissertation focuses on ways to improve the teaching and learning of science in a suburban junior high school on Long Island, New York. The study is my attempt to find ways to achieve parity in my classroom in terms of success in science. I was specifically looking for ways to encourage Black female students in my classroom and in other classrooms to continue their science education into the upper grades. The participants were the 27 students in the class, a friend of one of the students, and I, as the teacher-researcher. In order to examine the ways in which structure mediates the social and historical contexts of experiences in relation to teacher and student practices in the classroom, I used collaborative research; autobiographical reflection; the sociology of emotions; immigration, racialization, and ethnicity, and cogenerative dialogues (cogens) as tools. Cogenerative dialogues are a way for students and teachers to accept shared responsibility for teaching and learning. This study is of importance because of my school's very diverse student body. The school has a large minority population and therefore shares many of the characteristics of urban schools. In my study I look at why there are so few Black female students in the advanced science courses offered by our district and how this problem can be addressed. I used a variety of qualitative approaches including critical ethnography and micro analysis to study the teaching and learning of science. In addition to the usual observational, methodological, and theoretical field notes, I videotaped and audiotaped lessons and had discussions with students and teachers, one-on-one and in groups. In the first year the cogenerative group consisted of two Black female students. In the second year of the study there were four Black and one White-Hispanic female students in the cogen group. In my research I studied the interactions of the students between lessons and during laboratory activities as

  8. ICO amplicon NGS data analysis: a Web tool for variant detection in common high-risk hereditary cancer genes analyzed by amplicon GS Junior next-generation sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Doriga, Adriana; Feliubadaló, Lídia; Menéndez, Mireia; Lopez-Doriga, Sergio; Morón-Duran, Francisco D; del Valle, Jesús; Tornero, Eva; Montes, Eva; Cuesta, Raquel; Campos, Olga; Gómez, Carolina; Pineda, Marta; González, Sara; Moreno, Victor; Capellá, Gabriel; Lázaro, Conxi

    2014-03-01

    Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized genomic research and is set to have a major impact on genetic diagnostics thanks to the advent of benchtop sequencers and flexible kits for targeted libraries. Among the main hurdles in NGS are the difficulty of performing bioinformatic analysis of the huge volume of data generated and the high number of false positive calls that could be obtained, depending on the NGS technology and the analysis pipeline. Here, we present the development of a free and user-friendly Web data analysis tool that detects and filters sequence variants, provides coverage information, and allows the user to customize some basic parameters. The tool has been developed to provide accurate genetic analysis of targeted sequencing of common high-risk hereditary cancer genes using amplicon libraries run in a GS Junior System. The Web resource is linked to our own mutation database, to assist in the clinical classification of identified variants. We believe that this tool will greatly facilitate the use of the NGS approach in routine laboratories.

  9. On Effectiveness of Junior High School English Classroom Teaching Methods%探析初中英语课堂教学方法的有效性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳莉

    2012-01-01

    初中英语课堂有效性的提高影响着学生学习知识的贯通和汲取。历年来,很多教师都只注重课堂讲授,并没有将学生的参与意识调动起来。老师枯燥地讲,学生麻木地听,从而削弱了学生学习英语的积极性。怎样使初中学生能够热爱英语的学习,怎样将知识贯通到自身,对我们英语老师来说是一项重要的任务。提高英语课堂的有效性,是我们每一位教育工作者的追求目标,也是英语课堂不断创新的坚固基础。本文介绍了笔者多年在教学工作中的一些经验,学习的主要目的在于调动学生的积极性,培养学生兴趣爱好,全面融入到知识的海洋。%Junior high school English classroom to improve the effectiveness of the affects the student to study the knowl- edge and gain through. In the past few years, many teachers only pay attention to lectures, and did not put students' conscious- ness of participation aroused. The teacher boring speaking, students listen to numb, and weaken the students to learn English. How to make the junior middle school students to love English learning, how will the knowledge through to itself, to our Eng- lish teacher is a important task. To improve the effectiveness of English classroom, is our each education workers pursue goal, also is the English classroom innovative solid foundation. This paper introduces the author in teaching work for many years some of the experience, the main purpose of the study is to mobilize the enthusiasm of'the students, cultivating students' in- terest, fully into the sea of knowledge.

  10. The Basic Methods and Strategies of Junior High School Composition Teaching%初中作文教学的基本方法和策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东锋

    2014-01-01

    现行苏教版初中语文教材将写作与阅读混编于单元中,是为了加强写作与阅读以及社会生活的联系,但日常的作文教学中,却存在较为严重的脱节现象。就日常教学的一些有效措施进行总结提升,认为阅读、生活、思考是写作的基础,命题、模仿、习得是训练的要点,精讲、讨论、抒写是课堂的模式,自批、合改、共评是评改的方略,激励、创新、真情是写作的导向。%The current Sue for reading and writing of Chinese textbooks for junior middle school will be mixed in the unit, in order to strengthen the writing and reading, and the connection of social life, but the composition of the daily teaching, there are serious disconnectedness. The teacher summarizes some effective measures of the daily teaching, think reading, life, thinking is the base of writing, proposition, imitate, acquisition is the main points of the training, earnestly, discussion and express is the model class, since the batch, or change, evaluation is a process of strategy, motivate, guide of innovation, the truth is writing.

  11. RELEVANCE OF USE OF MULTIMEDIA IN ORDER TO PREVENT JUNIOR PUPILS’ AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia V. Oleksiuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the problem of aggressive behaviour of junior pupils and reasons for its occurrence. There are determined advantages of multimedia use in the prevention of aggressive behaviour of junior pupils and described types of multimedia, which should be used to work with pupils. Problem of aggressive behaviour of junior pupils become one of the main problems of our society. As noted by the most researchers, one of the cause of aggressive behaviour of junior pupils is media, the use of video games, watching movies, cartoons that provoke aggression. One of the important areas of prevention of aggressive behaviour of junior pupils is competence improvement of teachers, social workers and psychologists on the use of multimedia in social and educational classes for junior pupils.

  12. Fitness and food environments around junior high schools in Taiwan and their association with body composition: Gender differences for recreational, reading, food and beverage exposures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Po-Huang; Huang, Lin-Yuan; Lee, Meei-Shyuan; Tsou, Hui-Chen; Wahlqvist, Mark L

    2017-01-01

    School environments may contribute to adolescent behavior, reproductive physiology and body composition (BC). The Nutritional and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010) for 1458 junior high school students was geo-mapped for 30 school environs. Facilities for physical activity (fitness centers, gymnasia and sports stadiums, activity centers and parks), sedentary activities (reading material rental shops (RMRS), internet cafes) and food and beverage outlets (FBOs) were calculated as weighted numbers within 1000m of schools. Multiple linear regressions were used to predict BC variable z-scores. For boys, higher fitness center densities and, for girls, gymnasia and sports stadiums were associated with less abdominal fatness. For girls, body mass index, waist circumference (WC) and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were greater when RMRS density was higher as was TSF with internet café density. Where there were no FBOs, boys' WC and TSF were less with more parks, but girls were shorter and WC more adverse. With greater RMRS density and no FBOs, girls still had increased WC/Hip ratio, and less mid-arm muscle circumference. Boys' findings were more evident after considering puberty. Physical activity facilities (differently by gender), food and beverage outlets absence for boys and low reading material rental shop density for girls increase the likelihood of healthier body composition.

  13. 分层教学在初中数学中的实践%The Practice of Multi-level Teaching in Junior High School Mathematics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何国弟

    2012-01-01

    长期以来,初中数学教学,由于受班级授课制的束缚,教师从备课、授课、作业、辅导、考查到评价,很少顾及好、中、差各类学生的智能差异,均采用“一刀切”“一锅煮”的方法进行教学,使得优生吃不饱,差生吃不了,中等生吃不好。为此,根据笔者从事数学教学多年来的经验,对分层教学作粗浅归纳。%For a long-term, junior high school mathematics teaching, as a result of the class teaching system to manacle, from preparing lessons, teachers' teaching, homework, counseling, test evaluation, with little regard for good, poor, in all kinds of students intelligence differences, adopt "make it rigidly uniform one-pot" teaching method, students do not have enough to eat, not eat medium raw, not good. Therefore, according to the author' experience over the years in mathematics teaching, this paper discusses multi-level teaching.

  14. 猜想在初中化学教学中的作用%The Role of Guess in Junior High School Chemistry Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平

    2015-01-01

    作为启蒙教学的初中化学,不仅是简单地让学生生搬硬套化学知识,而是要培养学生像科学家那样敢猜、会猜,带着猜想去探究这些化学现象,体验科学家的探究过程。这样不仅理解掌握了化学知识,更重要的是掌握了必要的学习化学的方法,培养出应有的学习化学的能力,只有这样才能为学生科学地终身发展安上一台永动机。%Junior high school chemistry as enlightenment teaching, not only for students to simply rote chemical knowledge, but to students as scientist dares to guess, would guess, with the suspect to explore these chemical phenomena, scientists ex-perience the inquiry process. This will not only understand and grasp the chemical knowledge, more importantly, learning to master the necessary chemical methods, to cultivate the ability to study chemistry due, the only way for students to develop lifelong scientific placement of a perpetual motion machine.

  15. 思维导图在初中科学教学中的应用%Application of Mind Map in Science Course Teaching of Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖俊

    2014-01-01

    文章结合教学过程中的应用实例,阐述了“思维导图”的特点和绘制过程,说明思维导图在初中科学课堂备课、板书、笔记、探究活动、研究性学习、复习等各环节中应用的方法、过程和效果。并对学生运用思维导图学习科学后的反响、学生的成绩进行了深入的调查、剖析,获得了一些理性的思考。%Mind map is a graphic note-taking method put forward by UK psychologist and educator Tony Buzan in the 1960s and now it is applied widely. Combining the application examples in teaching process,the paper deals with the characters and drawing process of mind map,illustrates the methods,procedures and results of the mind map applied in lesson preparation,blackboard layout,note - taking,research activities and review in science course in junior high school. The paper also investigates and analyzes the students’response and scores after applying mind map to learn sci-ence course and gets some rational thinking.

  16. 提高初中数学课堂教学的策略%Teaching Strategy of Improving Mathematics Classroom Teaching in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和艳芳

    2015-01-01

    教师在初中数学教学手段上要追求传统与现代的结合,在教学方法上要注意讲练与探究的配合,在学生的认识结构上要提倡逻辑与认识的整合,既重视数学学习的目标和结果,也要注重获得知识的过程。使学生不但掌握数学理论知识,而且具备动手操作的实践能力和探索能力。%Teachers in junior high schools should pursue a combination of traditional and modern in mathematics teaching means, pay attention to teach and practice in teaching methods, promote the integration of logic and understanding in students' understanding structure, not only pay attention to the goals and results of mathematics learning, but also pay attention to the process of obtaining knowledge. So that students not only mastered the mathematical theory, but also have the practical ability and hands-on operation ability.

  17. 初中体育课实施分层教学的实验研究%Layered teaching in P. E. teaching of junior high school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应柯忠

    2009-01-01

    针对体育课堂教学中学生的个体差异和不同需求,在初中体育课中实施"分层教学",确保让每一个学生受益.结果表明,分层教学是一种有效的教学方法,能够激发学生参与体育运动兴趣,使之变被动为主动学习,切实提高课堂教学的实效性;有利于身体素质好的学生掌握和提高运动的技术技能,也有利于身体素质差的学生增强体质.%According to the school sports teaching needs and individual differences, layered teaching is implemented in the P. E. teaching of junior high schools. The research shows that layered teaching is an effective teaching method which can stimulate students' interest in sports, improve the effectiveness of teaching, improve the body quality and students' mastering the skill.

  18. A Probe into the Effectiveness of Classroom Summary in Junior High School Mathematics%初中数学课堂小结的有效性探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜仁荣

    2012-01-01

    课堂小结是对所讲知识的总结和归纳,一个成功的课堂小结可以很好地激发学生的学习兴趣,也可以很好地巩固所学知识。课堂小结虽然所用时间不长,但是其起到的作用却不可小觑。本文主要结合笔者的教学实际,运用文献资料法等,针对当前如何在初中数学课堂教学中做好课堂小结进行了有效性探索。%Classroom summary is the induction of knowledge and a successful classroom summary can motivate students' learning interest and consolidate what have been learned. Although classroom summary takes up less time, its role can't be neglected. This paper probes into how to implement classroom summary in junior high school mathematics classroom teaching with documentary analysis method based on the author' s teaching reality.

  19. Investigation on the Examination Anxiety of Junior High ;School Students%对初中生考试焦虑调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹响太

    2013-01-01

    Examination anxiety, a special psychological reaction of examinees to examinations, is a psychological state with anxiety as its feature, escape as its behavior and negative mood as its ex-pression. Junior high school students have many psychological problems, among which anxiety is a prominent one. Through an investigation on examination anxiety, corresponding measures are proposed in this paper.%考试焦虑是考生对考试的一种特殊的心理反应,是一种以担忧为特征、以逃避为行为方式、以消极情绪表现出来的心理状态。初中生存在很多的心理问题,焦虑问题是其中比较突出的。因此,本文通过对考试焦虑进行调查研究,以提出相应的应对措施。

  20. THE EFFECTIVENESS USING INQUIRY BASED NATURAL SCIENCE MODULE WITH AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT TO IMPROVE THE CRITICAL THINKING AND INQUIRY SKILLS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Hairida

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of inquiry-based science modul with authentic assessment to develop students’ inquiry skills and critical thinking. This research employed a quasi experiment method with pretest-posttest control group design. This research is conducted on 7th grade of one of Junior High School in Pontianak, by using 2 classes as a sample. The data was collected by using inquiry skills observation sheets, critical thinking test, and interview. The result shows that the mean of inquiry skills and critical thinking scores of experiment group is higher than the control group, and the significance score from using t-test is (0.00 < 0.05, which means there is a difference of inquiry skills in the experiment and control group. Score of N-gain shows that the mean of experiment group’s inqury skills and critical thinking score after the treatment, is higher than control group. It concludes that science learning by using inquiry-based modul with authentic assessment is effective to develop students’ inquiry skills and critical thinking.

  1. Research and Practice of the Learning Guide Plan for Junior High School Mathematics%初中数学导学案的研究和实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑东兵

    2013-01-01

    In order to better implement quality-oriented educa-tion, and cultivate junior high school students' mathematics learning ability and creativity, teachers should, in accordance with the mathematics teaching syllabus and the new curriculum standard, as well as students' age characteristics, have a clear knowledge of students' cognition of mathematics knowledge, and the situations, tasks and problems of the design of knowledge and experience, that is the learning guidance plan for mathematics, which aims to fully motivate students' active participation, and help them autonomously construct their knowledge through their autonomous learning, cooperative research and discussion, and exploration activities, so as to establish an efficient classroom teaching.%为更好地开展素质教育,培养初中学生的数学学习能力和创造能力,教师应根据数学教学大纲和新课程标准的要求,依据初中阶段学生年龄特点,对数学认知水平及知识经验设计的情景、任务和问题即数学导学案,充分调动学生积极参与,通过学生自主学习、合作研讨、探究实践等活动主动建构知识,全力打造高效课堂。

  2. Implementation of cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach to understanding of mathematical concept student state junior high school in Pekanbaru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurhayati, Dian Mita; Hartono

    2017-05-01

    This study aims to determine whether there is a difference in the ability of understanding the concept of mathematics between students who use cooperative learning model Student Teams Achievement Division type with Realistic Mathematic Education approach and students who use regular learning in seventh grade SMPN 35 Pekanbaru. This study was quasi experiments with Posttest-only Control Design. The populations in this research were all the seventh grade students in one of state junior high school in Pekanbaru. The samples were a class that is used as the experimental class and one other as the control class. The process of sampling is using purposive sampling technique. Retrieval of data in this study using the documentation, observation sheets, and test. The test use t-test formula to determine whether there is a difference in student's understanding of mathematical concepts. Before the t-test, should be used to test the homogeneity and normality. Based in the analysis of these data with t0 = 2.9 there is a difference in student's understanding of mathematical concepts between experimental and control class. Percentage of students experimental class with score more than 65 was 76.9% and 56.4% of students control class. Thus be concluded, the ability of understanding mathematical concepts students who use the cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach better than students using the regular learning. So that cooperative learning model type STAD with RME approach is well used in learning process.

