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Sample records for julius lohnert 1885-1944

  1. Karl Julius Lohnert - an unknown astronomer, experimental psychologist and teacher (German Title: Karl Julius Lohnert - ein unbekannter Astronom, experimenteller Psychologe und Lehrer)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmadel, Lutz D.; Guski-Leinwand, Susanne

    2011-08-01

    Karl Julius Lohnert (1885-1944) with his double biography as astronomer and psychologist is hardly known in both fields. As a student of astronomy in Heidelberg, Lohnert discovered a couple of minor planets and he dedicated one to his PhD supervisor, the famous Leipzig professor for philosophy, Wilhelm Wundt. This connection is discussed for the first time almost one century after the naming of (635) Vundtia. The paper elucidates some biographical stations of Lohnert.

  2. Julius Petersen 1839-1910. A Biography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Jesper; Sabidussi, Gert; Toft, Bjarne

    1992-01-01

    A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics.......A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics....

  3. Authenticating the writings of Julius Caesar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kestemont, Mike; Stover, Justin; Koppel, Moshe; Karsdorp, F.B.; Daelemans, Walter

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we shed new light on the authenticity of the Corpus Caesarianum, a group of five commentaries describing the campaigns of Julius Caesar (100–44 BC), the founder of the Roman empire. While Caesar himself has authored at least part of these commentaries, the authorship of the rest of th

  4. Authenticating the writings of Julius Caesar

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kestemont, Mike; Stover, Justin; Koppel, Moshe; Karsdorp, F.B.; Daelemans, Walter

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we shed new light on the authenticity of the Corpus Caesarianum, a group of five commentaries describing the campaigns of Julius Caesar (100–44 BC), the founder of the Roman empire. While Caesar himself has authored at least part of these commentaries, the authorship of the rest of

  5. Gaudeamus. Het leven van Julius Röntgen (1855-1932). Componist en musicus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vis, G.N.M.

    2007-01-01

    Gaudeamus Het leven van Julius Röntgen (1855-1932) Componist en musicus Jurjen Vis shows in his thesis Gaudeamus. The life of Julius Röntgen (1855-1932) that already as a young child Julius Röntgen was a remarkable pianist and composer. He was hailed at that time as a second Mendelssohn. In 1874 Rön

  6. Planteamiento de un problema : la heterodoxia de Saúl Alejandro Taborda (1885-1944) /

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Estudios Latinoamericanos, presenta Mina Alejandra Navarro Trujillo ; asesor Andrés Kozel. 325 páginas : fotografías. Doctorado en Estudios Latinoamericanos UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  7. A brief account of Julius Planer's life and research

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    R. Bilyy

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A brief account of the life and research activities of Julius Planer is presented. Professor Planer is a scientist who lived one and half century ago. However, his studies, in particular, during the years when he headed Department of Anatomy at Universität in Lemberg, nowadays known as the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv in Ukraine, were essential to a modern understanding of liquid crystals. While working at Lviv University, Planer also made several landmark contributions to biomedical science.

  8. Julius von Schlosser and the need to reminisce

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    Karl Johns

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present essay of 1936, Julius Schlosser seems to have originated the term of ‘die Wiener Schule de Kunstgeschichte’. After surviving a period of exasperating rivalry with Josef Strzygowski, seeing so many colleagues go to their graves before completing their favorite projects, and possibly since Wilhelm Waetzoldt decided to omit Austrians from his Deutsche Kunsthistoriker, there were several reasons for a man of his age, experience and critical vigor to take stock of a development which seemed to be heading into an uncertain future.

  9. Julius Sachs (1832-1897) and the Unity of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Baluška, František

    2015-01-01

    In 1865, the German botanist Julius Sachs published a seminal monograph entitled Experimental-Physiologie der Pflanzen (Experimental Physiology of Plants) and hence became the founder of a new scientific discipline that originated 150 y ago. Here, we outline the significance of the achievements of Sachs. In addition, we document, with reference to his Vorlesungen über Pflanzen-Physiologie (Lectures on the Physiology of Plants, 1882), that Sachs was one of the first experimentalists who proposed the functional unity of all organisms alive today (humans, animals, plants and other "vegetable" organisms, such as algae, cyanophyceae, fungi, myxomycetes, and bacteria).

  10. Julius Von Bismark and Self-absorption without Stigmas

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    Clara Zarza

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El pasado mes de junio, la galería Marlborough Chelsea presentaba en el  pabellón de Unlimited de la 46.ª edición de la Feria de Arte de Basilea una enorme performance-instalación del artista alemán Julius von Bismarck. La obra, titulada Egocentric System, presentaba un llamativo hábitat de cemento a modo de gran antena parabólica giratoria donde Von Bismark dormía, comía o escribía en su ordenador y hablaba por teléfono durante los días de la feria. Su presencia en el contexto institucional de la feria, la enorme atención del público y de la prensa parecen incidir en un cambio en la recepción de obras autorrepresentativas que exploran el mundo privado o la experiencia personal.

  11. Noncommutativity and Humanity -- Julius Wess and his Legacy

    CERN Document Server

    Djordjevic, Goran S

    2014-01-01

    A personal view on Julius Wess's human and scientific legacy in Serbia and the Balkan region is given. Motivation for using noncommutative and nonarchimedean geometry on very short distances is presented. In addition to some mathematical preliminaries, we present a short introduction in adelic quantum mechanics in a way suitable for its noncommutative generalization. We also review the basic ideas and tools embedded in $q$-deformed and noncommutative quantum mechanics. A rather fundamental approach, called deformation quantization, is noted. A few relations between noncommutativity and nonarchimedean spaces, as well as similarities between corresponding quantum theories, in particular, quantum cosmology are pointed out. An extended Moyal product in a frame of an adelic noncommutative quantum mechanics is also considered.

  12. Julius – a template based supplementary electronic health record system

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    Klein Gunnar O

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background EHR systems are widely used in hospitals and primary care centres but it is usually difficult to share information and to collect patient data for clinical research. This is partly due to the different proprietary information models and inconsistent data quality. Our objective was to provide a more flexible solution enabling the clinicians to define which data to be recorded and shared for both routine documentation and clinical studies. The data should be possible to reuse through a common set of variable definitions providing a consistent nomenclature and validation of data. Another objective was that the templates used for the data entry and presentation should be possible to use in combination with the existing EHR systems. Methods We have designed and developed a template based system (called Julius that was integrated with existing EHR systems. The system is driven by the medical domain knowledge defined by clinicians in the form of templates and variable definitions stored in a common data repository. The system architecture consists of three layers. The presentation layer is purely web-based, which facilitates integration with existing EHR products. The domain layer consists of the template design system, a variable/clinical concept definition system, the transformation and validation logic all implemented in Java. The data source layer utilizes an object relational mapping tool and a relational database. Results The Julius system has been implemented, tested and deployed to three health care units in Stockholm, Sweden. The initial responses from the pilot users were positive. The template system facilitates patient data collection in many ways. The experience of using the template system suggests that enabling the clinicians to be in control of the system, is a good way to add supplementary functionality to the present EHR systems. Conclusion The approach of the template system in combination with various local EHR

  13. On Julius Planer's 1861 paper "Notiz über das Cholestearin" in Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie

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    A. Trokhymchuk

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Brief review of the literature on the history of thermotropic liquid crystal discovery and the role of the observations reported by Julius Planer in his note published almost 150 years ago.

  14. SAÚL TABORDA: DEBATES SOBRE LA CRISIS, LA ESTÉTICA Y EL REFORMISMO (1885-1944

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    Myriam Southwell

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo surge en el marco del proyecto ¿La educación sentimental: la estética escolar argentina de la primera mitad del siglo XX¿ proyecto financiado por la Agencia Nacional para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (ANPCyT y que se desarrolla en tres universidades argentinas (la de Buenos Aires, la de La Plata y la de Rosario. El propósito específico de este trabajo es analizar el pensamiento pedagógico de Saúl Taborda, un intelectual forjado al calor del movimiento reformista universitario, de significativa presencia en el escenario latinoamericano y que ensayó propuestas reformadoras dirigidas al sistema escolar. Tres dimensiones analíticas serán centrales en la presentación del pensamiento tabordiano: la propuesta comunalista, una perspectiva emancipadora hacia los jóvenes y su participación en las instituciones escolares y la relevancia de la estética como dimensión formativa para los jóvenes.

  15. Julius Wellhausen � die denke van �n Ou-Testamentikus

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    Gideon J. Serfontein

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Julius Wellhausen � the thoughts of an Old Testament scholar. The purpose of this article is to examine the life, influence and greatest works of Old Testament scholar Julius Wellhausen. Wellhausen was influenced by the findings of other Old Testament critics that preceded him, as well as the new environment that the Enlightenment has created. These influences can be seen in his three major works: Die Komposition des Hexateuchs � here an idea of the method he used in the recognition, grouping and dating of the sources can be found. Wellhausen made use of these sources to construct a history of Israel which can be viewed in his Geschichte Israels. His greatest work was most certainly his Prolegomena zur Geschichte Israels and he makes significant findings in the part on the Geschichte des Kultus. The question to be answered though is: Does Wellhausen�s source hypothesis still has a part to play in our modern research on the Pentateuch?

  16. Art and science interactions - First Collide @CERN public lecture by Julius Von Bismarck

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    Creative collisions between the arts and science have begun at CERN with the first Collide@CERN artist, Julius Von Bismarck starting his digital arts residency at the world's largest particle physics laboratory outside Geneva. He was chosen from 395 entries from 40 countries around the world from the Prix Ars Electronica Collide@CERN competition launched last September 2011. To mark this special occasion, the first Collide@CERN public lecture open to everyone will take place on March 21st 2012 at CERN's Globe of Science and Innovation, with a drinks reception at 18.45 and with presentations starting at 19.30. The event is free and will be opened by the Director General of CERN, Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer and Gerfried Stocker, the Artistic Director of Ars Electronica, Linz, - CERN's international cultural partners for the digital arts Collide@CERN award known as Prix Ars Electronica Collide@CERN in recognition of our joint partnership. Julius Von Bismarck and his CERN science inspiration partner, the physic...

  17. Light and collisions: Julius von Bismark presents an update on his work after his CERN Residency

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    On 27 June 2012, Julius von Bismarck, the first winner of the Prix Ars Electronica Collide@CERN, will give a special informal interim lecture for CERN on his ideas and work in progress.   Julius will disclose his personal reactions to his experiences at CERN, sharing with us how particle physics and the laboratory has started having an impact on his artistic practice. As he said when he won the prize at the first Collide@CERN public lecture: “For me, the Collide@CERN residency is a dream come true.” So has reality matched up with his dreams? And why in the first two weeks did he say: “For me already the residency is already a success.” What is his experience of the creative collisions between arts and science? There will be opportunities for the audience to ask questions, and the artist stresses that this will be a personal and informal presentation of ideas in progress. The lecture will take place in the Council Chamber (Room 503-1-001) from 4.3...

  18. Julius von Schlosser on Vasari: a translation from Die Kunstliteratur (1924

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    Karl Johns

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Although Julius Schlosser is well known by name and as a source for bibliographical references, very few art historians are familiar with the substance of his forty year teaching career which inspired the likes of Kris, Kurz, Bodonyi, Gombrich and many others. Die Kunstliteratur of 1924 became his fifth and final such handbook, and was published with the intention to elucidate the pre-history of the history of art as an academic discipline. It is natural that Giorgio Vasari has a place at the core of such a story. However, Schlosser possessed an unrivalled knowledge of the relevant written and theoretical sources, and his unusually consistent approach found Lorenzo Ghiberti to be the actual founder of the subject and Winckelmann to have finally overcome the relatively pernicious influence of Vasari. This chapter from the centre of his book therefore still today remains the best critical account of Vasari’s writings from a broader point of view.

  19. Julius H. Comroe, Jr., distinguished lecture: central chemoreception: then ... and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nattie, Eugene

    2011-01-01

    The 2010 Julius H. Comroe, Jr., Lecture of the American Physiological Society focuses on evolving ideas in chemoreception for CO₂/pH in terms of what is "sensed," where it is sensed, and how the sensed information is used physiologically. Chemoreception is viewed as involving neurons (and glia) at many sites within the hindbrain, including, but not limited to, the retrotrapezoid nucleus, the medullary raphe, the locus ceruleus, the nucleus tractus solitarius, the lateral hypothalamus (orexin neurons), and the caudal ventrolateral medulla. Central chemoreception also has an important nonadditive interaction with afferent information arising at the carotid body. While ventilation has been viewed as the primary output variable, it appears that airway resistance, arousal, and blood pressure can also be significantly affected. Emphasis is placed on the importance of data derived from studies performed in the absence of anesthesia.

  20. Julius Elster and Hans Geitel - Dioscuri of physics and pioneer investigators in atmospheric electricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fricke, Rudolf G. A.; Schlegel, Kristian

    2017-01-01

    Julius Elster and Hans Geitel contributed to the physics at the turn of the 19-20th century in many ways. We first summarize the life of these exceptional scientists. Then - owing to the topic of this journal - we focus on their atmospheric electricity research. With their experiments, careful evaluations and ingenious interpretation, Elster and Geitel made important contributions to precipitation electricity, the influence of solar radiation on the electric state of the atmosphere, the nature of charge carriers and the ionization of air by radioactivity. They proved their experimental skills by inventing new instruments with unprecedented accuracy and reliability. A very modern concept was their attitude to undertake long-term measurements at various locations. A section on their recognition in the physics community and their scientific distinctions concludes the paper.

  1. Scripture in the Sky: Jeremias Drexel, Julius Schiller, and the Christianizing of the Constellations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendillo, M.; Shapiro, A.

    2011-06-01

    From the times of early Christians up to the Enlightenment, the twelve ancient signs of the zodiac were challenged as highly inappropriate pagan images. The most concerted efforts to replace those signs with names, mottos, and images taken from Holy Scripture occurred in the early decades of the 17th century. We review the background that led to the proposed use of sacred mottos by Jeremias Drexel, and then of the names and images of the Twelve Apostles by Julius Schiller. The reaction of a leading seventeenth-century astronomer is presented to suggest why such changes were never adopted. Finally, we address issues of conflict and motivation that might have led to efforts to Christianize the Heavens.

  2. Atmosphere-Ionosphere Coupling due to Atmospheric Tides (Julius Bartels Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Jeffrey M.

    2016-04-01

    Within the last decade, a new realization has arrived on the scene of ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) science: terrestrial weather significantly influences space weather. The aspect of space weather referred to here consists of electron density variability that translates to uncertainties in navigation and communications systems, and neutral density variability that translates to uncertainties in orbital and reentry predictions. In the present context "terrestrial weather" primarily refers to the meteorological conditions that determine the spatial-temporal distribution of tropospheric water vapor and latent heating associated with tropical convection, and the middle atmosphere disturbances associated with sudden stratosphere warmings. The net effect of these processes is a spatially- and temporally-evolving spectrum of waves (gravity waves, tides, planetary waves, Kelvin waves) that grows in amplitude with height and enters the IT system near ~100 km. Some members of the wave spectrum penetrate all the way to the base of the exosphere (ca. 500 km). Along the way, nonlinear interactions between different wave components occur, modifying the interacting waves and giving rise to secondary waves. Finally, the IT wind perturbations carried by the waves can redistribute ionospheric plasma, either through the electric fields generated via the dynamo mechanism between 100 and 150 km, or directly by moving plasma along magnetic field lines at higher levels. Additionally, the signatures of wave-driven dynamo currents are reflected in magnetic perturbations observed at the ground. This is how terrestrial atmospheric variability, through the spectrum of vertically- propagating waves that it produces, can effectively drive IT space weather. The primary objective of this Julius Bartels Lecture is to provide an overview of the global observational evidence for the IT consequences of these upward-propagating waves. In honor of Julius Bartels, who performed much research (including

  3. Early Conquest of the Rock: Julius Lempert's Life and the Complete Apicectomy Technique for the Treatment of Suppurative Petrous Apicitis

    OpenAIRE

    Khaled M. Krisht; Shelton, Clough; Couldwell, William T.

    2014-01-01

    Julius Lempert (1891–1968) was one of the most revolutionary and innovative neuro-otologists of the 20th century. He had a remarkable role in advancing the field of otolaryngology to its modern shape and form, especially through his groundbreaking introduction of the fenestration procedure for the treatment of otosclerosis. Although he is highly celebrated by many neuro-otologists for his contributions to our surgical and anatomical understanding of the petrous bone, he is not well known to t...

  4. Basic versus applied research: Julius Sachs (1832-1897) and the experimental physiology of plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    The German biologist Julius Sachs was the first to introduce controlled, accurate, quantitative experimentation into the botanical sciences, and is regarded as the founder of modern plant physiology. His seminal monograph Experimental-Physiologie der Pflanzen (Experimental Physiology of Plants) was published 150 y ago (1865), when Sachs was employed as a lecturer at the Agricultural Academy in Poppelsdorf/Bonn (now part of the University). This book marks the beginning of a new era of basic and applied plant science. In this contribution, I summarize the achievements of Sachs and outline his lasting legacy. In addition, I show that Sachs was one of the first biologists who integrated bacteria, which he considered to be descendants of fungi, into the botanical sciences and discussed their interaction with land plants (degradation of wood etc.). This "plant-microbe-view" of green organisms was extended and elaborated by the laboratory botanist Wilhelm Pfeffer (1845-1920), so that the term "Sachs-Pfeffer-Principle of Experimental Plant Research" appears to be appropriate to characterize this novel way of performing scientific studies on green, photoautotrophic organisms (embryophytes, algae, cyanobacteria).

  5. Julius König et les Principes Aristotéliciens

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    Marcel Guillaume

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available In his posthumous book from 1914, “New foundations of logic, arithmetic andset theory”, Julius König develops his philosophy of mathematics. In a previous contribution, we attracted attention on the positive part (his truth and falsehood predicates being excluded of his “pure logic”: his “isology” being assimilated to mutual implication, it constitutes a genuine formalization of positive intuitionistic logic. König’s intention was to rebuild logic in such a way that the excluded third’s principle could no longer be logical. However, his treatment of truth and falsehood (boiling down to negation is purely classical. We explain here this discrepancy by the choice of the alleged more primitive notions to which the questioned notions of truth and falsehood have been reduced. Finaly, it turns out that the disjunctive and conjunctive forms of the principles of the excluded third and of contradiction have effectively been excluded, but none of their implicative forms.

  6. VERBAL POWER DUEL: VERBAL COMBAT STRATEGIES IN SHAKESPEARE'S JULIUS CAESAR:BRUTUS VERSUS ANTONY

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    AYDIN BEHNAM

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In A Glossary of Contemporary Literary Theory, Jeremy Hawthorn refers to Cultural Materialism as an "umbrella term" that allows itself the opulence to utilise a wide range of tools and theories from many different disciplines. This allows us to justify the nature of both commonly acknowledged and abstruse socio-cultural episteme and discourse, one of the most prominent of which is the issue of power and power relations.This paper, which was originally part of a larger body of work on Cultural Materialism, tries to draw upon a few different theories to examine the confrontational relationship that exists between the two prominent characters of Shakespeare's (1953 Julius Caesar (namely Antony and Brutus, as represented by the duel-like orations of the two characters. The main goal of the paper is to demonstrate how Antony is able to manipulate the words of Brutus against him and thus succeed in captivating the crowd.The theoretical discussions drawn upon in this article will include Austin's (1999 ideas on language as action, Bourdieu's (1999 argument of dialogue as contest and Hutchby's (1999 findings on turn-taking strategies. This paper will also incorporate Paul Grice's Cooperative Principle, introduced in his "Logic and Conversation" (1999. This principle argues that the flouting of any of Grice's four maxims by the characters is meaningful and effective because it introduces an "implicature" in the political and social context in which the pieces of discourse take place.

  7. Dictator Perpetuus: Julius Caesar--did he have seizures? If so, what was the etiology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, John R

    2004-10-01

    The "Dictator Perpetuus" of the Roman Empire, the great Julius Caesar, was not the one for whom the well-known cesarean operation was named; instead, this term is derived from a Latin word meaning "to cut." Caesar likely had epilepsy on the basis of four attacks that were probably complex partial seizures: (1) while listening to an oration by Cicero, (2) in the Senate while being offered the Emperor's Crown, and in military campaigns, (3) near Thapsus (North Africa) and (4) Corduba (Spain). Also, it is possible that he had absence attacks as a child and as a teenager. His son, Caesarion, by Queen Cleopatra, likely had seizures as a child, but the evidence is only suggestive. His great-great-great grandnephews Caligula and Britannicus also had seizures. The etiology of these seizures in this Julio-Claudian family was most likely through inheritance, with the possibility of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in his great grandfather and also his father. Our best evidence comes from the ancient sources of Suetonius, Plutarch, Pliny, and Appianus.

  8. Rhetorical Flaws in Brutus’ Forum Speech in Julius Caesar: A Carefully Controlled Weakness?

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    Dominic Cheetham

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In Julius Caesar Shakespeare reproduces one of the pivotal moments in European history. Brutus and Mark Antony, through the medium of their forum speeches, compete for the support of the people of Rome. In the play, as in history, Mark Antony wins this contest of language. Critics are generally agreed that Antony has the better speech, but also that Brutus’ speech is still exceptionally good. Traditionally the question of how Antony’s speech is superior is argued by examining differences between the two speeches, however, this approach has not resulted in any critical consensus. This paper takes the opening lines of the speeches as the only point of direct convergence between the content and the rhetorical forms used by Brutus and Antony and argues that Brutus’ opening tricolon is structurally inferior to Marc Antony’s. Analysis of the following rhetorical schemes in Brutus’ speech reveals further structural weaknesses. Shakespeare gives Brutus a speech rich in perceptually salient rhetorical schemes but introduces small, less salient, structural weaknesses into those schemes. The tightly structured linguistic patterns which make up the majority of Brutus’ speech give an impression of great rhetorical skill. This skilful impression obscures the minor faults or weaknesses that quietly and subtly reduce the overall power of the speech. By identifying the weaknesses in Brutus’ forms we add an extra element to the discussion of these speeches and at the same time display how subtly and effectively Shakespeare uses rhetorical forms to control audience response and appreciation.

  9. Julius von Schlosser: aesthetics, art history and the book’, Report on the 150th Anniversary Conference on Julius von Schlosser, 6th and 7th October 2016: Julius von Schlosser (1866–1938, Internationale Tagung zum 150. Geburtstag, gemeinsam veranstaltet vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien und dem Institut für Kunstgeschichte der Universität Wien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Rampley

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This report provides an overview of the main themes and questions explored at the conference held in Vienna on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Julius von Schlosser. It considers in particular his attempts to address the challenges presented by what he regarded as the primacy of the aesthetic artefact in art historical discourse. It presents the broader interests of Schlosser’s diverse oeuvre, which ranged from the study of musical instruments and collecting to medieval art and the literature on art.

  10. [Julius Ludwig August Koch (1841-1908). Psychiatrist, philosopher, and Christian].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutmann, Philipp

    2006-01-01

    Julius Ludwig August Koch was born 1841 in the small town of Laichingen (Württemberg) in the Southwest of Germany. After working as a chemist for about seven years, he studied medicine in Tübingen from 1863 to 1867. First he worked as a physican and later in a private mental hospital in Göppingen. From 1874 to 1898, he was director of a state mental hospital in Zwiefalten (Württemberg). Koch died in 1908 after a long period of suffering in Zwiefalten. Being deeply routed in a Christian faith and having much interest in moral and ethical issues, Koch published some philosophical works 'Epistomological investigations' (Erkenntnistheoretische Untersuchungen, 1882), 'Outline of philosophy' (Grundriss der Philosophie, 1885) and 'Reality and its knowledge' (Die Wirklichkeit und ihre Erkenntnis, 1886). In this papers he tried to bring together critical Kantian philosophy and Christian conviction. In 1888 he published a 'Short Textbook of Psychiatry' (Kurzgefasster Leitfaden der Psychiatrie), where he mentioned the term "psychopathic inferiority" for the first time (Psychopathische Minderwertigkeiten). The following work, focussing on this issue with the title 'Psychopathic Inferiority' (Die psychopathischen Minderwertigkeiten, 1891-1893), became one of the fundamental texts concerning the concept of disorders of personality, which are in use today. In this book, published in three parts, he tried to describe the hole field between psychic normality and psychoses. Only the first and biggest part deals with psychopathological symptoms which we now think to be essential for personality disorders. Koch differentiates between "disposition" (Disposition), "burden" (Belastung) and "degeneration" (Degeneration), assuming a graduation. "Disposition" should be the mildest disorder, turning into normality, whereas "degeneration" turns to psychosis. Koch believed, that on the basis of all degrees of "psychpathic inferiority" there was a congenital defect of the constitution of

  11. Teleotemporalidad: un nivel de estudio adicional para la organización derivado del modelo de Julius Thomas Fraser

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    Claudio Mera Ruiz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone la teleotemporalidad como un nuevo espacio de análisis de la organización derivado de la consideración del modelo de Julius Thomas Fraser. Para desarrollar la propuesta, se sintetiza el trabajo de Fraser, que está compuesto por seis niveles de estudio de la temporalidad: 1 atemporalidad, que toca los fenómenos electromagnéticos; 2 prototemporalidad, que explica el comportamiento molecular; 3 eotemporalidad, que se ocupa de la mecánica clásica; 4 biotemporalidad, que atañe al comportamiento de los seres vivos; 5 nootemporalidad, que explica la experiencia humana, y 6 sociotemporalidad, sobre los fenómenos sociales del tiempo. Por último, se explica la teleotemporalidad como un nuevo espacio de análisis útil para aproximarse a la comprensión de la temporalidad organizacional.

  12. Early Conquest of the Rock: Julius Lempert's Life and the Complete Apicectomy Technique for the Treatment of Suppurative Petrous Apicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krisht, Khaled M; Shelton, Clough; Couldwell, William T

    2015-03-01

    Julius Lempert (1891-1968) was one of the most revolutionary and innovative neuro-otologists of the 20th century. He had a remarkable role in advancing the field of otolaryngology to its modern shape and form, especially through his groundbreaking introduction of the fenestration procedure for the treatment of otosclerosis. Although he is highly celebrated by many neuro-otologists for his contributions to our surgical and anatomical understanding of the petrous bone, he is not well known to the neurosurgical community. In this article, we give a detailed account of Dr. Lempert's life and discuss his invaluable contribution to skull base petrous bone anatomy and surgery through his pioneering work on the complete apicectomy for the treatment of suppurative petrous apicitis.

  13. Word, Body, Power: A Reading of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar and Ariel Dorfman’s Death and the Maiden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Saglia

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio prende in esame il corpo come luogo di operazioni di scrittura tese a mettere in scena effetti di potere “in atto”. Attraverso esplorazioni testuali di opere significative, sebbene lontane nel tempo e appartenenti a sistemi linguistico-culturali distanti, come il Julius Caesar di Shakespeare e La muerte y la doncella (Death and the Maiden di Ariel Dorfman, si intendono segnalare aspetti formali, modalità semiotiche, configurazioni ideologiche e strutture affettive proprie di una prassi retorica in cui la rappresentazione del corpo, tramite il linguaggio inteso come proiezione della fisicità, corrisponde a un’ostensione del potere come nesso di gesto e voce, azione e discorso – e soprattutto come zona di conflitto. Nelle due opere in questione la parola diventa visibile come meccanismo di esplicitazione di una fisicità che è zona di scontro e confronto tra effetti di potere quali la coercizione e la resistenza, tra occultamento e svelamento della verità, tra identità maschile e femminile. Alla luce di queste prove testuali, la scrittura del corpo si profila come una performance, densa di “intensità affettive”, dello stesso corpo in quanto punto di incrocio di effetti di parola e nucleo di atti ideologici e politici – un corpo, insomma, che è sia soggetto della storia, sia oggetto di molteplici operazioni e negoziazioni retoriche.

  14. Challenges to the implementation of International Health Regulations (2005) on Preventing Infectious Diseases: experience from Julius Nyerere International Airport, Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakari, Edith; Frumence, Gasto

    2013-01-01

    Background The International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) is a legal instrument binding all World Health Organization (WHO) member States. It aims to prevent and control public health emergencies of international concern. Country points of entry (POEs) have been identified as potential areas for effective interventions to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases across borders. The agreement postulates that member states will strengthen core capacities detailed in the IHR (2005), including those specified for the POE. This study intended to assess the challenges faced in implementing the IHR (2005) requirements at Julius Nyerere International Airport (JNIA), Dar es Salaam. Design A cross-sectional, descriptive study, employing qualitative methods, was conducted at the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW), WHO, and JNIA. In-depth interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs) and documentary reviews were used to obtain relevant information. Respondents were purposively enrolled into the study. Thematic analysis was used to generate study findings. Results Several challenges that hamper implementation of the IHR (2005) were identified: (1) none of the 42 Tanzanian POEs have been specifically designated to implement IHR (2005). (2) Implementation of the IHR (2005) at the POE was complicated as it falls under various uncoordinated government departments. Although there were clear communication channels at JNIA that enhanced reliable risk communication, the airport lacked isolated rooms specific for emergence preparedness and response to public health events. Conclusions JNIA is yet to develop adequate core capacities required for implementation of the IHR (2005). There is a need for policy managers to designate JNIA to implement IHR (2005) and ensure that public health policies, legislations, guidelines, and practice at POE are harmonized to improve international travel and trade. Policy makers and implementers should also ensure that implementation of

  15. La fotografía de Julius Shulman y la construcción de la imagen de la arquitectura del sur de California

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Díez Martínez

    2014-01-01

    A Julius Shulman le correspondió, casi en exclusiva, la labor de cronista gráfico de la arquitectura moderna en el sur de California. Consciente de la dificultad de hacer ver al público la belleza de estas construcciones, Shulman desarrolló un lenguaje propio con un marcado sentido escenográfico, un encuentro entre la fotografía arquitectónica clásica y la publicidad contemporánea inspirada en la cultura pop en la que la colocación de los muebles en intervalos estratégicos, la iluminación, la...

  16. The pre-Anschluss Vienna School of Medicine - the physicians: Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940) and Karel Wenckebach (1864-1940).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Lily Bzl; Shaw, Robert A

    2016-05-01

    Three physicians are discussed. Sigmund Freud, probably the best-known member of the Vienna School of Medicine, was the path-breaking pioneer in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Julius Wagner-Jauregg was a psychiatrist who discovered the link between iodine deficiency and goitre and also developed malaria therapy to treat progressive paralysis caused by syphilis for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize. Karel Wenckebach, the pioneering Dutch cardiologist, is best known for the Wenckebach block. After the Anschluss, fate dealt very different hands to these three physicians. Freud fled to London where he soon died. Wagner-Jauregg, who had some pan-Germanic sympathies as well as views on eugenics, left a controversial legacy. The Dutch cardiologist Wenckebach died in Vienna shortly after his homeland had been invaded in 1940 by that of his hosts. © IMechE 2014.

  17. [Rezensionen zu:] Gerhard Menk: Vom Bismarckianer zum Liberalen: der Politiker und Lehrer Otto Hufnagel (1885-1944) in Waldeck und Frankfurt am Main. Erster Band: Darstellung, Marburg: N.G.Elwert 2006, VIII + 972 S., ISBN 978-3-7708-1297-4 : Gerhard Menk (Hg.): Vom Bismarckianer zum Liberalen: der Politiker und Lehrer Otto Hufnagel (1885-1944) in Waldeck und Frankfurt am Main. Zweiter Band: Dokumente, Marburg: N.G.Elwert 2006, VI + 776 S., ISBN 978-3-7708-1298-1

    OpenAIRE

    Fahrmeir, Andreas

    2007-01-01

    Otto Hufnagel war bis vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg ein typischer wilhelminischer Bildungsbürger. Er wurde 1885 als Sohn eines protestantischen Frankfurter Volksschullehrers und Veteranen des Kriegs von 1870 geboren, legte 1905 das Abitur ab und studierte in Heidelberg und Leipzig Geschichte, Deutsch und Latein. Während die kontroverse Bewertung seiner Dissertation zeigte, dass (nur) ein Teil der Leipziger Historiker in ihm ein wissenschaftliches Talent sah, waren auch die Skeptiker sicher, dass e...

  18. 基于Julius的机器人语音识别系统构建%Robot Speech Recognition System Based on Julius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付维; 刘冬; 闵华松

    2011-01-01

    As a result of the continuous development of robot technology, speech recognition of the robot is proposed as intelligent hu- man-computer interaction. After studying the basic principles of HMM speech recognition, in the robot platform of laboratory speech recognition system for isolated words is achieved with open source HTK and Julius. Using the speech recognition system, we can extract the voice command for robot control.%随着机器人技术不断发展,本文提出机器人的语音识别这一智能人机交互方式。在研究了基于HMM语音识别基本原理的情况下,在实验室的机器人平台上,利用HTK和Julius开源平台,构建了一个孤立词的语音识别系统。利用该语音识别系统可以提取语音命令用于机器人的控制。

  19. La fotografía de Julius Shulman y la construcción de la imagen de la arquitectura del sur de California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Díez Martínez

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A Julius Shulman le correspondió, casi en exclusiva, la labor de cronista gráfico de la arquitectura moderna en el sur de California. Consciente de la dificultad de hacer ver al público la belleza de estas construcciones, Shulman desarrolló un lenguaje propio con un marcado sentido escenográfico, un encuentro entre la fotografía arquitectónica clásica y la publicidad contemporánea inspirada en la cultura pop en la que la colocación de los muebles en intervalos estratégicos, la iluminación, la elección y actitud de los modelos o la vegetación estaban cuidadosamente estudiados para guiar la vista del espectador hacia la arquitectura y el estilo de vida que de esta se desprendía. El artículo propone una visión transversal de la fotografía de Shulman y establece lazos entre su obra y la tensión política que se respiraba en los Estados Unidos de la Guerra Fría. Gracias a las “escenas” capturadas en sus fotografías, la arquitec­tura moderna californiana quedaría por siempre asociada al contexto creado por el fotógrafo, dando lugar a imágenes que el tiempo ha elevado a la categoría de iconos culturales del siglo XX. Como la arquitectura que retrataba, la fotografía se convirtió en una exaltación de la modernidad entendida como una nueva era de bienestar, prosperidad y progreso.

  20. [Knowledge of German neurologists on migraine around 1890. Paul Julius Möbius and his 1894 monograph Die Migräne].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schobeß, C; Steinberg, H

    2013-08-01

    Paul Julius Möbius (1853-1907), a Leipzig-based author and editor on a vast majority of subjects, has often been acknowledged as a leading 19th-century German neurologist. His impact on the development of knowledge on migraine has likewise been pointed to. This study compares the monograph published by Möbius on the illness in 1894 with contemporary publications and with present day best practice to establish if the author really made an essential contribution to the problem of migraine. As a representative of the central theory Möbius assumed that migraine was caused by aberrations in the brain. At the same time he made it clear that due to very limited diagnostic options this was only a hypothesis. Apart from a genetic factor and these cerebral changes, for Möbius the general state of health was a decisive factor and prevention and change in lifestyle therefore played a crucial role in his therapeutic recommendations. Basically there were only few differences between the views of Möbius and his colleagues, the major dissimilarity being that Möbius postulated a merely suggestive impact but no physical effect of electrotherapy. Although Möbius's monograph on migraine lacks originality, it provides a concise, easy to understand and stylistically impressive overview on the state of knowledge at that time. Therefore, the book can be considered as a benchmark publication of German speaking neurology around 1890 on migraine and it is highly recommended to present day headache and migraine researchers as well as historians of psychiatry and neurology.

