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Sample records for jung jongmin kim

  1. Recovery from a Financial Meltdown: The Political Economy of Crisis Management under the Kim Dae-Jung Administration

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    Shalendra D. Sharma

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In Korea, the IMF-supported program, approved in late 1997, focused on financial sector restructuring, corporate governance, capital account liberalization, labor market reforms and trade liberalization. As in Thailand, it soon became clear that the IMF program underestimated the severity and deIn Korea, the IMF-supported program, approved in late 1997, focused on financial sector restructuring, corporate governance, capital account liberalization, labor market reforms and trade liberalization. As in Thailand, it soon became clear that the IMF program underestimated the severity and depth of the crisis. It fell upon the newly-elected government of Kim Dae-Jung to deal with both the crisis and the IMF. This paper illustrates how the Kim Dae-Jung administration deftly dealt with the grave challenges it faced. Korea's remarkable economic recovery, is in large measure, due to the government's prudent handling of the numerous economic challenges it faced. This paper examines the Korean government's management of the crisis-documenting both its achievements and the challenges ahead.

  2. The Ten Thousand Kims

    CERN Document Server

    Baek, Seung Ki; Kim, Beom Jun; 10.1088/1367-2630/13/7/073036

    2011-01-01

    In the Korean culture the family members are recorded in special family books. This makes it possible to follow the distribution of Korean family names far back in history. It is here shown that these name distributions are well described by a simple null model, the random group formation (RGF) model. This model makes it possible to predict how the name distributions change and these predictions are shown to be borne out. In particular, the RGF model predicts that, for married women entering a collection of family books in a certain year, the occurrence of the most common family name "Kim" should be directly proportional the total number of married women with the same proportionality constant for all the years. This prediction is also borne out to high degree. We speculate that it reflects some inherent social stability in the Korean culture. In addition, we obtain an estimate of the total population of the Korean culture down to year 500 AD, based on the RGF model and find about ten thousand Kims.

  3. The ten thousand Kims

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, Seung Ki; Minnhagen, Petter; Kim, Beom Jun

    2011-07-01

    In Korean culture, the names of family members are recorded in special family books. This makes it possible to follow the distribution of Korean family names far back in history. It is shown here that these name distributions are well described by a simple null model, the random group formation (RGF) model. This model makes it possible to predict how the name distributions change and these predictions are shown to be borne out. In particular, the RGF model predicts that for married women entering a collection of family books in a certain year, the occurrence of the most common family name 'Kim' should be directly proportional to the total number of married women with the same proportionality constant for all the years. This prediction is also borne out to a high degree. We speculate that it reflects some inherent social stability in the Korean culture. In addition, we obtain an estimate of the total population of the Korean culture down to the year 500 AD, based on the RGF model, and find about ten thousand Kims.

  4. Jung in education

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    Gitz-Johansen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This article is a review of the influence of analytical psychology within the field of education. The influence of analytical psychology on the mainstream of educational thought and practice has never been great. However, Jung himself gave a number of lectures on education and post-Jungians have...... further explored the relevance of analytical thought in education. The article first outlines Jung’s own thoughts about education and their reception in primarily North-America and England. The second half of the article discusses the post-Jungian contributions. Six different strands of post......-Jungian inspiration are identified: Mytho-historical education, holistic education, archetypal pedagogy, educating imagination, educating different personality types, and transformative education. Finally it is suggested, that while analytical psychology may never occupy a place in the mainstream of educational...

  5. Jung in education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gitz-Johansen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This article is a review of the influence of analytical psychology within the field of education. The influence of analytical psychology on the mainstream of educational thought and practice has never been great. However, Jung himself gave a number of lectures on education and post-Jungians have......-Jungian inspiration are identified: Mytho-historical education, holistic education, archetypal pedagogy, educating imagination, educating different personality types, and transformative education. Finally it is suggested, that while analytical psychology may never occupy a place in the mainstream of educational...... further explored the relevance of analytical thought in education. The article first outlines Jung’s own thoughts about education and their reception in primarily North-America and England. The second half of the article discusses the post-Jungian contributions. Six different strands of post...

  6. Jung, the Pentateuch and ethics

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    Eben Scheffler

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the contribution� that can� be made to the interpretation of the Bible by employing the analytical psychology of Carl Jung. After some relevant biographical considerations on Jung, his view of religion and the Bible is briefly considered, followed by a look into Genesis 1-3 in terms of his distinction of archetypes. It is suggested in the conclusion that Jungian psychological Biblical criticism can lead to a changed, but fresh view on the �authority� or influence of the Bible in the lives of (postmodern human beings and their (ethical behaviour.

  7. Jung, the Pentateuch and ethics

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    Eben Scheffler

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the contribution� that can� be made to the interpretation of the Bible by employing the analytical psychology of Carl Jung. After some relevant biographical considerations on Jung, his view of religion and the Bible is briefly considered, followed by a look into Genesis 1-3 in terms of his distinction of archetypes. It is suggested in the conclusion that Jungian psychological Biblical criticism can lead to a changed, but fresh view on the �authority� or influence of the Bible in the lives of (postmodern human beings and their (ethical behaviour.

  8. Teori Individuasi Carl Gustav Jung

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    Ivan Th.J Weismann

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Masyarakat pada masa kini adalah masyarakat yang telah beralih dari masyarakat tradisional menjadi masyarakat modern. Masyarakat modern punya ciri khas tersendiri begitu pula dengan masyarakat pasca modern. C. G. Jung membahas tentang masyarakat yang berindividuasi. Apakah masyarakat yang berindividuasi itu adalah termasuk dalam salah satu ciri dari masyarakat modern.Individu yang mampu mengatasi persoalan masyarakat moderen ialah individu yang mencapai tahap-tahap proses individuasi ini atau yang disebut pula sebagai individu yang berindividuasi.

  9. Misunderstanding Jung: the afterlife of legends.

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    Shamdasani, S

    2000-07-01

    F. X. Charet's article, 'Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship', is full of errors and legends. In this article, I demonstrate the tendentiousness of his criticisms of the historical work of Eugene Taylor and myself concerning Jung's linkages with the subliminal psychology of Théodore Flournoy, William James, and F. W. H. Myers, and the fallaciousness of his criticism of my claim that Memories, Dreams, Reflections was not Jung's autobiography.

  10. Dr Jung Hyun KIM Vice Minister for Education, Science and Technology MEST Republic of Korea

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    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2010-01-01

    He learnt about CERN's LHC computing grid project from Frédéric Hemmer, head of the information technology department. In addition, the vice-minister toured the ATLAS visitor centre, the CMS control centre, the ALICE experiment's exhibition and control room, and he met Korean scientists at CERN.

  11. Gnostic inner illumination and Carl Jung's individuation.

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    Pennachio, J

    1992-09-01

    The ancient religious system of Gnosticism argued for the transcendence of the physical world and the divinity of self-knowledge. More recently, a similar argument was made by Carl Jung through his concept of individuation. This paper examines some of the similarities between Gnostic inner illumination and Jung's concept of individuation.

  12. Freud, Adler, Jung: From Womb to Tomb.

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    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

    This paper briefly introduces outlines of psychoanalysis (Freud), individual psychology (Adler), and analytical psychology (Jung). Freud focused on problems of adults as they related to childhood; Adler on problems of adults as they related to adulthood; and Jung on problems of adults as they related to middle and later years. Jungian analytical…

  13. Jung's quest for the "Aurora consurgens"

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    Haaning, Aksel

    2014-01-01

    The paper focuses on the year 1929 when Jung published ‘A European commentary’ to Richard Wilhelm's German translation of the Taoist text The Secret of the Golden Flower. This shows that Jung had already started on the track of European alchemy by following up Conrad Waldkirch's preface in Artis ...

  14. [Carl Gustav Jung's alchemical thinking].

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    Mirkiewicz, Jakub

    2004-01-01

    Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychologist and philosopher of culture used in his concepts many constructs having their source in philosophy of alchemy. These ideas can be found not only in his books on alchemy but also in his psychological works. Among them we should enumerate: the theory of psychological process, the concepts of opposites coexisting in the psyche, the polar structure of notions in his psychological system and the idea of synchronicity. The author of this article examines these main points of Jungian program within the context of its parallelism with paracelsian alchemical philosophy of nature: the process of nature, alchemical dialectics and the universal analogy of micro- and macrocosmos. At the beginning of his work, creating his psychology Jung assumed similar ideas. Later, when he noticed this similarity, alchemy became very helpful in his research of psyche, because thanks to them he conceptualised the successive aspects of polar structure of dynamical psychical reality, which--like his alchemical predecessors--he used to explain basics of the micro- and macro-world.

  15. Jung and Lévy-Bruhl.

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    Segal, Robert A

    2007-11-01

    For his knowledge of 'primitive' peoples, C. G. Jung relied on the work of Lucien Lévy-Bruhl (1857-1939), a French philosopher who in mid-career became an armchair anthropologist. In a series of books from 1910 on, Lévy-Bruhl asserted that 'primitive' peoples had been misunderstood by modern Westerners. Rather than thinking like moderns, just less rigorously, 'primitives' harbour a mentality of their own. 'Primitive' thinking is both 'mystical' and 'prelogical'. By 'mystical', Lévy-Bruhl meant that 'primitive' peoples experience the world as identical with themselves. Their relationship to the world, including to fellow human beings, is that of participation mystique. By 'prelogical', Lévy-Bruhl meant that 'primitive' thinking is indifferent to contradictions. 'Primitive' peoples deem all things identical with one another yet somehow still distinct. A human is at once a tree and still a human being. Jung accepted unquestioningly Lévy-Bruhl's depiction of the 'primitive' mind, even when Jung, unlike Lévy-Bruhl, journeyed to the field to see 'primitive' peoples firsthand. But Jung altered Lévy-Bruhl's conception of 'primitive' mentality in three key ways. First, he psychologized it. Whereas for Lévy-Bruhl 'primitive' thinking is to be explained sociologically, for Jung it is to be explained psychologically: 'primitive' peoples think as they do because they live in a state of unconsciousness. Second, Jung universalized 'primitive' mentality. Whereas for Lévy-Bruhl 'primitive' thinking is ever more being replaced by modern thinking, for Jung 'primitive' thinking is the initial psychological state of all human beings. Third, Jung appreciated 'primitive' thinking. Whereas for Lévy-Bruhl 'primitive' thinking is false, for Jung it is true--once it is recognized as an expression not of how the world but of how the unconscious works. I consider, along with the criticisms of Lévy-Bruhl's conception of 'primitive' thinking by his fellow anthropologists and

  16. Individuation:an Analysis of Passing Based on Jung`s Archetypes

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    XU Ya-fei

    2013-01-01

    This paper tries to interpreter Passing on the basis of Jungian archetypes. First this paper gives a brief introduction to Jung`s concept of individuation, then it analyses the archetypes:shadow, anima/animus, and persona of the individual respectively so that it shows that the individual has been through the process of individuation and finds her real self at last.

  17. [Eugen Bleuler and Carl Gustav Jung's habilitation].

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    Wilhelm, H R

    1996-01-01

    Eugen Bleuler's letter of recommendation for Carl Gustav Jung's appointment as a lecturer In January 1905, Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939) wrote a letter of recommendation to the Medical Faculty of the University of Zurich, urging them to accept the application of Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) as a lecturer there. Bleuler's letter mentions the contribution to Jung's writing made by Franz Riklin (1878-1938), although he does not define it precisely. It is safe to say that, judging from the way in which Bleuler expresses his opinions in this letter, this may be regarded at the very least as an early sign of his receptiveness to the psychoanalytical ideas of the time.

  18. The Pauli-Jung conjecture and its impact today

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    Fuchs, Christopher A

    2014-01-01

    Related to the key areas of Pauli''s and Jung''s joint interests, the book covers overlapping issues from the perspectives of physics, philosophy, and psychology. Of primary significance are epistemological questions connected to issues such as realism, measurement, observation, consciousness, and the unconscious. The contributions assess the extensive material that we have about Pauli''s and Jung''s ideas today, with particular respect to concrete research questions and projects based on and re...

  19. Gnosticism and psychology. Jung's Septem sermones ad mortuos.

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    Brenner, E M

    1990-10-01

    In this paper, I have attempted a historical analysis of what Jung might have been thinking when he wrote the 'Seven sermons'. To this end, I tried to ascertain which Gnostic texts Jung may have consulted before writing it. These documents were then compared with the 'Seven sermons', and numerous affinities noted between it and the Gnostic texts. Jung's contemporaneous academic works were then compared with this treatise, and parallels were established between the 'Seven sermons' and Jung's emerging psychology of the unconscious. In the process, an attempt was made to show how Jung made use of Gnostic themes in his emerging psychology. While there is no way of knowing precisely what Jung was thinking when he wrote the 'Seven sermons', it is clear that he was well acquainted not only with the work of Basilides, but also with the work of other Gnostic thinkers. It is not enough to assume that because Jung chose the pseudonym of Basilides, he was necessarily Jung's primary Gnostic influence. At the same time, it is also evident that Jung was developing his own psychology during the writing of the 'Seven sermons'. We recall Jung's observations regarding the 'Seven sermons', which we quoted on page 17: These conversations with the dead formed a kind of prelude to what I had to communicate to the world about the unconscious . . . All my works, all my creative activity, has come from those initial fantasies and dreams which began in 1912, almost fifty years ago. Everything that I accomplished in later life was already contained in them, although at first only in the form of emotions and images (Jung 21, p. 192). On the basis of what has been published, there are enough affinities between his academic work and this treatise to posit that the 'Seven sermons' played an important role in the emergence of Jung's psychology. Given these numerous parallels, I suspect that Jung's unpublished writings, including the Red Book, would only strengthen the arguments put forth in this

  20. Jung's psychological analysis of Imago Dei

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    Ivana Ryška Vajdová

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the most intricate topics that are still open in connection to a Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung is religion and related issues: What is the relation between religion and psychology? What is Jung’s personal stance? Did Jung reject religion as a relict of primitive way of thinking or did he try to replace religion with psychology? Some speculations drawing primarily from Jung’s imagery and symbolism revealed in Liber Novus put forward the claim that he even aspired to found a new religion. This paper will attempt to square Jung’s attitude to religion, mainly Christianity. I will point out the main ideas of his psychology of religion. I will follow the evolution of particular ideas related to religion starting with his early works right through to his last.

  1. Archetypes and patriarchy: Eliade and Jung.

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    Meadow, M J

    1992-09-01

    This paper first presents the understandings of the concept of archetype held by Carl Jung and Mircea Eliade. After comparing their use of the term, the paper next presents some major archetypes concerning sex roles that each theorist describes. The problems such notions create for women are analyzed. The paper ends with a discussion of some possible solutions to the difficulties caused by the human proclivity for archetypal imaging.

  2. Two Jungs. Apropos a paper by Mark Saban.

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    Giegerich, Wolfgang

    2015-06-01

    Jung's idea of the 'personal equation' amounts to the reflection that theoretical differences between the psychologies that people teach are rooted in their personalities, in other words, that they are due to the psychology each one 'has'. This concept also applies to different interpretations of Jung's work. The serious difficulties that Mark Saban has with my psychology are a case in point. Recourse to the concept of the personal equation reveals that Saban has his Jung and I have mine. With his insistence on his Talmudic methodological principle of dream interpretation, that 'the dream is its own interpretation', according to Saban Jung means nothing but a rejection of Freudian free association. My Jung goes far beyond that. Jung understands this methodological principle above all in terms of what he calls 'circumambulation'. The main part of this paper is devoted to an elucidation of what circumambulation involves as a mode of dream interpretation. The paper concludes with the distinction Jung himself introduced between two types of reading of his work, either as 'paper' and 'dead nostrums' or as 'fire and wind', and pleads for a reconstruction of Jung's psychology as a whole in terms of his most advanced, deepest insights, instead of a dogmatic reading mainly based on the early Jung, a reading for which his later revolutionary insights are at best negligible embellishments. © 2015, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  3. Jung's view on myth and post-modern psychology.

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    Jones, Raya A

    2003-11-01

    Post-modern psychology embodies two core themes, the social mind and the narrative self. Whereas the social-mind thesis seems diametrically opposed to Jung's position regarding human nature, the narrative-self thesis is associated with research and theorizing about personal myth and mythmaking in ways that could make contact with Jung's concerns. Jung's view is examined here with particular attention to McAdams' theory of narrative identity. It is suggested that the ostensible differences between Jung and post-modern psychology might reflect divergent interests, rather than necessarily irreconcilable worldviews.

  4. Jung's views of Nazi Germany: the first year and Jung's transition.

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    Schoenl, William; Schoenl, Linda

    2016-09-01

    This article first considers Jung's response to the coming to power of the Nazis in Germany. It brings forth evidence that, besides wanting to preserve psychotherapy in Germany and maintain the international connection between the German and other communities of psychotherapists, he wanted to advance Jungian psychology - his psychology - in Germany. It also presents evidence that, although he occasionally made some anti-Semitic statements during this early period, he was not anti-Semitic in the way the Nazis were. The paper then argues that after Gustav Bally's criticisms in the Neue Zuercher Zeitung in February 1934, Jung entered into a transitional period that spring during which he became warier both of the Nazis and of making any statements that could be construed as being anti-Semitic. Schoenl and Peck (2012) have shown how Jung's views of Nazi Germany changed from 1933 to March 1936. This present article demonstrates very significant changes in Jung's views during the important early part of this period, that is from January 1933 - when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany - through to the spring of 1934. It draws on evidence from archival and other primary sources.

  5. La escuela de Carl G. Jung

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    Andrés Ortiz Osés

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta la Escuela de C.G.Jung como un movimiento que, siguiendo al psicólogo suizo, trata de coimplicar inconsciente y consciente en un lenguaje simbólico de sentido. Como representante de la Escuela junguiana se ofrece la psicología de Erich Neumann, perteneciente al Círculo Eranos y especializado en el estudio de la correlación entre la urdimbre matriarcal y la estructura patriarcal, cuya síntesis anímica constituye el sentido.

  6. Prof. Il-Hoi Kim: a tribute.

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    Huys, Rony

    2016-10-11

    Prof. Il-Hoi Kim was born during the Korean War on 28 February 1952 in Buan, North Jeolla Province (South Korea), near the coast of the Yellow Sea whose tidal flats would become one of his favourite sampling grounds during his scientific career. From an early age he developed an intense interest in natural history in general and marine biology in particular. He obtained his B.Sc. in 1974 at the Department of Biology Education, Gongju National College of Education. Between 1974 and 1976 he was conscripted into the South Korean military during which he progressed to the rank of lieutenant of artillery in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC). After his graduation in 1980 at the Department of Zoology, Seoul National University, Il-Hoi Kim moved to the Department of Biology, Gangneung-Wonju National University on the East Sea coast where he was first appointed lecturer (1981) before taking up the position of assistant professor (1983), associate professor (1987) and full professor (1993). In 1985 he had previously completed his Ph.D. dissertation on Korean barnacles at Seoul National University under the supervision of the late Prof. Hoon Soo Kim, a pioneer in marine invertebrate taxonomy and renowned as the father of carcinology in Korea.

  7. Jung's Psychology and Deleuze's Philosophy: The Unconscious in Learning

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    Semetsky, Inna; Delpech-Ramey, Joshua A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the unconscious dimension as articulated in Carl Jung's depth psychology and in Gilles Deleuze's philosophy. Jung's theory of the archetypes and Deleuze's pedagogy of the concept are two complementary resources that posit individuation as the goal of human development and self-education in practice. The paper asserts that…

  8. Jung's and Freud's contributions to dream interpretation: a comparison.

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    Weitz, L J

    1976-04-01

    Carl G. Jung considers dreams as (a) aids to restoring and maintaining mental health, (b) as scientific insights into psychic casuality, (c) as symbolic representations of one's actual subjective state and (d) as expressions of "telepathic visions". In this paper Jung's considerations are contrasted to Freud's.

  9. Winnicott on Jung: destruction, creativity and the unrepressed unconscious.

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    Meredith-Owen, William

    2011-02-01

    This paper considers Winnicott's critique of Jung, principally expressed in his review of Memories, Dreams, Reflections, which asserts that Jung's creative contribution to analysis was constrained by his failure to integrate his 'primitive destructive impulses', subsequent to inadequate early containment. It is argued that although Winnicott's diagnosis illuminates Jung's shadow, particularly his constraints vis-à-vis the repressed Freudian unconscious, it fails to appreciate the efficacy of the compensatory containment Jung found in the collective unconscious. This enigmatic relationship between destruction and creativity-so central to late Winnicott-is illuminated by Matte Blanco's bi-logic, and further explored in relation to William Blake. Winnicott's personal resolution through his Jung-inspired 'splitting headache' dream of destruction-previously considered in this Journal by Morey (2005) and Sedgwick (2008)-is given particular attention.

  10. Another serious misunderstanding: Jung, Giegerich and a premature requiem.

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    Saban, Mark

    2015-02-01

    Barreto's paper, 'Requiem for analytical psychology' utilized Jung's dreams and visions to argue for the obsolescence of Jungian psychology. Its thesis rested upon the theoretical assumptions of Giegerich's psychology as a Discipline of Interiority, which he and Giegerich claim are themselves based in Jung's psychology. Here I argue that that claim is misplaced because it depends upon a fundamental misunderstanding of the nature of Jung's psychological project. I shall further argue that Giegerich's arguments for a Jungian basis to his psychology rely upon misreadings and decontextualisations of Jung's original texts. Finally, I shall attempt to draw attention to the weaknesses and contradictions involved in Barreto's interpretations of Jung's dreams and visions. © 2015, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  11. Jung, vitalism and 'the psychoid': an historical reconstruction.

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    Addison, Ann

    2009-02-01

    This paper traces the history of Jung's ideas concerning the psychoid unconscious, from their origins in the work of the vitalist, Hans Driesch, and his concept of Das Psychoid, through the subsequent work of Eugen Bleuler, Director of the Burghölzli Asylum, and his concept of Die Psychoide, to the publication of Jung's paper On the Nature of the Psyche in 1947. This involves a review of Jung's early work and of his meeting with Freud, when apparently the two men discussed calling the unconscious 'psychoid', as well as a review of Jung's more mature ideas concerning a psychoid unconscious. I propose to argue that even at the time of their meeting, Jung had already formulated an epistemological approach that was significantly different from that of Freud and that clearly foreshadowed his later ideas as set out in On the Nature of the Psyche.

  12. A visit paid to Jung by Alwine von Keller.

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    Bernardini, Riccardo; Quaglino, Gian Piero; Romano, Augusto

    2011-04-01

    In the winter of 1943-1944, Jung had suffered a coronary thrombosis which almost cost him his life. During his illness, Jung experienced a series of visions, described in his Memories, Dreams, Reflections, which were also to influence significantly the development of his theoretical thinking. On 27(th) September 1944, Alwine von Keller (1878-1965) paid a visit to Jung, while he was still convalescing, in Zurich and documented her meeting with him in a series of notes, recently discovered, which testify to the fact that, at the time of their meeting, Jung was engaged in writing the 'Salt' chapter of Mysterium coniunctionis and investigating the alchemistic symbolism of the 'sea'. This theme seems to testify to a continuity of interests on Jung's part with the seminar he held at Eranos the previous year on the cartographic art of Opicinus de Canistris (1296-c.1352). With its addition of many unpublished details, Alwine von Keller's notes supplement the report which Jung made of his visions experienced during his sickness in MDR. In particular, these attest to the fact that Jung had attributed the terrible experience which he had endured to the problem of the conjunctio, which was confronting him from the theoretical point of view in his writing of Mysterium coniunctionis.

  13. Winnicott's invitation to 'further games of Jung-analysis'.

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    Meredith-Owen, William

    2015-02-01

    Winnicott signs off his celebrated review of Jung's (1963) autobiography Memories, Dreams, Reflections with the warning that translation of 'erreichten' as 'attained' (implying assimilation) rather than as 'reached to', could 'queer the pitch for further games of Jung-analysis'. This subtly underscores his view that Jung--who he described earlier as 'mentally split' and lacking 'a self with which to know'--remained essentially dissociated. However, Winnicott, whilst immersed in this work on Jung, wrote a letter to Michael Fordham describing himself as suffering 'a lifelong malady' of 'dissociation'. But this he now reported repaired through a 'splitting headache' dream of destruction, dreamt 'for Jung, and for some of my patients, as well as for myself' (Winnicott 1989, p. 228). Winnicott's recurrent concern during his last decade was with 'reaching to'--that quintessential Winnicottian term--some reparative experience that could address such difficulties in constellating a 'unit self'. This is correlated with his engagement with Jung and tracked through his contemporaneous clinical work, particularly 'Fear of Breakdown' (1963). Themes first introduced by Sedgwick (2008) and developed by the author's earlier 'Winnicott on Jung; destruction, creativity and the unrepressed unconscious' (2011) are given further consideration.

  14. C. G. Jung: the Man and His Work, Then and Now.

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    Alexander, Irving E.

    This paper discusses the life of Carl Jung, analyzing the relationship to his work of selected events in his life. Biographical elements of Jung's life such as his family and childhood experiences are described, and specific incidents that Jung reported to have had a great impact on his emotional health are highlighted. Jung's professional…

  15. Jung, weiblich und Journalistin: Endstation Prekariat?

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    Martina Lettner

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Die Medienbranche ist seit nunmehr vier Jahrzehnten von Wandlungsprozessen gekennzeichnet. Dabei sind die strukturellen Umbrüche im Bereich der Massenmedien bereits Grundlage zahlreicher wissenschaftlicher Arbeiten zum journalistischen Feld; die zunehmende Ungleichheit, die vor allem weibliche Akteure innerhalb des Feldes in Österreich erleben, wurde bisher jedoch nicht eingehend thematisiert. Aufbauend auf den Datensätzen, die 2010 an der Universität Salzburg gewonnen wurden (vgl. Hummel et al. 2010, und der Theorie des französischen Soziologen Pierre Bourdieu werden im folgenden Beitrag Struktur dieser Ungleichheit – derzeit sind junge Frauen im von älteren Männern dominierten journalistischen Feld Österreichs doppelt benachteiligt –, ihre Ursachen, Reproduktionsmechanismen und mögliche Gegenstrategien aufgezeigt.

  16. Analysis and Visualization of Network Data Using JUNG

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    Pinaz Sayma

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The JUNG (Java Universal Network/Graph Framework is a free, open-source software library that provides a common and extendible language for the manipulation, analysis, and visualization of data that can be represented as a graph or network. It is written in the Java programming language, allowing JUNG-based applications to make use of the extensive built-in capabilities of the Java Application Programming Interface (API, as well as those of other existing third-party Java libraries. In this paper, the JUNG Framework is described which is used to visualize data.

  17. The Application of Jung's Analytical Psychology to Education.

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    Shaker, Paul

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the application of Jungian analytical psychology to education. The author outlines Jung's concepts which relate to the foundations of education, personality development, cognitive processes, motivation, and curriculum theory. (AM)

  18. Jaan Jung. Muinasaja teadus eestlaste maalt III / Villem Reiman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiman, Villem, 1861-1917

    2015-01-01

    Jaan Jungi elust ja tegevusest ning tema raamatust: Muinasajateadus eestlaste maalt : III, Kohalised muinasaja kirjeldused Tallinnamaalt / Kogunud ja välja annud J. Jung. Tallinn : A. Busch'i rmtkpl., 1910

  19. The Face We Put On: Carl Jung for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Robert P.

    1994-01-01

    Examines Carl Jung's concept of the "persona" (his term for the masks people wear). Notes how teachers use personae and suggests ways to restore the energy that teachers lose when hiding inside their personae. (SR)

  20. "Decknamen or pseudochemical language"? Eirenaeus Philalethes and Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, W R

    1996-01-01

    It is impossible to investigate the historiography of alchemy without encountering the ideas of the "father of analytical psychology", Carl Jung. Jung argued that alchemy, viewed as a diachronic, trans-cultural entity, was concerned more with psychological states occurring in the mind of the practitioner than with real chemical processes. In the course of elucidating this idea, Jung draws on a number of alchemical authors from the early modern period. One of these is Eirenaeus Philalethes, the pen name of George Starkey (1628-1665), a native of Bermuda who was educated at Harvard College, and who later immigrated to London. A careful analysis of Starkey's work shows, however, that Jung was entirely wrong in his assessment of this important representative of seventeenth-century alchemy. This finding casts serious doubt on the Jungian interpretation of alchemy as a whole.

  1. Jaan Jung. Muinasaja teadus eestlaste maalt III / Villem Reiman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiman, Villem, 1861-1917

    2015-01-01

    Jaan Jungi elust ja tegevusest ning tema raamatust: Muinasajateadus eestlaste maalt : III, Kohalised muinasaja kirjeldused Tallinnamaalt / Kogunud ja välja annud J. Jung. Tallinn : A. Busch'i rmtkpl., 1910

  2. From Moscovici to Jung: the feminine archetype and its iconography

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jesús Saiz Galdós; Beatriz Fernández Ruiz; José Luis Álvaro Estramiana

    2007-01-01

    .... Using Jung's concept of archetype to analyse women´s iconographic representations allows us to combine the notion of the collective unconscious with that of social representations. Whereas Moscovici...

  3. [Salzburg 1908. Karl Abraham caught between Freud and Jung].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Schoonheten, Anna Bentinck

    2010-01-01

    The first psychoanalytic congress in Salzburg has often been described as a great success with one blemish: a conflict between Jung and Abraham, mainly caused by the rivalry in Abraham's behaviour. A new study of the material, and taking Abraham's perspective, provides a different view. Abraham, still a beginner in psychoanalysis, got in the way of Freud and Jung who at that time had a deep theoretical disagreement. In the end they both blamed Abraham.

  4. Analysis and Visualization of Network Data Using JUNG

    OpenAIRE

    Pinaz Sayma

    2014-01-01

    The JUNG (Java Universal Network/Graph) Framework is a free, open-source software library that provides a common and extendible language for the manipulation, analysis, and visualization of data that can be represented as a graph or network. It is written in the Java programming language, allowing JUNG-based applications to make use of the extensive built-in capabilities of the Java Application Programming Interface (API), as well as those of other existing third-party Java li...

  5. Jung's twin brother. Otto Gross and Carl Gustav Jung. With an hitherto unpublished letter by C. G. Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuer, G

    2001-10-01

    This paper is a preliminary communication of several years of research into the life and work of the Austrian psychoanalyst and anarchist Otto Gross (1877-1920). Although he played a pivotal role in the birth of modernity, acting as a significant influence upon psychiatry, psychoanalysis, ethics, sociology and literature, he has remained virtually unknown to this day. Following a biographical sketch and an overview of his main theoretical contributions, the impact of Gross' life and work on the development of analytical theory and practice is described. His relationship with some of the key figures in psychoanalysis is presented, with particular emphasis on his connections to Jung. The paper concludes with an account of relevant contemporary interest in his work: the founding of the International Otto Gross Society, the first edition of The Collected Works of Otto Gross on the Internet, and the 1st and 2nd International Otto Gross Congresses which took place in Berlin in 1999 and at the Burghölzli Clinic, Zürich, in October 2000.

  6. Junge relationships in measurement data for cyclic siloxanes in air.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLeod, Matthew; Kierkegaard, Amelie; Genualdi, Susie; Harner, Tom; Scheringer, Martin

    2013-10-01

    In 1974, Junge postulated a relationship between variability of concentrations of gases in air at remote locations and their atmospheric residence time, and this Junge relationship has subsequently been observed empirically for a range of trace gases. Here, we analyze two previously-published datasets of concentrations of cyclic volatile methyl siloxanes (cVMS) in air and find Junge relationships in both. The first dataset is a time series of concentrations of decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) measured between January and June, 2009 at a rural site in southern Sweden that shows a Junge relationship in the temporal variability of the measurements. The second dataset consists of measurements of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and D5 made simultaneously at 12 sites in the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) network that shows a Junge relationship in the spatial variability of the three cVMS congeners. We use the Junge relationship for the GAPS dataset to estimate atmospheric lifetimes of dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6), 8:2-fluorotelomer alcohol and trichlorinated biphenyls that are within a factor of 3 of estimates based on degradation rate constants for reaction with hydroxyl radical determined in laboratory studies.

  7. Jung as psychologist of religion and Jung as philosopher of religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Robert A

    2010-06-01

    Is it possible to be both a psychologist and a philosopher? Is it possible for a psychologist, or more generally a social scientist, to use social scientific findings to make philosophical claims? Specifically, is it possible for a social scientist to use social scientific findings to determine the existence of God? Did Jung profess to be only a psychologist or also a philosopher? If he professed to be both, did he enlist his psychological findings to make philosophical claims? Specifically, did he enlist his psychological findings to determine the existence of God?

  8. Two in one or one in two? Pushing off from Jung with Wolfgang Giegerich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saban, Mark

    2015-11-01

    This paper responds to a recent paper by Wolfgang Giegerich entitled 'Two Jungs: apropos a paper by Mark Saban'. Giegerich disputes my assertion that the 'rigorous notion' at the heart of his psychology 'finds no source in Jung's psychology, implicit or explicit'. In order to do this he posits the existence of two Jungs, an exoteric Jung and an esoteric Jung. The implications of Giegerich's binary scission of Jung are explored in this paper, and show that the tendency to exalt one Jung while disparaging the other betrays a comprehensive blindness toward the contradictory complexity of Jung's psychology as a whole. It is suggested that this blindness is the consequence of Giegerich's systematic prioritization of a neo-Hegelian agenda that is in profound conflict with the telos of Jung's psychology.

  9. Sabina Spielrein: out from the shadow of Jung and Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skea, Brian R

    2006-09-01

    Since the 1982 publication of Aldo Carotenuto's book, A Secret Symmetry: Sabina Spielrein Between Jung and Freud, there has been renewed interest in the life and work of Sabina Spielrein. She was Jung's first psychoanalytic case at the Burghölzli Hospital in 1904, and was referred to several times in The Freud/Jung Letters. Spielrein recovered, enrolled in medical school, and went on to become a Freudian analyst. Her most famous paper, published in 1912, 'Destruction as a cause of coming into being', was referred to by Freud in 1920 in relation to his Death Instinct theory. In the few Freudian publications on this controversial theory since 1920, Spielrein's contribution is consistently omitted. Jung also neglected to refer to her 'Destruction' paper in his early 1912 version of 'Symbols of transformation', even though he had edited her paper and had promised to acknowledge her contribution. He did refer extensively to Spielrein's first paper, her medical thesis, 'On the psychological content of a case of schizophrenia', published in 1911, as yet unpublished in English. In her paper Spielrein sought to understand the psychotic delusions of Frau M, a patient at the Burghölzli, much in the style of Jung's 'Psychology of dementia praecox' (1907). The purpose of this paper is to explore to what extent Spielrein's Frau M paper, and its companion 'Destruction' paper, make an original contribution to both Jung and Freud's emerging theories on the possible creative versus destructive outcomes of neurotic or psychotic introversion, culminating in Jung's concept of the 'collective unconscious' (1916) and Freud's concept of a 'Death instinct' (1920).

  10. Jung, Evans-Wentz and various other gurus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, William

    2003-09-01

    How did Jung become deeply concerned with Asian religions and particularly with the Tibetan Buddhism of a Welshman from Trenton, New Jersey? Could that man be considered one of Jung's gurus? This essay begins six years after Jung, at twenty, was admitted to the medical school of Basel University and became a member of the Zofingiaverein, a student society. The next year he gave the first of a series of lectures on the interpretation of Christ as the model of the 'god-man', like the Apostle Paul, Confucius, Zoroaster and the Buddha, who was 'drummed into the Hindu boy'. (Jung's Zofingia Lectures were discovered only after his death, in 1961, and were published in English in 1983). The present essay discusses Jung's early Buddhist interest as displayed in The Psychology of the Unconscious (finally, in a revision, entitled Symbols of Transformation), in Psychological Types and later in his foreword of the Wilhelm translation of the I Ching. Jung was influenced by the gurus Richard Wilhelm and his son Hellmut, the scholar J. W. Hauer (with whom he later broke off relations because of Hauer's Nazi politics), the indologist Heinrich Zimmer, and the Zen master D. T. Suzuki. Walter Yeeling Wentz was born in Trenton in 1878 and brought up in his family's theosophist faith. The Wentzes moved to San Diego in 1900, and Walter added his mother's Celtic surname, Evans, to the German Wentz. He was educated at Stanford University and travelled in Europe, studying Celtic folklore, and widely in the Near East, Tibet, India, and Oxford--studying religions everywhere and editing Tibetan books. He lived his last decades in San Diego and conducted a correspondence with Jung, while living in a cheap hotel, or in an ashram.

  11. Jung's very twentieth-century view of myth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Robert A

    2003-11-01

    It is commonly assumed that Jung's view of myth, like his view of everything else, is best understood vis-à-vis Freud's. I argue that Jung in fact positions himself much more broadly, not merely against other psychologists of myth but more fundamentally against non-psychologists altogether. Undeniably, Jung pits his theory against Freud's, but only after pitting both his theory and Freud's against those theories that assume the subject matter of myth to be the external world rather than the human mind and that assume the function of myth to be either the explanation or the description of the external world rather than the expression of the human mind. The theorists whom Jung challenges are called 'nature mythologists', for whom myth is either a literal explanation or a symbolic description of the natural world. Which element of the natural world myth is about varies from nature mythologist to nature mythologist. The two leading nature mythologists, both of whom Jung cites, were Edward Tylor and James Frazer. Their theories epitomize the nineteenth-century approach to myth. For them, myth is the 'primitive' counterpart to science, which is entirely modern. For them, myth and science are incompatible, science is true and myth false, and myth must therefore go when science comes. Jung's rejection of the external world as the referent of myth and of explanation or description of that world as the function of myth epitomizes the twentieth-century response to nineteenth-century theories. For not merely Jung and Freud but also twentieth-century theorists generally, myth is anything but the 'primitive' counterpart to modern science. Consequently, myth and science are not rivals, so that myth need not go when science comes.

  12. Kim Dotcomi kättemaks / Andy Greenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Greenberg, Andy

    2013-01-01

    Skandaalne Internetimagnaat Kim Schmitz, rohkem tuntud kui Kim Dotcom, on veendunud, et tema loodud failivahetusprogrammi Megauploadi mahavõtmisega ja autoriõiguste rikkumise süüdistusega tehti talle liiga ning ta on asunud raevukalt vastulöögile USA valitsuse vastu

  13. Kim Dotcomi kättemaks / Andy Greenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Greenberg, Andy

    2013-01-01

    Skandaalne Internetimagnaat Kim Schmitz, rohkem tuntud kui Kim Dotcom, on veendunud, et tema loodud failivahetusprogrammi Megauploadi mahavõtmisega ja autoriõiguste rikkumise süüdistusega tehti talle liiga ning ta on asunud raevukalt vastulöögile USA valitsuse vastu

  14. Jung, spirits and madness: lessons for cultural psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koss-Chioino, Joan D

    2003-06-01

    An understanding of the nature and meaning of 'dissociative,' 'altered' or unusual states ultimately turns on the meaning and definition of consciousness. The view of consciousness from the discipline of psychiatry is largely based on a biomedically endorsed, culturally specific perspective of 'normal' consciousness as an integrated pattern of quotidian relationships with the 'observable' physical world. This perspective underlies the nosology for mental disorders, particularly psychoses, suggesting irreconcilable difference in cognition and affect of persons with these diagnostic labels. This article reviews some theories of Carl Gustav Jung regarding the structure and content of human consciousness and their relationship to aspects of 'dementia praecox' or 'schizophrenia.' It traces the origin and development of these ideas in part to Jung's early contact with, and intense interest in spiritualists and spirits, to later influences comprised of his own altered states (dreams and fantasies) and his involvement with patients diagnosed as schizophrenic. Data on current Spiritist beliefs and healing practices focused on 'madness' (i.e. most often diagnosed as schizophrenia in mental health settings), are described to explore parallels with Jung's ideas on the structure and dynamics of the psyche. These parallels are of special interest because the experience of spirits is ubiquitous, not well explained and often rejected as meaningful by psychiatrists and clinical psychologists. Jung, however, offers a cogent explanation of spirit phenomena as manifestations of the unconscious. A concluding section suggests contributions to cultural psychiatry by Jung.

  15. Pauli and Jung the meeting of two great minds

    CERN Document Server

    Lindorff, David

    2004-01-01

    The pioneering work of Nobel prize-winning physicist Wolfgang Pauli led to developing the bombs that decimated Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Desperate over this outcome, Pauli sought help from the eminent depth psychologist, C. G. Jung. Their long correspondence provides the powerful and unique record of a mature scientist's inner journey. It also has had a tremendous impact on scientific and psychological thought ever since. Pauli and Jung is a lucid interpretation of Pauli's ideas and dreams that forcefully validates his belief in the inseparable union of science and spirituality. Far ahead of their time, Wolfgang Pauli and C. G. Jung both knew this union is essential for the future of humanity and the survival of the planet.

  16. Carl Gustav Jung and Granville Stanley Hall on Religious Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chae Young

    2016-08-01

    Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) with William James (1842-1910) is the key founder of psychology of religion movement and the first American experimental or genetic psychologist, and Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) is the founder of the analytical psychology concerned sympathetically about the religious dimension rooted in the human subject. Their fundamental works are mutually connected. Among other things, both Hall and Jung were deeply interested in how the study of religious experience is indispensable for the depth understanding of human subject. Nevertheless, except for the slight indication, this common interest between them has not yet been examined in academic research paper. So this paper aims to articulate preliminary evidence of affinities focusing on the locus and its function of the inner deep psychic dimension as the religious in the work of Hall and Jung.

  17. Jung, mandala e arquitetura Islâmica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Raffaelli

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se propõe a refletir sobre as origens do conceito junguiano de mandala. Utiliza-se o relato autobiográfico de Jung, Memórias, Sonhos e Reflexões, e sua obra Psicologia e Alquimia para traçar essa origem. Segundo Barbara Hannah, biógrafa de Jung, uma mesquita no Cairo (Egito foi de importância capital para a formulação desse conceito. Provavelmente esse templo é a Mesquita Ahmad Ibn Tulun. É analisada a relação entre a simbologia arquitetônica islâmica inspirada pelo sufismo e as concepções psicológicas de Jung.

  18. Jung i Bachelard. Problem wyobraxni i mitu (JUNG AND BACHELARD. THE PROBLEM OF IMAGINATION AND MYTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilona Błocian

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to some specific 'area between' interpretative achievements of Freud, Jung and Bachelard. The imagination and myth problems are involved in more general perspective of philospophical conception of man in their works. Different models of human reason and imagination idealizing forces influenced procedures of an imaginal thinking and image itself interpretations. The basis of comparation is the unconscious (Freudian 'repressed unconscious', Jungian collective unconsciuos, complex and archetype conceptions as some kind of instruments to understand image formating process, phantasies, mythical and poetical image. An example of these differences is their interpretations of Promethean myth. A way of understand dream image, Anima and Animus archetypes refer to their specific theoretical frames.

  19. [Carl Gustav Jung, the myth of a man].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loza, Julieta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to get closer to the myth of Jung, this is part of the inner experiences that took place in his first childhood, and in which we can already see the foundation of his work and the development of key concepts as: the unconscious, Self, archetype and individuation process. His life is the display of his unconscious and this is what his work is about. We cannot understand Jung without taking into account the fundamental importance that he gives to the inner world: the dreams and fantasies; and the direct contact that he has had with these aspects since he was a little boy.

  20. The anthropology of Carl Jung: Implications for pastoral care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt-Meeks, S

    1983-09-01

    This article examines the basic tenets of Carl Jung's anthropology, including intrapsychic structure, relationships, society, and the process of individuation. It then turns to his ideas about God and religion. Jung builds his understanding of God from his work in psychology, and because of that method, there are several major problems with his theologizing. Nevertheless, his insights are extremely valuable to the field of pastoral care, and ministers would do very well to appreciate his contribution, though always with a critical eye to its limitation.

  1. The professionalization of Carl G. Jung's analytical psychology clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, A

    1994-04-01

    This paper addresses (1) the history of a cluster of unusual institutions-analytical psychology clubs--which started in 1916 and by 1934 had become established in many of the countries in the world in which there was interest in the analytical psychology of Carl G. Jung; (2) the conflicts involved in trying to unite the relatively informal earlier "Jung Clubs" with the more formal societies being established by the increasing numbers of professionally trained analysts; and (3) the wider cultural and social issues included in the professionalization of analytical psychology.

  2. Mind as Medium: Jung, McLuhan and the Archetype

    OpenAIRE

    Braga,Adriana

    2016-01-01

    The Greek notion of archetype was adopted and popularized in the context of the analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung. Marshall McLuhan used the concept archetype as a formal perspective rather than the content of an alleged “collective unconscious”. In his book From Cliché to Archetype, the idea of archetype is presented as the ground where individual action is the figure. This article, departing from the notion of archetype, explores some convergences between the thought of Carl Jung an...

  3. The value of confession and forgiveness according to Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, E

    1985-03-01

    This article represents a broad survey of the views of C. G. Jung regarding confession and for giveness. Man, a naturally religious being, has a need to confess his wrong and to gain forgiveness of one sanctioned to absolve. The curative effect of confession has been known for centuries. Without confession, man remains in moral isolation. Priests, ministers, and rabbis, as well as psychotherapists, attest to the universality of this human phenomenon. Confession is located in that place where psychology and religion meet-guilt. Jung's views on confession bridge the chasm between psychology and religion.

  4. [Freud and Jung. Cooperation--break--mutual stimulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falzeder, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    The article tries to throw new light on the Freud/Jung relationship. First, it studies the nature of the fundamental differences between the two theories. Second, it raises the question of what, and how much, each of them took over from the other, and reaches the conclusion that it was Freud who let himself be inspired to a greater degree than Jung did. Third, the stimulating effect of their conflicts and of their break on the respective development of their theories is underlined.

  5. Comment on ''Fabrication methods for low-Pt-loading electrocatalysts in proton exchange membrane fuel cell systems'' [J.-H. Wee, K.-Y. Lee, S.H. Kim, J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 667-677

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gruber, D. [Department of Micro Systems Technology, Hamburg University of Technology, D-21071 Hamburg (Germany)

    2007-11-08

    Glow discharge sputter deposition of metals like Pt or other materials is around for decades. One of the many advantages of this process is - certain prerequisites given - the good adhesion of the sputtered layers due to the physical assisted deposition. Sputter deposition is attributed poor adherence by Wee et al. [Jung-Ho Wee, Kwan-Young Lee, Sung Hyun Kim, J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 667-677], which asks for some comments. (author)

  6. Insoo Kim Berg and Solution-Focused Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, John D.; Bubenzer, Donald L.; Smith, Jeffrey M.; Hamm, Terri L.

    1997-01-01

    Interview with Insoo Kim Berg, a leading theoretician in solution-based therapy. She is joined by Steve de Shazer, a colleague. They discuss the evolution of her work and its application to various populations. (MKA)

  7. Jung and the Soul of Education (at the "Crunch")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Susan

    2012-01-01

    C. G. Jung offers education a unique perspective of the dilemma of collective social demands versus individual needs. Indeed, so radical and profound is his vision of the learning psyche as collectively embedded, that it addresses the current crisis over the demand for utilitarian higher education. Hence post-Jungian educationalists can develop…

  8. Different Strokes for Different Folks: Jung's Typology and Structured Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haber, Russell Alan

    1980-01-01

    Examined and compared the evaluations of students differentiated by Carl Jung's psychotypology when they were involved in either a session of nonverbal communication experiences or a session of fantasy experiences. Some of the Jungian psychological types preferred different structured experiences. (Author)

  9. Jung's mediatory science as a psychology beyond objectivism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotsch, W E

    2000-04-01

    In this paper, the author argues that Jung's non-objectivist--yet scientific--epistemology and his empirical/hermeneatic methods of inquiry situate him within a psychological tradition that, in many respects, began with William James and, today, is finding expression in the work of many non-Jungian cognitive scientists. In an effort to encourage dialogue between Jungians and scholars within related intellectual traditions, the author presents evidence from the corpus of Jung's work that demonstrates that, like William James, Jung intentionally rejected the absolutist claims of objectivism and the opposite position on 'anything goes' relativism, emotivism, or subjectivism. Instead, Jung forged a path that led to the meta-psychological position similar to internal realism (Putnam 1981) or experientialism (Lakoff 1987) and to a theoretical psychology that gave a central place both to unconscious cognitive structure and to imagination. This he labelled a 'mediatory science'. The psychological theories developed within this mediatory science framework represent an early articulation of key constructs that are currently used by a number of cognitive scientists seeking to understand how we make sense of experience.

  10. GERMAN JUNG VON MATT ADVERTISING AGENCY%德国JUNG VON MATT广告公司

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    1991年,Holger Jung和Jean—Remy在德国汉堡成立了他们的广告代理所。今天,15年过去了,当初的代理所已发展成为控股公司,在讲德语国家拥有12个分支机构(8个广告公司,4个专卖店)和600名员工。2005年,其在汉堡、斯图加特、柏林、科隆、苏黎士、维也纳和斯德哥尔摩各地公司的营业总额达到3.99亿欧元,这就是Jung von Matt——德国第二大自主经营的本土广告公司。

  11. Jung on the nature and interpretation of dreams: a developmental delineation with cognitive neuroscientific responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Caifang

    2013-12-01

    Post-Jungians tend to identify Jung's dream theory with the concept of compensation; they tend to believe that Jung's radically open stand constitutes his dream theory in its entirety. However, Jung's theory regarding dreams was a product of an evolving process throughout his whole intellectual and professional life. Unfortunately, the theory has not been understood in such a developmental light. Based on a historical and textual study of all dream articles found throughout The Collected Works of C.G. Jung, this paper maps a concise three-phase trajectory of Jung's changing views on dreams and interpretation. The paper posits that Jung's last essay, "Symbols and the Interpretation of Dreams" (1961), epitomizes his final stand, although such a stand is also reflected in a less explicit and less emphatic way during the latter period of the second phase. The paper also briefly addresses where Jung and Jungians have been enigmatic or negligent. For example, it has not been explicated fully why compensation as slight modifications and compensation as parallels to waking life situations are rare in Jung's cases In addition, contemporary cognitive and neuroscientific approaches to the study of dreams, as represented by Harry Hunt, William Domhoff, and Allan Hobson, among others, are presented in connection with Jung. The juxtaposition of Jungian, cognitive, and neuroscientific approaches showcases how cognitive and scientific findings challenge, enrich, and in some ways confirm Jung's dream theory and praxis.

  12. Existential perspective in the thought of Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelburne, W A

    1983-03-01

    It is argued that there is a significant existential perspective in the thought of Carl Jung. Similarities and differences with some of the views of Jean Paul Sartre are explored as a way of developing this perspective and to show how a philosophy of a man might be developed drawing from both sources. Jung is shown to be in disagreement with Sartre in defending an idea of a determinate human nature, describing the self in a developmental way, and in not claiming that human freedom is absolute or unconditioned. Nevertheless, the Jungian concept of individuation is similar to Sartre's ideal of authenticity, in that both focus on the goal of achieving meaningful existence through development of inner resources, creative exercise of freedom, and overcoming self-deception.

  13. Tecnologia dos sonhos em Artemidoro, Freud, Jung e nos Warlpiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abrahão de Oliveira Santos

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Apresentaremos distintas tecnologias dos sonhos: em Artemidoro, Freud, Jung e nos Warlpiri. Artemidoro revela a mensagem onírica imprescindível à condução do cidadão, com os elementos das instituições, da cidade, do cosmo. Com Freud, no moderno mundo europeu, o sonho recebe o sentido da interioridade. Outra leitura é de Carl Jung. O uso dos sonhos tem seu sentido histórico, se relacionando com as práticas de governo, os modos de condução da vida e da cidade. Para além das tradições eurodescendentes e mentalistas vigentes, apresentaremos a tecnologia coletiva dos sonhos dos Warlpiri e uma nova possibilidade de lidarmos com a experiência onírica.

  14. From Moscovici to Jung: the feminine archetype and its iconography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Saiz Galdós

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Our representations of women have their origins in the myths of the past. According to Jung, myths are the symbolic expression of the collective unconscious that expresses itself through archetypes. Archetypes are thus images that pass across generations: instruments of collective thought. The main archetypes we deal with in this article are the Mother and the Anima, or men´s feminine principle. Using Jung's concept of archetype to analyse women´s iconographic representations allows us to combine the notion of the collective unconscious with that of social representations. Whereas Moscovici´s theory of social representations offers us the possibility of analysing beliefs about women through history, Jung’s perspective reveals us the possibility of analysing the myths constructed around women as part of the archetypes people use to give sense to reality.

  15. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psychologist and swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung: it defines the concept of Analytical Psychology, brings a summarized biography of Carl Gustav Jung, indicates the main differences between Analytical Psychology and the Psychoanalysis, describes the structure and the functioning of psyche and, finally, presents synthetically the characteristics of the types of personalities traced by Jung.

  16. Jung Işığında Heba Heba In The Light Of Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra SAZYEK

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Hasan Ali Toptaş, is one of the important authors of Turkishliterature, in his novel called Heba discusses inward looking personalityof Ziya, who lives in the same childish purity during his life consistingof all periods of childhood, military service, marriage and death. Due tothis property, he lives world of dreams and fantasies rather than reeltime. 16 years after he lost his wife and unborn son as casualties inbomb attack, Yazıköy where he breaks away from the crowd of the cityand settle in here, feeds his this side. Thus, the hours passing in thenature, turn into a worship. However, whole peace of Ziya, who hasfound what he seeks in Yazıköy, ends by killing of Kenan. This periodwhen everything has became complicated, is followed by killing of himas being lynched because of the gossips about him.When you reread the novel focusing on a wasted life, of whichtragic events are finished by death in the light of Jungian psychology, itturns into a story of award to reach immortality obtained after thesorrows felt.Experiences of Ziya in Yazıköy resembling Heaven until he isdismissed, realize on the cusp of a magical environment is surroundedby dreams and fantasies. Appearance of unconscious plane by means ofsymbolical contents in dreams indicates that Yazıköy representsunconscious world beyond being a geographic and travelling from thecity to natural follows a way from conscious towards unconscious.Exploring of Ziya moving in unknown darkness of unconsciousthe inner treasure in the deepest, requires passing the each phase fromsurface towards center with a different figure of unconscious named as"archetype" by Jung.In this study, dimensions of period in question will be discussedin terms of Jungian psychology; trails of his thoughts will be examinedin detail by its aspects are reflected on contextual dimension of thenovel. Türk edebiyatının önemli yazarlarından olan Hasan Ali Toptaş, Heba adlı romanında çocukluk, askerlik, evlilik

  17. Coenite seiklused ja Kim Ki-duki huumor / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2007-01-01

    60-nda Cannes'i filmifestivali filme : Ethan ja Joel Coen'i "Pole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men" ; Ameerika Ühendriigid), Kim Ki-duki "Hingetõmme" ("Soom"/"Breath" ; Lõuna-Korea) ja Raphael Nadjari "Tehilim" (Prantsusmaa - Iisrael - Ameerika Ühendriigid)

  18. Prikljutshenija Koenov i jumor Kim Ki-duka / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2007-01-01

    60-nda Cannes'i filmifestivali filme : Ethan ja Joel Coen'i "Pole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men" ; Ameerika Ühendriigid), Kim Ki-duki "Hingetõmme" ("Soom"/"Breath" ; Lõuna-Korea) ja Raphael Nadjari "Tehilim" (Prantsusmaa - Iisrael - Ameerika Ühendriigid)

  19. Coenite seiklused ja Kim Ki-duki huumor / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2007-01-01

    60-nda Cannes'i filmifestivali filme : Ethan ja Joel Coen'i "Pole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men" ; Ameerika Ühendriigid), Kim Ki-duki "Hingetõmme" ("Soom"/"Breath" ; Lõuna-Korea) ja Raphael Nadjari "Tehilim" (Prantsusmaa - Iisrael - Ameerika Ühendriigid)

  20. Prikljutshenija Koenov i jumor Kim Ki-duka / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2007-01-01

    60-nda Cannes'i filmifestivali filme : Ethan ja Joel Coen'i "Pole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men" ; Ameerika Ühendriigid), Kim Ki-duki "Hingetõmme" ("Soom"/"Breath" ; Lõuna-Korea) ja Raphael Nadjari "Tehilim" (Prantsusmaa - Iisrael - Ameerika Ühendriigid)

  1. Analytical psychology and the ghost of Lamarck: did Jung believe in the inheritance of acquired characteristics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rensma, Ritske

    2013-04-01

    Whether Jung was a Lamarckian or not has always been a hotly debated topic, both within the post-Jungian community and amongst scholars with an interest in Jung in the wider academic community. Yet surprisingly few substantial pieces of work have been dedicated to it and, to my mind, no one has yet managed to do justice to all the subtleties involved. The scholars who have claimed that Jung is a Lamarckian have, for the most part, oversimplified the debate by failing to discuss the passages in which Jung appears to be defending himself against Lamarckism; the scholars who have defended Jung against Lamarckism, however, have as a rule not adequately dealt with the question of whether these passages actually get Jung off the hook. This paper will attempt to correct this imbalance by putting forward four key passages spanning Jung's career that all represent conclusive evidence that Jung was indeed a Lamarckian. After discussing these, it will then deal in detail with the passages in which Jung appears to be defending himself against Lamarckism, making the case that they do not represent a defence against Lamarckism at all and have therefore generally been misinterpreted by many scholars.

