WorldWideScience

Sample records for ju active duty

  1. JU

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    survey/study tools, data collection, processing and analysis of data, drawing of action plan, ... and writing communication competencies. ... Information technology: this is a skill which grew as the resources in JU improve. This is the area which ...

  2. Differences in hepatic cytochrome P450 activity correlate with the strain-specific biotransformation of medetomidine in AX/JU and IIIVO/JU inbred rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avsaroglu, H; Bull, S; Maas-Bakker, R F; Scherpenisse, P; Van Lith, H A; Bergwerff, A A; Hellebrekers, L J; Van Zutphen, L F M; Fink-Gremmels, J

    2008-08-01

    Medetomidine is an alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist with sedative and analgesic properties. Previously we demonstrated significant differences in the response to medetomidine between two inbred rabbit strains, denoted IIIVO/JU and AX/JU. The aim of the present study was twofold: first, to compare the hepatic CYP450 enzyme activities between these rabbit strains [n = 13(male male,7 female female)/strain]. To this end, liver microsomes were incubated with known fluorescent substrates for the major drug-metabolizing CYP450 isoforms. A comparison of the obtained results indicated significant gender differences as well as differences between the two rabbit inbred strains. Secondly, the biotransformation rate of medetomidine in liver microsomes of both rabbit strains was determined using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. The rate of hydroxymedetomidine and medetomidine carboxylic acid formation was found to be significantly higher in the AX/JU strain. Specific CYP2D and CYP2E inhibitors could decrease the formation of both metabolites. Significant correlations were found between the rate of biotransformation of medetomidine and the activities of CYP2D and CYP2E, as well as between CYP450 enzyme activities and the anaesthetic response to medetomidine.

  3. Mental Health Concerns: Veterans & Active Duty

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NAMI to 741741 Find Help Living with a Mental Health Condition Family Members and Caregivers Teens and Young Adults Veterans & Active Duty Diverse Communities LGBTQ NAMI Programs Discussion Groups NAMI HelpLine Get Involved stigma free Learn how you can help replace stigma ...

  4. Melanoma in an Active Duty Marine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartling, Samantha J; Rivard, Shayna C; Meyerle, Jon H

    2017-09-01

    Given that the majority of active duty service members are young and healthy, potentially malignant diagnoses such as skin cancer may be overlooked. Although melanoma accounts for only approximately 1% of skin cancers, it causes the greatest majority of skin cancer deaths. We present the case of a 27-year-old active duty Marine who presented with a hyperpigmented macule at his lateral neck that was a malignant melanoma in situ. This article reviews risk factors for the development of melanoma, offers guidelines for primary care providers, reviews resources for providers in a deployed or austere environment, offers recommendations for prevention and early diagnosis, and discusses follow up. Reprint & Copyright © 2017 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  5. Study on the effects of sulfur fumigation on chemical constituents and antioxidant activity of Chrysanthemum morifolium cv. Hang-ju.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shan; Hao, Li-Juan; Zhu, Jing-Jing; Zhang, Qi-Wei; Wang, Zhi-Min; Zhang, Xian; Song, Xiao-mei

    2014-04-15

    The traditional after-harvesting drying method of C. morifolium cv. Hang-ju (HJ) is sun drying, but recently sulfur fumigation is increasingly used as a cheap and convenient method. However, the effects of sulfur fumigation on chemical constituents and potential activities of HJ were unknown. A comprehensively comparison of the chemical profiles between non-fumigated HJ (NHJ) and sulfur-fumigated HJ (SHJ) was conducted by HPLC fingerprints analysis and the discrepant peaks were identified or tentatively assigned by HPLC-ESI/MS(n). Dramatic chemical changes were found that the contents of 4 flavonoid aglycones remarkably increased while those of 7 glycosides significantly reduced which suggested that sulfur-fumigation induced flavonoid glycosides transformed into aglycons by hydrolysis reaction. A significant loss of hydroxycinnamoylquinic acids showed the sulfur fumigation was a destructive effect on HJ. Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to rapidly discriminate NHJ and SHJ samples. By ICP-OES analysis, it was found that the residue of sulfur of SHJ were three times higher than NHJ (p<0.05). The antioxidant activity of NHJ and SHJ were evaluated by DPPH and FRAP assay, and the results showed that NHJ had much stronger antioxidant activities than SCF (p<0.05). Combining the results of chemical analysis, residue of sulfur and pharmacological evaluation, it showed that the sulfur fumigation was a destructive effect on HJ.

  6. 7 CFR 3550.158 - Active military duty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... include participation in a military reserve or the National Guard unless the borrower is called to active... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Active military duty. 3550.158 Section 3550.158... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Regular Servicing § 3550.158 Active military...

  7. The Burden of Disability among Active Duty Air Force Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    stress, their nutrition and health behaviors would be important for formulating recommendations regarding short and long term health objectives. T...1998). Stress fractures in Female Army Recruits: Implications of Bone Density, Calcium Intake, and Exercise. Journal of American College of Nutrition ...sick days, light duty days and reduced deployability. For the ADF, the major cause of non- combatant injury is sports activity; rugby , touch

  8. Pulmonary effects of active smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among adolescent students in Juárez, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bird Y

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Yelena Bird,1 Hugo Staines-Orozco2 1School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada; 2Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Anillo Envolvente del PRONAF y Calle Estocolmo, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico Background: Youth smoking trends among Latin American countries, including Mexico, are on the rise. Notably, although the high prevalence of smoking in teens has been well documented in the literature, few studies have evaluated the impact of smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS exposure on their respiratory system.  Objective: To investigate the effects of smoking and SHS exposure on the respiratory health and lung function among eighth-grade students in Juárez, Mexico. Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken on a sample of convenience. The study outcomes centered on evaluating 300 students’ lung function by spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio [FEV1/FVC], and forced mid-expiratory flow rate [FEF25%–75%] and their respiratory health (smoking behavior and SHS exposure by their self-reported responses to a standardized respiratory questionnaire. The study outcomes were compared among three distinct groups: 1 nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS; 2 nonsmokers/exposed to SHS; and 3 smokers. Results: The majority of the study participants were 14 years old (85%, females (54%, who attended eighth grade in a public school setting (56%. Approximately, half reported being of low socioeconomic status (49% and nonsmokers/exposed to SHS (49%. The lung function parameters of smokers were found to be lower (FEV1 =62.88±10.25; FEV1/FVC =83.50±14.15; and FEF25%–75% =66.35±12.55 than those recorded for the nonsmokers/exposed to SHS (FEV1 =69.41±11.35; FEV1/FVC =88.75±15.75; and FEF25%–75% =78.90±14.65 and significantly reduced when compared to the nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS (FEV1 =79.14±13

  9. Barriers and Facilitators of Breastfeeding for Primiparous Active Duty Military Mothers: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-05-11

    BARRIERS AND FACILITATORS OF BREASTFEEDING FOR PRIMIPAROUS ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY MOTHERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY Kristine Markley Bristow APPROVED...BREASTFEEDING FOR PRIMIPAROUS ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY MOTHERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY” beyond brief excerpts is with the permission of the copyright owner, and...breastfeeding for primiparous active duty military mothers, from their perspective, using a Husserlian phenomenological approach. A semi-structured

  10. Virtual reality exposure therapy for active duty soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reger, Greg M; Gahm, Gregory A

    2008-08-01

    Virtual reality exposure (VRE) therapy is a promising treatment for a variety of anxiety disorders and has recently been extended to the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this article, the authors briefly review the rationale for VRE and its key processes. They illustrate the treatment with an active-duty Army soldier diagnosed with combat-related PTSD. Six sessions of VRE were provided using an immersive simulation of a military convoy in Iraq. Self-reported PTSD symptoms and psychological distress were reduced at posttreatment relative to pretreatment reports, as assessed by the PTSD Checklist-Military Version and the Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale-24. The case outcomes parallel those reported in the research with other disorders and suggest the applicability of VRE in treating active duty soldiers with combat-related PTSD.

  11. 2012 Survey of Active Duty Spouses: Tabulations of Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    unit ................. 88 2012 Survey of Active Duty Spouses DMDC v k. My work unit produces high quality products and services... telework preference. 3. Permanent Change of Station (PCS) Moves—Number of spouse moves, length of time since most recent PCS move, length of time...you agree or disagree with the following statements about your workplace? k. My work unit produces high quality products and services. 1. Strongly

  12. 1999 Survey of Active Duty Personnel: Administration, Datasets, and Codebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-12-01

    Bachelor’s degree (e.g., BA, AB, BS) H Ο Master’s, doctoral degree, or professional school degree (e.g., MA/MS/PhD/MD/JD/DVM) SRED */SREDA...Active Duty Personnel, the following items fall into this category: SRSEX (gender), SRAGE (age), SRESL (English as a Second Language), SRED ...Appendix D." D-25 32. SRED , SREDA-SREDH, SREDHI. Although this item asks for one (highest grade or degree) response, respondents frequently mark

  13. Pulmonary effects of active smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among adolescent students in Juárez, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Yelena; Staines-Orozco, Hugo

    2016-01-01

    Youth smoking trends among Latin American countries, including Mexico, are on the rise. Notably, although the high prevalence of smoking in teens has been well documented in the literature, few studies have evaluated the impact of smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on their respiratory system. To investigate the effects of smoking and SHS exposure on the respiratory health and lung function among eighth-grade students in Juárez, Mexico. A cross-sectional study was undertaken on a sample of convenience. The study outcomes centered on evaluating 300 students' lung function by spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio [FEV1/FVC], and forced mid-expiratory flow rate [FEF25%-75%]) and their respiratory health (smoking behavior and SHS exposure) by their self-reported responses to a standardized respiratory questionnaire. The study outcomes were compared among three distinct groups: 1) nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS; 2) nonsmokers/exposed to SHS; and 3) smokers. The majority of the study participants were 14 years old (85%), females (54%), who attended eighth grade in a public school setting (56%). Approximately, half reported being of low socioeconomic status (49%) and nonsmokers/exposed to SHS (49%). The lung function parameters of smokers were found to be lower (FEV1 =62.88±10.25; FEV1/FVC =83.50±14.15; and FEF25%-75% =66.35±12.55) than those recorded for the nonsmokers/exposed to SHS (FEV1 =69.41±11.35; FEV1/FVC =88.75±15.75; and FEF25%-75% =78.90±14.65) and significantly reduced when compared to the nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS (FEV1 =79.14±13.61; FEV1/FVC =94.88±21.88; and FEF25%-75% =87.36±17.02) (Psmoking and, to a lesser extent, exposure to SHS in adolescence leads to increased respiratory symptoms and reduction of pulmonary function test values. Public health initiatives that aim to prevent smoking initiation, assist in cessation, and lessen SHS exposure of

  14. Pulmonary effects of active smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among adolescent students in Juárez, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Yelena; Staines-Orozco, Hugo

    2016-01-01

    Background Youth smoking trends among Latin American countries, including Mexico, are on the rise. Notably, although the high prevalence of smoking in teens has been well documented in the literature, few studies have evaluated the impact of smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on their respiratory system. Objective To investigate the effects of smoking and SHS exposure on the respiratory health and lung function among eighth-grade students in Juárez, Mexico. Methods A cross-sectional study was undertaken on a sample of convenience. The study outcomes centered on evaluating 300 students’ lung function by spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1], forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity ratio [FEV1/FVC], and forced mid-expiratory flow rate [FEF25%–75%]) and their respiratory health (smoking behavior and SHS exposure) by their self-reported responses to a standardized respiratory questionnaire. The study outcomes were compared among three distinct groups: 1) nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS; 2) nonsmokers/exposed to SHS; and 3) smokers. Results The majority of the study participants were 14 years old (85%), females (54%), who attended eighth grade in a public school setting (56%). Approximately, half reported being of low socioeconomic status (49%) and nonsmokers/exposed to SHS (49%). The lung function parameters of smokers were found to be lower (FEV1 =62.88±10.25; FEV1/FVC =83.50±14.15; and FEF25%–75% =66.35±12.55) than those recorded for the nonsmokers/exposed to SHS (FEV1 =69.41±11.35; FEV1/FVC =88.75±15.75; and FEF25%–75% =78.90±14.65) and significantly reduced when compared to the nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS (FEV1 =79.14±13.61; FEV1/FVC =94.88±21.88; and FEF25%–75% =87.36±17.02) (P<0.001). Similarly, respiratory complaints were more prevalent among smokers and those exposed to SHS when compared to nonsmokers/nonexposed to SHS. Conclusion Our findings suggest that initiation of cigarette smoking and, to a

  15. Chronic pain management in the active-duty military

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.

    2012-06-01

    As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

  16. 2012 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members. Survey Note and Briefing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    Exercises /Alerts Percent of Active Duty Members Who Experienced Unwanted Sexual Contact, by Gender WGRA 2012 Q35 Margins of error range from ±4% to ±12...harassment in the active duty force. This survey note and accompanying briefing (Appendix) provide information on the prevalence rates of sexual ...ELATIONS SURVEYSH R 2012 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members 2 Unwanted Sexual Contact 2006 2010 2012 Women: 6.8% Men

  17. U.S. Army Medical Command Injury Summary, Active Duty Personnel, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    ABSTRACT Injuries pose a major public health problem for the U.S. Army, impacting almost 300,000 active duty Army Soldiers annually leading to over 1.4...outpatient visits) were obtained from the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center in May 2015 for active duty Army personnel assigned to MEDCOM. Trends in...11 Tables 1 Frequency of Acute Injuries by Location and Diagnosis (Barell Matrix), Active Duty

  18. Decision-Making Styles of Active-Duty Police Officers: A Multiple-Case Occupational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calhoun, Patrick Wayne

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about the decision-making styles of active-duty police officers or what the consequences of not understanding those decision-making styles may be. The purpose of the study was to describe the demographics and decision-making profiles of active-duty police officers, as well as any relationships that may exist among these variables,…

  19. Ju(u)be(l)dused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Viljandis Sakala keskuses toimunud huumoripeol "Grupipilt" selgusid Edmund Valtmani nimelise X Karikatuurivõistluse "Ju(u)be(l)dused" kuus parimat karikaturisti. Ka Edmund Valtmani eluloolisi andmeid

  20. Ju(u)be(l)dused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Viljandis Sakala keskuses toimunud huumoripeol "Grupipilt" selgusid Edmund Valtmani nimelise X Karikatuurivõistluse "Ju(u)be(l)dused" kuus parimat karikaturisti. Ka Edmund Valtmani eluloolisi andmeid

  1. Idiopathic renal infarction in a previously healthy active duty soldier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eickhoff, Christa; Mei, Jian M; Martinez, Jorge; Little, Dustin

    2014-02-01

    Renal infarction (RI) is rare, and usually occurs in patients with associated comorbidities. The majority of reported cases have presented with laboratory abnormalities, most notably leukocytosis and elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). A 50-year-old active duty white male nonsmoker without medical history presented with flank pain. Urinalysis, complete blood count, LDH, and serum creatinine were normal. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis showed a right-sided RI. The patient was admitted to the hospital and anticoagulated. Laboratory values remained normal, and a comprehensive workup failed to reveal an etiology for his RI. RI is rare, and affected patients often present with symptoms similar to more common conditions such as lumbago or nephrolithiasis. Elevated LDH may be a clue to the diagnosis, but unlike 92% of the reviewed cases, our patient presented with a normal value. This case suggests that clinicians should consider RI in patients with persistent symptoms for whom more common causes of flank pain have been excluded; including in nonsmoking patients without apparent risk factors for infarction who present with a normal LDH and no leukocytosis.

  2. Caffeine consumption among active duty United States Air Force personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Austin, Krista G; McGraw, Susan M; Leahy, Guy D; Lieberman, Harris R

    2017-07-01

    Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicated that 89% of Americans regularly consumed caffeinated products, but these data did not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine consumption prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with caffeine intake in active duty United States (US) Air Force personnel. Service members (N = 1787) stationed in the US and overseas completed a detailed questionnaire describing their intake of caffeine-containing products in addition to their demographic, lifestyle, and military characteristics. Overall, 84% reported consuming caffeinated products ≥1 time/week with caffeine consumers ingesting a mean ± standard error of 212 ± 9 mg/day (224 ± 11 mg/day for men, 180 ± 12 mg/day for women). The most commonly consumed caffeinated products (% users) were sodas (56%), coffee (45%), teas (36%), and energy drinks (27%). Multivariate logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine consumption (≥1 time/week) included older age, ethnicity other than black, tobacco use, less aerobic training, and less sleep; energy drink use was associated with male gender, younger age, tobacco use, and less sleep. Compared to NHANES data, the prevalence of caffeine consumption in Air Force personnel was similar but daily consumption (mg/day) was higher. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  3. Active-duty military service, cohabiting unions, and the transition to marriage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A small but growing body of research has begun to identify the consequences of military service during the all-voluntary era. In this article, we examine the relationship between military service and the likelihood that cohabiting unions will be converted into marriages. Our paper extends previous research by making a distinction between the effects of active-duty verses reserve-duty service on the transition to marriage using data from the 1979-2004 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY. Our findings indicate that there is a positive relationship between active-duty service and cohabitors transitioning to marriage.

  4. 2016 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members: Frequently Asked Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    techniques to draw conclusions from random, representative samples of the active duty populations. To construct estimates for the 2016 Workplace and...industry standards used by government statistical agencies including the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Agricultural Statistical

  5. Analysis of Suicide Behaviors in the Navy Active Duty and Reserve Component Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Hardships and Life Stressors Negative life events can greatly impact individual stress and precipitate behaviors associated with suicide across all... SUICIDE BEHAVIORS IN THE NAVY ACTIVE DUTY AND RESERVE COMPONENT POPULATION by Neeta Serena Blankenship Kristin M. Shepherd March 2015 Thesis...March 2015 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ANALYSIS OF SUICIDE BEHAVIORS IN THE NAVY ACTIVE DUTY AND

  6. Predictive Duty Cycle Control of Three-Phase Active-Front-End Rectifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Song, Zhanfeng; Tian, Yanjun; Chen, Wei;

    2016-01-01

    of optimal duty cycles is made by predicting the effect of duty cycles on instantaneous current variations and minimizing the cost function. Due to the adoption of behavior prediction, the proposed controller inherits the excellent dynamic characteristics of predictive controllers. Moreover, the application......This paper proposed an on-line optimizing duty cycle control approach for three-phase active-front-end rectifiers, aiming to obtain the optimal control actions under different operating conditions. Similar to finite control set model predictive control strategy, a cost function previously...... of optimal duty cycles determined by cost function minimization automatically ensures optimum operations of converters within each sampling period. Improved transient and steady-state features of the proposed strategy are confirmed by experimental validations and in-depth comparisons with linear controllers...

  7. Predicting Active Duty Air Force Pilot Attrition Given an Anticipated Increase in Major Airline Pilot Hiring

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    the post???Vietnam War pilot exodus . Using logistic regression analysis and focusing on active duty Air Force pilots in the first three years...hiring that resembles the late 1990s surge, in which the Air Force endured its largest loss of pilots since the post–Vietnam War pilot exodus . Using...required). However, a large exodus of active duty 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 15,000 16,000 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 To ta

  8. Predictors of Long Term Opioid Use in Active Duty Military: Psyhotropics, Procedures, Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-16

    SGVU SUBJECT: Professional Presentation Approval 12 APR 20 17 1. Your paper, entitled Predictors of Long-term Opioid Use in Active Duty Militarv...Tt.e 53 CRDJPulllk:atlons 11no Fre~enl11lk>ns Sectlm wll rocne lhe reques-1 form lo Clnl~l l nYe5o1,Q41.or.s, :02 ISG/JAC < Ethics Re-.ie\\\\’f and Pul...aoo Subsequelllt Adv·ern~ Effects 6. TITLE O F MATE.~l.._\\. TO BE PUBU&~ED OR F RESENTED : Predictors of Locg-term Opto3d Use ic Activ~ Duty Military

  9. 78 FR 70533 - Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative... Preliminary Results of the fifth antidumping duty administrative review on certain activated carbon from the.... \\1\\ See Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of...

  10. Risk Factors for Clinically Significant Intimate Partner Violence among Active-Duty Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith Slep, Amy M.; Foran, Heather M.; Heyman, Richard E.; Snarr, Jeffery D.

    2011-01-01

    Hypothesized risk factors for men's and women's clinically significant intimate partner violence (CS-IPV) from four ecological levels (i.e., individual, family, workplace, community) were tested in a representative sample of active-duty U.S. Air Force members (N = 42,744). When considered together, we expected only individual and family factors to…

  11. Prospective post-traumatic stress disorder symptom trajectories in active duty and separated military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Ben; Bonanno, George A; Frasco, Melissa A; Dursa, Erin K; Boyko, Edward J

    2017-01-30

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious mental illness that affects current and former military service members at a disproportionately higher rate than the civilian population. Prior studies have shown that PTSD symptoms follow multiple trajectories in civilians and military personnel. The current study examines whether the trajectories of PTSD symptoms of veterans separated from the military are similar to continuously serving military personnel. The Millennium Cohort Study is a population-based study of military service members that commenced in 2001 with follow-up assessments occurring approximately every 3 years thereafter. PTSD symptoms were assessed at each time point using the PTSD Checklist. Latent growth mixture modeling was used to compare PTSD symptom trajectories between personnel who separated (veterans; n = 5292) and personnel who remained in military service (active duty; n = 16,788). Four distinct classes (resilient, delayed-onset, improving, and elevated-recovering) described PTSD symptoms trajectories in both veterans and active duty personnel. Trajectory shapes were qualitatively similar between active duty and veterans. However, within the resilient, improving, and elevated recovering classes, the shapes were statistically different. Although the low-symptom class was the most common in both groups (veterans: 82%; active duty: 87%), veterans were more likely to be classified in the other three classes (in all cases, p military and civilian life.

  12. Training Extract. AFSC 4D0X1 Diet Therapy (Active Duty)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-07-01

    212* 23* 52* 49* 109* 51* V0165 Diet (s) exp- Vegan Diet ...2* 2* V0165 Diet (s) exp- Vegan Diet TOT ALL AETC ACC AMC PAC AFE...UNITED STATES AIR FORCE TRAINING EXTRACT AFSC 4D0X1 DIET THERAPY (ACTIVE DUTY) OSSN: 2472 JULY 2002 OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS PROGRAM AIR FORCE

  13. Influence of Spirituality on Depression, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Suicidality in Active Duty Military Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurel L. Hourani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the role of spirituality as a potential coping mechanism for military personnel is important given growing concern about the mental health issues of personnel returning from war. This study seeks to determine the extent to which spirituality is associated with selected mental health problems among active duty military personnel and whether it moderates the relationship between combat exposure/deployment and (a depression, (b posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, and (c suicidality in active duty military personnel. Data were drawn from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel. Over 24,000 randomly selected active duty personnel worldwide completed an anonymous self-report questionnaire. High spirituality had a significant protective effect only for depression symptoms. Medium, as opposed to high or low, levels of spirituality buffered each of the mental health outcomes to some degree. Medium and low spirituality levels predicted depression symptoms but only among those with moderate combat exposure. Medium spirituality levels also predicted PTSD symptoms among those with moderate levels of combat exposure and predicted self-reported suicidal ideation/attempt among those never deployed. These results point to the complex relationship between spirituality and mental health, particularly among military personnel and the need for further research.

  14. 8 CFR 329.5 - Natives of the Philippines with active duty service during World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Natives of the Philippines with active duty service during World War II. 329.5 Section 329.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... of the Philippines with active duty service during World War II. (a) A person desiring to naturalize...

  15. 2016 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members: Overview Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    to exclude them from social activities/ interactions , or ignored them),  Indicated the alleged perpetrator(s) of the actions knew, or suspected...you from social activities or interactions  Ignored you or failed to speak to you (for example, gave you “the silent treatment”) P e rc e iv e d O s...they experienced involved some form of social media. 2017 2016 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members 137 | OPA Figure 91

  16. Certification and Duties of a Director of Physical Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Russell

    2012-01-01

    In order for a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program to meet its full potential, a director of physical activity (DPA) is needed. To train physical educators for this new role, a task force recently created a professional development program endorsed by the National Association for Sport and Physical Education that certifies current…

  17. Prevalence of Perceived Stress and Mental Health Indicators Among Reserve-Component and Active-Duty Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Marian E.; Hourani, Laurel L.; Bray, Robert M.; Williams, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. We examined stress levels and other indicators of mental health in reservists and active-duty military personnel by deployment status. Methods. We used data from the Department of Defense Health-Related Behaviors surveys, which collect comprehensive, population-based data for reserve and active-duty forces. Data were collected from 18 342 reservists and 16 146 active-duty personnel. Results. Overall, with adjustment for sociodemographic and service differences, reservists reported similar or less work and family stress, depression, and anxiety symptoms than did active-duty personnel. However, reservists who had been deployed reported higher rates of suicidal ideation and attempts than did active-duty personnel who had been deployed and higher rates of post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology than did any active-duty personnel and reservists who had not been deployed. The highest rates of suicidal ideation and attempts were among reservists who had served in theaters other than Iraq and Afghanistan. Conclusions. Our results suggest that deployment has a greater impact on reservists than on active-duty members, thus highlighting the urgent need for services addressing reservists’ unique postdeployment mental health issues. Also, deployment to any theater, not only Iraq or Afghanistan, represents unique threats to all service members’ mental well-being. PMID:22571709

  18. Healing Touch with Guided Imagery for PTSD in returning active duty military: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Shamini; McMahon, George F; Hasen, Patricia; Kozub, Madelyn P; Porter, Valencia; King, Rauni; Guarneri, Erminia M

    2012-09-01

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains a significant problem in returning military and warrants swift and effective treatment. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether a complementary medicine intervention (Healing Touch with Guided Imagery [HT+GI]) reduced PTSD symptoms as compared to treatment as usual (TAU) returning combat-exposed active duty military with significant PTSD symptoms. Active duty military (n = 123) were randomized to 6 sessions (within 3 weeks) of HT+GI vs. TAU. The primary outcome was PTSD symptoms; secondary outcomes were depression, quality of life, and hostility. Repeated measures analysis of covariance with intent-to-treat analyses revealed statistically and clinically significant reduction in PTSD symptoms (p biofield therapy approaches for mitigating PTSD in military populations is warranted.

  19. Gender differences in the expression of PTSD symptoms among active duty military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hourani, Laurel; Williams, Jason; Bray, Robert; Kandel, Denise

    2015-01-01

    This study examined gender differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and symptom factors in the total U.S. active duty force. Data were drawn from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel including 17,939 men and 6751 women from all services. The results indicated that women expressed more distress than men across almost all the symptoms on the PTSD Checklist except for hypervigilance. Women also scored significantly higher on all four factors examined: Re-experiencing, Avoidance, Emotionally Numb, Hyperarousal. More women than men were distressed by combat experiences that involved some type of violence, such as being wounded, witnessing or engaging in acts of cruelty, engaging in hand-to-hand combat, and, to a lesser extent, handling dead bodies. Men who had been sexually abused had a greater number of symptoms and were consistently more distressed than women on individual symptoms and symptom factors.

  20. Unplanned pregnancy among active duty servicewomen, U.S. Air Force, 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Anthony S; Chao, Susan Y; Frost, Lucinda Z; Fonseca, Vincent P

    2005-01-01

    Unplanned pregnancy is a major public health problem in the United States. Although the U.S. Air Force has the highest proportion of active duty women of any of the U.S. military services, there are no published data on the occurrence of unplanned pregnancy among active duty Air Force (ADAF) women. Civilian female interviewers conducted telephone interviews with a random sample of 2,348 ADAF women during early 2002, using questions that were closely based on the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. During 2001, approximately 12% of ADAF women had one or more pregnancies. By National Survey of Family Growth criteria, approximately 54% of these pregnancies were unplanned. Thus, approximately 7% of ADAF women had one or more unplanned pregnancies during 2001. Roughly one-half of unplanned pregnancies represented contraceptive nonuse and the other half represented contraceptive failure or misuse. Unplanned pregnancy is a serious and frequently occurring problem among ADAF women, with many opportunities for prevention.

  1. Do Active Duty Cancer Survivors with a Concurrent Behavioral Health Diagnosis Have Distinct Survivorship Care Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-23

    Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma 9 2.3 Leukemias 2 0.5 61 Multiple Myelomas 4 1.0 Ill-defined & Unspecified Primary Cancer 4 1.0 62 Table 3...in- and outpatient hospital visits for Active Duty personnel than any other condition (aside from routine visits) in 2011 (11; 12). Despite these...have employer-sponsored healthcare insurance, many out-of-pocket expenses are nevertheless incurred by this group (95). Transportation, copayments

  2. 2012 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members: Administration, Datasets and Codebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    Record Data-Confidential Variables G- 929 RACE_ETH Race Ethnic Code OS DATA SAS DATA COLS LENGTH FORMAT NAME TYPE LENGTH INFORMAT NA-NA NA...Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members Information on Weighting-Confidential Variables G- 1011 POSTST_A Poststratification Adjustment OS...Population / Sample Flag 975 POSTSTRT* Poststratification Flag 1012 POSTST_A* Poststratification Adjustment 1011 PREPAREA 15a. [15a] Wartime prepared

  3. The Training Of Reserve Marine Corps Logisticians To Support The Active Duty Forces In Operational Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-11

    steps have been implemented that will see reserve Marine Logisticians filling roles at the Marine Forces level. These Marines must be prepared to...there must be positive steps taken in sending the appropriate reserve Marines to the appropriate schools and then incentivizing them through career...commanders’ requirements .”2 The reserves support the active duty force in many ways: sometimes with partial or complete units, but many times with

  4. Opioid Use Patterns Among Active Duty Service Members and Civilians: 2006 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-05-06

    population-level research in opioid use could be very useful for comparing different populations. It is unclear if the seasonal effect observed is a remnant of...the 11 out of I2-month TRICARE enrollment requirement or some other factor. However, we included a seasonal factor in each time series analysis. This...US Total Retail Prescriptions (IMS Health) -- Active Duty Service MembersTotal Prescriptions (TRICARE) Figure 3. Monthly forecasted number versus

  5. 2010 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members. Administration, Datasets, and Codebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ThrtFrc: Use physical force-Uned 672 STALKSHAU [55a] DidOffend: Sexually harass be-Uned 673 2010 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty...body, or sexual activities ? .......................................... Made gestures or used body language of a sexual nature that embarrassed or...slighted, or ignored you)?      e. Made offensive remarks about your appearance, body, or sexual activities

  6. Protective Immunity to Hepatitis B and Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Active Duty Women Versus Men: Prevalence and Responses to Preventive Immunization

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Protective Immunity to Hepatitis B and Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Active Duty Women Versus Men: Prevalence and Responses to Preventive Immunization...April 1996 I Final (1 Dec 94 - 31 Dec 95) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Prot~ecti•ve Inmnunity¥ to Hepat~it~is B and 6. FUNDING NUMBERS Streptococcus Pneumoniae in...pneumococcal vaccine is not included in the standard vaccinations for active duty military. The prevalence of immunity to pathogenic Streptococcus pneumoniae in

  7. USAR prior service market : a comparison of reenlistment motivations with Reserve enlistment motivations of Active Duty personnel

    OpenAIRE

    George W. Thomas; Davis, Helen

    1988-01-01

    This paper analyzes two decisions of Active Duty personnel: reenlistment and Reserve participation. Explanatory variables used to develop general turnover models for each decision included demographic, tenure, economic, and cognitive/affective orientation. Logit techniques were used to estimate the military affiliation models using data from the 1985 DOD Survey of Active Duty Officers and Enlisted Personnel. Results indicated that first term females tended to have both stronger Reserve intent...

  8. Effects of thigh holster use on kinematics and kinetics of active duty police officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Louise Bæk; Tranberg, Roy; Ramstrand, Nerrolyn

    2016-08-01

    Body armour, duty belts and belt mounted holsters are standard equipment used by the Swedish police and have been shown to affect performance of police specific tasks, to decrease mobility and to potentially influence back pain. This study aimed to investigate the effects on gait kinematics and kinetics associated with use of an alternate load carriage system incorporating a thigh holster. Kinematic, kinetic and temporospatial data were collected using three dimensional gait analysis. Walking tests were conducted with nineteen active duty police officers under three different load carriage conditions: a) body armour and duty belt, b) load bearing vest, body armour and thigh holster and c) no equipment (control). No significant differences between testing conditions were found for temporospatial parameters. Range of trunk rotation was reduced for both load carriage conditions compared to the control condition (p<0.017). Range of hip rotation was more similar to the control condition when wearing thigh holster rather than the belt mounted hip holster (p<0.017). Moments and powers for both left and right ankles were significantly greater for both of the load carriage conditions compared to the control condition (p<0.017). This study confirms that occupational loads carried by police have a significant effect on gait kinematics and kinetics. Although small differences were observed between the two load carriage conditions investigated in this study, results do not overwhelmingly support selection of one design over the other. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Community-based screening for pre-hypertension among military active duty personnel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Moataz M. Abdel-Fattah; Fayssal M. Farahat; Abdul-Salam A. Al-Shehri

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study to determine the prevalence of both pre-hypertension and hypertension and risk factors associated with newly diagnosed Saudi military active duty service personnel. Methods: Community-based screening of 1283 Saudi military active duty service personnel was conducted during the period September - December 2007 at six randomly selected out of a total of 15 military units of Taif region, Western of Saudi Arabia. Screening tools included self-administrated questionnaire, general physical examination, anthropometric measurements and assessment of blood pressure. Results: All par-ticipants were Saudi males. Their age ranged from 19-56 years old with mean ± SD of 37.2 ± 7.02. By applying the Joint Na-tional Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high hypertension (JNC-7) criteria, 214 ( 17.3 % ) were considered pre-hypertensive. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that obesity as measured by body mass index ( OR = 2.71 CI: 1.39-5.28 ), positive family history ( OR = 1.46 CI: 1.03-2.06 ), ever smoking ( OR = 1.45 CI: 1.05-2.02), and in-creased waist circumference ( OR = 1.04 CI:1. 02-1.06) were the significant predictors of workplace newly diagnosed hyperten-sion among military active duty personnel. Conclusion: Pre-hypertension is a common hidden problem and it predicts the devel-opment of frank hypertension. Findings of the current study support the recommendation of lifestyle modification for pre-hyperten-sion patients. However, further prospective studied are required to determine the role of pharmacotherapy in pre-hypertension.

  10. Latent Presentation of Decompression Sickness After Altitude Chamber Training in an Active Duty Flier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentry, James; Rango, Juan; Zhang, Jianzhong; Biedermann, Shane

    2017-04-01

    Decompression sickness (DCS) is a potential danger and risk for both divers and aircrew alike. DCS is also a potential side effect of altitude (hypobaric) chamber training as well and can present long after training occurs. Literature review shows that altitude chamber induced DCS has approximately a 0.25% incidence. A 32-yr-old, active duty military member developed symptoms of DCS 3 h after his hypobaric chamber training. Unfortunately, he did not seek treatment for DCS until 48 h after the exposure. His initial treatment included ground level oxygen therapy for 30 min at 12 L of oxygen per minute using a nonrebreathing mask. He achieved complete symptom resolution and was returned to duty. However, 12 d after his initial Flight Medicine evaluation, the patient returned complaining of a right temporal headache, multijoint pains, and fatigue. He was treated in the hyperbaric chamber and had complete resolution of symptoms. He was returned to flying status and 5 mo later denied any return of symptoms. Hypobaric chamber familiarity training is a requirement for all military aircrew personnel to allow them assess their ability to identify symptoms of hypoxia. This training method is not only costly to maintain, but it also places aircrew and chamber technicians at risk for potential long-term side effects from failed recompression treatment of DCS. We are presenting a case of recurrent DCS symptoms 12 d after initial ground level oxygen therapy.Gentry J, Rango J, Zhang J, Biedermann S. Latent presentation of decompression sickness after altitude chamber training in an active duty flier. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(4):427-430.

  11. Sindicatos en Ciudad Juárez: Historia y debilidad sindical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cirila Quintero Ramírez

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes the evolution of the labor unions in Ciudad Juárez for three decades of the maquiladora industry. Postulates as a main idea, the existence of a weakening of the labor unions in the rnaquiladoras as a consequence of two central factors: the absence of a labor union trajectory in the region, and the persistence of economical activities in Ciudad Juárez that depend on the American economy, and the existence of a factionalism inter and intralabor union in the main workers associations in the city, that has permitted the defeal of not onIy the official movements, but the independent ones too. The weakening ol the labor union. has also conducted to a policy ol apathy, conformity, and ol high colaboration with the investors, that has tumed the labor unions in Ciudad Juárez into an expression of subordinated labor unions, that legitimates their perrnanency in the rnaquiladoras are mostly to their link with investors than with their members. This article allows us to see two future sceneries in the city ol Ciudad Juárez: the accentuation of this kind of behavior in labor unions, or the disappearance ol labor unions in the maquiladoras.

  12. Genetics and Other Risk Factors for Past Concussions in Active-Duty Soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dretsch, Michael N; Silverberg, Noah; Gardner, Andrew J; Panenka, William J; Emmerich, Tanja; Crynen, Gogce; Ait-Ghezala, Ghania; Chaytow, Helena; Mathura, Venkat; Crawford, Fiona C; Iverson, Grant L

    2017-02-15

    Risk factors for concussion in active-duty military service members are poorly understood. The present study examined the association between self-reported concussion history and genetics (apolipoprotein E [APOE], brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], and D2 dopamine receptor genes [DRD2]), trait personality measures (impulsive-sensation seeking and trait aggression-hostility), and current alcohol use. The sample included 458 soldiers who were preparing to deploy for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom. For those with the BDNF Met/Met genotype, 57.9% (11/19) had a history of one or more prior concussions, compared with 35.6% (154/432) of those with other BDNF genotypes (p = 0.049, odds ratio [OR] = 2.48). APOE and DRD2 genotypes were not associated with risk for past concussions. Those with the BDNF Met/Met genotype also reported greater aggression and hostility personality characteristics. When combined in a predictive model, prior military deployments, being male, and having the BDNF Met/Met genotype were independently associated with increased lifetime history of concussions in active-duty soldiers. Replication in larger independent samples is necessary to have more confidence in both the positive and negative genetic associations reported in this study.

  13. 78 FR 16654 - Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China: Continuation of Antidumping Duty Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China: Continuation of... activated carbon from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') would likely lead to a continuation or... a sunset review of the antidumping duty order on certain activated carbon from the PRC, pursuant...

  14. Factors predicting health behaviors among Army Reserve, active duty Army, and civilian hospital employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynd, Christine A; Ryan-Wenger, Nancy A

    2004-12-01

    This study identified health-risk and health-promoting behaviors in military and civilian personnel employed in hospitals. Intrinsic self-motivation and extrinsic organizational workplace factors were examined as predictors of health behaviors. Because reservists represent a blend of military and civilian lifestyles, descriptive analyses focused on comparing Army Reserve personnel (n = 199) with active duty Army (n = 218) and civilian employees (n = 193), for a total sample of 610. Self-motivation and social support were significant factors contributing to the adoption of health-promoting behaviors; however, organizational workplace cultures were inconsistent predictors of health among the three groups. Only the active Army subgroup identified a hierarchical culture as having an influence on health promotion, possibly because of the Army's mandatory physical fitness and weight control standards. Social support and self-motivation are essential to promoting health among employees, thus hospital commanders and chief executive officers should encourage strategies that enhance and reward these behaviors.

  15. Overweight and obesity trends among active duty military personnel: a 13-year perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reyes-Guzman, Carolyn M; Bray, Robert M; Forman-Hoffman, Valerie L; Williams, Jason

    2015-02-01

    The U.S. population has shown increasing rates of overweight and obesity in recent years, but similar analyses do not exist for U.S. military personnel. It is important to understand these patterns in the military because of their impact on fitness and readiness. To assess prevalence and trends in overweight/obesity among U.S. service members and to examine the associations of sociodemographic characteristics, exercise, depression, and substance use with these patterns. Analyses performed in 2013 used five large population-based health-related behavior surveys conducted from 1995 to 2008. Main outcome measures were overweight and obesity among active duty military personnel based on BMI. Combined overweight and obesity (BMI≥25) increased from 50.6% in 1995 to 60.8% in 2008, primarily driven by the rise in obesity (BMI≥30) from 5.0% to 12.7%. For overweight, military women showed the largest increase. For obesity, all sociodemographic groups showed significant increases, with the largest among warrant officers, senior enlisted personnel, and people aged 36-45 years. Adjusted multinomial logit analyses found that service members aged 26 years and older, men, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics, enlisted personnel, married personnel, and heavy drinkers had the highest risk both for overweight and obesity. Combined overweight and obesity in active duty personnel rose to more than 60% between 1995 and 2008, primarily because of increased obesity. The high prevalence of overweight and obesity needs attention and has implications for Department of Defense efforts to improve the health, fitness, readiness, and quality of life of the Active Forces. Copyright © 2015 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Clinical prediction of musculoskeletal-related "medically not ready" for combat duty statuses among active duty U.S. army soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, D Alan; Kurina, Lianne M

    2013-12-01

    No evidence-based mechanism currently exists to inform U.S. Army clinicians of soldiers at risk of being found "Medically Not Ready" for combat duty. Historically, musculoskeletal conditions represent high-frequency medical problems among Army soldiers. We explored the feasibility of using centrally archived medical and administrative data on Army soldiers in the automated prediction of musculoskeletal-related Medically Not Ready soldiers who did not deploy. We examined 56,443 active duty U.S. Army soldiers who underwent precombat medical screening during March through December 2009 and in March 2010. Musculoskeletal problems were associated with 23.0% of nonreadiness cases in the study population. We used multivariable logistic regression in derivation cohorts to compute risk coefficients and cut points. We then applied these coefficients to covariates in validation cohorts, simulating predictions 2 to 3 months before their medical screenings. The analysis yielded c statistics ranging from 83 to 90%. The predictions identified 45 to 73% and 50 to 82% of the individual male and female outcome-positive soldiers, respectively, while obtaining 83 to 95% specificity. Our findings demonstrate the potential of Army data to create evidence-based estimates of nonreadiness risk. These methods could enable earlier patient referrals and improved management, and potentially reduce medically related nondeployment.

  17. Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy: Vision Loss in an Active Duty Soldier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courtney M. Crawford

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To describe a case of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR in an active duty patient. Methods. In this paper we studied fundus photographs, optical coherence tomograph, Humphrey visual field 30-2, fundus autofluorescence images, fluorescein angiograms, and electroretinography. Results. Exam findings on presentation: a 34-year-old American Indian female presented with bilateral photopsias, early RPE irregularity, and an early temporal visual field defect. Progression RPE damage and visual field defect along with ERG findings support final diagnosis of AZOOR. Conclusion. AZOOR may initially be identified as a broader category of disease called the “AZOOR complex of disorders”. Specific visual field defects, ERG results, and clinical exam findings will help distinguish AZOOR from other similar disorders.

  18. Paralysis as a Presenting Symptom of Hyperthyroidism in an Active Duty Soldier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennette, John; Tauferner, Dustin

    2015-01-01

    Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is an endocrine disorder presenting with proximal motor weakness, typically greatest in the lower extremities, hypokalemia, and signs or laboratory findings consistent with hyperthyroidism. The incidence of TPP is highest in Asian males. This is a case report of a 30-year-old male active duty Soldier who presented to the emergency department complaining of several recent episodes of lower extremity paralysis. The patient underwent a workup which included serum and cerebrospinal fluid studies, and was found to be hypokalemic and hyperthyroid. Following consultation with neurology, the patient was admitted to the medicine service and treated for thyrotoxic periodic paralysis with potassium replacement and treatment of his hyperthyroidism. Since achieving a euthyroid state, he has had no recurrences of TPP. This disease should be considered in patients presenting with symmetric motor weakness and hypokalemia, whether or not symptoms of hyperthyroidism are elicited during the review of systems.

  19. Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Placement Among Active-Duty U.S. Army Servicewomen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Anne K; Nelson, D Alan; Shaw, Jonathan G; Loftus, Pooja D; Kurina, Lianne M; Shaw, Kate A

    2017-05-01

    To quantify uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC)-intrauterine devices (IUDs) and hormonal implants-among U.S. Army active-duty female soldiers and identify characteristics associated with uptake. This retrospective cohort study used the Stanford Military Data Repository, which includes all digitally recorded health encounters for active-duty U.S. Army soldiers from 2011 to 2014. We analyzed data from women aged 18-44 years to assess rates of LARC initiation using medical billing codes. We then evaluated predictors of LARC initiation using multivariable regression. Among 114,661 servicewomen, 14.5% received a LARC method; among those, 60% received an IUD. Intrauterine device insertions decreased over the study period (38.7-35.9 insertions per 1,000 women per year, β=0.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.23 to -0.05, Pimplant insertions (20.3-35.4/1,000 women per year, β=0.41, CI 0.33-0.48, Pimplant users were in the youngest age category (18-22 years) compared with 9.6% and 2.0% in the oldest (36-44 years). The likelihood of uptake among the youngest women (compared with oldest) was most marked for implants (adjusted relative risk 7.12, CI 5.92-8.55; Pimplant use. Unmarried and childless soldiers were less likely to initiate LARC. These findings are consistent with potential underutilization and a need for education about LARC safety and reversibility in a population facing unique consequences for unintended pregnancies.

  20. y Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Socorro Arzaluz Solano

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo aborda la aplicación del Programa Hábitat, diseñado por el Gobierno de Vicente Fox en 2002, en dos ciudades fronterizas: Nogales, Sonora, y Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. Se analiza la implantación del programa atendiendo sus particularidades, entre otros aspectos, se señalan los diferentes agentes que intervinieron en la ejecución de Hábitat, que pese a la claridad de las reglas, fueron diferentes en cada caso. También, las forma s de participación ciudadana promovidas por los gobiernos locales en ambos casos. Se presentan una reflexión final sobre el desarrollo de Hábitat en la frontera norte, y algunas recomendaciones.

  1. 29 CFR 2580.412-8 - The nature of the duties or activities to which the bonding requirement relates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false The nature of the duties or activities to which the bonding requirement relates. 2580.412-8 Section 2580.412-8 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE... INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 TEMPORARY BONDING RULES Scope and Form of the Bond § 2580.412-8 The nature...

  2. Cummings/Ju - Harvard; Emory | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Principal Investigator: Richard D Cummings, PhDInstitution: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Principal Investigator: Tongzhong Ju, MD, PhDInstitution: Emory University, Atlanta, GA |

  3. Embers of society: Firelight talk among the Ju/’hoansi Bushmen

    OpenAIRE

    Wiessner, Polly W.

    2014-01-01

    Control of fire and the capacity for cooking led to major anatomical and residential changes for early humans, starting more than a million years ago. However, little is known about what transpired when the day was extended by firelight. Data from the Ju/’hoan hunter-gatherers of southern Africa show major differences between day and night talk. Day talk centered on practicalities and sanctioning gossip; firelit activities centered on conversations that evoked the imagination, helped people r...

  4. THE ORIGIN OF ASTEROID 162173 (1999 JU{sub 3})

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campins, Humberto [Physics Department, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162385, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); De Leon, Julia [Department of Edaphology and Geology, University of La Laguna, E-38071 Tenerife (Spain); Morbidelli, Alessandro; Gayon-Markt, Julie; Delbo, Marco; Michel, Patrick [Observatoire de la Cote d' Azur, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), CNRS UMR7293, F-06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Licandro, Javier [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), C/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna (Spain)

    2013-08-01

    Near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU{sub 3} (henceforth JU{sub 3}) is a potentially hazardous asteroid and the target of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa-2 sample return mission. JU{sub 3} is also a backup target for two other sample return missions: NASA's OSIRIS-REx and the European Space Agency's Marco Polo-R. We use dynamical information to identify an inner-belt, low-inclination origin through the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, more specifically, the region with 2.15 AU < a < 2.5 AU and i < 8 Degree-Sign . The geometric albedo of JU{sub 3} is 0.07 {+-} 0.01, and this inner-belt region contains four well-defined low-albedo asteroid families (Clarissa, Erigone, Polana, and Sulamitis), plus a recently identified background population of low-albedo asteroids outside these families. Only two of these five groups, the background and the Polana family, deliver JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids to the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, and the background delivers significantly more JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids. The available spectral evidence is also diagnostic; the visible and near-infrared spectra of JU{sub 3} indicate it is a C-type asteroid, which is compatible with members of the background, but not with the Polana family because it contains primarily B-type asteroids. Hence, this background population of low-albedo asteroids is the most likely source of JU{sub 3}.

  5. Gasoline Consumption Dynamics in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    OpenAIRE

    Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; Munoz Sapien, Gabriel; Barraza de Anda, Martha P.; Dominguez Ruvalcaba, Lisbeily

    2011-01-01

    This research analyzes short-run gasoline consumption dynamics in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Parameter estimation is carried out using linear transfer function ARIMA analysis. This market is of interest because it is influenced by regional, national, and international economic conditions due to its location on the border with the United States. Explanatory variables that satisfy the significance criterion include the real price of gasoline in Ciudad Juárez, the price of gasoline in Ciu...

