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Sample records for judge daly promontory

  1. Salvador Dali : 1904-1989

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Sürrealismi joonte levimine mööblikujundusse - Salvador Dali Edvard Jamesile kavandatud diivan "Mae Westi huuled". Diivani ideeks Dali maal "Mae Westi nägu, mida võiks kasutada sürrealistliku ruumina", mille järgi on sisustatud üks ruum 1973. a. Hispaanias Figuerases avatud Dali majamuuseumis. 2 ill

  2. Salvador Dali : 1904-1989

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Sürrealismi joonte levimine mööblikujundusse - Salvador Dali Edvard Jamesile kavandatud diivan "Mae Westi huuled". Diivani ideeks Dali maal "Mae Westi nägu, mida võiks kasutada sürrealistliku ruumina", mille järgi on sisustatud üks ruum 1973. a. Hispaanias Figuerases avatud Dali majamuuseumis. 2 ill

  3. Judge Financial, Administrative Judge

    OpenAIRE

    Kurek, Aline

    2010-01-01

    As a specialised administrative judge, the financial judge, understood in the sense of the Auditors Court, of the regional Auditors Courts and of the Court of budgetary and financial discipline, has a ratione materiae jurisdiction. It is the judge's duty to ensure compliance with budgetary and national accounting rules. The perspective tending to view the financial judge as a administrative judge, that is to say as an ordinary administrative judge, may consequently give rise to certain object...

  4. Promontory electrical stimulation to elicit vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jonas J-H; Shen, Anmin; Westhofen, Martin

    2015-03-01

    Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) provoked electrically at the promontory provide a feasible method to record vestibular responses in awake patients. Electrically evoked VEMP testing has been performed by galvanic stimulation at the mastoid so far. The present study examined an electrical stimulation mode close to the otolith organs at the promontory. Fourteen cochlear implant candidates who were planned for clinical routine promontory stimulation testing (PST) to assess auditory nerve function underwent promontory VEMP testing. After testing the cochlear nerve function during PST promontory cervical VEMPs (p-c-VEMPs) and promontory ocular VEMPs (p-o-VEMPs) were recorded during subsequent transtympanic electrical stimulation at the promontory. Promontory VEMP testing was well tolerated by the patients. Mean latencies for p-c-VEMPs were 10.30 ± 2.23 ms (p1) and 17.86 ± 3.83 ms (n1). Mean latencies for p-o-VEMPs were 7.64 ± 1.24 ms (n1) and 11.2 ± 1.81 ms (p1). The stimulation threshold level was measured at 0.15 ± 0.07 mA for p-c-VEMPs and at 0.19 ± 0.11 mA for p-o-VEMPs. The discomfort level was found to be at 0.78 ± 0.29 mA for p-c-VEMPs and at 0.69 ± 0.25 mA for p-oVEMPs. Mean p1-n1 amplitude in p-c-VEMPs was 124.78 ± 56.55 µV and p-o-VEMPs showed a mean n1-p1 amplitude of 30.94 ± 18.98 µV.

  5. Prosodic focus marking in Dali Mandarin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, L.Z.H.; van de Velde, H.; Chen, A.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated prosodic marking of focus in Dali Mandarin, a variety of Xinan Guanhua (Southwestern Mandarin) spoken in Dali city, the capital of Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, China. Dali Mandarin as a variety of Mandarin has had heavy contact with Bai, a Tibeto-Burman language, for a lon

  6. Arreteeriti Salvador Dali võltsija

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Hispaania politsei arreteeris Cadaquesis Salvador Dali endise sekretäri, ameeriklase John Peter Moore'i, kes tabati Dali võltslitograafiate müümiselt. Läbiotsimisel leiti Moore'i majast sadu võltsinguid

  7. Arreteeriti Salvador Dali võltsija

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Hispaania politsei arreteeris Cadaquesis Salvador Dali endise sekretäri, ameeriklase John Peter Moore'i, kes tabati Dali võltslitograafiate müümiselt. Läbiotsimisel leiti Moore'i majast sadu võltsinguid

  8. DALI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelsma, Judith G M; van Poppel, Mireille N M; Galjaard, Sander

    2013-01-01

    Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasing problem world-wide. Lifestyle interventions and/or vitamin D supplementation might help prevent GDM in some women.......Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasing problem world-wide. Lifestyle interventions and/or vitamin D supplementation might help prevent GDM in some women....

  9. Congenital toxoplasmosis and DALYs in the Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kortbeek, L.M.; Hofhuis, A.; Nijhuis, C.D.; Havelaar, A.H.

    2009-01-01

    The calculation of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) enables public health policy makers to compare the burden of disease of a specific disease with that of other (infectious) diseases. The incidence of a disease is important for the calculation of DALYs. To estimate the incidence of congenital

  10. Juvenile Judge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    SHANG Xiuyun was among the first sitting judges when the juvenile court was set up in Beijing 10 years ago. With enriched experience she has altered the way judges ask questions in court. She began the practice of inviting juvenile offenders, their parents, relatives, friends and teachers to the juvenile court to work hand in hand in dealing with cases: Facing their relatives and friends and hearing their heartfelt words, juvenile offenders would often be touched, thus bringing forth a positive attitude toward life.

  11. Salvador Dali Kopenhaagenis / Ave Räkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Räkk, Ave

    1999-01-01

    Salvador Dalí näitus Kopenhaageni moodsa kunsti muuseumis Arkenis kuni 2. I 2000. Eksponeeritud 119 originaaljoonistust autobiograafilisest raamatust 'The secret life of Salvador Dali', umbes 300 illustratsiooni, graafikat, skulptuure, kuld ja klaasehistöid, mööblit ja üks maal: 1944. a. valminud, esmakordselt avalikkuse ees olev 'Papillion'.

  12. Salvador Dali Kopenhaagenis / Ave Räkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Räkk, Ave

    1999-01-01

    Salvador Dalí näitus Kopenhaageni moodsa kunsti muuseumis Arkenis kuni 2. I 2000. Eksponeeritud 119 originaaljoonistust autobiograafilisest raamatust 'The secret life of Salvador Dali', umbes 300 illustratsiooni, graafikat, skulptuure, kuld ja klaasehistöid, mööblit ja üks maal: 1944. a. valminud, esmakordselt avalikkuse ees olev 'Papillion'.

  13. JUDGING SELECTION: APPOINTING CANADIAN JUDGES

    OpenAIRE

    Peter McCormick

    2015-01-01

    Since the 1970s, the appointment of trial judges in Canada has generally involved an arms-length committee of professionals, although the structure of these committees and their role in the process has varied from province to province, as well as evolving over time. Yet these “new” structures and “new” processes did not prevent a major judicial appointment scandal in the province of Quebec in 2010, culminating in the formation of the Bastarache Committee to recommend changes. This paper summa...

  14. Rainfall induced groundwater mound in wedge-shaped promontories: The Strack-Chernyshov model revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kacimov, A. R.; Kayumov, I. R.; Al-Maktoumi, A.

    2016-11-01

    An analytical solution to the Poisson equation governing Strack's discharge potential (squared thickness of a saturated zone in an unconfined aquifer) is obtained in a wedge-shaped domain with given head boundary conditions on the wedge sides (specified water level in an open water body around a porous promontory). The discharge vector components, maximum elevation of the water table in promontory vertical cross-sections, quantity of groundwater seeping through segments of the wedge sides, the volume of fresh groundwater in the mound are found. For acute angles, the solution to the problem is non-unique and specification of the behaviour at infinity is needed. A "basic" solution is distinguished, which minimizes the water table height above a horizontal bedrock. MODFLOW simulations are carried out in a finite triangular island and compare solutions with a constant-head, no-flow and "basic" boundary condition on one side of the triangle. Far from the tip of an infinite-size promontory one has to be cautious with truncation of the simulated flow domains and imposing corresponding boundary conditions. For a right and obtuse wedge angles, there are no positive solutions for the case of constant accretion on the water table. In a particular case of a confined rigid wedge-shaped aquifer and incompressible fluid, from an explicit solution to the Laplace equation for the hydraulic head with arbitrary time-space varying boundary conditions along the promontory rays, essentially 2-D transient Darcian flows within the wedge are computed. They illustrate that surface water waves on the promontory boundaries can generate strong Darcian waves inside the porous wedge. Evaporation from the water table and sea-water intruded interface (rather than a horizontal bed) are straightforward generalizations for the Poissonian Strack potential.

  15. JUDGING SELECTION: APPOINTING CANADIAN JUDGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter McCormick

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1970s, the appointment of trial judges in Canada has generally involved an arms-length committee of professionals, although the structure of these committees and their role in the process has varied from province to province, as well as evolving over time. Yet these “new” structures and “new” processes did not prevent a major judicial appointment scandal in the province of Quebec in 2010, culminating in the formation of the Bastarache Committee to recommend changes. This paper summarizes the forty-year history of Canadian judicial appointment committees, identifies the major challenges that face those committees, and suggests the basic values toward which reforms to the appointment process might be directed. Depuis les années 1970, la nomination des juges de première instance au Canada a généralement mis à contribution un comité de professionnels indépendants, bien que la structure de ce comité et son rôle dans le processus de nomination aient varié d’une province à l’autre et évolué avec le temps. Ces « nouvelles » structures et « nouveaux » processus n’ont certes pas empêché l’éclatement du scandale sur la nomination des juges au Québec en 2010. Ce scandale a donné lieu à la formation de la Commission Bastarache qui avait notamment le mandat de recommander des changements. La présent document résume les quarante ans d’histoire des comités canadiens de nomination des juges, recense les principaux défis que ces comités doivent relever, et propose les valeurs fondamentales qui devraient inspirer les réformes du processus de nomination.

  16. Using microcomputers for lighting appliance control using a DALI bus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sysala Tomas

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Article concerns the DALI bus theoretical and practical aspects. The DALI bus is a modern technology developed especially for illumination systems control. Authors are outlining communication basic principles related to the physical layer and going up to more complex data transactions among particular devices. The article main topic is aimed at two device models development based on microcontroller and exploiting that technology. The first of those two devices is a DALI slave unit enabling the light source or multi switch with light indication components control via DALI bus. The second device measures the ambient illumination intensity and it also detects errors in the load.

  17. Human angiostrongyliasis outbreak in Dali, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan Lv

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Several angiostrongyliasis outbreaks have been reported in recent years but the disease continues to be neglected in public health circles. We describe an outbreak in Dali, southwest China in order to highlight some key problems for the control of this helminth infection. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: All available medical records of suspected angiostrongyliasis patients visiting hospitals in Dali in the period 1 October 2007-31 March 2008 were reviewed, and tentative diagnoses of varying strengths were reached according to given sets of criteria. Snails collected from local markets, restaurants and natural habitats were also screened for the presence of Angiostrongylus cantonensis. A total of 33 patients met criteria for infection, and 11 among them were classified as clinically confirmed. An additional eight patients were identified through a surveillance system put in operation in response to the outbreak. The epidemic lasted for 8 months with its peak in February 2008. Of the 33 patients, 97.0% complained of severe headache. 84.8% patients had high eosinophil cell counts either in the peripheral blood or in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF. Three-quarters of the patients were treated with a combination of albendazole and corticosteroids, resulting in significantly improved overall conditions. Twenty-two patients reported the consumption of raw or undercooked snails prior to the onset of the symptoms, and approximately 1.0% of the Pomacea canaliculata snails on sale were found to be infected with A. cantonensis. The snails were also found in certain habitats around Dali but no parasites were detected in these populations. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The import and sale of infected P. canaliculata is the likely trigger for this angiostrongyliasis outbreak. Awareness of angiostrongyliasis must be raised, and standardized diagnosis and treatment are needed in order to provide clinicians with a guide to address this disease. Health education

  18. Dali(达尼)IKON6

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 概述 IKON(标志)系列音箱是丹麦Dali(达尼)推出较长时间的一个产品系列了,但这个系列仍然在HI-FI和家庭影院爱好者中有着众多拥趸,不论是在技术上还是使用效果上都非常令人满意,这也是这个系列能在相当一段时间内仍然获得人们青睐的原因之一.

  19. Judging the judges' performance in rhythmic gymnastics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flessas, Konstantinos; Mylonas, Dimitris; Panagiotaropoulou, Georgia; Tsopani, Despina; Korda, Alexandrea; Siettos, Constantinos; Di Cagno, Alessandra; Evdokimidis, Ioannis; Smyrnis, Nikolaos

    2015-03-01

    Rhythmic gymnastics (RG) is an aesthetic event balancing between art and sport that also has a performance rating system (Code of Points) given by the International Gymnastics Federation. It is one of the sports in which competition results greatly depend on the judges' evaluation. In the current study, we explored the judges' performance in a five-gymnast ensemble routine. An expert-novice paradigm (10 international-level, 10 national-level, and 10 novice-level judges) was implemented under a fully simulated procedure of judgment in a five-gymnast ensemble routine of RG using two videos of routines performed by the Greek national team of RG. Simultaneous recordings of two-dimensional eye movements were taken during the judgment procedure to assess the percentage of time spent by each judge viewing the videos and fixation performance of each judge when an error in gymnast performance had occurred. All judge level groups had very modest performance of error recognition on gymnasts' routines, and the best international judges reported approximately 40% of true errors. Novice judges spent significantly more time viewing the videos compared with national and international judges and spent significantly more time fixating detected errors than the other two groups. National judges were the only group that made efficient use of fixation to detect errors. The fact that international-level judges outperformed both other groups, while not relying on visual fixation to detect errors, suggests that these experienced judges probably make use of other cognitive strategies, increasing their overall error detection efficiency, which was, however, still far below optimum.

  20. A 1D P-wave velocity model of the Gargano promontory (south-eastern Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lorenzo, Salvatore; Michele, Maddalena; Emolo, Antonio; Tallarico, Andrea

    2017-07-01

    We investigate the elastic properties of the crust in the Gargano promontory, located in the northern part of the Apulia region (Southeastern Italy). Starting on April, 2013, a local-scale seismic network, composed of 12 short-period (1 Hz) seismic stations, was deployed on the Gargano promontory. Starting on October, 2013, the network was integrated with the recordings of nine seismic stations managed by the Italian Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV). The network recorded more than 1200 seismic events in about 15 months of data acquisition, with more than 700 small magnitude events localized in the Gargano promontory and surrounding areas. A Wadati-modified method allowed us to infer VP/VS = 1.73 for the area. A subset of about 400 events having a relatively smaller azimuthal gap (inversion code. The preferred model was obtained from the average of ten velocity models, each of them representing the inversion result from given initial velocity models, calibrated on previous geological and geophysical studies in the area. The results obtained under the assumption that VP could decrease with depth are unstable, with very different depths of the top of low-velocity layers. Therefore, the velocity model was obtained from the average of the results obtained under the assumption that VP cannot decrease with depth. A strong reduction of both RMS (about 58%) and errors on the location of the events was obtained with respect to the starting model. The final velocity model shows a strong velocity gradient in the upper 5 km of the crust and a small increase (from 6.7 to 7 km) at 30 km of depth. The epicenters of relocated events do not show clear correlations with the surface projection of known seismic faults. A cluster of the epicenters of the relocated events intersects almost perpendicularly the Candelaro fault trace at the surface.

  1. 42 Aluminum Plants Closed at Dali Town,Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>According to domestic media, Dali Town,which accounted for nearly one third of domestic total output of aluminum products,has started the energy-saving and emission-reducing campaign since last July.

  2. Could promontories have restricted sea-glacier penetration into marine embayments during Snowball Earth events?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Adam J.; Massarano, Betzalel; Waddington, Edwin D.; Warren, Stephen G.

    2017-05-01

    During the Neoproterozoic (˜ 1000-550 Ma), Earth experienced several climate excursions of extreme cold, often referred to as the Snowball Earth events. During these periods, thick flowing ice, referred to as sea glaciers, covered the entire planet's oceans. In addition, there is evidence that photosynthetic eukaryotic algae survived during these periods. With thick sea glaciers covering the oceans, it is uncertain where these organisms survived. One hypothesis is that these algae survived in marine embayments hydrologically connected to the global ocean, where the flow of sea glacier could be resisted. In order for an embayment to act as a refugium, the invading sea glacier must not completely penetrate the embayment. Recent studies have shown that straight-sided marine embayments could have prevented full sea-glacier penetration under a narrow range of climate conditions suitable for the Snowball Earth events. Here we test whether promontories, i.e., headlands emerging from a side shoreline, could further restrict sea-glacier flow. We use an ice-flow model, suitable for floating ice, to determine the flow of an invading sea glacier. We show that promontories can expand the range of climate conditions allowing refugia by resisting the flow of invading sea glaciers.

  3. JudgeD: a probabilistic datalog with dependencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wanders, Brend; Keulen, van Maurice; Flokstra, Jan

    2016-01-01

    We present JudgeD, a probabilistic datalog. A JudgeD program defines a distribution over a set of traditional datalog programs by attaching logical sentences to clauses to implicitly specify traditional data programs. Through the logical sentences, JudgeD provides a novel method for the expression o

  4. JudgeD: a probabilistic datalog with dependencies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wanders, B.; van Keulen, Maurice; Flokstra, Jan

    2016-01-01

    We present JudgeD, a probabilistic datalog. A JudgeD program defines a distribution over a set of traditional datalog programs by attaching logical sentences to clauses to implicitly specify traditional data programs. Through the logical sentences, JudgeD provides a novel method for the expression

  5. Revisiting Mary Daly: Towards a quadripartite theological and philosophical paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannelie Wood

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available I was a tenderfoot in feminist discourse when I started my research on patriarchy, feminism, and Mary Daly. In my thesis, one aspect I engaged was Daly’s battle with gender issues in Christian theology. From the beginning I was troubled by Mary Daly’s views on God, men, and women in her discourse on Christianity. Daly undoubtedly contributed to the discussion on gender issues in the Christian faith, but her focus on androcentrism and her interpretations of Scripture led her to abandon the Christian faith. Mary Daly has written extensively on patriarchy as it is found in religion – particularly in the Christian faith – and how it filters through society. In her critique of patriarchy she set her course to dismantle the facade of a patriarchal and misogynistic God as the root of patriarchy. Daly did not see any positive qualities of the Christian faith and completely rejected other interpretations of a God whose person embraces both male and female qualities. Against this background I will evaluate Daly’s post-Christian feminist theological and philosophical paradigm. I propose that Daly has a quadripartite theological and philosophical paradigm wherein there are four main players. The ‘Who is who’ in Daly’s quadripartite patriarchal theological and philosophical paradigm are the patriarchal male, the patriarchal female, the patriarchal God and the biophilic woman.

  6. Creating EU law judges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral Diaz-Asensio, Juan Antonio; Jaremba, Urszula; Nowak, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    The judicial protection system in the European Union (EU) is premised on the fact that national judges are supposed to act as decentralized EU judges. This role is exercised through tools enshrined in, inter alia, primacy, direct and indirect effect of EU law, and the preliminary ruling procedure...

  7. Creating EU law judges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral Diaz-Asensio, Juan Antonio; Jaremba, Urszula; Nowak, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    The judicial protection system in the European Union (EU) is premised on the fact that national judges are supposed to act as decentralized EU judges. This role is exercised through tools enshrined in, inter alia, primacy, direct and indirect effect of EU law, and the preliminary ruling procedure....... However, a number of studies show that national judges experience difficulties in exercising EU competences due to their lack of knowledge in the field of EU law. In this contribution we study the differences in the level of self-evaluation of EU law knowledge among judges, which consequently influence...... the way judges approach EU law. For that purpose we question the relevance of several institutional and socio-legal factors, such as organization of the judiciary, generation, the system of legal education and judicial training and practical experience with EU law. Our analysis is based on data collected...

  8. Detection of Shoreline and Land Cover Changes around Rosetta Promontory, Egypt, Based on Remote Sensing Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Masria

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Rosetta Promontory, Egypt has been suffering from a continuous erosion problem. The dramatic retreatment was observed during the last century. It is basically due to the construction of Aswan High Dam in 1964, which reduced the flow and sediment discharges. In this paper, four Landsat images (two Thematic Mapper and two Enhanced Thematic Mapper covering the period from 1984 to 2014 were used. These Landsat images were radio-metrically and geometrically corrected, and then, multi-temporal post-classification analysis was performed to detect land cover changes, extracting shoreline positions to estimate shoreline change rates of the Nile delta coast around Rosetta Promontory. This method provides a viable means for examining long-term shoreline changes. Four categories, including seawater, developed (agriculture and urban, sabkhas (salt-flat, and undeveloped areas, were selected to evaluate their temporal changes by comparing the four selected images. Supervised classification technique was used with support vector machine algorithm to detect temporal changes. The overall accuracy assessment of this method ranged from 97% to 100%. In addition, the shoreline was extracted by applying two different techniques. The first method is based on a histogram threshold of Band 5, and the other uses the combination of histogram threshold of Band 5 and two band ratios (Band 2/Band 4 and Band 2/Band 5. For land cover change detection from 1984 to 2014, it was found that the developed area that increased by 9% although the land in the study area has been contracted by 1.6% due to coastal erosion. The shoreline retreat rate has decreased more than 70% from 1984 to 2014. Nevertheless, it still suffers from significant erosion with a maximum rate of 37 m/year. In comparison to ground survey and different remote sensing techniques, the established trend of shoreline change extracted using histogram threshold was found to be closely consistent with these studies

  9. Bayesian multivariate disease mapping and ecological regression with errors in covariates: Bayesian estimation of DALYs and 'preventable' DALYs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macnab, Ying C

    2009-04-30

    This paper presents Bayesian multivariate disease mapping and ecological regression models that take into account errors in covariates. Bayesian hierarchical formulations of multivariate disease models and covariate measurement models, with related methods of estimation and inference, are developed as an integral part of a Bayesian disability adjusted life years (DALYs) methodology for the analysis of multivariate disease or injury data and associated ecological risk factors and for small area DALYs estimation, inference, and mapping. The methodology facilitates the estimation of multivariate small area disease and injury rates and associated risk effects, evaluation of DALYs and 'preventable' DALYs, and identification of regions to which disease or injury prevention resources may be directed to reduce DALYs. The methodology interfaces and intersects the Bayesian disease mapping methodology and the global burden of disease framework such that the impact of disease, injury, and risk factors on population health may be evaluated to inform community health, health needs, and priority considerations for disease and injury prevention. A burden of injury study on road traffic accidents in local health areas in British Columbia, Canada, is presented as an illustrative example.

  10. 75 FR 38589 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Salvador Dali: The Late...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Salvador Dali: The Late Work... that the objects to be ] included in the exhibition ``Salvador Dali: The Late Work,'' imported...

  11. Administrative Law Judges

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Administrative Law Judges conduct hearings and render decisions in proceedings between the EPA and persons, businesses, government entities, and other organizations which are or are alleged to be regulated under environmental laws.

  12. Streetlight Control System Based on Wireless Communication over DALI Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Bellido-Outeiriño

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Public lighting represents a large part of the energy consumption of towns and cities. Efficient management of public lighting can entail significant energy savings. This work presents a smart system for managing public lighting networks based on wireless communication and the DALI protocol. Wireless communication entails significant economic savings, as there is no need to install new wiring and visual impacts and damage to the facades of historical buildings in city centers are avoided. The DALI protocol uses bidirectional communication with the ballast, which allows its status to be controlled and monitored at all times. The novelty of this work is that it tackles all aspects related to the management of public lighting: a standard protocol, DALI, was selected to control the ballast, a wireless node based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard with a DALI interface was designed, a network layer that considers the topology of the lighting network has been developed, and lastly, some user-friendly applications for the control and maintenance of the system by the technical crews of the different towns and cities have been developed.

  13. Streetlight Control System Based on Wireless Communication over DALI Protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellido-Outeiriño, Francisco José; Quiles-Latorre, Francisco Javier; Moreno-Moreno, Carlos Diego; Flores-Arias, José María; Moreno-García, Isabel; Ortiz-López, Manuel

    2016-04-27

    Public lighting represents a large part of the energy consumption of towns and cities. Efficient management of public lighting can entail significant energy savings. This work presents a smart system for managing public lighting networks based on wireless communication and the DALI protocol. Wireless communication entails significant economic savings, as there is no need to install new wiring and visual impacts and damage to the facades of historical buildings in city centers are avoided. The DALI protocol uses bidirectional communication with the ballast, which allows its status to be controlled and monitored at all times. The novelty of this work is that it tackles all aspects related to the management of public lighting: a standard protocol, DALI, was selected to control the ballast, a wireless node based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard with a DALI interface was designed, a network layer that considers the topology of the lighting network has been developed, and lastly, some user-friendly applications for the control and maintenance of the system by the technical crews of the different towns and cities have been developed.

  14. Dali ärijuht võeti võltsijana vahi alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Hispaania politsei vahistas Salvador Dali sekretäri ja ärijuhi Peter Moore'i, süüdistades teda Dali litograafiate võltsingute organiseeritud müügis. Moore'ile kuulunud laohoonest Cadaquesis leidis politsei 80 Dali litokivi.

  15. Dali ärijuht võeti võltsijana vahi alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Hispaania politsei vahistas Salvador Dali sekretäri ja ärijuhi Peter Moore'i, süüdistades teda Dali litograafiate võltsingute organiseeritud müügis. Moore'ile kuulunud laohoonest Cadaquesis leidis politsei 80 Dali litokivi.

  16. Neoproterozoic–Cambrian stratigraphic framework of the Anti-Atlas and Ouzellagh promontory (High Atlas), Morocco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvaro, Jose Javier; Benziane, Fouad; Thomas, Robert; Walsh, Gregory J.; Yazidi, Abdelaziz

    2014-01-01

    In the last two decades, great progress has been made in the geochronological, chrono- and chemostratigraphic control of the Neoproterozoic and Cambrian from the Anti-Atlas Ranges and the Ouzellagh promontory (High Atlas). As a result, the Neoproterozoic is lithostratigraphically subdivided into: (i) the Lkest-Taghdout Group (broadly interpreted at c. 800–690 Ma) representative of rift-to-passive margin conditions on the northern West African craton; (ii) the Iriri (c. 760–740 Ma), Bou Azzer (c. 762–697 Ma) and Saghro (c. 760?–610 Ma) groups, the overlying Anezi, Bou Salda, Dadès and Tiddiline formations localized in fault-grabens, and the Ouarzazate Supergroup (c. 615–548 Ma), which form a succession of volcanosedimentary complexes recording the onset of the Pan-African orogeny and its aftermath; and (iii) the Taroudant (the Ediacaran–Cambrian boundary lying in the Tifnout Member of the Adoudou Formation), Tata, Feijas Internes and Tabanite groups that have recorded development of the late Ediacaran–Cambrian Atlas Rift. Recent discussions of Moroccan strata to select new global GSSPs by the International Subcommissions on Ediacaran and Cambrian Stratigraphy have raised the stratigraphic interest in this region. A revised and updated stratigraphic framework is proposed here to assist the tasks of both subcommissions and to fuel future discussions focused on different geological aspects of the Neoproterozoic–Cambrian time span.

  17. The "DREAM" IODP project to drill the Mediterranean Salt Giant on the Balearic Promontory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lofi, Johanna; Camerlenghi, Angelo; Aloisi, Giovanni; Maillard, Agnès; Garcia-Castellanos, Daniel; Huebscher, Christian; Kuroda, Junichiro

    2017-04-01

    Salt giants preserving kilometer-thick evaporite layers are the sedimentary expression of extreme environmental events of global relevance. Despite their global occurrence and general importance on Earth, there is currently no complete stratigraphic record through an un-deformed salt giant of marine origin. Similarly, there is a significant lack of knowledge about the factors controlling salt giants deposition, their early evolution, the impact they exert on the isostatic response of continental margins and on sub-salt formations, and the unprecedented deep biosphere they may harbor. The Mediterranean Messinian salt giant, which formed 5.5 Myrs ago, is one of the youngest salt giant on Earth and is currently lying below the Plio-Quaternary cover in a relatively un-deformed state close to its original depositional configuration. This salt giant is thus accessible by drilling and forms an ideal case study that could be used as a reference for older salt giants. However, since its discovery in 1970 during the DSDP Leg XIII, and despite 40 years or multi-disciplinary researches, this salt giant is still not fully understood and remains one of the longest-living controversies in Earth Science. In this context, the IODP DREAM project aims at exploring the Mediterranean salt giant by drilling with the JOIDES Resolution a transect of 4 sites on the southern margin of the Balearic promontory (Western Mediterranean). We identified this area as likely the only place in the Mediterranean where we could implement a shallow-to-deep transect of non-riser drilling sites. Due to the geological history and pre-structuration of the Promontory, MSC deposits are found preserved in a series of sedimentary basins lying at different water depths between the present-day coastline and the deep central salt basins. DREAM thus offers a unique opportunity to sample several hundred of meters of material forming the Mediterranean salt giant in varied water depths. This unique sedimentary record

  18. The Judge on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul van den Hoven

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In many social realms, social media are employed by institutions to establish direct relations between ‘key agents’ and their clients or customers. In this article I explain why as yet the civil law judge cannot be expected to start using social networking sites to advance the transparency of the judicial decision-making process in a relatively open, form-free interaction with his or her ‘clients’. This explanation is grounded on the hybrid character of social networking sites. On the one hand, these sites are direct, interactive, informal, and personalized media; but on the other, they are public and basically permanent. Their direct, interactive, informal and personalized character is highly compatible with the multimodal, network-embedded, form-free self-representation of the modern judge in the courtroom. However, their public and permanent character manifests in the second performance of a judge, being held publicly and permanently accountable for what is decided. This performance is characterized by a unimodal, ‘punctualized’, formal self-representation. Referring to the work of legal sociologists as well as discourse scholars, it is underlined how much this public judicial self-representation is part of a persistent ritual that renders it incompatible with direct, interactive, informal and personalized communication. The hybrid character of social media does not allow judges to utilize them to act as key-agents: to open up the ‘backstage area’ to reveal the actual dynamics of the decision-making process, and to transparently connect the judicial performance in the courtroom session with the second performance when issuing a decision.

  19. Judging the Judges: finding value in these problematic characters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L R Martin

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The biblical judges are well known for their less than exemplary behaviour. In the past, these judges have been appreciated largely as examples of how a charismatic leader should not behave. In spite of the judges� questionable morals, the writer of the book of Hebrews commends four of them (Barak, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson for their faith. This paper evaluates these judges in light of their characterisations in the book of Hebrews and in the book of Judges and suggests that our struggle with the judges parallels the contemporary integrity crisis in Christian leadership.

  20. PARANOÏA: la vie secrète de Salvador Dali

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Buuren, Maarten

    2009-01-01

    En 1942, Salvador Dali, âgé de trente-huit ans, termine son autobiographie La vie secrète de Salvador Dali. Il prétend s’y livrer au lecteur en toute candeur. Mais c’est un leurre. Dali construit l’histoire de sa vie sur ce qu’il considère comme sa trouvaille capitale : la méthode

  1. CARBONATE FACIES ZONATION OF THE UPPER JURASSIC-LOWER CRETACEOUS APULIA PLATFORM MARGIN (GARGANO PROMONTORY, SOUTHERN ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MICHELE MORSILLI

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available The Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous Apulia platform margin and the transition to adjacent basinal deposits (inner platform to basin are well exposed in the Gargano Promontory. Detailed field work has allowed to recognize eight main facies associations which reflect various depositional environments, and which document a differentiated zonation, from the inner platform to the basin. A shallow lagoon existed in the internal part of the Gargano Promontory with a transition to tidal flat areas (F1. Oolitic shoals (F2 bordered this internal peritidal area passing seaward to a reef-flat with abundant corals (F3. A reef-front, associated with a coral rubble zone, has been found in some areas (F4. In the external margin zone, massive wackestones with Ellipsactinia occur (F5 and pass gradually to a rudstone facies on the proximal slope (F6. The base-of-slope facies association consists of pelagic sediments interbedded with gravity-displaced deposits (F7 and F8. The depositional profile of the Apulia Platform is typical of the Tethyan Jurassic-Early Cretaceous platforms, with slope declivities in the order of 25°-28°. The remarkable progradation of the platform in the northern tract of the Gargano (Lesina and Varano lakes area and its substantial stability east- and southwards (Mattinata area suggest a possible windward position of the margin in this latter portion and, in contrast, a leeward position of the northern portion.   

  2. Tuberculosis DALY-Gap: Spatial and Quantitative Comparison of Disease Burden Across Urban Slum and Non-slum Census Tracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlow, Mariel A; Maciel, Ethel Leonor Noia; Sales, Carolina Maia Martins; Gomes, Teresa; Snyder, Robert E; Daumas, Regina Paiva; Riley, Lee W

    2015-08-01

    To quantitatively assess disease burden due to tuberculosis between populations residing in and outside of urban informal settlements in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, we compared disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), or "DALY-gap." Using the 2010 Brazilian census definition of informal settlements as aglomerados subnormais (AGSN), we allocated tuberculosis (TB) DALYs to AGSN vs non-AGSN census tracts based on geocoded addresses of TB cases reported to the Brazilian Information System for Notifiable Diseases in 2005 and 2010. DALYs were calculated based on the 2010 Global Burden of Disease methodology. DALY-gap was calculated as the difference between age-adjusted DALYs/100,000 population between AGSN and non-AGSN. Total TB DALY in Rio in 2010 was 16,731 (266 DALYs/100,000). DALYs were higher in AGSN census tracts (306 vs 236 DALYs/100,000), yielding a DALY-gap of 70 DALYs/100,000. Attributable DALY fraction for living in an AGSN was 25.4%. DALY-gap was highest for males 40-59 years of age (501 DALYs/100,000) and in census tracts with <60% electricity (12,327 DALYs/100,000). DALY-gap comparison revealed spatial and quantitative differences in TB burden between slum vs non-slum census tracts that were not apparent using traditional measures of incidence and mortality. This metric could be applied to compare TB burden or burden for other diseases in mega-cities with large informal settlements for more targeted resource allocation and evaluation of intervention programs.

  3. A THEROPOD DOMINATED ICHNOCOENOSIS FROM LATE HAUTERIVIAN-EARLYBARREMIAN OF BORGO CELANO (GARGANO PROMONTORY, APULIA, SOUTHERN ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FABIO MASSIMO PETTI

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Several dinosaur footprints were discovered on three different levels cropping out in the CO.L.MAR quarry, south of the village of Borgo Celano in the Gargano Promontory (Apulia, southern Italy. The track-bearing levels belong to a carbonate inner platform succession referred to the Lower Cretaceous (upper Hauterivian-lower Barremian. This paper describes only the lowest dinoturbated bed, where footprints are preserved as natural cast. Forty footprints, mostly tridactyl, have been attributed to medium-sized theropods. Tridactyl tracks are similar to Kayentapus Welles, 1971 regarding ichnotaxonomy. Round shaped footprints, previously not described from this site, are found in association with tridactyl footprints and are related to ornitischian dinosaurs. 

  4. Extensional vs contractional Cenozoic deformation in Ibiza (Balearic Promontory, Spain): Integration in the West Mediterranean back-arc setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etheve, Nathalie; Frizon de Lamotte, Dominique; Mohn, Geoffroy; Martos, Raquel; Roca, Eduard; Blanpied, Christian

    2016-07-01

    Based on field work and seismic reflection data, we investigate the Cenozoic tectono-sedimentary evolution offshore and onshore Ibiza allowing the proposal of a new tectonic agenda for the region and its integration in the geodynamic history of the West Mediterranean. The late Oligocene-early Miocene rifting event, which characterizes the Valencia Trough and the Algerian Basin, located north and south of the study area respectively, is also present in Ibiza and particularly well-expressed in the northern part of the island. Among these two rifted basins initiated in the frame of the European Cenozoic Rift System, the Valencia Trough failed rapidly while the Algerian Basin evolved after as a back-arc basin related to the subduction of the Alpine-Maghrebian Tethys. The subsequent middle Miocene compressional deformation was localized by the previous extensional faults, which were either inverted or passively translated depending on their initial orientation. Despite the lateral continuity between the External Betics and the Balearic Promontory, it appears from restored maps that this tectonic event cannot be directly related to the Betic orogen, but results from compressive stresses transmitted through the Algerian Basin. A still active back-arc asthenospheric rise likely explains the stiff behavior of this basin, which has remained poorly deformed up to recent time. During the late Miocene a new extensional episode reworked the southern part of the Balearic Promontory. It is suggested that this extensional deformation developed in a trans-tensional context related to the westward translation of the Alboran Domain and the coeval right-lateral strike-slip movement along the Emile Baudot Escarpment bounding the Algerian Basin to the north.

  5. HUD Administrative Law Judges Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — This site contains substantive and precedential decisions issued by the Office of Administrative Law Judges. The site does not contain subsequent rulings or...

  6. Twenty six cases of human Fasciola gigantica infection in Dali,Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈木新

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemic situation,clinical symptom,diagnosis and epidemiological characteristics of human Fasciola gigantica infection in Dali,Yunnan province. It will also provide a scientific basis for fasciolosis control and prevention. Methods Epidemic

  7. Chronology of the stratum containing the skull of the Dali Man

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The field investigations of geomorphology and Quaternary sediment sequences show that the sediment stratigraphic profile containing the skull of the Homo sapiens Daliensis (Dali Man) at Tianshuigou trench, Jiefang Village (109°44′E, 34°52′N ), Dali County, Shaanxi Province, is composed of the loess-paleosol sequence, 17.3 m thick, in the upper part, and the alluvial silts, fine sands and sandy gravels interbedded, 15.4 m thick, in the lower part. There are the well developed layers L1, S1, L2 and S2 in the loess-paleosol sequence of the profile, which are comparable to those of the Luochuan loess section on the basis of magnetic succeptibility measurements and IRSL dating of the loess samples. An alluvial gravel layer, where the skull of the Dali Man was discovered, is in 13 m beneath the bottom of paleosol S2, implying that, the age of the Dali Man must be older than about 247 kaBP when the paleosol S2 began to be developed. The samples of mammal animal tooth and shell fossils from the gravel layer containing the skull of the Dali Man have been dated by uranium series and ESR methods respectively. Based on the multiple dating results and the stratigraphic chronology, the age of the Dali Man, therefore, would be estimated as older than 250 kaBP and younger than 350 kaBP, and reasonably estimated as 260-300 kaBP.

  8. Disability adjusted life year (DALY): a useful tool for quantitative assessment of environmental pollution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Tingting; Wang, Xiaochang C; Chen, Rong; Ngo, Huu Hao; Guo, Wenshan

    2015-04-01

    Disability adjusted life year (DALY) has been widely used since 1990s for evaluating global and/or regional burden of diseases. As many environmental pollutants are hazardous to human health, DALY is also recognized as an indicator to quantify the health impact of environmental pollution related to disease burden. Based on literature reviews, this article aims to give an overview of the applicable methodologies and research directions for using DALY as a tool for quantitative assessment of environmental pollution. With an introduction of the methodological framework of DALY, the requirements on data collection and manipulation for quantifying disease burdens are summarized. Regarding environmental pollutants hazardous to human beings, health effect/risk evaluation is indispensable for transforming pollution data into disease data through exposure and dose-response analyses which need careful selection of models and determination of parameters. Following the methodological discussions, real cases are analyzed with attention paid to chemical pollutants and pathogens usually encountered in environmental pollution. It can be seen from existing studies that DALY is advantageous over conventional environmental impact assessment for quantification and comparison of the risks resulted from environmental pollution. However, further studies are still required to standardize the methods of health effect evaluation regarding varied pollutants under varied circumstances before DALY calculation.

  9. [A comparison of time resolution among auditory, tactile and promontory electrical stimulation--superiority of cochlear implants as human communication aids].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsushima, J; Kumagai, M; Harada, C; Takahashi, K; Inuyama, Y; Ifukube, T

    1992-09-01

    Our previous reports showed that second formant information, using a speech coding method, could be transmitted through an electrode on the promontory. However, second formant information can also be transmitted by tactile stimulation. Therefore, to find out whether electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve would be superior to tactile stimulation for our speech coding method, the time resolutions of the two modes of stimulation were compared. The results showed that the time resolution of electrical promontory stimulation was three times better than the time resolution of tactile stimulation of the finger. This indicates that electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve is much better for our speech coding method than tactile stimulation of the finger.

  10. Integrated geophysical survey for the geological structural and hydrogeothermal study of the North-western Gargano promontory (Southern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Schiavone

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available A multimethodological geophysical survey was performed in the north-western part of the Gargano promontory to study the geological structural setting and the underground fluid flow characteristics. The area has a complex tectonics with some magmatic outcrops and shallow low-enthalpy waters. Electrical, seismic reflection, gravimetric and magnetic surveys were carried out to reconstruct the geological structures; and in order to delineate the hydrogeothermal characteristics of the area, the self-potential survey was mainly used. Moreover magnetic and self-potential measurements were also performed in the Lesina lake. The joint three-dimensional interpretation of the geophysical data disclosed a large horst and graben structure covering a large part of the area. In the central part of the horst a large ramified volcanic body was modelled. The models show some intrusions rising from it to or near to the surface. The main structures are well deep-seated in the Crust and along them deep warm fluids rise as the SP data interpretation indicates.

  11. A toolbox for European judges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2011-01-01

    The forthcoming instrument on European contract law, be it in the shape of an optional code for cross-border contracts or as an official toolbox for the European legislator, is likely to have a spill-over effect on private law adjudication in Europe. Judges will have no great difficulty in finding m

  12. The burden of waiting: DALYs accrued from delayed access to pediatric surgery in Kenya and Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poenaru, Dan; Pemberton, Julia; Cameron, Brian H

    2015-05-01

    Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) have become the standard metric for estimating burden of disease (BoD), but have not yet been applied to delayed access to surgical procedures. This study estimates the DALYs accrued from delayed access to surgical care in two pediatric surgical units in Kenya and Canada. Records of operations for 13 congenital health states in a Kenyan and a Canadian hospital were prospectively collected for 2012. DALYs caused by delayed presentation were estimated using disability weights and ideal and actual age at surgery. 1208 first-time procedures in general surgery, neurosurgery, plastic surgery, and urology were included. Delays were longest in general surgery and longer in Kenya than in Canada in all specialties. The longest delays in Kenya were for orchidopexy (72 months) and anorectoplasty (PSARP) (74 months), and in Canada for orchidopexy (40 months). Corresponding total delayed BoD was highest in general surgery and neurosurgery and higher again in Kenya than in Canada (484 cf. 84 DALYs). Estimating BoD resulting from delayed surgery is feasible and reflects both late presentation and limited access to care. Further exploration of these factors can make delayed DALYs a useful measure of health care coverage and waitlist prioritization. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Using 239Pu as a tracer for fine sediment sources in the Daly River, Northern Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lal, R.; Fifield, L. K.; Tims, S. G.; Wasson, R. J.; Howe, D.

    2015-04-01

    The Daly River drains a large (52500 km2) and mainly undisturbed catchment in the Australian wet-dry tropics. Clearing and cropping since 2002 have raised concerns about possible increased sediment input into the river and motivated this study of its fine sediment sources. Using 239Pu as a tracer it is shown that the fine sediments originate mainly from erosion by gullying and channel change. Although the results also indicate that the surface soil contribution to the river channel sediments from sheet erosion has increased to 5-22% for the Daly River and 7-28% for the Douglas River (a tributary of the Daly River) in 2009 vs. 3-6% for the Daly River and 4-9% for the Douglas River in 2005. This excess top soil likely originates from thecleared land adjacent to the Daly River since 2005. However, channel widening largely as a result of hydrologic change is still the dominant sediment source in this catchment.

  14. Using 239Pu as a tracer for fine sediment sources in the Daly River, Northern Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lal R.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Daly River drains a large (52500 km2 and mainly undisturbed catchment in the Australian wet–dry tropics. Clearing and cropping since 2002 have raised concerns about possible increased sediment input into the river and motivated this study of its fine sediment sources. Using 239Pu as a tracer it is shown that the fine sediments originate mainly from erosion by gullying and channel change. Although the results also indicate that the surface soil contribution to the river channel sediments from sheet erosion has increased to 5-22% for the Daly River and 7-28% for the Douglas River (a tributary of the Daly River in 2009 vs. 3-6% for the Daly River and 4-9% for the Douglas River in 2005. This excess top soil likely originates from thecleared land adjacent to the Daly River since 2005. However, channel widening largely as a result of hydrologic change is still the dominant sediment source in this catchment.

  15. In the CJEU Judges Trust

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral, Juan A.

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to highlight the relevance of judicial trust in international courts, focusing on national judges' trust in the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). EU scholars have put a great deal of effort into explaining how legal and political factors affect the use of preliminary...... references by national courts. However, there is still a gap in the literature on the development of trust as a functional principle encouraging co-operation between national and international courts. This article explores the nature, causes and potentials of judicial trust for the EU judicial system....... A theory is offered in the article, which links national judges' trust in the CJEU to their corporatist identification and profile, to their attitudes towards the EU, and to their beliefs about the CJEU's ability to provide decisions that: 1) offer a clear guidance on European Union law, and 2...

  16. Chinese Judge At WTO Court

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China had its first judge appointed to the World Trade Organization (WTO) when the world body recently selected four senior jus- tices to its seven-people Appellate Body—top court.Lawyer Zhang Yuejiao was one of the four appointed on November 27 by the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) for a four-year term.Her tenure will commence on June 1,2008.

  17. Staff Judge Advocate Deskbook. Revised

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    eight Family Law OThirty-nine Taxation Forty Servicemember Protections Forty-one Consumer Law Forty-two Practice Aids PAWT VII ADMINSTRATIV... Consumer Law Guide; and e. L1al Asistance Officer’s Dekbook and Form Book. D. 11mlized forms 1. Simple forms Wills 2. Form letters a. Form letterto creditor...Assistance Division (Code 36) R. Consumer Law Guide, Pub JA 265, The Judge Advocate General’s School, U.S. Army Naval Justice School SJA Dekbook

  18. IVOA Recommendation: DALI: Data Access Layer Interface Version 1.0

    CERN Document Server

    Dowler, Patrick; Taylor, Mark; Tody, Doug

    2014-01-01

    This document describes the Data Access Layer Interface (DALI). DALI defines the base web service interface common to all Data Access Layer (DAL) services. This standard defines the behaviour of common resources, the meaning and use of common parameters, success and error responses, and DAL service registration. The goal of this specification is to define the common elements that are shared across DAL services in order to foster consistency across concrete DAL service specifications and to enable standard re-usable client and service implementations and libraries to be written and widely adopted.

  19. Infection of Taenia asiatica in a Bai Person in Dali, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li; Luo, Xuenong; Hou, Junling; Guo, Aijiang; Zhang, Shaohua; Li, Hailong; Cai, Xuepeng

    2016-02-01

    We report here a human case of Taenia asiatica infection which was confirmed by genetic analyses in Dali, China. A patient was found to have symptoms of taeniasis with discharge of tapeworm proglottids. By sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene, we observed nucleotide sequence identity of 99% with T. asiatica and 96% with T. saginata. Using the cytochrome b (cytb) gene, 99% identity with T. asiatica and 96% identity with T. saginata were found. Our findings suggest that taeniasis of people in Dali, China may be mainly caused by T. asiatica.

  20. Burden of chikungunya in India: estimates of disability adjusted life years (DALY lost in 2006 epidemic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Krishnamoorthy

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: During 2006, chikungunya emerged as a major ever known epidemic in India. Disability adjusted life years (DALY is an appropriate summary measure of population health to express epidemiological burden of diseases. We estimated the burden due to suspected chikungunya using DALYs for the first time and compared between the states and also with the burden due to other vector-borne diseases in India. The economic burden was also assessed in terms of productivity loss.Methods: Data on the reported cases of fever/suspected cases of chikungunya from different states during 2006 in India were used. Years lived with disability (YLD were calculated for non-fatal cases to estimate DALY. Since the disability weight for chikungunya is not available, the weights available for rheumatic arthritis, comparable to the disease outcome of chikungunya were used for the estimation. The burden was estimated for both acute and chronic cases. It is considered that about 11.5% of cases were reported to have extended morbidity with persisting arthralgia. For acute disease, the average duration of illness was considered to be nine days and for chronic cases it was six months on an average. The productivity loss due to income foregone by the working class was calculated using minimum official wage.Results: National burden of chikungunya was estimated to be 25,588 DALYs lost during 2006 epidemic, with an overall burden of 45.26 DALYs per million. It varied from 0.01 to 265.62 per million in different states. Karnataka alone contributed as high as 55% of the national burden. Persistent arthralgia was found to impose heavy burden, accounting for 69% of the total DALYs. The productivity loss in terms of income foregone was estimated to be a minimum of Rs. 391 million. Interpretation & conclusion: The chikungunya epidemic in the year 2006 imposed heavy epidemiological burden and productivity loss to the community. The burden of chikungunya in terms of

  1. Infection of Taenia asiatica in a Bai Person in Dali, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li; Luo, Xuenong; Hou, Junling; Guo, Aijiang; Zhang, Shaohua; Li, Hailong; Cai, Xuepeng

    2016-01-01

    We report here a human case of Taenia asiatica infection which was confirmed by genetic analyses in Dali, China. A patient was found to have symptoms of taeniasis with discharge of tapeworm proglottids. By sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene, we observed nucleotide sequence identity of 99% with T. asiatica and 96% with T. saginata. Using the cytochrome b (cytb) gene, 99% identity with T. asiatica and 96% identity with T. saginata were found. Our findings suggest that taeniasis of people in Dali, China may be mainly caused by T. asiatica. PMID:26951981

  2. Application of DALYs in Measuring Health Effect of Ambient Air Pollution: A Case Study in Shanghai, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUN-HUI ZHANG; CHANG-HONG CHEN; GUO-HAI CHEN; GUI-XIANG SONG; BING-HENG CHEN; QING-YAN FU; HAI-DONG KAN

    2006-01-01

    To investigate the effect of ambient air pollution on human health and the subsequent disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in Shanghai. Methods We used epidemiology-based exposure-response functions to calculate the attributable number of cases due to air pollution in Shanghai in 2000, and then we estimated the corresponding DALYs lost in Shanghai based on unit DALYs values of the health consequences. Results Ambient air pollution caused 103 064 DALYs lost in Shanghai in 2000. Among all the health endpoints, premature deaths and chronic bronchitis predominated in the value of total DALYs lost. Conclusion The air pollution levels have an adverse effect on the general population health and strengthen the rationale for limiting the levels of air pollution in outdoor air in Shanghai.

