WorldWideScience

Sample records for junior college freshmen

  1. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  2. Facebook Use and Engagement of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkart, Edith Jenae

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of intensity of Facebook use and compare the effects of Facebook use with retention program participation on the engagement of college freshmen. The sample consisted of 141 freshmen at the University of West Florida (UWF). The participants were surveyed using questions from the National…

  3. Investigation on Professional Cognition of Freshmen from Clinical Medical Specialty of Junior College%临床医学专业专科新生专业认知调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建立; 孟羽俊; 张丽丽

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解临床医学专业专科新生专业认知水平及其影响因素,为有针对性地开展专业认知教育提供思路和方法.方法 问卷调查2009级449名新入学的临床医学专业学生的一般情况、父母职业、生源地和临床医学专业相关的基本知识知晓情况,应用SPSS 16.0统计软件进行数据分析.结果 84.63%新生知道医生的基本素质、67.48%知道医学的目的、40.31%知道基层卫生服务趋势、40.09%知道高职与普通高教区别、37.42%知道医学的学习方法、32.29%知道医学模式与学科分类、新医改及全科医学的含义知晓率仅为21.16%和2.67%;其认知程度受父母职业及生源地影响(P<0.05),与性别、年龄没有明显关系(P>0.05).结论 临床医学专业新生专业认知度较低,有必要对临床医学专业新生进行专业认知教育,引导学生进行专业相关知识社会实践调查和参与卫生公益活动可能是提高学生专业认知的有效措施.%Objective To understand professional cognitive level of freshmen from clinical medicine specialty and its influencing factors,and provide new ideas and method on developing education of the professional cognition. Methods A questionnaire survey was performed among 449 freshmen from clinical medical specialty of junior college in 2009 about their common information, occupation of their parents and clinical medicine professional basic knowledge. The data was analyzed with SPS316.0. Results The ratios of the freshmen knowing the basic quality of the doctor, the medical purpose,the trend of primary health services, the difference of between vocational and general higher education, medical learning methods, medical model and classification, the meanings of the new medical reform and general medicine were 84. 63% ,67, 48%,40. 31%,40. 09% ,37. 42% , 32.29% ,2.67% and 21.16% ,respectively,and the cognitive abilities of the freshmen concerned with their parental

  4. Drinking to Get Drunk among Incoming Freshmen College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Novik, Melinda G.; Bush, Elizabeth N.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The consumption of alcohol is ubiquitous on many college and university campuses. For some freshmen students, drinking may even be considered a "right of passage." Purpose: This study examined college freshmen who intentionally drink alcohol to get drunk (DTGD). Methods: Survey data from 307 incoming freshmen college students living in…

  5. Previously Homeschooled College Freshmen: Their First Year Experiences and Persistence Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Mary K.

    2010-01-01

    Utilizing survey research on the entire 2004-2005 freshmen class of a private, interdenominational Christian college (n = 261), this study examined the social experiences and persistence rates of college freshmen who were homeschooled prior to attending higher education, and compared this group to college freshmen who were educated in a classroom…

  6. Follow Up Study of Group Counseling with Underachieving College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valine, Warren J.

    The purpose of this study was to report long-range effects of group counseling and the college growth experience of students who were identified as underachievers and were enrolled as freshmen during the fall of 1969. Five variables were selected for this study as having possible influence on self-concept: (1) group, (2) education, (3) status, (4)…

  7. Montgomery Community College Profile of Entering Freshmen, Fall 1971.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L., Comp.

    This is a profile of 2,578 freshmen students at Montgomery College (Maryland), fall 1971. Data are presented in the following areas: (1) academic potentials, including ACT scores and high school grades; (2) goals and aspirations; (3) student personnel needs in the areas of housing, transportation, financial welfare, special programs, and…

  8. Teaching History in the Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    1989-01-01

    Recommends techniques for teaching history in the junior college. Discusses subject matter to be taught, the psychology of learning, and the philosophy of teaching history. Addresses the special needs of the junior college classroom. Outlines criteria to be followed in teaching history. (RW)

  9. A DESCRIPTION OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN--I. STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT CHOICES OF MAJOR FIELD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABE, CLIFFORD; HOLLAND, JOHN L.

    COLLEGE FRESHMEN PLANNING TO MAJOR IN DIFFERENT FIELDS OF STUDY ARE DESCRIBED. THE SAMPLE STUDIED INCLUDED 12,432 COLLEGE FRESHMEN ENROLLED IN 31 INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION DURING APRIL AND MAY 1964. THE AMERICAN COLLEGE SURVEY WAS USED TO ASSESS STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS. INCLUDED IN THIS SURVEY IS THE VOCATIONAL PREFERENCE INVENTORY,…

  10. Foreign Languages at Tarrant County Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane

    Even during the 1970's when diminished national interest in foreign language study was reflected in declining enrollments at most colleges, Tarrant County Junior College (TCJC) was able to maintain a vigorous language program by emphasizing oral communication and developing a flexible curriculum. Since 1975, the college has offered its preparatory…

  11. Learning Strategies Used by College Freshmen in Developing English Proficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLARIBELLE C. HABER

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available - The main objective of this study was to determine the learning strategies used by College Freshmen to enhance the development of English language proficiency; and to find out the extent of using them along phonology, vocabulary and grammar. The survey-results served as the basis of devising an instructional tool that would offer more learning techniques and ways that would enhance further the development of English proficiency. The descriptive method of research was applied. Survey questionnaires of two parts were used. Part 1 was a diagnostic test in English focused on phonology, vocabulary and grammar. Part 2 was an inventory of English Language learning strategies that emphasized reading and study skills, which also determined the extent of using them along the three (3 elements of English. The research venue was Camarines Sur State Agricultural College where 255 College Freshmen served as respondents. The statistical tools used were score interval, weighted mean, averaging and ranking systems. Results showed that the College freshmen are moderately proficient both on vocabulary and grammar but are hardly proficient on phonology. Varied learning strategies on reading and studying exercises are frequently used by the respondents in developing English proficiency. The extent or frequency of using learning strategies along the English language elements revealed that the respondents moderately used target learning strategies along phonology while they frequently used said strategies along vocabulary and grammar elements of English language.”Language Strategies for Better English Proficiency” was devised to offer more learning ways and techniques that would enhance English proficiency development. The teaching tool entitled “Language Strategies for Better English Proficiency” was found valid to be used in the curriculum.

  12. An Assessment of a Freshmen Learning Community at a Rural, Public Community College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenstein, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    The problem facing many higher education institutions is the ability to engage freshmen students during the first semester of college in order to sustain their enrollment. This study assessed the effectiveness of a freshmen learning community as a retention strategy at a small, rural, and public community college. The purpose of this ex post facto…

  13. Personality, Freshmen Proactive Social Behavior, and College Transition: Predictors beyond Academic Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yi; Cullen, Kristin L.; Yao, Xiang; Li, Yixuan

    2013-01-01

    When transitioning to college freshmen must behave proactively in order to strive for success in their collegiate careers and their future life. Past research has mainly focused on the academic strategies of freshmen when investigating the predictors of successful college transition and has paid little attention to students' social strategies. The…

  14. Perceptions about Residence Hall Wingmates and Alcohol-Related Secondhand Effects among College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Bush, Elizabeth N.; Novik, Melinda G.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The authors examined the secondhand effects among college freshmen of others' alcohol use and related student characteristics, and perceptions about residence hallmates. Participants: The authors surveyed 509 incoming freshmen residing in predominantly freshman residence halls. Methods: The authors administered a Web-based survey 2…

  15. A Senior Partner in the Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL.

    The development and current status of the student personnel program at Sante Fe Junior College is described. Statements of purpose and philosophy are amplified through an outline of the needs and characteristics of Santa Fe students and a description of the elements of the program as they relate to specific needs and characteristics. The elements…

  16. Santa Fe Junior College, Gainesville, Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudill, Rowlett and Scott, Architects, Houston, TX.

    The design of Santa Fe Junior College is examined, beginning with the development of an educational philosophy. Subsequent design decisions are based largely upon this philosophy which emphasizes the development of the individual student and the fulfillment of his needs. Further, the need for flexibility is recognized and is an important aspect of…

  17. Public Relations for Community/Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodress, Fred A.

    This monograph is a practical manual on public relations (PR) for community and junior colleges, containing numerous suggestions and recommendations for establishing and operating an effective public relations effort while avoiding PR pitfalls. An overview of the history of public relations in academe, the rationale underlying today's PR programs…

  18. A Four-Year Follow-Up Study of Underachieving College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valine, Warren J.

    1976-01-01

    A four-year follow-up study of underachieving college freshmen measured changes in the self-concept of those still in college and those who had dropped out. Significant differences generally favored college seniors. Findings also indicate that dropping out of college may be a positive experience. (Author)

  19. Self-efficacy of college freshmen engaged in STEM outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patchin, Stephen H.

    Not since the Cold War and the launch of Sputnik has there been such a focus on producing college graduates in fields related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). As manually driven careers disappear, new diverse careers are created and they have one thing in common, STEM. As students move into these challenging curriculums they will need to have faith in their abilities to achieve their goals. This self-efficacy is vital component for their collegiate and career success. This mixed methods study examines the unique pre-college STEM outreach phenomenon called Mind Trekkers. Mind Trekkers uses the "WOW" of experiential learning in the areas of STEM to motivate K-12 students to engage in STEM related fields. The focus of the study is on the first-year college freshmen that join this program, becoming STEM serviceteers, and how being part of this STEM phenomenon impacts their self-efficacy. The findings can be summed up in a quote. I get to help people understanding in a different way than I would if I was just doing volunteering like I did in high school. It's cool. I just love it and it gives me the confidence that what I am doing is the right thing here at (the university). (Jean). The results of the study indicate that the Mind Trekkers program acted as a catalyst to increase the self-efficacy of the students that participated in it, through personal social and academic impact.

  20. Prevalence of stress references on college freshmen Facebook profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, Katie G; Moreno, Megan A

    2011-10-01

    Stress is common among college students and associated with adverse health outcomes. This study used the social networking Web site Facebook to identify self-reported stress and associated conditions among college students. Public Facebook profiles of undergraduate freshman at a large Midwestern State University (n = 300) were identified using a Facebook search. Content analysis of Facebook profiles included demographic information and displayed references to stress, weight concerns, depressive symptoms, and alcohol. The mean reported age was 18.4 years, and the majority of profile owners were female (62%). Stress references were displayed on 37% of the profiles, weight concerns on 6%, depressive symptoms on 24%, and alcohol on 73%. The display of stress references was associated with female sex (odds ratio [OR], 2.81; confidence interval [CI], 1.7-4.7), weight concerns (OR, 5.36; CI, 1.87-15.34), and depressive symptoms (OR, 2.7; CI, 1.57-4.63). No associations were found between stress and alcohol references. College freshmen frequently display references to stress on Facebook profiles with prevalence rates similar to self-reported national survey data. Findings suggest a positive association between referencing stress and both weight concerns and depressive symptoms. Facebook may be a useful venue to identify students at risk for stress-related conditions and to disseminate information about campus resources to these students.

  1. Prevalence of Hyperinsulinemia Associated with Body Mass Index, Genetic Predisposition, and Lifestyle in College Freshmen Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopper, Mari K.; Brown, Gordon W.; Funke, Katharine A.; Pike Brown, Leslie R.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: College lifestyle places an individual at greater risk for the development of insulin resistance (IR) and disease. The aim of this study was to establish a baseline measurement of insulin, and other variables influencing IR in college freshmen. Participants: Twenty-two men and women, 18 to 19 years of age, during first month of college.…

  2. Relationship Between Math Attitudes and Achievement, Parents' Occupation, and Math Anxiety in Female College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kincaid, Marylou Butler; Austin-Martin, George

    The reasons that cause women to take significantly fewer mathematics courses than men are investigated. The subjects consisted of 377 female college freshmen enrolled at a small, private women's liberal arts college in the Midwest. All subjects were tested as part of the college's regular placement testing program prior to the Fall semester of the…

  3. A Study of the 1968 Graduates of Manatee Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stivers, Earl R.

    This study of the 1968 graduates of Manatee Junior College, Florida, showed that: (1) it is not necessary to be in the top 40% of grade 12 to succeed in junior college, (2) students in the lowest percentiles at entrance can earn a degree, (3) the average candidate for a degree should expect to spend more than four terms at the junior college, (4)…

  4. Measures to be Taken to Enhance Freshmen's English Listening-Speaking Abilities in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Xu-hua; Cao Rui; ZHANG Guang-ling

    2009-01-01

    The English Listening-Speaking abilities of college freshmen should be trained in a multi-faceted approach.This paper suggests some effective training methods which can enhance the abilities in English Listening-Speaking for freshmen such as: story telling,special topics,picture talks,free talks,proverbs,debating,oral reports,group discussions and so on from a practical point of view.

  5. STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT VOCATIONAL CHOICES. A DESCRIPTION OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN, II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABE, CLIFFORD; HOLLAND, JOHN L.

    THE AMERICAN COLLEGE SURVEY WAS USED TO ASSESS 12,432 COLLEGE FRESHMEN FROM 31 INSTITUTIONS ON 43 SCALES. FOR EACH VOCATION SELECTED BY 10 OR MORE STUDENTS, THE MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION WERE COMPUTED FOR 117 STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS. THE VOCATIONS WERE CATEGORIZED INTO 13 AREAS, AND SUMMARIES OF STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN EACH AREA WERE…

  6. Awareness and Knowledge of Cardiovascular Risk through Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Testing in College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnyk, J. A.; Panza, G.; Zaleski, A.; Taylor, B.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, yet knowledge of CVD risk factors is surprisingly low in college students. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualized blood pressure, cholesterol, and CVD education intervention on college freshmen. Methods:…

  7. Awareness and Knowledge of Cardiovascular Risk through Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Testing in College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnyk, J. A.; Panza, G.; Zaleski, A.; Taylor, B.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, yet knowledge of CVD risk factors is surprisingly low in college students. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualized blood pressure, cholesterol, and CVD education intervention on college freshmen. Methods:…

  8. General Education in Occupational Education Programs Offered by Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegman, Robert R.

    This report, directed toward junior college board members, presidents, deans, department heads, and teachers, as well as legislators, attempts to stimulate thought and action to improve general education in occupational programs offered by junior colleges. Following a review of the unsatisfactory status of present curricula, a rationale and…

  9. Sexual Behaviors during the First Year of College: An Exploratory Comparison of First and Second Semester Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vail-Smith, Karen; Maguire, Rachel L.; Brinkley, Jason; Burke, Sloane

    2010-01-01

    The transition from high school to college offers adolescents more freedom that may result in increased risky sexual behaviors. This exploratory study examines sexual behaviors of freshmen. Half of participants completed a questionnaire during the first week of college and the other half during the last week of their freshmen year. Significant…

  10. New Cadets and other College Freshmen: Class of 1984,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    96%). E. Cadet self- identification showed some movement to the right from the 1979 to the 1980 survey, with the number of liberals remaining...College 3. Bryn Mawr College 14. Mount Holyoke College 4. Carleton College 15. Oberlin College 5. Colby College 16. Smith College 6. Connecticut College 17

  11. Influence of Parenting Styles on the Adjustment and Academic Achievement of Traditional College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Bartholomae, Suzanne; McKenry, Patrick C.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the relationship between parenting styles and academic achievement and adjustment of traditional college freshmen (N=101). Multiple regression models indicate that authoritative parenting style was positively related to student's academic adjustment. Self-esteem was significantly predictive of social, personal-emotional, goal…

  12. Spirituality among College Freshmen: Relationships To Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, Jessie Wetherbe; Kurpius, Sharon Robinson; Befort, Christy; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Hull-Blanks, Elva; Sollenberger, Sonja; Huser, Laura

    2007-01-01

    The authors investigated the relationships between spirituality, body image, self-esteem, and stress in 204 college freshmen who identified themselves as being highly spiritual. A positive relationship was found between spirituality and self-esteem. Although self-esteem was found to be negatively related to stress, spirituality served as a buffer…

  13. Focused Feedback With Video Tape As An Aid In Counseling Underachieving College Freshmen. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valine, Warren J.

    This study examines the relative effectiveness of 3 group counseling techniques and a control group in counseling with underachieving college freshmen. The effectiveness of each method was determined through comparison of grade point averages (GPA) as well as by pre- and post-test scores on selected self concept variables of the Tennessee Self…

  14. Spirituality among College Freshmen: Relationships To Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, Jessie Wetherbe; Kurpius, Sharon Robinson; Befort, Christy; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Hull-Blanks, Elva; Sollenberger, Sonja; Huser, Laura

    2007-01-01

    The authors investigated the relationships between spirituality, body image, self-esteem, and stress in 204 college freshmen who identified themselves as being highly spiritual. A positive relationship was found between spirituality and self-esteem. Although self-esteem was found to be negatively related to stress, spirituality served as a buffer…

  15. The Research Process and the Library: First-Generation College Seniors vs. Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickard, Elizabeth; Logan, Firouzeh

    2013-01-01

    In a follow-up study to the ERIAL (Ethnographic Research in Illinois Academic Libraries) Project, librarians at UIC compared the responses of first-generation college freshmen from the original study to those of seniors. The study's aim was to determine whether student information literacy increases as a result of undergraduate education and to…

  16. A Conceptual Physical Education Course and College Freshmen's Health-Related Fitness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jingwen; Shangguan, Rulan; Keating, Xiaofen D.; Leitner, Jessica; Wu, Yigang

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Conceptual physical education (CPE) classes have been widely offered to promote a healthy lifestyle in higher education settings. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of a CPE course on health-related fitness (HRF) levels among college freshmen. Design/methodology/approach: A pre- and post-test research design was used. In…

  17. The Relationship of Smoking Status to Alcohol Use, Problems, and Health Behaviors in College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Amie L.; Smith, Shelby K.

    2012-01-01

    Differences in drinking, consequences, and perceptions were examined between alcohol-using college students by smoking status (current, past, and lifetime nonsmoker). Entering freshmen (N = 558: 45% male, 72% Caucasian, age M = 18) completed a questionnaire assessing smoking, drinking and current health perceptions. Results indicated current…

  18. Validity of a Competing Food Choice Construct regarding Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Urban College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Ming-Chin; Matsumori, Brandy; Obenchain, Janel; Viladrich, Anahi; Das, Dhiman; Navder, Khursheed

    2010-01-01

    Objective: This paper presents the reliability and validity of a "competing food choice" construct designed to assess whether factors related to consumption of less-healthful food were perceived to be barriers to fruit and vegetable consumption in college freshmen. Design: Cross-sectional, self-administered survey. Setting: An urban public college…

  19. Influence of Parenting Styles on the Adjustment and Academic Achievement of Traditional College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Bartholomae, Suzanne; McKenry, Patrick C.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the relationship between parenting styles and academic achievement and adjustment of traditional college freshmen (N=101). Multiple regression models indicate that authoritative parenting style was positively related to student's academic adjustment. Self-esteem was significantly predictive of social, personal-emotional, goal…

  20. Quantitative and Qualitative Results: Cooperative Learning Implementation with Hispanic Community College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Bobbette M.; Keitz, Ruth A.; Wells, Lori

    2013-01-01

    Five classes of Art Appreciation first semester undergraduate Hispanic students assigned to one professor were selected to experience cooperative learning over a full semester. Pre-semester surveys and post-semester surveys were completed by 104 Hispanic freshmen college students. Strategies used in the classes included Think-Pair-Share, Ticket…

  1. Validity of a Competing Food Choice Construct regarding Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Urban College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Ming-Chin; Matsumori, Brandy; Obenchain, Janel; Viladrich, Anahi; Das, Dhiman; Navder, Khursheed

    2010-01-01

    Objective: This paper presents the reliability and validity of a "competing food choice" construct designed to assess whether factors related to consumption of less-healthful food were perceived to be barriers to fruit and vegetable consumption in college freshmen. Design: Cross-sectional, self-administered survey. Setting: An urban public college…

  2. A Conceptual Physical Education Course and College Freshmen's Health-Related Fitness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jingwen; Shangguan, Rulan; Keating, Xiaofen D.; Leitner, Jessica; Wu, Yigang

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Conceptual physical education (CPE) classes have been widely offered to promote a healthy lifestyle in higher education settings. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of a CPE course on health-related fitness (HRF) levels among college freshmen. Design/methodology/approach: A pre- and post-test research design was used. In…

  3. An Examination of At-Risk College Freshmen's Expository Literacy Skills Using Interactive Online Writing Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mongillo, Geraldine; Wilder, Hilary

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study focused on at-risk college freshmen's ability to read and write expository text using game-like, online expository writing activities. These activities required participants to write descriptions of a target object so that peers could guess what the object was, after which they were given the results of those guesses as…

  4. High Math-Anxious Female College Freshmen: What Do They Have in Common?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Marylou; Austin-Martin, George

    Presented is a study which investigated the relationship of mathematics anxiety to mathematics attitudes and mathematics achievement for 62 high math-anxious female college freshmen. Subjects were given the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Inventory, including a mathematics anxiety scale, and a mathematics achievement test. High math-anxious…

  5. Tarrant County Junior College District, Exploring America's Communities. Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarrant County Junior Coll. District, Ft. Worth, TX.

    In 1996, Tarrant County Junior College District participated in the American Association of Community Colleges' Exploring America's Communities project, which works to strengthen the teaching and learning of American history, literature, and culture at U.S. community colleges. The primary goals included the following: (1) to develop an inclusive,…

  6. Phoenix Union High School System Freshmen and Juniors Look at High School, November 1974/April 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Coleen

    The Upperclassmen Look at High School Survey was administered in April 1975 to randomly selected junior classes, along with the Vocabulary section of the Iowa Test of Educational Development. This survey was administered, along with the freshman survey in October, as a check on student attitude toward the following: new educational concepts,…

  7. New Cadets and other College Freshmen Class of 1986

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-04-01

    academic reputation (87%), special education programs (46%), and financial assistance (45%). 4. Cadet political identification remained largely...Very High Selectivity (1,175 or more on SAT-V 4 SAT-M) 1. Anharst College 14. Harvey Mudd College 2. Barnard College IS. Mount Holyoke College 3

  8. Student Characteristics and Change at Napa Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMillan, Thomas F.

    At Napa Junior College (California), to test the relationship between college attendance and personality change, 100 volunteers were measured in their first year by the STEP Reading Exam and the ACE Psychological Exam. California Psychological Inventory (CPI) showed a significant range in personality traits from high to low ability students. The…

  9. An Institutional Autopsy of St. Augustine Junior College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumadue, Richard T.

    2009-01-01

    Institutional autopsies can teach much about why learning centers fail the test of time. St. Augustine Junior College in north Florida, the brainchild of Dr. George Apel, was begun in 1942 and ended seven years later in 1949. The purposes of the short-lived college are identified for discussion in this paper. Also identified are the reasons for…

  10. The EDO: New Man on the Junior College Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Lab. for Higher Education, Durham, NC.

    The Educational Development Officer (EDO) is a new kind of college administrator, a full-time catalyst for change. In the Junior and Community College Division of the National Laboratory for Higher Education (NLHE), the EDO has been defined as an innovation-minded professional who questions existing practices, works constantly for constructive…

  11. Lifetime and 12-Month Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and Academic Performance in College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiekens, Glenn; Claes, Laurence; Demyttenaere, Koen; Auerbach, Randy P; Green, Jennifer G; Kessler, Ronald C; Mortier, Philippe; Nock, Matthew K; Bruffaerts, Ronny

    2016-10-01

    We examined whether nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with academic performance in college freshmen, using census-based web surveys (N = 7,527; response = 65.4%). NSSI was assessed with items from the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview and subsequently linked with the administratively recorded academic year percentage (AYP). Freshmen with lifetime and 12-month NSSI showed a reduction in AYP of 3.4% and 5.9%, respectively. The college environment was found to moderate the effect of 12-month NSSI, with more strongly reduced AYPs in departments with higher-than-average mean departmental AYPs. The findings suggest that overall stress and test anxiety are underlying processes between NSSI membership and academic performance.

  12. PRACTICAL APPROACHES IN TEACHING BUSINESS ENGLISH TO FRESHMEN OF THE CONTINUING EDUCATION COLLEGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This article presents some practical approaches inteaching Business English to freshmen of the Continu-ing Education College.It introduces three attempts inmatching the students’situation with the teachingtasks,combining teaching with practice,and givingstudents periodic tests and a variety of test formats in-stead of only giving one test at the end of the term.Itis shown,through the practical attempts,that theapproaches are effective.

  13. About English Listening Teaching of Junior College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童心; 李雪

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1、The listening current situation by junior college students Listening is a significant and essential area of development in the native language and in a second language.But nowadays, most of junior college students listening level are very poor.They lack a sense of the importance of learning English and lack confidence to study English well.Class time is limited, and sometimes students listen without a clear aim, therefore, we attain low effect.Teachers always ignore explaining listening skills and fostering general ana- lyzing ability, so in the course of time, it is harm to cultivate stu- dents' communicative capacity.

  14. Accounting Boot Camp for College Juniors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myring, Mark; Wrege, William; Van Alst, Lucinda

    2008-01-01

    We describe a day-long introduction to new accounting majors, which we call a boot camp. Boot camp it is an effort to make juniors more aware of their identity, career purposes and learning resources that are now parts of their world, much of which is not covered explicitly in the accounting curriculum. This paper provides an overview of the…

  15. Experience of developing and implementing a motivation induction course for konyang university medical college freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Na, Beag Ju; Lee, Keumho; Kim, Kunil; Song, Daun; Hur, Yera

    2012-06-01

    This study aimed to develop a new course for Konyang University College of Medicine freshmen to motivate them with regard to their vision and medical professionalism and experience various learning methods of medical education. The course was developed by 4 faculty members through several intensive meetings throughout the winter of 2010. A 4-credit course was designed for 61 freshmen of Konyang University College of Medicine to provide structured guidance and an introduction to their medical education and increase their motivation with regard to their studies and school life. The course lasted for 4 weeks (February 28 to March 25), and every session of the program was evaluated by the students. The 'motivation induction course' consisted of the following sessions: university-wide: 'leadership camp' and 'special lectures for future vision;' college-wide: 'major immersion session,' 'Enneagram workshop,' 'STRONG workshop,' 'medical professionalism,' and 'team-based learning.' The group results were presented in a poster and by oral presentation and were awarded prizes for the best performance. Special features included: group discussion session on medical ethics, which used scenarios that were developed by a medical humanity course committee and visiting all departments and mentors of the medical college to fulfill their curiosity of their future major or workplace. Overall, the course was evaluated as satisfactory (M=4.22, SD=0.81). Although there was some dissatisfaction, the overall experience of the "motivation induction course" was a success. The course will continue to be valuable for freshmen in adapting to medical school and its culture and in defining one's view of a good doctor.

  16. Graphic Novels in Community and Junior College Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finley, Wayne

    2015-01-01

    Although the growth in popularity of graphic novels among readers of all ages and the expansion of graphic novels in both public and academic libraries has been well defined in library literature, the inclusion of graphic novels in community and junior college libraries has received little attention. The purpose of this article is to begin the…

  17. Freshmen and Sophomores Abroad: Community Colleges and Overseas Academic Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Gerhard

    The mechanics of establishing and maintaining overseas academic programs are examined in this monograph with respect to the community college level. Chapter 1 provides a history of internationalism in institutions of higher learning from ancient times in India, China, Persia, Greece, Rome, and Western Europe. Chapter 2 presents a rationale for the…

  18. Perceived Parenting Style and the Eating Practices of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Seraphine Pitt; Brown, Kelli McCormack; McDermott, Robert J.; Bryant, Carol A.; Kromrey, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    Background: Unhealthy eating contributes to morbidity in adolescents and college students and is an antecedent of premature mortality in adulthood. It has been suggested that the increase in independence (i.e., living away from parents) of adolescents contributes to their poor eating behaviors. Some literature reports that specific parenting…

  19. Freshmen and Sophomores Abroad: Community Colleges and Overseas Academic Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Gerhard

    The mechanics of establishing and maintaining overseas academic programs are examined in this monograph with respect to the community college level. Chapter 1 provides a history of internationalism in institutions of higher learning from ancient times in India, China, Persia, Greece, Rome, and Western Europe. Chapter 2 presents a rationale for the…

  20. A study on coping patterns of junior college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya N

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to examine the coping patterns followed by the junior college students. Further, an extensive effort was done to study the gender differences in coping patterns used by the students. This study was conducted in Christ College, Bangalore and on the first and second-year students of pre-university studying in either of the branches (Bachelor of Arts, Science, or Commerce. A total of 120 samples were collected from study population of junior college students using the random sampling method. The sample comprised, 40 students from each group of Arts, Science, and Commerce, including both of the sexes. The tools such as, socio-demographic data sheet and coping checklist, were used. The study findings revealed that majority of the students adopted emotion- and problem-focused coping strategies. Most of the female students adopted emotion-focused coping strategies, whereas the male students mostly used problem-focused coping strategies.

  1. Fit Minded College Edition Pilot Study: Can a Magazine-Based Discussion Group Improve Physical Activity in Female College Freshmen?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellitteri, Katelyn; Huberty, Jennifer; Ehlers, Diane; Bruening, Meg

    Initial efficacy of a magazine-based discussion group for improving physical activity (PA), self-worth, and eating behaviors in female college freshmen. Randomized control trial. A large university in southwestern United States. Thirty-seven female college freshmen were randomized to the intervention (n = 17) and control groups (n = 20) in September 2013. Participants completed an 8-week magazine-based discussion group program, Fit Minded College Edition, adapted from Fit Minded, a previously tested theory-based intervention. Education on PA, self-worth, and nutrition was provided using excerpts from women's health magazines. Participants also had access to a Web site with supplementary health and wellness material. The control group did not attend meetings or have access to the Web site but received the magazines. Interventions focusing on concepts of self-worth with less focus on weight and appearance may promote long term PA participation and healthy eating behaviors in college women. Self-reported PA, global self-worth, knowledge self-worth, self-efficacy, social support, eating behaviors (ie, fruit/veggie/junk food/sugar-sweetened beverage consumption), satisfaction, and Web site usage. Mean age of participants was 18.11 (SD = 0.32) years. Time × Intervention effects were observed for PA minutes per week (Partial η = 0.34), knowledge self-worth (Partial η = 0.02), and daily sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (Partial η = 0.17) (P < .05), with the intervention group reporting greater increases in PA and knowledge self-worth and greater decreases in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. A magazine-based discussion group may provide a promising platform to improve health behaviors in female college freshmen.

  2. The process of coping among ethnic minority first-generation college freshmen: a narrative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phinney, Jean S; Haas, Kumiko

    2003-12-01

    Using a narrative approach, the authors explored the process of coping among ethnic minority college students. Participants were 30 freshmen, predominantly the 1st members of their families to attend college, who wrote journals once a week for 3 weeks on their ways of coping with stress. They also completed a survey of background information. Those who were more successful in coping, compared to those who were less successful, expressed a greater sense of self-efficacy and did not feel that they lacked needed social support. However, those who were more successful in coping did not differ on demographic variables, including ethnicity, gender, country of birth, and parental education. The narratives provide evidence of the complex and interactive process of coping among ethnic minority college students.

  3. Folklore in the Junior College Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonergan, David; McHone-Chase, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Many community colleges are located near rural areas where significant folkloric research could be done. Community college librarians may be pleasantly surprised to find many of the standard folkloric resources on their reference shelves. In addition, folklorists may be professors of English, anthropology, history, sociology, art, or music, who…

  4. The Transfer Function Is Alive and Well at the Private/Independent Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Pam Brown

    1986-01-01

    Reports on an examination of the transfer function a sample of 10 private/independent junior colleges. Reviews data obtained through analyses of college catalogs and available descriptive information and through survey research focusing on college goals. Reveals evidence of the private/independent junior college's commitment to the transfer…

  5. Prevalence and related risk factors of anxiety and depression among Chinese college freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Wei; Bian, Qian; Song, Yan-yan; Ren, Jia-yi; Xu, Xiao-ying; Zhao, Min

    2015-12-01

    Anxiety, depression, and even suicidal ideation are becoming the most common mental health problems affecting Chinese college students. The present study investigated the prevalence of mental health problems and their predictors in a sample of 1048 Chinese college freshmen from Shanghai. We used following brief screening instruments to measure symptoms of anxiety and depression, as well as self-control and suicidal ideation: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), a mental health and mental health knowledge questionnaire (MK), a mental disease-related attitude questionnaire (MA), questionnaires about the knowledge of psychological services and utilities, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) Suicide module, the Self-Rated Health Measurement Scale (SFHMS), the Self-Esteem Scale (SES), the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCQ), and the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS-10). Over half of the students suffered from at least one mental health problem. Approximately 65.55% of freshmen had depression, and 46.85% had anxiety. Minority status, low family income, and religious belief were significantly associated with current mental health problems. These findings indicate that mental disorders are highly prevalent among the freshman student population. The prevalence of such mental disorders was greater than that of the general population, and the majority of students with mental health problems require treatment.

  6. The Final Report on the Tarrant County Junior College Phase of the Social Science Demonstration Project Sponsored by the American Association of Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Robert M.

    An account of Tarrant Count Junior College's participation in the American Association of Junior Colleges' Social Science Demonstration Project was presented. The purpose of the project was to involve introductory sociology students in the use of the community as a laboratory to enliven the teaching-learning experience and develop in students a…

  7. The Differential Influence of Authoritative Parenting on the Initial Adjustment of Male and Female Traditional College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Toews, Michelle L.; Andrews, David W.

    2001-01-01

    Surveyed college freshmen to examine the relationship between gender, authoritative parenting, aptitude, self-esteem, initial academic achievement, and overall adjustment. Found that authoritative parenting style was positively related to males' initial grade point average, but not significantly associated with females'. (EV)

  8. A Comparative Study of the College Entrance Examination Board Validity Study Service and Freshmen Cumulative Point Averages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    The success with which freshmen cumulative point averages may be predicted from a combination of a student's high school rank, Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) score (Verbal) and SAT score (Mathematics) was investigated. A multiple regression formula developed by the College Entrance Examination Board was used to combine the three predictors into a…

  9. The Differential Influence of Authoritative Parenting on the Initial Adjustment of Male and Female Traditional College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, Gregory P.; Toews, Michelle L.; Andrews, David W.

    2001-01-01

    Surveyed college freshmen to examine the relationship between gender, authoritative parenting, aptitude, self-esteem, initial academic achievement, and overall adjustment. Found that authoritative parenting style was positively related to males' initial grade point average, but not significantly associated with females'. (EV)

  10. A Comparative Study of the College Entrance Examination Board Validity Study Service and Freshmen Cumulative Point Averages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    The success with which freshmen cumulative point averages may be predicted from a combination of a student's high school rank, Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) score (Verbal) and SAT score (Mathematics) was investigated. A multiple regression formula developed by the College Entrance Examination Board was used to combine the three predictors into a…

  11. Teaching English Composition in a Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shishin, Alex

    Composition instruction in Japan's two-year colleges must build on the English learned in earlier education and undo the problems created by the grammar-translation method. In addition, it must often develop creativity and critical-thinking skills not commonly taught in the Japanese educational system. One teacher's approach is to stress…

  12. Marketing Effectiveness in Community and Junior Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scigliano, Virginia L.; Scigliano, John A.

    A nationwide survey of a random sample of 210 two-year colleges was conducted in 1979 to test the hypothesis that administrative adherence to sound marketing practices will lead to higher enrollments. Survey participants were asked to respond to 15 items adapted from Philip Kotler's Marketing Audit, a recognized scale of marketing effectiveness…

  13. [Dietary patterns and its influencing factors among freshmen students in college].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Su-fang; Mu, Min; Zhao, Yan; Li, Hu-zhong; Fang, Yan-fu; Wang, Hai-lin; Li, Li; Hu, Chuan-lai

    2011-09-01

    To investigate the dietary pattern in college freshmen students and to analyze the influencing factors on their dietary patterns. A questionnaire survey on situation of dietary pattern and influencing factors was conducted among 1319 freshmen students. Four major dietary patterns were noticed and they were: I, high consumption in hamburger, fried food, nuts, biscuit, chocolate, cola, coffee, sugars, II, high consumption in pork, mutton, beef, poultry meat, animal liver, III, high consumption in fresh fruits, eggs, fish and shrimps, kelp laver and sea fish, milk and dairy products, beans and bean products, IV, high consumption in rice and grain, fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, pork. Risk factors on dietary pattern were presented as follows: (1) boys:having the food pattern I and II showed a strong positive association with the place where they live (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 0.87 - 3.19; OR = 1.51, 95%CI: 0.79 - 2.88), eating place (OR = 1.63, 95%CI: 1.03 - 2.59;OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.04 - 3.23), level of mother's education (OR = 2.52, 95%CI: 1.07 - 5.95; OR = 3.38, 95%CI: 1.50 - 7.63), family income (OR = 2.24, 95%CI: 1.30 - 3.88; OR = 3.06, 95%CI: 1.77 - 5.29) and the status of passive smoking (OR = 1.80, 95%CI: 0.70 - 4.59; OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 0.75 - 4.45). Inverse correlations was found on the level of mother's education (OR = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.17 - 1.79). The food pattern IV showed a strong positive association with place of eating (OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.04 - 3.23) but having an inverse correlation with the level of mother's education (OR = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.17 - 1.79). (2) girls when compared with boys, the food pattern I showed minor association with the places of living and eating; while the food pattern II and III had minor association with the status of passive smoking. Socio-demographic factors and lifestyle had influenced on the dietary patterns among college freshmen students who should be guided to have a reasonable, balanced diet in the college.

  14. Bonding Gossip as an Identity Negotiation Life Phase: A Study of Multimodal Texting via Smartphone Among Taiwanese College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Chi Shiau

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Drawn on ethnographic interviews with 17 informants as well as seven focus group interviews, this study examines how college freshmen text on social media via smartphones to formulate collegiate bonding. Gossip is common between two individuals to avoid collapsed context, so both parties can ascertain the meaning derived from such situated interaction; it is less frequently among multiple small group users. Three linguistic genres of gossip identified include (1 sarcastic gossip—negative but not malicious—on fellows, (2 gossip against authorities, and (3 celebrity gossip. However, gossiping among freshmen is a life-phase phenomenon, usually lasting 2 or 3 months until a solid social network with stronger ties in an offline context has been secured. Over time, the freshmen have gradually reduced their amount of time investing in such communicative capital. As a result of multimodal communicative tools, social media has afforded wider and more multimodal dissemination of information which the freshmen might otherwise have not been able to access. Gossiping is popular for it provides sources of conversational comfort and sartorial security, creating a safer net so that the freshmen could playfully navigate through the precarious life phase.

  15. Reproductive Rights and the Career Plans of U.S. College Freshmen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steingrimsdottir, Herdis

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the heterogeneous effects of the birth control pill and abortion rights on young people's career plans. In particular, these effects are allowed to vary by sex, race, religion, and, importantly, by level of academic ability. Using annual surveys of over two million college...... freshmen from 1968 to 1976, I find that the pill mainly affected high ability women, by shifting their plans toward occupations with higher wages and higher male ratios. Abortion rights, in contrast, were mainly shown to affect women in the low ability group, with their plans shifting toward careers...... associated with lower income and lower prestige scores. My findings also suggest that the career plans of black males were positively affected by both increased access to the pill and abortions....

  16. Associations of physical activity, screen time with depression, anxiety and sleep quality among Chinese college freshmen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Feng

    Full Text Available To investigate the independent and interactive associations of physical activity (PA and screen time (ST with depression, anxiety and sleep quality among Chinese college students.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Wuhan University, China from November to December 2011. The students reported their PA, ST and socio-economic characteristics using self-administered questionnaires. Sleep quality was measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs of the independent and interactive relationships of PA and ST with depression, anxiety and sleep quality.A total of 1106 freshmen (471 females and 635 males aged 18.9±0.9 years were included in the study. After adjustment for potential confounders, high PA and low ST were independently associated with significantly lower risks for poor sleep quality (OR: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.30-0.78 and depression (OR: 0.67, 95%CI: 0.44-0.89, respectively. An interactive inverse association was observed for combined effects of PA and low ST on depression (OR: 0.62, 95%CI: 0.40-0.92 and sleep quality (OR: 0.51, 95%CI: 0.27-0.91. No statistically significant associations were found between PA, ST and anxiety among the participants.These findings suggest an independent and interactive relationship of high PA and low ST with significantly reduced prevalence of depressive problems and favorable sleep quality among Chinese college freshmen.

  17. Traditional-Aged College Juniors' Career Planning Self-Efficacy: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Dawn C.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this single-site case study was to explore and describe traditional-age college juniors' reports of self-efficacy (Bandura, 1997) regarding Career Planning (Barker & Kellen, 1998). More specifically, the career planning confidence levels of college juniors enrolled in a required career development course at a private business…

  18. Current Planning for the Development of Public Junior Colleges in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munns, Earle Dee

    This report of 38 studies from 22 states includes the analysis and synthesis of statements of policy and program scop", conclusions and recommendations, needs for services, criteria for establishing new junior colleges, and procedures for improving state-wide coordination. Twelve conclusions are presented regarding the role of junior colleges in…

  19. An Assessment of Campus Police Departments across Mississippi's Public Community and Junior Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggs, Brad D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to provide an assessment of campus police departments throughout the 15 public community and junior colleges in Mississippi. This research could provide Mississippi community and junior college administrators the opportunity to observe and appraise the overall safety of their respective campuses in comparison to safety…

  20. How Singapore Junior College Science Teachers Address Curriculum Reforms: A Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Patrick; Pyvis, David

    2012-01-01

    Using grounded theory research methodology, a theory was developed to explain how Singapore junior college science teachers implement educational reforms underpinning the key initiatives of the "Thinking Schools, Learning Nation" policy. The theory suggests Singapore junior college science teachers "deal with" implementing curriculum reforms by…

  1. Effects of AlcoholEdu for College on Alcohol-Related Problems Among Freshmen: A Randomized Multicampus Trial*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschall, Mallie J.; Antin, Tamar; Ringwalt, Christopher L.; Saltz, Robert F.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: AlcoholEdu for College is a 2- to 3-hour online course for incoming college freshmen. This study was the first multicampus trial to examine effects of AlcoholEdu for College on alcohol-related problems among freshmen. Method: Thirty universi participated in the study. Fifteen were randomly assigned to receive AlcoholEdu, and the other 15 were assigned to the control condition. AlcoholEdu was implemented by intervention schools during the summer and/or fall semester. Cross-sectional surveys of freshmen were conducted at each university beginning before the intervention in spring 2008/2009; post-intervention surveys were administered in fall 2008/2009 and spring 2009/2010. The surveys included questions about the past-30-day frequency of 28 alcohol-related problems, from which we created indices for the total number of problems and problems in seven domains: physiological, academic, social, driving under the influence/riding with drinking drivers, aggression, sexual risk taking, and victimization. Multilevel Poisson regression analyses were conducted to examine intent-to-treat and dosage effects of AlcoholEdu for College on these outcomes. Results: Multilevel intent-to-treat analyses indicated significant reductions in the risk for past-30-day alcohol problems in general and problems in the physiological, social, and victimization domains during the fall semester immediately after completion of the course. However, these effects did not persist in the spring semester. Additional analyses suggested stronger AlcoholEdu effects on these outcomes at colleges with higher rates of student course completion. No AlcoholEdu effects were observed for alcohol-related problems in the other four domains. Conclusions: AlcoholEdu for College appears to have beneficial short-term effects on victimization and the most common types of alcohol-related problems among freshmen. Universities may benefit the most by mandating AlcoholEdu for College for all incoming freshmen and

  2. Psychometric evaluation of dietary self-efficacy and outcome expectation scales in female college freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kedem, Leia E; Evans, Ellen M; Chapman-Novakofski, Karen

    2014-11-01

    Lifestyle interventions commonly measure psychosocial beliefs as precursors to positive behavior change, but often overlook questionnaire validation. This can affect measurement accuracy if the survey has been developed for a different population, as differing behavioral influences may affect instrument validity. The present study aimed to explore psychometric properties of self-efficacy and outcome expectation scales-originally developed for younger children-in a population of female college freshmen (N = 268). Exploratory principal component analysis was used to investigate underlying data patterns and assess validity of previously published subscales. Composite scores for reliable subscales (Cronbach's α ≥ .70) were calculated to help characterize self-efficacy and outcome expectation beliefs in this population. The outcome expectation factor structure clearly comprised of positive (α = .81-.90) and negative outcomes (α = .63-.67). The self-efficacy factor structure included themes of motivation and effort (α = .75-.94), but items pertaining to hunger and availability cross-loaded often. Based on cross-loading patterns and low Cronbach's alpha values, respectively, self-efficacy items regarding barriers to healthy eating and negative outcome expectation items should be refined to improve reliability. Composite scores suggested that eating healthfully was associated with positive outcomes, but self-efficacy to do so was lower. Thus, dietary interventions for college students may be more successful by including skill-building activities to enhance self-efficacy and increase the likelihood of behavior change.

  3. A prospective study of weight gain associated with chronotype among college freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culnan, Elizabeth; Kloss, Jacqueline D; Grandner, Michael

    2013-06-01

    A prospective study of chronotype as a predictor of increased weight gain and body mass index (BMI) among college freshman was undertaken. At baseline, 137 college freshmen were characterized as morning, neutral, or evening types using the reduced version of the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Additionally, information was collected regarding weight, BMI, and health habits (e.g., junk food and alcohol consumption). These additional measures consisted of a descriptive questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Gray-Donald Eating Patterns Questionnaire, and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. Participants included 79 females and 80 males with a mean age of 18.25 (SD = 0.56) yrs. Eight weeks later, participants returned (N = 54) to complete follow-up measures, which were identical to baseline assessments with the exception of the descriptive questionnaire, in which demographic questions were removed. Evening types had a significantly greater BMI gain (p < 0.05) when compared with morning/neutral types. Health behaviors did not differ by chronotype. Future studies should seek to clarify the mechanisms underlying the chronotype-BMI/weight gain relationship.

