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Sample records for jouko marjonen arto

  1. Magnetic resonance arthrography in chronic wrist pain. Artografia con Risonanza Magnetica (arto-RM) nelle malattie dolorose croniche del polso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valeri, G.; Ferrara, C. (Ancona Univ. (Italy). Cattedra di Radiologia); Carloni, S. (Ancona Univ. (Italy). Cattedra di Ortopedia) (and others)

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the clinical role of Magnetic Resonance Arthrography (MRA) of the wrist in subjects with chronic pain. Thirty-five patients complaining of wrist pain for more than 6 months were submitted to MRI an MRA. All patients received and intra-articular injection of 2-10 mL of a 10 mmol saline solution of Gd-DPTA. The overall diagnostic accuracy rates of MRI and MRA were 40% and 81% respectively, with sensitivity and specificity of 63% and 39% (MRI) and of 82% and 79% (MRA). The conclusion is that compared with MRI, MRA can be considered a useful tool for the visualization of interosseus carpal ligaments and of the triangular fibrocartilage complex. MRA also helps detect injuries in these structures.

  2. Working-time regimes and work-life balance in Europe / Timo Anttila, Toimi Oinas, Mia Tammelin, Jouko Nätti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse töötingimusi suuresti määravat ajalist ja ruumilist paindlikkust ja nende seost töö- ja eraelu tasakaalustatusega. Aluseks Euroopa töötingimuste uuringu (2010) 25 liikmesriigi (sh Eesti) andmed

  3. Il sistema calpaina/calpastatina in 3 muscoli dell’arto pelvico di struzzo African Black. Studio istochimico, immunoistochimico e morfometrico

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez De Ayala, Diego

    2006-01-01

    In the present research a description of the pelvic limb musculature of ostrich (African Black) was given. Muscle tissues were obtained from three muscles namely: Gastrocnemius pars externa, Tibialis .cranialis caput tibiale, Tbialis cranialis caput femorale. Haematoxilin-eosin technique was used to verify the morphologic aspect of the tissues (fibers integrity). The histochemical results revealed the presence of three fibre types only in the gastrocnemus pars extena uscle : slow-twitch o...

  4. Prevenzione attraverso l'attività motoria compensativa in lavoratori a rischio di patologie muscolo-scheletriche dell'arto superiore e del collo

    OpenAIRE

    Rasotto, Chiara

    2013-01-01

    Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) represent a considerable public health problem in industrialized societies. In the last 5-year, data highlighted a 158% increase on such diseases. In general, physical activity has been showed a useful tool to prevent musculoskeletal disorders; for these reasons, in 2009, the Italian Workers' Compensation Authority (INAIL: Istituto Nazionale per l’Assicurazione contro gli Infortuni sul Lavoro), in partnership of University of Padua, f...

  5. Partei tuhandete ja enda kommiraha eest 462 häält / Anna-Maria Galojan ; interv. Rainer Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu parlamendivalimistel osalenud politoloogiamagistrant Anna-Maria Galojaniga tema osalemisest valimistel. Vt. samas: Kes on Anna-Maria Galojan? Küsimustele vastab Reformierakonna kampaaniajuht Arto Aas

  6. Kuus kandidaati Finlandia auhinnale : [Elisabeth Nordgreni ettekandest] / Rein Põder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põder, Rein, 1943-

    1995-01-01

    Joenpelto, Eeva. Kohtunik Müller (1994.a. Finlandia preemia); Fagerholm, Monika. Kaunid naised rannal; Rintala, Paavo. Maria armastus; Turkka, Jouko. Häbi; Kiiskinen, Jyrki. Soomees; Lander, Leena. Las tulla torm

  7. Käsitlusi ingerisoomlaste kannatusteest / Taisto-Kalevi Raudalainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudalainen, Taisto-Kalevi

    2005-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Gildi, Leonid. Sudba "sotsialno opasnogo" naroda. Sankt-Peterburg, 2003 ; Sihvo, Jouko. Inkerin kansan 60 kohtalon vuotta. Helsinki, 2000 ; Konkka, Unelma. Oma maa omenakukka, vieras maa veripunainen. Petroskoi, 2003

  8. Turkka, Nokia-Ollila ja Rosa Luxemburg / Tambet Kaugema

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaugema, Tambet

    2001-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatris esietendus Jouko Turkka näidend "Connecting people", lavastaja Erik Söderblom Soomest, kunstnik Liina Keevallik. Esietendus 15. jaan. Arvamusi lavastusest avaldavad ka kultuuritoimetaja Valle-Sten Maiste, meediaärimees Rein Lang ja teatrijuht Peeter Jalakas

  9. Ääremärkusi ingerisoomlaste kohta / Mihkel Veiderma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veiderma, Mihkel, 1929-

    2005-01-01

    Väitlus T.-K. Raudalaineni artikliga: Käsitlusi ingerisoomlaste kannatusteest (Akadeemia, 2005, nr. 1, lk. 171-195), mis omakorda on retsensioon raamatutele Gildi, L. Sudba "sotsialno opasnogo" naroda. Sankt-Peterburg, 2003 ; S. Jouko. Inkerin kansan 60 kohtalon vuotta. Helsinki, 2000 ; K. Unelma. Oma maa omenakukka, vieras maa veripunainen. Petroskoi, 2003

  10. Revolutsionäärid, kes ei pääsenud külma käest / Linda Kaljundi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljundi, Linda, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    PÖFFil linastunud Põhjamaade filmidest: "Tüütu mees" ("Den Brysomme mannen", režissöör Jens Lien, Norra, 2006), "Seltsimees Pedersen" ("Gymnaslaerer Pedersen", režissöör Hans Petter Moland, Norra, 2006), "Kelle ridades seisad" ("Kenen joukoissa seisot", režissöör Jouko Aaltonen, Soome, 2006)

  11. Characterization of three bioenergetically active respiratory terminal oxidases in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pils, D; Schmetterer, G

