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Sample records for jules gabriel verne

  1. Discover Paris with Jules Verne.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Anna E.

    1996-01-01

    An approach to teaching French literature that uses a Jules Verne novel published only in 1994 is described. The novel, "Paris in the 20th Century," is the basis for a series of written and oral exercises about the novel, its social and cultural context, the author, and the actual changes that have occurred in Paris in comparison with…

  2. Astronomy and astronomers in Jules Verne's novels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crovisier, Jacques

    2011-06-01

    Almost all the Voyages Extraordinaires written by Jules Verne refer to astronomy. In some of them, astronomy is even the leading theme. However, Jules Verne was basically not learned in science. His knowledge of astronomy came from contemporaneous popular publications and discussions with specialists among his friends or his family. In this article, I examine, from the text and illustrations of his novels, how astronomy was perceived and conveyed by Jules Verne, with errors and limitations on the one hand, with great respect and enthusiasm on the other hand. This informs us on how astronomy was understood by an ``honnête homme'' in the late 19th century.

  3. Jules Verne's Metaphor of the Iron Cage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossewaarde, Marinus R.R.

    2010-01-01

    Max Weber's concept of the iron cage has become a byword in the scholarly world since the publication in 1930 of Talcott Parsons’ translation of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. What is less well-known is that Jules Verne had earlier used the iron cage metaphor in Twenty Thousand

  4. Jules Verne's Metaphor of the Iron Cage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossewaarde, M.R.R.

    2010-01-01

    Max Weber's concept of the iron cage has become a byword in the scholarly world since the publication in 1930 of Talcott Parsons’ translation of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. What is less well-known is that Jules Verne had earlier used the iron cage metaphor in Twenty Thousand L

  5. Jules Verne - a new polishing technique related to FJP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij, S.M.; Fähnle, O.W.; Meeder, M.; Wons, T.; Braat, J.J.M.

    2003-01-01

    A variation on the fluid jet polishing (FJP) technique, arbitrarily named Jules Verne (JV), will be described in this article. Jules Verne is a glass processing technique that removes material due to the fact that the tool and the surface are in close contact, and a slurry moves in between the tool

  6. Jules Verne - a new polishing technique related to FJP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij, S.M.; Fähnle, O.W.; Meeder, M.; Wons, T.; Braat, J.J.M.

    2003-01-01

    A variation on the fluid jet polishing (FJP) technique, arbitrarily named Jules Verne (JV), will be described in this article. Jules Verne is a glass processing technique that removes material due to the fact that the tool and the surface are in close contact, and a slurry moves in between the tool

  7. Planets, comets and small bodies in Jules Verne's novels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crovisier, J.

    2011-10-01

    Almost all the Voyages Extraordinaires written by Jules Verne refer to astronomy. In some of them, astronomy is even the leading theme. However, Jules Verne was basically not learned in science. His knowledge of astronomy came from contemporaneous popular publications and discussions with specialists among his friends or his family. In this contribution, I examine, from selected texts and illustrations of his novels, how astronomy — and especially planetary science — was perceived and conveyed by Jules Verne, with errors and limitations on the one hand, with great respect and enthusiasm on the other hand.

  8. Jules Verne Mare Soils as Revealed by Clementine UVVIS Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yingst, R. A.; Head, J. W.

    1999-03-01

    To determine the nature of potentially low-Ca pyroxene (noritic) spectra in six South Pole-Aitken basin mare deposits, we undertake a multispectral analysis of a representative of these deposits, that associated with Jules Verne crater.

  9. Sharp and the Jules Verne Launcher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, John; Cartland, Harry

    1996-03-01

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has built the worlds largest hydrogen gas gun called SHARP, (Super High Altitude Research Project). Originally designed to launch 5 kg to a 450 km altitude, SHARP is configured horizontally at Site 300 in Tracy, California. SHARP is successfully delivering 5 kg scramjets at Mach 9 in aerophysics tests. Some of the results of the scramjet tests are enlightening and are presented insofar as they are relevant to future launches into space. Using a light gas gun to launch payloads into orbit has been analyzed. We look at LEO (Low Earth Orbit), GEO (Geosynchronous Earth Orbit), and LO (Lunar Orbit). We present a conceptual design for a large light gas gun called the Jules Verne Launcher (JVL). The JVL can deliver 3.3 metric tons to a 500 km low earth orbit. We anticipate one launch per day. We present the history of light gas guns, the SHARP design and performance, and the JVL design. Another section is devoted to the vehicle environment and resultant design. Lastly, we present a cost analysis. Our results indicated that the JVL will be able to deliver 1000 metric tons of payload to LEO yearly. The cost will be 5% of the best US rocket delivery cost. This technology will enable the next phase of man's exploration of space.

  10. The Jules Verne island; L'Ile de Jules Verne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigfusson, T.I. [Universite d' Islande, Reykjavik, et Icelandic New Energy, Reykjavik (Iceland)

    2004-11-01

    During a thousand of years since its colonization by the Vikings in 874, Iceland has been practically an energy-less country. The French imaginative writer Jules Verne published his novel 'the mystery island' in 1874, i.e. exactly at the time of the first millennium of existence of the Icelandic people. In his book, J. Verne has imagined an island where the energy source was hydrogen produced by water electrolysis. Iceland is progressively building an hydrogen-based society like the one of J. Verne's dream. This article describes the path to follow to reach such a society: energy situation of Iceland today, history of energy conversion technologies, environmental impacts, feasibility of an hydrogen-based economy, 50 years transition era between petroleum product and hydrogen uses in the transportation sector, ECTOS (ecological city transport system) project, cooperation with other European countries (in particular France), hydrogen production and storage technologies, research on metal hydrides, teaching and information dissemination program. (J.S.)

  11. Army After Next, Airland Battle 2000, Futuristic Concepts or Jules Verne?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-14

    service or government agency. STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT ARMY AFTER NEXT, AIRLAND BATTLE 2000, FUTURISTIC CONCEPTS OR JULES VERNE ? BY...AIRLAND BATTLE 2000, FUTURISTIC CONCEPTS OR JULES VERNE ? by LTC Francis G. Mahon Dr. Douglas V. Johnson Project Advisor Colonel Ronald Ouellette...Battle 2000, Futuristic Concepts or Jules Verne ? FORMAT: Strategy Research Project DATE: 14 April 1998 PAGES: 67 CLASSIFICATION

  12. Jules Verne: a new polishing technique related to FJP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booij, Silvia M.; Faehnle, Oliver W.; Meeder, Mark; Wons, Torsten; Braat, Joseph J. M.

    2004-01-01

    A variation on the fluid jet polishing (FJP) technique, arbitrarily named Jules Verne (JV), will be described in this article. Jules Verne is a glass processing technique that removes material due to the fact that the tool and the surface are in close contact, and a slurry moves in between the tool and the surface. This approach has both advantages and disadvantages with respect to the original FJP modus: it enables a feed-controlled machining process, but deeper lying areas are harder to reach. A simulation model will be presented that predicts the flow of the slurry in the Jules Verne setup, which is followed by the computation of the trajectories of the particles in the flow. Furthermore, experimental data will be reported demonstrating the feasibility of the JV idea. A model will also be presented simulating the interaction between the surface and the impinging abrasives at a microscopic level, enabling the prediction of the final surface roughness.

  13. In Jules Verne's Footsteps: Seismology in the source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellsworth, Bill; Ito, Hisao; Malin, Peter; Abercrombie, Rachel

    When Professor Otto Lidenbrock led his little band to the center of the Earth in Jules Verne's 1864 classic novel, the intrepid adventurers needed little more than practical 19th century clothes to provide them with comfort and protection. How different the science of earthquakes would be if conditions in the Earth were really so friendly to the would-be observer. Even the operation of seismic sensors at the relatively modest depth of 2-3 km, roughly the depth of the shallowest crustal earthquakes, requires careful precautions against the effects of unstable materials, temperature, pressure, and water for successful long-term observations to be made. Indeed, the handful of successful deep borehole experiments that have been conducted to date have depended on simple sensors with limited bandwidth and dynamic range, and have yielded data that were not ideally suited to investigating the details of the earthquake source.

  14. Jules Verne Voyager: A Web Interactive Tool for Comparative Planetology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estey, L.; Pappalardo, R.; Meertens, C.

    2004-12-01

    A Web interactive map tool called "Jules Verne Voyager" was originally developed in 1999 by UNAVCO and continues to evolve. The Voyager tool can easily be used for comparative planetology studies by grades 8-14. Thematic mapping datasets, now totaling about 70 Gb, can be accessed by the tool and include global-scale maps of the inner solar system planets and moons, plus Jupiter and the Galilean moons. The map images are viewed on a Web browser created on demand by the server system. On the client-side, only a Java-enabled browser is required, and the Voyager Java applet runs well with common browsers like Netscape, Mozilla, Opera, and Internet Explorer. The applet sends a key-value pair URL to the http://jules.unavco.org server which queues incoming requests and sends them to a bank of computers dedicated to map image creation. The engine for map image creation makes use of the "Generic Mapping Tools" (GMT) software of Paul Wessel and Walter Smith, followed by image conversion of the GMT-created PostScript to GIF for raster image export and display back on the client browser. Because of the GMT-based engine on the server system, the student user can easily create the same type of images from real planetary data that researchers create. The tool also gives a student the ability to switch background datasets and overlay certain other thematic datasets, thus providing a minimal GIS capability. To our knowledge, the map tool has not yet formally been used in a 8-14 classroom environment, though informal use by students and teachers in these grades suggest that it would be well received. The server system is currently capable of handing a moderate level of requests that would result from classroom use; for example, as a system benchmark, over 800 Voyager images were created and served in about an hour during a DLESE 2003 annual meeting workshop. The Voyager map tool is being used by instructors in earth science and comparative planetology as a means to create customized

  15. POSITIVISM, INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND URBANISM - UTOPIA AND REALITY IN THE JULES VERNE'S NOVEL "THE BEGUM'S FORTUNE"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel H. Valsecchi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to analyze negative consequences (social, political, psychological and so forth of utopian projects, which crippled society and people by negation of reality and at the same time oblige them to accept these plans. In order to do this we analyze characteristics of two constructions which are thoroughly depicted by Jules Verne: an Arms Fabric (Stahlstadt and a city which was mathematically built (France Ville. Furthermore there are reflections about positivism - i.e. the ground of these projects.

  16. Jules Verne Voyager, Jr: An Interactive Map Tool for Teaching Plate Tectonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamburger, M. W.; Meertens, C. M.

    2010-12-01

    We present an interactive, web-based map utility that can make new geological and geophysical results accessible to a large number and variety of users. The tool provides a user-friendly interface that allows users to access a variety of maps, satellite images, and geophysical data at a range of spatial scales. The map tool, dubbed 'Jules Verne Voyager, Jr.', allows users to interactively create maps of a variety of study areas around the world. The utility was developed in collaboration with the UNAVCO Consortium for study of global-scale tectonic processes. Users can choose from a variety of base maps (including "Face of the Earth" and "Earth at Night" satellite imagery mosaics, global topography, geoid, sea-floor age, strain rate and seismic hazard maps, and others), add a number of geographic and geophysical overlays (coastlines, political boundaries, rivers and lakes, earthquake and volcano locations, stress axes, etc.), and then superimpose both observed and model velocity vectors representing a compilation of 2933 GPS geodetic measurements from around the world. A remarkable characteristic of the geodetic compilation is that users can select from some 21 plates' frames of reference, allowing a visual representation of both 'absolute' plate motion (in a no-net rotation reference frame) and relative motion along all of the world's plate boundaries. The tool allows users to zoom among at least three map scales. The map tool can be viewed at http://jules.unavco.org/VoyagerJr/Earth. A more detailed version of the map utility, developed in conjunction with the EarthScope initiative, focuses on North America geodynamics, and provides more detailed geophysical and geographic information for the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The ‘EarthScope Voyager’ can be accessed at http://jules.unavco.org/VoyagerJr/EarthScope. Because the system uses pre-constructed gif images and overlays, the system can rapidly create and display maps to a large number of users

  17. [Citation errors: Uplavici (for Hlava) and William the Silent (for Jules Verne and Mignet)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lienhart, A

    2011-05-01

    A certain 'O Uplavici' was cited for more than fifty years, although he had never existed. This error probably came from a misinterpretation of the Czech language, in which the real author's name--Hlava--can mean 'Title'. It was finally recognized, which was not the case for the author of the sentence: 'I have no need of hope to take action, nor of success to persevere', it is still regularly attributed in France to William I, Prince of Orange, called the Silent. It is a mistake, and no serious reference certifies that an historical figure would have pronounced this sentence. It was written by the historian Mignet in 1841, to describe the character of William III, Prince of Orange and King of England. It was then used in 1875 by Jules Verne, to describe a character in 'The Mysterious Island'. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  18. Vamos ao Brasil com Jules Verne?: processos editoriais e civilização nas Voyages Extraordinaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Borges Leão

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No século XIX, uma rede de conhecimentos sobre as diferenças culturais dos povos americanos marcou a edição destinada à instrução e diversão da juventude francesa. Uma das 62 Voyages Extraordinaires de Jules Verne, publicadas por Pierre-Jules Hetzel, é ambientada entre o Peru e o Brasil: La Jangada, huit cents lieues sur l'Amazone (1881. Na produção de literatura juvenil que se desenvolve e expande no comércio transatlântico da livraria francesa, sobressai uma psicogênese do Brasil. Por esse ângulo, a via de análise aberta pelo sociólogo Norbert Elias ajudou a enfrentar o problema das emoções humanas, no romance de viagem, e a conceituar a atividade mimética no livro de ciência e recreação.In the 19th century, a net of knowledge about cultural differences of the populations of Americas imprint the edition assign to instruction and entertainment of the young French people. One of the 62 Voyages Extraordinaires of Jules Verne, published by Pierre-Jules Hetzel, is set between Peru and Brazil: La Jangada, huit cents lieues sur l'Amazone (Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon - 1881. Around the juvenile production that grows and expands in the transatlantic trade of the French bookstore, a psychogenesis of Brazil shines through. By this angle, the analytic way opened by the sociologist Norbert Elias helps to face the problem of the human emotions in the travel novel and also helps to consider the mimetic activity in the book of science and entertainment.

  19. D'Elisée Reclus à Jules Verne. Aux origines de la géographie dans les Voyages Extraordinaires.

    OpenAIRE

    Dupuy, Lionel

    2006-01-01

    Les Voyages Extraordinaires de Jules Verne témoignent de nombreux emprunts aux ouvrages du géographe français Elisée Reclus, au premier rang desquels figure sa monumentale Nouvelle Géographie Universelle. Il est intéressant de remarquer que les références directes a Elisée Reclus dans les romans de Jules Verne datent toutes d'après 1885, un tournant majeur dans la production vernienne.

  20. Analysis of Media Stereotypes of the Russian Image in Media Studies in the Student Audience (example: the screen versions of Jules Verne's Novel “Michael Strogoff”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Fedorov

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available As a result of the analysis students come to the conclusion that the screen adaptations of Jules Verne's novel ''Michael Strogoff'' create, though an oversimplified and adapted to western stereotypes of perception, but a positive image of Russia – as a stronghold of European values at the Asian frontiers, a country with a severe climate, boundless Siberian spacious areas, manly and patriotic warriors, a wise monarchy. At the same time, both Jules Verne's novel and its screen adaptations contain clear-cut western pragmatism – the confidence that if a man has a proper will he can rule his destiny.

  1. Jules Verne, le Québec et le Canada. Variations sur la géographie et l'écologie humaine dans trois romans canadiens de Jules Verne.

    OpenAIRE

    Dupuy, Lionel

    2009-01-01

    La géographie est au cœur des récits verniens, elle en est la pierre angulaire. Nous avions à ce titre présenté dans un article précédent comment la géographie, en particulier dans les romans de Jules Verne, peut être abordée également dans sa dimension imaginaire, symbolique, mystérieuse. Nous aimerions ainsi, dans ce nouvel article, souligner comment cette dernière sert aussi de base à l'élaboration de ce que nous pouvons appeler aujourd'hui une écologie humaine des Voyages Extraordinaires....

  2. La géographie de Jules Verne et ses cartes dans L’île mystérieuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacky Fontanabona

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Destinés à la jeunesse, les Voyages extraordinaires ont une vocation récréative mais aussi éducative. Romancier, Jules Verne veut aussi contribuer à la diffusion d'une géographie de son temps, descriptive, encyclopédique, de plain-pied dans une réalité constituée de «faits avérés». Dans L’île mystérieuse, il subvertit cette dernière règle en narrant la colonisation d’un territoire fictif par des Robinsons. Articulant carte, images et texte littéraire, l'édition illustrée devient alors un système d’expression qui joue du diptyque véracité/véridicité pour inventer une chimère géographique.

  3. Vamos ao Brasil com Jules Verne?: processos editoriais e civilização nas Voyages Extraordinaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Borges Leão

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No século XIX, uma rede de conhecimentos sobre as diferenças culturais dos povos americanos marcou a edição destinada à instrução e diversão da juventude francesa. Uma das 62 Voyages Extraordinaires de Jules Verne, publicadas por Pierre-Jules Hetzel, é ambientada entre o Peru e o Brasil: La Jangada, huit cents lieues sur l'Amazone (1881. Na produção de literatura juvenil que se desenvolve e expande no comércio transatlântico da livraria francesa, sobressai uma psicogênese do Brasil. Por esse ângulo, a via de análise aberta pelo sociólogo Norbert Elias ajudou a enfrentar o problema das emoções humanas, no romance de viagem, e a conceituar a atividade mimética no livro de ciência e recreação.

  4. Jules Verne, Le Superbe Orénoque et la géophagie. L'intertextualité au service de l'exotisme géographique.

    OpenAIRE

    Dupuy, Lionel

    2009-01-01

    L'exégèse de l'œuvre de Jules Verne ouvre parfois la voie à des interprétations très inattendues. Tel est ainsi l'exemple de la géophagie que l'auteur évoque dans quelques-uns de ses romans, et plus particulièrement dans Le Superbe Orénoque (1898). Si pour certains auteurs Jules Verne fait directement écho ici à ses propres ennuis gastriques, nous voudrions cependant rappeler les sources qu'il a utilisées pour écrire son roman. Sans renier pour autant l'interprétation qui est proposée par ces...

  5. Water Will Be the Coal of the Future—The Untamed Dream of Jules Verne for a Solar Fuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir K. Ryabchuk

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article evokes the futuristic visions of two giants, one a writer, Jules Verne, who foresaw water as the coal of the future, and the other a scientist, Giacomo Ciamician, who foresaw the utilization of solar energy as an energy source with which to drive photochemical and photocatalytic reactions for the betterment of mankind. Specifically, we examine briefly the early work of the 1960s and 1970s on the photosplitting of free water and water adsorbed on solid supports, based mostly on metal oxides, from which both hydrogen and oxygen evolve in the expected stoichiometric ratio of 2 to 1. The two oil crises of the 1970s (1973 and 1979 spurred the interest of researchers from various disciplines (photochemistry, photo-catalysis and photoelectrochemistry in search of a Holy Grail photocatalyst, process, or strategy to achieve efficient water splitting so as to provide an energy source alternative to fossil fuels. Some approaches to the photosplitting of water adsorbed on solid insulators (high bandgap materials; Ebg ≥ 5 eV and semiconductor photocatalysts (metal oxides are described from which we deduce that metal oxides with bandgap energies around 5 eV (e.g., ZrO2 are more promising materials to achieve significant water splitting on the basis of quantum yields than narrower bandgap photocatalysts (e.g., TiO2; Ebg ≈ 3.0–3.2 eV, which tend to be relatively inactive by comparison. Although proof of concept of the photosplitting of water has been demonstrated repeatedly in the last four decades, much remains to be done to find the Holy Grail photocatalyst and/or strategy to achieve significant yields of hydrogen.

  6. Water Will Be the Coal of the Future-The Untamed Dream of Jules Verne for a Solar Fuel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryabchuk, Vladimir K; Kuznetsov, Vyacheslav N; Emeline, Alexei V; Artem'ev, Yurii M; Kataeva, Galina V; Horikoshi, Satoshi; Serpone, Nick

    2016-11-29

    This article evokes the futuristic visions of two giants, one a writer, Jules Verne, who foresaw water as the coal of the future, and the other a scientist, Giacomo Ciamician, who foresaw the utilization of solar energy as an energy source with which to drive photochemical and photocatalytic reactions for the betterment of mankind. Specifically, we examine briefly the early work of the 1960s and 1970s on the photosplitting of free water and water adsorbed on solid supports, based mostly on metal oxides, from which both hydrogen and oxygen evolve in the expected stoichiometric ratio of 2 to 1. The two oil crises of the 1970s (1973 and 1979) spurred the interest of researchers from various disciplines (photochemistry, photo-catalysis and photoelectrochemistry) in search of a Holy Grail photocatalyst, process, or strategy to achieve efficient water splitting so as to provide an energy source alternative to fossil fuels. Some approaches to the photosplitting of water adsorbed on solid insulators (high bandgap materials; Ebg ≥ 5 eV) and semiconductor photocatalysts (metal oxides) are described from which we deduce that metal oxides with bandgap energies around 5 eV (e.g., ZrO₂) are more promising materials to achieve significant water splitting on the basis of quantum yields than narrower bandgap photocatalysts (e.g., TiO₂; Ebg ≈ 3.0-3.2 eV), which tend to be relatively inactive by comparison. Although proof of concept of the photosplitting of water has been demonstrated repeatedly in the last four decades, much remains to be done to find the Holy Grail photocatalyst and/or strategy to achieve significant yields of hydrogen.

  7. La recepció de l'obra de Jules Verne pels lectors de diferents èpoques : Anàlisi de traduccions i adaptacions en català, castellà i anglès

    OpenAIRE

    Capdevila Vinaja, Marta

    2015-01-01

    Anàlisi de l'obra de Jules Verne des del punt de vista educatiu. Exposició dels seu valor educatiu en el camp de la ciència, la geografia i la història, així com també dels seus valors morals. Contradiccions entre la intenció educativa de les seves traduccions i adaptacions per a joves lectors actuals i el xoc moral que pot provocar el racisme, l'etnocentrisme i el masclisme del segle XIX, present implícitament i explícit a totes les obres de Jules Verne. Análisis de la obra de Julio Verne...

  8. En malstrøm til begjær. Moskenesstraumen som myte og metafor hos Petter Dass, Edgar Allan Poe og Jules Verne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Even Arntzen

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Gjennom uminnelige tider har mennesket vært fascinert av havet. I en rekke skapelsesmyter fremstår gjerne havet som en positiv størrelse, en pulserende og livgivende urtidsstrøm. Men ved siden av å være en raus kilde til liv, er havet også nært forbundet med undergang og død,forlis og drukning. Få havstykker har som den beryktede Moskenesstraumen fått denne havets dobbelthet knyttet til seg - på den ene siden verdens største barselseng, på den annen side dødens grusomme svelg. Kanskje med unntak av Bermuda-trianglet i Sargassohavet, stedet hvor skip, og etter hvert også fly, angivelig skal ha forsvunnet sporløst i årevis, er det neppe noe havområde i verden som opp gjennom århundrene er blitt beskrevet og illustrert i tilsvarende grad som Moskenesstraumen. I denne artikkelen skal jeg rette fokus mot tre av de mange som, på høyst forskjellig vis, har latt seg fascinere og inspirere av Moskenesstraumen, nemlig Petter Dass, Edgar Allan Poeog Jules Verne.

  9. ATV "Jules Verne" Tests Campaign at ESA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pery, V.; Bouchery, J.-P.; Le Querrec, L.; Maurel, E.; Ruffino, F.

    2004-08-01

    This paper provides with an overview of the ATV first flight model tests campaign that is to take place at ESTEC Test Centre between summer 2004 and mid- 2005. The ATV vehicle mission, configuration and development logic are first briefly described. The campaign sequence and purposes are then outlined together with the main tests principles and objectives. Some of the main constraints that drive the campaign preparation and performance as well as some particular safety aspects are finally defined.

  10. Alexis Carrel: Jules Verne of cardiovascular surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, S G

    1988-03-01

    There is in every field one individual who stands apart as a great thinker, leader, or teacher. In the field of cardiovascular surgery, Alexis Carrel was each of these. Proof of this lies in the fact that daily, the modern cardiovascular surgeon is likely to use a concept or technique first developed by Carrel. During the 75th anniversary year of Carrel's receipt of the Nobel Prize, the life and work of this great innovator should be remembered.

  11. Planeta Verne. La vuelta al mundo en ochenta libros

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez de Pisón, Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    Eduardo Martínez de Pisón se centra en la faceta geográfica de Julio Verne a través de un libro suyo titulado la “Tierra de Jules Verne. Geografía y aventura”, en donde se realiza una introducción a la obra geográfica del escritor. Para ello, el autor analiza la producción literaria de Verne buscando elementos geográficos en los pasajes de ficción y se estudia en relación a la abundante e influyente base geográfica de sus relatos. También se analiza el valor manifiestamente pedagógico de la o...

  12. Planeta Verne. La vuelta al mundo en ochenta libros

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez de Pisón, Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    Eduardo Martínez de Pisón se centra en la faceta geográfica de Julio Verne a través de un libro suyo titulado la “Tierra de Jules Verne. Geografía y aventura”, en donde se realiza una introducción a la obra geográfica del escritor. Para ello, el autor analiza la producción literaria de Verne buscando elementos geográficos en los pasajes de ficción y se estudia en relación a la abundante e influyente base geográfica de sus relatos. También se analiza el valor manifiestamente pedagógico de la o...

  13. París en el siglo XX según Julio Verne

    OpenAIRE

    Diego, Rosa de

    1995-01-01

    L'objet de cet article est l'analyse du roman de Jules Verne "Paris au XX siècle", écrit en 1863 et inédit jusqu'a 1994. Il s'agit d'un roman d'imagination scientifique parce qu'il décrit et anticipe, avec une exactitude surprenante, comment sera Paris pendant la deuxieme moitié du XX siècle, sous un point de vue urbanistique, technologique, économique et social. Jules Verne apparait également comme un écrivain philosophe, avec une vision péssimiste du progrès de la civilisation et de la soli...

  14. París en el siglo XX según Julio Verne

    OpenAIRE

    Diego, Rosa de

    1995-01-01

    L'objet de cet article est l'analyse du roman de Jules Verne "Paris au XX siècle", écrit en 1863 et inédit jusqu'a 1994. Il s'agit d'un roman d'imagination scientifique parce qu'il décrit et anticipe, avec une exactitude surprenante, comment sera Paris pendant la deuxieme moitié du XX siècle, sous un point de vue urbanistique, technologique, économique et social. Jules Verne apparait également comme un écrivain philosophe, avec une vision péssimiste du progrès de la civilisation et de la soli...

  15. Gabriel Bertrand

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Wisniak

    2014-01-01

    Gabriel Bertrand (1867 -1962), un prolífico bioquímico, farmacéutico y químico Francés, uno de los padres de la enzimología, descubrió un número importante de enzimas, demostró que varias de ellas contenían un metal y la importancia que tienen trazas de muchos elementos en el desarrollo de organismos vivientes. Sintetizó muchas sustancias nuevas por oxidación de azúcares cetónicos y polialcoholes; estudió el veneno de batracios y serpientes y la manera de neutralizar sus efectos; estudió la f...

  16. Gabriel Bertrand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Wisniak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Bertrand (1867 -1962, un prolífico bioquímico, farmacéutico y químico Francés, uno de los padres de la enzimología, descubrió un número importante de enzimas, demostró que varias de ellas contenían un metal y la importancia que tienen trazas de muchos elementos en el desarrollo de organismos vivientes. Sintetizó muchas sustancias nuevas por oxidación de azúcares cetónicos y polialcoholes; estudió el veneno de batracios y serpientes y la manera de neutralizar sus efectos; estudió la fermentación de vinos, la transformación de la xilosa en xilita, los fenómenos producidos por el Aspergillus níger, las acciones de las levaduras, alcaloides, etc.

  17. JULES-ANTOINE REGNAULD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Wisniak

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Jules - Antoine Regnauld (1822 - 1895, médico y farmacéutico francés q ue realizó investigaciones sobre los alcaloides midriáticos (como la atropina, fenómenos electroquímicos, fuerza electromotriz, amalgamas, propiedades de mezclado en disoluciones salinas, fisiología, electrofisiología, fluorescencia de órganos vivos, quím ica médica, anestesia y fenómenos de visión. Como resultado de ellos inventó un nuevo procedimiento para medir la fuerza electromotriz (método de oposición, y desarrolló una explicación de la influencia de la electricidad sobre los músculos y la visión bi nocular.

  18. L’Asie mystérieuse : premier numéro du Bulletin du Club Verne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Chiron

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Depuis 2007 l’Association des Amis du Roman populaire a son siège et son centre de documentation à Vignacourt près d’Amiens. Si la revue Le Rocambole qu’elle produit perdure, cette association a souhaité replacer dans des objectifs de vulgarisation l’œuvre de Jules Verne dans le contexte de production de romans populaires pour la période allant des débuts du XIXe siècle à la Grande Guerre. D’où la création du nouveau périodique le Bulletin du Club Verne. Il est nécessaire de distinguer ce der...

  19. Un viaje al interior de la lectura con Julio Verne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Begoña Carretero Gómez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se ha centrado en la lectura de textos de ciencia ficción en las clases de ciencias. El objetivo más importante de esta experiencia ha sido conseguir que los alumnos desarrollen la capacidad de relacionar conceptos que aparecen en la lectura con los conocimientos adquiridos previamente en clase. Como bien dice Loscertales y Núñez (1997 los alumnos de nuestro sistema educativo son los que configuran el trabajo del profesor, el cual deberá poner en práctica todos los recursos a su alcance para adecuar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje a los intereses, necesidades, y características del alumnado. Por ello la idea de acudir a la lectura de textos de ciencia ficción sería una buena forma de hacer este proceso más atractivo.Es muy importante acercar la ciencia y hacerla más accesible. La ciencia ficción ayuda a fomentar el interés por las ciencias estimulando la curiosidad del alumnado, por lo que utilizarla en las clases Biología ha sido una buena estrategia para conseguir aproximar la ciencia y mejorar la capacidad lectora del alumnado. Para llevarla a cabo se ha elegido la novela “Viaje al centro de la Tierra” de Jules Verne.

  20. Un viaje al interior de la lectura con Julio Verne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carretero Gómez, Mª.B

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se ha centrado en la lectura de textos de ciencia ficción en las clases de ciencias. El objetivo más importante de esta experiencia ha sido conseguir que los alumnos desarrollen la capacidad de relacionar conceptos que aparecen en la lectura con los conocimientos adquiridos previamente en clase. Como bien dice Loscertales y Núñez (1997 los alumnos de nuestro sistema educativo son los que configuran el trabajo del profesor, el cual deberá poner en práctica todos los recursos a su alcance para adecuar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje a los intereses, necesidades, y características del alumnado. Por ello la idea de acudir a la lectura de textos de ciencia ficción sería una buena forma de hacer este proceso más atractivo. Es muy importante acercar la ciencia y hacerla más accesible. La ciencia ficción ayuda a fomentar el interés por las ciencias estimulando la curiosidad del alumnado, por lo que utilizarla en las clases Biología ha sido una buena estrategia para conseguir aproximar la ciencia y mejorar la capacidad lectora del alumnado. Para llevarla a cabo se ha elegido la novela “Viaje al centro de la Tierra” de Jules Verne.

  1. Gabriel's Other Possessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royer, Melvin

    2012-01-01

    Gabriel's Horn is a solid of revolution commonly featured in calculus textbooks as a counter-intuitive example of a solid having finite volume but infinite surface area. Other examples of solids with surprising geometrical finitude relationships have also appeared in the literature. This article cites several intriguing examples (some of fractal…

  2. Lennujaamast ja parunist puu otsas : [lugemiselamustest] / Ülar Ploom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ploom, Ülar

    2007-01-01

    Maailmaklassikast: Mark Twaini "Huckelberry Finni seiklused", Jules Verne'i "Saladuslik saar", Gabriel García Márquezi "Sada aastat üksildust", Aleksandr Erteli "Gardeninid", Italo Calvino "Parun puu otsas"

  3. Lennujaamast ja parunist puu otsas : [lugemiselamustest] / Ülar Ploom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ploom, Ülar

    2007-01-01

    Maailmaklassikast: Mark Twaini "Huckelberry Finni seiklused", Jules Verne'i "Saladuslik saar", Gabriel García Márquezi "Sada aastat üksildust", Aleksandr Erteli "Gardeninid", Italo Calvino "Parun puu otsas"

  4. Jules Verne Network: Extending and federating efforts to promote Earth sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosmorduc, V.; Bonnefond, P.; Stewart, R.

    2003-04-01

    Earth sciences are a key element of the many issues concerning the environment, natural resource management and the place of humankind on Earth today. Earth science disciplines have taken a giant leap with the emergence of space-based observation techniques, but the benefits of advances achieved have not always been felt outside specialist circles. Our aim is to develop, encourage and raise awareness of these achievements, through outreach actions and educational programs, by informing persons likely to use and exploit results, as well as decision-makers and elected representatives, and by communicating to scientists working in related disciplines. We propose, within an international framework, to bring together scientists, engineers, teachers and science communicators to raise awareness among a broad spectrum of audiences of the current state of Earth science knowledge, especially what we have learned through space-based observations. By Earth sciences we mean all sciences studying the lithosphere, oceans, atmosphere, cryosphere, biosphere and other components of our planet and the way they interact.

  5. Space Debris Conjunction Risk Assessment for the ATV-Jules Verne Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delavault, S.; Dupuis, G.; Perrachon, P.

    2009-03-01

    This paper focuses on the collision risk assessment, between ATV and space debris, managed in ATV-CC at CNES during phasing to docking and de-orbit phases. First, the methods and results of middle and short term mission analyses are detailed. The effects of the two fragmentation events which occurred shortly before and after the launch (the US ASAT on USA 193 and the natural fragmentation of the Russian satellite COSMOS 2421) have been evaluated using models and data from GRAVES and USSTRATCOM catalogues. The results showed a important impact on the foreseen conjunction rate. Second, the operational procedure of the conjunction management is described. The operational organization within ATV-CC teams and with the international partners is also presented. Then, a statement of the operational conjunction management is done, showing a good consistency level with the predictions. Eventually this led to 3 avoidance events (but only one avoidance maneuver).

  6. Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days": Helping Teach the National Geography Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, Daniel P.; Kuhlke, Olaf

    2009-01-01

    Consistent with developments in American education pedagogy, geography educators have made great strides exploring a wide range of high- and low-tech methods for teaching and learning geographic concepts. This article draws on a qualitative analysis of essays in which college students discuss tenets of the National Geography Standards in the…

  7. Jules Horowitz Reactor, basic design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergamaschi, Y.; Bouilloux, Y.; Chantoin, P.; Guigon, B.; Bravo, X.; Germain, C.; Rommens, M.; Tremodeux, P

    2003-07-01

    Since the shutdown of the SILOE reactor in 1997, the OSIRIS reactor has ensured the needs regarding technological irradiation at CEA including those of its industrial partners and customers. The Jules Horowitz Reactor will replace it. It has the ambition to provide the necessary nuclear data and maintain a fission research capacity in Europe after 2010. This capacity should be service-oriented. It will be established in Cadarache. The Jules Horowitz reactor will also: - represent a significant step in term of performances and experimental capabilities, - be designed with a high flexibility, in order to satisfy the current demand from European industry, research and be able to accommodate future requirements, - reach a high level of safety, according to the best current practice. This paper will present the main functionalities and the design options resulting from the 'preliminary design' studies. (authors)

  8. Laverne (Vern) C. Johnson (1925-2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Paul

    2017-01-01

    Presents an obituary for Laverne (Vern) C. Johnson, who died at his home in La Mesa, California on October 1, 2016. Vern was a clinical psychologist who for two decades focused on a major program of research on sleep and biological rhythms, with particular emphasis on the relation of sleep loss and recovery to human performance, a matter of particular relevance to military service operations, in which variable work shift schedules and sustained performance over extended time periods are common. His publications attest to a core value he advanced throughout his career, namely, that scientific research at its best is a collaborative, team endeavor. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Gabriele Veneziano, CERN theoretical physicist

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    Gabriele Veneziano is pictured here during an interview with Paola Catapano for the RAI The Italian TV. Often heralded as the 'father of string theory', a theory that attempts to describe the fundamental building blocks of the Universe, Veneziano is a member of the CERN theory group.

  10. [Vernes/Augusti cancer assessment. Documentation 17].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jallut, O

    1989-08-02

    The principles are: Determination of mucopolysaccharides, expressed as weight of mannose-galactose per liter of serum. Because of the non-specificity of this test in cancers, it is combined with other "more specific tests of the inflammatory condition" (orosomucoids and seromucoids). The floculation reaction of proteins through acidified copper acetate provokes the formation in the serum of a precipitate containing mainly beta and gamma globulins, frequently found in the blood of cancer patients, not specific to that condition but nevertheless "providing information on the development of cancers". Originally this test was used as a method of cancer diagnosis but, according to Augusti, it is now to be considered as nothing more than "a means of following up a cancerous state under the effect of treatment". The set of tests amounts to sFr. 150.-, to be repeated every six weeks. The cancerometry has been developed in the thirties by Dr. Alfred Vernes and was used as method of very approximate testing of the hepatic functions. The main promoter is at present Dr. Augusti in Paris. Augusti, in a study on the results obtained in his laboratory during one year (20,000 various examinations), claims to have found differing histograms in healthy and cancerous subjects: "The two reactions assume a correct method of observing the cancerous state." Up to now no clinical trials have been published.

  11. LITERATURA DE EXPLORAÇÕES E AVENTURAS: AS “VIAGENS EXTRAORDINÁRIAS” DE JÚLIO VERNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Bueno Amorim Filho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMÉ: La forte croissance des études humanistes-culturelles au monde, dans les dernières decennies, a provoquéune rennaissance d’une ancienne collaboration entre la géographie et la littérature. Cet essai introductoirea pour objectif recouvrer une des manifestations littéraires le plus proches de la géographie, c’est a dire,la “littérature de voyages, explorations et aventures”.Cette littérature a eu son apogée dans l’Europe du XIXème siècle, surtout en Allemagne, au Royaume-Uni et en France. Dans ce dernier pays, l’écrivain Jules Verne est le meilleur exemple de ce type delittérature, avec sa grande collection de Voyages extraordinaires. Le but de cet essai est d’analyser lesconnexions de cette collection littéraire avec la géographie.

  12. Coupled carbon-nitrogen land surface modelling for UK agricultural landscapes using JULES and JULES-ECOSSE-FUN (JEF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comyn-Platt, Edward; Clark, Douglas; Blyth, Eleanor

    2016-04-01

    The UK is required to provide accurate estimates of the UK greenhouse gas (GHG; CO2, CH4 and N2O) emissions for the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). Process based land surface models (LSMs), such as the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), attempt to provide such estimates based on environmental (e.g. land use and soil type) and meteorological conditions. The standard release of JULES focusses on the water and carbon cycles, however, it has long been suggested that a coupled carbon-nitrogen scheme could enhance simulations. This is of particular importance when estimating agricultural emission inventories where the carbon cycle is effectively managed via the human application of nitrogen based fertilizers. JULES-ECOSSE-FUN (JEF) links JULES with the Estimation of Carbon in Organic Soils - Sequestration and Emission (ECOSSE) model and the Fixation and Uptake of Nitrogen (FUN) model as a means of simulating C:N coupling. This work presents simulations from the standard release of JULES and the most recent incarnation of the JEF coupled system at the point and field scale. Various configurations of JULES and JEF were calibrated and fine-tuned based on comparisons with observations from three UK field campaigns (Crichton, Harwood Forest and Brattleby) specifically chosen to represent the managed vegetation types that cover the UK. The campaigns included flux tower and chamber measurements of CO2, CH4 and N2O amongst other meteorological parameters and records of land management such as application of fertilizer and harvest date at the agricultural sites. Based on the results of these comparisons, JULES and/or JEF will be used to provide simulations on the regional and national scales in order to provide improved estimates of the total UK emission inventory.

  13. Un poeta de nuestro tiempo: Gabriel Ulloa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Garavito

    1967-01-01

    Full Text Available No es muy fácil hablar de poesía sin caer en lugares comunes. No es sencillo dar cuenta de las sensaciones y de las impresiones de un lector ante los poemas, poemillas o sonetos de Gabriel Ulloa, nacido en Bogotá el 31 de diciembre (tal vez La noche ,de San Silvestre, título de un poema suyo de 1930.

  14. Workspace and Kinematic Analysis of the VERNE machine

    CERN Document Server

    Kanaan, Daniel; Chablat, Damien

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the workspace and the inverse and direct kinematic analysis of the VERNE machine, a serial/parallel 5-axis machine tool designed by Fatronik for IRCCyN. This machine is composed of a three-degree-of-freedom (DOF) parallel module and a two-DOF serial tilting table. The parallel module consists of a moving platform that is connected to a fixed base by three non-identical legs. This feature involves (i) a simultaneous combination of rotation and translation for the moving platform, which is balanced by the tilting table and (ii) workspace whose shape and volume vary as a function of the tool length. This paper summarizes results obtained in the context of the European projects NEXT ("Next Generation of Productions Systems").

  15. Land surface parameter optimisation through data assimilation: the adJULES system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raoult, Nina; Jupp, Tim; Cox, Peter

    2017-04-01

    Land-surface models (LSMs) are crucial components of the Earth system models (ESMs) that are used to make coupled climate-carbon cycle projections for the 21st century. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is the land-surface model used in the climate and weather forecast models of the UK Met Office. JULES is also extensively used offline as a land-surface impacts tool, forced with climatologies into the future. In this study, JULES is automatically differentiated with respect to JULES parameters using commercial software from FastOpt, resulting in an analytical gradient, or adjoint, of the model. Using this adjoint, the adJULES parameter estimation system has been developed to search for locally optimum parameters by calibrating against observations. We present adJULES in a data assimilation framework and demonstrate its ability to improve the model-data fit using eddy-covariance measurements of gross primary production (GPP) and latent heat (LE) fluxes. adJULES also has the ability to calibrate over multiple sites simultaneously. This feature is used to define new optimised parameter values for the five plant functional types (PFTs) in JULES. The optimised PFT-specific parameters improve the performance of JULES at over 85% of the sites used in the study, at both the calibration and evaluation stages. The new improved parameters for JULES are presented along with the associated uncertainties for each parameter.

  16. Gabriel del Sarto (Ronchi, Massa, 1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pérez Andrés

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel del Sarto publica sus primeros poemas en 1998 en el Sesto quaderno di poesia contemporanea a manos de Franco Buffoni. Poco después su nombre empieza a ser frecuente en antologías dedicadas a los nuevos poetas emergentes italianos, como L’opera comune (Atelier, 1999, Poeti di Vent’anni (ed. Mario Santagostini, La Stampa, 2000 y Nuovissima poesia italiana (Mondadori, 2004, editada por Maurizio Cucchi y Antonio Ricciardi, en la que comparte espacio con algunos de los poetas más sobresalientes de su generación, como Silvia Caratti, Francesca Moccia o Alberto Pellegatta. En 2003 publica su primera colección de poemas con el título de I viali (Ed. Atelier, a la que sigue en 2011 el libro Sul vuoto (Transeuropa. Aparte de su faceta como poeta, Gabriel del Sarto es autor de diferentes ensayos sogre el uso y el sentido de la narración en la práctica formativa, como Raccontare storie (con F. Batini, Carocci, 2007 o el manual de escritura creativa Narrazione e invenzione (con S. Giusti y F. Batini, Erickson, 2007

  17. Gabriel Tarde (Sarlat 1843 - Paris 1904

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Salmon

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Fils d’un juge d’instruction près du tribunal civil de Sarlat, Gabriel Tarde se destina à son tour à cette profession. Bachelier ès sciences et ès lettres, il avait du renoncer à son projet de préparer Polytechnique suite à des troubles ophtalmologiques et avait poursuivit ses études à la Faculté de Droit de Toulouse, il les acheva à Paris en 1866 diplômé d’une licence. Secrétaire assistant du Juge de Sarlat en 1867, puis nommé Juge suppléant au Parquet de Sarlat en septembre 1869, il devint ...

  18. La Arquitectura moderna y la pertinencia de la arquitectura vernácula

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras Arias, Manuel

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo es entender las posibles relaciones entre arquitectura moderna y arquitectura vernácula, y determinar los vínculos de éstas manifestaciones culturales a pesar de las diferencias aparentes tecnológicas y fundamentales. En el presente caso confrontaremos la arquitectura moderna mexicana habitacional con lo ocurrido en la arquitectura moderna ecuatoriana, así como analizar las relaciones existentes entre la arquitectura vernácula mexicana y la ecuatoriana con el propósito de encontra...

  19. Interpretación bioclimática de la arquitectura vernácula

    OpenAIRE

    Paniagua Padilla, Diego

    2015-01-01

    La ‘arquitectura vernácula’ desarrolló la primera adecuación entre el clima, las necesidades humanas y la construcción sostenible. En este sentido, la ‘arquitectura bioclimática’ de la que hablamos hoy en día es una interpretación de la arquitectura a efectos del clima sobre el hombre. Podríamos entenderla como una arquitectura popular evolucionada y adaptada. ¿Pero es lo mismo arquitectura vernácula que popular? ¿Y arquitectura bioclimática? ¿Es lo que muchos denominan ‘arquitectura sostenib...

  20. La Arquitectura moderna y la pertinencia de la arquitectura vernácula

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras Arias, Manuel

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo es entender las posibles relaciones entre arquitectura moderna y arquitectura vernácula, y determinar los vínculos de éstas manifestaciones culturales a pesar de las diferencias aparentes tecnológicas y fundamentales. En el presente caso confrontaremos la arquitectura moderna mexicana habitacional con lo ocurrido en la arquitectura moderna ecuatoriana, así como analizar las relaciones existentes entre la arquitectura vernácula mexicana y la ecuatoriana con el propósito de encontra...

  1. Interpretación bioclimática de la arquitectura vernácula

    OpenAIRE

    Paniagua Padilla, Diego

    2015-01-01

    La ‘arquitectura vernácula’ desarrolló la primera adecuación entre el clima, las necesidades humanas y la construcción sostenible. En este sentido, la ‘arquitectura bioclimática’ de la que hablamos hoy en día es una interpretación de la arquitectura a efectos del clima sobre el hombre. Podríamos entenderla como una arquitectura popular evolucionada y adaptada. ¿Pero es lo mismo arquitectura vernácula que popular? ¿Y arquitectura bioclimática? ¿Es lo que muchos denominan ‘arquitectura sostenib...

  2. Gabriel Garcia Marquez; The Significant Message of His Literary Discourse

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mohammad B. Aghaei

    Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s literary discourse actually portrays the destructive domination of colonial and imperialistic powers and civil wars that led to a series of insecurities and poverty in the community...

  3. [The wanderings of Jules Cloquet and Gustave Flaubert].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, M

    1988-01-01

    This is the story of a picaresque journey in France and in Corsica of Jules Cloquet (1790-1883), the French anatomist who described the well-known Cloquet's node and of Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), the famous author of "Madame Bovary" and of many others novels. They were two vagabonds, Cloquet watching with slackness the young womanizering Flaubert. At 64 years of age, the lazy and meddlesome Cloquet stopped operating and writing. Surrounded by honors, he died at the age of 93, leaving his eponym to the Cloquet's node.

  4. Thirty years of collaboration with Gabriel Horn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateson, Patrick

    2015-03-01

    All the collaborative work described in this review was on the process of behavioural imprinting occurring early in the life of domestic chicks. Finding a link between learning and a change in the brain was only a first step in establishing a representation of the imprinting object. A series of overlapping experiments were necessary to eliminate alternative explanations. Once completed, a structure, the intermediate and medial mesopallium (IMM), was found to be strongly linked to the formation of a neural representation of the object used for imprinting the birds. With the site identified, lesion experiments showed that it was necessary for imprinting but not associative learning. Also the two sides of the brain responded differently with the left IMM acting as a permanent store and the right side acting as a way station to other parts of the brain. The collaborative work led to many studies by Gabriel Horn with others on the molecular and cellular bases of imprinting, and also to neural net modelling and behavioural studies with me on the nature of category formation in intact animals. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Gabriel Weinreich: The life and style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, William M.

    2003-10-01

    Gabriel Weinreich (Gabi) was born in Vilna, Poland (now the capitol of Lithuania) one year prior to the founding of the Acoustical Society of America. When the second world war began in central Europe, Gabi's family came, in serial fashion, to New York City-Gabi himself arriving in 1941. Gabi studied physics at Columbia, and received a Ph.D. in 1953 for a thesis on atomic physics directed by the legendary I. I. Rabi. He subsequently worked on fundamental properties of semiconductors, first at Bell Labs, then, starting in 1960, at the University of Michigan. In 1977 he turned his attention to the acoustics of musical instruments, mainly the piano and bowed strings. He studied all phases of the physical elements: string excitation, string vibration, coupling, and radiation. Gabi brought his special style to acoustics-a combination of theory and experiment that imaginatively imports ideas and techniques from one area of physics into another, a willingness to attack traditional problems afresh by returning to first principles, and the ability to present ideas with incisive wit and charm so that information is not only informative but is also entertaining.

  6. The launching of the construction of the Jules Horowitz Reactor; Lancement de la construction du reacteur de recherche Jules Horowitz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2007-03-15

    In March 2007 the French deputy minister of industry has officially launched the construction of the new research reactor called Jules Horowitz (RJH) on the Cea site of Cadarache. RJH, that is due to operate in 2014, will be used to study the aging process of irradiated materials in any type of reactors, the behaviour of new nuclear fuels irradiated in different configurations and scenarios, and to produce radionuclides for nuclear medicine and high-quality doped silicon for the electronics industry. The investment that reaches 500 million euros is dispatched between Cea (50%), EDF (20%), Areva (10%) and foreign contributors (20%). (A.C.)

  7. Jules Germain Cloquet (1790-1883)--drawing master and anatomist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, Marios; El-Sedfy, Abraham; Tubbs, R Shane; Wartman, Christopher

    2007-11-01

    Jules Germain Cloquet, the famed French anatomist, surgeon, and professor, may not be remembered as one of the pioneers of hernia surgery; however, his contributions have provided surgeons with detailed anatomical descriptions that have been useful in developing innovative surgical techniques. Cloquet has many eponyms associated with him, including: Cloquet's fascia, Cloquet's gland or lymph node of Cloquet, Cloquet's hernia, Cloquet's ligament, Cloquet's canal, and Cloquet's septum. A man blessed with artistic talents, Cloquet was the author of many theses, as well as anatomical volumes that were comparable to the works of other great anatomists of his time. His first thesis, entitled Recherches Anatomiques sur les Hernies de l'Abdomen, described the locations where inguinal and crural herniae are more likely to occur in terms of the cremaster muscle, the peritoneum, and the spermatic vessels. Wax sculpture training required extensive knowledge in the natural sciences, anatomy, physiology, and pathology, as were acquired by Jules Cloquet as a pupil of Achille-Cléophas Flaubert, the father of the famous French novelist Gustave Flaubert (author of Madame Bovary). Cloquet attracted many pupils with his innovative teaching style and implementation of anatomical preparations, drawings, and sketches on the black board with chalk. The legacy of this famed individual lives on today in the anatomical structures described by Cloquet.

  8. Gabriel Richet: the Man and the Scientist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardaillou, Raymond; Ronco, Pierre

    2016-02-01

    Gabriel Richet who died in Paris in October 2014 was the fourth of a brilliant dynasty of professors of medicine including a Nobel prize, his grandfather, Charles Richet. He behaved courageously during the Second World War and participated in the Campaign of France in 1940 and in the combats in the Vosges Mountains in 1945. His family participated in the resistance during the German occupation of France and three of his parents including his father, one of his brothers and one of his cousins were deported in Germany. At the end of the war, he was with Jean Hamburger the founder of French nephrology at Necker Hospital in Paris. He realized the first hemodialyses in France and was involved in the first allogenic transplantation that was not immediately rejected. From 1961 to 1985, he was the head of a school of nephrology at Tenon Hospital and attracted in his department many young collaborators and scientists. He was the first to describe the role of specialized cells of the collecting duct in the control of acid base equilibrium. He was the subject of a national and international recognition. Founding member of the International Society of Nephrology in 1960, he was elected his President from 1981-1984. His fame could be measured by the number of fellows and visiting facultiesfrom countries all over the world. When he retired in 1985, he left an important legacy involving several departments of nephrology directed by his ancient collaborators. After his retirement, he was an active member of the French Academy of Medicine and devoted much of his time to the history of medicine and, particularly, of nephrology. The main qualities of the man were his constant research of new ideas, his eagerness to work and his open mind to understand others.

  9. Land-surface parameter optimisation using data assimilation techniques: the adJULES system V1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raoult, Nina M.; Jupp, Tim E.; Cox, Peter M.; Luke, Catherine M.

    2016-08-01

    Land-surface models (LSMs) are crucial components of the Earth system models (ESMs) that are used to make coupled climate-carbon cycle projections for the 21st century. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is the land-surface model used in the climate and weather forecast models of the UK Met Office. JULES is also extensively used offline as a land-surface impacts tool, forced with climatologies into the future. In this study, JULES is automatically differentiated with respect to JULES parameters using commercial software from FastOpt, resulting in an analytical gradient, or adjoint, of the model. Using this adjoint, the adJULES parameter estimation system has been developed to search for locally optimum parameters by calibrating against observations. This paper describes adJULES in a data assimilation framework and demonstrates its ability to improve the model-data fit using eddy-covariance measurements of gross primary production (GPP) and latent heat (LE) fluxes. adJULES also has the ability to calibrate over multiple sites simultaneously. This feature is used to define new optimised parameter values for the five plant functional types (PFTs) in JULES. The optimised PFT-specific parameters improve the performance of JULES at over 85 % of the sites used in the study, at both the calibration and evaluation stages. The new improved parameters for JULES are presented along with the associated uncertainties for each parameter.

  10. A new MTR fuel for a new MTR reactor: UMo for the Jules Horowitz reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guigon, B. [CEA Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul lez Durance (France); Vacelet, H. [CERCA, Romans (France); Dornbusch, D. [Technicatome, Aix en Provence (France)

    2000-07-01

    Within some years, the Jules Horowitz Reactor will be the only working experimental reactor (material and fuel testing reactor) in France. It will have to provide facilities for a wide range of needs from activation analysis to power reactor fuel qualification. In this paper the main characteristics of the Jules Horowitz Reactor are presented. Safety criteria are explained. Finally, merits and disadvantages of UMo compared to the standard U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} fuel are discussed. (author)

  11. Arquitectura vernácula y mezquitas sudanesas en Burkina Faso y Níger

    OpenAIRE

    Orihuela, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    Se analiza la casa vernácula de las etnias Bobo, Lobi y Gurunsi en las sabanas arboladas de Burkina Faso, así como las de la etnia Hausa en la ciudad de ZInder (Nigér). También se describen las mezquitas de tipo sudanés existentes en Agadez y Zinder (Níger), Bobo-Dioulasso, Ouahabou y Bani (Burkina Faso).

  12. Vivienda efímera urbana: ¿arquitectura vernácula?

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Enrique Gómez M.

    2010-01-01

    El artículo se publica como etapa inicial de una investigación enfocada en el estudio de la vivienda efímera urbana, con el fin de encontrar en ésta principios aplicables a otras arquitecturas. Partiendo de la definición de este tipo de arquitectura, y con el fin de empezar a buscar metodologías adecuadas para su estudio, se plantea la pregunta sobre si ésta puede considerarse arquitectura vernácula. Para responder a la pregunta, se hace una revisión bibliográfica de algunos de los principale...

  13. Proyecto europeo versus: lecciones de la arquitectura vernácula para una arquitectura contemporánea sostenible

    OpenAIRE

    Mileto, Camilla (Coordinador); Vegas López-Manzanares, Fernando; García Soriano, Lidia; Cristini, Valentina

    2015-01-01

    La arquitectura vernácula representa una gran fuente de investigación para definir los principios que pueden guiar el diseño de una nueva arquitectura contemporánea sostenible. La arquitectura tradicional y sus métodos y estrategias están de algún modo infravaloradas y no suelen emplearse en la nueva arquitectura. Por ello, el principal objetivo del proyecto VerSus (financiado por la Unión Europea, Culture Programme 2007 - 2013) ha sido conocer y analizar la arquitectura vernácula para extrae...