  4. Racism experiences and psychological functioning in African American college freshmen: is racial socialization a buffer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bynum, Mia Smith; Burton, E Thomaseo; Best, Candace

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented the negative effects of racism on the psychological health of African Americans. However, consideration of racial socialization as a potential buffer against racism experiences has received limited attention. The present study investigated whether two types of parental racial socialization messages reduced the impact of racism on psychological functioning in a sample of 247 African American college freshmen (M=18.30). Results indicated that students who reported more racism experiences also had poorer levels of psychological functioning as indicated by higher levels of psychological stress and psychological distress. Parental messages emphasizing the use of African American cultural resources to cope with racism reduced the impact of racism on psychological stress only. Cultural pride messages predicted less psychological distress while messages emphasizing the use of cultural resources predicted greater psychological distress. However, neither message type moderated the relationship between racism experiences and psychological distress. These results suggest that racial socialization messages have complex relations to psychological functioning in African American college students.

  5. A prospective study of weight gain associated with chronotype among college freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culnan, Elizabeth; Kloss, Jacqueline D.; Grandner, Michael

    2013-01-01

    A prospective study of chronotype as a predictor of increased weight gain and body mass index (BMI) among college freshman was undertaken. At baseline, 137 college freshmen were characterized as morning, neutral, or evening types using the reduced version of the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Additionally, information was collected regarding weight, BMI, and health habits (e.g., junk food and alcohol consumption). These additional measures consisted of a descriptive questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Gray-Donald Eating Patterns Questionnaire, and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale. Participants included 79 females and 80 males with a mean age of 18.25 (SD=0.56) yrs. Eight weeks later, participants returned (N=54) to complete follow-up measures, which were identical to baseline assessments with the exception of the descriptive questionnaire, in which demographic questions were removed. Evening types had a significantly greater BMI gain (p<0.05) when compared with morning/neutral types. Health behaviors did not differ by chronotype. Future studies should seek to clarify the mechanisms underlying the chronotype-BMI/weight gain relationship. PMID:23688114

  6. Academic Attributes of College Freshmen that Lead to Success in Actuarial Studies in a Business College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Richard Manning; Schumacher, Phyllis

    2006-01-01

    The authors studied beginning undergraduate actuarial concentrators in a business college. They identified four variables (math Scholastic Aptitude Test [SAT] score, verbal SAT score, percentile rank in high school graduating class, and percentage score on a college mathematics placement exam) that were available for entering college students that…

  7. The contribution of personality traits and academic and social adjustment to life satisfaction and depression in college freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Smojver-Ažić

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the role of personality traits and student academic and social college adjustment to their overall life satisfaction and depression. Sample of 492 freshmen completed a battery of measures. Hierarchical regression analyses are applied to analyze the contribution of predictor variables on life satisfaction and depression in the group of male and female students. After controlling for the personality traits, college adjustment had a significant contribution to student depression and life satisfaction. Optimism has a significant protective role only with male, but not with female students.

  8. THE CARE AND FEEDING OF THE COMMUNITY JUNIOR COLLEGE, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL JUNIOR COLLEGE ADMINISTRATIVE TEAMS INSTITUTE (7TH, DAYTONA BEACH, AUGUST 13-15, 1967).

    Science.gov (United States)

    WIEGMAN, ROBERT R.

    THIS CONFERENCE WAS ORGANIZED AROUND A 2-PART THEME, CONSISTING OF (1) THE JUNIOR COLLEGE'S COMMUNITY AND PUBLIC RELATIONS AND (2) SUPPORT FOR INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT, WITH EMPHASIS ON PRIVATE SOURCES OF FUNDS. SPECIFIC TOPICS INCLUDED PUBLICITY, THE IMAGE OF THE COLLEGE IN PRINT, COMMUNITY RELATIONS, THE MACHINERY FOR DEVELOPMENT, GIFTS, AND…

  9. Reciprocal Relationship between Internet Addiction and Network-Related Maladaptive Cognition among Chinese College Freshmen: A Longitudinal Cross-Lagged Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Piguo; Wang, Peng; Lin, Qingnan; Tian, Yu; Gao, Fengqiang; Chen, Yingmin

    2017-01-01

    This study explored the reciprocal relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and network-related maladaptive cognition (NMC) in Chinese college freshmen. A short-term longitudinal survey with a sample of 213 college freshmen was conducted in Shandong province, China. The results revealed that IA can significantly predict the generation and development of NMCs, and that when such maladaptive cognitions have been established, they can further adversely affect the extent of the students' IA. A vicious cycle was observed between these two variables, with IA having predictive priority in its relationship with NMC. This study also determined that the relationship between these two variables was the same for both males and females; therefore, the final model we established can be extensively applied to Chinese college freshmen, regardless of gender. Understanding the reciprocal relationship between these two variables can assist in interventions in IA at the outset of students' college life.

  10. The Inequality of Self-Efficacy between Junior College and Traditional University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, R. C.

    2016-01-01

    Higher education research highlights the difficulties students face when transitioning from a junior college to a traditional university. This study explored a gap between junior vs. traditional university students' academic self-efficacy beliefs. This study also controlled for the effects of the student role-identity and academic performance on…

  11. Parental Financial Support and the Financial and Family Problems of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunnett, Nancy Hubbell

    1975-01-01

    Freshmen completed the Mooney Problem Check List and reported how much financial support their parents provided. The relationship between parents' support and finances, living conditions, and employment problems was highly significant, with women reporting more financial problems than men. (Author)

  12. The Effect of Physical Activity on the Stress Management, Interpersonal Relationships, and Alcohol Consumption of College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Wilson-Salandy

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the changes of health behaviors in college students as they transition through their freshman year. The author surveyed 167 freshmen, ages 18 to 25, to examine the effects of physical activity on the stress management, interpersonal relationships, and alcohol consumption in college freshmen. The participant’s responses were at baseline to 3-month outcome and 3-month to 6-month outcome. The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II questionnaire and the Daily Drinking Questionnaire examined the health behaviors and drinking consumption. Students with moderate physical activity had nearly half the odds of better stress management as compared with students with higher physical activity. However, this result was not statistically significant, OR = 0.49, 95% CI = [0.24, 1.01], and OR = 0.52, 95% CI = [0.25, 1.29]. Few studies have evaluated physical activity and the health behaviors of stress management, interpersonal relationships, and alcohol consumption in college students. This study can provide further understanding of health promotion behaviors in college students.

  13. The Role of Exercise Self-Efficacy, Perceived Exertion, Event-Related Stress, and Demographic Factors in Predicting Physical Activity among College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brannagan, Kim

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: The focus of this study was to examine the relationship among precursors to physical activity, including exercise self-efficacy, perceived exertion, stress, and demographic factors, among college students. Design: This study employed an associational design. Setting: The study population was college freshmen in southeast Louisiana who…

  14. The Role of Exercise Self-Efficacy, Perceived Exertion, Event-Related Stress, and Demographic Factors in Predicting Physical Activity among College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brannagan, Kim

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: The focus of this study was to examine the relationship among precursors to physical activity, including exercise self-efficacy, perceived exertion, stress, and demographic factors, among college students. Design: This study employed an associational design. Setting: The study population was college freshmen in southeast Louisiana who…

  15. A Study to Determine the Influence of Certain Non-Cognitive Factors on Achievement of Freshmen Students Enrolled in a Predominantly Black State Supported College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Christus N.

    1981-01-01

    Studied the effects of the following variables on the academic avhievement of freshmen in a predominantly Black College: (1) size of the high schools from which they graduated; (2) parents' educational backgrounds; (3) proposed college major; (4) employment status; and (5) residential status. Found no statistically significant relationship between…

  16. Junior and Community College Research, Texas, 1977-78. The Seventh Annual Report to the Texas Association of Junior and Community College Instructional Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, R. Eugene, Ed.

    The first of three studies presented in this report investigated the role of the academic dean/dean of instruction as related to the effectiveness of educational leadership in junior colleges. Using the Educational Administrative Style Diagnosis Test and the Educational Administrative Appropriateness Test, 60 deans, representing 47 Texas community…

  17. Freshmen Women and the "Freshman 15": Perspectives on Prevalence and Causes of College Weight Gain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Jackson, TeriSue; Reel, Justine J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Freshman weight gain has been assessed using quantitative inquiry, but this qualitative study allowed for an in-depth exploration of freshmen women's experiences surrounding body image, nutrition, and exercise. The purpose of this study was to better understand the impact and explanations for the "Freshman 15." Participants: Freshmen…

  18. Freshmen Women and the "Freshman 15": Perspectives on Prevalence and Causes of College Weight Gain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Jackson, TeriSue; Reel, Justine J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Freshman weight gain has been assessed using quantitative inquiry, but this qualitative study allowed for an in-depth exploration of freshmen women's experiences surrounding body image, nutrition, and exercise. The purpose of this study was to better understand the impact and explanations for the "Freshman 15." Participants: Freshmen…

  19. Catholic High School Students' Attitudes toward Homosexuality: A Snapshot of Incoming College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Michael J.

    2004-01-01

    This study is a survey of incoming freshmen at a Midwestern Catholic university on their agreement with Church teachings on homosexuality. In general, females had more homo-positive attitudes than males, graduates of catholic high schools had more homo-positive attitudes than graduates from non-Catholic high schools, and graduates from…

  20. How Are Community, Technical, and Junior Colleges Putting Technology to Work for Their Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeHart, A. Robert; And Others

    1987-01-01

    In these four technology-related articles, Robert DeHart examines uses of satellite technology; Jack Pirkey describes televised instruction at Tarrant County Junior College (Texas); Baxter Hood focuses on occupational curriculum development at York Technical College (South Carolina); and Richard Schinoff considers computer-based student services…

  1. Tarrant County Junior College: Its Economic Impact in Its Service Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarrant County Junior Coll. District, Ft. Worth, TX.

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects--both economic and educational--of Tarrant County Junior College (TCJC) on the community around it. The study, conducted in 1969-70, involved all students and employees of the college (the questionnaires used are included as appendices of this study). Direct economic influences on the area…

  2. Community and Junior College Concern for and Services Provided to Part-Time Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kegel, Paul L.

    A questionnaire was mailed to a random sample (n=395) of public, private (including proprietary) and church-related community and junior colleges for the purpose of identifying the nature of part-time students in such institutions, the extent to which they participate in or are included in college programs and activities, and the various ways in…

  3. Modesto Junior College's Student Success Plan: A Model for Student Success/PFE Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKuin, Kathleen

    This is a report on the student success model designed by Modesto Junior College (MJC) (California) in conjunction with the state-established Partnership for Excellence (PFE) program goals. The PFE program addresses goals of the community college's mission along with more direct emphasis on transfer programs, degrees and certificates awarded,…

  4. Modesto Junior College's Student Success Plan: A Model for Student Success/PFE Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKuin, Kathleen

    This is a report on the student success model designed by Modesto Junior College (MJC) (California) in conjunction with the state-established Partnership for Excellence (PFE) program goals. The PFE program addresses goals of the community college's mission along with more direct emphasis on transfer programs, degrees and certificates awarded,…

  5. The Relationship of Size to Current Expense of Education in California Single-College Public Junior College Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrom, William Albert

    This study was an investigation of unit costs during the 1966-67 school year for single-college, California public junior college districts. The relationships between institutional size and total current expense of education, expenditures in seven major budget classifications, and expenditures in certain combinations of budgetary classes were…

  6. The Appropriateness of Using Three Measures of Self-Beliefs with European American, Latino/a, and Native American College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Payakkakom, Anusorn; Rayle, Andrea Dixon; Chee, Christine; Arredondo, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    The authors investigated the psychometric appropriateness of the Valuing/ Commitment to Education scale (A. M. Gloria, 1993), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (M. Rosenberg, 1965), and the Educational Self-Efficacy Scale (A. M. Gloria, 1993) for use with European American, Latina/o, and Native American college freshmen. Strong to moderate…

  7. The Appropriateness of Using Three Measures of Self-Beliefs with European American, Latino/a, and Native American College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Payakkakom, Anusorn; Rayle, Andrea Dixon; Chee, Christine; Arredondo, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    The authors investigated the psychometric appropriateness of the Valuing/ Commitment to Education scale (A. M. Gloria, 1993), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (M. Rosenberg, 1965), and the Educational Self-Efficacy Scale (A. M. Gloria, 1993) for use with European American, Latina/o, and Native American college freshmen. Strong to moderate…

  8. Study of College Freshmen Entrance Education Mode in the New Period%新时期大学新生入学教育模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鑫

    2016-01-01

    College freshmen entrance education, also known as college freshman tutorial or entering education, refers to the guidance and education activities organized by colleges to help freshmen adapt to college atmosphere, college learning and living environment, and formulate plans for academic development. Freshmen education is an important content of effective ideological and political education, which is the inner demand of college students' growth, and also the objective requirement of higher education personnel training. Through detailed assistance program and concrete education activities, the colleges and universities can help students settle down to make plan for their study and life. Freshmen education can lay a good foundation for the healthy growth and success of college students.%高校新生入学教育,又称高校新生辅导或始业教育,是指高校组织协助大学新生成功融入大学氛围、适应大学学习和生活环境、制定学业发展规划的指导性教育活动。新生入学教育是高校思想政治教育的重要内容,是大学生自身成长的内在需求,也是高等教育人才培养的客观要求。高校通过制定详细的辅导方案,开展具体的教育活动,使新生尽快实现学习定心、生活定位、目标定向、人生定轨、心理定型、行为定责,为大学生的健康成长、科学成才打下良好的基础。

  9. 探讨高职新生角色转换%On Role Conversion of Freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永端

    2012-01-01

    To complete a transformation from senior students to high-skill talents, freshmen in higher vocational colleges are required to change from the four aspects, i. e. , way of thinking, education model, learning methods, and daily routine, thus they can adapt to new environment, stimulate enthusiasm for learning, and complete studies successfully.%高职新生要完成从中学生向高级技能应用型人才的转变,需要从思想方式、教育模式、学习方法和El常生活四个方面实现角色转换,才能适应新的环境,激发学习热情,顺利完成学业。

  10. Topic Outlines in Microbiology: An Instructor's Guide for Junior and Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC.

    This resource guide presents subject matter organized in outline form for four topical areas: introductory microbiology; medical microbiology; microbial genetics; and microbial physiology. The first two units comprise the two most frequently taught microbiology courses in community and junior colleges. The outlines for microbial genetics and…

  11. Employment Realities of Recent Junior/Community College and University Graduates and Premature Leavers with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Mary; Fichten, Catherine; Nguyen, Mai Nhu; Budd, Jillian; Barile, Maria; Asuncion, Jennison; Tibbs, Anthony; Jorgensen, Shirley

    2015-01-01

    The goal of the current descriptive and comparative study is to develop a more comprehensive understanding of the employment realities of recent junior/community college and university graduates and premature leavers (i.e., those who drop out before completing their program of study) with disabilities. We investigate the following research…

  12. Languages for Communication Workshops, 1988: Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus. Final Project Evaluation Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane; Lively, Madeleine

    In summer 1988, Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus, conducted a series of eight 16-hour workshops and three 32-hour workshops for high school teachers of foreign languages. The workshops were intended primarily as in-service training to help foreign language teachers: (1) improve their oral proficiency in the language they teach; (2)…

  13. Computer-Based Acquisitions Procedures at Tarrant County Junior College District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbin, John, Ed.

    1974-01-01

    The computer-based procedures described in this report form the basis of book acquisitions performed by the Automation and Technical Services Division in serving the Learning Resources Centers of the multi-campus Tarrant County Junior College District. The procedures, which are off-line in a batch mode, have been operational since 1968. Since 1970…

  14. Languages for Children at Tarrant County Junior College: A Ten-Year Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane

    In response to requests of adult students for foreign language instruction for their kindergarten and elementary school aged children, and after researching the availability of such instruction in the area, Tarrant County Junior College developed a series of nonsequential courses of 12 lessons each on common topics such as parts of the body, the…

  15. User Study of an Online Library Catalog: Tarrant County Junior College District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wayland, Sharon

    1982-01-01

    Describes a study of the newly implemented online library catalog system at the Tarrant County Junior College District libraries, conducted to determine how heavily terminals were used and by whom, use of search aids, and user satisfaction. Describes the catalog and study purposes, procedures, and results. Includes recommendations. (CBC)

  16. Follow-Up Study of Santa Fe Junior College Graduates 1968-1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL.

    Characteristics, experiences, attitudes, and present status of 1968-70 Santa Fe Junior College (SFJC) graduates were determined along with existing differences between those now attending school full-time and those not doing so. A questionnaire was mailed to 1202 graduates; 666 (55%) responded. The results concentrate on four areas: demographic…

  17. Generalized File Management Systems: Their Implication for a California Junior College Data Base System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedrick, Robert John

    Criteria to use in evaluating data processing efficiency, factors of file and record definitions, convenience of use for non-programmers, report generating capabilities, and customer support for generalized file management systems for use by the California junior colleges are indicated by the author. The purchase of such a system at the state…

  18. Profiling of Junior College Football Players and Differences between Position Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert G. Lockie

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study profiled junior college football players. Sixty-two subjects completed vertical jump (VJ; height and peak power, standing broad jump (SBJ, 36.58 m sprint, pro-agility shuttle, three-cone drill, and maximal-repetition bench press and front squat. The sample included 2 quarterbacks (QB, 7 running backs (RB, 13 wide receivers (WR, 1 tight end (TE, 18 defensive backs (DB, 8 linebackers (LB, and 13 offensive and defensive linemen (LM. To investigate positional differences, subjects were split into skill (SK; WR, DB, big skill (BSK; QB, RB, TE, LB, and LM groups. A one-way ANOVA determined between-group differences. LM were taller and heavier than SK and BSK players. The SK and BSK groups were faster than LM in the 0–36.58 m sprint, pro-agility shuttle, and three-cone drill (p ≤ 0.009. The SK group had greater VJ height and SBJ distance; LM generated greater VJ peak power (p ≤ 0.022. There were no between-group differences in the strength endurance tests. Compared to Division I data, junior college players were smaller, slower, and performed worse in jump tests. Positional differences in junior college football are typical to that of established research. Junior college players should attempt to increase body mass, and improve speed and lower-body power.

  19. A Historial Analysis of Vocational Education: Land-Grant Colleges to California Junior Colleges, 1862-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comm, Walter

    To analyze the history of vocational education and the major influences which have affected its development in the California junior colleges, this study examined the 78 years between the passage of the first Morrill Act and the beginning of World War II. Emphasis was given to legislation and the major social and economic elements that affected…

  20. Suicidal Thoughts and Related Factors of College freshmen%大学新生的自杀意念及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧伟伟; 伍新春

    2015-01-01

    Aim:Understanding the time,reasons of suicidal thoughts and attempted suicides of college freshmen as well as their mental state when suicidal thoughts occurs. Method:Analyze their suicidal thoughts and related factors of 115 college freshmen by interviews and questionnaires. Results:The incident rate of suicidal thoughts of college freshmen is 0.5%,among which 61.73% had suicidal thoughts before they enter the college and 26.09% still maintain the thought. 12.17% of them had suicidal plan,and most of them give it up because of the consideraton of parents or relatives. Conclusions:Most of the college freshmen had suicidal thought in their senior schools because of academic stress and family issues. Parents play a complicated role in the suicide issues of col ege freshmen. Freshmen with suicidal thoughts usual y have mental disorders.%目的:了解大学新生的自杀意念出现的时间、原因以及未实施自杀的原因、当时的精神状态。方法:通过问卷测查和访谈的方法对115名大学新生的自杀意念及相关因素进行分析。结果:大学新生自杀意念的发生率为0.5%,大学之前就曾出现过自杀意念的学生占61.73%,大学以后仍有自杀意念的学生占26.09%,12.17%的学生曾有自杀计划,考虑到父母或亲人是未实施自杀的重要原因,21.74%的学生呈现出焦虑或抑郁状态。结论:大多数大学新生的自杀意念在中学时即出现;学业压力和家庭问题是高中时出现自杀意念的重要原因,父母在学生自杀问题上扮演复杂角色;自杀意念会伴随一定的精神障碍。

  1. A Comparison of New Cadets at USMA with Entering Freshmen at Other Colleges, Class of 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-03-01

    86.3 74.3 84.9 Be successful after graduation 21.7 20.3 21.3 21.2 24.0 Find job in nwn field after graduation 80.3"* 53.2 71.9 50.8 57.1 Adopt a child ...within a year after col lege? (skipIf married) . .0 0. 0-0 0 in our society ................ 0..-0... 0.. 0 Adopt a child some day...MacMurray College Madonna College Manchester College Mansfield State Colleye - Marian College of Fon du Lac Marietta College Marlboro College Mars Hill

  2. College Freshmen with Chronic Illness: A Comparison with Healthy First-Year Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herts, Kate L.; Wallis, Elizabeth; Maslow, Gary

    2014-01-01

    Over the past four decades, advances in medicine have decreased the mortality rates of many previously fatal chronic diseases. Children who would have died early in life are now living well into adulthood, and many are matriculating as college students. Data regarding the prevalence of chronic illness among college students, the college experience…

  3. 浅论高校新生入学心理帮助体系建设%Discussion on the Construction of Psychological Help System for College Freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 庞杰

    2012-01-01

    从新生心理健康教育的实践需要出发,探讨新生心理帮助体系的构建,通过新生心理普查,运用心理普查的结果,结合个体、团体心理咨询等途径进行心理帮助,并在保密和不干扰学生正常学习、生活的前提下进行后续关注与跟进,以有效实施对部分新生进行心理帮助。%Based on the actual needs of the mental health education of college freshmen, the article explores on the construction of psycho-logical help system for them. According to the college freshmen mental census and its results, combining the individual, group counseling and other means of conducting psychological help, under the premise of confidentiality and no interference with the students' life and learning, the article puts forward some useful suggestion on effective implementation of psychological help for college freshmen.

  4. Comparison of Student Self-Reported and Administrative Data regarding Intercession into Alcohol Misuse among College Freshmen Dormitory Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novik, Melinda G.; Boekeloo, Bradley O.

    2013-01-01

    Intercession into collegiate alcohol misuse by the Department of Resident Life (DRL) in freshmen dormitories at one large Mid-Atlantic, diverse, public university was examined. Freshmen dormitory resident drinkers (n = 357), 71% of whom reported alcohol misuse, were surveyed. Student self-report and DRL documentation, respectively, revealed that…

  5. Comparison of Student Self-Reported and Administrative Data regarding Intercession into Alcohol Misuse among College Freshmen Dormitory Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novik, Melinda G.; Boekeloo, Bradley O.

    2013-01-01

    Intercession into collegiate alcohol misuse by the Department of Resident Life (DRL) in freshmen dormitories at one large Mid-Atlantic, diverse, public university was examined. Freshmen dormitory resident drinkers (n = 357), 71% of whom reported alcohol misuse, were surveyed. Student self-report and DRL documentation, respectively, revealed that…

  6. Path analysis on the influencing factors of depression among college freshmen%大学新生抑郁状态影响因素路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余毅震; 秦泰然; 孙琳; 刘卓娅; 张萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the influencing factors of depression among college freshmen and the relationship between these factors.Methods A total of 1 247 freshmen were drawn from some colleges of one university located in Wuhan urban area by cluster sampling. Depression,personality and parents' rearing pattern of freshmen were assessed by using Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale, Eysonck Personality Questionnaire and Egma Minnen av Bardndosnauppforstran. The path analysis was employed to analyze the influence factors of depression of those participants. Results Personality characteristics such as psychoticism, neuroticism and extraversion had direct impact on depression of freshmen. Parents' rearing pattern such as father's punishment and over protection, mother's warm care or understanding, refusal and denial, favor and whether single child or not had indirect effect on depression of freshmen. Conclusion Depression among college freshmen is closely related with personality and parents' rearing styles, and should be prevented and treated with comprehonsive measures early.%目的 探讨大学新生抑郁状态影响因素及各因素之间的相互影响,为预防和干预工作提供参考.方法 整群抽取武汉某高校一年级新生1 247名,采用抑郁自评量表、艾森克人格问卷、父母教育方式问卷等进行调查,对影响大学新生抑郁状态的可能因素进行路径分析.结果 大学新生人格因素中的精神质、神经质和内外向性直接影响抑郁状态,父母教育方式(父亲惩罚严厉、父亲过度保护、母亲情感温暖、母亲拒绝否认、母亲偏爱被试)和是否独生子女则间接影响抑郁状态.结论 大学新生抑郁情绪与人格特质和家庭养育方式密切相关,应针对具体原因及早进行综合干预.

  7. Psychobehavioral Attributes of Body Image in College Freshmen and Seniors: Implications for Long-Term Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, James E.; Partridge, Julie A.; Maurer-Starks, Suanne

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: Understanding and assessing behavioral risk factors, particularly among college populations, is challenging for health educators. Similarly, issues affecting mental health remain unclear in terms of how body image evolves year to year in college students. A better understanding of how students perceive their bodies and to what extent…

  8. CAPP: A Comprehensive Preventative Program Model Addressing Alcohol Misuse among College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsotsis, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Alcohol consumption by college students in the United States has increased in quantity and frequency over the past five years. With this increase, there has come evidence of a rise in negative consequences caused by alcohol misuse. To help reduce these problems, colleges and universities nationwide have begun implementing alcohol programs for…

  9. CAPP: A Comprehensive Preventative Program Model Addressing Alcohol Misuse among College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsotsis, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Alcohol consumption by college students in the United States has increased in quantity and frequency over the past five years. With this increase, there has come evidence of a rise in negative consequences caused by alcohol misuse. To help reduce these problems, colleges and universities nationwide have begun implementing alcohol programs for…

  10. Features and Predictors of Problematic Internet Use in Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, R. L.; Lu, Z.; Liu, J. J.; You, Y. M.; Pan, Z. Q.; Wei, Z.; He, Q.; Wang, Z. Z.

    2009-01-01

    This study was set to investigate the prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among college students and the possible factors related to this disorder. About 4400 college students, ranging from freshmen to juniors, from eight different universities in Wuhan, China were surveyed. Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire for Internet Addiction (YDQ)…

  11. Relationship of Body Mass Index to Alcohol Consumption in College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary A. Nies

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Assess the relationship between body mass index (BMI and drinking in college freshman. Method. College freshman (N=199 at a university completed the drinking questionnaires. Drinking amount and the alcohol problem index (RAPI served as outcomes, and BMI was the independent variable. Results. RAPI scores were associated with gender, amount of drinking, and BMI (P<0.001, F=13.44. Increase of RAPI with drinking amount was larger for females (slope=0.06 than for males (slope=0.03. Conclusion. This information can be helpful when providing health promotion strategies to college students regarding nutrition modifications that would be most beneficial for their health.

  12. Does Marketing Really Work for Community and Junior Colleges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollar, Douglas

    1985-01-01

    Describes a study of the marketing orientations found in two-year colleges and their relationship to enrollment trends within these institutions. Reviews the diversity of marketing approaches employed nationwide. Sees enrollment trends affected by sound marketing management organizations, sensitive marketing intelligence systems, and efficient…

  13. Economic Choices: China after Mao. High School and Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education.

    This unit, developed for high school and community college students, has a two-fold purpose: to introduce students to free market and planned economic systems, and to examine China's recent efforts to supplement its planned economy with market mechanisms. The unit is appropriate for a variety of courses, including economics, social studies,…

  14. Football and Freshmen Retention: Examining the Impact of College Football on Institutional Retention Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2010-01-01

    Student retention has been one of the more researched topics in the study of American higher education over the past 20 years (Braxton, Hirschy, & McClendon, 2004; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005). Very little of this research, however, has attempted to examine the impact of college athletics on an institution's ability to retain students. This…

  15. The Practical Application of Promoting Positive Body Image on a College Campus: Insights from Freshmen Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Jackson, TeriSue; Reel, Justine J.; Thackeray, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    Background: Body image disturbances and disordered eating behaviors are prevalent across college campuses and can lead to psychological and physical health consequences. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gain formative research on the promotion of positive body image on a university campus with the goal of developing educational programs.…

  16. Football and Freshmen Retention: Examining the Impact of College Football on Institutional Retention Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2010-01-01

    Student retention has been one of the more researched topics in the study of American higher education over the past 20 years (Braxton, Hirschy, & McClendon, 2004; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005). Very little of this research, however, has attempted to examine the impact of college athletics on an institution's ability to retain students.…

  17. Football and Freshmen Retention: Examining the Impact of College Football on Institutional Retention Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2010-01-01

    Student retention has been one of the more researched topics in the study of American higher education over the past 20 years (Braxton, Hirschy, & McClendon, 2004; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005). Very little of this research, however, has attempted to examine the impact of college athletics on an institution's ability to retain students.…

  18. The Practical Application of Promoting Positive Body Image on a College Campus: Insights from Freshmen Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Jackson, TeriSue; Reel, Justine J.; Thackeray, Rosemary

    2014-01-01

    Background: Body image disturbances and disordered eating behaviors are prevalent across college campuses and can lead to psychological and physical health consequences. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gain formative research on the promotion of positive body image on a university campus with the goal of developing educational programs.…

  19. Exploring Message Meaning: A Qualitative Media Literacy Study of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashley, Seth; Lyden, Grace; Fasbinder, Devon

    2012-01-01

    Critical media literacy demands understanding of the deeper meanings of media messages. Using a grounded theory approach, this study analyzed responses by first-year college students with no formal media literacy education to three types of video messages: an advertisement, a public relations message and a news report. Students did not exhibit…

  20. A Phenomenological Approach to Social Motivating Factors for First-Generation Minority College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Washica L.

    2013-01-01

    It is more important now than ever before to have a diverse, highly skilled, and better educated workforce in order to compete in a global economy. Society has to increase the number of college graduates to ensure positive economic growth and, more importantly, to enhance society as a whole. Citizens who are better educated are more likely to vote…

  1. Benefits of Service-Learning for Freshmen College Students and Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eppler, Marion A.; Ironsmith, Marsha; Dingle, Stephanie H.; Errickson, Marissa A.

    2011-01-01

    Freshman honors students in a service-learning course tutored low-income English Language Learning kindergartners, first-, and second-graders in reading. We conducted two separate data collections, one assessing college students' attitudes and motives (Study 1) and one exploring the benefits for elementary school children (Study 2). We measured…

  2. Integration of CAI into a Freshmen Liberal Arts Math Course in the Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, Michael B.; Holton, Jean L.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses four computer-assisted-instruction programs used in a college-level mathematics course to introduce computer literacy and improve mathematical skills. The BASIC programs include polynomial functions, trigonometric functions, matrix algebra, and differential calculus. Each program discusses mathematics theory and introduces programming…

  3. Fewer Rebels, Fewer Causes: A Profile of Today's College Freshmen. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachman, Jerald G.; Johnston, Lloyd D.

    The opinions of nearly 17,000 college-bound and noncollege-bound high school seniors concerning a wide range of issues of both personal and social significance were surveyed in 1979 at the end of the senior year. Developing successful personal relationships, particularly a good marriage and family life, ranked at the top of freshman goals in life,…

  4. Identifying Student Traits and Motives to Service-Learn: Public Service Orientation among New College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Robert K.; Stritch, Justin M.; Kellough, J. Edward; Brewer, Gene A.

    2015-01-01

    Among college students, public service motives influence choice of major or job. Although the link between public service motives and prosocial behavior has been established among working adults, researchers have not adequately examined how these motives affect the reported behavior of precareer students. In this article, the authors explored how…

  5. Here Today, Gone Tomorrow? Investigating Rates and Patterns of Financial Aid Renewal among College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Kelli; Castleman, Benjamin L.

    2016-01-01

    College affordability continues to be a top concern among prospective students, their families, and policy makers. Prior work has demonstrated that a significant share of prospective students forgo financial aid because they did not complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA); recent federal policy efforts have focused on…

  6. Journaling and the Improvement of Writing Skills for Incoming College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hight, Jim D.

    2013-01-01

    Journaling is an effective tool for the development of writing skills and creative thinking; however, research has not revealed how it improves writing skills in the college classroom. The majority of the studies related to journaling are elementary school studies, which do not provide statistics on how journaling can improve writing skills for…

  7. Journaling and the Improvement of Writing Skills for Incoming College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hight, Jim D.

    2013-01-01

    Journaling is an effective tool for the development of writing skills and creative thinking; however, research has not revealed how it improves writing skills in the college classroom. The majority of the studies related to journaling are elementary school studies, which do not provide statistics on how journaling can improve writing skills for…

  8. Enhancing and Evaluating Mathematical and Scientific Problem- Solving Skills of African American College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Jennifer M.; Halpin, Glennelle; Halpin, Gerald

    2002-01-01

    Examined the outcomes of academic support programs designed to enhance mathematical and scientific problem solving skills among African American pre-engineering college students. Interventions included weekly scientific reasoning and mathematical critical thinking and problem solving workshops, mentoring by upper-class students, and an interactive…

  9. ERPs to Alcohol Images among Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Female College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Ceballos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Research suggests that young women, particularly Latinas, may be at risk for problem drinking during the home-to-college transition. In this study, we used ERP cue-reactivity to explore physiological correlates of alcohol use and expectancies across the freshman year in Hispanic (H and Non-Hispanic White (N-H women. In the fall (t1 and spring (t2 semesters of their freshman year of college, 40 women (16 H reported alcohol use and expectancies. At each session, N200 and P300 ERPs were elicited by two oddball tasks (counterbalanced within session: 1 to detect alcohol targets while ignoring control items (household object distracters and frequently presented nonsense shapes and 2 to detect object targets while ignoring alcohol distracters and nonsense shapes. P300 amplitude was larger for targets (versus non-targets and for alcohol images (versus control images, but did not change over time or differ by ethnicity. P300 latency results included time x target and ethnicity x target interactions. Latency differences for target images were attenuated at t2, and N-Hs were more reactive to stimuli classed as targets regardless of whether these depicted alcohol or control images. N200s had higher amplitude and longer latency at t2, suggesting a change with acclimation to the college setting, but did not differ by target status, image type or ethnic group. P300 latency was positively correlated with the personalismo subscale of acculturation indicating that individuals with more social, people-oriented personalities were more distracted by alcohol images when they appeared as non-targets. N200 amplitude was correlated with positive alcohol expectancies, and this pattern changed over time (t1 versus t2, suggesting subtle, expectancy-related changes in alcohol processing as students acclimated to the college setting. Taken together, these results suggest that the cue-reactivity paradigm described here may be a useful tool for examining subtle physiological

  10. Suicidal ideation and interpersonal relationship attribution in college freshmen%大学新生自杀意念与人际关系的归因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆德军; 柳迎新

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the suicidal ideation and interpersonal relationship attribution of college freshmen. Meth-ods: Totally 789 college freshmen were selected by convenience sampling and assessed with self-rating idea of suicide scale (SIOSS) and multidimensional-multiattributional causality scale (MMCS). 645 questionnaires were valid. Results: ①In this sample, the rate of students with suicidal ideation was 1. 1% . The attribution style possessed by college freshmen was inclined to internal attribution, as well as under the condition of interpersonal communication success and failure. ②The interpersonal attribution style was more tendency to extroversion in college freshmen with suicidal ideation than those without suicidal ideation. ③The interpersonal relationship attribu-tion scores (IRAS) and extroversion attribution were positively correlated with the scores of suicidal ideation. The score of suicidal ide-ation was positively correlated with IRAS, background and ability under the condition of interpersonal communication success, but neg-atively correlated with endeavor score; while it was positively correlated IRAS, background, fortune and ability under the condition of failure. ④The factors related to suicidal ideation were background under the condition of interpersonal communication failure, interper-sonal successful attribution, ability under the condition of success. Conclusions: Different interpersonal relationship attribution effect mental health of college freshmen to some extent. It suggests that the suicidal ideation of college freshmen are related to the interperson-al relationship attribution style.%目的::探讨大学新生自杀意念与人际关系的归因。方法:选取某一综合性大学2009届大一新生789名,收回有效问卷645份。采用自杀意念自评量表(SIOSS)、多维度-多归因因果量表(MMCS)进行调查。结果:①大学新生的自杀意念发生率为1.1%;大学新生在人际关系总

  11. Money Management Behaviors of Traditional-Aged College Freshmen and Sophomores: a Qualitative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Nick, Heather A.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore how students manage their financial resources. Data consisted of student records of their expenditures and income over a one month period of time, reliable financial documents provided by the respondents (i.e., checkbook registers, credit card statements), and individual interviews. This study was designed to gain a better understanding of the financial behaviors of college students at a large, public, research university. Specifically, this study...

  12. 大学新生社会技能特点初探%A Preliminary Study on Social Skills of? College Freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄燕菲

    2015-01-01

    社会技能(social skill)也被称为社会交往技能,它是个体心理发展的重要内容.对669名大学新生和高职新生进行了大学新生社会技能和自尊的相关关系的.社会技能和自尊心的相关分析结果表明,社会技能中的"社交性","对方的面子","利他行为"三个因素与自尊显著正相关,"关系主义"因素与自尊低相关.社会技能量表得分在性别、本科高职区分上的差异分析表明本科新生的社会技能要高于高职新生,其中高职女生的社会技能较其他大学新生低.%Social skills (social skill) is also known as social interaction skills, it is an important content of individual psy-chological development., we investigated the relationship between the social skills and self-esteem in college freshman with a screening of 669 college freshmen and freshman in continued education. Our study indicated that self-esteem was positively correlated to such social skills as sociability (SA), partner's Miazi (PM) and altruistic behavior (AB), while connection orien-tation (CO) negatively influenced the self-esteem. According to the social skills analysis scale based on educational back-ground and gender difference, the social skills of college freshmen was higher than that of freshmen of continued education. It was also found that women in continued education scored lower than other freshman in social skills.

  13. Student Ratings of Instruction at Teachers College in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Te-Sheng

    This study examined the effects of course level, class size, and instructor gender on student ratings of teacher performance at the National Hualien Teachers College in Taiwan. A total of 9,843 usable evaluation forms were completed for 440 courses (96 freshmen-level, 142 sophomore-level, 119 junior-level, and 83 senior-level) taught by 132…

  14. Psychological Stress of the Freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职新生心理应激特征的调查研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宗阳; 李韬

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查高职新生心理应激特征,为开展大学生心理干预提供理论帮助。方法:采用中国大学生心理应激量表(CCSPSS)对1800名高职新生的心理应激特征进行调查。结果:①高职新生心理应激量普遍高于全国常模大学生;②男生在量表各维度上的得分均显著高于女生;③独生子女在量表各维度上的心得分有高于非独生子女的倾向;④农村生源在发展分量表上的得分显著低于其他生源地学生的得分;⑤高职新生心理应激量在民族和专业上差异不显著。结论:高职新生心理应激受性别、生源地、独生子女与否等因素影响。%The objective of this research is to investigate the characteristics of the Higher Vocational fresh-men's psychological stress and provide theoretical help for carrying out psychological intervention.Using China College Student Psychological Stress Scale (CCSPSS)questionnaire,a survey was conducted among 1800 freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges.The results are as follows:First,The Higher Vocational Colleges freshmen's psychological stress is generally higher than the National Norm College students.Second,on the score of the scale,the boys are significantly higher than the girls.Third,only children are prone to higher than children with siblings.Fourth,in the development of subscales,the score of the rural students are signif-icantly lower than other students.Fifth,the national differences and the disciplinary differences on psychologi-cal stress do not exist.Our conclusion is that the Higher Vocational freshmen's psychological stress is affected by factors such as gender,region,and whether they are only children or not.

  15. Active Learning with Interactive Whiteboards: A Literature Review and a Case Study for College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Schroeder

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available A well-designed classroom that includes appropriate technology can inspire and support successful instructional design. Interactive whiteboards (IWBs, an example of this technology, have been adopted in Great Britain, primarily in primary and secondary schools. While the literature anecdotally suggests that there are benefits associated with using them in classroom instruction little has been written about their application and efficacy in higher education. The author describes an exercise designed for college freshman, and discusses the benefits of the group work and active assignments engendered by the IWB.

  16. The Discussion of the Effect of Irvin D. Yalom Group Counseling Intervention for Maladaptive College Freshmen%欧文·亚隆团体咨询对适应不良大学新生的干预初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雯

    2016-01-01

    本文从存在主义视角来理解大学新生的适应问题,并探讨存在主义的欧文·亚隆团体干预大学新生适应不良问题的适用性和效果。%In this paper, the maladaptation of college freshmen has been discussed in the perspective of existentialism, as well as the effect of Irvin D. Yalom group counseling intervention for maladaptive college freshmen.

  17. Self-efficacy and intent to use condoms among entering college freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joffe, A; Radius, S M

    1993-06-01

    We examined self-efficacy theory's ability to explain adolescents' intent to use condoms. In this study, 673 males and 404 females (mean age, 17.8 years) about to begin college, completed health surveys measuring self-efficacy regarding condom use. Perceived self-efficacy differed by gender and sexual experience. Regression analysis demonstrated that frequency of past condom use, perceived ability to talk with new partner about condoms and to enjoy sex using condoms explained 16% of sexually active males' intent to use condoms (p < 0.05). For sexually active females, explanators included frequency of past use and perceived ability to enjoy sex with condoms (R2 = 29.8%, p < 0.05). For never sexually active males, perceived ability to convince partner to use condoms and to buy condoms explained 16.1% of intent (p < 0.05); among never sexually active females, only perceived ability to convince partner to use condoms was significant (R2 = 6.2%, p < 0.05). Efforts to increase condom use should enhance perceptions of ability to negotiate aspects of condom use.

  18. 健美操运动对大学新生心理转型的影响%Effects of Aerobics Gynmastics on College Freshmen Mental Transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖佩文; 方金娴; 陈惜娜

    2012-01-01

    健美操运动作为体育运动项目之一,以高度的艺术性、强烈的节奏性、广泛的适应性及健身的安全性在我国迅速的发展起来。本文主要分析大学新生心理问题产生的原因,阐述健美操运动对大学新生心理转型的影响,提出大学新生如能积极参与到健美操运动将会缩短大学适应期,成功地度过心理转型时期。%As one of sports projects, aerobics sports develop rapidly with it highly artistry, strong rhythmic, wide adaptability and fitness safety in China. This paper mainly analyzes the mental problems of college freshmen, ex- plains the influence of the mental transformation, proposes that the college freshmen actively participating in the aerobics exercise can shorten university adaption period, and success through mental transformation period.

  19. Physiological Characteristics of Incoming Freshmen Field Players in a Men’s Division I Collegiate Soccer Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert G. Lockie

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Freshmen college soccer players will have lower training ages than their experienced teammates (sophomores, juniors, seniors. How this is reflected in field test performance is not known. Freshmen (n = 7 and experienced (n = 10 male field soccer players from the same Division I school completed soccer-specific tests to identify potential differences in incoming freshmen. Testing included: vertical jump (VJ, standing broad jump, and triple hop (TH; 30-m sprint, (0–5, 5–10, 0–10, and 0–30 m intervals; 505 change-of-direction test; Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 2 (YYIRT2; and 6 × 30-m sprints to measure repeated-sprint ability. A MANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc was conducted on the performance test data, and effect sizes and z-scores were calculated from the results for magnitude-based inference. There were no significant between-group differences in the performance tests. There were moderate effects for the differences in VJ height, left-leg TH, 0–5, 0–10 and 0–30 m sprint intervals, and YYIRT2 (d = 0.63–1.18, with experienced players being superior. According to z-score data, freshmen had meaningful differences below the squad mean in the 30-m sprint, YYIRT2, and jump tests. Freshmen soccer players may need to develop linear speed, high-intensity running, and jump performance upon entering a collegiate program.

  20. 有氧锻炼对新生灾后心理健康影响的研究%Effects of aerobics exercise on the college freshmen' s mental health after disaster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全晶; 李玉玲; 郭志平

    2012-01-01

    通过采用大学生人格问卷UPI,研究来自灾区新生参加有氧锻炼前后心理健康水平情况,找出有氧锻炼对其心理健康的影响进行比较,并对调查所得结果进行χ2检验。经调查,来自灾区新生心理健康水平总体较差,有氧锻炼对于改善他们的心理健康问题有显著效果;不同健身项目在Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ类新生学生人数上不存在显著差异,健身项目与学生的体育兴趣的一致性是减少学生心理问题的重要因素。鉴于有氧锻炼对促进灾区大学生心理健康的高效能性,有必要组织灾区大学生积极进行有针对性的有氧锻炼,来缓解灾区大学生的心理压力,切实关心来自灾区大学生的心理健康问题。%Adopted UPI questionnaire of college freshmen,research on college freshmen' s mental health before and after participating in aerobics exercise,aim to find the effects of aerobics exercise on the college freshmen' s mental health and comparing.The results of the investigation were examined by χ2 test.The results of this study indicated that the college freshmen' s mental health level after disaster was relatively poor in total,exercise have significant difference in improving mental health level.The exercise project consistency with freshmen's sports interest is the key factor for cutting down psychological problem of freshmen.According to significant influences of physical exercises on college freshmen's mental health form disaster area,it's essential to organize them to participate in aerobics exercise,in order to alleviating their mental pressure form disaster area,Caring for the mental conditions problem coming from the disaster area college freshmen conscientiously.

  1. A Quantitative Study of the "Free Modifiers" in Narrative-Descriptive Compositions Written by Black College Freshmen after Leaving the Influence of the Christensen Rhetoric Program and a Study of Their Attitudes Toward Written Composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Tyree Jones

    The purpose of this study was to determine what effects the Christensen Rhetoric Program, a method of teaching sentence and paragraph development, had upon the attitudes of 43 black college freshmen just entering Tennessee State University and upon the persistence of these students in using free modifiers after a lapse of time and instruction.…

  2. 大学新生适应能力的调查与分析--以湖南第一师范学院数学院2014级新生为例%Investigation and Analysis of College Freshmen Adaptability--Take College of Mathematics and Computational Sciences, Hu'nan First Normal University Grade 2014 freshmen as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕舞

    2015-01-01

    This paper takes Hunan First Normal University Grade 2014 freshmen as an example to investigate college fre-shmen adaptation ability. Methods:From academic (professional), individual personality, interpersonal, psychological exper-ience, attitude and behavior produced five dimensions questionnaire survey analysis. The survey found that overall hospital neonatal adaptive capacity is low. According to the survey, this paper recommends that similar studies proposed training fre-shmen adaptability.%以湖南第一师范学院数学院2014级新生为例调查了解大学新生适应能力。方法:从学业(专业)、个体性格、人际关系、心理体验、态度及行为五个维度制作调查问卷进行调查分析。调查发现该院新生适应能力整体偏低。根据调查,本文结合类似相关研究提出培养大学新生适应能力的建议。

  3. 大学新生高等数学学习策略的探讨%Exploration on Learning Strategies of Advanced Mathematics in College Freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄亚群; 李海燕; 张怀雄; 蒋慕蓉; 苏茜

    2016-01-01

    According to the problems of college freshmen in higher mathematics learning and combined with many years'teaching experience,this study explored the learning of higher mathematics course from the aspects of clear objectives,build confidence,master the methods and improve the quality,etc.The study was done to help freshmen adapt to the higher mathematics learning as soon as possible,improve the learning interest and learning efficiency.%针对大学新生在高等数学学习中出现的问题,结合多年的教学实践,从明确目标、树立信心、掌握方法、提高素质等方面就“高等数学”课程的学习进行探索,以期帮助大学新生尽快地适应高等数学的学习,提高学习兴趣和学习效率。

  4. Research on the information literacy skills of college freshmen and evaluation of the library literacy program at Hiroshima University Library

    OpenAIRE

    庄, ゆかり; 長登, 康; 稲垣, 知宏; 隅谷, 孝洋

    2011-01-01

    Hiroshima University Library offers an information literacy program to freshmen in their first semester which is a one-shot sixty minute session on how to search for and use bibliographic information. Student knowledge and sessions are evaluated through the use of questionnaires about their experiences using computers and pre-and post-tests using e-learning resources. While neither a strong correlation between computer use and information literacy knowledge nor direct effects of their learnin...