    2001-09-25

    Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 contains three respiratory terminal oxidases (RTOs): cytochrome c oxidase (Cox), quinol oxidase (Cyd), and alternate RTO (ARTO). Mutants lacking combinations of the RTOs were used to characterize these key enzymes of respiration. Pentachlorophenol and 2-heptyl-4-hydroxy-quinoline-N-oxide inhibited Cyd completely, but had little effect on electron transport to the other RTOs. KCN inhibited all three RTOs but the in vivo K(I) for Cox and Cyd was quite different (7 vs. 27 microM), as was their affinity for oxygen (K(M) 1.0 vs. 0.35 microM). ARTO has a very low respiratory activity. However, when uptake of 3-O-methylglucose, an active H+ co-transport, was used to monitor energization of the cytoplasmic membrane, ARTO was similarly effective as the other RTOs. As removal of the gene for cytochrome c(553) had the same effects as removal of ARTO genes, we propose that the ARTO might be a second Cox. The possible functions, localization and regulation of the RTOs are discussed.

  12. Clobazam-Treated Patients with Lennox Gastaut Syndrome Experienced Fewer Seizure-Related Injuries than Placebo Patients During Trail OV-1012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-19

    severe seizure- related AEs occurred in the placebo group, with three patients experiencing one severe AE each (fall, contusion, or jaw fracture ). In all...only one non–seizure- related injury, and therefore no evidence to suggest that the drug was associated with injuries. The analysis also helps to...Clobazam-treated patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome experienced fewer seizure- related injuries than placebo patients during trial OV-1012 *Jouko

  13. Kõik tänapäeva noored ei ole sellised!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", Rene Vilbre mängufilm "Mina olin siin". Film ja raamat "Mina olin siin" on tekitanud arutelu : kas tõesti on noorus hukas!? Filmi sündmustiku reaalsuse kohta avaldavad küsitluses oma arvamuse Leo Suik, Merily Kihuoja, Janika Hendrikson, Gert Gurjev ja Arto Vaha. Lisaks fakte raamatu ja filmi kohta

  14. IPDO-2007: Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    Grebenniko v J. Luna Tomas Perez Manuel Enriquez 025 Alexande r Grebenniko v 026 Tsung- Chien Chen Shou- Jen Hsu Pan-Chio Tuan 028...Dulikravich 086 Helmut Sobieczky Monika Hannemann 087 Anssi Lehikoinen Arto Voutilainen Jari Kaipio Stefan Finsterle Mike Kowalsky 088

  15. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    layer of water in a clean petri dish placed on a light box (Arto- ... M110) and macro lens: youtube.com/watch?v=eIMGqOhWxaQ. 4. Marangoni ... lene blue was prepared. ... and an adiabatic free surface above in contact with air at a temper-.

  16. Prantsuse ja inglise näidendid Soome lahe kaldal / Andrus Org

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Org, Andrus

    1999-01-01

    Yasmina Reza "Kunst" Hendrik Toompere jun. lavastuses Eesti Draamateatris ja Arto af Hällströmi lavastuses Soome Rahvusteatris; William Shakespeare'i "Richard III" Mati Undi lavastuses Eesti Draamateatris ja Kalle Holmbergi lavastuses Soome Rahvusteatris. Kokkuvõte inglise keeles lk. 94

  17. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. MUNIASAMY NEERATHILINGAM. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 3 September 2016 pp 535-561 Review. Application of aptamers in diagnostics, drug-delivery and imaging · CHETAN CHANDOLA SHEETAL KALME MARCO G CASTELEIJN ARTO URTTI ...

  18. Soomlaste "Printsessi" menu jõuab Tallinna / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    Režissöör Arto Haloneni filmist "Printsess" (Soome, 2010), mis hakkab Eestis linastuma 28. jaanuarist. Katja Kukkola-Küttner pälvis nimiosa eest 14. Pimedate Ööde filmifestivalil parima naisnäitleja auhinna ja Soome näitlejate liit tunnistas rolli 2010. aasta parimaks näitlejatööks filmis

  19. Ants Paju exegi monumentum / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    13. juunist 20. augustini 2004 toimunud graniitskulptuurifestivalist Põltsamaa lähedal Sõpruse pargis. Osales Erland Knudsson Madsen Taanist, Arto Lappalainen Soomest, Sandis Kondratas Lätist, Algirdas Kuzma Leedust, Christos Mondzios Poolast, Tauno Kangro, Are Haljas ja Art Allmägi Eestist

  20. Naised mustas, sõjasebimine, elektrivaras, lurjusluuletaja / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil "EurAsia" võistlusprogrammi filmidest - Mohamed Al-Daradji'i "Paabeli poeg", Aureliano Amadei "20 sigaretti", Aktan Arym Kubati "Härra Valgus", Tomaš Mašini "Kolm aastaaega põrgus", Arto Haloneni "Printsess"

  1. Eettinen näkökulma radiodokumentissa : tekijän vastuu ja valinnat

    OpenAIRE

    Syrjänen, Petra

    2012-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä on pyritty selvittämään, minkälaisia eettisiä valintoja radiodoku-mentin tekijä kohtaa tekoprosessissaan. Koko tutkimuksen lähtökohtana on Jouko Aaltosen nelijako elokuvadokumentaristin eettisestä vastuusta itselleen, päähenkilölleen, yleisölleen sekä tuottajalleen. Tutkimuksessa radiodokumentin tekoprosessi rinnastetaan dokumenttielokuvaan ja lähdemateriaalina on käytetty molemmista kertovaa kirjallisuutta. Monia dokumenttielokuvien tekijöiden kultaisia sääntöjä ja ohje...