  1. Vaimueliidi lapsed / Julius Ürt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ürt, Julius

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Ehin, Kristiina. Luigeluulinn : luuletused. Tallinn : Huma, 2003; [Kaevats, Mihkel] Olematu, Olev. Ederlezi: [luuletused.Tallinn] : Huma, 2003; Viiding, Elo. Teatud erandid : [luuletused]. Tallinn : Tuum, 2003

  2. 2200-IJBCS-Article-Julius Ghogomu

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    out at 25 °C in batch mode to evaluate the effects of parameters such as pH, initial phenol concentration and ... model proves that pore diffusion plays little or no significant role in the adsorption of phenol onto .... adsorbents (%R), which is the ratio between ... concentration of phenol, V(L) is the volume of ..... surface area.

  3. 1046-IJBCS-Article-Tieguhong Chupezi Julius

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    are coefficients whose values and signs determine the influence of variables on the preference for housing material. P α .... linked to the number of houses constructed. However, the .... ethnicity, gender, household size and number .... Logging companies exploited the five ..... the effects of gender, age, main occupation.

  4. Julius Caesar and the Gallic Campaign: A Roadmap to the Use of the Instruments of Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    wine.16 ill contrast, the Belgae were exuberant consumers who constantly exhausted resources. The Belgae, also 1he quintessential egalitarians...or "Romanization," refers to Rome’s ethnocentric view that Rome was omnipotent and just; therefore, barbarians should be grateful for the

  5. Prezidenta Thetshni nenavideli i po etu storonu barrikadõ / Julius Stross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stross, Julius

    2004-01-01

    Moskva-meelne president Ahmad Kadõrov oli vene ohvitseride seas ebapopulaarne esimese Tšetšeenia sõja (1994-1996) ajal toime pandu pärast. Kadõrov uskus, et Putini pakutav autonoomiapoliitika on ainuke võimalus edasi liikumiseks

  6. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize Talk: Quantum spintronics: abandoning perfection for new technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awschalom, David D.

    2015-03-01

    There is a growing interest in exploiting the quantum properties of electronic and nuclear spins for the manipulation and storage of information in the solid state. Such schemes offer qualitatively new scientific and technological opportunities by leveraging elements of standard electronics to precisely control coherent interactions between electrons, nuclei, and electromagnetic fields. We provide an overview of the field, including a discussion of temporally- and spatially-resolved magneto-optical measurements designed for probing local moment dynamics in electrically and magnetically doped semiconductor nanostructures. These early studies provided a surprising proof-of-concept that quantum spin states can be created and controlled with high-speed optoelectronic techniques. However, as electronic structures approach the atomic scale, small amounts of disorder begin to have outsized negative effects. An intriguing solution to this conundrum is emerging from recent efforts to embrace semiconductor defects themselves as a route towards quantum machines. Individual defects in carbon-based materials possess an electronic spin state that can be employed as a solid state quantum bit at and above room temperature. Developments at the frontier of this field include gigahertz coherent control, nanofabricated spin arrays, nuclear spin quantum memories, and nanometer-scale sensing. We will describe advances towards quantum information processing driven by both physics and materials science to explore electronic, photonic, and magnetic control of spin. Work supported by the AFOSR, ARO, DARPA, NSF, and ONR.

  7. Problems of implementation the total quality management in the Lithuanian road building enterprises / Julius Christauskas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Christauskas, Julius

    2005-01-01

    Leedu tee-ehitusettevõtete juhtimine ei ole suunatud protsessi kui terviku kontrollile ja tulemuslikule meeskonnatööle, töötajad ei ole valmis võtma suuremat vastutust, puudu jääb efektiivsusest, loovusest ja innovatiivsusest. Tabelid. Graafikud

  8. [Quo vadis cardiologia? Or: An nescis, mi fili, quantilla prudentia mundus regatur? (Pope Julius III)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kübler, W

    2003-02-01

    In order to recognize and to solve problems, a look in the future is essential despite many uncertainties. Besides sound bed side-teaching, the main aim in the education of the students should be to acquire self-responsiveness and an attitude of permanent learning. It is more than doubtful whether the high expectations of health politicians will be met to limit the cost of in-patient treatment by introducing diagnosis-related groups in combination with evidence-based medicine, as this method has several severe limitations in order to fulfill this duty. The new financial system based on diagnosis-related groups will be in favor of private investors compared to the government-dependent university hospitals. The changing population pyramid implies not only higher costs but in addition severe medical problems. Within the changing society, alterations in the patient's behavior are to be expected. Several factors will contribute to make the doctor's profession less attractive. In the developing countries a rapid increase in the non-communicative diseases, i.e., in coronary heart disease, has to be expected. Apart from the prolongation of life - especially during its terminal phase - it is mainly the allocation of resources between industrialized and developing countries which will determine the ethical discussion. Germany has lost its leading position of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century in medical sciences. This was based on the liberal university system introduced by Wilhelm von Humboldt. Several pioneering innovations of German cardiologists during the 20th century have not strengthened German industry - in contrast to the situation in the 19th century. The general conditions in Germany, which are not research oriented, have prompted the majority of the pharmaceutical firms to transfer their research activities into foreign countries. In addition Germany's cardiological research has lost basic sciences partners for clinically orientated basic research, as many institutes which formerly worked in the cardiovascular field, are now devoted to other specialties. Restrictive legal regulations--such as the law regulating working hours, anti-corruption laws and the new legal university framework--are not conducive to internationally competitive research. Creative and innovative research requires liberal general conditions and cannot be planed.

  9. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize: The RG and me: love at first bite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shankar, Ramamurti

    2009-03-01

    From the time I took the first bite out of that cut-off, I have been in love with the Renormalization Group, returning to it over and over again to apply it to classical and quantum problems, in clean as well as disordered systems. This talk, aimed at non-experts, introduces and illustrates the RG ideas, with a favorite application, understanding Landau's Fermi liquid.

  10. Prezidenta Thetshni nenavideli i po etu storonu barrikadõ / Julius Stross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stross, Julius

    2004-01-01

    Moskva-meelne president Ahmad Kadõrov oli vene ohvitseride seas ebapopulaarne esimese Tšetšeenia sõja (1994-1996) ajal toime pandu pärast. Kadõrov uskus, et Putini pakutav autonoomiapoliitika on ainuke võimalus edasi liikumiseks

  11. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize Lecture: Mapping the Universe: Physics Writ Large

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geller, Margaret

    2013-03-01

    The age of mapping the universe began in earnest in the late twentieth century. I will describe the enormous strides we have made in mapping the galaxy distribution and in understanding its nature and history. I will show how techniques for measuring the (primarily dark) matter distribuion in massive systems of galaxies are an astrophysical route to tests of fundamental physics.

  12. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize: Chaotic Dynamics in the Physical Sciences: Some Comments and Examples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Edward

    2014-03-01

    Chaos was first discovered by Poincare in his famous 1887 work on the motion of N >2 bodies interacting through gravitational attraction. Although steady progress was made by mathematicians following Poincare's work, widespread impact and development of chaos in the physical sciences is only comparatively recent, i.e., approximately starting in the 1970's. This talk will review this history and give some examples illustrating the types of questions, problems and results arising from perspectives resulting from widespread participation of physical scientists.

  13. Problems of implementation the total quality management in the Lithuanian road building enterprises / Julius Christauskas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Christauskas, Julius

    2005-01-01

    Leedu tee-ehitusettevõtete juhtimine ei ole suunatud protsessi kui terviku kontrollile ja tulemuslikule meeskonnatööle, töötajad ei ole valmis võtma suuremat vastutust, puudu jääb efektiivsusest, loovusest ja innovatiivsusest. Tabelid. Graafikud

  14. Alpha List of Prime Contract Awards. Oct 91 - Sep 92. FY 92 (Branscome Julius Inc - Chriscott Supply)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    LL M Mn AULA oLALALALAWW0WfL A LAWII* n~LntLAWOLAUmLAiflLALA LAWWLA WIALAWLALA it I (0-4ŕ ifI -4-1-4 _q4 -1 -f -4 -1- -4 -4 -4 .- f ’ -4 ’ -4 -.4. -4...cc M tic o 0 C113 ɛ -4 11 Z)0000anionoon => u C) 0 U u (-) C) 0 :D (-) D C) D C) (.) = 0 D a : uj I m C, -- 4 It m 0 o v Cp 0 o 0 Cý 0 C> o 00 cr) 0...Z -4O0 C -- 0 MC C O C 4 0 C 00 OC- ccN wm0’)- a0CC- C0 2 2 C- "c) CD(I.- 2 O) CC 0) C 030N 14zCC .20 <>Z 0z 02 tic CX 0.1 z 2 2 00 0 Wcoc CC E C

  15. Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize Talk: The Fermi Pasta Ulam (FPU) Problem and The Birth of Nonlinear Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, David K.

    2010-03-01

    In 1953, Enrico Fermi, John Pasta, and Stan Ulam initiated a series of computer studies aimed at exploring how simple, multi-degree of freedom nonlinear mechanical systems obeying reversible deterministic dynamics evolve in time to an equilibrium state describable by statistical mechanics. Their expectation was that this would occur by mixing behavior among the many linear modes. Their intention was then to study more complex nonlinear systems, with the hope of modeling turbulence computationally. The results of this first study of the so-called Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) problem, which were published in 1955 and characterized by Fermi as a ``little discovery,'' showed instead of the expected mixing of linear modes a striking series of (near) recurrences of the initial state and no evidence of equipartition. This work heralded the beginning of both computational physics and (modern) nonlinear science. In particular, the work marked the first systematic study of a nonlinear system by digital computers (``experimental mathematics'') and led directly to the discovery of ``solitons,'' as well as to deep insights into deterministic chaos and statistical mechanics. In this talk, I will review the original FPU studies and show how they led to the understanding of two key paradigms of nonlinear science. Specifically, I will show how a continuum approximation to the original discrete system led to the discovery of ``solitions'' whereas a low-mode approximation led to an early example of ``deterministic chaos.'' I will close with a brief indication of how the recurrence phenomenon observed by behavior by FPU can be reconciled with mixing, equipartition, and statistical mechanics.

  16. Julius J. Bautista (2010. Figuring Catholicism: An ethnohistory of the Santo Niño de Cebu. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeoh Seng Guan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Let me begin with a confession—I am a novice to Philippines Studies.However, long before stepping foot in the Philippines (in 2006, I have beenintrigued by the seemingly pervasive presence of Roman Catholicism in party politics, popular culture and the everyday religiosity of Philippine society as gleaned through my sporadic forays into Filipino scholarly literature (and movies from afar.

  17. [Introduction and transformation of the psychiatric term "anancasm". From Gyula (Julius) Donáth via Kurt Schneider to ICD-10].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, H

    2014-09-01

    The conceptual history of "anancasm" in psychiatry remains almost unexplored and this article will help to remove this deficit. It was the Budapest-based neuropsychiatrist Gyula Donáth (1849-1944) who first proposed this Greek-rooted term in 1897 as an international term for compulsive symptoms and as an independent mental illness similar to present-day obsessive compulsive disorders (ICD-10). By suggesting this term Donáth wanted to extend the concept of compulsion as proposed by his teacher Carl Westphal to other compulsive phenomena, psychomotor impulses and restrictions including echolalia, coprolalia, echokinesis, echopraxia, contemporary maladie des tics (present day Tourette's syndrome) and even intermittent dipsomania (craving for alcohol), paraphilias, sexual fetishes and homosexuality. In 1923 Kurt Schneider used this term for a subgroup of psychopathic personalities, the so-called insecure anancastic psychopaths. His concept was much different to that suggested by Donáth, with the only thing in common being the compulsory component. Schneider's anancasts suffered from feelings of insecurity and insufficiency and were forced to try to overcompensate by being excessively careful, meticulous and hyper-correct. Based on Schneider's concept anancasm has survived as a name for a subdivision of compulsive personality disorders in ICD-10; however, these rather complex personality defects were not what Donáth had in mind when he first suggested the term anancasm. The paper discusses further discrepancies between Donáth, Schneider and ICD-10.

  18. Collide@CERN: sharing inspiration

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Late last year, Julius von Bismarck was appointed to be CERN's first "artist in residence" after winning the Collide@CERN Digital Arts award. He’ll be spending two months at CERN starting this March but, to get a flavour of what’s in store, he visited the Organization last week for a crash course in its inspiring activities.   Julius von Bismarck, taking a closer look... When we arrive to interview German artist Julius von Bismarck, he’s being given a presentation about antiprotons’ ability to kill cancer cells. The whiteboard in the room contains graphs and equations that might easily send a non-scientist running, yet as Julius puts it, “if I weren’t interested, I’d be asleep”. Given his numerous questions, he must have been fascinated. “This ‘introduction’ week has been exhilarating,” says Julius. “I’ve been able to interact ...

  19. Noncommutative QFT and renormalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosse, H.; Wulkenhaar, R.

    2006-03-01

    It was a great pleasure for me (Harald Grosse) to be invited to talk at the meeting celebrating the 70th birthday of Prof. Julius Wess. I remember various interactions with Julius during the last years: At the time of my studies at Vienna with Walter Thirring, Julius left already Vienna, I learned from his work on effective chiral Lagrangians. Next we met at various conferences and places like CERN (were I worked with Andre Martin, an old friend of Julius), and we all learned from Julius' and Bruno's creation of supersymmetry, next we realized our common interests in noncommutative quantum field theory and did have an intensive exchange. Julius influenced our perturbative approach to gauge field theories were we used the Seiberg-Witten map after his advice. And finally I lively remember the sad days when during my invitation to Vienna Julius did have the serious heart attack. So we are very happy, that you recovered so well, and we wish you all the best for the forthcoming years. Many happy recurrences.

  20. Noncommutative QFT and renormalization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grosse, H. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Wien, Boltzmanngasse 5, 1090 Wien (Austria); Wulkenhaar, R. [Mathematisches Institut der Westfaelischen Wilhelms-Universitaet, Einsteinstrasse 62, 48149 Muenster (Germany)

    2006-03-01

    It was a great pleasure for me (Harald Grosse) to be invited to talk at the meeting celebrating the 70th birthday of Prof. Julius Wess. I remember various interactions with Julius during the last years: At the time of my studies at Vienna with Walter Thirring, Julius left already Vienna, I learned from his work on effective chiral Lagrangians. Next we met at various conferences and places like CERN (were I worked with Andre Martin, an old friend of Julius), and we all learned from Julius' and Bruno's creation of supersymmetry, next we realized our common interests in noncommutative quantum field theory and did have an intensive exchange. Julius influenced our perturbative approach to gauge field theories were we used the Seiberg-Witten map after his advice. And finally I lively remember the sad days when during my invitation to Vienna Julius did have the serious heart attack. So we are very happy, that you recovered so well, and we wish you all the best for the forthcoming years. Many happy recurrences. (Abstract Copyright [2006], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  1. El “Liber Pontificalis de Agnello de Rávena”(s. IX), la génesis del valor histórico y de la didáctica de los “monumentos” en la “Literatura artística de Julius von Schlosser.

    OpenAIRE

    Arjones Fernández, A.

    2005-01-01

    La Nueva Historia del Arte, la Escuela de Viena, supone una renovación para la didáctica de la Historia del Arte en la medida en que reconoce "otras" utilidades al patrimonio cultural, entonces denominado "monumento". El Liber Pontificalis de Agnello fue considerado una fuente documental, la Nueva Historia del Arte concedió a este documento la condición de fuente documental para la Historia del Arte. Este trabajo se expuso en el Simposio de los códices medievales a los libros de artista: c...

  2. El “Liber Pontificalis de Agnello de Rávena”(s. IX), la génesis del valor histórico y de la didáctica de los “monumentos” en la “Literatura artística de Julius von Schlosser.

    OpenAIRE

    Arjones Fernández, A.

    2005-01-01

    La Nueva Historia del Arte, la Escuela de Viena, supone una renovación para la didáctica de la Historia del Arte en la medida en que reconoce "otras" utilidades al patrimonio cultural, entonces denominado "monumento". El Liber Pontificalis de Agnello fue considerado una fuente documental, la Nueva Historia del Arte concedió a este documento la condición de fuente documental para la Historia del Arte. Este trabajo se expuso en el Simposio de los códices medievales a los libros de artista: c...

  3. ‘A dialogue about the art of portraiture’ Originally published as ‘Gespräch von der Bildniskunst’, Österreichische Rundschau, Volume 6, 1906, 502—516, and republished: Julius Schlosser, Präludien Vorträge und Aufsätze, Berlin: Bard 1927, 227—247. Translated with an introduction by Karl Johns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius Schlosser

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In an unusually popular and readable dialogue form, Schlosser alludes to the classical education he takes for granted in any reader approaching his favourite ‘thorny’ questions from aesthetics and history. These involve the problems of naturalism, impressionism, portrait likeness, psychology of perception and numerous others being bandied around academic circles at the turn of the century. It is of further interest in directly referring critically to his recently deceased friend (Alois Riegl, and being written just at a moment in his career when Schlosser had been casting around the ideas of Ernst Brücke, Konrad Lange, even Henri Bergson, but had discovered the recent contribution of Benedetto Croce, which would colour his approach with an increasing intensity for the remainder of his life. He became what might be seen as the archetypical art historical theorist, but continues to distinguish himself from his successors by his greater consistency.

  4. Pierre Swiggers, Les Conceptions linguistiques des Encyclopédistes, Etude sur Ia constitution d'une théorie de Ia grammaire au siècle des Lumières, Sammlung Groos 21, Julius Groos Verlag-Heidelberg- Leuven University Press, Heidelberg 1984, 165 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Le petit livre dont nous présentons ici lecompte rendu est I'oeuvre du jeune savant Pierre Swiggers, chercheur qualifié au Fonds national beige de la recherche scientifique, linguiste et philologue qui nous a donné dejà une serie d'études, sur le siècle des Lumières (L'Encyclopédie et la linguistique au XVI/le siècle, «Linguisti­ cae Investigationes» 311979; La grammaire dans /'Encyclopédie: Etat actuel des étu­ des, «Beiträge zur romanischen Philologie» 20/1981; La théorie syntaxique dans  /'Encyclopédie, «Lingua e stile» 18/1983 etc., sur l'historiographie linguistique (tout récemment: L'article en français: l'histoire d'un problème grammatical, «Re­ vue de Linguistique Romane» 49/1985, sur la linguistique du XVIIe et du XVIIIe siècle en général, etc. L'Auteur est done bien un spécialiste qualifié pour offrir au public linguistique une synthèse de ses recherches sur les théories grammaticales dans l'Encyclopédie.

  5. Dios, Patria y Rey José de la Riva-Agüero y Javier Prado (1904-1905

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Samuel Rivera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo es una presentación de una de las obras más emblemáticas del pensamiento político peruano de inicios del siglo XX: Carácter de la literatura del Perú independiente (1905, la primera obra de José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma (1885-1944. La historiografía ha considerado este texto como una obra de historia de la literatura; también como un trabajo "liberal". Carácter de la literatura sería en realidad una obra de filosofía social positivista. Pero sería además una versión peruana del positivismo monarquista royaliste. Riva-Agüero habría tenido un referente oculto: el libro de filosofía social positivista de Javier Prado, Estado social del Perú durante la dominación española (1894, que habría puesto de cabeza. Tres temas básicos eran el eje de una oculta polémica político-conceptual: la religión, la monarquía y la tradición. Una oculta teoría de psicología colectiva le serviría de sustento: los peruanos tendrían un carácter pragmatista y un sentimiento social empático con el pasado, más apropiado para reivindicar la tradición que para condenarla. La Guerra del Pacífico y un baile social de la aristocracia de la Lima de 1904 serán el escenario de la controversia.

  6. Caesar : iiri hiiglane / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2006-01-01

    Iiri päritolu näitleja Ciaran Hinds, kes kehastab ajaloolises teleseriaalis "Rooma" (tootjad Ameerika HBO, inglaste BBC ja itaallaste RAI) Gaius Julius Caesarit. Sama ka : Teleleht nr. 49, lk. 14 : ill

  7. Tavaline roomlane / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2007-01-01

    Iiri päritolu näitleja Ray Richardson, kes kehastab ajaloolises teleseriaalis "Rooma" (tootjad Ameerika HBO, inglaste BBC ja itaallaste RAI) Gaius Julius Caesari sõdurit Titus Pullot. Sama : Teleleht nr. 1, lk. 14 : ill

  8. South Africa: ANC Youth League President found guilty of hate speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Kelly

    2010-06-01

    On 15 March 2010, the Johannesburg Equality Court found African National Congress (ANC) Youth League President Julius Malema guilty of hate speech and harassment for his comments regarding rape survivors.

  9. A Symposium on Pre-1900 Classics Worth Using in School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English Journal, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Various contributors recommend "The Odyssey,""Julius Caesar,""A Dog's Tale,""Ivanhoe,""Star Wars,""The Red Badge of Courage,""Demian,""Antigone,""Children of Crisis," and "Frankenstein" for use in literature classes and justify their recommendations. (JL)

  10. Stability and the Union in Tanzania

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dence in December 1961 under the leadership of Mwalimu Julius Nyerere. The transition ..... declared the CCM presidential candidate, Salmin Armour, as duly elected ..... The issue of the electoral politics and conflict management in Tanzania,.

  11. "Casablancal" on aegade parim stsenaarium

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ameerika stsenaristide gild (Writers' Guild of America) valis kõikide aegade parimaks filmistsenaariumiks "Casablanca" : stsenaristid Julius ja Philip Epstein, Howard Koch : režissöör Michael Curtiz : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1942

  12. 78 FR 67386 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Indian Community Development Block Grant Program Fiscal Year 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    .... Muscogee (Creek) Nation, George Tiger, 800,000 PF Food distributiong Grocery Principal Chief, P.O. Box 580...-722-4656. creation of 2 permanent jobs. Village of Venetie, Julius Roberts, First 600,000 HC...

  13. variant termination of the common carotid artery: cases of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-12-10

    Dec 10, 2014 ... Julius Ogeng'o, Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi PO Box 30197 00100 Nairobi. .... Vagus nerve is also shown. .... Mr. Jacob Gimongo and Charles Nzioka for ... Neuroimaging Clin N Am 6: 789 – 799. 12.

  14. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis in HIV-infected patients: report of 2 cases. Julius Chacha ... affected adults are women, and direct causes or predisposing risk factors can be .... Some studies have reported a high prevalence of antibodies.

  15. Tavaline roomlane / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2007-01-01

    Iiri päritolu näitleja Ray Richardson, kes kehastab ajaloolises teleseriaalis "Rooma" (tootjad Ameerika HBO, inglaste BBC ja itaallaste RAI) Gaius Julius Caesari sõdurit Titus Pullot. Sama : Teleleht nr. 1, lk. 14 : ill

  16. Caesar : iiri hiiglane / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2006-01-01

    Iiri päritolu näitleja Ciaran Hinds, kes kehastab ajaloolises teleseriaalis "Rooma" (tootjad Ameerika HBO, inglaste BBC ja itaallaste RAI) Gaius Julius Caesarit. Sama ka : Teleleht nr. 49, lk. 14 : ill

  17. "Casablancal" on aegade parim stsenaarium

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ameerika stsenaristide gild (Writers' Guild of America) valis kõikide aegade parimaks filmistsenaariumiks "Casablanca" : stsenaristid Julius ja Philip Epstein, Howard Koch : režissöör Michael Curtiz : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1942

  18. Kõpu mõisas taastatakse Cicero maja seinamaalingute koopiaid / Eda Post

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Post, Eda, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Viljandimaa Kõpu mõisakooli söögisaali seinamaalingute restaureerimisest. Perekond von Strykile kuulunud mõisa peahoone valmis 1847. a. arhitekt Emil Julius Straussi projekti järgi. Restaureerimistöid teostab OÜ Vana Tallinn

  19. Kirjad üle mere / Aksel Mark

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mark, Aksel, 1913-2014

    2001-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Kirjad üle mere : Mart Lepiku kirjavahetus Julius Mägiste, Karl Ristikivi ja Bernard Kangroga / Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum; koostanud ja kommenteerinud Sirje Olesk. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum, 2000. 160 lk. (Litteraria; 19)

  20. Baltluse sarm / Peeter Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künstler, Peeter, 1958-2009

    1999-01-01

    Arvustus: Bergengruen, Werner. Surm Tallinnas / saksa keelest tõlkinud Rein Sepp, Mati Sirkel. Tallinn : Varrak, 1999. Schultz-Bertram, Georg Julius. Tartu tudengid viiskümmend aastat tagasi / saksa keelest Viktor Sepp. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1999. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 17)

  1. No Time for Love: Plutarch’s Chaste Caesar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Beneker

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Plutarch’s biography of Julius Caesar, compared with other accounts, deliberately plays down sexuality as a motive in Caesar's life, in order to stress his single-minded political ambition.

  2. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  3. A Symposium on Pre-1900 Classics Worth Using in School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English Journal, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Various contributors recommend "The Odyssey,""Julius Caesar,""A Dog's Tale,""Ivanhoe,""Star Wars,""The Red Badge of Courage,""Demian,""Antigone,""Children of Crisis," and "Frankenstein" for use in literature classes and justify their recommendations. (JL)

  4. Ja mul oli veel nii palju öelda! / Marju Kõivupuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõivupuu, Marju, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Ka järgmistest raamatutest: Schultz-Bertram, Georg Julius. Balti idealisti kirjad emale / tlk. Ilmar Vene. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2003 ; Dr. Bertram. Tartu tudengid viiskümmend aastat tagasi / saksa keelest Viktor Sepp. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1999. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 17) ; Pärnik, Ylo M. Dr Georg Julius von Schultz-Bertram. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Dr. Bertram. Kolm Tartu balli / tlk. Viktor Sepp. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1990. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 26)

  5. Ja mul oli veel nii palju öelda! / Marju Kõivupuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõivupuu, Marju, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Ka järgmistest raamatutest: Schultz-Bertram, Georg Julius. Balti idealisti kirjad emale / tlk. Ilmar Vene. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2003 ; Dr. Bertram. Tartu tudengid viiskümmend aastat tagasi / saksa keelest Viktor Sepp. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1999. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 17) ; Pärnik, Ylo M. Dr Georg Julius von Schultz-Bertram. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Dr. Bertram. Kolm Tartu balli / tlk. Viktor Sepp. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1990. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 26)

  6. Fanon's Children: The Black Panther Party and the Rise of the Crips and Bloods in Los Angeles

    OpenAIRE

    Barganier, George

    2011-01-01

    Black nationalists of the Black Power era often viewed Black criminality as an essential component to Black political consciousness. "There have been those black Americans who have resisted white America," activist Julius Lester argued. "These were the field niggers during slavery, Nat Turner, the Black abolitionists, Garvey, and in our own time, Malcolm, the hustler on the corner and the high-school dropout." Scholars have amply demonstrated the ideological logic of Julius Lester's thinki...

  7. Keeping the Dogs in the Fight: What Combatant Commanders Need to Know about MWDs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    slip the dogs of war…” 1 - William Shakespeare INTRODUCTION The need to further examine additional capabilities of Military Working Dogs...1 William Shakespeare . “Julius Caesar,” The Literature Network. Last modified 2012, http://www.online...literature.com/ shakespeare /julius_caesar/9/. 2 Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Conference on Research to Expand the Usefulness of the Military

  8. Schlosser and Montaigne in the Festschrift for Franz Wickhoff’: Julius Schlosser, ‘Glosses on a passage in Montaigne’, Originally published as: ‘Randglossen zu einer Stelle Montaignes’, Beiträge zur Kunstgeschichte, Franz Wickhoff gewidmet von einem Kreise von Freunden und Schülern, Vienna: Schroll, 1903, 172-182 and reprinted in Schlosser, Präludien Vorträge und Aufsätze, Berlin: Bard, 1927, 213-226.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Johns

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Earlier theories about the origins of decoration supposed that forms such as the widespread zig-zag motif in ornamental art originated as a ‘naturalistic’ imitation of lightning in the sky or the movements of snakes along the surface of the earth. Evidence exists that actual naturalistic imitation as we know it only became conscious far later and that art originally and more fundamentally expressed feelings or impressions based on such figments as what had been called ‘memory images.’

  9. East Meets West: Rome. Grade 6 Model Lesson for Unit V. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    This unit for sixth-grade students provides a fuller understanding of Julius Caesar's significance. Before students delve into the sample topic, they need an understanding of Roman values, lore, republican ideals, and structure of early Roman history. The first few activities in this lesson are to be taught prior to beginning the actual study of…

  10. The Rosenberg Trial: Uncovering the Layers of History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragsdale, Bruce A.

    2013-01-01

    The trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg on charges of conspiring to spy for the Soviet Union remains one of the defining moments of the Cold War era. The dramatic allegations of stolen atomic secrets and networks of Communist spies riveted the public's attention. The determination of government prosecutors reflected a widely shared belief that the…

  11. Vermilion Harbor, Ohio. Detailed Project Report on Section 111, Shore Erosion Study. Stage 3 Documentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    Jean Lee Helen Bell Arline P. Ford Anne R. Turner Frank J. Lee Martha H. Keith Ronald Guy Hetche Ruth E. Partington Nancy Rothlmn Mark Magnotto Thomas...trs. G. R. Thompson Ruth E. Peterka Herbert Woods Julius A. Moes George W. Grossman F. F. Peterka Jane Hetche IOf 4 dL DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY BUFFALO

  12. Eesti tööõpetuse alustalad / Endel Rihvk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rihvk, Endel

    2005-01-01

    Lühiülevaade Eesti tööõpetuse õpetamisest ja suurkujudest: Eugen Bachblum, Villu Bauman, Agu Jaanson, August Kõrbe, Endel Land, Elmar Meiorg, Sergei Menshikov, Arseni Mölder, Geenart Nagel, Hans Niit, Arseni Reinumäe, Hugo Saaremets, Oleg Tefanov, Lembit Toome, Enno Toost, Julius Ungru, Priidu Valk, Ravo Vasari, Uno Vellomäe

  13. The Monk's Tale: Nero's Nets and Caesar's Father -- An Inquiry into the Transformations of Classical Roman History in Medieval Tradition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Martha S.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the lack of consistent accuracy about historical figures in Chaucer's "Monk's Tale." The story of Nero fishing in the Tiber with golden nets is corroborated by many other ancient and medieval authors; however, the reference to Julius Caesar as being of lowly birth is peculiar only to Chaucer and a few medieval English authors.…

  14. South Africa: ANC Youth League President issues apology following conviction for hate speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Shalini

    2011-10-01

    In June 2011, fifteen months after he had been found guilty of hate speech and discrimination, African National Congress (ANC)Youth President Julius issued a formal apology and agreed to pay a R50,000 (CAN$7,120) fine that was part of the conviction.

  15. The CSIR contribution to the Revision of the SA Road Pavement Design Method (SAPDM)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Maina, J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ? Connell Mr Robert Leyland Ms Amrita Maharaj Mr Willy Diederiks Mr Colin Fisher Mr Julius Komba Mr Tso Nkgapele Mr Zweli Mthembu Ms Ellen Laubscher Ms Rianie Castelyn Mr Dave Ventura Mr Georges Mturi Ms Kele Makamu Ms Keneilwe Mogonedi Ms...

  16. Ühe Eduard Wiiraltiga seotud eksituse jälil / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2008-01-01

    Eduard Wiiralti 1930. aastal tehtud eksliibrisest, mille Julius Genss omistas väljaandes "Kunsti album II" (1935) ekslikult Samuel Nellinile. Tegelik omanik on metallikunstnik Samuel Yellin (1885-1940), mille tegi kindlaks Mai Levin ("Eduard Wiiralt", 1998). Lühiülevaade Samuel Yellini elust ja tegevusest

  17. "Die Young 2" - tegelikult mitte eriti õppefilm / Maris Meiessaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiessaar, Maris

    2007-01-01

    Tervise Arengu Instituudi algatusel valminud õppefilm HIV-viiruse ohtudest ja aidsist "Sure noorelt" : stsenarist Asko Künnap : Chalice'i, Sten Sheripovi ja Röövel Ööbiku muusika : osades Nele Kirsipuu, Julius Seljamaa : Eesti 2007

  18. Evaluation and Repair of Concrete Slabs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Orville R. Werner Paul H. Karr ’ Robert E3. Philkeo Zenon A. Zielinski Lawrence 1. Knab Mtlos Poltvka Corresponding members Alfred G. Btshara J. P. Lloyd...Robert L. Yuan’ Consulting members Julius G. Potyondy Ernest K. Schrader Raymond J. Schutz ’* iortat auihor ( ot inhut ink ithor. F-orme’r commiittece

  19. Silmapaistvaid metsateadlasi Tallinnas 20. sajandi esimesel poolel / Malev Margus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Margus, Malev, 1923-2014

    1996-01-01

    Julius Kitsing; Jaan Hellat; Aleksander Pals; Arnold Merihein; Voldemar Mathiesen; Bernhard Tuskvere; Kaljo Sotter; Vassili Mutt, Jaan Luik; Aleksander Raukas; Valdur Küng; Nikolai Küttis; Viktor Obet; Jakob Visnapuu; Karl Keerdoja; Edgar Vester. Lühiandmeid. Kokkuv. ingl. k.

  20. Culture Wars in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania

    2016-01-01

    In the 1960s high and low culture were brought into sharp conflict i Denmark. In 1961 a Ministry of Culture was established for the first time. The first minister of culture, the social democrat Julius Bomholt, saw art and culture as an important part of education for democracy that should be made...

  1. Command History for 1991 (Naval Personnel Research and Development Center)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    Awards 35 Years Ben Garcia Gene Stout 30 Years Jim Julius Ramona Mouzon Hal Rosen 32 25 Years Jim Chadbourne Bob Harris Dorothy Martin Jan Reynolds 20...Years Craig Borland* Mike Flaningam 15 Years Mark Chipman Carmen Fendelman Murray Rowe 10 Years James Apple Jessie Grier Ana Guerrero* Loralee Hartmann

  2. Liquid crystal colloids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This special issue of "Condensed Matter Physics" focuses on the most recent developments in the study of a fascinating soft matter system, representing colloidal particles in a liquid crystalline environment. Furthermore, some articles address pioneering steps in the discovery of liquid crystals going back to 1861 paper by Julius Planer.