  3. The Messinian Salinity Crisis: what can we expect from drilling the perched basins from the Balearic Promontory?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johanna, Lofi; Angelo, Camerlenghi; Agnès, Maillard; Diana, Ochoa

    2015-04-01

    In spite of 40 years of multi-disciplinary research conducted on the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC) event, modalities, timing, causes, chronology and consequence at local and planetary scale of this event are still not yet fully understood, and the MSC event remains one of the longest-living controversies in Earth Science. A key factor for the controversy is certainly the lack of a complete record of the MSC deposits preserved in the deepest Mediterranean basins. Anywhere else, on the continental shelves and slopes, the MSC mostly generated a sedimentary/time lag corresponding to a widespread erosional surface. Correlations with the depositional units locally preserved onshore are thus complex, preventing the construction of a coherent scenario linking the outcropping MSC evaporites, the erosion on the margins, and the deposition of clastics and evaporites in the abyssal plains. Recent works based on seismic profile interpretations and conducted on the Balearic promontory allowed to evidence a series of small perched basins presently lying in different water depths stepped from the coast line down to the deep basin. These topographic lows trapped sedimentary series up to 500m thick, interpreted as MSC in age (Maillard et al., 2014; Mocnik et al., 2014; Driussi et al., in press). In the most proximal basins, these deposits have been drilled and logged for industriel purposes and consist of gypsum beds interbedded with marls. Ochoa et al. (submitted) demonstrated that these MSC deposits correlate with the Primary Lower Gypsum sequence deposited in marginal settings before the drawdown phase (Lugli et al., 2010) and that are now observed onshore in tectonically active areas. The basins located in more distal locations also contain MSC deposits (including DREAM proposal) of a Multi-phase IODP Drilling Project entitled "Uncovering A Salt Giant" (857-MDP, coord. A. Camerlenghi). The DREAM Team: A. Giovanni, H. Christian, G. deLangeGert, R. Flecker, D. Garcia

  4. 4 CFR 28.22 - Administrative judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative judges. 28.22 Section 28.22 Accounts... Procedures Hearing Procedures for Cases Before the Board-General § 28.22 Administrative judges. (a) Exercise of authority. Administrative judges may exercise authority as provided in paragraph (b) of...

  5. Use of DALYs in economic analyses on interventions for infectious diseases : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oostvogels, A. J J M; De Wit, G. A.; Jahn, B.; Cassini, A.; Colzani, E.; De Waure, C.; Kretzschmar, M. E E; Siebert, U.; Mühlberger, N.; Mangen, M. J J

    2015-01-01

    A systematic literature review was performed on full economic evaluations of infectious disease interventions using disability-adjusted life years (DALY) as outcome measure. The search was limited to the period between 1994 and September 2011 and conducted in Medline, SciSearch and EMBASE databases.

  6. Walt Disney Meets Mary Daly: Invention, Imagination, and the Construction of Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covino, William A.

    2000-01-01

    Posits Walt Disney as an influential sorcerer in the process of integrating the real world into Disney's synthetic universe, and Mary Daly's work "Wickedary" as a work that constructs an alternative "magic kingdom" through an insistence on an anti-patriarchal lexicon. (NH)

  7. The long non-coding RNA Dali is an epigenetic regulator of neural differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalei, Vladislava; Sansom, Stephen N; Kong, Lesheng; Lee, Sheena; Montiel, Juan F; Vance, Keith W; Ponting, Chris P

    2014-11-21

    Many intergenic long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) loci regulate the expression of adjacent protein coding genes. Less clear is whether intergenic lncRNAs commonly regulate transcription by modulating chromatin at genomically distant loci. Here, we report both genomically local and distal RNA-dependent roles of Dali, a conserved central nervous system expressed intergenic lncRNA. Dali is transcribed downstream of the Pou3f3 transcription factor gene and its depletion disrupts the differentiation of neuroblastoma cells. Locally, Dali transcript regulates transcription of the Pou3f3 locus. Distally, it preferentially targets active promoters and regulates expression of neural differentiation genes, in part through physical association with the POU3F3 protein. Dali interacts with the DNMT1 DNA methyltransferase in mouse and human and regulates DNA methylation status of CpG island-associated promoters in trans. These results demonstrate, for the first time, that a single intergenic lncRNA controls the activity and methylation of genomically distal regulatory elements to modulate large-scale transcriptional programmes.

  8. Dialectics of Authentication: Performing 'Exotic Otherness' in a Backpacker Enclave of Dali, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ateljevic, I.; Doorne, S.

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores dialectics of entrepreneurship and cultural consumption in the backpacker tourist enclave of 'Foreigner's Lane' in Dali, Yunnan Province, PR China, focusing on the role of ethnic identities and their representation. The discussion uses the performance metaphor to conceptualise to

  9. Environmental and geologic site characterization: A case study of Monte Argentario promontory; Recupero geologico-ambientale: un esempio rappresentativo di studio sul promontorio di Monte Argentario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andriola, L.; Cautilli, F.; Polizzano, C.; Tassoni, E. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dip. Ambiente

    1996-12-01

    The topic discussed in this report can be inserted within the context of studies carried out by ENEA (Italian Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment) on the Monte Argentario. These studies showed a noteworthy group of geological phenomena and the need to promote articulate and differentiated interventions for which professionalism and operative capability are absolutely indispensable, qualities which are typical of a body such as ENEA. The ENEA has therefore set up a method of intervention which represents a cultural instrument necessary if one is to have the correct approach to environmental problems connected to sliding movements. The topics dealt with in the present technical report represent the summary of different investigations carried out on the promontory. The report mainly provides a classification of sliding movements and the works usually carried out to improve areas of the territory which show elevated levels of degradation and slope instability, for each coastal areas of the promontory, detailed conceptual indications are provided regarding the works required with the scope of lessening the present risks in the above mentioned areas.

  10. 5 CFR 2421.9 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 2421.9 Section... Administrative Law Judge. Administrative Law Judge means the Chief Administrative Law Judge or any Administrative Law Judge designated by the Chief Administrative Law Judge to conduct a hearing in cases......

  11. DALY-Based Health Risk Assessment of Construction Noise in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jun; Li, Xiaodong; Zhang, Zhihui

    2016-10-26

    Noise produced by construction activities has become the second most serious acoustic polluting element in China. To provide industry practitioners with a better understanding of the health risks of construction noise and to aid in creating environmentally friendly construction plans during early construction stages, we developed a quantitative model to assess the health impairment risks (HIA) associated with construction noise for individuals living adjacent to construction sites. This model classifies noise-induced health impairments into four categories: cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance, and annoyance, and uses disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as an indicator of damage. Furthermore, the value of a statistical life (VSL) is used to transform DALYs into a monetary value based on the affected demographic characteristics, thereby offering policy makers a reliable theoretical foundation for establishing reasonable standards to compensate residents suffering from construction noise. A practical earthwork project in Beijing is used as a case study to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed model. The results indicate that construction noise could bring significant health risks to the neighboring resident community, with an estimated 34.51 DALYs of health damage and 20.47 million yuan in social costs. In particular, people aged 45-54 are most vulnerable to construction noise, with the greatest health risks being caused by sleep disturbance.

  12. The differential depiction of female athletes in judged and non-judged sport magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsberg, Rebecca L; Gray, James J

    2006-12-01

    Sports magazines portrayal of female athletes over the past ten years, in terms of body size, age, and race was examined. Using the Contour Drawing Rating Scale (CDRS), estimated body size was obtained for cover models on a set of judged and non-judged sport magazines. The frequency with which the full bodies of models were depicted on the covers of these magazines was also investigated. Cover models on judged sport magazines were rated as significantly thinner than cover models on non-judged sport magazines. Judged sport magazines also displayed a higher number of full-body images than non-judged sport magazines. These findings suggest that individuals who read judged sport magazines are more likely to be exposed to thin media images than those reading non-judged sport magazines.

  13. A Systematic Review of Cost-Effectiveness Studies Reporting Cost-per-DALY Averted

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Peter J.; Thorat, Teja; Zhong, Yue; Anderson, Jordan; Farquhar, Megan; Salem, Mark; Sandberg, Eileen; Saret, Cayla J.; Wilkinson, Colby; Cohen, Joshua T.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Calculating the cost per disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) averted associated with interventions is an increasing popular means of assessing the cost-effectiveness of strategies to improve population health. However, there has been no systematic attempt to characterize the literature and its evolution. Methods We conducted a systematic review of cost-effectiveness studies reporting cost-per-DALY averted from 2000 through 2015. We developed the Global Health Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (GHCEA) Registry, a repository of English-language cost-per-DALY averted studies indexed in PubMed. To identify candidate studies, we searched PubMed for articles with titles or abstracts containing the phrases “disability-adjusted” or “DALY”. Two reviewers with training in health economics independently reviewed each article selected in our abstract review, gathering information using a standardized data collection form. We summarized descriptive characteristics on study methodology: e.g., intervention type, country of study, study funder, study perspective, along with methodological and reporting practices over two time periods: 2000–2009 and 2010–2015. We analyzed the types of costs included in analyses, the study quality on a scale from 1 (low) to 7 (high), and examined the correlation between diseases researched and the burden of disease in different world regions. Results We identified 479 cost-per-DALY averted studies published from 2000 through 2015. Studies from Sub-Saharan Africa comprised the largest portion of published studies. The disease areas most commonly studied were communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders (67%), followed by non-communicable diseases (28%). A high proportion of studies evaluated primary prevention strategies (59%). Pharmaceutical interventions were commonly assessed (32%) followed by immunizations (28%). Adherence to good practices for conducting and reporting cost-effectiveness analysis varied

  14. 8 CFR 1003.10 - Immigration judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Immigration judges. 1003.10 Section 1003.10 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Office of the Chief Immigration Judge § 1003.10 Immigration...

  15. 8 CFR 1240.1 - Immigration judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Immigration judges. 1240.1 Section 1240.1 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION... Immigration judges. (a) Authority. (1) In any removal proceeding pursuant to section 240 of the Act,...

  16. 8 CFR 1240.41 - Immigration judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Immigration judges. 1240.41 Section 1240.41 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION..., 1997) § 1240.41 Immigration judges. (a) Authority. In any proceeding conducted under this part...

  17. Interviewing Judges in the Transnational Context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaremba, Urszula; Mak, Elaine

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses the problem of qualitative interviewing in the field of legal studies, and more precisely the practice of interviewing judges. In the last five years the authors of this article conducted two different research projects which involved interviewing judges as a research method.

  18. The Value of 4-H Judging Teams--Missouri Dairy Judging Alumni Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deaver, Karla; Probert, Ted

    2016-01-01

    Former Missouri 4-H Dairy Judging Team members responded to a survey about life skills development and the value of the judging team experience. Results of the survey indicate that judging team experience was highly influential in the development of communication, public speaking, and presentation skills. Respondents also indicated that judging…

  19. 29 CFR 102.36 - Unavailability of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unavailability of administrative law judge. 102.36 Section... Hearings § 102.36 Unavailability of administrative law judge. In the event the administrative law judge... chief administrative law judge, in Washington, DC, the associate chief judge, in San...

  20. 22 CFR 1421.8 - Administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Administrative law judge. 1421.8 Section 1421.8... TERMS AS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 1421.8 Administrative law judge. Administrative law judge means the Chief Administrative Law Judge or any administrative law judge designated by the Chief...

  1. 29 CFR 457.17 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 457.17 Section 457.17 Labor... GENERAL Meaning of Terms as Used in This Chapter § 457.17 Administrative Law Judge. Administrative Law Judge means the Chief Administrative Law Judge or any Administrative Law Judge designated by the...

  2. 29 CFR 458.80 - Unavailability of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unavailability of Administrative Law Judges. 458.80 Section... Administrative Law Judges. In the event the Administrative Law Judge designated to conduct the hearing becomes unavailable, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall designate another Administrative Law Judge for...

  3. 20 CFR 901.43 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 901.43 Section 901... Termination of Enrollment § 901.43 Administrative Law Judge. (a) Appointment. An administrative law judge... Administrative Law Judge. Among other powers, the Administrative Law Judge shall have authority, in...

  4. 22 CFR 128.2 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 128.2 Section 128.2... § 128.2 Administrative Law Judge. The Administrative Law Judge referred to in this part is an Administrative Law Judge appointed by the Department of State. The Administrative Law Judge is authorized...

  5. Does Judge Turnover Affect Judicial Performance?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guerra, Alice; Tagliapietra, Claudio

    2017-01-01

    Italy is among the countries with the highest litigation rate and those with the highest duration of trials. This article shows that judge turnover contributes negatively to delays in Italian courts and outlines possible policies for improvement. In Italy, judges can voluntarily move from one...... office to another after three years of mandate, and the law prescribes their transfer after ten years to guarantee their independence. Flaws in the process managing the backlog of outbound judges and the existence of asynchrony between outbound and inbound transfers produce a chain of delays...... to the disposition of court cases. Using a novel dataset on Court of Appeal Districts in Italy (2008–2012), we provide evidence of a strong negative relation between high turnover rates and judicial performance. We find that marginal increases in judge turnover rates lead to a statistically significant decrease...

  6. 2009 Administrative Law Judge Initial Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Securities and Exchange Commission — The initial decisions issued by administrative law judges in 2009 that contains findings of fact, legal conclusions, and an order that often contains a sanction....

  7. Civil Remedies Division Administrative Law Judge Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by Administrative Law Judges of the Departmental Appeals Board's Civil Remedies Division concerning fraud and abuse determinations by the Office of...

  8. 7 CFR 900.6 - Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Rules of Practice and Procedure Governing Proceedings To Formulate Marketing Agreements and Marketing Orders § 900.6 Judges....

  9. EPA Administrative Law Judge Legal Documents

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains Decisions and Orders originating from EPAs Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ), which is an independent office in the Office of the...

  10. 2010 Administrative Law Judge Initial Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Securities and Exchange Commission — The initial decisions issued by administrative law judges in 2010 that contains findings of fact, legal conclusions, and an order that often contains a sanction....

  11. 白族传统体育在大理民俗旅游开发中的作用%The effect of Dali Bai Ethnic Traditional Sports on Dali Folk Tourism Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁晓琴

    2012-01-01

    大理白族自治州位于我国西南地区,是一个历史悠久、文化深厚的白族聚居地。在发展民族经济的大潮中,民俗旅游已成为大理的支柱型产业之一。大理的旅游业以醉人的自然风情为基点,凭借其纯朴的民风和独特的白族文化吸引着大批中外游客。近年来,在大理地方政府的大力推动下,特色鲜明、底蕴深厚的白族传统体育已成为全州旅游产业蓬勃发展的新支柱,促进了大理旅游业向更全面、更规范、更具民族特色的方向发展。该文以白族传统体育项目的旅游开发作为切人点,通过文献资料法、访问调查法、逻辑分析法进一步揭示白族传统体育在民俗旅游开发中的特点,集中展示其对大理民俗旅游的促进作用。%Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, has headquarters in the southwest of China, with a long history and rich and profound cultural reserves. Folk Tourism has become a multimfllion dollar industry of Dali with the rapid development of ethnic economy. The tourism of Dali basis of its natural amorous feelings, attracting a lot of Chinese and foreign tourists with its honest folkway and distinct Bai culture. In recent years, Dali Bai ethnic traditional sports with distinct characteristics and profound culture have become a multimillion dollar industry of whole state. It promotes the development of Dali tourism more comprehensive, more norms, and more ethnic. Through emphasizing on the tourism development of Dali Bai ethnic traditional sport events, through the method of documentary data, logic analysis, interviewing survey, this study further explicates the characteristic of Dali Bai ethnic traditional sports in folk tourism development. And then it mainly shows its promoting effect on Dali folk tourism.

  12. The Temporal and Spatial Evolution of Water Yield in Dali County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Yu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Water yield is of great importance to the balance between supply and demand of water resources. The provision of freshwater for Dali is estimated and mapped in 1988, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2008, using the Integrated Valuation of Environmental Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST modeling toolset. The stability of water yield’s spatial variation is analyzed by a sorting method. The factors are explored which lead to the change in the relative water yield capacity. The yields at five points in time are compared, and the result of which shows a sharp fluctuation. The water yield curve is of a similar waveform as precipitation. An obvious and relatively stable spatial variation appears for water yield. The highest water yield areas are mainly located in the area where the elevation is high and both the elevation and the slope changes are large, and the main land uses are Shrub Land and High Coverage Grassland. The lowest areas are mainly in the eastern part of Erhai or the surrounding area. Precipitation, construction land expansion and the implementation of policy on land use are the three main factors which contribute to the change of the relative water yield capacity during 1988–2008 in Dali. In the study area, the water yield appears highly sensitive to the change in precipitation. The elasticity coefficient is calculated to illustrate the sensitivity of the water yield to the precipitation. When the elasticity index is larger, the risk of natural disaster will be higher.

  13. Research on Hepatitis B virus Genotypes and Subgenotypes among Bai Nationality in Dali, Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei LI; Yuan-ying SHEN; Xuan-rong ZHANG; Lai-feng REN; Qiang LI; Ru SHEN; Hai-ping ZHAO

    2008-01-01

    To investigate the distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and subgenotypes among the Bai nationality in Dali, a total of 100 serum samples from patients with chronic HBV-infection were collected for the detection of HBV genotypes and subgenotypes by genotype-specific primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RLFP), respectively. Among the 100 samples, the proportions of genotype B, C and mixed genotype (B+C) were 41%, 25% and 34%, respectively. All the genotype B strains belonged to subgenotype Ba. In genotype C, 84% were Subgenotype Cs and 12% were subgenotype Ce. The distribution of genotypes B, C and B+C showed no significant difference between male and female patients (P=0.182) and among the age groups of patients (P=0.812). The rates of HBeAg/HBeAg positivity were no significantly different among genotypes B, genotype C and mixed genotype (B+C) (P=0.077/P=0.663). In Dali, genotypes B, B+C and C existed among Bai nationality with chronic HBV-infection, and genotype B was the major genotype. Subgenotypes Ba and Cs were the predominant strains in patients with HBV genotype B/C infection. The most prominent characteristic was the higher prevalent rate of mixed genotype (B+C) in patients.

  14. Training and Recruitment of Judges in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Riedel

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Training of German judges is part of general legal education which is the same for all regulated legal professions (judges, prosecutors, practising lawyers, lawyers in administration and private employment. This uniform qualification is acquired by passing two exams administered by the state, i.e. the Länder (not the Federation, the first exam after university studies and the second exam after state-organized practical training. The paper gives an overview of this system of legal education. Germany, as a rule, has career judges. Courts of first and second instance are administered by the Länder, therefore the Länder judicial administrations are also responsible for recruitment of young career judges. General criteria for appointment to any public office are laid down in the German constitution (Grundgesetz. Apart from this, selection proceedings differ in detail, although elaborate lists of criteria (employee profiles, competence profiles are widely used. Professional competence is judged with emphasis on exam results; personal competence and social competence are assessed in interviews with appointment commissions or staff managers of ministries of justice. The paper provides details of these proceedings and also gives the author’s personal experience with recruitment proceedings in the Court of Appeal district of Cologne.

  15. EPA Administrative Law Judge Legal Documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    This dataset contains Decisions and Orders originating from EPAs Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ), which is an independent office in the Office of the Administrator of the EPA. The Administrative Law Judges conduct hearings and render decisions in proceedings between the EPA and persons, businesses, government entities, and other organizations which are or are alleged to be regulated under environmental laws. Administrative Law Judges preside in enforcement and permit proceedings in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act. Most enforcement actions initiated by the EPA are for the assessment of civil penalties. The Decisions and Orders are organized into three categories: (1) alphabetical listing by the respondent involved, (2) reverse chronological listing by date, and (3) Decisions and Orders under FIFRA Section 6. This dataset includes Decisions and Orders dating back to 1989 in the Reverse Chronological list, Decisions and Orders dating back to 1997 in the Alphabetical list, and a few Decisions and Orders dating back to 1974 under FIFRA Section 6.

  16. Gymnastic Judges Benefit from Their Own Motor Experience as Gymnasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizzera, Alexandra

    2012-01-01

    Gymnastic judges have the difficult task of evaluating highly complex skills. My purpose in the current study was to examine evidence that judges use their sensorimotor experiences to enhance their perceptual judgments. In a video test, 58 judges rated 31 gymnasts performing a balance beam skill. I compared decision quality between judges who…

  17. 46 CFR 5.19 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 5.19 Section 5.19 Shipping... REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.19 Administrative Law Judge. (a) An Administrative Law Judge... has delegated to Administrative Law Judges the authority to admonish, suspend, with or...

  18. 49 CFR 386.54 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 386.54 Section 386.54... General Rules and Hearings § 386.54 Administrative Law Judge. (a) Powers of an Administrative Law Judge. The Administrative Law Judge may take any action and may prescribe all necessary rules and...

  19. 28 CFR 68.26 - Designation of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designation of Administrative Law Judge... PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF... Designation of Administrative Law Judge. Hearings shall be held before an Administrative Law Judge...

  20. 4 CFR 28.23 - Disqualification of administrative judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of administrative judges. 28.23 Section... of administrative judges. (a) In the event that an administrative judge considers himself or herself... there is a basis for disqualification. (c) The administrative judge shall rule on the withdrawal...

  1. 5 CFR 1201.125 - Administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative law judge. 1201.125... § 1201.125 Administrative law judge. (a) An administrative law judge will hear a disciplinary action... administrative law judge will issue an initial decision on the complaint pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 557. The...

  2. 29 CFR 102.37 - Disqualification of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of administrative law judge. 102.37... Hearings § 102.37 Disqualification of administrative law judge. An administrative law judge may withdraw.... If, in the opinion of the administrative law judge, such affidavit is filed with due diligence and...

  3. 29 CFR 101.11 - Administrative law judge's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative law judge's decision. 101.11 Section 101.11... Administrative law judge's decision. (a) At the conclusion of the hearing the administrative law judge prepares a... administrative law judge may recommend dismissal or sustain the complaint, in whole or in part, and...

  4. 47 CFR 0.341 - Authority of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of administrative law judge. 0.341... Delegations of Authority Administrative Law Judges § 0.341 Authority of administrative law judge. (a) After an administrative law judge has been designated to preside at a hearing and until he has issued an initial...

  5. 29 CFR 18.30 - Unavailability of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Unavailability of administrative law judge. 18.30 Section 18... BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES General § 18.30 Unavailability of administrative law judge. In the event the administrative law judge designated to conduct the hearing becomes unavailable,...

  6. 29 CFR 18.29 - Authority of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority of administrative law judge. 18.29 Section 18.29... BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES General § 18.29 Authority of administrative law judge. (a) General powers. In any proceeding under this part, the administrative law judge shall have all...

  7. 43 CFR 4.1308 - Decision by administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Decision by administrative law judge. 4... Decision by administrative law judge. (a) The administrative law judge shall issue a written decision.... (b) If the administrative law judge concludes that the individual is liable for an individual...

  8. 40 CFR 209.18 - Administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative law judge. 209.18... law judge. (a) General. The administrative law judge shall conduct a fair and impartial hearing in... form whenever in the opinion of the administrative law judge oral testimony is not necessary for...

  9. 43 CFR 4.1157 - Determination by administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Determination by administrative law judge... judge. (a) The administrative law judge shall incorporate in his decision concerning the civil penalty.... (b) If the administrative law judge finds that— (1) A violation occurred or that the fact...

  10. 30 CFR 44.20 - Designation of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designation of administrative law judge. 44.20... STANDARDS Hearings § 44.20 Designation of administrative law judge. Within 5 days after receipt of a... Judge shall designate an administrative law judge appointed under section 3105 of Title 5 of the...

  11. 29 CFR 417.6 - Powers of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Powers of Administrative Law Judge. 417.6 Section 417.6... Administrative Law Judge. The designated Administrative Law Judge shall have authority: (a) To give notice... other actions authorized by the regulations in this part. The Administrative Law Judge's authority...

  12. 28 CFR 68.29 - Unavailability of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING... FRAUD § 68.29 Unavailability of Administrative Law Judge. In the event the Administrative Law Judge... another Administrative Law Judge for the purpose of further hearing or other appropriate action....

  13. 14 CFR 13.205 - Administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative law judges. 13.205 Section... Administrative law judges. (a) Powers of an administrative law judge. In accordance with the rules of this subpart, an administrative law judge may: (1) Give notice of, and hold, prehearing conferences...

  14. 17 CFR 12.305 - Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Administrative Law Judge. 12.305 Section 12.305 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING... Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. (a) At his own request. An Administrative Law Judge may withdraw from... of a party. Any party may request an Administrative Law Judge to disqualify himself on the grounds...

  15. 29 CFR 18.25 - Designation of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Designation of administrative law judge. 18.25 Section 18.25... BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES General § 18.25 Designation of administrative law judge. Hearings shall be held before an administrative law judge appointed under 5 U.S.C. 3105 and assigned to...

  16. 20 CFR 410.635 - Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge... Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. No Administrative Law Judge shall conduct a hearing in a case in... Administrative Law Judge shall consider such objection and shall, in his discretion, either proceed with...

  17. 29 CFR 457.18 - Chief Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Chief Administrative Law Judge. 457.18 Section 457.18 Labor... GENERAL Meaning of Terms as Used in This Chapter § 457.18 Chief Administrative Law Judge. Chief Administrative Law Judge means the Chief Administrative Law Judge, U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, DC 20210....

  18. 22 CFR 1421.9 - Chief Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Chief Administrative Law Judge. 1421.9 Section... OF TERMS AS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 1421.9 Chief Administrative Law Judge. Chief Administrative Law Judge means the Chief Administrative Law Judge of the Authority....

  19. 27 CFR 71.95 - Responsibilities of administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative law judges. 71.95 Section 71.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... PERMIT PROCEEDINGS Administrative Law Judges § 71.95 Responsibilities of administrative law judges. Administrative law judges shall be under the administrative control of the Administrator. They shall...

  20. 28 CFR 0.117 - Office of Chief Immigration Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Office of Chief Immigration Judge. 0.117... Executive Office for Immigration Review § 0.117 Office of Chief Immigration Judge. The Chief Immigration Judge shall provide general supervision to the Immigration Judges in performance of their duties...

  1. Gymnastic Judges Benefit from Their Own Motor Experience as Gymnasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizzera, Alexandra

    2012-01-01

    Gymnastic judges have the difficult task of evaluating highly complex skills. My purpose in the current study was to examine evidence that judges use their sensorimotor experiences to enhance their perceptual judgments. In a video test, 58 judges rated 31 gymnasts performing a balance beam skill. I compared decision quality between judges who…

  2. 32 CFR 776.31 - Former judge or arbitrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Former judge or arbitrator. 776.31 Section 776... Rules of Professional Conduct § 776.31 Former judge or arbitrator. (a) Former judge or arbitrator: (1... substantially as a judge or other adjudicative officer, arbitrator, or law clerk to such a person, unless...

  3. Disability Insurance Is Part of the Solution, Not a Cause of Work Disability: Response to Burkhauser and Daly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reno, Virginia P.; Ekman, Lisa D.

    2012-01-01

    Burkhauser and Daly claim that Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is growing at an unsustainable rate and has depressed employment rates and incomes of people with disabilities following enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990. In the authors' view, SSDI is sustainable and affordable, despite increasing prevalence of…

  4. Contrasting Holocene sedimentary geologies of lower Daly River, northern Australia, and lower Sepik-Ramu, Papua New Guinea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, John

    1993-03-01

    The estuarine plain of the macrotidal Daly River, in monsoonal northern Australia, is underlain by extensive mid-Holocene mangrove swamp sediments which accumulated during the last stages of Post-glacial sea-level rise. Sediment yield from the catchment is too low to account for the volume which accumulated during sea-level rise, and onshore transport is invoked. This is supported by radiocarbon ages and facies analysis of the transgressive sediment tract beneath the maximum flooding surface (MFS), and of the tract of vertical sedimentation which extends from the MFS to the surface of estuarine/fluvial transition (the EFT). The EFT occurred about 5000 to 6000 BP throughout the estuarine plain. A contrasting situation exists in the lowland Holocene basin of the microtidal Sepik and Ramu rivers in Papua New Guinea, which derive sediment from highly tectonic catchments. A tectonic basin, which was a shallow brackish inland sea after Post-glacial transgression, is separated by a low divide from a deltaic plain. Progradation of the deltaic plain commenced about 3500 BP after regressive sedimentation eclipsed the inland sea in the tectonic basin. Contrasting organic facies, mangrove in the Daly and freshwater swamp deposits in the Sepik-Ramu, highlight differences between facies models of the two systems. Differences between fluvio-tidal regimes are reflected by the EFT, which is synchronous in the Daly and diachronous in the Sepik-Ramu, and possibly by the MFS which is diachronous in the Daly and may be synchronous in the Sepik-Ramu.

  5. Nugaros apatinės dalies skausmo įtaka pacientų pusiausvyrai

    OpenAIRE

    Kuklys, Lukas

    2016-01-01

    Darbo tikslas: Įvertinti ir palyginti pacientų, kenčiančių nugaros apatinės dalies skausmą, pusiausvyrą ir pėdos apkrovą reabilitacijos metu, taikant kineziterapijos procedūrų kompleksą. Darbo uždaviniai: 1. Įvertinti pacientų pusiausvyros pokytį reabilitacijos metu naudojant gandro testą. 2. Įvertinti pacientų pusiausvyros pokytį reabilitacijos metu naudojant slėgio pasiskirstymo plokštumą TekScan MatScan®. 3. Palyginti gautus rezultatus. Tyrimo metodai. Iš viso tyrime dalyvavo 10 pacientų, ...

  6. Federal Judge Orders Showing of Controversial Film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flygare, Thomas J.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews a recent court decision in Nebraska regarding the cancellation of a controversial film on the University of Nebraska campus. The film was cancelled after a state senator threatened to close the theater if the movie was shown. The lawsuit alleged the university violated the First Amendment in cancelling the film; the judge ruled for the…

  7. How Do Raters Judge Spoken Vocabulary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate how raters come to their decisions when judging spoken vocabulary. Segmental rating was introduced to quantify raters' decision-making process. It is hoped that this simulated study brings fresh insight to future methodological considerations with spoken data. Twenty trainee raters assessed five Chinese…

  8. Harry Judge and Oxford: College and University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halsey, A. H.

    2008-01-01

    Has Harry Judge's career reproduced in a lifetime the centuries-old history of Brasenose College and the University of Oxford? His biography and the history of his college in relation to Christian belief and modern university reform are briefly recapitulated. All tell a story of adaptation and modernisation, the man short, the college long, the…

  9. Judging the international transfer of technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuis, H.J.; de Bruijn, E.J.

    2000-01-01

    International transfer of technology is a widely discussed area in the scientific literature. Although many different factors are discussed in the literature that affect the transfer of technology, it is not clear how to judge the performance of companies involved in international technology

  10. 7 CFR 900.55 - Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... matter as a part of the record and decision in the proceeding, after making such investigation or holding... of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and... Governing Proceedings on Petitions To Modify or To Be Exempted From Marketing Orders § 900.55 Judges....

  11. 7 CFR 1200.7 - Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... matter as a part of the record and decision in the proceeding, after making such investigation or holding... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judge. 1200.7 Section 1200.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS...

  12. Judging The International Transfer Of Technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuis, Harm-Jan; Bruijn, de Erik J.

    2000-01-01

    International transfer of technology is a widely discussed area in the scientific literature. Although many different factors are discussed in the literature that affect the transfer of technology, it is not clear how to judge the performance of companies involved in international technology transfe

  13. Deformation mechanisms and petrophysical properties of chert and limestone fault rocks within slope-to-basin succession (Gargano Promontory, Southern Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korneva, Irina; Tondi, Emanuele; Balsamo, Fabrizio; Agosta, Fabrizio

    2016-10-01

    In this work, we examine faults that crosscut limestone and chert rocks pertaining to a slope-to-basin succession of the eastern Gargano Promontory (southern Italy). Based on field data, microstructural observations, and quantitative analysis of cataclastic fabric, two stages of faulting are recognized. The first one, the pre-lithification faulting stage, took place within partially lithified sediments prior to their complete lithification. Differently, the second one, the post-lithification faulting stage, occurred within cohesive, well-lithified rocks. The structural properties of pre-lithification faults were likely controlled by the competence contrast between limestone and chert sediments. In fact, due to their different lithification stages, faulting occurred when chert was still not completely lithified, and hence was dragged along the fault planes. As a consequence, the pre-lithification fault cores are mainly composed of chert clasts. On the contrary, post-lithification fault cores are mostly made up of limestone clasts. The results of both microstructural and image analyses show that the carbonate fault rock includes a higher percentage of bigger clasts with lower values of angularity than the chert fault rock. Mercury-intrusion porosimetry indicates that the chert fault rock is characterized by larger pore throats and a lower amount of total porosity with respect to the limestone fault rock. The permeability values obtained for the limestone fault rock are lower than those for the chert fault rock, probably because of the lower amount of pore connectivity within the former fault rock. Results of this multidisciplinary work highlight the role played by cherty layers present within well-layered, slope-to-basin carbonate successions on both microtextural and petrophysical fault rock properties. Furthermore, these results increase our ability to predict how lithological heterogeneities and amount of lithification influence the deformation mechanisms, hence

  14. Temporal Variation in Natural Gas Seep Rate and Influence Factors in the Lingtou Promontory Seep Field of the Northern South China Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengfei Di

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural hydrocarbon seeps in marine environment are important sources of methane and other greenhouse gases into the ocean and the atmosphere. This greenhouse gas seepage influences the global methane budget and global climate change. Hydrocarbon seeps on the shallow seabed produce a near-shore gas bubble zone along the western coast of Hainan Island, in the northern South China Sea. However, few studies on the quantitative value of the methane flux and on temporal variation and influence factors of hydrocarbon seeps have been conducted until now. This study describes the results of continuous gas vent measurements for 420 hours on the seabed of the Lingtou promontory shore. The amount of gas released from a single gas vent was 30.5 m3 during the measurement period. The gas flow rate ranged from 22 - 72 L h-1, with an average rate of 53.4 L h-1. The time series analyses of the 420-hour record clearly show three principal tidal components with periods of 5.4, 4.6, and 2.4 hours, which are the main factors controlling the gas flow rate. Low flow rates were associated with high tide and high flow rates associated with low tide. A 1-m increase in seawater height results in a decrease of 20 - 30 L h-1 or 35 - 56% of the hourly flow rate. Therefore, the changes in gas volume escape from the pore could be attributed to the hydrostatic pressure effect induced by water depth. This dominant mechanism controlled pore activation as well as the gas flow rate, suggesting that in the marine environment, especially the shallow-water shelf area, sea level changes may result in great variations in methane release into the ocean and atmosphere.

  15. The pathogen- and incidence-based DALY approach: an appropriate [corrected] methodology for estimating the burden of infectious diseases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Josée J Mangen

    Full Text Available In 2009, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control initiated the 'Burden of Communicable Diseases in Europe (BCoDE' project to generate evidence-based and comparable burden-of-disease estimates of infectious diseases in Europe. The burden-of-disease metric used was the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY, composed of years of life lost due to premature death (YLL and due to disability (YLD. To better represent infectious diseases, a pathogen-based approach was used linking incident cases to sequelae through outcome trees. Health outcomes were included if an evidence-based causal relationship between infection and outcome was established. Life expectancy and disability weights were taken from the Global Burden of Disease Study and alternative studies. Disease progression parameters were based on literature. Country-specific incidence was based on surveillance data corrected for underestimation. Non-typhoidal Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp. were used for illustration. Using the incidence- and pathogen-based DALY approach the total burden for Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp. was estimated at 730 DALYs and at 1,780 DALYs per year in the Netherlands (average of 2005-2007. Sequelae accounted for 56% and 82% of the total burden of Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp., respectively. The incidence- and pathogen-based DALY methodology allows in the case of infectious diseases a more comprehensive calculation of the disease burden as subsequent sequelae are fully taken into account. Not considering subsequent sequelae would strongly underestimate the burden of infectious diseases. Estimates can be used to support prioritisation and comparison of infectious diseases and other health conditions, both within a country and between countries.

  16. Disability-adjusted Life Years (DALYs) for Mental and Substance Use Disorders in the Korean Burden of Disease Study 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Dohee; Lee, Won Kyung; Park, Hyesook

    2016-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the national burden of mental substance disorders on medical care utilization in Korea using National Health Insurance System (NHIS) data and updated disability weight, in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). For each of the 24 disorders, the incident years lived with disability (YLDs) was calculated, using NHIS data to estimate prevalence and incidence rates. The DisMod-II software program was used to model duration and remission. The years of life lost (YLLs) due to premature death were calculated from causes of death statistics. DALYs were computed as the sum of YLDs and YLLs, and time discounting and age weighting were applied. The year examined was 2012, and the subjects were divided into 9 groups according to age. In 2012, the Korean burden of mental and substance use disorders was 945,391 DALYs. More than 98% of DALYs were from YLDs, and the burden in females was greater than that in males, though the burden in males aged less than 19 years old was greater than that in females. Unipolar depressive disorders, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders were found to be major diseases that accounted for more than 70% of the burden, and most DALYs occurred in their 30-59. Mental and substance use disorders accounted for 6.2% of the total burden of disease and were found to be the 7th greatest burden of disease. Therefore, mental and substance use disorders need to be embraced by mainstream health care with resources commensurate with the burden.

  17. Practical Skills of Rhythmic Gymnastics Judges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Villarino, Maria A.; Bobo-Arce, Marta; Sierra-Palmeiro, Elena

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the practical skills of rhythmic gymnastics judges and to identify how their degree and experience influence the assessment of these skills. Sixty one rhythmic gymnastics judges participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. This tool was composed of 28 questions and divided into six categories: identification, experience, initial training, continuing education, skills and training needs. The results suggest that the most valued skills are those related to the sport’s technical parameters and the ability to adapt to any level of competition with self-confidence and self-assuredness. Significant differences were found regarding the variables for: the ability to communicate (p = 0.002) and for the ability to observe, identify and register performance (p = 0.005). The results showed that experience was not a decisive factor in assessing skills. This study thus presents evidence that rhythmic gymnastics judges must implement and optimise a set of skills that contribute to the effectiveness of the assessment process. These findings might help in the design of programs and training models that contribute to effective professional development. PMID:24511360

  18. Virginia Tech Horse Judging Team leaves its mark in Texas

    OpenAIRE

    Greiner, Lori A.

    2010-01-01

    The Virginia Tech Horse Judging Team completed a successful spring competition season with a win at the American Paint Horse Association's Spring Intercollegiate Horse Judging Sweepstakes in Fort Worth, Texas.

  19. DALI2: A NaI(Tl) detector array for measurements of $\\gamma$ rays from fast nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Takeuchi, S; Togano, Y; Matsushita, M; Aoi, N; Demichi, K; Hasegawa, H; Murakami, H

    2014-01-01

    A NaI(Tl) detector array called DALI2 (Detector Array for Low Intensity radiation 2) has been constructed for in-beam $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy experiments with fast radioactive isotope (RI) beams. It consists typically of 186 NaI(Tl) scintillators covering polar angles from $\\sim$15$^{\\circ}$ to $\\sim$160$^{\\circ}$ with an average angular resolution of 6$^{\\circ}$ in full width at half maximum. Its high granularity (good angular resolution) enables Doppler-shift corrections that result in, for example, 10% energy resolution and 20% full-energy photopeak efficiency for 1-MeV $\\gamma$ rays emitted from fast-moving nuclei (velocities of $v/c \\simeq 0.6$). DALI2 has been employed successfully in numerous experiments using fast RI beams with velocities of $v/c = 0.3 - 0.6$ provided by the RIKEN RI Beam Factory.

  20. "Judges of the Velum" and "Judges of the Hippodrome" in Thessalonike (11th c.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas GKOUTZIOUKOSTAS

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study focuses on judicial officers coming from Constantinople to Thessalonike in the 11th century. The judge of the theme of Thessalonike was in charge of trying cases in the region. From the second fifth of the 11th century, however, his jurisdiction was extended to the greater financial and judicial unit of Boleron, Strymon and Thessalonike as well. Lead seals and documents from the archives of the monasteries of Athos prove that many of the krites of Boleron, Strymon and Thessalonike had been previously krites of the velum and judges of the hippodrome who performed their duties in the capital and belonged to the ranks of the “small judges”. These judicial officers tried cases that were referred to them, while they could also function as assessors of the “great” or superior judges of Constantinople, i.e. the droungarios of the vigla, the dikaiodotes, the protoasecretis, the eparchos of the city, the koiaistor and the epi ton kriseon. The latter could delegate the authority to try cases to the “small” or inferior judges. Consequently, the judges of the velum and the judges of the hippodrome could also be sent from Constantinople to the themes by the emperor or other officials, in order to examine some cases and then return to the capital. This is confirmed by the primary sources, which mention for example the case of judge of the hippodrome Michael Rhodios, who was sent by Alexios I Komnenos in 1084 from Constantinople to the region of Thessalonike, in order to examine a dispute between the Lavra monastery and the brother of the emperor, Adrian. Some years later Michael Rhodios was sent again to try cases in Thessalonike, but this time as krites of Boleron, Strymon and Thessalonike. Consequently, apart from the judge of Boleron, Strymon and Thessalonike, other judges delegated by the emperor or by high officers could also examine cases there, as happened in other themes. From the 14th century on, as Macedonia developed

  1. 大理近代数学教育史研究%Research on Modern Mathematics Education History in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳梅

    2014-01-01

    通过对大理近代数学教育史料收集整理,得出初等数学教育和高等数学教育的发展演变特点。初等数学教育历经学堂数学教育兴起到学校数学教育发展的演变过程;高等数学教育起步较晚,但华中大学在大理喜洲办学推动了大理高等数学教育的发展。了解上述演变特点,对当今数学教育改革具有借鉴价值。%By collecting and sorting the historical materials of modern mathematics education in Dali, we obtain the development and evolution characteristics in elementary mathematics education and higher mathematics education. The elementary mathematics education goes through an evolution process from emerges of old and private school mathematics education to development of school mathematics education. Higher mathematics education started late in Dali, but Central China University promoted the development of Dali higher mathematics education at Xizhou. Therefore, understanding the evolution characteristics is reference value to mathematics education reform nowadays.

  2. 29 CFR 501.37 - Referral to Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral to Administrative Law Judge. 501.37 Section 501.37... to Administrative Law Judge. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing filed pursuant to and... shall be filed of record in the Office of the Chief Administrative Law Judge and shall, respectively,...

  3. 31 CFR 501.740 - Decision of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision of Administrative Law Judge... REGULATIONS Trading With the Enemy Act (TWEA) Penalties § 501.740 Decision of Administrative Law Judge. The Administrative Law Judge shall prepare a decision that constitutes his or her final disposition of...

  4. 31 CFR 15.737-19 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 15.737-19... CONFLICT OF INTEREST Administrative Enforcement Proceedings § 15.737-19 Administrative Law Judge. (a) Appointment. An Administrative Law Judge appointed as provided by 5 U.S.C. 3105 (1966), shall...

  5. 29 CFR 502.37 - Referral to Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral to Administrative Law Judge. 502.37 Section 502.37... § 502.37 Referral to Administrative Law Judge. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing filed... Judge, for a determination in an administrative proceeding as provided herein. The notice...

  6. 31 CFR 8.62 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 8.62... BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO AND FIREARMS Disciplinary Proceedings § 8.62 Administrative Law Judge. (a) Appointment. An Administrative Law Judge, appointed as provided by 5 U.S.C. 3105, shall conduct...

  7. 14 CFR 302.607 - Decision by administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Decision by administrative law judge. 302... Proceedings Concerning Airport Fees § 302.607 Decision by administrative law judge. The administrative law judge shall issue a decision recommending a disposition of a complaint or request for...

  8. 31 CFR 501.736 - Authority of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority of Administrative Law Judge... REGULATIONS Trading With the Enemy Act (TWEA) Penalties § 501.736 Authority of Administrative Law Judge. The Administrative Law Judge shall have authority to do all things necessary and appropriate to discharge his or...

  9. 43 CFR 4.439 - Action by administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Action by administrative law judge. 4.439... Involving Questions of Fact § 4.439 Action by administrative law judge. Upon completion of the hearing and the incorporation of the summary or transcript in the record, the administrative law judge will...

  10. 17 CFR 200.14 - Office of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Organization § 200.14 Office of Administrative Law Judges. (a) Under the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 551-559) and the federal securities laws, the Office of Administrative Law Judges conducts hearings in proceedings instituted by the Commission. The Administrative Law Judges are responsible for the fair...

  11. 20 CFR 655.1035 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655... Attestations Filed by Employers Utilizing F-1 Students in Off-Campus Work § 655.1035 Administrative law judge....1020 of this part, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall promptly appoint an administrative...

  12. 10 CFR 706.12 - Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative Law Judges. 706.12 Section 706.12 Energy... and Procedures in National Labor Relations Board Proceedings § 706.12 Administrative Law Judges. By agreement with the National Labor Relations Board, a panel of cleared NLRB administrative law judges...

  13. 29 CFR 500.224 - Referral to Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral to Administrative Law Judge. 500.224 Section 500... Hearing § 500.224 Referral to Administrative Law Judge. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing... Administrative Law Judge, for a determination in an administrative proceeding as provided herein. The notice...

  14. 43 CFR 4.1121 - Powers of administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Powers of administrative law judges. 4... Evidentiary Hearings § 4.1121 Powers of administrative law judges. (a) Under the regulations of this part, an administrative law judge may— (1) Administer oaths and affirmations; (2) Issue subpoenas; (3) Issue...

  15. 43 CFR 4.1204 - Determination by administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Determination by administrative law judge... administrative law judge. Upon a finding of a violation of section 703 of the act or 30 CFR 865.11, the administrative law judge shall order the appropriate affirmative relief, including but not limited to— (a)...

  16. 43 CFR 4.1122 - Conduct of administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conduct of administrative law judges. 4.1122 Section 4.1122 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS... Evidentiary Hearings § 4.1122 Conduct of administrative law judges. Administrative law judges shall adhere...

  17. 29 CFR 801.63 - Referral to Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral to Administrative Law Judge. 801.63 Section 801.63... § 801.63 Referral to Administrative Law Judge. (a) Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing filed... Judge, for a determination in an administrative proceeding as provided herein. The notice...

  18. 46 CFR 502.223 - Decisions-Administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Decisions-Administrative law judges. 502.223 Section 502... PROCEDURE Briefs; Requests for Findings; Decisions; Exceptions § 502.223 Decisions—Administrative law judges. To the administrative law judges is delegated the authority to make and serve initial or...

  19. 29 CFR 458.70 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 458.70 Section 458.70 Labor... STANDARDS OF CONDUCT Hearing and Related Matters § 458.70 Administrative Law Judge. Each enforcement proceeding instituted pursuant to this part shall be conducted before an Administrative Law Judge...

  20. 29 CFR 1603.202 - Administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative law judge. 1603.202 Section 1603.202 Labor... THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 Hearings § 1603.202 Administrative law judge. The administrative law judge shall have all the powers necessary to conduct fair, expeditious, and impartial...

  1. 20 CFR 655.645 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655.645... Alien Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.645 Administrative law judge proceedings... of this part, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall promptly appoint an administrative law...

  2. 28 CFR 68.28 - Authority of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authority of Administrative Law Judge. 68... PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF... Authority of Administrative Law Judge. (a) General powers. In any proceeding under this part,...

  3. 31 CFR 10.70 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 10.70... INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE Rules Applicable to Disciplinary Proceedings § 10.70 Administrative Law Judge. (a..., firm or other entity, or appraiser will be conducted by an Administrative Law Judge appointed...

  4. 78 FR 52389 - Hearing Officer and Administrative Judge

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... 1992-AA36 Hearing Officer and Administrative Judge AGENCY: Office of Hearings and Appeals, Department... nuclear material by replacing the term ``Hearing Officer'' with ``Administrative Judge.'' DATES: This rule... clearance and in other areas, are commonly referred to as ``Administrative Judges.'' To accurately...

