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Sample records for islamic universalism multiculturalism

  1. Why Religious Education Matters: The Role of Islam in Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, James R.

    2009-01-01

    Islam has become an increasingly important topic in American society and education. This article will explore the rationale for teaching about religion in public schools, the role of Islam and Muslims in a multicultural society, and discuss numerous ways in which Islam can be incorporated into multicultural secondary school curricula.

  2. MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION, THE FRAME OF LEARNING ISLAMIC STUDIES TOWARDS ISLAMIC RELIGION TEACHERS BILINGUALLY

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    Taranindya Zulhi Amalia

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Unity in Diversity as Indonesian motto turns into a saying which unifies the nation. Indonesia proudly presents many islands, races, ethnic groups, cultures, and also traditional languages. This symbolizes multiculturalism that has survived in the motherland. Generally, an Indonesian applies traditional and Indonesian languages in daily life and learns English at school or course. Some have practiced other foreign languages such as Arabic as well since it becomes the language of Al-Qur’an. However, English is usually taught as the compulsory subject in every level of disciplines. English belongs to any states of the world. In learning Islam, human being needs to learn and use English. Most references of Islamic studies are written particularly in Arabic and globally in English. Dealing with this issue, a teacher, in this case an Islamic religion teacher as a figure who educates students, should learn Islamic terms in bilingual versions beside his/her own competence. The teacher is expected to have not only multi-skills but also multicultural education. Having diverse students from multiethnic society probably occurs. Afterward, multicultural education nowadays is being a part of the school curriculum and made a compulsory school subject. It offers the prospect for both the teacher and students to learn inclusion materials that contain fundamental principles, such as democracy, humanism, and pluralism or inclusive religious values. All of those principles could be handed in Islamic Education Material Development Based Multicultural in order to build an inclusive religion at school. The materials are as follows (Salamah, 2011: First, the material of the Koran, in determining the choice of verses. Second, the jurisprudence material, can be extended to study fiqh siyasa (government. Third, the material character of the studies focus on the good-bad behavior against God, Apostle, fellow humans, ourselves, as well as the environment, critical to

  3. DROWNING OR WAVING? CITIZENSHIP, MULTICULTURALISM AND ISLAM IN MALAYSIA

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    Steven Drakeley

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines some intriguing shifts in Islamic thinking on questions around citizenship and multiculturalism that have emerged in the Malaysian context in recent years. It does so in the light of the March 2008 election results and other recent political developments, notably the rise of Anwar Ibrahim’s PKR, and considers the implications for Malaysia. Of particular focus is the novel Islam Hadhari concept articulated by UMNO leader Prime Minister Badawi and the relatively doctrinaire Islamic state ideas of Islamist PAS. The article argues that these shifts in Islamic thinking are largely propelled by politics. Partly they are propelled by the logic, in a narrow political sense, imposed by the particular political circumstances that confront these Muslim-based political parties in Malaysia’s multi-ethnic, multi-religious setting. Partly the impetus is derived from growing general concerns in Malaysia that a new and more stable and enduring settlement of the issues associated with the country’s notorious horizontal divisions must be found if Malaysia is to avoid a disastrous plunge into communal conflict or tyranny.

  4. Envisioning Multicultural Education Development in U.S. Islamic Schools in Light of Reviewed Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Atwani, Kadriye

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is first to provide a literature review that informs the race, class, and ethnic diversity among Muslims in the United States; then to show how this literature review may acknowledge developing multicultural education in Islamic schools in the United States. In the direction of these aims, the author reviews the…

  5. Islamic Education With Multicultural Insight An Attempt Of Learning Unity In Diversity

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    Farid Hasyim, M.Ag

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Education has a vital role in smartening up human life; it is not surprising that the way to measure the quality of a civilization is determined by the quality of its educators. In the modern and heterogenic era as today, education with multicultural insight is required in order to give understanding about the importance of unity and diversity, so it is expected that there will be no more violence in the name of race, ethnicity, culture and even religion. Islam is often perceived as a harsh, exclusive and sectarian religion, whereas Islam is full of moral values, compassion, tolerance and inclusion. In response, Islamic education is required to give an understanding to the world that Islam is a religion that respects multiculturalism. This is where Islamic education with multicultural insight must be present in order to explain the relationship between man and God (hablun min Allah, theological aspects; the relationship of unity, namely human relationships with others (hablun min al-nas, anthropo-sociological aspects; and human relationship with the natural surroundings (hablun mi al-’Alam, cosmological aspect.

  6. Multicultural University Education and Museum Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnikova, G. F.; Gilmanshina, S. I.

    2017-09-01

    The specifics of the educational process in the museum are revealed. The experience of using the multicultural educational space of the museum for developing non-humanitarian directions of the university of general cultural competencies is expounded. The emphasis is on the formation of the ability to tolerate social, ethnic, confessional and cultural differences.

  7. ISLAM AND THE ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (AEC: A PERSPECTIVE OF ISLAMIC ECONOMY IN BUILDING A MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY IN INDONESIA

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    Supriono - Supriono

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Problems faced by society in general now is the emergence of a view that places the material aspect which is free of the dimension value in the dominant position. View of life that is based on the ideology of materialism which then push human behavior into economic principals hedonistic, materialistic and secularistic. Indonesia as the country with the world’s largest Islamic community, as well as the role of Muslims in a bid for independence is one proof that Islam teaches morality and responsibility in defending the homeland. Economic role is as the main street permanence in the life of the state. Infact, Islam teaches its followers to be a lot of the individuals who are experts in economic development as a means contributive to realize the vision of building a multicultural Indonesia.

  8. REVITALIZING THE SUNAN KUDUS’ MULTICULTURALISM IN RESPONDING ISLAMIC RADICALISM IN INDONESIA

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    Nur Said

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article’s main focus is on exploring Sunan Kudus’multiculturalism in Java with special focus on revitalizing them in responding Islamic radicalism in Indonesia. In this writing the authors use the semiotic and phenomenological approaches and supported by the oral history. Semiotics in this case can be a form of deconstruction of the understanding that was considered to be established. So it will be able to find the cultural capital with does not separate the spiritualism of Sunan Kudus. Some important conclusions are: First, the presence of Sunan Kudus in has brought the mission of Walisong to transmit a peaceful Islam in Java through a cultural approach, according to prominent local situation and conditions of each. Second, Sunan Kudus has built a successful political integration with the rights of democratic participation that considers tolerance and equality for citizens even though dealing with the different religious communities such as Hindu and Confucianism so that awakened a ‘social system’ with democratic civility, known as “Kudus Darussalam”. Third, the values and spirit of multiculturalism of Sunan Kudus are a cultural capital that will be the habitus of the community and strengthen democratic civility to the level of actions (behaviors, when reconstructed through a systematic educational values in responding the Islamic radicalism in the name of democracy. Keywords: Revitalizing, Sunan Kudus’ multiculturalism, Islamic radicalism

  9. The Islamic Movement at Khairun University Ternate

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    Muhammad Irfan Syuhudi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe Islamic religious thought of Muslim student at KhairunUniversity in Ternate and the dynamic of religious movement organizations on  campus. Informants of this study were selected using purposive method including activists of  Islamic organizations, students, and lecturers of the university. Data were collected using interviews, observation, and documentation, and searching data related to social context of the study from the internet. Findings of the research shows that the type of religious understanding and nationality of Muslim students after the reformation era at Khairun University began experiencing a shift since the presence of trans-national organizations, such as the Indonesian Muslim Student Action Union (KAMMI, Campus Propagation Institute (LDK, Hizbut Tahrir (HT, and Wahdah Islamiyah (WI. Those organizations adopt fundamentalists thought who want purification of Islam, and anti-tradition. Nationality thought adopted by these organizations is a country that imposes Islamic law and Establishes a state of Khilafah (HT. Nevertheless, most students at the Khairun University embrace cultural Islam, following the footsteps of their parents and Ternate society in general.

  10. Faculty Perceptions of Multicultural Teaching in a Large Urban University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigatti, Sylvia M.; Gibau, Gina Sanchez; Boys, Stephanie; Grove, Kathy; Ashburn-Nardo, Leslie; Khaja, Khadiji; Springer, Jennifer Thorington

    2012-01-01

    As college graduates face an increasingly globalized world, it is imperative to consider issues of multicultural instruction in higher education. This study presents qualitative and quantitative findings from a survey of faculty at a large, urban, midwestern university regarding perceptions of multicultural teaching. Faculty were asked how they…

  11. English Medium Instruction in Multilingual and Multicultural Universities:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Birgit; Holmen, Anne; Kling, Joyce

    ’ experiences in the midst of curricular change and presents reflections on ways to professionally navigate in English to meet the demands of the multilingual and multicultural classroom. English Medium Instruction in Multilingual and Multicultural Universities is key reading for university management......English Medium Instruction in Multilingual and Multicultural Universities analyses the issues related to EMI at both a local and international level and provides a broad perspective on this topic. Drawing on field studies from a Northern European context and based primarily on research carried out...

  12. "Islam" In the Anti-Multicultural Rhetoric of Western European Politicians and Anthropologists: Congruence or Coincidence?

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    Marko Pišev

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The recent rhetoric of the "end" or "failure" of multiculturalism in Europe and beyond came as no surprise to anthropologists. Moreover, the statements made by leading politicians of key European economies seem as though they are based on the decades old anthropological critique of the consequences of the failed implementation of multicultural policies in Europe and on the global level. It is as though the messages we have been getting over the course of the last few years – that multicultural policies are contraindicated, that they weaken the contacts between cultures, rob individuals of the right to change and chose their identities and strengthen intra-cultural mediators of power, with patriarchy, violence against women and children, leaving school, religious fundamentalism and even terrorism as main consequences – are being read by politicians from anthropological analyses of abuses of collective "cultural" rights. The paper considers the nature of this similarity between the discourse of politicians and anthropologists with a special emphasis on the status of "Islam" in them, and discusses whether it is congruence or mere coincidence of stances toward minorities, immigrants and cultural differences, as toward the regulations which were tasked with protecting this diversity as a fundamental European value which today, at least at the rhetorical level, seems to be fading.

  13. Islam Pribumi Versus Islam Otentik (Dialektika Islam Universal Dengan Partikularitas Budaya Lokal)

    OpenAIRE

    Susanto, Edi

    2012-01-01

    Tulisan ini berusaha menyajikan lanskap dialektika Islam dengan dimensi lokalitas budaya. Secara dikhotomik, kemudian dimunculkan konsep Islam Pribumi dan Islam otentik dengan segala karakteristik dan implikasinya. Islam pribumi dengan karakteristik ramah lingkungan dan memainkan “politik garam” yang tidak tampak namun menyatu-bersenyawa dengan budaya yang dihinggapinya dan Islam otentik dengan karakteristik “khas Arab” dan memainkan “politik bendera” yang sangat menonjolkan superioritas-he...

  14. Building Multicultural Awareness in University Students Using Synchronous Technology

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    Stork, Michele Garabedian; Zhang, Jingshun; Wang, Charles Xiaoxue

    2018-01-01

    To explore the potential for building multicultural awareness in university students using synchronous technology, faculty members from an American regional state university and a Chinese regional university collaborated to find appropriate ways to integrate synchronous technology (e.g., Adobe Connect) into a teacher education program in the…

  15. Communication Curricula in the Multicultural University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koester, Jolene; Lustig, Myron W.

    1991-01-01

    Argues in favor of developing and adapting curricula with a multicultural perspective. Presents typical problems facing students who are outside their cultural context. Describes the dominance of a United States Anglo perspective in communication skills, theory, and methods courses. Offers five suggestions for developing multicultural…

  16. Giving Learners a Multicultural Voice: An English Speaking University Context

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    Nunan, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Difficulties establishing support for English speakers taking second language electives in postsecondary education in Ireland led to research on how language classes could be more accessible, multicultural, plurilingual and relevant for students in a university language centre. It is important to try and discover why students choose a foreign…

  17. Pendidikan Agama Islam inklusifmultikultural

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    Mahmud Arif

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam is as a universal religion, as a religion for humanity (all humankind, or as a religion for the entire world because of its’ mission as rahmatan li al-’alamin. To realize such mission in Indonesian context, education activity is aimed to raise up a multicultural wisdom and global awareness of the pupils, so in next time they will be able to contribute in preservation of heterogenity and to develop it for attaining a prosperious life, besides to face globalization current appropiately. In this case, islamic education has a duty in transfering inclusive-multiculturalism Islamic teachings to students so that they are able to appreciate global values of Islam, like inclusivism, humanism, tolerance, and democracy.

  18. Contemporary Multi religious and Peaceful Coexistence of Islam in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Contemporary Multi religious and Peaceful Coexistence of Islam in Nigeria's State. ... in a multicultural society tend to lead to the violation of universal human rights, ... religio-phobic, religio-centric and terrorist behaviours among adherents in ...

  19. Internalisasi Multikulturalisme dalam Pendidikan Islam

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    Siti Julaiha

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Human and humanity are positive and optimistic. In Islam, all human come from one source; Nabi Adam and Hawa. Although, human is from the same ancestor, but then they are flourishing into different races, tribes, or nations, with all different cultures and way of life. Those differences provoke them know others and appreciate others. This is, then, called “universal humanity” perspective by Islam that will determine and push the solidarity among others. Multiculturalisme-paradigmed education or multicultural education in Islamic education has been applying for many years. It just need to reform and reinforce, so the Islamic education practitioners realize it and implement it in the all level of Islamic education. Multicultural education has inherently established since the birth of Indonesia, as wellknown of Bhineka Tunggal Ika, gotong royong, helpful, and appreciate others. That is a huge foundation to improve the quality of Islamic multicultural education bigger and bigger. This paper proposes some ideas in internalizasing the Islamic multicultural education.

  20. BUILDING RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ NATIONAL IDENTITY IN MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY (ANALYSIS OF MULTICULTURAL NATIONS’ EXPERIENCE

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    I. L. Pluzhnik

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Development of the pedagogical toolkit for building national identity of young generation has a special significance in terms of modern globalization processes that weaken the national unity and national identity of many countries. Present-day Russian multicultural society is in the search of a meaningful content of the new Russian identity, which is supposed to serve as the basis of the country. In this regard, it is of vital importance to consider the effective experience of national identity development in countries characterized by an extended multicultural structure. The aim of the article is to study, put together and critically assess productive international approaches, methods and technologies for building of university students’ national identity acceptable in the Russian higher education system. Methodology and research methods. The methodology is based on the personal identity theory, the concept of national identity, the theory of ethno-cultural and national stereotypes and the theory of intercultural interaction. To conduct an empirical study, a survey method (questionnaire and the methodology of content analysis were applied. The research methods used in the study include comparative, historical, and contrastive methods. Results and scientific novelty. The concept «national identity» has no common interpretation because of complexity of the term and rather short history of its use in the Russian pedagogical studies; thus, the authors have clarified the definition. Structural and content-related components of the national identity of students have been stated: cognitive, emotional and behavioral, which correlate with national consciousness, national feelings and nationally-based behavior. Practical methods and technologies that ensure a balanced development of ethnocultural and national components of university students’ national identity have been revealed, systematized and structured: inclusive and activity

  1. Core Web Sites of Universities of Islamic world Countries Capitals

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    Farshid Danesh

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to serve the Islamic researchers, providing a web site is inevitable for Islamic Universities which are in transition from the real to the virtual world and. Today, almost all the major universities in Islamic community have websites. But, in the realization of their mission, it is not clear to what extant these universities were successful in terms of information dissemination. The aim of this paper was to determine the core web sites and evaluate the effectiveness, ranking and collaboration rate among these websites. The formulas of core website determination, co-links and in-links analysis and revised web impact factor were used beside cluster and multidimensional analysis methods in this study. Results showed that "King Saud University" website in Saudi Arabia had the highest visibility and the most authoritative website among all university websites. Also, co-link analysis showed that major Islamic university websites had collaboration in 12 clusters based on clustering analysis and in 11 clusters based on multidimensional analysis, where two of them (Iran and Turkey were national clusters in cluster analysis method. Results analysis indicated that web designers in these universities must identify how to attract links and web traffic in order to promote the quality and content of websites. However, the ultimate success of a website was dependent upon factors such as quality, size, language, and the approximate age of a website which was not limited to one or two factors.

  2. Islamic Revolution: a Civilization-building Revolution; Iranian University:

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    Mohammad Baqer Khorramshad

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Revolution and the consequent Islamic state in Iran have revived Iranian-Islamic civilization’s discourse in a modern form which is rooted in both Iranian and Islamic ancient civilizations. Post-revolutionary Iran, as an obviously determinant country in this civilizational field, which has developed the civilization in the modern era, necessarily has to think and act civilizationally in order to resist western Humanist and Materialist affects. Academy is the place within which knowledge, as clearly one of the most important foundations of civilization-building, is produced. Civilization-building is the horizon toward which Iranian Universities should orient themselves. Academy is the canon of science, knowledge, and culture, and therefore plays an affective role in the formation, development and flourishing of a civilization; and it could be said that University is the foundation on which civilization is built. In other words, University in the modern era is not only the site of education and research, but also as an epistemological basis, participates in the process of culture and civilization-building; the matter which this study attempts to elaborate. Thus, we attempt to explain and define the necessary tools and indicators in the process.

  3. Perceptions of Educational Leadership in Medieval Islamic Thought: A Contribution to Multicultural Contexts

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    Arar, Khalid; Haj-Yehia, Kussai

    2018-01-01

    This article identifies main characteristics of Educational Leadership in Islam (ELI), described by four Muslim scholars (in Arabic: 'ulama'), who discussed educational issues and educational leadership during Islam's Golden Age (GA). It uses hermeneutic content analysis of four scholars' Arabic texts to identify the contribution of these texts to…

  4. DINAMIKA STUDI ISLAM DI BARAT

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    M Rusydi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The following writing shows the historicity of Islamic studies in the West. It is important to reflect, at least as a comparison for our Islamic studies in Indonesia. Initially, Islamic studies in the West were looked unfairly. Islam was considered a fragment of Jews and Christian tradition. Thus, Islamic studies were positioned as a subunit of Christian studies. At this condition, Islamic studies tended to be colonized by West scholars’ ideology. However, in 1980, Islamic studies began to be looked fairly in the West. Funded by National Endowment for the Humanities, University of Arizona for the first time held an international symposium on Islam and Religious Studies. In this symposium, Islam was considered equally with Christian. Therefore, the research on it was not only about Islam as religion but also as civilization. It was indicated by various approaches to Islam such as philology, social and humanities approaches. Today, Islamic studies develop intensively with the contemporary approaches called post-orientalism which is based on post-colonialism, post-structuralism, multiculturalism, and critical theory.

  5. 40 Tahun Penyelidikan Fakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

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    Ahmad Sunawari Long

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Since its establishment on May 18, 1970, various researches on Islam and Muslim communities were conducted by researchers of Faculty of Islamic Studies. Various grants are channelled to the researchers, including IRPA grant, (The Intensification of Research in Priority Areas, FRGS Grant (Fundamental Research Grant Scheme, Grant from government agencies such as the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM and the Ministry of Education, University Research Grant (GUP, Action/Strategic Research Grant, Arus Perdana Grant, Laluan Pantas Grant and Incentive Grant Funds. Since its establishment, it is estimated that RM3 million grant has been granted to the researchers. Although there are various grants and the number of extensive researches, the result of the researches have not been published in any high impact journals such as Scopus and ISI (Institute for Scientific Information. The change of qualitative research to quantitative research that emphasizes the quantitative elements and its impact to the country should be intensified in the Faculty of Islamic Studies.

  6. Validation of the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale for Multicultural Screening in Danish Memory Clinics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Rune; Andersen, Birgitte Bo; Gottrup, Hanne

    2013-01-01

    Background/Aims: The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) is a brief cognitive screening test that was developed to detect dementia in multicultural populations. The RUDAS has not previously been validated in multicultural populations outside of Australia. The aim of this study...

  7. A Vicarious Learning Activity for University Sophomores in a Multiculturalism Course

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    Chennault, Ronald E.