  3. Peterburi Jaani kirik = St. John's church in St. Petersburg, Russia / Juta Lember ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Juta, 1943-

    2012-01-01

    Lühidalt Dekabristide t. 54A asuva Peterburi Jaani kiriku ajaloost (arhitektid Karl Ziegler, Harald Julius von Bosse, 1860), kiriku uuest interjöörist. Kiriku sisearhitekt Juta Lember pälvis Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2011. aasta aastapreemia vaimselt ja arhitektuurselt nõudliku ruumitüübi meisterliku ja tänapäevase käsitluse eest

  4. Elegijas Baltijas veju pavadijuma / Guntars Godinsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Godiņš, Guntars, 1958-

    2002-01-01

    Detsembris 2001 Läti Suursaatkonnas toimunud kirjandusõhtust, kus esitleti Ivar Ivaski neljakeelset luuleraamatut: Ivask, Ivar. Baltijas elegijas = The Baltic elegies = Balti eleegiad = Baltiskos elegijos / tõlkijad: Valters Nollendorfs, Paul-Eerik Rummo, Julius Keleras. Riga : Petergailis, 2001

  5. Shakespeare among Schoolchildren: Approaches for the Secondary Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rygiel, Mary Ann

    Making connections for teachers between Shakespeare and his historical context on the one hand and secondary students on the other, this book presents background information, commentary, resources, and classroom ideas to enliven students' encounters with Shakespeare. The book concentrates on "Romeo and Juliet,""Julius Caesar,""Macbeth," and…

  6. Eesti tööõpetuse alustalad / Endel Rihvk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rihvk, Endel

    2005-01-01

    Lühiülevaade Eesti tööõpetuse õpetamisest ja suurkujudest: Eugen Bachblum, Villu Bauman, Agu Jaanson, August Kõrbe, Endel Land, Elmar Meiorg, Sergei Menshikov, Arseni Mölder, Geenart Nagel, Hans Niit, Arseni Reinumäe, Hugo Saaremets, Oleg Tefanov, Lembit Toome, Enno Toost, Julius Ungru, Priidu Valk, Ravo Vasari, Uno Vellomäe

  7. Rehabilitation of Platanista gangetica (Lebeck, 1801) as the valid scientific name of the Ganges dolphin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kinze, C.C.

    2000-01-01

    The Dutch scientist Heinrich Julius Lebeck’s description of the Ganges dolphin is, based on a deduced latest date of publication 24 August 1801, given priority over William Roxburgh’s account of the same species, for which no precise date could be established. Although very similar to the work of

  8. Ühe Eduard Wiiraltiga seotud eksituse jälil / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2008-01-01

    Eduard Wiiralti 1930. aastal tehtud eksliibrisest, mille Julius Genss omistas väljaandes "Kunsti album II" (1935) ekslikult Samuel Nellinile. Tegelik omanik on metallikunstnik Samuel Yellin (1885-1940), mille tegi kindlaks Mai Levin ("Eduard Wiiralt", 1998). Lühiülevaade Samuel Yellini elust ja tegevusest

  9. Reframing Alice's Restaurant: Reflections on Globalisation, Adult Education, and Transformative Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etmanski, Catherine

    2005-01-01

    In the mid-1960s, the foundations of Participatory Research were being laid in Tanzania and around the world through the work of muckraking adult educators--President Julius Nyerere, Marja-Liisa Swantz, Orlando Fals Borda, Rajesh Tandon, Budd Hall and many more of their friends and colleagues. At the same time, a bunch of American kids were over…

  10. Veel Dora Gordine'ist / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2006-01-01

    Skulptor Dora Gordine'ist (Gordin, Gordina), tema kohta leiduvast infost (Julius Genss, Leo Gens, Ervin Pütsep, K. G. Sauri "The Artists of the World", H. Vollmeri "Allgemaines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler"), esinemisest näitustel Eestis. Vt. ka: Kivimäe, Juta. Dora Gordini teekond suurde kunsti algas Tallinnast // Sirp, 2006, 25. august, lk. 10

  11. East Meets West: Rome. Grade 6 Model Lesson for Unit V. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

    This unit for sixth-grade students provides a fuller understanding of Julius Caesar's significance. Before students delve into the sample topic, they need an understanding of Roman values, lore, republican ideals, and structure of early Roman history. The first few activities in this lesson are to be taught prior to beginning the actual study of…

  12. Willingness to Communicate and Action Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacIntyre, Peter D.; Doucette, Jesslyn

    2010-01-01

    Being willing to communicate is part of becoming fluent in a second language, which often is the ultimate goal of L2 learners. Julius Kuhl's theory of action control is introduced as an expansion of the conceptual framework for the study of Willingness to Communicate. Kuhl proposed three key concepts, preoccupation, volatility, and hesitation,…

  13. Pilkupüüdev seltsidaam / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2006-01-01

    Shoti päritolu näitlejanna Lindsay Duncan, kes kehastab ajaloolises teleseriaalis "Rooma" (tootjad Ameerika HBO, inglaste BBC ja itaallaste RAI) Gaius Julius Caesari kättemaksuhimulist armukest Serviliat. Sama ka : Teleleht nr. 50, lk.38 : ill

  14. 16. oktoobril 2005 Kõik valima! : [luuletused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: Inna Feldbach. "Tegin vahtralehdedele põletusmatust..." ; Katrin Väli. Ülesanne: vrais ou faut ; Karl Martin Sinijärv. Monkey Doodle ehk Kommarid? Kahju... ; Andra Teede. Suurte siniste silmade maa ; Tiina Saar. Valijale ; Kohutav keskerakohuke / tundmatu netifolklorist ; Julius Ürt. Etteütlus

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joann Kovacich

    2013-09-01

    Osage, Patricia and McCall, Mary. Connecting with Socially Isolated Seniors: A Service Provider’s Guide Diane L. Brown Lynch, Caitrin. My Name is Julius: a film about growing old, staying young, and confronting a lifetime of hearing loss Lynch, Caitrin. Retirement on the Line : Age, Work, and Value in an American Factory Anne Velardi

  16. Peterburi Jaani kirik = St. John's church in St. Petersburg, Russia / Juta Lember ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Juta, 1943-

    2012-01-01

    Lühidalt Dekabristide t. 54A asuva Peterburi Jaani kiriku ajaloost (arhitektid Karl Ziegler, Harald Julius von Bosse, 1860), kiriku uuest interjöörist. Kiriku sisearhitekt Juta Lember pälvis Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2011. aasta aastapreemia vaimselt ja arhitektuurselt nõudliku ruumitüübi meisterliku ja tänapäevase käsitluse eest

  17. Shakespeare: Kabuki-Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turse, Paul Leonard, Jr.

    This study examines the theatrical and thematic aspects of Kabuki and provides recommendations for using these aspects in the production of plays by Shakespeare. Sequences from "Hamlet,""Macbeth," and "Julius Caesar" were chosen because they are adaptable to Kabuki design. In order to help a director view these plays…

  18. African Philosophy of Education: Analysis of the Neglected Ideals of Nyerere's Ujamaa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhungulu, Maira Justine; Kimathi, Vengi Ambrose; K'Odhiambo, Atieno Kili

    2017-01-01

    The ideals of education in Ujamaa philosophy as enunciated by Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the founding president of Tanzania, are neglected phenomena in African education. In about fifty decades of offering education in Africa, from the end of colonialism to the present, education has not enabled Africans to be self-reliant and to live peacefully as…

  19. KGB, Stasi ja Eesti luureajalugu / Ivo Juurvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurvee, Ivo, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Väidetest Saksa luure koostöö kohta Balti riikidega 1930ndatel aastatel. Nende väidete algallikatest ja paikapidavusest. Nimetatud väidete teaduskäibesse toojast Leonid Barkovist ja Barkovi väidete levitajatest ajalookirjanduses Edgar Siegfried Meosest ning Julius Maderist. Paljukorratud väidete usaldusväärseiks pidamise ohust

  20. Kaunid koorikud / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2005-01-01

    Puidust sõrestikkoorikute ehitamisest Euroopas. Sõrestikkoorikust Mannheimis (Frei Otto, 1975). Weald and Downland'i vabaõhumuuseumi uuest abihoonest (Edward Cullinan Architects, 2002) Suurbritannias. EXPO paviljonist Hannoveris (Herzog [Thomas Herzog] & Partnerid, insener Julius Natterer, 2000). 5 värv. ill

  1. On the Scope of Justice: In Defence of the Political Conception

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Midtgaard, Søren Flinch

    2012-01-01

    The paper defends the so-called political conception of the scope of justice proposed by Thomas Nagel. The argument has three stages: (a) I argue that A. J. Julius’ infl uential criticism of the political conception can be answered. Pace Julius, actual and (relevant) hypothetical cases of state...

  2. Kaunid koorikud / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2005-01-01

    Puidust sõrestikkoorikute ehitamisest Euroopas. Sõrestikkoorikust Mannheimis (Frei Otto, 1975). Weald and Downland'i vabaõhumuuseumi uuest abihoonest (Edward Cullinan Architects, 2002) Suurbritannias. EXPO paviljonist Hannoveris (Herzog [Thomas Herzog] & Partnerid, insener Julius Natterer, 2000). 5 värv. ill

  3. Tee Toompealt Pääskülani ja Tallinna saras / Tõnu Raid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raid, Tõnu, 1939-

    2009-01-01

    Keskaegses Tallinnas puudus maamõõtja. Esimese säilinud Tallinna linnaplaani valmistas 1680. aastal Tallinna gümnaasiumi professor Heinrich Julius Woltemate. 1807. aastal loodi linna maamõõtja koht. Kõrgepea nuki asukohast. Pärnu maanteest esimestel kaartidel. Pärnu maantee üleviimisest. Muinasaja teest Pääskülast Tallinna.

  4. Educators Weigh E-Textbook Cost Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomassini, Jason

    2012-01-01

    During the first-ever Digital Learning Day, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and Federal Communications Commission chief Julius Genachowski unveiled an ambitious plan earlier this year to get schools to switch from print to digital textbooks by 2017. Dubbed the Digital Textbook Playbook, it's a recommendation for how schools could transform…

  5. Rehabilitation of Platanista gangetica (Lebeck, 1801) as the valid scientific name of the Ganges dolphin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kinze, C.C.

    2000-01-01

    The Dutch scientist Heinrich Julius Lebeck’s description of the Ganges dolphin is, based on a deduced latest date of publication 24 August 1801, given priority over William Roxburgh’s account of the same species, for which no precise date could be established. Although very similar to the work of Ro

  6. Veel Dora Gordine'ist / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2006-01-01

    Skulptor Dora Gordine'ist (Gordin, Gordina), tema kohta leiduvast infost (Julius Genss, Leo Gens, Ervin Pütsep, K. G. Sauri "The Artists of the World", H. Vollmeri "Allgemaines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler"), esinemisest näitustel Eestis. Vt. ka: Kivimäe, Juta. Dora Gordini teekond suurde kunsti algas Tallinnast // Sirp, 2006, 25. august, lk. 10

  7. A survey of Attacks on VoIP networks and Countermeasures

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. OLIVER OSUAGWA

    2015-06-01

    Jun 1, 2015 ... Julius N. Obidinnu 1 and Ayei E. Ibor ... convergence of the voice and data networks pose a plethora of threats to ... insight into the unpredictable nature of ..... "Security analysis and countermeasures assessment against spit ... Artificial Intelligence, Management Science and Electronic Commerce (AIMSEC),.

  8. Pilkupüüdev seltsidaam / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2006-01-01

    Shoti päritolu näitlejanna Lindsay Duncan, kes kehastab ajaloolises teleseriaalis "Rooma" (tootjad Ameerika HBO, inglaste BBC ja itaallaste RAI) Gaius Julius Caesari kättemaksuhimulist armukest Serviliat. Sama ka : Teleleht nr. 50, lk.38 : ill

  9. De helm van BEKON : legionair onder Caesar?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hupperetz, W.

    2015-01-01

    The inscription in Iberian script and the name indicate that legionary Bekon was from one of the Spanish provinces. We know that Julius Caesar as governor of Hispania Ulterior (Southern Spain) put together a legion in this Spanish province (the tenth) in 61 BC. That was one of the legions that he

  10. Danmarksruder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wamberg, Jacob

    2005-01-01

    at udtale entydige offentlige budskaber (Ortega y Gasset, Clement Greenberg) blev i efterkrigstiden brugt som frihedsemblem, en tendens, der også spores i Rudes landskaber, der af den socialdemokratiske undervis­nings­minister Julius Bomholt og Ny Carlsbergfondets direkte Viggo Thorlacius- Ussing blev...

  11. Shakespeare on Film in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullin, Michael

    A course at the University of Illinois entitled "Shakespeare on Film" is discussed briefly, and an annotated list of Shakespeare films for the classroom teacher is provided in this paper. Thirteen films are listed: three versions of "Hamlet,""Henry V,""Julius Caesar," four versions of "Macbeth,""A Midsummer Night's Dream,""Othello,""Romeo and…

  12. Scholarly Appraisals of Literary Works Taught in High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunning, Stephen, Ed.; Sams, Henry W., Ed.

    Critical essays on eight literary works--four from the conventional literature curriculum and four less widely taught--are collected in this publication. Each o f the four standard selections--"Great Expectations,""Julius Caesar,""The Scarlet Letter," and "Macbeth"--is treated in two essays and a bibliography; and each of the less widely taught…

  13. Distorting the Past

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klehr, Harvey

    2004-01-01

    Many historians on the left are unwilling to renounce communism and the agents in this country who ran its insidious errands. Despite damning evidence from Soviet archives, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Alger Hiss, and other traitors remain the darlings of many leaders of the profession. Harvey Klehr documents how, in journals and recent textbooks,…

  14. Theoretical Developments in SUSY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shifman, M.

    2009-01-01

    I am proud that I was personally acquainted with Julius Wess. We first met in 1999 when I was working on the Yuri Golfand Memorial Volume (The Many Faces of the Superworld, World Scientific, Singapore, 2000). I invited him to contribute, and he accepted this invitation with enthusiasm. After that, we met many times, mostly at various conferences in Germany and elsewhere. I was lucky to discuss with Julius questions of theoretical physics, and hear his recollections on how supersymmetry was born. In physics Julius was a visionary, who paved the way to generations of followers. In everyday life he was a kind and modest person, always ready to extend a helping hand to people who were in need of his help. I remember him telling me how concerned he was about the fate of theoretical physicists in Eastern Europe after the demise of communism. His ties with Israeli physicists bore a special character. I am honored by the opportunity to contribute an article to the Julius Wess Memorial Volume. I will review theoretical developments of the recent years in non-perturbative supersymmetry.

  15. Theoretical developments in SUSY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shifman, M. [University of Minnesota, William I. Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    2009-01-15

    I am proud that I was personally acquainted with Julius Wess. We first met in 1999 when I was working on the Yuri Golfand Memorial Volume (The Many Faces of the Superworld, World Scientific, Singapore, 2000). I invited him to contribute, and he accepted this invitation with enthusiasm. After that, we met many times, mostly at various conferences in Germany and elsewhere. I was lucky to discuss with Julius questions of theoretical physics, and hear his recollections on how supersymmetry was born. In physics Julius was a visionary, who paved the way to generations of followers. In everyday life he was a kind and modest person, always ready to extend a helping hand to people who were in need of his help. I remember him telling me how concerned he was about the fate of theoretical physicists in Eastern Europe after the demise of communism. His ties with Israeli physicists bore a special character. I am honored by the opportunity to contribute an article to the Julius Wess Memorial Volume. I review theoretical developments of the recent years in non-perturbative supersymmetry. (orig.)

  16. "Die Young 2" - tegelikult mitte eriti õppefilm / Maris Meiessaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiessaar, Maris

    2007-01-01

    Tervise Arengu Instituudi algatusel valminud õppefilm HIV-viiruse ohtudest ja aidsist "Sure noorelt" : stsenarist Asko Künnap : Chalice'i, Sten Sheripovi ja Röövel Ööbiku muusika : osades Nele Kirsipuu, Julius Seljamaa : Eesti 2007

  17. 78 FR 7780 - Sunshine Act Meeting; FCC Announces Further Details for the First Post-Superstorm Sandy Field...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ...In the wake of Superstorm Sandy, Federal Communications Chairman Julius Genachowski announced plans to convene a series of field hearings to examine challenges to the nation's communications networks during natural disasters and in other times of crisis. The first hearing will facilitate a wider national dialogue about the resiliency of communications networks by focusing on the impact of......

  18. Rehabilitation of Platanista gangetica (Lebeck, 1801) as the valid scientific name of the Ganges dolphin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kinze, C.C.

    2000-01-01

    The Dutch scientist Heinrich Julius Lebeck’s description of the Ganges dolphin is, based on a deduced latest date of publication 24 August 1801, given priority over William Roxburgh’s account of the same species, for which no precise date could be established. Although very similar to the work of Ro

  19. Attend the lecture of the first artist-scientist inspiration partners of the Collide@CERN programme

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Julius Von Bismarck, the first winner of the Prix Ars Electronica Collide@CERN residency award for the digital arts and his science inspiration partner, Dr. James Wells, will present their individual work in art and science at the beginning of the residency on Wednesday 21 March at 18:45 at the Globe of Science and Innovation.   Hands up, this is a photo shoot! Julius Von Bismarck in action. All are welcome! The event will be in English, the common language between the artist and the scientist. To make a reservation for you and any guests, please send an e-mail to merce.monje.cano@cern.ch or call +41 22 76 75 246. For the complete programme of the event, see the official invitation.

  20. Direct and indirect speech fusion in Charisius’ Ars grammatica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antonio Pérez Alonso

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available When transmitting the teaching of his predecessors, the grammarian Charisius usually makes use of either subordinating clauses or direct speech, but he hardly ever employs the so-called indirect speech, typically found in strictly literary works rather than in technical ones. However, we have encountered some passages in which portions in direct speech precede indirect speech clauses, a remarkable phenomenon which could be thought of as textual corruptions needing emendation. Nevertheless, from the fact that this phenomenon is mainly found in parts of Charisius’ work taken from Julius Romanus’ De analogía (where the latter quotes Pliny the Elder’s Dubius sermo, we conclude that the text is correct and that we are dealing with a type of citation characteristic of Julius Romanus, the description of which is not found in the literature on Latin Syntax.

  1. A Study to Develop an Improved Organizational Structure for the Provision of Administrative Support for the Delivery of Health Care at Fitzsimons Army Medical Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-05-01

    composite of tested , effective organizational concepts capable of providing improved service to the clinical staff." 2 Finally, an alterna- tive structure...Dugway Proving Grounds is a DARCOM installation primarily involved with munitions testing . The - 30 clinic, previously a MEDDAC with inpatient...Medicine, 6 March 1978; Colonel (Dr.) Julius T. Coggin , MC, De- partment of Pathology and Area Laboratory Services, 3 February 1978; 54 Colonel (Dr

  2. Water Scarcity: A Selected Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    York: United Nations University Press, 2008. 313pp. (HD1691 .I54 2008) Parry, M. L., et al., eds. Climate Change 2007: Impacts , Adaptation and...12 Mangisoni, Julius H. " Impact of Treadle Pump Irrigation Technology on Smallholder Poverty and Food Security in Malawi: A Case Study of Blantyre...Suvarna, Shreevani. "Development Aid in an Environmental Context: Using Microfinance to Promote Equitable and Sustainable Water Use in the Nile Basin

  3. A Study of Computational Techniques Related to Prediction of Centroids of Dosage Beyond Measured Time Tn Where n is Known.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    Mathematical Methods for Physicists and Engineers. Reinhold Book Corporation, 199Ŝ. Conover, W.J. Practical Nonparametric Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, N.Y...Julius R., Rosenblatt, Judah. Probability and Statistics, W. B. Saunders Co.,1972. Boas, R.P. The American Mathematical Monthly , Vol. 88, No. 3...Addison- Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1970. Kenney, J.F. and Keeping, E.S. Mathematics of Statistics- Part One. D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 1954. *Korn, Granino

  4. Flapping Wing Flight Dynamic Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    von Karman, T. and Burgers, J. M., Gerneral Aerodynamic Theory - Perfect Fluids , Vol. II, Julius Springer , Berlin, 1935. [24] Pesavento, U. and Wang...L., Methods of Analytical Dynamics , McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1970. [34] Deng, X., Schenato, L., Wu, W. C., and Sastry, S. S., Flapping...Micro air vehicle- motivated computational biomechanics in bio ights: aerodynamics, ight dynamics and maneuvering stability, Acta Mechanica

  5. Proyectar desde la imagen: la fotografía como instrumento creador de atmósferas construidas en la obra de Druot, Lacaton y Vassal

    OpenAIRE

    Luzarraga-Iturrioz, A. (Arantzazu)

    2016-01-01

    Lacaton & Vassal, in collaboration with Frédéric Druot were commissioned to upgrade 1960s and 1970s residential high rise developments in the banlieues of Paris. Based on the ‘never demolishing, subtracting or replacing things, but always adding, transforming and utilising them’ premise, the authors’ used a threestep procedure in which photography played a major role. The process starts with some images taken by photographer Julius Shulman in the Case Study House #22 by Pierre Koe...

  6. Female-targeted drug therapies may propel migraine DM efforts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-02-01

    Julius Caesar, Thomas Jefferson, and even Sigmund Freud had this ailment, and Alice is thought to have described it in Wonderland. But make no mistake, migraine headaches are not the stuff of fairy tales for the 45 million migraine sufferers of the disabling and costly disorder. Here are the disease management guidelines you need to reduce migraine-related expense and minimize your patient's pain.

  7. Defining and Demonstrating Capabilities for Experience-Based Narrative Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    missing and elided information in the story. For example, given a brief synopsis of Shakespeare’s Macbeth plot, the Genesis system can fill in the...results of certain actions, such as that “if Ducan kills Macbeth , Macbeth is dead.” This information was then fed into the Analogical Story Merging (ASM...notes the detailed similarities of Macbeth and Hamlet, how Julius Caesar shares some structure with Macbeth and Hamlet but nowhere near as much, and

  8. Factors influencing exacerbation-related self-management in patients with COPD: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Korpershoek YJG; Vervoort SCJM; Nijssen LIT; Trappenburg JCA; Schuurmans MJ

    2016-01-01

    YJG Korpershoek,1,2 SCJM Vervoort,3 LIT Nijssen,2 JCA Trappenburg,2 MJ Schuurmans1,2 1Research Group Chronic Illnesses, Faculty of Health Care, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, 2Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3Cancer Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands Background: In patients with COPD, self-management skills are important to reduce the impact of exacerbations. However, both detection and adequate...

  9. Piracy and its relationship to international law

    OpenAIRE

    Štemberg, Milan

    2010-01-01

    Résumé Piracy and its Relation to the International Law Piracy is a threat to maritime navigation - and to maritime trade in particular - that is as ancient as maritime navigation itself. Even the Roman ruler Julius Caesar was - according to historians - captured by the pirates and released only after paying a royal ransom. At the beginning of the twentieth century, some authors considered the crime of piracy to be 'obsolete'. However, as the latest development proves, piracy is unfortunately...

  10. Muulane või surmasõlm / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Ivinskaja, Olga. Aastad Boriss Pasternakiga, ehk, Aja vangis / tlk. Vilma Matsov. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Baranov, Vadim. Maksim Gorki. Elu ja surma saladus / tlk. Jüri Pärni. Tallinn : Kunst, 2006 ; Troyat, Henri. Aleksander III : lumetsaar / tlk. Jana Porila. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2006 ; Runnel, Hando. Viru veri ei värise. [Tartu] : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Pärnik, Ylo M. Dr. Julius von Scultz-Bertram. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006

  11. How Have Deployments During the War on Terrorism Affected Reenlistment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    theory of planned behavior in social psychology ( Ajzen , 1985, 1991). In this formulation, the individual has behavioral beliefs about the...2007-001, 2007. Ajzen , Icek, “From Intentions to Actions: A Theory of Planned Behavior ,” in Julius Kuhl and Jürgen Beckmann, eds., Action Control: From...Cognition to Behavior , Berlin: Springer, 1985. ———, “The Theory of Planned Behavior ,” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,

  12. On the origin of the cosmic elements and the nuclear history of the universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    José, Jordi; Asplund, Martin; Charbonel, Corinne; Cherchneff, Isabelle; Diehl, Roland; Korn, Andreas; Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl

    2016-08-01

    The quest for the energy source of stars, capable of maintaining their long-lasting brightness, has puzzled physicists during centuries. Early suggestions, due to Julius R. von Mayer, John James Waterson, Hermann von Helmholtz, and William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), among others, relied on the conversion of gravitational potential energy into heat. However, the age of the Sun inferred in this framework was only a few million years, a value clearly at odds with estimates based on geological records.

  13. In Vivo Osteoinductive Effect and In Vitro Isolation and Cultivation Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Redžić, Amira; Smajilagić, Amer; Aljičević, Mufida; Berberović, Ljubomir

    2010-01-01

    Bone marrow contains cell type termed Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSC), first recognized in bone marrow by a German pathologist, Julius Cohnheim in 1867. That MSCs have potential to differentiate in vitro in to the various cells lines as osteoblast, chondroblast, myoblast and adipoblast cells lines. Aims of our study were to show in vivo capacity of bone marrow MSC to produce bone in surgically created non critical size mandible defects New Zeeland Rabbits, and then in second part of study to iso...

  14. Is Pakistani Equity Market Integrated to the Equity Markets of Group of Eight (G8) Countries? An Empirical Analysis of Karachi Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Syed Muhammad Aamir Shah; Muhammad Husnain; Ashraf Ali

    2012-01-01

    This study looks at the dynamic relationship between the Pakistani equity market and equity markets of Group of Eight countries (G8) which includes Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK and USA by using weekly time series data starting from June 2004 to May 2009. Multivariate Co-integration approach by Johnson and Julius (1990) shows there exists no long-term relationship between the G8 and Pakistani equity market. Vector error correction (VECM) model suggests that 100% of the lag...

  15. Area Handbook Series: Egypt: A Country Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Ptolemaic pharaohs and endured until the suicide of Cleopatra in 30 B.C., at which time direct Roman control was instituted. The early Ptolemies were...Idfu) and Den- ,Ata (present-day Dandarah). The last of the Ptolemies was Cleopatra , the wife of Julius Cae- sar and later Mark Antony. During her...reign, Egypt again became a factor in Mediterranean politics. Cleopatra was a woman of genius and a worthy opponent of Rome. Her main preoccupations were

  16. La transformación de Víctor Frankenstein desde el modelo actancial de Greimas

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El presente artículo analiza al personaje Víctor Frankenstein de la novela "Frankenstein o el moderno Prometeo" de la escritora inglesa Mary Shelley desde el Modelo o esquema actancial postulado por el lingüista francés Algirdas Julius Greimas, con el fin de demostrar la transformación que vive el personaje, antes y después de la creación de su empresa

  17. Differences in pain perception during open muscle biopsy and Bergstroem needle muscle biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Dengler J; Linke P; Gdynia HJ; Wolf S.; Ludolph AC; Vajkoczy P; Meyer T

    2014-01-01

    Julius Dengler,1 Peter Linke,2 Hans J Gdynia,3 Stefan Wolf,1 Albert C Ludolph,3 Peter Vajkoczy,1 Thomas Meyer2 1Department of Neurosurgery, 2Department of Neurology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany; 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Ulm, Ulm, GermanyPurpose: Open surgical muscle biopsy (OB) and percutaneous Bergstroem needle muscle biopsy (NB) are equally accepted procedures. However, there are no data comparing intrapr...

  18. Preliminary Reactor Physics Assessment of the HTR Module with 14% Enriched UCO Fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerhard Strydom; Hans D. Gougar

    2013-03-01

    The high temperature reactor (HTR) Module (Lohnert, 1990) is a graphite-moderated, helium cooled pebble bed design that has been extensively used as a reference template for the former South African (Matzner, 2004) and current Chinese (Zhang et al., 2009) HTR programs. This design utilizes spherical fuel elements packed into a dynamic pebble bed, consisting of tri-structural isotropic (TRISO) coated uranium oxide (UO2) 500 µm fuel kernels with a U-235 enrichment of 7.8% and a heavy metal loading of 7 g per pebble. This fuel type was previously qualified for use in Germany for pebble bed HTRs, as well as undergoing re-qualification in South Africa for the PBMR project. It is also the fuel type being tested for use in the high temperature reactor (HTR-PM) under construction in China. In the United States, however, a different TRISO fuel form is the subject of a qualification program. The U.S. experience with HTRs has been focused upon the batch-fueled prismatic reactor in which TRISO particles are embedded in cylindrical compacts and stacked inside the graphite blocks which comprise the core. Under this type of operating regime, a smaller TRISO with a different composition and enrichment performs better than the fuel historically used in PBRs. Fuel kernels and compacting techniques more suited to prismatic core duty are currently being developed and qualified under the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) fuel development program and in support of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant project. Interest in the pebble bed concept remains high, however, and a study was undertaken by the authors to assess the viability of using AGR fuel in a pebble bed reactor. Using the German HTR Module as the reference plant, key neutronic and thermal-hydraulic parameters were compared between the nominal design and one fueled with the fuel that is the focus of the AGR program.

  19. Kolga-Jaani kihelkond ja Vabaduse Risti vennad / Jaak Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Jaak

    2003-01-01

    Viljandimaaga seotud järgmiste Vabadusristi kavaleride elulood: Jakob Aaren, Joosep Aas, Anton Anni, Jakob Ant, Peeter-Viktor Kanasaar, Julius Kasper, Martin-Alexander Kepmann, Georg Kesküla, Peeter Kolts, Joosep Korts, August Kull, Georg Kütt, Georg Liiv, Eduard Meijel, August Moks, Theodor Mölter, Arnold-Rudolf Orik, August Paia, Aleksander Pajur, Oskar Parvet, Tõnis Pedak, August Pent, Heinrich Puidak, Jaan Päsna, Elmar Rei, Ernst Saar, Jüri Saks, August Schönberg, August-Johannes Teose, Hans Timpson, Anton Unt, Julian Vares, Paul Vares

  20. Old Romanian Meteorological Terms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pelin Liviu-Ioan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to present the evolution of the meteorological terminology, from the 17th century Grigore Ureche’s chronicle and bishop Amfilohie Hotiniul's manuscript on Physics (Moldavia, late 18th Century to the mid 19th century writings of Teodor Stamati (Moldova and Julius Barasch (Wallachia, also considering pop science literature, newspapers, such as “Albina Românească” and weather superstitions published in various calendars, and disputed by intelectuals like Mihail Kogălniceanu.

  1. Bruno's Spaccio and Hyginus' Poetica Astronomica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Catana, Leo

    2000-01-01

    The narrative framework of Giordano Bruno’s dialogue Lo spaccio de la bestia trionfante was inspired by Lucian of Samosata and his dialogue The Parliament of the Gods. In this article it is argued that Bruno, within that framework, developed an abundant imagery of astrological constellations...... inspired by the Poetica astronomica, a text ascribed to the Roman mythographer and astronomer Gaius Julius Hyginus (2nd century AD). Already in Lucian’s dialogue, astrological constellations were incorporated into the narrative framework, and precisely this union was imitated in the Renaissance by Leon...

  2. Government Procurement. Crimes and Offenses (Thesis I of a Two-Thesis Project)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    moon SHAKESPEARE, JULIUS CAESAR, act IV, scene iii, lines 9-27 reprinted in I THE PLAYS AND SONNETS OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 588 (W. Clarke & W. Wright...the remaining $400,000 per plane payment being still con- 73 • " ".’-’’-" "" + " . .. . • - + . • . "... . . ..*’,. .,...... .’... . *..-." ’ A...States v. Standefer, supra note 29, at 1080; United States v. Niederberger, supra note 20, at 68-69. 73 . United States v. Brewster, supra note 7, at 82. 74

  3. Propiedades materiales y experiencias subjetivas : los modelos anatómicos de Gustav Zeiller (1850-1904)

    OpenAIRE

    Fakiner, Nike Verena

    2014-01-01

    Los protagonistas de esta tesis doctoral son artefactos materiales, modelos anatómicos en cera, fabricados por Gustav Zeiller, un modelador anatómico, muy poco estudiado hasta la fecha. La investigación de modelos anatómicos ha llamado la atención a investigadores de excelencia como Nick Hopwood, Thomas Schnalke o Renato Manzollini que han analizado su papel en la práctica anatómica. También Julius von Schlosser, el discípulo de Aby Warburg, estudió artefactos en cera en diversas prácticas cu...

  4. Jaani kirik Peterburis = St. John's Church in St. Petersburg / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    1860. a. Peterburis avatud Jaani kirikust (arhitekt Harald Julius von Bosse) ja neoromaani stiilis kirikuhoone taastamisest. Maja taastati väliselt oma ajaloolisel kujul, kuid interjöör loodi kaasaegseid vajadusi arvestades. Sisearhitekt Juta Lember, tema selgitused. Tellija: Eesti Kontsert. Projekteerijad: НИИ Спецпроектреставрация, E. J. Merkurjevi Arhitektuuribüroo. Eestis valmistati eritellimusel mööbel,saali valgustid, kirikuinventar. Projekt: 2005-2010, valmis: 2011

  5. [Private clinics in Nuremberg in the 19th and 20th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasold, Manfred

    2008-01-01

    As a consequence of the industrialization German cities grew very rapidly during the 19th century. Nuremberg reached the number of 100 000 in 1881. Although that city had a large Municipality Hospital (since 1845), a number of specialized private hospitals was founded. Julius Cnopf, a doctor from Nuremberg, founded a children's hospital, one of the first children's hospitals in Germany. The Nuremberg Muncipality Hospital had more than 1000 beds before 1914 and many more than 2000 after 1945, for this reason the number of private owned hospitals remained rather small. Nonetheless were these small and highly specialized hospitals quite important for the city population of Nuremberg.

  6. The history of time a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Holford-Strevens, Leofranc

    2005-01-01

    Leofranc Holford-Strevens explores time measurement and the organisation of time into hours, days, months and years using a range of fascinating examples from Ancient Rome and Julius Caesar's Leap Year, to the 1920s' project for a fixed Easter. - ;Why do we measure time in the way that we do? Why is a week seven days long? At what point did minutes and seconds come into being? Why are some calendars lunar and some solar? The organisation of time into hours, days, months and years seems immutable and universal, but is actually far more artificial than most people realise. The French Revolution

  7. Venus - Crater Aurelia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    This Magellan image shows a complex crater, 31.9 kilometers (20 miles) in diameter with a circular rim, terraced walls, and central peaks, located at 20.3 degrees north latitude and 331.8 degrees east longitude. Several unusual features are evidenced in this image: large dark surface up range from the crater; lobate flows emanating from crater ejecta, and very radar-bright ejecta and floor. Aurelia has been proposed to the International Astronomical Union, Subcommittee of Planetary Nomenclature as a candidate name. Aurelia is the mother of Julius Caesar.

  8. Bernd Herzogenrath (ed. From Virgin Land to Disney World : Nature and Its Discontents in the U.S.A. of Yesterday and Today. Critical Studies, Vol. 15.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Carmichael

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available The essays in this volume present diverse readings of the place of nature in American culture from the European arrival to the postmodern period. Theoretically informed and richly considered, these essays can loosely be divided into those which take a specific historical moment or representation as their object—Thomas Cole’s Hudson river paintings, Poe’s Julius Rodman, antinomianism in the 1960s, Sam Peckinpah,’s The Wild Bunch, or the cultural logic of the Las Vegas strip, to cite just a few...