  6. O direito como juízo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Maria Weiss de Paula Machado

    1988-07-01

    Full Text Available This study presents a synthetic and personal view of the consequences arising from the notion of law as justice. For Kelsen, in this "Theory of pure law", human conduct produce facts, justly or injust1y, that become characterized as legal norms. Human behavior is determined by acts of reason, that are defined by a representative (a judge, and then are used as valid norms of justice. The conception of law is, therefore, represented by an ideal object, rational and only apprehensible through abstract processes, following the views of Kelsenians. Without any intent to criticize the "great master of Vienna", a search of the text demonstrates that a neutral ideology, concerning the comprehension and application of law, does not and can not exists law can not depart from empirical reality when following its purpose of promoting the liberty and development of society.O presente texto tem por finalidade apresentar uma visão sintética e pessoal das conseqüências decorrentes da noção do direito como juízo. Para KELSEN, em sua "Teoria pura do direito", a conduta humana produz fatos jurídicos ou injurídicos, conforme assim os caracterizam as normas jurídicas. A conduta humana é determinada por uma razão de agir, que é definida pela representação juízo que o homem tem da norma jurídica 'vigente. A concepção do direito é, pois, representada por um objeto ideal, racional e somente apreensível através de um processo de abstração, segundo a visão Kelseniana. Sem a mínima pretensão de formular críticas ao grande Mestre de Viena, procura o texto demonstrar que a neutralidade ideológica, para a compreensão e aplicação do direito, não existe e nem pode existir, eis que o direito não pode se afastar da realidade empírica, a fim de que possa alcançar sua finalidade de promover a libertação e a evolução da sociedade.

  7. Ciudad Juárez-El Paso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César M. Fuentes

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el impacto espacial de la integración económica entre México y Estados Unidos en el sistema urbano de la región transfronteriza como Ciudad Juárez-El Paso. La integración económica se caracteriza por la presencia de fenómenos de fuerte interacción urbana como la industria maquiladora y el comercio al menudeo entre otros, los cuales muestran un patrón regular de localización en el espacio. El estudio tiene un enfoque espacial por lo que se usó un Sistema de Información Geográfi ca (SIG. La metodología usada para analizar los cambios en el uso del suelo durante el periodo 1984-2004 mediante el análisis de una serie de imágenes del satélite Landsat MSS y Landsat TM. Respecto a la órbita que recorre este satélite, el área de las ciudades estudiadas está registrada en la escena 3238. Los resultados muestran que estamos en la etapa inicial del proceso de conformación de una estructura urbana transfronteriza, en la que cada ciudad tiene una función asignada.

  8. Adult-Onset Still’s Disease Masquerading as Sepsis in an Asplenic Active Duty Soldier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan T. Jaqua

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a case of a 26-year-old active duty male with a history of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP and surgical asplenia who presented with a one-week history of fevers, myalgias, arthralgias, and rigors. His evaluation upon presentation was significant for a temperature of 103 degrees F, white blood cell count of 36 K with a granulocytic predominance, and elevated transaminases. He was treated empirically with broad-spectrum antibiotics with concern for a systemic infection with an encapsulated organism. During his stay, he developed four SIRS criteria and was transferred to the progressive care unit for suspected sepsis. He continued to have twice-daily fevers and a faint, salmon-colored centripetal rash was eventually observed during his febrile episodes. After a nondiagnostic microbiologic and serologic workup, he was diagnosed with adult-onset Still’s Disease and started on intravenous methylprednisolone with brisk response. He was discharged on oral prednisone and was started on anakinra. Adult-onset Still’s disease is a rare condition that presents with varying severity, and this is the first reported case, to our knowledge, of its diagnosis in an asplenic patient. Its management in the setting of asplenia is complicated by the need for antibiotic therapy with each episode of fever.

  9. Community Reintegration Problems Among Veterans and Active Duty Service Members With Traumatic Brain Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGarity, Suzanne; Barnett, Scott D; Lamberty, Greg; Kretzmer, Tracy; Powell-Cope, Gail; Patel, Nitin; Nakase-Richardson, Risa

    To examine community reintegration problems among Veterans and military service members with mild or moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) at 1 year postinjury and to identify unique predictors that may contribute to these difficulties. VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. Participants were 154 inpatients enrolled in the VA TBI Model Systems Program with available injury severity data (mild = 28.6%; moderate/severe = 71.4%) and 1-year postinjury outcome data. Prospective, longitudinal cohort. Community reintegration outcomes included independent driving, employability, and general community participation. Additional measures assessed depression, posttraumatic stress, and cognitive and motor functioning. In the mild TBI (mTBI) group, posttraumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms were associated with lower levels of various community reintegration outcomes. In the moderate/severe TBI group, cognition and motor skills were significantly associated with lower levels of community participation, independent driving, and employability. Community reintegration is problematic for Veterans and active duty service members with a history of TBI. Unique comorbidities across injury severity groups inhibit full reintegration into the community. These findings highlight the ongoing rehabilitation needs of persons with TBI, specifically evidence-based mental healthcare, in comprehensive rehabilitation programs consistent with a chronic disease management model.

  10. Effect of Load Magnitude and Distribution on Lumbar Spine Posture in Active-duty Marines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Soto, Ana E; Berry, David B; Palombo, Laura; Valaik, Emily; Kelly, Karen R; Ward, Samuel R

    2017-03-01

    Repeated measures. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of operationally relevant loads and distributions on lumbar spine (LS) in a group of active-duty Marines. Low-back pain has been associated with heavy load carriage among military personnel. Although there are data describing the LS posture in response to load, the effect of varying load characteristics on LS posture remains unknown. Magnetic resonance images of Marines (n = 12) were acquired when standing unloaded and when carrying 22, 33, and 45 kg of load distributed both 50% to 50% and 20% to 80% anteriorly and posteriorly. Images were used to measure LS and pelvic postures. Two-way repeated-measures ANOVA and posthoc tests were used to compare LS posture across load magnitudes and distributions (α = 0.05). This project was founded by the US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, Award No. W81XWH-13-2-0043, under Work Unit No. 1310. No changes in LS posture were induced when load was evenly distributed. When load was carried in the 20% to 80% distribution lumbosacral flexion increased as a result of sacral anterior rotation and overall reduced lumbar lordosis. This pattern was greater as load was increased between 22 and 33 kg, but did not increase further between 33 and 45 kg. We observed that the inferior LS became uniformly less lordotic, independently of load magnitude. However, the superior LS became progressively more lordotic with increasing load magnitude CONCLUSION.: Postural adaptations were found only when load was carried with a posterior bias, suggesting that load-carriage limits based on postural changes are relevant when loads are nonuniformly distributed. Although the tendency would be to interpret that loads should be carried symmetrically to protect the spine, the relationship between postural changes and injury are not clear. Finally, the operational efficiency of carrying load in this distribution needs to be tested. 3.

  11. Prazosin Augmentation of Outpatient Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders in Active Duty Soldiers with and without PTSD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    treatment and 2) to determine if the presence of PTSD affects prazosin efficacy for AUD. AUD are major causes of behavioral, medical, family , and...debilitating problem in active duty Service Members and is a frequent comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our pilot placebo...durability of prazosin effect on AUD in those randomized to prazosin in the RCT. 2. KEYWORDS: alcohol use disorder, prazosin, Service Member , PTSD

  12. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Deaths. Alphabetical Index by Name, 1 October 1979 Through 30 September 1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-09-30

    L HUGO GABR I E L S T 3 3 WORLDWIDE U . S. ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY D E A T H S ALPHABETICAL INDEX BY NAME OCTOBER 1, 1 9 7 9 THROUGH SEPTEMBER...SALAZAR MA R K E UGENE SALAZAR MAR K J U S T I N SALAZAR VICTOR ANTHONY SALCE R A YMOND V SALCEDO PA U L ME RCED SALCIDO B R IAN DANNY

  13. Assessment of Chiropractic Treatment for Low Back Pain, Military Readiness and Smoking Cessation in Military Active Duty Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    applied by using a pisiform contact on the patient’s lum- bar spine or sacroiliac joint while preventing motion of the patient through stabilizing...randomized controlled trial of strength, balance, and Low Back Pain Recurrence for active duty at Madigan Army Medical Center, Joint Base Lewis-McChord...reporting period it was noted that we no longer had support to conduct a study in Special Operations Forces at Joint Base Lewis-McChord. On July 8, 2013

  14. Strategic interactions: Games of the Ju|'hoan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Voogt, Alex

    2017-06-27

    Three strategic games played by the Ju|'hoan-a board, a card, and a gesture game-complicate the rhetorics that suggest an evolutionary or psychological significance of play. They are mostly played by adults, although every individual adult does not necessarily engage in each game. The Ju|'hoan card and board game practices were transmitted through contact across large parts of Botswana and Namibia, while the gesture game n!àì has been known in other San communities. It suggests that the significance of strategic games is more likely found in its potential for social interaction (i.e., allowing to overcome cultural divides) than in evolution and psychology. Within the anthropological literature, strategy games were thought to be absent in egalitarian societies, such as that of the Ju|'hoan. Here, the roles of power, competition, and winning were thought to be disruptive and unwanted. A closer examination of the details behind the Ju|'hoan games shows that not only were strategy games adopted and adapted from neighboring societies but that the game of n!àì was developed by the Ju|'hoan into a competitive one. The evolutionary or psychological significance of play is informed by studies on individual play, children's play, and games with informal rules. When considering strategic games throughout history, it is their role of facilitator rather than the playing practice itself that makes games relevant across languages, cultural divides, and sociopolitical boundaries.

  15. 75 FR 78726 - Agency Information Collection Activities: North American Free Trade Agreement Duty Deferral

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... requirement concerning the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Duty Deferral. This request for comment...: 1651-0071. Abstract: The provisions of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) were adopted by the U.S. with the enactment of the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1993 (Pub...

  16. HEAVY DUTY DIESEL VEHICLE LOAD ESTIMATION: DEVELOPMENT OF VEHICLE ACTIVITY OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Heavy-Duty Vehicle Modal Emission Model (HDDV-MEM) developed by the Georgia Institute of Technology(Georgia Tech) has a capability to model link-specific second-by-second emissions using speed/accleration matrices. To estimate emissions, engine power demand calculated usin...

  17. The new Weibo service for company Ju Zhou Kan

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Chen

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is creating a new Weibo service of Company Ju Zhou Kan. Company Ju Zhou Kan is a real estate magazine company. In order to give a suitable service for the case company, first is to analyze the company competitive and to get the shortages of the company. Second is the theoretical support of social media and Weibo. Third is to find out factors influenced Weibo in the external and internal environment of Kunming. Last is to confirm the new Weibo service and implement W...

  18. Ju/'h0ansi Adaptations to a Cash Economy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    societies, and while cash is certainly sharable, traditional norms for resource .... also taking some new forms in modern life: for example demand sharing of .... Namibians (mostly of Bantu ethnicities) have come to Tsumkwe to take advan- .... non-Ju/'hoansi management and patronage, and demonstrates the tension between ...

  19. Bilateral quadriceps tendon ruptures in a healthy, active duty soldier: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Anthony E; Rose, Stephen D

    2006-12-01

    Unilateral quadriceps tendon ruptures are not uncommon. These injuries have been reported to occur spontaneously and after seemingly trivial trauma in elderly individuals, patients undergoing renal dialysis, and patients with metabolic derangements such as hyperparathyroidism. In young patients, unilateral quadriceps tendon ruptures have been reported as complications of burns, anabolic steroid abuse, and elective orthopedic surgery. Bilateral quadriceps tendon ruptures in young healthy patients are rare injuries. We present the case of a young, healthy, active duty soldier who sustained bilateral quadriceps tendon ruptures after a relatively minor trauma.

  20. FUNCTIONAL STATE OF ORGANISM OF INTERN DOCTORS WITH DIFFERENT SUCCESS LEVEL ACTIVITY IN EXTREME CONDITIONS IN THE COURSE OF DAILY DUTY IN CLINIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.K. Madzigon

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In the course of daily duty in clinic, the indeces of functional status, functional reserve of organism and mnestic (operator’s performance ability of intern doctors with different success level activity in extreme conditions were determined twice (in the beginning and at the end of the duty. It is shown that the higher success level activity in extreme conditions of interns, the more tolerance and strength of their body functional system formed in work process and it means the higher professional activity performance. Intern graduates activity preparation in extreme conditions is one of activities of Medical Institutions of Higher Education quality improvement

  1. Standard of care of erectile dysfunction in U.S. Air Force aircrew and active duty not on flying status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nast, Justin B

    2014-11-01

    In 2011, over 3,000 active duty U.S. Air Force (USAF) members were prescribed a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (PDEI). PDEIs are first-line therapy for treating erectile dysfunction and can have significant side effects that could impact aircrew performance. In total, 200 eligible subject records were randomly sampled from the active duty USAF population of those males filling a prescription for a PDEI in June 2011; 100 of those records were from aviators. The electronic records were reviewed and scored to determine if USAF aeromedical standards for prescribing PDEIs were followed, with a minimum score of 0 for no standards met and a maximum of 3 for all standards met. The average score for both groups was 1, with no significant difference between the group scores. A proper aeromedical disposition was documented in 67% of the aviator records. Although there was no significant difference in standard of care for aviators and nonaviators, the overall documented standard of care was poor. Lack of documentation was the primary reason for the low scores and the low percentage of properly rendered aeromedical dispositions. Proper medical record documentation is important for evaluating quality of care and ensuring compliance with regulations in an Air Force aviator population.

  2. Embers of society: Firelight talk among the Ju/’hoansi Bushmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiessner, Polly W.

    2014-01-01

    Much attention has been focused on control of fire in human evolution and the impact of cooking on anatomy, social, and residential arrangements. However, little is known about what transpired when firelight extended the day, creating effective time for social activities that did not conflict with productive time for subsistence activities. Comparison of 174 day and nighttime conversations among the Ju/’hoan (!Kung) Bushmen of southern Africa, supplemented by 68 translated texts, suggests that day talk centers on economic matters and gossip to regulate social relations. Night activities steer away from tensions of the day to singing, dancing, religious ceremonies, and enthralling stories, often about known people. Such stories describe the workings of entire institutions in a small-scale society with little formal teaching. Night talk plays an important role in evoking higher orders of theory of mind via the imagination, conveying attributes of people in broad networks (virtual communities), and transmitting the “big picture” of cultural institutions that generate regularity of behavior, cooperation, and trust at the regional level. Findings from the Ju/’hoan are compared with other hunter-gatherer societies and related to the widespread human use of firelight for intimate conversation and our appetite for evening stories. The question is raised as to what happens when economically unproductive firelit time is turned to productive time by artificial lighting. PMID:25246574

  3. Embers of society: Firelight talk among the Ju/'hoansi Bushmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiessner, Polly W

    2014-09-30

    Much attention has been focused on control of fire in human evolution and the impact of cooking on anatomy, social, and residential arrangements. However, little is known about what transpired when firelight extended the day, creating effective time for social activities that did not conflict with productive time for subsistence activities. Comparison of 174 day and nighttime conversations among the Ju/'hoan (!Kung) Bushmen of southern Africa, supplemented by 68 translated texts, suggests that day talk centers on economic matters and gossip to regulate social relations. Night activities steer away from tensions of the day to singing, dancing, religious ceremonies, and enthralling stories, often about known people. Such stories describe the workings of entire institutions in a small-scale society with little formal teaching. Night talk plays an important role in evoking higher orders of theory of mind via the imagination, conveying attributes of people in broad networks (virtual communities), and transmitting the "big picture" of cultural institutions that generate regularity of behavior, cooperation, and trust at the regional level. Findings from the Ju/'hoan are compared with other hunter-gatherer societies and related to the widespread human use of firelight for intimate conversation and our appetite for evening stories. The question is raised as to what happens when economically unproductive firelit time is turned to productive time by artificial lighting.

  4. Sto let dialektologii na stranicah "Južnoslavjanskogo filologa"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remetić Slobodan N.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available V rabote govoritsja o nepreryvnosti tradicii dialektologii v žurnale «Južnoslavjanskij filolog» s dnja ego osnovanija do nastojaščego vremeni. Na stranicah avtoritetnogo izdanija predstavleny raboty različnogo profilja: ot fundamenatl'nyh opisanij otdel'nyh tipov govorov do informacii o napečatannyh v strane i za rubežom dialektologičeskih monografij i diskussij. Sredi issledovanij, opublikovannyh na stranicah «Južnoslavjanskogo filologa», preobladajut raboty, posvjaščennye problematike štokavskogo dialektnogo kompleksa, odnako pri ltom pečatalis' i mnogie raboty, posvjaščennye obsuždeniju voprosov čakavskogo i kajkavskogo narečij. V «Južnoslavjanskom filologe» svoi trudy opublikovali naši vidnye dialektologi: A. Belič, M. Rešetar, J. Vuković, P. Ivič, M. Pešikan, D. Petrovič i dr. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 178020: Dijalektološka istraživanja srpskog jezičkog prostora

  5. Prolonged electrical stimulation-induced gluteal and hamstring muscle activation and sitting pressure in spinal cord injury : Effect of duty cycle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Christof A. J.; Legemate, Karin J. A.; de Koning, Anja; de Groot, Sonja; Stolwijk-Swuste, Janneke M.; Janssen, Thomas W. J.

    2013-01-01

    Pressure ulcers (PUs) are highly prevalent in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Electrical stimulation (ES) activates muscles and might reduce risk factors. Our objectives were to study and compare the effects of two duty cycles during 3 h of ES-induced gluteal and hamstring activation on interf

  6. Health-related quality of life in active duty military: A secondary data analysis of two randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talbot, Laura A; Brede, Emily; Price, Marquita; Metter, E Jeffrey

    2017-07-25

    Military service members with lower extremity injuries are at risk for compromised health-related quality of life during rehabilitation. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to examine changes in self-perceived physical and mental health in two clinical trials of military service members during rehabilitation for a lower extremity injury. This study is a secondary analysis of existing data from two cohorts of active duty military service members with lower extremity injuries as they participated in separate randomized controlled trials. A similar pattern for both physical and mental health was observed in both groups of participants. Perceptions of physical health improved significantly in both studies, whereas mental health perceptions may or may not have declined. Increased attention to mental health may be important during rehabilitation after major and minor lower extremity injuries. Although perceptions of physical health improve, corresponding changes may not occur in mental health perceptions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Pathways of Risk and Resilience: Impact of a Family Resilience Program on Active-Duty Military Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltzman, William R; Lester, Patricia; Milburn, Norweeta; Woodward, Kirsten; Stein, Judith

    2016-12-01

    Over the past decade, studies into the impact of wartime deployment and related adversities on service members and their families have offered empirical support for systemic models of family functioning and a more nuanced understanding of the mechanisms by which stress and trauma reverberate across family and partner relationships. They have also advanced our understanding of the ways in which families may contribute to the resilience of children and parents contending with the stressors of serial deployments and parental physical and psychological injuries. This study is the latest in a series designed to further clarify the systemic functioning of military families and to explicate the role of resilient family processes in reducing symptoms of distress and poor adaptation among family members. Drawing upon the implementation of the Families Overcoming Under Stress (FOCUS) Family Resilience Program at 14 active-duty military installations across the United States, structural equation modeling was conducted with data from 434 marine and navy active-duty families who participated in the FOCUS program. The goal was to better understand the ways in which parental distress reverberates across military family systems and, through longitudinal path analytic modeling, determine the pathways of program impact on parental distress. The findings indicated significant cross-influence of distress between the military and civilian parents within families, families with more distressed military parents were more likely to sustain participation in the program, and reductions in distress among both military and civilian parents were significantly mediated by improvements in resilient family processes. These results are consistent with family systemic and resilient models that support preventive interventions designed to enhance family resilient processes as an important part of comprehensive services for distressed military families. © 2016 Family Process Institute.

  8. Analysis of weight and associated health consequences of the active duty staff at a major Naval medical center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gantt, Cynthia J; Neely, Julie A; Villafana, Ian A; Chun, Chisun S; Gharabaghli, Sandy M

    2008-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence of overweight and obesity among active duty staff members at one the Navy's largest medical centers, in an effort to clarify the relationship between weight, physical fitness, health care utilization patterns, and health care costs. Data obtained from the Physical Readiness Information Management System were linked with health care utilization data obtained from the Military Health System Management Analysis and Reporting Tool. This information was applied to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute risk-stratification criteria to clarify the roles overweight and obesity play as factors contributing to increased health risk, comorbid conditions, and health care costs in this military health care setting. At least 53% of the active duty staff members (1,755 of 3,306) at this medical center were either overweight or obese, based on body mass index (BMI). Three hundred fifty-one personnel did not have body composition analyses recorded. Using the Navy's current system, only 149 personnel were identified as being "out of standards" and 2,806 personnel were considered to be "within standards." Remarkably, the within-standards group included 241 personnel with obese BMIs and 1,365 personnel with overweight BMIs. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute risk-stratification criteria identified 445 personnel as having increased risk of premature death, based on their BMIs and other risk factors. The Navy's current program resulted in 296 (445 minus 149) missed opportunities to provide weight loss intervention when it is most effective, in the early stages of weight gain. The system currently used by the U.S. Navy to characterize personnel by weight ignores opportunities to identify and to treat high-risk personnel and provides neither a consistent nor an evidence-based model for early intervention and treatment of high-weight personnel at risk for increased morbidity, loss of productivity, and associated

  9. Duties: Legal? Moral? Religious? or Social?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Ann

    1990-01-01

    Presents activities in which students are asked to (1) identify sources of duties affecting individual behavior; (2) define and give examples of legal, as well as social, religious and moral duties; (3) and compare social, religious, moral, and legal duties and discuss their relationships. (DB)

  10. Prevalence and correlates of needle-stick injuries among active duty police officers in Tijuana, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, María Luisa; Beletsky, Leo; Patiño, Efraín; Abramovitz, Daniela; Rocha, Teresita; Arredondo, Jaime; Bañuelos, Arnulfo; Rangel, Gudelia; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Police officers are at an elevated risk for needle-stick injuries (NSI), which pose a serious and costly occupational health risk for HIV and viral hepatitis. However, research on NSIs among police officers is limited, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the legality of syringe possession in Mexico, half of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana report extrajudicial syringe-related arrests and confiscation by police, which has been associated with needle-sharing and HIV infection. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of NSIs among Tijuana police officers to inform efforts to improve occupational safety and simultaneously reduce HIV risks among police and PWID. Methods Tijuana's Department of Municipal Public Safety (SSPM) is among Mexico's largest. Our binational, multi-sectoral team analyzed de-identified data from SSPM's 2014 anonymous self-administered occupational health survey. The prevalence of NSI and syringe disposal practices was determined. Logistic regression with robust variance estimation via generalized estimating equations identified factors associated with ever having an occupational NSI. Results Approximately one-quarter of the Tijuana police force was given the occupational health survey (N=503). Respondents were predominantly male (86.5%) and ≤35 years old (42.6%). Nearly one in six officers reported ever having a NSI while working at SSPM (15.3%), of whom 14.3% reported a NSI within the past year. Most participants reported encountering needles/syringes while on duty (n=473, 94%); factors independently associated with elevated odds of NSIs included frequently finding syringes that contain drugs (adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 2.98; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.56–5.67) and breaking used needles (AOR: 2.25; 95% CI: 1.29–3.91), while protective factors included being willing to contact emergency services in case of NSIs (AOR: 0.39; 95% CI: 0.22–0.69), and wearing needle-stick resistant gloves (AOR: 0

  11. Prevalence and correlates of needle-stick injuries among active duty police officers in Tijuana, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Mittal

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Police officers are at an elevated risk for needle-stick injuries (NSI, which pose a serious and costly occupational health risk for HIV and viral hepatitis. However, research on NSIs among police officers is limited, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the legality of syringe possession in Mexico, half of people who inject drugs (PWID in Tijuana report extrajudicial syringe-related arrests and confiscation by police, which has been associated with needle-sharing and HIV infection. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of NSIs among Tijuana police officers to inform efforts to improve occupational safety and simultaneously reduce HIV risks among police and PWID. Methods: Tijuana's Department of Municipal Public Safety (SSPM is among Mexico's largest. Our binational, multi-sectoral team analyzed de-identified data from SSPM's 2014 anonymous self-administered occupational health survey. The prevalence of NSI and syringe disposal practices was determined. Logistic regression with robust variance estimation via generalized estimating equations identified factors associated with ever having an occupational NSI. Results: Approximately one-quarter of the Tijuana police force was given the occupational health survey (N=503. Respondents were predominantly male (86.5% and ≤35 years old (42.6%. Nearly one in six officers reported ever having a NSI while working at SSPM (15.3%, of whom 14.3% reported a NSI within the past year. Most participants reported encountering needles/syringes while on duty (n=473, 94%; factors independently associated with elevated odds of NSIs included frequently finding syringes that contain drugs (adjusted odds ratio (AOR: 2.98; 95% confidence interval (CI: 1.56–5.67 and breaking used needles (AOR: 2.25; 95% CI: 1.29–3.91, while protective factors included being willing to contact emergency services in case of NSIs (AOR: 0.39; 95% CI: 0.22–0.69, and wearing needle-stick resistant

  12. Note sur l’adverbe temporel już et ses correspondants français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Nowakowska

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A remark concerning the temporal adverb już and its French equivalents Generally speaking, this contrastive study of the Polish temporal adverb już and the French déjà is based around the idea that już and déjà have an invariant meaning but it is also true that they follow different idiosyncratic usages. This article has two parts. First, the authors show the usages of już which are equivalent to those of déjà. These usages appear when już and déjà are put in a specific verbal context. The authors describe the four cases in which już and déjà are equivalent: “precocity of event”, existential usage, iterative-continuative usage, experiential perfect usage. Secondly, the authors analyze four cases in which the Polish adverb już can’t be translated by the French déjà. These incompatibilities can be explained by either morphological idiosyncrasy or the conventionalization of deictic meaning of już, which is absent of déjà.

  13. Spitzer Observations of Spacecraft Target 162173 (1999 JU3)

    CERN Document Server

    Campins, H; Kelley, M; Fernandez, Y; Licandro, J; Delbo, M; Barucci, A; Dotto, E; 10.1051/0004-6361/200912374

    2009-01-01

    Near-Earth asteroid 162173 (1999 JU3) is the primary target of the Hayabusa-2 sample return mission, and a potential target of the Marco Polo sample return mission. Earth-based studies of this object are fundamental to these missions. We present a mid-infrared spectrum (5-38 microns) of 1999 JU3 obtained with NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope in May 2008. These observations place new constraints on the surface properties of this asteroid. To fit our spectrum we used the near-Earth asteroid thermal model (NEATM) and the more complex thermophysical model (TPM). However, the position of the spin-pole, which is uncertain, is a crucial input parameter for constraining the thermal inertia with the TPM; hence, we consider two pole orientations. In the extreme case of an equatorial retrograde geometry we derive a lower limit to the thermal inertia of 150 J/m^2/K/s^0.5. If we adopt the pole orientation of Abe et al. (2008a) our best-fit thermal model yields a value for the thermal inertia of 700+/-200 J/m^2/K/s^0.5 and e...

  14. 2016 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members: Statistical Methodology Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    MEMBERS: STATISTICAL METHODOLOGY REPORT Office of People Analytics (OPA) Defense Research , Surveys , and Statistics Center 4800 Mark Center Drive...Introduction The Defense Research , Surveys , and Statistics Center, Office of People Analytics (OPA), conducts both web-based and paper-and-pen surveys to... Research Surveys , and Statistics Center (RSSC) resided within the Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC). In 2016, the Defense Human Resource Activity

  15. Experience of Postpartum Active Duty Women in Training for the Fitness Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-10

    of Airman and role of mother; perception of asking for special treatment; dealing with the unknown; and needing to stay/feeling trapped in their job ...Social changes included adjusting to caring for a newborn and adjusting to military specific transitions such as geographic relocation, job changes, and...specifically address issues related to regaining physical fitness, including physical conditioning, nutrition, and lactation . In addition, active

  16. The Incidence of Primary Hip Osteoarthritis in Active Duty US Military Servicemembers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-15

    Goldie I, Hogstedt C. Sports and osteoarthrosis of the hip: an epidemiologic study. Am J Sports Med 1993;21:195–200. 42. Puranen J, Ala-Ketola L...physical activity and osteoarthrosis in ageing women. Public Health 1993;107:459–70. 46. Axmacher B, Lindberg H. Coxarthrosis in farmers. Clin Or- thop...Malchau H. Osteoarthrosis of the hip in women and its relation to physical load at work and in the home. Ann Rheum Dis 1997;56:293–8. Primary Hip OA Incidence in US Military Servicemembers 475

  17. Juárez: la ciudad de las últimas cosas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Barrios Rodríguez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo plantea el caso de Ciudad Juárez, México como el de un laboratorio social en materia de relaciones laborales, distintos tipos de violencia, exterminio de grupos específicos y la militarización de la vida cotidiana. Asimismo se establecen las condiciones de desarrollo excluyente del proyecto de ciudad. Además de ello abordamos el proceso que hizo que durante el periodo 2008-2011 fuese considerada la ciudad más violenta del mundo por sus tasas de asesinato. Finalmente se establece la importancia de la población y sus activistas para posicionar un discurso contra la militarización de su ciudad y el país.

  18. Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Top-Line Estimates for Active-Duty Service Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Study Survey DoD, in consultation with the White House National Security Staff, stipulated that the sample size for the RMWS was to include a census of...of Active-Duty DoD Respondents Who Completed Each Survey Module Survey Module Sample Size Respondents Response Rate WGRA Outcomes (prior form...include the buttocks, inner thigh, breast, groin, anus, vagina, penis and testicles. Top-Line Results from the RAND Military Workplace Study 41 12

  19. 1999 Survey of Active Duty Personnel: Administration, Datasets, and Codebook. Appendix G: Frequency and Percentage Distributions for Variables in the Survey Analysis Files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-12-01

    Survey of Active Duty Personnel - Form A SRED - What is the highest degree or level of school that you have completed? (MARK THE ONE ANSWER...100.0 | TOTALS ALTHOUGH THIS ITEM ASKS FOR ONE (HIGHEST GRADE OR DEGREE) RESPONSE, RESPONDENTS FREQUENTLY MARK MULTIPLE RESPONSES. SRED IS...CODED AS A STANDARD MARK ONE ITEM WHILE SREDA-SREDH ARE CODED AS A MARK-ALL-THAT-APPLY. SREDHI EQUALS SRED EXCEPT WHERE SRED HAS A MULTIPLE

  20. Activity/Rest Patterns of Instructor and Rates Student Pilots During Rapid Transitions from Daytime to Nighttime Duty Hours at the Eastern Army Aviation Training Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    were asked to log the timing of significant daily activities. Significant entries included bedtimes, wake-up times, mealtimes , exercise periods, and...strategies to cope with the rapid transition from daytime to nighttime duty hours. In the case of IPs, social and family situations were expected to...comparisons were of less interest because IPs were expected to experience different family conditions, possibly helping night shift adaptations in some

  1. The Zero Suicide Program (ZSP) as a Strategy for Reduction and Prevention of Suicides Among Active Duty United States Air Force Members: A Program and Evaluation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    3. DATES COVERED (From – To) December 2013 – April 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Zero Suicide Program (ZSP) as a Strategy for Reduction and...Prevention of Suicides Among Active Duty United States Air Force Members: A Program and Evaluation Plan 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The problem of suicide among our military members is one of growing concern for military commanders and political leaders alike

  2. Daudzlietotāju režīms OWL redaktorā

    OpenAIRE

    Putniņš, Jānis

    2010-01-01

    Darbs „Daudzlietotāju atbalsts OWL redaktorā” apraksta kā var strādāt ar OWL redaktoru TDA platformā daudzlietotāju režīmā. Tas nozīmē iespēju vairākiem lietotājiem vienlaikus apstrādāt kādu UML/OWL diagrammu ar SVN repozitorija starpniecību. Modulis realizēts Lua valodā.

  3. The long-term hospitalization experience following military service in the 1991 Gulf War among veterans remaining on active duty, 1994–2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Besa

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite more than a decade of extensive, international efforts to characterize and understand the increased symptom and illness-reporting among veterans of the 1991 Gulf War, concern over possible long-term health effects related to this deployment continue. The purpose of this study was to describe the long-term hospitalization experience of the subset of U.S. Gulf War veterans still on active duty between 1994 and 2004. Methods Gulf War veterans on active duty rosters as of October 1, 1994, were identified (n = 211 642 and compared with veterans who had separated from military service and then assessed for attrition at three-year intervals during a 10-year follow-up period, examining demographic and military service characteristics, Gulf War exposure variables, and hospitalization data. Cox proportional hazard modeling was used to evaluate independent predictors of all-cause hospitalization among those still on active duty and to estimate cumulative probability of hospitalization, 1994–2004, by service branch. Results Members of our 1994 active duty cohort were more likely to be officers, somewhat older, and married compared with those who had separated from the military after serving in the 1991 Gulf War. Selected war-related exposures or experiences did not appear to influence separation with the exception of in-theater presence during the brief ground combat phase. Overall the top three diagnostic categories for hospitalizations were musculo-skeletal, injury and poisoning, and digestive disorders. Diseases of the circulatory system and symptoms, signs, and ill-defined conditions increased proportionately over time. In-theater hospitalization was the only significant independent predictor of long-term hospitalization risk among selected war-related exposures or experiences examined. The cumulative probability of hospitalization was highest for Army and lowest for Marines. Conclusion Our results were generally consistent

  4. Rüütel kutsus Juštšenko Eestisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel saatis Viktor Juštšenkole õnnitluse presidendivalimistel saavutatud edu puhul, kutsudes teda Eestisse visiidile. Ilmunud ka Vaba Eesti Sõna = Free Estonian Word (2005) 18. jaan., lk. 2

  5. Dinámica del Consumo de Gasolina en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    OpenAIRE

    Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; Munoz Sapien, Gabriel; Barraza de Anda, Martha P.; Dominguez Ruvalcaba, Lisbeily

    2011-01-01

    This research analyzes short-run gasoline consumption dynamics in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Parameter estimation is carried out using linear transfer function ARIMA analysis. This market is of interest because it is influenced by regional, national, and international economic conditions due to its location on the border with the United States. Explanatory variables that satisfy the significance criterion include the real price of gasoline in Ciudad Juárez, the price of gasoline in ...

  6. Occupational driving as a risk factor for low back pain in active-duty military service members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Jeffrey B; Orchowski, Joseph R; Scher, Danielle L; Owens, Brett D; Burks, Robert; Belmont, Philip J

    2014-04-01

    Although occupational driving has been associated with low back pain, little has been reported on the incidence rates for this disorder. To determine the incidence rate and demographic risk factors of low back pain in an ethnically diverse and physically active population of US military vehicle operators. Retrospective database analysis. All active-duty military service members between 1998 and 2006. Low back pain requiring visit to a health-care provider. A query was performed using the US Defense Medical Epidemiology Database for the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code for low back pain (724.20). Multivariate Poisson regression analysis was used to estimate the rate of low back pain among military vehicle operators and control subjects per 1,000 person-years, while controlling for sex, race, rank, service, age, and marital status. A total of 8,447,167 person-years of data were investigated. The overall unadjusted low back pain incidence rate for military members whose occupation is vehicle operator was 54.2 per 1,000 person-years. Compared with service members with other occupations, motor vehicle operators had a significantly increased adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) for low back pain of 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13-1.17). Female motor vehicle operators, compared with males, had a significantly increased adjusted IRR for low back pain of 1.45 (95% CI 1.39-1.52). With senior enlisted as the referent category, the junior enlisted rank group of motor vehicle operators had a significantly increased adjusted IRR for low back pain: 1.60 (95% CI 1.52-1.70). Compared with Marine service members, those motor vehicle operators in both the Army, 2.74 (95% CI 2.60-2.89), and the Air Force, 1.98 (95% CI 1.84-2.14), had a significantly increased adjusted IRR for low back pain. The adjusted IRRs for the less than 20-year and more than 40-year age groups, compared with the 30- to 39-year age group, were 1.24 (1

  7. 38 CFR 17.31 - Duty periods defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Definitions and Active Duty § 17.31 Duty periods defined. Full-time duty as a member of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, Women's Reserve of the Navy and Marine Corps and Women's Reserve of the Coast Guard... Patient Rights...

  8. How far does a doctor's 'duty of care' go?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torda, A

    2005-05-01

    It is a long-standing tradition in medicine that doctors have an ethical duty to care for all patients who fall within the scope of their skill base. This duty reflects the value system of many doctors and the type of typical dedication to their craft that has long been expected and given. The modern doctor, however, may have other additional roles -- such as those of parent, researcher, business person and many others. What about the duties that accompany these other activities and what if these duties come into conflict with the duty to care for patients? How does a doctor decide how far the duty to care for patients extends? This article explores this question of duty and discusses how the notion of the traditional doctor's duty to care may need to be amended in light of the kinds of lives that doctors now lead.

  9. Conteúdo polifenólico e atividade antioxidante dos frutos da palmeira Juçara (Euterpe edulis Martius Polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of fruits of Juçara (Euterpe edulis Martius palm tree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.P Lima

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O conteúdo polifenólico e a atividade antioxidante do extrato do fruto de Euterpe edulis Martius foram avaliados. Esta espécie é uma palmeira conhecida como Juçara, nativa da Mata Atlântica e utilizada para a extração de palmito. O processo de extração do palmito acarreta a morte da planta, uma vez que esta apresenta estipe único. A elevada demanda ocasionou a escassez deste recurso natural. Muitas espécies da Mata Atlântica podem ser utilizadas pelo manejo sustentável para a preservação e exploração econômica pelas comunidades locais. O fruto da palmeira Juçara pode ser uma das alternativas de manejo sustentável dos recursos naturais da Mata Atlântica. A capacidade antioxidante do fruto pode ser utilizada como justificativa para a aplicação como alimento nutricional. O conteúdo polifenólico do fruto foi determinado pelo método de Folin-Ciocalteau e os resultados obtidos foram: 10,31 ± 0,25%, 12,42 ± 0,89%, 12,75 ± 0,94%, para o extrato bruto, fração acetato de etila e fração remanescente, respectivamente. A atividade antioxidante foi determinada pelos métodos de redução do complexo fosfomolibdênico e DPPH. O extrato bruto e as frações acetato de etila e remanescente apresentaram atividade antioxidante, sendo que as duas últimas demonstraram maior atividade indicando que o conteúdo polifenólico pode ser responsável por esta atividade.The polyphenolic content and the antioxidant activity of Euterpe edulis Martius fruit extract were assessed. This species is a Palm tree known as Juçara, native to Atlantic Forest and used for palm heart extraction. The process of palm heart extraction leads to the death of the plant since the latter has one single stem. The high demand has resulted in the depletion of this natural resource. Many species from Atlantic Forest can be used by means of sustainable management for the preservation and economic exploration by local communities. The fruit of Juçara palm can be

  10. Characteristics of particle number and mass emissions during heavy-duty diesel truck parked active DPF regeneration in an ambient air dilution tunnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Seungju; Quiros, David C.; Dwyer, Harry A.; Collins, John F.; Burnitzki, Mark; Chernich, Donald; Herner, Jorn D.

    2015-12-01

    Diesel particle number and mass emissions were measured during parked active regeneration of diesel particulate filters (DPF) in two heavy-duty diesel trucks: one equipped with a DPF and one equipped with a DPF + SCR (selective catalytic reduction), and compliant with the 2007 and 2010 emission standards, respectively. The emission measurements were conducted using an ambient air dilution tunnel. During parked active regeneration, particulate matter (PM) mass emissions measured from a 2007 technology truck were significantly higher than the emissions from a 2010 technology truck. Particle number emissions from both trucks were dominated by nucleation mode particles having a diameter less than 50 nm; nucleation mode particles were orders of magnitude higher than accumulation mode particles having a diameter greater than 50 nm. Accumulation mode particles contributed 77.8 %-95.8 % of the 2007 truck PM mass, but only 7.3 %-28.2 % of the 2010 truck PM mass.

  11. Duty and Distance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Binder (C.); C. Heilmann (Conrad)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractEver since the publication of Peter Singer’s article ‘‘Famine, Affluence, and Morality’’ has the question of whether the (geographical) distance to people in need affects our moral duties towards them been a hotly debated issue. Does geographical distance affect our moral duties?

  12. Performance validity test and neuropsychological assessment battery screening module performances in an active-duty sample with a history of concussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grills, Chad E; Armistead-Jehle, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    The current retrospective investigation sought to replicate previous findings demonstrating the significant impact of performance validity test (PVT) performance and evaluation context on neuropsychological testing. We examined differences on performance validity testing between active-duty service members undergoing neurocognitive screening for concussion who were seen in a clinical context and those who were seen in a disability-seeking context, as well as the overall impact of PVT performance on a neurocognitive screening battery. Overall, 38.2% of the sample failed the Word Memory Test (WMT). Of those involved in a disability evaluation, the failure rate was 51.9%, which was significantly higher than the 36.8% failure rate among those evaluated in a clinical context. The effect size of WMT performance on a cognitive screening measure was also large. The current retrospective analysis served to replicate previous work.

  13. The psychometric properties of the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES) in a clinical sample of active duty military service members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Damon; Francis, Joseph P; Tafrate, Raymond Chip

    2005-11-01

    The increasing prominence of the construct of readiness to change in the field of substance abuse treatment has led to the development of instruments designed to assess the construct. We examined the psychometric properties of one such instrument, the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES), in a sample of treatment-seeking, active duty, U.S. military service members diagnosed with alcohol and/or drug dependence. A principal components analysis of the items was consistent with the tridimensional structure of the SOCRATES found among treatment-seeking civilians but resulted in a 14-item scale, as opposed to the 19-item version found for civilians. Normative data, in the form of means and decile rankings for the SOCRATES subscales, for substance-dependent military patients are provided to complement those available for civilian patients. Future research should examine the concurrent and predictive validity of the scale.

  14. Pilot study of the effects of mixed light touch manual therapies on active duty soldiers with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder and injury to the head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Lauren; Hanson, Brenda; Gilliam, Sara

    2016-01-01

    This pilot study was designed to examine the effects of mixed Light Touch Manual Therapies (LTMT) on headache, anxiety and other symptoms suffered by active duty United States service members experiencing chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Ten service members diagnosed with PTSD and having a self-reported injury to the head acquired at least two years prior, were provided with two hour-long sessions of mixed LTMT given a week apart. Data to assess the immediate and durable effects were gathered before and after the LTMT sessions. Results indicate that headache, anxiety, and pain interference were significantly reduced during the course of the pilot study. This suggests that mixed LTMT may be helpful in reducing some of the symptoms of PTSD and injury to the head. Further studies will be needed to determine if LTMT is an effective non-pharmacological treatment for headache, anxiety or other problems associated with PTSD or injury to the head.

  15. A Noise-Insensitive Semi-Active Air Suspension for Heavy-Duty Vehicles with an Integrated Fuzzy-Wheelbase Preview Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengchao Xie

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Semi-active air suspension is increasingly used on heavy-duty vehicles due to its capabilities of consuming less power and low cost and providing better ride quality. In this study, a new low cost but effective approach, fuzzy-wheelbase preview controller with wavelet denoising filter (FPW, is developed for semi-active air suspension system. A semi-active suspension system with a rolling lobe air spring is firstly modeled and a novel front axle vertical acceleration-based road prediction model is constructed. By adopting a sensor on the front axle, the road prediction model can predict more reliable road information for the rear wheel. After filtering useless signal noise, the proposed FPW can generate a noise-insensitive control damping force. Simulation results show that the ride quality, the road holding, the handling capability, the road friendliness, and the comprehensive performance of the semi-active air suspension with FPW outperform those with the traditional active suspension with PID-wheelbase preview controller (APP. It can also be seen that, with the addition of the wavelet filter, the impact of sensor noise on the suspension performance can be minimized.

  16. Multiwavelength monitoring of a very active dwarf nova AX J1549.8-5416 with an unusually high duty cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Guobao; Gelfand, Joseph D.; Russell, David M.; Lewis, Fraser; Masetti, Nicola; Bernardini, Federico; Andruchow, Ileana; Zibecchi, L.

    2017-08-01

    We present the results of our analysis of new optical, ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray observations of a highly variable source - AX J1549.8-5416. Both the detection of several fast rise, exponential decay outbursts in the optical light curve and the lack of He ii emission lines in the optical spectra suggest AX J1549.8-5416 is a cataclysmic variable of the dwarf nova (DN) type. The multiwavelength analysis of three mini-outbursts and one normal outburst represent one of the most complete multiwavelength studies of a DN and help to refine the relationship between the X-ray, UV and optical emission in this system. We find that the UV emission is delayed with respect to the optical by 1.0-5.4 d during the rising phase of the outburst. The X-ray emission is suppressed during the peak of the optical outburst and recovers during the end of the outburst. From our analysis of archival Swift, Chandra and XMM-Newton observations of AX J1549.8-5416, we estimate this DN has a high duty cycle (˜50 per cent), suggesting a quiescent X-ray luminosity larger than 1032 erg s-1. We also find the X-ray and UV flux are roughly anticorrelated. Furthermore, we find that, at low X-ray fluxes, the X-ray spectrum is well described by a single temperature thermal plasma model, while at high X-ray fluxes, an isobaric cooling flow model also works. We find that the maximum temperature of the plasma in quiescence is significantly higher than that in outburst.

  17. Multiple Past Concussions Are Associated with Ongoing Post-Concussive Symptoms but Not Cognitive Impairment in Active-Duty Army Soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dretsch, Michael N; Silverberg, Noah D; Iverson, Grant L

    2015-09-01

    The extent to which multiple past concussions are associated with lingering symptoms or mental health problems in military service members is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between lifetime concussion history, cognitive functioning, general health, and psychological health in a large sample of fit-for-duty U.S. Army soldiers preparing for deployment. Data on 458 active-duty soldiers were collected and analyzed. A computerized cognitive screening battery (CNS-Vital Signs(®)) was used to assess complex attention (CA), reaction time (RT), processing speed (PS), cognitive flexibility (CF), and memory. Health questionnaires included the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), PTSD Checklist-Military Version (PCL-M), Zung Depression and Anxiety Scales (ZDS; ZAS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Alcohol Use and Dependency Identification Test (AUDIT). Soldiers with a history of multiple concussions (i.e., three or more concussions) had significantly greater post-concussive symptom scores compared with those with zero (d=1.83, large effect), one (d=0.64, medium effect), and two (d=0.64, medium effect) prior concussions. Although the group with three or more concussions also reported more traumatic stress symptoms, the results revealed that traumatic stress was a mediator between concussions and post-concussive symptom severity. There were no significant differences on neurocognitive testing between the number of concussions. These results add to the accumulating evidence suggesting that most individuals recover from one or two prior concussions, but there is a greater risk for ongoing symptoms if one exceeds this number of injuries.

  18. Benito Juárez: ¿más que un Aprendiz de Masón?

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Moreno, Carlos F.

    2016-01-01

    El estudio historiográfico muestra que es una idea ampliamente aceptada que Benito Juárez fue iniciado en la masonería en el Rito Nacional Mexicano; sin embargo, hay quien afirma que es improbable que Juárez haya recibido más allá del grado de Aprendiz de Masón, a causa de los movimientos bélicos que provocaron sus constantes viajes por la República Mexicana y el extranjero. El objetivo central del presente artículo es analizar algunas hipótesis para buscar dilucidar si Juárez pudo haber reci...

  19. Quaternary alluvial fans of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, northern México: OSL ages and implications for climatic history of the region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zúñiga de León, David; Kershaw, Stephen; Mahan, Shannon

    2016-01-01

    Alluvial fans formed from sediments derived from erosion of the Juárez Mountains in northernmost México have a significant flood impact on the Ciudad Juárez, which is built on the fan system. The northern part of Ciudad Juárez is the most active; further south, older parts of the fan, upon which the rest of the city is built, were largely eroded by natural processes prior to human habitation and subsequently modified only recently by human construction. Three aeolian sand samples, collected from the uppermost (youngest) parts of the fan system in the city area, in places where human intervention has not disturbed the sediment, and constrain the latest dates of fan building. Depositional ages of the Quaternary alluvial fans were measured using Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) on aeolian sands that have inter-fingered with alluvial fan material. These dates are: a) sample P1, 31 ka; b) sample P2, 41 ka; c) sample P3, 74 ka, between Oxygen Isotope Stages (OIS) 3 to 5. They demonstrate that fan development, in the area now occupied by the city, terminated in the Late Pleistocene, immediately after what we interpret to have been an extended period of erosion without further deposition, lasting from the Late Pleistocene to Holocene. The three dates broadly correspond to global glacial periods, implying that the cool, dry periods may reflect periods of aeolian transport in northern México in between phases that were wetter to form the alluvial fans. Alluvial fan margins inter-finger with fluvial terrace sediments derived from the Río Bravo, indicating an additional component of fan dissection by Río Bravo lateral erosion, presumed to be active during earlier times than our OSL ages, but these are not yet dated. Further dating is required to ascertain the controls on the fan and fluvial system.