  14. Juan Gabriel and audience interpretation. cultural impressions of effeminacy and sexuality in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sowards, S K

    2000-01-01

    Juan Gabriel's purported effeminacy and sexuality have made him a controversial subject in Mexico, but still loved by fans. Juan Gabriel, by trying to gain acceptance into Mexican society, has become part of a hybrid culture, between the feminine/masculine and homosexual/bisexual/heterosexual groups. This study focuses on interviews with 20 participants who discuss Juan Gabriel's popularity and sexuality. The findings of the study indicate that Juan Gabriel may be considered by his fans to be effeminate, and consequently homosexual. Even though homophobia is widespread in Mexico, Juan Gabriel's fans tend to ignore or exoticize his sexuality, thus affording his success. It is also possible that Juan Gabriel, consciously or not, uses his controversial sexuality as a way to generate popular interest.

  15. The manifesto as genre in Ibsen's John Gabriel Borkman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Korte

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This article examines John Gabriel Borkman’s neo-aristocratic performance of power and authority in Ibsen’s eponymously titled play (1896. After his downfall, John Gabriel has retreated into his once grand reception hall wherein he has become like a petrified relic from a preceding era. His performance within the “fading glory” of the upstairs hall– a veritable theatre for his delusions of grandeur – is one of an outmoded type of bourgeois “hero” whose flagrantly illicit dealings are no longer tenable as capitalism becomes ever-more “rational” and bureaucratic in its façade. The article focuses on John Gabriel’s performance of a “sovereign” or charismatic authority and examines his future visions as “manifestos”. The manifesto is a form belonging to a feudal era of rule by divine right – one that is necessarily “theatrical” in its performance of a legitimate authority. Assuming the voice of the sovereign, John Gabriel attempts to address the needs of the iron-ore miners – a desiring, albeit latent force in Ibsen’s text. The desires of the workers, however, are continually effaced by the bewitching powers of capitalist abstraction, which account for the alienation of family and individuals in Ibsen’s play.   Comparing John Gabriel’s manifesto with Marx and Engels’ Communist Manifesto not only accounts for the end of an age of neo-aristocratic bourgeois decadence, but also marks labour as the definitive socio-political issue of the late 19th century. Where John Gabriel uses a dramaturgy rooted in past models of rule to address the workers in his vision of a benevolent “kingdom”, the Communist Manifesto heralds the death of his class and replaces the voice of the “sovereign authority” with the self-authorising voice of the workers themselves. Borkman’s fatal flaw then is failing to sufficiently address the plight of the iron-ore miners with whom he claims intimate acquaintance but with whom

  16. A Transportation Model for a Space Colonization and Manufacturing System: A Q-GERT Simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    their audiences glimpses of what could be. Jules Verne , considered by many people as the father of science fiction, fortold many of our modern...Publishing Company, 1966. 2. Verne , Jules . Emm iha Eari. Jk ±ha t ! . Paris: 1873. 3. Verne , Jules . f nan a Comet. Paris: 1878. 4. Salkeld, Robert

  17. A new MTR fuel for a new MTR reactor: UMo for the Jules Horowitz reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guigon, B. [CEA Cadarache, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, Reacteur Jules Horowitz, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Vacelet, H. [Compagnie pour l' Etude et la Realisation de Combustibles Atomiques, CERCA, Etablissement de Romans, 26 (France); Dornbusch, D. [Technicatome, Service d' Architecture Generale, 13 - Aix-en-Provence (France)

    2003-07-01

    Within some years, the Jules Horowitz Reactor will be the only working experimental reactor (material and fuel testing reactor) in France. It will have to provide facilities for a wide range of needs: from activation analysis to power reactor fuel qualification. In this paper will be presented the main characteristics of the Jules Horowitz Reactor: its total power, neutron flux, fuel element... Safety criteria will be explained. Finally merits and disadvantages of UMo compared to the standard U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} fuel will be discussed. (authors)

  18. Quantifying the Impact of Tropospheric Ozone on Crops Productivity at regional scale using JULES-crop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, F.

    2016-12-01

    Tropospheric ozone (O3) is the third most important anthropogenic greenhouse gas. It is causing significant crop production losses. Currently, O3 concentrations are projected to increase globally, which could have a significant impact on food security. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator modified to include crops (JULES-crop) is used here to quantify the impacts of tropospheric O3 on crop production at the regional scale until 2100. We evaluate JULES-crop against the Soybean Free-Air-Concentration-Enrichment (SoyFACE) experiment in Illinois, USA. Experimental data from SoyFACE and various literature sources is used to calibrate the parameters for soybean and ozone damage parameters in soybean in JULES-crop. The calibrated model is then applied for a transient factorial set of JULES-crop simulations over 1960-2005. Simulated yield changes are attributed to individual environmental drivers, CO2, O3 and climate change, across regions and for different crops. A mixed scenario of RCP 2.6 and RCP 8.5 climatology and ozone are simulated to explore the implication of policy. The overall findings are that regions with high ozone concentration such as China and India suffer the most from ozone damage, soybean is more sensitive to O3 than other crops. JULES-crop predicts CO2 fertilisation would increase the productivity of vegetation. This effect, however, is masked by the negative impacts of tropospheric O3. Using data from FAO and JULES-crop estimated that ozone damage cost around 55.4 Billion USD per year on soybean. Irrigation improves the simulation of rice only, and it increases the relative ozone damage because drought can reduce the ozone from entering the plant stomata. RCP 8.5 scenario results in a high yield for all crops mainly due to the CO2 fertilisation effect. Mixed climate scenarios simulations suggest that RCP 8.5 CO2 concentration and RCP 2.6 O3 concentration result in the highest yield. Further works such as more crop FACE-O3 experiments and more Crop

  19. Kuidas meeldib välismaalastele Eestis [õppida]? / Shazia Javed, Charina de Asis, Adam Luke Vern-Barnett, Predrag Tasevski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid välisüliõpilased: rahvusvahelisi suhteid õppiv Charina de Asis Filipiinidelt, magistriõppes rahvusvahelist õigust õppiv Adam Luke Vern-Barnett Austraaliast, küberkaitset õppiv Predrag Tasevski Makedooniast ja tarkvara arendust õppiv Shazia Javed Pakistanist

  20. Latín y lenguas vernáculas en los poemas amorosos de los "Carmina Burana"

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    La intención de este artículo es explicar el uso de la lengua latina y de las lenguas vernáculas en los poemas amorosos de los Carmina Burana. The intent of this article is to explain the use of the Latin language and vernacular languages in the love poems of Carmina Burana.

  1. On the Verbal Art of a Modern Painter: The Work of Jules Kirschenbaum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandelman, Claude

    1989-01-01

    Notes that Jules Kirschenbaum, a modern American artist whose work integrates inscriptions and figurative painting, studied under the masters of abstract expressionism yet exhibited with protagonists of "magic realism." States that his later work took a wholly different turn--it became art about meaning and the "meaning of meaning." (RS)

  2. Multi-site evaluation of the JULES land surface model using global and local data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Slevin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the ability of the JULES land surface model (LSM to simulate photosynthesis using local and global data sets at 12 FLUXNET sites. Model parameters include site-specific (local values for each flux tower site and the default parameters used in the Hadley Centre Global Environmental Model (HadGEM climate model. Firstly, gross primary productivity (GPP estimates from driving JULES with data derived from local site measurements were compared to observations from the FLUXNET network. When using local data, the model is biased with total annual GPP underestimated by 16% across all sites compared to observations. Secondly, GPP estimates from driving JULES with data derived from global parameter and atmospheric reanalysis (on scales of 100 km or so were compared to FLUXNET observations. It was found that model performance decreases further, with total annual GPP underestimated by 30% across all sites compared to observations. When JULES was driven using local parameters and global meteorological data, it was shown that global data could be used in place of FLUXNET data with a 7% reduction in total annual simulated GPP. Thirdly, the global meteorological data sets, WFDEI and PRINCETON, were compared to local data to find that the WFDEI data set more closely matches the local meteorological measurements (FLUXNET. Finally, the JULES phenology model was tested by comparing results from simulations using the default phenology model to those forced with the remote sensing product MODIS leaf area index (LAI. Forcing the model with daily satellite LAI results in only small improvements in predicted GPP at a small number of sites, compared to using the default phenology model.

  3. The climate responses of tropical and boreal ecosystems with an improved land surface model (JULES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Anna; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Cox, Peter; Wiltshire, Andy; Jones, Chris

    2016-04-01

    The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is the land surface of the next generation UK Earth System Model (UKESM1). Recently, JULES was updated with new plant functional types and physiology based on a global plant trait database. These developments improved the simulation of terrestrial gross and net primary productivity on local and global scales, and enabled a more realistic representation of the global distribution of vegetation. In this study, we explore the present-day distribution of ecosystems and their vulnerability to climate change in JULES with these improvements, focusing on tropical and boreal ecosystems. Changes to these ecosystems will have implications for biogeophysical and biogeochemical feedbacks to climate change and need to be understood. First, we examine the simulated and observed rainforest-savannah boundary, which is strongly related to annual precipitation and the maximum climatological water deficit. Second, we assess the length of growing season and biomass stored in boreal ecosystems, where 20th century warming has likely extended the growing season. In each case, we first evaluate the ability of JULES to capture observed climate-vegetation relationships and trends. Finally, we run JULES to 2100 using climate data from 3 models and 2 RCP scenarios, and examine potential 21st century changes to these ecosystems. For example, do the tropical forests shrink in response to changes in tropical rainfall seasonality? And, how does the composition of boreal ecosystems change in response to climate warming? Given the potential for climate feedbacks and the inherent value in these ecosystems, it is essential to assess their responses to a range of climate change scenarios.

  4. Kinematic Analysis of a Serial - Parallel Machine Tool: the VERNE machine

    CERN Document Server

    Kanaan, Daniel; Chablat, Damien; 10.1016/j.mechmachtheory.2008.03.002

    2008-01-01

    The paper derives the inverse and the forward kinematic equations of a serial - parallel 5-axis machine tool: the VERNE machine. This machine is composed of a three-degree-of-freedom (DOF) parallel module and a two-DOF serial tilting table. The parallel module consists of a moving platform that is connected to a fixed base by three non-identical legs. These legs are connected in a way that the combined effects of the three legs lead to an over-constrained mechanism with complex motion. This motion is defined as a simultaneous combination of rotation and translation. In this paper we propose symbolical methods that able to calculate all kinematic solutions and identify the acceptable one by adding analytical constraint on the disposition of legs of the parallel module.

  5. Celebrando a Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico Banco de la República

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Un clásico vivo. Sin duda alguna eso es Gabriel García Márquez, quien en su obra logró crear  un lenguaje con nuevas palabras inconfundibles –como cuando se dice que algo es  macondiano y nadie tiene que consultar el diccionario para saber a qué se refiere. Gabo es, además, un ambiente, una temperatura, una manera de hablar que los colombianos tenemos nítida en nuestra memoria colectiva. Como una invitación para que sigamos leyendo e  interpretando su obra desde perspectivas nuevas y desde aquellas ya establecidas, este número del Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico reúne artículos de críticos y escritores que se han dedicado a interpelar e interpretar al escritor y a su obra.

  6. Gabriele Stein. Developing Your English Vocabulary: A Systematic New Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaël Abecassis

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Gabriele Stein is professor of English linguistics at the University of Heidelberg in Germany and has published widely on lexicography and lexicology. The objective of this book is twofold: to compile a lexical core and to maximise the skills of language students by developing ways of expanding this core. It is intended to function as a teaching aid for teachers of English as well as a self-study book for learners of English as a second language. Lexical knowledge is a crucial part of language acquisition and depends on different external factors such as the age and profession of the learner, his/her goals, expectations and needs in learning a language. Beck et al. (2002 have demonstrated the small extent of the emphasis on the acquisition vocabulary in school curricula.

  7. Gabriel Garcia Marquez; The Significant Message of His Literary Discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad B. Aghaei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s literary discourse actually portrays the destructive domination of colonial and imperialistic powers and civil wars that led to a series of insecurities and poverty in the community. In fact, whatever he has presented in his works is related to the realities of the continent that have been portrayed in his fictional world. In his works, every single line is a reference to a certain critical point in the history of Latin American continent and provides a magnifying glass for the reader to clearly conceptualize them. His works also represent the contemporary events that are frequently happening in the society. Keywords: Latin America, figurative techniques, legacy of colonialism, violence, Liberal and Conservative parties

  8. [Professor Jules Gavarret (1809-1890) and the application of mathematics and physics to medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyneix, A

    2001-01-01

    Professor Jules Gavarret has undertaken pretigious offices, has accumulated various titles and honours and has left an abundant bibliography about physics and chemistry of life phenomenon. To recount the career of one of the academics who were benefited the traditional medicine of the progress achieved in physical and mathematical sciences give us the opportunity of recalling one of the great Parisian personalities of 19th Century who had not been appreciated for too long.

  9. Pierre Samuel et Jules Vuillemin : mathématiques et philosophie

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    National audience; In this article I aim to present an actual modality of relationship between mathematics and philosophy. To this purpose, I will consider a relatively recent project in philosophy of mathematics by taking as a case study Pierre Samuel's and Jules Vuillemin's reflections and contributions dealing with a general concept of structure in line with Nicolas Bourbaki, and by examining more specifically the notion of universal problem.; Je me propose dans cet article de présenter un...

  10. Assimilating ESA-CCI Soil Moisture into the JULES-EMPIRE Data Assimilation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quaife, T. L.; Black, E.; Browne, P.; Lewis, J.

    2015-12-01

    Land surface models, such as the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES, the land surface component of the Hadley Centre models) are used in a wide variety of applications, such as climate modelling, flood prediction and crop yield forecasting. However, how best to implement Data Assimilation (DA) for these models remains an open question. At a fundamental level these models are very different from atmospheric models for which traditional DA was developed. This poster describes the integration of JULES with the EMPIRE framework. EMPIRE (Employing MPI for Researching Ensembles) implements a test bed for ensemble based DA techniques that makes use of MPI message passing to exploit all available processing power. In particular EMPIRE contains several flavours of Particle Filter which show promise for the land surface DA problem. Examples of assimilating soil moisture observations from the ESA CCI data set into JULES are given for a number of sites in Africa. The model ensemble is generated by considering uncertainty in the driving data taken from the TAMSAT operational rainfall product. The results show considerable improvement in the modelled soil moisture and in particular the seasonal timing of the soil wetness.

  11. Performance of the JULES land surface model for UK Biogenic VOC emissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, Garry; Comyn-Platt, Edward; Vieno, Massimo; Langford, Ben

    2017-04-01

    Emissions of biogenic non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) are important for air quality and tropospheric composition. Through their contribution to the production of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol (SOA), biogenic VOCs indirectly contribute to climate forcing and climate feedbacks [1]. Biogenic VOCs encompass a wide range of compounds and are produced by plants for growth, development, reproduction, defence and communication [2]. There are both biological and physico-chemical controls on emissions [3]. Only a few of the many biogenic VOCs are of wider interest and only two or three (isoprene and the monoterpenes, α- and β-pinene) are represented in chemical transport models. We use the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), the UK community land surface model, to estimate biogenic VOC emission fluxes. JULES is a process-based model that describes the water, energy and carbon balances and includes temperature, moisture and carbon stores [4, 5]. JULES currently provides emission fluxes of the 4 largest groups of biogenic VOCs: isoprene, terpenes, methanol and acetone. The JULES isoprene scheme uses gross primary productivity (GPP), leaf internal carbon and the leaf temperature as a proxy for the electron requirement for isoprene synthesis [6]. In this study, we compare JULES biogenic VOC emission estimates of isoprene and terepenes with (a) flux measurements made at selected sites in the UK and Europe and (b) gridded estimates for the UK from the EMEP/EMEP4UK atmospheric chemical transport model [7, 8], using site-specific or EMEP4UK driving meteorological data, respectively. We compare the UK-scale emission estimates with literature estimates. We generally find good agreement in the comparisons but the estimates are sensitive to the choice of the base or reference emission potentials. References (1) Unger, 2014: Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 8563, doi:10.1002/2014GL061616; (2) Laothawornkitkul et al., 2009: New Phytol., 183, 27, doi

  12. Representation of Dissolved Organic Carbon in the JULES Dynamic Global Vegetation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakhavali, Mahdi; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Guenet, Bertrand; Ciais, Philip

    2017-04-01

    Current global models of the carbon cycle consider only vertical gas exchanges between terrestrial or oceanic reservoirs and the atmosphere, hence not considering lateral transport of carbon from the continent to the oceans. This also means that such models implicitly consider that all the CO2 which is not respired to the atmosphere is stored on land, hence overestimating the land sink of carbon. Moving toward a boundless carbon cycle that is integrating the whole continuum from land to ocean to atmosphere is needed in order to better understand Earth's carbon cycle and to make more reliable projection of its future. Here we present an original representation of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) processes in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES). The standard version of JULES represent energy, water and carbon cycles and exchanges with the atmosphere, but only account for water run-off, not including export of carbon from terrestrial ecosystems to the aquatic environments. The aim of the project is to include in JULES a representation of DOC production in terrestrial soils, due to incomplete decomposition of organic matter, its decomposition to the atmosphere, and its export to the river network by leaching. In new developed version of JULES (JULES-DOCM), DOC pools, based on their decomposition rate, are classified into labile and recalcitrant within 3 meters of soil. Based on turnover rate, DOC coming from plant material pools and microbial biomass is directed to labile pool, while DOC from humus is directed to recalcitrant pool. Both of these pools have free (dissolved) and locked (adsorbed) form where just the free pool is subjected to decomposition and leaching. DOC production and decomposition are controlled by rate modifiers (moisture, temperature, vegetation fraction and decomposition rate) at each soil layer. Decomposed DOC is released to the atmosphere following a fixed carbon use efficiency. Leaching accounts for both surface (runoff) and

  13. Järelmõtteid ühe doktoritöö kaitsmisele / Gabriel Hazak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hazak, Gabriel, 1938-

    2012-01-01

    TTÜ majandusteaduskonnas kaitses oma doktoritööd poliitik Mart Nutt. Töö teemaks „Eesti parlamendi pädevuse kujunemine ja rakendamine välissuhtlemises“. Oponent Gabriel Hazaku mõtteid kaitsmiselt

  14. Järelmõtteid ühe doktoritöö kaitsmisele / Gabriel Hazak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hazak, Gabriel, 1938-

    2012-01-01

    TTÜ majandusteaduskonnas kaitses oma doktoritööd poliitik Mart Nutt. Töö teemaks „Eesti parlamendi pädevuse kujunemine ja rakendamine välissuhtlemises“. Oponent Gabriel Hazaku mõtteid kaitsmiselt

  15. Azudas en Chile: un vernáculo sistema de riego en tierras de secano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcelo Bravo Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Expuesta a condiciones adversas, la creatividad humana se sobrepone. Una muestra de esta virtud es la aparición de las azudas o ruedas de agua en la actividad agrícola. Se trataba de dominar los ambientes áridos y semiáridos, consiguiendo un eficiente riego de los campos destinados al cultivo. En América, los ejemplos sobre el uso de ruedas de agua son más escasos. Existen como referencia de la implementación de azudas, en pleno valle central de Chile, en la Región de O’Higgins, donde han sido consideradas como una suerte de extensión de la arquitectura vernácula del poblado de Larmahue. Aun cuando han sido reconocidas en el ámbito nacional y el extranjero, han debido enfrentar desastres naturales, el desamparo legal y, lo que es peor, la falta de interés y recursos por mantenerlas.

  16. Vernácula modernidad: influencia de la arquitectura vernácula mediterránea en la aparición y desarrollo de la arquitectura moderna durante el primer tercio del siglo XX

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Vicario, Pedro Miguel

    2017-01-01

    [ESP] En la arquitectura vernácula encontramos una serie de valores y cualidades formales que no siempre fueron percibidos como tales. Su atemporalidad y lejanía de corrientes y estilos artísticos supuso que históricamente se percibiera como un elemento estable y prácticamente inmutable a lo largo del tiempo. Antaño ignorada, criticada y denostada después, ensalzada y alabada en el último siglo, el modo en que se ha percibido y los mecanismos mediante los cuales se ha dado a conocer en la cu...

  17. Tropes of Ascesis and Ascent in Polar Expeditions from Verne to Amundsen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Claudia Fiorella

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available What we know of polar expeditions coincides with a number of fictional and non fictional representations using different registers: the iconic-technical-scientific, the auto/biographical, the literary/fictional. This paper draws a comparison between texts featuring contrasting views on the character and purposes of polar expeditions, their supposed usefulness and political consequences, and the certification procedures of scientific knowledge, reflecting broader concerns about the idea of progress, the man/environment relation, and international relations. Fictional and non fictional texts are involved in this ideological confrontation in varying degrees of urgency. However, one cannot fail to note ongoing competition between the two, if only for the fact that the explorers’ accounts take pains to produce hallmarks of authenticity, veridicality and reliability in order not to be mixed up with fiction; on the other hand, fiction makes use of mimetic strategies achieving an amazing effect of realism.The contributor offers a thematic reading of ascent-related tropes, focusing on Jules Verne’s Captain Hatteras (1866 as an example of critical optimism in contrast with the apocalyptic Purple Cloud (1901 by M.P. Shiel, as well as with R.E. Amundsen’s My Polar Flight (1925 – which features an optimism that has lost its Promethean overtones and comes closer to the elation for a sporting achievement.

  18. Simulation of permafrost and seasonal thaw depth in the JULES land surface scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Dankers

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Land surface models (LSMs need to be able to simulate realistically the dynamics of permafrost and frozen ground. In this paper we evaluate the performance of the LSM JULES (Joint UK Land Environment Simulator, the stand-alone version of the land surface scheme used in Hadley Centre climate models, in simulating the large-scale distribution of surface permafrost. In particular we look at how well the model is able to simulate the seasonal thaw depth or active layer thickness (ALT. We performed a number of experiments driven by observation-based climate datasets. Visually there is a very good agreement between areas with permafrost in JULES and known permafrost distribution in the Northern Hemisphere, and the model captures 97% of the area where the permafrost coverage is at least 50% of the grid cell. However, the model overestimates the total extent as it also simulates permafrost where it occurs sporadically or only in isolated patches. Consistent with this we find a cold bias in the simulated soil temperatures, especially in winter. However, when compared with observations on end-of-season thaw depth from around the Arctic, the ALT in JULES is generally too deep. Additional runs at three sites in Alaska demonstrate how uncertainties in the precipitation input affect the simulation of soil temperatures by affecting the thickness of the snowpack and therefore the thermal insulation in winter. In addition, changes in soil moisture content influence the thermodynamics of soil layers close to freezing. We also present results from three experiments in which the standard model setup was modified to improve physical realism of the simulations in permafrost regions. Extending the soil column to a depth of 60 m and adjusting the soil parameters for organic content had relatively little effect on the simulation of permafrost and ALT. A higher vertical resolution improves the simulation of ALT, although a considerable bias still remains. Future model

  19. Simulation of permafrost and seasonal thaw depth in the JULES land surface scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Dankers

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Land surface models (LSMs need to be able to simulate realistically the dynamics of permafrost and frozen ground. In this paper we evaluate the performance of the LSM JULES (Joint UK Land Environment Simulator, the stand-alone version of the land surface scheme used in Hadley Centre climate models, in simulating the large-scale distribution of surface permafrost. In particular we look at how well the model is able to simulate the seasonal thaw depth or active layer thickness (ALT. We performed a number of experiments driven by observation-based climate datasets. Visually there is a very good agreement between areas with permafrost in JULES and known permafrost distribution in the Northern Hemisphere, and the model captures 97% of the area where the spatial coverage of the permafrost is at least 50%. However, the model overestimates the total extent as it also simulates permafrost where it occurs sporadically or only in isolated patches. Consistent with this we find a cold bias in the simulated soil temperatures, especially in winter. However, when compared with observations on end-of-season thaw depth from around the Arctic, the ALT in JULES is generally too deep. Additional runs at three sites in Alaska demonstrate how uncertainties in the precipitation input affect the simulation of soil temperatures by affecting the thickness of the snowpack and therefore the thermal insulation in winter. In addition, changes in soil moisture content influence the thermodynamics of soil layers close to freezing. We also present results from three experiments in which the standard model setup was modified to improve physical realism of the simulations in permafrost regions. Extending the soil column to a depth of 60 m and adjusting the soil parameters for organic content had relatively little effect on the simulation of permafrost and ALT. A higher vertical resolution improves the simulation of ALT, although a considerable bias still remains. Future model

  20. Hipérbole ou parábola: a matemática e a ciência na obra de Júlio Verne

    OpenAIRE

    Mestrinho, Nelson

    2006-01-01

    Pretende-se com este texto fazer uma breve reflexão sobre o papel da ciência, com especial ênfase nas ciências matemáticas e físicas, na obra literária de Júlio Verne, mas também sobre a importância do seu trabalho na divulgação do conhecimento científico. Júlio Verne viveu numa época em que ocorreram grandes desenvolvimentos científicos que afectaram a vida quotidiana das pessoas comuns. Encarado no século XX como um profeta da modernidade, Verne foi também um divulgador da...

  1. Hipérbole ou parábola: a matemática e a ciência na obra de Júlio Verne

    OpenAIRE

    Mestrinho, Nelson

    2006-01-01

    Pretende-se com este texto fazer uma breve reflexão sobre o papel da ciência, com especial ênfase nas ciências matemáticas e físicas, na obra literária de Júlio Verne, mas também sobre a importância do seu trabalho na divulgação do conhecimento científico. Júlio Verne viveu numa época em que ocorreram grandes desenvolvimentos científicos que afectaram a vida quotidiana das pessoas comuns. Encarado no século XX como um profeta da modernidade, Verne foi também um divulgador da...

  2. Global evaluation of gross primary productivity in the JULES land surface model v3.4.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Slevin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the ability of the JULES land surface model (LSM to simulate gross primary productivity (GPP on regional and global scales for 2001–2010. Model simulations, performed at various spatial resolutions and driven with a variety of meteorological datasets (WFDEI-GPCC, WFDEI-CRU and PRINCETON, were compared to the MODIS GPP product, spatially gridded estimates of upscaled GPP from the FLUXNET network (FLUXNET-MTE and the CARDAMOM terrestrial carbon cycle analysis. Firstly, when JULES was driven with the WFDEI-GPCC dataset (at 0. 5° × 0. 5° spatial resolution, the annual average global GPP simulated by JULES for 2001–2010 was higher than the observation-based estimates (MODIS and FLUXNET-MTE, by 25 and 8 %, respectively, and CARDAMOM estimates by 23 %. JULES was able to simulate the standard deviation of monthly GPP fluxes compared to CARDAMOM and the observation-based estimates on global scales. Secondly, GPP simulated by JULES for various biomes (forests, grasslands and shrubs on global and regional scales were compared. Differences among JULES, MODIS, FLUXNET-MTE and CARDAMOM on global scales were due to differences in simulated GPP in the tropics. Thirdly, it was shown that spatial resolution (0. 5° × 0. 5°, 1° × 1° and 2° × 2° had little impact on simulated GPP on these large scales, with global GPP ranging from 140 to 142 PgC year−1. Finally, the sensitivity of JULES to meteorological driving data, a major source of model uncertainty, was examined. Estimates of annual average global GPP were higher when JULES was driven with the PRINCETON meteorological dataset than when driven with the WFDEI-GPCC dataset by 3 PgC year−1. On regional scales, differences between the two were observed, with the WFDEI-GPCC-driven model simulations estimating higher GPP in the tropics (5° N–5° S and the PRINCETON-driven model simulations estimating higher GPP in the extratropics (30

  3. Aproximações entre a obra de Júlio Verne e o ensino de física

    OpenAIRE

    Júlio César David Ferreira

    2011-01-01

    Buscamos uma aproximação entre dois campos do conhecimento que envolvem diferentes gêneros de linguagem: a literatura de ficção científica e a física. Partimos do pressuposto de que todo professor é professor de leitura, e como decorrência, todas as formas de leitura se relacionam e criam entre si pontos de apoio para a construção de sentidos. Assim, na obra de Júlio Verne, procuramos por elementos associados ao conteúdo de física do Ensino Médio. Nos livros Viagem ao Centro da Terra, Vinte M...

  4. GABRIEL GÜEMES MONTERO: FUNCIONARIO ILUSTRADO Y VECINO RESPETABLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B\\u00E1rbara M. Aramendi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el Antiguo Régimen más que con instituciones se gobernaba con hombres y las redes de relaciones eran un elemento fundamental de capital social y capacidad de acción que las personas podían movilizar en su favor. En el presente trabajo se pretende reflexionar sobre el funcionamiento administrativo del imperio español a través del análisis de un funcionario en particular: Gabriel Güemes Montero, enviado por la corona para servir como tesorero en las cajas principales de la Real Hacienda de la Gobernación del Tucumán. La elección de Güemes, como excusa para analizar un contexto más amplio, estuvo dada por la existencia de una amplia información y conocimiento sobre su figura en la sociedad salteña por ser el padre de Martín Miguel de Güemes. La historiografía tradicional ha ensalzado y enaltecido su figura creando la imagen del hombre extraordinario, profesional e incorruptible que permanece hasta nuestros días pero nuestra intención aquí es otra: definir la trayectoria de un burócrata peninsular y reconstruir las redes de las cuales formó parte lo cual nos permitirá visualizar la organización administrativa desde el punto de vista de las relaciones interpersonales y analizar su rol de intermediario entre los intereses de la corona y los de la sociedad local.

  5. Post-Miocene Right Separation on the San Gabriel and Vasquez Creek Faults, with Supporting Chronostratigraphy, Western San Gabriel Mountains, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Larry A.; McCulloh, Thane H.; Denison, Rodger E.; Morin, Ronald W.; Enrico, Roy J.; Barron, John A.; Fleck, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    The right lateral San Gabriel Fault Zone in southern California extends from the northwestern corner of the Ridge Basin southeastward to the eastern end of the San Gabriel Mountains. It bifurcates to the southeast in the northwestern San Gabriel Mountains. The northern and older branch curves eastward in the range interior. The southern younger branch, the Vasquez Creek Fault, curves southeastward to merge with the Sierra Madre Fault Zone, which separates the San Gabriel Mountains from the northern Los Angeles Basin margin. An isolated exposure of partly macrofossiliferous nearshore shallow-marine sandstone, designated the Gold Canyon beds, is part of the southwest wall of the fault zone 5.5 km northwest of the bifurcation. These beds contain multiple subordinate breccia-conglomerate lenses and are overlain unconformably by folded Pliocene-Pleistocene Saugus Formation fanglomerate. The San Gabriel Fault Zone cuts both units. Marine macrofossils from the Gold Canyon beds give an age of 5.2+-0.3 Ma by 87Sr/86Sr analyses. Magnetic polarity stratigraphy dates deposition of the overlying Saugus Formation to between 2.6 Ma and 0.78 Ma. Distinctive metaplutonic rocks of the Mount Lowe intrusive suite in the San Gabriel Range are the source of certain clasts in both the Gold Canyon beds and Saugus Formation. Angular clasts of nondurable Paleocene sandstone also occur in the Gold Canyon beds. The large size and angularity of some of the largest of both clast types in breccia-conglomerate lenses of the beds suggest landslides or debris flows from steep terrain. Sources of Mount Lowe clasts, originally to the north or northeast, are now displaced southeastward by faulting and are located between the San Gabriel and Vasquez Creek faults, indicating as much as 12+-2 km of post-Miocene Vasquez Creek Fault right separation, in accord with some prior estimates. Post-Miocene right slip thus transferred onto the Vasquez Creek Fault southeast of the bifurcation. The right separation

  6. 77 FR 63302 - San Gabriel Valley Water Company dba, Fontana Water Company; Notice of Application Accepted for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission San Gabriel Valley Water Company dba, Fontana Water Company; Notice of.... d. Applicant: San Gabriel Valley Water Company dba, Fontana Water Company. e. Name of...

  7. Sources of interannual yield variability in JULES-crop and implications for forcing with seasonal weather forecasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. E. Williams

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available JULES-crop is a parametrisation of crops in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES. We investigate the sources of the interannual variability in the modelled maize yield, using global runs driven by reanalysis data, with a view to understanding the impact of various approximations in the driving data and initialisation. The standard forcing dataset for JULES consists of a combination of meteorological variables describing precipitation, radiation, temperature, pressure, specific humidity and wind, at subdaily time resolution. We find that the main characteristics of the modelled yield can be reproduced with a subset of these variables and using daily forcing, with internal disaggregation to the model timestep. This has implications in particular for the use of the model with seasonal forcing data, which may not have been provided at subdaily resolution for all required driving variables. We also investigate the effect on annual yield of initialising the model with climatology on the sowing date. This approximation has the potential to considerably simplify the use of the model with seasonal forecasts, since obtaining observations or reanalysis output for all the initialisation variables required by JULES for the start date of the seasonal forecast would present significant practical challenges.

  8. On Gabriel Conroy’s Epiphany from Perspective of Possible Worlds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵永霞

    2015-01-01

    The Dead,the last and longest story in Dubliners summarizes the theme of Dubliners’ paralysis,focuses on Gabriel Conroy on the night of the Morkan sisters’ annual dance and dinner,and develops toward a moment of painful selfawareness which James Joyce described as an epiphany.The paper reveals how the protagnist Gabriel Conroy’s knowledge world, wish world and obligation world are respectively contradicted with his society and explores his awakening or epiphany so as to find out the creation of the text.

  9. Jerome McGann: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Collected Poetry and Prose

    OpenAIRE

    Yann THOLONIAT

    2013-01-01

    Jerome J. McGann is well-known as one of the leading theorists of New Historicism, as a scholar of the Romantic period in general and of the work of Lord Byron in particular. Nevertheless, this collected edition of the poetry and prose of Dante Gabriel Rossetti should not come as a surprise, since Jerome McGann has also published on the painter-poet extensively, his latest book of criticism on the subject being Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the Game that Must Be Lost (Yale University Press, New ...

  10. Jerome McGann: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Collected Poetry and Prose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yann THOLONIAT

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Jerome J. McGann is well-known as one of the leading theorists of New Historicism, as a scholar of the Romantic period in general and of the work of Lord Byron in particular. Nevertheless, this collected edition of the poetry and prose of Dante Gabriel Rossetti should not come as a surprise, since Jerome McGann has also published on the painter-poet extensively, his latest book of criticism on the subject being Dante Gabriel Rossetti and the Game that Must Be Lost (Yale University Press, New ...

  11. Gabriel Tarde, critique du militarisme « scientifique »

    OpenAIRE

    Autin, Gauthier

    2011-01-01

    Gabriel Tarde (1843-1904) analyse le lien étroit qui associe les idéologies de son temps (darwinisme social, lutte des classes et des races) à la politique belliciste des États. À cette alliance néfaste, il oppose le mouvement pacificateur du droit international qui oscille entre la constitution d’une fédération mondiale et l’avènement d’un Empire. Le discours militariste ne peut être réfuté que par l’émergence d’une nouvelle unité politique globale.    Gabriel Tarde (1843-1904) analyzes t...

  12. The Bossoroca Complex, São Gabriel Terrane, Dom Feliciano Belt, southernmost Brazil: Usbnd Pb geochronology and tectonic implications for the neoproterozoic São Gabriel Arc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gubert, Mauricio Lemos; Philipp, Ruy Paulo; Stipp Basei, Miguel Angelo

    2016-10-01

    Usbnd Pb LA-ICPMS geochronological analyses were carried out on zircon grains from metavolcanic rocks of the Bossoroca Complex and for one ash tuff of the Acampamento Velho Formation of the Camaquã Basin, in order to understand the evolution of the Neoproterozoic São Gabriel magmatic arc. A total of 42 analyses of igneous zircon grains were performed in three samples. The results yielded Usbnd Pb ages of 767.2 ± 2.9 Ma for the metavolcanic agglomerate (BOS-02); 765 ± 10 Ma for the metacrystal tuff (BOS-03) and 565.8 ± 4.8 Ma for the ash tuff (BOS-04). The Orogenic Cycle in Brazil is characterized by a set of orogenic belts consisting of petrotectonic associations juxtaposed by two collisional events that occurred at the end of the Neoproterozoic. In southern Brazil this orogeny formed the Dom Feliciano Belt, a unit composed of associations of rocks developed during two major orogenic events called São Gabriel (900-680 Ma) and Dom Feliciano (650-540 Ma). The main São Gabriel associations are tectonically juxtaposed as elongated strips according to the N20-30°E direction, bounded by ductile shear zones. The Bossoroca Complex comprises predominantly metavolcano-sedimentary rocks, characterized by medium-K calc-alkaline association generated in a cordillera-type magmatic arc. The volcanism occurred in sub-aerial environment, developing deposits generated by flow, resurgence and fall, sporadically interrupted by subaqueous epiclastic deposits, suggesting an arc related basin. The São Gabriel Terrane contains the petrotectonic units that represent the closure of the Charrua Ocean associated to the subduction period of the Brasiliano Orogenic Cycle in the Sul-rio-grandense Shield.

  13. Sugerencias para la ampliación y normalización de los nombres vernáculos de las plantas en lengua española

    OpenAIRE

    Mateo Sanz, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Se aportan una serie de datos y reflexiones sobre la importancia de abordar la nominación de las plantas silvestres con nombres vernáculos en general y en concreto en el ámbito de la lengua española.

  14. Cronología de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Arias

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available En el documento que se expone a continuación, se presenta la cronología histórica del escritor colombiano Gabriel García Márquez, desde su nacimiento, en 1927, y los hitos relacionados a su vida y obra hasta la actualidad (2014.

  15. The Necessity of the Literary Tradition: Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupp, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Argues that literature from other countries, taught as multicultural literature, must be taught in the context of its own literary tradition in order to provide high-quality academic instruction. Offers an example with Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude" to show how teaching multicultural literature can live up to…

  16. Draft Genome Sequence of "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" from a Citrus Tree in San Gabriel, California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, F; Kumagai, L; Liang, G; Deng, X; Zheng, Z; Keremane, M; Chen, J

    2015-12-23

    The draft genome sequence of "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" strain SGCA5 from an orange citrus tree in San Gabriel, California, is reported here. SGCA5 has a genome size of 1,201,445 bp, a G+C content of 36.4%, 1,152 predicted open reading frames (ORFs), and 42 RNA genes.

  17. The Necessity of the Literary Tradition: Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupp, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Argues that literature from other countries, taught as multicultural literature, must be taught in the context of its own literary tradition in order to provide high-quality academic instruction. Offers an example with Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude" to show how teaching multicultural literature can live up to its…

  18. [The pendulum and the mortar. Some pharmacist deviners and particularly Gabriel Lesourd].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2004-01-01

    At the beginning of the 1930s, many French doctors and pharmacists practised dowsing. Some adhered to the 'Association des amis de la radiesthésie'. It was in particular the case of Gabriel Lesourd (1890-1976), owner of the famous "Tisane du Curé de Deuil".

  19. Canonizing Latin American Literature: Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Mario Vargas Llosa Enter the English Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cellini, Alva V.

    As Latin American literature progressively enters into the English curriculum, two writers deserve special commentary for their representative contribution to the literary world. Through their works, the Columbian author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and the Peruvian author, Mario Vargas Llosa clearly convey the Latin American writer's desire to be…

  20. Tres mitos griegos en la narrativa de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    David GARCÍA PÉREZ

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo expone la recepción de los mitos de Antígona, Ulises y Prometeo en la narrativa del escritor colombiano Gabriel García Márquez. Se analiza la re-creación de los mitos indicados en el contexto peculiar del Realismo mágico.

  1. The Necessity of the Literary Tradition: Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupp, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Argues that literature from other countries, taught as multicultural literature, must be taught in the context of its own literary tradition in order to provide high-quality academic instruction. Offers an example with Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One-Hundred Years of Solitude" to show how teaching multicultural literature can live up to…

  2. Jules Horowitz Reactor: Organisation for the Preparation of the Commissioning Phase and Normal Operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estrade, J.; Fabre, J. L.; Marcille, O. [French Alternative Energies end Atomic Energy Commission, Provence (France)

    2013-07-01

    The Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) is a new modern Material Testing Reactor (MTR) currently under construction at CEA Cadarache research centre in the south of France. It will be a major research facility in support to the development and the qualification of materials and fuels under irradiation with sizes and environment conditions relevant for nuclear power plants in order to optimise and demonstrate safe operations of existing power reactors as well as to support future reactors design. It will represent also an important research infrastructure for scientific studies dealing with material and fuel behaviour under irradiation. The JHR will contribute also to secure the production of radioisotope for medical application. This is a key public health stake. The construction of JHR which started in 2007 is going-on with target of commissioning by the end of 2017. The design of the reactor provides modern experimental capacity in support to R and D programs for the nuclear energy for the next 60 years. In parallel to the facility construction, the preparation of the future staff and of the organisation to operate the reactor safely, reliably and efficiently is an important issue. In this framework, many actions are in progress to elaborate: Ο the staffing and the organisational structure for the commissioning test phases and also for normal operation, Ο the documentation in support to the reactor operation (safety analysis report, general operating rules, procedures, instructions, ···), Ο the maintenance, in service and periodic test programs, Ο staff training programs by using dedicated facilities (simulator, ···) Ο commissioning test programs for ensuring that the layout of systems and subcomponents is completed in accordance with the design requirements, the specification performances and the safety criteria. These commissioning tests will also be helpful for transferring the knowledge on the installed systems to the operating group. This paper gives the

  3. The Missions of the United States Air Force in the 22nd Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    facility, rapidity and certainty as we now make the ocean voyage from Liverpool to New York. — Jules Verne , From the Earth to the Moon, 1865...space travel even though Jules Verne quite remarkably predicted the event 35 years earlier in From the Earth to the Moon. 3 The ―deadly...in the Next Hundred Years,‖ Ladies Home Journal, December 1900, 8. 3 Jules Verne describes manned spaceflight using a bullet-shaped capsule fired

  4. JPRS Report. Science & Technology: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-29

    represent a power of 3,200 kilowatt, the " Jules Verne " climatic wind tunnel can reproduce all the components of a given climate to evaluate a... Jules Verne wind tunnel meets the requirements of research and industry and numerous public and private contracts have already been entered into...CSTB. [Box] Performance of the Jules Verne Wind Tunnel (Stages 1 and 2) Top wind speed: 310 km/h (30 m2 section) Temperature range: from -25" C

  5. Valley aggradation in the San Gabriel Mountains, California: climate change versus catastrophic landslide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherler, D.; Lamb, M. P.; Rhodes, E. J.; Avouac, J. P.

    2014-12-01

    The San Gabriel Mountains (SGM) in Southern California, rate amongst the most rapidly uplifting and eroding mountains in the United States. Their steep slopes and sensitivity to wildfires, flash floods, landslides, and debris flows account for imminent hazards to nearby urban areas that might be accentuated by climatic and other environmental changes. Previous studies suggested that river terraces along the North Fork of the San Gabriel River, record temporal variations in sediment supply and river transport capacity that are representative for the SGM and related to climatic changes during the Quaternary. Based on field observations, digital topographic analysis, and dating of Quaternary deposits, we suggest that valley aggradation in the North Fork San Gabriel Canyon was spatially confined and a consequence of the sudden supply of unconsolidated material to upstream reaches by one of the largest known landslides in the SGM. New 10Be-derived surface exposure ages from the landslide deposits, previously assumed to be early to middle Pleistocene in age, indicate at least three Holocene events at ~8-9 ka, ~4-5 ka, and ~0.5-1 ka. The oldest landslide predates the valley aggradation period, which is constrained by existing 14C ages and new luminescence ages to ~7-8 ka. The spatial distribution, morphology, and sedimentology of the river terraces are consistent with deposition from far-travelling debris flows that originated within the landslide deposits. Valley aggradation in the North Fork San Gabriel Canyon therefore resulted from locally enhanced sediment supply that temporarily overwhelmed river capacity but the lack of similar deposits in other parts of the SGM argues against a regional climatic signal. So far, there exists no evidence that in the San Gabriel Mountains, climatic changes can cause sustained increases in hillslope sediment supply that lead to river aggradation and terrace formation.

  6. Coupling between the JULES land-surface scheme and the CCATT-BRAMS atmospheric chemistry model (JULES-CCATT-BRAMS1.0: applications to numerical weather forecasting and the CO2 budget in South America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. S. Moreira

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the coupling of the JULES surface model to the CCATT-BRAMS atmospheric chemistry model. This new numerical system is denominated JULES-CCATT-BRAMS. We demonstrate the performance of this new model system in relation to several meteorological variables and the CO2 mixing ratio over a large part of South America, focusing on the Amazon basin. The evaluation was conducted for two time periods, the wet (March and dry (September seasons of 2010. The model errors were calculated in relation to meteorological observations at conventional stations in airports and automatic stations. In addition, CO2 mixing ratios in the first model level were compared with meteorological tower measurements and vertical CO2 profiles were compared with observations obtained with airborne instruments. The results of this study show that the JULES-CCATT-BRAMS modeling system provided a significant gain in performance for the considered atmospheric fields relative to those simulated by the LEAF (version 3 surface model originally employed by CCATT-BRAMS. In addition, the new system significantly increases the ability to simulate processes involving air–surface interactions, due to the ability of JULES to simulate photosynthesis, respiration and dynamic vegetation, among other processes. We also discuss a wide range of numerical studies involving coupled atmospheric, land surface and chemistry processes that could be done with the system introduced here. Thus, this work presents to the scientific community a free modeling tool, with good performance in comparison with observational data and reanalysis model data, at least for the region and time period discussed here. Therefore, in principle, this model is able to produce atmospheric hindcast/forecast simulations at different spatial resolutions for any time period and any region of the globe.

  7. Wind power system for Sao Gabriel, Irece region, Bahia-Brazil; Sistema eolico de Sao Gabriel, regiao de Irece-Bahia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruni, Carlos D' Alexandria [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia (CEFET-BA), Salvador, BA (Brazil)], e-mail: carlosbruni@cefetba.br; Camelier, Luiz Alberto A. [Companhia de Engenharia Rural da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil)], e-mail: lcamelier@ig.com.br

    2004-07-01

    An electric power plant supplied by a wind-generator is the solution for supply drink water on a small community on Sao Gabriel, Irece - Bahia -Brazil. On behalf of the feasibility a wind power system is described in detail concerning it's technical specifications, it's operation, constraints and it's energy demand. Furthermore wind power system supply is described in detail. Simulations is shows how the system is designed to guarantee a reliability in pumping of drinking water powered by wind power system and it's expansion in the future. (author)

  8. Väikeste värviliste asjade ajastu = The Era of Small Colourful Things / Gabriel Verilaskja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verilaskja, Gabriel

    2003-01-01

    Uutest suundadest valgustuses, tarkvaraga lampidest, valgustite muutumisest väiksemaks, imetillukestest valgustitest, mille sisse on ehitatud võimalus muuta värvi. Illustratsiooniks neli Gabriel Verilaskja ja Kalli Seina disainitud valgustit

  9. Väikeste värviliste asjade ajastu = The Era of Small Colourful Things / Gabriel Verilaskja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Verilaskja, Gabriel

    2003-01-01

    Uutest suundadest valgustuses, tarkvaraga lampidest, valgustite muutumisest väiksemaks, imetillukestest valgustitest, mille sisse on ehitatud võimalus muuta värvi. Illustratsiooniks neli Gabriel Verilaskja ja Kalli Seina disainitud valgustit

  10. Eesti filmitegijate edu jääb alaväärsuskompleksi taha / Gabriel Dettre ; intervjueerinud Andra Teede

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dettre, Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu Ungari päritolu režissööri ja produtsendi Gabriel Dettrega, kes sel hooajal õpetab filmitegemist Balti Filmi- ja Meediakoolis ja Lavakunstikoolis. Intervjuu teemadeks filmitegemine ja -õpetamine

  11. Volba pseudonymu Gabriely Mistralové: Gabriele D'Annunzio, Frederic Mistral a Gabriela Mistralová

    OpenAIRE

    Štěpánková, Kristýna

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to examine the origin of Gabriela Mistral's literary pseudonym, particularly, the probability of the pen name being chosen by her, in order to honour two european writers, an Italian writer Gabriele D'Annunzio and a French writer Frederic Mistral. This work contains general information concerning pen names, their creation and use in Europe and Latin America, also the biography of Gabriela Mistral, Gabriele D'Annunzio and Frederic Mistral, including the compa...

  12. Gabriel y Galán, el maestro-poeta de Castilla

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Martín, Fernando E.

    2009-01-01

    RESUMEN: Cien años se cumplen en el presente curso de la titulación de José Ma Gabriel y Galán como «Maestro de primera enseñanza superior». Los documentos arriba transcritos son el primero y el último del expediente académico de nuestro ilustre alumno1. La efemérides podría desatar múltiples evocaciones. Alumno tan preclaro, paisano tan ligrimo, poeta tan castellano, Gabriel y Galán muestra tres vertientes en las que, sin duda alguna, alcanza grados máximos de calificación que no pueden pasa...

  13. Love stories can be unpredictable: Jules et Jim in the vortex of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dercole, Fabio; Rinaldi, Sergio

    2014-06-01

    Love stories are dynamic processes that begin, develop, and often stay for a relatively long time in a stationary or fluctuating regime, before possibly fading. Although they are, undoubtedly, the most important dynamic process in our life, they have only recently been cast in the formal frame of dynamical systems theory. In particular, why it is so difficult to predict the evolution of sentimental relationships continues to be largely unexplained. A common reason for this is that love stories reflect the turbulence of the surrounding social environment. But we can also imagine that the interplay of the characters involved contributes to make the story unpredictable-that is, chaotic. In other words, we conjecture that sentimental chaos can have a relevant endogenous origin. To support this intriguing conjecture, we mimic a real and well-documented love story with a mathematical model in which the environment is kept constant, and show that the model is chaotic. The case we analyze is the triangle described in Jules et Jim, an autobiographic novel by Henri-Pierre Roché that became famous worldwide after the success of the homonymous film directed by François Truffaut.

  14. Catálogo de los puentes proyectados por Jules Sagebien en la provincia de Matanzas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis R. González Arestuche

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación recopila en documento único, el mejor quehacer de uno de los principales forjadores de Matanzas como ciudad y del desarrollo industrial inicial, alcanzado en el siglo XIX, para la demarcación. El respeto hacia la conservación y el rescate del patrimonio construido en la actual provincia homónima, por sus altísimos valores: histórico, cultural y tecnológico, considera la necesidad del conocimiento ciudadano sobre la actividad del francés Jules Sagebien Tavernier. Desde el año 2009 diferentes instituciones y asociaciones promueven, desde Francia y aquí en Cuba, el estudio de sus realizaciones. Este trabajo pretende ir más allá de las observaciones anteriores, ya que los autores logran crear un catálogo, referido a la ingeniería de puentes desarrollada por él, que tuvo su máxima expresión en la propia ciudad de Matanzas y en los diferentes ramales ferroviarios que diseñó; obras todas ejecutadas en un tiempo que hoy parece imposible de alcanzar.

  15. Jules Tinel (1879-1952): Beyond the eponym, the man and his forgotten neurological contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, O

    2017-06-01

    The trauma of World War I had a lasting impact on clinician and physiologist Jules Tinel (1879-1952). His treatment of peripheral nervous system injuries led him, in 1917, to describe the eponymous sign that he linked to activity of the sympathetic nervous system. Among the sequelae of nerve injuries, he was confronted with causalgia that he attributed, here again, to the autonomic nervous system, the main focus of his laboratory research throughout his career. Tinel's sign became so well known that it eclipsed the originality of his seminal descriptions of exertional headache and of hypertensive emergency caused by pheochromocytoma, which could also have been associated with his name. He was always able to marry his clinical practice of neurology and psychiatric consultations with his anatomicopathological, physiological and pathophysiological research, which was based on his daily practice as a physician. At the same time, he directed the work of numerous assistants in his research laboratory, which has since been unjustly forgotten. Several hundreds of scientific publications, including three seminal works, bear witness to his intense activity, which he combined with a genuine talent for teaching and making his findings accessible to a wider public. Those publications alone would fully justify the historical value of extending his renown beyond the existing eponym. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Radiation Transport Calculation of the UGXR Collimators for the Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chento, Yelko; Hueso, César; Zamora, Imanol; Fabbri, Marco; Fuente, Cristina De La; Larringan, Asier

    2017-09-01

    Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR), a major infrastructure of European interest in the fission domain, will be built and operated in the framework of an international cooperation, including the development and qualification of materials and nuclear fuel used in nuclear industry. For this purpose UGXR Collimators, two multi slit gamma and X-ray collimation mechatronic systems, will be installed at the JHR pool and at the Irradiated Components Storage pool. Expected amounts of radiation produced by the spent fuel and X-ray accelerator implies diverse aspects need to be verified to ensure adequate radiological zoning and personnel radiation protection. A computational methodology was devised to validate the Collimators design by means of coupling different engineering codes. In summary, several assessments were performed by means of MCNP5v1.60 to fulfil all the radiological requirements in Nominal scenario (TEDE < 25µSv/h) and in Maintenance scenario (TEDE < 2mSv/h) among others, detailing the methodology, hypotheses and assumptions employed.

  17. Jules Horowitz Reactor, a new irradiation facility: Improving dosimetry for the future of nuclear experimentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gregoire, G.; Beretz, D.; Destouches, C. [CEA, DEN, DER/SPEX, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2011-07-01

    Document available in abstract form only, full text of document follows: The Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) is an experimental reactor under construction at the French Nuclear Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA) facility at Cadarache. It will achieve its first criticality by the end of 2014. Experiments that will be conducted at JHR will deal with fuel, cladding, and material behavior. The JHR will also produce medical radio-isotopes and doped silicon for the electronic industry. As a new irradiation facility, its instrumentation will benefit from recent improvements. Nuclear instrumentation will include reactor dosimetry, as it is a reference technique to determine neutron fluence in experimental devices or characterize irradiation locations. Reactor dosimetry has been improved with the progress of simulation tools and nuclear data, but at the same time the customer needs have increased: Experimental results must have reduced and assessed uncertainties. This is now a necessary condition to perform an experimental irradiation in a test reactor. Items improved, in the framework of a general upgrading of the dosimetry process based on uncertainty minimization, will include dosimeter, nuclear data, and modelling scheme. (authors)

  18. Love stories can be unpredictable: Jules et Jim in the vortex of life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dercole, Fabio; Rinaldi, Sergio

    2014-06-01

    Love stories are dynamic processes that begin, develop, and often stay for a relatively long time in a stationary or fluctuating regime, before possibly fading. Although they are, undoubtedly, the most important dynamic process in our life, they have only recently been cast in the formal frame of dynamical systems theory. In particular, why it is so difficult to predict the evolution of sentimental relationships continues to be largely unexplained. A common reason for this is that love stories reflect the turbulence of the surrounding social environment. But we can also imagine that the interplay of the characters involved contributes to make the story unpredictable—that is, chaotic. In other words, we conjecture that sentimental chaos can have a relevant endogenous origin. To support this intriguing conjecture, we mimic a real and well-documented love story with a mathematical model in which the environment is kept constant, and show that the model is chaotic. The case we analyze is the triangle described in Jules et Jim, an autobiographic novel by Henri-Pierre Roché that became famous worldwide after the success of the homonymous film directed by François Truffaut.

  19. Radiation Transport Calculation of the UGXR Collimators for the Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chento Yelko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR, a major infrastructure of European interest in the fission domain, will be built and operated in the framework of an international cooperation, including the development and qualification of materials and nuclear fuel used in nuclear industry. For this purpose UGXR Collimators, two multi slit gamma and X-ray collimation mechatronic systems, will be installed at the JHR pool and at the Irradiated Components Storage pool. Expected amounts of radiation produced by the spent fuel and X-ray accelerator implies diverse aspects need to be verified to ensure adequate radiological zoning and personnel radiation protection. A computational methodology was devised to validate the Collimators design by means of coupling different engineering codes. In summary, several assessments were performed by means of MCNP5v1.60 to fulfil all the radiological requirements in Nominal scenario (TEDE < 25µSv/h and in Maintenance scenario (TEDE < 2mSv/h among others, detailing the methodology, hypotheses and assumptions employed.

  20. Traducción de la Constitución colombiana de 1991 a siete Lenguas Vernáculas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Liliana Oróstegui Durán

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available "El libro del árbol de alimento para la vida" es lo que significa para uno de los pueblos indígenas la palabra Constitución. Y es bajo este espíritu que se gestó el proyecto constitucional de 1991, en un momento en que Colombia, más que nunca, pedía por la vida. La Constitución del 91 logró reunir, para su redacción, a muchos sectores que componen el orden social del país, entre ellos dos representantes de grupos indígenas. Una vez el texto aprobado, la Presidencia de la República quiso hacer efectivo uno de sus artículos en los cuales se declara a Colombia como un país pluriétnico, plurilingüe y multicultural. El trabajo de traducción a siete lenguas vernáculas es prueba de ello. El presente texto tiene como fin mostrar las implicaciones sociales, políticas y culturales de ese trabajo.