  9. Voice-Controlled Artificial Handspeak System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Fonda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A man-machine interaction project is described which aims to establish an automated voice to sign language translator for communication with the deaf using integrated open technologies. The first prototype consists of a robotic hand designed with OpenSCAD and manufactured with a low-cost 3D printer ─which smoothly reproduces the alphabet of the sign language controlled by voice only. The core automation comprises an Arduino UNO controller used to activate a set of servo motors that follow instructions from a Raspberry Pi mini-computer having installed the open source speech recognition engine Julius. We discuss its features, limitations and possible future developments.

  10. Jaani kirik Peterburis = St. John's Church in St. Petersburg / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    1860. a. Peterburis avatud Jaani kirikust (arhitekt Harald Julius von Bosse) ja neoromaani stiilis kirikuhoone taastamisest. Maja taastati väliselt oma ajaloolisel kujul, kuid interjöör loodi kaasaegseid vajadusi arvestades. Sisearhitekt Juta Lember, tema selgitused. Tellija: Eesti Kontsert. Projekteerijad: НИИ Спецпроектреставрация, E. J. Merkurjevi Arhitektuuribüroo. Eestis valmistati eritellimusel mööbel,saali valgustid, kirikuinventar. Projekt: 2005-2010, valmis: 2011

  11. Notions of Positivity and the Geometry of Polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Branden, Petter; Putinar, Mihai

    2011-01-01

    The book consists of solicited articles from a select group of mathematicians and physicists working at the interface between positivity and the geometry, combinatorics or analysis of polynomials of one or several variables. It is dedicated to the memory of Julius Borcea (1968-2009), a distinguished mathematician, Professor at the University of Stockholm. With his extremely original contributions and broad vision, his impact on the topics of the planned volume cannot be underestimated. All contributors knew or have exchanged ideas with Dr. Borcea, and their articles reflect, at least partially

  12. [The physician and cosmetics--distorted images reflected in German medical historiography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Sabine

    2003-01-01

    Physicians have been experts in cosmetics for thousands of years. Especially since the early modern period they have produced medical advice literature that included the topic of cosmetics for a general readership. Medical historians have paid scant attention to this aspect of doctors' activities, and when they did, this happened partly in a rather prejudiced manner, resulting in long-lasting misjudgements. This is illustrated with special reference to the case of the Berlin doctor and medical historian Julius Leopold Pagel (1851-1912).

  13. Suffodit inguina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betzig, Laura

    2014-01-01

    When Julius Caesar was stabbed, 23 times, on the Ides of March, at least one of the daggers is supposed to have gone into his groin. He wasn't the last Roman to have his privates attacked. And he wasn't the last primate. In competition for sexual access, gonads are occasionally targeted: canine incisions in monkey and ape scrota are not uncommon; and rumors had a number of Roman emperors--from Caligula and Nero, to Galba, Vitellius, Domitian, Commodus, Caracalla, Elagabalus, to Balbinus, Pupienus and Valerian over the course of the third century crisis--done in with their genitals at risk, or with their genitals cut off.

  14. Greek or Roman historical personages in the Quixote

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio López Férez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper concentrates on the presence of Greek or Roman historical personages in Don Quixote, offering the passages with the pertinent commentary and notes. Following a chronological order, and indicating in brackets the number of mentions, we have: Lycurgus (1; Tulia, Servius Tulius daughter (1; Lucretia (2; Horatius Cocles (1; Caius Mucius Scevola (1; Artemisia-Mausolus (1; Alexander the Great (13; Hannibal (2; Publius Cornelius Scipio, Africanus (1; Viriatus (1; Sulla-Marius-Catillina (1; Julius Caesar (6; Portia (1; Augustus (2; Nero (2; Traianus-Hadrianus (1.

  15. Quand le savant l’emporte sur le politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Diallo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I examine some of the reactions that William Julius Wilson’s The Declining Significance of Race has triggered among his colleagues and among black activists. I explain that some criticisms, clearly at odds with scientific research, are the result of ideological interpretations that completely divorce Wilson’s work from its scholarly context. Through my analysis of the controversy caused by Wilson thesis, I importantly address issues of methodology, analytical rigor, and objectivity in scholarly works and emphasize highly biased assumptions presented by myopic researchers who let racial and political ideology take precedence over objectivity.

  16. [Images of epilepsy in Shakespeare].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breuer, Horst

    2002-01-01

    Epilepsy and the "falling sickness" are mentioned three times in Shakespeare, in Julius Caesar, I.ii, Othello, IV.i., and figuratively in King Lear, II.ii. The present article surveys these passages in the context of modern research findings, literary as well as medico-historical. It adds further material from Renaissance texts and concludes that epilepsy is an omnibus term for a variety of symptoms and pathological conditions, and that Shakespeare's idea of epilepsy is closer to popular stereotypes than has hitherto been assumed.

  17. My Continuing Evolution as a Surgeon-Scientist: A Decade after the Jacobson Promising Investigator Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzeng, Edith

    2017-01-01

    THE SECOND JOAN L AND JULIUS H JACOBSON PROMISING INVESTIGATOR AWARDEE, EDITH TZENG MD, FACS: In 2005, the Surgical Research Committee of the American College of Surgeons was tasked with selecting the recipient of a newly established award, "The Joan L and Julius H Jacobson Promising Investigator Award." According to the Jacobsons, the award funded by Dr Jacobson should be given at least once every 2 years to a surgeon investigator at "the tipping point," who can demonstrate that his or her research shows the promise of leading to a significant contribution to the practice of surgery and patient safety. Every year, the Surgical Research Committee receives many excellent nominations and has the difficult task of selecting one awardee. The first awardee was Michael Longaker MD, FACS, who 10 years later reflected on the award and the impact it had on his career.(1) This year, Edith Tzeng, MD, FACS, the second Jacobson awardee, reflects on her 10-year journey after receiving the award. Dr Tzeng is now a national and international figure in the field of vascular surgery and has studied the effect of nitric oxide and carbon monoxide on intimal hyperplasia. Kamal MF Itani, MD, FACS and Leigh Neumayer, MD, FACS, on behalf of the Surgical Research Committee of the American College of Surgeons.

  18. "I can't wait to find out what Nature has in store for us"

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2012-01-01

    Professor Guido Altarelli, a physicist at CERN and the University of Rome, has received two prizes since the beginning of the year: the Julius Wess prize awarded by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Sakurai prize awarded by the American Physical Society.   Guido Altarelli (left), receiving the Julius Wess prize in Karlsruhe on 16 January. It's been a good start to the year for Guido Altarelli. After receiving two prestigious prizes in the space of a few weeks for achievements during his long career, all he's waiting for is the Higgs boson! "I can't wait to find out what Nature has in store for us!", he smiles. Hardly surprising when you think that Altarelli has been looking for the answers since the very start of his career in particle physics. As a theorist at CERN for over twenty years, he has always worked closely with the experiments, first at the SPS, then at LEP and now at the LHC. Today, following the significant progress in...

  19. 洛杉矶诗人

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    由于洛杉矶Getty中心的“朱利叶斯·舒而曼(Julius Shulman)现代与都市“展览的开幕.标志着该博物馆获得了大量的摄影师作品260000张底片、照片和幻灯片,它们本质上见证了战后南加利福利亚建筑史上的发展.这次所收集的作品包括鲁道夫·辛德勒(Rudotf Schindler).弗兰克·劳埃德·赖特(Frank Lloyd Wright)、查尔斯(Charles)、雷·艾姆斯(Ray Eames)和理查德·诺依特拉(Richard Neutra)。

  20. 'Magic coins' and 'magic squares': the discovery of astrological sigils in the Oldenburg Letters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Anna Marie

    2008-09-20

    Enclosed in a 1673 letter to Henry Oldenburg were two drawings of a series of astrological sigils, coins and amulets from the collection of Strasbourg mathematician Julius Reichelt (1637-1719). As portrayals of particular medieval and early modern sigils are relatively rare, this paper will analyse the role of these medals in medieval and early modern medicine, the logic behind their perceived efficacy, and their significance in early modern astrological and cabalistic practice. I shall also demonstrate their change in status in the late seventeenth century from potent magical healing amulets tied to the mysteries of the heavens to objects kept in a cabinet for curiosos. The evolving perception of the purpose of sigils mirrored changing early modem beliefs in the occult influences of the heavens upon the body and the natural world, as well as the growing interests among virtuosi in collecting, numismatics and antiquities.

  1. 世界化妆品业的微生物专家——专访德国舒美有限公司中国地区经理石春霄先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俪瑛

    2007-01-01

    1889年,Rudolf Sch ü Ike和Julius Mayr在德国汉堡创建了德国舒美有限公司(Sch ü Ike&Mayr GmbH)。同年向市场推出了全球第一个品牌消毒剂——来苏水(LYSOL*)。1892年,汉堡爆发了大规模的流行性传染病霍乱,LYSOL*战胜了霍乱,挽救了无数人的生命,舒美也因此被当时的汉堡市政厅授予了荣誉奖章。

  2. History of the ductus arteriosus: 2. Persisting patency in the preterm infant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obladen, Michael

    2011-01-01

    By 1769, it was known to Morgagni that the ductus arteriosus may persist until adulthood. In 1835, Jörg linked delayed postnatal closure with disturbed respiration, a discovery that was afterwards forgotten for a century. When blood gas analysis became available, the association between persisting patency and diminished oxygenation resurfaced. When it became known that prostaglandins played a role in maintaining ductal patency, the development of pharmacologic intervention with cyclooxygenase inhibitors immediately followed. This rapid progress was due to the interaction between basic science, pediatric cardiology, and neonatology disciplines at the Cardiovascular Research Institute in San Francisco, coordinated by Julius Comroe, as well as President Kennedy's foundation of the National Institute of Child Health and Development. This series of events exemplifies how clinical research became an integrated managed multidisciplinary endeavor in the 20th century.

  3. QUANTUM @ Théâtre Forum Meyrin | 30-31 October

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    The Gilles Jobin Company has the pleasure of welcoming you to QUANTUM @ Théâtre Forum Meyrin.   QUANTUM @ Théâtre Forum Meyrin Friday, 30 October - 8.30 p.m.  Saturday, 31 October - 7.00 p.m. SPECIAL PRICE FOR CERN PERSONNEL: 15 CHF upon presentation of your CERN card (regular price: 25 CHF/20 CHF). QUANTUM is a "creative collision" between 2012 Arts@CERN resident artists Gilles Jobin, choreographer, and Julius Von Bismarck, visual artist. Von Bismarck's lumino-kinetic installation lights up the stage while Carla Scaletti's music score uses real LHC "sonified" data! Physicists Michael Doser and Nicholas Chanon participated in the creation as scientific advisors to the choreographer. Created at the CMS ex...

  4. Mitral regurgitation: challenges and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ejiofor JI

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Julius I Ejiofor, Lawrence Cohn,† Tsuyoshi Kaneko Division of Cardiac Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA †Lawrence Cohn passed away on January 9, 2016 Abstract: Since the first mitral valvuloplasty in 1923, the technique of mitral valvuloplasty has matured over the years and now has become the first-line treatment, especially in patients with myxomatous mitral regurgitation (MR. We have highlighted some of the major problems that are encountered with the various etiologies of MR. We believe that repair is always the optimal surgical procedure for any of the above etiologies if it is consistent with a long-term result. However, replacement has shown to be a safer procedure in some instances such as severe functional MR or destructive endocarditis. Keywords: mitral regurgitation, mitral valvuloplasty, systolic anterior motion, functional mitral regurgitation, rheumatic valve disease

  5. Spa Garden in Daruvar – Methods of Renewal and Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šćitaroci Mladen Obad

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Spa garden in Daruvar ‘Julius’s Park’ is the oldest spa garden in continental Croatia. The counts Jankovich and their successors created the garden during the 18th and 20th century. The garden resumed its nowadays form and surface in the time of count Julius Jankovich in the mid-19th century and it was named after him. The garden is protected as a cultural heritage. The garden’s renovation is seen as an urban, architectural and landscape unity and it attempts to affirm the missing and neglected parts of the garden, to provide technological and municipal space modernization and to make a pleasant urban garden ambiance with new facilities and high space arrangement qualities, contributing to the economic development of the local community.

  6. The effect of macroeconomic variables on non performance financing of Islamic Banks in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latifah Dian Iriani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This research is going to discuss about the determinant macro variables and bank’s behavior determinant credit risk on Islamic rural bank in Indonesia. It could be seen on macro variables such as inflation, exchange rate, Jakarta I slamic index (JII and money supply (M2, and bank’s behavior such as financing. Research methodology used at this study is Vector Error Correction Model (VECM. Following these procedures, it applies Unit Roots Test, Augmented Dickey Fuller Test, Lag Length Criteria Test, Correlation Matrix – Johansen Julius Co-integration Test, VECM Estimation, Impulse Response and Variance Decomposition Test. The result show that both bank behaviors and macroeconomic variables are significant affecting non-performing financing (NPF. The banking need more careful to manage internal and external factors that influence non-performing financing (NPF.

  7. Steni muinasjutuvõistluse võitjad selgunud / Ants Roos, Ann Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Ants

    2008-01-01

    Steni XVI muinasjutuvõistluse žüriisse kuulusid: Ann Roos, Ants Roos, Leelo Tungal, Krista Kumberg, Leida Olszak, Ülle Väljataga. Tulemused: I koht Siim Niinelaid, II koht Julius Air Kull, III koht Mihkel Rammu. Žürii eriauhinnad: Anna Kristin Peterson, Elis Ruus, Rain Hallikas, Mariliis Peterson, Marjaliisa Palu, Karl Kirsimäe, Margaret Pulk. Ergutusauhinnad: Karmel Klaus, Martti Kaljuste, Kristina Korell, Mirjam Võsaste, Mihkel Põder, Iirys Kalde, Miriam Jamul, Mari-Ann Mägi, Ketlin Saar, Liisbeth Kirss. Muud eriauhinnad said: Allan Läll, Berle Mees, Anett Kuuse, Karl Erik Kübarsepp, Grete Tamm, Siim Niinelaid, Kaisa Marie Sipelgas, Ellen Anett Põldmaa, Evelin Laul, Karl Laas, Karl Stamm, Kerli Retter

  8. 源自古罗马文化的趣味习语

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵翔

    2009-01-01

    公元前55年,古罗马统帅恺撒(Julius Caesar)在征服高卢(Gaul)之后来到不列颠岛,但并未同当地的凯尔特人(Celts)发生冲突。第二年,恺撒第二次亲临不列颠。这次他在不列颠岛东南部站稳了脚跟,并与当地的凯尔特人发生冲突。恺撒大军虽然取胜,但并没有使凯尔特人屈服,古罗马也没有对不列颠岛的社会文化产生大的影响。

  9. Narrative plots of teaching mathematics to improve the breed in Colombian society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Fernando Guerrero Recalde

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to show the reasons which have led to consider the school as a privileged institution for the civilizing process. In particular understand the reasons which have led to argue that mathematical knowledge are key to the formation of the civilized individual parts. To account for this thesis was chosen in the history of Colombia the period 1873-1960, which have called period of "eugenic math" or "period of improving the race." In this period we are oriented to eliminate those features of our society seen as savage and barbaric speech. Also, this speech was accompanied with the idea of building a new republic from scientific educational devices. The most prominent figure in this period were the german physical and mathematical Julius Sieber.

  10. The Beginnings and Development of the Collection of Historic Musical Instruments of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrix Darmstaedter

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Collection of Historic Musical Instruments of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna (KHM was founded during the First World War when the inventories of the collections owned by Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este (1863-1914 went to the Imperial museum in Vienna after his assassination. From 1916/17 on, the renowned art historian Julius von Schlosser (1866-1938 and his successor, Hermann Julius Hermann (1869-1953, organized one of the most important collections and exhibitions exclusively dedicated to musical instruments. They assembled valuable items from the 16th century that had belonged to Archduke Ferdinand II’s (1529-1595 Cabinet of Curiosities, objects collected by members of the Obizzi dynasty in the castle of Catajo, and recently acquired historical instruments connected with the Viennese tradition of instrument making. In 1920, Schlosser wrote his fundamental catalogue on the newly established collection that  is considered to be the fi rst systematical and scientifi c publication on historic musical instruments in Austria. During the following years, he strove towards amplifying the inventory and expanding the exhibition. He transferred precious items originally belonging to the movables depot of the erstwhile court (Hofmobiliendepot and instruments left in former imperial residences, such as the castle of Laxenburg. The contribution reviews previously unpublished archived sources documenting the early history of the collection and broaches the issue of the extended exhibition in the 1920s, discusses the thematic orientations of the collection and the principles in museum didactic that consequently arose. Moreover, the position of the collection and its policy in the context of other museums with similar emphases at that time will be analyzed. La collezione di strumenti musicali antichi del Kunsthistorisches Museum a Vienna (KHM é stata fondata durante la prima guerra mondiale quando l’inventario delle collezioni dell

  11. Bruno Zumino (1923 - 2014)

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Bruno Zumino died in Berkeley, California, on 21* June, aged 91. His name is mainly associated with the formulation of supersymmetry in four-dimensional space–time.   Bruno Zumino in 1985. (Image credit: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.) Zumino graduated in physics at the University of Rome in 1945 and worked in Göttingen and then at New York University, where he became Chair of the Physics Department. In 1968, he joined the Theory Division at CERN, staying until 1981. It was here that he did his pioneering work with Julius Wess of Karlsruhe in which they formulated the first supersymmetric four-dimensional quantum field theory – the Wess–Zumino model – in 1974. Today supersymmetry is a strong candidate for physics beyond the Standard Model and provides some candidate particles for dark matter. In 1976, two years after its formulation, supersymmetry was combined with the gravitational force, giving birth to supergravity and stunning deve...

  12. Steni muinasjutuvõistluse võitjad selgunud / Ants Roos, Ann Roos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roos, Ants

    2008-01-01

    Steni XVI muinasjutuvõistluse žüriisse kuulusid: Ann Roos, Ants Roos, Leelo Tungal, Krista Kumberg, Leida Olszak, Ülle Väljataga. Tulemused: I koht Siim Niinelaid, II koht Julius Air Kull, III koht Mihkel Rammu. Žürii eriauhinnad: Anna Kristin Peterson, Elis Ruus, Rain Hallikas, Mariliis Peterson, Marjaliisa Palu, Karl Kirsimäe, Margaret Pulk. Ergutusauhinnad: Karmel Klaus, Martti Kaljuste, Kristina Korell, Mirjam Võsaste, Mihkel Põder, Iirys Kalde, Miriam Jamul, Mari-Ann Mägi, Ketlin Saar, Liisbeth Kirss. Muud eriauhinnad said: Allan Läll, Berle Mees, Anett Kuuse, Karl Erik Kübarsepp, Grete Tamm, Siim Niinelaid, Kaisa Marie Sipelgas, Ellen Anett Põldmaa, Evelin Laul, Karl Laas, Karl Stamm, Kerli Retter

  13. The clinical utility of FibroScan® as a noninvasive diagnostic test for liver disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilder J

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Julius Wilder,1,2 Keyur Patel1,21Division of Gastroenterology, Duke University School of Medicine, 2Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC, USAAbstract: An important aspect of managing chronic liver disease is assessing for evidence of fibrosis. Historically, this has been accomplished using liver biopsy, which is an invasive procedure associated with risk for complications and significant sampling and observer error, limiting the accuracy for determination of fibrosis stage. Hence, several serum biomarkers and imaging methods for noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis have been developed. In this article, we review the current literature on an important noninvasive imaging modality to measure tissue elastography (FibroScan®. This ultrasound-based technique is now increasingly available in many countries and has been shown to be a reliable and safe noninvasive means of assessing disease severity in chronic liver disease of varying etiology.Keywords: elastography, ultrasound, fibrosis, cirrhosis

  14. A minimal model of metabolism-based chemotaxis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew D Egbert

    Full Text Available Since the pioneering work by Julius Adler in the 1960's, bacterial chemotaxis has been predominantly studied as metabolism-independent. All available simulation models of bacterial chemotaxis endorse this assumption. Recent studies have shown, however, that many metabolism-dependent chemotactic patterns occur in bacteria. We hereby present the simplest artificial protocell model capable of performing metabolism-based chemotaxis. The model serves as a proof of concept to show how even the simplest metabolism can sustain chemotactic patterns of varying sophistication. It also reproduces a set of phenomena that have recently attracted attention on bacterial chemotaxis and provides insights about alternative mechanisms that could instantiate them. We conclude that relaxing the metabolism-independent assumption provides important theoretical advances, forces us to rethink some established pre-conceptions and may help us better understand unexplored and poorly understood aspects of bacterial chemotaxis.

  15. Perception of the Relevance of Organic Chemistry in a German Pharmacy Students' Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehle, Sarah; Decker, Michael

    2016-04-25

    Objective. To investigate German pharmacy students' attitudes toward the relevance of organic chemistry training in Julius Maximilian University (JMU) of Würzburg with regard to subsequent courses in the curricula and in later prospective career options. Methods. Surveys were conducted in the second-year organic chemistry course (50 participants) as well as during the third-year and fourth-year lecture cycle on medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry (66 participants) in 2014. Results. Students' attitudes were surprisingly consistent throughout the progress of the degree course. Students considered organic chemistry very relevant to the pharmacy study program (95% junior and 97% senior students), and of importance for their future pharmacy program (88% junior and 94% senior students). With regard to prospective career options, the perceived relevance was considerably lower and attitudes were less homogenous. Conclusions. German pharmacy students at JMU Würzburg consider organic chemistry of high relevance for medicinal chemistry and other courses in JMU's pharmacy program.

  16. [Welcome to the DGN Congress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichmann, Heinz

    2017-08-01

    Liebe Kolleginnen und Kollegen, ich möchte dieses Editorial nutzen, um Sie ganz herzlich, auch im Namen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurologie, zum Jahreskongress unserer Gesellschaft vom 20. – 23.09.17 nach Leipzig einzuladen. Der Wissenschaftsstandort Leipzig darf auf herausragende Fachkollegen zurückblicken. So hat Wilhelm Erb 1880 als Professor der Medizinischen Poliklinik die Neurologie als eigenständiges Lehrfach entwickelt und hatte das Privileg, mit den Neurowissenschaftlern Paul Flechsig und Paul Julius Möbius zusammen zu arbeiten. Das Team um Herrn Prof. Claßen, Kongresspräsident, und Frau Prof. Saur, Kongresssekretärin, hat zusammen mit dem Programm-Komitee der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurologie ein außerordentlich spannendes und vielfältiges Programm zusammen gestellt.

  17. Species-specific cell mobility of bacteria-feeding myxamoebae in plasmodial slime molds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, Thomas; Kutschera, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    On decaying wood or litter in forests, plasmodial slime molds (myxomycetes) represent a large fraction of eukaryotic protists that feed on bacteria. In his seminal book Experimental Physiology of Plants (1865), Julius Sachs referred to the multinucleate plasmodium of myxomycetes, which were considered at that time as primitive plants (or fungi). Today it is well established that myxomycetes are members of the Amoebozoa (Protista). In this study we compare the mobility of myxamoebae of 3 European species, Lycogala epidendrum (order Liceales), Tubulifera arachnoidea, and Trichia decipiens (order Trichiales). Using agar plates, on which 3 separate bacterial species were cultivated as prey organisms (Methylobacterium mesophilicum, Escherichia coli, Agrobacterium tumefaciens), we document large differences in cell motility between the myxomycetes investigated. In addition, we show that the 3 species of myxamoebae can be distinguished based on their average cell size. These data shed light on the mode of co-occurrence via differential substrate utilization in these members of the Amoebozoa.

  18. Teju Cole's Nigeria and the open cities of New York and Brussels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Maver

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The novel Open City (2011 by the Nigerian-born and raised author Teju Cole isset in New York City, where he has lived since 1992. The narrator and protagonist of the book, the young Nigerian doctor Julius in is a veritable flâneur in the Big Apple, who is observing the rapidly changing multiethnic character of the city and meditating on (his history and culture, identity and solitude, and the world beyond the United States, with which it is interconnected through the global history of violence and pain. He is juxtaposing the past and the present, the seemingly borderless open city of New York, Nigeria, and the various European locales, particularly Brussels.Thenovel, although set in the United States, is constantly interspersed with his recollections of his past experiences conditioned by hiscomplex hybrid Nigerian-European-American identity.

  19. Ernst Kris. Le Style rustique

    OpenAIRE

    Darragon, Eric

    2012-01-01

    Surtout connu en français pour son ouvrage sur L’Image de l’artiste écrit en collaboration avec Otto Kurz, l’auteur de Style rustique —titre subtilement inopérant et dissonant par rapport à Heinrich Wölfflin ou W. Friedländer— mérite de trouver sa place parmi les maîtres de l’école de Vienne. Disciple de Julius von Schlosser, Ernst Kris est un esprit précoce qui s’intéresse à la sculpture et aux arts décoratifs. Il devient un excellent connaisseur de ces objets très présents dans les collecti...

  20. 威尔豪森对早期以色列历史的研究%Wellhausen's Study of Early Israel History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈贻绎

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the works and methodology of German biblical scholar Julius Wellhausen. His masterpeice is Prolegomena to the History of Israel. By summing up his predecessors' research work, he improved the well-known"documentary hypothesis".%威尔豪森最具代表性的作品是《以色列历史绪论》(Prolegomena to the History of Israel),最主要的贡献是立足于对前人学说总结的基础上,完善了著名的“五经四源”(Documentary Hypothesis)学说。他在以色列历史研究领域具有革命性的深远影响。

  1. The evil that men do-an open letter to President Obama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbins RA

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after 150 words. "The evil that men do lives after them; the good is oft interred with their bones". William Shakespeare. Julius Caesar, Act 3, Scene 2. Dear President Obama: Late in a second term, a President's attention often turns to framing their legacy. I suspect you are no exception and have given this considerable thought. You might wish to be remembered for the Affordable Care Act, even called Obamacare, which brought the US closer to universal healthcare coverage. However, I recall the end of President Clinton's second term a short 16 years ago. During that administration the Federal coffers were full; an unprecedented business boom occurred; and foreign entanglements that might have led to war were avoided. However, most of us do not remember those positives, but recall a White House intern and a certain blue dress. As pointed out by Shakespeare over 400 years ago powerful men are remembered not so ...

  2. The biochemistry of memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stock, Jeffry B; Zhang, Sherry

    2013-09-09

    Almost fifty years ago, Julius Adler initiated a program of research to gain insights into the basic biochemistry of intelligent behavior by studying the molecular mechanisms that underlie the chemotactic responses of Escherichia coli. All living organisms share elements of a common biochemistry for metabolism, growth and heredity - why not intelligence? Neurobiologists have demonstrated that this is the case for nervous systems in animals ranging from worms to man. Motile unicellular organisms such as E. coli exhibit rudimentary behaviors that can be loosely described in terms of cognitive phenomena such as memory and learning. Adler's initiative at least raised the prospect that, because of the numerous experimental advantages provided by E. coli, it would be the first organism whose behavior could be understood at molecular resolution.

  3. Saturn and How to Observe it

    CERN Document Server

    Benton, Julius L

    2005-01-01

    Saturn is the second largest planet in the solar system, and the only one with a spectacular ring system easily visible from Earth. Julius Benton's Saturn and How to Observe It provides a compendium of the latest information, amateur and professional images of Saturn. These images are followed by advice on how to observe Saturn using a variety of telescope apertures, color filters and magnifications. This text is a goldmine of information for all levels of amateur observers, from the beginner to the highly experienced. Brought to life by crisp color photographs, Saturn and How to Observe It is a modern comprehensive review of Saturn as a planet and its magnificent ring system. The book includes some of the latest detailed theories and physical descriptions of Saturn and its satellites. The techniques for observing Saturn are outlined in this book, giving the reader a thorough explanation of what they are viewing.

  4. The Captivating Beauty of the Divine Spark—Breslau and the Reception of Yehuda Halevi’s Sefer Kuzari (1877–1911

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohler George Y.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article follows the reception of the philosophy of Yehudah Halevi (1075–-1141 within the Breslau school of Jewish thought during the second half of the nineteenth century. Special focus is given to the discussion of Halevi in the writings of David Kaufmann and Julius Guttmann. Both scholars admire Halevi’s Sefer haKuzari because they discovered a certain analogy between his medieval project of an intellectual apology of Judaism and their own endeavors in Breslau to philosophically justify the existence of Judaism in modernity. In their point of view, Halevi has achieved his results, however, without forcing the wealth of traditional Jewish teachings into an artificial system of thought, as did Maimonides after him. Thus, Halevi became for the Breslau scholars a personal example of Jewish integrity, combining faithful adherence to Judaism with intellectual penetration of its doctrines.

  5. Noncommutative Gravity and Quantum Field Theory on Noncommutative Curved Spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Schenkel, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this PhD thesis is on applications, new developments and extensions of the noncommutative gravity theory proposed by Julius Wess and his group. In part one we propose an extension of the usual symmetry reduction procedure to noncommutative gravity. We classify in the case of abelian Drinfel'd twists all consistent deformations of spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmologies and of the Schwarzschild black hole. The deformed symmetry structure allows us to obtain exact solutions of the noncommutative Einstein equations in many of our models. In part two we develop a new formalism for quantum field theory on noncommutative curved spacetimes by combining methods from the algebraic approach to quantum field theory with noncommutative differential geometry. We also study explicit examples of deformed wave operators and find that there can be noncommutative corrections even on the level of free field theories. The convergent deformation of simple toy models is investigated and it is found that ...

  6. [Treatment of syphilis with malaria or heat].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhave, Jan Peter

    2016-01-01

    Until the end of the Second World War, syphilis was a common sexually transmitted infection. This stigmatising infectious disease caused mental decline, paralysis and eventually death. The history of syphilis was given public attention because of 'malaria therapy', which had been applied from the First World War onwards in patients with paralytic dementia. In 1917, the Austrian physician Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940) induced fever in these patients by infecting them with malaria parasites; in 1927, he received the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the healing properties of malarial fever. One source, not cited anywhere, is an interview that the American bacteriologist and science writer/medical journalist Paul de Kruif conducted with Wagner-Jauregg in 1930. The reporting of this meeting, and De Kruif's later involvement in the mechanical heat treatment of patients with syphilis, form the inspiration for this article. When penicillin became available, both treatments became obsolete.

  7. Berengario da Carpi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Santo, N G; Bisaccia, C; De Santo, L S; De Santo, R M; Di Leo, V A; Papalia, T; Cirillo, M; Touwaide, A

    1999-01-01

    Berengario da Carpi was magister of anatomy and surgery at the University of Bologna from 1502 to 1527. Eustachio and Falloppia defined him as 'the restaurator of anatomy'. He was a great surgeon, anatomist and physician of illustrious patients including Lorenzo II dei Medici, Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, Galeazzo Pallavicini, Cardinal Colonna, and Alessandro Soderini. He had strong links to the intellectuals of his time (Forni, Bonamici, Manuzio, Pomponazzi) as well as with the Medici family. He was respected by the Popes Julius II, Leo X and Clement VII. His main contributions are the Isogogae Breves, De Fractura calvae sive cranei, and the illustrated Commentaria on the Anatomy of Mondino de Liucci, a textbook utilized for more than 200 years, which Berengario aimed to restore to its initial text. The Commentaria constitutes the material for the last part of this paper which concludes with a personal translation of some passages on 'The kidney', where the author gives poignant examples of experimental ingenuity.

  8. 西方史上代价高昂de八大艳遇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    古罗马皇帝朱里斯·恺撒(Julius·Caesar)与埃及王后克莉奥帕特(Cleopatra VII)//古罗马统帅马克·安东尼(Mark·Antony)与埃及王后克莉奥帕特拉(Cleopatra VII)//湿莎(Windsor)公爵与歌剧演员沃丽斯·沃菲尔德//美国第35任总统 约翰·菲茨杰拉德·肯尼迪(John·Fitzgerald·Kennedy)与玛丽莲·梦露(Harilyn·Monroe)//美国第42任总统比尔·克林顿(William·Jefferson·Clinton)与莫妮卡·莱温斯基(Monica·Lewinski)

  9. About furniture. Before and after Ptolomaeus Philadelphos' pavilion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Calandra

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The furniture is of primary importance towards the canopies definition, more than the architectonic structure: they  contribute, in fact, in creating and organizing the spaces, so that there is almost no distinction between furniture and structure, as it is possible to observe in the ancient sources of different periods (Herodotus, Euripides, Julius Caesar, Plutarchus, Athenaeus: the pavilions of Xerxes at Plataia, of Ion at Delphi, of Alexander after the Issa battle and at Susa, of Pompey at Pharsalos, as well as the Ptolomaeus's canopy at Alexandria. At the same time, the furniture language is studied, signifying the power and the force of the sovereign through the luxurious materials and surprising the spectators.      At the end, some hypotheses on the final destination of the furniture, after dismantling the Ptolomaeus' canopy, equiped for one year.

  10. [The early reception of the notion of schizophrenia of Eugen Bleuler in Austria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Eberhard

    2012-01-01

    The 100th anniversary of Eugen Bleulers "Dementia praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien" (Dementia praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien. Leipzig: Deuticke; 1911) motivates a retrospective description of the early reception of the word and its meaning. It occurred in two phases: 1911-1914 (focus of that paper) and 1918-1929. The protagonists were Erwin Stransky (mainly in the first phase), Josef Berze (mainly in the second), Julius Wagner-Jauregg and Carl Meyer, leading motives criticisms of the further expansion of the earlier Kraepelinian notion of dementia praecox and of Bleulers' psychoanalytical interpreting of the disorder, but acceptance of the neologism 'schizophrenia' because of its meaning ("dissociative character") and the possibility to derive an adjective. The new word replaced the old denomination after world war I during the 1920s.

  11. Unheimlich. From Wax Figures to the Uncanny Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Conte

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In his pioneering History of Portraiture in Wax, Julius von Schlosser traced back the age-old history of a material which at that time seemed to be already antiquated, if not obsolete. Wax sculptures were rejected and ousted from art history because of their excessive similarity and adherence to models. One hundred years later, however, hyperrealism got its revenge with Maurizio Cattelan’s celebrated hanging children. Moving from that controversial artwork and focusing on the heated polemics over it, my paper will address the question of the well-known Unheimlichkeit of wax figures, investigated by Ernst Jentsch and Sigmund Freud in the early Twentieth Century and nowadays becoming increasingly topical thanks to the recent debate about the existence and nature of the so called Uncanny Valley.

  12. Active predation by Greenland shark Somniosus microcephalus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Julius; hedeholm, Rasmus; Simon, Malene

    2013-01-01

    Dansk Havforskermøde 2013 Julius Nielsen, Rasmus Hedeholm, Malene Simon og John Fleng Steffensen The Greenland shark is ubiquitous in the northern part of the North Atlantic ranging from eastern Canada to northwest Russia . Although knowledge is scarce it is believed to be abundant and potentially...... important part of the ecosystem. Whether Greenland sharks in general should be considered opportunistic scavengers or active predators is therefore important in understanding ecosystem dynamics. Due to its sluggish appearance and a maximum reported swimming speed of 74 cm per second scavenging seems...... the most likely feeding strategy. However, recent studies suggest that Greenland sharks in some areas feed actively upon seals . Feeding ecology is poorly described in Greenland waters. In this study we provide information on feeding habits of 29 sharks caught in Greenland waters in the summer 2012...