  5. The prevalence and related factors of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C-J; Chen, Y-C; Sung, H-C; Hsieh, T-C; Lee, M-S; Chang, C-Y

    2015-10-01

    Nursing students have particularly experienced stressful lives during nursing education. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate depressive symptoms and related factors in junior college nursing students. A total of 625 nursing students from a junior college in Taiwan were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Adolescent Depression Inventory, Situational Anxiety Scale and the Taiwanese-Chinese version of Stress in Nursing Students Scale. The results showed that (1) the prevalence of depressive symptoms among junior college nursing students was 32.6%; (2) depressive symptoms are significantly related to grade point average, interest in nursing, interest in their clinical placement, career planning after graduation, overeating as a stress-relief strategy, sleep problems, stress, and anxiety; and (3) anxiety, sleep quality, and stress are three major variables that can significantly predict depressive symptoms. Psychological factors may influence young nursing students' willingness to seek assistance from teachers. These factors should be considered when designing strategies to promote their emotional health and well-being. Nursing educators can plan appropriate strategies tailored to junior college nursing students' problems and needs, which thereby may facilitate learning experience and prevent depressive symptoms.

  6. Differences in Men's and Women's ESL Writing at the Junior College Level: Consequences for Research on Feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Lori A.

    1998-01-01

    A study of features of men's and women's English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) compositions (linguistic accuracy, readability, conformity to assignment guidelines) among a group of junior college students in Quebec found the two groups' writing of comparable linguistic quality. Superior marks received by women were found attributable to the way they…

  7. Strategies for Proficiency in Second Language Acquisition: Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus. Final Project Evaluation Report, 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane; Lively, Madeleine

    In response to the needs of teachers for assistance in developing second language speaking and instructional skills, Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus, designed a series of 10 16-hour workshops for teachers of foreign languages for summer 1989. The "Strategies for Proficiency Workshops" were intended primarily as in-service training…

  8. An Examination of the Teaching Strategies Practiced by the Full-Time Teaching Faculty at Manatee Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raines, Roy H.

    A random sample (n=25) of full-time faculty at Manatee Junior College (Florida) were surveyed by open-ended questionnaire to determine what instructional techniques were being used and to ascertain if the faculty had acquired minimal training in teaching methods and learning theories. A total of 16 different teaching strategies were identified. Of…

  9. An Analysis of College Freshmen`s Adjustment Problem and Coping Strategy Based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy%基于接纳承诺疗法分析大学新生适应问题与应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘希庆

    2016-01-01

    College freshmen will encounter a lot of obstacles in the school environment,self-image,interpersonal relationship and academic aspects,to help them navigate the adaptation has very important significance. Therefore,this article analyzes the cause of psychological barriers in college freshmen from acceptance and commitment therapy,and puts forward the specific strategies.%大学新生在适应过程会在学校环境、自我定位、人际关系、学业等方面遇到各种障碍,帮助他们顺利度过适应期具有非常重要的意义。因此,本文从接纳承诺疗法的角度分析了大学新生出现心理障碍的原因,并提出了具体的应对策略。

  10. Joliet Junior College and the 2015 International Year of Light's Cosmic Light Theme

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Cruz, Noella L.

    2015-01-01

    We teach "Descriptive Astronomy" and "Life in the Universe" courses for non-science majors at Joliet Junior College, Joliet IL. We also occasionally present planetarium shows at the college's planetarium. In 2015, we plan to highlight the "Cosmic Light" theme of the 2015 International Year of Light through some of our teaching and outreach activities. For several years, together with our students, we have participated in the Globe at Night light pollution program. In 2015, we plan to continue our participation in this program and we will continue to encourage our students to participate on their own from other locations. We will present a live planetarium show on Light Pollution in Spring 2015 as part of the college's Brown Bag Lecture Series. We plan to develop and present one or two live planetarium presentations that focus on studying astronomical objects across the electromagnetic spectrum during 2015. Also in Spring 2015, we plan to include projects that highlight the International Year of Light in our Descriptive Astronomy course offerings. Our poster will provide details of these "Cosmic Light" activities.

  11. A Survey on Ideological Status of Freshmen before Entering the College%大学新生入学前思想状况调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛宏伟

    2012-01-01

    为了更好地了解大学新生的心理、学习、生活等基本状况,更有针对性地做好学生思政工作,使入学教育有的放矢,对某院校2011级新生进行了此次问卷调查。并提出了相应的建议,包括扩大问卷调查的影响和效用;针对90后学生的特点,要思考运用新的教育方法;加强学生的宗教法律法规意识,打击校内非法宗教活动;引领新生做好生涯规划。提高自我管理能力;加强爱情观教育。%This survey is conducted to deepen our understand about college freshmen's basic situation of learning, campus life, psychological condition and so on, furthermore, to strengthen effective student entrance education, especially for ideological and political education. We investigated 5145 freshmen who entered university in 2011, and put forward the corre- sponding proposal: broadening the influence and efficiency of the survey; directing at the student who birth after 1990, it must think to use teaching notions; enhancing the religion laws and regulations consciousness of the students; striking illegal religious activities in the college;leading freshmen to complete career program,and raiseing self- managerial ability; enhancing the education of opinion of lover.

  12. Teachers and Tea-Fetchers – What the Future Holds for Japan's Junior College Graduates: Female student perceptions of the status, purpose, and value of a Junior College education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WALKER, Patricia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout Japan, enrolments in junior colleges, previously the higher education destination of choice for nearly 500 000 women a year at their peak in 1990, has plummeted recently to half that number. It is therefore of interest to investigate the quality of experience and post-graduation aspirations of the decreasing numbers of women who have elected to take up the short- term route. This study investigates the mission of the junior college in the 21st century, the quality and status of the courses, the extent to which they prepare women for their career goals, and the value of the exit qualification in the employment market. In an intensive period of fieldwork in a small college on the Tokyo/Yokohama borders in the summer of 2005 the views of students and their tutors were elicited. It was found that, on the whole, high numbers of women were resigned to the gendered roles for which they have been socialized throughout their life course but that a growing minority were resolved to use their junior college degree to open up possibilities for further study and enter an arena where their economic outcomes could be expanded.

  13. Expansion of Instruction in Foreign Languages: A Report on the 1987 Language Development Workshop and Internship at Tarrant County Junior College Northeast Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane

    In response to the need of local schools for assistance in introducing language study at the elementary and junior high school level, Tarrant County (Texas) Junior College (TCJC), Northeast Campus, designed a 5-week program in language development and methodology for prospective teachers that was designed primarily to develop skills in oral…

  14. The impact of an online prematriculation sleep course (sleep 101 on sleep knowledge and behaviors in college freshmen: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quan SF

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available College students have a high prevalence of poor sleep quality and sleep deficiency which negatively impacts their academic, mental and physical performance. A prematriculation course focused on improving sleep knowledge and behaviors may reduce sleep problems. “Sleep 101” is an online prematriculation course developed to educate incoming college freshmen about the importance of sleep in their lives and to recommend behaviors that will improve their sleep health. In a pilot program, “Sleep 101” was administered to freshman at four universities. The results of a voluntary survey after completion of the course indicated that there was an improvement in knowledge about sleep and the effects of caffeine use, and that students were less likely to drive drowsy and pull “all-nighters,” These pilot data suggest that an internet administered prematriculation course on the importance of sleep and the adoption of healthy sleep behaviors will be effective in reducing sleep problems among college students.

  15. 本科新生的职业/主修专业认同:人格与决策的角度%Career/Major Identity of College Freshmen: From the Perspective of Personality and Decision-making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秋颖; 苏彦捷

    2009-01-01

    Based on the idea and pattern for running Yuanpei College and with the principle of individual difference, this study probed into career/major identity development of college freshmen from the perspective of personality and decision making. 218 college freshmen completed the career/major identity development questionnaire and Myers Briggs Type Indicator G (Chinese Version). The results showed that college freshmen in different career/major identity status can take different action of exploration, decision making, and planning, and college freshmen with different personality types can perfect their personality through improved problem solving process in the decision making practice of career/major. It suggests that personality development, decision making, and career/major identity development are a unified process.%遵循元培学院的办学理念和办学模式以及个体差异性原则,从人格与决策的角度,探讨本科新生的职业/主修专业认同发展.218名本科新生完成了职业/主修专业认同发展问卷和Myers-Briggs Type Indicator-G中国版.研究结果表明,处于不同职业/主修专业认同状态的本科新生可以采取不同的"探索、决策、规划"行动,具有不同人格类型的本科新生可以通过在职业/主修专业决策实践中优化问题解决过程完善人格.研究结果提示,人格发展过程、决策过程和职业/主修专业认同发展过程是统一的.

  16. Faculty and Administrator's Perceptions of the Utilization of the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC) Program Review and Planning Rubrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, David H.

    2014-01-01

    California community colleges have been inconsistent in their efforts to meet the program review and planning accreditation standards established by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges (ACCJC). To assist colleges in their effort to meet the accreditation standards and to improve educational quality, the ACCJC developed the…

  17. Creation and Implementation of a Faculty Learning Community as a Model for Professional Development: Addressing the Needs of the General Education Faculty at a Private Junior College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marty-Pearson, Julie

    2012-01-01

    At San Joaquin Valley College, a culture of cultivating student learning through assessment was created in response to the Western Association of Schools and Colleges-Accrediting Commission of Community and Junior Colleges requirements for Fall 2012. In General Education, promoting and developing this culture has been more difficult with faculty…

  18. On Vocational College Freshmen Career Planning Education%高职大学新生职业生涯规划教育探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊华

    2014-01-01

    Career planning is a major issue in life, and it's the power source to achieve their goals in life. Therefore, career planning education increased emphasis on college as a student entering the final leg of the society, plays an irreplaceable role in career planning education. In order to do a better job during college career planning, should be grabbed when freshmen en-rollment.%职业生涯规划是人生一大课题,是实现人生目标的源动力。因此,职业生涯规划教育越来越受重视,高校作为学生进入社会的最后一站,在职业生涯规划教育中发挥着无可替代的作用。为了在大学期间更好地做好职业生涯规划,应从大学新生入学时抓起。

  19. A New Look at Freshmen Attitudes and Behavior Toward Drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minatoya, Lydia Y.; Sedlacek, William E.

    In a study of 404 University of Maryland, College Park, incoming freshmen who complete an anonymous poll regarding their behavior and attitudes toward drugs, approximately 60 percent reported using marihuana. Thirty-five percent said they used it once a month or more. Hashish had been sampled by about one-third of the freshmen, with 10 percent…

  20. Longitudinal Changes in Anthropometry and Body Composition in University Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hootman, Katie C.; Guertin, Kristin A.; Cassano, Patricia A.

    2017-01-01

    Objective: We investigated predictors of weight gain in college freshmen. Participants: A longitudinal cohort study followed a representative sample of freshmen (N = 264) from 8/2011 to 6/2012. Methods: Repeated measurements of anthropometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), physical activity, and diet were collected. We investigated…

  1. Comparative Study of Freshmen College Student Beliefs and Values between Representative Private and Public Institutions of Higher Education in Kentucky

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combs, Brian S.

    2009-01-01

    Students entering college for the first time are embarking on a life-changing journey like none they have experienced. The potential impact the college experience will have on their lives is extreme. Students will be engaged in class and co-curricular settings in ways that will challenge them to produce developmental growth that will carry them…

  2. Analysis on Factors Affecting Freshmen's Psychological Health in Art Colleges and Universities%影响艺术院校新生心理健康的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莹莹

    2014-01-01

    艺术院校新生面临着新的环境、老师和同学,大多数新生心理准备不足,因此普遍存在一些不适应,并带来心理上的困惑和问题。本文拟对影响艺术院校新生心理健康的因素进行分析,并提出加强新生心理健康辅导与教育的建议。%Freshmen of art colleges and universities are faced with new environment, teachers and classmates, and most of them lack psychological preparation, so inadaptability is a common phenomenon which brings about psychological confusions and problems. This paper analyzed the factors affecting freshmen's psychological health in art colleges and universities, and proposed suggestions on enhancing the psycholo gical health counseling and education of freshmen.

  3. The Relationship between Comprehension of Figurative Language by Japanese Children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders and College Freshmen's Assessment of Its Conventionality of Usage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oi, Manabu; Tanaka, Sanae; Ohoka, Harue

    2013-01-01

    Unlike their English-speaking counterparts, Japanese children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (HFASDs) perform as well as typically developing (TD) children in comprehending metaphor, despite lacking 1st order theory of mind (ToM) reasoning. Additionally, although Japanese sarcasm and "indirect reproach" appear theoretically to need 2nd order ToM reasoning, HFASD children without this comprehended these forms of language as well as TD children. To attempt to explain this contradiction, we asked college freshmen to evaluate the strangeness (unconventionality) of these types of figurative language. We aimed to test the hypothesis that metaphor, sarcasm, and "indirect reproach" might be evaluated as more conventional than irony, which children with HFASDs do not comprehend as well as those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The results for irony, metaphor, and "indirect reproach" supported the hypothesis, while those for sarcasm did not. Sarcasm is comprehended by HFASDs children as well as by TD children despite being evaluated as highly unconventional. This contradiction is discussed from a self-in-relation-to-other perspective. We postulate that a new explanation of disabilities of figurative language comprehension in children with HFASDs is needed instead of relying on a single cognitive process.

  4. Analysis of SCL-90 Test in Higher Vocational College Freshmen%高职大学新生SCL-90的结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王品; 陈金环; 张朝清

    2015-01-01

    本研究采用症状自评量表(SCL-90问卷),分别对2011级、2012级、2013级新入校高职大学生进行心理健康状况调查。结果表明:大学新生中度以上心理问题检出率为4.2%,主要表现为强迫、人际关系敏感、焦虑和抑郁。不同性别、不同入校年度的大学新生心理问题各异,入校新生心理问题不容忽视。%This study tested the higher vocational college fresh-men of grade 2011, 2012 and 2013 with the method of SCL-90 psychology evaluation test in this research. The results revealed that:There was 4.2 percent of students scored above 3 on one or more sub-scales. The most common mental health problems were paranoia, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety and depression. The psychological disorders were different in sex and entrance time, so they can not be ignored every year.

  5. Weight Gain Prevention for College Freshmen: Comparing Two Social Cognitive Theory-Based Interventions with and without Explicit Self-Regulation Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, Elizabeth A; Potter, Kerry L; Estabrooks, Paul A; Davy, Brenda M

    2012-01-01

    The college transition represents a critical period for maintaining a healthy weight, yet intervention participation and retention represent significant challenges. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of two interventions to prevent freshman weight gain. One intervention provided opportunities to improve outcome expectations and self-efficacy within a social cognitive theory framework (SCT), while the other targeted the same variables but focused on explicit training in self-regulation skills (SCTSR). Methods. Freshmen (n = 45) aged >18 years were randomized to a 14-week intervention, SCT or SCTSR; both included online modules and in-class meetings. Of the 45 students randomized, 5 withdrew before the classes began and 39 completed pre- and posttesting. Primary outcomes included body weight/composition, health behaviors, and program acceptability. Analyses included independent sample t-tests, repeated measures ANOVA, and bivariate correlational analyses. Results. Body weight increased over the 14-week period, but there was no group difference. Percent body fat increased in SCTSR but not SCT (mean difference: SCTSR, +1.63 ± 0.52%; SCT, -0.25 ± 0.45%; P = 0.01). Class attendance was 100% (SCTSR) and 98% (SCT); SCTSR students (>50%) remarked that the online tracking required "too much time." Conclusions. The intervention was well received, although there were no improvements in weight outcomes.

  6. Weight Gain Prevention for College Freshmen: Comparing Two Social Cognitive Theory-Based Interventions with and without Explicit Self-Regulation Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth A. Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The college transition represents a critical period for maintaining a healthy weight, yet intervention participation and retention represent significant challenges. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of two interventions to prevent freshman weight gain. One intervention provided opportunities to improve outcome expectations and self-efficacy within a social cognitive theory framework (SCT, while the other targeted the same variables but focused on explicit training in self-regulation skills (SCTSR. Methods. Freshmen (n=45 aged >18 years were randomized to a 14-week intervention, SCT or SCTSR; both included online modules and in-class meetings. Of the 45 students randomized, 5 withdrew before the classes began and 39 completed pre- and posttesting. Primary outcomes included body weight/composition, health behaviors, and program acceptability. Analyses included independent sample t-tests, repeated measures ANOVA, and bivariate correlational analyses. Results. Body weight increased over the 14-week period, but there was no group difference. Percent body fat increased in SCTSR but not SCT (mean difference: SCTSR, +1.63 ± 0.52%; SCT, −0.25 ± 0.45%; P=0.01. Class attendance was 100% (SCTSR and 98% (SCT; SCTSR students (>50% remarked that the online tracking required “too much time.” Conclusions. The intervention was well received, although there were no improvements in weight outcomes.

  7. Conference Report on the Annual Conference of the New York State Association of Junior Colleges (21st, Niagara Falls, April 26-27, 1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Association of Junior Colleges.

    This report examines four areas of faculty involvement in junior college activities. (1) In college governance, faculties are told to (a) look to self-government first and then, if necessary, turn to outside organizations, (b) seek a "golden mean" between communalism and instrumentalism, and (c) seek mutual equality, trust, and respect…

  8. GUIDELINES FOR HOSPITALITY EDUCATION IN JUNIOR COLLEGES, A MANUAL FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAMS FOR CAREERS IN THE HOTEL-MOTEL, RESTAURANT, AND INSTITUTIONAL INDUSTRIES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ALMARODE, RICHARD L.

    THIS REPORT DISCUSSES JUNIOR COLLEGE PROGRAMS TO MEET THE NEEDS OF STUDENTS AND INDUSTRY. THE STUDENTS RECEIVE BOTH EDUCATION AND TRAINING, WHILE INDUSTRY RECEIVES COMPETENT EMPLOYEES. BEFORE DEVELOPING THIS OCCUPATIONAL PROGRAM, THE COLLEGE SHOULD SURVEY LOCAL INDUSTRY NEEDS, OPPORTUNITIES FOR ON-THE-JOB TRAINING, POSSIBILITIES OF PART-TIME WORK…

  9. A Practical Approach to Teaching Library Skills to Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipschutz, David

    1984-01-01

    Describes a library skills program, developed as part of a student development course for college freshmen. Goals and classroom activities are described. Feedback indicated the program was effective in increasing knowledge of available resources. (JAC)

  10. Test and Analysis of the L2 Vocabulary Proficiency of College Freshmen from Various Batches%不同批次高校新生二语词汇水平测试与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金娴

    2012-01-01

    通过对高校录取四个批次上的四所高校新生二语词汇水平的实证研究发现:本一、本二、本三和高职的新生习得词汇量依次递减;女生的词汇水平均高于男生;影响新生词汇习得的因素主要有单词的频率和频次、词缀的习得、形似词的混淆和单词的词性等。%An empirical study of the L2 vocabulary proficiency of four batches of freshmen newly enrolled by four different colleges shows that students enrolled as the first batch by undergraduate colleges has the highest level of acquired vocabulary, which is followed by students enrolled as the second and third batches by undergraduate colleges and students enrolled by vocational colleges. The survey also shows that female students have a higher level of vocabulary proficiency than male students, and that the factors related to vocabulary acquisition of college freshmen include word frequency and occurrence, affix acquisition, the differentiation of homonyms, word classes, etc.

  11. 大学新生心理健康状况调查研究%Research on psychological health conditions of college freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽玲

    2014-01-01

    采用大学生心理健康测查量表(简称UPI)调查了1897名大学新生的心理健康状况,并分析其中是否存在不同性别、生源地等方面的差异。研究结果显示,一类学生存在比例为12.86%,女生、独生子女、家庭氛围为争吵或冷淡者、家庭收入极端者、来自离异家庭者中一类学生存在比例较高。根据结果,采取各种方式开展针对性的、更有实效的大学生心理健康教育工作十分必要。%Apply UPI to explore the psychology condition of 1897 college freshmen,to find if it is differ in gender,living place at the same time. As a result,the ratio of kind one is 12.86%,female students,students from only-child family,from terrible-tone family,economy condition of whose family is extreme,or the one from a divorce family have a high ratio of kind one. Adapt targeted and effective methods to deal with college students’psychology problems is necessary.

  12. How prepared are college freshmen athletes for the rigors of college strength and conditioning? A survey of college strength and conditioning coaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Susan M; Pope, Zachary C; Simonson, Shawn R

    2014-10-01

    Training programs for high school athletes have changed over the last 20 years. High school physical education classes have transformed into sport-specific conditioning classes with intensities matching college or professional athlete programming. In addition, involvement in private, sport-specific, training increased; but despite these advanced training methods, are high school athletes prepared for collegiate sport competition? An anonymous survey was sent to 195 Division I strength and conditioning coaches (SCC) to discern incoming college freshman athletes' physical and psychological preparedness for the rigors of collegiate training and sport competition. Fifty-seven (29%) responses were received. Strength and conditioning coaches stated that incoming college freshman athletes lack lower extremity strength, overall flexibility, and core strength as well as proper Olympic lifting technique. Strength and conditioning coaches also stated that athletes lacked the mental toughness to endure collegiate sport training in addition to claiming incoming athletes lacked knowledge of correct nutrition and recovery principles. These results suggest a lack of collegiate training/sport preparedness of high school athletes. High school strength and conditioning specialist's goal is to produce better athletes and doing so requires the strength and conditioning coach/trainer to have knowledge of how to train high school athletes. One way to assure adequate knowledge of strength and conditioning training principles is for high school coaches/trainers to be certified in the field. Strength and conditioning certifications among high school strength and conditioning coaches/trainers would encourage developmentally appropriate training and would provide universities with athletes who are prepared for the rigors of collegiate sport training/competition.

  13. The Digital Divide among University Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricoy, Carmen; Feliz, Tiberio; Couto, Maria Joao

    2013-01-01

    Use of new technologies in university training is an ongoing reality today. However, the inequalities that exist among university students are the source of an important problem. Such inequalities need to be detected and analyzed and therefore a study of college freshmen can be very valuable. This qualitative study intends to analyze the digital…

  14. Correlative study between mental health and sleep quality among college freshmen%某理工大学新生心理状态与睡眠质量相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婷; 劳永华; 曾伟杰; 支晓兴; 王瑶

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广州某理工大学新生的心理状态与睡眠质量之间的关系,探求协助新生适应大学新环境的方法.方法 采用由状态-特质焦虑问卷(STAI),匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)与自行设计的睡眠问卷组成的综合问卷对广州某理工大学大一新生169名进行问卷调查.结果 被测查的男、女新生状态焦虑、特质焦虑得分均高于全国大学生常模,女生的状态焦虑分值明显高于男生,而特质焦虑性别差异无统计学意义;19.29%的新生睡眠质量较差,新生的心理状态与睡眠质量呈正相关.结论 大学新生的心理健康水平较低,部分睡眠质量较差,且心理健康水平与睡眠质量呈正相关.建议通过辅导学生调整心理状态来提高睡眠质量.%Objective To explore the relationship between the mental health and sleep quality among freshmen from a polytechnic university in Guangzhou, in order to find a way to help the freshmen adapt to the new environment quickly.Methods By using a comprehensive questionnaire which consisted of the STAI, the PQSI and a self-designed questionnaire, 169 freshmen in a technology university in Guangzhou were investigated.Results Both the S - AI scores and T - AI scores in the study population were higher than the national norm.Girls had higher scores in S - AI, but no gender difference was found in T - AI.About 19.29% of the freshmen reported bad sleep quality.There was a positive correlation between the freshmen's mental health and sleep quality.Conclusion College freshmen should be given more advices on how to adjust their new life in campus and how to improve sleep quality.

  15. Development and Validation of Scientific Literacy Scale for College Preparedness in STEM with Freshmen from Diverse Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin, Thomas E.; Marks, Bryant; Demetrikopoulos, Melissa K.; Rose, Jordan; Pollard, Ethen; Thomas, Alicia; Muldrow, Lycurgus L.

    2017-01-01

    Although a major goal of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education is to develop scientific literacy, prior efforts at measuring scientific literacy have not attempted to link scientific literacy with success in STEM fields. The current Scientific Literacy Survey for College Preparedness in STEM (SLSCP-STEM) scale was…

  16. A Follow-up Study of Freshmen Who Left Montgomery College After Just One Semester of Attendance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Robert L.; And Others

    Students' reasons for leaving Montgomery College after one semester, dropout trends, current activities of nonreturnees, and the impact that the one semester had on their careers or course of action were elicited by questionnaires mailed to 389 students. A total of 120 usable questionnaires were returned. The data collected showed that: (1) the…

  17. The Effects of Grammar Testing on the Writing Quality and Reduction of Errors in College Freshmen's Essays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Wes; Mahoney, Kelley

    2005-01-01

    This experimental, statistical study investigated the effects that the testing of grammar and writing mechanics would have on the overall quality and reduction of errors in college students' essays for freshman composition. In the experimental group of 42 students, the professor assigned several exercises in grammar and mechanics as a review…

  18. A Follow-up Study on the Characteristics and Opinions of Students Enrolled in Occupational Education Programs or in University-Parallel Programs at Tarrant County Junior College District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarrant County Junior Coll. District, Ft. Worth, TX.

    To measure the success of the recently opened Tarrant County Junior College, a follow-up study was conducted to determine personal characteristics of students, their opinions of their studies at this school, and their post-Tarrant County Junior College activities. Surveys were designed for a group of students who had taken at least one…

  19. Self-esteem and Related Influential Factors in Military College Freshmen%军校新学员自尊状况及其相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐明; 刘华; 柴偲; 范志良; 卢慧芳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the self-esteem level of military college freshmen and related factors. Methods A total of 397 students in 5 groups in a military college were selected by convenience sampling in December 2011. All the subjects independently filled in the self-esteem scale (SES). Results The self-esteem level of the freshmen from more-than-one child family was higher than those from one-child family. The self-esteem level of the freshmen from the family with lower income was higher than those from the family with higher income. The self-esteem level of the freshmen with good major satisfaction was higher than those with lower or no major satisfaction. The self-esteem level of the freshmen with confidants, without social interaction difficulty, love troubles or study pressure was higher than those without confidants, with social interaction difficulty, love troubles and study pressure. Thee self-esteem level of the freshmen less affected by the strict management was higher than those opposite. Conclusion The self-esteem of the military college freshmen is influenced by multiple factors. The culture of their self-esteem should be highly valued and specifically directed.%目的 探讨军事院校新学员自尊状况,分析相关因素.方法 2011-12月,便利抽取某军事院校新生共397人,以班为单位集中发给自尊量表,独立填写完成.结果 非独生子女自尊程度高于独生子女;家庭收入低的学员自尊程度高于家庭收入高的学员;对专业满意的新生自尊程度高于对专业不满意和一般新生;有倾诉对象新学员自尊水平高于无倾诉对象新学员;与他人交往无困难、无恋爱烦恼及无学习压力新学员自尊水平高于与他人交往有困难、有恋爱烦恼及有学习压力新学员;对军校严格管理适应的新学员自尊水平高于适应差的新学员.结论 军校新学员自尊水平受多方面影响,应高度重视并且有针对性地加强新学员自尊感的培养.

  20. On the Role of Group Psychological Guidance in Promot-ing College Freshmen's Class Learning Style%团体心理辅导对高校新生班级学风的促进作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍中开

    2016-01-01

    为了探索团体心理辅导对大学新生班级学习氛围与人际氛围的影响作用,本研究通过以班级学风为主题的团体心理辅导,对174名大一新生以班级为单位进行为期三周的实验研究,实验结束后采用自编《班级学习氛围》问卷作为评估指标对实验组与对照组进行比较分析。分析结果发现,实验组班级氛围总分、找到共同学习目标的朋友、时间管理、自发学习活动、专业认识和人际氛围题项的得分高于对照组,且差异具有统计学意义(p<0.05)。统计结果显示,短期的团体心理辅导活动对新生班级学习氛围和人际氛围具有促进作用,文章并进一步就团体辅导对高校新生班级的适用性进行了讨论。%To explore the influence of group psychological guid-ance on college freshmen's class learning atmosphere and inter-personal relationship, this paper, through the group psychological guidance themed by class learning style, carried out a three-week experimental research on 174 college freshmen with class as the unit, and then used the self-made questionnaire of"class learn-ing atmosphere"as the evaluation standard to compare and ana-lyze the experimental group and the control group. It was found in the analysis results that the total score in class atmosphere, the scores in making friends with those who have the same learning objectives, time management, autonomous learning activities, professional understanding and interpersonal relationship of the experimental group are higher than those of the control group, and the difference is of statistical significance ( <0.05). It was indicated in the statistical results that short-term group psycho-logical guidance can promote college freshmen's class learning atmosphere and inter personal relationship. This paper then dis-cussed the adaptability of group guidance in college freshmen's class.

  1. The Influence of Outward Bound on Mental Health Development of Freshmen of Higher Vocational Colleges%拓展训练对高职新生心理健康发展的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红锋

    2014-01-01

    选取症状自评量表(SCL -90)对200名高职新生进行实验教学研究。结果表明:与常规体育教学模式相比,将拓展训练项目融入常规体育教学更有利于高职新生的心理健康发展,拓展训练对不同性别高职新生的心理健康发展均有积极作用。%The experimental teaching research on two hundred freshmen of higher vocational colleges has been conducted with Symptom Checklist 90 .The result shows that outward bound having been taken into conventional physical education can improve the higher vocational col-lege students'mental health compared with traditional sports teaching mode .Outward bound has the positive role for the different gender of freshmen in higher vocational colleges .

  2. ELSA 2016 Cohort: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use and Their Association with Age of Drug Use Onset, Risk Perception, and Social Norms in Argentinean College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilatti, Angelina; Read, Jennifer P.; Pautassi, Ricardo M.

    2017-01-01

    The transition from high school to college is a high-risk stage for the initiation and escalation of substance use. Substance use and its associated risk factors have been thoroughly described in developed countries, such as the United States, but largely neglected in Argentina, a South American country with patterns of a collectivist culture. The present cross-sectional study describes the occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use and the association between these behaviors and the age of onset of substance use and cognitive (i.e., risk perception) and social (i.e., prescriptive) variables in a large sample of Argentinean college freshmen (n = 4083, 40.1% men; mean age = 19.39 ± 2.18 years). The response rate across courses was ≥90% and was similarly distributed across sex. Participants completed a survey that measured substance use (alcohol [with a focus on heavy drinking and binge drinking behaviors], tobacco, and marijuana), age of onset of the use of each substance, perceived risk associated with various substance use behaviors, prescriptive norms associated with substance use, and descriptive norms for alcohol use (AU). The results indicated that AU is nearly normative (90.4 and 80.3% with last year and last month use, respectively) in this population, and heavy drinking is highly prevalent (68.6 and 54.9% with heavy episodic and binge drinking, respectively), especially among those with an early drinking onset (97.8 and 93.6% with last year and last month use and 87.8 and 76.3% with heavy episodic and binge drinking, respectively). The last-year occurrence of tobacco and marijuana use was 36 and 28%, respectively. Early substance use was associated with the greater use of that specific substance. The students overestimated their same-sex friend’s AU, and women overestimated the level of AU of their best male friend. At the multivariate level, all of the predictors, with the exception of the parents’ prescriptive norms, significantly explained

  3. ELSA 2016 Cohort: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use and Their Association with Age of Drug Use Onset, Risk Perception, and Social Norms in Argentinean College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelina Pilatti

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The transition from high school to college is a high-risk stage for the initiation and escalation of substance use. Substance use and its associated risk factors have been thoroughly described in developed countries, such as the United States, but largely neglected in Argentina, a South American country with patterns of a collectivist culture. The present cross-sectional study describes the occurrence of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use and the association between these behaviors and the age of onset of substance use and cognitive (i.e., risk perception and social (i.e., prescriptive variables in a large sample of Argentinean college freshmen (n = 4083, 40.1% men; mean age = 19.39 ± 2.18 years. The response rate across courses was ≥90% and was similarly distributed across sex. Participants completed a survey that measured substance use (alcohol [with a focus on heavy drinking and binge drinking behaviors], tobacco, and marijuana, age of onset of the use of each substance, perceived risk associated with various substance use behaviors, prescriptive norms associated with substance use, and descriptive norms for alcohol use (AU. The results indicated that AU is nearly normative (90.4 and 80.3% with last year and last month use, respectively in this population, and heavy drinking is highly prevalent (68.6 and 54.9% with heavy episodic and binge drinking, respectively, especially among those with an early drinking onset (97.8 and 93.6% with last year and last month use and 87.8 and 76.3% with heavy episodic and binge drinking, respectively. The last-year occurrence of tobacco and marijuana use was 36 and 28%, respectively. Early substance use was associated with the greater use of that specific substance. The students overestimated their same-sex friend’s AU, and women overestimated the level of AU of their best male friend. At the multivariate level, all of the predictors, with the exception of the parents’ prescriptive norms

  4. Organizational Structure in Multi-Campus Community Junior Colleges/Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Nai-Kwang

    The administrative structures and functions of multi-campus colleges/districts of the same size as the Community College of Denver (CCD) were investigated to determine the positive and negative aspects of multi-campus colleges vs. separate independent colleges and of centralization vs. decentralization of 38 administrative functions. A survey of…

  5. Survey and Analysis of UPI Among Normal College Freshmen A Case Study of the Freshmen in Hunan First Normal University%师范院校大学新生心理健康状况调查与分析——以湖南第一师范学院2011级新生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡雨燕

    2012-01-01

    通过使用UPI对第一师范学院2011级3964名新生的调查得出,大学新生的心理是健康和积极向上的。但调查也同时测出为UPI一类的人数有681人,一类学生的心理问题主要集中在"焦虑、抑郁、强迫"三个方面。通过回访面谈的方式,找出了影响大学生心理的主要原因,并就其现状提出了相关对策。%A survey was conducted by using UPI on 3964 freshmen in Hunan First Normal University. It finds that the freshmen are healthy and positive in psyche, but it also indicates that UPI class attendance is 681, and some students' mental problems are mainly concentrated on anxiety, depression and forced. This paper analyzes the main fac- tors influencing the college students' psyche by face-to-face interview and puts forward relevant countermeasures.

  6. Construction and Evaluation of a Diagnostic Examination in College Algebra for Freshmen of the College of Science, University of Santo Tomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Mark Louie F.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to construct and evaluate an instrument for determining student preparedness in College Algebra. A 73-item instrument covering prerequisite arithmetic and high school Algebra knowledge for College Algebra was constructed. The instrument was pilot-tested on a freshman population of 595 students. Results of reliability…

  7. ANALYSIS OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN'S VISUAL ACUITY IN ANHUI UNIVERSITY OF TECH-NOLOGY%安徽工业大学入学新生视力20年调查结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚锦

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] This study aims at investigating the current college freshmen's eyesight conditions and the major factors concerned, thus to offer good grounds for further measures taken for students' eyesight protection. [Methods] Measured college freshmen's eyesight through the E-type international visual acuity testing chart, then analyzed naked eyesight with the chi-square lest. The statistical analysis was applied to the final data. [Results] (1) The poor eyesight rates of male and female were respectively 80.67% and 85.46% and the female poor eyesight rate was higher than the male. The differential degree had a statistical significance (x2=21.85, P<0.05). (2) Among those college freshmen, male or female, with, poor eyesight, the rale of middle level of low eyesight was higher dian the light level of low eyesight, while the weight level of low eyesight was higher than middle level of low eyesight. The differential degree had a statistical significance. (3) The contrast between the 1980s-90s and the 21st century showed: The last two decades of the 20lh century witnessed the ever-increasing trend of the college freshmen's poor eyesight rale white the rate went to stability from the 1990s to the early years of the new century. [Conclusion] To best prevent college freshmen's visual acuity conditions from going worsening, more active and scientific measures may be taken for preventing and curing college students' nearsightedness on campus.%[目的]了解大学新生视力状况及其影响因素,为高校视力保健提供依据.[方法]采用E字型国际标准对数视力表对入学体检的大学新生进行裸眼视力检测,采用卡方检验方法,对数据进行统计学处理.[结果](1)男女视力不良率分别是80.67%和85.46%,女生视力不良率高于男生,差别有统计学意义(x2=21.85,P<0.05).(2)在视力不良率大学新生中,不论男女,中度视力低下率高于轻度视力低下率,重度视力低下率又大大高于中度视力

  8. Functional Analysis and Preliminary Specifications for a Single Integrated Central Computer System for Secondary Schools and Junior Colleges. A Feasibility and Preliminary Design Study. Interim Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Computation Planning, Inc., Bethesda, MD.

    A feasibility analysis of a single integrated central computer system for secondary schools and junior colleges finds that a central computing facility capable of serving 50 schools with a total enrollment of 100,000 students is feasible at a cost of $18 per student per year. The recommended system is a multiprogrammed-batch operation. Preliminary…

  9. EXCELLENCE IN TERMINAL EDUCATION, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL JUNIOR COLLEGE ADMINISTRATIVE TEAMS INSTITUTE (3RD, DAYTONA BEACH, JULY 29-AUGUST 2, 1963).

    Science.gov (United States)

    WIEGMAN, ROBERT R.

    THIS DOCUMENT IS A COMPILATION OF FOUR ADDRESSES AND FOUR PANEL PRESENTATIONS CONCERNING JUNIOR COLLEGE TERMINAL EDUCATION. CONSIDERATION WAS GIVEN TO THE NATURE AND PURPOSES OF TERMINAL EDUCATION, THE ROLES OF GENERAL AND SPECIALIZED EDUCATION, AND DESCRIPTIONS OF PROGRAMS RELATED TO TERMINAL EDUCATION AT THE NATIONAL, STATE, AND LOCAL LEVELS.…

  10. Analyis Report on Evaluation of Professional Personality among Freshmen in Higher Vocational College%高职院校一年级学生职业人格测评分析报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋剑祥

    2013-01-01

    从职业人格的内涵理解出发,简述了国内外的职业人格的研究与测评状况,采用美国职业专家霍兰德职业性向SDS测试量表,以云南省5所职业院校为测评调查对象,对高职院校一年级学生职业人格进行了测评调查研究。通过对相关统计数据的分析,提出了一些促进高职院校学生职业人格培养的建议。%Discussing the connotation of professional personality,it briefly reviews the research and evaluation of professional personality at home and aborad. Based on The Self-Directed Search by professional expert J. L. Holland,an evaluation of professional personality is conducted among freshmen in five higher vocational colleges in Yunnan as case study. Some suggestions on cultivating professional personality among freshmen in higher vocational colleges are put forward after analyzing data of the evaluation.

  11. 甘肃省地方高校师范类大学新生心理健康状况调查%Investigation of mental health statuses for normal freshmen among local colleges and universities in Gansu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛慧明; 穆小梅; 裴根祥; 秦婕; 孟宝林

    2015-01-01

    目的::探讨甘肃省地方高校大学新生心理健康状况,为改善和提高大学新生心理健康水平提供理论依据。方法:整群抽取2013年甘肃省3所地方高校大学新生9875名,采用大学人格问卷( UPI)量表测试大学生的心理健康水平。结果:甘肃省地方高校新生Ⅰ类、Ⅱ类心理问题发生率为4.88%,常见心理问题主要表现在思想不集中,记忆力减退,过于担心将来的事情,缺乏自信等方面;男女性别学生之间和城乡之间、文理科之间UPI评分差异具有统计学意义(x2值分别为20.09、12.03、15.56,P﹤0.01)。结论:甘肃省地方高校大学新生心理健康状况良好,少数新生存在不同程度心理问题,男生优于女生,理科生优于文科生,农村优于城市。应关注我省地方高校女生、文科生和城市新生特有的心理健康状况并进一步对其影响因素进行研究。%Objective:To investigate mental health statuses of university freshmen in local colleges and universities of Gansu province, in order to provide a theoretical basis for improving and enhancing the level of mental health of university freshmen. Meth-ods:By using cluster sampling, 9 875 freshmen in three local colleges and universities in Gansu province in 2013 were selected and investigated with the mental health level by university personality inventory ( UPI) . Results:For the freshmen in local colleges and u-niversities of Gansu province, the incidence rate of classⅠand classⅡpsychological problems was 4. 88%. The common psychological problems mainly were poor thought concentration, memory loss, too worried about something in the future, lack of confidence and the like. The differences among male students and female students, among urban students and rural students, and among liberal arts students and science students were statistically significant (x2=20. 09, 12. 03, 15. 56, P﹤0. 01). Conclusions: The mental health state of the freshmen

  12. 大学新生自杀意念及其影响因素的现况调查%THE STATUS INVESTIGATION OF SUICIDE IDEATION AND IT' S INFLUENCING FAC- TORS IN COLLEGE FRESHMEN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭文斌; 张剑; 冯小瑜; 廖剑; 林展; 肖常青; 刘建荣; 赵靖平

    2011-01-01

    Objective.. To explore the relation among influencing factors such as suicide attitude in college freshmen with or without suicide ideation. Methods: A total of 500 college freshmen from Guangxi Medical University were investigated by using Suicide Attitude Questionnaire(QSA), Self-Esteem Scale(SES),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS) and Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS). Results:About the suicide ideation was 29.07% in college freshmen. Most college freshmen were in conflict or indifference to suicide in the opinion to suicide behavior and attitude to euthanasia (score between 2.5 to 3. 5), and in positive attitude to suicide, condone or understanding to person who committed suicide or attempt suicide, and their family members (score under 2.5). College freshmen, with high level of depression, anxiety and self-esteem, trended to be positive to the opinion to suicide behavior and the attitude to euthanasia, to be negative to family members of suicider, to get less total social support, subjective social support, objective social support and lower utilization of social support, and to apply more passive coping style than those without suicide ideation. Three fac tors, depression, passive coping style and total social support, impacted on the suicide ideation (B=4. 647,, 0. 609,-0. 048) by using Logistic regression analy sis. Conclusion: Suicide ideation was affected by the three important factors, depression, passive coping style and total social support.%目的:探讨有自杀意念的大学新生的自杀态度等影响因素及其与自杀意念的关系.方法:采用自杀态度问卷、自尊量表、简易应对方式问卷、社会支持量表、自评抑郁量表、焦虑自评量表对广西医科大学2009级500名新生进行调查.结果:自杀意念检出率为29.07%,大学新生对自杀的性质、对安乐死的态度持矛盾或中立的态度(>2.5分~<3.5分),对自

  13. Community/Junior College Alumni: Initiative, Influence, and Impact. A National Forum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCracken, J. E.; And Others

    The development, operation, and benefits of community college alumni organizations are examined by four speakers. After J.E. McCracken's introduction to the topic, Thomas Ten Hoeve describes the alumni association at Butler County College and examines the role of the association in helping the college maintain updated files on former students and…

  14. 低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向状况调查%An epidemiological survey of internet addiction and internet addiction tendencies among junior college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静; 齐玉龙; 梅翠竹

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查低年级大学生网络成瘾及成瘾倾向,了解其心理健康状况及所采取的应对方式,为大学生网络成瘾的早期干预提供依据.方法:分层抽取安徽某大学一、二年级大学生190名,使用、和进行自填式问卷调查.结果:调查对象网络成瘾检出率为5.3%,其中男生8.1%,女生3.9%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);二年级为8.9%,高于一年级1.1%(P0.05);二年级为19.8%,高于一年级13.5%(P>0.05).网络成瘾组及倾向组与正常组比较,SCL-90总分及各因子分均高于正常组(P<0.01);在应对方式上,网络成瘾组与正常组在消极应对上差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),积极应对上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:低年级大学生网络成瘾及倾向者心理健康水平较低,且倾向于使用消极的应对方式.%Objective: To explore the cunent status of internet addiction and addiction tendencies of junior college students, and to study the status of the irmental health and the coping styles, so as to provide the basis for the early intervention for junior college students. Methods: Using stratified cluster random sanpling method, 190 college students of Anhui Province were investigated with " CIAS-R"," Symptom Check Scale List-90" and" Trait Coping Style Questionnaire". Results: Among all students surveyed 5. 3% of intemet users were diagnosed with internet addiction, including 8. 1% male students and 3. 9% female students. There was no significant difference between them(P >0. 05). It was higher in sophcmores(8. 9% ) than in freshmen(1. 1% ) (P 0. 05). There was 19. 8% of sophcmores, compared with 13. 5% of freshnen with no significance between them( P > 0. 05). Intemet addiction group and addiction tendency group, compared with normal group had significant differences in the total scores of all factors of SCL-90(P 0.05). Conclusions: internet addiction and addiction tendencies anong junior college students have lowermental healti and tend to use the

  15. Factors influencing student nurses' career choices after preceptorship in a five-year junior nursing college in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Whei-Mei; Chuang, Shu-Hui

    2008-05-01

    This study was conducted to explore the influence factors of a preceptorship in career choices following student nurses' graduations. A total number of 326 student nurses in their fifth year of junior nursing college were selected as participants. A validated and reliable questionnaire was used in this study. Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) for windows for percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation. The results showed that: (1) the first five factors influencing student nurses' career choices were good unit environment, nurse's professional role, self-professional knowledge deficiency, nurse's professional knowledge, and patient's and family's good feedback; (2) the correlation between the chosen field of practice and willingness to work after graduation showed a strong relationship in all areas. Notably, the preceptorship had an impact on student nurses selecting a nursing career. These results can give nurse educators guidance in preparing student nurses as they enter the work force.