  1. Coupling between the JULES land-surface scheme and the CCATT-BRAMS atmospheric chemistry model (JULES-CCATT-BRAMS1.0): applications to numerical weather forecasting and the CO2 budget in South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, D. S.; Freitas, S. R.; Bonatti, J. P.; Mercado, L. M.; Rosário, N. M. É.; Longo, K. M.; Miller, J. B.; Gloor, M.; Gatti, L. V.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the development of a new numerical system denominated JULES-CCATT-BRAMS, which resulted from the coupling of the JULES surface model to the CCATT-BRAMS atmospheric chemistry model. The performance of this system in relation to several meteorological variables (wind speed at 10 m, air temperature at 2 m, dew point temperature at 2 m, pressure reduced to mean sea level and 6 h accumulated precipitation) and the CO2 concentration above an extensive area of South America is also presented, focusing on the Amazon basin. The evaluations were conducted for two periods, the wet (March) and dry (September) seasons of 2010. The statistics used to perform the evaluation included bias (BIAS) and root mean squared error (RMSE). The errors were calculated in relation to observations at conventional stations in airports and automatic stations. In addition, CO2 concentrations in the first model level were compared with meteorological tower measurements and vertical CO2 profiles were compared with aircraft data. The results of this study show that the JULES model coupled to CCATT-BRAMS provided a significant gain in performance in the evaluated atmospheric fields relative to those simulated by the LEAF (version 3) surface model originally utilized by CCATT-BRAMS. Simulations of CO2 concentrations in Amazonia and a comparison with observations are also discussed and show that the system presents a gain in performance relative to previous studies. Finally, we discuss a wide range of numerical studies integrating coupled atmospheric, land surface and chemistry processes that could be produced with the system described here. Therefore, this work presents to the scientific community a free tool, with good performance in relation to the observed data and re-analyses, able to produce atmospheric simulations/forecasts at different resolutions, for any period of time and in any region of the globe.

  2. Coupling between the JULES land-surface scheme and the CCATT-BRAMS atmospheric chemistry model (JULES-CCATT-BRAMS1.0: applications to numerical weather forecasting and the CO2 budget in South America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. S. Moreira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the development of a new numerical system denominated JULES-CCATT-BRAMS, which resulted from the coupling of the JULES surface model to the CCATT-BRAMS atmospheric chemistry model. The performance of this system in relation to several meteorological variables (wind speed at 10 m, air temperature at 2 m, dew point temperature at 2 m, pressure reduced to mean sea level and 6 h accumulated precipitation and the CO2 concentration above an extensive area of South America is also presented, focusing on the Amazon basin. The evaluations were conducted for two periods, the wet (March and dry (September seasons of 2010. The statistics used to perform the evaluation included bias (BIAS and root mean squared error (RMSE. The errors were calculated in relation to observations at conventional stations in airports and automatic stations. In addition, CO2 concentrations in the first model level were compared with meteorological tower measurements and vertical CO2 profiles were compared with aircraft data. The results of this study show that the JULES model coupled to CCATT-BRAMS provided a significant gain in performance in the evaluated atmospheric fields relative to those simulated by the LEAF (version 3 surface model originally utilized by CCATT-BRAMS. Simulations of CO2 concentrations in Amazonia and a comparison with observations are also discussed and show that the system presents a gain in performance relative to previous studies. Finally, we discuss a wide range of numerical studies integrating coupled atmospheric, land surface and chemistry processes that could be produced with the system described here. Therefore, this work presents to the scientific community a free tool, with good performance in relation to the observed data and re-analyses, able to produce atmospheric simulations/forecasts at different resolutions, for any period of time and in any region of the globe.

  3. Evaluation of the JULES land surface model in simulating catchment hydrology in Southern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. C. MacKellar

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Land surface models (LSMs are advanced tools which can be used to estimate energy, water and biogeochemical exchanges at regional scales. The inclusion of a river flow routing module in an LSM allows for the simulation of river discharge from a catchment and offers an approach to evaluate the response of the system to variations in climate and land-use, which can provide useful information for regional water resource management. This study offers insight into some of the pragmatic considerations of applying an LSM over a regional domain in Southern Africa. The objectives are to identify key parameter sensitivities and investigate differences between two runoff production schemes in physically contrasted catchments. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES LSM was configured for a domain covering Southern Africa at a 0.5° resolution. The model was forced with meteorological input from the WATCH Forcing Data for the period 1981–2001 and sensitivity to various model configurations and parameter settings were tested. Both the PDM and TOPMODEL sub-grid scale runoff generation schemes were tested for parameter sensitivities, with the evaluation focussing on simulated river discharge in sub-catchments of the Orange, Okavango and Zambezi rivers. It was found that three catchments respond differently to the model configurations and there is no single runoff parameterization scheme or parameter values that yield optimal results across all catchments. The PDM scheme performs well in the upper Orange catchment, but poorly in the Okavango and Zambezi, whereas TOPMODEL grossly underestimates discharge in the upper Orange and shows marked improvement over PDM for the Okavango and Zambezi. A major shortcoming of PDM is that it does not realistically represent subsurface runoff in the deep, porous soils typical of the Okavango and Zambezi headwaters. The dry-season discharge in these catchments is therefore not replicated by PDM. TOPMODEL, however

  4. The Jules Horowitz reactor (JHR), a European material testing reactor (MTR), with extended experimental capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballagny, A.; Bergamaschi, Y.; Bouilloux, Y.; Bravo, X.; Guigon, B.; Rommens, M.; Tremodeux, P. [CEA Cadarache, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)]|[CEA Saclay Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    2003-07-01

    The Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) is the European MTR (Material Testing Reactor) designed to provide, after 2010, the necessary knowledge for keeping the existing power plants in operation and to design innovative reactors types with new objectives such as: minimizing the radioactive waste production, taking into account additional safety requirements, preventing risks of nuclear proliferation... To achieve such an ambitious objective. The JHR is designed with a high flexibility in order to satisfy the current demand from European industry, research and to be able to accommodate future requirements. The JHR will offer a wide range of performances and services in gathering, in a single site at Cadarache, all the necessary functionalities and facilities for an effective production of results: e.g. fuel fabrication laboratories, preparation of the instrumented devices, interpretation of the experiments, modelling. The JHR must rely on a top level scientific environment based on experts teams from CEA and EC and local universities. With a thermal flux of 7,4.10{sup 14} ncm{sup -2} s{sup -1} and a fast flux of 6,4.10{sup 14} ncm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, it is possible to carry out irradiation experiments on materials and fuels whatever the reactor type considered. It will also be possible to carry out locally, fast neutron irradiation to achieve damage effect up to 25 dpa/year. (dpa = displacement per atom.) The study of the fuels behavior under accidental conditions, from analytical experiments, on a limited amount of irradiated fuel, is a major objective of the project. These oriented safety tests are possible by taking into account specific requirements in the design of the facility such as the tightness level of the containment building, the addition of an alpha hot cell and a laboratory for on line fission products measurement. (authors)

  5. The Jules Horowitz reactor (JHR), a European material testing reactor (MTR), with extended experimental capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballagny, A.; Bergamaschi, Y.; Bouilloux, Y.; Bravo, X.; Guigon, B.; Rommens, M.; Tremodeux, P. [CEA Cadarache, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)]|[CEA Saclay Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    2003-07-01

    The Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) is the European MTR (Material Testing Reactor) designed to provide, after 2010, the necessary knowledge for keeping the existing power plants in operation and to design innovative reactors types with new objectives such as: minimizing the radioactive waste production, taking into account additional safety requirements, preventing risks of nuclear proliferation... To achieve such an ambitious objective. The JHR is designed with a high flexibility in order to satisfy the current demand from European industry, research and to be able to accommodate future requirements. The JHR will offer a wide range of performances and services in gathering, in a single site at Cadarache, all the necessary functionalities and facilities for an effective production of results: e.g. fuel fabrication laboratories, preparation of the instrumented devices, interpretation of the experiments, modelling. The JHR must rely on a top level scientific environment based on experts teams from CEA and EC and local universities. With a thermal flux of 7,4.10{sup 14} ncm{sup -2} s{sup -1} and a fast flux of 6,4.10{sup 14} ncm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, it is possible to carry out irradiation experiments on materials and fuels whatever the reactor type considered. It will also be possible to carry out locally, fast neutron irradiation to achieve damage effect up to 25 dpa/year. (dpa = displacement per atom.) The study of the fuels behavior under accidental conditions, from analytical experiments, on a limited amount of irradiated fuel, is a major objective of the project. These oriented safety tests are possible by taking into account specific requirements in the design of the facility such as the tightness level of the containment building, the addition of an alpha hot cell and a laboratory for on line fission products measurement. (authors)

  6. No-nonsense physicist an overview of Gabriele Giuliani’s work and life

    CERN Document Server

    Vignale, Giovanni; Pellegrini, Vittorio; Jain, Jainendra

    2016-01-01

    This book presents a compact personal biography and a collection of works by Gabriele F. Giuliani - a distinguished condensed matter theorist who made important contributions to our understanding of collective effects in electronic materials. In 2012 he passed away after a long battle with cancer. In addition, the book features scientific contributions from some of Prof. Giuliani's former students and collaborators and a number of personal recollections by friends and colleagues which shed light on the complex, multifaceted personality of a physicist who was also a passionate soccer player and formula Ford pilot.

  7. IMITACIÓN ENTRE PINTURA Y CINE EL REQUIEM DE OROZCO RECREADO POR GABRIEL FIGUEROA

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    El artículo ofrece una exposición desde la historia y teoría del arte acerca de la imitación entre distintas artes, entre artistas y los posibles motivos para que ocurra la copia de la pintura en el cine. El caso que sirve de referencia es la recreación del grabado de José Clemente Orozco, El Réquiem, que el cinefotógrafo Gabriel Figueroa Mateos elaboró en una película.

  8. Gabriel Marcel e a teoria da participação ontológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O texto visa situar a gênese da teoria da “participação ontológica” a partir dos escritos iniciais de Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973 compreendidos entre 1910 e 1914. Para tanto, trata-se de explicitar o estatuto dessa seminal posição e seu respectivo contraponto onto-fenomenológico à ideia de “saber absoluto” no contexto do idealismo moderno tendo, em particular, na “doutrina da intuição”, uma de suas versões mais emblemáticas.

  9. Freedom and Communion: Sameness and Alterity Articulation in Gabriel Marcel’s Philosophy. Some Approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Grassi, Martín; Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina y Universidad del Salvador-Área San Miguel

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we will try to show how Gabriel Marcel understands the junction between the self and the other as appears in his reflections on the opposition freedom-gift, on his critique of Sartre’s philosophy of freedom, and on metaphysical implications of love. These three approaches point out a way that leads to understand man’s tension between selfhood and alterity, in the heart of a fundamental communion which refer, ultimately, to the divine. Therefore, metaphysical and religious discou...

  10. Magic Realism in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.J Geetha

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In his One Hundred Years of Solitude Gabriel Garcia Marquez through the arsenal of magicrealism, deals with war, suffering, and death in the mid-1960 of Colombia which hadwitnessed two hundred thousand politically motivated deaths. The purpose behind portrayingthe politics of the region is to comment on how the nature of Latin American politics is towardsabsurdity, denial, and never-ending repetitions of tragedy. His magical flair is to mergefantastic with reality by introducing to the reader his Colombia, where myths, portents, andlegends exist side by side with technology and modernity. These myths, along with otherelements and events in the novel recount a large portion of Colombian history.

  11. Review of the Luca Aloi's work Ontologia e dramma: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto

    OpenAIRE

    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2016-01-01

    O texto resenha a obra de Luca Aloi, Ontologia e dramma: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto, com prefácio de Franco Riva, Milano: Albo Versorio, 2014. O livro que conta com 175 páginas traz, para o primeiro plano, o cenário acerca da produção dramatúrgico-filosófica de Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre no contexto da tradição fenomenológico-existencial. This text makes a review of theLuca Aloi's work Ontologia e dramma:Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto, prefaced by F...

  12. Guidance and Navigation Software Architecture Design for the Autonomous Multi-Agent Physically Interacting Spacecraft (AMPHIS) Test Bed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    class, the Jules Verne successfully completed the autonomous rendezvous and docking system in Europe’s largest ship hull test facility in September...replicate the 2007 Jules Verne mission. http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/ATV/SEMWCEKKKSE_0.html. 23. Banke, K., Air Force XSS-10 Micro-Satellite Mission a

  13. America’s Energy Security Policy: Goals for 2025

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    vehicles. The promise of hydrogen technology is too great to ignore. In his 1874 novel, The Mysterious Island, Jules Verne described a world in...The Reference Shelf, Energy Policy, volume 74, Number 2 (H. W. Wilson, February 2002), 3-4. 75 Jules Verne , The Mysterious Island, 1874, original

  14. USSR Report, Space, No. 19.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-31

    for correcting the trajectory and deceleration upon land- ing ( Jules Verne "De la Terre ä la Lune", 1870), on an artificial earth satel- lite used...is set forth by Jules Verne in "Five Hundred Million Begums" (1879). Finally, the novelist’s fantasy uses a jet engine operating on nuclear energy

  15. Safe Ride Standards for Casualty Evacuation Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Normes de transport sans danger pour l’evacuation des blesses par vehicules aeriens sans pilote)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    type of limited in-flight care. Unfortunately, this forward-looking concept, which gained him the sobriquet of “the Jules Verne of aviation medicine... Jules Verne Van Den Gezondheids-Luchtdienst”. ANNEX B – HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF AERIAL EVACUATION, WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO UAV POTENTIAL USE

  16. Developing and Populating the Global Information Grid for Joint and Coalition Operations: Challenges and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    SPRINGFIELD (SSN) NON-OEF TASKING FS AIGLE (MHC) FS DAGUE (LCT) FS D’ENTRECASTEAUX (AGS) FS FLOREAL (FFG) FS ISARD (AG) FS JULES VERNE (AD) FS LA...ISARD (AG) FS JULES VERNE (AD) FS LA LAVALLEE (FFG) FS LOIRE (AG) FS SIROCO (LSD) FS VAR (AOR) FS VERSEAU (MHC) HMS SPLENDID (SSN) INPORT MUSCAT RBNS

  17. Observaciones sobre algunas obras de Pablo Veronés y de sus seguidores en España (Carletto, Benedetto y Gabriele Caliari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Manero, José María

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The author studies the known works in Spain by Carletto, Benedetto and Gabriele Caliari, as well as others attributed to them for the first time.

    En este artículo se estudian tanto las obras conocidas en España de Carletto, Benedetto y Gabriele Caliari, como otras que se les atribuyen por primera vez.

  18. 76 FR 1212 - Gabriel D. Hall-Corporate Family Transaction Exemption-U S Rail New York, LLC and U S Rail...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Gabriel D. Hall--Corporate Family Transaction Exemption--U S Rail New York, LLC and U S Rail Corporation Gabriel D. Hall (Applicant), an individual, has filed a verified...

  19. Main technical options of the Jules Horowitz reactor project to achieve high flux performances and high safety level

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballagny, A.; Bergamaschi, Y.; Bouilloux, Y.; Bravo, X.; Guigon, B.; Rommens, M.; Tremodeux, P. [CEA Cadarache, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)]|[CEA Saclay Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire DEN, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    2003-07-01

    Since the shutdown of the SILOE reactor in 1997, the OSIRIS reactor has ensured the needs regarding technological irradiation at CEA including those of its industrial partners and customers. The Jules Horowitz Reactor will replace it and will offer a quite larger experimental field. It has the ambition to provide the necessary nuclear data and to maintain a fission research capability in Europe after 2010. The Jules Horowitz Reactor will represent a significant step in terms of performances and experimental capabilities. This paper will present the main design option resulting from the preliminary studies. The choice of the specific power around 600 kW/I for the reference core configuration is a key decision to ensure the required flux level. Consequently many choices have to be made regarding the materials used in the core and the fuel element design. These involve many specific qualifications including codes validation. The main safety options are based on: - A safety approach based upon the defence-in-depth principle. - A strategy of generic approaches to assess experimental risks in the facility. - Internal events analysis taking into account risks linked to reactor and experiments (e.g., radioactive source-term). - Systematic consideration of external hazards (e.g., earthquake, airplane crash) and internal hazards. - Design of containment to manage and mitigate a severe reactor accident (consideration of 'BORAX' accident, according to french safety practice for MTRs, beyond design basis reactivity insertion accident, involving core melting and core destruction phenomena). (authors)

  20. ¿Traducir o recrear ? El dilema de los adaptadores teatrales hispánicos en el caso de Julio Verne

    OpenAIRE

    Figuerola Cabrol, M. Carme

    2013-01-01

    Como en el caso de muchos otros países Julio Verne ha sido un autor de éxito en España, hasta el punto de ser considerado por sus contemporáneos como el autor francés más célebre. Nuestro análisis pretende observar la repercusión que tuvo su obra Miguel Strogoff especialmente en el mundo de las tablas: el contenido divulgativo geográfico, la abundancia de fragmentos protagonizados por multitudes de personajes suponen retos importantes para los adaptadores cuyas soluciones atestiguan a menudo ...

  1. Ontologia e drama: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre em tête-à-tête

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto resenha a obra de Luca Aloi, Ontologia e dramma: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto, com prefácio de Franco Riva, Milano: Albo Versorio, 2014. O livro que conta com 175 páginas traz, para o primeiro plano, o cenário acerca da produção dramatúrgico-filosófica de Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre no contexto da tradição fenomenológico-existencial.

  2. Gabriele Winker, Nina Degele: Intersektionalität. Zur Analyse sozialer Ungleichheiten. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Kahlert

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Gabriele Winker und Nina Degele legen mit ihrer kompakten Monographie erstmals für den deutschsprachigen Raum eine in Theorie, Methodologie und Empirie stringente eigenständige Abhandlung zur intersektionalen Analyse von sozialen Ungleichheiten vor. Das in jeder Hinsicht übersichtlich gestaltete Buch besticht durch eine begründete Argumentation, insbesondere in Bezug auf die theoretischen Vorentscheidungen, durch eine klare Gliederung und vor allem durch die Schritt für Schritt nachvollziehbare Umsetzung des vorgeschlagenen theoretischen und methodologischen Rahmens in die empirische Sozialforschung. Es ist daher uneingeschränkt empfehlenswert, auch für den Einsatz in der Hochschullehre, und es ist von hohem Anregungspotential für die wissenschaftliche Weiterentwicklung intersektionaler Analysen von sozialen Ungleichheiten.This compact monograph by Gabriele Winker and Nina Degele, intended for a German-speaking readership, provides a theoretically, methodologically, and empirically stringent as well as independent critique of intersectional analysis of social inequalities. The book, which is in every sense clearly organized, is striking because of its well-founded argumentation (especially in terms of the authors’ theoretical decisions, its clear structure, and most notably its step-by-step and comprehensible application of the suggested theoretical and methodological framework for empirical social research. The book is thus recommended without reserve, also for use in higher education, and it has the potential to inspire further scientific development of intersectional analysis of social inequities.

  3. Improved representation of plant functional types and physiology in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES v4.2) using plant trait information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harper, Anna B.; Cox, Peter M.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Wiltshire, Andy J.; Jones, Chris D.; Sitch, Stephen; Mercado, Lina M.; Groenendijk, Margriet; Robertson, Eddy; Kattge, Jens; Bönisch, Gerhard; Atkin, Owen K.; Bahn, Michael; Cornelissen, Johannes; Niinemets, Ülo; Onipchenko, Vladimir; Peñuelas, Josep; Poorter, Lourens; Reich, Peter B.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadjeda A.; Bodegom, van Peter

    2016-01-01

    Dynamic global vegetation models are used to predict the response of vegetation to climate change. They are essential for planning ecosystem management, understanding carbon cycle-climate feedbacks, and evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on global ecosystems. JULES (the Joint UK

  4. Improved representation of plant functional types and physiology in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES v4.2) using plant trait information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Harper, Anna B.; Cox, Peter M.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Wiltshire, Andy J.; Jones, Chris D.; Sitch, Stephen; Mercado, Lina M.; Groenendijk, Margriet; Robertson, Eddy; Kattge, Jens; Bönisch, Gerhard; Atkin, Owen K.; Bahn, Michael; Cornelissen, Johannes; Niinemets, Ülo; Onipchenko, Vladimir; Peñuelas, Josep; Poorter, Lourens; Reich, Peter B.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadjeda A.; Bodegom, van Peter

    2016-01-01

    Dynamic global vegetation models are used to predict the response of vegetation to climate change. They are essential for planning ecosystem management, understanding carbon cycle-climate feedbacks, and evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on global ecosystems. JULES (the Joint UK L

  5. Surface and boundary layer exchanges of volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides and ozone during the GABRIEL campaign

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ganzeveld, L.; Eerdekens, G.; Feig, G.; Fischer, H.; Harder, H.; Konigstedt, R.; Kubistin, D.; Martinez, M.; Meixner, F. X.; Scheeren, H. A.; Sinha, V.; Taraborrelli, D.; Williams, J.; de Arellano, J. Vila-Guerau; Lelieveld, J.

    2008-01-01

    We present an evaluation of sources, sinks and turbulent transport of nitrogen oxides, ozone and volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the boundary layer over French Guyana and Suriname during the October 2005 GABRIEL campaign by simulating observations with a single-column chemistry and climate model

  6. Corrosion of the AlFeNi alloy used for the fuel cladding in the Jules Horowitz research reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wintergerst, M.; Dacheux, N.; Datcharry, F.; Herms, E.; Kapusta, B.

    2009-09-01

    The AlFeNi aluminium alloy (1 wt% Fe, 1 wt% Ni, 1 wt% Mg) is expected to be used as nuclear fuel cladding for the Jules Horowitz experimental reactor. To guarantee a safe behaviour of the fuel, a good understanding of the fuel clad corrosion mechanisms is required. In this field, the experimental characterization of the selected alloy was performed. Then experimental studies of the aluminium alloy corrosion product obtained in autoclaves have shown an oxide film composed of two layers. This duplex structure results from a mixed growth mechanism: an anionic growth to develop the inner oxide and a cationic diffusion parallel to a dissolution-precipitation process to form the outer zone. Dynamic experiments at 70 °C have demonstrated that a solid diffusion step controls the release kinetic. Then post-irradiation exams performed on irradiated fuel plates were used to investigate the effects of the irradiation on the corrosion behaviour in the reactor core.

  7. Emission and transmission tomography systems to be developed for the future needs of Jules Horowitz material testing reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kotiluoto, Petri [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O.Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)], E-mail: petri.kotiluoto@vtt.fi; Wasastjerna, Frej; Kekki, Tommi [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O.Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland); Sipilae, Heikki; Banzuzi, Kukka [Oxford Instruments Analytical Oy, Nihtisillankuja 5, P.O.Box 85, FI-02631 Espoo (Finland); Kinnunen, Petri; Heikinheimo, Liisa [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O.Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

    2009-08-01

    The new 100 MW Jules Horowitz material testing reactor will be built in Cadarache, France. It will support, for instance, research on new types of innovative nuclear fuel. As a Finnish in-kind contribution, 3D emission and transmission tomography equipment will be delivered for both the reactor and the active component storage pool. The image reconstruction of activities inside the used nuclear fuel will be based on gamma spectrometry measurements. A new type of underwater digital X-ray linear detector array is under development for transmission imaging, based on GaAs and direct conversion of X-rays into an electrical signal. A shared collimator will be used for both emission and transmission measurements. Some preliminary design has been performed. For the current design, the expected gamma spectrometric response of a typical high-purity germanium detector has been simulated with MCNP for minimum and maximum source activities (specified by CEA) to be measured in future.

  8. Sensitivity Analysis and Parameter Identifiability of the Land Surface Model JULES at the point scale in permeable catchments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakopoulou, C.; Bulygina, N.; Butler, A. P.; McIntyre, N. R.

    2012-04-01

    Land surface models (LSMs) are recognised as important components of Global Circulation Models (GCMs). Simulating exchanges of the moisture, carbon and energy between land surface and atmosphere in a consistent manner requires physics-based LSMs of high complexity, fine vertical resolution and a large number of parameters that need to be estimated. The "physics" that is incorporated in such models is generally based on our knowledge of point (or very small) scale hydrological processes. Therefore, while larger GCM grid-scale performance may be the ultimate goal, the ability of the model to simulate the point-scale processes is, intuitively, a pre-requisite for its reliable use at larger scales. Critical evaluation of model performance and parameter uncertainty at point scales is therefore a rational starting point for critical evaluation of LSMs; and identification of optimal parameter sets at the point scale is a significant stage of the model evaluation at larger scales. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is a complex LSM, which is used to represent surface exchanges in the UK Met Office's forecast and climate change models. This complexity necessitates a large number of model parameters (in total 108) some of which are incapable of being measured directly at large (i.e. kilometer) scales. For this reason, a parameter sensitivity analysis is a vital confidence building process within the framework of every LSM, and as a part of the calibration strategy. The problem of JULES parameter estimation and uncertainty at the point scale with a view to assessing the accuracy and the uncertainty in the default parameter values is addressed. The sensitivity of the JULES output of soil moisture is examined using parameter response surface analysis. The implemented technique is based on the Regional Sensitivity Analysis method (RSA), which evaluates the model response surface over a region of parameter space using Monte Carlo sampling. The modified version of RSA

  9. [The amazing career of a homeopath, philanthropist, Fourierist, Benoît-Jules Mure. (1809-1858)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ségal, Alain; Trépardoux, Francis

    2005-01-01

    The authors evoke the difficulty of dealing with the life and work of Benoît-Jules Mure who was a homeopathic scientist and a keen specialist on propaganda. He was also an adept of Charles Fourier and he used almost his fortune to the spreading of homeopathy and at time, the improvement of social life. Thus he tried to settle humanitarian colonies in Brazil and later in Egypt, Nubian and Sudan in order to improve their fashion of life. He was hit by tuberculosis which led him discover homeopathy and by his strength of character lie led the idea of his mission in favour of his convictions. He was very angry with the official medical organisation and at last he never has been recognized as a médical doctor. The authors underline that his life and his work have probably left some definite marks in the South America let alone the birth of Socialism.

  10. Influence of San Gabriel submarine canyon on narrow-shelf sediment dynamics, southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karl, Herman A.

    1980-01-01

    Variations in the concentration of total suspended particulate matter (TSM) collected 1 m above bottom, changes in vertical profiles of light transmission, and substrate textural patterns reveal a corridor for preferential sediment transport on San Pedro continental shelf, California. During the winter, this corridor, designated the preferential transport corridor (PTC), is defined by higher concentrations of TSM relative to the rest of the shelf and extends for 10-15 km from the inner shelf to the head of San Gabriel Submarine Canyon. Vertical profiles of light transmission within the PTC suggest density stratification throughout the water column and apparent mixing in the upper 15-20 m of water column on either side of the PTC. The PTC is not as fully developed during the summer. Excursions in isopleths of substrate textural variables perpendicular to isobaths in the PTC suggest that although the PTC is seasonally episodic, it recurs regularly over a longer period.

  11. Émile Durkheim between Gabriel Tarde and Arnold van Gennep

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2012-01-01

    This article will situate Durkheim's work by revisiting two debates that influenced his attempt to define and give direction to sociology and anthropology: the debates between Durkheim and Gabriel Tarde and the debates between Durkheim and Arnold van Gennep. The battle between Tarde and Durkheim...... has in recent years been the object of several conferences and publications. This has happened alongside a much needed Tarde revival in sociology. However, Tarde was only one of Durkheim's opponents. For a long period, following Tarde's death in 1904, Arnold van Gennep represented the strongest...... critique of Durkheim's project. This ‘debate’ is little known among anthropologists and social scientists. The aim of this article is to situate Durkheim and the birth of the social sciences in France between both of these two figures. The aim is therefore also to bring together two disciplinary debates...

  12. La Sanidad en la Base Antártica del E.T. "Gabriel de Castilla" The Medical Service in the Army's Antarctic Base "Gabriel de Castilla"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. De Diego Lousa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En marzo de 2007, dio comienzo el Año Polar Internacional 2007-2008 (IPY, que se desarrolló durante 2 años hasta marzo de 2009, para abarcar temporadas completas en el Ártico y en la Antártida. Es un acontecimiento de carácter científico y a escala mundial, que tiene carácter conmemorativo. Su celebración coincide con el 125 aniversario del Primer Año Polar Internacional (1887-1888, el 75 Aniversario del Segundo Año Polar Internacional (1932-1933 y el 50 Aniversario del Año Geofísico Internacional (1957-1958, que condujo al establecimiento del SCAR y del Tratado Antártico. El IPY 2007-2009 está promovido por el Internacional Council for Science (ICSU y la World Meteorological Organization (WMO. España es la primera vez que ha participado activamente en este acontecimiento, haciéndolo con la primera campaña Ártica del BIO Hespérides, y con las 2 bases antárticas operativas. Para la base Antártica del Ejército de Tierra "Gabriel de Castilla", el año 2008 es especial ya que, a la celebración del Año Polar Internacional, se une la conmemoración del 20 aniversario de la presencia española en la Isla Decepción. Fue en el año 1988 cuando se instaló un primer refugio, pero no fue hasta el año 1998, cuando tuvo consideración de Base Antártica. Este artículo tiene como finalidad la descripción de las áreas de Sanidad y de Medio Ambiente, tal y como se denominan en la estructura de la Campaña Antártica del Ejército de Tierra, o áreas cuya responsabilidad corresponden a Oficiales del Cuerpo Militar de Sanidad; también conmemorar esta fecha tan señalada, y a las personas que han participado en las distintas campañas antárticas.In March 2007 began the International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY that lasted two years until March 2009 to span complete seasons in the Arctic and the Antarctic. It is a scientific event on a global scale with a commemorative character. Its celebration coincides with the 125th Anniversary of

  13. Patrones de transfiguración de la vivienda vernácula. Caso de estudio: Chilapa de Álvarez (Guerrero, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Ascencio López

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Desde la segunda mitad del siglo XX, en México, se ha presentado un crecimiento acelerado de las ciudades y una reducción importante de la población rural producto de la migración a los principales centros urbanos. Esto ha generado fenómenos de interacción entre las ciudades y el campo; uno de ellos, el proceso de rururbanización, que trae, dentro de sus consecuencias, la modificación de patrones de edificación. Este artículo, resultado de una investigación, plantea la transformación de la vivienda vernácula por influencia de la rururbanización, la cual deriva en una transfiguración que tiene como característica no solo la evolución del espacio físico, sino también una nueva concepción del hábitat originado en el cambio generacional, social y de actividades económicas. En este contexto, la investigación identificó los patrones de edificación de la vivienda vernácula que se habían mantenido con pocos cambios hasta hace una décadas, y, hoy en día, se han detectado modificaciones a la estructura original de la vivienda por una nueva percepción del hábitat, una nueva habitabilidad.

  14. La "Carta a los maestros" de Jules Ferry (1883 y el laicismo escolar de la IIIª República francesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel FERNÁNDEZ SORIA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Partiendo del valor histórico —de lo que es una muestra su influencia en la política educativa de la Segunda República española— y de la proyección de su legado en nuestros días de la «Carta a los Maestros» (1883 del ministro francés de Instrucción Pública, Jules Ferry, este trabajo se acerca a la vida de su autor y a su política educativa para analizar luego con mayor profundidad los aspectos más sobresalientes del documento —que transcribimos en francés y castellano—, especialmente el laicismo escolar, como medio de establecer una escuela nacional y de fundación de la República, la defensa de la moral común y positiva, los modos y procedimientos —tanto directos como indirectos— de su enseñanza, así como el papel del maestro y del manual en la educación moral y cívica del futuro ciudadano. ABSTRACT: Starting with the historic value —of which it is an example its influence in the educational policy of the Second Republic— and with the influence that remains in our days, of the legate of the «Elementary Schoolteacher’s Letter», written by Jules Ferry, French minister of the Public Instruction, this piece of work approaches to its author’s life and to its educational policy in order to analyse later in greater detail the most relevant aspects of the document —which we reproduce in Spanish and French— specially the scholastic laicism as a way to establish a national school, and the foundation of the Republic, the defence of common and positive morality, the ways and procedures, both direct and indirect, of its teaching, and also the role of schoolteachers and the guide in the moral and civic education of the future citizens.

  15. Further evaluation of wetland emission estimates from the JULES land surface model using SCIAMACHY and GOSAT atmospheric column methane measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayman, Garry; Comyn-Platt, Edward; McNorton, Joey; Chipperfield, Martyn; Gedney, Nicola

    2016-04-01

    The atmospheric concentration of methane began rising again in 2007 after a period of near-zero growth [1,2], with the largest increases observed over polar northern latitudes and the Southern Hemisphere in 2007 and in the tropics since then. The observed inter-annual variability in atmospheric methane concentrations and the associated changes in growth rates have variously been attributed to changes in different methane sources and sinks [2,3]. Wetlands are generally accepted as being the largest, but least well quantified, single natural source of CH4, with global emission estimates ranging from 142-284 Tg yr-1 [3]. The modelling of wetlands and their associated emissions of CH4 has become the subject of much current interest [4]. We have previously used the HadGEM2 chemistry-climate model to evaluate the wetland emission estimates derived using the UK community land surface model (JULES, the Joint UK Land Earth Simulator) against atmospheric observations of methane, including SCIAMACHY total methane columns [5] up to 2007. We have undertaken a series of new HadGEM2 runs using new JULES emission estimates extended in time to the end of 2012, thereby allowing comparison with both SCIAMACHY and GOSAT atmospheric column methane measurements. We will describe the results of these runs and the implications for methane wetland emissions. References [1] Rigby, M., et al.: Renewed growth of atmospheric methane. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L22805, 2008; [2] Nisbet, E.G., et al.: Methane on the Rise-Again, Science 343, 493, 2014; [3] Kirschke, S., et al.,: Three decades of global methane sources and sinks, Nature Geosciences, 6, 813-823, 2013; [4] Melton, J. R., et al.: Present state of global wetland extent and wetland methane modelling: conclusions from a model inter-comparison project (WETCHIMP), Biogeosciences, 10, 753-788, 2013; [5] Hayman, G.D., et al.: Comparison of the HadGEM2 climate-chemistry model against in situ and SCIAMACHY atmospheric methane data, Atmos. Chem

  16. The dependence of land-atmosphere interactions on atmospheric parametrizations in the JULES/UM modelling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Helen; Best, Martin

    2015-04-01

    It has been understood for a while now that atmospheric behaviour is affected by land surface processes, modelling this relationship however still presents challenges. Most numerical weather prediction (NWP) models couple an atmospheric model to a land surface model in order to forecast the weather and/or climate. The Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) demonstrated that soil moisture variability has considerable control over atmospheric behaviour, particularly impacting on precipitation and temperature variability. The study also suggested that differences in coupling strengths between models may be due to differences in atmospheric parametrizations. There have since been other studies which support this claim but it is not yet clear which parameters control the land-atmosphere coupling strength or indeed what it should be. In this study we investigate whether certain atmospheric parameters hold more control than others over model sensitivity to land surface changes. We focus on the interaction of the JULES (Joint UK Land Environment Simulator) land surface model with the Met Office Unified Model (UM) that is used for operational NWP and climate prediction. For computational efficiency we ran the UM at a single site using a single column model (SCM) rather than running a global model simulation. A site in the Sahel region of West Africa was chosen as this is an area that was identified by GLACE as being especially responsive to changes in soil moisture. JULES was run several times with various different initial soil moisture profiles to create an ensemble of surface sensible and latent heat fluxes that could be used to force a set of different SCM runs in order to simulate a range of different atmospheric conditions. Various atmospheric parameters in the SCM were then perturbed to create additional sets of SCM runs with different sensitivities to soil moisture changes. By analysing the difference in spread between the standard configuration and the

  17. Magnetic levitation assisted aircraft take-off and landing (feasibility study - GABRIEL concept)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohacs, Daniel; Rohacs, Jozsef

    2016-08-01

    The Technology Roadmap 2013 developed by the International Air Transport Association envisions the option of flying without an undercarriage to be in operation by 2032. Preliminary investigations clearly indicate that magnetic levitation technology (MagLev) might be an appealing solution to assist the aircraft take-off and landing. The EU supported research project, abbreviated as GABRIEL, was dealing with (i) the concept development, (ii) the identification, evaluation and selection of the deployable magnetic levitation technology, (iii) the definition of the core system elements (including the required aircraft modifications, the ground-based system and airport elements, and the rendezvous control system), (iv) the analysis of the safety and security aspects, (v) the concept validation and (vi) the estimation of the proposed concept impact in terms of aircraft weight, noise, emission, cost-benefit). All results introduced here are compared to a medium size hypothetic passenger aircraft (identical with an Airbus A320). This paper gives a systematic overview of (i) the applied methods, (ii) the investigation of the possible use of magnetic levitation technology to assist the commercial aircraft take-off and landing processes and (iii) the demonstrations, validations showing the feasibility of the radically new concept. All major results are outlined.

  18. Medicine, Gabriel García Márquez, and 'Love in the time of cholera'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toledo-Pereyra, Luis H

    2008-01-01

    The Nobel award-winning author Gabriel García Márquez (born 1927) originally released his book Love in the Time of Cholera in Colombia in 1985. For us physicians and surgeons this book contains lessons about medical humanities and the opportunity to apply them to our profession. Dr. Juvenal Urbino, one of the book's central figures, is a distinguished physician with impeccable training in Paris in the late 1870s to early 1880s. He returned to his native Colombian Caribbean coast to practice medicine and surgery. There his practice set an example for contemporary and future generations of physicians. Urbino was knowledgeable, dedicated, committed, studious, and well-intentioned. He mastered the humanities to the benefit of patients and society alike. He was an outstanding professor at the medical school and a favorite teacher to his attentive students. For all his good virtues, however, he did not serve the poor as much as he should have, possibly as a consequence of his opulent origin in the District of the Viceroys of his natal city. In short, Dr. Urbino brought to the medical profession a bright example of responsibility, professionalism, and integrity. Thus, he should be remembered as a physician and professor worthy of imitating in today's practice of medicine.

  19. [The measurement of time and its instruments: the program of experimental psychology of Gabriele Buccola].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degni, Silvia

    2008-01-01

    Gabriele Buccola is remembered as the first Italian psychologist to have developed a rigorous program of laboratory research. The careful examination of the instruments and experimental planning of his psychochronometric investigations reveals the indissoluble bond between theory and experimentation that defines a scientific conception of psychology on the basis of a differential methodology. For Buccola it is important to demonstrate that there exist "laws" that govern the mental processes, and that there exists a time that regulates human reactions and behaviour, considering however the individual differences and various factors that can bear influence to increase or decrease it. The use of 'intelligent' instruments proves to be fundamental within a model of experimentation directed towards pointing out individual differences and not just identifying the general laws of mental functioning. Buccola in this way imparts a psychological characterization to the study of mental illness--placing him as an initiator of experimental psychopathology, which will have a significant development in Europe thanks precisely to the work of Kraepelin--along with a differential and clinical-experimental bent to the emerging Italian scientific psychology. Lastly, the attention directed to the study of complex mental processes leads Buccola to lay the foundation in Italy for the study of the subjective experience of time.

  20. El infante don Gabriel y el impresor Ibarra en la obra cumbre del Salustio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaechea Labayen, Juan B.

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En la obra conocida como el «Salustio de Ibarra», considerada por especialistas domésticos y foráneos como la mejor impresa en España, convergen circunstancias relevantes debidas a la participación intelectual del infante don Gabriel de Borbón y la eficiencia técnica de Joaquín Ibarra. El autor reivindica la autenticidad de los textos atribuidos al infante contra cierto escepticismo sembrado en razón de la elevada alcurnia de la atribución. Seguidamente, se realiza el análisis de las cualidades técnicas de la impresión, eminentes en una época de esplendor del arte impresorio, y en cuya confección colaboraron los más descollantes artistas del buril de aquel período considerado de triunfo de la estampa ilustrada.

  1. Political Ecology in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eman Mohammed ElSherief

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The roots of ecology prolong profoundly within earlier phases of history, when the naturalistic fabric was first evinced.  Bringing out his On the Origin of Species in 1859, Darwin not merely engendered a biological culmination but also heralded the revolutionary critical canon of naturalism that was virtually a stone thrown in the vast stagnant lake of traditional literature. Via the naturalistic lens, the whole bulk of man’s behavioral attributes are being expounded in terms of milieu and heredity. The mid-1990s witnessed the publication of The Environmental Imagination by Lawrence Buell in 1995, and The Ecocriticism Reader edited by Cheryll Gloffelty and Harold Fromm in 1996, which palpably underpinned ecocriticism as revolving around the inextricable liaison between literature and the physical environment. The political ecology term was coined to further scrutinize relations among people that pertain to nature. The present paper is an endeavor to pursue the ecological tenor of Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s landmark novel, One Hundred Years of Solitude, and how it was admirably exploited to address precarious postcolonial issues. Keywords: Political ecology, Marquez, naturalism, ecocriticism, post-colonialism.

  2. Improved representation of plant functional types and physiology in the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES v4.2) using plant trait information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Anna B.; Cox, Peter M.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Wiltshire, Andy J.; Jones, Chris D.; Sitch, Stephen; Mercado, Lina M.; Groenendijk, Margriet; Robertson, Eddy; Kattge, Jens; Bönisch, Gerhard; Atkin, Owen K.; Bahn, Michael; Cornelissen, Johannes; Niinemets, Ülo; Onipchenko, Vladimir; Peñuelas, Josep; Poorter, Lourens; Reich, Peter B.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadjeda A.; van Bodegom, Peter

    2016-07-01

    Dynamic global vegetation models are used to predict the response of vegetation to climate change. They are essential for planning ecosystem management, understanding carbon cycle-climate feedbacks, and evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on global ecosystems. JULES (the Joint UK Land Environment Simulator) represents terrestrial processes in the UK Hadley Centre family of models and in the first generation UK Earth System Model. Previously, JULES represented five plant functional types (PFTs): broadleaf trees, needle-leaf trees, C3 and C4 grasses, and shrubs. This study addresses three developments in JULES. First, trees and shrubs were split into deciduous and evergreen PFTs to better represent the range of leaf life spans and metabolic capacities that exists in nature. Second, we distinguished between temperate and tropical broadleaf evergreen trees. These first two changes result in a new set of nine PFTs: tropical and temperate broadleaf evergreen trees, broadleaf deciduous trees, needle-leaf evergreen and deciduous trees, C3 and C4 grasses, and evergreen and deciduous shrubs. Third, using data from the TRY database, we updated the relationship between leaf nitrogen and the maximum rate of carboxylation of Rubisco (Vcmax), and updated the leaf turnover and growth rates to include a trade-off between leaf life span and leaf mass per unit area.Overall, the simulation of gross and net primary productivity (GPP and NPP, respectively) is improved with the nine PFTs when compared to FLUXNET sites, a global GPP data set based on FLUXNET, and MODIS NPP. Compared to the standard five PFTs, the new nine PFTs simulate a higher GPP and NPP, with the exception of C3 grasses in cold environments and C4 grasses that were previously over-productive. On a biome scale, GPP is improved for all eight biomes evaluated and NPP is improved for most biomes - the exceptions being the tropical forests, savannahs, and extratropical mixed forests where simulated NPP is too

  3. The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 4.0 and JULES Global Land 4.0 configurations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. N. Walters

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available We describe Global Atmosphere 4.0 (GA4.0 and Global Land 4.0 (GL4.0: configurations of the Met Office Unified Model and JULES (Joint UK Land Environment Simulator community land surface model developed for use in global and regional climate research and weather prediction activities. GA4.0 and GL4.0 are based on the previous GA3.0 and GL3.0 configurations, with the inclusion of developments made by the Met Office and its collaborators during its annual development cycle. This paper provides a comprehensive technical and scientific description of GA4.0 and GL4.0 as well as details of how these differ from their predecessors. We also present the results of some initial evaluations of their performance. Overall, performance is comparable with that of GA3.0/GL3.0; the updated configurations include improvements to the science of several parametrisation schemes, however, and will form a baseline for further ongoing development.

  4. The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 4.0 and JULES Global Land 4.0 configurations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. N. Walters

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We describe Global Atmosphere 4.0 (GA4.0 and Global Land 4.0 (GL4.0: configurations of the Met Office Unified Model and JULES community land surface model developed for use in global and regional climate research and weather prediction activities. GA4.0 and GL4.0 are based on the previous GA3.0 and GL3.0 configurations, with the inclusion of developments made by the Met Office and its collaborators during its annual development cycle. This paper provides a comprehensive technical and scientific description of GA4.0 and GL4.0 as well as details of how these differ from their predecessors. We also present the results of some initial evaluations of their performance. These show that, overall, performance is comparable with that of GA3.0/GL3.0; the updated configurations do, however, include improvements to the science of several parametrization schemes and will form a baseline for further ongoing development.

  5. Incorporation of water vapor transfer in the JULES land surface model: Implications for key soil variables and land surface fluxes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Gonzalez, Raquel; Verhoef, Anne; Luigi Vidale, Pier; Braud, Isabelle

    2012-05-01

    This study focuses on the mechanisms underlying water and heat transfer in upper soil layers, and their effects on soil physical prognostic variables and the individual components of the energy balance. The skill of the JULES (Joint UK Environment Simulator) land surface model (LSM) to simulate key soil variables, such as soil moisture content and surface temperature, and fluxes such as evaporation, is investigated. The Richards equation for soil water transfer, as used in most LSMs, was updated by incorporating isothermal and thermal water vapor transfer. The model was tested for three sites representative of semiarid and temperate arid climates: the Jornada site (New Mexico, USA), Griffith site (Australia), and Audubon site (Arizona, USA). Water vapor flux was found to contribute significantly to the water and heat transfer in the upper soil layers. This was mainly due to isothermal vapor diffusion; thermal vapor flux also played a role at the Jornada site just after rainfall events. Inclusion of water vapor flux had an effect on the diurnal evolution of evaporation, soil moisture content, and surface temperature. The incorporation of additional processes, such as water vapor flux among others, into LSMs may improve the coupling between the upper soil layers and the atmosphere, which in turn could increase the reliability of weather and climate predictions.

  6. Scientific Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    1967-01-01

    followed Hale’s into orbit. In 1879, Jules Verne wrote about launching small satellites with a gun possessing a muzzle velocity of 10 000 m/sec (ref. 3...was activated in 1950.11 It was located only a few tens of miles from the spot where Jules Verne had his Baltimore Gun Club fire a manned projectile to...principle, satellites can be launched by a single impulse applied at the Earth’s surface-say, with a large cannon, & la Jules Verne (sec. 8-3). In

  7. Gabriel Tarde ve Medya-Toplum İlişkisini Yeniden Keşfetmek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Sadullah Çebi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ÖzBu çalışmanın amacı, Fransız sosyolog Gabriel Tarde’ın geliştirdiği ‘kamusal alan modeli’ üzerinden medya ve toplum ilişkisini yeniden keşfetmek, anlamak ve açıklamaktır. Tarde’ın kamusal alan modeli, karşılıklı etkileşen dört unsurdan oluşur: Basın, sohbet, kamuoyu, eylem. Tarde, modern toplumda basına önemli işlevler yükler. Tarde’a göre basın; bilgili, eleştirel ve rasyonel bir kamunun ortaya çıkmasını ve gelişmesini sağlamıştır. İkinci olarak; kahvehane ve salonlarda cereyan eden bir kamusal tartışma ve müzakere biçimine, yani sohbetlere zemin oluşturmuştur. Üçüncü olarak; kamuoyunu dillendirmiş ve oluşturmuştur. Dördüncü olarak; bireylerin sosyal, politik ve ekonomik süreçlerdeki seçim ve kararlarını etkilemiştir. Nihayetinde, zihinlerde hayalî bir kurgu olarak millet ve milliyet fikrini oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada; Tarde’ın kamusal alan modelinin, iletişim biliminde ‘iki aşamalı iletişim akışı modeli’ olarak bilinen ‘sınırlı medya etkileri modeli’nin ilk örneklerinden biri olduğu sonucuna ulaşılacaktır. AbstractThe purpose of this study is to rediscover, to understand and to interpret, relationships between the mass media and society through public sphere model developed by French sociologist Gabriel Tarde. Tarde’s public sphere model consists of four elements: Press, conversation, public opinion and action. Tarde attributed important roles to press in modern society. Firstly, according to Tarde press provided to emerge and to develop of a knowledgeable, critical and rational public. Secondly, it formed a basis for public discussions and deliberations, in other words for conversations that took place in coffee houses and saloons. Thirdly, it expressed and created public opinion. Fourthly, it determined choices and decisions of people in social, economic and political processes. Lastly, it created the idea of nation and nationality

  8. Adult onset asthma and interaction between genes and active tobacco smoking: The GABRIEL consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postma, D. S.; Moffatt, M. F.; Jarvis, D.; Ramasamy, A.; Wjst, M.; Omenaas, E. R.; Bouzigon, E.; Demenais, F.; Nadif, R.; Siroux, V.; Polonikov, A. V.; Solodilova, M.; Ivanov, V. P.; Curjuric, I.; Imboden, M.; Kumar, A.; Probst-Hensch, N.; Ogorodova, L. M.; Puzyrev, V. P.; Bragina, E. Yu; Freidin, M. B.; Nolte, I. M.; Farrall, A. M.; Cookson, W. O. C. M.; Strachan, D. P.; Koppelman, G. H.; Boezen, H. M.

    2017-01-01

    Background Genome-wide association studies have identified novel genetic associations for asthma, but without taking into account the role of active tobacco smoking. This study aimed to identify novel genes that interact with ever active tobacco smoking in adult onset asthma. Methods We performed a genome-wide interaction analysis in six studies participating in the GABRIEL consortium following two meta-analyses approaches based on 1) the overall interaction effect and 2) the genetic effect in subjects with and without smoking exposure. We performed a discovery meta-analysis including 4,057 subjects of European descent and replicated our findings in an independent cohort (LifeLines Cohort Study), including 12,475 subjects. Results First approach: 50 SNPs were selected based on an overall interaction effect at p<10−4. The most pronounced interaction effect was observed for rs9969775 on chromosome 9 (discovery meta-analysis: ORint = 0.50, p = 7.63*10−5, replication: ORint = 0.65, p = 0.02). Second approach: 35 SNPs were selected based on the overall genetic effect in exposed subjects (p <10−4). The most pronounced genetic effect was observed for rs5011804 on chromosome 12 (discovery meta-analysis ORint = 1.50, p = 1.21*10−4; replication: ORint = 1.40, p = 0.03). Conclusions Using two genome-wide interaction approaches, we identified novel polymorphisms in non-annotated intergenic regions on chromosomes 9 and 12, that showed suggestive evidence for interaction with active tobacco smoking in the onset of adult asthma. PMID:28253294

  9. The Handheld Library: Developments at the Rector Gabriel Ferraté Library, UPC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Benítez Juan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to highlight the mobile services developed by the Rector Gabriel Ferraté Library (BRGF of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC-Barcelona Tech in Barcelona, Spain. We hope this paper will be of use to other libraries exploring new technologies for communicating and delivering their services to users at a time when mobile services are an emerging topic in librarianship and information science literature. By setting out the successive steps involved in the as yet unfinished process of building our mobile services portfolio, we aim to offer a detailed picture of the mobile services and features offered by a university library from a case study perspective. The main topics to be discussed include: The BRGF’s mobile website, including the information available, its interactive capabilities and the services it provides to its users. The mobile-friendly version of UP Commons(the UPC Library Service’s institutional repositories. The UPC Library Service’s mobile OPAC. The mobile version of u-win(BRGF’s videogame service. The use of QR codes to deliver information to mobile devices. Text message notifications. Additional topics for discussion include: The library’s organisation and the organisational concepts that underpin and make possible its technological developments (including mobile. BRGF’s concern regarding the reduction of investment in the development of mobile services. The criteria and tools used to guide the library’s decisions regarding the design and orientation of current and future mobile services. How mobile services can help to improve the image of the library as a leading technology site. Selected mobile features that BRGF plans to offer in the near future. Ultimately, this paper aims to delineate the effectiveness and potential of delivering library services by the preferred means of communication of a new generation of students and teachers.

  10. La Medicina en la Obra Literaria de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Sánchez Torres

    1999-08-01

    había hojeado todos y leído algunos.

    Si analizamos sus novelas, crónicas y cuentos con el propósito de extraer de ellos los temas médi-cos -que es lo que hice para poder escribir este ensayo- encontraremos que, en efecto, Gabriel García Márquez estaba muy familiarizado con los asuntos galénicos. Se advierte su afición y hasta su pasión por ellos. Además de haber leído enciclo-pedias, tuvo también que documentarse muy bien en otras fuentes para poder escribir con tanta propiedad, no siendo la medicina su profesión.

    En la década de los 60, cuando residía en Ciudad de México y daba a conocer en privado y a cuenta gotas Cien años de soledad, sus amigos compro-baron su obsesión documental, como que su mesa de trabajo acumulaba montones de libros que hablaban de alquimia, de navegantes, “manuales de medicina casera, crónicas sobre las pestes medievales, manuales de venenos y antídotos, crónicas de Indias, estudios sobre el escorbuto, el beriberi y la pelagra…” (6. No es de extrañar, entonces, que en su novela cumbre mencione que Melquíades “era un fugitivo de cuantas plagas y catástrofes habían flagelado al género humano. Sobrevivió -dice- a la pelagra en Persia, al escorbuto en el Archipiélago de Malasia, a la lepra en Alejandría, al beriberi en el Japón, a la peste bubónica en Madagascar…” (7

    Veremos luego que lo afirmado ahora salta a la vista en algunas de sus principales narraciones: Crónica de una muerte anunciada, El general en su laberinto, El amor en los tiempos del cólera, Sobre el amor y otros demonios…

    El inmortal Lope de Vega goza de la predilección de García Márquez. Otro tanto puede decirse del francés François Rabelais, según deduzco de un párrafo extraído de Cien años de soledad. En el último capítulo de su obra maestra aparece un personaje, Gabriel, que tenía una sigilosa novia llamada Mercedes. Formaba parte -dice el narrador- de un grupo de jóvenes intelectuales

  11. Jules Horowitz reactor - Complementary safety assessment in the light of the Fukushima accident; Reacteur Jules Horowitz - Evaluation complementaire de la surete au regard de l'accident survenu a la centrale nucleaire de Fukushima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-09-13

    This CSA (Complementary Safety Assessment) analyses the robustness of the Jules Horowitz reactor (RJH) to extreme situations such as those that led to the Fukushima accident and proposes a series of improvements. RJH is being built on the Cadarache CEA's site. Robustness is the ability for the facility to withstand events beyond the level for which the facility was designed. Robustness is linked to safety margins but also to the situations leading to a sudden deterioration of the accident sequence (cliff edge effect). Safety is not only a matter of design or of engineered systems, it is also a matter of organization. So issues like RJH's crisis organization, the organization of radiation protection, and work organization via subcontracting are also taken into consideration. This report is divided into 9 main chapters: 1) main features of the RJH facility, 2) identification of cliff edge risks and of equipment essential for safety, 3) earthquake risk, 4) flood risk, 5) risks due to other extreme natural disasters, 6) the loss of electrical power supplies and of cooling systems, 7) management of severe accidents, 8) subcontracting policy, 9) synthesis and list of improvements. This study shows a globally good robustness of the RJH for the considered risks. Nevertheless it can considered relevant to increase the robustness of the plant on a few points: -) to increase the seismic safety margins of some pieces of equipment, -) to increase the robustness of the internal electrical power supplies, -) to increase the fuel cooling capacity, and -) to improve the management of the post-accidental period. (A.C.)