  2. BOOK REVIEW: STITCHING THE BUFFER ZONE. LANDSCAPES, SOUNDS AND TRANS-EXPERIENCES ALONG THE CYPRUS GREEN LINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Grichting Solder

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The launch of the book “Stitching the Buffer Zone” accompanied an exhibition of the same name at the Artos Gallery in Nicosia, Cyprus. Organized by the ARTos Foundation, the exhibition was part of a larger event entitled “Does Europe exist?” which took place from 1–15 November 2012 within the Cyprus presidency of the EU Council. Stitching the Buffer Zone was a collective exhibit which featured the works and installations of architects and urbanists Anna Grichting Solder, Maria Costi de Castrillo, Stephanie Keszi and Georgia Frangoudi and included models, plans, videos and installations illustrating the design scenarios and architectural and landscapes concepts for the future transformation of the Cyprus Buffer Zone.

  3. Cell-Penetrating Bispecific Antibodies for Targeting Oncogenic Transcription Factors in Advanced Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    observations with DHT -stimulated luciferase activity assays, enzalutamide had no effect on the constitutive induction of luciferase activity by the AR...to expess firefly luciferase under the control of a synthetic ARE. Similar studies were also performed with intact LNCaP cells stimulated with DHT ...enzalutamide. B. Demonstration that 3E10-AR441 can inhibit non-genomic, AR-dependent signaling. These studies used LNCaP cells stimulated with DHT , with a

  4. (Stereo)tüüpide fenomenoloogiast ühiskonnas ja kunstis / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    2005. aastal eesti teatris esietendunud lavastuste näitel - Kauksi Ülle "Taarka" (Vanemuine, lav. Ain Mäeots), A. H. Tammsaare- Elmo Nüganeni "Tõde ja õigus. Teine osa" (Tallinna Linnateater, lav. Elmo Nüganen), Jaan Tätte "Meeletu" (Tallinna Linnateater, lav. Eva Klemets), Arto Paasilinna "Jänese aasta" (Von Krahli Teater, lav. Kristian Smeds), Geraldine Aroni "Minu oivaline lahutus" (Eesti Draamateater, lav. Kaie Mihkelson)

  5. New airBaltic owner on board

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Transatlantic Holdings Company on ostnud 9,6 miljoni euro eest 59 110 airBalticu aktsiat. Läti majandusminister Artis Kampars soovib raskustesse sattunud lennufirma juhi Bertolt Flicki väljavahetamist. airBaltic plaanib koondamist. Riigikogu liige Arto Aas rõhutas, et airBalticu kadumine turult ei ole Eesti reisijate huvides, kuna ta on suuruselt kolmas lennukompanii Tallinna Lennujaamas

  6. Freemium-hinnoittelustrategia: mahdollisuudet ja haasteet pilvisovellusten tarjoajan näkökulmasta

    OpenAIRE

    Turunen, Tanja

    2011-01-01

    Turunen, Tanja Freemium-hinnoittelustrategia: mahdollisuudet ja haasteet pilvisovellusten tar-joajan näkökulmasta Jyväskylä: Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2011, 28 s. Tietojärjestelmätiede, kandidaatintutkielma Ohjaaja: Ojala, Arto Pilvisovellusten (SaaS) läpimurto on johtanut ohjelmistoalan perinteisten hin-noittelustrategioiden väistymiseen ja pilvisovellusten tarjoajien tarpeeseen muuttaa vakiintuneita liiketoimintamallejaan. Tämä kirjallisuuskatsauksena toteutettu tutkielma esittel...

  7. Freemium pelialan hinnoittelumallina

    OpenAIRE

    Kaaronen, Olli

    2013-01-01

    Kaaronen, Olli Freemium pelialan hinnoittelumallina Jyväskylä: Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2012, 24 s. Tietojärjestelmätiede, kandidaatintutkielma Ohjaaja: Ojala, Arto Mobiilipelaamisen lisääntyminen on johtanut pelialalla perinteisten liiketoimintamallien väistymiseen ja uusien ansaintamallien kehittymiseen. Tämä kirjallisuuskatsauksena toteutettu tutkielma käsittelee mobiilipelialalla käytettyä freemium-hinnoittelumallia ja sen variaatioita. Tutkielmassa esitetään myös ...

  8. Sociale netværkssider og digital ungdomskultur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Charlotte

    2009-01-01

    Arto, Facebook og MySpace er nogle af de internetfællesskaber, som flere hundredtusinde danskere i løbet af ganske få år har oprettet profiler på. Med fremkomsten og populariseringen af disse hjemmesider er opstået et nyt mediebegreb: sociale netværkssider (eller på engelsk: social network(ing) s...

  9. Book review. Anestesia e analgesia locoregionale del cane e del gatto. Francesco Staffieri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Graziani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Il volume di anestesia e analgesia locoregionale del cane e del gatto è pensato per essere un testo "da sala operatoria" – come afferma l'autore – perché consente un rapido, ma allo stesso tempo dettagliato, consulto per il libero professionista che si trova a gestire un'anestesia. Si tratta di un piccolo libro, tascabile, che può essere considerato un punto di partenza per gli studenti e per tutti quei medici veterinari che intendono avvicinarsi in maniera specialistica all'arte dell'anestesiologia veterinaria. L'anestesia locoregionale costituisce, infatti, uno strumento insostituibile per la gestione del dolore perioperatorio in medicina veterinaria. Nel volume si forniscono le nozioni di base per praticare i principali blocchi nervosi centrali e periferici. Per ogni blocco sono riportate le tecniche alla cieca (mediante l'ausilio dei punti di repere anatomici e quelle con l'impiego dello stimolatore nervoso periferico. Il volume, corredato da immagini foto e grafici, per un totale di 65 figure, si apre con i capitoli relativi ai farmaci, agli strumenti e alle complicanze dell'anestesia locoregionale. Prosegue con i blocchi nervosi centrali (anestesia epidurale e spinale e si conclude con i blocchi periferici (testa, arto anteriore, torace, arto posteriore. L'autore, Francesco Staffieri, è un medico veterinario che svolge il dottorato di ricerca nel Dipartimento delle Emergenze e dei Trapianti di Organi, Sezioni di Cliniche Veterinarie e Produzioni Animali dell'Università degli Studi Aldo Moro di Bari.