    2005-01-01

    How can one teach a course about multiculturalism to a broad spectrum of university sophomores in a way that is research-based, pedagogically sound, and appealing--all in ten weeks? In this article, the author states that a course he teaches, "Multiculturalism in Education," examines cultural differences as they relate to social inequalities in…

  8. Influence of Multiculturalism on the Study Programs in Malaysian Public Universities: International Students' Perceptions

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    Pandian, Ambigapathy; Baboo, Shanthi Balraj; Mahfoodh, Omer Hassan Ali

    2016-01-01

    In response to the emphasis on the benefits of enhanced multicultural educational experiences of international students in higher education, this study examined international students' perceptions of the influence of multiculturalism on the study programs in Malaysian public universities. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. The…

  9. Teaching with Literature: the Needs of Indonesian Islamic Universities

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    Dedi Irwansyah

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Reading literary works helps learners grow linguistically, personally, culturally, and spiritually. However, researchers in the field of ESL and EFL have not conducted adequate analysis on the use of literature as a resource particularly in a multi-layered educational contexts like Indonesian Islamic universities where values embedded in literature might be in conflict with each other. This research therefore aims to provide a thick description on the target needs and the learning needs of teaching with literature in such context. A case study with qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection was conducted. A questioner was distributed to 30 students and a semi-structured interview was conducted to five lecturers from three Islamic universities. Major findings show that short stories with the topics of noble character, self-empowerment, freedom, code of conduct, and greed are preferable to novel, drama, and poem. The stories in the forms of their simplified and original versions should be used to teach language skills and to inculcate global, national, and Islamic values within the CTL framework. Values similarities are to be the basis of teaching universal values while their differences are to strengthen cross-culture understanding.

  10. An Insight into Islamic Pedagogy at the University of University of al-Qarawiyyin

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    Hardaker, Glenn; Sabki, A'ishah Ahmad

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight into teaching practice of the University of al-Qarawiyyin, Morocco, with a particular focus on Islamic pedagogy. Design/methodology/approach: The authors conducted daily participant observations of "teaching circles" over a seven-month period. The participant observation was achieved from…

  11. Validation of the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale for multicultural screening in Danish memory clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, T Rune; Andersen, Birgitte Bo; Gottrup, Hanne; Lützhøft, Jan H; Høgh, Peter; Waldemar, Gunhild

    2013-01-01

    The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) is a brief cognitive screening test that was developed to detect dementia in multicultural populations. The RUDAS has not previously been validated in multicultural populations outside of Australia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the RUDAS in a multicultural sample of patients referred to Danish memory clinics. Data were collected from 137 consecutive patients (34 with an immigrant background) in three Danish memory clinics. All patients were given the RUDAS as a supplement to the standard diagnostic workup. Diagnostic accuracy for the RUDAS [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.838] was similar to that of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; AUC = 0.840). The cutoff score with the best balance of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy was multicultural patient populations. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. Official website usage by university in crisis communication: Case study from Islamic University of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Prastya, Narayana Mahendra

    2017-01-01

    This paper aims to discuss about crisis communication activities using official website in educational organizations. The case of this paper is how Islamic University of Indonesia (UII) responding the crisis following the death of three students in UII freshman orientation program. The data of this research using UII official statement that posted in the university official website between 23 January 2017- 31 January 2017. The consideration to choose the time frame because it was the most cri...

  13. Supporting Multiculturalism and Gender Diversity in University Settings

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    Zhou, Molly Y., Ed.

    2015-01-01

    Despite modern technology and the focus on international business striving to make the world a smaller place, many organizations still struggle with the need for diversity and multiculturalism. This issue is also present in academia, as women of color and those previously perceived to be in the ethnic minority continue the journey to become the…

  14. Interracial Bridging Social Capital among Students of a Multicultural University in Malaysia

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    Tamam, Ezhar

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the influence of interracial socialization and race on interracial bridging social capital among Malaysian students of a multicultural Malaysian public university was examined. Results reveal a narrowed level of interracial bridging social capital among the students. The minority Chinese and the majority Malays do not differ in…

  15. An Online Course in Multicultural Materials for LIS Graduate Students at the University of South Florida

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    Alexander, Linda B.

    2008-01-01

    The author discusses the content included in an online course on "Multicultural Materials for Young Adults and Children." This graduate course (LIS 5937) for Library and information Science students at the University of South Florida, is a very popular offering for those who plan to work with youth in libraries. The class teaches…

  16. Multiculturalism Is a Condition of the Heart: White Voices inside the Walls of Southern Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilder, Lynn K.

    2015-01-01

    Multiculturalism was founded after the genocide of the Holocaust to ensure acts of annihilation toward a people group never again occurred. Fifty years after the Civil Rights Movement in the United States, diverse faculty and diverse students are still underrepresented in universities. In absentia and expecting more diverse faculty, how can White…

  17. IntlUni - The Challenges of the Multilingual and Multicultural Learning Space in the International University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.

    IntlUni: The challenges of the multilingual and multicultural learning space in the international university The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented increase in the internationalisation of higher education. This means that more people in higher education than ever before are teaching...... education adds value – or has the potential to add value – to the programmes offered and the learning outcomes achieved by students, the overarching aim of IntlUni is to identify the quality criteria that characterize or should characterize teaching and learning in the multilingual and multicultural...

  18. Islamic Counselling Model to Increase Religious Commitment (Study of Students at the University UIN Bandung

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    Fenti Hikmawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to test the effectiveness of Islamic counseling model for helping the students to tight their religious commitment. The religious commitment is covered in three major Islamic teachings: Iman (faith, Islam (surrender to Allah, and lhsan (state of being observed by Allah. The model of Islamic counseling aims to tight students' religious commitment must to be applied immediately because the preface study reveals some students' religious commitment were not strong enough, their behavior and thinking symptoms tend to not appropriate yet with Islam norm among their association and conception toward the truth of God. To achieve the aim, the study was carried out with three steps: (1 designing a model of counseling; (2 trying out field study, using pretest-post test control group experimental design with 140 students of Islamic Religion Education, the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching, State Islamic University, Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung. Of 140 students, 70 students are from the classes: A (32 people, B (38 people, involved in control group and the test; 37 people from class C, and 33 students from class D involved in the experiment group, and; (3 designing a final model by revising the model tried-out. The variable involved three major Islamic dimensions: the iman, Islam, and ihsan of the students. The model was designed based on the theory put forward by Musfir bin Said Az-Zalmmi, that is, an integrated counseling model. The model combines and employs the ideas from other concepts into a tightly united concept, called Islamic concept. Upon completing analysis, it was found that the new concept is significantly effective to enhance students' religious commitment. A Model of Islamic Counseling (MIC is an alternative-counseling model that can be employed for teenagers/ students to enhance their religious commitment. The study recommends that: (1 MIC can be applied to fifth semester students in the Faculty of Tarbiyah State Islamic

  19. Universality of revealed Law and reflections on religions in Medieval Islamic philosophy: a few considerations

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    Sara Barchiesi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available By analysing some Medieval Islamic philosophical theories, this paper aims at investigating the approach adopted by authors such as Avicenna and Averroës in respect of religions different from those of origin (Judaism, Christianism, Zoroastrianism and Sabeism. Moreover, it reflects on the universality of Islamic religion. The author will examine these philosophers' thoughts on prophetic teaching, recalling the Platonic sources from which they were developed, she will motivate the relevance of such thoughts in political science and she will explain their purposes. Furthermore, through a comparison with several scholars who have focused on whether Islamic Law has a conventional or natural status, she will try to investigate the origins of this problem, by examining the universal message that those Islamic Medieval philosophers found in revealed Law and the reasons that led them to present it as addressed to the whole mankind.

  20. The Situation of Top Universities\\\\\\' Websites in the Islamic World Countries: a Webometric Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzieh Goltaji

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available With regards to important role of universities’ websites, this article aimed to study top universities of the Islamic countries using webometrics methods. Research data were extracted from AltaVista search engine and WEBOMETRICS website. In this study, top universities of the Islamic countries were ranked with some indexes such as number of links, web impact factor, world rank, size, visibility, rich files and scholar. Results showed that there was a significant relation between web impact factor with some indicators such as world rank, size, rich files and scholar, but there was not any significant relation between web impact factor and visibility of the website. Strong significant correlation between top universities of the Islamic world countries websites’ world rank and their ranks based on GDP was another result that we can mention in this study.

  1. Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Sandra L.

    1996-01-01

    This is a study of Islamic fundamentalism in Indonesia. Islamic fundamentalism is defined as the return to the foundations and principles of Islam including all movements based on the desire to create a more Islamic society. After describing the practices and beliefs of Islam, this thesis examines the three aspects of universal Islamic fundamentalism: revivalism, resurgence, and radicalism. It analyzes the role of Islam in Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule, an alien Christian imperialist po...

  2. Four days of life university after Islamic revolution: From April 19 to April 22, 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rezaie

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available After 1979 Islamic revolution, from April 20 to 22, 1980 universities in Tehran, Tabriz and some other cities, experienced an outstanding political juncture. Active collegiate political groups were compelled to surrender their rooms and offices, and leave the universities’ campus. Accordingly, universities and cities were the scene of bloody clashes. As a matter of fact, university as the fortress of freedom, resistance and revolution against Pahlavi was about to change its revolutionary identity and to adapt new role of an engaged proponent of Islamic regime. Concerning to Badiou’s concept of empty space and Delousian Rhizomatic analysis, we study related news and pictures of related newspapers. Concludingly, we demonstrate the set of relations in which Islamic university renovates. Also, we illustrate how the universities, on the one hand, acted as an agent and a mechanism for de-centering the revolutionary characteristic, and remaining this “Holy Place”, in Ayatollah Khomeini’s word, as a permanent Islamic partisan of new born political regime, simultanouly.

  3. Assessment by Employers of Newly Graduated Civil Engineers from the Islamic University of Gaza

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enshassi, Adnan; Hassouna, Ahmed

    2005-01-01

    The evaluation process is very important to identify and recognize the strengths and the weaknesses of graduated students. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the performance of the newly graduated civil engineers from the Islamic University of Gaza in Palestine. The methodology was based on questionnaires and informal interview. The…

  4. THE PHENOMENON OF (ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM IN A NON-‘RELIGIOUS’ CAMPUS: A CASE STUDY AT HASANUDDIN UNIVERSITY MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufani Taufani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to describe and examine the phenomenon of Islamic fundamentalism on the campus of Hasanuddin University (UNHAS. Islamic fundamentalism is a phenomenon that emerged after the reform and it is commonly encountered in the campus world. The trend shows that the phenomenon of Islamic fundamentalism is growing in the campus that has no particular religious affiliation and is often driven by the propagation of the Campus Dakwah Organization (LDK. This research would like to test the thesis that whether it is relevant to the context of the Hasanuddin University that in fact is not a religiously-affiliated campus or the contrary. The method of collecting data was done through observation of the activities of the LDK activist at the Hasanuddin University (UNHAS Campus Dakwah Organization’s Musholla Lovers (LDK-MPM, in-depth interviews, documentation/review of previous research and papers. This research shows that Islamic fundamentalism led by LDK-MPM is growing at the Hasanuddin University. This phenomenon emerged as the implications of the post-reform freedom, so that these opportunities are exploited by activists to channel their euphoria, because at the time of the new order, their propagation had a fairly limited space. Another factor that led to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism and growing at Hasanuddin University is because the students did not have comprehensive Islamic references, so that they had no checklist for critiquing and examining the ideology of Islamic fundamentalism. In addition, the emergence of modernity considered to bring the negative excesses also serves as another factor being the cause of Islamic fundamentalism. Therefore, the ideology of Islamic fundamentalism emerged as an alternative to counteract the negative excesses. Keywords: Islamic Fundamentalism, LDK-MPM, Hasanuddin University.

  5. Professional Language Training of International Students in the Multicultural Environment of University for International Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana Glebova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses the specific features of professional language training of international students in the multicultural environment of a Russian university teaching students of international relations. After a brief historical survey of teaching foreign students in the universities of Russia, the writer considers the factors that influence the choice of universities graduating specialists in international relations by foreign students. The author goes on to analyze the specifics of linguisticand socio-cultural environment in Russian universities and its impact on international students stressing the fact that the educational environment at MGIMO-University is multilingual and multicultural. That explains the relevance of studying the quality of professional language training of foreign students in the sphere of international relations. The language of teaching in most universities of the Russian Federation is Russian, besides, all MGIMO students are obliged to learn English either as their first or second foreign language, that is why international students have to study in a tri-lingual environment and the interfering influence of several cultures. The writer points out that under such circumstances it is necessary for future IR specialists to build a number of professionally relevant competences: linguistic, socio-cultural, communicative, and suggests educational technologies that have proved to be effective in building them: case-study, role-plays, etc. The article gives special attention to the place and role of translation in teaching English as translation is a system of encoding within the system of two language systems. Translating phrases from Russian into English the student does 'inner', mental translation using the mother tongue. That makes the author suggest using the students'mother tongues in the teaching process. While learning foreign languages, international students should, along with language material, study the system

  6. An Assessment of Educational Leaders' Multicultural Competences in Ethiopian Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geleta, Abeya; Amsale, Frew

    2016-01-01

    Multicultural Competences of higher education leaders refer directly to the multicultural knowledge, attitudes and skills of the leaders which is the focus of the present study. The demographic changes and the subsequent diversity in Ethiopian HEIs strongly demands the HEIs to be multiculturally competent, their leaders should in turn have the…

  7. E-LEARNING READINESS AMONG MEDICAL EDUCATORS IN UNIVERSITI SAINS ISLAM MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Salleha Khalid; Tengku Madeehah Tengku Mohd; Khadijah Hassanah; Suhaila Sanip; Muhammad Shamsir Aris; Khaironi Sharif; Mohd Mokthar

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances in information technology has made e-learning feasible in many fields of education. Medical education is not any different. This survey is conducted among all the medical educators in Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) assessing their readiness and attitudes towards e-learning. A cross-sectional questionnaires assessing the IT skills, Internet usage, attitude, perceived benefits and usage of e-learning among USIM medical lecturers were used. Data gained were then analyzed....

  8. Islamic Educational Transformation: A Study of Scientific and Competence Development in the Study Program of Islamic Education in State Islamic Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The research is descriptive and evaluative about religion and modernization of education for the purpose of finding and describing new problems regarding the basic framework of scientific and curriculum development at PAI Studies Program. The purpose of this study is to describe and reveal indicators of the basic framework changes, the views and attitudes of academicians, curriculum development, and learning process that mainly based on information technology. The research was conducted on three State Islamic Universities, namely UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, and UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang with subject research Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching Sciences or PAI study program, and sampling technic was done by purposive random. The data was collected by observation method of participation, structured and in-depth interviews and questionnaire method to faculty (leader and students. Data analysis was performed through the logical interpretation and constant comparation. This research is conducted in the field by collecting data, writing and provide a logical interpretation of the data. Based on data and analysis above, it can be concluded that implementation of scientific development conducted by study programs/majors PAI to realize an integrated-interconnection approach is already reflected in the determination of the base (vision and mission majors, policies (quality objectives or quality assurance, programs, and learning process. Whole has grown, when it is understood from the meaning of modernization of education (change/development model of education management, from the old way/conventional leads to a more contemporary.

  9. Universities with multicultural disrupted past: what meanings current students attribute to them?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Dobosh

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The changing of pre-war borders of Central and Eastern Europe after WW II caused not only belonging of certain territories to definite countries but also the massive forced relocation of population from those territories. The total change of the population in the multicultural cities affected also institutions, such as universities by changing their staff, language, and national profile. Nowadays, when modern universities are facing post-modernity challenges it is extremely difficult to talk about role, mission, and meaning of this institution, especially in the context of disrupted historical tradition. Look at the problem from the different perspective, from inside will show the tendencies of meanings current students of the universities with long but disrupted historical past attribute to their Alma maters. Are they aware of the presence of representatives of different national groups that created university community before WW II? This article will present results of three studies conducted at three universities that changed their national profile after WWII: Vilnius University in Lithuania (formerly a Polish university, Lviv University in Ukraine (formerly a Polish university and Wrocław University in Poland (formerly a German university. Both at Vilnius University and Lviv Universiy 150 university students participated in the study. At Wrocław University 152 university students participated in the study. The present analysis will try to explore the variety of meanings current students of those three universities attribute to their place of study. It will try to show if current students are aware of the university’s complex history and, if they include/exclude historical meanings connected with representatives of the different national group? Also, it will look at the possible differences between meaning attribution and perception of the university past among representatives of these three universities. Lviv, Wrocław, and Vilnius

  10. IntlUni - The Challenges of the Multilingual and Multicultural Learning Space in the International University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.

    learning space, and to develop recommendations for how higher education institutions may implement and ensure the sustainability of quality teaching and learning in this space. IntlUni is a three-year Erasmus Academic Network (2012-2015) and has received financial support from the European Commission......IntlUni: The challenges of the multilingual and multicultural learning space in the international university The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented increase in the internationalisation of higher education. This means that more people in higher education than ever before are teaching...... and learning through the medium of a language other than their own first languages. What are the implication of this for lecturers and students? And what are the implications for this for the quality of European higher education programmes? Taking it for granted that the internationalisation of higher...

  11. Teaching University Students Cultural Diversity by Means of Multi-Cultural Picture Books in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jia-Fen

    2017-01-01

    In a pluralistic society, learning about foreign cultures is an important goal in the kind of multi-cultural education that will lead to cultural competency. This study adopted a qualitative dominant mixed-method approach to examine the effectiveness of the multi-cultural picture books on: (1) students' achieving awareness towards cultural…

  12. Study on attitudes of students of Islamic Azad University Tehran Medical Branch toward food safety, 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miri, Ali; Poursadeghiyan, Mohsen; Baneshi, Mohammad Mehdi; Biglari, Hamed; Yari, Ahmad Reza; Khammar, Alireza

    2017-05-01

    Given the importance of high-quality healthy food for humans, contamination control is the most important concern for healthy staff. To determine the attitudes of students at Islamic Azad University (Tehran Medical Branch) toward food safety. This cross-sectional and analytic-descriptive study was conducted on 326 students of Azad University of Medical Sciences in 2016. A self-made questionnaire consisting of 40 questions was used. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed using internal consistency method (Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.80). After collecting data, we use descriptive statistical indexes (mean and standard deviation) among demographic variables and the level of knowledge to describe and analyze the data. The participants' attitudes and operation are measured by Spearman tests, and the analytical results are given using SPSS version 20. According to the findings, 55.3, 30 and 14.7 percent of students had high, moderate and low attitude scores toward food safety, respectively. In addition, male and female students had equal attitudes toward food safety, and no significant relationship between sex and attitude was observed a significant difference (p>0.05), but between educational levels (p=0.008) and ages (p=0.001) of students significance was a positive correlation. Due to the low attitudes score of about half of the students of Islamic Azad University Tehran Medical Branch toward food safety, it can be claimed, food safety training in this community is required.

  13. MODEL KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM MULTIKULTURAL DI PONDOK PESANTREN MODERN ISLAM ASSALAM SURAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Aly

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to: (1 investigate the curriculum planning of Assalaam Modern Islamic Boarding School Surakarta (henceforth MIBS and its multicultural values; (2 understand the implementation of Assalaam MIBS curriculum and its multicultural values; (3 reveal the curriculum evaluation of  Assalaam MIBS and its multicultural values; and (4 search a model of curriculum development for multicultural Islamic Boarding Schools. This research produces 4 find- ings. First, closely investigated from multicultural perspectives, the curriculum planning of Assalaam  MIBS  includes  both  multicultural  values  (democratic  and  justice  values  and  antimulticultural values (discrimination and injustice values. Second, in the curriculum implementation, both multicultural and antimulticultural values are exposed to students. While the values of democracy, solidarity, togetherness, love, forgiveness, peace and tolerance are embedded in the learning materials, activities, and evaluation, the values of discrimination and injustice are found in the learning references, available only for special service program as opposed to regular programs. Third, the curriculum evaluation contains multicultural values such as democracy, peace, tolerance, and togetherness particularly embedded in the processes and product of curriculum evaluation. On the other hand, conflict, hegemony and domination values are found in the interac- tion among students in daily school environments. Fourth, the model curriculum of multicultural Islamic Boarding School needs to consider three aspects: (1 the planning of the multicultural Islamic boarding school curriculum is determined by its process and product; (2 the implementation of the multicultural Islamic Boarding school curriculum is determined by the textbooks that contain multicultural values; learning strategies that stimulate students’ active participation in democratic and interesting learning activities; and

  14. General Health Status Among Students of Islamic Azad University: A Cross-Sectional Study from Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Taghi Savadpour

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study: Health is one of the basic needs of human. There is a close relationship between physical and mental health. Human psyche is directly affected by his physical condition, and mutually his body and actions of human systems are influenced by psychological and mental space. Students because of their particular circumstances are vulnerable to mental health problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the general health status of students of Islamic Azad University. Materials & Methods: This descriptive analytical research was conducted on 478 students of Khalkhal Islamic Azad University. Simple random sampling method was used. General health questionnaire (GHQ-28 was used as research tool. Following data collection, data were analyzed using SPSS Software 13. Results: The results show that mean score of general health of the subjects is higher than cutoff. In this study, 21.3 percent of students were suspected of impaired health. Also, status of general health of female students was worse than male students and significant statistical relationship was observed between general health status and all its sub-scales except depression and gender (P < 0.5. Conclusions: G eneral health of students especially female students is impaired which may considerably affect their learning and performance and academic achievement.