  13. Voice-Controlled Artificial Handspeak System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Gatti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A man-machine interaction project is described whic h aims to establish an automated voice to sign language translator for communication with the deaf using integrated open technologies. The first prototype consists of a robotic hand designed with OpenSCAD and manufactured with a low-cost 3D printer which smoothly reproduces the alphabet of the sign language controlled by voice only. The core automation comprises an Arduino UNO controller used to activate a set of servo motors that follow instructions from a Raspberry Pi mini-computer havi ng installed the open source speech recognition eng ine Julius. We discuss its features, limitations and po ssible future developmen

  14. 近代天主教在河南九个教区的形成与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志庆

    2005-01-01

    据教会史记载,天主教最早传人河南省大约在1613-1625年间,此间,意大利神父艾儒略(Julius Alani)、郭居静(Lazarus Cattaneo)和法国神父金尼阁(Nicolauss Trigault)等人都曾到过河南省会开封。不过,他们当时来河南的目的主要是访问居住在开封的犹太人,而不是为了传教,停留的时间都很短暂。

  15. Cães e preconceito na África do Sul: um diálogo entre literatura e etnografia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonádia Borges

    Full Text Available Resumo: Coadunando ficção literária e etnográfica, o presente artigo toma como inspiração o romance Disgrace de Coetzee, os chamados discursos de ódio atribuídos a Julius Malema e a experiência dos moradores de fazenda na região de Kwazulu-Natal para problematizar disputas entre “ideais de existência” que têm cães como mediadores. O objetivo aqui é atentar para o efeito epistemológico que o entendimento das trocas de insultos por meio dos animais pode ter sobre nossa compreensão do racismo na África do Sul e alhures, e sobre o papel da antropologia a esse respeito.

  16. In memoriam: Wolfgang Kiowski, M.D. (1949-2012)--pioneer in clinical endothelin research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Matthias; Schiffrin, Ernesto L

    2014-11-24

    Wolfgang Kiowski, M.D. (1949-2012) was a German physician-scientist who made exemplary contributions to clinical research in human physiology, heart failure, arterial hypertension, and endothelin science. His academic career took him from Heinz Losse, M.D. at the University of Münster, Germany, to the University of Michigan, U.S.A., to work with Stevo Julius, M.D. In 1979, Kiowski was recruited to the University of Basel in Switzerland and ultimately moved to the Hospital of the University of Zürich in Switzerland. Twenty years ago, Kiowski published a landmark study pioneering the use of endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) in patients (Lancet 1995; 346: 732-736), which introduced a new therapeutic principle to human medicine. During his career, he published numerous studies in the area of pathophysiology, clinical pharmacology (particularly calcium channel blockers, ERAs, and PDE5 inhibitors), heart failure, cardiac transplantation, coronary artery disease, and many case reports from his clinical work. Kiowski was an active mentor and trained many young physicians and physician-scientists. He died unexpectedly in Zürich during the planning stages of the Thirteenth International Conference on Endothelin to be held in Tokyo in 2013. This article summarizes Kiowski's achievements, his role as a mentor and as the human being he was. He will be remembered as a role model of an outstanding, curious clinician who was highly successful as a physician, scientist, and teacher, and at the same time managed to enjoy many hobbies and life with his family. Referring to Wolfgang Kiowski, the article closes with a "It can be done!"-message to young physician-scientists by Dr. Stevo Julius. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Relationship between

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN; Lide

    2001-01-01

    [1]Craig, H., Isotopic variations in meteoric waters, Science, 1961,133: 17020703.[2]Dansgaard, W., Stable isotope in precipitation, Tellus, 1964, 14(4): 436-468.[3]Merlivat, L., Jouzel, J., Global climate interpretation of the deuterium-oxygen 18 relationship for precipitation, J. Geophys.Res.. 1979, 84: 5029-5033.[4]Jouzel, J., Merlivat, L., Deuterium and oxygen-18 in precipitation: modeling of the isotope effects during snow formation.J. Geophys. Res., 1984, 89(D7): 11749-11757.[5]Sonntag, C., Klitzsch, E., Lohnert, E. P. et al., Palaeoclimatic information from deuterium and oxygen-18 in Carbon- 14-dated North Saharan groundwaters, in Isotope Hydrology, IAEA,Vienna, 1979, 569-581.[6]Armengaud, A., Koster, R. D., Jouzel, J. et al., Deuterium excess in Greenland snow: analysis with simple and complex models, J. Geophys. Res., 1998, 103(D8): 8947-8953.[7]Jouzel, J., Merlivat, L., Lorius, C., Deuterium excess in an East Antarctic ice core suggests higher relative humidity at the oceanic surface during the last glacial maximum, Nature, 1982, 299 (5885): 688-691.[8]Qin Dahe, Ren Jiawen, Wang Wenti, et al., Distribution of δD in 25 cm surface snow across the Antarctic, Science in China, Ser. B, 1992,22(7): 768-776.[9]Yao Tandong, Ding Liangfu, Pu Jianchen et al., Characteristic of δ 18O in snow and its relation with moisture sources in Tanggula Mountains, Tibetan Plateau, Chinese Science Bulletin (in Chinese), 1991, (20): 1570-1573.[10]Zhang Xinping, Shi Yafeng, Yao Tandong, Variational features of precipitation, δ 18O in Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.Science in China, Ser. D, 1995, 38(7): 854-864.[11]Zhang Xinping, Yao Tandong, Relations between weather systems affecting Tibetan Plateau and oxygen isotope in precipitation, Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology (in Chinese), 1995, 17(2): 125-131.[12]Tian Lide, Yao Tandong, Yang Zhihong, δ18O in precipitation and moisture sources upon the Tibetan Plateau, Cryosphere

  18. Representations of epilepsy on the stage: From the Greeks to the 20th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Michael; Hesdorffer, Dale C

    2016-04-01

    Epilepsy is a disorder that has been used by dramatists in various ways over the ages and therefore highlights the views of the disorder as people saw it at the time the plays were written and performed. In the 6th century BC, links between tragedy and epilepsy were developed by Greek playwrights, especially Euripides, in Iphigenia among the Taureans and Heracles where epilepsy and madness associated with extreme violence occur together. Both Heracles and Orestes have episodes after a long period of physical exhaustion and nutritional deprivation. During the Renaissance, Shakespeare wrote plays featuring different neurological disorders, including epilepsy. Epilepsy plays a crucial part in the stories of Julius Caesar and Othello. Julius Caesar is a play about politics, and Caesar's epilepsy is used to illustrate his weakness and vulnerability which stigmatizes him and leads to his assassination. Othello is a play about jealousy, and Othello, an outsider, is stigmatized by his color, his weakness, and his 'seizures' as a form of demonic possession. In modern times, Night Mother portrays the hard life of Jessie, who lives with her mother. Jessie has no friends, her father has abandoned the family, and she has no privacy and is ashamed. Stigma and social pressures lead her to commit suicide. Henry James' novella, The Turn of the Screw, portrays a governess with dream-like states, déjà vu, and loss of temporal awareness who has been sent to the country to look after two small children and ends up killing one. This novella was turned into an opera by Benjamin Britten. Most recently, performance art has been portraying epilepsy as the reality of a personally provoked seizure. Both Allan Sutherland and Rita Marcalo have purposely provoked themselves to have a seizure in front of an audience. They do this to show that seizures are just one disability. Whether this provokes stigma in audiences is unknown. Whether the performance artists understand the potential for

  19. COMMUNICATIONS

    CERN Document Server

    A. Petrilli

    2013-01-01

    The organisation of the Open Days at the end of September was the single biggest effort of the CMS Communications Group this year. We would like to thank all volunteers for their hard work to show our Point 5 facilities and explain science and technology to the general public. During two days more than 5,000 people visited the CMS detector underground and profited from the surface activities, which included an exhibition on CMS, a workshop on superconductivity, and an activity for our younger visitors involving wooden Kapla blocks. The Communications Group took advantage of the preparations to produce new CMS posters that can be reused at other venues. Event display images have been produced not just for this occasion but also for other exhibits, education purposes, publications etc. During the Open Days, Gilles Jobin, 2012 winner of CERN Collide@CERN prize, performed his Quantum show in Point 5, with the light installation of German artist Julius von Bismarck. Image 3: CERN Open Days at CMS wel...

  20. [Brief history of lead poisoning: from Egyptian civilization to the Renaissance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles-Osorio, María Ludivina; Sabath, Ernesto

    2014-01-01

    The exposition to lead in the Antiquity is one of the first environmental health risks in the history of the mankind. In the ancient cultures of Egypt, Crete and Sumer there was no reports of an important exposition to this metal. The first clinical data is described in the Corpus Hipocraticcus, however was Nicandrus of Colophon the first to make a thorough description of the clinical manifestations of this disease. There was an increase in the exposition to this metal in times of the Roman empire and even some researchers propose that Julius Cesar and Octavio had clinical manifestations associated with lead poisoning. Paul of Aegina in the 7th century (a.C.) describes the first epidemic associated with lead intoxication, however in the Middle Ages the use of lead decrease until the Renaissance period in which lead poisoning affects mostly painters, metal-smithers and miners. Some studies done in the ice-layers of Greenland showed that the environmental pollution by lead during the Roman empire and the Renaissance was important.

  1. Curriculum vitae of D. Mikuláš (Nicolas Russnák Theologian and liturgist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojtech Bohač

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available University professor D. Mikuláš Russnák came from a clerical family. His father, Pavol Russnák was a Catholic priest o f the Byzantine rite. His mother Many, originally itemed Brinszky, came from Varhaftovce, and was a daughter of a priest. Mikuláš Russnák was bom on 30 April 1878 in Sopkovce. He received the sacrament o f baptism and confirmation in Sopkovce on 7 May 1878. He had three siblings. His younger brother Pavol was a priest and doctor o f sacred theology. He was a vice-dean at the seminaiy in Prešov, and a canon and a parish priest in Zavadka. He died on 18 March 1943. Of his two sisters, Gizela was older and Etelka was younger than Mikuláš. Gizela married Viktor Leukanič, a Catholic priest o f the Byzantine rite in Klečenov. Etelka married Julius Szinyei-Merse, a lawyer. The children were brought up in file Catholic faith, as would be obvious for the family o f the Catholic priest. The family atmosphere o f devotion and catholicity remained an everlasting value for Mikuláš. His mother Jolana died on 7 June 1898 and his father Pavol died on 27 June 1921.

  2. Chiari畸形诊治的研究进展%Advancement of Chiari Malformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭逸龙; 伍益; 李智斌; 董家军; 钟鸣谷

    2013-01-01

    Chiari畸形又称小脑扁桃体下疝畸形,是一种先天性颅颈交界区畸形疾病,是以颅后窝容积缩小、小脑扁桃体向下进入椎管腔为主要病理学特征的先天性发育畸形.1891年奥地利病理学家Chiari首次详细介绍了菱脑畸形,定义脑积水、小脑扁桃体锥形楔状下疝,1896年补充报告14例并分为l、2型,认为是先天发育异常所致.1907年Julius Arnold补充为3、4型,并被命名为Arnold-Chiari malformation.本文对近年来Chiari畸形的相关研究综述如下.

  3. First results of investigations into causes of diseases of cultivated chamomile (Matricaria recutita L. in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gärber, Ute

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Diseases on cultivated chamomile have occurred in Germany since 2007, which have severely been affecting the crop yields. The causes of damage are very complex and have not been identified yet. Additionally to the damage in the stems caused by larvae, fungal pathogens are of relevance. Tests of the Julius Kühn-Institute first revealed that a new, not yet identified fungus is pathogenic to chamomile. Symptoms observed in infection tests like chlorosis, browning and black coloration of stems and leaflets were identical to those in the field. The fungus sporulated on diseased plant parts under the conditions of climatic chamber (20 °C to 22 °C and 12 hours of light, 122 μmol from 17 days after inoculation (dai and could be reisolated on agar plates. The identification, biology and epidemiology of the fungus as well as the specific harmful effect and interaction with other harmful factors, especially animal pests, are being studied presently in a project funded by the Agency for Renewable Resources (Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe, FNR. The goal is to develop sustainable plant protection concepts based on the knowledge about the pathogens to enable a stable cultivation of chamomile in Germany.

  4. Quantum Calorimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahle, Caroline Kilbourne; McCammon, Dan; Irwin, Kent D.

    1999-01-01

    Your opponent's serve was almost perfect, but you vigorously returned it beyond his outstretched racquet to win the point. Now the tennis ball sits wedged in the chain-link fence around the court. What happened to the ball's kinetic energy? It has gone to heat the fence, of course, and you realize that if the fence were quite colder, you might be able to measure that heat and determine just how energetic your swing really was. Calorimetry has been a standard measurement technique since James Joule and Julius von Mayer independently concluded, about 150 years ago, that heat is a form of energy. But only in the past 15 years or so has calorimetry been applied, at millikelvin temperatures, to the measurement of the energy of individual photons and particles with exquisite sensitivity. In this article, we have tried to show that continuing research in low-temperature physics leads to a greater understanding of high-temperature astrophysics. Adaptations of the resulting spectrometers will be useful tool for fields of research beyond astrophysics.

  5. A style study of the Apostle Paul’s communication with Festus and Agrippa: The use of literary Koine Greek in Acts 25:14–22; 26:1–29

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida B. Spencer

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article defines style, stylistics and literary koine Greek and analyses the literary koine Greek employed in Luke’s recording of the Apostle Paul’s court case at Caesarea in Acts 25:14– 22; 26:1–29. The principles and methodology in stylistics are explained and an overview of some of the style studies in the last 30 years is made. Paul demonstrates a literary style of Greek when speaking with Festus and Agrippa. Stylistics defines ‘style’ as the choices an author makes (whether conscious or subconscious amongst linguistic possibilities (usually but not always a choice amongst grammatical possibilities. In grammatical studies, rhetoric is the manner of writing. Style study helps to observe the author’s emphasis, analogies and message, and helps with the appreciation of communication.Keywords: style, stylistics, rhetorical criticism, literary criticism, figures of speech, imagery, genre, metaphor, literary koine, optative mood, Apostle Paul, Luke, Marcus Julius Agrippa II, Julia Berenice, Porcius Festus, Theophilus, Longinus, aesthetic effects

  6. Epilepsy: A Disruptive Force in History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Rohaid; Connolly, Ian D; Feroze, Abdullah H; Awad, Ahmed J; Choudhri, Omar A; Grant, Gerald A

    2016-06-01

    Since it was first described in a Mesopotamian text in 2000 bc, countless individuals have offered their perspectives on epilepsy's cause, treatment, and even deeper spiritual significance. However, despite the attention the disease has received through the millennia, it has only been within the past half-century that truly effective treatment options have been available. As a result, for the vast majority of recorded history, individuals with epilepsy have not only had to deal with the uncertainty of their next epileptic seizure but also the concomitant stigma and ostracization. Interestingly, these individuals have included several prominent historical figures, including Julius Caesar, Vladimir Lenin, and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. The fact that epilepsy has appeared in the lives of influential historical people means that the disease has played some role in affecting the progress of human civilization. Epilepsy has cut short the lives of key political leaders, affected the output of talented cultural icons, and, especially within the past half century, influenced the collective understanding of neuroscience and the human nervous system. In this article, the authors review how epilepsy throughout history has manifested itself in the lives of prominent figures and how the disease has helped shape the course of humanity's political, cultural, and scientific evolution.

  7. Ernst Gombrich: Iconology and the “linguistics of the image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Woodfield

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a product of work in progress on understanding Ernst Gombrich’s Viennese roots and the paradox that despite being the world’s most famous art historian he had comparatively little impact on the practice of the discipline. It is argued that this was, in part, because he was a commentator on the practice of art history rather than the exponent of a method. It was also because his preferred medium was the invited lecture rather than the peer-reviewed article or book. His interest in the ‘linguistics of the image’ was inspired by Julius von Schlosser and his contribution to that topic has been little understood in the Anglophone community because he worked from within a Viennese sematological framework, originating with Heinrich Gomperz’s ‘Ueber einige psychologische Voraussetzungen der naturalistischen Kunst’ and culminating in Bühler’s Sprachtheorie, that did not match the semiotic theories of Saussure and Peirce. However, he was not systematic and he is open to the criticism that he misunderstood or misrepresented Bühler’s Organonmodell der Sprache; in this he was in company with Karl Popper. The paper concludes by considering his essays in Symbolic Images as a flawed application of Bühler’s model.

  8. The No ‘Ought’ From ‘Is’ Argument: Faulty Thinking in Ethics and Social Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Doughney

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available According to Hilary Putnam, the ‘moral is clear: when we are dealing with any important value disagreement, we assume facts are irrelevant at our peril. No convincing logical reason can be given for the logical irrelevance of fact to value judgements, even if we accept the positivist conception of what a “fact” is.’ (2002, p. 78 This paper explores why the dichotomies engendered by the ‘positivist’ approach – fact/value, positive/normative and descriptive/evaluative – are false. The main reason, the paper argues, is that the fundamental principle underlying the approach fails. This principle, the ‘no ought from is argument’ (or the NOFIA, is the formally structured argument that a value (ought cannot logically be derived from a fact (is. The paper rejects the NOFIA and, especially, its iconic status in economics. Using criticisms of the NOFIA by John Searle, Amartya Sen, Hilary Putnam, Vivian Walsh and Julius Kovesi, as well as the critical realist method of explanatory critique, the paper argues for a form of moral realism.

  9. Perception of the Relevance of Organic Chemistry in a German Pharmacy Students’ Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehle, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To investigate German pharmacy students’ attitudes toward the relevance of organic chemistry training in Julius Maximilian University (JMU) of Würzburg with regard to subsequent courses in the curricula and in later prospective career options. Methods. Surveys were conducted in the second-year organic chemistry course (50 participants) as well as during the third-year and fourth-year lecture cycle on medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry (66 participants) in 2014. Results. Students’ attitudes were surprisingly consistent throughout the progress of the degree course. Students considered organic chemistry very relevant to the pharmacy study program (95% junior and 97% senior students), and of importance for their future pharmacy program (88% junior and 94% senior students). With regard to prospective career options, the perceived relevance was considerably lower and attitudes were less homogenous. Conclusions. German pharmacy students at JMU Würzburg consider organic chemistry of high relevance for medicinal chemistry and other courses in JMU’s pharmacy program. PMID:27170811

  10. [Deficiency, disability, neurology and literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado-Vázquez, Susana; Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Roberto; Jiménez-Antona, Carmen; Muñoz-Hellín, Elena

    2012-08-01

    Literature has always been attracted to neurological pathologies and the numerous works published on the subject are proof of this. Likewise, a number of physicians have been fiction writers and have drawn on their scientific knowledge to help develop their stories. The study addresses the appearance of neurological pathologies in a sample of literary works and examines the description of the disease, its treatment, the patient's view and the relationship between healthcare professionals and the socio-familial milieu. We review some of the greatest literary works of all times that deal with neurological pathologies, such as Don Quixote, Julius Caesar, David Copperfield, The Idiot or Miau, and many of them are seen to offer a very faithful portrayal of the disease. Similarly, we have also reviewed works that provide a personal account of life with neurological diseases and the ensuing disability written either by the patients themselves or by their relatives, examples being The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, My Left Foot or One Chance in a Thousand. Literature has helped to offer a realistic vision of neurologically-based pathologies and the healthcare professionals who work with them; there are many examples that portray the experiences of the patients themselves and the importance of support from the family is a feature that is constantly underlined.

  11. Exploring story grammar structure in the book reading interactions of African American mothers and their preschool children: a pilot investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Yvette R; Rothstein, Susan E

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was to identify the book reading behaviors and book reading styles of middle class African American mothers engaged in a shared book reading activity with their preschool children. To this end, the mothers and their children were videotaped reading one of three books, Julius, Grandfather and I, or Somewhere in Africa. Both maternal and child behaviors were coded for the frequency of occurrence of story grammar elements contained in their stories and maternal behaviors were also coded for their use of narrative eliciting strategies. In addition, mothers were queried about the quality and quantity of book reading/story telling interactions in the home environment. The results suggest that there is a great deal of individual variation in how mothers use the story grammar elements and narrative eliciting strategies to engage their children in a shared book reading activity. Findings are discussed in terms of suggestions for additional research and practical applications are offered on ways to optimally engage African American preschool children and African American families from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds in shared book reading interactions.

  12. CREATIVE COLLISIONS: ARTS @CERN

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    In 2000, CERN hosted Signatures of the Invisible – one of the landmark initiatives in arts and science. In 2012, CERN is now initiating its own science/arts programme Collide@CERN in different arts disciplines. The first of these is in digital arts, and the international competition to find the winning artist is called the Prix Ars Electronica Collide@CERN. It was announced September 2011 at CERN’s first collaboration with an international arts festival – Ars Electronica in Linz. The competition attracted over 395 entries from 40 countries around the world. The winning artist, Julius Von Bismarck, will begin his two month residency here at CERN next month. Ariane Koek who leads on this initiative, discusses the residency programme, as well as the background about Art@CERN. History has shown that particle physics and the arts are great inspiration partners. The publication of the paper by Max Planck which gave birth to quantum mechanics as well as those by Einstein, heavily influenced some of the grea...

  13. Fitness to stand trial under international criminal law: the historical context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freckelton, Ian; Karagiannakis, Magda

    2014-06-01

    Decision-making about fitness to stand trial and the consequences of a finding of unfitness are fundamental to the integrity of any criminal justice system. They create thresholds for when mentally and physically unwell people are mandated to participate in criminal proceedings and they address the outcomes of such decisions for unwell accused persons. The jurisprudence relating to fitness to stand trial under international criminal law has particular challenges and complexities. The origins of contemporary controversies and the bases for modern decisions lie in rulings by the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War. The decisions relating to Gustav Krupp, Rudolf Hess, Julius Streicher and Shumei Okawa wrestled with issues that have since recurred in respect of how trial systems should respond to unwellness going to the heart of whether persons can participate meaningfully in their own trials but dealing too with the temptation for persons accused of matters as serious as crimes against humanity and genocide to malinger, exaggerate symptomatology and to generate delays for strategic objectives.

  14. Contribución al estudio de la difusión de la Cosmografía de Julio Honorio en la península Ibérica

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    Penelas, Mayte

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is a contribution to the knowledge of the diffusion of Julius Honorius' Cosmography in the Iberian Peninsula, through an analysis of the version included in the Kitāb Hurūšiyūš —the interpolated Arabic translation of Orosius' Histories against the Pagans—, and through comparing this text with the other Spanish testimonies of the Cosmography: the Codex Ovetensis of the library of El Escorial, the Crónica de Albelda, and the Crónica Pseudo Isidoriana.Este trabajo pretende ser una contribución al conocimiento de la difusión peninsular de la Cosmografía de Julio Honorio, a través del análisis de la versión incluida en el Kitāb Hurūšiyūš—traducción árabe interpolada de las Historias contra los paganos de Orosio— y de la comparación de este texto con los otros testimonios hispanos de la Cosmografía: el Códice Ovetense de El Escorial, la Crónica de Albelda y la Crónica Pseudo Isidoriana.

  15. ‘Dvořák’s Pupil Johannes Wilde (1891–1970’ originally published in umění LX (2012, 101-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Ciulisová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study is concerned with Max Dvořak’s pupil Johannes Wilde (1891-1970, who remains well-known as an illustrious scholar of Italian Renaissance Art. Wilde studied art history in Budapest, Freiburg im Breisgau, and Vienna. He completed his studies with Max Dvořák in 1918. In 1923 Wilde joined the staff of the Kunsthistorisches Museum. Daily contact with original works of art offered him the opportunity to study fundamental problems related to artistic materials and techniques. It should be noted that he was among the first to recognise the potential of X-radiography for connoisseurship. After the Nazi Annexation of Austria in 1938, Wilde and his wife, art historian Julia Gyarfás, left the country. In London he was able to study the collection of Michelangelo drawings at the British Museum and the catalogue he published in 1953 is one of his greatest scholarly achievements. Like Dvořák, Wilde was also an influential teacher and mentor. He taught generations of Courtauld students, including John Shearman, Michael Hirst, John White, Andrew Martindale, and Michael Kitson, all of whom became influential teachers and scholars. Through Wilde the legacy of Max Dvořák and Julius von Schlosser was transmuted into its own distinctive mode which came to be widely and internationally recognized.

  16. La palabra de Alfredo Bryce Echenique

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    César Ferreira

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo realizaremos una lectura panorámica del universo narrativodel escritor Alfredo Bryce Echenique. Podría decirse que toda la obra de Bryce se fundamenta en dos grandes ejes temáticos. Por un lado, Bryce es uno de los grandes cronistas de la burguesía peruana en novelas como Un mundo para Julius, No me esperen en abril y El huerto de mi amada. Por otro, una parte importante de su quehacer novelístico desde Tantas veces Pedro (1977 en adelante ha explorado la idiosincrasia de la identidad peruana ubicando a sus personajes en un mundo cultural ajeno al propio y viviendo un singular exilio. Todas las novelas de Bryce examinan la psicología del sujeto desclasado, antiheroico y solitario, que a menudo vive intensas experiencia sentimentales que subrayan su desarraigo en el mundo. La obra de Bryce exhibe siempre una voz propia para narrar, caracterizada por una oralidad siempre expansiva y envolvente y el despliegue de un humor irónico, corrosivo y revelador.

  17. Sillaraamatutest Soome poolt vaadates : ¡ Aino Kallas ja Urho Kekkonen / Sirje Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Sirje, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Soome ja Eesti kultuuri- kirjandussuhetest läbi aja. Aino Kallase ja Krohnide kohta ilmunud uurimustest: Kukku Melkas. Historia halu ja Hedon käärme Aino Kallaksen tuotannossa (2006) ; Maarit Leskelä-Kärki. Kirjoittaen maailmassa. Krohnien sisarat ja kirjallinen elämä (2006); Pertti Lassila. Ihanteiden isänmaa. Julius Krohnin romanttinen fennomania ja kirjallisuus (2004). Eesti-Soome ühiste kirjandusseminaride kogumikest: Võimu võrgud ja vaimu kavalus = Vallan verkot ja hengen neurokkuus (1994); Mõtle luulest = Luule runosta (1996); Taasleitud aeg = Kadonneen ajan arvoitus (2000); Kaks teed kaasaega = Kaksi tietä nykyisyyteen (1999); Viron kirjallisuus vuosituhannen vahteessa. Postmodernia ja modernia (2000); Ametlik poliitika, mitteametlik suhtlemine. Soome ja Eesti suhete pöördekohti 1860-1991 = Virallista politiikkaa - epävirallista kanssakäymistä: Suomen ja Viron suhteiden käännekohtia 1860-1991 (1997); Soome ja Eesti. Koos ja eraldi = Suomi ja Viro. Yhdessä ja erikseen (1998); Hingesild = Sielunsilta (1998); Tartu = Tartto. Kirjailijan kaupunki (2003); Eesti. Mõisate, kirikute ja lilleväljade maa = Viro. Kartanoiden, kirkkojen ja kukkaketojen maa (2004)

  18. Ambiguous cells: the emergence of the stem cell concept in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maehle, Andreas-Holger

    2011-12-20

    This paper elucidates the origins of scientific work on stem cells. From the late nineteenth century onwards, the notion of stem cells became customary in scientific communities of Imperial Germany. Adopting the term Stammzelle from Ernst Haeckel, Theodor Boveri was influential in introducing the concept in embryological studies and early genetics around 1900, describing a capacity of stem cells for self-renewal as well as differentiation. At the same time, blood stem cells were conceptualized by histologists such as Ernst Neumann and Artur Pappenheim in studies of physiological haematopoiesis and various forms of leukaemia. Furthermore, building on Julius Cohnheim's theory that tumours arise from 'embryonic remnants' in the adult body, pathologists aimed at identifying the cells of origin, particularly in the embryo-like teratomas. Embryonic stem cells thus assumed an ambiguous status, partly representing common heritage and normal development, and partly being seen as potential causes of cancer if they had been left behind or displaced during ontogeny. In the 1950s and 1960s experimental research on teratocarcinomas by Leroy Stevens and Barry Pierce in the USA brought together the strands of embryological and pathological work. Alongside the work of Ernest McCulloch and James Till at the Ontario Cancer Institute from the early 1960s on stem cells in haematopoiesis, this led into the beginnings of modern stem cell research.

  19. From Goethe's plant archetype via Haeckel's biogenetic law to plant evo-devo 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niklas, Karl J; Kutschera, Ulrich

    2017-06-01

    In 1790, the German poet Johann W. v. Goethe (1749-1832) proposed the concept of a hypothetical sessile organism known as the 'Plant Archetype,' which was subsequently reconstructed and depicted by 19th-century botanists, such as Franz Unger (1800-1870) and Julius Sachs (1832-1897), and can be considered one of the first expressions of Evo-Devo thinking. Here, we present the history of this concept in the context of Ernst Haeckel's (1834-1919) biogenetic law espoused in his Generelle Morphologie der Organismen of 1866. We show that Haeckel's idea of biological recapitulation may help to explain why various phenomena, such as the ontogenetic transformations in the stellar anatomy of lycopods and ferns, the transition from primary to secondary anatomy of seed plants, the presence of unfused juvenile cone scale segments in the Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica), and the transition of C3- to C4-photosynthesis in the ontogeny of maize (Zea mays), appear to support his theories. In addition, we outline the current status of plant evolutionary developmental biology (Evo-Devo), which can be traced back to Haeckel's (1866) biogenetic law, with a focus on the model plant thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana).

  20. From Charles Darwin's botanical country-house studies to modern plant biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, U; Briggs, W R

    2009-11-01

    As a student of theology at Cambridge University, Charles Darwin (1809-1882) attended the lectures of the botanist John S. Henslow (1796-1861). This instruction provided the basis for his life-long interest in plants as well as the species question. This was a major reason why in his book On the Origin of Species, which was published 150 years ago, Darwin explained his metaphorical phrase 'struggle for life' with respect to animals and plants. In this article, we review Darwin's botanical work with reference to the following topics: the struggle for existence in the vegetable kingdom with respect to the phytochrome-mediated shade avoidance response; the biology of flowers and Darwin's plant-insect co-evolution hypothesis; climbing plants and the discovery of action potentials; the power of movement in plants and Darwin's conflict with the German plant physiologist Julius Sachs; and light perception by growing grass coleoptiles with reference to the phototropins. Finally, we describe the establishment of the scientific discipline of Plant Biology that took place in the USA 80 years ago, and define this area of research with respect to Darwin's work on botany and the physiology of higher plants.

  1. Data-based modelling of the Earth's dynamic magnetosphere: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. Tsyganenko

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the main advances in the area of data-based modelling of the Earth's distant magnetic field achieved during the last two decades. The essence and the principal goal of the approach is to extract maximum information from available data, using physically realistic and flexible mathematical structures, parameterized by the most relevant and routinely accessible observables. Accordingly, the paper concentrates on three aspects of the modelling: (i mathematical methods to develop a computational "skeleton" of a model, (ii spacecraft databases, and (iii parameterization of the magnetospheric models by the solar wind drivers and/or ground-based indices. The review is followed by a discussion of the main issues concerning further progress in the area, in particular, methods to assess the models' performance and the accuracy of the field line mapping. The material presented in the paper is organized along the lines of the author Julius-Bartels' Medal Lecture during the General Assembly 2013 of the European Geosciences Union.

  2. Legends about Legends: Abraham Eleazar's Adaptation of Nicolas Flamel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priesner, Claus

    2016-02-01

    This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius. Gervasius connects the Werckh with the legend of Nicolas Flamel by suggesting that it is based on the original, Jewish manuscript which helped Flamel to find the Stone of the Sages. Gervasius used various strategies to confer a sense of Jewish "authenticity" on these works, borrowing from contemporary (non-Jewish) perceptions of Jewish ritual, Hebrew language, and Christian Cabala. The Werckh also borrows and adapts a sequence of allegorical illustrations from those in pseudo-Flamel's Livre, and I compare the two sets of figures and, where possible, interpret them. I conclude that the later works in fact teach us far more about the state of alchemy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries than they do about either medieval alchemy or Judaism.

  3. Sillaraamatutest Soome poolt vaadates : ¡ Aino Kallas ja Urho Kekkonen / Sirje Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Sirje, 1954-

    2007-01-01

    Soome ja Eesti kultuuri- kirjandussuhetest läbi aja. Aino Kallase ja Krohnide kohta ilmunud uurimustest: Kukku Melkas. Historia halu ja Hedon käärme Aino Kallaksen tuotannossa (2006) ; Maarit Leskelä-Kärki. Kirjoittaen maailmassa. Krohnien sisarat ja kirjallinen elämä (2006); Pertti Lassila. Ihanteiden isänmaa. Julius Krohnin romanttinen fennomania ja kirjallisuus (2004). Eesti-Soome ühiste kirjandusseminaride kogumikest: Võimu võrgud ja vaimu kavalus = Vallan verkot ja hengen neurokkuus (1994); Mõtle luulest = Luule runosta (1996); Taasleitud aeg = Kadonneen ajan arvoitus (2000); Kaks teed kaasaega = Kaksi tietä nykyisyyteen (1999); Viron kirjallisuus vuosituhannen vahteessa. Postmodernia ja modernia (2000); Ametlik poliitika, mitteametlik suhtlemine. Soome ja Eesti suhete pöördekohti 1860-1991 = Virallista politiikkaa - epävirallista kanssakäymistä: Suomen ja Viron suhteiden käännekohtia 1860-1991 (1997); Soome ja Eesti. Koos ja eraldi = Suomi ja Viro. Yhdessä ja erikseen (1998); Hingesild = Sielunsilta (1998); Tartu = Tartto. Kirjailijan kaupunki (2003); Eesti. Mõisate, kirikute ja lilleväljade maa = Viro. Kartanoiden, kirkkojen ja kukkaketojen maa (2004)

  4. [«A most strange instance of illness in several siblings»--first description of a rare neurological disease in 1830?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nylenna, Magne; Breivik, Noralv; Heiberg, Arvid; Larsen, Øivind

    2016-03-15

    Was district medical officer Jensen the first doctor to describe patients with Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN) in Volda in 1830? A case series of four siblings with the same disease written by district medical officer Peter Jensen (1799-1832) in Aalesund in 1830, was published in the Norwegian medical journal Eyr in 1832. The children, who were healthy almost up to school age, developed dystonic involuntary movements and deformities in all extremities, lost their ability to speak and were emaciated before they died at around the age of nine years. Further information about the family and a fifth affected child has been found in the parish records. The clinical picture is consistent with Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN), a rare condition with basal ganglia iron deposition, described in 1922 by the German neuropathologists Julius Hallervorden (1882-1965) and Hugo Spatz (1888-1969). The disease was formerly called Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome, but because of the medical activities undertaken by these two researchers before and during the Second World War, this eponym is no longer recommended.