  10. Areeni aasta album. Isiklikud edetabelid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Areen jagas punkte heliplaatidele: 1. The Streets "Original Pirate Material" 2. Common "Electric Circus" 3. Flaming Lips "Yoshimi Battles The Pink Robots" 4. DJ Shadow "Private Press" 5. Peven Everett "Studio Confessions" 6. Andrew WK "I Get Wet" 7. Underworld "A Hundred Days Off" 8.-9. Felix Da Housecat "Kittenz and Thee Glitz" 10. X-Press 2 "Muzikizum" 11. The Music "The Music" 12.-13. The Datsuns "The Datsuns" 12. 13 Peshay "Fuzion" 14. High Contrast "True Colours" 15. Tallinn 73 meets Kalm "Autopiloot" 16. Koop "Waltz For Koop" 17.-18. Death In Vegas "Scorpio Rising" 17.-18. A "Hi-Fi-Serious" 19.-20. Arto Lindsay "Invoke" 19.-20. Akufen "My Way". Isiklikud edetabelid Tõnu Kaalepilt, Marek Kallinilt, Erkki Luukilt, Tõnis Kahult, Raul Saaremetsalt, Siim Nestorilt, Koit Raudsepalt, Erik Mornalt, Mart Juurelt ja Märt Milterilt

  11. Sociale netværkssider og digital ungdomskultur: Når unge praktiserer venskab på nettet [Social Network Sites and Digital Youth Culture: When young people practice friendship online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malene Charlotte Larsen

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Arto, Facebook og MySpace er nogle af de internetfællesskaber, som flere hundredtusinde danskere i løbet af ganske få år har oprettet profiler på. Med fremkomsten og populariseringen af disse hjemmesider er opstået et nyt mediebegreb: sociale netværkssider (eller på engelsk: social network(ing sites. Som det oftest er tilfældet med nye medier, har teenagere være de første til at tage sociale netværkssider til sig. Med denne artikel har jeg til hensigt at beskrive, hvad sociale netværkssider er, samt hvordan de anvendes som en del af ungdomsgenerationens hverdagsliv til vedligeholdelse af sociale relationer. Dette gør jeg ved dels at præsentere en række begreber, som jeg mener er vigtige at forstå i forhold til unges brug af sociale netværk. Og dels vil jeg fremhæve nogle resultater fra min egen forskning i 12-18-årige børn og unges brug af forskellige sociale netværk, heriblandt Arto.com, som længe har været de danske teenageres foretrukne mødested på nettet. Ud fra empiriske eksempler diskuterer jeg således, hvordan sociale netværkssider indgår som en integreret del af de unge brugeres venskaber og sociale liv. Artiklen bygger på fire års etnografiske undersøgelser.

  12. Sociale netværkssider og digital ungdomskultur: Når unge praktiserer venskab på nettet [Social Network Sites and Digital Youth Culture: When young people practice friendship online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malene Charlotte Larsen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Arto, Facebook og MySpace er nogle af de internetfællesskaber, som flere hundredtusinde danskere i løbet af ganske få år har oprettet profiler på. Med fremkomsten og populariseringen af disse hjemmesider er opstået et nyt mediebegreb: sociale netværkssider (eller på engelsk: social network(ing sites. Som det oftest er tilfældet med nye medier, har teenagere være de første til at tage sociale netværkssider til sig. Med denne artikel har jeg til hensigt at beskrive, hvad sociale netværkssider er, samt hvordan de anvendes som en del af ungdomsgenerationens hverdagsliv til vedligeholdelse af sociale relationer. Dette gør jeg ved dels at præsentere en række begreber, som jeg mener er vigtige at forstå i forhold til unges brug af sociale netværk. Og dels vil jeg fremhæve nogle resultater fra min egen forskning i 12-18-årige børn og unges brug af forskellige sociale netværk, heriblandt Arto.com, som længe har været de danske teenageres foretrukne mødested på nettet. Ud fra empiriske eksempler diskuterer jeg således, hvordan sociale netværkssider indgår som en integreret del af de unge brugeres venskaber og sociale liv. Artiklen bygger på fire års etnografiske undersøgelser.

  13. Meretoja’s Syndrome: Lattice Corneal Dystrophy, Gelsolin Type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Casal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Lattice corneal dystrophy gelsolin type was first described in 1969 by Jouko Meretoja, a Finnish ophthalmologist. It is caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in gelsolin gene resulting in unstable protein fragments and amyloid deposition in various organs. The age of onset is usually after the third decade of life and typical diagnostic triad includes progressive bilateral facial paralysis, loose skin, and lattice corneal dystrophy. We report a case of a 53-year-old female patient referred to our Department of Ophthalmology by severe dry eye and incomplete eyelid closure. She had severe bilateral facial paresis, significant orbicularis, and perioral sagging as well as hypoesthesia of extremities and was diagnosed with Meretoja’s syndrome at the age of 50, confirmed by the presence of gelsolin mutation. At our observation she had bilateral diminished tear film break-up time and Schirmer test, diffuse keratitis, corneal opacification, and neovascularization in the left eye. She was treated with preservative-free lubricants and topical cyclosporine, associated with nocturnal complete occlusion of both eyes, and underwent placement of lacrimal punctal plugs. Ocular symptoms are the first to appear and our role as ophthalmologists is essential for the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of ocular alterations in these patients.