  3. 新课标下初中音乐教学模式探析%Junior High School Music Teaching Model in New Curriculum Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍

    2015-01-01

    初中音乐教学的目的是为了有效培养学生的音乐素养和艺术素养,同时音乐具有较强的艺术特征,因此教师在音乐教学中,应该结合学生的性格特征和认知需求,采用一些创新的策略进行音乐教学,积极调动学生学习音乐的兴趣,促使他们更加积极地投入到音乐的学习中,从而真正喜欢上音乐,爱上音乐,并有效提升学生的音乐素养和艺术素养,促进学生更加全面地发展.%The purpose of teaching junior high school music is in order to effectively train students' music literacy and artistic accomplishment, while the music has a strong artistic characteristics, so the teacher in music education, should be combined with student personality traits and cognitive needs, using some innovative strategies teaching music, and actively mobilize the students' interest in learning music, prompting them to be more active learning into the music, which really love music and love music, and effectively enhance the students' music literacy and artistic accomplishment, and promote students' more compre-hensive development.

  4. Fusion of Popular Culture and Chinese Teaching in Junior High School%流行文化与初中语文教学的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙姗姗

    2014-01-01

    Popular culture has spread widely in people,s life, with a series development of society, culture and media. The teenagers in junior high school can be addicted in popular culture. Facing the troubles in Chinese teaching, the method that lead popular culture into Chinese teaching could improve Chinese teaching effectively. The article analyses the concept of popular culture, the significance and strategy of the fusion.%随着社会、文化、传播媒介的一系列发展,流行文化在人们的生活中广泛传播,初中生正处于青春期,更容易受到流行文化的吸引,面对语文教学中出现的困境,本文试图将流行文化引入初中语文教学,促进初中语文教学的有效进行。本文分析了流行文化的内涵,将流行文化引入语文教学的意义以及具体的策略。

  5. On the Opportunities of Flip Classroom to Junior High School Geography Teaching%论翻转课堂给初中地理教学带来的机遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭峰

    2015-01-01

    翻转课堂是一种以学生为中心的教学模式,同样可以适用于我国初中地理的教学。如果初中地理课堂能够积极推行翻转课堂,学校就可以获取更多的优质教学资源、构建新型的师生关系、实现学生个性化学习。%Flipped classroom is a student-centered teaching mode, the same can be applied to our junior high school geogra-phy teaching. If the junior high school geography classroom to actively pursue flipped classroom, schools can get more qual-ity teaching resources, build a new relationship between teachers, students achieve personalized learning.

  6. The Use of Local Resources for Junior High School Biology Teaching in Wuyi Mountain%利用武夷山地方资源进行初中生物教学的尝试

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程春英

    2014-01-01

    武夷山有其独特的地方优势,可利用当地资源进行初中生物教学,以提升生物教学质量。%The Wuyi mountain has its unique local advantages, can use local resources for junior high school biology teaching,in order to enhance the teaching quality.

  7. Gratitude and Responsibility Education in Junior High School Ideological and Moral Classroom%初中思想品德课堂中的感恩与责任教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少锐

    2015-01-01

    感恩与责任是初中思想品德教育中的两个基本内容,对于青少年人格的树立起着至关重要的作用。本次研究阐述了感恩与责任教育的必要性,通过实际访谈探寻出初中生感恩与责任意识的现状及其原因,并总结出初中思想品德课堂中的相关教学资源与培养感恩与责任意识的实际措施。文章对于提升初中思想品德课堂的教学效果,树立良好的道德标准有着一定的参考价值和实际意义。%Thanksgiving and responsibilities are ideological and moral education in junior high school two basic elements, for young people to establish personality plays a vital role. This study discusses the necessity of gratitude and responsibility of education, junior high school students through the actual interview to explore the status of gratitude and a sense of respon-sibility and reason, and summed junior high ideological and moral classroom teaching resources and training related to the actual sense of gratitude and responsibility measures. Articles for enhancing teaching effectiveness junior high moral char-acter classes, establish good moral standards have a certain reference value and practical significance.

  8. Teachers' Oral Corrective Feedback and Its Influence on Learner Uptake in the Classes of Teaching English as a Foreign Language for Minority Stu-dents in Xinjiang Junior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yao-yao

    2016-01-01

    The present study explored the features and the effectiveness of teachers' oral CF in the classrooms of Teaching Eng-lish as a Foreign Language (TEFL) for minority students in Xinjiang junior high schools. The analytical framework of this study consulted Lyster's (1998) coding scheme. 720 minutes of classroom observation were recorded and transcribed. The database was coded and the distribution of errors, CF and uptake was analyzed.

  9. Research on the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Self-evaluation of Junior High School Students%初中生生活满意度与自我评价的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪榴

    2014-01-01

    采用学生总体生活满意度量表和个人评价问卷,对331名初中生进行施测,探究了初中生生活满意度与自我评价的关系。结果发现初中生生活满意度与自我评价存在显著性正相关,自我评价越高,其生活满意度越高,自我评价对生活满意度具有一定的预测力。%Using student overall life satisfaction scale and indi-vidual evaluation questionnaires, 331 junior high school students were surveyed, in order to explore the relationship between life satisfaction and self-evaluation of junior high school students. It is found that there is a significant positive correlation between ju-nior high school students' life satisfaction and self-evaluation, and the higher the self-evaluation, the higher life satisfaction, and self-evaluation is of certain predictive effect on life satisfac-tion.

  10. Technology-Related Involvement: The Effect of the MASHOV System on Parent Involvement in Israeli Junior Highs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidovitch, Nitza; Yavich, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine differences in parental involvement between two high schools that use the MASHOV program (an online learning management system) and one high school where parents receive updates regarding their children in other ways, with attention to parents' background variables: sex, income, and schooling. The study…

  11. Reduction of Social Inequality in High School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ulla Højmark

    2014-01-01

    This article explores structures in the learning environment at the classroom level that can contribute to reduction of social inequality in education. It draws on qualitative observation studies of Latino’s in high schools in New York City, USA, by a Danish researcher. The purpose of this article...... is to explore ‘good examples’ from an outsider’s perspective and there by create an empirical and theoretical focus on how school characteristics and structures cross boarders are connected to the reduction of social inequality in education....

  12. The Relationships among Emotional intelligence, Parent-child attachment and Friendship quality of Junior high school students%初中生情绪智力、亲子依恋与友谊质量的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐雪梅

    2013-01-01

    Selecting 600 junior students, we take the Friendship Quality Questionnaire, Emotional Intelligence Scale and Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment to investigate the relationships among emotional intelligence, parent-child attachment and friendship quality of Junior high school students. The research results show that the junior students’ friendship quality is at a high level. Friendship quality and emotional intelligence have significant positive correlation. Friendship quality and parent-child attachment have significant positive correlation. Emotional intelligence has a positive prediction function of friendship. Parent-child attachment quality has a positive prediction function of friendship.%  选取初一到初三学生600名,采用青少年友谊质量问卷、情绪智力问卷和亲子问卷探讨初中生情绪智力、亲子依恋与友谊质量的关系。研究结果表明:初中生友谊质量处于较高水平;初中生友谊质量与情绪智力存在显著正相关;初中生友谊质量和亲子依恋存在显著正相关;情绪智力对友谊质量有正向预测作用;亲子依恋对友谊质量有正向预测作用。

  13. Analysis of influenza transmission in the households of primary and junior high school students during the 2012-13 influenza season in Odate, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamigaki, Taro; Mimura, Satoshi; Takahashi, Yoshihiro; Oshitani, Hitoshi

    2015-07-23

    Households are one of the major settings of influenza transmission in the community and transmission is frequently initiated by school-aged children. We surveyed households with primary school (PS) and/ or junior high school (JH) children for the 2012-13 influenza season in Odate, Japan then characterized the epidemiology of influenza household transmission as well as estimated the serial intervals. We delivered a self-reported questionnaire survey to households with PS and/or JH school children in Odate City, Japan. Influenza A (H3N2) virus predominantly circulated during the 2012-13 influenza season. We investigated the epidemiological characteristics of within-household transmission and calculated the serial intervals (SI). SIs were drew by a non-parametric model and compared with parametric models by the Akaike Information Criterion. The covariable contributions were investigated by the accelerated failure model. Household influenza transmission was identified in 255 out of 363 household respondents. Primary school (PS) children accounted for 45.1 % of primary cases, and disease transmission was most commonly observed between PS children and parents, followed by transmission from PS children to siblings. In primary cases of PS or JH children, younger age and longer absence from school were significantly associated with household transmission events. The mean SI was estimated as 2.8 days (95 % confidence interval 2.6-3.0 days) in the lognormal model. The estimated acceleration factors revealed that while secondary school age and the absence duration > 7 days were associated with shorter and longer SIs, respectively, antiviral prescriptions for primary cases made no contribution. High frequencies of household transmission from primary school with shorter SI were found. These findings contribute to the development of future mitigation strategies against influenza transmission in Japan.

  14. [Migrants of high social status in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glebe, G

    1997-01-01

    "The accelerating economic globalization has created a growing demand for highly skilled labourers. As a result, there has been an increase in highly skilled and high-status migrants to Germany, especially to the urban agglomerations with global city functions. This migration process is carried mostly by the internal labour and job movement of multinational companies. In the urban centres these groups of migrants follow specific patterns of spatial organization and segregation with regard to their place of residence. But they also have other distinctive difference to the migrants with a lower social status, such as higher social acceptance in their host country, the transitory character of their stay in Germany, and their intentions to return to their home countries." (EXCERPT)

  15. Education Problems and Solutions of Junior High School Students from Single-parent Families%浅谈单亲家庭初中生的教育困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝雯雯

    2014-01-01

    在离婚率一直上升的现今,在观察到一些单亲家庭的初中生的教育消极现象后,为了找到更好的教育应对策略,运用了少量问卷与大量访谈、观察等方式来对单亲家庭学生、相关学科教师和部分家长进行调查浅析后。结果发现,大多数初中单亲家庭学生明显存在敏感孤独、内向抗拒、行事方式较为极端等问题,针对这些问题,教师可尝试从自身、学生、父母角度、社会与制度等多个层面分析探讨解决这一困境的对策。%In today's divorce rate has been rising, after observing some of the students in single-parent families educational negative phenomena, in order to find a better education coping strategies, the use of a small number of questionnaires and a large number of interviews, observations, etc. to students in single-parent families, the relevant subject teachers and some parents of the investigation later. It was found that most of the junior high school students in single-parent families evident sensitive lonely, introverted resist more extreme practices and other issues, solve these problems, teachers can try to explore the multiple dimen-sions of their own, students, parents, angle, and other social and institutional analysis to solve this dilemma.

  16. 初中生数学学力测试结果的中日比较及其启示%Comparison and Inspiration for Mathematical Aptitude Test between Chinese and Japanese Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑文; 齐国彪

    2012-01-01

    In order to know the current mathematical aptitude situation of Chinese junior high school students, the mathematical aptitude test question for Japanese junior high school students in 2009 is used for testing a part of third-grade junior high school students in Jilin province, in this paper. The result shows that, average level of mathematical aptitude of junior high school students in our country is higher than Japanese. In addition, the polarity of ours is smaller than them. However, on expression and processing of mathematics, our students are weak than Japanese. Some of Chinese junior high school students, whose understanding on depth and breadth of some mathematical concepts, principles and rules are not enough. Furthermore, our ability on flexible use of knowledge and skills are poor. Therefore, Mathematical education in China should focus on basic mathematical concepts, principles and rules. Moreover, training of mathematical communication skills, and establishing a correct and comprehensive view of the mathematical aptitude should be seriously focused.%运用日本2009年初中数学学力测试题,对吉林省部分初中三年级学生进行测试,以了解中国初中生数学学力的现状.结果表明:中国初中生数学学力的平均水平高于日本,但在“数学地表达和处理问题”方面,中国学生不如日本.中国部分初中生对某些数学概念、原理和法则理解的深度和广度不够,在知识和技能灵活运用方面欠佳.因此,中国初中数学教学应重视学生对基本数学概念、原理和法则的理解;重视培养学生的数学交流能力;重视学生全面学力的培养.

  17. 1999 Summer Research Program for High School Juniors at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2002-10-09

    oak-B202--During the summer of 1999, 12 students from Rochester-area high schools participated in the Laboratory for Laser Energetics' Summer High School Research Program. The goal of this program is to excite a group of high school students about careers in the areas of science and technology by exposing them to research in a state-of-the-art environment. Too often, students are exposed to ''research'' only through classroom laboratories that have prescribed procedures and predictable results. In LLE's summer program, the students experience all of the trials, tribulations, and rewards of scientific research. By participating in research in a real environment, the students often become more enthusiastic about careers in science and technology. In addition, LLE gains from the contributions of the many highly talented students who are attracted to the program. The students spent most of their time working on their individual research projects with members of LLE's technical staff. The projects were related to current research activities at LLE and covered a broad range of areas of interest including laser modeling, diagnostic development, chemistry, liquid crystal devices, and opacity data visualization. The students, their high schools, their LLE supervisors and their project titles are listed in the table. Their written reports are collected in this volume. The students attended weekly seminars on technical topics associated with LLE's research. Topics this year included lasers, fusion, holography, optical materials, global warming, measurement errors, and scientific ethics. The students also received safety training, learned how to give scientific presentations, and were introduced to LLE's resources, especially the computational facilities. The program culminated with the High School Student Summer Research Symposium on 25 August at which the students presented the results of their research to an audience that

  18. Creative Thinking Ability to Increase Student Mathematical of Junior High School by Applying Models Numbered Heads Together

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lince, Ranak

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical ability of students creative thinking is a component that must be mastered by the student. Mathematical creative thinking plays an important role, both in solving the problem and well, even in high school students. Therefore, efforts are needed to convey ideas in mathematics. But the reality is not yet developed the ability to…

  19. The relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept%初中生人际关系的发展及其与自我概念的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林巧明; 石向实

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept.Method Middle school students interpersonal questionnaire and TSCS were used to survey 2189 junior high school students.Findings Different relationships of grade main effect was found remarkable( F=44.98,P<0.01).Significant differences were found of junior middle school students self concept(F=12.04,P<0.01);Significant correlation was found between different types of interpersonal relationship and self concept(r =0.533,P<0. 01) .Conclusion Junior high school students have good partner relations.The relationship between teachers and students and parent-child relationship development level are low.Junior high school students’ interpersonal relationship development is positively correlated to their self concept.%目的:调查初中生人际关系的情况以及与自我概念的关系。方法采用中学生人际关系调查问卷与田纳西自我概念量表,对2187名初中生进行问卷调查。结果不同人际关系的年级主效应显著(F=44.98,P<0.01);初中生的自我概念存在显著差异( F=12.04,P<0.01);不同类型的人际关系与自我概念显著相关( r=0.533,P<0.01)。结论初中生的同伴关系发展较好,师生关系和亲子关系发展水平较低;初中生人际关系与自我概念显著正相关。

  20. 针对初中生课堂问题行为背后的反思%Reflections on Junior High School Students' Misbehaviors in Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴胜

    2014-01-01

    随着课堂改革的不断深入,初中生课堂问题行为层出不穷。这些违反课堂规则的问题行为妨碍及干扰课堂活动的正常进行,影响课堂教学效率,无论是对学生个人、教师,还是师生关系都产生一定程度的负面影响。导致这些课堂问题行为既有学生个人因素、教师因素,也有环境因素。在课堂管理实践中结合教育心理学,从多个角度分析课堂问题行为的实质,总结出相应的处理原则及策略。同时,对课堂教育的实施者提出更高的要求。%With the continuous deepening of class reform, junior high school students' misbehaviors in class are continuing without end. These misbehaviors in class hinder and disturb normal class activities, affect the effectiveness of classroom teaching, and have certain negative effects on students, teachers and teacher-student relationship. These behaviors are caused by students' factors, teachers' factors, as well as environmental factors. Combined with educational psychology in class management practice, this paper analyzes the essence of misbehaviors in class from multiple an-gles, and summarizes corresponding treatment principles and strategies. Meanwhile, higher requirements are proposed for the implementer of classroom education.

  1. Does 1:1 Computing in a Junior High-School Change the Pedagogical Perspectives of Teachers and their Educational Discourse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yehuda Peled

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Transforming a school from traditional teaching and learning to a one-to-one (1:1 classroom, in which a teacher and students have personal digital devices, inevitably requires changes in the way the teacher addresses her role. This study examined the implications of integrating 1:1 computing on teachers’ pedagogical perceptions and the classroom’s educational discourse. A change in pedagogical perceptions during three years of teaching within this model was investigated. The research analyzed data from 14 teachers teaching in a junior high school in the north of Israel collected over the course of three years through interviews and lesson observations. The findings show that the 1:1 computing allows teachers to improve their teaching skills; however, it fails to change their fundamental attitudes in regard to teaching and learning processes. It was further found that the use of a laptop by each student does not significantly improve the classroom’s learning discourse. The computer is perceived as an individual or group learning technology rather than as a tool for conducting learning discourse. An analysis of the data collected shows a great contribution to collaboration among teachers in preparing technology-enhanced lessons. The findings are discussed in terms of Bruner’s (Olson & Bruner, 1996 “folk psychology” and “folk pedagogy” of teachers and “the new learning ecology” framework in 1:1 classroom (Lee, Spires, Wiebe, Hollebrands, & Young, 2015. One of the main recommendations of this research is to reflect on findings from the teaching staff and the school community emphasizing 1:1 technology as a tool for significant pedagogical change. It seems that the use of personal technology per se is not enough for pedagogical changes to take place; the change must begin with teachers’ perceptions and attitudes.