  5. 14 CFR 302.17 - Administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative law judges. 302.17 Section... Evidentiary Hearing Proceedings § 302.17 Administrative law judges. (a) Powers and delegation of authority. (1) An administrative law judge shall have the following powers, in addition to any others specified...

  6. 43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of administrative law judge. 4... (inside and Outside Grazing Districts) § 4.474 Authority of administrative law judge. (a) The administrative law judge is vested with the duty and general authority to conduct the hearing in an...

  7. 34 CFR 76.901 - Office of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Office of Administrative Law Judges. 76.901 Section 76... Procedures Does the Secretary Use To Get Compliance? § 76.901 Office of Administrative Law Judges. (a) The Office of Administrative Law Judges, established under Part E of GEPA, has the following functions:...

  8. 22 CFR 1423.20 - Unavailability of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Unavailability of Administrative Law Judges... RELATIONS AUTHORITY UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICE PROCEEDINGS § 1423.20 Unavailability of Administrative Law Judges. In the event the Administrative Law Judge designated to conduct the hearing becomes unavailable,...

  9. 29 CFR 6.6 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Administrative Law Judge. 6.6 Section 6.6 Labor Office of... Administrative Law Judge. (a) Equal Access to Justice Act. Proceedings under this part are not subject to the... provisions of this part 6, Administrative Law Judges shall have no power or authority to award attorney...

  10. 29 CFR 530.404 - Referral to Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral to Administrative Law Judge. 530.404 Section 530... Administrative Law Judge. Upon receipt of a timely request for a hearing, the request and a copy of the notice of... Law Judge, for a determination in an administrative proceeding as provided herein. The notice...

  11. 31 CFR 8.68 - Decision of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision of Administrative Law Judge... Administrative Law Judge. As soon as practicable after the conclusion of a hearing and the receipt of any proposed findings and conclusions timely submitted by the parties, the Administrative Law Judge shall...

  12. 20 CFR 410.634 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 410.634 Section 410... Review, Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.634 Administrative Law Judge. The... appropriate case, the Deputy Commissioner may designate another Administrative Law Judge or a member...

  13. 20 CFR 655.435 - Administrative law judge proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge proceedings. 655.435... accordance with § 655.420, the Chief Administrative Law Judge shall appoint an administrative law judge to hear the case. (b) Within 7 days following the assignment of the case, the administrative law...

  14. 24 CFR 17.153 - Determination of the Administrative Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Determination of the Administrative Judge. (a) Following the hearing or the review of the record, the Administrative Judge shall issue a written decision which includes the supporting rationale for the decision. The decision of the Administrative Judge concerning whether a debt or part of a debt is past-due and...

  15. 24 CFR 1720.145 - Disqualification of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative law judge. (a) When an administrative law judge feels disqualified from presiding in a particular proceeding, the administrative law judge shall withdraw therefrom by notice on the record and shall notify the Secretary of such withdrawal. (b) Whenever any party believes that the administrative law...

  16. 31 CFR 10.76 - Decision of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision of Administrative Law Judge... Administrative Law Judge. (a) In general—(1) Hearings. Within 180 days after the conclusion of a hearing and the... adjudication. In the event that a motion for summary adjudication is filed, the Administrative Law Judge...

  17. 29 CFR 580.10 - Referral to Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral to Administrative Law Judge. 580.10 Section 580.10... Referral to Administrative Law Judge. (a) Upon receipt of a timely exception to a determination of... Administrative Law Judge, for a determination in an administrative proceeding as provided herein. A copy of...

  18. 5 CFR 2421.10 - Chief Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Chief Administrative Law Judge. 2421.10 Section 2421.10 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY, GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE FEDERAL... § 2421.10 Chief Administrative Law Judge. Chief Administrative Law Judge means the Chief...

  19. Judging Anomalies at the 2010 Olympics in Men's Figure Skating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Looney, Marilyn A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the 2010 Olympic figure skating judges had trouble scoring Plushenko and the transitions program component, and if the International Skating Union's (ISU) "corridor" method flagged the same judging anomalies as the Rasch analyses. A 3-facet (skater by program component by judge) Rasch rating scale…

  20. 29 CFR 18.605 - Competency of judge as witness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Competency of judge as witness. 18.605 Section 18.605 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES Rules of Evidence Witnesses § 18.605 Competency of judge as...

  1. THE PRE-TRIAL CHAMBER JUDGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Laurentiu DUMBRAVA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of this work lies in important changes in the new Code of Criminal Procedure, amendments justified by the new realities of a democratic society in which criminal procedural rules must be adapted according to the daily realities in the achievement of justice. The purpose of the paper is given by the need of approaching at a theoretically level the institution of The Pre-Trial Chamber Judge, given that so far there have not been developed any works on the subject. This paper addresses both practitioners and litigants.

  2. THE PRE-TRIAL CHAMBER JUDGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Laurenţiu DUMBRAVĂ

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The importance of this work lies in important changes in the new Code of Criminal Procedure, amendments justified by the new realities of a democratic society in which criminal procedural rules must be adapted according to the daily realities in the achievement of justice. The purpose of the paper is given by the need of approaching at a theoretically level the institution of The Pre-Trial Chamber Judge, given that so far there have not been developed any works on the subject. This paper addresses both practitioners and litigants.

  3. 大理至瑞丽铁路大理西车站路基设计%Subgrade Design of Dali West Station on Dali-Ruili Railway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白朝能; 肖朝乾; 李建国

    2014-01-01

    Dali West Station is located on the right bank of Xi'er River that belongs to the typical denuded ravine land-form. The design of subgrade is strongly featured by high seismic intensity, extremely complicated landform and geology. This subgrade works in the range of only 1 km, where the seismic intensity reaches 8 degree, are impacted by a large re-gional fault and two branch faults. Unfavorable geology and special geotechnical development include mud-rock flow, landslide, talus, bedding, overhanging rock and rock fall, pothole and steep hill spoil. In view of such complex land-form and geology, annular protecting net, lightweight and flexible reinforcement and protection technology of anchor ( rockbolt) ,in-situ reinforcement technology of soil nailing wall, slab-pile wall with anchor and frame beam with anchor, weight balanced retaining wall on the supported beam of pile foundation and other new combined retaining structures are adopted for subgrade works to realize the engineering design ideas of diversity, combination, new type orientation, light-weight trend and flexibility. In the study of the technical proposals, we focus on the overall things and start with the spe-cialties. Besides, systematic risk control of subgrade construction is highlighted, and open-cut tunnel is reasonably cho-sen for passing mud-rock flow gully, which greatly reduces the renovation construction of bridges by the side of mountains. Rationalization, integration and systematization of engineering choice are achieved.%大理西站位于西耳河右岸,属典型的剥蚀中山峡谷地貌。地震烈度高,地形、地质条件极其复杂,路基工程修建难度大是本站路基工程设计最大的特点。在地震烈度高达8度的短短1 km范围的路基工程,受1条区域大断层及2条支断层的影响,不良地质及特殊岩土发育有泥石流、滑坡、岩堆、顺层、危岩落石、人工坑洞、陡坡人工弃土等不良地质体。针对

  4. Judging the Judges: An Analysis of Ballots in Impromptu and Extemporaneous Speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronn-Mills, Daniel; Croucher, Stephen M.

    The goal of forensics is to teach students the complexity and impact of communication on the human condition. The ballot is the key to the educational process within the competitive realm of forensics. The judge is both an adjudicator and a teacher within each round, and, therefore, ballots should provide students with comments indicating reasons…

  5. On the complexity of traffic judges' decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Leiser

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Professional judges in traffic courts sentence many hundreds of offenders per year. Using 639 case files from archives, we compared the Matching Heuristic (MH to compensatory, weighing algorithms (WM. We modeled and cross validated the models on different subsets of the data, and took several other methodological precautions such as allowing each model to select the optimal number of variables and ordering and weighing the variables in accordance to different logics. We did not reproduce the finding by Dhami (2003, who found the MH to be superior to a compensatory algorithm in modeling bail-granting decisions. These simulations brought out the inner logic of the two family of models, showing what combination of parameters works best. It remains remarkable that using only a fraction of the variables and combining them non-compensatorily, MH obtained nearly as good a fit as the weighing method.

  6. Sex Differences in Stroke Incidence, Prevalence, Mortality and DALYs: Results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Bennett, Derrick A.; Krishnamurthi, Rita; Parmar, Priya; Feigin, Valery L; Naghavi, Mohsen; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Johnson, Catherine; Nguyen, Grant; Mensah, George A.; Vos, Theo; Murray, Christopher; Roth, Gregory A.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Akinyemi, Rufus, O.; Bahit, Cecilia; Banerjee, Amitava; Basu, Sanjay; Brainin, Michael; Bornstein, Natan M.; Caso, Valeria; Catalá-López, Ferrán; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Christensen, Hanne; Colomar, Merceded; Davis, Stephen; deVeber, Gabrielle; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Donnan, Geoffrey; Dorairaj, Prabhakaran; Dokova, Klara; Endres, Matthias; Fernandes, Jefferson G; Geleijnse, J. Marianne; Gillum, Richard F.; Giroud, Maurice; Guohong, Jiang; Hamadeh, Randah R.; Hankey, Graeme J.; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jin, Kim Yun; Jonas, Jost B.; Kalkonde, Yogesh; Kengne, Andre P; Kim, Daniel; Kissela, Brett M.; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Lavados, Pablo; Lindsay, Patrice; Lotufo, Paulo A; Mackay, Mark T.; Malekzadeh, Reza; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Nand, Devina; Norrving, Bo; Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai; Perkins, Harry; Pourmalek, Farshad; Ricci, Stefano; Riccio, Patricia M.; Rojas-Rueda, David; Roy, Nobhojit; Sacco, Ralph, L.; Sahathevan, Ramesh; Sheth, Kevin N.; Shiue, Ivy; Sposato, Luciano A.; Tanne, David; Thrift, Amanda; Thurston, George; Tirschwell, David; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Vlassov, Vasiliy; Westerman, Ronny; Wolfe, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Background Accurate information on stroke burden in men and women are important for evidence-based health care planning and resource allocation. Previously, limited research suggested that the absolute number of deaths from stroke in women was greater than in men, but the incidence and mortality rates were greater in men. However, sex differences in various metrics of stroke burden on a global scale have not been a subject of comprehensive and comparable assessment for most regions of the world, nor have sex differences in stroke burden been examined for trends over time. Methods Stroke incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy years lost due to disability (YLDs) were estimated as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 Study. Data inputs included all available information on stroke incidence, prevalence, and death and case fatality rates. Analysis was performed separately by sex and 5-year age categories for 188 countries. Statistical models were employed to produce globally comprehensive results over time. All rates were age-standardized to a global population and 95% uncertainty intervals (UI) were computed. Findings In 2013 global ischaemic stroke (IS) and haemorrhagic stroke (HS) incidence (per 100 000) in men (IS 132.77 [95% UI, 125.34-142.77]; HS 64.89 [95% UI 59.82-68.85]) exceeded those of women (IS 98.85 [95%UI, 92.11 - 106.62]; HS 45.48 [95% UI, 42.43-48.53]). IS incidence rates were lower in 2013 compared with 1990 rates for both sexes (1990 male IS incidence 147.40 [95% UI, 137.87-157-66]; 1990 female IS incidence 113.31 [95%UI, 103.52 – 123.40]), but the only significant change in IS incidence was among women. Changes in global HS incidence were not statistically significant for males (1990 = 65.31 [95% UI, 61.63 – 69.0], 2013 = 64.89[95% UI, 59.82-68.85]), but was significant for females (1990= 64.892 [95% UI, 59.82-68.85], 2013= 45.48 [95% UI, 42.427-48.53]). The number of DALYs related to IS

  7. δ13CSC values of the loess-paleosol sequence in Dali area, Shaanxi Province, China, and paleoenvironmental implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The carbon isotopic ratios of carbonate in the two profiles of the Dali area were analyzed and some new understandings on the influencing factors of the δ13CSC value of the loess-paleosol sequence and its paleoenvironmental implications were discussed preliminarily in this report. The 13CSC value of the Dali loess-paleosol sequence is synchronizing with the variance of magnetic susceptibility basically and the negative peaks of the δ13CSC curves are corresponding to the different developmental periods of the paleosol. It is believed that the intervention of the CO2 produced by plants will cause the decrease of the δ13CSC value, the amplitude of which may be relevant to the paleovegetation density and the ancient humidity. The relative biomass of C4 plants in the vegetation will affect the sublevel change of the δ13CSC. Low δ13CSC value by and large indicates the environmental conditions of the relatively abundant vegetation and humid climate. During the last 250000 years, the period with the sparsest vegetation and the most arid climate is the phase of the loess in L2 depositing and the period with the most abundant vegetation and the most humid climate is the last interglacial period. The δ13CSC curves of Dali also show that the High Temperature and Large Precipitation Event of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during 40-30 kaBP had affected the Central Shaanxi Plain with relatively humid climate, and had apparent influence on the local vegetation and humidity.

  8. Association between worldwide dietary and lifestyle patterns with total cholesterol concentrations and DALYs for infectious and cardiovascular diseases: an ecological analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oggioni, C; Cena, H; Wells, J C K; Lara, J; Celis-Morales, C; Siervo, M

    2015-12-01

    Global dietary and lifestyle trends are primary risk factors for communicable and non-communicable diseases. An ecological analysis was conducted to examine the association of global dietary and lifestyle patterns with total cholesterol concentrations. This study also investigated whether total cholesterol modified the association between dietary and lifestyle habits with disability-adjusted-life-years-lost (DALYs) for infectious and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Country-specific mean total cholesterol concentrations and DALYs for infectious and CVDs were obtained. Data were then matched to country-specific food and energy availability for consumption and information on obesity, physical inactivity, urbanization, gross domestic product (GDP), life expectancy and smoking. Stepwise multiple regression models were developed to identify significant predictors of total cholesterol concentrations and DALYs for infectious and CVDs. Life expectancy and egg and meat consumption were significantly associated with cholesterol concentrations. DALYs for infectious diseases were associated with smoking, life expectancy and per capita GDP. Smoking was the only predictor of DALYs for CVDs. The improvement of socio-demographic conditions and economic growth is likely to reduce the burden of communicable diseases in developing countries. A concurring increase in non-communicable diseases is expected, and these results have, yet again, identified smoking as a primary risk factor for CVDs. Copyright © 2015 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. 大理古城西餐馆经营特色研究%Business model research on west restaurant in ancient city of Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷群

    2012-01-01

    经营特色是西餐馆经营竞争优势的重要来源。西餐作为外来的餐饮形式,近年来,在大理古城开设西餐馆比较集中的洋人街、人民路、红龙井三条街上,其经营理念与旅游活动中的大众化、时尚化元素相结合,形成了颇具特色的大理古城西餐馆。文章分析了大理古城西餐馆经营现状、经营特色、提出了大理古城西餐馆创新经营管理的对策,以促进大理旅游业的可持续发展。%Business model is an important source of competitive advantage of the west restaurant operators. West restaurant, as the external form of food and beverage, in Dali Foreigners Street, Renmin Road, Hong Longjing in recent years, its business concepts, management style combines with tourism activities in the popularization of fashion elements, forms the distinctive Dali west restaurants. This paper analyzes Dali west restaurants ' operating status, operating mode, and proposes Dali west restaurants' innovation management to promote the sustainable tourism development in Dali.

  10. Individual Evaluation of Judges in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Riedel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In Germany, with the exception of the five federal supreme courts, court organization is a responsibility of the Länder (federal states. In some of the Länder, so-called employee profiles (“Anforderungsprofile“ have been established for judicial office. These lists attempt to describe criteria for certain judicial positions. They are applied in the process of promotion but also serve as an indicator for initial appointment.The European picture with respect to individual evaluation of judges is extremely diverse. In preparation for this paper, the author attempted to ascertain the situation in the Council of Europe member states. The results of this survey (to which 23 members of the CCJE have replied are listed in Appendix I.The general difficulty of professional evaluation of judges lies in the limits that have to be observed for constitutional reasons. In Germany, the overall rule of every evaluation is that there has to be a reliable factual basis. The evaluator is under a duty not to omit relevant aspects, to consider all the facts that make part of the picture, not to select arbitrarily but to try to paint a true and full picture of the person who is being evaluated. In the case of judges, it is unacceptable to comment on the core of judicial decision-making. Evaluations may be challenged in the administrative court on grounds of fact as well as on grounds of law. En Alemania, con la excepción de las cinco cortes supremas federales, la organización judicial es responsabilidad de los Länder (estados federales. En algunos de estos Länder, se han establecido los denominados perfiles de empleados (“Anforderungsprofile” para la oficina judicial. Estas listas pretenden describir los criterios para determinados cargos judiciales. Se aplican en los procesos de promoción, pero también sirven como un indicador para el nombramiento inicial.El panorama europeo respecto a la evaluación individual de los jueces es muy diverso. Preparando

  11. Disability Case Review of Administrative Law Judge Hearing Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Disability Case Review is a post-effectuation quality review of administrative law judge (ALJ) disability hearing decisions. This dataset includes results from...

  12. 36 CFR 1150.53 - Disqualification of judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of judge. 1150.53 Section 1150.53 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS...) If the judge does not disqualify himself/herself, he/she shall so rule upon the record, stating the...

  13. 42 CFR 498.45 - Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. 498.45 Section 498.45 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... CERTAIN NFs IN THE MEDICAID PROGRAM Hearings § 498.45 Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. (a)...

  14. 42 CFR 498.74 - Administrative Law Judge's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge's decision. 498.74 Section 498.74 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... IN THE MEDICAID PROGRAM Hearings § 498.74 Administrative Law Judge's decision. (a) Timing, basis...

  15. 42 CFR 423.1068 - Administrative Law Judge's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge's decision. 423.1068 Section 423.1068 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... Civil Money Penalties § 423.1068 Administrative Law Judge's decision. (a) Timing, basis and content....

  16. 29 CFR 102.6 - Administrative law judge; hearing officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative law judge; hearing officer. 102.6 Section 102.6 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD RULES AND REGULATIONS, SERIES 8 Definitions § 102.6 Administrative law judge; hearing officer. The term administrative law...

  17. 42 CFR 423.1026 - Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. 423.1026 Section 423.1026 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Procedures for Civil Money Penalties § 423.1026 Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. (a) An ALJ...

  18. 42 CFR 422.1026 - Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. 422.1026 Section 422.1026 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Penalties § 422.1026 Disqualification of Administrative Law Judge. (a) An ALJ may not conduct a hearing in...

  19. 24 CFR 1720.525 - Decision of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PRACTICE Adjudicatory Proceedings Hearings § 1720.525 Decision of administrative law judge. (a) The administrative law judge shall make and file a decision within 30 days after the close of the taking of evidence... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Decision of administrative...

  20. 42 CFR 422.1068 - Administrative Law Judge's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge's decision. 422.1068 Section 422.1068 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... Penalties § 422.1068 Administrative Law Judge's decision. (a) Timing, basis and content. As soon...

  1. 49 CFR 1503.607 - Administrative law judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative law judges. 1503.607 Section 1503... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Rules of Practice in TSA Civil Penalty Actions § 1503.607 Administrative law judges. (a) Powers...

  2. 8 CFR 235.6 - Referral to immigration judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Referral to immigration judge. 235.6 Section 235.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 235.6 Referral to immigration judge. (a) Notice—(1) Referral by Form...

  3. 13 CFR 134.404 - Decision by Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Decision by Administrative Law Judge. 134.404 Section 134.404 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF... 8(a) Program § 134.404 Decision by Administrative Law Judge. Appeal proceedings brought under...

  4. Cultivating the Possible: A Tribute to Harry Judge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruner, Jerome

    2008-01-01

    When he arrived in Oxford in the early 1970s, Harry Judge and this author were already good friends. They had spent a lot of time talking about their respective concerns--the author on how "mind" should be conceived, and Judge on how and by whom "mind" should be cultivated in the educational process. The author believed then that schools should…

  5. Judging Criteria for Intercollegiate Limited Preparation Speaking Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, C. Thomas, Jr.

    To gain insight into whether debate judges actually do treat impromptu speaking as miniextemporaneous speaking, a study compared the comments judges wrote to extemporaneous speakers with those they wrote to impromptu speakers during the first two rounds of a forensic tournament. Approximately 1,000 comments from 152 ballots (102 impromptu and 50…

  6. ProofJudge: Automated Proof Judging Tool for Learning Mathematical Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    pen and paper because no adequate tool was available. The learning problem is how to make abstract concepts of logic as concrete as possible. ProofJudge is a computer system and teaching approach for teaching mathematical logic and automated reasoning which augments the e-learning tool NaDeA (Natural......Today we have software in many artefacts, from medical devices to cars and airplanes, and the software must not only be efficient and intelligent but also reliable and secure. Tests can show the presence of bugs but cannot guarantee their absence. A machine-checked proof using mathematical logic...

  7. ProofJudge: Automated Proof Judging Tool for Learning Mathematical Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen

    2016-01-01

    using pen and paper because no adequate tool was available. The learning problem is how to make abstract concepts of logic as concrete as possible. ProofJudge is a computer system and teaching approach for teaching mathematical logic and automated reasoning which augments the e-learning tool Na......Today we have software in many artefacts, from medical devices to cars and airplanes, and the software must not only be efficient and intelligent but also reliable and secure. Tests can show the presence of bugs but cannot guarantee their absence. A machine-checked proof using mathematical logic...

  8. Modeling the Daly Gap: The Influence of Latent Heat Production in Controlling Magma Extraction and Eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, B. K.; Ghiorso, M. S.; Bachmann, O.; Dufek, J.

    2011-12-01

    A century-old issue in volcanology is the origin of the gap in chemical compositions observed in magmatic series on ocean islands and arcs - the "Daly Gap". If the gap forms during differentiation from a mafic parent, models that predict the dynamics of magma extraction as a function of chemical composition must simulate a process that results in volumetrically biased, bimodal compositions of erupted magmas. The probability of magma extraction is controlled by magma dynamical processes, which have a complex response to magmatic heat evolution. Heat loss from the magmatic system is far from a simple, monotonic function of time. It is modified by the crystallization sequence, chamber margin heat flux, and is buffered by latent heat production. We use chemical and thermal calculations of MELTS (Ghiorso & Sack, 1995) as input to the physical model of QUANTUM (Dufek & Bachmann, 2010) to predict crystallinity windows of most probable magma extraction. We modeled two case studies: volcanism on Tenerife, Canary Islands, and the Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) of Campi Flegrei, Italy. Both preserve a basanitic to phonolitic lineage and have comparable total alkali concentrations; however, CI has high and Tenerife has low K2O/Na2O. Modeled thermal histories of differentiation for the two sequences contrast strongly. In Tenerife, the rate of latent heat production is almost always greater than sensible heat production, with spikes in the ratio of latent to sensible heats of up to 40 associated with the appearance of Fe-Ti oxides at near 50% crystallization. This punctuated heat production must cause magma temperature change to stall or slow in time. The extended time spent at ≈50% crystallinity, associated with dynamical processes that enhance melt extraction near 50% crystallinity, suggests the magma composition at this interval should be common. In Tenerife, the modeled composition coincides with that of the first peak in the bimodal frequency-composition distribution. In our

  9. Distributed Online Judge System for Interactive Theorem Provers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuno, Takahisa; Nishizaki, Shin-ya

    2014-03-01

    In this paper, we propose a new software design of an online judge system for interactive theorem proving. The distinctive feature of this architecture is that our online judge system is distributed on the network and especially involves volunteer computing. In volunteers' computers, network bots (software robots) are executed and donate computational resources to the central host of the online judge system. Our proposed design improves fault tolerance and security. We gave an implementation to two different styles of interactive theorem prover, Coq and ACL2, and evaluated our proposed architecture. From the experiment on the implementation, we concluded that our architecture is efficient enough to be used practically.

  10. Distributed Online Judge System for Interactive Theorem Provers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mizuno Takahisa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new software design of an online judge system for interactive theorem proving. The distinctive feature of this architecture is that our online judge system is distributed on the network and especially involves volunteer computing. In volunteers’ computers, network bots (software robots are executed and donate computational resources to the central host of the online judge system. Our proposed design improves fault tolerance and security. We gave an implementation to two different styles of interactive theorem prover, Coq and ACL2, and evaluated our proposed architecture. From the experiment on the implementation, we concluded that our architecture is efficient enough to be used practically.

  11. National disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 257 diseases and injuries in Ethiopia, 1990-2015: findings from the global burden of disease study 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misganaw, Awoke; Melaku, Yohannes Adama; Tessema, Gizachew Assefa; Deribew, Amare; Deribe, Kebede; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Dessalegn, Muluken; Lakew, Yihunie; Bekele, Tolesa; Haregu, Tilahun N; Amare, Azmeraw T; Gedefaw, Molla; Mohammed, Mesoud; Yirsaw, Biruck Desalegn; Damtew, Solomon Abrha; Achoki, Tom; Blore, Jed; Krohn, Kristopher J; Assefa, Yibeltal; Kifle, Mahlet; Naghavi, Mohsen

    2017-01-01

    Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year. We calculated DALYs by summing years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs) for each age group and sex. Causes of death by age, sex, and year were measured mainly using Causes of Death Ensemble modeling. To estimate YLDs, a Bayesian meta-regression method was used. We reported DALY rates per 100,000 for communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional (CMNN) disorders, non-communicable diseases, and injuries, with 95% uncertainty intervals (UI) for Ethiopia. Non-communicable diseases caused 23,118.1 (95% UI, 17,124.4-30,579.6), CMNN disorders resulted in 20,200.7 (95% UI, 16,532.2-24,917.9), and injuries caused 3781 (95% UI, 2642.9-5500.6) age-standardized DALYs per 100,000 in Ethiopia in 2015. Lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, and tuberculosis were the top three leading causes of DALYs in 2015, accounting for 2998 (95% UI, 2173.7-4029), 2592.5 (95% UI, 1850.7-3495.1), and 2562.9 (95% UI, 1466.1-4220.7) DALYs per 100,000, respectively. Ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease were the fourth and fifth leading causes of age-standardized DALYs, with rates of 2535.7 (95% UI, 1603.7-3843.2) and 2159.9 (95% UI, 1369.7-3216.3) per 100,000, respectively. The following causes showed a reduction of 60% or more over the last 25 years: lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis, neonatal encephalopathy

  12. Judging the morality of utilitarian actions: How poor utilitarian accessibility makes judges irrational.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusev, Petko; van Schaik, Paul; Alzahrani, Shrooq; Lonigro, Samantha; Purser, Harry

    2016-12-01

    Is it acceptable and moral to sacrifice a few people's lives to save many others? Research on moral dilemmas in psychology, experimental philosophy, and neuropsychology has shown that respondents judge utilitarian personal moral actions (footbridge dilemma) as less appropriate than equivalent utilitarian impersonal moral actions (trolley dilemma). Accordingly, theorists (e.g., Greene et al., 2001) have argued that judgments of appropriateness in personal moral dilemmas are more emotionally salient and cognitively demanding (taking more time to be rational) than impersonal moral dilemmas. Our novel findings show an effect of psychological accessibility (driven by partial contextual information; Kahneman, 2003) on utilitarian moral behavior and response time for rational choices. Enhanced accessibility of utilitarian outcomes through comprehensive information about moral actions and consequences boosted utility maximization in moral choices, with rational choices taking less time. Moreover, our result suggests that previous results indicating emotional interference, with rational choices taking more time to make, may have been artifacts of presenting partial information.

  13. Human Terrain Teams: An Enabler for Judge Advocates and Paralegals

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dan Tanabe

    2010-01-01

      [...] the Future Concepts Directorate (FCD) offers this practice note to identify and describe an additional enabler judge advocates and paralegals can leverage to accomplish their complex missions when deployed...

  14. How to Work with Honest but Curious Judges? (Preliminary Report)

    CERN Document Server

    Pang, Jun; 10.4204/EPTCS.7.3

    2009-01-01

    The three-judges protocol, recently advocated by Mclver and Morgan as an example of stepwise refinement of security protocols, studies how to securely compute the majority function to reach a final verdict without revealing each individual judge's decision. We extend their protocol in two different ways for an arbitrary number of 2n+1 judges. The first generalisation is inherently centralised, in the sense that it requires a judge as a leader who collects information from others, computes the majority function, and announces the final result. A different approach can be obtained by slightly modifying the well-known dining cryptographers protocol, however it reveals the number of votes rather than the final verdict. We define a notion of conditional anonymity in order to analyse these two solutions. Both of them have been checked in the model checker MCMAS.

  15. 29 CFR 2704.307 - Decision of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the position of the Secretary was substantially justified; if at issue, the judge shall also make... otherwise acted in bad faith or whether special circumstances make the award unjust. Under either...

  16. Harmless error analysis: How do judges respond to confession errors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, D Brian; Kassin, Saul M

    2012-04-01

    In Arizona v. Fulminante (1991), the U.S. Supreme Court opened the door for appellate judges to conduct a harmless error analysis of erroneously admitted, coerced confessions. In this study, 132 judges from three states read a murder case summary, evaluated the defendant's guilt, assessed the voluntariness of his confession, and responded to implicit and explicit measures of harmless error. Results indicated that judges found a high-pressure confession to be coerced and hence improperly admitted into evidence. As in studies with mock jurors, however, the improper confession significantly increased their conviction rate in the absence of other evidence. On the harmless error measures, judges successfully overruled the confession when required to do so, indicating that they are capable of this analysis.

  17. Judging the Capability of Search Engines and Search Terms

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anna Kaushik

    2012-01-01

    .... The present study aims to judge the capability of five selected search engines and search terms on the basis of first ten results and to identify most appropriate search term and search engine...

  18. Feasibility of a daly of no more than 10-4 per person per year for water reuse in agriculture, in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanildo Hespanhol

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available DALYs are a measure of the health of a population or burden of disease due to a specific disease or risk factor. It evaluates the time lost because of disability or death from diseases compared with a long life free of disability in the absence of disease. DALYs are calculated as the sum of years of life lost by premature mortality (YLL and years of healthy life lost in states of less than fully health, i.e., years lived with a disability (YDL, which are standardized by means of severity weights, thus: DALY=YLL+YLD. WHO has established for wastewater use in irrigation the same reference level of health protection as established for drinking water quality, i.e., the additional burden of disease from consuming water irrigated food should not exceed 10-6 DALY (Disability-Adjusted Life Years loss per person per year (pppy. Such a restrictive risk is almost impossible to be attained in most developing countries which may not be able to afford the cost of wastewater treatment and of other protective measures, even for restrict irrigation. This paper analyses which protective measures are able to be implemented in developing countries and proposes a tolerable disease burden of no more than 10-4 DALY per person per year. In order to evaluate this proposal it is mandatory to adopt a methodology of cost/benefit, through the development of epidemiologic studies and the identification of local characteristics and constraints, particularly the ones related to public health, technical, socio economical and environmental conditions.

  19. New Criteria for Judging Generalized Strictly Diagonally Dominant Matrix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jin-song

    2015-01-01

    Generalized strictly diagonally dominant matrices play a wide and important role in computational mathematics, mathematical physics, theory of dynamical systems, etc. But it is difficult to judge a matrix is or not generalized strictly diagonally dominant matrix. In this paper, by using the properties of α-chain diagonally dominant matrix, we obtain new criteria for judging generalized strictly diagonally dominant matrix, which enlarge the identification range.

  20. Towards a More Responsive Judge: Challenges and Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machteld W. de Hoon

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the changes that have taken place in the attitude of judges towards their role and tasks as well as actual judicial practices. The result of this exploration is a reflection upon the challenges and opportunities for a new, more responsive judge. The main characteristic of this new judge is that he or she looks beyond the purely legal coordinates of the dispute, in order to discuss which method of dispute resolution (a settlement, a referral to mediation or a court decision is most likely to result in a viable and sustainable solution. These changes in attitude are part of broader developments that have taken place in actual judicial practices. The context in which these changes have occurred helps us to gain a better understanding of the changes, the barriers to change and the opportunities to overcome these challenges. The leading assumption in this research is that during the past ten years there has been an extensive change in the way judges think about their role in dispute resolution and at the same time many judges experience difficulties in applying their new-found understanding to their work in the courts. Our data have been gathered through court observations, interviews and expert meetings. In addition, our analyses are based on relevant literature in the field of judicial dispute resolution (JDR as well as insights from our own previous research projects. We primarily focus on civil and administrative disputes in the Netherlands. Occasionally, we also point to trends and challenges elsewhere.

  1. Judges Awareness, Understanding, and Application of Digital Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary C Kessler

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available As digital evidence grows in both volume and importance in criminal and civil courts, judges need to fairly and justly evaluate the merits of the offered evidence. To do so, judges need a general understanding of the underlying technologies and applications from which digital evidence is derived. Due to the relative newness of the computer forensics field, there have been few studies on the use of digital forensic evidence and none about judges’ relationship with digital evidence.This paper describes a recent study, using grounded theory methods, into judges’ awareness, knowledge, and perceptions of digital evidence. This study is the first in the U.S. to examine judges and digital forensics, thus opening up a new avenue of research. It is the second time that grounded theory has been employed in a published digital forensics study, demonstrating the applicability of that methodology to this discipline.

  2. A judging principle of crucial vibrational transmission paths in plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bin; Li, Dong-Xu; Jiang, Jian-Ping; Liao, Yi-Huan

    2016-10-01

    This paper developed a judging principle of crucial vibrational transmission path (VTP) in plates. Novel generalized definitions of VTPs are given referred to the meaning of streamlines. And by comparing governing equations, the similarity between energy flow and fluid motion is firstly found so that an analytic method of VTPs in plates is proposed by analogy with fluid motion. Hereafter, the crucial VTP is defined for energy flows at objective points and relative judging criteria is given. Finally, based on two numerical experiments of passive control, the judging principle is indirectly verified by comparing the reduction effects of energy flows at focused points and relative judgment results of crucial VTPs. This paper is meaningful for analyzing and applying the VTPs in plates to guide the control design in future.

  3. 清新细致的自然声音 DALI IKON MK2系列

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展超

    2010-01-01

    一向对工业设计十分注重的丹麦所设计出来的音响器材给人的感觉就是一件漂亮的工艺品,像上一期所评论的DALI FAZON/MOTIF系列卫星音箱就是好例子,它们不仅坚固结实,且工艺出色,只要看过它的人都说好。鉴于DALI音箱的高质量,我这次又对它的IKON MK 2系列进行测评。说到这个系列,它已经历过二代的演变,每一款产品都很受消费者的欢迎。其原因是价格适中,声音水准佳。当然更少不了精湛的工艺以及清新时尚的造型,这使得它能在影音市场上大放异彩。

  4. 29 CFR 801.67 - Decision and Order of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision and Order of Administrative Law Judge. 801.67... Procedures Before Administrative Law Judge § 801.67 Decision and Order of Administrative Law Judge. (a) The Administrative Law Judge shall prepare, as promptly as practicable after the expiration of the time set...

  5. Judging Amy: Automated legal assessment using OWL 2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Ven, S.; Hoekstra, R.; Breuker, J.; Wortel, L.; El-Ali, A.

    2008-01-01

    One of the most salient tasks in law is legal assessment, and concerns the problem of determining whether some case is allowed or disallowed given an appropriate body of legal norms. In this paper we describe a system and Protégé 4 plugin, called OWL Judge, that uses standard OWL 2 DL reasoning for

  6. Bias on the Bench: Sex, Judges, and Mock Trial Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noblitt, Lynnette S.; Zeigler, Sara L.; Westbrook, Miranda N.

    2011-01-01

    Given substantial evidence of sex discrimination in the legal profession and the role of attorneys and judges in perpetuating gender stereotypes, educators have an obligation to prepare female students for the challenges they will face, educate students of both sexes about the role of bias in litigation, and seek to mitigate the influence of…

  7. The judge on Facebook; neglecting a persistent ritual?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Hoven, P.J.

    2015-01-01

    In many social realms, social media are employed by institutions to establish direct relations between their representatives and their clients or customers. In this article I explain why the civil law judge cannot be expected to begin using social networking sites to advance the transparency of the

  8. 8 CFR 1240.50 - Decision of the immigration judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Decision of the immigration judge. 1240.50 Section 1240.50 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Proceedings...

  9. 8 CFR 1240.31 - Authority of immigration judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of immigration judges. 1240.31 Section 1240.31 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Exclusion...

  10. 8 CFR 1240.12 - Decision of the immigration judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Decision of the immigration judge. 1240.12 Section 1240.12 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REMOVABILITY OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES...

  11. 8 CFR 1235.6 - Referral to immigration judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Referral to immigration judge. 1235.6 Section 1235.6 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS INSPECTION OF PERSONS APPLYING FOR ADMISSION § 1235.6 Referral to immigration...

  12. The judge on Facebook; neglecting a persistent ritual?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Hoven, P.J.

    In many social realms, social media are employed by institutions to establish direct relations between their representatives and their clients or customers. In this article I explain why the civil law judge cannot be expected to begin using social networking sites to advance the transparency of the

  13. Mephisto vor den Richtern – Mephisto before the judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Czarnikow Marie

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Mephisto before the judges: The Mephisto trials – how the reader was discovered, and then denied any decision‐making capacity Mephisto vor den Richtern – Von der Entdeckung zur Entmündigung des Lesers in den Mephisto‐Prozessen

  14. Integrating an Automatic Judge into an Open Source LMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgouli, Katerina; Guerreiro, Pedro

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the successful integration of the evaluation engine of Mooshak into the open source learning management system Claroline. Mooshak is an open source online automatic judge that has been used for international and national programming competitions. although it was originally designed for programming competitions, Mooshak has also…

  15. Conceptions of Creativity and Relations with Judges' Intelligence and Personality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storme, Martin; Lubart, Todd

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to describe naive conceptions of creativity and offer some explanation for their variability. Two methods are used to analyze conceptions of creativity. The first one consists of analyzing adjectives that are associated by naive judges with the notion of creativity of an advertisement. The second one consists of predicting…

  16. Multicultural conflicts and national judges: A general approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. Hoekema

    2008-01-01

    This article queries what judges and legal actors in general do as a matter of fact in multicultural conflicts brought before them. When, to what extent and why do they take minority legal sensibilities into account? Portraying the present living together of "communities" with different world views,

  17. OJPOT: Online Judge & Practice Oriented Teaching Idea in Programming Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Gui Ping; Chen, Shu Yu; Yang, Xin; Feng, Rui

    2016-01-01

    Practical abilities are important for students from majors including Computer Science and Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. Along with the popularity of ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest (ACM/ICPC) and other programming contests, online judge (OJ) websites achieve rapid development, thus providing a new kind of programming…

  18. 7 CFR 900.60 - Oral hearings before judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Practice Governing Proceedings on Petitions To Modify or To Be Exempted From Marketing Orders § 900.60 Oral... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... proceeding is guilty of unethical or unprofessional conduct, the judge may order that such person be...

  19. The research on electrical promontory stimulation in treating severe disabling tinnitus: 12 case reports%鼓岬电刺激治疗重度耳鸣的研究(附12例报告)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艺; 李明; 张剑宁

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the the efficacy and feasibility of electrical promontory stimulation in treating severe disabling tinnitus. Method;Treated 12 cases of severe disabling tinnitus with EPS, and evaluated the alterations of tinnitus severity scale before and after the treatment. Result:The effect on tinnitus was assessed during and immediately after the stimulation by tinnitus severity scores. Immediately after EPS. 5 patients reported complete suppression,the duration of persistence time were 10 s~20 h,and 5 reported attenuation of tinnitus, the lasting time were 2~24 h. 2 patients said it was unchanged. After 3 days, the tinnitus severity scores remained unchanged in all these patients. Conclusion: In our opinion EPS could be a effective method for suppressing and alleviating tinnitus , but poor results in patients with longterm effects and compliance. It is not suggested that EPS could be a routine method of treatment for tinnitus.%目的:评价鼓岬电刺激(EPS)治疗重度耳鸣的可行性及疗效.方法:对12例重度耳鸣患者进行EPS治疗,比较EPS治疗前后耳鸣严重程度量表评分的变化情况.结果:12例患者EPS治疗后,5例耳鸣消失,消失持续时间10 s~20 h;5例患者仅耳鸣响度减轻,减轻持续时间2~24 h;2例耳鸣无改变.3d后再次评价耳鸣严重程度,同治疗前相比,无明显改变.结论:EPS能有效抑制和消除耳鸣,但远期疗效及患者依从性不佳,不推荐在临床上常规采用.

  20. Civil Justice: Lay Judges in the EU Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Machura

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Lay judges fulfill important functions for the justice system of a country. In the European Union member states, scholars have analysed the use of lay judges in criminal cases. However, little is known about lay participation in civil justice. The paper introduces commonly cited reasons to have lay judges as well as the principal forms of lay participation and then surveys the EU countries for its implementation in civil cases. Mixed tribunals, involving lay judges under the leadership of a professional judge, are relatively frequent. Several countries have special labour courts or commercial courts with lay members and others have single lay judges, or all-lay judge panels. Roughly a third of the 28 EU member states have no lay participation in civil justice but only three of those have no lay judges in any branch of the courts. Almost all the reasons for including lay decision makers are served somehow by the existing forms, including providing different experiences and perhaps expert knowledge. The article concludes, citing non-EU states and lay participation in criminal and administrative courts as further evidence, that lay judges in one form or another are an element of European legal systems. Los jueces legos cumplen funciones importantes para el sistema de justicia de un país. En los Estados miembro de la Unión Europea, académicos han analizado el uso de jueces legos en casos criminales. Sin embargo, se sabe poco acerca de la participación de los legos en la justicia civil. El artículo presenta las razones que habitualmente se citan para tener jueces legos, así como las formas principales de la participación de legos, para a continuación medir su implementación en casos civiles en los países de la Unión Europea. Son relativamente frecuentes los tribunales mixtos, en los que participan jueces legos, bajo la dirección de un juez profesional. Varios países tienen tribunales laborales especiales o tribunales comerciales con

  1. OJPOT: online judge & practice oriented teaching idea in programming courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Gui Ping; Chen, Shu Yu; Yang, Xin; Feng, Rui

    2016-05-01

    Practical abilities are important for students from majors including Computer Science and Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. Along with the popularity of ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest (ACM/ICPC) and other programming contests, online judge (OJ) websites achieve rapid development, thus providing a new kind of programming practice, i.e. online practice. Due to fair and timely feedback results from OJ websites, online practice outperforms traditional programming practice. In order to promote students' practical abilities in programming and algorithm designing, this article presents a novel teaching idea, online judge & practice oriented teaching (OJPOT). OJPOT is applied to Programming Foundation course. OJPOT cultivates students' practical abilities through various kinds of programming practice, such as programming contests, online practice and course project. To verify the effectiveness of this novel teaching idea, this study conducts empirical research. The experimental results show that OJPOT works effectively in enhancing students' practical abilities compared with the traditional teaching idea.

  2. Design and implementation of online automatic judging system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Haohui; Chen, Chaojie; Zhong, Xiuyu; Chen, Yuefeng

    2017-06-01

    For lower efficiency and poorer reliability in programming training and competition by currently artificial judgment, design an Online Automatic Judging (referred to as OAJ) System. The OAJ system including the sandbox judging side and Web side, realizes functions of automatically compiling and running the tested codes, and generating evaluation scores and corresponding reports. To prevent malicious codes from damaging system, the OAJ system utilizes sandbox, ensuring the safety of the system. The OAJ system uses thread pools to achieve parallel test, and adopt database optimization mechanism, such as horizontal split table, to improve the system performance and resources utilization rate. The test results show that the system has high performance, high reliability, high stability and excellent extensibility.

  3. Judge upholds jury award over employer's HIV disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-30

    A Federal judge has refused to overturn or reduce a jury's $125,000 award to a Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) employee who said his privacy was invaded when his superiors learned he was taking an AIDS medication. The employee, known as John Doe, charged that Judith Pierce, the chief administrative officer of SEPTA, looked at the records of the agency's prescription drug plan to confirm her suspicions that he had HIV. Pierce, who claimed drug report review was part of her job in controlling costs, contended that she wanted to make sure the plan's new administrator, Rite-Aid Corp., was charging the right prices for prescriptions. The judge agreed with the jury that Pierce went far beyond her role as auditor of the drug plan when she asked Rite-Aid to link individuals' names to specific prescriptions and then informed Doe's supervisor, associate, and another employee about Doe's AIDS medication.

  4. Layman versus Professional Musician: Who Makes the Better Judge?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrouy-Maestri, Pauline; Magis, David; Grabenhorst, Matthias; Morsomme, Dominique

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of casting shows and talent contests in the media over the past years suggests a public interest in rating the quality of vocal performances. In many of these formats, laymen alongside music experts act as judges. Whereas experts' judgments are considered objective and reliable when it comes to evaluating singing voice, little is known about laymen's ability to evaluate peers. On the one hand, layman listeners-who by definition did not have any formal training or regular musical practice-are known to have internalized the musical rules on which singing accuracy is based. On the other hand, layman listeners' judgment of their own vocal skills is highly inaccurate. Also, when compared with that of music experts, their level of competence in pitch perception has proven limited. The present study investigates laypersons' ability to objectively evaluate melodies performed by untrained singers. For this purpose, laymen listeners were asked to judge sung melodies. The results were compared with those of music experts who had performed the same task in a previous study. Interestingly, the findings show a high objectivity and reliability in layman listeners. Whereas both the laymen's and experts' definition of pitch accuracy overlap, differences regarding the musical criteria employed in the rating task were evident. The findings suggest that the effect of expertise is circumscribed and limited and supports the view that laypersons make trustworthy judges when evaluating the pitch accuracy of untrained singers.

  5. Layman versus Professional Musician: Who Makes the Better Judge?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Larrouy-Maestri

    Full Text Available The increasing number of casting shows and talent contests in the media over the past years suggests a public interest in rating the quality of vocal performances. In many of these formats, laymen alongside music experts act as judges. Whereas experts' judgments are considered objective and reliable when it comes to evaluating singing voice, little is known about laymen's ability to evaluate peers. On the one hand, layman listeners-who by definition did not have any formal training or regular musical practice-are known to have internalized the musical rules on which singing accuracy is based. On the other hand, layman listeners' judgment of their own vocal skills is highly inaccurate. Also, when compared with that of music experts, their level of competence in pitch perception has proven limited. The present study investigates laypersons' ability to objectively evaluate melodies performed by untrained singers. For this purpose, laymen listeners were asked to judge sung melodies. The results were compared with those of music experts who had performed the same task in a previous study. Interestingly, the findings show a high objectivity and reliability in layman listeners. Whereas both the laymen's and experts' definition of pitch accuracy overlap, differences regarding the musical criteria employed in the rating task were evident. The findings suggest that the effect of expertise is circumscribed and limited and supports the view that laypersons make trustworthy judges when evaluating the pitch accuracy of untrained singers.

  6. Grounds for the Specialization of Courts and Judges in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Terekhova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article touches upon the different ways of specialization of courts and judges that exist under the legislation of the Russian Federation. The lack of a unified and circumspect approach is noted. The formation of specialized courts, according to the national legislation, takes the form of their establishing within the existing subsystems of regular and arbitration courts. As for the specialization of judges, it is more diversified and is presented by either creation of separate types of procedure (special proceedings, proceedings on cases arising from public relations and some other, or by introduction of special rules on jurisdiction that establish competence of specific courts to consider cases of a particular category: on the compensation for the excessive time taken to consider a case, on the adoption of a child by a foreign national and others.An analysis of existing literature on the issue in question shows that Russian scholars support the idea of judges’ specialization. Against specialization of courts the following arguments are brought: significant material costs, not being in accordance with the small number of cases decided by specialized courts; problems with access to justice; and the necessity to give special training to narrowly specialized judges.

  7. Judging strangers’ trustworthiness is associated with theory of mind skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie ePrevost

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Trusting people requires evaluating them to assess their trustworthiness. Evaluating a stranger’s intentions is likely to be one method of assessing trustworthiness. The present study tested the hypothesis that judgments of trustworthiness are associated with mindreading skills, also called theory of mind (ToM. We tested a group of healthy participants and a group of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Both groups made theory of mind judgments and judged the trustworthiness of strangers. Participants were also assessed for their disposition to trust as well as levels of paranoid belief. As anticipated, healthy participants had normal ToM scores and patients with paranoid schizophrenia had poor ToM scores. In paranoid patients, better ability to read others' minds tended to be associated with judging others as more trustworthy, while the reverse was found in the healthy participants (better mind reading was associated with judging others as less trustworthy, suggesting a non-linear relationship between trust in others and being able to read their intentions.