  2. Tender love and transference: unpublished letters of C. G. Jung and Sabina Spielrein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lothane, Z

    1999-12-01

    The author dissents from the widely accepted interpretation that the relationship between Sabina Spielrein and Carl Jung in the years 1904-1910 included sexual intercourse and constituted an ethical breach of the doctor-patient boundary in the course of a treatment. Spielrein declared that her treatment ended with her discharge from the Burghölzli hospital as Jung's patient in 1904-1905. Jung maintained he 'prolonged the relationship' in order to prevent a relapse and also referred to it as a friendship. Materials published in 1994 (letters, drafts, diaries, hospital chart) and unpublished letters recently found by the author in the Claparède archive in Geneva shed new light on previously published documents and interpretations by Carotenuto that have dominated the secondary literature since 1980. The new materials provide a more nuanced view of the Spielrein-Jung relationship and point to the function of non-erotic love in the therapeutic relationship. A new look at the Freud-Jung correspondence about the Spielrein-Jung relationship shows that Jung's perception that a sex scandal was initiated by Spielrein resulted from Jung's misreading of rumors concerning another woman; the episode had no ill effect on the relationship between Freud and Jung.

  3. Requiem for analytical psychology: a reflection on Jung's (anti)catastrophic psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreto, Marco Heleno

    2014-02-01

    This article is an interpretation of analytical psychology in the light of the catastrophic vision and dreams that Jung had in 1913 and 1914. It is shown how the guiding spirit of Jung's psychological project is to be found in that psychic material. Then it is proposed that the completion of the symbolic catastrophe displayed in Jung's last vision (1961) points to the end of the psychological foundations upon which analytical psychology is built, and thus to its cultural obsolescence, extensive to any psychology grounded in Jung's notion of 'soul'.

  4. Semantic Annotation Framework For Intelligent Information Retrieval Using KIM Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kumar Malik

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Due to the explosion of information/knowledge on the web and wide use of search engines for desiredinformation,the role of knowledge management(KM is becoming more significant in an organization.Knowledge Management in an Organization is used to create ,capture, store, share, retrieve and manageinformation efficiently. The semantic web, an intelligent and meaningful web, tend to provide a promisingplatform for knowledge management systems and vice versa, since they have the potential to give eachother the real substance for machine-understandable web resources which in turn will lead to anintelligent, meaningful and efficient information retrieval on web. Today,the challenge for web communityis to integrate the distributed heterogeneous resources on web with an objective of an intelligent webenvironment focusing on data semantics and user requirements. Semantic Annotation(SA is being widelyused which is about assigning to the entities in the text and links to their semantic descriptions. Varioustools like KIM, Amaya etc may be used for semantic Annotation.In this paper, we introduce semantic annotation as one of the key technology in an intelligent webenvironment , then revisit and review, discuss and explore about Knowledge Management and SemanticAnnotation. A Knowledge Management Framework and a Framework for Semantic Annotation andSemantic Search with Knowledge Base(GATE and Ontology have been presented. Then KIM Annotationplatform architecture including KIM Ontology(KIMO, KIM Knowledge Base and KIM front ends havebeen highlighted. Finally, intelligent pattern search and concerned GATE framework with a KIMAnnotation Example have been illiustrated towards an intelligent information retrieval

  5. Status of the KIMS-NaI experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Kyungwon

    2015-01-01

    KIMS-NaI is a direct detection experiment searching for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMP) via their scattering off of nuclei in a NaI(Tl) crystal. The KIMS-NaI collaboration has carried out tests of six crystals in the Yangyang underground laboratory in order to develope low-background NaI(Tl) crystals. Studies of internal backgrounds crystals have been performed with the goal of reducing backgrounds levels to 1 dru at 2 keV. Pulse shape discrimination (PSD) capabilities were also investigated for distinguishing between WIMP nuclear recoil signals and electron recoil backgrounds. The PSD analysis was applied to underground data with one low background NaI(Tl) detector and the evaluation of WIMP mass limit is ongoing.

  6. Joseph Campbell, Jung, Anne Tyler, and "The Cards": The Spiritual Journey in "Searching for Caleb."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Karen M.

    Joseph Campbell, Carl Jung, and Anne Tyler have all dealt with spiritual journeys and card reading in their writings. In his book "Tarot Revelations," Joseph Campbell discusses his first association with tarot cards, dating from 1943, when he was introduced to the symoblism of playing cards by his friend and mentor, Heinrich Zimmer. Carl Jung was…

  7. C.G. Jung come precursore di una filosofia per l'anima

    OpenAIRE

    Madera, R.

    2007-01-01

    In una delle accezioni di filosofia per Jung è contenuta una idea della filosofia come modo di vivere: questa intuizione fa di Jung un precursore della riscoperta della filosofia come stile di vita e, insieme, trasforma la psicologia analitica in un primo passo per la riapertura di una via sapienziale propria dell'Occidente

  8. Verification of tropical cyclone using the KIAPS Integration Model (KIM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, S.; Seol, K. H.

    2015-12-01

    The Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems (KIAPS) is a government funded non-profit research and development institute located in Seoul, South Korea. KIAPS is developing the Global Model, a backbone for the next-generation operational global numerical weather prediction (NWP) system with three-phase plans; Establishment and R&D Planning (2011-2013), Test Model Development (2014-2016), and Operational Model Development (2017-2019). As a second-phase, we have beta version of KIAPS Integration Model (KIM) that can produce reasonable global forecasting. Using the KIM model, we are evaluating the tropical cyclone forecast in the global model. To objectively provide a best estimate of the storm's central position, we use the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) vortex tracker, widely used in tracker algorithms. It gives the track and intensity of the storm throughout the duration of the forecast based on its algorithm. As a verification tool, we use the Model Evaluation Tool - Tropical Cyclone (MET-TC), which produces statistical evaluation. We expect these results give the statue of ability for the tropical cyclone forecast with KIM model.

  9. Perspektif Kim Knott tentang Insider-Outsider dalam Studi Agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujiat Zubaidi Saleh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary discourse of religious studies indicates many fields of study in understanding religion. Religious spectrum not only relates with credo, faith, worldview, theology and etcetera but expanding in various aspect (cultural and historical side. The cultural and historical aspects in a certain point give some problems in academic field. Kim Knott based on those matters tries to give a new shot in analyzing religion based on the issued aspects. Looking at how complicated is it Kim Knott maps it into two religious approaches. First is the hardship situation to make such a clear gap between religious and not-religious territory and second is the complicated problem in relation with religion as tradition and religion as faith. This article elucidates a viewpoint of Kim Knott as a “new outline” on religious studies. Knott attempts to eliminate the subjective intentions by using two basic perspectives of methodology: insider and outsider. He has classified the concept of inter-connection between social and religious role into four elements: pure participant, researcher as participant, participant as researcher and pure researcher. However, this concept remains an important problem concerning to standard of objectivity. Knott’s approach tries to place researcher on the margin of appreciation as a border line between insider-outsider.

  10. On defining words, some scenarios and vectors in the 'autobiography' of C. G. Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaillard, Christian

    2003-11-01

    Having first considered recent research into the circumstances surrounding the production and publication of the 'autobiography' of Jung, the author concludes that in spite of its being the work of several authors, it nevertheless constitutes a whole. Taken from whichever angle, they all point to Jung's particular inquiry into the unconscious, as it emerges through Jung's own words. The author goes on to suggest both a lateral and a structural reading of MDR (Memories, Dreams, Reflections) which in turn reveals, on the basis of the several dreams reported, the central 'fantasy' which inspired Jung's research and his oeuvre. Finally, he discusses the idea of the collective or impersonal unconscious and highlights the emphasis Jung places on processes which unfold according to rhythms which are associated with distinct scales, depending on whether they are those of the individual, the clan or the culture.

  11. O conceito de religiosidade em C. G. Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier, Marlon

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura descrever o conceito de religiosidade na psicologia junguiana, conectando-o aos conceitos que embasam e se relacionam com sua especificidade, contextualizando-o de forma breve no panorama científico atual e relacionando-o à prática psicoterapêutica. Para tanto, utiliza as obras de Jung e de autores relacionados com a temática abordada. O estudo suscitou questionamentos em relação à importância dada à consideração e ao estudo do fator religiosidade em psicologia e na prática clínica. Conclui-se que a religiosidade é fator de suma importância no entendimento do humano e conseqüêntemente na prática clínica, sendo que a teoria de Jung fornece elementos que possibilitam um estudo e uma compreensão em profundidade desse fator

  12. Anmeldelse af Kim Wind Andersen: Overblik over selskabers underskudsfremførsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen anmelder Kim Wind Andersen: Overblik over selskabers underskudsfremførsel (Thomson Reuters Professional, 2010)......Artiklen anmelder Kim Wind Andersen: Overblik over selskabers underskudsfremførsel (Thomson Reuters Professional, 2010)...

  13. Chang Sei Kim's Activities on Public Health in Colonial Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Yunjae

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available After graduating from Severance Medical College in 1916, Chang Sei Kim went to Shanghai to work as a missionary in a adventist hospital. The establishment of the Korean Provisional Government led him to participate in the independence movement. Educating nurses to assist the forthcoming war for independence, he seemed to realize the fact that the health of Koreans would be a key factor for achieving independence. He left for the U.S. to conduct comprehensive research on medicine. Chang Sei Kim was the first Korean to receive a Ph. D. degree of Public Health, graduating from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1925. He then gained an opportunity to work for Korea as a professor at Severance Medical College. His objective was the 'Reconstruction of the Korean People In Terms of Physical Constitution.' He pointed out that Koreans' weak state of health was a major reason for Korea's colonization. To gain independence, he emphasized that the Korean people should receive education on public health in order to improve the primitive conditions of sanitation. There is little doubt that Chang Sei Kim's ideas developed Heungsadan's views on medicine in terms of its stress on cultivation of ability, especially considering the fact that he was a member of the organization. As a member of the colonized who could not participate in the developing official policy, Chang Sei Kim was not able to implement his ideas fully, because an individual or a private organization could not carry out policy on public health as large a scale as the government did. Never giving up his hopes for Korean independence, he rejected requests to assume official posts in the Government-General. That was why he was particularly interested in the Self-Governing Movement in 1920s Korea. If the movement had attained its goal, he might have worked for the enhancement of sanitary environment as a director of Sanitary Department. His application for funding to establish

  14. Tubular kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) in human renal disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Timmeren, M. M.; van den Heuvel, M. C.; Bailly, V.; Bakker, S. J. L.; van Goor, H.; Stegeman, C. A.

    2007-01-01

    KIM-1, a transmembrane tubular protein with unknown function, is undetectable in normal kidneys, but is markedly induced in experimental renal injury. The KIM-1 ectodomain is cleaved, detectable in urine, and reflects renal damage. KIM-1 expression in human renal biopsies and its correlation with ur

  15. Kim C. Sturgess. Shakespeare and the American Nation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean‑Louis Claret

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The front page of Kim C Sturgess’s recent book entitled Shakespeare and the American Nation is particularly mind‑teasing insofar as it represents the famous Droeshout engraving of the bard (it illustrated the front‑page of the 1623 edition of Shakespeare’s works standing out against a background that superimposes the head of the Statue of Liberty on the spangled banner. The starting point of Sturgess’s 234‑page demonstration endorsed by Cambridge University Press is a paradox that the Britis...

  16. FREUD, JUNG AND BOAS: THE PSYCHOANALYTIC ENGAGEMENT WITH ANTHROPOLOGY REVISITED.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Robert

    2015-06-20

    Sigmund Freud's and C. G. Jung's turn to evolutionist anthropological material after 1909 is usually seen as a logical progression of their long-term interest in such material. It is also seen that they used this material ignorant of the significant challenges to the evolutionist paradigm underpinning such material, in particular the challenges led by Franz Boas. This paper argues otherwise: that both psychologists' turnings to such material was a new development, that neither had shown great interest in such material before 1909, and that their turnings to such material, far from being taken in ignorance of the challenges to evolutionist anthropology, were engagements with those challenges, because the evolutionist paradigm lay at the base of psychoanalysis. It argues that it is no coincidence that this engagement occurred after their return from America in 1909, where they had come into first-hand contact with the challenges of Franz Boas.

  17. Freud, Jung and Boas: the psychoanalytic engagement with anthropology revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Sigmund Freud's and C. G. Jung's turn to evolutionist anthropological material after 1909 is usually seen as a logical progression of their long-term interest in such material. It is also seen that they used this material ignorant of the significant challenges to the evolutionist paradigm underpinning such material, in particular the challenges led by Franz Boas. This paper argues otherwise: that both psychologists' turnings to such material was a new development, that neither had shown great interest in such material before 1909, and that their turnings to such material, far from being taken in ignorance of the challenges to evolutionist anthropology, were engagements with those challenges, because the evolutionist paradigm lay at the base of psychoanalysis. It argues that it is no coincidence that this engagement occurred after their return from America in 1909, where they had come into first-hand contact with the challenges of Franz Boas. PMID:26665301

  18. 'S.W.' and C.G. Jung: mediumship, psychiatry and serial exemplarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamdasani, Sonu

    2015-09-01

    On the basis of unpublished materials, this essay reconstructs Jung's seances with his cousin, Helene Preiswerk, which formed the basis of his 1902 medical dissertation, The Psychology and Pathology of so-called Occult Phenomena. It separates out Jung's contemporaneous approach to the mediumistic phenomena she exhibited from his subsequent sceptical psychological reworking of the case. It traces the reception of the work and its significance for his own self-experimentation from 1913 onwards. Finally, it reconstructs the manner in which Jung continually returned to his first model and reframed it as an exemplar of his developing theories.

  19. Atom and archetype the Pauli/Jung letters, 1932-1958

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    Wolfgang Pauli, world-renowned physicist, turned to Carl Jung for help, setting a standing appointment for Mondays at noon. Thus bloomed an extraordinary intellectual conjunction. Eighty letters, written over twenty-six years, record that friendship, and are published here in English for the first time.Through the association of these two pioneering thinkers, developments in physics profoundly influenced the evolution of Jungian psychology. And many of Jung's abiding themes shaped how Pauli - and, through him, other physicists - understood the physical world. Atom and Archetype will appeal not only to those interested in the life of Pauli or Jung, but also to the educated general reader.

  20. Apontamentos sobre a psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2002-01-01

    O texto faz uma introdução à Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung: define o conceito de Psicologia Analítica, traz uma biografia resumida de Carl Gustav Jung, indica as principais diferenças entre a Psicologia Analítica e a Psicanálise, descreve a estrutura e o funcionamento da psique e, por fim, apresenta sinteticamente as características dos tipos de personalidades traçadas por Jung. The text makes an introduction to the Analytical Psychology of the psycholo...

  1. [Carl Gustav Jung's Theatrum Mundi. Can the description of modern alchemy in Jung's Psychologie und Alchemie be really regarded as a historical reconstruction?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Płonka-Syroka, B

    2000-01-01

    In his work, Psychologie und Alchemie, published in 1944, Jung wanted to present a reconstruction of alchemy. In order to do this he used a method of psychology, which he modified and enriched with inspirations drawn from neo-romantically-oriented German medical historiographies of the nineteen thirties. Using historical materials, he intended to demonstrate the empirical character of his Depth Psychology, a widespread concept, ingrained in our supra-personal social unconscious. The present article questions the nature of Jung's reconstruction of alchemy as historical reconstruction. The author presents the methodological bases referred to by Jung derived from his concept of medical practice and compares them with a manner of thinking typical of contemporary historical analysis. The article also presents Jung's inspirations from the medical historiography of his time, as well as the dissimilarity of his concept with the model of historical narrative construction in force in the historiography of the thirties and forties. At the same time, it presents the elements of the "romantic inheritance" in Jung's thought, drawn from the tradition of German non-materialistic medicine of the first half of the nineteenth century.

  2. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1917 Rudolf Otto published the book The Sacred and proposing the recognition of the irrational aspect as the foundation and maintainer of religious expression by means of analogies and antonyms that the called the numinous. Later, at a conference in1937, Carl Gustav Jung uses the term numinous to clarify what he meant by religion, recognizing this as an observation on what grabs consciousness, thus extending the idea of the numinous to practice and clinical studies. Victor White, Jung's main collaborator in the field of theology, weaves a critical to Otto and Jung's position front to the understanding of religious phenomena, stating that it presents a unilateralism in recognition that only their irrational sphere supports religion. This article aims to lead to a theoretical discussion as to White's reflections on the idea of numinous, in contrast to the positions of Otto and Jung.

  3. Verification of C. G. Jung's analysis of Rowland Hazard and the history of Alcoholics Anonymous.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bluhm, Amy Colwell

    2006-11-01

    Extant historical scholarship in the Jungian literature and the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) literature does not provide a complete picture of the treatment of Rowland Hazard by C. G. Jung, an analysis that AA co-founder Bill Wilson claimed was integral to the foundation of AA in theory and practice. Wilson's original report resulted in archivists and historians incorrectly calibrating their searches to the wrong date. The current work definitively solves the mystery of the timing of Hazard's treatment with Jung by placing his preliminary analysis with Jung in the year 1926, rather than 1930 or 1931. Previously unexamined correspondence originating from Jung, Hazard, his cousin Leonard Bacon, his uncle Irving Fisher, and his aunt Margaret Hazard Fisher is supplemented by relevant primary and secondary source material.

  4. Sexualidad violenta en el cine de Kim Ki-duk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Muñoz Ruiz

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available En sus más de 110 años de vida el cine ha representado la sexualidad humana en todas sus modalidades y desde los más variados puntos de vista. El cine de Kim Ki-duk ha sorprendido y escandalizado al público por su crudeza y, a veces, excesiva violencia. El director surcoreano ha explorado a lo largo de su filmografía el tema del sexo siempre desde puntos de vista dramáticos y hasta truculentos. En sus películas la mayoría de las relaciones sexuales carecen de amor y afecto. Nunca son placenteras. La violación, la prostitución, la violencia de género y las frustraciones sexuales son temas recurrentes en su cine.

  5. Global Policing and the Case of Kim Dotcom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darren Palmer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In early 2012, 76 heavily armed police conducted a raid on a house in Auckland, New Zealand. The targets were Kim Dotcom, a German national with a NZ residency visa, and several colleagues affiliated with Megaupload, an online subscription-based peer-to-peer (P2P file sharing facility. The alleged offences involved facilitating unlawful file sharing and United States federal criminal copyright violations. Following the raid, several court cases provide valuable insights into emerging ‘global policing’ practices (Bowling and Sheptycki 2012 based on communications between sovereign enforcement agencies.  This article uses these cases to explore the growth of ‘extraterritorial’ police powers that operate ‘across borders’ (Nadelmann 1993 as part of several broader transformations of global policing in the digital age.

  6. Prediction of Potential Distribution of Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang; Junzhong; Liu; Jianhong; Yang; Liying; Dan; Wenli

    2014-01-01

    Based on Maxent niche model and combined with ArcGIS,the suitable area range for Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim in China was predicted in the paper.The results showed that high suitable area for Q. erythrinae in China included most northeast coastal areas of Hainan Island,partial southern coastal area of Guangdong Province,partial northwestern coastal area and partial southeast coastal area of Taiwan Island; moderate suitable area included partial area of Hainan,some contiguous areas of Guangxi and Guangdong,most areas of Guangdong,partial area of Fujian and Taiwan; low suitable area included partial area from northwestern coast to inland of Hainan Island,west coastal area of Taiwan Island,most area in Guangxi,partial areas in Guangdong,Fujian and Yunnan.

  7. Izvori o riječkim povijesnim novinama 1813. - 1918.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lea Lazzarich

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Nedostatak cjelovitog pregleda riječkih povijesnih novina u razdoblju od početaka novinskog tiska u Rijeci 1813. do 1918. godine prouzročio je brojne probleme u istraživanju riječke povijesti, i to kako pojedinih događaja tako i općih okolnosti. Takvo je stanje rezultiralo potrebom komparativnog analiziranja raspoloživih izvora o riječkim povijesnim novinama i, slijedom toga, izrade sustavnog pregleda svih objavljenih naslova u navedenom razdoblju. Tijekom stvaranja takvog pregleda izvori (pod tim se pojmom ovdje podrazumijevaju radovi, ponajprije bibliografije, koji se bave riječkim povijesnim novinama su sustavno i komparativno analizirani te su provjereni podaci o svakom naslovu, ali i sami naslovi koji nisu transparentno navedeni u svim izvorima, s ciljem stvaranja popisa novina prema definiciji i obilježjima. Time je osigurana platforma za daljnji rad i riješen barem dio nedoumica u istraživanju riječkih povijesnih novina. Doprinos istraživanja su novi, dopunjeni i često izmijenjeni podaci o naslovu, impresumu ili periodičnosti pojedinih novina (uz napomenu da se periodičnost nerijetko mijenjala tijekom godina, koji su od ključne važnosti kako u knjižničarskom tako i u povijesnoistraživačkom smislu. Ne prejudicira se da je istraživanje konačno i zatvoreno, već se naglašava nužnost daljnjeg propitivanja podataka o pojedinim povijesnim novinama, uzimajući pritom u obzir činjenicu da je posljednje sustavno istraživanje provođeno prije pedesetak godina.

  8. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, whose work has been presenting significant contributions for Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  9. A collective unconscious reconsidered: Jung's archetypal imagination in the light of contemporary psychology and social science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Harry T

    2012-02-01

    A needed rapprochement between Jung and the contemporary human sciences may rest less on the much debated relevance of a biologistic collective unconscious than on a re-inscribing of an archetypal imagination, as the phenomenological and empirical core of Jungian psychology. The most promising approaches in this regard in terms of theory and research in psychology come from combining the cognitive psychology of metaphor and synaesthesia, individual differences in imaginative absorption and openness to numinous experience and spirituality as a form of symbolic intelligence. On the socio-cultural side, this cognitive psychology of archetypal imagination is also congruent with Lévi-Strauss on the metaphoric roots of mythological thinking, and Durkheim on a sociology of collective consciousness. This conjoined perspective, while validating the cross cultural commonality of physical metaphor intuited by Jung and Hillman on alchemy, also shows Jung's Red Book, considered as the expressive source for his more formal psychology, to be far closer in spirit to a socio-cultural collective consciousness, based on metaphoric imagination, than to a phylogenetic or evolutionary unconscious. A mutual re-inscribing of Jung into congruent areas of contemporary psychology, anthropology, sociology, and vice versa, can help to further validate Jung's key observations and is fully consistent with Jung's own early efforts at synthesis within the human sciences. © 2012, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  10. Beyond synchronicity: the worldview of Carl Gustav Jung and Wolfgang Pauli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donati, Marialuisa

    2004-11-01

    While exploring the phenomena of synchronicity, Carl Gustav Jung became acquainted with the quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli and eventually began a collaboration with him. During that collaboration Jung's study of synchronistic phenomena underwent a considerable change; prior to the collaboration, Jung had stressed mainly the phenomenological and empirical features of synchronistic phenomena, while in association with Pauli, he focused his attention upon their ontological, archetypal character. Pauli, on the other hand, became increasingly sensitive to the philosophical aspects concerning the unconscious. Jung and Pauli's common reflections went far beyond psychology and physics, entering into the realm where the two areas meet in the philosophy of nature. In fact, as a consequence of their collaboration, synchronicity was transformed from an empirical concept into a fundamental explanatory-interpretative principle, which together with causality could possibly lead to a more complete worldview. Exploring the problematic character of the synchronicity concept has a heuristic value because it leads to the reconsideration of the philosophical issues that drove Jung and Pauli to clear up the conceptual background of their thoughts. Within the philosophical worldview arising from Jung and Pauli's discussions about synchronicity, there are many symbolic aspects that go against mainstream science and that represent a sort of criticism to some of the commonly held views of present day science.

  11. Se Faire Voir with Jung and the Ethics of Psychoanalysis

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    Matthew Gildersleeve

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is an important addition to my previous work of integrating Jungian and Lacanian psychoanalysis (see Complexes Tickling the $ubject. A main focus of this article is to use Zizek’s interpretation of Lacan’s writing on desire and drive in relation to my Heideggerian interpretation of Jung. As a result, this article is an important contribution to the literature because it shows the importance of the transcendent function; complexes and the Rosarium Philosophorum to elucidate the ethics of desire and drive. This article shows how Heidegger’s work in Being and Time and his interpretation of Nietzsche is important to detail the process of Lacanian psychoanalysis. Nietzsche’s books; Human All Too Human and The Gay Science will also be discussed as well as Sartre’s Being and Nothingness and Zizek’s writing on the cunning of reason; Kantian ethics; beyond the pleasure principle; Kierkegaard; Sisyphus; anxiety; Hitchcock; Gelassenheit; the Gospel of Matthew and error as a fundamental passage to truth.

  12. Muusikamaailm : "Represseeritud muusika" Moskvas. György Kurtagi festival Londonis. Junge Deutshe Philarmonie kevad. Herbert Wernicke lahkunud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Moskvas toimuvast festivalist "Represseeritud muusika". Londonis toimuvast György Kurtagi festivalist. Saksa orkestri Junge Deutshe Philarmonie kevadesinemistest. Suri saksa ooperilavastaja Herbert Wernicke

  13. Muusikamaailm : "Represseeritud muusika" Moskvas. György Kurtagi festival Londonis. Junge Deutshe Philarmonie kevad. Herbert Wernicke lahkunud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Moskvas toimuvast festivalist "Represseeritud muusika". Londonis toimuvast György Kurtagi festivalist. Saksa orkestri Junge Deutshe Philarmonie kevadesinemistest. Suri saksa ooperilavastaja Herbert Wernicke

  14. Triniti daripada Perspektif Taoisme: Analisis Pemikiran Jung Young Lee

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    ZURAIZA HUSIN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Jung Young Lee is a Korean-born theologian who employs creatively the doctrine of the Trinity from an Asian worldview. This article aims to analyze Lee’s approaches of the Trinity with the Yin-Yang symbolism. The main reference is based on the book written by him entitled ‘The Trinity in Asian Perspective (1996’. Lee has turned his attention to the topic of Trinity through the lens of the culture and thought patterns of his own milieu. One of the leading point in presenting Yin-Yang principle as Trinitarian thinking, Lee examines the interpretation of the term “in” in the Bible, "Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father is in me" (John 14:11. The statement leads to the point that Yin and Yang cannot exist without each other because relationality is given priority than individuality. The idea is based on the terminology of ‘both/and’. So, ‘and’ indicates a Trinitarian statement, there is interdependence and unification. With reference to Trinity, the Father and the Son are One because of ‘and’. In addition, the same concept implements to the Holy Spirit. Lee views ‘and’ is not only a linking principle in both-and thinking but also the principle that is ‘between’ two. When ‘two’ exists, the third also exist between them. Based on the idea of ‘middle’, represents the connecting element between two, which contributes for the existence of the Third. Accordingly, the Spirit is the third element in the Trinity relationship.

  15. Ordem e subversão no movimento psicanalítico: o fantasma de Jung

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    Michel Plon

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O autor procura destacar a presença de Jung na correspondência de Freud com os principais discípulos, no contexto histórico da constituição do movimento psicanalítico e no desdobramento mais importante do mesmo. Vale dizer, a figura de Jung como fantasma no discurso psicanalítico se articula com uma série de problemáticas não apenas teóricas, mas também políticas e institucionais, de maneira que as ressonâncias atuais desta polêmica continuam ainda presentes na psicanálise contemporânea.Jung's ghost. The author tries to highlight Jung's presence in the mail exchange with his main disciples, in the historic context of the constitution of the psychoanalytic movement and in its most important unfolding. It should be said that the figure of Jung as a ghost in the psychoanalytic discourse is articulated with a number of problems that are not only theoretical, but also political and institutional, so that the current repercussions of that polemic remain.

  16. Jung's evolving views of Nazi Germany: from 1936 to the end of World War II.

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    Schoenl, William

    2014-04-01

    This article first shows Jung's evolving views of Nazi Germany from 1936 to the beginning of World War II. In a lecture at the Tavistock Clinic, London, in October 1936, he made his strongest and most negative statements to that date about Nazi Germany. While in Berlin in September 1937 for lectures to the Jung Gesellschaft, his observations of Hitler at a military parade led him to conclude that should the catastrophe of war come it would be far more and bloodier than he had previously supposed. After the Sudetenland Crisis in Fall 1938, Jung in interviews made stronger comments on Hitler and Nazi Germany. The article shows how strongly anti-Nazi Jung's views were in relation to events during World War II such as Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland, the fall of France, the bombings of Britain, the U.S. entry into the War, and Allied troops advancing into Germany. Schoenl and Peck, 'An Answer to the Question: Was Jung, for a Time, a "Nazi Sympathizer" or Not?' (2012) demonstrated how his views of Nazi Germany changed from 1933 to March 1936. The present article shows how his views evolved from 1936 to the War's end in 1945.

  17. Some reflections on the influence of Chinese thought on Jung and his psychological theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Murray

    2005-04-01

    Jung claimed that Richard Wilhelm, whose masterful translations of Chinese wisdom literature into a European language (German) and thence into Western consciousness have brought Chinese modes of thinking to so many, was one of the most important influences on his own life and work. The contacts between the two men, which took place from the early 1920's until Wilhelm's death in 1930, were few but intense and for Jung decisive in several ways. Wilhelm's translations of the I Ching and The Secret of the Golden Flower opened new avenues for Jung that had far-reaching consequences on his research and writing after 1930. The latter opened the door to the study of alchemy as a key to the archetypal process of individuation as rooted in the collective unconscious. 'Synchronicity' is a term that grew out of his contact with Chinese thought, in particular with the I Ching. From his contact with Chinese thought, additionally, he received confirmation of the view, independently arrived at, that adult psychological development is not linear but rather circular and spiral-like. The letters between Jung and Wilhelm illuminate the great importance Jung ascribed to Wilhelm's contribution toward bridging East and West and the potential value of Chinese philosophy for psychotherapy.

  18. The place of the 17th century in Jung's encounter with China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambray, Joe

    2005-04-01

    After recounting several dreams and related alchemical interests of Jung's tied to the 17(th) century, a contextualizing look at select scientific and philosophical developments of that century is presented. Several precursors of the contemporary debates on the mind/body relation are noted, with special reference to the work of Antonio Damasio. This in turn leads to a reconsideration of the work of the 17(th) century polymath Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, which Jung read as a major precursor to his formulation of synchronicity (via Leibniz's concept of 'pre-established harmony'). Leibniz was the first philosopher to articulate the mind/body relationship in terms of supervenience, sharing an accord with those contemporary philosophers and scientists who see the mind as being an emergent property of the body-brain. Similarly, these ideas are also consistent with a reformulation of synchronicity in terms of emergence. Tracing Leibniz's interest in China reveals another set of links to Jung and to emergentism. Jung's use of Taoist concepts in developing the synchronicity principle is well known. According to scholars, Leibniz was the first major Western intellect to study the I-Ching, through the assistance of a Jesuit missionary in Beijing, Fr. Joachim Bouvet. Some details of the Leibniz-Bouvet correspondence are discussed here. Despite Helmut Wilhelm's presenting aspects of this correspondence at an Eranos conference, Jung does not appear to have integrated it into his writing on synchronicity--a possible reason for this omission is suggested.

  19. Standing in the gap: ref lections on translating the Jung-Neumann correspondence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Heather

    2016-04-01

    This paper considers the experience of translating the correspondence between C.G. Jung and Erich Neumann as part of the Philemon series. The translator explores the similarities between analytical work and the task of translation by means of the concepts of the dialectical third and the interactional field. The history and politics of the translation of analytic writing and their consequences for the lingua franca of analysis are discussed. Key themes within the correspondence are outlined, including Jung and Neumann's pre-war exploration of Judaism and the unconscious, the post-war difficulties around the publication of Neumann's Depth Psychology and a New Ethic set against the early years of the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich, and the development of the correspondents' relationship over time.

  20. Coincidence, historical repetition, and self-knowledge: Jung, Vico, and Joyce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verene, Donald Phillip

    2002-07-01

    Jung develops synchronicity as an a causal principle of connection by recounting various examples of meaningful coincidence from experience and by analysing various systems of divination, notably the I Ching. Philosophical theory of causality has given no significant attention to synchronicity; the events of synchronicity are regarded as chance. The Neapolitan philosopher Giambattista Vico (1668-1744) developed a doctrine of historical experience and of self-knowledge that grounds the phenomenon of synchronicity in a metaphysics. James Joyce employed Vico's conception of language and historical cycles as the basis of Joyce's final literary work, Finnegans Wake. Vico's metaphysical sense of synchronicity and Joyce's literary formulation offer a grounding of this principle in non-divinatory sources in modern Western thought, something which Jung's discussion does not provide. These philosophical and literary perspectives complement Jung's to offer an expanded context in which to recognize synchronicity and to make sense of it.

  1. From Copenhagen to the consulting room: Pauli and Jung in Copenhagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gieser, Suzanne

    2014-04-01

    In this paper the city of Copenhagen is used as a starting point to highlight some critical historical events, both concerning the exchange of ideas between the physicist Wolfgang Pauli and C.G. Jung and the history of psychotherapy in Scandinavia. Pauli's years in Copenhagen under the influence of Niels Bohr and his philosophy prepared him mentally to receiveC.G. Jung's ideas. The paper also recounts the one occasion that Jung was in Scandinavia, attending the 9th conference of the General Medical Society for Psychotherapy in Copenhagen, just before going to New York in 1937 to give his final seminars on Pauli's dreams. The reason for focusing on these particular events is that they also constitute part of the history of the reception of psychodynamic psychology in Sweden and Scandinavia. © 2014, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  2. The Unifying Function of Affect: Founding a Theory of Psychocultural Development in the Epistemology of John Dewey and Carl Jung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Peter T.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I explore the shared interest of John Dewey and Carl Jung in the developmental continuity between biological, psychological, and cultural phenomena. Like other first generation psychological theorists, Dewey and Jung thought that psychology could be used to deepen our understanding of this continuity and thus gain a degree of control…

  3. The Unifying Function of Affect: Founding a Theory of Psychocultural Development in the Epistemology of John Dewey and Carl Jung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Peter T.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I explore the shared interest of John Dewey and Carl Jung in the developmental continuity between biological, psychological, and cultural phenomena. Like other first generation psychological theorists, Dewey and Jung thought that psychology could be used to deepen our understanding of this continuity and thus gain a degree of control…

  4. Subsurface temperature estimation from climatology and satellite SST for the sea around Korean Peninsula 1Bong-Guk, Kim, 1Yang-Ki, Cho, 1Bong-Gwan, Kim, 1Young-Gi, Kim, 1Ji-Hoon, Jung 1School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Bong-Guk; Cho, Yang-Ki; Kim, Bong-Gwan; Kim, Young-Gi; Jung, Ji-Hoon

    2015-04-01

    Subsurface temperature plays an important role in determining heat contents in the upper ocean which are crucial in long-term and short-term weather systems. Furthermore, subsurface temperature affects significantly ocean ecology. In this study, a simple and practical algorithm has proposed. If we assume that subsurface temperature changes are proportional to surface heating or cooling, subsurface temperature at each depth (Sub_temp) can be estimated as follows PIC whereiis depth index, Clm_temp is temperature from climatology, dif0 is temperature difference between satellite and climatology in the surface, and ratio is ratio of temperature variability in each depth to surface temperature variability. Subsurface temperatures using this algorithm from climatology (WOA2013) and satellite SST (OSTIA) where calculated in the sea around Korean peninsula. Validation result with in-situ observation data show good agreement in the upper 50 m layer with RMSE (root mean square error) less than 2 K. The RMSE is smallest with less than 1 K in winter when surface mixed layer is thick, and largest with about 2~3 K in summer when surface mixed layer is shallow. The strong thermocline and large variability of the mixed layer depth might result in large RMSE in summer. Applying of mixed layer depth information for the algorithm may improve subsurface temperature estimation in summer. Spatial-temporal details on the improvement and its causes will be discussed.

  5. La Psique Latinoamericana: Breve Ensayo Hermenéutico Desde Freud y Jung Latin-American Psyche: Brief Hermeneutic Essay Based on Freud and Jung

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    Jorge Gissi

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo integra algunas tesis de Freud y de Jung y las aplica a la psique latinoamericana. Según el autor, la conquista española en América, fue y aún es psicoculturalmente, distinta para conquistadores y conquistados. Desde la perspectiva de Freud, el análisis se basa en la segunda tópica, en la teoría de los mecanismos de defensa y en el complejo de Edipo. Se relacionan conflictos represivos, castratorios, proyectivos, etc. en los grupos culturales en pugna, y las derivaciones familiares y psicopolíticas congruentes. Desde Jung, el análisis se realiza a través de mitos y símbolos, lo que refleja una no integración sana de los arquetipos y un fuerte componente patriarcal de dominación. Esto implica la baja individuación, el "yo débil" y las disociaciones descubiertas por Freud.This article joins together some of Freud's and Jung's thesis and applies them into the Latin-American psyche. The author states that Spaniard's conquer period in America was, and still is, very different for conquerors and conquered (from a psychological and cultural point of view. From a Freudian approach, the analysis is based on the "Topica II", on the defense mechanisms theory and the Oedipus complex. In both groups, the author relates repressive conflicts, castration, projection, etc., with its familiar and psycho-political consequences. From Jung, the analysis is made with myths and symbols, which reflects a strong patriarchal component of domination and a unwholesome integration of the archetypes. This implies the low individuation, the "weak self" and the dissociations discovered by Freud.

  6. Joseph Campbell, Jung, Anne Tyler, and "The Cards": The Spiritual Journey in "Searching for Caleb."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Karen M.

    Joseph Campbell, Carl Jung, and Anne Tyler have all dealt with spiritual journeys and card reading in their writings. In his book "Tarot Revelations," Joseph Campbell discusses his first association with tarot cards, dating from 1943, when he was introduced to the symoblism of playing cards by his friend and mentor, Heinrich Zimmer. Carl…

  7. The cryptomnesic origins of Jung's dream of the multi-storeyed house.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Steve

    2009-09-01

    Jung first recounted his dream of the multi-storeyed house in the 1925 seminars to illustrate the concept of the collective unconscious and explain the influence of phylogeny on his split with Freud. However, his telling the story of the dream belies a cryptomnesic influence of the early writings of psychoanalysis because Josef Breuer used a similar image to illustrate the structure of the psyche which Edouard Claparède associated with a phylogenetic inheritance. When telling the story of the dream, Jung misrepresented Freud's position, creating the impression of there being a bigger difference between their theories than was actually the case, and giving the dream a fictional significance for the breakdown of their relationship. In fact, Jung followed Freud into the fields of mythology and phylogenetics, and their split was due primarily to their different attitudes towards sexuality rather than phylogeny. The dream image has therefore led to a misunderstanding of Freudian theory when viewed from within a Jungian perspective. Freud believed there was a phylogenetic layer in the psyche, though he held a different view to Jung on its nature and importance.

  8. Jung's Red Book and its relation to aspects of German idealism.

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    Bishop, Paul

    2012-06-01

    The late nineteenth century saw a renaissance of interest in the thought of the German Romantic philosopher, F.W.J. Schelling. This paper takes Jung's engagement with Schelling and his awareness of Schellingian ideas and interests (notably, the mysterious Kabeiroi worshipped at Samothrace) as its starting-point. It goes on to argue that a key set of problematics in German Idealism - the relation between freedom and necessity, between science and art, and ultimately between realism and idealism - offers a useful conceptual framework within which to approach Jung's Red Book. For the problem of the ideal is central to this work, which can be read as a journey from eternal ideals to the ideal of eternity. (Although the term 'idealism' has at least four distinct meanings, their distinct senses can be related in different ways to Jung's thinking.) The eloquent embrace of idealism by F.T. Vischer in a novel, Auch Einer, for which Jung had the highest praise, reminds us of the persistence of this tradition, which is still contested and debated in the present day. © 2012, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  9. Ghost and self: Jung's paradigm shift and a response to Zinkin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Susan

    2009-11-01

    Zinkin's lucid challenge to Jung makes perfect sense. Indeed, it is the implications of this 'making sense' that this paper addresses. For Zinkin's characterization of the 'self' takes it as a 'concept' requiring coherence; a variety of abstract non-contextual knowledge that itself has a mythical heritage. Moreover, Zinkin's refinement of Jung seeks to make his work fit for the scientific paradigm of modernity. In turn, modernity's paradigm owes much to Newton's notion of knowledge via reductionism. Here knowledge or investigation is divided up into the smallest possible units with the aim of eventually putting it all together into 'one' picture of scientific truth. Unfortunately, 'reductionism' does not do justice to the resonant possibilities of Jung's writing. These look forward to a new scientific paradigm of the twenty-first century, of the interactive 'field', emergence and complexity theory. The paper works paradoxically by discovering Zinkin's 'intersubjective self' after all, in two undervalued narratives by Jung, his doctoral thesis and a short late ghost story. However, in the ambivalences and radical fictional experimentation of these fascinating texts can be discerned an-Other self, one both created and found.

  10. The Prayer-Poem and Jung's Use of Active-Imagination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molton, Warren L.

    1996-01-01

    Develops the concept of the prayer-poem as a method for spiritual search. Relates the process of the prayer-poem to Carl Jung's use of "active imagination" as a way of pushing the poetic image to a deeper level of meaning and usefulness: a window into the psyche (soul). (SR)

  11. The Jung Curriculum. An Interdisciplinary Curriculum and Resource Packet Designed for Secondary Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Patricia E.; Fuller, Roger J.

    The ideas and concepts of Carl Jung are the basis for the materials of this curriculum guide for teaching gifted students at the secondary level. Entitled "Man and His Symbols," the guide is organized in five parts: (1) Approaching the Unconscious; (2) Ancient Myths and Modern Man; (3) The Process of Individuation; (4) Symbolism in the Visual…

  12. Parallels in the Beliefs and Works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung

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    Jerry Aldridge

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Margaret Fuller, the 19th-century feminist and Transcendentalist, has been compared with Louisa May Alcott, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Henry David Thoreau. The life and theories of Carl Jung, the 20th-century psychiatrist, have been compared with the works of Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Jean Piaget, and Sabina Spielrein among others. However, no comparisons have been published concerning the beliefs and works of Fuller and Jung. The purpose of this research was to compare and contrast the beliefs and written works of Margaret Fuller and Carl Jung. Similarities and differences were reported among their ideologies. Similarities in their childhood and adult dreams, literary references, spiritual beliefs, and explorations of gender were described. Differences were reported, which included the focus of their writings and their ideas about who is to blame when things go wrong, and how to deal with the individual daemon in each person was also explored. Special consideration was given to how closely their writings intersect. Specifically, the authors questioned whether Jung was inspired by the ideas and writings of Fuller. To answer this question, five possibilities were identified.

  13. Another Woman Gets Robbed? What Jung, Freud, Piaget, and Vygotsky Took from Sabina Spielrein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, Jerry

    2009-01-01

    Certainly not as many who have heard the names of Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky, have heard of Sabina Spielrein. While Spielrein had numerous face-to-face encounters, some personal and some professional, with all four men, and the accounting of her life and the interactions she had with them has been the content of…

  14. Unresolved Questions in the Freud/Jung Debate. On Psychosis, Sexual Identity and Religion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandermeersch, Patrick

    1991-01-01

    Due to the fact that the phenomenon of religion has been set aside as being something 'different', a number of key problems within psycho¬an¬alysis have been unwittingly lost from sight. This is especially true for the central theme of the Freud Jung debate: the experience of reali¬ty. The experienc

  15. Synchronicity - The Link Between Physics and Psyche, from Pauli and Jung to Chopra

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    Teodorani, M.

    2006-07-01

    This book, which is entirely dedicated to the mystery of "synchronicity", is divided into three parts: a) the joint research between analytic psychologist Carl Gustav Jung and quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli; b) synchronicity mechanisms occurring in the microscopic (canonical quantum entanglement), mesoscopic and macroscopic scales; c) research and philosophy concerning synchronicity by MD Deepak Chopra.

  16. Interlocução entre Rudolf Otto, Carl Gustav Jung e Victor White

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    Rodrigo Pereira Ceccon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1917, Rudolf Otto publicó el libro Lo Sagrado que propone el reconocimiento del aspecto irracional como el fundamento y sostén de la expresión religiosa a través de analogías y antinomias que llamó lo numinoso. Más tarde, en una conferencia en1937, Carl Gustav Jung utiliza el término numinoso para aclararlo dilucidar qué entiende por religión, reconociéndola como una observación sobre lo que arrebata la conciencia, ampliando de esta manera la idea de numinoso a la práctica y el estudio clínico. Víctor White, principal colaborador de Jung en el campo de la teología, teje una crítica sobre las posiciones de Otto y Jung de comprender el fenómeno religioso, afirmando que tienen una actitud unilateral en el reconocimiento de que sólo la esfera irracional fundamenta la religión. Este artículo propone una discusión teórica alrededor de las reflexiones de White en la idea de lo numinoso, contra las posiciones de Otto y Jung.

  17. Another Woman Gets Robbed? What Jung, Freud, Piaget, and Vygotsky Took from Sabina Spielrein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, Jerry

    2009-01-01

    Certainly not as many who have heard the names of Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky, have heard of Sabina Spielrein. While Spielrein had numerous face-to-face encounters, some personal and some professional, with all four men, and the accounting of her life and the interactions she had with them has been the content of…

  18. Jung's psychoid concept and Bion's proto-mental concept: a comparison.

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    Addison, Ann

    2016-11-01

    Jung and Bion both developed theoretical concepts propounding a deeply unknowable area of the psyche in which body and mind are undifferentiated and the individual has no distinct identity, from which a differentiated consciousness arises. In Jung's case, this is enshrined in his psychoid concept and the associated notion of synchronicity and, in Bion's case, in his proto-mental concept and his ideas on group dynamics. It is by means of these two concepts that Jung and Bion approach and locate a combined body-mind, a monism, in which body and mind are seen as different aspects of the same thing. This paper reviews the claim that although the two concepts are associated clinically with very different situations, their commonality may arise from a similar intellectual basis: both men appear to have been influenced by the same source of vitalist ideas in philosophy including Henri Bergson, and Jung's ideas also exerted a direct influence on Bion. © 2016, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  19. On some results of Bump-Choie and Choie-Kim

    CERN Document Server

    Hundley, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    This paper is motivated by a 2001 paper of Choie and Kim and a 2006 paper of Bump and Choie. The paper of Choie and Kim extends an earlier result of Bol for elliptic modular forms to the setting of Siegel and Jacobi forms. The paper of Bump and Choie provides a representation theoretic interpretation of the phenomenon, and shows how a natural generalization of Choie and Kim's result on Siegel modular forms follows from a natural conjecture regarding (g,K)-modules. In this paper, it is shown that the conjecture of Bump and Choie follows from work of Boe. A second proof which is along the lines of the proof given by Bump and Choie in the genus 2 case is also included, as is a similar treatment of the result of Choie and Kim on Jacobi forms.

  20. Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory

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    Desmond, Timothy

    In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they

  1. Jung, the trickster writer, or what literary research can do for the clinician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Susan

    2006-04-01

    This paper aims to show how literary scholarship can contribute to clinical debates by offering different methods of reading and interpreting works by Jung. Firstly, as texts form much of the means by which Jungian ideas are transmitted and worked upon, literary research offers methods of examining the way we read for authority and orthodoxy. Secondly, it is invaluable to look at the way in which Jung actually wrote. Jung portrays a dynamic psyche in action in his writings. His works are not only about a creative archetypal psyche, they enact and perform this creativity in the way in which he uses words. The rich playfulness demonstrated in The Collected Works is an example of a writer as a mythmaker of the psyche, one who absorbs unconscious creative energies into his writing in ways that dissolve modernity's cultural boundaries of science and art. In addition, the aesthetic component in Jung's writing is not a decoration of his ideas. Rather, his 'literary' qualities are themselves forms of argument about the fragile state of modern subjectivity. Using his essays on 'Synchronicity', and the 'Trickster', the paper will show these works to be responses to three related crises that still face clinicians and scholars today: the problematic role of the hero myth as an individuation narrative, the nature of 'science', and the crisis of western modernity itself in desperate need of psychic healing. The paper will show that where writing on synchronicity aims to individuate science by adding a 'feminine' Eros to its Logos biases, the Trickster essay is designed to ameliorate modernity by providing frameworks to make visible marginal or excluded material. In these works Jung tries to rejuvenate the modern world by re-connecting traditional symbolic systems with the psyche through myth as a language of psychic relating.

  2. Carl Jung's interpretation of Wolfgang Pauli's dreams: The Bailey Island, Maine, and New York City seminars of 1936 and 1937

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Richard Paul

    This dissertation reviewed the development of Jung's dream theory and addresses the question as to whether or not Jung was influenced by the dreams of the Nobel Prize winning physicist, Wolfgang Pauli. Jung provided an extensive analysis of Pauli's dreams, which are contained in the lightly edited, unpublished transcripts of lectures delivered in 1936 and 1937. An archival and hermeneutic analysis of the texts reveals a staged process of individuation that Jung related to in many ways because of the parallels to his own personal journey toward individuation. A chronological history of the development of Jung's dream theory is presented, followed by a picture of the relationship between Jung and Pauli. Thereafter, a detailed summary of the seminar transcripts, one given on Bailey Island, Maine, and the other in New York City the following year, is offered with hermeneutic commentary. An analysis of the seminars found that Pauli's dreams did, in part, support Jung's theory. Specifically, while Jung was unable to meet the scientific demands for clear empirical evidence of his dream theory, he did offer his professional and non-professional audiences with a slightly less rigorous example of his dream theory in action, demonstrating that the process shared similarities across peoples, time, and cultures. Additionally, in Pauli he found a superior mind that had gone through the process of individuation in accordance with his theory and his own experience. During the course of research, reference to a document was found in the correspondence in the Jungian Archives in Zurich. This document entitled, "FAREWELL SPEECH, Given by Dr. C. G. Jung on the Occasion of a Dinner Given in His Honor by the Analytical Psychology Club of New York City October 26, 1937" and other related documents were subsequently uncovered in the sub-basement of the Kristine Mann Library in New York City. A synopsis of the discovery and description of the papers contained in the file are discussed in

  3. Learning from the patient: the East, synchronicity and transference in the history of an unknown case of C.G. Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Moura, Vicente

    2014-06-01

    This article presents the history of one until now unknown case of C.G. Jung: Maggy Reichstein. Born in Indonesia in 1894 in a very aristocratic family, she brought her sister to Zurich to be treated by Jung in 1919, and later she herself was in analysis with him. Jung used her case as example in his lecture in 1937 on the realities of practical psychotherapy, relating it to the process of transference and countertransference. Jung deepened his studies in Eastern psychology after a series of dreams she had, which culminated in the Yoga Kundalini Seminars. She was also the case presented in his article of 1951 on the concept of synchronicity. Jung wrote that her case, concerning synchronicity, remained unique in his experience. Jung also published some of her mandalas. He considered her able to understand his ideas in depth. Reichstein was for Jung an important case, which challenged and triggered his interests in different subjects.

  4. A psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung: apontamentos de aula/The analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung: notes of lesson

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto traz o conteúdo de uma aula sobre Teorias da Personalidade com foco nos fundamentos da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), cuja obra vem apresentando significativas contribuições para a Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade Abstract The text brings the content of a lesson on Theories of Personality focused in the fundamentals of the Analytical Psychology of...

  5. Synchronicity and the I Ching: Jung, Pauli, and the Chinese woman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabriskie, Beverley

    2005-04-01

    The capacity of the human mind to discover and invent both imagistic analogies and mathematical structures to represent reality is strikingly juxtaposed in the ancient Chinese text of the I Ching. Its emphasis on containing all sorts of opposites and its plastic appeal to multi-valenced experience has kept it alive through millennia and across cultures. Jung was introduced to its Taoist wisdom by the Sinologist Richard Wilhelm. The Nobel Laureate quantum physicist Wolfgang Pauli became familiar with its philosophy and mathematics through his reading of Schopenhauer and Leibniz. In their correspondence about the nature of the unconscious and synchronicity, Pauli and Jung also exchanged their musings on Pauli's dreams of a Chinese woman, her role in his psyche and his scientific theories(1).

  6. Saying goodbye to the hero: Jung, Liber Novus and conversion from addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addenbrooke, Mary

    2015-06-01

    Two chapters in Liber Novus throw fresh light on Jung's epistemology of addiction. Taking these as a starting point, the nature of the challenges that patients confront in leaving addiction behind are explored. It is suggested that an archetypal process of separation is constellated at the point of quitting as the precursor to a life without the object of the addiction. A short account is given of Jung's part in the inception of Alcoholics Anonymous and the potential role of a 'conversion experience' as an initiation into psychological reorientation away from the negative individuation experienced by the hero. The case of a patient addicted to heroin illustrates the contribution of an analytic approach in an NHS setting, along with other workers in a rehabilitation centre. Certain challenges of working with addicted people are outlined, including arousal of the psychotherapist's rescue fantasies.

  7. The correspondence between Erich Neumann and C.G. Jung on the occasion of the November, progroms 1938 [corrected].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löwe, Angelica

    2015-06-01

    In the light of recently-published correspondence between Jung and Neumann, this paper considers and connects two aspects of their relationship: Jung's theory of an ethno-specific differentiation of the unconscious as formulated in 1934, and the relationship between Jung and Neumann at the beginning of the Holocaust in 1938-with Jung as the wise old man and a father figure on one hand, and Neumann as the apprentice and dependent son on the other. In examining these two issues, a detailed interpretation of four letters, two by Neumann and two by Jung, written in 1938 and 1939, is given. Neumann's reflections on the collective Jewish determination in the face of the November pogroms in 1938 led Jung to modify his view, with relativization and secularization of his former position. This shift precipitated a deep crisis with feelings of disorientation and desertion in Neumann; the paper discusses how a negative father complex was then constellated and imaged in a dream. After years of silence, the two men were able to renew the deep bonds that characterized their lifelong friendship.

  8. Old Age and Spirituality - Metanoia, "The second half of life" according to Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Pereira Gaeta Arcuri

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study shows the possibility of old age as human development, since the second half of life is the period of spiritual growth. Jung is a classic illustration of metanoia showing what connects and what distinguishes the second half of life. It is as if the focus change and a shift occurred. The focus may be because the ego does not find this place the foundation that once experienced as a solid foundation, and is directed to the Self.

  9. Relationship Between Personality Types Conceptualized by C. G. Jung and Emotional Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Natasha Virmozelova; Mariana Dimitrova

    2013-01-01

    The main aim of this study is to present the results from a study of the relationship between personality types described by C. G. Jung and emotional intelligence. The investigated subjects were 150 at the age of 18 – 50. The methods of research were MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) - Bulgarian adaptation (Rusinova, 1992) and one psychological questionnaire measuring emotional intelligence -Bulgarian adaptation (Stoyanova, 2008). The received data indicated that the functions of thinking an...

