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  1. ذخیرہ اندوزی سے متعلق ہندومت، یہودیت اور اسلام کے احکام کاجائزہ Hoarding Concept according to Hinduism, Judaism and Islam

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    Muhammad Anees

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Hoarding is considered (Ihtikar very abhorring and objectionable. It is the practice of keeping something in store and not bringing the same to the market so that prices may rise owing to this artificial dearth of supply in the market. Each religion of the world has agriculture rules. In these, rules about Hoarding play an important role. In non Semitic religions Hinduism is the largest religion of the world. Similarly in Semitic religions Islam is the second and Judaism is considered in third stage. All these three religions and there followers have good relation with agriculture .But among this, Islamic rules considers one of the best rules in the world. Because Hinduism agriculture rules affected by cast system and the other side Judaism rules is affected by customs and traditions. But still there are some points on which Hinduism, Judaism and Islam are completely supporting each others. Hoarding rules is one of them. This paper is consisting on hoarding rules in Hinduism, Judaism and Islam.

  2. Oral Tradition in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Introduction

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    Werner H. Kelber

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The present issue of _Oral Tradition_ stands as a tribute to a conference initiated and convened by professors Werner Kelber and Paula Sanders on the topic of Oral-Scribal Dimensions of Scripture, Piety, and Practice in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, April 12-14, 2008. Sixteen active participants (a keynote speaker, four specialists in each of three world religions, and three respondents met to examine the aesthetic, compositional, memorial, and performative aspects of three faiths (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in their appropriate media contexts. In many ways, this approach differs from, and indeed challenges, historical scholarship. Beginning with the pre-modern period and reaching into our postmodern world, the strictly philological, textual paradigm has served as the intellectual premise for classical and biblical scholarship, for medieval studies, and for the study of world religions as well. The Rice conference and the papers that emanated from it are designed to provide the philological, textual study of the monotheistic faiths with fresh insights and to suggest significant modifications. The largely Western paradigm of the three monotheistic faiths as quintessential religions of the book is, thereby, called into question in the present issue of _Oral Tradition_. If the flourishing discipline of orality-scribality-memory studies has shown anything conclusively, it is that prior to the invention of print technology the verbal arts were an intricate interplay of oral and scribal verbalization, with manuscripts often serving as mere reference points for recitation and memorization. The papers that follow show that this scenario applies with special relevance to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

  3. Religious Background and Educational Attainment: The Effects of Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, William

    2010-01-01

    The effects of Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism on educational attainment in the United States are examined. OLS estimates of educational attainment and Probit estimates of college attainment are undertaken. It is shown that Islam and Judaism have similar positive effects on attainment relative to Protestants and Catholics. The effect of Buddhism is…

  4. A Comparative Study of the principle of Penal and Criminal Laws in Islam and Judaism

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    Mohammad Reza Haji Esmaili

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the field of religious studies, study of previous religions and orders is important, because divine religions have a one truth and essence; Judaism, Christianity and Islam are relative religions and have a common history. All three are attributed to religion of Abraham, Hence are called the "Abraham religions". All three of them have Semitic origins; therefore they are called the "Semitic religions". All three believe in one God, and for that, they are called "monotheistic religions". Though Islam subscribes the past of Jewish, does not necessarily defends all the Jewish teachings and holy books in its current form. However, these two religions are very similar and that is the value that they have given to religion. So that, none of the major live religions of the world have not such esteem. Many similarities in principles of the two relative religions have provided a suitable ground for comparative studies. In the field of law studies also found many similarities between two religions. The scriptures as a source of laws, criminal law, criminalization and punishments and ... all are of the important law issues that the way of their expression in both religions have many similarities. Since religion has a special place in Judaism and Islam, this research aims to review the principles and elements of criminal as well as some penalty goals in the religious teachings sphere of these two religions. In this regard, verses of The Quran, authentic hadiths (traditions and The Torah should be known as the main sources of recognition of these two religious orders.  Although Torah has been distorted, but this does not mean that everything is distorted in Torah. There are many juridical and ethical rules in Torah that cannot doubt in their divinity. In the other hand, many of the adventures happened to the Moses Prophet and the Israelites have been mentioned with slight variations in The Qur'an which is immune to any distortion. In the juridical

  5. Islam, judaïsme et cinéma. Interdits religieux, questionnements identitaires Islam, Judaism and cinema

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    Sabine Salhab

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La méfiance traditionnelle des monothéismes vis-à-vis des images par crainte de l’idolâtrie n’empêche pas le développement du cinéma au sein de sociétés majoritairement juives ou musulmanes dès le début du XXe siècle. Dans le monde à majorité musulmane, la représentation des figures coraniques reste le tabou ultime qui empêche l’émergence d’un véritable cinéma religieux, malgré quelques tentatives ponctuelles. Les communautés juives d’Europe et des Etats-Unis réalisent quant à elles de nombreux films yiddish entre 1910 et 1950. La notion de film juif ou musulman au sens esthétique du terme, interrogée dans cet article, se révèle insuffisante pour cerner ces œuvres complexes.The traditional distrust of monotheism towards images by fear of idolatry did not prevent the development of cinema in Jewish or Muslim societies at the beginning of the 20th century. Despite some attempts, an Islamic religious cinema never emerged in the predominantly Muslim world since the representation of Coranic figures remains the ultimate taboo. Jewish communities in Europe and the United States produced many Yiddish films between 1910 and 1950. The aesthetic notion of Muslim or Jewish film, explored in this article, appears to be unsufficient to define these complex works.

  6. Exploring the theological foundation of Corporate Social Responsibility in Islam, Christianity and Judaism for Strengthening Compliance and Reporting: An Eclectic Approach

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    Lukman Raimi

    2013-12-01

    religions play direct and indirect role in corporate governance and people‘s lifestyle. This paper explores eclectic sources to provide answer to the questions: Does CSR have theological foundation in Islam Christianity and Judaism? Can religions strengthen CSR and fortify compliance and reporting? The authors sourced the required qualitative data from journal articles, Islamic jurisprudence, Judaic sources and Biblical texts as well as relevant online resources on the subject. The extractions from eclectic sources were subjected to content analysis from which conclusions on the two questions were established. The findings indicate that CSR has theological foundation in the three religions, and religious ethics and values could be potent drivers for strengthening CSR and reporting.

  7. Reading Robinson Crusoe from the lens of Islamic Utopianism

    OpenAIRE

    Morteza Yousofi; Ruzy Suliza Hashim; Mohd Faizal Musa

    2014-01-01

    The need for perfection is an innate feeling in all human beings and a broader sense of it would be people’s craving to make a utopian society. Utopianism is rooted in religions like Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Hinduism. It is also discussed in many Western works trying to depict an ideal society like Plato’s The Republic and More’s Utopia. The utopian features raised by them are illustrated in many literary works and utopian fictions as is the case with Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. T...

  8. From Religious to Social Conversion: How Muslim Scholars Conceived of the "Rites de Passage" from Hinduism to Islam in Seventeenth-Century South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalfaoui, Mouez

    2011-01-01

    The common understanding of Islam tends to consider religious conversion as a matter of individual and rational belief and consisting, first and foremost, of attesting to the oneness of God ("shahada"). In this paper I argue that divergences exist among schools of Islamic Law concerning the modes and types of conversion. Contrary to Muslim jurists…

  9. From Religious to Social Conversion: How Muslim Scholars Conceived of the "Rites de Passage" from Hinduism to Islam in Seventeenth-Century South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalfaoui, Mouez

    2011-01-01

    The common understanding of Islam tends to consider religious conversion as a matter of individual and rational belief and consisting, first and foremost, of attesting to the oneness of God ("shahada"). In this paper I argue that divergences exist among schools of Islamic Law concerning the modes and types of conversion. Contrary to…

  10. From Religious to Social Conversion: How Muslim Scholars Conceived of the "Rites de Passage" from Hinduism to Islam in Seventeenth-Century South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalfaoui, Mouez

    2011-01-01

    The common understanding of Islam tends to consider religious conversion as a matter of individual and rational belief and consisting, first and foremost, of attesting to the oneness of God ("shahada"). In this paper I argue that divergences exist among schools of Islamic Law concerning the modes and types of conversion. Contrary to…

  11. Material Religion - Hinduism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aktor, Mikael

    2017-01-01

    Comprehensive bibliography on material religion in Hinduism. Monographs, anthologies, anthology chapters, journal articles, web articles, documentation on cultic elements of the landscape (mountains, rivers, trees, stones), three- and two-dimensional cultic artefacts, textiles, ritual accessories...

  12. Hinduism in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fibiger, Marianne Qvortrup

    2017-01-01

    This is an overview article on all research done, articles written etc. on Hinduism in Denmark. The article includes longer introductions, and commentaries on and citations from every book, article, report that is part of the article.......This is an overview article on all research done, articles written etc. on Hinduism in Denmark. The article includes longer introductions, and commentaries on and citations from every book, article, report that is part of the article....

  13. Reading Robinson Crusoe from the lens of Islamic Utopianism

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    Morteza Yousofi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The need for perfection is an innate feeling in all human beings and a broader sense of it would be people’s craving to make a utopian society. Utopianism is rooted in religions like Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Hinduism. It is also discussed in many Western works trying to depict an ideal society like Plato’s The Republic and More’s Utopia. The utopian features raised by them are illustrated in many literary works and utopian fictions as is the case with Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. This paper attempts to analyze some common Western utopian features presented in Robinson Crusoe and compare them with Islamic traditions which describe the golden era of the Messiah of Islam. By referring to two utopian features of economic prosperity and spirituality, the essay concludes that the discipline of comparative literature provides an opportunity to compare literary works with discussions on Islamic studies and although Robinson Crusoe is set in a Christian context, it has some features in common with the Islamic Utopia. Keywords: utopian fiction, Robinson Crusoe, theology, Islamic literature, comparative literature, messiah, utopia, Islamic messianism

  14. Askese i hinduisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fibiger, Marianne Qvortrup

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this article is to put forward a proposal for an extended typology of asceticism within Hinduism, which not only includes the religious virtuosos in the form of a durative ascetism but also the dynamic and iterative asceticism as it is expressed in the āśrama system (stages of life......). Thus it is argued that asceticism is a common point of refererence for most forms of Hinduism and thus the glue that binds the tradition together. Denne artikels formål er at fremføre et forslag til en udvidet typologisering af askese inden for hinduisme, som ikke kun indbefatter den durative askese...... repræsenteret ved udstigergrupper, men også den dynamiske og iterative, bl.a. som den kommer til udtryk i āśramasystemet (de fire livsstadier). Således vil der argumenteres for, at askese er et fælles orienteringspunkt for alle former for hinduisme og dermed det kit som binder traditionen sammen....

  15. Askese inden for hinduisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fibiger, Marianne Qvortrup

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this article is to put forward a proposal for an extended typology of asceticism within Hinduism, which not only includes the religious virtuosos in the form of a durative ascetism but also the dynamic and iterative asceticism as it is expressed in the āśrama system (stages of life......). Thus it is argued that asceticism is a common point of refererence for most forms of Hinduism and thus the glue that binds the tradition together. Denne artikels formål er at fremføre et forslag til en udvidet typologisering af askese inden for hinduisme, som ikke kun indbefatter den durative askese...... repræsenteret ved udstigergrupper, men også den dynamiske og iterative, bl.a. som den kommer til udtryk i āśramasystemet (de fire livsstadier). Således vil der argumenteres for, at askese er et fælles orienteringspunkt for alle former for hinduisme og dermed det kit som binder traditionen sammen....

  16. Judaism and Montessori

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    Coates, Miriam

    2011-01-01

    Judaism, as a religion and a culture, places a high value on education and scholarly pursuits. As Jewish schools of varying affiliations and denominations look for ways to improve and revive programming, some are exploring the Montessori method. Based on education that follows the child, Montessori focuses on respect, independence, and preparing…

  17. Judaism and Montessori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coates, Miriam

    2011-01-01

    Judaism, as a religion and a culture, places a high value on education and scholarly pursuits. As Jewish schools of varying affiliations and denominations look for ways to improve and revive programming, some are exploring the Montessori method. Based on education that follows the child, Montessori focuses on respect, independence, and preparing…

  18. Goddess Traditions in Tantric Hinduism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hinduism cannot be understood without the Great Goddess and the goddess-orientated Śākta traditions. The Goddess pervades Hinduism at all levels, from aniconic village deities to high-caste pan-Hindu goddesses to esoteric, tantric goddesses. Nevertheless, the highly influential tantric forms...

  19. A Comment on the Heritage and Development of Hinduism in Bali Island of Indonesia%浅析印尼巴厘岛印度教的传承与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈扬

    2005-01-01

    The Hindu civilization, in its historical development, affected the whole Indonesian archipelago. However, as Islamic and Christian cultures gradually made their way to the east, the influence of Hinduism gradually died away in most of the Indonesian areas, except in Bali where the Hinduism has not only survived, but has also developed continuously.

  20. Islam Jawa dan Akulturasi Budaya: karakteristik, Variasi dan ketaatan ekspresif

    OpenAIRE

    Ummi Sumbulah

    2012-01-01

    Javanese Islam has a character and a unique religious expressions. This is because the spread of Islam in Java, more dominant takes the form of acculturation, both absorbing and dialogical. The pattern of Islam and Javanese acculturation, as well as can be seen on the expression of the Java community, is also supported by the political power of Islamic kingdom of Java, especially Mataram which had brought Islam to the Javanese cosmology Hinduism and Buddhism. Although there are f luctuations ...

  1. Judaism and Economics: The Link between Judaism and Economic Life

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    Stanisław Fel

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the relationship of Judaism to economic activity. The subject is the typical approach of Jewish ethical thought, concerning the understanding of money, wealth, jobs and economic initiatives. Issues related to fundamental economic life are shown to be covered in the books that the Jewish community considers sacred. Particularly important are the Old Testament and the Talmud. Also important are references to the cultural interpretation of Judaism, including the classical works on the subject – Jacques Attali and Werner Sombart. The key concept is the subject of “wealth,” the meaning of which is derived from the Bible’s Book of Exodus and the Talmud. Finally, the foundations for Jewish economic thought can be expressed as the product of an embedded culture, which is founded on religion, in which property acquires ethical legitimacy. The argument is crowned with historical examples of the noble economic activity of the Jewish people, which also give evidence of the interrelatedness of religion and the proper use of wealth.

  2. AKULTURASI ISLAM DENGAN BUDAYA LOKAL

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    Agus Sriyanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, especially in Java, it is difficult to flnd pure and original actualization of Islam. This condition is influenced by the Javanese and Hinduism traditions which had been tightly held by the society before the arrival of Islam. These traditions really influence the spread of Islam. Da’wa cultural approaches which were applied by Da ’i greatly influences the existence of Islam at this time. Without dismissing or changing the social culture, Islamic values are inserted to them and people can easily accept Islam. However, there is a negative effect of this model, which causes the occurrence of sincretism between a religion, in this case, Islam and local culture.

  3. Highlighting Effects of Current Globalization Tenets, Namely Democracy, Capitalism, and Cultural Transformation, on the Arab Islamic Middle East

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Hinduism Buddhism Sikhism Judaism Baha’ism Confucianism Jainism Shintoism Major World Religions Po pu la tio n (B ill io ns ) Figure 6. Top Ten World...108 detrimental mistake, given the negative impacts of “ ethicizing territory.”236 The result of Palestine’s autonomy is evidence to Cornell’s and

  4. Political and Legal Theory in Judaism.

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    Leiser, Burton M.

    1984-01-01

    How rabbinic Judaism interprets the following laws and doctrines from the Bible is examined: the seven mitzvot of the Sons of Noah, laws of war, doctrines concerning the administration of justice, and political organization according to Abravenel. Spinoza's contribution to modern political thought is described. (RM)

  5. Interrelasi Kiai, Penghulu dan Pemangku Adat dalam Tradisi Islam Wetu Telu di Lombok

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    Rasmianto Rasmianto

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Islam Wetu Telu is also Islam, though it is different from traditional avtivities. Islam Wetu Telu is much colored by sincritism among Islamic teaching, Hinduism, and enciunt tradision. These three matters are sigriticantly interrelated to the true history of Islam Wetu Telu as stated by Jalaluddin. Arzaki, the director of internatural and tourism development institution. Another version stated Islam Wetu Telu etablished after the colonial of Belanda in Lombok in 1980 in relations to the strategy to againts the Islam follow of Sasak people.

  6. The Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military’s Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    violations.‖57 The common universal greeting in Islam is the Arabic As-Salāmu `Alaykum (سالم كم ال ي ل , Hinduism echoes shanti, shanit .(ع shanti...Confucianism, Hinduism , Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrianism all contain the central teaching that we are to respect others as we would respect ourselves...as points of reference and sources of edification in Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism , dialectical materialism, modern liberalism, and Islam.176

  7. Judaism, genetic screening and genetic therapy.

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    Rosner, F

    1998-01-01

    Genetic screening, gene therapy and other applications of genetic engineering are permissible in Judaism when used for the treatment, cure, or prevention of disease. Such genetic manipulation is not considered to be a violation of God's natural law, but a legitimate implementation of the biblical mandate to heal. If Tay-Sachs disease, diabetes, hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, Huntington's disease or other genetic diseases can be cured or prevented by "gene surgery," then it is certainly permitted in Jewish law. Genetic premarital screening is encouraged in Judaism for the purpose of discouraging at-risk marriages for a fatal illness such as Tay-Sachs disease. Neonatal screening for treatable conditions such as phenylketonuria is certainly desirable and perhaps required in Jewish law. Preimplantation screening and the implantation of only "healthy" zygotes into the mother's womb to prevent the birth of an affected child are probably sanctioned in Jewish law. Whether or not these assisted reproduction techniques may be used to choose the sex of one's offspring, to prevent the birth of a child with a sex-linked disease such as hemophilia, has not yet been ruled on by modern rabbinic decisions. Prenatal screening with the specific intent of aborting an affected fetus is not allowed according to most rabbinic authorities, although a minority view permits it "for great need." Not to have children if both parents are carriers of genetic diseases such as Tay-Sachs is not a Jewish option. Preimplantation screening is preferable. All screening test results must remain confidential. Judaism does not permit the alteration or manipulation of physical traits and characteristics such as height, eye and hair color, facial features and the like, when such change provides no useful benefit to mankind. On the other hand, it is permissible to clone organisms and microorganisms to facilitate the production of insulin, growth hormone, and other agents intended to benefit mankind and to

  8. Religion in Human Culture: An Elective Social Studies Course about World Religions

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    Smith, Lee H.; Bodin, Wesley J.

    1978-01-01

    Outlines a course which utilizes rational processes to teach high school students about religious diversity. Topics covered are Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and religious issues in contemporary society. (Author/DB)

  9. Religion in Human Culture: An Elective Social Studies Course about World Religions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lee H.; Bodin, Wesley J.

    1978-01-01

    Outlines a course which utilizes rational processes to teach high school students about religious diversity. Topics covered are Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and religious issues in contemporary society. (Author/DB)

  10. Philosophical and cultural perspectives on acoustics in Vedic Hinduism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, M. G.

    2001-05-01

    Acoustics plays a very important multi-faceted role in Vedic Hinduism. Vedas, that is an infinitely large collection of chants (mantras) in ancient Sanskrit language, form the foundational literature of Vedic Hinduism. The Vedic chants have specific acoustical qualities and intonations. The Vedic literature describes the various aspects of acoustics, namely, philosophical, spiritual, and cultural. The use of sounds from conch-shell, bells, cymbal in addition to the Vedic chants in rituals shows the spiritual aspects. Vedic literature discusses the role of sound in the philosophical understanding of our world. Music, both vocal and instrumental, plays an important role in the cultural aspects of Vedic Hinduism. It can be seen that certain musical instruments such as ``mridangam,'' a percussion drum, reflect scientific principles underlying in their design. This paper presents an overview of the various important and interesting roles of acoustics in Vedic Hinduism.

  11. Philosophical and cultural perspectives on acoustics in Vedic Hinduism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, M. G.

    2004-05-01

    Acoustics plays a very important multi-faceted role in Vedic Hinduism. Vedas, that is an infinitely large collection of chants (mantras) in ancient Sanskrit language, form the foundational literature of Vedic Hinduism. The Vedic chants have specific acoustical qualities and intonations. The Vedic literature describes the various aspects of acoustics, namely, philosophical, spiritual, and cultural. The use of sounds from conch-shell, bells, cymbal in addition to the Vedic chants in rituals shows the spiritual aspects. Vedic literature discusses the role of sound in the philosophical understanding of our world. Music, both vocal and instrumental, plays an important role in the cultural aspects of Vedic Hinduism. It can be seen that certain musical instruments such as ``mridangam,'' a percussion drum, reflect scientific principles underlying in their design. This paper presents an overview of the various important and interesting roles of acoustics in Vedic Hinduism.

  12. Educating about Islam and Learning about Self: An Approach for Our Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovat, Terence

    2005-01-01

    This article argues that the emergence of the era of terrorism, fuelled in part by a form of Wahhabist Islam, impels a religious education imperative of improving understanding about Islam, both in terms of the historical roots with Judaism and Christianity, as well as ongoing conflict between the three traditions. On this basis, this article…

  13. Addiction: Alcohol and Substance Abuse in Judaism

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    Kate Miriam Loewenthal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines a history of rulings and beliefs about addiction in Judaism, covering alcohol and substance use and addiction, in the context of a brief account of the development of the status of addiction. It examines the prevalence of alcohol and substance use and abuse among Jews, including a discussion of some of the difficulties in estimating prevalence and of factors involved in changing patterns of use and abuse. Community beliefs and attitudes are examined, using published material and interviews with community leaders and members. Some conclusions are suggested about the impact of religious rulings and of other factors on addiction among Jews. Attention is given to the phenomenon of denial. Therapeutic practices and organisations are described. The scope for further research is identified.

  14. 75 FR 82128 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue-Skinned Savior'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby... hereby determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Vishnu: Hinduism's Blue-Skinned...

  15. Worship one in Islam and Sikhism Searching & Review According to Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammadm mahdi Alimardi

    2012-01-01

      In this summary, there is an effort to explain the concept of worship one and oneness in Islam and Sikhism. Sikhism is the youngest of the world religions and the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in the Punjab area of India in the fifteenth century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam. A Sikh believes ( EK ONKAAR) there is only One God. IK ONKAAR the most significant word used in the Sikh teachings. But believe in one God in Sikhism is the same Muslim'...

  16. Sejarah Masuknya Islam dan Pendidikan Islam Masa Kerajaan Banten Periode Pra Kemerdekaan

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    Muslimah muslimah

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The coming of islamic scholars as Islamic spreader in Banten must deal with the condition of the people who had embraced Hinduism. The people were already familiar with the superstitions of heresy and khurafat. The cause of this condition were stupidity, clumsiness and Dutch colonialism. This literature review will ease the observers of history and Islamic education, because this literature review discusses specifically and systematically about the history of the entry of Islam and Islamic education in the Sultanate of Banten in the period of 1552-1935 years. The findings of this study explain that the entry of Islam in the Sultanate of Banten was done peacefully by Sharif Hidayatullah (Sunan Gunung Jati together with his son, Maulana Hasanudin, who then became the first sultan of Sultanate of Banten, continued by Maulana Yusuf and the next sultans; What Islamic scholars did in the Sultanate of Banten such as spreading the teachings of Islam as well as balancing life and religion, eradicating stupidity and encouraging jihad against the invaders; At first, Islamic educational institutions in Banten were conducted in homes and mosques individually and then got developed into madrasah.

  17. Islamic Nuance in Decorative-Ornament Architecture Art in Nusantara

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    Abdullah Yusof

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The advent of Islam in Nusantara sparked new phenomena or changing not only in structure of building construction of religious places, residency and houses but also ornaments and decoration expressing value of beauty of that building. The result of this research tries to reveal how far Islamic influence is working without undermining local aspects of architecture and how Islamic architecture was influenced by other characters in ornament and decorative-ornament artwith various design and sense. Islamic nuances are substantially showed in traditional and contemporary mosque architecture, graveyard, residencies, palaces, historical building and soon and so forth. Although local elementsare clear, and so with Hinduism and Buddhism, animism, colonial influence and other foreign influences including Middle East, Africa, India and China, Islam shows its prominence in interior and exterior ornament as well as its tools.

  18. Teologi Reformis, Rasional dan Neo-Modern dalam Konteks Pertarungan Wacana Teologi Islam di Indonesia

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    Abubakar Eby Hara

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Fauzan Saleh's book, on Islamic theological discourses in Indonesia shows the dynamism of Islamic thoughts and practices in Indonesia. From Saleh's description, we may conclude that there have been efforts among Moslem theologians to reform Islamic theological thoughts so that they can cope with progress and modernity. The book focuses on three main modern theological trends: reformist, rationalist and neo-modernist discourses. The reformist was represented by two organizations: Muhammadiyah and Persatuan Islam (Persis, which attempted to purify Islamic teachings among Indonesian Moslems. For the theologians from these organizations, some practices and teachings of Islam adopted by Moslems did not reflect the true spirits of Islam, and were heavily influenced by local traditions such as Hinduism.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v9i1.678

  19. ISLAMIC ELEMENTS IN TRADITIONAL INDONESIAN AND MALAY THEATRE

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    Ghulam-Sarwar Yousof

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available From the earliest times, traditional theatre in Southeast Asia has been shaped by a wide range of religious and cultural influences—those deriving from animism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, as well as from Chinese and western traditions. The overwhelming influences, especially of Hinduism, have had the tendency to obscure contributions from the Middle- and Near-East. The view that Islam, with rare exceptions, prohibits performing arts has resulted in a negligence of these arts forms in Muslim societies with the possible exception of Indonesia. This paper highlights significant elements of Islamic culture that have shaped Indonesian and Malay traditional theatre through the adaptation of borrowed genres such as taziya, as well as locally created styles of shadow play (wayang kulit and the doll-puppet theatre (wayang golek; the use of important themes from Islamic literature, in particular thosederived from Hikayat Amir Hamza; as well as esoteric interpretationsof certain episodes originally derived from pre-Islamic sources,including the Mahabharata, in terms of Sufism to make them both highly meaningful and acceptable to Muslim audiences.

  20. POLITIK IDENTITAS MASYARAKAT TENGGER DALAM MEMPERTAHANKAN SISTEM KEBUDAYAAN DARI HEGEMONI ISLAM DAN KEKUASAAN

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    ali maksum

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is explores the dynamic of Tengger communities regarding with expanding of Islam and the power of Indonesian government. Research by taking  two villages, namely Ngadisari and Sapikerep, Probolinggo going to want to investigate more about the dynamics of the struggle between the Tengger tribe community on the one hand in maintaining the culture, identity, and the identity of those with power ( Islam on the other side. By using the representation theory perspective, this study wanted to elaborate a little more detail about the strategy of the Tengger people in representing their identity in the midst of the dynamics of the changing times. Because, in their long history, Tengger tribe known as the little mountain community is still strong in maintaining their cultural system in the midst of changing times. The relation between the power of giving birth Tengger cultural dialectic interesting to study. At least, referring to previous studies, see the dynamics of the dialectic between the Tengger with power ( Islam gave birth to two important propositions. First, because of the strong tradition and culture systems Tengger, both Hindu and Islamic ideology interpreted as a cultural system that does not change that only symbolically attached to the Tengger. Hinduism and Islam even for Tengger no different as normative religion. It refers, that, Tengger known as the system of local culture and religion different from Hinduism true though. Second, although impressed normative ( read: syncretic , in fact, Islam and Hinduism also established world view Tengger substantive and culturally. The second view is not a religious system is like the Java community at large who embraced Islam. "Javanese Islam" behind his character as if syncretic actually still showed "substantial Islam" because based religious traditions of Sufism.

  1. Assaying the Belief in Divine Incarnation in Hinduism and Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mohammad Rohani

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the doctrines shared by Hinduism and Christianity is the doctrine of incarnation and bodily fall of divinity, which on surface sounds to have been understood by both schools in the same terms. Since both schools insist on transcendent unity of God in his essence; for example in Upanishads which is one of the key scriptures of Hinduism it is insisted that the origin of existence is a transcendent, invisible and unfathomable God called Brahman which is the highest the most excellent and beyond description. By the same token, in Christianity God has always been envisaged as a unique and transcendent being. Nevertheless, these two religions believe that transcendent God gets incarnated in some conditions. Thus some have paired these two schools in their belief in incarnation without understanding the nuances.    By more probing into their respective theologies, however, we find out that not only their notions of incarnation differ but there are also fundamental differences in their understandings of God in general and divine transcendent unity and synthesizing it with divine fall and incarnation. In Hinduism God is conceived as an absolute being which manifests itself in three attributes. But in Christianity God is not an absolute and simple essence rather it is envisaged as a compound entity spread through trinity figures who have been interacting since the time immemorial. Moreover, these two schools have two different positions on the necessity and cause of incarnation. Thus one can conclude that the doctrine of incarnation is understood in Hinduism and Christianity in radically different fashions.    In Christianity Jesus represents the only incarnation of divinity as the son of God who is one of triple hypostases building trinity and the belief in whom is the path of human salvation. Thus conceived, God has descended into the body of Christ as the ransom of original sin. Then incarnation in Christianity is founded upon two other

  2. Assaying the Belief in Divine Incarnation in Hinduism and Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mohammad Rohani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the doctrines shared by Hinduism and Christianity is the doctrine of incarnation and bodily fall of divinity, which on surface sounds to have been understood by both schools in the same terms. Since both schools insist on transcendent unity of God in his essence; for example in Upanishads which is one of the key scriptures of Hinduism it is insisted that the origin of existence is a transcendent, invisible and unfathomable God called Brahman which is the highest the most excellent and beyond description. By the same token, in Christianity God has always been envisaged as a unique and transcendent being. Nevertheless, these two religions believe that transcendent God gets incarnated in some conditions. Thus some have paired these two schools in their belief in incarnation without understanding the nuances.    By more probing into their respective theologies, however, we find out that not only their notions of incarnation differ but there are also fundamental differences in their understandings of God in general and divine transcendent unity and synthesizing it with divine fall and incarnation. In Hinduism God is conceived as an absolute being which manifests itself in three attributes. But in Christianity God is not an absolute and simple essence rather it is envisaged as a compound entity spread through trinity figures who have been interacting since the time immemorial. Moreover, these two schools have two different positions on the necessity and cause of incarnation. Thus one can conclude that the doctrine of incarnation is understood in Hinduism and Christianity in radically different fashions.    In Christianity Jesus represents the only incarnation of divinity as the son of God who is one of triple hypostases building trinity and the belief in whom is the path of human salvation. Thus conceived, God has descended into the body of Christ as the ransom of original sin. Then incarnation in Christianity is founded upon two other

  3. Religion, Judaism, and the challenge of maintaining an adequately immunized population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberger, Chaya

    2016-01-27

    A slow but steady trend to decline routine immunization has evolved over the past few decades, despite its pivotal role in staving off life-threatening communicable diseases. Religious beliefs are among the reasons given for exemptions. In the context of an overview of various religious approaches to this issue, this article addresses the Jewish religious obligation to immunize. The latter is nested in the more general obligation to take responsibility for one's health as it is essential to living a morally productive life. Furthermore, the individual's responsibility extends to supporting communal health by contributing to herd immunity. Judaism embraces evidence-based information regarding immunization safety and efficacy and holds the resulting professional guidelines to be religiously binding. From a Jewish perspective, government bodies need to weigh respect for individual autonomy to refrain from immunization against preserving public safety, such that waiving autonomy should be reserved for immediately life-threatening situations. Nurses' knowledge and understanding of the Jewish legal approach as explicated in this article and those of other religions in which similar principles apply (such as Islam and Christianity) can enrich their awareness of how revering God can go hand in hand with an obligation to prevent illness for the self and the community by immunizing. © The Author(s) 2016.

  4. Straight Talk: The Challenge Before Modern Day Hinduism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Ajai

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Hinduism, as an institution, offers very little to the poor and underprivileged within its fold. This is one of the prime reasons for voluntary conversion of Hindus from among its members. B.R. Ambedkar and A.R. Rahman provide poignant examples of how lack of education and health facilities for the underprivileged within its fold, respectively, led to their conversion. This can be countered by a movement to provide large-scale quality health [hospitals/PHCs] and educational [schools/colleges] facilities run by Hindu mission organisations spread over the cities and districts of India. A four point-four phase programmme is presented here to outline how this can be achieved. Those who have the genuine interests of Hinduism at heart will have to set such an agenda before them rather than strident and violent affirmations of its glories. One can understand the reasons for such stridency, but it is time it got converted into constructive affirmative action to keep the flock.

  5. Straight talk: the challenge before modern day hinduism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajai R

    2009-01-01

    Hinduism, as an institution, offers very little to the poor and underprivileged within its fold. This is one of the prime reasons for voluntary conversion of Hindus from among its members. B.R. Ambedkar and A.R. Rahman provide poignant examples of how lack of education and health facilities for the underprivileged within its fold, respectively, led to their conversion. This can be countered by a movement to provide large-scale quality health [hospitals/PHCs] and educational [schools/colleges] facilities run by Hindu mission organisations spread over the cities and districts of India. A four point-four phase programmme is presented here to outline how this can be achieved. Those who have the genuine interests of Hinduism at heart will have to set such an agenda before them rather than strident and violent affirmations of its glories. One can understand the reasons for such stridency, but it is time it got converted into constructive affirmative action to keep the flock.

  6. Pengaruh Islam terhadap Perkembangan Budaya Jawa: tembang Macapat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaun Sahlan, Mulyono

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam came to Indonesia since the seventh century AD has a major influence on the transformation of the local culture. From cultures that were previously heavily influenced by Hinduism is primarily based on two major books from India, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata to the new culture that is influenced by Islamic values. One form of cultural transformation in the field of Javanese literature is the birth of the tembang macapat (song of macapat. Tembang macapat is a form of transformation from Javanese literature of the form kakawin literary dan kidung (ancient Javanese song became a form of Java new song (gending. During its development, macapat song contains a lot of Islamic values so utilized by teachers, preachers, religious scholars and Ulama’ to the means of education and transformation of Islamic values.   Islam datang ke Indonesia sejak abad ke tujuh Masehi memiliki pengaruh besar terhadap transformasi budaya setempat. Dari kebudayaan yang sebelumnya banyak dipengaruhi oleh agama Hindu terutama didasarkan pada dua karya besar dari India yaitu Ramayana dan Mahabharata menuju kepada kebudayaan baru yang dipengaruhi oleh nilai-nilai Islam. Salah satu bentuk transformasi kebudayaan dalam  bidang sastra Jawa adalah lahirnya tembang macapat. Tembang macapat merupakan bentuk transformasi sastra Jawa dari bentuk kakawin dan kidung menjadi sastra puisi yang berupa lagu/gending. Dalam perkembangannya, tembang macapat banyak mengandung nilai-nilai Islam sehingga dimanfaatkan oleh para guru, mubaligh, kyai maupun ulama’ untuk sarana pendidikan dan dakwah nilai-nilai Islam.

  7. What Makes Islamic Science "Islamic"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Muzaffar

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the roots of science in Islam and the fundamental statement, "There is no god but God". Presents Islamic knowledge and concepts and states that "a Muslim is required to seek knowledge". This religious perspective is viewed with regard to the sciences in Islamic civilizations. (Author/YDS)

  8. AN ANALYSIS OF SIDDHARTHA'S QUEST FOR MOKSA IN HESSE'S NOVEL THROUGH THE LENS OF HINDUISM

    OpenAIRE

    Techapon Saengwong; Prommintra Kongkaew

    2017-01-01

    The purposes of the study were to examine the concept of the quest for spiritual liberation of Hinduism and to analyze Siddhartha’s quest for moksa in Hesse’s novel that accords with the concept of Hinduism. The text used to analyze is Hesse’s novel, Siddhartha. The study found that Siddhartha’s quest for moksa is consistent with the concept on the quest for spiritual liberation of Hinduism in three aspects. Firstly, Siddhartha’s quest depicts the four stages of life as related to ages and du...

  9. [How does Hinduism analyze an ethical clinical dilemma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samtani B, Suraj; Jadue Z, Mariana; Beca I, Juan Pablo

    2009-11-01

    It is indispensable for physicians to understand and recognize the fusion of different cultures, to deliver the best possible service to patients with different cultural backgrounds, especially when ethical-medical problems are involved. The Hindu community in Chile differs in significant ways with the western culture. This is especially true for some issues such as the belief in reincarnation or gender inequality, among others. These discrepancies can be relevant for the analysis of several bioethical problems. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the different beliefs, traditions and Hindu visions. We hereby present a review of Hinduism, its relation with medical practice and, as an example, a case of abortion in a Hindu family. Reviewing the traditions, beliefs and methods will help to understand and respect the beliefs of different cultures in contemporary and globalized bioethics.

  10. The Racialization of Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Khyati Y.

    2006-01-01

    In this article I posit the "racialization" of religion, a process that begins when certain phenotypical features associated with a group and attached to race in popular discourse become associated with a particular religion or religions. By examining the experiences of Indian Americans--a group made up primarily of Hindus, Muslims, and…

  11. The Racialization of Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Khyati Y.

    2006-01-01

    In this article I posit the "racialization" of religion, a process that begins when certain phenotypical features associated with a group and attached to race in popular discourse become associated with a particular religion or religions. By examining the experiences of Indian Americans--a group made up primarily of Hindus, Muslims, and…

  12. Hinduism and death with dignity: historic and contemporary case examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewar, Rajan; Cahners, Nancy; Mitchell, Christine; Forrow, Lachlan

    2015-01-01

    An estimated 1.2 to 2.3 million Hindus live in the United States. End-of-life care choices for a subset of these patients may be driven by religious beliefs. In this article, we present Hindu beliefs that could strongly influence a devout person's decisions about medical care, including end-of-life care. We provide four case examples (one sacred epic, one historical example, and two cases from current practice) that illustrate Hindu notions surrounding pain and suffering at the end of life. Chief among those is the principle of karma, through which one reaps the benefits and penalties for past deeds. Deference to one's spouse or family is another important Hindu value, especially among Hindu women, which can impact the decision-making process and challenge the Western emphasis on autonomy. In addition, the Hindu embrace of astrology can lead to a desire to control the exact time of death. Confounding any generalizations, a Hindu patient may reject or accept treatments based on the individual patient's or family's interpretation of any given tradition. Through an awareness of some of the fundamental practices in Hinduism and the role of individual interpretation within the tradition, clinicians will be better able to support their Hindu patients and families at the end of life.

  13. Worship one in Islam and Sikhism Searching & Review According to Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadm mahdi Alimardi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available   In this summary, there is an effort to explain the concept of worship one and oneness in Islam and Sikhism. Sikhism is the youngest of the world religions and the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in the Punjab area of India in the fifteenth century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam. A Sikh believes ( EK ONKAAR there is only One God. IK ONKAAR the most significant word used in the Sikh teachings. But believe in one God in Sikhism is the same Muslim's believe ? However, some believe that the first part of this statement of faith (La ilaha illa'Llah, expresses the absolute monotheism which is inherent in Islam “There is no god other than God." This is the essence of the Muslim profession of faith (shahadah. Pronouncement of the Islamic creed, the Shahadah, is the supreme religious act. Its mere recitation suffices for an entry into the "community of the believers." this is also rejection of polytheism, the destruction of idols, and the witness given to the one and unique God, the Lord and Creator of all that exists? ( Mircea, Eliade, 1987:26     

  14. Worship one in Islam and Sikhism Searching & Review According to Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alimardi, M

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this summary, there is an effort to explain the concept of worship one and oneness in Islam and Sikhism. Sikhism is the youngest of the world religions and the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in the Punjab area of India in the fifteenth century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam. A Sikh believes ( EK ONKAAR there is only One God. IK ONKAAR the most significant word used in the Sikh teachings. But believe in one God in Sikhism is the same Muslim's believe? However, some believe that the first part of this statement of faith (La ilaha illa'Llah, expresses the absolute monotheism which is inherent in Islam “There is no god other than God." This is the essence of the Muslim profession of faith (shahadah. Pronouncement of the Islamic creed, the Shahadah, is the supreme religious act. Its mere recitation suffices for an entry into the "community of the believers." this is also rejection of polytheism, the destruction of idols, and the witness given to the one and unique God, the Lord and Creator of all that exists? ( Mircea, Eliade, 1987:26("

  15. Facing the Inequalities of Development: Some lessons from Judaism and Christianity

    OpenAIRE

    Bernardo Kliksberg

    2003-01-01

    Bernardo Kliksberg looks at the commitment of two major religions - Judaism and Christianity - to development. Why has Judaism been ahead of the pack in pushing for the examination and resolution of the key problems of development? He suggests that the answer lies largely in the Old Testament. He also examines the fundamental precepts of church doctrine on this subject. He proposes a synthetic approach, one that arises from both religions' approach to globalization and development. Developmen...

  16. Suicide in Judaism with a Special Emphasis on Modern Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Stein

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Judaism considers the duty of preserving life as a paramount injunction. Specific injunctions against suicide appear in the Bible, Talmud, and thereafter. Nevertheless, Jewish tradition emphasizes that one should let himself be killed rather than violate cardinal rules of Jewish law. Mitigating circumstances are found for the six deaths by suicide mentioned in the Bible, for example to account for one's sins, or avoid shameful death. Heroic suicide is praised throughout the Jewish history, from the suicide of Samson and the collective suicide in Masada, to the collective readiness of Jews in Medieval times and during the Holocaust to kill themselves rather than succumb to their enemies. Suicide rates for Jews are lower than those of Protestants and Catholics. Similarly, suicide rates in Israel are lower in comparison to Europe and North America, although being higher than those in most Moslem Asian and North African countries. This low rate of suicide is found in Jewish Israelis of all ages, including in adolescents. Elevated suicidal risk may be found in specific sub-populations, including male Israeli soldiers, immigrants from the former USSR and Ethiopia, in particular adolescent immigrants from the former USSR, elderly Holocaust survivors, and young Israel-Arab women. The meaning of these findings is discussed according to different socio-cultural perspectives.

  17. The Promised Savior in Pre-Islamic Great Religions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahin Arab

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Since the ancient times the belief in the rise of the Reformer has been a fundamental principle. Many of the holy prophets have announced the advent of new prophet. Moreover in the announcements and indications of predecessors there are always allusions to "the Last Promised" and "the Savior of Last Days" under such titles as "Kalki", "Fifth Buddha", "Soshyans", "Messiah", "The Son of Man" and so on and so forth. Of course there are different types of belief in the last reformer in religions. In one place the Savior is merely a social reformer while in another place he is only after the spiritual salvation of people and even sometimes he undertakes both tasks. On the other hand, the Last Promised is once nationalist and once seeks to save the whole world.    This essay seeks to assay the views of pre-Islamic great religions including Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism as to the Promised Savior. This essay is an analytico-descriptive research which has based itself on the first hand works comprising the sacred scriptures of religions and proceeds through the typological analyses of idea of the Promised in religions.    Zoroastrianism: the idea of the Promised has been tied to the notion of Soshyant. Generally speaking, this notion alludes to a group of people who periodically emerge at the end of every millennium of the last three millennia of world's age so as to uproot evil and renew the world, the last one of these reformers is Soshyans. According to the aforementioned typology, Zoroastrian idea of Last Savior is among the Promised who saves the whole world. Moreover Zoroastrian Promised cannot be declared only a social savior as he is not wholly detached from people's spirituality too. From another point of view, Zoroastrian idea of the Promised represents a universal and not nationalist savior who is relatively a human and not divine entity who emerges in the last millennium of world's age.    Judaism: in the

  18. The Promised Savior in Pre-Islamic Great Religions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahin Arab

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the ancient times the belief in the rise of the Reformer has been a fundamental principle. Many of the holy prophets have announced the advent of new prophet. Moreover in the announcements and indications of predecessors there are always allusions to "the Last Promised" and "the Savior of Last Days" under such titles as "Kalki", "Fifth Buddha", "Soshyans", "Messiah", "The Son of Man" and so on and so forth. Of course there are different types of belief in the last reformer in religions. In one place the Savior is merely a social reformer while in another place he is only after the spiritual salvation of people and even sometimes he undertakes both tasks. On the other hand, the Last Promised is once nationalist and once seeks to save the whole world.    This essay seeks to assay the views of pre-Islamic great religions including Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism as to the Promised Savior. This essay is an analytico-descriptive research which has based itself on the first hand works comprising the sacred scriptures of religions and proceeds through the typological analyses of idea of the Promised in religions.    Zoroastrianism: the idea of the Promised has been tied to the notion of Soshyant. Generally speaking, this notion alludes to a group of people who periodically emerge at the end of every millennium of the last three millennia of world's age so as to uproot evil and renew the world, the last one of these reformers is Soshyans. According to the aforementioned typology, Zoroastrian idea of Last Savior is among the Promised who saves the whole world. Moreover Zoroastrian Promised cannot be declared only a social savior as he is not wholly detached from people's spirituality too. From another point of view, Zoroastrian idea of the Promised represents a universal and not nationalist savior who is relatively a human and not divine entity who emerges in the last millennium of world's age.    Judaism: in the

  19. Measuring Attitude toward Theistic Faith: Assessing the Astley-Francis Scale among Christian, Muslim and Secular Youth in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Leslie J.; Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Alongside a family of instruments designed to measure the attitudinal dimension of religion within specific faith contexts (Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism), the Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith was designed to assess the attitudinal dimension of religion within a multifaith context. Drawing on a sample of 4338…

  20. Assessing Attitude towards Religion: The Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Theistic Faith

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astley, Jeff; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2012-01-01

    This study builds on the research tradition modelled by the Francis Scale of Attitude towards Christianity, the Katz-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Judaism, the Sahin-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Islam and the Santosh-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Hinduism to propose a generic instrument concerned with attitudes towards theistic faith.…

  1. Multireligious, Multicultural, and Multiethnic Calendar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korra, Herb, Comp.

    This guide features materials concerning ethnic and religious groups and the annual dates important to those groups. Specifically, the guide contains an index of religious holidays; a list of the historical dates important to Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism; and a calendar that lists, by month, cultural and…

  2. Religion as a Site of Language Contact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spolsky, Bernard

    2003-01-01

    Provides an overview of early work on the translation of sacred texts into various languages. Reviews the language use patterns and practices historically characteristic of different religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Quakerism. Describes linguistic effects of missionary activity in several…

  3. World Religions, Women and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Ursula

    1987-01-01

    Examines religious traditions--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Western Christianity--to see how women were taught and what knowledge was transmitted to them. Notes that women have always had some access to religious knowledge in informal ways but were excluded from formal education once sacred knowledge became transmitted in an…

  4. Assessing Attitude towards Religion: The Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Theistic Faith

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astley, Jeff; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2012-01-01

    This study builds on the research tradition modelled by the Francis Scale of Attitude towards Christianity, the Katz-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Judaism, the Sahin-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Islam and the Santosh-Francis Scale of Attitude towards Hinduism to propose a generic instrument concerned with attitudes towards theistic faith.…

  5. A Comparative Study on Religion between Britainand China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐彩霞

    2012-01-01

    1. INTRODUCTION Religion in Britain In the UK, Christians constitute about 71% of the population, but Britain is a multi-faith society and all other religions, including; Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam and Sikhism are freely practiced. About 23% of Britons have no particular religion. Religion in China China is a

  6. Overview of religions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Nicky

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a brief overview of 9 religions: Christianity, Judaism, Jehovah's Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Christian Science, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. Basic information on the origins, language, naming practices, diet, personal hygiene, and dress requirements is provided. For additional information, Web sites for each of these religions are also provided.

  7. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  8. Planning a December to Remember

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Keith

    2012-01-01

    Because the population of today's schools is so multicultural, teachers may find a variety of religious beliefs represented in their classrooms, from Islam, Judaism, and Christianity to Jehovah's Witnesses, Hinduism, atheism, and many others. All of which makes the season of December a little tricky to navigate, even when one is teaching "the…

  9. Festivals Together. A Guide to Multi-cultural Celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzjohn, Sue; Weston, Minda; Large, Judy

    This is a resource guide for observing and celebrating special days according to the traditions of many cultures. It brings together the experience and activities of persons from many religions--Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, and the Sikh religion--and draws on diverse backgrounds from many parts of the world. The context is…

  10. Religion as a Site of Language Contact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spolsky, Bernard

    2003-01-01

    Provides an overview of early work on the translation of sacred texts into various languages. Reviews the language use patterns and practices historically characteristic of different religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Quakerism. Describes linguistic effects of missionary activity in several…

  11. Festivals Together. A Guide to Multi-cultural Celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzjohn, Sue; Weston, Minda; Large, Judy

    This is a resource guide for observing and celebrating special days according to the traditions of many cultures. It brings together the experience and activities of persons from many religions--Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, and the Sikh religion--and draws on diverse backgrounds from many parts of the world. The context is…

  12. Planning a December to Remember

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Keith

    2012-01-01

    Because the population of today's schools is so multicultural, teachers may find a variety of religious beliefs represented in their classrooms, from Islam, Judaism, and Christianity to Jehovah's Witnesses, Hinduism, atheism, and many others. All of which makes the season of December a little tricky to navigate, even when one is teaching "the…

  13. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  14. World Religions, Women and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Ursula

    1987-01-01

    Examines religious traditions--Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Western Christianity--to see how women were taught and what knowledge was transmitted to them. Notes that women have always had some access to religious knowledge in informal ways but were excluded from formal education once sacred knowledge became transmitted in an…

  15. Multireligious, Multicultural, and Multiethnic Calendar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korra, Herb, Comp.