  8. Judging Strangers’ Trustworthiness is Associated with Theory of Mind Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevost, Marie; Brodeur, Mathieu; Onishi, Kristine H.; Lepage, Martin; Gold, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Trusting people requires evaluating them to assess their trustworthiness. Evaluating a stranger’s intentions is likely to be one method of assessing trustworthiness. The present study tested the hypothesis that judgments of trustworthiness are associated with mind reading skills, also called theory of mind (ToM). We tested a group of healthy participants and a group of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Both groups made ToM judgments and judged the trustworthiness of strangers. Participants were also assessed for their disposition to trust as well as levels of paranoid belief. As anticipated, healthy participants had a normal ToM scores and patients with paranoid schizophrenia had poor ToM scores. In paranoid patients, better ability to read others’ minds was associated with judging others as more trustworthy, while the reverse was found in the healthy participants (better mind reading was associated with judging others as less trustworthy), suggesting a non-linear relationship between trust in others and being able to read their intentions. PMID:25941495

  9. Judging Strangers' Trustworthiness is Associated with Theory of Mind Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevost, Marie; Brodeur, Mathieu; Onishi, Kristine H; Lepage, Martin; Gold, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Trusting people requires evaluating them to assess their trustworthiness. Evaluating a stranger's intentions is likely to be one method of assessing trustworthiness. The present study tested the hypothesis that judgments of trustworthiness are associated with mind reading skills, also called theory of mind (ToM). We tested a group of healthy participants and a group of patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Both groups made ToM judgments and judged the trustworthiness of strangers. Participants were also assessed for their disposition to trust as well as levels of paranoid belief. As anticipated, healthy participants had a normal ToM scores and patients with paranoid schizophrenia had poor ToM scores. In paranoid patients, better ability to read others' minds was associated with judging others as more trustworthy, while the reverse was found in the healthy participants (better mind reading was associated with judging others as less trustworthy), suggesting a non-linear relationship between trust in others and being able to read their intentions.

  10. Structure of Palaeogene sediments in east Ellesmere Island: Constraints on Eurekan tectonic evolution and implications for the Nares Strait problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saalmann, K.; Tessensohn, F.; Piepjohn, K.; von Gosen, W.; Mayr, U.

    2005-08-01

    The "Nares Strait problem" represents a debate about the existence and magnitude of left-lateral movements along the proposed Wegener Fault within this seaway. Study of Palaeogene Eurekan tectonics at its shorelines could shed light on the kinematics of this fault. Palaeogene (Late Paleocene to Early Eocene) sediments are exposed at the northeastern coast of Ellesmere Island in the Judge Daly Promontory. They are preserved as elongate SW-NE striking fault-bounded basins cutting folded Early Paleozoic strata. The structures of the Palaeogene exposures are characterized by broad open synclines cut and displaced by steeply dipping strike-slip faults. Their fold axes strike NE-SW at an acute angle to the border faults indicating left-lateral transpression. Weak deformation in the interior of the outliers contrasts with intense shearing and fracturing adjacent to border faults. The degree of deformation of the Palaeogene strata varies markedly between the northwestern and southeastern border faults with the first being more intense. Structural geometry, orientation of subordinate folds and faults, the kinematics of faults, and fault-slip data suggest a multiple stage structural evolution during the Palaeogene Eurekan deformation: (1) The fault pattern on Judge Daly Promontory is result of left-lateral strike-slip faulting starting in Mid to Late Paleocene times. The Palaeogene Judge Daly basin formed in transtensional segments by pull-apart mechanism. Transpression during progressive strike-slip shearing gave rise to open folding of the Palaeogene deposits. (2) The faults were reactivated during SE-directed thrust tectonics in Mid Eocene times (chron 21). A strike-slip component during thrusting on the reactivated faults depends on the steepness of the fault segments and on their obliquity to the regional stress axes. Strike-slip displacement was partitioned to a number of sub-parallel faults on-shore and off-shore. Hence, large-scale lateral movements in the sum of 80

  11. 大理州小春马铃薯品种比较试验%Comparative Trial of Early Spring Potato Varieties in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢春霞; 杨雄; 尹明芳; 刘国扬; 冯丽萍; 陶彩丽

    2015-01-01

    为了筛选出适宜于大理州小春种植的优良、专用马铃薯新品种,对大理州农业科学推广研究院粮食作物研究所新选育出的6个马铃薯新品系及2个从荷兰引入的马铃薯品系进行了品种比较试验。结果表明:‘F3.12.2’、‘0011’、‘0015’和‘0031’4个品系的综合评价较高,具有产量高、商品薯率高、品质好、抗早疫病、抗晚疫病、抗病毒病、生育期短等优点,可进行进一步的评价、示范。%A comparative trail of six new potato lines developed recently in the Institute of Food Crops of Dali Academy of Agricultural Sciences and two potato lines introduced from Hol and was conducted in Dali in order to select new special potato varieties with high-quality, high-yield and high-resistance suitable for early spring planting in Dali. The lines, 'F3.12.2', '0011', '0015' and '0031', performed wel in the comprehensive evaluation which had high-yielding, high-marketable tuber percentage, high-quality, strong early blight resistance, strong late blight resistance, high-resistance to viral disease, and short-growth duration. In the next step, these four lines could be used for further evaluation and demonstration.

  12. GAO's Family in Dali Kingdom and Shuimu Mountain's Buddhism%大理国高氏家族和水目山佛教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂葛明; 魏玉凡

    2015-01-01

    GAO was the family name of an old prominent family in the history of Dali Kingdom. The power of GAO's family could influence all over the eight prefectures and four counties of Dali Kingdom. GAO's family devoted to developing the local Buddhism, and the head of GAO's family, as the abbot, took charge of the famous temples in Shuimu Mountain—a famous Buddhism mountain in Dali. After the study of archives of GAO's family, as well as the stone inscriptions and other historical documents in Shuimu Mountain, it can be concluded that the source of Shuimu Mountain's Buddhism came from the two branches of Exotoric and Tantric Buddhism of Chongsheng Temple. This paper mainly discusses the special role which GAO's family had played in the inheriting system of the Shuimu Mountain Buddhism, and the importance of Shuimu Mountain's Buddhism to GAO's family.%大理国的高氏家族是当时的名门望族,势力范围遍及大理八府四郡。高氏不仅作为护法公积极发展地方佛教,更作为住持执掌大理佛教名山水目山。通过对高氏家族及水目山碑刻、史料的研究,发现水目山师承崇圣寺并修习显密二法,探讨高氏家族在水目山传承体系中的特殊地位,分析水目山对高氏的重要性。

  13. 大理学院校园内蚊类的组成及分布%The Composition and Distribution of Mosquitoes in Dali University Campus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成晃; 赵丽琼; 辛艳江; 黄晓涛; 邱文君; 高春燕

    2013-01-01

    目的:调查和了解大理学院校园内蚊类的组成及分布,为大理州蚊类研究及蚊媒疾病的防控提供流行病学依据。方法:以大理学院古城和下关校区校园为调查点,选择校园内蚊虫孳生地和人群密集区为采样点,采用紫外灯诱捕法对夜间活动的成蚊进行通宵取样,对所捕成蚊进行分类、计数和统计分析。结果:共捕获成蚊619只,隶属2属11种。其中,库蚊属Culex 7种,按蚊属Anopheles 4种。捕获成蚊中以致倦库蚊Cx. qsuinqueascitus为优势蚊种(占捕蚊总数的87.72%),以三带喙库蚊Cx. tritaeniorhynchus为较常见蚊种,其他蚊类数量均较少。结论:致倦库蚊为大理学院校园内的优势蚊种。%Objective:To investigate the composition and distribution of mosquitoes in the Dali University campus and provide epide-miological evidence for the mosquitoes research and the prevention and control of mosquito-borne diseases in Dali state. Methods:The survey was conducted in both Gucheng campus and Xiaguan campus of the Dali University. The mosquitoes were collected at breeding place for mosquitoes and dense population areas. The UV light-traps were used to capture nocturnally active adult mosquitoes overnight. The collected insects were classified, counted and statistically analyzed. Results:619 mosquitoes were collected and identi-fied as 11 species of 2 genera. The two genera were Culex (7 species) and Anopheles (4 species), respectively. Among them, Cx. qsuin-queascitus was the dominant species (87.72%), and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was common species and the other species were relatively few-er. Conclusion:Cx. qsuinqueascitus is the dominant species in the Dali University campus.

  14. 29 CFR 1981.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... person's former position, together with the compensation (including back pay), terms, conditions, and... law judge determines that a complaint was frivolous or was brought in bad faith, the judge may...

  15. 43 CFR 4.433 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge... Appeals Involving Questions of Fact § 4.433 Authority of the administrative law judge. The administrative law judge is vested with general authority to conduct the hearing in an orderly and judicial...

  16. 12 CFR 509.5 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge. 509... Authority of the administrative law judge. (a) General rule. All proceedings governed by this part shall be... administrative law judge shall have all powers necessary to conduct a proceeding in a fair and impartial...

  17. 12 CFR 263.5 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge. 263... Authority of the administrative law judge. (a) General rule. All proceedings governed by this part shall be... administrative law judge shall have all powers necessary to conduct a proceeding in a fair and impartial...

  18. 14 CFR 385.10 - Authority of Chief Administrative Law Judge, Office of Hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of Chief Administrative Law Judge... Assignment of Functions to Staff Members § 385.10 Authority of Chief Administrative Law Judge, Office of Hearings. The Chief Administrative Law Judge has authority to: (a) Consolidate, upon recommendation of...

  19. 14 CFR 385.11 - Authority of the Administrative Law Judges, Office of Hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the Administrative Law Judges... Assignment of Functions to Staff Members § 385.11 Authority of the Administrative Law Judges, Office of Hearings. The Administrative Law Judges, Office of Hearings, have authority to take the following...

  20. 12 CFR 19.5 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge. 19.5... AND PROCEDURE Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 19.5 Authority of the administrative law judge... provisions of chapter 5 of title 5 of the United States Code. The administrative law judge shall have...

  1. 43 CFR 4.452-4 - Authority of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of administrative law judge. 4... Appeals Involving Questions of Fact § 4.452-4 Authority of administrative law judge. The administrative law judge is vested with general authority to conduct the hearing in an orderly and judicial...

  2. 41 CFR 60-30.14 - Designation of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Administrative Law Judges. 60-30.14 Section 60-30.14 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions... EXECUTIVE ORDER 11246 Hearings and Related Matters § 60-30.14 Designation of Administrative Law Judges. Hearings shall be held before an Administrative Law Judge of the Department of Labor who shall...

  3. 29 CFR 801.72 - Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges... Proceedings Modification Or Vacation of Decision and Order of Administrative Law Judge § 801.72 Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges. Upon receipt of the Secretary's Notice of Intent...

  4. 29 CFR 500.266 - Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges... Proceedings Modification Or Vacation of Order of Administrative Law Judge § 500.266 Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges. Upon receipt of the Secretary's Notice of Intent to Modify or...

  5. 76 FR 50769 - Submission for Review: Application for Senior Administrative Law Judge (OPM Form 1655), and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Application for Senior Administrative Law Judge (OPM Form 1655), and Geographic Preference Statement for Senior Administrative Law Judge Applicant (OPM Form 1655-A) AGENCY: U.S..., and OPM 1655-A. These forms are used by retired Administrative Law Judges seeking ] reemployment on...

  6. 8 CFR 246.4 - Immigration judge's authority; withdrawal and substitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Immigration judge's authority; withdrawal... IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS RESCISSION OF ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS § 246.4 Immigration judge's authority; withdrawal and substitution. In any proceeding conducted under this part, the immigration judge shall...

  7. 5 CFR 1201.140 - Judge; requirement for finding of good cause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cause. 1201.140 Section 1201.140 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION... Administrative Law Judges § 1201.140 Judge; requirement for finding of good cause. (a) Judge. (1) An... part. (b) Requirement for finding of good cause. A decision on a proposed agency action under...

  8. The impact of judges' perceptions of credibility in fibromyalgia claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Page, Judy A; Iverson, Grant L; Collins, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Fibromyalgia (FM) is a confusing and controversial diagnosis, characterized by widespread pain and tenderness at specific anatomical sites. The cause of this syndrome is unknown, and the course of the condition is difficult to predict. Without a known cause, predictable course, or effective treatment, it is not surprising that FM is a contentious diagnosis from a medical perspective, as well as a civil litigation and disability insurance industry perspective. The purpose of this study was to investigate judges' perceptions of credibility in litigated cases involving FM claims in the Canadian courts, and the relation between perceived credibility and awards granted. A systematic review was conducted of every trial-by-judge litigated FM claim in Canada (N=194 cases) up to 2003. The cases were examined in relation to credibility factors. The role and responsibility of the plaintiff was central in claims involving issues of misrepresentation, fraud, non-disclosure, failure to mitigate, and contributory negligence. The presence of these issues suggested a possible decrease or loss in the claim as a result of the plaintiff's conduct. In regards to the actions of defendants, the presence of investigative and surveillance information alone did not affect the awards granted. However, the credibility of that information had a large effect on the amount of award granted. Plaintiff credibility played a similar role, indicating that plaintiffs perceived as more credible were typically granted greater awards. An examination of medical expert credibility revealed that judges appear to perceive experts as more credible overall than plaintiffs, regardless of the expert's role in the case.

  9. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-16

    Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE). We used these measures to track trends and benchmark progress compared with expected trends on the basis of the Socio-demographic Index (SDI). We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive HALE and DALYs by sex for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. We calculated DALYs by summing years of life lost and years of life lived with disability for each location, age group, sex, and year. We estimated HALE using age-specific death rates and years of life lived with disability per capita. We explored how DALYs and HALE differed from expected trends when compared with the SDI: the geometric mean of income per person, educational attainment in the population older than age 15 years, and total fertility rate. The highest globally observed HALE at birth for both women and men was in Singapore, at 75·2 years (95% uncertainty interval 71·9-78·6) for females and 72·0 years (68·8-75·1) for males. The lowest for females was in the Central African Republic (45·6 years [42·0-49·5]) and for males was in Lesotho (41·5 years [39·0-44·0]). From 1990 to 2016, global HALE increased by an average of 6·24 years (5·97-6·48) for both sexes combined. Global HALE increased by 6·04 years (5·74-6·27) for males and 6·49 years (6·08-6·77) for females, whereas HALE at age 65 years increased by 1·78 years (1·61-1·93) for males and

  10. The role of the judge in a democratic society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Duquelsky Goméz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The debate on the role of judiciary in a society and the foundations of the democratic legitimacy of its power has recently acquired a singular relevance. This article aims to bring clarity to the discussion, showing how legal theories have followed a pendulum, swinging between those who think the judicial role and hermeneutical task as an intellectual activity -an act of knowledge-and those who see it as a creative activity-an act of will. Reflecting on the role of judges today raises questions about false dichotomies and encourages to collectively build a new legal and political common sense abandoning traditional legal paradigms.

  11. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard Iburg, Kim

    2017-01-01

    Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE). We used these measures to track trends and benchmark progress compared...... and territories from 1990 to 2016. We calculated DALYs by summing years of life lost and years of life lived with disability for each location, age group, sex, and year. We estimated HALE using age-specific death rates and years of life lived with disability per capita. We explored how DALYs and HALE differed...... from expected trends when compared with the SDI: the geometric mean of income per person, educational attainment in the population older than age 15 years, and total fertility rate. Findings The highest globally observed HALE at birth for both women and men was in Singapore, at 75·2 years (95...

  12. Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection among HIV-1-infected injection drug users in Dali, China: prevalence and infection status in a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yuan; Qiu, Chao; Xia, Xueshan; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Haiyan; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Xu, Jianqing

    2015-04-01

    To assess the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and to investigate their mutual influences on infection status among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-seropositive injection drug users (IDUs). A cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV infected IDUs in Dali, China. The participants were tested for serological markers of HBV and HCV infection, alanine transaminase (ALT) activity and CD4(+) T cell count. HCV genotype was determined by sequencing. Of 529 patients, 498 (94.1 %) HIV infected IDUs agreed to participate. The overall prevalence of HCV infection (anti-HCV antibody positive) and spontaneous HCV clearance were 90.8 % (452/498) and 21.5 % (97/452), respectively. Of 411 subjects who had not received HBV vaccine, 296 (72.0 %) were positive for antibody against HBV core antigen (HBcAb), while 274 (66.7 %) were positive for both HCV antibody and HBcAb. HBV antigens were detected in 52 of the HBV-infected subjects (17.6 %). HCV clearance was associated with HBV antigenemia (p = 0.0002) and higher CD4(+) T cell count (p = 0.0294). Resolved HBV infection was associated with HCV genotype 3 (p = 0.0365). HBV and HCV infection are highly prevalent and mutually influence infection status in HIV-1 infected IDUs in Dali, China.

  13. Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) for Injuries Using Death Certificates and Hospital Discharge Survey by the Korean Burden of Disease Study 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Won Kyung; Lim, Dohee; Park, Hyesook

    2016-11-01

    A system for assessing the burdens imposed by disease and injury was developed to meet healthcare, priority setting, and policy planning needs. The first such system, the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), was implemented in 1990. However, problems associated with limited data and assumed disability weightings remain to be resolved. The purpose of the present study was to estimate national burdens of injuries in Korea using more reliable data and disability weightings. The incidences of injuries were estimated using the Korean National Hospital Discharge Survey and the mortality data from the Korean National Statistical Office in 2010. Additionally, durations of injuries and age at injury onset were used to calculate disability-adjusted life years (DALY) using disability weightings derived from the Korean Burden of Disease (KBD) study. Korea had 1,581,072 DALYs resulting from injuries (3,170 per 100,000), which was 22.9% higher than found by the GBD 2010 study. Males had almost twice as heavy an injury burden as females. Road injury, fall, and self-harm ranked 1st, 2nd, and 3rd in terms of burden of injury in 2010. Total injury burden peaked in the forties, while burden per person declined gradually from early adulthood. We hope that this study contributes to the reliable evaluation of injury burden and a better understanding of injury-related health status using nation-specific, dependable data.

  14. Brazilian abortion law: the opinion of judges and prosecutors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, Graciana Alves; Osis, Maria José Duarte; Faúndes, Anibal; Sousa, Maria Helena de

    2010-06-01

    To analyze the opinion of judges and prosecutors concerning Brazilian abortion law and situations in which the abortion should be allowed. A cross-sectional study was performed with 1,493 judges and 2,614 prosecutors in Brazil between 2005 and 2006. Participants completed a structured questionnaire approaching sociodemographic characteristics, opinions about abortion law, and circumstances in which abortion is considered lawful. Bivariate and multivariate analyses of data were carried out through Poisson regression. The majority of participants (78%) found that the circumstances in which abortion is considered lawful should be broadened, or even that abortion should not be criminalized. The highest rates of pro-abortion opinions resulted from: risk to the life of the mother (84%), anencephaly (83%), severe congenital malformation of fetus (82%), and pregnancy resulting from rape (82%). Variables related to religion were strongly associated to the opinion of participants. There is a trend in considering the need of changing the current abortion law, in the sense of widening the circumstances in which abortion is considered lawful, or even toward decriminalizing abortion, regardless of the circumstances in which it takes place.

  15. Judges as Fiscal Activists: Can Constitutional Review Shape Public Finance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kantorowicz Jarosław

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The judicialization of politics, or alternatively, politization of the judiciary has been much discussed over the last twenty years. Despite this, the way judges influence fiscal policy outcomes remains, to a large extent, unexplored. This paper attempts, at least partially, to fill this research gap. A judicial (constitutional review constitutes the central element of the current analysis since it is considered as a key institutional device through which Constitutional (Supreme Courts intervene in politics, including public finance. Specifically, this paper seeks to investigate empirically whether there is any systematic pattern according to which judges executing judicial review shape fiscal outcomes. The conceptual framework is based on the strategic interaction model and the assumption that the Constitutional Courts reflect public opinion (i.e. the Court as a majoritarian institution. Some preliminary results for a panel of 24 EU countries in the period 1995–2005 suggest that a strong judicial review correlates with a smaller size of government, measured as government income to GDP.

  16. Creating EU law judges: the role of generational differences, legal education and judicial career paths in national judges' assessment regarding EU law knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaremba, Urszula; Nowak, Tobias; Mayoral, Juan

    2014-01-01

    The judicial protection system in the European Union (EU) is premised on the fact that national judges are supposed to act as decentralized EU judges. This role is exercised through tools enshrined in, inter alia, primacy, direct and indirect effect of EU law, and the preliminary ruling procedure. H

  17. Judging nursing information on the world wide web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cader, Raffik

    2013-02-01

    The World Wide Web is increasingly becoming an important source of information for healthcare professionals. However, finding reliable information from unauthoritative Web sites to inform healthcare can pose a challenge to nurses. A study, using grounded theory, was undertaken in two phases to understand how qualified nurses judge the quality of Web nursing information. Data were collected using semistructured interviews and focus groups. An explanatory framework that emerged from the data showed that the judgment process involved the application of forms of knowing and modes of cognition to a range of evaluative tasks and depended on the nurses' critical skills, the time available, and the level of Web information cues. This article mainly focuses on the six evaluative tasks relating to assessing user-friendliness, outlook and authority of Web pages, and relationship to nursing practice; appraising the nature of evidence; and applying cross-checking strategies. The implications of these findings to nurse practitioners and publishers of nursing information are significant.

  18. The Hungarian court system with special emphasis on the principle of the independence of judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heka Laslo L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The question of ensuring the independence and impartiality of judges is one of the basic principles of justice, and basic principles of state functioning in general. Successful functioning of justice and the realization of this principle is largely linked to the method of selection of judges, which is, nowdays, an important issue in the world's major legal systems. They all aim to find a solution for the selection of judges that could implement reinforcement of the principle of independence of judges and their impartial trial. Regarding this, significant differences are noticeable between countries which apply civil law and ones that judge by the principle of common law, especially bearing in mind that certain political cultures exist in which there are no limits that the court involve even an external factor to the trial verdict. In this thesis we present the Hungarian justice system and methods of selection of the judges, comparing it with the Serbian model, and then presenting solutions in English, American, German and French judiciary, trying to display current prevailing international trends in countries that apply the legal system of Common law, or in those who judge by Civil law. Finally, by the method of comparative analysis, we present our own view on this issue, being aware that the problem of selection of the judges should be cautiously regulated, given the experience of some other countries, which is especially reflected in post-communist countries in which, up to the 1990s, only one-party system existed, characterized by the fact the judges were selected by the communist Party personnel, that in former Yugoslavia used to be called 'socio-politically suitable'. Nowdays in Hungary, Serbia and many other countries, judicial councils represented by judges, prosecutors, lawyers and law professors have a central role in the selection of the judges (in Serbia there are special judge and prosecutor councils. In France, the election of

  19. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Christopher J L; Barber, Ryan M; Foreman, Kyle J; Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Ayse; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw F; Aboyans, Victor; Abraham, Jerry P; Abubakar, Ibrahim; Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M; Achoki, Tom; Ackerman, Ilana N; Ademi, Zanfina; Adou, Arsène K; Adsuar, José C; Afshin, Ashkan; Agardh, Emilie E; Alam, Sayed Saidul; Alasfoor, Deena; Albittar, Mohammed I; Alegretti, Miguel A; Alemu, Zewdie A; Alfonso-Cristancho, Rafael; Alhabib, Samia; Ali, Raghib; Alla, François; Allebeck, Peter; Almazroa, Mohammad A; Alsharif, Ubai; Alvarez, Elena; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T; Ameh, Emmanuel A; Amini, Heresh; Ammar, Walid; Anderson, H Ross; Anderson, Benjamin O; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T; Anwari, Palwasha; Arnlöv, Johan; Arsic Arsenijevic, Valentina S; Artaman, Al; Asghar, Rana J; Assadi, Reza; Atkins, Lydia S; Avila, Marco A; Awuah, Baffour; Bachman, Victoria F; Badawi, Alaa; Bahit, Maria C; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Banerjee, Amitava; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L; Barquera, Simon; Barregard, Lars; Barrero, Lope H; Basu, Arindam; Basu, Sanjay; Basulaiman, Mohammed O; Beardsley, Justin; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Bekele, Tolesa; Bell, Michelle L; Benjet, Corina; Bennett, Derrick A; Bensenor, Isabela M; Benzian, Habib; Bernabé, Eduardo; Bertozzi-Villa, Amelia; Beyene, Tariku J; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhalla, Ashish; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Bienhoff, Kelly; Bikbov, Boris; Biryukov, Stan; Blore, Jed D; Blosser, Christopher D; Blyth, Fiona M; Bohensky, Megan A; Bolliger, Ian W; Bora Başara, Berrak; Bornstein, Natan M; Bose, Dipan; Boufous, Soufiane; Bourne, Rupert R A; Boyers, Lindsay N; Brainin, Michael; Brayne, Carol E; Brazinova, Alexandra; Breitborde, Nicholas J K; Brenner, Hermann; Briggs, Adam D; Brooks, Peter M; Brown, Jonathan C; Brugha, Traolach S; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Buckle, Geoffrey C; Budke, Christine M; Bulchis, Anne; Bulloch, Andrew G; Campos-Nonato, Ismael R; Carabin, Hélène; Carapetis, Jonathan R; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carpenter, David O; Caso, Valeria; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A; Castro, Ruben E; Catalá-López, Ferrán; Cavalleri, Fiorella; Çavlin, Alanur; Chadha, Vineet K; Chang, Jung-Chen; Charlson, Fiona J; Chen, Honglei; Chen, Wanqing; Chiang, Peggy P; Chimed-Ochir, Odgerel; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Christensen, Hanne; Christophi, Costas A; Cirillo, Massimo; Coates, Matthew M; Coffeng, Luc E; Coggeshall, Megan S; Colistro, Valentina; Colquhoun, Samantha M; Cooke, Graham S; Cooper, Cyrus; Cooper, Leslie T; Coppola, Luis M; Cortinovis, Monica; Criqui, Michael H; Crump, John A; Cuevas-Nasu, Lucia; Danawi, Hadi; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dansereau, Emily; Dargan, Paul I; Davey, Gail; Davis, Adrian; Davitoiu, Dragos V; Dayama, Anand; De Leo, Diego; Degenhardt, Louisa; Del Pozo-Cruz, Borja; Dellavalle, Robert P; Deribe, Kebede; Derrett, Sarah; Des Jarlais, Don C; Dessalegn, Muluken; Dharmaratne, Samath D; Dherani, Mukesh K; Diaz-Torné, Cesar; Dicker, Daniel; Ding, Eric L; Dokova, Klara; Dorsey, E Ray; Driscoll, Tim R; Duan, Leilei; Duber, Herbert C; Ebel, Beth E; Edmond, Karen M; Elshrek, Yousef M; Endres, Matthias; Ermakov, Sergey P; Erskine, Holly E; Eshrati, Babak; Esteghamati, Alireza; Estep, Kara; Faraon, Emerito Jose A; Farzadfar, Farshad; Fay, Derek F; Feigin, Valery L; Felson, David T; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Jefferson G; Ferrari, Alize J; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Flaxman, Abraham D; Fleming, Thomas D; Foigt, Nataliya; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H; Fowkes, F Gerry R; Paleo, Urbano Fra; Franklin, Richard C; Fürst, Thomas; Gabbe, Belinda; Gaffikin, Lynne; Gankpé, Fortuné G; Geleijnse, Johanna M; Gessner, Bradford D; Gething, Peter; Gibney, Katherine B; Giroud, Maurice; Giussani, Giorgia; Gomez Dantes, Hector; Gona, Philimon; González-Medina, Diego; Gosselin, Richard A; Gotay, Carolyn C; Goto, Atsushi; Gouda, Hebe N; Graetz, Nicholas; Gugnani, Harish C; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gutiérrez, Reyna A; Haagsma, Juanita; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Hagan, Holly; Halasa, Yara A; Hamadeh, Randah R; Hamavid, Hannah; Hammami, Mouhanad; Hancock, Jamie; Hankey, Graeme J; Hansen, Gillian M; Hao, Yuantao; Harb, Hilda L; Haro, Josep Maria; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Hay, Simon I; Hay, Roderick J; Heredia-Pi, Ileana B; Heuton, Kyle R; Heydarpour, Pouria; Higashi, Hideki; Hijar, Martha; Hoek, Hans W; Hoffman, Howard J; Hosgood, H Dean; Hossain, Mazeda; Hotez, Peter J; Hoy, Damian G; Hsairi, Mohamed; Hu, Guoqing; Huang, Cheng; Huang, John J; Husseini, Abdullatif; Huynh, Chantal; Iannarone, Marissa L; Iburg, Kim M; Innos, Kaire; Inoue, Manami; Islami, Farhad; Jacobsen, Kathryn H

    2015-11-28

    The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) aims to bring together all available epidemiological data using a coherent measurement framework, standardised estimation methods, and transparent data sources to enable comparisons of health loss over time and across causes, age-sex groups, and countries. The GBD can be used to generate summary measures such as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) that make possible comparative assessments of broad epidemiological patterns across countries and time. These summary measures can also be used to quantify the component of variation in epidemiology that is related to sociodemographic development. We used the published GBD 2013 data for age-specific mortality, years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs), and years lived with disability (YLDs) to calculate DALYs and HALE for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2013 for 188 countries. We calculated HALE using the Sullivan method; 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs) represent uncertainty in age-specific death rates and YLDs per person for each country, age, sex, and year. We estimated DALYs for 306 causes for each country as the sum of YLLs and YLDs; 95% UIs represent uncertainty in YLL and YLD rates. We quantified patterns of the epidemiological transition with a composite indicator of sociodemographic status, which we constructed from income per person, average years of schooling after age 15 years, and the total fertility rate and mean age of the population. We applied hierarchical regression to DALY rates by cause across countries to decompose variance related to the sociodemographic status variable, country, and time. Worldwide, from 1990 to 2013, life expectancy at birth rose by 6·2 years (95% UI 5·6-6·6), from 65·3 years (65·0-65·6) in 1990 to 71·5 years (71·0-71·9) in 2013, HALE at birth rose by 5·4 years (4·9-5·8), from 56·9 years (54·5-59·1) to 62·3 years (59·7-64·8), total DALYs fell by 3·6% (0·3-7·4

  20. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015 : a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Arora, Megha; Barber, Ryan M.; Bhutta, Zulfigar A.; Carter, Austin; Casey, Daniel C.; Charlson, Fiona J.; Coates, Matthew M.; Coggeshall, Megan; Cornaby, Leslie; Dandona, Lalit; Dicker, Daniel J.; Erskine, Holly E.; Ferrari, Alize J.; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Foreman, Kyle; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Fullman, Nancy; Gething, Peter W.; Goldberg, Ellen M.; Graetz, Nicholas; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Johnson, Catherine; Kemmer, Laura; Khalil, Ibrahim A.; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kutz, Michael J.; Kyu, Hmwe H.; Leung, Janni; Liang, Xiaofeng; Lim, Stephen S.; Lim, Stephen S.; Lozano, Rafael; Mensah, George A.; Mikesell, Joe; Mokdad, Ali H.; Mooney, Meghan D.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Nguyen, Grant; Nsoesie, Elaine; Pigott, David M.; Pinho, Christine; Rankin, Zane; Reinig, Nikolas; Salomon, Joshua A.; Sandar, Logan; Smith, Alison; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Stanaway, Jeffrey; Steiner, Caitlyn; Teeple, Stephanie; Thomas, Bernadette A.; Troeger, Chris; VanderZanden, Amelia; Wagner, Joseph A.; Wanga, Valentine; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Zhou, Maigeng; Zoeckler, Leo; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abraham, Biju; Abubakar, Ibrahim; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Achoki, Tom; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adsuar, Jose C.; Afanvi, Kossivi Agbelenko; Afshin, Ashkan; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Agarwal, Arnav; Kumar, Sanjay; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Akseer, Nadia; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore K. M.; Aldhahri, Saleh Fahed; Alegretti, Miguel Angel; Aleman, Alicia V.; Alemu, Zewdie Aderaw; Alexander, Lily T.; Raghib, Ali; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Martin, Elena Alvarez; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amberbir, Alemayehu; Amegah, Adeladza Kofi; Amini, Heresh; Ammar, Walid; Amrock, Stephen Marc; Anderson, Gregory M.; Anderson, Benjamin O.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arnlov, Johan; Arsenijevic, Valentina S. Arsic; Artaman, Al; Asayesh, Hamid; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Awasthi, Ashish; Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala; Azzopardi, Peter; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Banerjee, Amitava; Barac, Aleksandra; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Barnighausen, Till; Barregard, Lars; Barrero, Lope H.; Basu, Sanjay; Bayou, Tigist Assefa; Beardsley, Justin; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Bell, Brent; Bell, Michelle L.; Benjet, Corina; Bennett, Derrick A.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bernabe, Eduardo; Betsu, Balem Demtsu; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhansali, Anil; Bhatt, Samir; Biadgilign, Sibhatu; Bienhofff, Kelly; Bikbov, Boris; Bin Abdulhak, Aref A.; Bisanzio, Donal; Bjertness, Espen; Blore, Jed D.; Borschmann, Rohan; Boufous, Soufiane; Bourne, Rupert R. A.; Brainin, Michael; Brazinova, Alexandra; Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.; Brugha, Traolach S.; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Buckle, Geoffrey Colin; Butt, Zahid A.; Calabria, Bianca; Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo; Campuzano, Julio Cesar; Carabin, Helene; Carapetis, Jonathan R.; Cardenas, Rosario; Carrero, Juan Jesus; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Rivas, Jacqueline Castillo; Catala-Lopez, Ferran; Cavalleri, Fiorella; Chang, Jung-Chen; Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia; Chibalabala, Mirriam; Chibueze, Chioma Ezinne; Chisumpa, Vesper Hichilombwe; Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine; Choudhury, Lincoln; Christensen, Hanne; Ciobanu, Liliana G.; Colistro, Valentina; Colomar, Mercedes; Colquhoun, Samantha M.; Cortinovis, Monica; Crump, John A.; Damasceno, Albertino; Dandona, Rakhi; Dargan, Paul I.; Das Neves, Jose; Davey, Gail; Davis, Adrian C.; De Leo, Diego; Degenhardt, Louisa; Del Gobbo, Liana C.; Derrett, Sarah; Des Jarlais, Don C.; Deveber, Gabrielle A.; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Dhillon, Preet K.; Ding, Eric L.; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Driscoll, Tim R.; Duan, Leilei; Dubey, Manisha; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Ebrahimi, Hedyeh; Ellenbogen, Richard G.; Elyazar, Iqbal; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich; Eshrati, Babak; Esteghamati, Alireza; Estep, Kara; Fahimi, Saman; Farid, Talha A.; Sa Farinha, Carla Sofia e; Faro, Andre; Farvid, Maryam S.; Farzadfar, Farshad; Feigin, Valery L.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Jefferson G.; Fernandes, Joao C.; Fischer, Florian; Fitchett, Joseph R. A.; Foigt, Nataliya; Fowkes, F. Gerry R.; Franklin, Richard C.; Friedman, Joseph; Frostad, Joseph; Furst, Thomas; Futran, Neal D.; Gabbe, Belinda; Gankpe, Fortune Gbetoho; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay; Geleijnse, Johanna M.; Gibney, Katherine B.; Gillum, Richard F.; Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed; Giref, Ababi Zergaw; Giroud, Maurice; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Godwin, William W.; Gomez-Dantes, Hector; Gona, Philimon; Goodridge, Amador; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gotay, Carolyn C.; Goto, Atsushi; Gouda, Hebe N.; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Vipin; Gutierrez, Reyna A.; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Haile, Demewoz; Hailu, Alemayehu Desalegne; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Halasa, Yara A.; Ribhi, Randah; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hamidi, Samer; Hammami, Mouhanad; Handal, Alexis J.; Hankey, Graeme J.; Harb, Hilda L.; Harikrishnan, Sivadasanpillai; Haro, Josep Maria; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hassen, Tahir Ahmed; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Hay, Roderick J.; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Heredia-Pi, Ileana Beatriz; Heydarpour, Pouria; Hoek, Hans W.; Hoffman, Daniel J.; Horino, Masako; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, H. Dean; Hoy, Damian G.; Hsairi, Mohamed; Huang, Hsiang; Huang, John J.; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; Idrisov, Bulat T.; Innos, Kaire; Inoue, Manami; Jacobsen, Kathryn H.; Jauregui, Alejandra; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jha, Vivekanand; Jiang, Guohong; Jiang, Ying; Jibat, Tariku; Jimenez-Corona, Aida; Jin, Ye; Jonas, Jost B.; Kabir, Zubair; Kajungu, Dan K.; Kalkonde, Yogeshwar; Kamal, Ritul; Kan, Haidong; Kandel, Amit; Karch, Andre; Karema, Corine Kakizi; Karimkhani, Chante; Kasaeian, Amir; Katibeh, Marzieh; Kaul, Anil; Kawakami, Norito; Kazi, Dhruv S.; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Kemp, Andrew Haddon; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Keren, Andre; Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Abdur Rahman; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khang, Young-Ho; Khoja, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Cho-il; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Kivipelto, Miia; Knibbs, Luke D.; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kolte, Dhaval; Kopec, Jacek A.; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Kuchenbecker, Ricardo S.; Bicer, Burcu Kucuk; Kuipers, Ernst J.; Kumar, G. Anil; Kwan, Gene F.; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lallukka, Tea; Larsson, Anders; Latif, Asma Abdul; Lavados, Pablo M.; Lawrynowicz, Alicia Elena Beatriz; Leasher, Janet L.; Leigh, James; Leung, Ricky; Li, Yichong; Li, Yongmei; Lipshultz, Steven E.; Liu, Patrick Y.; Liu, Yang; Lloyd, Belinda K.; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Looker, Katharine J.; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Lucas, Robyn M.; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Lyons, Ronan A.; El Razek, Hassan Magdy Abd; Mandavi, Mandi; Majdan, Marek; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Marcenes, Wagner; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Masiye, Felix; Mason-Jones, Amanda J.; Matzopoulos, Richard; Mayosi, Bongani M.; McGrath, John J.; Mckee, Martin; Meaney, Peter A.; Mehari, Alem; Melaku, Yohannes Adama; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Mesfin, Yonatan Moges; Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary; Miller, Ted R.; Mills, Edward J.; Mirarefin, Mojde; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mitchell, Philip B.; Mock, Charles N.; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammadi, Alireza; Mohammed, Shafiu; Monasta, Lorenzo; Montanez Hernandez, Julio Cesar; Montico, Marcella; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Mori, Rintaro; Mueller, Ulrich O.; Mumford, John Everett; Murdoch, Michele E.; Murthy, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana; Nachega, Jean B.; Naheed, Aliya; Naldi, Luigi; Nangia, Vinay; Newton, John N.; Ng, Marie; Ngalesoni, Frida Namnyak; Le Nguyen, Quyen; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Pete, Patrick Martial Nkamedjie; Nolla, Joan M.; Norheim, Ole F.; Norman, Rosana E.; Norrving, Bo; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In-Hwan; Oladimeji, Olanrewaju; Olivares, Pedro R.; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Alberto; Ota, Erika; Oyekale, Abayomi Samuel; Pa, Mahesh; Park, Eun-Kee; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh; Patten, Scott B.; Patton, George C.; Pedro, Joao Mario; Pereira, David M.; Perico, Norberto; Pesudovs, Konrad; Petzold, Max; Phillips, Michael Robert; Piel, Frederic B.; Pillay, Julian David; Pishgar, Farhad; Plass, Dietrich; Polinder, Suzanne; Popova, Svetlana; Poulton, Richie G.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Prasad, Noela M.; Qorbani, Mostafa; Rabiee, Rynaz H. S.; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi, Kazem; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rahman, Sajjad Ur; Rai, Dheeraj; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rajsic, Sasa; Raju, Murugesan; Ram, Usha; Ranganathan, Kavitha; Refaat, Amany H.; Reitsma, Marissa B.; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Resnikoff, Serge; Reynolds, Alex; Ribeiro, Antonio L.; Ricci, Stefano; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Rojas-Rueda, David; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Roth, Gregory A.; Roy, Ambuj; Sackey, Ben Benasco; Sagar, Rajesh; Sanabria, Juan R.; Dolores Sanchez-Nino, Maria; Santos, Itamar S.; Santos, Joao Vasco; Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo; Sartorius, Benn; Satpathy, Maheswar; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; Schmidt, Maria Ines; Schneider, Ione J. C.; Schutte, Aletta E.; Schwebel, David C.; Seedat, Soraya; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Servan-Mori, Edson E.; Shahraz, Saeid; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Sharma, Rajesh; She, Jun; Sheikhbahaei, Sara; Shen, Jiabin; Sheth, Kevin N.; Shibuya, Kenji; Shigematsu, Mika; Shin, Min-Jeong; Shin, Rahman; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Santos Silva, Diego Augusto; Silverberg, Jonathan I.; Simard, Edgar P.; Singh, Abhishek; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Singh, Prashant Kumar; Skirbekk, Vegard; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Soljak, Michael; Soreide, Kjetil; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Stathopoulou, Vasiliki; Steel, Nicholas; Stein, Dan J.; Stein, Murray B.; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Stranges, Saverio; Stroumpoulis, Konstantinos; Sunguya, Bruno F.; Sur, Patrick J.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Sykes, Bryan L.; Szoeke, Cassandra E. I.; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Landon, Nikhil; Tanne, David; Tavakkoli, Mohammad; Taye, Bineyam; Taylor, Hugh R.; Ao, Braden J. Te; Tegegne, Teketo Kassaw; Tekle, Dejen Yemane; Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman; Tessema, Gizachew Assefa; Thakur, J. S.; Thomson, Alan J.; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Thrift, Amanda G.; Thurston, George D.; Tobe-Gai, Ruoyan; Tonelli, Marcello; Topor-Madry, Roman; Topouzis, Fotis; Tran, Bach Xuan; Dimbuene, Zacharie Tsala; Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis; Tura, Abera Kenay; Tuzcu, Emin Murat; Tyrovolas, Stefanos; Ukwaja, Kingsley N.; Undurraga, Eduardo A.; Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Uthman, Olalekan A.; van Gool, Coen H.; van Os, Jim; Vasankari, Tommi; Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Violante, Francesco S.; Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wagner, Gregory R.; Wallin, Mitchell T.; Wang, Linhong; Weichenthal, Scott; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Weintraub, Robert G.; Werdecker, Andrea; WestermaM, Ronny; Wijeratne, Tissa; Wilkinson, James D.; Williams, Hywel C.; Wiysonge, Charles Shey; Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret; Wolfe, Charles D. A.; Won, Sungho; Xu, Gelin; Yadav, Ajit Kumar; Yakob, Bereket; Yan, Lijing L.; Yan, Yuichiro; Yaseri, Mehdi; Ye, Pengpeng; Yip, Paul; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Yu, Chuanhua; Zaidi, Zoubida; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zeeb, Hajo; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Zeeb, Hajo; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Vos, Theo; Lopez, Alan D.; Murray, Christopher J. L.

    2016-01-01

    Background Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and m

  1. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015 : a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Arora, Megha; Barber, Ryan M.; Bhutta, Zulfigar A.; Carter, Austin; Casey, Daniel C.; Charlson, Fiona J.; Coates, Matthew M.; Coggeshall, Megan; Cornaby, Leslie; Dandona, Lalit; Dicker, Daniel J.; Erskine, Holly E.; Ferrari, Alize J.; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Foreman, Kyle; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Fullman, Nancy; Gething, Peter W.; Goldberg, Ellen M.; Graetz, Nicholas; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Johnson, Catherine; Kemmer, Laura; Khalil, Ibrahim A.; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kutz, Michael J.; Kyu, Hmwe H.; Leung, Janni; Liang, Xiaofeng; Lim, Stephen S.; Lim, Stephen S.; Lozano, Rafael; Mensah, George A.; Mikesell, Joe; Mokdad, Ali H.; Mooney, Meghan D.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Nguyen, Grant; Nsoesie, Elaine; Pigott, David M.; Pinho, Christine; Rankin, Zane; Reinig, Nikolas; Salomon, Joshua A.; Sandar, Logan; Smith, Alison; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Stanaway, Jeffrey; Steiner, Caitlyn; Teeple, Stephanie; Thomas, Bernadette A.; Troeger, Chris; VanderZanden, Amelia; Wagner, Joseph A.; Wanga, Valentine; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Zhou, Maigeng; Zoeckler, Leo; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abraham, Biju; Abubakar, Ibrahim; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Achoki, Tom; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adsuar, Jose C.; Afanvi, Kossivi Agbelenko; Afshin, Ashkan; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Agarwal, Arnav; Kumar, Sanjay; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Akseer, Nadia; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore K. M.; Aldhahri, Saleh Fahed; Alegretti, Miguel Angel; Aleman, Alicia V.; Alemu, Zewdie Aderaw; Alexander, Lily T.; Raghib, Ali; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Martin, Elena Alvarez; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amberbir, Alemayehu; Amegah, Adeladza Kofi; Amini, Heresh; Ammar, Walid; Amrock, Stephen Marc; Anderson, Gregory M.; Anderson, Benjamin O.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arnlov, Johan; Arsenijevic, Valentina S. Arsic; Artaman, Al; Asayesh, Hamid; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Awasthi, Ashish; Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala; Azzopardi, Peter; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Banerjee, Amitava; Barac, Aleksandra; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Barnighausen, Till; Barregard, Lars; Barrero, Lope H.; Basu, Sanjay; Bayou, Tigist Assefa; Beardsley, Justin; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Bell, Brent; Bell, Michelle L.; Benjet, Corina; Bennett, Derrick A.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bernabe, Eduardo; Betsu, Balem Demtsu; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhansali, Anil; Bhatt, Samir; Biadgilign, Sibhatu; Bienhofff, Kelly; Bikbov, Boris; Bin Abdulhak, Aref A.; Bisanzio, Donal; Bjertness, Espen; Blore, Jed D.; Borschmann, Rohan; Boufous, Soufiane; Bourne, Rupert R. A.; Brainin, Michael; Brazinova, Alexandra; Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.; Brugha, Traolach S.; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Buckle, Geoffrey Colin; Butt, Zahid A.; Calabria, Bianca; Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo; Campuzano, Julio Cesar; Carabin, Helene; Carapetis, Jonathan R.; Cardenas, Rosario; Carrero, Juan Jesus; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Rivas, Jacqueline Castillo; Catala-Lopez, Ferran; Cavalleri, Fiorella; Chang, Jung-Chen; Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia; Chibalabala, Mirriam; Chibueze, Chioma Ezinne; Chisumpa, Vesper Hichilombwe; Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine; Choudhury, Lincoln; Christensen, Hanne; Ciobanu, Liliana G.; Colistro, Valentina; Colomar, Mercedes; Colquhoun, Samantha M.; Cortinovis, Monica; Crump, John A.; Damasceno, Albertino; Dandona, Rakhi; Dargan, Paul I.; Das Neves, Jose; Davey, Gail; Davis, Adrian C.; De Leo, Diego; Degenhardt, Louisa; Del Gobbo, Liana C.; Derrett, Sarah; Des Jarlais, Don C.; Deveber, Gabrielle A.; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Dhillon, Preet K.; Ding, Eric L.; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Driscoll, Tim R.; Duan, Leilei; Dubey, Manisha; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Ebrahimi, Hedyeh; Ellenbogen, Richard G.; Elyazar, Iqbal; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich; Eshrati, Babak; Esteghamati, Alireza; Estep, Kara; Fahimi, Saman; Farid, Talha A.; Sa Farinha, Carla Sofia e; Faro, Andre; Farvid, Maryam S.; Farzadfar, Farshad; Feigin, Valery L.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Jefferson G.; Fernandes, Joao C.; Fischer, Florian; Fitchett, Joseph R. A.; Foigt, Nataliya; Fowkes, F. Gerry R.; Franklin, Richard C.; Friedman, Joseph; Frostad, Joseph; Furst, Thomas; Futran, Neal D.; Gabbe, Belinda; Gankpe, Fortune Gbetoho; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay; Geleijnse, Johanna M.; Gibney, Katherine B.; Gillum, Richard F.; Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed; Giref, Ababi Zergaw; Giroud, Maurice; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Godwin, William W.; Gomez-Dantes, Hector; Gona, Philimon; Goodridge, Amador; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gotay, Carolyn C.; Goto, Atsushi; Gouda, Hebe N.; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Vipin; Gutierrez, Reyna A.; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Haile, Demewoz; Hailu, Alemayehu Desalegne; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Halasa, Yara A.; Ribhi, Randah; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hamidi, Samer; Hammami, Mouhanad; Handal, Alexis J.; Hankey, Graeme J.; Harb, Hilda L.; Harikrishnan, Sivadasanpillai; Haro, Josep Maria; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hassen, Tahir Ahmed; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Hay, Roderick J.; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Heredia-Pi, Ileana Beatriz; Heydarpour, Pouria; Hoek, Hans W.; Hoffman, Daniel J.; Horino, Masako; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, H. Dean; Hoy, Damian G.; Hsairi, Mohamed; Huang, Hsiang; Huang, John J.; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; Idrisov, Bulat T.; Innos, Kaire; Inoue, Manami; Jacobsen, Kathryn H.; Jauregui, Alejandra; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jha, Vivekanand; Jiang, Guohong; Jiang, Ying; Jibat, Tariku; Jimenez-Corona, Aida; Jin, Ye; Jonas, Jost B.; Kabir, Zubair; Kajungu, Dan K.; Kalkonde, Yogeshwar; Kamal, Ritul; Kan, Haidong; Kandel, Amit; Karch, Andre; Karema, Corine Kakizi; Karimkhani, Chante; Kasaeian, Amir; Katibeh, Marzieh; Kaul, Anil; Kawakami, Norito; Kazi, Dhruv S.; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Kemp, Andrew Haddon; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Keren, Andre; Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Abdur Rahman; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khang, Young-Ho; Khoja, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Cho-il; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Kivipelto, Miia; Knibbs, Luke D.; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kolte, Dhaval; Kopec, Jacek A.; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Kuchenbecker, Ricardo S.; Bicer, Burcu Kucuk; Kuipers, Ernst J.; Kumar, G. Anil; Kwan, Gene F.; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lallukka, Tea; Larsson, Anders; Latif, Asma Abdul; Lavados, Pablo M.; Lawrynowicz, Alicia Elena Beatriz; Leasher, Janet L.; Leigh, James; Leung, Ricky; Li, Yichong; Li, Yongmei; Lipshultz, Steven E.; Liu, Patrick Y.; Liu, Yang; Lloyd, Belinda K.; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Looker, Katharine J.; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Lucas, Robyn M.; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Lyons, Ronan A.; El Razek, Hassan Magdy Abd; Mandavi, Mandi; Majdan, Marek; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Marcenes, Wagner; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Masiye, Felix; Mason-Jones, Amanda J.; Matzopoulos, Richard; Mayosi, Bongani M.; McGrath, John J.; Mckee, Martin; Meaney, Peter A.; Mehari, Alem; Melaku, Yohannes Adama; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Mesfin, Yonatan Moges; Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary; Miller, Ted R.; Mills, Edward J.; Mirarefin, Mojde; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mitchell, Philip B.; Mock, Charles N.; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammadi, Alireza; Mohammed, Shafiu; Monasta, Lorenzo; Montanez Hernandez, Julio Cesar; Montico, Marcella; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Mori, Rintaro; Mueller, Ulrich O.; Mumford, John Everett; Murdoch, Michele E.; Murthy, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana; Nachega, Jean B.; Naheed, Aliya; Naldi, Luigi; Nangia, Vinay; Newton, John N.; Ng, Marie; Ngalesoni, Frida Namnyak; Le Nguyen, Quyen; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Pete, Patrick Martial Nkamedjie; Nolla, Joan M.; Norheim, Ole F.; Norman, Rosana E.; Norrving, Bo; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In-Hwan; Oladimeji, Olanrewaju; Olivares, Pedro R.; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Alberto; Ota, Erika; Oyekale, Abayomi Samuel; Pa, Mahesh; Park, Eun-Kee; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh; Patten, Scott B.; Patton, George C.; Pedro, Joao Mario; Pereira, David M.; Perico, Norberto; Pesudovs, Konrad; Petzold, Max; Phillips, Michael Robert; Piel, Frederic B.; Pillay, Julian David; Pishgar, Farhad; Plass, Dietrich; Polinder, Suzanne; Popova, Svetlana; Poulton, Richie G.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Prasad, Noela M.; Qorbani, Mostafa; Rabiee, Rynaz H. S.; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi, Kazem; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rahman, Sajjad Ur; Rai, Dheeraj; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rajsic, Sasa; Raju, Murugesan; Ram, Usha; Ranganathan, Kavitha; Refaat, Amany H.; Reitsma, Marissa B.; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Resnikoff, Serge; Reynolds, Alex; Ribeiro, Antonio L.; Ricci, Stefano; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Rojas-Rueda, David; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Roth, Gregory A.; Roy, Ambuj; Sackey, Ben Benasco; Sagar, Rajesh; Sanabria, Juan R.; Dolores Sanchez-Nino, Maria; Santos, Itamar S.; Santos, Joao Vasco; Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo; Sartorius, Benn; Satpathy, Maheswar; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; Schmidt, Maria Ines; Schneider, Ione J. C.; Schutte, Aletta E.; Schwebel, David C.; Seedat, Soraya; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Servan-Mori, Edson E.; Shahraz, Saeid; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Sharma, Rajesh; She, Jun; Sheikhbahaei, Sara; Shen, Jiabin; Sheth, Kevin N.; Shibuya, Kenji; Shigematsu, Mika; Shin, Min-Jeong; Shin, Rahman; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Santos Silva, Diego Augusto; Silverberg, Jonathan I.; Simard, Edgar P.; Singh, Abhishek; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Singh, Prashant Kumar; Skirbekk, Vegard; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Soljak, Michael; Soreide, Kjetil; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Stathopoulou, Vasiliki; Steel, Nicholas; Stein, Dan J.; Stein, Murray B.; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Stranges, Saverio; Stroumpoulis, Konstantinos; Sunguya, Bruno F.; Sur, Patrick J.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Sykes, Bryan L.; Szoeke, Cassandra E. I.; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Landon, Nikhil; Tanne, David; Tavakkoli, Mohammad; Taye, Bineyam; Taylor, Hugh R.; Ao, Braden J. Te; Tegegne, Teketo Kassaw; Tekle, Dejen Yemane; Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman; Tessema, Gizachew Assefa; Thakur, J. S.; Thomson, Alan J.; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Thrift, Amanda G.; Thurston, George D.; Tobe-Gai, Ruoyan; Tonelli, Marcello; Topor-Madry, Roman; Topouzis, Fotis; Tran, Bach Xuan; Dimbuene, Zacharie Tsala; Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis; Tura, Abera Kenay; Tuzcu, Emin Murat; Tyrovolas, Stefanos; Ukwaja, Kingsley N.; Undurraga, Eduardo A.; Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Uthman, Olalekan A.; van Gool, Coen H.; van Os, Jim; Vasankari, Tommi; Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Violante, Francesco S.; Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wagner, Gregory R.; Wallin, Mitchell T.; Wang, Linhong; Weichenthal, Scott; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Weintraub, Robert G.; Werdecker, Andrea; WestermaM, Ronny; Wijeratne, Tissa; Wilkinson, James D.; Williams, Hywel C.; Wiysonge, Charles Shey; Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret; Wolfe, Charles D. A.; Won, Sungho; Xu, Gelin; Yadav, Ajit Kumar; Yakob, Bereket; Yan, Lijing L.; Yan, Yuichiro; Yaseri, Mehdi; Ye, Pengpeng; Yip, Paul; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Yu, Chuanhua; Zaidi, Zoubida; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zeeb, Hajo; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Zeeb, Hajo; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Vos, Theo; Lopez, Alan D.; Murray, Christopher J. L.