  20. Hodorkovski - Venemaa kuulsaim vang / Cyril Tuschi, Vladimir Juškin, Mart Helme ; vestlust juhtis Tunne Kelam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuschi, Cyril, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmi "Hodorkovsky" režissöör Cyril Tuschi, Balti Vene Uuringute Keskuse direktor Vladimir Juškin ja suursaadik Mart Helme filmi peategelasest Mihhail Hodorkovskist ja Venemaa sisepoliitlisest olukorrast

  1. Loodav Vene natsiseadus ähvardab naabreid / Argo Ideon ; komment. Vladimir Juškin ja Marko Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Seaduseelnõust, millega tahetakse luua õiguslik raamistik võitluseks endisel Nõukogude Liidu alal väidetavalt vohava natsliku ideoloogia ja selle toetajatega. Kommenteerivad Vladimir Juškin ja Marko Mihkelson

  2. E-komercija un paterētāju aizsardzība

    OpenAIRE

    Mošenoka, Olga

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darba temats – E-komercija un patērētāju aizsardzība. Izstrādātais darbs sastāv no 70 lapaspusēm, 19 attēliem . Bakalaura darba mērķis: Izpētīt kas ir elektroniska komercija, kādas ir e-komercijas priekšrocības un trūkumi, kas ir e-komercijas dalībnieki, patērētāju aizsardzība. Izvirzītie darba uzdevumi: •noskaidrot kas ir e-bizness un e-komercija; •noskaidrot e-komercijas dalībniekus, priekšrocības, trūkumus; •iepazīties ar visveiksmīgākajiem e-komercijas piem...

  3. Rotational Characterization of Hayabusa II Target Asteroid (162173) 1999 JU3

    CERN Document Server

    Moskovitz, Nicholas; Pan, Kang-Shian; Osip, David; Pefkou, Dimitra; Melita, Mario; Elias, Mauro; Kitazato, Kohei; Bus, Schelte; DeMeo, Francesca; Binzel, Richard; Abell, Paul

    2013-01-01

    The Japanese Space Agency's Hayabusa II mission is scheduled to rendezvous with and return a sample from the near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU3. Previous visible-wavelength spectra of this object show significant variability across multiple epochs which could be the result of a compositionally heterogeneous surface. We present new visible and near-infrared spectra to demonstrate that thermally altered carbonaceous chondrites are plausible compositional analogs, however this is a tentative association due to a lack of any prominent absorption features in our data. We have also conducted a series of high signal-to-noise visible-wavelength observations to investigate the reported surface heterogeneity. Our time series of visible spectra do not show evidence for variability at a precision level of a few percent. This result suggests two most likely possibilities. One, that the surface of 1999 JU3 is homogenous and that unaccounted for systematic effects are causing spectral variation across epochs. Or two, tha...

  4. La Nephila Maculata. Jünger y la experiencia de la catástrofe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrasco-Conde, Ana

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present work intends to approach the testifying form of Ernst Jünger to realize the history with the intention, firstly, of investigating in the sense that has for the German author the experience of the catastrophe, the war and the pain and, secondly, of explaining the constitutive elements of his particular concept of history.El presente trabajo trata de abordar la forma testimonial de Ernst Jünger de dar cuenta de la historia con el propósito, en primer lugar, de indagar en el sentido que tiene para el autor alemán la experiencia de la catástrofe, la guerra y el dolor y, en segundo lugar, de explicar los elementos constitutivos de su particular concepto de historia.

  5. [A study to compare formal duties of medical directors of Italian public hospitals with actual activities performer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montanari, Katia; Cucchi, Alessandro; Tessari, Gianni; Turri, Valentina; Gregorio, Pasquale

    2009-01-01

    It is difficult to identify, from a regulatory point of view, the actual competencies of medical directors of public hospitals in Italy. A questionnaire survey was therefore conducted to identify which are the activities actually performed by this professional. One hundred twenty local health authorities participated in the survey. Findings reveal that many activities conducted by the hospital medical director, such a mediation with the local health authorities, are not formally recognized and that the medical director actually conducts more complex activities than those formally pertaining to his role.

  6. SPHERES, Jülich's high-flux neutron backscattering spectrometer at FRM II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuttke, Joachim; Budwig, Alfred; Drochner, Matthias; Kämmerling, Hans; Kayser, Franz-Joseph; Kleines, Harald; Ossovyi, Vladimir; Pardo, Luis Carlos; Prager, Michael; Richter, Dieter; Schneider, Gerald J; Schneider, Harald; Staringer, Simon

    2012-07-01

    SPHERES is a third-generation neutron backscattering spectrometer, located at the 20 MW German neutron source FRM II and operated by the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science. It offers an energy resolution (fwhm) better than 0.65 μeV, a dynamic range of ± 31 μeV, and a signal-to-noise ratio of up to 1750:1.

  7. Labyrinthe der Straflosigkeit : Frauenmorde in Ciudad Juárez und extreme Gewalt in Mexiko heute

    OpenAIRE

    Melgar, Lucía

    2011-01-01

    "Der vorliegende Text behandelt die brutalen Frauenmorde (feminicidio), die seit 1993 in den mexikanischen Grenzstädten Ciudad Juärez und Chihuahua stattfinden, als extremes Beispiel für misogyne Gewalt und Verletzung der Menschenrechte. Die Nichtverfolgung der Täter und die damit verbundene Straflosigkeit sowie die Normalisierung von Gewalt gingen der aktuellen Toleranz von Gewalt im mexikanischen 'Drogenkrieg' voraus. Die Auflagen, die der Interamerikanische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte d...

  8. Collaborative tools for an institutional repository - JuSER, pubdb and all that...

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    This talk gives an overview of the collaborative featrues of JuSER and it's sister systems. After a short introduction of the publications database and the institutional repository, and why they should interact, the main topic are the private collections, known in Jülich as institute collections, and how they can be used in a scientific publication workflow. Input routines are outlined with a special emphasise on the possiblity to import data. Finally a short introduction to groups and basket...

  9. Designing of Ground Truth Annotated DBT-TU-JU Breast Thermogram Database towards Early Abnormality Prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhowmik, Mrinal Kanti; Gogoi, Usha Rani; Majumdar, Gautam; Bhattacharjee, Debotosh; Datta, Dhritiman; Ghosh, Anjan Kumar

    2017-08-17

    The advancement of research in a specific area of clinical diagnosis crucially depends on the availability and quality of the radiology and other test related databases accompanied by ground truth and additional necessary medical findings. The paper describes the creation of the Department of Biotechnology-Tripura University-Jadavpur University (DBT-TU-JU) breast thermogram database. The objective of creating the DBT-TU-JU database is to provide a breast thermogram database that is annotated with the ground truth images of the suspicious regions. Along with the result of breast thermography, the database comprises of the results of other breast imaging methodologies. A standard breast thermogram acquisition protocol suite comprising of several critical factors has been designed for the collection of breast thermograms. Currently, the DBT-TU-JU database contains 1100 breast thermograms of 100 subjects. Due to the necessity of evaluating any breast abnormality detection system, this study emphasizes the generation of the ground truth images of the hotspot areas, whose presence in a breast thermogram signifies the presence of breast abnormality. With the generated ground truth images, we compared the results of six state-of-the-art image segmentation methods using five supervised evaluation metrics to identify the proficient segmentation methods for hotspot extraction. Based on the evaluation results, the Fractional-Order Darwinian particle swarm optimization, Region growing, Mean shift and Fuzzy c-means clustering are found to be more efficient in comparison to k-means clustering and Threshold based segmentation methods.

  10. Laterally coupled distributed feedback lasers emitting at 2 μm with quantum dash active region and high-duty-cycle etched semiconductor gratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papatryfonos, Konstantinos; Saladukha, Dzianis; Merghem, Kamel; Joshi, Siddharth; Lelarge, Francois; Bouchoule, Sophie; Kazazis, Dimitrios; Guilet, Stephane; Le Gratiet, Luc; Ochalski, Tomasz J.; Huyet, Guillaume; Martinez, Anthony; Ramdane, Abderrahim

    2017-02-01

    Single-mode diode lasers on an InP(001) substrate have been developed using InAs/In0.53Ga0.47As quantum dash (Qdash) active regions and etched lateral Bragg gratings. The lasers have been designed to operate at wavelengths near 2 μm and exhibit a threshold current of 65 mA for a 600 μm long cavity, and a room temperature continuous wave output power per facet >5 mW. Using our novel growth approach based on the low ternary In0.53Ga0.47As barriers, we also demonstrate ridge-waveguide lasers emitting up to 2.1 μm and underline the possibilities for further pushing the emission wavelength out towards longer wavelengths with this material system. By introducing experimentally the concept of high-duty-cycle lateral Bragg gratings, a side mode suppression ratio of >37 dB has been achieved, owing to an appreciably increased grating coupling coefficient of κ ˜ 40 cm-1. These laterally coupled distributed feedback (LC-DFB) lasers combine the advantage of high and well-controlled coupling coefficients achieved in conventional DFB lasers, with the regrowth-free fabrication process of lateral gratings, and exhibit substantially lower optical losses compared to the conventional metal-based LC-DFB lasers.

  11. The influence of the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder on treatment efficacy in female veterans and active duty service members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Erika J; Lunney, Carole A; Schnurr, Paula P

    2016-01-01

    A dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was recently added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and is thought to be associated with poor PTSD treatment response. We used latent growth curve modeling to examine data from a randomized controlled trial of prolonged exposure and present-centered therapy for PTSD in a sample of 284 female veterans and active duty service members with PTSD to test the association between the dissociative subtype and treatment response. Individuals with the dissociative subtype (defined using latent profile analysis) had a flatter slope (p = .008) compared with those with high PTSD symptoms and no dissociation, such that the former group showed, on average, a 9.75 (95% confidence interval [-16.94, -2.57]) lesser decrease in PTSD severity scores on the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (Blake et al., 1995) over the course of the trial. However, this effect was small in magnitude. Dissociative symptoms decreased markedly among those with the subtype, though neither treatment explicitly addressed such symptoms. There were no differences as a function of treatment type. Results raise doubt about the common clinical perception that exposure therapy is not effective or appropriate for individuals who have PTSD and dissociation, and provide empirical support for the use of exposure treatment for individuals with the dissociative subtype of PTSD. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  12. Evolution in the Black Hole - Galaxy Scaling Relations and the Duty Cycle of Nuclear Activity in Star-Forming Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Sun, Mouyuan; Brandt, W N; Luo, B; Alexander, David M; Jahnke, Knud; Rosario, D J; Wang, Sharon X; Xue, Y Q

    2015-01-01

    We measure the location and evolutionary vectors of 69 Herschel-detected broad-line active galactic nuclei (BLAGNs) in the M_BH-M_* plane. BLAGNs are selected from the COSMOS and CDF-S fields, and span the redshift range 0.21).

  13. [Ethics, power and duty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gândara, Manuela

    2008-01-01

    Nursing care is a humane action which bears with it an ethical dimension which is revealed by the focus of the care provided. Among the different options for action, a nurse will choose that which contributes to the care of a patient without harming that patient. The care choice made is the result of a conscientious, deliberate decision-making process which presupposes a recognition of what one plans to do, what one is capable of doing and what can accomplish. Freedom to choose which care option is applied imposes on a nurse the duty to act according to principles and duties which rule the profession; a nurse's power to act transforms to a power of the duty to provide treatment.

  14. Research on the Surname of Rulers of the State of Ju%莒国族姓考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张富祥

    2015-01-01

    古莒国的历史可以一直推溯到史前,因相传其族出于嬴姓的东夷少昊集团,故后世多称其国为嬴姓。古籍或又称其国为曹姓,实是以曹地为中心的一种地域性的划分,大抵相当于曹氏,不是莒国本来的姓号。史书又明确记载西周以来的莒国为己姓,此说应是有根据的,其根源即在莒国与纪国通婚,相因于古代从母姓之俗,用纪国本来的日名“己”表姓,故有己姓之称。所以,对于古莒国公族的姓这一问题,需要联系中国古代姓氏制度的演变来具体分析,不宜作简单的取舍。%The history of the State of Ju can be traced back to the pre -historical period of the ancient China .Since it is said that the clan of Ju is probably a branch of the Shaohao ethnic group or tribe , it is commonly believed that the rulers of Ju have the ancestral name of Ying .It is also recorded in some ancient books that the rulers of Ju may take the ancestral name of Cao , but this is actually a name geo-graphically derived from the place of Cao where some people of Ju inhabit .Hence, Cao can be seen as the clan name of the rulers of Ju , but not their ancestral name .Furthermore , there is a clear historical record that the rulers of Ju have taken the ancestral name of Ji since the Western Zhou .This seems to be reasonable because people of Ju are intermarried with those of the State of Ji , and according to the ancient tradition of taking the name of the mother , the rulers of Ju are very likely to have the ancestral name of Ji, which is the"day-name"(riming) of the rulers of Ji.Therefore, it is not proper to take a hasty po-sition on the problem of the ancestral name of the rulers of Ju , which shall require specific analysis on the basis of the evolution of the Chinese surname system .

  15. Duty and Distance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Binder (C.); C. Heilmann (Conrad)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractEver since the publication of Peter Singer’s article ‘‘Famine, Affluence, and Morality’’ has the question of whether the (geographical) distance to people in need affects our moral duties towards them been a hotly debated issue. Does geographical distance affect our moral

  16. 32 CFR 584.6 - Procedures governing nonactive duty or discharged personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PERSONNEL FAMILY SUPPORT, CHILD CUSTODY, AND PATERNITY § 584.6 Procedures governing nonactive duty or... paternity claims against former soldiers or other not on active duty will be sent to the Commander, U.S...

  17. Coverage of violence in risk areas: case of the Ciudad Juárez´Journalist Association

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis González-Esteban

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This research analyzes the situation of journalism in a high risk area, Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. The analysis is based on the knowledge and analysis of the training activity, violence and corruption denounced by Juarez Journalists Association, founded and run by women journalists. A meeting with journalists of the association and in-depth interviews are the main methodological tools to understand the meaning and value of this group of juarenses journalists. In the same way this article analyzes, through a quantitative methodology, the strategy of activism and the international projection of the association through their social networks. In addition, research is completed with a content analysis about the prevalence and significance of the ‘red note’ in El Diario de Juárez, the main newspaper in this border area, which even has a delegation in the US city of El Paso. Coverage of violence in high risk areas gives a special value to journalism in newspapers like the aforementioned and corporate work of this group of juarenses journalists.

  18. Resolving conflicts of duty in fiduciary relationships

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Laby, Arthur B

    2004-01-01

    While duties of loyalty generally do not conflict with other duties of loyalty, and while conflicting duties of care typically only raise issues of competing resources, the fiduciary's duty of loyalty...

  19. Ju/'hoansi Lodging in a Namibian Conservancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koot, Stasja; Beek, Van Walter

    2017-01-01

    Following Ingold's dwelling perspective, the world comes into being because an organism/person is continuously interacting with his/her environment through bodily activity. Ingold contrasts dwelling with building; in the latter, people construct the world cognitively before they can live in it.

  20. 19 CFR 151.65 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... revenue will be properly protected. Liquidated duties shall be based upon the port director's final... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Duties. 151.65 Section 151.65 Customs Duties U.S...) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Wool and Hair § 151.65 Duties. Duties on wool or...

  1. Životní styl studentů JU

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This Thesis deals with problems of lifestyle of students of University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice. The goal of the Thesis is to analyze lifestyle of students of University of South Bohemia and to focus on individual aspects of lifestyle such as nutrition, physical activity and addictive substances. The Thesis consists of theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part describes the above mentioned aspects. For research I chose quantitative strategy with method of inquiry. The q...

  2. Euthanasia and physicians' moral duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seay, Gary

    2005-10-01

    Opponents of euthanasia sometimes argue that it is incompatible with the purpose of medicine, since physicians have an unconditional duty never to intentionally cause death. But it is not clear how such a duty could ever actually be unconditional, if due consideration is given to the moral weight of countervailing duties equally fundamental to medicine. Whether physicians' moral duties are understood as correlative with patients' moral rights or construed noncorrelatively, a doctor's obligation to abstain from intentional killing cannot be more than a defeasible duty.

  3. El papel del narcotráfico en los feminicidios de Ciudad Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Gallur Santorum, Santiago

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Durante más de quince años las autoridades del estado de Chihuahua, han negado categóricamente que el narcotráfico tuviera relación alguna con los asesinatos y desapariciones de mujeres en Ciudad Juárez. Sin embargo, a pesar de los esfuerzos de las autoridades en invisibilizar todas las pruebas relevantes que demuestran esta hipótesis, investigadores, organizaciones y familiares de víctimas, han aportado pruebas que sacan a la luz las negligencias, la corrupción y la i...

  4. El papel del narcotráfico en los feminicidios de Ciudad Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Gallur Santorum, Santiago

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Durante más de quince años las autoridades del estado de Chihuahua, han negado categóricamente que el narcotráfico tuviera relación alguna con los asesinatos y desapariciones de mujeres en Ciudad Juárez. Sin embargo, a pesar de los esfuerzos de las autoridades en invisibilizar todas las pruebas relevantes que demuestran esta hipótesis, investigadores, organizaciones y familiares de víctimas, han aportado pruebas que sacan a la luz las negligencias, la corrupción y la i...

  5. Ciudad, espacio y ceguera en ciudad Juárez México

    OpenAIRE

    María E. Vega Ocampo

    2015-01-01

    En el norte de México en la frontera con Estados Unidos, en ciudad Juárezla comunidad ciega mantiene en nuestros días una ausencia participativa en lo cotidiano; la estructura urbana de poca inclusión los lleva a crear alternativas para su movilidad. El presente artículo tiene por objetivo comprender y analizar cómo es la interacción social y espacial de las/los ciegos en una ciudad deshabilitada para su movilidad. Se utilizó un enfoque cualitativo empleando como estrategias de re...

  6. Exploring the efficacy of an environmental health intervention in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández, Alma A; Grineski, Sara E

    2010-01-01

    This study explores the efficacy of an environmental health intervention in several poor colonias in Ciudad Juárez (Mexico). Parents of children with respiratory problems were given environment-friendly products intended to replace hazardous products used in the home, as well as information about environmental health. Parents were surveyed before and after to measure the effectiveness of the intervention and to gauge perceptions. There was a significant reduction in hazardous chemical use (eg, cleaning products and pesticides) and breathing problems. While the intervention focused on changing in-home behaviors, open-ended responses revealed that parents were most concerned about outdoor environmental conditions over which they had less control.

  7. Medio ambiente y servicios urbanos en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Padilla Delgado

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se pretende mostrar el escenario del medio ambiente y los servicios urbanos en Ciudad Juárez durante los años ochenta. Inicia con un esbozo sobre la problemática ambiental de las ciudades fronterizas. Continúa con una descripción de los problemas ambientales y de los servicios urbanos, en particular del agua y drenaje. Concluye con un comentario sobre los efectos que en la salud de los habitantes pueden asociarse al deterioro del medio ambiente.

  8. Tri vrste socijalnih organizacija na otočju jugoistočne Azije

    OpenAIRE

    1991-01-01

    U članku se raspravljaju Morganove, više od stotinu godina stare, teze o terminologiji srodstva. Morgan svoje zaključke nije izvodio ne temelju historijskih i genetičkih dodira među narodima već na temelju karaktera socijalne organizacije. Njegove teze do sada nisu bile raspravljane ni osporavane ali ih autor u ovome radu ocjenjuje kao etnološke greške. Raspravljaju se i neke postavke E. Leacha. Donose i nove spoznaje autora o tipovima socijalne organizacije na otočju jugoistočne Azije....

  9. Medio ambiente y servicios urbanos en Ciudad Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Padilla Delgado

    2009-01-01

    En este trabajo se pretende mostrar el escenario del medio ambiente y los servicios urbanos en Ciudad Juárez durante los años ochenta. Inicia con un esbozo sobre la problemática ambiental de las ciudades fronterizas. Continúa con una descripción de los problemas ambientales y de los servicios urbanos, en particular del agua y drenaje. Concluye con un comentario sobre los efectos que en la salud de los habitantes pueden asociarse al deterioro del medio ambiente.

  10. El problema de la vivienda en Ciudad Juárez: los asentamientos humanos irregulares

    OpenAIRE

    Bertha Caraveo C.

    2009-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende plantear y explicar mediante un análisis exhaustivo el problema de la vivienda en Ciudad Juárez, ya que a raíz de este problema se originan diversos problemas sociales los cuales son explicados en la redacción del presente documento haciendo mención de los más destacados en la actualidad como lo son la incapacidad económica en la adquisición de las viviendas, debido a los bajos niveles de ingreso que perciben los individuos que residen en esta Ciudad, así como el...

  11. USTVARJALNOST UČENCEV 4. RAZREDA NA PODROČJU KOMPONIRANJA MELODIJ

    OpenAIRE

    Plazovnik, Mateja

    2013-01-01

    Dejavnost »komponiranja«, v smislu ustvarjanja ter zapisovanja melodije k danemu besedilu, ni pogosto vključena v pouk glasbene vzgoje v osnovnošolskem izobraževanju. Z namenom proučiti ustvarjalne sposobnosti četrtošolcev na tem področju, smo oblikovali tri delavnice, ki so potekale na OŠ Neznanih talcev Dravograd. V delavnicah je sodelovalo 18 učencev iz četrtih razredov, in sicer 9 učencev, ki obiskuje glasbeno šolo in 9 učencev, ki glasbene šole ne obiskuje. Naš sekundarni namen je bil pr...

  12. TRENDI NA PODROČJU CELOVITIH INFORMACIJSKIH REŠITEV (ERP)

    OpenAIRE

    Bednjanič, Aljaž

    2012-01-01

    V diplomskem seminarju so predstavljeni trendi na področju rešitev ERP. Ponudniki rešitev ERP nenehno spreminjajo in dopolnjujejo svoje produkte ter jim dodajajo nove funkcionalnosti. Predstavljeni so naslednji trendi: x-ERP, zunanje izvajanje rešitev ERP, rešitev ERP kot storitev (SaaS ERP), ERP v oblaku in mobilni dostop. Zagotovo je najzanimivejša novost ERP v oblaku. Ta nudi številne prednosti, a obstaja veliko vprašanj, povezanih z varnostjo podatkov v oblaku. Pogledali smo, kako je z zu...

  13. Turismo y estructura territorial en Ciudad Juárez, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Gallegos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo muestra un panorama de la estructura territorial del turismo en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. El estudio se divide en dos apartados: en el primero se hacen las precisiones conceptuales pertinentes y se sintetizan los eventos históricos representativos del turismo en la frontera norte de México; en el segundo se analizan algunos componentes de la estructura territorial referida, tales como los atractivos que posibilitan la actividad turística, el uso del suelo, los vínculos de comunicación y los flujos de visitantes.

  14. Usporedna analiza sustava za 3D digitalizaciju u području stomatološke protetike

    OpenAIRE

    Budak, Igor; Trifkovic, Branka; Puskar, Tatjana; Vukelic, Djordje; Vucaj-Cirilovic, Viktorija; Hodolic, Janko; Todorovic, Aleksandar

    2013-01-01

    Među modernim inženjerskim tehnologijama koje su pronašle široku primjenu u području stomatologije, jedna od najčešće korištenih je 3D digitalizacija. Ovaj se rad bavi primjenom sustava za 3D digitalizaciju u području stomatološke protetike i pokušava doprinijeti u tom području kroz usporednu analizu ove vrste sustava. Posebna pažnja je usmjerena na ekstra-oralne sustave 3D digitalizacije i među njima na ne-specijalizirane stomatološke sustave 3D digitalizacije. Osim općeg pregleda i analize ...

  15. Transfrontera Crimes: Representations of the Juárez Femicides in Recent Fictional and Non-Fictional Accounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marietta Messmer

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In her article, Marrietta Messmer discusses the representation of the Juárez femicides and their traumatizing effects on the Juárez/El Paso community in four recently published accounts: Teresa Rodriguez's journalistic account The Daughters of Juarez (2007, the documentary Señorita Extraviada (2001 directed by Lourdes Portillo, the feature film Bordertown (2006, directed by Gregory Nava, and Alicia Gaspar de Alba's mystery novel Desert Blood: The Juárez Murders (2005. More specifically, she analyzes the degree to which these sources regard the femicides not merely as a Mexican problem but as a structural and highly significant transborder issue that has its roots in the region's current political and economic developments, as well as its pervasive social and cultural changes.

  16. Identificación de Chlamydophila abortus en un aborto ovino en Almoloya de Juárez, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgardo Soriano-Vargas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSe identificó la presencia de Chlamydophila abortus en un aborto ovino procedente de Almoloya de Juárez, México.SummaryChlamydophila abortus was identified in an ovine aborted fetus from Almoloya de Juárez, México

  17. Turismo industrial: oportunidades y retos dentro del sector de manu- factura en Ciudad Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Arturo Bribiescas Silva; Ignacio Romero Magaña; Emmanuel García Uribe

    2015-01-01

    Turismo Industrial, tema relevante dentro de la región fronteriza Ciudad Juá-rez-El Paso, donde la Industria de manufactura tiene gran dinamismo eco-nómico, y se visualizan expectativas y propuestas innovadoras a este sector. Este trabajo es una exploración de las oportunidades y retos de la industria manufacturera instalada en Ciudad Juárez para desarrollar actividades de turismo industrial en sus instalaciones. La información se obtuvo a través de entrevistas a profundidad con 15 gerentes d...

  18. A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Sierra de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovito, Sean M; Parra-Olea, Gabriela; Lee, Dana; Wake, David B

    2012-01-01

    We describe a new species of Bolitoglossa (Nanotriton) from the Sierra de Juárez and Sierra Mixe of Oaxaca, Mexico. Bolitoglossa chinantecasp. n. is distinguished from the three other species in the subgenus Nanotriton by its more robust body, by having substantial numbers of maxillary teeth and differences in relative head width, foot width, and limb length. The new species occurs in sympatry with Bolitoglossa (Nanotriton) rufescens at the type locality. The description of another species of salamander from the Sierra de Juárez is noteworthy, given the already high plethodontid salamander species richness of the region.

  19. Integrated river basin management of Južna Morava River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borisavljević Ana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade in particular, Serbia encountered the problems of drinking water supply, which influenced the perception of professional public about the water crisis but also started more intensive work on water resource perseverance as well as the implementation of European Water Directive. One of the main demands of the Directive focuses on integrated river basin management (IRBM, which is a complex and a large task. The need to collect data on water quality and quantity, specific and key issues of water management in Južna Morava river basin, pressures on river ecosystem, flood risks and erosion problems, cross-border issues, socioeconomic processes, agricultural development as well as protected areas, and also to give the measures for solving problems and pressures recognized in the basin, is undisputable. This paper focuses on detailed analysis of specific pressures on river ecosystem and composition of recommendations for integrated management of Južna Morava river basin as cross-border river basin, taking into the account European experiences in IRBM. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007: Istraživanje klimatskih promena na životnu sredinu - praćenje uticaja, adaptacija i ublažavanje, podprojekat br. 9: Učestalost bujičnih poplava, degradacija zemljišta i voda kao posledica globalnih promena

  20. Low Angle Contact Between the Oaxaca and Juárez Terranes Deduced From Magnetotelluric Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arzate-Flores, Jorge A.; Molina-Garza, Roberto; Corbo-Camargo, Fernando; Márquez-Ramírez, Víctor

    2016-10-01

    We present the electrical resistivity model along a profile perpendicular to the Middle America trench in southern Mexico that reveals previously unrecognized tectonic features at upper to mid-crustal depths. Our results support the hypotheses that the upper crust of the Oaxaca terrane is a residual ~20 km thick crust composed by an ~10 km thick faulted crustal upper layer and an ~10 km thick hydrated and/or mineralized layer. Oaxaca basement overthrust the younger Juárez (or Cuicateco) terrane. The electrical resistivity model supports the interpretation of a slab subducting at a low angle below Oaxaca. Uplift in the Oaxaca region appears to be related to fault reactivation induced by low angle subduction. In the Juárez terrane, isostatic forces may contribute to uplift because it is largely uncompensated. In the Sierra Madre del Sur, closer to the coast, uplift is facilitated by slab-dehydration driven buoyancy. Both gravity and resistivity models are consistent with a thinned upper crust in the northeast end of the profile.

  1. Iedzīvotāju ienākuma nodokļa ietekme uz iedzīvotāju dzīves līmeni

    OpenAIRE

    Putniņš, Dairis

    2010-01-01

    Diplomdarba tēma „Iedzīvotāju ienākuma nodokļa ietekme uz iedzīvotāju dzīves līmeni” šobrīd sabiedrībā ir aktuāla, jo iedzīvotāju ienākuma nodoklis ir svarīga ienākumu sastāvdaļa gan Latvijas valsts budžetā, gan arī pašiem iedzīvotājiem. Visi nodokļi Latvijā tiek balstīti uz vienotu nodokļu politiku, kas ir viens no svarīgākajiem instrumentiem valsts ekonomikas attīstības veidošanā un iedzīvotāju dzīves līmeņa paaugstināšanā. Šobrīd priekšroka gan tiek dota tam, lai tiktu palielināti budžeta ...

  2. Una poética de la memoria: la poesía de Rafael Juárez

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valdivia, P.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the intellectual and literary foundations of Rafael Juárez’s poetic discourse are studied in depth. Such assessment is specifically carried out taking as an example his poetry collection entitled Aulaga. From the theoretical framework provided by Paul Ricoeur in his works about the no

  3. Teadlased: Juštšenkole anti väga puhast mürki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Suurbritannia ajakiri Lancet väidab, et dioksiin, mis põhjustas Ukraina presidendile Viktor Juštšenkole 2004. aastal tõsise mürgituse, oli nii puhas, et pidi pärinema otse laboratooriumist, kuna loodusest ei saa puhast dioksiini

  4. Una poética de la memoria: la poesía de Rafael Juárez

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valdivia, P.

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the intellectual and literary foundations of Rafael Juárez’s poetic discourse are studied in depth. Such assessment is specifically carried out taking as an example his poetry collection entitled Aulaga. From the theoretical framework provided by Paul Ricoeur in his works about the

  5. Hayabusa2 mission target asteroid (162173) 1999 JU_3: Searching for the object's spin-axis orientation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Müller, T.; Durech, J.; Mueller, M.; Kiss, C.; Vilenius, E.; Ishiguro, M.

    2014-01-01

    The JAXA Hayabusa2 mission was approved in 2011 with launch planned for late 2014. Arriving at the asteroid (162173) 1999 JU_3 in 2018, it will survey it, land, and obtain surface material, then depart in late 2019, and return to the Earth in December 2020. We observed the near-Earth asteroid 1999 J

  6. Hayabusa2 mission target asteroid (162173) 1999 JU_3: Searching for the object's spin-axis orientation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Müller, T.; Durech, J.; Mueller, M.; Kiss, C.; Vilenius, E.; Ishiguro, M.

    2014-01-01

    The JAXA Hayabusa2 mission was approved in 2011 with launch planned for late 2014. Arriving at the asteroid (162173) 1999 JU_3 in 2018, it will survey it, land, and obtain surface material, then depart in late 2019, and return to the Earth in December 2020. We observed the near-Earth asteroid 1999

  7. Activismo transnacional y calidad de la democracia en México: Reflexiones en torno al caso de Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Martín

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Transnational activism and quality of democracy  in Mexico: reflections centring on the case of Ciudad JuárezThis article analyses the impact of transnational  activism in the call to solve the deaths of hundreds of women in Cuidad Juárez. The efforts of  organizations of relatives of disappeared women  to secure the solidarity of national and international organizations and networks have been crucial  in influencing the federal Mexican government to  investigate these crimes. In addition, by placing  the problem inside wider frames of interpretation  – those of gender violence and human rights–, the  organizations of Juarez have helped to open the  debate concerning the question of violence in  general against women in Mexico. Nevertheless,  the results of the movement at the local level are  still far from satisfactory due to questions related  both to internal problems and weaknesses of local  organizations as well as to structural problems of  democracy in Mexico, which include the weakness of rule of law and the ineffectiveness of the  political system in implementing effective accountability.Resumen:El artículo analiza el impacto de la internacionalización de la movilización en pro del esclarecimiento de los crímenes cometidos contra mujeres  en Ciudad Juárez, México. La capacidad de las  organizaciones de familiares de desaparecidas de  concitar la solidaridad de organizaciones y redes  nacionales e internacionales, ha sido determinante  para desencadenar la intervención del gobierno  federal mexicano en la investigación de los crí- menes. Asimismo, a través de la inserción del  problema en marcos de interpretación más amplios – los de la violencia de género y los derechos humanos -, las organizaciones de Juárez han  contribuido a abrir el debate en torno a la violencia contra la mujer en México. Sin embargo, a  nivel local los resultados del movimiento se encuentran aún lejos

  8. Algumas anotações sobre o juízo em Hume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro C. Godoy

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O filósofo escocês David Hume produziu uma teoria acerca dos processos cognitivos humanos que tem vasta influência na contemporaneidade, sobretudo na Filosofia da Mente e na Epistemologia. Desta influência relevante decorre a necessidade de interpretações sérias e cautelosas, ainda que isto demande muito cuidado com a terminologia peculiar de sua obra, que pode levar a comparações mal embasadas com outros autores. Na intenção de colaborar para o esclarecimento e qualificação do debate acerca das contribuições de Hume, o presente texto pretende apresentar uma visão resumida, mas geral da sua filosofia teórica, de modo a deixar claro que i as relações de ideias descritas na filosofia do autor não constituem, por si só, uma teoria do juízo; ii sua concepção de juízo deve ser buscada na sua explicação da crença e iii apesar da marcante influência de seus antecessores (principalmente de Locke e Descartes, sua filosofia apresenta uma teoria do juízo original e repleta de particularidades. Abstract The Scottish philosopher David Hume produced a theory about human cognitive processes that has widespread influence in contemporary, especially in the Philosophy of Mind and Epistemology. This important influence demands serious and cautious interpretations, and it burdens indeed care with the peculiar terminology of his work in order to avoid ill-grounded comparisons with other authors. Intending to contribute to clarification and qualification of the debate about the contributions of Hume, this text presents a general idea, though resumed, of his theoretical philosophy in order to make clear that: i the relations of ideas described in the philosophy of the author are not, by itself, a theory of judgment; ii his conception of judgment must be searched in his explanation of belief and iii despite the remarkable influence of his predecessors (Descartes and Locke especially, his philosophy has a full detailed and original theory

  9. Impactos de la maquila en el medio ambiente de Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Centro de Estudios Regionales y Comunicación Alternativa (CERCA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo analizamos, de manera general, los cambios que ha generado el proyecto maquilador en Ciudad Juárez. Primero observamos su efecto sobre el crecimiento de la mancha urbana, la dotación de servicios, etcétera, su repercusión en el medio ambiente y las condiciones de vida de la población juarense. Nos planteamos, además, ubicar los principales problemas causados por el desarrollo de la industria maquiladora, particularmente en lo relativo a los desechos tóxicos y nucleares, así como apuntar la tendencia del proyecto económico-urbano que ésta ha impuesto en nuestra ciudad, para concluir con una breve presentación de las reacciones populares y algunas propuestas ante el problema. Asimismo, exponemos los problemas de contaminación que resultan de otras actividades no vinculadas a la industria maquiladora.

  10. Homicidio masculino en Ciudad Juárez. Costos de las masculinidades subordinadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Cruz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El homicidio masculino agudizado en Ciudad Juárez en los años 2008 y 2009, con casi cuatro mil asesinatos, constituye la expresión más evidente de la violencia urbana. Dicha violencia ha tomado rostro en hombres, en su mayoría jóvenes y marginados. Los datos muestran un comportamiento del homicidio doloso asimilado a significados relacionados con la masculinidad más tradicional, cuyo costo recae en la vida misma. Se observa a través de los escenarios, los horarios en que ocurren los eventos y las formas de ejecución, que esta práctica delictiva puede ser comprendida como una actividad masculina que explota una subjetividad proclive a la violencia y que reproduce las asimetrías de género y significados asociados a la dicotomía masculino-femenino.

  11. Street Art at the Border: Representations of Violence and Death in Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Alejandra SILVA LONDOÑO

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una lectura interpretativa de las tramas de sentido de la violencia y la muerte violenta en Ciudad Juárez, a partir de su representación en el arte urbano. Por medio de entrevistas en profundidad, observación participante, recorridos urbanos y regis - tro fotográf ico de la producción artística de los colectivos de arte urbano fronterizo se explora cómo las/os jóvenes se conciben a sí mismas/os, perciben su experiencia biográf ica y cuáles son sus márgenes de agencia desde las prácticas artísticas en contextos de violencia.

  12. residenciales de madres sin cónyuge en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Zamorano Villarreal

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se abordarán los itinerarios y las prácticas residenciales de madres sin cónyuge en Ciudad Juárez, ese punto de convergencia de inmigrantes nacionales y capitales internacionales y ahora, una de las más importantes ciudades maquiladoras del país. A partir de 51 historias de vida con trabajadoras de esta industria, se comparan los itinerarios residenciales de familias monoparentales con los de familias biparentales. Esta comparación permite ver las desventajas de las primeras para ingresar al mercado de la vivienda, que no se explican únicamente por factores de orden económico, sino también moral y práctico.

  13. Ciudad Juárez en los sesenta: la estructura urbana en transición

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Enrique Gutiérrez Casas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo está estructurado de tal forma que puedan cubrirse, de manera general, los distintos aspectos que consideramos explican el problema de la vivienda en Ciudad Juárez. En la primera parte planteamos el problema de la vivienda desde varios aspectos, déficit, bajos salarios y pérdida del poder adquisitivo de los trabajadores, fluctuación del mercado inmobiliario, crecimiento poblacional, cambios en la composición del mercado laboral, flujos migratorios, políticas económicas y de vivienda. En la segunda parte centramos nuestro análisis en los AHI. Sus rasgos principales son las formas irregulares de apropiación del suelo urbano, la autoconstrucción y la introducción ilegal de servicios públicos, entre otros.

  14. Social acceptability urban form and sustainability in urban neighborhoods in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Gabriela Vargas Fernández

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the field of urban planning, questioning around sustainability and the possibility of sustainable urban planning has led to a new set of approaches and discussions that impact studies on urban form and sustainable livelihoods. This approach characterized the work presented by Mike Jenks and Colin Jones (2010, Dimensions of the Sustainable City, where a set of variables are presented about urban sustainability from the neighbourhood level of analysis. In that sense, this article proposes the analysis of three social housing neighborhoods in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México, integrating aspects of urban form and social acceptability, in order to understand the relationship between the physical and sociocultural dimensions of the concept of urban sustainability.

  15. Femicídio em Juárez (México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Paulino Bueno

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta a situação atual de mulheres operárias   no México, com ênfase na cidade fronteiriça de Juárez, onde há uma incidência altíssima des assassinatos de mulheres. A maioria destas mulheres é torturada e estuprada antes de serem assassinadas. Apesar do fato da humilhação do homem pobre numa cultura que paulatinamente destrói o modelo familiar estável ser um fator para esta violência contra mulheres, a cultura machista é o maior fator parar a esta situação. O artigo traz algumas estatísticas e reflexões sobre o impacto destas mortes na família das vítimas, assim como em toda a sociedade. Abstract: the essay presents the current situation of factry workers in Mexico, with emphasis on the frontier city of Juárez, where there is a very high incidence of murder of women.  Most of these women are tortured and raped before they are killed. Although the humiliation of poor men in a culture that slowly destroys a stable family model is an important factor for violence against women, the machista culture is the biggest factor for this situation.  The article brings some statidstics and reflects on the impact of these deaths on the families of the victims, as well as on the whole society.

  16. 40 CFR 86.1818-12 - Greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles. 86.1818-12 Section 86.1818... vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles. (a) Applicability. This section contains... vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles. Manufacturers that qualify as a small...

  17. Aspectos epidemiológicos da Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana no município de Juína, Mato Grosso, Brasil = Epidemiological aspects of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the city of Juína, Mato Grosso state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    França, Eduardo Luzia

    2009-01-01

    Conclusões: a análise dos dados revelou que a Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana é uma parasitose importante no município de Juína. Os dados sugerem relação com a atividade laboral e um perfil de transmissão predominantemente silvestre, o que deve ser levado em conta ao definir medidas de controle da doença na região

  18. Mental health outcomes of Mexico's drug war in Ciudad Juárez: A pilot study among university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Kathleen; Vizcaino, Maricarmen; Benavides, Nora A

    2014-03-01

    During the most intense period of armed conflict related to the drug trade in Mexico, forty students attending the Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez (UACJ) in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, were surveyed in this pilot study for symptoms of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. The percentage of participants who scored positively for symptoms of PTSD depression and anxiety were 32.5%, 35% and 37.5%, respectively. Criteria for post-traumatic stress were analyzed separately. The most frequently-reported traumatic events included extortion or robbery, confinement to home, injury to loved one, being in an armed conflict, witnessing a killing or dead body and being beaten. Trauma events positively associated with depression, anxiety and PTSD symptoms included robbery or extortion, armed conflict situation, exposure to frequent arms fire, and witnessing a killing or dead body.

  19. Juízos e valores morais: a perspectiva de investigação dos modelos organizadores do pensamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Sérgio Vasconcelos

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available As ideias propostas neste estudo teórico têm como objetivo ampliar as perspectivas de investigação sobre juízos e valores morais. Após uma reflexão crítica sobre teorias que contribuíram com importantes conceitos no campo da Psicologia Moral, foram feitos alguns apontamentos que nos parecem promissores nessa área, tendo por referencial teórico-metodológico a Teoria dos Modelos Organizadores do Pensamento. Essa teoria procura destacar que apenas os recursos cognitivos operatórios não são suficientes para explicar como o sujeito apreende e julga a realidade. Nessa perspectiva, conclui-se como fundamental o papel dos conteúdos na organização das representações mentais relacionadas aos juízos e valores morais.

  20. Turismo industrial: oportunidades y retos dentro del sector de manu- factura en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Arturo Bribiescas Silva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Turismo Industrial, tema relevante dentro de la región fronteriza Ciudad Juá-rez-El Paso, donde la Industria de manufactura tiene gran dinamismo eco-nómico, y se visualizan expectativas y propuestas innovadoras a este sector. Este trabajo es una exploración de las oportunidades y retos de la industria manufacturera instalada en Ciudad Juárez para desarrollar actividades de turismo industrial en sus instalaciones. La información se obtuvo a través de entrevistas a profundidad con 15 gerentes de las empresas más importantes de esta región. Dentro de los resultados se puede observar que las actividades del turismo industrial son percibidas por los gerentes entrevistados como benéficas y consideradas como una actividad alterna a la manufactura.

  1. Ciudad, espacio y ceguera en ciudad Juárez México / City, Space, and Blindness Juárez, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Esther Vega-Ocampo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:Cambria;} Resumen. La comunidad ciega en ciudad Juárez Mexico en frontera con Estados Unidos, mantiene en nuestros días una ausencia participativa en lo cotidiano, la estructura urbana de poca inclusión, los lleva crear alternativas para su movilidad. El objetivo  de este estudio es comprender y analizar cómo es la interacción social y espacial del ciego en una ciudad deshabilitada para su movilidad. Se utilizo un enfoque cualitativo que permitiese una observación cercana al grupo mediante entrevistas semi estructurada y observación participante, se escogió a un grupo de jóvenes ciegos que asisten a la Escuela para Ciegos Luis Braille. Se encontró que la ciudad  muestra un reflejo marginal que genera restricciones en su traslado, movilidad y aprendizaje espacial manteniendo una difícil autonomía.   Abstract: The community of visually impaired persons in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, sitting astride the United States border, is practically absent from the city's day-to-day life. Providing negligible accommodations, Ciudad Juarez is not an inclusive environment and thus the visually impaired must auto-construct their own means of mobility to get out into the broader community they inhabit. The objective of this study is to analyze and understand the social and spacial interaction of the visually impaired in a northern Mexican border city entirely unequipped for them. The study focuses on a group of students at the Luis Braille School for the Blind in Ciudad Juarez, who were interviewed and observed during a prolonged period of time, and concludes that

  2. MOGUĆNOST PRIMJENE MODELA “BALANCED SCORECARD” NA PODRUČJU FINANCIJSKIH INSTITUCIJA: PRIMJER IZ HRVATSKE POSLOVNE PRAKSE

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Pozitivni rezultati modela Balanced Scorecard ostvareni u razvijenim gospodarstvima potaknuli su autora u istraživanju njegove eventualne moguće primjene na području financija. Model procjenjuje poslovanje polazeći od njegove četiri osnovne razine: financijske, marketinške, interne i organizacijske i služi kao osnova za implementaciju nove tržišno-orijentirane strategije poslovanja.

  3. Last call for Spitzer support of sample-return mission Hayabusa 2: measuring the thermal inertia of 1999 JU3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Michael; Emery, Joshua; Rivkin, Andrew; Trilling, David; Hora, Joe; Delbo, Marco; Sugita, Seiji; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Choi, Young-Jun; Mommert, Michael

    2012-12-01

    The JAXA mission Hayabusa 2, scheduled to launch in 2014/2015, will visit the low-albedo near-Earth asteroid 1999 JU3, and will return a regolith sample to Earth in 2020. An international observation campaign has amassed a large body of data toward the physical characterization of the target asteroid, informing the mission planning and maximizing the mission's scientific return. While the physical characterization of JU3 has advanced significantly in the past years, open questions remain that only Spitzer can answer: * Just what is the object's thermal inertia? Thermal inertia governs the surface temperature distribution, crucial knowledge for near-surface operations and sampling, and is an indicator for the presence or absence of regolith. Previous thermal observations led to inconclusive results. * Is there any surface variability in thermal inertia or albedo? There is tantalizing evidence for a variable 0.7-micron spectral feature, which may indicate further reaching surface heterogeneity. The only way to answer these questions before Hayabusa-2's arrival at its target is through Spitzer observations in 2013. Only Spitzer affords the required sensitivity and repeatability at thermal-infrared wavelengths. Additionally, due to JU3's peculiar orbit, 2013 is the last chance to obtain Spitzer observations through the end of 2016 (Horizons does not provide Spitzer-centric ephemerides beyond this date). JU3 is already too poorly placed for Earth-based observations to be obtained of sufficient quality to address these critical science questions. The 2013 apparition is uniquely favorable for thermal-inertia measurements from Spizter due to the wide range spanned in solar phase angle and sub-Spitzer latitude. We propose observations at 2 times 7 phase angles, with Spitzer-centric latitudes on both the Northern and Southern hemisphere. Additional thermal lightcurves will provide evidence for the presence of absence of thermal-inertia variegation over the surface.

  4. [Patients' rights--doctors' duties].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, L; Bertram, E; Grate, S; Mischkowsky, T; Paul, D; Probst, J; Scala, E; Wbllenweber, H D

    2015-06-01

    On 26 February 2013 the new "Law on Patients' Rights" (hereinafter also the "Law") became effective. This Law strengthens patients' rights vis-à-vis the insurdnce company and also regulates patients' rights regarding their relation to the doctor. This has consequences for the laws on medical liability all doctors must consider. The doctor's performance is and remains a service and such service does not hold any guarantee of success. Nevertheless, this Law primarily reads as a "law on the duties of physicians". To duly take into account these duties and to avoid mistakes and misinterpretation of the Law, the Ethics Committee of the Consortium of Osteosynthesis Trauma Germany (AOTRAUMA-D) has drafted comments on the Law. Brief summaries of its effects are to be found at the end of the respective comment under the heading "Consequences for Practice". The text of the law was influenced particularly by case law, as continuously developed by the German Federal Court of Justice ("BGH"). The implementation of the Law on Patients' Rights was effected by the newly inserted sections 630a to 630h of the German Civil Code (the "BGB"), which are analysed below. The following comments are addressed to physicians only and do not deal with the specific requirements and particularities of the other medical professions such as physiotherapy, midwifery and others so on. Special attention should be paid to the comments on the newly inserted Duty to inform, which has to be fullfilled prior to any diagnostic or therapeutic procedure (sec. 630c para 2 sentence 1 BGB). Under certain conditions the doctor also has to inform the patient about the circumstances that lead to the presumed occurance of a therapeutic or diagnostic malpractice (sec. 630c para. 2 sentence 2 BGB), based on the manifestation of an undesired event or an undesired outcome. As before, the patient's valid consent to any procedure (sec. 630d BGB) is directly linked to the comprehensive and timely provision of information

  5. Capacitación de líderes comunitarios como gestores sociales en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Álvarez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo consiste en describir el desarrollo de un esquema de capacitación de líderes co - munitarios. El enfoque de la formación está dirigido a la gestión de proyectos de incidencia en las comunidades, basándose en diagnósticos participativos. El taller de formación de líderes comunitarios fue desarrollado por la Comisión Nacional para Prevenir y Erradicar la Violencia contra las Mujeres (Conavim en conjunto con la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez y la Fundación del Empresariado Chihuahuense (Fechac y se diseñó tomando en consideración el ambiente de crisis social y de seguridad por la que atravesó Ciudad Juárez, así como en las necesidades de capacitación de promotores sociales expresadas en el programa “Todos somos Juárez”.