  2. Cross-sectional observation of the relationship of depressive symptoms with lifestyles and parents' status among Japanese junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyakutake, Aiko; Kamijo, Tomoko; Misawa, Yuka; Washizuka, Shinsuke; Inaba, Yuji; Tsukahara, Teruomi; Nomiyama, Tetsuo

    2016-07-01

    Students' depressive symptoms might be related to their own risk factors and to their parents' status. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship of depressive symptoms with lifestyle variables and parents' psychological and socio-demographic status among Japanese junior high school students. Of 477 students and their parents, 409 (85.7 %) students and 314 (65.8 %) parents participated in the study. Students answered self-reported questionnaire on depressive symptoms, their heights and weights, subjective stress, body dissatisfaction, lifestyles including sleep duration and extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, and nutritional intake. Parents responded to questionnaire on depressive symptoms and socio-demographic status. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 24.9 %. Students with depressive symptoms were more likely to have stress. Students in shorter and longer sleep duration groups were more likely to have depressive symptoms. The students with depressive symptoms had smaller amount of energy intake than did those without depressive symptoms. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed significant relationships between students' depressive symptoms and some independent variables. Sex, subjective stress, "almost-never"-categorized extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, and having a parent with depressive symptoms were significantly associated with students' depressive symptoms. Reducing mental stress and taking care of lifestyles, especially, "almost-everyday"-categorized extracurricular physical activity in school and other physical activity outside the school, may have benefits for students' mental health, and having a parent with depressive symptoms may be associated with students' depressive symptoms.

  3. Bockron as a Medium of Learning in The Process of Inquiry based Learning to Improve Science Process Skills of Junior High School Students in Growth and Development Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayasari, D.

    2017-02-01

    Investigative research on Influence of bockron as a medium of learning in process of inquiry-based learning to the development of science process skills on the concept of growth and development. This research was done in an effort to follow up underdeveloped skills of observing, communicating andconclude on students. This research was conducted using classroom action research (PTK), which consisted of 3 cycles. Cycle 1 students observe differences in growth and development, cycle 2 students measure the growth rate, cycle 3 students observe factors that influence growth and development, In these three cycles is used as a planting medium bocron (bottles and dacron). It involves 8th grade junior high-school students of 14-15 years old as research subjects in six meetings. Indicators of process skill include observation, communication, interpretation and inference. Data is collected through students’ work sheets, written tests and observation. Processing of the data to see N-Gain used Microsoft Excel 2007, and the results showed that an increase in science process skills with a value of medium N-Gain (0,63). Bokron learning medium easily and cheaply obtainable around the students, particularly those in urban areas is quite difficult to get land to be used as aplanting medium. In addition to observation of growth and development, bokron media can also be used to observe the motion in plants. The use bokron as a learning medium can train and develop science process skills, attitude and scientific method also gives students concrete experience of the process of growth and development in plants.

  4. National survey on school-based fluoride mouth-rinsing programme in Japan: regional spread conditions from preschool to junior high school in 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komiyama, Karin; Kimoto, Kazunari; Taura, Katsuhiko; Sakai, Osamu

    2014-06-01

    We surveyed the state of implementation of the school-based fluoride mouth-rinsing programme (S-FMR) in schools in Japan from March 2010. Questionnaires on the implementation status of S-FMR in each type of school (including preschool and kindergarten) were sent by post to the oral health administration departments of all 47 prefectures and 89 cities (18 ordinance-designated cities, 23 special wards, 41 core cities and seven public health centres in ordinance-designated cities) with public health centres. The S-FMR implementation rate was low, at only 11% of all schools in Japan and only 6% of all participating school children aged 4-14 years. In many regions, the S-FMR was implemented more widely and received higher participation from children in either elementary schools and junior high schools or preschools and kindergartens. Inter-prefectural disparities were seen in S-FMR implementation, as some prefectures and cities did not include topical fluoride application in their health promotion plans, and some local public bodies did not include targets for fluoride mouth-rinsing. To reduce this disparity in Japan where systemic fluoride application is not performed, each local public body must consider implementing the S-FMR as a public health measure. We propose using the results of this survey as basic data for formulating S-FMR goals (numerical targets) and adopting S-FMR as a concrete measure in the second Healthy Japan 21, to be launched in the fiscal year for 2013, and within the basic matters of the Act Concerning the Promotion of Dental and Oral Health. © 2013 FDI World Dental Federation.

  5. 阶段性的初三英语写作教学%Periodical English Writing Teaching in Grade Three of Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建丽

    2012-01-01

    初三英语写作教学的阶段性主要分为上新课阶段和第一轮、第二轮、第三轮复习阶段。根据不同阶段教学任务的特点采取相匹配的写作教学方法和措施,切切实实提高学生的英语写作水平。这些方法和措施是根据初三的教学规律、特点以及初三学生的实际需要,并依据新《英语课程标准》的理念,并且从多年初三教学实践和体验中总结出来的。它是容易操作并行之有效的英语写作教法。%Periodicity of English writing teaching in grade three of junior high school is mainly divided into new lesson stage and the first round, the second round, the third round review stage. Teachers can adopt corresponding writing teaching methods and measures according to the characteristics of teaching tasks in different stages so as to improve students' English writing competence. These methods and measures are summarized according to teaching laws and characteristics of grade three, students' reality, the idea of English Curriculum Standard and the author's practice and experience. It is a feasible and effective English writing teaching methods.

  6. 浅谈初中数学教学中探究能力的培养%On Inquiry Ability Training in Junior High School Mathematics Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄慧群

    2014-01-01

    With the development of society, mankind has entered a study, information technology, knowledge-based era, education has the role of making everyone develop their creativity and potential, teacher is to cultivate the pillars of the coun-try's professional talents, so in order to cultivate innovative talent as the main content of the work, change in the reform of education and teaching in traditional teaching methods, students can fully reflect the establishment of the cognitive-based, teachers play a guiding role in the new teaching methods. In this paper, analysis of the problems in junior high school mathe-matics teaching, raised to explore the issue of students' ability, solve the current teaching difficulties.%随着社会的发展,人类已经进入了一个学习化、信息化、知识化的时代,教育具有使每个人发展自身创造性和才能潜力的作用,教师是为国家培养栋梁人才的职业,所以要以培养具有创新精神的人才为工作的主要内容,在教育教学的改革中改变传统的教学方式,建立可以充分体现学生认知为主、教师发挥指导作用的新教学方式。本文针对初中数学教学中存在的问题进行了分析,提出了培养学生的探究能力,解决当前教学中困难的措施。

  7. 初中科学课堂教学设计的探索与实践%Perspectives on Classroom Teaching Design of Junior High Science Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈群芳; 华巧燕; 张斌

    2015-01-01

    The New Curriculum Standards for Junior High Science emphasizes that teaching be based on students'learning interests, life experience and cognitive levels, and advocates by experiencing, anticipating, cooperating and communicating as well as TBL approach. This is to develop students'comprehensive scientific accomplishment, and to make science learning a process of forming positive attitudes, active thinking, and brave practicing, and promoting cross-cultural awareness and autonomous learning ability. In this paper, the authors mainly discuss practice and exploration on classroom teaching design from four aspects such as creating emotional situations, choosing autonomy-oriented learning contents, presenting knowledge via activities, and life-oriented organization of learning materials.%初中科学新课程标准强调要从学生的学习兴趣、生活经验和认知水平等方面出发,倡导体验、实践、参与、合作与交流的学习方式和任务型的教学途径,系统谋划发展学生的综合科学素养,促使科学课程的学习过程能成为学生形成积极的情感态度、主动思维和大胆探究实践、提高跨文化意识和自主学习能力的过程.主要从情境创设情感化、内容选择自主化、呈现方式活动化和素材组织生活化4个方面对初中科学课堂教学设计开展探索与实践,以期供专业教师在组织初中科学课程教学时参考和借鉴.

  8. National survey on school-based fluoride mouth-rinsing programme in Japan: regional spread conditions from preschool to junior high school in 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komiyama, Karin; Kimoto, Kazunari; Taura, Katsuhiko; Sakai, Osamu

    2014-01-01

    Aims We surveyed the state of implementation of the school-based fluoride mouth-rinsing programme (S-FMR) in schools in Japan from March 2010. Methods Questionnaires on the implementation status of S-FMR in each type of school (including preschool and kindergarten) were sent by post to the oral health administration departments of all 47 prefectures and 89 cities (18 ordinance-designated cities, 23 special wards, 41 core cities and seven public health centres in ordinance-designated cities) with public health centres. Results The S-FMR implementation rate was low, at only 11% of all schools in Japan and only 6% of all participating school children aged 4–14 years. In many regions, the S-FMR was implemented more widely and received higher participation from children in either elementary schools and junior high schools or preschools and kindergartens. Conclusions Inter-prefectural disparities were seen in S-FMR implementation, as some prefectures and cities did not include topical fluoride application in their health promotion plans, and some local public bodies did not include targets for fluoride mouth-rinsing. To reduce this disparity in Japan where systemic fluoride application is not performed, each local public body must consider implementing the S-FMR as a public health measure. We propose using the results of this survey as basic data for formulating S-FMR goals (numerical targets) and adopting S-FMR as a concrete measure in the second Healthy Japan 21, to be launched in the fiscal year for 2013, and within the basic matters of the Act Concerning the Promotion of Dental and Oral Health. PMID:24256345

  9. CARIES PREVENTION AMONG JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.К. Matelo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Biennial program of controlled tooth brushing performed econdary school among junior schoolchildren from Minsk secondary school № 166 proved to be highly effective. Decrease in caries increment has been shown on the average up to 50%. No credible differences between remineralising defluorinated toothpastes or pastes enriched with aminofluoride (F = 500 ppm and sodium fluoride  (F = 1000 ppm efficacy were found in this study. Credibility of the results was determined by comparison with similar study conducted on a bigger population of children. Though anti-caries effect of the same tooth-pastes in a bigger-scale study was lower — within 30%. Such difference can be explained by a different level of motivation and discipline of participants.Key words: schoolchildren, dental caries prevention, toothpastes. (Voprosy sovremennoi pediatrii — Current Pediatrics. — 2011; 10 (6: 48–51

  10. Relationship between parent-child relationship, peer relationslip, teacher-student relationship and social self-concept of the left-behind kids in junior middle school%农村留守初中生亲子同伴师生关系与社会自我的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚恩菊; 陈旭

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between parent-child relationship, peer relationship,teacher-student relationship and social self-concept among the left-behind children in junior middle school, and to provide references for mental health education. Methods A total of 1 433 junior school students were investigated with the Social Self-concept Questionnaire, Parent-child Cohesion Questionnaire, Parent-child Conflict Questionnaire, Friendship Quality Questionnaire and Teacher-Student Relationship Questionnaire ( Student Version). Results There was significant difference in interpersonal sensitivity, role adjustment, parent-child cohesion, conflict and betray, conflict between left-behind junior high school students and control group. There was significant positive correlation between social self-concept and parent-child cohesion, help accompany, intimate communication, affirmative value, trust and respect, intimacy and reactive( P<0.01). Multi-variant regression analysis indicated that help accompany, intimacy and intimate communication can significantly forecast social self-concept. Conclusion The rural left-behind students' social self-concept is correlated to parent-child cohesion, peer and teacher-student relationship. The left-behind children's health should be promoted by the positive effects of the teachers and the peers.%目的 探讨农村留守初中生亲子、同伴、师生关系与社会自我的关系,为农村留守儿童的心理健康教育提供参考依据.方法 采用青少年社会自我问卷、亲子亲合问卷、亲子冲突问卷、同伴友谊质量量表、师生关系量表,对随机整群抽取的重庆市4所乡镇中学1 433名初中生进行调查.结果 留守初中生的人际敏感性显著高于非留守初中生,角色调节、父子亲合、冲突背叛、冲突性均显著低于非留守初中生(P值均<0.05);社会自我与父子亲合、帮助陪伴、亲密交流、肯定价值、信任尊重、亲密性、反应

  11. SOCIAL COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS› SOCIALIZATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anzhelika Ahmetovna Novikova

    2016-01-01

    The article presents the social competence structure and diagnostic methods; described author matrix of diagnosis and determination of students’ social competence formed level in high school educational space.

  12. RESILIENCE OF RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOR BASED ON SEX IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN SEMARANG CENTRAL JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dini Rakhmawati

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Resilience refers to the pattern of positive adaptation in the face of risk or difficulty (Masten & Coatsworth, 1998; in Luthar, 2003. Adolescents who have experienced less favorable conditions risk factors tend to be more susceptible to irregularities and problem behaviors including risky sexual behavior, but there are also teenagers who have resilience in the face of adversity. Patterns teens are able to survive and recover effectively called resilience. Teens who have high resilience, will have the possibility to grow faster and happier than teens who do not have or lack the ability to bounce back from adversity (Reivich & Shatte, 2002. The basic assumption in the study of resilience is that some individuals remain fine even though it has experienced a situation laden adversity and risky, while some other individuals fail to adapt and mired in adversity or risk a heavier again (Schoon, 2006. Low levels of resilience in adolescents will lead to vulnerability to the risks of adversity that lead to high-risk sexual behavior. Biological development, including gender, personal characteristics of adolescents, the situation in schools, peers, and family is something that has two sides, five things can serve as a protective factor may also be a risk factor for the development of adolescent resilience against risky sexual behavior. When adolescents can not face the risk factors that occur in the next life will result in the occurrence of risky behaviors such as risky sexual behavior.

  13. RESILIENCE OF RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOR BASED ON SEX IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN SEMARANG CENTRAL JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dini Rakhmawati

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Resilience refers to the pattern of positive adaptation in the face of risk or difficulty (Masten & Coatsworth, 1998; in Luthar, 2003. Adolescents who have experienced less favorable conditions risk factors tend to be more susceptible to irregularities and problem behaviors including risky sexual behavior, but there are also teenagers who have resilience in the face of adversity. Patterns teens are able to survive and recover effectively called resilience. Teens who have high resilience, will have the possibility to grow faster and happier than teens who do not have or lack the ability to bounce back from adversity (Reivich & Shatte, 2002. The basic assumption in the study of resilience is that some individuals remain fine even though it has experienced a situation laden adversity and risky, while some other individuals fail to adapt and mired in adversity or risk a heavier again (Schoon, 2006. Low levels of resilience in adolescents will lead to vulnerability to the risks of adversity that lead to high-risk sexual behavior.Biological development, including gender, personal characteristics of adolescents, the situation in schools, peers, and family is something that has two sides, five things can serve as a protective factor may also be a risk factor for the development of adolescent resilience against risky sexual behavior. When adolescents can not face the risk factors that occur in the next life will result in the occurrence of risky behaviors such as risky sexual behavior.

  14. 1991 Summer research program for high school juniors at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyerhofer, David D.

    1991-09-01

    Ten students participated in the 1991 summer high school student research program at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE). The participants spent 8 weeks working and learning at LLE. They spent most of their time working on individual research projects. Each student was assigned a project, upon which he/she worked under the direct supervision of one of the staff members of the laboratory. The students, their high schools, and their projects are listed in Table 1. The program culminated in oral and written reports describing their work. The oral reports were presented at a symposium on 23 August 1991, at which the student's parents and teachers and members of the LLE staff were present. The written reports are collected in this volume. The titles of the works are UV alignment table; neutron yields can be measured by using the relative gain of a photomultiplier tube; scattering in isotropic and anisotropic media; a better approximation of the diffusion equation; use of the SLAC code to produce a photoemissive electrostatic electron gun; spatial resolution deteriorates with increasing film exposure; analysis of refractive image distortion; making of pinholes for x-ray pinhole cameras; does perturbation theory accurately describe multiphoton ionization and wave front analysis using shearing interferometry.