    2016-01-01

    Background Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and

  2. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kassebaum, N.J.; Arora, Megha; Barber, R.M.; Bhutta, Zulfiqar; Brown, J.; Carter, Austin; Casey, Daniel C.; Charlson, Fiona J.; Coates, M.; Coggeshall, M.S.; Geleijnse, J.M.

    2016-01-01

    Background
    Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development,

  3. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015 : a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Arora, Megha; Barber, Ryan M.; Bhutta, Zulfigar A.; Carter, Austin; Casey, Daniel C.; Charlson, Fiona J.; Coates, Matthew M.; Coggeshall, Megan; Cornaby, Leslie; Dandona, Lalit; Dicker, Daniel J.; Erskine, Holly E.; Ferrari, Alize J.; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Foreman, Kyle; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Fullman, Nancy; Gething, Peter W.; Goldberg, Ellen M.; Graetz, Nicholas; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Johnson, Catherine; Kemmer, Laura; Khalil, Ibrahim A.; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kutz, Michael J.; Kyu, Hmwe H.; Leung, Janni; Liang, Xiaofeng; Lim, Stephen S.; Lim, Stephen S.; Lozano, Rafael; Mensah, George A.; Mikesell, Joe; Mokdad, Ali H.; Mooney, Meghan D.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Nguyen, Grant; Nsoesie, Elaine; Pigott, David M.; Pinho, Christine; Rankin, Zane; Reinig, Nikolas; Salomon, Joshua A.; Sandar, Logan; Smith, Alison; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Stanaway, Jeffrey; Steiner, Caitlyn; Teeple, Stephanie; Thomas, Bernadette A.; Troeger, Chris; VanderZanden, Amelia; Wagner, Joseph A.; Wanga, Valentine; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Zhou, Maigeng; Zoeckler, Leo; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abraham, Biju; Abubakar, Ibrahim; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Achoki, Tom; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adsuar, Jose C.; Afanvi, Kossivi Agbelenko; Afshin, Ashkan; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Agarwal, Arnav; Kumar, Sanjay; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Akseer, Nadia; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore K. M.; Aldhahri, Saleh Fahed; Alegretti, Miguel Angel; Aleman, Alicia V.; Alemu, Zewdie Aderaw; Alexander, Lily T.; Raghib, Ali; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Martin, Elena Alvarez; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amberbir, Alemayehu; Amegah, Adeladza Kofi; Amini, Heresh; Ammar, Walid; Amrock, Stephen Marc; Anderson, Gregory M.; Anderson, Benjamin O.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arnlov, Johan; Arsenijevic, Valentina S. Arsic; Artaman, Al; Asayesh, Hamid; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Awasthi, Ashish; Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala; Azzopardi, Peter; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Banerjee, Amitava; Barac, Aleksandra; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Barnighausen, Till; Barregard, Lars; Barrero, Lope H.; Basu, Sanjay; Bayou, Tigist Assefa; Beardsley, Justin; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Bell, Brent; Bell, Michelle L.; Benjet, Corina; Bennett, Derrick A.; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bernabe, Eduardo; Betsu, Balem Demtsu; Beyene, Addisu Shunu; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhansali, Anil; Bhatt, Samir; Biadgilign, Sibhatu; Bienhofff, Kelly; Bikbov, Boris; Bin Abdulhak, Aref A.; Bisanzio, Donal; Bjertness, Espen; Blore, Jed D.; Borschmann, Rohan; Boufous, Soufiane; Bourne, Rupert R. A.; Brainin, Michael; Brazinova, Alexandra; Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.; Brugha, Traolach S.; Buchbinder, Rachelle; Buckle, Geoffrey Colin; Butt, Zahid A.; Calabria, Bianca; Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo; Campuzano, Julio Cesar; Carabin, Helene; Carapetis, Jonathan R.; Cardenas, Rosario; Carrero, Juan Jesus; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Rivas, Jacqueline Castillo; Catala-Lopez, Ferran; Cavalleri, Fiorella; Chang, Jung-Chen; Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia; Chibalabala, Mirriam; Chibueze, Chioma Ezinne; Chisumpa, Vesper Hichilombwe; Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine; Choudhury, Lincoln; Christensen, Hanne; Ciobanu, Liliana G.; Colistro, Valentina; Colomar, Mercedes; Colquhoun, Samantha M.; Cortinovis, Monica; Crump, John A.; Damasceno, Albertino; Dandona, Rakhi; Dargan, Paul I.; Das Neves, Jose; Davey, Gail; Davis, Adrian C.; De Leo, Diego; Degenhardt, Louisa; Del Gobbo, Liana C.; Derrett, Sarah; Des Jarlais, Don C.; Deveber, Gabrielle A.; Dharmaratne, Samath D.; Dhillon, Preet K.; Ding, Eric L.; Doyle, Kerrie E.; Driscoll, Tim R.; Duan, Leilei; Dubey, Manisha; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Ebrahimi, Hedyeh; Ellenbogen, Richard G.; Elyazar, Iqbal; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich; Eshrati, Babak; Esteghamati, Alireza; Estep, Kara; Fahimi, Saman; Farid, Talha A.; Sa Farinha, Carla Sofia e; Faro, Andre; Farvid, Maryam S.; Farzadfar, Farshad; Feigin, Valery L.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Jefferson G.; Fernandes, Joao C.; Fischer, Florian; Fitchett, Joseph R. A.; Foigt, Nataliya; Fowkes, F. Gerry R.; Franklin, Richard C.; Friedman, Joseph; Frostad, Joseph; Furst, Thomas; Futran, Neal D.; Gabbe, Belinda; Gankpe, Fortune Gbetoho; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay; Geleijnse, Johanna M.; Gibney, Katherine B.; Gillum, Richard F.; Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed; Giref, Ababi Zergaw; Giroud, Maurice; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Godwin, William W.; Gomez-Dantes, Hector; Gona, Philimon; Goodridge, Amador; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gotay, Carolyn C.; Goto, Atsushi; Gouda, Hebe N.; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Vipin; Gutierrez, Reyna A.; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Haile, Demewoz; Hailu, Alemayehu Desalegne; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Halasa, Yara A.; Ribhi, Randah; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hamidi, Samer; Hammami, Mouhanad; Handal, Alexis J.; Hankey, Graeme J.; Harb, Hilda L.; Harikrishnan, Sivadasanpillai; Haro, Josep Maria; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hassen, Tahir Ahmed; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Hay, Roderick J.; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Heredia-Pi, Ileana Beatriz; Heydarpour, Pouria; Hoek, Hans W.; Hoffman, Daniel J.; Horino, Masako; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, H. Dean; Hoy, Damian G.; Hsairi, Mohamed; Huang, Hsiang; Huang, John J.; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; Idrisov, Bulat T.; Innos, Kaire; Inoue, Manami; Jacobsen, Kathryn H.; Jauregui, Alejandra; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jha, Vivekanand; Jiang, Guohong; Jiang, Ying; Jibat, Tariku; Jimenez-Corona, Aida; Jin, Ye; Jonas, Jost B.; Kabir, Zubair; Kajungu, Dan K.; Kalkonde, Yogeshwar; Kamal, Ritul; Kan, Haidong; Kandel, Amit; Karch, Andre; Karema, Corine Kakizi; Karimkhani, Chante; Kasaeian, Amir; Katibeh, Marzieh; Kaul, Anil; Kawakami, Norito; Kazi, Dhruv S.; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Kemp, Andrew Haddon; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Keren, Andre; Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Abdur Rahman; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khang, Young-Ho; Khoja, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kieling, Christian; Kim, Cho-il; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Kivipelto, Miia; Knibbs, Luke D.; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kolte, Dhaval; Kopec, Jacek A.; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Kuchenbecker, Ricardo S.; Bicer, Burcu Kucuk; Kuipers, Ernst J.; Kumar, G. Anil; Kwan, Gene F.; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lallukka, Tea; Larsson, Anders; Latif, Asma Abdul; Lavados, Pablo M.; Lawrynowicz, Alicia Elena Beatriz; Leasher, Janet L.; Leigh, James; Leung, Ricky; Li, Yichong; Li, Yongmei; Lipshultz, Steven E.; Liu, Patrick Y.; Liu, Yang; Lloyd, Belinda K.; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Looker, Katharine J.; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Lucas, Robyn M.; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Lyons, Ronan A.; El Razek, Hassan Magdy Abd; Mandavi, Mandi; Majdan, Marek; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Marcenes, Wagner; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Masiye, Felix; Mason-Jones, Amanda J.; Matzopoulos, Richard; Mayosi, Bongani M.; McGrath, John J.; Mckee, Martin; Meaney, Peter A.; Mehari, Alem; Melaku, Yohannes Adama; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Mesfin, Yonatan Moges; Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary; Miller, Ted R.; Mills, Edward J.; Mirarefin, Mojde; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Mitchell, Philip B.; Mock, Charles N.; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammadi, Alireza; Mohammed, Shafiu; Monasta, Lorenzo; Montanez Hernandez, Julio Cesar; Montico, Marcella; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Mori, Rintaro; Mueller, Ulrich O.; Mumford, John Everett; Murdoch, Michele E.; Murthy, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana; Nachega, Jean B.; Naheed, Aliya; Naldi, Luigi; Nangia, Vinay; Newton, John N.; Ng, Marie; Ngalesoni, Frida Namnyak; Le Nguyen, Quyen; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Pete, Patrick Martial Nkamedjie; Nolla, Joan M.; Norheim, Ole F.; Norman, Rosana E.; Norrving, Bo; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In-Hwan; Oladimeji, Olanrewaju; Olivares, Pedro R.; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Alberto; Ota, Erika; Oyekale, Abayomi Samuel; Pa, Mahesh; Park, Eun-Kee; Parsaeian, Mahboubeh; Patten, Scott B.; Patton, George C.; Pedro, Joao Mario; Pereira, David M.; Perico, Norberto; Pesudovs, Konrad; Petzold, Max; Phillips, Michael Robert; Piel, Frederic B.; Pillay, Julian David; Pishgar, Farhad; Plass, Dietrich; Polinder, Suzanne; Popova, Svetlana; Poulton, Richie G.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Prasad, Noela M.; Qorbani, Mostafa; Rabiee, Rynaz H. S.; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi, Kazem; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rahman, Sajjad Ur; Rai, Dheeraj; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rajsic, Sasa; Raju, Murugesan; Ram, Usha; Ranganathan, Kavitha; Refaat, Amany H.; Reitsma, Marissa B.; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Resnikoff, Serge; Reynolds, Alex; Ribeiro, Antonio L.; Ricci, Stefano; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Rojas-Rueda, David; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Roth, Gregory A.; Roy, Ambuj; Sackey, Ben Benasco; Sagar, Rajesh; Sanabria, Juan R.; Dolores Sanchez-Nino, Maria; Santos, Itamar S.; Santos, Joao Vasco; Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo; Sartorius, Benn; Satpathy, Maheswar; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; Schmidt, Maria Ines; Schneider, Ione J. C.; Schutte, Aletta E.; Schwebel, David C.; Seedat, Soraya; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Servan-Mori, Edson E.; Shahraz, Saeid; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Sharma, Rajesh; She, Jun; Sheikhbahaei, Sara; Shen, Jiabin; Sheth, Kevin N.; Shibuya, Kenji; Shigematsu, Mika; Shin, Min-Jeong; Shin, Rahman; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Santos Silva, Diego Augusto; Silverberg, Jonathan I.; Simard, Edgar P.; Singh, Abhishek; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Singh, Prashant Kumar; Skirbekk, Vegard; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Soljak, Michael; Soreide, Kjetil; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Stathopoulou, Vasiliki; Steel, Nicholas; Stein, Dan J.; Stein, Murray B.; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Stranges, Saverio; Stroumpoulis, Konstantinos; Sunguya, Bruno F.; Sur, Patrick J.; Swaminathan, Soumya; Sykes, Bryan L.; Szoeke, Cassandra E. I.; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Landon, Nikhil; Tanne, David; Tavakkoli, Mohammad; Taye, Bineyam; Taylor, Hugh R.; Ao, Braden J. Te; Tegegne, Teketo Kassaw; Tekle, Dejen Yemane; Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman; Tessema, Gizachew Assefa; Thakur, J. S.; Thomson, Alan J.; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Thrift, Amanda G.; Thurston, George D.; Tobe-Gai, Ruoyan; Tonelli, Marcello; Topor-Madry, Roman; Topouzis, Fotis; Tran, Bach Xuan; Dimbuene, Zacharie Tsala; Tsilimbaris, Miltiadis; Tura, Abera Kenay; Tuzcu, Emin Murat; Tyrovolas, Stefanos; Ukwaja, Kingsley N.; Undurraga, Eduardo A.; Uneke, Chigozie Jesse; Uthman, Olalekan A.; van Gool, Coen H.; van Os, Jim; Vasankari, Tommi; Vasconcelos, Ana Maria Nogales; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Violante, Francesco S.; Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wagner, Gregory R.; Wallin, Mitchell T.; Wang, Linhong; Weichenthal, Scott; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Weintraub, Robert G.; Werdecker, Andrea; WestermaM, Ronny; Wijeratne, Tissa; Wilkinson, James D.; Williams, Hywel C.; Wiysonge, Charles Shey; Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret; Wolfe, Charles D. A.; Won, Sungho; Xu, Gelin; Yadav, Ajit Kumar; Yakob, Bereket; Yan, Lijing L.; Yan, Yuichiro; Yaseri, Mehdi; Ye, Pengpeng; Yip, Paul; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Yu, Chuanhua; Zaidi, Zoubida; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zeeb, Hajo; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Zeeb, Hajo; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zonies, David; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Vos, Theo; Lopez, Alan D.; Murray, Christopher J. L.

    2016-01-01

    Background Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and m

  4. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard Iburg, Kim

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and develop......Summary Background Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research...... (GBD 2015) for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive HALE and DALYs by sex for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. We calculated DALYs by summing years of life lost (YLLs) and years of life lived with disability (YLDs) for each geography, age......·4–3·7) for women, while HALE at age 65 years improved by 0·85 years (0·78–0·92) and 1·2 years (1·1–1·3), respectively. Rising SDI was associated with consistently higher HALE and a somewhat smaller proportion of life spent with functional health loss; however, rising SDI was related to increases in total...

  5. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010:a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Truelsen, Thomas Clement

    2012-01-01

    communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders, 43% from non-communicable diseases, and 10% from injuries. By 2010, this had shifted to 35%, 54%, and 11%, respectively. Ischaemic heart disease was the leading cause of DALYs worldwide in 2010 (up from fourth rank in 1990, increasing by 29...... from 12th to 10th rank (34% increase). Substantial heterogeneity exists in rankings of leading causes of disease burden among regions. INTERPRETATION: Global disease burden has continued to shift away from communicable to non-communicable diseases and from premature death to years lived with disability....... In sub-Saharan Africa, however, many communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders remain the dominant causes of disease burden. The rising burden from mental and behavioural disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and diabetes will impose new challenges on health systems. Regional...

  6. DYNAMICS OF DISABILITY ADJUSTED LIFE YEARS (DALY AS A RESULT OF PREMATURE MORTALITY OF CHILDREN AT THE AGE OF 0–17 YEARS IN TOMSK REGION IN 2008–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О. S. Kobyakova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The DALY indicator (Disability Adjusted Life Years is widely used for the assessment of a contribution of various diseases to losses of the population health and of the analysis of activity efficiency of health care systems. Background: Research objective was to evaluate dynamics of the DALY indicator as a result of premature mortality of the child population of Tomsk region during 2008-2012. Patients and methods: DALY calculation as a result of premature mortality of the child population of the region during the period from 2008 to 2012 is made. While calculating the data of Territorial body of Federal service of state statistics for the Tomsk Region (Rosstat which included a sex of the dead, day, month and year of death, place of residence, cause of death, day, month and year of birth of the dead was used. The number and gender and age structure of the population of the Tomsk Region according to Rosstat data were also considered. Results: The DALY decrease by 16,5% in child population at the age of 0–17 years is observed in the Tomsk region during the period from 2008 to 2012. Following the results of 2012, DALY in studied population made 833.1 (82.3 ± 5.4 years for 10 thousand of corresponding population that is 1,1 times lower than totally in the Russian Federation, and 3.4 times lower than the universal indicator of 2010. Conclusion: The received result reflects the activity of health care system of the region, directed on integration of synthesis of theoretical and practical knowledge. Decrease in DALY among the child population in the territory of the region is promoted by a number of factors: continuous quality improvement of the medical care rendered to children, target programs on motherhood and childhood health protection realized in the territory of the region, and also functioning of the federal scientific and educational institutions promoting introduction of modern techniques of medical care delivery in practical health care

  7. Environmental magnetic records of the Dali Lake borehole sequence in Inner Mongolia and implications for paleoclimatic variations in the semi-arid East Asia since the last deglaciation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, S.; Deng, C.; Xiao, J.; LI, J.; Paterson, G. A.; Chang, L.; Yi, L.; Qin, H.; Pan, Y.; Zhu, R.

    2016-12-01

    High-resolution paleoclimate research is essential in the semi-arid East Asian interior due to its sensitivity to climate variability and importance for human inhabitance. A high-resolution environmental magnetic investigation is performed on the Dali Lake core, which covers the past 16 ka. Different magnetic mineral sources were identified based on mag­netic measurements, electron telescope observation, and X-ray diffraction of both core and catchment sediments. The Holocene Warm Period (HWP, 9.8-5.9 ka) is magnetically dominated by biogenic magnetite, which is highly magnetic, fine grain-sized and with little SP contribution. The abundance of magnetofossils reflects conditions during the HWP when the warm and wet climate and associated improved nutrient supply enhanced biomineralization. The pro­nounced increase of magnetofossil concentrations at 9.8 ka reflects a gradual warming into the HWP, while the abrupt decrease at 5.9 ka coincides with the sudden termination of the HWP, and can be linked to drying at 6 ka in the Asian interior. The two-stage transition at 7.7 ka corresponds to the inferred turning point at which water input into Dali Lake transfers from colder snow/ice melt to warmer monsoonal precipitation at 7.6 ka. Our magnetofossil record represents the response of biotic systems in semi-arid lakes, through nutrient availability, to climate changes during the HWP. Magnetic minerals from the deglaciation are from erosion of the lake catchment. The titano-magnetite from the surrounding basalt in the catchment reflects erosion of bedrock under cold and dry conditions after the Last Glacial Maximum. Magnetic minerals likely from erosion of surface soils are linked to ameliorating climates since the Bølling-Allerød warming. Overall, our magnetic record during the last deglaciation documents paleoclimatically controlled erosion and transportation mechanisms in the lake catchments.

  8. Effects of setting creative goals of different specificity on judged creativity of the product

    OpenAIRE

    Čorko, Irena; Vranić, Andrea

    2005-01-01

    The study examined the effect of setting creative goals of different specificity on judged creativity of the product. Female psychology students (N=47) were divided in 3 groups. Experimental task was to make a collage. Groups differed in the level of specificity of the given goal. Collages were judged by 11 judges using the consensual assessment technique. Factor analysis of these judgments confirmed 2 orthogonal factors: creativity and technical goodness. Results show that setting a specific...

  9. Applying 4-H Judging Strategies to Board, Dice, and Card Games: Developing Skills in Urban and Suburban Youths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Brian; Stowe, James

    2017-01-01

    Most 4-H judging events involve livestock or other traditional 4-H projects. Consequently, many urban and suburban youths miss out on building life skills developed through judging. In a nontraditional approach to 4-H judging, such youths play board, dice, and card games and then judge the games using the practice of giving oral reasons. The…

  10. Gender and Judging in Portugal: Opinions and Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Duarte

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal, the phenomenon of feminization of the legal professions is quite recent compared to other countries. The increasing predominance of women among magistrates – judges and public prosecutors – since 2006 has been overwhelming though. If, until 1974, the judiciary was forbidden to women, in 2015, from a total of 1990 judges in first instance courts, Appeal Courts and the Judicial Supreme Court and the Administrative Supreme Court, 1175 were women (59%. Within the Public Prosecution, 61% were women. The weight of women in the legal professions is visible, even, at the Centre for Judicial Studies, where 67,5% of the justice auditors, in 2014, were women. In this scenario, the aim of this article is to discuss the representations of the legal professionals, on the repercussions of this change to the judiciary and to the legal culture in Portugal. En Portugal, el fenómeno de la feminización de las profesiones jurídicas es bastante reciente en comparación con otros países. Sin embargo, el creciente predominio de mujeres entre los magistrados -jueces y fiscales- desde el año 2006 ha sido abrumador. Si, hasta 1974, las mujeres tenían prohibido el acceso al poder judicial, en 2015, de un total de 1990 jueces en los tribunales de primera instancia, tribunales de apelación y la Corte Suprema de Justicia y el Tribunal Supremo Administrativo, 1175 eran mujeres (59%. Dentro de la fiscalía, el 61% eran mujeres. El peso de las mujeres en las profesiones jurídicas es visible, incluso, en el Centro de Estudios Judiciales, donde el 67,5% de los auditores de justicia, en 2014, eran mujeres. En este escenario, el objetivo de este artículo es analizar las representaciones de los profesionales del derecho sobre las consecuencias de este cambio en el poder judicial y en la cultura jurídica de Portugal. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2831939

  11. Judges in judo conform to the referee because of the reactive feedback system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boen, Filip; Ginis, Pieter; Smits, Tim

    2013-01-01

    This experiment tested whether the conformism observed among panels of judges in aesthetic sports also occurs among judges in judo. Similar to aesthetic sports, judo judging relies upon a form of open feedback. However, in judo, this system is reactive (i.e. two judges have to publicly 'correct' the score given by the higher-status referee), whereas it is active in aesthetic sports (i.e. judges with equal status report their score simultaneously and can use the feedback about the scores of their colleagues for evaluating later performances). In order to test whether such reactive open-feedback system leads to conformism among judges in judo, we designed an experiment in which this feedback was manipulated. Participants were 20 certified Flemish judges, who had to score two sets of 11 ambiguous video sequences that are used during formation and training of judo judges: one set with feedback about the referee's score and one set without feedback. The results revealed that when participants knew the referee's score, their scores were significantly more in line with this score than when they did not know this score. More specifically, for both sets of sequences at least 10% less deviations from the referee were observed when participants were given feedback about the score of the referee. These results suggest that preventable conformism can occur in typical judo judging, that is with reactive open feedback.

  12. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-08

    Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We aimed to provide updated HALE and DALYs for geographies worldwide and evaluate how disease burden changes with development. We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive HALE and DALYs by sex for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. We calculated DALYs by summing years of life lost (YLLs) and years of life lived with disability (YLDs) for each geography, age group, sex, and year. We estimated HALE using the Sullivan method, which draws from age-specific death rates and YLDs per capita. We then assessed how observed levels of DALYs and HALE differed from expected trends calculated with the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a composite indicator constructed from measures of income per capita, average years of schooling, and total fertility rate. Total global DALYs remained largely unchanged from 1990 to 2015, with decreases in communicable, neonatal, maternal, and nutritional (Group 1) disease DALYs offset by increased DALYs due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Much of this epidemiological transition was caused by changes in population growth and ageing, but it was accelerated by widespread improvements in SDI that also correlated strongly with the increasing importance of NCDs. Both total DALYs and age-standardised DALY rates due to most Group 1 causes significantly decreased by 2015, and although total burden climbed for the majority of NCDs, age-standardised DALY rates due to NCDs declined. Nonetheless, age-standardised DALY rates due to several high

  13. Health risks in perspective: Judging health risks of energy technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rowe, M.D.

    1992-09-18

    Almost daily, Americans receive reports from the mass news media about some new and frightening risk to health and welfare. Most such reports emphasize the newsworthiness of the risks -- the possibility of a crisis, disagreements among experts, how things happened, who is responsible for fixing them, how much will it cost, conflict among parties involved, etc. As a rule, the magnitudes of the risks, or the difficulty of estimating those magnitudes, have limited newsworthiness, and so they are not mentioned. Because of this emphasis in the news media, most people outside the risk assessment community must judge the relative significance of the various risks to which we all are exposed with only that information deemed newsworthy by reporters. This information is biased and shows risks in isolation. There is no basis for understanding and comparing the relative importance of risks among themselves, or for comparing one risk, perhaps a new or newly-discovered one, in the field of all risks. The purpose of this report is to provide perspective on the various risks to which we are routinely exposed. It serves as a basis for understanding the meaning of quantitative risk estimates and for comparing new or newly-discovered risks with other, better-understood risks. Specific emphasis is placed on health risks of energy technologies.

  14. The compulsion to confess and the compulsion to judge in the analytic situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fajrajzen, Stefano

    2014-10-01

    In this paper the author shows that human beings have two quasi-instinctual primitive tendencies - namely, the compulsion to confess and the compulsion to judge (to condemn or to absolve). These compulsions are originally unconscious and become conscious during the course of the analytic process. The compulsion to judge is a natural consequence of the compulsion to confess. These two tendencies are intensified by the analytic situation. The patient has a compulsion to confess to the analyst and to himself, and likewise the analyst has a compulsion to confess to himself and to the patient. The patient therefore has a compulsion to judge himself as good or bad and to judge the analyst as good or bad while, on the other hand, the analyst has a compulsion to judge himself as good or bad and to judge the patient as good or bad. The task of analysis is to make both patient and analyst conscious of their compulsions to confess and to judge (to condemn or to absolve). The compulsion to judge in the analyst, particularly if unconscious, may give rise to mistakes in diagnosis, technique, treatment, and the assessment of analysability. The requirement of analytic neutrality in the analyst constantly conflicts with his compulsion to judge. If we are profoundly involved in our patient's dramatic conflict, we are bound to pass a judgement (condemnation or absolution); however, when we judge, we are not neutral and therefore become incapable of intellectual consciousness of the patient's conflict. Conversely, if we do not judge, we are neutral, but are then relatively uninvolved in the patient's conflict and are hence virtually unable to achieve emotional consciousness. The author attempts to show that neutrality cannot and must not be a preconstituted attitude in the analyst, but can and must be a point of arrival following a profound, intensely felt existential experience based on an attitude of non-condemnation and non-absolution.

  15. 5 CFR 2423.31 - Powers and duties of the Administrative Law Judge at the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... review will cause undue harm to a party or the public. (2) If the motion is granted, the Judge or... Law Judge at the hearing. 2423.31 Section 2423.31 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY, GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY AND FEDERAL SERVICE IMPASSES PANEL...

  16. 76 FR 70529 - Designation of Administrative Judges and Delegation of Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-14

    ... Administrative Judges for all matters within the ODRA's jurisdiction and hereby delegate authority to the ODRA... Federal Aviation Administration Designation of Administrative Judges and Delegation of Authority AGENCY... matters within the ODRA's jurisdiction; and delegated authority to the ODRA that supersedes and replaces...

  17. 12 CFR 747.5 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge. 747... UNIONS ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS, ADJUDICATIVE HEARINGS, RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE, AND INVESTIGATIONS Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 747.5 Authority of the administrative law judge. (a)...

  18. 20 CFR 498.204 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge..., ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS § 498.204 Authority of the administrative law judge. (a) The ALJ will... proceeding is made. (b) The ALJ has the authority to: (1) Set and change the date, time, and place of...

  19. 33 CFR 148.236 - What authority does an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) have?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Formal Hearings § 148.236 What authority does an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) have? When assigned to a... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What authority does an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) have? 148.236 Section 148.236 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST...

  20. 12 CFR 308.5 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge. 308... PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 308.5 Authority of the administrative law judge. (a) General rule. All proceedings governed by this part shall be conducted...

  1. 42 CFR 93.506 - Authority of the Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority of the Administrative Law Judge. 93.506... Administrative Actions Hearing Process § 93.506 Authority of the Administrative Law Judge. (a) The ALJ assigned... Federal statutes and regulations, Secretarial delegations of authority, and applicable HHS policies...

  2. 5 CFR 2430.13 - Exceptions to Administrative Law Judge's decision; briefs; action of Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exceptions to Administrative Law Judge's decision; briefs; action of Authority. 2430.13 Section 2430.13 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL LABOR... administrative law judge's decision rendered pursuant to § 2430.12, and action by the Authority, shall be...

  3. 14 CFR 302.208 - Petitions for oral presentation or judge's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Petitions for oral presentation or judge's... TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS Rules Applicable to... Applications § 302.208 Petitions for oral presentation or judge's decision. (a) Any person may file a...

  4. Judging Children's Participatory Parity from Social Justice and the Political Ethics of Care Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozalek, Vivienne

    2011-01-01

    This article proposes a model for judging children's participatory parity in different social spaces. The notion of participatory parity originates in Nancy Fraser's normative theory for social justice, where it concerns the participatory status of adults. What, then, constitutes participatory parity for children? How should we judge the extent to…

  5. 29 CFR 2570.68 - Decision of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision of the administrative law judge. 2570.68 Section 2570.68 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION... Civil Penalties Under ERISA Section 502(c)(2) § 2570.68 Decision of the administrative law judge....

  6. So You're Planning a Science Fair: Comments from a Judge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riechard, Donald E.

    1976-01-01

    After judging and evaluating four science fairs during a two week period, the author moved to put down some thoughts and suggestions. His comments fell into three major categories: 1) purposes of science fairs, 2) types of science fair projects, and 3) judging the projects. (Author/RK)

  7. Who decides? The decision-making process of juvenile judges concerning minors with mental disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappon, Leen

    2016-01-01

    Previous research on juvenile judges' decision-making process has neglected the role of the different actors involved in judicial procedures. The decision can be considered as a result of information exchange between the different actors involved. The process of making a decision is equally important as the decision itself, especially when the decision considers minors with mental disorders. The presence and the type of interaction determine the information available to the juvenile judges to make their final decision. The overall aim of this study is to gain insight into the role of all actors, including the juvenile judge, in the juvenile judge's decision-making process in cases relating to minors with mental disorders. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with professional actors (n=32), minors (n=31) and parents (n=17). The findings indicated that the judge's decision is overall the result of an interaction between the juvenile judge, the social services investigator and the youth psychiatrist. The other professional actors, the minors and the parents had only a limited role in the decision-making process. The research concludes that the judge's decision-making process should be based on dialogue, and requires enhanced collaboration between the juvenile court and youth psychiatrists from mental health services. Future decision-making research should pay more attention to the interactions of the actors that guide a juvenile judge's decision.

  8. Judging Children's Participatory Parity from Social Justice and the Political Ethics of Care Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozalek, Vivienne

    2011-01-01

    This article proposes a model for judging children's participatory parity in different social spaces. The notion of participatory parity originates in Nancy Fraser's normative theory for social justice, where it concerns the participatory status of adults. What, then, constitutes participatory parity for children? How should we judge the extent to…

  9. 31 CFR 501.742 - Secretary's designee's consideration of decisions by Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....742 Secretary's designee's consideration of decisions by Administrative Law Judges. (a) Scope of... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Secretary's designee's consideration of decisions by Administrative Law Judges. 501.742 Section 501.742 Money and Finance:...

  10. A Semi-Parametric Bayesian Mixture Modeling Approach for the Analysis of Judge Mediated Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muckle, Timothy Joseph

    2010-01-01

    Existing methods for the analysis of ordinal-level data arising from judge ratings, such as the Multi-Facet Rasch model (MFRM, or the so-called Facets model) have been widely used in assessment in order to render fair examinee ability estimates in situations where the judges vary in their behavior or severity. However, this model makes certain…

  11. An economic approach on countering the misuse of the right to challenge judges : an experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sonnemans, Joep; van Dijk, Frans; Donders, Bart; Bauw, Eddy

    2016-01-01

    Parties can challenge a judge (request a recusal) when they have reasons to believe that a judge is not impartial. In practice this procedure is sometimes abused by lawyers who, for example, want to delay proceedings. Countries have taken different measures to deter the improper use of the procedure

  12. 28 CFR 68.52 - Final order of the Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Judge's consideration, the filing party shall submit to the Administrative Law Judge a copy of the... occurred on or after March 15, 1999. In determining the amount of the penalty, due consideration shall be... substantially justified or special circumstances make the award unjust. (d) Contents of final order with...

  13. 5 CFR 2423.24 - Powers and duties of the Administrative Law Judge during prehearing proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Powers and duties of the Administrative Law Judge during prehearing proceedings. 2423.24 Section 2423.24 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL... Administrative Law Judge shall regulate the course and scheduling of prehearing matters, including...

  14. Effect of User’s Judging Power on the Recommendation Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Yu Mao

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In most B2Cs, such as 5-star Amazon, users’ rating capability is nonhomogeneous, which make it necessary to distinguish different users' profiles. Besides, recommender systems sometimes overlook differences among users’ judging power and simply recommend for the target users based on the preferences of his/her neighbors, leading to unsatisfactory recommendation performances. In this paper, we firstly propose a natural extension of the YZLM algorithm to get users’ judging power. Then we equally divide the users into some groups so that the intra-group users have close judging power. Through experiments on three benchmark datasets, namely MovieLens, Netflix and Amazon, we can find the interesting phenomenon which indicates a positive correlation between groups’ judging power and group’s recommendation performance. By analyzing this phenomenon in detail, we put forward some guidance to improve recommendation algorithm according to different users' judging power.

  15. Organic geochemical investigations of the Dali Lake sediments in northern China: Implications for environment and climate changes of the last deglaciation in the East Asian summer monsoon margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Jiawei; Xiao, Jule; Wen, Ruilin; Zhang, Shengrui; Wang, Xu; Cui, Linlin; Yamagata, Hideki

    2017-06-01

    Millennial-scale environment and climate changes in the East Asian summer monsoon margin during the last deglaciation are reconstructed by systematic studies on the characteristic of sedimentary organic matter from Dali Lake in northern China. Concurrent increases in the TOC and TN concentrations indicate increases in terrestrial organic matter and nutrient inputs to the lake and a development of terrestrial vegetation and phytoplankton productivity related to increases in regional temperature and precipitation. C/N ratios reflect changes in the proportions of terrestrial and aquatic organic matter. Decreases in both δ13Corg and δ15N values indicate increases in the isotopically lighter, terrestrial carbon and nitrogen inputs to the lake, due to increases in surface runoffs; while a sharp decrease in the δ15N value implies a significant weakening in the biological activities of nitrifying and amonifying bacteria, due to abrupt decrease in the water temperature. The geochemical data indicate that regional temperature and precipitation exhibited increasing trends from 15,000 to 12,350 cal yr BP; temperature decreased abruptly at 12,350 cal yr BP and then maintained a low level from 12,350 to 11,400 cal yr BP, precipitation decreased to a relatively low level from 12,350 to 11,400 cal yr BP; and both temperature and precipitation returned to increase after 11,400 cal yr BP. The climate change in the Dali Lake region during the last deglaciation corresponds, within age uncertainties, to the Bølling-Allerød (BA) warm phase and Younger Dryas (YD) cold reversal occurring over northern high latitudes. However, the gradual and mild increasing trends of regional temperature and precipitation during the BA warm period contrasts with the general cooling trend in northern high latitude temperature, implying a dominant influence from increases in the Northern Hemisphere summer insolation; while the slight decreases in regional precipitation relative to the rapid and

  16. The influence of cost-per-DALY information in health prioritisation and desirable features for a registry: a survey of health policy experts in Vietnam, India and Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teerawattananon, Yot; Tantivess, Sripen; Yamabhai, Inthira; Tritasavit, Nattha; Walker, Damian G; Cohen, Joshua T; Neumann, Peter J

    2016-12-03

    Economic evaluation has been implemented to inform policy in many areas, including coverage decisions, technology pricing, and the development of clinical practice guidelines. However, there are barriers to evidence-based policy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that include limited stakeholder awareness, resources and data availability, as well as the lack of capacity to conduct country-specific economic evaluations. This study aims to survey health policy experts' opinions on barriers to use of cost-effectiveness data in these settings and to obtain their advice on how to make a new cost-per-DALY database being developed by Tufts Medical Center more relevant to LMICs. It also identifies the factors influencing transferability. In-depth interviews were conducted with 32 participants, including policymakers, technical advisors, and researchers in Health Ministries, universities and non-governmental organisations in Bangladesh, India (New Delhi, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka) and Vietnam. The survey revealed that, in all settings, the use of cost-effectiveness information in policy development is lacking, owing to limited knowledge among policymakers and inadequate human resources with health economics expertise in the government sector. Furthermore, researchers in universities do not have close connections with health authorities. In India and Vietnam, the demand for evidence to inform coverage decisions tends to increase as the countries are moving towards universal health coverage. The informants in all countries argue that cost-effectiveness data are useful for decision-makers; however, most of them do not perform data searches by themselves but rely on the information provided by the technical advisor counterparts. Most interviewees were familiar with using evidence from other countries and were also aware of the influences of contextual elements as a limitation of transferability. Finally, strategies to promote the newly developed database include

  17. Situation, Problems and Countermeasures of the Education of MBBS International Students from South Asia in Dali University%大理大学南亚医学留学生教育现状、问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 刘明; 张如梅; 杨颖; 胡吉富

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, the education of MBBS international students from South Asia in Dali University has achieved a great success, but there are remaining problems and difficulties in training mode, curriculum setting and faculty. Based on the actual situation of Dali University, it's suggested to push forward the education for South Asia students with constructing scientific and reasonable professional training mode as the starting point.%近年来,大理大学南亚医学留学生教育成效显著,但在培养模式、课程设置及师资力量等方面还存在问题和困难,应当结合学校实际,以构建科学合理的人才培养模式入手,推进南亚留学生教育。

  18. Judges' views of child sexual abuse: evaluating beliefs against research findings in a Finnish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkman, Julia; Svanbäck, Jatta; Finnilä, Katarina; Santtila, Pekka

    2014-10-01

    Beliefs impact our decision-making and different professionals have been shown to have beliefs about child sexual abuse (CSA) that do not coincide with scientific findings. In the present study, judges' beliefs regarding CSA were explored. Finnish judges (N = 104) answered a questionnaire about CSA related issues as well as questions regarding their professional experience of CSA cases. The judges held both correct and incorrect beliefs; while their CSA prevalence estimates were rather well in line with research findings, half of the participants estimated that no professionals use suggestive methods when interviewing children and more than 40% thought suggestive methods can be useful when trying to get a child to tell about real events. Judges correctly assumed symptoms cannot be used to assess a CSA case, however, the majority thought play observations were appropriate means for evaluating such suspicions. Experience seemed to lead to more confidence in their own expertise but not in an actual increase in knowledge, namely, judges thought themselves more expert when more experienced although their expertise as measured by the questionnaire did not improve. Overall, the judges had both correct and erroneous beliefs but while experience did not improve the situation, gaining information about CSA did. More research about the beliefs of judges and how such beliefs impact legal decision-making is needed.

  19. 大理州芭蕉芋种植和产业化发展的可行性及对策%Canna edulia and Its Industralization in Dali State of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段彦君; 段忠; 张梅芳; 周杉

    2012-01-01

    简述云南大理州芭蕉芋种植历史、现状,分析芭蕉芋产业化发展的可行性,提出发展对策。%In this paper, current state of Canna edulis Ker in Dali of Yunnan Province was described briefly. As a kind of cash crop, its feasibility study has been reported. The developmental countermeasure is not yet completed.

  20. ISOLATION AND PURIFICATION OF POLYSACCHARIDES FROM DALI LILIUM BROWNIE AND THEIR PROPERTIES%大理百合多糖的提取、纯化及性质研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静华; 万顺康; 张翠香

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To study the polysaccharides from Dali Lilium brownie. [Methods] The refined polysaccharide was fractioned by Sephadex G-200 gel filtration , appropriate fractions were pooled and then CAM electrophoresis and ultaviolet spectrum were applied for further analysis. Thin-layer chromatography was performed to identification monosaccharides of Dali Lilium brownie's polysaccharides. [ Results] After Sephadex G-200 chromatography and CAM electrophoresis, two components of polysaccharides were identified. Furthennore, our experiments also demonstrated that glucose was the major component of polysaccharides of Dali Lilium brownie by thin-layer chromatography assay, maybe involve few Ara. [Conclusion] There are two kinds of polysaccharides in the Dali Lilium brownie's polysaccharides, and the glucose is major component in it. Meanwhde, the identification of other monosaccharides further study is needed.%[目的] 研究从大理百合中提取得到的多糖组分.[方法] 用Sephadex G-200凝胶柱层析、乙酸纤维薄膜电泳和紫外光谱分析精制百合多糖的组分,用薄层层析法分析百合多糖的单糖组成,并对百合多糖进行理化性质测定.[结果] Sephade G-200凝胶柱层析和乙酸纤维薄膜电泳分析显示百合多糖中含有两种多糖组分,薄层层析显示百合多糖的单糖组成主要以葡萄糖为主,可能含有少量的阿拉伯糖.[结论] 本研究百合多糖中存在两种多糖组分,并且主要由葡萄糖组成,是否含有其他单糖还有待进一步研究.

  1. 勤于学习重在实践共筑大理大学梦%Diligence and Practice Build Dali University Dream

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨荣新

    2014-01-01

    习近平总书记发表的一系列讲话为我们提供了行动指南,我们要深入贯彻习总书记的讲话和党的十八届三中全会精神,继续落实国家中长期教育规划纲要,以对口帮扶工作为落脚点,不断完善上下联动、各方协同创新的推进机制,实现大理大学梦。%A series of speech of the General Secretary Xi Jinping provide guidelines to us,we must thoroughly implement the spirits of the speech and the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist,continue to implement the national long-term education planning outline. The whole college should start from the policy of "counterpart-assistance",constantly improve the unified action,as well as the coordination and innovation,to actualize the Dali University dream.

  2. Analysis on Political Ethics of Nanzhao-Dali Kingdom%南诏大理国政治伦理思想析理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷信来; 李大卫

    2015-01-01

    The political ethics of Nanzhao-Dali Kingdom is a part of Chinese traditional ethical thoughts. Its formation is based on the development of economy, ideology, culture, science and technology. It mainly consists of the argumentation of kingship, the combination of Confucianism and Buddhism, the concept of solidifying power, ruling the country by virtue, loving people and treating neighbors kindly, and connecting different countries through marriage. Being inclusive and open, laying stress on reality, and having national identity are its special features.%南诏大理国政治伦理思想是中华传统伦理思想史的一部分,它的形成奠基于经济生活、思想文化和科学技术发展的基础之上,它的主要内容包括王权论证、儒释结合、固权观念、德化治国、亲仁善邻及内外联姻,其鲜明特征是包容开放性、经世致用性和国家认同性.

  3. A Method for Judging Decay or Growth of the Magnetic Field of Pulsar

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lin-Sen Li

    2009-09-01

    This paper provides a method for judging growth or decay of the magnetic field of pulsar by using pulse period , or frequency , and its first and second derivatives $\\dot{P}$, $\\ddot{P}$ or $\\dot{v}$, $\\ddot{v}$. The author uses this method to judge the growth or decay of the magnetic field of Crab pulsar. The judged result for Crab pulsar is that the magnetic field of Crab pulsar is growing now, but it is not decaying. The result corresponds with the actual case of Crab pulsar.