  10. Freud, Jung e o Homem dos Lobos: percalços da psicanálise aplicada Freud, Jung and the Wolfman: benefits of applied psychoanalysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Endo

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se examinar o papel da analogia no pensamento freudiano, através de um período fértil e tumultuado do movimento psicanalítico, marcado pela intensificação das divergências entre Freud e seu dileto (Jung, e também pelo crescimento do movimento da psicanálise aplicada entre Freud e seus discípulos e pelo trabalho analítico daquele que é, talvez, o mais importante caso clínico escrito por Freud: o caso do Homem dos Lobos. Este período marca um imenso campo de debates clínicos e teóricos, entre os quais se inclui, sem dúvida, o problema da analogia na teoria e na clínica psicanalíticas.This article intends to examine the role of analogy in the Freudian thought. With this in mind we will visit a very hectic and productive period in the psychoanalytical movement. This period was marked by the divergences between Freud and Jung, by the expansion of the applied psychoanalytical movement between Freud and his disciples, and by the analytical work of the Wolfman (which might be considered Freud's most important case. This period marks a huge field of clinical and theoretical debates, among which the problem of analogy in theory and in clinical psychoanalysis is undoubtedly included.

  11. Faint voices from Greenwich Village: Jung's impact on the first American avant-garde.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherry, Jay

    2011-11-01

    In 1913 Jung made a trip to New York which was to have an important impact on the creation of modern American culture. At the invitation of Beatrice Hinkle, the first Jungian analyst in the country, he spoke to the Liberal Club, a forum for discussing progressive topics. Jung was the leading spokesman for psychoanalysis and his ideas about creative fantasy resonated with popular interest in the ideas of William James and Henri Bergson. This paper will document that visit and the influence that Hinkle had on the young people who had gravitated to Greenwich Village. She promoted Jungian psychology through her analytical practice and her translation of Jung's Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido as Psychology of the Unconscious. Her influence is evident in four key neighbourhood institutions: The Masses, a socialist magazine, The Seven Arts, an avant-garde literary magazine, the Provincetown Players theatre ensemble, and the Heterodoxy Club, America's first feminist group. Her influence is also evident at The New School where several pioneering anthropologists employed the theory of psychological types as a tool for understanding social behaviour. This paper will demonstrate that a cultural moment usually seen through a Freudian lens had, in fact, a remarkably Jungian character.

  12. The Fibonacci Life-Chart Method (FLCM) as a foundation for Carl Jung's theory of synchronicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacco, Robert G

    2016-04-01

    Since the scientific method requires events to be subject to controlled examination it would seem that synchronicities are not scientifically investigable. Jung speculated that because these incredible events are like the random sparks of a firefly they cannot be pinned down. However, doubting Jung's doubts, the author provides a possible method of elucidating these seemingly random and elusive events. The author draws on a new method, designated the Fibonacci Life-Chart Method (FLCM), which categorizes phase transitions and Phi fractal scaling in human development based on the occurrence of Fibonacci numbers in biological cell division and self-organizing systems. The FLCM offers an orientation towards psychological experience that may have relevance to Jung's theory of synchronicity in which connections are deemed to be intrinsically meaningful rather than demonstrable consequences of cause and effect. In such a model synchronistic events can be seen to be, as the self-organizing system enlarges, manifestations of self-organized critical moments and Phi fractal scaling. Recommendations for future studies include testing the results of the FLCM using case reports of synchronistic and spiritual experiences. © 2016, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  13. Jung on the Nature and Interpretation of Dreams: A Developmental Delineation with Cognitive Neuroscientific Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Caifang

    2013-01-01

    Post-Jungians tend to identify Jung’s dream theory with the concept of compensation; they tend to believe that Jung’s radically open stand constitutes his dream theory in its entirety. However, Jung’s theory regarding dreams was a product of an evolving process throughout his whole intellectual and professional life. Unfortunately, the theory has not been understood in such a developmental light. Based on a historical and textual study of all dream articles found throughout The Collected Works of C.G. Jung, this paper maps a concise three-phase trajectory of Jung’s changing views on dreams and interpretation. The paper posits that Jung’s last essay, “Symbols and the Interpretation of Dreams” (1961), epitomizes his final stand, although such a stand is also reflected in a less explicit and less emphatic way during the latter period of the second phase. The paper also briefly addresses where Jung and Jungians have been enigmatic or negligent. For example, it has not been explicated fully why compensation as slight modifications and compensation as parallels to waking life situations are rare in Jung’s cases In addition, contemporary cognitive and neuroscientific approaches to the study of dreams, as represented by Harry Hunt, William Domhoff, and Allan Hobson, among others, are presented in connection with Jung. The juxtaposition of Jungian, cognitive, and neuroscientific approaches showcases how cognitive and scientific findings challenge, enrich, and in some ways confirm Jung’s dream theory and praxis. PMID:25379263

  14. Jung on the Nature and Interpretation of Dreams: A Developmental Delineation with Cognitive Neuroscientific Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caifang Zhu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Post-Jungians tend to identify Jung’s dream theory with the concept of compensation; they tend to believe that Jung’s radically open stand constitutes his dream theory in its entirety. However, Jung’s theory regarding dreams was a product of an evolving process throughout his whole intellectual and professional life. Unfortunately, the theory has not been understood in such a developmental light. Based on a historical and textual study of all dream articles found throughout The Collected Works of C.G. Jung, this paper maps a concise three-phase trajectory of Jung’s changing views on dreams and interpretation. The paper posits that Jung’s last essay, “Symbols and the Interpretation of Dreams” (1961, epitomizes his final stand, although such a stand is also reflected in a less explicit and less emphatic way during the latter period of the second phase. The paper also briefly addresses where Jung and Jungians have been enigmatic or negligent. For example, it has not been explicated fully why compensation as slight modifications and compensation as parallels to waking life situations are rare in Jung’s cases In addition, contemporary cognitive and neuroscientific approaches to the study of dreams, as represented by Harry Hunt, William Domhoff, and Allan Hobson, among others, are presented in connection with Jung. The juxtaposition of Jungian, cognitive, and neuroscientific approaches showcases how cognitive and scientific findings challenge, enrich, and in some ways confirm Jung’s dream theory and praxis.

  15. Kim model for flux-pinning-induced stress in a long cylindrical superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Jun; Wang, Xiaogui; Wu, Huaping; Xue, Feng; Zhu, Jun

    2016-07-01

    In this work, the flux-pinning-induced stress distribution in a circular cylinder of high-temperature superconductors is studied by adopting the Kim critical state model to describe the relationship between the magnetic flux density and induced current. Based on the plane strain approach, the analytic expressions of the radial and hoop stress in the cylinder are derived for the zero-field cooling and field cooling magnetization processes. It is shown that the stress distributions depend on the activation processes and the values of the dimensionless parameter p in the Kim model, and the overall maximums of the stresses appear at or near the center of the cylinder where cracking may be most likely initiated. In addition, the Kim model has wider applicability than the Bean model, and the influence of p on the stress depends on the activation process. Generally speaking, these results may be useful for understanding the magnetoelastic problem in practical application of bulk superconductors.

  16. [The medical treatment of Kim Phúc at the BG Unfallklinik Ludwigshafen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiefer, J; Daigeler, A; Lehnhardt, M

    2012-08-01

    The Vietnam War was a military conflict in Vietnam during the Cold War that followed the First Indochina War. This war was fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the USA and other anti-communist countries. Kim Phúc is the child depicted in the Pulitzer Prize winning photograph taken on June 8, 1972 by AP photographer Nick Út. The iconic photo shows her at about nine years of age running naked on a road amid the chaos after being severely burned by a napalm attack. After 14 months of hospital stay and 17 surgical procedures Kim Phúc was able to return home. Since then, she was used as a propaganda symbol by the communist government of Vietnam. To continue her studies, Kim was granted permission to move to Cuba where she met her future husband. However, the sequelae of her burn wounds affected her everyday life enormously. In 1984, with the support of the international aid organization "terre des hommes" and the German magazine "STERN", Kim Phúc got the opportunity to meet and get treated by Professor Zellner. Professor Peter Rudolph Zellner was the first chief of the Department of Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Burn Center, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, and one of the founder members of the German Society of Plastic Surgeons. The reconstructive surgeries provide Kim Phúc an almost normal life. Later on, she was involved in international aid organizations; she was named a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador and she was awarded several honorary Doctorates of Law. Kim Phúc became a Canadian citizen. Today, she lives with her husband and two children in Ontario, Canada. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  17. Dramaturgi Citra Pemimpin Korea Utara Kim Jong Un dalam Film The Interview Produksi Columbia Pictures

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This study titled “Dramaturgy of the image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in the film The Interview”. The duration of The Interview film is 112 minutes told a story about the murder plan North Korean leader Kim Jong Un by intelligence services, the United States 'CIA' through two media workers that Dave Skylark and Aaron Rapoport, which is a host and producer of the program infotainment show in United States named Skylark Tonight. This study uses analysis of Erving Goffman Dramaturgy pers...

  18. Lessons learned from 15 years of KIMS and 5 years of ACROSTUDY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luger, Anton; Feldt-Rasmussen, Ulla; Abs, Roger;

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pharmacoepidemiological surveys provide a valuable contribution to the continued monitoring of drug-related effects in patients with rare disorders. One of the earliest examples of this type of survey is KIGS (Pfizer International Growth Study Database), which has monitored the safety...... and effectiveness of growth hormone (GH) therapy in GH-deficient children since its inception in 1987. Following closely in the footsteps of KIGS is KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database). As of 2009, KIMS has been collecting data on the long-term safety and clinical outcomes of GH replacement in GH...

  19. Urinary KIM-1 and AQP-1 in patients with clear renal cell carcinoma: Potential noninvasive biomarkers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mijušković Mirjana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1 and aquaporin-1 (AQP-1 are potential early urinary biomarkers of clear renal cell carcinoma (cRCC. The aim of this study was to ascertain relationship between the urine concentrations KIM-1 and AQP-1 with tumor size, grade, pT stage and type of operation (radical or partial nephrectomy in patients with cRCC. Methods. Urinary concentrations of urinary KIM-1 (uKIM-1 and urinary AQP-1 (uAQP-1 were determined by commercially available ELISA kits. The analysis included 40 patients undergoing partial or radical nephrectomy for cRCC and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy adult volunteers. Results. The median preoperative concentrations of KIM-1 in the cRCC group [0.724 ± 1.120 ng/mg urinary creatinine (Ucr] were significantly greater compared with controls (healthy volunteers (0.210 ± 0.082 ng/mgUcr (p = 0.0227. Postoperatively, uKIM-1 concentration decreased significantly to control values (0.177 ± 0.099 ng/mgUcr vs 0.210 ± 0.082 ng/mgUcr, respectively. The size, grade and stage of tumor were correlated positively with preoperative uKIM-1 concentrations. Contrary to these results, concentrations of uAQP-1 in the cRCC group were significantly lower (0.111 ± 0.092 ng/mgUcr compared with the control group (0.202 ± 0.078 ng/mgUcr (p = 0.0014. Postoperatively, the concentrations of uAQP-1 increased progressively up to control values, approximately. We find no significant correlation between preoperative uAQP-1 concentrations and tumor size, grade and stage. Conclusion. uKIM-1 was found to be a reliable diagnostic marker of cRCC, based on its significantly increased values before and decreased values after the nephrectomy. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III41018

  20. The variable "Jung" as a predictor of mortality in patients with pulmonary edema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Robert

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. In our Intensive Coronary Care Unit (CCU a specific scoring system named the AMIS_NS was developed both for prediction of mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction and for evaluation of the quality of work. One of the most important variables of the AMIS_NS system is the variable Jung which stands for the interrelationship unified mortality predictors. The variable includes all the values of systolic blood pressure, heart rate and age, without limiting values for any of these. The cutoff value is 2.08. The patients with the lower variable value account for a significantly higher mortality. Data on the actual infarction are not necessitated now for this variable. The aim of this study was to assess the significance of the variable Jung in non-infarction patients with acute pulmonary edema. Methods. In a 24-month period out of 2,223 patients there were 1,087 and 1,136 patients with and without acute myocardial infarction, respectively. There was the subgroup without myocardial infarction of 312 (84.1% patients admitted with the diagnosis of pulmonary edema. The subgroup with myocardial infarction consisted of 59 (15.9% patients who were admitted for acute myocardial infarction and pulmonary edema which developed immediately after admission or during hospitalization in the CCU. For all the patients a uniform questionnaire was fulfilled on admission. Data were put into the personal computer. The variable “Jung” was used: (systolic bloog pressure/heart rate × age × 100. Results. Regarding sex, there was no difference in mortality, so that males and females were regarded as a whole. Previous myocardial infarction was equally registered in both groups. The investigated persons had less percent of mortality and a significantly higher systemic pressure as well as higher value of the variable Jung. There was no statistically significant difference in the heart rate between the two groups. In both groups of deceased

  1. PREVALENCE OF NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS IN KIMS KARAD, 2012-2013 EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPACT OF PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjaykumar

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available : OBJECTIVE: To determine Prevalence of NEURAL TUBE DEFECT in tertiary care center (KIMS Karad during July 2012-July 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients referred to KIMS as NTD, Booked Patients diagnosed in KIMS as having neural tube defect based on ultrasound findings. RESULTS: Total prevalence of neural tube defect in KIMS from July 2012-July 2013 was 8.2/1000 births. Prevalence of different types of NTD-Anencephaly was 2.8 and spina bifida was 7.4. CONCLUSION: Aim of this study is to create awareness of NTD in order to prevent NTD by measures like periconceptional folic acid supplementation.

  2. Arhitektuurimuuseum vaatab Aasiasse / Kim Sung Hong ; intervjueerinud Karin Hallas-Murula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kim Sung Hong

    2009-01-01

    Näituse kuraatori Kim Sung Hongiga 21. aprillini Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis avatud Lõuna-Korea kaasaegse arhitektuuri näitusest "Megacity network" ("Megalinna võrgustik"), Korea arhitektuurist, arhitektidest, muinsuskaitsest ja avalikust ruumist. Näituse kujundas Hwang Doo Jin

  3. Kim 3: an Ultra-faint Star Cluster in the Constellation of Centaurus

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Dongwon; Mackey, Dougal; Da Costa, Gary S; Milone, Antonino P

    2015-01-01

    We report the discovery of an ultra-faint star cluster in the constellation of Centaurus. This new stellar system, Kim 3, features a half light radius of $r_{h}=2.29^{+1.28}_{-0.52}$ pc and a total luminosity of $M_{V}=+0.7\\pm0.3$. Approximately 26 stars are identified as candidate member stars down to four magnitudes below the main-sequence turn-off, which makes Kim 3 the least luminous star cluster known to date. The compact physical size and extreme low luminosity place it close to faint star clusters in the size-luminosity plane. The stellar population of Kim 3 appears to be relatively young ($9.5^{+3.0}_{-1.7}$ Gyr) and metal-poor ([Fe/H]$=-1.6^{+0.45}_{-0.30}$) at a heliocentric distance of $15.14^{+1.00}_{-0.28}$ kpc. The cluster lacks a well-defined center and a small but prominent group of stars consistent with the Kim 3 isochrone is present approximately 9.7 pc in projection south of the cluster center. Both are signs of the cluster being in the final stage of tidal disruption.

  4. Ever Searching for Better Living——Tan Sri Lee Kim Yew and his CHHB Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Visionary Entrepreneur There have been many spectacular feats and achievements by Malaysians in the last two decade,but none as uneXpected and hard-fought as the rise of Tan Sri Lee Kim Yew,Group Managing Director and Founder of CHHB.

  5. A Misleading Review of Response Bias: Comment on McGrath, Mitchell, Kim, and Hough (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohling, Martin L.; Larrabee, Glenn J.; Greiffenstein, Manfred F.; Ben-Porath, Yossef S.; Lees-Haley, Paul; Green, Paul; Greve, Kevin W.

    2011-01-01

    In the May 2010 issue of "Psychological Bulletin," R. E. McGrath, M. Mitchell, B. H. Kim, and L. Hough published an article entitled "Evidence for Response Bias as a Source of Error Variance in Applied Assessment" (pp. 450-470). They argued that response bias indicators used in a variety of settings typically have insufficient data to support such…

  6. Lõuna-Korea teatel võib Kim peagi surra / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Viidates Lõuna-Korea ja Hiina luureandmetele, väidab Lõuna-Korea meedia, et Põhja-Korea liidril Kim Jong-ilil on kõhunäärmevähk ja talle pole antud elada rohkem kui 5 aastat. Põhja-Korea valitsejadünastia

  7. Dlaczego Korea?czycy z P??nocy akceptuj? w?adz? Kim?w?

    OpenAIRE

    Zdenkowska, Marcelina

    2016-01-01

    Celem artyku?u jest przedstawienie dw?ch popularnych teorii dotycz?cych problemu w?adzy w Korei P??nocnej. Analizie zostan? poddane tezy: konfucjanistyczna i nacjonalistyczna. Podj?te tu rozwa?ania maj? na celu odpowiedzie? na pytanie dlaczego Korea?czycy z P??nocy akceptuj? w?adz? Kim?w? Marcelina Zdenkowska

  8. KIM 3: An Ultra-faint Star Cluster in the Constellation of Centaurus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dongwon; Jerjen, Helmut; Mackey, Dougal; Da Costa, Gary S.; Milone, Antonino P.

    2016-04-01

    We report the discovery of an ultra-faint star cluster in the constellation of Centaurus. This new stellar system, Kim 3, features a half-light radius of {r}h={2.29}-0.52+1.28 pc and a total luminosity of MV = +0.7 ± 0.3. Approximately 26 stars are identified as candidate member stars down to four magnitudes below the main-sequence turn-off, which makes Kim 3 the least luminous star cluster known to date. The compact physical size and extreme low luminosity place it close to faint star clusters in the size-luminosity plane. The stellar population of Kim 3 appears to be relatively young ({9.5}-1.7+3.0 Gyr) and metal-poor ([Fe/H]\\quad =\\quad -{1.6}-0.30+0.45) at a heliocentric distance of {15.14}-0.28+1.00 kpc. The cluster lacks a well-defined center, and a small but prominent group of stars consistent with the Kim 3 isochrone is present approximately 9.7 pc in projection south of the cluster center. Both are signs of the cluster being in the final stage of tidal disruption.

  9. Arhitektuurimuuseum vaatab Aasiasse / Kim Sung Hong ; intervjueerinud Karin Hallas-Murula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kim Sung Hong

    2009-01-01

    Näituse kuraatori Kim Sung Hongiga 21. aprillini Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis avatud Lõuna-Korea kaasaegse arhitektuuri näitusest "Megacity network" ("Megalinna võrgustik"), Korea arhitektuurist, arhitektidest, muinsuskaitsest ja avalikust ruumist. Näituse kujundas Hwang Doo Jin

  10. Lõuna-Korea teatel võib Kim peagi surra / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Viidates Lõuna-Korea ja Hiina luureandmetele, väidab Lõuna-Korea meedia, et Põhja-Korea liidril Kim Jong-ilil on kõhunäärmevähk ja talle pole antud elada rohkem kui 5 aastat. Põhja-Korea valitsejadünastia

  11. Migrant Writing in Quebec : Female Mobility in Kim Thúy’s Ru

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    den Toonder, Jeanette; Averis, Kate; Hollis-Touré, Isabel

    2016-01-01

    This chapter presents the experience of mobility as one of duality, an experience of both rupture and continuity as expressed in the poetic prose of Kim Thúy, resident in Quebec since her departure from her native Vietnam at ten years of age. Describing an experience of fragmented simultaneity that

  12. From isolated GH deficiency to multiple pituitary hormone deficiency: an evolving continuum - a KIMS analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klose, M.; Jonsson, B.; Abs, R.;

    2009-01-01

    with organic AO-GHD, who were GH naive prior to entry into the Pfizer International Metabolic Database (KIMS; 283 (7%) IGHD, 3827 MPHD). The effect of GH replacement after 2 years was assessed in those with available follow-up data (133 IGHD, 2207 MPHD), and development of new deficiencies in those...

  13. The first clinical treatment with kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring (KIM): A real-time image guidance method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keall, Paul J., E-mail: paul.keall@sydney.edu.au; O’Brien, Ricky; Huang, Chen-Yu [Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Aun Ng, Jin [Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia and School of Physics, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Colvill, Emma [Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia and Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales 2065 (Australia); Rugaard Poulsen, Per; Fledelius, Walther [Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark and Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Juneja, Prabhjot; Booth, Jeremy T. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales 2006, Australia and Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales 2065 (Australia); Simpson, Emma; Bell, Linda; Alfieri, Florencia; Eade, Thomas; Kneebone, Andrew [Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales 2065 (Australia)

    2015-01-15

    Purpose: Kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring (KIM) is a real-time image guidance method that uses widely available radiotherapy technology, i.e., a gantry-mounted x-ray imager. The authors report on the geometric and dosimetric results of the first patient treatment using KIM which occurred on September 16, 2014. Methods: KIM uses current and prior 2D x-ray images to estimate the 3D target position during cancer radiotherapy treatment delivery. KIM software was written to process kilovoltage (kV) images streamed from a standard C-arm linear accelerator with a gantry-mounted kV x-ray imaging system. A 120° pretreatment kV imaging arc was acquired to build the patient-specific 2D to 3D motion correlation. The kV imager was activated during the megavoltage (MV) treatment, a dual arc VMAT prostate treatment, to estimate the 3D prostate position in real-time. All necessary ethics, legal, and regulatory requirements were met for this clinical study. The quality assurance processes were completed and peer reviewed. Results: During treatment, a prostate position offset of nearly 3 mm in the posterior direction was observed with KIM. This position offset did not trigger a gating event. After the treatment, the prostate motion was independently measured using kV/MV triangulation, resulting in a mean difference of less than 0.6 mm and standard deviation of less than 0.6 mm in each direction. The accuracy of the marker segmentation was visually assessed during and after treatment and found to be performing well. During treatment, there were no interruptions due to performance of the KIM software. Conclusions: For the first time, KIM has been used for real-time image guidance during cancer radiotherapy. The measured accuracy and precision were both submillimeter for the first treatment fraction. This clinical translational research milestone paves the way for the broad implementation of real-time image guidance to facilitate the detection and correction of geometric and

  14. The Martin Buber-Carl Jung disputations: protecting the sacred in the battle for the boundaries of analytical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, B D

    2001-07-01

    The Martin Buber-C.G. Jung disputations rather than the Freud-Jung split or Samuels's post-Jungian categories is considered the more significant paradigm for understanding the conflicts erupting within the Jungian community surrounding clinical practice and candidate training. Looking through the lens of the Freud-Jung split keeps the conflicts focused on the theoretical and technical differences concerning such concepts as object-relations, transference-countertransference, neutrality, clinical boundaries. The Buber-Jung disputations move the discussion into a different and more foundational arena, namely the vertical and horizontal psychological considerations of the experience of the Sacred and how that dimension is supported or thwarted in clinical practice and candidate training by the respective allegiances of the 'warriors' in the 'Holy Wars'. Experiencing the texture of the Buber-Jung disputations as well as grappling with their content suggests that a more dialogical approach to actual clinical material may be a more fruitful way to understand the work of analysis and the business of candidate training.

  15. Urinary Kidney Injury Molecule-1 (KIM-1 in Early Diagnosis of Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Critically Ill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Lestari Paramastuty

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Acute kidney injury (AKI often associated with a high hospital morbi-mortality rate in the intensive care unit patients. Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1, has many characteristics of ideal biomarker for kidney injury. The aim of this study was to compared the temporal pattern of elevation urinary KIM-1 level following critically ill children with SCr as standart biomarker of AKI. Prospective analytic observational study was conducted during October to March 2014 in the Saiful Anwar General Hospital and Physiology Laboratory Brawijaya University. There were 13 critically ill as subjects. SCr and KIM-1 levels from all subjects were measured three times ( at admission, after 1st and 6th hour. Subjects were devided into AKI - non-AKI groups by SCr level and survivor - non survivor group at the and of the observations. Results showed that there were significantly increased levels of KIM-1 in the AKI and non-AKI and survivor-non survivor group at time point. However, we found that delta KIM-1 at time point increased significant in non AKI group and survivor group. KIM-1 at admission can diagnosed AKI in critically ill children. We conclude that urinary KIM-1 is a sensitive non-invasive biomarker to diagnosed acute kidney injury in critically ill children. Increase level of KIM-1 by time shows protective and good outcome in critically ill children.

  16. Has the Time Come to Emulate Jung? A Response to Piechowski's Most Recent Rethinking of the Theory of Positive Disintegration: I. The Case against Primary Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendaglio, Sal; Tillier, William

    2015-01-01

    Disagreements between theorists and their collaborators are as old as the field of psychology itself. The most well-known example of a professional relationship marked by diverging viewpoints in psychology is that of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. Theoretical disagreements between them were resolved by Jung's creation of a new theory. In this…

  17. Has the Time Come to Emulate Jung? A Response to Piechowski's Most Recent Rethinking of the Theory of Positive Disintegration: I. The Case against Primary Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendaglio, Sal; Tillier, William

    2015-01-01

    Disagreements between theorists and their collaborators are as old as the field of psychology itself. The most well-known example of a professional relationship marked by diverging viewpoints in psychology is that of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. Theoretical disagreements between them were resolved by Jung's creation of a new theory. In this…

  18. Under a Starry Vault. Warburg, Jung and the Renaissance of Ancient Paganisms at the Beginning of the 20th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Pallotto Strickland

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper tackles the controversial question of the affinities between the work of Aby Warburg and Carl Gustav Jung. Instead of focussing her interest exclusively on the concepts of collective memory and primordial images, though, the author critically compares the different ways Warburg and Jung looked at the renaissance of ancient practices of Paganism at the beginning of the Twentieth century, and questions the extent to which the cultural crisis heralded by Modernity, and the challenges brought about by secularisation influenced their reading of the revivals.

  19. Experimental study for Yuen-Kim protocol of quantum key distribution with unconditional secure

    OpenAIRE

    Hirota, O.; Kato, K; Sohma, M.

    2002-01-01

    In this report, we simulate practical feature of Yuen-Kim protocol for quantum key distribution with unconditional secure. In order to demonstrate them experimentally by intensity modulation/direct detection(IMDD) optical fiber communication system, we use simplified encoding scheme to guarantee security for key information(1 or 0). That is, pairwise M-ary intensity modulation scheme is employed. Furthermore, we give an experimental implementation of YK protocol based on IMDD.

  20. A Comparison of Keywords in the Dynamic Psychology of Jung, Swedenborg and Freud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon James

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article provides some comparative data on the frequency of occurrence of key words that can be found in the complete set of collected works of Gustav Jung (1875-1961, Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772, and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939. These three historically important writers have each made significant contributions to the formulation and development of dynamic and analytic psychology. These data provide a comparison of the intensity in topical focus in the works of these three writers. There is visible overlap between all three writers in the intensity of focus on certain key concepts. The overlap is greater between Jung and Swedenborg than between Freud and the other two. An interpretation of this finding is presented in terms of the attitude of each author regarding the existence of a psychic “world” that is distinct from the physical world. Freud’s individual unconscious is contrasted with Jung’s collective unconscious and Swedenborg’s collective conscious.

  1. Arendt, Jung e Humanismo: um olhar interdisciplinar sobre a violência Arendt, Jung and Humanism: an interdisciplinary approach to violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlon Xavier

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho é um ensaio de natureza teórica que tece reflexões sobre o fenômeno da violência no mundo contemporâneo a partir da perspectiva dada pela filosofia política de Hannah Arendt. Partindo de sua interpretação de Kant, conectamos a teoria original sobre a violência de Arendt com sua base filosófica, o humanismo. À compreensão mais filosófica e social dada por Arendt, buscamos acrescentar, em uma abordagem interdisciplinar quiçá inédita para o tema, as contribuições dadas pela psicologia profunda de Jung, sendo discutida e sublinhada a relevância dos seus conceitos de indivíduo singular e inconsciente e da sua crítica da cultura. A origem comum de ambas as teorias leva a interpretações diferentes, mas complementares do fenômeno da violência, visto a partir das perspectivas social e individual, e conduz à afirmação da importância da retomada do humanismo como idéia central ao pensarmos a violência e o mundo contemporâneo.This article is a theoretical essay that reflects on the phenomenon of violence in the contemporary world, grounded on the perspective furnished by Hannah Arendt's political philosophy. Starting from her interpretation of Kant, we have connected Arendt's original theory on violence with its philosophical basis, Humanism. To the more philosophical and social understanding provided by Arendt, we have tried to add, through an interdisciplinary approach, the contributions given by Jung's depth psychology, discussing and underlining the relevance of his concepts of singular individual and unconscious and his critique of culture. The common origin of both theories leads to different yet complementary interpretations of the phenomenon of violence, and eventually to asserting the importance of recovering Humanism as a central idea in the way we understand violence and the contemporary world.

  2. Carl Jung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyle, R A; Shampo, M A

    1978-11-17

    Physicians should be prepared to provide prophylactic medications for travelers to malarious areas and to treat patients with malaria. Chloroquine hydrochloride is the suppressive agent of choice for treatment of mild infections due to all species of malaria except for those due to chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum. For treatment of severe infections with P falciparum and for treatment of all infections due to chloroquine-resistant strains of P falciparum quinine is the suppressive agent of choice. Chloroquine is also the prophylactic agent of choice for most travelers. To prevent infection with P vivax or P ovale, primaquine must also be given. A RBC glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase level should be obtained before administration of primaquine. For prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant strains of P falciparum, no completely satisfactory regime is presently available in the United States.

  3. The World Rests on a Turtle, but on What Does that Turtle Rest? A Reply to Haier and Jung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, I consider three general issues raised by Haier and Jung (2008). First, I discuss the use of drugs for intellectual enhancement. Second, I reflect on prediction of performance based on biological measures. Third, I query whether biology can tell us what intelligence and creativity are. I conclude that biological assessments raise…

  4. Un-thought out metaphysics in analytical psychology: a critique of Jung's epistemological basis for psychic reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Robin McCoy

    2011-09-01

    The author investigates the relation of Kant, Schopenhauer and Heidegger to Jung's attempts to formulate theory regarding the epistemological conundrum of what can and what cannot be known and what must remain uncertain. Jung's ambivalent use and misuse of Kant's division of the world into phenomenal and noumenal realms is highlighted in discussion of concepts such as the psychoid archetype which he called 'esse in anima' and his use of Schopenhauer's concept of 'will' to justify a transcendence of the psyche/soma divide in a postulation of a 'psychoid' realm. Finally, the author describes Jung's reaction to Heidegger's theories via his assertion that Heidegger's 'pre-given world design' was an alternate formulation of his concept of the archetypes. An underlying theme of the paper is a critique of Jung's foundationalism which perpetuates the myth of an isolated mind. This model of understanding subjectivity is briefly contrasted with Heidegger's 'fundamental ontology' which focuses on a non-Cartesian 'understanding' of the 'presencing of being' in everyday social and historical contexts.

  5. Revisiting Jung's "A Psychological Approach to the Dogma of the Trinity": some implications for psychoanalysis and religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamborn, Amy Bentley

    2011-03-01

    This article explores one of C. G. Jung's generally neglected essays, his psychological interpretation of the Trinity, and links up key theoretical notions with several more mainstream psychoanalytic concepts. It further uses the notions of oneness, otherness, thirdness, and the fourth to consider the recent points of convergence between psychoanalysis and religion.

  6. Children's Books as a Source of Influence on Gender Role Development: Analysis of Female Characters Using Jung's Four Archetypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Shirley J.; Pankake, Anita; Schall, Janine

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to answer this question: "Do children when choosing a book to read for pleasure receive a stereotypical impression of the female role as opposed to the male role as defined by the literature?" A qualitative study reviewed main female characters of the Children's Choice books of 2008 with Jung's archetypes (Great Good…

  7. Opicinus de Canistris: some notes from Jung's unpublished Eranos Seminar on the medieval Codex Palatinus Latinus 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quaglino, Gian Piero; Romano, Augusto; Bernardini, Riccardo

    2010-06-01

    Jung held an informal seminar for a limited number of students after the end of the Eranos Conference in August, 1943. All traces of this seminar were lost until the notes taken on it by one of the students, Alwine von Keller, were found in 2006. Jung's talk consisted of a psychological commentary on a series of images in the medieval Codex Palatinus Latinus 1993, attributed to Opicinus de Canistris (1296-c.1352), a fourteenth-century Italian clergyman, mystic, miniaturist, and cartographer. Jung interpreted Opicinus' images as a series of mandalas in which the Shadow, the dark principle, does not manage to be integrated into a balanced system. Opicinus tried to settle this division into opposites, which constitutes the main problem in modern times, while remaining inside the system of Christian doctrine. However, he did not succeed in his attempt to integrate the principle of the Shadow on the doctrinal level because he was not aware of the very same division in his own unconscious. Our article points out the features in the seminar where Jung seemed to show much more originality in his interpretation than other psychoanalytic studies on Opicinus or other analytical-psychological readings of medieval Christian art.

  8. Analytical comparison between Nixon-Logvinenko's and Jung-Brown's theories of slow neurofilament transport in axons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsov, I A; Kuznetsov, A V

    2013-10-01

    This paper develops analytical solutions describing slow neurofilament (NF) transport in axons. The obtained solutions are based on two theories of NF transport: Nixon-Logvinenko's theory that postulates that most NFs are incorporated into a stationary cross-linked network and only a small pool is slowly transported and Jung-Brown's theory that postulates a single dynamic pool of NFs that are transported according to the stop-and-go hypothesis. The simplest two-kinetic state version of the model developed by Jung and Brown was compared with the theory developed by Nixon and Logvinenko. The model for Nixon-Logvinenko's theory included stationary, pausing, and running NF populations while the model used for Jung-Brown's theory only included pausing and running NF populations. Distributions of NF concentrations resulting from Nixon-Logvinenko's and Jung-Brown's theories were compared. In previous publications, Brown and colleagues successfully incorporated slowing of NF transport into their model by assuming that some kinetic constants depend on the distance from the axon hillock. In this paper we defined the average rate of NF transport as the rate of motion of the center of mass of radiolabeled NFs. We have shown that for this definition, if all kinetic rates are assumed constant, Jung-Brown's theory predicts a constant average rate of NF transport. We also demonstrated that Nixon-Logvinenko's theory predicts slowing of NF transport even if all kinetic rates are assumed constant, and the obtained slowing agrees well with published experimental data. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Phenotypic characterization of OmpX, an Ail homologue of Yersinia pestis KIM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolodziejek, Anna M; Sinclair, Dylan J; Seo, Keun S; Schnider, Darren R; Deobald, Claudia F; Rohde, Harold N; Viall, Austin K; Minnich, Scott S; Hovde, Carolyn J; Minnich, Scott A; Bohach, Gregory A

    2007-09-01

    The goal of this study was to characterize the Yersinia pestis KIM OmpX protein. Yersinia spp. provide a model for studying several virulence processes including attachment to, and internalization by, host cells. For Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis, Ail, YadA and Inv, have been implicated in these processes. In Y. pestis, YadA and Inv are inactivated. Genomic analysis of two Y. pestis strains revealed four loci with sequence homology to Ail. One of these genes, designated y1324 in the Y. pestis KIM database, encodes a protein designated OmpX. The mature protein has a predicted molecular mass of 17.47 kDa, shares approximately 70 % sequence identity with Y. enterocolitica Ail, and has an identical homologue, designated Ail, in the Y. pestis CO92 database. The present study compared the Y. pestis KIM6(+) parental strain with a mutant derivative having an engineered disruption of the OmpX structural gene. The parental strain (and a merodiploid control strain) expressed OmpX at 28 and 37 degrees C, and the protein was detectable throughout all phases of growth. OmpX was required for efficient adherence to, and internalization by, cultured HEp-2 cell monolayers and conferred resistance to the bactericidal effect of human serum. Deletion of ompX resulted in a significantly reduced autoaggregation phenotype and loss of pellicle formation in vitro. These results suggest that Y. pestis OmpX shares functional homology with Y. enterocolitica Ail in adherence, internalization into epithelial cells and serum resistance.

  10. Dual-aspect monism à la Pauli and Jung perforates the completeness of physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atmanspacher, Harald

    2012-12-01

    In the mid 19th century, the physicist Wolfgang Pauli and the psychologist Carl Gustav Jung developed a philosophical position for the mind-matter problem that is today called dual-aspect monism. They conjectured a picture in which the mental and the material arise as two complementary aspects of one underlying psychophysically neutral reality to which they cannot be reduced and to which direct empirical access is impossible. This picture suggests structural, persistent,re-producible mind-matter correlations by splitting the underlying reality into aspects. In addition, it suggests induced, occasional, evasive mind-matter correlations above and below, respectively, those stable baseline correlations. These correlations, and the way they arise, suggest that the domain of the physical is not completely independent of the domain of the mental, and both are not independent from the assumed reality underlying them. Some ideas are presented of how these relationships might be conceived.

  11. Relationship Between Personality Types Conceptualized by C. G. Jung and Emotional Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha Virmozelova

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this study is to present the results from a study of the relationship between personality types described by C. G. Jung and emotional intelligence. The investigated subjects were 150 at the age of 18 – 50. The methods of research were MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator - Bulgarian adaptation (Rusinova, 1992 and one psychological questionnaire measuring emotional intelligence -Bulgarian adaptation (Stoyanova, 2008. The received data indicated that the functions of thinking and sensing, and introversion correlated inversely with the factors of emotional intelligence “Sharing emotions and empathy”, “Motivation to overcome difficulties and optimisms” and extroversion correlated proportionally with them. The function feeling correlated proportionally with the factor “Sharing emotions and empathy” and it correlated inversely with the factor “Recognition of nonverbal expression of emotion of the other people”.

  12. From Freudian narcissism to the Buddhist notion of anatman, via Jung's idea of identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Vallas, François

    2017-02-01

    Starting from the question the youthful Carl Gustav pondered as he sat on 'his' stone - 'Am I he who sits on the stone, or am I the stone on which he sits?' - the author has attempted to show that, for Jung, the idea of identity is founded on a wilful non-determination. This stance results in ethical and methodological repercussions that differentiate it both from the Freudian project and from Hindu and Buddhist thought, while at the same time having much in common with them. The paper refers to the notions of emergence and (Varela et al. 1992) enaction and argues that the concept of the archetype, especially in relation to the self, merits a re-evaluation in light of the new scientific paradigm. © 2017, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  13. Prospective Study of Lipoprotein(a) as a Risk Factor for Deteriorating Renal Function in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Overt Proteinuria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ki-Ho Song; Seung Hyun Ko; Hyung-Wook Kim; Yu-Bae Ahn; Jong-Min Lee; Hyun-Shik Son; Kun-Ho Yoon; Bong-Yun Cha; Kwang-Woo Lee; Ho-Young Son

    2005-01-01

    Prospective Study of Lipoprotein(a) as a Risk Factor for Deteriorating Renal Function in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Overt Proteinuria Ki-Ho Song , MD , Seung Hyun Ko , MD , Hyung-Wook Kim , MD , Yu-Bae Ahn , MD , Jong-Min Lee , MD...

  14. Kim Jong IL and North Korea: The Leader and the System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    bo rn d = di ed (f) = fe m al e Fi gu re 4 . T he K im F am ily . n o TE : C om pi le d by a ut ho r. 17 • Song Hye Rim: mother of Kim Jong...Madeleine Albright with Bill Woodward, Madam Secretary, New York: Miramax Books, 2003, p. 465. 20. Cited in Oh and Hassig, North Korea, p. 91. 21. Some...12. 28. Albright, with Woodward, Madam Secretary, pp. 462, 467. 29. For a more detailed analysis of North Korean intentions, see Andrew Scobell

  15. Kim e a literatura colonial de língua inglesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderlei J. Zacchi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Kim é não apenas um dos livros mais importantes de Rudyard Kipling, mas ocupa também posição de destaque na literatura de língua inglesa. Foi lançado em 1901, quando a Índia, onde se passa o romance, era ainda uma possessão britânica e doze anos após Kipling, tendo nascido na Índia, haver migrado para a Inglaterra. As relações entre os personagens orientais e britânicos no romance sugerem uma visão estereotipada das diferenças raciais e culturais. A aná- lise dessas relações será feita, em primeiro lugar, a partir de uma contextualização da literatura colonial de língua inglesa. Kim se insere numa segunda etapa dessa literatura, na qual predominava um ponto de vista predominantemente britânico e que buscava afirmar a legitimidade do império. E, em segundo lugar, a partir do conceito de orientalismo, conforme desenvolvido por Edward Said (1995. Esse conceito demonstra como os ocidentais fazem uso de sínteses e estereótipos para descrever o Oriente e conceber visões autorizadas sobre ele. Palavras-chave: Rudyard Kipling; literatura colonial; orientalismo

  16. Narcissism, solitude, friendship: notes on the therapeutic alliance in the context of the Freud-Jung relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carta, Stefano

    2012-09-01

    This paper deals with friendship and therapeutic alliance as a transformation of the libidinal love that structures the Oedipal complex. The author considers the relationship between Jung and Freud as a formidable test that may shed light on their personalities and on the relevance of the Oedipal complex for both of them and for their particular theories and practices. The author discusses the possibility that the Oedipal complex may be seen under a finalistic frame of reference and discusses which implicit goals it may express. Such a goal has not been reached by either Freud nor Jung, but might be the key to underline and recognize the fundamental importance of the 'therapeutic alliance' within the analytical situation, seen as a potential relationship between the selves of the patient and of the analyst springing from a transformation of libidinal love into 'friendship' as it was described by Friedrich Nietzsche. © 2012, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  17. [The spirit of art lives on the Essence of Poetry -from C. G. Jung to M. Heidegger].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montironi, Jorge D

    2012-01-01

    Two major contemporary thinkers such as Carl Gustav Jung, Swiss physician who was born in 1875 and died in 1961 and Martin Heidegger, German philosopher born in 1889 and died in 1976, venture in their extensive research on art and poetry on two aspects which are the subjects of the spirit and the human essence and that for years, while pursuing in our work, under the name of the transmission unconscious poetry. Then we shall point out in this article the articulations we find, first deploying the key points of the magnificent work of Jung on The phenomenon of spirit in art and science and that developed by Heidegger in his lecture on Hölderlin and the Essence of Poetry.

  18. Jung's views on causes and treatments of schizophrenia in light of current trends in cognitive neuroscience and psychotherapy research I. Aetiology and phenomenology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverstein, Steven M

    2014-02-01

    Jung's writings on schizophrenia are almost completely ignored or forgotten today. The purpose of this paper, along with a follow-up article, is to review the primary themes found in Jung's writings on schizophrenia, and to assess the validity of his theories about the disorder in light of our current knowledge base in the fields of psychopathology, cognitive neuroscience and psychotherapy research. In this article, five themes related to the aetiology and phenomenology of schizophrenia from Jung's writings are discussed:1) abaissement du niveau mental; 2) the complex; 3) mandala imagery; 4) constellation of archetypes and 5) psychological versus toxic aetiology. Reviews of the above areas suggest three conclusions. First, in many ways, Jung's ideas on schizophrenia anticipated much current thinking and data about the disorder. Second, with the recent (re)convergence of psychological and biological approaches to understanding and treating schizophrenia, the pioneering ideas of Jung regarding the importance of both factors and their interaction remain a useful and rich, but still underutilized resource. Finally, a more concerted effort to understand and evaluate the validity of Jung's concepts in terms of evidence from neuroscience could lead both to important advances in analytical psychology and to developments in therapeutic approaches that would extend beyond the treatment of schizophrenia.

  19. Lessons learned from 15 years of KIMS and 5 years of ACROSTUDY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luger, Anton; Feldt-Rasmussen, Ulla; Abs, Roger

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pharmacoepidemiological surveys provide a valuable contribution to the continued monitoring of drug-related effects in patients with rare disorders. One of the earliest examples of this type of survey is KIGS (Pfizer International Growth Study Database), which has monitored the safety......, pharmacoepidemiological surveys such as KIMS and ACROSTUDY provide valuable information on the safety and effectiveness of treatment with GH replacement and pegvisomant in the real world.......-deficient adults for 15 years. Approximately 5 years ago, the ACROSTUDY database was established to monitor the long-term safety and effectiveness of pegvisomant in patients with acromegaly. CONCLUSIONS: By collecting data on the treatment of relatively rare conditions in routine clinical practice...

  20. Vapor-liquid phase equilibria of water modelled by a Kim-Gordon potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maerzke, K A; McGrath, M J; Kuo, I W; Tabacchi, G; Siepmann, J I; Mundy, C J

    2009-03-16

    Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo simulations were carried out to investigate the properties of a frozen-electron-density (or Kim-Gordon, KG) model of water along the vapor-liquid coexistence curve. Because of its theoretical basis, such a KG model provides for seamless coupling to Kohn-Sham density functional theory for use in mixed quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) implementations. The Gibbs ensemble simulations indicate rather limited transferability of such a simple KG model to other state points. Specifically, a KG model that was parameterized by Barker and Sprik to the properties of liquid water at 300 K, yields saturated vapor pressures and a critical temperature that are significantly under- and over-estimated, respectively.

  1. Lengua, escritura y arraigo en la obra de Kim Thúy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia González Menéndez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The writing of Kim Thúy, Quebec au thor originally from Vietnam, represents a place of attachment against exile. The protagonist in Ru(2009, her first work, rebuilds herself and builds her relationship with others in an autobiographical story where the tragic journey of the boat people articulates an almost intimate personal chronicle, which does not focus on exile but on rebirth and reconciliation. À toi(2011, which was written in tandem with Pascal Janovjak, author of Swiss nationality and French-Slovakian descent, is a hybrid work mixing epistolary novel and correspondence between writers across an ocean and six time zones. Even while staging the nomadism and exile of the co-authors, this work highlights the roots and represents writing as a celebration of words.

  2. KIM-1、CC16在急性肾/肺损伤临床诊断中的意义%The significance of KIM-1 、CC16 in acute kidney injury and acute lung injure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申晓丽; 周巧玲; 王祺

    2014-01-01

    目的 观察肾损伤分子-1(kidney injury molecule 1,KIM-1)与Clara细胞分泌蛋白(Clara cell secretionprotein,CCSP/CC16)在急性肾损伤(Acute Kidney Injury,AKI)合并急性肺损伤(Acute Lung Injury,ALI)患者体内的变化,探讨其在急性肾/肺损伤临床诊断中的意义.方法 入选本院确诊为AKI的患者纳入AKI组(25例),确诊为ALI的患者纳入ALI组(15例),确诊为AKI合并ALI的患者纳入AKI+ALI组(25例),与之年龄、性别、民族相匹配的非吸烟健康志愿者作为正常对照组(23例),采用酶联免疫吸附法(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,ELISA)检测尿液KIM-1、尿液CC16和血浆KIM-1、血浆CC16的水平,用比色法检测尿N-乙酰-β-D-氨基葡萄糖苷酶(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase,NAG),整理四组所有研究资料利用统计学方法进行综合分析.结果 与正常非吸烟对照组相比,AKI组的尿NAG酶、尿KIM-1、血浆KIM-1和血浆CC16水平均显著升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);ALI组的尿CC16和血浆CC16水平均显著升高,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);AKI+ALI组的尿NAG酶、尿KIM-1、血浆KIM-1、尿CC16和血浆CC16水平均显著升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).直线相关分析显示:AKI患者的尿KIM-1水平与尿NAG呈显著正相关关系(r=0.493,P<0.01),血浆KIM-1水平与尿NAG无直线相关关系(r =0.276,P>0.05).ALI患者的尿CC16、血浆CC16与氧合指数均呈显著负相关关系(r=0.460,P<0.01;r=0.468,P<0.01).AKI合并ALI患者的尿KIM-1、血浆KIM-1与尿CC16、血浆CC16均呈显著正相关关系(P<0.05).ROC曲线分析提示:在AKI诊断中,尿KIM-1曲线下面积为0.781(95% CI:0.688 ~0.875,P<0.01);血浆KIM-1曲线下面积为0.988(95% CI:0.000~1.000,P<0.01);尿NAG酶曲线下面积为0.798 (95%CI:0.708~0.888,P<0.01).在ALI诊断中,尿CC16曲线下面积为1.000(95% CI:1.000 ~1.000,P<0.01);血浆CC16曲线面积为0.849(95% CI:0.764~0.935,P<0.01).结论 AKI时尿NAG、尿KIM

  3. Jung in education: a review of historical and contemporary contributions from analytical psychology to the field of education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gitz-Johansen, Thomas

    2016-06-01

    The available literature on the influence of Jungian thought on the theory and practice of education leaves the impression that although the work of Carl Jung and analytical psychology have much to offer the field of education, the Jungian influence has so far been slight. While this has certainly been true, the last decade or so has nevertheless witnessed an increased scholarly interest in exploring how analytical psychology may inform and inspire the field of education. As an explanation for this burgeoning interest in Jung, several of the contemporary contributors mention that analytical psychology has the potential of functioning as a counterbalance to the tendencies in Western societies to focus on measurable learning targets and increasingly standardized measures of teaching and assessment. It seems pertinent then to gain an overview of how analytical psychology has so far inspired the field of education and how it may fruitfully continue do so in the future. To this end this paper is structured chronologically, starting with the different phases of Jung's own engagement with the field of education and ending with later post-Jungian applications of his concepts and ideas to education. © 2016, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  4. Logistički kontroling u savremenim logističkim sistemima / Logistic controlling in modern logistic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Cakić

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available U raduje data definicija logističkog kontrolinga u logističkim sistemima Prikazane su njegove osnovne funkcije, kao i mesto i uloga u upravljanju savremenim logističkim sistemima. Pregledno je prikazano kako pojedini autori definišu pojam i funkcije logističkog kontrolinga u savremenim logističkim sistemima. / In this paper a definition of logistic controlling in logistic systems has been given. The basic functions of logistic controlling are shown as well as its place and role in managing modern logistic systems. It is clearly shown how some other authors define the notion and the functions of logistic controlling in modern logistic systems.

  5. Question Utilization in Solution-Focused Brief Therapy: A Recursive Frame Analysis of Insoo Kim Berg's Solution Talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotton, Jeffrey

    2010-01-01

    Recursive frame analysis (RFA) was used to conduct a single case investigation of Insoo Kim Berg's question utilization talk in a solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) session. Due to the lack of process research that explores how SFBT questions facilitate change, the author investigated how Berg's solution language influenced a client to respond…

  6. Language and Family Dispersion: North Korean Linguist Kim Su-gyŏng and the Korean War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryuta Itagaki

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the unpublished memoir of Kim Su-gyŏng (1918–2000, a linguist who was active in North Korea from the mid-1940s until the late 1960s, and situates his account of his experience of the Korean War within the context of his linguistic essays and correspondence. In doing so, the article considers the role that the personal and the social play in language, utilizing Saussure’s theoretical framework, with which Kim himself was well versed. Kim wrote his memoirs in the 1990s to his family, from whom he had become separated during the Korean War and who now lived in Toronto. In this text, he writes in “personal” language that reveals his uncertainty and his feelings for his family, but then immediately negates these feelings through the use of “social” language, which resonates with his interpretation of the linguistic thesis that Josef Stalin developed during the Korean War on language and national identity. For Kim, the relationship between language and nation was not at all self-evident, but something that he idealized in response to the dispersal of his family. By offering a reflexive reading of a memoir written by a North Korean linguist, this article makes a breakthrough in the investigation of North Korean wartime academic history, which has not risen above the level of analyzing articles in the field of linguistics that were published at the time.

  7. Occupy als Jugendbewegung für Generationengerechtigkeit?: Mediatisierte Aushandlungen des ‚Politischen‘ durch junge Menschen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stehling, Miriam

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ausgehend von der Debatte um eine ‚Politikverdrossenheit‘ der Jugend diskutiert der Artikel, welche Bedeutung Generationengerechtigkeit bei den Occupy-Protesten zukommt. Vor dem Hintergrund eines erweiterten Begriffs des ‚Politischen‘ wird zum einen argumentiert, dass junge Menschen gegenwärtig in einen Bereich neuartiger Politikformen und Praktiken eingebunden sind, der eng mit der Omnipräsenz digitaler Medien verknüpft ist. Zum anderen wird herausgearbeitet, wie Medien bei den Occupy-Protesten genutzt werden, um Forderungen nach sozialer Gerechtigkeit zu artikulieren.

  8. La Reina de las Nieves. La moral y el inconsciente : Leonardo Villalba según Sigmund Freud y Carl Jung

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás, Maite

    2016-01-01

    Esta tesina trata sobre la moral y el inconsciente a partir del análisis del personaje Leonardo Villalba de la novela La Reina de las Nieves, escrita por Carmen Martín Gaite. El estudio se hace a partir de las siguientes teorías: inconsciente de Sigmund Freud; ello, yo y superyó de Sigmund Freud; inconsciente de Carl Jung. La información almacenada en el inconsciente de una persona es algo que ésta no puede contar ya que ella misma no sabe que tiene tal información. Así, al ser Leonardo narra...

  9. Twin Concept of Fine Structure Constant as the ‘Self Number-Archetype’ in Perspective of the Pauli-Jung Correspondence; Part I: Observation, Identification and Interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péter Várlaki

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper – similarly to our earlier publications since 1993 – is trying to‘synchronize’ early quantum physics, the Kalmanian representation theory, Jungiananalytic psychology, and certain aesthetical categories. The number ‘137’, the so-calledinverse Fine Structure Constant (IFSC, is placed at the centre of this heuristic andepistemological experiment, along with the scientific cooperation of Pauli and Jung. A newpossibilistic twin concept of “controlling-observing equations” is proposed for thereinterpretation of the FSC and other Number Archetypes on the basis of the Hermeneuticand symbolic languages found in the W. Pauli and C. G. Jung “Correspondence”. The firstpart of the paper deals in first line with the introduction of the possibilistic twin concept ofFSC together with its interpretation according to the hermeneutical “tradition” of thePauli-Jung collaboration.

  10. SCREENING OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN FOR BLOOD LEAD LEVELS AT KIMS HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandrakala

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to screen preschool children for blood lead level with an objective to estimate ZPP levels among preschool children attending OPD and admitted to wards and to confirm blood lead levels in children whose ZPP is>_35ugm/dl. METHODS: hospital based descriptive study conducted at KIMS, BANGALORE from 1st July 2007 to 31st July 2008. 100 preschool children aged between 1 to 6 years who came to OPD and were admitted, were chosen randomly. Data was collected in a simple questionnaire which included demographic, clinical, investigations. Venous blood, 2 ml was drawn and estimated for ZPP. If ZPP >_ 35ugm/dl, then blood samples were estimated for blood lead levels. The data collected in this study was analyzed statistically using chi square test and standard normal variate (Z test for proportions. RESULTS: Out of 100 children, 37% of them had ZPP > 35 ugm/dl .Among these 20% had blood level more >10ugm/dl. Socio economic status affects lead exposure with poor socio economic status group being most prone for lead absorption. Among the 20% who had blood lead levels >10 ugm/dl, 15% of them belonged to urban area and 5% belonged to rural area. Location of the house of children in this study was observed that in industrial area were 85%, mechanic factory were 7%, battery factory were 3%, automobile and cottage industry were 2% . Among 100 children, 57 had hemoglobin % of > 10 gm and 43 were anemic having hemoglobin <10 gm%. CONCLUSION: As lead poisoning patients can be asymptomatic or symptomatic with only vague presentations, screening of blood lead levels should be made as a routine investigation. Awareness should be created regarding the sources of lead, its exposure and potential health effects

  11. Surgical technique for single-port laparoscopy in huge ovarian tumors: SW Kim's technique and comparison to laparotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeong Sook; Lee, In Ok; Eoh, Kyung Jin; Chung, Young Shin; Lee, Inha; Lee, Jung-Yun; Nam, Eun Ji; Kim, Sunghoon; Kim, Young Tae; Kim, Sang Wun

    2017-03-01

    This study aimed to introduce a method to remove huge ovarian tumors (≥15 cm) intact with single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) using SW Kim's technique and to compare the surgical outcomes with those of laparotomy. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent either SPLS (n=21) with SW Kim's technique using a specially designed 30×30-cm(2)-sized 3XL LapBag or laparotomy (n=22) for a huge ovarian tumor from December 2008 to May 2016. Perioperative surgical outcomes were compared. In 19/21 (90.5%) patients, SPLS was successfully performed without any tumor spillage or conversion to multi-port laparoscopy or laparotomy. There was no significant difference in patient characteristics, including tumor diameter and total operation time, between both groups. The postoperative hospital stay was significantly shorter for the SPLS group than for the laparotomy group (median, 2 [1 to 5] vs. 4 [3 to 17] days; Phuge ovarian tumors.