  15. Family Structure and Social Influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Dawn R.

    Regardless of family form, there is a universal belief that one's family is the most powerful agent of socialization. A sample of 38 junior high school students from single parent and nuclear families completed a questionnaire in order to examine the relative effects of peer influence and family influence in single parent and nuclear families.…

  16. 农民工子弟与公办学校初中生伤害危险行为比较%Accident injury behavior among Junior high school students in peasant worker's children school and urban public school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂少萍; 许燕君; 马文军; 徐浩锋; 宋秀玲; 蔡秋茂; 许晓君; 夏亮

    2009-01-01

    Objective To understand the accident injury behaviors among junior high school students in peasant worker's children school for injury prevention and intervention. Methods The cluster random sampling method was adopted to perform anonymous questionnaire survey in 5 791 junior high school students from 11 peasant worker's children schools and 16 urban public schools of Guangdong province. Results The incidence rate of fighting(30. 5%) ,self-injurious behav-ior(I1.2%) ,being bullied(13. 1%), feelings of lonely(12. 9%), sad(11.7%) and insomnia(10. 2%) were higher in peasant worker's children school students than that of in urban public school students. The feeling of unsafety(8.0%) and the unsafe game playing (90. 4%) were lower in peasant worker's children school students than that of in urban public school students. The behaviors of riding and walking against regulation, swimming in unsafe water, fighting were higher in boys than that of in girls. But the feelings of lonely, gloomy ,insomnia, sad and hopeless, self-injurious behavior were higher in the girls than that of in the boys. Condusion Violence behavior and suicide related psychological problems were more serious in peasant worker's children school students than that of urban public school students. More attentions should be paid to social adaptation of the children of peasant workers.%目的 了解农工子弟学校与公办学校初中学生伤害危险行为发生状况,为制定干预措施提供基础数据.方法 采取分层整群抽样方法,以匿名方式对广东省11所农民工子弟学校和16所公办学校共5 791名初中学生进行伤害危险行为问卷调查.结果 农民工子弟学校初中学生打架行为发生率为30.5%,自伤行为11.2%,受欺侮13.1%,感到孤独12.9%,伤心绝望11.7%,失眠10.2%,均高于公办学校初中学生的22.4%,9.1%,10.7%,8.5%,9.3%,8.1%(P<0.01);无安全感8.0%,不安全玩耍90.4%,低于公办学校初中学生10.2%,93.7%(P<0.01);骑车违规、步

  17. Experience of Teaching Reflection in Junior High School Mathematics%对初中数学教学反思一点感触

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑淑环

    2013-01-01

      论述了新课程标准下初中数学教师进行教学反思的必要性,并从初中数学教师“如何撰写教学反思”这一个角度上讨论了初中数学教师教学反思的策略和一点经验。%This paper discusses the necessity of teaching reflec-tion of middle school mathematics teachers under the new cur-riculum standard, and discusses the junior middle school mathe-matics teaching reflection strategy and a bit of experience from the junior middle school mathematics teachers "how to write teaching reflection"this one angle.

  18. 浅谈初中语文阅读教学有效性%The Effectiveness of Teaching on Junior High School Chinese Reading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻吉平

    2014-01-01

    阅读理解是初中语文考试题型中很重要的基础类型题,阅读理解是初中生在获取知识、开阔思维、提高知识储备的重要途径之一。从如何有效提升初中生全面素质,发挥阅读理解题型教学方面,对学生素质全面发展的优势进行讨论。%Reading comprehension is a very important basic types of ques tions in the junior middle school language teaching. Reading comprehension is the acquisition of knowledge,an open mind,one of the important ways to improve knowledge of junior middle school students. From how to enhance the overall quality of junior middle school students,play the reading comprehension teaching on students' all-round development advantages are discussed.

  19. The Relationship between Frustration Tolerance and Parenting Style of Rural Junior High School Students%农村初中生挫折承受力与父母教养方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    相青; 王苗苗; 常瑞华; 宋玉萍

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To learn the basic situation of rural junior high school students frustration tolerance and its relationship with parenting style .Methods :The Egna Minnen av Barndoms uppfostran - own memories of parental (EMBU )and the rural junior high school students frustration tolerance scale were used in 155 students in one rural junior high school .Results :① The frustration tolerance differences in different grade were not significant ,the third grade was higher than the first ,the frustration endurance level of the second grade was the lowest .There were dis‐tinctive differences of the frustration tolerance in gender (P < 0 .05) .② Parents in emotional warmth and understand‐ing were positively related with frustration tolerance (r = 0 .195 ,0 .240 ;P < 0 .05) .Parents in punishment and harsh(r= ‐0 .331 ,‐0 .302) ,excessive interference(r = ‐0 .262 ,r = ‐0 .266) ,refused to deny (r = ‐0 .311 ,‐0 .230) ,preference(r= ‐0 .237 ,‐0 .230)were negatively related with frustration tolerance .③ Father’s punishment and harsh(R2 = 0 .110) , mother’s emotional warmth and understanding (R2 = 0 .025)could significantly predict frustration tolerance of rural junior high school students .Conclusion :The frustration tolerance is higher in girls than that in boys rural junior high school students ;Parenting style can predict rural junior high students'frustration tolerance .%目的:了解农村初中生挫折承受力的基本状况,并探讨其与父母教养方式的关系。方法:使用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU )和中学生挫折承受力问卷对山东省某农村中学155名学生进行问卷调查。结果:①农村初中生挫折承受力总体上年级差异不显著。女生与男生的挫折承受力间差异显著(t =2.208,P <0.05);②温暖理解的父母教养方式与初中生挫折承受力呈正相关(r =0.195,0.240),严厉惩罚(r =‐0.331,‐0.302

  20. 初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩的关系研究%Relationship between subjective well-being of junior high school students and their academic achievement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利钧; 杜东东

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩是否相关以及主观幸福感是否存在年级、性别、成绩及学校差异,为初中生心理健康教育提供依据.方法 采用分层抽样法选取大同市两所中学里的150名初中生作为研究对象,利用总体幸福感量表(General Well Being Schedule,Fazio,1977,简称GWB)进行间卷调查,将调查数据与每个同学的期中考试成绩一同用SPSS11.5进行相关分析、方差分析、方差齐性检验、t检验等.结果 初中生主观幸福感较高,男生均分为79.75,女生均分为79.88分(全国常模男性为75分,女性为71分);初中生主观幸福感不存在年级、性别、成绩及学校差异;他们的主观幸福感与学业成绩呈负相关,且与单科的语文成绩呈负相关,差异具有统计学意义,相关系数为一0.183 (P< 0.05).结论 初中生主观幸福感与学业成绩呈负相关;学业成绩优异的初中生,其主观幸福感反而较低,应引起足够的重视.%OBJECTIVE To research on the relationship between satisfaction and academic achievement, and whether there is significant difference in the satisfaction between different grade, sex, academic achievement and schools, so as to provide scientific basis for mental health of junior high school students. METHODS 150 junior high students from the two middle schools of Datong were selected by using stratified sampling method, and they were investigated with General Well Being Schedule (General Well Being Schedule, Fazio, 1977, referred to GWB), and the results of the investigation and the midterm exam scores of 150 junior high students were analyzed with SPSS 11.5. The analysts included correlation analysis, variance analysis, homogeneity of variance test, T test and so on. RESULTS Junior high school students had higher scores of subjective well-being, and the average score of male was 79.75 and 79.88 in females (the national norm score of subjective well-being for males was75

  1. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kai-Yang; Wu, Min-Chen; Tung, Shu-Chin; Hsieh, City C.; Yao, Hsueh-Hua; Ho, Chien-Chang

    2017-01-01

    The relationship between students’ school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine. School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium) and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents’ physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI), bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump). Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed significantly in

  2. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai-Yang Lo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between students’ school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total in grades seven to nine.School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents’ physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI, bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump. Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed

  3. Association of School Environment and After-School Physical Activity with Health-Related Physical Fitness among Junior High School Students in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Kai-Yang; Wu, Min-Chen; Tung, Shu-Chin; Hsieh, City C; Yao, Hsueh-Hua; Ho, Chien-Chang

    2017-01-15

    The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine.School environment (level of urbanization, school size, presence of sports field or gymnasium) and after-school physical activity were assessed for their association with adolescents' physical fitness measurements (body mass index (BMI), bent-leg sit-ups, 800-/1600-m run, sit-and-reach, standing long jump). Urban boys and girls perform significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; girls from rural areas exhibited significantly worse scores in body composition. Boys from large-size schools performed the worst in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and explosive power; whereas girls from large-size schools performed the worst in muscle strength, muscle endurance, and explosive power, but had the best score for body composition. However, the differences in body composition of boys from large-, medium-, and small- size schools did not reach a statistically significant level. Adolescents of both genders in schools with a sports field or gymnasium exhibited significantly better in muscle strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and explosive power. Boys in schools with a sports field or gymnasium had significantly better body composition; girls in schools with sports field or gymnasium differed significantly in

  4. 初中体育教师课堂教学活动空间的研究--基于师生互动言语行为的视角%A study of the classroom teaching activity spaces of junior high school physical education teachers--Based on the perspective of verbal behaviors of interaction between teacher and students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时维金; 沈建华; 蔡皓

    2016-01-01

    采用观察和社会网络分析等研究方法,分析初中体育教师课堂教学过程中站位与行走的活动空间。结果显示:在不同学生队形中,初中体育教师课堂教学的站位分布呈现多元化,并在空间结构上表现核心-边缘结构;行走路径多发生于言语讲解动作要领、要求与方法的过程,基本居于学生队形中央或中央偏外的位置,且在互动对象与站位的选择上呈现出局部偏向性的特点;言语信息传播效率较高,但各个站位位置之间联络的紧密程度较小。据此提出体育教师应保持并适度加强自身的“核心”站位,利用有限的“核心-边缘”站位,实现无限的师生互动价值。%By using research methods such as observation and social network analysis, the authors analyzed the standing and walking activity spaces in the classroom teaching process of junior high school physical education teachers, and revealed the following findings: in different student formations, the standing positions of junior high school physical education teachers were distributed in a diversified way, and showed a core-periphery structure in terms of space structure; their walking paths often occurred in the process of verbally explaining the key points, re-quirements and methods of movements, were basically at the center or a position at the outer side of the center of student formations, and showed the characteristics of local preference in terms of the selection of interacting objects and standing positions; the efficiency of verbal information communication was high, but the degree of closeness of connection between various standing positions was low. Accordingly, the author suggested that junior high school physical education teachers should maintain and moderately enhance their “core” standing positions, and realize the unlimited value of interaction between teacher and students by utilizing limited “core-periphery” standing

  5. The Research of Junior High School Mathematics Intelligent Classroom Structure and Case Based on Micro-course%基于微课的初中数学智慧课堂构建及案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞敬文; 张宇航; 王梦雪; 樊雅琴; 解月光

    2016-01-01

    随着时代的发展和教育的进步,智慧教育越来越受到人们的广泛关注。智慧课堂作为一种物理架构,是智慧教育理念实现的基础和关键。该文立足基于微课的初中数学课堂教学的构建,从实践出发,通过观看教学微视频、参与课堂设计并且观摩现场课堂等方法,对基于微课的初中数学课堂教学中存在的问题和应用现状进行了分析与总结。最后以问题为出发点,以智慧教育理念为指导,构建基于微课的初中数学智慧课堂并进行案例设计与分析。%with the development of time and education, intelligent education has received more and more attention. Intelligent classroom, as a physical framework, is the basement and the key point of intelligent education theory. This paper analyzed and summarized problems existed and the application status in junior high school mathematics teaching based on micro-course, through the method of watching teaching micro-vedio and real classes and also participate in the designation, which based on the structure of junior high school mathematics intelligent classroom. At last, it designed and analyzed a junior high school mathematics intelligent classroom based on micro-course, which is instructed by intelligent education theory and took the problem as the starting point.

  6. 初中生二语学习内部动机调查研究%An Investigation into the L2 Intrinsic Motivation of Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦希根

    2011-01-01

    学习动机作为一种非智力因素对学生学习具有重要影响,本文通过对来自新乡市两所初中学校的180名学生进行调查,发现初中生二语内部动机普遍较弱,并且男生的二语内部动机要稍弱于女生。针对这一调查结果,笔者建议教师应在日常英语教学中,采取积极有效的措施,如提高学生的二语能力感、日常教学中向学生传授有效的学习策略以及引导学生学会合作学习等,努力提升学生学习英语的能力感和自主感,以此提高学生的二语内部动机。%All investigation into L2 intrinsic motivation of junior high school students was carried out among 180 students fi'om two junior high schools in Xinxiang City. The results show that the L2 intrinsic motivation of junior high school students is generally weak, and the L2 intrinsic motivation of the boys is slightly weaker than that of the girls. The teachers need to take effective measures to enhance students' L2 perceived competence and perceived autonomy to cultivate their L2 intrinsic motivation.

  7. 谈初中语文朗读教学的缺失及对策%On the Deficiency of Chinese Reading Teaching in Junior High Schools and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高秀民

    2014-01-01

    Reading, as the fundamental of Chinese language teaching, occupies an important position in junior high school Chinese language teaching, as it helps to cultivate students' sense of language, and develop their comprehensive Chinese language ability. However, the current status of Chinese reading teaching in junior high schools is not optimistic, and even a lack of reading takes place, which severely hampers the improvement of students' Chinese language literacy. Therefore, a profound understanding of the importance of reading teaching and giving play to its func-tion, is an important issue for every Chinese language teacher to ponder. Combined with the writer's own teaching practice, start-ing from the manifestations of reading deficiency in junior high school Chinese language teaching, this paper explores the coun-termeasures of Chinese reading teaching.%朗读是语文教学的根本,在初中语文教学中占有重要地位,有助于培养学生的语感,培养学生的语文综合能力。但目前初中语文朗读教学的现状不容乐观,甚至出现了朗读缺失的问题,严重制约了学生语文素养的提升。因此,深刻认识朗读教学的重要性并发挥其功用,是每个语文教师急需思考的重要问题。本文主要结合自身教学实践,从初中语文朗读教学缺失的表现入手,探讨初中语文朗读教学的对策。

  8. Junior High School Students' Motivation Regulation Strategies and Their Relationship with Math Scores%初中生学习动机调节策略及其与数学成绩的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎丹丹; 李肖静; 唐丽洁

    2015-01-01

    本研究采取方便取样方法,使用《初中生动机调节策略问卷》对河南省176名初中生进行施测。结论:初中生对于动机调节策略的使用频率基本处于中等水平,平均分在2.95到3.66之间。男女生在总平均分及各个维度的平均分上,女生都优于男生。动机调节策略总平均分、表现目标唤起维度平均得分对数学成绩有显著的正向预测效应。%This study adopted convenience sampling method and made a survey among 176 junior high school students in He'nan Province using a "Junior High School Students Motivation Regulation Strategies Questionnaire". Conclusion:The frequency of junior high school students using motiva-tion regulation strategies is substantially at the middle level, with the average score between 2.95 and 3.66. In the over-all average and the average score for each dimension, the girls are better than boys. The total average score of using motivation regulation strategies, and average score of perfor-mance targets arousal dimension have significantly positive predictive effect on the math scores.

  9. 浅析初中政治教学的优化策略与方案%Discussion on Optimization Strategies and Schemes of Politics Teaching in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵军

    2016-01-01

    With the development of modern society and the adverse shock of the foreign culture, Teenagers moral level and cognitive abilities are affected to a great extent, especially for junior high school students who just entered their puberties. Their outlooks on life, world and values have not formed yet, and their self distinguish ability is also very weak, it is easy for them to be affected by adverse factors and go astray. Therefore, we need to change the original political teaching mode in junior high school, and guide the junior high school students to form correct values in adapting to the present stage.%随着当代社会物质水平的发展与外国不良文化的冲击,青少年的道德水平和认知能力在很大程度上受到了影响,特别是刚进入青春期的初中生,他们的人生观、世界观、价值观还未形成,自我辨别能力还很弱,很容易被不良因素所影响而误入歧途。因此,我们需要改变原有的初中政治教学模式,在适应现阶段社会发展的前提下,引导初中生形成正确的价值观。

  10. High political participation, high social capital? A relational analysis of youth social capital and political participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teney, Celine; Hanquinet, Laurie

    2012-09-01

    Social capital has been alleged to increase the capacity for political mobilization. Yet, until now, the empirical debate has not succeeded in rendering a detailed account of the relationships between social capital and political participation partly because of the use of a reductive conception and operationalization of both concepts. Using a multidimensional and relational technique (multiple correspondence analysis) and a detailed youth survey data from Belgium, the article demonstrates that youth draw on diverse forms of social capital and that these forms vary along socio-economic status and ethnic origin. Six classes based on the forms of social capital were identified. Two of them - the 'Committed' and 'Religious' are highly political active. The 'Committed' Class, based on a diversified social capital, consists mainly of non-immigrant youth with a high socio-economic background undertaking a large diversity of political activities. The 'Religious' Class, based on a narrow social capital built around religious activities, is mostly composed of ethnic minority youth with a low SES involved in more specific political activities.