  16. Strengthen Thinking of Career Development Plan Education in Freshmen Entrance Education of Disabled College Students%加强对残疾大学生入学教育中职业生涯规划教育的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩旭; 宋立峰

    2014-01-01

    The employment rate and employment quality of disabled college students not only have a bearing on the vital interests of their family and themselves, but also have a direct influence on the normal development of higher education undertaking about disabled college students and the establishment of harmonious society. Colleges and universities should effectively strengthen careers guidance about disabled college students and make it thoroughly. Career development plan should be specifically carried out in freshmen entrance education, so that disabled college students can have a visible direction in their career development, scientifically map out their college life and strengthen their own employability.%残疾大学生就业率和就业质量的高低,不仅关乎残疾大学生个人和家庭的切身利益,而且直接影响着残疾人高等教育事业的正常发展与和谐社会的构建。高校应切实加强残疾大学生的就业指导,实施就业指导全程化,在新生入学教育阶段,就有针对性地开展职业生涯规划,尽力帮助残疾大学生确立职业发展方向,科学规划大学生活,增强就业能力。

  17. A study to assess the knowledge about sexual health among male students of junior colleges of an urban area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayant Ramchandra Kalkute

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sexuality is an important part of personality of adolescents. The age of sexual debut is falling globally. The subject of adolescent sexuality is taboo in most societies. Since 2007 sexual health education program has been banned in six states including Maharashtra and Karnataka. This may lead to misconceptions about sexual heath knowledge and practices among young people. Objective: The aim was to assess the knowledge about sexual health among male students of junior colleges of an urban area and to evaluate the change in their knowledge after imparting sexual health education. Settings and Design: Pre-post-intervention study. Materials and Methods: All 245 male students of 11 th standard of all three educational streams of two junior colleges were included in the study. The data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences 18. Results: Science students had "adequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared to arts and commerce students (P = 0.004. Students whose parents were unskilled and semiskilled by occupation had "inadequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared with students whose parents were skilled by occupation (P < 0.05. Education of parents had positive effect on the knowledge about sexual health of students (P = 0.062. In posttest, the knowledge about sexual health of students was found to have increased significantly when compared to pretest. The mean posttest score was 12.61 (standard deviation [SD] 3.12, which was significantly higher than the mean pretest score of 6.34 (SD 3.23 (P < 0.001. Students from nuclear families had "adequate" knowledge about sexual health when compared to students from joint families (P = 0.158 Conclusion: Imparting knowledge about sexual health in adolescent age will be beneficial to the students in avoiding risky sexual behavior. Such educational programs must be given due importance to achieve desirable behavior change among them.

  18. The Countermeasure Analysis of the Five-year Junior College Students' Moral Education%五年制大专生德育工作对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    昝彪

    2014-01-01

    五年制大专是大专教育的一种特有教育模式。五年制大专学生入学年龄小、心理不成熟、适应环境慢,加之学校重视不够、德育目标不明、社会认同不高等因素影响了他们在大学校园健康成长和认真学习。本文从五年制大专管理现状和学生心理特点入手,针对五年制大专学生德育工作存在的问题,提出了几点对策,希望对从事五年制大专德育工作的同行有一定的帮助。%The five-year junior college is a special educational model of higher education. The five-year college students are en-rolled at a young age, and they are psychologically immature, so they can slowly adapt to the environment, coupled with inade-quate attention of the colleges, their moral education goal is un-clear, and social recognition is low, etc. All these factors affect their personal growth and academic study. Starting from the man-agement of the five-year junior colleges and psychological char-acteristics of students,and focusing on the problems in the moral education of the five-year junior colleges, this thesis proposes some countermeasures, hoping this will help teachers who work in the field of moral education of the five-year junior colleges.

  19. Suicidal ideation and associated factors among college freshmen from poor family%高校家庭经济困难新生自杀意念及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳苹; 李玲

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨高校家庭经济困难新生自杀意念现状及其影响因素,为高校心理健康教育工作提供理论依据.方法 随机抽取广州市2所高校新生10 924名,采用自杀意念问卷、大学生人格问卷(UPI)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、简明应对方式问卷和社会支持量表进行测试,并对其中3 057名家庭经济困难新生进行分析.结果 家庭经济困难新生自杀意念发生率为7.75%,非经济困难生为4.74%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);家庭经济困难新生自杀意念绝望、乐观和睡眠3个因子及总分均高于非经济困难学生(P值均<0.01),UPI,SDS,社会支持和消极应对方式得分高于非经济困难生(P值均<0.01);女生的绝望、睡眠以及自杀意念总分高于男生(P值均<0.05);UPI,SDS以及消极应对、主观支持、客观支持和对支持的利用度对自杀意念回归效应显著(P值均<0.05).结论 家庭经济困难新生自杀意念高于非经济困难生.应从影响家庭经济困难学生自杀意念的因素人手加强心理健康教育工作.%Objective To explore suicidal ideation and associated factors among college freshmen from poor family and to provide a theoretical basis for mental health education in colleges.Methods Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SOISS),University Personality Questionnaire (UPI),depression rating scale (SDS),and the Easy Ways of Coping Questionnaire and the Social Support Scale were implemented among 10 924 freshmen from two universities in Guangzhou.Freshmen who came from families with financial difficulties were included into analysis.Results Suicidal ideation among 3 057 freshmen from financial difficult families was 7.75%,while the average suicidal ideation rate was 4.74%.Factor score on despair,optimism and sleep and total score of these three factors,UPI and SDS scores among freshmen coming from financial difficult families were significantly higher than the average students

  20. A Behavioral Learning System in Foreign Languages at Tarrant County Junior College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane

    1975-01-01

    Since students enter a community college with varying backgrounds and educational preparation, one college uses self-paced individualized instruction in foreign languages. Activities include large and small group meetings, conferences with peer tutors and such materials as cassette tapes, slides and videotapes. Students proceed through modules at…

  1. Second Language Acquisition by Children: A Review of Twelve Years at Tarrant County Junior College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane; Lively, Madeleine

    The history and organization of a community college program in French, Spanish, and German language instruction for gifted elementary school children are described. The collaborative effort of the college and school districts, funded by the Federal Government and the Gifted Students Institute, provided 21 elementary teachers with methods training…

  2. How College Freshmen View Plagiarism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroll, Barry M.

    1988-01-01

    Classifies students' responses to a plagiarism questionnaire into six categories. Concludes that students take plagiarism seriously and that their reasons are based most often on fairness, individual responsibility, and ownership. (JAD)

  3. 大学新生口腔健康状况及口腔保健习惯的调查分析%An investigation on the oral health status and oral health behavior of college freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨旭; 赵树娟; 刘春灵; 杨小芝; 熊均平

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查大学新生口腔健康状况及口腔保健习惯,并分析口腔保健习惯对这一人群口腔健康的影响。方法:随机抽取大一新生1050人,女500人,男550人,检查项目包括龋病、牙石、牙龈出血、错牙合畸形和阻生牙情况;参照2005年第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方法,进行问卷设计,并对结果进行统计分析。结果:1050名大学新生患龋率34.86%,牙石检出率69.81%,牙龈出血检出率35.05%错牙合畸形检出率17.33%,阻生牙检出率26.95%,女生患龋率高于男生(P<0.05),男生的牙石、牙龈炎、错牙合畸形和阻生牙的患病率高于女生(P<0.05);农村学生牙石、牙龈炎、错牙合畸形的患病率高于城市(P<0.05)。口腔保健习惯是口腔健康状况的影响因素。结论:大学新生口腔健康状况差,需要加强口腔卫生保健的宣传教育。%AIM:To investigate the oral health status and oral health behavior of college freshmen. METHODS:1 050 college freshmen (500 females and 550 males)were required to fill a questionnaire for their oral hygiene practice.Oral health status was evaluated according to the criteria issued by World Health Organization (WHO)in 1997 and by the basic methods of oral health investigation and the third oral health epidemiology survey in China in 2005.The inspection item included caries prevalence,calculus index (CI),sulcus bleeding index (SBI), malocclusions and impacted teeth.Data were statistically analyzed.RESULTS:The prevalence of caries,calculus in-dex (CI),sulcus bleeding index (SBI),malocclusions and impacted teeth were 34.86%,69.81%,35.05%, 17.33% and 26.95%,respectively.The percentage of caries-affected females was significantly higher than that of the males (P<0.05 ).However,the prevalence of calculus,gingivitis,malocclusions and impacted teeth in the males was higher than those in the females (P<0.05).Students

  4. Investigation on AIDS/STD related knowledge, attitude and behavior among junior college students in medical college%医学院校低年级大学生AIDS/STD相关知识、态度及行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄翔; 陆杰灵; 苏国生

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the knowledge, attitude and behavior related to acquire immune deifciency syndrome and sexually transmitted disease (AIDS/STD) among junior college students in medical college, and to provide suggestion on the future health education on AIDS/STD and recruitment of low-risk blood donors for junior students. Methods The self-designed questionnaire and random sampling were used to investigate on freshmen whose number was 1 250 in a medical college. Results Respondents’ awareness rate of three major routes of AIDS transmission was from 79.67%to 91.79%. Nearly 9.20%of the respondents agree on the premarital sexual behavior. And about 18.7%of the students showed the fear to AIDS and they were reluctant to admit patients with AIDS. Conclusions The health education on AIDS/STD related knowledge should be made to be universal, and enhance sexual morality, safe sexual behavior and ethics training.%目的:研究了解医学院(校)低年级大学生的艾滋病/性病(AIDS/STD)相关知识、态度及行为的现状及性知识需求,为今后开展低年级大学生AIDS/STD的宣教和低危献血者的招募提供依据。方法自行设计问卷,采取随机抽样的方法对某医学院(校)大一新生1250人进行自填式问卷调查。结果被访者对AIDS三大主要传播途径知晓率为79.67%~91.79%;近9.20%的被访者对婚前性行为表示赞同;18.7%的学生表示对AIDS恐惧,并在将来的工作中不愿接收AIDS患者。结论普及AIDS/STD相关知识的宣教并增强性道德、安全性行为及职业道德的培养。

  5. Comparing Entering Freshmen's Perceptions of Campus Marijuana and Alcohol Use to Reported Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Gregg J.; Nguyen, Alyssa T.

    2009-01-01

    Use of marijuana and alcohol among current college students (N = 1101) was compared to the perceptions and use of entering freshmen (N = 481) surveyed before the start of classes. Entering freshmen significantly misperceived campus norms for marijuana use, over-estimating that almost every student used in the last 30 days, p less than 0.001.…

  6. Comparing Entering Freshmen's Perceptions of Campus Marijuana and Alcohol Use to Reported Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Gregg J.; Nguyen, Alyssa T.

    2009-01-01

    Use of marijuana and alcohol among current college students (N = 1101) was compared to the perceptions and use of entering freshmen (N = 481) surveyed before the start of classes. Entering freshmen significantly misperceived campus norms for marijuana use, over-estimating that almost every student used in the last 30 days, p less than 0.001.…

  7. Influences of Teaching Methods and Personality on Junior College Students in Macroeconomic Principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Saul Z.; Carr, Glenna D.

    1979-01-01

    Results of a study indicate that beginning courses in college economics should be taught with fewer lectures and more student involvement. Current events and group activities should be an integral part of classes. (Author/KC)

  8. The risk factors for impacting the oral health disease in college freshmen%影响大学新生口腔卫生疾病状况的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李高中

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨影响大学新生口腔卫生疾病状况的危险因素,从而建立预防与干预体系.方法:选择西安地区大学新生2 500例,进行现场口腔牙齿卫生检查与进行保健知识和行为习惯调查.结果:在2 500例受检者中,检出口腔牙齿疾病者1 200例,发病率为48.0%,同时男生发病率(38.5%)低于女生(58.3%),差异有显著性(P<0.05).结论:西安地区大学新生的口腔牙齿患病率高于全国平均水平,需要根据危险因素加强口腔健康教育,提高口腔牙齿卫生自我保健意识.%Objective To discuss the risk factors for impacting the oral health disease in college freshmen in order to establish a prevention and intervention system. Methods Selected 2 500 college freshmen,used on-site oral and dental health checks and health knowledge and behavior survey. Results 1 200 were detected the oral and dental diseases that the incidence rate was 48.0 percent,while the men incidence (38.5%) than women (58.3%) (P<0.05). Women., often eat snacks, bedtime eating,regular oral examination students' oral health disease were the main risk factors (P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence of oral teeth disease of the freshmen is higher than the national average, we need accord to the risk factors to strengthen the oral health education to improve oral and dental hygiene self-care awareness.

  9. 高职新生自主性英语学习能力调查研究%A Study of Autonomous English Learning Ability of Vocational College Freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹

    2012-01-01

    通过问卷调查的形式,探讨了高职新生的英语自主学习能力。调查结果表明:(1)新生的自主性英语学习能力整体水平不高;(2)女生的英语自主学习能力高于男生;女生自主学习的态度、动机以及对教师目的了解方面比男生好,自我监控,自我管理能力比男生强。(3)高分组英语自主学习能力高于低分组。高分者使用自我监控、自我管理等元认知策略的能力优于低分者。据此,提出了培养高职新生自主性英语学习能力的一些建议。%Based on the study of questionnaire, the paper probes into the autonomous English learning a- bility of vocational college freshmen. The findings of this study can be summarized in the following: First, the general level of freshmen's autonomous English learning ability is relatively low. Second, compared with male students, female students perform better in autonomous English learning especially in the section of learners' autonomous learning attitudes, learners' motivation and identification of what has been taught in the class, and they do better in self-monitoring and self-management. Third, superior to students with low scores, students with high scores do better in autonomous English learning and the application of metacogni- tire strategies such as self-monitoring and self-management. According to these results, the author makes some recommendations to foster vocational college freshmen's autonomous English learning ability.

  10. COUNSELING TECHNIQUES WITH POTENTIAL DROP-OUT STUDENTS IN JUNIOR COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KUNHART, WILLIAM E.; ROLEDER, GEORGE

    AN ATTITUDE QUESTIONNAIRE PREVIOUSLY FOUND TO BE SUCCESSFUL IN IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL DROPOUTS WAS COMPLETED BY 450 PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS AT MOUNT SAN ANTONIO COLLEGE. THOSE IDENTIFIED AS POTENTIAL DROPOUTS (N-186) WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO GROUPS OF 62 SUBJECTS. IN THREE 1-HOUR GROUP COUNSELING SESSIONS, ONE GROUP WAS SUBMITTED TO A DIRECTIVE…

  11. Instructional Objectives for Junior College Courses in Nursing: Medical Surgical Nursing I; and Obstetrics Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdy, Leslie, Comp.

    These instructional objectives have been selected from materials used at Golden West College (California). These objectives are offered simply as samples that may be used where they correspond to the skills, abilities, and attitudes instructors want their students to acquire. These objectives may also serve as models for assisting instructors to…

  12. One Paradigm for Vocational-Technical Counseling (Santa Fe Junior College Workshop, Gainsville, Florida, June 1969).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santa Fe Community Coll., Gainesville, FL.

    The purpose of this summer workshop was to enhance communication channels between the public school and college personnel, to acquaint public school personnel with resources for enlarging their counseling programs, and to expand upon the concept of vocational counseling. Presentations included (1) "New Dimensions/Problems in Secondary School…

  13. Instructional Objectives for a Junior College Course in Human Anatomy-Physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdy, Leslie, Comp.

    These instructional objectives, written by Norman E. Rich, have been selected from materials used at Golden West College (California). These objectives are offered simply as samples that may be used where they correspond to the skills, abilities, and attitudes instructors want their students to acquire. These objectives may also serve as models…

  14. Expectations Of Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA Stakeholders On The Ulul Albab Curriculum At A MARA Junior Science College (MRSM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umi Kalthom Abdul Manaf

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Ulul Albab is an educational programme of integration between the existing programmes in MARA Junior Science College (MRSM with the religious school programme including Tahfiz Al-Quran. MRSM Ulul Albab education programme is designed to produce professional experts, entrepreneurs and technocrats that are well versed in the field of religion-based Al-Quran and Sunnah as Ulul Albab generation. This study aims to explore stakeholders' expectations on the Ulul Albab programme in MRSM Kota Putra, Besut Terengganu towards students' sahsiah. The methodology used was qualitative in nature in the form of semi-structured interviews conducted with the four MARA stakeholders. Validity and reliability of data were done through several techniques employed such as member checking, rich thick description, clarification of researcher biases, peer review and debriefing, and external audit. The findings from this study indicate that inculcation of akhlak is fundamental in human capital development. This is the case because stakeholders believe that the main intention of the programme is to develop an Ulul Albab generation who are not only knowledgeable and skilled but also possess good qualities namely devotion, noble, responsible and committed to religion, nation and state. Aside from that, findings also showed that teaching and learning that is based on love is fundamental in fostering good akhlak.  

  15. A Study on Relationship Between Mental Health and Adaptation of Freshmen%大一新生心理健康与适应困扰的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁彦红

    2016-01-01

    采用大学新生适应量表(FARS)和大学生人格测验量表(UPI),对大一新生进行问卷调查,探究适应困扰与心理健康水平的关系。结果表明,心理问题的检出率为18.1%,专科生的检出率高于本科生,女生的检出率高于男生;不同心理健康水平的新生在学习方法困扰无显著差异,在适应性困扰及资源利用、独立生活、职业目标和人际关系上的困扰存在显著的差异(F=5.631~31.691,P<0.05~0.01);心理健康水平与在适应性困扰及资源利用、独立生活、职业目标和人际关系的困扰存在显著的相关(r=0.245~0.524,P<0.01);心理健康水平对新生适应性、资源利用困扰、独立生活困扰、人际关系困扰具有预测性(F=20.44~120.97, R2=0.06~0.28)。心理健康水平对新生的适应性、资源利用困扰、独立生活困扰、职业目标困扰和人际关系困扰具有显著的预测性,是影响适应性的重要因素。%Freshmen Adjustment Rating Scale(FARS) and University Personality(UPI) Inventory were used to freshmen to explore the relationship between the mental health and adaptability of freshmen. The results showed that 18.1% freshmen had mental health problems, there were more junior college students who had mental health problems than that of undergraduates, and more girls than boys; No significant difference existed in study of freshmen though freshmen's mental health were difference, but freshmen's adaptability, resource utilization, independent living, career objective and relationship were significant different in freshmen's different mental health level (F=5.631~31.691,P<0.05~0.01);Mental health level of freshmen significant correlated with freshmen's adaptability, resource utilization, independent living, career objective and relationship (r=0.245~0.524, P<0.01); Freshmen's Mental health level can predict their adaptability, resource utilization, independent living, relationships

  16. 医学专科新生口腔健康知识与行为调查分析%Investigation into oral health knowledge and behaviors among freshmen in Anhui Medical College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪成励; 柴梅; 唐旭炎

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解医学专科院校新生口腔健康知识及口腔保健行为,分析大学生口腔健康认知与行为差异,为有针对性地采取何种方式进行口腔健康教育提供基准.方法 随机抽取安徽医学高等专科学校1 100名新生作为研究对象,自行设计问卷,采用问卷调查的方法对学生口腔卫生知识与行为进行调查与分析.结果 大学生口腔健康行为总体较好,但健康知识与健康行为存在不均衡现象,对口腔保健知识存在盲区及误区.结论 不同特质大学生口腔健康认知和行为存在差异,需有针对性地制定口腔健康教育计划,加强对大学生的口腔健康教育,规范口腔健康行为,促进大学生口腔健康状况的改善.%Objective To know and investigate oral health knowledge and behaviors among freshmen of Anhui Medical college,and to provide basis for how to make oral health education among college students.Methods A survey with a self-designed questionnaire about oral health knowledge and behavior was conducted among 1100 freshmen in Anhui Medical College.Results College students' oral health behavior was good as a whole.However,the health knowledge and health behavior were imbalanced,and there was a blind area of oral health knowledge and misunderstanding.Conclusion There are differences in oral health knowledge and behavior among students of different backgrounds.Oral health education programs need to be established for the undergraduates of different backgrounds to promote the students' education about oral health and improve their oral health condition.

  17. 某医学院校新生的心理健康状况及其影响因素分析%Mental health status and its influencing fac-tors in freshmen from a medical college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁雅丽; 姚应水; 王金权; 陈燕; 丁书姝; 宋建根; 贺连平

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解某医学院校新生的心理健康状况及影响因素,为大学新生的心理健康教育提供理论依据。方法:对某高校2012级679名新生采用症状自评量表( SCL-90)、自制问卷进行调查,并通过多因素Logistic回归分析,探索影响新生心理健康状况的主要因素。结果:该校新生SCL-90各因子得分均低于全国大学生新生常模( P<0.05);SCL-90阳性检出人数为174,阳性率为25.63%;多因素Logistic回归分析显示:大学生活不适应( OR=2.946,95%CI=1.768~4.911)、学习负担重( OR =1.857,95%CI =1.125~3.064)、家庭经济困难( OR =1.545,95%CI =1.042~2.289)、有睡眠问题(OR=2.541,95%CI=1.356~4.762)及产生性幻想(OR=2.171,95%CI=1.250~3.768)最终进入Logistic回归模型,提示这些因素是影响大学新生心理健康的危险因素。结论:该校新生的整体心理状况优于全国大学新生常模,但仍有部分学生存在不同程度的心理健康问题,应针对影响新生心理的主要因素加强健康教育工作。%Objective:To investigate the mental health status and its in-fluential factors in freshmen from a medical college for theoretical basis for their mental health education .Methods:679 freshmen enrolled in 2012 in a medical college were surveyed by self-administered questionnaire on Symptom Checklist 90 ( SCL-90 ) basis.The results were analyzed with multivariate logistic regression to examine the mental health status and its relevant influencing factors.Results:The factor scores on SCL-90 were generally lower as compared with the national norm for college freshmen (P<0.05),and the positive rate accounted for 25.63%(n =174)by SCL-90.Logistic regression analysis showed that the factors,including ina-daptability to college life(OR=2.946,95% CI=1.768-4.911),heavy schooling burden(OR=1.857,95%CI=1.125 -3

  18. 大学新生的自杀意念及与生活满意度、幸福感的关系%Suicidal ideation to satisfaction with life and happiness in college freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳迎新; 黄文倩; 朱婉儿

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between satisfaction with life, happiness and suicidal ideation among college freshmen as well as the mediation of happiness. Methods: Totally 789 college freshmen were selected by convenience sampling and assessed with the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), General Happiness Questionnaire (GHQ) and Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS). A lot of 750 questionnaires were valid . Results: In this sample, the rate of students with suicidal ideation was 1. 6%. The scores of SWLS, GHQ were significantly lower in college freshmen with suicidal ideation than those without suicidal ideation [(10. 8 ±4.4) vs. (21.4±5.4),(11.6±4.4) vs. (20. 5 ±4. 2), Ps <0. 01]. The scores of satisfaction with life and happiness were negatively correlated with the sores of suicidal ideation ( r = - 0. 51, - 0.47; Ps < 0. 01). Happiness played a role of partial mediator in the relationship between satisfaction with life and suicidal ideation, the mediating effects accounted for 46. 8% of the total effects. Conclusion: It suggests that the suicidal ideation of college freshen are related to satisfaction with life and happiness, and happiness may play a role of partial mediator in the relationship between satisfaction with life and suicidal ideation.%目的:研究大学新生的自杀意念及与生活满意度、幸福感的关系,探讨幸福感在生活满意度与自杀意念之间的中介作用.方法:采用方便取样,选取某一综合性大学2009届大一新生789名,收回有效问卷750份.采用生活满意度量表(SWLS)、幸福感量表(GHQ)、自杀意念自评量表(SIOSS)进行调查.结果:大学新生的自杀意念发生率为1.6%.有自杀意念的大学新生生活满意度、幸福感得分均低于无自杀意念大学新生(P<0.01).幸福感得分和生活满意度得分与自杀意念得分呈负相关(r=-0.51,-0.47,P<0.01),幸福感在生活满意度和自杀意念间存在部分中介作

  19. The Use of Freshmen Seminar Programs to Deliver Personalized Feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henslee, Amber M.; Correia, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    The current study tested the effectiveness of delivering personalized feedback to first-semester college freshmen in a group lecture format. Participants enrolled in semester-long courses were randomly assigned to receive either personalized feedback or general information about alcohol. Both lecture conditions were delivered during a standard…

  20. Freshmen Marketing: A First-Year Experience with Experiential Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Henry

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes an experiential learning activity designed for a New England university freshmen course, BUS101-Marketing First-Year Experience (FYE). The purpose of the activity is to teach basic principles of marketing, develop a general perspective of business, and provide FYE activities that facilitate the college transition. The specific…

  1. Teaching Leadership: Graduate Students and Freshmen Learn from Ancient Leaders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Joseph M.

    This paper describes a pedagogic strategy that uses ancient texts for teaching college freshmen academic skills, habits of inquiry, and leadership. Applicability of these pedagogic ideas to a graduate course in leadership is discussed. Among the texts discussed are: (1) Gilgamesh; (2) "The Odyssey"; (3) "Oedipus the King"; (4)…

  2. Freshmen Marketing: A First-Year Experience with Experiential Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Henry

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes an experiential learning activity designed for a New England university freshmen course, BUS101-Marketing First-Year Experience (FYE). The purpose of the activity is to teach basic principles of marketing, develop a general perspective of business, and provide FYE activities that facilitate the college transition. The specific…

  3. Facilitating Student Engagement: Social Responsibility and Freshmen Learning Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingston, Lindsey N.; MacCartney, Danielle; Miller, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Human rights education is advanced as a method for promoting social responsibility, with an emphasis on promoting ideals of "global citizenship" among undergraduate students. At the same time, the practice of learning communities is widespread on college campuses for retaining freshmen and promoting student success. However, there is…

  4. Knowledge, attitudes and practice on cell phone radiation among college freshmen and sophomores%某高校低年级大学生手机辐射危害知识态度行为分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎艺然; 曾洁; 石璐; 代子豪; 俞天杰; 卢晓翠

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the knowledge-attitude-practice on cell phone radiation among college freshmen and sophomores,and to provide useful information for the development of the college students' health education.Methods By using cluster random sampling method,one class of freshmen and one class of sophomores were selected in one medical university and one non-medical university.A total of 345 participants filled in the self-designed questionnaire.Results About 98.84% of the students were aware of cell phone radiation.More than 70% of them knew that cell phone radiation was strongest when the signal was very weak,the moment connected and calling.The awareness rate among medical students and sophomores was higher than freshmen from non medical students (P<0.01).More than 80% of students cared about cell phone radiation and paid attention to protection information.Female (73.53%) were more likely to make a phone call when walking than male (62.62%).About 60% of students slept with cell phones under their pillows,with students from non-medical university being higher than that from medical university (P<0.01).Conclusion Education should be strengthened to promote awareness of cell phone radiation among college students,and protect them through changing incorrect cell phone using behaviors.%目的 了解大学生有关手机辐射的知识、信念、行为现状,为开展大学生健康教育提供依据.方法 整群随机抽取某高校医学专业和非医学专业的大一、大二各1个班学生共345名,现场填写自行设计的调查问卷.结果 98.84%的学生知晓手机可以产生辐射;对于信号弱时、刚接通时以及通话时手机辐射大的知晓率超过70%;多数医学生和大二学生对手机辐射危害知识的知晓率更高(P<0.05或P<0.01);80%以上的学生介意手机辐射危害并关注手机辐射危害防护知识;女生(73.53%)较男生(62.62%)更喜欢打电话时走动(P<0.05);60

  5. Suicide ideation and its relationship with depression and hope trait in college freshmen%大学新生的自杀意念与抑郁情绪、希望特质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安静; 孙启武; 郭兰; 童永胜; 张亚利; 李献云; 黄悦勤

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨大学新生自杀意念的检出率,以及与抑郁情绪、希望特质之间的关系.方法:选取某大学一年级全部新生4372名,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)第15项评估自杀意念,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、希望量表(DHS)评估抑郁症状和希望特质.收回有效问卷4211份.结果:大学新生自杀意念发生率为4.5%( 189/4211),女生自杀意念率高于男生(6.7%vs.3.7%,P<0.05).有自杀意念学生的SDS得分高于无自杀意念者[(42.0±7.3) vs. (34.2±6.3),P<0.05],DHS得分低于无自杀意念者[(43.6±8.8) vs. (49.8±8.1),P<0.05].SDS得分越高,越容易产生自杀意念(OR=1.15,P<0.01);而DHS得分越高,自杀意念产生的可能性越小(OR=0.95,P<0.05).结论:本研究发现提示大学新生自杀意念的产生可能与抑郁情绪相关,而希望特质可能是保护因素,对有自杀意念的大学生应重视抑郁情绪的评估.%Objectives: To explore the relationship of suicide ideation with depression and hope trait in college freshmen. Methods: In the selected 4372 freshmen in one university, 4211 finished the questionnaire. They were assessed with the item 15 of Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) to evaluate suicide ideation, and assessed with the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Dispositional Hope Scale (DHS) to evaluate depression symptom and hope trait respectively. Results: The suicide ideation rate in the previous week was4. 5% (189/4211) in this sample. The suicide rate was higher in females than in males (6. 7% vs. 3. 7%, P < 0. 05). The score of SDS in the students with suicide ideation was higher than ones without [ (42. 0 ± 7. 3) vs. (34. 2 ± 6. 3), P < 0.05 ], and the score of DHS in the students with suicide ideation was lower than in ones without [ (43. 6 ± 8. 8) vs. (49. 8 ± 8. 1), P<0. 05]. The higher of the score of SDS, the more likely to have the suicide ideation (OR = 1. 15, P <0. 01), while the higher of the score of DHS, the more unlikely to

  6. [An examination of the relationships among career decision-making self-efficacy, vocational motives, and vocational indecision: a study of women's junior college students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, T

    2001-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine a causal model leading to the tendency of women's junior college students to delay vocational decisions. The model assumes that Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (CDMSE) determines vocational motives, which in turn affect the tendency. A questionnaire was administered to 431, 199 first-year and 232 second-year, women's junior college students. CDMSE was measured with self-efficacy for self-appraisal and occupational information-gathering, and vocational motives were self-improvement, interpersonal, and status motives. Results showed that self-efficacy for self-appraisal influenced self-improvement motive for both first-year and second-year students. Self-improvement motive and the self-efficacy then influenced vocational indecision among second-year students. Self-efficacy for information-gathering influenced vocational indecision among first-year students. These findings suggest that college vocational guidance should take self-efficacy and vocational motives into account.

  7. Influencing Factors of Career Planning Education for Graduate from Junior College Student to University Student in Independent College%独立院校专升本职业规划教育的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立青; 朱性海; 李静超

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对独立学院专升本学生职业规划的现状分析,讨论影响专升本学生职业规划教育的主要影响因素,为提高学生职业生涯规划的能力寻找途径。%  This article analyzes the status quo of career planning for graduate from junior college student to university student in independent colleges, discusses the main influencing factors of career planning education, giving the approach to improving students' ability in career planning.

  8. 基于SCL-90量表下高职院校新生主要心理问题成因及干预对策的实效性研究--以湖南汽车工程职业学院为例%An Effective Study on the Causes and Countermeasures of Mental Health Problem of Freshmen from Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Symptom Check List-90--A case study of Hunan vocational college of automotive engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈朝晖

    2016-01-01

    本研究采用《SCL-90症状自评量表》对所选取的高职院校大学新生进行心理健康状况测查,结果显示:高职新生中强迫症状、人际关系敏感、敌对、焦虑这4项发生率高,抑郁、偏执、恐怖等方面心理问题发生率相对较高,躯体化、精神病性的发生率也不少。本文研究探讨了针对高职新生主要心理问题的成因和干预对策。%The mental health survey on freshmen from selecting vocational colleges has been conducted with Symptom Check List-90. Results showed that the freshmen in vocational colleges suffer in greater incidence rate from obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, anxiety. And the incidence rate of symptom as depression, paranoia, terror is relatively high, and incidence of psychological problems and the incidence of psychotic are not less. The survey has also discussed about the causes and countermeasures of mental health problems of the freshmen from higher vocational colleges and has given some countermeasures.

  9. Investigation and Analysis of Mental Health Problem of Freshmen from Higher Vocational Colleges based on Symptom Check List-90%基于SCL-90的高等职业院校新生心理健康问题调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴松; 秦素粉

    2011-01-01

    采用《SCL-90症状自评量表》对重庆市6所高职院校的2010级新生进行心理健康调查,结果显示:因子大于或等于2.5的心理问题检出率为32.2%,主要表现为强迫症状、人际关系敏感、抑郁和敌对.分别从个体自我认知、学校教育环境、家庭和社会的影响等因素进行了深入分析,提出改进高职新生心理健康状况的对策.%The mental health survey on 2010 freshmen from six Chongqing higher vocational colleges has been conducted with Symptom Check List-90. The result shows that factor greater than or equal to 2. 5 of the mental health problems arrives 32. 2%. These students suffer from such symptoms as obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, oppression and hostility. Based on the basic survey data, the internal and external factors that affect the mental health of freshmen have been deeply analyzed from the aspects of individual self-awareness, education environment, family and society influence so that to present measures to improve the mental health condition of freshmen of vocational colleges.

  10. 谈高职新生高等数学学习中教与学的过渡%The Transition of Teaching and Learning Methods in Higher Vocational College Freshmen's Study in Advanced Mathematics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓春

    2015-01-01

    对于新生而言,高职数学课程在学习目标、要求、方法和教师的教学方法、指导方法等多方面与高中大不相同,因此必然会经历从不适应到适应的过程。师生应当积极调整观念,实施适合的教与学方法,顺利实现教与学的过渡。%For higher vocational college freshmen, the mathemat-ics course is greatly different from that of senior high school from learning objectives, requirements, methods, and teachers' teach-ing and guiding methods, which will inevitably make them expe-rience a process in which they gradually adapt to it. Teachers and students should actively adjust their ideas and implement appro-priate teaching and learning methods, so as to achieve the transi-tion of teaching and learning.

  11. 群体动力学视角下新生适应性集体活动的组织与实施%Organizing and Conducting Adaptive Group Activities among College Freshmen from the Perspective of Group Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于超美; 叶威惠

    2014-01-01

    文章在对新生群体、新生适应性问题进行分类分析的基础上,从群体动力学的角度对解决新生适应问题进行审视,对针对新生适应性问题开展的集体活动的组织与实施进行探讨,在实证基础上阐述并完善大型集体活动牵引个体心理建设,进一步提升育人效果。%After analyzing the group characteristics of college freshmen and their adaptive problems, this article examines from the perspective of group dynamics how to solve the problems and discusses how to organize and conduct group activities aimed at the problems.It gives an evidence based expla-nation of how well designed large scale group activities can help build individual psychology and en-hance education.

  12. Constance Mellon Demonstrated that College Freshmen Are Afraid of Academic Libraries. A review of: Mellon, Constance A. “Library Anxiety: A Grounded Theory and Its Development.” College & Research Libraries 47 (1986: 160-65.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Bailey

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To better understand the feelings of college freshmen engaged in their first research project using an academic library.Design – Interpretive study involving analysis of personal writing describing the students’ research process and their reactions to it.Setting – A medium-sized public university in the southeastern United States.Subjects – Students in freshman English courses.Methods – English instructors assigned students to maintain search journals in which the students recorded a detailed description of their research process and the feelings they experienced while conducting research. In addition, students had to write an end-of- semester, in-class essay in which they discussed their initial reactions to the research project and how their feelings evolved over the semester. The journals and essays were analyzed using the “constant comparative” method developed by Glaser and Strauss to identify “recurrent ‘themes’” (161. Main Results – 75 to 85 per cent of the students reported feelings of “fear or anxiety” when confronted with the research assignment. More specifically, they expressed a sense of being “lost”. This feeling derived from four causes: “(1 the size of the library; (2 a lack of knowledge about where things were located; (3 how to begin, and (4 what to do” (162. Spurred by the question of why students did not seek help from their professors or a librarian, Mellon re-examined the data and uncovered two additional prevalent feelings. Most students tended to believe that their fellow students did not share their lack of library skills. They were ashamed of what they considered their own inadequacy and were, therefore, unwilling to reveal it by asking for assistance (162.Conclusions – The original objective of Mellon’s study was to gain information that would be useful in improving bibliographic instruction in her library. The discovery of the extent of students’ apprehension

  13. 当前师范专科生休闲教育策略探讨%Exploration on the Strategies of Leisure Education for the Current Junior Normal College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯艳丽

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the effectiveness of leisure educa-tion for the current junior normal college students, we should strive to construct a complete ecological system for leisure educa-tion, starting from the government, schools, families, the society and junior normal college students themselves.%为了提高当前师范专科生休闲教育的实效性,我们必须从政府、学校、家庭、社会以及师范专科生自身出发,努力构建休闲教育的完整生态系统。

  14. Effect of group psychotherapy on remission of adjustment disorder in college freshmen%团体心理疗法缓解大学新生适应障碍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓旭阳; 郭晋林; 王小玲; 何壮湘; 李卉; 李辉; 姜婷娜

    2004-01-01

    of group psychotherapy on adjustment disorder in mass sample is still very few.OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of group psychotherapy for eliminating adjustment disorder symptoms of college freshmen.DESIGN: A retrospective control study.SETTING, PARTICIPANTS and INTERVENTIONS: Symptom Check(SGL-90) and psychological clinic interview were used in the study. Totally 1 126 freshmen from either 1999 or 2000 grades of Nanjing Medical College were adopted for screening adjustment disorder, which were randomly divided into two groups with 30 patients in each group. Basic techniques of group therapy, such as group discussion, psychodrama and relaxation were applied, and selfassessing scale and SCL-90 were combined for self-comparison after treatment.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Ghanges of mental health and self-worth of freshman were identified after treatment.served in participant(7.10 ± 1.40, 7.23 ± 1.48), self-confidence(5.87 ±2.14,7.48±1.70) andothers (t=2.01, P <0.05, t=3.37, P <0.01);While 2000 grade freshmen showed obvious improvements in sharing experience with others after treatment( t = 2.41, P < 0.05), particularly in participation with higher significance(t = 3.05, P < 0.01), as well as in caring Post-treatment sonatization, interpersonal communication, depression, obsessive-compulsion, anxiety, phobia and psychoticism were significantly higher than those of pretreatment in 1999 grade freshmen( t = 2.26-2.50, P <0.05; t = 2.88-3.15, P < 0.01), the same as somatization, phobia and depression of 2000 grade freshmen( t = 2.67, 2.10, P < 0.05; t = 2. 94, P <groups, revealing higher significant difference in caring about others, responsibility and understanding others before treatment( t = 2.09, P < 0.05; t =2.80, P < 0.01; t = 3.82, P < 0. 001), and obviously difference in four items including caring about others, self-confidence and so on( t = 2.47,2.17, P < 0.01); post-treatment mental health was compared with that of pretreatment in both

  15. The Self-efficacy of Junior Faculty in Independent Colleges%独立学院青年教师自我效能感及其提升策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢乔昕

    2016-01-01

    Due to the uncertainty of the development of the independent college and the stage of the career, the self-efficacy of junior faculty of independent colleges has its characteristics. The influencing factors of the self-efficacy of junior faculty in independ-ent colleges are mainly from two aspects:the independent college and the teachers. According to the analytical results, the cultiva-tion system of junior faculty should be improved, attribution guidance should be enhanced and the scientific evaluation system and effective incentive mechanism should be established for improving the self-efficacy of junior faculty in independent colleges.%由于独立学院发展以及职业生涯所处阶段的不确定性,独立学院青年教师自我效能感培养具有其特殊性。独立学院青年教师自我效能感的主要影响因素来源于独立学院与教师自身两方面。要提升独立学院青年教师自我效能感,可通过构建完善青年教师培养体系、加强归因指导、建立科学评价机制和有效的激励机制等多方面措施入手。

  16. The Introductory Advertising Course: Organization, Content, Textbooks and Testing; Proceedings of the Association for Education in Journalism-Junior College Journalism Association Advertising Workshop (Ft. Collins, Colorado, August, 1973).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, Jerry R., Ed.; Bowers, Thomas A., Ed.

    This report describes the proceedings of the Association for Education in Journalism--Junior College Journalism Association Advertising Workshop, held at Fort Collins, Colorado, with the general objective of organizing an introductory advertising course. The specific objectives of the workshop were to determine the content, textbooks, and types of…

  17. Improvement of Instruction in Critical Foreign Languages: A Report on the 1987 Languages for Communication Workshops at Tarrant County Junior College Northeast Campus (Hurst, Texas, July 13-August 6, 1987).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Jane; And Others

    Since 1985, Tarrant County Junior College, Northeast Campus, in Hurst, Texas has offered workshops and classes for secondary school teachers of foreign languages. The series of 10 16-hour workshops held during summer 1987 were intended primarily as in-service training for secondary school foreign language teachers and secondarily as a retraining…

  18. 某医学院临床医学专业新生抑郁与自杀意念关系的研究%Research on the Correlation Between Depression and Suicide Ideation Among Freshmen Majo-ring in Clinical Medicine at a Medical College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘清国; 林伟民; 陈鹏; 杨双波

    2013-01-01

    [目的]了解医学院临床医学专业新生抑郁与自杀意念的发生率及其两者之间的关系,为有效干预自杀意念,预防自杀行为提供依据。[方法]整群随机抽样的方法抽取某医学院340名临床医学专业的新生,采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)和自杀意念自评量表(SIOSS)调查学生抑郁及自杀意念现状。[结果]该医学院临床医学专业新生抑郁的发生率为31.76%,自杀意念发生率为8.82%,有无抑郁新生的自杀意念发生率存在显著性差异(P <0.05),抑郁与自杀意念呈显著正相关(P <0.05),有无自杀意念新生的自杀意念各因子及抑郁特异性症状存在显著性差异( P <0.05)。[结论]该医学院临床医学专业部分新生存在一定程度的抑郁及自杀意念,抑郁与自杀意念两者之间存在显著相关性。%[Objective]To understand the incidence of depression and suicide ideation among freshmen ma-joring in clinical medicine at a medical college and their correlation so as to provide the basis for effectively in-tervening suicide ideation and preventing suicide .[Methods] Random cluster sample method was used to choose 340 freshmen majoring in clinical medicine at a medical college .The status quo of depression and suicide ideation were investigated by self-rating depression scale(SDS) and self-rating idea of suicide scale (SIOSS) .[Results]The incidence of depression and suicide ideation in freshmen majoring in clinical medicine at the medi-cal college was 31 .76% and 8 .82% ,respectively .There were significant differences in the incidence of depres-sion among freshmen with and without suicide ideation ( P <0 .05) .Depression showed significantly positive correlation with suicide ideation ( P <0 .05) .There were significant differences in the factors of suicide idea-tion and special symptoms of depression among freshmen with and without suicide ideation ( P<0 .05) .[Con

  19. 医学新生适应能力与家庭环境的关系研究%Family Environment on Adaptability of Medical Freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅茂笋; 代旭东

    2002-01-01

    Objective:To explore effects of family envi ronment on adaptability of freshmen. Methods: 556 freshmen in three medical colleg es were asked to fill out the General Information Questionnaire, Adaptability Questionnaire and Family Environment Scale (Chinese version). Results: Low positiv e correlation was obta ined between cohesion, active-recreational orientation, achievement orientation, intellectual-cultural orientation, organization and adaptability. Negative corr elations were found between conflict, control and adaptability. Multiple regress ions showed that conflict, organization, active-recreational orientation, contro l, and sex bore significant relationship with adaptability of freshmen. Conclusi on: Family factors play significant roles in influencing the adaptabi lity of freshmen.

  20. 朋辈辅导视域下的大学新生入学教育探究%Study on Education for College Freshmen from the Angle of Peer counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李维鹏

    2013-01-01

    It has important implications for freshmen education to guide and help new students adapt to the university environment and establish learning objectives and career planning, etc. With anthropological research methods to explore new ways and methods of the characteristics of the times of freshmen education, lead the peer counseling into freshmen education, build the self-education management platform, trace the picture of university learning life for freshmen from the perspective of life experience, and emphasis cultivate students getting into the habits of sense of self-education, consciously learning and independent thinking, in order to solve the existing problems in the current freshmen education and improve the effect of the Freshmen Education.%  大学新生入学教育对于引导和帮助新生适应大学环境、树立学习目标和进行生涯规划等均具有重要的意义。为探索具有时代特色的新生入学教育新途径和新方法,借助人类学研究方法,将朋辈辅导融入新生入学教育工作,搭建自我教育管理的平台,从生命体验的角度为大学新生描摹大学学习生活的图景,重点培养大学生自我教育意识、自觉学习和独立思考的习惯,以此来解决当前大学新生入学教育中存在的问题,提高大学新生入学教育的效果。

  1. Seriously? Freshmen In A Physics Research Lab?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cárdenas, Rosa Elia; Manzanera Esteve, Isaac; Markert, John T.; Simmons, Sarah

    2011-03-01

    We report on the University of Texas College of Natural Sciences Freshman Research Initiative (FRI) program as a whole and more specifically, its physics stream. The FRI program was developed in an effort to improve retention in the College of Natural Sciences (CNS). The general goal of the program is to bring students at the freshman level into a research laboratory. The reasoning is that as students become part of a research laboratory he or she will feel more involved with science, both academically and socially, and will be more likely to continue on a research science route. We will present the college wide statistical tracking data which shows that the FRI program has indeed improved retention in the CNS, has improved GPA and has improved graduate school matriculation. We will also discuss the tracking of three generations of physics stream participants. We describe the curriculum, training, precautions and techniques used as we bring freshmen into a physics research laboratory. We acknowledge support from NSF-DMR 0605828, Welch F-1191, HHMI-52005907, and NSF-0629136.

  2. MOTIVATION, A BRIDGE FOR NON-ENGLISH MAJOR FRESHMEN IN THEIR TRANSITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This study intends to examine the problems that affected non-English major freshmen’s motivation and the potential factors that could influence their motivation, intrinsic or extrinsic. Self-report data were collected from 188 freshmen selected randomly in Nanchang College by using a close-ended questionnaire. Qualitative results came from interviews with 8 freshmen and 5 teachers. Findings provide evidence that some problems, which emerge with the transition from middle school to college, will influence students’ motivation. Meanwhile, intrinsic motivation can be boosted if the factors of goal, attitude, self-confidence, self-determination, learning environment, learning strategies, teaching methods are valued by teachers.