    This guide features materials concerning ethnic and religious groups and the annual dates important to those groups. Specifically, the guide contains an index of religious holidays; a list of the historical dates important to Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism; and a calendar that lists, by month, cultural and…

  16. Measuring Attitude toward Theistic Faith: Assessing the Astley-Francis Scale among Christian, Muslim and Secular Youth in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Leslie J.; Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Alongside a family of instruments designed to measure the attitudinal dimension of religion within specific faith contexts (Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism), the Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith was designed to assess the attitudinal dimension of religion within a multifaith context. Drawing on a sample of 4338…

  17. World Religions for the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Dorothy Arnett

    This teaching and resource guide contains ideas appropriate for teaching junior and senior high school students about the following religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Individual sections discuss general approaches to teaching the religious philosophies and rituals, and exemplary…

  18. Teaching Liberal Arts Undergraduates about Hinduism Amid Theoretical and Political Contestation Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Andrew O.

    2006-01-01

    As the number of people of South Asian heritage in America has greatly increased over recent decades, the study and teaching of Hinduism has come under ever greater scrutiny. During this time, the number of students of Indian background has vastly increased in some schools in some parts of the United States. This increased presence and scrutiny…

  19. Hinduism and the Culture of India. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1994 (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winikur, Ilene

    This packet contains sixth and seventh grade level interdisciplinary lesson outlines about India. Concepts to be developed include: (1) "Geography and Its Impact upon the Development of India's Different Cultures"; (2) "Religion and Philosophy Focusing on Hinduism and Festivals"; (3) "Literature using the Ramayana and…

  20. Focus on Hinduism: Audio-Visual Resources for Teaching Religion. Occasional Publication No. 23.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dell, David; And Others

    The guide presents annotated lists of audio and visual materials about the Hindu religion. The authors point out that Hinduism cannot be comprehended totally by reading books; thus the resources identified in this guide will enhance understanding based on reading. The guide is intended for use by high school and college students, teachers,…

  1. Teaching Liberal Arts Undergraduates about Hinduism Amid Theoretical and Political Contestation Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Andrew O.

    2006-01-01

    As the number of people of South Asian heritage in America has greatly increased over recent decades, the study and teaching of Hinduism has come under ever greater scrutiny. During this time, the number of students of Indian background has vastly increased in some schools in some parts of the United States. This increased presence and scrutiny…

  2. Hinduism: A Unit for Junior High and Middle School Social Studies Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, Louis J.

    As an introduction and explanation of the historical development, major concepts, beliefs, practices, and traditions of Hinduism, this teaching unit provides a course outline for class discussion and activities for reading the classic epic, "The Ramayana." The unit requires 10 class sessions and utilizes slides, historical readings,…

  3. Supplementary Schooling and the Law of Unanticipated Consequences: A Review Essay of Stuart Schoenfeld's "Folk Judaism, Elite Judaism and the Role of Bar Mitzvah in the Development of the Synagogue and Jewish School in America"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aron, Isa

    2010-01-01

    Stuart Schoenfeld's (1987) essay "Folk Judaism, Elite Judaism and the Role of Bar Mitzvah in the Development of the Synagogue and Jewish School in America" recounts how, in the 1930s and 40s, rabbis and Jewish educators banded together to impose attendance requirements on families that wanted to celebrate their sons' b'nei mitzvah in synagogues.…

  4. Islamism and Radicalism in the Maldives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    are all that remains of this religion.29 The other two religious orders that prevailed in Maldives were Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism may have...Maldives may have practiced Hinduism as well. Phillip B. Wagoner, “Sultan Among Hindu Kings: Dress, Titles and Islamicization of Hindu Culture at

  5. POLITIK IDENTITAS MASYARAKAT TENGGER DALAM MEMPERTAHANKAN SISTEM KEBUDAYAAN DARI HEGEMONI ISLAM DAN KEKUASAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Maksum

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the dynamic of Tengger communities life in order to defend its culture with regard to the expansion of Islam and the power of Indonesian government. The research were conducted in two villages, Ngadisari and Sapikerep, Probolinggo. Using the perspective of representation theory, this study  elaborate more detail about the strategy of the Tengger people in representing their identity in the midst of the dynamics of the changing time. The dynamics dialectic between the Tengger and power (Islam have brought out two important propositions. First, because of the strong tradition and culture Tengger systems, both Hindu and Islamic ideology interpreted as a cultural system that only symbolically attached to the Tengger. Second, although impressed syncretic, in fact, Islam and Hinduism also established world view Tengger substantive and culturally. The second view is as commonly as Islam in Java, "Javanese Islam" behind its character as if syncretic. However, it shows "substantial Islam" because it is based on religious traditions of Sufism.

  6. Introducing Teenagers to a Dialogue with Judaism as the Task of School Catechesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Kostorz

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This analysis proves that introducing teenagers to a dialogue with Judaism is one of catechesis’s tasks. This task has been outlined in the post-conciliar documents of the Catholic Church. It underlines the spiritual ties between Catholic people and the Jews and promotes forming an attitude of openness towards followers of the Mosaic religion. It also contributes to mitigating anti-Semitism among Catholic teenagers. At the same time, it raises interest in Jewish traditions and culture. In the religion syllabus in lower and post-secondary schools we can come across numerous references (mainly indirect to Judaism. The focus on passing honest knowledge about Judaism can be also clearly visible. In this way, formation of the cognitive element of inter- religious dialogue takes place. On the other hand, less attention is devoted to other components of this attitude such as the emotional and behavioural elements. That is why there is a demand to complete the lacking elements by watching films and having discussions. The above mentioned multimedia materials called “The religion lesson” have been prepared to satisfy this need. Great importance is also attached to creating situations that allow Christian teenagers to participate in meetings with the Jews. It can be organized in the form of Days of Judaism and panel discussions with Jews and distinguished contemporary theologians and philosophers. Open meetings with representatives of Judaism are a great opportunity to perceive the Jews as “older brethren in the faith”. They let young people discover the cultural wealth and vision of Judaism and teach teenagers respect for the religious beliefs of the Jews. Thereby, they can contribute to the change of mentality of young participants of catechesis in their approach to Judaism. It is worth referring to the works of Jewish culture in these activities. It is the cultural heritage that comprises a great reference point to showing the strong Judaic

  7. Islam and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salam, Abdus

    The following sections are included: * The Holy Quran and Science * Modem Science, A Greco- Islamic Legacy * The Decline of Sciences in Islam * The Limitations of Science * Faith and Science * The Present Picture of Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Renaissance of Sciences in Islam * Steps Needed for Building up Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Science Education * Science Foundations in Islam * Technology in Our Countries * Concluding Remarks * REFERENCES

  8. Introduktion. Islam & institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Brian Arly

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion til Tidsskrift for Islamforskning temanummer Islam & institutioner Udgivelsesdato: 18-02......Introduktion til Tidsskrift for Islamforskning temanummer Islam & institutioner Udgivelsesdato: 18-02...

  9. Islamic Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doranda Maracineanu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The law system of a State represents the body of rules passed or recognized by that State inorder to regulate the social relationships, rules that must be freely obeyed by their recipients, otherwisethe State intervening with its coercive power. Throughout the development of the society, pedants havebeen particularly interested in the issue of law systems, each supporting various classifications; theclassification that has remained is the one distinguishing between the Anglo-Saxon, the Roman-German,the religious and respectively the communist law systems. The third main international law system is theMuslim one, founded on the Muslim religion – the Islam. The Islam promotes the idea that Allah createdthe law and therefore it must be preserved and observed as such. Etymologically, the Arabian word“Islam” means “to be wanted, to obey” implying the fact that this law system promotes total andunconditioned submission to Allah. The Islamic law is not built on somebody of laws or leading cases,but has as source. The Islam is meant as a universal religion, the Koran promoting the idea of the unityof mankind; thus, one of the precepts in the Koran asserts that “all men are equal (…, there is nodifference between a white man and a black man, between one who is Arabian and one who is not,except for the measure in which they fear God.” The Koran is founded mainly on the Talmud, Hebrewsource of inspiration, and only on very few Christian sources. The Islam does not forward ideas whichcannot be materialized; on the contrary its ideas are purely practical, easy to be observed by the commonman, ideas subordinated to the principle of monotheism. The uncertainties and gaps of the Koran, whichhave been felt along the years, imposed the need for another set of rules, meant to supplement it – that isSunna. Sunna represents a body of laws and, consequently, the second source of the Koran. Sunnanarrates the life of the prophet Mohamed, the model to

  10. Disentangling the neural mechanisms involved in Hinduism- and Buddhism-related meditations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasino, Barbara; Chiesa, Alberto; Fabbro, Franco

    2014-10-01

    The most diffuse forms of meditation derive from Hinduism and Buddhism spiritual traditions. Different cognitive processes are set in place to reach these meditation states. According to an historical-philological hypothesis (Wynne, 2009) the two forms of meditation could be disentangled. While mindfulness is the focus of Buddhist meditation reached by focusing sustained attention on the body, on breathing and on the content of the thoughts, reaching an ineffable state of nothigness accompanied by a loss of sense of self and duality (Samadhi) is the main focus of Hinduism-inspired meditation. It is possible that these different practices activate separate brain networks. We tested this hypothesis by conducting an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. The network related to Buddhism-inspired meditation (16 experiments, 263 subjects, and 96 activation foci) included activations in some frontal lobe structures associated with executive attention, possibly confirming the fundamental role of mindfulness shared by many Buddhist meditations. By contrast, the network related to Hinduism-inspired meditation (8 experiments, 54 activation foci and 66 subjects) triggered a left lateralized network of areas including the postcentral gyrus, the superior parietal lobe, the hippocampus and the right middle cingulate cortex. The dissociation between anterior and posterior networks support the notion that different meditation styles and traditions are characterized by different patterns of neural activation. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  11. Some principles of Islamic ethics as found in Harrisian philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aksoy, Sahin

    2010-04-01

    John Harris is one of the prominent philosophers and bioethicists of our time. He has published tens of books and hundreds of papers throughout his professional life. This paper aims to take a 'deep-look' at Harris' works to argue that it is possible to find some principles of Islamic ethics in Harrisian philosophy, namely in his major works, as well as in his personal life. This may be surprising, or thought of as a 'big' and 'groundless' claim, since John Harris has nothing to do with any religion in his intellectual works. The major features of Harrisian philosophy could be defined as consequentialism or utilitarianism with liberal overtones. Despite some significant and fundamental differences in the application of principles (ie, abortion, euthanasia), the similarities between the major principles in Harrisian philosophy and Islamic ethics are greater at some points than the similarities between Islamic ethics and some other religious ethics (ie, Christian, Judaism). In this study I compare Harrisian teachings with major Islamic principles on 'Responsibility', 'Side-effects and Double-effects', 'Equality', 'Vicious choice, guilt and innocence', 'Organ transplantation and property rights' and 'Advance directives'.

  12. Islamic Mobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    2016-01-01

    assert themselves in modern Malaysia, the more the growing Malay Muslim middle class is split between desiring cars as positional commodities, on the one hand, and claims for piety through consumption, on the other. An important question is how Malay Muslim middle-class identity is practised through...... divergent forms of car consumption. Discussing ethnographic material from fieldwork among Malay middle-class families, I show how car consumption generates not only distinctions, practices and moral symbolic boundaries but also ideas about Islam, nation and excess....

  13. Aḥmad Muṣṭafā Ṭāshkubrīzāde’s (d. 968/1561 polemical tract against Judaism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidtke, Sabine

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with a short polemical tract against Judaism written by the well-known Ottoman scholar Aḥmad Muṣṭafā Ṭāshkubrīzāde (d. 968/1560. The author uses the same arguments known to us from medieval polemics, viz. that the Torah, which was abrogated by Islam, contains references to the Prophet Muḥammad, despite the fact that it was tampered with by the Jews. In addition to the Bible, Ṭāshkubrīzāde quotes a number of later Jewish sources that add an important dimension to his tract. After a brief introduction in which the possibility of the author's indebtedness to Ibn Abī ‘Abd al-Dayyān, a Jewish convert to Islam, is discussed, an edition and translation of the text are provided.

    Este artículo estudia un corto tratado de polémica en contra del judaísmo escrito por el conocido erudito otomano Aḥmad Muṣṭafā Ṭāšhkubrīzāde (m. 968/1560. El autor utiliza los mismos argumentos que conocemos de la polémica religiosa medieval, tales como que la Torah, abrogada por el Islam, contenía referencias al Profeta Muḥammad a pesar de que su texto fue corrompido por los judíos. Además de la Biblia, Ṭāšhkubrīzāde cita una serie de fuentes judías tardías que añaden una importante dimensión a este trabajo. Después de una breve introducción en que se discute la posibilidad de la deuda del autor respecto a la obra de Ibn Abī ‘Abd al-Dayyān, un converso del judaísmo al Islam, se presenta una edición y traducción del texto.

  14. Standards of Islamity in Islamic civilization

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    Babaei Habibollah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available What is the criterion for Islamity in Islamic civilization theory? Is it faith (internal feature or Islam (external aspect? Emphasizing Islam as an external issue could result in hypocrisy, and highlighting faith (iman might lead to excommunication (takfir from the civilization. In order to respond to this question, I will argue that Islamic civilization (in both theory and practice starts from minimum Islam to include majority of people as Muslim Ummah, then it develops by faith-training to reduce hypocrisy. Faith-based civilization could be the peak point of Islamic civilization but faith per se (without external signs cannot be evaluated on individual and social scale. Based on this, and contrary to excommunicators, Islam is the single way for recognition of religiosity and Islamity in the civilization. And iman is the way for a rapid and successful development of humanity, morality, and rationality with the aim of creating the greatest humanized communication system that is the hard core of every civilization.

  15. Islam og Islamisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk

    2010-01-01

    En præsentation og en kritik af nyere international forskning i islam og islamisme Udgivelsesdato: Februar......En præsentation og en kritik af nyere international forskning i islam og islamisme Udgivelsesdato: Februar...

  16. Er islam en trussel?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk

    2007-01-01

    Et bidrag til belysning af forholdet mellem islam, muslimer og politisk/religiøs terror i samtiden......Et bidrag til belysning af forholdet mellem islam, muslimer og politisk/religiøs terror i samtiden...

  17. BENTUK ISLAM FAKTUAL: KARAKTER DAN TIPOLOGI ISLAM INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Irham Yuwanamu

    2016-01-01

    Artikel ini berupaya menjelaskan terkait dengan Islam faktual sebagai keniscayaan yang terjadi kepada umat Islam. Bahwasanya Islam faktual merupakan bentuk keberagamaan umat muslim di dunia yang dapat dipengaruhi oleh latar sosial dan budaya masyarakat. Islam faktual dapat terjadi perbedaan di antara umat muslim yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Dalam artikel ini Islam faktual yang menjadi kajian adalah Islam Indonesia. Pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab adalah bagaimana karakter dan tipologi Islam I...

  18. Islam as a Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butterworth, Charles E.

    2012-01-01

    The attention in the West, especially in the United States, now accorded Islam and those who conduct themselves according to its precepts betrays woeful ignorance of both. As Graham Fuller has persuasively argued in his recent book, "A World Without Islam", Western culture owes much to Islam as well as to Muslims and would be greatly impoverished…

  19. Islam: Stereotypes Still Prevail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blasing, Rick

    1996-01-01

    Explores and criticizes the negative image of Islamic culture often fostered by Western media. Briefly considers the career, contributions, and example of Yusuf Islam (the former Cat Stevens). Includes a list of common misconceptions about Islam followed by corrective information. (MJP)

  20. ARSITEKTUR ISLAM: Seni Ruang dalam Peradaban Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aulia Fikriarini

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Human being as a caliph, here related to the function of architect, has responsibility for the environment. Hence, in doing their activities in this world, they have to cope with the nature considering the principal of balance and harmony. Architecture as one of the sciences should also go along with the Islamic values. The values based on the Quran should certainly be the foundation for all efforts of developing any sciences, including architectur. The application of Islam values will produce works of “Islamic architecture” that comprise a combination of culture and humans’ submission to their God, which characterizes the harmony of the human beings, environment, and their  Creator. Islamic architecture suggests a complex geometrical relation, hierarchy of shapes and ornaments, and deep symbolic meaning. This writing describes the fact that works of Islamic architectures in over the world that is based on Islamic ethical values and manners do not represent a single and identical shape. However, the varieties and wealth of shapes are unfield by one purpose, that is, as a medium of devoting to God. The varieties create a multitude of Islamic architecture products within Islamic civilization, which lead human beings to rahmatan lil alamiin.

  1. BENTUK ISLAM FAKTUAL: KARAKTER DAN TIPOLOGI ISLAM INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irham Yuwanamu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini berupaya menjelaskan terkait dengan Islam faktual sebagai keniscayaan yang terjadi kepada umat Islam. Bahwasanya Islam faktual merupakan bentuk keberagamaan umat muslim di dunia yang dapat dipengaruhi oleh latar sosial dan budaya masyarakat. Islam faktual dapat terjadi perbedaan di antara umat muslim yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Dalam artikel ini Islam faktual yang menjadi kajian adalah Islam Indonesia. Pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab adalah bagaimana karakter dan tipologi Islam Indonesia? Kesimpulan yang ditemukannya, bahwa karakter Islam Indonesia adalah wasatiyah dan tipologinya adalah akomodatif dengan sosio-kultur di masyarakat. Kemudian tipologi yang dikemukakan oleh Clifford Geertz dalam hal ini sudah tidak relevan lagi, khususnya untuk menggambarkan Islam Jawa sebagai contoh Islam Indonesia. Selanjutnya era kontemporer ini Islam Indonesia sebagian kecil mengalami pergeseran orientasi ke arah Islam transnasional, yakni Islam yang bermanhaj salafi. Artikel ini merupakan sebuah kajian literatur yang menggunakan bahan-bahan hasil penelitian terkait dengan tema yang menjadi objek kajian.    This article efforts to explain the associated with Islam factual as a necessity that happened to the Muslims. That Islam factual is a form of religious Muslims in the world who could be affected by the social and cultural background. Islam factual can occur differences between Muslims with each other. In this article the Islam factual  become to be studied is Islam Indonesian. Questions to be answered is how the characters and the typology of Indonesian Islam? The conclusion that the discovery, that the character of Islam Indonesian is wasatiyah and typology is accommodating to the socio-culture in society. Then typology proposed by Clifford Geertz in this case was no longer relevant, particularly to describe Islam Java as an example. Furthermore, this contemporary era Islam Indonesian in part experienced a shift in orientation toward

  2. ARSITEKTUR ISLAM: Seni Ruang dalam Peradaban Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Aulia Fikriarini

    2011-01-01

    Human being as a caliph, here related to the function of architect, has responsibility for the environment. Hence, in doing their activities in this world, they have to cope with the nature considering the principal of balance and harmony. Architecture as one of the sciences should also go along with the Islamic values. The values based on the Quran should certainly be the foundation for all efforts of developing any sciences, including architectur. The application of Islam values will pr...

  3. Feminismus contra jüdische Frömmigkeit? Feminism vs. Judaism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Brentzel

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Bertha Pappenheim, berühmt vor allem als Anna O. aus Breuers und Freuds Studien über Hysterie, wurde nach Überwindung ihrer Krankheit eine bekannte jüdische Frauenrechtlerin und Pionierin der sozialen Arbeit. Britta Konz legt mit ihrer Dissertation eine theologisch fundierte Analyse des Lebenswerks dieser faszinierenden Frau vor, die 1904 den Jüdischen Frauenbund gründete, um für ihre Version des Judentums einzutreten: die Verbindung von traditionellem Judentum und Frauenemanzipation. Dieses weiblich-jüdische „Projekt der Moderne“ steht im Mittelpunkt der Studie.Bertha Pappenheim, best known as Anna O. from Breuer and Freud’s Studies on Hysteria, became a well-known Jewish women’s rights activist and pioneer of social work after she overcame her illness. Britta Konz’s dissertation presents a theologically grounded analysis of the life work of this fascinating woman who founded the Jewish League of Women in 1904 in order to advocate her version of Judaism, which joins traditional Judaism with women’s emancipation. This feminine-Jewish “Project of Modernism” is central to the study.

  4. Femminismo e Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fehmi Jadaane

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Feminism and Islam - This article describes new developments in Islamic feminism. In the XIX Century of the Enlightenment, the idea of acknowledging sexual equality started a reform movement which put the question of women’s rights at the center. With the intensification of migratory movements and globalization, this debate has gone beyond the borders of Muslim countries, and now also involves western society. This paper discusses different Islamic feminist views with respect to the question of women rights. The author argues for the necessity of developing a new hermeneutic approach to the Koran in order to give rise to an enlightened, rational, egalitarian and humanistic Islam.

  5. ISLAM DAN DOKTRIN MILITERISME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ach. Fajruddin Fatwa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Islam is a religion of peace. To reconcile Islam wi th militarism would require an adequate explanation. Although since the beginning of its pr esence, Islam has experienced a variety of physical conflict and war, It does not m ean that Islam gives excessive attention to the establishment of military force as an inhere nt part of life. Military establishment in Islam is due to respond to the many distractions, c hallenges and attacks of the opponent. Islamic military organization is not neatly arrange d entirely. Slowly but sure, military organizations become more organized, slim and effec tive. Likewise, Islamic provisions that regulate matters relating to war is a form of Islamic law which is a real response to the social development. In addition military tradit ion that developed is a real response to physical threats that affecting Muslims. Therefore, Islam intentionally have limited warfare just in the three concrete forms: the time and location of a limited war as well as strict distinction in the treatment of military civ il war.

  6. ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSLIM LAW AND ITS MAIN SOURCES, INFLUENCE OF WESTERNIZATION ON LEGAL SYSTEMS OF MUSLIM COUNTRIES AND ISLAMIZATION OF ROMANGERMANIC AND ANGLO-SAXON LEGAL FAMILIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasskazov L. P.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the Genesis of Islam and its role in the development of Muslim law family, highlights the main sources of Muslim law legal families. It is noted an important role of standards in Islamic law developed by the theologians of the activities in the process of interpretation in filling gaps in the law. All this has led to the emergence of different schools or sects, which contributed to the creation of many ideologically warring with each other Muslim sects. The followers of these movements convince their supporters that the rest courses are false. The article notes that currently, in general, the Muslim law has not lost its position. Modern Islamic community of the world has about a billion and a half followers. The Muslim law has not only maintained its position, but also extends its sphere of influence. Islam – the youngest world religion - enters the countries whose people earlier professed Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, etc., the Followers of Islam, moving to other countries, almost do not assimilate. So, the Islamic community in Europe is practically not subjected to European influence. Some of the legal institutions in a number of non-Muslim countries are subjected to Islamization. In some countries, Islamic law is not considered as legally valid, but it works in fact. This happens in the Muslim enclaves of Europe, it is happening in Russia, particularly in the republics of the North Caucasus

  7. Islam in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Schøler

    2008-01-01

    A discussion of various approaches to Islam and Muslims in Europe in seven books published in the USA and the UK between 2005 and 2007.......A discussion of various approaches to Islam and Muslims in Europe in seven books published in the USA and the UK between 2005 and 2007....

  8. Theological Anti-Judaism in Gregory the Great Rodrigo Laham Cohen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laham Cohen, Rodrigo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Christian use of anti-Jewish topics during the first millennium has generated discussions concerning the reasons for that discursive practice. Some researchers have considered a genuine conflict between Jews and Christians as the root of the Adversus Iudaeos literature. In contrast, another position emphasized discursive aspects, highlighting the Christian need for defining its identity in opposition to the Jewish past. From that point of view anti-Judaism thus stands as a textual question largely disconnected from the social context. The work of Gregory the Great, due to its noticeable textual variability, becomes a fundamental tool to understand the dynamics of anti-Judaism. In this article we explore all the Gregorian texts in a qualitative and quantitative analysis, underlining the kind of texts in which the topoi Adversus Iudaeos appear and concluding that, at least for the Pope between 590 and 604, anti-Judaism was a strictly symbolic question.El uso de tópicos antijudíos por parte de los hombres de Iglesia del primer milenio ha suscitado debates en torno a las razones que motivaron tal práctica discursiva. Una línea de investigación enfatizó la existencia de un conflicto real entre judíos y cristianos, hecho que habría derivado en la constitución de la literatura Adversus Iudaeos. En contraste, otra posición hizo hincapié en aspectos discursivos, resaltando la necesidad cristiana de autodefinición en oposición a la matriz judía y confinando el antijudaísmo a cuestiones estrictamente textuales e identitarias distantes del contexto social inmediato. La figura de Gregorio Magno, gracias a la gran variabilidad textual que presenta su obra, otorga una herramienta fundamental a la hora de comprender las dinámicas del antijudaísmo cristiano. En este artículo se exploran todos los escritos gregorianos, mediante un estudio cualitativo y cuantitativo, poniéndose de releve en qué tipo de textos aparecen los topoi Adversus

  9. Islamic Social Reporting in Islamic Banking: Stakeholders Theory Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meutia Inten

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the level of Corporate Social Responsibility disclosure on Islamic banking in Indonesia and Malaysia. Using data from annual report in seven public Islamic banks in Indonesia and seven public Islamic banks in Malaysia, this research find that the level ISR of Islamic banking in Indonesia are better than the level ISR of Islamic banking in Malaysia. There were significant differences between the two groups were observed with respect to the all theme of reporting.

  10. METODOLOGI PENEMUAN HUKUM ISLAM

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    Munawir Haris

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Continuous dialogue between Islamic law and its context of space and time necessitates the emergence of various methods of invention of Islamic law. This paper aims to map the diversity of the methods under some categorizations. The authors found that, at least, there are three models of methods of Islamic law invention, namely linguistic interpretation, causation, and adjustment. All are so strong in their trend of textual understanding of Islamic law that they potentially bring out epistemological problem, such as the law construction which is too idealistic so that it be not applicable, or vice versa. In that context, Safi offers a method of law invention called “integrated” model which is discovery-oriented blending of textual (normative-textual and contextual analysis (social-empirical, so that Islamic law does not lose its relevance in the context contemporary society today.Abstrak: Dialog berkelanjutan antara hukum Islam dengan konteks ruang dan waktunya meniscayakan munculnya aneka metode penemuan hukum Islam. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memetakan keragaman metode itu dengan melakukan kategorisasi-kategorisasi. Penulis menemukan bahwa, paling tidak, terdapat tiga model metode penemuan hukum Islam, yaitu interpretasi linguistik, kausasi, dan penyelarasan. Tiga metode itu sangat kuat kecenderungan tekstualitasnya sehingga berpotensi memunculkan problem epistemologik di kalangan umat Islam, seperti adanya konstruksi hukum yang terlalu idealis dan tidak aplikatif, atau sebaliknya. Dalam konteks itu, tawaran Safi tentang metode penemuan hukum “terpadu” sangat menarik untuk dicermati sebagai suatu model penemuan hukum yang berorientasi pada perpaduan antara analisis teks (normatif-tekstual dan konteks (sosial-empiris, sehingga hukum Islam tidak kehilangan relevansinya dalam konteks masyarakat kontemporer dewasa ini.

  11. Memahami Spektrum Islam di Jawa

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Adlin Sila

    2011-01-01

    Book Review: Timothy Daniels, Islamic Spectrum in Java, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2009. Ashgate e-book.Islam in Java has been a dominant theme within Indonesia's Islamic studies. For decades, the study on Islam in Java has indebted to the influential work of Clifford Geertz's The Religion of Java (1960). The work has become main reference for scholars and students interested in studying Islam in Java. Despite of many criticisms that have been addressed to Geertz's work, the t...

  12. The Challenge of Islamic Finance

    OpenAIRE

    Sheng, Andrew; Singh, Ajit

    2012-01-01

    From its humble beginnings in the 1990s, Islamic finance has become a trillion US dollar industry. The market consensus is that Islamic finance has a bright future due to favourable demographics and rising incomes in the Muslim community. Moreover, despite voices sceptical of an accommodation between Islamic and global finance, leading global banks are buying Islamic bonds and forming subsidiaries specially to conduct Islamic finance business. Special laws have been passed in non-Muslim fi...

  13. Konsep Ilmu dalam Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Reza Hutama al-Faruqi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Concept of science in Islam has its own universal dimension, metaphysic and empiric, and diffenrent from sciences came from Western worldview which limited in empiric dimension. It will be in the case that the concept of science in Islam is one of integral part of Islamic worldview; so that it has its own characteristics differed from another concept of science in other civilizations. Science according to Islamic worldview is not only cover substance of knowledge, but becomes important element in civilization as well. Related to the important of position of science, number of scholar such as Ibnu Khaldun, Imam al Ghazali, or Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas gave several features of science to know which one has higher priority, to be associated with how the concept of science in Islam decided later. From the discussion offered by the scholars, it will be understood that science in Islam not only encompasses theology and law, but also there is a row of other sciences such as physics, biology, and so forth need to be studied. The acquisition method of each branch of sciences have their own approach, both of internal and external sense, khabar s}a>diq, and the third is intellect. A Muslim should solidly hold the Islamic tradition and not too impressed with the tradition of Western scholarly even it looks more attractive.

  14. Spiritualitas Islam dalam Kewirausahaan

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    Hanifiyah Yuliatul Hijriah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Islamic spirituality refers to a paradigm of unity in realizing a harmonious balance between aspects of the world and the hereafter. This is an important aspect in fostering the forces that accompanied the faith toward Allah SWT, the power over all aspects of life, including for entrepreneurial activity. Islamic spirituality was born from every human which is capable of being utilized a strength in the form of spiritual intelligence. This element exists in every human being as grace of Allah SWT, which is useful for the activity of life. Results found that there were seven spiritual intelligence elements according to the Islamic perspective, there are: the faith, taqwâ, morality, s}iddîq, amânah, tablîgh, fat}ânah, discipline, visionary, and empathy. This qualitative study examines aspects of the spirituality of Islam containing potential elements in the form of spiritual intelligence that was potential for Islamic entrepreneurship in achieving sustainability of the business. The ability of businessmen to manage businesses, through attitude and decision making can be dependent upon the elements of the intelligence of Islamic spirituality. Islamic spiritual intelligence is able to be implemented in the business activities in order to achieve the sustainability of business, namely at the stage of production management, marketing, capital and human resources, where the result can be synergized to form a continuity of effort appropriate to The Islamic perspective. The orientation of the sustainability of the effort according to Islam was not only profit achievement, but also to achieve spiritual benefit that is also Allah SWT’s blessings.

  15. Regulation of Islamic art in confessional policy of Catherine II (on materials of the Tyumen region

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    Yulia A. Bortnikova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Prevention of the religious conflicts and Islamic extremism, education of confessional tolerance, – these and other questions became the most actual political and scientific problem now. Art reflects outlook of people and is an ideological lever on society. In article the policy on use of Islamic art for education of confessional tolerance is analyzed. This policy began by Catherine II in 1773, had the content of reform and extended on religious art and architecture of all gentiles in the Russian Empire. Article is written on the basis of materials of the Central historical archive of the Republic of Bashkortostan and exhibits of the museums. The Tyumen region (the South of the modern Tyumen region was an optimum basis for carrying out this policy because of the mixed option of Islam which arose there. Muslim art included a complex of the subjects intended for execution of a religious cult. It reflected elements of Shamanism and Tengriism, and after carrying out reform – Judaism and Christianity. Thus, at it there were forms and images of all religions of the Tyumen region. Syncretism of Islamic art was shown in a typology of cult objects, their ornament and mission. The most unusual phenomenon was existence of a religious sculpture which was forbidden in Islam and Orthodoxy, but existed in both religions, and also in Catholicism, Tengriism and Shamanism. In article ways of impact on Muslim art which were used by the Orenburg Mohammedan spiritual meeting are considered. It didn't interfere in preservation of religious syncretism, and also executed orders of the government on Christianization of Islamic art. Authors come to a conclusion that reform carried lines of policy of multiculturalism for gentiles.

  16. Proper Islamic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    ”. It is a must-read for researchers and students alike, especially those who want to pursue their study on the middle class, Islam and consumption.' Reviewed by Prof. Abdul Rahman Embong, Asian Anthropology    'This volume does make an important contribution to our understanding of the responses of socially...... spite of a long line of social theory analyzing the spiritual in the economic, and vice versa, very little of the recent increase in scholarship on Islam addresses its relationship with capitalism. Johan Fischer’s book,Proper Islamic Consumption, begins to fill this gap. […] Fischer’s detailed...

  17. Peradaban Islam Melayu

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    Jajat Burhanudin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available "Civilization", the term employed as the main title of the book under review, is of spesific significance to us here. The term has appeared only in recent scholarly works on Southeast Asian Islam, especially those written by oreintalists.This paper is a review of the book Mohd. Taib Osman, (ed., Islamic Civilization in the Malay World (Kuala Lumpur and Istanbul: Language and Library Board and the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture, 1997.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v5i1.763

  18. DIMENSI EPISTEMOLOGI PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Yasin Yusuf

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Epistemology is the study of philosophy what investigates about the source, requirements, and the process of knowledge. In western epistemology studies, its known schools of thought, such as empiricism, rationalism and intuitisme. In Islamic thought studies is also several major streams in relation to the theory of knowledge (epistemology. There are at least three models of thought systems in Islam, its named Bayani, Burhani and Irfani. The third epistemology should be dialogue and go hand in hand. So with this assumption, try to be revealed various problems in Islamic education, particularly related to Islamic education epistemology, and then look for a new alternative epistemological reconstruction of thought which is certainly more realistic, innovative, transformative, accommodative, ekuilibratif and dynamic.

  19. Islamic Cultural Exchanges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The China-Indonesia Islamic Culture Expo and Art Show 2010 was held in Indonesia on July 23-25.With the theme of Peace,Friendship, Cooperation and Progress,the event also commemorated the 60th anniversary

  20. Islamic Myths and Memories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and globalization and to the study of the place of the mass media in the contemporary Islamic resurgence. It explores the annulment of spatial and temporal distance by globalization and by the communications revolution underlying it, and how this has affected the cherished myths and memories of the Muslim community......Islamic myths and collective memory are very much alive in today’s localized struggles for identity, and are deployed in the ongoing construction of worldwide cultural networks. This book brings the theoretical perspectives of myth-making and collective memory to the study of Islam....... It shows how contemporary Islamic thinkers and movements respond to the challenges of globalization by preserving, reviving, reshaping, or transforming myths and memories....

  1. GENEALOGI LIBERALISASI PEMIKIRAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fahmy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Liberalization of islamic thought is often related to or claimed as renewal of islamic thought (tajdid, yet the term ‘liberal’ itself has no root in islamic intellectual tradition, let alone the concepts offered by this movement. The genealogy of thought that underlines this movement is traceable from the trend of postmodernism and the remnant of modernism in the West. In fact, the shift from modernism to postmodernism in the West brought about the approaches of social and human sciences studies, including religious studies. Such doctrines that came along with the trend of thought in Western postmodernism as relativism, nihilism, pluralism, equality, feminism, democratization in all respect are doctrines that played pivotal role in liberalization of religious thought in the West. Now, those doctrines are playing in the mind of the exponent of liberalization of Islamic thought with almost the same rationale with the program of secularization.

  2. Lactation in Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hefnawi, F I

    1982-01-01

    Preservation and promotion of breastfeeding in Islamic countries could be increased by stressing the religious importance of this practice as prescribed in Islamic religious teachings. The child's right to be breastfed is affirmed by the Quaran, the source of Islamic law and morality. Quranic verse 2:233 recommends a 2 year period of lactation. According to Islam a nursing mother is entitled to receive compensation from the father for nursing the child. The father, though, has the option to engage a paid or unpaid wet-nurse for the child, in which case the mother looses her right to be paid for nursing even is she volunteered to breastfeed. The mother's right to nurse a child without compensation is prior to a father's right to engage a wet-nurse. In another Islamic source the moral importance of breastfeeding is stressed. The mother receives the reward of a good deed for every single drop she gives her child. Islamic precepts on lactation influenced Arabian medicine. Avicenna's view that children should be breastfed for 2 years was approvingly quoted by European physicians in the 17th century. Major Arabian medical texts contain chapters on lactation, on tests for quality of breast milk, and on diets and drugs for improving lactation. Research at Al-Azhar University is directed toward finding a contraceptive that will not inhabit lactation and will not affect the quality of breast milk.

  3. Kembalinya Konservatisme Islam Indonesia

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    Din Wahid

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Martin van Bruinessen, ed, Contemporary Development in Indonesian Islam, Explaining the “Conservative Turn”, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2013, pp. 240 + xxxiv.Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam: Explaining the ‘Conservative Turn’ consists of four articles analyzing conservative currents among Muslims in Indonesia. The  book’s first two articles deal with established Muslim organizations, namely the Council of Indonesian ‘Ulama (MUI and Muhammadiyah, while the other two discuss radical Islamic movements in the regions of South Celebes and Solo, Central Java. Written by van Bruinessen, the book examines why the conservative trend has reemerged in Indonesian Islam. The author provides readers with two theories. Firstly, he argues that a decline in the influence of liberal thought has accompanied the democratization process. Secondly, he identifies an increase of Middle Eastern influence to Indonesia through alumni. This work shows that conservatism is not only apparent in radical Islamic movements that have emerged during the Reformation era but also present in well-established organizations such as MUI and Muhammadiyah. The significance of this work to the study of Indonesian Islam lies in its explanation of how conservatism enters those organizations.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v21i2.1043

  4. Feminism and Islamic Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winifred Woodhull

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available "Feminism and Islamic Tradition" explores the territory mapped by Fatima Mernissi in Sultanes oublées (1990 and Le Harem politique: Le Prophète et les femmes (1987 in relation to that charted by Assia Djebar in her latest novel Loin de Médine (1991. The aim is to see why Maghrebian feminists as different as Mernissi and Djebar—a liberal democratic sociologist and a postmodern writer—have begun to move into Arab-Islamic cultural-political spaces which, until recently, have been occupied mainly by various Islamic fundamentalist factions and other right-wing groups such as conservative nationalists in the Maghreb. The essay delineates the change between these writers' recent work and their earlier writing. It then considers their revaluations of Islamic tradition in light of the work of feminists and other progressives in Muslim countries who are resisting the growing power of Islamic fundamentalisms in various geopolitical contexts while at the same time contesting western orientalist views of Islam and Muslim culture.

  5. PROSES EVOLUSI MASYARAKAT ISLAM

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    Isti’anah Abubakar

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The success of Muhammad in building an Islamic society could be felt until today. The alteration of Islamic society has been an evolution which could be used as an inspiration to had a better society in the future. The society before Islam Identically recognized as a community people who ignored the norm of humanity, selfish, rude, barbarous, and ashâbiyah qaumiyyah. This alteration to be a humanity society was the perfect evolution. Therefore, this study will explore the basic of philosophical evolution and its process which can be implemented in building a civil  society.The success of Muhammad in building an Islamic society could be felt until today. The alteration of Islamic society has been an evolution which could be used as an inspiration to had a better society in the future. The society before Islam Identically recognized as a community people who ignored the norm of humanity, selfish, rude, barbarous, and ashâbiyah qaumiyyah. This alteration to be a humanity society was the perfect evolution. Therefore, this study will explore the basic of philosophical evolution and its process which can be implemented in building a civil society.

  6. Epistemology -An Islamic Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M azram

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since man is the vicegerent of God in this world. And in order to enable him to fulfill his responsibilities (of his vicegerency, God has endowed man with the potentials of creative & conceptual knowledge. It becomes incumbent upon him to mould knowledge in the framework provided by Islam. Thus all types of knowledge whether it is Natural Science, Social Science or even Pure Science, should be understood with the aim to establish an Islamic System.  In this paper we will discuss the background of epistemology, different areas of epistemology-like source, types (revealed and derived, elements in Islam,  principles (Unity of Allah, unity of creation,and unity of thoughts and limitations.ABSTRAK: Manusia merupakan khalifah Allah di muka bumi ini.  Agar manusia dapat menjalankan tugasnnya (sebagai khalifah, Allah telah memperkenankan manusia dengan kebolehan berkreatif dan berfikir.  Manusia diwajibkan keatasnya untuk mempergunakan ilmu seperti yang dirangkakan dalam agama Islam.  Dengan itu, segala jenis ilmu sama ada Sains Semula Jadi, Sains Sosial atau pun Sains Tulen, perlu difahami dengan tujuan membentuk Sistem Islam.  Kertas ini mengkaji latar belakang epistemologi, pelbagai sumber ilmu yang  berbeza, jenis (yang didedahkan dan diterbitkan, elemen dalam Islam, prinsip (Keesaan Allah, keesaan kewujudan dan keharmonian pemikiran dan batasannya.

  7. Islam and harm reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamarulzaman, A; Saifuddeen, S M

    2010-03-01

    Although drugs are haram and therefore prohibited in Islam, illicit drug use is widespread in many Islamic countries throughout the world. In the last several years increased prevalence of this problem has been observed in many of these countries which has in turn led to increasing injecting drug use driven HIV/AIDS epidemic across the Islamic world. Whilst some countries have recently responded to the threat through the implementation of harm reduction programmes, many others have been slow to respond. In Islam, The Quran and the Prophetic traditions or the Sunnah are the central sources of references for the laws and principles that guide the Muslims' way of life and by which policies and guidelines for responses including that of contemporary social and health problems can be derived. The preservation and protection of the dignity of man, and steering mankind away from harm and destruction are central to the teachings of Islam. When viewed through the Islamic principles of the preservation and protection of the faith, life, intellect, progeny and wealth, harm reduction programmes are permissible and in fact provide a practical solution to a problem that could result in far greater damage to the society at large if left unaddressed.

  8. Higher Objectives of Islamic Investment Products: Islamizing Indonesian Capital Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Soemitra

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian capital market regulators have already accommodated Islamic products as one of Indonesian capital market products. Theoretically, Islamic investment promises three main benefits i.e. spiritual, financial, and social benefits. Realizing Islamic investment in the sense of those three main benefits needs serious effort. This paper discusses the perception of capital market investors. This study suggests that their opinion as to whether or not sharī‘ah capital market products had fulfilled their expectations of Islamic comprehensive objectives. Islamic capital market instruments are part of Islamic instruments. The Islamization of financial institutions and instruments in the modern era has emerged not only to meet Muslims’ need for financial activities but also as the medium to realize the higher objectives of Islam, i.e. maqāṣid al-sharī‘ah in economic and financial activities.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i2.2408

  9. The demography of Islamic nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weeks, J R

    1988-12-01

    This report examines the demographic dynamics of the Moslem world, focusing primarily on the causes and consequences of the rapid rate of population growth in those nations in which a significant fraction of the population follows the Islamic faith. The material is presented in short sections with tables and figures. The beginning offers a description of Islam and discusses social relationships including male-female relations, marriage and divorce. Islamic nations are defined and their demographic distinctiveness is discussed. The 40 nations included are those in which the majority of the populations adhere to Islam and another 7 nations in which a significant minority of the population is Moslem. Various information regarding fertility in Islamic nations, such as levels and trends, explanations of fertility levels, and the status of women is then reviewed. Mortality and migration in Islamic nations are also reviewed. Subsumed under the latter topic is a discussion of international migration, urbanization and refugees in Islamic nations. The age and sex composition of Islamic societies is described. The population growth and economic development is presented along with population policies in Islamic nations. There is considerable diversity among Islamic nations; few demographic patterns in Islamic nations appear to be a direct result of religious influence. The high fertility found in many Islamic nations is thought to be a consequence of the recency of social and economic development in nearly all Islamic nations.

  10. Islam der Frauen? A Female Islam?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Würth

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Das Thema Islam hat Konjunktur, und auch die Beschäftigung mit dem Thema „muslimische Frauen“ nimmt zu. In den Beiträgen des von Mechthild Rumpf, Ute Gerhard und Mechthild M. Jansen herausgegebenen Sammelbandes werden die widersprüchlichen Folgen von globalen Islamisierungstendenzen für Musliminnen untersucht. Dabei werden sowohl die bestimmenden Faktoren des eigenen Blicks auf „die anderen“ heraus gearbeitet als auch die Komplexität der Geschlechterordnungen in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften und Gemeinschaften. Vor allem geht es den Autorinnen des Bandes darum, die vielfältigen Bedeutungen und Bedeutungszuweisungen des Faktors „Islam“ für das Leben und das Selbstverständnis von Frauen herauszustellen.The topic of Islam is topical and the interest in the issue of „Muslim women“ is also on the rise. The contradictory consequences of a global tendency towards Islamification for female Muslims are examined in the contributions from the anthology edited by Mechthild Rumpf, Ute Gerhard, and Mechthild M. Jansen. The determining factors of the individual gaze directed at „the others“ as well as the complexity of gender hierarchy in societies and communities shaped by Islam are elaborated. Above all, the authors of the volume are concerned with determining the diverse meanings and attributed meanings of the „Islam“ factor for women’s lives and self-understanding.

  11. DEMOCRACY AND EDUCATION ISLAM

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    Ulfa Masamah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Education is one of the media that is Able to help develop the potential of all human beings. Over time the implementation of many educational experience problems when the role of education has a significant influence on improving the quality of human life. Islamic education as an agent of social change should be Able to hit the problem that move dynamically and proactively to the advancement and improvement of Muslims. Das sollen, the purpose of education in Islam as the process of formation of human beings to conform with the nature of existence. Therefore, we need an alternative thinking in an effort to minimize the various educational failure. Democratization of education Considered as a solution capable of Islamic education in creating a humanist. Education that does not justify the existence of intimidation, repression and restrictions on the creativity of teachers and students can be Realized with the Efforts to create a democracy marked by education teaching-learning process that is open and full of healthy and responsible dialogue between teacher and pupil. Humanist atmosphere in education will deliver the achievement of educational goals of Islam. Islamic education is basically the Democratization of space, the which is where the education is directed at a dialogical space. Moreover, the ultimate goal of Islamic education directs its final destination on the behavior and attitude changes, the quality and variety of aspects that promote humanism space. Islamic education should be oriented to instill democratic values in the learning process, such as openness, mutual respect, sympathy, empathy, solidarity, and their understanding of pluralism in a pluralistic life.

  12. KAMPUNG SENI ISLAM DI MAKASSAR DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARSITEKTUR ISLAM GEOMETRI

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    Yaumil Maghfirah Asaf

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak— Makassar sebagai pusat pertumbuhan dan perkembangan di wilayah Timur Indonesia dengan penduduk yang mayoritas agama Islam, membutuhkan wadah yang dapat dijadikan tempat penyaluran bakat seninya khususnya seni Islam, yang bertujuan untuk membangkitkan girah (semangat umat Islam untuk mengembangkan seni yang bernafaskan Islam, melestarikannya, memperkenalkan, dan mendidik masyarakat dengan seni. Kampung Seni Islam di Makassar yang dapat mewadahi kebutuhan seniman untuk menyalurkan dan mengembangkan kreativitasnya. Kemampuan seperti itulah yang diharapkan dapat menghasilkan sumber daya manusia yang berkualitas dan memiliki intergritas dalam karya yang dihasilkan. Sehingga dapat diakui oleh lokal maupun internasional. Pendekatan yang digunakan pada bangunan Kampung Seni Islam adalah Arsitektur Islam Geometri. Geometri adalah salah satu cabang Matematika yang mempelajari tentang titik, garis, bidang dan benda-benda ruang beserta sifat-sifatnya, ukuran-ukurannya, dan hubungannya antara yang satu dengan yang lain. Arsiterktur Islam lebih menggunakan pola-pola berbentuk garis, lingkaran dan pola geometri lainnya yang tersusun membentuk satu-kesatuan yang mengandung makna spiritualis dan memiliki nilai estetika atau keindahan tingkat tinggi. kesenian Islam tampak adanya hubungan geometri yang kompleks, antara bentuk, ornamen, dan fasad. Kata Kunci : Kampung Seni Islam, Arsitektur Islam Geometri Abstract—Makassar as a center of growth and development in Eastern Indonesia with the majority religion of Islam, need a container that can be used as a distribution of artistic talent, especially Islamic art, which aims to raise Girah (spirit Muslims to develop art that Islam breath, preserve, introduced and educate the public with art. Islamic Art in Kampung Makassar that can accommodate the needs of artists to distribute and develop their creativity. Ability like that are expected to produce qualified human resources and have the integrity in the

  13. Islamic Guidance for Drug Addiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Supriyanto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Guidance is social rehabilitation program for Drug Addiction (resident. The goal of this research to know the Islamic guidance for resident at the Center for Rehabilitation of the National Narcotics Agency Lido Bogor. The methodology in this research is qualitative descriptive, with a sample two religious counselor. Can be concluded that Islamic guidance is implemented with the classical format, group format, and individual formats. The goal of the Islamic Guidance to develop religious mentally.