  4. "Am I Famous Yet?" Judging Scholarly Merit in Psychological Science: An Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J

    2016-11-01

    The purpose of this symposium is to consider new ways of judging merit in academia, especially with respect to research in psychological science. First, I discuss the importance of merit-based evaluation and the purpose of this symposium. Next, I review some previous ideas about judging merit-especially creative merit-and I describe some of the main criteria used by institutions today for judging the quality of research in psychological science. Finally, I suggest a new criterion that institutions and individuals might use and draw some conclusions. © The Author(s) 2016.

  5. Strategy to Build Eco-industrial Park in Dali and Model Selection%建设大理州生态工业园区的策略与模式选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨运星

    2011-01-01

    工业园区是大理州实施"工业强州"战略的重要平台和载体,生态工业园区建设是大理州推进新型工业化、实现新时期工业园区健康快速发展的必然选择.本文以云南省,大理州有关文件精神为指导,在分析研究有关动态现状的基础上,提出了大理州生态工业园区建设的策略与模式建议.%The industrial park is the important platform and vehicle to implement "industrial strength state" strategy in Dali, and the eeo-industrial park is the inevitable choice to promote new industrialization and realize the healthy and rapid development of the industrial park of Dali. This paper lakes the spirit of related document of Yunnan Province, Dali Prefecture as a guide, proposes strategy and model recommendations of eeo-industrial park construction, based on the study of dynamic situation.

  6. DALI: Defining Antibiotic Levels in Intensive care unit patients: a multi-centre point of prevalence study to determine whether contemporary antibiotic dosing for critically ill patients is therapeutic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberts Jason A

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The clinical effects of varying pharmacokinetic exposures of antibiotics (antibacterials and antifungals on outcome in infected critically ill patients are poorly described. A large-scale multi-centre study (DALI Study is currently underway describing the clinical outcomes of patients achieving pre-defined antibiotic exposures. This report describes the protocol. Methods DALI will recruit over 500 patients administered a wide range of either beta-lactam or glycopeptide antibiotics or triazole or echinocandin antifungals in a pharmacokinetic point-prevalence study. It is anticipated that over 60 European intensive care units (ICUs will participate. The primary aim will be to determine whether contemporary antibiotic dosing for critically ill patients achieves plasma concentrations associated with maximal activity. Secondary aims will compare antibiotic pharmacokinetic exposures with patient outcome and will describe the population pharmacokinetics of the antibiotics included. Various subgroup analyses will be conducted to determine patient groups that may be at risk of very low or very high concentrations of antibiotics. Discussion The DALI study should inform clinicians of the potential clinical advantages of achieving certain antibiotic pharmacokinetic exposures in infected critically ill patients.

  7. 白族家谱有关南诏大理国“名家大姓”史料探析%Study on Historical Data of"Famous Families"in Bai's Genealogies in Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊伟

    2015-01-01

    〔Abstract〕This article lists the historical data of Bai's "famous families" in historical records from Tang Dynasty, introduces the historical data of famous families in Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom in Bai's genealogies, and studies on the surname source, name custom, officials and female figures. Historical data of Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom's "famous families" recorded in Bai's genealogies has important historical value. It does not only supplement limited historical data of Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom but also provides new historical data for the study of history of nationalities in southwest of China.%通过对唐以来诸史籍之白族“名家大姓”史料梳理,介绍白族家谱所载南诏大理国“名家大姓”史料,并对其姓氏来源、取名习俗、职官、女性人物等内容进行探析,认为白族家谱所载南诏大理国“名家大姓”史料不仅可弥补南诏、大理国史料记载的不足,也为西南民族史研究提供新的史料,具有重要的史料价值。

  8. The Accuracy with Which Children Judge the Composition of Their Free Recall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroe, Elizabeth Kelly; Lange, Garrett

    1977-01-01

    Twenty-four children at each of 3 grade levels (preschool, 2, and 5) were asked to judge which of a presented set of stimulus items they could recall in a subsequent period of verbal free recall. (Author/JMB)

  9. 29 CFR 1979.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., reinstatement of the complainant to that person's former position, together with the compensation (including... brought in bad faith, the judge may award to the named person a reasonable attorney's fee, not...

  10. 29 CFR 1980.109 - Decision and orders of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... that person's former position with the seniority status that the complainant would have had but for the... brought in bad faith, the judge may award to the named person a reasonable attorney's fee, not...

  11. 76 FR 60806 - Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Panel of Judges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... the fields of quality, innovation, and performance management and appointed by the Secretary of... & Industry Services. BILLING CODE 3510-13-P ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Panel of Judges...

  12. A Conversation with his Honour Chief Judge Michael Rozenes AO County Court of Victoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Rozenes

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available VULJ Editors and invited students interviewed the Chief Judge of the County Court of Victoria, His Honour Michael Rozenes AO QC, on Tuesday 19 August 2014 at the College of Law & Justice, Victoria University.

  13. 28 CFR 68.53 - Review of an interlocutory order of an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274A or 274C. 68.53 Section 68.53 Judicial Administration... ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION... Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274A or 274C. (a) Authority. In a case arising under...

  14. 29 CFR 102.45 - Administrative law judge's decision; contents; service; transfer of case to the Board; contents...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and Transfer of Case to the Board § 102.45 Administrative law judge's decision; contents; service... administrative law judge's decision and of the order transferring the case to the Board shall be complete upon... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative law judge's decision; contents; service...

  15. 29 CFR 102.153 - Administrative law judge's decision; contents; service; transfer of case to the Board; contents...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Expenses § 102.153 Administrative law judge's decision; contents; service; transfer of case to the Board... administrative law judge's decision and of the order transferring the case to the Board shall be complete upon... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative law judge's decision; contents; service...

  16. 28 CFR 68.54 - Administrative review of a final order of an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274A or 274C. 68.54 Section 68.54 Judicial... BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR... an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274A or 274C. (a) Authority of the Chief...

  17. 20 CFR 416.1448 - Deciding a case without an oral hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... § 416.1448 Deciding a case without an oral hearing before an administrative law judge. (a) Decision... the administrative law judge must be based on this record. (c) Case remanded for a revised determination. (1) The administrative law judge may remand a case to the appropriate component of our office for...

  18. 20 CFR 404.948 - Deciding a case without an oral hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....948 Deciding a case without an oral hearing before an administrative law judge. (a) Decision wholly... is based. (b) Parties do not wish to appear. (1) The administrative law judge may decide a case on... the administrative law judge must be based on this record. (c) Case remanded for a revised...

  19. Disciplinary Responsibility Of Judges And Judicial Employees In England And Wales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yury M. Filippov

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the topical issues of the judges and judicial employees’ disciplinary responsibility in England and Wales after the adoption of the Constitutional Reform Act and creation of the new disciplinary bodies. Present article contains a short analysis of the mechanism of professional and ethical standards among judges and magistrates of England and Wales maintenance, possible conflict of interests settlement and questions of conduct in the need of disciplinary trial. Author consider features of the lord powers - chancellor in the questions of bringing judges and magistrates to the disciplinary responsibility, interaction of the Lord Chancellor with the Lord - Supreme Judge and the Ministry of Justice in the questions of the disciplinary investigations organization and conduct. At the same time author considers an aspect that responsibility before the civil society has an informal character and doesn't assume carrying out any trial. At the same time possibility of judge's and court's employees behavior discussion by public organizations and associations and also in press is a usual practice. In the conclusion author notes that to the number of features of English model of the disciplinary responsibility of judges and judicial employees it is necessary to include active participation of public authorities in the process of trial on the complaints in regard to actions of judges and judicial employees (Ministry of Justice is authorized to conduct such trials, the dual legal nature of such decision on the complaint which is taken out not only on behalf of the judicial community, but also a name of the Lord Chancellor appointed by the Parliament, general procedure of the judge's and worker's of courts, and also coroners accountability.

  20. The fan-judges: Clues to a jurisculture of Sherlockian fandom [symposium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ross E. Davies

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available American judges sometimes encourage other participants in the legal system to behave like Sherlock Holmes. They are relying on a shared culture that both appreciates a literary figure and recognizes a human capacity to emulate an imaginary creature (here, Sherlock outside the context in which it was created. Consciously or not, the judges are tapping into classic fandom, but do they think of it that way, and should they?

  1. 大理白语中词汇重叠形式的探究%An Inquiry of Reduplication of Words in Dali's Bai Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雅

    2015-01-01

    在汉语中,重叠形式的存在和准确运用使得汉语的表达更加生动和形象,白语中同样存在重叠形式,并且在白语的语言表达中起着重要的作用.从白语民歌、白语对联、白语日常对话中,收集、整理相关的语料,对白语中的重叠形式进行分析和总结.揭示出白语词汇的重叠形式独特的魅力所在.%Bai language, used by Bai minority which live in borderland of Southwest China, belongs to a branch of Tibeto-Burman. It has a very long history of development, and sustains the Bai people's strong national feelings. And it is also an important carrier of Bai's literature and art. In Chinese, the ex-istence of the configuration method of reduplication forms and the exact use of them make language more vivid and imaginative. Bai language also has this type of reduplication forms, and it plays an important role in Bai's language expression. This article analyzes and summarizes of the reduplication forms of Bai lan-guage through the way of collecting and sorting out the relevant examples from the folk songs, Bai language couplet and Bai's daily conversation. In this paper, the pronunciation is the sound of Dali Bai Minority Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province.

  2. Clinical analysis on 8 cases of brucellosis in Dali%大理地区布鲁氏菌病8例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国丽; 苏慧勇; 杨磊

    2014-01-01

    布鲁氏菌病是布鲁菌(Brucella)所引起动物源性传染病,临床以长期发热、多汗、乏力、关节疼痛、肝脾及淋巴结肿大为特点.该病流行广泛且出现了新的趋势,即从牧区向半农半牧区、农区及城市蔓延.该文对2012-2013年云南省大理州人民医院收治的来自大理地区的8例布鲁杆氏菌病患者的流行病学、临床表现、诊断、治疗和预防等资料进行回顾性分析.%Brucellosis is a animal-originated infectious disease caused by Brucella with the clinical features of long term fever,sweating,weakness,joint pain,and swelling liver,spleen and limphnodes etc..The disease is spreading widely and increasing year by year.The new tendency of the epidemic of the disease is spreading from the pasturing areas to the farming-pasturing areas,farming areas and even cities.This paper retrospectively analyzed the epidemiology,clinical manifestation,diagnosis,treatment,and prevention of 8 cases with brucellosis admitted to the Dali Prefecture of People's Hospital,Yunnan Province from 2012 to 2013.

  3. Terrestrial gamma dose rate, radioactivity and radiological hazards in the rocks of an elevated radiation background in Juban District, Ad Dali' Governorate, Yemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdurabu, Wedad Ali; Ramli, Ahmad Termizi; Saleh, Muneer Aziz; Heryansyah, Arien; Alnhary, Anees; Fadhl, Shadi

    2016-03-01

    This study aims to evaluate natural radiation and radioactivity in the rock and to assess the corresponding health risk in a region of elevated background radiation in Juban District, Ad Dali' Governorate, Yemen. The mean external gamma dose rate was 374 nGy h(-1) which is approximately six times the world average. The measured results were used to compute annual effective dose equivalent, collective effective dose and excess lifetime cancer risk, which are 2.298 mSv, 61.95 man Sv y(-1) and 8.043  ×  10(-3), respectively. Rocks samples from different geological formations were analyzed for quantitative determination of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K. The specific activity of the rocks samples ranges from 7  ±  1 Bq Kg(-1) to 12 513  ±  329 Bq Kg(-1) for (232)Th, from 6  ±  1 Bq kg(-1) to 3089  ±  74 Bq kg(-1) for (226)Ra and 702  ±  69 Bq kg(-1) to 2954  ±  285 Bq kg(-1) for (40)K. (232)Th is the main contributor to gamma dose rate from the rock samples. Indicators of radiological health impact, radium equivalent activity and external hazard index are 3738 Bq kg(-1) and 10.10, respectively. The mean external hazard index was ten times unity in the studied locations in Juban District, which is higher than the recommended value.

  4. [Landscape pattern changes at village scale using high resolution satellite images: A case study in low-slope hilly area of Dali City, Northwestern Yunnan Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ming-yue; Peng, Jian; Liu, Yan-xu; Zhang, Tian

    2015-12-01

    Human activity is the main driving force of the change of land cover and landscape patterns. However, there are few studies focusing on the mechanism of human-induced change of land cover and landscape patterns at village scale. In this study, taking low-slope hilly area of Dali City, Northwestern Yunnan Province as a case study area, high resolution satellite images were introduced to find out the rules of land cover and landscape pattern changes, i.e. GeoEye-1 of 2009 and World- View-3 of 2014. The object-oriented and human-computer-interaction approaches were applied to interpret the images using ArcGIS 10.2 and ENVI 5.2. The results showed that, the main land cover types in the study area were forest land, paddy field and dry land in 2009, with forest, bulldozed unbuilt ground and paddy field in 2014, accounting for 82.8% and 70.9% of the total area, respectively. The land cover transition showed that, during 2009-2014, the main land cover change flows were from forest land, paddy field and dry land, to bulldozed unbuilt ground and construction land. Furthermore, the area of bulldozed but unbuilt land had increased to be 531.57 hm² in 2014, which mainly came from forest land (42.8%), dry land (21.7%), and paddy field (14.2%). Landscape pattern change was characterized as the increase of patch quantity and density, the decrease of mean patch size, the complication of patch shape, the fragmentation of landscape patches, and the diversification of landscape patterns.

  5. Screening of high-arsenic water resources in Dali Prefecture, Yunnan%云南省大理州高砷水源筛查结果报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈白云; 罗剑龙; 罗华; 马雪梅; 王磊

    2009-01-01

    Objective To find out the distribution characteristics of drinking water with high arsenic in Dali Prefecture, Yunnan. Methods General investigation plus sampling survey was adopted in the city of Dali and 11 counties. The arsenic content in water was tested by half-quantitative fast reagent-box method. The water samples exceeding the standard(≥0.03 mg/L) were re-tested by silver diethyldithiocarbamate eolorimetric method or mercury-atomic fluorescence spectrometric method. Population and children exposed by high-arsenic were statistically analyzed. Results Arsenic content in 15 180 samples from 2639 villages are screened, of which 14 976 samples were less than 0.01 mg/L, reaching 98.66% (14 976/15 180); 110 samples was no less than 0.05 mg/L, only accounting for 0.72%(110/15 180). Water sources with excessive arsenic was found in 29 villages, in a percentage of 1.1% of all covered villages(29/2639). The samples were constituted of 10 399 portions of well water(well was less than 10 m deep), 3903 from spring, 93 from river water, 69 from hot spring water, 26 from reservoir water and 690 from surface water. And for the samples which arsenic content were ≥0.05 mg/L, 89 samples(0.86%, 89/10 399) were from well water, 15 from spring water(0.38%, 15/3903) and 6 from spring water(8.70%, 6/69). A total of 1 561 553 individuals were investigated, in a percentage of 67.83%(1 561 553/2 302 156) of the whole population, among those 420 513 were children, rating 26.93% of the investigated population(420 513/1 561 553); 27 865 were exposed to arsenic, accounting for 1.78% of the investigated population 27 865/1 561 553; 8993 children were exposed, rating 2.14% of the investigated population(8993/420 513). Conclusions There exists high-arsenic water resources in Dali Prefecture, Yunan, so the local inhabitants are in the danger of high-arsenic exposure. Urgent attention shall be paid for the endemic arsenic including investigation, prevention and control.%目的 了解云

  6. Congress, Ex Parte Young, and the Fate of the Three-Judge District Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael E. Solimine

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1908 the Supreme Court held in Ex parte Young that a federal judge could enjoin a state attorney general from enforcing an unconstitutional state statute, notwithstanding sovereign immunity doctrines, which would normally bar such relief. The case was sharply criticized at the time as another example of an activist federal judiciary striking down Progressive Era regulatory legislation. Congress enacted legislation requiring that Ex parte Young injunctions only be issued by a specially convened three-judge district court. Despite the initial hostility, as has been recounted by Owen Fiss, William Ross, and other scholars, the injunctive power recognized in the case came to be regarded as a powerful and necessary tool to enforce federal civil rights laws, especially in the face of recalcitrant state authorities. In contrast, the history of the three-judge district court has received less attention and has had a different arc. During the Civil Rights era, some federal judges, particularly in the Deep South, were perceived as being hostile to the enforcement of federal law, and a three-judge court was considered by many to be a necessary tool to marginalize such judges and optimize enforcement of federal legal norms. The federal judiciary itself later questioned the court’s usefulness due to the administrative burdens of convening such courts, and the perception that their role in enforcing federal law was no longer necessary. Responding to those concerns, and over the opposition of the NAACP, Congress in 1976 sharply restricted the jurisdictional coverage of the court. The changes in the three-judge district court demonstrate the importance of appreciating the motivations and effects of Congressional regulation of the institutional structures of the federal courts and that of interest groups in influencing Congress.

  7. Judging a Book by Its Cover: Children's Facial Trustworthiness as Judged by Strangers Predicts Their Real-World Trustworthiness and Peer Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qinggong; Heyman, Gail D; Mei, Jing; Lee, Kang

    2017-08-03

    This longitudinal research examined whether children's facial trustworthiness as judged by strangers can predict their real-world trustworthiness and peer acceptance. Adults (Study 1) and children (Study 2) judged the facial trustworthiness of 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 100) solely based on their photographs. The children's classmates were asked to report their real-world trustworthiness and peer acceptance. Children's facial trustworthiness reliably predicted these outcomes both initially when the photographs were taken, as well as 1 year later, and this effect was mediated by the initial ratings of real-world trustworthiness and peer acceptance. These results provide evidence for a long-lasting linkage between children's facial and real-world trustworthiness. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  8. Is the Quality of Judging in Women Artistic Gymnastics Equivalent at Major Competitions of Different Levels?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajek, Maja Bučar; Čuk, Ivan; Pajek, Jernej; Kovač, Marjeta; Leskošek, Bojan

    In the present study, the reliability and validity of judging at the European championship in Berlin 2011 were analysed and the results were compared to a different level gymnastic competition – Universiade 2009 in Belgrade. For reliability and consistency assessment, mean absolute judge deviation from final execution score, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, intra-class correlations (ICC) and Armor’s theta coefficient were calculated. For validity assessment mean deviations of judges’ scores, Kendall’s coefficient of concordance W and ANOVA eta-squared values were used. For Berlin 2011 in general Cronbach’s alpha was above 0.95, minima of item-total correlations were above 0.8, and the ICC of average scores and Armor’s theta were above 0.94. Comparison with Universiade 2009 identified vault and floor scores at both competitions to have inferior reliability indices. At both competitions average deviations of judges from the final E score were close to zero (p=0.84) but Berlin 2011 competition showed a higher number of apparatuses with significant Kendall’s W (5 vs. 2 for Universiade 2009) and higher eta-squared values indicating higher judge panel bias in all-round and apparatus finals. In conclusion, the quality of judging was comparable at examined gymnastics competitions of different levels. Further work must be done to analyse the inferior results at vault and floor apparatuses. PMID:24146718

  9. Procedural justice and the judge-probationer relationship in a co-occurring disorders court.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Myesa Knox

    2014-01-01

    Although a considerable amount of research has been conducted on treatment-based courts, there is little quantitative evidence that describes the relationship between the judge and the probationer. The present study examines perceptions of the judge-probationer relationship (JPR), procedural justice, and outcome satisfaction within a co-occurring disorders court (CODC) in Orange County, California. Based on interview and survey data from a sample of probationers within the CODC (n=24), this article argues that perceptions of procedural justice are linked to perceptions of relationship quality between the judge and probationer. Analysis of the data found that probationers in the CODC have very positive views of their relationships with the judge, and elements of relationship quality are significantly linked with perceptions of procedural justice. Procedural justice is also a predictor of satisfaction with outcome in this sample. The results show promise that procedural justice and the quality of the judge-probationer relationship can positively affect probationers with co-occurring disorders in specialty courts.

  10. A Study on Judges and Prosecutors’ Information Behavior for Legal Resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-miin Lin

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to understand judges and prosecutor’s information behavior, i.e., their information needs, seeking, and using of legal resources. Methods of questionnaire, interview, observation, and content analysis of legal forums were adopted to collect quantitative and qualitative data. The result shows that legal resources are mainly to support judges and prosecutors when conducting justice and criminal investigation, and they are mostly interested in the information being able to solve practical legal problems. The study also found 13 important characteristics of their seeking behaviors. Suggestions for improvement in publication of legal resources, legal information services, legal information system design, and law education are also provided. Finally, the study proposed an information behavior model of judges and prosecutors, which may benefit future related research. [Article Content in Chinese

  11. Let’s Talk About Same Sex: How Social Workers Can Make Judges Listen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie K. Boys

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Researchers have created a diverse toolbox of literature reporting that same sex cohabitating relationships are strikingly similar to heterosexual marriages in amicus curiae briefs submitted to the courts. However, judges are trained to fit information into legal frameworks and to ignore data that does not fit the rhetoric of a case. The following article aims to fit existing data on same sex relationships into the framework judges will use to decide whether same sex marriage can be prohibited. The primary precedent used to support same sex marriage is based on the analogy of a case prohibiting marriage discrimination based on race. The legal framework created by this case requires social work policy practitioners to frame research in terms of the evolution that has occurred in scientific understanding of same sex attraction and public opinion. A simple shift in the discourse used to frame the data can significantly impact whether judges listen.

  12. 大理州外科护士专业自我概念的现状分析%Status Analysis of Professional Self-concept of Surgical Nurses in Dali Prefecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵媛; 和晓凤; 夏琳娟

    2016-01-01

    〔Abstract〕Objective:To investigate the current status of professional self-concept of surgical nurses in Dali prefecture. Methods:Through convenient sampling, a self-madequestionnaire and the Chinese version of professional self-concept of nurses instrument (PSCNI)were used to survey 240 surgical nurses in one comprehensive hospital in Dali. Results:The mean score of professional self-concept of nurses in Dali prefecture was(82.92 ± 10.86)and the total average level was(2.76 ± 0.39). The score of skill dimension is the highest, while the score of satisfaction dimension is the lowest. Conclusion: Surgical nurses in Dali prefecture showed positive professional attitude, however their job satisfaction should be paid more attention to. Hospitals ought to take measures to improve the job satisfaction and professional self-concept, and the quality of nursing.%目的:调查大理州外科护士专业自我概念水平。方法:应用便利抽样法,以一般资料调查表、中文版护士专业自我概念量表对大理州某综合性医院的240名外科护士进行调查,并对调查结果进行分析。结果:大理州外科护士专业自我概念总分为(82.92±10.86)分,总均分(2.76±0.39)分,技能维度得分最高,满意度维度得分最低。结论:大理州外科护士总体具有积极的专业态度,但工作满意需得到重视,医院应采取措施提高外科护士工作满意度和专业自我概念水平,增进护理质量。

  13. Behind the Judges' desk: An Ethnographic Study on the Italian Courts of Justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Verzelloni

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Interpretation of the written law, far from being a cognitive activity, it's a concrete and material practice, which is created, recreated and reinforced through experience and through continuous individual and collective learning occasions. This process isn't based on perennial and immutable axioms, but is an activity built in practice, through subsequent "translations" of formal and abstract rules into "concrete" lawsuits. Being a magistrate doesn't mean acquiring a body of abstract knowledge on how to interpret the written laws; rather it signifies an ability to practice as a judge in a court of justice. In order to study the logics that characterize the " fabrique du droit", it is necessary to go "behind the judges' desk"so as to investigate the "real doings" of the practitioners. In light of these reflections, this article tries to reflect on the activities of the Italian judges. The data presented were drawn from several periods of ethnographic research conducted over two years in four Italian courts specialized in legal arguments at first instance related to Labor relationships, Assistance and Welfare. Tribunals were chosen on the basis of two criteria: dimension and geographical location. The research has considered 16 judges (novices, experienced and presidents of section. The conclusion of this paper is that interpretation of the written law, while remaining a prerogative of the single Italian magistrate, is linked to the organizational context in which each judge operates and to the occasions for comparison with the colleagues of section. Some Italian tribunals look like "condominiums", where magistrates appear as "monads" andother, instead, can be described as "communities of practitioners", in which judges discuss common "translations" of the written law and put the results of this dialogue into practice.

  14. The impact of juveniles' ages and levels of psychosocial maturity on judges' opinions about adjudicative competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Jennifer Mayer; Goldstein, Naomi E S; Dolores, John; Zelechoski, Amanda D; Messenheimer, Sharon

    2012-02-01

    This study investigated whether defendants' ages and levels of psychosocial maturity would affect judges' ratings of juveniles' adjudicative competence in juvenile and criminal court. Three hundred forty two judges reviewed a forensic psychological report about a hypothetical defendant; only the defendant's age (12-17) and maturity level (mature, immature) varied across reports. Results revealed a main effect of age, with older juveniles generally deemed more competent, and a main effect of maturity, with mature juveniles generally deemed more competent. No interaction was found. Results suggest that age and maturity play major roles in judicial determinations of juvenile competency.

  15. Food Rituals for the Bai People’s Patron God in Shuanglang,Dali%大理双廊白族本主祭祀食事研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斯

    2016-01-01

    Bai people have abundant culture on food rituals,but a few specific researches on it. This paper based on the fieldwork in Shuanglang Town of Dali,focuses on foodways during their patron god pag-eant ceremony,displays and analyses people’s behavior and logic,with the theories and methodologies from Symbolic Anthropology,and local documents as well. Thus,it thinks the preparation before the pag-eant is essentially some purification for the ritual space and the people. Duties and regulations in the pag-eant are a construction and activation of their group memory. When get into the temple,the procedure of sacrifice is to kill animals instead of human,so as to complete the exchange with patron gods. In addition, the feast after sacrifice is not only sharing the blessings,but also pull people out of the death symbol and back to normal life.%白族有丰富的祭祀饮食文化,尚且缺乏深入的专项研究。本文以大理双廊为田野点,围绕红山本主巡境祭祀中的饮食事象,借鉴象征人类学的相关理论方法,分析红山本主的地方文本,呈现并解读其献祭仪式的行为方式和内部逻辑。研究认为巡境之前的准备实质上是对仪式空间和祭祀主体的净化;巡境途中的各司其职和行为规范实质是对族群集体记忆的建构与活化;巡境抵达之后献祭牺牲的过程实质是用动物替代人的献祭,完成与神癨的交换。献祭后的宴飨,既是分享福报,也是将人身上的死亡象征剥离出来,使人回归到世俗空间。

  16. Aspects of Verbal Behavior Cited by Listeners in Judging Speakers as Retarded or Not Retarded.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kernan, Keith T.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Results of asking 30 nonprofessionals for reasons speakers were judged to be retarded or not indicated that quality of speech (articulation, prosody, etc.) and the structure, content, and coherence of discourse are more important than sentence-level grammatical features in forming impressions of cognitive competence. (Author/DB)

  17. Detecting Children's Lies: Are Parents Accurate Judges of Their Own Children's Lies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talwar, Victoria; Renaud, Sarah-Jane; Conway, Lauryn

    2015-01-01

    The current study investigated whether parents are accurate judges of their own children's lie-telling behavior. Participants included 250 mother-child dyads. Children were between three and 11 years of age. A temptation resistance paradigm was used to elicit a minor transgressive behavior from the children involving peeking at a forbidden toy and…

  18. 13 CFR 134.709 - When will a Judge dismiss an appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When will a Judge dismiss an appeal? 134.709 Section 134.709 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF...-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern (EDWOSB) Protests §...

  19. 13 CFR 134.711 - Will the Judge permit discovery and oral hearings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Appeals From Women-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern (EDWOSB... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Will the Judge permit discovery and oral hearings? 134.711 Section 134.711 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL...

  20. 13 CFR 134.714 - When must the Judge issue his or her decision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Appeals From Women-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern (EDWOSB... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When must the Judge issue his or her decision? 134.714 Section 134.714 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS...

  1. 13 CFR 134.715 - Can a Judge reconsider his decision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Can a Judge reconsider his decision? 134.715 Section 134.715 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION RULES OF...-Owned Small Business Concern (WOSB) and Economically Disadvantaged WOSB Concern (EDWOSB) Protests §...

  2. Wittgenstein's Contextualist Approach to Judging "Sound" Teaching: Escaping Enthrallment in Criteria-Based Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickney, Jeff Alan

    2009-01-01

    Comparing the early, analytic attempt to define "sound" teaching with the current use of criteria-based rating schemes, Jeff Stickney turns to Wittgenstein's holistic, contextualist approach to judging teaching against its complex "background" within our "form of life." To exemplify this approach, Stickney presents cases of classroom practice…

  3. The Freedom of the Judge to Express his Personal Opinions and Convictions under the ECHR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sietske Dijkstra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The freedom of the judge to express his personal opinions and convictions is limited by his special position. The question arises where these limits lie: what are the possibilities for judges to express their personal views on religious, political or other subjects, whether it is through speech, writing, wearing religious symbols or membership of an association or church? In this article the limits of the freedom of the judge will be studied as they appear from the case law of the ECtHR. Two types of cases from this case law are relevant for this subject: cases based on complaints from judges about a violation of their rights under Article 9-11 ECHR and cases based on complaints from litigants and suspects about a violation of their right to a fair trial under Article 6(1 ECHR. The question is asked how the limits of judicial freedom are defined in the case law of the ECtHR and where these limits lie.

  4. 20 CFR 410.660 - Right to request review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or dismissal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right to request review of Administrative Law...- ) Determinations of Disability, Other Determinations, Administrative Review, Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.660 Right to request review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or...

  5. 40 CFR 164.40 - Qualifications and duties of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications and duties of Administrative Law Judge. 164.40 Section 164.40 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING HEARINGS, UNDER THE FEDERAL INSECTICIDE,...

  6. 17 CFR 200.30-10 - Delegation of authority to Chief Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delegation of authority to Chief Administrative Law Judge. 200.30-10 Section 200.30-10 Commodity and Securities Exchanges... Organization and Program Management General Organization § 200.30-10 Delegation of authority to...

  7. 41 CFR 60-30.15 - Authority and responsibilities of Administrative Law Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authority and responsibilities of Administrative Law Judges. 60-30.15 Section 60-30.15 Public Contracts and Property Management... EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 30-RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS TO...

  8. The Judge as Linguist: Linguistic Principles as a Rule of Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solan, Lawrence

    The role of court judges as linguists is discussed. Linguistic issues arise in courts when lawyers attempt to convince a court that a statute, insurance policy, or contract should be interpreted as favoring their own client's interests, with respect to resolving a dispute that depends on the proper construal of a particular document. An…

  9. Hearings by administrative law judges of certain Medicare claims--HCFA, SSA. General notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    This notice is to advise the public that the Social Security Administration's Office of Hearings and Appeals (SSA, OHA) has recently been given temporary jurisdiction over Medicare Part B, Supplementary Medical Insurance, Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) hearings. Medicare Part A, Hospital Insurance, ALJ hearings and Medicare entitlement matters continue under SSA, OHA's jurisdiction.

  10. When the Victim Is a Child: Issues for Judges and Prosecutors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitcomb, Debra; And Others

    This report is intended as a guide to judges, prosecutors, legislators, and other involved professionals who are interested in implementing strategies or modifying existing practices to improve the treatment of child victims and witnesses in their jurisdictions. Part I of this document provides an overview of the literature and a preliminary…

  11. 8 CFR 1246.4 - Immigration judge's authority; withdrawal and substitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Immigration judge's authority; withdrawal and substitution. 1246.4 Section 1246.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS RESCISSION OF ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS § 1246.4 Immigration...

  12. 8 CFR 1003.24 - Fees pertaining to matters within the jurisdiction of an immigration judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... jurisdiction of an immigration judge. 1003.24 Section 1003.24 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Immigration Court-Rules of Procedure § 1003.24 Fees pertaining to matters within the jurisdiction of...

  13. 8 CFR 1003.9 - Office of the Chief Immigration Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of the Chief Immigration Judge. 1003.9 Section 1003.9 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL PROVISIONS EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW Office of the Chief Immigration...

  14. 20 CFR 901.49 - Decision of the Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Decision of the Administrative Law Judge. 901.49 Section 901.49 Employees' Benefits JOINT BOARD FOR THE ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE PERFORMANCE OF ACTUARIAL SERVICES UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF...

  15. 20 CFR 655.1315 - Administrative review and de novo hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that the hearing is scheduled to take place within 5 calendar days after the ALJ's receipt of the ETA..., the CO will send a certified copy of the ETA case file to the Chief Administrative Law Judge by means... of the ETA case file the ALJ will, on the basis of the written record and after due consideration...

  16. An explicit model for learning to structure and analyze decisions by judges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. Muntjewerff

    2011-01-01

    Legal practitioners and legal scientists need to have knowledge of the general rules that apply in the legal system. This involves both knowledge of the legislation and knowledge of the decisions by judges that function as general rules of law. Law students preparing themselves for the legal profess

  17. A conceptual model for judging the truthfulness of a young child's allegation of sexual abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Young, Mary

    1986-10-01

    Because of the increased number of allegations of sexual abuse made by young children and the often severe legal penalties given to adult perpetrators, there is reason for concern about false or mistaken accusations. This paper develops a conceptual model for judging the truthfulness of such allegations by a young child.

  18. An explicit model for learning to structure and analyze decisions by judges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muntjewerff, A.J.

    2012-01-01

    Legal practitioners and legal scientists need to have knowledge of the general rules that apply in the legal system. This involves both knowledge of the legislation and knowledge of the decisions by judges that function as general rules of law. Law students preparing themselves for the legal

  19. Making Decisions for Other People: The Problem of Judging Acceptable Levels of Risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel Harvey

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available People often make judgments about the risk preferences of others. Doctors do so for patients, lawyers for clients, finance managers for investors, parents for children, carers for dependants. How are these judgments made? How do they relate to people's judgments about their own risk preferences? Research in other areas of social judgment has revealed that people are egocentric: they judge others in the same way that they judge themselves. In the domain of financial risk-taking, HSEE and WEBER (1997 found egocentrism when the judges could empathise with the other people. When they could not, judges assessed others' preferences to be much closer to risk neutrality. Our results for four non-financial domains (recreation, drug-taking, modes of transport, occupations replicate HSEE and WEBER only for activities for which people show risk aversion. We discuss reasons for this and identify various factors that influence the size of self-other differences in judgments of risk acceptability. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0601266

  20. Adjudication and Justification: To What Extent Should the Exluded Be Included in the Judge's Decision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klink, van B.M.J.

    2016-01-01

    As follows from the Rule of Law, the judge has to justify herdecision. In contemporary legal and social theory, it is arguedthat she should somehow give recognition to arguments andviewpoints that have been excluded from the final decision. Inmy paper, I will address the question why, to what extent

  1. Detecting Children's Lies: Are Parents Accurate Judges of Their Own Children's Lies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talwar, Victoria; Renaud, Sarah-Jane; Conway, Lauryn

    2015-01-01

    The current study investigated whether parents are accurate judges of their own children's lie-telling behavior. Participants included 250 mother-child dyads. Children were between three and 11 years of age. A temptation resistance paradigm was used to elicit a minor transgressive behavior from the children involving peeking at a forbidden toy and…

  2. Offenders, Judges, and Officers Rate the Relative Severity of Alternative Sanctions Compared to Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Nathan T.; May, David C.; Wood, Peter B.

    2008-01-01

    Recent work suggests that offenders rate several alternatives as more severe than imprisonment. We build on this literature by comparing punishment exchange rates generated by criminal court judges with rates generated by offenders and their supervising officers. Findings reveal that none of the three groups rates prison as the most severe…

  3. Wittgenstein's Contextualist Approach to Judging "Sound" Teaching: Escaping Enthrallment in Criteria-Based Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickney, Jeff Alan

    2009-01-01

    Comparing the early, analytic attempt to define "sound" teaching with the current use of criteria-based rating schemes, Jeff Stickney turns to Wittgenstein's holistic, contextualist approach to judging teaching against its complex "background" within our "form of life." To exemplify this approach, Stickney presents cases of classroom practice…

  4. 20 CFR 655.1040 - Decision and order of administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Process for Attestations Filed by Employers Utilizing F-1 Students in Off-Campus Work § 655.1040 Decision... materially false, the judge shall order that the employer be disqualified from employing F-1 students. (e) In... circumstances shall source data obtained in confidence by ETA, or the names of establishments contacted by...

  5. Judges and lawmaking at the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swart, Mia

    2006-01-01

    In this study the author examines the question of whether the judges at the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda are entitled to make law. Instances of substantive and procedural lawmaking at the tribunals are analysed. The context within which tribunal law is made a

  6. Rater Behaviour When Judging Language Learners' Pragmatic Appropriateness in Extended Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sydorenko, Tetyana; Maynard, Carson; Guntly, Erin

    2014-01-01

    The criteria by which raters judge pragmatic appropriateness of language learners' speech acts are underexamined, especially when raters evaluate extended discourse. To shed more light on this process, the present study investigated what factors are salient to raters when scoring pragmatic appropriateness of extended request sequences, and which…

  7. Boundaries of the Speeches of Judges%论法官言论的边界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高一飞

    2015-01-01

    法官像其他公民一样享有言论自由,但法官在行使该项权利时应当注意方式,要能够维护司法尊严、司法公正和司法独立性。法官言论应当受到限制的方面包括:法官不应当评论即将和正在办理的案件;法官不应当泄露司法秘密;法官不应当兼任媒体记者或者通讯员。但是,法官享有与职业无关言论的自由权。法官违反职业道德发表言论,应当受到相应的惩戒。%Judges are entitled to freedom of speeches, but they should pay special attention to the above-mentioned rights, so as to maintain the dignity, fairness and independence of justice. There are many restrictions on the speeches of judges, such as no comments on the coming cases, no disclosure of judicial secrets, and no concurrent posts as journalists or correspondents. However, like common people, judges are entitled to freedom of speeches irrelevant to their positions. In cases of breaches of these restrictions, judges should be punished.

  8. The Freedom of the Judge to Express his Personal Opinions and Convictions under the ECHR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sietske Dijkstra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The freedom of the judge to express his personal opinions and convictions is limited by his special position. The question arises where these limits lie: what are the possibilities for judges to express their personal views on religious, political or other subjects, whether it is through speech, writing, wearing religious symbols or membership of an association or church? In this article the limits of the freedom of the judge will be studied as they appear from the case law of the ECtHR. Two types of cases from this case law are relevant for this subject: cases based on complaints from judges about a violation of their rights under Article 9-11 ECHR and cases based on complaints from litigants and suspects about a violation of their right to a fair trial under Article 6(1 ECHR. The question is asked how the limits of judicial freedom are defined in the case law of the ECtHR and where these limits lie.

  9. Diagnostic Labeling in Juvenile Court: How Do Descriptions of Psychopathy and Conduct Disorder Influence Judges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murrie, Daniel C.; Boccaccini, Marcus T.; McCoy, Wendy; Cornell, Dewey G.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the influence of diagnostic criteria and diagnostic labels for psychopathy or conduct disorder on judicial decisions. A national sample of judges (N = 326) rendered hypothetical dispositions based on 1 of 12 mock psychological evaluations. The evaluations varied the presence of 2 sets of diagnostic criteria (antisocial…

  10. On Judges Avoidance System%论法官回避制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨尧凯

    2014-01-01

    我国法官回避制度还不完整和规范,对“关系”一词应具体规定,扩大回避亲属范围,公示法官个人情况。当事人申请回避缺乏可操作性,对回避申请的保障和救济措施不完善,审委会和二审回避问题没有得到合理解决。在法官非诉讼回避制度中,院长籍贯回避未严格执行,法官任职回避也应出台具体操作办法。运用巡回审判和网络审判方式以确保法官中立,进而探索以新型审判方式为基础的,法官非诉讼回避和法官诉讼回避为补充的,保障“法官中立”的新路子。%Domestic judges avoidance system is still in complete and lack of standardization. The word “relationship” in judges avoidance system should be specified, expand the scope of avoidance of relatives and publicize the judge's personal circumstances. The measures are taken as follows, the application of the client is lacking in maneuverability; to avoid the application of the protection and relief measures is not perfect. the second trial, the judicial committee to avoid problems have not been solved reasonably. In the litigation avoidance system, the native avoidance of the president is not strictly enforced;Judges avoidance should also introduce specific operation method. Using the circuit trial way and applying the network mode of trial proceedings ensure the neutrality of the judge; exploring a new form of trial judge as a basis;guaranteeing the real way to protect the neutrality of the judges as for the non litigation avoidance and the litigation avoidance as supplement.

  11. Significance and advantage to develop metal scrap industry in Dali Town in Foshan%佛山大沥镇发展再生金属行业的必要性及有利条件分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽辉; 谢长青

    2012-01-01

    再生资源行业是21世纪世界性的朝阳产业,其“低开采,高利用,低投入,高回报”的特点及我国明朗的政策,该行业市场前景广阔。大沥是我国唯一的“再生金属物流加工基地”,大沥宽松的经营环境、优越的区位条件、闻名海内外的区域品牌、稳定的进货渠道、快捷的信息来源,为大沥再生金属行业健康、可持续发展创造了有利条件。%Recycling industry is a new rising industry in the world in 21st century, which could make a high utilization of resource with low exploration, and get high rewards with low input. Besides, with the supporting policies, the industry will meet a bright future. Dali is the only metal scrap distribution and processing base in China. With comfortable business environment, favorable location, world-famous regional brand, stable purchase channels and convenient information sources, the metal scrap industry in Dali will realize a healthy and sustainable development.

  12. 云南大理市凤仪镇大丰乐墓地的发掘%Excavation in the Dafengle Cemetery at Fengyi Town of Dali City,Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云南省文物考古研究所; 大理市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    The Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and the Dali Municipal Museum carried out two seasons of excavation in the Dafengle cemetery at Fengyi Town, Dali City. They excavated 966 tombs of cremation and 21 burials in the ground. The former are round or oval,while the latter are rectangular earth shafts. The coffins are largely pottery, porcelain and bronze jars,and pottery vats and basins occur in very a few cases with the former used as double-vat coffins and the latter as coffin covers. Most of the funeral objects are pottery, and porcelain, irons and bronzes were also yielded. The tombs fall into three phases. The first phase embraces exclusively tombs of cremation and is represented by jars of Type A, with the remains of the dead buried in single-jar coffins and accompanied by rare grave goods. They go back to the time from the late Tang to the Early Northern Song period. The second phase comprises also tombs of cremation, and features the increase of coffin types and the emergence of double-jar coffins. They are dated to the time from the final stage of the Northern Song through the Yuan Dynasty. The third phase contain tombs of cremation, and burials in the ground occur at the middle stage. The former feature variety in coffin, the popularity of double-jar coffins and the appearance of burials in three or four combined jars. They can be assigned to the final stage of the Ming period.

  13. 论南诏大理国政治思想史的研究对象%On the Research Object of the History Political Thought of Nanzhao-Dali Kingdoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷信来

    2014-01-01

    Nanzhao-Dali Kingdom is the regional ethnic regime of Tang-Song Dynasty, so its political thought should belong to the history of ancient Chinese political thought. The history of Nanzhao-Dali Kingdom political thought focuses on the theory of state and legal system, political philosophy, strategy and policy of governing the country, moral principles, and the relationship between Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and state.%南诏大理国是隶属于唐宋王朝的地方民族政权,其政治思想当然应该是中国传统政治思想的有机组成部分。国家和法的理论、政治哲学问题、治国的方略和政策、伦理道德问题、道教佛教与政权的关系、儒学和政治生活的关联等,是南诏大理国政治思想史研究的主要对象。

  14. "It's Always the Judge's Fault": Attention, Emotion Recognition, and Expertise in Rhythmic Gymnastics Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bokhorst, Lindsey G; Knapová, Lenka; Majoranc, Kim; Szebeni, Zea K; Táborský, Adam; Tomić, Dragana; Cañadas, Elena

    2016-01-01

    In many sports, such as figure skating or gymnastics, the outcome of a performance does not rely exclusively on objective measurements, but on more subjective cues. Judges need high attentional capacities to process visual information and overcome fatigue. Also their emotion recognition abilities might have an effect in detecting errors and making a more accurate assessment. Moreover, the scoring given by judges could be also influenced by their level of expertise. This study aims to assess how rhythmic gymnastics judges' emotion recognition and attentional abilities influence accuracy of performance assessment. Data will be collected from rhythmic gymnastics judges and coaches at different international levels. This study will employ an online questionnaire consisting on an emotion recognition test and attentional test. Participants' task is to watch a set of videotaped rhythmic gymnastics performances and evaluate them on the artistic and execution components of performance. Their scoring will be compared with the official scores given at the competition the video was taken from to measure the accuracy of the participants' evaluations. The proposed research represents an interdisciplinary approach that integrates cognitive and sport psychology within experimental and applied contexts. The current study advances the theoretical understanding of how emotional and attentional aspects affect the evaluation of sport performance. The results will provide valuable evidence on the direction and strength of the relationship between the above-mentioned factors and the accuracy of sport performance evaluation. Importantly, practical implications might be drawn from this study. Intervention programs directed at improving the accuracy of judges could be created based on the understanding of how emotion recognition and attentional abilities are related to the accuracy of performance assessment.

  15. The need for scientists and judges to work together: regarding a new European network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosuosso Amedeo

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Is it always true to say that science is, by definition, universal whilst laws and the courts which apply them are a classic state and national expression? Yes and no. In recent years a new scenario has opened all over the world. Courts intervene more and more in disputes on matters related to scientific procedures in the biological field. In doing so the courts' decisions are affected by scientific issues and ways of reasoning and, on the other hand, affect the scientific field and its way of reasoning. While the old matter of bioethics was still alive and while judges were improving their skill in dealing with hard matters, like refusal of medical treatments, abortion, euthanasia et cetera, a new challenge appeared on the horizon, the challenge of biological sciences, and especially of the most troubled field of human genetics. A completely new awareness is developing among judges that they belong to an international judiciary community, as informal as it is real. Such a community is, even at an embryonic stage, sufficiently universal to be able to come together with the international scientific community. The authors maintain we are in urgent need for new interaction between judges and scientists and of new international means in the light of such cooperation. Judges and jurists need to become better acquainted with scientific questions and learn to exchange ideas with scientists. They also need to set themselves against the latters' conceptual systems and be willing to put their own up for discussion. A European Network for Life Sciences, Health and the Courts is taking its first steps, and judges and scientists are working side by side to tackle the new challenges. The provisional headquarters are located at the University of Pavia (I, Laboratorio di Biologia dello Sviluppo and Collegio Ghislieri (e-mail:. enlsc@unipv.it. ENLSC activity is inspired by the following idea: to be against science is as much antiscientific as to be

  16. COMPARED LAW ISSUES REGARDING THE JUDGE SUPERVISING THE LIMITATION OF FREEDOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela-Nicoleta CHIHAIA

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available According to Law no. 254/2013 regarding the execution of sentences and custodial measures ordered by the court during the criminal trial, the judge that oversees the limitation of freedom process to monitor and control the execution of sentences and ensures the legality of custodial measures. Although Spanish and Italian law systems influenced the institution of this judge it did not copy the regulation from this countries, but continues the line started in our country by Law no. 275/2006, which regulated the judge delegated for the execution of custodial sentences. This study aims without trying to be exhaustive, to present different models adopted by European countries in the matter of justices that control the activity during the execution of custodial sentences. Thus we analyzed the laws of Italy, Spain and Germany. Without trying to prioritize these European regulations, the paper aims to present the legal nature of the activity of this type of justice in relation to the regulated activity of the Romanian legislation, which mentions that his or hers responsibilities are administrative and also administrative jurisdictional. We also note the similarities between the powers of this type of judge in the European countries presented, regarding, for example, the complaints of inmates against prison conditions or infringements of their rights, but at the same time the difference which will be highlighted in particular in relation to the status of these judges. In the last part of the paper we present a number of problems and we propose possible solutions to their law by adopting new legal provisions taken from the laws of the European countries analyzed in this study.

  17. The need for scientists and judges to work together: regarding a new European network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santosuosso, Amedeo; Redi, Carlo Alberto

    2003-07-01

    Is it always true to say that science is, by definition, universal whilst laws and the courts which apply them are a classic state and national expression? Yes and no. In recent years a new scenario has opened all over the world. Courts intervene more and more in disputes on matters related to scientific procedures in the biological field. In doing so the courts' decisions are affected by scientific issues and ways of reasoning and, on the other hand, affect the scientific field and its way of reasoning. While the old matter of bioethics was still alive and while judges were improving their skill in dealing with hard matters, like refusal of medical treatments, abortion, euthanasia et cetera, a new challenge appeared on the horizon, the challenge of biological sciences, and especially of the most troubled field of human genetics. A completely new awareness is developing among judges that they belong to an international judiciary community, as informal as it is real. Such a community is, even at an embryonic stage, sufficiently universal to be able to come together with the international scientific community. The authors maintain we are in urgent need for new interaction between judges and scientists and of new international means in the light of such cooperation. Judges and jurists need to become better acquainted with scientific questions and learn to exchange ideas with scientists. They also need to set themselves against the latters' conceptual systems and be willing to put their own up for discussion. A European Network for Life Sciences, Health and the Courts is taking its first steps, and judges and scientists are working side by side to tackle the new challenges. The provisional headquarters are located at the University of Pavia (I), Laboratorio di Biologia dello Sviluppo and Collegio Ghislieri (e-mail: enlsc@unipv.it). ENLSC activity is inspired by the following idea: to be against science is as much antiscientific as to be acritically pro-science.