  3. Dietary patterns and its influencing factors among freshmen students in college%大学新生膳食模式及其影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素芳; 穆敏; 赵艳; 李湖中; 方炎福; 王海林; 李李; 胡传来

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the dietary pattern in college freshmen students and to analyze the influencing factors on their dietary patterns. Methods A questionnaire survey on situation of dietary pattern and influencing factors was conducted among 1319 freshmen students.Results Four major dietary patterns were noticed and they were: Ⅰ , high consumption in hamburger,fried food, nuts, biscuit, chocolate, cola, coffee, sugars, Ⅱ, high consumption in pork, mutton, beef,poultry meat, animal liver, Ⅲ, high consumption in fresh fruits, eggs, fish and shrimps, kelp laver and sea fish, milk and dairy products, beans and bean products, Ⅳ, high consumption in rice and grain,fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, pork. Risk factors on dietary pattern were presented as follows: ( 1 )boys: having the food pattern Ⅰ and Ⅱ showed a strong positive association with the place where they live (OR= 1.67, 95%CI: 0.87-3.19; OR= 1.51,95%CI: 0.79-2.88), eating place (OR=1.63,95%CI: 1.O3-2.59; OR= 1.83, 95%CI: 1.04-3.23), level of mother' s education (OR=2.52,95%CI: 1.07-5.95; OR=3.38, 95%CI: 1.50-7.63), family income (OR=2.24, 95%CI: 1.30-3.88;OR=3.06, 95% CI: 1.77-5.29) and the status of passive smoking (OR= 1.80, 95%CI: 0.70-4.59;OR=1.83, 95%CI: 0.75-4.45). Inverse correlations was found on the level of mother's education (OR=0.56,95%CI: 0.17-1.79). The food pattern Ⅳ showed a strong positive association with place of eating(OR= 1.83,95%CI: 1.04-3.23) but having an inverse correlation with the level of mother's education (OR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.17-1.79). (2)girls when compared with boys, the food pattern Ⅰ showed minor association with the places of living and eating; while the food pattern Ⅱ and Ⅲ had minor association with the status of passive smoking. Conclusion Socio-demographic factors and lifestyle had influenced on the dietary patterns among college freshmen students who should be guided to have a reasonable, balanced diet in the college

  4. 大一女生非典型摄食障碍的初步调查%Preliminary study of eating disorder of not otherwise specified in female college freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 邱欣红; 缪绍缰; 童俊

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解非典型摄食障碍(EDNOS)的特征表现.方法 采用进食情况调查表(EDI)进行自评问卷调查、摄食障碍检查问卷( EDE)和SCID —I的H部分进行访谈的方法,对8 600名大一女生筛选和确诊摄食障碍,并获取各类摄食障碍的心理行为特征.结果 EDNOS的发病率最高,为7.277‰.EDNOS的代偿行为基本少于神经性厌食症和神经性贪食症;EDNOS群体中,选择剧烈运动和采取一种代偿行为所占的比例相对较高,分别为38.7%和43.5%.三类摄食障碍的EDI与EDE所有因子分的差异均无统计学意义;EDE的条目中,EDNOS的空腹和体重重要性分值低于神经性厌食症,而秘密进食分值低于神经性贪食症.结论 EDNOS总体上具有摄食障碍的所有临床特征,在某些症状上表现较轻,需要鉴别和引起重视.%Objective To explore specific manifestations of eating disorder of not otherwise specified (EDNOS). Methods Screening and diagnosing eating disorder among 8600 female college freshmen were done using EDI, EDE and SCID- I , and manifestations of every type of eating disorder were recorded. Results Compared with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) girls, EDNOS girls had the highest incidence (7. 277‰) and less compensatory behavior in general, and tended to choose strenuous exercise (38. 7%) and single compensatory behavior (43. 5%). The statistical difference had not been found in any factors of EDI and EDE among these 3 types. But EDNOS girls' scores of limosis and importance of weight were lower than ANs', and their score of secret eating was lower than BNs'. Conclusions EDNOS has all manifestations of eating disorder, with some mild symptoms, and need to be diagnosed and managed early.

  5. An Investigation on College Freshmen Psychological Adaptation Problems and the Pathogenesis: A Case Study at a University in Wuhan%大学新生心理适应问题及发生机制调查分析——以武汉某高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付慧娥; 艾波

    2012-01-01

    采用症状自评量表(scl-90)对大学新生在环境适应中的心理健康状况进行调查研究,结果表明,高校10.17%的新生有中度以上心理问题,出现较多的心理问题是强迫、人际关系敏感等;不同性别、学科的大学新生心理问题各异。其中,环境适应是大学新生步入大学后面临的最重要问题。应有针对性地加强大学新生心理健康教育,创造良好的心理健康教育的学校环境,并重视大学新生心理健康教育的家庭环境,为有的放矢地预防和缓解大学新生的心理问题、增强心理调节能力、优化个性心理品质、提高综合素质奠定基础。%Analyzing the psychological health status of college freshmen during environmental adaptation periods with the Symptom Checklist(SCL-90),the study showed that 10.17% of freshmen have moderate or severe psychological problems,focusing on obsession and sensitive interpersonal relationship.Students from different genders and subjects have different psychological problems.The environment adaptation problem is the most important one for freshmen.In order to prevent and ease their psychological problems,enhance psychological adjustment ability,optimize individual psychological traits,and improve the comprehensive quality,we should strengthen psychological health education for college freshmen,and create friendly school and family environments,attaching more importance to the family environment.

  6. Investigation of Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior of Freshmen in a Medical College of Anhui Province%安徽省某医学专科学校新生口腔保健知识和行为的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴梅

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the basic situation of oral health knowledge and behavior of freshmen in a medical college of Anhui Province, and to provide scientific basis for oral prevention health. Methods Survey was carried out on oral health knowledge and behavior of 1 100 freshmen with a self-designed questionnaire. Results The oral health awareness and behavior of freshmen were unbalanced. Results showed that 73.9 % students brushed teeth in the morning and at night, only 16 % students knew pit and fissure sealant, and 15 % students knew the function of scaling;only 1.1 % students could check their oral health regularly. ConclusionSince the oral health knowledge and behavior of the freshmen in the medical college were insufficient, the propaganda and education of oral health knowledge should be promoted.%目的:调查安徽省某医学专科学校新生对口腔保健知识及行为的基本情况,为进行口腔预防保健提供科学依据。方法自行设计调查问卷,调查1100名大一新生的口腔保健知识及行为。结果新生对口腔保健的认知及行为表现不均衡,有73.9%的学生早晚刷牙;仅有16%的学生知道窝沟封闭;15%的学生知道“洗牙”的功能;能够做到定期口腔检查的学生只有1.1%。结论安徽省某医学专科学校新生对口腔保健的认知及行为尚存在不足,应加强对大学生口腔保健知识的宣传。

  7. Exploration and practice of "Ice-Breaking Training" to college freshmen under the mode of "3-to-3 Coach Method"%“三·三教练法”模式下大学新生“破冰训练”的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小珊; 刘康; 罗来春; 周连伟

    2012-01-01

    It is a new attempt and exploration to take quality development training as a carrier to carry out experiential ideological education on the entrance education of college students. This ar- ticle preliminarily analyzes the characteristics and significance of the quality development train- ing, and discusses the "ice-breaking training" goals and thoughts for freshmen, by creating "3-to- 3 coach method", which consists of the quality development training of college students, the stratified training to the part-time counsellors of freshmen and the coach team training for "ice training" to freshmen. In the specific practice, the project selection and project implementation were explored, by strengthening the education concept of "taking students as basis", cultivating a teacher team with "self-service", and exploring the ways of effective communication. The result shows a remarkable effect of "3-to-3 coach method" on the freshmen "Ice-Breaking Training".%在大学生新生的入学教育中,以素质拓展培训为载体,开展体验式的思想教育工作是一种新的尝试和探索。以江西农业大学为例,初步分析了拓展培训的特点及意义,以及开展新生"破冰训练"的目标及思路。自创了"三.三教练法",即素质拓展培训师对大学生助理教练、大学新生兼职辅导员进行分层培训,培训大学新生"破冰训练"的教练队伍。就项目选择、项目实施进行了探索和实践,强化了"以生为本"的教育理念,培养了"自我服务"的师资队伍,探索了"有效沟通"的工作方式。

  8. 安徽某高校2007-2009年入学新生血压检测结果分析%Analysis on Blood Pressure of Freshmen in a College in Anhui Province from 2007 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺连平; 姚应水; 汪全海; 臧洪艳; 聂淼

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解大学新生的血压状况,为青少年高血压的预防提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法对皖南医学院2007-2009年大学新生进行血压监测,以现行的高血压诊断标准对男女生血压偏高检出率进行比较,同时比较性别间的血压,并制定不同性别及大学新生的百分位参考值.结果 男生收缩压和舒张压均高于女生(P<0.05),男生收缩压和舒张压的平均值分别为(117.44±12.76)和(73.32±8.50) mmHg,女生收缩压和舒张压的平均值分别为(106.51±11.56)和(68.35±8.05) mmHg.不同性别的百分位参考值:男女收缩压和舒张压的P3和P97分别为95,142mn曦和60,90 mmHg.男女生收缩压偏高检出率分别为2.9%和0.4%,男女生舒张压偏高检出率分别为1.7%和0.5%,男女生血压偏高检出率分别为4.1%和0.7%,男女生收缩压和舒张压偏高检出率差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 按照现行的高血压诊断标准,男女生的血压偏高检出率较低,但本研究发现女生收缩压和舒张压的百分位参考值均低于男生,有必要开展全国范围内大样本的大学生血压状况调查.%Objective To know the blood pressure of freshmen, and to provide a scientific basis for prevention of hypertension. Methods A cluster sampling method was used for freshmen of Wannan Medical College from 2007 to 2009,blood pressure was monitored according to the current diagnostic criteria of hypertension. The detection rates of high blood pressure for boys and girls were compared, meanwhile, blood pressure was also compared between the sexes. In addition,we also made a percentile reference value of blood pressure by gender. Results The systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressures of boys were both higher than those of girls (P<0.05), the average systolic and diastolic blood pressures of boys were (117.44±12.76) mmHg and (73.32±8.50) mmHg, and those of girls were (106.51±11.56) mmHg and (68.35 ± 8.05) rrrn

  9. Clinical competencies and index system of junior college nursing students%护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力指标体系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠艳

    2011-01-01

    Objective To identify the clinical competencies of junior college nursing students, so as to provide bases for training goals and evaluating junior college nursing students. Methods Delphi method was used in this study, and the clinical competencies were identified through two rounds of expert consultation. Results The clinical competencies that junior college nursing students should have included three first - level indicators and 29 secondary - level indicators. The first - level indicators were clinical nursing abilities, nursing management and scientific abilities, nursing occupation quality. Conclusion The coefficients of experts'enthusiasm, the extent of authority, the concentration and harmonization of experts'opinions are relatively high, so the evaluation criteria system is reliable and can provide guidance for junior college nursing students training.%目的 探讨护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力,为护理大专生培养目标的制定、临床能力的评价提供依据.方法 应用德尔菲法就护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力进行2轮函询.结果 护理大专毕业生应具备的临床能力包括临床护理能力、护理管理与科研能力、护理职业素质3个一级指标及29个二级指标.结论 专家积极性、权威程度及专家意见的集中程度和对指标评价结果的一致程度均较高,显示研究结果可信程度较高,可以为护理大专毕业生的培养提供指导.

  10. The Exploration Based on Hierarchy of Needs Theory in the Management of the Five-year Junior College Students%基于需要层次理论的五年制专科学生管理探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩张娜

    2011-01-01

    This paper proceeds with the characteristics of tile five - year junior college students, analyzes me relation between the needs of the five -year junior college student and Maslow's hierarchy theory of needs, and makes use it to the students'management work. It will meet the students' longing needs, esteem needs and selfactualization needs through physiological needs, safety needs, love and bethe various measures , and will promote the continuous improvement of the five -year junior college students' management work.%从五年一贯制专科学生的特点入手,分析了五年制专科学生需要与马斯洛的需要层次理论的对应关系,并将其应用到学生管理工作中,通过各种管理措施满足学生生理需要、安全需要、归属和爱的需要、尊重需要和自我实现的需要,促进五年制专科学生管理工作的不断完善。

  11. Social Studies: Economics, International Relations, and Political Science. Latin American Curriculum Units for Junior and Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glade, William P.; Baldwin, Emily

    These three self-contained units of study will help community college students learn about the economics, international relations, and politics of Latin America. Each unit can be used independently and contains introductory notes for instructors, student materials, and a bibliography. Students are expected to read and discuss the reading…

  12. 皮格马力翁效应对大学新生英语学习的重要性%The Importance of Pygmalion Effect on Freshmen in EFL Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文新

    2013-01-01

    Under the long-term stress of Chinese Exam-oriented Educational System, anxiety, resistance and even disgust against learn-ing English stir among most of freshmen, especially students in junior college. The main cause is that those students' self-efficacy is not so strong and they are not confident in learning. In order to try to solve the problems of their psyches, using Pygmalion effect on freshmen will be very important.%在长期的应试教育体制的压力下,大部分新生对英语学习都产生了焦虑、心里抵制,甚至厌恶的反应。尤其是大专院校的学生。其主要原因是学生自我效能感偏低,在学习中不自信。为尝试解决新生心理所产生的这些问题,皮革马利翁效应在初期的运用将是非常重要的。

  13. Relationship among college freshmen's anxious status in testing and studying behaviors and studying result%大专新生考试焦虑水平与学习行为、效果的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志军; 胡昌标; 胡昌军; 杨渊; 刘立亚

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解大学生考试焦虑状态与学习行为和学习效果的关系.方法 焦虑程度 评价采用TAS焦虑状态自测量表,通过问卷调查大学生的学习行为并统计学习成绩,结果 用SPSS 统计软件分析.结果 不同专业TAS评分和焦虑程度构成差异均有统计学意义.性别、家庭经济状况、居住环境对TAS评分和焦虑构成的影响没有统计学意义.焦虑程度越高,学习成绩越低,而 补考率却越高.考试焦虑程度还与某些学习行为有关.结论 大学新生考试焦虑现象有较明显的 专业差异,与某些学习行为有关,并影响学习效果.%Objective To understand the relationship among junior college students' anxious status in testing and studying behaviors and studying result. Methods TAS anxiety scale was used for the evaluation of anxious status, and data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results Statistical significance was observed among different specialties. Sex, socioeconomic status and living environment did not affect TAS score. The higher the anxious status was, the worse the studying results will be. The anxious status was associated with some studying behaviors. Conclusions Anxiety was correlated with specialities and studying behaviors, and affected studying result.

  14. Assessing Differential Needs among University Freshmen: A Comparison among Racial/Ethinic Subgroups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minatoya, Lydia Yuriko; Sedlacek, William E.

    1983-01-01

    Surveyed 1,179 college freshmen to study racial influences on students' needs and expectations. Results showed differences among White, Black, Asian, and Hispanic students on academic expectation, living arrangements, financial background, and personal and career attitudes, suggesting that student personnel administrators consider different…

  15. Improving Higher Order Thinking Skills among Freshmen by Teaching Science through Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugerat, Muhamad; Kortam, Naji

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-eight freshmen majoring in biology and/or chemistry in an Arab college in Israel, were given a pre-test and a post-test in which they had to identify the control group and design a controlled experiment. During the course an intervention was used. Science was taught by inquiry while using strategies that promote higher-order thinking skills…

  16. Freshmen and Five Hundred Words: Investigating Flash Fiction as a Genre for High School Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batchelor, Katherine E.; King, April

    2014-01-01

    This article shares two National Writing Project Teacher Consultants' interest in examining student engagement in writing flash fiction using mentor texts. Our two-week unit centered on two high school freshmen classes (one class identified as "at-risk" and another class identified as "college prep"), and we found the use…

  17. What College Freshmen Say about Word Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teichman, Milton

    1985-01-01

    Describes students' reactions to and comments on an experimental writing course in which all essays were composed on computer terminals using XEDIT and WATERLOO SCRIPT. Students had favorable reactions to revision ease and enjoyability factor, but reacted unfavorably to learning word processing, equipment failure, and confinement to one writing…

  18. Individual Library Research Clinics for College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Karen A.

    1993-01-01

    Describes a program of Library Research Clinics developed at Northern Illinois University to teach bibliographic instruction (BI) to one or two students at a time as an alternative to teaching BI in large first-year English classes. Implementation of the clinics with educationally disadvantaged students and with honor students is reviewed.…

  19. 大专护生评判性思维的调查及相关因素分析%Investigation of critical thinking and analysis of its relevant factors of junior college nursing student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁俊菊; 杨红; 王瑞敏; 杜秋华; 兰丁; 李佟玲

    2011-01-01

    目的 测评大专护生评判性思维能力并分析其影响因素,为改革护理专业大专的课程设置及教学策略提供参考依据.方法 采用评判性思维测量表(CTS)对我校护理专业94名大专学生进行问卷调查.结果 大专护生CTS总分平均为81.81分,说明具有正性评判性思维能力;其评判性思维能力与曾在班委或学生会任职和兼职呈负相关.结论 学校应在人才培养、课程设置和教学方法等方面深化改革,进一步培养和强化护生评判性思维的能力.%Objective To investigate critical thinking of junior college nursing student and analyze the relevant factors, so as to provide basis for curriculum reform and teaching strategy in nursing college. Methods 94junior college nursing students were surveyed with Critical Thinking Scale (CTS). Results Average score of CTS of junior college nursing students was 81.81, indicating positively critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skill was negatively associated with attendance of class committee or student union. Conclusions Colleges should promote reform of student cultivation, curriculum settings and teaching method, and develop and intensify critical thinking of the students.

  20. 1年级护理专业学生多元智能的调查研究1)%Investigation on multiple intelligences of college nursing freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘颖; 刘长红; 李明杰; 贾佩华; 李艳微

    2014-01-01

    [目的]调查1年级护理专业学生多元智能及其影响因素。[方法]随机抽取我校护理学专业2013级3年制专科和4年制本科1班、2班为调查对象,共198人。[结果]护理专业学生8项智能得分分别为:自我认知智能(35.42±6.92)分、人际智能(34.23±6.76)分、自然观察智能(31.24±7.16)分、语言智能(29.90±7.52)分、视觉空间智能(29.21±7.47)分,逻辑数学智能(29.12±7.55)分、身体动觉智能(28.72±7.39)分、音乐智能(27.97±8.94)分。男生和女生在自然观察智能、身体运动智能和逻辑数理智能方面差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。[结论]护理专业学生的多元智能理论处于比较擅长程度以上。护理教育者应运用多元智能理论指导教学,调整教学策略,提高学生的学习成绩和学习效率。%Obj ective:To investigate the multiple intelligences of college nursing freshmen and its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 198 students,maj oring in nursing from three year vocational students in Grade 2013,Class 1 & 2 and four year undergraduates in Grade 2013, Class 1 &2 were randomly selected as subj ects to participate in question-naire.Results:Nursing students’8 intelligence scores were respectively:intrapersonal intelligence(35.42±6.92);interpersonal intelligence(34.23± 6.76);naturalistic intelligence(31.24±7.16);linguistic intelligence(29.90± 7.52);visual Spatial intelligence(29.21±7.47);logical mathematical in-telligence(29.12±7.55);bodily kinesthetic intelligence(28.72±7.39);musical intelligence(27.97 ±8.94).There were statistical significant differences in naturalistic intelligence,bodily kinesthetic intelligence and logical mathematical intelligence between male and female students(P0.05 ).Conclusion:Nursing students’ multiple intelligence theory is above the relatively good degree.Nursing educators should apply this theory in teaching and adopt teaching strate-gy,so as to improve students

  1. The Power of the Virtual Pen and the Development of College Freshmen: Exploring the Impact of University Website Messaging on the Situated Identities of First-Year College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumner, Carol A.

    2011-01-01

    As enrollment in postsecondary education increases, colleges and universities increasingly rely heavily on the use of the Internet as a means of communication with their students. Upon students' admission, institutional webpage messaging shifts to messages about students' new affiliation with the institution in their situated identity--a college…

  2. The "Well-Futured" College: Reaching for Tommorrow--Today. Southern Association of Community and Junior Colleges Occasional Paper, Volume 3, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullen, Harold G.

    Much of the current crisis in education has its roots in an inability of colleges to get beyond a "now-oriented" approach to problems within the educational system. It is time for the educational focus to be directed toward anticipating alternative futures since the application of selected perspectives and procedures drawn from the field of…

  3. A Study on the Characteristics of the Difficulties in Career Decision-Making of Higher Vocational and Junior College Stu%重庆市高职高专学生职业决策困难特点研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃江霞; 冯静; 李亮靓

    2011-01-01

    by the method of questionnaire,this paper made a preliminary study and analysis on the current situation and traits of the Difficulties in Career Decision-Making of Higher Vocational and Junior College Students in Chongqing,and then proposed some suggesti%本研究采用问卷调查法,对重庆市高职高专院校学生职业决策困难的现状和特点进行了初步调查和分析,并据此提出开展高职高专学生职业指导教育方面的建议。

  4. The Impact of Higher Vocational College Freshmen's Self Consistency Congruence on Sense of School Belonging:Mediating Effect of Interpersonal Relationship An Lijuan%高职新生自我和谐对学校归属感的影响:人际关系的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹美恒; 龚雪

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To investigate the mediating effect of interpersonal relationships in the relationship between self consistency congruence and the sense of school belonging of higher vocational college freshmen .Methods :Self Consistency Congruence Scale(SCCS) ,Interpersonal Comprehensive Diagnostic Scale and Chinese Version of PSSM were applied to totally 821 freshmen .Results :The level of the freshmen's self consistency congruence and interperson‐al relationship disturbance had a significantly positive correlation (r = 0 .565 ,P < 0 .001) ,self consistency congruence and interpersonal relationship disturbance were significantly negatively correlated with school belonging (r = ‐0 .458 ,‐0 .417 ;P < 0 .001) .The self consistency congruence had positive effect on interpersonal relationship disturbance (β =0 .231 ,P < 0 .001) ;The interpersonal relationship disturbance had partial mediation effect between self consistency congruence and school belonging ,and the mediating effect was 28 .6% of the total effect .Conclusion :Higher vocation‐al college freshmen's self consistency congruence has a direct effect on school belonging and indirect effect through interpersonal relationship disturbance .%目的:探讨高职新生自我和谐对学校归属感的影响,并验证人际关系在其中的中介作用。方法:以河北省内某职业技术学院821名2015级新生为调查对象,使用自我和谐量表(SCCS)、人际关系综合诊断量表和学校归属感量表(PSSM - CR)进行测量。结果:高职新生自我和谐与人际关系困扰呈显著正相关(r =0.565,P <0.001),自我和谐、人际关系与学校归属感呈显著负相关(r =‐0.458,‐0.417;P <0.001)。高职新生的自我和谐对人际关系困扰有显著地正向预测作用(β=0.231,P <0.001);人际关系困扰在自我和谐和学校归属感间具有部分中介作用,中介效应比为28.6%。结论:自

  5. AIDS-RELATED KNOWLEDGE,ATTITUDE AND SEXUAL ATTITUDES AMONG COLLEGE FRESHMEN IN A MEDICAL COLLEGE IN THE AREA OF SOUTHWEST CHINA%西南某医学院校大一新生艾滋病知识态度及性观念调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃丽娜; 梁建成; 唐倩; 赵丽平; 石丽萍

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the status of knowledge and attitude to AIDS, and the sexual attitudes amongcol lege freshmen to provide scientific evidence for health education. [Methods] Cluster sampling was used, 16 classes were selected from college freshmen, and each surveyed student completed an anonymous self-administrated questionnaire. [Results] The effective response rate was 96.85%. The awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge was 80.34% among the participants. The awareness rate of boy's (81.68%) was higher than girl's (79.91%), and the awareness rate of students who has been received middle school education was higher (80.89%) than those undeceived (78.31%). It is different from in cities, in towns and in countryside's on awareness rale, such as 84.34%, 80.96% and 79.63%. For the AIDS infection, the positive attitude was 59.56%. For the pre-marital sex, some students (45.90%) objected it, but for the cohabitation of college students, just a few students (36.77%) objected it [Conclusion] The awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge is lower among college freshmen, the percentage of the positive attitude of AIDS is especially low, but the sexual attitudes are open. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen publicity and education efforts on AIDS knowledge, develop correct attitude towards sex and positive attitude towards life.%[目的]了解某医学院校一年级新生对艾滋病知识态度及性观念情况,为有针对性地进行艾滋病健康教育改革提供科学依据.[方法]采用随机抽样法,在2009级新生中随机抽取16个斑的学生,采取匿名形式进行问卷调查.[结果]共发放问卷932份,回收有效问卷892份,有效应答率为96.85%.大一新生对艾滋病相关知识的知晓率为80.34%,男生的知晓率(81.68%)高于女生(79.91%).大学前生活地是城市、县城、农村的学生知晓率(分别为84.54%,80.96%和79.63%)存在差异,且有中学接受艾滋病

  6. Nursing Process. Nursing: Basic Needs I. Nursing: Basic Needs II. Nursing through the Life Span. Entry into Professional Nursing. A Basic Course Outline (College Freshmen) for Nursing. A Four Year "2+2" Articulated Curriculum for the Occupation of Nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddox, Gaylon; And Others

    This course outline provides materials for third-year courses in a "2+2" curriculum for the occupation of registered nurse. It is part of a planned and articulated 4-year curriculum that spans the junior and senior years of high school and the freshman and sophomore years of the postsecondary institution. Introductory materials include:…

  7. Expo Junior

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

    Fort de son succès Expo Juniors revient du 22 au 23 novembre 2014 - Papa & Maman Noël seront présents ! Nous avons le plaisir de  proposer à nos membres des billets d'entrées  à un tarif préférentiel, au prix de CHF 10.- l'unité au lieu de CHF 18.- (gratuit pour les enfants de 0 à 4 ans). Des centaines d’ateliers répartis en 3 villages : Sports & Loisirs, Jeux & Jouets, Éducation & Vie pratique. Cet événement propose aux familles aussi d'autres thèmes : tourisme, idées cadeaux, mode, bien-être, beauté, décoration, ainsi que des services destinés aux familles. Parades, attractions, castings, défilés de mode, dédicaces, séances photos avec Papa Noël, ainsi que de nombre...

  8. Education and National Condition of General Medical Training on Physicians with Junior College Diplomas%专科层次的全科医学教育与国情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐江荣; 郭化山; 乌建平

    2011-01-01

    我国农村社区卫生人才短缺,总体素质不高,特别是全科医学人才严重匮乏.利用专科层次全科医学教育"短、平、快"的特点,推行全科医学教育普及和充实农村社区基层医疗人才队伍,能够满足基层民众健康医疗的需求,符合现阶段的我国国情.专科层次的全科医学教育人才培养模式对创建中国特色的全科人才培养之路具有积极与深远的意义.%Because of the shortage of medical personnel in rural communities and the low level of the overall quality,especially the severe shortage of general medical personnel, universal implementation of general medical education and enrichment of the primary health care personnel in rural communities according to the fastness of training of junior college-leveled physicians can meet the needs of the primary health care for the public, which is in line with the current situation of our country. The training model for general medical personnel of junior college levels has a positive and far - reaching significance for cultivating talents on general medicine in a special Chinese way.

  9. Empiricism of English listening instruction based on metacognitive strategy training in a junior college%基于元认知策略培训的高职英语听力教学实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔颖

    2012-01-01

    以深圳信息职业技术学院应用外语学院09级商务英语专业学生为研究对象,进行为期十二周的听力元认知策略培训。实证研究结果表明:元认知策略培训能够促进高职英语专业学生对元认知知识的掌握和应用,但对学生听力水平的促进作用短期内并不明显。%This paper is designed to present the results of an empirical study of English listening instruction based on metacognitive strategy training in a junior college.A 12-week English listening instruction based on metacognitive strategy training was carried out.The results show that metacognitive strategy training can help English majors in junior colleges grasp and apply metacognitive knowledge,while the influence on listening ability is not obvious within a short time.

  10. At Rice University, a Brawny Welcome for Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangan, Katherine

    2008-01-01

    At campuses across the country, freshmen are moving in and reluctant parents are moving on. Few of them enjoy the kind of welcome Rice provides for its 790 incoming freshmen. In this article, the author describes how Rice University welcomes its freshmen and shares some of the experiences the students had when student football athletes helped them…

  11. Mental Adaption and Mental Health of the Generation after 95s College Freshmen:The Mediating Role of Self-acceptance%95后大学新生心理适应与心理健康的关系:自我接纳的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晖; 何凯; 罗军; 李鎏; 綦林; 武海霞; 梁耀明

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of acceptance by mental adaption and self-acceptance on health of the generation after 95 s college freshmen,and the pathway of the influence,to offer the new basis for entrance educa-tion,mental health education among freshmen.Methods:Using convinient sampling method,879 freshmen of grade 2014 from one college were administered after 2 months in school with FARS,SCL-90,Self-Acceptance Question-naire.Results:①Freshmen mental adaptation scores and interpersonal factor score had significant gender differences (t=-2.43,P<0.05;t=-2.66,P<0.01),girls scored significantly higher than boys.Independent living dimension, liberal arts students was more troubled than science students (t=3.50,P<0.001);Learning method,the only child was more distressed than non-child (t=3.10,P<0.01);and in resources,relationships and mental adaptation scores of non-child problems were significantly higher than the one-child (t=-3.73,P<0.001;t=-2.67,P<0.01;t=-2.03,P<0.05).②Mental adaptation score was positively correlated with mental health score and negatively correlated with self-acceptance scores,self-acceptance were significantly negative correlation with mental health scores (|r|=0.16 ~ 0.51,P<0.05).Regression analysis showed that self-acceptance and depression could pre-dict mental adaptation level.③By structural equation model checking,self-acceptance played fully mediation be-tween mental adaptation and mental health.Mental adaptation impacted on mental health through self-acceptance. Conclusion:Self-acceptance of the generation after 95 s college freshmen plays fully mediation between mental adap-tation and mental health,mental adaptation suppress mental health by promoting self-acceptance.%目的:研究心理适应与自我接纳对95后大学新生心理健康的影响及其路径,以期为新生适应性教育、心理健康教育提供新的思路.方法:采用方便抽样法,选取广东某综合性大学2014级879名大

  12. The risk factors of Internet addiction--a survey of university freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Hsing Fang; Cheng, Shu Hui; Yeh, Tzung Lieh; Shih, Chi-Chen; Chen, Kao Ching; Yang, Yi Ching; Yang, Yen Kuang

    2009-05-30

    This study was designed to explore the risk factors of Internet addiction in 1360 freshmen of the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan in 2003. The test battery included a self-administrated structured questionnaire, the Chinese Internet Addiction Scale-Revision (CIAS-R), the 12-item Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ-12), the Measurement of Support Functions (MSF), and the neuroticism subscale of the Maudsley Personality Inventory (MPI). Of the total study population, there were 680 college freshmen (17.9%) in the Internet addiction group, as defined by high CIAS-R scores. Using logistic regression analyses, we found positive relationships between Internet addiction and male gender, neuroticism scores and the CHQ score. In addition, the freshmen who skipped breakfast and those who had poorer social support also had a higher probability of Internet addiction. Internet addiction is prevalent among university freshmen in Taiwan. Risk factors included male gender, habit of skipping breakfast, mental health morbidity, deficient social support; and neurotic personality characteristics.

  13. John Brozovsky appointed Wayne E. Leininger Junior Faculty Fellow

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    John Brozovsky, associate professor of accounting and information systems in the Pamplin College of Business at Virginia Tech, has been appointed the Wayne E. Leininger Junior Faculty Fellow by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  14. How to complete Entrance Education forFreshmen in new Period Vocational Colleges%如何做好新时期职业院校新生入学教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄敏玲

    2012-01-01

    入学教育是学生管理工作的重要环节,此项工作成效的好坏,关系到新生能否尽快适应新的校园生活,关系到能否搞好专业学习,关系到学生能否健康发展。新生刚入学,往往会存在环境、学习和心理等各方面的不适应,需要通过开展系列化入学教育活动进行引导。%Entrance education is an important link in the student management,the work efficiency is good or bad,whether related to the freshmen adapt to the new campus life or not,whether related to do a good job in professional learningor not,whether related to students ' healthy development or not.Freshman can not adapt in environment,learning,and psychology and so on,so this need series entrance guide through the development of education activity.

  15. 系统理论视角下社会工作介入大学新生适应的服务模式研究%Study on the Service model of the Adaptability of College Freshmen Intervened by Social Work from the System Theory Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫小红; 张静敏

    2011-01-01

    Under the guidance of system theory,this research explores the service model of the a- daptability of college freshmen intervened by social work, incorporates the strengths perspective, social support theory and empowerment perspective into the service concept in the process of spe- cific intervention,and holds detail analysis on the process of social work intervention,methods, skills and results, and also holds reflection and discussion about other relevant issues in the process of service.%文章以系统理论为指导,探索社会工作介入大学新生适应的服务模式,在具体介入过程中,把优势视角、社会支持理论及赋权视角纳入服务理念,对社会工作介入的过程、方法、技巧及成效进行了分析,并对服务过程中的其他相关问题进行了反思和讨论。

  16. Empowering Freshmen with Technology Skills: Wireless Routers

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanderClock, William

    2015-01-01

    Most freshmen taking required, introductory information systems courses do not understand why they are required to take such courses and can't imagine that they will learn anything they don't already know. This paper presents an exercise that will excite and enthuse students about their computers and Information Systems in general. Every freshman…

  17. Changes in Achievement Motivation among University Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dresel, Markus; Grassinger, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Changes in achievement motivation over the first semester of university studies were examined with N = 229 freshmen, who were surveyed twice in the present study. Students' academic self-concepts, achievement goals, and subjective values were chosen as theoretically central components of achievement motivation. The results indicated significant…

  18. 高职新生宿舍人际关系现状调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Current Situation of Vocational College Freshmen Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞荣

    2014-01-01

    A problem that every enrolled higher Vocational Education school students , especially Freshman must be faced with the dormitory interpersonal relationship. Higher vocational students spend much time in dormitory, dormitory is a necessary site of living and learning. Therefore, the membership relationship in the same dormitory is the main after-class relationship of higher vocational students except learning . This paper uses the sample investigation, self-designed questionnaire to investigate and analyze the status of the vocational col ege students dormitory interpersonal relationship, provides some references to help Vocational Education freshmen to establish good dormitory interpersonal relationship .%高职生特别是大一新生进入大学期间,每个人所必须面对的问题是宿舍的人际关系。宿舍成为高职生除课堂外活动时间最多的空间,是其生活和学习的必要场所。因此,与同宿舍其他成员之间的关系成了高职生除了学习之外课余生活的主要关系。本文采用抽样调查,自行设计问卷的方式调查并分析了我院高职新生宿舍人际关系的现状,为高职新生建立良好宿舍人际关系提供一些参考作用。

  19. A survey on reproductive health of junior college students in a Nanjing university%南京某大学一年级学生生殖健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓丽; 张锦文; 胡晨

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To study the current situation of reproductive health in the junior college students of a Nanjing university. Methods: We used a random cluster sampling to recruit the junior college students in Nanjing City and investigated their reproductive health related knowledge, attitude and behaviors, and the related factors. Results: Most of junior college students (90.5% ) showed a relatively acceptance to the premarital sex. 16.0% of them had had sexual experiences. The students had some general contraceptive knowledges, but the knowledge about the detailed usage of the methods was relatively limited. 70. 7% of those with sexual experience reported the consistent use of condom in each sexual engagement, but the rate of induced abortion was as high as 64.7% in the girl students who had had sex. The related factors to the premarital sex included the high educational levels of the parents, inharmonious parental relation, urban residence, and the divorced families or single - parent family. The proportion of the only child in the group with sexual experience was lower than that in the group without sexual experience. The students got access to the reproductive knowledges from TV/newspaper/books, peer friends, senior family members, internet/media and school courses in decreasing order. Conclusions; The junior college students showed a relatively high tolerance of premarital sex, but their reproductive knowledge was limited and the rate of unexpected pregnancy was high. The family characteristics had some effect on the premarital sex of the students. It is recommended that the universities should strengthen the reproductive health education.%目的:了解大学低年级学生生殖健康状况.方法:采用整群随机抽样法抽取南京市某统招高校一年级大学生,调查他们生殖健康相关的知信行发生状况及相关因素.结果:90.5%的大学生对于婚前性行为态度较宽容;知晓避孕方法的较多,但是对于避孕措施的

  20. A cognition and demand survey on chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship in a tumor hopspital from Sichuan province%对四川省某肿瘤专科医院护生实习前化疗防护认知及需求情况的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾; 缪艳; 易勇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解本科及专科护生在实习前对化疗防护的认知及需求情况.方法 参考美国职业安全健康管理局(OSHA)抗肿瘤药物的使用和防护要求自行设计调查问卷,对四川省某肿瘤医院192名本科及专科护生在实习前进行问卷调查.结果 实习前护生化疗防护知识普遍缺乏,本、专科护生对化疗药物污染、化疗废弃物处理方法的认知和需求,以及获取化疗防护知识途径方面的差异均有统计学意义(x2值分别为25.608,27.587,50.718,53.251,54.173,66.088;P <0.05);专科护生认知水平相对较低、对化疗前防护认知需求较高,从医学网站和杂志上获取知识少;两组护生希望获取化疗防护知识的教学方式上比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 肿瘤护理课程体系与教学方式有待于进一步完善,护生在实习前需系统化培训化疗防护知识,重点加强对专科护生的培训.%Objective To investigate the situation of cognition and demand for the chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge among junior college and college nursing students before starting their internship.Methods To design questionnaire according to the U.S.Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations on the usage and protection requirements of anti-tumor drag,and to conduct a questionnaire survey of 192 junior college and college nursing students in our hospital before starting their internship.Results Before starting their internship,the students were lack of the chemotherapeutic selfprotection knowledge generally.There were significant differences between junior college nursing students and college nursing students in the situation of cognition and demand for chemotherapy contamination,in chemotherapy waste disposal methods,as well as ways to get chemotherapeutic self-protection knowledge (x2 =25.608,27.587,50.718,53.251,54.173,66.088 ; P < 0.05).Compared with college nursing students,junior college nursing

  1. 合肥市大学新生膳食模式及其与骨密度的关系%Dietary patterns in college freshmen and its relation to bone mineral density

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素芳; 穆敏; 赵艳; 王晓琴; 束龙; 李青艳; 李迎春

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解合肥市大学新生的骨密度现状,并分析膳食模式与其骨密度的关系.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样的方法抽取1414名大学新生,最终收集到有效问卷1319份.检测人群的超声骨密度值.采用因子分析法判断大学新生的膳食模式,采用协方差分析,控制混杂因素后,比较不同膳食模式组间的骨SOS修正均数.结果 (1)4种膳食模式较为有意义:“西方食物”型(摄入较多的汉堡包及油炸食品、腌制食品、坚果类、零食、可乐、雪碧、咖啡、糖类);“动物性食物”型(摄入较多的猪肉、羊肉、牛肉、禽肉、动物肝脏、鱼虾类、海带/海鱼/紫菜等海制品、坚果类);“钙类食物”型(摄入较多新鲜水果、鸡蛋、鱼虾类、海带/海鱼/紫菜等海制品、奶及奶制品、豆类及豆制品、坚果类);“传统中国”型(摄入较多的粮谷类、新鲜蔬菜、新鲜水果、猪肉).(2)高“动物性食物”型膳食模式的骨密度(SOS值)低于低“动物性食物”型(P<0.05);高“钙类食物”型膳食模式的骨密度(SOS值)高于低“钙类食物”型(P<0.05);高“传统中国”型膳食模式的骨密度(SOS值)高于低“传统中国”型膳食模式(P<0.05).结论 合肥市大学新生的膳食模式和骨密度关系密切.%Objective In order to investigate the bone density of freshmen, and to analyze the association between dietary pattern and bone mineral density ( BMD). Methods A questionnaire survey on the situation of dietary pattern was conducted in 1414 freshmen. Effective dietary survey questionnaires and bone mineral density measurements were completed for 1319 participants. Bone mass was assessed by using an Ultrasound Bone Densitometer on the right calcaneus ( CM-200, Furuno Electric Corporation, Japan) , and the speed of sound ( SOS, m/s) was used as an indicator for bone density. Factor analysis with varimax rotation was used to identify the dietary patterns

  2. Analyzing the Reasons and Studying the Strategies of Psychological Barriers of English Learning of the Science Freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校理科新生英语学习心理障碍原因分析与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金鑫

    2013-01-01

    Regarding the science freshmen from Vocational College of Liaoning Petro-chemical Technol-ogy in 2011 as the study object, this paper analyzes the psychological barriers of English learning such as the motivation conflict, cognitive deviation, poor concentration, test anxiety and psychological fatigue on learning, this article offers some strategies to apply the psychological counseling, non-intelligence factors and reward system to the class, creating a pleasant learning atmosphere. These strategies can help students overcome the psychological barriers of English learning and adapt the English courses of the higher voca-tional education to make them feel comfortable in the new college life.%本文以辽宁石化职业技术学院2011级理科新生为研究对象,通过对高职院校理科新生入学后英语学习中出现的动机冲突、认知偏差、注意力低下、考试焦虑和学习心理疲劳等心理障碍的成因分析,提出借助心理辅导,调动非智力因素,在课堂教学中有效运用激励机制,寓教于乐,营造愉快的学习氛围等策略,帮助学生克服英语学习心理障碍,使他们顺利进入高等职业英语教育的课程学习,尽快适应崭新的大学学习生活。

  3. Empiricism of writing strategies of English majors in a junior college%高职英语专业学生英语写作策略实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓丽

    2012-01-01

    本文以135名高职英语专业学生为研究对象,采用问卷调查的方法调查高职英语专业学生英语写作策略使用情况。研究表明:补偿策略和记忆策略的使用频率最高,不同年级、性别的受试者在写作策略使用上没有显著性差异,高分组与中分组和低分组之间存在显著性差异,但其频率均在"使用情况一般"的范畴内,只有元认知写作策略进入回归方程,对英语成绩有一定的预测作用。因此,高职英语专业学生的英语写作策略亟待提高。%The present study is based on a questionnaire investigation with 135 English majors in one of the junior colleges on their use of writing strategies.The results are presented with high frequency in the use of compensation strategy and memory strategy;there are no significant differences in the use of writing strategies among male and female students and students from different grades,but the significant difference does exist between good language learners and medium-and-low language learners;only metacognitive writing strategy has entered into the regression equation,which means it is directly related to one’s English performance.In conclusion,the use of writing strategy is rather weak and there is much room for improvement for English majors in the junior college.

  4. 沉浸式教学法在专科商务英语教学中的应用%Application of Immersive Method in the Teaching of Business English in Junior College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨硕

    2015-01-01

    中国经济的快速发展以及经济全球化的趋势使得市场对商务英语专业的人才需求日益增加,而现有的教学过程中,英语的日常会话与商务英语专业知识结合并不紧密,这点在专科院校的商务英语教学中表现的尤其明显,专科学生相对英语能力较差,因此在面对商务英语学习时往往力不从心,而沉浸式教学法可以为学生提供良好的英语语境,将"商务"和"英语"更好地融合,从而将注意力集中于商务知识的学习,对商务英语人才培养具有特殊的价值和意义.%Along with the rapid development of China's economy, as well as the trend of economic globalization, the market demands more talents who are specialized in business English. Nowadays, the daily English conversation and the specialized knowledge of business English are not closely combined in the teaching process,which is especially common in the English teaching of junior colleges.The students of junior colleges with poor ability in English often fall short when leaning business English.The Immersive method provides the learners with a favorable English context which preferably combines "business" and"English".Thus, it focuses on the acquisition of business knowledge, and has a special value and significance for the cultivation of business English talents.

  5. Pre-College Career Guidance and Persistence at a Small Private University in Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Raymond D.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed methods study was designed to determine the type and quality of pre-college career guidance experiences of college freshmen and the impact of those experiences on student performance and retention. This study was limited to first time freshmen at a small private university in Tennessee. The population was 46% male and 54% female from 6…

  6. Relationship of facing-audience communication apprehension,parental rearing style and loneliness among col-lege freshmen%大学新生面众恐惧与父母教养方式、孤独感的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹维兴; 谢玲平; 王洪礼

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore relationship of facing-audience communication apprehension to parental rea-ring style and loneliness in college freshmen.Methods Totally 1072 college freshmen were selected.They were assessed with the Facing-audience Communication Apprehension Scale (revised version of 201 1),the Short-form Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran for Chinese (s-EMBU-C)and UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3).The relationship among these factors was analyzed by structural equation modeling.Results The scores of FACA were higher in female students than in males [(67.25 ±19.66)vs (74.47 ±20.71),t =-5.815,P <0.001,d =0.367],and the scores of FACA were lower in the freshmen who come from city than freshmen who come from country [(65.99 ±20.69 ) vs (71.96 ± 20.41),t =-3.307,P <0.001,d =0.293].The FACA and loneliness scores were negatively correlated with paren-tal warmth (r =-0.18, -0.15),while the FACA and loneliness scores were positively correlated with the scores of parental denial,parental over-protect (r =0.13,0.15,0.15,0.15,0.43).Structural equation model found loneli-ness played a partly mediating role between positively parenting styles and facing-audience communication apprehension, mediation effect accounted for 63.8%,and played a completely mediating role between negatively parenting styles and fa-cing-audience communication apprehension.Conclusion There may be a close relation of parenting styles and facing-au-dience communication apprehension, and parenting styles could affect facing-audience communication apprehension through loneliness.%目的:探讨大学新生面众恐惧与父母教养方式、孤独感之间的具体关系。方法采取整群抽样方法,选取贵州省4所省直重点高校的1072名大一新生,采用《中国大学生面众恐惧调查量表》(2011修订版)、《简式父母教养方式问卷中文版》(s-EMBU-C)、UCLA 孤独量表对大学新生进行测评,运用矩结构方程分析变量之间关系。结

  7. Voicing Strategies Employed in Narrow Listening Among Iranian Female Freshmen

    OpenAIRE

    Mohsen Shahrokhi; Farinaz Shirani Bidabadi; Hamidah Yamat

    2013-01-01

    This study discusses the findings of a qualitative study on the strategies used by Iranian female freshmen in narrow listening. The data collected through semi-structured interview with 12 female freshmen (four learners as  advanced, four as intermediate and four as low) chosen purposefully based on their scores in the Oxford Placement Test administered. Six out of 12 freshmen were identified for the think-aloud protocol to draw out the strategies they used. The data collected were analyzed u...