  15. A new framework for performance evaluation system using strategy map: A case study of Islamic Azad University of Semnan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsaneh Mozaffari

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there have been extensive developments on Islamic Azad University, which has led on reduction of managerial flexibility. Therefore, these organizations concentrate on their strategic management via usage of the Balanced Model such as Balanced Score Card (BSC to consider different organizational perspectives and it is important to have good description of organizational strategies and goals. The strategy map is a primary factor to assess the performance in different organizational activities. In this paper, the performance evaluation system of Islamic Azad University of Semnan is designed by the utilization of strategy map as a prominent part of BSC.

  16. The Prevalence of Substance Use among Bandar Abas Azad Islamic University Students

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    Hamid Mardani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Substance abuse is one of the most important problem and disease in current century that produced wide worry in the entire world. The solving of addiction among young and educated population is more important issue. The current research was aimed the study of the prevalence rate of the substance use (included: opium, alcohol, cigarette, Hubble bubble among Bandar Abas azad Islamic university students. Method: In this cross sectional study 310 university students were selected by stratified random sampling. For gathering data the prevalence substance use questionnaire was used. Results: The findings showed the start age was 22-25 years old. Also, prevalence rate of cigarette, Hubble bubble, opium, and alcohol were higher in boy students in comparison of girl students. The rate of difference was significant by run of chi square analysis. Conclusion: Sex, the history of substance use in family member, and friends were risk factors of substance use.

  17. Simple energy auditing of male and female campus International Islamic University, Islamabad

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anam, S.; Irum, S.; Tahira, S.; Anjuman, S.

    2011-01-01

    Natural resources are an important source of national wealth around the world play an important role in the development of a nation. Due to limited amount of nonrenewable energy sources it is important to conserve natural resources so that they will be available for future generations. Energy audit is a tool to conserve energy. A simple energy audit was conducted at male and female campus of International Islamic university Islamabad. The data has been collected through w alk through survey . Total electricity consumption was determined by calculating the watts of existing electrical appliances in the campuses and than calculate saving potential by replacing three parameters computers, large tube lights and air conditions by energy efficient appliances. The results shows that by replacing current electrical appliances installed in the buildings about 26.5 % of energy would be saved. The university is still under construction it is suggested that in new buildings energy efficient appliance should be installed. (author)

  18. Obstacles of Search Engines Used by Graduate Students at The Faculty of Education, The Islamic University in Gaza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fayez Kamal Shaladan

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to identify obstacles of search engines used by graduate students at the Faculty of Education, the Islamic University in Gaza, and to overcome them. The researchers utilized the analytical descriptive approach to achieve the goal of the study. They used the interview tool and designed a questionnaire to collect data for the study. The sample of the study was (164 male and female postgraduate students enrolled in the College of Education. The study results were as follows: The degree of obstacles to the use of search engines among postgraduate students at the Faculty of Education at the Islamic University in Gaza was high with a percentage of (%71.05.There were no statistically significant differences between the averages of the study sample for the obstacles of the use of the search engines among the postgraduate students in the Faculty of Education, the Islamic University due to the gender and academic variables, the cumulative average. An exception to this was the third theme which was personal constraints which had differences in favor of students whose cumulative rates were less than (%85. The study concluded with these recommendations: The university should subscribe to various search engines revise admission terms and conditions for postgraduate studies whereby English and computer courses can be included. Keywords: Search engines, Students, Postgraduate studies, Islamic University.

  19. The Influence of University Coursework on Pre-service Middle and High School Teachers' Experiences with Multicultural Themes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Geeta

    2009-08-01

    The study explored the influence of university-based teacher education courses on pre-service middle and high school teachers’ experiences with multicultural themes in a secondary science alternative certification program. Eight participants ( N = 8), six women and two men, volunteered to be a part of the study that took place over a period of four semesters. Qualitative data was collected, coded and analyzed to make meaning of the participants’ experiences. Data comprised of participants’ reflective journals, personal and group interviews, and classroom observations done in middle school practicum and high school student teaching placements. The findings indicated that while the participants became more familiar with the themes of multicultural education, many did not demonstrate fluency with these themes and struggled with balancing their responsibilities as a science teacher and a culturally competent teacher.

  20. Role of Social Networks in Developing Religious and Social Values of the Students of the World Islamic Sciences & Education University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mosa, Nosiba Ali

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed to identify the role of Social Networks in the social and religious values of The World Islamic Sciences & Education University students. The study applied the survey and descriptive Approach. The population of the study represents all BA students who enrolled in the first academic semester for the year 2014-2015. The sample of…

  1. Relationship between Religious Orientation (Internal-External) With Methods of Overcoming Stress in Students of Islamic Azad University of Abhar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari, Alireza

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between religious orientation (internal-external) and the ways of coping stress (problem-based and emotion-based) in the students of IAU (Islamic Azad University), Abhar Branch. Religion with internal origin is comprehensive and has well-organized principles. However, religion with external origin is a device…

  2. PENDIDIKAN ISLAM MULTIKULTURAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF FILOSOFIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma’mun Mu'min

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the years 1950 of multicultural education discourse. The reason involves the issue of racism and discrimination against minority groups originating from Africa. 1970s discourse becomes stronger, such as in America, England, Germany, and others. 1980 is seen as the beginning of the emergence of multicultural educational institutions, as initiated by James A Banks et al. The idea of multicultural education is gaining momentum globally as recommended UNISCO in October 1994 in Geneva Switzerland. Among mulikultural educational thinkers of the West, like James A Banks, L. Derman-Sparks, Dawn Gill, Geneva Gay, Christine Sleeter, Peter McLaren, Donna M. Gollnick, Philip Chinn, Will Kymlica, G. Shin and P. Gorski ,Islamic thinkers who carries a lot of Islamic education multicultural issues, such as Fazlur Rahman, "Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, Mohammed Arkoun, Muhammad Shahrour, Humayun Kabir, and 'Ali Shari'ati, and Mamadiou Dia. Of Indonesia, such as Mansour Fakih, H.A.R. Tilaar, Nurcholish Madjid, Azyumardi Azra, and M. Amin Abdullah. Their sincerity in spreading the idea of multicultural education must be bad sometimes, like humuman sentenced to death, was expelled from the country or convicted of apostasy by its opponents.Islamic multicultural education is a response to a variety of global discourse, especially intercultural and multicultural studies that have been developed in the United States and Erofa caused by discriminatory attitudes in the majority to the minority. As in America and Erofa, multicultural Islamic education aims to build a tolerant attitude, pluralistic, humanistic and inclusive towards fellow human beings. But not infrequently Islamic multicultural education has also become a tool for the control authorities, as happened in the world of education in Indonesia in the New Order era.This article is intended to elaborate on Islamic multicultural education in a philosophical perspective.

  3. Islamic fatalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmer Ringgren

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available The author sketches the historical background, then the teaching of the Koran, and finally, the development of the typical Islamic fatalism. The fatalism of Islam has to be viewed against the background of the ideas of pre-Islamic Arabia. Unfortunately, there is no other evidence from this epoch that a few poems on a very restricted range of topics which have been able to survive Islamic censure. The conventional and stereotyped character of these poems makes it difficult to decide to what extent they reflect commonly accepted views or the ideas of a certain group. In any case, they present a picture of the pagan Arab which is extremely idealized and formed after a rigid pattern. Historically speaking, Islamic 'fatalism' is the result of a combination of pre-Islamic fatalism and Muhammad's belief in God's omnipotence. From another point of view it is an interpretation of destiny that expresses man's feeling of total dependence, not on an impersonal power or universal order, but on an omnipotent God.

  4. Evaluation of workshops on healing through multicultural counseling ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of workshops on healing through multicultural counseling: Sport psychology implications. ... Healing through multicultural counselling workshops were conducted at universities in South Africa and ... AJOL African Journals Online.

  5. Survey Leading Organization Pada Organisasi Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Bantam, Dian J

    2015-01-01

    Islamic University is islamic organization that care with public's need, especially for education. One of the vision of Islamic Universities is leading and islamic, to bravely innovate and develop education based on islam. The aim of this study examined one models of Four God-Guided Organizations, there are leading organization. Sample included Islamic universities in Yogyakarta with 112 employees. MANOVA and descriptive test is used to analyze the data. Results showed approximately 48% of Is...

  6. Providing a Flexible Course in Multicultural, International Communications within a Traditional University School of Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joy, Robert O.

    1990-01-01

    Describes a summer course designed for students interested in business, workers in business, and entrepreneurs to improve their skills in multicultural international business communication. Notes that students' comments and teacher evaluations suggest that the experience with the class was generally positive. (RS)

  7. ISLAM DAN PENDIDIKAN HUMANIS DALAM RESOLUSI KONFLIK SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sagaf S. Pettalongi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Masyarakat Indonesia memiliki kemajemukan dan keragaman sosial, baik suku, budaya, adat istiadat, maupun agama. Keragaman ini merupakan potensi besar dalam pembangunan bangsa sekaligus menjadi potensi kerawanan konflik sosial. Setidaknya ada dua hal yang dapat dipakai dalam menengahi dan mencegah terjadinya konflik sosial di Indonesia. Pertama, peran Islam sebagai agama mayoritas yang damai. Islam dengan penganut mayoritas memiliki kontribusi yang besar dalam mencegah terjadinya konflik sosial karena Islam merupakan agama perdamaian. Islam harus menjadi rahmatan lil alamin. Kedua peran pendidikan yang humanis. Pendidikan humanis menekankan pemanusiaan manusia. Pendidikan humanis memberi keseimbangan dalam kecerdasan intelektual, emosional, sosial dan spiritual. Untuk mewujudkan konsep pendidikan yang humanis dalam resolusi konflik sosial diperlukan peran dan implementasi pendidikan multikultural dan pendidikan karakter. Keduanya diyakini dapat menjadi solusi nyata bagi konflik dan disharmoni yang terjadi di dalam masyarakat sebagai efek dari kemajemukan dan pluralitas masyarakat Indonesia. Kata Kunci : Islam, pendidikan humanis, konflik sosial, multikultural dan karakter ISLAM DAN HUMANISTIC EDUCATION IN SOCIAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION Abstract: Indonesia is a country with ethnic, culture, custom, and religion pluralism and diversity. This diversity is a great potential in the nation development as well as a potential for social conflicts. There are at least two things that can be used to mediate and prevent social conflicts in Indonesia. First, the role of Islam as the religion of the majority for peace has a great contribution to prevent social conflicts as Islam is a religion of peace. Islam should really be the mercy and kindness for the universe. The second is the role of humanistic education which emphasizes humanizing humans. Humanistic education provides a balance in the intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual intelligence. The

  8. ORIENTALISME, LIBERALISME ISLAM, DAN PENGEMBANGAN STUDI ISLAM DI IAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahwan Fanani

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The recent development of Islamic Studies in IAIN (The State Institute for Islamic Studies shows a trend to combine Islamic studies based on traditional approaches and methods with that employed in Western universities or orientalism. The trend is promoted by Indonesian scholar graduates from Western Universities, and results in the growth of Islamic liberalism. To some Islamic revivalism advocates, the trend is considered misleading, and IAIN with its lecturers pursuing studies in Western universities are accused to be agents of Islamic liberalism in Indonesia. Contrarily, some Islamic scholars see the trend as a bright future for development of Islamic studies in Indonesia. The situation puts IAIN in a dilemma either to keep on traditional approaches and methods or to adopt deliberately new ones coming from Western tradition. In my opinion, IAIN should apply them both and combine them to promote better future of Islamic studies in Indonesia.

  9. Investigating the Relationship between Job Stress and its Coping Strategies with Marital and Job Satisfaction among Female Employees of Islamic Azad University, Kazeroon Branch

    OpenAIRE

    MOTAHARI, Seyedeh Soraya; AIBAGHI ESFAHANI, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. This study investigated the relationship between job stress and marital satisfaction of women in Islamic Azad University, Kazeroon Brach. Two job stress questionnaires of Philip L. Rice (1992) and marital satisfaction questionnaire of Enrich (1997) were completed and examined by female employees of the Islamic Azad University, Kazeroon Brach, who were selected randomly. The results showed that women have job stress. The results showed that there is a negative correlation coefficient...

  10. Evaluation of Narrative Therapy in the Decrease of Female Students’ Identity Crisis in the Department of Sciences and Counseling of Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Masoumeh Komijani; Parivash Vakili

    2015-01-01

    Background: The present research aimed to investigate the effect of narrative therapy on the decreasing of female students’ identity crisis in the Faculty of Educational Sciences and Counseling of Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran.Methods: The present study was a quasi-experiment with pre-test, post-test, and control group design. The statistical population included all the female students of the Faculty of Educational Sciences and Counseling of Islamic Azad University,...

  11. University Cultural Construction under the Multicultural Background%多元文化教育背景下的高校文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱涛

    2012-01-01

    Multicultural education embodies the thoughts of equality,freedom,tolerance and harmony.This paper analyzes the current university multicultural coexistence with the present situation and the confusion in the construction,puts forward some ideas of university cultural construction under the multicultural background.%多元文化教育体现了平等,自由,宽容与和谐的思想。本文分析了当前高校目前的情况和建设混乱的多元文化共存,多元文化的背景下提出的大学文化建设的一些想法。

  12. Teaching Technique of Islamic Studies in Higher Learning Institutions for Non-Arabic Speakers: Experience of Faculty of Quranic and Sunnah Studies and Tamhidi Centre, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aziz, Azniwati Abdul; Ibrahim, Mohamed Akhiruddin; Shaker, Mohammad Hikmat; Nor, Azlina Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    Globalization causes educational institutions to encounter various challenges and demand, in which they need to play their roles in improving competitiveness and world-class quality education. Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) as a university that integrates "Naqli" and "Aqli" knowledge has taken the globalization…

  13. An Investigation of Factors Related to Job Motivation of Faculty members at Islamic Azad Universities in Zanjan Province-Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Rasool Davoudi; Seyed Hossein Mousavi

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate job motivation of faculty members in Islamic Azad Universities of Zanjan province based on Herzberg 's theory. The research method was applied research in terms of purpose and so it was survey and correlation research in terms of data collecting method .The statistical population were 640 faculty members in 2012.For this purpose, using cluster random sampling, data was collected from 150 people as the sample through Andraka' s job motivation questi...

  14. Developing the moral competencies of accounting students: a case study of International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umaru Zubairu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Two decades of financial scandals have seriously damaged the credibility of accountants as guardians of financial information. To repair this credibility, the Malaysian government released a blueprint that mandated Malaysian educational institutions to produce morally competent professionals. This study sought to assist the accounting department at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM in achieving this mandate by evaluating the moral competencies of 2nd-year students enrolled in the department. The evaluation revealed that the students' had below par levels of moral competencies in dealing with ethical dilemmas in an accounting context. The implication of these results is that IIUM's accounting department has to critically assess the ethical content of its curriculum in order to ensure that it is capable of developing the moral competencies of these students to an excellent level. Additionally, there is a need for IIUM to institutionalize the measurement of students' moral competencies so that an objective determination can be made as to how effective the department is in developing the moral competencies of its students. 

  15. Active and passive fire protection system in academic building KH. Mas Mansur, Islamic University of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suryoputro M. Ragil

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the theory of fire triangle, the existence of combustible materials, heat, and oxygen can cause fire disaster. KH. Mas Mansur building, Islamic University of Indonesia has a fire protection, but rarely to be checked regularly and the number of equipment is less standard as well as the lack of an evacuation route map to facilitate the evacuation process. Inside the building also does not provide safety signs such as the evacuation directions, exit, and warning in case of fire. Therefore, researchers analysed the infrastructure of prevention and control in the building KH. Mas Mansur. Researchers used the method of observation, interviews, and checklist to know the condition directly, and compare with the standard regulations. Results concordance rate of existing infrastructure is 67% fire extinguisher, hydrant box 56%, 71% alarms, sprinkler 0%, 40% detectors, emergency doors 71%, 50% emergency stairs, assembly point 0% and directions 0%. The current results were below the standard of at least 80%. As for recommendations, researchers create a new evacuation map then put the existing infrastructure according to standard regulations, and it had consulted with the specialist of Occupational Safety and Health in the field of fire.

  16. Education for multiculturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevenka Tatković

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Education institutions are cultural centres of a narrower social environment, too. Europe has great educational plans, and at the same time it is becoming a symbol and guarantee for cultural variety. That's why education for multiculturalism is more urgent than ever: its participants have to be taught cultural tolerance. What can parents and teachers do about it? Parents can, in the first place, actively participate in forming educational system on all levels, from kindergarten to university, and teachers in life-long education for developing and encouraging multiculturalism, personal attitude, and spreading the values of intercultural life and activities. Multiculturalism primarily requires co-existence and a dialogue between partners.

  17. Psychiatry and Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pridmore, Saxby; Pasha, Mohamed Iqbal

    2004-12-01

    To explore psychiatry in Islam, with a view to informing Western psychiatrists working with Islamic patients, and Islamic medical students studying in Western countries. The first necessary step was to acquire some understanding of Islam, Sharia and Sharia law, as the basis on which the available psychiatric literature was considered. Standard textbooks on Islam and English-language papers in the psychiatric literature were examined. Discussions with knowledgeable Muslim people were conducted. Islam shares roots with the other Abrahamic, monotheistic religions: Judaism and Christianity. A central issues is unity: the unity of God, unity with God and unity within the Islamic community. Islam is more than a religion, because it informs all aspects of behaviour and has been described as 'a comprehensive way of life'. Individualism is less important than the welfare of the community. The Sharia is a list of rules and regulations derived from authentic sources. Psychiatric services in Islam, according to Western standards, are somewhat limited. This issue is being addressed through epidemiological studies, provision of new services and policy development. Although mental health legislation is not universal, forensic psychiatry has a role, in many ways similar to that in the West. Islam is based on unity and core values of compassion, justice and benevolence. Islamic psychiatry has a proud early history, and advances are occurring. There is an opportunity for the profession of psychiatry to bridge religious, ethnic and cultural boundaries.

  18. Students multicultural awareness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.I Soekarman

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Multicultural awareness is the foundation of communication and it involves the ability of standing back from ourselves and becoming aware of our cultural values, beliefs and perceptions. Multicultural awareness becomes central when we have to interact with people from other cultures. People see, interpret and evaluate things in a different ways. What is considered an appropriate behaviour in one culture is frequently inappropriate in another one. this research use descriptive- quantitative methodology to indentify level of students multicultural awareness specifically will be identified by gender and academic years. This research will identify multicultural awareness based on differences of gender, academic years. This research use random and purposive random sampling of 650 students from university. These studies identify of multicultural awareness 34, 11, 4% in high condition, 84, 1% medium and 4, 5% in low. Further, there is a significant difference in the level of multicultural awareness based on gender and academic year. These findings could not be generalized because of the limited sample and ethnicity; it should need a wider research so that can be generalized and recommended the efforts to development and improvement of multicultural awareness conditions for optimization the services.

  19. A STUDY OF LEARNING STYLE PREFERENCES OF ALL FEMALE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY LEVEL (A Case Study in one of Islamic University in Bandung)

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Nuraeni Muhtar

    2015-01-01

    This research investigated students learning styles of all female students in University Level. The study involved 129 students in one of Islamic University in Bandung. The C.I.T.E Learning Styles Instrument by Joy Reid was used to identify 6 different kinds of Learning Styles. The research questions were as follows: (1) What are the learning styles  possessed by students?, (2) What are the dominant learning styles of Female Students in University Level?, and (3) How do those learning styles ...