  12. A KIM-compliant potfit for fitting sloppy interatomic potentials: Application to the EDIP model for silicon

    CERN Document Server

    Wen, Mingjian; Brommer, Peter; Elliott, Ryan S; Sethna, James P; Tadmor, Ellad B

    2016-01-01

    Fitted interatomic potentials are widely used in atomistic simulations thanks to their ability to compute the energy and forces on atoms quickly. However, the simulation results crucially depend on the quality of the potential being used. Force matching is a method aimed at constructing reliable and transferable interatomic potentials by matching the forces computed by the potential as closely as possible, with those obtained from first principles calculations. The potfit program is an implementation of the force-matching method that optimizes the potential parameters using a global minimization algorithm followed by a local minimization polish. We extended potfit in two ways. First, we adapted the code to be compliant with the KIM Application Programming Interface (API) standard (part of the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models Project). This makes it possible to use potfit to fit many KIM potential models, not just those prebuilt into the potfit code. Second, we incorporated the geodesic Levenberg--Marquardt...

  13. A KIM-compliant potfit for fitting sloppy interatomic potentials: application to the EDIP model for silicon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Mingjian; Li, Junhao; Brommer, Peter; Elliott, Ryan S.; Sethna, James P.; Tadmor, Ellad B.

    2017-01-01

    Fitted interatomic potentials are widely used in atomistic simulations thanks to their ability to compute the energy and forces on atoms quickly. However, the simulation results crucially depend on the quality of the potential being used. Force matching is a method aimed at constructing reliable and transferable interatomic potentials by matching the forces computed by the potential as closely as possible, with those obtained from first principles calculations. The potfit program is an implementation of the force-matching method that optimizes the potential parameters using a global minimization algorithm followed by a local minimization polish. We extended potfit in two ways. First, we adapted the code to be compliant with the KIM Application Programming Interface (API) standard (part of the Knowledgebase of Interatomic Models project). This makes it possible to use potfit to fit many KIM potential models, not just those prebuilt into the potfit code. Second, we incorporated the geodesic Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) minimization algorithm into potfit as a new local minimization algorithm. The extended potfit was tested by generating a training set using the KIM environment-dependent interatomic potential (EDIP) model for silicon and using potfit to recover the potential parameters from different initial guesses. The results show that EDIP is a ‘sloppy model’ in the sense that its predictions are insensitive to some of its parameters, which makes fitting more difficult. We find that the geodesic LM algorithm is particularly efficient for this case. The extended potfit code is the first step in developing a KIM-based fitting framework for interatomic potentials for bulk and two-dimensional materials. The code is available for download via https://www.potfit.net.

  14. Evaluation of medium-range weather forecasts about Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems (KIAPS) Integrated Model System (KIM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, J.; Seol, K. H.

    2015-12-01

    The Korea Institute of Atmospheric Prediction Systems (KIAPS) is a government funded non-profit research and development institute located in Seoul, South Korea. KIAPS was established in 2011 by the Korea Meteorological Administration, KIAPS' primary sponsor. KIAPS is developing the KIAPS Integrated Model System (KIM), a backbone for the next-generation operational global numerical weather prediction (NWP) system. The KIM will be a unified model that can be used for global modeling as well as local areas, particularly optimized to topographic and meteorological features of the Korean Peninsula. We have been completed developing major model components based on KIAPS own research and release the KIAPS beta version model on September 2014. We evaluated the results of KIM by using verification system developed KIAPS, it is composed of standard verification score based on WMO report. The system consists of four parts: verification against analysis, observations, vertical verification and quantitative precipitation forecasts. The results of verification against analysis, we found that increase of error for temperature under 700 hPa. In case of MSLP, poor performance except for tropical region is represented, and the increase of error for geopotential height is shown in tropical region. For verification against observations, positive bias is represented for upper level geopotential height, for low level wind speed in tropical region in summer, for all level wind speed in Northern Hemisphere in winter, and for specific humidity in Northern Hemisphere in summer. As previously stated about the result against analysis, cold bias for low level temperature is shown in Northern Hemisphere in summer. In case of verification for rain about KIM, the model value is underestimated in heavy rain category in summer, on the contrary, that is overestimated in heavy rain category in winter. Overall, there is overestimation in ocean for all models. Our findings indicate that continuing

  15. A new record of Cleantioides emarginata Kwon & Kim,1992 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Valvifera) from Changjiang River estuary, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wenliang; Gary C.B.POORE

    2013-01-01

    At present,descriptions of Cleantioides emarginata Kwon & Kim,1992 have been limited to the type locality of Pusan,Korea.In this study,we discovered this species in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary,China.This represents an extension of the known geographical range of C.emarginata.In addition,we present information of a colour pattern not previously described,along with details on the estuarine habitat of the species.

  16. North Korean Leadership Dynamics and Decision-making under Kim Jong-un: A First Year Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    nuclear deterrent” up for discussion unless it is in the context of Korean Peninsula-wide denuclearization —code for securing a peace treaty with the...achieve denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula. This latter point of describ- ing its nuclear capability as necessary to achieve denuclearization is an...ar- gument that Pyongyang never made under Kim Jong-il. Instead, North Korea claimed it would need a nuclear deterrent until denuclearization had

  17. Lactobacillus curvatus WiKim38 isolated from kimchi induces IL-10 production in dendritic cells and alleviates DSS-induced colitis in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Sung-Gang; Noh, Eui-Jeong; Lee, Jun-Young; Kim, Green; Choi, Joo-Hee; Lee, Mo-Eun; Song, Jung-Hee; Chang, Ji-Yoon; Park, Jong-Hwan

    2016-07-01

    Probiotics such as lactobacilli and bifidobacteria have healthpromoting effects by immune modulation. In the present study, we examined the immunomodulatory properties of Lactobacillus curvatus WiKim38, which was newly isolated from baechu (Chinese cabbage) kimchi. The ability of L. curvatus WiKim38 to induce cytokine production in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To evaluate the molecular mechanisms underlying L. curvatus Wikim38-mediated IL-10 production, Western blot analyses and inhibitor assays were performed. Moreover, the in vivo anti-inflammatory effects of L. curvatus WiKim38 were examined in a dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis mouse model. L. curvatus WiKim38 induced significantly higher levels of IL-10 in BMDCs compared with that induced by LPS. NF-κB and ERK were activated by L. curvatus WiKim38, and an inhibitor assay revealed that these pathways were required for L. curvatus WiKim38-induced production of IL-10 in BMDCs. An in vivo experiment showed that oral administration of L. curvatus WiKim38 increased the survival rate of mice with DSS-induced colitis and improved clinical signs and histopathological severity in colon tissues. Taken together, these results indicate that L. curvatus Wikim38 may have health-promoting effects via immune modulation, and may thus be applicable for therapy of various inflammatory diseases.

  18. Drug screening in urine by cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA) and kinetic interaction of microparticles in solution (KIMS): a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwettmann, Lutz; Külpmann, Wolf-Rüdiger; Vidal, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Two commercially available drug-screening assays were evaluated: the Roche kinetic interaction of microparticles in solution (KIMS) assay and the Microgenics cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA). Urine samples from known drug-abuse patients were analyzed for amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, benzoylecgonine, cannabinoids, LSD, methadone and opiates. Samples with discordant findings for the two assays were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) or gas chromatography/electron capture detection (GC/ECD). Amphetamines showed 96.0% concordant results, with two false positive findings by CEDIA, three by KIMS and a further two false negatives by KIMS. Barbiturates showed 99.4% concordant results, with one false negative by KIMS. Benzodiazepines showed 97.4% concordant results, with two false negatives by KIMS (cutoff 100 microg/L, CEDIA cutoff 300 microg/L). Benzoylecgonine showed 17.8% concordant positive and 82.2% concordant negative results and no false finding by either assay. Cannabinoids showed 99.3% concordant results, with one sample negative by KIMS at a cutoff of 50 microg/L and positive by CEDIA (cutoff 25 microg/L). For LSD, 6.7% of findings were not in agreement. Methadone showed 97.5% concordant results, with two false positives by CEDIA, and one false positive and one false negative by KIMS. Opiates showed 96.9% concordant results, with no false KIMS results, but four false positives by CEDIA. The results indicate that the agreement of the CEDIA and KIMS results for the eight drugs is rather good (93.3-100%).

  19. Analytisch-psychologische conceptualisatie van het symbolische bij C.G. Jung : Onderzoek van het statuut daarvan in een bekend Westers esoterisch genootschap: de Vrijmetselarij

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.M.J. Journee

    1999-01-01

    textabstractDe Analytische Psychologie en de Vrijmetselarij zijn twee relatief onbekende fenomenen. Dit proefschrift onderzoekt of de symbolen, riten en mythen van de Vrijmetselarij verklaard kunnen worden vanuit de Analytische Psychologie van Carl Gustav Jung. "Symbolen, riten en mythen noemen we h

  20. Freud's Therapeutic Mistake with Jung's Disclosure of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Narrative Lessons in the Do's and Don'ts of Validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasker, Janice

    1999-01-01

    Examines the life narratives of over 25 "victims" and "survivors" of sexual victimization, including that of Carl Jung, as revealed in his letters to Sigmund Freud. Looks at the devastating results of Freud's invalidating response. Discusses categories of successful therapeutic validation. (SR)

  1. Jung's views on causes and treatments of schizophrenia in light of current trends in cognitive neuroscience and psychotherapy research II: psychological research and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverstein, Steven M

    2014-04-01

    Jung was the first to emphasize the importance of psychological factors in the aetiology and treatment of schizophrenia. Despite this, and other seminal contributions, his work on schizophrenia is almost completely ignored or forgotten today. This paper, a follow-up to one on Jung's theories of aetiology and symptom formation in schizophrenia (Journal of Analytical Psychology, 59, 1) reviews Jung's views on psychological approaches to research on, and treatment of, the disorder. Five themes are covered: 1) experimental psychopathology; 2) attentional disturbance; 3) psychological treatment; 4) the relationship between the environment (including the psychiatric hospital) and symptom expression; and 5) heterogeneity and the schizophrenia spectrum. Review of these areas reveal that Jung's ideas about the kind of research that can elucidate psychological mechanisms in schizophrenia, and the importance of psychotherapy for people with this condition, are very much in line with contemporary paradigms. Moreover, further exploration of several points of convergence could lead to advances in both of these fields, as well as within analytical psychology.

  2. Freud's Therapeutic Mistake with Jung's Disclosure of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Narrative Lessons in the Do's and Don'ts of Validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasker, Janice

    1999-01-01

    Examines the life narratives of over 25 "victims" and "survivors" of sexual victimization, including that of Carl Jung, as revealed in his letters to Sigmund Freud. Looks at the devastating results of Freud's invalidating response. Discusses categories of successful therapeutic validation. (SR)

  3. Synchronicité le rapport entre physique et psyché de Pauli et Jung à Chopra

    CERN Document Server

    Teodorani, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    De mystérieux événements synchrones semblent parsemer nos vies. Tandis qu'une pensée affleure, un fait, qui renferme toujours un sens profond dont le but est de conduire nos vies vers leur destin, se produit à l'improviste, dans un synchronisme parfait. L'objectif de ce livre est de démontrer que le phénomène de la « synchronicité » est depuis longtemps étudié, en particulier par les physiciens quantiques. Ces recherches plongent leurs racines dans l'alliance durable et harmonieuse entre le grand psychologue analytique Carl Gustav Jung et le physicien quantique Wolfgang Pauli.

  4. Jung's archetype, 'The Wounded Healer', mental illness in the medical profession and the role of the health humanities in psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hankir, Ahmed; Zaman, Rashid

    2013-07-12

    Carl Jung used the term, 'The Wounded Healer' as an archetype to describe doctors who have suffered from an illness. Reading and writing autobiographical narratives of the 'Wounded Healer' is gaining popularity among doctors with mental illness as an effective form of adjunctive therapy. Moreover, reading autobiographical narratives of psychopathology sufferers can 'augment' service providers' humanity by offering valuable qualitative insights into minds afflicted with a psychiatric disorder. The primary author, a doctor of Middle-Eastern descent practicing in the UK, composed an autobiographical narrative about his personal experiences with oscillations in his mood in an attempt to illustrate the cultural, religious and psychosocial factors that influence disease detection, progression, treatment and outcome. An inordinate amount of misconceptions about mental illness abound. We hope that this manuscript will help to lessen the stigma associated with those who suffer from psychopathology (particularly doctors) and encourage sufferers to engage with the appropriate services.

  5. Muusikauudised : Lu : k ja Jäääär koos laval. Britney Spears tegutseb. Lenny Kravitz ja Mick Jagger. Kim Wilde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tartus Sõbra majas toimunud kontserdist. Videost "Britney: The video". Heliplaatidest: "Britney", "The Best of Pink Floyd", "Lenny", Mick Jagger "Goddess In The Doorway", "The Very Best Of Kim Wilde"

  6. Muusikauudised : Lu : k ja Jäääär koos laval. Britney Spears tegutseb. Lenny Kravitz ja Mick Jagger. Kim Wilde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tartus Sõbra majas toimunud kontserdist. Videost "Britney: The video". Heliplaatidest: "Britney", "The Best of Pink Floyd", "Lenny", Mick Jagger "Goddess In The Doorway", "The Very Best Of Kim Wilde"

  7. The Key Indicator Method for Manual Handling Operations (KIM-MHO - evaluation of a new method for the assessment of working conditions within a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gebhardt Hansjürgen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders are common in the working population. The economic and social impact of such disorders is considerable. Long-time, dynamic repetitive exposure of the hand-arm system during manual handling operations (MHO alone or in combination with static and postural effort are recognised as causes of musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders. The assessment of these manual work tasks is crucial to estimate health risks of exposed employees. For these work tasks, a new method for the assessment of the working conditions was developed by the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA and released as a draft in the year 2007. The draft of the so-called Key Indicator Method for Manual Handling Operations (KIM-MHO was developed in analogy with the existing KIM for Lifting/Holding/Carrying (KIM-LHC and Pulling/Pushing (KIM-PP of loads. The KIM-MHO is designed to fill the gap existing in risk assessment of manual work processes, since the existing KIMs deal only with manual handling of loads. This research project focused on the following: - Examination of the validity of workplace assessment with the KIM-MHO comparing expert ratings with the results of the observations. - Examination of the objectivity of workplace assessment with the KIM-MHO applied by different examiners. - Examination of the criterion validity of the risk assessment provided by KIM-MHO with respect to the association between exposure and the occurrence and prevalence of health related outcomes. Methods/Design To determine the objectivity and validity of workplace assessment, the KIM-MHO is applied by occupational health and safety officers at different workplaces involving manual handling operations. To determine the criterion validity of risk assessment, a survey of employees at different workplaces takes place with standardised questionnaires and interviews about symptoms in the neck and upper extremities

  8. A STUDY ON BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF CELL PHONES OF HEALTH CARE WORKERS (HCW AT KIMS HOSPITAL, AMALAPURAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Padmaja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A random 100 samples of cell phones of HCWs workers and Doctors working in various wards, OPDs and laboratories, Blood Bank, Causality, ICU of KIMS Hospital were subjected to bacterial analysis by conventional methods to know about the Bacterial contamination of the cell phones from July 2011 to December 2011. The commonest organism isolated from the contaminated cell phone is MRSA - 20%, followed by MSSA - 5%, CONS - 10 %, Micrococcus - 15 %. The obvious observation is none of the doctors’ cell phones are contaminated. In the present study, the contamination rate is compared to the controlled group consisting patients, relatives attending in OPD’s and not working in health care setting.

  9. New Nordic Exceptionalism: Jeuno JE Kim and Ewa Einhorn's The United Nations of Norden and other realist utopias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathias Danbolt

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available At the 2009 Nordic Culture Forum summit in Berlin that centered on the profiling and branding of the Nordic region in a globalized world, one presenter stood out from the crowd. The lobbyist Annika Sigurdardottir delivered a speech that called for the establishment of “The United Nations of Norden”: A Nordic union that would gather the nations and restore Norden's role as the “moral superpower of the world.” Sigurdardottir's presentation generated such a heated debate that the organizers had to intervene and reveal that the speech was a performance made by the artists Jeuno JE Kim and Ewa Einhorn. This article takes Kim and Einhorn's intervention as a starting point for a critical discussion of the history and politics of Nordic image-building. The article suggests that the reason Kim and Einhorn's speech passed as a serious proposal was due to its meticulous mimicking of two discursive formations that have been central to the debates on the branding of Nordicity over the last decades: on the one hand, the discourse of “Nordic exceptionalism,” that since the 1960s has been central to the promotion of a Nordic political, socio-economic, and internationalist “third way” model, and, on the other hand, the discourse on the “New Nordic,” that emerged out of the New Nordic Food-movement in the early 2000s, and which has given art and culture a privileged role in the international re-fashioning of the Nordic brand. Through an analysis of Kim and Einhorn's United Nations of Norden (UNN-performance, the article examines the historical development and ideological underpinnings of the image of Nordic unity at play in the discourses of Nordic exceptionalism and the New Nordic. By focusing on how the UNN-project puts pressure on the role of utopian imaginaries in the construction of Nordic self-images, the article describes the emergence of a discursive framework of New Nordic Exceptionalism.

  10. Report on visit from Prof. Kim Lutzen: Friday, 6 November 1998, Korolinska Institute (dept of nursing Stockholm, Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Lutzen

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Kim Lutzen contacted the Department of Advanced Nursing Sciences, Unisa, via the Department's Web Page. Prof. Lutzen is the Chair of the Department of Nursing, which offers undergraduate, master and doctoral programmes. This Department of Nursing is situated within the Karolinska Institute, which comprises 29 Departments of Health Sciences, including a number of Medical Departments, Dentistry, Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, and Nursing. Prof. Lutzen emphasised that there is no Swedish phrase similar to "nursing science", consequently this t e n seems to be somewhat unfamiliar to the Swedish nurses. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  11. Analiza parametra translucencije staklokeramike izrađene različitim tehnološkim postupcima

    OpenAIRE

    Ledić, Karla; Majnarić, Igor; MILARDOVIĆ ORTOLAN, Slađana; Špalj, Stjepan; Štefančić, Sanja; Mehulić, Ketij

    2015-01-01

    Svrha: Analizirati parametar translucencije (TP vrijednosti) staklokeramika izrađenih različitim tehnološkim postupcima te ispitati kako na TP vrijednosti utječu korozivna sredstva. Materijali i metode: Izrađena su po tri uzorka IPS e.max keramike (Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Lihtenštajn) u trima bojama (A2, C2 i B3) s trima različitim tehnologijama izrade (slojevanje – e.max Ceram Dentin; toplo-tlačna tehnika – e.max Press; strojno – e.max CAD). Uzorci su bili u obliku pločica dimenzija 10 mm ...

  12. A Density Functional Approach to Polarizable Models: A Kim-Gordon-Response Density Interaction Potential for Molecular Simulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tabacchi, G; Hutter, J; Mundy, C

    2005-04-07

    A combined linear response--frozen electron density model has been implemented in a molecular dynamics scheme derived from an extended Lagrangian formalism. This approach is based on a partition of the electronic charge distribution into a frozen region described by Kim-Gordon theory, and a response contribution determined by the instaneous ionic configuration of the system. The method is free from empirical pair-potentials and the parameterization protocol involves only calculations on properly chosen subsystems. They apply this method to a series of alkali halides in different physical phases and are able to reproduce experimental structural and thermodynamic properties with an accuracy comparable to Kohn-Sham density functional calculations.

  13. Helen Kim as New Woman and Collaborator: A Comprehensive Assessment of Korean Collaboration under Japanese Colonial Rule

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AhRan Ellie Bae

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Although almost seventy years has passed since Korea's liberation from Japanese rule, the issue of collaboration still haunts Korea today. Attempts to resolve this issue have tended to focus attention on the traitorous actions of "collaborators" without considering the gray areas that surround their actions such as the circumstances that influenced the accused to commit their alleged traitorous acts and the intentions that drove their decisions. Helen Kim, as a "new woman" and an educator, valued the necessity of providing education for women. Yet, her efforts to realize this goal, to the contrary, forced her into actions that would later be used to construct a reputation as a Japanese collaborator. Korea's nationalist historiography has a tendency to polarize this issue by categorizing a "collaborator" as either a traitor or a patriot. However, when we take a closer look at these collaborators' lives, we discover that most collaboration happened in gray areas where it is often difficult to clearly draw a line between treason and collaboration. Helen Kim's case suggests that the issue of collaboration cannot be fully explained by nationalist historiography's framework and we must give attention to these gray areas. Through her story I hope to complicate the issue of collaboration by raising questions that address the gray areas that surround the actions of "collaborators." In doing so, I hope to challenge the nationalist historiography's propensity to oversimplify this issue and present a more nuanced understanding of it.

  14. The poetry of Dunn Under the perspective of Carl Jung prototype Criticism%荣格原型批评视阙下的邓恩诗歌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐亚飞

    2013-01-01

    本文试图通过荣格的原型批评理论分析邓恩诗歌,具体分析了邓恩诗歌中的原型意象,以说明邓恩在诗歌创作过程中受到原型的支配,既是“艺术的工具”,同时也是“更高意义上的‘人’”。%This paper is to analyze John Donne`s poems on the basis of C.G. Jung`s archetypal criticism and focuses on archetypal imagery in Donne`s poems so as to show that Donne was influenced by archetypes when writing poetry. And John Donne was a“vehicle of arts”as well as a“man”in higher sense when engaged in writing poems.

  15. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Missagia Matos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DISSERTAÇÃO DE MESTRADOMATTOS, Solange Missagia. Imaginário religioso: o simbolismo do herói à luz de Joseph Campbell e Carl Gustav Jung. 2011. 115 folhas. Dissertação (Mestrado – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  16. Do Círculo de Eranos à construção do simbólico, em Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amauri Carlos Ferreira

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a origem e a extensão do Círculo de Eranos e sua importância na compreensão do simbólico, estabelecendo a compreensão da construção do simbólico como tentativa de união entre Oriente e Ocidente em C. G. Jung.

  17. Urinary KIM-1, NGAL and L-FABP for the diagnosis of AKI in patients with acute coronary syndrome or heart failure undergoing coronary angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torregrosa, Isidro; Montoliu, Carmina; Urios, Amparo; Andrés-Costa, María Jesús; Giménez-Garzó, Carla; Juan, Isabel; Puchades, María Jesús; Blasco, María Luisa; Carratalá, Arturo; Sanjuán, Rafael; Miguel, Alfonso

    2015-11-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after coronary angiography. Early biomarkers of this disease are needed since increase in serum creatinine levels is a late marker. To assess the usefulness of urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (uL-FABP) for early detection of AKI in these patients, comparing their performance with another group of cardiac surgery patients. Biomarkers were measured in 193 patients, 12 h after intervention. In the ROC analysis, AUC for KIM-1, NGAL and L-FABP was 0.713, 0.958 and 0.642, respectively, in the coronary angiography group, and 0.716, 0.916 and 0.743 in the cardiac surgery group. Urinary KIM-1 12 h after intervention is predictive of AKI in adult patients undergoing coronary angiography, but NGAL shows higher sensitivity and specificity. L-FABP provides inferior discrimination for AKI than KIM-1 or NGAL in contrast to its performance after cardiac surgery. This is the first study showing the predictive capacity of KIM-1 for AKI after coronary angiography. Further studies are still needed to answer relevant questions about the clinical utility of biomarkers for AKI in different clinical settings.

  18. Analytical psychology and Daoist inner alchemy: a response to C.G. Jung's 'Commentary on The Secret of the Golden Flower'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Caifang Jeremy

    2009-09-01

    This paper provides a historical, religious-philosophical context for the study of the Daoist text known as The Secret of the Golden Flower. An updated study is conducted into the controversy over the source of the text including the editions translated by Richard Wilhelm and Thomas Cleary. The main teachings of the text and the basics of two major denominations of Daoism are introduced to ground later critiques of Jung's commentary. The psychodynamics of analytical psychology, especially those concerned with integration of unconscious contents and the realization of the self (individuation) are compared with the psycho-spiritual dynamics of integration in Eastern spirituality based on the Golden Flower text. The paper concludes that it was amiss for Jung to have equated the Western 'unconscious' with states of higher consciousness in Eastern meditation practices, although his claim that Eastern higher consciousness is characterized by a nebulous state of non-intentionality does raise questions about the appropriateness of calling Eastern meditative states 'consciousness'. A new concept is required to characterize the special qualities of this psychic state shared generally by Eastern spiritual traditions and a more meaningful comparison may be found in Jung's concept of the self.

  19. New Nordic Exceptionalism: Jeuno JE Kim and Ewa Einhorn’s 'The United Nations of Norden' and Other Realist Utopias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danbolt, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    that have been central to the debates on the branding of Nordicity over the last decades: on the one hand, the discourse of “Nordic exceptionalism,” that since the 1960s has been central to the promotion of a Nordic political, socio-economic, and internationalist “third way” model, and, on the other hand......, the discourse on the “New Nordic,” that emerged out of the New Nordic Food-movement in the early 2000s, and which has given art and culture a privileged role in the international re-fashioning of the Nordic brand. Through an analysis of Kim and Einhorn’s United Nations of Norden (UNN)-performance, the article...

  20. Carl gustav jung, quantum physics and the spiritual mind: a mystical vision of the twenty-first century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadas Ponte, Diogo; Schäfer, Lothar

    2013-12-01

    We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung's psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn't consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  1. Understanding internal backgrounds in NaI(Tl) crystals toward a 200 kg array for the KIMS-NaI experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adhikari, P.; Adhikari, G.; Oh, S.Y. [Sejong University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, S.; Joo, H.W.; Kim, K.W.; Kim, S.K. [Seoul National University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ha, C.; Jeon, E.J.; Kang, W.G.; Kim, H.O.; Kim, N.Y.; Lee, H.S.; Lee, J.H.; Lee, M.H.; Leonard, D.S.; Li, J.; Olsen, S.L.; Park, H.K.; Park, K.S.; So, J.H.; Yoon, Y.S. [Institute for Basic Science, Center for Underground Physics, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Hahn, I.S. [Ewha Womans University, Department of Science Education, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, H.J. [Kyungpook National University, Department of Physics, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Y.D. [Sejong University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Institute for Basic Science, Center for Underground Physics, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Y.H. [Institute for Basic Science, Center for Underground Physics, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Park, H.S. [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-04-15

    The Korea Invisible Mass Search (KIMS) collaboration has developed low-background NaI(Tl) crystals that are suitable for the direct detection of WIMP dark matter. Building on experience accumulated during the KIMS-CsI programs, the KIMS-NaI experiment will consist of a 200 kg NaI(Tl) crystal array surrounded by layers of shielding structures and will be operated at the Yangyang underground laboratory. The goal is to provide an unambiguous test of the DAMA/LIBRA annual modulation signature. Measurements of six prototype crystals show progress in the reduction of internal contamination from radioisotopes. Based on our understanding of these measurements, we expect to achieve a background level in the final detector configuration that is less than 1 count/day/keV/kg for recoil energies around 2 keV. The annual modulation sensitivity for the KIMS-NaI experiment shows that an unambiguous 7σ test of the DAMA/LIBRA signature would be possible with a 600 kg year exposure with this system. (orig.)

  2. Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) and Kidney Injury Molecule 1 (KIM1) in patients with diabetic nephropathy: a cross-sectional study and the effects of lisinopril

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, S E; Schjoedt, K J; Astrup, A S

    2010-01-01

    Our aim was to evaluate the markers of tubulointerstitial damage, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule1 (KIM1) in Type 1 diabetic patients with different levels of albuminuria and in control subjects. In addition, the effect of renoprotective treatment...... on urinary NGAL was evaluated in diabetic nephropathy....

  3. Social Status Construction of the Kim Families ’ in Xiuning County%休宁金氏宗族社会地位构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉荣

    2014-01-01

    徽州是典型的宗族社会,等级门第观念较严格,社会地位高低是宗族能否立足的重要凭证,因此,提高宗族的社会地位是宗族赋予族众的使命。休宁金氏宗族传承千年,世代以忠孝显名。通过对《休宁金氏族谱》进行研究可知,金氏宗族构建社会地位的方式主要有进行宗族管理、获得社会认同和官府认同等三方面。%Huizhou was a typical clan society .obsession of hierarchy here was stricter .So ,it was important to improve the clan’s social status ,which was the families’ mission .The Kim families in Xiuning County had been inherited for more than one thousand years .They were famous for their loyalty and filial piety .To build social status ,the Kim families made unre-mitting efforts .According to The Kim Families’ documents ,we can know that the Kim families built their social status by clan managing ,obtaining social identity and official recognition .

  4. Reduction of proteinuria in adriamycin-induced nephropathy is associated with reduction of renal kidney injury molecule (Kim-1) over time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kramer, Andrea B.; van Timmeren, Mirjan M.; Schuurs, Theo A.; Vaidya, Vishal S.; Bonventre, Joseph V.; van Goor, Harry; Navis, Gerjan

    2009-01-01

    Kramer AB, van Timmeren MM, Schuurs TA, Vaidya VS, Bonventre JV, van Goor H, Navis G. Reduction of proteinuria in adriamycin-induced nephropathy is associated with reduction of renal kidney injury molecule (Kim-1) over time. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 296: F1136-F1145, 2009. First published February

  5. Understanding internal backgrounds of NaI(Tl) crystals toward a 200~kg array for the KIMS-NaI experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Adhikari, P; Choi, S; Ha, C; Hahn, I S; Jeon, E J; Joo, H W; Kang, W G; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, K W; Kim, N Y; Kim, S K; Kim, Y D; Kim, Y H; Lee, H S; Lee, J H; Lee, M H; Leonard, D S; Li, J; Oh, S Y; Olsen, S L; Park, H K; Park, H S; Park, K S; So, J H; Yoon, Y S

    2015-01-01

    The Korea Invisible Mass Search (KIMS) collaboration has developed low-background NaI(Tl) crystals that are suitable for the direct detection of WIMP dark matter. With experience built on the KIMS-CsI programs, the KIMS-NaI experiment will consist of a 200~kg NaI(Tl) crystal array surrounded by layers of shielding structures and will be operated at the Yangyang underground laboratory. The goal is to provide an unambiguous test of the DAMA/LIBRA's annual modulation signature. Measurements of six prototype crystals show progress in the reduction of internal contaminations of radioisotopes. Based on our understanding of these measurements, we expect to achieve a background level in the final detector configuration that is less than 1~count/day/keV/kg for recoil energies around 2~keV. The annual modulation sensitivity for the KIMS-NaI experiment shows that an unambiguous 7$\\sigma$ test of the DAMA/LIBRA signature would be possible with a 600~kg$\\cdot$year exposure with this system.

  6. VALIDATION OF COOKING TIMES AND TEMPERATURES FOR THERMAL INACTIVATION OF YERSINIA PESTIS STRAINS KIM5 AND CDC-A1112 IN GROUND BEEF

    Science.gov (United States)

    The thermal stability of Yersinia pestis inoculated into retail ground beef (25 per cent fat) and heated in a temperature-controlled water bath or cooked on commercial grills was evaluated. Irradiated ground beef (3-g portions) was inoculated with ca. 6.7 log10 CFU/g of Y. pestis strain KIM5 and hea...

  7. An existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality in the works of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin, Sergey A.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is the third in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the first article (Kapustin, 2015a I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients a person toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and necessitates a search for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients a person toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, onesided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In the second article (Kapustin, 2015b I showed that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more specific cases. In the current work I prove that this criterion is also present in the personality theories of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers, where it is implicitly stated in a more specific way. In the final article I will show that this criterion

  8. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Spitzer/IRS survey of Class II objects in Orion A. I. (Kim+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, K. H.; Watson, D. M.; Manoj, P.; Forrest, W. J.; Furlan, E.; Najita, J.; Sargent, B.; Hernandez, J.; Calvet, N.; Adame, L.; Espaillat, C.; Megeath, S. T.; Muzerolle, J.; McClure, M. K.

    2016-10-01

    We present 319 Class II disks observed with Spitzer/IRS in the Orion A star-forming region. We described the Spitzer/IRS and IRTF/SpeX observations and data reduction process in Kim+ (2013, J/ApJ/769/149). The Orion A objects in this paper were selected based on the identification of young stars with disks by IRAC/Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) color-color diagrams (Megeath+ 2012, J/AJ/144/192). We observed them using Spitzer/IRS during campaigns 36, 39, 40, and 44 between 2006 November and 2007 October. To this group we added 16 additional objects (5 in the ONC; 11 in L1641) that were reclassified as Class II from Class 0/I sources observed in the Orion A protostar survey by C. Poteet et al. (2016, in preparation); 14 of these 16 were observed during campaigns 39 and 40, but 2 sources were observed in campaign 56 (see table 1). Of our IRS targets observed in both SL and LL modules in Orion A with Spitzer/IRS, we observed 120 at near-IR (0.8-2.4um) wavelengths with the medium-resolution spectrograph SpeX, on the NASA IRTF on Mauna Kea during the 2010A, 2011A, and 2011B semesters (see table 3). (9 data files).

  9. Assessment of the governance system for the management of the East Sea-Jung dumping site, Korea through analysis of heavy metal concentrations in bottom sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Ki-Hoon; Choi, Ki-Young; Kim, Chang-Joon; Kim, Young-Il; Chung, Chang-Soo

    2015-12-01

    As with many countries, the Korea government has made a variety of efforts to meet the precautionary principle under the London Convention and Protocol acceded in 1994 and 2009. However, new strategies for the suitable marine dumping of waste materials have since been developed. In this study, the distribution and contamination of heavy metals including Al, Fe, Mn, Li, Co, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Pb and Hg in bottom sediments were analyzed and compared to various criteria in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the management of the East Sea-Jung (ES-Jung) dumping site by the Korea government. The results indicate that the average metal concentrations were significantly lower than Effects Range Low (ERL) values, and generally similar to or lower than the Threshold Effect Levels (TEL) from the Sediment Quality Guidelinces (SQGs). According to analyses of various metal contamination indexes (Enrichment Factor: EF, Pollution Load Index: PLI and the Index of Geoaccumulation: Igeo), most areas were found to be uncontaminated by heavy metals with the exception of several moderately contaminated stations (ESJ 33, 54, 64 and ESJR 20). Heavy metal concentrations in areas grouped as G1, G2, DMDA, N-Ref and S-Ref which showed similar characteristics between 2007-2013 and 2014, were compared. Unexpectedly, most concentrations in the northern reference area (N-Ref) were much higher than those in the actual dumping areas (G1 and G2), may be due to the influences from nearby cities to the west of the ES-Jung site, rather than from the dumping site itself. Additionally, heavy metal concentrations in the dredged material dumping area (DMDA) were found to be low although they have slightly increased over time and those in the southern reference area (S-Ref) were found to have gradually decreased with year. The concentrations of most metals in the East Sea-Jung dumping site were similar to or less than those in the Earth's crust and approximately the same as those in continental

  10. Kim Scott’s Fiction within Western Australian Life-Writing: Voicing the Violence of Removal and Displacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelis Martin Renes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It is nowadays evident that the West’s civilising, eugenic zeal have had a devastating impact on all aspects of the Indigenous-Australian community tissue, not least the lasting trauma of the Stolen Generations. The latter was the result of the institutionalisation, adoption, fostering, virtual slavery and sexual abuse of thousands of mixed-descent children, who were separated at great physical and emotional distances from their Indigenous kin, often never to see them again. The object of State and Federal policies of removal and mainstream absorption and assimilation between 1930 and 1970, these lost children only saw their plight officially recognised in 1997, when the Bringing Them Home report was published by the Federal government. The victims of forced separation and migration, they have suffered serious trans-generational problems of adaptation and alienation in Australian society, which have been not only documented from the outside in the aforementioned report but also given shape from the inside of and to Indigenous-Australian literature over the last three decades. The following addresses four Indigenous Western-Australian writers within the context of the Stolen Generations, and deals particularly with the semi-biographical fiction by the Nyoongar author Kim Scott, which shows how a very liminal hybrid identity can be firmly written in place yet. Un-writing past policies of physical and ‘epistemic’ violence on the Indigenous Australian population, his fiction addresses a way of approaching Australianness from an Indigenous perspective as inclusive, embracing transculturality within the nation-space.

  11. Concept development of "compassion fatigue" in clinical nurses: Application of Schwartz-Barcott and Kim's hybrid model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdieh Sabery

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Compassion fatigue is not a new concept in nursing; yet, it is not well known and there is no fixed clear definition of the term. The ambiguity surrounding how to define compassion fatigue has challenged its measurement and evaluation. Thus, any attempt to determine attributes of this underdeveloped concept and studying it in a new socio-cultural context requires concept development. The purpose of this study is to clarify the concept of compassion fatigue through concept development and to produce a vivid and tentative definition of this concept in clinical practice. Concept development was conducted using a three-step hybrid concept analysis including theoretical, fieldwork, and final analysis phases according to Schwartz-Barcott and Kim's method. We reviewed and analyzed 48 articles that met the inclusion criteria. Following, the first author conducted 13 interviews with clinical nurses followed by an inductive content analysis. Finally, a comprehensive definition of compassion fatigue in nurses was attained. Compassion fatigue in nurses can be explained as a cumulative and progressive process of absorption of the patient’s pain and suffering formed from the sympathetic and caring interactions with the patients and their families. The physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, social, and organizational consequences of compassion fatigue are so extensive that they threaten the existential integrity of the nurse. Context-based variables (culture, family, and community such as personality features like devotion behaviors and commitment towards the patient, exposure to multiple stressors, organizational challenges, and lack of self-care are factors associated with an increased risk of compassion fatigue. Concept development of compassion fatigue is the first step in the protection of nurses against the destructive consequences of compassion fatigue and to improve quality of care.

  12. El libro como soporte de la experiencia visionaria en las profecías iluminadas de William Blake y el Libro Rojo de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Picón Bruno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo reflexionamos sobre dos obras pertenecientes al mundo moderno y contemporáneo en las que el manuscrito iluminado es utilizado como soporte de registro de la experiencia visionaria: los Libros Proféticos Iluminados de William Blake (1757-1827 y el Libro Rojo de Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961. Estos autores consideraron el manuscrito iluminado como un formato más auténtico para la transmisión de sus visiones, ya que permitía superar la dimensión puramente estética del arte y convocar una síntesis entre la materia y el espíritu propio del pensamiento simbólico del neoplatonismo del siglo xii europeo. Desde esta perspectiva, indagamos en el carácter altamente espiritual que Blake y Jung confirieron a la creación artística y a la materialidad del libro como soporte de escritura y de lectura, estableciendo algunas correspondencias con las nuevas concepciones sobre el arte elaboradas en el contexto de las vanguardias europeas del siglo xx.

  13. L’innovation en autobiographie selon Jung : une exploration du média de la bande dessinée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Pat Fong

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Depuis le succès phénoménal de Maus d’Art Spiegelman, la bande dessinée a obtenu une certaine reconnaissance dans l’institution littéraire. Jung, scénariste et dessinateur belge d’origine coréenne, partage avec nous son récit autobiographique en noir et blanc intitulé Couleur de Peau : Miel – Tome 1 (1997. Son histoire débute par le récit de son enfance comme orphelin grandissant en Corée du sud, pour être ensuite adopté par une famille belge jusqu’à l’adolescence. Avec un mélange ingénieux d’humour, de sarcasme et de drame, Jung aborde des sujets sérieux et contemporains tels que la quête d’identité, le déracinement, l’abandon, l’intégration et un sujet peu exploré et méconnu du public : l’adoption des enfants coréens par les familles des pays développés.

  14. Commentary on "Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery physician workforce issues an analysis for future specialty planning" by Kim, Cooper, and Kennedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryor, Shannon P; Brodsky, Linda; Chandrasekhar, Sujana S; Zaretsky, Lauren; Taylor, Duane J; Yaremchuk, Kathleen L; Pillsbury, Harold C

    2012-02-01

    An impending physician shortage has been projected. The article by Kim, Cooper, and Kennedy, titled "Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Physician Workforce Issues: An Analysis for Future Specialty Planning," is an attempt to evaluate and address this potential shortage as it applies to otolaryngology. The authors of this comment have concerns about the article's assumptions, design, and recommendations. Kim et al attempt to extrapolate data from other specialties and other countries to the US otolaryngology workforce, use that data in modeling methods without demonstrated validity, and based on their analysis, they recommend drastic changes to otolaryngologic training and practice in the United States. Particularly troublesome are (1) the emphasis placed on gender and part-time work and (2) the measurement of productivity defined as hours worked per week. Before redefining our specialty, more thorough and systematic data acquisition and review are necessary to meet the needs of our patients now and in the future.

  15. Seventy Years' Dance-Life of Kim Chun-heung(Abstract)%金千兴《心韶金千兴舞乐七十年》节选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金千兴; 奚治茹

    2011-01-01

    This paper,through retrospection of Kim Chun-heung's career as Korean traditional musical dance master,introduces the establishment of Korean National Music since the founding of South Korea,Kim Chun-heung Classical Dance Institute as well as Korean Masks%本文通过韩国著名传统乐舞大师金千兴先生艺术生涯的回顾,介绍了韩国建国后其大韩国乐的创建以及金千兴古典舞蹈研究所、韩国假面具保存会的开设,并通过金千兴先生恢复韩国传统宫中舞的经历介绍了韩国传统舞蹈及其保护的情况。

  16. Evaluation of objectivity, reliability and criterion validity of the key indicator method for manual handling operations (KIM-MHO), draft 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klußmann, André; Gebhardt, Hansjürgen; Rieger, Monika; Liebers, Falk; Steinberg, Ulf

    2012-01-01

    Upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders are common in the working population. The economic and social impact of such disorders is considerable. Long-time, dynamic repetitive exposure of the hand-arm system during manual handling operations (MHO) alone or in combination with static and postural effort are recognised as causes of musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders. The assessment of these manual work tasks is crucial to estimate health risks of exposed employees. For these work tasks, a new method for the assessment of the working conditions was developed and a validation study was performed. The results suggest satisfying criterion validity and moderate objectivity of the KIM-MHO draft 2007. The method was modified and evaluated again. It is planned to release a new version of KIM-MHO in spring 2012.

  17. Urinary Biomarkers KIM-1 and NGAL for Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease of Uncertain Etiology (CKDu) among Agricultural Communities in Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Silva, Pallagae Mangala C S; Mohammed Abdul, Khaja Shameem; Eakanayake, Eakanayake M D V; Jayasinghe, Sudheera Sammanthi; Jayasumana, Channa; Asanthi, Hewa Bandulage; Perera, Hettiarachigae S D; Chaminda, Gamage G Tushara; Chandana, Ediriweera P S; Siribaddana, Sisira H

    2016-09-01

    Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu) is an emerging epidemic among farming communities in rural Sri Lanka. Victims do not exhibit common causative factors, however, histopathological studies revealed that CKDu is a tubulointerstitial disease. Urine albumin or albumin-creatinine ratio is still being used as a traditional diagnostic tool to identify CKDu, but accuracy and prevalence data generated are questionable. Urinary biomarkers have been used in similar nephropathy and are widely recognised for their sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in determining CKDu and early renal injury. However, these biomarkers have never been used in diagnosing CKDu in Sri Lanka. Male farmers (n = 1734) were recruited from 4 regions in Sri Lanka i.e. Matara and Nuwara Eliya (farming locations with no CKDu prevalence) and two CKDu emerging locations from Hambantota District in Southern Sri Lanka; Angunakolapelessa (EL1) and Bandagiriya (EL2). Albuminuria (ACR ≥ 30mg/g); serum creatinine based estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); creatinine normalized urinary kidney injury molecule (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were measured. Fourteen new CKDu cases (18%) from EL1 and nine CKDu cases (9%) from EL2 were recognized for the first time from EL1, EL2 locations, which were previously considered as non-endemic of the disease and associated with persistent albuminuria (ACR ≥ 30mg/g Cr). No CKDu cases were identified in non-endemic study locations in Matara (CM) and Nuwara Eliya (CN). Analysis of urinary biomarkers showed urinary KIM-1 and NGAL were significantly higher in new CKDu cases in EL1 and EL2. However, we also reported significantly higher KIM-1 and NGAL in apparently healthy farmers in EL 1 and EL 2 with comparison to both control groups. These observations may indicate possible early renal damage in absence of persistent albuminuria and potential capabilities of urinary KIM-1 and NGAL in early detection of renal injury

  18. Can You Anchor a Shimmering Nation State via Regional Indigenous Roots? Kim Scott talks to Anne Brewster about That Deadman Dance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Brewster

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This interview focuses mainly on Kim Scott’s new novel That Deadman Dance which won the regional Commonwealth Writers Prize (Southeast Asian and Pacific region and the Miles Franklin Award. The topics of conversation include Scott’s involvement in the Noongar language project (and the relationship of this project to the novel, the novel itself, the challenges of writing in English, the resistance paradigm and indigenous sovereignty and nationalism.

  19. Beaudrie, Sara, Ducar, Cynthia, & Potowski, Kim (2014). Heritage language teaching: Research and practice. New York State, New York: McGraw Hill.

    OpenAIRE

    Florencia Henshaw

    2015-01-01

    This review introduces readers to Heritage language teaching: Research and practice, by Sara Beaudrie, Cynthia Ducar, and Kim Potowski, which is part of the “Directions in Second Language Learning” series. This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of key concepts, research findings, and pedagogical strategies to better meet the needs of heritage learners, and it underscores the importance of sociolinguistic issues and phenomena in heritage language instruction.

  20. Beaudrie, Sara, Ducar, Cynthia, & Potowski, Kim (2014. Heritage language teaching: Research and practice. New York State, New York: McGraw Hill.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Henshaw

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This review introduces readers to Heritage language teaching: Research and practice, by Sara Beaudrie, Cynthia Ducar, and Kim Potowski, which is part of the “Directions in Second Language Learning” series. This handbook offers a comprehensive overview of key concepts, research findings, and pedagogical strategies to better meet the needs of heritage learners, and it underscores the importance of sociolinguistic issues and phenomena in heritage language instruction.

  1. Sons & Lumieres / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2004-01-01

    Näitus "Hääl ja valgus" Pariisi Pompidou keskuses 22. IX 2004-3. I 2005. Väljas on 99 kunstniku (Paul Klee, Frantishek Kupka, Vassili Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Raoul Hausmann, Bill Viola, Robert Rauschenberg, Joseph Beuys, Rodney Graham jne.) tööd ajavahemikust 1910-2004. Kuraatorid Sophie Duplaix ja Marcella Lista

  2. Sons & Lumieres / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2004-01-01

    Näitus "Hääl ja valgus" Pariisi Pompidou keskuses 22. IX 2004-3. I 2005. Väljas on 99 kunstniku (Paul Klee, Frantishek Kupka, Vassili Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Raoul Hausmann, Bill Viola, Robert Rauschenberg, Joseph Beuys, Rodney Graham jne.) tööd ajavahemikust 1910-2004. Kuraatorid Sophie Duplaix ja Marcella Lista

  3. KIMS, CEDIA, and HS-CEDIA immunoassays are inadequately sensitive for detection of benzodiazepines in urine from patients treated for chronic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darragh, Alicia; Snyder, Marion L; Ptolemy, Adam S; Melanson, Stacy

    2014-01-01

    Patients treated for chronic pain may frequently undergo urine drug testing to monitor medication compliance and detect undisclosed prescribed or illicit drug use. Due to the increasing use and abuse of benzodiazepines, this class of medications is often included in drug screening panels. However, immunoassay-based methods lack the requisite sensitivity for detecting benzodiazepine use in this population primarily due to their poor cross-reactivity with several major urinary benzodiazepine metabolites. A High Sensitivity Cloned Enzyme Donor Immunoassay (HS-CEDIA), in which beta-glucuronidase is added to the reagent, has been shown to perform better than traditional assays, but its performance in patients treated for chronic pain is not well characterized. To determine the diagnostic accuracy of HS-CEDIA, as compared to the Cloned Enzyme Donor Immunoassay (CEDIA) and Kinetic Interaction of Microparticles in Solution (KIMS) screening immunoassays and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), for monitoring benzodiazepine use in patients treated for chronic pain. A study of the diagnostic accuracy of urine benzodiazepine immunoassays. The study was conducted at an academic tertiary care hospital with a clinical laboratory that performs urine drug testing for monitoring medication compliance in pain management. A total of 299 urine specimens from patients treated for chronic pain were screened for the presence of benzodiazepines using the HS-CEDIA, CEDIA, and KIMS assays. The sensitivity and specificity of the screening assays were determined using the LC-MS/MS results as the reference method. Of the 299 urine specimens tested, 141 (47%) confirmed positive for one or more of the benzodiazepines/metabolites by LC-MS/MS. All 3 screens were 100% specific with no false-positive results. The CEDIA and KIMS sensitivities were 55% (78/141) and 47% (66/141), respectively. Despite the relatively higher sensitivity of the HS-CEDIA screening assay (78%; 110

  4. Rezension von: Karin Schwiter: Lebensentwürfe. Junge Erwachsene im Spannungsfeld zwischen Individualität und Geschlechternormen. Frankfurt am Main u.a.: Campus Verlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Kahlert

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Karin Schwiter untersucht in der vorliegenden Studie, wie junge Erwachsene über ihre Zukunftspläne sprechen und welche Vorstellungen bezüglich ihrer Zukunft sie dabei entwerfen. Die Untersuchung zeichnet sich gegenüber älteren Forschungen zu diesem Thema unter anderem aus durch einen Geschlechtervergleich, die raumzeitliche Fokussierung auf die Deutschschweiz sowie ein diskursanalytisches Vorgehen in Anlehnung an Foucault. Das Ergebnis ist ein anregendes Buch, in dem die Autorin auf der Basis der Erzählungen von 24 jungen Frauen und Männern gesellschaftstheoretische Deutungen und Ausblicke entwickelt. Diese belegen, wie sich neoliberale Ideen von Individualität und fortbestehende Geschlechternormen miteinander so verschränken, dass Thematisierungen geschlechtlicher Ungleichheit kaum mehr möglich scheinen.

  5. A revolution of the mind: some implications of George Hogenson's 'The Baldwin Effect: a neglected influence on C.G. Jung's evolutionary thinking' (2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colman, Warren

    2015-09-01

    George Hogenson's 2001 paper 'The Baldwin Effect: a neglected influence on C.G. Jung's evolutionary thinking' developed the radical argument that, if archetypes are emergent, they 'do not exist in the sense that there is no place that the archetypes can be said to be'. In this paper, I show how Hogenson's thinking has been seminal to my own: it is not just archetypes but the mind itself that has no 'place'. The mind is a dynamic system, emergent from the cultural environment of symbolic meanings to which humans are evolutionarily adapted. Drawing on the work of philosopher John Searle, I argue that symbols constitute the realities that they bring forth, including the imaginal realities of the psyche. The implications for clinical work include a rejection of structural models of the psyche in favour of the emergence of symbolic realities in the context of psychoanalysis as a distributed system of cognition. © 2015, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  6. 弗洛伊德、荣格与阿德勒的释梦观比较%Comparison on Dream Interpretation Theories from Freud, Jung and Adler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐凯

    2016-01-01

    Dream interpretation is a classic technique of psychoanalysis. As the pioneers of dream interpretation, Freud, Jung and Adler have fundamentally changed perceptions about dream, furnished a whole new dimension for dream interpretation, and guided the direction of dream theories. Although Freud, Jung and Adler’s dream interpretation theories were all built on the theory of unconscious, and regarded dreams as the fast track to unconscious, they had different understandings on the nature, function, mechanism and analytic methods of dream. We should treat their dream theories differently in order to serve the practice of dream interpretation better.%释梦是精神分析的经典技术。其先驱者弗洛伊德、荣格和阿德勒从根本上改变了人们对梦的看法,开创了―个全新的心理学领域,在梦的元理论思想上一直指导着后世释梦的走向。尽管弗洛伊德、荣格与阿德勒的释梦观都建立在对无意识理解的基础上,都认可梦是通往无意识的捷径,但他们在梦的本质、功能、工作机制和解析方法上却有着不同的理解,在实践应用中也应加以区分对待,以便服务于当下的释梦实践。

  7. Urinary Biomarkers KIM-1 and NGAL for Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease of Uncertain Etiology (CKDu among Agricultural Communities in Sri Lanka.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallagae Mangala C S De Silva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu is an emerging epidemic among farming communities in rural Sri Lanka. Victims do not exhibit common causative factors, however, histopathological studies revealed that CKDu is a tubulointerstitial disease. Urine albumin or albumin-creatinine ratio is still being used as a traditional diagnostic tool to identify CKDu, but accuracy and prevalence data generated are questionable. Urinary biomarkers have been used in similar nephropathy and are widely recognised for their sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in determining CKDu and early renal injury. However, these biomarkers have never been used in diagnosing CKDu in Sri Lanka. Male farmers (n = 1734 were recruited from 4 regions in Sri Lanka i.e. Matara and Nuwara Eliya (farming locations with no CKDu prevalence and two CKDu emerging locations from Hambantota District in Southern Sri Lanka; Angunakolapelessa (EL1 and Bandagiriya (EL2. Albuminuria (ACR ≥ 30mg/g; serum creatinine based estimation of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; creatinine normalized urinary kidney injury molecule (KIM-1 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL were measured. Fourteen new CKDu cases (18% from EL1 and nine CKDu cases (9% from EL2 were recognized for the first time from EL1, EL2 locations, which were previously considered as non-endemic of the disease and associated with persistent albuminuria (ACR ≥ 30mg/g Cr. No CKDu cases were identified in non-endemic study locations in Matara (CM and Nuwara Eliya (CN. Analysis of urinary biomarkers showed urinary KIM-1 and NGAL were significantly higher in new CKDu cases in EL1 and EL2. However, we also reported significantly higher KIM-1 and NGAL in apparently healthy farmers in EL 1 and EL 2 with comparison to both control groups. These observations may indicate possible early renal damage in absence of persistent albuminuria and potential capabilities of urinary KIM-1 and NGAL in early detection of renal

  8. On the Source of Peace by Ahn Jung-geun%试析安重根和平思想之来源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩英; 李艳梅

    2016-01-01

    东洋和平思想是近代东北亚各国思想家和政客们追求地域和平的最大话题之一,福泽谕吉、柳麟锡、康有为、孙中山等先后提出了或以日本为盟主,或以中国为盟主的不同主张。其中在哈尔滨刺杀侵略中国和韩国的元凶伊藤博文而闻名天下的韩国著名反日义士——安重根在旅顺日本人的监狱里提出的“东洋和平思想”独树一帜,展示了东北亚三国平等基础下建立区域和平共同体的伟大构想,给后人留下了无限的遐想。本文主要分析安重根在批判地接受儒家大同思想的基础上,形成了自己的和的天下观。%Peace is the key to pursuing regional safety peace by the ideologists inv the East and the statesman in modern Northeast Asia, FukuzawaYukichi, Liu Linxi, Kang Youwei, and Sun Yat-sen successively put forward opinions of taking Japan or China as the leader of an alliance. While Ahn Jung-geun, the famous Korean anti-Japanese hero who killed culprit Ito Hirobumi invading China and Korea in Harbin, proposed“Oriental thought of peace”in Lvshun Japanese prison was unique showing a great notion that the Northeast Asian countries es-tablish a regional peace community based on equality, and leaving much room for meditation for the coming generations. This paper analyzes how Ahn Jung-geun received Confucian cosmopolitism critically and formed his own view of the world.