  11. 初中政治教学中自主学习能力的培养%The Cultivation of Autonomous Learning Ability in Junior High School Politics Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦金花

    2011-01-01

    初中思想政治教材的特点为课堂自主学习创造了条件,教师应该充分利用这些条件改进教学方法,培养学生自主学习的习惯和能力。%The characteristics of junior high school politics textbook supplies situation for classroom autonomous learning and teachers should make full of this situation to improve teaching method, thus to cultivate students' autonomous learning habits and ability

  12. 初中数学探究式教学存在的问题及解决策略——课题研究总结%Problems in Junior High School Mathematics Inquiry Teaching and Their Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦超能

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes some problems in junior high school mathematics inquiry teaching and raises some countermeasures based on teaching practice, hoping to bring the role of inquiry teaching into full play.%本文分析了初中数学探究式教学中存在的问题,并在教学实践的基础上提出了应对策略.旨在使探究式教学真正发挥其作用。

  13. 新课程背景下初中数学教师的自我定位%Self-positioning of Junior High School Mathematics Teachers in New Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文英

    2011-01-01

    新课程改革下的初中数学教师要从根本上转变观念,摆脱传统教学模式的束缚,赋予数学课堂以生机和魅力,从而达到师生在学习中成长、在学习中收获的目的。%Junior high school mathematics teachers in new curriculum reform should change concept in the essence and get rid of rigidness of traditional teaching pattern and give classroom teaching vitality and charm, thus to achieve the objective of teachers and st

  14. 初中生自杀意念与生活事件及家庭环境的关系%Relationship between suicidal ideation and life events, family environment among junior high school students.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬冬; 刘金同; 史高岩; 杨楹; 张燕; 王旸

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨初中生自杀意念的现状及自杀意念与家庭环境特征、负性生活事件的关系.方法 采用自杀意念自评量表、青少年生活事件量表、家庭环境量表及一般情况调查问卷,调查济南市初中生共830人.结果 初中生年自杀意念检出率10.7%,且随着年级的增高呈上升的趋势(P<0.05).有无自杀意念两组在生活事件量表及家庭环境量表各因子上有显著性差异(P<0.05).自杀意念的影响因素包括:学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、其他因子、亲密度、知识性、独立性、矛盾性及道德宗教观.结论 初中生自杀意念的发生与不良的家庭环境、负性生活事件有密切的关系.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of suicide ideation on junior high school students and its relations with negative life events and family environment.Methods A total of 830 junior high school students from Jinan were assessed with self - rating idea of suicide scale ( SIOSS), adolescent self - rating life events checklist (ASLEC) ,family environment scale (FES).Results 10.7% junior high school students had suicidal ideation in the past year, and the prevelence of suicidal ideation significantly increased with the age.The scores of ASLEC, FES were significantly different between students with suicidal ideation and students without suicidal ideation (P < 0.05 ).The influencing factors of suicidal ideation included academic stress, punishment of parental and school discipline style, other life events factor, cohesion, conflict, independence, intellectual - cultural orientation, moral - religious emphasis.Conclusion Suicidal ideation are more likely emerge in junior high school students who experienced more negative life events and had unhealthy family environment.

  15. On the Cultivation of Junior High School Physics Teaching Students Creative Thinking Ability%浅谈初中物理教学中学生创造性思维能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹强

    2014-01-01

    As a junior high school physical education workers,we should take various effective means, stimulate the students’ independent thinking and innovation consciousness, promote the development of students’ creative thinking, for conveying talents with creative ability for the society.%作为一名初中物理教育工作者,应通过采取各种有效手段,激发学生独立思考和创新意识,促进学生创造性思维的发展,争取为社会输送出具有创新能力的优秀人才。

  16. A Program for Teaching Primary Preventive Social Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapp-Simon, Kathy A.; Simon, Dennis J.

    This paper presents an overview of a systematic primary prevention program for promoting social competency in junior high school students, including a summary of goals, method, techniques, leadership requirements, and evaluation research. The Social Skills Training Program is described as a curriculum-based, small group program which teaches…

  17. Attracting College Candidates: The Impact of Perceived Social Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capraro, Anthony J.; Patrick, Michelle L.; Wilson, Melissa

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores how perceived attractiveness of the social life at a college/university influences potential applicants' likelihood to request information from, visit and apply to (decision approach actions) that school. Results obtained from a study of high school juniors indicate that attractiveness of social life, defined in terms of…

  18. 國中生物教師資訊行為再探討 | The Advanced Study of Information Behavior of Biology Teachers in Junior High School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    藍治平、張永達 Chih-Ping Lan、Yung-Ta Chang

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:39-48

    本研究以七位國中生物教師為研究對象,採用半結構式訪談法及課室觀察以蒐集資料,並以紮根理論進行資料分析,深入探討國中生物教師在教學上所表現的資訊行為。結果發現國中生物教師的資訊來源管道主要分成兩大類,分別是外在資訊來源及內在經驗來源。經由資訊來源管道所取得的資訊,大致上可以分成七大類,包括概念表徵資訊、學生資訊、學科教學資訊、學科內容資訊、一般教育學資訊、一般教學情境資訊、特殊經驗資訊等。至於生物教師資訊行為的促發因素與影響因素均可分為教師本身、學生、教學情境等三方面因素。此外生物教師在教學歷程中,對於資訊的使用主要是將學科內容轉形成教學表徵來加以呈現。本研究針對資訊服務系統建置提供的建議,希望能作為其改進之參考,使能更符合教師之教學需求與使用方式。

    This study aims to explore the information behavior of biology teachers in junior high school. Semi-structured interview and classroom observation data of seven biology teachers in junior high school were collected and analyzed by using the grounded theory. Results show that

  19. A Study on Metacognitive Strategies and Autonomous Learning Ability of Junior High School Students%元认知策略训练与初中生自主学习能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 芦文俊

    2012-01-01

    部分初中生在学习上缺乏有效的学习策略,自我管理学习能力欠缺,自主学习水平偏低。作为一种学习策略,元认知策略的使用水平体现了学生自主学习能力的发展水平。为探索元认知策略训练在培养初中生英语自主学习能力方面的作用及影响,笔者对陕西省户县某中学九年级学生进行了调查。结果表明,实验后,学生的元认知策略使用水平、学习自主性以及语言水平都有大幅度提升,多数学生在学习中能够有效制定学习计划,监控学习过程,评价学习效果,学习自觉性有了很大的提高。%Some junior high school students lack effective learning strategies and the ability of self-control. Their level of autonomous learning need to be improved. This paper aims at exploring the effects and influences of the metacoguitive strategy training on the development of the autonomous learning ability of junior high school students. The author conducted an experiment on the students of two classes in grade nine in a junior school. The result indicates that the use of metacognitive strategies has improved these students significantly on the English autonomous learning ability and the language competence after the students accepted training in metacognitive strategies.

  20. Reflection on Setting up the Course of Junior High School Science%关于设置初中科学课的反思——以某地初中科学课的开设为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    但武刚; 陈昕欣

    2011-01-01

    As one parts of the national curriculum, the j umor nigh scnool science class experienced ups, and downs during its regional implementation process. The reasons could be the external or internal ones, teaching factors, and the compilation of the teaching materials etc. Thus the researchers should make sure that it is necessary to have sound demonstrations before the implementation of the junior high school science class. The set-up of junior high school science class should be supported by the proper supporting mechanism and have reasonable knowledge difficulty scope. The cautious attitudes should be taken towards the experiences of western junior schools' integrated science class. People should have scientific attitudes and democratic style towards it.%初中科学课是国家课程,在推行过程中有的地区先开后废,其原因是各方面的,有外部的,也有内部的;有教学上的,也有教材编制层面的。带给我们的启示如下:推行初中科学课前必须充分论证;完善各种配套机制;降低知识教学的难度要有限度;谨慎对待国外开设初中综合理科的经验;要有科学态度和民主作风。

  1. 青少年校园足球背景下初中足球教学内容体系构建%Construction of Junior High School Football Teaching System under the Background of Youth Campus Football

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔺麒

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, using the method of literature, questionnaire, statistics, interview, in football teaching contents in junior middle school of Tianjin city as the research object, through the investigation and study on the teaching contents of junior high school football Tianjin city, found that the proportion of junior high school football teaching in football, football tactics and physical training in football teaching process are improved to different degrees, but the emphasis is still not enough, and there are still many problems, this paper proposed the corresponding countermeasures, hope for the content of teaching junior high school football in the city to improve play a positive role to help,has important practical significance and lifelong sports consciousness to improve students on the football teaching and learning interest, enhance the students, the concept of fitness.%采用文献资料、问卷调查、数据统计、访谈等方法,以天津市部分初中学校的足球教学内容为研究对象,通过对天津市部分初中足球教学内容的调查研究,发现部分初中足球教学内容中的足球技术、足球战术以及身体训练在足球教学过程中的比重都有不同程度的提高,但重视程度依然不够,并且还存在许多问题,针对这些问题提出了相应解决措施,希望对该市初中足球教学内容的改善起到积极的帮助作用,同时也对提高中学生对足球教学的学习兴趣、增强中学生的健身观念、树立终身体育意识有着重要的现实意义。

  2. The effect of classroom-based social skills education on social skills and loneliness of junior high school student with poor social skills

    OpenAIRE

    江村, 理奈; 磯部, 美良; 岡安, 孝弘; 前田, 健一

    2004-01-01

    本研究では,中学1年生を対象にして学級を単位とした集団社会的スキル教育を実施する中で,社会的スキルの総得点が学年全体の平均値よりも顕著に低い5名の生徒に焦点をあて,社会的スキルの改善や孤独感の低減に及ぼす集団社会的スキル教育の効果を事例的に検討した。その結鼠5名中1名では,社会的スキル教育の実施後に社会的スキル総得点が学年全体の平均水準まで上昇するとともに,孤独感も低下し,集団社会的スキル教育による改善効果が認められた。しかし,他の4名では社会的スキルの上昇は認められたものの,学年全体の平均水準までには達しなかった。また,これら4名の孤独感にも顕著な変化はみられなかった。3つの社会的スキル下位尺度の変化パターンから,社会的スキル総得点の低い生徒に対する集団社会的スキル教育は,少なくとも自分から積極的に仲間に働きかける関係参加行動の改善には有効であることが示唆された。...

  3. The dominance analysis on predictive factors of internet addiction among junior high school students in Daqing city%大庆市初中生网络成瘾预测因素的优势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹建琴

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨大庆市初中生网络成瘾预测因素的相对贡献,为网络成瘾的针对性干预提供依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,抽取大庆市4所初中646名学生为研究对象进行心理测评;通过优势分析的方法探索生活事件等预测因素对网络成瘾的相对贡献.结果 网络成瘾与生活事件、交往焦虑、抑郁和积极应对的相关系数分别为0.39,0.15,0.12,0.09,P值均小于0.05;分层回归表明,人口学变量解决网络成瘾总方差的15%,社会支持、生活事件、应对方式和情绪变量联合解释网络成瘾总方差的23%;控制人口学变量后,预测网络成瘾的最佳指标为生活事件、交往焦虑、消极应对、客观支持这4个变量,该组变量解释网络成瘾总方差的18.5%;优势分析表明,在已预测的方差中,生活事件贡献84.52%,交往焦虑贡献8.21%,消极应对贡献4.72%,客观支持贡献2.54%.结论 生活事件、应对方式、情绪等不同因素对初中生网络成瘾的预测作用不同,应根据网络成瘾的具体原因,采取针对性的干预措施.%Objective To explore the relative contribution on predictive factors of internet addiction among junior high school students in Daqing city,and provide basis for targeted intervention on internet addiction.Methods By delaminating grouping method, based on a sample of 646 were surveyed with Internet Addiction Impairment Index and other mental scales. Through dominance analysis, study the relative contribution of various predictive factors of internet addiction. Results The correlation coefficients of life events, social anxiety, depression and positive coping with internet addiction were respectively 0.39, 0.15, 0.12 and 0.09(P<0.05). Hierarchical regression showed that the total variance of demography in predicting internet addiction was 15%;the total variance of life events, social support, coping styles and emotion variables in predicting internet addiction was 23

  4. Dietary behavior of junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City%北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解2012年北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为现状及差异,为制定相应干预措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取北京市房山区中学生共1 710名,采用“北京市青少年健康相关行为调查问卷”进行调查.结果 北京市房山区高中生大量喝饮料、在西式快餐店、路边摊用餐和偏食等不健康饮食行为的报告率(30.1%、1.4%、4.5%、42.2%)高于初中生(22.0%、0.3%、0.8%、32.4%);初中生每天吃新鲜水果、蔬菜和每天吃早餐、喝一杯牛奶等健康饮食行为的报告率(53.2%、80.0%、71.4%、30.7%)高于高中生(35.0%、34.6%、21.0%、19.0%).母亲文化程度越高,初中生健康饮食行为越多,不健康饮食行为越少;高中生母亲文化程度越高,无论健康还是不健康饮食行为也越多.结论 该区中学生学段越高不健康饮食行为越多,母亲的文化程度对初中生和高中生存在不同的影响.%[Objective] To understand the eating habit status and differences between junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City in 2012, and provide scientific evidence for developing interventions accordingly. [Methods] A total of 1 719 high school students were recruited for investigation of "Beijing Adolescent Health Behavior Questionnaire" in Fangshan District of Beijing City. [ Results ] The investigation showed that for heavy consumption of beverage, western-style fast-food restaurants, street vendors dining and being choosy about one's food, the unhealthy eating habit reported rates of senior high school students(30. 1% , 1.4% , 4.5% , 42.2% , respectively) were higher than those of junior high school students(22.0% , 0. 3% , 0. 8% , 32.4% , respectively) ; while for daily consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables , breakfast and a glass of milk, the healthy eating habit reported rates of junior high school students (53.2% ,80.0% , 71.4% , 30.7% , respectively) were

  5. Development of Teaching Materials Based Interactive Scientific Approach towards the Concept of Social Arithmetic For Junior High School Student

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abadi, M. K.; Pujiastuti, H.; Assaat, L. D.

    2017-02-01

    The scientific approach is the characteristic of the curriculum 2013. In learning to use a scientific approach, learning process consists of five stages: observe, ask, try, reasoning and convey. In the curriculum 2013 the source of learning is a book, print media, electronic and about nature or relevant learning resources. Most of the print instructional materials on the market does not appropriate in the curriculum 2013. Teaching materials with a scientific approach, beside that to the teaching materials should motivate students to not be lazy, do not get bored, and more eager to learn mathematics. So the development of scientific-based interactive teaching materials that if this approach to answer the challenge. The purpose of this research is to create teaching materials appropriate to the curriculum 2013 that is based on scientific approach and interactive. This study used research and developed methodology. The results of this study are scientific based interactive teaching materials can be used by learners. That can be used by learners are then expected to study teaching materials can be used in android smartphone and be used portable.

  6. 农村初中英语学困生自信心的干预研究%Interference Study on the Confidence of Students with Learning Difficulties in English in Rural Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟; 苏静

    2012-01-01

    We categorized 28 students with learning difficuhies in English from a rural junior high school into experimental and control group randomly, and carried out group guidance for nine times, and measured their confidence before and after the group guid- ance, to explore if the confidence intervention - oriented group guidance have a positive impact on the academic achievements of students with learning difficulties in rural junior school. After the group guidance, the confidence of the experimental group has been improved obviously, and students has made certain progress in English. So, the confidence intervention - oriented group guidance has positive intervention effect on rural junior school students with learning difficulties in English.%我们将某农村中学28名英语学困生随机分为实验组与对照组,并对实验组进行9次团体辅导,在实施团体辅导前后采用自信心量表进行测量,探讨以自信心干预为主的团体辅导是否对农村初中英语学困生的成绩有积极影响。团体辅导后,实验组被试的自信心水平显著提高,且英语学习成绩取得一定的进步。所以,以自信心干预为主的团体辅导对农村初中英语学困生具有积极的干预效果。

  7. The Correlation Study of Interest at Physics and Knowledge of Mathematics Basic Concepts towards the Ability to Solve Physics Problems of 7th Grade Students at Junior High School in Ambon Maluku Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaak Hendrik Wenno

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to determine the relation between interest at Physics and knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts with the ability to solve Physics problems. The populations are all students in the 7th grade at the junior high school in Ambon, Maluku, Indonesia. The used sample schools are Junior High Schools 8, 9, and 10 during 2013/2014 academic year with 44 students per school. Two independent variables and one dependent variable are studied. The independent variables are the interest at Physics (X1 and the knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts (X2, while the dependent variable is the ability to solve Physics problems (Y. Data collection technique for X1 is an interview with questionnaire instrument, while for the X2 and Y is using the test technique with test items instrument. The obtained data from the measurements were analyzed with descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. The results show that there is a positive relation between interest at Physics and knowledge of Mathematics basic concepts with students’ ability to solve Physics problems.