  20. On Multicultural Perspective of Music Education in Colleges and Universities%论多元文化视域下普通高校音乐教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思华

    2012-01-01

    Multicultural music education with its brand-new music value concept is vigorously promoted in the international music education sector. This article introduces briefly the idea of multicultural music education, analyzes the significance of developing multicultural music education in the colleges and universities of China, and explores specific measures for the colleges and universities to implement multicultural music education.%多元文化音乐教育以一种全新的音乐价值理念在国际音乐教育界大力推广。文章在对多元文化音乐教育理念作以简单介绍的同时,分析了我国普通高校开展多元文化音乐教育的意义,并探讨普通高校实施多元文化音乐教育的具体措施。

  1. Muslim American University Students' Perceptions of Islam and Democracy: Deconstructing the Dichotomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamont, Sarah; Collet, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    The aftermath of 9/11 and the current surge of revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East have caused Muslim Americans to be either demonized or forgotten altogether, despite the significance of their everyday navigation of both Islamic and democratic values and unique efforts toward identity construction. The neglect of the Muslim American…

  2. Evaluating the Comparability of PPT and CBT by Implementing the Compulsory Islamic Culture Course Test in Jordan University

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    Abdelnaser Sanad Alakyleh

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Study aims to determine whether the university students' scores in the compulsory Islamic culture course test on a selected sample differ across the paper-and pencil test (PPT & computer-based test (CBT versions, and to reveal the relationship between gender and the student's level of performance in the test. Therefore, the study evaluated the comparability of two versions of a compulsory Islamic culture course test (PPTs and (CBTs. The importance of conducting the study in Jordan stems from the fact that public and private universities have begun to move away from the traditional patterns of tests such (PPTs and went towards (CBTs. In addition to detecting which model gives the best in the output and has the characteristics of the psychometric test, furthermore, indicates whether there were any differences between males and females, the study sample consisted of 120 individuals, 67 females and 53 males from scientific, health and humanities colleges. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the two versions provided to students CBT and PPT with 0.36 moderate correlation indicators in the pre-CBT test, no significant differences between the males and females in the CBT test results. Therefore, on the basis of the results of the present study, the CBT test is an option and a preferred alternative for regular students of the bachelor's level at the University of Jordan.

  3. KEBERAGAMAN ELEMEN BUDAYA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI SEKOLAH DASAR ISLAM DI MALANG

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    Triyo Supriyatno

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The education system in Indonesia requires multicultural education model for Indonesian society which has cultural diversity. The Government has made efforts in disseminating the concept of multicultural education before applying it as a representative model relevant for every level of education, but it still needs condition of situational diversity in the reality of people’s life in order to be the spearhead of success in education. The case study implemented qualitative approach and its participants were PAI teacher selected through purposive sampling. The result of in-depth interviews, classroom observation and documentation were analyzed using qualitative description. The findings show the application of elements of various cultures in the teaching of PAI which has been identified as a mechanism to develop relationship, to confirm the universality of Islam, dakwah method and the requirements of curriculum. It also reveals some existing obstacles in implementing these elements, namely the constraints of teachers, lack of reading and less training. Although this study showed that PAI teachers in this study attempted to implement various cultural elements in their teaching, the level of implementation of these elements is still at an acceptable level. Hence, the PAI teachers must enhance their understanding, knowledge, skills, and expertise to improve and develop their skills in applying the elements of multicultural education in the learning of PAI.

  4. Multicultural Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius

    2015-01-01

    This paper is about ethnic minority education and builds on theories, principles and practices of multicultural education – a term we apply to summarize some of the more essential contributions in the field. First, we introduce to the background of multicultural education and the implications...... such term has for the understanding of the relation between the ‘majority’ and ‘minority’ groups. Second, key-concepts that surround and relate to multicultural education are defined, culture, ethnic minority, religion, language, diversity, integration, assimilation, inclusion- exclusion. Third, we identify...... the aims and objectives of multicultural education while the fourth section in as introduction to six essential dimensions of multicultural education. The fifth section includes examples of multicultural education and/or bilingual education from different countries in different parts of the world; Canada...

  5. An Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Political Culture of the Students of Parsabad Islamic Azad University

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    Mohammadreza Hatami

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Political culture is one of the most important phenomena of social life in modem era, with an undeniable influence on the political conduct of the members of the society. It is also one of the main pillars and principles of the growth and development of society. Belief in political equality, trust, feeling of security, and national and ethnic loyalty, are among significant elements closely related to political culture and society development pattern. The present study aims to analyze the factors influencing the political culture of the students of Parsabad Islamic Azad University. The main question addressed in this study concerns the factors which influence the political culture of the students of Parsabad Islamic Azad University. The hypotheses of the study suggest that variables such as ethnicism, religiousness, political motivation, personality and socioeconomic status have a significant relationship with political culture. The survey methodology - correlation between variables - and interview, as the means for collecting data to answer the questions, are utilized in this study. Also the statistical method and the SPPS software are used to analyze the data. The results of the study indicate that none of the hypotheses of the research was confirmed except for the relationship between the political motivation and the political culture. This shows that the temporal and spatial condition of Parsabad and, consequently, that of the students are different from the temporal and spatial conditions of the theories presented in this study.

  6. Islamic banking

    OpenAIRE

    Pak, Viktoriya

    2010-01-01

    The thesis is focused on introduction of Islamic banking system. Morover part of the work is devoted to a detailed description of the history of Islamic banking, on explanation of the principles on which the banking system is based. Also are analyzed in detail the basic Islamic banking products. And at the end are presented the advantages and disadvantages of the Islamic banking system.

  7. Multicultural Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veltze, Linda

    2004-01-01

    Multicultural reading advocates believe in the power of literature to transform and to change people's lives. They take seriously the arguments that racism and prejudice can be lessened through multicultural reading, and also that children from undervalued societal groups who read books that depict people like themselves in a positive light will…

  8. Correlation between Health Correlates and Quality of Working Life in the Staff of the Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mafi mahvash

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and Objectives: Quality of working life (QWL is an important issue and examination of the spects that can affect it causes promotion of individual and organizational productivity. This study was conducted to investigate correlation between health correlates and the QWL in the emloyees of the Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch. Methods: This descriptive-correlational study with regression analysis was conducted on 130 nonteaching employees of the Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch selected by convenience sampling with reference to the number of the studied variables (spiritual, physical, mental, social, and environmental health. The participants filled out demographic, health-promoting behaviors, and QWL questionnaires. Data were analyzed by SPSS using descriptive and inferential statistical tests especially multivariate regression. Results: Among health components, physical health (r=0.55 and mental health (r=0.50 had the highest correlation with total QWL score. The amount of explained variance in criterion variable (QWL by the regression model was 40%. Table of coefficients demonstrated that the scores for mental health and spiritual health had greater contribution in the model than other health aspects. Physical health, psychological health, spiritual health, and environmental health explained 29%, 45%, 37%, and 21% variance in QWL, respectively. Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrated positive correlation between health aspects and QWL. Because the university employees spend a great deal of time at work and the quality of their work affects the entire organization, this finding can be useful to guide policy-makers and health experts in developing preventive and intervention programs in the future for promotion of the employees' health and organization.

  9. The Role of the Islamic Education in Dealing with Psychological Effects of Social Media Networks among Students at Mu'tah University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Marayeah, Abdullah Sulaiman; Albtoosh, Zeyad Abdalateef; Al-Nawasrah, Maha Ayed

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to identify the role of the Islamic Education in dealing with the psychological effects of social media networks among students at Mu'tah University in Jordan. In order to obtain the required data, a questionnaire consists of 31 questions was used in this study. The questionnaire can be divided into three sections. The sample of…

  10. Social Media Contribution to the Promotion of Digital Citizenship among Female Students at Imam Mohammed bin Saud Islamic University in Riyadh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alharbi, Wafa Owaydhah; Alturki, Khaled Ibrahim

    2018-01-01

    The study aimed to identify the degree of social media contribution to reinforcing digital citizenship meaning from the viewpoint of female students at Imam Mohammed bin Saud Islamic University in Riyadh. The study was an attempt to answer the following two questions in order to achieve the objectives of the study: To which extent does SnapChat…

  11. METHODS OF TEACHING ISLAMIC FIQH

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Jarir

    2013-01-01

    This paper examined the most important methods used in the teaching of Islamic fiqh at the university level. The paper identified two types of methods and highlighted their advantages and disadvantages. The study particularly highlighted the Islamic perception of the methods and the optimal characteristics of a fiqh instructor. The paper concluded with a number of suggestion and recommendation that’s my correct the course of university teaching of Islamic fiqh. The paper mainly calls for the ...

  12. Effective Multicultural Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franklin T. Thompson

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The reason why the Trayvon Martin murder trial and similar court cases create a philosophical rift in our nation is due in part to flaws in the delivery of multicultural education. Traditional multicultural instruction does not prepare citizens for the subtleties and complexities of race relations. This study investigates critical strategies and practices that address multicultural missing gaps. I also seek to fill a void in the literature created by a lack of student input regarding teaching strategies that encourage lifelong learning. Students (N = 337 enrolled at a Midwestern university were asked to rate the efficacy of selected instructional strategies. Utilizing a 9-point Likert-type scale, students gave themselves a personal growth rating of 7.15 (SD = 1.47. Variables important to predicting that growth (R2 = .56, p < .0005 were a six-factor variable known as a non-color-blind instructional approach (t = 10.509, p ≤ .0005, allowing students an opportunity to form their own opinions apart from the instructor (t = 4.797, p ≤ .0005, and a state law that mandated multicultural training (t = 3.234, p = .001. Results demonstrated that utilizing a 35% traditional and 65% critical pedagogy mixture when teaching multicultural education helped promote win/win scenarios for education candidates hoping to become difference makers.

  13. Evaluation of Safety and Security by Using the Fuzzy Logic Methods in Islamic Azad University, Branch of Lahijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hedyeh Rastkar Komachali

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Safety assumes a critical part in the utilization of spots. Various spots can create issues in respect to people’s impression of safety. A few parameters influence the view of security and various scientists have dug into these parameters. In any case, large portions of these parameters are quantitative and hard to break down utilizing ordinary expository strategies. This paper at first recognizes the parameters that influence safety by utilizing a survey. These parameters incorporate the components of light, crowdedness, and scene. A short time later, these parameters are measured in three places inside the Islamic Azad University, Lahijan branch. An assessment of the security of these spots in view of the fluffy rationale framework takes after. Finally, we watched that after effects of the fluffy rationale examination demonstrated generous concurrence with the survey discoveries.

  14. A Comparative Study of Faculty Members' Career Advancement (Promotion) Systems in the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran: "Case Analysis of the University of Tehran and Portland State University"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaomi, Mohammad Mehdi; Asaadi, Robert Reza

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the similarities and differences in the systems for faculty career advancement in higher education institutions in the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran. The analysis focuses on two specific cases: the University of Tehran and Portland State University. Through this paired comparison, we draw out the similarities…

  15. A development in balanced scorecard by designing a fuzzy and nonlinear Algorithm (case study: Islamic Azad university of Semnan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsaneh Mozaffari

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The success of each organization depends undoubtedly on the quality of its management and management quality depends on decision quality and information quality on the quality of its measurement and proportion. Therefore, its accuracy and measurement has a key role in the success of the organization and the weakness of performance evaluation and managerial control system can transfer to a barrier for the growth of organization. Performance evaluation systems are now dividable to two traditional group (performance evaluation of an individual across reminding him about his performance and modern group (developing and improving the capacity of evaluated individual and inclined to achievement of organizational objectives and strategies. One of the most authoritative strategic models in this field is the balanced scorecard (BSC model in which entire aspects of an organization are dominantly investigated. However, no operational trend has been introduced for utilizing it up to now. In this paper, an operational trend is introduced to apply the foundations of BSC model and multiple criteria decision making (MCDM techniques. The most important goal of researchers in representation of new structure for creating development and growth capacity and permanent improvement is associated by a kind of providence, such that it can develop desirable organizational and work behaviors towards achieving the objectives and strategies of the organization. In addition, the strategic planning of Islamic Azad university of Semnan was modeled by suggested structure to validate the suggested structure's capacities. The results showed that outputs were more tangible for the personnel of the organization and the results were accepted by the managers of Islamic Azad university of Semnan.

  16. Islamic Identity and Competitive Identities (Global, National and Ethnic Identity; A Case Study of Shiraz University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadtaghi Iman

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The verse of holy Koran "verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is [he who is] the most virtuous of you" directly shows that in god's willing there is no superiority of a man or a group than others except those who have piety to god. In fact, the Islamic identity focuses on the superiority of piety among humans and does not focus on superiority of a man or a group that causes Islamic identity theoretically be against other competitive identities such as ethnic, global and national identity. Therefore, this research aims to study the relationship between Islamic identity and competitive identities (ethnic, national and global. In this way based on Sheldon Stryker theory and survey method, 431 students have elected and have analyzed. The results have shown that there was positive significant relationship between Islamic identity, national and ethnic identity, and negative significant relationship between Islamic identity and global identity. In addition, multivariate regression results have shown that the variables national and global identities have explained 45 percent of the variation of Islamic identity variable. The results shows that national and ethnic identity amplify the Islamic identity and they have positive relationship with it and in fact they are not a competitive identity for Islamic identity but global identity has negative relationship with Islamic identity and therefore it is a competitive identity for Islamic identity.

  17. Multicultural Workplace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravazzani, Silvia

    Purpose: To explore internal crisis communication in multicultural environments. Methodology: After a review of relevant literature on intercultural communication, internal crisis communication and multicultural approaches to crisis communication, results from qualitative interviews with internal...... communicators in 7 different organizations in Denmark are presented. Findings: Multiculturalism seems to play an important role in crisis events, especially when it comes to employees located in other countries. Internal communicators adapt crisis communication by relying mainly on local communicators...... and leaders as competent cultural interpreters. Employees are also seen as active sensemakers and potential ambassadors in critical situations. Research implications: Further research is needed to explore the perspective of multicultural employees. Practical implications: Companies should be more aware...

  18. Membangun kesadaran inklusifmultikultural untuk deradikalisasi pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andik Wahyun Muqoyyidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available There are still many acts of terrorism that are as concrete evidences of how the use of the security approach alone isn’t effective enough to eradicate terrorism and Islamic radicalism to its roots in Indonesian. Therefore, various approaches of handling terrorism and Islamic radicalism must also be constantly pursued. That is the de-radicalization program through the nuances of Islamic education multicultural inclusiveness. In this case, they should pay attention to curriculum factors, educators, and educators use learning strategies.

  19. Islam in the Governmentality of the State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    2009-01-01

    with Islam and Muslim organisations. Thus the role and future of Islam in Europe is currently and continuously being reshaped by both Muslims and by the discourses in the European communities. Ultimately, this presentation gives to interrelated examples to show the changing identity of Muslims and rephrased...... norms of Shari'a in a current British context. Firstly, multiculturalism - as the framework for understanding religious plurality and diversity within liberal societies - is shown to be an ongoing examination and evaluation of Islamic norms. Secondly, within this frame, specific institutions...

  20. Universal Prevention Program Outcomes: Safe Schools Healthy Students in a Rural, Multicultural Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Elizabeth; McFarland, Joyce; Siebold, Wendi; Aguilar, Rafael; Sarmiento, Ana

    2007-01-01

    The Idaho Consortium for Safe Schools Healthy Students consists of three school districts in rural North Central Idaho and the Nez Perce Tribe's Students for Success Program. Universal prevention programs implemented in the elementary schools include Second Step and the middle schools implemented the Life Skills program. Each of the three…

  1. Implications and Strategies in Collection Development for Multicultural Education at Tennessee State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenerson, Murle E.

    This document profiles the role of Tennessee State University's Brown-Daniel Library in its collection development activities for a culturally diverse student body. It recommends that a series of goals and objectives be maintained in the selection criteria of library materials for students having diverse backgrounds. Topics include a brief…

  2. Islamic Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doranda Maracineanu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The law system of a State represents the body of rules passed or recognized by that State inorder to regulate the social relationships, rules that must be freely obeyed by their recipients, otherwisethe State intervening with its coercive power. Throughout the development of the society, pedants havebeen particularly interested in the issue of law systems, each supporting various classifications; theclassification that has remained is the one distinguishing between the Anglo-Saxon, the Roman-German,the religious and respectively the communist law systems. The third main international law system is theMuslim one, founded on the Muslim religion – the Islam. The Islam promotes the idea that Allah createdthe law and therefore it must be preserved and observed as such. Etymologically, the Arabian word“Islam” means “to be wanted, to obey” implying the fact that this law system promotes total andunconditioned submission to Allah. The Islamic law is not built on somebody of laws or leading cases,but has as source. The Islam is meant as a universal religion, the Koran promoting the idea of the unityof mankind; thus, one of the precepts in the Koran asserts that “all men are equal (…, there is nodifference between a white man and a black man, between one who is Arabian and one who is not,except for the measure in which they fear God.” The Koran is founded mainly on the Talmud, Hebrewsource of inspiration, and only on very few Christian sources. The Islam does not forward ideas whichcannot be materialized; on the contrary its ideas are purely practical, easy to be observed by the commonman, ideas subordinated to the principle of monotheism. The uncertainties and gaps of the Koran, whichhave been felt along the years, imposed the need for another set of rules, meant to supplement it – that isSunna. Sunna represents a body of laws and, consequently, the second source of the Koran. Sunnanarrates the life of the prophet Mohamed, the model to

  3. DERADIKALISASI PEMAHAMAN AJARAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karwadi Karwadi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available We have nowadays witnessed a growing trend of the rising of radical religious thoughts amongst Muslims. They are fanatical people who claim to have correctly understood Islam more than others. Even they blame others who do not follow their way as unbelievers. How do such radical views rise? And how can such views be de-radicalized?  Radical views initially come out and gradually develop because of exclusive religious outlooks. Since outward attitudes reflect one’s deep mind and worldview, one best way to soften radicalism should begin from de-radicalization of one’s ideology and way of thinking. There should be transformation of Islamic religious thoughts from particularistic to rational-imperative, from exclusive to inclusive, from formalistic to perennial, from mono-cultural to multicultural. De-radicalization needs participation from the government, people and academia. Furthermore, de-radicalization must be a context-based effort, paying great attention to socio-historical contexts where this effort is formulated to avoid rising another form of radicalism.Keywords: de-radicalization, exclusive, perennial, multiculturalism

  4. The Cosmology Gallery: Unity through diversity in a vast and awe-inspiring universe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, John

    2011-06-01

    Scientists, artists, religious and cultural leaders have come together to create the Cosmology Gallery at the Gravity Discovery Centre (GDC) located 70 km north of Perth, Western Australia. The Cosmology Gallery exhibitions include the multicultural cosmology artworks, Celestial Visions astronomical photography exhibition and the Timeline of the Universe. The multicultural cosmology artworks are new artworks inspired by Australian Indigenous, Christian, Buddhist, Islamic, Hindu, scientific and technological perspectives of the universe. The Celestial Visions exhibition features astronomical events above famous landmarks, including Stonehenge and the Pyramids. The AUD 400,000+ project was funded by Lotterywest, Western Australia and the Cosmology Gallery was officially opened in July 2008 by the Premier of Western Australia.

  5. Konsep Ilmu dalam Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Reza Hutama al-Faruqi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Concept of science in Islam has its own universal dimension, metaphysic and empiric, and diffenrent from sciences came from Western worldview which limited in empiric dimension. It will be in the case that the concept of science in Islam is one of integral part of Islamic worldview; so that it has its own characteristics differed from another concept of science in other civilizations. Science according to Islamic worldview is not only cover substance of knowledge, but becomes important element in civilization as well. Related to the important of position of science, number of scholar such as Ibnu Khaldun, Imam al Ghazali, or Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas gave several features of science to know which one has higher priority, to be associated with how the concept of science in Islam decided later. From the discussion offered by the scholars, it will be understood that science in Islam not only encompasses theology and law, but also there is a row of other sciences such as physics, biology, and so forth need to be studied. The acquisition method of each branch of sciences have their own approach, both of internal and external sense, khabar s}a>diq, and the third is intellect. A Muslim should solidly hold the Islamic tradition and not too impressed with the tradition of Western scholarly even it looks more attractive.

  6. ISLAM, PANCASILA AND VALUE SYSTEMS OF INDONESIAN NATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DR. Martha Catherine Beck

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to show that the Pancasila (five principles of state and the Pillarsof Islam (the five religious value system has synergy to build Indonesia's nationaleducation values system. To explore the relation between religion and politics inPancasila, Martha Beck used Alfred North Whitehead's process philosophy, CarlGustav Jung's archetypes psychology and Ervin Laszlo‟s systems theory. To approvethat Pancasila and Pillars of Islam has synergy to Indonesia‟s national education,Irawan used the concept of scientia sacra by Seyyed Hossein Nasr. The results showedthat the Indonesian national education system consistently present in a triangularrelationship between religion (spiritual humanism, politics (democracy and cultural(multicultural and tolerance. The relationship manifested in Indonesian NationalEducation System, which is always grounded philosophically and aims at threethings; 1 form human who believe, cautious and has noble character; 2 master ofscience and technology; and 3 actively participate in creating order and peace in theworld, even a blessing for the entire universe. Indonesia's national education systemcould be a new alternative in building a more holistic education systems around theworld because considered crucial interconnection between science, religion, interestsof state and demands of the global. This is known as a moderate Islamic education.