  12. The Jules Horowitz Reactor - A new High Performance European Material Testing Reactor open to International Users Present Status and Objectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iracane, Daniel; Bignan, Gilles [CEA Atomic Energy Commission Saclay Batiment 121- 91191 Gif Sur Yvette (France); Lindbaeck, Jan-Erik; Blomgren, Jan [VATTENFALL AB Nuclear Power Jaemtlandsgatan 99 SE-16287 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2010-07-01

    The development of sustainable nuclear energy requires R and D on fuel and material behaviour under irradiation with a high level of performance in order to meet the needs and challenges for the benefit of industry, research and public bodies. These stakes require a sustainable and secured access to an up-to-date high performance Material Testing Reactor. Following a broad survey within the European Research Area, the international community agreed that the need for Material Test Reactors in support of nuclear power plant safety and operation will continue in the context of sustainable nuclear energy. The Jules Horowitz Reactor project (JHR) copes with this context. JHR is designed as a user facility addressing the needs of the international community. This means: - flexibility with irradiation loops able to reproduce a large variation in operation conditions of different power reactor technologies, - high flux capacity to address Generations II, III, and IV needs. JHR is designed, built and operated as an international user facility because: - Given the maturity and globalization of the industry, domestic tools have no more the required level of economic and technical efficiency. Meanwhile, countries with nuclear energy need an access to high performance irradiation experimental capabilities to support technical skill and guarantee the competitiveness and safety of nuclear energy. - Many research items related to safety or public policy (waste management, etc.) require international cooperation to share costs and benefits of resulting consensus. JHR design is optimised for offering high performance material and fuel irradiation capability for the coming decades. This project is driven and funded by an international consortium gathering vendors, utilities and public stakeholders. This consortium has been set up in March 2007 when the construction began. The construction is in progress and the start of operation is scheduled for 2014. The JHR is a research

  13. Gabriele Veneziano : "La physique moderne doit dépasser Einstein et explorer l'avant-Big Bang"

    CERN Multimedia

    Deschamps, Pascale-Marie

    2004-01-01

    Interview with Gabriele Veneziana: in search of the infinitesimally small and infinitesimally large, the Standard Model of elementary particles and Einstein's general relativity are not enough to explain the universe. The "visible" matter predicted by the Standard Model represents only 5% of the energy of the Universe, the dark "invisible" matter constitutes 25 to 30%. Therefore 65 to 70 % of something else is missing. String theory calls into question all that one knows of the primordial universe formulated by the Standard Model (4 pages)

  14. IDENTIDADE E REPRESENTAÇÃO NAS OBRAS DE BERNARD MALAMUD E GABRIEL GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELIANE SANTANA DIAS DEBUS

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Os romances As vidas de Dubin, de escritor norte-americano Bernard Malamud,e O general em seu labirinto, do escritor latino-americano Gabriel GarcíaMárquez, são analisados sobre o mesmo eixo temático que diz respeito àconflitante tentativa das personagens principais dessas narrativas em constituiruma identidade. A hipótese geradora dessa leitura é de que, ao construir umaidentidade individual, essas personagens buscam (reconstruir uma identidadenacional. Os referenciais teóricos advindos dos estudos pós-coloniais são abase para a análise comparativa dessas duas narrativas.

  15. Testimonio del historiador José Gabriel Vazeilles : Trabajadores, política y cambios en la Argentina de 2004

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    El historiador José Gabriel Vazeilles brinda su mirada en el Día de los Trabajadores, 1º de mayo de 2004, sobre la situación actual, los recientes cambios políticos luego de la crisis argentina del año 2001; describe etapas dentro del sistema capitalista dependiente en el que el país se desarrolla y caracteriza el gobierno naciente del presidente Néstor Kirchner. Este testimonio sale al aire y se registra del programa Todos los Climas, conducido por Cintia Rodil y Mario Arteca con producción ...

  16. Cien años de soledad : Novela de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Vargas

    1967-04-01

    Full Text Available Cien años de soledad, la novela de Gabriel García Márquez publicada por la Editorial Sudamericana de Buenos Aires, es la culminación y la conclusión definitiva del ciclo de Macondo y significa el tránsito hacia nuevos ternas y nuevos personajes. Macondo, el pueblo costeño de sol abrumador y calor inaguantable y de amplias calles arenosas, es la Aracataca natal del autor, un poblado magdalenense que vivió mejores épocas en los años del auge del cultivo del banano.

  17. La religión del amor en la última narrativa de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    Giobanna Patricia Buenahora Molina

    1998-01-01

    Gabriel García Márquez es un escritor con una profunda vocación religiosa, tal y como ha demostrado en su ya dilatada trayectoria novelística. Sus obras están llenas de mitos bíblicos, personajes legendarios, criaturas procedentes del Antiguo Testamento, vendedores de milagros, santos, predicadores de pelaje variopinto, sermoneros profesionales, ángeles destronados, sábanas santas, mujeres que suben al cielo en estado virginal, resurrecciones, etcétera. Faltaba por tanto uno de los temas más ...

  18. Libro de las generaciones y linajes de los reyes ¿Un título vernáculo para el Liber regum?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Martin

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available El título latino Liber regum disimula el aspecto más novedoso de la obra que encabeza: el uso del romance navarro, que hace de ella la primera crónica hispana escrita en lengua vernácula y quizá el primer escrito romance de las letras hispánicas. Pero ¿sobre qué base proponer un título romance cuando las tres primeras versiones conocidas y los pocos manuscritos que las conservan ofrecen tres rotulaciones distintas?Le titre latin Liber regum cache la grande nouveauté de l’œuvre qu’il désigne : l’usage du roman navarrais, qui fait de celle-ci la première chronique hispanique écrite en langue vernaculaire, voire le premier écrit roman des lettres hispaniques. Mais, sur quelle base proposer un titre roman alors même que les trois premières versions connues et les rares manuscrits qui les conservent offrent trois intitulés distincts ?

  19. What is a Society? Gabriel Tarde’s Philosophy of Appropriations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José García Molina

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Hace apenas una década Gabriel Tarde era desconocido para la mayoría de profesores e investigadores de las ciencias sociales o la filosofía. Asistimos, en el nuevo milenio, a una multiplicación exponencial de las referencias a su pensamiento y obra. “El regreso de Tarde” propicia diferentes preguntas que obligan a análisis alejados de fáciles hagiografías, de abusivas apropiaciones o rechazos y de otros peligros comunes a toda exhumación de un corpus enterrado. Por todo ello, el presente artículo persigue dos objetivos. Primero, presentar esquemáticamente el sistema filosófico de Tarde. Su “ontologie de l’avoir”, la otra metafísica, propia de ciertos pensadores europeos de finales del siglo XIX, desemboca en un vitalismo que se opone a cualquier totalización o clausura física, biológica o social. La neo-monadología tardeana y sus derivaciones sociológicas se deducen de ciertas vías metafísicas sobre la naturaleza del universo, de los elementos que lo componen y de la perpetua acción que ejercen unos sobre otros. Ontología del tener, sostenida en un psicomorfismo y sociomorfismo universal, que sustituye a la tradicional ontología del ser y presenta una original forma de cartografía de la constitución de las sociedades. En segundo lugar, señalaremos algunas intuiciones acerca de los usos de Tarde. Su vuelta puede ser pensada como moda que rescata y consume “antiguos autores menores” alegando el agotamiento de los paradigmas hegemónicos clásicos; pero también como política de memoria y restitución de saberes sometidos/olvidados por el concurso de lógicas más poderosas. La pregunta más urgente es a nuestro juicio: ¿para qué sirve el renacido Tarde? Apuntamos apenas amagos de respuesta. Lejos de cerrar las preguntas pretendemos reabrirlas en la dirección de un trabajo más amplio y detenido que ya está en marcha.

  20. Criticism of the narrative works of Gabriel García Márquez in Serbian literary magazines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Z Dickov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the Serbian translation of the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude appeared in 1973, the narrative works of Gabriel García Márquez have continued to interest Serbian critics. After an initial break with readers’ expectations, criticism of the magical realism and other aspects of the prose of García Márquez soon (from 1975 began to develop in Serbia, and intensified in the later seventies of the last century as well as at the end of the first decade of the 21st century, when a series of essays, reviews, articles and studies were published on the novels, stories, reportages, essays and memoirs of García Márquez, including his journalistic work. Half of the texts written by Serbian critics for literary journals came out in Belgrade, especially in Književna reč (The Literary Word, the most prolific authors being Radomir Ivanović and Branko Anđić. The judgment of Serbian critics, presented in the literary magazines, which was based frequently on the latest advances in narratology, genealogy and comparative literature, has contributed greatly to the shaping of readers’ expectations not only regarding Gabriel García Márquez’s prose but also new Latin American narrative in general.

  1. Gabriel Miró, Del vivir (1904 y su ruptura con la convención novelesca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lozano Marco, Miguel Ángel

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available I'm trying to analyze, with our new criteria, Del vivir, the first work recognized by Gabriel Miró as his, after repudiating his two previous novels. The proposal, documented, of the writing date allows venturing one hypothesis: the influence that Antonio Azorin could exercise over the young Miró. The novelistic model found in the Jose Martinez Ruiz work teaches him to disregard the argument in order to attend to the life, and allows him to conceive a character (whom we only know that his name is Sigüenza without neither physical features nor story, in order to emphasize its substance and moral nature.Pretendo analizar, con nuevos criterios, Del vivir, la primera obra que Gabriel Miró reconoce como suya después de repudiar sus dos novelas anteriores. La propuesta, documentada, de la fecha de escritura permite aventurar una hipótesis: la influencia que Antonio Azorín pudo ejercer sobre el joven Miró. El modelo novelístico que encuentra en la obra de José Martínez Ruiz le enseña a prescindir del argumento para atender a la vida, y le permite concebir un personaje (del que sólo sabemos que se llama Sigüenza sin rasgos físicos y sin historia, para destacar su sustancia y carácter moral.

  2. Air Force Contract Negotiations: Importance, Roles, and Major Problems in the United States and Four NATO Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    Aldine Publishing Co., 1964. Backman, Jules , ed. Social Responsibility and Accountability. New York: New York University Press, 1975. Bartos...Conflict. New York: Academic Press, 1970. Terpstra, Vern . International Marketing. Dryden Press, 1972. .. The Cultural Environment of International

  3. Rethinking Inclusion as Mundanity: Insights from an Experimental Bilingual Kindergarten Classe LSF at École Maternelle Gabriel Sajus in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Joseph Michael

    2017-01-01

    In this article, I demonstrate how hybrid language practices allow for children to make use of their full linguistic repertoire in negotiating the social and communicative demands of the school environment (Axelrod in "Early Child Educ J," p 1-8, 2014). I argue that the unusual case of classe LSF and École Maternelle Gabriel Sajus…

  4. Gabriel Sánchez Espinosa, ed., Pruebas de imprenta. Estudios sobre la cultura editorial del libro en la España moderna y contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Ulla Lorenzo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Reseña de Gabriel Sánchez Espinosa, ed., Pruebas de imprenta. Estudios sobre la cultura editorial del libro en la España moderna y contemporánea, Iberoamericana / Vervuert, Madrid / Frankfurt am Main, 2013, 284 pp. ISBN: 9788484897637 (Iberoamericana, 9783954873074 (Vervuert.

  5. Gabriel Sánchez Espinosa, ed., Pruebas de imprenta. Estudios sobre la cultura editorial del libro en la España moderna y contemporánea

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandra Ulla Lorenzo

    2014-01-01

    Reseña de Gabriel Sánchez Espinosa, ed., Pruebas de imprenta. Estudios sobre la cultura editorial del libro en la España moderna y contemporánea, Iberoamericana / Vervuert, Madrid / Frankfurt am Main, 2013, 284 pp. ISBN: 9788484897637 (Iberoamericana), 9783954873074 (Vervuert).

  6. Participation level of water users in irrigated water management: A case study of Ban Vern Kham Pumping irrigation project, Xaithani district, Vientiane capital, Lao PDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phonemany Sayyasettha

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to study the participation of water user group in irrigated water management in Ban Vern Kham Pumping Irrigation Project, Xaithani District, Vientiane Capital, Lao PDR, through the analysis of variables and the formulation of participation equation. The study included 105 households for data collection based on the developed questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS program and expressed in the forms of frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The analysis of participation variables and stepwise multiple regression was carried out to obtain the equation used to predict the participation level in irrigated water management. Based on the main findings, the overall participation level was reported to be high, which was equal to 3.62 (the total score of 5.00 with the standard deviation of 0.149. Specifically, the participation in planning irrigation water allocation and operation and maintenance of irrigation system obtained the same highest score of 3.67, whereas the least score was the participation in allocating the benefit from irrigation water (with the score of 3.53. Additionally, the personal factors of water users were found not affecting the participation level. However, the different education level played a role in participation level in irrigation water allocation planning with the statistical significance of 0.05. The other factors such as education level, working ability, and income obtained from water user group, were found to have a moderate relationship with participation level. The analysis revealed that the water user group was relatively well established due to a strong cooperation and collaboration in working together to find equitable ways to manage irrigation water. In conclusion, the participation level in irrigated water management was a function of working ability, income obtained from water user group, and position in water user group.

  7. Arquitectura vernácula de la Sierra de Gredos y el valle del Alto Tormes (Ávila): análisis tipológico, fundamentos constructivos y funcionamiento bioclimático

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Crespo, Ignacio Javier

    2011-01-01

    El presente estudio analiza la arquitectura vernácula del valle del Alto Tormes en la Sierra de Gredos abulense en sus aspectos tipológicos —a escala territorial y a escala arquitectónica—, sus fundamentos constructivos —por los que se estudian los materiales, elementos y sistemas constructivos— y su funcionamiento bioclimático. Este último punto de vista supone una perspectiva inédita en el estudio de esta arquitectura. Se estudia mediante métodos de análisis bioclimático y se describen los ...

  8. Soluciones de diseño ambiental basadas en el análisis de la arquitectura vernácula mexicana y su prospección a futuro: el caso del envolvente

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Urquidez, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    Se sabe que la base para generar conocimiento científico el principio mas básico es la observación, observando aprendemos a reconocer las cosas por mas de lo que son, las sintetizamos y utilizamos a nuestra conveniencia. Esta investigación hace lo mismo, mediante la observación de la arquitectura vernácula, sintetiza los factores que utiliza como solución a las condiciones climáticas extremas del norte de México, enfoca los esfuerzos a resolver la falta de confort térmico en la vivienda de in...

  9. The Verbal Periphrasis ir a + Infinitive in the Narrative Texts by Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Markič

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with ir a + infinitive, one of the most frequent verbal periphrases in Spanish with temporal, aspectual and modal values. It presents the analysis of narrative texts written by the Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez and emphasizes the expression of aspectual values of imminence of the event and the expression of future with the auxiliary verb in present replacing the simple future tense in Colombian Spanish corroborating, thus, the fact that in contemporary American Spanish the expression of futurity is in the process of transfer from a synthetic to an analytic form. However, these aspectual and temporal values are not always alone, frequently they merge with other mainly modal values which confer to this periphrasis additional expressive and stylistic uses.

  10. La religión del amor en la última narrativa de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giobanna Patricia Buenahora Molina

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel García Márquez es un escritor con una profunda vocación religiosa, tal y como ha demostrado en su ya dilatada trayectoria novelística. Sus obras están llenas de mitos bíblicos, personajes legendarios, criaturas procedentes del Antiguo Testamento, vendedores de milagros, santos, predicadores de pelaje variopinto, sermoneros profesionales, ángeles destronados, sábanas santas, mujeres que suben al cielo en estado virginal, resurrecciones, etcétera. Faltaba por tanto uno de los temas más sugerentes con los que podía tropezarse el novelista colombiano: el amor entendido como una posesión demoníaca. Este es precisamente el tema desarrollado en su novela, Del amor y otros demonios.

  11. Archeology, biology, anthropology: human evolution according to Gabriel de Mortillet and John Lubbock (France, England c. 1860-1870).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, Nathalie

    2012-01-01

    This essay compares the first evolutionary syntheses on human prehistory formulated by John Lubbock (1865) in Britain and Gabriel de Mortillet (1869-1883) in France, which both brought the question of human evolution in multidisciplinary light by borrowing tools from archaeology and ethnology rather than from biology. This paper shows that these syntheses displayed similarities as well as differences, and intends to give a comparative assessment of some intellectual and social characteristics of British and French nineteenth-century prehistoric archaeology. Lubbock's and Mortillet's syntheses relied heavily on archaeological collections but these were of different content and status. They stressed progress but they were also organized in accordance to different visions of evolution. Both were articulated from political and religious standpoints, but these standpoints were different in their content and tone.

  12. Individuo, Multitud y Cambio Social. Una aproximación a la Teoría Social de Gabriel Tarde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Tonkonoff

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The reading hypothesis that has guided this paper is that the work of Gabriel Tarde offers a solution to the individualism-holism alternative that still dominates the social sciences, because it tends to conceptualize the social as a third term that exceeds both the individual and society. The concept of the social here is the plural and heterogeneous field of interactions in which individuals, groups and social systems are produced, reproduced, transformed and eventually diluted. Supported by this hypothesis, and reconstructing Tarde’s conceptual syntax on the basis of it, we seek to clarify some fundamental elements of the theory of the individual outlined in various passages of his work. We also attempt to account for his ideas regarding the masses and the public, and we have proposed a re-reading of his concept of the multitude. Finally, we have tried to show some of the ethical-political consequences arising from that hypothesis and that syntax.

  13. Valences temporal tuning fork in novel One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez

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    Victoria BARAGA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Class time is experiencing a particularly wide spread in different spheres of human manifestation: in science and art, religion and everyday life. During World Literature the time becomes subject to interest. Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez in his creation, but especially in the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude, with great talent show time category. In the present investigation, based on the content quality of time and in the figurative image of the movement, we deduced the most representative forms of temporal in garciamarquezian novel. We disclose specifics forms of macondiene time: Time of sacred history, time of eternal return, historical time and Apocalyptic time. Originality of macondian time consists of temporal relationship between these forms, the magic of virtualization game and their updates. And while macondian prodigious time impresses just by strength revealing of the imaginary area.

  14. Rezension zu: Gabriele Winker, Nina Degele: Intersektionalität. Zur Analyse sozialer Ungleichheiten. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heike Kahlert

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Gabriele Winker und Nina Degele legen mit ihrer kompakten Monographie erstmals für den deutschsprachigen Raum eine in Theorie, Methodologie und Empirie stringente eigenständige Abhandlung zur intersektionalen Analyse von sozialen Ungleichheiten vor. Das in jeder Hinsicht übersichtlich gestaltete Buch besticht durch eine begründete Argumentation, insbesondere in Bezug auf die theoretischen Vorentscheidungen, durch eine klare Gliederung und vor allem durch die Schritt für Schritt nachvollziehbare Umsetzung des vorgeschlagenen theoretischen und methodologischen Rahmens in die empirische Sozialforschung. Es ist daher uneingeschränkt empfehlenswert, auch für den Einsatz in der Hochschullehre, und es ist von hohem Anregungspotential für die wissenschaftliche Weiterentwicklung intersektionaler Analysen von sozialen Ungleichheiten.

  15. Gabriel de Aristizábal y su viaje a Constantinopla en el año 1784

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    González Castrillo, Ricardo

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudio del manuscrito 11-1051 de la Real Biblioteca de Madrid que contiene el relato de la embajada de buena voluntad enviada a Constantinopla por el monarca Carlos III en 1784, con el fin de afianzar los incipientes lazos establecidos entre España y Turquía, a raíz del Tratado de Amistad y Comercio suscrito dos años antes. La expedición, portadora de ricos presentes para el soberano otomano, estaba integrada por cuatro navios al mando de Gabriel de Aristizábal, cuya biografía se incorpora, extraída de un documento ajeno al manuscrito. La derrota seguida y las vivencias de los expedicionarios en tierras turcas, constituyen el núcleo del relato.…

  16. A poet with a painter's eye : aspects of devotion and desire in Dante Gabriel Rossetti's double works

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente Henrique Brückmann Saldanha

    2016-01-01

    A presente tese visa analisar um grupo específico de poemas de Dante Gabriel Rossetti (os chamados poemas de imagens), e pinturas e gravuras de sua autoria, a fim de mostrar como a ligação entre desejo físico e devoção espiritual ilustra a expressão de Rossetti como artista, e como ela ajuda a colocá-lo como uma figura de transição no sistema literário britânico. O desejo físico e a devoção espiritual são duas forças antagônicas que ocupam um espaço predominante na literatura e na imaginação ...

  17. 2nd Charles Richet et Jules Héricourt workshop: therapeutic antibodies and anaphylaxis; May 31-June 1, 2011, Tours, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daguet, Arnaud; Watier, Hervé

    2011-01-01

    The Charles Richet and Jules Héricourt workshops honor the memory of Jules Héricourt (1850-1938) and Charles Richet (1850-1935) who described the principle of serotherapy in 1888 and made the very first attempts to fight cancer with serotherapy in 1895. In 1902, Charles Richet and Paul Portier described "anaphylaxis," a discovery awarded the Nobel Prize in 1913. The first workshop, "Towards the clinical use of mAbs with higher cytolytic efficacy in cancer" was held in Tours, France on November 20-21, 2008. The second Charles Richet and Jules Héricourt workshop, held May 31-June 1, 2011 at the University of Tours, France, was also organized by the Cancéropôle Grand Ouest. The topic of the workshop was therapeutic antibodies and anaphylaxis, a subject rarely addressed in congresses focused on monoclonal antibodies. To have discussions about mAb side effects with complete objectivity, the congress was organized independently of any sponsorship from pharmaceutical companies. This academic event was motivated by the high incidence of shocks to cetuximab and the need to compile and evaluate scattered information. This growing public health concern was thus analyzed from different scientific and medical angles. The first session was devoted to acute infusion reactions, with an emphasis on deconvolution of the terms "cytokine-release syndrome," "cytokine storms," "anaphylaxis" and their epidemiology. This session concluded with the Charles Richet lecture on cetuximab anaphylaxis and anti-αGal IgE by Thomas Platts-Mills, its discoverer. In the next session, the involvement of anti-glycan antibodies in both anaphylaxis and delayed hypersensitivity reactions to therapeutic antibodies was discussed. A gala dinner was held in the gardens of the beautiful château of Villandry, which was acquired and restored by Joachim Carvalho, a pupil of Charles Richet's and great-grandfather of the present owner. The final session focused on strategies to prevent cetuximab anaphylaxis

  18. Study of the uniform corrosion of an aluminium alloy used for the fuel cladding of the Jules Horowitz experimental reactor; Etude de la corrosion uniforme d'un alliage d'aluminium utilise comme gainage du combustible nucleaire du reacteur experimental Jules Horowitz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wintergerst, M. [CEA Saclay, Dept. des Materiaux pour le Nucleaire (DEN/DANS/DMN/SEMI), 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2008-07-01

    For the Jules Horowitz new material testing reactor, an aluminium base alloy, AlFeNi, will be used for the cladding of the fuel plates. Taking into account the thermal properties of the alloy and of its oxide, the corrosion of the fuel cans presents many problems. The aim of this thesis is to provide a growing kinetic of the oxide layer at the surface of the AlFeNi fuel can in order to predict the life time of fuel element. Thus the mechanism of degradation of the cladding will be describe in order to integrate the different parameters of the operating reactor. (A.L.B.)

  19. Rapid Oceanographic Data Gathering: Some Problems in Using Remote Sensing to Determine the Horizontal and Vertical Thermal Distributions in the Northeast Pacific Ocean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH In 1870 and 1879 respectively, the authors Edward Everett Hale and Jules Verne wrote about placing an artificial satellite in orbit...Hale using a huge waterpowered flywheel and Verne a gun of sufficient muzzle velocity (Corliss, 1967). Hale envisioned the satellite as an aid to

  20. Insetos em presépios e as "formigas vestidas" de Jules Martin (1832-1906: uma curiosa manufatura paulistana do final do século XIX

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    Dante Martins Teixeira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Present in Brazil since the beginning of Portuguese colonization, crèche nativity scenes were soon adapted to local reality, a propitious circumstance for the appearance of heterodox conceptions and the use of exotic elements of the fauna and flora peculiar to each region. As records about insects are very uncommon, it is noteworthy that females of leaf-cutting ants, Atta sp. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, were used to compose crèche nativity scenes in São Paulo State. Having subsisted at least up to the decade of 1960, the "ant crèches" of cities such as Embu das Artes could be related to the then famous "dressed ants" created by Jules Martin, a curious manufacture of the city of São Paulo in the last quarter of the 19th century.

  1. Les Deux Méthodes. Conférence par Jean Jaurès et Jules Guesde à l’Hippodrome Lillois

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Transcription à partir de l’édition : Les Deux Méthodes. Conférence par Jean Jaurès et Jules Guesde à l’Hippodrome Lillois, Lille, Imprimerie Ouvrière P. Lagrange, 1900 (sur Gallica, reproduction de l’exemplaire coté Lb57 12889). Les numéros de pages de l’édition transcrite sont renseignés entre crochets au fil du texte ; c’est à cette pagination que se réfèrent les renvois effectués dans l’analyse du document. Nous avons remplacé « Fourrier » par « Fourier » et « Carrette » par « Carette » ;...

  2. Networking the Global Maritime Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    OEF TASKING FS AIGLE (MHC) FS DAGUE (LCT) FS D’ENTRECASTEAUX (AGS) FS FLOREAL (FFG) FS ISARD (AG) FS JULES VERNE (AD) FS LA LAVALLEE (FFG) FS LOIRE...from Galdorisi notes transcription). 25 Rodger, presentation to King-Hall. 26 Former CNO, Admiral Vern Clark described FORCEnet as an...weapons into a networked, distributed combat force.” Admiral Vern Clark, “Sea Power 21: Projecting Decisive Joint Capabilities,” United States

  3. Contribution to the determination of the neutronic parameters uncertainties of a compact heterogeneous core: the material testing Jules Horowitz reactor; Contribution a l'etude des incertitudes des parametres neutroniques d'un coeur compact et heterogene: le reacteur d'irradiation Jules Horowitz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Salvo, J

    2002-07-01

    The design studies of the future Material Testing Reactor Jules Horowitz require the development of an adapted neutronic calculation route. To guarantee good accuracy and save time cost, some approximations with deterministic modelling (APOLLO2 / CRONOS2) are needed. As no relevant integral experiments are yet available to ensure the accuracy of the calculation, the results need to be validated by a rigorous methodical approach, which is based on comparison against numerical benchmarks (Monte Carlo TRIPOLI4 code). In order to complete the validation results, sensitivity coefficients of main neutronic parameters to nuclear data are very useful to get an estimate of the final uncertainty on the calculation. Unfortunately, most of covariance information is missing in the recent evaluated files such as JEF-2.2. To generate missing covariance matrices, a method based on the comparison of different independent evaluations is used in this study. Special attention is paid to the determination of sensitivity coefficients, using perturbation methods and direct calculations. This study points out the importance of the non-diagonal elements of the covariance matrices as well as the neutron capture cross section uncertainty of the 27Al in the thermal range. In complement to uncertainty studies, it will be still necessary to obtain integral experimental validation of the Jules Horowitz Reactor neutronic parameters calculations. (author)

  4. Incidência da tuberculose em indígenas do município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, AM Incidence of tuberculosis among indigenous people in the municipality of São Gabriel Cachoeira, AM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amantino Camilo Machado Filho

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de 1999, no município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, foi implementado pelo Ministério da Saúde o Programa de Controle de Tuberculose. Com o objetivo de verificar se a estratégia promoveu mudanças na incidência da tuberculose entre indígenas daquela região, foram estudados, retrospectivamente, os registros médicos de 768 pacientes, divididos em dois grupos. Constituíram o Grupo I os casos tratados entre 1994 e 1998 e o Grupo II os pacientes tratados entre 1999 e 2003. A taxa anual média de incidência foi de 239 e 284 casos de todas as formas de tuberculose por 100.000 habitantes, houve predomínio da forma pulmonar, com 88,2% e 85,9% dos casos e índices de cura elevados, representando 97,2% e 91,5%, respectivamente nos Grupos I e II. Não houve impacto na redução da taxa de incidência da doença, na comparação entre os dois períodos citados, evidenciando que persiste alto risco de aquisição de tuberculose entre indígenas daquela região.Starting in 1999, the Ministry of Health implemented its Tuberculosis Control Program in the municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira, State of Amazonas. With the aim of investigating whether this strategy had promoted changes in tuberculosis incidence among indigenous people in that area, the medical records of 768 patients were studied retrospectively, divided in two groups. Group I consisted of cases treated between 1994 and 1998 and Group II consisted of cases treated between 1999 and 2003. The mean annual incidence rates were, respectively, 239 and 284 cases of all tuberculosis forms per 100,000 inhabitants. The pulmonary form predominated, accounting for 88.2% and 85.9% of the cases, and the cure rate was high (97.2% and 91.5%, respectively in Groups I and II. There was no impact with regard to reducing the incidence rate of this disease, thus showing that a high risk of contracting tuberculosis persists among indigenous people in that area.

  5. The Role of History in Teaching Science--A Case Study: The Popularization of Science in Nineteenth-Century France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrick, Robert M.

    1992-01-01

    Examines one of the key methods used to stimulate bourgeois interest in science in France during the Second Empire and early Third Republic; the campaign to create a popularized science. Concentrates on the "science writings" of Jules Michelet and Jules Verne, both of whom were immensely successful in creating a favorable climate of…

  6. Arte e interpretação da realidade em Gabriel García Márquez e Fernando Botero

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Paula Maggioni

    2007-01-01

    Partindo da noção de interdisciplinaridade, este trabalho, realizado na área da literatura comparada, centra-se na relação entre o escritor Gabriel García Márquez e o pintor Fernando Botero, com ênfase na interpretação da realidade colombiana presente nas obras desses artistas. Os quadros de Botero – O Capitão, Retrato Oficial da Junta Militar, O Jogador de Cartas, A Casa de Amanda Ramírez, A Rua e Cena Familiar – são analisados em comparação à obra Cem anos de solidão, de Gabriel García Márq...

  7. The Gabriel monad and the localization of R-module category%Gabriel单子与模范畴的局部化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 王正萍; 许庆兵

    2014-01-01

    A Gabriel monad is defined as the idempotent monad to characterize the quotient category and localization of R-module category, and prove that the Gabriel monad induces an equivalence between its image and coimage, its image is the localization category which is equivalent to a Kleisli category;its coimage is the quotient category which is equiv-alent to a Eilengerg-Moore category.%通过定义Gabriel单子来刻画模范畴的商范畴与局部化范畴,证明了Gabriel单子诱导的像和余像是等价的;其像为模范畴的局部化范畴,该局部化范畴等价于Gabriel单子确定的Kleisli范畴;其余像为模范畴的商范畴,该商范畴等价于Eilengerg-Moore范畴。

  8. Projeto Amazonas: atenção em saúde bucal nas comunidades ribeirinhas de São Gabriel da Cachoeira – AM

    OpenAIRE

    Men Martins, Christine; Barreto Soares, Gabriella [UNESP; Ferro Alves, Márcio [UNESP; Santos Bonfietti, Luiz Henrique [UNESP; João Eduardo GOMES FILHO; Ísper Garbin, Artênio José [UNESP

    2015-01-01

    The Amazon Project is a civic and social action, nonprofit and performed by voluntary action of professionals. Humanitarian missions are conducted in this project in medical, dental, preventive and social context by the indigenous peoples of the Amazon region. Thus, the aim of this work is to report the dentists’ participation experience in this project and the indigenous oral health condition which is opposed to a hypnotic setting of natural beauty. Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira, situated in the ...

  9. Gabriel Morón, un socialista crítico ante la colaboración con la dictadura de Primo de Rivera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Quirosa-Cheyrouze y Muñoz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia las posiciones críticas mantenidas por Gabriel Morón en el seno del PSOE en los últimos años de la Dictadura de Primo de Rivera. Así, tras presentar al líder obrero cordobés, se analiza su participación en el XII Congreso, celebrado en el verano de 1928, y, sobre todo, el contenido de su libro El Partido Socialista ante la realidad política de España, publicado un año después. Como se puede comprobar en estas actividades, Morón fue uno de los dirigentes que más se destacó por su oposición a la línea de colaboración que la dirección del partido mantenía respecto al régimen dictatorial.Palabras Clave: socialismo español, Dictadura de Primo de Rivera, Gabriel Morón, historia política________________________________Abstract: This article studies the critical positions supported by Gabriel Morón in the PSOE in the last years of the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. This way, after presenting the cordovan working leader, we analyze his participation in the Congress XII celebrated in the summer of 1928, and, especially, the content of his book The Socialist Party before the political reality of Spain, published one year later. As we can verify in these activities, Moron was one of the most outstanding leaders for his opposition to the line of collaboration that the direction of the party had with the dictatorial regime.Keywords: Spanish socialism, Dictatorship of Primo of Rivera, Gabriel Morón, political history

  10. Gabriel Morón, un socialista crítico ante la colaboración con la dictadura de Primo de Rivera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Quirosa-Cheyrouze y Muñoz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia las posiciones críticas mantenidas por Gabriel Morón en el seno del PSOE en los últimos años de la Dictadura de Primo de Rivera. Así, tras presentar al líder obrero cordobés, se analiza su participación en el XII Congreso, celebrado en el verano de 1928, y, sobre todo, el contenido de su libro El Partido Socialista ante la realidad política de España, publicado un año después. Como se puede comprobar en estas actividades, Morón fue uno de los dirigentes que más se destacó por su oposición a la línea de colaboración que la dirección del partido mantenía respecto al régimen dictatorial.Palabras Clave: socialismo español, Dictadura de Primo de Rivera, Gabriel Morón, historia política________________________________Abstract: This article studies the critical positions supported by Gabriel Morón in the PSOE in the last years of the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. This way, after presenting the cordovan working leader, we analyze his participation in the Congress XII celebrated in the summer of 1928, and, especially, the content of his book The Socialist Party before the political reality of Spain, published one year later. As we can verify in these activities, Moron was one of the most outstanding leaders for his opposition to the line of collaboration that the direction of the party had with the dictatorial regime.Keywords: Spanish socialism, Dictatorship of Primo of Rivera, Gabriel Morón, political history

  11. Fronteiras étnicas nos repertórios musicais das 'festas de santo' em São Gabriel da Cachoeira (alto Rio Negro, AM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Líliam Cristina da Silva Barros

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo demonstrar os mecanismos através dos quais índios em situação de contato, na zona urbana de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, manifestam sua pertença étnica. Em meio ao contexto das festas de santo, repertórios musicais evidenciam as fronteiras étnicas valendo-se da língua como principal sinal diacrítico de identidade.

  12. Military Use of the International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    projectile ( Jules Verne , 1865, and others); or, when all else failed, anti-gravity machines, paint, or water. W. von Braun and F. Ordway, History of Rocketry...centuries. From Lucian’s second century account of a sailing ship being swept by winds to the moon I to Jules Verne’s De la Terre a La Lune (From the Earth...Travel, at 9 (rev. ed. 1969). 2J. Verne , From the Earth to the Moon (1970 ed.). 3Hall, The Brick Moon, Atl. Monthly, Oct. 1869, at 451; Nov. 1869, at

  13. Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Pre-Raphaelites Beginnings: “Mary’s Girlhood” e The Girlhood of Mary Virgin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Moriconi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Right from the beginnings of Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s career, his most striking quality lies in his deep commitment to a continual interrelation between the arts of poetry and of painting. This essay aims at revealing the strategies applied to the intersemiotic process taking place between Rossetti’s first Pre-raphaelite canvas, The Girlhood of Mary Virgin, and the two sonnets written to ‘illustrate’ it. To better examine the shift between different media and Rossetti’s own appraisal of such a translating process, reference has been made to some of the great names of the contemporary debate about intersemiotic translation, such as Greimas, Eco and Jakobson. By applying such modern tools of intersemiotic analysis to the artist’s first double work of art it will eventually be clear how Rossetti’s Pre-raphaelite phase is anything but an immature debut in the Victorian artistic scene. Many of the features of his early career are in fact to be found as faithfully maintained in the more complex development of his maturer art. This essay will show how The Girlhood of Mary Virgin and “Mary’s Girlhood” are to be considered as a true manifesto of Rossetti’s entire career and of his appraisal of the relation between the sister arts.

  14. Perspectivas temporales y aspectuales en las obras narrativas de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Markič

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available En este ártfculo se presenta el uso de algunos recursos lingüísticos que sirven para señalar valores temporales y aspectuales en español con fines narrativos y estilísticos en dos obras de Gabriel García Márquez: en su primera novela La Hojarasca y en su novela más conocida Cien años de  soledad. Marco lingüístico - teórico: Las perspectivas temporales y aspectuales en español se indican con varios recursos lingüísticos. Los más conocidos son los tradicionalmente llamados tiempos verbales que, debido a la confusión a la que se presta el término tiempo, es mejor denominar paradigmas verbales. El término es más adecuado ya que estas formas verbales (paradigmas no sirven únicamente para expresar el tiempo sino también otras perspectivas (aspectuales, modales, estilísticas, pragmáticas, etc. Además de los mencionados paradigmas verbales hay una serie de construcciones verbales denominadas perífrasis verbales que sirven también para indicar valores temporales y aspectuales.

  15. Microorganisms Associated With Pneumonia in Children Emerging Countries: The GABRIEL Pneumonia Multicenter, Prospective, Case-Control Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bénet, Thomas; Sánchez Picot, Valentina; Messaoudi, Mélina; Chou, Monidarin; Eap, Tekchheng; Wang, Jianwei; Shen, Kunling; Pape, Jean-William; Rouzier, Vanessa; Awasthi, Shally; Pandey, Nitin; Bavdekar, Ashish; Sanghavi, Sonali; Robinson, Annick; Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Mala; Sylla, Maryam; Diallo, Souleymane; Nymadawa, Pagbajabyn; Naranbat, Nymadawaagiin; Russomando, Graciela; Basualdo, Wilma; Komurian-Pradel, Florence; Endtz, Hubert; Vanhems, Philippe; Paranhos-Baccalà, Gláucia

    2017-06-12

    Pneumonia, the leading infectious cause of child mortality globally, mainly afflicts developing countries. This prospective observational study aimed to assess the microorganisms associated with pneumonia in children aged emerging countries. A multicenter, case-control study by the GABRIEL (Global Approach to Biological Research, Infectious diseases and Epidemics in Low-income countries) network was conducted between 2010 and 2014 in Cambodia, China, Haiti, India (2 sites), Madagascar, Mali, Mongolia, and Paraguay. Cases were hospitalized children with radiologically confirmed pneumonia; controls were children from the same setting without any features suggestive of pneumonia. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from all subjects; 19 viruses and 5 bacteria were identified by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Associations between microorganisms and pneumonia were quantified by calculating the adjusted population attributable fraction (aPAF) after multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, time period, other pathogens, and site. Overall, 888 cases and 870 controls were analyzed; ≥1 microorganism was detected in respiratory samples in 93.0% of cases and 74.4% of controls (P emerging countries. Increasing S. pneumoniae vaccination coverage may substantially reduce the burden of pneumonia among children in developing countries.

  16. Dominação e indiferença na teoria crítica de Gabriel Cohn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Maurício Domingues

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, on reconstitue la trajectoire théorique de Gabriel Cohn, dont l'oeuvre peut être partagée grosso modo en deux phases. Dans la première, sous l'influence d'Adorno et de Weber en particulier, la modernité est vue sous l'angle de la domination et d'une tendance à la construction de systèmes inclusifs par l'oppression. Dans la seconde, une fois conservés ces fondements, la notion de "pluralisme" et d'indifférence, à partir d'une lecture critique de l'oeuvre de Luhmann surtout, est envisagée comme formant un nouveau modèle de civilisation. Cohn devient ainsi une référence fondamentale du point de vue théorique dans la compréhension de la modernité à ses débuts et dans sa phase actuelle.

  17. Les stratégies d’insertion de l’éthique dans Le Cachet d’Onyx de Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice De Georges-Métral

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Barbey d’Aurevilly, qui se place sous la tutelle de Joseph de Maistre, déploie paradoxalement dans sa production romanesque toutes les nuances du thème sulfureux du plaisir de la transgression. Pontmartin stigmatise ce décalage entre la morale et le récit en reprochant à Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly de penser comme Joseph de Maistre et d’écrire comme le Marquis de Sade. Le Cachet d’Onyx, première nouvelle de Jules Barbey d’Aurevilly, écrite en 1831, est effectivement représentative de l’inscription ambivalente de la morale dans la fiction. Cette nouvelle établit des stratégies d’écriture retorses par le truchement de l’emboîtement des récits. Elle définit tout d’abord, dans le récit-cadre, une axiologie proche de ce que son auteur identifie comme une doxa, pour en révéler l’absence de fondement. La métadiégèse présente un système de valeurs inverse. Cette dissonance semble avoir pour fonction de remplacer un système évaluatif par un autre qui lui est concurrent. Or, la polyphonie des indications de lecture fournies par le narrateur, l’intertexte et le texte s’entrechoquent sans livrer de solution satisfaisante. Implicitement, c’est l’éviction de toute axiologie stable que vise la stratégie narrative du Cachet d’onyx. In his novelistic writings, Barbey d'Aurevilly, who sets himself in Joseph de Maistre's ideology, paradoxically spreads out all the nuances of the sulphurous topic of the pleasure of transgression. Pontmartin denounces this discrepancy between morality and the narrative while reproaching Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly for thinking like Joseph de Maistre and writing like the Marquis de Sade. Le cachet d'Onyx, Barbey d'Aurevilly's first short story, written in 1831, is indeed representative of the ambivalent writing of morality in fiction. This short story establishes strategies of sly style by the means of interlocking narratives. First of all, in the framework story, it defines an

  18. Tuberculose na população indígena de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brasil Tuberculosis among the indian population in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Levino

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo descreve a situação da tuberculose no Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Estado do Amazonas, Brasil, no período de 1997 a 2002. Este município de população predominantemente indígena constitui uma importante noso-área da Amazônia para o problema da tuberculose, cuja magnitude se expressa por intermédio do coeficiente 2,4 vezes mais elevado que a média estadual e até quatro vezes mais que a média nacional. Análises estatísticas utilizadas para avaliar a tendência em relação à associação com a idade, o sexo e a forma clínica revelaram diferenças no comportamento da endemia, quando comparados os coeficientes de incidência entre os casos de procedência urbana e rural. As taxas padronizadas mostraram a população masculina com uma incidência mais elevada que a feminina nas duas áreas de residência. A faixa etária mais atingida foi acima de 50 anos, porém a proporção de menores de 15 anos se mostrou acima dos valores esperados na população geral do país, além de apresentar diferentes níveis de gravidade nas subáreas rurais estudadas. Os achados indicam que esta situação pode ser explicada pelas desigualdades, sobretudo, relativas à acessibilidade aos serviços de saúde que, contraditoriamente, parecem menos resolutivos na área urbana.This study describes the tuberculosis situation in São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas State, Brazil, from 1997 to 2002. The county, which has a predominantly Indian population, is a relevant tuberculosis area in Amazonas, since the infection rate is 2.4 to 4 times that of the overall State and national rates. The statistical analyses used to assess its association with age, gender, and clinical form showed differences in the endemic behavior, comparing the urban and rural incidence rates. Males had higher standardized incidence rates than females in both the urban and rural areas. The most heavily affected age group was greater than 50 years, but the rate among

  19. Inquiry in the public interest, held at Cadarache into the construction of the reactor 'Jules Horowitz' and the problems related to the public dialogue; L'enquete d'utilite publique sur la creation du 'reacteur Jules Horowitz' a Cadarache et la participation locale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bottiglioni, F

    2007-07-15

    In this paper are presented the main points of the inquiry taken by an official board into the demand of the Cea to create a new research tool, the 'Jules Horowitz Reactor', in its research center of Cadarache. The increasing involvement of the people in the decision-making procedures dealing with important projects is summed up, so as the distinctive features of the different regulations that frame the public participation are stressed. Some improvements are suggested to carry through next inquiries faster and more easily. The participation of the public has been low: only 11 people or associations have left their remarks to the inquiry members despite the large audience that attended the different meetings and debates organized on the issue by the CNDP (national board for public debate)

  20. Evaluation of a photosynthesis-based biogenic isoprene emission scheme in JULES and simulation of isoprene emissions under present-day climate conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Pacifico

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available We have incorporated a semi-mechanistic isoprene emission module into the JULES land-surface scheme, as a first step towards a modelling tool that can be applied for studies of vegetation – atmospheric chemistry interactions, including chemistry-climate feedbacks. Here, we evaluate the coupled model against local above-canopy isoprene emission flux measurements from six flux tower sites as well as satellite-derived estimates of isoprene emission over tropical South America and east and south Asia. The model simulates diurnal variability well: correlation coefficients are significant (at the 95 % level for all flux tower sites. The model reproduces day-to-day variability with significant correlations (at the 95 % confidence level at four of the six flux tower sites. At the UMBS site, a complete set of seasonal observations is available for two years (2000 and 2002. The model reproduces the seasonal pattern of emission during 2002, but does less well in the year 2000. The model overestimates observed emissions at all sites, which is partially because it does not include isoprene loss through the canopy. Comparison with the satellite-derived isoprene-emission estimates suggests that the model simulates the main spatial patterns, seasonal and inter-annual variability over tropical regions. The model yields a global annual isoprene emission of 535 ± 9 TgC yr−1 during the 1990s, 78 % of which from forested areas.

  1. Evaluation of a photosynthesis-based biogenic isoprene emission scheme in JULES and simulation of isoprene emissions under modern climate conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Pacifico

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available We have incorporated a semi-mechanistic isoprene emission module into the JULES land-surface scheme. We evaluate the coupled model against local above-canopy isoprene emission flux measurements from six flux tower sites as well as satellite-derived estimates of isoprene emission over tropical South America and east and south Asia. The model simulates diurnal variability well: correlation coefficients are significant (at the 95% level for all flux tower sites. The model reproduces day-to-day variability with significant correlations (at the 95% confidence level at four of the six flux tower sites. At the UMBS site, a complete set of seasonal observations is available for two years (2000 and 2002. The model reproduces the seasonal pattern of emission during 2002, but does less well in the year 2000. Comparison with the satellite-derived isoprene-emission estimates suggests that the model simulates the main spatial patterns, seasonal and inter-annual variability over tropical regions. The model yields a global annual isoprene emission during the 1990s of 380 ± 7 TgC yr−1.

  2. Conversations avec Jules Hoüel regards sur la géométrie non euclidienne et l’analyse infinitésimale vers 1875

    CERN Document Server

    Nabonnand, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    Jules Hoüel (1823-1886) a occupé une place particulière dans les mathématiques en France durant la seconde partie du 19ème siècle. Par ses travaux de traduction et ses recensions, il a vivement contribué à la réception de la géométrie non euclidienne de Bolyai et Lobatchevski ainsi qu’aux débats sur les fondements de l’analyse. Il se situe au centre d’un vaste réseau international de correspondances en lien avec son rôle de rédacteur pour le Bulletin des sciences mathématiques et astronomiques. Cet ouvrage contient les correspondances actives et passives de Hoüel avec Joseph-Marie De Tilly, Gaston Darboux et Victor-Amédée Le Besgue ainsi qu’une introduction qui se focalise sur la découverte de l’impossibilité de démontrer le postulat des parallèles d’Euclide et l’apparition des premiers exemples de fonctions continues non dérivables.

  3. Homosexuality as (AntiIllness: Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray and Gabriele D'Annunzio's Il Piacere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward S. Brinkley

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available This article treats Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray as culturally antagonistic but also as culturally conservative: Dorian's liminal position as a male who knows —who has experienced sexual contact with other males—is linked in the text both to a position of cultural/epistemological superiority (the "Greek" sexual act constructed as index of canonical mastery, back to Greek texts and artwork and to a position of disease and dis-figurement. The latter association, read by other commentators particularly in the final pages as punishment for narcissism, hedonism, or homosexual activity, is here glossed as an accusation against Victorian injunctions against same sex sexual activity constitutive of homosexual identity: the marks of disease accrue in the sphere of cultural representation, which then mark and mar the individual body. Dorian Gray as a text then launches a kind of "homosexual panic" on the part of subsequent writers in "decadent modernism," notably Gabriele D'Annunzio, whose Il Piacere attempts to re-valorize the ephebe as the bearer of canon—and must now do so as an avowedly heterosexual male, but in the context of the danger of the dandy: the Wilde figure as "Humphrey Heathfield" must be introduced in order to have been experienced, even if only in disgust. D'Annunzio's turn toward fascist politics is not accidental in this respect: the literary phenomenon of "fascist modernism" appears to hew very closely to the fear of the cultural ascendancy of the dandy, often read in such texts as a subcultural homosexual male, who must be both experienced and extinguished.

  4. Status of groundwater quality in the San Fernando--San Gabriel study unit, 2005--California GAMA Priority Basin Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, Michael; Kulongoski, Justin T.; Belitz, Kenneth

    2012-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the approximately 460-square-mile San Fernando--San Gabriel (FG) study unit was investigated as part of the Priority Basin Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The study area is in Los Angeles County and includes Tertiary-Quaternary sedimentary basins situated within the Transverse Ranges of southern California. The GAMA Priority Basin Project is being conducted by the California State Water Resources Control Board in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The GAMA FG study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of the quality of untreated (raw) groundwater in the primary aquifer systems (hereinafter referred to as primary aquifers) throughout California. The assessment is based on water-quality and ancillary data collected in 2005 by the USGS from 35 wells and on water-quality data from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) database. The primary aquifers were defined by the depth interval of the wells listed in the CDPH database for the FG study unit. The quality of groundwater in primary aquifers may be different from that in the shallower or deeper water-bearing zones; shallow groundwater may be more vulnerable to surficial contamination. This study assesses the status of the current quality of the groundwater resource by using data from samples analyzed for volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides, and naturally occurring inorganic constituents, such as major ions and trace elements. This status assessment is intended to characterize the quality of groundwater resources in the primary aquifers of the FG study unit, not the treated drinking water delivered to consumers by water purveyors.

  5. Doce cuentos peregrinos o el espacio de la pérdida: Gabriel García Márquez en el laberinto europeo

    OpenAIRE

    Cano Pérez, Mercedes

    2012-01-01

    En Doce cuentos peregrinos (1992) Gabriel García Márquez atraca en territorio europeo para dejar allí en calidad de náufragos a sus protagonistas, latinoamericanos que vagan por un continente lejano en todos los sentidos. El presente artículo pretende analizar los mecanismos constructivos de la espacialidad europea y americana (la primera como vivida, la segunda como rememoración nostálgica) en estos doce relatos. Al salir del ámbito cerrado y perfecto de Macondo, el escritor colombiano acced...

  6. De Mallorca a Nápoles, Lleida y Roma: los viajes del canónigo Gabriel Cerdà (1450-1491.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Cassanyes Roig

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Among the different groups of medieval travellers, ecclesiastics were one of the most active. Fifteenth-century Majorcan canons, too, crossed the seas to reach their destinations. This paper considers the voyages of one of them, Gabriel Cerdà, who went to the most important centres of power of the Crown of Aragon (Naples and Catalonia and of the Church (Rome, although he also frequented Lleida in order to study and to hold another canonry in its cathedral. His case is a paradigm of Majorcan canons’ performance related to their geographical mobility.

  7. Causas e formas de corrosão na unidade de recuperação de enxofre da Refinaria Gabriel Passos (REGAP/PETROBRAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Eliana Moreira Guimaraes

    2006-01-01

    Este trabalho visa contribuir para a determinação das formas e identificação das causas de corrosão do aço carbono, material construtivo empregado em grande parte dos equipamentos da Unidade de Recuperação de Enxofre (URE) da Refinaria Gabriel Passos (REGAP/PETROBRAS). Os derivados resultantes do refino do petróleo passam por processos de tratamento para atender às especificações relacionadas à corrosividade, teor de enxofre, acidez, odor, formação de compostos poluentes, alteração de cor,...

  8. Cien años de soledad, de Gabriel García Márquez. La solitude ontologique d'un monde sans transcendance.

    OpenAIRE

    Gladieu, Marie-Madeleine

    2010-01-01

    Gabriel García Márquez dans son roman Cent ans de solitude présente toute une lignée de personnages qui déambulent au fil de l'histoire pouvant laisser croire dans une premier temps en une apparente chaîne de solidarité qui se délite sous le poids de la mémoire et des événements historiques et ne laissant aucune transcendance qui pourrait apporter une consolation à la solitude absolue de Macondo.

  9. Nuevos documentos sobre Gabriel José de Ovalle y algunas consideraciones acerca de la apreciación de la pintura novohispana

    OpenAIRE

    Clara Bargellini

    2001-01-01

    El hallazgo de un grupo de documentos acerca del pintor novohispano Gabriel José de Ovalle, activo en Zacatecas y Durango hacia mediados del siglo xviii, proporciona información nueva sobre el artista y el desarrollo de su carrera, pero también sugiere consideraciones acerca de la valoración de la pintura en la historiografía y en la propia época virreinal. Ya que los documentos informan que Ovalle había llegado a Zacatecas desde la ciudad de México, se revisan los juicios hasta ahora vertido...

  10. Robert Castel, Gabriel Kessler, Denis Merklen, Numa Murard (2013: Individuación, Precariedad, Inseguridad: ¿desinstitucionalización del Presente? Buenos Aires, Paidós

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano E. Korstanje

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Un libro editado en cinco secciones, cada una de ellas escritas por reconocidos sociólogos quienes se convocaron el 01 de Marzo de 2011 en una conferencia organizada por la Casa Argentina en París. Robert Castel, Denis Merklen, Numa Murard y Gabriel Kessler focalizan en el tema de la vulnerabilidad ciudadana del presente, las relaciones productivas en la modernidad y el rol del riesgo en la vida social de las personas entre los temas más importantes.

  11. Cien años de soledad, de Gabriel García Márquez. La solitude ontologique d'un monde sans transcendance.

    OpenAIRE

    Gladieu, Marie-Madeleine

    2010-01-01

    Gabriel García Márquez dans son roman Cent ans de solitude présente toute une lignée de personnages qui déambulent au fil de l'histoire pouvant laisser croire dans une premier temps en une apparente chaîne de solidarité qui se délite sous le poids de la mémoire et des événements historiques et ne laissant aucune transcendance qui pourrait apporter une consolation à la solitude absolue de Macondo.

  12. Gabriel del Barco: la influencia de un pintor español en la azulejería portuguesa (1669-1701

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salema de Carvalho, Maria do Rosário

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Gabriel del Barco was one of the most important tile painters working in Portugal during the transition from the 17th to the 18th centuries. This period is considered to be one of preparation preceding the great, emblematic era of Portuguese tile production during the 18th century. Spanish born, Gabriel del Barco arrived in Lisbon when he was about twenty, and established himself there first as a painter of ceilings and later, as a tile painter. Articles on aspects of his life and work (relatively well-known, have been published, but they have provided only a fragmentary vision of this artist. Thus, this study unites numerous dispersed materials with the addition of heretofore-unknown documents concerning the painter. The author also offers a re-evaluation of the tiles painted by Barco by analyzing his signed tile panels, assisted by the use of new technologies.

    Gabriel del Barco fue uno de los pintores de azulejos más significativos de cuantos trabajaron en Portugal a caballo de los siglos XVII y XVIII, momento en el que se estaba gestando una producción azulejera histórica para la caracterización de un arte que, con razón, ha sido identificado como uno de los más emblemáticos del patrimonio artístico portugués. Español de nacimiento, Gabriel del Barco llegó a Lisboa con casi veinte años. Se estableció en la ciudad, primero como pintor de techos y, más tarde, de azulejos. Su vida y obra, relativamente bien conocidas, han sido objeto de interés por parte de la historiografía portuguesa, que le ha dedicado algunos estudios, unos más enjundiosos que otros, pero, al cabo, todos ellos fragmentarios. El presente artículo pretende reunir las numerosas informaciones dispersas existentes sobre el pintor junto con datos desconocidos hasta nuestros días. Además de dar noticia de esa nueva documentación que ahora ve la luz, se procederá a hacer una reapreciación de la producción de Barco a

  13. Improved simulation of isoprene oxidation chemistry with the ECHAM5/MESSy chemistry-climate model: lessons from the GABRIEL airborne field campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. M. Butler

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The GABRIEL airborne field measurement campaign, conducted over the Guyanas in October 2005, produced measurements of hydroxyl radical (OH concentration which are significantly higher than can be simulated using current generation models of atmospheric chemistry. Based on the hypothesis that this "missing OH" is due to an as-yet undiscovered mechanism for recycling OH during the oxidation chain of isoprene, we determine that an OH recycling of about 40–50% (compared with 5–10% in current generation isoprene oxidation mechanisms is necessary in order for our modelled OH to approach the lower error bounds of the OH observed during GABRIEL. Such a large amount of OH in our model leads to unrealistically low mixing ratios of isoprene. In order for our modelled isoprene mixing ratios to match those observed during the campaign, we also require that the effective rate constant for the reaction of isoprene with OH be reduced by about 50% compared with the lower bound of the range recommended by IUPAC. We show that a reasonable explanation for this lower effective rate constant could be the segregation of isoprene and OH in the mixed layer. Our modelling results are consistent with a global, annual isoprene source of about 500 Tg(C yr−1, allowing experimentally derived and established isoprene flux rates to be reconciled with global models.

  14. Improved simulation of isoprene oxidation chemistry with the ECHAM5/MESSy chemistry-climate model: lessons from the GABRIEL airborne field campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. M. Butler

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The GABRIEL airborne field measurement campaign, conducted over the Guyanas in October 2005, produced measurements of hydroxyl radical (OH concentration which are significantly higher than can be simulated using current generation models of atmospheric chemistry. Based on the hypothesis that this "missing OH" is due to an as-yet undiscovered mechanism for recycling OH during the oxidation chain of isoprene, we determine that an OH recycling of about 40–50% (compared with 5–10% in current generation isoprene oxidation mechanisms is necessary in order for our modelled OH to approach the lower error bounds of the OH observed during GABRIEL. Such a large amount of OH in our model leads to unrealistically low mixing ratios of isoprene. In order for our modelled isoprene mixing ratios to match those observed during the campaign, we also require that the effective rate constant for the reaction of isoprene with OH be reduced by about 50% compared with the lower bound of the range recommended by IUPAC. We show that a reasonable explanation for this lower effective rate constant could be the segregation of isoprene and OH in the mixed layer. Our modelling results are consistent with a global, annual isoprene source of about 500 Tg(C yr−1, allowing experimentally derived and established isoprene flux rates to be reconciled with global models.