  14. Islamic Guidance for Drug Addiction

    OpenAIRE

    Agus Supriyanto

    2016-01-01

    Islamic Guidance is social rehabilitation program for Drug Addiction (resident). The goal of this research to know the Islamic guidance for resident at the Center for Rehabilitation of the National Narcotics Agency Lido Bogor. The methodology in this research is qualitative descriptive, with a sample two religious counselor. Can be concluded that Islamic guidance is implemented with the classical format, group format, and individual formats. The goal of the Islamic Guidance to develop religio...

  15. STUDI ISLAM PENDEKATAN HERMENEUTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elok Noor Farida

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ISLAMIC STUDIES USING HERMENEUTICS APPRO- ACH. Al-Qur’an as the Islam’s holy book is a miracle that has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad as a guide for muslim’s life. As a Muslim, we necessarily have to understand exactly what the message of  the Quran. Al-Qur’an is not only readable even it is a worship, but more than that, how to implement the contents of  the Qur’an in everyday life. In understanding asbab al-nuzul certainly should understand that there are verses in the Qur’an. In addition, it should also understand various methods to understand the Qur’an, one of them is the hermeneutic approach. Hermeneutics as a method of reading the text has been widely recognized in various fields of  traditional Islamic scholarship, especially in the tradition of  fiqh and tafsir al-Qur’an. Meanwhile, modern hermeneutics in Islamic thought can basically be called a great leap in the formulation of  the methodology of  Islamic thought in general and methods of  interpretation of  the Kor’an in particular.Therefore, the approach of  hermeneutics in Islamic studies also need to be studied to add to the treasures of  knowledge and can provide new insights on how to understand the text and interpretation of the text that will be studied. keywords: Islamic Studies, Hermeneutics. Kitab Suci Al-Qur’an sebagai kitab suci agama Islam merupakan mukjizat yang telah diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad saw. sebagai pedoman umat Islam sepanjang hayat. Sebagai Muslim yang mempedomani tentu harus memahami betul apa pesan-pesan dalam Al-Qur’an.  Al-Qur’an  tidak  hanya  dibaca  meskipun  bernilai ibadah, akan tetapi lebih dari itu, bagaimana mengimplementasikan isi kandungan Al-Qur’an dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam memahami tentu harus memahami asbabun nuzul ayat-ayat yang terdapat dalam Al-Qur’an. Di samping itu, juga harus memahami berbagai macam metode dalam memahami Al-Qur’an, di antaranya dengan pendekatan

  16. REFLEKSI TAUHID DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muh Mau'inudinillah

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes a reflection of monotheism in Islamic education. This paper explains that the task of Islamic education is explaining value of taqwa (god- fearing continuously to the students theoretically and qudwah (model. Therefore, the students pay attention the Islamic education by their intellectual and feelings and conclude that the values of faith are beneficial, eternal, and glorious.

  17. Islam Does Not Inhibit Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanavas, T. O.

    1999-01-01

    Compares the science/religion relationship in both Christian and Islamic countries. Presents Muslim scholars' ideas about the presence of humans on earth. Presents ideas on active nature, Noah's curse, and the age of the universe. Refutes the notion that Islam inhibited science and advocates the belief that Islam promoted science. (YDS)

  18. Islamic bioethics: a general scheme

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shomali, Mohamamd Ali

    2008-01-01

    .... The second part sheds some light on the nature of the Islamic bioethics. Discussing the sources and authorities in the Islamic bioethics, in this part we will study the way of life protection which is regulated by the Islamic law and bioethic...

  19. Confessional Peculiarity of Chinese Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukan, Nurzat M.; Bulekbayev, Sagadi B.; Kurmanaliyeva, Ainura D.; Abzhalov, Sultanmurat U.; Meirbayev, Bekzhan B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers features of Islam among Muslim peoples in China. Along with the traditional religions of China--Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism--Islam influenced noticeable impact on the formation of Chinese civilization. The followers of Islam have a significant impact on ethno-religious, political, economic and cultural relations of the…

  20. A Scholar's Guide to Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, James S.

    1990-01-01

    Traces briefly the history of Islam. Discusses the compilation of the Encyclopedia of Islam, Volumes I and II, a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). Delineates the differences between Volume I and II, illustrating the importance of the encyclopedia for Islamic scholars. Includes a short summary of other NEH-supported…

  1. Islam and Media Representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Bensalah

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available For the author of this article, the media’s treatment of Islam has raised numerous polymorphous questions and debates. Reactivated by the great scares of current events, the issue, though an ancient one, calls many things into question. By way of introduction, the author tries to analyse the complex processes of elaboration and perception of the representations that have prevailed during the past century. In referring to the semantic decoding of the abundant colonial literature and iconography, the author strives to translate the extreme xenophobic tensions and the identity crystallisations associated with the current media orchestration of Islam, both in theWest and the East. He then evokes the excesses of the media that are found at the origin of many amalgams wisely maintained between Islam, Islamism and Islamic terrorism, underscoring their duplicity and their willingness to put themselves, consciously, in service to deceivers and directors of awareness, who are very active at the heart of the politico-media sphere. After levelling a severe accusation against the harmful drifts of the media, especially in times of crisis and war, the author concludes by asserting that these tools of communication, once they are freed of their masks and invective apparatuses, can be re-appropriated by new words and bya true communication between peoples and cultures.

  2. Islam and Political Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John L Esposito

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The global threat of Al Qaeda post 9/11 and ISIL, increased Sunni-Shia conflicts, and violence in the Middle East and Pakistan dominate headlines and challenge governments in the region and globally. Both Muslim extremists and some Western experts and observers speak of a clash of civilizations or a culture war in Muslim-West relations. Both the discourse and violence yet again raise questions about the relationship of Islam to violence and terrorism: is Islam a particularly violent religion? Critics cite Quranic passages, doctrines like jihad and events in Muslim history as strong indicators and proof that Islam is the primary driver of Muslim extremism and terrorism. What do the Quran and Islamic law have to say about violence, jihad and warfare? What are the primary drivers of terrorism in the name of Islam today? This article will address these questions in the context of development of global jihadist movements, in particular Al Qaeda and ISIL, their roots, causes, ideology and agenda.

  3. Islamic approach in counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

    2014-02-01

    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.

  4. Sexuality and Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dialmy, Abdessamad

    2010-06-01

    This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts.

  5. INVESTASI DALAM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakinah Sakinah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Investasi dalam Islam merupakan kegiatan yang sangat dianjurkan. Hal ini secara eksplisit tertuang dalam berbagai ayat seperti QS. Al-Hasyr:18, QS. Lukman : 34, QS. Al-Baqarah : 261, Qs. Al-Nisa' 9, dan lain-lain. Tidak semua jenis investasi diperbolahkan dalam Islam. Hanya investasi yang sesuai dalam ajaran Islam yang boleh diikuti oleh investor muslim. Prinsip-prinsip tersebut meliputi jenis usaha dan transaksi yang harus mengikuti norma-norma syariah Islam. Artinya, pada jenis usaha, produk atau jasa yang diberikan serta cara pengelolaan perusahaan emiten bukan usaha yang dilarang oleh syari'at seperti usaha perjudian, perdagangan yang dilarang : bukan ke uangan ribawi atau perbankan dan asuransi konvensional :  bukan produsen distributor serta pedagang makanan dan minuman yang diharamkan ; bukan usaha/perusahaan baik produsen maupun distributor yang menyediakan barang atau jasa yang bisa merusak moral dan bersifat mudarat. Begitu pula dengan jenis transaksinya harus dilakukan dengan prinsip sangat hati-hati, tidak boleh melakukan spekulasi yang didalamnya ada unsur-unsur gharar, gharar, maysir, dzulm, tadlis, dan sebagainya. Maraknya kasus-kasus investasi bodong dengan kedok investasi menyadarkan kita, apa sebenarnya  investasi dalam Islam. Tulisan ini mencoba mengeksplornya.

  6. Proper Islamic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    '[T]his book is an excellent study that is lucidly written, strongly informed by theory, rich in ethnography, and empirically grounded. It has blazed a new trail in employing the tools of both religious studies and cultural studies to dissect the complex subject of “proper Islamic consumption...... because it is the Malay‐dominated state which has been crucial in generating and shaping a particular kind of modernity in order to address the problems posed for nation‐building by a quite radical form of ethnic pluralism.' Reviewed by V.T. (Terry) King, University of Leeds, ASEASUK News 46, 2009   'In...... spite of a long line of social theory analyzing the spiritual in the economic, and vice versa, very little of the recent increase in scholarship on Islam addresses its relationship with capitalism. Johan Fischer’s book,Proper Islamic Consumption, begins to fill this gap. […] Fischer’s detailed...

  7. Islam and the West

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Kamal Hassan

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The scientific and technological developments during the 18th and' the 19th centuries ensured material progress of the West, as well as emergence of the West as the dominating power which colonized the rest of the world. During the post-colonial phase, Islam emerged as a revitalized sociopolitical force. This has been mistaken as a threat by the West, and Islam has been portrayed as the "new enemy after the demise of communism. This is partly an effort to establish a Western identity, which is disintegrating due to lack of a challenge; and partly a reflection of the failure of Muslims to realize the social and ethical ideals of Islam.

  8. Early Islamic Syria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walmsley, Alan

    After more than a century of neglect, a profound revolution is occurring in the way archaeology addresses and interprets developments in the social history of early Islamic Syria-Palestine. This concise book offers an innovative assessment of social and economic developments in Syria...... for considerable cultural and economic continuity rather than devastation and unrelenting decline. Much new, and increasingly non-elite, architectural evidence and an ever-growing corpus of material culture indicate that Syria-Palestine entered a new age of social richness in the early Islamic period, even...

  9. Islam og Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønd, Thomas Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    This article deals with the ways in which Islam is put to use by the Syrian regime and its opposition in the Syrian Uprising. By applying anthropological theory about politics of immediation and political theory about ideologies to a specific case – namely bombings in Kafer Suseh in Damascus...... as the one in the case are mediated. On a fundamental level, the case and its analysis indicates how politics of immediation and ideology intertwine in battles over Islam and its future role in Syria....

  10. Islamic Mathematical Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montelle, Clemency

    A short survey on Islamic mathematical astronomy practiced during the period running from the eight century until the fifteenth is presented. Various pertinent themes, such as the translation of foreign scientific works and their impact on the tradition; the introduction, assimilation, and critique of the Ptolemaic model; and the role of observations, will be covered. In addition, the zīj, the dominant format for astronomical works, will be briefly explained as well as the legacy of the Islamic tradition of astral sciences to other cultures.

  11. Memahami Spektrum Islam di Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Adlin Sila

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Book Review: Timothy Daniels, Islamic Spectrum in Java, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2009. Ashgate e-book.Islam in Java has been a dominant theme within Indonesia's Islamic studies. For decades, the study on Islam in Java has indebted to the influential work of Clifford Geertz's The Religion of Java (1960. The work has become main reference for scholars and students interested in studying Islam in Java. Despite of many criticisms that have been addressed to Geertz's work, the typologies of socio-religious of Javanese Muslim-santri-priyayi-abangan-that was introduced by Geertz has stimulated other recent works on Javanese Islam. One of Geertz's celebrated argument is that Javanese Islam is syncretic. Mark Woodward (1989, another American anthropologist, concluding conversely, arguing that Javanese Islam is not syncretic but, it is a sufi Islam. In line with Woodward, Andrew Beatty (1999 added that those Javanese who involve in the traditional slametan ceremony participated in the ceremony because of the presence of brotherhood, not because of the similarity of their religious affiliation. The recent work of Timothy Daniels', the Islamic Spectrum in Java (2009 examines the variant of Javanese Islam much further.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v18i3.430

  12. DISKURSUS ISLAM DALAM KONSTRUKSI MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fahmi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine how the secular media in Surakarta represent Islam in the case of Charlie Hebdo. Therefore, this study used discourse analysis of Theo van Leeuwen focusing on how the subject or actor of the show in the media. This study concluded that the media represent Islam not only with “Western ideology” through idioms such as radical Islamist militants and terrorists, but also with "Islamic ideology". It is done through the construction of Islam as a religion of moderation and delegitimize Charlie Hebdo as magazine satyr abusing freedom. Various strategies are used ranging from strategy passivation to interdetermination. In this case, there are two poles of attraction in both media, namely the Western and Islamic ideology. If both media are quoting from Western sources, the Western ideology dominates the media narrative. Conversely, when both media used Islamic sources, the influence of Islamic ideology dominates the narrative of both media.

  13. Homoseksual dalam Pandangan Hukum Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Salim Nst

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Persepsi Islam terhadap fitrah manusia senantiasa menghubungkannya dengan naluri seks. Islam memandang bahwa ia merupakan suatu kekuatan alami yang terdapat dalam diri manusia. Naluri seks memerlukan penyaluran biologis dalam bentuk perkawinan. Islam tidak menganggap bahwa naluri seks merupakan sesuatu yang jahat, dan tabu bagi manusia. Tetapi Islam mengaturnya sesuai dengan fitrahnya. Oleh karena itu Islam sangat menentang penyimpangan seks, semacam homoseks, yang dapat merusak eksistensi fitrahnya. Homoseks merupakan suatu perbuatan keji yang dapat merusak akal fitrah dan akhlak manusia. Islam bersikap tegas terhadap perbuatan terlarang ini. Ketegasan Islam dapat dilihat dari nas serta hadits yang menjadi dasar hukum bagi para ulam fiqh dalam menetapkan hukuman homoseks. Meskipun di antara ulama fiqh terdapat perbedaan pendapat, namun mereka sepakat atas keharaman homoseks. Perbedaan pendapat hanya terjadi dalam masalah sanksi hukum yang dijatuhkan kepada pelakunya. Perbedaan ini disebabkan oleh perbedaan sumber hukum yang digunakan masingmasing ulama fiqh, di samping berbedanya cara menafsirkan ayat-ayat serta hadits yang menjadi dasar bagi penetapan hukumnya.

  14. Work ethics: An Islamic prospective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Shakil Ahmad

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Islamic principles completely cover all aspects of life including working in an organization. Current study explore the job related variables an their connection with Islamic Work Ethics. Current study explores the literature relevant to Islamic Work Ethics. Previous study results show that there is significant impact of Islamic work ethics on organizational commitment, job satisfaction and rewards while Islamic work ethics has no significant relation with intention to quit job. Different studies results shows that Islamic work ethics can help build a better morale amongst employees which in turn can result in greater employee job satisfaction. Furthermore adopting Islamic work ethics improves organizational commitment, level of motivation and thus is likely to reduce the number of staff wanting to leave the organization i.e. quitting the job.

  15. Reflection of Confucianism, Hinduism, and Buddhism on gender relations and gender specific occupation in Thai society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, M; Weber, K E

    1994-01-01

    It is posited that present-day Thai society is the product of different settlement patterns among Chinese Confucian followers and those ascribing to matrilocal practices. Chinese settled in urban areas and maintained Confucian dogma that barred women from high ranking positions and dictated a women's role of subservience to men. Matrilocal systems proliferated in rural areas. The village kinship system was egalitarian, until a class-state society was instituted and patriarchal systems dominated. At that time, women's status was reduced. Massive Chinese immigration occurred during the mid-19th century until World War II. Some Indians also migrated during this time period. The dominant use of the Thai language forced the Chinese to assimilate into Thai culture. Thai Buddhist practices were open and similar enough to Confucian ideology that religious assimilation also occurred. A small group of Chinese immigrants retained their ties to Chinese customs. The pattern of foreigners' involvement in the Thai economy was promoted by official policy. In the last several decades Thai policy shifted to an increasingly Thai-influenced economy. Other influences on gender patterns and Thai culture were the Hinduism of Indians who settled in Central Siam, the Mon aristocracy, and Brahmin cults. After the Khmers took over control of this region, the Indian caste system and the Hindu belief in Manu were integrated into Khmer culture. Women were considered the weaker and inferior sex and dependent upon men. The kings of Siam followed Brahmin rituals after the 15th century. Buddhism and the "sangha" became the central Thai religious institution. Even today Buddhist monks are given 3 months time off with pay for time spent as a monk, while maternity leave for women is limited to 45 days. The status of women is traced during the Sukothai period (1250-1350), the Ayudhaya period (1350-1767), and the Ratanakosin period (since 1782). Present occupational patterns reflect women's dominance in

  16. The Islam in Islamic art history: secularism and public discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Shaw

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the apparent affiliation between religion and art implied in the nomenclature ‘Islamic art history,’ the field has to date relied primarily on secular methodologies. This has limited the potential not only to engage actively in the real-world function of art exhibitions as cultural mediators, but also to use Islamic art to rethink understandings of both the religion and art itself. Instead, this essay argues, the field should engage with a broadened understanding of Islamic discourse as expressed through the interplay of the visual arts with mutually intertwined philosophical, poetic, and religious discourses. In so doing, the discipline of Islamic art history has the potential to enrich the public understanding not only of Islamic art as an aesthetic phenomenon, but also as an expression of aspects of Islam that are often excluded from both ‘Orientalist’ and Islamist approaches to the religion. This essay argues for a more nuanced understanding of ‘Islam’ within Islamic art studies, questioning the binary divide between culture and religion, the exclusions created through ethnocentrism and nationalism, the presentation of Islam as a historical rather than a living faith, and the use of Islam as a trope of heritage rather than as one of a panoply of conceptual frameworks for the modern and contemporary art of cultures that are informed to varying extents by Islam.

  17. Islam and Politics: the Case of the Islamic State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shokri Mehdi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses the fundamental relation between the Islamic-political movements and establishment of the Islamic law (Shari’a. I argue against the critiques of western foreign policy and show that the Islamic State (Caliphate is both a result of the historical process of the people of a region and the extreme interpretation of the text and Sunna which emphasizes on the traditional Sharia law and the concept of Jihad by fortifying political Islam qua militant Islam. I argue that the Islamic revival aims to a certain political order which threatens the world security and peace. Moreover, I argue that the structural violation of Human Rights is rooted in the traditional concept of Islamic law or Sharia, which obtains its immunity by an illegitimate power. This traditional Islamic law is the inalienable character of authoritarian/totalitarian regimes. This paper is based on the assumption that the extreme ideological/theoretical interpretation implies the empirical objectives of Militant Islamic community with or without any external influential elements. In this sense, we can address the question: how different interpretations and traditions in executing the Islamic Sharia give the social and political grounds a seed for the emergence of violence and terrorism. At the end, this paper ends with a propose which emphasizes on the role of international cooperation to find a resolution and also on the education as a long-term plan to defeat extremism and terrorism.

  18. Islamic Cultural Exchanges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU XIAOYAN

    2010-01-01

    @@ The China-Indonesia Islamic Culture Expo and Art Show 2010 was held in Indonesia on July 23-25. With the theme of Peace, Friendship, Cooperation and Progress, the event also commemorated the 60th anniversary of the establishing of diplomatic relations between China and Indonesia.

  19. [Islam and caring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadir, Sihem

    2015-10-01

    There are more and more followers of the Muslim religion in France. All caregivers need to understand the fundamental principles that their Muslim patients hold sacred in the area of health and care. For Muslims, it is of utmost importance to observe the fundamentals of Islam and the values of brotherhood, tolerance, fairness and truth are essential.

  20. Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam Soekarno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riza Fahmi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Soekarno sebagai seorang founding father Republik Indonesia memiliki kecerdasan, karismatik dan kemampuan lisan yang mampu menyihir jutaan rakyat Indonesia ketika menyampaikan orasi. Kemampuan orasinya membuat Rakyat Indonesia jatuh hati pada sosok pemuda yang lahir di Surabaya ini. Tentunya tidak mudah membuat jutaan rakyat jatuh hati terhadap sosok Soekarno jika ia sendiri tidak memiliki kecerdasan, keterampilan berorasi dan wibawa yang kuat. Ide-ide Soekarno, sejarah hidupnya sampai kehidupan pribadinya sampai saat ini masih sering diceritakan seolah-olah sosok Soekarno memancarkan aura daya tarik bagi penulis dan peneliti untuk membedah hingga menguliti latar belakang kehidupan beliau. Berapa banyak buku yang menceritakan kehidupan Soekarno, pemikirannya dan orang-orang disekeliling beliau seperti tulisan Cindy Adams (1982 berjudul Bung Karno penyambung lidah rakyat Indonesia, Soedjiato dkk (2001 Bung Karno dan wacana Islam, Badri Yatim (1999 Soekarno ; Islam dan Nasionalisme, Maslahul Falah (2003 Islam ala Soekarno, Jejak langkah pemikiran Islam Liberal Indonesia dan banyak buku-buku lainnya yang menceritakan sosok dan pemikiran Soekarno.

  1. PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DAN TRAFIKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Sulhan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study explore the prophetic value of Islamic education in tackling trafficking. This research method is a survey in Cirebon and Indramayu against trafficked women. Islamic education contribute prophetic value in addressing trafficking in terms of; first, to identify the source of the problem. If the problem is poverty and low education, it is necessary to adopt policies to encourage the provision of Islamic education. The government is obliged to protect the welfare of the people persecuted and create; secondly, make regulations in favor of workers, especially women who are vulnerable to trafficking victims. The trick, the government should seriously implement the Presidential Decree No. 88/2002 on the National Action Plan for the Elimination of Trafficking in Women and Children and urged Parliament to back-up the provision of sanctions through Law Crime of Trafficking in Persons. Third, encourage the participation of the clergy to be involved in the response to trafficking through the non-formal Islamic education such as sermons, lectures or fatwa.

  2. Islamic Myths and Memories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and globalization and to the study of the place of the mass media in the contemporary Islamic resurgence. It explores the annulment of spatial and temporal distance by globalization and by the communications revolution underlying it, and how this has affected the cherished myths and memories of the Muslim community...

  3. Towards an Islamic model of work motivation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Akram Abdul Cader

    2016-01-01

    .... Current Islamic models predominantly focus on integration with Western theories. This study proposes a synthesised model of Islamic motivation through an interpretive approach of Islamic theological texts (Qur'an and Sunnah...

  4. Islamic Banking Products: Regulations, Issues and Challenges

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nooraslinda Abdul Aris; Rohana Othman; Rafidah Mohd Azli; Mardiyyah Sahri; Dzuljastri Abdul Razak; Zaharuddin Abdul Rahman

    2013-01-01

    ...) in his study stated that the value of Islamic banking assets and assets under Islamic management is expected to reach USD1 trillion by 2010, with Islamic banks growing more rapidly than the average...

  5. Perbandingan Pendidikan Islam di Asia Tenggara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pendi susanto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education in Southeast Asia has some diverse substances. In Indonesia, Islamic education experience rapid progress. Indonesia employ Islamic education as cumpolsary subject in schools and public universities. In Malaysia, Islamic education has many improvements since 1956 e.g. Islamic education is taught in national school and also Malaysia also formed religious education department that handle every religious subject in schools. Thailand, especially in couple regions such as Pattani, Setul, Yala, and Narathiwat, Islamic education with boarding school and Madrasah become islamic identity backbone and Islamic struggle against central government. Meanwhile, different condition takes place to Islamic education in Singapore. There is still an uncleared purpose between islamic education with national education system, there is no islamic university, no standard curriculum, no central islamic education administration, and the lack of fund and economical status of religion teacher.

  6. Eclecticism of Modern Islam: Islam Hadhari in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Ali

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini memperlihatkan bahwa Islam Hadhari berfungsi tidak hanya sebagai respons religio-politik terhadap krisis internal yang dirasakan masyarakat Melayu, polarisasi budaya, dan politik global yang tidak seimbang, tetapi juga menunjukkan multi-interpretasi dari teks-teks Islam, sejarah, budaya dan konteks multikultural. Kasus Islam Hadhari menjadi contoh dari "tradisionalisme" dan "modernisme" Islam yang bukan dalam bentuk ideal, tetapi dalam ekspresi diskursif campuran. Islam Hadhari harus dipahami dalam kerangka persaingan ide-ide lokal dan global, yang muncul di negara-negara mayoritas Muslim di era negara-bangsa modern dan globalisasi. Artikel ini menunjukkan pentingnya mengamati reformasi Islam sebagai dialektika gerakan dan kontra-gerakan, wacana dan kontra-wacana, tetapi juga dalam hal waktu (masa lalu, sekarang, dan masa depan. Menggunakan teori modernisasi dalam menjelaskan hubungan antara Islam dan modernitas, artikel ini diharapkan dapat berkontribusi dalam memperoleh jawaban mengenai kondisi sosial-politik yang membuat gagasan Islam progresif atau Islam peradaban harus terjadi. Artikel ini memperlihatkan cara bagaimana multikulturalisme dan eklektisisme mengkarakterisasi proyek Muslim terhadap modernitas di tengah-tengah keterhubungan yang kuat dengan masa lalu dan kitab suci.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v18i1.439 

  7. Islamic medical ethics: a primer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padela, Aasim I

    2007-03-01

    Modern medical practice is becoming increasingly pluralistic and diverse. Hence, cultural competency and awareness are given more focus in physician training seminars and within medical school curricula. A renewed interest in describing the varied ethical constructs of specific populations has taken place within medical literature. This paper aims to provide an overview of Islamic Medical Ethics. Beginning with a definition of Islamic Medical Ethics, the reader will be introduced to the scope of Islamic Medical Ethics literature, from that aimed at developing moral character to writings grounded in Islamic law. In the latter form, there is an attempt to derive an Islamic perspective on bioethical issues such as abortion, gender relations within the patient-doctor relationship, end-of-life care and euthanasia. It is hoped that the insights gained will aid both clinicians and ethicists to better understand the Islamic paradigm of medical ethics and thereby positively affect patient care.

  8. Islam as a Polyvalent Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raid Al-Daghistani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Classical Islamic culture was characterised by phenomena of equivocation, tolerance of ambiguity, plurality of discourses, and acceptance of different interpretations. Contrary to this stance, various modern Islamic attitudes formed during the 19th century and entrenched during the 20th century are set. The emergence of politico-ideological Islam, which appeared foremost as a reaction to the geopolitical colonization and economic–military domination by the West, induced hatred of the rich Islamic tradition, which was exactly expressed by the suspension of a demand for an absolute single interpretation of spiritual tradition or Truth.

  9. [Forensic psychiatry and Islamic law].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geferakos, G; Lykouras, L; Douzenis, A

    2014-01-01

    Islam is the second most popular monotheistic religion in the world. Its followers, the Muslims, are about 1.2 billion people and are the majority in 56 countries around the globe. Islam is an holistic way and model of life and its rules, according to a large proportion of Muslims, should have more power than the laws deriving from any secular authority. This means that the divine laws, as depicted from Islam's holy scripts, should be the laws of the land. In the strict Islamic states, as Saudi Arabia, the Islamic law or the Shari'ah prevails. Shari'ah means the path, the road each faithful Muslim should follow according to the rules of God. The Islamic views on mental health have some interesting characteristics: on the one hand, the moral necessity for the protection and care of the vulnerable individuals is very strong, but on the other hand superstitions and stigmatization influence the peoples' attitude against mental health patients. At the beginning of its historical course, Islamic world was a pioneer concerning mental health care. Unfortunately, as time passed by, we have observed considerable regression. In our days mental health services provided in most of the Islamic states cannot be considered adequate according to modern Western standards. The same course characterizes the Forensic Psychiatric services and the relevant legislation in the Islamic world.

  10. DAKWAH ISLAM DAN RADIKALISME AGAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Isfironi M. Bisri Djalil

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A thing closely related to bustle the life of the religious contemporary is radicalism phenomenon. The question is: Does Islam teach radicalism? The answer of this question always problematic. It is caused by every religion (either Islam or the other viewed as an acceptance that granted as a divinity instrument that teaches everything in goodness. Islam is a religion that provide of security, comfort, calmness as more strengthening for all its adherents. In Indonesia, radical Islamic groups often associated with groups like company of Salafy (Bandung, Islamic Youth Front (FPIS, Islamic Defender Front (FPI, Jihad’s Troop of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, The Tribunal of Indonesian Mujahidin, Hizbut Tahrir of Indonesia. The movement of Islam in Indonesia cannot be viewed as a monolithic movement or uniform in the same of political interest. That moment, political global movement has variation in the perspective, motive, strategy and action. One thing that same as the source of radicalism is the definition of the concept of jihad. Eventually, the construction of jihad affects the Islamic propaganda (dakwah ideology and movement. Ideally the realization of the concept of Jihad is not led to radicalism. If indeed reflect to the era of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh, then it must be conceived with the conditions encountered at that time.   Key Words: Islamic Propaganda, Jihad, Radicalism

  11. Islamic bioethics: a general scheme

    OpenAIRE

    Shomali, Mohamamd Ali

    2008-01-01

    No doubt life in its all forms enjoys a very high status in Islam. Human life is one of the most sacred creatures of God. Therefore, it must be appreciated, respected and protected. In this regard, the paper refers to different parts. The first part studies the value of life in Islam. It helps to understand why life must be appreciated and respected. The second part sheds some light on the nature of the Islamic bioethics. Discussing the sources and authorities in the Islamic bioethics, in thi...

  12. Islam, Standards, and Technoscience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    Halal (literally, "permissible" or "lawful") production, trade, and standards have become essential to state-regulated Islam and to companies in contemporary Malaysia and Singapore, giving these two countries a special position in the rapidly expanding global market for halal products......, this book provides an exploration of the role of halal production, trade, and standards. Fischer explains how the global markets for halal comprise divergent zones in which Islam, markets, regulatory institutions, and technoscience interact and diverge. Focusing on the "bigger institutional picture......" that frames everyday halal consumption, Fischer provides a multisited ethnography of the overlapping technologies and techniques of production, trade, and standards that together warrant a product as "halal," and thereby help to format the market. Exploring global halal in networks, training, laboratories...

  13. Islam: Ideology and Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Westerners and others may find it, terrorism is in simplistic terms, an ancient tool used as a tactical weapon to achieve policy goals. The political goals...is perceived 47 Barrett: Islam as the richest and strongest nation on earth , particularly one that attempts to directly or indirectly impose its...school, which is prominent in Egypt, along the Red Sea littoral and in the Indian Ocean communities including Southeast Asia. The most obvious

  14. Confronting Islamic Jihadist Movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Afzal Upal

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that in order to win the long-term fight against Islamic Jihadist movements, we must confront their ideological foundations and provide the majority of Muslims with an alternative narrative that satisfies their social identity needs for a positive esteem.  By analysing social identity dynamics of Western-Muslim interactions, this paper presents some novel ideas that can lead to the creation of such a narrative.

  15. SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Muhammad Bhat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociology is a systematic study of human relations at social Level. It is a vast concept used to determine the relation of human beings at individual and community level. It includes social interaction accommodation and progress at reasonable levels. Sociologists examine the ways in which social structures and institutions such as class, family, community, power and social problems influence society are dealt with. The evolutionary trend at every step of life helps to accept all changes necessary for human development and prosperity on ethical grounds. The study of society was long known with broad evolutionary reconstructions of historical change in societies. It is a synthesizing field that attempted to integrate the findings acquired from other social sciences. Islam has unique social system and believes in progressive change and help to develop society from nomadic life to international affairs. This change has been possible through many ways for which different terms like Tashakur, Tashkeer, Tafakur etc. were used in Islamic history which are derived from the Quran. An attempt has been made to high light these terms and their impact upon Islamic social evolutionary thought and is explained according to the true nature of evolutionary change and social development.

  16. Introduction to "Islam in China/China in Islam"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew S. Erie

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Rather than China versus Islam, the overarching theme of this special issue is “Islam in China/China in Islam.” In thinking through “Islam in China,” we argue that the relationship between China and Islam is not one of opposition, but rather one of cultural, linguistic, and economic imbrication. Indeed, it is difficult to describe Islam and China as two separate or essentialized entities. For some Muslim minorities in certain regions of China, there is no distinction between neo-Confucianism and Islam or between the nation-state and the global umma (community of Muslims. Through intellectual labor, modes of prayer and worship, art, calligraphy, architecture, cuisine, linguistic creoles, and legal pluralism, these Muslims embody multiple cultural referents. For other Muslim minorities in other regions in China, political and economic circumstances present challenges to living in accordance with Islam while also being a citizen of the PRC. In other words, the Muslim experience in China encompasses a complex mosaic of accommodation, adjustment, preservation, and, at times, resistance. Thus, generalizations about this incredibly diverse population are unhelpful, and careful attention must be paid to history, politics, and place...

  17. TEORI KONFLIK DALAM PERSFEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM: INTERKONEKSI ISLAM DAN SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayat

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Religion as an ideology in society is believed to allow it to become a paradigm as a solution to conflicts. Islam is a rahmat li al-ālamīn religion in the life of mankind with conflicts settlement construction in the community as connectivity with customary law (ethics, moral values, character, and culture and state laws that in fact emerged from the discourse of Islamic law. Religion becomes a balancing of social conflicts that arise from a variety of indicators, because Islam is a legal consensus that includes a variety of conditions and situations of society. Therefore, Islam as a principle regulator of human order become a theory of conflict resolution in the minds of some scientists that suggests an existence of Islam in it

  18. Islamic bioethics: a general scheme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shomali, Mohamamd Ali

    2008-01-01

    No doubt life in its all forms enjoys a very high status in Islam. Human life is one of the most sacred creatures of God. Therefore, it must be appreciated, respected and protected. In this regard, the paper refers to different parts. The first part studies the value of life in Islam. It helps to understand why life must be appreciated and respected. The second part sheds some light on the nature of the Islamic bioethics. Discussing the sources and authorities in the Islamic bioethics, in this part we will study the way of life protection which is regulated by the Islamic law and bioethics. Part three reflects on some important issues in bioethics from an Islamic perspective. Concerning the Islamic believes, physical health maintenance and disease treatment are two important aspects of the Islamic teachings. In respect to the beginning of human life; firstly, we will see that reproduction must occur in the context of a legitimate and stable family. Secondly, we will study family planning and abortion. With respect to the end of life, issues such as suicide and euthanasia will be studied. Finally organ transplantation will be discussed.

  19. MENCERNA AKAR FILSAFAT DALAM ISLAM

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    Ismail Fahmi Arrauf

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Philosophizing by philosophers is logical, independent, systematic, radical, and universal thinking on anything. Researchers have long been interested in investigating Islamic Philosophy, as a branch of science that develops later and commonly known as one rooted from Greece. This paper then aims at investigating the extent Islamic Philosophy interconnects with Greek Philosophy as well as their differences. Methods employed at this research are identifying Qur’an verses on Philosophy, and enriching them to reviews of related literature. Important findings are Islamic Philosophy is mainly derived from Qur’an values, its interconnectedness with Greek Philosophy does not mean it is integrated, and apart from different views on Philosophy, arguments where Qur’an reveals values of Philosophy is highlighted.Abstrak: Berfilsafat menurut filosof adalah berfikir logis, bebas, sistematis, radikal dan universal tentang apa saja yang ada. Filsafat Islam sebagai salah satu cabang ilmu yang berkembang kemudian hari, dikenal secara luas berasal dari Yunani. Filsafat yang penulis maksud dengan milik muslim adalah filsafat yang berakar dari Qur’an Hakim, buku sumber induk filsafat umat Islam, serta sunnah Nabi. Dinamakan Filsafat Islam bukan karena dibuat oleh orang Islam atau dibuat di negara Islam, melainkan karena inspirasinya, prinsip-prinsipnya dan hal-hal yang berkaitan dengannya diambil dari sumber al-Qur’an.

  20. Islam: Basic Terms and Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wires, Richard

    1983-01-01

    The news media constantly uses words and references that require specific knowledge and understanding if the public is to grasp the substance and implications of events and developments concerning the Islamic religion. Most frequently encountered Islamic terms and ideas are explained. (RM)

  1. Islamic bioethics: a general scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shomali, Mohamamd Ali

    2008-01-01

    No doubt life in its all forms enjoys a very high status in Islam. Human life is one of the most sacred creatures of God. Therefore, it must be appreciated, respected and protected. In this regard, the paper refers to different parts. The first part studies the value of life in Islam. It helps to understand why life must be appreciated and respected. The second part sheds some light on the nature of the Islamic bioethics. Discussing the sources and authorities in the Islamic bioethics, in this part we will study the way of life protection which is regulated by the Islamic law and bioethics. Part three reflects on some important issues in bioethics from an Islamic perspective. Concerning the Islamic believes, physical health maintenance and disease treatment are two important aspects of the Islamic teachings. In respect to the beginning of human life; firstly, we will see that reproduction must occur in the context of a legitimate and stable family. Secondly, we will study family planning and abortion. With respect to the end of life, issues such as suicide and euthanasia will be studied. Finally organ transplantation will be discussed. PMID:23908711

  2. UNIVERSALITAS DAN LOKALITAS HUKUM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Malthuf Siroj

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic law has two dimensions at once, namely universality and locality. In contemporary Islamic legal thought, there are two trends that contain mutual attraction between the two to bring dimension of locality to the dimension of universality on one side, and vice versa on the other side. As a consequence, there will be two possibilities, absoluteness or relativization of Islamic law. The legal discourse increasingly gains its own intensity in recently in line with the development of science and the use of various approaches in the study of Islamic law. Islamic law that is universally used is called syari`ah. This syariah law is rules of Allah SWT that is produced from texts with qath’î quality either from the side of the existency or the meanings without human beings rasional (ra’y intervention because those texts are not the object of Ijtihad. Meanwhile, local Islamic Law is called fiqh. It is the law which is produced from texts with zhannî quality and becomes an object of Ijtihad. Because Fiqh is the result of Ijtihad so that it is usual when there are many madzhabs on it. Therefore, this paper will put this issue in proportion to find common ground between the two trends of contemporary Islamic legal thought. So that, it will hopefully clear up us the limits of universality and locality dimension of Islamic law, a focus of this legal discourse.

  3. Archaeology and Islam in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Wood

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Some Indonesian archaeologists, however, have focused on the nation's Islamic past. Uka Tjandrasasmita is one of Indonesia's leading archaeologists and is largely behind the writing of Volume III of the Sejarah Nasional Indonesia, the national history that was the "standard text" for the teaching of history in Indonesian schools during the New Order; the volume he worked on dealt with Indonesia's Islamic history. For many years he held the position of the head of the Islamic Antiquities section of the Indonesian Archaeological Service (Bidang Arkeologi Islam, Pusat Penelitian Kepurbakalaan dan Peninggalan Nasional and carried out survey and excavation work in West, Central and East java. He has published many reports on the Islamic archaeology of Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v15i2.530

  4. The different impact of conventional interest rates on Islamic stock market, Islamic banking and Islamic insurance: evidence from Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Othman, Arshad Nuval; Masih, Mansur

    2014-01-01

    This paper seeks to close the gap of the lack of empirical evidence surrounding the different impact of conventional interest rates on Islamic finance components – Islamic stock markets, Islamic banking and Islamic insurance (called takaful). Such evidence remains imperative in order for the Islamic finance system to formulate effective countermeasures against changes in conventional interest rates. Using Malaysia as a case in point, this paper employs time-series techniques to establish long...

  5. The Justifications for War and Peace in World Religions. Part I: Extracts, Summaries and Comparisons of Scriptures in the Abrahamic Religions (Christianity, Islam and Judaism)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual JC DRDC Toronto CR 2009-125 13 edification. 1 Thess. 5:13 [T]o esteem them very highly in...who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, 2 Pet . 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied unto you...cause - “governments cannot be denied the right of lawful self -defense” (Part III, Part II, Chapter II, Article V, Clause 2308) - “the damage

  6. 76 FR 29812 - In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al-Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam, as a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al- Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam, as a Foreign..., as amended (hereinafter ``INA'') (8 U.S.C. 1189), exist with respect to Army of Islam, also known as Jaish al-Islam, also known as Jaysh al-Islam. Therefore, I hereby designate the...

  7. 76 FR 29812 - In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al-Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam; as a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al- Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam; as a Specially... determine that the organization known as Army of Islam, also known as Jaish al-Islam, also known as Jaysh al-Islam, has committed, or poses a significant risk of committing, acts of terrorism that threaten...

  8. ISLAMIC BUSINESS ETHICS BETWEEN REALITY

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    Hasyim Nawawi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Sesungguhnya sejarah etika bisnis Islam tidak dapat dipisahkan dari sejarah induknya yakni ekonomi Islam, sedangkan ekonomi Islam berusia setua Islam itu sendiri. Sebagaimana kita ketahui, misi mulia Rasulullah SAW. di muka bumi adalah membangun masyarakat yang beradab. Adapun prinsip-prinsip dasar etika bisnis Islam yang ditanamkan oleh Rasulullah adalah sebagai berikut: (1 berlandaskan ketauhidan (keesaan, (2 keadilan (keseimbangan, (3 kebebasan berikhtiyar, (4 amanah (bertanggung jawab, (5 menegakkan kebenaran, kebajikan dan kejujuran. Dalam konteks keindonesiaan, penegakan hukum dalam bisnis sebenarnya sebagian besar sudah dilaksanakan, meskipun pelaksanaannya berbeda dengan bisnis yang dijalankan pada masa awal peradaban Islam. Pada awal peradaban Islam sudah terdapat lembaga pengawasan (al-hisbah yang fungsinya adalah meninjau keberadaan bisnis di pasar, baik dari segi halal dan haramnya produk yang dijual, ukuran timbangan, kejujuran seorang penjual, dan hal-hal lain yang merugikan. Ukuran penegakan  hukum di Indonesia didasarkan atas klausul yang menyangkut hal-hal yang merugikan orang lain, bukan terkait halal dan haramnya produk. Dalam implementasinya diharapkan pelaku bisnis mampu melaksanakan dengan menekankan pada cara yang dikenalkan Islam dalam etika berbisnis yang Islami. Bisnis dalam bidang-bidang yang halal, bermanfaat positif, tidak dengan penipuan, harus disampaikan dengan apa adanya (jujur, serta tidak merusak lingkungan dan  ekosistem yang lainnya. Abstract: Actually, the history of the Islamic business ethics cannot be separated from its parent’s history which is the Islamic economics, whereas the Islamic economics is as old as the religion of Islam itself. As we know, the noble mission of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him in this world is to build a civilized society. The basic principles of Islamic business ethics instilled by Muhammad is follows: (1 based on tawhid (oneness of Allah, (2 justice

  9. Book Review: Islam Politik, Teori Gerakan Sosial, dan Pencarian Model Pengkajian Islam Baru Lintas-Disiplin

    OpenAIRE

    Noorhaidi Hasan

    2006-01-01

    Quintan Wiktorowicz (ed.), Islamic Activism, A Social Movement Theory, Bloomington dan Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 2004 Sejak revolusi Iran meletus tahun 1979, perhatian para sarjana terhadap gejolak Islam politik yang terjadi di berbagai belahan dunia Islam terus meningkat. Revolusi ini tak hanya mengirimkan sinyal kekuatan nyata Islam politik, tapi sekaligus mentransformasikan mimpi dan menyediakan blueprint bagi pendirian negara Islam. Memang, dunia Islam pasca-revolusi Iran me...

  10. Internalisasi Multikulturalisme dalam Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Julaiha

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Human and humanity are positive and optimistic. In Islam, all human come from one source; Nabi Adam and Hawa. Although, human is from the same ancestor, but then they are flourishing into different races, tribes, or nations, with all different cultures and way of life. Those differences provoke them know others and appreciate others. This is, then, called “universal humanity” perspective by Islam that will determine and push the solidarity among others. Multiculturalisme-paradigmed education or multicultural education in Islamic education has been applying for many years. It just need to reform and reinforce, so the Islamic education practitioners realize it and implement it in the all level of Islamic education. Multicultural education has inherently established since the birth of Indonesia, as wellknown of Bhineka Tunggal Ika, gotong royong, helpful, and appreciate others. That is a huge foundation to improve the quality of Islamic multicultural education bigger and bigger. This paper proposes some ideas in internalizasing the Islamic multicultural education.

  11. Work ethics: An Islamic prospective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Shakil Ahmad

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Islamic principles completely cover all prospects of life including working in organization. The impact of management style used in an organization play an important role in employee commitment towards its work. This paper is an effort to explore impact of Islamic work ethic on human resource of organization including the prospective of work conflict, job satisfaction, job turn over, turnover intentions and organizational commitment. Data for current study was collected personally through questionnaires from 18 branches of seven banks of Pakistan who practices Islamic banking. In total, 150 Muslims employees were targeted as respondent of current study, while response rate was above 85%. Results show that there is significant impact of Islamic work ethics on organizational commitment, job satisfaction and rewards while Islamic work ethic has no significant relation with intention to quit job. Out of seven, only three hypotheses were fully supported, while two were partially supported, however number of rejected hypothesis were two. Islamic work ethics are source to built greater morale in employees resulting greater job satisfaction. Adopting Islamic work ethics improves organizational commitment, source of motivation as well as reduces the negative intentions of quitting job.

  12. El Islam centroamericano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velvet Rosemberg Fuentes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El Islam latinoamericano es un fenómeno particular que a partir de la última década del siglo pasado ha cobrado especial relevancia entre los estudiosos del tema. Temáticas concretas, abordadas desde el empirismo, han sido problematizadas a partir de consecuencias derivadas de alguno o varios acontecimientos. Ejemplo de ello lo constituyen los atentados contra la sede de la Embajada de Israel en Buenos Aires en marzo de 1992, contra la sede de la Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina –AMIA– en julio de 1994 y los ataques del 11 de septiembre de 2001 que causaron la destrucción de las Torres Gemelas en Nueva York y daños en la estructura del Pentágono en Estados Unidos. Empero son insuficientes los trabajos que den cuenta del abordaje del Islam en una zona particular, en la que por ejemplo, no haya acontecido algún fenómeno violento. Esta región es Centroamérica.

  13. PRINSIP KESETARAAN GENDER DALAM ISLAM

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    Ermagusti Ermagusti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Islam has given a clear and a distinct concept about the principles of gender equity. Islam does not distinguish a person of gender and social roles both at home or in society. Different roles does not mean that subordinated women over men, but complementary in order to create good cooperation within families and communities.Keywords : Equity, Gender and IslamCopyright © 2011 by Kafa`ah All right reservedDOI : 10.15548/jk.v1i2.78

  14. Leadership in Islamic Education Institution

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    Supriadi Supriadi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Education institution may not be separated by social system. It can be formal and informal education. A formal education institution such as school, Islamic school or Islamic boarding school is in social environment and bringing a basic value and law from its institution. Meanwhile, Islamic education institution is believed as tool to reach the aim of education. The aim of education is hard to reach if there is no leadership in it. Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  15. ISLAM: Local and Global Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Indeed, in maintaining their local values when faced with globalchallenges, Muslims, as a social entity, and Islam, as a set of dogma, havegiven birth to new phenomena, e.g. new interpretation of Islam withina new context. Additionally, this era of globalization has led religions,including Islam, to renew their gambit to cope reality, e.g. in the practicallife (sociological, political, economical and anthropological aspects,intellectual endeavors (philosophical and theological aspects, and in therenewal of dogmatic teachings (hermeneutical aspects.

  16. PROSPECTIVE ISLAMIC LAW IN INDONESIA

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    Mohdar Yanlua

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the Prospective Islamic law in Indonesia. The enforcement of Islamic law in Indonesia experienced the ups and downs, ranging from the colonial period with the Government of Indonesia to the Netherlands in order to reform it.In this study it was found that a prospective law of Islam in Indonesia the development of any regime of the Government of Indonesia is experiencing developments. By the Government of Indonesia does not accept or reject the extremes, but instead selectively receive (not the totality and gradual.Such a step is done for the sake of maintaining the stability and integrity of the country.

  17. Postmodernisme dan Filsafat Pendidikan Islam

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    Mukalam

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Philosophy of Islamic education is a field of study that has not been touched very much by the idea ofpostmodernism. When it is interpreted and constructed, the project of postmodernism is a critical metanarrative, the critic of knowledge objectivity and the critic of autonomy subject, that provides insight and new perspectives for the study of Islamic philosophy. Philosophy of Islamic education is developed to appreciate the small narrative and local knowledge; examine the relation of knowledge and power, and posture the subject instability.