  8. 浅谈促进初中语文教师专业发展的有效教研%Effective Research on Promoting Professional Development of Chinese Teacher in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙永红

    2014-01-01

    With the development of society,in the form of educat ion has also been some changes,in the new curriculum driven,way past research activities have been difficult to meet the needs of the new curriculum teaching.This studies the actual situation of junior high school language teacher of teachers,and the professional development of teaching and research analyzed the situation,made a number of development strategies,hoping to better promote our junior high school language teaching and research conducted.%随着社会的发展,我国的教育形式也有了一定的变化,在新课改的推动下,以往的教研活动方式已经很难满足新课改教学的需要。主要研究了初中语文教师队伍的实际情况,并对其专业发展教研情况进行了分析,提出了一些发展策略,希望能够更好地推动我国初中语文教研的进行。

  9. Exploration on Effective Teaching Methods of Ideological and Moral Cultivation Course in Junior High Schools%初中思想品德课有效教学法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦树芬

    2014-01-01

    初中学生正处于青春期,思想品德课对于学生的德育的养成有着重要作用。提高初中思想品德课的教学有效性就要做到:立足教材,营造师生双方互动的课堂。以学生为中心,营造学生喜欢的课堂。以生活为模板,营造师生共乐的课堂。%Junior high school students are adolescents, so ideo-logical and moral cultivation course plays an important role in the development of their moral cultivation. To improve the effective-ness of ideological and moral cultivation teaching in junior high schools, a classroom with teacher-student interaction should be established based on the textbook;a classroom loved by students should be constructed centered by students;a classroom in which both the teacher and students are happy with life as the back-ground.

  10. An Application of Digital English Teaching in Junior High Schools Associated with Connectivism%基于关联主义的初中英语数字化教学应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晓波

    2015-01-01

    The connectivist theory is a new theory that comes from the information era based on nodes,connections and knowledge network.It serves as a guide for digital English teaching in accordance to the “Compulsory Education of English Curriculum Standards (2011 Edition)”.Through the digital teaching of Unit 5 English in the eighth grade in junior high school,this article proposed the use of the connectivist learning theory to guide junior high school teaching in four steps.Teaching efficiency is improved significantly after exploring with connectivism in English teaching.%产生于信息时代的基于节点、连接、知识网络的关联主义理论是一种新型的学习理论,用它指导英语数字化教学符合《义务教育英语课程标准(2011年版)》。通过对初中八年级英语第五单元的数字化教学进行案例概述,提出运用关联主义学习理论指导初中教学的四个步骤,对基于关联主义的英语教学进行了探索,教学效果明显提升。

  11. "A steep learning curve": junior doctor perspectives on the transition from medical student to the health-care workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturman, Nancy; Tan, Zachary; Turner, Jane

    2017-05-26

    The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition. Final-year University of Queensland medical students recruited junior doctors working in diverse hospital settings, and videorecorded individual semi-structured interviews about their transition from medical student to working as a junior doctor. Two clinical academics (NS and JT) and an intern (ZT) independently conducted a descriptive analysis of interview transcripts, and identified preliminary emerging concepts and themes, before reaching agreement by consensus on the major overarching themes. Three key themes emerged from the analysis of 15 interviews: internship as a "steep learning curve"; relationships and team; and seeking help. Participants described the intern transition as physically, mentally and emotionally exhausting. They learned to manage long days, administrative and clinical tasks, frequent interruptions and time pressures; identify priorities; deal with criticism without compromising key relationships; communicate succinctly; understand team roles (including their own status within hospital hierarchies); and negotiate conflict. Participants reported a drop in self-confidence, and difficulty maintaining self-care and social relationships. Although participants emphasised the importance of escalating concerns and seeking help to manage patients, they appeared more reluctant to seek help for personal issues and reported a number of barriers to doing so. Findings may assist educators in refining their intern preparation and intern

  12. Spread of Academic Success in a High School Social Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blansky, Deanna; Kavanaugh, Christina; Boothroyd, Cara; Benson, Brianna; Gallagher, Julie; Endress, John; Sayama, Hiroki

    2013-01-01

    Application of social network analysis to education has revealed how social network positions of K-12 students correlate with their behavior and academic achievements. However, no study has been conducted on how their social network influences their academic progress over time. Here we investigated correlations between high school students’ academic progress over one year and the social environment that surrounds them in their friendship network. We found that students whose friends’ average GPA (Grade Point Average) was greater (or less) than their own had a higher tendency toward increasing (or decreasing) their academic ranking over time, indicating social contagion of academic success taking place in their social network. PMID:23418483

  13. Spread of academic success in a high school social network.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deanna Blansky

    Full Text Available Application of social network analysis to education has revealed how social network positions of K-12 students correlate with their behavior and academic achievements. However, no study has been conducted on how their social network influences their academic progress over time. Here we investigated correlations between high school students' academic progress over one year and the social environment that surrounds them in their friendship network. We found that students whose friends' average GPA (Grade Point Average was greater (or less than their own had a higher tendency toward increasing (or decreasing their academic ranking over time, indicating social contagion of academic success taking place in their social network.

  14. The Influence of Social Networks on High School Students' Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Shanab, Emad; Al-Tarawneh, Heyam

    2015-01-01

    Social networks are becoming an integral part of people's lives. Students are spending much time on social media and are considered the largest category that uses such application. This study tries to explore the influence of social media use, and especially Facebook, on high school students' performance. The study used the GPA of students in four…

  15. The Influence of Social Networks on High School Students' Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Shanab, Emad; Al-Tarawneh, Heyam

    2015-01-01

    Social networks are becoming an integral part of people's lives. Students are spending much time on social media and are considered the largest category that uses such application. This study tries to explore the influence of social media use, and especially Facebook, on high school students' performance. The study used the GPA of students in four…

  16. Application of Thematic Teaching in Junior High School Mathematics%主题式教学在初中数学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东海

    2014-01-01

    在当今教育环境下,越来越多的人开始关注素质教育,并对于素质教育有了新的认识,尤其是在形式化主义严重的初中教学课堂中,主题式教学模式被引入到课堂之中,主题式教学更加关注教学实质,强调通过活跃的课堂氛围来提升教学效果,增加课堂中师生之间的沟通与交流,因此,众多学者开始探讨如何更好地将课堂内容与主题式教学模式进行融合,本文以初中数学课堂为例,探究如何更好地提高课堂效果。%In today's education environment, more and more people begin to pay attention to quality education to quality education, and a new understanding, especially in the formalism serious junior middle school teaching in the classroom, topic based teaching mode is introduced into the classroom, thematic teaching focus more on teaching material, the active classroom atmosphere to en-hance the teaching effect, increase communication and exchanges between teachers and students in the classroom, therefore, many scholars began to explore how to better the teaching contents and topic type teaching mode of fusion, the junior middle school mathematics classroom teaching as an example, to explore how to better improve the effect of classroom.

  17. 師生共構文化回應數學教學之個案研究 Co-construction of Culturally Responsive Mathematics Teaching: The Case Study of a Junior High School Class in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳玟樺 Wen-Hua Chen

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available 在多元文化教育潮流下,課室層級被期許能實踐文化回應教學,以促進整體學生的學習增能。本研究旨在探討現階段臺灣課程改革脈絡中,課室師生共同建構文化回應數學教學模式的歷程,採質性個案研究,以參與觀察、訪談、文件分析等方法進行資料蒐集,研究時間為二年。研究發現,師生在設定「邁向公平與正義」為課室專屬之「新」數學教學目標後,為實踐協助課室中新移民子女以「母文化」為橋梁來學習數學,嘗試以「文化差異」,如族群、語言、社會階級、生活經驗等不同文化脈絡與社會建構論為基礎,連結「批判識讀」於數學課程與教學的轉化處理,在協助新移民子女搭建學習鷹架的同時,泛漢族學生也同步展現了不同層次主體性。個案師生透過持續反思與實踐,逐步構築起課室文化 回應數學教學模式之雛形。With the trend on multicultural education, learners’ empowerment is expected to be promoted by culturally responsive teaching at the classroom level. This research focuses on the understanding of operating culturally responsive mathematics teaching in a multi-ethnic junior-high-school classroom in northern Taiwan. This two-year case study used multiple methods to collect research data, including participant observation, interviews and document analysis. The author links the research findings with the following questions. After setting “towards fairness and justice” for the classroom exclusive “new” mathematics teaching objectives, the teacher and students strived to support new immigrant children to learn mathematics using their “mother culture” as a bridge. All of them strived on the basis of “cultural differences” such as ethnicity, languages, social classes, life experiences under different cultural contexts and social constructivism with “critical literacy” to deal

  18. 初中生师生关系对学业成绩的影响研究%A Correlation Analysis of Teacher-Student Relationship and Academic Achievement in Junior High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝歌; 姜涛

    2009-01-01

    本研究采用自编问卷,选取384名初中生为被试,考察初中生师生关系的特点以及与学业成绩的关系.研究表明:(1)初中生师生关系主要表现为亲密性、依赖性、冲突性三个维度;(2)师生关系在冲突性上年级差异极其显著,在亲密性、依赖性上不显著;(3)师生关系与学业成绩为显著正相关,在冲突性方面差异显著,在亲密性、依赖性方面差异不显著.因此,建立良好的师生关系,有助于减少师生之间的冲突;建立相互尊重、相互信任的师生关系,有利于促进学生的学业成绩.%This resarch employed a self-questionnaire to test 384 junior high school students in order to investigate the characteristics of teacher-student relationship in junior high schools and its relationship with academic achievement. This research indicats: ( 1 ) teacher-student relationship in junior high schools mainly lies in three aspects: intimacy; dependence; conflict. (2) In different grades, the relationship between teachers and students is fairly notable in conflict, but not in intimacy and dependence. (3) Teacher-student relationship and academic achievement are closely related; the differences in conflict are significant, but those in intimacy and dependence are not. Therefore, establishing a good relationship with and students is helpful to reduce the conflict with them, and set up a good, mutually reliable relationship between teachers and students, is also lecpful to promote students' academic achievement.

  19. 初中生同伴冲突解决策略的结构及发展特点%Study on the Structure and Developmental Characteristics of the Peer-Conflict for the Junior High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文; 李利娜; 俞睿玮; 余坤珍

    2012-01-01

    To explore the structure and developmental characteristics of the peer-conflict for the freddie- school students, 360 students were tested by the questionnaire of junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies. The results showed that: junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies hadfive dimensions including active coping, compromise, competition, obedient, and avoiding; The ques- tionnaire had good reliability, validity and applicability; Overall, the developmental trend of the junior high school students' peer-conflict solving strategies with the growth of the grade was reverse "V", but each stage of the developmental speed was not equilibrium; The gender difference of the development of the middle-school students' peer-conflict solving strategies was insignificant, but on the two factors that was "positive responses" and "compromise", the boys' was significantly higher than girls'.%本研究采用自编初中生同伴冲突解决策略评定问卷,对大连市360名初中生施测,以考察初中生同伴冲突解决策略的结构及发展特点。结果表明:初中生同伴冲突解决策略包括积极应对、妥协、竞争、顺从、回避五个维度;自编问卷具有较好的信效度与适用性;总体上,初中生同伴冲突解决策略发展随年级的增长呈倒“V”趋势,但每个阶段的发展速度不均衡;初中生冲突解决策略发展总体性别差异不显著.但在“积极应对”和“妥协”两个因子上,男生显著高于女生。

  20. A Survey on Teachers’ View of Democratic Teaching-Taking Junior High School Teachers in H City as an Example%教师教学民主观调查*--以H市初中教师为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭丽华; 任仕君

    2016-01-01

    We did a survey on 280 junior high school teachers’ view of democratic teaching in H city .The conclusions of this survey are as follows:Junior high school teachers identify democratic teaching as “the core of democratic teaching is to respect students’ personality ,indi-viduality and differences .”Junior high school teachers believe that classroom teaching is the most important way to promote democratic teach-ing ,and the assignments and correction of homework is the least important .There are significant age differences on teachers ’ opinion about the importance of lesson preparation .There are significant differences among different subject teachers ’ opinion on the importance of the assign-ments and correction of homework .In order to build up correct view of democratic teaching ,we should ,based on age and subject differences , popularize and enrich teachers’ knowledge of democratic teaching ,examine democratic teaching from various aspects ,and promote democratic teaching mainly in classroom teaching .%对H市280名初中教师进行教学民主观问卷调查发现:初中教师最认同的教学民主观是“教学民主的核心是尊重学生的人格、个性、差异等”;初中教师认为课堂教学对推进教学民主最重要;不同年龄的教师对备课环节对于教学民主的重要性认知差异显著,不同任教科目的教师对作业布置与批改环节的重要性认知上差异显著。为树立正确的教学民主观,应该在充分考虑教师年龄、任教科目差异的基础上,普及教学民主知识、丰富教师对教学民主的认识,多角度审视教学民主,以课堂为主阵地推进教学民主。

  1. A Study of the Influencing Factors of English Extracurricular Reading for Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金盼

    2015-01-01

    Extracurricular reading as an extension of the junior middle school English teaching process,which can broaden the students’ horizons.In this dissertation,the influencing factors of the junior high school students’ extracurricular reading are described.According to these factors,corresponding improving measures are put forward to improve the level of learning English through English extracurricular reading.

  2. The elementary discussion on the context teaching in junior middle school English vocabulary teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李斯琦

    2016-01-01

    vocabulary is the basis of English learning, and it plays a very important role in junior middle school English teaching. The meaning of words often needs to be determined by the context. This paper introduces the context theory and analyzes the application of context in English Vo?cabulary Teaching of junior high school.

  3. Teaching Rapid and Slow Learners in High Schools: The Status of Adaptations in Junior, Senior, and Regular High Schools Enrolling More than 300 Pupils. Bulletin, 1954, No. 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewett, Arno; Hull, J. Dan; Brown, Kenneth E.; Cummings, Howard H.; Johnson, Philip G.; Laxson, Mary; Ludington, John R.; Mallory, Berenice; Segel, David

    1954-01-01

    This bulletin represents a cooperative effort of nine secondary school specialists in the Office of Education to picture the provisions used in large high schools to adapt teaching methods in different subjects for pupils who are not average. It is recognized that a pupil may be a rapid learner in one subject and a slow learner in another. Each of…

  4. Evaluating Junior Secondary Science Textbook Usage in Australian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Christine V.

    2016-08-01

    A large body of research has drawn attention to the importance of providing engaging learning experiences in junior secondary science classes, in an attempt to attract more students into post-compulsory science courses. The reality of time and resource constraints, and the high proportion of non-specialist science teachers teaching science, has resulted in an overreliance on more transmissive pedagogical tools, such as textbooks. This study sought to evaluate the usage of junior secondary science textbooks in Australian schools. Data were collected via surveys from 486 schools teaching junior secondary (years 7-10), representing all Australian states and territories. Results indicated that most Australian schools use a science textbook in the junior secondary years, and textbooks are used in the majority of science lessons. The most highly cited reason influencing choice of textbook was layout/colour/illustrations, and electronic technologies were found to be the dominant curricula material utilised, in addition to textbooks, in junior secondary science classes. Interestingly, the majority of respondents expressed high levels of satisfaction with their textbooks, although many were keen to stress the subsidiary role of textbooks in the classroom, emphasising the textbook was `one' component of their teaching repertoire. Importantly, respondents were also keen to stress the benefits of textbooks in supporting substitute teachers, beginning teachers, and non-specialist science teachers; in addition to facilitating continuity of programming and staff support in schools with high staff turnover. Implications from this study highlight the need for high quality textbooks to support teaching and learning in Australian junior secondary science classes.

  5. The Application of Inquiring Teaching to the Junior English Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHUI Xin-yue

    2014-01-01

    As a teaching method against the giving-and-accepting pattern, the inquiring teaching in junior high school pays more attention to learners’understanding, feeling and experience in the course and emphasizes the cooperation and communica-tion among students and teachers. In this paper, it explores the advantages of inquiring teaching, which cultivate students ’interest in learning and ability of analyses, induction and application, compared with the traditional teaching.Besides, some suggestions are provided in English teaching of Junior high school.