  6. Thermo-physical properties of 162173 (1999 JU3), a potential flyby and rendezvous target for interplanetary missions

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, T G; Hasegawa, S; Abe, M; Kawakami, K; Kasuga, T; Kinoshita, D; Kuroda, D; Urakawa, S; Okumura, S; Sarugaku, Y; Miyasaka, S; Takagi, Y; Weissman, P R; Choi, Y -J; Larson, S; Yanagisawa, K; Nagayama, S

    2010-01-01

    Near-Earth asteroid 162173 (1999 JU3) is a potential flyby and rendezvous target for interplanetary missions because of its easy to reach orbit. The physical and thermal properties of the asteroid are relevant for establishing the scientific mission goals and also important in the context of near-Earth object studies in general. Our goal was to derive key physical parameters such as shape, spin-vector, size, geometric albedo, and surface properties of 162173 (1999 JU3). With three sets of published thermal observations (ground-based N-band, Akari IRC, Spitzer IRS), we applied a thermophysical model to derive the radiometric properties of the asteroid. The calculations were performed for the full range of possible shape and spin-vector solutions derived from the available sample of visual lightcurve observations. The near-Earth asteroid 162173 (1999 JU3) has an effective diameter of 0.87 +/- 0.03 km and a geometric albedo of 0.070 +/- 0.006. The chi2-test reveals a strong preference for a retrograde sense of r...

  7. The Impact of Multiple Concussions on Emotional Distress, Post-Concussive Symptoms, and Neurocognitive Functioning in Active Duty United States Marines Independent of Combat Exposure or Emotional Distress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lathan, Corinna E.; Bleiberg, Joseph; Tsao, Jack W.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Controversy exists as to whether the lingering effects of concussion on emotional, physical, and cognitive symptoms is because of the effects of brain trauma or purely to emotional factors such as post-traumatic stress disorder or depression. This study examines the independent effects of concussion on persistent symptoms. The Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment, a clinical decision support tool, was used to assess neurobehavioral functioning in 646 United States Marines, all of whom were fit for duty. Marines were assessed for concussion history, post-concussive symptoms, emotional distress, neurocognitive functioning, and deployment history. Results showed that a recent concussion or ever having experienced a concussion was associated with an increase in emotional distress, but not with persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS) or neurocognitive functioning. Having had multiple lifetime concussions, however, was associated with greater emotional distress, PPCS, and reduced neurocognitive functioning that needs attention and rapid discrimination, but not for memory-based tasks. These results are independent of deployment history, combat exposure, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Results supported earlier findings that a previous concussion is not generally associated with post-concussive symptoms independent of covariates. In contrast with other studies that failed to find a unique contribution for concussion to PPCS, however, evidence of recent and multiple concussion was seen across a range of emotional distress, post-concussive symptoms, and neurocognitive functioning in this study population. Results are discussed in terms of implications for assessing concussion on return from combat. PMID:25003552

  8. El impuesto predial en Ciudad Juárez desde una perspectiva de equidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Peña-Medina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El aspecto de equidad en el impuesto predial es un tema relevante que se aborda en este artículo. Ésta se diferencia entre vertical y horizontal; la primera se refiere a un enfoque progresivo en donde aquellas propiedades que valen más pagan una tasa superior a las de menor valor; la equidad horizontal apunta a un tema de valuación y, en ella, las propiedades comparables pagan la misma tasa. El artículo tiene como objetivo poner a prueba la hipótesis de regresividad del impuesto predial; se argumenta que ésta es inequitativa dado que en términos proporcionales las propiedades de menor valor pagan una tasa superior a las de mayor valor. Los resultados en esta investigación soportan la hipótesis de que existe un efecto de regresividad en el impuesto predial en Ciudad Juárez; consecuentemente es importante reflexionar sobre la estructura actual del sistema catastral.

  9. Daudzlietotāju tīmekļa RPG spēle

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrijevs, Maksims

    2011-01-01

    „Daudzlietotāju tīmekļa RPG spēle” – cīņu spēles portāls, kas izstrādāts cilvēkiem, kam patīk spēlēt un sazināties ar citiem cilvēkiem, kādu laiku atrodoties mākslīgā pasaulē. Tā ir laba iespēja attīstīt savu stratēģisko domāšanu un fantāziju un atrast jaunus draugus. Moderatoriem ir iespēja kontrolēt kārtību portālā un veidot jaunus ieročus un bruņu. Savukārt administrators var pārvaldīt moderatorus un spēlētājus. Spēles uzbūve ļauj projektam augt, bet lietotāja saskarne paredzēta ērtai un i...

  10. Optical observations of NEA 162173 Ryugu (1999 JU3) during the 2016 apparition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Myung-Jin; Choi, Young-Jun; Moon, Hong-Kyu; Krugly, Yurij N.; Greenstreet, Sarah; Lister, Tim; Kaynar, Suleyman; Rumyantsev, Vasilij V.; Molotov, Igor E.; Donchev, Zahary

    2016-10-01

    Near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu (1999 JU3) is the target of the JAXA's Hayabusa 2 spacecraft which is the first sample return mission to a C-type asteroid. The physical properties of Ryugu were investigated from vigorous ground-based observations conducted during the previous observational opportunities in the 2007 - 2008 and 2011 - 2012 apparitions. However, the pole orientation that is essential for the safety and fuel efficiency of landing and sampling on the asteroid was not precisely constrained due to large uncertainties in photometric data and small variations in the lightcurve amplitude, probably resulting from a spheroidal shape with the axial ratio a/b = 1.12. We carried out the network observations for Ryugu between European and American Continents, and also in Hawaii and Australia, during the end of July to the beginning of the August 2016 nearly simultaneously. We employed several 1-2 m class telescopes: RTT 1.5 m in Turkey, Terksol 2 m in Russia, Rozhen 2 m in Bulgaria, LCOGT 2 m Faulkes Telescopes in US and Australia, McDonald 2.1 m in USA, ZTSh 2.6 m in Crimea, Ukraine. Based on our dataset, we will present the rotational period and the amplitude using the dense lightcurve data.

  11. La cultura del feminicidio en Ciudad Juárez, 1993-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Estela Fragoso Monárrez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El proposito de esta investigación es analizar los asesinatos cometidos contra niñas y mujeres de Ciudad Juárez en los años de 1993 a 1999, a través de la categoría analítica del feminicidio. Diferenciar las distintas clases de feminicidios y delinear los perfiles sociodemográficos de vulnerabilidad de las niñas y las mujeres asesinadas. Finalmente clasificar la relación de parentesco entre la víctima y el victimario. Los datos se recolectaron de fuentes secundarias y oficiales para 162 víctimas. Los resultados arrojan un perfil preliminar sociodemográfico de las víctimas y confirman la existencia de varios tipos de feminicidios en algunos casos en relación a la ocupación de las víctimas. En cuanto a la noción de un asesino serial o una epidemia de machismo que repite patrones de exterminio, ambas categorías se encuentran presentes. Los resultados también confirman una relación de parentesco o desconocimiento entre las víctimas y el victimario

  12. La segregación socioespacial en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, 1990-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo A. López Navarrete

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la segregación socioespacial en el municipio de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, para responder a la pregunta de investigación: ¿cuáles son las características principales de la distribución espacial de los estratos socioeconómicos, así como su evolución en el tiempo? El análisis factorial permite, mediante el método de componentes principales, combinar variables socioeconómicas y generar indicadores para saber si los habitantes de determinadas zonas urbanas comparten características similares, para analizar el grado de segregación espacial. La hipótesis de desigualdad no se pudo rechazar mediante la validez estadística de los índices de segregación socioespacial, excepto el del año 2000. Se concluye que el problema de la segregación es producto de la especulación del suelo de desarrolladores privados, y que también el Estado es un actor clave para generarla y revertirla.

  13. La vivienda precarista en Ciudad Juárez: urbanización de subsistencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Valdivia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente ensayo se tiene como propósito destacar de qué manera los llamados grupos "marginados" de la sociedad buscan la satisfacción de un bien de consumo necesario como lo es la vivienda. Así también, se analiza el papel que juegan los grupos precaristas en una localidad como lo es Ciudad Juárez, la cual constituye en la actualidad la frontera de mayor importancia económica del país. La limitada participación del Estado en la oferta de vivienda ha llevado a estos grupos a satisfacer la demanda de este bien a través de la autoconstrucción, esto es, al margen de los mecanismos del mercado formal. Los grupos precaristas constituyen grandes contingentes de población en los cuales descansa la economía fronteriza. En esta localidad, este sector ha accedido al bien vivienda a través de la obtención del suelo urbano, en la mayoría de las veces por la vía de la invasión. Para lograr lo anterior, la ayuda mutua o solidaria, constituye la clave que les permite iniciar el largo camino, cuyo fin último es la obtención de una vivienda definitiva.

  14. El problema de la vivienda en Ciudad Juárez: los asentamientos humanos irregulares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertha Caraveo C.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende plantear y explicar mediante un análisis exhaustivo el problema de la vivienda en Ciudad Juárez, ya que a raíz de este problema se originan diversos problemas sociales los cuales son explicados en la redacción del presente documento haciendo mención de los más destacados en la actualidad como lo son la incapacidad económica en la adquisición de las viviendas, debido a los bajos niveles de ingreso que perciben los individuos que residen en esta Ciudad, así como el incremento de la demanda por la migración de otras Ciudades hacia esta misma, ya que cada vez se genera una escasez de oferta, entrando en jugo la especulación en el mercado inmobiliario, promovido por las políticas económicas y de vivienda.

  15. Dominancia Cerebral en la Industria Maquiladora en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Castro

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio fue identificar modelos de pensamiento y habilidades en correspondencia al puesto y área laboral, mediante la evaluación del instrumento Herrmann de Dominancia Cerebral HBDI (Herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument, 1989, en una planta industrial de Ciudad Juárez, Chih. Participaron 176 gerentes y personal administrativo mexicanos. Se describen estadísticos de cuatro categorías de dominancia en tres áreas laborales. Se encontraron puntuaciones elevadas en las categorías lógico-controlador para todas las áreas laborales respecto a las habilidades interpersonales-holísticas, lo cual corresponde al manejo de dominancia cerebral del hemisferio cortical superior. Con una varianza total explicada del 76% en factorial confirmatorio y fiabilidad aceptable de la escala (α=.657, el instrumento fue identificado como versátil, económico y de fácil evaluación, al servir adecuadamente para selección, promoción, desarrollo organizacional y comprensión del clima laboral.

  16. Representaciones sociales de las mujeres operadoras en la industria maquiladora en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Patricia Rojas González

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El tema medular del presente trabajo de investigación se centra en las variables que intervienen en la representación social (RS de las mujeres operadoras de producción en la industria maquiladora en ciudad Juárez con el fin de conocer de qué manera la (RS está influenciada por el estilo de vida y el entorno laboral y cómo les afecta a sus intereses particulares en los ámbitos laboral y personal. Los resultados obtenidos de la investigación inducen acciones que se traduzcan en práctica real de las políticas públicas “ya existentes” gestionando su impulso ante las instancias del gobierno con el fin de que los resultados expuestos en porcentajes, sean tomados para beneficio del estilo de vida y el entorno laboral de la mujer operadora de producción.

  17. Carbon monoxide exposure in households in Ciudad Juárez, México.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya, Teresa; Gurian, Patrick L; Velázquez-Angulo, Gilberto; Corella-Barud, Verónica; Rojo, Analila; Graham, Jay P

    2008-03-01

    This study assessed exposure to carbon monoxide from gas and wood heater emissions in a sample of 64 households in peri-urban residential areas in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Indoor and outdoor carbon monoxide concentrations and temperatures were monitored for a continuous period of 1 week at 1 and 6-min intervals, respectively. The moving average carbon monoxide concentrations were compared to the World Health Organization (WHO) standards for carbon monoxide. Sixty-seven percent of households with gas heaters and 60% of households with wood heaters exceeded a health-based standard at some point during the monitoring. The difference between indoor and outdoor temperatures was modestly correlated with average carbon monoxide exposure (r=0.35, p-value <0.01). Heater type may be a stronger determinant of exposure, as households with a particular heater model (the El Sol FM-210) were significantly more likely to be among the more highly exposed households (odds ratio of 4.8, p-value of 0.02). A variety of health effects were pooled and found at elevated frequency in the households that exceeded the 8-h standard of 9ppm (odds ratio=5.1, p-value=0.031). These results highlight the need for further efforts to identify and mitigate potentially hazardous carbon monoxide exposures, particularly in moderate-income countries with cooler climates.

  18. IMPACT OF CPO EXPORT DUTIES ON MALAYSIAN PALM OIL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibragimov Abdulla

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In January 2013, Malaysia reduced the export duty structure to be in line with the Indonesia’s duty structure. Both countries export crude and processed palm oil. Since Malaysia and Indonesia are close competitors and they compete in the same market, a change in export duty rate in one country will affect the other. Indonesia, as the world’s biggest palm oil producer, has drastically widened the values between the crude palm oil and refined palm oil export taxes since October 2011, to encourage more downstream investments and production of refined palm oil products. Under the revised export duty structure, crude palm oil and crude palm kernel oil are cheaper for downstream activities in Indonesia. The new structure is expected to reduce Malaysia’s competitiveness in the world market as its export duty is relatively higher. A high export duty results in high price of crude palm oil which is the raw material for processed palm oil. The research questions are: (i What are the likely future trends of crude palm oil exports under the new crude palm oil export duties? Will it increase, reduce or stabilize? (ii What are the likely future trends of processed palm oil exports? Will it increase exponentially, stabilize or reduce? To answer these questions, a system dynamics model was developed for the Malaysian palm oil. Application of the system dynamics model provides a framework to understand the feedback structure and how changes in variables impact the behavior of the palm oil industry. This research suggests that with low crude palm oil export duties crude palm oil domestic price, profitability of plantation owners, immature crop, mature crop, total planted area, production and exports of crude palm oil increase, however exports of processed palm oil decrease.

  19. Supervision Duty of School Principals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kürşat YILMAZ

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Supervision by school administrators is becoming more and more important. The change in the roles ofschool administrators has a great effect on that increase. At present, school administrators are consideredmore than as technical directors, but as instructional leaders. This increased the importance of schooladministrators’ expected supervision acts. In this respect, the aim of this study is to make a conceptualanalysis about school administrators’ supervision duties. For this reason, a literature review related withsupervision and contemporary supervision approaches was done, and the official documents concerningsupervision were examined. As a result, it can be said that school administrators’ supervision duties havebecome very important. And these duties must certainly be carried out by school administrators.

  20. Minimal processing of juçara´s heart palm packed in brine acidifiedProcessamento mínimo de palmito juçara embalado em salmoura acidificada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Fernanda Souza Aoki

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The juçara’s palm (Euterpe edulis, native to the Atlantic Forest is one of the palms most exploited for the removal of heart palm and the tree was removed in large areas. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of the methodology of "minimally processed" in juçara’s palm. The raw material was obtained by COOPERÁGUA, Sete Barras (SP through a Sustainable Management Plan culminating in a permit issued by IBAMA, Forestry Foundation and DPRN. The process began with the withdrawal of external sheaths and cut, with subsequent immersion in a solution of sodium metabisulphite (Na2S2O5– 200 ppm, sanitize with a chlorine solution and soak in brine acidified to wait until the filling. The cuttings were placed in polyethylene bags containing acidified solution at concentrations A 0.225%, B 0.375%, C 0.6%, D 0.825% determined by titration curve. The staining became clearer in treatments C and D, due to more acidity, resulting in higher inactivation of enzymes. Even with these positive results, were concluded that minimal processing of juçara is not effective due to the blackout, preventing its commercialization. To stop it requires the bleaching step, which does not characterize it as minimally processed.A palmeira juçara (Euterpe edulis, nativa da Mata Atlântica, é uma das mais exploradas para retirada do palmito; tratando-se de produto importante no bioma, a palmeira foi eliminada em vastas áreas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a viabilidade da metodologia “minimamente processados” para o palmito de juçara. A matéria-prima foi obtida através de Plano de Manejo Sustentável licenciado pelo IBAMA, Fundação Florestal e DPRN. O processamento iniciou-se com a retirada das bainhas externas e corte do palmito, com posteriores imersão em solução de metabissulfito de sódio (Na2S2O5 na concentração 200 ppm, higienização com solução clorada e imersão em salmoura acidificada de espera até o envase. Os toletes

  1. Julgamento perceptivo-auditivo das oclusivas velares associadas à fissura labiopalatina por juízes com e sem experiência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Objetivo: verificar: a o grau de concordância de juízes no julgamento perceptivo-auditivo da produção de oclusivas velares, antes e depois da fonoterapia; b a possível influência da composição fonética das amostras de fala nesta concordância e c se os julgamentos obtidos por juízes com experiência diferem daqueles obtidos por juízes sem experiência, nas condições investigadas. Métodos: 60 amostras de fala de uma criança com fissura labiopalatina (30 previamente e 30 posteriormente a fonoterapia e 30 amostras de fala de uma criança com fala típica (normal foram julgadas por um grupo de 9 juízes. Três fonoaudiólogos estabeleceram os julgamentos consensuais "padrão ouro" para o estudo. Seis outros juízes julgaram as amostras: três considerados com experiência (fonoaudiólogos e três sem experiência (alunos de graduação. As amostras de fala incluíram palavras constituídas pelas oclusivas velares /k/ e /g/ combinada com as vogais /a/, /i/ e /u/. Os juízes foram instruídos a julgar a presença, a ausência das oclusivas velares ou a presença de AC nestas amostras. Resultados: verificou-se diferenças no grau de concordância de juízes com experiência (Kappa moderada e sem experiência (Kappa baixo para os julgamentos realizados na condição pré-fonoterapia. O contexto fonético das amostras de fala influenciaram os julgamentos nas condições pré e pós-fonoterapia. Houve maior percentual de acerto para os juízes experientes condição pré-fonoterapia (p-valor <0,001. Conclusão: a experiência dos juízes e composição fonética das amostras de fala influenciam os julgamentos perceptivo-auditivos das AC.

  2. THE INDEFENSIBLE DUTY TO DEFEND

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Neal Devins; Saikrishna Prakash

    2012-01-01

    .... First, the duties to enforce and defend lack any sound basis in the Constitution. Hence, while President Obama is right to refuse to defend the Defense of Marriage Act, he is wrong to continue to enforce a law he believes is unconstitutional...

  3. A juçara vai à escola: aprendizagem entre pessoas, coisas e instituições

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Gules Borges

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoEste artigo é resultado de uma etnografia sobre materialidade, educação e aprendizagem realizada no contexto de uma rede local de educadoras ambientais atuantes em escolas públicas de ensino fundamental no litoral norte do Rio Grande do Sul, no Brasil. Tivemos por objetivo seguir as linhas que constituem o protagonismo da palmeira juçara, Euterpe edulis, espécie botânica conhecida popularmente como açaí da Mata Atlântica. Estivemos atentos aos seus usos nas práticas de alimentação e educação ambiental desenvolvidas pelas educadoras da Teia (Teia de Educação Ambiental da Mata Atlântica. Desde nossa perspectiva, a juçara é um outro não humano que participa de uma trama de relações sociais e materiais, entrelaçando pessoas, coisas e instituições e está no centro de um feixe de processos de aprendizagem individuais, sociais e ambientais. Dialogamos com uma noção de aprendizagem pensada a partir dos modos pelos quais experiências educativas são vividas nos termos de uma sintonia fina e dos laços de copertencimento com a dimensão não humana do ambiente, estabelecendo laços produtivos com outros humanos e não humanos. Nesse sentido, descrevemos a convivência entre as educadoras e a juçara como oportunidade para compreender formas de aprendizagem escolar e não escolar em uma comunidade rural no Rio Grande do Sul que, como qualquer outra, é constituída por um mundo mais que humano.

  4. Participación ciudadana en las colonias sin agua potable y alcantarillado de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Córdova Bojórquez; Ma. de Lourdes Romo Aguilar

    2007-01-01

    En este artículo se presenta un análisis de la participación ciudadana en la gestión del agua en 14 colonias que carecen del servicio de agua potable y alcantarillado en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. La metodología consistió en analizar y relacionar las influencias externas e internas de los ciudadanos resultando una participación ciudadana muy baja en la gestión del agua determinada en gran medida por el poco conocimiento sobre el tema, la poca confianza en las instituciones públicas, la mínima ...

  5. 25 CFR 122.6 - Duties of the Osage Tribal Education Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Duties of the Osage Tribal Education Committee. 122.6 Section 122.6 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES MANAGEMENT OF OSAGE JUDGMENT FUNDS FOR EDUCATION § 122.6 Duties of the Osage Tribal Education Committee. (a)...

  6. Latvijas Neredzīgo bibliotēkas pakalpojumu kvalitāte lietotāju vērtējumā

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    2011. gadā akreditācijas komisija konstatēja, ka Latvijas Neredzīgo bibliotēkas darbība neatbilst valsts nozīmes bibliotēkas statusa iegūšanai. Bibliotēkas veiktās lietotāju aptaujas rezultāti arī apliecina, ka lietotāji vēlētos, lai pakalpojumu sistēma tiktu pilnveidota. Tāpēc maģistra darbā tiek izzināts, vai ir atšķirības starp lietotāju vēlmēm un reāli saņemtajiem pakalpojumiem. Kā pētniecības metodes izmantota lietotāju aptauja (anketēšana), intervijas un situācijai adaptētais SERVQUAL m...

  7. Avaliação da Composição Centesimal, Mineral e Teor de Antocianinas da Polpa de Juçaí (Euterpe edulis Martius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leilson de Oliveira Ribeiro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A polpa de juçaí, fruto da palmeira juçara (Euterpe edulis Martius encontrada nas áreas da Mata Atlântica e a polpa de açaí, fruto da palmeira juçara (Euterpe oleracea Martius cultivado na Floresta Amazônica, foram caracterizadas obtendo assim sua composição centesimal, mineral e também seu teor de antocianinas. Com os resultados obtidos foi possível fazer um estudo comparativo da concentração de antocianinas das duas polpas congeladas e verificar a importância do consumo destes alimentos, classificados como funcionais, devido às propriedades antioxidantes de suas antocianinas no combate dos radicais livres no organismo humano.

  8. 19 CFR 141.1 - Liability of importer for duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability of importer for duties. 141.1 Section... Merchandise § 141.1 Liability of importer for duties. (a) Time duties accrue. Duties and the liability for... for by law. (b) Payment of duties—(1) Personal debt of importer. The liability for duties,...

  9. 城市应急重气扩散模型在JU2003扩散试验中的模拟验证%Simulation Verification of Urban Emergency Dense Gas Dispersion Model in JU2003 Dispersion Campaign Observation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄江平; 王喜全; 王自发; 梁丹青

    2014-01-01

    发展了一个能够考虑昼夜大气稳定度差异的城市应急重气扩散模型——SLAB_URBAN模型,利用该模型对美国Oklahoma City Joint Urban 2003(JU2003)城市扩散试验进行了模拟,主要关注下风方向不同观测距离的Cmaxu/Q值,并将模型模拟出的C…u/Q值与JU2003试验观测的Cmaxu/Q值进行了对比验证.结果表明:SLAB_URBAN模型能够模拟出昼夜不同稳定度条件下城市重气扩散在下风方向浓度的分布状况;SLAB URBAN模型的统计误差分析显示其模拟结果与观测值较一致;此外,从应急反应和安全角度考虑,SLAB_URBAN模型也符合实际工作的需求.

  10. Nezakonit ribolov v morskih vodah na območju Evropske unije : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Siničič, Aleš

    2014-01-01

    Diplomsko delo z naslovom Nezakonit ribolov v morskih vodah na območju Evropske unije predstavlja povezano področje (organizirane) ekološke kriminalitete in pojava nezakonitega ribolova. Glavni cilj diplomske naloge je identificirati in podrobno analizirati probleme nezakonitega ribolova kot oblike organizirane ekološke kriminalitete v morjih na območju Evropske unije z namenom iskanja predlogov rešitev. Ugotovitve, pridobljene s pomočjo analize pisnih virov, kažejo, da je obseg pojava nezako...

  11. Factores asociados con el uso inconsistente de condón en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres de ciudad juárez

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo Analizar los factores asociados con el uso inconsistente de condón en hombres que tienen sexo con hombres (HSH) de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. Material y métodos Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal y analítico con una muestra por conveniencia (n=186) de HSH de Ciudad Juárez. Las variables independientes fueron: nivel socioeconómico, actitudes hacia del uso del condón, uso de drogas, consumo de alcohol, identidad por orientación sexual y la discrimina­ción por orientación s...

  12. Heavy Duty Vehicle Futures Analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Askin, Amanda Christine; Barter, Garrett.; West, Todd H.; Manley, Dawn Kataoka

    2014-05-01

    This report describes work performed for an Early Career Research and Development project. This project developed a heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) sector model to assess the factors influencing alternative fuel and efficiency technology adoption. This model builds on a Sandia light duty vehicle sector model and provides a platform for assessing potential impacts of technological advancements developed at the Combustion Research Facility. Alternative fuel and technology adoption modeling is typically developed around a small set of scenarios. This HDV sector model segments the HDV sector and parameterizes input values, such as fuel prices, efficiencies, and vehicle costs. This parameterization enables sensitivity and trade space analyses to identify the inputs that are most associated with outputs of interest, such as diesel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Thus this analysis tool enables identification of the most significant HDV sector drivers that can be used to support energy security and climate change goals.

  13. Double Exposure and the Climate Gap: Changing demographics and extreme heat in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grineski, Sara E; Collins, Timothy W; McDonald, Yolanda J; Aldouri, Raed; Aboargob, Faraj; Eldeb, Abdelatif; Aguilar, María de Lourdes Romo; Velázquez-Angulo, Juárez Gilberto

    2015-02-01

    Scholars have recognized a climate gap, wherein poor communities face disproportionate impacts of climate change. Others have noted that climate change and economic globalization may mutually affect a region or social group, leading to double exposure. This paper investigates how current and changing patterns of neighborhood demographics are associated with extreme heat in the border city of Juárez, Mexico. Many Juárez neighborhoods are at-risk to triple exposures, in which residents suffer due to the conjoined effects of the global recession, drug war violence, and extreme heat. Due to impacts of the recession on maquiladora employment and the explosion of drug violence (since 2008), over 75% of neighborhoods experienced decreasing population density between 2000 and 2010 and the average neighborhood saw a 40% increase in the proportion of older adults. Neighborhoods with greater drops in population density and increases in the proportion of older residents over the decade are at significantly higher risk to extreme heat, as are neighborhoods with lower population density and lower levels of education. In this context, triple exposures are associated with a climate gap that most endangers lower socioeconomic status and increasingly older aged populations remaining in neighborhoods from which high proportions of residents have departed.

  14. Operation Duties on the F-15B Research Testbed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong, Samson S.

    2010-01-01

    This presentation entails what I have done this past summer for my Co-op tour in the Operations Engineering Branch. Activities included supporting the F-15B Research Testbed, supporting the incoming F-15D models, design work, and other operations engineering duties.

  15. Academic Entrepreneurship and Traditional Academic Duties: Synergy or Rivalry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Silva, Muthu

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the influence of academic entrepreneurship on traditional academic duties carried out in a resource-constrained environment, particularly focusing on whether there is synergy or rivalry between these two activities. Using qualitative evidence, we discover that there are funding, resource, knowledge and skill and networking…

  16. Constraining duty cycles through a Bayesian technique

    CERN Document Server

    Romano, P; Segreto, A; Ducci, L; Vercellone, S

    2014-01-01

    The duty cycle (DC) of astrophysical sources is generally defined as the fraction of time during which the sources are active. However, DCs are generally not provided with statistical uncertainties, since the standard approach is to perform Monte Carlo bootstrap simulations to evaluate them, which can be quite time consuming for a large sample of sources. As an alternative, considerably less time-consuming approach, we derived the theoretical expectation value for the DC and its error for sources whose state is one of two possible, mutually exclusive states, inactive (off) or flaring (on), as based on a finite set of independent observational data points. Following a Bayesian approach, we derived the analytical expression for the posterior, the conjugated distribution adopted as prior, and the expectation value and variance. We applied our method to the specific case of the inactivity duty cycle (IDC) for supergiant fast X-ray transients. We also studied IDC as a function of the number of observations in the ...

  17. Developing high-resolution urban scale heavy-duty truck emission inventory using the data-driven truck activity model output

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perugu, Harikishan; Wei, Heng; Yao, Zhuo

    2017-04-01

    Air quality modelers often rely on regional travel demand models to estimate the vehicle activity data for emission models, however, most of the current travel demand models can only output reliable person travel activity rather than goods/service specific travel activity. This paper presents the successful application of data-driven, Spatial Regression and output optimization Truck model (SPARE-Truck) to develop truck-related activity inputs for the mobile emission model, and eventually to produce truck specific gridded emissions. To validate the proposed methodology, the Cincinnati metropolitan area in United States was selected as a case study site. From the results, it is found that the truck miles traveled predicted using traditional methods tend to underestimate - overall 32% less than proposed model- truck miles traveled. The coefficient of determination values for different truck types range between 0.82 and 0.97, except the motor homes which showed least model fit with 0.51. Consequently, the emission inventories calculated from the traditional methods were also underestimated i.e. -37% for NOx, -35% for SO2, -43% for VOC, -43% for BC, -47% for OC and - 49% for PM2.5. Further, the proposed method also predicted within ∼7% of the national emission inventory for all pollutants. The bottom-up gridding methodology used in this paper could allocate the emissions to grid cell where more truck activity is expected, and it is verified against regional land-use data. Most importantly, using proposed method it is easy to segregate gridded emission inventory by truck type, which is of particular interest for decision makers, since currently there is no reliable method to test different truck-category specific travel-demand management strategies for air pollution control.

  18. Review of Arciaga, Juárez y Mendoza (Coords. (2013. Introducción a la Psicología Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Lara

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Reseña del libro: Salvador Arciaga Bernal, Juana Juárez Romero y Jorge Mendoza Garcia  (coord. (2013. Introducción a la Psicología Social. México: UAM-MAPorrúa. ISBN 978-607-28-0109-7

  19. Faktoringa izmantošanas iespēju teorētiskā un praktiskā izpēte Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Faktoringa izmantošanas iespēju teorētiskā un praktiskā izpēte Latvijā”. Daudzi uzņēmumi saskaras ar informācijas trūkumu par faktoringa piedāvājumiem Latvijas tirgū, tāpēc autore šajā darbā ir izpētījusi un salīdzinājusi Latvijas galveno faktoringa devēju piedāvājumus. Darba mērķis ir noteikt uzņēmumam izdevīgāko faktoringa devēju, veicot Latvijas faktoringa tirgus analīzi. Darba rezultātā secināts, ka faktorings dod iespēju uzņēmumam paātrināt naudas līdzekļu ...

  20. N/om, Change, and Social Work: A Recursive Frame Analysis of the Transformative Rituals of the Ju/'hoan Bushmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeney, Hillary; Keeney, Bradford

    2013-01-01

    The Ju/'hoan Bushman origin myth is depicted as a contextual frame for their healing and transformative ways. Using Recursive Frame Analysis, these performances are shown to be an enactment of the border crossing between First and Second Creation, that is, pre-linguistic and linguistic domains of experience. Here n/om, or the presumed creative…

  1. Individual rights versus societal duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermeersch, E

    1999-10-29

    In 'bioethics', the rights to self-determination and to informed consent of the patient are prerequisites to every medical decision: paternalism is no longer a justifiable attitude. Hence, it seems that compulsory vaccination is an unacceptable praxis. Even John Stuart Mill. however, took into account other values: e.g. the duty not to harm others. This article is dedicated to the analysis of the historical development of these values and to their relevance for the ethics of vaccination. The acceptability of coercion is upheld, but no clear-cut answers are given in general: in every case the pros and cons of coercion are to be weighed carefully against each other.

  2. The Duty to Rescue and Investigators' Obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKay, Douglas; Rulli, Tina

    We examine current applications of the moral duty to rescue to justify clinical investigators' duties of ancillary care and standard of care to subjects in resource-poor settings. These applications fail to explain why investigators possess obligations to research participants, in particular, and not to people in need, in general. Further, these applications fail to recognize the normative significance of the institutional role of the investigators. We offer a positive account of the duty to rescue for investigators as institutional agents, with duties to populations rather than merely individuals.

  3. [On the moral dutifulness of using vaccinations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refolo, P; González-Melado, F J; Di Pietro, M L

    2015-01-01

    People had contradictory opinions on using vaccinations over time: an initial opposition, later large favour and then doubts and perplexities. In recent times, some movements, blogs and associations stigmatize the use of vaccinations and they are increasingly asking to remove mandatory vaccinations in countries where they are active. The impact of the antivaccination campaigns should not be underestimated, considering that, for example, in Italy, due to these campaigns, adhesions to vaccinations are decreasing by 1% per year, and in reference to rubella and measles, adhesions decreased by 25% in some regions of the country. Overcoming the choice between mandatory and recommended vaccinations, the paper deals with the topic of using preventive immunization starting from the concept of "moral dutifulness".

  4. 19 CFR 159.38 - Rates for estimated duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... duties. For purposes of calculating estimated duties, the port director shall use the rate or rates... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rates for estimated duties. 159.38 Section 159.38 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF...

  5. EPA Presentation Regarding the Advanced Light-Duty Powertrain and Hybrid Analysis (ALPHA) Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page contains a selection of the presentations that EPA has publicly presented about our work on the Midterm Evaluation (MTE). It highlights EPA's benchmarking and modeling activities relating to light duty greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

  6. Participación ciudadana en las colonias sin agua potable y alcantarillado de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Córdova Bojórquez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un análisis de la participación ciudadana en la gestión del agua en 14 colonias que carecen del servicio de agua potable y alcantarillado en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. La metodología consistió en analizar y relacionar las influencias externas e internas de los ciudadanos resultando una participación ciudadana muy baja en la gestión del agua determinada en gran medida por el poco conocimiento sobre el tema, la poca confianza en las instituciones públicas, la mínima disposición de participar en proyectos comunitarios y por la gran influencia que tiene el sistema político en la gestión del servicio.

  7. Determinantes de la proveeduría nacional a la industria maquiladora: el caso de Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Ponce-Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un modelo teórico que explica la falta de integración vertical de la industria maquiladora con la industria local en Ciudad Juárez. En nuestro modelo teórico la demanda derivada de insumos depende de la tecnología de producción, el valor monetario del producto marginal, y los costos marginales de los factores de producción. El análisis teórico sugiere que si la productividad marginal cruzada entre los insumos importados y domésticos es negativa, las depreciaciones del tipo de cambio pueden inducir una menor integración vertical. Además, en este artículo presentamos evidencia de algunas de las propuestas de nuestro modelo teórico.

  8. Raising Children in a Violent Context: An intersectionality approach to understanding parents' experiences in Ciudad Juárez.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grineski, Sara E; Hernández, Alma A; Ramos, Vicky

    2013-01-01

    Children and parents' daily lives are rarely highlighted in coverage of drug wars. Using 16 interviews with parents in the Mexican border city of Juárez in 2010, we examine how drug violence impacts families with a focus on intersections of gender and social class. Related to mobility (the first emergent theme), fathers had increased mobility as compared to mothers, which caused different stresses. Material hardships heightened mothers' isolation within the home, and mothers more often had to enforce children's mobility restrictions, which children resisted. Related to employment (the second emergent theme), fathers took on dangerous jobs to provide for the family while mothers had fewer options for informal employment due to violence. In sum, men and women faced different challenges, which were intensified due to class-based material disadvantages. Conformity with traditional gender expectations for behavior was common for men and women, illustrating the normalization of gender inequality within this context.

  9. Mental Health Concerns: Veterans & Active Duty

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... crisis—particularly if it’s a life-threatening mental health crisis—you should proceed immediately to a military or civilian emergency room for acute care or call 911. How Will Asking for Mental Health Treatment Affect My Career? Military personnel have always ...

  10. Forgiveness and the Limits of Duty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Archer, Alfred

    2017-01-01

    Can there be a duty to forgive those who have wronged us? According to a popular view amongst philosophers working on forgiveness the answer is no. Forgiveness, it is claimed, is always elective. This view is rejected by Gamlund (2010a; 2010b) who argues that duties to forgive do exist and then

  11. Health versus harm: euthanasia and physicians' duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, J L A

    2007-01-01

    This essay rebuts Gary Seay's efforts to show that committing euthanasia need not conflict with a physician's professional duties. First, I try to show how his misunderstanding of the correlativity of rights and duties and his discussion of the foundation of moral rights undermine his case. Second, I show aspects of physicians' professional duties that clash with euthanasia, and that attempts to avoid this clash lead to absurdities. For professional duties are best understood as deriving from professional virtues and the commitments and purposes with which the professional as such ought to act, and there is no plausible way in which her death can be seen as advancing the patient's medical welfare. Third, I argue against Prof. Seay's assumption that apparent conflicts among professional duties must be resolved through "balancing" and argue that, while the physician's duty to extend life is continuous with her duty to protect health, any duty to relieve pain is subordinate to these. Finally, I show that what is morally determinative here, as throughout the moral life, is the agent's intention and that Prof. Seay's implicitly preferred consequentialism threatens not only to distort moral thinking but would altogether undermine the medical (and any other) profession and its internal ethics.

  12. 45 CFR 46.403 - IRB duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false IRB duties. 46.403 Section 46.403 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Additional Protections for Children Involved as Subjects in Research § 46.403 IRB duties. In addition to...

  13. Exit and the duty to admit

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lenard, Patti Tamara

    2015-01-01

    .... I argue that receiving states are duty-bound to act in ways that enable migrants to exercise their right to exit. In particular, I argue that receiving states have a perfect duty to collectivize the process by which needy migrants can exercise the right to exit.

  14. Forgiveness and the Limits of Duty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Archer, Alfred

    2017-01-01

    Can there be a duty to forgive those who have wronged us? According to a popular view amongst philosophers working on forgiveness the answer is no. Forgiveness, it is claimed, is always elective. This view is rejected by Gamlund (2010a; 2010b) who argues that duties to forgive do exist and then prov

  15. Seven Legal Duties of a Coach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figone, Albert J.

    1989-01-01

    This article identifies seven legal duties of coaches and discusses the practical application of each. These duties relate to supervision, planning, warning of risks, providing a safe environment, evaluating players for injuries and incapacities, fairly matching players, and first aid and emergency procedures. (IAH)

  16. 7 CFR 1205.332 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Secretary, a program of research, advertising, and sales promotion projects, together with a... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Cotton Board § 1205.332 Duties. The Board shall have the following duties:...

  17. Dependence of pulsed focused ultrasound induced thrombolysis on duty cycle and cavitation bubble size distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Shanshan; Zong, Yujin; Feng, Yi; Liu, Runna; Liu, Xiaodong; Hu, Yaxin; Han, Shimin; Wan, Mingxi

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the relationship between the efficiency of pulsed, focused ultrasound (FUS)-induced thrombolysis, the duty cycle (2.3%, 9%, and 18%) and the size distribution of cavitation bubbles. The efficiency of thrombolysis was evaluated through the degree of mechanical fragmentation, namely the number, mass, and size of clot debris particles. First, we found that the total number and mass of clot debris particles were highest when a duty cycle of 9% was used and that the mean diameter of clot debris particles was smallest. Second, we found that the size distribution of cavitation bubbles was mainly centered around the linear resonance radius (2.5μm) of the emission frequency (1.2MHz) of the FUS transducer when a 9% duty cycle was used, while the majority of cavitation bubbles became smaller or larger than the linear resonance radius when a 2.3% or 18% duty cycle was used. In addition, the inertial cavitation dose from the treatment performed at 9% duty cycle was much higher than the dose obtained with the other two duty cycles. The data presented here suggest that there is an optimal duty cycle at which the thrombolysis efficiency and cavitation activity are strongest. They further indicate that using a pulsed FUS may help control the size distribution of cavitation nuclei within an active size range, which we found to be near the linear resonance radius of the emission frequency of the FUS transducer.

  18. Duty ratio of cooperative molecular motors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dharan, Nadiv; Farago, Oded

    2012-02-01

    Molecular motors are found throughout the cells of the human body and have many different and important roles. These micromachines move along filament tracks and have the ability to convert chemical energy into mechanical work that powers cellular motility. Different types of motors are characterized by different duty ratios, which is the fraction of time that a motor is attached to its filament. In the case of myosin II (a nonprocessive molecular machine with a low duty ratio), cooperativity between several motors is essential to induce motion along its actin filament track. In this work we use statistical mechanical tools to calculate the duty ratio of cooperative molecular motors. The model suggests that the effective duty ratio of nonprocessive motors that work in cooperation is lower than the duty ratio of the individual motors. The origin of this effect is the elastic tension that develops in the filament which is relieved when motors detach from the track.

  19. Crossing borders: extraterritorial application of Australian directors’ duties

    OpenAIRE

    McKeown, Peter Julian Joseph

    2017-01-01

    Australian corporations operate in an increasingly international environment. It has intuitive appeal that Australian law should regulate the conduct of directors of Australian corporations even if it occurs outside Australia. This however can create tension with the competing rights of the foreign state in whose territory this conduct occurs to regulate such conduct. This thesis examines two questions. Firstly, does Australian law governing directors’ duties in fact apply to activities of a ...

  20. Embers of society: Firelight talk among the Ju/'hoansi Bushmen

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Polly W. Wiessner

    2014-01-01

    .... However, little is known about what transpired when firelight extended the day, creating effective time for social activities that did not conflict with productive time for subsistence activities...

  1. A qualidade de vida no trabalho de desembargadores e juízes da comarca de Belo Horizonte: estudo de casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio Flávio Renault de Moraes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Inicialmente investigou-se a qualidade de vida no trabalho dos desembargadores lotados no Tribunal de Justiça de Minas Gerais e dos juízes de primeira instância lotados no Fórum Lafayette em Belo Horizonte.

  2. A Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT) for the Hayabusa 2 Mission to 1999 JU3: The Scientific Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaumann, Ralf; Bibring, Jean-Piere; Glassmeier, Karl-Heiz; Grott, Mathias; Ho, Tra-Mi; Ulamec, Stefan; Schmitz, Nicole; Auster, Ulrich; Biele, Jens; Kuninaka, Hitoshi; Okada, Tatsuaki; Yoshikawa, Makoto; Watanabe, Sei-ichiro; Fujimoto, Masaki; Spohn, Tilman; Koncz, Aalexander; Hercik, Davis; Michaelis, Harald

    2015-04-01

    MASCOT, a Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout, will support JAXA's Hayabusa 2 mission to investigate the C-type asteroid 1999 JU3 (1). The German Aer-ospace Center (DLR) develops MASCOT with contributions from CNES (France) (2,3,4). Main objective is to in-situ map the asteroid's geomorphol-ogy, the intimate mixture, texture and composition of the regolith (dust, soil and rocks), and the thermal, mechanical, and magnetic properties of the sur-face in order to provide ground truth for the orbiter remote measurements, support the selection of sampling sites, and provide context information for the returned samples. MASCOT comprises a payload of four scientific in-struments: camera, radiometer, magnetometer and hyperspectral microscope. C- and D-type asteroids hold clues to the origin of the solar system, the for-mation of planets, the origins of water and life on Earth, the protection of Earth from impacts, and resources for future human exploration. C- and D-types are dark and difficult to study from Earth, and have only been glimpsed by spacecraft. While results from recent missions (e.g., Hayabusa, NEAR (5, 6, 7)) have dramatically increased our understanding of asteroids, important questions remain open. For example, characterizing the properties of asteroid regolith in-situ would deliver important ground truth for further understanding telescopic and orbital observations and samples of such asteroids. MASCOT will descend and land on the asteroid and will change its own position up to two times by hopping. This enables measurements during descent, at the landing and hopping positions #1-3, and during hopping. Hayabusa 2 together with MASCOT launched December 3rd 2014, will arrive at 1999JU3 in 2018 and return samples back to Earth in 2020. References: (1) Vilas, F., Astronomical J. 1101-1105, 2008; (2) Ulamec, S., et al., Acta Astronautica, Vol. 93, pp. 460-466; (3) Jaumann et al., 45th LPSC, #1812, Houston; (4) Ho et al., 45th LPSC, #2535, Houston; (5) Spe-cial Issue

  3. Adolescents' smoking experiences, family structure, parental smoking and socio-economic status in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Yelena; Staines-Orozco, Hugo; Moraros, John

    2016-02-20

    Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. Tobacco use and secondhand-tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure are classified as a pediatric disease. In Mexico, the prevalence of smoking has decreased among adults but paradoxically increased among adolescents, particularly among young females. This study was designed to determine the association between adolescents' smoking experiences (smoking behaviors and second hand smoke [SHS] exposure), family structure, parental smoking and socio-economic status (SES) in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. This is a cross-sectional, population-based study. Data was collected from sixth-grade students (N = 506) attending school in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. Descriptive analyses were conducted. The relationship between key outcome variables (adolescents smoking and SHS exposure) and independent variables (family structure, parental smoking, and SES level) were examined. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed while controlling for possible confounders (i.e. gender and age). The overall prevalence of ever/lifetime smoking and SHS exposure at home was 29.6 and 41.1 %, respectively. Results of the logistic regression analysis show that being a member of a non-intact family [(OR = 2.20; 95 % CI = 1.21-3.90) and (OR = 2.45; 95 % CI = 1.19-4.10) respectively], having parents who smoke [(OR = 4.41; 95 % CI = 2.15-5.46) and (OR = 4.95; 95 % CI = 2.25-7.12) respectively], and living in low SES setting [(OR = 1.73; 95 % CI = 1.43-3.30) and (OR = 1.99; 95 % CI = 1.16-4.00) respectively] are significantly associated with ever smoking and SHS exposure at home among sixth grade students. The findings of our study show that tobacco use and SHS exposure are strongly associated with adolescents living in low SES, non-intact households that have parents that smoke. To be effective, tobacco strategies specifically tailored for this particularly vulnerable group of adolescents would require a

  4. Pircēju rīcības izpēte Latvijas nekustamo īpašumu tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Leonoviča, Indra

    2009-01-01

    Indra Leonoviča. Bakalaura darbs „Pircēju rīcības izpēte Latvijas nekustamo īpašumu tirgū”. Bakalaura darbā analizēta pircēju rīcība nekustamo īpašumu tirgū un pirkšanu ietekmējošie faktori ekonomiskās krīzes apstākļos. Pirmajā daļā pētīti pircēju rīcības patēriņa tirgū teorētiskie aspekti, otrajā daļā raksturots nekustamo īpašumu tirgus Latvijā, tirgus dinamika, veikta nozares vides analīze, izmantojot M.Portera modeli, PEST un SVID analīzes. Trešajā nodaļā apkopoti nekustamo īpašumu pirc...

  5. Patērētāju uzvedība Latvijas mobilo telekomunikāciju tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Lubgāne, Kristīne

    2008-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir Patērētāju uzvedība Latvijas mobilo telekomunikāciju tirgū. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt patērētāju uzvedību, izvēloties mobilo sakaru operatoru. Izstrādātais bakalaura darbs sastāv no četrām nodaļām un divpadsmit apakšnodaļām. Darba apjoms ir 67 lapaspuses. Bakalaura darbā ir iekļauti 17 attēli un 4 tabulas. Pirmajā nodaļā tiks aprakstīts patērētāju uzvedības modelis un lēmums par pirkuma pieņemšanas procesu. Otrajā nodaļā tiks raksturota mobilo sakaru...

  6. Heavy duty complete extension slides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno, José Ignacio; Vázquez, Javier

    2001-09-01

    The selection from available commercial market of a set of slides to be used in an habitable pressurised module in space, to draw a 660 mm box out of a rack, up to a completely extracted position in a safely supported configuration, seems in principle not to be a complicated task. That was the first approach taken in the design process of the telescopic guides of the Crew Work Bench (CWB) included in the Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL), part of "ESA Microgravity Facilities for Columbus" within the Columbus Orbital Facility (COF) of the International Space Station (ISS). Nevertheless, common space compatible requirements such as materials, specific environmental loads, available envelope, total weight, etc., can make the selection of telescopic slides from commercial market unfeasible. A specific development to design space compatible telescopic slides for the CWB was undertaken. A set of heavy duty space compatible telescopic slides were designed, manufactured and tested. They should be operative in both, 1-g environment and in orbit, and additionally should withstand an inadvertent astronaut kick or bump of 556 N in any direction.