  9. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text presents the principles of the Theory of Psychological Types, the most known face of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, as well as the fundamentals of the Inventory of Personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituted from the Jungian typology, and which has been more used nowadays by Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  10. Experimental study for Yuen-Kim protocol of quantum key distribution with unconditional secure Bell's Theorem Without Inequalities for two Maximally Entangled Particles

    CERN Document Server

    Hirota, O; Sohma, M; Li Ming Wei; Tang, Z L; Liao, C C

    2002-01-01

    In this report, we simulate practical feature of Yuen-Kim protocol for quantum key distribution with unconditional secure. In order to demonstrate them experimentally by intensity modulation/direct detection(IMDD) optical fiber communication system, we use simplified encoding scheme to guarantee security for key information(1 or 0). That is, pairwise M-ary intensity modulation scheme is employed. Furthermore, we give an experimental implementation of YK protocol based on IMDD. A proof of Bell's theorem without inequalities for two maximally entangled particles is proposed using the technique of quantum teleportation. It follows Hardy's arguments for a non-maximally entangled state with the help of two auxiliary particles without correlation. The present proof can be tested by measurements with 100% probability.

  11. Changes of urinary L-FABP, KIM-1, NGAL and serum cystatin C in diabetic nephropathy and its clinical value%尿L-FABP、KIM-1、NGAL和血清cystatin C在糖尿病肾病中的变化及意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁雅灵; 杨茂君; 李衍辉; 黎秋晗; 黄炜; 徐勇

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the changes of urinary liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP),kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1),neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and serum cystatin C in diabetic nephropathy and its clinical value.Methods A total of 118 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the Department of Endocrinology of Affiliated Hospital of Sichuan Medical University from October 2011 to October 2012 were recruited in this study.According to their urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio(UACR),patients were divided into normal albuminuria group(n =45),microalbuminuria group (n =42),and macroalbuminuria group (n =43).A total of 41 healthy subjects were enrolled as normal control group(n =41).Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to measure the levels of urinary L-FABP,KIM-1 and NGAL.Turbidimetric inhibition immuno-assay was used to measure the expression of serum cystatin C.All the urinary indicators were adjusted by the level of urine creatinine.Changes of biomarkers in each group and their crrelations between UACR,eGFR were also compared.Results Compared with normal control group,urinary L-FABP and serum cystatin C were significantly increased in diabetic groups (x2 =77.959,104.003,all P < 0.05);urinary KIM-1 was also significantly increased (x2 =29.711,P < 0.05).Urinary NGAL was increased in microalbuminuria group and macroalbuminuria group compared with normal control group and normal albuminuria group(x2 =23.833,P < 0.05),but there were no significant difference between normal albuminuria group and normal control group.Urinary L-FABP,KIM-1,NGAL and serum cystatin C were positively correlated with UACR (r =0.719,0.427,0.327,0.726,all P < 0.01);while L-FABP and serum cystatin C were negatively correlated with eGFR (r =-0.301,-0.791,all P < 0.01).Conclusion Urinary L-FABP,KIM-1,NGAL and serum cystatin C are increased in early diabetic nephropathy,while urinary L-FABP and serum cystatin C may be the better biomarkers to

  12. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and occupational risk factors in Kashan SAIPA automobile industry workers by key indicator method (KIM, 1390

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: work related musculoskeletal disorders are the most wide spread type of occupational diseases among workers. Awkward body postures during work and manual material handling are among the most important risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders in different jobs. Due to importance of recognizing these factors prevalence and risk factor of work related musculoskeletal disorders, this research was aimed to study the among employees of Kashan City’s Saipa automobile industry in 2011. .Material and Method: This study is a descriptive-cross sectional study conducted among workers with manual material handling 37 activities and 84 work duties. To recognize musculoskeletal disorders, body map questionnaire was applied and occupational risk factors were evaluated using Key Index Method (KIM. Data was analyzed using SPSS and Excel software. .Result: Highest prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was in low and upper back region (%92. Based on the results from KIM, workers in the installing the tire, shuttle-aided fitting of seat, and engine work station had higher risk level with the scores of 66, 52 and 52, respectively. Risk level among three individuals (%3.6 was at 1, 40 (%47.6 at 2, 38 (%45.2 risk level 3, and 3 (%3.6 at 4. .Conclusion: Awkward body posture, improper twisting and flexion of low back were major risk factor among worker doing manual material handling tasks. Regarding the high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, appropriate ergonomic interventions such as engineering and organization interactions can reduce this risk factors (posture, heavy load, duration, workplace conditions as much as the risk level reach to an acceptable level.

  13. THE ENTROPY OF A KIM BLACK HOLE AND THE NERNST THEOREM%Kim黑洞熵与能斯特定理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵仁; 张丽春

    2001-01-01

    We start with Klein-Gordon equation on the background of the Kim black hole and calculate the free energy and entropy of a scalar field by the brick-wall method. It is shown that the entropy is not only related to the area of an outer horizon but also is a function of inner horizon's area. Taking some appr oximation, we can obtain that the entropy only is proportional to the area of an outer horizon. Further more, the entropy expressed by location parameter of the outer and inner horizon approaches zero, when the radiation temperature of a black hole approaches zero. This satisfies the Nernst theorem. It can be taken as Planck absolute entropy of a black hole.%从Kim 时空背景下的 Klein-Gordon 方程出发,利用 brick-wall 方法计算标量场的自由能和熵.得到标量场的熵不仅与黑洞的外视界面积有关,而且也是内视界面积的函数.所得结论,当取某种近似时,可得到熵只与外视界面积成正比的关系.并且表明,用内外视界位置参量表达的熵,在黑洞辐射温度趋于绝对零度时,黑洞的熵也趋于零,它满足能斯特定理,可视为黑洞的普朗克绝对熵.

  14. Transcriptional analysis of kidneys during repair from AKI reveals possible roles for NGAL and KIM-1 as biomarkers of AKI-to-CKD transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Gang Jee; Grigoryev, Dmitry N; Linfert, Douglas; Jang, Hye Ryoun; Watkins, Tonya; Cheadle, Chris; Racusen, Lorraine; Rabb, Hamid

    2010-06-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is being increasingly shown to be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but little is known about the possible mechanistic links. We hypothesized that analysis of the genomic signature in the repair stage after AKI would reveal pathways that could link AKI and CKD. Unilateral renal pedicle clamping for 45 min was performed in male C57BL/6J mice. Mice were euthanized at 3, 10, and 28 days after ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Total RNA was isolated from kidney and analyzed using an Illumina mouse array. Among 24,600 tested genes, 242, 146, and 46 genes were upregulated at days 3, 10, and 28 after IRI, and 85, 35, and 0 genes were downregulated, respectively. Gene ontology analysis showed that gene expression changes were primarily related to immune and inflammatory pathways both early and late after AKI. The most highly upregulated genes late after AKI were hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 (Havcr1) and lipocalin 2 (Lcn2), which code for kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), respectively. This was unexpected since they are both primarily potential biomarkers of the early stage of AKI. Furthermore, increases observed in gene expression in amiloride binding protein 1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and endothelin 1 could explain the salt-sensitive hypertension that can follow AKI. These data suggested that 1) persistent inflammation and immune responses late after AKI could contribute to the pathogenesis of CKD, 2) late upregulation of KIM-1 and NGAL could be a useful marker for sustained renal injury after AKI, and 3) hypertension-related gene changes could underlie mechanisms for persistent renal and vascular injury after AKI.

  15. Bion and C.G. Jung. How did the container-contained model find its thinker? The fate of a cryptomnesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Christian

    2016-04-01

    This paper investigates the possible impact of C.G. Jung's Tavistock Lectures on Bion's concept of the living container. In the first part of the paper, the author offers clues pointing to such an essential impact, which can be found in text passages as well as in the facts of the Bion-Beckett case, up to and including Bion's first publication of 'The imaginary twin'. The author suggests that cryptomnesia is the result of repression targeting a highly cathected author's communication which functions like a deep interpretation for the recipient, whose new theory then is a return of the repressed content as well as a transformation of it. The second part of the paper investigates the fate of the assumed cryptomnesia. From this point of view Bion's concept of the container in itself appears to be the result of growth in the container-contained mode. Finally the author deals with the question whether cryptomnesia in psychoanalytical literature can frequently be seen as the result of psychic growth.

  16. The Charm of Psychoanalytic Aesthetics--A Glimpse to Jung' s Aesthetics%精神分析美学的魅力--容格美学掠影

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵士林

    2005-01-01

    @@ 一、容格美学思想的心理学基础 作为一位心理学家,容格(Carl Gustav Jung,1875-1961)的美学思想完全衍生于他的心理学理论,是他运用心理学理论分析神话乃至文学艺术的成果;容格的美学思想又是容格心理学理论的重要支柱,因为他的重要的心理学贡献往往从美学分析与艺术分析入手.因此,要了解容格的美学思想,需先了解他的与之相关的心理学理论,而了解容格的美学思想又是了解容格心理学的不可或缺的途径.

  17. "The Day All of the Different Parts of Me Can Come Along": Intersectionality and U.S. Third World Feminism in the Poetry of Pat Parker and Willyce Kim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Ausdall, Mimi Iimuro

    2015-01-01

    This article brings to light the poetry of Pat Parker and Willyce Kim, two key figures within the 1970s and '80s women in print movement. While Parker and Kim have been rightly placed within African-American and Asian-American histories, respectively, and working-class and lesbian-feminist literary histories, their work is most fully understood within the context of U.S. Third World Feminism. Through close readings of poetic form and content in addition to engagement with current debates about intersectionality as a methodology, the article links Kim and Parker's works to central contributions of U.S. Third World Feminism such as intersectionality and power across and within difference that continue to influence feminist theory today.

  18. 尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平在脓毒症急性肾损伤早期诊断中的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许建宁; 徐玉辉; 蓝海兵

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平在脓毒症急性肾损伤(AKI)早期诊断中的临床意义.方法 前瞻性的收集综合ICU的脓毒症患者91例,其中38例合并AKI,通过检测患者尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平及血肌酐及尿素氨水平变化,对尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平与血肌酐及尿素氮进行相关性分析,通过绘制受试者工作特征曲线(ROC),计算尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平在早期诊断脓毒症合并AKI中的敏感性及特异性.结果 观察组患者与对照组相比,尿NGAL、L-FABP水平在诊断前48 h即出现显著升高(P<0.05),尿KIM-1水平在在诊断前24 h即出现显著升高(P<0.05);尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平与血肌酐、尿素氮呈正相关性;ROC曲线分析发现,诊断前24h,尿NGAL、L-FABP水平在诊断脓毒症合并AKI时具有较高的敏感性及特异性,诊断前0h,尿KIM-1水平在诊断脓毒症合并AKI时具有较高的敏感性及特异性.结论 尿NGAL、KIM-1、L-FABP水平均在脓毒症早期出现显著升高,可以作为脓毒症AKI早期诊断的指标.

  19. Protein Degradation in a TX-TL Cell-free Expression System Using ClpXP Protease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-14

    1! Protein degradation in a TX-TL cell-free expression system using ClpXP protease AUTHORS: Zachary Z. Sun1, Jongmin Kim1, Vipul Singhal2...COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Protein Degradation in a TX-TL Cell-free Expression System Using ClpXP Protease 5a...equipment and expertise or demand lower reaction throughput. We explored the possibility of supplementing TX-TL with ClpXP, an AAA+ protease

  20. 尿KIM-1对心脏术后急性肾损伤的早期诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余春俊; 龚明辉; 谭劲淘; 涂星强; 王涛; 邹小明

    2014-01-01

    目的:评估尿肾损伤分子1(KIM-1)在心脏术后急性肾损伤(AKI)早期诊断中的应用价值。方法通过计算机检索Medline、Cochrane图书馆、EMBASE、Web of Science Database、Elsevier Science Direct Database、 CNKI、VIP数据库、万方数据库,查阅KIM-1早期诊断心脏术后AKI的临床试验,采用诊断精确性研究的质量评估方法(QUADAS)评价文献质量,Stata12.0和Meta-Disc1.4软件进行数据分析。结果共纳入9篇符合标准的诊断性研究,QUADAS得分均﹥9分,Spearman异质性检验r=0.622、 P=0.074,发表偏倚Egger线性回归法定量分析P=0.001;敏感性分析的合并敏感度为0.87(95%CI为0.81~0.92)、P=0.5776、I2=0,特异度为0.78(95%CI为0.74~0.81)、P=0.000、I2=87.1%,阳性似然比为4.07(95%CI为2.70~7.12)、P=0.000、I2=78.2%,阴性似然比为0.19(95%CI为0.13~0.28)、P=0.7303、I2=0.0%,诊断比值比为28.03(95%CI为15.95~49.27)、P=0.8640、I2=0,汇总受试者工作曲线下面积(AUC)为0.9155。结论尿KIM-1在心脏术后(6~12h)诊断AKI的准确性较高。

  1. Urinary Vitamin D Binding Protein and KIM-1 Are Potent New Biomarkers of Major Adverse Renal Events in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyubov Chaykovska

    Full Text Available Vitamin-D-binding protein (VDBP is a low molecular weight protein that is filtered through the glomerulus as a 25-(OH vitamin D 3/VDBP complex. In the normal kidney VDBP is reabsorbed and catabolized by proximal tubule epithelial cells reducing the urinary excretion to trace amounts. Acute tubular injury is expected to result in urinary VDBP loss. The purpose of our study was to explore the potential role of urinary VDBP as a biomarker of an acute renal damage.We included 314 patients with diabetes mellitus or mild renal impairment undergoing coronary angiography and collected blood and urine before and 24 hours after the CM application. Patients were followed for 90 days for the composite endpoint major adverse renal events (MARE: need for dialysis, doubling of serum creatinine after 90 days, unplanned emergency rehospitalization or death.Increased urine VDBP concentration 24 hours after contrast media exposure was predictive for dialysis need (no dialysis: 113.06 ± 299.61 ng/ml, n = 303; need for dialysis: 613.07 ± 700.45 ng/ml, n = 11, Mean ± SD, p<0.001, death (no death during follow-up: 121.41 ± 324.45 ng/ml, n = 306; death during follow-up: 522.01 ± 521.86 ng/ml, n = 8; Mean ± SD, p<0.003 and MARE (no MARE: 112.08 ± 302.00 ng/ml, n = 298; MARE: 506.16 ± 624.61 ng/ml, n = 16, Mean ± SD, p<0.001 during the follow-up of 90 days after contrast media exposure. Correction of urine VDBP concentrations for creatinine excretion confirmed its predictive value and was consistent with increased levels of urinary Kidney Injury Molecule-1 (KIM-1 and baseline plasma creatinine in patients with above mentioned complications. The impact of urinary VDBP and KIM-1 on MARE was independent of known CIN risk factors such as anemia, preexisting renal failure, preexisting heart failure, and diabetes.Urinary VDBP is a promising novel biomarker of major contrast induced nephropathy-associated events 90 days after contrast media exposure.

  2. BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES FOR CONSERVATION OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES Crambe koktebelica (JUNGE N. BUSCH AND EFFECT OF ASEPTIC IN VITRO CULTIVATION ON ITS BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pushkarova

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to establish efficient protocols of seed surface sterilization with further multiplication in vitro for threatened species Crambe koktebelica (Junge N. Busch and to show the effect of biotechnological approach (in vitro cultivation of biodiversity conservation on plants biochemical properties. Seed surface sterilization was carried out according to the original method with further microclonal multiplication of aseptic sprouts from lateral buds on the Murashige and Skoog (MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of growth regulators. Fatty acid content was determined using Gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry of fatty acid ethers. Antioxidant activity was determined using 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging method. Total soluble protein content was measured using Bradford method and polyfructan content determination was based upon ketosugars ability to color in the acidic environment with resorcinol. Plants that were grown under in vitro and in vivo conditions and seeds were used in this research. Efficient protocol of surface sterilization that resulted in 45% of aseptic seed material 50% of which has sprouted was elaborated for C. koktebelica as well as fast microclonal multiplication methods that provided with up to 5.25 ± 0.50 new formed plantlets from 1 lateral bud (on the MS medium that contained 1 mg/L of 6-benzylaminopurine. It was also shown that aseptic cultivation benefits to saturated fatty acid accumulation and increases protein content but on the other hand it reduces unsaturated fatty acid amount and polyfructan content as well as antioxidant activity of plant material. Obtained data confirms the prospect of biotechnology approach to biodiversity conservation and suggest the necessity of father in vitro cultivation effect on biochemical composition of plant study.

  3. Study on the Muon Background in the Underground Laboratory of KIMS%KIMS地下实验中μ子本底的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱敬军; S.S.Myung; M.J.Lee; S.C.Kim; S.K.Kim; J.I.Lee; Y.D.Kim; M.J.Hwang; Y.J.Kwon; I.S.Hahn; H.J.Kim; 康克军; 李元景; 李金; J.W.Kwak; H.Bhang; S.Y.Kim; H.S.Lee; J.Lee

    2005-01-01

    KIMS是寻找和研究暗物质WIMP的实验组.在WIMP寻找实验中,μ子是十分重要的一种本底.我们对地下700m深的Yangyang实验室内的μ子通量进行了测量.介绍了μ子探测器的结构和性能测试.描述了对μ子入射位置和角度分布的分析,并进行了蒙特卡罗模拟.实验室内的μ子通量测量值为(7.0±0.4)×10-8/s/cm2/sr.%KIMS is a group aiming at the search for WIMP. In WIMP search experiment, the muon is one important background. We measure the muon flux in Yangyang laboratory where is located at 700m underground. The structure and performance test of muon detector is described. The analysis on muon hit position and angle distribution has been performed. The simulations of muon flux have been done. The muon flux in the laboratory is found to be about (7.0±0.4)×10-8/s/cm2/sr.

  4. Evaluation of KIMS immunoassays on a cobas c 501 analyzer for drugs of abuse and ethyl glucuronide testing in urine for forensic abstinence control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neukamm, Merja A; Bahrami, Arsham; Auwärter, Volker; Mehne, Felix M P; Höss, Eva

    2016-12-26

    For the medico-psychological assessment (MPA) during driving licence re-granting in Germany, abstinence control including urine samples is required. In these programmes, even small amounts of markers for drug or alcohol abuse have to be detected. Thus, the concentrations of the target compounds are very low, and, in consequence, the sensitivity of the applied screening method has to be much higher than for clinical use. Modified drugs of abuse and ethyl glucuronide immunoassays on a Roche cobas c 501 analyzer were evaluated for precision, accuracy, onboard calibration stability, cross reactivity, sensitivity, and specificity using authentic urine samples. Precision (intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviation (RSD) and accuracy (bias) at three concentrations were 12% or lower for all parameters. The calibrations remained stable (deviations amphetamines (21 days). Satisfactory cross reactivity was determined for the relevant analytes and also for several new psychoactive substances (NPS). The sensitivity was 100% for all parameters except methadone metabolite EDDP (92%) and fully met the sensitivity criteria for MPA urine testing. The presented kinetic interaction of microparticles in a solution (KIMS) immunoassays on a cobas c 501 thus provide a new method to reliably detect drug or alcohol consumption in abstinence control programmes requiring high sensitivity. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Nam obeshtshajut peregrev / Kim Kosmatshov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kosmatshov, Kim

    2006-01-01

    Ajakirjas The Economist ilmunud artiklist, milles käsitletakse Eesti ja Läti majandusedu ning viidatakse võimalikele ohtudele tulevikus. Peamiseks probleemiks nimetatakse mõlema riigi puhul inflatsiooni kasvu

  6. Nam obeshtshajut peregrev / Kim Kosmatshov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kosmatshov, Kim

    2006-01-01

    Ajakirjas The Economist ilmunud artiklist, milles käsitletakse Eesti ja Läti majandusedu ning viidatakse võimalikele ohtudele tulevikus. Peamiseks probleemiks nimetatakse mõlema riigi puhul inflatsiooni kasvu

  7. A Psicologia da Religião Ocidental e Oriental: a influência do círculo de Eranos no atendimento da religião na perspectiva de Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Henrique Lemos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available LEMOS, Luiz Henrique. A Psicologia da religião Ocidental e Oriental: a influência do círculo de Eranos no atendimento da religião na perspectiva de Carl Gustav Jung. 2013. 127f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências da Religião – Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte.

  8. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. Palavras-chave Psicologia analítica; Teorias da personalidade; Tipos psi...

  9. The Protective Effect of the Ethanol Leaf Extract of Andrographis Paniculata on Cisplatin-Induced Acute Kidney Injury in Rats Through nrf2/KIM-1 Signalling Pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeoye, Bisi Olajumoke; Asenuga, Ebunoluwa Racheal; Oyagbemi, Ademola Adetokunbo; Omobowale, Temidayo Olutayo; Adedapo, Adeolu A

    2017-09-12

    The ethanol leaf extract of Andrographis paniculata was used to ameliorate the renal toxicity induced by cisplatin in 28 rats divided into four groups of seven rats per group. Group A received normal saline for the duration of the experiment. Group B animals were treated with cisplatin (10 mg/kg i.p) on day 1 and 3 days after received normal saline for the next 7 days while groups C and D animals also received 10 mg/kg dose of cisplatin on day 1 but after 3 days were then respectively treated with 200 and 400 mg/kg doses of the extract of Andrographis paniculata for the remaining 7 days through oral administration. Serum chemistry was used for the determination of markers of oxidative stress, anti-oxidant enzymes, serum biomarkers etc. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry were also carried out. Results showed that all oxidative stress markers assayed were significantly increased in group B animals but reverse is the case for groups C and D. On the other hand, antioxidant enzymes assayed experienced significant increase for groups C and D while these parameters experienced significant decrease for group B animals. Histopathology showed severe infiltration of inflammatory cells into renal tissues of group B animals whereas for groups C and D animals, only moderate glomerular degeneration was noted. In immunohistochemistry, while there is higher expression of KIM-1 for group B, there was a lower expression in groups C and D. Again, there was lower expression of Nrf2 for group B but higher expressions in groups C and D animals. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. Euro on teel / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2005-01-01

    Reet Varblase kureeritud näitus "Oma raha" Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis 12. XI-4. XII. Gints Gabransi videotest, Jaan Jaanisoo masin-installatsioonist, Siim-Tanel Annuse tööst. 2. XII galeriis toimunud kunstnike, kultuurihuviliste ja rahamaailma esindajate (Eesti Panga asepresident Rein Minka, endine president Vahur Kraft, rahandusministri nõuniku kt Veiko Valkiainen) kohtumisest

  11. Euro on teel / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2005-01-01

    Reet Varblase kureeritud näitus "Oma raha" Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis 12. XI-4. XII. Gints Gabransi videotest, Jaan Jaanisoo masin-installatsioonist, Siim-Tanel Annuse tööst. 2. XII galeriis toimunud kunstnike, kultuurihuviliste ja rahamaailma esindajate (Eesti Panga asepresident Rein Minka, endine president Vahur Kraft, rahandusministri nõuniku kt Veiko Valkiainen) kohtumisest

  12. External Causes to Tashi's Self Realization from Jung's Archetypal Theory%从非我到自我--荣格原型理论视角下塔希自我实现外因探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 阮明月

    2016-01-01

    Jung's Archetypal Theory put forward in the 20th century has had huge impact on social sciences. American black female writer Alice Walker and her Possessing the Secret of Joy have been pro-foundly affected by Jung, which describes the growing process of the protagonist Tashi after receiving tribal genital circumcision. Based on Jung's Archetypal Theory, Tashi's self awakening should be attributed to the enlightenment, guidance and assistance of a few essential characters in the novel. For instance, the power of shadow embodied in M'Lissa who practices circumcision, the image of wise man reflected in the psy-choanalysts Carl and Raye, and the self archetype in androgynous Pierre. They have worked together to lead her to fulfill her self wholeness and achieve harmony eventually.%荣格博士于20世纪提出的原型理论对人文科学产生了巨大影响,美国黑人女作家艾丽斯·沃克代表作《拥有快乐的秘密》的创作深受其原型理论影响。作品讲述了女主人公塔希在惨遭部落割礼迫害后寻求自我完整的成长历程,依据荣格原型理论,塔希的觉醒与自我实现离不开小说中其他角色的启发、引导与帮助:行割礼者穆丽莎呈现出阴影的力量,提供了令塔希警醒的反面范式;心理分析师卡尔和莱伊代表了智者的形象,对塔西循循善诱;具有双性同体特质的皮埃尔展现出完整的自性原型,他们指引塔希从对抗最终走向了和谐。

  13. Kant en los problemas de filosofía de la mente contemporánea entre D. Davidson y J. Kim: un argumento a favor del Monismo Anómalo

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Gómez, José Nicolás

    2016-01-01

    El Monismo Anómalo que Donald Davidson postuló como posible derrotero a propósito de los problemas latentes en filosofía de la mente contemporánea ha sido víctima de serias críticas, en especial aquellas planteadas por Jaegwon Kim. Sin embargo, una lectura que incluya las referencia que Davidson hizo del proyecto que Kant desarrolló en la Tercera Antinomia de la Razón Pura puede servir para ofrecer una lectura a favor de su proyecto.

  14. Kim Brandt, Kingdom of Beauty: Mingei and the Politics of Folk Art in Imperial Japan (Le royaume de la beauté : le Mingei et la politique de l’art populaire dans le Japon impérial

    OpenAIRE

    Sablé-Denans, Nadia

    2014-01-01

    L’exposition proposée par le Musée du quai Branly en 2008-2009 sur les objets et l’esthétique mingei a donné l’occasion de parcourir les derniers ouvrages parus sur le sujet. La monographie de Kim Brandt, professeure associée en histoire japonaise à l’Université Columbia, mérite sa place parmi ces lectures. Chronologiquement organisé, Kingdom of Beauty expose l’histoire du mouvement pour les Arts populaires de ses origines, dans les années 1920, à la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, en lien...

  15. On Films Directed by Ki-duk Kim and Dual Cultural Context in Criticism%金基德电影及批评的二元文化语境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴媛媛

    2015-01-01

    By adopting symbolic signs in his independent films, Ki-duk Kim combines mysteries in Eastern culture and rational reflection in Western culture. He aims at the western European market, and attempts to impose Eastern cultural elements to the Westerners, causing a wide range of criticism made by criticizers in his own country. By an analysis of the films directed by Ki-duk Kim, it is proposed that the dual cultural context makes it possible that people can expect the co-existence of multi-cultural elements.%金基德的独立电影通常采用符号化的象征手法,将东方文化的神性感知与西方文化的理性反思融合在一起。他立足于西欧市场,试图把东方文化元素贩卖到西方去,这看似一种国际视野,却惹来本土批论家的一片唏嘘。综观金基德的电影创作及批评接受,二元文化语境的双重叙事,为实现多元文化的通约共存,提供了一种理论预设和期待可能性。

  16. Allan B. Chinen, ...e foram felizes para sempre: contos de fadas para adultos (in the ever after - fairy tales and the second half of life, 1989), interpretados segundo as teorias psicodinâmicas do desenvolvimento humano postuladas por Carl G. Jung e Erik Erikson, tradução de Cecília Casas, São Paulo, Cultrix, 1997, 183 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Notas e recensões sobre Allan B. Chinen, ...e foram felizes para sempre: contos de fadas para adultos (in the ever after - fairy tales and the second half of life, 1989), interpretados segundo as teorias psicodinâmicas do desenvolvimento humano postuladas por Carl G. Jung e Erik Erikson, tradução de Cecília Casas, São Paulo, Cultrix, 1997, 183 pp.

  17. The Analysis of Amir ’s Growth Based on the Jung's Archetype Theory%基于荣格原型理论的阿米尔成长解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许吟雪

    2016-01-01

    成长小说是美国文学的重要组成部分,一直作为文学、教育学、心理学研究和关注的热点。文章选取胡赛尼的小说《追风筝的人》作为研究对象,结合心理学家荣格的原型理论,从童年、青年、中年三个时期来分析主人公阿米尔重新认识自己,人格逐渐完整,并寻求自我救赎的成长历程。研究旨在深刻剖析原型对人心理成长的影响,为成长小说的研究提供一个崭新的视角。%Initiation novel is an important part of American literature, which has been a hot topic in literature, education and psychology research. Based on the psychologist Carl Jung's archetype theory, this thesis analyzes Amir’s growth in The Kite Runner, divided into three periods from childhood to middle-aged. The growth process includes new understanding of their own, gradually complete personality, and self salvation. This research aims at giving a profound analysis of human psychological developmentinfluenced by archetypes and providing a new perspective for initiation novel.

  18. Interpretation of the Criminal LU Yan-shi from Carl Jung's Archetypal Theory%以荣格的原型理论解读《陆犯焉识》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪倩秋

    2012-01-01

    严歌苓首次以男性为主角写作了《陆犯焉识》,描写了民国直到解放初期中国知识分子几十年兴起落寞的历史。笔者主要以荣格的人格面具(the persona)、阿尼玛(anima)和阿尼玛斯(animus)、阴影(the shadow)以及自性(the shelf)原型理论对《陆犯焉识》进行解读,分析其动人爱情的伟大缘由,洞悉人性的矛盾、复杂,探索了"自性化"回归的可行性。%Using male protagonist,YAN Ge-ling creates the Criminal LU Yan-shi for her first time to describe Chinese intellectuals' stories of success and failure from 1912 to early periods of China.Based on Jung's archetype theory,this paper mainly uses the following prototypes,persona(the persona),animal(anima) and Arnie Mars(animus),the shadow(the shadow) and self(the shelf) to interpret the novel,analyzes the reason of love and the contradictions of human nature,and explores the possibility of self regression.

  19. The significance of urine microscopy and urinary kidney injury molecular 1 and neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin in patients with primary kidney disease complicated with acute tubular interstitial lesion%尿沉渣联合尿KIM-1、NGAL在诊断原发性肾脏病合并急性肾小管间质病变中的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘亚红; 苑丽华

    2015-01-01

    目的 观察原发性慢性肾脏病(CKD)合并急性肾小管间质病变(ATIL)时尿沉渣积分情况和尿肾损伤因子1(KIM-1)、中性粒细胞明胶酶相关脂质运载蛋白(NGAL)水平的变化,以期早期、准确发现ATIL.方法 经临床和病理确诊为CKD并发ATIL病例52例,对照组为无急性肾损伤(AKI)的原发性CKD患者33例,15例健康人为正常对照组.比较三组尿KIM-1、NGAL水平与尿沉渣积分的不同.结果 ①三组的尿KIM-1、NGAL水平和尿沉渣积分相比较,原发性CKD并发ATIL患者均高于其他两组(P<0.05),无AKI的CKD患者高于健康对照组(P<0.05);②尿KIM-1、NGAL水平与尿沉渣评分呈正相关(r=0.711,0.683,P<0.05),三者又均与CKD患者的ATIL严重程度呈正相关(r=0.892,0.735,0.745,P<0.05);③N-乙酰-β-D-氨基葡萄糖苷酶(NAG)、视黄醇结合蛋白(RBP)和α1-微球蛋白(α1-MG)尚在正常范围的患者尿KIM-1、NGAL水平已有升高,肾脏组织病理证实存在不同程度的ATIL;④尿KIM-1、NGAL、光抑素C(CysC)、NAG诊断ATIL的ROC曲线下面积大于尿RBP、α1-MG.尿沉渣诊断ATIL的受试者工作(ROC)曲线下面积为84%.尿KIM-1、NGAL联合尿沉渣积分诊断ATIL的准确性达100%.结论 尿沉渣联合尿KIM-1、NGAL可作为诊断原发性CKD并发ATIL的早期、无创、敏感的指标.%Objectives We explored urinary sediment scoring on the basis of the number of renal tubular epithelial cells and granular casts and the urinary level of KIM-1 and NGAL in patients with primary and chronic kidney disease (CKD) complicated with acute tubular interstitial lesion(ATIL),in order to find tubular interstitial injury early and accurately.Methods Data of 52 cases of primary CKD with ATIL and of 33 cases of CKD without acute kidney injury (AKI)admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Xingtai Medical College from February 2012 to February 2013 were analyzed.Urinary sediment scoring on the basis of the number of renal tubular epithelial

  20. Müüt vaesuse ja terrorismi seostest on purunemas / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Uuringud näitavad, et vaesus ega hariduse puudumine pole terrorismi põhjuseks. Vt. samas: Ütlused: Nobeli rahupreemia laureaadid Elie Wiesel ja Kim Dae Jung; Chiquita rahastas terroriste; Põhja-Iirimaa terrorism

  1. Ajateenistusest, ausalt! / Kim Järvepõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvepõld, Kim

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 9. apr. 2007, lk. 7. Autor leiab, et põhiseaduslik nõue, mille järgi on kõik Eesti kodanikud kohustatud osa võtma riigikaitsest, pole vastavuses tegeliku olukorraga, ning arvab, et kohustuslik ajateenistus tuleb kaotada või viia kooskõlla põhiseadusega

  2. Ajateenistusest, ausalt! / Kim Järvepõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvepõld, Kim

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 9. apr. 2007, lk. 7. Autor leiab, et põhiseaduslik nõue, mille järgi on kõik Eesti kodanikud kohustatud osa võtma riigikaitsest, pole vastavuses tegeliku olukorraga, ning arvab, et kohustuslik ajateenistus tuleb kaotada või viia kooskõlla põhiseadusega

  3. Retarderi na teškim vozilima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joško Rapanić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of all the braking systems fitted in vehicles isto reduce the speed, as well as to keep them at a standstill. Inorder to increase the active road traffic safety, the experts inthe leading vehicle manufacturer companies are trying from day to day to find a more efficient solution of the highest possiblequality. Braking problems, i.e. problems of stopping the vehiclesare closely related to time, forces, momentum, mass andother physical quantities. This is best seen in the braking ofheavy duty vehicles, trucks, buses, where the braking efficacyis questionable due to high inertia forces caused by heavyweight and more recently relatively high speeds. Such vehiclesare fitted with system of brakes that operate on compressed airor combination of pneumatics and hydraulics, since the driverhas not got enough power to achieve appropriate braking effect.However, the biggest problems occur by trucks runningdownhill, when the braking system is operated continuously fora longer period of time. This causes heating and overheating ofthe system elements ("fading", thus reducing the braking effect.In extreme cases, particularly if the system is poorly maintained,it can eventually fail completely.Because of the mentioned reasons for difficulties in brakingof trucks, such vehicles have been recently fitted with anauxiliary slow-down system. This system is completely independentfromthe main one on the wheels and is used exclusivelyfor slowing down or for maintaining of speed.

  4. MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF CSOM AT KIMS - AMALAPURAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND In India, Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM is a major public-health problem with a high-prevalence rate. Several organisms have been implicated in the causation of CSOM, posing a challenge to the management. This is further complicated by the problem of emerging antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. OBJECTIVE We undertook the present study to identify the causative organisms in CSOM and their susceptibility patterns to antibiotics in a rural teaching hospital in South India. METHODS A total number of 100 ear swabs were bacteriologically investigated for the present study. All the swabs collected from patients with clinical diagnosis of CSOM visiting the ENT outpatient department of a rural teaching hospital from December 2014 to May 2015. All these are new patients who did not have recent treatment with antibiotics either locally or systemically. Another group of 30 ear swabs were collected from healthy individuals with no history of ear discharged for control study. RESULTS Of the 100 patients, 45 were males. Out of 100 swabs cultured, 95% were culture positive and 5% were culture negative. Of the culture positive cases, 70% were aerobes, 25% were anaerobes and 5% sterile. Further, of the 99% culture positive cases, gram positive isolates were 22(31.42% and gram negative isolates were 48(68.57%. The isolated organisms were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=26; 37.15%, Staphylococcus aureus (n=15; 21.43%, Klebsiella pneumonia (n=12; 17.15%, Proteus spp. (n=6; 8.57%, Escherichia coli (n=4; 5.72%, Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (n=5; 7.14%, Streptococcus pyogenes (n=1; 1%, Streptococcus pneumoniae (n=1; 1%, Bacteroides (n=13; 52%, peptostreptococcus (n=11; 44% and Fusobacterium (n=1; 4%. When antibiotic susceptibility was assessed, organisms were most susceptible to amikacin, followed by g the Antibiotics tested for sensitivity of the Isolates Amikacin stands first followed by Gentamicin and Ciprofloxacin. CONCLUSION CSOM is a serious condition, which is the most common cause of hearing loss, especially in the developing world. In our study, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most common causative organism, and amikacin seemed to be the most effective antibiotic with low resistance rates.

  5. Effects of BmKIM on sodium current of isolated cardiomyocytes, transmembrane action potential and aconitine induced arrhythmia in vivo in rabbits%东亚钳蝎毒素多肽对家兔心室肌细胞钠电流和在体动作电位的影响以及抗心律失常作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王腾; 黄从新; 江洪; 唐其柱; 杨波; 李庚山

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨基因表达得到重组的东亚钳蝎毒素多肽(BmKXM)对家兔单个心室肌细胞钠电流(INa)和在体动作电位的影响,以及对抗乌头碱诱发的心律失常电活动的作用.方法 用酶解法分离家兔心室肌细胞,全细胞膜片钳技术记录所需INa.采用浮置式玻璃微电极记录在体心肌细胞跨膜动作电位,并监测体表心电图.结果 (1)BmKIM 能明显抑制心肌细胞INa,使INa的电流-电压(I-V)曲线显著上移,但I-V曲线的形态没有发生改变.BmKIM使失活曲线显著左移,50%的INa失活电压分别由用药前的(-70.8±2.6)mV变为(-84.84±3.5)mV(P<0.05).在BmKIM作用下,心肌细胞INa失活后恢复时间明显延长,用药前快、慢恢复时间常数(Tf和Ts)分别是(28.9±6.1)ms和(107±21.6)me,给予BmKIM后,τf和τs分别是(54.2±7.9)ms(P<0.05)和(211.1±34.6)ms(P<0.01).(2)BmKIM 能明显改变记录在体心肌细胞跨膜动作电位时程(APD)和幅度(APA)以及最大上升速率(Vmax),使APD50和APD90都明显缩短,APA和Vmax显著减小.心电图上表现为QT间期缩短,心率明显加快.(3)乌头碱能明显触发后除极,诱发室件心动过速(室速),动作电位上表现为早期后除极和(或)延迟后除极.相对心电图上表现为插入性室性早搏或尖端扭转型室速(发生率为77.8%).BmKIM能明显降低乌头碱诱发的心律失常发生率(22.2%,P<0.01),更不能触发室速.结论 BmKIM对兔的心室肌细胞,INa有明显的抑制作用,这种抑制作用是通过与失活态的钠通道结合而发挥生理学效应,BmKIM 可抑制形成动作电位的钠离子内流,对抗乌头碱所致的心律失常发生,为开发具有选择性直接针对钠通道的阻滞剂BmKIM的应用前景打下基础.%Objective To investigate the effects of recombinant BmKIM (poly-peptide derived from Asian Scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch) on the sodium current (INa) of isolated ventricular myocytes,transmembrane action potential and aconitine induced

  6. 丁宁对阵韩国削球选手金景娥的技战术效果研究%Study on Technical and Tactical Effect of DING Ning While Fighting with KIM Kyungah

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭德兵

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法、数理统计法、专家访谈法、录像观察法、乒乓球技战术三段指标评估等方法,对我国优秀乒乓球运动员丁宁对阵韩国削球选手金景娥的比赛录像视频进行了技战术效果的统计分析。结果显示:丁宁在发球抢和接发球抢攻段中技战术运用效果欠佳,主要表现在三、五板和二、四板球的衔接不够流畅;在相持段中整体的技战术运用的较为灵活、多样,并取得了良好的效果,但在处理对搓的过渡球及多回合的相持球上耐心和信心都有待提高。%By using the method of literature review, mathematical statistics, expert interview, video observation and the table tennis three sections of index evaluation, this paper studies the Chinese excellent table tennis player DING Ning's technical and tactical effect of chopping technique when against Kim Kyungah. The result shows that DING Ning' s spiral, placement and the treatment of neutral ball in serves snatches and receive -attack seg- ment are unconscionable. The changes of DING Ning' s loops ( spin speed ) in rally part gain control over the game and the effect is good. However, the psychological compressive capacity needs to be improved.

  7. Urinary tubular protein-based biomarkers in the rodent model of cisplatin nephrotoxicity: a comparative analysis of serum creatinine, renal histology, and urinary KIM-1, NGAL, and NAG in the initiation, maintenance, and recovery phases of acute kidney injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Vikash; Vence, Luis M; Salahudeen, Abdulla K

    2013-03-01

    Several biomarkers are becoming available for the early detection of acute kidney injury (AKI), but few have been directly compared. To compare urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and N-acetyl glucosaminidase (NAG) against serum creatinine and renal histological score in the initiation, maintenance, and recovery phases of cisplatin (CP)-induced AKI. Sprague-Dawley rats (300-350 g) were injected once through their tail veins with CP (CP group) at 5.5 mg/kg or with same volume of normal saline vehicle (Control group). Rats were euthanized at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours, and on days 2, 3, 6, and 10 (n = 12 in the CP group and n = 6 in the Control group at each time point), and urine, blood, and kidney samples were analyzed. A significant increase in serum creatinine was noted by day 3 in the CP group versus Control group [1.46 (0.12) vs 0.28 (0.03) mg/dL; mean (SE); P CP group. Urinary kidney injury molecule-1 levels were significantly higher at 24 hours in the CP group than in the Control group [48.26 (13.13) vs 8.21 (3.31) pg/mg creatinine; P CP than in the Control group [NAG, 8.19 (0.82) vs 3.48 (0.40) pg/mg creatinine, P G 0.05; NGAL, 2911.80 (368.10) vs 1412.60 (250.20) pg/mg creatinine, P CP to discern the time course and pattern of expression.

  8. Titanium dioxide induces apoptotic cell death through reactive oxygen species-mediated Fas upregulation and Bax activation

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon TH; Kim MJ; Suh YJ; Lim EJ; Kim RK; Woo SJ; Hyun KH; Kwon DW; Yoon CH; Yoo KC; Lee SJ

    2012-01-01

    Ki-Chun Yoo1, Chang-Hwan Yoon1, Dongwook Kwon2, Kyung-Hwan Hyun1, Soo Jung Woo1, Rae-Kwon Kim1, Eun-Jung Lim1, Yongjoon Suh1, Min-Jung Kim1, Tae Hyun Yoon2, Su-Jae Lee11Laboratory of Molecular Biochemistry, 2Laboratory of Nanoscale Characterization and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of KoreaBackground: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been widely used in many areas, including biomedicine, cosmetics, and environmental engineering. Recently, it ...

  9. Determination of antidepressant activity of Cyperus rotundus L ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Jinan, 250012, 2Department of Psychology, People's Hospital of Linyi City, Linyi, ... Methods: A rat model of depression was prepared for behavioral tests including tail ... Monoamine oxidize A (MAO) assay was commenced in rats after 14-day administration. ..... Lim DW, Jung JW, Park JH, Baek NI, Kim YT, Kim IH,.

  10. Iron content in forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-09-12

    Sep 12, 2011 ... Byung Hoon Park1, Deok Jung Kim1, Kun Woo Park1, Mun Soo ... Jun Lee1, Yong Min Lee1, In Sub Choi1, Hyo Jeong Lee1, Jae Won .... already described in previous reports (Chang et al., 1993, Kim et ..... environment.

  11. Darbo metu susenėjusių ir po suvirinimo termiškai apdorotų plieno 5 % Cr-0,5 % Mo virintinių jungčių struktūra ir savybės

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vigantas KUMŠLYTIS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje nagrinėjamos suvirintos ir termiškai apdorotos chromo ir molibdeno (5 % Cr – 0,5 % Mo grupės plieno vamzdžių jungtys. Taip pat pateikiami ir palyginami ilgą laiką aukštoje temperatūroje eksploatuoto ir naujo chromo ir molibdeno plieno vamzdžio struktūra ir mechaninių savybių tyrimai. Eksploatuoto metalo tyrimams buvo panaudotas 530 °C temperatūroje 100 000 valandų dirbęs plieninis vamzdis. Tyrimais siekiama nustatyti 5 % Cr – 0,5% Mo grupės plienų suvirintųjų jungčių mechaninių savybių ir terminio apdorojimo parametrų tarpusavio priklausomybes. Atlikti suvirintų bandinių struktūros radiografiniai, mechaninių savybių, lūžių analizės ir mikrostruktūrų tyrimai. Nustatyta, kad chromo ir molibdeno plienų virintinių jungčių vidiniams įtempiams mažinti turi būti taikomas tik terminis apdorojimas. Kiti įtempių mažinimo metodai šiems plienams yra nepriimtini. Nustatyta, kad 5 % Cr – 0,5 % Mo plienų virintinių jungčių terminio apdorojimo temperatūros ir laiko parametro P reikšmė neturi viršyti 20,5. Viršijus šią reikšmę vyksta struktūros degradacijos procesas, karbidai pamažu transformuojasi į M23C6 karbidus, koaguliuoja ferito grūdelių ribose, sudaro karbidų kolonijas ar jungiasi į ilgus vientisus junginius. Smulkių, dispersiškų karbidų struktūroje nelieka. Taip pat mažėja jungties metalo takumo stipris ir smūginis tąsumas.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.18.2.1911

  12. Fatma Barbarosoğlu’nun Hikâyelerine Yansıyan Kadın Kimliği The Women Identity Which Is Reflected In The Stories Of Fatma Barbarosoğlu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpay Doğan YILDIZ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fatma Barbarosoğlu has a different personality with writer herself. She has sociologist, storyteller, novelist, essayist, andcolumnist in newspaperwithwriterherself. Her sociologist personality’s firstbook is a Moda ve Zihniyet. She published this book in 1995. Shewroteanotherbookwith her personality. Her second book’s the Acı ve Deniz is a storybook and published in 1996. Mrs. Barbarosoğlupublished Acı Deniz with her 5 book inside of 10 years: Acı Deniz (1996, Gün Akşamsızdır (2000, Senin Hikâyen (2001, Ahir Zaman Gülüşleri (2002, İki Kişilik Rüyalar (2005. Shetakecognizanceofessay during these years.Fatma Barbarosoğlupublished 4essaybookmore of withintheseyear. Shebegansowrite a novelafter 2005.Aftershewrote of firstbook is Hiçbiryer her threenovelbecomefamous…Fatma Barbarosoğlu is one of theconsiderableauthors ofTurkishshortstoryafter 1990. Theauthorpublishedfiveshortstorybooksbetween the years 1996 and 2005. Thecharacters of FatmaBarbarosoğluliveduringtheyearstheshortstoriesarewritten, inotherwords, mostly in post-1990 period of Turkey.Thetopicslikepeople’sneed of narrating, lack of communication, lostmoral values, imagecentered life perception, author-reader-societyrelationship arediscussed. However, one of themostnotableissue is“woman”. Fatma Barbarosoğluconsidersthewoman inthesocietywithvariouskinds of identitieslikewife, mother,workingwoman, friendandstudent. Inthisarticle, thewomanidentities intheshortstories of theauthorwill be consideredcomprehensively. Fatma Barbarosoğlu, yazar olarak değişik kimliklere sahiptir. 0; sosyolog, hikâyeci, romancı, deneme yazarı, gazetede köşe yazarı… kimliklerine sahiptir. 1995’te yayımladığı ilk kitabı Moda ve Zihniyet sosyolog kimliğinin ürünüdür. Bu kimlikle başka kitaplar da yazmıştır. Yazarın ikinci eseri olan Acı Deniz bir hikâye kitabıdır ve 1996 yılında yayımlanır. Barbarosoğlu, sonraki yaklaşık on yıllık sürede Ac

  13. Símbolos da evolução: dialética de matéria e espírito na mística : uma abordagem a partir de São João da Cruz, Jung e Rahner

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Felipe Costa

    2014-01-01

    A dissertação tem como objetivo analisar a experiência mística utilizando o arcabouço teórico do teólogo católico Karl Rahner e do psicólogo Carl Gustav Jung, fundador da Psicologia Analítica. Os escritos espirituais de São João da Cruz são utilizados como fonte de descrição do fenômeno místico. Inicialmente, foi elaborada uma interpretação do conceito de espiritualidade a partir da Psicologia Analítica. Esta interpretação – baseada na teoria dos arquétipos e do inconsciente coletivo, com sua...

  14. L’enfant et l’Empire. Poétiques de l’Inde coloniale dans Kim de Kipling (1901 et Swami and friends de R.K. Narayan (1935, ou la littérature par l’enfance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudine Le Blanc

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Si l’enfant dans la littérature coloniale vient en général servir l’orientation idéologique de celle-ci, il peut aussi subtilement la perturber, comme en témoigne le célèbre roman de Kipling, Kim (1901 mais aussi bien une œuvre de la littérature indo-anglaise qui évoque la lutte pour l’Indépendance : Swami and Friends (1935 de R. K. Narayan. Dans l’un et l’autre roman, l’enfant vient saper le dispositif idéologique et assure le triomphe d’une littérature non pas tant pour l’enfance que par l’enfance : l’Inde dans Kim apparaît comme une spatialisation enchantée du temps de l’enfance d’où l’univers du colonat, très présent dans les Plain Tales of the Hills, s’évanouit, tandis que le protagoniste enfantin de Swami and Friends permet à R.K. Narayan de développer l’écriture distanciée, tout en ironie et suggestion, qui deviendra son style.

  15. The value of urinary KIM-1,serum cystatin C in predicting the early diabetic nephropathy%尿肾损伤分子-1与血胱蛋白酶抑制剂 C对早期糖尿病肾病诊断价值对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁朝伟; 杨茂君; 周雪琴; 黄炜; 徐勇

    2013-01-01

    Objective To measure the levels of urinary KIM-1 and serum cystatin C in type 2 diabetic patients(DM) with different degree of albuminuria and to evaluate the value of these biomarkers in predicting the early diabetic nephropathy ( DN) .Methods One hundred and eighteen subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 41 control subjects were recruited;In the diabetic patients ,44 were normoalbuminuric ,41 were microalbuminuric ,and 33 were macroalbuminuric ,according to their urine albumin/creatinine ratio ( UACR) .Collecting fresh morning urine and plasma samples to detect the levels of KIM-1 and Cystatin C .Results The levels of urinary KIM-1 ( UKIM-1 ) were significantly higher in the DM group than in the control group ,but no significantly difference between DM groups .The levels of serum cystatin C were significantly higher in the DM group than in the control group , which increased corresponding with UACR .UKIM-1 and serum Cystatin C were positively related with UACR ( r=0.427 ,0.726 ,both P<0.001 ) and negatively related with eGFR ( improved simplified MDRD formula ) ( r =-0.008 , -0.791 , for Cystatin C P<0.05 ) .Conclusion Our study indicates that UKIM-1 may be useful to assess early kidney injury prior to microalbuminuria ,and serum Cystatin C can predict the severity of all stages of DN .%目的本研究主要探讨尿肾损伤分子-1(KIM-1)及血胱蛋白酶抑制剂C(Cystatin C)对早期糖尿病肾病的诊断价值及糖尿病肾病发展的预测价值。方法选取我院内分泌科住院2型糖尿病患者118例,依据尿微量白蛋白/肌酐比值( UACR)将糖尿病患者分为糖尿病对照组、糖尿病微量白蛋白尿组以及糖尿病大量蛋白尿组,同期健康体检者41例作为正常对照组。收集各组清晨清洁中段尿,应用酶联免疫吸附法检测各组中尿KIM-1浓度。血清中Cystatin C浓度采用乳胶增强免疫比浊法进行检测。结果尿KIM-1在糖尿病各组中浓度

  16. Guiding role of KIM-1 in the using of different types of diuretics in patients with cardiorenal syndrome%KIM-1在心肾综合征不同利尿剂合用中的指导价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春莲; 李志樑; 傅强

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨肾脏损伤分子1(KIM-1)在指导心肾综合征患者袢利尿剂与噻嗪类利尿剂合用是否有利于增强利尿效果和保护肾功能。方法将75例心肾综合征患者随机分为两组,对照组35例依据体重+NYHA 心功能分级进行用药,实验组40例依据尿液KIM-1水平指导用药,测量连续最低药量维持1个月后血清肌酐、胱抑素C和中性粒细胞明胶酶相关脂质运载蛋白(NGAL)和尿液KIM-1的变化,并比较两组并发症发生率。结果使用利尿剂前至开始使用最低药量维持时,两组血清肌酐、胱抑素C、NGAL和尿液KIM-1水平均有所下降,其中实验组上述指标下降程度尤为明显,与对照组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),连续最低药量维持1个月后,指导组血清肌酐、胱抑素C、NGAL和尿液KIM-1均明显下降,且均明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);实验组低血钾和脱水发生率低于对照组,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论根据KIM-1水平调整袢利尿剂与噻嗪类利尿剂合用剂量有利于增强心肾综合征患者的利尿效果,更有利于患者肾功能的保护。%Objective To explore the guiding role of kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) for using of loop diuretics combined with thiazide diuretics in patients with cardiorenal syndrome, and evaluate the diuretic and renal protection effects. Methods 75 cases of cardiorenal syndrome patients in our hospital were randomly divided into two groups;the treatment for the control group was based on the weight + NYHA heart function classification to guide medication; treatment for experimental group was based on the urine KIM-1 level to guide medication.Serum creatinine,cystatin C, NGAL and KIM-1 levels in two groups after using the lowestdose and retained for 1 month were compared, and the complications were also compared too. Results The serum creatinine

  17. 《西游记》中的原型及其隐喻——从荣格心理分析角度探究%The Prototypes and Metaphors of the Journey to the West: Form Psychoanalysis of Jung to Explore

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李靖

    2012-01-01

    Journey to the west is a Chinese ancient myth novel whose figures and plots are popular with tens of thousands of readers.This book has withstood for over 4 hundred of years and its charm is always there,at home and abroad.Jung's theory is profound.From the angle of psychoanalysis of Jung,to explores the journey to the west by using the collective consciousness,prototype and so forth,so as to give the readers some inspiration.%《西游记》是中国古代著名的神魔小说,其人物和故事情节深受广大读者喜爱,历经四百余年魅力不减,在神州大地乃至世界各地均有重要的影响。荣格的思想博大精深,从荣格心理分析的角度应用集体潜意识、原型等相关概念对《西游记》进行探析,可以给读者提供新的角度进行思考。

  18. Fabrication Procedure for Rugged and Breathable Forms of Stretchable Electronics with Adherent and Composite Substrates

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Kyung-In Jang, Sang Youn Han, Sheng Xu, Kyle E. Mathewson, Yihui Zhang, Jae-Woong Jeong, Gwang-Tae Kim, R. Chad Webb, Jung Woo Lee, Thomas J. Dawidczyk, Rak Hwan Kim, Young Min Song, Woon-Hong Yeo, Stanley Kim, Huanyu Cheng, Sang Il Rhee, Jeahoon Chung, Byunggik Kim, Ha Uk Chung, Dongjun Lee, Yiyuan Yang, Moongee Cho, John G. Gaspar, Ronald Carbonari, Monica Fabiani et al. ### Abstract We introduce materials and composite designs for thin, breathable, soft electronics that ca...

  19. 民族叙事与女性话语——越南阮攸的创作及《金云翘传》的经典%National Narration and Women's Discourse-Nguyen Du and His Classic of Tyuen Kim Vien Kieu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玲

    2011-01-01

    《金云翘传》作为越南民族的文学经典,是诗人阮攸对中国青心才人所著同名章回小说的移植和改创。在《金云翘传》中,凝结了作家主体精神对越南民族的文化传统与历史命运的思考与探求,整个叙事是民族叙事与女性话语的有机融合。翠翘形象是越南民族母道信仰和女神原型的再现,蕴藉着牺牲与救赎的深度模式。《金云翘传》的经典化及其在民间社会广为传播,使得这一作品已经内化为越南民族的审美意识,彰显出越南文学民族化的独特轨迹。%As a literary classic of the Vietnamese nation,Tyuen Kim Vien Kieu,created by Nguyen Du,was a duplicate of the namesake novel by Qingxin Cairen in the Qing Dynasty.Tyuen Kim Vien Kieu epitomizes the author's subjectivity in his reflections upon the cultural traditions of the Vietnamese nation and historical fate,and integrates national narration and women's discourse in an organic way.The image of Cuiqiao turned out to be a representation of the nation's love for Mother and the prototype of the country's goddess,demonstrating the nation's pattern of sacrifice and redemption in an in-depth way.The canonization,popularization and dissemination of the work in civil society have rendered itself internalized into the national aesthetic tradition of the Vietnamese,revealing the unique way of the nationalization of the Vietnamese literature.