  18. Epilogue to "Islam in China/China in Islam"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Lipman

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In my opening comments during the conference “The Everyday Life of Islam: Focus on Islam in China,” held at Cornell University on April 27 and 28, 2012, I proposed a number of themes, tensions, and conflicts on which we might focus our discussion of the papers. This epilogue will summarize some of the conversations that ensued and note areas of particular interest that emerged from revisions to the five essays presented in this special issue of Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review. Some conference participants attempted to make generalizations at national and transnational levels, while others stuck tenaciously to local details. Our discussions sometimes strayed from “everyday life,” but rarely from diverse, sometimes divisive, solutions to the everyday problem of “being Muslim and being Chinese” and its macrocosmic projection, “Islam in China/China in Islam,” or, in Rian Thum’s contribution, Islam not in China. The essays here, influenced by conversations and debates during the conference, suggest future agendas for study of Islam in China and research on Muslim minorities and comparative religion and politics...

  19. Pengilmuan Islam dan Problem Dikotomi Pendidikan

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    Muhamad Mustaqim

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available SCIENTIFICATION OF ISLAM AND EDUCATION DICHOTOMY PROBLEM. This writing is trying to analyze about the tendency of dichotomy that happened in Islam scholarly. A dichotomy is practically reflected in the dichotomy pattern in education. Segregation demarcation between general education and religious education. Eventually gave birth to stratification between the two educations, where the Islamic education was considered in lower position. One of the efforts to develop Islamic scholarly is tominimized dichotomy problem is called Islamic scientification. Islamic scientification is indicated that there is an excavations in Islamic khazanah that gave birth to the concept and the theory that are relevant to what ummah need. Scientification of Islam is expected to be knowledge Islam will be able to develop not only in bayani and metaphysic dimensions. But more than that, the integration of knowledge, as there was the beginning in the twentieth century can be raised again.

  20. Islamic Astronomical Instruments and Observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidarzadeh, Tofigh

    This chapter is a brief survey of astronomical instruments being used and developed in Islamic territories from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries as well as a concise account of major observatories and observational programs in this period.

  1. PRINSIP DAN KRITERIA PERIKLANAN DARI PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teuku Meldi Kesuma

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Advertising in marketing Islamic products must be believed and understood as an important part of marketing based on Islam which should not be separated. This paper examines the principles and criteria of the advertising in the perspective of Islam. It is caused by the increasing of the companies and institutions which are based on Islamic values such as Islamic financial institutions that promote its products the consumers. The important issues discussed in this paper is how the real of concepts, principles, and criteria of Islamic advertising? Therefore this paper is developing an advertising concept from the perspective of Islam and to know for sure whether the principles and criteria that should exist in advertising Islam. The methodology applied in this paper is through literature review by using content analysis. Hopefully, this study could develop an Islamic perspective advertisement concept in terms of principles and criteria. =========================================== Periklanan dalam memasarkan produk-produk Islam harus diyakini dan di pahami merupakan bahagian penting dalam pemasaran yang berdasarkan Islam yang tidak boleh dipisahkan. Tulisan ini mengkaji prinsip-prinsip dan kriteria periklanan dalam perspektif Islam. Hal ini disebabkan semakin ramai dan tingginya pertumbuhan perusahaan dan institusi yang berlandaskan nilai-nilai Islam seperti institusi keuangan Islam yang mempromosikan produk dan perkhidmatannya kepada orang ramai. Persoalan penting yang dibahas dalam kertas kerja ini adalah bagaimanakah bentuk konsep, prinsip dan kriteria periklanan Islam yang sebenarnya? Oleh karena itu tujuan kertas kerja ini adalah untuk membangun satu konsep periklanan dari perspektif Islam dan untuk mengenal pasti apakah prinsip-prinsip serta kriteria yang seharusnya ada dalam periklanan Islam. Metodologi kajian yang digunakan dalam kertas kerja ini adalah metode kepustakaan dengan menggunakan analisis isi. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat

  2. Islam reformerer sig selv indefra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling.......En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling....

  3. Tamaddun sebagai Konsep Peradaban Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at promoting an appropriate term to depict the substantial meaning of Islamic civilization. Even though there are various terms in Arabic that refer to the meaning of civilization, such as hadârah, tsaqâfah, ‘umrân, the term that substantially compatible with Islam is tamaddun. From a linguistic perspective the root of tamaddun can be traced back to the word dîn, meaning religion. In this case the relation between civilization in the form of scientific movement and political authority with religion is considerably clearer and even provable with historical facts. From the time of the Prophet Muhammad, Umayyad Caliphate, Abbasid Caliphate, until the Ottoman Caliphate the relationship of religion and civilization was manifested. In Islamic history, when Islam entered to a region, the knowledge there will grow rapidly so as to bring prosperity and welfare. When Islam expanded its territory, it did three important stages: First, the expansion of political power dominated by military forces; second, the spreading of religion to the society such Islamic preaching and scientific activity based on al-Qur’an was dominated. Here, the people tried to integrate the teaching of al-Qur’an with the science that comes from other civilizations, especially Greek, Indian, and Persian; third is the spreading of Arabic language to become the official language of science and communication. These three stages proved that the widespread political power in Islamic history was always based on dîn and the development of science, which in turn, becomes civilization of science as well as religion, which defines tamaddun. Therefore, Islam accepted by any nation either non-Muslim or non-Arab for it departed from rational dîn which develops into tamaddun.

  4. Sleep from an Islamic perspective

    OpenAIRE

    BaHammam, Ahmed S.

    2011-01-01

    Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allβh (God) and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects ...

  5. Islam reformerer sig selv indefra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling.......En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling....

  6. Economic development and Islam revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan, Zubair

    2016-01-01

    This paper is a thoroughly revised, enlarged and updated version of a 1992 publication. It deals with the concept objectives and priorities of economic development from an Islamic perspective. The paper attempts to integrate the Islamic positions with mainstream definitions and approaches to development to put issues in an operable mode. It discusses problems Muslim countries currently face on the economic front and suggest ways to come out of their predicament... The paper constitutes one of...

  7. MILIEU DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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    Najahah Mudzakir

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Environment is one the urgent thing in education wolrd because environment has funcion as a place where education process is taking place. He same as with social environment, it has important role for human being. As we know human being is social creature that created from a blood cloth or something that adherence on the uterus wall, but it is also can be understood that he uterus wall created always based on oher pary or it can’t live by it self. So it can be understood that human being wih all characterization and their growth is the result of two achievment factors. Namely Heritage factor and environment factor. There factors influence human being in their interaction since they become embryo till to the end of their life. Key words :   Milieu, Islamic education

  8. Islam der Frauen?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Würth

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Das Thema Islam hat Konjunktur, und auch die Beschäftigung mit dem Thema „muslimische Frauen“ nimmt zu. In den Beiträgen des von Mechthild Rumpf, Ute Gerhard und Mechthild M. Jansen herausgegebenen Sammelbandes werden die widersprüchlichen Folgen von globalen Islamisierungstendenzen für Musliminnen untersucht. Dabei werden sowohl die bestimmenden Faktoren des eigenen Blicks auf „die anderen“ heraus gearbeitet als auch die Komplexität der Geschlechterordnungen in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften und Gemeinschaften. Vor allem geht es den Autorinnen des Bandes darum, die vielfältigen Bedeutungen und Bedeutungszuweisungen des Faktors „Islam“ für das Leben und das Selbstverständnis von Frauen herauszustellen.

  9. Pengaruh Islam dalam Kesenian Setrek di Magelang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Langen Bronto Sutrisno

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Setrek adalah jenis kesenian tradisional terbangan atau slawatan yang berfungsi sebagai media dakwah agamaIslam. Sebagai jenis kesenian tradisional slawatan, perpaduan unsur-unsur estetis seni yang bernafaskan Islamdengan unsur-unsur estetis kesenian rakyat tradisional merupakan akulturasi budaya yang mencerminkan bentukkreativitas lokal. Pengaruh seni Islam tidak dimaksudkan untuk merubah wujud keseluruhan koreografi nya, tetapilebih merupakan formalitas nilai Islam dalam wajah kesenian tradisional untuk tujuan dakwah. Oleh karena itubentuk penyajiannya tetap dalam format tradisi dengan sedikit sentuhan nafas Islam. Misalnya penyajian gerak tarihampir tidak dijumpai nafas Islam kecuali gerak takbiratul ihram Allohu Akbar, tokoh Kyai Ba’in yang merupakanrefresentasi seorang ulama dengan tata busana khas Islam, iringan diberi nafas Islam dengan syair-syair kitab AlBarjanzi dilengkapi instrumen terbang dan jidor mewakili musik Islam. Nafas Islam sebenarnya lebih merupakanlegalitas spirit Islam dalam kesenian setrek dengan harapan semua pemain dan penonton dapat mengamalkan agamaIslam dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Oleh karena itu media dakwah dapat dilihat dalam setiap ungkapan nilainilaiajaran Islam berkait dengan Tuhan Allah SWT dan Rosul-Nya Nabi Muhammad SAW. Dengan demikiansetiap gerak dan musik iringan atau syair dalam kesenian setrek harus dijiwai nilai-nilai ajaran Islam. Ikon-ikondemikian penting untuk dipahami agar mereka dapat selamat hidup di dunia dan di akhirat. Kehadiran agama Islamdalam nafas perkembangan kesenian setrek tampak memperkaya penampilannya, sehingga kehadiran kesenian inidalam kehidupan masyarakat semakin menumbuhkan kualitas dalam beragama Islam, meskipun disadari sisa-sisakepercayaan kuno masih mewarnai kesenian setrek, seperti atraksi ndas-ndasan yang berupa atraksi mengimitasibinatang. Variasi atraksi arak-arakan ndas-ndasan dengan mengelilingi dusun bertujuan untuk mengusir pengaruhroh-roh jahat.Keywords: setrek

  10. KORELASI ANTARA ISLAM DAN EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmal Zainal Abidin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available CORELATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND ECONOMY. This paper aims to identifies about the correlation between economic and Islam. Islam is the perfect religion that governs all things in life, including the economy. This is evident with the concept of  well-being which is described in the al-Quran and Sunnah. Basically the goal of every human life is to prosper, although humans make sense of  well- being with a different perspective. Most understand economics assume that welfare is the welfare of  earthly material. But to make sense of well-being with the term al-Falah, is meaning holistic wellbeing and balance between material and spiritual dimensions. al-Quran and Sunnah have taught that the human being will be achieved if  living in balance between material and spiritual. This is because human life does not just stop in the life of this world, but there is still a second life that will be faced by humanity in the hereafter, and well-being will be achieved with the truth is that people can balance the needs of the world and the hereafter, and that is what is taught in Islamic economics. Keywords: Islam, Economy, Prosperity. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelasakn tentang korelasi antara ekonomi  dan  Islam.  Islam  adalah  agama  yang  sempurna  yang mengatur segala hal dalam kehidupan ini, termasuk juga ekonomi. Hal ini terbukti dengan konsep kesejahteraan yang dipaparkan dalam al-Quran dan Sunnah. Pada dasarnya tujuan hidup setiap manusia adalah untuk mencapai kesejahteraan, meskipun manusia memaknai kesejahteraan dengan perspektif  yang berbeda-beda. Sebagian besar paham ekonomi menganggap bahwa kesejahteraan adalah kesejahteraan material duniawi. Namun Islam memaknai kesejahteraan dengan istilah  Falah  yang  berarti  kesejahteraan  holistik  dan  seimbang antara dimensi material dan spiritual. Al-Quran dan Sunnah telah mengajarkan bahwa kesejahteraan akan tercapai jika manusia menjalani hidup secara seimbang antara material dan

  11. The distinction between Islam and Muslims in the Dutch anti-Islamization discourse

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Ruiter, A.C.J.

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the distinction, made by Dutch supporters of the anti-Islamization discourse, between Islam and Muslims, allowing them to say that they have a great deal against Islam, but nothing against Muslims. The main objective of this contribution is to analyze the Islam/Muslims distinc

  12. Teasing islam : Islam as the other side of tolerance in contemporary dutch politics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Liere, Lucien|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/297367692

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the role of Islam in contemporary Dutch political discourses on tolerance. I will show how Islam is described as an ideology (and not as a religion) competing with liberal values. I argue that political disputes are not at all about Islam as a living religion, but about Islam

  13. Islam Aboge: Islam and Cultural Java Dialogue (A Study of Islam Aboge Communities in Ujungmanik, Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Abdurrahman Misno Bambang Prawiro

    2014-01-01

    Islam came to Java in which the state population has a form of cultural traditions and belief in the power of certain objects (dynamism), the strength of the spirit of the deceased (animism) and belief in the power of the animals (Totemism). This tradition has been passed from generation to generation; it is believed and practiced in daily life. So when Islam came, confidence and trust is dissolved into the Islamic culture. Therefore comes the so-called Islamic syncretism that is acculturatio...

  14. Dialektika Islam dan Budaya Lokal dalam Bidang Sosial sebagai Salah Satu Wajah Islam Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andik Wahyun Muqoyyidin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is to unravel the issue of dialectic of Islam and local culture in the social field as one face of Javanese Islam. Historically, Islam came to Indonesia there is a record seventh century AD, but there are also the states of the thirteenth century AD. This means that Islam has been a long time to adapt and dialogue with the culture, customs, attitudes and ways of thinking locals Indonesia. Moreover, many aspects of Islamic teachings that can be flexible so it can receive the local elements are in harmony with the teachings of Islam. The style of Islam in Java in many ways resembles Islam in South Asia. Kerala, the Malabar coast became an important area for the spice trade. Therefore, this area is also very likely to be a transit area for the purpose of trading with the merchants and simultaneously broadcast and Sufi Moslem are deliberately seeking new areas for development of Islam. For this reason, the face of Islam in Java is the result of dialogue and dialectic between Islam and local culture which then displays the face of Javanese Islam. In fact, Islam in Java is indeed not a single, not a monolith, and not simple. Among these are reflected in social relations syncretic Javanese Moslem community with other communities go naturally with the local knowledge base in the village community at large.   Artikel ini ingin mengurai persoalan dialektika Islam dan budaya lokal dalam bidang sosial sebagai salah satu wajah Islam Jawa. Secara historis, Islam datang ke Indonesia ada yang mencatat abad VII Masehi, tapi ada juga yang menyatakan abad XIII Masehi. Ini berarti Islam telah lama beradaptasi dan berdialog dengan budaya, adat kebiasaan, sikap dan cara berpikir penduduk lokal Indonesia. Terlebih lagi, banyak aspek dari ajaran Islam yang dapat bersifat fleksibel sehingga dapat menerima unsur-unsur lokal yang selaras dengan ajaran Islam. Corak Islam di Jawa dalam banyak hal menyerupai Islam di Asia Selatan. Kerala, di pantai Malabar

  15. An Islamic Model of Social Life: Legal and Economic Thought in Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Al-Daghistani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article I assert the societal dimension of Islam based on the duality of an Islamic worldview, based on the notion of tewhid, whose foundation is in Islamic law. One component of Islamic law is Islamic economic thought, irrevocably bounded within the Qu’ranic postulates of ethical conduct, founded on a logic contrary to global capitalism, as Max Weber also pointed out. Islamic banking is an expression of contemporary Islamic business ethics, regarded as a conjunction of the financial sector and shari'a-based principles.

  16. Wali Songo Festival: Tracking Islamic Heritage and Building Islamic Brotherhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismatu Ropi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available 26 June to 25 July 1999 is of special significance for Indonesian Muslim. Located in Surabaya, East Java, the Wali Songo Festival, the greatest Islamic festival of the year, was held by the Muslim during that time. The Festival -which was officially opened by B.J. Habibie, then the President of Indonesia-was aimed as an important media for the expression of Indonesian Islamic culture and civilization. Thus the festival provided the visitors with the exhibition of many aspects of Islamic civilization achieved by the Indonesian Muslim, from archeological materials - such as the duplicated sword of the Prophet Muhammad, the gravestone of Sunan Ampel and Sunan Bonang (two of the nine Islamic preachers in Indonesia, Wali Songo - to the intellectual heritage like the decorated Qur'ân in various forms and the Islamic books by the 'ulâmi' (Kitab Kuning.  In addition, the festival also exhibited many products by the Muslim, such as calligraphy, rosaries (tasbih, and turbans (peci.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v6i3.728

  17. Islamic Banking And Economic Growth: A Review

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ahmed El-Galfy; Khiyar Abdalla Khiyar

    2012-01-01

    .... However, few studies have examined the impact of Islamic banking on economic growth. To fill this gap in literature, this paper investigates the potential effects of Islamic banking on economic growth...

  18. Memory Book from Islamic Societies in Massachusetts

    OpenAIRE

    Islamic Societies in Massachusetts

    2012-01-01

    Messages come from Harvard Islamic Society, Simmons Muslim Student Association, Tufts University Muslim Students Association, Islamic Society of Boston University, Westborough High School, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Shrewsbury High School

  19. SAINS ISLAM DALAM DISKURSUS FILSAFAT ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muslih

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sains Islam sampai saat ini masih terkungkung dalam lingkaran pseudoscience, atau masih pada taraf model justifikasi Bucaillian. Sebagai bangunan keilmuan, sains Islam tentu memiliki basis filosofis. Tulisan ini berupaya mengkaji sains Islam dalam perspektif filsafat ilmu. Dalam perspektif ini, keilmiahan bangunan keilmuan ditentukan oleh ketepatan penggunaan teori dan metodologinya, tanpa mengabaikan sisi sosiologis-historis maupun sisi teologis-metafisis. Jika yang pertama merupakan basis logis dan objektifitas sains, lalu yang kedua merupakan aspek kemanusiaan dari sains, maka yang ketiga adalah basis keyakinan, keimanan, dan keberagamaan dari sains. Dengan ketiga elemen penting tersebut, Sains Islam sebagai sains berbasis agama Islam bisa menjadi ilmiah. Sekalipun demikian, definisi baru Sains Islam sebagai aktivitas ilmiah mesti terus dilanjutkan ke arah “action” dalam bentuk program riset. Dengan begitu, Sains Islam akan menghasilkan temuan-temuan baru, teori baru, metodologi baru, konteks baru, dan seterusnya. Tanpa upaya itu, image pseudosains dan justifikasi Bucaillian akan sulit hilang dari bangunan keilmuan Sains Islam.

  20. Adab Sebagai Politik Hukum Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogi Prasetyo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to know the concept of adab as the politics of Islamic law. Only Islam has the adab to organize people in all spheres of life while still being able to keep up with the times. Islam as a civilized religion wants the good of the world and here after by making human beings as khamil who believe and piety to Allah SWT is evidenced by obedience to His laws as dijelskan in al-Qur’an and Hadith. Adab is a basic principle typical of Islam which contains the values and rules of law that govern human life. Adab contains an inner philosophy of life that explains the lives of the past, present and future. The dimensions of space and time covered in adab can always follow global developments, so that there is an eternal politics of Islamic law as a way for the Islamic law that governs the good of human beings to be the main grip in living life. It is important that the role of adab in the development of the ummah, because it contains about the laws of Allah SWT to regulate acceptable human life and become the main need to practice it, because the goodness that is in it is desired by the whole people. The value contained in it is able to reduce the egoism and fanatic sentiments that are often spread by interested parties. As the politics of Islamic law, adab contains the wisdom of life, contained in it can provide widespread benefit to all mankind.

  1. Javanese Islam: The Flow of Creed

    OpenAIRE

    Jamhari Jamhari

    2014-01-01

    In this article, popular Islam meaning Islam that is practiced and interpreted in accordance with local context is considered to be "the true Islam". To reach this ultimate religious goal, one may proceed through various ways of understanding Islam. These differences may indicate the level of religious understanding one has reached. On the other hand, they may demonstrate the many ways to grasp the truth of religious understanding. The emergence of various religious orientations with t...

  2. Islam’s Challenge: Jihad and Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-12

    injustice and oppression of anti- Islamic governments and the neocolonialism of the West and the East was incumbent on all Muslims. (Richardson 2006a...jihad in the defense of Islam against the injustice and oppression of anti-Islamic governments and the neocolonialism of the West was the religious duty...Islamic identity and culture, and Israel, which he regarded as an outpost of American neocolonialism : The Foul of imperialism have clutched at the heart

  3. DINAMIKA ISLAM KULTURAL: Studi atas Dialektika Islam dan Budaya Lokal Madura

    OpenAIRE

    Paisun Paisun

    2010-01-01

    Throughout the history, it is well-known that the ingress and the progress of Islam in Indonesia, especially in Java and Madura, were held almost without any tension and conflict. Even in the societies with some former belief systems such as Animism and Buddhism, Islam was easily accepted as a religion that brings peace within its teachings. During periods, Islam and local cultures perform a dialectical relationship and give rise to local variances of Islam, such as Javanese Islam, Madurese I...

  4. DINAMIKA ISLAM KULTURAL: Studi atas Dialektika Islam dan Budaya Lokal Madura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paisun Paisun

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the history, it is well-known that the ingress and the progress of Islam in Indonesia, especially in Java and Madura, were held almost without any tension and conflict. Even in the societies with some former belief systems such as Animism and Buddhism, Islam was easily accepted as a religion that brings peace within its teachings. During periods, Islam and local cultures perform a dialectical relationship and give rise to local variances of Islam, such as Javanese Islam, Madurese Islam, Sasak Islam, Sundanese Islam, etc. Those variances of Islam are the result of an acculturation process between Islam with the local cultures. In other word, this process is also called as “inculturation”. These local variances of Islam, further termed as the “cultural Islam” in this paper, have become a characteristics of Indonesian Islamic societies phenomenon which are different from Middle-East’s Islamic society and European Islamic society. This paper discusses about the Madurese Islam, one of these cultural Islam’s variances. Dialectical process between Islam and the local culture of Madura in turn generates a unique Madurese Islam, which is distinctive and esoteric. In its further developments, Islam and Madurese tradition are seen as unity and inseparatable, though people can still distinguish one another. This study seeks to uncover and expose the Islamic cultural dynamics that exist and grow in Madura: how big is the change that occurred, in which part, and what factors underlie these changes. This study provides benefit in enriching our scientific study about Indonesian cultural heritage, especially about the dialectical relationship between Islam and Madurese local culture.

  5. Militant Islam in Central Asia: The Case of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

    OpenAIRE

    Naumkin, Vitaly V.

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), one of the three key Islamic groups active in Central Asia. The IMU is a militant and extremist Islamic organization, one that has been listed by the US State Department as a terrorist organization. It has been linked to terrorist activity and to the attempted overthrow of Uzbek President Islam Karimov. This paper discusses the roots and causes of Islamic radicalism in general; clarifies the terms "Salafism" and "Wahhabism"; and ex...

  6. Teaching Islam to American High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen, Timothy J., Jr.; Mi, Han-fu

    1988-01-01

    Presents a flexible two-week lesson unit for teaching high school students about Islam. Provides learning objectives and activities, as well as a bibliography of resources. Includes seven study guides which cover such topics as Islamic prophets, the Koran, Islamic morality, and Jihad. (GEA)

  7. Islam Is Essential for General Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meacham, Jack

    2015-01-01

    The religion of Islam is often portrayed with false and negative stereotypes. If we expect our students to understand and participate in the global world and to be informed and engaged citizens in a democratic America, then it is essential that they develop a basic and sound understanding of Islam. Furthermore, learning about Islam can facilitate…

  8. Pesantren Sebagai Habitus Peradaban Islam Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Ma'rifah

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL AS CIVILIZATION HABITUS INDONESIAN ISLAM. Islamic boarding school is a native and traditional Islamic education system which has been there along with the arrival of Islam in Indonesia. The existence of Islamic boarding schools as part of the Islamic teaching becomes the pulse of the development of Islam itself. Thus, the Islamic boarding school is an original education system that has formed Muslim religious and social behavior from generation to generation. Civilization and culture of society is formed by the social behaviors which have been internalized into a social structure. This behavior, according to Bourdieu, called the habitus. Habitus in this case created through the process of socialization of values that lasts longer, so it settles into a way of thinking and behavior patterns that persist in the human self. If we follow this reasoning, then Islamic boarding school is a social habitus formed in Muslim behavior patterns in social life. As habitus, Islamic boarding schools have a system of values inherited from generation to generation. In this paper, it was obtained some of the value system of education and civilization made up by the Islamic boarding schools, including modesty, the preservation of traditions, culture science, and nationalism.

  9. Ignored Aspects of Islamic Banking and Finance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Hadi Arabi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In the past several decades of Islamic banking and fi nance (IBF activity in many countries, notable literature on this topic has been produced all over the world. By analyzing this IBF literature, this study investigates and highlights some ignored aspects of IBF activities. Methodology: Academic IBF literature includes defending the plausibility of IBF as a part of Islamic economics; theoretical analysis regarding some advantages of IBF compared with conventional systems, suggesting some methods for performing IBF; and concentration on introducing fi nancial instruments and innovations in Islamic financial markets. After reviewing them, they are classifi ed as high ranking journal papers and graduate dissertations that were written on Islamic economics in I.R. Iran during the past three decades. Then they are analyzed via analytical methods and descriptive statistics to investigate the ignored aspects of IBF. Findings: Through this systemic study of Islamic banking, real and not skeletal adaptation of Islamic contracts, Islamic goals of Islamic economy, Islamic and ethical values, and justice and poverty reduction are some of the more important neglected aspects in IBF activities. Research Implications: Focusing on these areas in future research could improve the performance of IBF as part of the Islamic economic system and guide IBF activities to the real nature of Islam (Islamicity. Originality: Besides reviewing and classifying the academic literature on IBF, the study is unique in focusing on the neglected aspects of IBF because it is very important and infl uential to distinguish IBF from non-IBF activities.

  10. Islam Is Essential for General Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meacham, Jack

    2015-01-01

    The religion of Islam is often portrayed with false and negative stereotypes. If we expect our students to understand and participate in the global world and to be informed and engaged citizens in a democratic America, then it is essential that they develop a basic and sound understanding of Islam. Furthermore, learning about Islam can facilitate…

  11. Pendidikan Seks Pada Anak Dalam Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machnunah Ani Zulfah

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini membahas tentang problematika seks pada anak dan bagaimana penerapan pendidikan seks pada anak sesuai dengan kaidah-kaidah Islam.Sasaran utama dalam tulisan ini adalah untuk memberikan peahaman tentang pentingnya memberikan pendidikan seks pada anak,serta bagaimana penerapan pendidikan seks menurut pandangan Islam Kata Kunci: Pendidikan,anak, seks dalam Islam

  12. TOLERANSI ANTARUMAT BERAGAMA: PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

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    Suryan A. Jamrah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam adalah agama wahyu yang diturunkan oleh Allah melalui Rasul-Nya, Muhammad SAW sebagai rahmat bagi alam semesta, rahmatan li al-‘alamin, dan berlaku secara universal sebagai petunjuk bagi manusia di seantero dunia, di Timur maupun di Barat, min masyariq al-ardhi ila magharibiha. Namun, agama wahyu yang bersifat universal ini tetap mengakui dan menerima kenyataan pluralitas agama di muka bumi, bahwa Allah memang telah memberikan kebebasan kepada manusia untuk menentukan dan memilih agama yang disukai. Selanjutnya, sebagai rahmat bagi kehidupan semesta alam, Islam sudah barang tentu memiliki komitmen untuk menciptakan suasana kerukunan dan kedamaian bagi kehidupan bani insani. Maka, di samping istiqamah berpegang teguh kepada dan ketat memelihara kemurnian akidah tauhidiah di tengahtengah interaksi antarumat beragama, Islam menjadi pelopor toleransi, demi kerukunan dan kedamaian kehidupan manusia di muka bumi. Kekayaan akhlak toleransi Islam tersebut dapat ditelusuri dan mudah ditemukan dari dasar teologis atau akidah, dari aspek syariah dan mu‘amalah, dari etika dakwah, dan dari akhlak al-ukhuwah albasyariah atau persaudaraan universal. Akhlak toleransi Islam ini tidak sekedar khazanah teoretis, melainkan telah dipraktikkan secara historis oleh Rasulullah SAW dan oleh kaum muslimin dari generasi ke generasi, baik dalam tataran kehidupan sosial sehari-hari maupun dalam politik di suatu negeri

  13. Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdan, Mohammad Naqib; Post, Mark J; Ramli, Mohd Anuar; Mustafa, Amin Rukaini

    2017-04-29

    Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not. So, this article will discuss an Islamic perspective on cultured meat based on the original scripture in the Qur'an and interpretations by authoritative Islamic jurists. The halal status of cultured meat can be resolve through identifying the source cell and culture medium used in culturing the meat. The halal cultured meat can be obtained if the stem cell is extracted from a (Halal) slaughtered animal, and no blood or serum is used in the process. The impact of this innovation will give positive results in the environmental and sustain the livestock industry.

  14. Worldview Islam dan Kapitalisme Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the era when the idea of similarity, equality and pluralism are disseminated in diversified area, one might face difficulty to distinguish one civilization from the other.Now capitalism is the most dominant system of economic in the world and even developed into a civilization that has a worldveiw. Capitalism also used to be claimed and accepted as universal system that could be applied to the whole world. In response to this state of mind, it is imperative that capitalism be studied and identified from its very basic concept, i.e worldview perspective, and then compared it with Islam. This paper is a preliminary attempt to identify capitalist worldview and prove that it differs fundamentally from the worldview of Islam. The capitalist vision on religion, world, life style, justice, freedom of thought, wealth, economic activities which are influenced by Western worldview is diametrically different from Islamic worldview. Based on this study it must be very clear that Muslim intellectual who intend to borrow certain concept of capitalism for the development of Islamic economic should realize there are fundamental principles of capitalism that are irreconciliable with that of Islamic economic.

  15. Sleep from an islamic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed S BaHammam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allβh (God and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects of sleep and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a pattern of light and darkness. A mid-day nap is an important practice for Muslims, and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh promoted naps as beneficial. In accordance with the practice and instructions of Muhammad (pbuh, Muslims have certain sleep habits and these sleep habits correspond to some of the sleep hygiene rules identified by modern science. Details during sleep include sleep position, like encouraging sleep on the right side and discouraging sleep in the prone position. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Islamic literature and Islamic scholars have made significant contributions to theories of dream interpretation. We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature in general and Islamic literature in particular, to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people about the sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer some unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry.

  16. Sleep from an Islamic perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahammam, Ahmed S

    2011-10-01

    Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allνh (God) and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects of sleep and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a pattern of light and darkness. A mid-day nap is an important practice for Muslims, and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh) promoted naps as beneficial. In accordance with the practice and instructions of Muhammad (pbuh), Muslims have certain sleep habits and these sleep habits correspond to some of the sleep hygiene rules identified by modern science. Details during sleep include sleep position, like encouraging sleep on the right side and discouraging sleep in the prone position. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Islamic literature and Islamic scholars have made significant contributions to theories of dream interpretation. We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature in general and Islamic literature in particular, to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people about the sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer some unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry.

  17. Teologi Transformatif Jaringan Islam Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tasmuji Tasmuji

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at discussing the extent of theological significance of Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL, Islamic Liberal Networks in Indonesia founded and led by Ulil Abshar Abdalla. This is because theology is the soul of religious adherents’ life who intend to work through God’s words in the world. JIL has come as an anti-thesis against Islamic fundamentalism movements, which tend to be rigid, intolerant, and exclusive. The facts can be observed, at least, in such mass organizations as Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia (MMI, Laskar Jihad (LJ, Front Pembela Islam (FPI, Ikhwanul Muslimin Indonesia (IMI, and Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI. The issuance of “the death fatwa” against Ulil Abshar is a part of textual paradigm held by these mass organizations. To JIL it is important to bring about inclusive and moderate theological understandings. Its mission and agenda, then, are fighting against Islamic fundamentalists’ understanding as they are considered obstacles to the advance of Muslim community. Here is the important role of the theology that has to be made as a basis of liberation and freedom for the weak community; then it will be truly meaningful for the weak and poor people.

  18. Assessing attitude towards religion : the Astley–Francis Scale of attitude towards theistic faith

    OpenAIRE

    Astley, Jeff; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2012-01-01

    This study builds on the research tradition modelled by the Francis Scale of Attitude towards Christianity, the Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude towards Judaism, the Sahin–Francis Scale of Attitude towards Islam and the Santosh–Francis Scale of Attitude towards Hinduism to propose a generic instrument concerned with attitudes towards theistic faith. The scale properties of this new instrument, established among a sample of 284 (200 female and 84 male) 16–18-year-old students, commend it for use...

  19. Religion and Ethical Attitudes toward Accepting a Bribe: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W. McGee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the results of an empirical study of ethical attitudes toward bribe taking in six religions—Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, the Baha’i faith, Hinduism, and Judaism. The paper begins with a discussion of the theoretical and empirical literature on the subject. The empirical part of the study examines attitudes toward accepting bribes in 57 countries from the perspectives of six religions using the data from Wave 6 (2010–2014 of the World Values Survey. The sample population is more than 52,000. More than a dozen demographic variables were examined. The study found that attitude toward bribe taking does differ by religion.

  20. Politics: An Islamic Perspective

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    Abdul Rashid Moten

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available Muslim societies in all of their social and cultural variety are, as Donald E. Smith points out, ‘organic’ societies characterized by organic religious systems. In these societies, religion tends to permeate all institutions rather than to be differentiated and/or autonomous. The vast body of literature produced since the departure of the colonialists from the Muslim lands suggests, however, either the implicit existence of the dichotomy or at least the feasibility and advisability of radical separation between the spiritual and temporal realms. The seriousness of the issue, evidenced by an outpouring of studies, calls for an examination of the linkage between the two realms through textual (Qur’an and Hadith, intellectual (ideas of Muslim thinkers and historical evidence. Only in such a manner can the dynamics of the relationship between Islam and politics be understood and a determination made of what has changed and what has remained unchanged. This entails, first, an understanding of the meaning and nature of politics from the Western perspective to facilitate a comparison...

  1. Islamic Banks and Financial Stability; An Empirical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Cihak; Heiko Hesse

    2008-01-01

    The relative financial strength of Islamic banks is assessed empirically based on evidence covering individual Islamic and commercial banks in 18 banking systems with a substantial presence of Islamic banking. We find that (i) small Islamic banks tend to be financially stronger than small commercial banks; (ii) large commercial banks tend to be financially stronger than large Islamic banks; and (iii) small Islamic banks tend to be financially stronger than large Islamic banks, which may refle...

  2. Islamic Banks and Financial Stability; An Empirical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Cihak; Heiko Hesse

    2008-01-01

    The relative financial strength of Islamic banks is assessed empirically based on evidence covering individual Islamic and commercial banks in 18 banking systems with a substantial presence of Islamic banking. We find that (i) small Islamic banks tend to be financially stronger than small commercial banks; (ii) large commercial banks tend to be financially stronger than large Islamic banks; and (iii) small Islamic banks tend to be financially stronger than large Islamic banks, which may refle...

  3. Korupsi dalam Kajian Hukum Islam

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    Syamsul Bahri

    2015-12-01

    Corruption in Islamic Law ABSTRACT: Corruption is an action that is categorized in the form of bribery, manipulation etc. Indonesia’s legal study, corruption belongs to the deeds of the offenses set forth in the Act Number 31, 1999 in relation to the Act Number 20, 2001. Form the impact, this action not only affects human morality personality, but also public interest. The damages to all aspects of life are able to create slump values of morality and the most severe social inequality, such as poverty, crime is not severe and more. This causes destruction of the public good and contrary to the purpose Islamic law obedience. As a result, Islam forbids and prohibits such action, and can be rewarded with severe sanctions. This is normative legal research, seeking and finding the source of the laws of literature related to the topic being studied.

  4. PARADIGM SHIFT IN ISLAMIC STUDIES

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    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available In the early 1990s, there was a heated debate among students ofIAIN (the State Institute for Islamic Studies Sunan KalijagaYogyakarta about the future of Islamic studies, focusing on the possibilityof incorporating Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm to the discourse ofIslamic studies. Kuhn explains in detail the rise and decline of scientificparadigm in his classic work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions,firstly published in 1970. Paradigm is defined as a set of beliefs thatguides the researchers to address some important problems or issuesunder a certain theoretical framework and provides procedures how tosolve those problems. A paradigm shift is a process whereby a newway of perceiving the world comes into existence and is accepted byscholars in a given time. Kuhn proposed two conditions for paradigmshift; first, the presence of anomalies in ‘normal science’, and secondly,the presence of alternative paradigm.

  5. What is Islamic architecture anyway?

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    Nasser Rabbat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a critical review of scholarship on Islamic architecture in the last two centuries. It raises methodological and historiographical questions about the field’s formation, development, and historical and theoretical contours through a discussion of the positions of its main figures. One question treated here is that of how to study a culturally defined architectural tradition like Islamic architecture without reducing it to essential and timeless categories. Another question is that of how one is to critique the dominant Western paradigm without turning away from its comparative perspective. But the most important goal of the article is to reclaim the assumed temporal boundaries of Islamic architecture – Late Antiquity as a predecessor and modernism as a successor – as constitutive forces in its evolution and definition.

  6. Mencermati Sejarah Perkembangan Filsafat Islam

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    A. Khudori Soleh

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Although acknowledged that Greek philosophy gave great influence on the development of Islamic philosophy, but philosophy of Islam are not based on it, because; (1 to learn does not necessarily reflect a repetition, (2 every thought is not separated from their cultural context, (3 the real fact shows that Islamic rational thinking has established before the arrival of Greek philosophy. If so, where Islamic philosophical thought come from? The answer is from the Islamic tradition itself, from scientists who attempt to explain the teachings of the Muslim holy book. There are three measures relevant to philosophical reasoning: ta’wil method, explanation of musytarak meaning, and qiyâs. In addition, the demands on theological issues, to harmonize the views that seem contradictory and complex, for further systematized it in an integral metaphysical idea. From there developed methods and philosophical thought in Islam, long before the arrival of Greek philosophy through the process of translation. First of all it was accepted because it is needed to answer new problems which require rational thinking, then it was declined at the time of Ibn Hanbal because there are certain cases which considered deviant, it was developed again in the time of al-Farabi and Ibn Sina, then rejected and considered to cause disbelief in the al-Ghazali era, and it was developed again at the Ibn Rushd, then change lanes to work together with Sufism in the time of Suhrawardi and Ibn Arabi. Finally, tradition of philosophical thought in the Sunni world does not grow up but remains develop well within the Shiite community.

  7. Psychoanalysis, Islam, and the other of Liberalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massad, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the terms and methods used by psychoanalytic authors to explain and understand something they other as "Islam." The paper engages critically and psycho-analytically with these authors' attempts to read "Islam" psychoanalytically, and finds that more often than not they subject it to liberal principles that are not defined in psychoanalytic terms. Focusing on the work of Tunisian author Fethi Benslama, the paper analyses and deconstructs certain key semantic and conceptual confusions of "Islam" and "Islamism" that are manifest in the general psychoanalytic literature on "Islam".

  8. DZIKIR: PSIKOTERAPI DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

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    Rudy Haryanto

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ada korelasi antara Ilmu Psikologi dan ajaran Islammengenai dimensi kejiwaan manusia, sehingga masalahgangguan kejiwaan tidak bisa dilepaskan dari keduanya.Kehidupan modern membuat manusia melupakan aspekspiritual yang ada di dalam dirinya. Dorongan spiritualyang tidak terpenuhi pada diri manusia menyebabkanperasaan hampa dan tanpa makna yang berujung kepadaterjadinya gangguan kejiwaan. Teknik psikoterapidikembangkan dalam mengatasi gangguan kejiwaanberdasarkan teori psikologi maupun ke-Islam-an. Dalamajaran Islam, dzikir yang merupakan tradisi pesantren dansecara rutin dilakukan oleh civitas pesantren merupakanalternatif terapi yang sangat efektif dalam mengatasigangguan kejiwaan.

  9. STUDI ISLAM TENTANG AKHLAK KONSELOR

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    Rosniati Hakim

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Among the main characteristics of good Muslims, based on the Quran, is good behavior or conduct (akhlaq.  It is a basic Islamic teaching that must be understood, internalized, and practiced in daily lives either personally or in society. It is said that akhlaq is like an endless sea.  It cannot be separated with the other dimensions; it is in accord with thoughts, action and words, between commanding and keeping away of something.  A Muslim counselor has to have Islamic conduct as reflected in God’s characters, as well as character and conducts of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him.

  10. THE POSITION OF ISLAM NUSANTARA IN GEOPOLITICAL DINAMYCS OF ISLAMIC WORLD

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    Abdul Chalik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Peranan Islam Nusantara dalam Dinamika Geopolitik Dunia Islam. Tulisan ini berangkat dari kegelisahan terhadap lahirnya ISIS, sebuah gerakan sosial politik yang lebih ekstrim dibandingkan dengan pendahulunya, al-Qaeda. Satu sisi, organisasi ini tidak saja membuat Barat ketakutan atas segala sepak terjangnya, terutama pasca teror Paris di pertengahan Nopember 2015, pada sisi yang lain juga menciderai perasaan umat Islam karena dianggap mendompleng atas nama agama (Islam—sementara perilakunya berlawanan dengan ajaran Islam. Secara geopolitik posisi dunia Islam mengalami dilema; satu sisi harus berhadapan dengan Muslim sendiri sementara pada sisi yang lain harus bersinergi dengan kekuatan asing untuk melawan bangsa atau saudara sendiri. Berbeda dengan Islam ala ISIS atau al-Qaeda yang bercorak ekstrim dan eksklusif, Islam Nusantara berpandangan sebaliknya. Artikel ini ditulis dengan metode ekploratif deskriptif—dengan menyajikan persoalan dunia Islam saat ini dan hubungannya dengan ideologi Islam Nusantara yang sedang dibangun.

  11. CONTRIBUTION OF INDONESIAN DEMOCRATIC TO ISLAMIC EDUCATION

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    Erni Haryanti

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show up the reason that Indonesian democratic can give contribution to developing of Islamic education theory, in order to responds of contemporary issues. To achieve of the purpose, this paper was discussing a number of democratic theory and Islamic education contemporary literature with holding a dialogue to Indonesian culture background. Recently, Islamic education theory and practice has undergone some transformations, in its system, curriculum, and institutions. One of the trigger was a demand to implementing a conception of democracy in Islamic education praxis. In Indonesia it was adopted from Pancasila, exactly the Bhineka Tunggal Ika slogan. To realized of that, Indonesian Islamic education institution like madrassa, since 1980s was combined between curriculum Indonesia national and Islamic education. It is be a sign that Indonesian democracy can be an alternative to developing a theory of democratic Islamic education.

  12. Product Innovation of Islamic Financial Institutions

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    Agus Rojak Samsudin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article was composed from the fact that the presence of Sharia Financial Institutions (SFC cannot be separated from the existence of Conventional Financial Institutions. Islamic Bank appeared in the midst of the conventional banking development. It certainly gives the impression product of Islamic Bank is seen as the imitation of conventional banking products. The historical analysis shows that the substantive function of banking operations has been practiced since the early days of Islam. Even the profit and lost sharing principle has been applied from transactions Islamic business transactions (Mu'amalah in the ancient Arab, which has been explored in the modern era and also legitimized by the Fatwa of DSN MUI (National Sharia Council of Indonesian Ulama Council (NSC-ICU. This institution is often reinterpreting the concept of Islamic business, including the innovation of Islamic Banking products that are derived from the Quran, the Sunna, and Islamic Jurisprudence (al-Ijtihad.

  13. Islam, Islamism, and Democratic Values. Footnotes. Volume 11, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2006-01-01

    On May 6-7, 2006 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 16 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about Islam. Speakers were drawn from the disciplines of religious studies, anthropology, political science, history, law, and journalism. The institute, held in Bryn Mawr, Pa., was…

  14. Psikoanalisa Islam, Menggali Struktur Psikis Manusia dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Lalu Heri Afrizal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Teori Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud dalam kajian psikologi modern cukup dominan mewarnai ilmu pengetahuan secara umum yang berbicara tentang manusia, seperti kedokteran, filsafat, agama, seni, sastra, antropologi, maupun politik. Padahal teori-teori Freud tentang konsep manusia, yang menjadi basis utama dalam mengkaji prilaku dan kejiwaan manusia, sangat dipengaruhi oleh doktrin ateisme yang dianutnya. Kondisi ini tentu sangat memprihatinkan. Sebab, ketika psikologi semacam ini diajarkan dan diyakini oleh umat Islam yang belum sadar terhadap paradigma psikologi modern, maka akan menjadi masalah. Padahal doktrin-doktrin di dalamnya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Sementara itu, kajian-kajian ilmuwan Muslim kontemporer mengenai hal ini belum banyak mewarnai. Oleh karena itu,sangat diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai ilmu psikologi yang berbasis pandangan hidup Islam, sehingga ditemukan konsep manusia yang utuh dan islami. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji permasalahan psikologi melalui kajian tematis-analitis terhadap teks-teks al-Qur’an dan al-Hadits. Sebagai perbandingan, kajian dimulai dengan mengungkap konsep manusia menurut Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud, kemudian disusul pembahasan tentang struktur psikis manusia menurut Islam.

  15. A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, I. A.

    This book is a brief guide to understanding Islam, intended to help individuals better understand Islamic culture, Muslims, and the Holy Quran. It consists of the following three chapters: (1) Some Evidence for the Truth of Islam; (2) Some Benefits of Islam; and (3) General Information on Islam. The book is extensively illustrated with photographs…

  16. Two Views of Islam: Ceramic Tile Design and Miniatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaulay, Sara Grove

    2001-01-01

    Describes an art project focusing on Islamic art that consists of two parts: (1) ceramic tile design; and (2) Islamic miniatures. Provides background information on Islamic art and step-by-step instructions for designing the Islamic tile and miniature. Includes learning objectives and resources on Islamic tile miniatures. (CMK)

  17. Metamorfosa Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam

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    Muh. Barid Nizarudin Wajdi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Seiring dengan derasnya arus kompetisi global di dunia pendidikan tinggi pada milenium ketiga ini membuat banyak perguruan tinggi terutama PTAI di Indonesia acapkali kesulitan untuk mengikuti perkembangannya, terutama  Perguruan Tinggi Agama Islam Swasta (PTAIS yang notabene secara kualitas dan instrumentasi pendidikannya masih jauh dari apa yang diharapkan. Dampaknya, banyak di antara mereka yang mengalami nasib yang mengenaskan, atau ‘gulung tikar’. Realitas itu selanjutnya membawa dampak yang luar biasa terhadap munculnya image kesenjangan kualitas antara PTN dan PTS yang pada akhirnya memunculkan pandangan dikotomis bahwa PTN merupakan perguruan tinggi yang memiliki mutu yang lebih baik daripada PTS. Kondisi ini membuat masyarakat lebih percaya dan cenderung memilih PTN umum dibanding dengan perguruan tinggi Islam (contoh UIN, apalagi bila dibandingkan dengan perguruan tinggi internasional, baik di dalam maupun diluar negeri seiring dengan arus liberalisasi pendidikan dunia. Internasionalisasi pendidikan tinggi ke depan bukanlah suatu ironi. Tetapi realitas kekinian yang sudah semakin mengarahkan probability itu menjadi suatu kenyataan. Namun, Indonesia yang didukung oleh PTAI yang begitu besar haruslah menyiapkan perangkat kompetitif pendidikan tinggi Islam sedini mungkin sehingga ke depan PTAI di Indonesia memiliki good governonce system pendidikan tinggi yang unggul sehingga mampu berkompetisi di level internasional tanpa kehilangan Islamic morality character sebagai dasar aplikasinya.

  18. Islam and Environment: Education Perspective

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    Mohd. Fathil

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A Muslim views that nature belongs to God and human beings must show that they are grateful by learning how to use and manage it well so that it can provide benefits to the mankind. Exploiting nature taught by Islam is based on the utilization of responsibility that provides benefits not only for its content but also its intact and sustainable opportunities to cultivate and for rehabilitation or to help speed up its recovery. Humans are required to have certain characters towards nature, which means dealing with nature by maintaining sustainability. Therefore, God gives cues to enable people to control themselves in exploitation of the natural resources which causes defection that can harm and even destroy human life. For that reason, Islam forbids destructing or harming the environment ranging from very small actions and trivial such as prohibiting throwing human faces under a fruit tree, in the river, on the road, or in the shelter areas. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH is also very concerned about the preservation of wildlife, as described in the Hadith narrated by Abu Dawood. Even Prophet never reprimanded one of his companions during the Hijrah period to take the chicks out of the nest. Similarly, Islam cares about the environment created by God which human beings are mandated to maintain nature properly and responsibly. Keywords: Concept of Islam, the environment, education.Copyright © 2015 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  19. Corporate social responsibility in Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Elasrag, Hussein

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to review the Islamic principles of CSR, and the definition of a structured social corporate responsibility (CSR), and based on this responsibility. And provide a practical through the international financial institutions that can implement CSR policies framework. This study provides the basis of social responsibilities that apply to those derived from divine sources of international financial institutions.