  8. Features of physical development of youths - freshmen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gnatyuk T.M.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available It is shown the results of study of indexes of physical development of youths - freshmen. It is conducted the estimation of builds on the methods of Pinye and development of thorax on the methods of Erisman. By means of indexes the individual proper indexes of physical development are expected. Set, that all youths have insufficient development of skeletal musculature. Indexes which require the correction of physical education facilities are certain.

  9. Attitudes of psychology freshmen to mathematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tenjović Lazar R.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Two components of the attitude towards mathematics were examined on the groups of psychology and ethnology freshmen using the Attitude to Mathematics Questionnaire by L. Aiken: Enjoyments in mathematics and Value of Mathematics. The means of the psychology students on the two components of the attitude towards mathematics were almost in the middle between those of the civil engineering students on the one side, and those of the ethnology students on the other side. However, considering the markedly asymmetric result distributions on specific components of the attitude towards mathematics, with a view of more real positioning of the psychology students compared with the remaining two groups according to their relation to mathematics, all the subjects were clustered pursuant to their answers to the respective Questionnaire items. The cluster analysis results lead to the conclusion that in their attitude towards mathematics most of the psychology freshmen are closer to the students of those faculties who use mathematics as basic ''tools'' than to the students freshly enrolled in other fields traditionally not employing mathematical ''tools'' in their work. Likewise, a positive attitude towards mathematics prevails in the psychology freshmen.

  10. Correlation of meta moods and clinical behaviors of junior college nursing students%大专护生元情绪与临床实践行为相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘大媛; 潘义英; 向登翠; 陈华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the correlations between meta moods and clinical behavior of junior college nursing students and provide a scientific basis for improving students' ability of clinical practice.Method The trait meta mood scale(TMMS)and nursing students' clinical practice evaluation scale were used in the study among 120 junior college nursing students.Results The total scores on TMMS and the clinical behavior were(3.45±0.43)and(2.96±0.39),respectively.The scores on the three dimensions of meta moods were positively correlated with 7 dimensions of clinical behaviors and the total score(P<0.01 or P<0.05).Conclusions The meta moods of college nursing students are at high level and their clinical behaviors are at medium level.Teachers and nursing administrators should help students regulate and manage their emotions in order to promote their ability of clinical practice.%目的:了解大专护生元情绪与临床实践行为现状,并探讨两者之间的相关性,为提高护生的临床实践能力提供科学依据。方法采用特质性元情绪量表(trait meta-mood scale,TMMS)和护生临床实践行为评价量表对120名大专护生进行测评。结果大专护生TMMS总得分为(3.45±0.43)分;临床实践行为总得分为(2.96±0.39)分;元情绪3个维度及总分与临床实践行为7个维度及总分均呈正相关(P<0.01,P<0.05)。结论大专实习护生元情绪处于高水平,临床实践行为处于中等水平。带教老师和护理管理者应帮助实习护生对情绪进行调节和管理,以促进其临床实践能力的发展。

  11. Societal Factors; An Analysis of Selected Factors of Dormitory Students and Commuting Students at Johnson and Wales College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    Focusing on freshmen commuter students and freshmen dormitory students at Johnson and Wales College, general characteristics and academic achievement were measured. General entrance characteristics included student age, College Entrance Examination Board scores and high school rank. Academic achievement was measured in terms of student grades in…

  12. [Tracking study to improve basic academic ability in chemistry for freshmen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Atsuko; Morone, Mieko; Azuma, Yutaka

    2010-08-01

    The aims of this study were to assess the basic academic ability of freshmen with regard to chemistry and implement suitable educational guidance measures. At Tohoku Pharmaceutical University, basic academic ability examinations are conducted in chemistry for freshmen immediately after entrance into the college. From 2003 to 2009, the examination was conducted using the same questions, and the secular changes in the mean percentage of correct response were statistically analyzed. An experience survey was also conducted on 2007 and 2009 freshmen regarding chemical experiments at senior high school. Analysis of the basic academic ability examinations revealed a significant decrease in the mean percentage of correct responses after 2007. With regard to the answers for each question, there was a significant decrease in the percentage of correct answers for approximately 80% of questions. In particular, a marked decrease was observed for calculation questions involving percentages. A significant decrease was also observed in the number of students who had experiences with chemical experiments in high school. However, notable results have been achieved through the implementation of practice incorporating calculation problems in order to improve calculation ability. Learning of chemistry and a lack of experimental experience in high school may be contributory factors in the decrease in chemistry academic ability. In consideration of the professional ability demanded of pharmacists, the decrease in calculation ability should be regarded as a serious issue and suitable measures for improving calculation ability are urgently required.

  13. On the Application of Educational Wisdom to Class Man-agement of Polytechnic Schools and Junior Colleges%论教育智慧在中、高职班级管理中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏云柯

    2016-01-01

    Educational wisdom is an important reflection of teach-ers' ability and quality, and it embodies teachers' observation, the depth and flexibility of thinking, the determination of the will and so on. In practical education, every teacher needs to face the test:they have to face the various characteristics of the students in polytechnic schools and junior colleges with the complicated problems. They can use educational wisdom to solve difficult problems, thus more appropriately managing class affairs. From several aspects, the research elaborates the training and experi-ence of educational wisdom and the application of educational wisdom in the actual class management: an overview of educa-tional wisdom;manifestation of educational wisdom;the use of e-ducational wisdom; efficacy and problems needing attention in class management of polytechnic schools and junior colleges.%教育智慧是教师能力和素质的一种重要体现,体现出教师观察的敏锐性、思维的深刻性和灵活性、意志的果断性等。在实际的教育工作中,面临中、高职各式性格的学生和纷繁复杂的问题,能够运用教育智慧解决棘手的问题,从而较妥当地管理班级事务是每位教师需要面对的考验。本研究从教育智慧概述,教育智慧的表现方式,中、高职班级管理中教育智慧的运用、功效及需要注意的问题几个方面去阐述教育智慧的培养和历练以及在实际班级管理中的运用。

  14. 构建大学物理实验低年级本科生创新实践能力培育平台探究%Exploration on Innovative and Practical Abilities TrainingPlatform of Junior Undergraduates Based on College Physics Experiment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤琴; 林晓珑; 王丹

    2015-01-01

    General idea,implement measures and effectives have been expounded in this paper about innova-tive and practical abilities training platform of junior undergraduates based on college physics experiment.%阐述了构建大学物理实验低年级本科生创新实践能力培育平台建设的总体思路和实施措施以及所取得的成效。

  15. Can Ethics Be Taught? A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Impact of Class Size on the Cognitive Moral Reasoning of Freshmen Business Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a business ethics course on the cognitive moral reasoning of freshmen business students. The sample consisted of 268 college students enrolled in a required business ethics course. The students took Rest's Defining Issues Test--Version 2 (DIT2) as a pre-test and then post-test (upon…

  16. Can Ethics Be Taught? A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Impact of Class Size on the Cognitive Moral Reasoning of Freshmen Business Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a business ethics course on the cognitive moral reasoning of freshmen business students. The sample consisted of 268 college students enrolled in a required business ethics course. The students took Rest's Defining Issues Test--Version 2 (DIT2) as a pre-test and then post-test (upon…

  17. 适应力量表中文版的修订及在大学新生中的应用分析%Revision of the Chinese-version of the individual adaptability measure and its application and analysis in college freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁; 侯娅琼; 刘海骅; 黄峥

    2015-01-01

    Objective To revise the individual adaptability measure (I-ADAPT-M) developed by Ployhart & Bliese,and analyze the reliability and validity of its application in college freshmen.Methods Revise the I-ADAPT-M,One thousand and seven hundred freshmen were asked to complete the test,one month later,two hundred and seventy-seven freshmen were simple randomly chosen to report their General Life Satisfaction.Then,the data were analysis by SPSS 18.0 and Amos 4.0.Results The exploratory factor analysis showed that,the Chineseversion of the I-ADAPT-M consisted of 23 projects and 4 dimensions (crisis and creativity adaptability,interpersonal adaptability,stress tolerance adaptability,and resistant learning adaptability),which could account for over 45.344% of total variance.The Cronbacha coefficient of the Chinese-version of the I-ADAPT-M was 0.82.The confirmatory factor analyzed further revealed the structure of four-dimensional scale(x2=708.80,x2/df =3.16,CFI =0.95,NNFI =0.94,RMSEA =0.051,SRMR =0.053).Male had significant high core in crisis and creativity adaptability and resistant learning adaptability than female.Female had significant high core in interpersonal adaptability than male.Colleges-leader had significant high core in 4 dimensions than general students,it suggested that the Chinese-version of the I-ADAPT-M had good discriminant validity.General Life Satisfaction of the subjects had significant positive correlation with crisis and creativity adaptability,stress tolerance adaptability and interpersonal adaptability,had little correlation with resistant learning adaptability.Conclusion The Chinese-version of the I-A-DAPT-M has good reliability and validity to measure the individual adaptability of the freshman.%目的 修订Ployhart和Bliese编制的适应力量表(Individual Adaptability Measure,I-ADAPT-M)并分析其在大学新生应用的信度和效度.方法 修订I-ADAPT-M量表,对1 700名大学新生进行施测,并在1个月后随机抽取其中277

  18. Understanding on concepts of force of Thai freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usawinchai, Chokchai

    The central concept of Newtonian mechanics is force. Without this concept, the students would find the rest of mechanics very difficult to master. Based on this hypothesis, the understandings and misconceptions of Newtonian mechanics were investigated. Three hundred eighteen Thai freshmen participated in this study. The freshmen were divided into two groups according to their high school locations, Bangkok and other cities of Thailand. The Force Concept Inventory was used to probe the freshmen's understandings and misconceptions. The SPSS and EXCEL programs were used to analyze the data. The translation of the FCI into Thai and its subsequent validation is considered to be a significant contribution to physics education research. The analyses indicated freshmen had the best understanding on concepts of Newton's first and third laws and the least on Newton's second law. Several Misconceptions on Newtonian force concepts were found, similar to their USA counterparts. Statistically significant differences were found between the two groups of freshmen on understanding of Newtonian force concepts.

  19. EXCELLENCE IN CONTINUING EDUCATION, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL JUNIOR COLLEGE ADMINISTRATIVE TEAMS INSTITUTE (6TH, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, GAINESVILLE, AUGUST 7-9, 1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee.

    THE GROWING INTEREST IN CONTINUING EDUCATION ON THE LOCAL, STATE, AND NATIONAL LEVELS APPEARS RELATED TO (1) THE IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF THE GENERAL POPULATION, (2) THE CHANGING AND INCREASINGLY COMPLEX WORLD, (3) INCREASING LEISURE, AND (4) THE RISING STANDARD OF LIVING. RESEARCH INDICATES THAT (1) FEW COLLEGES EMPLOY ADULT EDUCATION…

  20. Journalism and Student Publications in American Junior Colleges; A Directory of Programs and Personnel with Selective Interpretation and Recommendations. Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deaver, Frank

    The directory presents data defining the scope of journalism instruction in the nation's two-year colleges. Entries for each institution are given alphabetically within states and include: journalism courses offered; journalism instructors and their background, experience, and responsibilities; student publications produced and pertinent…

  1. 高职英语专业学生英语元认知阅读策略调查研究%Metacognitive reading strategies of English majors at junior college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贝贝

    2012-01-01

    本文以高职英语专业学生为研究对象,采用问卷调查方法对元认知英语阅读策略的使用情况进行了实证性研究,利用探索性因子分析得出四种元认知阅读策略,分别为:制定计划、策略选择、自我评价和自我监控。研究表明高职英语专业学生能有意识地使用这四种元认知阅读策略,但整体的元认知策略使用水平中等,教师可以通过相关的学习策略培训提高学生的元认知策略运用水平。%The present study is based on an investigation with 72 English majors in one of the junior colleges on their use of metacognitive reading strategies.An exploratory factor analysis has yielded four types of metacognitive reading strategies,which are planning,choosing strategies,self-evaluating and self-monitoring.The results are presented with low frequency in the use of metacognitive reading strategies.However,the students’ use of metacognitive strategies in English reading can be improved through relevant training provided by the teacher.

  2. Psychological symptoms and associated risk factors in Chinese freshmen: a three-year follow-up study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Qi; HUANG Yue-qin; LIU Zhao-rui; WANG Hong

    2013-01-01

    Background The first year of attending university induces a stressful experience for many college students.The experience exposes these students to challenging circumstances and raises expectations,which consequently increases the risk of psychiatric disorders and may exacerbate pre-existing problems.This study was designed to explore the risk factors of psychological symptoms among freshmen in China.Methods A three-year follow-up study was designed in a sample of Chinese college freshmen.To set up the baseline interviews,subjects from 25 high schools in Beijing were interviewed during the first year in high school.Three years later,we followed up with the 1547 students from 15 of the previously-selected 25 high schools after they had entered universities.Association between potential risk factors and the occurrence of psychological symptoms measured by the Symptoms Check List-90 was evaluated in unconditional logistic regression models with Wald test.Results Among the 1547 interviewed college freshmen in the study,120 students (7.8%) manifested at least one psychological symptom.Personality dysfunction (OR=3.655,95% Cl 1.967-6.793),parental rejection (OR=2.619,95% Cl 1.544-4.442),age > 20 (OR=2.578,95% Cl 1.227-5.418),disfavored university (OR=2.054,95% Cl 1.376-3.066),nonfirst-choice academic major (OR=1.887,95% Cl 1.255-2.837) and no orientation (OR=1.739,95% Cl 1.025-2.951) were determined to be the risk factors of psychological symptoms among the college freshmen in China.Conclusions Psychological symptoms of college freshmen are associated with personality traits,parental rearing behavior and study environment.Therefore,it is important to pay attention to changes in mental health as students enter or decide on colleges and increase education geared towards mental health issues for students in high school and universities in China.

  3. Bullying victimization among college students: Negative consequences for alcohol use

    OpenAIRE

    Rospenda, Kathleen M.; Richman, Judith A.; Wolff, Jennifer M.; Burke, Larisa A.

    2013-01-01

    This study reports on the prevalence of bullying victimization at school and work among college freshmen, and the relationships between victimization and changes in alcohol consumption and alcohol problems. Web survey data at two points in time from a sample of 2118 freshmen from eight colleges and universities in the Midwestern United States indicated that 43% of students experienced bullying at school, and 33% of students experienced bullying at work. Bullying, particularly at school, consi...

  4. 一例大学新生适应不良问题的案例报告%A Case Report of a Case of College Freshmen Maladjustment Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付霞

    2016-01-01

    As a result of maladjustment, anxiety is a common psychological problem of college students. Patient appeared mo-odiness, interest, and interpersonal problem such as discomfort, anxiety, irritability, insomnia in the next semester freshman , He was upset for consultation,, He was diagnosed with general psychological problems. Using Baker and Remy cognitive ther-apy changed the patient's mistake cognition. After 5 times consulting, patient's anxiety disappeared , can live and study happily. After half a year, patient had fully integrated into the university life, took an active part in community activities, had good in-terpersonal relationship.%因适应不良导致焦虑是大学生常见的心理现象。求助者在大一下学期出现了情绪低落、兴趣减退、人际交往不适、焦虑烦躁、失眠等问题,内心烦躁前来咨询,诊断为一般心理问题。采用贝克和雷米的认知疗法逐渐改变求助者的错误认知,经过5次咨询,求助者的焦虑情况基本消失,能愉快地生活和学习。咨询结束后半年,求助者已充分融入大学生活,成绩优秀,积极参加社团活动,人际关系良好。

  5. 太极拳锻炼与大学新生心理健康的相关研究%Taijiquan Exercise on the Imbalance of College Freshmen Psychological

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鼎

    2016-01-01

    This article uses the literature m aterial, the Connellm edical questionnaires, through carrying on the investigation of S ichuan University of A rts and Science literature and new s Institute 2014 level of university freshm en before and after exercise Taijiquan exercise group and non exercise group, in order to analyze and study the effect of Taijiquan Exercise on the psychological health of University freshm en.Results: the psychological health status of Taijiquan exercise group w as better than before exercise, and non exercise group, 6 indicators exist in 5 psychological indexes w as significant, 1 highly significant. That has a positive significant effect of Taijiquan Exercise on the psychological health of university freshm en, can comprehensively improve the level ofm ental health of university freshm en, providing scientific basis for college student m anagem ent w orkers through Taijiquan exercise training and intervention on them ental health of University freshm en.%采用文献资料、康奈尔医学调查问卷等方法,通过对四川文理学院文学与新闻学院2014级大学新生太极拳锻炼组锻炼前后和非锻炼组进行调查,分析和探讨太极拳锻炼对大学新生失衡心理的影响效果。结果发现:太极拳组锻炼后的心理健康状况明显好于锻炼前和非锻炼组,6项心理指标都具有高度显著性。说明太极拳锻炼对大学新生的心理调适具有较显著的积极影响效果,能够较全面提高大学新生的心理健康水平,为高校学生管理工作者通过太极拳锻炼对大学新生心理健康培养和干预提供了科学的实验依据。

  6. 大一新生适应障碍现象分析%Analysis of Freshmen Adaptation Obstacles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓华

    2011-01-01

    Whether college freshmen can adapt themselves to the college life will exert a deep influence on their later study and career, most freshmen are lack of the necessary psychological preparation, feeling at a loss when faced with new environment and interpersonal relationship. As a result, the heavy weight on their mind has a deep influence on their normal study and life.This paper analyzes the causes of the adaptive obstacles among freshmen.%大学新生的入学适应问题对整个大学生活乃至将来职业生涯会产生较大的影响.由于学习和生活环境、学习方式和方法和人际交往等方面的变化新生表现出许多的心理适应不良,不同程度地出现学业紧张、心理困惑、人际交往障碍、频繁违纪等各种各样的问题.本文对该现象的表现及原因进行了分析.

  7. 空间教学对专科护生自主学习能力影响的探讨%The study of the influence of space teaching on junior-college nursing students; autonomous learning ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红涛; 董彩梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective We aimed to assess the influence of space teaching on junior-college nursing students' autonomous learning ability.Methods Using random number table,two classes of junior-college nursing students of Grade 2012 were selected and divided into the experimental group (46 students) and the control group (47 students) according to their classes.Students in the control group received routine multimedia teaching.Students in the experimental group received space teaching based on the platform of World University City.The effect of space teaching on developing nursing students' autonomous learning ability was assessed with the help of their test results and the nursing students' autonomous learning ability evaluation form.Results After carrying out space teaching,the average grade,theoretical performance,total points,the total score of autonomous learning ability and the score of each dimension in the experimental group and the differences were remarkably higher than those of the control group (t value was 2.80,2.45,2.29 and 11.58).Conclusions Space teaching can assist in arousing nursing students' learning motivation and improving nursing students' independent learning ability.It can be used for reference and promoted.%目的 评价空间教学对专科护生自主学习能力的影响.方法 采用随机数表法抽取2012级全日制统招专科护理专业2个班护生,按班级设为实验组46人和对照组47人.对照组护生采用常规多媒体课件授课,实验组护生基于世界大学城平台实施空间教学,通过课程考核成绩和护理专业学生自主学习能力测评量表评价空间教学对培养护生自主学习能力的效果.结果 空间教学课程开展后实验组护生平时成绩、卷面理论成绩、总分、自主学习能力总分和各维度得分均显著高于对照组(t值分别为2.80,2.45,2.29和11.58),差异有统计学意义.结论 空间教学有助于激发护生学习动机,促进护生自主学习能力的提高,可以借鉴推广.

  8. 大学生新生心理健康调查%A Survey on Freshmen's Mental Health in Xiamen University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱兰英; 王康平; 王一为

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mental health of freshmen in Xiamen Un iversity. Methods: A total of 2 226 freshmen of 1998 from Xiamen University comp leted the SCL-90. Results: There were 153 students who sco red above 3 on one or more sub-scales. The most common mental health problems were compulsion, interpe rsonal sensitivity, and paranoia. Students from the College of Foreign Language, Art Education, Medicine, and Humanities reported more mental problems than thos e from the College of Computer and Information Engineering, Physics and Electrom echanical Engineering. Girls were more likely to suffer from phobic anxiety, dep ression, somatization, anxiety, and interpersonal sensitivity than boys, and the y were less hostile than boys. Conclusion: The mental heal th conditions were fou nd to be different for students from different colleges and departments. There w as also significant gender difference in major mental health problems.

  9. Empiricism of PE club teaching mode in junior colleges%高职院校“俱乐部制”体育教学模式的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何瑞映

    2012-01-01

    For exploring the effect of the P.E Club teaching mode is introduced to explore the effects of physical education in the junior college.The empiricist study wan carried out by different methods like literature,statistics,experiment and survey.taking group experiment to 100 students were taken into two groups to do an experiment and compare the two groups in physical fitness,psychological anxiety and self-training sense.The results showed that P.E Club teaching mode made physical fitness and psychological anxiety all better than otherwise.%为探索高职院校体育教学引入俱乐部制教学模式的效果。运用文献资料法、实验法、问卷调查法、数理统计法,对两组采用不同教学模式的(100名)学生进行分组教学实验,对比分析两组学生的体质、心理焦虑水平及其自主锻炼意识。研究显示:俱乐部制体育教学模式对学生体质提高、焦虑缓解的作用优于传统体育教学模式;俱乐部制体育教学模式对于培养学生课外锻炼意识具有积极作用;俱乐部制体育教学模式较传统教学模式更利于优化学生参与体育锻炼动机结构。

  10. Parental Influence on College and Vocational Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venerable, Wilbur R.

    1974-01-01

    Reports on a survey made of 300 freshmen college students on the amount of perceived parental influence on college and vocational choice. Although students surveyed indicated that they made their own decisions, most said that they sought parental advice on important issues. (Author/PC)

  11. Evaluating College Student Interest in Pet Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamle, Kathleen N.; Riley, Tracy A.; Carlson, Tracey

    2009-01-01

    The first year of college can be extremely stressful, especially for students residing on campus. Objective: The authors obtained information from college freshmen about their relationships with pets and investigated interest in a pet therapy program as social support for transient stressful periods. Participants: As part of a university…

  12. A Study of the Concept and Practical Experience of Partnership Cooperation Between College and Junior High/elementary Schools in Taiwan%台湾推动大学与中小学携手合作:理念、实践与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜宝月; 欧用生; 张素贞

    2011-01-01

    本文对台湾因课程改革之需于2003—2006年推动的“大学与国中小学教师专业伙伴携手合作计划”进行解析。此计划的目标在于通过师资培育大学与中小学携手合作建立较长期专业发展伙伴关系来使课程理论与实务相结合,提升教学效果,展现课程改革的成效。文中深入探讨了台湾大学与中小学合作的的内涵及实施模式、限制与挑战,并的实践策略。%This paper discusses "the partnership program between college and junior high/elementary schools" between 2003-2006 that our country responded to curriculum reformation and has begun to program in Taiwan. The objective of the project is to facilitate the partnership relation between college and junior high/elementary schools through the support requests from junior high/elementary schools to teacher-training college or vice versa. We hope to combine curriculum theoretical with practical and to promote the effect of study and show the result of curriculum reformation. Therefore, we hope we can understand thoroughly and evaluate the advantages of this program, moreover, we can find out the tactic of partnership concepts and actions, and we can explore the concept and practice strategy of professional partnership program in Taiwan.

  13. Caffeine Consumption Patterns and Beliefs of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlvain, Gary E.; Noland, Melody P.; Bickel, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Background: Caffeine consumption by young people has increased dramatically over the last decade through increased coffee consumption and "energy drinks." In higher amounts, caffeine causes many adverse effects that are cause for concern. Purpose: Purposes of this study were to determine: (1) the amount of caffeine consumed by a sample…

  14. Gender Differences in Self-Efficacy among Latino College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, J. Derek

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the changes in self-efficacy among Latinos during the freshman year in a highly selective institution. Results indicate that gender differences exist during this period. Males rate themselves high in self-efficacy at the beginning of the year, while females rate themselves low. An interaction effect occurs at the end of the…

  15. Predicting College Success: The Relative Contributions of Five Social/Personality Factors, Five Cognitive/Learning Factors, and SAT Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannon, Brenda

    2014-01-01

    To-date, studies have examined simultaneously the relative predictive powers of two or three factors on GPA. The present study examines the relative powers of five social/personality factors, five cognitive/learning factors, and SAT scores to predict freshmen and non-freshmen (sophomores, juniors, seniors) academic success (i.e., GPA). The results revealed many significant predictors of GPA for both freshmen and non-freshmen. However, subsequent regressions showed that only academic self-efficacy, epistemic belief of learning, and high-knowledge integration explained unique variance in GPA (19%-freshmen, 23.2%-non-freshmen). Further for freshmen, SAT scores explained an additional unique 10.6% variance after the influences attributed to these three predictors was removed whereas for non-freshmen, SAT scores failed to explain any additional variance. These results highlight the unique and important contributions of academic self-efficacy, epistemic belief of learning and high-knowledge integration to GPA beyond other previously-identified predictors. PMID:25568884

  16. Predicting College Success: The Relative Contributions of Five Social/Personality Factors, Five Cognitive/Learning Factors, and SAT Scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannon, Brenda

    2014-10-01

    To-date, studies have examined simultaneously the relative predictive powers of two or three factors on GPA. The present study examines the relative powers of five social/personality factors, five cognitive/learning factors, and SAT scores to predict freshmen and non-freshmen (sophomores, juniors, seniors) academic success (i.e., GPA). The results revealed many significant predictors of GPA for both freshmen and non-freshmen. However, subsequent regressions showed that only academic self-efficacy, epistemic belief of learning, and high-knowledge integration explained unique variance in GPA (19%-freshmen, 23.2%-non-freshmen). Further for freshmen, SAT scores explained an additional unique 10.6% variance after the influences attributed to these three predictors was removed whereas for non-freshmen, SAT scores failed to explain any additional variance. These results highlight the unique and important contributions of academic self-efficacy, epistemic belief of learning and high-knowledge integration to GPA beyond other previously-identified predictors.

  17. [Operation of a school adaptation program considering the interpersonal needs of medical freshmen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hur, Yera; Cho, A Ra; Kim, Sun

    2014-12-01

    We examined two overarching topics: What are the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation-Behavior (FIRO-B), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores in medical students? Do their interpersonal needs correlate with stress and depression? FIRO-B, PSS-10, and SDS were administered to 82 freshmen in College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea in 2014. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, frequency, two-way analysis of variance, independent t-test, and Pearson correlation analysis using SPSS version 21.0 (IBM Corp.). The level of interpersonal needs was medium range (mean, 24.52). The mean perceived stress score was 18.6. Also, 59.8% and 40.2% of students had normal range (<20) and high stress (≥20). The mean score for depression was 36.3. Further, 97.6% and 2.4% of students had normal range (≤49) and mild depression (≤59). Wanted behavior correlated with stress (r=0.056) and depression (r=0.021). Expressed behavior correlated negatively with stress (r=-0.206) and depression (r=-0.301). The interpersonal needs of medical freshmen are related to stress and depression. These results can be used effectively in school adaptation programs for medical students to improve their quality of life.

  18. 提升专科层次全科医学师资整体素质的有效对策%Effective Countermeasures for Promoting the Overall Quality of General Medical Teachers for Physicians with Junior College Diplomas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐江荣; 郭化山

    2011-01-01

    培养专科层次面向农村与社区的全科医学人才,师资是关键.为了提升专科层次全科医学师资整体素质,保证全科医学人才培养质量,采取"加强学习、组织培训、实行考评"的策略,促使全科医学教师从思维理念、道德品行、教学方法及全科医学理论知识与实践技能等素质方面得到全面提升.同时,根据全科医学专、兼职教师的不同教学特点,促使其对全科医学知识、技能与职业素质的有机融合,显著提高教学质量.该策略对建设一支高素质全科医学师资队伍,推动全科医学向深层次发展均具有重要作用.%As for training general medical talents with junior college diplomas for rural areas and communities, quality of the teachers is crucial. In order to promote the overall quality of general medical teachers and to ensure the quality of talents training , measures of learning strengthening, training arrangement and implementing evaluation are taken to comprehensively enhance the quality of the teachers from aspects including ideas , morality, teaching skills and their general medical knowledge and skills. At the same time, according to the different teaching characteristics of professional and part - time teachers on general medicine, strategies are taken to better integrate general medical knowledge , skills and professional quality, which in turn improve the teaching quality notahly. The strategies play a significant role in building a high - class training faculty and promoting the further development of general medicine.

  19. 新入学文理科专科护生的学习风格比较研究%Comparative study on learning styles of new nursing students in arts and sciences in junior college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗霜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To know about the learning styles and preference of nursing students in arts and sciences.Methods:The new nursing students in arts and sciences received the questionnaire by using the Kolb learning style scale.Results:The distribution of learning styles of nursing students in junior colleges were mainly based on divergence and assimilation,and the aggregation and adaptation style were less.There was difference in learning styles of students between in arts and sciences(P <0.05).The learning style of nursing students in arts was the divergent type.The learning style of nursing students in sciences was the assimilation model.Conclu-sion:The learning style of nursing students in Grade 1 is not suitable for the cultivation of talents.There are some differences in learning styles of students between in sciences and arts.Teachers should teach nursing students in arts and sciences in accordance with their aptitude,and according to the talents training requirements to guide students to shape professional related learning style.%[目的]了解文科、理科护理专业学生的学习风格和偏好。[方法]采用 Kolb 学习风格量表对新入学文科、理科护理专业学生进行问卷调查。[结果]专科学校护理专业学生的学习风格分布以发散型和同化型风格居多,聚合型和顺应型风格偏少;文科和理科护理学生的学习风格分布有差异(P <0.05),文科护生发散型最多,理科护生同化型最多。[结论]1年级护生的学习风格与人才培养目标不太适应,文理科护生的学习风格有一定差异,教师对文理科护生要因材施教,并根据人才培养要求有意识地引导学生塑造和本专业学习更匹配的学习风格。

  20. Influence of different dietary patterns on bone mineral density and body mass index of college freshmen in nrban and rural areas of China%城乡不同膳食模式对大学新生骨密度、体重指数值影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素芳; 穆敏; 阮亮; 赵奇红; 博庆丽; 李李; 盛杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective To find out the differences of dietary patterns among freshmen coming from urban and rural areas that might have influenced their bone mineral density and body mass index (BMI).Methods With stratified random sampling method,dietary patterns and their bone mineral density,BMI of 1319 freshmen were studied.Results (1) The ratios of urban freshunen who chose "western food" pattern ( x2=31.548,P=0.000; x2=13.068,P=0.001 ),"animal food" pattern ( x2=8.279,P=0.016; x2=41.137,P=0.000) or "calcium food" pattern (x2=37.254,P=0.000; x2=15.651,P=0.000) were higher than that of rural freshmen,and the ratios of rural freshmen who chose "Chinese traditional" pattern (x2=36.194,P=0.000; x2=25.936,P=0.000) were higher than that of urban freshmen.(2) The average height,weight,BMI,speed of sound (SOS) of male freshmen from rural areas were lower than that from the city and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Among those female freshmen,only height and weight were significantly different (P<0.05).(3) In both rural and urban frestunen,the factor scores of "westem food" pattern had a positive correlation with BMI,with the correlation coefficients as 0.187,0.192,0.551,0.465 (P<0.001).The factor scores of "calcium food" pattern were positively related to bone mineral density (SOS values)with correlation coefficients as 0.680,0.342,0.841,0.786,P< 0.001 respectively.The factor scores on "Chinese traditional" pattern were negatively correlated with BMI,with correlation coefficients as -0.223,-0.093 (P<0.05) which were positively related to bone mineral density (SOS values) in both rural and urban male freshmen,with correlation coefficients as 0.905,0.711 (P<0.001).Conclusion Different dietary patterns chosen by urban and rural freshmen had a significant impact on both bone mineral density and BMI.%目的 了解城乡来源大学新生膳食模式差异,分析膳食模式与骨密度、体重指数(BMI)的关系.方法 采取分层

  1. Factors influencing internet addiction in a sample of freshmen university students in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Xiaoli; Yan, Hong; Chen, Silu; Liu, Zhengwen

    2009-06-01

    The prevalence of Internet addiction and influential factors associated with Internet addiction among freshmen college students were investigated in this study. A total of 3557 first-year university students from a university in northwest China were surveyed with Young's 20-item Internet Addiction Test (IAT) questionnaire, a Self-Rating Depression scale (SDS), a Self-Rating Anxiety scale (SAS), and a basic information questionnaire. A rate of 6.44% of the participants surveyed showed Internet addiction. The students with Internet addiction had higher scores of SDS and SAS compared with those without Internet addiction (p Internet addiction (p Internet use, the age of the student, city residence, and homesickness were significantly associated with Internet addiction (p depression, anxiety, and other influential factors associated with Internet addiction at the beginning of their university life to guarantee the fulfillment of their academic study and graduation.

  2. Popular Culture in the Junior College Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonergan, David; Ayers, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    Popular culture is extremely influential in both academe and society at large. However, formal disciplinary study of popular culture lags far behind that influence. Anthropology, film studies, history, musicology, and sociology are only some of the disciplines that frequently include popular culture as a research focus. This article advises on how…

  3. Popular Culture in the Junior College Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonergan, David; Ayers, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    Popular culture is extremely influential in both academe and society at large. However, formal disciplinary study of popular culture lags far behind that influence. Anthropology, film studies, history, musicology, and sociology are only some of the disciplines that frequently include popular culture as a research focus. This article advises on how…

  4. Determinants of personal and household hygiene among college students in New York City, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miko, Benjamin A; Cohen, Bevin; Conway, Laurie; Gilman, Allan; Seward, Samuel L; Larson, Elaine

    2012-12-01

    Although several studies have characterized the hygiene habits of college students, few have assessed the determinants underlying such behaviors. Our study sought to describe students' knowledge, practices, and beliefs about hygiene and determine whether there is an association between reported behaviors and frequency of illness. A sample of 299 undergraduate students completed a questionnaire assessing demographics, personal and household hygiene behaviors, beliefs and knowledge about hygiene, and general health status. Variation in reported hygiene habits was noted across several demographic factors. Women reported "always" washing their hands after using the toilet (87.1%) more than men (65.3%, P = .001). Similarly, freshmen reported such behavior (80.4%) more than sophomores (71.9%), juniors (67.7%), or seniors (50%, P = .011). Whereas 96.6% of participants thought that handwashing was either "very important" or "somewhat important" for preventing disease, smaller proportions thought it could prevent upper respiratory infections (85.1%) or gastroenteritis (48.3%), specifically. There was no significant relationship between reported behaviors and self-reported health status. The hygiene habits of college students may be motivated by perceptions of socially acceptable behavior rather than scientific knowledge. Interventions targeting the social norms of incoming and continuing students may be effective in improving hygiene determinants and ultimately hygiene practices. Copyright © 2012 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Evolution of sociology freshmen into a friendship network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duijn, Marijtje A.J. van; Zeggelink, Evelien P.H.; Huisman, Mark; Stokman, Frans N.; Wasseur, Frans W.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we both describe and analyze the meeting process and the evolution of a friendship network among sociology freshmen in the Netherlands. We develop a theory that explains how changes in the network structure depend on one or more of four main effects: proximity, visible similarity, invi

  6. Information Search Process Model: How Freshmen Begin Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, Deborah E.

    1996-01-01

    Investigates Kuhlthau's Search Process Model for information seeking using two Freshmen English classes. Data showed that students followed the six stages Kuhlthau proposed and suggest extensions to the model, including changing the order of the tasks, iterating and combining steps, and revising search goals based on social and interpersonal…

  7. Introduction for Freshmen to Embedded Systems Using LEGO Mindstorms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seung Han; Jeon, Jae Wook

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the course presented here is to introduce freshmen to embedded systems using LEGO Mindstorms, under an ANSI-C programming environment. The students build their own LEGO robots, make programs for them using ANSI-C, and operate them. By creating these LEGO robots, the students become more motivated, learning the basic concepts of…

  8. How to do college students' English vocabulary training work--freshmen in independent colleges as an example%浅析如何进行大学生英语词汇培训工作--以独立学院大一新生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆姝; 姜丽娜

    2015-01-01

    Vocabulary teaching is a key problem for independent college freshman English teaching. Therefore, to explore the scientific and effective English vocabulary learning strategies training way, to solve the problems existing in the teaching process and further improve the level of English vocabulary teaching, improve students' English vocabulary learning ability, expand students' knowledge, students are encouraged to read widely, etc., have very important practical significance. In this paper, the author will combine to college English vocabulary teaching experience for many years, on the basis of an independent college freshman for emphasis, the brief analysis of ways and means to cultivate college students' English vocabulary learning strategies.%词汇教学是独立学院大一新生英语教学的难点。因此,探索科学、有效英语词汇学习策略的培训途径对于解决教学过程中存在的问题和进一步提高英语词汇教学水平,提高学生英语词汇学习能力,拓展学生的知识面,鼓励学生广泛阅读等方面都有十分重要的实践意义。本文笔者将结合多年来大学生英语词汇教学经验的基础上,以独立学院的大一新生为着重点,简要分析培养大学生英语词汇学习策略的途径和方式方法。

  9. Investigation on the physical and mental health status in poverty-stricken college students%高校贫困大学生的身心健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇; 赵仁环; 贺连平

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查贫困大学生的身心健康状况,为提高大学生健康状况提供科学依据.方法:对某高校1 645名大学生进行入学健康体检和心理健康测量,其中大一贫困生234名,大一非贫困生684名,大三贫困生232名,大三非贫困生495名.心理健康测量采用症状自评量表(SCL-90).结果:①在大一年级健康体检中,贫困生心电图异常一项检出率高于非贫困生(P<0.05).②大三贫困生躯体化、人际关系敏感、抑郁和焦虑4项得分高于大一贫困生(P<0.05).结论:学校有关部门应加强针对贫困生的身心健康干预措施,以维护贫困生的身心健康.%Objective: To investigate the physical and mental health status in poverty-stricken college students for scientific evidence to improve the physical and mental health levels in this group. Methods: Entrance medical examination and measurement of the mental health were conducted in 1 645 students from certain higher institution. Included in this study were 234 poverty-stricken freshmen and 684 with normal living freshmen,232 poverty-stricken juniors and 495 with normal living supply. Symptom Checklist-90( SCL-90 ) was used to measure the mental health. Results: ①Medical examination showed that the poverty-stricken freshmen had a higher incidence of abnormal electrocardiogram than their counterparts( P <0.05 ). ②The poverty-stricken juniors scored higher on items of somatization,interpersonal sensitivity,depression and anxiety as compared with the freshman counterparts( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion: School authorities should give more attention to the poverty-stricken college students by psychological interventions to improve their physical and mental health levels.

  10. From access to success in science: An academic-student affairs intervention for undergraduate freshmen biology students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, Jacqueline Nouvelle

    The first year experience is known to present an array of challenges for traditional college students. In particular, freshmen who major in a STEM discipline have their own unique set of challenges when they transition from high school science and math to college science and math; especially chemistry. As a result, students may encounter negative experiences which lower academic and social confidence. This project was designed as a pilot study intervention for a small group of freshmen biology students who were considered academically at-risk due their math SAT scores. The study occurred during the fall semester involving an enhanced active learning component based on the Peer-led Team Learning (PLTL) general chemistry supplemental pedagogy model, and a biology-focused First Year Experience (FYE). PLTL workshops took place in freshmen residence halls, creating a live-n-learn community environment. Mid-term and final chemistry grades and final math grades were collected to measure academic progress. Self-reporting surveys and journals were used to encourage participants to reconstruct their experiences and perceptions of the study. Descriptive analysis was performed to measure statistical significance between midterm and final grade performance, and a general inductive qualitative method was used to determine academic and social confidence as well as experiences and perceptions of the project. Findings of this project revealed a statistically significant improvement between chemistry midterm and final grades of the sample participants. Although academic confidence did not increase, results reveal that social confidence progressed as the majority of students developed a value for studying in groups.

  11. 心理复原力对大学新生主观幸福感的影响 ——宽恕他人与宽恕自我的作用%The Influence of Psychological Resilience on Subjective Well-being of College Freshmen:The Function of Interpersonal Forgiveness and Self-forgiveness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴艳; 高玮; 黄郁

    2016-01-01

    Psychological Resilience refers to the phenomenon that a person recovers to a positive adaptation psychological state after going through significant adversity. From the point of ability, high trait resilience individuals can quickly recover from the adversity to positive adaptation (such as the experience of happiness). Previous research mainly discussed the psychological mechanism of high trait resilience individuals who can rapidly recover from the dilemma and applied these results to the daily training. The study discusses the effects of interpersonal forgiveness and self-forgiveness in freshmen between resilience and subjective well-being. The Heartland of forgiveness scale, subjective well-being scale and college resilience scale are used to measure, and 275 valid questionnaires are statistically analyzed. The results show: (1) There are no significant differences in gender, origin, discipline variables of the total scores of the forgiveness, resilience and subjective well-being. But there are significant differences in some dimensions. (2) Psychological resilience and forgiveness are positively related to subjective well-being. (3) Resilience needs interpersonal forgiveness to effect people's subjective well-being, and there are both mediating effect and moderating effects of self-forgiveness psychology between resilience and subjective well-being. These findings suggest that forgiveness tends to facilitate high trait resilience individuals to raise their subjective well-being. Future research can further explore how to forgive others and self through training, improving low trait resilience individual subjective well-being.%心理复原力是指个体在经历重大困境之后回复到之前积极心理适应状态的现象.从能力的角度来看,高特质性复原力个体具有快速从困境中回复到积极心理适应状态(诸如体验到幸福)的能力. 既往的研究主要探讨高特质性复原力个体从困境中恢复的心理机制,并

  12. Student Attitudes toward Affirmative Action in College Admissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arredondo, Marisol; Sax, Linda J.

    1999-01-01

    A national survey of 277,850 college freshmen examined attitudes toward affirmative action in college admissions for four racial/ethnic groups: Whites, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, and Mexican-Americans. The study analyzed the extent to which student opposition to affirmative action is driven by factors such as self-interest, political…

  13. Assessing College Students’ Quantitative and Scientific Reasoning: The James Madison University Story

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John D. Hathcoat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantitative and scientific reasoning is a critical student learning outcome in higher education. Data are presented for large samples of undergraduate students who were assessed as entering freshmen and then again after completing 45-70 credit hours. Results are presented around four key issues that are central to educational assessment. First, entering freshmen with transfer credits for quantitative and scientific reasoning courses that fulfill general education requirements, on average, score similar to entering freshmen without such credit. About 97% of entering freshmen who had transfer credits received their credits through dual enrollment programs. As a sophomore-junior, students who had completed their general education requirements performed similar to students who had started, but not yet finished these requirements. Second, small to moderate correlations were observed between grade-point averages in relevant general education coursework and quantitative and scientific reasoning. Third, students’ quantitative and scientific reasoning, on average, increases from freshmen to sophomore/junior years. Finally, the proportion of students who meet faculty-set standards substantially increases from pre-test to post-test. Taken together, results suggest that changes in quantitative and scientific reasoning are a function of relevant courses. Additional research is needed to examine the role of lower-level versus higher-level courses in student performance. Results also indicate a need to investigate how differences in the quality of dual enrollment courses facilitate quantitative and scientific reasoning.

  14. 全科医学知识理论对专科医学生临床实践和就业导向的作用调查%Role of General Medical Knowledge and Theory to Junior Medical College Students in Clinical Practice and Employment Orientation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾坪; 何坪; 邓宇; 李曼霞; 周洪敏; 江敏; 周永芬; 吴建华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the role of general medical knowledge and theory to junior medical college students in clinical practice and employment orientation.Methods Totally 50 graduating clinical medical students in junior medical colleges, recruited hy cluster sampling, were surveyed by questionnaires to understand their cognition, attitudes and interests to general practice, the function of general practice in clinical practice and their employment direction.Results Some 93.18% of the students thought that general practice study was helpful to clinical internship; 75.0% thought general practice knowledge could he used in clinical internship; 55.0% did not want to engage in community health service work, their reasons were lower incomes ( accounting for 36.36% ) and uncertain future ( accounting for 45.45% ).Conclusion The knowledge and theory teaching on general practice carried out for junior college students majoring in clinical medicine can improve the clinical application rate of general practice and the students' sense of professional belongings.%目的 评价全科医学知识理论对专科医学生临床实践与就业导向的作用.方法 整群抽取在渝高校应届临床医学专业毕业生50人,进行问卷调查,了解其对全科医学的认知态度及兴趣、全科医学对临床实践工作的作用及其就业去向.结果 93.18%的学生认为学习全科医学对临床实习有帮助,75.0%的学生在临床实习中运用全科医学知识.55.0%的学生不愿意从事社区全科医生工作,认为待遇较低和前途不明朗者分别占36.36%和45.45%.结论 结合我国社区卫生政策和工作实际,在临床医学专科生中开展全科医学知识理论教学,能提高全科医学的临床应用率和学生的专业归宿感.

  15. Top Gainers: Some Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities Make Big Improvements in Minority Graduation Rates. College Results Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engle, Jennifer; Theokas, Christina

    2010-01-01

    Each year, nearly 400,000 minority students enroll as freshmen in a four-year college, hoping to realize all of the opportunities that earning a bachelor's degree affords. Many arrive on campus having overcome underfunded high schools, an intimidating college-admissions process, and daunting financial circumstances. Yet despite their persistence…

  16. Short-Term Evaluation of a Web-Based College Alcohol Misuse and Harm Prevention Course (College Alc)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschal, Mallie J.; Bersamin, Melina; Fearnow-Kenney, Melodie; Wyrick, David; Currey, David

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the short-term effects of a web-based alcohol misuse and harm prevention course (College Alc) among incoming freshmen at a California public university. Analysis results indicated that at the end of the fall semester, students randomly assigned to College Alc (n = 173) had a higher level of alcohol-related knowledge and less…

  17. Relationship between Mathematics Skills of Entering Students and Their Success in College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waits, Bert K.; Demana, Franklin

    1988-01-01

    Collected data on more than 20,000 incoming college freshmen for the years of 1976, 1980, and 1981, tracking each student by computer for 16 consecutive quarters using course grade database tapes. Highest class rank achieved and college major were determined for each student. Results suggest importance of students entering college with good…

  18. High School Drinker Typologies Predict Alcohol Involvement and Psychosocial Adjustment during Acclimation to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersh, Matthew A.; Hussong, Andrea M.