  15. Effect of Imprisonment on Prisoners in the Light of Gabriel Tarde's Three Laws (Case Study: Prison of Qom, Arak and Karaj Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Nikbakht

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted with the aim to investigate the effect of imprisonment on the prisoners in the light of Gabriel Tarde's Three Laws in the prisons of Qom, Arak and Karaj cities in 2012. Statistical population of survey was consisted of prisoners in three cities of Arak, Qom and Karaj and in this regard 121 individuals were considered as the sample size by using the random sampling; among these individuals, 20 individuals were selected from prisoners in Qom, 33 from Arak and 68 from Karaj. Data collection was based on the questionnaire. Reliability of questionnaire was obtained 0.89 by using Cronbach's alpha method for 22-question researcher-made questionnaire with five-point Likert scale; moreover the content validity was used in order to test the validity of questionnaire and for this propose the questionnaire was approved by relevant experts. Analysis of data, obtained from implementing the questionnaire, was done through the software Spss in both descriptive section (frequency, percentage frequency, mean, standard deviation and inferential section (Single-sample T-test and chi-square test. Results of research indicated that the Gabriel Tarde's laws have been effective in the field of adverse effects of imprisonment on the prisoners. Moreover, the results showed that the effect of imprisonment is not predictable in penal system in reducing the crime and also the outbreak of¬¬¬ crimes by the prisoners is higher.

  16. Aproximación a la descripción de las prácticas de escritura vernácula en Internet de estudiantes chilenos de enseñanza superior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Inés Pérez Aguilar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es un compendio del estudio interpretativo de naturaleza cualitativa –denominado “Prácticas de escritura vernácula en Internet: Estudio cualitativo de las competencias comunicativas en estudiantes de enseñanza superior”–, que tuvo como objetivos describir las prácticas letradas vernáculas en el ámbito de las comunicaciones digitales escritas, de un grupo de estudiantes de la educación superior chilena, y caracterizar las competencias comunicativas implicadas en estas prácticas. Mediante un diseño de investigación narrativa, el estudio se basó en entrevistas y el acceso a espacios personales en Internet de cuatro jóvenes, entre 18 y 22 años, quienes, dentro de un grupo de 124 estudiantes, presentaron el peril de producto res de contenidos en Internet y manifestaron su voluntad de participar. Los resultados permitieron identiicar dos grandes divisiones en la categorización de los datos obtenidos: los signiicados y las formas. La primera correspondiente a los contextos, contenidos y inalidades que motivan estos escritos. La segunda, que alude a las formas de estos mensajes y que conluyen con las funciones del lenguaje. De la interpretación y análisis de lo anterior, se identiicaron las prácticas letradas en estudio, como un espacio de manifestación de los procesos de subjetivación de los sujetos de estudio, instaladas en el marco de lo denominado ciberculturas juveniles, advirtiéndose la inminente diversiicación del concepto de competencia comunicativa. A modo conclusivo se describió el estado de estas prácticas y se caracterizaron las competencias comunicativas en el marco de un conjunto de conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes en el uso de la lengua, requerido para consumir, producir, compartir y difundir contenidos en los escenarios virtuales.

  17. On stage at the Globe

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    The Globe's first season this year is to be rounded off with two shows that are in perfect keeping with the centenary of the death of Jules Verne and Albert Einstein's theory of relativity. 'Signé Jules Verne' (Signed Jules Verne) The Miméscope company, which has already thrilled audiences at CERN with shows such as the 'Oracle of Delphi' and, more recently, 'Point de Suspension', returns with an interactive show entitled 'Signé Jules Verne'. Imagine a slightly crazy machine, which rolls along on wheels, floats, flies or moves in any other way you like, as long as it works on scientific principles. This is the task that Jules Verne sets his audience. Experiments, models, drawings, blueprints, he's interested in them all. In its typical style, Miméscope has created a world of enchantment that combines theatre, choreography, music and lighting effects in a show that evolves as a function of its audience. Performances at 3.00 p.m. on 4, 7, 10 and 11 December An interactive show for the general public...

  18. Gabriel Melo Guevara

    OpenAIRE

    1982-01-01

    El autor reflexiona sobre la política monetaria, los movimientos económicas y sus repercusiones en todas las esferas sociales; asimismo, sobre la devaluación en blanco y las relaciones entre productividad y salarios. Posteriormente, el autor invita a la elaboración de una interpretación teórica de los problemas y características particulares colombianos. Versa, asimismo, por temas como las garantías sociales, la definición de Estado, las relaciones entre Constitución y Estado, etc.

  19. Speech by Prime Minister Francois Fillon. Visit of the Jules Horowitz experimental reactor works on the Commissariat a l'Energie et aux Energies Alternatives site. Cadarache, May 3, 2010; Discours du Premier ministre Francois FILLON Cadarache, lundi 3 mai 2010. Visite du chantier du Reacteur experimental Jules Horowitz sur le site du Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    In this speech, the French Prime Minister evokes the present context, the importance of strategic technologies, and the challenge of investing in these technologies within a context of reduction of public expenses. He comments the decision of his government to finance research and education activities in different domains, and more specifically in the energy sector with this fourth generation Jules Horowitz experimental reactor. He recalls that the nuclear sector has always been very important to the eyes of the successive French governments, and outlines how this reactor will contribute to reactor operational optimization, lifetime extension and safety, nuclear fuel development, etc.

  20. The Jules Horowitz reactor: complementary safety evaluation in the light of the Fukushima 1 nuclear power station accident; Reacteur Jules Horowitz evaluation complementaire de la surete au regard de l'accident servenu a la centrale nucleaire de Fukushima 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This report proposes a complementary safety evaluation of the Jules Horowitz reactor in Cadarache (INB 172), one of the French basic nuclear installations (BNI, in French INB) in the light of the Fukushima accident. This evaluation takes the following risks into account: risks of flooding, earthquake, loss of power supply and loss of cooling, in addition to operational management of accident situations. It presents the main characteristics of the installation, identifies the risks of a cliff effect and the main structures and equipment, evaluates the seismic risk (installation sizing, installation conformity, margin evaluation), evaluates the flooding risk (installation sizing, installation conformity, margin evaluation), briefly examines other extreme natural phenomena (extreme meteorological conditions related to flooding, earthquake or flooding with a higher level than that for which the installation is designed). It analyzes the risk of a loss of power supply and of cooling (loss of external and internal electric sources, loss of the ultimate cooling system). It analyzes the management of severe accidents: crisis management organization, available intervention means, robustness of available means. It discusses the conditions of the use of subcontractors

  1. Groundwater-quality data in the Santa Cruz, San Gabriel, and Peninsular Ranges Hard Rock Aquifers study unit, 2011-2012: results from the California GAMA program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Tracy A.; Shelton, Jennifer L.

    2014-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the 2,400-square-mile Santa Cruz, San Gabriel, and Peninsular Ranges Hard Rock Aquifers (Hard Rock) study unit was investigated by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from March 2011 through March 2012, as part of the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program’s Priority Basin Project (PBP). The GAMA-PBP was developed in response to the California Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001 and is being conducted in collaboration with the SWRCB and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Hard Rock study unit was the 35th study unit to be sampled as part of the GAMA-PBP.

  2. Dictation and Narration: A Genettian study of Gabriel García Márquez’s "El otoño del patriarca"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Stephen Hyland

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines arguably the most challenging of Gabriel García Márquez’s works: his 1975 El otoño del patriarca. I pay particular attention to the role of its circular temporality and constantly shifting narrative voice, examining these closely through the lens of structuralist narratologist Gérard Genette's 1972 Narrative Discourse.  In doing so, I elucidate some of the key difficulties of the García Márquez novel, and explain how this difficult narrative mode is essential to the novel's success.  With Genette's ideas in mind I show the extent to which El otoño del patriarca is able to escape structuralist conceptions of narrative and convey a story of life under a dictatorship in a way that defies the limits of our language.

  3. Notas filosóficas sobre la soledad en Cien años de soledad (1967) de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    No ha sido suficientemente pensado el título de la novela que Gabriel García Márquez publica en 1967. La soledad en el título de esa obra debe ser comprendida como una verdad humana que “toca el corazón” −para usar la metáfora compleja de William Faulkner. Mis argumentos se irán construyendo a partir del recurso a lo que podría ser llamado “anacronismos sugerentes”. Gracias a estos anacronismos, haré entrar en diálogo obras y autores que muy seguramente García Márquez no tuvo en mente durante...

  4. Bestiários dispersos em obras de Gabriel García Márquez, Horacio Quiroga, José Cardoso Pires e Miguel Torga

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Línguas, Literaturas e Culturas, área de especialização em Estudos Ibéricos e Ibero-Americanos Leitura e análise comparativas dos bestiários em algumas obras de Gabriel García Márquez, Horacio Quiroga, José Cardoso Pires e Miguel Torga. Enquadramento teórico do termo literário “tema”, sua articulação com “mito” e alguns tópicos referentes à zoosemiótica antropológica. Reflexão crítica sobre ...

  5. “All now is still” : de la citation à l’œuvre dans Ruggiero and Angelica de Dante Gabriel Rossetti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence ROUSSILLON

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Des tableaux illustrant la poésie de Dante aux sonnets commentant des tableaux d’artistes célèbres jusqu’à ses propres poèmes tableaux – œuvres hybrides où texte et image se mêlent plus qu’ils ne se côtoient – l’œuvre poétique et picturale de Dante Gabriel Rossetti est un labyrinthe d’intertextualité et une source inépuisable de réflexion sur les jeux et les enjeux de la citation. Elle est chez lui rarement à entendre dans le sens classique du terme où il s’agit de rapporter un passage d’une ...

  6. Rezension von: Gabriele Dietze: Weiße Frauen in Bewegung. Genealogien und Konkurrenzen von Race- und Genderpolitiken. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Dorestal

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Gabriele Dietze zeichnet das Verhältnis der Kategorien Race und Gender innerhalb der US-amerikanischen Geschichte von der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts bis zur Präsidentschaftswahl von Barack Obama nach. Dabei demonstriert sie anhand von zentralen Figuren der weißen Frauenbewegung deren ambivalente Positionen, die oftmals für progressive Inhalte wie das Eintreten für Frauenrechte stehen, gleichzeitig aber dann Anliegen von African Americans nicht artikulieren oder gar zum Schweigen bringen. Ebenso zeigt Dietze mithilfe von Texten einiger schwarzer Autor_innen sowie anhand berühmter Gerichtsprozesse, dass schwarze Emanzipation nicht notwendigerweise mit feministischen Positionen einhergehen musste, sondern sich vielmehr eine Konkurrenzsituation zwischen Race und Gender entspann.

  7. Isolation and identification of bioactive compounds responsible for the anti-bacterial efficacy of Lotus corniculatus var. São Gabriel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalmarco Juliana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Lotus corniculatus (Fabaceae is considered a forage plant utilized as food for ruminants in the south of Brazil. This herb is also actually used to treat intestinal infection in these animals. In our experiments, we evaluated the anti-bacterial activity of crude extract from L. corniculatus var. Sγo Gabriel were assayed against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterium. The crude extracted did not show any anti-bacterial activity, but the hexane fraction did on Bacillus cereus (MIC=100 μg/mL and on Enterococcus faecalis, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and Providencia alcalifaciens (MIC=600, 800 or 1000 μg/mL. The Ethyl acetate fraction (AcOEt also showed important anti-bacterial activity on Bacillus cereus, E. faecalis, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (MIC=800 μg/mL. The oleanolic acid isolated from hexane fraction showed the same effect on Staphylococcus aureus methycillin-resistant (MIC=100 μg/mL, L. monocytogenes (MIC=25 μg/mL, and Bacillus cereus (MIC=25 μg/mL. Further, Kaempferitrin isolated from ethyl acetate fraction has also shown anti-bacterial activity on Shighella flexinerii (MIC=100 μg/mL, Salmonella typhimurium (MIC=100 μg/mL, A. calcoaceticus (MIC=100 μg/mL, E. faecalis (MIC=3.9 μg/mL, and Bacillus cereus (MIC=8.5 μg/mL. This study suggests that L. corniculatus var. Sγo Gabriel have potential pharmacological property for a new anti-bacterial drug development.

  8. The enigma of capitalism - Beyond human power II and John Gabriel Borkman. Bjørnstjere Bjørnson and Henrik Ibsen as critics of capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrik Engelstad

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The mid-1890s saw the publication of two seminal critiques of capitalism in Norwegian drama: Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson’s Beyond Human Power – Second Play (1895, and Henrik Ibsen’s John Gabriel Borkman (1896. The obvious differences, as well as the similarities of these plays, invite a comparative analysis. Bjørnson’s play is a sociological depiction of class differences and class struggles, expressed in collective action strategies by employers, and a strange mixture of powerlessness and terrorism by the working class.  The main references are work relations and social and political collectivities. Nevertheless, identities and close social relations are a necessary part of social structures as well as dramatic plots. The analysis of Bjørnson’s play focuses on the relationships between individual lives and individual action on the one hand, and the broad social landscape on the other. John Gabriel Borkman is about a stagnated universe, where all of the main characters are trying to revive the past. Borkman is not about work and collectivities, but about financial capital. To Ibsen, financial capital is the ideal environment for research on the ambitions and shortcomings of individuals. Finance in one sense leads to the aggrandizement of individual power; it makes possible the idea that one man can rule the world. At the same time, there is a world of production in the Ibsenesque universe, as there is a world of social identities in Bjørnson. The inspiration for both plays may be found in the developments of capitalism during the latter half of the nineteenth century, but also in their intertextual relationships with Nietzsche and Goethe’s Faust.

  9. Methodological developments and qualification of calculation schemes for the modelling of photonic heating in the experimental devices of the future Jules Horowitz material testing reactor (RJH); Developpements methodologiques et qualification de schemas de calcul pour la modelisation des echauffements photoniques dans les dispositifs experimentaux du futur reacteur d'irradiation technologiques Jules Horowitz (RJH)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchet, D

    2006-07-01

    The objective of this work is to develop the modelling of the nuclear heating of the experimental devices of the future Jules Horowitz material testing reactor (RJH). The strong specific nuclear power produced (460 kW/l), induces so intense photonic fluxes which cause heating and large temperature gradients that it is necessary to control it by an adequate design. However, calculations of heating are penalized by the very large uncertainties estimated at a value of about 30% (2*{sigma}) coming from the gaps and uncertainties of the data of gamma emission present in the libraries of basic nuclear data. The experimental program ADAPh aims at reducing these uncertainties. Measurements by thermoluminescent detectors (TLD) and ionisation chambers are carried out in the critical assemblies EOLE (Mox) and Minerve (UO{sub 2}). The rigorous interpretation of these measurements requires specific developments based on Monte-Carlo simulations of coupled neutron-gamma and gamma-electron transport. The developments carried out are made different in particular by the modelling of cavities phenomena and delayed gamma emissions by the decay of fission products. The comparisons calculation-measurement made it possible to identify a systematic bias confirming a tendency of calculations to underestimate measurements. A Bayesian method of adjustment was developed in order to re-estimate the principal components of the gamma heating and to transpose the results obtained to the devices of the RJH, under conditions clearly and definitely representative. This work made possible to reduce significantly the uncertainties on the determination of the gamma heating from 30 to 15 per cent. (author)

  10. Optimización de una metodología de análisis para la rehabilitación y protección sostenible de la arquitectura vernácula. Una Metodología de investigación aplicada a zonas de valor constructivo, ecológico y cultural

    OpenAIRE

    Vásquez Fierro, Virginia Verónica

    2009-01-01

    Se ha definido la Arquitectura Vernácula como el universo auto construido de distintos pueblos que legan su testimonio constructivo y que sintetizan los valores arquitectónicos, sociales y culturales, aún vigentes en algunos casos hasta los días de hoy; sin embargo, a menos que sean de grandes civilizaciones y reconocido status monumental, se desperfilan como arquitecturas precarias y no como la respuesta clave que tiene y ha tenido el ser humano para convivir sosteniblemente con el medio nat...

  11. A Glimpse of the Future: The 62nd PTTI Systems & Applications Meeting November 2030

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    FORECASTING Though seeing into the future is difficult, some people have been able to forecast tomorrow’s technology with amazing accuracy. Jules ... Verne wrote about manned flight to the moon from a launch base in Florida in 1865 [1], and Arthur C. Clarke described the use of communications...Precise Time – William Cashin and Qinghua Wang Relativity in Everyday Systems – Aaron Dahlen. REFERENCES [1] J. Verne , 1865, From the Earth

  12. Perchlorate Destruction and Potable Water Production Using Membrane Biofilm Reduction and Membrane Filtration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    Owner David Friese APTwater APTwater 2516 Verne Roberts Circle, Suite H-102 Antioch, CA 94509 Phone 562-661-4999 X612 Cell 925-708-0480...Email dfriese@aptwater.com Project Manager Ryan Overstreet APTwater 2516 Verne Roberts Circle, Suite H-102 Antioch, CA 94509 Phone 562-661... Julee M. From: Arucan, Clyde Sent: Monday, August 22, 2011 1:20 PM To: Evans, Patrick; Berokoff, Daniel; Smith, Jennifer L. Cc: David Friese; Ryan

  13. Modern Technology Transforming Virtuosos Into Conductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    is a killer in the battlespace Inhibits decisiveness Overwhelms the receiver Jeopardizes the mission Don’t discount fantasy/Science Fiction Jules   Vern ...Inhibits decisiveness Overwhelms the receiver Jeopardizes the mission Don’t discount fantasy/Science Fiction Jules   Vern   ‐ Nuke Subs Robert Heinlein – Starship Troopers      George Lucas ‐ Starwars 5/4/2010 15SSTC 2010

  14. Relations Between Rainfall and Postfire Debris-Flow and Flood Magnitudes for Emergency-Response Planning, San Gabriel Mountains, Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Susan H.; Boldt, Eric M.; Kean, Jason W.; Laber, Jayme; Staley, Dennis M.

    2010-01-01

    Following wildfires, emergency-response and public-safety agencies are faced often with making evacuation decisions and deploying resources both well in advance of each coming winter storm and during storms themselves. Information critical to this process is provided for recently burned areas in the San Gabriel Mountains of southern California. The National Weather Service (NWS) issues Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts (QPFs) for the San Gabriel Mountains twice a day, at approximately 4 a.m. and 4 p.m., along with unscheduled updates when conditions change. QPFs provide estimates of rainfall totals in 3-hour increments for the first 12-hour period and in 6-hour increments for the second 12-hour period. Estimates of one-hour rainfall intensities can be provided in the forecast narrative, along with probable peak intensities and timing, although with less confidence than rainfall totals. A compilation of information on the hydrologic response to winter storms from recently burned areas in southern California steeplands was used to develop a system for classifying the magnitude of the postfire hydrologic response. The four-class system is based on a combination of the reported volume of individual debris flows, the consequences of these events in an urban setting, and the spatial extent of the response to the triggering storm. Threshold rainfall conditions associated with debris flow and floods of different magnitude classes are defined by integrating local rainfall data with debris-flow and flood magnitude information. The within-storm rainfall accumulations (A) and durations (D) above which magnitude I events are expected are defined by A=0.3D0.6. The function A=0.5D0.6 defines the within-storm rainfall accumulations and durations above which a magnitude III event will occur in response to a regional-scale storm, and a magnitude II event will occur if the storm affects only a few drainage basins. The function A=1.0D0.5defines the rainfall conditions above which

  15. Crimen y perdón: el juicio en la Habana al gobernador Gabriel de Torres y Velasco por la entrega de la Plaza de Cartagena (1824-1827 = Crime and Pardon: the judgement of governor Gabriel Torres de Velasco in Havana due to his deprivation of Cartagena (1824-1827

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuño Bonito, Justo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A corte marcial dos Capitães Gerais a qual voluntariamente submeteu-se o Brigadeiro Gabriel de Torres y Velasco para limpar seu nome por ter entregado a Praça de Cartagena de Índias foi um julgamento militar que acabou se tornando político. Este caso demonstra o conflito permanente entre liberais e absolutistas, mas também evidencia, por outro lado, os acordos tácitos sobre a necessidade de se manter silêncio sobre os acontecimentos do passado recente. De modo que, durante todo o processo de julgamento, não há referência ao triênio liberal nem à proclamação da Constituição liberal em Cartagena em 1820

  16. Comment on and reinterpretation of Gabriel et Al. (2014) 'fish mercury and surface water sulfate relationships in the everglades protection area'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julian, Paul; Gu, Binhe; Redfield, Garth

    2015-01-01

    Mercury (Hg) methylation and bioaccumulation is a major environmental issue in the Everglades Protection Area (EvPA). Therefore, it is critical to improve our predictive understanding of Hg dynamics. This commentary critically reviews a recently published manuscript concerning the possible relationship between Hg in fish tissue and surface water sulfate within EvPA marshes. The commentary addresses fundamental issues with the authors' data analysis, results and interpretation as well as highlights inconsistencies with published literature and the lack of support for their suggested ecosystem management actions. A number of chemical, biological, and physical factors influence Hg methylation and bioaccumulation, and water sulfate is sometimes viewed as a keystone factor, Gabriel et al. (2014) conclude that Hg bioaccumulation is favored at elevated sulfate concentrations, and suggest mitigation strategies to reduce sulfate inputs to the EvPA. A careful review of their data and conclusions reveals major flaws and in fact, a more straightforward and defensible interpretation of their data would be that no predictable relationship exists between fish tissue Hg and surface water sulfate concentrations in south Florida. Given the complexity of Hg cycling and the influence of trophic and habitat characteristics on aquatic consumer Hg accumulation, expecting one parameter to predict Hg accumulation dynamics within fish species within a dynamic marsh environment is unrealistic. Furthermore, proposing any management guidance from this relationship with little to no quantitative statistical analysis is inappropriate and misleading.

  17. Comment on and Reinterpretation of Gabriel et al. (2014) `Fish Mercury and Surface Water Sulfate Relationships in the Everglades Protection Area'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julian, Paul; Gu, Binhe; Redfield, Garth

    2015-01-01

    Mercury (Hg) methylation and bioaccumulation is a major environmental issue in the Everglades Protection Area (EvPA). Therefore, it is critical to improve our predictive understanding of Hg dynamics. This commentary critically reviews a recently published manuscript concerning the possible relationship between Hg in fish tissue and surface water sulfate within EvPA marshes. The commentary addresses fundamental issues with the authors' data analysis, results and interpretation as well as highlights inconsistencies with published literature and the lack of support for their suggested ecosystem management actions. A number of chemical, biological, and physical factors influence Hg methylation and bioaccumulation, and water sulfate is sometimes viewed as a keystone factor, Gabriel et al. (2014) conclude that Hg bioaccumulation is favored at elevated sulfate concentrations, and suggest mitigation strategies to reduce sulfate inputs to the EvPA. A careful review of their data and conclusions reveals major flaws and in fact, a more straightforward and defensible interpretation of their data would be that no predictable relationship exists between fish tissue Hg and surface water sulfate concentrations in south Florida. Given the complexity of Hg cycling and the influence of trophic and habitat characteristics on aquatic consumer Hg accumulation, expecting one parameter to predict Hg accumulation dynamics within fish species within a dynamic marsh environment is unrealistic. Furthermore, proposing any management guidance from this relationship with little to no quantitative statistical analysis is inappropriate and misleading.

  18. Small scale heterogeneity of Phanerozoic lower crust: evidence from isotopic and geochemical systematics of mid-Cretaceous granulite gneisses, San Gabriel Mountains, southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, A.P.; Wooden, J.L.; May, D.J.

    1992-01-01

    An elongate belt of mid-Cretaceous, compositionally banded gneisses and granulites is exposed in Cucamonga terrane, in the southeastern foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains of southern California. Banded gneisses include mafic granulites of two geochemical types: type 1 rocks are similar to high Al arc basalts and andesites but have higher HFSE (high-field-strength-element) abundances and extremely variable LILE (largeion-lithophile-element) abundances, while type 2 rocks are relatively low in Al and similar to alkali rich MOR (midocean-ridge) or intraplate basalts. Intercalated with mafic granulites are paragneisses which include felsic granulites, aluminous gneisses, marble, and calc-silicate gneisses. Type 1 mafic granulites and calcic trondhjemitic pegmatites also oceur as cross-cutting, synmetamorphic dikes or small plutons. Small-scale heterogeneity of deep continental crust is indicated by the lithologic and isotopic diversity of intercalated ortho-and paragneisses exposed in Cucamonga terrane. Geochemical and isotopic data indicate that K, Rb, and U depletion and Sm/Nd fractionation were associated with biotite +/- muscovite dehydration reactions in type 1 mafic granulites and aluminous gneisses during high-grade metamorphism. Field relations and model initial isotopic ratios imply a wide range of protolith ages, ranging from Early Proterozoic to Phanerozoic. ?? 1992 Springer-Verlag.

  19. Mesianismo negativo y novela del dictador: Esteban Echeverría, Miguel Ángel Asturias y Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Wehr

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available En los primeros años de la época romántica se establece un género autóctono de la literatura latinoamericana: la novela del dictador. Se presenta, a pesar de su gran tema histórico y político, como literatura grotesca, carnavalesca, a veces surrealista. Estas tendencias ponen en escena el carácter irracional y paradójico de las dictaduras latinoamericanas. Es poco conocido que el caudillismo emerge de tradiciones religiosas. Las raíces culturales del poder carismático son bíblicas. Por eso, el caudillismo es la manifestación política de un mesianismo decepcionado y pervertido. Los dictadores se presentan como Dioses malvados que gobiernan paraísos malditos. Este discurso alegórico es un rasgo característico de la novela del dictador y da a entender el fundamento metafísico del caudillismo. Él domina ya el texto fundador del género, El Matadero, de Esteban Echevarría, pero también novelas como El Señor Presidente, de Miguel Angel Asturias, o El otoño del Patriarca, de Gabriel García Márquez.

  20. Érase una vez Gabriel García Márquez, el ahogado más Hermoso del mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Maria Santiago Alonso

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Márquez nos ha devuelto ese entrañable arte de contar cuentos que casi habíamos olvidado. Un ahogado, el más hermoso del mundo, el más bello y grande del mundo, nos recuerda la importancia de un cuento, de una historia susceptible de ser verídica. Su devenir en el cuento de Márquez nos pone en contacto con una realidad que es capaz de cambiar hacia lo inesperado y maravilloso, hacia lo fantástico y mágico, hacia lo realmente irreal de la realidad. Y es que nuestra falta de memoria nos esta deshumanizando. Quizás porque ya no nos creemos nada; porque todos nos hemos vuelto tan hedonistas que olvidamos la esencia, y se nos vuelve la mirada estrábica ante una realidad que se muestra impermeable ante nuestros ojos. Y por eso mismo un día llega don Gabriel y nos recuerda como es todo aquello a lo que estamos dando la espalda, y nos recuenta la realidad a su manera, ómo los cuentos desde la lumbre, y como niños ávidos de nuevas experiencias y vivencias nos quedamos boquiabiertos con nuestro cuentacuentos tiresiano, que no ciego. Despertando de nuestras abulias vitales volvemos a entusiasmarnos con un cuento tan realmente mágico como la vida misma.

  1. Between phrén and psyché: Gabriele Buccola and his contribution to the birth of experimental psychology in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degni, Silvia

    2006-01-01

    The institution in 1880 of a laboratory of experimental psychology in the San Lazzaro Mental Hospital of Reggio Emilia, directed by Augusto Tamburini, marks a fundamental stage for the birth of scientific psychology in Italy. It was in this laboratory that the Sicilian psychiatrist Gabriele Buccola worked, carrying out reaction-time experiments in a broad and systematic way on "sane" and mentally ill individuals. In so doing, he was following Claude Bernard's lesson--which was advocated also by Comte, Taine, and Ribot, as in Italy by Livi and Tamburini-- according to which mental functions are to be studied in both normal and pathological conditions. With these experiments, Buccola highlighted the way in which reaction time is tied to "attention," how it is altered by mental illness, and how there are various "modifiers" that influence the results. He also shows how the measurement of this "time" represents an important instrument for the differential diagnosis of several mental pathologies. Buccola's work, which is implemented in the first volume of experimental psychology written in Italy, demonstrates how psychology, which in the second half of the nineteenth century aspired to become an autonomous science, developed in Italy from the root of psychiatry, on the common ground of evolutionary positivism.

  2. Influence of corona discharge on the ozone budget in the tropical free troposphere: a case study of deep convection during GABRIEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozem, H.; Fischer, H.; Gurk, C.; Schiller, C. L.; Parchatka, U.; Koenigstedt, R.; Stickler, A.; Martinez, M.; Harder, H.; Kubistin, D.; Williams, J.; Eerdekens, G.; Lelieveld, J.

    2014-09-01

    Convective redistribution of ozone and its precursors between the boundary layer (BL) and the free troposphere (FT) influences photochemistry, in particular in the middle and upper troposphere (UT). We present a case study of convective transport during the GABRIEL campaign over the tropical rain forest in Suriname in October 2005. During one measurement flight the inflow and outflow regions of a cumulonimbus cloud (Cb) have been characterized. We identified a distinct layer between 9 and 11 km altitude with enhanced mixing ratios of CO, O3, HOx, acetone and acetonitrile. The elevated O3 contradicts the expectation that convective transport brings low-ozone air from the boundary layer to the outflow region. Entrainment of ozone-rich air is estimated to account for 62% (range: 33-91%) of the observed O3. Ozone is enhanced by only 5-6% by photochemical production in the outflow due to enhanced NO from lightning, based on model calculations using observations including the first reported HOx measurements over the tropical rainforest. The "excess" ozone in the outflow is most probably due to direct production by corona discharge associated with lightning. We deduce a production rate of 5.12 × 1028 molecules O3 flash-1 (range: 9.89 × 1026-9.82 × 1028 molecules O3 flash-1), which is at the upper limit of the range reported previously.

  3. “The Law of Abraham the Catholic”: Juan Gabriel as Qur’ān Translator for Martín de Figuerola and Egidio da Viterbo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Arenal, Mercedes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this article is to investigate the similarities between the Latin translation of the Qur’ān commissioned by the Italian cardinal Egidio da Viterbo (first version, 1518 and Quranic quotations included in a treatise entitled Lumbre de fe contra el Alcorán (Valencia, 1521 authored by a Catholic preacher, Fray Johan Martín de Figuerola, in order to corroborate the hypothesis that the texts share a common author. The person regarded as the link between them is a convert from Islam to Christianity known as Juan Gabriel from Teruel, formerly Ali Alayzar. The arguments in favour of this thesis are presented, first of all, within a historical description of the circumstances and coincidences of the people involved in the production of the two translation projects; secondly, textual evidence is put forward in which correspondences, similarities and differences are highlighted and discussed. We also consider the similarities to the quotations in Juan Andrés’s Confusión o confutación del Alcorán, drawing attention to a circle of other Christian polemicists around Martín García who were all working in various ways with the Arabic Qur’ān.Este artículo se propone estudiar las similitudes entre la traducción latina del Corán encargada por el cardenal Egidio de Viterbo en 1518 y las citas coránicas incluidas en un tratado de polémica titulado Lumbre de fe contra el Alcorán (Valencia, 1521 escrito por un predicador, Fray Martín de Figuerola. Estas similitudes serán destacadas para corroborar la hipótesis de una autoría común a ambas traducciones en la persona de un mudéjar convertido al catolicismo, Juan Gabriel de Teruel, antes llamado Ali Alayzar. Los argumentos en favor de esta tesis se presentan primero en términos de la descripción de las circunstancias y coincidencias de las personas involucradas en ambos proyectos de traducción y en segundo lugar en las coincidencias, similitudes y características comunes a

  4. Hydrologic conditions and terrestrial laser scanning of post-fire debris flows in the San Gabriel Mountains, CA, U.S.A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Kevin M.; Hanshaw, M.N.; Howle, James F.; Kean, Jason W.; Staley, Dennis M.; Stock, Jonathan D.; Bawden, Gerald W.

    2011-01-01

    To investigate rainfall-runoff conditions that generate post-wildfire debris flows, we instrumented and surveyed steep, small watersheds along the tectonically active front of the San Gabriel Mountains, California. Fortuitously, we recorded runoff-generated debris-flows triggered by one spatially restricted convective event with 28 mm of rainfall falling over 62 minutes. Our rain gages, nested hillslope overland-flow sensors and soil-moisture probes, as well as a time series of terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) revealed the effects of the storm. Hillslope overland-flow response, along two ~10-m long flow lines perpendicular to and originating from a drainage divide, displayed only a 10 to 20 minute delay from the onset of rainfall with accumulated totals of merely 5-10 mm. Depth-stratified soil-moisture probes displayed a greater time delay, roughly 20- 30 minutes, indicating that initial overland flow was Hortonian. Furthermore, a downstream channel-monitoring array recorded a pronounced discharge peak generated by the passage of a debris flow after 18 minutes of rainfall. At this time, only four of the eleven hillslope overlandflow sensors confirmed the presence of surface-water flow. Repeat TLS and detailed field mapping using GPS document how patterns of rainsplash, overland-flow scour, and rilling contributed to the generation of meter-scale debris flows. In response to a single small storm, the debris flows deposited irregular levees and lobate terminal snouts on hillslopes and caused widespread erosion of the valley axis with ground surface lowering exceeding 1.5 m.

  5. The state of permafrost surrounding "Gabriel de Castilla" Spanish Antarctic Station (Deception Island, Antarctica): Studying the possible degradation due to the infrastructures heating effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recio, Cayetana; Ángel de Pablo, MIguel; Ramos, MIguel; Molina, Antonio

    2015-04-01

    Permafrost degradation is one of the effects of the global warming. Many studies reveal the increase of active layer and reduction on permafrost table thickness, also in Antarctica. However, these trends on permafrost can be accelerated by the human activities, as the heating produced by the Antarctic stations infrastructures when they are not properly isolated from the ground. In Deception island, South Shetland Archipelago, we started 3 years ago a monitoring program at the 26 years old "Gabriel de Castilla" Spanish Antarctic Station (SAS), It is focused on charactering the state of permafrost, since in the coastal scarps at tens of meters from the station an increase on erosion had been detected. Although the main cause of the erosion of this coastal volcanoclastic materials is the 2 meters thick icefield which forms during the winter in the inner sea of this volcanic island, we want to detect any possible contribution to the coastal erosion caused by the permafrost degradation related to the SAS presence. We present our preliminary analysis based on three years of continuous ground temperature data, monitored at a shallow borehole (70 cm deep) in the SAS edge, together with the active layer thickness measured around the station and their vicinities in two thawing seasons. We complete this study with the analysis of the continuous temperature data taken inside the SAS and the air and ground temperatures below the station, acquired during the last Antarctic Campaign (December 2014-February 2015). These preliminary results are fundamental 1) to discard any contribution from the SAS presence, and to help to improve its thermal isolation, 2) to help improve our knowledge about the thermal state of permafrost in the area, and 3) to help to understand the causes of the coastal erosion in the volcanic Deception Island.

  6. Chemical Weathering in the San Gabriel Mountains of California: The influence of erosion rates, soil depth, and transport processes on soil chemical losses (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, J. L.; Hartshorn, A. S.; Heimsath, A. M.; Dibiase, R. A.; Whipple, K. X.

    2010-12-01

    What controls the chemical weathering of soils in actively eroding landscapes? In this study, we explore the tectonic signature on soil weathering in the San Gabriel Mountains (SGM) of California, where propagating waves of incision triggered by increasing rock uplift have resulted in distinctly different hillslope morphologies and erosion rates across the range. We quantify downslope patterns of soil weathering across this landscape using sites that bracket low-gradient hillslopes of the stable upland plateau and hillslopes near the margins of the incising landscape. We use elemental mass balances in rock and soil to index the weathered extent of soils, and couple these extents with previously measured 10Be-derived soil production rates to calculate rates of soil weathering and erosion. Across all sites, Tau-Si—the fractional loss or gain of Si from parent material—averages -0.32±0.04, and the weathered extent of soils generally increases with increasing distance from the hillcrest. However, weathering intensities decrease as hillslope gradients steepen beyond 30°. Chemical weathering extents on slopes controlling mineral supply and residence time. These patterns are consistent with previously published predictive models for denudation-weathering relationships based on mineral weathering kinetics. Variable weathering extents in soils indicate that soil weathering in the SGM is largely kinetically limited. This work provides a field-based quantification of the complex relationship between soil erosion and chemical weathering, and together our data suggest that tectonic forcing strongly influences soil weathering rates and extents through its control on erosion rates, transport processes and soil thickness.

  7. Gabriel Velásquez Palau, Educador visionario, el gran reformador de la educación Médica Colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Felix Patiño Restrepo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Hay hombres que dejan huella profunda en el devenir histórico de una nación. Tal es, ciertamente, el caso de Gabriel Velásquez Palau, Miembro Honorario de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia, un educador de vocación profunda, líder intelectual, ejecutor paradigmático. Tuve la fortuna de conocerlo muy de cerca porque trabajamos juntos, con un grupo inolvidable de médicos de las siete facultades de medicina de la época, en la reforma de la educación médica de Colombia. Finalizando la primera mitad del siglo XX, la educación médica colombiana fue calificada muy mal por la Misión Humpreys, o Misión Médica Unitaria, contratada por el Gobierno con el fin de evaluar las escuelas de medicina. “La misión describió el panorama encontrado, que no era muy diferente del reportado por la Misión francesa2: un predominio absoluto de la enseñanza magistral –al modo de la escolástica–, dificultades en la contratación y ascenso de profesores, por lo cual se contaba con un escaso recurso docente, pobre supervisión de las prácticas clínicas y nula investigación. Además, se destacó la ausencia de programas formales de residencia para entrenamiento de posgrado.” (Pineda, 2014 ...

  8. Effects of land-cover change on soil loss in the Sao Gabriel do Oeste area (Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Disperati, Leonardo; Righini, Gaia; Salvini, Riccardo; Ciali, Alessandro; Coscini, Nicola; Fantozzi, Pier L.; Carmignani, Luigi; Fiori, Alberto P.; Paranhos Filho, Antonio C.; Bocci, Michele

    1999-12-01

    In the Sao Gabriel do Oeste area (Pantanal, Brazil), since the '60s, zootechnics and farming activities have developed and arable lands and pastures replaced shrubs and forests. The 1966 to 1996 land-cover change was investigated through Remote Sensing and GIS methodologies. The effect on soil loss was evaluated through the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). By integrating supervised classification and visual interpretation techniques, geo-coded land-cover data bases were built from aerial photographs and Landsat TM images (years 1966, 1985, 1996). Multi-temporal land-cover data bases were produced through 'post-classification comparison.' The application of the USLE in the ARC/INFO$CPY Grid environment enabled to perform the multi-temporal analysis of the potential soil loss. The R, K, C and P factors of such equation were assumed from the literature. The flowdirection and flowaccumulation Grid functions and the DEM allowed calculating the L and S factors. The results show that from 1966 to 1985 large extent of forest and shrubs were deforested. After 1985, deforestation rate decreased and part of burnt areas and pastures changed to secondary forest. The land-cover transformations induced a meaningful growth of the computed average soil loss per unit area (A) from 1966 to 1985 ((Delta) A approximately equals 3.7 t(DOT)ha-1(DOT)y-1). On the contrary, the reduction of A from 1985 to 1996 ((Delta) A approximately equals 0.8 t(DOT)ha-1(DOT)y-1) suggests that more recently the human impact became steady.

  9. Gabrielė Petkevičaitė-Bitė: neįgalaus kūno asmens savivokos formavimosi įtampa | Gabrielė Petkevičaitė-Bitė: tension in the formation of self-concept of disabled individual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aistė Birgerytė

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an interpretation of the autobiographic writings of Gabrielė Petkevičaitė-Bitė, a prominent Lithuanian female writer and a cultural character of the late 1890s and early 1900s. The paper analyses why the disabled female writer had never put any stress on her illness in public (in her childhood she had a twisted spine and stayed a “hunchback” for the rest of her life, had a week nervous system, later had a softened knee-joint and barely could walk, and at the end of her life, she hardly could see and hear. Rather opposite, she identified herself with straight positive views – aspiring “to work for the welfare of the public”, “to disregard private interests” – and even ignored her private experience altogether.On the foundation of the contemporary cultural theories of disability (Simi Linton, Rosemarie Garland Thomson, Lennard J. Davis, the paper aims to reveal the formation of Bitė’s dual rhetorics which uncovers the history of the writer’s identity and the dramatism of her eternal existence “between”. From the point of view of the disability studies, the paper looks into the life of the writer���s parents’ family, which largely shaped Bitė’s consciousness and predetermined her choices. The paper investigates the link between the Bitė’s family philanthropic ideology and personal circumstances (in addition to Gabrielė, there were four other sick children, in Petkevičiai family; the writer’s parents’ attitude towards their daughter’s disability (lameness was not interpreted negatively, it was generally ignored; the father’s arguments not to allow the disabled daughter to pursue higher education. The paper also discusses the issue of the positive outlook on different nations, languages, cultures and gender and reserved opinions about disability that existed in Petkevičiai family.The paper concludes that the background of the writer’s parents’ family, discussed from the

  10. Real maravilhoso e cinema: o universo ficcional de Gabriel García Márquez revisitado nos filmes Como água para chocolate e A casa dos espíritos

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Este estudo inicialmente parte da noção de Real Maravilhoso tomando os principais estudiosos do tema e posteriormente ressalta os elementos significativos na escrita do colombiano Gabriel García Márquez, principalmente em sua obra Cem anos de solidão de 1967. O escritor ao tornar-se uma das figuras mais importantes da vertente literária do Real Maravilhoso e um dos nomes mais citados do boom da literatura latino-americana, extrapola o âmbito literário, emprestando seu estilo a outras manifest...

  11. Diagnóstico de la vulnerabilidades informáticas en los sistemas de información para proponer soluciones de seguridad a la rectificadora Gabriel Mosquera S.A.

    OpenAIRE

    Pintado Cuji, Karen Andrea; Hurtado Valero, Cesar Luis

    2015-01-01

    En la presente tesis se realizó el diagnóstico de las vulnerabilidades informáticas para proponer soluciones de Seguridad a la empresa RECTIFICADORA GABRIEL MOSQUERA S.A. Frente a la necesidad de proteger los sistemas que manejan información delicada y sensible de la empresa, los autores del presente proyecto proponen llevar a cabo una evaluación de los riesgos y desarrollar un plan de mitigación de los mismos, utilizando las metodologías MSAT y OCTAVE -S. Se escogieron estas herramientas d...

  12. Tópicos amorosos de los poetas elegiacos latinos en el <> de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    Santo-Rosa Carballo, Isabel

    1986-01-01

    En el presente artículo se estudia la novela El amor en los tiempos del cólera de Gabriel García Márquez considerando la influencia que los poetas elegiacos latinos —Catulo, Propercio, Tibulo y Ovidio— han podido tener en el tratamiento que el autor hace del tema amoroso. Tópicos como SIGNUM AMORIS, FUROR AMORIS, MILITIA AMORIS, SERVITIUM AMORIS o EXCLUSUS AMATOR se analizan dentro de lo que entonces fue una nueva estética y se verifica su presencia en esta obra. Mediante esta labor de ...

  13. The Influence of William Faulkner in the Works of Gabriel García Márquez : A Rose for Emily and Cien años de soledad

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    En su obra maestra Cien ethos de soledad (1967), Gabriel Garcia Marquez adapta e incorpora uno de los mejores cuentos de William Faulkner, "A Rose for Emily, transformando a su protagonista Emily en tres mujeres de la familia Buendia -- Rebeca, Amaranta y Fernanda. Rebeca es una Emily marqueciana que ya habia aparecido en sus primeras obras como La hojarasca (1955) y "Un dia despues del sabado" (1962). En estas obras aparece como una viuda anciana que vive sola en una casa vieja despues de la...

  14. Kirjandus ja vabamüürlus / Paavo Matsin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsin, Paavo, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Loetletakse vabamüürlastest kirjanikke (pikemalt Jules Verne'ist, Gustav Meyrinkist, Rudyard Kiplingist ja Mait Metsanurgast) ning vabamüürlikke tegelasi või motiive kasutanud kirjanikke (Lev Tolstoi, Fjodor Dostojevski, Mihhail Bulgakov, Edgar Allan Poe)

  15. Computer-Assisted Eye Examination: Background and Prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    bookkeeping work. The most successful prophet of lcchnology, Jules Verne , predicted much of 20th century technical progress. Few scientists took him...de los antojos Seville: Diego Perez, De Valdds. B. D. (1623b) Usit de los antajos. Ed M Mhrque. Madrid: Julio Casano. Westheimer, G. (19571

  16. An Analysis of Tactical Military Airlift

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-09-01

    Major William Scott of AFIT; MSGT (Ret.) Gaye Summitt and MSGT (Ret.) Vern Moore, who took a fledgling Lieutenant under their wings and molded him into...Decision: The Siege of Khe Sanh. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. Roy, Jules . 1965. The Battle of Dienbienphu. New York: Harper & Row. Shore, Moyers

  17. What Is Steampunk, and Do I Want It in My Library?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozmus, Emily

    2011-01-01

    What is steampunk? Most call it Victorian science fiction. Steampunk can claim such authors as H.G. Wells and Jules Verne as its earliest writers. These two Victorian/Edwardian era writers created steampunk settings in books such as "The Time Machine" and "Journey to the Center of the Earth". In the 1990s, writers such as William Gibson, Bruce…

  18. Air Force Health Study. An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. First Followup Examination Results. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-10-01

    follovup examination, 4 vere Ranch Hands and 6 vere Comparisons. This difference vas not statistically s$gnific nt and the data vern insufficlant for...higher proportion of individuals with white blood cell eounts exceeding 10,000/mm was in the exposed group. hase~ jule Sume.ary Lesults A nunber of

  19. Leadership in the Era of the Human Singularity: New Demands, New Skills, New Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    Leadership in the era of the human singuLarity84 Such claims are not based on the Late Victorian and Edwardian futurism of H.G. Welles, Edward Bellamy, Jules ... Verne , and the great expositions of the 1890s and early 1900s. In the first place, we have today many, many times more experience observing the

  20. Reach for the Stars: Visions for Literacy Coaching Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeFord, Diane

    2012-01-01

    This brief by the Literacy Coaching Clearinghouse is about reaching for the stars--stories of vision and commitment from educators in small and large schools. Everyone knows of people who are held up as "visionaries" throughout history: Leonardo Da Vinci, Mahatma Gandhi, Jules Verne, Thomas Edison, Susan Anthony, or John Dewey, to name a few. The…

  1. Chemistry and Defects in Semiconductor Heterostructures. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Volume 148

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    energ7y for an overomowtbh (141. This work was sapported by’he𔃿.lpartmest ofPCro-t-CC-’F D53) r. Jules Soatbort, contract monitor, for which muon...found, indicating a single crystalline material. The patterns, however, are verN sensitive to small non-uniform lattice strains which can be detected to

  2. Detjam kapitana Granta privezli iz Ameriki bizonov i straussov / Margarita Golovanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Golovanova, Margarita

    2006-01-01

    Kuidas "Mosfilmis" filmiti Jules Verne'i järgi mängufilmi "Kapten Granti lapsed" : režissöör Vladimir Vainshtok : helilooja Isaak Dunajevski : näitlejad Nikolai Tsherkassov, Jakov Segel : NSV Liit 1936

  3. What Is Steampunk, and Do I Want It in My Library?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozmus, Emily

    2011-01-01

    What is steampunk? Most call it Victorian science fiction. Steampunk can claim such authors as H.G. Wells and Jules Verne as its earliest writers. These two Victorian/Edwardian era writers created steampunk settings in books such as "The Time Machine" and "Journey to the Center of the Earth". In the 1990s, writers such as William Gibson, Bruce…

  4. Kirjandus ja vabamüürlus / Paavo Matsin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsin, Paavo, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Loetletakse vabamüürlastest kirjanikke (pikemalt Jules Verne'ist, Gustav Meyrinkist, Rudyard Kiplingist ja Mait Metsanurgast) ning vabamüürlikke tegelasi või motiive kasutanud kirjanikke (Lev Tolstoi, Fjodor Dostojevski, Mihhail Bulgakov, Edgar Allan Poe)

  5. Detjam kapitana Granta privezli iz Ameriki bizonov i straussov / Margarita Golovanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Golovanova, Margarita

    2006-01-01

    Kuidas "Mosfilmis" filmiti Jules Verne'i järgi mängufilmi "Kapten Granti lapsed" : režissöör Vladimir Vainshtok : helilooja Isaak Dunajevski : näitlejad Nikolai Tsherkassov, Jakov Segel : NSV Liit 1936

  6. Chemistry, transport and dry deposition of trace gases in the boundary layer over the tropical Atlantic Ocean and the Guyanas during the GABRIEL field campaign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stickler

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a comparison of different Lagrangian and chemical box model calculations with measurement data obtained during the GABRIEL campaign over the tropical Atlantic Ocean and the Amazon rainforest in the Guyanas, October 2005. Lagrangian modelling of boundary layer (BL air constrained by measurements is used to derive a horizontal gradient (≈5.6 pmol/mol km−1 of CO from the ocean to the rainforest (east to west. This is significantly smaller than that derived from the measurements (16–48 pmol/mol km−1, indicating that photochemical production from organic precursors alone cannot explain the observed strong gradient. It appears that HCHO is overestimated by the Lagrangian and chemical box models, which include dry deposition but not exchange with the free troposphere (FT. The relatively short lifetime of HCHO implies substantial BL-FT exchange. The mixing-in of FT air affected by African and South American biomass burning at an estimated rate of 0.12 h−1 increases the CO and decreases the HCHO mixing ratios, improving agreement with measurements. A mean deposition velocity of 1.35 cm/s for H2O2 over the ocean as well as over the rainforest is deduced assuming BL-FT exchange adequate to the results for CO. The measured increase of the organic peroxides from the ocean to the rainforest (≈0.66 nmol/mol d−1 is significantly overestimated by the Lagrangian model, even when using high values for the deposition velocity and the entrainment rate. Our results point at either heterogeneous loss of organic peroxides and/or their radical precursors, underestimated photodissociation or missing reaction paths of peroxy radicals not forming peroxides in isoprene chemistry. We calculate a mean integrated daytime net ozone production (NOP in the BL of (0.2±5.9 nmol/mol (ocean and (2.4±2.1 nmol/mol (rainforest. The NOP strongly correlates with NO and has a positive tendency in

  7. Algunos aspectos de la economía del monasterio de Pedralbes a través del manual (1414-1419 y del "capbreu" (1414-1418 de Gabriel de Forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Menacho, Vera-Cruz

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to carry out a study about several economic aspects from the monastery of Pedralbes from 1414 to 1419 through out the Manual and Capbreu of the notary Gabriel de Forest. The items developed are the salaries of the workers linked to the monastery, the prices of the food bought by the nuns, and the slaves acquisition, through out the bills which are included in this mentioned notarial documentation.

    El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un estudio de algunos aspectos económicos del monasterio de Pedralbes a través del Manual y Capbreu del notario Gabriel de Forest desde 1414 hasta 1419. Los aspectos que se han desarrollado son los referentes a los salarios de los trabajadores vinculados al monasterio, los precios de los alimentos comprados por las monjas y la compra de esclavas, todo ello a través de los recibos que se encuentran en dicha documentación notarial.

  8. Être parasité par les fictions des autres. Rôle et (impertinence du personnage de Gabriel Rivages dans la trilogie 1984 d’Éric Plamondon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Audet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Romans fragmentaires autant que romans duels, les trois tomes de la trilogie 1984 d’Éric Plamondon associent chacun à une figure américaine (Weissmuller, Brautigan, Jobs le personnage de Gabriel Rivages, dont le destin est placé en écho à ces mythes. Singulier dans son histoire, Rivages reste toutefois un personnage faible, jouant un rôle de relais et de faire-valoir. Son actantialité réduite pourrait être perçue, à la lumière de la fragmentation romanesque et de l’architecture livresque de cet ensemble, comme le signal d’une individualité tiraillée entre la grandeur du réel mythifié et la faiblesse de la fiction ordinaire. As much fragmentary novels as they are dual novels, each of the three volumes of Eric Plamondon’s 1984 trilogy associates the character Gabriel Rivages with an American figure (Weissmuller, Brautigan, Jobs, placing the destiny of the character as an echo to the myths surrounding each figure. Though unique within his story, Rivages nevertheless remains a weak character, playing the role of relay or foil. His reduced actantiality may be perceived, in light of the novelistic fragmentation and the architecture of the trilogy, as the signal of an individuality caught between the grandeur of a mythologized reality and the feebleness of ordinary fiction.

  9. Ground-Water Quality Data in the San Fernando-San Gabriel Study Unit, 2005 - Results from the California GAMA Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, Michael; Belitz, Kenneth

    2008-01-01

    Ground-water quality in the approximately 460 square mile San Fernando-San Gabriel study unit (SFSG) was investigated between May and July 2005 as part of the Priority Basin Assessment Project of the Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program. The GAMA Priority Basin Assessment Project was developed in response to the Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001 and is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB). The San Fernando-San Gabriel study was designed to provide a spatially unbiased assessment of raw ground-water quality within SFSG, as well as a statistically consistent basis for comparing water quality throughout California. Samples were collected from 52 wells in Los Angeles County. Thirty-five of the wells were selected using a spatially distributed, randomized grid-based method to provide statistical representation of the study area (grid wells), and seventeen wells were selected to aid in the evaluation of specific water-quality issues or changes in water chemistry along a historic ground-water flow path (understanding wells). The ground-water samples were analyzed for a large number of synthetic organic constituents [volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides and pesticide degradates], constituents of special interest [perchlorate, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), 1,2,3-trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP), and 1,4-dioxane], naturally occurring inorganic constituents (nutrients, major and minor ions, and trace elements), radioactive constituents, and microbial indicators. Naturally occurring isotopes (tritium, and carbon-14, and stable isotopes of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon), and dissolved noble gases also were measured to help identify the source and age of the sampled ground water. Quality-control samples (blanks, replicates, samples for matrix spikes) were collected at approximately one-fifth (11 of 52) of the wells, and the results for these

  10. A correspondência de Simón Bolívar e sua presença na literatura: uma análise de O General em seu labirinto de Gabriel García Márquez Simon Bolivar's correspondence and its presence in literature: an analysis of The General in His Labyrinth by Gabriel Garcia Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana de Souza Fredrigo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Simón Bolívar, uma das lideranças mais importantes das independências na América do Sul de colonização espanhola, deixou um epistolário com 2815 cartas. Ao partir do propósito em expor o projeto narrativo epistolar, um dos temas de destaque, no decorrer da leitura, foi o da renúncia do general. As diversas solicitações de renúncia ao cargo administrativo e as justificativas que as acompanhavam levaram-me à análise do que denominei por memória da indispensabilidade. Depois da investigação desse discurso no epistolário, as relações com a literatura e a biografia foram fundamentais para ampliar a compreensão acerca da composição dessa memória da indispensabilidade nas epístolas. Para este artigo, pretende-se cotejar as cartas de Simón Bolívar e o romance de Gabriel García Márquez, O General em seu labirinto. A hipótese é a de que o texto literário, além de usar o epistolário bolivariano para construir seu personagem e a cena romanesca, acrescenta possibilidades explicativas sobre o projeto de memória conduzido pela escrita de cartas, na mesma medida em que reforça o culto ao general Libertador.Simon Bolivar, one of the most important South American leaders of independence within the areas of Spanish colonialism in South America, left behind an epistolary of 2815 letters. Our proposal starts off with the display of the narrative epistolary project and soon encounters one of its highlights in the course of the reading, which is the general's own resignation. The several requests of resignation from his administrative position, and the justifications that followed them had taken me to the analysis of what I called the memory of the indispensability. After investigating this speech in the epistolary, the relationship between literature and the biography had been fundamental in improving our understanding of the substance of this memory of the indispensability in the epistles. This article intends to compare Simon

  11. Imitation, opposition and innovation of social forms: Finitude and infinitude in Gabriel Tarde’s Social Laws Imitación, oposición e innovación de las formas sociales: Finitud e infinitud en Las Leyes Sociales de Gabriel Tarde

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    Tomás Sánchez-Criado

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    In this text I present a selection of fragments of the book ‘The social laws' by Gabriel Tarde (1843-1904, published originally in 1898 and translated into Spanish at the beginning of the 20th century. After a long time condemned to oblivion Gabriel Tarde has been reinvigorated in recent decades for the pantheon of social sciences, even reaching the point of becoming a very relevant author for Actor-Network Theory (no less than Bruno Latour has turned him into ‘ANT's ancestor'. However, I believe that the recuperation of Tarde's works could lead us to far more interesting discussions than a new mythic of ancestral figures. In this introduction I press for a more direct approach to Tarde's writings, something which might allow us to go beyond any presentist use of a historical figure to prop up a ready-made theory for mass-consumption. For this reason, I would like to propose to focus on Tarde's very own descriptions of the ‘laws' of social life, made out of -potentially infinitesimal- social forms which repeat and differentiate -something he refers as the processes of imitation, opposition and innovation-. In that vein, I would like to mention some contemporary critical appraisals of those formulations in terms of ‘laws' or Tarde's treatments of the scale of the social -where special attention is put on

  12. Lessons learned from an emergency release of a post-fire debris-flow hazard assessment for the 2009 Station fire, San Gabriel Mountains, southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, S. H.; Perry, S. C.; Staley, D. M.