  7. ISLAMIZATION OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE: SHIFTING THE PARADIGM OF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustapha Ben- Hamouche

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Islamic architecture is often thought as a history course and thus finds its material limited to the cataloguing and studying of legacies of successive empires or various geographic regions of the Islamic world. In practice, adherent professionals tend to reproduce high styles such as Umayyad, Abassid, Fatimid, Ottoman, etc., or recycle well known elements such as the minarets, courtyards, and mashrabiyyahs. This approach, endorsed by the present comprehensive Islamic revival, is believed to be the way to defend and revitalize the identity of Muslim societies that was initially affected by colonization and now is being offended by globalization. However, this approach often clashes with the contemporary trends in architecture that do not necessarily oppose the essence of Islamic architecture. Furthermore, it sometimes lead to an erroneous belief that consists of relating a priori forms to Islam and that clashes with the timeless and universal character of the Islamic religion. The key question to be asked then is, beyond this historicist view, what would be an “Islamic architec-ture” of nowadays that originates from the essence of Islam and that responds to contemporary conditions, needs, aspirations of present Muslim societies and individuals. To what extends can Islamic architecture bene-fits from modern progress and contemporary thought in resurrecting itself without loosing its essence. The hypothesis of the study is that, just as early Muslim architecture started from the adoption, use and re-use of early pre-Islamic architectures before reaching originality, this process, called Islamization, could also take place nowadays with the contemporary thought that is mostly developed in Western and non-Islamic environ-ments. Mechanisms in Islam that allowed the “absorption” of pre-existing civilizations should thus structure the islamization approach and serve the scholars and professionals to reach the new Islamic architecture. The

  8. Investigating the Relationship between Symptoms of Histrionic Personality Disorder and Experiences of Child Abuse among Students of Tabriz Islamic Azad University

    OpenAIRE

    Shirin Mohammadi Derakhshi

    2017-01-01

    The present study attempts to investigate the relationship between symptoms of histrionic personality disorder and experiences of child abuse among students of Tabriz Islamic Azad University in 2013-2014. The general aim of this study is to predict histrionic personality disorder in adulthood based on child abuse experiences during childhood. The population of this study include 19599 people among whom 377 were selected through simple random sampling. The instrument of this study includes Mil...

  9. Effects of the Islamic Revolution in Iran on Medical Education: The Shiraz University School of Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronaghy, Hossain A.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Of 173 full-time faculty employed in 1978 at Shiraz University School of Medicine, 108 had left the university by December 1982, and 81 of these had left the country, aggravating the chronic shortage of medical personnel in Iran. Iranian authorities have not been able to counteract these trends. (GC)

  10. Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Predict Exercise Activities in the Students of Islamic Azad University of Sabzevar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mohammadi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Based on report of World Health Organization (WHO, about 60-85% of the world's population fails to complete the recommended amount of physical activity required to induce health benefits. It is necessary to assess health status for designing and programming about exercise activities. In this study the effectiveness of Transtheoretical Model (TTM in predicting exercise activities among the students of Islmaic Azad University of Sabzevar was examined. Methods: In this cross sectional-Correlational study. A random (clustered sample of 234 university students in Islamic Azad university of Sabzevar, participated in the study. A standard instrument was used to measure the variables of interest based on transtheoretical model. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire was examined by a panel of experts and cronbach alpha (N=30, α=0.83-0.95. The data were analyzed by SPSS 16.00 statistical software using Path analysis based regression, t-test and ANOVA and Correlation. Results: According to the results, the average age of students was 22.5±3.8 years. The distribution of the participants according to the stages of change model was as follows: pre-contemplation 36.3%, contemplation 25.6%, preparation, 18.9%, action, 10.5% and maintenance 8.7%.These were significant differences between mean of self efficacy, process of change, decisional balance by sex (p<0.05 and stages of change (p<0.01. Behavioral process of change (β=0.399 and self efficacy (β=0.350 were the most important variables for improving levels of exercise. Conclusion: Because the most students (62% were at precontemplation, contemplation and preparation stages and the results showed that behavioral process of change perceived barriers and self efficacy are the most important predictors for improving levels of exercise. Thus, policies and programs to strengthen these factors to promote exercise activities among students is recommended.

  11. Education for multiculturalism

    OpenAIRE

    Nevenka Tatković

    2001-01-01

    Education institutions are cultural centres of a narrower social environment, too. Europe has great educational plans, and at the same time it is becoming a symbol and guarantee for cultural variety. That's why education for multiculturalism is more urgent than ever: its participants have to be taught cultural tolerance. What can parents and teachers do about it? Parents can, in the first place, actively participate in forming educational system on all levels, from kindergarten to university,...

  12. STUDI KOMPARATIF ANTARA UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS 1948 DAN THE CAIRO DECLARATION ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN ISLAM 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Diskusi Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM merupakan salah satu topik yang tetap aktual dan mengglobal di samping masalah demokrasi dan lingkungan hidup. Manusia sebagai makhluk Tuhan dan makhluk sosial memiliki hak-hak asasi yang mesti dihormati dan dilindungi oleh siapapun. Di dalam Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 (UDHR dan di dalam The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights In Islam 1990 (CD, berbagai macam hak-hak asasi dimaksud telah diatur secara general dan komprehensif. Meskipun demikian, di antara kedua deklarasi tersebut di samping mempunyai persamaan juga memiliki perbedaan. Perbedaan-perbedaan tersebut antara lain tentang asal atau sumber dari masing-masing deklarasi yang tidak sama, hak atas kebebasan beragama dan hak untuk menikah, serta hak atas kewarganegaraan seseorang. Sementara itu ada juga ketentuan-ketentuan yang diatur di dalam CD tetapi tidak diatur dalam UDHR atau sebaliknya, seperti tentang riba (Pasal 14 CD tidak diatur di dalam UDHR, sebaliknya ketentuan tentang kebebasan berserikat dan berkumpul (Pasal 20 UDHR tidak diatur di dalam CD

  13. Sleep Patterns and Other Sleep Related Factors Affecting the Students of Islamic Azad University, Rasht Branch, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Namazi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Adequate sleep is essential for general health. Several factors disrupt sleep patterns. The quality of sleep affects health and daily functions. Objectives The current study aimed to determine the students' sleep patterns and other sleep related factors. Patients and Methods The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 350 female students of the Islamic Azad University, Rasht branch (Rasht, Iran who were selected by multistage random sampling method. Data collection tool was a self-reporting questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software, employing Chi-square, and Pearson product moment correlation coefficients. Results The mean age of the subjects was 22.16 ± 2.86 years. Results showed 35.7% disruption of sleep onset, 46.3% impairment of sleep continuity, and 32% awakening early in the morning. Also, 42.3% of the subjects expressed excellent sleep quality. There was a significant relationship among sleep quality with the time of going to bed, difficulty in sleeping, awakening by noise, repeated awakening at night, waking up early in the morning, fatigue, and sleepiness in classroom. Conclusions The results of the current study showed a high prevalence of sleep problems among the students. Identification and treatment of students’ sleep disorders may improve academic performance and life quality.

  14. An assessment of organizational multicultural competences of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) as multicultural organizations refer directly to the degree to which everyday institutional policies and practices support cultural plurality, which is the focus of the present study. In line with this, the multicultural competence levels of Ethiopian public universities were investigated.

  15. A Study of Health-Promoting Behaviors of Medical Sciences Students of Islamic Azad University of Sari, Iran 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghahraman Mahmoodi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and purpose:Health-promoting activities and a healthy lifestyle are major strategies to preserve health. The purpose of this research study, health-promoting behaviors of medical sciences student of Islamic Azad University of Sari, Iran, was carried out in order to determine the compliance and to promote the medical community. Materials and Methods:This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 285 university students, School of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran, who were selected using stratified random sampling. Tools for data collection questionnaire were health-promoting lifestyle profile-II, which includes two main categories of health behaviors and psychosocial health of six sub-categories. Data were entered into the SPSS statistical software and for analysis, Friedman and One-sample test was used. Results:Of the six dimensions of health-promoting behaviors, spiritual growth, averaging 25.11 ± 4.57 most, and the area of physical activity with a mean 18.33 ± 4.40 was the lowest score accounted in this study. The results of Freidman test showed that the ranking of dimensions (aspects are as following: 1 - personnel inter-relationship 2 - spiritual growth 3 - nutrition 4 - management stress 5 - health responsibility and 6 - physical activity. Conclusion:The finding was shown that doing the facilitator behavior and health promotion in the students are at the acceptable level. Furthermore, the terms of personnel inter-relationship, spiritual growth, nutrition, and stress management are at the important level of health promotion aspects. Regarding the above situations of health-promoting behaviors for health education programs among medical group students is recommended.

  16. A STUDY OF LEARNING STYLE PREFERENCES OF ALL FEMALE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY LEVEL (A Case Study in one of Islamic University in Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nuraeni Muhtar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research investigated students learning styles of all female students in University Level. The study involved 129 students in one of Islamic University in Bandung. The C.I.T.E Learning Styles Instrument by Joy Reid was used to identify 6 different kinds of Learning Styles. The research questions were as follows: (1 What are the learning styles  possessed by students?, (2 What are the dominant learning styles of Female Students in University Level?, and (3 How do those learning styles influence students’ level of study?.The data percentages show that most of students in each class have visual learning style by the percentage (A:65,21%, B:73,17%, C:66,67%, D:73,91%. The second highest numbers also happens to Kinesthetic learning style  (A:69,56%, B:48,78%, C:59,532%, D:65,22% and Individual learning style (A:73,91%, B:43,90%, C:47,62%, D:69,56%. From those data, it can be concluded that more than a half female students in that university are visual, kinesthetic and auditory learners. Tactile learnes are only between 40-50 % of students. And the least percentage of students are auditory and group learners. Based on the result, the learning styles of every class are different. The phenomena shows that there are no special kinds of learning styles that can determine level of study.         Keywords: learning style, visual, kinesthetic, auditory,  tactile

  17. PARADIGMA PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM BERWAWASAN MULTIKULTURAL

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    Deny Silvia

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam in Indonesia is brought by the traders. It is not brought by soldiers or terrorists. When we learn the history of Islam in Indonesia, the development of Islamic societies through various ways and media, for example, trade and purchase, marriage, and “dakwah”. In terms of education to build Islamic education with multicultural insights, the educators must have high moral integrity by promoting ethical-moral as an integral part of their personality. Then educators also must have a deep understanding and also has a high sensitivity in analyzing issues of religious which is being developed in the community. Then, these educators help students to be aware of the importance of understanding the culture in society especially on religious term.

  18. Multicultural organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Jakob; Selmer, Jan

    2011-01-01

    are inconclusive. Based on a sample consisting of 489 members of multicultural academic departments, we set out to examine the relationship between diversity climate (group openness to linguistic, visible, value, and informational diversity), and performance (perceived group performance, group satisfaction). We...... found openness to linguistic, value, and informational diversity to have strong positive associations with perceived group performance and group satisfaction. Implications of the findings are discussed in detail....

  19. Growing geometric reasoning in solving problems of analytical geometry through the mathematical communication problems to state Islamic university students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mujiasih; Waluya, S. B.; Kartono; Mariani

    2018-03-01

    Skills in working on the geometry problems great needs of the competence of Geometric Reasoning. As a teacher candidate, State Islamic University (UIN) students need to have the competence of this Geometric Reasoning. When the geometric reasoning in solving of geometry problems has grown well, it is expected the students are able to write their ideas to be communicative for the reader. The ability of a student's mathematical communication is supposed to be used as a marker of the growth of their Geometric Reasoning. Thus, the search for the growth of geometric reasoning in solving of analytic geometry problems will be characterized by the growth of mathematical communication abilities whose work is complete, correct and sequential, especially in writing. Preceded with qualitative research, this article was the result of a study that explores the problem: Was the search for the growth of geometric reasoning in solving analytic geometry problems could be characterized by the growth of mathematical communication abilities? The main activities in this research were done through a series of activities: (1) Lecturer trains the students to work on analytic geometry problems that were not routine and algorithmic process but many problems that the process requires high reasoning and divergent/open ended. (2) Students were asked to do the problems independently, in detail, complete, order, and correct. (3) Student answers were then corrected each its stage. (4) Then taken 6 students as the subject of this research. (5) Research subjects were interviewed and researchers conducted triangulation. The results of this research, (1) Mathematics Education student of UIN Semarang, had adequate the mathematical communication ability, (2) the ability of this mathematical communication, could be a marker of the geometric reasoning in solving of problems, and (3) the geometric reasoning of UIN students had grown in a category that tends to be good.

  20. Adult Learners Understanding in Learning Islam Using the Andragogy Approach in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadir, Mohd Amin Bin

    2016-01-01

    This study describes adult learners understanding in learning Islam using the andragogy approach in Singapore comprising multicultural and multi-religious society. Singapore is a secular state where freedom of religion is encrypted in the constitution and Malay/Muslim comprises 13.3% of the population. Adults learn Islam to deepen their…

  1. The Relationship Between Religious Beliefs and Mental Health in Students of Alborz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services and Karaj Islamic Azad University in 92-93

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Darvishi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and Goal: We as a society in transition countries grapple with issues. Including the issues of youth unemployment, the economic, social, cultural and others. The increasing tendency of students to imitate the western culture And the duplication of a part of western culture and identity today emptiness of the west And moral collapse brought and glamor that can be said for our youth no entertainment, sports and leisure programs for their healthy catchy and their needs and the vacuum created in imitation of the vulgar aspects of western culture that quickly spread in our society to our young people away from having ideas is healthy and know the distance of this group of noble and religious values. students based on academic and social issues specific pressure groups are at risk. According to Islamic texts adherence to religious beliefs can be a deterrent lot of mental illness. increased attention to this issue across the world, the importance of religion and represents a return to religion and spirituality. According to the study on health and religion is still in its infancy and mental health in ensuring the dynamics of this segment of society that is dependent on medical students is important, It seems that the implementation of such researches to improve the level of social and religious knowledge students have an important role. Methods: This cross-sectional study (descriptive - analysis, the population of all students studying medical sciences universities in Tehran and Karaj Islamic Azad form. of the population. According to the study, the sample of 377 randomly selected subjects and to prevent the loss of samples, ten percent was added to the sample (415 people and of these 404 people filled out the questionnaire responded. Three demographic information, general health and religious beliefs to collect data in order to achieve the objectives of the study were analyzed using descriptive statistics. After data collection, data

  2. Sexual politics, orientalism, and multicultural citizenship in the Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mepschen, P.; Duyvendak, J.W.; Tonkens, E.H.

    2010-01-01

    Sexuality features prominently in European debates on multiculturalism and in Orientalist discourses on Islam. This article argues that representations of gay emancipation are mobilized to shape narratives in which Muslims are framed as non-modern subjects, a development that can best be understood

  3. Educational reform in Nigeria: the case of Multicultural Education for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The cohesion of our multicultural societies depends on mutual understanding, engaging proactively in co-operation between different communities and respecting one another. This paper deals with the educational philosophy of a well-known Turkish Islamic scholar, Fethullah Gülen and its application to schools in Nigeria.

  4. Tracing Hopes of Racist-Free and Multicultural-Friendly Campuses: A Phenomenological Exploration on the Lived Experiences of Blacks in the National Capital Region Universities (Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaldy Collado

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In the Philippine campuses nowadays, the presence of foreign students is a common sight, making our academic communities one of the most culturally diverse universities in the world. This requires us to provide necessary local environment appropriate and ready to attend to multicultural sensitivities. Thus the research aimed to look at how well-prepared Philippine universities are in terms of having multi-cultural friendly campuses. Through in-depth interviews and phenomenological method, the researcher explored the lived experiences of Black African students in their respective campuses. The results showed that (a the participants’ decision to study in the Philippines was based on factors such as the hassle-less application process, cheaper yet of quality education and the image of Filipinos as being friendly and kind (b the common, though very light, concern was not racism nor discrimination, but speaking in the local language in their presence made them feel sometimes isolated or insulted and (c that racism and discrimination against blacks were not an institutional reality, though unfriendly encounters with Filipinos were also recorded, those were not seen as serious cases of racist behavior. The study suggested that since blacks’ experiences are generally devoid of racism and discrimination, school administrations do not tend to formulate explicit policies and enough activities to ensure racistfree campuses and inter-cultural inclusiveness among Filipinos and the blacks. In any case, the black students were determined to obtain their degrees here no matter what and such a goal was made easier because of the kind of tertiary academic communities their respective schools offer

  5. Evaluation of solid waste management at campus using the “Zero Waste Index”: The case on campus of Islamic University of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kasam; Mulya Iresha Fajri; Ajie Prasojo Satrio

    2018-01-01

    Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning (FCEP) Islamic University of Indonesia (UII) after doing zero waste program which has been going on September 2016. Zero waste concept are needed to measure how far the ability virgin material substitution to balance with the system of zero waste. The aims of this research is to calculate zero waste index (ZWI) value, to know the impact of zero waste index, and to give the solution for zero waste program. The location was doing in FCEP UII Campus. The...

  6. A survey on comparing the model of Hijab in students of State, Payame Noor and Islamic Azad Universities in different situations: The case study of Baft city-Kerman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azita Salajegheh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Hijab is one of the issue in social life which respected in all different communities since past. In this study a comparison was made among the students of State University, Payame Noor University and Islamic Azad University about the model of Hijab. The sample size was 180 students which 38. 9 % of students in State University, 38.3 % in Payame Noor University and 22. 8 % in Islamic Azad University were studying. The data gathered by a questionnaire and the data analyzed through statistical test. The results of the study indicated that there was significant relationship among the universities in terms of the model of Hijab among the students in different "situations" and "environments". The results showed that the students of Islamic Azad University had more inappropriate Hijab than the students of Payame Noor and State University in market and parties. The result also showed that the students of Payame Noor University had more inappropriate Hijab than the students of State University in market and parties. But the result showed that no significant relationship among three universities about the model of Hijab when the students are studying in universities. In public environments (without control and be unfamiliar. There is more inappropriate Hijab but in Universities it is not in this way. Because there is a control system in the universities to monitor students in order to have appropriate Hijab. The other reason for having appropriate Hijab in State University is that the students are expecting to obtain job than other students who study in Payame Noor University and Islamic Azad University.

  7. The Universal Islamic Declaration on Human Rights and the Problem of Inequalities of Rights between Men and Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyyed Hassan Eslami

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Universal Islamic Declaration on Human Rights (the UIDHR is the most important official replication to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (the UDHR by Islamic countries, and based on that, it has been attempted to provide a declaration containing the benefits of the UDHR and at the same time devoid of its faults. However, a detailed study of the UIDHR makes us uncertain in achieving these objectives. In this study, after a brief introduction of the history and development of the provisions of the UIDHR, incompatible cases with the provisions of the UDHR are reported, some inequalities of rights between men and women are recognized and arguments in favor of it are mentioned, interpreted and analyzed. It appears that the UIDHR, as an universal document, which seeks to ensure human rights, carries three major drawbacks; first, implicit approval of some of inequalities of rights between men and women based on gender and religion; second, fluid and variable interpretative sources; third, lack of sanction. These three problems have diminished the reputation of this declaration and changed it to a number of non-binding ethical recommendations. اعلامیه اسلامی حقوق بشر، مهم‌ترین پاسخ رسمی کشورهای اسلامی به اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر به شمار می‌رود و تلاش شده است تا بر اساس آن متنی دارای فوائد آن اعلامیه و در همان حال تهی از نقائص آن به دست داده شود. با این همه، خوانش دقیق این اعلامیه، ما را در تحقق این اهداف مردد می‌سازد. در این نوشته، پس از مقدمه‌ای کوتاه از تاریخچه شکل‌گیری و مواد این اعلامیه، مواردی که با مفاد اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر ناسازگار است و برخی از نابرابری‌ها را به رسمیت

  8. Islamic Worldview: Landasan Membangun Islamic Management Model

    OpenAIRE

    Juliandi, Azuar; Muhyarsyah

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this research to explore the principles of the Islamic worldview from various sources of Islamic knowledge. The principles useful for developing a further model of Islamic management. The exploratory research is an approach of this research. The majority of the data collected from various Islamic knowledge resources, among others the Qur'an, Hadith, Islamic scholars' thought and the results of research of Islamic scholars around the world. The meta-synthesis used to analyze th...