  5. Listening to the whispers of matter through Arabic hermeticism: new studies on The Book of the Treasure of Alexander.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonso-Goldfarb, Ana Maria; Jubran, Safa Abou Chahla

    2008-07-01

    The Jabirian Corpus refers to the K. Thahirat Al-'Iskandar, "The Book of the Treasure of Alexander" (hereafter BTA), as one of several forgeries suggesting that alchemical secrets were hidden in inscriptions in various places. The book was neglected until 1926, when Julius Ruska discussed it in his work on the Emerald Tablet, placing the BTA within the literature related to the development of Arabic alchemy. His preliminary study became an essential reference and encouraged many scholars to work on the BTA in the following decades. Some years ago, we completed the first translation of the BTA into a Western language. The work was based on the acephalous Escorial manuscript, which we identified as a fourteenth-century copy of the BTA. This manuscript is peculiar, as part of it is encoded. After finishing our translation, we started to establish the text of the BTA. At present, the text is in process of fixation--to be followed by textual criticism--and has been the main focus of a thorough study of ours on medieval hermeticism and alchemy. A sample of the work currently in progress is presented in this paper: an analysis of the variations between different manuscripts along with a study and English translation of its alchemical chapter.

  6. Quantum Calorimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahle, Caroline Kilbourne; McCammon, Dan; Irwin, Kent D.

    1999-01-01

    Your opponent's serve was almost perfect, but you vigorously returned it beyond his outstretched racquet to win the point. Now the tennis ball sits wedged in the chain-link fence around the court. What happened to the ball's kinetic energy? It has gone to heat the fence, of course, and you realize that if the fence were quite colder, you might be able to measure that heat and determine just how energetic your swing really was. Calorimetry has been a standard measurement technique since James Joule and Julius von Mayer independently concluded, about 150 years ago, that heat is a form of energy. But only in the past 15 years or so has calorimetry been applied, at millikelvin temperatures, to the measurement of the energy of individual photons and particles with exquisite sensitivity. In this article, we have tried to show that continuing research in low-temperature physics leads to a greater understanding of high-temperature astrophysics. Adaptations of the resulting spectrometers will be useful tool for fields of research beyond astrophysics.

  7. ‘A monumental step for Riegl and Schlosser in France’: Alois Riegl, Christopher S. Wood, Emmanuel Alloa, L’industrie d’art romaine tardive, trans. Marielène Weber, Sophie Yersin Legrand, Paris: Éditions Macula 2014 and Patricia Falguières, Les Cabinets d’art et de merveilles de la Renaissance tardive: Une contribution à l’histoire du collectionnisme, Paris: Éditions Macula 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Johns

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Two books are reviewed here: a French translation of Alois Riegl’s Spätrömische Kunstindustrie (1901 and Julius von Schlosser’s Kunst- und Wunderkammern der Spätrenaissance (1908. The first is supplemented by an introduction by Christopher S Wood and a postface by Emmanuel Alloa, Otto Pächt’s appendix to the second edition (1927, Riegl’s essay ‘Late Roman or oriental?’ and the entry for Alois Riegl in Schlosser’s essay on the Vienna School of art history (1934. The second is prefaced by Patricia Falguières ‘La société des objects’ and she also contributes a postface ‘Lire Schlosser aujourd’hui?’; it also has an abundance of notes. Both volumes have very high production values and are beautifully illustrated. The review focuses on the editorial commentary in the context of the interests and ambitions of both Riegl and Schlosser.

  8. UV-A/Blue-Light responses in algae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senger, Horst; Hermsmeier, Dieter

    1994-01-01

    All life on earth depends on light. A variety of photoreceptors capture the light for a wide range of reactions. Photosynthetic organisms absorb the light necessary for energy transformation and charge separation facilitating photosynthesis. In addition to the bulk pigments there is a great diversity of photoreceptors present in minute concentrations that control development, metabolism and orientation of plants and microorganisms. Based on its spectral absorbance, the well-studied phytochrome system acts in the RL (red light) region as well as in the UV-A/BL (blue light) region where the above mentioned reactions are mediated by a variety of photoreceptors whose natures are largely unknown. Phyllogenetically the UV-A/BL photoreceptors seem to be more ancient pigments that eventually were replaced by the phytochrome system. However, there are many reports that suggest a coaction between the UV-A/BL receptors and the phytochrome system. In several cases the UV-A/BL activation is the prerequisite for the phytochrome reaction. Historically it was the German botanist Julius Sachs who first discovered in 1864 that phototropism in plants was due to BL reactions. It took over 70 years until Bunning (1937) and Galston and Baker (1949) rediscovered the BL response. Since then, an ever-increasing attention has been paid to this effect. In this contribution, the general aspect of UV-A/BL responses and especially the responsiveness of algae will be covered.

  9. Data-based modelling of the Earth's dynamic magnetosphere: a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsyganenko, N. A.

    2013-10-01

    This paper reviews the main advances in the area of data-based modelling of the Earth's distant magnetic field achieved during the last two decades. The essence and the principal goal of the approach is to extract maximum information from available data, using physically realistic and flexible mathematical structures, parameterized by the most relevant and routinely accessible observables. Accordingly, the paper concentrates on three aspects of the modelling: (i) mathematical methods to develop a computational "skeleton" of a model, (ii) spacecraft databases, and (iii) parameterization of the magnetospheric models by the solar wind drivers and/or ground-based indices. The review is followed by a discussion of the main issues concerning further progress in the area, in particular, methods to assess the models' performance and the accuracy of the field line mapping. The material presented in the paper is organized along the lines of the author Julius-Bartels' Medal Lecture during the General Assembly 2013 of the European Geosciences Union.

  10. Reflexões sobre a contribuição da Carnot à primeira lei da termodinâmica Reflections on the contribution of Carnot to the first law of thermodynamics

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    Cássius K. Nascimento

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The classical interpretations of Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot on some physical principles involved in the operation of heat engines were fundamental to the development and formulation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Moreover, an accurate historical survey clearly reveals that Carnot was, by that time, also well aware about some new concepts, which were further worked out by other scientists to lead to what was, some time later, known as the mechanical equivalent of heat and the conservation of energy. Benoit Paul Émile Clapeyron recognized these original concepts in the first of Carnot´s monographs, published in 1824, but no explicit citation is found in any post-Carnot classical texts dealing with the First Law of Thermodynamics, including those by Julius Robert Mayer, James Prescott Joule and Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz. The main objective of the present work is to point out some historical evidences of the pioneering contribution of Carnot to the modern concept of the First Law of Thermodynamics.

  11. Hans Jacob and brain research on Hamburg "euthanasia" victims: "Awaiting further brains!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A

    2017-03-14

    Several neuropathologists conducted brain research on victims of so-called euthanasia programs carried out by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime in Germany from 1940 to 1945. Some published their results in German journals or books during and after the war. One of these neuropathologists was Hans Jacob of Hamburg, a former Nazi party member and the leader of the same laboratory previously run by Alfons Jakob (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). Though much has been published on the unethical actions of Jacob's fellow neuropathologist from Berlin, Julius Hallervorden, Jacob's actions were remarkably similar and have not been previously analyzed in the neuroscience literature. Jacob dissected at least 42 patient brains from euthanasia centers near Hamburg, and saved the specimens from at least 17 of them. He published a 1956 book chapter featuring 2 such specimens. Jacob was denazified, had a notable career, and never publicly addressed his actions during the war. His ethical violations may not have been on the same scale as Hallervorden's, but the effect of his work echoes to the modern era. As responsible researchers, we must always be conscious of the provenance of material provided and not succumb to opportunistic temptation despite the ethical consequences. © 2017 American Academy of Neurology.

  12. Viron kieli toisena kielenä -opetuksesta Tarton yliopistossa 1820-luvun lopulla

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    Heli Laanekask

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelissa tarkastellaan Tarton yliopiston teologianopiskelijan Wilhelm Julius Moritzin viron kielen luentomuistiinpanoja vuosilta 1828–1829. Luentomuistiinpanojen käsikirjoitus on tallennettu Tartossa olevaan Viron kirjallisuusmuseon kulttuurihistorialliseen arkistoon. Viron kielen lehtoraatti perustettiin Tarton yliopistoon syyskuussa 1803. Lehtorin tehtävänä oli viron kielen opettaminen saksankielisille opiskelijoille, tuleville pappismiehille. Tarton yliopiston viron kielen lehtorina toimi vuosina 1826–1837 Johann Samuel Friedrich Boubrig. Moritzin luentomuistiinpanojen avulla artikkelissa esitellään viron opetuksen sisältöä, opetuskirjallisuutta sekä opetuksessa käytettyjä metodeja. Boubrigin viro toisena kielenä -opetus on ollut vahvasti teoreettinen ja kielioppipainotteinen. Opetuskielenä on ollut saksa. Lehtori on yrittänyt luoda laajempaa näköalaa kielisukulaisuuteen. Hän on perehdyttänyt opiskelijansa käynnissä oleviin keskusteluihin viron kielen uudistamisesta. Käytännön kielitaito opiskelijan oli todennäköisesti hankittava ex usu.

  13. EPICURUS’ SECOND REMEDY: “DEATH IS NOTHING TO US”

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    P.E. Bjarnason

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Cowards die many times before their deaths;
    The valiant never taste of death but once.
    Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,
    It seems to me most strange that men should fear;
    Seeing that death, a necessary end,
    Will come when it will come.
    (Shakespeare, Julius Caesar II, ii, 32-37

    That death is complete extinction is the message forcefully driven home by the Epicurean analysis of the soul as a temporary amalgam of atomic particles . . . The moral corollary, that you should not let the fear of death ruin your life, is a cardinal tenet of Epicurean ethics. (Long and Sedley 1987:153

    The second remedy of the tetrapharmakos concerns the second of the two great fears to which man is subject: death. Frischer (1982:208 observes that the Epicureans regarded death as “more damaging to peace of mind than all other fears except fear of the gods”. The Epicurean position is stated clearly in the surviving writings of the Master, and it is necessary to go directly to the ipsissima verba as our starting point, and then to augment our understanding of Epicurus’ words with further passages from later Epicureans and other philosophers. In these writings we shall see that death, as the material dissolution of body and soul, is a process at once natural, inevitable, and final.

  14. Trauma and the state with Sigmund Freud as witness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danto, Elizabeth Ann

    Just before and after the end of World War I, Sigmund Freud took on an activist role and in his writings and speeches, redirected the concept of war trauma from individual failure to a larger issue of community responsibility. Testifying in Vienna as an expert witness for the state, Freud said that the military psychiatrists-not the soldiers-had "acted like machine guns behind the front" and were the "immediate cause of all war neurosis." Freud was called on by the legal community when Julius Wagner-Jauregg, a future Nobel Prize winner (and also future Nazi Party adherent), head of the municipal Clinic for Psychiatry and Nervous Diseases, was accused of the lethal use of electrotherapy on shell-shocked soldiers. As sociological as psychoanalytic in his responses, Freud's withering critique came just 2years after he avowed that "it is possible to foresee that the conscience of society will awake." That speech on the human right to mental health care affirmed Freud's alliance to the social democratic position and inspired the second generation of psychoanalysts to develop community-based clinics throughout Europe where treatment was free of cost, for war neurosis and beyond. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Impaired bone healing in multitrauma patients is associated with altered leukocyte kinetics after major trauma

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    Bastian OW

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Okan W Bastian,1 Anne Kuijer,1 Leo Koenderman,2 Rebecca K Stellato,3 Wouter W van Solinge,4 Luke PH Leenen,1 Taco J Blokhuis1 1Department of Traumatology, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, 3Department of Biostatistics and Research Support, Julius Center, 4Department of Clinical Chemistry and Hematology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands Abstract: Animal studies have shown that the systemic inflammatory response to major injury impairs bone regeneration. It remains unclear whether the systemic immune response contributes to impairment of fracture healing in multitrauma patients. It is well known that systemic inflammatory changes after major trauma affect leukocyte kinetics. We therefore retrospectively compared the cellular composition of peripheral blood during the first 2 weeks after injury between multitrauma patients with normal (n=48 and impaired (n=32 fracture healing of the tibia. The peripheral blood-count curves of leukocytes, neutrophils, monocytes, and thrombocytes differed significantly between patients with normal and impaired fracture healing during the first 2 weeks after trauma (P-values were 0.0122, 0.0083, 0.0204, and <0.0001, respectively. Mean myeloid cell counts were above reference values during the second week after injury. Our data indicate that leukocyte kinetics differ significantly between patients with normal and impaired fracture healing during the first 2 weeks after major injury. This finding suggests that the systemic immune response to major trauma can disturb tissue regeneration. Keywords: SIRS, inflammation, neutrophils, myelopoiesis, regeneration

  16. Humus: latent phase and reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennazio, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    The evolution of the concept of humus was in large part dependent on the development of the modern agriculture. This concept derived from the very old practice of manuring and, after a long period of empirical application, was first theorised by Albrecht Thaer, who recognised the organic and inorganic content as the nutritional elements of humus. The role of humus as nutrient was challenged by Carl Sprengel and Justus Liebig, who opposed successfully the mineral theory to the theory of humus. The research in the property of humus, however, continued thanks to agronomists and agricultural chemists during a period in which the mineral theory was consolidated by the first experiments of the hydroponic cultures performed by Julius Sachs and Wilhelm Knop, but several outstanding chemists and microbiologists continued the work initiated by Thaer, giving humus full physicochemical identity and function. In this context shone the figure of Selman Abraham Waksman, whose work was of fundamental importance to the subsequent research in humus, which is still in progress.

  17. Production of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against the Bacillus thuringiensis vegetative insecticidal protein Vip3Aa16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Hamadou-Charfi, Dorra; Sauer, Annette Juliane; Abdelkafi-Mesrati, Lobna; Jaoua, Samir; Stephan, Dietrich

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study is to establish a quantitative determination of the vegetative insecticidal protein Vip3A from the culture supernatant of Bacillus thuringiensis either by ELISA or by the conventional quantification method of the Western blot band. The Vip3A protein was produced by fermentation of the B. thuringiensis reference strain BUPM95 in 3 L. By Western blot, the Vip3Aa16 toxin was detected in the culture supernatant during the exponential growth phase of B. thuringiensis BUPM95. However, the detection of Vip3Aa16 on Western blot showed in addition to the toxin two other strips (62 and 180 kDa) recognized by the anti-Vip3Aa16 polyclonal antibodies prepared at the Centre of Biotechnology of Sfax Tunisia. For that reason and in order to develop a technique for reliable quantification of the toxin, we have considered the production of polyclonal antibodies at the Julius Kühn Institute, Germany. These antibodies were the basis for the production of monoclonal antibodies directed against the protein produced by the Vip3Aa16 recombinant strain Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). These monoclonal antibodies were tested by plate-trapped antigen (PTA) and triple antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (TAS-ELISA). The selection of hybridoma supernatants gave us four positive clones producing monoclonal antibodies.

  18. Dé/Reconstruction de figures historiques dans un contexte d’émergence : nationalisme égyptien

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    Laurence Denooz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In ‘Aṣā l-Ḥakīm, Tawfīq al-Ḥakim (1898–1983 rewrote the myths as well as the personal and public stories of famous male and female politicians from ancient times to the twentieth century. They all have in common the major role they played in the history of the nationalist struggle for political emancipation from Egypt and for the construction of a national identity. While some embody Egyptian nationalism (Cleopatra, Isis, Hatchepsout, and Nefertiti, for example, others symbolize the hold of the West (Mark Anthony and Julius Caesar and more specifically British domination (King Edward VIII, and others still represent nations allied to Egypt by their political or economic interests, like Hitler and Mussolini or even Napoleon Bonaparte, who, as the 'discoverer' of Egypt, is considered, due to his expedition, to have awakened consciences and allowed the cultural Nahḍa. Tawfīq al-Ḥakim reinterprets their actions according to Egypt's international position and more specifically to its attitude during the Second World War and the crises of the 1950s in the Near East.

  19. El foro romano de Termes (Hispania Citerior. Síntesis histórica, arqueológica y topográfica. S. I a. C.- s. II d. C.

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    Martínez Caballero, Santiago

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The urban development of the central public area of the Roman city of Termes (Hispania Citerior between the 1st century B.C and the 2nd century A.D. is linked to the progressive institutional transformation of the community and to its social and economic development. After the Bellum Sertorianum, the urban space previously occupied by the Celtiberian oppidum was used as a shrine related to one of the founding rites of the city, and which would become the origin of the forum. This area was refurbished during the Augustan era (31 B.C. – 14 A.D., when a temple was built that overlooked a communal area, although we are not aware of its general layout due to the progressive overlapping of structures in the zone. During the reign of Julius Claudius (14-37 A.D., a new public area was created, next to the earlier one, which was made up by an arched complex with a temple. This complex was part of a main public area, which was either a Julius Claudius Forum or just an urban sanctuary. Finally, during the Flavian era, from 75 A.D, the site of the Augustan forum would be transformed with the construction of a large scenographic and monumental agora, the Flavian Forum, a complex that would be both a forum and an Augusteum, a place for performances and a shrine for dynastic worship.La evolución urbanística del área pública central de la ciudad romana de Termes (Hispania Citerior entre el s. I a. C. y el s. II d. C. está conectada a la progresiva transformación institucional de la comunidad y a su desarrollo social y económico. Tras el Bellum Sertorianum el espacio urbano ocupado anteriormente por el oppidum celtibérico vio la creación de un santuario relacionado con un rito fundacional de la ciudad, elemento que constituirá el germen del foro. Esta área fue reformada en época augustea (31 a. C.-14 d. C., con la construcción de un templo que presidía un espacio foral, aunque desconocemos la configuración general de éste último, por la

  20. Moon-Struck: Artists Rediscover Nature And Observe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasachoff, Jay M.; Olson, Roberta J. M.

    We discuss rare early depictions of the Moon by artists who actually observed Earth's nearest neighbor rather than relying on stylized formulas. The earliest, from the 14th and 15th centuries, reveal that revolutionary advances in both pre-telescopic astronomy and naturalistic painting could go hand-in-hand. This link suggests that when painters observed the world, their definition of world could also include the heavens and the Moon. Many of the artists we discuss - e.g., Pietro Lorenzetti, Giotto, and Jan Van Eyck - actually studied the Moon, incorporating their studies into several works. We also consider the star map on the dome over the altar in the Old Sacristy of San Lorenzo, Florence (c. 1442), whose likely advisor was Toscanelli. In addition, we examine representations by artists who painted for Popes Julius II and Leo X - Raphael and Sebastiano del Piombo, both of whom were influenced by individuals at the papal court, such as the astronomer, painter, and cartographer Johann (Giovanni) Ruysch and Leonardo da Vinci. We also discuss Leonardo's pre-telescopic notes and lunar drawings as they impacted on art and science in Florence, where Galileo would study perspective and chiaroscuro. Galileo's representations of the Moon (engraved in his Sidereus Nuncius, 1610) are noted, together with those by Harriot and Galileo's friend, the painter Cigoli. During the 17th century, the Moon's features were telescopically mapped by astronomers with repercussions in art, e.g., paintings by Donati Creti and Raimondo Manzini as well as Adam Elsheimer. Ending with a consideration of the 19th-century artists/astronomers John Russell and John Brett and early lunar photography, we demonstrate that artistic and scientific visual acuity belonged to the burgeoning empiricism of the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries that eventually yielded modern observational astronomy.

  1. Kleiber's Law: How the Fire of Life ignited debate, fueled theory, and neglected plants as model organisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niklas, Karl J; Kutschera, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Size is a key feature of any organism since it influences the rate at which resources are consumed and thus affects metabolic rates. In the 1930s, size-dependent relationships were codified as “allometry” and it was shown that most of these could be quantified using the slopes of log-log plots of any 2 variables of interest. During the decades that followed, physiologists explored how animal respiration rates varied as a function of body size across taxa. The expectation was that rates would scale as the 2/3 power of body size as a reflection of the Euclidean relationship between surface area and volume. However, the work of Max Kleiber (1893–1976) and others revealed that animal respiration rates apparently scale more closely as the 3/4 power of body size. This phenomenology, which is called “Kleiber's Law,” has been described for a broad range of organisms, including some algae and plants. It has also been severely criticized on theoretical and empirical grounds. Here, we review the history of the analysis of metabolism, which originated with the works of Antoine L. Lavoisier (1743–1794) and Julius Sachs (1832–1897), and culminated in Kleiber's book The Fire of Life (1961; 2. ed. 1975). We then evaluate some of the criticisms that have been leveled against Kleiber's Law and some examples of the theories that have tried to explain it. We revive the speculation that intracellular exo- and endocytotic processes are resource delivery-systems, analogous to the supercellular systems in multicellular organisms. Finally, we present data that cast doubt on the existence of a single scaling relationship between growth and body size in plants. PMID:26156204

  2. 100th anniversary of the Fourth International Congress of Thalassotherapy in Opatija.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischinger, Ales; Fischinger, Dusa; Fischinger, Janez; Skrobonja, Ante

    2008-01-01

    The authors of the text have been particularly interested into the organization, the procedure,the accompanying activities as well as the themes covered at 4th International Congress of Thalassotherapy in Opatija in 1908. The Congress was organised by the then head of the thermal spa resort Professor Dr.Julius Glax. The official languages at the Congress were German, French, English, and also Italian and Croatian as the languages of the hosting country. Each lecturer had twenty minutes time to give a lecture or a co-lecture, ten minutes for papers and five for a follow-up discussion. The participants could make use of the information centre of the Congress, in the centre of Opatija, the whole day. Unofficially, the Congress started on 27th September 1908 with the introductory evening for all the participants in Adria Club. The Congress officially began on 28th September 1908 when all the participants gathered at the theatre hall of Hotel Stephanie. The lectures were presented in the morning. In the afternoon, the participants were taken to visit some exhibitions (e.g. the medical exhibition at Hotel Palace, the exhibition of the native Istrian-Dalmatian home crafts and antiquates and the painting exhibition at Vila Angiolina), a short sea voyage through the bay of Kvarner. On the last day of the Congress, the participants observed the sanitary conditions in Opatija (the water supply, the sewer system, litter incinerator, and quarantine for infectious illnesses), three sanatoriums, Zander's Institute, the rehabilitating-heart paths and the Archduke Ludwig-Viktor's indoor baths. The round-Opatija tour was followed by the concluding meeting and the conclusion of the Congress. The authors of this research have established that there are no important differences in the organization and realization of the congresses in the past and now.

  3. [German neurology and neurologists during the Third Reich: the aftermath].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, M; Fangerau, H; Karenberg, A

    2016-08-01

    The article discusses the consequences for neurology as a discipline which resulted from neurologists' participation in the crimes committed under National Socialism (NS). Chronologically, the current literature distinguishes mainly four overlapping stages: (1) a first phase was characterized by legal persecution and "denazification", which was also the time of the Nuremberg doctors' trial in which no neurologists were on trial. A detailed documentation of the trial for the German medical profession was published by Alexander Mitscherlich. (2) In the subsequent practice of wide amnestying and reintegration of former Nazi followers during the 1950s, neurologists were no exception as its elite continued in their positions. The year 1953 was the year of the Lisbon scandal, when chiefly Dutch representatives protested against the participation of Julius Hallervorden in the International Congress of Neurology. The newly founded societies, the German Society for Neurology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurologie, DGN) and the German Society for Psychiatry and Neurology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychiatrie und Neurologie, DGPN), unanimously supported their member. (3) The next period was characterized by a nascent criticism of the prevailing attitude of covering up the crimes committed by physicians during the Nazi period. The discovery of incriminating brain sections at various Max Planck Institutes brought neurology to the focus of the debate. (4) Since the 1980s and 1990s historians (of medicine) have been systematically examining medicine's Nazi past in a professional way, which resulted in a noticeable increase of knowledge. Additionally, a new generation of scholars provoked a change of mind insofar as they recognized medicine's responsibility for the crimes committed between 1933 and 1945. We expect that future historical research will further elucidate the history of neurology during the NS regime and have consequences for our current understanding of research

  4. Michelangelo's Apollo and pathos: an anatomical and anthropometric interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilloowala, Rumy

    2010-06-01

    Michelangelo was a complex personality with strong conflicting emotions. Most prevalent, in both his life and subsequently his work, were the contrasting feelings of grandeur (Apollo) and pathos. He used his extensive knowledge of anatomy to convey expressions of justice, power and awe in works like David, Moses, and Christ in the Last Judgment. In his more mature years he gravitates to works depicting suffering (pathos) and the physical decline of the human body as seen in the captives for the tomb of Pope Julius II and the female subjects in the Medici Chapel. The Renaissance belief in humanism, influenced by the study of antiquity, put man at the centre of the universe. Michelangelo, more than any other artist of the time, was an ardent exponent of this trend. His interest in the human body, though paramount, ranged far beyond the mere depiction of anatomical details or naturalism in art. The human body, which no artist since the ancient Greeks held in such high esteem, was the vehicle through which he sought to portray the inner life of the spirit. He was more interested in the universal spirit shining through the individual. It is this quality that enables him to speak to us across the boundaries of time and space. He never says, "I want you to recognize this man." Instead, he says, "I want you to recognize yourself and through yourself all mankind". Some of the outward manifestations of the life of the spirit were, to Michelangelo and to men of his time, beauty, justice, noble courage and awe-inspiring righteousness. It is not surprising, therefore, that two of the most important themes expressed in his art are Apollo (beauty and justice) and pathos (the spiritual struggle of man on earth) and that the sole form he deemed appropriate for embodiment of these lofty ideas was the human nude.

  5. Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

    2006-06-01

    Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and mineral processing operations. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Centre (JKMRC) in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through the optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify energy savings. In the current project, the primary objective is to adapt the JKMRC Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The second phase of this project is being carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry located south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. This quarry is owned by 3M Corporation and operated by Luck Stone. Based on lessons learned from the first phase work, long-term monitoring ({approx} three months) of all quarry operations is being carried out to minimize the impact of geological changes during the mining process. To date, the blasting and processing operations have been audited and modeled, the long-term monitoring of current Luck Stone practice has been completed, and a modified blasting approach has been implemented based on the results of simulations using JKSimBlast and JKSimPlant. The modified blasting approach is expected to increase the primary throughput by 15% and the secondary throughput by approximately 6%, with an overall specific energy reduction of around 1%. Long-term monitoring is currently underway to evaluate the impact the modified blasting approach. This report summarizes the current status of work at the Pittsboro Quarry.

  6. Korte signaleringen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry A. Poeze

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Maurits Ebben, Henk den Heijer en Joost Schokkenbroek (red., Alle streken van het kompas; Maritieme geschiedenis in Nederland; Opstellen over maritieme geschiedenis in Nederland; Aangeboden aan Femme S. Gaastra bij zijn afscheid als hoogleraar zeegeschiedenis aan de Universiteit Leiden Bert Manders, De ontdekking van tin op het eiland Billiton Marga C. Kerkhoven, Eduard Julius Kerkhoven; 20 Indische brieven 1860-1863 verzameld uit de Hunderensche Courant Herman Stapelkamp, Oorlog in Atjeh; Het journaal van luitenant-ter-zee Henricus Nijgh, 1873-1874 Henk Mak van Dijk en Carl Nix, Wajang foxtrot; Indië in klank en beeld Jaap Hoogenboezem, H.J. Kruls; Een politieke generaal Frans C. Hazekamp. Het laatste grote gevecht in Indië; Tweeduizend guerrilla’s vallen Solo aan, 7-10 augustus 1949; Wat voorafging, strijd, politieke implicaties en het optreden van de commandotroepen, aangevuld met informatie uit Indonesië Jet Bussemaker, Dochter van een kampkind; Ervaringen van een staatssecretaris met de oorlog in Nederlands-Indië. Carel Erasmus, De Soldaat achterna; Op avontuur met Soldaat van oranje Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema Carel Erasmus en Floris Meinardi, Soldaat voor Ambon; De geheime missie van Soldaat van Oranje Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema (1917-2007 Tjaal Aeckerlin, Paradijsvogels en kroonduiven; Indische Nederlanders in voormalig Nieuw-Guinea Jan Sloot, Hoe God verscheen in Papoea; Nederlandse franciscanen in Papoea 1937-1987 Gerorge Harinck en Gerrit R. de Graaf (red., Van zending naar oecumene; Vijftig jaar gereformeerde zending op Papua, 1956-2006 Emile Leushuis, Gids historische stadswandelingen Indonesië

  7. The Effect Of A Provisional Sequestration Order - Does It Impose A Limitation To My Right To Be A Member Of Parliament?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonie Stander

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The question asked in this article is inspired by the recent case of Mr Julius Malema. Why the matter is so important and has enjoyed so much attention, is the fact that it was widely suggested that a final order of sequestration would affect Mr Malema's political career in that it would not be possible for him to continue to serve as Member of Parliament. The question that immediately comes to the fore is whether the provisional order of sequestration would not already result in such an outcome. As stipulated by the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, an unrehabilitated insolvent may not become a member of the National Assembly, National Council of Provinces, or a Provincial Legislator. Do the words "unrehabilitated insolvent" also include a person who is under provisional sequestration? The purpose of this article is to investigate the effect of a provisional order of sequestration and the focus will be on the ability of an insolvent to act as a Member of Parliament. The legal position in the South African law will be compared with the legal position in the United States of America – which is, with regard to the insolvency law, recognized as a very successful, modern, progressive and dynamic legal system. Voluminous changes to the American bankruptcy law system, to adapt to current practical situations and the current economic climate, have been effected as recently as in 2005. Brief reference will also be made to the legal position in the United Kingdom, due to South Africa's historical ties with the UK and the reliance in the past on the English insolvency law and the Bankruptcy Act, 1986.

  8. Re-thinking the power transmission model for sub-Saharan Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sebitosi, A.B. [Center for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); Okou, R. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa)

    2010-03-15

    A vision for a United States of Africa has been advocated since the dawn of independence by, among others, pioneers like Kwame Nkrumah, Gamal Abdel Nasser and Julius Nyerere. More recently the idea gained new momentum, through such initiatives as the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) and the African Union (AU) to create a single market of Africa's 750 million people that is competitive within itself and within the global economy. This would be achieved through a deliberate, systematic and concerted effort to integrate, upgrade and modernize infrastructure that would offer the required catalyst for economic growth. However, the prioritization by African policy makers of a grand plan to link up the entire African continent's electric power grid networks would appear to be incompatible with 21st century thinking. The specifications for a centrally managed power grid were made by Nicola Tesla in 1883 and have served the power industry for over 125 years but are now obsolete in the era of digital micro-electronics and smart grid concepts. This paper examines some issues that surround the evolution of sub-Sahara African regional power pools and highlights the anomalies and perhaps wrong timing around the conceptualization and prioritization of grand inter-state power grids. The authors then propose an alternative model that conforms to a new and more sustainable paradigm in electricity supply economics. The proposals are however not meant to provide a panacea but it is hoped that the article will ignite a debate that will lead to a lasting solution. (author)

  9. Eternal Rome: Guardian of the Heavenly Gates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latura, G.

    2016-01-01

    The power of the Roman Empire did not come solely by way of brutal force. A spiritual vision inherited from the Greeks inspired the Romans—an ascent through the classical Planets to the intersections with the Milky Way, where stood the gates of heaven. This vision stretches back, through Macrobius and Cicero, to Plato's Republic and Timaeus. The Eternal City, capital of the Empire for four centuries, claimed control over the celestial portals, a tradition that is traced on Roman coins and medals over thousands of years. Julius Caesar borrowed enormous sums to campaign for the office of Pontifex Maximus—high priest of Rome—spending a fortune on “bread and circuses” to secure the support of the masses. Consolidating power at every turn, Caesar as dictator-for-life became absolute master of Rome, the city that, according to its coins, ruled the cosmos. Though his mortal frame fell to the knives of the senators, Caesar's soul was seen ascending to heaven as a comet. Thus was born the myth of Divvs Ivlivs—the divine avatar of the Roman Empire, whose name would become synonymous with the title of emperor over millennia (German Kaiser, Hungarian Csaszar, Russian Tsar, to name a few). Caesar's heir, Octavian, piously waited for Lepidus to die of old age before grabbing the office of Pontifex Maximus for himself, a title that would define the celestial authority of the ruler of Rome until Gratian renounced it four centuries later. Ambrose, bishop of Milan, convinced Gratian that such a pagan title was not fit for a Christian. Once the Roman emperor discarded the title Pontifex Maximus, the bishop of Rome picked it up and placed it above his own head, as can be seen on coins and medals of the Vatican to this day. In Jubilee years, the Pope knocks down the brick wall that has kept closed the Holy Door for a generation, a ceremony that reaffirms Rome's control of the celestial gates.

  10. Sauna taga tiigi ääres....

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    Marju Kõivupuu

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available he folklorisation process of authorial songs is by no means a remnant of the past. The works of local song composers circulate among wider public independently from their author's will.The modern type of rhymed South-Estonian folk song of the recent years is represented in the works of poets Jaan Pulk, Jan Rahman, Contra (Margus Konnula and many others.Two South-Estonian authorial songs Haani miis [The Haanja Man] and Sauna taga tiigi ääres [At the Pond behind the Sauna] have been sung all over Estonia since the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Today, these two songs are known as folksongs. The first was composed by Jaan Räppo (b. on April 11th, 1880 in Võrumaa - died on April 14th, 1958, also known as a politician and cultural figure in the Ukraine. In 1897 he wrote the verse narrative about a poor man from Kasaritsa while studying at the Võru town school in Estonia.The song Sauna taga tiigi ääres was composed by Hermann Julius Schmalz (b. on April 6th, 1870 in Räpina parish on the border of Võru and Setu region. According to the poet and literate himself he had not attended school for a day in his life; instead, he was educated (among other things in German language by his mother and governess, also by independent study. As a youth he learned to play several folk music instruments, violin, piano and guitar, he could also read music.

  11. Global characteristics of the lunar tidal modulation of the equatorial electrojet derived from CHAMP observations

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    H. Lühr

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available It has been known since many decades that lunar tide has an influence on the strength of the equatorial electrojet (EEJ. There has, however, never been a comprehensive study of the tidal effect on a global scale. Based on the continuous magnetic field measurements by the CHAMP satellite over 10 years it is possible to investigate the various aspects of lunar effects on the EEJ. The EEJ intensity is enhanced around times when the moon is overhead or at the antipode. This effect is particularly strong around noon, shortly after new and full moon. The lunar tide manifests itself as a semi-diurnal wave that precesses through all local times within one lunar month. The largest tidal amplitudes are observed around December solstice and smallest around June solstice. The tidal wave crest lags behind the moon phase. During December this amounts to about 4 days while it is around 2 days during other times of the year. We have not found significant longitudinal variations of the lunar influence on the EEJ. When comparing the average EEJ amplitude at high solar activity with that during periods of solar minimum conditions a solar cycle dependence can be found, but the ratio between tidal amplitude and EEJ intensity stays the same. Actually, tidal signatures standout clearer during times of low solar activity. We suggest that the tidal variations are caused by a current system added to the EEJ rather than by modulating the EEJ. Gravitational forcing of the lower atmosphere by the moon and the sun is assumed to be the driver of an upward propagating tidal wave. The larger tidal amplitudes around December solstice can be related to stratospheric warming events which seem to improve the conditions for upward propagation.