    2010-12-01

    The 2009 Station fire burned through portions of the steep, rugged terrain of the San Gabriel Mountains in southern California with a known history of producing large magnitude debris flows following fires. In response to the emergency, the U.S. Geological Survey released an assessment of debris-flow hazards as maps showing estimates of the probability and volume of debris-flow production from 678 burned drainage basins, and the areas that may be inundated by debris flows. The assessment was based on statistical-empirical models developed from post-fire hydrologic-response monitoring data throughout southern California steeplands. The intent of the assessment was to provide state-of-the-art information about potential debris-flow impacts to the public, and quantitative data critical for mitigation, resource-deployment and evacuation decisions by land-management, city and county public-works and flood-control, and emergency-response agencies. Here, we describe a research scientist perspective of the hits and misses associated with the release of this information. Release of the assessment was accompanied by an extensive multi-agency public information campaign. Hazards information was provided to the media and presented at numerous well-attended public meetings organized by local politicians, homeowner and religious associations, city councils, and a multi-agency response team. Meetings targeted to specific ethnic and religious groups resulted in increased attendance by members of these groups. Even with the extensive information campaign, the public response to both mandatory and voluntary evacuation orders was low, and decreased with each sequential winter storm. Interviews with local residents indicated that the low compliance could be attributed to: 1) a lack of a personal understanding of just how dangerous and destructive debris flows can be, 2) inconsistent messaging from different agencies regarding potential magnitudes of a debris-flow response, 3) a poor

  13. MACROALGAS E QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA NA BACIA DO ALTO RIO NEGRO - MUNICÍPIO DE SÃO GABRIEL DA CACHOEIRA (AM.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domitila Pascoaloto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram investigadas as comunidades de macroalgas do rio Negro, no município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira. Em setembro/2007 foram visitados cinco sítios amostrais, próximos à sede da cidade; em Março/2008 foram investigados oito sítios amostrais, entre a comunidade Amium (hemisfério norte e a sede da cidade (hemisfério sul; em agosto de 2008 foram investigadas as comunidades de macroalgas e a qualidade da água do rio Negro e onze afluentes, entre os rios Içana (hemisfério norte e Marie, no hemisfério sul; em abril/2009 foram coletadas macroalgas e água no rio Negro e em igarapés de água com tonalidade vermelha, na sede da cidade; em maio/2009 foram feitas coletas de água no rio Negro entre a comunidade de Cucuí, onde o rio Negro entra no Brasil e a sede do município. As águas dos locais apresentaram características típicas de rio de “água preta”: pH ácido ( 6,0 mgO2/L. As entidades ecológicas de macroalgas observadas pertenceram aos gêneros Batrachospermum Roth (Batrachospermaceae, Rhodophyta; Microspora Thuret (Microsporaceae, Chorophyta, Oedogonium Link ex Hirn (Oedogoniaceae, Chorophyta; Oscillatoria Vaucher ex Gomont (Oscillatoriaceae, Cyanophyta; Phormidium Kützing ex Gomont (Phormidiaceae, Cyanophyta; Spirogyra Link (Zygnemaceae, Chlorophyta; Tabellaria Ehrenberge ex Kützing (Fragilariophyceae, Bacillariophyta. Na sede da cidade, a macroalga mais freqüente (50% dos registros foi Spirogyra spp.. Foram encontradas macroalgas com hábitos eplilíticos e efíticos Gametófitos de Batrachospermum spp. foram observados em três sítios amostrais (em troncos ou rochas em setembro/2007, período de águas mais baixas, porém não foram encontradas macroalgas nesses locais em março/2008, quando o rio estava mais cheio. No entanto, em agosto de 2008, quando o rio também estava em período de águas altas, foram observados, em fragmentos rochosos na orla da sede do município, filamentos férteis de Batrachospermum sp

  14. El General en su laberinto de Gabriel García Márquez y Conviene a los felices permanecer en casa de Andrés Hoyos: dos visiones de la Independencia de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Forero Quintero

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this essay is to compare the political perspectives put forward by two historical novels tackling the theme of Colombia’s Independence: El General en su laberinto (GL by Gabriel García Márquez, and Conviene a los felices permanecer en casa (CF by Andrés Hoyos. Each one of these books suggests two very different destinies for the Colombian nation in accordance with its nation-founding inspiration: the first one, seeking unity at any price with Bolivar’s image on the background, and the other one, that acknowledges the required fragmentation of the discourses and the value found in the version of the defeated. This way, these novels account for two visions of Colombia’s philosophy of history: one that depends on the wisdom of “important men” and the other that refers to partial discourses by social groups with vague objectives.

  15. A presença do animal na produção contística e cinematográfica de Gabriel García Márquez (saberes animais e bestiários)

    OpenAIRE

    Pacheco, Raysa Barbosa Corrêa Lima

    2016-01-01

    No contexto das pesquisas sobre a obra do colombiano Gabriel García Márquez, a presença do animal é pouco valorizada, ainda que seja perceptível sua importância no desenvolvimento de diversas narrativas do escritor. Por isso, a partir da apropriação da perspectiva indiciária de Carlo Ginzburg e da desconstrução de Jacques Derrida como referenciais teóricometodológicos, esta dissertação tem como objetivo analisar a presença do animal em três textos literários de Márquez: os cont...

  16. "Escrituras de lo virtual en la narrativa hispanoamericana del siglo XXI: la utopía aterradora en Edmundo Paz Soldán, Gabriel Peveroni y Andrés Neuman"

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    En este artículo me interesa señalar, a propósito de El delirio de Turing de Edmundo Paz Soldán, El exilio según Nicolás de Gabriel Peveroni, y La vida en las ventanas, de Andrés Neuman, el modo en que la narrativa latinoamericana reciente conecta con nuevos paisajes culturales que resultan análogos a los que dibuja la teoría cultural latinoamericanista desde los años noventa, paisajes en los que se conjugan la integración de los diferentes medios con la tematización de la transfo...

  17. El acto de habla de la diatriba de hablante femenino en un contexto matrimonial en crisis: el caso de Diatriba de amor contra un hombre sentado, de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    Dorde Cuvardic García

    2015-01-01

    El monólogo teatral siempre ha expresado las confesiones íntimas de sus hablantes. Es la función que también adquiere en Diatriba de amor contra un hombre sentado, la única obra teatral de Gabriel García Márquez y uno de los textos del autor colombiano que menor atención crítica ha recibido. El propósito del presente artículo es analizar este monólogo desde la pragmática literaria, entendiendo la diatriba como un acto de habla expresivo determinado por los papeles de sus protagonistas y por l...

  18. The impact of direct speech framing expressions on the narrative: a contrastive case study of Gabriel García Márquez’s Buen viaje, señor Presidente and its English translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jadwiga Linde-Usiekniewicz

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of direct speech framing expressions on the narrative: a contrastive case study of Gabriel García Márquez’s Buen viaje, señor Presidente and its English translation This paper discusses an application of Relevance Theory methodology to an analysis of a literary text: a short story of Gabriel García Márquez “Buen viaje, señor Presidente” and its English translation. “Close reading” technique carried out on rather linguistic than literary basis allows for adding yet another layer of interpretation to this complex story. The analysis concentrates on the representation of direct speech and particularly on the impact of direct speech framing clauses on the reading of dialogic turns. Specifically, it is argued that the explicit mention of the addressee by indirect object pronouns (which are optional in direct speech framing turns in Spanish makes the tension between the two protagonists even more palpable, therefore apparently courteous turns can be interpreted as defiant or otherwise antagonistic. In English similar role is played by the contrast between the absence of quotative inversion with subject pronouns and its presence when speakers are identified by full nominals. The parallel effect in both linguistic versions is traced to the distinction between linguistic items carrying mainly conceptual meaning (nominals and carrying mainly procedural meaning (pronouns and to the different ways these two kind of elements are processed in comprehension. The paper also provides some arguments for leaving aside literary considerations and treating a literary text as an act of ostensive communication.

  19. 2343-IJBCS-Article-Ngueguim Jules Roger

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    affinity with forest undergrowth such as: Tabernaemontana pachysiphon, T. crassa, Mallotus oppositifolius ..... in the under storey of pine plots is poor, this may result ... considerably limits the light that reaches the .... O'Hara K, Walters B 2006.

  20. El acto de habla de la diatriba de hablante femenino en un contexto matrimonial en crisis: el caso de Diatriba de amor contra un hombre sentado, de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorde Cuvardic García

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available El monólogo teatral siempre ha expresado las confesiones íntimas de sus hablantes. Es la función que también adquiere en Diatriba de amor contra un hombre sentado, la única obra teatral de Gabriel García Márquez y uno de los textos del autor colombiano que menor atención crítica ha recibido. El propósito del presente artículo es analizar este monólogo desde la pragmática literaria, entendiendo la diatriba como un acto de habla expresivo determinado por los papeles de sus protagonistas y por los específicos recursos enunciativos, temáticos y retóricos utilizados por el hablante. En el texto que nos ocupa, la diatriba es emitida por una esposa, en el marco de una crisis matrimonial. Como denuncia del machismo de la cultura patriarcal latinoamericana, se puede entender, en consecuencia, como una resemantización feminista de las tradicionales diatribas misóginas.

  1. Apocalipsis y literatura en Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo de Mario Vargas Llosa y Estrella distante de Roberto Bolaño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Luche

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study examines three novels of apocalyptic character, Cien años de soledad by Gabriel García Márquez, La guerra del fin del mundo by Mario Vargas Llosa and Estrella distante by Roberto Bolaño. Both in Cien años de soledad and in La guerra del fin del mundo apocalypse is related to the sudden and forced graft of modernity in a backward society and to the inability of the ruling class to understand the disturbing and devastating aspects of such a graft and, more generally, to understand themselves, their own development, their own history. Through the metaliterary component that characterizes them, Garcia Marquez’s and Vargas Llosa’ novels represent literature as an instrument that as memory, as a form of processing and understanding of history, can help to prevent the repetition of the apocalypse they narrate. In Bolaño’s novel, on the contrary, writers seem not to have any cognitive power anymore and their literature not only doesn’t play any salvific role, but rather becomes one of the elements that contributes to the historical catastrophe.

  2. ATV ahoy - final preparations for the first flight of Europe's Space Ferry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellwood, John; Clervoy, Jean-François; Castel, Frederic

    2007-05-01

    Jules Verne, the first of five Automated Transfer Vehicles (ATVs), stands on the brink of flight. Its inaugural mission, set for the second half of 2007, will conclude an extensive 3-year test campaign. During the coming crucial months, the programme faces three key objectives: prepare for flight, finetune the interfaces with the International Space Station and the ISS partners, and ready Ariane-5 for launching its largest payload to date.

  3. World Tour

    CERN Multimedia

    Tauxe,H

    H.C.Tauxe est Dr.ès lettres de l'Université de Lausanne et a enseigné la philosophie jusqu'en 1962. Ensuite il s'est tourné vers le journalisme, et dans ce cadre il a fait le voyage, qui sera le thème de sa conférence, en suivant ce qui a écrit Jules Verne.

  4. Diversidade de anfíbios anuros de uma área de Pampa no município de São Gabriel, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria R. Bolzan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Considerado um bioma ameaçado, o Pampa possui um dos menores percentuais de área legalmente protegida. Além disso, o conhecimento sobre comunidades de anuros neste bioma ainda é escasso. Nesse contexto, o objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a composição de anuros em uma área de Pampa no sul do Brasil. Entre janeiro de 2009 e fevereiro de 2010 foi realizado um inventário na Fundação Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuária do município de São Gabriel, Rio Grande do Sul. A procura dos exemplares foi realizada em poças permanentes, semi-permanentes e temporárias pelo método de levantamento em sítio de reprodução. Foram registradas 21 espécies pertencentes a cinco famílias, o que corresponde a aproximadamente 20% das espécies do estado e 42% das espécies conhecidas para a ecorregião Savana Uruguaia. Dez espécies foram consideradas frequentes, sete comuns e quatro foram raras. Foram registrados três modos reprodutivos, sendo que 57% das espécies utilizam o modo 1, que parece estar relacionado à homogeneidade da área. A análise de agrupamento comparando a composição de anuros de quatro localidades distintas mostrou maior similaridade com o município de Candiota (região da Campanha. As espécies presentes na área de estudo são associadas a formações campestres do estado e países vizinhos e podem ser consideradas típicas do bioma Pampa.

  5. Prevalência de parasitos intestinais e aspectos socioambientais em comunidade indígena no Distrito de Iauaretê, Município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira (AM, Brasil Prevalence of intestinal parasites and social-environmental aspects in an indigenous Community in the Iauaretê District, Municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira (State of Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Rios

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Situado em Terra Indígena do Alto Rio Negro, Iauaretê é o segundo maior pólo de concentração humana no município de São Gabriel da Cachoeira (AM e agrega dez vilas, com 15 etnias. Esse distrito indígena vem sofrendo processo de transformação progressiva de padrão de ocupação disperso e ribeirinho para núcleo com feições urbanas, com aproximadamente 2700 habitantes, desencadeando problemas de saúde pública. Com objetivo de investigar a distribuição de prevalências de parasitos intestinais na população local e discutir a relação desse indicador de saúde com aspectos socioambientais no distrito de Iauaretê, foram realizadas análises da qualidade da água de abastecimento e exames parasitológicos em amostras de fezes e solo. Do total de amostras de água analisadas, 89,2% apresentaram resultado positivo para coliformes termotolerantes. Identificou-se que a vila Dom Bosco foi a que apresentou maior índice de prevalência em amostras fecais com 76% dos indivíduos parasitados. A vila São José apresentou o menor índice com 56%. Os parasitos mais prevalentes em amostras fecais positivas foram, em ordem decrescente, Ascaris lumbricoides (64,84%, Entamoeba coli (32,58%, Endolimax nana (14,84% e Blastoyistis hominis (13,39%. Em amostras de solo as prevalências mais significativas foram de ovos de Ascaris sp (52,6%, cistos de Entamoeba coli (52,6% e larvas de ancilostomídeos (52,6%. Concluiu-se que os altos índices de parasitoses intestinais na população, aliados à falta de saneamento básico e à manutenção de práticas sanitárias tradicionais constituem um quadro preocupante em saúde pública.The Iauaretê District is the second largest human concentration centre in the municipality of São Gabriel da Cachoeira, state of Amazonas. Situated in Alto Rio Negro Indigenous Land, on the border between Brazil and Colombia, Iauaretê aggregates ten villages, encompassing 15 ethnic cultures. This indigenous district has

  6. Presentation of the Jules Horowitz reactor; Presentation du reacteur Jules Horowitz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dupuy, J.P. [AREVA-Technicatome, 13 - Aix en Provence (France); Perotto, G. [AREVA Framatome ANP, 92 - Paris La Defense (France); Ithurrald, G. [Electricite de France (EDF), 13 - Aix en Provence (France)

    2005-07-01

    The concepts on which the RJH reactor has been designed are: -) flexibility: the reactor must be able to give experimental support to any type of reactor (light water- heavy water- gas- or molten metal-cooled power reactor); -) adaptability: RJH's operating life will be over 50 years so the reactor will have to adjust to the experimental needs that may change a lot over a so long period; -) reactor operation: RJH is optimized to produce an availability time of 275 full charge equivalent days a year; and -) costs: the minimization of experiment costs is obtained through the integration in the same facility (or located nearby on the site) of the technical means required to perform a complete experimental program from the design of the irradiation device to its recovery after irradiation and to the examination or the possible testing of the samples. Transport costs and time delays are spared. This article gives the main features of the RJH facility from the description of the building to the specificities of the reactor core. (A.C.)

  7. Mundos del detenido-desaparecido. El sinsentido de la catástrofe : Reseña del libro: Gatti, Gabriel (2011). Identidades desaparecidas. Peleas por el sentido en los mundos de la desaparición forzada. Buenos Aires: Prometeo Libros

    OpenAIRE

    Ohanian, Marís Jazmín

    2013-01-01

    En este libro, Gabriel Gatti se propone dar cuenta, con un lenguaje claro y sensible, de distintos mecanismos y vehículos de construcción de identidad y sentido después del quiebre de los marcos interpretativos que trae consigo la figura del desaparecido. Su hipótesis principal es que la desaparición forzada es una catástrofe para la identidad y para el lenguaje, pero que existe un lugar para vivirla y es el “mundo del detenido-desaparecido”. En función de su objetivo de pensar distintas form...

  8. En la triste calma de tu sueño. Lectura de dos textos de Gabriel García Márquez: “El avión de la bella durmiente ” y Memoria de mis putas tristes

    OpenAIRE

    Poe Lang, Karen

    2014-01-01

    A lo largo de su vasta obra narrativa (cuento y novela) el escritor colombiano Gabriel García Márquez ha representado distintos tipos de amor. El propósito de esta ponencia es analizar el extraño tipo de amor que aparece en el relato “El avión de la bella durmiente” que pertenece al volumen 12 cuentos peregrinos (1992) y su versión posterior en la novela Memoria de mis putas tristes (2004). Se trata de una versión del amor por una mujer dormida que no responde a las demandas del amante y que,...

  9. RESEÑA BIBLIOGRÁFICA: Gabriel Tarde. Monadología y sociología. 2006 [1895] Editorial Cactus. Buenos Aires Emile Durkheim. El Suicidio. Estudio de sociología. 2006 [1897] Miño y Ávila editor. Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolando Silla

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Si la realización de un acto implica la anulación de otros mil posibles, con seguridad la realización de la sociología durkheiniana implicó la anulación de las potencialidades del proyecto de Gabriel Tarde. La reciente reedición de dos obras de estos precursores del pensamiento social tal vez contribuya para comenzar a pensar esas otras mil posibilidades que puede implicar desplegar las ideas, invenciones y potencialidades de ambos proyectos.

  10. Teatr im. Mossoveta - vernõi drug Tallintsev / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    5.-7. juulini toimuvad Estonia teatris Moskva Mossoveti-nim. Teatri külalisetendused. Mängitakse Juri Jerjomini lavastusi "Mees, naine ja armuke" (F. Dostojevski ja I. Turgenevi teoste põhjal) ja Tennessee Williamsi "Tramm nimega Iha". Tutvustavalt teatrist ja teatri varasematest külalisetendustest Tallinnas 1996, 1998 ja 2004

  11. 2404-IJBCS-Article-Dr Kanmegne Gabriel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    1Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 67 Dschang ... As a step in the process of Cola anomala domestication, investigations were undertaken on germination ..... with the concepts that membranes in.

  12. A catalisação do feminino no universo da ficção e da memória : em Cien Años de Soledad, El Amor en los Tiempos del Cólera e Vivir para Contarla, de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Maria Diniz

    2009-01-01

    O presente trabalho é um estudo da construção discursiva/perceptiva da personagem feminina nas obras ficcionais Cien años de soledad (1967) e El amor en los tiempos del cólera (1985), e na obra memorialística Vivir para contarla (2002), de Gabriel García Márquez. O estudo pretende demonstrar a tese de que o gênero se constitui como uma ficção que resulta da performance da linguagem, mediante a qual se engendra o feminino. Trata-se de um processo que se assenta na matéria e no verbo, constituí...

  13. A 3-day regimen with azithromycin 1.5% eyedrops for the treatment of purulent bacterial conjunctivitis in children: efficacy on clinical signs and impact on the burden of illness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bremond-Gignac D

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Dominique Bremond-Gignac,1,2 Riadh Messaoud,3 Sihem Lazreg,4 Claude Speeg-Schatz,5 Didier Renault,6 Frédéric Chiambaretta7,8 On behalf of the Azithromycin Pediatric Study Group 1Ophthalmology Department, Centre St Victor, University Hospital of Amiens, Picardie Jules Verne University, Amiens, France; 2CNRS FR3636, Paris V University, France; 3Ophthalmology Department, Tahar Sfar University Hospital, Mahdia, Tunisia; 4Dar El Beida, Blida, Algeria; 5Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France; 6Laboratoires THÉA, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 7Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Gabriel Montpied Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 8EA 7281 R2D2, Auvergne University, Clermont-Ferrand, France Purpose: To compare the efficacy of azithromycin 1.5% versus tobramycin 0.3% eyedrops on clinical ocular signs and symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis in children and to assess the parents’ satisfaction regarding the dosing regimen.Patients and methods: An international, multicenter, randomized, investigator-masked, controlled clinical trial conducted in children (1 day to 18 years old with bulbar conjunctival hyperemia and purulent discharge. Azithromycin 1.5% was administered as 1 drop twice daily for 3 days, and tobramycin 0.3% as 1 drop every 2 hours for 2 days, then 4 times daily for 5 days.Results: A total of 286 patients (mean age: 3.2 years were enrolled. In children with bacteriologically positive cultures (N=203, azithromycin produced a significantly greater improvement in conjunctival discharge (P<0.01 and a trend (P=0.054 toward improvement in conjunctival hyperemia at day 7 than did tobramycin. Complete resolution of conjunctival discharge was significantly more frequent at day 3 on azithromycin than tobramycin (P=0.005. More parents found azithromycin easier to use (in terms of treatment duration, total number of instillations, instilling drops during the day, and difficulty in

  14. An operational framework for equity in the 2015 agreement

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ngwadla, Xolisa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available /entries/justice- distributive/>. Coleman, Jules and Mendlow, Gabriel, "Theories of Tort Law", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =

  15. The astronomer Jules Janssen a globetrotter of celestial physics

    CERN Document Server

    Launay, Françoise

    2012-01-01

    Every aspect of the personality of Janssen (1824—1907) – that D’Artagnan of science, this bard of the Sun, and this audacious master builder – is covered here by Françoise Launay, his attentive and equally erudite biographer. A physicist, inventor and builder, Janssen was guided by his energy and curiosity. His research followed two directions: on the one hand the atmospheres of the Earth and the Sun, and on the other, two techniques: spectroscopy and photography. Among his numerous voyages across the globe, he went to Japan in 1874 to follow the transit of Venus in front of the Sun, the same year in which he invented his famous photographic revolver, which was, in truth, a great technical success. To observe the Sun during total eclipses he traveled to the Indies in 1868, to Oran in 1870 (escaping from besieged Paris by balloon!), returned to India in 1871, left for Siam in 1875 and, in 1883, for an island in the Pacific. One can thus understand why Henriette often complained of the solitude in whic...

  16. 1286-IJBCS-Article-André Jules Ibouda

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    1 Université de Ouagadougou, Centre de Recherche en Sciences Biologiques Alimentaires et Nutritionnelles ... des substituts d'autres protéines (œuf par ... grand nombre de structures différentes. ... Structure et organisation de la micelle de.

  17. Historical note: Jules Séglas on language in dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obler, L K; Albert, M L

    1985-03-01

    In his book Des troubles du language chez les aliénés (1892) Séglas applied the model of language processing of his teacher, Charcot, to analyze the language disorders of various groups of mentally ill, including patients considered to suffer from dementia. Among the language phenomena he described from dementia are logorrhea, neologisms, embolalia, near-mutism, angophrasia, automatic speech, alexia, and agraphia. Séglas must be credited for his early descriptions of how language behaviors cluster in various psychiatric and dementing diseases.

  18. Chronophotography: engineer of life: Etienne-Jules Marey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojmenović Dragan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The centre of the problem of understanding the process of movement control, incorporated in cognitive biomechanics, is theoretically determined by contemporary physiological and psychological studies, reflecting itself inevitably in cinematography. In this sense, hypothetical questions are imposed: What are the determinants of the relationship between the scientific study of the phenomenon of movement and film art? How to develop an analytical model of the body in motion diagram? What impact does a rapid movement in nature have on the development of cinematic expression? The analysis of locomotion, as a form of human biomechanical movement, leads to the construction of the necessary tool - the camera, implying the creation of scientific films, thereby raising the level of knowledge and observation of the phenomena of motion, transforming it into a contemporary aesthetical model of film art.

  19. 水电规划对四川宁南俱乐河流域两栖爬行动物的影响及对策%On Influence of Hydropower Planning on Amphibians and Reptiles in Ningnan County of Sichuan Jule River and its and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海涛

    2012-01-01

    A survey of amphibians and reptiles of Jule River in Ningnan County, Sichuaaa Province, owing to the recently State - approved hydropower planning, by using the line statistics and data on the basis of statistics and analy- sis, has been conducted. The results show, there exist 3 sections, 14 branches, and 26 species of amphibians and rep- tiles in this area, among which amphibians are 2 sections, 9 branches, and 14 species, and reptiles 1 section, 5branches, and 12 species, with the distribution of Indomalaya and its pattern of Himalaya - Hengduan Mountains. As to the eco - characteristics of amphibians, their distribution is balanced by classifying the eco - environments as run- ning water, still water, and lands including land - running water, land -still water) ; and forest land, shrubs, grasses and farmland for reptiles, and shrubs and grasses are the major. This paper forecasts the effects of hydropower planning to amphibians and reptiles in this area. outs forward relevant countermeasures.%四川宁南县俱乐河流域近期被国家批准进行水电规划,为此我们对该流域的两栖爬行动物作了专项调查。采用线路统计法,统计与分析采集的数据。结果表明,该流域共发现两栖爬行动物3目14科26种,其中两栖类动物有2目9科14种,爬行类动物1目5科12种;该流城内两栖爬行动物均为东洋界种类的分布,分布类型以喜马拉雅一横断山区型为主。根据流域两栖类栖息的生态特点,其生态环境划分为流水、静水、陆地(含陆地一流水、陆地一静水)等,分布的种类较为均衡;爬行类栖息的生态环境划分为林地、灌草丛、田地等,其中灌草丛生态类型是该流域爬行类主要的分布区域。该文预测分析了该流域水电规划对两栖爬行动物的影响,提出了相应的保护对策。

  20. Orbital Debris Quarterly News. Volume 13; No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liou, J.-C. (Editor); Shoots, Debi (Editor)

    2009-01-01

    Topics discussed include: new debris from a decommissioned satellite with a nuclear power source; debris from the destruction of the Fengyun-1C meteorological satellite; quantitative analysis of the European Space Agency's Automated Transfer Vehicle 'Jules Verne' reentry event; microsatellite impact tests; solar cycle 24 predictions and other long-term projections and geosynchronus (GEO) environment for the Orbital Debris Engineering Model (ORDEM2008). Abstracts from the NASA Orbital Debris Program Office, examining satellite reentry risk assessments and statistical issues for uncontrolled reentry hazards, are also included.

  1. Electrical futures past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gooday, Graeme J N

    2005-12-01

    Futurist writing about technology emerged in the late 19th century at the same time as new kinds of electrical technology were making utopian futures seem practically attainable. Electrical writers and novelists alike thus borrowed from the popular "science" fiction of Jules Verne, Edward Bellamy and others to try to create self-fulfilling prophecies of a future in which electrical gadgets and machines met all major practical needs of civilization. To the extent that many parts of our world are populated by the hardware that they forecast, they succeeded in their goal.

  2. Librarians are vicious monsters, but canalso recommend a good read : En analys av alternativa bibliotekarieframställningar iscience fiction-litteratur

    OpenAIRE

    Österman Solborg, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Uppsatsens syfte är att studera framställningar av manliga bibliotekarier i science fiction-litteratur, analysera vad dessa framställningar förmedlar för föreställningar om bibliotek och biblioteksverksamhet, samt att analysera de manliga bibliotekariernas koppling till maskuliniteter. Titlarna som analyseras är fyra romaner; Audrey Niffeneggers Tidsresenärens hustru, Dmitrij Gluchovskijs Metro 2033, Jules Vernes Paris i tjugonde seklet, och Jasper Ffordes Uppslukad – En fängslande historia o...

  3. The Culture Dimensions behind Magic---On literary views based on the novel of Gabriel Garc ía Marquez%“魔幻”背后的文化向度--马尔克斯文学观述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐希

    2014-01-01

    研究马尔克斯小说创作的审美趋向,首先应当了解作者在其代表性作品当中所蕴含的与西方批评家截然不同的审美观点以及这些文学观点是如何影响作者的创作实践的。把握和梳理马尔克斯魔幻现实主义创作表象背后的审美角度和认识趋向,有助于了解马尔克斯对现实主义创作方法的种种思考,特别是理解其作品当中所表现出来的被西方批评家视为“魔幻”的小说要素,认识马尔克斯的创作是如何源于现实基础上的艺术加工,即拉美批评家所认为的是生活的反映,而绝非现实的翻版,是艺术化了的生活。小说中神奇的故事情节并非“幻想”出来的东西,它来自拉美奇妙的神话故事传统和自然景观。看似离奇的鬼神故事,并不影响其作品当中的传统叙事。作者在作品中所表现出来的孤独感,是西方文化视野下的误解所造成的。%The author of this eassy attempts to explore aesthetic trend of novel creation of Gabriel Garc ía Marquez and how these artistic views affect his creative practice through understanding his representative works , which implies different aesthetic views in contrast with the western critics .Fully understanding aesthet-ic views and trend recognition , which lies behind the appearances of Gabriel Garc ía Marquez magic realism creation, contributes to different understandings and thinking modes of the author in realism creation ,especial-ly the main elements reflected in his magic novels which is regarded as the theme of his novel by western crit-ics.Also, the cognition of his creativity in his works reflected how the great works originated from realistic life , such as the reflection of real life instead of unrealisticand artistic copy of life .Magic plots in the novel aren ’ t“fantasy”,instead, they come from the Latin American magic fairy tales and natural landscapes .As a result, the seemingly bizarre

  4. Development and optimization of FJP tools and their practical verification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messelink, Wilhelmus A. C. M.; Waeger, Reto; Meeder, Mark; Looser, Herbert; Wons, Torsten; Heiniger, Kurt C.; Faehnle, Oliver W.

    2005-09-01

    This article presents the recent achievements with Jules Verne, a sub-aperture polishing technique closely related to Fluid Jet Polishing [1]. Whereas FJP typically applies a nozzle stand-off distance of millimeters to centimeters, JV uses a stand-off distance down to 50 μm. The objective is to generate a non-directional fluid flow parallel to the surface, which is specifically suited to reduce the surface roughness [2, 3]. Different characteristic Jules Verne nozzle geometries have been designed and numerically simulated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). To verify these simulations, the flow of fluid and particles of these nozzles has been visualized in a measurement setup developed specifically for this purpose. A simplified JV nozzle geometry is positioned in a measurement setup and the gap between tool and surface has been observed by an ICCD camera. In order to be able to visualize the motion of the abrasives, the particles have been coated with fluorescence. Furthermore, these nozzles have been manufactured and tested in a practical environment using a modified polishing machine. The results of these laboratory and practical tests are presented and discussed, demonstrating that the CFD simulations are in good agreement with the experiments. It was possible to qualitatively predict the material removal on the processed glass surface, due to the implementation of appropriate erosion models [4, 5] in the CFD software.

  5. Ka teist korda õigesti / Gabriel Szulanski, Sidney Winter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Szulanski, Gabriel

    2002-01-01

    Põhjustest, miks hästitoimiva ettevõtte taasloomine või kopeerimine ei õnnestu. Soovitusi juhtidele firma edukaks taasloomiseks. Lisad: Tegurid, mis takistavad firma kopeerimist; Starbucksi näide: kopeerimine ja kohandamine; Vähene tarkus on ohtlik

  6. Edificio Gabriel Miró - Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Ordóñez, Fernando M.

    1972-02-01

    Full Text Available The circular planform of this building was due to the shape of the site, the need to provide eight similar flats per floor (56 in all , the wish to have a single entrance and a vertical communication nucleus. The ground floor adapts itself precisely to the limitations of the site. The basement, also extending throughout the area of the site has a garage and various mechanical installations. The final result is original and highly functional.Debido a las características específicas del solar, a las imposiciones de programa —ocho viviendas similares por planta, con un total de cincuenta y seis— y el deseo de lograr un solo zaguán y un núcleo de comunicación vertical se ha adoptado esta forma circular, que no ha podido completarse a causa de la medianería. La planta baja se ciñe exactamente a la forma de la parcela. El sótano, que también ocupa la totalidad del solar, se destina a garaje y en su centro se dispone el cuarto de máquinas. El resultado es original y de gran funcionalidad.

  7. 301-IJBCS-Article-Prof Gabriel R Kassenga

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    ARU),. P. O. Box 35176 ... subsequent handling, transportation, and storage. Growth of microorganisms may occur via agencies such ... the long-term impact of waters of various chemical .... K (5 each), ammonia, bicarbonate and iron (2 each), and ...

  8. Bernard Grall, Économie de forces et production d’utilités. L’émergence du calcul économique chez les ingénieurs des Ponts et Chaussées (1831-1891, manuscrit révisé et commenté par François Vatin, Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2004, 28 euros.Jean-Pascal Simonin, François Vatin (dir., L’œuvre multiple de Jules Dupuit (1804-1866. Calcul d’ingénieur, analyse économique et pensée sociale, Angers, Presses universitaires d’Angers, 2002, 15,25 euros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Crépel

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Jules Dupuit, dont on commémore le bicentenaire en 2004, est la figure centrale de ces deux ouvrages : comme personnage étudié en tant que tel sous de multiples facettes, dans le second ; aux côtés de nombre de ses collègues de l’École des ponts et chaussées, dans le premier. Dans l’un et l’autre cas, les auteurs se penchent sur les interactions entre les activités concrètes de l’ingénieur et la construction de ses théories économiques, leurs formalisations au XIXe siècle. Les liens entre méc...

  9. Legio Vernácula, ¿Iusta Legió?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel ROLDÁN HERVÁS

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Según los puntos de vista de la moderna investigación se está casi unánimemente de acuerdo en que, durante la tardía república y gran parte del Alto Imperio, se cumple el principio de que las legiones han de estar formadas necesariamente por ciudadanos romanos. Este principio es el resultado final de una larga evolución que comienza a partir del siglo IV a. de C. y que se gesta al compás de la preponderancia que toma la ciudad del Tiber en el Mediterráneo. Durante la misma, en el sencillo y esquemático ejército ciudadano del siglo V a. de C. se habían ido incluyendo paulatinamente elementos de distintas procedencias: primero, las ciudades latinas; luego, los pueblos itálicos; finalmente, los subditos de las provincias que la política de expansión imperialista, abierta en las guerras púnicas y continuada sin unas claras metas fijas a lo largo de los siglos II y I a. de C, había ido ganando a lo largo de las costas del Mediterráneo. Esta inclusión no se realizó en pie de igualdad. Frente a las formaciones de infantería pesada, las legiones, que constituyen el núcleo decisivo táctico, se alinean contingentes de caballería e infantería ligera, las alae, divididas en un impreciso número de cohortes, cuya misión en el combate se reduce a la secundaria tarea de abrir el fuego y apoyar el ataque de los elementos ciudadanos legionarios. En correspondencia con estos distintos papeles, las legiones están reservadas a los ciudadanos romanos; en los auxilia, en cambio, se incluyen el resto de los elementos ligados a Roma como aliados o subditos. Circunstancias políticas de una parte, y evolución de la técnica militar, de otra, ayudarán a perfilar este esquema hasta llegar a la forma eficaz con que lo encontramos a finales de la república. De un lado, una vez que las leges lulia y Vlautia-Papiria de 89 pusieron término a los graves disturbios que sacudieron a la península Itálica a finales de la década del 90, se abren al elemento itálico, a lo que les da derecho su nueva categoría de ciudadanos, dejando con ello de servir entre los efectivos auxiliares. Estos se nutrirán a partir de este momento sólo de los subditos provinciales peregrinos, encuadrados, tras la serie de experiencias bélicas del siglo I a. de C, en unidades de caballería e infantería ligera, designadas respectivamente con los nombres de alae, subdivididas en turmae, y cohortes.

  10. Vernõi rõtsar nevernoi professii / Kirill Lavrov ; interv. Ella Agranovskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lavrov, Kirill

    2006-01-01

    Peadselt saab Tallinnas Georgi Tovstonogovi nim. Suure Draamateatri esituses näha Ronald Harwoodi "Kvartetti", kus osalevad vene näitlejad Alissa Freindlihh, Kirill Lavrov, Oleg Basilashvili ja Zinaida Sharko. Telefoniintervjuu andis teatri peanäitejuht Kirill Lavrov

  11. The mystery of the seven spheres how homo sapiens will conquer space

    CERN Document Server

    Bignami, Giovanni F

    2015-01-01

    In this book, Giovanni Bignami, the outstanding Italian scientist and astronomer, takes the reader on a journey through the “seven spheres”, from our own planet to neighboring stars. The author offers a gripping account of the evolution of Homo Sapiens to the stage where our species is developing capabilities, in the form of new energy propulsion systems, that will enable us to conquer space. The reader will learn how we first expanded our activities to reach beyond our planet, to the Moon, and how nuclear energy, nuclear fusion, and matter–antimatter annihilation will enable us to extend our exploration. After Mars and Jupiter we shall finally reach the nearest stars, which we now know are surrounded by numerous planets, some of which are bound to be habitable. The book includes enticing descriptions of such newly discovered planets and also brings alive key historical characters in our story, such as Jules Verne and Werner von Braun.

  12. Review and Assessment of ATV Observation Data for Events Characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazoue, Franck; Beck, James; Reynier, Philippe

    2011-02-01

    For investigating ATV re-entry, observation airborne campaigns have been carried out at the end of the mission to ISS of Jules Verne ATV. The observations of re-entry have highlighted that the in-flight scenario was quite different to the nominal one, since two explosions occurred during the flight. In this paper, the data gathered during the observations have been analysed in the perspective of the explosion analysis. The potential explosive elements present on board have been studied and the explosion products identified. To identify the possible scenario that led to the vehicle explosion the list of explosion products has been compared with the radiators put in evidence in the spectra obtained by spectroscopy during the flight. Finally, the most reliable scenario has been identified and the power available for explosion evaluated. This shows that non negligible delta V could have been produced by the explosion.

  13. Preliminary study of disc hydrodynamic polishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Lin, Bin; Zhang, XiaoFeng; Liu, PengFei

    2016-10-01

    In this paper, a developed polishing method based on elastic emission machining and Jules Verne-a variation on fluid jet polishing-is presented. This method is named disc hydrodynamic polishing (DHDP). A computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based model that consists of a CFD model and an erosion model is introduced to predict the surface roughness obtained by DHDP. The performance of DHDP is studied by experiments. The slurry used in the experiments comprises 95% deionized water and 5% cerium oxide particles. Fused-silica glass is chosen as the workpiece. After the experiments, an ultrasmooth surface without cracks is obtained. The simulation results principally coincide with the experimental results. The experimental results show that the actual roughness is slightly less than the prediction and smaller particles are more favorable for obtaining a better surface roughness.

  14. Airborne re-entry observation experiment SLIT: UV spectroscopy during STARDUST and ATV1 re-entry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löhle, Stefan; Wernitz, Ricarda; Herdrich, Georg; Fertig, Markus; Röser, Hans-Peter; Ritter, Heiko

    2011-09-01

    Emission spectra during re-entry have been measured in 2006 for the STARDUST capsule and in 2008 for the ATV1 "Jules Verne" re-entry. This paper summarizes the approach to design the airborne UV spectroscopic setup and its modifications with respect to the missions. For the STARDUST mission, results of data analysis of data presented in 2008 are given while for the ATV1 observation first spectra of the main disruption are exemplary presented. The surface radiation during the STARDUST re-entry is used to estimate convective and radiative heat flux using different analytical models. A first look at the spectroscopic footprint of ATV1 shows that during the first explosive event, a severe break-up of the main ATV1 structure occurs. However, a correlation with an explosion of fuel could not be observed.

  15. Assessment of the ATV-1 Re-Entry Observation Campaign for Future Re-Entry Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lips, T.; Lohle, S.; Marynowsky, T.; Rees, D.; Stenbeak-Nielsen, H. C.; Beks, M. L.; Hatton, J.

    2010-09-01

    This paper summarizes the midterm results of the currently ongoing ESA study “Assessment of the ATV-1 Reentry Observation Campaign for Future Re-entry Missions”. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the data obtained during a joint ESA/NASA airborne observation campaign of the destructive re-entry of ATV-1 Jules Verne which occurred on September 29, 2008. The presented results are focused on spectroscopic fragment characterization(material identification), frame-by-frame fragment tracking(manual and automatic) for various video recordings, 3D triangulation of the tracked fragments, and fragment propagation until complete demise or ground impact, including the actual size and location of the ATV-1 debris footprint. Fragment propagation analyses comprise also the derivation of aerodynamic fragment properties and potential delta velocities. These parameters are of high importance for the re-entry safety analysis for ATV-2 Johannes Kepler.

  16. ANITA: The European Technology Demonstrator for Trace Gas Monitoring in the International Space Station Atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Gijsbert; Mosebach, Herbert; Honne, Atle

    2005-12-01

    The accumulation of toxic or otherwise harmful trace gases in a spacecraft cabin is a very serious concern in terms of health and safety of the crew. Much progress has been made in developing techniques for monitoring the air quality on board and in near-real-time. The technique developed in Europe has reached the state of an in-flight technology demonstrator. ANITA (Analysing Interferometer for Ambient Air) is based on FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-Red) Spectrometry. ANITA is calibrated to identify and quantify quasi online more than 30 contaminants at low ppm (part per million) or sub-ppm detection limits.ANITA is a European Space Agency (ESA) - National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) cooperative programme.ANITA will be launched with Jules Verne, the maiden flight of the Automatic Transfer Vehicle (ATV) currently scheduled for June 2007.

  17. The flight experiment ANITA—a high performance air analyser for manned space cabins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuffler, T.; Mosebach, H.; Kampf, D.; Honne, A.; Tan, G.

    2004-08-01

    Analysing Interferometer for Ambient Air (ANITA) is a flight experiment as precursor for a permanent continuous trace gas monitoring system on the International Space Station (ISS). For over 10 years, under various ESA contracts the flight experiment was defined, designed, breadboarded and set up. For the safety of the crew, ANITA can detect and quantify quasi on-line and simultaneously 32 trace gases with ppm or sub-ppm detection limits. The self-standing measurement system is based on Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) technology. The system represents a versatile air monitor allowing for the first time the detection and monitoring of trace gas dynamics of a spacecraft atmosphere. It is envisaged to accommodate ANITA in a Destiny (US LAB) Express Rack on the ISS. The transportation to the ISS is planned with the first ATV 'Jules Verne'. The options are either the Space Shuttle or the Automated Transfer Vehicle.

  18. Long Range Validation of ATV-ISS Rendez-Vous and Docking Using EPOSx

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreutelkamp, E.

    2008-08-01

    On April 3 at 16:40, Jules Verne, the first of a series at least 5 Automated Transfer Vehicles (ATV) docked successfully and safely at the International Space Station (ISS). This paper describes the very large test facility that was needed to perform the validation of the Rendez Vous and Docking (RVD) of this safety critical process. It describes the facility in detail as well as the Hardware and Software mechanisms needed to perform these tests at such a large scale while still meeting the high accuracy and safety requirements for the docking procedures. Furthermore it describes the environmental conditions needed to be such that the real flight hardware could be used without risk. The paper also tries to answer the question if designing such a large test facility so late into the ATV development process was a wise decision and if all that effort paid off in the end.

  19. Man and the moon—The history of lunar exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, George E.

    This paper delineates historical events and publications representing the human desire for exploring the Moon. Astronomers such as J. Kepler and H. Pickering were early promotors of the idea to reach out for the Moon. Many writers (Lucian, Goodwin, Cyrano de Bergerac, Jules Verne, H. G. Wells) were fascinated by the possibility of travel to the Moon. The beginning of the space age in 1957 saw early attempts to place a man-made object on the surface of the Moon, which succeeded in September 1959. Soft landers provided the first hard information on the lunar surface in the years 1966 -1968 to be followed by six manned landings in the years 1969-1972 providing a wealth of data of our neighbouring planet. Very little has happened in the years thereafter. The time has come to return to the Moon first with unmanned polar satellites to be followed by man to stay there for good.

  20. The body's tailored suit: Skin as a mechanical interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tissot, Floriane S; Boulter, Etienne; Estrach, Soline; Féral, Chloé C

    2016-11-01

    Skin, by nature, is very similar to the Rouquayrol-Denayrouze suit mentioned by Jules Verne in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea: it allows "to risk (…) new physiological conditions without suffering any organic disorder". Mechanical cues, to the same extent as other environmental parameters, are such "new physiological conditions". Indeed, skin's primary function is to form a protective barrier to shield inner tissues from the external environment. This requires unique mechanical properties as well as the ability to sense mechanical cues from the environment in order to prevent or repair mechanical damages as well as to function as the primary mechanosensory interface of the whole body. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  1. The flight experiment ANITA--a high performance air analyser for manned space cabins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuffler, T; Mosebach, H; Kampf, D; Honne, A; Tan, G

    2004-01-01

    Analysing Interferometer for Ambient Air (ANITA) is a flight experiment as precursor for a permanent continuous trace gas monitoring system on the International Space Station (ISS). For over 10 years, under various ESA contracts the flight experiment was defined, designed, breadboarded and set up. For the safety of the crew, ANITA can detect and quantify quasi on-line and simultaneously 32 trace gases with ppm or sub-ppm detection limits. The self-standing measurement system is based on Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) technology. The system represents a versatile air monitor allowing for the first time the detection and monitoring of trace gas dynamics of a spacecraft atmosphere. It is envisaged to accommodate ANITA in a Destiny (US LAB) Express Rack on the ISS. The transportation to the ISS is planned with the first ATV 'Jules Verne'. The options are either the Space Shuttle or the Automated Transfer Vehicle. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. The Brick Moon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Science fiction writers, like Jules Verne in France and Edward Everett Hale in America, had discovered one of the most vital elements in the formula for space travel-a fertile imagination. The first known proposal for a marned-satellite appears in a story by Hale entitled 'The Brick Moon' published in 1899. The story involved a group of young Bostonians who planned to put an artificial satellite into polar orbit for sailors to use to determine longitude accurately and easily. They planned to send a brick satellite into orbit because the satellite would have to withstand fire very well. The Satellite's 37 inhabitants signaled the Earth in morse code by jumping up and down on the outside of the satellite.

  3. The Brick Moon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Science fiction writers, like Jules Verne in France and Edward Everett Hale in America, had discovered one of the most vital elements in the formula for space travel-a fertile imagination. The first known proposal for a marned-satellite appears in a story by Hale entitled 'The Brick Moon' published in 1899. The story involved a group of young Bostonians who planned to put an artificial satellite into polar orbit for sailors to use to determine longitude accurately and easily. They planned to send a brick satellite into orbit because the satellite would have to withstand fire very well. The Satellite's 37 inhabitants signaled the Earth in morse code by jumping up and down on the outside of the satellite.

  4. La Fortification de Troyes en Champagne. Un grand chantier urbain Fin XVe–première moitié du XVIe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brice Collet

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Composition du JuryMonsieur Patrick Boucheron, maître de conférence à l’Université de Paris I,Madame Odette Chapelot, maître de conférence à l’ÉHESS,Monsieur Jean Chapelot, directeur de recherche au CNRS (directeur de la thèse,Monsieur Nicolas Faucherre, professeur à l’Université de Nantes,Monsieur Etienne Hamon, professeur à l’Université de Picardie–Jules Verne,Monsieur Pierre Monnet, directeur d’études à l’ÉHESS.Thèse soutenue le 16 décembre 2010RésuméIl ne reste actuellement plus rien ou ...

  5. Human Flight Batteries NI-CD/LI-MNO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagattu, Benoit; Granger, Jean-Francois

    2011-10-01

    The ATV, as European space tug for the International Space Station, can be truly considered as a manned platform, when it comes to safety requirements. On board batteries have to comply with stringent requirements and insure a fully safe operation all along the mission. Though,ATV batteries manufacturer designed developed and supplied all onboard primary and rechargeable batteries required for the ATV Jules Verne. The batteries for future ATV missions will be supplied until 2015 within the framework of a long-term contract with the ATV manufacturer. Use of primary lithium batteries (Li-MnO2) for collision avoidance and de-orbitation offer a particular advantage for spacecraft as their high specific energy helps reducing the overall weight. They also comply with safety qualifications for manned flight missions. 100 minutes after lift-off, the ATV became a fully automated spacecraft navigating towards the ISS. During this phase, its main power is derived from four large solar wings with backup provided by four nickel- cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries. Once docked, the Ni-Cd batteries will continue to provide power for the ATV for about 30 minutes (the approximate duration solar panels are eclipsed by the Earth's shadow) each 90-minute orbit. Ni-Cd batteries offer a particularly robust and reliable solution for this application, with a spaceflight heritage that goes back over 40 years. This paper outlines how Ni-Cd and Li-MnO2 batteries performed during flight operations of Jules Verne spacecraft and how they met performances predictions through lift off, orbital flight and atmosphere reentry.

  6. Post-Flight Analysis of Dynamic Data Acquired During the ATV-2 Johannes Kepler Launch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meitzner, R.; Abdoly, K.; Newerla, A.

    2012-07-01

    An in-flight data acquisition system called TeleMesure Autonome (TMA) has been implemented on ATV-1 Jules Verne (launched in March 2008) and ATV-2 Johannes Kepler (launched in February 2011). The TMA served the main objective to measure dynamic responses on the ATV spacecraft for comparison with coupled load analysis predictions and to verify that the ATV mechanical flight environment has been sufficiently covered by the respective ATV design specifications. The acquired flight data included low frequency sinusoidal, random vibration and shock measurements. Whereas the TMA on ATV-1 Jules Verne failed to properly work after 17 seconds after liftoff the improved TMA on ATV-2 Johannes Kepler performed its tasks successfully for all flight phases. The flight data have been subsequently evaluated by the ATV prime contractor Astrium. As first step of the performed analyses a correction of the acquired data was necessary to remove any artificial content (spikes, mean truncation, offset correction) followed by a visual inspection of the corrected data to ensure data quality. Then standard post processing methods were applied to the data consisting of generating equivalent sinusoidal responses and transfer functions for the low frequency data, power spectral densities for the random data and shock responses for the high frequency shock data. Although it was noted that the quality of the data was limited by the available transmission bandwidth and the amplitude resolution of the data acquisition system the implementation of the TMA on ATV-2 Johannes Kepler has nevertheless turned out successful and valuable data have been acquired for all relevant flight phases.

  7. Por la liberación del niño... Jules Vallès

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela SAN MIGUEL

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Discutible es, sin duda, el valor literario intrínseco de la «novela negra» de finales del XVIII, que a menudo hacía de los niños protagonistas de terroríficos relatos, increíbles y absurdamente encadenados. Baste citar como ejemplos «Victor ou l'enfant de la forêt» y «Coeline ou l'enfant du mystère». Sin embargo es indiscutible la influencia que sobre los escritores franceses del XIX ejerció este género menor, que no solo leyó con fruición un gran novelista como Mérimée, sino que sirvió de fuente de inspiración al «monstruo» de las letras francesas y gran héroe nacional, el gran Hugo, en alguno de sus primeros ensayos novelísticos: «Bug-Jargal» y «Hans d'Islande».

  8. Jules Horowitz Reactor Project- Fuel irradiation device, innovative instrumentation proposal for experimental phenomena real time measurement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaillot, Stephane; Cheymol, Guy [CEA, Paris (France)

    2013-07-01

    The fuel irradiation devices used for the tests or rods allow reproducing at small scales the conditions of the studied nuclear reactors (as LWR type). During the irradiation phase, the tested fuel rod can be stressed due to thermal, mechanical, nuclear effects which can modify its geometry (dilatation, swelling effects). After the test, the return to normal conditions can have as consequence the disappearance of the phenomenon or give access to partial information (final deformation). Generally, to follow the phenomena related to the irradiation phase, the experimental rod contained in the test device is instrumented with thermocouples and LVDT. As complement of this instrumentation, new sensors using innovating technologies are studied (deformation sensor integrating optical fibres). Through the example of a fuel irradiation device foreseen for the JHR, this paper aims to describe the present development of an innovating instrumentation with the objective to measure, in real time and under flux, the fuel rod deformation phenomena during a ramp test.

  9. The role of history in teaching science — A case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrick, Robert M.

    1992-06-01

    One of the most interesting aspects of late-nineteenth-century France was the extraordinary interest the public expressed in science. Its adulation of Pasteur was only one of the many manifestations of this interest. It was also expressed in the widespread popularity of scientists as public figures and in the increasing public and private financial support of science. While popularity of science was created in the general public by fiction and by the various international ‘world fairs’ held in Paris, it was strongest and most important in the middle classes. This paper examines one of the key methods used to stimulate bourgeois interest in science in France during the Second Empire and early Third Republic (1852 1895): the campaign to create a science vulgarisée, a popularized science. While a number of different approaches used by these popularizers are examined, the article concentrates on the ‘science writings’ of Jules Michelet and Jules Verne, both of whom were immensely successful in creating a favorable climate of opinion for French science. The article concludes by suggesting how such an approach could be modernized and utilized in order to create greater scientific literacy and a similar acceptance by the public today.

  10. El diseño de tipos vernáculos en Brasil y las tecnologías digitales

    OpenAIRE

    Lena Farias, Priscila

    2012-01-01

    El diseño de tipos es una actividad relativamente nueva en Brasil. Su práctica se ha incrementado desde finales de 1980, como resultado de la difusión de las tecnologías digitales. De manera paralela al fenómeno de creación tipográfica, se desarrolló en el diseño gráfico una tendencia que se caracteriza por la incorporación de formas y estilos inspirados en objetos y prácticas populares, manifestaciones gráficas previas al surgimiento de las modernas escuelas de diseño; esta tendencia se ha d...

  11. Literatura de explorações e aventuras: as "viagens extraordinárias" de Júlio Verne

    OpenAIRE

    Amorim Filho, Oswaldo Bueno

    2008-01-01

    O forte desenvolvimento dos estudos humanistas-culturais, na geografia mundial, nas últimas décadas facilitou um novo florescimento de uma antiga colaboração entre geografia e literatura. O presente ensaio introdutório busca resgatar uma das manifestações literárias mais próximas da geografia, ou seja, a "literatura de viagens, explorações e aventuras". Esta literatura teve seu apogeu na Europa do século XIX, especialmente na Alemanha, no Reino Unido e na França. Neste último país, o escritor...

  12. Imágenes del autor en la literatura vernácula medieval: el caso de la narrativa anglonormanda

    OpenAIRE

    Dumas, María

    2015-01-01

    El surgimiento del autor suele considerarse una innovación del Renacimiento, particularmente, de Francesco Petrarca, quien, a diferencia de la mayoría de los poetas medievales, busca inscribirse de manera recurrente qua individuo en su obra. La distanci

  13. Cancillería castellana y lengua vernácula : su proceso de consolidación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Ostos Salcedo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La utilización de la lengua romance en la cancillería regia castellana fue resultado de un paulatino proceso que puede rastrearse a través de los numerosos documentos conservados y en los que se aprecia cómo se fue imponiendo al latín en función del contenido de los documentos y de su tipología. Los primeros indicios claros se detectan en la última etapa del reinado de Alfonso VIII, es decir, a finales del siglo XII y primeros años de la centuria siguiente. Su avance es incontestable en la época de Fernando III y en especial a partir de 1230. El triunfo del castellano en la documentación real — también notarial— se produce en la segunda mitad del siglo XIII, en el decisivo reinado de Alfonso X.The use of the Romance language in the Castilian royal Chancellory was the result of a progressive process tracked through many documents preserved, and in which it is observed how it was imposing to the latin, according to the documents contents and their typology. The first clear signs are detected during the last years of the kingdom of Alphonse VII, that is to say, at the end of the 12th century, and during the first years of the following century. Its advance is unquestionable during Ferdinand III, and specially since 1230. The success of the Castilian language in the royal documentation —also in the notarial— happens in the second half of the 13th century, during the decisive kingdom of Alphonse X.