  20. Jihad: Islamic Thought and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    the last century, attempts have been made to reinterpret the prevailing doctrine of jihad. Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817-1898) believed that the interests of...of Religion, vol.10, edited by Mircea Eliade, MacMillan Publishing Co., New York, 1987, pp.463-468. 4. Rahman, Fazlur . "Islam: An Overview." The

  1. PROSPECTS OF ISLAMIC BANKING: REFLECTIONS FROM PAKISTAN

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    Muhammad Akram

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the growth and development phases as well as prospects of Islamic banking in Pakistan. The role of Islamic banking is explained with special regards to corporate social responsibility (CSR as now days this concept is growing vastly. Awareness in public also has been growing and people are moving towards Islamic banking system. As we live in a Muslim country so it is very essential to have some basic knowledge about the Islamic banking. In this paper growth and performance of Islamic banking is discussed and compared among the financial years from 2003 to 2010 in terms of growth parameters like assets, deposits, sources and uses of funds. The performance indicators are also discussed to evaluate the growth and performance of Islamic banking system. In the last eight years, Islamic banking paved with the rapid market share of banking services. Moreover the efforts made by the central bank in Pakistan (SBP are also remarkable in growth of Islamic banking. By seeing the present growth of Islamic banking, it is anticipated that in near future, Islamic banking with get major share in banking industry in Pakistan.

  2. Islamic Banking and Economic Growth —

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosab I. Tabash

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores empirically the relationship between the development of Islamic finance system and economic growth and its direction in Qatar. Using econometric analysis, annually time-series data of economic growth and Islamic banks’ financing from 1990 to 2008 were used. We use Islamic banks’ financing funds given by Islamic banks as a proxy for the development of Islamic finance system and Gross Domestic Product (GDP, and Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF as proxies for real economic growth. For the analysis, the unit root test, cointegration test and Granger causality tests were done. The empirical results generally signify that in the long run, Islamic banks’ financing is positive and significantly correlated with economic growth in Qatar which reinforces the idea that a well-functioning banking system promotes economic growth. Furthermore, the results show that Islamic banks’ financing has contributed to the increase of investment in the long term and in a positive way in Qatar. It is one of the first pioneering studies on Islamic Banking and economic growth in Qatar, and the first to be conducted in Middle East as well, thus it has a significant contribution to the body of knowledge The findings of research will be of interest to western and Islamic finance practitioners, policy makers and academicians, who are interested in Islamic finance industry.

  3. Unity in Diversity: An Indonesian Vision of International Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    find their adherents in Indonesia: Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism , Buddhism and Confucianism. This great diversity is reflected in the...people. At least six world religions find their adherents in Indonesia: Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism , Buddhism and Confucianism

  4. Islamic state or state Islam? Fifty years of state-Islam relations in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    1996-01-01

    In what appeared like a dramatic reversal of previous policies towards organised Islam, President Soeharto in December 1990 gave his personal endorsement to the establishment of the Association of Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals (Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Se-Indonesia, ICMI), a body in

  5. Islamic state or state Islam? Fifty years of state-Islam relations in Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    In what appeared like a dramatic reversal of previous policies towards organised Islam, President Soeharto in December 1990 gave his personal endorsement to the establishment of the Association of Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals (Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Se-Indonesia, ICMI), a body in which former

  6. Islam in Indonesian Foreign Policy: Assesing Impacts of Islamic Revivalism during the Soeharto Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azyumardi Azra

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last two decades, the Islamic world has witnessed something of an Islamic revival. Indonesian Muslims to a certain extent are likewise affected by the euphoria of Islamic revivalism; and there is much evidence to suggest that Islam, like other religions in Indonesia, is also experiencing a revival. As a result frequently since the end of the 1980s, Muslims have succeeded in influencing the making of government domestic policy for the interests of Islam and Muslims. For this reason, it is interesting to consider how Muslims' increasing pressure on the government affect the course of Indonesia's foreign policy, so far as Islamic issues are at stake. This paper attempts to delineate the "role", or more appropriately the position of Islam in Indonesia's foreign policy by taking into consideration several cases, involving Islam directly or indirectly.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v7i3.701

  7. Issues in Transformation from Conventional Banking to Islamic Banking

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Muhammad Usman Arshad; Mohammed Effandi Yusoff; Muhammad Sohail Tahir

    2016-01-01

    .... Islamic banking is the major constituent of the Islamic finance. In line with these transformations, Islamic banks and financial institutions are facing several problems due to non-existence of comprehensive framework...

  8. Islamic Teacher Preparation in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Islamic Teacher Preparation in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects. ... practicability of the objectives of Islamic Teacher Education and suggests systems or models for its ... Keywords: Teacher Preparation; Islamic Teacher; In- Service Training.

  9. TEORI INVISIBLE HAND ADAM SMITH DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

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    Rustam Dahar KAP

    2016-05-01

    what is called “material plus”. Islam has always stressed that every person should lives in a lawful manner. Islam does not prohibit people to do economic activity, but it provides guidances in the form of Islamic values.

  10. The Role of Islamic Leading Organizations for the Promotion of Islamic Finance in Western Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Shabbir MS; Rehman AK; Akhtar T

    2016-01-01

    The majority of the literature related to Islamic finance in the Western world is country related. They only examine the role of Islamic finance in a respective country according to its Muslim population. I would like to gather all these studies and give a comprehensive overview of opportunities and challenges, such as assets and liabilities driven, securitization and spread, that Islamic financial institutions face in the world and identify the role of leading Islamic Organizations, such as ...

  11. ISLAM JAWA IN DIASPORA AND QUESTIONS ON LOCALITY

    OpenAIRE

    Maftukhin Maftukhin

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the translocal Islam Jawa (Javanese Islam) that characterises the deterritorialisation of culture through space and time. Contrary to mainstream approaches to Islam Jawa that tends substantially picture Islam and Muslim in Java as a mere “localised form of Islam”, it sees Islam Jawa as a “translocal” practices. In addition, it sees that the idea of Islam Jawa travels, deterritorialises, and reterritorialises in different times and places. Therefore, what is imagined by s...

  12. PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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    Najahah Najahah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Conceptually, education based community is a model of education provision which is based on the principle of community, by community and to community. Education of community means education providing the answers of communities' needs. Education by community means society is placed as the subject or the educational actors, not the objects of education. In this context, communities are demanded their role and active participation in any educational program. Indonesian society is muslims majority, so Islamic Education is needed in order to implement Islamic values in everyday life. The human empowerment in Islamic education perspective is through Islamic boarding school education, Da'wah Islamiyah, the assembly of study groups, the establishment of foundations or Islamic organizations, with the levels of RA, MI, MTs, MA, Islamic Education in the family or the worship places, Al-Qur'an education institutions of TPA or TPQ, and other Institutions.

  13. JANENGAN SEBAGAI SENI TRADISIONAL ISLAM-JAWA

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    Akhmad Arif Junaidi

    2013-12-01

    Tulisan ini dilatarbelakangi satu realitas budaya yang dihasilkan dari kehidupan masyarakat Muslim Jawa khususnya seni musik tradisional Islam-Jawa. Ekspresi kebudayaan Islam-Jawa dalam seni musik ini sangat beragam dan mencerminkan keberagaman “wajah” Islam yang telah beradaptasi dengan budaya lokal. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa Janengan merupakan perwujudan dari perpaduan tiga unsur tradisi musik, yakni tradisi musik Jawa, tradisi musik Islam Timur Tengah (Arab dan kini telah dikembangkan dengan kombinasi musik Barat seperti pop. Perpaduan ketiga unsur tradisi musik yang berbeda ini membentuk suatu hasil kreativitas yang unik bercirikan musik Jawa. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa ini juga melahirkan nilai-nilai yang meliputi nilai-nilai musikal, nilai-nilai kultural, dan nilai-nilai religius. Secara tematik syair-syair Janengan berisi berbagai ajaran seperti akidah (tauhid, syari’at dan tasawuf.

  14. ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON MARITAL RAPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Endriyo Susila

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Marital rape has become a controversial issue in many countries including Indonesia. For the majority of the Indonesian people, it is impossible for rape to take place inside the marriage institution, however some other peoples believe that it possibly occurs. Since it is considered as a kind of rape anyway, those who agree with that concept, insist on the government of Indonesia to qualify marital rape as an offence. This is sounded usually by the human rights activists, especially the feminists. This research is aimed to elaborate the legal position of what so-call marital rape in Islam. As a country whose population is majority Muslim, it can be understood that the development of the Indonesian law is influenced by the Islamic values. This research provide an important reference to deal with the issue of the criminalization of marital rape in Indonesia.Since the research focuses more on the study of legal materials from various sources, it is qualified as a normative legal research. To support the collection of data, interview upon the competent legal experts has also been exercised. The standard of qualification of the legal experts involving in the interview are those who are interested in Islamic Law, especially Islamic Family law as well as Islamic Criminal Law.    Based on the research finding, it is found that the type of the relationship between husband and wife as suggested in Islamic teaching naturaly prevents the what so-call marital rape to occur. It is difficult to imagine the existence of marital rape inside the Muslim familes, since the husband is bound with the obligation to treat her wife well (mu’asyarah bil ma’ruf. In sexual matter, the doctrine of mu’asyarah bil ma’ruf can be applied by respecting the need and the willingness of the wife in sexual matter. Meaning to say, the husband is obliged to fulfill his wife sexual desire in one side, and in the other side he is not allowed to force her wife for sex when she

  15. Islam re-observed: sanctity, salafism and islamism

    OpenAIRE

    Addi, Lahouari

    2009-01-01

    Clifford Geertz analyzed religious change in Morocco by developing an approach to Islam that uses both history and anthropology. His analysis is rooted in his conception of anthropology as a discipline whose focus is culture, a system of meanings through which human beings exchange goods and symbols. In traditional societies, religion has a particular place in this system where it plays a political role of legitimation. European domination provoked change in Morocco, including the decline of ...

  16. Islam(s) in Context: Orientalism and the Anthropology of Muslim Societies and Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLoughlin, Sean

    2007-01-01

    This article begins to fill a gap in recent discussions of the future of Islamic studies with an account of the nature and significance of Anthropological and Ethnographic contributions to the study of Islam and Muslims. Drawing attention to both the problem of essence in Orientalism and the dissolution of Islam's significance for Muslims in…

  17. Islam(s) in Context: Orientalism and the Anthropology of Muslim Societies and Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLoughlin, Sean

    2007-01-01

    This article begins to fill a gap in recent discussions of the future of Islamic studies with an account of the nature and significance of Anthropological and Ethnographic contributions to the study of Islam and Muslims. Drawing attention to both the problem of essence in Orientalism and the dissolution of Islam's significance for Muslims in…

  18. Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan AYAYDIN

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. Hasan Kalyoncu Univeristy organized first of its conference series as “Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance” themed on October 27-28, 2016 in Gaziantep, Turkey. Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance aims to establish an academic forum for scholars, researchers and practitioners to exchange their ideas about aspects of Islamic accounting, auditing, business ethics and financial reporting. Submitted papers as well as presentations and discussions at the conference were ...

  19. PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA PASCA KEMERDEKAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Beti Yanuri Posha

    2015-01-01

    Islam is a religion that put the principles of truth and justice for all its adherents. Factors that encourage Muslims to achieve independence are factors Ideology, political, economic, social and cultural. In Indonesia, Islam has an important role in education. Islamic education in Indonesia is given in three sectors, namely formal, informal and non-formal. After Indonesian independence, the issue of religious education received serious attention from the government, both in public and priva...

  20. ISLAMIC LEADERSHIP AND MAQASID AL-SHARI’AH: REINVESTIGATING THE DIMENSIONS OF ISLAMIC LEADERSHIP INVENTORY (ILI) VIA CONTENT ANALYSIS PROCEDURES

    OpenAIRE

    Mahazan, A. M.; Nurhafizah, S.; Rozita, A.; H. Siti Aishah; Wan Mohd. Fazrul Azdi, W. R.; Mohd. Rumaizuddin, G.; Yuseri, A.; Mohd. Rosmizi, A. R.; H. Muhammad; Mohd. Azhar, I. R.; Abdullah, A.G.; Muhammad Yusuf, K.; Khairunneezam, M. N.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to investigate separate themes of Islamic Leadership based on analyses conducted on selected literature of conventional and Islamic Leadership. The themes of Islamic Leadership were identified for the purpose of developing a specific inventory to measure Islamic Leadership or the Islamic Leadership Inventory (ILI). In identifying the themes of Islamic Leadership, this research applied qualitative content analysis procedures on four categories of literature. The...

  1. Pemikiran Abdurrahman Wahid Tentang Islam dan Pluralitas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Abidin.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article clarifies a research that concerned with Wahids thoughts and actions that saw Islam from its basic value, not merely as a symbol. Therefore, Wahid presented Islam from democratic and cultural sides. To present the phylosophical analysis of Wahids thoughts, the research applies hermeneutics approach and library research, especially reading Wahids books as the primary sources, and others books related to Wahids thoughts as the secondary sources. It can be concluded that Islam presented by Wahid is the Islam that relates to softness, adoring loves, defending the weakness and minority, sustaining to lead the justice, having faith and honesty, tolerance, inclusive, and showing plualities.

  2. Partai Islam dalam Dinamika Demokrasi di Indonesia

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    Gonda Yumitro

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Some surveys showed that though Islamic parties had significant supports in 1999 and 2004 elections and their existences are in the largest Muslim population in the world, the current development indicates the decline supports of people on them. This paper will analyze various factors which cause such phenomena and predict the Islamic parties position on 2014 election. The result found that Islamic parties will face tough position on next election because of democracy, Indonesian Islamic characteristics and history, the competence of Islamic parties, and other external factors. The democracy causes a lot of problems, like the conflict among Islamic groups in Indonesia, which had dark history as the consequence of the politization of Islam by the elites. Moreover, the involvement of Islamic parties in Indonesian politics has not able to solve the real problems within the society, such as poverty, unemployment, corruption, etc. Unfortunately, the public opinion and education characters in Indonesia also don’t support the Islamic political parties position.

  3. Gender dan Pengembangan Pemikiran Pendidikan Islam

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    Yu’timaalahuyatazaka

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article contains the explanation of gender discourse in thinking development of Islamic education, and it is found some problems of injustice that are needed the right solutions to overcome them. The fundamental problem ofgender on the level of epistemology-methodology to develop the islamic education on the basis of this gender is to reconstruct them in the epistemology aspect of islamic education. The educators and learners need to change their paradigm and mindset of sensitive gender. This article is also has explanation of methodology of Islamic education on the basis of integration approaches, normative, historical and intuitive approaches to respond some gender issues in learning process.

  4. ANALISIS TINGKAT KEJENUHAN BANK ISLAM DI INDONESIA

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    Meri Indri Hapsari

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The research conducted to find out the effect of the number of Islamic banking offices, finance to deposit ratio (FDR, and financing growth to the Islamic bank saturation level in Indonesia. The research used panel data analysis with fixed effect model (FEM as its best estimation model. The result of this research shows that number of Islamic banking offices, Financing Direct Ratio (FDR, and financing growth have a significant effect to the Islamic banking saturation simultaneously. Partially, only number of offices has a significant effect, but FDR and financing growth are not significant.

  5. Islam and Democracy: Conflicts and Congruence

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    Md Nazrul Islam

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Is authoritarianism intrinsic to Islam? Is Islam incompatible with democracy? These questions are frequently debated in the context of the study of the relationship between the Western and Islamic civilization. The debate has gained momentum since the last decade of the twentieth century, especially after the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the subsequent transition of socialist states in Eastern Europe and other authoritarian states in Asia and Latin America to democracy. The publication of The Clash of Civilizations by American scholar Samuel Huntington, in which he presented a controversial argument about a cultural divide and clash between the Islamic world and the West, pushed the debate even further. Apart from Muslim intellectuals, Western academics have spent a significant amount of time on these questions, with a multitude of articles and volumes examining the compatibility of Islam and democracy. In this paper, we will examine Islam’s relationship with democracy from normative and philosophical viewpoints, examining how the established values and principles of Islam as reflected in the Qur’anic and prophetic traditions correspond to Western democratic norms and practices. In order to obtain a profound understanding of this subject, we have delved into, through content analysis, the thoughts of several early modernist Islamic scholars who have had tremendous impact on contemporary Islamic revivalist movements throughout the world, and interviewed a number of contemporary Islamic thinkers in Bangladesh.

  6. PREMARITAL SCREENING TESTS: AN ISLAMIC VIEW

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    Hasan Shammout

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Despite the wide spread of many diseases, advancements in genetic engineering have led to considerable improvements in diagnosing these diseases. Therefore, pressure on prospective spouses to undergo premarital medical exams has increased significantly. Many Islamic countries have responded to this emerging need by making some premarital screening tests compulsory for a marriage. The adoption of these policies comes from the core message of Islam, which encourages counselling to protect future generations and to guarantee the continuity of worshipping God. However, some people reject the compulsory test, considering them against Islam rules. In this letter to the editor, the authors explore the view of Islam towards premarital medical tests.

  7. DAKWAH MELALUI BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING ISLAM

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    Baidi Buchori

    2014-08-01

    DAKWA THROUGH GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING ISLAM. This study is a description of the dakwa through guidance counseling islam yang aims to provide Islamic solutions to problems in the life. Now the method that I will use in this study is a descriptive analysis method where the author depicts the data from some relevant opinions from various sources and then analyze it, to produce an alternative that is more effective and relatively new in dakwa, namely through  guidance counseling Islam.  Then dakwa  must be packed in the proper method of actual, faktual, and contextual  learning. In the actual meaning of troubleshooting  cotemporary  in society,  factual in the sense of a real (not just a theory, and contextual learning in the meaning of relevant and related to the  problem faced by the community. One of the approaches to convey a message of dakwa is through  the guidance  and counseling activities  of Islam.  Dakwa through guidance and counselling Islam has some characteristics of the establishment of personal relations between the leaders and the LED, oriented on the troubleshooting , delivering the message that has been programd and the existence of the specified target. In addition, Dakwa through guidance and counselling Islam also have other characteristics, trying to raise awareness  to internalise values/Islamic teachings in certain circles that  very specific and individual. Keywords : Dakwa, Guidance and Counselling Islam

  8. ISLAM UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF MODERNITY

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    Veselin Bosakov

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a possible methodological perspective for conceptualizing Islam and modernity in the context of the dichotomy “traditional vs. modern”. The author outlines the different images of Islam in their specific sociological profiles as related to (and stemming from the canon of norms that constitute the Islamic community and construct community ties, the basic resource of which are religious values. A scrutiny of the modes of difference and otherness through the lense of neighbourhood reveals otherness to be a latent conflict factor susceptible to political mobilization and populist manipulation. The author identifies the problem fields that generate the clash between secularism and Islam.

  9. Astronomy in the Service of Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, David A.

    In their assessment of Islamic astronomy, historians have usually been concerned only with that part of the Muslim scientific heritage that was transmitted to the West in the Middle Ages. Yet most Islamic works on astronomy were not transmitted to the West, and they are known today mainly due to the work of orientalists in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This is the case of Muslim writings on three aspects of mathematical science that were closely linked with religious observance. This is an overview of those "Islamic aspects of Islamic astronomy".

  10. Perlindungan Anak dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Zulfa Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the problem of child protection from an Islamic perspective. It starts by discussing the Islamic teaching concerning family values and the function of family in child education as well as the responsibility of the family in protecting the children. By extension the paper is also concerned with the idea of marriage, its meaning and function in social life. We base our analysis on the Qur’ânic verses but also on the child protection law number 23 year 2002. We basically argue that it is up to the family to raise the children in a positive or negative manner. The very structure of family is very much relevant to the upbringing of the children and that their positive or negative attitude is dependent upon the nature of the surrounding in which they live.

  11. RADIKALISME ISLAM DI BUMI NUSANTARA

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    Sukarno L Hasyim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Radicalism is a complexity problem that does not stand alone. Almost all of them have highly political and ideological grounding. Just like an ideology that continues to bind, it takes the path of religious to justify all acts of anarchy. So Islam is not same as radicalism. Actually, the religious radicalism is phenomenon that commonly arise in only religion. Radicalism relates intimately with fundamentalism, which is marked by the return of people to the basics of religion. Fundamentalism is a kind of ideology that makes religion as a lifeline by societies and individuals. Usually fundamentalism will be accompanied by radicalism and violence, when the returns of freedom to the religion has been blocked by the social and political situation that surrounding community.   Key words: Islam, Radicalism, Archipelago

  12. Pembaruan Pendidikan Islam Perspektif Hamka

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    Shobahussurur Shobahussurur

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Modernization in every aspect of life is definitely needed. Modernization is a process to construct soul to be independent. Modernization from feudalism to democracy. Modernization from the traditional agrarian to advance state and industrialized. Modernization from ignorance to scientific discoveries. Scientific modernization to challenge the advanced countries, and so on. Based on this fact, Hamka has a view that modernization of education is definitely needed. That is because of serious problem in the world of education in Indonesia. Furthermore, the Western education results a sense of antipathy toward Islam and at the same time, Islamic boarding school education mostly against the western world. According to Hamka modernization of education can be actualized through the role of mosque. Mosque has effective educational role and enlightenment, but at some mosques rise educational institutions, for the level of schools as well as university.

  13. Strategies for Combating Islamic State

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    Timothy Sands

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS announced the formation of the “Islamic Caliphate” as an alternative to modern states, on 29 June 2014 (the first day of Ramadan. The ISIS vision shared by other global jihadist organizations such as al-Qaeda is an apocalyptic post-state. Many authors very quickly evolve from the idea of the potential threat to either the U.S. or its allies to a requisite necessity of strong military action by the U.S. to defeat ISIS. Something frequently absent in analyses of U.S. reactions to ISIS is the capabilities, responsibilities, and opinions and desires of neighboring Gulf countries. This paper will incorporate attitudes and opinions of Gulf countries to imply responsibilities to deal with ISIS prior to considering potential U.S. actions.

  14. Radical Islam in East Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Administra- tion and Development SLA Sudan Liberation Army SLM Sudan Liberation Movement SPLM Sudan People’s Liberation Movement SSDF Somali Salvation...contest the Sudanese government’s control of the region: the Sudan Liberation Movement/Sudan Liberation Army (SLM or SLA ), which derives its support...projects related to informal education, camping, and sports and offers scholarships to some low- income students. Through funding from the Islamic

  15. Konsep Nafkah dalam Hukum Islam

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    Syamsul Bahri

    2015-08-01

    Conjugal Need Concept in Islamic Law ABSTRACT: Conjugal need is not only a gift that is provided by a husband to his wife, but also an obligation of the father to his child and the responsibility of an owner to something. The need liabilities have been ruled in Islamic texts of Qoran and al-Hadith, which there are in the Chapter of Ath-Thalaq paragraph (6, Al-Baqarah: 233, and more. The need means an obligation that must be done by the form of expenditures related to the basic needs of both the husband against the wife and father of the child or his family. Due to its importance of it in the study of Islamic law, even a wife who has been dithalaq by her husband still has the right to earn a living for themselves and their children. In addition, although a living is an obligation to be met but concerns the level of living, it should be first to find the limits of  its provider.

  16. Interfaith education: An Islamic perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallavicini, Yahya Sergio Yahe

    2016-08-01

    According to a teaching of the Prophet Muhammad, "the quest for knowledge is the duty of each Muslim, male or female", where knowledge is meant as the discovery of the real value of things and of oneself in relationship with the world in which God has placed us. This universal dimension of knowledge is in fact a wealth of wisdom of the traditional doctrine naturally linked to the cultural and spiritual heritage of every human being and every believer of every faith. It allows for the respect of internal and external differences as positive elements of the cultural and spiritual heritage of mankind. In this sense, intercultural and interfaith education plays a fundamental role and fits naturally within the Islamic religious education framework. The author of this article is Vice-President and Imam of the Islamic Religious Community in Italy (Comunità Religiosa Islamica [COREIS] Italiana), an organisation which has been providing teachers and students with training on Islam and interfaith dialogue for almost twenty years with the support of the regional and national offices of the Italian Ministry of Public Education. Referring to existing interreligious and intercultural societies such as Azerbaijan, and a number of successful initiatives and projects, several of which COREIS is involved in, he demonstrates how interfaith education can effectively contribute to preventing the diffusion of anti-Semitism, Islamophobia and radicalism.

  17. Is Indonesian Islam Different? Islam in Indonesia in a Comparative International Perspective

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    Testriono Testriono

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Center for the Study of Islam and Society (Pusat Pengkajian Islam dan Masyarakat, PPIM of the State Islamic University (UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta in cooperation with Leiden University, the Netherlands, the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands, and the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Indonesia, held an international conference called: ‘Is Indonesian Islam Different? Islam in Indonesia in a Comparative International Perspective’ on January 24-26, 2011 in Bogor, West Java.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v18i1.445

  18. Islamic Financial Engineering : Comparative Study Agreements in Islamic Capital Market in Malaysia and Indonesia

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    Adhitya Ginanjar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective –The objective of this paper is to provide a discussion Islamic Financial Engineering which practice between Indonesian Capital Market and Malaysian capital market. This paper also investigate whether regulator could effectively take a role in materializing demands for Islamic securities and whether regulator declaration is more convincing than sharia compliance declaration between IDX and KLSE.Methods - We use descriptive analytic and literature study to see the background, market response caused by regulatory for Islamic Financial Engineering. We also analyze Islamic capital market regulatory from middle east countries.Results - We find that Islamic Capital Market in KLSE (Malaysian Capital Market more higher growth than IDX (Indonesia Capital Market because of Islamic Capital Regulatory in KLSE much easier to improve Islamic Financial Engineering from conventional schemes.Conclusion - This finding could explain why Islamic Capital Market in KLSE is still growing rapidly and IDX will adjust their Islamic Capital Market Regulatory to compete with regional Islamic Capital Market.Keywords : Islamic Financial Engineering, Risk, Return, Derivative, Hedging, Option, Forward, Hybrid  contract

  19. Book Review: Islam Politik, Teori Gerakan Sosial, dan Pencarian Model Pengkajian Islam Baru Lintas-Disiplin

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    Noorhaidi Hasan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Quintan Wiktorowicz (ed., Islamic Activism, A Social Movement Theory, Bloomington dan Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 2004 Sejak revolusi Iran meletus tahun 1979, perhatian para sarjana terhadap gejolak Islam politik yang terjadi di berbagai belahan dunia Islam terus meningkat. Revolusi ini tak hanya mengirimkan sinyal kekuatan nyata Islam politik, tapi sekaligus mentransformasikan mimpi dan menyediakan blueprint bagi pendirian negara Islam. Memang, dunia Islam pasca-revolusi Iran menyaksikan letupan-letupan demonstrasi dan gairah menggebu-gebu menuntut reposisi peran Islam di dalam lanskap politik kenegaraan. Islam ditegaskan bukan sekadar agama, tapi juga ideologi politik. Dengan dasar ideologi tersebut negara Islam, atau setidaknya masyarakat Muslim yang taat syariah, dapat dibangun. Dibingkai dalam slogan kembali kepada apa yang dipahami sebagai model Islam yang murni–Quran, sunnah Nabi, dan praktik-praktik generasi awal Muslim—tuntutan itu mengejawantah ke dalam berbagai dimensi, dari penegasan identitas parokhial sampai usaha merekonstruksi masyarakat atas dasar prinsip-prinsip keislaman. Di dasar tuntutan itu terdapat isu penerapan syariah Islam, yang kadang  kala mengambil bentuk aksi-aksi politik dan mobilisasi melibatkan penggunaan kekerasan.

  20. Islamic Civilization: Its Significance in al-Faruqi’s Islamization of Knowledge

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    WAN SABRI WAN YUSOF

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the significance attempt of al-Faruqi in making Islamic civilization a mandatory course in his Islamization of Knowledge project. In any attempt of Islamization of Knowledge, the students of Islamization should be comprehensively mastered Islamic Civilization. Al-Faruqi systematically developed four required components in civilizational study that were critical for Islamization project, i.e., to give the Muslim student knowledge of the first principles of Islam as essence of Islamic civilization in the first year; the historical achievements of Islamic civilization in the second year; how Islamic civilization compares and contrasts with other civilizations in essence and manifestation, in the third year, and; how Islamic civilization is the only viable option in dealing with the fundamental problems of Muslims and non-Muslims in the contemporary world, in the fourth year. The significance ideal projected by this comprehensive stages as characterized by al-Faruqi were crucial for student to understand the secular worldview that bring the collapse of civilization in the past and not to repeat this catastrophic consequence in contemporary civilization of the Ummah.

  1. ¬ISLAM DAN PERADABAN SPANYOL: Catatan Kritis Beberapa Faktor Penyebab Kesuksesan Islam Spanyol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudirman Sudirman

    2012-04-01

    In this article, the writer applies historical approach using historical data from various history literature sources. In general, there are two conclusions. First of all, the expansion of Islamic government to Spain was motivated by the development of Islamic government in North Africa. Therefore, the expansion to Europe through Spain was unavoidable. Furthermore, Spain is the nearest region to North Africa and the power of Gothic Kingdom ruled this region was weakened. Second, the development of Islam in Spain was about 500 years and had reached its peak of supremacy when it was under the Abdurrahman III command. Although Islam, finally, was expelled from Spain after the fall of Islamic government, the Islamic culture has triggered European society renaissance. Key words: Islam, Spain, culture, civilization.

  2. Global and local in Indonesian Islam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    1999-01-01

    To foreign observers as well as to many Indonesians themselves, Indonesian Islam has always appeared to be very different from Islam at most other places, especially from the way it is practised in the Arabian peninsula. From Raffles to Van Leur, it has been claimed by colonial civil servants

  3. Retesting Fiedler's Contingency Theory in Islamic Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodory, George C.; Hadbai, Mafakhir

    1982-01-01

    Examines the validity of Fielder's Style/Situational Control Match Theory as measured by school outcomes in Islamic elementary schools in Lebanon. Findings support Theodory's contention that the theory is not applicable in non-Western societies. Islam appears to deem the presence of relationship-oriented school leadership and task-oriented school…

  4. Retesting Fiedler's Contingency Theory in Islamic Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodory, George C.; Hadbai, Mafakhir

    1982-01-01

    Examines the validity of Fielder's Style/Situational Control Match Theory as measured by school outcomes in Islamic elementary schools in Lebanon. Findings support Theodory's contention that the theory is not applicable in non-Western societies. Islam appears to deem the presence of relationship-oriented school leadership and task-oriented school…

  5. Pious Entertainment: Hizbullah's Islamic Cultural Sphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alagha, J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Alagha’s chapter on Hezbollah’s Islamic cultural sphere is sure to generate some of the most interesting discussion. Lebanon and Hezbollah in particular are among the hottest topics in the studies of contemporary Islam, but few people actually have the appropriate levels of both access to and unders

  6. Model Pengembangan Pendidikan Tinggi Islam di Indonesia

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    Marwan Salahuddin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia has changed rapidly to adapt to changing society. They have reformed their curriculum and revised their visions to be modern educational institutions. Now the Ministry of Religious Affairs (MORA introduces a new policy to (reintegrate a sharp dichotomy between religious and secular sciences by establishing Islamic state university. It attempts to create a model of education that is different from general state university, which does not integrate religion and science in their curricula. With the birth of Islamic state university, the concept of Islam as a complete and perfect religion can be achieved and realized. This change opens up a new hope for Muslims that they are able to develop modern education that is not lack behind their secular institutions so they can make more substantial contribution to the state and society and resolve challenges that arise in the global era.Abstrak: Pendidikan Tinggi Islam di Indonesia telah mengikuti dinamisasi perubahan sejalan dengan perubahan zaman, seperti dengan cara reformasi kurikulum dan revisi visinya untuk menjadi lembaga pendidikan yang moderen. Kementerian agama, sebagai upaya menghilangkan dikotomi antara ilmu agama dan umum, mengenalkan universitas Islam sebagai model perguruan tinggi yang mengintegrasikan ilmu pengetahuan agama ke dalam ilmu pengetahuan umum dan atau sebaliknya. Dengan demikian maka konsep Islam sebagai agama yang universal akan dapat teraktualisasi secara nyata. Perubahan ini membuka harapan baru bagi umat Islam untuk mengejar ketertinggalan mereka dan sebagai upaya memberikan jawaban atas tantangan yang timbul di era global.

  7. Islamic Schools and American Civic Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jasser, M. Zuhdi

    2011-01-01

    In the nearly ten years since the attacks by Muslim terrorists on 9/11, people have seen an exponential growth in homegrown radical Islam, or Islamism. Insufficiently recognized and acknowledged, this metastasis has produced its natural, deadly effects: jihad against American citizens on their own soil. Some analysts cite "the narrative"…

  8. Islamic Law in the Modern World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, Gregory C.

    1992-01-01

    Asserts that cultural differences and the media provide inaccurate impressions of both Islamic law and Euro-American law. Describes the historical background of Islamic law and the struggle between forces of fundamentalism and reform. Argues that the 2 legal systems have converged in the past 40 years. (CFR)

  9. Studying Islam in the Soviet Union

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kemper, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Ons beeld van de islam in de Sovjet-Unie is de laatste drie decennia erg veranderd. Tijdens de periode van de Koude oorlog bekeken Westelijke waarnemers hoofdzakelijk of de islam - en vooral soefi broederschap - een politieke en militaire bedreiging zouden kunnen vormen voor de heerschappij van Mosk

  10. Memorization and Learning in Islamic Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Helen N.

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, the purpose and methods of Islamic schools have received increased scrutiny from non-Muslim and Muslim leaders as well as the Western media, often leading to negative publicity, criticisms, and statements of official concern. The lack of appreciation of the distinction between radical and ordinary Islamic schools is due to a lack…

  11. Islam in the Governmentality of the State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    2009-01-01

    with Islam and Muslim organisations. Thus the role and future of Islam in Europe is currently and continuously being reshaped by both Muslims and by the discourses in the European communities. Ultimately, this presentation gives to interrelated examples to show the changing identity of Muslims and rephrased...

  12. ISLAMIC CARING MODEL ON INCREASE PATIENT SATISFACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muh. Abdurrouf

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patient satisfaction was important aspect that must be considered by health service providers, patients who were not satisfied will leave the hospital and be a competitor's customers so be able caused a decrease in sales of products/services and in turn could reduce and even loss of profit, therefore, the hospital must provided the best service so that it could increase patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to exams the effect of Islamic caring model on increase patient satisfaction.. Method: This study was used pre-experimental design, the respondents were 31 patients in the treatment group assigned Islamic caring and 31 patients with a kontrol group that were not given Islamic caring Inpatient Surgical Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital Semarang by using consecutive sampling techniques, patient satisfaction data collected through questionnaires and analyzed with Mann-Whitney test, as for finding out the Islamic caring for patient satisfaction were analyzed with spearmen's rho test. Result: The results showed that there was a significant influence of Islamic caring for perceived disconfirmation (p=0,000 there was a perceived disconfirmation influence on patient satisfaction significantly (p=0,000, there was a significant influence of Islamic caring for patient satisfaction in the treatment group with a kontrol group (p=0.001. Discussion: Discussion of this study was Islamic caring model effect on the increase perceived disconfirmation and patient satisfaction, Perceived disconfirmation effect on patient satisfaction, patient satisfaction who given Islamic caring was increase, patients given Islamic caring had higher satisfaction levels than patients who not given Islamic caring. Suggestions put forward based on the results of the study of Islamic caring model could be applied in Sultan Agung Islamic Hospital as a model of nursing care, Islamic caring behavior can be learned and improved through training and commitment and

  13. Aktifitas Produksi dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam

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    Akhmad Mujahidin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic activities contain three parts, namely production, distribution, and consumption. This paper deals with the first one in the perspective of Islam. We maintain that at no point in human history was there any economic system that could successfully achieve an absolute happiness and wellbeing for human kind. Islamic system of economics included. Nonetheless, we argue that Islam consists of values and norms that may lead toward that end if they are properly and appropriately understood and applied. We do not find in Islam what we found in the conventional economic system where there are rooms for committing corruption and manipulation. For Islam, economic activities as far as production is concerned must be directed toward achieving the goodness and prosperity of all human kind, and not toward enriching certain individuals and groups among individuals.

  14. Developing a History Curriculum: An Islamic Perspective

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    Mohsen M. S. Saleh

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Developing a history curriculum from an Islamic perspective, though crucial for Muslim universities, is not an easy task. The curricula in the Muslim world suffers either from traditional methods which lack dynamism and cannot meet the spirit and challenge of contemporary life, or blind imitation of foreign styles which are alien to the Muslim character and identity. However, a clear vision of Islamic interpretation of history, laws of Allah in the universe, writing history in a scientific manner and helping students to develop their critical thinking skills, are necessary for achieving this vital mission. This article examines the curriculum of the department of history and civilization, International Islamic University Malaysia. This curriculum focuses on Islamic history, and indicates the efforts made by the faculty in bringing out some changes. The paper also suggests an applied example in teaching one of the courses in Islamic history.

  15. PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DALAM PERADABAN INDUSTRI FASHION

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    Ahmad Mustami

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the concept Apparel in Islamic education . Which is currently a lot of variety of fashion in dress. Although the general function of clothes is a human genitalia cover and protect the body from the heat of the sun. However hijab at this time not just cover the nakedness , but rather as a fashion style that became a common thing now is infecting the womenfolk including Muslim. Ranging from clothes, pants, until hijab began in innovation so as to attract the eye. Although it is not yet represent the shape and fashion model/standard clothes, but felt able to express Islamic education in the dressing (hijab and a fashion model/Islamic clothing. Obviously keep on religious norms, ethical and moral teachings. Substance of clothing in Islam is polite in accordance with the values of Islamic Education.

  16. PERKEMBANGAN INSTITUSI SOSIAL- POLITIK ISLAM INDONESIA SAMPAI AWAL ABAD XX

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    Noor Huda

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Berdirinya beberapa negara Islam di kepulauan Indonesia-Melayu merupakan salah satu bukti kuatnya pengaruh Islam. Selain itu, Islam sebagai faktor eksternal telah berhasil dalam mempersatukan kelompok- kelompok etnis yang terdiri atas ratusan suku yang ada di kepulauan ini. Walaupun Islam belum menciptakan kesatuan politis, tetapi Islam telah memberikan kelangsungan dasar-dasar untuk terwujudnya integrasi kultural, paling tidak sejak abad ke-15. artikel ini akan mencoba menguraikan tentang pembentukan institusi sosial politik umat Islam sejak masa yang paling awal. Analisis dimulai dengan masa awal pembentukan kerajaan Islam. Pembahasan dilanjutkan dengan respons kerajaan-kerajaan Islam terhadap kolonialisme sampai abad ke-19. Dikuasainya negeri-negeri Islam oleh Belanda, maka dimulailah tahap depolitisasi terhadap umat Islam di Indonesia. Kata kunci: Institusi,Sosial,Politik, Islam, Indonesia THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC SOCIAL AND POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA TO THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY. The establishment of several Islamic state in Indonesia-Malay archipelago is one of the strong evidence of the influence of Islam. Moreover, Islam as external factors have succeeded in uniting ethnic groups made up of hundreds of tribes in these islands. Although Islam has not created a political unity, Islam has provided the continuity of the basics for the realization of cultural integration, at least since the 15th century. This paper will describe the formation of political and social institutions of Muslims since the earliest. The analysis begins with the early formation of the Islamic empire. The discussion explores the response Islamic kingdoms against colonialism until the 19th century. Mastered the lands of Islam by Dutch, then the stage of depoliticization against Muslims in Indonesia began. Keywords: Political and Social Institutions, Islam, Indonesia

  17. Islamic Banking: Financing Terrorism or Meeting Economic Demand

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    regulatory framework for Islamic banks. Even Citibank and HSBC have entered the market and established independent Islamic banks. These new...systems function side-by- side, and Islam is combined with high technology and finance to achieve economic growth. Islam plays a seemingly

  18. Communication Breakdown: Unraveling the Islamic States Media Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    of the Islamic State. As show in Figure 10, ex- amples include images of shops , grocery stores , and marketplaces. Figure 10: Examples of Items in the...34 The Online Distribution of Islamic State Media Products.................................40 What Has Allowed the Islamic...100 Releases, of “Fighter” vs . “Spy” Executions .......................................... 34 Figure 18: Geographic Spread of Islamic State Media

  19. Education Unit Transformation for Maintain Its Existence in Islamic Boarding School (Multi-Case Study on Tebuireng Islamic Boarding School, Gading Islamic Boarding School Malang, and Sidogiri Islamic Boarding School Pasuruan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busyairi AS, M.

    2017-01-01

    Islamic Boarding School which serves as native Islamic education institution is a continuation of education tradition grown strongly in Islamization history in unitary nation Republic of Indonesia. The education of Islamic Boarding School is also a sub-system of National Education with the purpose to make intelligent national life, to make…

  20. Beyond Post-Islamism: Transformation of Turkish Islamism Toward 'Civil Islam' and Its Potential Influence in the Muslim World

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    Ihsan Yilmaz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Turkey have been seen as an almost unique case as far Islam-state-secularismdemocracy relations were concerned but the recent transformation of Turkish Islamism coupled with the global turmoil in the post-9/11 world has made the Turkish case much more important. Dynamics that affected the change in the Turkish Islamists' Islamic normative framework have not been analyzed in detail. This paper endeavors the answer the question what kind of factors causes a change in political Islam in Turkey. Thus, this study endeavors to analyze the main factors behind the newly emerged tolerant normative framework of the JDP leaders who were formerly Islamists. After showing that there are historical reasons arising from the Ottoman experience of secularism and democracy and arguing based on a brief theoretical discussion of the plurality of Islamisms, this paper argues that the Turkish Islamism has always differed from the other Islamist experiences. Therefore, in this study, a detailed evaluation of the Turkish Islamist experience starting from the Young Ottomans is undertaken. Then, this paper attempts to show that Islamic groups' physical and discursive interaction has been a crucial factor in the Turkish Islamism's transformation. Main premise of this paper is that the Gulen movement's 'Civil Islam' has been an influential factor that has helped the Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (Justice and Development Party, hereinafter referred as JDP leaders to develop a more tolerant normative framework and to eventually jettison their Islamism. It is of course difficult to establish casual relationship between two social phenomena but one can underscore correlations. As the main hypothesis is that the Gulen movement has been an influential factor in the normative transformation of the former Islamists' mental frameworks and their religio-political worldviews, this paper provides a comparative discourse analysis between Fethullah Gulen's and Islamists' ideas on several

  1. Pendidikan Keagamaan Islam Dan Manajemen Kenabian

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    Hasbi Indra

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Islamic religious education is part of the national education system that play a role in the development of Indonesian nation in the future. Among the variants of Islamic religious education is the education of al-Quran, madrasah diniyah and pesantren. Referring to the quality of national education which is currently at the lowest level under the Southeast Asian countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and the Philippines, it can be said the quality of Islamic religious education also can not be said to be satisfactory. Therefore, there should be efforts to improve the quality of religious educational institutions have to be able to compete with the future of education in developed countries. Graduates of Islamic religious education should equip themselves with a vast knowledge, professional attitude and mentally strong. One effort that should be considered in improving the quality of Islamic religious educational institutions is to implement the management of prophethood. Abstrak: Pendidikan keagamaan Islam merupakan bagian dari sistem pendidikan nasional yang berperan dalam pembangunan bangasa Indonesia dimasa yang akan datang. Diantara varian pendidikan keagamaan Islam adalah pendidikan al-Quran, madrasah diniyah dan pesantren. Merujuk pada kualitas pendidikan nasional yang saat ini berada di tingkat terbawah di bawah negara Asia Tenggara seperti Singapura, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam dan Filipina, maka dapat dikatakan kualitas pendidikan keagamaan Islam juga belum bisa dikatakan memuaskan. Oleh karena itu perlu ada upaya-upaya untuk meningkatkan kualitas  lembaga pendidikan keagamaan ini ke depan agar mampu berkompetisi dengan pendidikan di negara-negara maju. Lulusan pendidikan keagamaan Islam harus membekali diri dengan pengetahuan yang luas, sikap profesional dan mental yang kuat. Salah satu upaya yang patut dipertimbangkan dalam meningkatkan kualitas lembaga pendidikan keagamaan Islam adalah dengan

  2. THE CONCEPTS OF GOD, MAN, AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN ISLAM: IMPLICATIONS FOR ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

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    Spahic Omer

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the concepts of God, man, and the natural environment, as well as some of their implications for Islamic architecture. The paper is divided into eight sections, (1 Introduction: what is Islamic architecture?, (2  Tawhid (God’s Oneness, (3 Islam and the role of man on earth, (4 Islam and the environment, (5 The importance of built environment, (6 Peaceful and sustainable coexistence between the environment, architecture and man, (7 The unique soul of Islamic architecture, and (8 Conclusion. The nature of the paper – its content, methodology, and conclusions –, is conceptual and philosophical, rather than empirical. The paper concludes that Islamic architecture is an architecture that through its multidimensionality embodies the message of Islam. It both facilitates the Muslims’ realization of the Islamic purpose and its divine principles on earth and promotes a lifestyle generated by such a philosophy and principles. At the core of Islamic architecture lies function with all of its dimensions: corporeal, cerebral and spiritual. The role of the form is an important one too, but only inasmuch as it supplements and enhances function.   Keywords: Man, Islamic architecture, God, environment

  3. UNIVERSALISME ISLAM DAN KOSMOPOLITISME PERADABAN

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    Rosmala Dewi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Islam is a universal religion, the religion that itsenforcement is not limited by space and time. He is fit for theentire human race. Universality of Islam first of all looks at theconcept of monotheism into joint doctrine. Islam does notdistinguish skin, language, race, rank, degree.ملخص:الإسلام ھو دین عالمي، دین أن تنفیذه لا یقتصر بواسطة الفضاء والوقت .انھیصلح لجمیع الجنس البشري .عالمیة الإسلام أولا وقبل كل نظرة في مفھوم التوحیدفي العقیدة المشتركة .الإسلام لا یمیز اللون أو اللغة أو العرق أو رتبة، درجة.Kata Kunci: univeralisme, kosmopolitisme

  4. ISLAM, KORUPSI DAN GOOD GOVERNANCE DI NEGARA-NEGARA ISLAM

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    Ahmad Khoirul Umam

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The revitalization of religion function —that some people think— is an effective instrument to fight the cancer of corruption and also the implementation of democratization and liberalization of the market. Value systems, moral teachings and spirituality in religion are considered to be opposite of the corruption characters growing in the contemporary society. The more religiosity of a society leads to the expectation for the lower corruption. However, according to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI data, we will exactly find a tendency of paradoxical phenomena. For example, in the context of Islamic countries, the high of influence for the Muslims belief to their religion is not directly proportional to the commitment of the corruption eradication in the Muslim populized countries mostly. This phenomenon deserves to be shared reflection, to find the answers of classic questions; why does corruption tend becoming habit of Muslim community who are uphold moral principles and integrity in social life and state? It causes this article to discuss the relationship between religion and corruption in general, and also to elaborate it by dealing with the experience of Islamic countries

  5. Is Europe Being Islamized - A Consequence of the Islamic Religion?

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    Florin Iftode

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to try as much as possible to clear the mystery about the violent nature of Islamic people and to investigate the reasons why they have resorted to terrorist acts marking the whole history of mankind, in their insatiable quest for uniqueness. The paper aims at capturing the developments in the Middle East people who over the years have managed to impose their views and judgments by intimidation methods. It also wants to be an analysis of the message sent by the Quran, much discussed and still mysterious to many people. What does it really teach? Why do the Muslims believe that their main emblem is this book? Why put so much emphasis on the Muslim faith when assessing the potential causes of Muslim world behaviors? In areas where Islam has created a gateway, it even until today fails to preach as the theory promises (peacefully, but by cruelty, murder and terrorist attacks. Finally an issue I will deal with a very pronounced degree of controversy and also very attractive in terms of events lately events that are closely related to acts of terrorism.

  6. ISLAM, ISLAMISM, THE NATION, AND THE EARLY INDONESIAN NATIONALIST MOVEMENT

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    RE Elson

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to understand better the failure of Islamism to exercise any significant impact on the tra­jec­tory of Indonesian politics through the twentieth century, this article examines the development of Indo­nesian Islamist thought in the early twentieth century and com­pares it to the growth of secularist nationalist thinking.  Islamist thinking was slow to arrive at a consciousness of Indonesia as specific national place and homeland.  By the time Islamist thinkers had begun to develop a clearer sense of their own political project, secular nationalist thinkers (often indifferent to and sometimes fiercely opposed to Islamic and Islamist ideas about the relationship of state to religion had already established the unassailable primacy of  the idea of Indonesia as an independent sovereign state-in-the-making and as the vehicle for Indonesians to become both modern and prosperous.  Islamists thereafter had no option but to seek to accommodate their thinking to the dominant paradigm of the idea of Indonesia.

  7. Wacana Baru Islam-Jawa

    OpenAIRE

    Jajat Burhanudin

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a review of the book M.C. Ricklefs,The Seen and Unseen Worlds in Java: History, Literature and Islam in the Court of Pakubuwana II 1726-1749, (Honolulu: Asian Studies Association of Australian in association with Allen & Unwin and University of Hawaii Press, 1998).As for as the Indonesian studies are concerned,  Java has become the most various points of view, concerning the javanese society and culture. The book by M.C Ricklefs, which is under discussion, can be said to...