  7. Fitness for duty in the nuclear power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durbin, N.; Moore, C.; Grant, T.; Fleming, T.; Hunt, P.; Martin, R.; Murphy, S.; Hauth, J.; Wilson, R.; Bittner, A.; Bramwell, A.; Macaulay, J.; Olson, J.; Terrill, E.; Toquam, J. (Battelle Human Affairs Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States))

    1991-09-01

    This report presents an overview of the NRC licensees' implementation of the FFD program during the first full year of the program's operation and provides new information on a variety of FFD technical issues. The purpose of this document is to contribute to appropriate changes to the rule, to the inspection process, and to other NRC activities. It describes the characteristics of licensee programs, discusses the results of NRC inspections, updates technical information covered in previous reports, and identifies lessons learned during the first year. Overall, the experience of the first full year of licensees' FFD program operations indicates that licensees have functioning fitness for duty programs devoted to the NRC rule's performance objectives of achieving drug-free workplaces in which nuclear power plant personnel are not impaired as they perform their duties. 96 refs., 14 tabs.

  8. 7 CFR 1210.328 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan National Watermelon Promotion Board § 1210.328 Duties....

  9. 7 CFR 1207.328 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POTATO RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Potato Research and Promotion Plan National Potato Promotion Board § 1207.328 Duties. The Board...

  10. Ethics, pandemics, and the duty to treat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malm, Heidi; May, Thomas; Francis, Leslie P; Omer, Saad B; Salmon, Daniel A; Hood, Robert

    2008-08-01

    Numerous grounds have been offered for the view that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, including expressed consent, implied consent, special training, reciprocity (also called the social contract view), and professional oaths and codes. Quite often, however, these grounds are simply asserted without being adequately defended or without the defenses being critically evaluated. This essay aims to help remedy that problem by providing a critical examination of the strengths and weaknesses of each of these five grounds for asserting that healthcare workers have a duty to treat, especially as that duty would arise in the context of an infectious disease pandemic. Ultimately, it argues that none of the defenses is currently sufficient to ground the kind of duty that would be needed in a pandemic. It concludes by sketching some practical recommendations in that regard.

  11. State duties of protection and fundamental rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Starck

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Duties of protection are duties of the state to protect certain legal interests of its citizens. They cover the interests of life, health, freedom and property and also protect some other interests and certain constitutionally recognised institutions. State duties of protection must be considered in connection with fundamental rights. The foundations of modern constitutionalism and attendant procedures are essential to develop guidelines for a constructive critique of the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court. This is done with reference to the recent history of France, Germany and England. The historical excursus reveals that a single theory underlies the variety of constitutional states. The development of the constitutional state gave rise to the significance of the preservation of freedom through the maintenance of law and the separation of powers. This has given rise to various legal devices, based also in part on experience with moderate rule and earlier theories of the imperium limitatum.A textual analysis of the German Basic Law is undertaken to determine whether and how the duties of protection are expressly created. Furthermore, the duties that have been discovered in the Basic Law by the Federal Constitutional Court are considered. These duties include the protection of human life and health, personal freedom, the right to autonomous development of one's personality, freedom of science, research and teaching, marriage and the family, children, mothers, professional freedom, property and the protection of German nationals against foreign states. Finally the justification of such duties and the constitutional control of the manner of protection are considered.In a final section a critique of relevant constitutional jurisprudence is undertaken. It is argued that claims to protection cannot be directly binding law. They presuppose legislation. If statutory protection is connected with infringements of third-party fundamental rights

  12. 19 CFR 10.43 - Duty-free status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... § 10.43 Duty-free status. (a) The port director may, at his discretion, require appropriate proof of... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Duty-free status. 10.43 Section 10.43 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE...

  13. 19 CFR 151.22 - Estimated duties on raw sugar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Estimated duties on raw sugar. 151.22 Section 151... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EXAMINATION, SAMPLING, AND TESTING OF MERCHANDISE Sugars, Sirups, and Molasses § 151.22 Estimated duties on raw sugar. Estimated duties shall be taken on raw sugar, as defined...

  14. 19 CFR 12.62 - Enforcement; duties of Customs officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Enforcement; duties of Customs officers. 12.62 Section 12.62 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...; duties of Customs officers. (a) In accordance with the authority contained in sections 10 and 12 of...

  15. Towards a Duty of Care for Biodiversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earl, G.; Curtis, A.; Allan, C.

    2010-04-01

    The decline in biodiversity is a worldwide phenomenon, with current rates of species extinction more dramatic than any previously recorded. Habitat loss has been identified as the major cause of biodiversity decline. In this article we suggest that a statutory duty of care would complement the current mix of policy options for biodiversity conservation. Obstacles hindering the introduction of a statutory duty of care include linguistic ambiguity about the terms ‘duty of care’ and ‘stewardship’ and how they are applied in a natural resource management context, and the absence of a mechanism to guide its implementation. Drawing on international literature and key informant interviews we have articulated characteristics of duty of care to reduce linguistic ambiguity, and developed a framework for implementing a duty of care for biodiversity at the regional scale. The framework draws on key elements of the common law ‘duty of care’, the concepts of ‘taking reasonable care’ and ‘avoiding foreseeable harm’, in its logic. Core elements of the framework include desired outcomes for biodiversity, supported by current recommended practices. The focus on outcomes provides opportunities for the development of innovative management practices. The framework incorporates multiple pathways for the redress of non-compliance including tiered negative sanctions, and positive measures to encourage compliance. Importantly, the framework addresses the need for change and adaptation that is a necessary part of biodiversity management.

  16. Sensory descriptive quantitative analysis of unpasteurized and pasteurized juçara pulp (Euterpe edulis) during long-term storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Paula Porrelli Moreira; Casemiro, Renata Cristina; Zillo, Rafaela Rebessi; de Camargo, Adriano Costa; Prospero, Evanilda Teresinha Perissinotto; Spoto, Marta Helena Fillet

    2014-07-01

    This study evaluated the effect of pasteurization followed by storage under different conditions on the sensory attributes of frozen juçara pulp using quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA). Pasteurization of packed frozen pulp was performed by its immersion in stainless steel tank containing water (80°C) for 5 min, followed by storage under refrigerated and frozen conditions. A trained sensory panel evaluated the samples (6°C) on day 1, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90. Sensory attributes were separated as follows: appearance (foamy, heterogeneous, purple, brown, oily, and creamy), aroma (sweet and fermented), taste (astringent, bitter, and sweet), and texture (oily and consistent), and compared to a reference material. In general, unpasteurized frozen pulp showed the highest score for foamy appearance, and pasteurized samples showed highest scores to creamy appearance. Pasteurized samples remained stable regarding brown color development while unpasteurized counterparts presented increase. Color is an important attribute related to the product identity. All attributes related to taste and texture remained constant during storage for all samples. Pasteurization followed by storage under frozen conditions has shown to be the best conservation method as samples submitted to such process received the best sensory evaluation, described as foamy, slightly heterogeneous, slightly bitter, and slightly astringent.

  17. Integrated Toolset for WSN Application Planning, Development, Commissioning and Maintenance: The WSN-DPCM ARTEMIS-JU Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonopoulos, Christos; Asimogloy, Katerina; Chiti, Sarah; D'Onofrio, Luca; Gianfranceschi, Simone; He, Danping; Iodice, Antonio; Koubias, Stavros; Koulamas, Christos; Lavagno, Luciano; Lazarescu, Mihai T; Mujica, Gabriel; Papadopoulos, George; Portilla, Jorge; Redondo, Luis; Riccio, Daniele; Riesgo, Teresa; Rodriguez, Daniel; Ruello, Giuseppe; Samoladas, Vasilis; Stoyanova, Tsenka; Touliatos, Gerasimos; Valvo, Angela; Vlahoy, Georgia

    2016-06-02

    In this article we present the main results obtained in the ARTEMIS-JU WSN-DPCM project between October 2011 and September 2015. The first objective of the project was the development of an integrated toolset for Wireless sensor networks (WSN) application planning, development, commissioning and maintenance, which aims to support application domain experts, with limited WSN expertise, to efficiently develop WSN applications from planning to lifetime maintenance. The toolset is made of three main tools: one for planning, one for application development and simulation (which can include hardware nodes), and one for network commissioning and lifetime maintenance. The tools are integrated in a single platform which promotes software reuse by automatically selecting suitable library components for application synthesis and the abstraction of the underlying architecture through the use of a middleware layer. The second objective of the project was to test the effectiveness of the toolset for the development of two case studies in different domains, one for detecting the occupancy state of parking lots and one for monitoring air concentration of harmful gasses near an industrial site.

  18. Optical Properties of (162173) 1999 JU3: In Preparation for the JAXA Hayabusa 2 Sample Return Mission

    CERN Document Server

    Ishiguro, Masateru; Hasegawa, Sunao; Kim, Myung-Jin; Choi, Young-Jun; Moskovitz, Nicholas; Abe, Shinsuke; Pan, Kang-Sian; Takahashi, Jun; Takagi, Yuhei; Arai, Akira; Tokimasa, Noritaka; Hsieh, Henry H; Thomas-Osip, Joanna E; Osip, David J; Abe, Masanao; Yoshikawa, Makoto; Urakawa, Seitaro; Hanayama, Hidekazu; Sekiguchi, Tomohiko; Wada, Kohei; Sumi, Takahiro; Tristram, Paul J; Furusawa, Kei; Abe, Fumio; Fukui, Akihiko; Nagayama, Takahiro; Warjurkar, Dhanraj S; Rau, Arne; Greiner, Jochen; Schady, Patricia; Knust, Fabian; Usui, Fumihiko; Mueller, Thomas G

    2014-01-01

    We investigated the magnitude-phase relation of (162173) 1999 JU3, a target asteroid for the JAXA Hayabusa 2 sample return mission. We initially employed the international Astronomical Union's H-G formalism but found that it fits less well using a single set of parameters. To improve the inadequate fit, we employed two photometric functions, the Shevchenko and Hapke functions. With the Shevchenko function, we found that the magnitude-phase relation exhibits linear behavior in a wide phase angle range (alpha = 5-75 deg) and shows weak nonlinear opposition brightening at alpha< 5 deg, providing a more reliable absolute magnitude of Hv = 19.25 +- 0.03. The phase slope (0.039 +- 0.001 mag/deg) and opposition effect amplitude (parameterized by the ratio of intensity at alpha=0.3 deg to that at alpha=5 deg, I(0.3)/I(5)=1.31+-0.05) are consistent with those of typical C-type asteroids. We also attempted to determine the parameters for the Hapke model, which are applicable for constructing the surface reflectance ...

  19. Segregación socioespacial y accesibilidad al empleo en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (2000-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César M. Fuentes Flores

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizó la relación espacial entre el índice de jerarquía socioespacial y el índice de accesibilidad a centros de empleo en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, mediante el análisis exploratorio de datos espaciales, en dos etapas; en la primera se construyeron los índices mencionados y en la segunda se revisó su relación espacial, a través del mismo análisis, en específico de la autocorrela ción espacial y el análisis con indicadores locales de asociación espacial. Para la construcción de los índices se usó información de los censos de población y vivienda y el económico por ageb. El análisis espacial se llevó a cabo mediante el software Geoda. Los resultados probaron la relación espacial entre la segregación residencial y la accesibilidad a los centros de empleo, así como la identificación de agrupamientos homogéneos de agebs con un alto o bajo índice de jerarquía socioespacial y accesibiliadad al empleo, que permiten identificar clusters de exclusión social.

  20. [Geospatial distribution and detection of dengue virus in Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti mosquitos in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Mora-Covarrubias, Antonio; Jiménez-Vega, Florinda; Treviño-Aguilar, Sandra Maritza

    2010-01-01

    To determine the distribution of Aedes aegypti in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico and evaluate it as a carrier of the dengue virus. Mosquitoes were collected using CDC minitraps. Nearest neighbor and K-function were used as geospatial tools. The chi-square test was utilized to evaluate the association between the presence of the vector and sociodemographic variables. Evidence of infection was detected by RT-PCR. A total of 122 female mosquitoes were captured. A tendency in the cluster distribution (R= -1.2995, p= 0.05) of the mosquito was shown up to 4000 m but none of the sociodemographic variables showed significant associations. Seven of the pools tested were positive for DEN-2, ten were positive for DEN- 3, and seven for both serotypes. This is the first report on the presence of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes infected with dengue in the region, which will enable the promotion of monitoring in order to reduce the probability of occurrence of the disease among the border population.

  1. Bolívar, Juárez y Guevara: apuntes sobre socialización e identidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro António Da Silva-Abrantes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de un análisis de las biografías de Bolívar, Juárez y Guevara, se discute la compleja relación entre socialización, identidad y cambio social, en los tiempos modernos. Tras un debate inicial sobre los usos y limitaciones del método biográfico, se busca comprender la vida de los tres personajes históricos, utilizando y buscando explorar algunas teorías sociológicas recientes. Se concluye que, en los tres casos, la integración desde temprana edad a distintos entornos sociales y, en particular, a procesos educativos múltiples resultantes de distintos movimientos político-pedagógicos, ocurrencias biográficas imprevistas e incluso a partir de cierta edad, de un trabajo consciente de los actores sobre sí mismos, permitió la formación de un habitus de fusión. Se argumenta que esta identidad peculiar personificó (y promovió la unificación de fuerzas sociales en conflicto.

  2. Identifying obstacles to return to duty in severely injured combat-related servicemembers with amputation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Richard K; Rivera, Jessica C; Wenke, Joseph C; Krueger, Chad A

    2015-01-01

    The capacity of servicemembers with amputation to return to duty after combat-related amputation and the associated disabilities remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the disabling conditions and return to duty rates of servicemembers with amputation across all service branches following major limb amputations from September 2001 through July 2011. Pertinent medical information, military occupation status, return to duty designation, disabling conditions, and disability ratings for each servicemember were obtained from the Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Office (PEBLO). Across all service branches, 16 (2%) servicemembers were found fit for duty (Fit) and allowed to continue with their preinjury occupation. Another 103 (11%) were allowed to continue on Active Duty (COAD) in a less physically demanding role. More than half (554, 56%) were determined fully disabled (PEBLO rating > 75); the average disability rating was 73. COAD and Fit Army servicemembers had lower Injury Severity Scores than other servicemembers (17.4, p = 0.009 and 11.2, p rehabilitation, only 13% of all servicemembers with amputation are able to return to Active Duty and many have multiple disabling conditions that contribute to a very high level of disability.

  3. Etnoecologia e etnobotânica da palmeira juçara (Euterpe edulis Martius em comunidades quilombolas do Vale do Ribeira, São Paulo Ethnoecology and ethnobotany of the juçara palm (Euterpe edulis Martius in "quilombola" communities of the Ribeira River Valley, São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Moreira Barroso

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available As comunidades quilombolas são consideradas comunidades negras rurais formadas por descendentes de africanos escravizados. No Vale do Ribeira, uma das regiões mais pobres do estado de São Paulo, estas comunidades vivem da agricultura de subsistência e principalmente da coleta do palmito juçara para complemento da renda familiar. A palmeira juçara possui importante papel ecológico e econômico para a Floresta Atlântica e para as comunidades rurais locais. O objetivo geral deste trabalho foi investigar aspectos etnoecológicos e etnobotânicos da palmeira juçara (Euterpe edulis Martius em comunidades quilombolas do Vale do Ribeira, SP. A investigação se deu em sete comunidades quilombolas através da aplicação de 25 entrevistas semi-estruturadas e da realização de uma oficina de identificação dos animais consumidores de frutos da palmeira. Também foram realizadas coletas e identificação de visitantes florais. Os quilombolas entrevistados demonstraram um detalhado conhecimento ecológico local sobre a palmeira juçara, principalmente a relação da biodiversidade animal associada à espécie. Neste trabalho a etnoecologia e a etnobotânica mostram-se ferramentas importantes no levantamento participativo do conhecimento ecológico local do E. edulis que pode ser considerado no manejo e na conservação da espécie na Floresta Atlântica."Quilombola" communities are distributed all over Brazil. They are composed of the descendents of African slaves. In the Ribeira River Valley, one of the poorest regions in São Paulo state, they practice subsistence agriculture and extract plant resources from the environment, especially the juçara palm (Euterpe edulis Martius, a species that contributes to "quilombola" income. The juçara palm has special ecological and economic importance for "quilombolas". The main aim of this study was to investigate ethnobotanical and ethnoecological aspects of the juçara palm in "quilombola" communities

  4. Duty periods with early start times restrict the amount of sleep obtained by short-haul airline pilots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Gregory D; Sargent, Charli; Darwent, David; Dawson, Drew

    2012-03-01

    Most of the research related to human fatigue in the aviation industry has focussed on long-haul pilots, but short-haul pilots also experience elevated levels of fatigue. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of early start times on the amount of sleep obtained prior to duty and on fatigue levels at the start of duty. Seventy short-haul pilots collected data regarding their duty schedule and sleep/wake behaviour for at least two weeks. Data were collected using self-report duty/sleep diaries and wrist activity monitors. Mixed-effects regression analyses were used to examine the effects of duty start time (04:00-10:00 h) on (i) the total amount of sleep obtained in the 12h prior to the start of duty and (ii) self-rated fatigue level at the start of duty. Both analyses indicated significant main effects of duty start time. In particular, the amount of sleep obtained in the 12h prior to duty was lowest for duty periods that commenced between 04:00 and 05:00 h (i.e. 5.4h), and greatest for duty periods that commenced between 09:00 and 10:00 h (i.e. 6.6h). These data indicate that approximately 15 min of sleep is lost for every hour that the start of duty is advanced prior to 09:00 h. In addition, self-rated fatigue at the start of duty was highest for duty periods that commenced between 04:00 and 05:00 h, and lowest for duty periods that commenced between 09:00 and 10:00 h. Airlines should implement a fatigue risk management system (FRMS) for short-haul pilots required to work early-morning shifts. One component of the FRMS should be focussed on the production of 'fatigue-friendly' rosters. A second component of the FRMS should be focussed on training pilots to optimise sleep opportunities, to identify circumstances where the likelihood of fatigue is elevated, and to manage the risks associated with fatigue-related impairment.

  5. Duty cycle control in reactive high-power impulse magnetron sputtering of hafnium and niobium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesan, R.; Treverrow, B.; Murdoch, B.; Xie, D.; Ross, A. E.; Partridge, J. G.; Falconer, I. S.; McCulloch, D. G.; McKenzie, D. R.; Bilek, M. M. M.

    2016-06-01

    Instabilities in reactive sputtering have technological consequences and have been attributed to the formation of a compound layer on the target surface (‘poisoning’). Here we demonstrate how the duty cycle of high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS) can be used to control the surface conditions of Hf and Nb targets. Variations in the time resolved target current characteristics as a function of duty cycle were attributed to gas rarefaction and to the degree of poisoning of the target surface. As the operation transitions from Ar driven sputtering to metal driven sputtering, the secondary electron emission changes and reduces the target current. The target surface transitions smoothly from a poisoned state at low duty cycles to a quasi-metallic state at high duty cycles. Appropriate selection of duty cycle increases the deposition rate, eliminates the need for active regulation of oxygen flow and enables stable reactive deposition of stoichiometric metal oxide films. A model is presented for the reactive HIPIMS process in which the target operates in a partially poisoned mode with different degrees of oxide layer distribution on its surface that depends on the duty cycle. Finally, we show that by tuning the pulse characteristics, the refractive indices of the metal oxides can be controlled without increasing the absorption coefficients, a result important for the fabrication of optical multilayer stacks.

  6. THE PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS, A RIGHT OR DUTY OF STATES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan GUNĂ

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The current article aims to establish if the peaceful settlement of conflicts is a duty of international law entities, which must generate a certain active attitude of cooperation, of looking for suitable solutions for international conflicts or, on the contrary, if it is a right whose exertion is left to the sovereign attitude of the states. Moreover, it will also be established which is the legal content of this duty or right of the states and which are the principles guiding the conduct of the states in this field. In the specialized literature, several opinions have been expressed, starting from the one that this duty does not exist, whether we speak of legal or political conflicts, continuing with opinions stating that this duty exists only when it comes to the conflicts referred to by article 33 of the U.N. Chart, namely those whose extension could endanger the peace keeping process and international security. Moreover, there have also been expressed opinions according to which this duty exists and has a general nature, concerning any type of conflict. In our opinion, the spirit of the UN Chart, the clear provisions of article 2 correlated with article 33, completed by several resolutions of the UN General Assembly adopted by mutual agreement, but also some provisions for this matter from the statutes of the main international organizations, establish a duty to settle conflicts peacefully.

  7. Duty-ratio of cooperative molecular motors

    CERN Document Server

    Dharan, Nadiv

    2012-01-01

    Molecular motors are found throughout the cells of the human body, and have many different and important roles. These micro-machines move along filament tracks, and have the ability to convert chemical energy into mechanical work that powers cellular motility. Different types of motors are characterized by different duty-ratios, which is the fraction of time that a motor is attached to its filament. In the case of myosin II - a non-processive molecular machine with a low duty ratio - cooperativity between several motors is essential to induce motion along its actin filament track. In this work we use statistical mechanical tools to calculate the duty ratio of cooperative molecular motors. The model suggests that the effective duty ratio of non-processive motors that work in cooperation is lower than the duty ratio of the individual motors. The origin of this effect is the elastic tension that develops in the filament which is relieved when motors detach from the track.

  8. Mujeres indígenas, gobierno y comunidad: El caso de mujeres tarahumaras en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Estela Pérez García

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La situación de las mujeres indígenas en Chihuahua se caracteriza por la marginación, pobreza y desigualdad. Por esta razón, algunos(as miembros de la etnia rarámuri obligados por las necesidades más elementales, emigran con sus familias a las principales ciudades de la entidad. En el caso específico de la comunidad indígena asentada en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, encontramos que son mujeres quienes dirigen las tareas de gobierno, rol tradicionalmente asignados a los hombres. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un acercamiento de la participación femenina en el gobierno de la colonia tarahumara, con el propósito de conocer cómo se genera esta participación, sus liderazgos y las formas de resolución de sus problemas al interior de la comunidad. Para este propósito se realizaron entrevista con representantes de la comunidad y sus dos gobernadoras, además de un grupo focal con la presidenta y un grupo de mujeres. Los resultados de esta investigación mostraron dos cuestiones significativas: la situación de extrema vulnerabilidad en que viven las indígenas en el entorno urbano y que el gobierno femenino usa estrategias apegadas al rol de género para mantener el orden, el liderazgo y mejorar la calidad de vida de su comunidad.

  9. Optical properties of (162173) 1999 JU3: in preparation for the JAXA Hayabusa 2 sample return mission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishiguro, Masateru [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Kuroda, Daisuke [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan); Hasegawa, Sunao; Abe, Masanao; Yoshikawa, Makoto [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Kim, Myung-Jin [Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Young-Jun [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Moskovitz, Nicholas [Lowell Observatory, 1400 W. Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Abe, Shinsuke [Department of Aerospace Engineering, Nihon University, 7-24-1 Narashinodai Funabashi, Chiba 274-8501 (Japan); Pan, Kang-Sian [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, 300 Jhongda Road, Jhongli, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan (China); Takahashi, Jun; Takagi, Yuhei; Arai, Akira [Nishi-Harima Astronomical Observatory, Center for Astronomy, University of Hyogo, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5313 (Japan); Tokimasa, Noritaka [Sayo Town Office, 2611-1 Sayo, Sayo-cho, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5380 (Japan); Hsieh, Henry H. [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Thomas-Osip, Joanna E.; Osip, David J. [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, Las Campanas Observatory, Colina El Pino, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile); Urakawa, Seitaro [Bisei Spaceguard Center, Japan Spaceguard Association, 1716-3 Okura, Bisei-cho, Ibara, Okayama 714-1411 (Japan); Hanayama, Hidekazu [Ishigakijima Astronomical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 1024-1 Arakawa, Ishigaki, Okinawa 907-0024 (Japan); Sekiguchi, Tomohiko [Department of Teacher Training, Hokkaido University of Education, 9 Hokumon, Asahikawa 070-8621 (Japan); and others

    2014-09-01

    We investigated the magnitude-phase relation of (162173) 1999 JU3, a target asteroid for the JAXA Hayabusa 2 sample return mission. We initially employed the International Astronomical Union's H-G formalism but found that it fits less well using a single set of parameters. To improve the inadequate fit, we employed two photometric functions: the Shevchenko and Hapke functions. With the Shevchenko function, we found that the magnitude-phase relation exhibits linear behavior in a wide phase angle range (α = 5°-75°) and shows weak nonlinear opposition brightening at α < 5°, providing a more reliable absolute magnitude of H {sub V} = 19.25 ± 0.03. The phase slope (0.039 ± 0.001 mag deg{sup –1}) and opposition effect amplitude (parameterized by the ratio of intensity at α = 0.°3 to that at α = 5°, I(0.°3)/I(5°) = 1.31 ± 0.05) are consistent with those of typical C-type asteroids. We also attempted to determine the parameters for the Hapke model, which are applicable for constructing the surface reflectance map with the Hayabusa 2 onboard cameras. Although we could not constrain the full set of Hapke parameters, we obtained possible values, w = 0.041, g = –0.38, B {sub 0} = 1.43, and h = 0.050, assuming a surface roughness parameter θ-bar = 20°. By combining our photometric study with a thermal model of the asteroid, we obtained a geometric albedo of p {sub v} = 0.047 ± 0.003, phase integral q = 0.32 ± 0.03, and Bond albedo A {sub B} = 0.014 ± 0.002, which are commensurate with the values for common C-type asteroids.

  10. La estructura espacial urbana y accesibilidad diferenciada a centros de empleo en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César M. Fuentes Flores

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Existen disparidades intraurbanas en los tiempos de traslado del viaje al trabajo en transporte público y privado, producto de una accesibilidad diferenciada a los centros de empleo en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua; el objetivo del artículo es explicarlas. La metodología empleada es el análisis espacial, además se elaboraron cuatro modelos de regresión simple estimados mediante la técnica de mínimos cuadrados ordinarios (MCO. Las variables se construyeron con información de la Encuesta de origen-destino de 1997, el XII Censo general de población y vivienda de 2000 y el XIII Censo económico de 1999, a nivel del área geográfica básica (AGEB. Los resultados de los modelos de regresión indican que el índice de accesibilidad, el balance entre empleos y viviendas, el valor del suelo y las variables aproximadas de uso del suelo (proporción de trabajadores en el sector secundario y terciario muestran efectos estadísticamente significativos al explicar diferencias en los tiempos de traslado al trabajo en transporte público. Así mismo, el índice de accesibilidad, valor del suelo y la proporción de trabajadores en el sector secundario incrementan dichos tiempos en transporte privado. Los resultados tienen implicaciones en términos de políticas de usos del suelo y planeación del transporte.

  11. Law enforcement duties and sudden cardiac death among police officers in United States: case distribution study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varvarigou, Vasileia; Farioli, Andrea; Korre, Maria; Sato, Sho; Dahabreh, Issa J; Kales, Stefanos N

    2014-11-18

    To assess the association between risk of sudden cardiac death and stressful law enforcement duties compared with routine/non-emergency duties. Case distribution study (case series with survey information on referent exposures). United States law enforcement. Summaries of deaths of over 4500 US police officers provided by the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund and the Officer Down Memorial Page from 1984 to 2010. Observed and expected sudden cardiac death counts and relative risks for sudden cardiac death events during specific strenuous duties versus routine/non-emergency activities. Independent estimates of the proportion of time that police officers spend across various law enforcement duties obtained from surveys of police chiefs and front line officers. Impact of varying exposure assessments, covariates, and missing cases in sensitivity and stability analyses. 441 sudden cardiac deaths were observed during the study period. Sudden cardiac death was associated with restraints/altercations (25%, n=108), physical training (20%, n=88), pursuits of suspects (12%, n=53), medical/rescue operations (8%, n=34), routine duties (23%, n=101), and other activities (11%, n=57). Compared with routine/non-emergency activities, the risk of sudden cardiac death was 34-69 times higher during restraints/altercations, 32-51 times higher during pursuits, 20-23 times higher during physical training, and 6-9 times higher during medical/rescue operations. Results were robust to all sensitivity and stability analyses. Stressful law enforcement duties are associated with a risk of sudden cardiac death that is markedly higher than the risk during routine/non-emergency duties. Restraints/altercations and pursuits are associated with the greatest risk. Our findings have public health implications and suggest that primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention efforts are needed among law enforcement officers. © Varvarigou et al 2014.

  12. Traditional Glue, Adhesive and Poison Used for Composite Weapons by Ju/'hoan San in Nyae Nyae, Namibia. Implications for the Evolution of Hunting Equipment in Prehistory.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyn Wadley

    Full Text Available Ju/'hoan hunters from Nyae Nyae, near Tsumkwe in Namibia, demonstrate the manufacture of three fixative pastes made from plant extracts, and poison made from grubs and plant extracts. Ammocharis coranica and Terminalia sericea produce simple glue. Ozoroa schinzii latex mixed with carbonized Aristeda adscensionis grass is a compound adhesive. Composite poison is made from Chrysomelid grub viscera mixed with salivary extracts of Acacia mellifera inner bark and the tuber sap of Asparagus exuvialis. In order to document potential variability in the chaîne opératoire, and to eliminate inherent biases associated with unique observations, we studied manufacturing processes in three separate Nyae Nyae villages. Although there are methodological similarities in the Nyae Nyae area, we observed a few differences in contemporary traditions of poison manufacture. For example, some hunters make powder from Asparagus exuvialis tuber sap by boiling, reducing, hardening and grinding it, while others simply use heated sap. The Ju/'hoan hunting kit provides insights for archaeologists, but we must exercise caution when looking for continuity between prehistoric and historical technical systems. Some traditions have been lost to modern hunters, while others are new. We should also expect variability in the Stone Age because of geographically restricted resources. Simple glue, compound adhesive, and poison recipes identified in the Stone Age have no modern equivalents. By about 60,000 years ago at Diepkloof, simple glue was used for hafting tools, but at similarly-aged Sibudu there are recipes that combine red ochre powder with plant and/or animal ingredients. At Border Cave, novel poisons and compound adhesives were used in the Early Later Stone Age. It is possible that the complexity that we record in the manufacture of fixative pastes and poison used by Ju/'hoan hunters represents a hafting system both similar to and different from that observed at the Stone

  13. Traditional Glue, Adhesive and Poison Used for Composite Weapons by Ju/’hoan San in Nyae Nyae, Namibia. Implications for the Evolution of Hunting Equipment in Prehistory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Ju/’hoan hunters from Nyae Nyae, near Tsumkwe in Namibia, demonstrate the manufacture of three fixative pastes made from plant extracts, and poison made from grubs and plant extracts. Ammocharis coranica and Terminalia sericea produce simple glue. Ozoroa schinzii latex mixed with carbonized Aristeda adscensionis grass is a compound adhesive. Composite poison is made from Chrysomelid grub viscera mixed with salivary extracts of Acacia mellifera inner bark and the tuber sap of Asparagus exuvialis. In order to document potential variability in the chaîne opératoire, and to eliminate inherent biases associated with unique observations, we studied manufacturing processes in three separate Nyae Nyae villages. Although there are methodological similarities in the Nyae Nyae area, we observed a few differences in contemporary traditions of poison manufacture. For example, some hunters make powder from Asparagus exuvialis tuber sap by boiling, reducing, hardening and grinding it, while others simply use heated sap. The Ju/’hoan hunting kit provides insights for archaeologists, but we must exercise caution when looking for continuity between prehistoric and historical technical systems. Some traditions have been lost to modern hunters, while others are new. We should also expect variability in the Stone Age because of geographically restricted resources. Simple glue, compound adhesive, and poison recipes identified in the Stone Age have no modern equivalents. By about 60,000 years ago at Diepkloof, simple glue was used for hafting tools, but at similarly-aged Sibudu there are recipes that combine red ochre powder with plant and/or animal ingredients. At Border Cave, novel poisons and compound adhesives were used in the Early Later Stone Age. It is possible that the complexity that we record in the manufacture of fixative pastes and poison used by Ju/’hoan hunters represents a hafting system both similar to and different from that observed at the Stone Age sites of

  14. Beetle and plant arrow poisons of the Ju|'hoan and Hai||om San peoples of Namibia (Insecta, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae; Plantae, Anacardiaceae, Apocynaceae, Burseraceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaboo, Caroline S; Biesele, Megan; Hitchcock, Robert K; Weeks, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    The use of archery to hunt appears relatively late in human history. It is poorly understood but the application of poisons to arrows to increase lethality must have occurred shortly after developing bow hunting methods; these early multi-stage transitions represent cognitive shifts in human evolution. This paper is a synthesis of widely-scattered literature in anthropology, entomology, and chemistry, dealing with San ("Bushmen") arrow poisons. The term San (or Khoisan) covers many indigenous groups using so-called 'click languages' in southern Africa. Beetles are used for arrow poison by at least eight San groups and one non-San group. Fieldwork and interviews with Ju|'hoan and Hai||om hunters in Namibia revealed major differences in the nature and preparation of arrow poisons, bow and arrow construction, and poison antidote. Ju|'hoan hunters use leaf-beetle larvae of Diamphidia Gerstaecker and Polyclada Chevrolat (Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini) collected from soil around the host plants Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl. and Commiphora angolensis Engl. (Burseracaeae). In the Nyae Nyae area of Namibia, Ju|'hoan hunters use larvae of Diamphidia nigroornata Ståhl. Larvae and adults live above-ground on the plants and eat leaves, but the San collect the underground cocoons to extract the mature larvae. Larval hemolymph is mixed with saliva and applied to arrows. Hai||om hunters boil the milky plant sap of Adenium bohemianum Schinz (Apocynaceae) to reduce it to a thick paste that is applied to their arrows. The socio-cultural, historical, and ecological contexts of the various San groups may determine differences in the sources and preparation of poisons, bow and arrow technology, hunting behaviors, poison potency, and perhaps antidotes.

  15. Beetle and plant arrow poisons of the Ju|’hoan and Hai||om San peoples of Namibia (Insecta, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae; Plantae, Anacardiaceae, Apocynaceae, Burseraceae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaboo, Caroline S.; Biesele, Megan; Hitchcock, Robert K.; Weeks, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The use of archery to hunt appears relatively late in human history. It is poorly understood but the application of poisons to arrows to increase lethality must have occurred shortly after developing bow hunting methods; these early multi-stage transitions represent cognitive shifts in human evolution. This paper is a synthesis of widely-scattered literature in anthropology, entomology, and chemistry, dealing with San (“Bushmen”) arrow poisons. The term San (or Khoisan) covers many indigenous groups using so-called ‘click languages’ in southern Africa. Beetles are used for arrow poison by at least eight San groups and one non-San group. Fieldwork and interviews with Ju|’hoan and Hai||om hunters in Namibia revealed major differences in the nature and preparation of arrow poisons, bow and arrow construction, and poison antidote. Ju|’hoan hunters use leaf-beetle larvae of Diamphidia Gerstaecker and Polyclada Chevrolat (Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini) collected from soil around the host plants Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl. and Commiphora angolensis Engl. (Burseracaeae). In the Nyae Nyae area of Namibia, Ju|’hoan hunters use larvae of Diamphidia nigroornata Ståhl. Larvae and adults live above-ground on the plants and eat leaves, but the San collect the underground cocoons to extract the mature larvae. Larval hemolymph is mixed with saliva and applied to arrows. Hai||om hunters boil the milky plant sap of Adenium bohemianum Schinz (Apocynaceae) to reduce it to a thick paste that is applied to their arrows. The socio-cultural, historical, and ecological contexts of the various San groups may determine differences in the sources and preparation of poisons, bow and arrow technology, hunting behaviors, poison potency, and perhaps antidotes. PMID:27006594

  16. Traditional Glue, Adhesive and Poison Used for Composite Weapons by Ju/'hoan San in Nyae Nyae, Namibia. Implications for the Evolution of Hunting Equipment in Prehistory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wadley, Lyn; Trower, Gary; Backwell, Lucinda; d'Errico, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    Ju/'hoan hunters from Nyae Nyae, near Tsumkwe in Namibia, demonstrate the manufacture of three fixative pastes made from plant extracts, and poison made from grubs and plant extracts. Ammocharis coranica and Terminalia sericea produce simple glue. Ozoroa schinzii latex mixed with carbonized Aristeda adscensionis grass is a compound adhesive. Composite poison is made from Chrysomelid grub viscera mixed with salivary extracts of Acacia mellifera inner bark and the tuber sap of Asparagus exuvialis. In order to document potential variability in the chaîne opératoire, and to eliminate inherent biases associated with unique observations, we studied manufacturing processes in three separate Nyae Nyae villages. Although there are methodological similarities in the Nyae Nyae area, we observed a few differences in contemporary traditions of poison manufacture. For example, some hunters make powder from Asparagus exuvialis tuber sap by boiling, reducing, hardening and grinding it, while others simply use heated sap. The Ju/'hoan hunting kit provides insights for archaeologists, but we must exercise caution when looking for continuity between prehistoric and historical technical systems. Some traditions have been lost to modern hunters, while others are new. We should also expect variability in the Stone Age because of geographically restricted resources. Simple glue, compound adhesive, and poison recipes identified in the Stone Age have no modern equivalents. By about 60,000 years ago at Diepkloof, simple glue was used for hafting tools, but at similarly-aged Sibudu there are recipes that combine red ochre powder with plant and/or animal ingredients. At Border Cave, novel poisons and compound adhesives were used in the Early Later Stone Age. It is possible that the complexity that we record in the manufacture of fixative pastes and poison used by Ju/'hoan hunters represents a hafting system both similar to and different from that observed at the Stone Age sites of Diepkloof

  17. Light duty utility arm walkdown report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smalley, J.L.

    1998-09-25

    This document is a report of the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) drawing walkdown. The purpose of this walkdown was to validate the essential configuration of the LDUA in preparation of deploying the equipment in a Hanford waste tank. The LDUA system has, over the course of its development, caused the generation of a considerable number of design drawings. The number of drawings is estimated to be well over 1,000. A large number consist of vendor type drawings, furnished by both Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and SPAR Aerospace Limited (SPAR). A smaller number, approximately 200, are H-6 type drawing sheets in the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) document control system. A preliminary inspection of the drawings showed that the physical configuration of the LDUA did not match the documented configuration. As a result of these findings, a scoping walkdown of 20 critical drawing sheets was performed to determine if a problem existed in configuration management of the LDUA system. The results of this activity showed that 18 of the 20 drawing sheets were found to contain errors or omissions of varying concern. Given this, Characterization Engineering determined that a walkdown of the drawings necessary and sufficient to enable safe operation and maintenance of the LDUA should be performed. A review team was assembled to perform a review of all of the drawings and determine the set which would need to be verified through an engineering walkdown. The team determined that approximately 150 H-6 type drawing sheets would need to be verified, 12 SPAR/PNNL drawing sheets would need to be verified and converted to H-6 drawings, and three to six new drawings would be created (see Appendix A). This report documents the results of that walkdown.

  18. PROMETNA VARNOST VOZNIKOV KOLES Z MOTORJEM IN MOTORNIH KOLES NA OBMOČJU POLICIJSKE UPRAVE CELJE V OBDOBJU 2000-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Aćimović, Mirjana

    2012-01-01

    Vsako leto se povečuje število voznikov koles z motorjem in motornih koles, ki postajajo vse bolj priljubljeno prevozno sredstvo med mladimi. Z rastjo števila enoslednih motornih vozil se povečuje tudi nevarnost za motoriste, ki so veliko ranljivejši od drugih udeležencev v cestnem prometu. Predmet obravnave diplomske naloge je prometna varnost voznikov koles z motorjem in motornih koles na območju policijske uprave Celje v obdobju 2000–2011. Na podlagi statistično pridobljenih podatkov smo...

  19. Entrevista a Nemesio Juárez: “en el cine revolucionario el héroe es el hombre común”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Clara Tosi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El cine y las declaraciones de Nemesio Juárez, presentan las particularidades de la producción cinematográfica de América Latina, de los años 60 y 70, cine comprometido y revolucionario. Nemesio, participó del Grupo de Cine Liberación que integraban Fernando “Pino” Solanas, Octavio Getino y Gerardo Vallejo; y fue uno de los realizadores que puso el cine al servicio de una organización sindical.

  20. Violencia en la ciudad, en el trabajo maquilador y la subjetividad de obreras y obreros en Ciudad Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio G. Sánchez Díaz; Patricia Ravelo Blanca; Javier Melgoza Valdivia

    2015-01-01

    Los autores observan la situación en Ciudad Juárez en los años de la gran violencia reciente en esa región (2008-2012), recuperan las condiciones históricas de violencia, como la estigmatización de los migrantes, las relaciones laborales en las maquiladoras de exportación, y los feminicidios. Actualizan toda esa situación adentrándose en el contexto urbano, observando el auge de la violencia en medio de la lucha por la conquista de la ciudad entre cárteles de la droga, al tiempo que se llevab...

  1. Subjetividades disidentes y el (des)dominio del biopoder paralegal: la producción sociocultural de los cuerpos en Ciudad Juárez, México

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Salazar Gutiérrez

    2014-01-01

    En el escenario de violencia en el contexto de Ciudad Juárez, se viene articulan - do la tensión entre el proyecto dominante de un biopoder paralegal caracterizado por tres factores: la presencia del narcotrá¿co, la nulidad biográ¿ca de todo aquel cargado con el estigma de amenazante, así como la precarización estructural y vital de la mayoría de los habitantes de esta ciudad fronteriza. Frente a ello, se encuentra el surgimiento incipiente de una biorresistencia caracterizada por la práctica...

  2. Propuesta de un sistema de tratamiento de aguas residuales a bajo costo para la localidad de Guelatao de Juárez, Oaxaca (México)

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Fernández, Inmaculada

    2008-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta una propuesta para el tratamiento de las aguas residuales en la localidad de Guelatao de Juárez, Oaxaca (México) basada en el uso de sistemas a bajo costo. El objetivo general del proyecto es instaurar una política de prevención primaria para la salud de dicha población de la localidad a partir de la mejora del tratamiento de sus aguas residuales, evitando así el riesgo de que se puedan producir brotes de enfermedades infecciosas y epidemias, además de disminuir...

  3. Seguridad urbana y vulnerabilidad social en Ciudad Juárez. Un modelo desde la perspectiva de análisis espacial

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Partiendo del concepto de “seguridad urbana”, introducido por un-Habitat en 2007 dentro de la agenda de Ciudades seguras, el presente trabajo propone analizar a Ciudad Juárez, urbe considerada entre las más inseguras y violentas del país y del mundo. Se presenta el desarrollo de un índice de seguridad urbana (isu) basado en un modelo multicriterio de análisis espacial que propone identificar y explicar cómo se manifiestan territorialmente las amenazas a la seguridad urbana y su relación con l...

  4. O juízo dos súditos na república Hobbesiana = The subjects’ discretion in the Hobbesian commonwealth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villanova, Marcelo Gross

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A discrição da presença do princípio de reciprocidade na formulação hobbesiana oblitera importantes dimensões na sua teoria. Entre estas, a necessidade intrínseca de que os súditos estejam instados a utilizar a sua capacidade de produzir juízos. Apresentam-se diversas circunstâncias que corroboram essa tese, o que mostra que a atividade de julgar não foi confiscada pelo soberano. Ao contrário, ela é mesmo necessária para o seu sistema

  5. Zavzetost zaposlenih na področju Dolenjske : diplomsko delo visokošolskega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Kovšca, Anja

    2014-01-01

    Povzetek– Zavzetost zaposlenih na področju Dolenjske Zavzetost zaposlenih pomeni združitev predanosti, pripadnosti in produktivnosti, ki je hkrati tudi pomemben element konkurenčnosti. V teoretičnem delu naloge je pojasnjena zavzetost zaposlenih, ki se dotakne tudi zadovoljstva zaposlenih. Razčlenjeni so tudi stopnja in dejavnike zavzetosti zaposlenih. Zaključimo z vlogo vodij pri doseganju zavzetosti zaposlenih. V empiričnem delu preverimo začetna raziskovalna vprašanja, ki so zasnovana...

  6. Prevalencia de asma y otras enfermedades alérgicas en niños escolares de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    OpenAIRE

    Barraza-Villarreal Albino; Sanín-Aguirre Luz Helena; Téllez-Rojo Martha María; Lacasaña-Navarro Marina; Romieu Isabelle

    2001-01-01

    Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia y severidad del asma, de la rinitis y del eczema en escolares. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal efectuado entre abril de 1998 y mayo de 1999 en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México, a una muestra aleatoria de 6 174 niños de 53 escuelas. Se aplicó la metodología propuesta por el International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) (etapas 1 y 2) para determinar la prevalencia y severidad del asma, rinitis y eczema. La información de prevalenci...

  7. Elaboración del duelo de una madre cuyo hijo trabajaba como sicario en Ciudad Juárez, Chih.

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalía Delgado Durán

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo es parte de una investigación cualitativa sobre el proceso de elaboración de duelo de la madre de un sicario en el contexto de una terapia Gestalt. Se utilizó para su análisis la perspectiva de las etapas del duelo de Kubler-Ross (2006:59-119). La exacerbación de la violencia generada en buena medida por pugnas entre grupos del crimen organizado en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (Martínez, 2008), ha dado como resultado una gran cantidad de muertes, una de ellas es el caso que no...

  8. Elaboración del duelo de una madre cuyo hijo trabajaba como sicario en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalía Delgado Durán

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo es parte de una investigación cualitativa sobre el proceso de ela - boración de duelo de la madre de un sicario en el contexto de una terapia Gestalt. Se utilizó para su análisis la perspectiva de las etapas del duelo de Kübler-Ross (2006:59- 119). La exacerbación de la violencia generada en buena medida por pugnas entre gru - pos del crimen organizado en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (Martínez, 2008), ha dado como resultado una gran cantidad de muertes, una de ellas es el caso...

  9. Maquiladoras de arneses automotrices: entre la producción de clase mundial y la precariedad laboral en Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Cecilia Miker Palafox

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This article show how the globalization process has impacted in the harness maquiladora industry in Ciudad Juárez and how job insecurity and world-class production can coexist in the production of automotive harness where two of the main local stakeholders (unions and the State are completely blurred and accomplices. The document is based mainly in the analysis of four cases of maquiladora plants producing automotive harnesses owned by world leading corporations, which concentrate over 90% of employment and harness production plants in the in the city.

  10. Comercio transfronterizo y su impacto en la región de El Paso-Ciudad Juárez: Una propuesta de financiamiento de la planeación binacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Peña

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el impacto del comercio transfronterizo en la región de El Paso-Ciudad Juárez, entendido como tal el valor de las compras que los consumidores mexicanos realizan en El Paso. Los resultados muestran que el monto de las ventas al menudeo en esta ciudad en el año 2000 excedieron en 33% los valores ajustados del modelo. Este último debe interpretarse como el efecto del comercio transfronterizo. Los impuestos generados por el comercio transfronterizo suman aproximadamente 125 millones de dólares y equivalen aproximadamente a los egresos brutos totales del municipio de Ciudad Juárez en el año 2000. El artículo pone de relieve la potencialidad que tendrían esos recursos para el financiamiento del desarrollo urbano binacional de El Paso y Ciudad Juárez

  11. Los imaginarios de la movilidad en Ciudad Juárez: El Caso de la discapacidad física / Imaginary mobility in Ciudad Juárez : The case of physical disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Leopoldo Moreno Murrieta

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ciudad Juarez, a border town in northern Chihuahua, presented in its urban structure, a series of sociological processes, urban, demographic, historical, economic, cultural order that make it an area of spatial and territorial interplay of contrasts in the configuration territorial of their human settlements and the construction of individual and collective interactions. The aim of this study is to identify the processes that occur in urban mobility actors whose physical conditions have a physical disability and their visions of inhabiting the city and indicators of adaptation to time the way we live and perceive, here through the building their meanings to display their experiences in relation to the imaginary place, both in their internal motions in the settlement where they live and the journeys made by the city. To do this, a methodological strategy based on analysis of the speeches and interviews obtained actors and their experiences in the areas where they generate their daily living, using observation and photographs as complementary resources in their relationship with imaginary is proposed. Ciudad Juárez, una localidad fronteriza del norte de chihuahua, presenta en su estructura urbana, una serie de procesos de orden sociológico, urbanístico, demográfica, histórica, económica, cultural que la convierten en un espacio de interacción espacial y territorial de contrastes en la configuración territorial de sus asentamientos humanos, y la construcción de interacciones individuales y colectivas. El objetivo de este estudio es identificar los procesos de movilidad urbana que presentan actores cuyas condiciones físicas presentan una discapacidad física y su visiones de habitar la ciudad y los indicadores de adaptación en cuando a la forma de vivir y percibir, aquí a través de la construcción de sus significados para visualizar sus experiencias en relación al imaginario del lugar, tanto en sus movimientos internos en el

  12. 7 CFR 982.39 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Hazelnut Control Board § 982.39 Duties. The Board shall have among others the... investigate the growing, shipping and marketing conditions with respect to hazelnuts, and assemble data...