  14. Archaeological Investigations at the San Gabriel Reservoir Districts, Central Texas. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    A-4 North Fork Granger Cyperaceae ( Sedge fami ly) cont. Cyperus uniflorus T. A N. (otneflower flatsedge) W.S U Cyju a. Eleocharis eiacrostachys...Cypracaae ( Sedge family) Cars% aa~hibolo Steud. (amphibious sedges ) W Cares cherokeensis Schwein. (Cherokee sedge ) W 11Carex microdonta T. a H...littletooth sedge ) U.S W fAM m stL~achysi~ Kunz*. (dAdar sedge ) S rymerus aicii1ontus L. (yellow nut-grass) W Cynerus odoretus L. (fragrant flatsedge) W W 7

  15. Fates Intertwining, Cultures Connection. Impact of Delaunay Couple Research Activity on Gabriel Guevrekian’s Oeuvre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. Zabelina

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with an avant-garde trend simultaneism, which primarily emerged in painting, then developed in textile painting, clothes design and cinematography. The article attempts to interpret simultaneism theoretically as a holistic phenomenon and determine its place in the art of the XX century. Certain displays of simultaneism trend in painting and textile design have been studied well. But special displays of simultaneism in cinematography and architecture have been studied insufficiently. This fact prevents interpreting simultaneism as a holistic phenomenon. To study the impact of simultaneism on landscape architecture, the article uses such scientific methods as stylistic-formal analysis and comparative analysis. The article discloses principles of simultaneism, the trend, which originates at the intersection of art and science, traces the impact of Robert and Sonia Delaunay research activities on Guevrekian’s creative concept. The author introduces for the scientific use some sources, unknown to the domestic study of art.

  16. Narrazioni di narrazioni: orientamento narrativo e progetto di vita (Federico Batini, Gabriel Del Sarto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Ladogana

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Il volume, denso di contenuti e ricco di riferimenti teorici, traccia con chiarezza le sue linee di sviluppo ed apre alla riflessione, anche pedagogica, sull’esigenza di recuperare la dimensione narrativa e autobiografica per la realizzazione di una pratica orientativa che guidi e sostenga il soggetto in orientamento verso la riscoperta e ricostruzione del proprio progetto di vita.

  17. The Ministering Community as Context for Religious Education: A Case Study of St. Gabriel's Catholic Parish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Barbara J

    2006-01-01

    Based on interviews and surveys of two groups of lay pastoral leaders at one predominantly African-American Catholic Parish, this qualitative study explores the "learning organization" dynamics of the congregation based Peter Senge's (1990) description of the five disciplines of learning organizations (personal mastery, shared vision,…

  18. Archaeological Investigations at the San Gabriel Reservoir Districts, Central Texas. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    area include pecan (CaUa illinoensis ), hackberry (Celtis reticulata), walnut (Juglans ar, willow (Salix spp.), and elm (Ulmus alta). The most common...remains recovered from Feature 6 include acorn fragments and possibly some pecan nutshell ( Carya sp.). However, the identification of pecan is tentative...was used to roast acorns (Quercus sp.), walnuts (Juglans sp.), and pecans ( Carya sp.). Since these nuts are available at app-,1ximately the same time

  19. La metafísica de la esperanza y del deseo en Gabriel Marcel

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    La esperanza no [pertenece] a la agresividad ni de la certidumbre ni de la duda, en cuanto que la una como la otra hunden sus raíces en los recursos del propio yo, del "moi obturateur". La esperanza, al contrario, es una afirmación (intrépida, infantil), o una "assurance prophetique", que saca sus fuerzas de la comunión interpersonal. "Afirmación" es el término que emplea Marcel preferentemente para referirse al mundo del ser, del misterio, o —como en este caso— de la esperanza.

  20. Archaeological Investigations at the San Gabriel Reservoir Districts Central Texas. Volume I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    quantities of leaf litter mix in the upper oortions of the solum where deciduous trees cover the slopes. The soils are well- drained and are moderately...34 association of scrub live oak ( Quercus virginiana var. fusiformus) and post cedar (Juniperus ashei). Although all of the upland areas surveyed have undergone...Analysis of Sediments from Archaeological Sites - Douglas R. Connor 15-19 15.6 Invertebrate Faunal Analysis - Richard and Kate Fullington 15-33 15.7

  1. Gabriel García Márquez-Alvaro Mutis: lecturas convergentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta semana empieza a circular un libro que no está escrito ni en prosa ni en verso, que no se parece, por su originalidad, a ninguno de los libros en prosa o en verso escritos por colombianos. Está lleno de una poesía cruda, en ocasiones desolada, y tiene un título aterrador: Los elementos del desastre.

  2. Gabriel Tarde e as ciências sociais francesas: afinidades eletivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Cristina Consolim

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga os fatores que contribuíram para a ascensão intelectual de Tarde nos anos 1890, tendo-se em conta o fato de que o autor não tinha as credenciais acadêmicas necessárias para a carreira universitária. Procuro mostrar que Tarde conquistou prestígio junto a instâncias do poder intelectual e político contrárias à crescente autonomia da universidade e das ciências sociais. Os grupos pertencentes ao pólo pedagógico e ao pólo técnico-profissional ainda eram hegemônicos nos anos 1890, mas passaram a disputar com Durkheim a definição legítima das novas disciplinas. Como parte de uma estratégia estamental, esses grupos elegeram a psicologia social de Tarde como instrumento de combate, autor que correspondeu às expectativas e acumulou capital social nas mais diversas instâncias intelectuais e políticas, sendo por isso amplamente recompensado.This article investigates the factors that contributed to the intellectual ascension of Tarde during the 1890's. Taking into account the fact that the author lacked the necessary academic credentials for a university career, I seek to show that Tarde obtained prestige among circles of intellectual and political power that were contrary to the growing autonomy of the university and the social sciences. Groups affiliated to the pedagogic pole and the technical-professional pole were still hegemonic in the 1890's, but they began to contend with Durkheim for the legitimate definition of the new disciplines. As part of a strategy of maintaining hierarchy, these groups elected the social psychology of Tarde as an instrument for combat. The author lived up to expectations and accumulated social capital in diverse intellectual and political fields, being thereby amply rewarded.

  3. Aluseks olgu liiduvabariigi suveräänsus / Jusef Livšits, Gabriel Hazak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Livšits, Jusef, 1932-

    1988-01-01

    NSV Liidu konstitutsiooni muudatuste ja täienduste seaduseelnõust. Ilmunud ka vene keeles: Исходить из суверенитета союзной республики // Эстония : нет проекту Закона об изменениях и дополнениях Конституции СССР : [сборник]. Таллинн, 1988. Lk. 33-36

  4. Archaeological Investigations at the San Gabriel Reservoir Districts, Central Texas. Volume 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    the cemento -enamel junction and this caused numerous abscesses. 1-12 This skeleton is one of the more delicate females, and she was in advanced middle...roots instead of the usual two. An enamel pearl was noted at the cemento -enamel junction on the lingual side of a left maxillary third molar. Individual

  5. Participation, equality of opportunity and returns to tertiary education in contemporary Europe / Fabrizio Bernardi, Gabriele Ballarino

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bernardi, Fabrizio

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse kõrghariduspoliitikat Euroopas, täpsemalt võrdsete haridusvõimaluste edendamist ning tööjõu pakkumise ja nõudluse arendamist, aluseks 2005. aasta EU-SILC ja 23 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmeid aastatest 2002-2010

  6. Participation, equality of opportunity and returns to tertiary education in contemporary Europe / Fabrizio Bernardi, Gabriele Ballarino

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bernardi, Fabrizio

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse kõrghariduspoliitikat Euroopas, täpsemalt võrdsete haridusvõimaluste edendamist ning tööjõu pakkumise ja nõudluse arendamist, aluseks 2005. aasta EU-SILC ja 23 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmeid aastatest 2002-2010

  7. 78 FR 59060 - Gabriel Sanchez, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... University in 1988 and is Board Certified in Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine by the American Board of Anesthesiology. Id. at 1; GX 1, at 1. Dr. Hoch has ``served as an expert witness on approximately ten...

  8. Edificio de los Tribunales Municipales - Valle de San Gabriel, Los Ángeles - California (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1976-04-01

    Full Text Available The most outstanding feature of this construction are the columns of the main facades which are formed by big prefabricated concrete members and which cover the entire height of the four story structure. The Southern facade is protected from the direct sunlight by means of long prefabricated vertical elements. The building is crowned with a large crobel which is supported by the columns. The space of the four storeys is distributed in the following manner: courtrooms, judges chambers and jury assembly; facilities for the district attorney, the public defender and the marshal; rooms for the court reporters; waiting rooms for the witnesses and premises for the accused. The general planning is such that the court rooms separate the private sector from the public one, at the same time as they are connected with the judges chambers and jury assembly. The interior features have a sober elegance in keeping with the function of the building. The construction is completed by a large parking space and gardens. OEl rasgo más sobresaliente de esta construcción son las columnatas de las fachadas principales, formadas por grandes elementos prefabricados de hormigón que cubren las cuatro plantas de altura del edificio. En la fachada sur, el peristilo se completa con largos partesoles verticales, también prefabricados, que protegen de la luz solar directa. En la parte superior el edificio culmina en un amplio voladizo apoyado sobre las grandes columnas. En el interior de las cuatro plantas se han distribuido: salas para los tribunales; dependencias destinadas a los jueces y jurados; locales para el fiscal, el abogado y el jefe de policía; salas para periodistas; salas de espera para los testigos, e instalaciones para los acusados. La organización general es tal que las salas de las audiencias separan la zona pública de la privada, quedando, al mismo tiempo, enlazadas con las salas de los jueces y de los jurados correspondientes. En la decoración interior se buscó un acabado sobrio y noble, de acuerdo con la función del edificio. La construcción se completa con un extenso aparcamiento y grandes zonas ajardinadas.

  9. Aluseks olgu liiduvabariigi suveräänsus / Jusef Livšits, Gabriel Hazak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Livšits, Jusef, 1932-

    1988-01-01

    NSV Liidu konstitutsiooni muudatuste ja täienduste seaduseelnõust. Ilmunud ka vene keeles: Исходить из суверенитета союзной республики // Эстония : нет проекту Закона об изменениях и дополнениях Конституции СССР : [сборник]. Таллинн, 1988. Lk. 33-36

  10. El hombre como proyecto existencias en el pensamiento de Gabriel Marcel

    OpenAIRE

    Ávila Morente, José

    1997-01-01

    La finalidad de este trabajo es intentar una aproximación al núcleo ontológico de la incógnita humana; esto es, a ese horizonte donde se confunden las fronteras teóricas de las variadas disciplinas que convergen en la Antropología y justifican en último término su validez objetiva. El hombre es un proyecto en ejecución, un quehacer, al go que se está realizando en un espacio tiempo; homo inabsolutus, peregrino y caminante que busca el Ser, del que tiene una referencia intuitiva; sus huellas...

  11. Development and Technology Transfer of the Syncro Blue Tube (Gabriel) Magnetically GuidedFeeding Tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    pneumonias. Tube placement does not require costly fluroscopy or endoscopy. Any nurse who can place a nasogastric tube can place this feeding tube without...time required to secure FDA 510K 160787 clearance. FDA clearance was awarded August 9, 2016 for 510K160787 Table of Contents I. Introduction...small bowel feeding tube and developing a smaller version of the technology (8 Fr.). The basic design of the technology is to provide an easy and

  12. The insomnia plague: a Gabriel García Márquez story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sghirlanzoni, A; Carella, F

    2000-08-01

    "All the great writers have good eyes" is a sentence by V. Nabokov that is very suitable for G.G. Márquez and his One Hundred Years of Solitude. The novel, published in 1967, introduces among many others, the character of little Rebeca, whose frailness and greenish skin revealed hunger "that was older than she was". The girl, because of a pica syndrome, only liked to eat earth and the cake of whitewash. But her fate appears to be determined by the lethal insomnia plague, whose most fearsome part was not the impossibility of sleeping but its inexorable evolution toward a loss of memory in which the sick person "sinks into a kind of idiocy that had no past". Rebeca's lethal insomnia looks quite similar to the "peculiar, fatal disorder of sleep" originally described by Lugaresi et al. in 1986. One Hundred Years (of Solitude shows that G.G. Márquez was gifted not only with good eyes, but has the seductive power of changing reality into fantasy, while transforming his visions into reality.

  13. Narrazione e invenzione: manuale di lettura e scrittura creativa (Simone Giusti, Federico Batini, Gabriel Del Sarto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Sciarretta

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Questo volume propone diverse modalità e approcci per utilizzare la scrittura e la lettura all’interno di scuole, corsi di scrittura creativa, laboratori di animazione socioculturale, percorsi di educazione interculturale e di orientamento attraverso la metodologia narrativa, ma anche, attraverso la pratica della lettura ad alta voce, all’interno della famiglia e di gruppi informali. Il libro si fonda sull’idea che la lettura e la scrittura di testi creativi abbiano un forte valore educativo, in quanto contribuiscono allo sviluppo delle competenze trasversali o di quelle che vengono definite competenze per la vita (life skills, attraverso l’utilizzo consapevole del cosiddetto pensiero narrativo e di abilità ermeneutiche rispetto alla conoscenza di sé e degli altri, all’attribuzione di significato agli eventi e alla costruzione di senso.

  14. Influencia del primer Gabriel Marcel en el primer Jean Paul Sartre

    OpenAIRE

    Cañas, J.L. (José Luis)

    2005-01-01

    The first encounters of Marcel with Sartre show the “Christian origins” they shared. Likewise, these encounters and their disagreements throughout life and the different paths they followed reveal a broader scope of thought than what is commonly known about Sartre.

  15. Memoir and Scientific Correspondence of the Late Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Bart. 2 Volume Paperback Set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokes, George Gabriel; Larmor, Joseph

    2010-06-01

    Volume 1: Preface; Part I. Personal and Biographical; Part II. General Scientific Career; Part IIIa. Special Scientific Correspondence; Appendix; Index. Volume 2: Part. III. Special Scientific Correspondence; Index.

  16. A Partial Index to the Mission San Gabriel Baptism, Marriage, and Death Registers,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    de agua por todas lados, parece que en la lengua llaman a esta Rancherfa los Yndios, -2- Gui-chi, y para que mejor se conoscf le puse por nombre a...34-" for a baptism performed in casu necessitatis or in articulo mortis, i.e., in an emergency or at death) is shown in column six. Columns seven and eight

  17. "El coronel no tiene quien le escriba," Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Performance Guides to Spanish Texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gies, David Thatcher, Comp.

    This performance guide is the result of work conducted at the University of Virginia's National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute, 1989, on "Spanish Literature in Performance," in which 25 secondary school Spanish teachers studied Spanish texts from the perspective of classroom performance to deepen knowledge of the texts and…

  18. Political Ecology in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

    Science.gov (United States)

    ElSherief, Eman Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    The roots of ecology prolong profoundly within earlier phases of history, when the naturalistic fabric was first evinced. Bringing out his "On the Origin of Species" in 1859, Darwin not merely engendered a biological culmination but also heralded the revolutionary critical canon of naturalism that was virtually a stone thrown in the vast…

  19. About Jules et Jim: Some Figures of Matriarchy from Bachofen to Truffaut via Benjamin, Roché and Hessel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Hollington

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article essaie de relever quelques aspects d'un mouvement de pensée « matriarcale » du XXe siècle, parfois plutôt souterrain, et de montrer dans quelle mesure cette pensée fait partie du contexte du grand film des années soixante de François Truffaut. Il s'agit des hypothèses de Johann Jakob Bachofen (1815-1887, juriste et archéologue suisse, qui proposait la théorie d'un matriarcat primitif à l'origine de la société humaine. Dans un premier temps, en Méditerranée par exemple, existait selon lui un système communiste où l'idée de propriété privée était absente, fondé sur l'« hétaïrisme », où les rapports sexuels, organisés selon les vœux des femmes, étaient complètement libres.The purpose of this paper is, first, to provide a brief sketch map of a comparative nature of some linked, formative appropriations in Germany and elsewhere in the early part of this century of the Swiss jurist and archaeologist Johann Jakob Bachofen (1815-1887, famous for his influential but controversial theory of the precedence of primitive matriarchy over patriarchy in the Mediterranean and elsewhere.Este artίculo trata de señalar algunos aspectos de una corriente de pensamiento "matriarcal" del siglo veinte, a veces más bien subterránea, y muestra en qué medida dicho pensamiento forma parte del contexto de la famosa película de los años sesenta de François Truffaut. Se trata de las hipótesis de Johann Jakob Bachofen (1815-1887, jurista y arqueólogo suizo, quien propuso la teoría de un matriarcado primitivo en el origen de la sociedad humana. En un primer momento, en la región mediterránea, por ejemplo, dice que existía un sistema comunista carente de la idea de propiedad privada, y basado en el "hetaerismo", en el que las relaciones sexuales, organizadas según el voto de las mujeres, eran completamente libres.

  20. Understanding Green Flashes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Andrew T.

    1998-05-01

    Most astronomers learn about green flashes from either Minnaert's old book (Dover, 1954) or O'Connell's ``The Green Flash....'' Both have defects. Minnaert's account mostly represents what was known in the 1920s; it repeats Mulder's 3-fold classification, which omits Joule's second type of flash --- the one most commonly seen from mountain observatories. O'Connell searched only the astronomical literature, missing Dietze's crucially important paper (Z.f.Met. 9, 169 (1955)) showing that the ``textbook'' mechanism cannot produce flashes visible to the naked eye. He also erred in thinking that distortions of the setting Sun arise in the upper atmosphere (they are due to the marine boundary layer), and copied an error from Feenstra Kuiper's thesis that misidentified a common mirage-like phenomenon as Wegener's ``blank strip'' (Young et al., Appl. Opt. 36, 2689 (1997).) Most phenomena shown in O'Connell's book are caused by inversion layers below eye level, not above as in Wegener's phenomenon. The two commonest forms of green flash are associated with the inferior mirage and the mock mirage, corresponding to Fisher's Type A and Type B sunsets, respectively. Superrefraction, advocated by Wood and by Rayleigh as the cause of large flashes, actually suppress them: the airmass is proportional to the refraction (by Laplace's extinction theorem), so no green is transmitted when refraction is much larger than average. Although there is a physical green flash that can be photographed, the colors seen at sunset are strongly modified by bleaching of the L cones. Most ``green'' sunset flashes are actually yellow. Writers should stop representing Jules Verne's ``ancient legend'' as fact, as it was invented by Verne as a plot device for his novel ``Le Rayon Vert.'' Green-flash photos and simulations will be shown. This material is based upon work supported by the NSF under Award No. ATM-9714357.

  1. United States Human Access to Space, Exploration of the Moon and Preparation for Mars Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhatigan, Jennifer L.

    2009-01-01

    In the past, men like Leonardo da Vinci and Jules Verne imagined the future and envisioned fantastic inventions such as winged flying machines, submarines, and parachutes, and posited human adventures like transoceanic flight and journeys to the Moon. Today, many of their ideas are reality and form the basis for our modern world. While individual visionaries like da Vinci and Verne are remembered for the accuracy of their predictions, today entire nations are involved in the process of envisioning and defining the future development of mankind, both on and beyond the Earth itself. Recently, Russian, European, and Chinese teams have all announced plans for developing their own next generation human space vehicles. The Chinese have announced their intention to conduct human lunar exploration, and have flown three crewed space missions since 2003, including a flight with three crew members to test their extravehicular (spacewalking) capabilities in September 2008. Very soon, the prestige, economic development, scientific discovery, and strategic security advantage historically associated with leadership in space exploration and exploitation may no longer be the undisputed province of the United States. Much like the sponsors of the seafaring explorers of da Vinci's age, we are motivated by the opportunity to obtain new knowledge and new resources for the growth and development of our own civilization. NASA's new Constellation Program, established in 2005, is tasked with maintaining the United States leadership in space, exploring the Moon, creating a sustained human lunar presence, and eventually extending human operations to Mars and beyond. Through 2008, the Constellation Program developed a full set of detailed program requirements and is now completing the preliminary design phase for the new Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), the Ares I Crew Launch Vehicle, and the associated infrastructure necessary for humans to explore the Moon. Component testing is well

  2. Ulceration of the oral mucosa following direct contact with ferrous sulfate in elderly patients: a case report and a review of the French National Pharmacovigilance Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liabeuf S

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sophie Liabeuf,1–3 Valérie Gras,1 Julien Moragny,1 Marie-Laure Laroche,4 Michel Andrejak1,3On behalf of the French National Network of Pharmacovigilance Centers1Regional Pharmacovigilance Center, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Amiens University Medical Center and Jules Verne University of Picardy, Amiens, France; 2Clinical Research Centre, Clinical Pharmacology Division, Amiens University Medical Center and the Jules Verne University of Picardy, Amiens, France; 3INSERM U1088, Amiens, France; 4Regional Pharmacovigilance Center, Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacovigilance, Limoges University Medical Center, Limoges, FranceObjective: To report a series of cases of ulceration of the oral mucosa linked to direct contact with ferrous sulfate in elderly patients.Case summary: The first case report concerns the occurrence of widespread oral ulceration in an 87-year-old woman with Alzheimer’s disease. The ulceration extended from the side of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. No clear explanation was found and various local treatments were ineffective. Once it was realized that the ferrous sulfate tablets (given as an iron supplement were crushed prior to administration (due to the patient’s deglutition disorder, withdrawal of this treatment led to rapid resolution of the ulceration. Nine other cases of oral ulcerations associated with ferrous sulfate were identified in the French National Pharmacovigilance Database. All but one of the patients were over 80 years of age and the youngest patient (a 54-year-old had dysphagia associated with facial paralysis.Discussion: Only two other reports of oral ulceration due to ferrous sulfate have been published to date. Mucosal toxicity of ferrous sulfate (which is probably related to oxidative stress has previously been reported for the hypopharynx, the esophageal lumen, and (after inhalation of a tablet the tracheobronchial tree.Conclusion: The mucosal toxicity of ferrous

  3. Workshop on The Functional Analysis of Quantum Information Theory : a Collection of Notes Based on Lectures by Gilles Pisier, K. R. Parthasarathy, Vern Paulsen and Andreas Winter

    CERN Document Server

    Gupta, Ved Prakash; Sunder, V S

    2015-01-01

    This book provides readers with a concise introduction to current studies on operator-algebras and their generalizations, operator spaces and operator systems, with a special focus on their application in quantum information science. This basic framework for the mathematical formulation of quantum information can be traced back to the mathematical work of John von Neumann, one of the pioneers of operator algebras, which forms the underpinning of most current mathematical treatments of the quantum theory, besides being one of the most dynamic areas of twentieth century functional analysis. Today, von Neumann’s foresight finds expression in the rapidly growing field of quantum information theory. These notes gather the content of lectures given by a very distinguished group of mathematicians and quantum information theorists, held at the IMSc in Chennai some years ago, and great care has been taken to present the material as a primer on the subject matter. Starting from the basic definitions of operator space...

  4. La transformación y evolución de la vivienda vernácula en la Costa Grande del Estado de Guerrero /

    OpenAIRE

    Ascencio López, Osvaldo sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Arquitectura, presenta Osvaldo Ascencio López ; asesor Fernando Martín Juez. 243 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Arquitectura UNAM, Facultad de Arquitectura, 2009

  5. Primärprävention des plötzlichen Herztodes mit implantierbaren Cardioverter-Defibrillatoren - Vernünftig oder MADIT?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steinwender C

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Mehrere in jüngerer Zeit publizierte Studien belegen die Überlegenheit des implantierbaren Cardioverter-Defibrillators gegenüber einer medikamentösen Therapie in der Primärprävention des plötzlichen Herztodes. Die Kollektive dieser Untersuchungen bestanden aus den bekannten Hochrisikopatienten im Postinfarktstadium mit höher- bis höchstgradig eingeschränkter Linksventrikelfunktion. MADIT II war die erste Studie, die auf eine aufwendige rhythmologische Risikostratifizierung verzichtete und dennoch in sämtlichen Subgruppen einen therapeutischen Benefit durch die Defibrillatortherapie nachwies. Die sich hierdurch ergebende Evidenz fand rasch Eingang in die Richtlinien der großen kardiologischen Gesellschaften. Ungelöst bleiben vorerst zwei große Probleme: 1. die Frage der Finanzierung einer Umsetzung dieser Richtlinien; 2. die weitere Strategie zur effektiven Primärprävention des plötzlichen Herztodes, da durch oben genannte Studien nur ein kleiner Prozentsatz der möglichen künftigen Opfer abgedeckt wird. Als Lösungsansatz bietet sich eine kostengünstige, auf die Erfordernisse der Primärprävention abgestimmte Defibrillator-Technologie an, die gemeinsam mit einer Vereinfachung der Implantationsprozedur die Kosteneffektivität zugunsten der Prophylaxe beeinflussen kann. Weiters müssen zusätzlich große Anstrengungen zur Identifizierung von zukünftigen Opfern des plötzlichen Herztodes vor ihrer ersten Arrhythmie-Episode unternommen werden.

  6. La normalización de la arquitectura vernácula: un debate en la España de los veinte

    OpenAIRE

    Sambricio, Carlos

    2000-01-01

    En 1908, la Sociedad Central de Arquitectos presentaba al Ayuntamiento de Madrid un informe sobre construcción de casas baratas e higiénicas y, de acuerdo con lo reflejado en la encuesta planteada por el Instituto de Reformas Sociales sobre vivienda obrera, en junio del mismo año se elevaba a las Cortes un proyecto de ley para construir casas higiénicas en cuyo preámbulo se señalaba como causas que dificultaban su edificación el alto precio de la construcción y el afán de los propietarios del...

  7. ATV Cargo Integration Safety Certification Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbellini, L.; Heimann, T. J.

    2005-12-01

    A large number of manned modules are being progressively launched to the International Space Station (ISS) and integrated on-orbit, required to be operated and maintained over long on-orbit stay time, supported by periodical servicing and supply.The European Space Agency (ESA), together with its several industrial aerospace contractors such as Alcatel Alenia Space, is deeply involved in development of space systems hardware, in planning and execution of mission operations, logistics and supply to ISS of consumables, payloads, scientific experiments, orbital replacement units up to station modules and infrastructures, as needed by the ISS utilization cycles. In this frame safety plays a significant role to assure that the safety of the systems is preserved throughout the ISS exploitation phase. This paper summarizes methods and requirements for the safety certification process being implemented to dry cargo integration and accommodation in Jules Verne, the 1st flight of the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), one of the major ESA contributions to the utilization of ISS.

  8. International Systems Integration on the International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerstenmaier, William H.; Ticker, Ronald L.

    2007-01-01

    Over the next few months, the International Space Station (ISS), and human spaceflight in general, will undergo momentous change. The European Columbus and Japanese Kibo Laboratories will be added to the station joining U.S. and Russian elements already on orbit. Columbus, Jules Vernes Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) and Kibo Control Centers will soon be joining control centers in the US and Russia in coordinating ISS operations and research. The Canadian Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) will be performing extra vehicular activities that previously only astronauts on EVA could do, but remotely and with increased safety. This paper will address the integration of these international elements and operations into the ISS, both from hardware and human perspectives. Interoperability of on-orbit systems and ground control centers and their human operators from Europe, Japan, Canada, Russia and the U.S. pose significant and unique challenges. Coordination of logistical support and transportation of crews and cargo is also a major challenge. As we venture out into the cosmos and inhabit the Moon and other planets, it's the systems and operational experience and partnership development on ISS, humanity's orbiting outpost that is making these journeys possible.

  9. Simeprevir for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izquierdo L

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Laure Izquierdo,1 François Helle,1 Catherine François,1,2 Sandrine Castelain,1,2 Gilles Duverlie,1,2 Etienne Brochot1,2 1Virology Research Unit, Jules Verne University of Picardie, 2Department of Virology, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, France Abstract: Simeprevir (TMC435, Olysio™, a second-generation hepatitis C virus (HCV protease inhibitor, has been recently approved for the treatment of genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. This molecule has very different characteristics from first-generation protease inhibitors. Results from trials show that simeprevir is highly effective and safe, with few adverse events. We discuss the specific features of this new treatment option for HCV infection, in terms of in vitro data, pharmacological data, and clinical trials. We also discuss the impact of Q80K polymorphism at baseline. Studies evaluating interferon-free regimens with simeprevir are ongoing. Future combinations of two or more direct-acting antiviral agents, targeting different viral enzymes and with synergistic antiviral effects, will be approved, allowing treatment of pan-genotypic HCV with optimized sustained virologic responses. Simeprevir will undoubtedly be part of future treatment strategies. Keywords: simeprevir, protease inhibitor, direct-acting antiviral agent, hepatitis C virus

  10. Key Challenges and New Trends in Battery Research (2011 EFRC Forum)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tarascon, Jean Marie (University de Picardie Jules Verne, France)

    2011-05-26

    Jean-Marie Tarascon, Professor at the University de Picardie Jules Verne, France, was the fourth speaker in the May 26, 2011 EFRC Forum session, "Global Perspectives on Frontiers in Energy Research." In his presentation, Professor Tarascon recounted European basic research activates in electrical energy storage. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several “grand challenges” and use-inspired “basic research needs” recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  11. The GNC Measurement System for the Automated Transfer Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Y.; da Cunha, P.

    The Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) is a European Space Agency (ESA) funded spacecraft developed by EADS Space Transportation as prime contractor for the space segment together with major European industrial partners, in the frame of the International Space Station (ISS). Its mission objective is threefold : to supply the station with fret and propellant, to reboost ISS to a higher orbit and to dispose of waste from the station. The ATV first flight, called Jules Verne and planned on 2005, will be the first European Vehicle to perform an orbital rendezvous. The GNC Measurement System (GMS) is the ATV on board function in charge of the measurement data collection and preconditioning for the navigation, guidance and control (GNC) algorithms. The GMS is made up of hardware which are the navigation sensors (with a certain level of hardware redundancy for each of them), and of an on-board software that manages, monitors and performs consistency checks to detect and isolate potential sensor failures. The GMS relies on six kinds of navigation sensors, used during various phases of the mission : the gyrometers assembly (GYRA), the accelerometers assembly (ACCA), the star trackers (STR), the GPS receivers, the telegoniometers (TGM) and the videometers (VDM), the last two being used for the final rendezvous phase. The GMS function is developed by EADS Space Transportation together with other industrial partners: EADS Astrium, EADS Sodern, Laben and Dasa Jena Optronik.

  12. A Selenological History of Lunar Poetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Chamier-Waite, C. T.

    2016-01-01

    The Moon. Centuries of human inquiry have engaged this mysterious object. The Moon embodies history, philosophy, cosmology, and passions; the nature of love, persecution, and our capacity for the sublime. This review considers a body of research on lunar poetics done for a series of artworks by the author. It will look at a few select writings that have profoundly influenced our epistemological, ontological, and poetic knowledge of the universe with the Moon as a central theme. Centered in the early seventeenth century at the time of Kepler and Galileo, this query follows the tendrils of lunar influences in both the sciences and literature that emanate from these two figures, forwards and backwards in time. Science, politics, theology, and the arts intertwine in this investigation. The works reviewed link the philosophy of Aristotle and the poetry of Lucian of Samosata to findings by Leonardo Da Vinci, Copernicus, Jules Verne, and others. The chosen philosophers have been selected because of their significant contributions to selenology and lunar poetics, and each of the figures reviewed have the honor of a namesake crater upon the Moon.

  13. Contested Waterlines: The Wave-Line Theory and Shipbuilding in the Nineteenth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreiro, Larrie D; Pollara, Alexander

    2016-04-01

    Ship hydrodynamics in the nineteenth century was dominated by John Scott Russell's wave-line theory. Russell, a prominent British shipbuilder and scientist, argued that wavemaking was the primary source of resistance for ships, and that by designing ships according to trigonometric curves and proportions (the wave line) this resistance could effectively be eliminated. From the 1840s to the 1880s, shipbuilders such as John Willis Griffiths, Donald McKay and George Steers designed their clipper ships (like Sea Witch and Flying Cloud) and yachts (America) with wave-line hulls, while authors like Jules Verne referenced Russell's theory. The wave line slowly faded after William Froude developed his laws of ship resistance. The article examines how Russell's theory became accepted by technical experts and the wider public to become the most widely known ship hydrodynamic theory of the 1800s-a reminder of how a persuasive idea can take hold of an entire profession, and even the public, for a long time.

  14. Projections of population-based twinning rates through the year 2100.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleszczuk, J J; Keith, D M; Keith, L G; Rayburn, W F

    1999-11-01

    To present the first compilation of population-based twinning rates published after the year 1990 and to project population-based twinning rates through the year 2100. We searched the Internet-based MEDLINE database for articles published after 1990 in which population-based twinning rates were described. We used population-based data from national statistical authorities from Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Norway, Singapore and Sweden, published by Y. Imaizumi in a recent article. U.S. figures were based on data from the National Center for Health Statistics. Annual growth rates of twinning were calculated and graphed, making the assumption that these rates would remain constant throughout the next century. Our report presents the most recent population-based twinning rates. When projected through the year 2015, twinning rates reach figures that could best be described as derived from a Jules Verne novel: Sweden, in this model, would have four times more twin than singleton births. We strongly suggest that physicians reexamine their patterns of prescribing ovulation-inducing agents, which carry a greatly increased risk of multiple pregnancy.

  15. The Cincinnati Observatory as a Research Instrument for Undergraduate Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abel, Nicholas; Regas, Dean; Flateau, Davin C.; Larrabee, Cliff

    2016-06-01

    The Cincinnati Observatory, founded in 1842, was the first public observatory in the Western Hemisphere. The history of Cincinnati is closely intertwined with the history of the Observatory, and with the history of science in the United States. Previous directors of the Observatory helped to create the National Weather Service, the Minor Planet Center, and the first astronomical journal in the U.S. The Cincinnati Observatory was internationally known in the late 19th century, with Jules Verne mentioning the Cincinnati Observatory in two of his books, and the Observatory now stands as a National Historic Landmark.No longer a research instrument, the Observatory is now a tool for promoting astronomy education to the general public. However, with the 11" and 16" refracting telescopes, the Observatory telescopes are very capable of collecting data to fuel undergraduate research projects. In this poster, we will discuss the history of the Observatory, types of student research projects capable with the Cincinnati Observatory, future plans, and preliminary results. The overall goal of this project is to produce a steady supply of undergraduate students collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data, and thereby introduce them to the techniques and methodology of an astronomer at an early stage of their academic career.

  16. Around Kepler's "Dream"

    CERN Document Server

    Luminet, Jean-Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Johann Kepler (1571-1630) is sometimes considered as a precursor of science-fiction novels with the writing of "Somnium, sive opus posthumum of astronomia lunaris". In this work published posthumously in 1634 by his son Ludwig, Kepler intends to defend the Copernican doctrine by detailing the perception of the world for an observer located on the Moon. Although Kepler was not the first to write the fantastic account of a voyage from the Earth to the Moon and "pass around a message", we show here that his "Dream" is made conspicuous under many aspects. Firstly, his author is one of the most remarkable minds of the history of sciences. Secondly, the "Dream" constitutes the missing link between the texts of pure imagination by Lucian of Samosata (IInd c. AD), and the fantasy novels based on scientific discoveries by Jules Verne, at the end of XIXth century. In the third place, the complete text presents an extraordinary structure in encased accounts, built on several series of explanatory notes drafted with the ...

  17. Analysis Of The ATV1 Re-Entry Using Near-UV Spectroscopic Data From The ESA/NASA Multi-Instrument Aircraft Observation Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohle, Stefan; Marynowski, Thomas; Knapp, Andreas; Wernitz, Ricarda; Lips, Tobias

    2011-05-01

    The first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV1) named Jules Verne was launched in March 2009 to carry over seven tons of experiments, fuel, water, food and other supplies to the International Space Station (ISS) orbiting at about 350 km. Attached to the ISS, it served as an extension to the space station, giving extra space for the six astronauts and cosmonauts who will ultimately form the permanent ISS Crew. On September 29, 2009, a controlled de-orbit maneuver lead the spacecraft to enter the Earth's atmosphere over the south pacific ocean. The following destructive re-entry was observed by two aircraft equipped with a wide variety of imaging and spectroscopic instruments. In this paper, we present quantitative results from the near-UV spectroscopic measurements acquired aboard an experimental DC-8 aircraft operated by NASA. The wavelength range of observation allows a determination of temperatures from radiation and the investigation of atomic radiation with respect to the identification of the destructive process. Furthermore, the excitation temperatures of chromium give an insight into the explosive events occurring during re-entry. Analysing the continuum of the measured spectra, the Planck radiation temperature is fitted to the data. These temperatures indicate that most of the radiating parts are titanium alloys, i.e. the outer structure of ATV1. All results within this paper are compared to a simulated break-up scenario and related to basic results from other experimenters which allows drawing an overall scenario for this destructive re-entry.

  18. The history of gait analysis before the advent of modern computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Richard

    2007-09-01

    Aristotle (384-322 BCE) can be attributed with the earliest recorded comments regarding the manner in which humans walk. It was not until the renaissance that further progress was made through the experiments and theorising of Giovanni Borelli (1608-1679). Although several scientists wrote about walking through the enlightenment period it was the brothers Willhelm (1804-1891) and Eduard (1806-1871) Weber, working in Leipzig who made the next major contribution based on very simple measurements. Both Jules Etienne Marey (1830-1904), working in France, and Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904), working in America, made significant advances in measurement technology. These were developed further by Otto Fischer (1861-1917) in collaboration with Willhelm Braune (1831-1892). The major developments in the early twentieth century were in the development of force plates and the understanding of kinetics. The team headed by Verne Inman (1905-1980) and Howard Eberhart (1906-1993) made major advances in America shortly after the Second War. David Sutherland (1923-2006) and Jacquelin Perry pioneered clinical applications in America and Jurg Baumann (1926-2000) in Europe. It was not until the advent of modern computers that clinical gait analysis became widely available.

  19. Ginandromorfo de Arsenura armida (Cramer de Querari, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas, Brasil (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae Gynandromorph of Arsenura armida (Cramer from Querari, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas State, Brazil (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina da Silva Motta

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of a rare ginandromorph specimen of Saturniidae collected in the State of Amazonas, Brazil is reported. This is the first unique deposit of a gynandromorph in the Collection of the National Institute for Amazonian Research.

  20. Blood banks meet the paradox of Gabriel's Horn: what are the options to maintain supply as demand decreases?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckman, N; Yazer, M; Land, K; Chesneau, S; Caulfield, J

    2016-06-01

    Blood services worldwide have observed a decline in the demand for red blood cells (RBC). Despite this general decline, the demand profile has changed significantly with the demand for O D negative RBCs being maintained; whereas B D positive and AB D positive RBC demand has been reduced. In 2015, the blood type O D negative was seen in 6·3% of the combined first time donors among the five American Blood Centres involved in this study and 7·4% of first time Australian donors in 2014/2015, whereas O D negative distributions accounted for 10·5% of all red cell units issued by the American centres and 13·9% by the Australian centres. Inventory can therefore be of sufficient overall quantity but may not be adequate for the demand for units with specific blood types. Recruitment of new donors may need to become more targeted and/or financial or inventory control measures could also be required to ensure inventory matches demand. Blood Services will need to consider the available options in order to ensure that sufficiency of supply is secure and the donor panel is optimised to meet the new demand paradigm. © 2016 British Blood Transfusion Society.

  1. Marketing Search: An Interview with Pete Bell of Endeca and Gabriel Weinberg of DuckDuckGo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brett Bonfield

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available As it turns out, librarians aren’t the only ones competing with Google. In fact, we’re not even the only ones offering an alternative to Google when it comes to helping people find information. There’s Microsoft’s Bing, of course. And Yahoo! Search, at least until 2012, when Bing will begin providing Yahoo’s search results (though some [...

  2. Prevalencia de Hipotiroidismo en Pacientes Menopáusicas que acuden al Hospital de San Gabriel, Provincia del Carchi

    OpenAIRE

    Montenegro Sánchez, Marco Trajano

    2014-01-01

    La menopausia se define clínicamente como la ausencia de la menstruación por un período igual o mayor a 12 meses. El incremento en la concentración de tirotropina sérica (TSH), en presencia de concentraciones normales o bajas de hormonas tiroideas circulantes, define la situación de hipotiroidismo subclínico y clínico, respectivamente. La escasa literatura sobre el tema de hipotiroidismo subclínico en pacientes menopáusicas en Ecuador, motivó la realización de este estudio, con el fin de det...

  3. Historia, memoria y narrativa en Vivir para Contarla de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Jiménez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una lectura de las memorias de García Márquez sobreel Bogotazo, realizamos una defensa de la narrativa como espaciopropicio para la construcción de verdades sobre los hechos reales.Nuestro análisis se organiza en tres ejes temáticos: los eleme

  4. Que es una sociedad? De la filosofia de las apropiaciones a la sociologia en la obra de Gabriel Tarde

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Garcia Molina, Jose

    2011-01-01

    .... "El regreso de Tarde" propicia diferentes preguntas que obligan a analisis alejados de faciles hagiografias, de abusivas apropiaciones o rechazos y de otros peligros comunes a toda exhumacion de un corpus enterrado...

  5. La productividad en el proceso de restauración del Portal de Peregrinos del convento de "San Gabriel"

    OpenAIRE

    Agraz Rodríguez, Lilia Patricia; Diaz Meneses, Marcelo

    2003-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN El objeto de esta tesis es brindarles a los Gerentes de Proyectos en Construcción, pautas prácticas que fueron comprobadas para el mejoramiento de la Productividad durante toda la ejecución de la obra. Las pautas se basan en una revisión de lo que se ha investigado hasta ahora en las Mediciones de Proceso y el Comportamiento Organizacional, filtrada a través de la experiencia observada en obra. El haber seleccionado en estudio este tipo de proyecto y su ent...

  6. ABOUT INVISIBLE QUOTATION MARKS IN ‘THE DEAD’ [LILY, GABRIEL, AND THE VENTRILOQUISM OF THE JOYCEAN NARRATOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Rodovalho

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A lot of Portuguese and Brazilian translations of Dubliners having been made in the last decades (at least seven already in the market, and other two coming, some aspects of its prose still remain invisible to the Brazilian and Portuguese reader, aspects that permit a very close link to the ulterior works of Joyce. Our aim, so, is to have a good look at some of these aspects that keep asking for translations.

  7. LOS ASPECTOS REALISTAS DE LA LENGUA EN LAS OBRAS DE GABRIEL GARCíA MáRQUEZ

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Статья посвящена образному и идейному языку в различных произведениях колумбийского писателя Габриеля Гарсия Маркеса. Реализм и мистицизм породили течение магического реализма, которому следовал Габриель Гарсия Маркес в своих произведения, таких как: «Сто лет одиночества», «Полковнику никто не пишет», «Палая листва» и д.р. В статье дается анализ произведений, в которых отражена проблема восприятия и реалистичного отражения внутреннего мира героев....

  8. «Quotation and Literary Echo as Structural Principles in Gabriele Wohmann's Frühherbst in Badenweiler.»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter H. Sokel

    1980-09-01

    Full Text Available In her novel of 1978, Wohmann uses the montage technique—quotations, literary echoes, erudite allusions—of the «classics of modernism» to put the contemporary West German phenomenon of «New Inwardness» in an ironic light. Her protagonist, the composer Hubert Frey, retreats from the stresses of contemporary life to the Black Forest spa of Badenweiler. New Inwardness in him appears allied to New Conservatism which, in reaction to the New Left of the sixties, revives the old German ideal of the «A-Political Man.» Echoing a work of restaurative mentality, Stifter's Nachsommer , Frey's Frühherbst looks back nostalgically on Goethe's classicist phase. As Goethe put his Storm and Stress behind him, Frey analogously repudiates the turbulent youth of the sixties. He sums up his ethos of withdrawal by quoting a passage from one of Goethe's letters. He quotes inaccurately and his self-identification with Goethe rests on shaky foundations. By revealing her protagonist's erudition as faulty and confused, Wohmann unmasks his whole stance as—literally—false. Another of Frey's models, Conrad Aiken, a writer of inwardness and subjectivity, turns out to have been the wrong author for Frey's choice of Badenweiler. The American writer who had actually sojourned there turns out to have been the realist Stephen Crane. Inwardness thus proves literally incorrect and inappropriate to the protagonist's needs. The displacement of the symbolist Aiken by the realist Crane points ahead to the conclusion of the novel. Whereas a World War had been needed to dislodge Thomas Mann's Hans Castorp from his retreat, a mere mouse, invading Frey's hotel room, serves the analogous function in Wohmann's novel. Literary echo, a structural device, functions thematically as both the symptom and the cure of her protagonist's passing relapse into German inwardness.

  9. El pensamiento mágico en la obra de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    Borrero Blanco, Margarita

    2010-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultd de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Lingüística, Lengua Modernas, Lógica y Filosofía de la Ciencia y Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada, 22 de octubre de 2010

  10. Historia, memoria y narrativa en Vivir para Contarla de Gabriel García Márquez

    OpenAIRE

    Iván Jiménez

    2006-01-01

    A partir de una lectura de las memorias de García Márquez sobreel Bogotazo, realizamos una defensa de la narrativa como espaciopropicio para la construcción de verdades sobre los hechos reales.Nuestro análisis se organiza en tres ejes temáticos: los eleme

  11. Entre la pantalla y el libro: Gabriel García Márquez y el cine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiddian, Robin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available García Márquez’s relations with the cinema find their first expression in a series of film reviews that the author penned for the Colombian daily El Espectador, in the mid-nineteen fifties. There, he shows a particular predilection for Italian Neo-realism, for certain contemporary Italian films about women, and for the Bardem- Berlanga classic, ¡Bienvenido, Mr Marshall! Analysis of selected film reviews demonstrates surprisingly close connections with creative works by García Márquez, both at the level of narrative and in key areas of ideology and aesthetics.

    El origen de las relaciones entre la obra literaria de García Márquez y el cine se encuentra en una serie de reseñas de películas, que el autor colombiano escribe para el periódico bogotano El Espectador, a mediados de los cincuenta. En las páginas del diario capitalino, da a conocer por primera vez su afición por el neorrealismo italiano, por ciertas películas italianas contemporáneas de tema femenino, y por ¡Bienvenido, Mr. Marshall!, de Luis García Berlanga. Un análisis de algunas reseñas pertinentes revela sorprendentes conexiones entre la obra de García Márquez y media docena de películas, a los niveles de diseño narrativo y valores estéticos comunes.

  12. 博尔德(Border,Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent.1870-1961)比利时微生物学家(Microbiologist,Belgium)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    博尔德于1892年在布鲁塞尔大学获得医学博士学位,随后又到巴黎巴斯德P6研究所,在梅契尼科夫指导下工作。1901年,他在布鲁塞尔也创建了一个巴斯德研究所并亲任所长。1898年,博尔德发现,如果把血清加热到55℃,尽管血清中的抗体不致受到破坏,但却丧失了摧毁细菌的能力。由此可以推断,血清中一定含有某种或某组非常脆弱的成分作为抗体的补体,使之能够与细菌发生作用。

  13. Falquet Jules, Hirata Helena, Kergoat Danièle, Labari Brahim, Le Feuvre Nicky, Sow Fatou(Dir., Le sexe de la mondialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Giraud

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage Le sexe de la mondialisation – Genre, classe, race et nouvelle division du travail mérite une grande attention de la communauté académique et au-delà, pour au moins quatre raisons. En premier lieu, cet ouvrage traite d’une question essentielle pour la compréhension du monde contemporain, celle de la dimension genrée de la mondialisation. En deuxième lieu, il réunit une équipe d’auteures et auteurs francophones et autres (plus de la moitié des textes sont traduits de l’anglais de pr...

  14. Development and experimental qualification of a calculation scheme for the evaluation of gamma heating in experimental reactors. Application to MARIA and Jules Horowitz (JHR) MTR Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tarchalski, M.; Pytel, K.; Wroblewska, M.; Marcinkowska, Z.; Boettcher, A.; Prokopowicz, R. [NCBJ Institute, MARIA Reactor, ul.Andrzeja Soltana 7, 05-400 Swierk (Poland); Sireta, P.; Gonnier, C.; Bignan, G. [CEA, DEN, Reactor Studies Department, Cadarache, F-13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Lyoussi, A.; Fourmentel, D.; Barbot, L.; Villard, J.F.; Destouches, C. [CEA, DEN, DER, Instrumentation Sensors and Dosimetry Laboratory, Cadarache, F-13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Reynard-Carette, C.; Brun, J. [Aix Marseille Universite, CNRS, Universite de Toulon, IM2NP UMR 7334, 13397, Marseille (France); Jagielski, J. [NCBJ Institute, MARIA Reactor, ul.Andrzeja Soltana 7, 05-400 Swierk (Poland); Institute of Electronic Materials Technolgy, Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland); Luks, A. [Institute of Heat Engineering, Nowowiejska 21/25, 00-665 Warsaw (Poland)

    2015-07-01

    Precise computational determination of nuclear heating which consists predominantly of gamma heating (more than 80 %) is one of the challenges in material testing reactor exploitation. Due to sophisticated construction and conditions of experimental programs planned in JHR it became essential to use most accurate and precise gamma heating model. Before the JHR starts to operate, gamma heating evaluation methods need to be developed and qualified in other experimental reactor facilities. This is done inter alia using OSIRIS, MINERVE or EOLE research reactors in France. Furthermore, MARIA - Polish material testing reactor - has been chosen to contribute to the qualification of gamma heating calculation schemes/tools. This reactor has some characteristics close to those of JHR (beryllium usage, fuel element geometry). To evaluate gamma heating in JHR and MARIA reactors, both simulation tools and experimental program have been developed and performed. For gamma heating simulation, new calculation scheme and gamma heating model of MARIA have been carried out using TRIPOLI4 and APOLLO2 codes. Calculation outcome has been verified by comparison to experimental measurements in MARIA reactor. To have more precise calculation results, model of MARIA in TRIPOLI4 has been made using the whole geometry of the core. This has been done for the first time in the history of MARIA reactor and was complex due to cut cone shape of all its elements. Material composition of burnt fuel elements has been implemented from APOLLO2 calculations. An experiment for nuclear heating measurements and calculation verification has been done in September 2014. This involved neutron, photon and nuclear heating measurements at selected locations in MARIA reactor using in particular Rh SPND, Ag SPND, Ionization Chamber (all three from CEA), KAROLINA calorimeter (NCBJ) and Gamma Thermometer (CEA/SCK CEN). Measurements were done in forty points using four channels. Maximal nuclear heating evaluated from measurements is of the order of 2.5 W/g at half of the possible MARIA power - 15 MW. The approach and the detailed program for experimental verification of calculations will be presented. The following points will be discussed: - Development of a gamma heating model of MARIA reactor with TRIPOLI 4 (coupled neutron-photon mode) and APOLLO2 model taking into account the key parameters like: configuration of the core, experimental loading, control rod location, reactor power, fuel depletion); - Design of specific measurement tools for MARIA experiments including for instance a new single-cell calorimeter called KAROLINA calorimeter; - MARIA experimental program description and a preliminary analysis of results; - Comparison of calculations for JHR and MARIA cores with experimental verification analysis, calculation behavior and n-γ 'environments'. (authors)

  15. Interactive Geophysical Mapping on the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meertens, C.; Hamburger, M.; Estey, L.; Weingroff, M.; Deardorff, R.; Holt, W.

    2002-12-01

    We have developed a set of interactive, web-based map utilities that make geophysical results accessible to a large number and variety of users. These tools provide access to pre-determined map regions via a simple Html/JavaScript interface or to user-selectable areas using a Java interface to a Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) engine. Users can access a variety of maps, satellite images, and geophysical data at a range of spatial scales for the earth and other planets of the solar system. Developed initially by UNAVCO for study of global-scale geodynamic processes, users can choose from a variety of base maps (satellite mosaics, global topography, geoid, sea-floor age, strain rate and seismic hazard maps, and others) and can then add a number of geographic and geophysical overlays for example coastlines, political boundaries, rivers and lakes, NEIC earthquake and volcano locations, stress axes, and observed and model plate motion and deformation velocity vectors representing a compilation of 2933 geodetic measurements from around the world. The software design is flexible allowing for construction of special editions for different target audiences. Custom maps been implemented for UNAVCO as the "Jules Verne Voyager" and "Voyager Junior", for the International Lithosphere Project's "Global Strain Rate Map", and for EarthScope Education and Outreach as "EarthScope Voyager Jr.". For the later, a number of EarthScope-specific features have been added, including locations of proposed USArray (seismic), Plate Boundary Observatory (geodetic), and San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth sites plus detailed maps and geographically referenced examples of EarthScope-related scientific investigations. In addition, we are developing a website that incorporates background materials and curricular activities that encourage users to explore Earth processes. A cluster of map processing computers and nearly a terabyte of disk storage has been assembled to power the generation of

  16. The Command of Space: A National Vision for American Prosperity and Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-03-01

    This paper develops a compelling case for a national space vision to advance the American vital interests of prosperity and security. The first half of paper focuses on laying the background for the vision that follows in the second half. In the title, prosperity is listed before security since it is the reason for exploration and eventually requires protection. The paper begins with the premise that space is becoming an information center of gravity that is increasingly important to the commercial sector as well as the military. However, a major stumbling block in this transition is the lack of the means to protect on-orbit space systems. Without this capability, true command of space is not possible. The paper then transitions to a discourse on the current dependence on space in America. Next, the quest for wealth and information by the European powers in the second millennium is discussed. Each of these examples demonstrates a recurring cycle in their quest: knowledge, exploitation, investment, consumption and protection. This same cycle is seen in the early days of space where the focus was almost exclusively on knowledge and exploration. Several who possessed a vision to advance space were Jules Verne, Wernher von Braun and Arthur C. Clark. From the early days of space, the transition is made to reviewing a current focus on investment and consumption.To make the case for protecting space assets, the role of the U.S. Navy in protecting maritime commerce is examined as well as the current threat to the space sector.

  17. Study by similarity of wind influence on mass transfers in complex buildings; Etude par similitude de l'influence du vent sur les transferts de masse dans les batiments complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Roux, Nicolas

    2011-12-05

    Residential and industrial buildings equipped with a ventilation system are complex facilities, where various heat and mass transfers could occur according to the operating conditions. In order to study these mass transfers, a methodology has been developed so as to carry out reduced-scale experiments for the study of isothermal flows, in steady or transient state. This methodology has been numerically and experimentally validated on simple configurations, and then applied to two standard configurations, representing nuclear facilities. The wind influence on mass transfers inside these configurations, in normal, damaged (stopping ventilation) or accidental (internal overpressure) situations, has been studied in the Jules Verne climatic wind tunnel of the CSTB. The wind effects, coupled or not with an internal overpressure, can lead to a partial or a total loss of the pollutant's containment inside buildings. Moreover, the wind turbulence can bring about instantaneous reversal leakage flow-rates, which cannot be identified in steady state. In addition, the study of transient phenomena has highlighted the low influence of the branch inertia on transient flows, for typical values of real facilities. Finally, tracer tests have been carried out in order to study the pollutant dispersion inside a standard configuration subjected to wind, mechanical ventilation and internal overpressure effects. The reliability of the zonal code SYLVIA, used notably to support safety assessment in nuclear buildings, has been analyzed from these experimental results. The modelling of the physical phenomena experimentally observed has been validated, in steady and transient states. However, limitations have been identified for the study of pollutant dispersion, due to hypothesis used in SYLVIA code, as in all zonal codes (homogenous concentration inside rooms, instantaneous propagation inside branches and rooms). (author)

  18. The ADM-AEOLUS Solar Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, S.; Ferrando, E.; Contini, R.; Blok, R.; Heijden, R. vd; Caon, A.; Labruyere, G.; Strobl, G.; Koestler, W.; Zimmermann, W.

    2008-09-01

    ADM Aeolus is an Earth Explorer Core Mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). The satellite is provided with a deployable solar array fully equipped with European state of the art Triple Junction (TJ) GaAs solar cells.The structural part and mechanisms of the ADM Aeolus Solar Array (SA) is a derivate of the Dutch Space FRED solar array concept. This FRED type solar array has already been used on Jules Verne (Automated Transfer Vehicle) and Giove-A. Both satellites has been successfully launched and the Solar Arrays are working nominally.The ADM Aeolus spacecraft (S/C) is powered by two deployable wings. Each of them composed by three panels and with a panel size of 1.1×2.2 m2, so that the total area is about 14.5 m2;. European TJ solar cells (27% efficiency class) embodying an integral protection diode were selected to meet the power budget, necessary for the installed payload. The principal one is an Atmospheric LAser Doppler INstrument (ALADIN), a novel system whose development is a strategic goal for ESA.This SA program is a challenging development in terms of solar cell qualification because of the extensive characterisation and qualification campaign performed for the cell and the integral diode components. Especially for protection diode a long duration high temperature test was performed in order to simulate and cover all lifetime stresses.Main drivers for PVA design are the power requirement at the end of life and the requested protection against atomic oxygen erosion.This paper describes : The results achieved during the qualification phase, from bare cell level to the coupon level, The design activity, mainly focused on the prediction of EOL performances, The acceptance phase at panel levels, which has verified the suitability of the design assumption and manufacturing workmanship.