  8. Etika Bisnis dalam Persektif Islam

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    Rodliyah Khuza'i

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Perdagangan merupakan aktivitas manusia untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Dengan berkembangnya ilmu dan teknologi, perdagangan atau perniagaan mengalami kemajuan yang pesat sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan tuntutan zaman. Perniagaan yang dilakukan manusiapun bermacam-macam, mulai dari industri kecil sampai industri besar, industri pariwisata, perusahaan jasa, real estate, usaha pertanian, dan lain-lain. Manusia ditengarai begitu cinta kepada harta, sehingga sering terjadi perselisihan, persengketaan, bahkan menimbulkan permusuhan yang sengit yang saling membahayakan. Al-Qur`an sebagai pedoman utama umat Islam telah memberikan rambu-rambu  bagaimana manusia dapat memperoleh harta, karena sesungguhnya aktivitas manusia dalam memperoleh harta tidak hanya berhubungan dengan sesama manusia, tetapi hakikatnya juga berhungan dengan Allah.

  9. Monopoli dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam

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    Dede Abdul Fatah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Monopoly in Islamic economic perspective means withholding or hoarding goods in purpose, especially in times of scarcity, with the goal of raising the price at a later date in order to obtain greater profits. Monopolistic practices is a type of violation will result in muamalah because market mechanism disrupted, so that producers will get a big profit (monopolistic rent, while the consumer due to the accumulation of actions will suffer and get loss. Therefore, this monopoly will bring people in general harmed by the act of a small group of monopolistic very unjust, selfish, and irresponsibleDOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2095

  10. ISU GENDER DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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    Mardliyah Mardliyah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education is a process in forming human being totally, and without to differentiate between men and women. The existing of discrimination and the forms of injustice of gender is the influence from the local culture and also from interpreting method of Al-Qur’an verses that is less for women side. This is because Al-Qur’an verses was understood partially and uncontectually.  The Solution to overcome that problem is by understanding Al-Qur’an verses and Hadits Nabi/Prophet proportionally and giving opportunity to the women for getting better education.

  11. EUTHANASIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

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    Arifin Rada

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Euthanasia is an attempt to end someone life when he/she has an uncurable illness, euthanasia will be done in order to release his/her from suffering his/her illness. In Indonesia, euthanasia can not be done and it is classified as an illegal act. Both in the positive law and the ethics code regulate that performing an euthanasia is not allowed. Regarded to the perspective of Islamic law, also regulated that an active euthanasia is an act that is forbidden and punishable by God with a punishment of hell for those who did.

  12. EUTHANASIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

    OpenAIRE

    Arifin Rada

    2013-01-01

    Euthanasia is an attempt to end someone life when he/she has an uncurable illness, euthanasia will be done in order to release his/her from suffering his/her illness. In Indonesia, euthanasia can not be done and it is classified as an illegal act. Both in the positive law and the ethics code regulate that performing an euthanasia is not allowed. Regarded to the perspective of Islamic law, also regulated that an active euthanasia is an act that is forbidden and punishable by God with a punish...

  13. Islam y Occidente: Vecinos distantes

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    Zidane Zeraoui

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo “Islam y Occidente: vecinos distantes” busca analizar la incomprensión mutua existente entre dos civilizaciones cercanas geográfica e históricamente hablando, pero al mismo tiempo alejadas en su relación actual. Los conflictos que han opuesto el mundo islámico al mundo occidental en los tiempos recientes ha creado un rechazo mutuo en muchos sectores tanto de la sociedad cristiana como de la musulmana.

  14. PEMAHAMAN ISLAM MELALUI PENDEKATAN TASAWUF

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    zaki Hidayatulloh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Semakin lama perhatian berbagai lapisan masyarakat terhadap tasawuf semakin berkembang. Tasawuf yang semula merupakan bentuk pemaknaan terhadap hadits Rosulullah SAW tentang “al-Ihsan”, dalam perkembangan selanjutnya mengalami perluasan penafsiran. Dalam era sekarang ini apa yang diperlukan oleh dunia Islam adalah format tasawuf yang konsisten dengan nilai-nilai Islam dan kompatibel terhadap kecenderungan perubahan gaya hidup masyarakat. Apa yang diajarkan oleh tasawuf tidak lain adalah bagaimana menyembah Tuhan dalam suatu kesadaran penuh bahwa kita berada di dekat-Nya, sehingga kita “melihat-Nya” atau bahwa ia senantiasa mengawasi kita dan kita senantiasa berdiri di hadapan-Nya. Namun fenomena keagamaan yang terdapat di masyarakat, tasawuf sering dipahami sebagai praktik zuhud, yaitu sikap hidup asketis Tasawuf adalah upaya melatih jiwa dengan berbagai kegiatan yang dapat membebaskan diri manusia dari pengaruh kehidupan duniawi, berpola hidup sederhana dan rela berkorban demi tujuan-tujuan yang lebih mulia disisi Allah, sehingga menjadikan selalu dekat dengan Allah dan jiwanya bersih bersih serta memancarkan akhlak mulia. Sikap demikian pada akhirnya membawa seorang berjiwa tangguh, memiliki daya tangkap yang kuat dan efektif terhadap berbagai godaan hidup yang menyesalkan. Tasawuf ini muncul karena adanya dekadensi moral yang bermula dari kotoran jiwa manusia yaitu jiwa yang jauh dari bimbingan Tuhan, yang disebabkan ia tidak pernah mencoba mendekatinya. Untuk mengatasi masalah ini tasawuflah yang memiliki potensi dan peranan penting. Dengan demikian pentingnya peranan tasawuf dalam kelangsungan hidup manusia. Maka tidak mengherankan apabila tasawuf akrab dengan masyarakat Islam, setelah masyarakat tersebut membina akidah dan ibadahnya, melalui ilmu tauhid dan fiqih. Dengan demikian terjadilah hubungan 3 serangkai yang amat harmonis yaitu akidah, syari’ah dan akhlak. Berkenaan dengan ini telah bermuncullah para peneliti yang

  15. PERKEMBANGAN INSTITUSI SOSIAL- POLITIK ISLAM INDONESIA SAMPAI AWAL ABAD XX

    OpenAIRE

    Noor Huda

    2015-01-01

    Berdirinya beberapa negara Islam di kepulauan Indonesia-Melayu merupakan salah satu bukti kuatnya pengaruh Islam. Selain itu, Islam sebagai faktor eksternal telah berhasil dalam mempersatukan kelompok- kelompok etnis yang terdiri atas ratusan suku yang ada di kepulauan ini. Walaupun Islam belum menciptakan kesatuan politis, tetapi Islam telah memberikan kelangsungan dasar-dasar untuk terwujudnya integrasi kultural, paling tidak sejak abad ke-15. artikel ini akan mencoba menguraikan tentang pe...

  16. Model of Islamic Monetary Operation for Liquidity Management in Islamic Banking: Case of Indonesia 2000-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifki Ismal

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper attempts to construct the model of islamic monetary operation for liquidity management in islamic banking. Particularly, the model investigates variables that determine the role of the central bank in managing liquidity. Firstly, it explores the related conventional models and chooses one to find general variables involved in monetary operations for managing liquidity. Secondly, it formulates the islamic model after considering the islamic monetary operation principles, characteristics of both islamic monetary instruments and Indonesian islamic banking industry. Specifically, it models Bank Indonesia’s islamic monetary instrument called Bank Indonesia Sharia Certificate (SBIS. Thirdly, the model points out that the volume of SBIS is influenced by reserves requirement, currency in circulation, and prior auctions of SBIS. It means that the application of islamic OMO is not significantly different from monetary instrument in conventional OMO. Therefore, the paper suggests the issuance of islamic investment monetary instruments to implement the ideal islamic monetary instrument and OMO.

  17. Tasawuf dalam Peradaban Islam: Apresiasi dan Kritik

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    Kautsar Azhari Noer

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available It is undeniable that Islamic mysticism (tasawuf has important contribution to   Islamic civilization development. But, its complicated and ‘wilderness’ teaching makes it always becomes the object of criticism especially from the scholars of fiqh. Using historic-conceptual trace, this writing reveals the role of Islamic mysticism in developing Islamic civilization such as in philosophy, education, psychology, literature, dance and music. The fundamental concept of sufi wahdah al-Wujûd (the oneness of Being gives contribution to solve problems related to modern science especially physic. Islamic mysticism like modern physic, teaches the awareness of unity and interrelationship among all things and events, occurrence of all phenomena in this universe as a manifestation of a basic unity. However, its intricate teachings which is difficult to accept by ordinary people   frequently lead to misunderstanding. To make thing worst, some practitioners of Islamic mysticism  commercialize the spiritual value of the Islamic mysticism for a little price.

  18. Melacak Peranan Tujuan Pendidikan dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Asmal May

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Education is an activity supposed to improve entire aspects of human personality that lasts a lifetime, so its process is not only formal but also informal. It may be going inside or outside the class. Education, in other side is a development of human potentials process which is easily influenced by environment and habits whereas students live and thrive. As well as Islamic education, which has its own characteristics compared with another concepts of education is a kind of manifestation from Muslim aim to conserve, transform, and internalize Islamic value to the future generation in Islam community, so that culture-religious aspired could be able to function and improve in the community all the time as well. The goal of Islamic education in general is centered to the efforts to establish “Insân Kâmil” (Perfect Human with several indicator as follows: become servant of Allah, become khalifah, become mercy (rah}mah to the universe, become uswah h}asanah, and for welfare as well. This general goal is absolute, unchanged, and generally accepted, due to its association with concept of Islam inheriting absolute and universal truth. This paper will discuss the sources and main goal of Islamic education with another specific and temporary goal besides it, and also discuss about the characteristics of Islamic education.

  19. Islamic Banks Service Innovation Quality: Conceptual Model

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    Tahreem Noor Khan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Customer perspectives and satisfaction level are considered important for analysing the performance of Islamic bank service quality. Sufficient researches has been done to explore customer perception and satisfaction level with Islamic banking service quality, however there is lack of data to compare and find the similarity in understanding the main determinant attributes needed for Islamic banking service quality. The purpose of this paper is to describe and integrate the results of existing wealth of research on service quality in Islamic banks. After weighing up all the views from existing research, common findings, concerns will be discussed. This research did not find much of information or studies indicating toward innovation in Islamic banking service quality. Thus based on review of the literature this paper suggests main key attributes of service for Islamic banks (RIBA Service IQ. This research strongly asserts that sincere motivation, truthful intention, dynamic and practical service innovation of quality approaches can uplift Islamic financial brandDOI: 10.15408/aiq.v8i2.3161

  20. SISTEM MONETER ISLAM: MENUJU KESEJAHTERAAN HAKIKI

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    Aan Nasrullah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Studies in this article aims to look at how the efforts of the Islamic monetary system in creating the true welfare. Welfare in the conventional economic system (capitalist and socialist contain of different meanings, when in the conventional economic system, welfare is defined only in terms of materials (material fulfillment, but in the Islamic economic system, welfare contains of broader meaning, the fulfillment of material and immaterial. As Islamic monetary strategy that prohibit sto use of interest, the Islamic monetary instrument does too. The Islamic monetary policy instrument is divided into three mazhab based on the period and the community needs at that time. The first mazhab is the instrument that introduced by mazhab iqtisoduna is Promissory Notes or Bill of Exchange kind of paper to get fresh funds. The second madzhab is the mainstream instruments mazhab that used Dues of Idle Fund is policy instrument that is charged on all assets which are idle. The third mazhab is the alternative monetary system that advocated of Syuratiq Process. It is where a policy that taken by the monetary authorities is based on discussion prior with the real sector. Which is the main characteristic of the Islamic monetary system in its policy instruments are not leaving the ideology of Islamic economics nor throw needs of economic returns for economic players, namely profit sharing. Then it is expected satisfy the human need for material and immaterial, so the true welfare can be achieved

  1. Fundamentalisme dan Masa Depan Ideologi Politik Islam

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    Abdul Chalik

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article elaborates the phenomenon of fundamentalism and the future of Islamic political ideology. Islamic ideology represents religious views, ideas and movements which aspire to bring Islam into practice in state and societal affairs. One variant of Islamic ideologies is fundamentalism which endeavors to return religious practices back to the pristine Islam based on the Qur’ân and al-Hadîth. Fundamentalism rejects all modes of understand-ding which are not based on the Qur’ân and al-Hadîth, and refuses secular methodology in interpreting the Qur’ân. This type of Islamic ideology found its momentum when Saudi Arabia regime officially adopted Wahhabism, and when Egyptian intellectuals were united to fight against modernity. Both Saudi Arabia and Egypt became seeding ground for fundamentalism. Some young muslim scholars who studied there became agents for the dissemination dan transmission of the fundamentalist ideology throughout the world. In Indonesia, this ideology have developed since independence and the drafting of the constitution. In the Indonesian context, resistence from traditionalist and nationalit groups were so strong that enable to dam up the spread of fundamentalis ideas. However, fundamentalist ideology remains an important challenge for the future of Indonesian Islam.

  2. Towards an Islamic model of work motivation

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    Akram Abdul Cader

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Optimal motivation (al-himmah al-‘āliyyah is an important concept in Islamic psychology. Current Islamic models predominantly focus on integration with Western theories. This study proposes a synthesised model of Islamic motivation through an interpretive approach of Islamic theological texts (Qur’ān and Sunnah, classical Islamic works, and a systematic analysis of Western academic research. Islamic work motivation focuses on states of the nafs (self: al-nafs al-muṭma’innah (tranquil, al-nafs al-lawwāmah (self-reproaching, and al-nafs al-ammārah bi-al-sū’ (inclined to evil. Tawḥīd (monotheism, mediated by sincerity and Sunnah compliance, drives īmān (belief. Optimal motivation is a result of strengthened īmān moderated by knowledge, patience, reliance, piety, encouragement, and admonishment. The resultant action, integrated with a rewards/punishment system, yields motivated behaviour. Motivated behaviour is classified in three behavioural types: ẓālim li-nafsih (self-oppressive, muqtaṣid (moderate, and sābiq bi-al-khayrāt (foremost in good. Optimal motivation is the state of tranquillity where the individual sincerely strives towards good action. The model provides practitioners with a model that can be used to manage motivation and provides researchers a comprehensive framework of Islamic motivation.

  3. CONCEPTUALIZING ISLAMIC BASED EDUCATION: An attempt toward Islamization of Educational System in Aceh

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    Hasan Basri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study proves that Islam has a unique concept of education and constructive values that can be applied in educational system. Discussion on Islamic education has not ended yet; that is why to reveal the Islamic educational values deriving from the primary sources of Islam, the Qur’an and Sunna (prophetic tradition, is not insignificant in the context of educational system in Aceh. Since Aceh has specific privilege in the fields of education, religion, and culture, it is crucial to break up earth the Islamic values and apply them into education programs. Realizing such programs should take accurate and strategic steps through islamization of education, integration of values, and internationalization of way of thinking. Besides, curriculum, method, system, policy, and dichotomy of educational system must be reformed concurrently.

  4. Islamic perspectives on human cloning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi, Mahmoud

    2007-01-01

    The present paper seeks to assess various views from Islamic jurists relating to human cloning, which is one of the controversial topics in the recent past. Taking Islamic jurisprudence principles, such as the rule of necessity for self preservation and respect for human beings, the rule of la darar wa la dirar ('the necessity to refrain from causing harm to oneself and others') and the rule of usr wa haraj, one may indicate that if human cloning could not be prohibited, as such, it could still be opposed because it gives way to various harmful consequences, which include family disorder, chaos in the clone's family relationships, physical and mental diseases for clones and suffering of egg donors and surrogate mothers. However with due attention to the fact that the reasons behind the prohibition of abortion only restrict the destruction of human embryos in their post-implantation stages, human cloning for biomedical research and exploitation of stem cells from cloned embryos at the blastocyst stage for therapeutic purposes would be acceptable.

  5. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY IN ISLAM

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    Amiruddin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Psychopathology is mental illness that has often suffered by human being. There are several factors that causes this illness, some of which are modern life characterized by materialistic, hedonistic and egoistic lives. In Islam, psychopathology which is described as a form of deviation from norms or moral values, spiritual and religion. Psychopathology is divided into three parts, namely those associated with faith, humanity and psychopathology which is associated with combination of faith and human being.Meanwhile psychotherapy is an effort to cure mental and psychiatric disorders suffered by individuals. Psychotherapy is a solution to cure various problems of mental disorders. Al-Qur’an, as the principles of Islamic teachings, contain information about psychotherapy for those who suffer from mental disorders. Religious approach is completely needed for therapy and it helps the psychopath recover from his/her mental disorders.TheQur’an could be used as a treatment as well as a preventive step, so that all human being will not suffer from mental disorders, and religious approach can bring the psychopaths closer to God, theAlmighty.

  6. ISLAM AND ARAT SABULUNGAN IN MENTAWAI

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    Maskota Delfi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The remoteness of the Mentawai Islands has contributed to an almost autonomous development, unaided by mainland Sumatra. As a result of a well endowed environment and supported by staple local foods such as sago, taro and bananas, as well as an abundance of wildlife including wild boars, a finely tuned self-sufficiency was realised. In this space the management and distribution of food, including animal protein, is an important aspect of the culture of Arat Sabulungan. As the result of the compulsory state sanctioned religions program introduced in 1954, some Mentawaians have converted to Islam or Catholicism as their formal religious identity. However, a remarkable adaptation occured in which the layers of Mentawai identity were not lost in the adaption to the Islamic faith. Islam with its teachings, and other formal religions, are considered as  the sasareu (outsiders. The prohibition of consuming boar as part of islamic rules is a sasareu rules that contradict to Mentawaian Arat .[Kepulauan Mentawai yang terisolasi telah berkembang secara mandiri tanpa bantuan dari pulau induknya, Sumatra. Lingkungan yang subur dan mendukung ketersediaan sumber makanan pokok lokal seperti sagu, talas, dan pisang serta berlimpahnya satwa liar, termasuk babi hutan, telah mendorong terciptanya swasembada pangan. Manajemen dan distribusi makanan merupakan aspek penting dalam jalinan budaya dan sistem kepercayaan local, Arat Sabulungan. Sebagai hasil dari kebijakan pemerintah untuk menerapkan agama resmi bagi orang Mentawai pada tahun 1954, orang Mentawai kemudian masuk Islam atau Katolik. Namun demikian, adaptasi yang luar biasa juga terjadi, sehingga lapisan-lapisan identitas Mentawai tidak hilang dalam adaptasinya dengan keyakinan Islam. Islam dengan ajaran-ajarannya, juga agama-agama dunia lainnya, dipandang sebagai ajaran asing. Larangan mengkonsumsi daging babi sebagai bagian dari ajaran Islam, misalnya, dipandang sebagai ajaran asing yang bertentangan

  7. Revitalisasi Spiritualitas Ekologi Perspektif Pendidikan Islam

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    Eko Asmanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Amid the growing coalescence between the religion and ecology movement, religion and science, spirituality and ecology, the voice of Muslim thinking that care for the earth and its people is rising. While the Islamic position on the environment is not well-represented in the eco-theology discourse, it advances an environmental imaginary which shows how faith can be harnessed as a movement for social change. This article will draw upon field research which synthesized the Islamic ecological spirituality (eco-spirituality from sacred texts, traditions, and contemporary thought, and illustrated how this spirituality is enlivened in the educational landscape of Islam. Knowledge of the relationship between human beings and the natural world, of the function upon which the nature was created, and of the function right living, is essential in this educational project, and the global eco-Islamic movement toward the eco-friendly community to environment. Despite the manifestation of environmental education activities in educational establishment, which are generally patterned Islamic education today is not representative of the holistic, integrated, and comprehensive educational philosophy of Islam. As contemporary world today, such as the environmental question, act as an impetus to encourages, to develop even to build a pedagogy which endeavours to be true to the religious traditions, values, and ethics of Islam, while also displaying the transformation of Islamic faith. Of course, many of them based their life, and lifestyle decisions on the teachings of Islam, and are showing the relevance of traditional resources and greatest life challenges facing humanity today; namely “save our nature”.

  8. MENUJU DIALOG ISLAM – KRISTEN: PERJUMPAAN GEREJA ORTODOKS SYRIA DENGAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenul Arifin

    2012-05-01

    Konflik antara Kristen dengan Islam tampil dalam sejarah agama. Karena memiliki sumber asal yang sama, kedua agama selalu terlibat dalam kontak ke­kerasan. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk mengkaji secara mendalam geraja orthodoks Syria dan ditemukan akan adanya akar yang sama dengan Islam. Ditemukan pula adanya paralelisasi dalam aspek teologinya, khususnya pe­laksana­an kewajiban agama. Data yang didapatkan menunjukkan arti penting dalam pengembangan dialog antara Islam dengan Kristen

  9. Telaah Kritis terhadap Pemikiran Psikologi Islam di Indonesia

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    Zaharuddin Zaharuddin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Islam adalah hal yang baru dalam psikologi perkembangan. Judul penelitian ini adalah Telaah Kitis terhadap Pemikiran Psikologi Islam di Indonesia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana psikologi Islam di Indonesia. Penelitian ini disebut penelitian kepustakaan. Subyek diambil berdasarkan kriteria yang telah ditentukan. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan interpretasi. Hasil penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa psikologi Islam di Indonesia pada dasarnya diprakarsai oleh intelektual muslim terkemuka yang sebagian besar memiliki pendidikan dasar Psikologi Kontemporer (Konvensional dan beberapa orang lain memiliki pendidikan Islam dasar ilmiah. Psikologi Perkembangan Islam tidak begitu luas karena kurangnya Sumber Daya Manusia di bidang Psikologi Islam yang memiliki pengetahuan dasar di bidang Islam psikologi dan memiliki keterampilan dan kemampuan untuk menafsirkan ayat-ayat Al-Quran dan al-Hadits (psikolog Islam sekali komentator. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menggambarkan bahwa Psikologi Islam adalah kelimuan studi yang telah dikembangkan oleh para intelektual Muslim di abad ke-8 yang dikenal psikologi Islam klasik. Selain Psikologi Pemikiran Umat Islam di Indonesia pada dasarnya membandingkan atau mengintegrasikan teori psikologi konevensional dengan ajaran agama Islam dan sanggahan atau kritik dari teori konvensional psikologi. Islam is a new sect of psychology in developmental psychology. The title of this research is a critical examination of the Psychology of Islamic thought in Indonesia. The purpose of this study to investigation psychology of Islam in Indonesia. This research is literature. Subjects were taken based on predetermined criteria. Methods of data analysis using descriptive analysis and interpretation. The results of this study stated that thinking about the psychology of Islam in Indonesia is basically initiated by prominent Muslim intellectuals who mostly have the basic education of

  10. Kontestasi Konsepsi Religius dan Ritualitas Islam Pribumi Versus Islam Salafi di Sasak Lombok

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    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the contestation of local Islam and salafy at Narmada, West Lombok. This tension is inevitable thing, since they have different way of understanding and realizing Islamic teaching. Local Islam wants the locality and universality co-present to actualize ideal Islamic teaching, on the contrary, salafy wants to purify Islamic teaching from any kind of local traditions. Here, Local Islam of Sasak Narmada refers to Islam which has long interaction with several indigenous belief of Sasaknese manifested in Wetu Telu and Wetu Limeand salafy refers to several (not all salafy’s followers who interact with local Muslims. This difference brings into contestation when salafy popularize bid‘ah, syncretic or syirk for local Muslims adherent in one hand and local Muslims want to save Islamic teaching from salafy in another hand. The contestation is classified into religious conceptions and ritual. Many Wetu Lime’s followers enjoy their religious conceptions and rituals without leaving several Wetu Telu traditions and without being afraid of falling into polytheism for a main reason that what they do is one means of manfesting Islamic universal values in local traditions and having no intention to be polytheist. This study shows that looking for the meaning behind the conception or observed ritual is an essential thing in diverse internal religious belief to spread peace in which theology needs to be accompanied by other perspective.

  11. Cultivating Cultural Education Values of Islam Nusantara in MA (Islamic Senior High School Ali Maksum Krapyak

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    Sembodo Ardi Widodo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to determine the cultural education values of Islam Nusantara atIslamic Senior High School of Ali Maksum Krapyak Yogyakarta and how those values are taught through education. This researchuses qualitative approach by usingdata collection technique through observation, interviews, and documentation. The process of analysis data used is qualitative. The results of this study show that Islam Nusantara is an Islamic style of Indonesia, a combination of Islamic theological values with the local traditions, culture and customs. There are three pillars in Islam Nusantara, there arethought, movement, and 'amaliyya (action and there are five signs of Islam Nusantara, namely reform (ishlahiyyah, tawazuniyyah, tathawwu'iyyah, akhlaqiyyah (politeness, and tasamuh;The cultural education values of Islam Nusantara in MA Ali Maksum is the value of nationalism, diversity (pluralism, and the value of NU (tasamuh, tawazun, tawasuth; The madrasah activities consist ofMuludan, grave pilgrimage, halal bi halal, Muharroman, haul of the founder (dies natalis, competitions reading kitab kuning(yellow books, etc., that those are the typical product of Islam Nusantara.

  12. ISLAM DAN PELESTARIAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP: Menggagas Pendidikan Islam Berwawasan Lingkungan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siswanto Siswanto

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstracFrom theological view, human must be able to appreciate the environment. Religious ethics toward nature takes mankind to be responsible so that they can avoid the damage. In other words, to trash the environments means to destroy the human themselves. On the basis of this context, religious-education institution is expected to prove the graduates with a standard commitment to conserve the ecology . Establishing “Green Madrasah” becomes one of efforts that must be obtained. It is an education model that can transform religious-moral values into each aspect of socio-economic development. This has also been a mode of education which functionalize human as leader, ruler, and maintainer of nature and environmentKata-kata kunciIslam, pendidikan agama, lingkungan hidup, khalifah, madrasah hijau

  13. ISLAM JAWA IN DIASPORA AND QUESTIONS ON LOCALITY

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    Maftukhin Maftukhin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the translocal Islam Jawa (Javanese Islam that characterises the deterritorialisation of culture through space and time. Contrary to mainstream approaches to Islam Jawa that tends substantially picture Islam and Muslim in Java as a mere “localised form of Islam”, it sees Islam Jawa as a “translocal” practices. In addition, it sees that the idea of Islam Jawa travels, deterritorialises, and reterritorialises in different times and places. Therefore, what is imagined by scholars as “local Islam” is not local in traditional and geographical senses because Islam Jawa is formed, shaped and influenced by the mobility, entanglement, connectivity across oceans, regions, and borders. The Islam Jawa also travels to a different place, transcending the modern limits of nation-states' boundaries. Islam Jawa is a product and a consequence of the efforts to establish between “imagined” spatial and temporal congruence.

  14. THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDONESIAN ISLAMIC LAW: A Historical Overview

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    Ahmad Yasa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Law is a set of promoted regulations adjusting human relationship to the Creator, human being and the environment based on Islamic doctrines. The Islamic Law has been established in Indonesia and effectively implemented in Indonesian Religious Court based on Law Number 7 of 1989. The law covers the areas of marriage, inheritance, will, bequest, benefaction and alms. In addition, especially in Aceh, with its peculiar feature, Islamic Law has been applied normatively, and in several areas it has been applied based on Local Regulations. However to perform the Islamic Law, it depends on faith and piety of the members of Islam. Thereby, although the formal law in juridical manner of Islamic Law in Indonesia was justly applied in limited civil law, however the Muslim society have stepped forward in applying Islamic Law in various Islamic social institutions.

  15. INDONESIAN ISLAMIC EDUCATION: TOWARDS SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT

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    Handoko Ja'far

    2015-12-01

    Pendidikan -sebagai akar peradaban- memiliki peran penting dalam menyiapkan sumber daya manusia menghadapi perkembangan ilmu. Saat ini, sikap umat Islam terbelah menjadi dua: menolak dan menerima perkembangan ilmu. Kedua sikap ini perlu ditengahi secara bijaksana. Caranya, merasa tidak terbebani dalam menghadapi sains modern dengan memberikan apresiasi dan menerapkannya secara benar. Di samping itu, dengan cara belajar dari sejarah perkembangan ilmu di masa kejayaan Islam. Artikel ini berusaha menegaskan bahwa ilmu penge­tahu­an sebagai buah dari pendidikan, tidak hanya menjadi representasi peradaban tetapi juga mampu menunjukkan tingginya nilai peradaban. Di Indonesia, gagasan untuk merekonstruksi model pendidikan Islam menguat seiring dengan per­kembangan pendidikan modern. Dengan demikian, meskipun pengetahuan klasik merupakan warisan, namun perlu dilakukan transformasi ilmu yang selaras dengan dunia modern. Perubahan merupakan hal yang tidak dapat dihindari oleh lembaga pendidikan Islam.

  16. Pendidikan Tinggi Islam dan Pengembangan Entrepreneuer Skill

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    Muhammad Muhammad

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education has three related foundations. One of the intended foundations is education and teaching. Without leaving aside other two foundations (research and dedication to the society, education is the important element that becomes the instrument of potential development of human resources that have competitive superiority. Two kinds of these superiorities (added by collaborative and spiritual superiority become “condition sine qua non” that has to be developed by Islamic education world, so that its existence will not be the “ivory tower”. The knowledge expansion from normative way to the development of business skill which stands on religious values as “added value” that becomes a must in the middle of crowded global economic. The objectives of this article are to explain the basic economic concept which is built on the foundation and religious value (Read: Islamic Economy, entrepreneurship character building and the role of Islamic University.

  17. Cybercrime and the Law: An Islamic View

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    Mansoor Al-A'ali

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available E-crime today presents one of the major challenges to law enforcement. Information technology is facing waves of laws guarding the interest of people using the Web technology. These laws were derived from the common laws and legislations applied in general crimes. With over one billion Muslims in this world, several calls were raised in the Islamic countries to establish a law suitable to handle computer crimes which matches the Islamic Shar'iah law. In this research, we have analyzed the 'Adellah' (الأدلة (Shar'iah Evidences of Quran, Hadith and Imams sayings to verify the outlook of Islam in computer crime. We propose an introductory computer crime law from an Islamic point of view which we believe will initiate further research in this important field.

  18. Features of Islamic Health-Treatment Doctrine

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    Ali Reza Alinouri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Islam has particular style and doctrine about health and treatment that makes it different from other treatment methods. The aim of this article is studying the principles and methods of Islamic health treatment and the attitudes of this religion toward appearance of disease caused by material or immaterial factors. This article is review type and it is presented by descriptive analysis method from religious sources. Islam is a religion which is oriented towards health with health-treatment features, priority of prevention over treatment by reforming nutritional principles, tolerance of disease and avoidance of taking medicine if the disease is not sever, paying attention to spiritual causes of illness in addition to physical factors and necessity of treatment as a Divine Will and avoidance of treatment by Haraam because God has not placed healing in Haraam. These features have made Islamic health - treatment doctrine as unique.

  19. Menimbang Gagasan Bryan S. Turner tentang Islam

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    Imam Turmudi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the study of Islam by an orientalist, Bryan S. Turner. This study aimed to: first, to uncover the things that underlie the history of thought and movement of Orientalism. Second, to determine the thought Bryan S. Turner about Islam, which is specifically intended as a corrective to the thesis produced by Max Weber about his interpretation of Islam. The results of the study reveal that historically Orientalism, or the oriental studies movement emerged in the 18th century. This movement is often associated as a movement that pretend to control and weaken the East, especially Islam. It is not without basis, since the emergence of Orientalism has led to intellectual arrogance by claiming the West as a measure of civilization, because the East presented only in accordance with the construction used by the West. Keywords: Orientalism, Orient, West, civilization.

  20. Pemikiran Abdurrahman Wahid tentang Pribumisasi Islam

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    Ainul Fitriah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the thought of “indigenization of Islam” of Abdurrahman Wahid’s. Indigenization of Islam is how the normative teachings of Islam as derived from God and it can be accommodated into the culture derived from human without losing its identity, respectively. As to Abdurrahmad Wahid or Gus Dur, Arabism (or process identifies with the Middle Eastern culture would deprive us of his own cultural roots. More than that, Arabism is not suitable. Indigenization is not an effort to avoid the emergence of resistance of the power of local cultures, but instead that culture is not lost. The core of indigenization of Islam (Islamic natives is not a necessity to avoid pillarization between religion and culture, because such polarization is not inevitable.

  1. Willingness to Open Islamic Gold Investment Accounts

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hanudin Amin

    2016-01-01

    .... This study extends the applicability of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) to Islamic gold investment accounts and includes three additional factors namely perceived financial benefit, consumer religiosity and consumer information...

  2. Pendidikan Agama Islam Inklusif-Multikultural

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    Mahmud Arif

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam is as a universal religion, as a religion for humanity (all humankind, or as a religion for the entire world because of its’ mission as rahmatan li al-’alamin. To realize such mission in Indonesian context, education activity is aimed to raise up a multicultural wisdom and global awareness of the pupils, so in next time they will be able to contribute in preservation of heterogenity and to develop it for attaining a prosperious life, besides to face globalization current appropiately. In this case, islamic education has a duty in transfering inclusive-multiculturalism Islamic teachings to students so that they are able to appreciate global values ofIslam, like inclusivism, humanism, tolerance, and democracy.

  3. THE TAQNIN OF INDONESIAN ISLAMIC LAW DYNAMIC

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    M. Noor Harisudin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Taqnin with the meaning of legislation on Islamic aspects actually has been a long story in Indonesia. It can be traced in Islamic courts in the archipelago. In the colonial era, the Dutch once accommodated certain aspects of Islamic law, until they decided to limit it. It especially can be seen in the institution of religious court. After the independence, the taqnin was reintroduced. It can be seen from the Piagam Jakarta (Jakarta Charter which included the statement of “Belief in God Almighty by following the sharia for its adherents”. However, this statement was edited to accommodate the aspiration of non-Muslims and the nationalists. In the following periods, legislation of certain aspects of Islam gained momentum in the late period of the New Order after Suharto sought political supports from Muslims. In the reformation era, the democratic atmosphere has opened a wider space for the efforts of taqnin.

  4. Nationalism and Islamic Identity in Xinjiang

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    took root. As a result of their unique experience , the character of these people is distinct from all other Muslims in the world. Radical Islam has...1997), 217. 9. Gladney, 363. 10. Hodong Kim, Holy War in China ( Standford : Stanford University Press, 2004), 179. 5 More recently, Bovingdon...understanding the balance between nationalism and Islamic identity. Identity is a melting pot of ideas, history, experience , desires, needs, and wants. How a

  5. The Middle Islamic and Crusader Periods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walmsley, Alan George

    2008-01-01

    The book chapter presents a critical review of the archaeology of Jordan in the middle Islamic periods (8th - 17th centuries CE), presenting a new evaluation of settlement and culture in the period, and assesses the errors of past appraoches.......The book chapter presents a critical review of the archaeology of Jordan in the middle Islamic periods (8th - 17th centuries CE), presenting a new evaluation of settlement and culture in the period, and assesses the errors of past appraoches....

  6. PEMIKIRAN EKONOMI ISLAM M. UMER CHAPRA

    OpenAIRE

    Anindya Aryu Inayati

    2013-01-01

    M. Umer Chapra’s thought in economics is a blend of traditional sciences, theology and modern economics sciences. His thinking is dominated by macro economic sector because he was widely occupied in the world economy. His thinking are including the concept of falah, hayyahtayyibah and Muslims economic challenges, monetary policy, the Islamic financial institutions which is concerned to the central bank and its policies, and the concept of welfare states according to Islam. Like...

  7. PERBANDINGAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Haryanto, Budi

    2016-01-01

    Islamic education as a subsystem which cannot be separated from national education, because it not only serves as a complement but also as the foundation stone for the formulation of national education goals. This is true in Indonesia and Malaysia. Islamic education in both countries, also affected the national struggle journey, to the efforts to maintain and develop its existence after the independence so as to have a clear role in mental strengthen human resources in their respective countr...

  8. PREMARITAL SCREENING TESTS: AN ISLAMIC VIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Shammout

    2017-01-01

    Despite the wide spread of many diseases, advancements in genetic engineering have led to considerable improvements in diagnosing these diseases. Therefore, pressure on prospective spouses to undergo premarital medical exams has increased significantly. Many Islamic countries have responded to this emerging need by making some premarital screening tests compulsory for a marriage. The adoption of these policies comes from the core message of Islam, which encourages counselling to p...

  9. KONVERGENSI ISLAM DAN SAINS DALAM PERSPEKTIF FILSAFAT

    OpenAIRE

    Fatkhul Muin

    2015-01-01

    The Convergence of Islam and Science in the Perspective of Philosophy.This essay attempts to reveal the relationship between Islam and science in the perspective of philosophy. By utilizing doctrinal literature studies approach, this writing discusses theories that determine the essence of truth in the realm of philosophy, namely realism and idealism theories. According to the author, the debate on such theories would not terminate in what became the basis for determining the truth of knowled...

  10. Islamic Extremism in the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    the larger world religion , which works in concord with the principles, values and interests of democratic countries. This is typical for Islamic...follows: Czech (9.6 million); Slovak (193,000); Roma 6 (200,000); Silesian (11,000); Polish (52,000); German (39,000); Ukrainian (22,000); and...followers cannot be determined accurately because the numbers are constantly fluctuating and Islam is designated by the category “other religions ” in the

  11. MONOPOLI DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dede Abdul Fatah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Monopoly in Islamic economic perspective means withholding or hoarding goods on purpose, especially in times of scarcity, with the goal of raising the price at a later date in order to obtain greater profits. Monopolistic practices is a type of violation will result in mu‘âmalah because market mechanisms disrupted,so that producers will get a big profit (monopolistic rent, while the consumer due to the accumulation of actions will suffer and get loss. Therefore, this monopoly will bring people in general harmed by the act of a small group of monopolists very unjust, selfish and irresponsible.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2546

  12. Islam, Globalization, and Poverty Alleviation

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    Dwi Sulastyawati

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Globalisasi adalah keadaan dan situasi yang menglobal, baik secara ekonomi, politik, dan sosial. Semua negara yang menganut sistem perekonomian terbuka telah berperan serta dalam sistem globalisasi. Saat ini dunia berada di bawah pengaruh super power dunia. Misalnya adalah penggunaan dolar sebagai mata uang resmi untuk transaksi internasional sehingga dolar mendominasi dalam transaksi international. Akibatnya, nilai utang negara-negara berkembang mengalami kenaikan disebabkan kenaikan harga dolar. Kenaikan nilaiutang negara-negara berkembang menyebabkan pemerintah mengurangi subsidi bagi masyarakat, sehingga kesulitan ekonomi makin dirasakan rakyat kecil. Hal ini berakibat kemiskinan sulit dihilangkan. Artikel ini menganalisis perspektif Islam dan pelbagai pemikiran mengenai dampak globalisasi terhadap penghapusan tingkat kemiskinanDOI: 10.15408/aiq.v5i2.2570

  13. Conventional Leasing vs Islamic Leasing

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    Violeta ISAI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Leasing developed in time, from the simple form of renting to the modern modality of financial from nowadays, as an alternative for loan. It is present in the entire world, being used both by the financial specialized companies and banks, and the clients are companies and population. The object of leasing contract can be assets and also services, which are rented by the financier (lessor, on definite period, to the client (lessee, in exchange for a leasing rate (rent. The registering in accounting and the fiscal implications in the companies financial administration are different, according to the leasing form which they are using. The capitalist system has in view to obtain profit from renting, but the Islamic System, based on Șaria, forbids renting “haram” assets and services, obtaining interest from renting and using the leasing contract for the transfer of the property.

  14. Perspektif Epistemologis Teologi Islam Liberal

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    Halid Al-Kaf

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Religious liberalism in Islamic context has many possible meanings: first, the development of rational thought and attitude; second, the freedom to interpret religious texts; third, the belief that all religions encourage virtue and support the universal values of humanity; fourth, strengthening the separation thing what is profane (worldly from the sacred (religious. The article aims to analyze some of the terms relating to the Liberal Islamic theology, that is: religious liberalism, secularism, secularization, and pluralism. In the aspect of religious texts interpretation, Islamic liberalism has at least three characteristics: first, patterned substantive, that is to understand the religious teachings are not limited to the scriptural reason (text but rather on finding a more substantial meaning behind the text. Second, patterned contextual, i.e. to interpret religious texts on a variety of contexts. Third, patterned rational, i.e. to interpret religious teachings based on the reasoning/logic of healthy and humanitarian objective.

  15. Active Center of Islamic Dialogue Civilizations

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    Ebrahim Moghimi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available It is obvious that an essay have introduced about Dialogue Civilizations, at first must be start with a definition about it. Obviously, this simple definition is almost difficult. Defining of Dialogue Civilizations is complex and difficult as far as it need to a vast range of definitions. In this essay will argue that how ever definition of Dialogue Civilization is different, can only seek as specific of intemporall and special situations that are in real-life. As well as this essay emphasize to practice of environmental (realm in Islamic countries. The philosophy of this essay is that, what is the share of Islamic environments with regard to looking at Civilizations special phenomena. The first attitude is that Islamic civilization includes different spaces around the globe. The second attitude is that Islamic Civilization includes developing of other Civilizations realm. The third is that in the realm of Islamic Civilization live different human life and this is an important starting point for Cultural Dialogue in the Islamic countries together. The fourth is that, there are expanding (space, population, political systems, organs and economic is different, that we will describe them in this essay.

  16. Islam and Homosexuality: confrontation or paradox?

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    Leila El Houssi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Is Islam "homophobic"? Or is it the "western" point of view that describes Islam as a homophobic religion and Islamic societies as a monolithic reality? Exploring these questions, the author reveals the complexity that exists in the contemporary debate on Islam and homosexuality. While noting that in general Muslim countries defer to the Sharia and the Koran, the essay uses the authoritative voices of historians, commentators and writers - including Tariq Ramadan, Abdelwahab Boudiba, Anna Vanzan Jolanda Guardi, Al-Aswani and Serena Tolino - who invite us to reflect on the different interpretations that fuel the contemporary debate. It’s a debate strongly influenced by the versatility of the Muslim world, seeing that different countries have developed different strategies, both on the legal and social fronts. Starting with the religious sphere, the essay analyzes verses from the Koran to reveal that the Muslim world has not been sheltered from an awareness of homosexuality as a psychological category. The evolution of the issue is then seen in the Islamic literary and poetic tradition with this work addressing multiple narratives from various perspectives according to the historical context.  This debate, in contemporary times, is at the heart of respect for human rights. In fact homosexuality, along with other matters, and the relationship between the Muslim world and the modern human rights paradigm remains an open question, despite the activism of the transnational LGBTQI movement and individuals in the Islam diaspora.

  17. Communication Dialectics, Islam, and Sundanese Culture

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    Ujang Saefullah

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Customary societies of Kampung Dukuh is community tightly maintaining their tradition up to the present. It appeared on their life routine beginning from the way of having intercourse, the custom of consuming, the kind of living, the system of leadership until the construction model of stage house constructed from bamboo with palm fiber for the roof. This study aimed to analyze: 1 language dialectic, communication and Sundanese culture at customary society of Kampung Dukuh 2 communication dialectic and tradition of Islam at customary society of Kampung Dukuh 3 Dialectic of Islam tradition and Sundanese culture at customary society of Kampung Dukuh. The method of this research is Ethnography of Communication with qualitative approach. The techniques of data collection are profound interview, participatory observation and documentation research. The results are 1 communication dialectic Sundanese culture lasted in total dialectic manner and indicated relation of dependence each other 2 communication dialectic and tradition of Islam prevailed in total dialectic way, and possessed dependence, affirmed as well as strengthen each other 3 tradition dialectic of Islam and Sundanese culture were divided into two categories namely 1 dialectic of Islam value and culture norm run in total dialectic manner and owned dependence each other 2 dialectic of Islam faith and myths lasted in contradictory way or be in conflict among two different extremes.

  18. Pendidikan Agama Islam Sebagai Pencegah Juvenile Delinquency

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    Yuli Choirul Umah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The challenges of Islamic education in the era of globalization are getting stronger now. It’s visible clearly changes happening so fast. The rapid of globalization is not only affect for adults, but also children, adolescents. A problem that often arises in the community revolves around the problems of Juvenile (teenagers, education and social community. Because adolescence is known as self-identity searching, so teens that can fulfill their role will have a positive impact, such as children understand their responsibilities better, and if they cannot, then there will emerge the exact opposite behavior that occurs an aberration or delinquency (juvenile delinquency. The existence of juvenile delinquency at this time also affect increasing in crime or criminal behavior in community. Juvenile delinquency can destroy moral values, the noble values ​​of religion, and the various aspects of the subject matter contained therein. Understanding, deepening, and adherence to the teachings of religion, especially Islamic education is required by the juvenile. Because Islamic education is a systematic effort by educators and adults to students both physical and spiritual by Islamic law to led the formation of personality according to the standard of Islam. Because in fact the children or adolescents who commit delinquency or crime mostly less understand the norms of Islam, perhaps they are negligent in fulfill the commandments of religion.

  19. PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM SEBAGAI PENCEGAH JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Choirul Umah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The challenges of Islamic education in the era of globalization are getting stronger now. It’s visible clearly changes happening so fast. The rapid of globalization is not only affect for adults, but also children, adolescents. A problem that often arises in the community revolves around the problems of Juvenile (teenagers, education and social community. Because adolescence is known as self-identity searching, so teens that can fulfill their role will have a positive impact, such as children understand their responsibilities better, and if they cannot, then there will emerge the exact opposite behavior that occurs an aberration or delinquency (juvenile delinquency. The existence of juvenile delinquency at this time also affect increasing in crime or criminal behavior in community. Juvenile delinquency can destroy moral values, the noble values of religion, and the various aspects of the subject matter contained therein. Understanding, deepening, and adherence to the teachings of religion, especially Islamic education is required by the juvenile. Because Islamic education is a systematic effort by educators and adults to students both physical and spiritual by Islamic law to led the formation of personality according to the standard of Islam. Because in fact the children or adolescents who commit delinquency or crime mostly less understand the norms of Islam, perhaps they are negligent in fulfill the commandments of religion.

  20. Islamic electronic trading platform on organized exchange

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    Ahmet Suayb Gundogdu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Today Islamic finance industry is under severe criticism, particularly, concerning liquidity management practices of treasury departments. Since cash lending is not possible under Islamic Shari'ah, Islamic banks tend to use securitized asset related schemes which are by no means neither acceptable under Islamic finance jurisprudence nor compliant with Maqasiq Al-Shari'ah. Maqasid Al-Shariah oversees economic activities which produce wealth and prosperity for all members of society to empower any member with certain level of belongings to bestow freedom while condemning inequality. Under this wider aim of Maqasid Al-Shari'ah, this paper presents alternative state-of-art Shari'ah compliant products, which is used in international trade finance, to be migrated to electronic trading platform under organized exchange in pursuit of replacing controversial liquidity management products. Besides, this paper introduces Islamic Commodity Future Contract, derived from asset backed Murabaha, with physical delivery as an alternative liquidity management tool for Islamic FIs and hedging tool for companies.

  1. Islamic finance: more expectations and less disappointment

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    Fayaz Ahmad Lone

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Islamic finance: more expectations and less disappointment Released On Friday, 31 March 2017 Author(s Fayaz Ahmad Lone\t, Siraj Ahmad DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/imfi.14(1.2017.14 Article Info Volume 14 2017, Issue #1, pp. 134-141 TO CITE АНОТАЦІЯ 141 Views 424 Downloads Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License Islamic finance has faced a two-fold criticism from scholars; viz. constructive criticism and destructive criticism. Majority of the scholars criticize it with the intention to improve its overall development, but some scholars are more negative in their criticism. This paper proposes that Islamic banks (a component of Islamic finance are not charitable institutions, but are the intermediary institutions that take care of investors’ expectations to keep the time value and return to their investments intact with the market fluctuations. The purpose of this paper is to provide better insight about Islamic finance so as to further improve this industry to achieve its long term goals and serve the society better. The paper also attempts to answer some of the common allegations imposed by scholars towards Islamic finance.