  13. Duties of care on the Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijk, N.; van Engers, T.; Wiersma, C.; Jasserand, C.; Abel, W.

    2011-01-01

    Internet Service Providers currently find themselves in the spotlight, both in a national and international context, with regard to their relationship both with governments and other private parties, on for example questions of (civil) liability. The paper focuses on duties of care as concerns the r

  14. 38 CFR 3.6 - Duty periods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... from an injury incurred or aggravated in line of duty or from an acute myocardial infarction, a cardiac... manner in which the travel was performed; and the immediate cause of disability or death. Whenever any... means any of the following: (i) An acute myocardial infarction. (ii) A cardiac arrest. (iii)...

  15. NGO Duties in Relation to Human Rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Philips, J.P.M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/298979446

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the moral duties that human rights NGOs, such as Amnesty International, and development NGOs, such as Oxfam, have in relation to human rights – especially in relation to the human right to a decent standard of living. The mentioned NGOs are powerful new agents on the global

  16. Machine Tool Series. Duty Task List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This task list is intended for use in planning and/or evaluating a competency-based course to prepare machine tool, drill press, grinding machine, lathe, mill, and/or power saw operators. The listing is divided into six sections, with each one outlining the tasks required to perform the duties that have been identified for the given occupation.…

  17. Duties of care on the Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijk, N.; van Engers, T.; Wiersma, C.; Jasserand, C.; Abel, W.

    2011-01-01

    Internet Service Providers currently find themselves in the spotlight, both in a national and international context, with regard to their relationship both with governments and other private parties, on for example questions of (civil) liability. The paper focuses on duties of care as concerns the

  18. The Customs Adjusted Certain Import Duties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In order to adapt to market development, the General Administration of Customs recently has revised the “Classification Table for Imported Articles of the People's Republic of China” and “Duty-Paid Price List for Imported Articles of the People's Republic of China”, and the new standard was put into practice on April 15th, 2012. According to the Announcement No.15, 2012, of the General Administration of Customs, the rate of duty on imports of clothing, accessories, home textiles, and others whose duty paragraph is 04000000 is adjusted to 20%, and the leather clothing and its accessories (including all kinds of leather garments and leather accessories) of duty paragraph 05000000 see the adjustment to 10%. As for the former one, the clothing includes coat, trousers, underwear, shirt/T-shirt, and other clothing; accessories include hats, scarves, headcloth, neckerchief, ties, belts, gloves, socks, handkerchiefs and so on; home textiles refer to blankets, quilts, pillows, bedspreads, sleeping bags, screens, etc.; the others are towels, bath towels, tablecloths, curtains, and carpets.

  19. NGO Duties in Relation to Human Rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Philips, J.P.M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the moral duties that human rights NGOs, such as Amnesty International, and development NGOs, such as Oxfam, have in relation to human rights – especially in relation to the human right to a decent standard of living. The mentioned NGOs are powerful new agents on the global s

  20. 7 CFR 1215.30 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties. 1215.30 Section 1215.30 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... statements to be prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and to be audited by an...

  1. 7 CFR 1209.39 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties. 1209.39 Section 1209.39 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... statements to be prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and to be audited by an...

  2. 7 CFR 981.39 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... growing, shipping, and marketing conditions with respect to almonds and to assemble data in connection... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties. 981.39 Section 981.39 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements...

  3. 7 CFR 947.30 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and... duties of each such person; (e) To investigate, from time to time, and to assemble data on the growing, harvesting, shipping, and marketing conditions with respect to potatoes; (f) To keep minutes, books,...

  4. 7 CFR 958.25 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and... and define the duties of each such person; (e) To investigate from time to time and to assemble data on the growing, harvesting, shipping and marketing conditions with respect to onions and to engage...

  5. 7 CFR 993.36 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., and assemble data on the producing, handling, shipping, and marketing conditions relative to prunes... of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and... Regulating Handling Prune Marketing Committee § 993.36 Duties. The committee shall have, among others,...

  6. 7 CFR 925.29 - Duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... investigate and assemble data on the growing, handling, and marketing conditions with respect to grapes; (i... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties. 925.29 Section 925.29 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements...

  7. Light duty utility arm startup plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barnes, G.A.

    1998-09-01

    This plan details the methods and procedures necessary to ensure a safe transition in the operation of the Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) System. The steps identified here outline the work scope and identify responsibilities to complete startup, and turnover of the LDUA to Characterization Project Operations (CPO).

  8. Precautionary rights and duties of states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trouwborst, A.

    2006-01-01

    This study concerns the definition and implementation of the precautionary principle under general, or customary, international law. A search for patterns and common denominators in state practice resulted in the following definitions of a right and a duty which states are deemed to have under

  9. Estimation of the TeV gamma-ray duty cycle of Mrk 421 with Milagro

    CERN Document Server

    Patricelli, B; Fraija, N; Marinelli, A

    2014-01-01

    The blazar Markarian 421 (Mrk 421) is one of the brightest sources in the extragalactic X-ray/TeV sky. It is also one of the fastest varying TeV $\\gamma$-ray sources, showing flaring activity on time scales as short as tens of minutes. To know the level of activity of this source, Tluczykont et al. (2007) calculated the fraction of time spent by Mrk 421 in flaring states with fluxes above 1 Crab at TeV energies (i.e., TeV - duty cycle). Here we present an alternative approach to calculate the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421 taking advantage of the continuous monitoring of the source by the Milagro observatory. Milagro was a water Cherenkov detector sensitive at energies between 100 GeV and 100 TeV. We present our estimation of the TeV - duty cycle and study its robustness.

  10. Evaluación del proyecto solución integral de residuos sólidos Cancún, en el Municipio de Benito Juárez, Quintana Roo, México

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Martínez, Oscar Fernando

    2016-01-01

    El manejo de los residuos en el municipio de Benito Juárez ha enfrentado durante diferentes periodos deficiencias que han repercutido en la salud pública de los pobladores, en la imagen urbana y en los recursos naturales. Como respuesta la administración del municipio de Benito Juárez 2011-2013, propuso como política pública la descentralización del manejo de residuos sólidos urbanos, donde se incluyeron estrategias para fomentar la prevención, valorización y tratamiento, además de las etapas...

  11. 18 CFR 701.77 - Director-duties and responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Director-duties and... ORGANIZATION Headquarters Organization § 701.77 Director—duties and responsibilities. The Director shall serve... their authorities; and facilitate the work of the Council and the Chairman. His duties...

  12. 78 FR 14166 - Clarification of Flight, Duty, and Rest Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Parts 117 and 121 Clarification of Flight, Duty, and Rest... published a final rule on January 4, 2012, that amends the existing flight, duty and rest regulations... questions about the new flight, duty, and rest rule. This is a response to those questions. FOR FURTHER...

  13. 7 CFR 1160.604 - Duties of the referendum agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Duties of the referendum agent. 1160.604 Section 1160... Procedure for Conduct of Referenda in Connection with a Fluid Milk Promotion Order § 1160.604 Duties of the referendum agent. The referendum agent, in addition to any other duties imposed by this subpart, shall: (a...

  14. 46 CFR 531.5 - Duty to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duty to file. 531.5 Section 531.5 Shipping FEDERAL... General Provisions § 531.5 Duty to file. (a) The duty under this part to file NSAs, amendments and notices.... (d) Registration—(1) Application. Authority to file or delegate the authority to file must...

  15. 46 CFR 530.5 - Duty to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duty to file. 530.5 Section 530.5 Shipping FEDERAL... Provisions § 530.5 Duty to file. (a) The duty under this part to file service contracts, amendments and... conditions as the parties may agree. (c) Registration—(1) Application. Authority to file or delegate...

  16. Hayabusa-2 mission target asteroid 162173 Ryugu (1999 JU3): Searching for the object's spin-axis orientation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, T. G.; Ďurech, J.; Ishiguro, M.; Mueller, M.; Krühler, T.; Yang, H.; Kim, M.-J.; O'Rourke, L.; Usui, F.; Kiss, C.; Altieri, B.; Carry, B.; Choi, Y.-J.; Delbo, M.; Emery, J. P.; Greiner, J.; Hasegawa, S.; Hora, J. L.; Knust, F.; Kuroda, D.; Osip, D.; Rau, A.; Rivkin, A.; Schady, P.; Thomas-Osip, J.; Trilling, D.; Urakawa, S.; Vilenius, E.; Weissman, P.; Zeidler, P.

    2017-03-01

    The JAXA Hayabusa-2 mission was approved in 2010 and launched on December 3, 2014. The spacecraft will arrive at the near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu (1999 JU3) in 2018 where it will perform a survey, land and obtainsurface material, then depart in December 2019 and return to Earth in December 2020. We observed Ryugu with the Herschel Space Observatory in April 2012 at far-infrared thermal wavelengths, supported by several ground-based observations to obtain optical lightcurves. We reanalysed previously published Subaru-COMICS and AKARI-IRC observations and merged them with a Spitzer-IRS data set. In addition, we used a large set of Spitzer-IRAC observations obtained in the period January to May, 2013. The data set includes two complete rotational lightcurves and a series of ten "point-and-shoot" observations, all at 3.6 and 4.5 μm. The almost spherical shape of the target together with the insufficient lightcurve quality forced us to combine radiometric and lightcurve inversion techniques in different ways to find the object's spin-axis orientation, its shape and to improve the quality of the key physical and thermal parameters. Handling thermal data in inversion techniques remains challenging: thermal inertia, roughness or local structures influence the temperature distribution on the surface. The constraints for size, spin or thermal properties therefore heavily depend on the wavelengths of the observations. We find that the solution which best matches our data sets leads to this C class asteroid having a retrograde rotation with a spin-axis orientation of (λ = 310°-340°; β = -40° ± 15°) in ecliptic coordinates, an effective diameter (of an equal-volume sphere) of 850 to 880 m, a geometric albedo of 0.044 to 0.050 and a thermal inertia in the range 150 to 300 J m-2 s-0.5 K-1. Based on estimated thermal conductivities of the top-layer surface in the range 0.1 to 0.6 W K-1 m-1, we calculated that the grain sizes are approximately equal to between 1 and 10

  17. Borders and Duties to the Displaced: Ethical Perspectives on the Refugee Protection System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Hollenbach

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay proposes some ethical perspectives that can help in the task of reassessing the structure of the global refugee protection system in light of the extraordinarily high levels of refugee movement and forced migration occurring today. It addresses two chief areas. First, it considers whether ethical duties reach beyond the borders that separate nation-states and the implications of such duties for the treatment of refugees and other displaced persons. Drawing on classical ethical perspectives found in secular moral thought and in several religious traditions, the essay argues that national borders have moral weight, but that grave violations of the rights of displaced persons can create responsibilities that are more stringent than duties to co-citizens of one’s own country. Second, the essay examines whether the duties to co-citizens or to displaced persons should take priority in various contexts. Negative duties that have particular urgency in the effort to shape a more adequate response to forced migrants are proposed, drawing upon classic criteria in the ethics and law of war. These include the avoidance of aggression, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and other violations of justice that often lead to mass displacement. Positive duties to come to the aid of the displaced are also developed in light of several standards: the needs of the displaced, the proximity and capability of the responder, whether the response is a last resort, and if the response can be carried out without disproportionate burden on the responder. These negative and positive duties are then drawn upon to argue for a significantly more active response to the needs of forced migrants by developed nations in the global north, by regional and global intergovernmental organizations, by secular and faith-based humanitarian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs, and by citizens at large.

  18. Convergencia tecnológica y nacimiento de las maquiladoras de tercera generación: el caso Delphi-Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Lara Rivero

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es el de explicar el nacimiento de un moderno, inédito centro de investigación y desarrollo de auto partes electrónicas: Delphi - Juárez . La pregunta básica que guía este trabajo es la siguiente: ¿cuáles son las implicaciones de la convergencia tecnológica electrónica / automotriz sobre el número, distribución espacial y jerárquica de los proveedores? Esta convergencia tecnológica viene a revalorizar las antiguas funciones eléctricas (y tanto a los viejos proveedores de partes eléctricas maduras como a los proveedores de arneses y a insertarlas en una nueva jerarquía tecnológica con interacciones más intensas entre proveedores de arneses, léase maquiladoras del sector auto partes electrónicos / eléctricos y las empresas propiamente automotrices. Resulta imprescindible leer la formación del centro de investigación y desarrollo Delphi Juárez desde la perspectiva de los procesos de convergencia, resolución de desequilibrios tecnológicos y coevolución tecnológica del campo electrónico y automotriz.

  19. Política social, protección social y programa empleo temporal: el caso Juárez, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Marcela Roqueme Ramírez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es un análisis del Programa Empleo Temporal (PET en Ciudad Juárez en el marco del concepto protección social. Para ello se indaga acerca de la política social en México como un intento de comprender hasta qué punto ha contribuido dicho programa a esta alternativa de desarrollo. En este sentido, la revisión bibliográfica se empleó como una herramienta documental y metodológica que permitió conocer otras experiencias en América Latina para situar que la problemática del desempleo y la protección constituyen aún un desafío. Ciudad Juárez no es la excepción. La indagación del PET conduce a proponer que, aunque sus efectos sean positivos temporalmente, los resultados obtenidos son limitados ya que las políticas de acción están encaminadas a solventar en su mayoría contingencias y no una sustentabilidad a mediano y largo plazo. Finalmente, se propone la creación de un índice para monitorear y evaluar el impacto del PET en términos de cobertura, del perfil de los beneficiarios y de los ingresos generados entre los beneficiados.

  20. Određivanje poligona vidljivosti kao čimbenika vrednovanja nekretnina u urbanom području na osnovi vektorskog 3D modela prostora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje Tomić

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Učinkovito upravljanje prostornim resursima jedan je od glavnih čimbenika zdravoga gospodarskog rasta regije. Tehnološki napredak omogućava integraciju atributa vezanih uz prostor, stvarajući prostornu informacijsku podršku koja može servisirati sve kompleksnije društvene zajednice. Važna je komponenta tih sustava masovno vrednovanje nekretnina, posebice u urbanim područjima. U radu je, nakon objašnjenja modeliranja podataka te pohrane 3D modela prostora testnog područja u prostornu bazu podataka, opisan postupak računanja vidljivosti kao čimbenika vrednovanja nekretnina na području dijela grada Zagreba. Vidljivost je u radu predstavljena poligonom vidljivosti, dvodimenzionalnim geometrijskim likom, dobivenim presijecanjem neprekinute granice vidljivosti u svim smjerovima iz težišta objekta, uzimajući u obzir presjek horizontalne vizure i prepreka. Svakoj pojedinoj građevini na cijelom testnom području pridružen je pripadajući poligon vidljivosti, a pretpostavlja se kako je površinu tog poligona moguće korelirati s pozitivnim, odnosno negativnim utjecajem na vrijednost nekretnine. Obavljena su mjerenja brzine izvođenja funkcije računanja vidljivosti u testnom sustavu.

  1. Smoking practices, risk perception of smoking, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure among 6th-grade students in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Yelena; Moraros, John; Olsen, Larry K; Forster-Cox, Sue; Staines-Orozco, Hugo; Buckingham, Robert W

    2007-02-01

    This study assessed the smoking practices, risk perception of smoking, and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure among adolescents in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. We used a cross-sectional method to examine the smoking practices, risk perception of smoking, and ETS exposure of 6th-grade students (N=506), aged 11-13 years, attending six randomly selected middle schools. Schools were classified by school setting (i.e., public vs. private) and socioeconomic status (SES; i.e., low, middle, or high). The results indicated that 6th-grade students attending a public, low-SES school setting in Ciudad Juárez not only exhibited significantly higher rates of ETS exposure at home and in public places (p<.01) but also were more likely to have tried smoking (p<.01) and to be current smokers (p<.01), and were less likely to support a ban on smoking in public places (p<.01), compared with students who attended a private school or a public, middle- or high-SES school setting. These results provide further evidence that public health interventions to prevent initiation of smoking and to assist in smoking cessation among adolescents and to reduce their ETS exposure at home and in public need to target all school-aged students, especially those attending school in a low-SES settings.

  2. Los cambios en la estructura intraurbana de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, de monocéntrica a multicéntrica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César M. Flores Fuentes

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como objetivo analizar los cambios en la estructura intraurbana de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, durante el periodo 1989-1993. Para ello se usaron los censos económicos de comercio y servicios de 1989 y 1994, el censo de población de 1990 y el conteo de población de1995, ambos a nivel de AGEB. Lo anterior fue posible mediante la construcción del índice de centralidad. En 1989 la estructura intraurbana de Ciudad Juárez mostró la presencia de dos centros principales. Dichos centros, aunque con la misma jerarquía urbana, tienen distintas funciones, como resultado de contar con ramas económicas que tienen diferentes áreas de mercado, desigual densidad poblacional y distinta capacidad de compra de sus principales consumidores. Para 1994 la ciudad siguió teniendo esos dos centros principales, aunque se crearon tres nuevos subcentros que se localizan fuera de las tradicionales áreas centrales, en zonas de fácil acceso y buena infraestructura. En este contexto, la estructura intraurbana se encuentra en proceso de convertirse de monocéntrica en multicéntrica

  3. Desenvolvimento de um Iogurte Sabor Juçaí (Euterpe edulis Martius: Avaliação Físico-química e Sensorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gislaine Natiele dos Santos Costa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A busca constante por melhorias na qualidade de vida, saúde e bemestar dos consumidores tem levado ao desenvolvimento de novos produtos. Devido a esta influência o leite e seus derivados considerados como alimentos funcionais vêm apresentando um aumento significativo no consumo. Este trabalho apresenta o processo de desenvolvimento de um iogurte sabor juçaí, fruto da palmeira juçara (Euterpe edulis Martius. Rico em nutrientes como ferro e potássio. Este fruto é similar ao açaí fruto da palmeira Euterpe oleracea Martius, porém apresenta, segundo a literatura, maior teor de antocianinas. As antocianinas possuem alto poder antioxidante e inibem a ação de radicais livres nas células diminuindo seus efeitos ao organismo humano. No desenvolvimento do produto foram preparadas formulações contendo, respectivamente, 3%, 5% e 7% da polpa da fruta visando adquirir além de funcionalidade, melhor consistência e sabor para o produto. A aceitabilidade do produto foi avaliada por meio de análise sensorial.

  4. Patērētāju apmierinātība Latvijas tūrisma tirgū

    OpenAIRE

    Ilze Medne

    2012-01-01

    Anotācija Promocijas darba mērķis ir izpētīt tūristu kā patērētāju apmierinātības līmeni ar dažādām tūrisma produkta pazīmēm un tā ietekmi uz tūrista turpmāko patērētājuzvedību Latvijas tūrisma tirgū. Promocijas darbā ir apskatīti patērētāju apmierinātības teorētiskie aspekti, apmierinātības/ neapmierinātības izpausmes patērētājuzvedībā, kā arī svarīgākās klientu apmierinātības novērtēšanas metodes. Ir izveidots jauns tūristu apmierinātības daudzfaktoru modelis tūrisma vietām, ietverot ...

  5. Mācīšanās motivācijas pilnveidošanās skolotāju studiju programmā

    OpenAIRE

    Onosova, Anna

    2016-01-01

    Maģistra darba „Mācīšanās motivācijas pilnveidošanās skolotāju studiju programmā” aktualitāti nosaka skolotājs kā galvenā 21. gadsimta atslēgas vārds. Autore aplūko pārmaiņas izglītībā, līdz ar kurām jāmainās arī mūsdienu skolai un skolotājam. Maģistra darbs sastāv no 3 nodaļām un 6 pielikumiem. Darba izstrādē analizēti 49 literatūras un citi avoti par motivāciju, vajadzībām, mācīšanās motivāciju, pārmaiņām izglītības sistēmā un piedāvātajām skolotāju studiju programmām. Darba mērķis ir izpēt...

  6. Application of foam column as green technology for concentration of saponins from sisal (Agave sisalana and Juá (Ziziphus joazeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. D. Ribeiro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Saponins, molecules classified as triterpenic or steroidal glycosides, are metabolites distributed in all the plant kingdom that can be used for the production of foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, as well as in soil bioremediation. Saponins are normally extracted from natural resources with water, ethanol and/or methanol, and then concentrated by liquid-liquid partitioning with n-butanol. An alternative concentration method is with a foam column, by which the saponins can be concentrated via preferential adsorption at a gas-liquid interface. Therefore, the objective of this work was the use of a foam column for the concentration of saponins from juá and sisal, evaluating parameters such as: initial working volume in the column, saponin concentration in the extracts from juá and sisal, air flow rate, pH, Raschig rings loading and operation time. When a gradient air flow rate and 25 g of Raschig rings were used, 82.6% of the jua saponins loaded onto the system were recovered in a 3.46-fold concentrated solution after 9 h of operation. Regarding sisal saponins, a concentration factor of 1.98 was observed with 90.5% of saponin recovery during 4.5 h of operation.

  7. Ūdens skaitītāju rādījumu pārvaldības sistēma

    OpenAIRE

    Pinčuka, Elīna

    2016-01-01

    Pārvaldības sistēma “Ūdens skaitītāju rādījumu pārvaldības sistēma” ir publiska tiešsaistes sistēma, kas balstīta uz tīmekļa tehnoloģijām. Tā sniedz iespēju namu pārvaldniekiem ērtāk un pārskatāmāk pārvaldīt ūdens mērījumu datus, kā arī ļauj uzskatāmi vieglāk dzīvokļu iedzīvotājiem jeb īrniekiem iesniegt patērētā ūdens mērījumus. Projekts realizēts izmantojot Laravel 5.2 satvaru un Microsoft SQL Server datubāžu pārvaldības sistēmu. Sistēma sastāv no 6 moduļiem: namu apsaimniekotāja, objektu...

  8. Coletivos de trabalho, inserção e formação: o caso dos juízes do trabalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genilza Evaristo Machado

    Full Text Available O artigo propõe-se a refletir sobre os processos de inserção profissional e formação continuada de juízes do trabalho de um Tribunal localizado na Região Norte do Brasil, colocando em destaque, a partir da contribuição de algumas abordagens clínicas do trabalho, a função que os coletivos de trabalho podem desempenhar nesses processos. O artigo baseia-se em pesquisa qualitativa, da qual participaram treze juízes, por meio de entrevistas individuais semiestruturadas, examinadas pela técnica da análise de conteúdo temática. Os resultados evidenciam que a inserção na magistratura é marcada por dúvidas, receios, medos e inseguranças, e que sua formação continuada se vê prejudicada pelo aumento do volume de tarefas que consomem a jornada de trabalho, avançando em uma faixa do tempo extratrabalho. Tais dificuldades são enfrentadas na solidão ou, quando muito, com o apoio de um círculo muito restrito de pares. Sugere-se que as dificuldades seriam mais bem geridas caso os coletivos de trabalho se mostrassem mais receptivos.

  9. Globalizācijas procesu ietekme uz sociālā tīkla facebook.com lietotāju motivāciju

    OpenAIRE

    Krastiņa, Elīna

    2010-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir „Globalizācijas ietekme uz sociālā tīkla facebook.com lietotāju motivāciju”. Tā mērķis ir aplūkot globālo sociālo tīklu facebook.com kā globalizācijas izpausmju piemēru un izpētīt tā lietotāju motivāciju - vai un cik lielā mērā to ietekmē globalizācijas procesi un to izraisītās blakusparādības. Darba ietvaros apskatītas vairākas pieejas globalizācijas jēdziena skaidrojumam, kā arī apskatītas globalizācijas ietekmes un sekas – kultūras globalizācija, kosmopolītisms u. c...

  10. Women in Physics in Estonia: Many Duties, One Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaasik, Helle

    2009-04-01

    In Estonia, women and men have equal legal rights. Women are expected to earn their living like men—and unlike men, to be the main (often the only) caregiver for the children. In the family women do most of the unpaid work, spending twice the amount of time on household duties as men. Laws about public preschool child care and child support obligations for noncustodial parents exist, but these laws are not always realized in practice. A generous policy of benefits for children under 1.5 years provides some relief for mothers. It is a challenge to balance a woman's traditional load of unpaid duties with the high demands of a science career. As in many other countries, with every step up the academic ladder the underrepresentation of women in science becomes more evident. Physics and engineering are perceived as male areas and women active in these areas are often treated as exceptions. Most obstacles met by women in science are difficult to recognize and neutralize because they are deeply informal. Activities for "gender and science" that exceed the limits of sociological study have no long tradition here and are yet finding their place in Estonian society.

  11. Energy-Optimal Scheduling in Low Duty Cycle Sensor Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Aydin, Nursen; Ercetin, Ozgur

    2011-01-01

    Energy consumption of a wireless sensor node mainly depends on the amount of time the node spends in each of the high power active (e.g., transmit, receive) and low power sleep modes. It has been well established that in order to prolong node's lifetime the duty-cycle of the node should be low. However, low power sleep modes usually have low current draw but high energy cost while switching to the active mode with a higher current draw. In this work, we investigate a MaxWeightlike opportunistic sleep-active scheduling algorithm that takes into account time- varying channel and traffic conditions. We show that our algorithm is energy optimal in the sense that the proposed ESS algorithm can achieve an energy consumption which is arbitrarily close to the global minimum solution. Simulation studies are provided to confirm the theoretical results.

  12. Master plan nurse duty roster using the 0-1 goal programming technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Wan Rosmanira; Jenal, Ruzzakiah

    2013-04-01

    The scheduling of nurses is particularly challenging because of the nature of the work which is around the clock. In addition, inefficient duty roster can have an effect on the nurses well being as well as their job satisfaction. In nurse scheduling problem (NSP), nurses are generally allocated to periods of work over a specified time horizon. A typical length of the schedule varies from a few weeks to a month. The schedule will be consistently rebuilt after the specified time period and will result in a time-consuming task for the administrative staff involved. Moreover, the task becomes overwhelming when the staff needs to consider the previous duty rosters in order to maintain the quality of schedules. Therefore, this study suggests the development of a master plan for a nurse duty roster for approximately one year. The master plan starts with the development of a blue print for the nurse duty roster using a 0-1 goal programming technique. The appropriate working period for this blue print is formulated based on the number of night shifts and the number of required nurses for night shift per schedule. Subsequently, the blue print is repeated to complete the annual nurse duty roster. These newly developed procedures were then tested on several data sets. The test results found that the master plan has successfully distributed the annual workload evenly among nurses. In addition, the master plan allows nurses to arrange their career and social activities in advance.

  13. THE PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS, A RIGHT OR DUTY OF STATES?

    OpenAIRE

    Dan GUNĂ

    2016-01-01

    The current article aims to establish if the peaceful settlement of conflicts is a duty of international law entities, which must generate a certain active attitude of cooperation, of looking for suitable solutions for international conflicts or, on the contrary, if it is a right whose exertion is left to the sovereign attitude of the states. Moreover, it will also be established which is the legal content of this duty or right of the states and which are the principles guiding the conduct of...

  14. Electrofishing power requirements in relation to duty cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, L.E.; Dolan, C.R.

    2004-01-01

    Under controlled laboratory conditions we measured the electrical peak power required to immobilize (i.e., narcotize or tetanize) fish of various species and sizes with duty cycles (i.e., percentage of time a field is energized) ranging from 1.5% to 100%. Electrofishing effectiveness was closely associated with duty cycle. Duty cycles of 10-50% required the least peak power to immobilize fish; peak power requirements increased gradually above 50% duty cycle and sharply below 10%. Small duty cycles can increase field strength by making possible higher instantaneous peak voltages that allow the threshold power needed to immobilize fish to radiate farther away from the electrodes. Therefore, operating within the 10-50% range of duty cycles would allow a larger radius of immobilization action than operating with higher duty cycles. This 10-50% range of duty cycles also coincided with some of the highest margins of difference between the electrical power required to narcotize and that required to tetanize fish. This observation is worthy of note because proper use of duty cycle could help reduce the mortality associated with tetany documented by some authors. Although electrofishing with intermediate duty cycles can potentially increase effectiveness of electrofishing, our results suggest that immobilization response is not fully accounted for by duty cycle because of a potential interaction between pulse frequency and duration that requires further investigation.

  15. Estimation of the TeV gamma-ray duty cycle of Mrk 421 with the Milagro observatory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patricelli, B., E-mail: bpatricelli@astro.unam.mx [Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM, México D.F. 04510 (Mexico); González, M.M.; Fraija, N. [Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM, México D.F. 04510 (Mexico); Marinelli, A. [Instituto de Fisica, UNAM, México D.F. 04510 (Mexico)

    2014-04-01

    Markarian 421 (Mrk 421) is one the brightest and closest (z=0.031) blazars known (de Vaucouleurs et al., 1991 [1]). It is also one of the fastest varying TeV γ-ray sources, with a flaring activity on time scales as short as tens of minutes. The activity of Mrk 421 at different frequencies may reflect the radiation mechanisms involved. Tluczykont et al. (2007) [2] estimated the TeV activity of Mrk 421 through calculating the fraction of time spent in flaring states at TeV energies (TeV duty cycle) by using data from several imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). Since IACT observations are biased towards high flux states they overestimated the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421. Here we propose an alternative approach to calculate the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421 that takes advantage of the continuous monitoring of the source by the Milagro experiment, a water Cherenkov detector sensitive to primary γ-rays between 100 GeV and 100 TeV. We present our estimation of the TeV duty cycle and study its robustness. - Highlights: • A new approach has been proposed to calculate the TeV duty cycle of the blazar Mrk 421. • This approach take advantages of the continuous monitoring of the source by the Milagro experiment. • We present our estimation of the TeV duty cycle and study its robustness.

  16. Effect of duty-cycles on the air plasma gas-phase of dielectric barrier discharges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barni, R.; Biganzoli, I.; Dell'Orto, E. C.; Riccardi, C.

    2015-10-01

    An experimental investigation concerning the effects of a duty-cycle in the supply of a dielectric barrier discharge in atmospheric pressure air has been performed. Electrical characteristics of the discharge have been measured, focusing mainly on the statistical properties of the current filaments and on dielectric surface charging, both affected by the frequent repetition of breakdown imposed by the duty-cycle. Information on the gas-phase composition was gathered too. In particular, a strong enhancement in the ozone formation rate is observed when suitable long pauses separate the active discharge phases. A simulation of the chemical kinetics in the gas-phase, based on a simplified discharge modeling, is briefly described in order to shed light on the observed increase in ozone production. The effect of a duty-cycle on surface modification of polymeric films in order to increase their wettability has been investigated too.

  17. Transportation Energy Futures Series. Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement Beyond the Light-Duty-Vehicle Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vyas, A. D. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Patel, D. M. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Bertram, K. M. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2013-02-01

    Considerable research has focused on energy efficiency and fuel substitution options for light-duty vehicles, while much less attention has been given to medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, aircraft, marine vessels, trains, pipeline, and off-road equipment. This report brings together the salient findings from an extensive review of literature on future energy efficiency options for these non-light-duty modes. Projected activity increases to 2050 are combined with forecasts of overall fuel efficiency improvement potential to estimate the future total petroleum and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to current levels. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence related to transportation.

  18. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Potential for Energy Efficiency Improvement Beyond the Light-Duty-Vehicle Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vyas, A. D.; Patel, D. M.; Bertram, K. M.

    2013-03-01

    Considerable research has focused on energy efficiency and fuel substitution options for light-duty vehicles, while much less attention has been given to medium- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, aircraft, marine vessels, trains, pipeline, and off-road equipment. This report brings together the salient findings from an extensive review of literature on future energy efficiency options for these non-light-duty modes. Projected activity increases to 2050 are combined with forecasts of overall fuel efficiency improvement potential to estimate the future total petroleum and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to current levels. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence related to transportation.

  19. Exit and the duty to admit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patti Tamara Lenard

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Conventionally, it is presumed that while citizens have the right to exit the state in which they are located, no particular state (except a citizen's home state is required to admit them. Yet, this convention has produced, and continues to produce, injustice; to understand why, I focus on defining and protecting a right to exit, as distinct from the right to move in general. This analysis leads me to propose that whereas the political theoretic literature appears to have converged on a commitment to decisive asymmetry (in favor of accepting a state's right to exclude, I propose that only a weak asymmetry is justified. I argue that receiving states are duty-bound to act in ways that enable migrants to exercise their right to exit. In particular, I argue that receiving states have a perfect duty to collectivize the process by which needy migrants can exercise the right to exit.

  20. Ultraslow extraction with good duty factor

    CERN Document Server

    Cappi, R; Steinbach, C

    1980-01-01

    In the framework of antiproton physics at CERN, a new Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) is being designed. In the basic mode, it will serve as a beam stretcher giving spill times in the region of an hour. The spill phi (t) must, of course, have a good duty factor ( phi )/sup 2//( phi /sup 2/). A method employing 'stochastic extraction' has been studied theoretically and tried out at the CERN PS ( approximately 9 s flat top) where an extremely good duty factor has been achieved, showing that much longer spill times will be practicable. The pulse length can be varied within wide limits given by the ripple, the momentum acceptance and the intermodulation distortion of the amplifier chain for the noise power. In addition, another method has been found effective which uses empty buckets. These methods need no servo system and both can easily be applied to other synchrotrons. (6 refs).

  1. Duties and Responsibilities of the Campus Personnel Director: 1970 vs. 1977

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boxx, W. Randy; Howell, D. L.

    1978-01-01

    The findings of a recently completed study comparing the responsibilities and duties of personnel directors in 1970 with those in 1977 are reported. Personnel departments grew both in scope of function and staff size, and staff members now take a much more active role in academic as well as non-academic personnel matters due to federal regulations…

  2. Analysis of Fixed Duty Cycle Hysteretic Flyback Converter for Firing Set Applications.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Love, Thomas Michael [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-05-01

    This paper analyzes several performance aspects of the fixed-duty-cycle, hysteretic flyback converter topology typically used in firing sets. Topologies with and without active pulse-by-pulse current limiting are considered, and closed-form expressions in terms of basic operating parameters are derived.

  3. For a pedagogy of the duty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos FERNANDES MAIA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The author starts from some considerations about Froebel's and the New School pedagogy and tries to oppose to that orientation of rights the need of a perspective of the duty. This is the best ethical way to manifest the human fulfilment in the present and the possibility of future perfection. With the story "Natal" (Christmas, from Miguel Torga, the value of an ethic of initiative and sharing as the best way to achieve liberty is exemplified.

  4. Clinical negligence and duty of candour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shekar, Vinita; Singh, Mark; Shekar, Kishore; Brennan, Peter

    2011-12-01

    The Department of Health is considering imposing a legal duty of candour on health care providers to ensure that an apology and explanation are given to patients when errors occur during medical treatment. This aims to improve quality of care and reduce adverse events during medical treatment. We present the current system of clinical negligence and the future of medical ethics. We discuss relevant cases with regard to duty of candour, and highlight the existence of serious imbalances in which patients' rights and corresponding ethical duties of professionals predominate over the responsibilities of patients themselves. It is known that most adverse events arise because of multiple factors for which no individual should be blamed. To improve healthcare services there is a need for a system in which lessons can be learnt from mistakes, and services can be improved in the interest of patient safety, and for transparency in the broad principles on which the decisions are based within which clinical performance is supervised and monitored. Copyright © 2010 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Transparency, Trust and Security: An Evaluation of the Insurer's Precontractual Duties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daleen Millard

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Transparency in insurance law attaches to the rights and duties of the parties, the relationships between insurers, insurance intermediaries such as agents and brokers, insurance supervisory law and insurance dispute resolution procedures. Regarding the rights and duties of the insurer and the prospective policyholder, it requires insurers to disclose precontractual information in a timely manner that is clear, understandable, legible and unambiguous. Transparency as a value is incredibly important in insurance contracts. This contribution focuses exclusively on the insurer's duty of disclosure during precontractual negotiations. Although the insured's duty of disclosure has enjoyed more attention in the past, the duty clearly applies to the insurance proposer as well as the insurer. The purpose of this contribution is to evaluate the nature and extent of the insurer's transparency duties as informed by both common and statutory laws. The insurer's duty is derived primarily from the statutory rights of access to information in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa and the Promotion of Access to Information Act. It is furthermore supported by specific insurance consumer protection law found in the detailed provisions on mandatory disclosures in the Financial Advisory and Intermediary Services Act, the Long-term Insurance Act, the Short-term Insurance Act and, finally, the Policyholder Protection Rules issued in accordance with these acts. Strict rules on advertising can be found in the General Code of Conduct issued under the FAIS Act. The Act furthermore specifically targets the activities of insurance intermediaries in precontractual disclosures. The fact that insurance products and services have been exempted from the scope of the Consumer Protection Act from 28 February 2014 should not diminish the insured's right to rely on universal consumer protection principles as envisaged by South African

  6. On-Duty Nonfatal Injury that Lead to Work Absences Among Police Officers and Level of Perceived Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Christine; Fekedulegn, Desta; Andrew, Michael; Burchfiel, Cecil M; Harlow, Siobán; Bingham, C Raymond; McCullagh, Marjorie; Park, Sung Kyun; Violanti, John

    2017-08-14

    We examined prevalence, frequency, duration, and recency of injury leave and the association of duty-related injury with perceived stress in U.S. police officers. This cross-sectional study contained 422 active duty police officers from a mid-sized urban police department. For each participating officer, work history records were used to assess on-duty injuries that lead to work absences. Linear regression analyses were used for analyses. Most participants had experienced at least one injury (62%), and among those injured, 67% experienced more than one duty-related injury. The average number of injuries per officer was three (range 1 to 12). There was a significant linear trend in mean perceived stress across injury count even after adjusting for age, rank, and sex (P = 0.025). Findings suggest that work-related injury is common and repeated work-related injuries are psychologically distressing in U.S. police officers.

  7. Juízo e ação moral: desafios teóricos em psicologia Judgment and moral action: theoretic challenges in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Lemos de Souza

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta e discute a polêmica, no campo da psicologia moral, sobre as relações entre juízo e ação. Teorias de tradição racionalista e estruturalista, como as de Piaget e Kohlberg, afirmam uma relação de continuidade entre juízo e ação moral e, ao mesmo tempo, lançam pontos de discussão sobre a complexidade envolvida no tema. Por outro lado, novas frentes de trabalho sugerem a integração de outros elementos (a cultura, a afetividade e o self, além das estruturas que podem compor um referencial com o qual se evidenciem as relações entre os aspectos envolvidos nas condutas morais. Por fim, apesar das críticas acenarem com caminhos promissores na pesquisa sobre o juízo e a ação moral, ainda existem limites na construção de referenciais teóricos e metodológicos que articulem diferentes perspectivas de análise psicológica da moralidade.The attending article presents and discusses the debate within the cognitive constructivist theories, which have as main representatives Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. Such theories of rationalist and structuralist tradition maintain continuity between judgment and moral action and, at the same time, launch points of discussion on the complexity involved in the theme. New work fronts suggest the integration of other elements: culture, affectionateness, and the self, beyond the structures that may compound a referential that explains the relations between the aspects involved in moral behavior. Lastly, despite the criticism indicating a promising path in the search about judgment and moral action, considering its complex character, there are still limits in the making of the theoretical and methodological frameworks that articulate different perspectives of moral psychological analyses.

  8. Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Duty Cycles for Electric Powertrains

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly, Kenneth; Bennion, Kevin; Miller, Eric; Prohaska, Bob

    2016-03-02

    NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation group has extensive in-use vehicle data demonstrating the importance of understanding the vocational duty cycle for appropriate sizing of electric vehicle (EV) and power electronics components for medium- and heavy-duty EV applications. This presentation includes an overview of recent EV fleet evaluation projects that have valuable in-use data that can be leveraged for sub-system research, analysis, and validation. Peak power and power distribution data from in-field EVs are presented for four different vocations, including class 3 delivery vans, class 6 delivery trucks, class 8 transit buses, and class 8 port drayage trucks, demonstrating the impacts of duty cycle on performance requirements.

  9. A call of duty in hard times: Duty to vote and the Spanish Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Galais

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Although scarce, the literature addressing the effects of the economy on voter turnout and political attitudes has yielded mixed results. By using individual, longitudinal data from Spain—a country devastated by the Great Recession—our study illuminates how the latest economic crisis has impacted citizens’ perceptions of voting. We analyze how economic conditions and perceptions of the economy have transformed the belief that voting is a civic duty, which is one of the strongest attitudinal predictors of turnout. Our results suggest that hard times slightly weaken citizens’ sense of civic duty, particularly among the youngest. However, the adverse effects of the economic crisis are compensated by the positive effects of the electoral context, and as a consequence there is no aggregate decline in civic duty during the period examined (2010–2012.

  10. Diversidad del género Amanita en dos áreas con diferente condición silvícola en Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, México Diversity of the genus Amanita in two areas with different forestry management in Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Emmanuel Villanueva-Jiménez; Margarita Villegas-Ríos; Joaquín Cifuentes-Blanco; Hugo León-Avendaño

    2006-01-01

    Se estudió la diversidad de especies de Amanita presentes en dos áreas de bosque de Pinus-Quercus con diferente manejo silvícola en la comunidad de Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca. Las recolectas se realizaron durante una temporada de lluvias, obteniéndose un total de 107 ejemplares que corresponden a 36 especies, de las cuales 21 pertenecen al subgénero Amanita y 15 al subgénero Lepidella; 14 nuevos registros son para el estado de Oaxaca y 19 para la comunidad de Ixtlán en particular. La abundancia...

  11. Lokalne skupnosti in skupnostna skrb na področju duševnega zdravja: perspektiva upravnih subjektov, izvajalcev in uporabnikov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Zupančič

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available članek osvetljuje vlogo lokalne skupnosti pri razvoju skupnostne skrbi na področju duševnega zdravja, kot jo vidijo tri skupine deležnikov: občinski uslužbenci (uslužbenci lokalnih skupnosti/upravnih subjektov, izvajalci v mreži programov in storitev za duševno zdravje ter uporabniki teh storitev. Gre za presečno študijo primera zdravstvene regije Novo mesto s kombinacijo kvantitativnih in kvalitativnih metod, s cilji oceniti sedanje stanje skrbi in ugotoviti, ali obstajajo razlike v razumevanju vloge lokalnih skupnosti pri razvoju skupnostne skrbi za duševno zdravje. Ugotovitve raziskave nakazujejo nekatere priložnosti za izboljšanje procesov skupnostne skrbi.

  12. Subjetividades disidentes y el (desdominio del biopoder paralegal: la producción sociocultural de los cuerpos en Ciudad Juárez, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Salazar Gutiérrez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el escenario de violencia en el contexto de Ciudad Juárez, se viene articulan - do la tensión entre el proyecto dominante de un biopoder paralegal caracterizado por tres factores: la presencia del narcotrá¿co, la nulidad biográ¿ca de todo aquel cargado con el estigma de amenazante, así como la precarización estructural y vital de la mayoría de los habitantes de esta ciudad fronteriza. Frente a ello, se encuentra el surgimiento incipiente de una biorresistencia caracterizada por la práctica disidente de colectivos juveniles, que a partir de diversas estrategias buscan construir un proyecto alterno de reconocimiento.

  13. Between fear and differentiation. The current situation of gated communities within border towns such as Tijuana, Nogales and Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Ángel Enríquez Acosta

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the cities of Tijuana, Nogales and Ciudad Juárez, located in the northwestern border between Mexico and the United States, one of the more popular urbanization processes is the modality of closed divisions. These residential areas are characterized for being a physical space protected and separated from the city disturbances with bars and fences, and most of them present monitoring houses with access restrictions and private surveillance. The concept of closed divisions tends to expand in the urban landscape of the border cities without restrictions except for those established by the real estate market. Nevertheless, it's important to analyze the impact of closed divisions in the morphology of the cities, the urban sustentability of this developments and the social segregation they cause.

  14. La minería como factor de desarrollo en la Sierra Juárez de Oaxaca. Una valoración ética

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Enrique Fuente

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El gobierno mexicano ha justificado el otorgamiento de concesiones mineras en territorios indígenas como estrategia para promover el desarrollo. Esta acción –desplegada desde los postulados de la teoría del equilibrio general competitivo– evade incorporar los costos e implicaciones éticas y ambientales. Frente a estas limitantes, el artículo explora campos analíticos heterodoxos y una praxis concreta: la comunitaria de origen zapoteca de Capulálpam, en la Sierra de Juárez de Oaxaca, México, frente al proceso de otorgamiento de concesiones mineras en su territorio. Esta indagatoria pretende dimensionar territorial y políticamente el debate ético del desarrollo y la sustentabilidad.

  15. Identidad cultural, actitudes políticas y valores socioculturales en Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, Nuevo Laredo y San Luis Potosí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Lozano Rendón

    1990-05-01

    Full Text Available Mediante el uso de la base de datos que constituye la Encuesta Socioeconómica Anual de la Frontera 1987 (ESAF 87 de El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, el presente artículo discute las actividades políticas hacia Estados Unidos y ciertos valores familiares tradicionales de México en los encuestados de Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, Nuevo Laredo y San Luis Potosí.Mediante el análisis de las escalas de actitudes sobre el sistema capitalista, sobre los Estados Unidos y sobre las premisas socioculturales definidas por Rogelio Díaz Guerrero, como características de elementos de la cultura tradicional mexicana, se concluye que la clase social y el sexo constituyen variables más útiles para predecir la pérdida de identidad cultural que la proximidad geográfica con los Estados Unidos.

  16. Experience of ZOU Ju-sheng in Treatment of Dry Eye%邹菊生老师治疗干眼症经验总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董志国; 张殷建

    2011-01-01

    ZOU Ju-sheng teacher applied modern anatomy and traditional organs Classification to explore the etiology and pathogenesis of dry eye,and use of ophthalmic XuanFu theory, combined with LunZang relevant theories,using propaganda through the eye of the law of XuanFu to cure disease,available better effect.%邹菊生老师运用现代解剖与传统脏腑分属方式探寻干眼症的病因病机,并运用眼科玄府理论,结合轮脏相关学说,采用宣通眼部玄府之法论治本病,获得了较好疗效.

  17. Organización y promoción de las actividades artísticas en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 1945-1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Fuentes Flores

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la manera en que se ha organizado la promoción, el consumo, así como el nivel de institucionalización de las actividades artísticas en Ciudad Juárez durante el periodo 1945-1990. Asimismo, se reconstruye cómo y cuáles agentes sociales participaban en la promoción de las actividades artísticas y culturales, cuál era el esquema de promoción que seguían dichos grupos en cuanto al tipo de especialidades artísticas que organizaban, así como cuáles fueron los espacios físicos utilizados para el desarrollo de este tipo de actividades. En general la información utilizada es hemerográfica, del mismo modo se realizaron entrevistas con informantes claves

  18. Convergencia tecnológica y nacimiento de las maquiladoras de tercera generación: el caso Delphi-Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Arturo Lara Rivero

    2001-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es el de explicar el nacimiento de un moderno, inédito centro de investigación y desarrollo de auto partes electrónicas: Delphi - Juárez . La pregunta básica que guía este trabajo es la siguiente: ¿cuáles son las implicaciones de la convergencia tecnológica electrónica / automotriz sobre el número, distribución espacial y jerárquica de los proveedores? Esta convergencia tecnológica viene a revalorizar las antiguas funciones eléctricas (y tanto a los viejos proveedo...

  19. Duelos: Sobre 'Hombre de la esquina rosada' e 'Historia de Rosendo Juárez', de Jorge Luis Borges y 'Gaucho pobre', de Enrique Amorim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Rocca

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El núcleo temático y aun la estructura del primer cuento de Borges, finalmente titulado 'Hombre de la esquina rosada', fueron retomados por el uruguayo Enrique Amorim en 'Gaucho pobre'. Cada historia está dedicada por cada escritor al otro. En primer lugar, este artículo trabaja sobre las posibilidades de diálogo formal entre los dos cuentos y, luego, aborda otros planos -privilegiando lo ideológico y el problema del realismo- en que los autores se encuentran y se distancian. Asimismo, se observan las repercusiones posibles que ese cruce pudo tener en 'Historia de Rosendo Juárez', el contrapunto de Borges a su historia originaria

  20. Iedzīvotāju viedoklis par teledarba attīstības iespējām Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Vītola, A; Judrupa, I; Baltiņa, I; Ādamsone, L

    2013-01-01

    Laika posmā no 2012.gada 27.jūnija līdz 2012.gada 21.oktobrim INTERREG IVC projekta „MICROPOL – attālinātie darba centri ārpus metropoļu reģioniem” ietvaros Rīgas Tehniskās universitātes Tautsaimniecības un reģionālas ekonomikas institūts, sadarbojoties ar Limbažu un Balvu pašvaldībām, īstenoja aptauju, lai noskaidrotu iedzīvotāju viedokli par attālinātā darba izmantošanas iespējām, it īpaši novērtējot šādas darba formas attīstības iespējas Limbažu un Balvu novados....