  6. Junior Professors Question Job Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lauren

    2007-01-01

    Female and minority faculty members rated their institutions less positively as places for junior professors to work than did their male and white counterparts, according to a new report. Young professors said institutional policies designed to help them succeed were important, but they were less satisfied that those policies were effective. Women…

  7. Investigation and analysis of the psychological impact of malocclusion on Junior high school students in Wuji-aqu city%五家渠市初中生牙齿审美对社会心理影响的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴秋瑾; 贾德蛟; 刘海霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查研究错牙合畸形对五家渠市初中生社会心理的影响。方法:对五家渠市390名汉族初中生,男193人,女197人,平均年龄14.08±0.84岁。进行牙科审美社会心理影响量表(PIDAQ中文版)问卷调查。按照错牙合畸形切牙分类法标准和个别正常牙合标准进行检查登记,分成5组:切牙I类组、切牙II1分类组、切牙II2分类组、切牙III类组和个别正常牙合组。采用Kruskal-Wallis H秩和检验进行数据分析。结果:在社会影响方面,除了切牙III类与个别正常牙合组得分有统计学差异外(P<0.0125),与其余3组比较均无统计学差异(P>0.0125),切牙III类组比个别正常牙合组得分高4分。在审美态度方面,除了切牙III类与切牙II1分类组得分无统计学差异外(P>0.0125),与其余3组比较均有统计学差异(P<0.0125),切牙III类组比切牙I类组高3分,比切牙II2分类组高2.5分,比个别正常牙合组高4分。在牙齿自信方面,除了切牙III类与个别正常牙合组得分有统计学差异外(P<0.0125),与其余3组比较均无统计学差异(P>0.0125),切牙III类组比个别正常牙合组得分低4分。结论:错牙合畸形对初中生社会心理存在一定的不良影响,特别是错牙合畸形加重了初中生的社会影响,降低了其牙齿自信,切牙II1分类和切牙III类加重了初中生的审美态度影响。鼓励患有错牙合畸形的初中生尽早进行正畸治疗,对可能出现的心理问题及时进行疏导和干预。%Objective:To investigate psychosocial impacts of malocclusion on junior high school students. Method:Nine classes were randomly sampled from the only two junior high schools in Wujiaqu city. There were 390 junior high school students(193 boys,197 girls). They are all Han people with mean age of 14.08±0.84 years,age range of 11.49~16.55 years. And they

  8. Value-meaning Barriers in Research Activity of Junior Scientists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabalovskaya M.V.

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Contents of value-meaning barriers are covered that acquire certain specifics in research activity and influence formation of meaning-forming research motivation of junior scientists. Such barriers were assumed to be conditioned by dissonance between dominating values and degree of their realization in junior researchers. Sample of respondents included 88 beginners: postgraduate students (n=65 and masters (n=23 of Tomsk high schools aged between 21 and 35 years. As research methods the expanded version of technique by M. Rokeach (proposed by M.S. Yanitsky and A.V. Seryy, methods of statistical analysis of results (frequency analysis, Mann-Whitney test were used. Relevant value orientations of junior scientists are presented. Gender differences in value-meaning domain are revealed. Differences in values in postgraduate students and masters were found. Dissonance in degree of fulfillment of terminal and instrumental values has been established that indicates disturbances of value-meaning domain of the personality of junior scientists. Results add to scientific ideas about value-meaning barriers in research activity of junior scientists.

  9. Perceived Injury Risk among Junior Cricketers: A Cross Sectional Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasanna J. Gamage

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Understanding how junior athletes perceive injury risks when participating in sport and the environment they play in is an important component of injury prevention. This study investigates how Sri Lankan junior cricketers (n = 365, aged 11–14 years, boys perceive injury risks associated with playing cricket. The study used a Sri Lankan modification of an Australian junior cricket injury risk perception survey that considered playing cricket versus other sports, different cricket playing positions and roles, and different ground conditions. The risk of playing cricket was considered to be greater than that for cycling, but lower than that for rugby and soccer. Fast-bowlers, batters facing fast-bowlers, fielding close in the field, and wicket-keeping without a helmet were perceived to pose greater risks of injury than other scenarios. Playing on hard, bumpy and/or wet ground conditions were perceived to have a high risk opposed to playing on a grass field. Fielding in the outfield and wicket-keeping to fast-bowlers whilst wearing a helmet were perceived as low risk actions. The risk perceptions of junior cricketers identified in this study, do not necessarily reflect the true injury risk in some instances. This information will inform the development of injury prevention education interventions to address these risk perceptions in junior cricketers.

  10. Investigation and Analysis of Depressive Symptoms of Track and Field Athletes in junior High School%初中田径运动员抑郁症状的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳永梅

    2014-01-01

    Purpose ]: to explore the depressive symptom of track and field athletes in junior middle school and the effects of different factors on depression detection.[ Method]: use Beck Depression In-ventory for the investigation and SPSS19.0 for data processing.[ Result]:the detection rate of depression is 30.84%, much higher than the predicated value, and the value of women is higher than that of men;the second grade in junior middle school is the high-incidence period of depression, and the detection rates of middle/long-distance race and walking race are higher than those of other race items;the length of training and the expectation to win and scores both have negative correlations with depression detec-tion.[ Suggestion]:related departments should pay attention to the mental health of track and field ath-letes of junior middle school, and especially should pay high attention to the second grade;besides, the mental communication with students should be strengthened, and the basic mental training should also be strengthened by using various training methods and changing training environment and conditions continu-ously to develop students'desire for win.%目的:探讨初中田径运动员抑郁症状及不同因素对抑郁检出的影响。方法:采用贝克抑郁量表进行调查,数据处理采用SPSS19.0。结果:抑郁的检出率30.84%,远远高于预测值,且女性大于男性;初二年级是抑郁的高发期,中长跑与竞走项目检出率高于其他项目,训练年限、期待取胜得分与抑郁检出呈负相关。建议:初中田径运动员的心理保健工作应当引起有关部门的重视,尤其应当高度关注初二年级;在平时生活训练中,要加强与学生的心理沟通,采用多种训练方法及不断变换训练环境与条件,同时加强基础心理训练,时时培养对胜利的渴望。

  11. 城市初中学生校园欺负卷入问题的现况调查及分析*%Prevalence Survey about Campus Bully Involving in Urban Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔雨佳; 王峰光; 安洪庆; 曹海霞

    2013-01-01

      为了解某市初中学生校园欺负卷入的流行情况,采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,从某市初一、初二、初三抽取634名初中学生,应用Olwues学生欺负/受欺负问卷(初中版)进行调查.结果表明:受欺负者占13.9%,欺负者占2.3%,欺负/受欺负者占1.2%;学生欺负/受欺负的比例随年龄的增长而下降,欺负者虽然下降,但相对比较稳定;欺负行为在性别之间存在显著差异;3种欺负形式中,言语欺负的比例最高.由此得出结论:某市初中学生在一定程度上存在校园欺负卷入情况,大部分学生缺乏正确的认识和应对措施,社会、学校、家庭要重视校园欺负的现象,并采取积极有效的干预.%Abstract Objective: Know the epidemic of campus bully involving in junior high school in a city. Method: use stratified and cluster random sampling method, sample 634 students from junior high school in a city, with a questionnaire named bully involved of junior students designed by Olwues. Result:victims, bullying and bullying involving take place 13.9%, 2.3% and 1.2% respectively. The incidence of students involved in bully decreasing with the increasing of age, and bullying represent a little decrease and relatively stable. There is a significant of gender in bully. The proportion of direct verbal bullying is the highest among three bullying types. Conclusion: The situation that students involved in campus bullying exists in some extent in this city. Most students do not have proper acquaintance of bully and deal with this situation. Thus the whole society, school and family should focus on this situation and take active and effective intervention to deal with it.

  12. Social and moral maturity of high-school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Gasar

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The level of social and moral maturity of high-school students was examined. There were almost no significant differences between the students of two different educational programs. In general, the students' level of social and moral maturity is satisfyingly high, but their social skills are not quite appropriately developed. The results of behaviour in school situations reveal a quite unpleasant picture of interpersonal relations, which is probably a reflection of social relations in society. The absence of correlations between both components of maturity and social skills shows the gap between human's reasoning and behaviour. Students know, which behaviour is moral and socially adapted, but they do not always act in congruence with that, because existing social relations often encourage different behaviour.

  13. The effects of modified exponential tapering technique on perceived exertion, heart rate, time trial performance, VO2max and power output among highly trained junior cyclists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishak, Asmadi; Hashim, Hairul A; Krasilshchikov, Oleksandr

    2016-09-01

    The present study investigated the effects of a 2-week modified exponential taper on physiological adaptation and time trial performance among junior cyclists. Participants (N.=27) with the mean age of 16.95±0.8 years, height of 165.6±6.1 cm and weight of 54.19±8.1 kg were matched into either modified exponential taper (N.=7), normal exponential taper (N.=7), or control (N.=7) groups using their initial VO2max values. Both experimental groups followed a 12-week progressive endurance training program and subsequently, a 2-week tapering phase. A simulated 20-km time trial performance along with VO2max, power output, heart rate and rating of perceived exertion were measured at baseline, pre and post-taper. One way ANOVA was used to analyze the difference between groups before the start of the intervention while mixed factorial ANOVA was used to analyze the difference between groups across measurement sessions. When homogeneity assumption was violated, the Greenhouse-Geisser Value was used for the corrected values of the degrees of freedom for the within subject factor the analysis. Significant interactions between experimental groups and testing sessions were found in VO2max (F=6.67, df=4, P<0.05), power output (F=5.02, df=4, P<0.05), heart rate (F=10.87, df=2.51, P<0.05) rating of perceived exertion (F=13.04, df=4, P<0.05) and 20KM time trial (F=4.64, df=2.63, P<0.05). Post-hoc analysis revealed that both types of taper exhibited positive effects compared to the non-taper condition in the measured performance markers at post-taper while no different were found between the two taper groups. It was concluded that both taper protocols successfully inducing physiological adaptations among the junior cyclists by reducing the volume and maintaining the intensity of training.

  14. 初中数学教师数学理论素养的养成%The Cultivation of Theoretical Attainment of Mathematics of Junior High School Mathematics Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭艳贵; 徐伟

    2013-01-01

    Theoretical attainment in secondary schools is divided into three aspects of literacy,that is,modern mathematical literacy,mathematics thinking method and cultural attainment of mathematicsThis paper discusses the cultivation of theoretical attainment of mathematics of junior high school mathematics teachers from these three aspects.%把初中数学教师的理论素养分为近现代数学理论素养、数学思想方法素养和数学文化素养三个方面,并从这三个方面讨论了初中数学教师的数学理论素养的养成。

  15. The Reflection on the Application of Multimedia in Junior High School English Teaching%多媒体应用在初中英语教学中的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金惠芳

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes two problems after introducing multimedia in junior high school English classroom teaching in remote western areas, namely the usage of multimedia tends to formalization and unreasonable time distribution in multimedia classroom teaching, and raises corresponding countermeasures%本文分析了在多媒体引入西部偏远地区初中英语课堂教学之后产生的两个问题,即对多媒体使用偏向形式化和在多媒体课堂教学中的时间分配不合理,并提出了相应的对策。

  16. 农村留守初中生人格、自我效能与心理健康关系%Relationship among personality, self-efficacy and mental health in left-behind junior high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小先

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship among personality, self-efficacy and mental health in left-behind junior high school students. Methods Totally 459 left-behind and 241 non left-behind junior high school students were investigated with the Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Mental Health Test. Results The incidence rate of mental disorders was 1.1% in the left-behind junior high school students. The top three mental problems were terror tendency (29. 0% ) , self reproach (28. 1% ) and physical symptoms (21. 4% ). Significant gender differences were found in physical symptom (6. 02 ± 2. 59 for boys, 6. 68 ± 2. 54 for girls) , terror tendency (3. 28 ±2. 50 for boys, 4. 70 ±2.60 for girls),and the total score of mental problems (41. 95 ± 11.65 for boys, 44. 73 ±11. 32 for girls) among the left-behind students (all P < 0. 01). Self-efficacy had negative function ( adjusted R2 =0.045) in predicting the mental problem among the left-behind students. Neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness could be used to predict mental problems (adjusted R2 = 0. 235). Conclusion Besides shaping positive personality , the training of self-efficacy can improve mental health status among the left-behind junior high school students.%目的 了解农村留守初中生人格、自我效能、心理健康状况及三者之间的关系.方法 采用青少年小五人格问卷、心理健康诊断测验量表和一般自我效能感量表对留守(459人)和非留守初中生(241人)进行问卷调查.结果 留守初中生严重心理问题5人,检出率为1.1%,在不同方面存在轻微或中等程度心理问题人数较多的是恐怖倾向、自责倾向及身体症状,分别为133、129、98人,检出率分别为29.0%、28.1%、21.4%;女生身体症状、恐怖倾向、总焦虑倾向分别为(6.68±2.54)、(4.70±2.60)、(44.73 ± 11.32)分,男生分别为(6.02±2.59)、(3.28±2.50)、(41.95±11.65)分,女生均高于

  17. 提升初中语文教师课堂管理技能的策略思考%Reflection on Strategies for Improving Junior High School Chinese Teachers' Classroom Management Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海娟

    2012-01-01

    新课程对初中语文课堂教学管理提出了全新的要求。本文结合语文教学实际全面阐述了提高语文教师课堂管理技能的基本策略,以期为语文教师和教学管理工作者提供一些参考。%New curriculum puts forward new requirements for junior high school Chinese classroom teaching management. This paper fully expounds some basic strategies for improving Chinese teachers' classroom management skills based on Chinese teaching reality, hoping to supply some help for Chinese teachers and teaching managers.

  18. 基于建构主义理论指导下的初中化学课堂教学%Junior High School Chemistry Classroom Teaching in Light of Constructivism Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐颖武

    2011-01-01

    According to constructivism theory and requirements of new curriculum standards, and based on the reality of chemistry teaching, this paper discusses junior high school chemistry teaching in light of eonstructivism theory from aspects like teaching object%本文依据建构主义理论和新课程标准的要求,结合化学教学的实际,从教学目标、教学过程、教学环境、教学评价四个方面讨论和研究了基于建构主义理论指导下的初中化学教学。

  19. 初中语文教学中发展学生创造思维能力浅探%Development of Students' Creative Thinking Ability in Junior High School Chinese Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒悦红

    2014-01-01

    创造思维能力是学生思维能力中最重要和最高级的能力,本文拟从初中语文教学中课堂情境的创设、语文课外活动的开展、学生思维方式的训练三个方面谈谈如何发展学生的创造思维能力。%Creative thinking ability is the most important and the most advanced capabilities of students' thinking ability, this paper from a junior high school language teaching in the classroom context creation, to carry out language extracurricular activities, training of students to talk about three aspects of the way of thinking of how to develop students' creative thinking capacity.

  20. 「國中校長多元型模領導力量表」的編製及分析 The Development of a Multi-frame Leadership Scale for Junior High Principals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃文三 Wen-San Huang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available 本研究依據L. G. Bolman和T. E. Deal 的理論,並參酌國情,建構一份創新且具有信度與效度的「國中校長多元型模領導力量表」,再分析國中校長多元型模領導力的現況。研究採用分層隨機抽樣,第一階段取樣 132 位教師進行項目分析、探索性因素分析與信度分析,第二階段取樣 646 位教師,並隨機分成兩組獨立樣本,分別進行驗證性因素分析與簡效模式的複核效化;最後,根據調查結果進行現況分析及討論。所得結論包括:一、國中校長多元型模領導力可分為教學領導、象徵領導、政治領導及結構領導等四個構面;二、二階單因素模式為一最簡效模式,量表同時具有良好的穩定度及預測力;三、國中校長多元型模領導力現況大致良好,且不論何種型模的領導力,各校校長自評程度總是優於教師評量程度,但兩者呈現正相關。根據研究結果,提出建議供國中校長、教師及未來研究參考。 The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of junior high school principals’ multi-frame leadership and to construct an innovative, reliable, and valid scale according to Bolman and Deal’s theory and national conditions. The scale is named the “Junior High Principal Multiframe Leadership Scale”. Through stratified random sampling, 132 teachers were examined using item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and reliability analysis. A target sample of 646 teachers was then randomly divided into two groups to perform confirmatory factor analysis and cross-validation. A situational analysis of the survey results was conducted. The major findings and conclusions are as follows: Junior high principals’ multi-frame leadership can be divided into four aspects, comprising instructional leadership, symbolic leadership, political leadership, and structural leadership; a second-order factor model is

  1. Student Disengagement and the Socialization Styles of High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellerin, Lisa Anne

    2005-01-01

    This paper advances a cross-contextual understanding of authoritative socialization, a concept developed by family researchers. Using data from the High School Effectiveness Study, I use multilevel modeling to test the effect of high school socialization style on student disengagement from 10th to 12th grades, controlling for both the…

  2. Social Representations and Social Identity in Swedish Folk High Schools: an application of Duveen and Lloyd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersen, A.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article extends Duveen’s work on social representations and social gender identity by discussing how it can be applied to the context of Swedish folk high school participants’ social representations of folk high school and university, then examines the influence of these representations on participants’ desires and ambitions to progress to university. Adopting Duveen’s framework to analyze several previous data regarding folk high schools (i.e., a document study of folk high school teachers’ magazines, an association study on folk high school participants, and interviews with folk high school participants, I seek to illustrate in this article how most premises concerning the formation of children’s social identity (as described by Duveen also hold for adults entering a new social context.