    The results described here have to large extent been presented as a Julius-Bartels Medal Lecture during the General Assembly 2011 of the European Geosciences Union.

  12. Global characteristics of the lunar tidal modulation of the equatorial electrojet derived from CHAMP observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lühr, H.; Siddiqui, T. A.; Maus, S.

    2012-03-01

    It has been known since many decades that lunar tide has an influence on the strength of the equatorial electrojet (EEJ). There has, however, never been a comprehensive study of the tidal effect on a global scale. Based on the continuous magnetic field measurements by the CHAMP satellite over 10 years it is possible to investigate the various aspects of lunar effects on the EEJ. The EEJ intensity is enhanced around times when the moon is overhead or at the antipode. This effect is particularly strong around noon, shortly after new and full moon. The lunar tide manifests itself as a semi-diurnal wave that precesses through all local times within one lunar month. The largest tidal amplitudes are observed around December solstice and smallest around June solstice. The tidal wave crest lags behind the moon phase. During December this amounts to about 4 days while it is around 2 days during other times of the year. We have not found significant longitudinal variations of the lunar influence on the EEJ. When comparing the average EEJ amplitude at high solar activity with that during periods of solar minimum conditions a solar cycle dependence can be found, but the ratio between tidal amplitude and EEJ intensity stays the same. Actually, tidal signatures standout clearer during times of low solar activity. We suggest that the tidal variations are caused by a current system added to the EEJ rather than by modulating the EEJ. Gravitational forcing of the lower atmosphere by the moon and the sun is assumed to be the driver of an upward propagating tidal wave. The larger tidal amplitudes around December solstice can be related to stratospheric warming events which seem to improve the conditions for upward propagation. The results described here have to large extent been presented as a Julius-Bartels Medal Lecture during the General Assembly 2011 of the European Geosciences Union.

  13. French neuropsychiatry in the Great War: between moral support and electricity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Tatu, Laurent

    2013-01-01

    In World War I, an unprecedented number of soldiers were suffering from nervous disturbances, known as war psychoneuroses. Mechanisms of commotion, emotion, and suggestion were defined in order to explain these disturbances. In France, emphasis was placed on the mechanism of suggestion, based on pithiatism, introduced by Joseph Babinski (1857-1932) before the war to highlight the concept of suggestion and its hazy border with simulation. As a result, many soldiers suffering from war neuroses became considered as simulators or malingerers who were merely attempting to escape the front. A medical-military collusion ensued with the aim of sending as many of these nervous cases back to the front as possible through the use of painful or experimental therapies. Aggressive therapies flourished including torpillage, a particularly painful form of electrotherapy developed by Clovis Vincent (1879-1947) and subsequently by Gustave Roussy (1874-1948). At the end of the war, some psychiatrists, such as Paul Sollier (1861-1933), Georges Dumas (1866-1946), and Paul Voivenel (1880-1975), developed a more psychological approach. In Great Britain, where Charles Myers (1873-1946) coined the term shell shock in 1915 to describe these cases, psychological theories were more successful. In Germany, aggressive therapies developed by Fritz Kaufmann (1875-1941) emerged in the second part of the war. In Austria, the future Nobel Prize winner Julius Wagner-Jauregg (1857-1940) was accused of performing violent therapies on patients with war neuroses. These methods, which now seem barbarian or inhuman, were largely accepted at the time in the medical community and today should be judged with caution given the cultural, patriotic, and medical background of the Great War.

  14. Is gene activity in plant cells affected by UMTS-irradiation? A whole genome approach

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    Julia C Engelmann

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Julia C Engelmann3,* Rosalia Deeken1,* Tobias Müller3, Günter Nimtz2, M Rob G Roelfsema1, Rainer Hedrich11Molecular Plant Physiology and Biophysics, Julius-von-Sachs Institute for Biosciences; 2Institute of Physics II, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; 3Department of Bioinformatics, Biocenter, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany; *These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Mobile phone technology makes use of radio frequency (RF electromagnetic fields transmitted through a dense network of base stations in Europe. Possible harmful effects of RF fields on humans and animals are discussed, but their effect on plants has received little attention. In search for physiological processes of plant cells sensitive to RF fields, cell suspension cultures of Arabidopsis thaliana were exposed for 24 h to a RF field protocol representing typical microwave exposition in an urban environment. mRNA of exposed cultures and controls was used to hybridize Affymetrix-ATH1 whole genome microarrays. Differential expression analysis revealed significant changes in transcription of 10 genes, but they did not exceed a fold change of 2.5. Besides that 3 of them are dark-inducible, their functions do not point to any known responses of plants to environmental stimuli. The changes in transcription of these genes were compared with published microarray datasets and revealed a weak similarity of the microwave to light treatment experiments. Considering the large changes described in published experiments, it is questionable if the small alterations caused by a 24 h continuous microwave exposure would have any impact on the growth and reproduction of whole plants.Keywords: suspension cultured plant cells, radio frequency electromagnetic fields, microarrays, Arabidopsis thaliana

  15. Anna Perenna : religión y ejemplaridad mítica

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    Sabino Perea

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Sobre Anna Perenna los propios romanos tenían una idea poco clara. Sin embargo, sus noticias «anticuaristas» y su literatura etiológica, unidas a otro tipo de documentación, la epigráfica, y a nuevos métodos de estudio, nos permiten a posteriori abordar el conocimiento de esta divinidad con una visión más amplia. Este trabajo no elude deliberadamente ninguna perspectiva; así pues, para obtener finalmente una imagen más cabal de la diosa se verán algunos aspectos que la conciernen analizados a través de la fenomenología religiosa, su papel dentro del culto privado y, sobre todo, las manifestaciones públicas de ese culto (el calendario y la fiesta, así como su utilización política y simbólica (ejemplaridad mítica durante la época augustea.The goddess Anna Perenna have a signifiant place in the román calendar. His party is celebrated in the idus oí March (coincident day of Julius Caesar death, and have a propiciatory character: renovated abundance and fertility for the New Year. This work shows the contradictions and coincidences of latin-text on purpose to the her divine-personality (especially Ovid. Fast. III, 523-720; some characteristic of her archaic phenomenology; her possible origin; her cult; and also her mythical modelity, throug the public and prívate religión, as a way of augustan propaganda (vgr. Aen. IV.

  16. Enzalutamide as a second generation antiandrogen for treatment of advanced prostate cancer

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    Semenas J

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Julius Semenas,1 Nishtman Dizeyi,2 Jenny Liao Persson1 1Division of Experimental Cancer Research, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Clinical Research Centre, Malmö, Sweden; 2Division of Urological Research, Department of Clinical Science, Lund University, Clinical Research Centre, Malmö, Sweden Abstract: Prostate cancer (PCa is the most common malignancy, and the third leading cancer-related cause of death among men of the Western world. Upon PCa progression into metastatic disease, androgen deprivation therapy is applied as the first-line treatment, and has been shown to be effective in most patients, leading to a decrease in serum prostate-specific antigen and relief of disease-related symptoms. However, advanced PCa almost inevitably progresses to a castration-resistant state, and is currently regarded as incurable. The large body of evidence indicates that PCa cells remain dependent on androgen receptor (AR signaling even in an androgen-deprived environment. As such, development of drugs that target AR and AR signaling pathways have become one of the major milestones in treatment of castration-resistant PCa (CRPC. Nevertheless, currently available therapies that target AR signaling are still regarded as palliative and more potent therapies are in great need. Over the past few years, a wide range of novel therapies has entered clinical trial for treatment of CRPC, including androgen synthesis inhibitors (abiraterone acetate, chemotherapeutic agents (docetaxel and cabazitaxel, and immunotherapies (sipuleucel-T. In this context, enzalutamide (previously referred to as MDV3100 is a novel second generation antiandrogen that has been demonstrated to significantly improve survival in men with metastatic CRPC in several clinical trials. In this paper we summarize recently completed and ongoing clinical trials of enzalutamide, and briefly discuss the efficacy of the novel antiandrogen therapy and its limitations for treatment of

  17. La varias veces pionera Capilla Bakócz = The several times pioneer chapel Bakócz

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    Laura Corrales Pérez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Levantada a principios del siglo XVI en Esztergom, la capilla  funeraria del cardenal Tamás Bakócz se aleja del gótico  dominante para constituir el ejemplo más precoz y depurado de arquitectura renacentista al norte de los Alpes. Prematuramente próxima a sus contemporáneos italianos, se vio influenciada por la procedencia artística de sus maestros constructores, y por la poderosa figura de su mecenas y su estrecha relación con el papa Julio II, embarcado en la concepción de la nueva basílica  vaticana. Relevante es también su historia tras la muerte de su patrón. Tras sobrevivir ilesa a casi 150 años de dominación  otomana, fue objeto a comienzos del siglo XIX de una  impresionante y pionera operación de despiece y traslado que aún hoy sigue sorprendiendo por su contemporánea concepción sobre el valor de lo monumental. Abstract Built in the first decade of the 16th century in the Hungarian city of Esztergom, the burial chapel of Cardinal Tamás Bakócz  abandoned the dominant Gothic style to constitute the earliest and most perfect example of Renaissance architecture north of the Alps. Surprisingly close to Italian examples from the same period, this Hungarian building was strongly conditioned by the artistic background of its building masters. However, its main influence came from the leading figure of the Cardinal and his close relationship with the Pope Julius II, who was working at that time in the project for the new Vatican basilica. It is also highly relevant the evolution of the chapel after Bakócz's death. It survived to 150 years of Turkish occupation before being cut into pieces and transferred to a new place. This pioneer process took place in the early beginning of XIX century and is still surprising for the modern concept about restoration that it involves.

  18. Patient-centeredness and quality management in Dutch diabetes care organizations after a 1-year intervention

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    Campmans-Kuijpers MJ

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Marjo JE Campmans-Kuijpers,1 Lidwien C Lemmens,2 Caroline A Baan,2 Guy EHM Rutten1 1Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, 2Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Utrecht, the Netherlands Background: More focus on patient-centeredness in care for patients with type 2 diabetes requests increasing attention to diabetes quality management processes on patient-centeredness by managers in primary care groups and outpatient clinics. Although patient-centered care is ultimately determined by the quality of interactions between patients and clinicians at the practice level, it should be facilitated at organizational level too. This nationwide study aimed to assess the state of diabetes quality management on patient-centeredness at organizational level and its possibilities to improve after a tailored intervention.Methods: This before–after study compares the quality management on patient-centeredness within Dutch diabetes care groups and outpatient clinics before and after a 1-year stepwise intervention. At baseline, managers of 51 diabetes primary care groups and 28 outpatient diabetes clinics completed a questionnaire about the organization’s quality management program. Patient-centeredness (0%–100% was operationalized in six subdomains: facilitating self-management support, individualized care plan support, patients’ access to medical files, patient education policy, safeguarding patients’ interests, and formal patient involvement. The intervention consisted of feedback and benchmark and if requested a telephone call and/or a consultancy visit. After 1 year, the managers completed the questionnaire again. The 1-year changes were examined by dependent (non parametric tests.Results: Care groups improved significantly on patient-centeredness (from 47.1% to 53.3%; P=0.002, and on its subdomains “access to

  19. ["Nicolaus Ficke... who practiced physiognomy, astrology, etc. was also a bad man"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenke, Nils; Roudet, Nicolas

    2012-01-01

    This arcticle summarizes what could be learned from newly discovered documents about the biography of Nicolas von Vicken, first known reader of Kepler's "Astronomia Nova" and Kepler's partner in an exchange of more than a dozen letters over several years. Von Vicken stems from a rich and influential family of merchants in Riga, made noble by the Polish King (who ruled Riga at the time) in 1580. His education included legal studies at the universities of Königsberg, Leipzig and Rostock, partially overlapping with a stay of ten years at the Polish court. There von Vicken pursued family business but also served in an official court role. In 1600/1 von Vicken switched sides and started to serve the Swedish ruler (and later king) Duke Carl IX, who was at war with Poland to gain control over Riga and Livonia. In 1602 a mission for Sweden to Northern Germany brought him in conflict with Francis II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg, who accused von Vicken of withholding money from him, which was supposed to be used for hiring troops. Von Vicken, together with his brother Heinrich, was imprisoned, but could flee. During a mission to Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria, in 1599/1600 von Vicken had been initiated as an alchemist and astrologer through reading the works of Paracelsus and his future stations in life were influenced by this. These include an attempt to get employed at the Saxon court in Dresden, and stays in Wolfenbiittel and Halberstadt, both ruled by Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Von Vicken offered various astrological and alchemical services to the Duke and private investors. With one of them he got into a serious conflict over the alleged non-fillment of a contract to produce steel in an alchemical way. During that von Vicken got imprisoned twice, in 1609 and between 1611 and 1614. A subsequent attempt to get employed by Ernst of Schaumburg left us with several letters that detail von Vicken's alchemical and astrological thinking, two of these are

  20. Rahvapäraste taimenimede seosed botaanilise nomenklatuuriga HERBAs

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    Raivo Kalle

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available HERBA, the Estonian folk medicine database of herbal treatment (available at http://www.folklore.ee/herba, has been the source of lore texts about the use of plants and herbs as popular remedies since 2006. At the present moment, the database includes the earliest archive texts up to the year 1939, estimated to constitute slightly less than half of the total number of texts. The identification of plant names in the texts are largely based on the monograph Eesti taimenimetused (‘Estonian Plant Names’ by Gustav Vilbaste (1993. Even though most of the collected Estonian plant names have been identified by Vilbaste, new ethnobotanical names emerge while processing the lore material. The article describes the linking of new folk plant names with the botanical nomenclature and establishing connections with the already known folk plant names (on the basis of texts in the database and specialised literature. The database text can be associated with the species on the basis of three criteria: folk plant name (according to Vilbaste’s monograph, the Latin name included in the text, and the plant description. The number of informants with more than one Latin extension in the database is currently 11. Some texts may correspond to nearly all the criteria, but this is an exception rather than a rule. The largest number of Latin names has been contributed by the following informants: pharmacist Hans Jako (in Jakob Hurt files, physician Mihkel Ostrov in 1891 and 1892 (folklore files of the Society of Estonian Literati, school teacher Julius Lunts in 1937 (Estonian Folklore Archives collection and medical student Jaan Lääts in 1938 (Estonian Folklore Archives collection. Gustav Vilbaste has likewise used the texts of the said informants, though selectively; for instance, the text contributed by Mihkel Ostrov yielded more than 15 new equivalents. The most time-consuming section of the work was to establish connections according to other plant names and

  1. The brain on itself: Nobel laureates and the history of fundamental nervous system function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langmoen, Iver A; Apuzzo, Michael L J

    2007-11-01

    The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been given in recognition of work in the neurosciences a number of times. Laureates have been awarded for work on both fundamental and more complex nervous system functions. This review is restricted to contributions by 20th century laureates to the understanding of fundamental nervous system function on the cellular level. In 1906, Camillo Golgi and Ramón y Cajal were awarded for their work on the microscopic structure of the nervous system. Their achievement and those of others within this field, coupled with technological progress, gradually allowed more complex physiological studies. In 1932, the prize was awarded to Charles Sherrington and Edgar Adrian for their discoveries of how neurons function. They were followed in 1944 by Herbert Gasser and Joseph Erlanger who uncovered the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibers. Alan Hodgkin and Andrew Huxley were awarded for the detection of the ionic mechanism of the action potential and its mathematical explanation in 1963. In 1991, Erwin Neher and Bernd Sakmann were awarded for their work on single ion channels. Although the scientists who proved the hypothesis (Fridjof Nansen, Wilhelm His, and August Forel) were never awarded by the Nobel Committee, their studies gave rise to one of the most fundamental questions in 20th century neuroscience: How is information carried from one neuron to another or to an effector cell? This was first solved in the vegetative nervous system, and, in 1936, Henry Dale and Otto Loewi received the prize for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses. In 1963, John Eccles was awarded the prize for his work on the physiology of synapses. In 1970, Bernhard Katz received the Nobel Prize for the discovery of quantal release. Katz shared the prize with Julius Axelrod and Ulf von Euler, who were central in finding that transmitters are stored in presynaptic vesicles and that the effect in many synapses is

  2. ‘Two Minds With but a Single Thought’: W. T. Stead, Henry James, and the Zancig Controversy

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    Paul Horn

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1906, two writers of disparate repute watched, and then wrote about a series of notorious performances by the London telepathists Julius and Agnes Zancig.One was W. T. Stead, the pugnacious purveyor of New Journalism and hugely influential in shaping public opinion; the other was Henry James, the author of a great number of highbrow, complex, and ultimately poorly selling works of prose fiction.James wrote in a letter of his impression of ‘the 'reality 'of their performance’ in the face of accusations of fraud based on a supposed ‘very wonderfully elaborated code of signalling’ between the pair.A persuasive factor was the rumour, told to him by the actor and theatre manager John Hare at a party, that Stead had proved the Zancigs’ telepathic powers during private tests at his own home.Stead published his own defence of the Zancigs in the 'Review of Reviews',' 'covering in detail their performance at the Alhambra Music Hall, and, indeed, the tests that seem likely to have been the subject of the gossip heard by James.What is especially remarkable about Stead’s article is that its description of the physical reality of telepathy is strikingly reminiscent of the instances of wordless communication that occur between the sensitive protagonists who populate James’s 'fin-de-siècle' novels.The aim of my paper is to use Stead’s and James’s shared interest in the Zancigs as a starting point from which to explore how the two writers’ authorial voices, ostensibly so different to each other, become closely imbricated as they converge on the topic of thought transference.In this way, I hope to show that in addition to the operation of rumour among their social milieu, Stead and James were connected by their appreciation of a more occulted form of communication, which would help define their apparently distinct contributions to 'fin-de-siècle' culture.

  3. From enzymes and viruses to clouds, snow, sea-glaciers, and green icebergs: How a protein crystallographer got into glaciology and atmospheric radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, S. G.

    2016-12-01

    Through a series of lucky breaks beginning five years after my Ph.D., I was able to change careers from molecular biology to earth science, via a postdoc at NCAR in 1978, leading to a job at the University of Washington (UW) in 1982. Steve Schneider, Warren Wiscombe, Julius London, Gary Thomas, and Ed LaChapelle helped me make the transition. At UW, a collaboration with Tom Grenfell got me started in Antarctic fieldwork. Long-term dedicated coworkers Carole Hahn (cloud climatology) and Rich Brandt (radiative and thermal properties of snow and sea ice) kept our funded projects going. Conversations with UW colleagues Bob Charlson on dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and Qiang Fu on the microwave sounding unit (MSU) enticed me into unfunded projects (biological influence on cloud albedo; satellite-derived tropospheric temperatures). Several other key collaborators I first met when they were students at UW: Tony Clarke and Sarah Doherty (black carbon in snow), Bonnie Light (laboratory experiments for Snowball Earth), and Von Walden (longwave radiation spectra). Ian Allison of the Australian Antarctic Division sponsored my first sabbatical, to learn about sea ice. Most of our work, of course, is on projects that are proposed, then funded, then completed (or not completed). But at least as much fun are projects that were completed but not proposed. Some of these were inspired by listening to seminars (particularly by Charlson), or were developed from student term-papers in my snow-and-ice class (Jon Rhodes's report on suncups, and Steve Hudson's on Antarctic bacteria). There is not much cross-cultural connection between my former life and my current life, but there is some, now institutionalized in UW's Astrobiology Program. My enthusiasm for the CLAW project was partly motivated by my background in biology and the knowledge that DMS originates from the amino acid methionine. I was happy to accept oceanic biota as the explanation for the color of green icebergs. And my motivation

  4. A systematic literature review on the efficacy–effectiveness gap: comparison of randomized controlled trials and observational studies of glucose-lowering drugs

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    Ankarfeldt MZ

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Mikkel Z Ankarfeldt,1,2 Erpur Adalsteinsson,1 Rolf HH Groenwold,2,3 M Sanni Ali,2,3,4 Olaf H Klungel,2,3 On behalf of GetReal Work Package 2 1Novo Nordisk A/S, 2Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 4Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology, Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Aim: To identify a potential efficacy–effectiveness gap and possible explanations (drivers of effectiveness for differences between results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs and observational studies investigating glucose-lowering drugs. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in English language articles published between 1 January, 2000 and 31 January, 2015 describing either RCTs or observational studies comparing glucagon-like peptide-1 analogs (GLP-1 with insulin or comparing dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i with sulfonylurea, all with change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c as outcome. Medline, Embase, Current Content, and Biosis were searched. Information on effect estimates, baseline characteristics of the study population, publication year, study duration, and number of patients, and for observational studies, characteristics related to confounding adjustment and selection- and information bias were extracted. Results: From 312 hits, 11 RCTs and 7 observational studies comparing GLP-1 with insulin, and from 474 hits, 16 RCTs and 4 observational studies comparing DPP-4i with sulfonylurea were finally included. No differences were observed in baseline characteristics of the study populations (age, sex, body mass index, time since diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and HbA1c or effect sizes across study designs. Mean effect sizes ranged from −0.43 to 0.91 and from −0.80 to 1.13 in RCTs and

  5. Enantiomer-selective pharmacokinetics, oral bioavailability, and sex effects of various alpha-lipoic acid dosage forms

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    Hermann R

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Robert Hermann,1 Julius Mungo,2 Peter Jürgen Cnota,2 Dan Ziegler3 1Clinical Research Appliance (cr appliance, Gelnhausen, Germany; 2MEDA Pharma GmbH & Co KG, Bad Homburg, Germany; 3Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: The present study aimed to examine the enantiomer-selective pharmacokinetics (PK, relative bioavailability (Frel, and sex effects of various oral dosage forms of racemic alpha-lipoic acid (ALA. In an open-label, randomized, four-period, four-sequence crossover study, 24 healthy adult subjects (12 males and 12 females received single doses of 600 mg of ALA in fasted state at four different occasions as follows: three 200 mg tablets (T 200; two 300 mg tablets (T 300; one 600 mg tablet (T 600; and a racemic ALA solution (OS. All tablet formulations (Thioctacid HR were considered test treatments, while the OS (Thioctacid, 600 T served as the reference treatment. Serial blood samples were collected over 8 hours postdose to quantify R-(+- and S-(–-ALA enantiomer plasma concentrations for the PK evaluation. The maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax and total exposure (area under the curve [AUC]0–t were compared between treatments by analysis of variance. Weight-normalized Cmax and the AUC data of male and female study subjects were applied to examine the presence of sex effects. All treatments displayed rapid absorption of both enantiomers with median time to maximum concentration (tmax values ranging from 0.33–0.5 hours. The Frel of all tablet formulations was comparable, with R-(+-enantiomer Cmax test/reference ratios ranging from 36% (T 600 to 43% (T 200, and R-(+-enantiomer AUC test/reference ratios ranging from 64% (T 600 to 79% (T 300, indicating a favorable Frel of all tablet formulations, especially in terms of the total extent of absorption (AUC. An examination of weight-normalized female/male Cmax and AUC sex ratios for both ALA

  6. Epic Moon: a history of lunar exploration in the age of the telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, William P.; Dobbins, Thomas A.

    As early as 1609 Galileo's first telescope showed the Moon to be another world. The Moon has thus been the object of intense study not only since the 1960s but for at least the previous three and a half centuries. The first "race to the Moon" was not undertaken by American astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts but by German and British selenographers in the nineteenth century, who mapped lunar detail so painstakingly that by 1878 - the year Julius Schmidt of the Athens Observatory published his great Moon map. In part, the reason for the long preoccupation with lunar surface details lay in the fact that the mapping of the Moon provided a form of therapy for astronomically inclined obsessive personalities. In part, too, it lay in the partiality of selenographers for the project - first systematically pursued by Johann Schroeter at the end of the eighteenth century - of discovering evidence of minor changes in the lunar surface. What became a Promethean quest for changes - veils, clouds, landslips, eruptions - was initially tied in with the theory that the lunar surface features had been formed by volcanic eruptions; however, it curiously survived the demise of the volcanic theory and still shows intermittent gasps of life in the largely amateur-driven search for transient lunar phenomena, or TLP. The long era of pre-Apollo lunar studies is a fascinating subject that has never been told in detail. Though there was a lapse of interest in the Moon in the immediate post-Apollo era, there has been a recent "return to the Moon" with the successful Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions. There is also growing evidence of a return of amateur observers to the Moon as an object worthy of their attentions. This is understandable inasmuch as the Moon remains the most accessible planetary realm; it is, moreover, the only alien world open to geological prospecting from the eyepiece of the backyard telescope. In that sense, this book is - like the Moon itself - both timely and

  7. 从培根与霍布斯回顾荀子%Retrospecting Xunzi from Bacon and Hobbes (with special reference to two opposite styles of Chinese unification: Confucian and Legalist)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王煜

    2001-01-01

    洛克之前培根和霍布斯堪称英国经验主义双璧。培根的科学精神铸造了1662年奠基的皇家学会,缺陷在疏忽欧陆科学家的贡献,过分重视归纳而轻蔑演绎;又被控告纳贿而隐居著书,深信运气而非德行决定历史。他以记忆、想象、思考为人心三大功能。霍布斯曾做培根秘书五年,改造亚里士多德修辞学,兼顾演绎与归纳,努力震撼独断者的权威;却仰慕凯撒,融合理性与演说。先秦经验主义者荀况三度出任齐国稷下学宫祭酒,虽未如培根创作理想国"新阿兰特斯",但是似霍氏在异邦显赫且富于文学兴趣。荀子承接墨家注重逻辑和雄辩,对音乐的态度近培、霍而反墨家。%Before Locke, Becon and Hobbes are two supreme British empiricists. Becon's spirit inspired the founding of Royal Society in 1662.His shortcomings lay in igoring the contributions of Continental scientists, overvaluing induction and underestimating deduction. Under the accusation of accepting bribery, Becon retired to write books, owing to his deep belief that luck rather than virtue determine history. For Becon,memory, imagmation, and thingking are the three major functions of human mind. As former Secretary of Bacon for five years, Hobbes reformed Arestotles' Rhetoric, treasured deduction and induction simultaneously, and endeavoured to hurl down the dogmatist authority. But he adored Julius Caesar and combined reason and oration, except in natural sciences. Xunzi the Pre-chin empiricist assumed the leadership of Chi State's Central Academy thrice. Despite the lack of interest in creating a utopia like Bacon's New Atlantis, Xunzi resembled Hobbes in becoming prominent in a foreign country and having high interest in literature,Succeeding the Moist emphasis in logic and elocution, Xunzi affirmed the significance of music. This attitude is near those of Bacon and Hobbes but far from the Moist's.

  8. Eclipses and the Olympics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, K. D.; Yau, K. K.

    2000-12-01

    Like returns of Halley's comet the Olympic games occur periodically, though not as regularly in antiquity. Dates were also imprecise due to the chaotic calendars in use. Reported sightings of comets and eclipses can be used with game dates to help fix ancient events. However some reported darkening of the sun, e.g., after Julius Caesar's murder in 44 BC, was due to volcanic eruptions. A red comet, visible in daylight, first appeared during the games that year. It was also seen from China and Korea (Pang, Sciences 31, 30). Phlegon's ``Olympiads" (2nd century) says that Christ's crucifixion was in the 4th year of the 202nd Olympiad (AD 29-33), when a total solar eclipse occurred in the 6th hour. Only the Nov. 24, AD 29 eclipse over Asia Minor can match that, and Joel's prophecy (Acts 2, 14-21) that ``the sun will be turned to darkness and moon to blood." However it conflicts with ``the first day of Passover," as recorded by Mathew, Mark and Luke, i.e., full moon in early spring. Humphreys and Waddington (Nature 306, 743) have suggested meteorological darkening and the April 3, AD 33 lunar eclipse instead. Schaefer has questioned the eclipse's visibility from Jerusalem (31.46N, 35.14E). The six computations he cited gave dissimilar answers due to the imprecise rates of the secular lunar acceleration, and lengthening of the day used (Q.Jl.R.astr.Soc. 31, 53). Lunar laser ranging has since fixed the former at -26"/cen2. Analysis of ancient Chinese solar eclipse records, e.g., the April 21, 899 BC and April 4, AD 368 ``double dawns" over Zheng, has given us a delta T (in sec) = 30t2, where t is centuries before 1800 (Pang, Yau and Chou, in ``Dynamics of Ice Age Earth: A Modern Perspective," 1998). Our computations show that the moon rose over Jerusalem, with 1/3 still in the umbra and the rest in penumbra. Holdover meteorological darkening with long absorption air mass could have help reddened the moon also. Finally the first ``eclipse season" (the Aug. 21 lunar, and

  9. Fatigue as a long-term risk factor for limitations in instrumental activities of daily living and/or mobility performance in older adults after 10 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mueller-Schotte S

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Sigrid Mueller-Schotte,1–3 Nienke Bleijenberg,1,2,4 Yvonne T van der Schouw,1 Marieke J Schuurmans2,4 1Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Department for the Chronically Ill, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, the Netherlands; 3Department of Optometry and Orthoptics, University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, the Netherlands; 4Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science and Sports, University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands Objectives: Decline in the performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL and mobility may be preceded by symptoms the patient experiences, such as fatigue. The aim of this study is to investigate whether self-reported non-task-specific fatigue is a long-term risk factor for IADL-limitations and/or mobility performance in older adults after 10 years. Methods: A prospective study from two previously conducted cross-sectional studies with 10-year follow-up was conducted among 285 males and 249 females aged 40–79 years at baseline. Fatigue was measured by asking “Did you feel tired within the past 4 weeks?” (males and “Do you feel tired?” (females. Self-reported IADLs were assessed at baseline and follow-up. Mobility was assessed by the 6-minute walk test. Gender-specific associations between fatigue and IADL-limitations and mobility were estimated by multivariable logistic and linear regression models. Results: A total of 18.6% of males and 28.1% of females were fatigued. After adjustment, the odds ratio for fatigued versus non-fatigued males affected by IADL-limitations was 3.3 (P=0.023. In females, the association was weaker and not statistically significant, with odds ratio being 1.7 (P=0.154. Fatigued males walked 39.1 m shorter distance than those non-fatigued (P=0.048. For fatigued females, the distance was 17.5 m shorter compared to those non-fatigued (P=0.479. Conclusion: Our data suggest that self-reported fatigue

  10. 中国食用昆虫记录%Records of Edible Insects from China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡鹏; 查岭生

    2009-01-01

    文章记录了我国食用昆虫283余种及亚种,隶属13目,71科.同时阐明了其食用虫态.①蜉蝣目:仅包括小蜉科1科;②蜻蜓目:包括蜓科、春蜓科、蜻科和丝螕科.其中蜻科的碧伪蜓(马大头)Anax parthenope julius Brauer,蜻科的白尾灰蜻Orthetrum albistyltam Selys、异色灰蜻Orthetrum triangulare melania、黄蜻Pantala flavescens Fabricius、大黄赤蜻Sympetrum uniforme Selys均为首次报道,它们的食用虫态均为稚虫;③蜚蠊目:包括蜚蠊科和鳖蠊科;④螳螂目:仅有螳科1科;⑤等翅目:包括鼻白蚁科和白蚁科;⑥直翅目:包括蝗科、蟋蟀科、蝼蛄科和螽斯科;⑦同翅目:包括蝉科、蚧科、蛾蜡蝉科、角蝉科和粉蚧科;⑧半翅目:包括负子蝽科、缘蝽科、划蝽科、仰蝽科和蝽科;⑨鞘翅目:包含窃蠹科、豆象科、吉丁虫科、天牛科、负泥虫科、象甲科、犀金龟科、龙虱科、花金龟科、水龟甲科、鳃金龟科、丽金龟科、金龟科、小蠹科和拟步甲科15科;⑩广翅目:仅包含齿蛉科;(11)鳞翅目:包括异蝶科、凤蝶科等21科;(12)双翅目:包括蝇科、麻蝇科和大蚊科;⑩膜翅目:包括榕小蜂科、蜜蜂科、马蜂科、土蜂科、泥蜂科、胡蜂科、蚁科7科.