  14. Internación de menores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Mosquera Rial

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El tema ofrece en primer lugar un problema terminológico. La palabra encierra toda una serie de implicancias, connota una manera de pensar la realidad. De acuerdo con el arto 10de la Convención Internacional de los Derechos del Niño se entiende por tal todo ser humano menor de 18 años de edad. Creemos necesario partir entonces de esta premisa. Estamos hablando de niños y adolescentes tal como se titula en Brasil el Estatuto y el Proyecto del Código del Niño actualmente en estudio. La categoría de "menores" está haciendo una abstracción, explicitando una división de acuerdo con un criterio de selectividad. Este criterio de selectividad encierra una concepción perversa en el sentido de que distingue para separar, aislar y emplear con esos "diferentes" métodos de encierro que no hacen más que reincidir su marginación (...Contenido: Aspectos criminológicos. ¿Cuál es el marco normativo que nos rige? Aspectos criminológicos del actual procedimiento. Internación de menores. Régimen de losmenores institucionalizados. Procesos de victimización. Disposiciones del proyecto de Código para el Niño y el adolescente

  15. Hvorfor fænger Facebook?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Charlotte

    2008-01-01

    Facebook-feberen raser i Danmark. Online social networking er blevet mainstream og er ikke længere forbeholdt generationen af digitale indfødte. Facebook er et tydeligt bevis på, at vi voksne styres af nøjagtig de samme grundlæggende sociale behov, som når de unge bruger Arto, MySpace eller...... lignende sociale netværk. Vi voksne vil også have mange links på vores vennelister. Vi drages af den konstante tilstedeværelse, som Facebook giver os mulighed for. Og vi elsker at lure, snage og sladre. Derfor fascinerer Facebook. Og derfor er online social networking kommet for at blive. Men hvad er det...... vil jeg gå bag om Facebook-fænomenet ved at drage paralleller til børn og unges brug af sociale netværkssider – der er nemlig mange ligheder – og derved give svar på spørgsmålet: Hvorfor er Facebook så fængende?...

  16. Loomingu Raamatukogu aasta 1995 / Holger Kaints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaints, Holger, 1957-

    1996-01-01

    Järg: 29. märts 1996, lk. 15. Rets. rmt.: Jerzy Kosinski 'Kirgas lind' (nr.18-20); Yasar Kemali 'Madu maha tappa!' (nr.24); Lisa St. Aubin de Terani 'Koja valvurid' (nr.15-17); Gabriel Garcia Marquezi 'Väljakuulutatud mõrva kroonika' (nr.11/12); Arthur Koestleri 'Keskpäevapimedus' (nr.31-34) ja 'Pühendatud' (nr.5); Heinrich Bölli 'Katharina Blumi kaotatud au' (nr.22/23); Marina Palei 'Ringkanali Cabiria' (nr.14); Graham Greene'i 'Armastusloo lõpp' (nr.25-27); Henry Jamesi 'Asperni kirjad' (nr.37/38); Truman Capote'i 'Sünnipäevalapsed' (nr.8/9); Antonio Tabucchi 'Taevarand' (nr.21); Michael Bullocki 'Kaev ja teisi jutte' (nr.3); Henry Milleri 'Naeratus redeli jalamil' (nr.10); Arto Paasilinna 'Jänese aasta' (nr.28-30); Kahlil Gibrani 'Prohvet' (nr.4); Rainer Maria Rilke 'Kirjad noorele luuletajale (nr.13); Jaan Kaplinski 'Jää ja Titanic' (nr.6/7); Rein Saluri 'Tobukesed' (nr.36); Kaksteist Eesti kirja (nr.1/2); Hermann Hesse 'Fantaasiad' (nr.35); Herman Lindqvisti 'Üks Euroopa puha' (nr.39/40)

  17. Postoperative pain management with transdermal fentanyl after forefoot surgery: a randomized, placebo-controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merivirta R

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Riika Merivirta,1 Mikko Pitkänen,2 Jouko Alanen,3 Elina Haapoja,1 Mari Koivisto,4 Kristiina Kuusniemi11Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency Care and Pain Medicine of Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, 2Department of Anaesthesia, Hospital Orton, Invalid Foundation, Helsinki, 3Terveystalo Clinic Hospital, Helsinki, 4Department of Biostatistics, University of Turku, Turku, FinlandBackground: Quality of life is decreased in patients with hallux valgus deformity, mainly because of pain. Significant improvement is usually achieved by surgery. However, postoperative pain can be moderate to severe for 2–3 days. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of transdermal fentanyl for postoperative pain management after forefoot surgery.Methods: Sixty patients undergoing hallux valgus or hallux rigidus surgery were allocated to receive a patch delivering either fentanyl 12 µg/hour or placebo for postoperative pain. The consumption of rescue opioid oxycodone, the primary outcome measure, was evaluated daily until the fourth postoperative day. Total consumption of oxycodone during the study period was also assessed. Pain scores and possible adverse effects were evaluated every 6 hours during the first 24 hours and on the fourth postoperative day.Results: The use of rescue opioid was low in both groups, the median (range consumption of oxycodone being 10 (0–50 mg on the day of surgery (no difference between the groups, P=0.31 and 0 (0–35 mg thereafter. The total combined consumption was 10 (0–105 mg in the fentanyl group and 20 (0–70 mg in the placebo group (P=0.23. There were no statistically significant differences in pain scores or adverse effects between the groups.Conclusion: As a part of multimodal analgesia with ibuprofen and acetaminophen, a patch delivering fentanyl 12 µg/hour did not significantly decrease the consumption of rescue opioid or pain scores after forefoot surgery

  18. Optimizing two-dimensional renewable warranty policies for sensor embedded remanufactured products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alqahtani, Ammar; Gupta, Surendra M.