  20. The efficacy and safety of triple inhaled treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis using Bayesian methods

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Chang-Hoon; Kwak, Min-sun; Kim, EunYoung; Jang,Eun Jin; Kim, Hyun Jung

    2015-01-01

    Min-Sun Kwak,1 Eunyoung Kim,2 Eun Jin Jang,3 Hyun Jung Kim,4 Chang-Hoon Lee5 1Department of Internal Medicine, Healthcare Research Institute, Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Statistics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Information Statistics, Andong National University, Andong, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul...

  1. North Korea’s Choice of the Types of Provocation Against South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    behavior, even during the ten years when South Korea undertook practical changes for peace under the Sunshine Policy of the Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo...since these dependent foreign relations could be easily swayed by the influence of great powers, their eternal stability was fundamentally uncertain...jeopardized the institutional base of the Kim regime. Moreover, Seoul, by criticizing this tragic situation, discontinued its Sunshine Policy and instead

  2. Belarus - a unique case in the European context? / Kim Lausten

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lausten, Kim

    2003-01-01

    Valgevene presidendi Aleksander Lukashenko autoritaarsest režiimist, sellega seonduvatest võimalikest ohtudest Valgevene naaberriikide julgeolekule. Autor analüüsib Lukashenko režiimi institutsioonilisi ning sotsiaalpoliitilisi tagamaid

  3. [Recent books on international law] / Yoonie Kim, Paul R Williams

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kim, Yoonie

    2005-01-01

    Arvustus: Lauri Mälksoo. Illegal Annexation and State Continuity : The Case of the Incorporation of the Baltic States by the USSR. Study of the Tension between Normativity and Power in International Law. Leiden ; Boston, 2003

  4. INCIDENCE AND CLINICAL FEATURES OF SNAKEBITE CELLULITIS AT KIMS, HUBLI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chetan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A single centre study was planned to asses the incidence and clinical feature of snake bite cellulitis in order to find out the nature and burden of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess incidence and clinical features of snake bite cellulitis. METHODOLOGY: This present one year prospective study was conducted in the Department of Surgery, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli. Out of 520 total cases of snake bites 66 patients with cellulitis changes were studied. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data obtained was coded and entered in Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet. The categorical data was expressed as rates, ratios and percentages. RESULTS: Out of 520 total snake bite cases, 66 patients developed signs of cellulitis. In patients with cellulitis 49(74.24% were males and 17(25.75% were females. In patients with cellulitis, most were aged between 31 to 45 years (36.36% and 19 to 30 years (34.84.The mean age of the study population was 32.43 ± 13.75 years. Majority of the patients (74.24% had snake bite on lower limbs. Most common symptom complex noted was pain + swelling in 30(39.39% of the patients followed by pain in 9(13.6%, swelling in 6(9%, pain+swelling+fever in 4(6%, pain + discolouration in 2(3% and pain + fever in 1(1.5% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows high incidence of cellulitis in patients with snake bite and most common clinical feature is cellulitis is pain + swelling. So in any case of snake of snake bite we should take the proper precautionary measures to prevent cellulitis. If cellulitis has already formed, then it should be treated without delay in order to prevent limb loss, compartment syndrome, other morbidities and even death.

  5. [Recent books on international law] / Yoonie Kim, Paul R Williams

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kim, Yoonie

    2005-01-01

    Arvustus: Lauri Mälksoo. Illegal Annexation and State Continuity : The Case of the Incorporation of the Baltic States by the USSR. Study of the Tension between Normativity and Power in International Law. Leiden ; Boston, 2003

  6. Seši u Plitvičkim jezerima

    OpenAIRE

    Pasarić, Miroslava; Slaviček, Lasta

    2016-01-01

    Poduzeta su visokofrekventna mjerenja razine vode u dva najveća plitvička jezera, u Prošću i u Kozjaku, kako bi se istražili seši. Mjerenja su rađena s intervalom uzorkovanja od 1 minute tijekom perioda od 46 dana i to na dva suprotna kraja u svakom jezeru, što je dalo informaciju i o međusobnom odnosu faza. Izračunati su spektri snage kako bi se odredili periodi vlastitih modova. Opaženi maksimimi su interpretirani uz pomoć teorijskih rezultata, dobivenih jednostavnom numeričkom metodom Defa...

  7. Application of Hosaka and DJ Kim Whatmann paper protocols for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2009-12-01

    Dec 1, 2009 ... selection (MAS) for breeding for striga resistance in cowpea to be able to handle large number of ... The application of marker assisted selection in cowpea .... extraction of DNA from tomato and other herbaceous plants. Plant.

  8. Artificial intelligence expert systems with neural network machine learning may assist decision-making for extractions in orthodontic treatment planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takada, Kenji

    2016-09-01

    New approach for the diagnosis of extractions with neural network machine learning. Seok-Ki Jung and Tae-Woo Kim. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016;149:127-33. Not reported. Mathematical modeling. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. North Korea’s Military Threat: Pyongyang’s Conventional Forces, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and Ballistic Missiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    eternalize their rule. They have a large stockpile and we are to be forbidden even to think about the manufacture of nuclear weapons.321 Any modest...Chinhae.” Additionally, in light with South Korea’s Sunshine Policy (overtures that past ROK President Kim Dae Jung made to North Korea), officially

  10. Naistepäev ikka hinnas / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2003-01-01

    Kunstihoone galeriis Ivika Kivi ja Dagmar Kase näituse "ID 2002" taustal 8. III toimunud Reet Varblase organiseeritud seminarist "Naised, ühiskond, ilu ja hügieen". Linnagaleriis lõpetas Meiu Mündi maalinäituse Oksana Titova tantsuetendus. 9. III Pärnus Taave Tuutma kureeritud tegevuskunstipäev

  11. Dynamical Systems and Jung, with a Note on Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Bruce E.

    2011-01-01

    Comments on the original article "Rethinking intractable conflict: The perspective of dynamical systems," by R. R. Vallacher, P. T. Coleman, A. Nowak, and L. Bui-Wrzosinska. Vallacher et al presented an intriguing description of dynamical systems theory as applied to the understanding of intractable conflicts ranging from the intrapsychic to the…

  12. Läti koduloomade huvitav elu / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2006-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Sloveenia koostööfilm "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" ("The Hostage") : režissöör ja stsenarist Laila Pakalnina : operaator ja üks produtsentidest Arko Okk : Eesti (Acuba Film) - Läti (Casablanca Film Production) 2006

  13. Läti koduloomade huvitav elu / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2006-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Sloveenia koostööfilm "Koer, lennuk ja laulupidu" ("The Hostage") : režissöör ja stsenarist Laila Pakalnina : operaator ja üks produtsentidest Arko Okk : Eesti (Acuba Film) - Läti (Casablanca Film Production) 2006

  14. Eesti kunstiõpetaja regionaalkongressi ootel / Liia Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Liia

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline kongress "InSEA on Sea" toimub 2.-8.08.2003 Stockholmis, Helsingis ja Tallinnas. Kongress on suunatud õpetajatele, muuseumitöötajatele ja kõigile kunstiharidusega seotutele. Ürituse eesmärk on tutvustada Põhjamaade ja Eesti kunstihariduse minevikku, olevikku ja tulevikku

  15. Naistepäev ikka hinnas / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2003-01-01

    Kunstihoone galeriis Ivika Kivi ja Dagmar Kase näituse "ID 2002" taustal 8. III toimunud Reet Varblase organiseeritud seminarist "Naised, ühiskond, ilu ja hügieen". Linnagaleriis lõpetas Meiu Mündi maalinäituse Oksana Titova tantsuetendus. 9. III Pärnus Taave Tuutma kureeritud tegevuskunstipäev

  16. Dynamical systems and Jung, with a note on language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Bruce E

    2011-01-01

    Comments on the original article "Rethinking intractable conflict: The perspective of dynamical systems," by R. R. Vallacher, P. T. Coleman, A. Nowak, and L. Bui-Wrzosinska (see record 2010-08987-003). Vallacher et al presented an intriguing description of dynamical systems theory as applied to the understanding of intractable conflicts ranging from the intrapsychic to the international. It seems clear from the authors' text that the term hysteresis (p. 267) was not their coinage but came from the mathematical history of dynamical systems theory. The concept is fascinating: A single-time measure of an event in a dynamical system is meaningless without knowledge of the whole status of the system, its history, and the current direction of periodic cycles maintained by the system's attractors. Unfortunately, the sound of the term is reminiscent of "hysteria," as if it included notions of feminine unpredictability, periodicity, and emotional catastrophe. Scholars of ancient Greek may find etymological counterweights to this concern, but the use of the word in today's literature runs the risk of intractable conflict with feminist theorists, whose justifiable objection should be intense. I propose the terms bivalence for hysteresis, trivalence when there are three attractors, and so on, up to multivalence for complex systems.

  17. Eesti kunstiõpetaja regionaalkongressi ootel / Liia Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Liia

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline kongress "InSEA on Sea" toimub 2.-8.08.2003 Stockholmis, Helsingis ja Tallinnas. Kongress on suunatud õpetajatele, muuseumitöötajatele ja kõigile kunstiharidusega seotutele. Ürituse eesmärk on tutvustada Põhjamaade ja Eesti kunstihariduse minevikku, olevikku ja tulevikku

  18. Theater Activities for Jung Opera Audience: An Educational Urgency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elita Maule

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Numerous studies have led researchers to conclude that the socio-demographic profile of the public of classical music appears to be quite generalizable. However, the survey of the opera public, a classical music subgenre that is often associated with theater performances, appears to be much more difficult to quantify and has not yet been the subject of specific investigations (1. The drastic decrease in audience attendance, especially among young people, has led to a radical change in the management of all the opera houses in Europe (2. The research here presented has explored, through a representative sample of twenty-four Theatres in twelve different European countries, all practitioners of Opera Education, the complex interaction of personal, social and cultural factors that have led the theatres to interact with the educational system and the school curricula (3. A research on the different methods applied for teaching Opera to young people has led to attention being given especially to what is now called “Dramatic Interpretation of Music Theatre”, a method developed within Germany but now accepted by the majority of Opera Houses in Northern Europe (4. Approach: The research on educational projects for young people was made through the analysis of the web-sites of 24 theatres: 12 of these were members of Reseo, the network of partners involved in opera education that was proposed and promoted by the European Community in 1999; 12 other theatres, although belonging to other such networks were not members of Reseo. Results: (1 Opera seems to attract a rather limited public that occupies, in terms of number, the last places in the classification; the amount of people who listen to classical music is double that of those who listen to opera. (2. Educating the audience and, therefore, organizing also didactic projects for young people, has become for theaters a means to ensure their future survival. (3. The European Opera theaters adopt common strategies to attract and increase the young audience. (4 The European Opera theaters adopt a common pedagogical approach. Conclusion: To cope with increasing costs and decreasing youth audience, the Opera theaters of Europe have adopted common organizational and pedagogical strategies focusing their activities on educational projects for schools.

  19. Samiha Ayverdi’nin “Batmayan Gün” Romanında Kadın Kimliği Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Research on Woman Identity in Samiha Ayverdi’s Novel “Unsunken Day”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Sıddık KARAGÖZ

    2012-09-01

    ören Ayverdi, bu tutumundan hiçbir zaman vazgeçmemiştir. O, kadın romancılarda aşk rüzgârlarının popülerliğini koruduğu zamanlarda bile, bu rüzgârlara kapılmamış, memleket meselelerini, gençliğin, toplumun sorunlarını ve bunlarla ilgili yapılması gerekenleri ele alma farklılığını göstermiştir. Yazar, bütün bu meseleler için çıkış yolu ararken çoğu zaman, kadını çözümün merkezinde görmüştür. Milletin terakki edebilmesi için kadının yüklenmesi gereken vazifelerle ilgili, okuyucularına tavsiyelerde bulunan Samiha Ayverdi yeni nesli yetiştirecek olan kadının öncelikle manevi hayatının sağlamlaştırılmasının gerekliliğine dikkat çekmiştir. Ayverdi’de tasavvuf, onun hayatının her alanını kuşatacak kadar büyük yer teşkil eder. Ümm-i Ken’an Dergahının Şeyhi Kenan Rıfâî ile tanıştıktan sonra, hayatına Rıfailik’in öğretileri doğrultusunda yön veren Ayverdi’nin manevi dünyasındaki bu değişim eserlerine de yansımıştır. “Batmayan Gün”, onun tasavvuf anlayışını ortaya koyan ilk romanlarından olması bakımından önemlidir. Tasavvufun bir kadın kahramanın “arayış” serencamı üzerinden ele alınması ise eseri “kadın kimliği” bakımından incelemeyi değerli kılmaktadır. “Batmayan Gün”de kadın; “entelektüel, mutasavvıf, sade dümdüz, temiz, zavallı, gösteriş düşkünü” gibi tanımlamalarla okuyucu karşısına çıkarılmaktadır. Yazar, kadının söz konusu bu kimliklerinden özellikle “mutasavvıf kadın”ı öne çıkarmış, ona entelektüel nitelikler de yükleyerek, okuyucusuna bir bakıma bu kadın kimliğini benimsemesi telkininde bulunmuştur. Bu telkine, Cumhuriyet’in yeni neslinin yetiştirilmesi adına, Ayverdi tarafından Cumhuriyet rejimine sunulmuş önemli bir öneri olarak da bakılabilir.

  20. “Şimdi Ben Öğretmen mi Oldum?” Öğretmenlik Kimliğinin Oluşmasında Etkili Olan Etkenlere Yönelik Öğretmen Adaylarının Görüşleri “Have I Become A Teacher?” The Perspectives Of Preservice Teachers About Factors That Are Effective On The Formation Of The Teacher Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa YAŞAR

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The teacher identity is important in terms of determination of thetype of teaching that the teachers will use and their probable attitudestowards changes in the field of education. Therefore, in this study, itwas aimed to determine the factors which have roles in pre-schoolpreservice teachers’ formation of teacher identity and how preserviceteachers comment on these factors. This research is a qualitative study,carried out in the 2009-2010 academic year. The sample of the researchconsisted of 90 participants, 65 of which were senior students studyingat Çukurova University, Faculty of Education Pre-school TeachingDepartment and 25 of which were teachers who graduated from thesame department in 2009 and who just started teaching in Adana andin surrounding cities. The data was collected through the Survey ofDetermining the Factors which form the Teacher Identity (SDTI thatwas developed by the researchers. This survey consists of two parts.There were items about personal information in the first part and therewere items about the factors which are effective in the formation ofteacher identity in the second part. The levels of preservice teachers’agreeing with these items were designed in the five-point Likert scale (Icompletely agree=5, I don’t agree at all=1. The data was analyzed bydescriptive data analysis method, the answers which were given to theopen-ended questions were coded by content analysis and then, theywere categorized. The results of the research showed that the factorswhich are effective in the formation of teacher identity were personalitytraits, willingness to teach, the education which were received atuniversity, social environment and the teaching practice. Another resultof the research revealed that the preservice teachers feel themselves asteachers beginning from the third grade. Öğretmenlik kimliği, öğretmenlerin nasıl bir öğretim yapacağını ve eğitim alanındaki değişikliklere karşı ne tür tutumlar tak

  1. Reference: 710 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 710 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18162593i Jung Choonkyun et al. 2008 Fe...ic stress tolerance of transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AtMYB44 was conferred by reduced expression of ...naling. Overexpression of AtMYB44 enhances stomatal closure to confer abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic... Arabidopsis. 2 623-35 18162593 2008 Feb Plant physiology Cheong Jong-Joo|Choi Yang Do|Han Sang Won|Jung Choonkyun|Kim Chung Ho|Koo Yeon Jong|Nahm Baek Hie|Seo Jun Sung|Song Sang Ik

  2. Activation of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells in Bone Marrow

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Curr Protoc Pharmacol 2010;Chapter 14:Unit14.15. 21. Jung Y, Shiozawa Y, Wang J, McGregor N, Dai J, Park SI, et al. Prevalence of prostate cancer... Wang J, Jung Y, et al. Proteoglycan 4, a novel immunomodulatory factor, regulates parathyroid hormone actions on hematopoietic cells. Am J Pathol...Nephrol 2000;11:1085–92. 36. Sabbota AL, Kim H-RC, Zhe X, Fridman R, Bonfil RD, Cher ML. Shedding of RANKL by tumor-associated MT1-MMP activates Src

  3. Comparative assessment of the apoptotic potential of silver nanoparticles synthesized by Bacillus tequilensis and Calocybe indica in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells: targeting p53 for anticancer therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Gurunathan S; Park JH; Han JW; Kim JH

    2015-01-01

    Sangiliyandi Gurunathan, Jung Hyun Park, Jae Woong Han, Jin-Hoi KimDepartment of Animal Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of KoreaBackground: Recently, the use of nanotechnology has been expanding very rapidly in diverse areas of research, such as consumer products, energy, materials, and medicine. This is especially true in the area of nanomedicine, due to physicochemical properties, such as mechanical, chemical, magnetic, optical, and electrical properties, compared...

  4. Tra la Mondo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    El; MONATO

    2000-01-01

    Ankorau ne kor(e)an dankon Logas c. 1.8 milionoj da eksterlandanoj en Japanio kun logantaro de 125 milionoj. El tiuj eksterlandanoj c. 700 000 logas konstante en Japanio. Pridiskutate estas ekde la 80aj jaroj, cu permesi al ili vocdoni. Plejparte temas pri koreoj, kies prezidanto Kim Dae Jung, vizitante Japanion en 1998, postulis por japanaj koreoj vocdonrajton. En Japanio estas ses politikaj partioj, el ki

  5. Terahertz Difference-Frequency Quantum Cascade Laser Sources on Silicon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-22

    Terahertz difference-frequency quantum cascade laser sources on silicon SEUNGYONG JUNG,1,3 JAE HYUN KIM,1 YIFAN JIANG,1 KARUN VIJAYRAGHAVAN,2 AND...revised 24 November 2016; accepted 30 November 2016 (Doc. ID 278379); published 22 December 2016 Terahertz quantum cascade laser sources based on intra...of microwatts of average terahertz power output and wide spectral tunability. However, terahertz radiation outcoupling in these sources is still highly

  6. The Key to Stability on the Korean Peninsula - United States, Japan and China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-04-01

    US diplomatic, defense , and economic efforts on the Korean 7 Peninsula rest. Our treaty commitment and the presence of US troops in South Korea help...the Korean people and ROK service members. —Kim Dae-jung President, Republic of Korea , 1998-2003 Mutual Defense Treaty To deter the North... Korean threat of attack, the Republic of Korea entered into a defense alliance with the United States. This was formalized when the “ROK-US Mutual

  7. Transparent and Stretchable High-Performance Supercapacitors Based on Wrinkled Graphene Electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    stability as their CVs and capacitances did not vary over hundreds of cycles of stretching up to 40% strain (Figures 5g ,h). Such a stable performance...Stretchable Batteries with Self- Similar Serpentine Interconnects and Integrated Wireless Recharging Systems. Nat. Commun. 2013, 4, 1543–1550. 5. Yu...Percolation Network . Adv. Mater. 2012, 24, 3326–3332. 27. Li, X.; Cai, W.; An, J.; Kim, S.; Nah, J.; Yang, D.; Piner, R.; Velamakanni, A.; Jung, I.; Tutuc, E

  8. JUNG:一种实现社会网络分析自动化分析的框架%JUNG: A Framework for Automatizing Social Network Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世亮

    2011-01-01

    社会刚络分析在许多研究领域开始用于网络社区中人际交流的研究,但目前的研究大多是基于手工数据收集和分析,只能进行静态网络结构的分析.JUNG提供了一种公共和可扩展的框架来实现数据的建模,分析和可视化展示并能够被绘制成图形或网络,可以用于社会网络分析、Web流量分析、图论的理论推导以及关系类型数据的数据挖掘等等.文章介绍了JUNG的基本原理,以及如何利用JUNG在网络社区中实现自动化的社会网络分析和可视化.

  9. Arendt, Jung e Humanismo: um olhar interdisciplinar sobre a violência Arendt, Jung and Humanism: an interdisciplinary approach to violence

    OpenAIRE

    Marlon Xavier

    2008-01-01

    O presente trabalho é um ensaio de natureza teórica que tece reflexões sobre o fenômeno da violência no mundo contemporâneo a partir da perspectiva dada pela filosofia política de Hannah Arendt. Partindo de sua interpretação de Kant, conectamos a teoria original sobre a violência de Arendt com sua base filosófica, o humanismo. À compreensão mais filosófica e social dada por Arendt, buscamos acrescentar, em uma abordagem interdisciplinar quiçá inédita para o tema, as contribuições dadas pela p...

  10. Type 2-diabetes--en heterogen sygdom med kim i fostertilstanden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaag, Allan

    2012-01-01

    environment may take centre stage in the global propagation of T2D. Impaired expandability of subcutaneous adipose tissue in persons with low birthweight may cause T2D due to lipotoxicity in non-adipose organs. Future implications include a stronger focus on individualized treatments in T2D patients...

  11. Koo Yuen Kim, D.P.T.J, J.P

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The grandfather of Koo was living in the closed and undeveloped China during the early ages of last century. As not to tolerate with the suffering days of hungry and poverty, he began his new life in far region of South China Sea. Relying on the bare industrious hands, Koo's grandfather managed to lead out the hard life. Later, Koo's father,the second generation of Malaysian Chinese was bom on the land of Malaya during the years of the turbulent period of history. Koo's father worked extremely hard as expecting for one day of returning ancestral hometown.

  12. Systemically applied insecticides for treatment of erythrina gall wasp, quadrastichus erythrinae kim hymenoptera: Eulophidae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doccola, J.J.; Smith, S.L.; Strom, B.L.; Medeiros, A.C.; Von Allmen, E.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract The erythrina gall wasp (EGW), believed native to Africa, is a recently described species and now serious invasive pest of Erythrina (coral trees) in tropical and subtropical locales. Erythrina are favored ornamental and landscape trees, as well as native members of threatened ecosystems. The EGW is a tiny, highly mobile, highly invasive wasp that deforms (galls) host trees causing severe defoliation and tree death. The first detection of EGW in the United States was in O'ahu, Hawai'i in April 2005. It quickly spread through the Hawai'ian island chain (U.S.) killing ornamental and native Erythrina in as little as two years. At risk are endemic populations of Erythrinaas well as ornamental landscape species in the same genus, the latter of which have already been killed and removed from O'ahu at a cost of more than USD $1 million. Because EGW are so small and spread so quickly, host injury is usually detected before adult wasps are observed, making prophylactic treatments less likely than therapeutic ones. This study evaluates two stem-injected insecticides, imidacloprid (IMA-jet??) and emamectin benzoate, delivered through Arborjet Tree I.V.?? equipment, for their ability to affect E. sandwicensis (wiliwili) canopy demise under severe EGW exposure. IMA-jet, applied at a rate of 0.16 g AI/cm basal diameter (0.4 g AI/in. dia.), was the only effective treatment for maintaining canopy condition of wiliwili trees. Emamectin benzoate, applied at a rate of -0.1 g AI/cm basal diameter (-0.25 g AI/in. dia.), was not effective in this application, although it was intermediate in effect between IMA-jet and untreated trees. The relatively high concentrations of imidacloprid in leaves, and its durability for at least 13 months in native wiliwili growing on a natural, dryland site, suggest that treatment applications against EGW can impact canopy recovery even under suboptimal site and tree conditions. ?? 2009 International Society of Arboriculture.

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: NIR sources in the northeastern part of LMC (Kim+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J.; Jeong, W.-S.; Pak, S.; Park, W.-K.; Tamura, M.

    2016-02-01

    We observed the northeastern regions of the LMC using the infrared camera SIRIUS and the polarimeter SIRPOL at the Infrared Survey Facility (IRSF) 1.4m telescope at the South African Astronomical Observatory (SAAO) on 2008 December 25-30 and 2011 December 2-11; in the J (1.25um), H (1.63um), and Ks (2.14um) bands. (1 data file).

  14. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Properties of asteroids in comet-like orbits (Kim+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Y.; Ishiguro, M.; Usui, F.

    2017-03-01

    We used infrared asteroid databases compiled from three infrared all-sky surveyors, the IRAS (Neugebauer et al. 1984ApJ...278L..83N), AKARI (Murakami et al. 2007PASJ...59S.369M), and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE; Wright et al. 2010AJ....140.1868W). Usui et al. (2014, J/PASJ/63/1117) compared these three infrared asteroid catalogs with valid sizes and albedos and merged them into a single catalog (I-A-W). They archived 138,285 asteroids with sizes and albedos, detected with either IRAS, AKARI, or WISE in I-A-W. A number of asteroids were detected by two or three satellites: 1993 asteroids by all three satellites, 2812 asteroids by AKARI and WISE, and 312 asteroids by IRAS and WISE. In such cases, Usui et al. (2014, J/PASJ/63/1117) selected data from AKARI as the highest priority, WISE as the second, and IRAS as the third priority, although there are no remarkable differences in the sizes and albedos among these catalogs. AKARI data were given highest priority because its data have less uncertainty than WISE in the sizes and albedos for the largest asteroids. We used the I-A-W catalog in the analysis of ACOs. (1 data file).

  15. North Korea after Kim Chong-il: Leadership Dynamics and Potential Crisis Scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    were increased, in order to get rid of enforced artificial pricing and bring commerce (on such commodities as rice ) into line with market prices...See “Brother-in-Law Seen as Having Gained Real Power in DPRK,” AERA, 20 April 2009; and “Morning Star General to Turn Water into Wine ,” The Daily...Far East, Japan , and South Korea, with little indication of government attempts to intervene80  Widespread movement of population within country in

  16. The first clinical treatment with kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring (KIM): A real-time image guidance method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keall, Paul J.; Aun Ng, Jin; O'Brien, Ricky;

    2015-01-01

    system. A 120° pretreatment kV imaging arc was acquired to build the patient-specific 2D to 3D motion correlation. The kV imager was activated during the megavoltage (MV) treatment, a dual arc VMAT prostate treatment, to estimate the 3D prostate position in real-time. All necessary ethics, legal...

  17. Concept Development of “Nursing Presence”: Application of Schwartz-Barcott and Kim's Hybrid Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Mohammadipour, PhD

    2017-03-01

    Conclusion: Co-constructed interaction underscored the value of the nursing presence as an integral component of caring with humanistic and patient-centered approaches. The findings could help clinical nurses have a better understanding of the nursing presence. Findings also can improve educators' and managers' knowledge for developing and conducting appropriate education strategies and caring activities to facilitate the promotion of nursing presence.

  18. Production of Recombinant Injectosome and Outer Membrane Proteins from Yersinia Pestis KIM5

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    undergraduate research facilities and local public heath offices, include fermenters , autoclaves, centrifuges, and incubators (Shea 2004). These...glycerol fermentation and nitrate 16 reduction abilities and geographic location. These phenotypic variations have been assumed to represent...White colonies, representing clones with inserts, were picked and used to inoculate 3 mL LB broth [50 ug/mL KAN] at 37°C at 225 RPM overnight

  19. Type 2-diabetes--en heterogen sygdom med kim i fostertilstanden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaag, Allan

    2012-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a heterogeneous disease with a multifactorial aetiology involving defects in the pancreatic beta cells, liver, muscles, adipose tissue, guts, brain, kidneys and heart. While genetics may only explain a minor proportion of T2D, the contribution of an adverse intrauterine...... environment may take centre stage in the global propagation of T2D. Impaired expandability of subcutaneous adipose tissue in persons with low birthweight may cause T2D due to lipotoxicity in non-adipose organs. Future implications include a stronger focus on individualized treatments in T2D patients...

  20. Seroprevalence of HIV in women attending antenatal clinic at KIMS hospital, Narketpally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venna Guru Prasad

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: To assess seroprevalence of HIV among antenatal women and the extent of utilization of therapeutic interventions to minimize the risk of mother to child transmission. Methods: Pregnant women attending antenatal clinic of a medical college in a rural area of Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh, India from August 2006 to July 2009 were tested for HIV by Rapid Test which included pre and post test counseling. Antiretroviral prophylaxis with nevirapine was given to seropositive mother-baby pairs during delivery. Results: Of the 5809 new antenatal booking visits 4848 attended pretest counseling and 4698 accepted HIV testing. Fifty three women were found to be seropositive. Sero-prevalence rate of HIV infection was 1.12%. Ten had opted for pregnancy termination. Out of forty three deliveries four were intrauterine deaths. All the newborns received nevirapine prophylaxis. Conclusions: The seroprevalence of HIV infection among antenatal women is 1.12% which was high as the institute is located in Andhra Pradesh which is a known high prevalence state. Thirty one babies tested after 18 months of age were negative. Nine babies died before they reached 18 months of age. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2012; 1(1.000: 17-21

  1. TUBERCULIN RESPONSIVENESS AS A PROGNOSTIC INDICATOR IN HIV POSITIVE PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS, KIMS, AMALAPURUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraja

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available With the emergence of HIV pandemic there is an alarming increase in both HIV and Tuberculosis cases cause’s major health problems due to poor socio-economic status in developing and resource poor countries. HIV and Tuberculosis infection hand in hand kills more population than all other infections combined. Both HIV and Tuberculosis is a major health problem. So the present study is under taken to know present scenario of HIV and TB in the rural set up, Amalapuram, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. Out of 100 suspected cases with HIV and Tuberculosis with malnutrition, 10 samples were found to be HIV positive by rapid and ELISA. Among 10 positive HIV cases 6 cases were found to be positive for AFB by ZN stain indicating both HIV and Tuberculosis go hand in hand.

  2. The New North Korean Problem: History and Responsibilities in the Age of Kim Jong Un

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    goes back to the Korean War. The Soviets assisted the North with creating a research facility in 1952.19 While Soviet, 8 Chinese, and US...fire, North Korea immediately resumed the nuclear testing and operations at its facilities that it had previously suspended.31 Since the world...be the successor, however, his loyalty to his father and the regime became suspect when he attempted to enter Tokyo to go to Tokyo Disney on a fake

  3. North Korea’s Provocation and Escalation Calculus: Dealing with the Kim Jong-un Regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    level” provocations while minimizing risks of potential rapid conflict escalation remains a central dilemma as was demonstrated in the reaction to North...Korean summit because of Seoul’s attempts to “depolitize” the event by keeping it purely at “the artistic, athletic, and cultural ” level. This was

  4. Primena GIS-a u hidrološkim istraživanjima - primer reke Lepenice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milanović Ana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The basic component of GIS technology (Geographical Information Systems is the base of graphical data, which can be used for geographical definition of spaces elements- entities. As a new, modern, technology, it has more application in different hydrological researches. In GIS creation Lepenica river basin, it was applied softwares: Micro Station, GeoMedia, Surfer 7. Map and AutoCAD. After data base creation, it was enabled for users to get different information of Lepenica river basin on the simple way. Getting data are used for creation of three thematic maps (altitude zones map, hydrographical net map and precipitation isoline map.

  5. MYCOLOGICAL PROFILE OF DERMATOPHYTES ISOLATED FROM CLINICAL SAMPLES IN KIMS HOSPITAL, BANGALORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The dermatophytoses constitute a group of superficial fungal infections of keratinised tissue - epidermis, hair and nails, caused by a closely related group of filamentous fungi, the dermatophytes. OBJECTIVES: Isolation and speciation of dermatophytes by culture and to determine its prevalence. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted from January 2012 - December 2013 at Kempegowda institute of medical sciences, Bangalore. All clinically suspected cases coming to the microbiology department where subjected to mycological work - up. Specimens like skin scraping, hair, and nail were collected and microscopically examined using 10%, 20% and 40% KOH respectively for fungal filaments. Culture was carried out using Sabouraud dextrose agar medium with and without cycloheximide. The growth in the culture tube was speciated based on the macroscopic and microscopic findings (with Lactophenol cotton blue staining. RESULTS: Total cases in the two year period were 609. The infection was found to be common in adults aged 20 - 30 years, the male to female ratio is 1.2:1. The KOH positives were 491(80%, and culture positives were 471(77%. Of the positive cultures Trichophyton rubrum (35% was the common isolate followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes (17%, and Epidermophyton floccosum (6%. CONCLUSION : In the present study the most common clinical presentation is Tinea corporis followed by Tinea unguium and Tinea cruris and the common isolate was T.rubrum. The present study was undertaken to determine the clinical pattern of dermatophytosis and the common species that was prevalent here.

  6. Rak izletshim u 80 iz 100 zabolevshihh detei / Lev Durnov ; interv. Kim Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Durnov, Lev

    1999-01-01

    Intervjuu Venemaa N. Blohhini nimelise Onkoloogia Teadusliku Keskuse peadirektori asetäitja Lev Durnoviga keskuseLaste Onkoloogia ja Hematoloogia Teadusliku Uurimise Instituudi tööst laste vähktõve ravimisel

  7. Rak izletshim u 80 iz 100 zabolevshihh detei / Lev Durnov ; interv. Kim Smirnov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Durnov, Lev

    1999-01-01

    Intervjuu Venemaa N. Blohhini nimelise Onkoloogia Teadusliku Keskuse peadirektori asetäitja Lev Durnoviga keskuseLaste Onkoloogia ja Hematoloogia Teadusliku Uurimise Instituudi tööst laste vähktõve ravimisel

  8. A Grand Challenge: Immortal Information and Through-Life Knowledge Management (KIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Ball

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available ‘Immortal information and through-life knowledge management: strategies and tools for the emerging product-service business paradigm’, is a Grand Challenge project involving eleven different UK universities and incorporating substantial industry collaboration. It is investigating a range of issues associated with the move towards a product-service paradigm in the engineering sector, in particular the long-term curation of digital data, learning from production and use, and appropriate governance and management techniques.

  9. 艺木家:金坶·克劳斯(Kim Krause)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    金姆·克劳斯2007年创作了一组名为“时间/变化”的画作,这些画里,缎带、旗帜、纸环人、色盘、号角、碎花纸以及其他聚会用的个人装备色彩明亮地缠结在一起,从帆布的顶端悬垂下来,飘荡到一个色彩丰富的空间。

  10. Matematika u vojnotehničkim dostignućima / Mathematics in military-technical achievements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalija B. Jelenković

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Matematika se definiše kao vrsta filozofije ili pogleda na svet, sredstvo za razvijanje apstraktnog mišljenja, a služi i za pojednostavljenje prirodnih nauka. Prilično je specijalna - izučava količinu i poredak; uopšteno, to je nauka o formalnim strukturama. Ona je i kombinacija slobode kreativne misli i strogih logičkih pravila, ali i deduktivna nauka koja daje pravila i zakone pomoću kojih baratamo brojevima i prostorom. Kao takva, matematika je i savremeni alat za vojnotehnička dostignuća modernog doba, kao što su: sve vrste radio i radio-relejnih veza, radarska sredstva, sredstva za upravljanje, navigaciju, televizijska, optoelektronska, hidro- akustična sredstva, sredstva za protivelektronsku borbu, kao i mnoga elektronska tehnička sredstava, naoružanje i vojna oprema Kopnene vojske, Vazduhoplovstva i protiv-vazduhoplovne odbrane, Ratne mornarice. Prethodno istaknute definicije matematike su korišćene kao osnova za uopšteno sistematizovano izlaganje metodom uporednog opisivanja, nabrajanjem činjenica, definisanjem pojmova. Cilj članka je da se na osnovu nabrojanja postojećih primena matematike i proširivanjem znanja može dalje napredovati u istraživanju mnogih vojnih oblasti. Pored toga, članak ima i pedagoški cilj, a to je da kroz opise i karakteristike sredstava ratne tehnike zainteresuje i afirmiše značaj i lepotu vojnog poziva. Rezultati razvoja informacionih tehnologija su, pored ostalog, i savršenija vojnotehnička dostignuća, a predstavljaju i inspiraciju za mnoge inovacije i uspehe. / In this article, mathematics is dealt with as a science necessary for the design, development and implementation of certain military-technical achievements such as many electronic devices, smart missiles, miniature antennas, camouflage military clothing and other military equipment. Some areas of applied, discrete and continuous mathematics are underlined in particular. Application of mathematics The importance of mathematics for military-technical achievements is reflected in the fact that mathematics allowed the existence and development of military disciplines such as: fortifications, military statistics, military economics, cryptography, military psychology, air force, military-technical and military information science. There are also many applications using mathematical models and linear programming. Mathematics is thus necessary and indispensable as a tool, a way of expression and communication, as well as the basic creation of further progress. This article reveals the connection of mathematics and certain military areas that are important for the development of the armed forces and war materiel. The application of mathematics in military- technical achievements is entailed in the connection of mathematics with military disciplines. Information technology - Basic concepts Some identified problems occurring in military purposes are mentioned through some basic concepts and benefits related to information technology. Comparative description and listing of characteristic traits resulting in the noticed and given advantages and disadvantages highlighted the creation of information technologies, first by using conventional programs and programming and then by using artificial intelligence and expert systems.

  11. Leadership Change in North Korean Politics: The Succession to Kim Il Sung

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-01

    became a "guiding star" as early as 1973. In 1977, he was depicted as the "future sun" and the "blessed sunshine ." He has not yet been called the "sun...34 but "future sun" and "blessed sunshine " indicate that he is the future leader, following his father. In recent years, the father and the son have been...image to be destroyed after his death. Rather, he is eager to eternalize the leader-father image through generations. It is therefore prudent to

  12. Sinise ookeani strateegia : konkurentsi vältimise kunst / W. Chan Kim, Renee Mauborgne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kim, W. Chan, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Sinise ookeani strateegia õpetab, kuidas tegutseda konkurentidest vabal turul. Kommenteerib Hansapanga juhatuse esimees Erkki Raasuke. Lisad: Sinine ookean Tartus; Punane ookean versus sinine ookean. Tabel: Sinise ookeani loomise ajaloost

  13. The role of relA and spoT in Yersinia pestis KIM5 pathogenicity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Sun

    Full Text Available The ppGpp molecule is part of a highly conserved regulatory system for mediating the growth response to various environmental conditions. This mechanism may represent a common strategy whereby pathogens such as Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, regulate the virulence gene programs required for invasion, survival and persistence within host cells to match the capacity for growth. The products of the relA and spoT genes carry out ppGpp synthesis. To investigate the role of ppGpp on growth, protein synthesis, gene expression and virulence, we constructed a Delta relA Delta spoT Y. pestis mutant. The mutant was no longer able to synthesize ppGpp in response to amino acid or carbon starvation, as expected. We also found that it exhibited several novel phenotypes, including a reduced growth rate and autoaggregation at 26 degrees C. In addition, there was a reduction in the level of secretion of key virulence proteins and the mutant was > 1,000-fold less virulent than its wild-type parent strain. Mice vaccinated subcutaneously (s.c. with 2.5x10(4 CFU of the Delta relA Delta spoT mutant developed high anti-Y. pestis serum IgG titers, were completely protected against s.c. challenge with 1.5x10(5 CFU of virulent Y. pestis and partially protected (60% survival against pulmonary challenge with 2.0x10(4 CFU of virulent Y. pestis. Our results indicate that ppGpp represents an important virulence determinant in Y. pestis and the Delta relA Delta spoT mutant strain is a promising vaccine candidate to provide protection against plague.

  14. A live attenuated strain of Yersinia pestis KIM as a vaccine against plague.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wei; Six, David; Kuang, Xiaoying; Roland, Kenneth L; Raetz, Christian R H; Curtiss, Roy

    2011-04-01

    Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, is a potential weapon of bioterrorism. Y. pestis evades the innate immune system by synthesizing tetra-acylated lipid A with poor Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-stimulating activity at 37°C, whereas hexa-acylated lipid A, a potent TLR4 agonist, is made at lower temperatures. Synthesis of Escherichia coli LpxL, which transfers the secondary laurate chain to the 2'-position of lipid A, in Y. pestis results in production of hexa-acylated lipid A at 37°C, leading to significant attenuation of virulence. Previously, we described a Y. pestis vaccine strain in which crp expression is under the control of the arabinose-regulated araC P(BAD) promoter, resulting in a 4-5 log reduction in virulence. To reduce the virulence of the crp promoter mutant further, we introduced E. coli lpxL into the Y. pestis chromosome. The χ10030(pCD1Ap) (ΔlpxP32::P(lpxL)lpxL ΔP(crp21)::TT araC P(BAD)crp) construct likewise produced hexa-acylated lipid A at 37°C and was significantly more attenuated than strains harboring each individual mutation. The LD(50) of the mutant in mice, when administered subcutaneously or intranasally was >10(7)-times and >10(4)-times greater than wild type, respectively. Mice immunized subcutaneously with a single dose of the mutant were completely protected against a subcutaneous challenge of 3.6×10(7) wild-type Y. pestis and significantly protected (80% survival) against a pulmonary challenge of 1.2×10(4) live cells. Intranasal immunization also provided significant protection against challenges by both routes. This mutant is an immunogenic, highly attenuated live Y. pestis construct that merits further development as a vaccine candidate.

  15. Korea(n) divided : Third space existence in Kim Ki Duk's Wild Animals

    OpenAIRE

    Hübinette, Tobias

    2004-01-01

    International adoption from Korea constitutes the background to this study. The forced migration of Korean children has by now continued for over half a century, resulting in a diaspora of more than 150,000 adopted Koreans dispersed among 15 main host countries on the continents of Europe, North America and Oceania. Both the demographic scope, the time span and the geographic spread are absolutely unique in a comparative historical child migratory perspective, and still over 2,000 children le...

  16. Sinise ookeani strateegia : konkurentsi vältimise kunst / W. Chan Kim, Renee Mauborgne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kim, W. Chan, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Sinise ookeani strateegia õpetab, kuidas tegutseda konkurentidest vabal turul. Kommenteerib Hansapanga juhatuse esimees Erkki Raasuke. Lisad: Sinine ookean Tartus; Punane ookean versus sinine ookean. Tabel: Sinise ookeani loomise ajaloost

  17. Inglise keel pole ainus võõrkeel / Mari Tarvas, Merle Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarvas, Mari, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Kogu maailmas on viimastel aastakümnetel võtnud võimust tendents õpetada inglise keelt esimese võõrkeelena. Paljud riigid on astunud samme keelelise mitmekesisuse taastamiseks, teiste hulgas ka Eesti

  18. Kuus sammu langusest võitjana väljumiseks / Udo Jung, Reinhard Messenbock, Harold Sirkin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Udo

    2008-01-01

    Boston Consulting Groupi ettevõtete küsitlusest selgus, et lisaks kulude kärpimisele on ettevõtted tarvitusele võtnud ka teisi meetmeid majandussurutisega võitlemiseks. Kuus soovitust, mida teha

  19. Kuus sammu langusest võitjana väljumiseks / Udo Jung, Reinhard Messenbock, Harold Sirkin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Udo

    2008-01-01

    Boston Consulting Groupi ettevõtete küsitlusest selgus, et lisaks kulude kärpimisele on ettevõtted tarvitusele võtnud ka teisi meetmeid majandussurutisega võitlemiseks. Kuus soovitust, mida teha

  20. Inglise keel pole ainus võõrkeel / Mari Tarvas, Merle Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarvas, Mari, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Kogu maailmas on viimastel aastakümnetel võtnud võimust tendents õpetada inglise keelt esimese võõrkeelena. Paljud riigid on astunud samme keelelise mitmekesisuse taastamiseks, teiste hulgas ka Eesti

  1. Psychoandragogy: Applying Insights from the Depth Psychology of Carl Jung to Adult Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rock, Michael E.

    The issue of relationship is important personally and organizationally. Individuals find themselves, discover who they are, existentially and psychologically speaking, in the living of their relationships. The question is then what adult education experience is available--solid in theory and in practice--to teach the art and science of the "90…

  2. Ein richtiger Junge spielt nicht mit Mädchen! Die zwei Kulturen der Kindheit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Sieverding

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available In ihrem neuen Buch beschreibt Eleanor Maccoby in einem narrativen Forschungsüberblick die unterschiedlichen Kulturen von Mädchen und Jungen in der Kindheit. Sie vertritt dabei die These, dass eine weitgehende Geschlechtertrennung in der Kindheit die Ursache für Geschlechtsunterschiede im psychischen Erleben und Verhalten Erwachsener ist.

  3. The Innermost Kernel Depth Psychology and Quantum Physics. Wolfgang Pauli's Dialogue with C.G Jung

    CERN Document Server

    Gieser, Suzanne

    2005-01-01

    "The Innermost Kernel" recounts the physicist and Nobel Laureate Wolfgang Pauli and his interest in Jungian psychology, philosophy and western world-view. It is also an exploration of the intellectual setting and context of Pauli's thinking, which has its starting point in the cultural and intellectual climate of fin-de-siècle Europe. As a contribution to the general history of quantum physics this study has a special focus on the psychological and philosophical issues discussed by physicists belonging to the Copenhagen school. The work is mainly based on the correspondence of the principle characters and explores some of the central issues discussed there, as for instance the subject-object relation, complementarity, the relation of conscious and unconscious, the process underlying concept-formation, the psychology of scientific discovery, the symbolic world of alchemy, the theories of archetypes and of synchronicity. Ultimately this book is about a remarkable scientist searching for a new understanding of ...

  4. Jung, individuation, and moral relativity in Qohelet 7:16--17.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotzé, Zacharias

    2014-04-01

    Qohelet's warning in chapter 7:16 'not to be too righteous' has commonly been interpreted by biblical scholars in ways that acquit the author of teaching immorality. This article approaches the text from a psychological critical perspective, bringing it into dialogue with the psychological maturation process of individuation in Jungian psychology. The confrontation with the shadow, made up of reprehensible qualities residing in the unconscious that a person wishes to deny, forms the prologue to this process. Projection or repression of these primitive instincts can lead to various problems, such as stagnation and neurosis. Raising the shadowy, primitive, and archaic content of the unconscious to consciousness and integrating it with the ego, however, leads to a mysterious union of opposites and a new personality, a 'self' that transcends consciousness.

  5. Robert Boschi Sihtasutuse konkursi Junge Wege in Europa laureaatide austamiskoosolekul / Lennart Meri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meri, Lennart, 1929-2006

    2007-01-01

    Saksa Liidupäeva Saadikutekojas Berliinis 31. jaanuaril 2003. a. peetud kõne. Huvi, poolehoid ja toetus, mida Balti riigid oma iseseisvuse taastamisel ja õigusriigi kujundamisel on leidnud teistelt demokraatlikelt riikidelt ei jäta kahtlust, et sõna Vergangenheitsbewältigung (toimetulek minevikuga) puudutab kõiki demokraatlikke riike maailmas. Eesti välispoliitilised prioriteedid

  6. Ein richtiger Junge spielt nicht mit Mädchen! Die zwei Kulturen der Kindheit

    OpenAIRE

    Monika Sieverding

    2001-01-01

    In ihrem neuen Buch beschreibt Eleanor Maccoby in einem narrativen Forschungsüberblick die unterschiedlichen Kulturen von Mädchen und Jungen in der Kindheit. Sie vertritt dabei die These, dass eine weitgehende Geschlechtertrennung in der Kindheit die Ursache für Geschlechtsunterschiede im psychischen Erleben und Verhalten Erwachsener ist.

  7. Is analytical psychology a religion? Jung's search for a substitute for lost faith.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storr, A

    1999-10-01

    Analytical psychology does not aim at curing neurotic symptoms, but at bringing about a change in the patient's attitude to him or her self, and therefore to life in general. This new attitude can be described as religious, but it has nothing to do with creeds or conventional forms of worship. Analytical psychology is not a religon, but can be described as a prolegomenon to religion or religion in statu nascendi.

  8. Gender Legacies of Jung and Freud as Epistemology in Emergent Feminist Research on Late Motherhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryann Barone-Chapman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available While conducting doctoral research in social science on late motherhood, two analytical engagements with the feminine came to my attention as evidence of a patriarchal bias toward the realm of womanhood. Jung’s mythopoetic tension between symbolism and enactments with the feminine and Freud’s supposition that a denial of the feminine was necessary for psychological and emotional development appeared to be perpetuating a social problem continuing in current times. Across affective behavior and narrative within stories of late procreative desire, dream journals and Word Association Tests of eight participants was the memory of a male sibling who had enjoyed primacy of place in the parental home over the daughter. The female body with a voice was missing in the one-sided perspectives of Analytical Psychology and Psychoanalysis on the subject of the feminine, until a whole view of psyche’s discontents in Feminist inspired Psychoanalytic theories from both schools on the female body were included. Freud and Jung’s views became evidence of patriarchy as background while extension of Feminist inspired psychoanalytical thinking, Queer theories and Creation Myth allowed new meanings of the embodied feminine to emerge through a recapitulation of a union of opposites as a union of epistemology and ethos. The essence of Jung’s mid-life theories, altered by modernity and eclipsed by female advancement, remains replicatable and paradigmatic outside of essentialist gender performance.

  9. Theoretical foundation for jung's “Mandala Symbolism” based on discrete chaotic dynamics of interacting neurons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Gontar

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on discrete chaotic dynamics algorithms different patterns in a form of mandalas have been generated. This fact gives us the possibility to make a link between mechanism of biochemical reaction dynamics undergoing in brain resulted to the brain creativity process in form of mandalas. Obtained patterns can be related to the space distributed chemicals according to the law of extended principle of maximum entropy, consideration of the information exchange during biochemical transformations, mass conservation law and discrete chaotic dynamics principles.

  10. Arendt, Jung e Humanismo: um olhar interdisciplinar sobre a violência

    OpenAIRE

    Xavier,Marlon

    2008-01-01

    O presente trabalho é um ensaio de natureza teórica que tece reflexões sobre o fenômeno da violência no mundo contemporâneo a partir da perspectiva dada pela filosofia política de Hannah Arendt. Partindo de sua interpretação de Kant, conectamos a teoria original sobre a violência de Arendt com sua base filosófica, o humanismo. À compreensão mais filosófica e social dada por Arendt, buscamos acrescentar, em uma abordagem interdisciplinar quiçá inédita para o tema, as contribuições dadas pela p...

  11. Relationship between Personality Types Conceptualized by C. G. Jung and Latvian IT Specialist Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maris Dargis

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available General people’s personality types, as well as idiosyncrasies and cognition and perception characteristics specific to each type, are a common research item, especially in such areas as pedagogics, human resource management, etc. Personality traits characteristic for individuals and teams of certain specific avocations (i.e., project teams, however, are a much less explored subject. In this area, the amount of conducted research is congruent with the geopolitical location and directly correlates with the possibility of finding practical applications for the findings of said research. This study presents the initial findings of such research, within the scope of which the idiosyncrasies common for IT specialists were explored using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI model. These initial findings can be used as the foundation for further study on the subject, helping to create a general Latvian IT specialist’s personality profile, and, possibly, identifying the areas that need development, while taking into consideration the tendencies and requirements of the Latvian IT market, as well as those of  the labour market worldwide.

  12. The Korean economic crisis and coping strategies in the health sector: pro-welfarism or neoliberalism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chang-Yup

    2005-01-01

    In South Korea, there have been debates on the welfare policies of the Kim Dae-jung government after the economic crisis beginning in late 1997, but it is unquestionable that health and health care policies have followed the trend of neoliberal economic and social polices. Public health measures and overall performance of the public sector have weakened, and the private health sector has further strengthened its dominance. These changes have adversely affected the population's health status and access to health care. However, the anti-neoliberal coalition is preventing the government's drive from achieving a full success.

  13. A valuation method on physiological functionality of food materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-10-15

    This reports is about valuation method on physiological functionality of food materials. It includes ten reports: maintenance condition of functional foods in Korea by Kim, Byeong Tae, management plan and classification of functional foods by Jung, Myeong Seop, measurement method vitality of functional foods for preventing diabetes, measurement way of aging delayed activation by Lee, Jae Yong, improvement on effectiveness of anti hypertension by functional foods by Park, Jeon Hong, and practice case for the method of test on anti gastritis antiulcer by Lee, Eun Bang.

  14. Planar Dipole Input Resistance vs. Trace Thickness for Different Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    antenna for RFID applications. IEEE Xplore Digital Library (2014): n. pag. Web. 31 July 2014. 2. Rida A, Yang L, Vyas R, Tentzeris MM. Conductive inkjet...printed antennas on flexible low-cost paper-based substrates for RFID and WSN applications. IEEE Xplore Digital Library (2014): n. pag. Web. 31 July...2014. 3. Kim J-Y, Hwang C-R, Jo S-H, Jung W-G. Highly clear conductive polymer electrode Films hybridized with gold nanoparticles. IEEE Xplore Digital

  15. Japanese History, Post-Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Lazopoulos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Jason Ānanda Josephson, The Invention of Religion in Japan. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012. 408 pp. $90 (cloth, $30 (paper. Hwansoo Ilmee Kim, Empire of the Dharma: Korean and Japanese Buddhism, 1877–1912. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012. 444 pp. $50 (cloth. Jung-Sun N. Han, An Imperial Path to Modernity: Yoshino Sakuzō and a New Liberal Order in East Asia, 1905–1937. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2012. 244 pp. $40 (cloth.

  16. Journal Of The Korean Hydrogen Energy Society 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-11-15

    This book is the Journal of the Korean hydrogen energy society, which includes study on the improvement of the electrochemical characteristics of surface-modified V-Ti-Cr alloy by Ball-milling by Kim, Jin Ho; Lee, Sang Min; Lee, Ho; Lee, Paul S. and Lee, Jai Young, hydrogen generation from water using cds-zns photocatalysts by Heo, Gwi Suk, characteristics of Y-Hx Film by Cho, Young Sin; Kim, Sun Hee, and effect of Cu powder as a compacting material on the discharge characteristics of the negative electrode of Ni-MH battery by Jung, J. H.; Han, Y. S.; Yu, J. S.; Jang, K. J.; Lee, J. Y.

  17. Psikografik Bir Pazar Bölümlendirme Değişkeni Olarak Cinsiyet Kimliği: Tüketim Araştirmalarinda Cinsiyet Kimliği Kavraminin İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    ÇABUK, Prof.Dr. Serap; ARAÇ, Arş.Gör. Selin KÖKSAL

    2013-01-01

    Sex is an important variable of market segmentation to explain consumer behaviour and the effect of sex on attributes attitudes and behaviours of consumers is examined in many of the researches of marketing literature Sex that examined as a demographic variable in consumer behaviour researches means biological sex The other concept “consumer identity” that had appeared in psychology literature since 1930s and had taken effect on consumer researches since 1960s means psychological sex Psyc...

  18. STUDY OF ADOLESCENT ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING (AUB AND ITS OUTCOME - IN TERTIARY CENTRE K.I.M.S. KARAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manisha M

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND/AIMS: Menstruation is a normal part of adolescence, but for girls with excessive uterine bleeding, it can be associated with significant morbidity . Menstrual disorders and abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB are among the most frequent gynaecological complaints of adolescents . AUB has been defined in the past by a variety of terms and there have been inconsistencies and lack of categorization of various potential causes of AUB. To have standard nomenclature internationally, palm coein Classification of AUB was introduced in 2011 by FIGO Menstrual disorder group for non - pregnant, reproductive age women. In the present study we ai med to evaluate cases of adolescent AUB by investigations and palm coein approach. METHOD S : The study was conducted prospectively on all adolescent girls attending OPD at Krishna institute of medical sciences Karad, Menstrual complaints were classified according to palm coein approach after a thorough history taking, examination and investigation s. RESULTS: Prevalence of menstrual disorders in adolescents was 64.5%, of which 86.90% were attributed to AUB. Palm coein approach was applied to AUB cases. Ovulatory disorders (AUB - 0 formed a major chunk of adolescent AUB (96.90%, of which 60.60% were due to immaturity of Hypothalamic Pituitary Ovarian axis, 27.87% due to polycystic ovarian syn drome and 8.48% due to Thyroid disorders. Contribution of coagulopathy to AUB was 2.42%. Polyps and leiomyoma were seen in 1.2% and 0.6% of cases respectively. A ll cases were classified when palm coein was applied. CONCLUSION: AUB in adolescents can also be classified by palm coein to standardize nomenclature and abandonment of terms like menorrhagia, metrorrhagia and dysfunc tional uterine bleeding and treated it successfully.