  19. Surface vector mapping of magnetic anomalies over the Moon using Kaguya and Lunar Prospector observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsunakawa, Hideo; Takahashi, Futoshi; Shimizu, Hisayoshi; Shibuya, Hidetoshi; Matsushima, Masaki

    2015-06-01

    We have provided preliminary global maps of three components of the lunar magnetic anomaly on the surface applying the surface vector mapping (SVM) method. The data used in the present study consist of about 5 million observations of the lunar magnetic field at 10-45 km altitudes by Kaguya and Lunar Prospector. The lunar magnetic anomalies were mapped at 0.2° equi-distance points on the surface by the SVM method, showing the highest intensity of 718 nT in the Crisium antipodal region. Overall features on the SVM maps indicate that elongating magnetic anomalies are likely to be dominant on the Moon except for the young large basins with the impact demagnetization. Remarkable demagnetization features suggested by previous studies are also recognized at Hertzsprung and Kolorev craters on the farside. These features indicate that demagnetized areas extend to about 1-2 radii of the basins/craters. There are well-isolated central magnetic anomalies at four craters: Leibnitz, Aitken, Jules Verne, and Grimaldi craters. Their magnetic poles through the dipole source approximation suggest occurrence of the polar wander prior to 3.3-3.5 Ga. When compared with high-albedo markings at several magnetic anomalies such as the Reiner Gamma anomalies, three-dimensional structures of the magnetic field on/near the surface are well correlated with high-albedo areas. These results indicate that the global SVM maps are useful for the study of the lunar magnetic anomalies in comparison with various geological and geophysical data.

  20. Optograms and criminology: science, news reporting, and fanciful novels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanska, Douglas J

    2013-01-01

    A persistent nineteenth-century urban legend was the notion that photograph-like images of the last-seen object or person would be preserved in the eyes of the dead. This popular notion followed technological developments (the daguerreotype and ophthalmoscope) that antedated by decades a basic understanding of retinal physiology. From 1876 to 1877, Boll described photochemical bleaching of the retina and produced a crude retinal image that remained briefly visible after death in an experimental animal. From 1877 to 1881, Kühne elaborated the processes involved in photochemical transduction, and created more complex retinal images, or "optograms," that were visible after the death of experimental animals under special laboratory circumstances. In 1880, Kühne reported the first human "optogram" when he examined the eyes following the state execution of a convicted murderer. Although the work of these physiologists increased public interest in "optography" as a potential tool in forensic investigations, Kühne and his student, Ayres, concluded after an extensive series of investigations that optography would never be useful for this purpose. Nevertheless, because of the prior tantalizing results, optography became a frequent consideration in speculative news reports of sensational unsolved murders, and as a plot device in works of fiction, some quite fantastical. Fictional portrayals included works by Rudyard Kipling and Jules Verne. Despite denouncement of optography for forensic investigations by Kühne, and by numerous physicians, the general public and mass media continued to press for examination of the retinae of murder victims well into the twentieth century, particularly in high-profile unsolved cases. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Global Aspects of the Exploration of Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dryden, Hugh L.

    1959-01-01

    The interest of man in outer space began long ago among uncivilized peoples to whom the face of the sky was clock and almanac; the celestial bodies, objects of worship. Exploration was at first by visual observation, later aided by armillary spheres and quadrants, and still later by more precise measuring instruments, telescopes, and spectroscopes. The information obtained was that borne by the light that was transmitted from the distant celestial object through the atmosphere to the observing instrument on the ground. In recent years the light waves have been supplemented by radio waves as carriers of information from the stars and planets. Men of many nations have contributed through the centuries to the exploration of space by the methods of astronomy. The history of advances in astronomical knowledge and technique includes the records of Chinese, Babylonians, Greeks, Arabians, and of nearly every nation of the modern world. International cooperation was early recognized as essential and beneficial; the countless number of the stars and the vastness of space present mankind with a truly global task. The picture of the universe obtained by the astronomers early stirred the imagination of men to speculate about the existence of life elsewhere in the universe, about means of communication with distant stars, and in the last centuries about the possibility of the travel of man to the moon and planets. Some sought to apply the science and engineering of their day to describe the vehicles to be used. For example, Jules Verne published in 1865 in "From the Earth to the Moon" a description of a gun-launched projectile carrying passengers to orbit the moon. Today we have taken the first steps to bring this inspired vision to reality. The exploration of space by unmanned vehicles carrying scientific apparatus began on October 4, 1957; exploration by man will follow in due course.

  2. Methodology for Developing a Probabilistic Risk Assessment Model of Spacecraft Rendezvous and Dockings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnham, Steven J., II; Garza, Joel, Jr.; Castillo, Theresa M.; Lutomski, Michael

    2011-01-01

    In 2007 NASA was preparing to send two new visiting vehicles carrying logistics and propellant to the International Space Station (ISS). These new vehicles were the European Space Agency s (ESA) Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), the Jules Verne, and the Japanese Aerospace and Explorations Agency s (JAXA) H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV). The ISS Program wanted to quantify the increased risk to the ISS from these visiting vehicles. At the time, only the Shuttle, the Soyuz, and the Progress vehicles rendezvoused and docked to the ISS. The increased risk to the ISS was from an increase in vehicle traffic, thereby, increasing the potential catastrophic collision during the rendezvous and the docking or berthing of the spacecraft to the ISS. A universal method of evaluating the risk of rendezvous and docking or berthing was created by the ISS s Risk Team to accommodate the increasing number of rendezvous and docking or berthing operations due to the increasing number of different spacecraft, as well as the future arrival of commercial spacecraft. Before the first docking attempt of ESA's ATV and JAXA's HTV to the ISS, a probabilistic risk model was developed to quantitatively calculate the risk of collision of each spacecraft with the ISS. The 5 rendezvous and docking risk models (Soyuz, Progress, Shuttle, ATV, and HTV) have been used to build and refine the modeling methodology for rendezvous and docking of spacecrafts. This risk modeling methodology will be NASA s basis for evaluating the addition of future ISS visiting spacecrafts hazards, including SpaceX s Dragon, Orbital Science s Cygnus, and NASA s own Orion spacecraft. This paper will describe the methodology used for developing a visiting vehicle risk model.

  3. The genesis of neurosurgery and the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment: part II--concepts for future development, 2003 and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Charles Y; Spicer, Mark; Apuzzo, Michael L J

    2003-01-01

    The future development of the neurosurgical operative environment is driven principally by concurrent development in science and technology. In the new millennium, these developments are taking on a Jules Verne quality, with the ability to construct and manipulate the human organism and its surroundings at the level of atoms and molecules seemingly at hand. Thus, an examination of currents in technology advancement from the neurosurgical perspective can provide insight into the evolution of the neurosurgical operative environment. In the future, the optimal design solution for the operative environment requirements of specialized neurosurgery may take the form of composites of venues that are currently mutually distinct. Advances in microfabrication technology and laser optical manipulators are expanding the scope and role of robotics, with novel opportunities for bionic integration. Assimilation of biosensor technology into the operative environment promises to provide neurosurgeons of the future with a vastly expanded set of physiological data, which will require concurrent simplification and optimization of analysis and presentation schemes to facilitate practical usefulness. Nanotechnology derivatives are shattering the maximum limits of resolution and magnification allowed by conventional microscopes. Furthermore, quantum computing and molecular electronics promise to greatly enhance computational power, allowing the emerging reality of simulation and virtual neurosurgery for rehearsal and training purposes. Progressive minimalism is evident throughout, leading ultimately to a paradigm shift as the nanoscale is approached. At the interface between the old and new technological paradigms, issues related to integration may dictate the ultimate emergence of the products of the new paradigm. Once initiated, however, history suggests that the process of change will proceed rapidly and dramatically, with the ultimate neurosurgical operative environment of the future

  4. Breast cancer and per-operation electron radiotherapy: a review of the first 100 patients treated at the Jules-Bordet Institute; Cancer du sein et radiotherapie peroperatoire par electrons: revue des 100 premieres patientes traitees a l'institut Jules-Bordet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philippson, C.; Simon, S.; Vandekerkhove, C.; Veys, I.; Noterman, D.; Hertens, D.; Neubourg, F. De; Larsimont, D.; Van Houtte, P.; Nogaret, J.M. [Institutjules-Bordet, Bruxelles (Belgium)

    2011-10-15

    The authors briefly discuss the results obtained on a cohort of women treated by per-operation radiotherapy for breast cancer. This technique enables a dose equivalent to that of a conventional fractionated external radiotherapy to be delivered in a single session in the tumour bed. Moreover, a weaker dose can be delivered as a boost before a conventional irradiation. Immediate morbidity is steady. Some rare complications have been noticed. Short communication

  5. Vivir para contarla como trabajo mnemónico individual y colectivo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Julio Casado

    2006-01-01

    Latinamerikansk litteratur. Koloniale og postkoloniale studier. Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Selvbiografi.......Latinamerikansk litteratur. Koloniale og postkoloniale studier. Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Selvbiografi....

  6. Vivir para contarla como trabajo mnemónico individual y colectivo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Julio Casado

    2006-01-01

    Latinamerikansk litteratur. Koloniale og postkoloniale studier. Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Selvbiografi.......Latinamerikansk litteratur. Koloniale og postkoloniale studier. Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Selvbiografi....

  7. Empleo del método estratigráfico en el estudio de la vivienda rural vernácula construida con tierra. Un caso de aplicación en La Rioja, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolón, Guillermo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Earthen architecture, as being study subject, began in the last quarter of the twentieth century caused by the urgent need to preserve this type of building heritage worldwide. Nowadays, its scope has significantly increased and linked with other disciplinary fields. In this article, we present the preliminary results obtained from the study of earthen historic building by using theoretical and methodological tools developed within Archaeology of Architecture. The case herein discussed is a rural dwelling which was continuously inhabited. It was built during the second half of the nineteenth century in the valley regions in La Rioja province (Argentina. The study was jointly carried out using the wall stratigraphic method, the typology of rural housing and the analysis of different construction techniques.La Arquitectura en Tierra, como campo temático específico dentro de la disciplina de Arquitectura, renace a partir del último cuarto de siglo XX impulsada por la urgente necesidad de preservar este tipo de patrimonio construido en todo el mundo. En la actualidad, su campo de acción se ha incrementado notablemente, del mismo modo que su vinculación con otras disciplinas. En este texto exponemos los resultados previos surgidos del estudio de un edificio histórico doméstico en tierra empleando herramientas teóricas y metodológicas desarrolladas en el ámbito de la Arqueología de la Arquitectura. El caso abordado corresponde a una vivienda rural popular construida durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX en la región de los valles de la provincia argentina de La Rioja, con continuidad de uso hasta la actualidad. El estudio fue realizado empleando conjuntamente el método estratigráfico de alzados, la tipología de vivienda rural y el análisis de las diferentes técnicas constructivas.

  8. El impacto sociocultural de la migración en la evolución de la vivienda vernácula : región de la montaña de Guerrero, 1985-2006 /

    OpenAIRE

    Jerónimo Vargas, Constantino sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Arquitectura, presenta Constantino Jerónimo Vargas ; asesor Fernando Martín Juéz. 315, [1] páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Arquitectura UNAM, Facultad de Arquitectura, 2009

  9. El impacto sociocultural de la migración en la evolución de la vivienda vernácula : región de la montaña de Guerrero, 1985-2006 /

    OpenAIRE

    Jerónimo Vargas, Constantino sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Arquitectura, presenta Constantino Jerónimo Vargas ; asesor Fernando Martín Juéz. 315, [1] páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Arquitectura UNAM, Facultad de Arquitectura, 2009

  10. Variações lingüísticas e suas implicações no ensino do vernáculo: uma abordagem sociolingüística

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Assis

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available 0 quadro da realidade econômica brasileira evidência que a grande maioria da população pertence as camadas populares, i.e. camadas de baixo poder aquisitivo. Assim sendo, "nem é preciso buscar razões ideológicas ou politicas para concluir que a escola e, fundamentalmente, uma escola para o povo" (Soares, 1986:5. Entretanto, se por um lado não se pode negar uma já antiga preocupação do governo e de professores em busca de solução para a tão denunciada precariedade do ensino para o povo, através da democratização da escola, por outro lado, sabe-se que a escola ainda não conseguiu satisfatória e efetivamente atender a demanda das camadas populares, seja em termos qualitativos, seja em termos quantitativos. É um ensino marcado pelo fracasso, caracterizado pelo êxodo e pelo alto indice de repetência, sem falar no problema estigmatizador do analfabetismo que, em certas regiões, chega a um percentual médio de 60%.

  11. Sobre los Marginalia en la Carta Apologética (1735 de Manuel Fernández Sidrón: Lecturas en latín y vernáculo de un franciscano canario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas Salgado, Francisco

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The quality of records of all sorts regarding the type of books found in the libraries of the Canary Islands is enriched on some occasions by the inclusion of precise references to specific works. Such is the case of the Apologetic Letter (1735, by the Franciscan Manuel Fernández Sidrón. The aim of this work is to analyze the margins of this letter, where a considerable amount of quotations and references to authors and works can be appreciated. Althought the acceptance of a particular aim for these references is taken for granted, the marginal quotations disclose a whole world of books revealing not only the personal readings and tastes of the author, but also more general interests.A los registros de diverso tipo que existen sobre los libros que conformaron muchas bibliotecas en Canarias, se añade la referencia precisa que en determinadas obras se puede encontrar. Es el caso de la Carta apologética (1735, obra debida al franciscano Manuel Fernández Sidrón, en cuyos márgenes existe todo un cúmulo de citas de autores y obras, del cual va a tratar el siguiente trabajo. Aunque es lógico considerar que esta obra tiene unos fines concretos, estas citas marginales descubren un universo de libros que no sólo tienen que ver con unos gustos de lecturas particulares, sino también generales.

  12. Las excavaciones de Gabriel Llabrés, Rafael Isasi y Juan Llabrés en la ciudad romana de Pollentia (Alcudia, Mallorca (1923-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vallori Márquez, Bartomeu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological research in the Roman city of Pollentia (Alcúdia, Mallorca began in 1923 with the excavations of G. Llabrés and R. Isasi. From 1923 to 1946, their fieldwork affected large areas of the city and important remains were uncovered. In this article, the results of the revision of old documents from these excavations are presented. In short, this work has allowed the reconstruction of the fieldwork campaigns, particularly those carried out between 1942 and 1946, and also their location in the general plan of the site. All together this represents a remarkable advance in the knowledge of the topography in this provincial Roman city.La tradición arqueológica en la ciudad romana de Pollentia (Alcudia, Mallorca se remonta a la intervención de G. Llabrés y R. Isasi en 1923. Sus trabajos se prolongaron con cierta regularidad hasta 1946 y afectaron a amplias zonas realizando hallazgos destacables. En este artículo, se presenta el resultado de la consulta de documentación inédita acerca de estas intervenciones. Esto ha permitido reconstruir las campañas de excavación, especialmente las de 1942 a 1946, muy poco conocidas hasta ahora, y situarlas en la planta general del yacimiento, lo que supone un avance significativo en el conocimiento topográfico de esta ciudad romana de provincias.

  13. Analysis of the turbojet engine for propulsion of supersonic fighter airplanes / David S. Gabriel, Richard P. Krebs, E.Clinton Wilcox, Stanley L.Koutz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, David S; Krebs, Richard P; Wilcox, E Clinton; Koutz, Stanley L

    1953-01-01

    An analytical investigation was made of two supersonic interceptor type airplanes to determine the most desirable turbojet engine characteristics for this application The airplanes were designed differently primarily because of the amount of subsonic flight incorporated in the flight plan--one flight having none and the other, a cruise radius of 400 nautical miles. Several power plant design variables were varied independently to determine the effect of changes in each parameter on airplane performance. These parameters included compressor pressure ratio, compressor efficiency, turbine-inlet temperature, afterburner temperature, engine specific weight, and air-handling capacity. The effects of using a convergent-divergent exhaust nozzle and of changing the design flight Mach number were also investigated.

  14. Conqueror and Administrator: Civil and Military Actions of Marshall Louis-Gabriel Suchet in the Spanish Province of Aragon, 1808-1813

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    De Santander, Although not deeply religious, Suchet, whose education had been related to religion , identified the significant influence ofthe clergy...pinosa he wasre,placed by La Romana , made commander ,of the :forces of the Coronilla. ,He Jo~ght throughout" . :years 1809-::1.1 ’in:the :south

  15. La creación del espacio trágico en la obra de Gabriel García Márquez: una lectura sofoclea

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    La influencia de Sófocles y, concretamente, de las tragedias tebanas en la obra de García Márquez se manifiesta a niveles diversos: en la construcción de la trama, en la elaboración del personaje tiránico, en los temas de la violencia y el destino y, por supuesto, en el tratamiento del tiempo y del espacio. En este artículo se analiza la creación del espacio en García Márquez a través de dos elementos contrapuestos que provienen de su lectura de la tragedia sofoclea: el genos, símbolo de un e...

  16. La creación del espacio trágico en la obra de Gabriel García Márquez: Una lectura sofoclea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Reig Calpe

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The influence of Sophocles, particularly of his Theban tragedies, on García Márquez's work can be perceived at several different levels: in the construction of the plot, in the conception of the Tyrant character, in the violence and fate themes, and of course in the treatment of time and space. The focus of this paper lies on the construction of space in García Márquez's work through two opposed elements originating in his reading of Sophoclean tragedy: the genos, symbolic of a closed space, linked to a "round" time, which is the space of the narration; and the polis, an open, remote space, in which the time of History unfolds. This dichotomy is analyzed in several works by García Márquez, with special attention paid to Edipo alcalde. Thus, the tragic conflict of civil discord finds its reflection in a single, claustrophobic, and corrupted space

  17. El presidente Gabriel García Moreno, el Concordato y la administración de poblaciones en el Ecuador de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Kingman Garcés

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to study the changes in the way population groups were managed as a result of the installation of the Concordat between the Church and the Sate as a substitute for the Patronage, during the administration of President García Moreno, who ruled Ecuador between 1860 and 1875. Through this, the authors attempt to show the other face of catholic modernity: the role of active religious orders in the moral and corporal disciplining of women, children, and elders, as well as the relations of these with other State institutions, particularly the Police.

  18. AS FRONTEIRAS ENTRE A FICÇÃO E A REALIDADE EM VIVIR PARA CONTARLA DE GABRIEL GARCÍA MÁRQUEZ

    OpenAIRE

    Junior, José Veranildo Lopes da Costa; UFCG; Mata, Ariadne Costa da; UEPB

    2015-01-01

    Resumo: Muitos nomes têm sido dados, ao longo do tempo, à literatura produzida em primeira pessoa, cujo objetivo principal é contar a vida do próprio autor: escritas de si, literatura do “eu”, literatura memorialística, autobiografia ou autoficção. Na literatura latino-americana, as escritas de si estão presentes há séculos, empregadas por diversos escritores que se aventuraram a narrar suas histórias no descobrimento da América, no exílio, na ditadura e em outros momentos históricos do conti...

  19. Novecento all'Indice. La Condanna di Gabriele d'Annunzio, il modernismo e i rapporti Stato-Chiesa all'ombra del Concordato (1907-1939)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brera, MB

    2014-01-01

    Studies into the activity of the Congregation of the Index and of the Holy Office have examined extensively the history of Vatican’s practices of book censorship. While up until the 16th century the Church imposed substantial modifications to literary texts, mainly in order to moralise them, in the

  20. Image of the clergy in the cinema of the conquest of Mexico: the Black Legend in the “Nuevo Mundo” of Gabriel Retes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Jesús González Manrique

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The conquest and colonization of the territory now called Mexico has been a recurrent theme in Mexican film and, of course, the central role that the clergy has played in the evangelization of those lands has been present for the entirety of Mexican cinematography. In this historical genre, the representation of the clergy has varied depending upon historiographic tendencies and the important historic, political, and cultural events of the time that the film was made; in this way, we can see representation of the Catholic Church’s power on a spectrum that ranges from goodness to absolute wickedness. Most of the time these representations are based more on historical perceptions than available documentation. This article will analyze the evolution of clerical figures in conquest films, noting different modes of representation dictated by the official historiographical tendency in the moment that the film was made and presented to the public.

  1. Gabriele Dietze, Claudia Brunner, Edith Wenzel (Hg.: Kritik des Okzidentalismus. Transdisziplinäre Beiträge zu (Neo-Orientalismus und Geschlecht. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie Ulz

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In den Beiträgen dieses Sammelbandes wird das Selbstverständnis der westlich-abendländischen Welt analysiert, die sich über die Abgrenzung zu einem vermeintlich orientalischen ‚Anderen‘ als überlegen inszeniert. Okzidentalismus wird hierbei nicht als Gegendiskurs zu Orientalismus verstanden, vielmehr geht es darum, im Zuge der zu beobachtenden Wechselseitigkeit der Hervorbringungen das okzidentale ‚Selbst‘ theoretisch in den Blick zu nehmen. Obwohl sich die Rezensentin einen stärkeren Fokus auf die Bilderpolitiken dieses Diskurses gewünscht hätte, liefert die vorliegende Okzidentalismuskritik auf hervorragende Weise Hilfsmittel für die komplexe Analyse der gegenwärtig (erneut virulenten Inszenierung des ‚Okzidents‘ in Abgrenzung zum ‚Orient‘ sowie für die interdisziplinäre Etablierung dieser Perspektive als Forschungsansatz an die Hand.The essays in this collected volume analyze the self-conception of the western Occidental world, which stages itself in its distinction as superior to a supposedly oriental “other.” Occidentalism in this volume is not to be understood as a discourse placed in opposition to Orientalism, but rather the intention is to bring the Occidental “self” into theoretical focus through the examined reciprocity. Although the reviewer would have liked to see a stronger focus on the image politics of this discourse, this critique of Occidentalism excellently supplies helpful tools for the complex analysis of the (again current virulent staging of the “Occident” in contrast to the “Orient.” It also offers a beginning for the establishment of this perspective in terms of interdisciplinary research.

  2. El Síndrome de Agotamiento Laboral en los profesionales de enfermería del Hospital Luis Gabriel Dávila.

    OpenAIRE

    López Ruales, Rosa del Pilar; Peralta Artieda, María Cecilia

    2013-01-01

    Link original: http://axioma.pucesi.edu.ec/index.php/axioma/article/view/384/374 En los últimos años se ha desarrollado un gran interés por el estudio del estrés y los factores psicosociales relacionados con el trabajo y la repercusión de este sobre la salud de los trabajadores. Entre los efectos negativos, tanto físicos, psíquicos como conductuales que el estrés laboral tiene sobre el individuo y que pueden dar lugar a problemas a nivel colectivo, están el aumento del ausentismo laboral, ...

  3. Novecento all'Indice. La Condanna di Gabriele d'Annunzio, il modernismo e i rapporti Stato-Chiesa all'ombra del Concordato (1907-1939)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brera, MB

    2014-01-01

    Studies into the activity of the Congregation of the Index and of the Holy Office have examined extensively the history of Vatican’s practices of book censorship. While up until the 16th century the Church imposed substantial modifications to literary texts, mainly in order to moralise them, in the

  4. Translation Norms in Gabriel García Márquez's Cien años de soledad Translations into English, German, French, Portuguese, and Russian Normas de traducción en las versiones inglesa, alemana, francesa, portuguesa y rusa de Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Bolaños Cuéllar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I have attempted to review the general translation norms that were applied in the translations of Cien años de soledad into English, German, French, Portuguese, and Russian. First I have discussed the concept of norms from a socio-cultural perspective in order to propose a definition of translation norms that could be used as a guiding concept in the analysis of the different translated texts. The discussion takes place within the framework of modern empirical Translation Studies that is based on the actual textual comparison of original and translations. Finally, some conclusions are drawn accordinglyEn este artículo propongo revisar las normas generales de traducción que se emplearon en las traducciones inglesa, alemana, francesa, portuguesa y rusa de Cien años de soledad. En primer lugar, discuto la noción de normas desde un enfoque socio-cultural con el fin de proponer una definición de normas de traducción que pueda servir de concepto central en el análisis de las diversas traducciones. La discusión se lleva a cabo en el marco de los Estudios de la Traducción Modernos, con carácter empírico, que se basan en la comparación textual del original y las traducciones. Por último, se presentan las conclusiones respectivas

  5. Condições sanitárias e socioambientais em Iauaretê, área indígena em São Gabriel da Cachoeira, AM Sanitary and socio-environmental conditions in the Iauaretê indigenous area, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Luiz Giatti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Descrever condições sanitárias e socioambientais relevantes à saúde dos habitantes da sede do distrito de Iauaretê, área indígena na Amazônia brasileira que se destaca pela concentração populacional. MÉTODOS: A metodologia adotada foi quali-quantitativa e o método da pesquisa-ação foi utilizado principalmente para abordagens qualitativas, viabilizadas em reuniões comunitárias com indígenas e pesquisadores nas vilas componentes da sede do distrito. Foram construídos mapas-falantes; realizadas entrevistas; estudos da disposição de resíduos sólidos; localização, amostragem e análise da água de consumo humano; e aplicação de técnica de georeferenciamento. RESULTADOS: Das 65 amostras de água analisadas, 89,2% apresentaram presença de coliformes fecais.Quanto aos resíduos sólidos, não havia nenhuma solução sanitariamente correta para os mesmos. As práticas sanitárias dos indígenas eram preocupantes do ponto de vista de saúde pública e destoantes em relação ao relativo conhecimento dos mesmos. CONCLUSÕES: A peculiar problemática associada ao modo de vida imposto por uma sociedade envolvente demanda, para o equacionamento de questões de saúde coletiva, o desenvolvimento de ações conjuntas nos campos da infra-estrutura e da educação em saúde, preconizando a participação da comunidade local.OBJECTIVE: To describe sanitary, social and environmental conditions that are significant for health of residents in the Iauaretê Indigenous Area in Brazilian Amazonia, notable for its population concentration. METHOD: Qualitative and quantitative methodologies were used, with the action research method deployed mainly for qualitative approaches, through community meetings with tribespeople and researchers in the villages constituting the hub of the Area. Talking maps were prepared and interviews were conducted, together with studies of solid wastes disposal techniques, in addition to locating, sampling and analyzing the quality of water used for human consumption, in parallel to the use of geo-referencing techniques. RESULTS: Of the 65 water samples analyzed, 89.2% presented fecal coliforms, with no adequate sanitary solutions found for the disposal of solid wastes. From the public health standpoint, the sanitary practices of these indigenous peoples caused concern, clashing with their own relative knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: The specific set of problems associated with the way of life imposed by mainstream society requires the implementation of joint activities in the infra-structure and health education fields in order to solve collective health issues, stressing local community participation.

  6. 从艾儒略到朱自清:游记与"浪漫法兰西"形象的生成%From Jules Aleni to Zhu Ziqing: On Travel Netes and Creation of the Image of Romantic France in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟华

    2006-01-01

    什么词最能概括现代中国人心目中的法国形象?大多数人选择"浪漫"一词.但若再深问一句:法国何以是浪漫的?答案莫衷一是.本文认为,"浪漫法兰西"形象的起源始自法国神甫艾儒略的游记在中国的译介.张德彝和王韬追随艾儒略,现当代作家又追随张德彝和王韬,现代中国人心目中的"浪漫法兰西"形象就是在这种"同质"与"异质"的"互文"中构成的.

  7. 从艾儒略到朱自清:游记与"浪漫法兰西"形象的生成%From Jules Aleni to Zhu Ziqing:Travel accounts and the construction of "Romantic France"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟华

    2008-01-01

    Many Chinese believe that France is a"romantic"nation though they may offer different answers to the question"Why".A recent source study shows that this image comes from the travel note written by a French priest Julie Aleni when he took a mission in China,from Wonders in the Voyage and Traveling around Europe and America by Zhang Deyi,a Chinese diplomat in France at that time and from Travel Notes by Wang Tao.Therefore,many Chinese modem writers borrowed this image to their works.Hence it has been created as a set image in the intertextual context of cultural homogeneity and heterogeneity.Therefore,this paper is intended to trace the signs of these cultural interactions so as to see how"Romantic France"has come to be a set image in Chinese culture.%什么词最能概括现代中国人心目中的法国形象?大多数人选择"浪漫"一词.但若再深问一句:法国何以是浪漫的?答案莫衷一是."浪漫法兰西"形象的起源始自法国神甫艾儒略的游记在中国的译介.张德彝和王韬追随艾儒略,现当代作家又追随张德彝和王韬,现代中国人心目中的"浪漫法兰西"形象就是在这种"同质"与"异质"的"互文"中构成的.

  8. The International Space Station and the Space Debris Environment: 10 Years On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Nicholas; Klinkrad, Heiner

    2009-01-01

    tracked and cataloged have also been generated, but normally with even shorter orbital lifetimes. Finally, eight collision avoidance maneuvers have been performed to avoid potential collisions between ISS and large, tracked space debris. The most recent such maneuver was accomplished by ESA's Automated Transfer Vehicle, the Jules Verne, just three months before the 10th anniversary of the launch of ISS's first element.

  9. EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory Data in the College Classroom (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, S. C.; Olds, S. E.

    2009-12-01

    The Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) is the geodetic component of the EarthScope project, designed to study the 3-D strain field across the active boundary zone between the Pacific and North American tectonics plates in the western United States. All PBO data are freely available to scientific and educational communities and have been incorporated into a variety of activities for college and university classrooms. UNAVCO Education and Outreach program staff have worked closely with faculty users, scientific researchers, and facility staff to create materials that are scientifically and technically accurate as well as useful to the classroom user. Availability of processed GPS data is not new to the geoscience community. However, PBO data staff have worked with education staff to deliver data that are readily accessible to educators. The UNAVCO Data for Educators webpage, incorporating an embedded Google Map with PBO GPS locations and providing current GPS time series plots and downloadable data, extends and updates the datasets available to our community. Google Earth allows the visualization GPS data with other types of datasets, e.g. LiDAR, while maintaining the self-contained and easy-to-use interface of UNAVCO’s Jules Verne Voyager map tools, which have multiple sets of geological and geophysical data. Curricular materials provide scaffolds for using EarthScope data in a variety of forms for different learning goals. Simple visualization of earthquake epicenters and locations of volcanoes can be used with velocity vectors to make simple deductions of plate boundary behaviors. Readily available time series plots provide opportunities for additional science skills, and there are web and paper-based support materials for downloading data, manipulating tables, and using plotting programs for processed GPS data. Scientists have provided contextual materials to explore the importance of these data in interpreting the structure and dynamics of the Earth. These data

  10. Wisconsin builds a distributed resources collaborative: Looking for local solutions that work

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitchell, C.

    1995-12-01

    I`d like to tell you how I got involved in the DR Collaborative and why I`m here. John Nesbitt asked me to come, to be the public advocate, the bumblebee on the EPRI body politic. What follows is my own thought, not that of John or my fellow collaborators, who may or may not agree with me. How did I come to know John Nesbitt? In August 1991, I found that some Wisconsin utilities intended to run a 138 kV transmission line across my property, along the driveway where my kids ride their bikes, along the high ground where we walk to escape the mosquitoes in the summer, where we ski cross-country and admire the snowy view in the winter. As a result, I became intensely interested in the electric power business. One thing led to another. I got on the Board of Wisconsin Demand-Side Demonstrations (WDSD), representing a group called the Citizens` Utility Board (CUB). I met Mr. Nesbitt. We shared an interest in distributed resources (DR). Along with some others, we conspired to initiate the Targeted Area Planning (TAP) collaborative. TAP is what we call DR in Wisconsin. I began to talk in acronyms. The simple truth is, I detest transmission lines. And, since transmission lines are invariably hooked up to central generation, I have no love for big power plants either. That whole system approach looks excessive and outdated to me, a vestige of the nineteenth century, Jules Verne without the romance. My opinion is, who needs it? I am aware that my opinion is not shared by everyone. I grant you that transmission lines might be a mite more acceptable if the thousands of landowners like me who presently subsidize their existence were receiving compensation, say an annual commodity transfer fee, that reflected some small portion of the value of transmission lines in the present system. That is certainly not the case, and if it were, the present system, when and if deregulated, would price itself out of existence all the more quickly.

  11. Voyager Interactive Web Interface to EarthScope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, S. C.; Meertens, C. M.; Estey, L.; Weingroff, M.; Hamburger, M. W.; Holt, W. E.; Richard, G. A.

    2004-12-01

    tectonic processes are reflected in observed geophysical phenomena. Constructing maps by controlling map parameters and answering open-ended questions which describe, compare relationships, and work with both observed and model data, promote conceptual understanding of plate tectonics and related processes. The goals of curricular development emphasize inquiry, development of critical thinking skills, and student-centered interests. Custom editions of the map utility have been made as the "Jules Verne Voyager" and "Voyager Junior", for the International Lithosphere Project's "Global Strain Rate Map", and for EarthScope Education and Outreach as "EarthScope Voyager Jr.". For the latter, a number of EarthScope-specific features have been added, including locations of proposed USArray (seismic), Plate Boundary Observatory (geodetic), and San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth sites, plus detailed maps and geographically referenced examples of EarthScope-related scientific investigations. As EarthScope develops, maps will be updated in `real time' so that students of all ages can use the data in formal and informal educational settings.

  12. Phytochemistry as a means for checking erroneously localized specimens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenis, van C.G.G.J.

    1969-01-01

    In Flores, Timor, and some other of the Lesser Sunda Islands at least two distinct species of Eucalyptus occur, E. alba (vern. hoë) in the lowland and low hills and a second species (vern. anpupu) in the hills and mountains. A century ago Blume described some eucalypts from the Leyden Herbarium base

  13. French school and World War First: neurological consequences of a frightening time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Marleide da Mota

    2015-05-01

    Some aspects of a dark period in the history of the modern neurology, that of the World War I (WWI), are here remembered, mainly by the neurological French School participation . Some personalities and their works related to the WWI are presented such as Joseph Babinski, Jules Froment, Clovis Vincent, Jules Joseph Dejerine, Augusta Déjérine-Klumpke, Jules Tinel, Pierre Marie, Achille Alexandre Souques, Charles Foix, and Georges Guillain.

  14. French school and World War First: neurological consequences of a frightening time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Some aspects of a dark period in the history of the modern neurology, that of the World War I (WWI, are here remembered, mainly by the neurological French School participation . Some personalities and their works related to the WWI are presented such as Joseph Babinski, Jules Froment, Clovis Vincent, Jules Joseph Dejerine, Augusta Déjérine-Klumpke, Jules Tinel, Pierre Marie, Achille Alexandre Souques, Charles Foix, and Georges Guillain.

  15. Stay active and exercise - arthritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Gabriel SE, et al, eds. Kelly's Textbook of Rheumatology . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap ... Gabriel SE, et al, eds. Kelly's Textbook of Rheumatology . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:chap ...

  16. Ulrike Auga, Claudia Bruns, Dorothea Dornhof, Gabriele Jähnert (Hg.: Dämonen, Vamps und Hysterikerinnen. Geschlechter- und Rassenfigurationen in Wissen, Medien und Alltag um 1900. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Kliewer

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In der Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Christina von Braun widmen sich ehemalige Studierende der Kulturwissenschaftlerin der Krise der Kultur nach der Jahrhundertwende um 1900 sowie dem Phänomen des ‚Abnormen‘, wie es sich etwa in Konstruktionen von Vamps, Perversen und Primitiven findet. In den Beiträgen werden dabei Themen aus so unterschiedlichen Bereichen wie Alltag, Medien (u. a. zu Filmen von Murnau und Lubitsch, Wissenschaft (u. a. zu Freud und Haeckel, Religion und Kunst (u. a. zum Marquis de Sade und zu Stefan Zweig aufgegriffen.In this Festschrift commemorating Christina von Braun’s 65th birthday, former students of the cultural scientist dedicate themselves to the crisis of culture after the turn of the century around 1900 and to the phenomenon of the ‘abnormal,’ as it can, for example, be found in constructions of vamps, perverts, and primitives. The articles discuss topics from a very diverse range of realms such as everyday life, media (films by Murnau and Lubitsch, among others, academia (e.g. Freud and Haeckel, religion and art (Marquis de Sade and Stefan Zweig, among others.

  17. Zur Erinnerung an Gustav Robert Kirchhoff / Aufsätze von Robert v Helmholtz, August W. v. Hofmann, Friedrich Pockels und Emil Warburg zusammengestellt von Gabriele Dörflinger

    OpenAIRE

    Helmholtz, Robert von; Hofmann, August Wilhelm von; Pockels, Friedrich; Warburg, Emil

    2014-01-01

    Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824-1887) lehrte von 1854 bis 1875 als Physikprofessor an der Heidelberger Universität. Hier entdeckte er 1859/60 gemeinsam mit Robert Wilhelm Bunsen die Spektralanalyse. Die Aufsatzsammlung enthält: 1.) Robert von Helmholtz: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 2.) August W. Hofmann: Gedächtnisrede auf Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 3.) Friedrich Pockels: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff 4.) Emil Warburg: Zur Erinnerung an Gustav Robert Kirchhoff

  18. Normas de traducción en las versiones inglesa, alemana, francesa, portuguesa y rusa de Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Bolaños Cuéllar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo propongo revisar las normas generales de traducción que se emplearon en las traducciones inglesa, alemana, francesa, portuguesa y rusa de Cien años de soledad. En primer lugar, discuto la noción de normas desde un enfoque socio-cultural con el fin de proponer una definición de normas de traducción que pueda servir de concepto central en el análisis de las diversas traducciones. La discusión se lleva a cabo en el marco de los Estudios de la Traducción Modernos, con carácter empírico, que se basan en la comparación textual del original y las traducciones. Por último, se presentan las conclusiones respectivas.

  19. Dos presos de la nación: El Patriarca en El Otoño del Patriarca de Gabriel García Márquez El Primer Magistrado en el Recurso del Método de Alejo Carpentier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urša Geršak

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo trata el problema de la dictadura y del dictador en la literatura, pero también en su contexto social e histórico. Lo problematiza como fenómeno total, tratando primero acercarse con una explicación semántica, luego histórica y social, dar un repaso por la literatura del género, para luego concentrarse en dos obras sobre el dictador: El Otoño del Patriarca de García Márquez y el Recurso del Método de Carpentier. Ambas se editaron en los años setenta y contienen rasgos de las sociedades bajo regímenes dictatoriales. Intentamos aclarar el concepto de "América Latina", cómo está trabajado en ambas novelas, con especial atención a dos cuestiones sobresalientes: las intervenciones extranjeras y la represión, que junto al tema del "poder" son los temas centrales de las dos novelas.

  20. On creative ideas of Gabriel Garcia Marquez from "Hundred Years of Solitude"%从《百年孤独》看加西亚·马尔克斯的创作理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    井小丽

    2011-01-01

    加西亚·马尔克斯的创作理念在于向读者揭示20世纪上半叶哥伦比亚乃至整个拉丁美洲所处的封闭、落后、腐败和独裁的社会氛围.是马尔克斯前半生的一部煌煌大作,堪称是一部人类社会的发展史,是美洲新大陆的文明史,它以极其丰富的内容再现了一个国家,一个民族,乃至一个大陆的产生、发展、兴旺、衰亡的全过程.

  1. Contribution à une étude des constructions antéposées du type : « En homme intelligent et humain, il partagea tout de suite l'inquiétude de Marcel » (J. Verne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Vigier

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article nous nous intéressons à une gamme de syntagmes prépositionnels (SP régis par la préposition « en » et dénotant une attitude, un comportement, un statut, une propriété plus ou moins permanente d’un actant. Nous étudions en particulier les emplois où ce SP apparaît détaché en tête de phrase, configuration peu étudiée jusqu’à présent à notre connaissance, notamment à partir de données attestées. Nous montrons que la portée sémantique de ces constituants ainsi que l’évaluation dont ils témoignent diffèrent sensiblement selon qu’ils apparaissent en position détachée frontale ou intraprédicative postverbale liée. Nous insistons enfin sur le caractère fréquemment polyphonique des énoncés qui les hébergentThis paper focuses on a set of Prepositional Phrases (PPs governed by the preposition “en” and indicating an attitude, a behaviour pattern, a status or a more or less permanent property of a participant. We study in particular sentences where the PP is placed in initial detached position, a construction to which little attention has been paid until now, especially when based on corpus data. We show that the semantic scope of these constituents and the judgement they express vary significantly according to their position (at the head of the sentence versus after the verb. We insist finally on the frequently polyphonic dimension of the sentences in which these constituents appear.

  2. Estudio de la adecuación al entorno natural de la vivienda vernácula en la Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Tamaulipas, México un análisis comparativo con la Reserva Sierra La Laguna, en Baja California Sur, México

    OpenAIRE

    Gali Leal, Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    En algunas ocasiones, por lo general en el transcurso de una conversación que sobre arquitectura se tenga, es usual escuchar algo sobre dos tópicos comunes, uno de ellos, referente a una frase de una familia que en México se expresó sobre la difícil experiencia de habitar en una vivienda que fuese premio nacional de arquitectura, y no precisamente por las múltiples entrevistas de que pudiese ser objeto, sino por lo incómodo de aquello que para los arquitectos es lo que se ve mejor, y de allí ...

  3. La lengua vernácula en los paratextos de los diccionarios y tratados sobre la lengua bajo el reinado de los Reyes Católicos: del romance contrapuesto al latín al castellano compañero del imperio

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta la evolución del estatuto de la lengua castellana en los prólogos de las primeras ediciones de los diccionarios y artes dedicados a la lengua, publicados en Castilla a lo largo del reinado de los Reyes Católicos por cuatro autores: Antonio de Nebrija, principalmente, pero también Alfonso de Palencia, Rodrigo Fernández de Santaella, Fray Pedro de Alcalá. Fijándose en las sucesivas denominaciones de la lengua vulgar castellana y en el papel que le atribuyen los distintos p...

  4. The Jobs behind the Science

    CERN Multimedia

    Jacques Fichet; Jules Ordan; Anna Cook; Jacques Fichet

    2015-01-01

    Recruitments service promotes this clip "The Jobs behind the Science" Réalisé par Jules Ordan Produit par Jacques Fichet Voix off Anna Cook Musique : Unphased. Les musiciens: - Carlos Rosales - Tim McGarry - Ary Porat - Elio Jaillet - Jules Ordan - Didier Fellay

  5. Improving the Fit of a Land-Surface Model to Data Using its Adjoint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raoult, Nina; Jupp, Tim; Cox, Peter; Luke, Catherine

    2016-04-01

    Land-surface models (LSMs) are crucial components of the Earth System Models (ESMs) which are used to make coupled climate-carbon cycle projections for the 21st century. The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) is the land-surface model used in the climate and weather forecast models of the UK Met Office. In this study, JULES is automatically differentiated using commercial software from FastOpt, resulting in an analytical gradient, or adjoint, of the model. Using this adjoint, the adJULES parameter estimation system has been developed, to search for locally optimum parameter sets by calibrating against observations. We present an introduction to the adJULES system and demonstrate its ability to improve the model-data fit using eddy covariance measurements of gross primary production (GPP) and latent heat (LE) fluxes. adJULES also has the ability to calibrate over multiple sites simultaneously. This feature is used to define new optimised parameter values for the 5 Plant Functional Types (PFTS) in JULES. The optimised PFT-specific parameters improve the performance of JULES over 90% of the FLUXNET sites used in the study. These reductions in error are shown and compared to reductions found due to site-specific optimisations. Finally, we show that calculation of the 2nd derivative of JULES allows us to produce posterior probability density functions of the parameters and how knowledge of parameter values is constrained by observations.

  6. 75 FR 54418 - Public Notice for a Change in Use of Aeronautical Property Associated With Wiscasset Municipal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... to George L. Worden it ux, dated May 29, 1968 and recorded in the Lincoln County Registry of Deeds... August 25, 2010. LaVerne F. Reid, Manager, Airports Division, New England Region. BILLING CODE 4910-13-M...

  7. learner perceptions in design critiques: impact on creative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Communication Design students at the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. ... teacher in creating the appropriate learning ..... and create tension-filled environments, which ... Verne, CA: Architecture and Research. Press.

  8. The Realities of War: Assessing the Operational Risk of Revoking the Combat Exclusion Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    programs, see: Everett Harman, Peter Frykman, Christopher Palmer, Eric Lammi, Katy Reynolds, and Verne Backus, “Effects of a Specifically Designed...Mauch, Beverly Ann Bendekgey, Kathleen M. Joyce, Julio Luna, and David Moser, Report to the Secretary of Defense, Washington D.C., July 1993. 84...Christopher Palmer, Eric Lammi, Katy Reynolds, and Verne Backus. “Effects of a Specifically Designed Physical Conditioning Program on the Load Carriage and

  9. Cell Calcium and the Control of Membrane Transport. Annual Symposium of the Society of General Physiologists (40th) Held in Woods Hole, Massachusetts on September 3-7, 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Atif embrane Tran sport Chapter 9 A Chemical Link in Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Skel- etal Muscle Julio !ergara, Kamlesh Asotra, and Michael...much smaller lesions ("holes" of effective diameter 4 nm). but has the advantage of being quick and chemically clean and the "holes" can be vern ...the upper limit of the normal range of Ca> determined in intact cells. The verN steep dependence of the uniporter upon Ca> means that any increase in

  10. Factors Required for Successful Future Research in Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    Verne Wheelwright. Uruvcrsit)’ of Houston, Clear-Lake 16 AC/UNU Mllk�.1Wll ProJect - Implementation of Futures Research in Decision Making...parts of the city separated by a 14 Submitted by Verne Wheelwright, Department of Studies of the Futw"e, University of Houston, Clear-Lake, Texas 1...Russian Fed. Abidjan, Ivory Coast Stanislaw Orzeszyna Julio A. Millan B. World Health Organization Jaya Kothai Pillai M. Salihu, Vice Chancellor

  11. Network Monitoring and Diagnosis Based on Available Bandwidth Measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-01

    encouragements helped me pass those tough early days in the US. I would also like to thank my officemates Julio Lopez and Rajesh Balan, both system experts. With...tradeoffs of structured overlays in a dynamic non-transitive network. In MIT 6.829 Fall 2003 class project, December 2003. [52] Ramesh Govindan and Vern ...using packet quartets. In ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Workshop 2002, 2002. [92] Vern Paxson. Measurements and Analysis of End-to-End Internet

  12. Discovering plate boundaries: Laboratory and classroom exercises using geodetic data to develop students' understanding of plate motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olds, S. E.

    2010-12-01

    available, the Jules Verne Voyager (JVV) interactive map tools are available online and are very well received by educators in introductory Earth science courses. In response to requests for easily accessible and usable data, UNAVCO built the Data for Educators webpage, incorporating an embedded Google Map with GPS locations and providing current GPS time series plots and downloadable data from the Plate Boundary Observatory. To extend and update the datasets available to our community, UNAVCO has developed a GPS velocity viewer using Google Maps technology and provides a learning- focused KMZ combining geophysical data sets for Google-Earth. By combining near real-time geodetic data with modern visualization tools into inquiry-based learning resources, students are deepening their understanding about the active nature of plate margins and gain a solid foundation for learning future concepts. UNAVCO is a non-profit, membership-governed consortium funded by the National Science Foundation and NASA.

  13. Snow drift: acoustic sensors for avalanche warning and research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehning, M.; Naaim, F.; Naaim, M.; Brabec, B.; Doorschot, J.; Durand, Y.; Guyomarc'h, G.; Michaux, J.-L.; Zimmerli, M.

    Based on wind tunnel measurements at the CSTB (Jules Verne) facility in Nantes and based on field observations at the SLF experimental site Versuchsfeld Weissfluhjoch, two acoustic wind drift sensors are evaluated against different mechanical snow traps and one optical snow particle counter. The focus of the work is the suitability of the acoustic sensors for applications such as avalanche warning and research. Although the acoustic sensors have not yet reached the accuracy required for typical research applications, they can, however, be useful for snow drift monitoring to help avalanche forecasters. The main problem of the acoustic sensors is a difficult calibration that has to take into account the variable snow properties. Further difficulties arise from snow fall and high wind speeds. However, the sensor is robust and can be operated remotely under harsh conditions. It is emphasized that due to the lack of an accurate reference method for snow drift measurements, all sensors play a role in improving and evaluating snow drift models. Finally, current operational snow drift models and snow drift sensors are compared with respect to their usefulness as an aid for avalanche warning. While drift sensors always make a point measurement, the models are able to give a more representative drift index that is valid for a larger area. Therefore, models have the potential to replace difficult observations such as snow drift in operational applications. Current models on snow drift are either only applicable in flat terrain, are still too complex for an operational application (Lehning et al., 2000b), or offer only limited information on snow drift, such as the SNOWPACK drift index (Lehning et al., 2000a). On the other hand, snow drift is also difficult to measure. While mechanical traps (Mellor 1960; Budd et al., 1966) are probably still the best reference, they require more or less continuous manual operation and are thus not suitable for remote locations or long

  14. UNAVCO Software and Services for Visualization and Exploration of Geoscience Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meertens, C.; Wier, S.

    2007-12-01

    UNAVCO has been involved in visualization of geoscience data to support education and research for several years. An early and ongoing service is the Jules Verne Voyager, a web browser applet built on the GMT that displays any area on Earth, with many data set choices, including maps, satellite images, topography, geoid heights, sea-floor ages, strain rates, political boundaries, rivers and lakes, earthquake and volcano locations, focal mechanisms, stress axes, and observed and modeled plate motion and deformation velocity vectors from geodetic measurements around the world. As part of the GEON project, UNAVCO has developed the GEON IDV, a research-level, 4D (earth location, depth and/or altitude, and time), Java application for interactive display and analysis of geoscience data. The GEON IDV is designed to meet the challenge of investigating complex, multi-variate, time-varying, three-dimensional geoscience data anywhere on earth. The GEON IDV supports simultaneous displays of data sets from differing sources, with complete control over colors, time animation, map projection, map area, point of view, and vertical scale. The GEON IDV displays gridded and point data, images, GIS shape files, and several other types of data. The GEON IDV has symbols and displays for GPS velocity vectors, seismic tomography, earthquake focal mechanisms, earthquake locations with magnitude or depth, seismic ray paths in 3D, seismic anisotropy, convection model visualization, earth strain axes and strain field imagery, and high-resolution 3D topographic relief maps. Multiple data sources and display types may appear in one view. As an example of GEON IDV utility, it can display hypocenters under a volcano, a surface geology map of the volcano draped over 3D topographic relief, town locations and political boundaries, and real-time 3D weather radar clouds of volcanic ash in the atmosphere, with time animation. The GEON IDV can drive a GeoWall or other 3D stereo system. IDV output

  15. Earthquakes in Action: Incorporating Multimedia, Internet Resources, Large-scale Seismic Data, and 3-D Visualizations into Innovative Activities and Research Projects for Today's High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Konter, B.; Jacobs, A.; Lawrence, K.; Kilb, D.

    2006-12-01

    The most effective means of communicating science to today's "high-tech" students is through the use of visually attractive and animated lessons, hands-on activities, and interactive Internet-based exercises. To address these needs, we have developed Earthquakes in Action, a summer high school enrichment course offered through the California State Summer School for Mathematics and Science (COSMOS) Program at the University of California, San Diego. The summer course consists of classroom lectures, lab experiments, and a final research project designed to foster geophysical innovations, technological inquiries, and effective scientific communication (http://topex.ucsd.edu/cosmos/earthquakes). Course content includes lessons on plate tectonics, seismic wave behavior, seismometer construction, fault characteristics, California seismicity, global seismic hazards, earthquake stress triggering, tsunami generation, and geodetic measurements of the Earth's crust. Students are introduced to these topics through lectures-made-fun using a range of multimedia, including computer animations, videos, and interactive 3-D visualizations. These lessons are further enforced through both hands-on lab experiments and computer-based exercises. Lab experiments included building hand-held seismometers, simulating the frictional behavior of faults using bricks and sandpaper, simulating tsunami generation in a mini-wave pool, and using the Internet to collect global earthquake data on a daily basis and map earthquake locations using a large classroom map. Students also use Internet resources like Google Earth and UNAVCO/EarthScope's Jules Verne Voyager Jr. interactive mapping tool to study Earth Science on a global scale. All computer-based exercises and experiments developed for Earthquakes in Action have been distributed to teachers participating in the 2006 Earthquake Education Workshop, hosted by the Visualization Center at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (http

  16. Snow drift: acoustic sensors for avalanche warning and research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Lehning

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on wind tunnel measurements at the CSTB (Jules Verne facility in Nantes and based on field observations at the SLF experimental site Versuchsfeld Weissfluhjoch, two acoustic wind drift sensors are evaluated against different mechanical snow traps and one optical snow particle counter. The focus of the work is the suitability of the acoustic sensors for applications such as avalanche warning and research. Although the acoustic sensors have not yet reached the accuracy required for typical research applications, they can, however, be useful for snow drift monitoring to help avalanche forecasters. The main problem of the acoustic sensors is a difficult calibration that has to take into account the variable snow properties. Further difficulties arise from snow fall and high wind speeds. However, the sensor is robust and can be operated remotely under harsh conditions. It is emphasized that due to the lack of an accurate reference method for snow drift measurements, all sensors play a role in improving and evaluating snow drift models. Finally, current operational snow drift models and snow drift sensors are compared with respect to their usefulness as an aid for avalanche warning. While drift sensors always make a point measurement, the models are able to give a more representative drift index that is valid for a larger area. Therefore, models have the potential to replace difficult observations such as snow drift in operational applications. Current models on snow drift are either only applicable in flat terrain, are still too complex for an operational application (Lehning et al., 2000b, or offer only limited information on snow drift, such as the SNOWPACK drift index (Lehning et al., 2000a. On the other hand, snow drift is also difficult to measure. While mechanical traps (Mellor 1960; Budd et al., 1966 are probably still the best reference, they require more or less continuous manual operation and are thus not suitable for remote locations

  17. Plate Boundary Observatory Infrastructure and Data Products in Education and Outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, S. C.; Barbour, K.; Lee, E.

    2005-12-01

    of young scientists and more established scientists broadening their research interests. In addition, collecting, manipulating, and aggregating real scientific data for classroom use is a current priority in science education. Educators want their students to use these data to draw conclusions following the logical processes characteristic of the scientific endeavor. Hence, PBO is a natural source of data for use in the classroom. Staff and community members are designing higher level data products for a variety of audiences in formal education (students and instructors in middle/high school, community colleges, undergraduate science majors and students in general science education, graduate students) and in informal education (museums, park information centers, science centers, and media. PBO is working on a chapter for the Earth Exploration Toolbox (http://serc.carleton.edu/eet/) for undergraduate general science education, and the Jules Verne Voyager will include a user-friendly interface and associated educational materials. Evaluation of the effectiveness of this entire program and of individual projects and products is a major undertaking. The multitude of tasks, integration of these tasks into a coherent program, and identification of resources for evaluation are both opportunities and challenges in helping build a program with measurable impact.

  18. All Bush’s Horses and All Bush’s Men: How Far Should the U.S. Go to Help Put Colombia Back Together Again

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    and this one proudly defines itself as “Colombian,” pointing to a national literature ( Gabriel Garcia Marquez its most renowned expression...5 Wiarda, 33. 6 Gabriel Marcela and Donald Schulz. Colombia’s Three Wars: U.S. Strategy at the Crossroads (Carlisle, PA.: Strategic Studies...Now, and What Is To Be Done,” Strategic Studies Institute (June 2001): 1-40. Marcela, Gabriel and Donald Schulz. “Colombia’s Three Wars: U.S

  19. Operations Events Census Report: Volume IV. 1981 through 1985. Sanitized Version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    0964 GARCIA , DANIEL 0599 GARCIA , DAVID MARQUEZ 0869 GARDNER, HAROLD J. 0916 GARDNER, ROBERT C. 0638 GARDNER, STEVEN K. 0837 GARNER, MICHAEL M. 0837...V FULTON, DAVID L. 0599 FULWYLER, NILES J. 0935 FUNSTON, NELSON E. 0636 FUTRELL, DONALD K. 0935 GABRIEL , DANNY J. 0935 GABRIEL , JANET 0974 GABRIEL ...FRANCIS G. 0935 MARQUEZ , IAN R. 0963 MARR, JAMES E., III 0648 MARRS, CLIFFORD C. 0636 MARSHALL, JOE T. 0680 MARSHALL, LARRY L. 0655 MARTIN, CARLETON

  20. Soft Means and Hard Ends: Assessing Hugo Chavez’s Efforts to Counter United States’ Preponderance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    rebels represented a growing nationalist faction of 67 Quoted by Gabriel Garcia Marquez in Richard Gott, In the Shadow of the Liberator: Hugo Chavez...representative democracy and human 37 Martin, Michael R. and Gabriel H. Lovett, Encyclopedia of Latin-American History, (New York: The Bobbs-Merrill...Company, Inc., 1968), 222. 38 Martin, Michael R. and Gabriel H. Lovett, Encyclopedia of Latin-American History. 39 Atkins, G. Pope, Latin America and