  1. Duelos: Sobre 'Hombre de la esquina rosada' e 'Historia de Rosendo Juárez', de Jorge Luis Borges y 'Gaucho pobre', de Enrique Amorim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Rocca

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El núcleo temático y aun la estructura del primer cuento de Borges, finalmente titulado 'Hombre de la esquina rosada', fueron retomados por el uruguayo Enrique Amorim en 'Gaucho pobre'. Cada historia está dedicada por cada escritor al otro. En primer lugar, este artículo trabaja sobre las posibilidades de diálogo formal entre los dos cuentos y, luego, aborda otros planos -privilegiando lo ideológico y el problema del realismo- en que los autores se encuentran y se distancian. Asimismo, se observan las repercusiones posibles que ese cruce pudo tener en 'Historia de Rosendo Juárez', el contrapunto de Borges a su historia originaria

  2. Condiciones de trabajo en la industria maquiladora de tipo electrónico. El caso de Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Venegas Aguilera

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es un avance de la investigación emprendida en el año de 1981 realizada en torno a las condiciones de vida y de trabajo en la industria maquiladora. Para ello se eligió a Ciudad Juárez, que para 1982 contaba ya con 42,695 trabajadores en este tipo de industria. En primer lugar se presenta la importancia y características de esta industria, particularmente de tipo electrónico, y dentro de este marco referencial se aborda el análisis de las condiciones laborales de las trabajadoras de esta rama industrial que representaban el 67% del total de trabajadores de maquiladoras de esa ciudad fronteriza. La fuente de información proviene de una encuesta aplicada en 28 empresas, el 57% de las existentes y alrededor de 162 obreras.

  3. Relationships Between Physical Fitness, Demands of Flight Duty, and Musculoskeletal Symptoms Among Military Pilots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rintala, Harri; Häkkinen, Arja; Siitonen, Simo; Kyröläinen, Heikki

    2015-12-01

    Although the mechanisms of G-induced stresses on the spinal structure of military pilots are well understood, less is known about relationships between the intensity of physical activity, fitness, occupational musculoskeletal symptoms, and the degree of resulting disabilities. During an aeromedical examination, Finnish military pilots answered a questionnaire on their flying experience, the occurrence of flight duty-related pain, the degree of resulting disabilities, and the intensity of physical activity they conducted. 195 males were selected for further analysis. They were divided into three groups, designated high G, low G, and HQ, according to their current flight duty profile. 93% of pilots who had passed fighter lead-in training reported flight duty-induced musculoskeletal disorders. The high-G group exhibited the highest aerobic capacity (p fitness scores (p fit counterparts (p = 0.005). Flight hour accumulation among the subjects in the high-G group was associated (p = 0.010) with the occurrence of flight duty-induced disabilities. The fittest pilots flew aircraft that induce the heaviest accelerations. They also reported more musculoskeletal pain than the other pilots. Yet they seemed to experience fewer disabilities, which highlights the importance of physical training in the maintenance of operational readiness.

  4. Effect of pulse duty cycle on Inconel 718 laser welds

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCay, M. H.; McCay, T. D.; Dahotre, N. B.; Sharp, C. M.; Sedghinasab, A.; Gopinathan, S.

    1989-01-01

    Crack sensitive Inconel 718 was laser pulse welded using a 3.0 kW CO2 laser. Weld shape, structure, and porosity were recorded as a function of the pulse duty cycle. Within the matrix studied, the welds were found to be optimized at a high (17 ms on, 7 ms off) duty cycle. These welds were superior in appearance and lack of porosity to both low duty cycle and CW welds.

  5. Antidumping duties, undertakings, and foreign direct investment in the EU.

    OpenAIRE

    Belderbos, René

    2004-01-01

    We study the effects of EU antidumping policy when foreign firms can ‘jump’ antidumping duties through foreign direct investment (FDI) in the EU. We show that duty jumping or duty pre-empting FDI occurs if the EU administration has broader objectives than protecting EU industry's profitability and if cost advantages of foreign firms are transferable abroad. The (expectation of) price undertakings reduces the incentives to engage in FDI and may even discourage FDI as long as products are not t...

  6. Legal consequences of the moral duty to report errors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jacqulyn Kay

    2003-09-01

    Increasingly, clinicians are under a moral duty to report errors to the patients who are injured by such errors. The sources of this duty are identified, and its probable impact on malpractice litigation and criminal law is discussed. The potential consequences of enforcing this new moral duty as a minimum in law are noted. One predicted consequence is that the trend will be accelerated toward government payment of compensation for errors. The effect of truth-telling on individuals is discussed.

  7. Social Duty and Her Function in Communication Strategy of Firm

    OpenAIRE

    TANASOIU Georgiana Lavinia; Enea, Constanta

    2008-01-01

    Social responsibility is not charity, it’s a duty. Today we see all major companies following social responsibility. Social duty is not only attention allotted consumers, customers and contractors, communions and environment, as well employees and implicit their family. In concept triple bottom line, social duty presume achievements of social level, financial plane and environment level and follow a positive impact on society and, in same time, financial achievements. Education is an area...

  8. How cognitive enhancement can change our duties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo eSantoni de Sio

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This theoretical paper draws the scientific community’s attention to how pharmacological cognitive enhancement may impact on society and law. Namely, if safe, reliable, and effective techniques to enhance mental performance are eventually developed, then this may under some circumstances impose new duties onto people in high-responsibility professions – e.g. surgeons or pilots – to use such substances to minimize risks of adverse outcomes or to increase the likelihood of good outcomes. By discussing this topic, we also hope to encourage scientists to bring their expertise to bear on this current public debate.

  9. The duty to consult and legal obligations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, A.W. [Lawson Lundell Lawson and MacIntosh, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    Aboriginal law in Canada has been evolving and industry is beginning to engage in the change. This presentation describes the legal aspects regarding Aboriginal rights and the duty to consult First Nations regarding treaty rights. The implications for First Nations and industry are described. Aboriginal peoples of Canada include the Indian, Inuit and Metis populations. Aboriginal titles exist, therefore they are constitutionally protected. The paper describes recent decisions regarding the Mikisew Cree First Nation versus Canada, the Taku River Tlinget versus Ringstad, and the Haida Nation versus British Columbia and Weyerhaeuser.

  10. The Disquietude of Duty Assuming Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Maureira Pacheco

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available For Kant, the moral duty is determined universally, that is, on account of its form, in the moral norm. However the moral norm is opposed to particularity, determined by what is not the norm itself, hence being the origin of singularity. The singularized norm is opposed, from experience, by its negation in individual cases. To assume Kant demands the reconciliation of the singular, manifested incases, with the universal. This article deals with this question, demonstrating, above all, the practical difficulties linked to the moral experience in its totality.

  11. Critical component wear in heavy duty engines

    CERN Document Server

    Lakshminarayanan, P A

    2011-01-01

    The critical parts of a heavy duty engine are theoretically designed for infinite life without mechanical fatigue failure. Yet the life of an engine is in reality determined by wear of the critical parts. Even if an engine is designed and built to have normal wear life, abnormal wear takes place either due to special working conditions or increased loading.  Understanding abnormal and normal wear enables the engineer to control the external conditions leading to premature wear, or to design the critical parts that have longer wear life and hence lower costs. The literature on wear phenomenon r

  12. The effects of police duty belt and seat design changes on lumbar spine posture, driver contact pressure and discomfort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, M W R; McKinnon, C D; Dickerson, C R; Callaghan, J P

    2013-01-01

    Police officers spend large amounts of time performing duties within a police cruiser and report a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems. This study evaluated the effects of driver seat and duty belt design on posture, pressure and discomfort. Ten male and 10 female university students attended two sessions involving simulated driving in a standard police seat (CV) and an active lumbar support (ALS) seat. Participants wore a full duty belt (FDB) or reduced duty belt (RDB) in each seat. Lumbar postures, driver-seat and driver-duty belt pressures and perceived discomfort were measured. Gender × Seat interactions were found for pelvic (p = 0.0001) and lumbar postures (p = 0.003). Females had more lumbar flexion than males and were more extended in the ALS seat (-9.8 ± 11.3°) than CV seat (-19.8 ± 9.6°). The FDB had greater seat pressure than the RDB (p < 0.0001), which corresponded to increased pelvis discomfort. This study supports the use of an ALS seat and RDB to reduce injury risk associated with prolonged sitting in police officers. Police officers report a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems to the lower back, associated with prolonged driving and further investigation is needed to reduce injury risk. This simulated driving study investigated seat and duty belt configuration on biomechanical measures and discomfort. Seat design had the greatest impact, regardless of gender and males benefited more from a reduced belt configuration.

  13. INVESTIGACIONES ARQUEOLÓGICAS EN EL FORTÍN PESCADO, PARTIDO DE BENITO JUÁREZ, PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES / Archaelogical research at Fortin Pescado, Benito Juárez county, Buenos Aires province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanesa Natalia Bagaloni

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan los primeros resultados del estudio de los materiales recuperados en la localidad arqueológica Fortín Pescado, ubicada sobre la margen izquierda del arroyo Pescado Castigado, en el partido de Benito Juárez (provincia de Buenos Aires. Esta localidad se compone de dos sitios arqueológicos (Fortín Pescado 1 y Fortín Pescado 2 donde se efectuaron excavaciones y recolecciones en superficie y en el perfil de barrancas aledañas. El conjunto arqueológico de ambos sitios incluye restos faunísticos (mayormente animales domésticos, materiales vítreos (botellas cuadradas y cilíndricas, frascos, tarros y damajuanas, fragmentos de gres (botellas de ginebra y/o agua mineral, lozas (tazas y bowls ingleses, metales (clavos, botón, cuchilla y arma, ladrillos y un fragmento de bola de boleadora. Según diversos documentos escritos procedentes del Servicio Histórico del Ejército, del Archivo General de la Nación y del departamento de Geodesia, este fortín se instaló en 1858 y funcionó por lo menos hasta fines de 1863, cuando pasó a ser usado como posta militar hasta el fin de la década. A partir de las intervenciones arqueológicas y el relevamiento de las fuentes escritas se pudieron determinar áreas de actividades específicas (vivienda, descarte pautado y no pautado, corral dentro de esta localidad.  AbstractIn this paper the first results of the materials recovered at the Fortin Pescado archaeological locality are presented. This locality is situated on the left bank of Pescado Castigado stream (Benito Juárez County, Buenos Aires Province. It is composed by two sites (Fortin Pescado 1 and Fortin Pescado 2 where excavations and surface surveys were developed. Surface surveys were also conducted on the profiles of the surrounding canyons. The archaeological assemblages of both sites include faunal remains (mostly of domestic fauna/animals, glassy materials (square and cylindrical bottles, flasks, jars and jugs

  14. Epistemic duties and failure to understand one’s evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Stapleford

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper defends the thesis that our epistemic duty is the duty to proportion our beliefs to the evidence we possess. An inclusive view of evidenced possessed is put forward on the grounds that it makes sense of our intuitions about when it is right to say that a person ought to believe some proposition P. A second thesis is that we have no epistemic duty to adopt any particular doxastic attitudes. The apparent tension between the two theses is resolved by applying the concept of duty to belief indirectly.

  15. High duty cycle inverse Compton scattering X-ray source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovodenko, A.; Agustsson, R.; Babzien, M.; Campese, T.; Fedurin, M.; Murokh, A.; Pogorelsky, I.; Polyanskiy, M.; Rosenzweig, J.; Sakai, Y.; Shaftan, T.; Swinson, C.

    2016-12-01

    Inverse Compton Scattering (ICS) is an emerging compact X-ray source technology, where the small source size and high spectral brightness are of interest for multitude of applications. However, to satisfy the practical flux requirements, a high-repetition-rate ICS system needs to be developed. To this end, this paper reports the experimental demonstration of a high peak brightness ICS source operating in a burst mode at 40 MHz. A pulse train interaction has been achieved by recirculating a picosecond CO2 laser pulse inside an active optical cavity synchronized to the electron beam. The pulse train ICS performance has been characterized at 5- and 15- pulses per train and compared to a single pulse operation under the same operating conditions. With the observed near-linear X-ray photon yield gain due to recirculation, as well as noticeably higher operational reliability, the burst-mode ICS offers a great potential for practical scalability towards high duty cycles.

  16. 40 CFR 86.1816-08 - Emission standards for complete heavy-duty vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... U.S. heavy-duty vehicle sales of complete heavy-duty Otto-cycle motor vehicles for model year 2008... complete heavy-duty Otto-cycle motor vehicles for model year 2008. (2)(i) Manufacturers certifying vehicles... Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1816-08 Emission...

  17. "A Kantian care ethics suicide duty".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Dennis R

    2013-01-01

    Standard arguments for a duty to die or to commit suicide generally rely upon contractarian or other form of justice or the Principle of Beneficence. Even though some of these arguments might appear deontological, there is an explicit or implicit consequentialist common thread in all of them in which utility of some sort is maximized only through the taking of one's own life. Hence, most arguments for a suicide duty are consequentialist in nature. There are a number of relatively unexplored deontological arguments that make plausible cases for the mandatory taking of one's own life. For example, although Kant is widely thought to prohibit all suicides, a careful reading of his work can show a plausible case based on the Categorical Imperative. If it is necessary to preserve the individual's moral life, then everyone could will the generalized maxim governing the situation as a law of nature. Unfortunately, Kant's argument is weakened by his poor understanding of moral psychology. To strengthen Kant's case, care-relationship ethics can be combined with the argument to produce a plausible case that people are obligated to kill themselves if a number of criteria are satisfied.

  18. Canonical duties, liabilities of trustees and administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrisey, F G

    1985-06-01

    The new Code of Canon Law outlines a number of duties of those who have responsibility for administering the Church's temporal goods. Before assuming office, administrators must pledge to be efficient and faithful, and they must prepare an inventory of goods belonging to the juridic person they serve. Among their duties, administrators must: Ensure that adequate insurance is provided; Use civilly valid methods to protect canonical ownership of the goods; Observe civil and canon law prescriptions as well as donors' intentions; Collect and safeguard revenues, repay debts, and invest funds securely; Maintain accurate records, keep documents secure, and prepare an annual budget; Prepare an annual report and present it to the Ordinary where prescribed; Observe civil law concerning labor and social policy, and pay employees a just and decent wage. Administrators who carry out acts that are invalid canonically are liable for such acts. The juridic person is not liable, unless it derived benefit from the transaction. Liability is especially high when the sale of property is involved or when a contract is entered into without proper cannonical consent. Although Church law is relatively powerless to punish those who have been negligent, stewards, administrators, and trustees must do all they can to be truthful to the responsibility with which they have been entrusted.

  19. Rights and duties in parenting practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Solans

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this presentation is to present the results of three qualitative research on the exercise of rights and duties on Parenting Practices (PP, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. They included interviews with mothers of children with Unsatisfied Basic Needs concretized between 2009 and 2013. Their analysis revealed that in this set of households were carried out three types of PP: imposition, guide and free will, the latter was the most used. As part of this practice, children managed their hours of sleep, wakefulness and leisure, without the intervention of their parents. It was noted, for example, that children over 10 years decided on matters concerning their schooling, absenting progressively to school, to abandonment. These practices were respected by their parents. By default, the postponement of pleasure (tolerance to frustration will not be exercised: they let children do at will. A trend of teenage pregnancy and the formation of pairs of children between 14-16 years with parental consent was also noted. In this sense, even when children lived in a house in contact with their parents, with a supply of food and available school, the indiscriminate exercise of free will put children's health at risk and full development, curtailing their rights. We recommend further studies such timely interventions to promote programs and projects designed to guide parents on issues related to the development of children as subjects of Rights and Duties.

  20. Firefighters and on-duty deaths from coronary heart disease: a case control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soteriades Elpidoforos S

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary heart disease (CHD is responsible for 45% of on-duty deaths among United States firefighters. We sought to identify occupational and personal risk factors associated with on-duty CHD death. Methods We performed a case-control study, selecting 52 male firefighters whose CHD deaths were investigated by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. We selected two control populations: 51 male firefighters who died of on-duty trauma; and 310 male firefighters examined in 1996/1997, whose vital status and continued professional activity were re-documented in 1998. Results The circadian pattern of CHD deaths was associated with emergency response calls: 77% of CHD deaths and 61% of emergency dispatches occurred between noon and midnight. Compared to non-emergency duties, fire suppression (OR = 64.1, 95% CI 7.4–556; training (OR = 7.6, 95% CI 1.8–31.3 and alarm response (OR = 5.6, 95% CI 1.1–28.8 carried significantly higher relative risks of CHD death. Compared to the active firefighters, the CHD victims had a significantly higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in multivariate regression models: age ≥ 45 years (OR 6.5, 95% CI 2.6–15.9, current smoking (OR 7.0, 95% CI 2.8–17.4, hypertension (OR 4.7, 95% CI 2.0–11.1, and a prior diagnosis of arterial-occlusive disease (OR 15.6, 95% CI 3.5–68.6. Conclusions Our findings strongly support that most on-duty CHD fatalities are work-precipitated and occur in firefighters with underlying CHD. Improved fitness promotion, medical screening and medical management could prevent many of these premature deaths.

  1. The Relationship between Tax Rate, Penalty Rate, Tax Fairness and Excise Duty Non-compliance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinnasamy Perabavathi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The rise of indirect tax non-compliance by taxpayers became the main concern of most of the tax authorities around the globe. In Malaysia, non complaince such as smuggling and illegal trade activities by importers involving cigarettes, liquor and imported vehicles bound under Excise Act 1976 have caused revenue losses in monetary and non-monetary aspects. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the relationship of tax rate, penalty rate and tax fairness of excise duty non-compliance. This study uses the Deterrence Theory as a basis theory to investigate the phenomenon of excise duty non complaince. A total of 500 excise duty offenders throughout Malaysia responded to the survey. The model was empirically tested by using Partial Least Squares (PLS with disproportionate stratified random sampling technique. The results indicated that the perception of tax rate and penalty rate are positively related while tax fairness is negatively related to excise duty non-compliance among importers.

  2. 33 CFR 5.27 - Assignment to specific duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assignment to specific duties. 5.27 Section 5.27 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL COAST GUARD AUXILIARY § 5.27 Assignment to specific duties. Members of the Auxiliary shall not be...

  3. Classification of Gait Types Based on the Duty-factor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fihl, Preben; Moeslund, Thomas B.

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with classification of human gait types based on the notion that different gait types are in fact different types of locomotion, i.e., running is not simply walking done faster. We present the duty-factor, which is a descriptor based on this notion. The duty-factor is independent...

  4. 7 CFR 7.25 - County executive director duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false County executive director duties. 7.25 Section 7.25... CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.25 County executive director duties. (a) The county executive director shall execute the policies established by the county committee and be responsible for...

  5. 77 FR 73911 - Flightcrew Member Duty and Rest Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... and Rest Requirements AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Availability of... Regulatory Impact Analysis of its final rule amending its existing flight, duty and rest regulations... Register as Flight Crew Member Duty and Rest Requirements on January 4, 2012. 77 FR 330. The regulations...

  6. 75 FR 63424 - Flightcrew Member Duty and Rest Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Parts 117 and 121 RIN 2120-AJ58 Flightcrew Member Duty and Rest..., to amend its existing flight, duty and rest regulations applicable to certificate holders and their... and Rest Requirements.'' The proposed regulation recognizes the growing similarities between the types...

  7. 75 FR 62486 - Flightcrew Member Duty and Rest Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Parts 117 and 121 RIN 2120-AJ58 Flightcrew Member Duty and Rest... flight, duty and rest regulations applicable to certificate holders and their flightcrew members. The FAA... and Rest Requirements'' (75 FR 55852). The proposed regulation recognizes the growing similarities...

  8. 38 CFR 3.301 - Line of duty and misconduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... misconduct. 3.301 Section 3.301 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS... Entitlement Considerations § 3.301 Line of duty and misconduct. (a) Line of duty. Direct service connection..., and not the result of the veteran's own willful misconduct or, for claims filed after October 31,...

  9. 15 CFR 270.105 - Duties of a Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties of a Team. 270.105 Section 270... OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION SAFETY TEAMS NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION SAFETY TEAMS Establishment and Deployment of Teams § 270.105 Duties of a Team. (a) A Team's...

  10. 5 CFR 630.210 - Uncommon tours of duty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Uncommon tours of duty. 630.210 Section 630.210 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS ABSENCE AND LEAVE Definitions and General Provisions for Annual and Sick Leave § 630.210 Uncommon tours of duty. (a...

  11. 28 CFR 49.2 - Duties of custodian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duties of custodian. 49.2 Section 49.2 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) ANTITRUST CIVIL PROCESS ACT § 49.2 Duties of custodian. (a) Upon taking physical possession of documentary material, answers to interrogatories,...

  12. 40 CFR 1065.512 - Duty cycle generation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duty cycle generation. 1065.512... cycle generation. (a) Generate duty cycles according to this section if the standard-setting part... sequence of paired values for speed and torque or for speed and power. (b) Transform normalized values...

  13. 19 CFR 10.625 - Refunds of excess customs duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. Dominican Republic... last CAFTA-DR country will be liquidated or reliquidated at the applicable rate of duty for that good... excess customs duties paid with respect to such entry, with interest accrued from the date of entry...

  14. 7 CFR 7.22 - Community committee duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Community committee duties. 7.22 Section 7.22... CONSERVATION STATE, COUNTY AND COMMUNITY COMMITTEES § 7.22 Community committee duties. (a) The community... community committee shall: (1) Serve as an advisor and consultant to the county committee; (2)...

  15. The Department Head: A Survey of Duties and Responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papalia, Anthony

    This study surveys 107 foreign language departments in secondary schools in western New York and identifies duties and practices of those responsible for the departmental leadership. The report also determines the amount of released time granted to perform departmental duties. The educational preparation and work experience of supervisory staff…

  16. 31 CFR 401.4 - Duties of Bureau of Customs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duties of Bureau of Customs. 401.4... TRANSPORT COUNTERFEIT COINS, OBLIGATIONS, SECURITIES, AND PARAPHERNALIA § 401.4 Duties of Bureau of Customs... director of customs pursuant to the said act of August 9, 1939, and the regulations in this part,...

  17. 31 CFR 406.4 - Duties of customs officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duties of customs officers. 406.4... 1934 AND GOLD REGULATIONS § 406.4 Duties of customs officers. The appropriate officials of the Bureau of Customs are hereby authorized and designated as the officers who shall perform such...

  18. Understanding the Code: exceptions to the duty of patient confidentiality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Richard

    2015-07-01

    Last month's article considered the scope of a district nurse's duty to maintain the confidentiality of patient information under the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Code, their contract of employment, and the law. This month, Richard Griffith considers the exceptions to these duties and sets out when a district nurse would be justified in disclosing patient information.

  19. 46 CFR 515.32 - Freight forwarder duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Freight forwarder duties. 515.32 Section 515.32 Shipping... Commission § 515.32 Freight forwarder duties. (a) Notice of shipper affiliation. When a licensed freight... licensed freight forwarder shall have the option of: (1) Identifying itself as such and/or, where...

  20. 28 CFR 549.13 - Programming, duty, and housing restrictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Programming, duty, and housing... INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT MEDICAL SERVICES Infectious Disease Management § 549.13 Programming, duty, and housing restrictions. (a) The CD will assess any inmate with an infectious disease for appropriateness for...

  1. 42 CFR 440.80 - Private duty nursing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Private duty nursing services. 440.80 Section 440... nursing services. Private duty nursing services means nursing services for recipients who require more individual and continuous care than is available from a visiting nurse or routinely provided by the...

  2. Duty to report: Legal implications of nurses stealing from patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimond, Bridgit

    This article explores the situation when a nurse receives a report from a patient that a colleague is stealing from the patient. It looks at the duty of the nurse and the issues which may arise when she tries to put her duty into action. It also considers the legal situation of the colleague who is the subject of the allegations.

  3. Primum nocere: medical brain drain and the duty to stay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferracioli, L.; de Lora, P.

    2015-01-01

    In this essay, we focus on the moral justification of a highly controversial measure to redress medical brain drain: the duty to stay. We argue that the moral justification for this duty lies primarily in the fact that medical students impose high risks on their fellow citizens while receiving their

  4. 45 CFR 1618.5 - Duties of the Corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Duties of the Corporation. 1618.5 Section 1618.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES § 1618.5 Duties of the Corporation. (a) Whenever there is reason to believe that a recipient or...

  5. 38 CFR 1.201 - Employee's duty to report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employee's duty to report... PROVISIONS Referrals of Information Regarding Criminal Violations § 1.201 Employee's duty to report. All VA employees with knowledge or information about actual or possible violations of criminal law related to VA...

  6. Student Drivers and the Fiduciary Duty of School Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donlevy, James Kent; Gereluk, Dianne; Brandon, Jim; Patterson, Peggy

    2017-01-01

    Following "E.D.G. v. Hammer", Canadian law has held that school boards, although they have a fiduciary duty to their students, do not guarantee the safety of their students from the acts of their employees. The scope of that fiduciary duty is narrow, restricted to a board acting with disloyalty, in bad faith, or in a conflict of interest…

  7. 25 CFR 11.1003 - Law enforcement officer's duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Law enforcement officer's duties. 11.1003 Section 11.1003 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Juvenile Offender Procedure § 11.1003 Law enforcement officer's duties. A law...

  8. 25 CFR 11.1103 - Law enforcement officer's duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Law enforcement officer's duties. 11.1103 Section 11.1103 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Minor-in-Need-of-Care Procedure § 11.1103 Law enforcement officer's duties. Upon...

  9. 75 FR 12734 - Honey from Argentina: Rescission of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    ... International Trade Administration Honey from Argentina: Rescission of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review... the countervailing duty order on honey from Argentina. See Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order..., 2009). On December 31, 2009, the American Honey Producers Association and the Sioux Honey...

  10. 76 FR 1971 - Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Final Affirmative Countervailing Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... bank loan benchmark. Subsequently, on September 14, 2010, the DP Master Group filed rebuttal comments... China: Preliminary Affirmative Countervailing Duty Determination, 75 FR 33245 (June 11, 2010...: Alignment of Final Countervailing Duty Determination with Final Antidumping Duty Determination, 75 FR...

  11. Acerca de “LEJOS DEL CORAZÓN”: Comentarios sobre el libro escrito por el Doctor Fernando Juárez Acosta.About "LEJOS DEL CORAZÓN": Comments about the book written by Dr. Fernando Acosta Juarez.

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Acerca de “LEJOS DEL CORAZÓN”: Comentarios sobre el libro escrito por el Doctor Fernando Juárez Acosta. About "LEJOS DEL CORAZÓN": Comments about the book written by Dr. Fernando Acosta Juarez. Resumen   Una revisión detallada del libro titulado “Lejos del Corazón” escrito por el Doctor en Psicología Fernando Juárez Acosta, ha conducido a la elaboración de este artículo a través del cual se expone un análisis de algunos de los elementos que posibilitan el valor del texto en cuestión, en tanto...

  12. Legal duties to respect abortion choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickens, Bernard M

    2003-01-01

    This paper addresses legal protection of individual choices to obtain abortion services, to decline to perform abortions on grounds of religious objection, and to participate in these procedures. It considers legal duties to respect women as decision-makers in their own lives, including when they decide to continue pregnancy. The choice to decline participation in abortions is an aspect of religious freedom available to physicians, nurses, and, for instance, pharmacists, but not artificial legal persons such as hospital and clinic corporations. Refusal does not extend to ancillary functions such as serving meals, routine pre-operative and post-operative care of abortion patients or typing abortion referral letters. Physicians practising in proximate care must be trained in appropriate medical management of incomplete and threatened abortion even when they would refuse to apply such techniques to induce abortion.

  13. Lightweight Composite Materials for Heavy Duty Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pruez, Jacky; Shoukry, Samir; Williams, Gergis; Shoukry, Mark

    2013-08-31

    The main objective of this project is to develop, analyze and validate data, methodologies and tools that support widespread applications of automotive lightweighting technologies. Two underlying principles are guiding the research efforts towards this objective: • Seamless integration between the lightweight materials selected for certain vehicle systems, cost-effective methods for their design and manufacturing, and practical means to enhance their durability while reducing their Life-Cycle-Costs (LCC). • Smooth migration of the experience and findings accumulated so far at WVU in the areas of designing with lightweight materials, innovative joining concepts and durability predictions, from applications to the area of weight savings for heavy vehicle systems and hydrogen storage tanks, to lightweighting applications of selected systems or assemblies in light–duty vehicles.

  14. Genetic ignorance, moral obligations and social duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takala, T; Häyry, M

    2000-02-01

    In a contribution to The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Professor Rosamond Rhodes argues that individuals sometimes have an obligation to know about their genetic disorders, because this is required by their status as autonomous persons. Her analysis, which is based on Kant's concept of autonomy and Aristotle's notion of friendship, is extended here to consequentialist concerns. These are of paramount importance if, as we believe and Professor Rhodes herself implies, the Kantian and Aristotelian doctrines can be helpful only in the sphere of private morality, not in the public realm. Better tools for assessing the right to genetic ignorance as an issue of public policy can, we contend, be found in Mill's ideas concerning liberty and the prevention of harm. Our own conclusion, based on the Millian way of thinking, is that individuals probably do have the right to remain in ignorance in the cases Professor Rhodes presents as examples of a duty to know.

  15. Medium Duty Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mackie, Robin J. D. [Smith Electric Vehicles Corporation, Kansas City, MO (United States)

    2015-05-31

    The Smith Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project (SDP) was integral to the Smith business plan to establish a manufacturing base in the United States (US) and produce a portfolio of All Electric Vehicles (AEV’s) for the medium duty commercial truck market. Smith focused on the commercial depot based logistics market, as it represented the market that was most ready for the early adoption of AEV technology. The SDP enabled Smith to accelerate its introduction of vehicles and increase the size of its US supply chain to support early market adoption of AEV’s that were cost competitive, fully met the needs of a diverse set of end users and were compliant with Federal safety and emissions requirements. The SDP accelerated the development and production of various electric drive vehicle systems to substantially reduce petroleum consumption, reduce vehicular emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), and increase US jobs.

  16. Relación entre consultas a urgencias por enfermedad respiratoria y contaminación atmosférica en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández-Cadena Leticia

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar la relación entre las concentraciones ambientales de partículas de diámetro <=10 µm (PM10 y de ozono con el número diario de consultas al servicio de urgencias por enfermedades respiratorias agudas y asma en niños menores de 15 años, residentes de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Este estudio se realizó durante los años de 1998 y 1999, utilizando un diseño de tipo ecológico. Los datos atmosféricos se obtuvieron de la base de datos de la Agencia de Protección al Ambiente (EPA, provenientes de ocho estaciones de monitoreo ubicadas en Ciudad Juárez y en El Paso, Texas. Los datos de consultas al servicio de urgencias por causas respiratorias se obtuvieron de los registros médicos de dos hospitales del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, de julio de 1997 a diciembre de 1998. Los diagnósticos se clasificaron en dos grupos: a asma, y b infecciones respiratorias altas, conforme a la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (CIE-9 o CIE-10. El análisis se realizó con la utilización de la metodología de series de tiempo que emplea regresión Poisson. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo de estudio la media de 24 horas de PM10 fue de 34.46 µg/m³ (DE=17.99 y la media de los niveles de ozono fue de 51.60 partes por billón (ppb (DE=20.70. El modelo propuesto estima que un incremento de 20 µg/m³ en el promedio de 24 horas, en la exposición a PM10, se relaciona con un incremento de 4.97% (IC 95% 0.97-9.13 en las consultas por asma con un retraso de cinco días y con un incremento de 9% (IC 95% 1.8-16.8 cuando se considera a la exposición acumulada de cinco días anteriores. Respecto a enfermedades respiratorias altas se encontró un aumento de 2.95% en las consultas a urgencias por cada 20 µm/m³ de incremento en el promedio de 24 horas en la exposición a PM10. Se observó que el impacto de PM10 sobre las visitas de urgencia por asma fue más severo en

  17. Good faith in corporate law – an independent fiduciary duty or an element of the duty of loyalty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adina Ponta

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking the duty of loyalty as a starting point, which we consider to be the director’s core fiduciary duty, this paper aims at identifying the contours of good faith in corporate law and the interpretations of this institution in corporate governance. The objective of the paper is to demonstrate the autonomy of good faith, along with the duty of care and the duty of loyalty. The paper displays the traditional legal approaches of this institution, both in continental civil law and in common law literature and jurisprudence and exhaustively describes the obligations that compose or even define this concept. Due to its amplitude, the duty of good faith enabled courts to articulate subsidiary fiduciary duties that meet social changes and transformation within business law. By means of cited case law, the conclusion will show that due to the nature, content and effects of situations where specific obligations are met, these may not be incorporated as elements of the traditional duty of care or duty of loyalty.

  18. Combination of Ag/Al2O3 and Fe-BEA for High-Activity Catalyst System for H2-Assisted NH3-SCR of NO x for Light-Duty Diesel Car Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fogel, S.; Doronkin, D. E.; Høj, J. W.;

    2013-01-01

    Low-temperature active Ag/Al2O3 and high-temperature active Fe-BEA zeolite were combined and tested for H2-assisted NH3-selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO x . The catalysts were either washcoated onto separate monoliths that were placed up- or downstream of each other (dual-brick layout......) or washcoated on top of each other in a sandwiched layout (dual-layer). Our results showed that it is highly preferred to have Ag/Al2O3 as the upstream or outer layer catalyst. Fe-BEA showed a high NH3 oxidation giving an NH3 deficit over the Ag/Al2O3. Ag/Al2O3 formed NO2 which enhanced the activity over Fe......-BEA through the “fast”-SCR reaction when Fe-BEA was placed downstream or as inner layer. When no H2, which is needed for the SCR reaction over Ag/Al2O3, was added, the dual-layer layout was preferred. The shorter diffusion distance between the layers is a probable explanation....

  19. "Sensoro spēju attīstība nodarbībās bērniem vecumā no 2-3 gadiem, izmantojot Montesori metodiku"

    OpenAIRE

    Billerte, Anna

    2016-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba „Sensoro spēju attīstība nodarbībās bērniem vecumā no 2 līdz 3 gadiem, izmantojot Montesori metodiku” mērķis - izpētīt bērnu attīstību no 2 līdz 3 gadu vecumam, nosakot Montesori metodikas lomu bērnu sensoro spēju attīstīšanā. Tika veikts analītisks pētījums par bērnu attīstības teorētiskajām nostādnēm un Montesori pedagoģijas pamatbūtību, īpašu uzmanību veltot sensorās attīstības veicināšanai domātajiem materiāliem. Tika veikts praktisks pētījums par bērnu sensoro spēju...

  20. Development of a heavy duty portable variable power supply (HPVPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musa, Ahmad Zulfadli Bin; Lung, Chong Man; Abidin, Wan'Amirah Basyarah Binti Zainol

    2017-08-01

    This paper covers the innovation of a Heavy Duty Portable Variable Power Supply (HPVPS) in Jabatan Kejuruteraan Elektrik (JKE), Politeknik Mukah, Sarawak (PMU). This project consists of variable power supply which can vary the output from 1.2 V to 11.6V, AC pure wave inverter to convert DC to AC for the operation of low power home appliances and also used Li-on rechargeable batteries to store the electrical energy and additional feature that can be used to jump-start the batteries of the car. The main objective of this project is to make the user can operate the electronic devices anywhere whenever if no electricity while doing their lab activities. Most of the regulated power supply in JKE lab aged 9-10 years old and need periodical maintenance and need cost and also the unit can be used is not enough to support the whole class during lab activities. As a result, the P&P process will be facing the major problem in order to make the lab activities running smoothly. By development of the portable variable power supply, the P&P process is more efficient and very helpful.

  1. Considerations of Pharmacology on Fitness for Duty in the Operational Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    and Performance Division Biobehavior, Bioassessment & Biosurveillance Branch Brooks City-Base, TX 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME...S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) Air Force Materiel Command Biobehavior, Bioassessment & Biosurveillance Branch 711 HPW/RHP 711...survey of all (active duty and deployed) Army aviators using the Army Knowl- edge Online (AKO) portal to ask individuals to anony- mously respond to

  2. Return to Duty Rate of Amputee Soldiers in the Current Conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    6 If an amputee soldier wishes to remain on active duty, he or she must demonstrate a higher level of function with a prosthesis and have the...at American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 15–18, 2009. The opinions or assertions contained herein are...and knee disarticulation), transtibial, and Syme (includes foot proximal to the metatarsals). Rank/pay grades were grouped into three categories

  3. Evaluación del programa de médico cirujano del Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez Assessment of the medical surgeon program of the Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Cataño-Calatayud; María Teresa G. Manjarrez-González; Jaime Romero-González

    2012-01-01

    Con el propósito de mejorar la calidad académica del programa de médico cirujano del Instituto de Ciencias de Biomédicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez (UACJ), en México, se modificó la manera de evaluar a los graduados. El programa de médico cirujano comprendía tres procesos de evaluación, que se utilizaron durante el periodo 2006-2008 para conocer la pertinencia, eficacia y eficiencia de la formación profesional de sus graduados: el promedio general de salida (PGS) y el examen ...

  4. Visiones de la esperanza: recuperación de espacios públicos y generación de actividades comunitarias en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alfonso Aguirre Quiñónez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de la descripción, interpretación e imágenes de dos situaciones de la vida fronteriza, se patentiza el anhelo de la población juarense por encontrar modos de inte - racción social que lleven a una mejora en la calidad de vida en los diversos escenarios de las relaciones humanas. Por una parte, el ensayo recupera la experiencia de un evento cívico, el desfile del 16 de septiembre, mostrando expresiones de esperanza de la pobla - ción juarense al sentirse parte del festejo en el hecho de “ganar la calle” y apropiarse del espacio público por antonomasia en Ciudad Juárez: la Plaza Principal. Por otro lado, se muestra cómo el esfuerzo de un grupo de vecinos (básicamente promovido y com - puesto por mujeres integra afectiva y socialmente a habitantes de Riberas del Bravo a través de actividades tendientes a la superación individual y a la mejoría colectiva. El evento conmemorativo en el centro de la ciudad y la acción conjunta en Riberas son muestras del anhelo de las personas de creer que la vida en esta frontera es posible de otro modo diferente al de la desconfianza y el miedo.

  5. Elaboración del duelo de una madre cuyo hijo trabajaba como sicario en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalía Delgado Durán

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo es parte de una investigación cualitativa sobre el proceso de ela - boración de duelo de la madre de un sicario en el contexto de una terapia Gestalt. Se utilizó para su análisis la perspectiva de las etapas del duelo de Kübler-Ross (2006:59- 119. La exacerbación de la violencia generada en buena medida por pugnas entre gru - pos del crimen organizado en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (Martínez, 2008, ha dado como resultado una gran cantidad de muertes, una de ellas es el caso que nos ocupa. Si bien uno de los objetivos iniciales de la investigación era documentar y analizar las etapas en el desarrollo del duelo de una madre a partir del fallecimiento de su hijo, este se replanteó durante el transcurso de la misma, ya que una de las características del duelo de esta madre es que inició justo cuando se enteró del trabajo que él realizaba.

  6. Seguridad urbana y vulnerabilidad social en Ciudad Juárez. Un modelo desde la perspectiva de análisis espacial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Morales Cárdenas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo del concepto de “seguridad urbana”, introducido por un-Habitat en 2007 dentro de la agenda de Ciudades seguras, el presente trabajo propone analizar a Ciudad Juárez, urbe considerada entre las más inseguras y violentas del país y del mundo. Se presenta el desarrollo de un índice de seguridad urbana (isu basado en un modelo multicriterio de análisis espacial que propone identificar y explicar cómo se manifiestan territorialmente las amenazas a la seguridad urbana y su relación con los índices de vulnerabilidad social asociada a la pobreza. La importancia de este análisis radica en la necesidad de articular los estudios estadísticos y los patrones de distribución de las amenazas a la seguridad urbana con los procesos de planificación urbana como instrumento preventivo que permita formular políticas para reducir la inseguridad urbana.

  7. Darba devēju un darbinieku atbildības tiesiskais regulējums darba aizsardzībā

    OpenAIRE

    Lapuška, Baiba

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „Darba devēju un darbinieku atbildības tiesiskais regulējums darba aizsardzībā” mērķis ir izpētīt normatīvo regulējumu, kas attiecas uz darba devēja un darbinieka tiesībām un pienākumiem darba aizsardzības jomā, kā arī vērst uzmanību uz problēmjautājumiem, kas skar darba devēja atbildību par darba aizsardzības neievērošanu. Autore uzskata, ka tiesu praksē nav pievērsta pietiekama uzmanība darba devēja un darbinieka atbildības tiesiskajam regulējumam darba aizsardzībā. Šis tema...

  8. Un acercamiento a la licenciatura en Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Pérez Castro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La educación en valores se hace cada vez más necesaria en las instituciones de educación superior. Los jóvenes universitarios además de ser formados en su disciplina, necesitan construir un armazón valoral que apoye su ejercicio profesional y que les permita desempeñarse con autonomía, responsabilidad, honestidad y sentido de justicia, entre otras cosas. En este artículo, se presentan los resultados preliminares de la investigación Formación disciplinaria y ejercicio profesional. Un acercamiento a partir de los valores, la cual se lleva a cabo en la Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco. El universo de estudio lo constituyen dos generaciones de la licenciatura en Ciencias de la Educación y, además de los valores, se incluyeron otras dimensiones en donde se indaga sobre las ideas y la relación que los estudiantes mantienen con el mundo, su país, su carrera, la religión, la familia, los amigos y con ellos mismos.

  9. Tinta y política en una pequeña comunidad bonaerense: Benito Juárez, 1902-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez, Silvana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo estudiamos los vínculos entre prensa periódica y vida política en Benito Juárez, provincia de Buenos Aires, entre 1902 y 1930. El mundo político de esa comunidad estuvo atravesado en las primeras décadas del siglo XX por un personaje de impronta: Pedro Díaz Pumará. Durante la primera parte de su trayectoria política, el apoyo recibido de periódicos como La Nación y El Día fue fundamental para legitimar la posición de Don Pedro en el municipio. A partir de 1917, la importancia de la prensa local fue en aumento; en sus páginas podemos estudiar las tensiones entre oficialistas y opositores. Consideramos a lo largo de este trabajo que la prensa periódica refleja desafíos y expectativas de diversos actores, al tiempo que su estudio permite considerar el grado de afianzamiento del líder en la comunidad y sus relaciones con el espacio provincial.

  10. Teoría y práctica del desarrollo comunitario. Un estudio de caso en un fraccionamiento de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Addiel Pérez Díaz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se aborda una experiencia en desarrollo comunitario acontecida en el fraccionamiento Eco 2000, en Ciudad Juárez, México. El mismo se subdivide en cuatro secciones, la primera se refiere a los fundamentos teóricos que sustentan la experiencia de intervención generada en dicha demarcación urbana. La segunda sección consiste en la concepción y estrategia metodológica asumida para el desarrollo de todo el proceso de intervención desde un enfoque participativo. La tercera parte establece un diagnóstico sobre las principales características socio-económicas prioritarias en la indagación por medio de las técnicas utilizadas. Y en la cuarta y última sección se presentan los proyectos implementados durante el periodo de cinco meses en el área mencionada

  11. A hybrid modeling approach to evaluate the groundwater flow system at the low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste disposal site in Gyeong-Ju, Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Sung-Hoon; Park, Kyung Woo; Lim, Doo-Hyun; Kim, Chunsoo; Kim, Kyung Su; Dershowitz, William

    2012-11-01

    The development and implementation of a hybrid discrete fracture network/equivalent porous medium (DFN/EPM) approach to groundwater flow at the Gyeong-Ju low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW) disposal site in the Republic of Korea is reported. The geometrical and hydrogeological properties of fractured zones, background fractures and rock matrix were derived from site characterization data and implemented as a DFN. Several DFN realizations, including the deterministic fractured zones and the stochastic background fractures, whose statistical properties were verified by comparison with in-situ fracture and hydraulic test data, were suggested, and they were then upscaled to continuums using a fracture tensor approach for site-scale flow simulations. The upscaled models were evaluated by comparison to in-situ pressure monitoring data, and then used to simulate post-closure hydrogeology for the LILW facility. Simulation results demonstrate the importance of careful characterization and implementation of fractured zones. The study highlighted the importance of reducing uncertainty regarding the properties and variability of natural background fractures, particularly in the immediate vicinity of repository emplacement.

  12. Gestión pública para solucionar un problema ambiental: manejo de llantas de desecho en Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Córdova Bojórquez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La reutilización de llantas usadas es un problema ambiental cuando ya no es posible seguirlas usando y se consideran basura, que se almacena en casas, se deposita en tiraderos clandestinos y se tira en la vía pública. Se convierten en refugio de plagas, roedores e insectos vectores de enfermedades, además constituyen un riesgo para el entorno y la salud humana, peligro que se incrementa ante la posibilidad de un incendio. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar la gestión del manejo de la llanta de desecho en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, hogar del mayor tiradero de llantas en la región fronteriza. Los resultados muestran que el gobierno ha tenido una participación mínima, hasta el momento en que se inicia un proceso de gestión mixta que involucra además al sector privado, al académico y a la sociedad civil; a partir de esta gestión mixta comienzan realmente acciones específicas para resolver el problema de la llanta usada.

  13. Role of Customs Duties in the Formation of Budget Revenues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela - Anca Postole

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Accession to the European Union, starting price and trade exchange liberalization, alongside a strong exchange rate reform, required a depth rethinking of the customs duty system and also influenced the role of this category of tax in establishing budgetary resources.This study reviews the impact of customs duties on changing levels of revenues collected at the state budget. The analysis used is the econometric modeling based on a single- factor regression model.But in Romania, customs duties do not have any major impact on budget revenues and the effects of their collection on the state budget revenues are felt within two months of collection.

  14. IMPACT OF CPO EXPORT DUTIES ON MALAYSIAN PALM OIL INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Ibragimov Abdulla; Fatimah Mohamed Arshad; B. K. Bala; Kusairi Mohd Noh; Muhammad Tasrif

    2014-01-01

    In January 2013, Malaysia reduced the export duty structure to be in line with the Indonesia’s duty structure. Both countries export crude and processed palm oil. Since Malaysia and Indonesia are close competitors and they compete in the same market, a change in export duty rate in one country will affect the other. Indonesia, as the world’s biggest palm oil producer, has drastically widened the values between the crude palm oil and refined palm oil export taxes since October 2011...

  15. The Perceived Importance of HR duties to Danish line managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandl, Julia; Madsen, Mona Toft; Madsen, Henning

    2009-01-01

    of particular HR duties and how the importance assigned to HR duties varies across managers. Based on a survey of 1,500 Danish managers, we find that 'motivating others' is considered the most important HR duty whereas 'team building', 'handling conflicts' and 'coaching' are considered the least important HR......Today, HR scholars widely acknowledge that realising HRM requires the involvement of all managers and that the personal motivation of line managers plays an important role in their successful involvement. Yet, previous research has neglected to study how line managers rate the importance...

  16. [Conditioning of community nurse duties towards the patient treated by family doctor--the opinion of family doctor staff members].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogala-Pawelczyk, Grazyna

    2002-01-01

    The team of family doctor is the main link in the basic health care. It consists of community nurses who work according to the plan specifying the health needs of patients. Community nurses fulfil the needs of patients of various age and health conditions. The paper presents a part of studies on the area and activities of community nurses working in the team of family doctor. An attempt was made to answer the following questions: what are the duties of community nurse, what factors make it easy to fulfil the duties and what factors make the work more difficult? The study comprised a few dozen of community nurses and family doctors all over the country. It was carried out from January to April 2001. Two questionnaires were used for community nurses and for family doctors. Medical documentation was also analysed. It gave answers to problem questions: duties of community nurses include: co-operation in diagnosing and treatment, health promotion and education, fulfilment of therapeutic and nursing programme, factors which help to realise the programme include: qualifications, clearly stated duties, equipment, factors which make the work difficult comprise: lack of staff, poor salary, legislation problems, difficulties in self-development, lack of co-operation from patients and their families. No differences in the opinion of both groups on the duties of community nurses were noticed.