  18. Spatial and Temporal Distribution Characteristic of Sunshine Duration in Dali Mountains%大理州山地日照时间的时空分布特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周明昆; 张成稳; 樊在斗

    2011-01-01

    基于数字高程模型(DEM)模拟计算了大理州山地日照时间的时空分布,结果显示,除了日照百分率外,坡度、坡向和地形之间的相互遮蔽对日照时间的分布有很大的影响。冬季太阳高度角较小,地形遮蔽对日照时间的影响很大,夏季相对较小。遮蔽系数4月最大,12月最小。一年中的任意时刻随着坡度的增加日照时间减少。坡向对日照时间的影响有很强的季节性:春分和秋分时期南坡与北坡日照时间相等且都为最多,夏至北坡最多,冬至南坡最多;春分至秋分期间,北坡日照时间最多,其余时间南坡日照时间最多,全年日照时间南坡最多。105°和255°坡向的坡面地形遮蔽系数常年都为0.82,不随时间变化。%This article simulated calculates the spatial and temporal distribution of mountains' sunshine duration in Dali based on the digital elevation model(DEM).The results show besides the percentage of sunshine,slope,aspect and the masking of terrain have a great effect on the distribution of sunshine duration.The solar altitude is smaller in winter,the masking of terrain has a great impact on sunshine duration,but it's smaller relatively in summer.The ratio of masking in April is maximum and in December is minimum all year around.Any time of year with the increase in slope the sunshine duration is reduced.The aspect has a strong seasonal on the sunshine duration: the northern slope and southern slope are equal to a maximum duration of sunshine in vernal equinox and autumnal equinox,the northern slope is maximum in summer solstice and the southern slope is maximum in winter solstice.During the vernal equinox to the autumnal equinox,sunshine duration in the northern slope is maximum,the southern slope is maximum in the rest of time,but the annual sunshine duration is maximum in the southern slope.The ratio of masking terrain in 105 ° and 255 ° of slope is 0.82 all year round,and the ratio is not

  19. 78 FR 29781 - Before Administrative Judges: Ronald M. Spritzer, Chairman, Dr. Anthony J. Baratta, Dr. Randall J...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... COMMISSION Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Before Administrative Judges: Ronald M. Spritzer, Chairman, Dr... submitted to: Mail: Administrative Judge Ronald M. Spritzer, Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, Mail... statement should be sent to the Chairman of this Licensing Board as follows: Mail: Administrative...

  20. Mapping Judicial Dialogue across National Borders: An Exploratory Network Study of Learning from Lobbying among European Intellectual Property Judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Lazega

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at dialogue and collective learning across borders through personal networks of judges. We focus on judges participating in the Venice Forum, bringing together European patent judges involved in institutional lobbying for the construction of a European Patent Court. Empirical observation shows that personal networks of discussion with foreign judges, reading of their work and references to their decisions do exist in this milieu and can be mapped. Our network study shows that judges from some European countries are more active in this dialogue than judges from other countries. The learning process is driven, to some extent, by a small subset of super-central judges who frame this dialogue and can be considered to be opinion leaders in this social milieu. We measure a strong level of consensus among the judges on several controversial issues surrounding the procedure of a possible future European Patent Court. But strong differences between them remain. Dialogue and collective learning do not, by themselves, lead to convergence towards a uniform position in these controversies.

  1. The effect of uniform color on judging athletes' aggressiveness, fairness, and chance of winning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krenn, Bjoern

    2015-04-01

    In the current study we questioned the impact of uniform color in boxing, taekwondo and wrestling. On 18 photos showing two athletes competing, the hue of each uniform was modified to blue, green or red. For each photo, six color conditions were generated (blue-red, blue-green, green-red and vice versa). In three experiments these 108 photos were randomly presented. Participants (N = 210) had to select the athlete that seemed to be more aggressive, fairer or more likely to win the fight. Results revealed that athletes wearing red in boxing and wrestling were judged more aggressive and more likely to win than athletes wearing blue or green uniforms. In addition, athletes wearing green were judged fairer in boxing and wrestling than athletes wearing red. In taekwondo we did not find any significant impact of uniform color. Results suggest that uniform color in combat sports carries specific meanings that affect others' judgments.

  2. Everything is permitted? People intuitively judge immorality as representative of atheists.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Will M Gervais

    Full Text Available Scientific research yields inconsistent and contradictory evidence relating religion to moral judgments and outcomes, yet most people on earth nonetheless view belief in God (or gods as central to morality, and many view atheists with suspicion and scorn. To evaluate intuitions regarding a causal link between religion and morality, this paper tested intuitive moral judgments of atheists and other groups. Across five experiments (N = 1,152, American participants intuitively judged a wide variety of immoral acts (e.g., serial murder, consensual incest, necrobestiality, cannibalism as representative of atheists, but not of eleven other religious, ethnic, and cultural groups. Even atheist participants judged immoral acts as more representative of atheists than of other groups. These findings demonstrate a prevalent intuition that belief in God serves a necessary function in inhibiting immoral conduct, and may help explain persistent negative perceptions of atheists.

  3. The Prominent Role of National Judges in Interpreting the International Definition of Human Trafficking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luuk B Esser

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Although there has been much discussion of the scope of the concept of human trafficking in international literature, the part played by national courts in interpreting definitions based on the international definition of human trafficking in the UN Trafficking Protocol has received little attention. When a judge interprets an offence, he or she clarifies or adds new meaning to it. The space for this is even greater when the underlying definition is broadly formulated, as in the case of the international definition of human trafficking. This article demonstrates that, although this international definition establishes the outer parameters within which conduct must be made a criminal offence, domestic courts still have room to flesh out the definition in national contexts. The role of national judges needs more consideration in today’s discourse on the legal definition of human trafficking.

  4. Process of Judging Significant Modifications for Different Transportation Systems compared to the Approach for Nuclear Installations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Petrek

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of the CSM regulation by the European Commission in 2009 which harmonizes the risk assessment process and introduces a rather new concept of judging changes within the European railway industry. This circumstance has risen the question how other technology sectors handle the aspect of modifications and alterations. The paper discusses the approaches for judging the significance of modifications within the three transport sectors of European railways, aviation and maritime transportation and the procedure which is used in the area of nuclear safety. We will outline the similarities and differences between these four methods and discuss the underlying reasons. Finally, we will take into account the role of the European legislator and the fundamental idea of a harmonization of the different approaches.

  5. Psychopathy and fear: specific impairments in judging behaviors that frighten others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Abigail A; Cardinale, Elise M

    2012-10-01

    Psychopathy is a disorder associated with antisocial behavior and deficits in responding to emotional stimuli, particularly fear-related stimuli. This research demonstrates that these deficits extend to judgments about behaviors that cause fear in others. We assessed whether psychopathy is associated with the ability to identify the emotional consequences of social behaviors and with judgments about these behaviors' acceptability. We found that psychopathy, as indexed by the Psychopathic Personality Inventory, is associated with impairments in identifying behaviors that cause fear and in judging the moral acceptability of these behaviors. Ratings of emotional consequences and moral acceptability were also correlated, such that individuals who less accurately identified behaviors that cause fear also judged these behaviors to be more morally acceptable. Psychopathy scores mediated the relationship between these two variables. These findings suggest that understanding that frightening others is unacceptable relies on understanding this type of behavior's emotional consequences, and have significance for understanding the relationship between psychopathy, empathy, and antisocial behavior.

  6. New judging model of fuzzy cluster optimal dividing based on rough sets theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yun; Liu Qinghong; Mu Yong; Shi Kaiquan

    2007-01-01

    To investigate the judging problem of optimal dividing matrix among several fuzzy dividing matrices in fuzzy dividing space, correspondingly, which is determined by the various choices of cluster samples in the totality sample space, two algorithms are proposed on the basis of the data analysis method in rough sets theory: information system discrete algorithm (algorithm 1) and samples representatives judging algorithm (algorithm 2).On the principle of the farthest distance, algorithm 1 transforms continuous data into discrete form which could be transacted by rough sets theory.Taking the approximate precision as a criterion, algorithm 2 chooses the sample space with a good representative.Hence, the clustering sample set in inducing and computing optimal dividing matrix can be achieved.Several theorems are proposed to provide strict theoretic foundations for the execution of the algorithm model.An applied example based on the new algorithm model is given, whose result verifies the feasibility of this new algorithm model.

  7. Personal standards for judging aggression by a relationship partner: How much aggression is too much?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriaga, Ximena B; Capezza, Nicole M; Daly, Christine A

    2016-01-01

    What determines whether people tolerate partner aggression? This research examined how norms, relationship experiences, and commitment predict personal standards for judging aggressive acts by a partner. Studies 1a and 1b (n = 689) revealed that experiencing aggression in a current relationship and greater commitment predicted greater tolerance for common partner aggression. Study 2 longitudinally tracked individuals who had never experienced partner aggression (n = 52). Once aggression occurred, individuals adopted more tolerant standards, but only if they were highly committed. Study 3 involved experimentally manipulating the relevance of partner aggression among individuals who reported current partner aggression (n = 73); they were more tolerant of aggressive acts imagined to occur by their partner (vs. the same acts by a stranger), but only if they were highly committed. Personal standards for judging partner aggression are dynamic. They shift toward greater tolerance when committed people experience aggression in a current relationship.

  8. 大理市部分小学生生长发育与饮食卫生习惯调查%Investigation of the Physical Development and Dietary Health Habits of Pupils in Some Primary School in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁春丽; 董成艳; 王文仙; 郑晓霞; 杨富有; 季守莲

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解大理市部分小学生生长发育与饮食卫生习惯的情况.方法:抽取大理市10所小学四至六年级学生1 121名,进行饮食卫生习惯的问卷调查,同时测量其身高、体重.结果:78.14%的小学生偏瘦,四、五、六年级的体质指数比较,差异有统计学意义(P五年级>四年级.男生与女生的体质指数比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).小学生吃早点的情况较好,但挑食偏食、以零食代替正餐的现象较为普遍.结论:大理市部分小学生偏瘦且存在不良饮食卫生习惯,建议有针对性的进行健康教育,普及营养卫生知识,促进其生长发育.%Objective: To survey the physical development and dietary health habits of pupils in some primary school in Dali. Methods:Total 1 121 pupil from fourth grade to sixth grade in ten different primary schools in Dali were selected for questionnaire survey on their dietary health habits. Meanwhile, pupil's height and weight were measured. Results: 78.14% pupils were lean. The BMI of pupils from grade four, five and six were compared and the difference was statistically significant(P0.05). The situation of pupils eating breakfast is better, while the situation of picky eating and eating snacks rather than meals are general. Conclusion:Most primary school students are lean and have harmful dietary health habits in Dali. To promote pupil's physical development, targeted health education should be carried out, nutrition and hygiene should be popularized.

  9. Judging trustworthiness from faces: Emotion cues modulate trustworthiness judgments in young children

    OpenAIRE

    Caulfield, Frances; Ewing, Louise; Bank, Samantha; Rhodes, Gillian

    2016-01-01

    By adulthood, people judge trustworthiness from appearances rapidly and reliably. However, we know little about these judgments in children. This novel study investigates the developmental trajectory of explicit trust judgments from faces, and the contribution made by emotion cues across age groups. Five-, 7-, 10-year-olds, and adults rated the trustworthiness of trustworthy and untrustworthy faces with neutral expressions. The same participants also rated faces displaying overt happy and ang...

  10. Patient advocacy: one agency's positive results with the administrative law judge process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimaid, Y; Votava, K M; Myers, E

    1994-01-01

    The Visiting Nurse Service of Rochester and Monroe County, Inc., is a progressive, certified home health agency that is committed to providing a broad range of specialized high-quality care services. To assist in meeting this goal, the Visiting Nurse Service has developed a Network of Support to maximize the patients' access to Medicare home care benefits. This commitment as a patient advocate follows through to the process of dealing with Medicare denials up to the level of the Administrative Law Judge.

  11. ISSUES REGARDING THE ADMISSIBILITY OF THE PRESIDING JUDGE'S ORDER IN CONTENTIOUS-ADMINISTRATIVE LITIGATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Gratian URECHIATU-BURIAN

    2014-01-01

    The research aims to clarify the issues regarding the admissibility of the presiding judge's order in contentious-administrative litigations. As we know, the public administration activity is governed by the principle of legality. According to this principle, public authorities operate within the powers given by the law. Therefore the administrative acts issued by central or local government authorities are presumed to be legal. Of course, the presumption is relative. An interesting problem t...

  12. Predictive Models to Determine Imagery Strategies Employed by Children to Judge Hand Laterality

    OpenAIRE

    Steffie Spruijt; Marijtje L A Jongsma; John van der Kamp; Bert Steenbergen

    2015-01-01

    A commonly used paradigm to study motor imagery is the hand laterality judgment task. The present study aimed to determine which strategies young children employ to successfully perform this task. Children of 5 to 8 years old (N = 92) judged laterality of back and palm view hand pictures in different rotation angles. Response accuracy and response duration were registered. Response durations of the trials with a correct judgment were fitted to a-priori defined predictive sinusoid models, repr...

  13. Together Everyone Achieves More: Leadership Networks and Interagency Relationships of the Judge Advocate Generals Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-22

    leadership networks may be formal or informal in nature, but share the trait that all of the nodes of the network create products or perform services ...information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services , Directorate for Information...Together Everyone Achieves More: Leadership Networks and Interagency Relationships of the Judge Advocate General’s Corps SSG Kenneth Conklin and SSG

  14. Officiating Role Influences the Physical Match Activity Profiles of Rugby League Touch Judges and Referees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pearce Leesa

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the effect of the officiating role on physical activity profiles of rugby league match officials during match-play. Physical performance indicators were collated from 23 match officials, resulting in 78 observations. Match officials were categorised into two groups: referees and touch judges. Microtechnology facilitated the quantification of total distance (m, relative distance (m⋅min-1, maximum velocity (m⋅s-1, the percentage of high intensity running distance (% total > 3.01 m⋅s-1, walking distance (5 m⋅s-1. Multivariate analysis modelled the main effect of the officiating role with follow up univariate analyses identifying significant differences. A significant effect was noted (V = 750; F(8, 66 = 24.71; p < 0.05 with referees covering a greater total distance (7767 ± 585 vs. 7022 ± 759 m, relative distance (90 ± 6 vs. 82 ± 8 m⋅min-1, jogging distance (3772 ± 752 vs. 3110 ± 553 m, and fast jogging distance (2565 ± 631 vs. 1816 ± 440 m compared to touch judges. Touch judges covered greater distances while sprinting (1012 ± 385 vs. 654 ± 241 m. Results provide important guidance in the development of training programs for match officials.

  15. Estimating the Standard Error of the Judging in a modified-Angoff Standards Setting Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert G. MacCann

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available For a modified Angoff standards setting procedure, two methods of calculating the standard error of the..judging were compared. The Central Limit Theorem (CLT method is easy to calculate and uses readily..available data. It estimates the variance of mean cut scores as a function of the variance of cut scores within..a judging group, based on the independent judgements at Stage 1 of the process. Its theoretical drawback is..that it is unable to take account of the effects of collaboration among the judges at Stages 2 and 3. The..second method, an application of equipercentile (EQP equating, relies on the selection of very large stable..candidatures and the standardisation of the raw score distributions to remove effects associated with test..difficulty. The standard error estimates were then empirically obtained from the mean cut score variation..observed over a five year period. For practical purposes, the two methods gave reasonable agreement, with..the CLT method working well for the top band, the band that attracts most public attention. For some..bands in English and Mathematics, the CLT standard error was smaller than the EQP estimate, suggesting..the CLT method be used with caution as an approximate guide only.

  16. Putting judging situations into situational judgment tests: evidence from intercultural multimedia SJTs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rockstuhl, Thomas; Ang, Soon; Ng, Kok-Yee; Lievens, Filip; Van Dyne, Linn

    2015-03-01

    Although the term situational judgment test (SJT) implies judging situations, existing SJTs focus more on judging the effectiveness of different response options (i.e., response judgment) and less on how people perceive and interpret situations (i.e., situational judgment). We expand the traditional SJT paradigm and propose that adding explicit assessments of situational judgment to SJTs will provide incremental information beyond that provided by response judgment. We test this hypothesis across 4 studies using intercultural multimedia SJTs. Study 1 uses verbal protocol analysis to discover the situational judgments people make when responding to SJT items. Study 2 shows situational judgment predicts time-lagged, peer-rated task performance and interpersonal citizenship among undergraduate seniors over and above response judgment and other established predictors. Study 3 shows providing situational judgment did not affect the predictive validity of response judgment. Study 4 replicates Study 2 in a working adult sample. We discuss implications for SJT theory as well as the practical implications of putting judging situations back into SJTs.

  17. Detection of Illegal Race Walking: A Tool to Assist Coaching and Judging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James B. Lee

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Current judging of race walking in international competitions relies on subjective human observation to detect illegal gait, which naturally has inherent problems. Incorrect judging decisions may devastate an athlete and possibly discredit the international governing body. The aim of this study was to determine whether an inertial sensor could improve accuracy, monitor every step the athlete makes in training and/or competition. Seven nationally competitive race walkers performed a series of legal, illegal and self-selected pace races. During testing, athletes wore a single inertial sensor (100 Hz placed at S1 of the vertebra and were simultaneously filmed using a high-speed camera (125 Hz. Of the 80 steps analyzed the high-speed camera identified 57 as illegal, the inertial sensor misidentified four of these measures (all four missed illegal steps had 0.008 s of loss of ground contact which is considerably less than the best possible human observation of 0.06 s. Inertial sensor comparison to the camera found the typical error of estimate was 0.02 s (95% confidence limits 0.01–0.02, with a bias of 0.02 (±0.01. An inertial sensor can thus objectively improve the accuracy in detecting illegal steps (loss of ground contact and, along with the ability to monitor every step of the athlete, could be a valuable tool to assist judges during race walk events.

  18. Officiating Role Influences the Physical Match Activity Profiles of Rugby League Touch Judges and Referees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, Leesa; Woods, Carl; Sinclair, Wade; Leicht, Anthony

    2017-09-01

    This study investigated the effect of the officiating role on physical activity profiles of rugby league match officials during match-play. Physical performance indicators were collated from 23 match officials, resulting in 78 observations. Match officials were categorised into two groups: referees and touch judges. Microtechnology facilitated the quantification of total distance (m), relative distance (m⋅min(-1)), maximum velocity (m⋅s(-1)), the percentage of high intensity running distance (% total > 3.01 m⋅s(-1)), walking distance (5 m⋅s-1). Multivariate analysis modelled the main effect of the officiating role with follow up univariate analyses identifying significant differences. A significant effect was noted (V = 750; F(8, 66) = 24.71; p referees covering a greater total distance (7767 ± 585 vs. 7022 ± 759 m), relative distance (90 ± 6 vs. 82 ± 8 m⋅min(-1)), jogging distance (3772 ± 752 vs. 3110 ± 553 m), and fast jogging distance (2565 ± 631 vs. 1816 ± 440 m) compared to touch judges. Touch judges covered greater distances while sprinting (1012 ± 385 vs. 654 ± 241 m). Results provide important guidance in the development of training programs for match officials.

  19. Research on Intelligent Lighting System USB-DALI Gateway Based on PIC Microcontroller%基于PIC单片机的智能照明系统USB-DALI网关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林展鹏; 史涛; 许锦标

    2014-01-01

    数字化可寻址调光接口技术(DALI)是专门应用于智能照明系统的一类总线技术.使用该技术的照明系统采用主从式架构.USB技术广泛应用于各种电子设备中.结合USB接口技术,利用PIC18F4550芯片设计一款DALI网关,实现DALI总线与主控制器(计算机)的通讯.在Windows环境下利用LabVIEW建立主控控制软件.

  20. A new, highly sensitive time-of-flight mass spectrometer consisting of a flangeon-type conical ion lens system and a proto-type Daly detector for exhaust gas analysis based on the Jet-REMPI technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Tetsuya; Hayashi, Shun-ichi; Ishiuchi, Shun-ichi; Saeki, Morihisa; Fujii, Masaaki

    2005-08-01

    For the analysis of trace amounts of hazardous organic compounds, we developed a new ion detection system for supersonic jet resonance-enhanced multiphoton laser ionization mass spectrometry. High sensitivity and selectivity have been achieved by combining a proto-type Daly detector, a newly designed conical ion lens, and a potential switch that can perform the function of a mass selector. This ion detection system enables us to bring the jet nozzle closer to the ionization point. The detection sensitivity has thus been improved totally by more than 100 times compared with that obtained by the parallel-plate electrodes and micro-channel plate. We succeeded in assembling a flangeon-type ion extraction electrode consisting of a conical ion lens and a potential switch.

  1. 大理烤烟苹果酸含量的空间变异分析%Spatial variability of malic acid content of flue-cured tobacco in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周喜新; 周冀衡; 武德传; 樊在斗; 李文璧; 杨程

    2011-01-01

    采用GPS定位,在云南大理州主要烟区选取100个采样点,分别于2007、2008年采集C3F烤烟样品各100份.将各取样点2年烤烟样品苹果酸含量的平均值作为原始统计数据,对苹果酸含量的原始数据、对数转化和Box-Cox转换后的数据进行正态分布性检验,采用地统计学进行烤烟苹果酸含量的空间趋势和空间变异分析.结果表明:大理烤烟苹果酸含量经对数转换后服从正态分布,在进行普通Kriging插值时宜选择1阶趋势效应和指数理论模型;大理烤烟苹果酸含量具有中等的空间相关性和线性空间趋势效应;大理烤烟苹果酸含量为41.26~124.45 mg/g,平均含量为81.00 mg/g,背景值为65.01~80.00 mg/g,苹果酸含量最高(100.01~123.45 mg/g)的板块分布在南涧县、巍山县和弥渡县;大理州南部烟区烤烟苹果酸含量自南向北呈梯度状由高到低分布.%Dali flue-cured tobacco plays an important role in formula of several core cigarette brands. Malic acid is one of major nonvolatile organic acids of tobacco leaf, and it is one of common aroma additives for high-grade cigarettes, so researchers highly focus on tobacco malic acid. The objective of the study was to investigate spatial distribution of malic acid content of Dali flue-cured tobacco, and to provide references for layout of tobacco planting and using of tobacco leaf. The main tobacco planting areas in Dali were selected as the experiment sites. 200 flue-cured tobacco samples of C3F grade were collected from 100 sites in 2007 and 2008 via global position system (GPS). Malic acid contents of tobacco samples were determined. The mean value of tobacco malic acid content of samples in each site was regarded as the original data. The original data, data obtained after logarithmic transformation and Box-Cox transformation were tested for normal distribution. Surface trend and spatial distribution of tobacco malic acid content were analyzed by geostatistical

  2. NEITHER FISH NOR FOWL: ADMINISTRATIVE JUDGES IN THE MODERN ADMINISTRATIVE STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell L. Weaver

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the role of administrative adjudication in the United States constitutional system. It begins by noting that such adjudication fits uncomfortably within a system of divided powers. Administrative judges, including administrative law judges [ALJs] (who have the highest level of protection and status, are considerably more circumscribed than ordinary Article III judges. Indeed, administrative judges are usually housed in the agencies for which they decide cases, rather than in independent adjudicative bodies, and they do not always have the final say regarding the cases they decide. In many instances, the agency can appeal an adverse administrative judge’s decision directly to the head of the agency, and the agency head retains broad power to overrule the administrative judge’s determinations. In other words, the agency can substitute its judgment for that of the administrative judge regarding factual determinations, legal determinations, and policy choices. As a result, many administrative adjudicative structures involve difficult tradeoffs between independence, political control, and accountability. This article examines issues related to the status and power of administrative judges, as well as the constraints that have been imposed on administrative adjudicative authority, and explores whether those constraints continue to serve the purposes for which they were originally imposed. Cet article examine le rôle du règlement de différends dans le domaine administratif dans le cadre du système constitutionnel des États-Unis. Il note d’abord qu’une telle façon de régler les différends cadre difficilement avec un système où les pouvoirs sont divisés. Les juges administratifs, y inclus les juges de droit administratif (qui jouissent du niveau le plus élevé de protection et de statut, sont considérablement plus restreints que les juges ordinaires sous l’Article III. En effet, les juges administratifs sont

  3. Combining colour and temperature: A blue object is more likely to be judged as warm than a red object

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ho, Hsin-Ni; Iwai, Daisuke; Yoshikawa, Yuki; Watanabe, Junji; Nishida, Shin'ya

    2014-01-01

    .... Experiment 1 found that a red object, relative to a blue object, raises the lowest temperature required for an object to feel warm, indicating that a blue object is more likely to be judged as warm...

  4. 28 CFR 68.57 - Judicial review of the final agency order of an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274B. 68.57 Section 68.57 Judicial... BEFORE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES IN CASES INVOLVING ALLEGATIONS OF UNLAWFUL EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS, UNFAIR... of an Administrative Law Judge in cases arising under section 274B. Any person aggrieved by a final...

  5. 20 CFR 404.984 - Appeals Council review of administrative law judge decision in a case remanded by a Federal court.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Council review of administrative law judge decision in a case remanded by a Federal court. (a) General. In... final decision in your case or subsequently considered by the administrative law judge in the... of the Commissioner after remand, or it will remand the case to an administrative law judge for...

  6. What is "Normative" at Cooling Water Intakes? Defining Normalcy Before Judging Adverse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coutant, C.C.

    1998-09-23

    Judgments of adverse environmental impact from cooling water intake structures need to be preceded by an appreciation of what is normal. In its repo~ Return to the River, the Independent Scientd5c Group (now called the Independent Scientfilc Advisory Board) --the scientific peer review arm of the Northwest Power Planning Council-- advanced the notion of a "normative river ecosystem" as a new conceptual foundation for salrnonid recovery in the Columbia River basin. With this perspective, the sum of the best scientific understanding of how organisms and aquatic ecosystems function should be the norm or standard of measure for how we judge the effects of human activities on aquatic systems. ,For the best likelihood of recovery, key aspects of altered systems should be brought back toward nonnative (although not necessarily fully back to the historical or pristine state); new alterations should be judged for adversity by how much they move key attributes away from normative or what might be considered normal. In this presentation, I ask what "normative" is for the setting of cooling water intake structures and how this concept could help resolve long-standing disputes between groups interested in avoiding darnage to all organisms that might be entrained or impinged and those who take a more population or community perspective for judging adverse environmental impact. In essence, I suggest that if a water intake does not move the aquatic ecosystem outside the "normative" range, based on expressions of norrrdcy such as those discussed, then no adverse impact has occurred. Having an explicit baseline in normal or normative would place 316(b) analyses on the same conceptual foundation as 316(a) analyses, which strive to demonstrate the continuation of a balanced, indigenous community of aquatic organisms at the power station Iocation.

  7. THE JUDGE'S PROBATIVE INITIATIVE: CONTRASTS AND LIMITATIONS FROM THE LEGAL-CONSTITUTIONAL PARADIGM OF LAWFUL DEMOCRATIC STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Alves Noberto Soares

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article will reflect on the production of proof by the judge, in the context of Criminal Procedure, according to the rules presents in the brazilian legal system. Therefore, the critcial incursions will take into account the technical constructions expressed from the legal and constitutional paradigm of Lawful Democratic State, in order to counter the currently permissive system that confers, to judging agent, the probative initiative.

  8. Comprehensive database of wellbore temperatures and drilling mud weight pressures by depth for Judge Digby field, Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Lauri

    2010-01-01

    This document serves as the repository for the unprocessed data used in the investigation of temperature and overpressure relations within the deep Tuscaloosa Formation in Judge Digby field. It is a compilation of all the publicly accessible wellbore temperature and pressure data for Judge Digby field, a prolific natural gas field producing from the Upper Cretaceous lower part of the Tuscaloosa Formation in the Gulf Coast region. This natural gas field is in Pointe Coupee Parish in the southern part of onshore Louisiana.

  9. Justice, Accountability and Social Reconstruction: An Interview Study of Bosnian Judges and Prosecutors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlson, Kerstin Bree; Fletcher, Laurel; Weinstein, Harvey

    2000-01-01

    This study of judges and prosecutors in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter "BiH") is the first report in a multi-year study undertaken by the University of California, Berkeley, Human Rights Center regarding the relationship between justice, accountability and reconstruction in the former...... Yugoslavia. ... (c) Domestic effects of the ICTY: legal definitions of accountability and the rule of law; social reconstruction and war crimes; genocide; the role of the Dayton Accords and international law; and perceptions of the ICTY, including its goals, choice of those indicted, knowledge of specific...

  10. The creative powder of the judge within the mix of constitucional procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Bernal-Cano

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an explanatory summary of the judicial creativity so as to combine elements of constitutional processes to strengthen fundamental rights. It then presents an analysis of the sources of law and their equivalents in constitutional reasoning. To underline equity in the importance of sources, this article seeks to encourage the conciliatory work of the judges and creation of law within the limits of a coherent jurisprudence. The article then examines those areas in which the jurisprudence may change and the advantages of this for the evolution of constitutional law. One of the most important jurisprudential changes is the trend towards articulating the constitutional procedures.

  11. Setting the time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge. Final rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    We are amending our rules to state that our agency is responsible for setting the time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge (ALJ). This change creates a 3-year pilot program that will allow us to test this new authority. Our use of this authority, consistent with due process rights of claimants, may provide us with greater flexibility in scheduling both in-person and video hearings, lead to improved efficiency in our hearing process, and reduce the number of pending hearing requests. This change is a part of our broader commitment to maintaining a hearing process that results in accurate, high-quality decisions for claimants.

  12. Judge-Jury Interaction in Deliberation: Enhancement or Obstruction of Independent Jury Decision-Making?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae-Hyup Lee

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Korean jury system, jurors deliberate without interference of anyone, except when they cannot reach a unanimous verdict, in which case they must hear the judge’s opinion. If jurors convict the defendant, they also deliberate with the judge on sentencing and provide their opinions. This unique feature of the Korean jury system provides rare opportunities to examine the interaction of the lay people and judges in deliberation. Through direct observation and the content analysis of the shadow jury deliberations on actual cases in Korea, we will examine whether the judge’s intervention was helpful in jury decision-making or hampers the independent judgment of the jury. The result shows the collaborative deliberation amongst jurors and judges in sentencing, and in some cases in conviction, will mutually benefit both. In turn, jurors will retain the credibility of the judiciary while the judges will reflect upon their decisions in accordance with the legal consciousness of the lay people. En el sistema de jurados de Corea, los miembros del jurado deliberan sin interferencia de nadie, excepto cuando no pueden llegar a un veredicto unánime, en cuyo caso deben escuchar la opinión del juez. Si los miembros del jurado condenan al acusado, también deliberan con el juez a la hora de dictar sentencia y expresan sus opiniones. Esta característica única del sistema de jurados de Corea ofrece pocas oportunidades para examinar la interacción del jurado popular y los jueces durante su deliberación. A través de la observación directa y el análisis del contenido de las deliberaciones del jurado en la sombra sobre casos reales en Corea, se analizará si la intervención del juez fue útil en la toma de decisiones del jurado o dificulta su independencia de criterio. El resultado demuestra que la deliberación entre los miembros del jurado y los jueces a la hora de dictar sentencia, y en algunos casos al declarar culpable al acusado, beneficia a

  13. In the CJEU judges trust: A new approach in the judicial construction of Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral, Juan A.

    2016-01-01

    This articles aims to highlight the relevance of judicial trust in international courts, focusing on national judges’ trust in the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). EU Scholars have put a great deal of effort into explaining how legal and political factors affect the use of preliminary...... judicial system. A theory is offered in the article, which links national judges’ trust in the CJEU to their corporatist identification, their profile as EU law judge, their attitudes to the European Union and to their beliefs about the CJEU’s ability to provide decisions that: 1) offer a clear guidance...

  14. Polish pseudo-words list: dataset of 3023 stimuli with competent judges' ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imbir, Kamil K; Spustek, Tomasz; Żygierewicz, Jarosław

    2015-01-01

    Pseudo-words are stimuli, which are useful in research concerning lexical processing. As in the case of existing words, they are language dependent; thus, they should be generated for each language separately. The Polish Pseudo-words List (PPwL) is a dataset presenting a set of 3023 stimuli (words of 4-13 letters long). They were generated using an algorithm substituting random letters in existing words with respect to the frequency of letters in certain positions. We put out the raw set for a competent judges' assessment and included the responses in the dataset. PPwL allows the choice of suitable control stimuli for experiments concerning lexical processing.

  15. Can Observers Judge Future Circular Path Relative to a Target from Retinal Flow?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey A. Saunders

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the ability of observers to judge whether they will pass left or right of a visible target from simulated motion along a circular path. Strategies based on optic flow would generally require compensation for pursuit eye movements. Wann & Swapp (2000 proposed an alternative strategy that requires only retinal flow. The experiments compared three conditions that provide the same retinal flow but different observer-relative optic flow. In the heading-relative view condition, simulated view direction rotated with change in heading, as naturally occurs when driving a car. In target-relative view condition, simulated view direction rotated to keep the direction of the target constant. In world-relative view condition, the simulated view direction was fixed relative to the environment. If an observer fixates the target, these conditions produce the same retinal flow. The initial heading direction of simulated motion was varied across trials, and responses were used to compute PSEs representing perceptual bias. Judgments were most accurate in the heading-relative condition. In the target-relative and world-relative view conditions, PSEs indicated large biases consistent with underestimation of path curvature. The large biases suggest that retinal flow is not sufficient to judge future circular path relative to a target.

  16. An Apparent Descriptive Method for Judging the Synchronization of Rotation of Binary Stars

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Li Lin-sen

    2004-09-01

    The problem of the synchronous rotation of binary stars is judged by using a synchronous parameter introduced in an apparent descriptive method. The synchronous parameter is defined as the ratio of the rotational period to the orbital period. The author suggests several apparent phenomenal descriptive methods for judging the synchronization of rotation of binary stars. The first method is applicable when the orbital inclination is well-known. The synchronous parameter is defined by using the orbital inclination and the observable rotational velocity (1,2 sin ). The method is mainly suitable for eclipsing binary stars. Several others are suggested for the cases when the orbital inclination is unknown. The synchronous parameters are defined by using 1,2 sin , 1,2 sin3 , the mass function () and semi-amplitudes of the velocity curve, 1,2 given in catalogue of parameters of spectroscopic binary systems and (1,2 sin ). These methods are suitable for spectroscopic binary stars including those that show eclipses and visual binary stars concurrently. The synchronous parameters for fifty-five components in thirty binary systems are calculated by using several methods. The numerical results are listed in Tables 1 and 2. The statistical results are listed in Table 3. In addition, several apparent descriptive methods are discussed.

  17. The Urgency Of Ijtihad By Judges In Effort Law Invention At The Religion Court In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiljamilawati

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The presence of renewals in Islamic law resulting in the emergence of various changes in the social order of Muslims either in relation to ideology political social cultural and so on. It later brings new challenges that must be answered and therefore ijtihad must be continuously made to find a solution to the various problems of new law which is required by Muslims. The type of research is a normative-juridical and empirical research. Normative research is trying to examine the problem of law invention by the judge in the Religion Courts with a case approach. Ijtihad has a very urgent role in efforts to carry out duties as law enforcer and justice by digging follow and understand the legal values that live and develop in the peoples and accommodate the developments of Islamic law. The method of ijtihad by judges in the Religion Court use maqashid al-sharia and maslahah and istihsan method. At the practical level so characteristic inherent in the religion courts persists then should any verdict must include argument of Islamic law sources.

  18. Eager feelings and vigilant reasons: Regulatory focus differences in judging moral wrongs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornwell, James F. M.; Higgins, E. Tory

    2015-01-01

    For over a decade, moral psychologists have been actively researching the processes underlying moral judgments that are made intuitively without reference to an action’s concrete harms or injustice, such as the well-known case of non-procreative, consensual incest. We suggest that the reason some judge this scenario as wrong (using intuitive feelings) and others do not (using deliberative reasons) is due to an important motivational distinction. Consistent with this view, across seven studies, we demonstrate that negative judgments of such intuitive moral scenarios are more intense when processed in the promotion focus compared to the prevention focus, and that this is due to differences in whether eager (intuitive) versus vigilant (deliberative) means are employed in judging these moral wrongs. By examining various boundary conditions for this phenomenon and foundations for these judgments, we learn about the overall differences between promotion and prevention regarding how proscriptive judgments are processed, and begin to integrate these differences with existing theories in moral psychology. PMID:26726912

  19. Value of thyroid nodule ultrasonic strain elastography quantitative analysis in judging benignancy or malignancy of nodules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Yun Zhao; Hai-Xia Liu; Wei Tong; Jin-Zhong Huang; Chun Xiang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the value of thyroid nodule ultrasonic strain elastography quantitative analysis in judging benignancy or malignancy of nodules.Methods: Patients diagnosed with thyroid nodule and receiving ultrasonic strain elastography quantitative analysis in our hospital were selected for study and divided into benign group and malignant group according to fine needle biopsy or the pathological results after surgical resection; mean strain values of quantitative indicators, blue region area and disorder of ultrasonic strain elastography, expression levels of malignant biological molecules in nodule tissue as well as the contents of serum tumor markers were detected.Results:Mean strain value of malignant group was lower than that of benign group, blue region area and disorder were higher than those of benign group, and standard deviation, complexity, kurtosis, skewness, contrast, equality, consistency and correlation were without significant differences; mRNA contents ofFascin-1, S100A4, STAT3, TC-1, MUC1 andMUC15 in thyroid nodules as well as serum Midkine, Galectin-3, CEACAM1 and TFF3 contents of malignant group were significantly higher than those of benign group, negatively correlated with mean strain value and positively correlated with blue region area and disorder.Conclusions:Mean strain values of quantitative indicators, blue region area and disorder of thyroid nodule ultrasonic strain elastography can judge benign or malignant nodules and assess the malignant degree.

  20. Imago iudicis, Four Images from the History of Ideas on Judging (Imago iudicis, štiri podobe iz idejne zgodovine sojenja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Novak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article traces the developing image of a judge in Western legal thought. It starts with the famous Montesquieu’s characterisation of a judge as “the mouth that pronounces the words of the law”. Despite our common intuition (that he was describing a Continental judge, he was, the author argues, in fact offering his best understanding of an English judge. His portrayal has to a large extent corresponded with the self-understanding an English judge of that time (and long afterwards surely held. Gradually, Montesquieu’s image of a judge became synonymous with formalistic approach to judging, triggering a backlash. The German Free Law Movement is perhaps the most influential embodiment of such a reaction. Arguing for the recognition of a creative aspect of judging, they relied on their understanding of a common law judge, which was then still at odds with the official self-image cultivated by English judges. In the next decades, the same disillusion with a mechanistic image of judging prevalent also in the United States gave rise to American Legal Realism. The Realists adopted the Free Law Movement agenda to an important extent, part and parcel with the conviction that judicial creativity is an innate characteristic of a judge’s role. It is this conviction that still occupies the centre of all modern theories on judicial decision-making.

  1. 粗蛋白质测定仪测奶制品蛋白质比较分析%Determination of protein content in analysis Part of products the Dali milk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红云; 季守莲; 宋正蕊

    2011-01-01

    目的:预期掌握目前部分大理产奶制品中蛋白质含量以及非蛋白质氮的含量情况,并与外包装指示含量进行比较与奶制品是否一致。方法:粗蛋白测定法,根据微量凯氏定氮法的原理,测定奶制品中总凝固沉淀物重量,及奶制品中非沉淀物经三氯乙酸处理后取沉淀再采用沉淀重量法测定蛋白质含量并与国家规定标准(简称"国标")进行比较。结果:将调味牛奶、酸牛奶、纯牛奶、奶粉中总含氮物质与真蛋白质的含量进行比较,差异没有统计学意义,蛋白质含量与外包装上标注的蛋白质含量接近一致,蛋白质含量均达到国标以上。结论:目前部分大理产调味牛奶、酸牛奶、纯牛奶、奶粉中不含有非食用氮物质,蛋白质含量与外包装上标注的蛋白质含量接近一致,所测量的部分大理产奶制品的蛋白质含量符合国家奶制品蛋白质含量标准。%Objective:Master and non protein nitrogen content the expected part of Dali milk protein content of products,and packaging instructions compare the content of dairy products and consistency.Methods:According to the micro Kjeldahl determination principle,crude protein determination method,in dairy products and total coagulation precipitate weight,and milk products of sediment by trichloroacetic acid treatment and precipitation with precipitat-ed gravimetric method for the determination of protein content and with the national standard(referred to as" GB") were compared.Results:Protein content and packaging on annotation of protein content in close conformity,protein content reached GB or more,the flavoured mi-lk,sour milk,pure milk,milk powder of total nitrogen and protein content were compared,t-he difference was not statistically significant.Conclusion:The measured part of Dali milk p-roducts of protein content in line with national dairy protein content standard,some Dali fl-avoured milk,sour milk

  2. 大理地区志贺菌的血清型分布及耐药性分析%Study on Serotype Distribution and Drug Resistance of Shigellae in Dali

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国富; 薛士鹏; 白丽; 吴利先

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解大理地区志贺菌的血清型分布及对12种常用抗生素的耐药性。方法:通过分离培养和鉴定得到68株志贺菌,血清学鉴定其血清型,K-B法检测其对12种抗生素的敏感性。结果:血清学鉴定显示68株志贺菌中福氏志贺菌41株,宋内氏志贺菌25株,鲍氏志贺菌2株。志贺菌对萘啶酸耐药率最高,对复方磺胺甲噁唑和氨苄西林耐药率较高;对头孢曲松和头孢噻肟较敏感,对喹诺酮类显示出不同程度的耐药。结论:大理地区以福氏志贺菌感染为主。在志贺菌治疗中可首选头孢曲松和头孢噻肟。%Objective: To investigate the serotype distribution of Shigellae in Dali and evaluate the resistance of Shigellae to 12 common used drugs. Methods: Serotypes of 68 isolated and identified strains of Shigellae were measured. K-B test was applied to define the drug-resistance of Shigellae to 12 different drugs. Results: Among 68 strains examined, 41 were Shigella Flexner, 25 were Shigella sonnei and 2 were Shigella boydii identified by serotype. Shigellae showed the highest drug resistance to nalidixic acid, with followed sulfalene and nalidixic and varying extents of drug resistance to quinolones; Shigellae was sensitive to ceftriaxone and cefotaxime. Conclusion: These results suggest that Shigella Flexner is the main infection strains in Dali and ceftriaxone and cefotaxime should be preferred in the treatment with Shigellae.

  3. 大理学院昆明附属医院常用药品剂型分析%Analysis on Commonly Used Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms in Kunming Affiliated Hospital of Dali University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学昌

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analyze commonly used pharmaceutical dosage forms in Kunming Affiliated Hospital of Dali University so as to provide suggestions on a rational use of medicine.Method: Statistics of defined daily dose(DDD) of medicine,medication frequency(DDDs) and frequency analysis of oral controlled release drugs in 2009 were analyzed.Result: Data showed that the oral traditional tablets and capsules accounted for 88.36%,sustained-release tablets and capsules accounted for 5.67%,and controlled-release tablet accounted for 0.6%.The majority of sustained or controlled release tablets were cardiovascular medicine.Conclusion: Traditional tablets and capsules were widely used in Kunming Affiliated Hospital of Dali University.The use of sustained and controlled released drug delivery system should be strengthened.%目的:对大理学院昆明附属医院药剂科常用药品的剂型种类进行调查和分析,为临床合理用药提供参考。方法:统计住院药房2010年在用药品剂型情况。采用限定日剂量(DDD)、用药频率(DDDs)和用药频度排序作为指标,对2009年我院口服缓控释药物的使用情况进行统计、分析。结果:口服普通片剂与胶囊剂占88.36%,缓释片剂与胶囊剂占5.67%,控释片剂约占0.6%。我院口服缓控释药物的应用以心血管系统用药为主。结论:我院住院药房以传统片剂、胶囊剂为主,应加强缓释制剂和控释制剂的应用与推广。

  4. Sensitivity Detection of Tobacco Black Shank Pathogens to Fungicide Dimethomorph in Dali, Yunnan%大理州烟草黑胫病菌对烯酰吗啉的敏感性测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    户艳霞; 裴卫华; 曹继芬; 周丽凤; 王新中; 徐发华; 杨明英; 赵志坚

    2015-01-01

    It is crucial and helpful for plant disease management to detect resistance level of fungicide. Baseline sensitivity of Phytophthora nicotianae to fungicide dimethomorph was established based on in vitro assay and the dimethomorph resistance level of black shank pathogens collected from different tobacco planting zones in Dali were measured. The results showed that baseline sensitivity of P. nicotianae to dimethomorph was 1.4656 μg/mL. The range of EC50 values of all sixty-eight field isolates to dimethomorph was 0.5857 to 2.5254μg/mL, in which average value was 1.1118μg/mL. This result suggest that P. nicotianae isolates collected from Dali were high sensitive to dimethomorph and the resistance risk of black shank pathogens was low. Dimethomorph can be deployed to prevent tobacco black shank effectively, but it should be a reasonable rotation with different fungicides.%采用含药平板法建立烟草黑胫病菌对杀菌剂烯酰吗啉的敏感基线,并测定了2013年从云南省大理州各烟区分离纯化的烟草黑胫病菌菌株对烯酰吗啉的敏感性。结果显示,烟草黑胫病菌的敏感基线为1.4656μg/mL;68个田间菌株对烯酰吗啉的EC50值在0.5857~2.5254μg/mL之间,平均为1.1118μg/mL。表明烯酰吗啉对烟草黑胫病菌的活性较高,大理州烟草黑胫病菌的抗药性风险较低。烯酰吗啉可用于大理州烟草黑胫病的有效防控,但应与其他杀菌剂进行合理的轮换使用。

  5. Evolution of the alluvial fans of the Luo River in the Weihe Basin, central China, controlled by faulting and climate change - A reevaluation of the paleogeographical setting of Dali Man site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rits, Daniël S.; van Balen, Ronald T.; Prins, Maarten A.; Zheng, Hongbo

    2017-06-01

    The Luo River is located in the southern part of the Chinese Loess Plateau and the northern part of the Weihe Basin, in Central China. In the basin it flows proximal to the site of the Luyang Wetland core, which is an important archive of climate change over the past 1 Myr in this region. In this paper, the contribution of the Luo River to the sedimentary record is analyzed by reconstructing the evolution of this river during the Middle to Late Pleistocene. It is argued that an alluvial fan of the Luo River has contributed to the sedimentary archive until approximately 200-240 ka. From this moment onwards, the fan became incised and terraces began to form. The formation of a new alluvial fan further downstream led to the disconnection of the Luo River from the Luyang Wetland core site. We propose that this series of events was caused by the displacement of an intra-basinal fault and the resultant faulting-forced folding, which caused increased relative subsidence, and thus increased sedimentation rates at the core site. Therefore, a complete sediment record in the 'Luyang Wetland' was preserved, despite the disconnection from the Luo River. The chronology of the fans and terraces was established using existing age control (U-series, ESR, OSL, pIRIR290 and magnetic susceptibility correlation), and through correlation of the loess-paleosol cover to marine isotope stages. Based on sedimentological characteristics of the fluvial sequence, we suggest that incision of the Luo River occurred in two steps. Small incisions took place at transitions to interglacials and the main incision phases occur at the transition from an interglacial to glacial climate. Due to the incision, basal parts of the oldest Luo River alluvial fan are exposed, and it is in one of these exposures that the famous Dali Man skull was retrieved. This study shows that the Dali Man did not live on a river terrace as previously thought, but on an aggrading alluvial fan, during wet, glacial conditions.