    2006-01-01

    This study examined differences among distinct types of high school drinkers on their alcohol involvement and psychosocial adjustment during the first semester of college. Participants were 147 college freshmen (66% female; 86% Caucasian) from a large Southeastern public university who reported on high school drinking and college stress, affect,…

  19. Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Predictors of College Readiness and Performance: Role of Academic Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komarraju, Meera; Ramsey, Alex; Rinella, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    Identifying the best predictors of academic performance is crucial for postsecondary institutions seeking students with the greatest promise. We investigated the relative strength of standardized test scores (ACT), high school GPA, and non-cognitive, college readiness skills in predicting college GPA. College freshmen (505) completed the 108-item…

  20. Explaining Gaps in Readiness for College-Level Math: The Role of High School Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Mark C.; Iatarola, Patrice; Conger, Dylan

    2009-01-01

    Despite increased requirements for high school graduation, almost one-third of the nation's college freshmen are unprepared for college-level math. The need for remediation is particularly high among students who are low income, Hispanic, and black. Female students are also less likely than males to be ready for college-level math. This article…

  1. Design and Implementation Freshmen Based on of Registration System for Struts Framework%基于Struts框架的迎新系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季恒

    2012-01-01

    在数字化校园建设过程中,充分考虑高等学校发展中出现的大校区、多校区的趋势问题,通过分析传统方式下迎新工作的业务流程,提出基于Struts Web技术的网络数字迎新系统的方案,并就系统在校园阳光教育体系工程中的作用做出分析,达到实时反馈迎新数据,提升高校迎新工作的效率,逐步实现无纸化迎新的目的。%In the process of digital campus construction, big campus and multi-campus trends in the development of colleges and universities are sufficiently considered, through the analysis of workflow of the traditional way of registration system for freshmen, the scheme of digital registration network system program based on the Struts Web technology is proposed, the role of the scheme in the campus s t education system engineering is analyzed, the realtime data for freshmen registration are responded to promote work efficiency for freshmen registration of colleges and universities, and the purpose of the paperless office is gradually achieved.

  2. The Effect of Non-intellectual Factors on the Academic Performance of Freshmen in College%非智力因素对大学文科新生学业成绩的影响*--来自《数理统计课》的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾高鼎; 何莉

    2016-01-01

    Objective:The study explored the effect of freshmen's study experience on the score of statistics .Meth‐ods:MSSEQ(Mathematical Statistics Study ExPerience Questionnaire)were adopted to survey 187 freshmen .Results:① there were significant difference of study attitude on different gender(t=‐1 9.2 ,P<0 0.5) ,study anxiety on home‐town and whether the one-child((t=3 4.32 ,P<0 0.01 ,t=‐2 7.22 ,P<0 0.1);② Statistics scores of female freshmen was higher than that of male freshmen(β=0 8.60 ,t=4 4.82 ,P<0 0.5);③ Scores of study attitude in MSSEQ could predict scores of Statistics exam (β= 0 .283 ,t= 2 .063 ,P< 0 .05);④ The influence of involvement motivation in MSSEQ on the score of mathematical statistics examination could be adjusted respectively by gender(β=0 5.00 ,t=2 2.32 ,P<0 0.1) .Conclusion:Academic performance is not only affected by the non-intelligence factors ,but also af‐fected by the social nature of individual factors.%目的:考察大学文科新生的非智力因素对统计课考试成绩的影响。方法:研究工具采用《数理统计学习经验问卷》,有效人数187名大学新生。结果:①学习态度性别差异显著( t=‐19.2,P<00.5);焦虑得分的独生子及生源地差异显著(t=34.32,P<00.01;t=‐27.22,P<00.1);②女生的数理统计成绩显著高于男生(β=08.60,t=44.82;P<00.5);③学习态度对数理统计考试成绩有显著的预测作用(β=02.83,t=20.63;P<00.5);④学习投入动机对数理统计考试成绩的预测效果受到性别调节(β=05.00,t=22.32;P<00.1)。结论:学业成绩不仅受非智力因素影响,而且也会受个体的社会属性因素影响。

  3. General Education at Albertus Magnus College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Mary

    An alternative general education program for freshmen at Albertus Magnus College is described. The program, an interdisciplinary student-centered introduction to general education, is composed of two parts that the student takes concurrently: (1) a year-long seminar in thought and expression, and (2) a sequence of four (usually 7-week) courses in…

  4. An Evaluation of a College Reading Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, A. J.

    A college reading improvement program (CRIP) at the University of South Florida was examined to determine if it was of benefit to the participating students. Sixty-five freshmen took part in the 15-week program which used individually planned programs and different methods and materials. Pretesting had shown these 65 students to be significantly…

  5. Career Progression of Junior Professional Officers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pepper S. E.; Carbonaro J.; Hoffheins, B; Collins, T.

    2015-07-12

    The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards (USSP) has funded more than 25 Junior Professional Officer (JPO) positions in the IAEA Department of Safeguards since 2005. JPOs are college graduates with zero to two years’ work experience who work alongside experienced IAEA staff members for one to two years and assist with basic, yet essential work while obtaining valuable experience. They contribute to equipment development, testing, integration, open source information collection and analysis, and software and database development. This paper will study the trends in career progression for the JPOs who have completed assignments with the IAEA in the Department of Safeguards. Brookhaven National Laboratory, in its role in managing the USSP, has compiled information that can be analyzed for this purpose.

  6. A Tentative Study of Agreement among University Freshmen in Oral English Group Discussions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨非

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this research was to find out how university freshmen came to an agreement in oral English. There were twenty groups in two classes of freshmen who took part in this activity and got involved in the classroom discussions and after-class communications. The classes were divided into groups of six members. The results of the research showed that while the freshmen got involved in the group discussions, they used social communicative skills to reach a final agreement.

  7. A Tentative Study of Agreement among University Freshmen in Oral English Group Discussions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨非

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this research was to find out how university freshmen came to an agreement in oral English. There weretwenty groups in two classes of freshmen who took part in this activity and got involved in the classroom discussions and after-classcommunications. The classes were divided into groups of six members. The results of the research showed that while the freshmen gotinvolved in the group discussions, they used social communicative skills to reach a final agreement.

  8. Voicing Strategies Employed in Narrow Listening Among Iranian Female Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Shahrokhi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses the findings of a qualitative study on the strategies used by Iranian female freshmen in narrow listening. The data collected through semi-structured interview with 12 female freshmen (four learners as  advanced, four as intermediate and four as low chosen purposefully based on their scores in the Oxford Placement Test administered. Six out of 12 freshmen were identified for the think-aloud protocol to draw out the strategies they used. The data collected were analyzed using open, axial, and selective-coding. The analysis of the participants’ interview and think-aloud protocol data generated 12 major themes. Five themes (attention, readiness, evaluating, autonomous learning, and change the speech rate described meta-cognitive; five themes (imitating and repeating, references, visualization, making notes while listening and word-by-word and sentence-by-sentence attention described cognitive strategies and two themes (asking for help, self-talk described socio-affective strategies. These strategies need to be taught explicitly to increase learners’ understanding of the spoken texts in the second/foreign language. This study recommends that Iranian EFL female freshman university learners’ top-down, bottom-up processing and listening strategy awareness should be cultivated and integrated into the teaching of listening to improve the learners’ listening ability.

  9. Resilience and Cognitive Bias in Chinese Male Medical Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Li; Cao, Hong-Wen; Yu, Yongju; Li, Min

    2017-01-01

    Psychological resilience has become a hot issue in positive psychology research. However, little is known about cognitive bias difference of individuals with different resilience levels. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of cognitive bias and its role in Chinese medical freshmen with different resilience levels. 312 Chinese medical freshmen were surveyed by the Chinese version of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, 92 of whom were, respectively, allocated into high (n = 46) and low (n = 46) resilient group to complete computerized tests using an attentional shifting task and an emotional picture recognition task. All participants had the highest recognition accuracy toward negative pictures compared to neutral and positive ones. By comparison, it was found that the high-resilient group had a longer recognition response time toward positive emotional pictures, but a shorter response time toward negative emotional pictures, while the low-resilient group had a longer response time toward negative emotional pictures. This study pointed to the association between resilience and cognitive bias. Medical freshmen with different resilience levels showed significant differences in the cognitive bias toward emotional pictures, suggesting that reducing negative cognitive bias and promoting positive cognitive bias could be important targets to increase resilience.

  10. Bullying victimization among college students: negative consequences for alcohol use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rospenda, Kathleen M; Richman, Judith A; Wolff, Jennifer M; Burke, Larisa A

    2013-01-01

    This study reports the prevalence of bullying victimization at school and work among college freshmen and the relationships between victimization and changes in alcohol consumption and alcohol problems. Web survey data at 2 time points from a sample of 2118 freshmen from 8 colleges and universities in the Midwestern United States indicated that 43% of students experienced bullying at school and that 33% of students experienced bullying at work. Bullying, particularly at school, consistently predicted alcohol consumption and problematic drinking, after controlling for baseline drinking and other school and work stressors.

  11. PRE-COLLEGE EXPERIENCES AS PREPARATION FOR COLLEGE COURSES IN AGRONOMY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BEEKS, JOHN C.

    TO DETERMINE THE KNOWLEDGE OF AGRONOMY POSSESSED BY ENTERING FRESHMEN IN THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI, STUDENTS ENROLLED IN THE REQUIRED COURSE AGRICULTURE IN THE ECONOMY DURING THE YEARS 1962 AND 1963 RESPONDED TO A 100-ITEM MULTIPLE CHOICE INSTRUMENT. A TOTAL OF 310 USABLE ANSWER SHEETS FURNISHED DATA ON STUDENTS--(1)…

  12. The Continuity of College Students' Autonomous Learning Motivation and Its Predictors: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Yingqiu; Gauvain, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This study examined change in Chinese students' autonomous learning motivation in the first three years of college and how this change is accounted for by intra- and inter-individual variables. The sample included 633 (328 female) college freshmen. Results showed that students' autonomous learning motivation decreased over years in college.…

  13. High School Peer Networks and College Success: Lessons from Texas. Discussion Paper Series DP 2008-07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Jason; Tienda, Marta

    2008-01-01

    This paper uses administrative data from the University of Texas-Austin to examine whether high school peer networks at college entry influence college achievement, measured by grade point average (GPA) and persistence. For each freshman cohort from 1993 through 2003 we calculate the number and ethnic makeup of college freshmen from each Texas…

  14. Integration of the Brief Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression (BATD) into a College Orientation Program: Depression and Alcohol Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Elizabeth K.; MacPherson, Laura; Tull, Matthew T.; Baruch, David E.; Lejuez, C. W.

    2011-01-01

    College freshmen face a variety of academic and social challenges as they adjust to college life that can place them at risk for a number of negative outcomes, including depression and alcohol-related problems. Orientation classes that focus on teaching incoming students how to better cope with college-oriented stress may provide an opportunity to…

  15. A Longitudinal Examination of the Role of Stereotype Threat and Racial Climate on College Outcomes for Minorities at Elite Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Mary J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper employs hierarchical linear models to explore the long-term effects of stereotype threat on college outcomes for students in the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen. Performance burden was negatively related to both grades and social satisfaction with college. Social satisfaction with college was also significantly impacted by…

  16. Como Prepararse a Tiempo para la Universidad: Un Manual para los Padres de Alumnos que Cursan la Escuela Intermedia (Getting Ready for College Early: A Handbook for Parents of Students in the Middle and Junior High School Years).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation.

    This Spanish language booklet, also available in English, provides "los cuatro pasos"--four steps that parents and children can take to ensure that students properly prepare for college. Step one discusses why it is important to go to college; reasons include better job opportunities, more earning potential, and the increased variety of jobs one…

  17. Selection and Training Mode of Freshmen Peer Counselors--Take Beijing Wuzi University as an example%大学新生朋辈辅导员的选拔培训模式探析--以北京物资学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洋

    2014-01-01

    大学新生朋辈辅导员对于加强和改进大学新生的思想政治教育有着较强的实践意义,本文通过介绍朋辈辅导的概念及背景,分析高校引入新生朋辈辅导员的积极作用,以北京物资学院新生朋辈辅导员的选拔培训模式为例,对新生朋辈辅导的工作模式进行探析,并对优化其工作效果提出了合理化建议。%Freshmen peer counselors for strengthening and improving the ideological and political education of college fre-shmen have a strong practical sense, this paper introduces the concept of peer counseling and background of the college fre-shmen peer counselors to introduce positive role in Beijing Wuzi University freshmen peer counselors training mode selec-tion, for example, peer counseling for freshmen working patterns, and put forward reasonable suggestions to optimize the ef-fectiveness of its work.

  18. 医学专升本学生时间管理倾向与自我监控的相关性研究%A correlative study on time management disposition and self-monitoring of medical students upgrading from junior college to university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊卿

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解医学专升本学生时间管理倾向与自我监控的状况,并分析两者的相关性。方法采用青少年时间管理倾向量表和Snyder自我监控力量表个人反应问卷,对专升本406名学生进行调查和分析。结果1)医学专升本学生中生活在农村与生活在城镇的学生在时间效能感上的差异( t=2.223,P﹤0.05)、是否独生子女在时间管理倾向与时间效能感上的差异( t=-2.138,P﹤0.05;t=-2.616,P﹤0.05)、是否学生干部在时间监控感上的差异( t=2.731,P﹤0.05)有统计学意义;2)在各人口统计学特征上,高/低监控水平都存在统计学意义,有显著性差异(P﹤0.05);3)自我监控与时间监控感存在低度相关(r=0.104,P﹤0.05)。结论医学专升本学生自我监控水平的不同对时间管理倾向的影响不明显,但自我监控水平与时间监控观存在相关性。%Objective To know the status of time management disposition and self‐monitoring of medical students upgrading from junior college to university ,and to analyze the correlation between the two .Methods By Time Management Disposition Scale and Snyder self‐monitoring individuals reaction force form questionnaire , the investigation and analysis on the 406 students .Results 1)Medical students upgrading from junior college to univer‐sity of colleges and universities living in rural and urban in the time difference in efficacy ( t=2.223 ,P﹤0.05 ) , whether the child at the time management disposition and time management efficacy difference ( t= -2.138 ,P﹤0.05 ;t= -2.616 ,P﹤ 0.05 ) , whether the student leaders a sense of the difference in the time control ( t=2.731 ,P﹤0 .05 ) was statistically significant .2 )In each demographic characteristics ,high/low control level have statistically significant ,there were significant differences ( P﹤0.05 ) .3 )Self‐monitoring and low sense of time mo

  19. Peer-Led Team Learning in Mathematics Courses for Freshmen Engineering and Computer Science Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisel, John R.; Jablonski, Marissa R.; Munson, Ethan; Hosseini, Hossein

    2014-01-01

    Peer-led Team Learning (PLTL) is an instructional method reported to increase student learning in STEM courses. As mathematics is a significant hurdle for many freshmen engineering students, a PLTL program was implemented for students to attempt to improve their course performance. Here, an analysis of PLTL for freshmen engineering students in…

  20. Junior Professors Question Job Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lauren

    2007-01-01

    Female and minority faculty members rated their institutions less positively as places for junior professors to work than did their male and white counterparts, according to a new report. Young professors said institutional policies designed to help them succeed were important, but they were less satisfied that those policies were effective. Women…

  1. Improving Junior High Classroom Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    A field experiment was conducted to determine whether descriptive-correlational results from classroom management research could be implemented by junior high school teachers, and whether such implementation would result in improved classroom management. An experimental group (18 teachers) received management manuals developed by researchers, and…

  2. Holography in the Junior High.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszkiewicz, Frank

    1988-01-01

    Examines the use of holography in the art technology program of a junior high school. Characterizing holography as a valuable artistic experience and discovery experience and stressing the importance of student interest and involvement, the author discusses the necessary equipment for the project and includes two diagrams of a holographic setup.…

  3. Transportation Practices in Community College Athletics

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaVetter, David; Kim, Hyun Duck

    2010-01-01

    Over 45,000 U.S. community college athletes were transported to events during 2005-2006. Transporting college athletes has been an overlooked risk management issue facing administrators. Team travel accidents have caused death, injury, liability claims, property loss, and grief. National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) member…

  4. College Governance: A Comparison of Faculty Evaluation in Public and Private Colleges with Implications for the Improvement of the Evaluation Process at Johnson and Wales College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Joseph E.

    This study focuses on selected factors in the evaluation of faculty members in: (1) colleges accredited by the Association of Independent Colleges and Schools; (2) public junior and senior colleges; and (3) Rhode Island colleges. Results of the study indicate that faculty evaluation schemes must follow the basic goals and philosophy of the…

  5. 将职业生涯规划教育引入大学新生入学教育的思考%Thinking of Introducing Career Development Plan Education into Freshmen Entrance Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马少龙; 孙绪柱; 王芳

    2012-01-01

    大学新生入学时周围环境改变较大,面临诸多适应问题和发展困惑。传统的新生入学教育不能很好地解决这些问题。本文讨论了将职业生涯规划教育引入大学新生入学教育的必要性,完善新生入学教育的做法。适当地对新生进行职业生涯规划教育,有助于帮助新生更好地认识自我,进行自我定位,确立职业发展方向,科学规划大学生活,增强学生就业能力。%When freshmen entering the University in the first semester, they are literally thrown into an environment full of unfamiliar, and faced with a lot of adaptation problems. Traditional adaptation education for college freshmen cannot perfectly solve those problems. This article discusses the necessity of introducing career development plan education into freshmen entrance education. Those methods could help freshmen students in self-understanding and selfdetermination, and then help them to establish career development goal, make plan of their university lives, finally, enhance their employability.

  6. Fighting College Craziness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Michael Thompson, a psychologist who consults in K-12 schools, describes the high levels of anxiety he sees among high school juniors and seniors as they go through the college application process. Thompson believes the admissions process is a poor rite of passage to young adulthood because it focuses on the wrong questions. Parents and families…

  7. 改良式手术室技能综合实训在大专外科护理教学中的应用%Modified operating-room skill comprehensive practical training in surgical nursing teaching at junior colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张源慧; 李鹏

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨改良式手术室技能综合实训在大专外科护理学中的改革和实践体会。方法随机抽取40名大专护生为实验组,另抽取40名为对照组。对照组采取传统手术室技能综合实训教学法,实验组采取改良式手术室技能综合实训,实行参与式角色扮演教学,对2组护生进行手术室技能考核,并发放自制调查问卷,进行教学效果评价。结果手术室技能理论考核成绩两组无统计学差异;手术室技能操作考核成绩实验组高于对照组(P<0.05);实验组护生对改良式手术室技能综合实训效果评价各项指标同意率均在90%以上,参与式角色扮演实训教学法受到大专护生普遍欢迎及认可。结论改良式手术室技能综合实训有利于提高大专护生的技能操作水平和自主操作积极性,减轻教师实训压力,提高了实训教学质量。%Objective To explore educational reform and practice experience of modified operating room skill comprehensive practical training in surgical nursing practical training of junior colleges.Methods We randomly selected 36 student nurses of Class 2010 in a junior college as the experimental group and another 40 as the control group .The control group received the traditional operating room skill comprehensive practical training teaching methodology while the experimental group received modified operating room skill comprehensive practical training and practice participating roll play teaching.The two groups of student nurses were tested in operating room skills and surveyed with a self -designed questionnaire for evaluating the teaching effects .Results There was no significant difference in operating room skill theoretical test scores ( P <0 .05 ) , but the experimental group outperformed the control group in operating room skill test .The agreement percentage of each effect evaluation index for educational reform and practice of modified operating

  8. Student Achievement in College Calculus, Louisiana State University 1967-1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scannicchio, Thomas Henry

    An investigation of freshmen achievement in an introductory calculus course was performed on the basis of high school mathematics background to find predictors of college calculus grades. Overall high school academic achievement, overall high school mathematics achievement, number of high school mathematics units, pattern of college preparatory…

  9. The Liberal Arts and Environmental Awareness: Exploring Endorsement of an Environmental Worldview in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rideout, Bruce E.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to explore student endorsement of an environmental worldview during the college years through a sampling of freshmen and seniors. Nine independent samples of freshman and senior class undergraduates (N = 779) were surveyed over a five year period in a small, independent liberal arts college. The survey instrument…

  10. Adapting to the Fist Semester of College: A Test of Heath's Model of Maturing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Lawrence K.

    1987-01-01

    Investigated the relationship between the psychological maturity of freshmen (N=82) entering college and their success in adapting to the challenges of the first semester of college. Results provided some support for Heath model of maturing, particularly for females; females' level of psychological maturity was related to success in adapting to…

  11. Moderators of the Relationship between Physical Activity and Alcohol Consumption in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buscemi, Joanna; Martens, Matthew P.; Murphy, James G.; Yurasek, Ali M.; Smith, Ashley E.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Among college students, several studies have found a positive relationship between physical activity and alcohol use. The current study tested gender, Greek status, and ethnicity as potential moderators of the physical activity-alcohol use relationship. Participants: Participants were college freshmen (n = 310) endorsing alcohol/drug…

  12. The Disparity between Social Drinking Motives and Social Outcomes: A New Perspective on College Student Drinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Allison M.; Brown, B. Bradford; Moreno, Megan A.

    2013-01-01

    Students report drinking for social reasons, yet the social benefits of alcohol use are less understood. Associations between social drinking motives, drinking behaviors, and college friendships were examined via in-person interviews with 72 college freshmen from a large Mid-western University. Consistent with previous research, social drinking…

  13. Complex Variables in Junior High School: The Role and Potential Impact of an Outreach Mathematician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, Billy J.; Dwyer, Jerry F.; Wilhelm, Jennifer; Moskal, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Outreach mathematicians are college faculty who are trained in mathematics but who undertake an active role in improving primary and secondary education. This role is examined through a study where an outreach mathematician introduced the concept of complex variables to junior high school students in the United States with the goal of stimulating…

  14. Comparing Enrollment, Characteristics, and Academic Outcomes of Students in Developmental Courses and Those in Credit-Bearing Courses at Northern Marianas College. REL 2017-269

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Phillip; Scanlan, Spencer; Carreon, Daisy

    2017-01-01

    Many students graduate from high school academically unprepared for college. When such students enroll in college as first-time freshmen, they are commonly placed in non-credit-bearing developmental English and math courses to develop the skills necessary to complete freshman-level credit-bearing courses. Understanding students' college readiness…

  15. Does College Focus Matter? Explaining Differences in Performance among Community Colleges in North Carolina: A CAPSEE Working Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Michael; Kalleberg, Arne L.

    2016-01-01

    The evolution of community colleges from their origins as junior colleges to institutions with dual missions to provide both academic and workforce preparation raises questions about the impact of a college's mission focus on its students' labor market success. We examine this question using data from the 58 colleges in the North Carolina…

  16. Identifying classes of conjoint alcohol and marijuana use in entering freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Amie L; Wickham, Robert; Macia, Kathryn; Shields, Micah; Macher, Rayna; Schulte, Tilman

    2015-09-01

    The current study identified classes of conjoint marijuana and alcohol use in entering college freshmen using latent profile analysis (N = 772; 53% male, 60% White; Mage = 18). Results yielded 4 distinct groups: Class 1 (moderate drinking with recent marijuana use: 22% of sample), Class 2 (moderate drinking with no recent marijuana use: 25%), Class 3 (light drinking with no recent marijuana use: 40%) and Class 4 (heavy drinking with recent marijuana use: 14%). Separate pairwise contrasts examined cross-class differences in demographics and drinking behaviors, comparing differences in drinking when current marijuana use was controlled (Class 1 vs. 4) and differences in marijuana use when drinking was held relatively constant (Class 1 vs. 2). Among moderate drinkers, recent marijuana users were more likely to drink more than intended, drink to get drunk, and had more problems (including higher rates of blackouts, physical injury, and DUI) relative to peers who refrained from marijuana. No cross-class differences were found for alcohol expectancies or behavioral motives. Findings from these analyses show the presence of distinct groups of conjoint users with different drinking behaviors and consequence profiles, and suggest that conjoint alcohol-marijuana use may be more problematic overall than single substance involvement and highlight the need for developing campus prevention and intervention programs that address the increased risk from polysubstance involvement.

  17. Changes in Career Aspirations of Women Entering College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrei, Rita A.

    1979-01-01

    The career choices of women entering as college freshmen over the last ten years are examined. A survey tracing the national and regional trends for occupations (business, teaching, engineering, law, nursing, science, etc.), and racial differences (White, Black, Asian American, Native American, Mexican American, Puerto Rican) is discussed. (MLW)

  18. Self-Efficacy, Stress, and Academic Success in College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajacova, Anna; Lynch, Scott M.; Espenshade, Thomas J.

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the joint effects of academic self-efficacy and stress on the academic performance of 107 nontraditional, largely immigrant and minority, college freshmen at a large urban commuter institution. We developed a survey instrument to measure the level of academic self-efficacy and perceived stress associated with 27…

  19. Background or Experience? Using Logistic Regression to Predict College Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Synco, Tracee M.

    2012-01-01

    Tinto, Astin and countless others have researched the retention and attrition of students from college for more than thirty years. However, the six year graduation rate for all first-time full-time freshmen for the 2002 cohort was 57%. This study sought to determine the retention variables that predicted continued enrollment of entering freshmen…

  20. Impact of Universities' Promotional Materials on College Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Jami J.; Lumsden, D. Barry

    1999-01-01

    Evaluated the impact of printed promotional materials on the recruitment of college freshmen using focus groups of students attending a large, southern metropolitan university. Students provided detailed suggestions on ways to improve the method of distribution, graphic design, and content of the materials. (Author/DB)

  1. 思想政治教育视野下的大学新生适应情况分析%Freshmen Adaptation Analysis from Political Education Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵惠强; 孙莉苹

    2015-01-01

    把大学生思想政治教育与大学新生入学适应问题结合起来,通过设计、发放、整理调查问卷,从学习、生活、心理三个方面系统地解读了大学新生入学适应问题,这对增强高校大学生思想政治教育具有一定的理论意义,而且对于当代大学生面临的问题特别是尽快走出学业迷茫、克服自卑自负心理、学会调适心理冲突、科学合理应用新媒体、理智面对生活挫折具有一定的现实指导意义。%The ideological and political education and University Freshmen adaptation can be combined through the design , distribution , finishing the questionnaire , from learning , living , mental aspects to interpret the freshmen adaptation ,which enhance ideological and political education of college students .It has some theoretical significance , but also some practical significance for issues facing contemporary college students ,especially overcoming low self esteem ,learning to adapt psychological conflicts ,using new media scientifically and rationally ,and dealing with setbacks .

  2. Personality as a Predictor of First-Semester Adjustment to College: The Mediational Role of Perceived Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lidy, Kara M.; Kahn, Jeffrey H.

    2006-01-01

    Personality was hypothesized to predict college adjustment because of the role of perceived social support. A sample of III freshmen completed measures of personality, perceived social support, and college adjustment twice in their 1st semester. Perceived social support mediated the relationships between 3 personality factors (Emotional Stability,…

  3. Junior High Career Planning: What Students Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B.; Magnusson, Kris C.; Witko, Kim D.

    2004-01-01

    This research used "The Comprehensive Career Needs Survey" to assess the career counselling needs of 3,562 junior high students in Southern Alberta. This article examines junior high students' responses regarding their perceptions of (a) the relevance of career planning, (b) who they would approach for help with career planning, and (c)…

  4. Junior High Norms for the Bender Gestalt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grow, Richard T.

    1980-01-01

    Junior high students were tested to supply normative data supporting the Bender Gestalt. Subject's performance was not significantly related to sex or occupation of the family bread winner. These variables do not have to be controlled for in norming visual motor tests at the junior high level. (Author)

  5. Effective Management in Junior High Mathematics Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.

    Reporting on part of the data collected in the Junior High Classroom Organization Study, this document focuses on the mathematics subsample. Twenty-six mathematics teachers in 11 junior high schools were observed in two classes. The major purpose of this paper is to describe the classroom procedures and behaviors of teachers identified as…

  6. 南京某大学低年级学生性态度、行为和性健康知识的调查分析%A survey on the sexual attitude, behavior and health knowledge among junior college students in Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓丽; 吴江平; 王苏立; 李红啸; 杨莉; 梅士娟; 胡晨

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the sexual attitude, behavior and reproductive health knowledge in junior college students in Nanjing,and to provide advice of reproductive health education and service for universities. Method Questionnaire type survey on the sexual attitude, STD knowledge, and the demand on sexual service was conducted. Results Junior male students had an open sexual attitude than the female students and the percentage of boys (13.9%) with sexual experience was significantly higher than the girls (6.4% ) (x2 = 11.532,P<0.01). According to cognition of induced ovulation hazard, girls did better than boys (P<0.05). The awareness of AIDS in boys is better than girls (P<0.05). Contraception knowledge and sexual education was poor in both genders. No significant difference was found in the sexual health knowledge between boys and girls. Conclusion There is a need of sexual education, especially on the contraception methods and prevention of STD/AIDS, for the junior students in universities.%目的 了解低年级大学生性态度、行为和性健康知识状况,为高校开展生殖健康教育与服务提供参考.方法 参考以往同类型调查和项目自行设计问卷,调查内容包括性态度、性行为、生殖健康知识、性病知识的知晓率和对性健康知识和服务需求状况.结果 低年级大学生性态度性别差异大,男生性态度较开放,有性经历的男生(13.9%)明显多于女生(6.4%),差异有统计学意义(x2=11.532,P<0.01);对于人流危害的认识女生优于男生(P<0.05);对AIDS知识的知晓情况男生优于女生(P<0.05),但两者对避孕知识及性健康知识掌握均有所不足;男女生性健康知识的获取途径主要为互联网、媒体和同伴;男女生希望提供的服务均依次为知识教育、生殖健康咨询及性病/艾滋病防治知识、避孕方法.结论 对大学生进行性健康咨询、性知识教育、性病/艾滋病防治知识及避孕方法知识的教育非常迫切.

  7. Vocabulary Development of Junior Teens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Nikonova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the communicative competence formation of young adolescents in the secondary school at the Russian language lessons. The author maintains that the key element of the above problem is the vocabulary development guaranteeing both comprehension and verbal expression formation – oral and written. The theoretical part of the research explores different word functions: nominal, communicative, text generating and semantic. The correlation between the mental development level and lexical semantic system formation is emphasized. The age specific features of junior teens are listed: rising interest to various life spheres and activi- ties, capability of formulating opinions and judgments, self-awareness, formation of values. The relationship complexity stimulates vocabulary development of 10 to 12 year-old children; however, the process requires peda- gogical facilitation.The monitoring of speech development proves the necessity of commutative competence formation of the fifth- and sixth-year pupils. The paper presents the model of communicative competence development and its approbation results received for the junior adolescents. 

  8. Vocabulary Development of Junior Teens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Nikonova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the communicative competence formation of young adolescents in the secondary school at the Russian language lessons. The author maintains that the key element of the above problem is the vocabulary development guaranteeing both comprehension and verbal expression formation – oral and written. The theoretical part of the research explores different word functions: nominal, communicative, text generating and semantic. The correlation between the mental development level and lexical semantic system formation is emphasized. The age specific features of junior teens are listed: rising interest to various life spheres and activi- ties, capability of formulating opinions and judgments, self-awareness, formation of values. The relationship complexity stimulates vocabulary development of 10 to 12 year-old children; however, the process requires peda- gogical facilitation.The monitoring of speech development proves the necessity of commutative competence formation of the fifth- and sixth-year pupils. The paper presents the model of communicative competence development and its approbation results received for the junior adolescents. 

  9. 259名本专科护生职业成熟度特点及比较研究%Features of Vocational Maturity of College Nursing Students and Nursing Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石海霞; 陈瑜

    2015-01-01

    目的:比较某医科大学本专科护生职业成熟度差异,为针对性地对护生进行就业指导和职业生涯规划提供依据。方法采用便利抽样的方法,使用职业成熟度量表对某医科大学259名本专科护生进行调查。结果本专科护生职业成熟度总均分为(2.54±0.18)分。本科护生职业成熟度得分为(2.55±0.18)分,专科护生职业成熟度得分为(2.54±0.17)分,不同年级及学历本专科护生职业成熟度总均分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。其中,专科护生职业选择的主动性显著高于本科护生(F=6.87,P0.05),大一专科护生职业选择的主动性高于大一本科护生(t=2.70,P0.05). Initiative of career choice of college nursing students was significantly higher than that of nursing undergraduates ( F=6.87,P0.05). Initiative of career choice of college nursing freshmen was significantly higher than that of undergraduate nursing freshmen ( t=2.70,P<0.05) and undergraduate nursing sophomores presented more professional self knowledge than nursing college sophomores ( t=3.44,P<0.05). Junior nursing undergraduates were more confident than junior college nursing students (t= 2.28,P< 0.05). The score of flexibility of junior nursing college students was higher than that of senior students (F=3.46,P<0.05) and the score of professional knowledge and professional self knowledge of students from different grades indicated statistical significance (F=3.99, 3.14; all P<0.05). Conclusion Career maturity of nursing students maintains in a medium and above level. Differences exist in professional knowledge, professional self knowledge, flexibility, utilitarian and initiative and we should pay attention to strengthening professional self knowledge, and flexibility of career choice of senior students and initiative of nursing undergraduates.

  10. Institutional Research in the Community College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovach, Robert V.

    Institutional research in the junior-community college is discussed as related to the following questions: (1) What is institutional research? (2) Why has there been such an emphasis on it in recent years?; (3) What should be the goals and guiding principles of a community college institutional research operation? (4) Where should the…

  11. Community Colleges Can Rescue the Bicentennial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilar, Jeremy W.

    1975-01-01

    Community colleges--with their link between culture and community--are natural places for citizen involvement in the American Bicentennial celebration. Activities already undertaken by some junior colleges include the recording of local histories, workshops for teachers, art shows, readers' theaters, and folk science lectures. (Author/NHM)

  12. The role of self-efficacy and mental health in predicting critical thinking among nursing students from junior college%一般自我效能感和心理健康对护生评判性思维的预测作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱芬芬; 吴丽荣; 李稚琳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of self-efficacy and mental health on critical thinking for nursing students from junior college. Method 524 nursing students was randomly selected by sampling method. They were surveyed by SCL-90 self-symptom evaluation scale,( General self efficacy scale, GSES) SEQ and revised critical thinking disposition inventory(CTDI). Result The total score of junior college students was (283. 93 + 34. 26). However, 47. 33% of the respondents didn't report a positive disposition towards critical thinking, and only 0. 38% reported strong critical thinking. Scores of SCL-90 factors were significantly higher than that of the national norm except for somatization and hostility factors(P<0. 01). Relationship analysis indicated that CTDI were correlated with SEQ positively (P<0. 01). And the total scores of SCL-90 negatively. Positive Symptom Distress Index, SEQ and anxiety were the predictors of critical thinking, explaining 32. 4% of the variance. Conclusion The nursing educators should pay attention to the mental health and cultivate the self-efficacy of students to improve their critical thinking.%目的 探讨大专护生一般自我效能感和心理健康对评判性思维的预测作用.方法 采用评判性思维量表、SCL-90症状自评量表和一般自我效能感量表对524名大专护生进行调查分析.结果 大专护生评判性思维总分为(283.93±34.26)分,其中47.33%的护生评判性思维未达到正性水平,强评判性思维者仅占0.38%;除躯体化和敌对两个因子外,大专护生SCL-90各因子得分均高于国内成人常模(P<0.01).评判性思维总分与一般自我效能感呈正相关(P<0.01),与SCL-90总均分呈负相关(P<0.01).回归分析显示:一般自我效能感可正向预测评判性思维,而焦虑和阳性症状可负向预测评判性思维,三者共解释总变量的32.4%.结论 一般自我效能感和心理健康对大专护生的评判性思维具有良好的预测

  13. A Guide for Developing Comprehensive Community College Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merlo, Frank P.

    Heretofore community colleges have adopted the facility standards of high schools or other colleges, or have devised their own. To establish flexible specifications especially for the junior college, based on the educational program, architectural feasibility, safety, student and faculty use, and possible future needs, a 6-man jury prepared a…

  14. Environmental Sustainability Practices in Selected Publicly Supported Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posey, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to examine the environmental sustainability practices used at publicly supported community, junior, and technical college campuses in the eleven states accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools' Commission on Colleges. The Sustainability Assessment Questionnaire was emailed…

  15. Environmental Sustainability Practices in Selected Publicly Supported Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posey, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to examine the environmental sustainability practices used at publicly supported community, junior, and technical college campuses in the eleven states accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools' Commission on Colleges. The Sustainability Assessment Questionnaire was emailed…

  16. 通过“人际功能分析”探讨现代大中专生语言能力教学%On Discussing the Teaching of Junior College Students' and Secondary Specialized School Students' Linguistic Ex-pression Ability through Interpersonal Metafunction Per-spective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷园园

    2013-01-01

    Linguistic Expression is a kind of ability in the social life as it is used to display one's wisdom, eloquence and personal charm. It represents the characteristics of the opinion of the ad-dresser and the speaking technologies in it in turn influence the addresser ideologically. This thesis is an attempt to explore inter-personal metafunction though Martin Luther King's I have a Dream,in the framework of interpersonal meaning with Halli-dayan Systemic-Functional Linguistics (hereafter SFL), aiming to testify the operationality and practicability of Hallidayan SFL to-wards the teaching of Junior college students' and Secondary specialized school students' speaking ability.%  语言表达是人类交际中的一种重要活动,因为它可以彰显个人的智慧、雄辩能力以及魅力。语言在一定程度上不但用于传达演说者的观点和思想,其技巧及其运用会辅助观点和思想,对听众产生重要影响。本文主要采用人际功能的分析方法,分析马丁·路德·金的《我有一个梦想》。旨在探讨韩礼德系统功能语法对于提高现代大中专生语言能力教学的可操作性和实践性。

  17. CARIES PREVENTION AMONG JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.К. Matelo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Biennial program of controlled tooth brushing performed econdary school among junior schoolchildren from Minsk secondary school № 166 proved to be highly effective. Decrease in caries increment has been shown on the average up to 50%. No credible differences between remineralising defluorinated toothpastes or pastes enriched with aminofluoride (F = 500 ppm and sodium fluoride  (F = 1000 ppm efficacy were found in this study. Credibility of the results was determined by comparison with similar study conducted on a bigger population of children. Though anti-caries effect of the same tooth-pastes in a bigger-scale study was lower — within 30%. Such difference can be explained by a different level of motivation and discipline of participants.Key words: schoolchildren, dental caries prevention, toothpastes. (Voprosy sovremennoi pediatrii — Current Pediatrics. — 2011; 10 (6: 48–51

  18. 大学生人格偏常特质的年级差异%A study of grade differences for abnormal personality traits in college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许守婷; 林万贵; 陈图农; 徐静; 孙倩

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生人格偏常特质的年级差异。方法采用中国大五人格问卷(简版)( CBF-PI-B)和人格障碍诊断问卷(第4版)( PDQ-4+)对1204名大一至大四的本科生进行测查。结果不同年级的大学生在偏执型、分裂型、自恋型以及回避型这四种人格偏常倾向上阳性检出率的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。 PDQ-4+问卷的分裂型、反社会、边缘型、表演型、自恋型、回避型、依赖型因子评分在不同年级间的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),其中大三学生分裂型因子评分高于大四(P<0.05),大四自恋型因子评分高于大一(P<0.05),大三的表演型因子评分高于其他三个年级(P<0.05)。CBF-PI-B的宜人性因子分在不同年级间的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),其中大二和大四年级学生在宜人性维度评分高于大三年级(P<0.05)。结论大学生人格偏常特质存在一定的年级差异。%Objective To explore the grade differences for abnormal personality traits in college students.Methods A total of 1 204 college students from freshmen to seniors were selected and assessed with The Big Five Personality Inventory brief version ( CBF-PI-B) and Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire fourth version( PDQ-4+) .Results There were significant differences for the positive rates of paranoid, schizotypal, narcissistic and avoidance in PDQ-4+among different grades(P<0.05).There were significant differences for the factor scores of schizotypal, antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic, avoidance and dependent in PDQ-4+among different grades(P<0.05), and the factor score of schizotypal in juniors was significantly higher than that in seniors(P<0.05);the factor scorel of narissistic in seniors was significantly higher than that in freshmen(P<0.05);the factor scores of histrionic in juniors was significantly higher than that in other Grades

  19. The Handbook of Historically Black Colleges & Universities. Premiere Edition 1992-94. Comprehensive Profiles and Photos of Black Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodge-Wright, Toni, Comp.

    This book contains vital statistics and other profile information concerning 106 historically black colleges and universities located in the United States and the Virgin Islands. Information includes: school selection and admissions processes; special programs; the minimum grade point average required for freshmen and when majors must be declared;…

  20. Does Alcohol Use Mediate the Association between Consequences Experienced in High School and Consequences Experienced during the First Semester of College?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romosz, Ann Marie; Quigley, Brian M.

    2013-01-01

    Approximately 80% of college students drink alcohol; almost half of these students reporting that they drink to get drunk and over 22% engage in heavy episodic drinking. Heavy alcohol consumption during the transition from high school to college is associated with negative personal and academic consequences. Sixty-seven freshmen volunteered to…

  1. Study on the Leading Course of Practice and Labs for Freshmen%新生引导性实验课程探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟玉庆; 吴俊; 熊宏齐

    2011-01-01

    It is one of very important topics on college education how to lead freshmen adapt the research-based learning schema quickly and has good spirits of study and exploration. In this paper, based on the project of the national quality course--leading course of practice and labs for freshmen, we introduce our experiences to provide some ideas for the related studies.%引导大学新生尽快适应大学研究型学习模式,培养学生良好的研究探索精神,是大学教育的一个重要研究课题。本文以国家精品课程建设项目“新生引导性实验实践课程”为例,介绍东南大学在新生引导性实验实践课程方面的探索,为相关研究提供一种思路。

  2. 大学新生各类食物的摄入频率与超重/肥胖、高血压之间的关系%Relationship between freshmen's dietary frequency of different types of foods and overweight/obesity as well as hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董婷婷; 王素芳; 王帅

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand freshmen's dietary frequency, as well as analyze the dietary characteristics of freshmen's overweight/obesity and hypertension, and the relationship between overweight/obesity and hypertension. Methods A stratified cluster random sampling investigation was made into the basic diet of 1319 freshmen as well as the fundamental data such as stature, weight, waistline and blood pressure. Results According to the frequency of dif-ferent kinds of food intake, the differences between overweight/obese freshmen and normal-weight freshmen in milk and dairy products and sodas were statistically significant (P<0.05); while the differences between freshmen with high blood pressure/blood pressure high value and freshmen with normal blood pressure in fresh vegetables, red meat and sodas were statistically significant (P< 0.05). Among the respondents, the freshmen with hypertension/blood pressure high value were significantly correlated with overweight/obese freshmen (P<0.01). Therefore, overweight/obesity was a risk factor of hypertension/blood pressure high value. Conclusion Overweight/obese freshmen are significantly different from normal-weight freshmen in different types of food intake, and overweight/obesity is closely correlated with fresh-men's hypertension. Therefore, controlling overweight and obesity has vital importance to college students' hypertension.%目的:了解在校一年级大学新生的膳食频率,分析大学新生超重/肥胖、高血压的膳食特点,以及超重/肥胖与高血压之间的关系。方法分层整群随机抽样调查1319名大学一年级学生的膳食基本情况,以及身高、体重、腰围、血压等基本资料。结果超重/肥胖和正常体重人群对不同种类食物摄入频率调查显示,在奶及奶制品、碳酸饮料上超重/肥胖大学新生和体重正常大学新生之间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。高血压/血压高值和正常血压人群对不同种类食物摄入

  3. Welcome to America, welcome to college: Comparing the effects of immigrant generation and college generation on physical science and engineering career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lung, Florin; Potvin, Geoff; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M.

    2013-01-01

    Students enter college with social, cultural, and economic resources (well described Bourdieu's concepts of habitus and capital) that significantly impact their goals, actions, and successes. Two important determinants of the amount and type of resources available to students are their immigrant generation and college generation status. Drawing on a national sample of 6860 freshmen enrolled in college English, we compare and contrast the effects of immigrant generation with those of college generation status on physical science and engineering career intentions to explore some of the challenges faced by the first in the family to become an American and/or go to college.

  4. CREATIVE APPLICATION OF CASE-BASED TEACHING TO BIOCHEMISTRY IN JUNIOR COLLEGES%案例式教学法在专科医学生物化学教学中的创新应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐燕

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the application of case‐based teaching method to biochemistry to im‐prove students’ learning interest .Methods 200 nursing students who enrolled in this college in 2011 were randomly divided into the control group given lecture‐based learning method and the experimental group given case‐based teaching method as well as lecture‐based learning method .The teaching results were sur‐veyed through questionnaires given in class and theoretical examination result analysis .Results Over 95%of the surveyed students believed that case‐based teaching method can effectively stimulate students’ inter‐est and improve their learning ability and their ability of thinking .The scores of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group in terms of basic knowledge and comprehensive application( P< 0 .05 ) .Conclusion T he application of case‐based teaching method to biochemistry can achieved good teaching results in preclinical medicine instruction .%目的:探索将案例式教学法应用于专科医学生物化学教学的有效途径,提高学生学习医学基础知识的兴趣和靶向性。方法以2011级护理专业200名学生为研究对象,随机分组,对照组采用传统的LBL教学法,实验组采用传统教学和案例式教学相结合的方法。通过随堂调查问卷和理论成绩的SPSS分析来评价教学效果。结果超过95%的学生认为案例式教学法能够激发学习兴趣,提高学习能力和临床思维能力。两次理论成绩显示,实验组在基础知识的掌握程度和知识的综合运用方面均明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论案例式教学法可以应用于生物化学教学,教学效果优于传统教学法,值得在其他基础医学教学中推广。

  5. The Effect of Cognitive Learning Style-Based Reading Program on the Achievement of Jordanian Freshmen English Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hajaya, Nail; Al-Khresheh, Taisir

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitive learning style-based reading program on the achievement of Jordanian freshmen English majors. The subjects of the study consisted of 104 freshmen English majors enrolled for Reading Skills 1 in Tafila Technical University in Jordan in the fall semester 2007/2008. Students' learning styles,…

  6. Effective Lifestyle Habits and Coping Strategies for Stress Tolerance among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welle, Paul D.; Graf, Helen M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Stress among college students is a major problem, impacting their overall health. Students, especially freshmen, are expected to handle difficult academic workloads at a faster pace while adapting to new social situations. In addition, findings from new stress data purport that stress responses might vary by gender and race. Purpose:…

  7. The Use of Seven Simulation Activities in a College Economics Survey Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraas, John W.