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Low-resolution near-infrared stellar spectra from CIBER (Kim+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, M. G.; Lee, H. M.; Arai, T.; Bock, J.; Cooray, A.; Jeong, W.-S.; Kim, S. J.; Korngut, P.; Lanz, A.; Lee, D. H.; Lee, M. G.; Matsumoto, T.; Matsuura, S.; Nam, U. W.; Onishi, Y.; Shirahata, M.; Smidt, J.; Tsumura, K.; Yamamura, I.; Zemcov, M.

    2017-06-01

    We present flux-calibrated near-infrared spectra of 105 stars from 0.8{prism-dispersed spectrometer with five rectangular 5.35°*2.8' slits imaging a 5.8°*5.8° field of view. The detector has 256*256 pixels at a pixel scale of 1.36'*1.36'. CIBER has flown four times (2009 February, 2010 July, 2012 March, and 2013 June) with apogees and total exposure times of over 325km and ~240s, respectively, in the first three flights and of 550km and 335s in the final, non-recovered flight. Due to spurious signal contamination from thermal emission from the shock-heated rocket skin, we do not use the first flight data in this work. The star spectral types are determined by fitting known spectral templates to the measured LRS spectra. We use the Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) and Pickles 1998 (Cat. J/PASP/110/863) templates for the SED fitting. The SpeX instrument installed on the IRTF observed stars using a medium-resolution spectrograph (R=2000). The template library contains spectra for 210 cool stars (F to M type) with wavelength coverage from 0.8 to 2.5μm (Cushing 2005ApJ...623.1115C; Rayner 2009ApJS..185..289R). The Pickles library is a synthetic spectral library that combines spectral data from various observations to achieve wavelength coverage from the UV (0.115μm) to the near-infrared (2.5μm). It contains 131 spectral templates for all star types (i.e., O to M type) with a uniform sampling interval of 5Å. (6 data files).

  20. North Korean Leadership Dynamics and Decision-making under Kim Jong-un: A Second Year Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Suryong is an impeccable brain of the living body, the masses can be endowed with their life in exchange for their loyalty to him, and the Party is the...rarely used in North Korean mass media. It later became personified as Nodong Sinmun increasingly cited the “Party Center” (tang chungang) as the brains ... teens , were

  1. Savremene metode analize ulja u tehničkim sistemima / Modern methods of oil analysis in technical systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreten R. Perić

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Analiza ulja na osnovu pravilno definisanog programa predstavlja veoma efikasan metod monitoringa stanja tehničkih sistema koji obezbeđuje rane upozoravajuće znake potencijalnih problema, koji vode ka otkazu i zastoju tehničkih sistema. Ova analiza je veoma efikasan alat programa za monitoring stanja tehničkih sistema. Mnogobrojni uređaji i testovi za analizu ulja omogućavaju kvalitetan monitoring i dijagnosticiranje problema koji nastaju u procesu podmazivanja. Korišćenjem programa za analizu motornih ulja: skraćuje se neplanirano vreme otkaza vozila, poboljšava pouzdanost vozila, produžava radni vek motora, optimizira interval zamene ulja i smanjuju troškovi održavanja vozila. / Different technical systems require an appropriate lubricant to be used at an appropriate place, at appropriate time and in appropriate quantity. Determination of technical systems condition has a very important role in the development of theory and practice of friction, wear and lubrication. Lubricant is, as a contact element of tribomechanical systems, a carrier of information about the state of the whole system, from the aspect of tribological and other ageing processes. The analysis of oils, based on a properly defined program, thus represents a very effective method for monitoring the condition of technical systems, which ensures early warning signals of potential problems that could lead to failure and break down of technical systems. Introduction It is not always simple to determine a type of lubricant, frequency of lubrication and the quantity of lubricant to be used. The optimal recommendation would be to follow specifications of technical system manufacturers, experience, lab research or professional recommendation of lubricant suppliers. Rational lubricant consumption can be obtained by timely oil replacement, which then enables a maximum possible period of use as well as high-quality lubrication. Since the primary role of lubricants is to reduce negative effects of tribological processes related to friction, wear and temperature increase in tribomechanical systems, all types of maintenance include lubrication as a very important part of the whole procedure. On the other hand, lubricant is, as a contact element of the system, a carrier of information about the condition of the whole system, from the aspect of tribological and other ageing processes. Therefore, an analysis of oils, based on a properly defined program, represents a very effective method for monitoring the condition of technical systems, which ensures early warning signals of potential problems that could lead to failure and break down of technical systems. Besides mechanical components in a system structure, the condition of lubricant itself is also affected, which leads to a loss of lubricating properties. Contamination and degradation of lubricating oils There are numerous opportunities for contamination and degradation of lubricating oils. Contamination and degradation of oil exploitation cannot be completely prevented, but can be significantly reduced, which is very important both for oil and for a technical system itself. The rate and degree of degradation of oil are proportional to the rate and extent of contamination. It is therefore important to prevent rapid contamination of oil, before and during use. The spectrum of oil contaminants is considerably wide. Any contaminant destructive impact on oil, reducing its physical-chemical and working properties, results in shortening its service life as well as the service life of the technical system in question. During oil exploitation, changes occur in: chemical compositions and properties of base oils, chemical compositions and properties of additives, and consequently chemical compositions of oils in general, as a result of contamination and degradation. The most significant oil contaminants are base oils degradation products, additives degradation products, metal particles as a result of wear processes, solid particles from the environment, water and products of fuel combustion. During the operation the following changes occur: contamination of oil by the products of its own degradation, by products of incomplete combustion of fuel and by contaminants of various origin. The main objectives of the analysis and monitoring of oil exploitation in vehicles The main objectives of the analysis and monitoring of oil exploitation in vehicles are: - analysis of system element wear processes, - analysis of lubricant contamination processes, - monitoring changes in the properties of lubricants in order to optimize the life of system functionality control (penetration of contaminants, temperature and pressure, filter efficiency, etc. and - determining the extent of damage and causes of failure. The analysis of the contents of different metals in lubricants is very important. Metal particles are abrasive, and act as catalysts in oil oxidation. In motor oils, they can originate from additives, wear processes, fuel, air and cooling liquid. Metals from additives may be Zn, Ca, Ba, or Mg and they indicate additive deterioration. Metals originating from wear are: Fe, Pb, Cu, Cr, Al, Mn, Ag, Sn, and they point to increased wear in these systems. The elements originating from cooling liquids are Na and B, and their increased content indicates the penetration of cooling liquid in the lubricant. The increased content of Si or Ca, which originate from the air, points to a malfunction of the air filter. Condition monitoring through oil analysis tests There are many different types of oil analysis tests that are used to evaluate lubricants. The tests must cover three areas: technical system condition, contamination condition, and lubricant condition. From the technical system condition aspect, attention should be paid to the presence of any metal particles in oil and the tendencies in their change. The second focus would be the lubricant condition, especially viscosity change, increase in oxidation, and signs of additive depletion. The third focus would be impurities, where the emphasis should be placed on particle number, water content and metal impurities. Theoretically, oil analyses are divided into three classes. In reality, all three condition-monitoring classes are interrelated and must be considered as a whole. For example, an increase in viscosity could be an indication that a lubricant is oxidizing. But oxidation could be an incorrect conclusion, if there is no indication of an increasing oxidation tendency obtained either by the acid number (AN values analysis or the Fourier Transform-Infrared (FT-IR analysis. Lubricant monitoring enables its refreshing or replacement before serious technical system damage occurs. If damage is noticed in the course of operation, and is caused by impurities or lubricant problems, the technical system condition can be monitored and the system may be shut down immediately to minimize damage. There are the two types of alarms, i.e. warning signs used in oil analysis: absolute and statistical alarms. An effective oil analysis relies on the combination of both types. The warning limit is the absolute alarm. The statistical tendency takes into account variability based on oil sampling and its contamination and represents the standard deviation. The deviation from the normal variability indicates serious problems, which is the first signal for taking action and dealing with the problem. As the deviation tendency approaches the warning limit, oil replacement, oil purification or a system inspection is required. Metal particles content and viscosity or some other parameters can be tested. The normal variability range takes into account minor variations caused by analytical accuracy, sample homogeneity, etc. Statistical alarms, which provide the earliest possible warning without false alarms, are difficult to achieve. The factors such as oil adding or changing, filter changes and a sampling technique can distort the results. The following tests are most frequently used in technical system condition monitoring: - Spectrometric Analysis, - Analytical Ferrography, - Rotrode Filter Spectroscopy (RFS, - Infrared Analysis (FT-IR, - Viscosity, - Total acid number (TAN, - Total Base Number (TBN - Water and Particle Count.

  2. PROMENE KRVNOG PRITISKA U TOKU TESTA FIZIČKIM OPTEREĆENJEM KOD NORMOTENZIVNIH I HIPERTENZIVNIH REKREATIVACA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Šaranović

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. Arterial hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity in developed countries. It often decreases functional capacities of the cardiovascular system. Changes of pressure during physical exercise are a very significant a prognostic factor. Aim. The aim of this investigation was to assess changes of blood pressure and heart rate during exercise in normotensive and hypertensive men involved in recreational physical activity. Methods. The study included 90 young men (aged 30-40 years involved in recreation (60 with hypertension, 30 with normal pressure. The bicycle ergometer test was performed after rest, the load increased gradually from 50 to 125W. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at rest and during the exercise. Results. Systolic and diastolic pressure increased signifi cantly in both groups during the ergometry test, compared to the values at rest. This increase was higher among hypertensive men for every graduation of test load (p<0.05. Heart rate was similar in both groups at rest, but higher values were noted among hypertensive men (p<0.05.

  3. Uporaba abrazivnog vodenog mlaza za mjerenje zaostalih naprezanja u željezničkim kotačima

    OpenAIRE

    Hlaváček, Petr; Brumek, Jan; Horsák, Lukáš

    2012-01-01

    The paper provides a general introduction to methods of measurement of residual stresses on railway wheels. Determination of residual stress distribution is necessary for the prediction of wheel service life and possible catastrophic failure. Therefore experimental section is devoted to residual stress measurement using strain gauges according to standard EN 13262 + A1. During measurement, several segments of tested wheel were cut by abrasive water jet to detect changes of residual s...

  4. Growth of a plasmid-bearing (pYV) Yersinia pestis KIM5 in retail raw ground pork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yersinia pestis can cause oro-pharyngeal plague as a result of consumption or handling of meat from infected animals. Thus, food naturally or intentionally contaminated can have a role in the dissemination of human plague. The growth of a conditionally virulent plasmid (pYV)-bearing rifampicin-res...

  5. CORRELATION OF OBESITY, INSULIN RE SI S TANCE AND LIPID PROFILE IN WOMEN WITH PCOS IN KIMS HOSPITAL BANGALORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shashikala H

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition associated with chronic anovulation, insulin resistance and androgen excess. Dyslipidemia, diabetes, obesity are all potent cardiovascular risk factors that tend to cluster in women with PCOD. These cannot be explained by obesity alone. Thus the need arises to study the effect of insulin resistance on these factors. This will help in assessing the long term cardiovascular morbidity in PCOD patients and take necessary preventive steps. OBJECTIVES : To analyze the infuence of obesity on lipid profile of PCOS women. To analyze the influence of insulin resistance on lipid profile in PCOS women. MATERIALS AND METHODS : In this prospective study done from December 2013 to September 2014, 50 women with PCOS had their body mass index and waist to hip ratio calculated. GTT, fasting and post prandial insulin, lipid profile was also done for each case. Insulin resistance was defined by fasting glucose to insulin ratio of less than or equal to 4.5. The association of obesity markers and insulin resistance with lipid markers was then studied. Statistical analysis using Student t test and ANOVA was done as indicated. Significance is assessed at 5% level of significance. RESULTS : Insulin resistance was seen in 56 percent of the cases. There was no correlation between markers of obesity (BMI and Waist to Hip ratio and the various lipid parameters. But in PCOS women with insulin resistance the lipid profile was significantly different (high triglycerides and lower high density lipoprotein compared to the insulin sensitive women. The difference between the two groups for triglycerides and HDL was statistically significant but that for LDL and total cholesterol was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION : Insulin resistance is associated with dyslipidemia in women with PCOS, independent of obesity.

  6. Report on the Second KIMS-CNA Conference: The PLA Navys Build-Up and ROK-USN Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    are located in the Asia-Pacific: the Southwest Asian Seas, with the Malacca and Lombok Straits among others and sea lanes of communication (SLOCs...or Southeast Asia. If these routes were no longer cheap or safe, ships would use other routes, such as the Straits of Lombok and Makassar, or even...35 The Malacca and Lombok /Makassar Straits in Southeast Asia are an especially heavily burdened area in

  7. The Changing View of Abortion: A Study of Friedrich Wolf's Cyankali and Arnold Zweig's Junge Frau von 1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Schroeder-Krassnow

    1979-08-01

    Full Text Available With the end of the nineteenth century, women start becoming more independent, demanding more rights, making a place for themselves in society. The docile woman who is seduced by the socially higher male and in desperation commits infanticide begins to fade from literature. At the same time a new woman with a fresh vitality emerges and deals with the old problem of pregnancy and abortion. Two works which treat this type of woman are examined and the parallels as well as the differences between the portrayal are established. Although the heroines in Wolf's play and Zweig's novel come from different social backgrounds, they encounter almost identical problems in trying to have an abortion. Zweig's novel is more detailed in its account of the abortion than the play, and although it was written only two years after Wolf's play, Zweig takes the problem of the modern woman a big step further by not letting his heroine die as a result of the abortion.

  8. 荣格原型批评理论述论%Comment on Jung's Archetypal Criticism Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申利锋

    2010-01-01

    荣格原型批评理论以"集体无意识"和"原型"两个概念为基础.荣格将艺术作品分为显意识与无意识两类,相应的创作模式即是"心理的"和"幻觉的".荣格文艺思想的核心观点是,优秀的文学作品应通过原型来表现人类的集体无意识,以此来补偿现代人苦闷、冷漠的灵魂.

  9. Rezension zu: Thomas Rhyner, Bea Zumwald (Hg.: Coole Mädchen – starke Jungs. Bern: Haupt Verlag 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilde von Balluseck

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In dem Buch der Schweizer Herausgeber/-innen sind viele Beiträge mit großem Engagement, jedoch wenig analytischem Durchdringungsvermögen zusammengestellt. Es ist eine Hilfe für diejenigen Lehrkräfte, die noch nie etwas von Gleichstellungsbemühungen in der Schule gehört haben. Für alle anderen bringt es wenig Neues und führt intellektuell eher in die Vergangenheit als zukunftsweisend zu sein.

  10. Ein richtiger Junge spielt nicht mit Mädchen! Die zwei Kulturen der Kindheit The Two Cultures of Childhood

    OpenAIRE

    Monika Sieverding

    2001-01-01

    In ihrem neuen Buch beschreibt Eleanor Maccoby in einem narrativen Forschungsüberblick die unterschiedlichen Kulturen von Mädchen und Jungen in der Kindheit. Sie vertritt dabei die These, dass eine weitgehende Geschlechtertrennung in der Kindheit die Ursache für Geschlechtsunterschiede im psychischen Erleben und Verhalten Erwachsener ist.In her new book, Eleanor Maccoby describes the separate cultures of girls and boys using a narrative literature overview. According to her thesis, the separa...

  11. Ein richtiger Junge spielt nicht mit Mädchen! Die zwei Kulturen der Kindheit The Two Cultures of Childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Sieverding

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available In ihrem neuen Buch beschreibt Eleanor Maccoby in einem narrativen Forschungsüberblick die unterschiedlichen Kulturen von Mädchen und Jungen in der Kindheit. Sie vertritt dabei die These, dass eine weitgehende Geschlechtertrennung in der Kindheit die Ursache für Geschlechtsunterschiede im psychischen Erleben und Verhalten Erwachsener ist.In her new book, Eleanor Maccoby describes the separate cultures of girls and boys using a narrative literature overview. According to her thesis, the separation of the sexes in childhood is an important cause for psychological gender differences of adult men and women.

  12. An existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality in the works of Carl Jung and Carl Rogers

    OpenAIRE

    Sergey A. Kapustin

    2016-01-01

    This article is the third in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the first article (Kapustin, 2015a) I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human bein...

  13. Carl Gustav Jung, Quantum Physics and the Spiritual Mind: A Mystical Vision of the Twenty-First Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lothar Schäfer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe similarities in the ontology of quantum physics and of Carl Gustav Jung’s psychology. In spite of the fact that physics and psychology are usually considered as unrelated, in the last century, both of these disciplines have led at the same time to revolutionary changes in the Western understanding of the cosmic order, discovering a non-empirical realm of the universe that doesn’t consist of material things but of forms. These forms are real, even though they are invisible, because they have the potential to appear in the empirical world and act in it. We present arguments that force us to believe, that the empirical world is an emanation out of a cosmic realm of potentiality, whose forms can appear as physical structures in the external world and as archetypal concepts in our mind. Accordingly, the evolution of life now appears no longer as a process of the adaptation of species to their environment, but as the adaptation of minds to increasingly complex forms that exist in the cosmic potentiality. The cosmic connection means that the human mind is a mystical mind.

  14. Dynamic and coordinated single-molecular interactions at TM4SF5-enriched microdomains guide invasive behaviors in 2- and 3-dimensional environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hye-Jin; Kwon, Sojung; Nam, Seo Hee; Jung, Jae Woo; Kang, Minkyung; Ryu, Jihye; Kim, Ji Eon; Cheong, Jin-Gyu; Cho, Chang Yun; Kim, Somi; Song, Dae-Geun; Kim, Yong-Nyun; Kim, Tai Young; Jung, Min-Kyo; Lee, Kyung-Min; Pack, Chan-Gi; Lee, Jung Weon

    2017-04-01

    Membrane proteins sense extracellular cues and transduce intracellular signaling to coordinate directionality and speed during cellular migration. They are often localized to specific regions, as with lipid rafts or tetraspanin-enriched microdomains; however, the dynamic interactions of tetraspanins with diverse receptors within tetraspanin-enriched microdomains on cellular surfaces remain largely unexplored. Here, we investigated effects of tetraspan(in) TM4SF5 (transmembrane 4 L6 family member 5)-enriched microdomains (T5ERMs) on the directionality of cell migration. Physical association of TM4SF5 with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and integrin α5 was visualized by live fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy and higher-resolution microscopy at the leading edge of migratory cells, presumably forming TM4SF5-enriched microdomains. Whereas TM4SF5 and EGFR colocalized at the migrating leading region more than at the rear, TM4SF5 and integrin α5 colocalized evenly throughout cells. Cholesterol depletion and disruption in TM4SF5 post-translational modifications, including N-glycosylation and palmitoylation, altered TM4SF5 interactions and cellular localization, which led to less cellular migration speed and directionality in 2- or 3-dimensional conditions. TM4SF5 controlled directional cell migration and invasion, and importantly, these TM4SF5 functions were dependent on cholesterol, TM4SF5 post-translational modifications, and EGFR and integrin α5 activity. Altogether, we showed that TM4SF5 dynamically interacted with EGFR and integrin α5 in migratory cells to control directionality and invasion.-Kim, H.-J., Kwon, S., Nam, S. H., Jung, J. W., Kang, M., Ryu, J., Kim, J. E., Cheong, J.-G., Cho, C. Y., Kim, S., Song, D.-G., Kim, Y.-N., Kim, T. Y., Jung, M.-K., Lee, K.-M., Pack, C.-G., Lee, J. W. Dynamic and coordinated single-molecular interactions at TM4SF5-enriched microdomains guide invasive behaviors in 2- and 3-dimensional environments. © FASEB.

  15. Genetic polymorphisms of CASR and cancer risk: evidence from meta-analysis and HuGE review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeong S

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Sohyun Jeong, Jae Hyun Kim, Myeong Gyu Kim, Nayoung Han, In-Wha Kim, Therasa Kim, Jung Mi Oh College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea Background: CASR gene appears to be involved in cancer biology and physiology. However, a number of studies investigating CASR polymorphisms and cancer risks have presented inconclusive results. Thus, a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the effect of CASR polymorphisms on several cancer risks were performed to suggest a statistical evidence for the association of CASR polymorphisms with cancer risks.Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and the HuGE databases were searched. Nineteen articles of case–control and cohort studies were included for the final analysis.Results: The colorectal cancer risk was reduced in proximal (odds ratio [OR] =0.679, P=0.001 and distal (OR =0.753, P=0.026 colon sites with GG genotype of CASR rs1042636 and increased in distal colon site (OR =1.418, P=0.039 with GG genotype of rs1801726 by additive genetic model. The rs17251221 demonstrated noticeable associations that carrying a homozygote variant increases breast and prostate cancer risk considerably.Conclusion: The significant association of CASR polymorphisms with several cancer risks was observed in this review. In particular, the act of CASR polymorphisms as a tumor suppressor or an oncogene differs by cancer site and can be the research target for tumorigenesis. Keywords: rs1042636, rs1801725, rs1801726, systematic review, colorectal cancer

  16. Release of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 from alginate microcapsule encapsulating genetically engineered cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim YS

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Yeon Seong Kim,1,* Young-Il Jeong,2,* Shu-Guang Jin,2 Jian Pei,2 Min Wen,2 In-Young Kim,1 Kyung-Sub Moon,1 Tae-Young Jung,1 Hyang-Hwa Ryu2, Shin Jung1–3 1Department of Neurosurgery, 2Brain Tumor Research Laboratory, 3Chonnam National University Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital and Medical School, Jeollanam-do, Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: In this study, 293T cells were genetically engineered to secrete tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP2 and encapsulated into alginate microcapsules to continuously release TIMP2 protein. Methods: The anti-invasive potential of the microcapsules was studied in vitro using brain tumor cells. The TIMP2 gene was transfected to 293T cells, and genetically engineered 293TIMP2 cells were encapsulated into alginate microcapsules. Release of TIMP2 protein was detected with Western blot analysis and the anti-invasive potential against U87MG cells was tested using gelatin zymography and a Matrigel assay. Results: Cell viability within the alginate microcapsules was maintained at a cell density of 5 × 106. Because polycationic polymers are helpful for maintaining the mechanical strength of microcapsules with good cell viability, the alginate microcapsules were reinforced with chitosan (0.1% w/v. Expression of TIMP2 protein in cell lysates and secretion of TIMP2 into the conditioned medium was confirmed by Western blot analysis. Alginate microcapsules encapsulating 293TIMP2 cells released TIMP2 protein into the medium efficiently, where the TIMP2 protein participated in degradation of the matrix metalloproteinase-2 enzyme and inhibited invasion of U87MG cells. Conclusion: Alginate microcapsules encapsulating 293TIMP2 cells are promising candidates for anti-invasive treatment of glioma. Keywords: 293T cells, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2, alginate microcapsule, therapeutic protein

  17. Urinary Biomarkers KIM-1 and NGAL for Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease of Uncertain Etiology (CKDu) among Agricultural Communities in Sri Lanka

    OpenAIRE

    De Silva, Pallagae Mangala C. S.; Khaja Shameem Mohammed Abdul; Eakanayake M D V Eakanayake; Sudheera Sammanthi Jayasinghe; Channa Jayasumana; Hewa Bandulage Asanthi; Perera, Hettiarachigae S. D.; Gamage G Tushara Chaminda; Ediriweera P S Chandana; Siribaddana, Sisira H.

    2016-01-01

    Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu) is an emerging epidemic among farming communities in rural Sri Lanka. Victims do not exhibit common causative factors, however, histopathological studies revealed that CKDu is a tubulointerstitial disease. Urine albumin or albumin-creatinine ratio is still being used as a traditional diagnostic tool to identify CKDu, but accuracy and prevalence data generated are questionable. Urinary biomarkers have been used in similar nephropathy and are ...

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Very Low-Luminosity Objects (VeLLOs) from 1.25-850um (Kim+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, M.-R.; Lee, C. W.; Dunham, M. M.; Evans, N. J., II; Kim, G.; Allen, L. E.

    2016-10-01

    The Spitzer Gould Belt Survey (GBS) is a project to survey about 21 square degrees of 11 nearby molecular clouds at 3.6-160um to provide a census of star formation in nearby large clouds (P.I. L. Allen). Spitzer has mapped a total of 11 molecular clouds, CMC, Chamaeleon I, Chamaeleon III, Musca, Lupus V, Lupus VI, Ophiuchus North, Aquila, CrA, Cepheus, and IC 5146 with the IRAC and MIPS between 2004 March and 2008 October. We utilized the data provided by the c2d/GBS projects (Evans et al. 2009, J/ApJS/181/321; Dunham et al. 2015, J/ApJS/220/11). There are two cloud complexes which were not listed in the c2d/GBS projects, but observed by other projects, the Taurus molecular clouds and the Orion molecular clouds. The Taurus molecular clouds have been observed over an area of ~44 square degrees by one of the GTO programs (P.I. D. Padgett) with the IRAC and the MIPS instruments. The Orion molecular clouds have been surveyed in ~9°2 area by Spitzer (P.I. T. Megeath). See section 2.1 for further details. Complementary archive infrared data were retrieved from 2MASS and Herschel PACS and SPIRE and JCMT SCUBA-2; see section 2.2. We observed our sources with the N2H+(1-0) line with the Korean Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network (KVN) 21m radio telescopes from 2011 October to 2016 May for the northern hemisphere sources, and the Mopra 22m telescope in 2012 April for the southern hemisphere sources. See section 2.3 for further explanations. (8 data files).

  19. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and occupational risk factors in Kashan SAIPA automobile industry workers by key indicator method (KIM), 1390

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2012-01-01

    ... City’s Saipa automobile industry in 2011. .Material and Method: This study is a descriptive-cross sectional study conducted among workers with manual material handling 37 activities and 84 work duties...

  20. Evaluation of ephedrine, pseudoephedrine and phenylpropanolamine concentrations in human urine samples and a comparison of the specificity of DRI amphetamines and Abuscreen online (KIMS) amphetamines screening immunoassays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stout, Peter R; Klette, Kevin L; Horn, Carl K

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of two amphetamine class screening reagents to exclude ephedrine (EPH), pseudoephedrine (PSEPH), and phenylpropanolamine (PPA) from falsely producing positive immunoassay screening results. The study also sought to characterize the prevalence and concentration distributions of EPH, PSEPH, and PPA in samples that produced positive amphetamine screening results. Approximately 27,400 randomly collected human urine samples from Navy and Marine Corps members were simultaneously screened for amphetamines using the DRI and Abuscreen online immunoassays at a cutoff concentration of 500 ng/mL. All samples that screened positive were confirmed for amphetamine (AMP), methamphetamine (MTH), 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), EPH, PSEPH, and PPA by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The DRI AMP immunoassay identified 1,104 presumptive amphetamine positive samples, of which only 1.99% confirmed positive for the presence of AMP, MTH, MDA, or MDMA. In contrast, the online AMP reagent identified 317 presumptive amphetamine positives with a confirmation rate for AMP, MTH, MDA, or MDMA of 7.94%. The presence of EPH, PSEPH, or PPA was confirmed in 833 of the 1,104 samples that failed to confirm positive for AMP, MTH, MDA, or MDMA; all of the 833 samples contained PSEPH. When compared to the entire screened sample set, PSEPH was present in approximately 3%, EPH in 0.9%, and PPA in 0.8% of the samples. The results indicate that cross reactivities for EPH, PSEPH, and PPA are greater than reported by the manufacturer of these reagents. The distribution of concentrations indicates that very large concentrations of EPH, PSEPH, and PPA are common.

  1. RAZLIKE U NEKIM MOTORIČKIM SPOSOBNOSTIMA KOD UČENIKA OBUHVAĆENIM NASTAVNIM I VANNASTAVNIM AKTIVNOSTIMA IZ KOŠARKE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miodrag Kocić

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to determine the effects that the third class of physical education during one term had on the mobility of the students tested. 101 students, who were divided into two groups, took part in the research. The first group, which was the control group, was made up of 50 students and the second group was made up of the remaining 51 students who were members of the basketball section. The system for measuring mobility encompassed six different disciplines: the high jump, 20 meters high start race, pull-ups, press-ups, forward bend (and lifting the upper part of the body on the bench. All the results of the research were processed in a usual way giving the information on central and dispersion statistics for all disciplines. The differences between the groups were determined by discriminative analysis

  2. Review of the role of government in East Asian economic development, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997, Aoki, Kim and Okuno - Fujiwara (editors)

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Ajit

    1998-01-01

    This is an important and ambitious book but its timing could not be more unfortunate. It is the result of a two year research project co-sponsored by the Economic Development Institute (EDI) at the World Bank and by the Center for Economic Policy Research at Stanford University. The contributors who are based in the US, Japan, Korea and Malaysia are all leading experts in the subject. The book was apparently completed in October 1995; it therefore predates the current acute economic and finan...

  3. First experience under the exemption regime of EC Regulation 1228/2003 on Conditions for Access to the Network of Cross-Border Exchanges in Electricity / Kim Talus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talus, Kim

    2005-01-01

    23. aprillil 2005 Euroopa Komisjoni poolt vastu võetud otsusest anda roheline tuli Estlink'i projektile, mis tähendab koostööd Eesti ja Soome elektrivõrkude vahel ; Euroopa Komisjon võttis aluseks regulatsiooni nr. 1228/2003 artikli 7

  4. Myungshin Im, Won-Kee Park, Changsu Choi, Yiseul Jeon, Ji-Hoon Kim (CEOU/SNU), Giseon Baek, Young-Seok Oh, Soojong Pak (Kyunghee Univ.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, Myungshin; Park, Won-Kee; Choi, Changsu; Jeon, Yiseul; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Baek, Giseon; Oh, Young-Seok; Pak, Soojong

    2011-08-01

    On August 30 02:05 UT, we started observations of SN2011fe=PTF11kly (ATel#3581) in grizY and is/iz-bands using CQUEAN on the 2.1m telescope at McDonald observatory, and in zYJHK-bands using UKIRT. SN2011fe is found to have J~11.58 and K~11.55 mag (error~0.05 mag), still brightening in NIR with respect to ATel#3605.

  5. Tipovi kapitalizma, ekspanzija neoliberalizma i socijalni učinci u baltičkim zemljama, Sloveniji i Hrvatskoj: komparativni pristup

    OpenAIRE

    Lučev, Josip; Babić, Zdenko

    2013-01-01

    Europa je u posljednjih 40 godina doživjela »okretanje« tržištu na dvije razine. Prva je globalna »migratorna tehnologija« neoliberalizma koja se razvija od 1970-ih. Druga je tranzicija u središnjoj i istočnoj Europi u posljednjih dvadesetak godina. Mogu li se prepoznati alternativni razvojni putovi i modeli unutar zajedničke orijentacije tržištu i tržišnoj ekonomiji u Europi? Autori najprije ispituju fenomen neoliberalizma te se bave razmjerom u kojem su neoliberalne reforme primijenjene u p...

  6. Final Report: Letter to Mr. Kim Abbott, DOE-OAK Cal/EPA-UC Berkeley Bioremediation Reference Laboratory, Report, September 15, 1996 - November 1, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuhs, G. Wolfgang

    1999-03-15

    Letter-format report to Project Officer summarizing information on the establishment at the University of California Berkeley campus of a Bioremediation Reference Laboratory to provide independent reference services and testing as needed to assist the California Environmental Protection Agency in the evaluation of bioremediation technologies submitted for the certification/ verification of performance claims under California statute. The project resulted in the establishment of a technical capability not otherwise available to the Agency.

  7. U traganju za povijesnim, kulturnim i umjetničkim identitetom umjetnika Schiavona: crtice iz povijesti njihove recepcije u 16. i 17. stoljeću

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Prijatelj Pavičić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Autorica pokazuje kako su uz trojicu poznatih likovnih umjetnika Schiavona, Andreu Meldolu (Andriju Medulića, Nicolu dell'Arca i Julija Klovića, u historiografiji i književnosti XVI. i XVII. stoljeća bili povezivani neki od identitetskih stereotipa koji su se i inače tada u književnosti i historiografiji povezivali uz Slavene, Ilire, Dalmatince, Morlake i Hrvate. Primjerice, kvalifikativ „barbarski“ koji se u bolonjskoj historiografiji XVI. st. povezuje uz Nicolu dell'Arca, predstavlja jednu od takvih nekoć uvriježenih stereotipnih skjavonskih karakteristike. U prvom dijelu rada autorica se bavi interpretacijama hrvatskog i makedonskog identiteta (porijekla slavnoga minijaturiste Julija Klovića u XVI. st., u djelima Klovićevih suvremenika poput Giorgia Vasarija i Francisca de Holande, te tijekom XIX. i XX. st, u radovima Ivana Kukuljevića Sakcinskoga, Ivana Goluba i Milana Pelca. Posebna se pažnja posvećuje danas dominantnoj hipotezi da bi „makedonstvo“ Julija Klovića moglo biti izmišljeno s ciljem posvjedočenja njegove umjetničke i rodne ukorijenjenosti u antičko tlo. U drugom se dijelu obrađuju zapisi o Andrei Meldoli i Nicoli dell'Arca u djelima talijanskih historiografa Girolama Borsellija, Cherubina Cherardaccija, Carla Ridolfija i Marca Boschinija, koji su pokušavali stilske specifičnosti kod ove dvojice umjetnika tumačiti kao posljedicu njihovog genotipa i fenotipa. Autorica se posebice osvrće na pojavu ideologema o barbarskom karakteru Nicole dell'Arca u zapisima Girolama Borsellija (kraj XV. st. i Cherubina Cherardaccija (XVI. st..

  8. First experience under the exemption regime of EC Regulation 1228/2003 on Conditions for Access to the Network of Cross-Border Exchanges in Electricity / Kim Talus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talus, Kim

    2005-01-01

    23. aprillil 2005 Euroopa Komisjoni poolt vastu võetud otsusest anda roheline tuli Estlink'i projektile, mis tähendab koostööd Eesti ja Soome elektrivõrkude vahel ; Euroopa Komisjon võttis aluseks regulatsiooni nr. 1228/2003 artikli 7

  9. Marine Nutraceuticals: Prospects and Perspectives. By Se-Kwon Kim, CRC Press, 2013; 464 Pages. Price £108.00, ISBN 978-1-4665-1351-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The following paragraphs are reproduced from the publisher’s website [1]. There is a great deal of consumer interest in natural bioactive substances due to their health benefits. Offering the potential to provide valuable nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients, marine-derived compounds are an abundant source of nutritionally and pharmacologically active agents, with both chemical diversity and complexity. Functional ingredients derived from marine algae, invertebrates, vertebrates, and microorganisms can help fill the need for novel bioactives to treat chronic conditions such as cancer, microbial infections, and inflammatory processes.

  10. Titanium dioxide induces apoptotic cell death through reactive oxygen species-mediated Fas upregulation and Bax activation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoon TH

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ki-Chun Yoo1, Chang-Hwan Yoon1, Dongwook Kwon2, Kyung-Hwan Hyun1, Soo Jung Woo1, Rae-Kwon Kim1, Eun-Jung Lim1, Yongjoon Suh1, Min-Jung Kim1, Tae Hyun Yoon2, Su-Jae Lee11Laboratory of Molecular Biochemistry, 2Laboratory of Nanoscale Characterization and Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of KoreaBackground: Titanium dioxide (TiO2 has been widely used in many areas, including biomedicine, cosmetics, and environmental engineering. Recently, it has become evident that some TiO2 particles have a considerable cytotoxic effect in normal human cells. However, the molecular basis for the cytotoxicity of TiO2 has yet to be defined.Methods and results: In this study, we demonstrated that combined treatment with TiO2 nanoparticles sized less than 100 nm and ultraviolet A irradiation induces apoptotic cell death through reactive oxygen species-dependent upregulation of Fas and conformational activation of Bax in normal human cells. Treatment with P25 TiO2 nanoparticles with a hydrodynamic size distribution centered around 70 nm (TiO2P25–70 together with ultraviolet A irradiation-induced caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death, accompanied by transcriptional upregulation of the death receptor, Fas, and conformational activation of Bax. In line with these results, knockdown of either Fas or Bax with specific siRNA significantly inhibited TiO2-induced apoptotic cell death. Moreover, inhibition of reactive oxygen species with an antioxidant, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, clearly suppressed upregulation of Fas, conformational activation of Bax, and subsequent apoptotic cell death in response to combination treatment using TiO2P25–70 and ultraviolet A irradiation.Conclusion: These results indicate that sub-100 nm sized TiO2 treatment under ultraviolet A irradiation induces apoptotic cell death through reactive oxygen species-mediated upregulation of the death receptor, Fas, and activation of the preapoptotic protein

  11. Kokkuvõtted kunstiõpetuse ainevõistlusest Tallinna üldhariduskoolides / Liia Jung, Marju Liidja, Jüri Mäemat... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Kunstiõpetuse ainevõistlus toimub kolmes eraldi hinnatavas osas: kodune praktiline töö etteantud teemal vabas tehnikas, kohapeal tehtav teooriatest ja praktiline töö etteantud tehnikas ja teemal

  12. 基于JUNG框架和MongoDB的网络图生成技术%Network-Graph Gerneration Based on JUNG Framework and MongoDB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锐; 徐捷

    2011-01-01

    由于在实际应用中海量、异构数据大量出现,以及基于Web架构的广泛采用,传统关系数据库在数据管理及可视化方面已经难以胜任.JUNG是基于,Java语言的开源框架,可以方便地实现网络图生成,并与聚类、最短路和最大流等算法相结合.MongoDB是开源数据库,提供了Java开发包.本文综合利用两者的特点研究了一种网络图生成技术.通过测试,该技术运行快捷稳定,可以生成相关领域的网络图,可用于商业、金融、军事等多个领域的信息处理与可视化.

  13. Interview with Audrey Jung, President of the International Society for Mental Health Online (ISMHO), Presented at the Online Counselling and Therapy in Action Conference, 25 April 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, Kate; Jung, Audrey; Rosenauer, Dominik; Nagel, Deeanna Merz; Goss, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Counselling services provided online have become an increasingly important topic over the last decade. It is now incumbent on all practitioners at least to be aware of the impact of online living for their clients and of the options available for online counselling provision. In this article, Kate Anthony of the Online Therapy Institute interviews…

  14. The analysis of Rostam’s personality in “Seven Khan” story based on the views of Jung and Freud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjalaladin Kazazi

    2016-12-01

    Rostam enters subconscious arena with the entry into every Khan. But before entering the subconscious, he must gradually come out of consciousness (from the external entity and take steps toward the super-ego. Rostam is, first, in the

  15. Riga und Tallinn wollen ihre Umweltstandards erhören : der "Zug der Ideen" faszinierte vor allem junge Menschen / Rainer Müller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müller, Rainer

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa keskkonna-pealinn Hamburg esitleb uusi ideid Riias ja Tallinnas. Tallinnast kui Euroopa kultuuripealinnast, kultuurikilomeetrist, Tallinna avamisest merele. Linnaplaneerimise, ökoloogia ja kultuuri parimate seoste otsimisest. Euroopa Rohelise pealinna idee autori Jüri Ratase mõtteid Tallinna tulevikust

  16. Western psychology and Muslim psychology in dialogue: comparisons between a Qura'nic theory of personality and Freud's and Jung's ideas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Raiya, Hisham

    2014-04-01

    In this paper, comparisons are made between a newly developed Qura'nic theory of personality and the Freudian and Jungian theories of the mind. Notable similarities were found between the Freudian id, ego, superego and neurosis and the Qura'nic nafs ammarah besoa' (evil-commanding psyche), a'ql (intellect), al-nafs al-lawammah (the reproachful psyche) and al-nafs al-marid'a (the sick psyche), respectively. Noteworthy resemblances were detected also between the Jungian concepts collective unconscious, archetypes, Self and individuation and the Qura'nic constructs roh (spirit), al-asmaa' (the names), qalb (heart), and al-nafs al-mutmainnah (the serene psyche), respectively. These parallels, as well as the departure points, between the models are thoroughly discussed and analyzed. The comparisons performed in this paper open new avenues for dialogue between western models of the psyche and their Muslim counterparts, a dialogue that can enrich both perspectives and advance the field of psychology.

  17. Kokkuvõtted kunstiõpetuse ainevõistlusest Tallinna üldhariduskoolides / Liia Jung, Marju Liidja, Jüri Mäemat... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Kunstiõpetuse ainevõistlus toimub kolmes eraldi hinnatavas osas: kodune praktiline töö etteantud teemal vabas tehnikas, kohapeal tehtav teooriatest ja praktiline töö etteantud tehnikas ja teemal

  18. „Ihr seid meine letzte Hoffnung“ - Die Wirkung und Nachhaltigkeit der Online-Beratung für junge Menschen am Beispiel [U25]-Freiburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Katrin Störr

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available [U25]-Freiburg is an online counseling service for young people in suicidal crisis. They get e-mailadvice by specially trained youth peer-counselors. In 2011 the total of 238 young people were accompanied during such crises. About another 910 requests were received by the online counseling service, but for reasons of capacity the consulters could not be accompanied in longterm(http://www.ak-leben.de. These figures show without doubt that email counseling with [U25] Freiburg has a high demand and also seems to be effective. As a longtime online consultant the issue of effectiveness is of great concern for me. Due to this fact, this was the crucial question of an evaluation of our service in spring 2012. This article presents the results of this evaluation. The first part deals with the question of effectiveness, which is discussed on the basis of a fully standardized questionnaire filled out by 60 users of [U25] Freiburg. The second part of the article deals with the theoretical discussion on the lasting impact of online counseling in general.

  19. Contrast between liuXie's"Origin of Tao" and Carl Jung's "Prorotype"%刘勰"原道"说与荣格"原型"说比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王轻鸿

    2007-01-01

    荣格对中国的"道"极有兴趣,试图将之纳入到原型批评的理论框架,刘勰"原道"说就是立足于中国传统文化关于文学本原的探究,与荣格着眼于求索人类文化心理大体相似性的原型批评有相通之处.然而,荣格的原型说立足于宗教观念,从神的形象中归纳出原型;而原道说则是在人与自然的诗意关系的基础上,构建人类精神文化的基本形态.原道说对自然的亲和中所蕴含的生态论美学思想不失为拯救陷入困境的原型批评的良方.

  20. 弗洛伊德与荣格宗教思想比较%Comparison of Freud's Religious Thoughts with Carl G. Jung's

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙恪廉

    2010-01-01

    本文通过分析弗洛伊德和荣格对无意识以及无意识与意识之间关系的不同主张,论述了两位精神分析大师在以下问题上的不同观点:里比多是只具有生物学意义还是另具精神上的意义?走出俄底甫斯情节面后向宗教的殿堂,能否在无意识领域里获得更多的发现?心理分析是否应当投射到外部的精神世界?宗教信仰与心理治疗存在着一种怎样的联系?

  1. A Brief Survey of Carl Jung's Psychology of Christianity%浅谈荣格的基督教心理观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁恒豪

    2011-01-01

    本文介绍了荣格及其与基督教的渊源,简述了荣格的基督教心理观,总结了荣格基督教心理观的特点,并从贡献以及局限性两个方面对荣格的基督教心理观进行了评价,试图引起学界对荣格的基督教心理观的关注.

  2. The Analysis of Religious Symbolism of Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology%荣格分析心理学的宗教象征主义分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔诚亮

    2016-01-01

    宗教思想是荣格分析心理学的一个重要方面.在分析心理学理论体系形成和发展过程中,荣格对心理学与宗教的关系、无意识中存在着宗教功能的心理事实,以及无意识心理过程中的宗教象征作了深刻的阐述,从而厘清了长期以来人们对精神分析和宗教关系的模糊认识,并明确阐述了宗教象征主义在心理分析中所起的作用,为宗教心理学的进一步发展奠定了坚实的理论基础.

  3. Muusikamaailm : Luigi Nono 75. sünniaasta. Junge Deutsche Philharmonie ئ 25. Hispaania muusika Saarimaal. Marilyn Horne lahkub lavalt / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    L. Nono 75. sünniaastapäeva tähistamisest Itaalias ja Saksamaal. Saksa orkestri tegevusest. 27.mail algavatest Saarimaa muusikapidustustest Saksamaal, mis on pühendatud hispaania muusikale. M. Horne lauljategevusest

  4. 论道家文化对荣格分析心理学的影响%On the Dao's Culture Toward the Effect of Jung's Analytic Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国猛

    2003-01-01

    荣格在吸收中国传统文化的基础上,完善与发展了其分析心理学的思想体系.道家文化是中国传统文化的重要组成部分,是荣格分析心理学的内在基础之一,并对荣格的分析心理学产生了重要的影响.道家文化对荣格分析心理学的影响主要在人格目标、人格结构的协调关系和人格类型上.

  5. The Analytical Psychology and Arts of C · G · Jung%荣格的分析心理学与艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁毅

    2002-01-01

    海派摄影一直被冠以中国摄影中的另类,它保持着对技术的发展的理性的克制态度和对单纯的、平民化的"真实的现象"传递的特征,在海派摄影家看似平淡的影象后面,蕴涵着的是海派摄影家内在的心理冲突和强烈的社会责任感.

  6. Jung's Analytical Psychology and Psychological Educations%荣格的分析心理学理论与心理健康教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖

    2007-01-01

    心理健康教育的重要性随着社会的发展日趋突出,荣格的思想受到越来越多人的重视.荣格的人格结构论、人格动力论及人格发展论三方面对目前心理健康教育有重要的影响.

  7. Discussion and enlightenment of Carl Gustav Jung's collective unconsciousness accumulating%荣格"集体无意识积淀内容"辨疑及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡立新; 李吉勇

    2005-01-01

    荣格的集体无意识理论扩大了人类的理论视野,积淀的内容和理论启示,可以认定它是经过理性整合的种族精神和智慧,并暗含有哲性内容,而非仅仅具体的原型式样.

  8. 荣格文艺思想初探%A Pilot Study of Carl Gustav Jung's Thought on Literature and Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾耀农

    2001-01-01

    荣格突破了弗洛依德心理学上的"无意识"理论和文艺思想上性意识的局限,形成了自己独特的文艺批评理论,对文艺理论产生了重大影响,但其源于"集体无意识"的文艺思想从意识决定意识的哲学观念出发,存在着唯心主义创作论的缺陷.

  9. On "Collective Unconsciousness" in Aesthetic Theory System of Carl Gustav Jung%论荣格美学理论体系中的"集体无意识"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳萍

    2009-01-01

    荣格的美学思想是建立在"集体无意识"理论基础上的.他认为艺术的创作过程是对集体无意识和原型的激活,艺术家成了集体无意识和族类的代言人,通过艺术的形式来表现人类的"集体无意识."

  10. 荣格的心理相对论原理与幼儿德育%Psychological Principle of Relativity by Carl Gustav Jung and Infant Moral Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭静静

    2010-01-01

    幼儿期是儿童道德品质形成的关键期,早期教育应重视幼儿德育的培养,但是当前幼儿德育中存在着教师对幼儿主体性认识不够以及幼儿道德教育成人化倾向突出的问题,要解决这些问题,研究表明,荣格的心理相对论原理能够为幼儿德育提供一些借鉴.

  11. Riga und Tallinn wollen ihre Umweltstandards erhören : der "Zug der Ideen" faszinierte vor allem junge Menschen / Rainer Müller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müller, Rainer

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa keskkonna-pealinn Hamburg esitleb uusi ideid Riias ja Tallinnas. Tallinnast kui Euroopa kultuuripealinnast, kultuurikilomeetrist, Tallinna avamisest merele. Linnaplaneerimise, ökoloogia ja kultuuri parimate seoste otsimisest. Euroopa Rohelise pealinna idee autori Jüri Ratase mõtteid Tallinna tulevikust

  12. How do young people evaluate nuclear energy at nuclear power plant sites? An empirical study; Wie bewerten junge Menschen an Standorten von Kernkraftwerken die Kernenergie? Eine empirische Studie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kretz, Simon [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Geographie und Geooekologie; Kramer, Caroline [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Professur fuer Humangeographie

    2014-12-15

    How does the younger generation evaluate nuclear power at sites with nuclear power plants? This has been examined at four sites with different decommissioning stages, as the presence of a nuclear power plant in young people's daily life represents a potential employer as well as a potential risk factor. The attitude of this generation will expectedly and sustainably influence the development of communities. The decommissioning of a nuclear power plant is currently, optimistically estimated by different energy supplying companies with a time period of 15 to 20 year. Thus the resident population will deal with this topic until the year 2040. Furthermore the decision on a repository exploration has been sighted for the year 2013. As a final repository will not be ready for operation at that time, communities will have to deal with the storage of radioactive waste in local interim-storage facilities. The next generation has the opportunity to shape their future as well as the future of their community. Nevertheless the preconditions are to stay at the side as well as the political and social engagement of these young people. n order to study this aspect and the opportunities of action of young people, data was gathered by carrying out a standardised survey, interviewing 762 pupils in February 2014.

  13. Characterizing the successful student in general chemistry and physical science classes in terms of Jung's personality types as identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riley, Wayne David

    1998-11-01

    A student's success in a science class can depend upon previous experiences, motivation, and the level of interest in the subject. Since psychological type is intrinsic to a person's whole being, it can be influential upon the student's motivation and interests. Thus, a study of student psychological types versus the level of success in a class, as measured by a percentage, has potential to uncover certain personality characteristics which may be helpful to or which may hinder a student's learning environment. This study was initiated, using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, to evaluate any correlation between a student's personality type and his/her performance in a science class. A total of 1041 students from three classes: Chemistry 121/122, Chemistry 112, Physical Science 100, volunteered for the study. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the levels of significance among sixteen personality types' averages. The results reveal that for the Chemistry 1121/122 course, the average score of the INTJ personality type was 5.1 to 12.6 points higher than every other personality type. The ANOVA identifies 3 personality types with averages significantly below the INTJ at the p < 0.05 significance level. The ANOVA analysis for the Chemistry 112 course identified significances between student scores at p = 0.08. The significance level for the differences among scores for the Physical Science 100 course was determined at a level of p = 0.02. Significance levels for p < 0.05 and <0.01 were identified between several groups in this course. The data suggest, that although personality type may not predict a particular student's success in a science class, students with certain personality traits may be favored in a chemistry class due the structure of the instruction and the presentation of the subject matter.

  14. Effects of long-term bronchodilators in bronchiectasis patients with airflow limitation based on bronchodilator response at baseline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeong HJ

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Ho Jung Jeong,1,* Hyun Lee,1,* Keumhee C Carriere,2,3 Jung Hoon Kim,1 Jin-Hyung Han,1 Beomsu Shin,1 Byeong-Ho Jeong,1 Won-Jung Koh,1 O Jung Kwon,1 Hye Yun Park1 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; 2Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; 3Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology Center, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: The association between positive bronchodilator response (BDR at baseline and the effect of long-term bronchodilator therapy has not been well elucidated in patients with bronchiectasis. The aims of our study were to explore the association between positive BDR at baseline and lung-function improvement following long-term (3–12 months bronchodilator therapy in bronchiectasis patients with airflow limitation. Materials and methods: The medical records of 166 patients with clinically stable bronchiectasis who underwent baseline pre- and postbronchodilator spirometry and repeated spirometry after 3–12 months of bronchodilator therapy were retrospectively reviewed. For analysis, patients were divided into two groups, responders and poor responders, based on achievement of at least 12% and 200 mL in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 following bronchodilator therapy from baseline FEV1. Results: A total of 57 patients (34.3% were responders. These patients were more likely to have positive BDR at baseline than poor responders (38.6% [22 of 57] vs 18.3% [20 of 109], P=0.004. This association persisted after adjustment for other confounding factors (adjusted odds ratio 2.298, P=0.034. However, we found FEV1 improved significantly following long-term bronchodilator therapy, even in patients without positive BDR at baseline (change in FEV1 130 mL, interquartile range -10 to 250 mL; P<0

  15. IL-10 prevents aging-associated inflammation and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagdeviren, Sezin; Jung, Dae Young; Friedline, Randall H; Noh, Hye Lim; Kim, Jong Hun; Patel, Payal R; Tsitsilianos, Nicholas; Inashima, Kunikazu; Tran, Duy A; Hu, Xiaodi; Loubato, Marilia M; Craige, Siobhan M; Kwon, Jung Yeon; Lee, Ki Won; Kim, Jason K

    2017-02-01

    Altered energy balance and insulin resistance are important characteristics of aging. Skeletal muscle is a major site of glucose disposal, and the role of aging-associated inflammation in skeletal muscle insulin resistance remains unclear. To investigate, we examined glucose metabolism in 18-mo-old transgenic mice with muscle-specific overexpression of IL-10 (M(IL10)) and in wild-type mice during hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamping. Despite similar fat mass and energy balance, M(IL10) mice were protected from aging-associated insulin resistance with significant increases in glucose infusion rates, whole-body glucose turnover, and skeletal muscle glucose uptake (∼60%; P age-matched WT mice. This protective effect was associated with decreased muscle inflammation, but no changes in adipose tissue inflammation in aging M(IL10) mice. These results demonstrate the importance of skeletal muscle inflammation in aging-mediated insulin resistance, and our findings further implicate a potential therapeutic role of anti-inflammatory cytokine in the treatment of aging-mediated insulin resistance.-Dagdeviren, S., Jung, D. Y., Friedline, R. H., Noh, H. L., Kim, J. H., Patel, P. R., Tsitsilianos, N., Inashima, K., Tran, D. A., Hu, X., Loubato, M. M., Craige, S. M., Kwon, J. Y., Lee, K. W., Kim, J. K. IL-10 prevents aging-associated inflammation and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. © FASEB.