  3. Personality characteristic and personal social attributes of junior middle school students of violent online games addictive disorder%暴力网络游戏成瘾初中生人格特点及其社会属性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董颖; 吴新玲; 朱程清; 孙月吉; 林媛; 阎楠; 王娜; 徐福山; 郑亚; 李娜; 王昭

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨网络暴力游戏成瘾初中生人格特点及其社会属性.方法 于2008年8~12月整群随机抽取大连8所初中生6000人,采用自制网络游戏调查表和陈氏网络成瘾量表(CLAS)筛查网络游戏成瘾者,同时采用网络成瘾诊断标准对阳性者进行复核确认,筛出149名(2.5%)网络游戏成瘾者,按性别和年龄被分成两组,即暴力游戏和娱乐游戏成瘾两组,(各组66名,男性55名,女性11名),平均年龄(14.36±0.81)岁;按性别和年龄匹配,抽出66名不玩游戏初中生作对照.采用艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)、MMPI-AF评估成瘾青少年人格特质及人格社会属性.结果 三组初中生在精神病质和神经质方面差异显著(P<0.05),网络暴力游戏成瘾初中生组的精神病质[(50.60±5.10)分;(50.40±6.30)分;(46.81±4.62)分;F=10.32,P=0.000]和神经质都高于娱乐游戏成瘾和非游戏组[(51.74±5.70)分;(49.03±6.85)分;(4 9.25±6.09)分,F=3.83,P=0.023];外显焦虑[(55.29±9.58)分;(45.11±8.31)分;(43.24±8.32)分]、依赖性[(58.90±9.09)分;(55.97±8.63)分;(54.05±11.39)分]、社会责任感[(37.47±12.4I)分;(43.25±11.24)分;(46.34±14.37)分]在三组之间差异显著(F1-3=36.17,4.11,8.23;P<0.05);外显焦虑和依赖性在暴力成瘾组显著高于娱乐成瘾组(P<0.05),社会责任感分值在暴力游戏成瘾组显著低于不玩游戏组(P<0.05).结论 暴力游戏成瘾的初中生具有精神病质和神经质的人格特质;暴力网络游戏成瘾组的外显焦虑和依赖性强,而责任感差.%Objective To discuss the personality characteristic and personal social attributes of junior middle school students of online violent games addictive disorder (VOGAD).Methods From August to December at 2008,6000 students were randomly drown from 8 junior middle schools in Dalian ,then they were investigated with the self-made internet game survey form and the Chen internet addiction scale (CLAS).149( 2.5% ) internet game addicts were

  4. A Research on Peer Assessment in English Writing Instruction of Junior High Schools%初中英语写作教学中同伴评价情况的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利琴

    2012-01-01

    This paper intends to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of peer assessment in an EFL (English as a foreign language) to writing course of a junior high school. Such methods as questionnaires, interview-s, data analyses and comparison are used. The study reveals that the students generally hold a positive attitude towards peer assessment. Findings also show that peer assessment couhl better the writing ability of the students at different levels. Peer assessment is a demanding and time-consuming part in a writing task; however, if planned and implemented properly, peer assessment can serve as an effective alternative assessing method in the EFL writing instruction in junior high schools.%本研究运用调查问巷、个人访谈、分析对比等方法,探讨同伴评价在初中英语写作教学中的可行性和有效性。研究结果表明:大多数初中生对同件评价持赞成态度,总体上同伴评价能够促进初中生英语写作水平的提高。同伴评价的过程虽然费时费力,但只要设计合理、操作严谨,同伴评价可以作为一种有效的评价方式广泛地运用于初中英语写作教学的过程之中。

  5. Study foreign language teaching and research press junior high school English teaching material from the view of content%从内容方面对外研社初中英语教材研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施立沛

    2016-01-01

    本文利用文本分析的方式,旨在考察2005年初审通过的外研社《英语》(新标准)初中教材的教育理念,通过对六册教材的细致分析发现:该系列教材教学内容丰富,主要体现了生活领域和文化科学领域倾向,并且倡导学生热爱生活、努力学习科学文化知识同时树立正确的人生观价值观。本研究旨在探讨这套教材的内容,使教师能更好地选择和使用这套教材,以期对初中英语课程改革提供参考。%The paper uses text analysis to examine education concept of the 2005 FLTRP"English"(new standard) junior high school textbooks, through the detailed analysis of the six textbooks: the content of the teaching materials are rich, mainly embodies the life and cultural and scientific fields, encourage students to love life, to learn scientific and cultural knowledge and establish a correct outlook on life and values. The purpose of this study is to explore the contents of this set of textbooks, so that teachers can better choose and use this set of teaching materials, in order to provide a reference for junior high school English curriculum reform.

  6. 提高初中思想品德教学实效性的有效策略%Effective Strategies of Improving the Effectiveness of Ju-nior High School Ideological and Moral Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈远生

    2014-01-01

    Junior high school students are adolescents with strong rebellious mood, and their cognitive ability is not perfect, so they are prone to be influenced by external factors, doing some unrea-sonable things in daily life, therefore, it is of great significance to strengthen the effectiveness of their ideological and moral educa-tion. Ideological and moral education course can help them es-tablish correct outlooks on life and values, and it plays an impor-tant role in students' comprehensive development, so junior high school administrators should adopt rational strategies to feasibly improve the effectiveness of ideological and moral teaching, so as to promote students' healthy physical and psychological develop-ment.%初中学生正处于青春期,叛逆心比较强,对事物的认知能力不健全,很容易受外在因素的影响,在日常生活中做出一些不理智的行为,因此,加强对初中学生思想品德的有效教育有十分重要的意义。思想品德课程能帮助初中学生树立正确的人生观、价值观,对学生的全面发展有很大的作用,学校要采取合理的策略,有效提高初中思想品德教学的实效性,从而促进学生身心健康发展。

  7. Basic life support knowledge, self-reported skills and fears in Danish high school students and effect of a single 45-min training session run by junior doctors; a prospective cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Early recognition and immediate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation are critical determinants of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to evaluate current knowledge on basic life support (BLS) in Danish high school students and benefits of a single training session run by junior doctors. Methods Six-hundred-fifty-one students were included. They underwent one 45-minute BLS training session including theoretical aspects and hands-on training with mannequins. The students completed a baseline questionnaire before the training session and a follow-up questionnaire one week later. The questionnaire consisted of an eight item multiple-choice test on BLS knowledge, a four-level evaluation of self-assessed BLS skills and evaluation of fear based on a qualitative description and visual analog scale from 0 to 10 for being first responder. Results Sixty-three percent of the students (413/651) had participated in prior BLS training. Only 28% (179/651) knew how to correctly recognize normal breathing. The majority was afraid of exacerbating the condition or causing death by intervening as first responder. The response rate at follow-up was 61% (399/651). There was a significant improvement in correct answers on the multiple-choice test (p first responder was decreased 6.8 ± 2.2 to 5.5 ± 2.4 (p < .001). Conclusion Knowledge of key areas of BLS is poor among high school students. One hands-on training session run by junior doctors seems to be efficient to empower the students to be first responders to OHCA. PMID:24731392

  8. 國中教師以學習共同體啟動新學習型態之研究 Adopting a Learning Community in a Junior High School under the 12-Year Basic Education System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    薛雅慈(曉華) Ya-Ci (Hsiao-Hua Selena Hsueh

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available 近來,佐藤學「學習共同體」的課堂改革論述,在許多亞洲國家(如日本、韓國、中國大陸)掀起了學習革命。而臺灣正因應十二年國民基本教育,學校現場展開了課程教學轉化的實踐。若干縣市已啟動學習共同體的教育政策,鼓勵學校因應十二年國民基本教育啟動教室中的學習革命,為下一代學習開展了轉化的新契機。本研究首先闡述佐藤學「學習共同體」在課堂教學與學習的重要論述;其次探討過去國中生長久以來在升學競爭下形成的被動學習與逃離學習的現象;最後採質性研究的方式,以任教於不同國中的五科專任教師(國文、英文、數學、自然、社會)為訪談對象,探究其以學習共同體啟動課程教學革新的經驗。研究者由訪談結果發現了其教學方式的改變,這些教師也看到了學生學習的改變。本研究的重要發現有六: 一、當前國中教師是以較綜合多元的方式推動課堂學習共同體。 二、以佐藤學的學習三部曲而言,當前國中教師實踐較多的是「協同學習」。 三、當前國中教師的「協同學習」方式,較傾向以「合作學習」的小組討論與表達,而非佐藤學的聆聽、串聯與回歸。 四、對國中生而言,學習共同體帶來最大的改變是學習動機的提升及群性的陶冶。 五、學業低成就學生因學習共同體的啟動不再當教室中的客人。 六、教師因學習共同體而活化自身的教學,也看到課堂風氣的正向改變。 The 12-Year Basic Education policy in Taiwan was unveiled in 2014. Because of the forthcoming implementation of the new policy and the increasingly high ratio of open enrollment, test-oriented teaching is no longer considered to be the primary goal for junior high schools and, therefore, the curriculum must be revised considerably. The government proposed the practice

  9. 浅谈如何构建初中生物高效课堂%Discussion on How to Construct Effective Class in Junior High School Biology Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱应明

    2016-01-01

    所谓生物高效课堂,是指在一堂课上使教学目标达到最优化的同时,使学生的各种能力都得到发展的课堂。它的核心实质是用最短的时间获得最大的效率,一切以发展学生能力为中心,以快乐高效学习为根本,努力提高学生学习生物学的兴趣,让学生爱学、会学。笔者就如何构建初中生物高效课堂展开阐述。%The effective Biology class refers to the class in which attains the teaching goal and develop students' abil-ity at the same time. Its core essence is to get the maximum efficiency with the shortest time. Effective class teaching should put the development of students' capacity as the center, make happy learning as the foundation, improve the stu-dents' learning interest of Biology, and let students love to learn. In this paper, the author discusses on how to construct efficient Junior Middle School Biology class.

  10. How to Improve the Efficiency of Junior High School Mathematics Teaching%如何有效提高初中数学教学效率

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘湘乐

    2014-01-01

    The core of the new curriculum reform is centred on students, the purpose is a good foundation for lifelong learning and sustain-able development of students ,to promote students comprehensive, personality development. Therefore,the teachers should earnestly implementthe concept of new course standard, design innovative teaching, to improve the effect of classroom teaching.In this paper,from the grasp ofthe teaching focus, contact life creating problems, the development of students’ reading ability, to explore the strategy that improve the teaching effect of ju-nior middle school mathematics.%新课程改革围绕的核心是学生,目的是为学生的终身学习与可持续发展打下良好的基础,促进学生全面、个性地发展。为此,教师要认真落实新课程标准理念,创新设计教学,提高课堂教学效果。从把握教学重点、联系生活创设问题、发展学生阅读能力等方面,对提高初中数学教学效果的策略进行了研究。

  11. Exploring the Teaching Mode of Mathematics Experiment in Junior High School%初中数学实验教学模式的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解绍群

    2014-01-01

    Mathematics experiment teaching through the creation of the problem situation,guide the students to practice,self exploration, cooperative learning,let students experience observation,experiment,speculation,calculation,reasoning,verification activities and so on,Culti-vate students’ability of using mathematical knowledge to solve practical problems.Combined with my own teaching practice,talking about a few views of the junior middle school mathematics experiment teaching mode.%数学实验教学通过创设问题情境,引导学生动手实践、自主探索、合作交流,让学生经历观察、实验、猜测、计算、推理、验证等活动过程,培养了学生运用数学知识解决实际问题的能力。结合教学实践,谈谈对初中数学实验教学模式的一些看法。

  12. Explore Improving the Effectiveness of Junior High School Chinese Language Reading Teaching%探究提高初中语文阅读教学的有效性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马栢胜

    2014-01-01

    Chinese language teaching is important content in junior teaching, and other subjects of study for students with in-depth applications. Chinese language teaching reading as important and difficult work has long been of concern to educators. Language examination process, read the questions are the focus of study in which the content, the higher the modern culture, an-cient poetry and other reading gravity, and stud ents also have a certain degree of difficulty. Teaching teachers to carry out the work must focus on the teaching of reading and difficult to resolve, to ensure that the effect of exercise teaching. Read this article to improve the junior high school language teaching effectiveness related issues are analyzed and discussed.%语文教学工作是初中阶段教学工作的重要内容,并且对于学生其他科目的学习有着深入的应用。语文阅读教学作为语文教学工作中的重点和难点,长期以来一直受到教育工作者所关注。语文考试过程中,阅读题目是其中的重点考查内容,现代文、古诗词等阅读比重较高,并且学生的学习也具有一定的难度。教师在开展教学工作中必须就阅读教学中的重点和难点进行解决,保证运动教学的效果。本文对于提高初中语文阅读教学有效性的相关问题进行了分析和探讨。

  13. Student Characteristics and Change at Napa Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMillan, Thomas F.

    At Napa Junior College (California), to test the relationship between college attendance and personality change, 100 volunteers were measured in their first year by the STEP Reading Exam and the ACE Psychological Exam. California Psychological Inventory (CPI) showed a significant range in personality traits from high to low ability students. The…

  14. Teachers and Tea-Fetchers – What the Future Holds for Japan's Junior College Graduates: Female student perceptions of the status, purpose, and value of a Junior College education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WALKER, Patricia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout Japan, enrolments in junior colleges, previously the higher education destination of choice for nearly 500 000 women a year at their peak in 1990, has plummeted recently to half that number. It is therefore of interest to investigate the quality of experience and post-graduation aspirations of the decreasing numbers of women who have elected to take up the short- term route. This study investigates the mission of the junior college in the 21st century, the quality and status of the courses, the extent to which they prepare women for their career goals, and the value of the exit qualification in the employment market. In an intensive period of fieldwork in a small college on the Tokyo/Yokohama borders in the summer of 2005 the views of students and their tutors were elicited. It was found that, on the whole, high numbers of women were resigned to the gendered roles for which they have been socialized throughout their life course but that a growing minority were resolved to use their junior college degree to open up possibilities for further study and enter an arena where their economic outcomes could be expanded.

  15. Social Representations of High School Students about Mathematics Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Sierra, Gustavo; Valle-Zequeida, María E.; Miranda-Tirado, Marisa; Dolores-Flores, Crisólogo

    2016-01-01

    The perceptions of students about assessment in mathematics classes have been sparsely investigated. In order to fill this gap, this qualitative study aims to identify the social "representations" (understood as the system of values, ideas, and practices about a social object) of high school students regarding "assessment in…

  16. Dynamic Social Networks in High Performance Football Coaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occhino, Joseph; Mallett, Cliff; Rynne, Steven

    2013-01-01

    Background: Sports coaching is largely a social activity where engagement with athletes and support staff can enhance the experiences for all involved. This paper examines how high performance football coaches develop knowledge through their interactions with others within a social learning theory framework. Purpose: The key purpose of this study…

  17. The Social Experiences of High School Students with Visual Impairments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jessup, Glenda; Bundy, Anita C.; Broom, Alex; Hancock, Nicola

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: This study explores the social experiences in high school of students with visual impairments. Methods: Experience sampling methodology was used to examine (a) how socially included students with visual impairments feel, (b) the internal qualities of their activities, and (c) the factors that influence a sense of inclusion. Twelve…

  18. Dynamic Social Networks in High Performance Football Coaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occhino, Joseph; Mallett, Cliff; Rynne, Steven

    2013-01-01

    Background: Sports coaching is largely a social activity where engagement with athletes and support staff can enhance the experiences for all involved. This paper examines how high performance football coaches develop knowledge through their interactions with others within a social learning theory framework. Purpose: The key purpose of this study…

  19. Differentiating High-Functioning Autism and Social Phobia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Katherine E.; Cruess, Dean G.

    2012-01-01

    Both high-functioning autism (HFA) and social phobia (SP) involve profound social interaction deficits. Although these disorders share some similar symptoms, they are conceptualized as distinct. Because both HFA and SP are defined behaviorally, the degree of overlap between the two disorders may result in misinterpretation of symptoms. However,…

  20. High Magnitude of Social Anxiety Disorder in School Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kindie Mekuria

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Social phobia is the most prevalent and chronic type of anxiety disorder worldwide and it affects occupational, educational, and social affairs of the individual. Social phobia is also known for its association with depression and substance use disorder. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of social phobia among high school students in Ethiopia. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 386 randomly selected students. Data were collected using pretested and self-administered questionnaire. Social phobia was assessed by using Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN. Logistic regression was used to analyze the data with 95% confidence interval and variables with p value less than 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results. From 386 study participants, 106 (27.5% of them were positive for social phobia. Being female (AOR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.82–5.27, current alcohol drinking (AOR = 1.75; 95% CI: 1.03–2.98, poor social support (AOR = 2.40; 95% CI: 1.17–4.92, and living with single parent (AOR = 5.72; 95% CI: 2.98–10.99 were significantly associated with social phobia. Conclusion. The proportion of social phobia was higher compared to previous evidences. School-based youth-friendly mental health services might be helpful to tackle this problem.