  11. The OxyMask™ development and performance in healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James E Paul

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available James E Paul1, Horia Hangan2, Julius Hajgato31Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 2Faculty of Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada; 3Southmedic Inc., Barrie, ON, CanadaBackground: The OxyMask™ is a unique, open-style, oxygen mask that was originally developed in 2005. The original mask was modified, using computational fluid dynamics numerical simulations, with the goal of allowing it to produce a wider range of FiO2. This analysis was used to guide the modification of the mask shell and the location for the oxygen diffuser.Methods: The new OxyMask was attached to 10 healthy subjects and used to deliver escalating levels of oxygen (1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 LPM for 90 seconds at each level and the resulting FiO2 was recorded (at the lips from 5 consecutive measurements at each oxygen flow rate.Results: Mean FiO2 was 25.4% at 1.5 LPM of oxygen, 30.1% at 2 LPM, 36.5% at 2.5 LPM, 41.8% at 3 LPM, 57.6% at 5 LPM, 74.4% at 10 LPM, and 80.1% at 15 LPM. Each FiO2 achieved at these escalating oxygen levels was significantly greater than all the previous levels. The mean FiO2 was 82.8 at 20 LPM, 84.2% at 25 LPM and 84.3% at 30 LPM. All of these values on average were not significantly greater than the FiO2 achieved with 15 LPM. In a few subjects a maximum FiO2 of 90% was reached.Conclusion: The original OxyMask was successfully modified so that the second generation of the mask can provide a wide range of FiO2, from 25% to 90%, while keeping its unique open design.Keywords: oxygen, oxygen masks, oxygen therapy, OxyMask™, OxyArm™, clinical trial, computational fluid dynamics (CFD, equipment design, biomedical engineering

  12. Historical time trends in red blood cell usage in the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Hoeven LR

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Loan R van Hoeven,1,2 Maria MW Koopman,3 Hendrik Koffijberg,4 Kit CB Roes,1 Mart P Janssen1,2 1Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, 2Transfusion Technology Assessment Department, Sanquin Research, 3Department of Transfusion Medicine, Sanquin Blood Bank, Amsterdam, 4Department of Health Technology and Services Research, MIRA Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical Medicine, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands Background: While the number of hospitalized patients in Dutch hospitals has increased since 1997, the demand for red blood cell units (RBCs has simultaneously decreased. This implies a dramatic change in transfusion practice toward fewer blood transfusions on average per patient.Objectives: In order to explain the RBC reduction, different patient groups (surgical, medical, obstetrical, and specific age groups were studied retrospectively in relation to RBC use. In addition, the use of combinations of RBCs, fresh frozen plasma, and platelets during a transfusion episode was examined for trends over time.Materials and methods: Data from the PROTON database, containing information on all transfusions in twelve Dutch hospitals in the period 1996–2005, including corresponding patient data (age, diagnosis, treatment, and hospitalizations and blood unit data (type, amount, and date were analyzed.Results: The proportion of RBCs used for surgical patients declined from 50% in 1996 to 40% in 2005, whereas medical use increased from 47% to 58% (the remaining 2%–3% went to obstetrical patients. Changes were more marked in the higher age groups. Also, a trend was observed toward the use of only one or two RBCs during a transfusion episode rather than three or more. Among surgical patients who received blood, the use of combinations of blood units, as compared to RBCs only, increased from 32% to 39%.Conclusion: The results suggest a more restrictive transfusion policy

  13. Effects of vildagliptin relative to sulfonylureas in Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes fasting during Ramadan: influence of age and treatment with/without metformin in the VIRTUE study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassoun AAK

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ahmed AK Hassoun,1 Md Faruque Pathan,2 Rita C Medlej,3,4 Monira Alarouj,5 Inass Shaltout,6 Manoj S Chawla,7 Ditte Knap,8 Julius A Vaz9 1Dubai Diabetes Centre, Dubai, UAE; 2Department of Endocrinology, BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 3Department of Endocrinology, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, 4Chronic Care Centre, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon; 5Dasman Diabetes Institute, Dasman, Kuwait; 6Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 7Lina Diabetes Care Centre, Mumbai, India; 8Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland; 9Novartis Healthcare Private Limited, Hyderabad, India Background: VIRTUE was a prospective, observational study assessing the effectiveness and safety of vildagliptin vs sulfonylureas (SUs (both as monotherapy and in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who fasted during Ramadan. A post hoc analysis was carried out to assess the effect of treatment with/without metformin and age (<65 years or ≥65 years. Patients and methods: Patients were recruited from the Middle East and Asia. The primary end point was proportion of patients with one or more hypoglycemic event (HE during Ramadan. Secondary end points included change from baseline in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c, body weight, and safety. Results: Overall, 684 patients received vildagliptin and 631 received SUs. Most patients received dual therapy with metformin (n=1,148 and were aged <65 years (n=1,189. A few patients experienced one or more HE with vildagliptin vs SU monotherapy (6.5% vs 14.5% and with vildagliptin + metformin vs SUs + metformin (5.3% vs 20.6%; the latter achieved statistical significance (P<0.001 in both age subgroups (<65 years: 5.5% vs 18.4%, P<0.001; ≥65 years: 2.8% vs 30.9%, P<0.001. Vildagliptin was associated with numerically greater HbA1c and body weight reductions vs SUs, regardless of the therapy type or age. A higher proportion of SU- vs vildagliptin-treated patients experienced adverse events

  14. In vivo osteoinductive effect and in vitro isolation and cultivation bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redzić, Amira; Smajilagić, Amer; Aljicević, Mufida; Berberović, Ljubomir

    2010-12-01

    Bone marrow contains cell type termed mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), first recognized in bone marrow by a German pathologist, Julius Cohnheim in 1867. That MSCs have potential to differentiate in vitro in to the various cells lines as osteoblast, chondroblast, myoblast and adipoblast cells lines. Aims of our study were to show in vivo capacity of bone marrow MSC to produce bone in surgically created non critical size mandible defects New Zeland Rabbits, and then in second part of study to isolate in vitro MSC from bone marrow, as potential cell transplantation model in bone regeneration. In vivo study showed new bone detected on 3D CT reconstruction day 30, on all 3 animals non critical size defects, treated with bone marrow MSC exposed to the human Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7 (rhBMP-7). Average values of bone mineral density (BMD), was 530 mg/cm3, on MSC treated animals, and 553 mg/cm3 on control group of 3 animals where non critical size defects were treated with iliac crest autologue bone graft. Activity of the Alkaline Phosphatase enzyme were measurement on 0.5, 14, 21, 30 day and increased activity were detected day 14 on animals treated with bone marrow MSCs compared with day 30 on iliac crest treated animals. That results indicates strong osteoinduction activity of the experimental bone marrow MSCs models exposed to the rhBMP-7 factor Comparing ALP activity, that model showed superiorly results than control group. That result initiates us in opinion that MSCs alone should be alternative for the autolologue bone transplantation and in vitro study we isolated singles MSCs from the bone marrow of rat's tibia and femora and cultivated according to the method of Maniatopoulos et all. The small initial colonies of fibroblast like cells were photo-documented after 2 days of primary culture. Such isolated and cultivated MSCs in future studies will be exposed to the growth factors to differentiate in osteoblast and indicate their clinically potential as alternative

  15. "Interred with their bones" - linking soil micromorphology and chemistry to unlock the hidden archive of archaeological human burials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brothwell, Don; Usai, Maria-Raimonda; Keely, Brendan; Pickering, Matt; Wilson, Clare

    2010-05-01

    "Interred with their bones" Acronym: InterArChive - an ERC-funded project *** " Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears; " I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him. " The evil that men do lives after them; " The good is oft 'interred with their bones'; " So let it be with Caesar. William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act III, Scene 2. *** Background The state of decay within soils in archaeological graves is often such that degradable objects are not preserved in a condition that can be visually recognised. However, microscopic soil features, inorganic element distributions and organic residues can be measured. Thus, archaeological burial soils have the potential to reveal signatures of decay; pre-burial treatment; presence and nature of associated clothing and perishable artefacts; diet of the individual; cause of death; evidence of morbidity and drug-use. Aims • To develop and test a multidisciplinary approach linking soil micromorphology and chemistry to recover environmental and cultural information; • Revealing the hidden archaeological archive within the burial soil • Developing soil sampling and analysis recommendations for archaeological human burials Methods 1: Sampling and soil field description from archaeological sites contrasting in soil, geology, age, and culture and from experimental piglet burials 2: Microscopic/micromorphological analysis (micro-scale observations) of remains and features in burial soils. We will establish the order of occurrence, spatial patterns, displacement, mode of formation and decay of micromorphological features including exotic components, parasites, hair and remnants of footwear and clothing [cf. pilot study of soils from Yemen]; microfabrics and textural pedofeatures, also to facilitate resolution of body decay products from other accumulations. 3: Microprobe analysis (nano-scale) will generate elemental maps of soil thin sections, allowing identification of features with distinct chemical signatures

  16. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-2 P12A polymorphism and risk of acute myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke: A case-cohort study and meta-analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hadi Zafarmand

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Hadi Zafarmand1,3, Yvonne T van der Schouw1, Diederick E Grobbee1, Peter W de Leeuw2, Michiel L Bots11Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, Str 6.131, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands; 2Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, PO Box 5800, NL-6202 AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands; 3Persian Gulf Health Research Center, Department of Genomic Health, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Moalem Street, Po Box 3631, Bushehr, IranBackground: The alanine allele of P12A polymorphism in PPARG gene in a few studies has been associated with a reduced or increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI. Yet, the risk relation has not been confirmed, and data on ischemic stroke (IS is scarce. We therefore investigated the role of this polymorphism on occurrence of AMI, coronary heart disease (CHD and IS.Methods and findings: We performed a case-cohort study in 15,236 initially healthy Dutch women and applied a Cox proportional hazards model to study the relation of the P12A polymorphism and AMI (n = 71, CHD (n = 211, and IS (n = 49 under different inheritance models. In addition, meta-analyses of published studies were performed. Under the dominant inheritance model, carriers of the alanine allele compared with those with the more common genotype were not at increased or decreased risk of CHD (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.58 to 1.17 and of IS (HR = 1.03; 95% CI, 0.14 to 7.74. In addition no relations were found under the recessive and additive models. Our meta-analyses corroborated these findings by showing no significant association. For AMI we found a borderline significant association under dominant (HR = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.26 to 0.94, and additive (HR = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.26 to 1.00 models which could be due to chance, because of small cases in this subgroup. The meta-analysis did not show any association

  17. Prevalence and determinants of metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional survey of general medical outpatient clinics using National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria in Botswana

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    Omech B

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bernard Omech,1 Jose-Gaby Tshikuka,2 Julius C Mwita,1 Billy Tsima,2 Oathokwa Nkomazana,3 Kennedy Amone-P’Olak4 1Department of Internal Medicine, 2Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, 3Department of Surgery, 4Department of Psychology, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana Background: Low- and middle-income countries, including Botswana, are facing rising prevalence of obesity and obesity-related cardiometabolic complications. Very little information is known about clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in the outpatient setting during routine visits. We aimed to assess the prevalence and identify the determinants of metabolic syndrome among the general outpatients’ attendances in Botswana. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from August to October 2014 involving outpatients aged ≥20 years without diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. A precoded questionnaire was used to collect data on participants’ sociodemographics, risk factors, and anthropometric indices. Fasting blood samples were drawn and analyzed for glucose and lipid profile. Metabolic syndrome was assessed using National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Results: In total, 291 participants were analyzed, of whom 216 (74.2% were females. The mean age of the total population was 50.1 (±11 years. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 27.1% (n=79, with no significant difference between the sexes (female =29.6%, males =20%, P=0.11. A triad of central obesity, low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and elevated blood pressure constituted the largest proportion (38 [13.1%] of cases of metabolic syndrome, followed by a combination of low high-density lipoprotein, elevated triglycerides, central obesity, and elevated blood pressure, with 17 (5.8% cases. Independent determinants of metabolic syndrome were antihypertensive use and increased waist circumference. Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in

  18. Postoperative subconjunctival bevacizumab injection as an adjunct to 5-fluorouracil in the management of scarring after trabeculectomy

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    Freiberg FJ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Florentina Joyce Freiberg,1 Juliane Matlach,1 Franz Grehn,1 Sabine Karl,2 Thomas Klink1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Julius Maximilian University, Wuerzburg, Germany; 2Institute of Mathematics, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany Purpose: Scarring after glaucoma filtering surgery remains the most frequent cause for bleb failure. The aim of this study was to assess if the postoperative injection of bevacizumab reduces the number of postoperative subconjunctival 5-fluorouracil (5-FU injections. Further, the effect of bevacizumab as an adjunct to 5-FU on the intraocular pressure (IOP outcome, bleb morphology, postoperative medications, and complications was evaluated. Methods: Glaucoma patients (N = 61 who underwent trabeculectomy with mitomycin C were analyzed retrospectively (follow-up period of 25 ± 19 months. Surgery was performed exclusively by one experienced glaucoma specialist using a standardized technique. Patients in group 1 received subconjunctival applications of 5-FU postoperatively. Patients in group 2 received 5-FU and subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab. Results: Group 1 had 6.4 ± 3.3 (0–15 (mean ± standard deviation and range, respectively 5-FU injections. Group 2 had 4.0 ± 2.8 (0–12 (mean ± standard deviation and range, respectively 5-FU injections. The added injection of bevacizumab significantly reduced the mean number of 5-FU injections by 2.4 ± 3.08 (P ≤ 0.005. There was no significantly lower IOP in group 2 when compared to group 1. A significant reduction in vascularization and in cork screw vessels could be found in both groups (P < 0.0001, 7 days to last 5-FU, yet there was no difference between the two groups at the last follow-up. Postoperative complications were significantly higher for both groups when more 5-FU injections were applied. (P = 0.008. No significant difference in best corrected visual acuity (P = 0.852 and visual field testing (P = 0.610 between preoperative to last follow

  19. Mine-to-Mill Optimization of Aggregate Production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greg Adel; Toni Kojovic; Darren Thornton

    2006-09-30

    Mine-to-Mill optimization is a total systems approach to the reduction of energy and cost in mining and processing. Developed at the Julius Krutschnitt Mineral Research Center in Queensland, Australia, the Mine-to-Mill approach attempts to minimize energy consumption through optimization of all steps in the size reduction process. The approach involves sampling and modeling of blasting and processing, followed by computer simulation to optimize the operation and develop alternatives. The most promising alternatives are implemented, and sampling is conducted to quantify benefits. In the current project, the primary objective was to adapt Mine-to-Mill technology to the aggregates industry. The first phase of this work was carried out at the Bealeton Quarry near Fredericksburg, Virginia. The second phase was carried out at the Pittsboro Quarry south of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Both quarries are operated by Luck Stone Corporation of Richmond, Virginia. As a result of the work, several conclusions can be drawn from the project which should assist DOE in assessing the applicability of the Mine-to-Mill approach to the aggregates industry. 1. Implementation of MTM guidelines at Pittsboro has resulted in tangible improvements in productivity. It is clear that MTM guidelines represent an energy savings of around 5% (primary and secondary) and an overall energy savings of 1%. This 1-5% energy savings is also consistent with simulated results for Bealeton had side-by-side shots used to evaluate the technology been carried out in the same rockmass. 2. Luck Stone clearly runs their operations at a high standard. Hence the percentage improvement realized in this project may represent the lower end of what might be expected overall in the aggregates industry. 3. Variability in ore types across both Bealeton and Pittsboro suggests a 2:1 difference in hardness which contradicts the misconception that quarry rock is homogenous. Therefore, the idea of comparing side-by-side blasts

  20. PREFACE: International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP'09)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruntorad, Jan; Lokajicek, Milos

    2010-11-01

    Physics Milos Lokajicek (co-chair), Institute of Physics AS CR, v.v.i., Prague Vojtech Petracek, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering and especially the Programme Committee for their careful choice of conference contributions and their enormous work with organization of 340 post conference proceedings paper review Ludek Matyska (chair), CESNET Online Computing Volker Gülzow, DESY Jiri Masik, University of Manchester/on leave from Institute of Physics AS CR, Prague Event Processing Elizabeth Sexton-Kennedy, FNAL Tomas Davidek, Charles University, Prague Software Components, Tools and Databases Paolo Calafiura, LBNL Julius Hrivnac, LAL Track 4 Hardware and Computing Fabrics Takashi Sasaki, KEK Jiri Chudoba, Institute of Physics AS CR, Prague Grid Middleware and Networking Technologies Francesco Giacomini, CERN Ales Krenek, Masaryk University, Brno/CESNET Distributed Processing and Analysis Latchezar Betev, CERN Simon Lin, ASGC, Taipei Dagmar Adamova, Nuclear Physics Institute AS CR, Prague Collaborative Tools Eva Hladka, Masaryk University, Brno/CESNET Thank you to all who made CHEP'09 a success. Jan Gruntorad and Milos Lokajicek CHEP'09 Conference Chairs Prague, March 2010 The PDF and HTML files contain a list of all CHEP'09 contributions.

  1. In situ soil moisture and matrix potential - what do we measure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackisch, Conrad; Durner, Wolfgang

    2017-04-01

    poses quite some concern about deriving field parameters from lab measurements. We will present some insights from the comparison study and highlight the conceptual concerns arising from it. Through this we hope to stimulate a discussion towards more critical revision of measurement assumptions and towards the development of alternative techniques to monitor subsurface states. The sensor comparison study consortium is a cooperation of Wolfgang Durner2, Ines Andrä2, Kai Germer2, Katrin Schulz2, Marcus Schiedung2, Jaqueline Haller-Jans2, Jonas Schneider2, Julia Jaquemotte2, Philipp Helmer2, Leander Lotz2, Thomas Graeff3, Andreas Bauer3, Irene Hahn3, Conrad Jackisch1, Martin Sanda4, Monika Kumpan5, Johann Dorner5, Gerrit de Rooij6, Stephan Wessel-Bothe7, Lorenz Kottmann8, and Siegfried Schittenhelm8. The great support by the team and the Thünen Institute Braunschweig is gratefully acknowledged. 1 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 2 Technical University of Braunschweig, 3 University of Potsdam, 4 Technical University of Prague, 5 Federal Department for Water Management Petzenkirchen, 6 Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research Halle, 7 ecoTech GmbH Bonn, 8 Julius Kühn Institute Braunschweig

  2. Phase Imaging: A Compressive Sensing Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, Sebastian; Stevens, Andrew; Browning, Nigel D.; Pohl, Darius; Nielsch, Kornelius; Rellinghaus, Bernd

    2017-07-01

    = |F[HnΨ(r)]|2, where the matrices Hn encode the mask structure of the aperture. This is a nonlinear inverse problem, but has been shown to be solvable even in the underdetermined case [6]. Since each diffraction pattern yn contains diffraction information from selected regions of the same sample, the differences in each pattern contain local phase information, which can be combined to form a full estimate of the real-space wave-function[7]. References: [1] W. Pauli in “Die allgemeinen Prinzipien der Wellenmechanik“, ed. H Geiger and W Scheel, (Julius Springer, Berlin). [2] A. Tonomura, Rev. Mod. Phys. 59 (1987), p. 639. [3] J. Miao et al, Nature 400 (1999), p. 342. [4] H. Lichte et al, Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 37 (2007), p. 539. [5] J. Yamasaki et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 (2012), 234105. [6] P Schniter and S Rangan. Signal Proc., IEEE Trans. on. 64(4), (2015), pp. 1043. [7] Supported by the Chemical Imaging, Signature Discovery, and Analytics in Motion initiatives at PNNL. PNNL is operated by Battelle Memorial Inst. for the US DOE; contract DE-AC05-76RL01830.

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Oppong

    1977-01-01

    study of Ghanaian senior civil servants. Cambridge Studies in Social Anthropology 8. Cambridge University Press, London 1974. 187 pp., map, tables. - Sjaak van der Geest, Christine Oppong, Growing up in Dagbon. Accra-Tema, Ghana Publishing Corporation, 1973, 79 pp., map. - H.J.M. Claessen, Jan Vansina, The Tio Kingdom of the Middle Congo, 1880-1892. Published for the International African Institute by the Oxford University Press. London etc. 1973. 586 pp. Appendices, bibliography, index, glossary, maps, diagrams, plates and figures. - J. van Goor, Sinnapah Arasaratnam, Memoir of Julius Stein van Gollenesse, Governor of Ceylon 1743-1751. Selections from the Dutch records of the government of Sri Lanka. Colombo, 1974. 153 pp. - Niels Mulder, Benjamin A. Batson, Siam’s political future: Documents from the end of the absolute monarchy. Ithaca: Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program, Data Paper No. 96, 1974, ix + 102 pp. - H.J. Ruiter, Louis Dumont, Dravidien et Kariera, l’alliance de mariage dans l’Inde du sud, et en Australie. Textes de sciences sociales 14. Mouton éditeur. La Hayes-Paris 1975, 148 pp. - J. Rutherford, Harold M. Ross, Baegu. Social and ecological organization in Malaita, Solomon Islands. Illinois Studies in Anthropology No. 8. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 1973. - Simon Kooijman, G.K. Roth, Fijian way of life. Melbourne 1973 (second edition, Oxford University Press, 176 pp.

  4. Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems of Old Arsenical and 'Mustard' Munitions (Joseph F. Bunnett and Marian Mikotajczyk, Eds.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Benjamin

    1999-10-01

    What do Knute Rockne, Notre Dame's famed football coach, and Lewisite, a chemical warfare agent dubbed "the dew of death", have in common? Both owe their discovery to Father Julius Arthur Nieuwland.1 Rockne's legacy lives on in the Fighting Irish and their tradition of excellence on the gridiron. Lewisite, together with other arsenical- and mustard-type chemical warfare agents, provide a legacy that lives on, too, but with less cheerful consequences. The book Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems of Old Arsenical and 'Mustard' Munitions makes clear the challenges faced in dealing with those consequences. This book documents the proceedings of a workshop devoted to arsenical- and mustard-type chemical warfare agents and their associated munitions. The workshop, held in Poland in 1996, included nine lectures, eight posters, and three discussion groups; and the contents of all these are presented. Major support for the workshop came from the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO as part of on ongoing series of meetings, cooperative research projects, and related efforts dealing with problems leftover from the Cold War and, in the case of the arsenicals and mustards, from conflicts dating to World War I. These problems can be seen in contemporary accounts, including a January 1999 news report that the U.S. Department of Defense intends to survey Washington, DC, areas near both American University and the Catholic University of America (CUA), site of the original synthesis of Lewisite, for chemical warfare agents and other materials disposed at the end of World War I.2 The first nine chapters of the book present the workshop's lectures. Of these, readers interested in chemical weapon destruction might find especially useful the first chapter, in which Ron Mansley of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons presents a scholarly overview covering historical aspects of the arsenicals and mustards; their production and use; prospective destruction

  5. Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, Quantum and Symmetry Aspects, with Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sihvola, Ari [Helsinki University of Technology (Finland)

    2005-03-11

    'Good reasons must, of force, give place to better', observes Brutus to Cassius, according to William Shakespeare in Julius Caesar. Roger Raab and Owen de Lange seem to agree, as they cite this sentence in the concluding chapter of their new book on the importance of exact multipole analysis in macroscopic electromagnetics. Very true and essential to remember in our daily research work. The two scientists from the University of Natal in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (presently University of KwaZulu-Natal) have been working for a very long time on the accurate description of electric and magnetic response of matter and have published much of their findings in various physics journals. The present book gives us a clear and coherent exposition of many of these results. The important message of Raab and de Lange is that in the macroscopic description of matter, a correct balance between the various orders of electric and magnetic multipole terms has to be respected. If the inclusion of magnetic dipole terms is not complemented with electric quadrupoles, there is a risk of losing the translational invariance of certain important quantities. This means that the values of these quantities depend on the choice of the origin{exclamation_point} 'It can't be Nature, for it is not sense' is another of the apt literary citations in the book. Often monographs written by researchers look like they have been produced using a cut-and-paste technique; earlier published articles are included in the same book but, unfortunately, too little additional effort is expended into moulding the totality into a unified story. This is not the case with Raab and de Lange. The structure and the text flow of the book serve perfectly its important message. After the obligatory introduction of material response to electromagnetic fields, constitutive relations, basic quantum theory and spacetime properties, a chapter follows with transmission and scattering effects where

  6. BOOK REVIEW: Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, Quantum and Symmetry Aspects, with Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sihvola, Ari

    2005-03-01

    `Good reasons must, of force, give place to better', observes Brutus to Cassius, according to William Shakespeare in Julius Caesar. Roger Raab and Owen de Lange seem to agree, as they cite this sentence in the concluding chapter of their new book on the importance of exact multipole analysis in macroscopic electromagnetics. Very true and essential to remember in our daily research work. The two scientists from the University of Natal in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (presently University of KwaZulu-Natal) have been working for a very long time on the accurate description of electric and magnetic response of matter and have published much of their findings in various physics journals. The present book gives us a clear and coherent exposition of many of these results. The important message of Raab and de Lange is that in the macroscopic description of matter, a correct balance between the various orders of electric and magnetic multipole terms has to be respected. If the inclusion of magnetic dipole terms is not complemented with electric quadrupoles, there is a risk of losing the translational invariance of certain important quantities. This means that the values of these quantities depend on the choice of the origin! `It canÂ't be Nature, for it is not sense' is another of the apt literary citations in the book. Often monographs written by researchers look like they have been produced using a cut-and-paste technique; earlier published articles are included in the same book but, unfortunately, too little additional effort is expended into moulding the totality into a unified story. This is not the case with Raab and de Lange. The structure and the text flow of the book serve perfectly its important message. After the obligatory introduction of material response to electromagnetic fields, constitutive relations, basic quantum theory and spacetime properties, a chapter follows with transmission and scattering effects where everything seems to work well with the `old

  7. EDITORIAL More than a wire More than a wire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2010-10-01

    from the National Institute of Standards and Technology in the US tackle this challenge by demonstrating a top-down method for fabricating nickel mono-silicide (NiSi) nanowires or nanolines. The work demonstrates a constant room temperature electrical resistivity of the NiSi nanowires as the line widths are reduced to as low as 23 nm [5]. The field effect transistor, the closest device under current research to that comprising the transistor first patented by physicist Julius Edgar Lilienfeld in Canada in 1925, has become the focus of a large proportion of research in nanoscale science and technology. Up to now, most devices have been based on natural n-type transition metal oxides, but synthesis of p-type metal oxide nanowires enables the development of novel complementary nanowire devices and circuits, including LEDs, electrically driven nanolasers and multiplexing biosensors. Doping is the most common means of producing p-type semiconductor nanowires but the stability and reproducibility of these structures are often poor. A collaboration of researchers in China and Singapore has demonstrated that CuO nanowires could be a promising candidate for a p-type field-effect transistor [6]. The sensitivity of nanowires to gases in their surroundings has stimulated considerable interest for applications in sensing, and the CuO nanowires in this report also exhibit a high response to CO gas in air at 200 °C. In this issue, researchers in Korea and the US provide an overview of the use of nanomaterials in memory technology [7]. The review provides details of the current status and future prospects of alternatives that may become available in the near future for phase-change RAM, ferroelectric RAM and magnetic RAM, as well as other novel architectures under investigation such as molecular memory and devices based on carbon nanotubes. Nanowires feature here as well. Although, as pointed out in the review the use of nanowires in phase-change RAM is still far from being at the

  8. Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation: An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Hassan TONEKABONI*

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Tonekaboni SH, Mollamohammadi M. Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation: An Overview. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Autumn;8(4: 1-8.AbstractObjectiveNeurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA is a group of neurodegenerative disorder with deposition of iron in the brain (mainly Basal Ganglia leading to a progressive Parkinsonism, spasticity, dystonia, retinal degeneration, optic atrophy often accompanied by psychiatric manifestations and cognitive decline. 8 of the 10 genetically defined NBIA types are inherited as autosomal recessive and the remaining two by autosomal dominant and X-linked dominant manner. Brain MRI findings are almost specific and show abnormal brain iron deposition in basal ganglia some other related anatomicallocations. In some types of NBIA cerebellar atrophy is the major finding in MRI.ReferencesShevel M. Racial hygiene, activeeuthanasia, and Julius Hallervorden. Neurology 1992;42:2214-2219.HayflickSJ. Neurodegeneration with brain Iron accumulation: from genes to pathogenesis.Semin Pediatr Neurol 2006;13:182-185.Zhou B, Westawy SK, Levinson B, et al. A novel pantothenate kinase gene(PANK2 is defective in Hallervorden-Spatzsyndrome. Nat Genet 2001;28:345- 349.www.ncbi.nlm.nihgov/NBK111Y/university of Washington, seattle. Allison Gregory and Susan Hayflick.Paisan-Ruiz C, Li A, Schneider SA, et al. Widesread Levy body and tau accumulation in childhood and adult onset dystonia-parkinsonism cases with PLA2G6 mutations. Neurobiol Aging 2012;33:814-823.Dick KJ, Eckhardt M, Paison-Ruiz C, et al. Mutation of FA2H underlies a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia(SPG 35. Hum Mutat 31: E1251-E1260.Edvardson S, Hama H, Shaag A, et al. Mutation in the fatty acid 2-Hydroxylase gene are associated with leukodystrophy with spastic paraparesis and dystonia. Am I Hum Genet 2008;83:647-648.Schneider SA, Aggarwal A, Bhatt m, et al. Severe tongue protrusion dystonia: clinical syndromes

  9. Do self-management interventions in COPD patients work and which patients benefit most? An individual patient data meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonkman NH

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Nini H Jonkman,1 Heleen Westland,1 Jaap CA Trappenburg,1 Rolf HH Groenwold,2 Erik WMA Bischoff,3 Jean Bourbeau,4 Christine E Bucknall,5 David Coultas,6 Tanja W Effing,7 Michael J Epton,8 Frode Gallefoss,9 Judith Garcia-Aymerich,10–12 Suzanne M Lloyd,13 Evelyn M Monninkhof,2 Huong Q Nguyen,14 Job van der Palen,15,16 Kathryn L Rice,17 Maria Sedeno,4 Stephanie JC Taylor,18 Thierry Troosters,19 Nicholas A Zwar,20 Arno W Hoes,2 Marieke J Schuurmans1 1Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science and Sports, 2Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, 3Department of Primary and Community Care, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; 4Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Center, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; 5Department of Respiratory Medicine, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK; 6Veterans Administration Portland Health Care System and Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA; 7Department of Respiratory Medicine, Repatriation General Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 8Canterbury District Health Board, Respiratory Services, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand; 9Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Sorlandet Hospital, Kristiansand, Norway; 10Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology CREAL, 11Pompeu Fabra University, 12CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain; 13Robertson Centre for Biostatistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK; 14Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA, USA; 15Department of Research Methodology, Measurement and Data Analysis, University of Twente, 16Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands; 17Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care Service and University of

  10. Historia del tratamiento de la Sífilis The history of Syphilis´ treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R M C Leitner

    2007-03-01

    los alérgicos a la penicilina. Últimamente se confirmó la eficacia de la azitromicina en dosis de 500mg cada día, durante los 10 días o el régimen de 500mg en días alternos.The name Syphilis comes from greek language: Siph: Pig and Philus: Love, meaning, in honor of the Sheppard of a story where the Character, Named Syphilo, is punished by the gods to suffer a terrible disease. Data about Syphilis was analized in ancient times (which differ according to the source. Its mention in the middle age, its controversial origin, the help provided from paleopathologists to find it. When the French revolution and the beginning of the contemporary age began, the percentage of sick people grew. The segregation of these is proved by the society. From the year 1500 to the beginnings of the XX century, the treatment of Syphilis depended on mercury. There were a great variety of application methods: topical: the grey ointment, in «calomelanos or tabs», in injections, in frictions and fumigations where the mercury was introduced in the body by the lungs. Guayacos wood was named with curative features which it did not posses. The iodides were used for tertiary syphilis. In 1907, Ehrlich formulates the 606 compound or Salvarsan and in 1910 the Neo-Salvarsan or Arsfenamina or compound 914.Due to these discoveries he received the nobel prize. In 1887, Julius Wagner of Jauregg suggested that: the inducted therapeutic fiber was useful in the treatment of the psychosis. In 1912 he published his satisfactory results in treating the paresis with a combination of mercury and iodides and tuberculin of Koch. In 1917 he treated a patient who had malaria and instead of giving him immediately quinine, he made a scarification with his paludic blood the skin of 3 paretic patients. Because of this he was awarded with the nobel prize. Since 1922 bismuth was used, but then it was substituted by the sulphamidas of difficult application. The most important therapeutical advance happened in 1943

  11. Interesantes hitos de las Ciencias Médicas en marzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Suárez Lezcano

    2015-12-01

    ón Nacional de Ciegos y Débiles Visuales en Cuba (ANCI. El 5 de marzo de 1910 el doctor Francisco Domínguez Roldán publica su obra de consulta Electrología Médica, primera en su clase en Cuba. El 7 de marzo de 1857 nace en Wels, el siquiatra austriaco Julius von Wagner Jauregg. Obtuvo el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1927 por haber descubierto el valor terapéutico de la inoculación palúdica contra la demencia paralítica. En 1938, nace en Nueva York el microbiólogo estadounidense David Baltimore. Compartió el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1975 con el biólogo de origen italiano Renato Dulbecco y el oncólogo estadounidense Howard Martin Temin. Los tres obtuvieron el premio por haber hallado la interacción que tiene lugar entre los virus cancerígenos y el material genético de las células. El 8 de marzo de 1819 se comienzan las clases de Anatomía, impartidas por el cirujano José Tasso. En  1848, el doctor Ramón Zambrana describe por primera vez en Cuba los síntomas que presentó un paciente operado con cloroformo. La operación fue la ligadura de la arteria femoral derecha, realizada por el doctor José Atanasio Valdés. En 1887, el doctor Francisco Cabrera Saavedra informa en la Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de La Habana, haber practicado la primera histerectomía en Cuba con éxito inmediato y mediato. En 1896, nace en South Norwalk, Connecticut, el bioquímico estadounidense Edward Calvin Kendall.  Compartió el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1950 con el endocrinólogo de igual nacionalidad, Philip Showalter Hench y el químico de origen polaco Tadeusz Reichstein. Los tres hicieron estudios relacionados con la estructura y los efectos biológicos de las hormonas de la corteza suprarrenal. El 9 de marzo de 1860 nace en Sagua la Grande Joaquín Albarrán Domínguez. Estudió y se graduó de médico en España,  y llega a ser reconocido como un urólogo de fama mundial. En 1925 se

  12. Obituary: Hans Albrecht Bethe, 1906-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijers, Ralph

    2007-12-01

    One of the unquestioned giants of physics and astrophysics, Hans Bethe, died on 6 March 2005, at the venerable age of 98, in his home town of Ithaca, New York. Seven decades of contributing to research and a Nobel Prize for his work on stellar hydrogen burning make a listing of his honors superfluous (besides being impossible in this space). Bethe was born in Strassburg, in then German Alsass Lothringen, on 2 July 1906. His father, Albrecht Julius Bethe (1872-1954), taught physiology at the University, and his mother, Anna Kuhn (1876-1966), was a musician and writer. Both his grandfathers were physicians. He spent his youth in Strassburg, Kiel, and Frankfurt, and some time in sanatoria due to tuberculosis. Hans's first scientific paper, at age 18, was with his father and a colleague, on dialysis. His education and early career in Germany brought him into contact with many top stars in the quantum revolution. Starting in Frankfurt in chemistry, Bethe soon switched to physics, taught there by Walter Gerlach and Karl Meissner, among others. In 1926, he successfully applied to join Arnold Sommerfeld's group in Munich, where he met one of his later long-term collaborators, Rudolf Peierls. Bethe considered his entry into physics to have come at an ideal time, with the new ideas of wave mechanics being developed and discussed right there; it was certainly also at an ideal place. His doctoral thesis was on the theory of electron diffraction by crystals, following the experimental work by Clinton Davisson and Lester Germer and the work on X-ray diffraction by Max von Laue and Paul Ewald. The newly minted doctor went from there briefly to Frankfurt and then to Ewald in Stuttgart, where he felt at home academically and personally. In 1939, Bethe would marry Ewald's daughter Rose. Not much later, though, Sommerfeld recalled him to Munich, where Sommerfeld created a Privatdozent position for him. There he worked out the solution for a linear chain of coupled spins by what we

  13. From Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2012-04-01

    effective MCDA method for E-learning-related decisions. The 11th article is on “The Use of Virtual Ethnography in Distance Education Research”, written by Kadriye UZUN and C. Hakan AYDIN, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey. In this study, the authors have been axplained the method of virtual ethnography in detail, inform about data gathering instruments such as participatory virtual observation, online and offline (face to face interviews touch upon ethical questions related to field studies and highlight the elements that call for attention in the use of virtual ethnography in distance education studies.In the 12th article, Michael K. BARBOUR and his doctorants Angelene McLAREN and Lin ZHANG from Wayne State University, USA present their paper titled “It’s Not That Tough: Students Speak About Their Online Learning Experiences”. They declare that students largely enjoyed their virtual school courses and found the synchronous classes, the technology, and the ability to control their own learning as positive aspects of their experience. Students also found the lack of a sense of community, working during their asynchronous class time, and the asynchronous course content to be challenging; and made suggestions for improvement to each, along with advice to future virtual school students.The 13th article written by Inegbedion, JULIET O., National Open University of Nigeria and Adeyemi JULIUS K. from University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria on “Cost Drivers In Distance Education: The Values In Nigerian Universities“. In their study they mentioned distance university education has come a long way in Nigeria. It started as a dual mode and today has both the dual and single modes. However, the system has been faced majorly with the challenge of inadequate funding. This has hampered the success rate of the system. Therefore for the purpose of appropriate utilizations of the available fund, it is necessary that the knowledge of the unit cost of cost drivers is gained