    2017-01-01

    Remanufactured products, in addition to being environment friendly, are popular with consumers because they can offer the latest technology with lower prices in comparison to brand new products. However, some consumers are hesitant to buy remanufactured products because they are skeptical about the quality of the remanufactured product and thus are unsure of the extent to which the product will render services when compared to a new product. A strategy that remanufacturers may employ to entice customers is to offer warranties on remanufactured products. To that end, this paper studies and scrutinizes the impact of offering renewing warranties on remanufactured products. Specifically, the paper suggests a methodology which simultaneously minimizes the cost incurred by the remanufacturers and maximizes the confidence of the consumers towards buying remanufacturing products. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses discrete-event simulation to optimize the implementation of a two-dimensional renewing warranty policy for remanufactured products. The implementation is illustrated using a specific product recovery system called the Advanced Remanufacturing-To-Order (ARTO) system. The experiments used in the study were designed using Taguchi’s Orthogonal Arrays to represent the entire domain of the recovery system so as to observe the system behavior under various experimental conditions. In order to determine the optimum strategy offered by the remanufacturer, various warranty and preventive maintenance scenarios were analyzed using pairwise t-tests along with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey pairwise comparisons tests for every scenario. Findings: The proposed methodology is able to simultaneously minimize the cost incurred by the remanufacturer, optimize the warranty price and period, and optimize the preventive maintenance strategy resulting in increased consumer confidence. Originality/value: This is the first study that evaluates in a

  19. Optimizing two-dimensional renewable warranty policies for sensor embedded remanufactured products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ammar Alqahtani

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Remanufactured products, in addition to being environment friendly, are popular with consumers because they can offer the latest technology with lower prices in comparison to brand new products. However, some consumers are hesitant to buy remanufactured products because they are skeptical about the quality of the remanufactured product and thus are unsure of the extent to which the product will render services when compared to a new product. A strategy that remanufacturers may employ to entice customers is to offer warranties on remanufactured products. To that end, this paper studies and scrutinizes the impact of offering renewing warranties on remanufactured products. Specifically, the paper suggests a methodology which simultaneously minimizes the cost incurred by the remanufacturers and maximizes the confidence of the consumers towards buying remanufacturing products. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses discrete-event simulation to optimize the implementation of a two-dimensional renewing warranty policy for remanufactured products. The implementation is illustrated using a specific product recovery system called the Advanced Remanufacturing-To-Order (ARTO system. The experiments used in the study were designed using Taguchi’s Orthogonal Arrays to represent the entire domain of the recovery system so as to observe the system behavior under various experimental conditions. In order to determine the optimum strategy offered by the remanufacturer, various warranty and preventive maintenance scenarios were analyzed using pairwise t-tests along with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA and Tukey pairwise comparisons tests for every scenario. Findings: The proposed methodology is able to simultaneously minimize the cost incurred by the remanufacturer, optimize the warranty price and period, and optimize the preventive maintenance strategy resulting in increased consumer confidence. Originality/value: This is the first study that

  20. Homicide in the western family and background factors of a perpetrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aho, Anna Liisa; Remahl, Anni; Paavilainen, Eija

    2017-07-01

    Familicide is a multiple-victim homicide incident in which the killer's spouse and one or more children are slain. A systematic review was conducted to reveal the background factors of western homicide perpetrators. The systematic search was performed in the Arto, Medic, Cinahl, Medline, EBSCOhost Academic Search Premier and Social Services abstracts databases. The keywords were familicide, family homicide, familicide-suicide, filicide-suicide, extended suicide, child, murder, family, filicide and infanticide. The searches revealed 4139 references from the databases. The references were filtered and 32 peer-reviewed research articles revealed in years 2004-2014 were selected as data. The articles were analysed using inductive content analysis, by finding all possible background factors related to homicide. The factors were described as percentages of the range. The background factors of familicide perpetrators were categorised as follows: perpetrators who had committed homicide of a child and intimate partner and possibly committed suicide; a father had who killed a child; a mother who had killed a child; a father who had committed a filicide-suicide; and a mother who had committed a filicide-suicide. Psychological instability, violence and crime were found in all these categories of familicides. Perpetrators who had committed a suicide in addition to the familicide had more often been diagnosed with depression, but they sought treatment for mental health problems less often and had violence and self-destructiveness less often in their background than in other familicide categories. Social and healthcare professionals should be more sensitive to emerging family problems and be prepared for intervention.

  1. Systematic review: Factors associated with return to work in burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kärkkäinen, R; Saaranen, T; Hiltunen, S; Ryynänen, O P; Räsänen, K

    2017-08-01

    Professional burnout predicts sick leave and even permanent withdrawal from the labour force. However, knowledge of the barriers to and facilitators of return to work (RTW) in such burnout is limited. To identify factors associated with RTW of burned-out individuals to inform occupational health care (OHC) RTW policy. A systematic search of peer-reviewed quantitative and mixed-method studies published from January 2005 to July 2016 in English and Finnish in ARTO, CINAHL (EBSCO), Medic, PsycINFO (ProQuest), PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases, followed by a manual search. We included studies that identify burnout with valid burnout measures and measure the degree of RTW or sick leave as outcomes. We excluded studies with heterogeneous samples without subgroup analyses of RTW in burnout cases. We included 10 studies (three experimental and seven observational) of the initial 1345 identified. The studies reported work-related factors; enhanced communication (positive association) and low control at work (negative association) and individual-related factors; male gender (positive association), covert coping (negative association), high over-commitment to work (positive association) and burnout-related factors; unimpaired sleep (positive association), duration of sick leave over 6 months (negative association) and part-time sick leave (positive association) associated with RTW in burnout. Associations between burnout rehabilitation and RTW, and the level of symptoms and cognitive impairment and RTW remained unclear. Few quantitative studies, of varied methodological quality, explore factors associated with RTW in burnout. Further research is needed to build an evidence base and develop guidelines for supportive OHC actions. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com

  2. Optimizing two-dimensional renewable warranty policies for sensor embedded remanufactured products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alqahtani, Ammar; Gupta, Surendra M.