  9. MODEL PENGEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM BERBASIS MULTIKULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasinyo Harto

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study aims to discover principles of and philosophical basis for multicultural Islamic religious education. This study is important due to ineffective application of Article 13A of National Education System Law that could endanger national education and unity of the nation. This is a library research that analyzes the Qur’an, hadist and scholarly views to formulate basic principles for multicultural Islamic education. The results of this formulation are used to compose curriculum, syllabus, teachers’ and students’ competence, model of learning and evaluation. This study argues that approaches to religious learning having been applied so far in schools need to be reformulated and accorded to the multicultural context of Indonesian society because they tend to create intolerant, exclusive and egoistic students and emphasize personal piety. Education should not only teach students how to think critically but also how to live side by side with others peacefully. This idea must be included in learning processes so multiculturalism and are applied through such processes.

  10. Is Democratization a Sound Strategy for Combating Fundamentalist Islam

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Johnson, Anthony J

    2008-01-01

    .... This paper examines the premise that "universal human rights", as the basis for democracy, is compatible with Islamic culture and is therefore a sound strategy for combating the spread of "Islamic...

  11. Evaluation of Narrative Therapy in the Decrease of Female Students’ Identity Crisis in the Department of Sciences and Counseling of Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Komijani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The present research aimed to investigate the effect of narrative therapy on the decreasing of female students’ identity crisis in the Faculty of Educational Sciences and Counseling of Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran.Methods: The present study was a quasi-experiment with pre-test, post-test, and control group design. The statistical population included all the female students of the Faculty of Educational Sciences and Counseling of Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, from among which, a sample of 36 students was selected based on the Berzonsky’s Identity Styles Inventory (ISI-6G. The subjects were divided into experimental and control groups. The content of the sessions was based on the theory of narrative therapy which was designed by the researcher and administered for 8 sessions of 60 minutes.Results: The obtained data were analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA. The results indicated that narrative therapy is effective in the decreasing of diffuse-avoidant identity style and increasing of informational style at a 0.05 level of significance.Conclusion: With regard to the results of the present research, it can be concluded that this method can be of great importance in the treatment of depressed and anxious individuals. Therefore, this treatment, with regard to its flexibility and uniqueness, the techniques that individuals use in structuring their own stories, and the confrontation of the clients with themselves and not their thoughts, may be of greater importance in the future.

  12. Correlation between General Health with Emotional Intelligence and Creativity in Medical College Students at Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MK Fakhri

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Background and Objectives: Medical students are a particular class of students that Because of their specific problems, investigation of their general health has always been considered. This study is concerned with investigation of relationship between general health and emotional intelligence and creativity in medical college students at Islamic Azad University, Sari branch.

     

    Methods: 150 medical college students at Islamic Azad University, Sari branch (45 males and 105 females, were randomly selected and Goldberg general health, Shring emotional intelligence and Abedi creativity questionnaire were completed. For data analysis, Pearson correlation and independent t-test were used.

     

    Results: Results showed that: there is positive relationship between general health and emotional intelligence (r=0.53 and p<0.05, there is a positive relationship between general health and creativity (r=0.60 and p<0.01, and female college students are healthier than males (p<0.05.

     

    Conclusion: results of this research indicated that there is a positive relationship between general health and emotional intelligence and creativity, and since these variables are effective in professional prospect of Medical students, employing cognitive and behavioral methods in promotion of general health in these students seem necessary.

     

  13. Tinjauan Filosofis Guru Pendidikan Agama Islam Humanis-Multikulturalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahur Rohman

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available As a millennial generation, learners tend not to have maturity in thinking. The seeds of exclusive, intolerant, even radical thought become an alarming threat. Moreover, teachers as educators play a substantial role in introducing the values ​​of humanism and multiculturalism. With the study of library research and analysis with content analysis method, this research tries to formulate the concept of Islamic religious education teacher of multiculturalism to the generation of humanist-democratic Islam. The results concluded that multicultural education becomes an alternative solution to overcome the disintegration of the nation that began to occur. Teachers as learning facilitators should design learning that supports the implementation of multicultural education. Terefore, it needs a multicultural typology teacher who can appreciate the deversity, upholds human rights and justice, avoiding theological justification and truth claims, and non-constructive anti-criticism. It can be concluded that it has implications on the achievement of true Islamic education objectives, namely to educate students academically, spiritually, and socially.

  14. Chinese Islam: A Complete Concert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zvi Ben-Dor Benite

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Matthew S. Erie, China and Islam: The Prophet, the Party, and Law. Cambridge University Press, 2016. 472 pp. $140 (cloth/e-book. Jonathan Lipman, ed., Islamic Thought in China: Sino-Muslim Intellectual Evolution from the 17th to the 20th Century. Edinburgh University Press, 2016. 288 pp. £70 (cloth; e-book. Roberta Tontini, Muslim Sanzijing: Shifts and Continuities in the Definition of Islam in China. Brill, 2016. 238 pp. $125 (cloth. Why study a Chinese “minority” and its history? The task of scholars of Chinese Islam since the 1990s has been twofold: on the one hand, we have wanted to study Islam in China in its Chinese social and cultural context, as opposed to imagining it as a single separate entity, and to show that its history is relevant and meaningful for Chinese history in general. One could almost say that this goal was achieved a while ago. The next task has been to make the study of Chinese Islam and its history meaningful and useful for the greater community of scholars of Islam in general. It seems to me that with the books reviewed here, and with others in the making, we are getting close to reaching this target. In 1910, Marshall Broomhall’s Islam in China declared that Chinese Islam was a “neglected problem.” These books show that it is no longer neglected, and no longer a “problem”; rather, it is an exciting topic. Indeed, a complete, even if not harmonious, concert.

  15. The Influence of Organizational Commitment and Islamic Work Ethic Toward Job Performance of Teaching Staff at Universities in Surakarta with Institutional Base as a Moderator Variable

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyudi, Amin

    2015-01-01

    The purposes of this study are: (1) examine the impact of organizational commitment to job performance of faculty member in Surakarta; (2) examine the impact of Islamic work ethic to job performance; and (3) examine the mediating role of institutional-base on the impact of Islamic work ethic to job performance. The results show that organizational commitment and Islamic work ethic had significance effect to job performance, but institutional-based had no moderating role in the effect of Islam...

  16. INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS, DAIRY PRODUCTS AND CALCIUM INTAKES ON RISK FACTORS OF OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION IN FEMALE STUDENTS OF ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY OF DAMAVAND, IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rehmani Ghobadi Marya

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Osteoporosis is a serious metabolic bone disorder that often results in hip fracture and usually asymptomatic in its initial stages. Since the majority of bone formation occurs during childhood and adolescence, it is important to begin primary prevention at an early age, although the optimal way for instilling this preventive behavior in youth has not yet been defined. The purpose of this study was to investigating the effects of physical activity levels, dairy products and calcium intakes on risk factors of osteoporosis prevention in female students of Islamic Azad university of Damavand in Iran. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 280 healthy female university students aged between 18 to 24 years old who were selected randomly from the university students of Islamic Azad university of Damavand, Iran. Subjects completed an informed consent form, health history questionnaire; food questionnaire was used to assess the entire dietary component intakes and physical activity questionnaire (Baecke. Result: The result shows that Increase in physical activity and diary product consumption, the calcium intake with a decrease in BMI, and increase in BMD. Also results shows that there were significant negative correlations between the physical activity levels, diary product consumption, the calcium intake and risk factors of osteoporosis. Conclusions: Increased physical activity and diary product consumption, the calcium intake is associated with an increase in BMD and a concomitant decrease in BMI. These findings suggest that population-level interventions to increase physical activity and diary product consumption, the calcium intake would favorably impact bone and other health outcomes. Thus, dietary pattern coupled with higher education levels and greater physical activity favored bone health and osteoporosis prevention in middle school females.

  17. Bioethics and multiculturalism: nuancing the discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durante, Chris

    2018-02-01

    In his recent analysis of multiculturalism, Tom Beauchamp has argued that those who implement multicultural reasoning in their arguments against common morality theories, such as his own, have failed to understand that multiculturalism is neither a form of moral pluralism nor ethical relativism but is rather a universalistic moral theory in its own right. Beauchamp's position is indeed on the right track in that multiculturalists do not consider themselves ethical relativists. Yet, Beauchamp tends to miss the mark when he argues that multiculturalism is in effect a school of thought that endorses a form of moral universalism that is akin to his own vision of a common morality. As a supporter of multiculturalism, I would like to discuss some aspects of Beauchamp's comments on multiculturalism and clarify what a multicultural account of public bioethics might look like. Ultimately, multiculturalism is purported as a means of managing diversity in the public arena and should not be thought of as endorsing either a version of moral relativism or a universal morality. By simultaneously refraining from the promotion of a comprehensive common moral system while it attempts to avoid a collapse into relativism, multiculturalism can serve as the ethico-political framework in which diverse moralities can be managed and in which opportunities for ethical dialogue, debate and deliberation on the prospects of common bioethical norms are made possible. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  18. Features influencing Islamic websites use: A Muslim user perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansur Aliyu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Muslim scholars and organisations use the Internet through various websites to spread Islam globally. The presence of many websites providing Islamic contents online makes it necessary to examine their Islamic features and the factors that influence Muslims to use Islamic websites. This paper empirically investigates the Islamic features that influence the use of Islamic websites by Muslim users. The identified Islamic factors were grouped under five factors: beliefs, ethics, services, symbols, and values. A survey of 246 Muslim Islamic website users was conducted between November and December  2012 at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM. The study develops and tests a path measurement model to confirm the psychometric properties of the five identified factors. The study found that Islamic features significantly influence Muslims to use Islamic websites. The measurement model and empirical results provide valuable indicators for the direction of future research and also suggest guidelines for developing Islamic websites that will easily influence many Internet users to visit them in order to learn about Islamic teachings and practices. The findings are also of considerable importance as they contribute to the present body of knowledge on Islamic websites’ evaluation and for practice in designing and developing quality Islamic websites.

  19. Considering Intersectionality in Multiculturalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Madeline

    2015-01-01

    The intersection of feminist theory and multiculturalism is discussed. Although Frisby makes several strong points, there are several aspects of his definition of multiculturalism that are simplistic. Expansion of ideas borrowed from feminism has potential to increase the nuance and accuracy of the conceptualization of multiculturalism.

  20. MULTIKULTURALISME DALAM SISTEM PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM: Problematika Pendidikan Agama Islam di Sekolah

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    Suyatno *

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan bertujuan membentuk sikap dan perilaku menuju manusia yang beradab. Sistem pendidikan yang hanya menekankan pada transfer of knowledge, menjadikan pendidikan tidak lagi bermakna dan memberikan efek positif bagi peserta didik. Pedidikan kurang menyentuh sisi humanisme yang pada akhirnya mengembangkan sikap pluralisme sebagai fondasi pemikiran multikulturalisme. Model pendidikan agama seperti ini hanya akan menciptakan peserta didik menjadikan abdullah yang hanya saleh secara individual. Paham pluralisme dan multikulturalisme yang saat ini telah menjadi komoditas bidang politik akan terus bergulir dalam ranah pendidikan nasional, termasuk pendidikan agama Islam yang secara integral bagian dari sistem pendidikan nasional. Kebijakan pemerintah tentang pemberlakuan kurikulum KTSP yang meniscayakan penyelenggaraan pendidikan yang berorientasi pada potensi daerah dan nilai-nilai budaya lokal. Kebijakan ini tidak terlepas dari munculnya kesadaran para tokoh dan pemimpin negeri ini bahwa bangsa Indonesia adalah bangsa yang sangat majemuk dan heterogen. Oleh karena itu, tidak mungkin membangun negeri ini tanpa mempedulikan nilai-nilai pluralitas dan multikultural yang terdapat dalam masyarakat. Kata Kunci: Pendidikan, Islam, Multikultural. MULTICULTURALISM IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION SYSTEM: PROBLEMS OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN SCHOOLS. Education aimed at shaping attitudes and behavior towards the civilized man. An education system that only emphasizes the transfer of knowledge, making education is no longer meaningful and a positive effect on learners. Education is not touching the side of humanism that develops an attitude of pluralism as a foundation of multiculturalisms thought. Model of religious education would only create learners abdullah which are only godly individually. Understanding pluralism and multiculturalism has become a commodity in politics that will continue to roll in the realm of national education including Islamic religious

  1. ISLAM NUSANTARA: Sebuah Argumentasi Beragama dalam Bingkai Kultural

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    Hanum Jazimah Puji Astuti

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of Islam Nusantara is the typical of Indonesia, where Islam Nusantara is declared as a universal religion, manifested in its teachings including religious law (fiqh, trust (faith, and the ethical (the moral. Although Islam Nusantara gives a new ambience in Islam by assimilating a culture into religion, this method is not contagious to the purity of Islamic teachings by taking Quran and Hadith as the guidances and directions in the Indonesian social life. Islam teaches mutual respect and reciprocal tolerance. This religion teaches the adherents to love others, to mercy and nurture regardless of race, nationality, and social structure.

  2. Developing Undergraduates’ Multicultural Skills for Career Success and National Integration

    OpenAIRE

    Chong, Yen Wan; Rahman, Maria Abdul

    2016-01-01

    In today’s global work environment characterised by workplace diversity, multicultural skills or cultural intelligence (CQ) are essential soft skills for managerial success. In a multi-cultural country like Malaysia, the development of multicultural sensitivity is also important so that its citizens will learn to live in harmony. This paper reports on a study which reviews the effectiveness of a campus wide program that was implemented by a Malaysian public university which specializes in man...

  3. Real Islamic Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL

  4. MODERATE ISLAM IN LOMBOK: The Dialectic between Islam and Local Culture

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    Mutawali Mutawali

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study looks into the concept of moderate Islam; describes the distinctive formation of moderate Islam in Indonesia and dialectical phenomena between culture and religion in the Muslim community of the Lombok island. Grounded in qualitative method involving participative observation, interview, documentation and critical discourse analysis, this study reveals that the dialectics and dynamics between the shari’a texts with reality and local traditions in Lombok have brought about the concept of Islam Nusantara characterizing wasatiyyah (moderate, tawazun (balance, tasamuh (tolerance, shura (priotizing dialogue, dan i‘tidal (justice. Islam Lombok illustrates the harmonious interfaith coexistence comprising pluralistic societies including diverse ethnicity, religion, and culture; and portrays Islam rahmatan lil ‘Alamin (Islam as a mercy of the universe. Overall, this study suggests that the concept of moderate Islam could be seen in Lombok and might be applied in other communities in Indonesia.

  5. Diversity and Contested Social Identities in Multilingual and Multicultural Contexts of the University of the Western Cape, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Felix; Peck, Amiena

    2016-01-01

    We draw on Rampton's "Crossing: Language and Ethnicity Among Adolescents" (2014. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge) notion of "crossing" to explore contestations in ethnolinguistic, cultural and racial affiliations at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), a university built for "Coloureds" in apartheid South Africa, but…

  6. L’usage politique de l’islam : l’universel au service d’un État. Le cas du Maroc The Political Use of Islam. The Universal in the Service of a State. The Moroccan Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdessamad Belhaj

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Lorsqu’il s’agit d’étudier les rapports des pays arabes à la mondialisation, il est nécessaire d’évoquer l’islam. En tant que facteur local, la symbolique islamique offre des ressources de légitimation au pouvoir. Le cas marocain illustre bien la manière dont les rapports existant entre le Makhzen et le répertoire religieux (Amīr al-Mu’minīne, la bayca , la chérifibilité…  font de l’introduction de la modernité un simple espace virtuel et fonctionnel. L’émergence de la contestation islamiste participe à la consécration du répertoire traditionnel. D’autre part, depuis les trois dernières décennies, l’essor de l’islam mondialisé offre au Maroc des opportunités politiques à l’échelle mondiale. Ceci est observable au niveau du rôle joué par le pays dans le cadre de la diplomatie islamique (OCI, ISESCO…  ou au niveau de son positionnement dans l’islam européen. La gestion de l’interaction entre l’islam local et l’islam global, adaptée à la conjoncture internationale, assure le maintien au pouvoir du régime.One cannot study the relationships between Arab countries and globalization without taking Islam into account for it offers symbolic support to legitimizing local power. Morocco is a good example : the relations between the royal court (Makhzen and Islamic features such as being the Commander of the Faithful or Sheriffhood make of modernity a mere virtual or functional sphere. Even the emergence of Islamic contestation contributes to the consecration of the traditional repertory. On the other hand, the rise of world Islam during the last thirty years has opened up political opportunities for Morocco on the international stage – for instance the agencies of Islamic diplomacy (OCI, ISESCO or the quest for a new role in European Islam. By managing the interaction between the local and the global, the regime is able to keep itself in power.

  7. REKONTEKSTUALISASI SEJARAH: KONTRIBUSI LEMBAGA PENDIDIKAN ISLAM TERHADAP DAKWAH RASULULLAH SAW

    OpenAIRE

    Musaddad Harahap; Lina Mayasari Siregar

    2017-01-01

    This paper attempts to examine the success of Prophet Muhmmad PBUH in arranging Islamic teachings into a set through education. Within 23 years, Islam emerged into an established teaching and full of hidden knowledge, making Islam gets predicate of blessing for the universe. Through literary study, this research explains the success of the prophet in delivering prophetic messages with support of representative teaching places at the period. The places acculturated with the coming of Islam and...

  8. Islam and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salam, Abdus

    The following sections are included: * The Holy Quran and Science * Modem Science, A Greco- Islamic Legacy * The Decline of Sciences in Islam * The Limitations of Science * Faith and Science * The Present Picture of Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Renaissance of Sciences in Islam * Steps Needed for Building up Sciences in the Islamic Countries * Science Education * Science Foundations in Islam * Technology in Our Countries * Concluding Remarks * REFERENCES

  9. CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC THOUGHT IN INDONESIAN AND MALAY WORLD: Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam in Indonesian and Malay world is very much heterogenuous. Taking Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif as the subject of analysis, this article deals with the concepts Islam Liberal, Islam Hadhari, and Islam Progresif as products of the trends in Islamic thinking, the impact of these three interpretations of Islam in Malaysia and Indonesia, the similarities and dissimilarities between the three, and their future prospects in the region. It argues that the prominence of the debates surrounding the three currents of Islamic thought is the result of struggles for power and authority in Islamic discourse in the region. It further argues that the Indonesian-based Islam Liberal differs from the Malaysian-based Islam Hadhari in that it does not originate from government sources. Islam Progresif is more of an umbrella term referring to various strands of thought developed by Muslims opposed to the status quo. Although Islam Hadhari is a newly-coined term, it contains many elements in common with other schools of Islamic thought including Islam Liberal and neo-modernist Islam.

  10. Introduktion. Islam & institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Brian Arly

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion til Tidsskrift for Islamforskning temanummer Islam & institutioner Udgivelsesdato: 18-02......Introduktion til Tidsskrift for Islamforskning temanummer Islam & institutioner Udgivelsesdato: 18-02...

  11. MENTAL HEALTH: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-02-01

    of mental health, especially mental health needs to be developed with an Islamic perspective various studies and research, especially the development of mental health recovery means Islamic perspective.

  12. COMPARISON OF PAI AND PAK: AN OVERVIEW OF VALUES OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Murfi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This research to reveal comparative Islamic Education (PAI with Christian Education (PAK through a textbook’s lesson in terms of content values of multicultural education. The comparative’s analysis includes three aspects, differences, similarities, and common platform. The results showed that substance of values of multicultural education contained in the textbooks have much in similarities which eventually became common platform both than the differences that exist, so that PAI and PAK should move bind themselves to each other in one joint effort to raise the noble values of multicultural, where both scientific traditions stand firm through efforts integration and comprehension charge of teaching materials.