  6. Investigation of the Microbial Contamination of Student's Mobiles in Some College in Dali%大理某高校学生手机卫生微生物污染状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芸; 王双双; 马璐璐; 李姗姗; 普绕东; 季守莲

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the microbial contamination of the students' mobile phone in a college in Dali, and to provide reasonable suggestions on how to reduce microbial contamination. Methods: Bacterial culture and detection were conducted on samples on mobile phone from 100 randomly selected students at a college in Dali. Results: Bacterial pollution was serious in students mobile phone, the total number of bacteria detection rate was 96% (96/100), and the total number of bacteria pollution exceed the standard rate of 25%(25/100). Exceed standard rate of total bacteria on keypad mobile phone was higher than that on the touch screen mobile phone(P<0.05). The positive rate of coliform group was 24%(24/100), and the coliform group detection rate of male cases was higher than that of females(P<0.05). Conclusion:Microorganism contamination was serious for college students, who were lack of understanding and effective disinfection and protection measures.%目的:了解大理某高校部分学生手机微生物污染状况,为有效减少微生物污染提供合理建议。方法:随机抽取大理某高校100名学生手机进行采样、细菌培养及检测。结果:学生手机细菌污染严重,细菌总数检出率为96%(96/100),细菌总数超标率为25%(25/100);对触屏手机与按键手机的细菌总数超标率进行比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),且按键手机的细菌总数超标率高于触屏手机;大肠菌群阳性检出率为24%(24/100);对男女生手机之间存在的大肠菌群进行比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),且男生手机大肠菌群检出率高于女生。结论:大学生手机微生物污染情况严重,缺乏认识及有效的消毒与保护措施。

  7. Thinking about Judges and Judicial Performance: Perspective of the Public and Court Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Rottman

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies of the courts, conducted primarily in the United States, suggest that the way legal professionals think about judging underpins nearly all official evaluations of judicial performance. The general public has a different view than lawyers of judging that merits consideration along with the type of criteria emphasized by the legal community. Research demonstrates that the public places the greatest importance on the extent to which a judge reaches decisions through a process that meets the public's expectations of fairness. Surveys of California residents and California attorneys are used to demonstrate the importance of procedural justice for explaining whether people have trust in the courts and regard court decisions as legitimate. The article describes and critiques existing judicial performance evaluation programs that incorporate procedural justice principles as a dimension for measuring judicial quality through both survey and observational methods. Los estudios sobre tribunales llevados a cabo principalmente en Estados Unidos, sugieren que la opinión sobre el hecho de juzgar de los profesionales del derecho están detrás de casi todas las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial oficiales. El público general tiene una visión del hecho de juzgar diferente a la de los abogados, que debe tenerse en cuenta junto con los criterios destacados por la comunidad jurídica. La investigación demuestra que el público da mayor importancia a que un juez tome una decisión a través de un proceso que cumpla con sus expectativas de justicia. Se emplean encuestas a residentes de California y abogados de California para demostrar la importancia de la justicia procesal, a la hora de explicar si la gente tiene confianza en los tribunales y perciben las decisiones judiciales como legítimas. El artículo describe y critica los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial que incorporan principios de justicia procesal como una dimensión para

  8. Survey Research on the Relationship between Acculturation and Chinese Language Learning of South Asia Students in MBBS Program in Dali University%大理学院MBBS项目南亚留学生文化适应与汉语学习关系的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张如梅

    2015-01-01

    Based on John H. Schumann's acculturation model, this paper conducts a survey research of the acculturation of MBBS students from South Asia in Dali University. After analyzing the statistic data, this paper tries to explain the influence of the acculturation situation on MBBS students' Chinese language learning in Dali University, and puts forward suggestions for improving the acculturation.%以John H. Schumann的文化适应模式为理论依据,对大理学院MBBS项目南亚留学生进行文化适应调查,并对调查的数据进行分析,以期阐释大理学院MBBS项目南亚留学生的文化适应对他们的汉语学习所产生的影响,并提出改善文化适应的建议。

  9. Ethical aspects of judging the alternative treatment of children with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enskär, K

    1995-03-01

    In recent decades the improved treatment of childhood cancer has increased the proportion of children being cured. However, the intensive treatment required also implies a heavy burden for the children and their families. The purpose of this article is to judge the ethical aspects of different treatment regimens used for children with cancer by means of a case study. The analysis is based on the ethical model by Beauchamp and Childress. The assessment is based on every person, or group of persons, involved and is on the principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice. The analysis shows that intensification of treatment of children with cancer is ethically justified from a deontological point of view. The consequences are more difficult to anticipate from a utilitarian perspective.

  10. Passage number affects the pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells as judged by tetraploid embryo aggregation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiang-Yun; Jia, Qing; Di, Ke-Qian; Gao, Shu-Min; Wen, Xiao-Hui; Zhou, Rong-Yan; Wei, Wei; Wang, Li-Ze

    2007-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether the number of passages affected the developmental pluripotency of embryonic stem (ES) cells as measured by the attainment of adult fertile mice derived from embryonic stem (ES) cell/tetraploid embryo complementation. Thirty-six newborns were produced by the aggregation of tetraploid embryos and hybrid ES cells after various numbers of passages. These newborns were entirely derived from ES cells as judged by microsatellite DNA, coat-color phenotype, and germline transmission. Although 15 survived to adulthood, 17 died of respiratory failure, and four were eaten by their foster mother. From the 15 mice that reached adulthood and that could reproduce, none arose from ES cells at passage level 15 or more. All 15 arose from cells at passages 3-11. Our results demonstrate that the number of passages affects the developmental pluripotency of ES cells.

  11. Judging the pleasantness of contour-rhythm-pitch-timbre musical combinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makris, Ioannis; Mullet, Etienne

    2003-01-01

    The way people with various degrees of musical training integrate timbre, melodic contour, rhythm, and pitch information in an overall pleasantness judgment for musical excerpts was investigated. The theoretical and methodological framework of the study was the functional theory of cognition. In 2 experiments, participants were asked to attribute an overall pleasantness value to combinations of these factors. In Experiment 1, timbre, contour, rhythm, and overall pitch were manipulated. In Experiment 2, timbre and theme (a pattern of pitch and rhythm) were manipulated. Both experiments showed that in judging the pleasantness of musical combinations, participants apply a simple, additive rule in which the weight attributed to one element does not depend of the value of the other elements. Very few differences in regard to the combination rule were observed between participants with and without musical training. These results are discussed in reference to the controversy over pitch and rhythm interaction.

  12. Evaluation of Helical CT Scanning in Judging the Invasion and Metastasis of Gastric Carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAOJianbo; KONGXiangquan; GUOHua; LIShuxin; YANGXuehua; LIYintai; ZHANGZhixu

    2004-01-01

    To determine the accuracy of triphase enhanced helical CT in judging the invasion and metastasis of gastric carcinoma, and to discuss the relation between imaging signs and pathological findings. Methods: Triphase enhanced helical CT scanning was performed in 46 patients with gastric carcinoma. Imaging findings were compared with postoperative pathologic results. Results: (1) The accuracy of helical CT for diagnosing involvement of tunica serosa, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis was 84.8%, 87.0% and 100~ respectively. (2) CT signs of serosal involvement, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis were in good accordance with pathological findings (P<0.05). Conclusion: Triphase enhanced helical CT scans can comprehensively and precisely reflect the pathologic characteristics of gastric carcinoma, thus it is a reliable technique for the diagnosis of this disease.

  13. [Dentistry and healthcare legislation 11. The dentist and the civil law judge: claims].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brands, W G; van der Ven, J M; Eijkman, M A J

    2014-09-01

    In contrast to the law governing complaints and to disciplinary law, a civil law judge can sentence dentists to the restoration of all damages to patients. For this to happen, there has to be evidence of damage, responsibility and a causal connection. For the assumption of responsibility as well as a causal connection, an important question is whether a dentist has violated a relevant guideline or protocol. Moreover, dentists are not only responsible for their own mistakes, but also, in principle, for those of their employees. Depending on the situation, dentists can also be held accountable for the mistakes of a dentist who is working in their practice on a self-employed basis. Dutch dentists do not yet have to fear American situations', because damages awarded in The Netherlands are still relatively low.

  14. Nationalism, Secularism and Liberal Neutrality: The Danish Case of Judges and Religious Symbols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nils Holtug

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2009, a law was passed in the Danish parliament, according to which judges cannot wear religious symbols in courts of law. First, I trace the development of this legislation from resistance to Muslim religious practices on the nationalist right to ideas in mainstream Danish politics about secularism and state neutrality – a process I refer to as ‘liberalization’. Second, I consider the plausibility of such liberal justifications for restrictions on religious symbols in the public sphere and, in particular, for the ban on the wearing of religious symbols by judges. I argue that such justifications are flawed and so are not plausible corollaries of anti-Islamic justifications originating on the nationalist right.En 2009, le Parlement danois a voté une loi qui stipule que l’interdiction pour les de porter des signes religieux dans les tribunaux. Dans ce texte, je retrace en premier lieu le développement de cette législation, depuis la résistance aux pratiques musulmanes de la droite nationaliste jusqu’aux idées répandues dans la politique danoise à propos du sécularisme et de la neutralité d’État – un processus que je qualifie de « libéralisation ». En second lieu, je considère la plausibilité de telles justifications libérales en ce qui concerne les restrictions sur la présence de symboles religieux dans la sphère publique et, en particulier, l’interdiction faite aux juges de porter des signes religieux. Je défends l’idée que de telles justifications sont déficientes et ne constituent pas des corolaires plausibles des justifications antimusulmanes en provenance de la droite nationaliste.

  15. Do Tele-Operators Learn to Better Judge Whether a Robot Can Pass Through an Aperture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidlin, Elizabeth A; Jones, Keith S

    2016-03-01

    This experiment examined whether tele-operators learn to better judge a robot's ability to pass through an aperture, hereafter referred to as pass-ability judgments, and detailed the nature of such learning. Jones, Johnson, and Schmidlin reported that tele-operators' pass-ability judgments did not improve over the course of their experiment, which was surprising. In each of seven blocks, tele-operators made pass-ability judgments about 10 apertures whose width varied. During each trial, participants drove the robot toward the aperture, answered yes or no to whether it could pass through that aperture, and then attempted to drive the robot through the aperture. Pass-ability judgments were analyzed in terms of percentage correct and absolute thresholds; the latter mimicked how Jones et al. analyzed their data. Learning was revealed when judgments were analyzed in terms of percentage correct and not when analyzed in terms of absolute thresholds. Further analyses revealed that tele-operators only improved their pass-ability judgments for impassable apertures, and tele-operators' perceptual sensitivity and response bias changed over the course of the experiment. The percentage correct-based analyses revealed that tele-operators learned to make better pass-ability judgments. Jones et al.'s decision to analyze their data in terms of absolute thresholds obscured learning. The present results suggested that researchers should employ percentage correct when studying learning in this domain, training protocols should focus on improving tele-operators' abilities to judge the pass-ability of impassable apertures, and tele-operators truly learned to better discriminate passable and impassable apertures. © 2015, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

  16. The agreeableness asymmetry in first impressions: perceivers' impulse to (mis)judge agreeableness and how it is moderated by power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, Daniel R; Bianchi, Emily C

    2008-12-01

    Prior research shows that perceivers can judge some traits better than others in first impressions of targets. However, questions remain about which traits perceivers naturally do infer. Here, the authors develop an account of the "agreeableness asymmetry": Although perceivers show little ability to accurately gauge target agreeableness in first impressions, they find that agreeableness is generally the most commonly inferred disposition among the Big Five dimensions of personality (agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness, and emotional stability). Using open-ended impressions based on photographs, videos, and face-to-face encounters, three studies show agreeableness as the most prevalently judged of the Big Five, although it is also poorly judged in both absolute and relative terms. The authors use interpersonal power to reveal an underlying mechanism. Manipulating the power of perceivers relative to targets substantially shifts impression content, suggesting that habitual interaction and relational concerns may partially explain perceiver's chronic interest in assessing agreeableness despite their limited ability to do so.

  17. Dali Local Drinking Water Monitoring Results of the Analysis of Arsenic Poisoning%大理市地方性饮水性砷中毒的监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金宁

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解大理市饮水含砷量及地方性砷中毒病情防治现状。方法将6个自然村(南村、名庄、青山、双廊、河埂和海印)做为监测点,调查防砷改水进度及工程管理使用情况;同时测定饮水含砷量。结果6个村砷中毒检出率为6.99%,海印村最高。砷中毒病人的年龄与检出率正相关(P point, the progress of the investigation and the anti-arsenic water improvement project management and use; Simultaneous determination of arsenic in drinking water. Results 6 vil ages detection rate of 6.99% arsenic poisoning, was the highest haiyin vil age. Arsenic poisoning the patient's age and the detection rate of positive correlation (P<0.05);6 vil ages arsenic poisoning death of 12 people (representing 15.38%); Vil age water arsenic levels exceeding the highest rate. Conclusion Dali City endemic arsenic poisoning of drinking water on the whole extent of the disease is mild, but need to pay attention to prevention and treatment monitoring.

  18. Determination and Analysis of Phenolic Contents in Market Vegetables and Fruits in Xiaguan Town, Dali%大理市下关镇市售蔬菜水果中酚含量的测定及结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄菊华; 高春燕

    2015-01-01

    采用超声波辅助提取技术对大理市下关镇市售蔬菜水果中的游离酚和结合酚进行提取,并采用福林-酚法测定其酚含量。试验结果表明,同一样品不同部位酚含量存在差异;水果中总酚含量高于蔬菜中总酚;蔬菜水果中游离酚含量均高于结合酚。%Use the ultrasonic assisted extraction technique to extract the free phenolic and bound phenolic in the market vegetables and fruits in Xiaguan town, Dali, and use Folin-phenol mehtod determinate phenolic contents. Experimental results showed that the phenolic contents were different in different parts of the same sample; the total phenolic in fruits was higher than that of in vegetables; free phenolic content in fruits and vegetables was higher than the bound phenolic.

  19. Analysis of the Value of “Lion Dance” Course in Colleges and Universities in Yunnan——Specific Thoughts of Lion Dance in Dali University%云南高校开设舞狮运动课程的价值探析——以大理学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建超; 王生伟

    2012-01-01

    Using literature survey,field survey method and expert interview,this paper aims to study the value of lion dance course in Dali University.The results show that the opening of lion dance course can make great contribution to inherit national sports and promote traditional culture in Dali.It also adds light spot to Dali's tourism resources.The lion dance sports is beneficial to enrich students' extracurricular cultural life,develop students' team spirit and broaden students' employment channels.It is also beneficial to increase the popularity of Dali University and expand international communication results.%采用文献资料法、田野调查法、专家访谈法对大理学院开设舞狮运动课程的价值进行研究。开设舞狮运动课程对传承大理民族体育、弘扬民族文化具有重要意义,能够为大理的旅游资源添加又一亮点,有利于丰富学生的课余文化生活,培养学生的团队精神,拓宽学生的就业渠道,有利于提升大理学院的知名度,扩大国际交流成果。

  20. Patients with epilepsy and doctors judge the severity of impairments differently : Findings from an internet-survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geerts, Erwin; Reitsma, Ben; van de Wiel, Harry

    We investigated how patients with epilepsy (n = 225) and doctors of patients with epilepsy (n = 70) judge the severity of epilepsy-related impairments. The impairments that patients experience depended on the age of the debut but not on the patient's age or gender. Patients and doctors differ in

  1. Identification of Children's Stuttered and Nonstuttered Speech by Highly Experienced Judges: Binary Judgments and Comparisons with Disfluency-Types Definitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bothe, Anne K.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purposes of this study were (a) to determine whether highly experienced clinicians and researchers agreed with each other in judging the presence or absence of stuttering in the speech of children who stutter and (b) to determine how those binary stuttered/nonstuttered judgments related to categorizations of the same speech based on…

  2. 42 CFR 422.1074 - Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or dismissal. 422.1074 Section 422.1074 Public Health CENTERS... MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Appeal procedures for Civil Money Penalties § 422.1074 Right to...

  3. 42 CFR 423.1074 - Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or dismissal. 423.1074 Section 423.1074 Public Health CENTERS... VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Appeal Procedures for Civil Money Penalties § 423.1074 Right...

  4. 42 CFR 498.80 - Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Appeals Board Review § 498.80 Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Right to request Departmental Appeals Board review of Administrative Law Judge's decision or dismissal. 498.80 Section 498.80 Public Health CENTERS...

  5. 5 CFR 2430.12 - Administrative Law Judge's decision; contents; service; transfer of case to the Authority...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY, GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS... FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY AWARDS OF ATTORNEY FEES AND OTHER EXPENSES § 2430.12 Administrative Law... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative Law Judge's...

  6. 42 CFR 422.1090 - Basis, timing, and authority for reopening an Administrative Law Judge or Board decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis, timing, and authority for reopening an Administrative Law Judge or Board decision. 422.1090 Section 422.1090 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE... PROGRAM Appeal procedures for Civil Money Penalties § 422.1090 Basis, timing, and authority for...

  7. 42 CFR 423.1090 - Basis, timing, and authority for reopening an Administrative Law Judge or Board decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis, timing, and authority for reopening an Administrative Law Judge or Board decision. 423.1090 Section 423.1090 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE... PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Appeal Procedures for Civil Money Penalties § 423.1090 Basis, timing, and...

  8. 8 CFR 1337.2 - Oath administered by the Immigration and Naturalization Service or an Immigration Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Oath administered by the Immigration and Naturalization Service or an Immigration Judge. 1337.2 Section 1337.2 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE NATIONALITY REGULATIONS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE § 1337.2...

  9. 8 CFR 337.2 - Oath administered by the Immigration and Naturalization Service or an Immigration Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Oath administered by the Immigration and Naturalization Service or an Immigration Judge. 337.2 Section 337.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS OATH OF ALLEGIANCE § 337.2 Oath administered by the Immigration...

  10. Bananas Can't Talk: Young Children Judging the Reality of Big Bird, Bugs and the Banana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Susan

    1996-01-01

    Used a Piagetian model to examine five 4-year-olds' perceptions of the reality of television characters. Found that children understand that television images are representations with varying degrees of relationship to reality and that children used a number of strategies for judging the extent to which characters were "real," such as the presence…

  11. On Image of Judge in Written Judgment%判决书中的法官形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴月秋; 李真真

    2013-01-01

    全面看待法官是公民的权利和公民责任,全面展示法官形象则是法官的本分。于法官或公民而言,全面的法官形象应该在判决书中。在一份全面、充分说理的严格意义的判决书中,法官是法律信用的督察者、法律解释中的立法者、道德与普法教育中的教师、法律服务中的售货员、合议博弈中的商人以及学者。%It is a right and responsibility for a citizen to treat a judge comprehensively, while it is a duty to Show the image of the judge in an all-round way. For both of them, the image of the judge should be displayed in the written judgment. In such a comprehensive written judgment with the sufficient reason and meaning, a judge is a legal credit supervisor, a legislator for legal interpretation, a teacher of the moral and legal education, a salesman of legal service, a collegiate game businessman and a scholar.

  12. 34 CFR 222.157 - What procedures apply for issuing or appealing an administrative law judge's decision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What procedures apply for issuing or appealing an administrative law judge's decision? 222.157 Section 222.157 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT...

  13. Can rapid assessment protocols be used to judge sediment impairment in gravel-bed streams? A commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas E. Lisle; John M. Buffington; Peter R. Wilcock; Kristin Bunte

    2015-01-01

    Land management agencies commonly use rapid assessments to evaluate the impairment of gravel-bed streams by sediment inputs from anthropogenic sources. We question whether rapid assessment can be used to reliably judge sediment impairment at a site or in a region. Beyond the challenges of repeatable and accurate sampling, we argue that a single metric or protocol is...

  14. Summary of Work Performed Pursuant to the Development of Training Manuals for a Highway Safety Workshop for Traffic Court Judges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

    The report summarizes the work involved in developing a highway safety workshop for traffic court judges. It describes the testing of previously developed workshop materials and their evaluation, resulting in a contract modification to redesign and refocus the workshop. The report identifies the resources and procedures used in this development…

  15. Justice as Told by Judges: The Case of Litigation over Local Anti-Immigrant Legislation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Marie Provine

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In the absence of comprehensive immigration reform at the federal level, many American states and localities are undertaking their own legal reforms. The new state and local laws have been challenged by immigrant-rights organizations and individuals on the grounds that the federal government has already pre-empted the field. The lawsuits bring a new narrative voice—that of judges—into the boiling U.S. immigration debate. Judges engage the controversy over local enforcement of immigration enforcement, as they have other contentious disputes, both as pragmatic decision-makers and as spokespersons for justice. The tensions this dual role entails are explored here in the context of a single, controversial case. Close-up analysis of the judge’s narrative strategy reveals a range of specific techniques to create moral distance from a decision, combined, ironically, with the enlistment of moral themes to justify the ruling. The inter-twining of rule-of-law and justice rhetoric mirrors and also shapes a broader politics of justice in the United States.

  16. Persistent Reliance on Facial Appearance Among Older Adults When Judging Someone's Trustworthiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Atsunobu

    2016-03-30

    When judging someone's trustworthiness, facial appearance is a salient but nondiagnostic cue. Such judgments should ideally be based on the memory of that person's past behaviors during social interaction. Aging may impair memory-based decision making, predicting an age-related decline in individuals' adjustment of trustworthiness judgment using such behavioral information. However, aging may also facilitate the use of diagnostic information for social inference, predicting an age-related improvement. I tested these competing predictions to obtain insight into the effects of aging on fraud victimization. Thirty-six older adults (OAs) and 36 younger adults (YAs) played four rounds of a trust game wherein they were the truster and had to learn the distinction between "good" and "bad" trustees who always cooperated with and cheated participants, respectively. The trustee's facial appearance (trustworthy- and untrustworthy looking) and character (good and bad) were manipulated orthogonally. A memory test of the trustees' characters revealed that even after four rounds of the game, OAs, but not YAs, were biased to guess that trustworthy-looking persons were good trustees. Persistent reliance on facial trustworthiness could increase one's risk of repeated fraud victimization among OAs, because fraudulent people can pretend to look trustworthy to acquire another's trust. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  17. Judging trustworthiness from faces: Emotion cues modulate trustworthiness judgments in young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caulfield, Frances; Ewing, Louise; Bank, Samantha; Rhodes, Gillian

    2016-08-01

    By adulthood, people judge trustworthiness from appearances rapidly and reliably. However, we know little about these judgments in children. This novel study investigates the developmental trajectory of explicit trust judgments from faces, and the contribution made by emotion cues across age groups. Five-, 7-, 10-year-olds, and adults rated the trustworthiness of trustworthy and untrustworthy faces with neutral expressions. The same participants also rated faces displaying overt happy and angry expressions, allowing us to investigate whether emotion cues modulate trustworthiness judgments similarly in children and adults. Results revealed that the ability to evaluate the trustworthiness of faces emerges in childhood, but may not be adult like until 10 years of age. Moreover, we show that emotion cues modulate trust judgments in young children, as well as adults. Anger cues diminished the appearance of trustworthiness for participants from 5 years of age and happy cues increased it, although this effect did not consistently emerge until later in childhood, that is, 10 years of age. These associations also extended to more subtle emotion cues present in neutral faces. Our results indicate that young children are sensitive to facial trustworthiness, and suggest that similar expression cues modulate these judgments in children and adults. © 2015 The British Psychological Society.

  18. A contextual approach to social skills assessment in the peer group: who is the best judge?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Kyongboon; Kim, Elizabeth Moorman; Sheridan, Susan M

    2012-09-01

    Using a contextual approach to social skills assessment in the peer group, this study examined the criterion-related validity of contextually relevant social skills and the incremental validity of peers and teachers as judges of children's social skills. Study participants included 342 (180 male and 162 female) students and their classroom teachers (N = 22) from rural communities. As expected, contextually relevant social skills were significantly related to a variety of social status indicators (i.e., likability, peer- and teacher-assessed popularity, reciprocated friendships, clique centrality) and positive school functioning (i.e., school liking and academic competence). Peer-assessed social skills, not teacher-assessed social skills, demonstrated consistent incremental validity in predicting various indicators of social status outcomes; peer- and teacher-assessed social skills alike showed incremental validity in predicting positive school functioning. The relation between contextually relevant social skills and study outcomes did not vary by child gender. Findings are discussed in terms of the significance of peers in the assessment of children's social skills in the peer group as well as the usefulness of a contextual approach to social skills assessment.

  19. Health risks in perspective: Judging health risks of energy technologies. Revision 5/94

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rowe, M.D.

    1992-09-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide perspective on the various risks to which man is routinely exposed. It serves as a basis for understanding the meaning of quantitative risk estimates and for comparing new or newly-discovered risks with other, better-understood risks. Specific emphasis is placed on health risks of energy technologies. This report is not a risk assessment; nor does it contain instructions on how to do a risk assessment. Rather, it provides background information on how most of us think about risks and why it is difficult to do it rationally, it provides a philosophy and data with which to do a better job of judging risks more rationally, and it provides an overview of where risks of energy technologies fit within the spectrum of all risks. Much of the quantitative information provided here is on relative risk of dying of various causes. This is not because risk of dying is seen as the most important kind of risk, but because the statistics on mortality rates by cause are the highest quality data available on health risks in the general population.

  20. Optimization of Online Judge Systems%Online Judge系统的优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄奇东; 王键闻; 张楠; 张爽; 任娜

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the application and performance optimization of Online Judge Systems in terms of web page and database caching, server architecture, testing and processing rules in multi-core environment, front-end asynchronous response, data table design, cross-platform support, source code plagiarism detection, automatic generation of test cases, etc., which enhances the evaluation efficiency while reducing the number of servers, saving operating coses. And then, it discusses the general idea on die implementation of a unified test platform for intelligent optimization algorithms.%从Web页面和数据库缓存、服务器架构、多核评测处理规则、前端异步响应、数据表设计、跨平台支持、源代码抄袭检测、测试用例自动生成等方面优化了Online Judge系统,使得评测效率提高的同时减少了服务器数量,节约了运行成本.最后讨论了基于Online Judge系统实现智能优化算法的统一测试平台的方法.

  1. Judging where a ball will go: the case of curved free kicks in football

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Cathy M.; Berton, Eric; Rao, Guillaume; Fernandez, Laure; Bootsma, Reinoud J.

    2006-02-01

    This study examined whether adding spin to a ball in the free kick situation in football affects a professional footballer’s perception of the ball’s future arrival position. Using a virtual reality set-up, participants observed the flight paths of aerodynamically realistic free kicks with (±600 rpm) and without sidespin. With the viewpoint being fixed in the centre of the goal, participants had to judge whether the ball would have ended up in the goal or not. Results show that trajectories influenced by the Magnus force caused by sidespin gave rise to a significant shift in the percentage of goal responses. The resulting acceleration that causes the ball to continually change its heading direction as the trajectory unfolds does not seem to be taken into account by the participants when making goal judgments. We conclude that the visual system is not attuned to such accelerated motion, which may explain why goalkeepers appear to misjudge the future arrival point of such curved free kicks.

  2. Sex differences in accuracy and precision when judging time to arrival: data from two Internet studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Geoff; Sinclair, Kamila

    2011-12-01

    We report two Internet studies that investigated sex differences in the accuracy and precision of judging time to arrival. We used accuracy to mean the ability to match the actual time to arrival and precision to mean the consistency with which each participant made their judgments. Our task was presented as a computer game in which a toy UFO moved obliquely towards the participant through a virtual three-dimensional space on route to a docking station. The UFO disappeared before docking and participants pressed their space bar at the precise moment they thought the UFO would have docked. Study 1 showed it was possible to conduct quantitative studies of spatiotemporal judgments in virtual reality via the Internet and confirmed reports that men are more accurate because women underestimate, but found no difference in precision measured as intra-participant variation. Study 2 repeated Study 1 with five additional presentations of one condition to provide a better measure of precision. Again, men were more accurate than women but there were no sex differences in precision. However, within the coincidence-anticipation timing (CAT) literature, of those studies that report sex differences, a majority found that males are both more accurate and more precise than females. Noting that many CAT studies report no sex differences, we discuss appropriate interpretations of such null findings. While acknowledging that CAT performance may be influenced by experience we suggest that the sex difference may have originated among our ancestors with the evolutionary selection of men for hunting and women for gathering.

  3. Surveys of sickness status of severe mental illness in Bingchuan county,Dali prefecture in 2 0 1 5%2015年大理州宾川县重性精神病患病状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马红霞; 童碧怀; 刘成立

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the sickness status of severe mental illness in Bingchuan county,Dali prefecture in 2015.Methods Screenings were conducted by experts of Dali Prefecture Mental Hospital in 528 suspected mental patients,patients’total risks assessed according to total risk indexes,trouble-mak-ing risks according to trouble-making risk indexes,and patients were hierarchically managed according to risk evaluation results.Results Of 528 suspected mental patients 40 ones were diagnosed as severe men-tal illness before screening (7.6%),290 ones in this screening (54.9%),46 ones excluded (8.7%),and 152 ones didn’t accept screening (28.8%).Total risk ≥ 3 made up 27.3% of diagnosed severe mental pa-tients and ≥ 4 did 7.3%;trouble-making risk ≥ 3 made up 17.3% and ≥ 4 did 4.9%;69.4% of the pa-tients received grade 1,19.4% did 2,4.6% did 3,and 6.7% did 4.Conclusion Total and trouble-mak-ing risk are high in severe mental patients in Bingchuan county and this phenomenon should be improved by government from various aspects.%目的:了解2015年大理州宾川县重性精神病的患病状况。方法由大理州精神病医院专家组对528例疑似精神病患者进行筛查,根据总体危险度指标评定患者的总体危险度,根据肇事肇祸危险度指标评定患者的肇事肇祸危险度,依据危险度评定结果对患者进行分级管理。结果本组528例疑似精神病患者中筛查前已确诊重性精神病40例(7.6%),本次筛查确诊重性精神病290例(54.9%),排除46例(8.7%),未接受筛查152例(28.8%)。确诊重性精神病患者中总体危险度≥3级占27.3%,≥4级占7.3%;肇事肇祸危险度≥3级占17.3%,≥4级占4.9%;患者分级管理1级69.4%、2级19.4%、3级4.6%、4级6.7%。结论宾川县重性精神病患者总体危险度及肇事肇祸危险度高,政府应从多方面入手改善这一状况。

  4. 云南大理机场鸟类调查及鸟撞防治对策%Bird Survey and Bird Strike Control at Dali Airport, Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗旭; 梁丹; 马国强; 杜小浪; 洪磊

    2011-01-01

    The projected ground surface area around the Dali airport was classified into 7 types of bird habitat, I. E. , orchards or nurseries, mills or factories, villages, forests, water bodies, cropland and barren hills to obtain the basic ecological information for bird strike control in this area. Four surveys on bird species and corresponding numbers in the 7 types of habitats were conducted in the four seasons of 2010, and the characteristics of the habitat vegetation and those of the insect communities were also investigated at the same time. The threat extent of different bird species to the aviation safety was comprehensively analyzed according to the data of bird size, flight height, size of population and occurrence frequency. The survey showed that there were totally 81 bird species belonging to 31 families of 12 orders recorded in the peripheral area of Dali airport, among which 6 species were listed as highthreat species, 14 as threat species and 61 species were listed as less threat species in the light of their body size, flight activity and other behavior characters. The bird strike control strategy was proposed to secure the flight safety for the airport based on analyses of the topography, habitat, season change, food source and other factors.%为获得云南大理机场鸟撞预防所需的基础性生态资料,将大理机场净空范围内的地面投影区域分为果园苗圃、工厂、村落、林地、水域、农地、荒山7种类型生境,2010年春、夏、秋、冬季分4次对这7种生境的鸟类种类和数量进行调查,同时收集栖息地植被与昆虫群落特征.根据鸟类体型、飞行高度、群体数量以及遇见频次等信息综合分析各种鸟类对航空飞行的威胁程度.结果表明:大理机场及其周边共有鸟类81种,隶属于12目31科,其中有严重威胁鸟类6种、有威胁的14种和无威胁的61种;从地形、生境、季节、食源等方面对威胁鸟种进行分析,并依此提出大理机场鸟撞防治对策.

  5. 基于Google Maps的大理烟叶原料基地管理系统设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Tobacco Leaf Production Management System in Dali Using Google Maps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪云; 张久权; 杨德海; 杨玉标; 陈刚; 陈爱国

    2012-01-01

    为了加快烟叶生产信息化和品牌导向型建设,提高烟叶原料基地管理效率,通过收集整理云南省大理州气候、土壤、烟叶质量等信息,采用Google Maps和数据库等技术,在红塔集团大理卷烟厂建立了原料基地信息管理系统.该系统可以将多年的历史数据,经过综合分析后以各种统计图表的形式展示出来,也可以根据地点在Google map上进行查询和实时显示.该系统运行稳定、操作简单、扩展性好,能通过手机进行操作,是烟区工作人员和烟农非常有用的决策辅助工具.%In order to reinforce the informatization and brand orientation construction of tobacco production, and increase tobacco raw material efficiency, a web based tobacco production leaf information system was designed and implemented by using Google Maps API and database management system in Dali, Hongta Tobacco Group. The system integrated the historical climate, soil, tobacco leaf and other data, which can be displayed in various forms of statistical charts and Google maps. The system is stable, easy to use, and extendible, and contains mobile phone module, which is great software for tobacco production management.

  6. 大理河流域土壤侵蚀风险及其空间格局分析%Analysis of soil erosion risk and its spatial pattern in Dali river basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳; 张喜旺; 刘剑锋; 周建郑

    2013-01-01

    本文利用遥感影像提取大理河流域相关信息,采用水利部部颁标准评价土壤侵蚀风险等级,并与地形特征进行叠加分析.结果显示:研究区侵蚀风险以中度和轻度为主;坡度是主要影响因素,坡度越大侵蚀风险区越集中,尤其是强度及以上区域,集中程度达到90%以上;侵蚀主要分布在1000m-1400m的两个高程带内.研究结果可以辅助管理部门进行侵蚀治理决策.%This paper extracted the spatial information of Dali river basin from RS imagery,and assessed the soil erosion risk according to the National Professional Standard for classification and gradation of soil erosion.Subsequently the topographical features of the study area were used in overlay analysis with erosion risk.The results showed that the dominant soil erosion risk is moderate and slight in the basin area; the slope is the main influencing factors,the greater the slope gradient is,the more concentrated the erosion risk areas are,especially in erosion risk areas where greater than more severe erosion,the concentration is more than 90%.Erosion is mainly distributed in the two elevation zones of 1000m-1400m.These results could be used to assist the management for decision-making department.

  7. The detection of spotted fever group Rickettsia DNA from fever patients in Dali, Yunnan%云南省大理州发热患者血液中检测斑点热群立克次体

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亚红祥; 王静林

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查云南省大理州不明原因发热患者是否存在斑点热.方法 用巢式-聚合酶链反应法扩增患者血液中的立克次体属groEL基因,并进行核酸序列鉴定和分析.结果 20例患者血液中检出1例立克次体核酸阳性(检出率5%),其序列分析与GenBank中Rickcttsia rickcttsii Iowa、Rickcttsia peacockii Rustic、Rickcttsia sibirica等斑点热群立克次体株的同源性最高(为99%).结论 首次证实云南大理地区存在斑点热患者,医疗部门应加强对斑点热的诊断与鉴别.%Objective To identify the pathogen of patients with fever with unknown origin and determine whether they were infected with spotted fever group Rickettsia. Methods Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was conducted to amplify groEL gene of rickettsia from the blood samples of the patients, the nucleotide sequencing and identification were carried out. Results Rickettsial DNA was detected in 1 of the 20 patients (5% ). The groEL gene of the strain shared high homology (99%) with Rickcttsia rickcttsii Iowa, Rickcttsia peacockii Rustic and Rickettsia sibirica. Conclusion It was the first time to diagnose the patient with spotted fever in Dali, Yunnan province. It is necessary to enhance the differential diagnosis of spotted fever in local medical institutions.

  8. 大理市苍山森林火险等级区划研究%Study on the Division of Forest Fire Danger Grade in Cangshan Mountain of Dali City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国斌

    2015-01-01

    Take the data processing ,supplementary investigation ,statistical analysis and other methods ,according to the burning of the forest to forest fire ring theory ,three elements in the burning of the forest fire danger of online distribution ring value as the divi -sion standard of quantitative ,the woodlands of Cangshan divided into 3 grade of fire zone;the results show that:the combustion types in Cangshan forest land ,easy combustion type accounted for 87.9%;super fire area and the level of fire area up to 20731.9 hm2 ,ac-counting for 69.4%of the area of forest land.The results show that ,Dali Cangshan forest fire rank high ,large fire hazard ,is a nation-al risk fire area.%采取数据处理、补充调查、统计分析等方法,根据森林燃烧环网理论,以林火三要素在森林燃烧环网上分布的火险值作为定量划分标准,将苍山的林地划分为3个火险等级区;苍山林地燃烧类型中,易燃类占87.9%;特级火险区和一级火险区的面积达20731.9 hm2,占林地面积的69.4%。研究表明,大理苍山森林火险等级高,火灾危险性大,属全国高危火险区域。

  9. 多种探测资料在云南大理州强降水个例分析中的应用%Analysis and application of various observational data in a heavy precipitation in Dali of Yunnan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄慧君; 钟爱华; 张健东

    2014-01-01

    Unconventional observation data,such as data of the newly built Generation Weather Radar (the CINRAD/CC) in Dali, the wind profile radar, ground intensive automatically observation station and lightning position finder,are used to analyze the heavy precipitation event occurred from the night of 27 July to the day of 28 July 2012 in Dali, Yunnan Province. It is shown that the main impact factors to the event are the inverted trough in 500 hPa and low-pressure vortex in 700 hPa. The evolution of heavy precipitation event can be divided into three stag-es. In the formation stage, precipitation mainly appears as convective precipitation;rainfall intensity is strong, but precipitation cells are isolat-ed and short lived. Thunder and lightning are observed in most of the Dali area. In the maintenance phase, lightning activity significantly re-duced, and radar echo is dominated by stratiform cloud precipitation echo, which does not exceed 35 dBz. In the maintenance phase, the char-acteristics of radar radial velocity field are the superposition of warm advection and convergence wind field. Counter-wind zone appears both in the formation and maintenance stages with the differences in coverage and duration. Precipitation is significant nearby and along the path of the Counter-wind zone. In the dissipating stage, echo coverage decreases, and its intensity weakens. From the radial velocity, it is seen that the northeast airflow controls entire layer in radar detectable area. Divergence and vertical velocity calculated by EVAD can well reflect the dynamic process of the heavy precipitation, these are good indications to the precipitation enhancement and maintenance. These is a close re-lationship between negative vertical velocity and precipitation intensity from analysis of the wind profiler radar products. The signal to noise ratio can well indicate the beginning and the end of precipitation, and to its increase or decrease in intensity. The precipitation increase was

  10. 2009-2013年大理市食物中毒流行特征分析%Analysis of food poisoning epidemiologicai characteristics in Dali City from 2009 to 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦金屏; 刘继政; 陈宏伟

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解大理市食物中毒发生的规律、特点及原因,并提出有针对性的预防控制措施.方法 食物中毒确认依据为GB 14938-1994《食物中毒诊断标准及技术处理总则》;采用描述性流行病学方法对2009-2013年大理市食物中毒事件进行统计、分析.结果 2009-2013年大理市共报告63起食物中毒事件,中毒1 272人,死亡3人,年均发病率41.63/10万,年均病死率0.24%,各年度发病率比较差异有统计学意义(x2=506.296,P<0.01).第三、四季度是发病高峰期;主要发生在农村,场所以农村家庭自办宴席和建筑工地食堂为主;男性病例居多;致病因素以有毒动植物引起的起数最多(占63.49%),主要为毒蕈中毒;微生物类导致的食物中毒人数最多(占51.42%).结论 以第三、四季度作为防治食物中毒的重点时段;以家庭、集体食堂,特别是农村和建筑工地食堂作为防制重点场所,加强对农村自办宴席和建筑工地食堂的卫生监管,并加强对农民、建筑工人的健康教育,不断改善农民、建筑工人的卫生意识和卫生习惯;发现食物中毒事件及时报告、及时治疗,是控制食物中毒的重要措施.%Objectives Understanding the the rules,characteristics and reasons of food poisoning in Dali,and propose a highly individualized approach to prevent and control.Methods Food poisoning is diagnosed based on GB 14938-1994 "food poisoning diagnostic criteria and technical management General".Analysed the reported cases of food poisoning from 2009 to 2013 in Dali with descriptive epidemiological methods.Results There were totally 63 food poisoning events reported from 2009 to 2013 in Dali,involved 1 272 cases,and 3 died.The yearly average incidence rate was 41.63/100 000,and the yearly case fatality rate was 0.24%.Compared the incidence rate of each year,the difference was statistical significant (x2 =506.296,P < 0.01).The peak period of food poisoning were the third

  11. 20 CFR 416.1484 - Appeals Council review of administrative law judge decision in a case remanded by a Federal court.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... § 416.1484 Appeals Council review of administrative law judge decision in a case remanded by a Federal... proceedings leading to the final decision in your case or subsequently considered by the administrative law... reversing the decision of the administrative law judge, or it will remand the case to an administrative law...

  12. Creating EU law judges, the role of generational differences, legal education and career paths in national judges’ assessment regarding EU law knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mayoral, Juan A.; Jaremba, Urszula; Nowak, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    The judicial protection system in the European Union (EU) is premised on the fact that national judges are supposed to act as decentralized EU judges. This role is exercised through tools enshrined in, inter alia, primacy, direct and indirect effect of EU law, and the preliminary ruling procedure. H

  13. Joint ventures win the draw. Judge's ruling to revive tax exemption for Texas system spells good news for investor-owned systems, not-for-profits seeking deals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Mark

    2002-06-17

    A ruling by a federal judge reinstating the tax exemption of St. David's Health Care System in Austin, Texas, has taught the Internal Revenue Service a hard lesson about the toughness of Texas. No one was happier with the judge's decision than St. David's President and Chief Executive Officer.

  14. Judging hardness of an object from the sounds of tapping created by a white cane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunokawa, K; Seki, Y; Ino, S; Doi, K

    2014-01-01

    The white cane plays a vital role in the independent mobility support of the visually impaired. Allowing the recognition of target attributes through the contact of a white cane is an important function. We have conducted research to obtain fundamental knowledge concerning the exploration methods used to perceive the hardness of an object through contact with a white cane. This research has allowed us to examine methods that enhance accuracy in the perception of objects as well as the materials and structures of a white cane. Previous research suggest considering the roles of both auditory and tactile information from the white cane in determining objects' hardness is necessary. This experimental study examined the ability of people to perceive the hardness of an object solely through the tapping sounds of a white cane (i.e., auditory information) using a method of magnitude estimation. Two types of sounds were used to estimate hardness: 1) the playback of recorded tapping sounds and 2) the sounds produced on-site by tapping. Three types of handgrips were used to create different sounds of tapping on an object with a cane. The participants of this experiment were five sighted university students wearing eye masks and two totally blind students who walk independently with a white cane. The results showed that both sighted university students and totally blind participants were able to accurately judge the hardness of an object solely by using auditory information from a white cane. For the blind participants, different handgrips significantly influenced the accuracy of their estimation of an object's hardness.

  15. Clinical value analysis of routine ultrasound combined with endoscopic ultrasonography in judging ulcerative colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing-Mei Tuo; Zhi-Hong Han

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the clinical value of routine ultrasound combined with endoscopic ultrasonography in judging ulcerative colitis.Methods: A total of 60 cases of patients with ulcerative colitis were collected as observation group of research and 60 cases of healthy volunteers were collected as control group of research. Intestinal wall thickness was detected by white light endoscopy, abdominal intestinal ultrasound and endoscopic ultrasonography; TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-4 and IL-10 contents were detected by Elisa kit; Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg ratios were detected by flow cytometry.Results: (1) intestinal wall thickness: intestinal wall thickness of both active UC patients and quiescent UC patients was significantly higher than that of control group, intestinal wall thickness of active UC patients was significantly higher than that of quiescent UC patients and the higher the degree of activity, the higher the intestinal wall thickness; (2) inflammatory mediators: TNF-α and IL-1β contents in intestinal mucosa of active UC patients were higher than those of quiescent UC patients and positively correlated with intestinal wall thickness; IL-4 and IL-10 contents were lower than those of quiescent UC patients and negatively correlated with intestinal wall thickness; (3) T cell contents: Th1 and Th17 cell contents in intestinal mucosa of active UC patients were higher than those of quiescent UC patients and positively correlated with intestinal wall thickness; Th2 and Treg cell contents in intestinal mucosa of active UC patients were lower than those of quiescent UC patients and negatively correlated with intestinal wall thickness.Conclusion: Routine ultrasound combined with endoscopic ultrasonography can accurately determine the severity of ulcerative colitis; measured intestinal wall thickness is closely correlated with the degree of inflammation and abnormal immune response.

  16. Comparison study of judged clinical skills competence from standard setting ratings generated under different administration conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, William L; Boulet, John; Sandella, Jeanne

    2017-02-21

    When the safety of the public is at stake, it is particularly relevant for licensing and credentialing exam agencies to use defensible standard setting methods to categorize candidates into competence categories (e.g., pass/fail). The aim of this study was to gather evidence to support change to the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation standard setting design and administrative process. Twenty-two video recordings of candidates assessed for clinical competence were randomly selected from the 2014-2015 Humanistic domain test score distribution ranging from the highest to lowest quintile of performance. Nineteen panelists convened at the same site to receive training and practice prior to generating judgments of qualified or not qualified performance to each of the twenty videos. At the end of training, one panel remained onsite to complete their judgments and the second panel was released and given 1 week to observe the same twenty videos and complete their judgments offsite. The two one-sided test procedure established equivalence between panel group means at the 0.05 confidence level, controlling for rater errors within each panel group. From a practical cost-effective and administrative resource perspective, results from this study suggest it is possible to diverge from typical panel groups, who are sequestered the entire time onsite, to larger numbers of panelists who can make their judgments offsite with little impact on judged samples of qualified performance. Standard setting designs having panelists train together and then allowing those to provide judgments yields equivalent ratings and, ultimately, similar cut scores.

  17. How do people judge risks: availability heuristic, affect heuristic, or both?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pachur, Thorsten; Hertwig, Ralph; Steinmann, Florian

    2012-09-01

    How does the public reckon which risks to be concerned about? The availability heuristic and the affect heuristic are key accounts of how laypeople judge risks. Yet, these two accounts have never been systematically tested against each other, nor have their predictive powers been examined across different measures of the public's risk perception. In two studies, we gauged risk perception in student samples by employing three measures (frequency, value of a statistical life, and perceived risk) and by using a homogeneous (cancer) and a classic set of heterogeneous causes of death. Based on these judgments of risk, we tested precise models of the availability heuristic and the affect heuristic and different definitions of availability and affect. Overall, availability-by-recall, a heuristic that exploits people's direct experience of occurrences of risks in their social network, conformed to people's responses best. We also found direct experience to carry a high degree of ecological validity (and one that clearly surpasses that of affective information). However, the relative impact of affective information (as compared to availability) proved more pronounced in value-of-a-statistical-life and perceived-risk judgments than in risk-frequency judgments. Encounters with risks in the media, in contrast, played a negligible role in people's judgments. Going beyond the assumption of exclusive reliance on either availability or affect, we also found evidence for mechanisms that combine both, either sequentially or in a composite fashion. We conclude with a discussion of policy implications of our results, including how to foster people's risk calibration and the success of education campaigns.

  18. MANAGERIAL APPROACH ON THE ROLE AND RESPONSABILITY OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE COURT AND THE INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE OF JUDGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Muscalu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to understans how the quality of the court is bound to the role of the court presidents in Romania, who, for the proper administration of the departments and the divisions of the court, must assume a leadership role. Efficiency depends on how they use their knowledge, their behavior and attitudes as personal example to create an environment in which subordinates, judges and court personnel, are fully involved in achieving the objectives of the institution.

  19. 移民、稻作与水利建设:明清时期大理盆地的生计变迁%Immigration, Rice Planting and Water Conservancy Construction:Livelihood Changes of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Dali Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海超

    2011-01-01

    明清时期大量进驻大理的军事移民在改变洱海流域人口构成的同时也促使当地的水土资源得以重新配置,大理从此由水旱兼作的多元农业向以精细种植的稻作水田农业转变,租种农田缴纳赋税逐渐成为大理平原地区日常生活的基本事项,可以说稻作与边疆民族地区的社会秩序的调整有着密切的关系。由于人口压力增大,稻米价值很高,稻作成为一项有利可图的事业,在不断扩大种植面积的同时,当地的生态环境也不可避免的发生着变化。%During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, a large number of military immigrants settled down in Dali, thus brought the changes in the composition of the population in Erhai region and in reconfiguration of local water and soil resources. From that time on, agriculture of Dali has changed from multiplanting to rice farming. Rent and pay taxes on farmland in Dali basin have gradually become the basic daily matters, and it can be seen that rice cultivation is closely related to the adjustment of social order in ethnic border areas. As population pressure increases, rice cultivation has become a profitable business; the local ecological environment inevitably has been changing with the land expansion for the planting.

  20. Administrative judge control over the activities of the tax administration: between the need for taxation and protection of tax payers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Michell

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Among the main principles of constitutional values of taxation law (the principle of freedom, legality, equality, annual postulate the principle of necessity of taxation can be found in the fundamentals of the great powers of the Taxation Department responsible for establishing and charging all legally founded taxes. Due to the declarative principle of numerous taxes (income tax, tax on profit, VAT tax, administration justifiably has at its disposal a range of methods for controlling the honesty of taxpayers and repressive powers to combat taxation fraud in any form. In a state with the rule of law, the judge for taxation has two tasks: to combat fraud or tax evasion and to protect the taxpayer from misuse of powers by public administration authorities. In this sense, the judge for taxation is constantly seeking to achieve a balance, given the current legal regulations, between (1 the contradictory imperatives regarding the efficiency of taxation controls on the one hand, and (2 respecting guarantees for the taxpayer on the other. After that, the judge controls the loyalty of Taxation Department activity and whether it respects the fundamentals of the rule of law.