    2017-07-01

    Remanufactured products, in addition to being environment friendly, are popular with consumers because they can offer the latest technology with lower prices in comparison to brand new products. However, some consumers are hesitant to buy remanufactured products because they are skeptical about the quality of the remanufactured product and thus are unsure of the extent to which the product will render services when compared to a new product. A strategy that remanufacturers may employ to entice customers is to offer warranties on remanufactured products. To that end, this paper studies and scrutinizes the impact of offering renewing warranties on remanufactured products. Specifically, the paper suggests a methodology which simultaneously minimizes the cost incurred by the remanufacturers and maximizes the confidence of the consumers towards buying remanufacturing products. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses discrete-event simulation to optimize the implementation of a two-dimensional renewing warranty policy for remanufactured products. The implementation is illustrated using a specific product recovery system called the Advanced Remanufacturing-To-Order (ARTO) system. The experiments used in the study were designed using Taguchi’s Orthogonal Arrays to represent the entire domain of the recovery system so as to observe the system behavior under various experimental conditions. In order to determine the optimum strategy offered by the remanufacturer, various warranty and preventive maintenance scenarios were analyzed using pairwise t-tests along with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey pairwise comparisons tests for every scenario. Findings: The proposed methodology is able to simultaneously minimize the cost incurred by the remanufacturer, optimize the warranty price and period, and optimize the preventive maintenance strategy resulting in increased consumer confidence. Originality/value: This is the first study that evaluates in a

  3. Schwinger terms from external field problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekstrand, Christian

    1999-01-01

    The current algebra for second quantized chiral fermions in an external eld contains Schwinger terms. These are studied in two di erent ways. Both are non-perturbative and valid for arbitrary odd dimension of the physical space, although explicit expressions are only given for lower dimensions. The thesis is an introductory text to the four appended research papers. In the rst two papers, Schwinger terms are studied by realizing gauge transformations as linear operators acting on sections of the bundle of Fock spaces parametrized byvector potentials. Bosons and fermions are mixed in a Z2-graded fashion. Charged particles are considered in the rst paper and neutral particles in the second. In the the third and the fourth paper, Schwinger terms are identi ed with cocycles obtained from the family index theorem for a manifold with boundary. A generating form for the covariant anomaly and Schwinger term is obtained in the third paper. The rst three papers consider Yang-Mills while the fourth (in cooperation with Jouko Mickelsson) also includes gravitation. Key words: Schwinger terms, external anomaly, Z2-grading, index theory. eld problems, higher dimensions, chiral iii iv Preface This thesis will be about Schwinger terms. It is terms that appear in equal time commutators of currents in quantum eld theory. As a mathematical physicist I nd it hard to write a thesis about this subject. Both the physical and mathematical aspects should preferably be covered. Ihavedecided to focus on some of the mathematical tools that the Schwinger term and the closely related chiral anomaly have in common. This is part of what I have learned during the years 1994{1999 as a graduate student attheRoyal Institute of Technology. The following conventions and assumptions will be made throughout the thesis: All manifolds are assumed to be second countable and Hausdor . They are assumed to be paracompact whenever a partition of unity argument is needed. In nite-dimensional manifolds are also

  4. Asthma-related productivity losses in Alberta, Canada

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    Nguyen X Thanh

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Nguyen X Thanh, Arto Ohinmaa, Charles YanInstitute of Health Economics, Edmonton, Alberta, CanadaObjectives: To estimate the number and cost of asthma-related productivity loss days due to absenteeism and presenteeism (at work but not fully functioning in Alberta in 2005.Methods: Using data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey, this study focused on people of working age (18–64 years, who reported having an asthma diagnosis. Total asthma-related disability days, including in-bed days and activity-restricted days, were estimated by multiplying the difference in the means of total disability days between asthmatics and nonasthmatics adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics and other health conditions by a multiple linear regression, with the number of asthmatics in the population. Number of productivity loss days was a sum between the number of in-bed days (absenteeism and the number of activity-restricted days multiplied by a reduction in functional level (presenteeism, adjusted for five working days per week. Other data from Alberta or Canadian published literature, such as a reduction in functional level of 20%–30%, a labor participation rate of 73%, and an average wage of $158 per day in 2005, were also used for analyses.Results: The prevalence of asthma was estimated at 8.5% among approximately 2.1 million people of working age in Alberta in 2005. The difference in the means of total disability days between asthmatics and nonasthmatics was 0.487 (95% CI: 0.286–0.688 in a period of two weeks or 12.7 (7.5–17.9 in one year. With the reduction in functional level of 20%–30%, the number of asthma-related productivity loss days was estimated from 442 (259–624 to 533 (313–753 thousand, respectively. The corresponding cost was from $70 ($41–$99 to $84 ($49–$119 million. Of these, the presenteeism accounted for 42% to 52%.Conclusions: The results suggest that an improvement in the controlling of asthma could have a

  5. Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxious and Depressed Youth: Improving Homework Adherence Through Mobile Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilansky, Pamela; Eklund, J Mikael; Milner, Tracy; Kreindler, David; Cheung, Amy; Kovacs, Tim; Shooshtari, Shahin; Astell, Arlene; Ohinmaa, Arto; Henderson, Joanna; Strauss, John; Mills, Rosemary Sl

    2016-11-10

    CBT treatment for youth with anxiety and/or depression. This phase will result in a usable app that is ready to be tested for its effectiveness in increasing homework adherence. Phase 3: a pragmatic clinical trial will be conducted at several clinics to evaluate the impact of the app on homework adherence. Participants in the app group are expected to show greater homework completion than those in the no-app group. Phase 3 will be completed by September 2019. The app will be a unique adjunct to treatment for adolescents in CBT, focusing on both anxiety and depression, developed in partnership with end users at every stage from design to implementation, customizable for different cognitive profiles, and designed with depression symptom tracking measures for youth made interoperable with electronic medical records. ©Pamela Wilansky, J Mikael Eklund, Tracy Milner, David Kreindler, Amy Cheung, Tim Kovacs, Shahin Shooshtari, Arlene Astell, Arto Ohinmaa, Joanna Henderson, John Strauss, Rosemary S L Mills. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 10.11.2016.