  13. Infusing Multicultural Literature into Teacher Education Programs: Three Instructional Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howlett, Kristina M.; Bowles, Freddie A.; Lincoln, Felicia

    2017-01-01

    Today's classrooms in the United States reflect the growing diversity of the changing world. In order to prepare high-quality multicultural educators, the authors of this article, three teacher educators at a large, mid-south, research-one university, collaborated to share successful strategies to infuse multicultural literature into the three…

  14. The History of Multicultural Music Education and Its Prospects: The Controversy of Music Universalism and Its Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Sangmi

    2016-01-01

    This article examines how American perspectives about world music have evolved based on the controversial discussion of "music is the universal language." At earlier periods, scholars showed their interest in musics of other cultures from the ethnocentric standpoint. Gradually, scholars came to value the music differences of cultures,…

  15. METHODS OF TEACHING ISLAMIC FIQH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Jarir

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper examined the most important methods used in the teaching of Islamic fiqh at the university level. The paper identified two types of methods and highlighted their advantages and disadvantages. The study particularly highlighted the Islamic perception of the methods and the optimal characteristics of a fiqh instructor. The paper concluded with a number of suggestion and recommendation that’s my correct the course of university teaching of Islamic fiqh. The paper mainly calls for the need to diagnose the causes of students’ weaknesses in this field and to find solutions to these causes.Copyright © 2013 by Al-Ta'lim All right reservedDOI: 10.15548/jt.v20i2.36

  16. Urgensi Psikologi Islam Dalam Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mubarak Mubarak

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the urgency of Islamic Psychology in Islamic Education. Education and psychology cannot be separated, both have a very close relationship. Education is a long process to actualize all the potential of human self so that the potential of humanity to be actual. In terms of Islamic education is needed is Islamic Psychology, because humans have the potential of noble, namely fitrah and spirit that is not touchable in general psychology (West. Islamic education should have a psychological foundation that is insightful to Islam, in this case with a guide to the Qur'an and Hadith as its source, so that the end of the goal of Islamic education can be realized and create a plenary human (insan kamil. Islamic education psychology devotes attention to the behavior or behavior of those who engage in learning and teaching activities or those directly involved in the learning process. Islamic education psychology has two objects, namely: First, learners, ie individuals (individuals who are learning, including approaches, strategies, influencing factors and achievements achieved. Secondly, teachers (educators, those who are obliged or undertake teaching responsibilities, including methods, models, strategies, and others related to the activity of presenting Islamic education. Islamic education based on Islamic Psychology will produce human beings who have a potential base that is a qualified potential of physical, spiritual, and fitrah or better known as jismiah, nafsiah and ruhaniah.

  17. A Discourse of Transformative Islam within Curriculum Transformation at State Institute for Islamic Studies of Purwokerto (IAIN Purwokerto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabarudin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed to trace the thoughts and actions as efforts to achieve vision and mission of state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto (IAIN. The study is directed to answer following questions. Firstly, why transformative Islam becomes a discourse on curriculum development. Secondly, how a discourse of transformative Islam implicates in curriculum development at state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto (IAIN. Then, the findings show that a discourse of Islam tranformative in curriculum development at state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto (IAIN emerges as a result of an incapability of traditional and modern Islam perspective to resolve people’s problem due to lack of critical understanding of the meaning and message of the Qur’an and Hadith. Then, implication of Islamic transformative discourse in curriculum development at state institute for Islamic studies of Purwokerto can be seen in its intra curricular activities, co-curricular, and extra curricular activities. Through intra-curricular activities, transformative Islam is embodied in Islamic building lectures. In co-curricular program, Islam is indigenized through activity of knowledge and practice of worship (nationally abbreviated PPI, while within extra-curricular activities transformative Islamic values come into student activities which are strongly supported by policies of university leaders.

  18. RELASI ISLAM DAN HINDU DALAM PERSPEKTIF MASYARAKAT MULTIKULTUR DI BALI Studi Kasus Tiga Daerah: Denpasar; Karangasem, dan Buleleng

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    I Gede Suwindia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is motivated by the situations where Bali as part of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia that has a various diversity of ethnicity, race, religion, and citizenship. The background of various ethnic, tribe and religion in Indonesia are often tainted by the conflicts, contradictions, until riots. This makes this paper important to be appointed, where Bali gives a different color in managing the existing heterogeneity. When conflicts on behalf of ethnic, tribe and religion occurred in some areas, Bali remains in control, not affected by the riots. This article at least has the purpose to provide a review of the relation between the life that is built up during the time in Bali, especially between Muslims and Hindus in the perspective of multicultural society. The method used in this study is a qualitative method with descriptive analysis. Data sampling is done by using purposive sampling technique, using primary data in the form of informans and secondary data in the form of library data both at home and abroad as KITLV, as well as libraries at the University of Leiden. Islam and Hindu relationship in Bali is essentially strengthened in the Balinese culture that develops and continues sustainable until now. Genealogical role caused by inter-family marriages in the past, reinforce islam and hindu relationship. The role of kings in the past and to the present generation also contributed quite a bit of harmony of Islam and Hindu in Bali. Local government through Forum for Interreligious Harmony and Ministry of Religious Affairs gives greater media after the reform, so that there is better relations and places cultural piety as the foundation. The writer conclude that Islam and Hindu relationship in Bali is supported by the community local wisdom (Islam and Hindu, which upholds the sense of brotherhood, tolerance, respect, and recognition of the existing diversity. This reality is certainly very great significance in the life of the country of

  19. Islamic Mobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    2016-01-01

    In a modern and respectable middle-class suburb outside Kuala Lumpur, the overtness of cars evokes intense speculation about the nature of the make-up of covert middle-class homes and the formation of Malay Muslim identities more generally. I argue that the more ‘Islamic’ cultures of consumption...... divergent forms of car consumption. Discussing ethnographic material from fieldwork among Malay middle-class families, I show how car consumption generates not only distinctions, practices and moral symbolic boundaries but also ideas about Islam, nation and excess....

  20. An Application of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction and College and University Classroom Environment Inventory in a Multicultural Tertiary Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coll, Richard K.; Taylor, Neil; Fisher, Darrell L.

    2002-02-01

    The research reported in this inquiry consisted of the application of two classroom learning environment questionnaires developed in a Western context to a culturally diverse context, namely, the Pacific Islands. The College and University Classroom Environment Inventory (CUCEI) and Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) instruments were administered to intact classes of first- and second-year science students ( n= 257) at a regional university in the Pacific Islands, containing a total of 12 ethnicities. The data reveal that the QTI instrument holds good reliability for all scales, whereas the CUCEI holds reliability for only two scales. This may be due to the simple nature of the questions on the QTI whereas the questions on the CUCEI require more interpretation, the latter exacerbated by the fact that English is a second or third language for most participants. Surprisingly, there were few differences in perceptions of teacher student interaction based on ethnicity, but substantial differences based on gender. As reported in previous classroom environment research at the secondary school level, in this study, females perceived their environment more favourably than males. The data for the QTI reveal that the students perceive their classrooms to be highly teacher dominated, consistent with previous naturalistic studies of secondary schools and exploratory studies at the tertiary level in Fiji. Since almost all the graduates from this institution become science teachers, a cycle is completed.

  1. Students’ Extracurricular Activities in Higher Education and Its Effect on Personal Development and Academic Achievement (Case Study In Islamic State University of Suska Riau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirah Diniaty

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the students’ extracurricular activities at Islamic State University of Suska Riau concerning the types and forms of their activities, background of the activity, benefits of extracurricular activities, and its effect on students’ self-development and academic achievement. 300 students who enroll at sixth semester in eight Faculties (Tarbiyah and Teacher’s Training, Sharia and Law, Ushuludin, Dakwah and Communication Sciences, Science and Technology, Psychology, Economics and Social Sciences, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry were the sample of this study. The data were then processed statistically using percentages and regression of correlation. It was found that the type of extracurricular followed by the students were leadership (70%, those of whom had the motivation to add insight, knowledge and more critical thinking were (44.67%. Some students followed extra-curricular activity because of their solicitation or to follow the main stream (37%, some students did not get financial benefits from the activity (34.67%. Some other respondents felt that they could follow the extracurricular talents, interests and personal abilities (58.67%, and think about their future after graduating from the college (66%. Things need to be followed up by students and university staffs were the more active students who attend the extracurricular activities were the lower achievement ones. Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  2. A social constructionist analysis of Canadian conservative blogs on Islamic terrorism

    OpenAIRE

    Woolsey, Benjamin John

    2009-01-01

    This is a mixed methods content analysis of discourse in the Canadian conservative blogosphere regarding Islamic terrorism. The data are primarily from three years’ worth of entries posted at Canada’s most popular political blog, smalldeadanimals.com (SDA). The analysis reveals that conservative discourse contains apprehension about global demographic trends, a critique of fundamental aspects of Islamic cultures and religious doctrine, and contempt for Western welfare and multicultural polici...

  3. Kontestasi Konsepsi Religius dan Ritualitas Islam Pribumi Versus Islam Salafi di Sasak Lombok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the contestation of local Islam and salafy at Narmada, West Lombok. This tension is inevitable thing, since they have different way of understanding and realizing Islamic teaching. Local Islam wants the locality and universality co-present to actualize ideal Islamic teaching, on the contrary, salafy wants to purify Islamic teaching from any kind of local traditions. Here, Local Islam of Sasak Narmada refers to Islam which has long interaction with several indigenous belief of Sasaknese manifested in Wetu Telu and Wetu Limeand salafy refers to several (not all salafy’s followers who interact with local Muslims. This difference brings into contestation when salafy popularize bid‘ah, syncretic or syirk for local Muslims adherent in one hand and local Muslims want to save Islamic teaching from salafy in another hand. The contestation is classified into religious conceptions and ritual. Many Wetu Lime’s followers enjoy their religious conceptions and rituals without leaving several Wetu Telu traditions and without being afraid of falling into polytheism for a main reason that what they do is one means of manfesting Islamic universal values in local traditions and having no intention to be polytheist. This study shows that looking for the meaning behind the conception or observed ritual is an essential thing in diverse internal religious belief to spread peace in which theology needs to be accompanied by other perspective.

  4. Managing Conflict in Multicultural Classes: Examining the Relationship between Severity of Conflict and the Use of Interventions by University Instructors to Manage and Resolve Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Stephen Lewis

    2012-01-01

    Multicultural class professors are faced with the often difficult task of helping prepare pre-service counselors to meet the mental healthcare needs of an increasingly diverse and pluralistic society. A major factor that has stood in the way of effective training has been students' resistance to challenging their entrenched patterns of bias and…

  5. Reflections on Multicultural Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳; 张晓瑜

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays with the increasing development of Chinese economy more and more foreign students come to China to study, which brings a lot of multicultural education problems. This article tends to illustrate the causes of the multicultural education problems, some beneficial programs to be set up and try to put forward strategies to solve the problems.

  6. Toward a Multicultural Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, William M.

    1991-01-01

    Summarizes discussions at a symposium of the Music Educators National Conference (MENC) of multicultural music education. Offers ideas about the teaching of African-American, Native American, Asian-American, and Hispanic music. Presents MENC's resolution supporting multicultural music education. Describes the symposium as a major event in…

  7. Teachers for Multicultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivlin, Harry N.; Gold, Milton J.

    Developing teachers for multicultural education is an essential assignment for teacher education and school administration today so that educators might help their students learn to live in a multicultural society. In an earlier view, public schools were considered the "great equalizers" among America's social institutions. The assumption was that…

  8. Making Multicultural Literature Meaningful.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Kay

    2003-01-01

    Discusses definitions and types of multicultural literature and why it should be included in school curriculum. Describes Banks's four-level model for integrating ethnic content into the curriculum with increasing levels of sophistication and discusses how to select and evaluate multicultural resources to include in a media center collection. (LRW)

  9. Trends in Multicultural Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mylopoulos, Chryss

    1985-01-01

    Outlines basic principles and philosophy behind library multicultural programs and provides brief overview of development of such programs in Canadian libraries. Programing themes (cultural identity, contribution of ethnocultural groups to Canadian society, interpretation of multiculturalism as social policy) and suggestions for integrating…

  10. Multiculturalism: Affirmative or Negative Action?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Lorna

    1995-01-01

    Defines multicultural groups, discusses the evolution of multiculturalism, analyzes the "one-third myth," which says that America will be one-third minority by the year 2000, discusses statistical multicultural theories, and reviews laws and regulations that provide equality in jobs and education. Also examines multicultural trends in…

  11. Worldview Islam dan Kapitalisme Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the era when the idea of similarity, equality and pluralism are disseminated in diversified area, one might face difficulty to distinguish one civilization from the other.Now capitalism is the most dominant system of economic in the world and even developed into a civilization that has a worldveiw. Capitalism also used to be claimed and accepted as universal system that could be applied to the whole world. In response to this state of mind, it is imperative that capitalism be studied and identified from its very basic concept, i.e worldview perspective, and then compared it with Islam. This paper is a preliminary attempt to identify capitalist worldview and prove that it differs fundamentally from the worldview of Islam. The capitalist vision on religion, world, life style, justice, freedom of thought, wealth, economic activities which are influenced by Western worldview is diametrically different from Islamic worldview. Based on this study it must be very clear that Muslim intellectual who intend to borrow certain concept of capitalism for the development of Islamic economic should realize there are fundamental principles of capitalism that are irreconciliable with that of Islamic economic.

  12. Factors associated with universal infant free school meal take up and refusal in a multicultural urban community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodchild, G A; Faulks, J; Swift, J A; Mhesuria, J; Jethwa, P; Pearce, J

    2017-08-01

    Universal infant free school meals (UIFSM) were introduced in September 2014 and are available to all key stage 1 (4-7 years) children attending state-maintained infant and primary schools in England. The present study aimed to investigate the school-based factors, child and family socio-demographic characteristics, and parental beliefs associated with UIFSM take up in an urban community. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was completed in October to November 2015, amongst parents whose children attended eligible schools in Leicester, England. A questionnaire about school meals was also completed by each school. Parents reported their child did not take (non-UIFSM, n = 159) or took (UIFSM, n = 517) a UIFSM on most days. The non-UIFSM group were more likely to be White-British, have a higher socio-economic status, have English as a first language, and involve their child in the decision over whether or not to take UIFSM, compared to the UIFSM group. Cluster analysis revealed that non-UIFSM parents were either concerned over quality of meals and what/how much their child ate, concerned only by what/how much their child ate or whether their child did not like the food provided. Two subsets of parents in the UIFSM group were either very positive about UIFSM or appeared to take meals because they were free. Schools used a variety of measures to increase and maintain UIFSM take up. Parents like to have control over what their child eats at school and children need to enjoy their school meals. Using a range of interventions to target subsets of parents may help local authorities, schools and caterers to increase UIFSM take up. © 2017 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.

  13. Professionalism and Work Ethic among U. S. and Asian University Students in a Global Classroom: A Multi-Cultural Comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Swart

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Professionalism and work ethic, as reflected by selfregulation, has been and continues to be an important attribute of a competitive work force. This paper compared the academic self-regulation of U.S. vs. Asian students enrolled in a Global Classroom course at a large southeastern university. Students were asked to respond to 10 specific pro-academic behaviors in regard to what they were actually doing (actual engagement and what they felt they should be doing (intended engagement specific to achieving academic success. The results indicated that students from both the U.S. and Asia exhibited limited self-regulation in the pursuit of behaviors leading to academic success in comparison to what they reported they should be doing. There was not a significant difference between U.S. and Asian students in self-reported actual engagement in pro-academic behaviors. However, Asian students presented less of a discrepancy between actual and intended engagement in proacademic behaviors in comparison to their U.S. counterparts. This was based on Asian students' rating of intended behaviors lower than U.S. students. A notable difference was also found in that the Asian students self-regulated better than their U.S. counterparts in terms of pro-academic behaviors that were not directly observable. For Asian students there was not a discrepancy in self-reported engagement of observable vs. non-observable behaviors The U.S. students, however, appeared to be more amenable to external motivation (e.g. having the instructor be able to observe their behavior and less likely to engage in non-observable behaviors leading to academic success.

  14. Multicultural identity processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Ying-Yi; Zhan, Siran; Morris, Michael W; Benet-Martínez, Verónica

    2016-04-01

    The study of multicultural identity has gained prominence in recent decades and will be even more urgent as the mobility of individuals and social groups becomes the 'new normal'. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art theoretical advancements and empirical discoveries of multicultural identity processes at the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and collective (e.g., organizational, societal) levels. First, biculturalism has more benefits for individuals' psychological and sociocultural adjustment than monoculturalism. Bicultural individuals' racial essentialist beliefs and Bicultural Identity Integration affect cultural frame switching, racial categorization, and creativity. Second, identity denial and identity-based discrimination by other people or groups threaten multicultural individuals' psychological health and performance. Third, multiculturalism and interculturalism policies are associated with different conceptions of and attitudes toward diversity, and have distinct outcomes for multicultural individuals and societies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Multiculturalism and secularism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2017-01-01

    . Secularism denotes what such principles imply for the relationship between politics and religion. Such formal understandings provide theoretical frameworks for specifying different conceptions of multiculturalism and secularism and for determining in precisely which respects conflicts might arise......Multiculturalism in a European context increasingly has come to denote a concern with religious minorities. Claims for multicultural accommodation of minorities therefore potentially conflict with secularist requirements of separation of politics and religion. Whether there is a conflict depends...... on the general understandings of multiculturalism and secularism. The paper therefore distinguishes and examines different general understandings. Both multiculturalism and secularism can be understood as sets of policies, or as forms of minority accommodation or views about the relationship between religion...

  16. Evaluation of solid waste management at campus using the “Zero Waste Index”: The case on campus of Islamic University of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasam

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning (FCEP Islamic University of Indonesia (UII after doing zero waste program which has been going on September 2016. Zero waste concept are needed to measure how far the ability virgin material substitution to balance with the system of zero waste. The aims of this research is to calculate zero waste index (ZWI value, to know the impact of zero waste index, and to give the solution for zero waste program. The location was doing in FCEP UII Campus. The method of sampling was using for this research is refers to SNI 19-3964-1994 about to calculate waste generation of residential. The result shows value of zero waste index at FCEP UII are 0,26. FCEP UII reuse 134,19 kg waste of total 516,37 kg waste that has been produced. The waste that has been reuse is organic waste 87,93 kg, plastic waste 21,49 kg, and paper waste 24,77 kg. 80,10% FCEP peoples already know about zero waste program at FCEP UII. 98,90% of FCEP peoples, was agree with waste segregate, and 57,50% FCEP peoples are don’t know that waste from FCEP have been manage. Although as many as 29% of element campus do not understand about the zero waste program but the majority of them support the program.

  17. Investigating the Relationship between Symptoms of Histrionic Personality Disorder and Experiences of Child Abuse among Students of Tabriz Islamic Azad University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Mohammadi Derakhshi

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study attempts to investigate the relationship between symptoms of histrionic personality disorder and experiences of child abuse among students of Tabriz Islamic Azad University in 2013-2014. The general aim of this study is to predict histrionic personality disorder in adulthood based on child abuse experiences during childhood. The population of this study include 19599 people among whom 377 were selected through simple random sampling. The instrument of this study includes Millon-3 CASRS questionnaire and child abuse questionnaire. The data was analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. The obtained results revealed that there is significant relationship between histrionic personality disorder (independent variable and dimensions of child abuse (dependent variable that includes emotional, neglect, physical, and sexual child abuse. Considering different dimensions of child abuse, neglect of child and sexual child abuse have the most and the least contribution in predicting symptoms of histrionic personality disorder in adulthood. In addition, the results showed that all four dimensions of child abuse can predict symptoms of histrionic personality disorder in adulthood, but ignorance or neglecting child has the most effect and sexual dimension has the least effect in the prediction.

  18. Communication Skills of Dentist Faculty Members of Islamic Azad University Based on a Student Survey and its Relation with Faculties Evaluation by Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    saeideh Abzan

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: Given the fact that identifying the problems of faculty members improvement are important, we investigated the communication skills of faculty members and examined if here isany association between good communication skill and the scores faculty members get from students evaluation in dental school of Islamic Azad University in Tehran.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the students filled a questionnaire which assessed the communication skill (verbal and non verbal of faculty members based on a Likert’s type scale ranging from very good, to good, moderate, and poor at two weeks after the beginning of the course.The verbal communication skill were assessed based on 7 factors and the non verbal communication skill were evaluated based on 11 items .These items were extracted from standard communication text for content validity and the reliability was examined through a pilot test-retest procedure withr=0.85. Two weeks before the end of the same semester the students completed the faculties’ evaluation form which included 16 items. The validity and reliability of the faculty evaluation have previouslyestablished.The students selected one choice out of a range of very good, good, moderate, poor for each of the above items. The data were examined for correlation of communication skill with faculty evaluation by students by chi-square test.Results: In this study 1278 students assessed 154 faculty members in 234 class or clinics by completing 9107 questionnaire for communication skill and 9107 from for evaluation of faculty members. Of all participants 55.4% evaluated communication skills of faculty members as good, 31.8% as moderate and 12.8% as poor. Faculties were evaluated as good by 54%, of students, as moderate by 32.8% and as poor by 14.2%. Faculties with higher communication skill scores tend to have higher evaluationscores (p<0.001 Conclusions: It seems that the communication skill of faculty members of Islamic

  19. The Concept of Islamic Literature and Islamization of Literature through the Different ages(Arabic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Sanāullah al Azhari

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic literature is a term referring to the school of thought who believes that a good literary work should view God, man and the world through the lens of Islam. It is conceived that the style of such literature must be of high quality with the Qur’ān, Ḥadith and the legacy of the Islamic scholars being its model. Islamic literature is a universal literature and can be written in any language. However, most of what has been written on the theory and practice of Islamic literature is in Arabic. This study discusses the model of Islamic literature in era of Islam, Umayyad period, Abbasid period, and Modern world. Topics of Islamic literature in modern times are dealing with the moral values in the Qur’ān and the Sunnah of the Prophet, peace be upon him. It discusses Jurisprudence in worship Biography of the Prophet and Praise of the Prophet and his companions God bless them all. The deep knowledge of Arabic language and Islamic literature solves the social and cultural problems around the world.