  2. Pengaruh Orientalis terhadap Liberalisasi Pemikiran Islam

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    Abbas Mansur Tammam

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The liberalization of Islamic thought, which is considered and proclaimed as “renewal of Islamic thought,” did not come from the core concepts of Islam, it came from the outside of Islamic concepts (read: Western. Initially, the Western-Christian liberalism is an extension of the sophism, with ever implicated in Greece. Among the important figures is Heraclitus, Democritos and Protagoras. Although they received fierce opposition from Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, but liberalism got a new fresh air in the heyday of the Roman. This sophism trend, later gave birth to the relativism of truth, which is also the spirit of liberalism itself. Worse, liberalism was brought to Islam, the emergence of which can be traced to the Arabian Peninsula, Albania, and Syria. While in Egypt, Sultan Abdul Hamid II gave a note that a few Egyptian stunned with Western ideas, taking liberalism as a way of salvation. By using justifications of Qur’anic verses and hadiths, interpreted unilaterally, the liberalist thought was a tajdid to Islamic thought. The spirit (power of liberalism is in the distribution process of using old methods, that is the tradition of orientalism, misionarism, and imperialism. The basis of liberalist support can be traced to some of the states concerned with it, such as the United States, Britain and France. Finally, this simple article will briefly try to uncover how this all happened.

  3. Islam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Jens-Peter Noes

    2016-01-01

    Bag historisk og kulturelt variable og skiftende fremtrædelsesformer består afgørende eksistentielle grundvilkår og grundtræk. Den filosofiske, teologiske, religiøse og kunstneriske tradition kan kaste lys over og bevidstgøre om disse grundvilkår og disse grundtræks tilsynekomster under nye histo...

  4. KORELASI ANTARA BIMBINGAN KONSELING ISLAM DAN DAKWAH

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    Marzuki Agung Prasetya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Dakwah merupakan kegiatan untuk menyeru, memanggil dan mengajak orang lain menuju jalan yang diridhai Allah. Bimbingan dan Konseling Islam merupakan cabang dalam rumpun ilmu-ilmu sosial yang mulai dikembangkan sebagai disiplin ilmu yang mandiri. Keberadaan aktifitas bimbingan dan konseling Islam tersebut didasarkan pada kenyataan bahwa dalam menghadapi dan menyelesaikan masalah, ada individu yang mampu menyelesaikan sendiri, namun ada juga yang membutuhkan bantuan pihak lain. Dalam prakteknya bimbingan konseling akan mengacu pada beberapa pendekatan, diantaranya: pendekatan behavioristik, psikodinamika, eklektik, psikoanalisa dan eksistensial humanistik. Pendekatan tersebut dipilih berdasarkan kondisi klien, masalah yang dihadapi, kemampuan konselor selaku pihak yang memberikan bimbingan maupun kondisi dan situasi pada saat bimbingan konseling berlangsung. Menurut Hamdan Bakran ad-Dzaky, bimbingan konseling Islam merupakan suatu aktifitas memberikan bimbingan, pelajaran,dan pedoman kepada individu yang meminta bimbingan (klien dalam hal bagaimana seharusnya dirinya dapat mengembangkan akal dan pikirannya, jiwanya, keimanannya dan keyakinannya, serta dapat menanggulangi problematika hidup dengan baik dan benar sacara mandiri, yang berparadigma kepada Al-Quran dan as-Sunnah Rasulullah saw. Proses pelaksanaan bimbingan konseling Islam mengacu pada prinsip- prinsip etika berdakwah dalam Islam, yakni bi al-hikmah, al-mauidhah hasanah, dan al-mujadalah bi al-lati hiya ahsan. Tulisan ini melihat relasi antara bimbingan konseling Islam dan dakwah, sehingga dapat diketahui bagaimana hubungan yang terjalin antara keduanya. Kata Kunci: Dakwah, Bimbingan, Konseling Islam. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ISLAMIC COUNSELING GUIDANCE AND DAWA. Dawa is an activity to call and invite others towards the path of Allah. Islamic Guidance and Counselling is a branch of social sciences which began to be developed as an independent discipline. The existence of the Islamic

  5. Analysis on Culture of Hinduism from the Epic Ramayana%析史诗《罗摩衍那》所反映的印度教文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗乐

    2016-01-01

    印度,一个神秘而浪漫的国度。它既是许多杰出文学作品的诞生地,亦是世界宗教的博物馆。从众多印度文学作品之中,我们可以感受到印度宗教文化与文学的紧密结合。而在印度公元前后时期,伟大的史诗《罗摩衍那》诞生。这本“印度教的圣典”,充分体现了印度文学与宗教文化的高度融合。%India,a mysterious and romantic country,is the birthplace of many outstanding literary works and the museum of religions all over the world.From the numerous literary works of India,we can feel the close connection of religious culture and literature.Around the Christian era,the great epic “The Ramayana”was born.This Hindu scripture fully reflects the greatest mixture of India literature and religious culture.Therefore,this paper will take “The Ramayana”as an example and combine with the specific text to analysis the culture of Hinduism it represents.

  6. The Political Impact of Islam in Sudan: Numayri’s Islamization Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    NUMAYRI’S .ISLAM! ZATION PROGRAM. Research Study Prepared for Department of State, INR/LAR Order Number 1722-420140 by John Obert Vail University of New...Discussion Paper Series, No. 4. Montreal: McGill University, Centre for Developing-Area Studies. __1983b. "The Evolution of Islamic Fundamentalism in

  7. Islamic Modernists and Discourse on Reason as a Reconciliatory Argument between Islam and the Western Enlightenment

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    ASMAHAN SALLAH

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the debates on the relationship between Islam and reason during the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It argues that these debates were transnational but were largely influenced by similar debates in the Western tradition. It also affirms that modernists used discourse on reason to reconcile Islam with Western Enlightenment. The article illustrates the various mechanisms which Islamic modernists implemented to facilitate such reconciliation. These mechanisms include rationalization of miracles, contesting the concept of prophethood, and rejecting the scholarship of Islamic jurisprudence and theology. Based on writings by several Islamic modernists, such as their biographies of Prophet Muhammad, Quran commentaries, and magazine articles in different Islamic countries, I ascribe these mechanisms to a gap between logic and experimental thought, a gap which seeped into the mind of Islamic modernists under the influence of Western contemporary thinkers. While this discourse claims compatibility between Islam and Western Enlightenment, it also resists the binary of the sacred and the secular, a major legacy of the Western Enlightenment.

  8. A Genealogy of Moderate Islam: Governmentality and Discourses of Islam in Indonesia’s Foreign Policy

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    Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the political construction of ‘Moderate Islam Discourse’ in contemporary Indonesian Foreign Policy. Since 2004, the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has campaigned for ‘Moderate Islam’ as the main image of Indonesian Islam. Within this discourse, Islam is conceived as ‘moderate’ and ‘tolerant’ as well as inherently compatible with democracy. However, in a more critical perspective, ‘Moderate Islam’’ also contains a political and discursive construction. By using a genealogical approach, I argue that the articulation Islam in Indonesia’s foreign policy is influenced by the ideological underpinnings of each political regime as well as the hegemonic discourse operating in international politics. Furthermore, I argue that there have been three discourses of Islam in Indonesia’s foreign policy, as articulated by different political regimes, namely (1 Islam as religious identity; (2 Moderate Islam from below; and (3 Moderate Islam as a part of the Global War on Terror project.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v23i3.3157

  9. Reading Popular Islamic Literature: Continuity And Change In Indonesian Literature

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    Mohammad Rokib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, literature on Islamic themes has become increasingly popular in Indonesia. It is commonly categorized as Islamic literature identified by Islamic texts and symbols on the book cover and its content. The literary works have been popular as reflected in the record sales figures. Previously, some literary works dealing with Islamic themes failed to gain public attention. Interestingly, those works are not mentioned by people as Islamic literature. This paper aims to discuss some questions on why are some literary works on Islamic theme mentioned as Islamic while others are not? Is there Islamic literature within Indonesian literature? What are the differences between Islamic literature and kitab literature (sastra kitab written by Muslim scholars in the Malay world? By exploring the social context of reader responses toward selected literary works on Islam, this study reveals that the label of Islamic literature is created to confront opposite themes in Indonesian literature. The term Islamic literature remains a problematic and debatable issue related to literature based on Islamic themes in both old and modern Indonesian literature.

  10. Scrutinizing The Epistemology of Islamic Economics: A Historical Analysis

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    Nurizal Ismail

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The first International Conference on Islamic Economics was held in Makkah, in 1976. Economists, jurists and scholars met together to discuss issues of Muslim ummah. However, there was many books written related to Islamic economics in the history of Islamic civilization, especially in the period of Abbasid caliphate. The fact, development of knowledge in Islamic medieval had established the epistemology of Islamic economics itself. Moreover, the epistemology is a study of the theory of knowledge, the source of knowledge, the application of knowledge and limitation of knowledge. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the contribution of earlier Muslim thinkers to the source of Islamic economics and to identify the epistemology of Islamic economics as proposed by the Muslim thinkers in medieval period. As a result, this paper will propose the epistemology of Islamic economics by integrating Islamic heritage and modern economics that is not conflict with Islamic principles and values. To achieve its objectives; this study employs qualitative research by applying content and descriptive analysis. The finding of this study is that the earlier Muslim thinkers have contributed to the construction of epistemology in Islamic economics. Then, to construct the genuine of Islamic economics, tawhid must be put as a core of Islamic economic epistemology that directs the sources of knowledge which are rooted firstly from revealed and then rational knowledge by using appropriate methods.

  11. Does Islamic Banking Contribute to Economic Development? Evidence from Malaysia

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    Hafas Furqani

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Does Islamic banking contribute to the economic development of a country? In what way Islamic banking contribute to the economic development? Are the main question might be asked to examine the viability of Islamic banking to the economic development. This paper attempts to answer those questions by examining the dynamic interactions between Islamic banking and economic development of Malaysia by employing the Cointegration test and Vector Error Model (VECM to see whether the Islamic financial system contributes to the economic development and economic development that contribute to the transformation of the operation of the Islamic financial system in the longrun. We use time series data of total Islamic bank financing (IB financing and real GDP per capita (RGDP, fixed investment (GFCF, and trade activities (TRADE to represent real economic sectors. We found that in the short-run only fixed investment that granger cause Islamic bank to develop for 1997:1-2005:4. Where as in the long-run, there is evidence of a bidirectional relationship between Islamic bank and fixed investment and there is evidence to support ‘demand following’ hypothesis of GDP and Islamic bank, where increase in GDP causes Islamic banking to develop and not vice versa. Islamic banking is also found to have less contribution to the international trade in the form of export and import of goods and services.Keywords: Islamic banking, economic growth, Malaysia, VECM

  12. Sekolah Islam Terpadu; Filsafat, Ideologi, dan Tren Baru Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia

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    Suyatno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Toward the 21st century, there is an interesting change in the trend ofeducation (read Islamic education in Indonesia . The dominance of educational institutions that consists of “Pesantren”,“Madrasah”, and Schools become different. It is based on the phenomenon that there is Integrated Islamic Schools in this country. The educational institutions,whicht have been spread to all parts of Indonesia, were established by some mosque activists at the ITB and UI campuses. The very rapid development of this school indicates that the Integrated Islamic School becomes the new trend of Islamic education in Indonesia. In this school, it is emphasized on the education ofreligious moral values and the excellent modern education nowadays. This kind of Integrated Islamic School has also proved a new style of the middle reislamization class of Indonesian Muslims

  13. Sekolah Islam terpadu; Filsafat, ideologi, dan tren baru pendidikan Islam di Indonesia

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    Suyatno

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Toward the 21st century, there is an interesting change in the trend of education (read Islamic education in Indonesia . The dominance of educational institutions that consists of “Pesantren”,“Madrasah”, and Schools become different. It is based on the phenomenon that there is Integrated Islamic Schools in this country. The educational institutions,whicht have been spread to all parts of Indonesia, were established by some mosque activists at the ITB and UI campuses. The very rapid development of this school indicates that the Integrated Islamic School becomes the new trend of Islamic education in Indonesia. In this school, it is emphasized on the education of religious moral values and the excellent modern education nowadays. This kind of Integrated Islamic School has also proved a new style of the middle reislamization class of Indonesian Muslims.

  14. HUBUNGAN ETNIK DI MALAYSIA DARI PERSPEKTIF ISLAM (ETHNIC RELATIONS IN MALAYSIA FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

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    Ahmad Hidayat Buang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Islam adalah satu agama yang lengkap merangkumi segenap aktiviti kehidupan manusia. Ajaran Islam bukan hanya menganjurkan umatnya berbuat baik sesama Islam tetapi juga antara bukan Islam. Orang bukan Islam mempunyai hak yang tertentu dan dilindungi selagi tidak memerangi Islam. Dalam hubungan antara orang Islam dan orang bukan Islam, Islam telah menetapkan peraturan tertentu yang mesti dipatuhi. Hal ini jelas sepertimana dalam Surah al-Hujurat ayat 13 yang mengiktiraf kepelbagaian etnik itu adalah sesuatu yang lumrah dan kepelbagaian itu bukan untuk berkonflik tetapi saling mengenali antara satu dengan lain. Justeru, artikel ini akan membincangkan pandangan Islam terhadap hubungan etnik yang ditinjau dari sudut al-Quran, hadis nabi dan tokoh-tokoh Islam. Turut dibincangkan ialah prinsip kesamarataan dan keadilan dalam Islam dengan melihat situasi yang berlaku di Malaysia khususnya yang melibatkan kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu dalam Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Hasil perbincangan menunjukkan, kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu itu tidak bercanggah dengan prinsip keadilan dan kesamarataan dalam Islam berdasarkan empat hujah iaitu pertama, walaupun orang Melayu mendapat keistimewaan seperti yang termaktub dalam perlembagaan, namun ia bukan melalui rampasan harta orang bukan Melayu sebaliknya mendapatkannya dari tambahan kepada ekonomi keseluruhan. Kedua, pelaksanaan terhadap keistimewaan orang Melayu tidak menjejaskan kedudukan ekonomi, dan pendidikan serta politik orang bukan Melayu, malah dalam sektor ekonomi dan pendidikan, mereka lebih baik daripada orang Melayu. Ketiga, kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu adalah sesuatu yang telah wujud sebelum merdeka dan dimasukkan kembali apabila perlembagaan digubal. Keempat, ia adalah persetujuan yang telah dicapai melalui perundingan antara etnik.Islam is a complete way of life (din and encompasses all activities in life. Islam preaches to its followers to enjoin good not only towards fellow Muslims

  15. CONSERVATIVE ISLAM TURN OR POPULAR ISLAM? an Analysis of the Film Ayat-ayat Cinta

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    Lukman Hakim

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a film and cultural studies analysis of the Indonesian religious film Ayat-ayat Cinta. It examines the way in which the film represents Islam in the context of the globalisation of the media industry, the wider cultural transformation and religious context in Indonesia. This paper argues that the film Ayat-ayat Cinta represents “popular Islam”, which resulted from the interaction between the santri religious variants and the film industry, capitalism, market forces and popular culture in Indonesia. Santri religious variants in this film are rooted in traditionalist, fundamentalist, modernist, and liberal Islam in Indonesia, and those Islamic groups which have undergone a process of conformity with capitalism and popular culture. As a result, the representation of Islam in this film is pluralist, tolerant, and fashionable. Keywords: Ayat-ayat Cinta, popular Islam, santri, traditionalist, fundamentalist, modernist, cultural studies.

  16. ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN CIVILIZATION OF FASHION INDUSTRY: CLOTHES CONCEPT REFLECTION IN ISLAM

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    Ahmad Mustami

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the concept Apparel in Islamic education. This was currently a lot of variety of fashion in dress. Although the general function of clothes was a human genitalia cover and protect the body from the heat of the sun. However hijab at this time not just cover the nakedness, but rather as a fashion style that became a common thing now was infecting the womenfolk including Muslim. Ranging from clothes, pants, until hijab began in innovation so as to attract the eye. Although it is not yet represent the shape and fashion model/standard clothes, but felt able to express Islamic education in the dressing (hijab and a fashion model/Islamic clothing. Obviously keep on religious norms, ethical and moral teachings. Substance of clothing in Islam is polite in accordance with the values of Islamic Education.

  17. LANDASAN PSIKOLOGI DAN AKTUALISASINYA DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

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    Nur Ulwiyah

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan Islam memiliki peran strategis bagi pembentukan karakter peserta didik yang sangat dibutuhkannya dalam menjalani kehidupan sehari-hari, dimana dalam proses keberlangsungannya, pendidikan Islam berpijak pada nilai-nilai al-Qur’an dan Hadis. Dengan ini, pendidikan Islam merupakan pondasi penguat terhadap akhlak dan perilaku peserta didik. Namun demikian, pendidikan Islam masih perlu pula kontribusi disiplin ilmu lain sebagai faktor pendukung guna melangsungkan pendidikan secara konkret dan membumi. Salah satu disiplin ilmu itu adalah psikologi. Psikologi adalah disiplin ilmu yang mengkaji sekaligus melihat peserta didik dari sudut pandang psikis (jiwa, dimana aspek psikis harus menjadi pertimbangan para pendidik dalam proses pencapaian tujuan pendidikan. Di antara psikologi yang bisa dijadikan sebagai landasan pendidikan yaitu psikologi perkembangan, psikologi belajar, dan psikologi sosial. Pendidikan harus melihat kondisi psikologi individu dalam hal ini adalah peserta didik, utamanya dalam menyusun dan melaksanakan kurikulum sehingga tujuan pendidikan dapat tercapai secara optimal. Adapun dalam pendidikan Islam psikologi yang dijadikan sebagai acuan adalah psikologi yang berwawasan pada al-Qur’an dan Hadis. Dimana akhirnya menghasilkan output yang berorientasi ketuhanan, insan kamil bahagia di dunia dan akhirat.Islamic education a strategic role for the formation of the very character of learners needs through daily life, where in the process of its continuity, Islamic education based on the values of the Qur'an and al-Hadith. With this, Islamic education is the Foundation of the amplifier against akhlaq and behaviours learners. However, Islamic education still needs also contribute to other disciplines as the factor endowments in order to carry out the education concretely and grounded. One of the disciplines it is psychology. Psychology is a scientific discipline that examines while seeing learners from the perspective of a

  18. V.S. NAIPAUL AND ISLAM

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    Ahmet KAYINTU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study it is aimed to examine the views of V. S. Naipaul, one of the foremost Nobel prize winner of contemporary English and World literature, concerned with Islam and the Third World in a critical approach. In this case, his travelogues, particularly Among the Believers and Beyond Belief which contain his visits to Islamic countries and thus his views related to Islam and Muslims are the subjects of the study. As well as having reputation in contemporary world literature as a writer, he also has extremely important influence on the formation of the negative images attributed to Islam in Western world through his views which sparked controversy and significant debates in the World and brought about questioning the Nobel prize he won. However, this particular aspect of of the writer has not been the subject of much study in our country and even in academic circles. On the other hand, it is hoped that this humble study will a bit fill the current gap in understanding the current trends of the cultural, religious, political and sociological debates such as the West and the Islamic opposition, Islamophobia and clash of civilizations taking place continuously in national and international scale. The study is composed of introduction and seven sub-titles and parts. The first part includes the status of Naipaul in the Western and Eastern world together with the echo of the discussions caused by his views including the Nobel Prize. In the second part the causes of his transition to travel writing which he regarded as the best tool in conveying his opinions in spite of his fame as a novelist are examined. In the next section, Naipaul’s mood which at the beginning of his journey to visit the Islamic countries is seen to be influenced by negative thoughts and prejudices towards Islam and Muslims is discussed. In the fourth part, that Naipaul’s introducing himself as an exile and a transnational writer is revealed to be a manifestation of an

  19. TREND PEMIKIRAN ISLAM PROGRESIF (Telaah atas Pemikiran Abdullah Saeed

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    Anik Faridah

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Aksi Islam Progresif yang merupakan kelanjutan dan kepanjangan dari gerakan Islam Liberal, di sisi lain juga muncul sebagai bentuk ungkapan ketidakpuasan terhadap gerakan Islam Liberal yang lebih menekankan pada kitik-kritik internal terhadap pandangan dan prilaku umat Islam yang tidak atau kurang sesuai dengan nilai-nilai humanis. Abdullah Saeed menawarkan konsep pemahaman Islam melalui penguasaan khazanah Islam klasik (classical period yang cukup, dan berupaya menafsir ulang pemahaman agama (ijtihadi progresif dengan menggunakan perangkat metodologi ilmu-ilmu modern (sains, social sciences dan humanities agar dapat menjawab kebutuhan masyarakat muslim kontemporer. Dengan pendekatan dan pemahaman ajaran Islam yang progresif diharapkan Islam dapat diaplikasikan sebagai ajaran yang s}a>lih li kulli zama>n wa maka>n.

  20. The Need for the Islamization of Knowledge in Accounting

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    Jamaluddin Majid

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Need For The Islamization of Knowledge In Accounting. This article tries to analyze the term “Islamization of knowledge method through accountancy. The economic system and the foundation of philosophy its system may influence the accounting practice that Islamic worldview provides the original source of revelation in a Muslim society by using Islamic literally of being the adherents to Islam due to be vicegerents of god and providing accountability in all aspects. Islam as a way of life, covering all activities and economic activities as accounting as well are only small part of Islam, through Al Quran and Al Hadits. In terms of developing of Islamic accounting system that as social science and institution may provide a way to satisfy its social economic objective in order to meet the benefit in this world and hereafter.  DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v6i1.1366

  1. Marketing in the Emerging Markets of Islamic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marinov, Marin Alexandrov

    Among the limited publications on marketing in emerging markets this book focuses on regional specifics of Islamic Countries and the appropriate approaches for reaching their markets with effective and efficient marketing strategies. Marketing in the Emerging Markets of Islamic Countries...

  2. Marketing in the Emerging Markets of Islamic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marinov, Marin Alexandrov

    Among the limited publications on marketing in emerging markets this book focuses on regional specifics of Islamic Countries and the appropriate approaches for reaching their markets with effective and efficient marketing strategies. Marketing in the Emerging Markets of Islamic Countries...

  3. A Microeconomic Model of an Islamic Bank (Research Paper)

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, Habib

    2002-01-01

    The paper explains why Islamic banks choose relatively less risky fixed-income instruments and argues that the share of profit sharing instruments can be increased if Islamic financial institutions operate as investment intermediaries instead of liquidity providers.

  4. PENDEKATAN HUKUM ISLAM TERHADAP JIHAD DAN TERORISME

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    Lukman Arake

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:   There is a presumption of some circles of non-Muslims that Muslims are the spreader of terrors and terrorism throughout the world through the implementation of the concept of jihād. This assumption seemed to be justified the emerging terrorism cases involving Muslim actors, such as suicide bombings. This paper aims to clarify the issue by critically scrutinizing the true meaning of jihād rooted both in the holy book the al-Qur’an and sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad. Socio-historical approach is applied to better understand the holistic context of the meaning of jihād concept in both sources of Islamic teachings. The author concludes that the presumption is a misconception resulting from ignorance of certain parties about the true meaning of jihād in Islam. There is also a possibility that the misunderstanding is intentional, because the motives of abusing the dignity of Islamic teachings, especially about jihād.  Abstrak:  Pada sebagian kalangan non-muslim terdapat anggapan bahwa orang Islam adalah penyebar teror dan terorisme di seluruh dunia melalui implementasi konsep jihād. Anggapan itu seolah mendapatkan pembenaran dengan munculnya kasus-kasus terorisme yang melibatkan pelaku-pelaku muslim, seperti bom bunuh diri. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengklarifikasi masalah tersebut dengan cara menelisik secara kritis pemaknaan jihād yang sebenarnya baik yang termaktub dalam kitab suci al-Qur’an maupun sunnah Nabi Muhammad saw. Pendekatan sosial-historis diterapkan untuk lebih memahami konteks holistik bagi pemaknaan konsep jihad dalam dua sumber ajaran Islam itu. Penulis berkesimpulan bahwa anggapan tersebut adalah suatu kesalahpahaman akibat dari ketidaktahuan pihak-pihak tertentu tentang makna jihād yang sebenarnya dalam Islam. Tidak tertutup kemungkinan bahwa kesalahpahaman itu disengaja, karena adanya motif-motif untuk mencederai keluhuran ajaran Islam, khususnya tentang jihād.

  5. The advance of Islamism in Europe

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    Zoltán Kalmar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Según la tesis central del ensayo en 1989 y en los años siguientes los analizadores políticos concentraron en los cambios de régimen en Europa Oriental y sus efectos mundiales y no prestaron bastante atención al giro importante que tenía lugar desde 1989 en la relación entre los países de Europa Occidental y los inmigrantes muslímicos. La profecía famosa hecha en tiempo de descomposición de la Unión Sovietica por Francis Fukuyama que la democracia liberal será un ejemplo a seguir para el mundo no se realizó. Al mismo tiempo Europa en estos tiempos tenía que hacer cara a la presencia del islam en Europa Occidental y al efecto político del islam.Palabras clave: dinastía Pahlavi, Ruhollah Jomeini, revolución iraní, islamismo, Salman Rushdie, Los versos satánicos, fatwa, Islam en Europa________________________________Abstract:The basic statement of the paper is that in 1989 and the subsequent years political analysts concentrated their attention on the changes of Eastern European régimes and the worldwide impact of these events while they neglected the major turn that took place in the relationship between Western European countries and Muslim immigrants in 1989. Francis Fukuyama’s famous prophecy delivered at the time of the Soviet Union’s demise, declaring that liberal democracy will become a worldwide blueprint for societies, did not hold. On the contrary, this was the first time when Europe truly had to face the presence of Islam in Western Europe and the effects of political Islam.Keywords: Pahlavi dynasty, Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Revolution, Islamism, Salman Rushdie, The Satanic Verses, fatwa, Islam in Europe

  6. UPDATE AND INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE ISLAMIC BANKING ACTIVITY

    OpenAIRE

    NEGRUŞ, Mariana

    2011-01-01

    The context of the financial crisis started has triggered a flow of funds towards the Islamic financial market, which has turned itself into an alternative to the traditional banking structures. The paper herein includes: stages in the evolution of the Islamic banks; the Islamic principles and how they referred to the international banking standards; the impact of the informational technology on the funds segregation and diversification of the Islamic financial products for non-Muslim customers.

  7. A holistic model for Islamic accountants and its value added

    OpenAIRE

    El-Halaby, Sherif; Hussainey, Khaled

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The core objective for this study is introduce the holistic model for Islamic accountants through exploring the perspectives of Muslim scholars; Islamic sharia and AAOIFI ethical standards. The study also contributes to existing literature by exploring the main added value of Muslim accountant towards stakeholders through investigates the main roles of an Islamic accountants. Design/methodology/approach – The paper critically reviews historical debates about Islamic accounting and t...

  8. Liquidity and Capital of Islamic Banks in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Nadratuzzaman Hosen; Syafaat Muhari

    2017-01-01

    This study is aimed to analyzed the factors that affect the liquidity and capital of Islamic banks in Indonesia. The method is used multiple linear regression. This result shows that the main problem of Islamic banks in Indonesia is how to increase equity in line with increasing third party fund. Another problem is that Islamic bank face difficulties to find debt for solving liquidity problem due to lack of instruments for liquidity derivative. Therefore Islamic banks rely on third party fund...

  9. Ethics into Finance: The Level of Ethics in Islamic Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    Lukman Ayinde Olorogun

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Recently, ethics have become an essential marketing tool. Both conventional and Islamic financial institutions have claimed to have operates on ethical ground. In the wave of overlapping between these institutions, Islamic insurance has adopted “ethics†as its major marketing strategy or slogan in order to penetrate into the Muslims and non-Muslims insurance markets. Methodology: Using Islamic principles to present ethics in its business relegates Islamic law to ethics only. Thus,...

  10. Teaching "Islam and Human Rights" in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muedini, Fait A.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses my approach to teaching a course on Islam and human rights. I begin by examining the attention Islam has received in the media and classroom. Then, I discuss how I structure lectures on Islam and human rights, the various readings associated with the lectures, as well as common themes discussed in class that include but are…

  11. Teaching "Islam and Human Rights" in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muedini, Fait A.

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses my approach to teaching a course on Islam and human rights. I begin by examining the attention Islam has received in the media and classroom. Then, I discuss how I structure lectures on Islam and human rights, the various readings associated with the lectures, as well as common themes discussed in class that include but are…

  12. On the Teaching of Islam at Luther Seminary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Mark N.

    2005-01-01

    In a brief essay originally presented as part of a panel discussion with Christian and Muslim teachers of Islam in the university setting, the author describes the distinctive characteristics of the Islamic Studies Program at Luther Seminary (St. Paul, Minnesota). While the program allows Islamic studies "majors" to earn a degree (M.A. or M.Th.)…

  13. Spirituality in Teacher Training at an Islamic College in Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdreich, Lauren

    2016-01-01

    This article looks at an Islamic teacher training college in Israel in an attempt to understand how religious revival shapes women's understandings of being Muslim women professionals in Israel. The college grew out of Islamic revival in Israel; its teacher training program reflects the sensibilities that Islamic revival hopes to foster in women…

  14. Nearness to God: A Perspective on Islamic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alavi, Hamid Reza

    2008-01-01

    Islam, as one of the most important religions of the world, has particular and significant educational views. The purpose of this article is to extract and interpret Islam's view of education. Using classic texts and the author's scholarship, Islamic education is defined as a form of religious education drawing humans near to God and God's…

  15. Islam, Democracy and Education for Non-Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waghid, Yusef

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I shall attempt to rebuff the view that there is a necessary connection between a monotheistic religion, like Islam, and violence. Rather, I shall argue that the link between Islam and violence is a contingent one, that is, it is neither necessary nor impossible, depending on the reasons offered by a particular Islamic faith…

  16. Islamic marriages in South Africa: Quo vadimus?

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    C. Rautenbach

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Due to their potentially polygamous nature, Islamic marriages are not recognised in terms of South African law. The consequences of this non-recognition have been particularly unfair to Muslim women. Until 2000 a Muslim woman had no claim for loss of support if her husband was unlawfully killed. Even today she cannot claim maintenance from her husband after a divorce; she is not an intestate beneficiary after the death of her husband; can be compelled to give evidence against her husband in criminal proceedings and can not claim financial support during the course of her marriage. Since early times there have been calls for the recognition of Islamic marriages. The 1996 Constitution of South Africa protects, among other rights, cultural and religious rights and makes provision for the recognition of cultural and religious marriages by means of legislation. This article gives a brief historical overview regarding the position of Islamic marriages in South Africa. Thereafter the current position of Islamic marriages will be discussed, and finally a few comments regarding the future of Islamic marriages will be given.

  17. Rekonstruksi Tujuan Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Taksonomi Transenden

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    Ah. Zakki Fuad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the reconstruction of the objective of Islamic education based on transcendent taxonomy. This study is based on the idea that “the objective of Islamic education is to make students good”. The word “good” becomes the key as well as the entrance to formulate the objective of Islamic education by examining the concept of “good” in the Qur’ân. The concept is studied using a model of thematic tafsir (mawdû‘î approach. Using this approach, the word “good” is sought through three stems, i.e., the words ahsan-yuhsin, saluh-yasluh, and khayr with their various forms and changes in the Qur’ân. The classification of verses uses the theory of taxonomy. This article reveals that the objectives of Islamic education taxonomy can be called the ‘transcendent taxonomy.’ The objectives of Islamic education based on the Qur’an can be classified into three dimensions: ilâhîyah (theocentrism; divinity, insânîyah (anthro-pocentrism; humanity, and kawnîyah (cosmocentrism; naturality.

  18. THE LUTHER OF SHI’I ISLAM

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    Sumanto al-Qurtuby

    2012-05-01

    Artikel ini membicarakan tentang akar sosio-historis muncul­­­nya gagasan “Protestanisme Islam” dalam tradisi Syi’ah Iran, dengan fokus kajian pemikiran dan gerakan yang disebut “Luther Iran” sebagai agen, aktor, dan peng­gerak utama lahirnya reformasi Islam di Iran. Ide-ide re­formasi Islam memiliki pengaruh besar dan mencapai khalayak yang lebih luas di luar wilayah Iran termasuk Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Ali Shari’ati, Mehdi Bazargan, Hashem Aghajari, dan Abdul Karim Soroush. Sejumlah reformis Iran layak mendapatkan perhatian karena pe­mikir­an, ide-ide kontroversial mereka dalam reformasi Islam. Para reformis Iran dianggap sebagai “Luther Islam” karena kekaguman mendalam mereka terhadap Martin Luther, dan mereka menghendaki reformasi Islam seperti yang terjadi pada masa Luther di Eropa abad keenam belas. Dengan analisis sosio-historis dan deskriptif, tulisan ini tidak di­maksud­kan untuk membandingkan dua reformasi ke­agamaan di Iran dan Eropa, melainkan untuk mem­pelajari dan meng­analisis gagasan-gagasan mereka mengenai refor­masi Islam.

  19. The Islamic Movement at Khairun University Ternate

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    Muhammad Irfan Syuhudi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe Islamic religious thought of Muslim student at KhairunUniversity in Ternate and the dynamic of religious movement organizations on  campus. Informants of this study were selected using purposive method including activists of  Islamic organizations, students, and lecturers of the university. Data were collected using interviews, observation, and documentation, and searching data related to social context of the study from the internet. Findings of the research shows that the type of religious understanding and nationality of Muslim students after the reformation era at Khairun University began experiencing a shift since the presence of trans-national organizations, such as the Indonesian Muslim Student Action Union (KAMMI, Campus Propagation Institute (LDK, Hizbut Tahrir (HT, and Wahdah Islamiyah (WI. Those organizations adopt fundamentalists thought who want purification of Islam, and anti-tradition. Nationality thought adopted by these organizations is a country that imposes Islamic law and Establishes a state of Khilafah (HT. Nevertheless, most students at the Khairun University embrace cultural Islam, following the footsteps of their parents and Ternate society in general.

  20. Sufism: The inner dimension of Islam

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    Vukomanović Milan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this article is a short introduction into Sufism, seen as a unique mode of expressing the internal, mystical dimension of Islam. In this section, the history, doctrine and ritual practice of the main dervish communities have been considered. In the second part, predominantly based on the author's preliminary field study of the extant dervish communities in Bosnia-Herzegovina, more attention has been dedicated to the revival of Islamic mysticism in a contemporary context. In terms of sociology of religion, the revitalization of Sufism in Bosnia-Herzegovina could be understood within the broader framework of the revival of classical religiosity in the Balkans. After World War Two, the activities of the dervish orders in Bosnia were prohibited, mainly due to the modernist Islamic community supported by the ruling structures. This, of course, should be taken into consideration when discussing the issue of Islamic orthodoxy versus mysticism. A complete renewal of Sufism has taken place in the 1990s, after the dissolution of Yugoslavia and completion of the war. Therefore, one is dealing here with the renewal of classical religiosity, because Sufism had been developed within Orthodox Islam in Bosnia since the Ottoman period.

  1. Sustainable Manufacturing framework from Islamic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zain, S.; Adesta, E. Y. T.; Ismail, A. F.; Ahmad, Z.

    2017-03-01

    Islam is a complete way of life and offers holistic and comprehensive solutions to the human life. Manufacturing is one of the fields in which the voice of Islam is hardly heard. The efforts to relate and integrate manufacturing practices with Islamic principles and to eventually create a holistic solution is still lacking. This study is an attempt to develop a framework of sustainable manufacturing practices from the Islamic perspective. This framework may offer optional solutions to the current problems faced by the world such as global warming, climate change, pollutions, diseases etc. due to human ignorance. The framework was developed based on a preliminary research on the recent study of Maqasid Shari’ah, which is used as the main foundation. The developed framework comprises of three main domains, namely social, economic and environment. The framework is hoped to offer alternative solutions in producing high quality products, whilst taking into consideration the society, economy and environment, in line with the teachings of Islam and in accordance to our subservience to Allah SWT.

  2. The Egyptian Arab Spring and Political Islam

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    Ayman Gad El ashkar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study elaborates and analyzes the phenomenon and concept of political Islam, the reasons of the increased role of the Islamists and their political and reformist tendencies in the light of the Egyptian revolution of Arab Spring, reasons and the main factors that have contributed on their advent into power and their influence in that time, the issue of the application of Islamic Sharia and complex realities about this dilemma. The revolutions of Arab Spring, including the Egyptian revolution, are considered one of the most important and most dangerous events in the XXI century after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, not only in the Middle East but throughout the world because of their impact on peace and global security. The growth of the phenomenon of political Islam and the advent of Islamists into power in Egypt has represented one of the most remarkable features of this sudden revolution. No doubt that the issue of the relationship between Islam and the state's political system raises many confusing questions for many people. In this sense the importance of this study will directly identify the fact that the leadership of Islamists in Egypt is not the implementation of Islamic Sharia but their movements and ideology.

  3. Filsafat Ilmu dan Problem Metodologi Pendidikan Islam

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    Kholili Hasib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu tantangan dunia pendidikan saat ini adalah model pengajaran Filsafat Ilmu yang masih belum tampak berwarna Islam. Hal ini bisa dipahami dari fenomena minimnya buku-buku teks Filsafat Ilmu dengan menggunakan perspektif pandangan hidup Islam. Di samping itu, pendekatan pendidikan yang digunakan oleh mayoritas lembaga pendidikan di Indonesia masih menggunakan pendekatan orientalis, yaitu historis antropologis. Dalam pendekatan tersebut ditekankan pada pemahaman keagamaan berdasarkan sudut pandang sosial keagamaan yang bersifat multidisipliner. Dalam perspektif Islam, studi keilmuan akan lebih baik apabila dipahami dengan merujuk pada sumber utamanya yaitu al-Qur’an dan al- Hadits. Sebab, kedua sumber tersebut merupakan sumber utama suatu konsep ilmu pengetahuan. Hal itu dapat dianalisa dari berbagai bentuk derivasi kata ‘ilm yang diulang sebanyak 750 kali dalam berbagai konteks. Pada dasarnya, ilmu pengetahuan sangat terkait dengan akidah. Sebab, hakekat ilmu bukanlah sekedar ilmu itu sendiri. Lebih dari itu, penguasaan ilmu seharusnya berdampak secara langsung perilaku atau akhlak seseorang tersebut. Atas dasar inilah Imam al-Ghazali membagi ilmu ke dalam dua klasifikasi utama yaitu ilmu fardhu ‘ain dan ilmu fardhu kifayah. Sebagai umat Islam yang memperhatikan hakekat ilmu pengetahuan melalui dunia pendidikan tentu pemahaman tentang klasifikasi tersebut tidak dapat diabaikan. Untuk itu, dalam konteks pendidikan sekarang, diperlukan segera desain kurikulum pendidikan Islam yang berasaskan dinamisasi konsep fardhu ‘ain dan fardhu kifayah. Dinamisasi demikianlah yang akan membentuk karakter secara kuat terhadap pribadi anak didik.

  4. Legality of Tawarruq in Islamic Finance

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    Nur Yuhanis Bt Ismon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – Islamic finance has been established as an alternative to the conventional banking system which is made up component not permitted under Shariah. Tawarruq is one of the Islamic finance products which commonly used in Islamic banks. This research assesses two important areas which include the principle of Tawarruq in Fiqh perspective and the practical aspect of such principle in Islamic banks in Malaysia.Method – The method used for this research is comparative analysis.Result – This research begins to explore the different views of the proponent and opponents toward the legality of Tawarruq in Fiqh . Instead of considering the basic condition of the valid sale, the other aspect has to be pondered by the contemporary scholars to render Tawarruq is valid sale according to Shariah. The legality of Tawarruq has been debate by some scholars. Due to that, there are different resolution and rulings from Islamic countries on legality of of Tawarruq . In the practical aspect, Tawarruq has been used in Malaysia by Bursa Malaysia Suq Al Sila' as a trading platform and it uses Crude Palm Oil (CPO as the commodity in Tawarruq transaction. While, in the Middle East, it uses London Metal Exchange (LME in dealing with commodity transaction through Tawarruq principle.Conclusion – Based on the legal argument on the permissibility of Tawarruq , it can be summarized that Tawarruq is permissible but subject to certain condition. Provided that genuine Tawarruq is permissible than organized Tawarruq in Tawarruq transaction.Keywords: Tawarruq, Murabahah

  5. Law and Islamic finance: How legal origins affect Islamic finance development?

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    Rihab Grassa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Many researchers have shown that differences in legal origin explain differences in financial development. Using historical comparisons and cross-country regressions for 30 countries observed for the period from 2005 to 2010, this study tried to assess if different legal origins impacted on the development of Islamic finance. More particularly, this paper tried to assess empirically why and how Shari'a Law's legal origins adopted wholly or partially (combined with Common or Civil Law could explain the level of development of Islamic finance in different jurisdictions. Firstly, we found that countries adopting a Shari'a legal system had a very well developed Islamic financial system. Secondly, we found that countries, adopting a mixed legal system based on Common Law and Shari'a Law, were characterized by the flexibility of their legal systems to make changes to their laws in response to the changing socioeconomic conditions and that these helped the development of the Islamic financial industry. However, we found that countries, adopting a mixed legal system based on both Civil Law and Shari'a Law, were less flexible in making changes to their old laws and this thwarted the development of the Islamic financial industry in these countries. Thirdly, we found that the concentration of Muslim population (the percentage of Muslim population had a positive effect on the development of the Islamic banking system. Also, the level of income had a positive and significant effect on the development of Islamic banking.

  6. Membangun Konstruksi Keilmuan Ekonomi Islam

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    Yulizar D. Sanrego Nz

    2014-01-01

    received in turn a cheerful welcome from the business community as well as from the masses at the global stage. This paper is an attempt to make a contribution in the field of what we may call the scientific construction of Islamic economics. The paper proposes that this science consists of two aspects, namely value and knowledge. With regards to the latter, on which this paper will pay its major attention, the role of methodology is crucial. This paper will therefore touch on this issue and the role of methodology in inventing knowledge and in the analysis of economic datum. Here by methodology we mean particularly fiqh. We contend that fiqh is in itself methodology. It is rich with methodological tools such as the concept of maqashid al-syariah (the purpose of divine law which may be used not only to analyze economic datum but also to provide a schemata in resolving some economic problems. By speaking of fiqh as a science of economics we hope to pave the way for the possible invention of the science of economics based on fiqh and its philosophy.

  7. El Sufismo y el Islam

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    Gamal Abdel-Karim

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La experiencia sufí es el encuentro con la verdad absoluta, y esa verdad no puede convertirse en feudo ni monopolio de nadie y para nadie, y tampoco está limitada a una cultura, raza o creencia concreta. La doctrina del sufismo consiste en que el hombre se entrega voluntariamente en cuerpo y alma a Dios. Estos ascetas y místicos sufíes lo hacen, unos en solitario y otros en retiros colectivos de asociaciones místicas llamadas turuq, como miembros seguidores de un maestro (Shaykh que les permitía llevar una vida normal y austera compatible con determinadas normas y prácticas ascéticas de acuerdo con el criterio de cada tariqa (camino iniciático místico. Así, el sufismo se convirtió en el Islam perfecto, bajo la dirección de sus maestros y guías espirituales (shuyukh experimentados y en asociaciones piadosas donde se impartían enseñanzas y prácticas sufíes. En la experiencia mística del sufismo llega la religiosidad árabe-musulmana a su perfección: en el ella el ser humano se entrega a Dios, se libera del engaño de lo inmediato y se siente unido a Dios en el universo como inmensa luz que manifiesta su grandeza.

  8. ISLAMIC WORK ETHIC AS AN ANTECEDENT OF WORK OUTCOMES: A STUDY OF ISLAMIC MICROFINANCE IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

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    Wahibur Rokhman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Using sample 370 employees from Islamic microfinance institutions in Central Java, Indonesia, this study was conducted to examine the effect of Islamic work ethics on job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The empirical testing indicates that Islamic work ethic has positive effects on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment; whereas there is no significant evidence of the effect of Islamic work ethic on turnover intention. Implication, limitation and suggestion for future research are also discussed.

  9. An Islamic Vision Development Based Indicators in Analysing the Islamic Banks Performance: Evidence from Malaysia, Indonesia and selected GCC Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Ngalim, Siti Manisah; Ismail, Abdul Ghafar

    2015-01-01

    The current evaluation of Islamic Banks performance uses the conventional measurs, which is not unacceptable as the current Islamic Banks’ structure is mainly equal of its conventional counterparts in the sense that they are developed in the frame of business entity, thus businessbased performance such as profitability becomes the main concern. However, the fact that an Islamic Bank is governed and guided by Islamic Law, necessitates a deeper and more careful understanding of the purpose of t...

  10. Could regulator materialize potential demand for Islamic securities? Evidence from Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Bayu Kariastanto; Aulia Ihsanin

    2012-01-01

    One main advantage of Islamic securities is their wider demands because Islamic securities are able to meet both demands for Islamic and conventional securities. This argument is valid if and only if the demands for Islamic securities do exist AND investors believe that Islamic securities do comply with sharia. One important regulator role in developing Islamic capital market is to ensure sharia compliance of Islamic securities and to convince investors regarding this compliance. Bapepam-LK c...

  11. Science Teachers' Interpretations of Islamic Culture Related to Science Education versus the Islamic Epistemology and Ontology of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Nasser

    2010-01-01

    The debate about Islam and science extends to a debate about the relationship between Islam and science education. In this paper, I explore Egyptian teachers' views of the relationship between science and religion within the Islamic context. Teachers' key vision of the relationship between science and religion was that "religion comes first and…

  12. 77 FR 11186 - In the Matter of the Review of the Designation of the Islamic Jihad Union; AKA Islamic Jihad...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... Matter of the Review of the Designation of the Islamic Jihad Union; AKA Islamic Jihad Group; AKA Jama'at al-Jihad; AKA The Libyan Society; AKA The Kazakh Jama'at; AKA The Jamaat Mojahedin; AKA Jamiyat; AKA Jamiat al-Jihad al-Islami; AKA Dzhamaat Modzhakhedov; AKA Islamic Jihad Group of Uzbekistan; AKA...

  13. Science Teachers' Interpretations of Islamic Culture Related to Science Education versus the Islamic Epistemology and Ontology of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Nasser

    2010-01-01

    The debate about Islam and science extends to a debate about the relationship between Islam and science education. In this paper, I explore Egyptian teachers' views of the relationship between science and religion within the Islamic context. Teachers' key vision of the relationship between science and religion was that "religion comes first…

  14. Kako zapakirati islam: kulturalna politika u krajoliku komercijalne televizije (Packaging Islam: Cultural Politics on the Landscape of Commercial Television).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oncu, Ayse

    1995-01-01

    Considers the change in the media presentation of Islam in Turkey after the ascent of commercial television. Discusses the image of Islam and of Turkish politicians as presented in different contexts on TV--the "issuetization" of Islam for the consumption of the mainstream audience. (PA)

  15. Some Demands Towards Establishment For Islamic Banking Law in Islamic Perspective

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    Djawahir Hejazziey

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Beberapa Tuntutan Terhadap Pemberlakuan Hukum PerbankanSyariah. Hukum dibentuk untuk melayani masyarakat. Dengan demikian, hukum tunduk kepada masyarakat. Berbeda halnya dengan hukum agama (Islam, masyarakat wajib tunduk kepada hukum agama (Islam. Hukum yang dapat dipatuhi dan diterima oleh masyarakat adalah hukum yang didesain sesuai dengan ideologi dan kepercayaan masyarakat itu sendiri. Masyarakat Indonesia mayoritas memeluk agama Islam. Untuk itu, kelahiran dan pembentukan hukum perbankan syariah banyak dipengaruhi oleh tuntutan masyarakat yang didukung berlatar belakang agama yang dianut, di samping adanya tuntutan ideologi, politik, ekonomi, dan budaya. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v1i1.2921

  16. ISLAM DAN RADIKALISME: Upaya Antisipasi dan Penanggulangannya

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    Idrus Ruslan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sejak tragedi pemboman WTC tanggal 11 September 2001 yang disusul dengan rangkaian peledakan bom di sejumlah negara, banyak orang non Muslim yang berasumsi bahwa ajaran Islam identik dengan radikalisme. Walaupun assumsi yang berkembang itu dapat dimaklumi, namun keyakinan tersebut tentu saja tidak sepenuhnya benar. Karena meskipun terdapat sekelompok orang Islam yang berbuat radikal, akan tetapi mayoritas Muslim justru bertentangan dengan mereka. Lagi pula, jika dicermati secara mendalam, sesungguhnya Islam sama sekali tidak mentolerir tindakan radikal. Ia adalah agama kasih sayang yang sangat mendodrong penganutnya untuk berbuat baik terhadap orang lain, termasuk kepada orang-orang non-Muslim. Artikel ini menawarkan beberapa upaya strategis dalam mengantisipasi dan menanggulangi bahaya radikalisme-terorisme.

  17. EDITORIAL: ISLAM IN ASIA AND EUROPE

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    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The subjects of discussion in this edition of Al-Jami‘ah are mostly modern themes with the exception of Al Makin’s paper on early Islam and Miftahurrohim N. Sarkun on classical Islamic jurisprudence. To begin with, Nina Nurmila overviews the extent to which modern Indonesian Quranic and tradition exegetes gives new meaning to the basic sacred text of Islam. Indeed Nurmila finds that the issues of gender have attracted the attention of Indonesian intellectuals, who argue for gender equality and men’s and women’s equal role both at home and work. In fact, many Indonesian exegetes reject the inferiority of women at home with regard to conventional understanding that men are seen superior in domestic leadership.