  17. Medidas antropométricas segundo aptidão cardiorrespiratória em militares da ativa, Brasil Anthropometry and cardiorespiratory fitness of military men in active duty, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo de Almeida Magalhães Oliveira

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as diferenças no índice de massa corporal (IMC e no perímetro da cintura segundo a aptidão cardiorrespiratória em militares do sexo masculino. MÉTODOS: A amostra constituiu-se de 50.523 homens da ativa do exército brasileiro. Os dados antropométricos (massa corporal, estatura e perímetro da cintura e de consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2max, estimado por meio do teste de corrida de 12 minutos, foram obtidos no teste de aptidão física do ano 2001. RESULTADOS: A idade variou de 18 a 52 anos, porém foi composta em sua maioria por indivíduos jovens (média + DP = 25,8 + 6,6 anos de idade. A faixa de aptidão cardiorrespiratória variou de 22,2 a 82,5 mL O2.kg-1.min-1. Os valores médios do perímetro da cintura foram significativamente menores nos grupos de melhor aptidão cardiorrespiratória, quando comparados com os grupos com menor aptidão (pOBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in body mass index (BMI and waist circumference according to cardiorespiratory fitness in active military men. METHODS: The study sample comprised 50,523 active military men of the Brazilian army. Anthropometric measures (body mass, height, and waist circumference and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max information, estimated in a 12-min run, were obtained in a fitness test in 2001. RESULTS: Subjects' age ranged between 18 and 52 years, but most were young (mean + SD 25.8 + 6.6 years. Cardiorespiratory fitness varied from 22.2 to 82.5 mL.O2.kg-1.min-1. Waist circumference mean values were significantly lower in those subjects in the highest fitness level compared to those in the lowest level (p<0.001 even after adjusting for age, BMI, and both together. CONCLUSIONS: For the same BMI, military men with better cardiorespiratory fitness have significantly lower waist circumference measures compared to those with lower fitness. These findings suggest that military with better physical fitness have lower abdominal fat accumulation.

  18. Keeping the workforce healthy may not be an employer's duty, but it's certainly in their own interests

    OpenAIRE

    Goodwin, Kelly; Boyce, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Do employers have a duty of care to employees to ensure they are aware work commitments have an impact on physical inactivity? Many employers would say that the level of physical activity among their workforce is up to each individual and does not have an impact on their working life; both of these ideas however are not realistic

  19. Development and Demonstration of a Low Cost Hybrid Drive Train for Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strangas, Elias; Schock, Harold; Zhu, Guoming; Moran, Kevin; Ruckle, Trevor; Foster, Shanelle; Cintron-Rivera, Jorge; Tariq, Abdul; Nino-Baron, Carlos

    2011-04-30

    The DOE sponsored effort is part of a larger effort to quantify the efficiency of hybrid powertrain systems through testing and modeling. The focus of the DOE sponsored activity was the design, development and testing of hardware to evaluate the efficiency of the electrical motors relevant to medium duty vehicles. Medium duty hybrid powertrain motors and generators were designed, fabricated, setup and tested. The motors were a permanent magnet configuration, constructed at Electric Apparatus Corporation in Howell, Michigan. The purpose of this was to identify the potential gains in terms of fuel cost savings that could be realized by implementation of such a configuration. As the electric motors constructed were prototype designs, the scope of the project did not include calculation of the costs of mass production of the subject electrical motors or generator.

  20. The Perceived Importance of HR duties to Danish line managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandl, Julia; Madsen, Mona Toft; Madsen, Henning

    2009-01-01

    Today, HR scholars widely acknowledge that realising HRM requires the involvement of all managers and that the personal motivation of line managers plays an important role in their successful involvement. Yet, previous research has neglected to study how line managers rate the importance...... of particular HR duties and how the importance assigned to HR duties varies across managers. Based on a survey of 1,500 Danish managers, we find that 'motivating others' is considered the most important HR duty whereas 'team building', 'handling conflicts' and 'coaching' are considered the least important HR...... duties. Female top managers in the public sector exhibit the greatest interest in HR whereas men at lower managerial levels in the private sector give lowest priority to HR work. We conclude with possible explanations for the observed differences in a Danish context and beyond and provide suggestions...

  1. Evolution of high duty cycle echolocation in bats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fenton, M. B.; Faure, P. A.; Ratcliffe, J. M.

    2012-01-01

    Duty cycle describes the relative 'on time' of a periodic signal. In bats, we argue that high duty cycle (HDC) echolocation was selected for and evolved from low duty cycle (LDC) echolocation because increasing call duty cycle enhanced the ability of echolocating bats to detect, lock onto and track...... fluttering insects. Most echolocators (most bats and all birds and odontocete cetaceans) use LDC echolocation, separating pulse and echo in time to avoid forward masking. They emit short duration, broadband, downward frequency modulated (FM) signals separated by relatively long periods of silence....... In contrast, bats using HDC echolocation emit long duration, narrowband calls dominated by a single constant frequency (CF) separated by relatively short periods of silence. HDC bats separate pulse and echo in frequency by exploiting information contained in Doppler-shifted echoes arising from their movements...

  2. All Digital Wide Range Msar Controlled Duty-Cycle Corrector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Sindhuja

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A clock with 50% duty cycle is very significant in many applications such as DDR-SDRAMs and double sampling analog-to-digital converters. This crisp presents a Modified Successive Approximation Register (MSAR controlled duty cycle corrector (DCC, to attain 50% duty cycle correction. Here MSAR adopts a binary search method to compress lock time while maintaining tight synchronization between effort and production clocks. The MSAR-DCC circuit has been implemented in a 0.18- µm CMOS process which corrects the duty rate within 5 cycles which has a closed loop characteristics. The measured power dissipation and area occupation are 5581nW and 0.033mm2 respectively.

  3. 7 CFR 46.26 - Duties of licensees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER THAN RULES OF PRACTICE) UNDER THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1930 Duties of...

  4. The duty to do the best for one's patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisp, Roger

    2015-03-01

    This paper is a discussion of the duty of doctors to do what is best for their patients. What is required by this duty is shown to depend on the circumstances, including any financial constraints on the doctor. The duty to do the best is a duty of benevolence, and this virtue itself has to be understood as bounded by other virtues, including justice and professional responsibility. An Aristotelian account of medical benevolence is developed, and the issues of supererogation and individual judgement are discussed within this framework. The paper ends with the claim that the patient-centred conception of benevolence defended in the paper is in line with consequentialist and deontological ethical traditions. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  5. 7 CFR 917.34 - Duties of Control Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Bodies § 917.34 Duties of Control Committee. The Control... develop and provide the commodity committees data on shared expenses to facilitate equitable...

  6. 12 CFR 917.2 - General authorities and duties of Bank boards of directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT § 917.2 General authorities and duties of Bank boards of directors. (a) Management of a Bank. The...'s board of directors for that Bank's management is non-delegable. (b) Duties of Bank directors. Each Bank director shall have the duty to: (1) Carry out his or her duties as director in good faith, in...

  7. 19 CFR 159.58 - Dumping and countervailing duties; action by port director.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dumping and countervailing duties; action by port director. 159.58 Section 159.58 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Dumping and countervailing duties; action by port director. (a) Antidumping matters. Upon receipt...

  8. 19 CFR 152.2 - Notification to importer of increased duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... § 152.2 Notification to importer of increased duties. If the port director believes that the entered... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notification to importer of increased duties. 152.2 Section 152.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  9. 19 CFR 144.12 - Contents of entry summary; estimated duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., Customs Form 7501, shall show the value, classification, and rate of duty as approved by the port director... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contents of entry summary; estimated duties. 144.12 Section 144.12 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  10. 19 CFR 19.36 - Requirements for duty-free store operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... reasonable assurance to the port director that conditionally duty-free merchandise purchased therein will be... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Requirements for duty-free store operations. 19.36 Section 19.36 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

  11. 77 FR 4763 - Honey From Argentina: Notice of Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... International Trade Administration Honey From Argentina: Notice of Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper... ] antidumping duty order on honey from Argentina. See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Honey From Argentina, 66...: Background On December 10, 2001, the Department published the antidumping duty order on honey from...

  12. 77 FR 21968 - Honey From Argentina: Rescission of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ... International Trade Administration Honey From Argentina: Rescission of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review... countervailing duty order on honey ] from Argentina. See Notice of Countervailing Duty Order: Honey From... opportunity to request an administrative review of the countervailing duty order on honey from Argentina...

  13. 76 FR 5332 - Honey From Argentina: Notice of Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... International Trade Administration Honey From Argentina: Notice of Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper... antidumping duty order on honey from Argentina. See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Honey From Argentina, 66...: Background On December 10, 2001, the Department published the antidumping duty order on honey from...

  14. 77 FR 9622 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Applications for Watch Duty-Exemption and 7113...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ...-Exemption and 7113 Jewelry Duty-Refund Program AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Commerce. ACTION... watch duty- exemptions and watch and jewelry duty-refunds to program producers in the U.S. insular... the duty-refund program for the watch and jewelry producers. Form ITA-360P requires no...

  15. 40 CFR Appendix II to Part 1039 - Steady-State Duty Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... following duty cycles apply for variable-speed engines with maximum engine power below 19 kW: (1) The... variable-speed engines with maximum engine power at or above 19 kW: (1) The following duty cycle applies... Appendix II to Part 1039—Steady-State Duty Cycles (a) The following duty cycles apply for constant-speed...

  16. 77 FR 5767 - Certain Tin Mill Products From Japan: Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Tin Mill Products From Japan: Rescission of Antidumping Duty...) initiated an administrative review of the antidumping duty order covering certain tin mill products from... antidumping duty order on certain tin mill products from Japan. See Antidumping or Countervailing Duty...

  17. An Ethical Climate is a Duty of Care

    OpenAIRE

    Anona Armstrong; Ronald D. Francis

    2014-01-01

    The current emergence, once again, of corporate collapses due in no small way to unethical behaviour raises questions about the duties and responsibilities of boards of major organisations for building an ethical organisation. This paper argues that the legal duty of care to employees extends to creating an ethical work environment. It describes different types of ethical climates, how they are recognised and the consequences of their impact on the behaviours of their members. It illustrates ...

  18. Duty Rosters and Workloads of Obstetricians in Germany: Results of a Germany-wide Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neimann, Johannes; Knabl, Julia; Puppe, Julian; Bayer, Christian Michael; Gass, Paul; Gabriel, Lena; Seelbach-Goebel, Birgit; Lermann, Johannes; Schott, Sarah

    2017-08-01

    Compiling a daily hospital roster which complies with existing laws and tariff regulations and meets the requirements for ongoing professional training while also taking the legal regulations on the health of employees into account makes planning the duty roster a challenge. The aim of this study was to obtain a realistic picture of existing duty roster systems and of the current workloads of obstetricians in Germany. This online survey was sent to 2770 physicians training to become obstetricians or specializing in specific areas of obstetric care. The survey consisted of an anonymized 95-item questionnaire which collected data on different types of duty roster systems and the workload of obstetricians in Germany for the period from 17.02.2015 to 16.05.2015. Out of a total of 2770 physicians who were contacted, 437 (16%) completed the questionnaire. Across all forms of care, the care provided outside normal working hours usually (75%) consisted of a combination of regular working times and on-call duty or even consisted entirely of standby duty. Level I perinatal centers were most likely 20% (n = 88) to have a shift system in place. Working a shift system was significantly more common in care facilities which had previously carried out a job analysis. The number of physicians in hospitals who are present during the night shift was higher in facilities with higher numbers of births and in facilities which offered higher levels of care. In addition to regularly working overtime and the fact that often not all the hours worked were recorded, it was notable that the systems used to compile duty rosters often did not comply with legal regulations or with collectively agreed working hours nor were they compatible with the staff planning requirements. The results of this study show that the conditions of work, the working times, and the organization of working times in obstetric departments are in need of improvement. Recording the actual times worked together with an

  19. Wi-Fi Coexistence with Duty Cycled LTE-U

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yimin Pang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Coexistence of Wi-Fi and LTE-Unlicensed (LTE-U technologies has drawn significant concern in industry. In this paper, we investigate the Wi-Fi performance in the presence of duty cycle based LTE-U transmission on the same channel. More specifically, one LTE-U cell and one Wi-Fi basic service set (BSS coexist by allowing LTE-U devices to transmit their signals only in predetermined duty cycles. Wi-Fi stations, on the other hand, simply contend the shared channel using the distributed coordination function (DCF protocol without cooperation with the LTE-U system or prior knowledge about the duty cycle period or duty cycle of LTE-U transmission. We define the fairness of the above scheme as the difference between Wi-Fi performance loss ratio (considering a defined reference performance and the LTE-U duty cycle (or function of LTE-U duty cycle. Depending on the interference to noise ratio (INR being above or below −62 dbm, we classify the LTE-U interference as strong or weak and establish mathematical models accordingly. The average throughput and average service time of Wi-Fi are both formulated as functions of Wi-Fi and LTE-U system parameters using probability theory. Lastly, we use the Monte Carlo analysis to demonstrate the fairness of Wi-Fi and LTE-U air time sharing.

  20. Estimation of the TeV gamma-ray duty cycle of Mrk 421 with the Milagro observatory

    CERN Document Server

    Patricelli, B; Fraija, N; Marinelli, A

    2014-01-01

    Markarian 421 (Mrk 421) is one the brightest and closest (z=0.031) blazars known (de Vaucouleurs et al 1991). It is also one of the fastest varying TeV $\\gamma$-ray sources, with a flaring activity on time scales as short as tens of minutes. The activity of Mrk 421 at different frequencies may reflect the radiation mechanisms involved. Tluczykont et al. (2007) estimated the TeV activity of Mrk 421 through calculating the fraction of time spent in flaring states at TeV energies (TeV duty cycle) by using data from several imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). Since IACT observations are biased towards high flux states they overestimated the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421. Here we propose an alternative approach to calculate the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421 that takes advantage of the continuous monitoring of the source by the Milagro experiment, a water Cherenkov detector sensitive to primary $\\gamma$-rays between 100 GeV and 100 TeV. We present our estimation of the TeV - duty cycle and study its robustnes...

  1. Estimation of the TeV gamma-ray duty cycle of Mrk 421 with the Milagro observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patricelli, B.; González, M. M.; Fraija, N.; Marinelli, A.

    2014-04-01

    Markarian 421 (Mrk 421) is one the brightest and closest (z = 0.031) blazars known (de Vaucouleurs et al., 1991 [1]). It is also one of the fastest varying TeV γ-ray sources, with a flaring activity on time scales as short as tens of minutes. The activity of Mrk 421 at different frequencies may reflect the radiation mechanisms involved. Tluczykont et al. (2007) [2] estimated the TeV activity of Mrk 421 through calculating the fraction of time spent in flaring states at TeV energies (TeV duty cycle) by using data from several imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs). Since IACT observations are biased towards high flux states they overestimated the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421. Here we propose an alternative approach to calculate the TeV duty cycle of Mrk 421 that takes advantage of the continuous monitoring of the source by the Milagro experiment, a water Cherenkov detector sensitive to primary γ-rays between 100 GeV and 100 TeV. We present our estimation of the TeV duty cycle and study its robustness.

  2. The ethical duty to preserve the quality of scientific information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arattano, Massimo; Gatti, Albertina; Eusebio, Elisa

    2016-04-01

    The commitment to communicate and divulge the knowledge acquired during his/her professional activity is certainly one of the ethical duties of the geologist. However nowadays, in the Internet era, the spreading of knowledge involves potential risks that the geologist should be aware of. These risks require a careful analysis aimed to mitigate their effects. The Internet may in fact contribute to spread (e.g. through websites like Wikipedia) information badly or even incorrectly presented. The final result could be an impediment to the diffusion of knowledge and a reduction of its effectiveness, which is precisely the opposite of the goal that a geologist should pursue. Specific criteria aimed to recognize incorrect or inadequate information would be, therefore, extremely useful. Their development and application might avoid, or at least reduce, the above mentioned risk. Ideally, such criteria could be also used to develop specific algorithms to automatically verify the quality of information available all over the Internet. A possible criterion will be here presented for the quality control of knowledge and scientific information. An example of its application in the field of geology will be provided, to verify and correct a piece of information available on the Internet. The proposed criterion could be also used for the simplification of the scientific information and the increase of its informative efficacy.

  3. Light Duty Utility Arm deployment in Tank WM-188

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patterson, M.W.

    1999-12-01

    The Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) was successfully deployed in Tank WM-188 during February and March of 1999 at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) tank farm at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Some equipment problems were identified, but most were indicative of any first time activity. Deployment during cold weather imposed additional equipment risks, but in general, equipment response to the winter conditions was better than expected. Three end effectors were demonstrated during the deployment. All performed as expected, although the limited resolution of the Alternating Current Field Measurement end effector cannot absolutely confirm tank integrity, which is necessary for future tank inspections. Four heel samples were taken with the sampler end effector and a broad spectrum of analyses were performed. A detailed inspection of the tank interior was performed with the High Resolution Stereo Video System end effector. The sample information is proving invaluable to the development of new treatment flowsheets and waste forms. It is expected that the LDUA will be deployed for tank inspections through the next several years to support other Notice of Non-Compliance (NON) Consent Order requirements and several other ongoing initiatives.

  4. Light Duty Utility Arm Deployment in Tank WM-188

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patterson, Michael W

    2000-01-01

    The Light Duty Utility Arm (LDUA) was successfully deployed in Tank WM-188 during February and March of 1999 at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) tank farm at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Some equipment problems were identified, but most were indicative of any first time activity. Deployment during cold weather imposed additional equipment risks, but in general, equipment response to the winter conditions was better than expected. Three end effectors were demonstrated during the deployment. All performed as expected, although the limited resolution of the Alternating Current Field Measurement end effector cannot absolutely confirm tank integrity, which is necessary for future tank inspections. Four heel samples were taken with the sampler end effector and a broad spectrum of analyses were performed. A detailed inspection of the tank interior was performed with the High Resolution Stereo Video System end effector. The sample information is proving invaluable to the development of new treatment flowsheets and waste forms. It is expected that the LDUA will be deployed for tank inspections through the next several years to support other Notice of NonCompliance (NON) Consent Order requirements and several other ongoing initiatives.

  5. Por que Kant escreve duas introduções para a crítica da faculdade do juízo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Perin

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A busca de uma função sistemática para a Crítica da faculdade do juízo frente à autossuficiência dos domínios teórico e prático da razão, que é o resultado que a filosofia crítica kantiana alcança no final da década de 1780 na argumentação da segunda Crítica, suscita a necessidade de um empreendimento que possa garantir a "conexão" (Verknüpfung ou o "meio de ligação" (Verbindungsmittel desses domínios. Vale dizer que as duas primeiras críticas garantem a natureza e a liberdade como duas legalidades determinantes apenas no âmbito inerente aos seus domínios próprios. Assim sendo, a terceira Crítica atesta agora um "grande abismo" entre o domínio teórico e o domínio prático da razão. No presente trabalho objetiva-se reconstruir a argumentação das duas introduções da Crítica da faculdade do juízo sustentando que a percepção da necessidade de um novo texto para a introdução da obra está intrinsecamente ligada ao peso sistemático da abordagem do problema da possibilidade de uma passagem (Übergang entre o domínio teórico da legalidade da natureza e o domínio prático da legalidade da liberdade.In face of the self-sufficiency of the theoretical and practical domains of reason, which is the outcome reached by the critical philosophy at the end of the 1780s in the second Critique's argumentation, the search for a systematic function for the Critique of the Power of Judgment calls for an enterprise accomplishing the connection (Verknüpfung or the means for combining (Verbindungsmittel these domains. Nature and freedom are guaranteed by the first two critiques as determining legalities only within their own domains. The third Critique is therefore able to attest to a "great gulf" between the theoretical and practical domains of reason. By reconstructing the argumentation of both introductions to the Critique of the Power of Judgment, the paper defends that the systemic weight given to the consideration of

  6. 2006 Gender Relations of Active-Duty Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    37 15. Percent of Women Who Indicated Circumstances of Threats or Physical Force in Unwanted Sexual ...of Threats or Physical Force in Unwanted Sexual Contact, by Paygrade............................................................................42 17...18. Percent of Service Members Who Indicated Threats or Physical Force in Unwanted Sexual Contact, by Gender

  7. An Analysis of Generational Differences Among Active Duty Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    studied differences between Baby Boomers (born 1946 – 1964), Generation Xers (born 1965 – 1977), and Millenials (born 1978 – 1995). They found that work ...that different generations have different attitudes toward work , organizations, and co-workers. Clearly, these observed differences have...characteristics and tested using a questionnaire that includes 77 items to assess general work attitudes, attitudes towards job and organization

  8. House Divided: The Splitting of Active Duty Civil Affairs Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Political Option Open to Insurgents HOST NATION 35 Taking the RAND listing into account SOF forces most closely align to the needs of a micro -insurgent...rather than just the Violencia and all else that follows. This gives a transitional insight to the formations of the various groups of this period

  9. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-09

    Steelman 2, Krista G. Austin 1,3 and Harris R. Lieberman 1 1 Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine...443-752-3350 Received: 8 August 2016; Accepted: 28 September 2016; Published: 9 October 2016 Abstract: Data from the National Health and Nutrition ...medications, weight control aids, and otherover-the-counter medications that contain caffeine Other drink Flavored waters, hot chocolate , chocolate

  10. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph J. Knapik

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women. The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users were coffee (65%, colas (54%, teas (40%, and energy drinks (28%. Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day was higher.

  11. 2011 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    curanderismo) n. Biofeedback o. Hypnosis (self or led by practitioner) p. Art/ music therapy q. Self-help group r. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy s...233 Figure 6.D: Suicidal Ideation, Self-Injury, and High Depression Symptoms, by Level of Combat Exposure...Sociodemographic Characteristics and Service .......................... 214 Table 5.18 : High Depression Level, by Sociodemographic Characteristics and Service

  12. Absenteeism Among Air Force Active Duty and Civilian Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    address monetary incentives in relation to absence Frequency and this is an area For Future investigation. Central life interest is also a promising area...8217 -:Department of the Air Force. Leave and Administrative Absence Policu . AFR 35-9. Washington DC: Hq USAF, 7Aug 1981. Dubin, Robert and Lyman W

  13. Caffeine use among active duty US Army soldiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Harris R; Stavinoha, Trisha; McGraw, Susan; White, Alan; Hadden, Louise; Marriott, Bernadette P

    2012-06-01

    Eighty-percent of the US adult population regularly consumes caffeine, but limited information is available on the extent and patterns of use. Caffeine use is a public health issue and its risks and benefits are regularly considered in scientific literature and the lay media. Recently, new caffeine-containing products have been introduced and are widely available on Army bases and are added to rations to maintain cognitive performance. This study surveyed caffeine consumption and demographic characteristics in 990 US Army soldiers. Data were weighted by age, sex, rank, and Special Forces status. Total caffeine intake and intake from specific products were estimated. Logistic regression was used to examine relationships between caffeine use and soldier demographic and lifestyle characteristics. Eighty-two percent of soldiers consumed caffeine at least once a week. Mean daily caffeine consumption was 285 mg/day (347 mg/day among regular caffeine consumers). Male soldiers consumed, on average, 303 mg/day and females 163 mg/day (regular consumers: 365 mg/day for male soldiers, 216 mg/day for female soldiers). Coffee was the main source of caffeine intake. Among young males, energy drinks were the largest source of caffeine intake, but their intake was not greater than older males. Regression analysis indicated an association of higher caffeine intake with male sex, white race, and tobacco use (P<0.01). Most soldiers consume caffeine in levels accepted as safe, but some consume greater quantities than recommended, although definitive information on safe upper limits of caffeine intake is not available. Labels of caffeine-containing products should provide caffeine content so individuals can make informed decisions.

  14. Parenting Stress After Deployment in Navy Active Duty Fathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yablonsky, Abigail M; Yan, Guofen; Bullock, Linda

    2016-08-01

    Military fathers are being deployed, and leaving their families, for greater lengths of time and more frequently than ever before. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of recent deployment on parenting stress in U.S. Navy fathers with young children. Of the 111 participants who completed the one-time study questionnaire at a large military outpatient clinic on the Eastern seaboard, 67.6% had returned from a ship-based deployment. Regression analyses were performed, using the Parenting Stress Index as the outcome variable, deployment elements (such as time away from home in the past 5 years) as predictors, and adjusting for other factors such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Higher perceived threat and greater warfare exposure were both associated with increased parenting stress (p < 0.05) in the unadjusted model. These associations were greatly attenuated and no longer significant after adjustment for depression. In addition, rates of positive screens for PTSD and depression (17.1%) in this sample were higher than in other recent studies. In summary, these data indicate that various deployment factors are associated with increased parenting stress in Navy fathers back from deployment within the past year; these relationships are largely explained by depressive symptoms. Clinical implications are discussed.

  15. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Trone, Daniel W; McGraw, Susan; Steelman, Ryan A; Austin, Krista G; Lieberman, Harris R

    2016-10-09

    Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs) completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women). The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users) were coffee (65%), colas (54%), teas (40%), and energy drinks (28%). Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week) included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day) was higher.

  16. Incidence and Duration of Breastfeedings in Active Duty Military Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Birth. 11. 17-20. Auerbach, Kathleen G. (1990). Assisting the employed breastfeeding mother. Journal of Nurse- Midwifery . 35. (1) 26-34. Auerbach...Public Health. 76. (3) 238-239. Bürgin, Karen (1996). Defining terminology for improved breastfeeding research. Journal of Nurse- Midwifery . 41. (3...with combining breastfeeding and employment. Journal of Nurse- Midwifery . 38. (5) 257-66. Houston, M.J., Howie, P.W., Smart, L., McArdle, T

  17. Use of Alternative Therapies by Active Duty Air Force Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-05-13

    are led by lay people. Table I Healing Matrix Orthodox Marginal Alternative Physical Surgery Chiropractic Rolfing Cranial-sacral Manipulation...and. finally chiropractic therapy (9) . Commercial weight loss programs and self-help groups were also used by the respondents. Symptoms for which...mainstream of conventional medicine. These unconventional or alternative therapies include treatments by chiropractors, acupuncturists, herbal therapists , and

  18. Intervención nutricional en un Grupo de Ayuda Mutua del municipio de "El Rosario", Oaxaca de Juárez, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Soledad Jiménez-León

    Full Text Available Introducción: los grupos de ayuda mutua se forman con la finalidad de atender a adultos mayores con problemas crónicos-degenerativos. La organización y participación activa de los integrantes favorece la intervención del nutriólogo y, por ende, cambios en el estilo de vida de los participantes, sobrellevando de mejor manera sus vidas. Objetivo: intervenir nutricionalmente en individuos del Grupo de Ayuda Mutua del Centro de Salud C-2, "El Rosario" de Oaxaca de Juárez, México. Material y métodos: se trató de un estudio observacional, descriptivo, analítico y longitudinal, llevado a cabo desde noviembre/2014 hasta julio/2015, evaluando el estado nutricional antes y después de la intervención, buscando la correlación entre índice de masa corporal (IMC, glucosa capilar, hemoglobina glicada con las consultas-talleres brindadas. Resultados: la muestra trabajada fue de 15 participantes del Grupo de Ayuda Mutua con un promedio de edad de 55,26 años, con un IMC de 28,74 kg/cm², glucosa capilar de 218,66 mg/dl y una hemoglobina glicada de 10,43%. Al finalizar la intervención se correlacionaron entre sí mediante Spearman, dando como resultado el valor de 1, es decir, una correlación positiva perfecta. Conclusión: el nutriólogo juega hoy en día un papel importante en el hecho de atender enfermedades crónico-degenerativas, a través del seguimiento en consultas y talleres propuestos. Los grupos de ayuda mutua día a día se posicionan como una estrategia en la línea educativa para mejorar el control de las enfermedades.

  19. de la industria maquiladora para la exportación en Ciudad Juárez: una solución factorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Hernández Gómez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados de un estudio efectuado a personal rela - cionado con el proceso de implantación del Mantenimiento Productivo Total (MPT en empresas de la industria maquiladora de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México. Se aplicó un Análisis Factorial para identificar los Factores Críticos de Éxito (FCE vinculados con la implantación del MPT. El artículo inicia con la revisión del estado del arte que se llevó a cabo para la identificación de los FCE, los cuales están organizados en aspectos estratégi - cos y administrativos, del desarrollo del recurso humano y técnicos propios del MPT. Con esta información se construyó un instrumento para determinar los FCE en las plantas. La tercera sección describe la metodología, se valida el cuestionario y se justifica la aplicación de las pruebas estadísticas y el Análisis Factorial. La cuarta sección presenta los resultados, iniciando con la descripción del muestreo, conformado por 306 sujetos vinculados con la implantación del MPT. Se identificaron nueve factores críticos de éxito relacionados con la implantación efectiva del MPT, y se discuten sus efectos. Derechos Reservados©2015 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Contaduría y Administración. Este es un artículo de acceso abierto distribuido bajo los términos de la Licencia Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

  20. Concurrent sexual partnerships among female sex workers and their non-commercial male partners in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Angela M.; Syvertsen, Jennifer L.; Rangel, M. Gudelia; Staines, Hugo S.; Morris, Martina; Patterson, Thomas L.; Ulibarri, Monica D.; Strathdee, Steffanie A.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the prevalence and correlates of concurrent (overlapping) sexual partnerships among female sex workers (FSWs) and their non-commercial male partners in two Mexico-U.S. border cities. Methods A cross-sectional survey of FSWs and their non-commercial male partners was conducted in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico (2010–2011). Eligible FSWs and verified non-commercial partners were aged ≥18 years; FSWs had ever used hard drugs (lifetime) and recently exchanged sex for money, drugs, or other goods (past month). Participants underwent baseline questionnaires obtaining dates of sex and condom use with ≤5 other recurring partners, including FSWs’ regular clients. These dates were compared to dates of sex with enrolled study partners to determine overlap (i.e., “recurring” concurrency). Bivariate probit regression identified recurring concurrency correlates. Results Among 428 individuals (214 couples), past-year recurring concurrency prevalence was 16% and was higher among women than their non-commercial male partners (26% vs. 6%). In 10 couples (5%), both partners reported recurring concurrency. The majority of couples (64%) always had unprotected sex, and most of the individuals (70%) with recurring concurrency “sometimes” or “never” used condoms with their concurrent partners. Recurring concurrency was positively associated with FSWs’ income, men’s caballerismo (a form of traditional masculinity), and men’s belief that their FSW-partners had STIs. Conclusions Recurring concurrency, representing sustained periods of overlapping partnerships in which unprotected sex was common, should be addressed by couple-based STI prevention interventions. PMID:23172036

  1. La estructura urbana y las diferencias espaciales en el tiempo de traslado del viaje al trabajo en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César M. Fuentes Flores

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar las diferencias intraurbanas en los tiempos de traslado del viaje al trabajo en transporte público y privado, asociado a variables de uso del suelo (razón empleo/viviendas, densidad de población, valor del suelo, a características socioeconómicas (proporción de población con ingreso bajo y alto, y a la tenencia de la vivienda (proporción de viviendas propias y rentadas en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. Las variables fueron construidas con información de la Encuesta de Origen-Destino 1997 (IMIP, el XII Censo de Ppoblación y Vivienda 2000 (INEEGI y el XIII Censo Económico 1999 (INEEGI a nivel de AGEB. El análisis se realizó mediante la construcción de cuatro modelos de regresión que se estimaron mediante la técnica de mínimos cuadrados ordinarios. Los resultados muestran que las variables razón empleo/viviendas, valor del suelo, y proporción de viviendas rentadas son estadísticamente significativas para explicar menores tiempos de traslado en transporte público. En contraste, la densidad de población y la proporción de viviendas propias son estadísticamente significativas para explicar menores tiempos de traslado en transporte público. La proporción de población de bajos ingresos es estadísticamente significativa para explicar los cambios en los tiempos de traslado en transporte privado.

  2. Prevalencia de asma y otras enfermedades alérgicas en niños escolares de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barraza-Villarreal Albino

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la prevalencia y severidad del asma, de la rinitis y del eczema en escolares. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal efectuado entre abril de 1998 y mayo de 1999 en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México, a una muestra aleatoria de 6 174 niños de 53 escuelas. Se aplicó la metodología propuesta por el International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC (etapas 1 y 2 para determinar la prevalencia y severidad del asma, rinitis y eczema. La información de prevalencia, tanto actual como acumulada para dichos padecimientos, se obtuvo mediante un cuestionario ya estandarizado y contestado por los padres de los niños. El diseño de la muestra se hizo por un muestreo mixto, en el cual se estratificó por nivel de contaminación ambiental. Se estimaron prevalencias actual y acumulada estratificando por grupo de edad, sexo, área e historia familiar de asma. Resultados. La prevalencia acumulada de asma por diagnóstico médico y sibilancia (silbidos fue de 6.8% (IC95% 6.2-7.4 y 20.% (IC95% 19.7-21.8, respectivamente; la prevalencia de sibilancia en los últimos 12 meses fue mayor en el grupo de 6-8 años que en el de 11-14 años(9.7% contra 5.8% (phttp://www.insp.mx/salud/index.html

  3. Concept and Features of Arrester Operating Duty Test in the Japanese Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishibe, Shinji; Ishizaki, Yoshihiro; Watanabe, Hideto; Kobayashi, Misao; Shirakawa, Shingo; Yuasa, Sadayuki; Nishimura, Seisuke

    The Japanese Electrotechnical Committee (JEC) of surge arresters has made great efforts to establish several new standards of metal-oxide surge arresters (MOSA), because the dramatic and continuous advance in the MOSA technology over the last 30 years required the new and improved test methods in succession. In the study to establish these standards, how to evaluate the MOSA performance against the energy duties has been usually the main topic because the energy duties are significantly related to the size of zinc-oxide elements and the construction of MOSA. This paper describes the concept and features of arrester operating duty tests in the JEC standards comparing with that in the standard of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and also mentions the points at issues to be studied in the future which is common to both the JEC and IEC standards. The continuous study on the improvement of the standards is required in cooperation with the activities of IEC and the Internaltional Council on Large Electric Systems (CIGRE: Conseil International des Grands Reseaux Electriques) taking into account of the latest world trend and the state-of-the-art technologies.

  4. Shared experiences of CRNAs who were on duty in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geisz-Everson, Marjorie A; Dodd-McCue, Dianne; Bennett, Marsha

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this focused ethnography was to describe the shared experiences of certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) who were on duty in New Orleans, Louisiana, during Hurricane Katrina as well as to elucidate the psychosocial impact the storm had on them. Ten CRNAs participated in 1 of 3 focus groups that were audio recorded. The audio recordings were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative data analysis computer software (NVivo 8, QSR International, Melbourne, Australia). Six major themes emerged from the study: caught off guard; sense of duty; uncertainty/powerlessness/frustration; group identity and cohesiveness; anger; and life-changing event. The themes represented how the CRNAs appraised and coped with the stressful events surrounding Hurricane Katrina. The psychosocial impact of Hurricane Katrina on the CRNAs resulted mainly in short-term sleep disturbances and increased drinking. Only 2 CRNAs expressed long-term psychosocial effects from the storm. The results of this study should be used to guide policies regarding disaster activation of CRNAs, to educate CRNAs on preparing for disaster duty, and to provide a framework for future disaster studies regarding CRNAs.

  5. The rights and duties of post-adolescent daughters: Daughters' and parents' accounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuhar Metka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the conceptualisation and negotiation of post-adolescent daughters' rights and duties in their families of origin. More and more young Europeans and particularly many young Slovenians are staying with their parents in the post-adolescence period (and even later or come home from their university city every weekend. This means that two adult generations live together in the same household; so they have to negotiate the rights and duties of the younger generation in different areas, from very personal domains (e.g. appearance to more far-reaching life decisions (e.g. the post-study life situation, moving out of the parental home. The study provides at least a partial insight into the processes involved in the negotiation of rights and duties in families with post-adolescent daughters. The data stem from semi-structured interviews conducted in autumn 2006 in Slovenia with 70 first-born post-adolescent girls and both of their biological parents. The respondents answered closed- and open-ended questions referring to four vignettes suggesting controversial situations. The answers allow a view of the conceptualisations of post-adolescents' rights and duties, the distribution of decision-making power and the way of dealing with such situations. The results show that post-adolescent daughters are very dependent on their parents in various areas. It turned out that the contemporary Slovenian family with post-adolescent daughters is prepared to negotiate: patterns of intrafamilial communication range from the traditionally grounded commanding pattern where children have to obey unequivocally (but less than 10% of parents resort to the bare use of authority, to an open, active negotiation pattern where the balance of power is more equal and the achievement of consensus is very important.

  6. Evaluación del programa de médico cirujano del Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez Assessment of the medical surgeon program of the Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Cataño-Calatayud

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de mejorar la calidad académica del programa de médico cirujano del Instituto de Ciencias de Biomédicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez (UACJ, en México, se modificó la manera de evaluar a los graduados. El programa de médico cirujano comprendía tres procesos de evaluación, que se utilizaron durante el periodo 2006-2008 para conocer la pertinencia, eficacia y eficiencia de la formación profesional de sus graduados: el promedio general de salida (PGS y el examen profesional ante pacientes (EPAP, evaluados por la UACJ, y el examen general para el obtención de la licenciatura (EGEL, evaluado por el Centro Nacional de Evaluación para la Educación Superior (CENEVAL. Se emplearon los procesos de evaluación con el fin de obtener un mejor perfil del grado. Se obtuvo una correlación entre el PGS y el EPAP, pero no con el EGEL, el cual tuvo una diferencia porcentual apreciable respecto a los otros dos procesos. Mientras que el EPAP reflejó los conocimientos obtenidos a lo largo del programa (comparado con el PGS, el EGEL mostró una diferencia marcada, probablemente, al evaluar con diversas puntuaciones las diferentes disciplinas del programa.In order to improve the program of surgeon of the Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez (UACJ the graduate evaluating procedure was modified. Three processes were selected for evaluation by the medical surgeon program during the period 2006-2008 to determine the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of its graduates, which are: the overall grade point average (GPA and the professional medical exam (PME taken with real patients at a hospital, evaluated by the UACJ, and the general exam for graduates (GEG, evaluated by the National Center for the Evaluation of Higher Education (CENEVAL. The evaluation processes were used in order to get a better graduate profile. Correlation was obtained between the GPA and the PME but not with the

  7. Diversidad del género Amanita en dos áreas con diferente condición silvícola en Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, México Diversity of the genus Amanita in two areas with different forestry management in Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Villanueva-Jiménez

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la diversidad de especies de Amanita presentes en dos áreas de bosque de Pinus-Quercus con diferente manejo silvícola en la comunidad de Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca. Las recolectas se realizaron durante una temporada de lluvias, obteniéndose un total de 107 ejemplares que corresponden a 36 especies, de las cuales 21 pertenecen al subgénero Amanita y 15 al subgénero Lepidella; 14 nuevos registros son para el estado de Oaxaca y 19 para la comunidad de Ixtlán en particular. La abundancia de especies estuvo correlacionada con la precipitación y condiciones ecológicas. 20 especies fructificaron sólo una vez; las más frecuentes fueron Amanita flavoconia var. inquinata , A. flavoconia var. flavoconia, A. flavoconia var. sinapicolor, A. virosa, A. xylinivolva, A .muscaria var. flavivolvata y A. arocheae. Los resultados muestran la necesidad de continuar los estudios en la comunidad de Ixtlán donde especies poco frecuentes de Amanita y otros datos ecológicos podrán conocerse.The diversity of Amanita species occurring in two areas of Pinus-Quercus forest with different management, in the community of Ixtlán de Juárez, Oaxaca, was studied. The samples were collected during the wet season. The 107 specimens collected correspond to 36 species, 21 belonging to the subgenus Amanita and 15 to the subgenus Lepidella; 14 represent first records in Oaxaca state and 19 to Ixtlán of Juarez County in particular. The abundance of species within a year was correlated with the precipitation and ecological conditions. Twenty species appeared once and the most frequent were: Amanita flavoconia var. sinapicolor, A. flavoconia var. flavoconia, A. virosa, A. flavoconia var. inquinata, A. xylinivolva, A .muscaria var. flavivolvata y A. arocheae. These findings encourage for further studies in the community of Ixtlán, where infrequent species of Amanita and other ecological data may be obtained.

  8. Pulse width control loop as a duty cycle corrector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Goran

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The clock distribution and generation circuitry forms a critical component of current synchronous digital systems. A digital system’s clocks must have not only low jitter, low skew, but also well-controlled duty cycle in order to facilitate versatile clocking techniques. In high-speed CMOS clock buffer design, the duty cycle of a clock is liable to be changed when the clock passes through a multistage buffer because the circuit is not pure digital [8]. In this paper, we propose a pulse width control loop referred as MPWCL (modified pulse width control loop that adopts the same architecture as the conventional PWCL, but with a new pulse generator and new charge pump circuit as a constituent of the duty cycle detector. Thanks to using new building blocks the proposed pulse width control loop can control the duty cycle in a wide range, and what is more important it becomes operative in saturation region too, what provides conditional for fast locking time. For 1.2 µm double-metal double-poly CMOS process with Vdd = 5 V and operating frequency of 133 MHz, results of SPICE simulation show that the duty cycle can be well controlled in the range from 20 % up to 80 % if the loop parameters are properly chosen.

  9. Evolution of high duty cycle echolocation in bats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenton, M Brock; Faure, Paul A; Ratcliffe, John M

    2012-09-01

    Duty cycle describes the relative 'on time' of a periodic signal. In bats, we argue that high duty cycle (HDC) echolocation was selected for and evolved from low duty cycle (LDC) echolocation because increasing call duty cycle enhanced the ability of echolocating bats to detect, lock onto and track fluttering insects. Most echolocators (most bats and all birds and odontocete cetaceans) use LDC echolocation, separating pulse and echo in time to avoid forward masking. They emit short duration, broadband, downward frequency modulated (FM) signals separated by relatively long periods of silence. In contrast, bats using HDC echolocation emit long duration, narrowband calls dominated by a single constant frequency (CF) separated by relatively short periods of silence. HDC bats separate pulse and echo in frequency by exploiting information contained in Doppler-shifted echoes arising from their movements relative to background objects and their prey. HDC echolocators are particularly sensitive to amplitude and frequency glints generated by the wings of fluttering insects. We hypothesize that narrowband/CF calls produced at high duty cycle, and combined with neurobiological specializations for processing Doppler-shifted echoes, were essential to the evolution of HDC echolocation because they allowed bats to detect, lock onto and track fluttering targets. This advantage was especially important in habitats with dense vegetation that produce overlapping, time-smeared echoes (i.e. background acoustic clutter). We make four specific, testable predictions arising from this hypothesis.

  10. O realismo jurídico como pragmatismo: a retórica da tese realista de que direito é o que os juízes dizem que é direito

    OpenAIRE

    de Melo Freitas, Lorena

    2009-01-01

    A tese tem como tema o realismo jurídico norte-americano. Defende-se que esta corrente se insere no pensamento jurídico como representante do pragmatismo filosófico ao considerar que direito é o que os juízes dizem que é direito. Esta tese do realismo é o objeto de estudo no presente trabalho a ser estudado com o recurso metodológico da retórica. Por meio da retórica material ou existencial se identificará o ambiente do Clube metafísico de Boston com vistas a se investigar a...

  11. Programa de capacitación laboral en producción y emprendedurismo agroecológico en el Municipio de Estación Juárez Celman, Córdoba

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    En el marco de un acuerdo de cooperación entre INTA – Pro Huerta y el Municipio Estación Juárez Celman (EJC) se inicia una experiencia piloto en diciembre de 2014 con programas de entrenamientos laborales del Ministerio de Trabajo de la Nación. En el primer curso se capacitaron a 36 jóvenes con interés en iniciar un emprendimiento propio de producción agroecológica (alimentos frescos, conservas, panificación o pastas, lombri-compuestos, flores y jardinería, servicios, entre otros). Consta de:...

  12. Redes empresariales en el sector turismo y servicios para la mejora de competitividad en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México: caso Parque Central Hermanos Escobar y PYMES aledañas

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación, muestra la cooperación y relación que existe entre las pequeñas y medianas empresas (Pymes) del sector turismo y servicios circunvecinos al Parque Central Hermanos Escobar (PCHE) en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (CJS), y su colaboración con este último. Se destacan las relaciones derivadas entre empresas y actores de la zona bajo el marco de la competitividad. En los resultados se presenta la red informal existente, así como la red que se generaría si estas empr...

  13. 75 FR 81952 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Engines and...--Proposed Vocational Diesel Engine Standards Over the Heavy-Duty FTP Cycle Medium Model year Standard Light... Light heavy-duty Medium heavy-duty Heavy heavy-duty Fuel Consumption Baseline (gallon/1,000 ton-mile...

  14. Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Field Evaluations (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walkowicz, K.

    2014-06-01

    This presentation discusses field evaluations of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles performed by NREL. The project provides medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) test results, aggregated data, and detailed analysis, including 3rd party unbiased data (data that would not normally be shared by industry in an aggregated and detailed manner). Over 5.6 million miles of advanced technology MD and HD truck data have been collected, documented, and analyzed on over 240 different vehicles since 2002. Data, analysis, and reports are shared within DOE, national laboratory partners, and industry for R&D planning and strategy. The results help guide R&D for new technology development, help define intelligent usage of newly developed technology, and help fleets/users understand all aspects of advanced technology.

  15. Family victim advocates: the importance of critical job duties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa H. Young

    Full Text Available Child advocacy centers across the United States intervened in more than 250,000 child abuse cases in 2011(National Children's Alliance, 2012. Understanding the work of family victim advocates is imperative to helping children and families in child abuse cases. In this exploratory study, we surveyed advocates and program directors from child advocacy centers (CACs across the United States to compare their perceptions of the critical job duties of family victim advocates. Data analysis revealed that CAC directors rated the importance of these duties significantly higher than family victim advocates. Results suggest the need for additional training to ensure that family victim advocates understand the importance of critical job duties to meet the needs of children and families in child abuse cases.

  16. Catalog of selected heavy duty transport energy management models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colello, R. G.; Boghani, A. B.; Gardella, N. C.; Gott, P. G.; Lee, W. D.; Pollak, E. C.; Teagan, W. P.; Thomas, R. G.; Snyder, C. M.; Wilson, R. P., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    A catalog of energy management models for heavy duty transport systems powered by diesel engines is presented. The catalog results from a literature survey, supplemented by telephone interviews and mailed questionnaires to discover the major computer models currently used in the transportation industry in the following categories: heavy duty transport systems, which consist of highway (vehicle simulation), marine (ship simulation), rail (locomotive simulation), and pipeline (pumping station simulation); and heavy duty diesel engines, which involve models that match the intake/exhaust system to the engine, fuel efficiency, emissions, combustion chamber shape, fuel injection system, heat transfer, intake/exhaust system, operating performance, and waste heat utilization devices, i.e., turbocharger, bottoming cycle.

  17. Mineralogická charakteristika apatitu z bazaltových maarov na južnom Slovensku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ondrej Nemec

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Products of alkaline basaltic volcanism extend from the Lučenec Basin and Cerová Highland to the northern Hungary. Volcanic activity in this area has created a large number of volcanic forms. This paper describes apatite from heavy mineral assemblages recovered from volcanoclastic infillings of maars and diatremes. Euhedral to subhedral crystal fragments of apatite with variable colour represented approximately 2% of heavy mineral assemblages. A total of 27 apatite samples from Hodejov, Fiľakovo – Castle Hill and Jelšovec maars, the Hajnáčka diatreme and from recently discovered maar structure near Gemerské Dechtáre village have been analysed using electron microprobe and Raman spectroscopy. Amount of substitution in diagrams Ca/100-Mn-Fe, S/100-P-Si and Fe-Ce-Mn sites correspond to the apatite from mafic magmatic rocks. A middle range of the Tetrahedral Substitution Index (TSI between 0.63 and 7.56 is consistent with the apatites from alkaline magmatic rocks. These findings corroborate magmatic origin of apatite and its crystallization from alkaline basaltic parental magma.

  18. Wi-Fi Coexistence with Duty Cycled LTE-U

    OpenAIRE

    Pang, Yimin; Babaei, Alireza; Andreoli-Fang, Jennifer; Hamzeh, Belal

    2016-01-01

    Coexistence of Wi-Fi and LTE-Unlicensed (LTE-U) technologies has drawn significant concern in industry. In this paper, we investigate the Wi-Fi performance in the presence of duty cycle based LTE-U transmission on the same channel. More specifically, one LTE-U cell and one Wi-Fi basic service set (BSS) coexist by allowing LTE-U devices transmit their signals only in predetermined duty cycles. Wi-Fi stations, on the other hand, simply contend the shared channel using the distributed coordinati...

  19. An Ethical Climate is a Duty of Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anona Armstrong

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The current emergence, once again, of corporate collapses due in no small way to unethical behaviour raises questions about the duties and responsibilities of boards of major organisations for building an ethical organisation. This paper argues that the legal duty of care to employees extends to creating an ethical work environment. It describes different types of ethical climates, how they are recognised and the consequences of their impact on the behaviours of their members. It illustrates this with some of the findings from our research into measuring ethics and ethical decision making. In conclusion, it identifies the key factors that boards should address to promote a desirable ethical climate.

  20. Light Duty Utility Arm computer software configuration management plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philipp, B.L.

    1998-09-14

    This plan describes the configuration management for the Light Duty Utility Arm robotic manipulation arm control software. It identifies the requirement, associated documents, and the software control methodology. The Light Duty Utility Ann (LDUA) System is a multi-axis robotic manipulator arm and deployment vehicle, used to perform surveillance and characterization operations in support of remediation of defense nuclear wastes currently stored in the Hanford Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) through the available 30.5 cm (12 in.) risers. This plan describes the configuration management of the LDUA software.