  6. Baltų ir slavų kalbų vardažodžių daryba (senosios bendrybės ir skirtybės

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulius Ambrazas

    2011-10-01

    the Baltic and the Slavic languages were descended from the different dialects of the north area of Indo-European parent language and only a bit later the period of close contacts of Proto-Baltic and Proto-Slavic came. There are some inovations in Baltic, Slavic and Germanic, which came of on the period, when thees three groups of languages were not separated from the north dialect area of Indo-European. One of thees inovations is sugested to be the suffix *- īti̯o - (<*-īto- + -i̯o-, the oldest function of which is the formation of nomina atributiva (cf. Lith. ausỹtė “wintry cap with ear-tabs"”, Latv. lēnītis “warm south or west wind”, South Slav. golit’ь “naked, poor man”. Through the process of the meaning specialization the derivatives with suffix *- īti̯o - got the meaning of nomina deminutiva in Baltic (cf. Lith. sūnỹtis, Latv. sūnītis “a little son”, the meaning of nomina patronimica and originis in Slavic (cf. Slav, bratit'ь “a brothes son”, slobodit’ь  “countryman from a free land” and the meaning of nomina collectiva in Germanic (cf. MHG. geveterīde “parents”. Later on the period of close contacts of Proto-Baltic and Proto-Slavic languages some derivatives with this suffix got also the meaning of nomina patroninica and nomina originis in Baltic dialects (especialy in West Baltic, cf. Lith. dial, vókytis, Latv. vācītis “German” from Proto-Slavic and some of them got the meaning of nomina deminutiva in South Slavic languages (cf. vl̥’čit’ь „a little wolf-cub” from Proto-Baltic. There are some old inovations which came of in Proto-Baltic and later feld under the Proto-Slavic language. In this way the development of nomina agentis with suffixes *- tāi̯o- (cf. Lith. artójas, OPruss. artoys E 236, Slav ratajь “ploughman, fanner”, *-ēi̯o- (cf. Lith. siuvė́jas, Latv. šuvējs, ORuss. šьvej “tailor”, *-iko- (cf. Lith. siuvìkas, OPruss schuwikis (Schuwert E 496, Slav.

  7. Editorial. Dialogue, Communication and Collaboration: Aspects of Philosophy and Communication

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    Jovilė Barevičiūtė

    2016-03-01

    universe of issues related to dialogue emerges from thinking perspectives of philosophers as well as communication theorists. On the one hand, the perspective of communication trivializes the phenomenon of dialogue, depriving it of its depth and profoundness; and on the other hand, it defines and specifies the concept of dialogue, assigning to it a form or function. This issue of the journal is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of dialogue both in the fields of philosophy and communication, inquiring into different contexts of its development. In her article Communication Solutions by Improving Interactive Art Projects, Gintarė Vainalavičiūtė analyses the relationship between visual arts and contemporary technologies, which determines both the rise of the forms of dialogue and non-traditional understanding of works of art. Mindaugas Stoškus contributed an article entitled Disciplines of Political Philosophy and Political Science: Antagonism, Cooperation or Indifference? in which he investigates the relationship between these two disciplines, conditions and problems pertaining to their dialogue, and the particularly intensified dynamics of the dialogue in the fifties of the 20th century. In their article Online Artistic Activism: Case-Study of Hungarian-Romanian Intercultural Communication, Gizela Horváth and Rozália Klára Bakó delve into the interactive relationship between works of art and their perceiver, as these works of art send messages via the social media environment. Moral Perception, Cognition, and Dialogue is an article authored by Vojko Strahovnik, in which he examines the causes for the rise of cases that hinder intercommunication and mutual understanding, such as disagreement, intercultural dialogues, etc. Problems of visual communication and the specificity of visual languages, bringing together subjects into dialogue are discussed by Arto Mutanen in his article Relativity of Visual Communication. Another article entitled Scientific Realism

  8. Paleoecología de alta resolución del Holoceno tardío en el Páramo de Frontino, Antioquia, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Velásquez Ruiz

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo central reconstruir las condiciones climáticas y la vegetaci6n durante los últimos 4.000 años en el norte de la cordillera Occidental de Colombia con base en dos perforaciones realizadas en los sectores Llano Grande y Puente Largo del paramo de Frontino y su correlación con otras perforaciones llevadas a cabo en el mismo paramo y en el macizo de Tatama. La buena resolución metodológica empleada (elección adecuada de los sitios de muestreo, sonda que no compacta los sedimentos, submuestreo al centímetro y conteo de alícuotas, acetolisis suave y buen numero de radiodataciones hizo posible detectar y caracterizar tanto en duración como en amplitud, cambios en la vegetación y el clima cuyo registro en el trópico es objeto de debate. En general los períodos mas fríos fueron húmedos (vegetación regional dominante: paramo; local: acuáticas y de pantano y los mas cálidos secos (vegetación regional dominante: bosque; local: cojines. Los principales cambios climáticos ocurridos en estos cuatro milenios fueron los siguientes: La transición entre el Holoceno Medio y Tardío (4.000-3.200 arias interpol. I•C BP fue la fase mas húmeda, con pulsos menos húmedos y cálidos alrededor de 3.900, 3.800, 3.500-3.600 y 3.300-3.200 años interpol. I•C BP. El período comprendido entre 3.200-2.650 años interpol. I"C BP fue el mas seco y cálido interrumpido únicamente por un pulso húmedo alrededor de 3.000 años interpol. I•C BP. Este calentamiento solamente es superado por los registros de temperatura de los pasados 50 años. Entre 2.650-2.300 años interpol. "C BP el clima tendió a ser frio y húmedo. De 2.300-1.900 artos interpol. I•C BP se hizo un poco mas cálido y seco con un pulso fuerte de sequía cerca a 2.200-2.100 afros interpol. I•C BP. Entre 1.900-1.200 arms interpol14C BP, fue humedo y con una tendencia progresiva de hacerse cada vez mas frio, de tal suerte que podemos considerar el per