  16. Enhanced therapeutic efficacy of budesonide in experimental colitis with enzyme/pH dual-sensitive polymeric nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naeem M

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Muhammad Naeem, Jiafu Cao, Moonjeong Choi, Woo Seong Kim, Hyung Ryong Moon, Bok Luel Lee, Min-Soo Kim, Yunjin Jung, Jin-Wook Yoo College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea Abstract: Current colon-targeted drug-delivery approaches for colitis therapy often utilize single pH-triggered systems, which are less reliable due to the variation of gut pH in individuals and in disease conditions. Herein, we prepared budesonide-loaded dual-sensitive nanoparticles using enzyme-sensitive azo-polyurethane and pH-sensitive methacrylate copolymer for the treatment of colitis. The therapeutic potential of the enzyme/pH dual-sensitive nanoparticles was evaluated using a rat colitis model and compared to single pH-triggered nanoparticles. Clinical activity scores, colon/body weight ratios, myeloperoxidase activity, and proinflammatory cytokine levels were markedly decreased by dual-sensitive nanoparticles compared to single pH-triggered nanoparticles and budesonide solution. Moreover, dual-sensitive nanoparticles accumulated selectively in inflamed segments of the colon. In addition, dual-sensitive nanoparticle plasma concentrations were lower than single pH-triggered nanoparticles, and no noticeable in vitro or in vivo toxicity was observed. Our results demonstrate that enzyme/pH dual-sensitive nanoparticles are an effective and safe colon-targeted delivery system for colitis therapy. Keywords: azo-polyurethane, methacrylate copolymer, budesonide, colon-targeted nanoparticles, colitis

  17. Celecoxib coupled to dextran via a glutamic acid linker yields a polymeric prodrug suitable for colonic delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Y

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Yonghyun Lee,1,2,* Jungyun Kim,1,* Wooseong Kim,1,* Joon Nam,1,* Seongkeun Jeong,1 Sunyoung Lee,1 Jin-Wook Yoo,1 Min-Soo Kim,1 Yunjin Jung1 1College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan, 2Bio-Nanomedicine Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, is potentially useful for the treatment of colonic diseases such as colorectal cancer and colitis. However, the cardiovascular toxicity of celecoxib limits its routine use in the clinic. Generally, colon-specific delivery of a drug both increases the therapeutic availability in the large intestine and decreases the systemic absorption of the drug, most likely resulting in enhanced therapeutic effects against colonic diseases such as colitis and reduced systemic side effects. To develop a colon-specific prodrug of celecoxib that could reduce its cardiovascular toxicity and improve its therapeutic activity, dextran–glutamic acid–celecoxib conjugate (glutam-1-yl celecoxib-dextran ester [G1CD] was prepared and evaluated. While stable in pH 1.2 and 6.8 buffer solutions and small-intestinal contents, G1CD efficiently released celecoxib in cecal contents. Oral administration of G1CD to rats delivered a larger amount of celecoxib to the large intestine than free celecoxib. G1CD prevented the systemic absorption of celecoxib and did not decrease the serum level of 6-ketoprostaglandin F1α, an inverse indicator of cardiovascular toxicity of celecoxib. Collectively, G1CD may be a polymeric colon-specific celecoxib prodrug with therapeutic and toxicological advantages. Keywords: colon-specific drug delivery, dextran, celecoxib, prodrug, cardiovascular toxicity

  18. In vitro cytotoxicity of SiO2 or ZnO nanoparticles with different sizes and surface charges on U373MG human glioblastoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim JE

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Jung-Eun Kim,1,* Hyejin Kim,1,* Seong Soo A An,2 Eun Ho Maeng,3 Meyoung-Kon Kim,4 Yoon-Jae Song1 1Department of Life Science, 2Department of Bionano Technology, Gachon University, Seongnam-Si, South Korea; 3Korea Testing and Research Institute, Seoul, South Korea; 4Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Korea University Medical School and College, Seoul, South Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Silicon dioxide (SiO2 and zinc oxide (ZnO nanoparticles are widely used in various applications, raising issues regarding the possible adverse effects of these metal oxide nanoparticles on human cells. In this study, we determined the cytotoxic effects of differently charged SiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles, with mean sizes of either 100 or 20 nm, on the U373MG human glioblastoma cell line. The overall cytotoxicity of ZnO nanoparticles against U373MG cells was significantly higher than that of SiO2 nanoparticles. Neither the size nor the surface charge of the ZnO nanoparticles affected their cytotoxicity against U373MG cells. The 20 nm SiO2 nanoparticles were more toxic than the 100 nm nanoparticles against U373MG cells, but the surface charge had little or no effect on their cytotoxicity. Both SiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles activated caspase-3 and induced DNA fragmentation in U373MG cells, suggesting the induction of apoptosis. Thus, SiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles appear to exert cytotoxic effects against U373MG cells, possibly via apoptosis. Keyword: apoptosis

  19. Bioequivalence evaluation of two amlodipine salts, besylate and orotate, each in a fixed-dose combination with olmesartan in healthy subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee SY

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Soo-Yun Lee,1 Jung-Ryul Kim,2,3 Jin Ah Jung,4 Wooseong Huh,2,5 Mi Young Bahng,6 Jae-Wook Ko1,2 1Department of Health Sciences and Technology, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Clinical Research Design and Evaluation, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Inje University, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Republic of Korea; 5Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 6Dong-A ST Co., Ltd., Seoul, Republic of Korea Abstract: A fixed-dose combination of amlodipine and olmesartan is used to treat high blood pressure in patients whose hypertension is not sufficiently controlled with either drug alone. The objective of this study was to evaluate the bioequivalence of two fixed-dose combinations, ie, amlodipine orotate/olmesartan medoxomil 10/40 mg and amlodipine besylate/olmesartan medoxomil 10/40 mg, in healthy subjects. A randomized, open-label, single-dose, two-sequence, two-period, crossover study was conducted in 30 healthy adult volunteers. Blood samples were collected for up to 72 hours post-dose in each period. Safety data included the results of physical examinations, clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, an electrocardiogram, and adverse events. For both amlodipine and olmesartan, the 90% confidence intervals for the geometric mean ratios of AUClast and time to peak plasma concentration fell within the bioequivalence acceptance criteria. The two fixed-dose combinations showed similar safety profiles. Amlodipine orotate/olmesartan medoxomil 10/40 mg was bioequivalent to amlodipine besylate/olmesartan medoxomil 10/40 mg. Keywords: amlodipine orotate, amlodipine besylate, olmesartan medoxomil, fixed-dose combination, bioequivalence

  20. Measuring negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia: reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Motivation and Pleasure Scale-Self-Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim JS

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Ji-Sun Kim,1 Seon-Kyeong Jang,1 Seon-Cheol Park,2 Jung-Seo Yi,3 Joong-Kyu Park,4 Jung Suk Lee,5 Kee-Hong Choi,6 Seung-Hwan Lee1,7 1Clinical Emotion and Cognition Research Laboratory, Goyang, 2Department of Psychiatry, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, 3Department of Psychiatry, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, 4Department of Rehabilitation Psychology, Daegu University, Daegu, 5Department of Psychiatry, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, 6Department of Psychology, Korea University, Seoul, 7Department of Psychiatry, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Republic of Korea Background: The Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS is one of the validated interview measures of negative symptoms in psychotic disorders. The Motivation and Pleasure Scale-Self-Report (MPSR is a self-report measure that assesses the motivation and pleasure domains of negative symptoms based on the CAINS. This study evaluated the reliability and validity of a Korean version of the MPSR.Methods: A total of 139 patients with schizophrenia completed the MPSR, CAINS, Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scales, Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia, and other measures of trait and cognitive function.Results: The 15-item MPSR showed good internal consistency. In addition, it also had a good convergent validity with the Motivation and Pleasure subscale of the CAINS and the anhedonia/avolition subscale of the SANS. The scale was not associated with psychotic symptoms, agitation/mania, and depression/anxiety, and it showed good discriminant validity. MPSR scores were significantly correlated with Behavioral Activation System total score for trait measure.Conclusion: The Korean version of the MPSR is a notable self-report method for examining the severity of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Keywords: Korean

  1. Dietary vitamin C intake protects against COPD: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park HJ

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Hye Jung Park,1 Min Kwang Byun,1 Hyung Jung Kim,1 Jae Yeol Kim,2 Yu-Il Kim,3 Kwang-Ha Yoo,4 Eun Mi Chun,5 Ji Ye Jung,6 Sang Haak Lee,7 Chul Min Ahn1 On behalf of the Korean Smoking Cessation Study Group 1Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, 4Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 5Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, 6Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Chest Disease, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 7Division of Pulmonology, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea Background: Vitamin C, as an antioxidant, has recently been suggested to provide protection against COPD; however, only few national cohort studies have investigated these effects. We aimed to confirm the protective effects of vitamin C against COPD in Korean patients. Patients and methods: We analyzed the data of 3,283 adults aged ≥40 years (representing 23,541,704 subjects who underwent pulmonary function tests and responded to questionnaires on smoking history and vitamin C intake, with stratification variables and sampling weight designated by the Korea 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Results: Among all the subjects, 512 (representing 3,459,679 subjects; 15.6% were diagnosed as having COPD based on pulmonary function test results. Male gender, old age, residence in suburban/rural regions, low household income, low educational level, an occupation in agriculture or fisheries, and heavy smoking were significantly associated with COPD. Low intake of nutrients, including potassium, vitamin A, carotene, retinol

  2. Anti-obesity efficacy of nanoemulsion oleoresin capsicum in obese rats fed a high-fat diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim JY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Joo-Yeon Kim,1,* Mak-Soon Lee,1,* Sunyoon Jung,1 Hyunjin Joo,1 Chong-Tai Kim,2 In-Hwan Kim,3 Sangjin Seo,1 Soojung Oh,1 Yangha Kim11Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Functional Materials Research Group, Korea Food Research Institute, Seongnam, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Food and Nutrition, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this workPurpose: This study determined the effects of oleoresin capsicum (OC and nanoemulsion OC (NOC on obesity in obese rats fed a high-fat diet.Methods: The rats were randomly separated into three groups: a high-fat (HF diet group, HF + OC diet group, and HF + NOC diet group. All groups were fed the diet and water ad libitum for 14 weeks.Results: NOC reduced the body weight and adipose tissue mass, whereas OC did not. OC and NOC reduced mRNA levels of adipogenic genes, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR-γ, sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c, and fatty acid-binding protein in white adipose tissue. The mRNA levels of genes related to β-oxidation or thermogenesis including PPAR-α, palmitoyltransferase-1α, and uncoupling protein-2 were increased by the OC and NOC relative to the HF group. Both OC and NOC clearly stimulated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK activity. In particular, PPAR-α, palmitoyltransferase-1α, uncoupling protein-2 expression, and AMPK activity were significantly increased in the NOC group compared to in the OC group. NOC decreased glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity whereas OC did not.Conclusion: From these results, NOC could be suggested as a potential anti-obesity agent in obese rats fed a HF diet. The effects of the NOC on obesity were associated with changes of multiple gene expression, activation of AMPK, and inhibition of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in white adipose tissue.Keywords: oleoresin capsicum

  3. Identification of a cell-penetrating peptide domain from human beta-defensin 3 and characterization of its anti-inflammatory activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee JY

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Jue Yeon Lee,1,* Jin Sook Suh,2,* Jung Min Kim,1 Jeong Hwa Kim,1 Hyun Jung Park,1 Yoon Jeong Park,1,2 Chong Pyoung Chung1 1Central Research Institute, Nano Intelligent Biomedical Engineering Corporation (NIBEC, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea; 2Dental Regenerative Biotechnology, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Human beta-defensins (hBDs are crucial factors of intrinsic immunity that function in the immunologic response to a variety of invading enveloped viruses, bacteria, and fungi. hBDs can cause membrane depolarization and cell lysis due to their highly cationic nature. These molecules participate in antimicrobial defenses and the control of adaptive and innate immunity in every mammalian species and are produced by various cell types. The C-terminal 15-mer peptide within hBD3, designated as hBD3-3, was selected for study due to its cell- and skin-penetrating activity, which can induce anti-inflammatory activity in lipopolysaccharide-treated RAW 264.7 macrophages. hBD3-3 penetrated both the outer membrane of the cells and mouse skin within a short treatment period. Two other peptide fragments showed poorer penetration activity compared to hBD3-3. hBD3-3 inhibited the lipopolysaccharide-induced production of inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitric oxide, and secretory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, hBD3-3 reduced the interstitial infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in a lung inflammation model. Further investigation also revealed that hBD3-3 downregulated nuclear factor kappa B-dependent inflammation by directly suppressing the degradation of phosphorylated-IκBα and by downregulating active nuclear factor kappa B p65. Our findings indicate that hBD3-3 may be conjugated with drugs of interest to ensure their proper translocation to

  4. Zinc oxide nanoparticles: a 90-day repeated-dose dermal toxicity study in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryu HJ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hwa Jung Ryu,1,* Mu Yeb Seo,2,* Sung Kyu Jung,1 Eun Ho Maeng,2 Seung-Young Lee,2 Dong-Hyouk Jang,2 Taek-Jin Lee,2 Ki-Yeon Jo,2 Yu-Ri Kim,3 Kyu-Bong Cho,4 Meyoung-Kon Kim,3 Beom Jun Lee,5 Sang Wook Son1 1Department of Dermatology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, 2Korea Testing and Research Institute, Gyunggido, 3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, 4Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Shinheung College, Uijeongbu, 5College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work and both should be considered first authors Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO works as a long-lasting, broad-spectrum physical sunblock, and can prevent skin cancer, sunburn, and photoaging. Nanosized ZnO particles are used often in sunscreens due to consumer preference over larger sizes, which appear opaque when dermally applied. Although the US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of nanoparticles (NPs in sunscreens in 1999, there are ongoing safety concerns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the subchronic toxicity of ZnO NPs after dermal application according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Test Guidelines 411 using Good Laboratory Practice. Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into eight (one control, one vehicle control, three experimental, and three recovery groups. Different concentrations of ZnO NPs were dermally applied to the rats in the experimental groups for 90 days. Clinical observations as well as weight and food consumption were measured and recorded daily. Hematology and biochemistry parameters were determined. Gross pathologic and histopathologic examinations were performed on selected tissues from all animals. Analyses of tissue were undertaken to determine target organ tissue distribution. There was no increased mortality in the experimental group. Although there

  5. The effects of posterior cruciate ligament deficiency on posterolateral corner structures under gait- and squat-loading conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, K-T.; Koh, Y-G.; Jung, M.; Nam, J-H.; Son, J.; Lee, Y.H.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives The aim of the current study was to analyse the effects of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) deficiency on forces of the posterolateral corner structure and on tibiofemoral (TF) and patellofemoral (PF) contact force under dynamic-loading conditions. Methods A subject-specific knee model was validated using a passive flexion experiment, electromyography data, muscle activation, and previous experimental studies. The simulation was performed on the musculoskeletal models with and without PCL deficiency using a novel force-dependent kinematics method under gait- and squat-loading conditions, followed by probabilistic analysis for material uncertain to be considered. Results Comparison of predicted passive flexion, posterior drawer kinematics and muscle activation with experimental measurements showed good agreement. Forces of the posterolateral corner structure, and TF and PF contact forces increased with PCL deficiency under gait- and squat-loading conditions. The rate of increase in PF contact force was the greatest during the squat-loading condition. The TF contact forces increased on both medial and lateral compartments during gait-loading conditions. However, during the squat-loading condition, the medial TF contact force tended to increase, while the lateral TF contact forces decreased. The posterolateral corner structure, which showed the greatest increase in force with deficiency of PCL under both gait- and squat-loading conditions, was the popliteus tendon (PT). Conclusion PCL deficiency is a factor affecting the variability of force on the PT in dynamic-loading conditions, and it could lead to degeneration of the PF joint. Cite this article: K-T. Kang, Y-G. Koh, M. Jung, J-H. Nam, J. Son, Y.H. Lee, S-J. Kim, S-H. Kim. The effects of posterior cruciate ligament deficiency on posterolateral corner structures under gait- and squat-loading conditions: A computational knee model. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:31–42. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.61.BJR-2016-0184.R1

  6. Photothermal cancer therapy using graphitic carbon–coated magnetic particles prepared by one-pot synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee HJ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hyo-Jeong Lee,1 Jakkid Sanetuntikul,2 Eun-Sook Choi,1 Bo Ram Lee,1 Jung-Hee Kim,1 Eunjoo Kim,1 Sangaraju Shanmugam2 1Nano and Bio Research Division, 2Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology, Daegu, Republic of Korea Abstract: We describe here a simple synthetic strategy for the fabrication of carbon-coated Fe3O4 (Fe3O4@C particles using a single-component precursor, iron (III diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid complex. Physicochemical analyses revealed that the core of the synthesized particles consists of ferromagnetic Fe3O4 material ranging several hundred nanometers, embedded in nitrogen-doped graphitic carbon with a thickness of ~120 nm. Because of their photothermal activity (absorption of near-infrared [NIR] light, the Fe3O4@C particles have been investigated for photothermal therapeutic applications. An example of one such application would be the use of Fe3O4@C particles in human adenocarcinoma A549 cells by means of NIR-triggered cell death. In this system, the Fe3O4@C can rapidly generate heat, causing >98% cell death within 10 minutes under 808 nm NIR laser irradiation (2.3 W cm-2. These Fe3O4@C particles provided a superior photothermal therapeutic effect by intratumoral delivery and NIR irradiation of tumor xenografts. These results demonstrate that one-pot synthesis of carbon-coated magnetic particles could provide promising materials for future clinical applications and encourage further investigation of this simple method. Keywords: graphitic carbon–encapsulated magnetic nanoparticles, iron oxide, one-pot synthesis, photothermal cancer therapy

  7. New tablet formulation of tacrolimus with smaller interindividual variability may become a better treatment option than the conventional capsule formulation in organ transplant patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim YK

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Yu Kyong Kim,1 Anhye Kim,1,2 Shin Jung Park,3 Howard Lee1,4 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, 2Clinical Trial Center, Ajou University Medical Center, Suwon, 3Research Institute, Chong Kun Dang Pharmaceutical Corp, Yongin, 4Department of Transdisciplinary Studies, Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon, Republic of Korea Abstract: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK and tolerability profiles of a new tablet formulation of tacrolimus and its interindividual variability (IIV in the systemic exposure, and to compare them with those of the conventional capsule formulation, a randomized, open-label, two-treatment, two-period, two-sequence, crossover study was performed in 47 healthy males. The capsule or tablet formulation of tacrolimus was orally administered, and serial blood samples were collected up to 96 hours after dosing. Whole-blood tacrolimus concentration was determined using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. The maximum whole-blood tacrolimus concentration (Cmax and the area under the whole-blood tacrolimus concentration–time curve from 0 hour to the last quantifiable concentration (AUClast were compared between the two formulations. The similarity factor (f2 of the in vitro dissolution profiles was calculated. The geometric mean ratio (90% confidence interval of tablet to capsule was 0.9680 (0.8873–1.0560 and 1.0322 (0.9359–1.1385 for Cmax and AUClast, respectively. The IIV of Cmax and AUClast of the tablet was smaller than the capsule. The f2 values were >50 in all media. Both formulations were well tolerated. Thus, the tablet formulation of tacrolimus has smaller IIV in the systemic exposure than capsule, while having comparable PK and tolerability profiles, which may render it as a better treatment option for organ transplant patients. Keywords: new formulation, incrementally

  8. Pharmacogenetic analysis of cinacalcet response in secondary hyperparathyroidism patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeong S

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Sohyun Jeong,1 In-Wha Kim,1 Kook-Hwan Oh,2 Nayoung Han,1 Kwon Wook Joo,2 Hyo Jin Kim,2 Jung Mi Oh1 1College of Pharmacy, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea Background: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT is one of the major risk factors of morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease. Cinacalcet effectively controls SHPT without causing hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. However, there is significant inter-individual response variance to cinacalcet treatment. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the genetic effects related with parathyroid hormone regulation as factors for cinacalcet response variance. Methods: Patients with a diagnosis of SHPT based on intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH >300 pg/mL on dialysis were included in this study. They were over 18 years and have been treated by cinacalcet for more than 3 months. Responders and nonresponders were grouped by the serum iPTH changes. Twenty-four single nucleotide polymorphisms of CASR, VDR, FGFR1, KL, ALPL, RGS14, NR4A2, and PTHLH genes were selected for the pharmacogenetic analysis. Results: After adjusting for age, sex, and calcium level, CASR rs1042636 (odds ratio [OR]: 0.066, P=0.027 and rs1802757 (OR: 10.532, P=0.042 were associated with cinacalcet response. The association of haplotypes of CASR rs1042636, rs10190, and rs1802757; GCC (OR: 0.355, P=0.015; and ATT (OR: 2.769, P=0.014 with cinacalcet response was also significant. Conclusion: We obtained supporting information of the associations between cinacalcet response and CASR polymorphisms. CASR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs rs1802757, rs1042636, and haplotypes of rs1042636, rs10190, and rs1802757 were significantly associated with cinacalcet response variance. Keywords: CASR, calcium sensing receptor, SHPT, genetic polymorphisms, haplotype, single nucleotide polymorphisms

  9. Meta-analysis of the impact of thioprine S-methyltransferase polymorphisms on the tolerable 6-mercaptopurine dose considering initial dose and ethnic difference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim MG

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Myeong Gyu Kim, Minoh Ko, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea Abstract: A meta-analysis was conducted to decide whether to reduce an initial 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP dose in TPMT heterozygote in the case of an initial 6-MP dose of <75 mg/m2/d and to compare the tolerable 6-MP dose among different ethnic groups. The study was undertaken according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The differences in mean values of the tolerable 6-MP dose were calculated by using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis version 3. The results of the meta-analysis indicated that the tolerable 6-MP dose was significantly lower in the TPMT heterozygote group (difference in mean values =11.729, 95% confidence interval =7.617–15.842, P<0.001 even when the initial 6-MP dose was <75 mg/m2/d. The TPMT*3C allele-dominant ethnic group (Asian needed less reduction in mean 6-MP dose in comparison to the TPMT*3A allele-dominant ethnic group (Caucasian, Mediterranean, South American (difference in mean values =8.884 vs 15.324. In conclusion, the initial 6-MP dose needs to be reduced in TPMT heterozygote when compared to the wild-type, and ethnic difference might influence the tolerable 6-MP dose in TPMT heterozygotes. Keywords: 6-mercaptopurine, thiopurine S-methyltransferase, polymorphism, meta-analysis 

  10. Recension: Mao - The Unknown Story

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Søren

    2005-01-01

    Anmeldelse - kritisk! - til Sveriges førende Kinatidsskrift af Jung Chang & Jon Halliday's sensationelle "Mao - the Unknown Story".......Anmeldelse - kritisk! - til Sveriges førende Kinatidsskrift af Jung Chang & Jon Halliday's sensationelle "Mao - the Unknown Story"....

  11. Review: Margaret A. Morrison, Eric Haley, Kim Bartel Sheehan & Ronal E. Taylor (2002. Using Qualitative Research in Advertising: Strategies, Techniques, and Applications / Shay Sayre (2001. Qualitative Methods for Marketplace Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Friese

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The review discusses two books, both covering very similar contents and addressing more or less the same audience. The book by SAYRE is about the use of qualitative method in marketplace research in general and is aimed at marketing students and practitioners; the book by MORRISON, HALEY, SHEEHAN and TAYLOR focuses more specifically on one area of mar­keting, namely advertising research. MORRISON et al. provide the more practical perspective, a fact that is also reflected in the writing style of the book. It is stimulating to read, even for readers fa­miliar with qualitative methods. It provides insights from the perspective of advertising agency plan­ners and demonstrates how qualitative methods are applied in a commercial context. SAYRE, in comparison, provides more details and builds her book around five theoretical perspectives. It is writ­ten by an academic for a largely academic audi­ence, containing all the basics that one needs to know when embarking on a qualitative research project. It differs from other qualitative method books in that the various steps along the way are illustrated by examples from the field of marketing. The book will, therefore, resonate well with mar­ket­ing students. Nonetheless, both books can be recommended as text books for qualitative method courses in marketing—SAYRE's book for market­ing students in general, and MORRISON et al.'s book for students specializing in the field of adver­tising. When used in a course where students conduct a small scale research project on their own, both books need to be supplemented by further readings or teacher input. Specifically, the sections on qualitative data analysis are too thin in MORRISON et al. and too broad in SAYRE in order to be useful to students without further explanation and training. Nonetheless, the two books are the best I have seen so far when it comes to selecting a book to be used in a qualitative method course for marketing students. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0401258

  12. Anmeldelse af Ulrik Rammeskow Bang-Pedersen, Lasse Højlund Christensen, Kim Sommer Jensen, Christian Jul Madsen & Andreas Kærsgaard Mylin: Rekonstruktion – teori og praksis (2011)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen anmelder det nævnte værk, som i detaljer behandler lov nr. 718 af 25. juni 2010, der indførte regler i konkursloven, som muliggør rekonstruktion af både fysiske og juridiske personer med henblik på virksomhedsoverdragelse og tvangsakkord, og således at skyldneren ikke selv kan standse re...

  13. Oral vaccination with LcrV from Yersinia pestis KIM delivered by live attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium elicits a protective immune response against challenge with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Branger, Christine G; Torres-Escobar, Ascención; Sun, Wei; Perry, Robert; Fetherston, Jacqueline; Roland, Kenneth L; Curtiss, Roy

    2009-08-27

    The use of live recombinant attenuated Salmonella vaccines (RASV) synthesizing Yersinia proteins is a promising approach for controlling infection by Yersinia species. In this study, we constructed attenuated Salmonella strains which synthesize a truncated form of LcrV, LcrV196 and evaluated the immune response and protective efficacy elicited by these strains in mice against two other major species of Yersinia: Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica. Surprisingly, we found that the RASV strain alone was sufficient to afford nearly full protection against challenge with Y. pseudotuberculosis, indicating the likelihood that Salmonella produces immunogenic cross-protective antigens. In contrast, lcrV196 expression was required for protection against challenge with Y. enterocolitica strain 8081, but was not sufficient to achieve significant protection against challenge with Y. enterocolitica strain WA, which expressed a divergent form of lcrV. Nevertheless, we are encouraged by these findings to continue pursuing our long-term goal of developing a single vaccine to protect against all three human pathogenic species of Yersinia.

  14. Report on the KIMS-CNA Conference (2nd): The PLA Navy’s Build-Up and ROK-USN Cooperation, Held in Seoul, Korea on 20 November 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    Pacific: the Southwest Asian Seas, with the Malacca and Lombok Straits among others and sea lanes of communication (SLOCs) passing the Spratly...to East or Southeast Asia. If these routes were no longer cheap or safe, ships would use other routes, such as the Straits of Lombok and Makassar...Malacca and Lombok /Makassar Straits in Southeast Asia are an especially heavily burdened area in which a comprehensive system does not yet exist to

  15. Examination of Psychological Type and Preferred Negotiation Tactics and Strategies of Contract Negotiators

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    strategies. The next section will discuss the theory of psychological type which was developed by the noted psychologist Carl G. Jung in the early 1900’s...noted psychologist Carl G. Jung published the book Psychological Types. Within this publication, Jung detailed his theory of personality types which...psychological types. These psychological types are 16 increased twofold when Jung suggests that one’s interests are either subject oriented ( introversion

  16. Prevalence and correlates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in Korean college students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwak YS

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Young-Sook Kwak, Young-Eun Jung, Moon-Doo Kim Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, South Korea Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD persists into adulthood in a high proportion of cases, causing social difficulties and affective problems. We evaluated the prevalence of symptoms of ADHD and the correlates thereof in Korean college students. Methods: A total of 2,172 college students, stratified to reflect geographical differences, were asked to complete self-report questionnaires on ADHD symptoms, depression, and related factors. Results: ADHD symptoms were found in 7.6% of college students. Univariate analysis revealed that younger students had higher rates of ADHD symptoms than did older students. We found significant associations between ADHD symptoms and problematic alcohol use, depression, and lifetime suicidal behavior. Multivariate analysis revealed that ADHD symptoms in adults were significantly associated with depression (odds ratio [OR] =4.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.23–6.80; P<0.001 and overweight or obesity (OR =1.50; 95% CI 1.02–2.22; P=0.040, after controlling for sex and age. Conclusion: These results have implications in terms of the mental health interventions required to assess problems such as depression, alcohol use, obesity, and suicidality in young adults with ADHD symptoms. Keywords: depression, adult ADHD, alcohol problem, obesity  

  17. Improving dissolution and oral bioavailability of pranlukast hemihydrate by particle surface modification with surfactants and homogenization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ha ES

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Eun-Sol Ha,1 In-hwan Baek,2 Jin-Wook Yoo,1 Yunjin Jung,1 Min-Soo Kim1 1College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, 2College of Pharmacy, Kyungsung University, Busan, Republic of Korea Abstract: The present study was carried out to develop an oral formulation of pranlukast hemihydrate with improved dissolution and oral bioavailability using a surface-modified microparticle. Based on solubility measurements, surface-modified pranlukast hemihydrate microparticles were manufactured using the spray-drying method with hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, sucrose laurate, and water and without the use of an organic solvent. The hydrophilicity of the surface-modified pranlukast hemihydrate microparticle increased, leading to enhanced dissolution and oral bioavailability of pranlukast hemihydrate without a change in crystallinity. The surface-modified microparticles with an hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose/sucrose laurate ratio of 1:2 showed rapid dissolution of up to 85% within 30 minutes in dissolution medium (pH 6.8 and oral bioavailability higher than that of the commercial product, with approximately 2.5-fold and 3.9-fold increases in area under the curve (AUC0→12 h and peak plasma concentration, respectively. Therefore, the surface-modified microparticle is an effective oral drug delivery system for the poorly water-soluble therapeutic pranlukast hemihydrate. Keywords: solubility, wettability, sucrose laurate, cellulose

  18. The major risk factors for delirium in a clinical setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim H

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Harin Kim, Seockhoon Chung, Yeon Ho Joo, Jung Sun Lee Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Objective: We aimed to determine the major risk factors for the development of delirium in patients at a single general hospital by comparison with a control group.Subjects and methods: We reviewed the medical records of 260 delirium patients and 77 control patients. We investigated age, sex, and risk factors for delirium in the total delirium group (n=260, the delirium medical subgroup (n=142, and the delirium surgical subgroup (n=118. Logistic regression analysis adjusting for age and sex was performed to identify the odds ratio.Results: The mean age and the percentage of males were significantly higher in the delirium group compared with the control group (68.9 vs 54.3 years and 70% vs 41.6%, respectively. Risk factors for the delirium group were lower plasma albumin, hypertension, mechanical ventilation, and antipsychotic drug use. Plasma sodium level and hypertension were important risk factors for the delirium medical subgroup. Stroke history, hypertension, ICU care, and medication were important risk factors for the delirium surgical subgroup.Conclusion: Lower plasma albumin, hypertension, mechanical ventilation, and antipsychotic drug use are important risk factors for delirium. Keywords: delirium, acute confusional state, psychiatric consultation, risk factor

  19. 新疆西准噶尔晚泥盆世法门晚期菊石动物群的发现及其意义%Discovery and significance of Late Famennian ammonoid faunas in western Jung- gar, Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗普; 马学平; 张美琼; 张宇波

    2014-01-01

    A number of ammonoids are discovered for the first time from the Late Devonian (late Famennian) in the north of Hoxtol-gay of western Junggar, Xinjiang. The Platyclymenia fauna includes Platyclymenia (Pl.) subnautilina (Sandberger), Sporadoceras sp., Prionoceras frechi (Wedekind), and others, which was probably related to the Annulata Event. The cyrtoclymeniid fanua is character-ized by spectacularly large-sized Protactoclymenia sp. and Cyrtoclymenia? sp. with a diameter up to ca. 20 cm. These ammonoids can be correlated with the assemblage of the standard Devonian ammonoidⅣZone of West Europe (conodont Upper trachytera Zone to Lower expansa Zone). The occurrences of the late Famennian cyrtoclymeniid fauna in different sections in the area north of Hoxtolgay can be well correlated. The horizons bearing these fossils can be regarded as a marker layer for stratigraphic correlation in this area.%首次在新疆准噶尔盆地西北缘和什托洛盖以北地区的晚泥盆世法门晚期地层中发现板海神石及大型弓海神石菊石动物。板海神石动物群由Platyclymenia (Pl.) subnautilina (Sandberger)、Sporadoceras sp.和Prionoceras frechi (Wedekind)等分子组成;可能与Annulata事件有关。弓海神石动物群中Protactoclymenia sp.和Cyrtoclymenia?sp.以壳体硕大为显著特征,直径可达20cm。这些菊石可与西欧晚泥盆世标准菊石带第Ⅳ带的菊石组合进行对比(相当于牙形石Upper trachytera至Lower expansa带),而且在区域上的分布具有一定的稳定性,尤其是弓海神石动物群,其产出层位可作为和什托洛盖以北地区地层对比的标志层。

  20. Traceability and Integration:——A Comparison of the Unconscious Theories between Carl Jung and Freud%溯源与整合——荣格与弗洛伊德无意识学说比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔诚亮

    2012-01-01

    荣格集体无意识概念的提出和弗洛伊德的无意识理论有着最直接的关系.但是,集体无意识学说以不同于无意识理论,它是对弗洛伊德的无意识理论的继承和超越.

  1. On the Theoretical Contributions of Carl Jung's Analytical Psychology to Impersonal Thoughts%论荣格的分析心理学对非个人化思潮的理论贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马焕军

    2010-01-01

    文章主要论述了荣格的分析心理学对非个人化思潮的理论贡献问题.荣格的分析心理学对原型形式的研究具有一种客观的形式主义倾向,因此,它深化了非个人化思潮理论思考,促进了它的发展.

  2. 荣格分析心理学中的阴影及其对人格发展的意义%The Shadow of Jung's Analytical Psychology and its Impact on the Development of Personality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭燕燕

    2010-01-01

    阴影是荣格分析心理学中集体无意识的原型之一,阴影有着丰富的内涵,对人格的发展既有积极的方面,也有消极的一面.认识、接受并整合阴影,深刻理解阴影与人格面具的关系都将使阴影朝有利于人格的方向发展,有助于荣格所说的"自性"的实现.

  3. From Carl Gustav Jung's Prototype Theory to See Mental Health Care of Modern People%从荥格原型理论看现代人的心理保健

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雯

    2008-01-01

    原型理论是荣格分析心理学理论的核心.心理原型包含人格面具、阿尼玛与阿尼姆斯、阴影、灵魂自我、儿童原型和母亲原型等.逐一解读荣格的原型理论,对于现代人进行心理健康的维护具有重要的启示作用.

  4. America's Stonehenge, (A.S.), Its "Window into the Past," Jung's "Reincarnations," and Problems Like "A Wonderful Mind" Are Associated With Time-recurret Natural Phenomena Monitored By Native Americans Impacting Religous Zealotry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Kimbereley E.; McLeod, Roger D.

    2002-04-01

    Phenomena detected at A.S. in North Salem, N.H. are associated with: positive ionic charges, inclement weather, periodicities that are daily, weekly, earth-moon related, but not with the full moon, seasonal annual and longer cyclicities, exceedingly faint lotus-blossom-blue light "tubes" traveling along electromagnetic field (EMF) lines, incorrect beliefs about reincarnation, and a multitude of aspects of schizophrenia as popularized in the movie "A Wonderful Mind". EgyptAir Flight 990, 10/99, documented approximately 90 seconds of the copilot's repeated phrase "I rely on God." Spiritual Gnostic, Cathar-Amerindian mistaken "reincarnations" and other esoteric mystical visions and unions, teenagers or other psychologically bizarre behaviors and all of the above are related to detectable or documented time variations of the EMF; Amerindians say schizoid behavior, supernatural beings, or advanced ideas are "Manitou" aspects of the Great Spirit, our EMF!

  5. Review: Angela Kaupp (2005. Junge Frauen erzählen ihre Glaubensgeschichte. Eine qualitativ-empirische Studie zur Rekonstruktion der narrativen religiösen Identität katholischer junger Frauen [Young Women Tell Their Story of Faith

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viera Pirker

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In her dissertation on religious pedagogy, Angela KAUPP examines the part played by religiousness in the life stories of young women brought up as Catholics in Germany. The categories of gender and religiousness are still neglected fields in youth studies and KAUPP's readable study closes a gap in research on religious and social-scientific research on pedagogy. The interviewees consider gender and religiousness to be independent and to have few implications for their life stories. They attribute high importance to religious communication, relations and spaces as part of formal and informal religious settings such as the liturgy and prayer groups. KAUPP's work indicates that biographical research is a promising method for the exploration of the development of young adults' identities in the context of religiousness and gender. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0701183

  6. Analysis of ERT data of geoelectrical permafrost monitoring on Hoher Sonnblick (Austrian Central Alps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiler, Stefan; Schöner, Wolfgang; Reisenhofer, Stefan; Ottowitz, David; Jochum, Birgit; Kim, Jung-Ho; Hoyer, Stefan; Supper, Robert; Heinrich, Georg

    2016-04-01

    In the Alps infrastructure facilities such as roads, routes or buildings are affected by the changes of permafrost, which often cause enormous reparation costs. Investigation on degradation of Alpine Permafrost in the last decade has increased, however, the understanding of the permafrost changes inducing its atmospheric forcing processes is still insufficient. Within the project ATMOperm the application of the geoelectrical method to estimate thawing layer thickness for mountain permafrost is investigated near the highest meteorological observatory of Austria on the Hoher Sonnblick. Therefore, it is necessary to further optimize the transformation of ERT data to thermal changes in the subsurface. Based on an innovative time lapse inversion routine for ERT data (Kim J.-H. et al 2013) a newly developed data analysis software tool developed by Kim Jung-Ho (KIGAM) in cooperation with the Geophysics group of the Geological Survey of Austria allows the statistical analysis of the entire sample set of each and every data point measured by the geoelectrical monitoring instrument. This gives on the one hand of course an enhanced opportunity to separate between „good" and „bad" data points in order to assess the quality of measurements. On the other hand, the results of the statistical analysis define the impact of every single data point on the inversion routine. The interpretation of the inversion results will be supplemented by temperature logs from selected boreholes along the ERT profile as well as climatic parameters. KIM J.-H., SUPPER R., TSOURLOS P. and YI M.-J.: Four-dimensional inversion of resistivity monitoring data through Lp norm minimizations. - Geophysical Journal International, 195(3), 1640-1656, 2013. Doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt324. (No OA) Acknowledgments: The geoelectrical monitoring on Hoher Sonnblick has been installed and is operated in the frame of the project ATMOperm (Atmosphere - permafrost relationship in the Austrian Alps - atmospheric extreme

  7. Exposure–outcome analysis in depressed patients treated with paroxetine using population pharmacokinetics

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    Kim JR

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Jung-Ryul Kim,1 Hye In Woo,2 Mi-Ryung Chun,3 Shinn-Won Lim,4 Hae Deun Kim,5 Han Sung Na,5 Myeon Woo Chung,5 Woojae Myung,6 Soo-Youn Lee,1,3 Doh Kwan Kim6 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, 3Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, 4Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology (SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, 5Clinical Research Division, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Osong, Chungcheongbuk-do, 6Department of Psychiatry, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea Purpose: This study investigated population pharmacokinetics of paroxetine, and then performed an integrated analysis of exposure and clinical outcome using population pharmacokinetic parameter estimates in depressed patients treated with paroxetine. Patients and methods: A total of 271 therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM data were retrospectively collected from 127 psychiatric outpatients. A population nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach was used to describe serum concentrations of paroxetine. For 83 patients with major depressive disorder, the treatment response rate and the incidence of adverse drug reaction (ADR were characterized by logistic regression using daily dose or area under the concentration–time curve (AUC estimated from the final model as a potential exposure predictor. Results: One compartment model was developed. The apparent clearance of paroxetine was affected by age as well as daily dose administered at steady-state. Overall treatment response rate was 72%, and the incidence of ADR was 30%. The logistic regression showed that exposure

  8. Early non-steady-state population pharmacokinetics of oral cyclosporine in renal transplant recipients

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    Baek H

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Hyunjeong Baek,1,* Seunghoon Han,2,3,* Dong-Seok Yim,2,3 Sung Joo Kim,4 Soo-Youn Lee,5 Hye Ryoun Jang,6 Jung Eun Lee,6 Dae Joong Kim,6 Yoon-Goo Kim,6 Ha Young Oh,6 Wooseong Huh6 1Department of Medicine, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, the Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3PIPET (Pharmacometrics Institute for Practical Education and Training, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Surgery, 5Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, 6Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea *These authors equally contributed to this work Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the change in the pharmacokinetics (PK of cyclosporine in the non-steady-state period in the first week after renal transplantation; the factors influencing this change, including genetic variability; and the time point concentration that correlated best with drug exposure. Data were obtained from 69 patients, and PK studies were conducted on postoperative days (PODs 2, 3, and 7. Samples were taken pre-dose and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 12 hours after drug administration. MDR1, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 were genotyped. A population PK analysis and correlational analysis between the concentration at each time point and the area under the time–concentration curve were performed. A two-compartment model with first-order absorption was chosen. The rate and extent of drug absorption showed a significant increase on POD3, followed by a slight decrease on POD7. Until POD3, 8 hours post-dose was the single time point concentration that correlated best with drug exposure and 3 hours was the best time point on POD7. In both analyses, the MDR1 genotype showed potential as a factor influencing PK change. We conclude that oral administration of cyclosporine and dose adjustment based on a single concentration

  9. Lack of the effect of lobeglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin

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    Jung JA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jin Ah Jung,1 Soo-Yun Lee,2 Tae-Eun Kim,3 Jung-Ryul Kim,1 Chin Kim,4 Wooseong Huh,1,5 Jae-Wook Ko1,2 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, 2Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, Sungkyunkwan University, 3Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Konkuk University Medical Center, 4Clinical Research Team, CKD Pharmaceuticals, 5Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea Aims: Lobeglitazone has been developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was conducted to evaluate potential drug–drug interactions between lobeglitazone and warfarin, an anticoagulant with a narrow therapeutic index.Methods: In this open-label, three-treatment, crossover study, 24 healthy male subjects were administered lobeglitazone (0.5 mg for 1–12 days with warfarin (25 mg on day 5 in one period. After a washout interval, subjects were administered warfarin (25 mg alone in the other period. Pharmacokinetics of R- and S-warfarin and lobeglitazone, as well as pharmacodynamics of warfarin, as measured by international normalized ratio (INR and factor VII activity, were assessed. Results: The geometric mean ratios (GMRs and 90% confidence intervals (CIs for area under the curve from time zero to the time of the last quantifiable concentration (AUClast for warfarin + lobeglitazone: warfarin alone were 1.0076 (90% CI: 0.9771, 1.0391 for R-warfarin and 0.9880 (90% CI: 0.9537, 1.0235 for S-warfarin. The maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax values were 1.0167 (90% CI: 0.9507, 1.0872 for R-warfarin and 1.0028 (90% CI: 0.9518, 1.0992 for S-warfarin, both of which were contained in the interval 0.80–1.25. Lobeglitazone had no effect on the area under the effect–time curve from time 0 to 168 hours (AUEC of INR and factor VII activity, as demonstrated by the GMRs

  10. 78 FR 68151 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... PHILIP STEPHEN KELLER TOBIAS PETER KEUNG JANICE YUN YEE KIM DAN NAMHYUNG KIM JOHN HOON KIM JOONGI KIM KYUNG KEUN KIM YOUNG KEUN KINDSCHI NADIA KING KATHERINE......... CLARE CONSTANCE KING WILLIAM KIRCHHOFF TILMAN LEANDER KISSMANN EDNA KLAWITTER KLAUS MICHAEL KLEIN WENDY TARLETON KLOSTER STEPHEN CLAIR...

  11. A pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug interaction between rosuvastatin and valsartan in healthy subjects

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    Jung JA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jin Ah Jung,1 Soo-Yun Lee,2 Jung-Ryul Kim,1 Jae-Wook Ko,1,2 Seong Bok Jang,3 Su Youn Nam,3 Wooseong Huh1,41Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, 2Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Samsung Advanced Institute for Health Sciences and Technology, Sungkyunkwan University, 3Yuhan Research Institute, Yuhan Corporation, 4Department of Internal Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, KoreaPurpose: Valsartan, an angiotensin-receptor blocker, and rosuvastatin, a competitive inhibitor of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, are frequently coadministered to treat patients with hypertension and dyslipidemia. The study reported here sought to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions between rosuvastatin and valsartan in healthy Korean subjects. Subjects and methods: Thirty healthy male Korean subjects were administered with rosuvastatin (20 mg/day, valsartan (160 mg/day, and both drugs concomitantly for 4 days in a randomized, open-label, multiple-dose, three-treatment, three-period crossover study. Plasma concentrations of rosuvastatin, N-desmethyl rosuvastatin, and valsartan were determined using validated high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Lipid profiles and vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate were measured for the pharmacodynamic assessment.Results: For rosuvastatin, the geometric mean ratios (90% confidence intervals [CIs] of coadministration to mono-administration were 0.8809 (0.7873-0.9857 for maximum plasma concentration at steady state and 0.9151 (0.8632-0.9701 for area under the concentration–time curve (AUC over a dosing interval at steady state. For valsartan, the geometric mean ratios (90% CIs of those were 0.9300 (0.7946-1.0884 and 1.0072 (0.8893-1.1406, respectively. There were no significant differences in the metabolic ratio of N

  12. Effects of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid on the pharmacokinetics of valproic acid

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    Lee SY

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Soo-Yun Lee,1 Wooseong Huh,2 Jin Ah Jung,3 Hye Min Yoo,2 Jae-Wook Ko,1,2 Jung-Ryul Kim2,4 1Department of Health Sciences and Technology, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, 3Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Inje University, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, 4Department of Clinical Research and Evaluation, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea Abstract: Valproic acid (VPA is mainly metabolized via glucuronide, which is hydrolyzed by β-glucuronidase and undergoes enterohepatic circulation. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMC administration leads to decreased levels of β-glucuronidase-producing bacteria, suggesting that these antibiotics could interrupt enterohepatic circulation and thereby alter the pharmacokinetics of VPA. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of AMC on the pharmacokinetics of VPA. This was an open-label, two-treatment, one-sequence study in 16 healthy volunteers. Two treatments were evaluated; treatment VPA, in which a single dose of VPA 500 mg was administered, and treatment AMC + VPA, in which multiple doses of AMC 500/125 mg were administered three times daily for 7 days and then a single dose of VPA was administered. Blood samples were collected up to 48 hours. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental methods. Fifteen subjects completed the study. Systemic exposures and peak concentrations of VPA were slightly lower with treatment AMC + VPA than with treatment VPA (AUClast, 851.0 h·mg/L vs 889.6 h·mg/L; Cmax, 52.1 mg/L vs 53.0 mg/L. There were no significant between-treatment effects on pharmacokinetics (95% confidence interval [CI] of AUClast and Cmax (95.7 [85.9–106.5] and 98.3 [91.6–105.6], respectively. Multiple doses of AMC had no significant effects on the pharmacokinetics of VPA; thus, no dose adjustment is necessary. Keywords: drug–drug interaction, pharmacokinetics

  13. Latent class analysis on internet and smartphone addiction in college students

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    Mok JY

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Jung-Yeon Mok,1 Sam-Wook Choi,1,2 Dai-Jin Kim,3 Jung-Seok Choi,4 Jaewon Lee,2 Heejune Ahn,5 Eun-Jeung Choi,6 Won-Young Song7 1Eulji Addiction Institute, Eulji University, Seoul, South Korea; 2Department of Psychiatry, Gangnam Eulji Hospital, Eulji University, Seoul, South Korea; 3Department of Psychiatry, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea; 4Department of Psychiatry, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea; 5Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, SeoulTech, Seoul, South Korea; 6Department of Social Welfare, Dongshin University, Naju, South Korea; 7Department of Counseling and Psychotherapy, Konyang University, Nonsan, South Korea Purpose: This study aimed to classify distinct subgroups of people who use both smartphone and the internet based on addiction severity levels. Additionally, how the classified groups differed in terms of sex and psychosocial traits was examined. Methods: A total of 448 university students (178 males and 270 females in Korea participated. The participants were given a set of questionnaires examining the severity of their internet and smartphone addictions, their mood, their anxiety, and their personality. Latent class analysis and ANOVA (analysis of variance were the statistical methods used. Results: Significant differences between males and females were found for most of the variables (all P<0.05. Specifically, in terms of internet usage, males were more addicted than females (P<0.05; however, regarding smartphone, this pattern was reversed (P<0.001. Due to these observed differences, classifications of the subjects into subgroups based on internet and smartphone addiction were performed separately for each sex. Each sex showed clear patterns with the three-class model based on likelihood level of internet and smartphone addiction (P<0.001. A common trend for psychosocial trait factors was found for both sexes: anxiety levels and

  14. Hand grip strength and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Korea: an analysis in KNHANES VI

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    Lee SH

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Su Hwan Lee, Soo Jung Kim, Yeji Han, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Institute, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea Background: Muscle mass is known to be associated with mortality in elderly adults. Because hand grip strength (HGS is known as a simple assessment tool for muscular strength, many researchers have studied the association between HGS and disease. However, empirical evidence for the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and HGS is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between COPD and HGS, using Korean population data. Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted from 2013 to 2015. To reduce the effects of HGS-related factors and potential confounding factors, propensity score matching was used to match subjects with and without COPD. Results: Among 14,930 subjects, 832 were enrolled in each group (non-COPD and COPD after propensity score matching. COPD subjects did not have lower HGS than non-COPD subjects (non-COPD vs COPD, male, 38.0±7.0 vs 38.9±7.0 kg, P=0.044, female, 23.8±4.6 vs 24.2±4.9 kg, P=0.342. Lung function was classified by Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stages and was not significantly associated with HGS. For male COPD subjects, there was a significant correlation between HGS and the EuroQol Five-Dimension Questionnaire (EQ5D utility score index, which is an indicator of quality of life that adjusts for age and body mass index (r=0.201, P<0.001. The correlation was absent for female subjects (r=0.098, P=0.170. Conclusion: COPD subjects did not have lower HGS than non-COPD subjects. HGS did not associate with lung function. However, the HGS of male COPD subjects was

  15. Silver nanoparticles cause complications in pregnant mice

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    Zhang XF

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Xi-Feng Zhang,1,2 Jung-Hyun Park,1 Yun-Jung Choi,1 Min-Hee Kang,1 Sangiliyandi Gurunathan,1 Jin-Hoi Kim11Department of Animal Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2College of Biological and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs have attracted much interest and have been used for antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, and antiangiogenic applications because of their unique properties. The increased usage of AgNPs leads to a potential hazard to human health. However, the potential effects of AgNPs on animal models are not clear. This study was designed to investigate the potential impact of AgNPs on pregnant mice.Methods: The synthesis of AgNPs was performed using culture extracts of Bacillus cereus. The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. AgNPs were administrated into pregnant mice via intravenous infusion at 1.0 mg/kg doses at 6.5 days postcoitum (dpc. At 13.5, 15.5, and 17.5 dpc, the pregnant mice were euthanized, and the embryo and placenta were isolated. The meiotic status of oocytes was evaluated. DNA methylation studies were performed, and aberrant imprinting disrupted fetal, placental, and postnatal development. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis and Western blot were used to analyze various gene expressions.Results: The synthesized AgNPs were uniformly distributed and were spherical in shape with an average size of 8 nm. AgNPs exposure increased the meiotic progression of female germ cells in the fetal mouse ovaries, and maternal AgNP exposure significantly disrupted imprinted gene expression in 15.5 dpc embryos and placentas, such as Ascl2, Snrpn, Kcnq1ot1, Peg3, Zac1, H19, Igf2r, and Igf2; DNA methylation studies revealed that AgNPs exposure significantly altered the methylation levels of

  16. Nanoparticulated docetaxel exerts enhanced anticancer efficacy and overcomes existing limitations of traditional drugs

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    Choi J

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Jinhyang Choi,1,2 Eunjung Ko,1 Hye-Kyung Chung,3 Jae Hee Lee,1 Eun Jin Ju,1 Hyun Kyung Lim,4 Intae Park,1 Kab-Sig Kim,5 Joo-Hwan Lee,5 Woo-Chan Son,6 Jung Shin Lee,1,7 Joohee Jung,1,4 Seong-Yun Jeong,1,2 Si Yeol Song,1,8 Eun Kyung Choi1,3,8 1Institute for Innovative Cancer Research, 2Asan Institute for Life Sciences, 3Center for Development and Commercialization of Anti-cancer Therapeutics, 4College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women’s University, 5Bio-Synectics, 6Department of Pathology, 7Department of Internal Medicine, 8Department of Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea Abstract: Nanoparticulation of insoluble drugs improves dissolution rate, resulting in increased bioavailability that leads to increased stability, better efficacy, and reduced toxicity of drugs. Docetaxel (DTX, under the trade name Taxotere™, is one of the representative anticancer chemotherapeutic agents of this era. However, this highly lipophilic and insoluble drug has many adverse effects. Our novel and widely applicable nanoparticulation using fat and supercritical fluid (NUFS™ technology enabled successful nanoscale particulation of DTX (Nufs-DTX. Nufs-DTX showed enhanced dissolution rate and increased aqueous stability in water. After confirming the preserved mechanism of action of DTX, which targets microtubules, we showed that Nufs-DTX exhibited similar effects in proliferation and clonogenic assays using A549 cells. Interestingly, we observed that Nufs-DTX had a greater in vivo tumor growth delay effect on an A549 xenograft model than Taxotere™, which was in agreement with the improved drug accumulation in tumors according to the biodistribution result, and was caused by the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR effect. Although both Nufs-DTX and Taxotere™ showed negative results for our administration dose in the hematologic toxicity test, Nufs-DTX showed much less toxicity than Taxotere™ in

  17. Effect of self-assembled peptide–mesenchymal stem cell complex on the progression of osteoarthritis in a rat model

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    Kim JE

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Ji Eun Kim,1 Sang Mok Lee,2 Soo Hyun Kim,1 Phil Tatman,3 Albert O Gee,4 Deok-Ho Kim,3,5 Kyung Eun Lee,6 Youngmee Jung,1 Sang Jun Kim21Biomaterials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, South Korea; 2Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea; 3Department of Bioengineering, 4Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, 5Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine and Center for Cardiovascular Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; 6Advanced Analysis Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, South KoreaPurpose: To evaluate the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs encapsulated in self-assembled peptide (SAP hydrogels in a rat knee model for the prevention of osteoarthritis (OA progression.Materials and methods: Nanostructured KLD-12 SAPs were used as the injectable hydrogels. Thirty-three Sprague Dawley rats were used for the OA model. Ten rats were used for the evaluation of biotin-tagged SAP disappearance. Twenty-three rats were divided into four groups: MSC (n=6, SAP (n=6, SAP-MSC (n=6, and no treatment (n=5. MSCs, SAPs, and SAP-MSCs were injected into the knee joints 3 weeks postsurgery. Histologic examination, immunofluorescent staining, measurement of cytokine levels, and micro-computed tomography analysis were conducted 6 weeks after injections. Behavioral studies were done to establish baseline measurements before treatment, and repeated 3 and 6 weeks after treatment to measure the efficacy of SAP-MSCs.Results: Concentration of biotinylated SAP at week 1 was not significantly different from those at week 3 and week 6 (P=0.565. Bone mineral density was significantly lower in SAP-MSC groups than controls (P=0.002. Significant differences in terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling staining between the control group and all other groups were observed. Caspase-8, tissue inhibitor of

  18. Identification of subtypes in subjects with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and its clinical and socioeconomic implications

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    Lee JH

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Jin Hwa Lee,1 Chin Kook Rhee,2 Kyungjoo Kim,2 Jee-Ae Kim,3 Sang Hyun Kim,4 Kwang Ha Yoo,5 Woo Jin Kim,6 Yong Bum Park,7 Hye Yun Park,8 Ki-Suck Jung9 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, EwhaWomans University, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 3Pharmaceutical Policy Evaluation Research Team, Research Institution, Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, 4Big Data Division, Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, Wonju, 5Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University College of Medicine, Seoul, 6Department of Internal Medicine and Environmental Health Center, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, 7Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, 8Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, 9Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Medical Center, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, South Korea Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify subtypes in patients with mild-to-moderate airflow limitation and to appreciate their clinical and socioeconomic implications.Methods: Subjects who were aged ≥20 years and had forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ≥60% predicted and FEV1/forced vital capacity <0.7 were selected from the fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES in 2007–2012. The data were merged to the National Health Insurance reimbursement database during the same period. k-Means clustering was performed to explore subtypes. For clustering analysis, six key input variables – age, body mass index (BMI, FEV1% predicted, the presence or absence of self-reported wheezing

  19. Association of blood eosinophils and plasma periostin with FEV1 response after 3-month inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting beta2-agonist treatment in stable COPD patients

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    Park HY

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hye Yun Park,1 Hyun Lee,1 Won-Jung Koh,1 Seonwoo Kim,2 Ina Jeong,3 Hyeon-Kyoung Koo,4 Tae-Hyung Kim,5 Jin Woo Kim,6 Woo Jin Kim,7 Yeon-Mok Oh,8 Don D Sin,9 Seong Yong Lim,10,* Sang-Do Lee8,* On behalf of the KOLD Study Group 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; 2Biostatistics Team, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea; 3Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea; 4Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea; 5Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Gyeonggi-do, Korea; 6Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Uijeongbu St Mary’s Hospital, Gyunggi-do, Korea; 7Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, Korea; 8Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Clinical Research Center for Chronic Obstructive Airway Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; 9Respiratory Division, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 10Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: COPD patients with increased airway eosinophilic inflammation show a favorable response to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS in combination with a long-acting bronchodilator. Recent studies have demonstrated a significant correlation of sputum eosinophilia with blood eosinophils and periostin. We investigated whether high blood eosinophils and plasma periostin were associated

  20. Clinical implications of blood eosinophil count in patients with non-asthma–COPD overlap syndrome COPD

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    Song JH

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Jin Hwa Song,1 Chang-Hoon Lee,1 Jin Woo Kim,2 Won-Yeon Lee,3 Ji Ye Jung,4 Joo Hun Park,5 Ki Suck Jung,6 Kwang Ha Yoo,7 Yong Bum Park,8 Deog Keom Kim9 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, 2Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Gangwon-do, 4Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 5Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, 6Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical School, Anyang, Gyeonggi-do, 7Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 8Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, 9Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea Background: Recent studies that assessed the relevance of the blood eosinophil count as a biomarker in patients with COPD may have overestimated it because they included patients with asthma–COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS. We investigated the clinical implications of the blood eosinophil count in patients with non-ACOS COPD.Patients and methods: From a Korean COPD Subtype Study (KOCOSS cohort, we selected patients with non-ACOS COPD after excluding ACOS patients according to Spanish criteria. Clinical characteristics and the incidence of moderate-to-severe exacerbation were compared