    The simulation-gaming approach to college introductory economics courses benefits students who possess a certain combination of cognitive learning styles. The Cognitive Style Questionnaire, administered to 120 freshmen, identified those students who obtain meaning from spoken words, numerals, or mathematical symbols; have the ability to place…

  8. Changes in Self-Esteem across the First Year in College: The Role of Achievement Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Sungok Serena; Ryan, Allison M.; Cassady, Jerrell

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined the effects of achievement goals on the growth trajectories of self-esteem during the first-year at a comprehensive public university. College freshmen (N = 311) were followed for one academic year with three time points. Between-individual differences and within-individual change in achievement goals were…

  9. The Need for a Special Services Project at Bowie State College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Wanda E.

    Information is presented to demonstrate that Bowie State College could benefit from support to the Special Services for Disadvantaged Students Project (Special Services). In spring 1983, 73.7 percent of the 1,619 undergraduates were black. The mean Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) verbal score for 1982 incoming female freshmen was 287, compared to…

  10. Institutional Identity and Self-Esteem among African American Males in College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Dominique L.; Smith, Chauncey D.; Marks, Bryant T.; Crosby, Brandon

    2012-01-01

    Social identity theory maintains that one's self-concept is partially determined by the social groups to which the individual belongs. Using this as a theoretical framework, this study examined the relationship between multiple dimensions of institutional identity and self-esteem in 411 Black male college freshmen. It was hypothesized that…

  11. Both Sides Now: Librarians Looking at Information Literacy from High School and College. Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Robert

    2009-01-01

    In October 2007, the Oregon Association of School Libraries (OASL) invited the author to speak at their annual conference. The question they asked him was, "What information literacy and library research skills do academic librarians think entering college freshmen should have?" The author investigates this question in his home state of…

  12. Former High School Student-Athletes' Academic, Social, and Emotional Adjustment to Community College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raye, Christopher M.

    2010-01-01

    The end of high school marks the time when the most number of individuals will end their participation playing sports at a competitive level. For those pursuing higher education, it has been viewed as a stressful experience for many freshmen. Former high school athletes that enter college as "students" and not…

  13. Perceived Academic Control: Mediating the Effects of Optimism and Social Support on College Students' Psychological Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruthig, Joelle C.; Haynes, Tara L.; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Perry, Raymond P.

    2009-01-01

    The first year of college presents numerous challenges experienced as overwhelming by some freshmen who may become overly stressed and depressed. This longitudinal study examined perceived academic control (PAC) as a mediator of optimism and social support's buffering effects on freshman students' psychological health. Multiple regressions…

  14. Pre-College Career Guidance on Student Persistence and Performance at a Small Private University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Raymond D.; Reed, Philip A.

    2015-01-01

    This mixed methods study was designed to determine the type and quality of precollege career guidance experiences of college freshmen and the impact of those experiences on student performance and retention. Qualitative data were collected through a phone survey to Seventh-Day Adventist (SDA) academies, student interviews, secondary classroom…

  15. Computer-Mediated Communication with Distant Friends: Relations with Adjustment during Students' First Semester in College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranney, John D.; Troop-Gordon, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    Because of recent technological innovations, college freshmen can readily communicate with friends who they see infrequently (e.g., friends from home). The current study addressed whether computer-mediated communication with these distant friends can compensate for a lack of high-quality on-campus friendships during students' first semester of…

  16. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Career Factors Inventory on a Community College Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Merril A.; Tovar, Esau

    2004-01-01

    A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using AMOS 4.0 to validate the 21-item Career Factors Inventory on a community college student sample. The multidimensional inventory assesses types and levels of career indecision antecedents. The sample consisted of 512 ethnically diverse freshmen students; 46% were men and 54% were women.…

  17. Changes in Self-Esteem across the First Year in College: The Role of Achievement Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Sungok Serena; Ryan, Allison M.; Cassady, Jerrell

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined the effects of achievement goals on the growth trajectories of self-esteem during the first-year at a comprehensive public university. College freshmen (N = 311) were followed for one academic year with three time points. Between-individual differences and within-individual change in achievement goals were…

  18. Test anxiety of college English Test-Band 4-- A case study at Yangtze University%大学英语四级考试焦虑调查与分析--以长江大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫永东

    2013-01-01

    Concerted and coherent efforts contribute to reduction of the test anxiety which benefit English language acquisition of university students. The paper makes a survey of anxiety of College English Test-Band 4 (CET-4) among freshmen, sophomores and juniors of Yangtze University with Sarason’s Test Anxiety Scale (TAS), self-made form and interviews. Suggestions of how to overcome test anxiety of CET-4 are proposed after data analysis and discussion on the findings from the survey.%  积极干预考试焦虑有助于学生语言习得。本文以长江大学大一、大二、大三本科学生为研究对象,运用考试焦虑量表(TAS)调查了大学生对大学英语四级考试(CET-4)的焦虑状况,结合自制量表获得的结果提出一些干预焦虑的建议。

  19. Reform and Innovation of College Freshman Education%大学新生教育的改革与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵伟

    2015-01-01

    To get into college is set to be an ultimate goal by many middle school students,while they often tend to find a huge gap between ideals and reality as college freshmen.As a result,college freshmen education appears to be crucial.Good fresh-men education will lay a solid foundation for the study,life and growth of college students.This paper will systematically state the author's theory on study,idea,management and career education of college freshmen.%许多中学生把考大学作为终极目标,而大学新生入学后往往存在着理想与现实的巨大落差,此时大学新生教育就突显出其重要性。良好的新生教育方式将为大学生学习、生活、成长做好铺垫。本文对大学新生的学习、思想、管理、生涯教育等方面进行了系统的论述。

  20. 基于计划行为理论的护理生从事老年护理工作意愿实证研究%An empirical study on the willingness to engage in elderly care among nursing students in junior college based on the theory of planned behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗艺; 曹小萍; 陈璐; 梁少英; 孟润堂

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解高职院校护理生从事老年护理工作的意愿,为培养护理专业人员提供依据。方法采用分层抽样法选取宁波市某高校不同护理专业和年级的1176名高职护理生,采用基于计划行为理论设计的问卷进行调查,分析其从事老年人群护理工作的意愿及行动计划。结果55.96%的护理生愿意从事老年护理工作,其行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制平均得分为(52.12±9.52)、(16.42±6.21)和(31.54±7.94)分。不同专业、年级、有无照顾老人经验、有无接受老年护理知识的护理生,从事老年护理工作的行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。不同专业、有无照顾老人经验及有无接受老年护理知识的护理生,从事老年护理工作的行为意向差异有统计学意义(P <0.01)。从事老年护理工作的行为态度、主观规范、知觉行为控制及行为意向间均呈正相关(P <0.01)。行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制均进入回归方程,标准化回归系数分别为0.18、0.35和0.25。结论基于计划行为理论调查显示该地区在培养老年护理人才方面成效初显,高职护理生对从事老年护理工作有较好的职业意愿。%Objective To learn the willingness to engage in elderly care among nursing students in junior college in order to provide the basis for the training of geriatric nursing staff.Methods Totally 1 1 76 junior college nursing students in Ningbo were selected by stratified sampling method and were investigated with a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior.The willingness and plan to engage in elderly care among the students were analyzed.Results Fifty six percent of the nursing students would like to work in geriatric nursing.The average score of behavioral attitude,subjective norm,and perceived behavior control were

  1. 高职新生心理健康普查结果与分析%Higher vocational freshmen mental health survey results and analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦大亮

    2015-01-01

    本文用UPI调查问卷对辽宁机电职业技术学院2014级信息系新生(专科)进行了统计调查,分析了新生中存在的心理问题及其产生的原因,有效地筛选出了需要关注的对象,并提出了应对策略和建议,以增强学院学院心理咨询工作的有效性和针对性.%This article uses UPI questionnaires to investigate the Liaoning institute of technology of profession of mechanical and electrical 2014 information department freshmen (specialized subject), analyzed their psychological problems and their causes, effectively filter out the need to focus on objects, and put forward the countermeasure and the suggestion, in order to enhance college validity and pertinence of psychological counseling work.

  2. Development and Design of Freshmen Community Recommending System%高校新生社团推荐系统的开发及设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亮; 赵娜

    2016-01-01

    Comprehensive quality of students is a key factor affecting the employment of graduates .University commu-nity is an important way of quality education by which college students can raise their awareness of career planning and pro -fessionalism .This paper focused on how college students can elect their own communities .From the user's point of view , the recommending system can effectively help users make decisions .In this paper ,the calculation of the similarity of the students ,K - Means clustering analysis and recruit indices were combined to obtain the recommended ordering value of com -munity ,which was then recommended to freshmen .The system can provide community service for freshmen .%高校学生的综合素质是影响高校毕业生就业的一个关键因素,高校社团是素质教育的一个重要途径,可以提高高校学生职业规划意识和职业素养。如何让新入学的高校新生选择合适的社团,是本文需要研究解决的问题。从用户的角度出发,推荐系统可有效地帮助用户做出决策。本文把学生的相似度计算、K -中心点算法聚类分析以及招收指数结合在一起,最终得到社团的推荐排序值,并将其推荐给新生用户。本系统能够实现为新生推荐社团服务,具有一定的应用价值。

  3. Persistence patterns of mathematics and science majors: A profile of highly motivated freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Erin E.

    Despite an increasing demand for college graduates skilled in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics ("STEM") fields, a substantial number of students who choose these majors leave after taking their first-year "gateway" math and science coursework. Research has shown GPA to be a salient predictor of persistence in STEM majors: Students who earn high grades in gateway courses are more likely to continue, and those who earn low grades are more likely to leave. However, a small number of students defy that expectation: Despite a low gateway course GPA, they persist not just to the sophomore year but all the way to graduation. The purpose of this study was to determine what other experiences, motivations, or attributes aside from academic performance influence these students to persist. A qualitative approach was taken with the use of semi-structured interviews, which provided a means for analysis based on insights directly from students. An invitation was sent to a cohort of graduating math and science majors at a large public institution, and 10 eligible volunteers were chosen to participate. A thematic analysis was conducted to seek common themes in the students' interviews regarding their experiences in their gateway coursework, their feelings towards their chosen major, their beliefs about their academic proficiency, their motivations for continuing in their major, and other prominent characteristics they attributed to their persistence. Five themes were found: Ambition, dedication, achievement, culture shock, and resilience. Of the five themes, four are attributes of the students themselves: Ambition, dedication, achievement, and resilience. The fifth, culture shock, is something that happened to them, although it does contain information about the students insofar as how they handled the situation. The end result was the identification of a specific group of students: High achievers majoring in math and science who are self-driven and independent, as

  4. The Cooperative Learning Effects on English Reading Comprehension and Learning Motivation of EFL Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Ching-Ying; Wu, Hui-Yi

    2013-01-01

    This experimental study aims to investigate the effects of using cooperative learning to enhance the English reading comprehension and learning motivation of EFL freshmen by comparing the cooperative learning instruction and traditional lecture instruction. This experiment was implemented in a Freshman English Reading course, a two credit course,…

  5. (Inter)Views: Engaging Freshmen in Primary Research in the Composition Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Adam

    2010-01-01

    While literacy autobiographies, citizenship autobiographies, and family narratives are common first writing assignments in the freshmen composition classroom, they are usually followed by some kind of research proposal, annotated bibliography, or research essay. While there is nothing wrong with literacy and citizenship autobiographies or family…

  6. The EMERGE Summer Program: Supporting Incoming Freshmen's Success in Mathematics Developmental Coursework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Katherine; Oppland-Cordell, Sarah; Hibdon, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes the development, results, and future directions of the mathematics component of the EMERGE Summer Program at Northeastern Illinois University. Initiated summer 2014, EMERGE offered English and mathematics sessions for incoming freshmen. The mathematics session aimed to strengthen participants' mathematical foundations,…

  7. Views of Freshmen Students on Foreign Language Courses Delivered via E-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozudogru, Fatma; Hismanoglu, Murat

    2016-01-01

    With the increasing number of foreign language courses via e-learning in higher education institutions, it is important to investigate whether the quality of e-learning is up to the standard. This study aimed at finding out the views of freshmen students on foreign language courses delivered via e-learning and revealing whether there were any…

  8. Information Anxiety from the Undergraduate Student Perspective: A Pilot Study of Second-Semester Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blundell, Shelley; Lambert, Frank

    2014-01-01

    In early spring 2013, a pilot study was conducted at a major public university in Ohio to explore elements of information anxiety (defined herein as a combination of library anxiety and information technology anxiety) among second-semester freshmen enrolled in all iterations of both a traditional and a remedial first-year English course. The…

  9. 一年级大学生学习心理分析%An analysis of the freshmen's learning psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春香

    2001-01-01

    The Learning psychology of the freshmen has its ownfeatures,which can be expressed as follows:1.the inadaptability in the learning method:2.the plurality of the learning purpose;3.the multi-layer of the learning motivation;and 4.the instability of the learning attitude.The causes to these features are complex,which mainly include:1.the sudden change of the learning surroundings;2.the perplexity of the emotion toward specialty;3.the side-effect of the learning and managing patterns which are left over the from the middle-school;4.the influence of the social factors;5.the impromptus in the instruction from the university.The authoritative organs of the university should make an analysis organs of the university should make an analysis of the learning psychology of the freshmen and provide them with all kinds of help possible,so as to make the students be aware of the features of college learning,establish the independent study outlook,develop the interest to the specialty,strengthen the achievement motivation and develop the healthy learning psychology.%一年级大学生的学习心理有自己的特点,主要表现在:1、学习方式的不适应性;2、学习目的的多元性;3、学习动机的多层次性;4、学习态度的不稳定性。形成这些特点的原因是复杂的,主要有:1、学习环境骤变;2、专业情绪困扰;3、中学阶段学习方式和管理方式产生的负效应;4、社会因素的影响;5、学校教育引导不及时。高校应切实分析和把握一年级大学生的学习心理,帮助学生认识大学学习特点,确立自主学习观,培养专业兴趣,增强成就动机,培养健康的学习心理。

  10. Brief Report: Tailgating as a unique context for parental modeling on college student alcohol use

    OpenAIRE

    Abar, Caitlin; Turrisi, Rob; Abar, Beau

    2010-01-01

    Little attention has been directed toward potential differential effects of the various contexts in which parents model alcohol use. The present study examined college football tailgating as a potential context in which parental modeling may be more or less risky. 290 college freshmen were assessed for perceptions of their parents’ drinking and tailgating behaviors, individual alcohol use and consequences. Hierarchical multiple regressions were performed and results revealed that parental tai...

  11. Learner Reading Problems: A Case of Khoe Learners at Junior ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Learner Reading Problems: A Case of Khoe Learners at Junior Secondary School. ... learners' reading ability of English at junior secondary school in Botswana. ... teachers' schemes and records of work to explore the subjects' reading skills.

  12. 42 CFR 21.25 - Eligibility; junior assistant grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility; junior assistant grade. 21.25 Section... COMMISSIONED OFFICERS Appointment § 21.25 Eligibility; junior assistant grade. (a) Requirements; all candidates... for appointment in the grade of junior assistant: (1) Shall be a citizen of the United States; (2...

  13. Motivating Computer Engineering Freshmen through Mathematical and Logical Puzzles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parhami, B.

    2009-01-01

    As in many other fields of science and technology, college students in computer engineering do not come into full contact with the key ideas and challenges of their chosen discipline until the third year of their studies. This situation poses a problem in terms of keeping the students motivated as they labor through their foundational, basic…

  14. Impact of Peer Mentoring on Freshmen Engineering Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budny, Dan; Paul, Cheryl; Newborg, Beth Bateman

    2010-01-01

    The transition from high school to college can be very difficult for many students. At the University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering, weaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaabyear University of Pittsburgh School of Engineering students are required to register for and attend a large group lecture course,…

  15. The Effect of an Educational Program on Technological Literacy--The Example of a Design College in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yuan-Hsiang

    2006-01-01

    The study investigated the effects of an educational intervention on the variables of awareness, perception, self-efficacy, and behavioral intentions towards technological literacy among students at a College of Design in Southern Taiwan. Using non-probability sampling, 42 freshmen students from the Department of Product Design participated in the…

  16. Impact of a College Freshman Social and Emotional Learning Curriculum on Student Learning Outcomes: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ning; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Wyatt, Jeannette; Young, Thomas; Bloemker, Geraldine; Wilhite, Emily

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of implementing a social and emotional learning curriculum for college freshmen on student learning outcomes, including social and emotional competence and academic performance. Through the use of a quasi-experimental design, the growth in social and emotional competence of students who participated in the social…

  17. The Impact of the College Assistance Migrant Program on Migrant Student Achievement in the California State University System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Adrian Dee

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the 7-year longitudinal study was to examine the College Assistance Migrant Program (CAMP), a student services intervention, to determine its impact on migrant student achievement in the California State University (CSU) system. Participants included 336 migrant students who were enrolled as first-time, full-time freshmen in fall…

  18. Impact of the "Peers as Family" Dormitory Wing-Based Intervention on College Student Alcohol Use and Its Secondhand Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Novik, Melinda G.; Bush, Elizabeth N.; O'Grady, Kevin E.

    2009-01-01

    An intervention to reduce college alcohol use and secondhand effects was tested. Freshmen dormitory wings at a large Mid-Atlantic public university were assigned to single-gender (SG) or mixed-gender (MG) Information-Motivation-Behavior (IMB) workshops implemented during the first weeks of school, or a control condition. Students were surveyed…

  19. College Bound: Americans' Attitudes about Paying for College. A Survey of Families with College-Bound High School Students on the Value of a College Education and Its Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallup & Robinson, Inc. Princeton, NJ.

    This study examined several aspects of family viewpoints regarding the financing of higher education. Data were collected via a telephone survey of 800 parents of college bound high school students and 300 college bound high school juniors and seniors. The survey examined attitudes in such areas as: the relative importance of financing college…

  20. Evaluation of the College Possible Program: Results from a Randomized

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a randomized trial of the College Possible program, which provides two years of college preparatory work for high school juniors and seniors in Minneapolis and St. Paul. The trial involved 238 students, including 134 who were randomly selected for admission to the program. The results indicate that the College…

  1. Dialogistic Presence on Community College Websites in Nine Megastates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadinger, David

    2013-01-01

    Use of Internet websites as a communication tool by community college is nearly universal. Exactly what information, functions, and links are offered varies widely among institutions. Research has reported that high school juniors and seniors, prefer to find information on the Internet during their college search process, and Noel Levitz (2006,…

  2. Barrier Analysis of Freshmen of Non -English Major and Instructions for English Phonetic Teaching%非英语专业新生语音障碍分析及应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 李百温

    2012-01-01

    语音是语言的外壳,也是语言学习的基础。语音教学是大学英语教学中不可忽视的重要教学内容。然而,语音教学在教学中不受重视的现象普遍存在,语音知识的欠缺往往影响大学生的英语学习水平。文章通过对某大学近年非英语专业新生的语音情况调查,分析了新生普遍存在的语音问题,并对大学英语语音教学提出了几点建议。%The phonetic is the shell of the language, and also the foundation of the language learning. Phonetics teaching, as an important teaching content, is not to be ignored in college English teaching. However, the phenomenon that English phonetic teaching is ignored exists generally. Lack of phonetic knowledge is affecting the university students" English learning level. Through the in- vestigation of phonetics barrier analysis of freshmen of non - English major in university of Jinan in recent years, this paper analyzes the existing problems of the freshmen, and puts forward several suggestions to phonetic teaching in the college English teaching.

  3. 7 CFR 765.206 - Junior liens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Junior liens. 765.206 Section 765.206 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... determinations for future requests for assistance and may adversely impact such requests. (b) Conditions...

  4. Pygmalion Effect on Junior English Teaching

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yurong Wang; Li Lin

    2014-01-01

    .... This thesis mainly focuses on the application of Pygmalion effect in English teaching, especially junior English teaching in China. If we can make good use of the Pygmalion Effect to conduct teaching and have positive expectations to students, it will improve teaching greatly.

  5. Organizing and Managing the Junior High Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    This manual provides guidelines and activities for organizing and managing junior high school classes. The first five chapters are devoted to the topic of getting ready for the beginning of the school year; the last four chapters suggest guidelines and activities that are helpful in maintaining a management system. Chapter 1 deals with organizing…

  6. Mathematics for Junior High School. Supplementary Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is a supplementary SMSG mathematics text for junior high school students. Key ideas emphasized are structure of arithmetic from an algebraic viewpoint, the real number system as a progressing development, and metric and non-metric relations in geometry. Chapter topics include sets, projective geometry, open and closed paths, finite…

  7. DEVELOPING STUDENTS' READING ABILITIES IN JUNIOR SCHOOL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duan Bixi

    2001-01-01

    In This Article, the writer focus on an over- all analysis of the present situation of the students' reading activities in junior middle school in the countryside and put forward some suggestions on improving the teaching arts to enhance the students' fast reading abilities . It provided some theoretical basis on the further improcement of students' reading abilities in the school

  8. Do junior doctors take sick leave?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkin, M R; Higton, A; Witcomb, M

    2003-09-01

    Nosocomial infections place a heavy burden on overstretched health services. An audit of junior doctors' sick leave behaviour was undertaken in 1993 and again in 2001. The object was to ascertain the level of common infectious illness and to investigate whether junior doctors were remaining at work inappropriately. The doctors were asked if any factors had influenced their decision to take sick leave or not. Between the two audits several initiatives have been introduced to improve the working conditions of junior doctors, including the New Deal to reduce hours of work. Eighty one junior doctors in a large teaching hospital participated in 1993 and 110 in 2001. The number reporting an infectious illness in the previous six months was similar (61.7% in 1993, 68.2% in 2001). There had been a significant increase in the percentage of infectious illness episodes for which the doctors took sick leave (15.1% in 1993, 36.8% in 2001, p work (72% in 1993, 68% in 2001). Consultant pressure was cited by 26% (1993) and 20% (2001). Use of the staff occupational health unit was minimal, with none of the ill doctors contacting the department in 1993 and only three in 2001. Overall, despite the reduction in the number of infectious doctors not taking sick leave, the majority remained at work. Fundamental changes are needed if potentially infected doctors are not to present a risk of iatrogenic infection.

  9. Curriculum Reviews: Middle/Junior High Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, Richard

    1982-01-01

    Reviews "Pathways in Science" (Globe Book Company), designed as a complete middle/junior high school science program. Strengths (including sixth-grade readability) and weaknesses (indicating that limited process skill development may not challenge more capable students). Limited process skill development and the possibility for the program…

  10. Theme: Junior High and Middle School Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, John; And Others

    1994-01-01

    On the topic of agricultural education programs in middle/junior high schools, nine articles address developing self-concept, selecting materials, the benefits of agriscience contests, adopting new curricula, the role of Future Farmers of America in the development of adolescents, teaming science and agriculture, and the rationale for middle…

  11. Redskin Images. Roy Junior High School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reese, William M.

    The school and self-improvement programs instituted at Roy Junior High School include the development of a self-performance evaluative instrument, the incorporation of a daily 15-minute reading session, the encouragement of dance and movement education through use of visiting professionals, and implementation of a self-esteem improvement mechanism…

  12. Responses of College Freshmen to Three Novels. NCTE Research Report No. 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, James R.

    A study was conducted to explore student response to literature and the influence of classroom experiences on that response. Three novels were selected for study: "The Catcher in the Rye" by J. D. Salinger, "The Grapes of Wrath" by John Steinbeck, and "A Farewell to Arms" by Ernest Hemingway. Each of 54 freshman English students read one of the…

  13. Critical Thinking in College Freshmen: The Impact of Secondary and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evens, Marie; Verburgh, An; Elen, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Critical thinking helps students to confront a multitude of challenges they will face in their careers and personal lives. It is therefore an important task of higher education to promote students' critical thinking. However, students do not enter higher education with a blank page. Background characteristics of students are important in…

  14. Critical thinking in college freshmen: The impact of secondary and higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Evens, Marie; Verburgh, An; Elen, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Critical thinking helps students to confront a multitude of challenges they will face in their carreers and personal lives. It is therefore an important task of higher education to promote students’ critical thinking. However, students do not enter higher education as a blank slate. Background characteristics of students are important in developing instruction. The present study investigates the influence of an important background characteristic, namely students’ secondary education, and the...

  15. Responses of College Freshmen to Three Novels. NCTE Research Report No. 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, James R.

    A study was conducted to explore student response to literature and the influence of classroom experiences on that response. Three novels were selected for study: "The Catcher in the Rye" by J. D. Salinger, "The Grapes of Wrath" by John Steinbeck, and "A Farewell to Arms" by Ernest Hemingway. Each of 54 freshman English students read one of the…

  16. Role of Early Family Configuration and Hours Worked on Student Success in Two-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boswell, Robert A.; Passmore, David L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence student success in two-year colleges, community colleges, or junior colleges. In determining the purpose of the study, a research framework is established to review the relationships between student success and biological children, marriage/co-habitation, early family configuration,…

  17. The Relationship Between Nutritional Knowledge and Eating Habits of Selected College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Patsy; And Others

    The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional knowledge and eating habits of college students. Data were collected from 1,930 college juniors and seniors on 69 college and university campuses in 25 states. The students were members of the national home economics honor society and non-home economics students, male…

  18. Role of Early Family Configuration and Hours Worked on Student Success in Two-Year Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boswell, Robert A.; Passmore, David L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence student success in two-year colleges, community colleges, or junior colleges. In determining the purpose of the study, a research framework is established to review the relationships between student success and biological children, marriage/co-habitation, early family configuration,…

  19. Why are junior doctors reluctant to consult attending physicians?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Otto H

    2010-03-01

    A physician performs two tasks: making diagnoses and determining treatments. To reduce medical error, junior doctors are supposed to consult their supervisors when they face uncommon circumstances. However, recent research shows that junior doctors are reluctant to do so. This paper presents a model that explains (i) which junior doctors shy away from consulting; (ii) when junior doctors are reluctant; (iii) the importance of protocols in the medical sector; and (iv) when consulting is a sign of strength or a sign of weakness. Furthermore, I show that encouraging junior doctors to consult by investigating mishaps leads to another distortion: they will give too much weight to own assessments.

  20. Investigation of the Psychological Health Status of the Freshmen Born after 1995 and Analysis of its Countermeasures---Exemplified by Guangzhou Institute of Railway Technology%高职院校95后新生心理健康状况调查及对策分析--以广州铁路职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟剑龙; 蔡柔娜

    2015-01-01

    In order to get better understanding of the psychological health status of the freshmen in the colleges , the paper investigates 2738 freshmen of Grade 2014 in Guangzhou Institute of Railway Technology by adopting Eysenck Personality Questionnaire , University Personality Inventory and Self -reporting Inventory.The results show that the psychological health status of the freshmen born after 1995 is good.Most of the freshmen have outgoing personality and steady emotion , but there are some serious or general psychological problems of the students.Their psychological problems manifest in psychosis , forcing symptoms , anxiety , terror and paranoia etc.The paper analyzes the causes of psychological health problems of the freshmen , and puts forward some strategies to solve the problems from three aspects of college , family and the freshmen.%为了更好地了解大学新生的心理健康状况,采用艾森克个性问卷( EPQ)、大学生心理健康调查问卷( UPI)和症状自评量表SCL90对广州铁路职业技术学院2014级2738名新生进行了调查,结果表明:95后新生心理健康状况一般;大多数新生虽然性格开朗,情绪稳定,但仍有部分学生存在较为严重的心理问题;新生的心理问题主要表现在精神病、强迫症状、焦虑、恐怖、偏执等方面。文章对新生心理健康问题的原因进行了分析,并从学校、家庭和新生本人三个层面提出了对策。

  1. HOW TO LAUNCH A COMMUNITY COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ANDERSON, HELEN J.

    TEN HIGH SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENTS IN DUPAGE COUNTY, ILLINOIS, HAVE SHOWN HOW TO PERSUADE TAXPAYERS FROM DIVERSE DISTRICTS TO VOTE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A JUNIOR COLLEGE. IN 1964, AFTER STUDYING THE STATE MASTER PLAN, THEY AND THE BOARD MEMBERS OF EACH DISTRICT HIRED A FIRM TO MAKE A FEASIBILITY STUDY. THE BOARDS SELECTED 19 CITIZENS FOR THE…

  2. Perspectives on the Community College: Essays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardi, John; Cohen, Arthur M., Ed.

    The essays in this collection were written by John Lombardi during the 1970s while he was a resident scholar at the ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges. Following a foreword on Lombardi's life and work by a son and two daughters, John V., Mary Luciana, and Janice P. Lombardi, is an introduction by Arthur M. Cohen giving highlights of Lombardi's…

  3. 护理专业大学生在中学生二手烟防控教育中的作用%Effect of college nursing students on the prevention and control of passive smoking among teenagers in junior high school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓华; 唐悦; 陈晓晓; 梁涛

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨护理专业大学生对中学生进行被动吸烟控烟教育能否使青少年对二手烟的知信行得到提升。方法在北京市某中学选取91名初二学生,以护理专业本科毕业临床实习学生作为教育者,对他们进行控烟教育,在干预前后分别应用青少年与被动吸烟调查问卷进行调查,比较干预前后青少年被动吸烟的知识、态度和行为的不同。采用SPSS 18.0统计学软件进行数据的处理,计数资料采用χ2检验,等级资料采用秩和检验,以P<0.05为差异有统计学意义。结果研究对象基线被动吸烟率为58.2%,多形式干预后,中学生对被动吸烟的知识、态度、行为有所提升,对“吸烟危害健康”“被动吸烟危害健康”“吸入二手烟易导致心脏病”“低焦油卷烟危害小”的知晓率较干预前分别上升了11.0%,18.7%,15.3%,15.3%,差异有统计学意义(χ2值分别为6.852,13.401,4.321,4.397;P <0.05)。认为“成年人吸烟是正常行为”“吸烟前应征求周围人意见”“赞成公共场所禁烟”“总是、经常要求他人不在自己面前吸烟”“鼓励父母戒烟”的人数分别较干预前上升了20.8%,14.3%,17.5%,19.8%,16.5%,差异有统计学意义(χ2/Z值分别为8.126,4.604,5.660,-4.074,5.385;P<0.05)。结论护理专业大学生作为二手烟控烟教育者能提高中学生对被动吸烟相关知识的认识,使其对被动吸烟态度发生正向改变,促使其主动采取行为抵制被动吸烟。%Objective To study the effect of tobacco control education conducted by college nursing students on improving teenagers ’ knowledge, attitude, belief and practice to passive smoking .Methods Totals of 91 teenagers in junior high school were selected and educated by the college nursing students .Questionnaires were used to

  4. Questionnaire analysis of mental health test in 2 994 freshmen of normal university%师范院校新生心理健康测试2 994份问卷分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘克善; 刘衔华

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: College students of normal universities, the major supply of teachers, have influences on their latter career of teacher man.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mental health of freshmen of local normal university in 2005, so as to provide the basis for mental health education and mental counselling.DESIGN: Cluster sampling and cross-sectional investigation.SETTING: Department of Education Science, Hengyang Normal University.PARTICIPANTS: This experiment was carried out in Hengyang Normal University in October 2005. Totally 3 089 freshmen of Hengyang Normal University in 2005 were selected as the participants, including 1 211 male and 1878 female with the mean age of 18.72 years.METHODS: The freshmen were tested by Symptom Check List- 90 (SCL-90)in groups after their enrolment a month later. Before answering the questions, they were given uniform directions and answered every question individually according to their own conditions in the latest week. All the answer papers were handed in on the spot. The data of SCL-90 were inputwith Optical Mark Reader 2000 (OMR2000) into Psychometrics Toolbox STD V3.0 of Psychology Exploring System for calculation of total score and the score of each factor. The unanswered items in SCL-90 were labelled as "never", if more than 5 items were unanswered, the questionnaire was considered to be invalid and therefore rejected for analysis. The total score below 95 points in a questionnaire was considered to suggest low reliability of answers and the questionnaire was also rejected. All the data was input into computer and statistically analysed with SPSS 11.0 software. Differences among groups were compared by using t test.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The scores of SCL-90.RESULTS: Totally 3 089 questionnaires were distributed and 2 994 of them were collected, with the effective rate of 96.92%, including 1 180male, 1 814 female, 2 847 freshmen of liberal arts and 1 147 freshmen of science. All the nine SCL-90 factor scores of the tested

  5. Relative age effect in junior tennis (male

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Agricola

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The issues of the age effect (the theory of the age influence have been shown in sport sciences since the 1980s. The theory of age effect works on the assumption that athletes born in the beginning of a calendar year are, particularly in children’s and junior age, more successful than athletes born in the end of the year. This fact has been proved by a number of research studies, mainly in ice hockey, soccer, and tennis but also in other sports. OBJECTIVE: The submitted contribution is aimed at verifying of the age effect in junior tennis. The research objective was to find out the distribution of birth date frequencies in a population of tennis players’ in individual months, quarters, and half-years in the observed period 2007–2011 and to check the significance of differences. METHODS: The research was conducted on male tennis players aged 13–14 (N = 239, participants of the World Junior Tennis Finals. From the methodological point of view, it was an intentional selection. The birth dates of individual tennis players were taken from official materials of the ITF, the research data were processed using Microsoft Excel. The personal data were processed with the approval of players and the hosting organization (ITF. RESULTS: Testing of the hypothesis on the significance of differences in the distribution of frequencies between individual quarters (Q1–Q4 has proved statistically relevant differences between Q1 and Q3, Q1 and Q4, Q2 and Q3, and Q2 and Q4; a statistically relevant difference has been also found in the distribution of frequencies between the first and second half of the year. On the basis of the results of the presented research, the age effect in the studied population of junior male tennis players can be regarded as significant. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the analysis of the research data confirm the conclusions of similar studies in other sports and prove that in the population of elite junior players

  6. Critical thinking skills in nursing students: a comparison between freshmen and senior students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi-Fini, Ismail; Hajibagheri, Ali; Adib-Hajbaghery, Mohsen

    2015-03-01

    Critical thinking is one of the most important concepts in the field of education. Despite studies published on nursing students' critical thinking skills (CTS), some suggest that there is not enough evidence supporting the relationship between content of nursing education programs and nursing students' CTS. Given the existing discrepancies, this study aimed to compare the critical thinking skills of freshmen and senior nursing students. This comparative study was conducted on 150 undergraduate freshmen and senior nursing students in Kashan University of Medical Sciences, during 2012. The students in the first and the last semesters of their study in nursing were entered in the study using the census method. Data were collected using a questionnaire including questions on demographic data and the California Critical Thinking Skills Test, form B. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS v.13 software. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Moreover, independent sample t-test and Spearman and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used in the data analysis. Both the freshmen and senior nursing students had low CTS. The mean critical thinking scores were 11.79 ± 4.80 and 11.21 ± 3.17 for the freshmen and the senior students, respectively (P = 0.511). Moreover, no significant correlation was found between the students' score in CTS and their age, gender, high school grade point average (GPA), rank in university entrance examination (RUEE) and interest in the nursing profession. The students were low skilled in critical thinking and their CTS did not significantly change during their nursing degree. Thus it may be concluded that the nursing education program did not affect the CTS of its students. Longitudinal studies are suggested for assessing nursing students' critical thinking over time. Moreover, revising the curriculum and preparing nursing educators for implementing innovative and active teaching strategies are suggested.

  7. Impossible? Publication Quality Research with the Weakest 10% of Incoming Freshmen

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Undergraduate research is widely regarded as a high impact practice. However, usually only the highest achieving students are rewarded with undergraduate research opportunities. This paper reports on the successful implementation of a student research program offering the weakest 10% of incoming freshmen opportunities to conduct original research in one of several science or engineering disciplines with the possibility of publication if the research and report meet a suitable standard, define...

  8. Dating With Super Junior-M

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    担心情人节没人陪?还在幻想能与谁约会?2009年2月14日,梦想照进现实,SJ-M将在上海举办“情人Superman-Super Junior-M 2009上海歌会”,化身你的甜蜜情人,与你一起共度浪漫情人节。

  9. Junior doctors' knowledge of applied clinical anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Yuri; Morgan, Mia; Singh, Annika; Ellis, Harold

    2008-05-01

    This study examines the level of knowledge of applied clinical anatomy among junior doctors. A multiple-choice questionnaire was designed, which covered 15 areas of anatomical knowledge essential to clinical practice, for example, important surface landmarks and interpretation of radiographs. The questionnaire was completed by 128 individuals. They comprised anatomy demonstrators, preregistration house officers (PRHOs), senior house officers (SHOs) and specialist registrars (SpRs) across the range of medical and surgical specialities. Answers were scored and analyzed by group, allowing comparison not only between newly qualified PRHOs and more senior doctors, but also with anatomy demonstrators who had undergone more traditional anatomical training. The results reveal a wide variation of knowledge among junior doctors, with PRHOs scoring an average of 72.1%, SHOs 77.1%, SpRs 82.4%, and demonstrators 82.9%. This progression in knowledge up the clinical hierarchy may reflect clinical experience building upon the foundations laid in medical school, although with demonstrators topping the league table, it seems that intensive academic training is the most beneficial. With junior doctors' training in the UK currently in flux, these results highlight the need for training in clinical anatomy to hold an important place in the development of tomorrow's clinicians.

  10. Building a Community on the Fast Track: ENG. 09/111 at Central Virginia Community College (CVCC) as a Tier C Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velez, Lana

    2012-01-01

    This author organized and taught the new ENG 09/111 classes at her college, as well as authoring the course text and workbook. English 09/111 offers a unique opportunity for students who are not quite ready for freshmen composition, but more than likely do not need an entire semester of developmental English. In this article, she details the…

  11. Navigating New Worlds: A Real-Time Look at How Successful and Non-Successful First-Generation College Students Negotiate Their First Semesters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Erik E.

    2012-01-01

    This study of fifteen first generation American college freshmen documents their initial semester with a focus on factors and dispositions contributing to eventual success or failure. Students were identified prior to campus arrival, allowing for immediate and real-time data collection as they were experiencing the beginning of their college…

  12. Sociology, Writing, and Reading and the Community College Learning Community: The Skills/Content Tango Principles of Sociology and Freshman English and Critical Reading and Principles of Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trautmann, Nancy; Boes, Chris

    This document details the planning process and briefly discusses the experiences of faculty and students in two distinct paired-course learning communities at Northampton Community College in Bethlehem (Pennsylvania). One learning community paired a critical reading course with principles of sociology, while the other paired a freshmen composition…

  13. The preliminary research for common Adaptability Problems of freshmen%大学新生常见适应性问题浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴欢欢

    2016-01-01

    大学一年级是学生接受中等教育向高等教育的过渡阶段,是四年大学生活的重要转折点。但是很多学生在入学初不适应,普遍存在茫然、自卑、焦虑、孤独等常见心理现象,笔者根据近些年学生工作经验,就这个特殊时期学生易出现适应性问题的原因及对策进行初步探析。%First year in college is the transition from secondary to higher education of student, which is also an important turning point for the college life. But a few freshmen don’t adapt at first, among whom there are many mental phenomena existing such as loss, low self-esteem, anxiety, loneliness. Causes and countermeasures of adaptability problems in this special period were researched based on the student management experience of author in recent years.

  14. Expectation about counseling in college students in Inner Mongolia%内蒙古地区大学生对心理咨询的预期

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段兴华; 段昌明; 张惠; 解云

    2011-01-01

    目的:调查内蒙古地区大学生心理咨询预期的现状.方法:用方便抽样法,选取内蒙古自治区3所大学680名不同年级、性别、民族的大学生.用心理咨询预期简表(EAC-B)和自编心理咨询经验调查表进行施测.结果:被试对"咨询师素质与技能"的预期高于对"来访者个人投人"的预期,P<0.001;女大学生在对"咨询师素质与技能"上较男性大学生具有更为积极的预期(P=0.002),大学生对"咨询师素质和技能"的预期存在年级差异(P<0.001),一年级高于二、四年级,二年级低于一、三年级.有直接咨询经验者(n=134)对"咨询师素质与技能"的预期低于有间接经验者(n=380)和无咨询经验者(n=166)(P<0.001).结论:内蒙古地区大学生对心理咨询预期在性别、年级和咨询经验方面表现出差异.在咨询师培训和咨询过程中应关注大学生的咨询预期并探索使其更为现实的方法.%Objective: To investigate the college students'expectation about counseling in Inner Mongolia.Methods: A total of 680 college students were selected from different colleges in Inner Mongolia by convenience sampling. They were assessed with the Expectations about Counseling-Brief Form (EAC-B) and the self-made investigation on experience of counseling. Results: The expectations about Counselor Quality and Skills were significantly higher than that about Personal Commitment ( P < 0. 001 ). The female students showed significantly higher expectation about counselor quality and skills than male students (P < 0. 01). The expectations in freshmen were higher than that in sophomores and seniors (P <0. 001), and the expectations in sophomores were lower than that in freshmen and juniors. The expectations in the students with prior experience of counseling (n= 134) were lower than those with indirect experience (n= 380) and without experience of counseling (n= 166). Conclusion: The expectation of counseling in college students has

  15. Trouble brewing: pregaming among high school and incoming college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamboanga, Byron L; Tomaso, Cara C; Haas, Amie L; Olthuis, Janine V; Borish, Sarah; Borsari, Brian

    2013-10-01

    Pregaming (a.k.a., "prepartying," "pre-funking," or "predrinking") consists of drinking before going to a social function or gathering where alcohol may or may not be served. Existing research suggests that pregaming in high school and pre-college (i.e., the period between high school graduation and the start of college) is widespread. Moreover, pregaming prevalence appears to rapidly increase after students graduate from high school and transition into college. Thus, the purpose of this brief review is threefold: (a) to summarize the existing (albeit limited) research on pregaming among high school students and incoming college freshmen, (b) to present an overview of the risk factors that have been identified for participation in pregaming, and (c) to discuss the implications for practice that may be particularly relevant for school-employed/affiliated nurses as well as health practitioners who work in college settings.

  16. 一年级大学生心理健康现状及影响因素分析%Analysis on Psychological Health and its Influence Factors of Freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范存欣; 马绍斌; 王慧苏; 刘国宁; 吴赤蓬

    2001-01-01

    To understand the current situation of psychological health andmain influence factors of freshmen,so that we can carry out the psychological health education,psychological consults and guidance on purpose.The result showed that there were psychological problems in 13.65% of them.They were absent-minded,stamina and deficient,self-confidence,and if anything werent repeatedly trust that they couldnt set ones mind at rest.The memory was lower and the mood was easily destroyed and so on.There were many influence factors of the psychological health.They were mainly about study,life,interpersonal relationship and personal future.This shows that the psychological health of freshmen cant neglected.We should carry out mental health education from entrance and form step by step a protection network of the psychological health problems,so as to assure that all over the college students can successfully graduate and become a senior person of ability to possess composite quality.

  17. 某医学院新生学习动机等因素与学业情绪相关分析%Relationship between learning motivations and academic emotions among medical freshmen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨医学新生学习动机等因素与学业情绪的关系,为医学生心理健康教育提供依据.方法 采用大学生一般学业情绪问卷、学习动机量表和一般状况调查表,对223名医学新生进行测查,利用SPSS和AMOS进行统计分析.结果 本科与高职新生消极高唤醒情绪差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);医学新生学业情绪与内生动机、外生动机、性别(P值均< 0.01)、学历层次(P<0.05)呈显著正相关,与朋友关系满意度呈显著负相关(P<0.01);内生动机、外生动机、朋友关系满意度及父母教养方式能够有效预测医学新生的学业情绪,外生动机、学历层次及朋友关系满意度可预测消极高唤醒情绪,关注人际竞争、挑战性及性别可预测积极高唤醒情绪,挑战性、选择简单任务及朋友关系满意度可预测消极低唤醒情绪,挑战性和朋友关系满意度可预测积极低唤醒情绪.结论 结构方程建模为学习动机等因素影响医学新生的学业情绪提供了数据支撑,激发医学生学习动机对改善学业情绪有积极意义.%OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship between learning motivations and academic emotions among our medical freshmen and to provide evidence for their mental health education. METHODS A total of 223 medical freshmen were surveyed with learning motivation inventory, academic emotions questionnaire and common condition questionnaire, to analyze data by SPSS and AMOS. RESULTS Negative high arousal academic emotions were extremely different between higher vocational freshmen and college medical freshmen (P < 0.05). Academic emotions were positively correlated with intrinsic motivation (P < 0.01), extrinsic motivation (P<0.01), gender (P<0.01), and education level (P<0.05), but negatively correlated with satisfactory degree of friendship (P<0.01) among medical freshmen. Intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, satisfactory degree of friendship, and parenting

  18. Multiple Intelligences Profiles of Junior Secondary School Students in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmiyati, Nuri; Rasyid, Muhammad Amin; Rahman, M. Asfah; Arsyad, Azhar; Dirawan, Gufran Darma

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the Multiple Intelligences profiles of the students at junior secondary school in Makassar. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory was used to identify the dominant intelligence among the students. The sample of this research was 302 junior secondary schools students in Makassar Indonesia who willing to participated…

  19. Sexuality Education in Junior High Schools in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, N.; Shinohara, H.; Tashiro, M.; Suzuki, S.; Hirose, H.; Ikeya, H.; Ushitora, K.; Komiya, A.; Watanabe, M.; Motegi, T.; Morioka, M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to determine via responses to three questionnaire surveys how sexuality education programs are conducted at junior high schools in Japan. Study 1 examined the practice of sexuality education in schools, Study 2 investigated junior high school students' (age 12-13 and 14-15 years) knowledge of sexuality, and Study 3 examined…

  20. Interest Learning about English in Junior Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shi-qin

    2015-01-01

    In modern time, interest learning play a more and more important role in the children’study. So the paper plays a key on the interest learning in junior middle school. And the paper mainly explores theoretical research, the reason of interest learning and the way to motivate junior middle students’interest learning in English learning.