  18. Islam, Immigration, and Identity: An Introduction

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    Todd H. Green

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It has been two decades since Samuel P. Huntington, a Harvard political scientist, first published his famous essay, “The Clash of Civilizations?” [1]. In the essay, and later in his book with the same title (minus the question mark [2], Huntington argues that conflict in the post-Cold War era will be driven largely by irreconcilable cultural and religious differences, particularly in regards to Islam and the West. The conflict between these two civilizations, while not new, is bound to persist in large part because Islam is prone to violence. Much of the global conflict that exists in the modern world, observes Huntington, involves Muslims. It is for this reason that he states so bluntly: “Islam has bloody borders” ([1], p. 35. [...

  19. Islamic Law and Terrorism in Indonesia

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    Ramlani Lina Sinaulan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Jihād and terrorism are not the same. In the context of sharia that implementation of the jihād has parameters measured with a layer of ethics based on the commands Al Quran and the Hadith of Prophet and the explanation the Ulama. Muslims in Indonesia views that the essentially not much different from the views on jihād and terror in other Islamic countries, especially the Middle East. In the context of Islamic law, jihād has multi spectral studies, but none of these studies that equate the meaning of jihād with terrorism, or none of them agreed that acts of terror as has been demonstrated by radical groups that are part of the concept Islam.

  20. Determinants of The Islamic Social Reporting Disclosure

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    Uun Sunarsih

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of corporate responsibility was a warm up for discussion. This study aimed to analyze the influence of company issuing sukuk, size, and profitability on the disclosure of Islamic Social Reporting. This study uses secondary data obtained through the site www.bapepam.go.id and www.idx.co.id by using purposive sampling. The results showed that only size that affect the disclosure of ISR, so the larger the total assets of the greater disclosure of Islamic Social Reporting. Sukuk issuance has no effect because the ownership structure of companies in Asia, including Indonesia tends to family ownership concentration. Profitability has no effect because the company has a perspective that is different to the Islamic Social Reporting.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v9i1.3771

  1. TRANSAKSI MATA UANG DALAM PANDANGAN ISLAM

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    Zainal Abidin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The trading of money in modern era is very important tocontrol and balance of global economic. Over this system,the procces of global trading are exist and more easier.Baut in other side according to Islamic concept thetrading of maney have to follow the patterns arerecommaded. This article want to explain about thepattern about Islamic concept in the money trading. Theminimal target is may be can give inspiration and spiritin money trading. The target is not impossible if we mantto do effort to do something especially in the system oftransaction, the statement of transaction, etc. To changethe all of methode in the modern/commercial system inthe money trading is imposible but create the newsystem mhich the convergent between Islamic andcommercial system in trading of money is impoosibleand be the target.

  2. Koranic education and militant Islam in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winters, Clyde Ahmad

    1987-06-01

    In this article the author outlines and discusses the influence of Koranic schools, and their students ( almagiri) on the rise of fundamentalism and the spreading of militant Islam in Northern Nigeria. The author contends that while Islamic fundamentalism is the banner of both the Western-oriented Muslims and traditional Nigerian Muslims, it differs in expression in Northern Nigeria. The article shows that these differences result from the influence of the Koranic schools on the traditional teachers ( ulama) and their students on the one hand, and Western universities, Wahhabi Arabs, and Western-oriented teachers and their students on the other. The origins of the Koranic school curriculum in Nigeria, the training of traditional Muslim teachers, and the lifestyle of the students are discussed. The author shows how certain socialization patterns found in the Koranic schools and `almagiri' system seem congruent with the political attitudes and values stressed by spokesmen of militant Islamic sects in Northern Nigeria.

  3. Pendidikan Islam dalam Konsep Prophetic Intelligence

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    Hayat

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Intelligence has connectivity to the educational process as a concrete step in the development of human character as caliph in the world to think of all God ‘s creation. Islamic education teaches a life of meaning to the concept of “amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar”. It is really clear that various concepts in Islamic education are not adjusted enough with the development period that is increasingly sophisticated and globalized. Islamic civilization has been built since the Prophet Muhammad SAW, and other thinkers in teaching a sense of knowledge that is based on Al- Quran and Al - Hadits as the main guideline. Prophetic Intelligence provides illustration that in transforming education through the concrete steps for being “insan Kamil” that is “rahmatan lil alamin”. Intelligence Prophetic provides illustration that in transforming education through the concrete steps for being ‘Insan Kamil’ that is ‘rahmatan lil alamin’.

  4. Sufism and the "Modern" in Islam

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    Din Wahid

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available At a time when the popular imagination outside the Muslim world has been captured by images of Muslim "fundamentalists" terrorising the "West" and when predominantly Muslim countries themselves are under a variety of political pressures to express solidarity with narrowly legalistic lslam, it is timely to reappraise the actual variety of Islamic religiosity active in the lives of ordinary Muslims. Considerable effort is now being made by scholars, governments and private risk assessment agencies, to identify the social spaces occupied by intolerant, exclusivist expressions of Islam deriving from narrowly legalistic understandings of Islam. However, less energy is being directed towards identifying the contemporary modalities of liberal, non-exclusiuist modes of lslamic religiosity.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v10i3.628

  5. Melacak Akar Radikalisme Islam di Indonesia

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    Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah Umar

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Radicalism nowadays becomes a popular discourse in Indonesia. The fall of Soeharto in 1998 was also followed by the rise of some groups which enroots their ideology and value with the ideology of Islamic political movement in Middle East. Many authors even connect this phenomenon to terrorism. By those points of view, they try to encounter terrorism by de-radicalizing people and promoting the empowerment of moderate society. But this point of view is argued by some authors who think that terrorism differs from radicalism. It is structural problem –poverty, oppression, political authoritarianism— which implies violence and terror. It leads us to a question: What cause radicalism? This article attempts to analyze the historical and political-economic root of Radical Islam group in Indonesia. By analyzing those problems, we will elaborate the problem of Islamic radicalism in structural perspective of post-New Order Indonesia.

  6. ADVERTISEMENT & ISLAM: A MUSLIM WORLD PERSPECTIVE

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    Adeel Bari

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary advertisement practices have created many social and ethical problems due to their materialistic focus. The effect of these problems can also be seen in many Muslim countries including Pakistan in terms of diversion from their cultural and religious values. This paper attempts to integrate the Islamic business ethics in contemporary advertisement practices to find the solution of the ethical dilemma which is created by these materialistic advertisement practices. The focus of Islamic way of business is not just to earn profit but to serve the society. The human welfare is the gist of Islamic business ethics. This paper attempts to evaluate advertisement in terms of Quran and Hadiths of the Holy Prophet (PBUM and discuss unethical aspects of the contemporary advertisement practices.

  7. Is “Islamic Fundamentalism” Possible?

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    Neşet TOKU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentalism is the religious Protestant movement that developed upon the spreading of the “millennium” belief, which belongs to the Christian theo-logy, in the USA towards the end of 19th century. Nowadays the word “funda-mentalism” is used, sometimes explicitly and sometimes implicitly, to refer to Islam as an equivalent of intolerance, pro-violence and fanaticism. This propa-ganda is so great that recognition of Islam by a Muslim raises the risk for him to be qualified as fundamentalist. In this essay, we will interrogate whether it is possible or not to establish a relation between fundamentalism, which is a wes-tern phenomenon, and Islam by examining historical and cultural background of the both.

  8. Tujuan Sejarah Mekanisme Pasar dalam Islam

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    Muhammad Muhammad

    2016-06-01

    The paper attempts to analysis the concept of market mechanism in Islamic view as developed by the Muslim scholars. The ideas of Muslim scholars are at large remained unexplored who had offered rather detailed and sophisticated discourse on market and pricing mechanism. Our study is confined to the ideas of following representative personalities such as Abu Yusuf, al-Ghazali, Ibn Taimiyah and Ibn Khaldun. The paper concludes with the note that considerable ideas on the market and pricing mechanism were found with the Muslim scholars long before the mid-eighteenth century, and that the views of Islamic writers were far detailed and clear. This requires reconsideration on Schumpeter’s statement about mechanism of pricing that nothing worth mentioning existed before the middle of eighteenth century. Especially the contribution of the Arab-Islamic scholars to economic thought be rehabilitated in the science of economics for the sake of doctrinal continuity as well as objectivity.

  9. RADIKALISME ISLAM DAN UPAYA DERADIKALISASI PAHAM RADIKAL

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    Abu Rokhmad

    2012-05-01

    Lembaga-lembaga pendidikan diduga tidak kebal terhadap pengaruh ideologi radikal. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa: (1 Beberapa guru mengakui ada­nya konsep Islam radikal yang mungkin menyebar di kalangan siswa karena kurangnya pengetahuan keagamaan; (2 Unit-unit kajian Islam di sekolah-sekolah berkembang baik namun tidak ada jaminan adanya kekebalan dari radikalisme karena proses belajarnya diserahkan kepada pihak ketiga; (3 Di dalam buku rujukan dan kertas kerja terdapat beberapa pernyataan yang dapat mendorong siswa untuk membenci agama atau bangsa lain. Dapat disimpulkan  bahwa ada beberapa strategi deradikalisasi yang dapat diimplementasikan  yaitu deradikalisasi preventif, deradikalisasi preservatif terhadap Islam mo­derat, dan deradikalisasi kuratif.

  10. Posthumous Assisted Reproduction from Islamic Perspective

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    Reza Omani Samani

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapid development in assisted reproductive techniques along with relieving the pain of childlessnesshas brought new ethical and policy dilemmas. Posthumous assisted reproduction is the mostchallenging, difficult and sensitive issue to be discussed ethically and religiously. In this paper theacceptability of the posthumous reproduction in Islamic contexts is evaluated and major concernslike Consent and ownership of the gametes after death, Family and Marriage vision and Welfareof the child are discussed together with some international legislation. We can conclude that uponIslamic vision to assisted reproductive techniques as treatment of families and relieving the seriousproblem of childlessness, posthumous assisted reproduction is unacceptable even with previouslyfrozen gametes or embryos. Also, Islamic vision to marriage, consent and welfare of the childconfirms the unacceptability. There must be some law or legislation to ban this procedure in Islamiccontexts.

  11. Kontroversi Theosofi Islam Jawa dalam Manuskrip Kapujanggan

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    Muhammad Irfan Riyadi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The discourse of Islamic Sufism thought in Java noted that the dynamics of the Islamic theosofi find his partner in the face of Javanese mystical thought. Islamic Sufism that puts the elements of sharia religious mysticism called Sufism shar’i or ortodoks sufism; while the advanced elements of philosophy called philosophical Sufism, this pattern is manifest that acculturative with mystical Javanese syncretic also known as heterodoks Sufism. In Javanese manuscripts poet, those patterns of sufism are always in dialogue (dialectic from time to time; since the 15th century until the 19th century or from era of sainthood untuil era poet (Pujangga Kraton Surakarta. The dialectic wide variety of books including recorded in Suluk Siti jenar, Suluk Dharmo Gandul, Suluk Sumirang, Sastra Gending, Serat Cabolek, Serat Centhini and Suluk Saloka Jiwa. This paper explores the controversial thought for between Islamic Sufism and Javanese theosofi thinking in these manuscripts. For that purpose, this study uses the theory of dialectics to explain the two ideas above dialogue by placing the poet as disseminator between the two cultures so was born a series of local wisdom in the form of a unique synthesis, elucidation of the role of the poet will be presented with the theory of cultural articulation. The conclusion of this paper is that a dialectic synthesis between Islam and Javanese mysticism theosofi was birth Kejawen institution thought, this thought was appear in religious communities in Java, a new institution with cultural psychotherapy and that applied by the community namely abangans, this institution growth supported by culture of Javanese palace tradition and spirit. Pujangga played a central role as interpreters of Islamic Sufism in the context of locality to realize a peaceful penetration.

  12. PENDIDIKAN ISLAM MULTIKULTURAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF FILOSOFIS

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    Ma’mun Mu'min

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the years 1950 of multicultural education discourse. The reason involves the issue of racism and discrimination against minority groups originating from Africa. 1970s discourse becomes stronger, such as in America, England, Germany, and others. 1980 is seen as the beginning of the emergence of multicultural educational institutions, as initiated by James A Banks et al. The idea of multicultural education is gaining momentum globally as recommended UNISCO in October 1994 in Geneva Switzerland. Among mulikultural educational thinkers of the West, like James A Banks, L. Derman-Sparks, Dawn Gill, Geneva Gay, Christine Sleeter, Peter McLaren, Donna M. Gollnick, Philip Chinn, Will Kymlica, G. Shin and P. Gorski ,Islamic thinkers who carries a lot of Islamic education multicultural issues, such as Fazlur Rahman, "Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, Mohammed Arkoun, Muhammad Shahrour, Humayun Kabir, and 'Ali Shari'ati, and Mamadiou Dia. Of Indonesia, such as Mansour Fakih, H.A.R. Tilaar, Nurcholish Madjid, Azyumardi Azra, and M. Amin Abdullah. Their sincerity in spreading the idea of multicultural education must be bad sometimes, like humuman sentenced to death, was expelled from the country or convicted of apostasy by its opponents.Islamic multicultural education is a response to a variety of global discourse, especially intercultural and multicultural studies that have been developed in the United States and Erofa caused by discriminatory attitudes in the majority to the minority. As in America and Erofa, multicultural Islamic education aims to build a tolerant attitude, pluralistic, humanistic and inclusive towards fellow human beings. But not infrequently Islamic multicultural education has also become a tool for the control authorities, as happened in the world of education in Indonesia in the New Order era.This article is intended to elaborate on Islamic multicultural education in a philosophical perspective.

  13. Islam Inklusif: Telaah Atas Doktrin dan Sejarah

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    Zain Abidin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This work is entitled Inclusive Islam: The study of doctrine and history. This study uses hermeneutic approach (hermeneutics approach, and method used in collecting data is library research (library research. This work was motivated by a phenomenon that is now Muslims no longer perform the inclusive theology. Religion expected to bring the mercy mission to the world no longer show its role significantly. This may be due to religious thought has been contaminated by a variety of politic, economic, culture, and so forth. Now religious understanding is necessary to be reconstructed, by putting forward the spirit of togetherness and a mercy to the world. Religious understanding seems to be justified by faith, when in fact it is not; in fact,it conflicts with any religious teachings. Therefore, in this work, the author would like to show an understanding of Islam that is open, flexible, and tolerant (Islam Inclusive. Inclusive Islam is the religious understanding or insight that is open, flexible, and tolerant. Open has a meaning that Islam provides opportunities for people to criticize, if the truth or wisdom is delivered, then a tolerant religious have to accept, though of anyone or anything coming. Flexible means meaningful contact with others, without feeling awkward, and also regardless of the differences that exist, whether religion, creed, or origin. Tolerant means respecting the differences that exist, either with the same religion/belief or with a different religion/belief. Such an understanding is not only shaped by history but the doctrinal background can be found in the major source of the teachings of Islam, namely the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad SAW. 

  14. America’s War on Terror: Islamic Jihadist Ideologue or Radical Hijacker of Islam - Will the Real Enemy Please Step Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    religion; however, his efforts at proselytization fell short with the Jews, for as Caner contends, “The Jews noticed the contradictions between the...Understanding Islam, p. 2 Ibid, p. 4 Caner , Unveiling Islam, p. 55 Cook, Understanding Jihad, p. 5 Caner , Unveiling Islam, p. 47 Lippman...Understanding Islam, p. 5 Caner , Unveiling Islam, p. 31 Koran, p. 76 Ibid, p. 98 Ibid, p. 210 Cook, Understanding Islam, p. 21 Lewis, The Crisis of

  15. Biomedical research ethics: an Islamic view--part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afifi, Raafat Y

    2007-10-01

    Most of the currently accepted western basic principles of ethics in research are consistent with the instructions of Islam. This statement may come as a surprise to some western researchers. In this article, I will discuss why Islam rejects secularization and this is not because the ethical principles embedded in Islam's teachings are archaic and out of touch with current realities. In addition, I will point out the agreement between general broad principles of research ethics and Islamic teachings concerning life; this would show clearly that Islam has addressed the regulation of ethics in research more than 14 centuries ago.

  16. Business ethics from the perspective of Islamic economics

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    Aziz Javanpour

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to contribute to the existing research in the field of business and shed more light on the business ethics from the perspective of Islamic economics. Assessing the compatibility and incompatibility of economic development indicators with Islamic doctrines is the main focus and central topic of this study. Nowadays, most Islamic countries are observed to be among underdeveloped or developing countries. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a study in order to know whether Islamic teachings are barrier for accelerating the development process or not. To this end, economic development indicators in the form of commercial business from the perspective of Islamic economics are discussed.

  17. Facts and controversies on female genital mutilation and Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouzi, Abdulrahim A

    2013-02-01

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a very ancient traditional and cultural ritual. Strategies and policies have been implemented to abandon this practice. However, despite commendable work, it is still prevalent, mainly in Muslim countries. FGM predates Islam. It is not mentioned in the Qur'an (the verbatim word of God in Islam). Muslim religious authorities agree that all types of mutilation, including FGM, are condemned. 'Sensitivity' to cultural traditions that erroneously associate FGM with Islam is misplaced. The principle of 'do no harm', endorsed by Islam, supersedes cultural practices, logically eliminating FGM from receiving any Islamic religious endorsement.

  18. Modern Science and Conservative Islam: An Uneasy Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edis, Taner

    2009-06-01

    Familiar Western debates about religion, science, and science education have parallels in the Islamic world. There are difficulties reconciling conservative, traditional versions of Islam with modern science, particularly theories such as evolution. As a result, many conservative Muslim thinkers are drawn toward creationism, hopes of Islamizing science, or other ways to retain the primacy of faith while continuing efforts to catch up with modern technology. Muslims argue that science and Islam coexist in harmony, but both intellectually and institutionally, the Islamic world harbors many tensions between science and religion.

  19. Episodes in the mathematics of medieval Islam

    CERN Document Server

    Berggren, J L

    2016-01-01

    This book presents an account of selected topics from key mathematical works of medieval Islam, based on the Arabic texts themselves. Many of these works had a great influence on mathematics in Western Europe. Topics covered in the first edition include arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and numerical approximation; this second edition adds number theory and combinatorics. Additionally, the author has included selections from the western regions of medieval Islam—both North Africa and Spain. The author puts the works into their historical context and includes numerous examples of how mathematics interacted with Islamic society.

  20. PERBANDINGAN EKONOMI ISLAM DAN EKONOMI KAPITALIS

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    Moch Bukhori Muslim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The greatness of the capitalist economic theory has been questioned by many prominent economists. Due to the economic crisis occurred throughout history, it is necessary to bring out an alternative economic theory. Economic theory aspired is an economic system that is able to create justice and the welfare accompanied with blessing the world and the hereafter. Therefore, islamic economic theory can be considered as a way out to solve the contemporary economy problems. This article comparethe system of islamic economic and the capitalist economic takinginto account the philosophy, investment, distribution, theory of macro and micro aspects.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2551

  1. Deradikalisasi Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Khazanah Pesantren

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    Irwan Masduqi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Violence in the name of religion often happens in Indonesia. Pesantren is considered as a nest of terrorism because it has been being tought religious radicalism here. This study can be concluded that Islam is as a religion of universal love (rahmatan lil ‘alamin. Here, it is tought education that upholds the principle of mutual respect for differences, harmony, peace, civility, and other manifestations of noble character. But the teachings of “rahmatan lil ‘alamin” is often reduced to justify violence in the name of religion by sensible dogmatic radical groups. De-radicalizational steps are needed to develop Islamic education that is more humane.

  2. THE ISLAMIC TRADITION OF BAKUMPAI DAYAK PEOPLE

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    Nasrullah Nasrullah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the dilemma of an ethnic group which is influenced by the views from the outside as well as the inside with regard to the dominance of religious identity. Specifically, this paper discusses the existence of Bakumpai and the Bakumpai people as part of the Dayak tribes and their Islamic practice. This article is expected to provide understanding of religious diversity in an ethnic group particularly the Dayak and how it influences the Dayak culture. Keywords: Bakumpai, Dayak, Islamic Tradition

  3. Celebrating Islam and Multiculturalism in New Zealand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismatu Ropi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University (UIN Jakarta in collaboration with the Embassy of New Zealand in Jakarta, the Asia New Zealand Foundation and the International Office of UIN Jakarta on 20 to 24 May 2013 held a photographic exhibition documenting the stories of Asian Muslims in the Kiwi Island, and a half-day discussion of a book by Adrienne Jansen and Ans Westra entitled “The Crescent Moon: The Asian Face of Islam in New Zealand”.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i2.392 

  4. HUKUM PIDANA ISLAM: PERSPEKTIF KEADILAN

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    Kun Budianto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In social life required a legal system to create aharmonious society and regularly so that justice can beachieved. The legal system is very diverse, and that diversity inthe legal system there are some that stand out. Western legalsystems are represented by two systems, namely the civil lawand common law, the legal system has been proved as the mostwidely adopted by many countries in the world. Another is thelegal system of Islamic law.ملخص:في الحیاة الاجتماعیة یتطلب نظاما قانونیا لخلق مجتمع متناغم وبشكل منتظمبحیث یمكن تحقیق العدالة .ولذلك، وبطبیعة الحال سوف تحدید النظام القانوني وفقالظروفھا .النظام القانوني ھي متنوعة جدا، وھذا التنوع في النظام القانوني ھناك بعضالتي تبرز .یتم تمثیل النظم القانونیة الغربیة عن طریق النظامین، وھما القانون المدنيوالقانون العام، وقد ثبت النظام القانوني باعتبارھا الأكثر، والتراسل الذي اتخذه العدیدمن البلدان في العالم .آخر ھو النظام القانوني للشریعة الإسلامیة .كل من النظامالقانوني ھو مركز الاھتمام في قلوب الفقھاء.Kata Kunci: hukum pidana islam, perubahan masyarakat

  5. Spiritualitas Islam dalam Trilogi Kosmos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munawir Haris

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Human beings are mysterious. Although various studies about humans have been conducted, they fail to totally comprehend them. Therefore, studies about humans are always interesting topics, especially if they attempt to reveal non-physical aspects of humans.  One way to look at this neglected aspect is to study spiritual dimensions of humans. Base on their explorations to the Qur’an and hadith, Muslim scholars propose a theory of three cosmos: macrocosmos, microcosmos and metacosmos. Macrocosmos represents the Universe. Microcosmos is human beings and metacosmos is concerned with Allah. These are three cosmologies that Muslims have to find from the scriptural texts so they can understand the central role of human beings in preserving balanced relationships among these three worlds. The Qur’an, for example, gives allegories and signs that Muslims must explore their deep meanings to gain wisdom and get closer to the Creator.Abstrak: Ada banyak dimensi misteri dalam diri manusia. Meski banyak kajian atas manusia oleh para sarjana dan filsuf, namun studi-studi mereka gagal memahami keseluruhan dimensi tersebut. Oleh karena itu, studi tentang manusia selalu menarik, terutama jika dikaitkan dengan sisi non-fisiknya. Salah satu caranya adalah dengan melakukan kajian spiritualitas manusia. Dengan mendasarkan pada al-Qur’an dan hadis, para sarjana kosmolog Muslim menawarkan konsep tiga dunia; makrokomos, mikrokosmos dan metakosmos. Makrokosmos adalah dunia atau alam raya. Mikrokosmos adalah manusia sedangkan metakosmos berkaitan dengan Allah. Orang-orang Islam kemudian mengeksplorasi rahasia-rahasia di balik al-Qur’an dan hadis untuk mendapatkan makna mengenai peran utama mereka dalam dunia kosmos tersebut dan dalam rangka mengetahui tugas mereka menjaga hubungan antarkosmos. Usaha ini diyakani mampu mengantarkan manusia menjadi bijak dan akan dekat kepada Allah.

  6. History, problems, and prospects of Islamic insurance (Takaful) in Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Issa; Rahman, Noor Naemah Binti Abdul; Yusoff, Mohd Yakub Zulkifli Bin Mohd; Nor, Mohd Roslan Bin Mohd

    2016-01-01

    This study explains the history, current problems, and future possibilities of Islamic insurance (takaful) in Bangladesh. To articulate these issues, the researcher has adopted the qualitative method, and data has been collected through secondary sources i.e. articles, books, and online resources. The study reveals that Islamic insurance in Bangladesh is regulated by the Insurance Act 2010 which is contradictory with Islamic insurance causing numerous problems for Islamic insurance. This study also points out that Islamic insurance is a fast growing industry with huge prospects in Bangladesh. The government should introduce separate regulations for both Islamic and conventional insurance. The research concludes with suggestions for the further development of Islamic insurance in Bangladesh.

  7. EFFECTIVE MARKET SEGMENTATION AND VIABILITY OF ISLAMIC BANKING IN NIGERIA

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    Mohammed Abubakar Mawoli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Islamic banking has become a global phenomenon as both Islamic and western countries have embraced it. However, the move by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN to introduce Islamic Banking in Nigeria was met with many criticisms, especially from the Non-Muslims. As a divorce from subjective criticisms typical of religious opponents’ discussions, the study examined the viability of Islamic banking in Nigeria using market segmentation criteria. Being a library research, secondary data was obtained from various secondary sources and analyzed descriptively. The study found that, the targeted Muslim segment is substantial, identifiable, measurable, accessible and reliable. Hence, the study concludes that the introduction of Islamic banking in Nigeria is worthwhile and the future of Islamic banks in the country is bright and prosperous. The study, therefore, recommends that though Islamic banking has come to stay, Muslims and non-Muslims should support its establishment as all citizens irrespective of religious affiliation are likely to benefit from it.

  8. The dependence of Islamic and conventional stocks: A copula approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razak, Ruzanna Ab; Ismail, Noriszura

    2015-09-01

    Recent studies have found that Islamic stocks are dependent on conventional stocks and they appear to be more risky. In Asia, particularly in Islamic countries, research on dependence involving Islamic and non-Islamic stock markets is limited. The objective of this study is to investigate the dependence between financial times stock exchange Hijrah Shariah index and conventional stocks (EMAS and KLCI indices). Using the copula approach and a time series model for each marginal distribution function, the copula parameters were estimated. The Elliptical copula was selected to present the dependence structure of each pairing of the Islamic stock and conventional stock. Specifically, the Islamic versus conventional stocks (Shariah-EMAS and Shariah-KLCI) had lower dependence compared to conventional versus conventional stocks (EMAS-KLCI). These findings suggest that the occurrence of shocks in a conventional stock will not have strong impact on the Islamic stock.

  9. Gender Analysis On Islamic Texts: A Study On Its Accuracy

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    Muchammad Ichsan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Gender equality movement is spreading all over the world, including in Indonesia where Muslim gender activists have made hard efforts to ensure gender fairness and equality among people. One of their efforts is emphasizing the urgency of reinterpreting Islamic texts. They insist on the reinterpretation of Islamic texts based on gender perspective and analysis due to the existence of many Islamic texts that trespass the principles of gender equality and fairness they have been fighting for. This paper aims at assuring and examining the accuracy of using gender perspective as a tool for analyzing the Islamic text. It is found that using gender perspective and analysis for reinterpreting Islamic texts is not in line with the Islamic principles and will only produce laws and points of views which deviate from Islamic teachings. To reach the goals of this study, a descriptive-analytical approach is employed.

  10. Pengembangan Paradigma Integrasi Ilmu: Harmonisasi Islam dan Sains dalam Pendidikan

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    Fahri Hidayat

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Secularism that separates religion from mundane aspects, including science and knowledge, that appeared and applied in the West turned out to present themselves as a different face when applied in the Islamic world. In the West, secularism became a reason for science breeding. Meanwhile, in the Islamic world, secularism actually trigger the birth of science dichotomy that led to the neglect of science. In turn, the practice of science dichotomy is precisely the cause of the deterioration of Islamic civilization. Muslim community has a different cultural history with the West. Historically, Islam became the main driver of progress of science in the golden age. This is different with Western history that marred by tensions between science and religion. Therefore, Islamic education should be developed in accordance with its integrative and nondichotomous culture. Therefore, religion and science in Islam is a unity. Epistemology of Islamic education is built by making sciences as part of its supporting pillars.

  11. ISLAMIC PARTIES AND THE POLITICS OF CONSTITUTIONALISM IN INDONESIA

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    Mukrimin Mukrimin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia by exploring how Islam is used by political parties to shape the politics. The study shows that Islamic politics is a complementary in both nationhood and statehood in Indonesia. From the early days of the new-born nation-state, Muslims in Indonesia had played significant role in shaping the nation; nonetheless, they have never dominated the political power. Fragmentation among Muslims themselves and internal political parties is among the reason why religious (Islamic parties failed in bringing religious identity to the state arena. Political subordination-inclusion-ignorance-confrontation is the circular game that features Islamic politics in Indonesia. The debatable issue on shari‘ah law, which is frequently used by Islamic parties, always becomes the core problem of the relation between Islam and the state. Even though Islam has played an important role in colouring the Indonesian politics, its existence remains complementary.

  12. Capital adequacy implications on Islamic and non-Islamic bank's behavior: Does market power matter?

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    Salma Louati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available After each crisis, reforms are carried out to prevent a new episode of financial crises. In this context, our objective in this study is to examine and simultaneously compare the behavior of Islamic and conventional banks in relation to the ratio of the capital adequacy in different competitive circumstances. We used data from 12 MENA and South East Asian countries characterized by the coexistence of Islamic and conventional banks. We concluded that the funding ratio has a significant impact on the behavior of 70 conventional banks and 47 Islamic banks. However, competitive conditions have no significant effect on the relationship between the weighted assets ratio and Islamic bank behavior, which means that this type of banks is applying theoretical models based on the prohibition of the interest.

  13. Islamic Perception of Business Ethics and the Impact of Secular Thoughts on Islamic Business Ethics

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    Muhammad Hashim

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to exhibit the business ethics perception in Islam and to unveil the western secular values and thoughts regarding ethics. We have presented the various repeatedly verses from Holy Quran and teachings of the Prophet. But unfortunately the western dominancy on our systems with great extent effaced our core Islamic values, beliefs and idea regarding business and trade. The dominancy of their organism has occupied a vital rule in all the major activities in our system and we are constrained to follow. Especially Muslims are striving for much profit and they are ignoring the ethical standard of the business, what Islam prohibits and what permits they don’t care. Being Muslims we have to follow the rules and regulation for business dealings which stated by Islamic jurisprudence the business will sustain its image and will be able to survive.

  14. Brain death in Islamic ethico-legal deliberation: challenges for applied Islamic bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padela, Aasim I; Arozullah, Ahsan; Moosa, Ebrahim

    2013-03-01

    Since the 1980s, Islamic scholars and medical experts have used the tools of Islamic law to formulate ethico-legal opinions on brain death. These assessments have varied in their determinations and remain controversial. Some juridical councils such as the Organization of Islamic Conferences' Islamic Fiqh Academy (OIC-IFA) equate brain death with cardiopulmonary death, while others such as the Islamic Organization of Medical Sciences (IOMS) analogize brain death to an intermediate state between life and death. Still other councils have repudiated the notion entirely. Similarly, the ethico-legal assessments are not uniform in their acceptance of brain-stem or whole-brain criteria for death, and consequently their conceptualizations of, brain death. Within the medical literature, and in the statements of Muslim medical professional societies, brain death has been viewed as sanctioned by Islamic law with experts citing the aforementioned rulings. Furthermore, health policies around organ transplantation and end-of-life care within the Muslim world have been crafted with consideration of these representative religious determinations made by transnational, legally-inclusive, and multidisciplinary councils. The determinations of these councils also have bearing upon Muslim clinicians and patients who encounter the challenges of brain death at the bedside. For those searching for 'Islamically-sanctioned' responses that can inform their practice, both the OIC-IFA and IOMS verdicts have palpable gaps in their assessments and remain clinically ambiguous. In this paper we analyze these verdicts from the perspective of applied Islamic bioethics and raise several questions that, if answered by future juridical councils, will better meet the needs of clinicians and bioethicists.

  15. Islamic Financial Engineering : Comparative Study Agreements in Islamic Capital Market in Malaysia and Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Adhitya Ginanjar

    2014-01-01

    Objective –The objective of this paper is to provide a discussion Islamic Financial Engineering which practice between Indonesian Capital Market and Malaysian capital market. This paper also investigate whether regulator could effectively take a role in materializing demands for Islamic securities and whether regulator declaration is more convincing than sharia compliance declaration between IDX and KLSE.Methods - We use descriptive analytic and literature study to see the background, market ...

  16. The Impact of Market Orientation on the Performance of Islamic Banks (Case Study: Jordanian Islamic Banks)

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Mahmud Aqel Abu Dalbooh

    2014-01-01

    The aims of study to know the "impact of market orientation on Islamic banks” according to the perspective of the market" for customers, competitors, and jobs, and due to its importance, it focuses on addressing the problems faced by the performance of Islamic banks operating in Jordan. The study showed public and private obstacles facing the Jordanian banking performance according to the perspective of a change in the needs and desires of customers, competition situation, and...

  17. Si Bule Masuk Islam: Western Converts to Islam in Indonesia - more than just Converts of Convenience?

    OpenAIRE

    M. A. Kevin Brice

    2015-01-01

    In discussing converts to Islam, two different types of converts are often identified based on the reason for conversion: converts of convenience and converts of conviction. The common view is that in most (if not all) cases, conversion to Islam in Indonesia by Westerners is about facilitating marriage and so the converts should be classified as converts of convenience. Evidence of the commonality of this view is considered by reference to advice offered to Westerners about marriage to Indone...

  18. MODEL KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM MULTIKULTURAL DI PONDOK PESANTREN MODERN ISLAM ASSALAM SURAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Aly

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to: (1) investigate the curriculum planning of Assalaam Modern Islamic Boarding School Surakarta (henceforth MIBS) and its multicultural values; (2) understand the implementation of Assalaam MIBS curriculum and its multicultural values; (3) reveal the curriculum evaluation of  Assalaam MIBS and its multicultural values; and (4) search a model of curriculum development for multicultural Islamic Boarding Schools. This research produces 4 find- ings. First, closely investigate...

  19. Design and Implementation of an Interactive System for Teaching the Islamic Prayer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farsi, Mohammed; Munro, Malcolm

    2016-01-01

    Background: The Islamic Prayer is central to the Islam religion and is a requirement for all Muslims to learn and perform properly. Teaching the Islamic Prayer had traditionally been through the use of textbooks. Aims: This paper describes the design and implementation of the iIP (interactive Islamic Prayer) system to teach the Islamic prayer…

  20. FEMINISME ISLAM: KONTEKSTUALISASI PRINSIP-PRINSIP AJARAN ISLAM DALAM RELASI GENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Rosadi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Gender issues come into being in Muslim world as a result of their interactions with modern western civilization through either colonialism or other ways. In addition to this external factor which can be regarded as triggering factor by which Muslim women’s awareness of their duties and rights started to emerge and develop, domination of men-biased interpretation of Islamic teachings also played an essential role in triggering the discours on gender issues. One of the responses to this issue is what so called Islamic feminism in Muslim world is a reaction to unjust but prevailing understanding and practice of Islamic teachings with regard to gender relation in favour of men. There are various issues related to this topic, but this article only contains the discussion on several Quranic verses regarding gender relation stating at the end that any interpretations of these verses is subject to change due to its profane nature. The principle is one: the core of Quranic spirit is equality. Finally, since the social fact of inequality of Muslim womens is very much influenced and shaped by men-biased interpretations, so Islamic Feminism is in fact more related to patriarchal value rather than divine one Keywords : Feminisme Islam, Kontekstualisasi prinsip ajaran Islam dan Relasi GenderCopyright © 2011 by Kafa`ah All right reservedDOI : 10.15548/jk.v1i1.33

  1. FEMINISME ISLAM: KONTEKSTUALISASI PRINSIP-PRINSIP AJARAN ISLAM DALAM RELASI GENDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Rosadi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Gender issues come into being in Muslim world as a result of their interactions with modern western civilization through either colonialism or other ways. In addition to this external factor which can be regarded as triggering factor by which Muslim women’s awareness of their duties and rights started to emerge and develop, domination of men-biased interpretation of Islamic teachings also played an essential role in triggering the discours on gender issues. One of the responses to this issue is what so called Islamic feminism in Muslim world is a reaction to unjust but prevailing understanding and practice of Islamic teachings with regard to gender relation in favour of men. There are various issues related to this topic, but this article only contains the discussion on several Quranic verses regarding gender relation stating at the end that any interpretations of these verses is subject to change due to its profane nature. The principle is one: the core of Quranic spirit is equality. Finally, since the social fact of inequality of Muslim womens is very much influenced and shaped by men-biased interpretations, so Islamic Feminism is in fact more related to patriarchal value rather than divine one Keywords : Feminisme Islam, Kontekstualisasi prinsip ajaran Islam dan Relasi GenderCopyright © 2011 by Kafa`ah All right reservedDOI : 10.15548/jk.v1i1.33

  2. Organ transplantation: A Sunni Islamic perspective

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    Mohammed Albar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the standpoints of Muslim jurists within the Sunni tradition on organ transplantation. Muslim jurists allowed different forms of bone grafts (autograft, allograft and xenograft for widely broken bones. Ibn Sina in 1037 discussed this subject in Al-Kanoon 1000 years ago. In 1959, the Muftis of Egypt and Tunisia allowed, under specific conditions, corneal transplants from dead persons. Thereafter, many fatwas (jurisprudence on organ trans-plantation have been issued from different parts of the Muslim world. In Amman, Jordan, the International Islamic Jurist Council recognized brain-death as a recognized sign of death in Islam in October 1986. This paved the way for organ transplantation from brain-dead persons, which started immediately in Saudi Arabia. In 1990 and 2003, the International Islamic Fiqh Academy (IIFA and the Islamic Fiqh Academy (IFA issued important fatwas on organ transplantation. By the end of 2008, more than 3600 organs were transplanted from brain-dead persons in Saudi Arabia.

  3. Identity and Islamic Radicalization in Western Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Murshed (Syed); S. Pavan (Sara)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis paper argues that both socio-economic disadvantage and political factors, such as the West’s foreign policy with regard to the Muslim world, along with historical grievances, play a part in the development of Islamic radicalized collective action in Western Europe. We emphasise the

  4. An Islamic Perspective on Environmental Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Hola, Imfadi

    2009-01-01

    Man's relationship with the environment is crucial. He can use its natural resources, but not in jest. No damaging or overuse behavior should be the dominant behavior. Religious values and rules play an important role in achieving the balance in the environment. One big goal of Islam is to make the life easy and safe. Moreover, in Islamic…

  5. DISCOVERING INDONESIAN ISLAM THROUGH FATÂWÂ

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    Ahmad Fathan Aniq

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the field of Indonesian-Islam studies, Hooker’s ‘Indonesian Islam’ is a welcome contribution to the scholarship. Unlike other Western scholars who study Indonesian Islam through anthropology, Hooker through his publication tries to show us that Islam in contemporary Indonesia can be known from fatâwâ (pl. fatwa that have been responding matters of Indonesian Muslim society, have colored them and have been followed by them. For this reason, Hooker chooses four main Indonesian fatwa-issuing institutions which have been responding to challenges of modernity. They are Persatuan Islam (Persis, Muhammadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU and Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI and further, they are called “sources” or sources of fatâwâ. As a focus of the study, Hooker takes the fatâwâ from 1920s to the 1990s, from the period of colonialism to independence, which encompass the vast political, social and legal changes of this period.

  6. Identity and Islamic Radicalization in Western Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.M. Murshed (Syed); S. Pavan (Sara)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis paper argues that both socio-economic disadvantage and political factors, such as the West’s foreign policy with regard to the Muslim world, along with historical grievances, play a part in the development of Islamic radicalized collective action in Western Europe. We emphasise the

  7. Syed Manzoorul Islam's Postmodern Tales: A Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarker, Md Abdul Momen; Talukder, Tusar

    2016-01-01

    The paper brings into focus how Syed Manzoorul Islam, in his three-decade-long literary career, has mastered a narrative style that sets him apart from many of his Bengali contemporaries. It demonstrates all the traits unique to his storytelling: blurring of boundaries between dream and reality, self-reflexivity, irony, and humor. The research…

  8. ISLAMIC EDUCATION ACCORDING TO IMAM GHAZALI

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    Muhammad Khairil Mustofa

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Education has principles place it upright in the material, interaction, innovation and ideals. As with any medicine, engineering or agriculture, respectively can not stand alone but rather a means by which practiced a number of science are closely related to each other and intertwined copy. Islam has a number of characteristics extracted from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad, as a source of Islamic teachings. Among the contents of Islamic education that is education of faith, amaliah education, scientific education, moral education and social education. Among one of the leaders of Islamic education was Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad Al-Ghazali, he has thought with regard to aspects relating to education, namely the aspect of educational goals, curricula, methods, ethics teacher and student ethics. Turns education according to Imam Al-Ghazali remains actual until now to prove the Law on National Education System (Education Chapter II, Article 3: "For the development of students' potentials to become a man of faith and fear of God Almighty". So it can be concluded that education according to Imam Al-Ghazali has six pillars as mentioned above.

  9. POLITICAL ISLAM IN THE 21ST CENTURY

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    Ferran Izquierdo Brichs

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1980s, political Islam or Islamism has created enormous concern both in the political media and the news media. The revolution in Iran in the late 1970s and the election victory by FIS in Algeria in the late 1980s represented two decisive points in the popular and ideological mobilisation by Islamist groups. Immediately after that, the civil war in Algeria and terrorist violence left their mark on the 1990s. The perception of Islamism today is still associated, in many cases, with the dynamics of the end of the past century, and with the jihadism of a few fundamentalist groups, without taking into account the fact that the majority of Islamist groups have undergone an enormous evolution, and that the context in which they are operating is also very different. As we will see, instead of the jihadism or the ideological radicalness of the past century, today’s political Islam is much better represented by the moderation (both ideological and in terms of political activity of Turkey’s AKP party, the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Morocco’s PJD, Tunisia’s al-Nahdah and most of the parties and large groups. Central factors in this dynamic of moderation are, on one hand, the link between Islamist groups with regimes and, on the other, the claims for and acceptance of liberal democracy as a strategy in their political struggle.

  10. Pengasuhan Anak Yatim dalam Prespektif Pendidikan Islam

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    Fauziyah Masyhari

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas pengasuhan anak yatim dalam perspektif pendidikan Islam. Ada dua pertanyaan penting: (1 apa maksud pengasuhan anak yatim itu? (2 bagaimana pola asuh anak yatim dalam pendidikan Islam? Kajian ini menyimpulkan bahwa: (1 pengasuhan anak yatim yaitu proses perbuatan mengasuh, menjaga, dan membimbing yang dilakukan oleh orang dewasa, sebagai upaya membentuk kepribadian yang sempurna (kāmil; (2 Pola asuh anak yatim memiliki dua bentuk, yaitu: pertama, bentuk keluarga, di mana keluarga tertentu mengangkat anak yatim untuk dijadikan anak asuh; kedua, bentuk panti asuhan atau asrama yang biasanya dikelola oleh yayasan tertentu. This article discusses the care of orphans in the perspective of Islamic education. There are two important questions: (1 what is an orphan care? (2 how is the pattern of orphan care in Islamic education? This study concludes that: (1 upbringing of orphans is the process of parenting, guarding and guiding by adults, in an attempt to form a perfect personality (kāmil; (2 The pattern of foster care of orphans has two forms, namely: first, the form of the family, in which the particular family appoints the orphan to be a foster child; second, the form of an orphanage or dormitory that is usually managed by a particular foundation.

  11. Islam and the History of Religions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shippee, Arthur W.

    1990-01-01

    Considers the difficulties presented when studying the Islamic religion through the current approach to history of religions and offers reasons for this phenomena. Examines the academic methodology in studying the history of religion, and traces its evolution. Examines major scholarly figures in the study of religion field. (RW)

  12. MARTYRS OR TERRORISTS: SUICIDE BOMBING IN ISLAMIC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Alfa

    Ilorin Journal of Religious Studies, (IJOURELS). Vol.5 No.1, 2015, pp.119-137 .... are Israel/Palestine groups, Chechnya rebel, the Taliban of Pakistan and. Afghanistan ... in his stomach in the fire of Hell forever‖.30. However, Islam ... alternatives to deal with problems, culminating in a final decision that death represents ...

  13. Islamic Education, Eco-Ethics and Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Najma

    2014-01-01

    Amid the growing coalescence between the religion and ecology movements, the voice of Muslims who care for the earth and its people is rising. While the Islamic position on the environment is not well-represented in the ecotheology discourse, it advances an environmental imaginary which shows how faith can be harnessed as a vehicle for social…

  14. Understanding Islam: Perspectives of a Turkish Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunel, Elvan

    2008-01-01

    Students come from many different family, cultural, and religious backgrounds. Learning about Islam can help U.S. teachers to understand their students and their own society, as well as to more deeply comprehend history and better interpret current events. In this article, the author recommends some websites (and occasionally books) that can…

  15. Social Studies Education in Turkey and Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonga, Deniz

    2016-01-01

    Religion is one of the important factors that affect the human life. The concept of religion has a significant place within the scope of social studies education. Religion is a concept closely related to citizenship and value educations. As for the studies conducted in the field of social studies in Turkey, there have been few studies on Islam.…

  16. Humanism, Islamic Education, and Confucian Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Charlene; Ibrahim, Azhar

    2017-01-01

    This article explores and compares the salient characteristics and educational influences of humanism in both Islam and Confucianism. It is argued that the humanist tradition in both belief systems upholds the development and transforming ability of human beings. A common aim of education is to nurture God/Way-conscious and virtuous individuals…

  17. Exploring Islamic Culture with Uncle Sam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Melody Specht

    2005-01-01

    The Iraq war has generated interest combined with apprehension in young minds as to the nature of "the other", in this case Islam and its followers. Attempts by the U.S. Government to allay negative impressions by means of information through specialized web portals are highlighted.

  18. The Zoology of the classical islamic culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe; Aarab, Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    This article brings a survey of research on the science of zoology in the Classical Arabic/Islamic Culture as revealed in texts on this subject written in Classical Arabic from the second half of the 8th century to the 15th century A.D. In the light of recent research and by use of examples from...

  19. Membaca Kembali Akar Konflik Islam-Kristen

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    Zainal Arifin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the extent of the roots of the conflict between Muslim-Christian and some new horizons full of hope about the relationship between them because both communities derived from the same ancestor, Abraham. Relationship between Islam and Christianity has been (and always ambivalent: between conflict and peace, between harmony and discord. Qur’an, the scripture of Moslem, invites others to build an inter-religious dialogue in fair and just way. Qur’an has also put the fundamental principle such as political, economic, social and theological considerations. Since Islam and Christianity have identical sources, it is rather unproblematic to look for the equal methods and systems that could effectively found the dialogue. This article intends to discover the roots of conflict within relationship between Islam and Christianity and try to find new perspectives. This paper will discuss claim of theological finality between Islam and Christianity, Christian justification on the crusades and the efforts to build dialogue and harmony. Seeing such conditions, the world does not remind silent. It means, religious people at the International and Regional takes steps persuasive that is by holding meetings with inter-religious dialogue (inter-faith for a discussion and find solutions of the problems that arise in the middle of cosmopolitan community by promoting the agenda of humanity, justice, and equality, and peace locally and regionally.

  20. KRITIK TEORI BELAJAR MENURUT PANDANGAN ISLAM

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    Sadiran Sadiran

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Education requires that a teacher in addition to having a deep and broad knowledge of science to be taught, but also must be able to convey that knowledge effectively and efficiently and have a noble character. About the need for a noble character of a teacher has long been a concern and a review of the scholars of Islam in the century classic. For example, Ibn Muqaffa say that good teachers are teachers who want to try to start by educating themselves, improve their behavior, straightening his thoughts, and keep the words he said before delivering it to others. While the Imam Al-Ghazali said that: a teacher who deliver science should be clean, do and act as guidance as, being affectionate towards his pupils and students should treat them like his own son, the teacher must always control, advise, give a message - a message of moral about science and the future of their students and do not let them proceed to a higher learning before they have mastered the previous lesson and have a noble character. Balance the development of science (reason and morality (the heart of behavior is something that should always be controlled by the teacher. That is the teacher who in addition to foster reasonable intelligence can grow his thoughts also a noble character. So the theory of education according to Islamic education is to be as guidance as, being affectionate towards his pupils and students should treat them like his own son, the teacher must always control, advise, give a message - a moral message about science and the future of their students and do not let them continue learning to a higher before they have mastered the previous lesson and have a noble character. Islamic education in various aspects based on the values of noble and godlike universal, then the strategic step for us Muslims should realize the theory of learning by implementing Islamic education in accordance with the nature and character. In contrast to the theory of learning