  20. Multicultural Leadership Development through Experiential Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overstreet, Michelle; Okiror, Linda; Weber, Margaret J.; McCray, Jacquelyn

    1998-01-01

    The Multicultural Leadership Development Program provided for the exploration into the culture of the individual and others for undergraduates from two different universities. Students reported changes in their perspectives on diversity, leadership, and citizenship and felt these changes could potentially influence awareness and sensitivity in…

  1. Teaching International Relations to a Multicultural Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Julia Lau; Lee, Ji-Young

    2012-01-01

    This article argues that instructors should adopt a more multicultural perspective when designing syllabi for and teaching undergraduate courses in International Relations (IR). The examination of teaching practices in IR draws on the personal experiences of the authors as foreign natives and instructors of IR at two American universities. The…

  2. Melacak Peranan Tujuan Pendidikan dalam Perspektif Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmal May

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Education is an activity supposed to improve entire aspects of human personality that lasts a lifetime, so its process is not only formal but also informal. It may be going inside or outside the class. Education, in other side is a development of human potentials process which is easily influenced by environment and habits whereas students live and thrive. As well as Islamic education, which has its own characteristics compared with another concepts of education is a kind of manifestation from Muslim aim to conserve, transform, and internalize Islamic value to the future generation in Islam community, so that culture-religious aspired could be able to function and improve in the community all the time as well. The goal of Islamic education in general is centered to the efforts to establish “Insân Kâmil” (Perfect Human with several indicator as follows: become servant of Allah, become khalifah, become mercy (rah}mah to the universe, become uswah h}asanah, and for welfare as well. This general goal is absolute, unchanged, and generally accepted, due to its association with concept of Islam inheriting absolute and universal truth. This paper will discuss the sources and main goal of Islamic education with another specific and temporary goal besides it, and also discuss about the characteristics of Islamic education.

  3. Multicultural Media in a Post-Multicultural Canada? Rethinking Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augie Fleras

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the post-multicultural challenges that confront the integrative logic of Canada’s multicultural media. Multicultural (or ethnic media once complemented the integrative agenda of Canada’s official multiculturalism, but the drift toward a post-multicultural Canada points to the possibility of a post-multicultural media that capitalizes on the positive aspects of multicultural media. The argument is predicated on the following assumption: an evolving context that no longer is multicultural but increasingly transnational, multiversal, and post-ethnic exposes the shortcomings of a multicultural media when applied to the lived-realities of those who resent being boxed into ethnic silos that gloss over multiple connections and multidimensional crossings. According to this line of argument, both diversity governance and ethnic media must reinvent themselves along more post-multicultural lines to better engage the transnational challenges and multiversal demands of a post-multicultural turn. Time will tell if a post-multicultural media can incorporate the strengths of a multicultural media, yet move positively forward in capturing the nuances of complex diversities and diverse complexities. Evidence would suggest “yes”, and that a post-multicultural media may well represent an ideal that reflects and reinforces the new integrative realities of a post-ethnic Canada.

  4. Feasibility study of renewable energy resources and optimization of electrical hybrid energy systems: Case study for Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fazelpour Farivar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Renewable energies are increasingly seen as the best solution to a growing global population demanding affordable access to electricity while reducing the need for fossil fuels. Country of Iran has vast untapped solar, wind, geothermal and hydroelectric sources that hold the potential to meet domestic needs. Renewable energy is also essential to Iran as it will curb massive air pollution. In this paper economical and feasibility study of various hybrid systems are performed by using HOMER software model for supplying electricity to the Engineering Department of Islamic Azad University. For this study, annual electricity demand of the university is 1,174,935 kWh with a peak demand of about 331 kW, average wind speeds, based on hourly data during the period of eleven years (2000-2010, are between 3 to 5 m/s in all months of the year. For solar radiation, six models are evaluated to select the best model for estimation of the daily global solar radiation (GSR on a horizontal surface in the study location. Among these six models, H/HO=a+b (S/S0+ c(S/S02 is chosen as the most optimum model for estimating solar irradiation. The results indicate that among the three hybrid systems for fulfilling electrical energy needs, the Wind/Diesel/Battery hybrid system with 9 wind turbines (20 kW, one diesel generator (300 kW, 50 batteries, and 50 kW power converters with net present cost of $4,281,800 and cost of energy of 0.285 $/kWh is the most economically efficient hybrid system. (based on 2015 US dollar.

  5. Predictors of Health Promotion Behavior of female Students of Azad Islamic University, Kazerun Branch: Role of Social Support and Health Literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheyla Ziaee

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective: Health promoting behaviors and life style at the young age is regarded as very important issues. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between social support and health literacy whit health promoting behaviors among female students in Islamic Azad University, in Kazerun, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, 200 female Azad University students were selected as the sample using random cluster sampling. The required data were collected using the Sarason's Social Support Questionnaire, Health Literacy Questionnaire devised by Montazeri et al., and Walker's Promoting Behaviors Questionnaire.  The data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 22, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis. Results: Health promoting behaviors and health literacy scores in students were 74.32 and 76.68, respectively. The average for individuals in the students’ social support network was 3.8 ± 1.9 and the mean score of their satisfaction from their own social network was 4.9 ± 1.5. The results obtained from regression analysis showed that health literacy comprised 22.2% of health promoting behaviors while social support demonstrated 17.8% of these behaviors. Conclusion: Though health literacy and health promoting behaviors have been in a desirable condition for students, it seems necessary to carry out health education programs on the basis of the areas of health promoting behaviors and health literacy components as well as assisting students to improve social networking and to moderate their expectations with respect to this network. Paper Type: Research Article.

  6. The Emergence of the Collegiate System in Classical Islam: 700-1200 A.D. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton, Charles M.

    Formal structures of higher education that evolved in Islamic culture are discussed, along with parallels to the rise of universities in Medieval Europe. Both Islamic communities and Western Christianity founded colleges through endowments. The structural form of higher education in Islamic education in Islamic regions developed from the efforts…

  7. Islam og Islamisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk

    2010-01-01

    En præsentation og en kritik af nyere international forskning i islam og islamisme Udgivelsesdato: Februar......En præsentation og en kritik af nyere international forskning i islam og islamisme Udgivelsesdato: Februar...

  8. Er islam en trussel?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Jørgen Bæk

    2007-01-01

    Et bidrag til belysning af forholdet mellem islam, muslimer og politisk/religiøs terror i samtiden......Et bidrag til belysning af forholdet mellem islam, muslimer og politisk/religiøs terror i samtiden...

  9. ISLAM: Agama Kemanusiaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Zainuddin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam provides the guidance of human life from the smallest problem to the greatest affairs, ranging from household affairs, sleep, eat and drink up to the affairs of the nation and state. This paper raises how Islam covers all aspects of life as a religion of humanity. If taken seriously in the verses of the Qur'an or as Sunnah, will undoubtedly be found, that the core of the teachings of Islam is faith and righteousness. Islam is more than a formal religion, but it is also a great treatise for social transformation and a challenge to personal interests. Islam is a humanism, a religion that is very concerned with humanity as a central goal. This is the basis of Islam. Therefore, the greatest task of Islam is actually to transform social and cultural transformation with Islamic values.   Islam memberikan tuntunan hidup manusia dari persoalan yang paling kecil hingga ke urusan yang paling besar, mulai dari urusan rumah tangga, tidur, makan dan minum sampai pada urusan bangsa dan negara. Tulisan ini mengangkat bagaimana Islam mencakup segala aspek kehidupan sebagai agama kemanusiaan. Jika dicermati secara serius dalam ayat-ayat al Quran maupun as sunnah, niscaya akan ditemukan, bahwa inti ajaran Islam adalah iman dan amal saleh. Islam lebih dari sekedar sebuah agama formal, tetapi juga risalah yang agung bagi transformasi sosial dan tantangan bagi kepentingan-kepentingan pribadi. Islam adalah sebuah humanisme, yaitu agama yang sangat mementingkan manusia sebagai tujuan sentral. Inilah dasar Islam. Oleh karena itu, tugas terbesar Islam sesungguhnya adalah melakukan transformasi sosial dan budaya dengan nilai-nilai Islam.

  10. International Islamic Banking

    OpenAIRE

    saleem, shahid

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory and to some extent descriptive analysis is to highlight the Islamic banking & finance theory, and to explain the practical disparity all over the Muslim Umma along with commonalities of Islamic banking in them. Islamic banking has been now become a value proposition which transcends cultures and will do speedily in next decades despite of cutting throat competition expected in global banking scenario. The size of Islamic Financial Industry has now reached size ...

  11. Islam as a Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butterworth, Charles E.

    2012-01-01

    The attention in the West, especially in the United States, now accorded Islam and those who conduct themselves according to its precepts betrays woeful ignorance of both. As Graham Fuller has persuasively argued in his recent book, "A World Without Islam", Western culture owes much to Islam as well as to Muslims and would be greatly impoverished…

  12. Islamic Beliefs and Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefein, Naim A.

    1981-01-01

    To help social studies classroom teachers present a realistic picture of the Middle Eastern religion of Islam, this article presents an overview of major beliefs and religious practices of Moslems. Information is presented on religious fundamentals, Islam's relationship to Judaism and Christianity, the development of Islam, the role of women, and…

  13. Journal for Islamic Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is committed to the publication of original research on Islam as culture and civilization. It particularly welcomes work of an interdisciplinary nature that brings together history, religion, politics, culture and law. The Journal has a special focus on Islam in Africa, and on contemporary Islamic Thought. All articles are subject to ...

  14. Multicultural group work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    2014-01-01

    Motivation for the activity I use this strategy for forming groups to ensure diverse/multicultural groups that combine a variety of different strengths and resources based on student's academic, disciplinary, linguistic, national, personal and work backgrounds.......Motivation for the activity I use this strategy for forming groups to ensure diverse/multicultural groups that combine a variety of different strengths and resources based on student's academic, disciplinary, linguistic, national, personal and work backgrounds....

  15. Predicting multicultural effectiveness of international students : the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oudenhoven, J.P.; Van der Zee, K.I.

    The present study considered the reliability and validity of the 78-item revised version of the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire, a multidimensional instrument aimed at measuring multicultural effectiveness of expatriate employees and students. The questionnaire includes scales for cultural

  16. Predicting multicultural effectiveness of international students : The Multicultural Personality Questionnaire

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; Van der Zee, K.I.

    2002-01-01

    The present study considered the reliability and validity of the 78-item revised version of the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire, a multidimensional instrument aimed at measuring multicultural effectiveness of expatriate employees and students. The questionnaire includes scales for cultural

  17. Comparing Tobacco Use Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices between Engineering Students at a Public and Islamic Azad University in Shiraz, Iran 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askarian, Mehrdad; Kouchak, Farideh; Youssef, Moussa; Romito, Laura M

    2013-10-01

    To compare the level of knowledge, the attitudes, and practices with regards to tobacco use between Iranian students at a public (PBU) and Islamic Azad (IAU) university. A cross-sectional design was used in this study. As the number of students at the IAU were three times greater than that of the PBU, we selected 150 students from the PBU and 450 students from the IAU using simple random sampling. A 57-item survey instrument was utilized for this study. The collected data were recorded by SPSS version 15 software and then it underwent statistical analysis using descriptive statistics and ANOVA to compare the difference between means of knowledge, attitude and practice scores. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify variables that have an independent association with students smoking and to describe possible variations in these relationships. The P value level for statistical significance was set at 0.05. From participants, 46.8% were females, 10% of 327 students reported being daily smokers; of these, 84% were from the IAU. Totally, among the 107 smokers, 61 (57%) and 29 (27.1%) were water pipe and cigarettes smokers, respectively. Ninety-three IAU students (21.7%) and 30 PBU students (20.7%) reported smoking during the past 30 days. The mean of the knowledge items between the students of IAU was lower than PBU students. Female gender, smoking in the home, and allowing visitors to smoke in the home were significant predictors of smoking in the past 30 days in PBU, respectively. In IAU, female gender, smoking by friends, and health status were predictors for smoking in the past 30 days. Future studies should assess the factors affecting smoking initiation, as well as effective techniques for the prevention of smoking initiation and substance abuse in Iranian adolescents and young adults.

  18. Evaluating the R elation between O rganizational S tructure and E ntrepreneurship in Physical E ducation of Islamic Azad University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amineh Sahranavard G ARGARI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the relation between organizational structure and entrepreneu rship which is of discretional - correlational type, done by the field method among all the physical education (PE teachers and employees of Eastern Azerbaijan ’ s I slamic Azad Universities (n=63. Two questionnaires about organizational structure and entrepreneurship, whose reliability was achieved by the e xperts, and Pearson and T correlational coefficients, were used to test and analyze the data. The results showed no relation between organizational entrepreneurship and complexity but showed a negative and significant relation among entrepreneurship and fo rmality and concentration. Eventually, no difference was observed between organizational entrepreneurship of the (male or female teachers and employees.

  19. Implementasi Ruhul Islam terhadap Pembentukan Karakter Mahasiswa di Perguruan Tinggi Berbasis Islam dan Teknologi Informasi

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    Mochamad Malik Akbar Rohandi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Ruhul Islam is the core spirit of Islam that is the identity or characteristic of an individual or Islamic institution that has a mental attitude. It always guided by morals, according to the guidance of Islamic teachings so that can create a brotherhood of fellow Muslims in bringing people to a better state. The objective of this research is to know the comparison of Ruhul Islam application level to the embedded character in college student based on Islam and technology. Explanatory research method used primary data of field observation and questionnaire and secondary data, sample using Slovin formula and purposive sampling method with error rate of 10%, interconnection between variables using path analysis. Characteristics of respondents majority of women, active age 18-21 year students, high school graduates and the origin of UNISBA students 67% of Bandung while Telkom 82% outside Bandung. Implementation of Islamic values ​​with character formation in Islamic universities has a stronger relationship than information technology-based colleges with a R2 level of 37% versus 32.8%, more than 60% character formation can be influenced by other factors or variables.

  20. An investigation on the level of awareness, attitude, and interest among medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy students toward their majors on entering university: The case of Islamic Azad University, Tehran medical sciences branch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhad Adhami Moghadam

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Having awareness, interest, and positive attitude toward one's fields of study leads to the development of a compatibility between demands and expectations on the one hand and future career on the other hand. This study was carried out to determine the level of awareness, attitude, and interest of medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch toward their own field of study on entering university. Materials and Methods: This research is a basic descriptive study conducted on 273 students who had just entered university. This study was performed using census. Data collection instrument was a four-part questionnaire which included demographic information, and questions measuring students' awareness, attitude, and interest. Results: With regard to their field of study, there was no statistically significant difference in the average of students' awareness (P = 0.731. The attitude of medicine students was significantly more positive than pharmacy and dentistry students (P < 0.001, and the attitude of dentistry students was significantly more positive than that of pharmacy students (P = 0.460. Medical students' interest level was significantly higher than that of pharmacy and dentistry students (P < 0.05, and the interest level of dentistry students was significantly greater than the interest level of pharmacy students (P = 024/0. There was a statistically significant positive relationship between awareness and attitude and between awareness and interest in all of the study subjects (P < 0.001. Conclusion: The study results indicated that having a high level of awareness toward one's major led students studying in medicine, dentistry, and pharmacy to experience a more positive attitude and a higher level of interest. Thus, before entering the university, academic counseling will be beneficial for acquiring a better understanding of most majors, a goal which could be provided

  1. Euro-Multiculturalism and Toleration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2014-01-01

    The underlying concept of multiculturalism in many European discussions is different from that made prominent by the classic cases, e.g. in Canada, that have functioned as paradigm cases which the most prominent theories of multiculturalism have been tailored to fit and justify. “Euro-multicultur......The underlying concept of multiculturalism in many European discussions is different from that made prominent by the classic cases, e.g. in Canada, that have functioned as paradigm cases which the most prominent theories of multiculturalism have been tailored to fit and justify. “Euro......, and b) that it is under-inclusive in the sense that it collapses multiculturalism into standard liberal political theory and fails to explain what is distinctive about multiculturalism. Finally the paper shows that multiculturalism in this sense can involve issues of toleration....

  2. PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL: Pengertian, Prinsip, dan Relevansinya dengan Tujuan Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rustam Ibrahim

    2015-11-01

    Multikultural, Tujuan Pendidikan Islam. MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: DEFINITION, PRINCIPLES, AND ITS RELEVANCE TO ISLAMIC EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES. Multicultural education is a process of development of all human potentials that respect plurality and heterogeneity as the consequence of the diversities of culture, ethnicity, tribes and belief (religion. Multicultural education emphasizes a philosophy of cultural pluralism in the education system that is based on the principles of equality, mutual respect and acceptance, understanding , and a moral commitment to a social justice. Multicultural education begins with the development of ideas and awareness of interculturelism after The World War II. The emergence of idea and interculturelism awareness is not only related to international political developments regarding human rights, freedom from colonialism and racial discrimination, and so on, but also to the increase of plurality in the Western countries themselves as a result of increased migration of newly independent countries to the United States and Europe. Multicultural education is actually an attitude of caring and willing to understand differences, or the politics of recognition of people from minority groups. Multicultural education looks at the society more widely. Based on the basic view that the attitude of indifference and non-recognition is not only rooted in the structure of racial inequality, but also in the paradigm of multicultural education that covers subjects of injustice, poverty, oppression and backwardness of minority groups in the areas of social, culture, economy, education and so forth. The pur pose of Islamic education is not limited to filling the minds of students with knowledge and subjects, but cleansing his soul to be filled with the morals and values of good and conditioned in such a way that they can live well. Theses are in accordance with the pur pose of multicultural education, i.e. to create a harmonious life in pluralistic society. Keywords

  3. Pendidikan Tinggi Islam dan Pengembangan Entrepreneuer Skill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Muhammad

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education has three related foundations. One of the intended foundations is education and teaching. Without leaving aside other two foundations (research and dedication to the society, education is the important element that becomes the instrument of potential development of human resources that have competitive superiority. Two kinds of these superiorities (added by collaborative and spiritual superiority become “condition sine qua non” that has to be developed by Islamic education world, so that its existence will not be the “ivory tower”. The knowledge expansion from normative way to the development of business skill which stands on religious values as “added value” that becomes a must in the middle of crowded global economic. The objectives of this article are to explain the basic economic concept which is built on the foundation and religious value (Read: Islamic Economy, entrepreneurship character building and the role of Islamic University.

  4. On Realities of Canadian Multiculturalism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梦辰

    2013-01-01

    Canada is a multicultural country which was mainly established by immigrants. Just because of that, Canadian govern⁃ment has carried out the policy of multiculturalism since1970s. However, it has encountered many problems such as policy con⁃flicts, national identity, democracy-inquiry and racial discrimination, etc. Hence the Canadian multiculturalism has been in a di⁃lemma.

  5. Multicultural Education and School Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hui-Ju

    2002-01-01

    Report of a study of principals' and teachers' perceptions of implementing multicultural education. The results are presented for four areas: (1) a multicultural education plan; (2) limitations and constraints of implementing multicultural education; (3) expectations of administrators' support; and (4) administrators' plans of support. (Contains…

  6. Karakteristik Dan Spektrum Manajemen Pendidikan Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Jannah, Siti Raudhatul

    2013-01-01

    Artikel ini mendiskusikan mengenai manajemen pendidikan Islam, karakteristik, dan spektrumnya. Karakteristik manajemen pendidikan Islam harus didasarkan pada al-Qur'an dan Hadits serta pemikiran rasional yang telah diuji validitasnya. Spektrum manajemen pendidikan Islam meliputi lingkup manajemen personalia pendidikan Islam, manajemen peserta didik pendidikan Islam, maanjemen kurikulum pendidikan Islam, manajemen keuangan pendidikan Islam, manajemen sarana dan prasarana pendidikan Islam, mana...

  7. Architecture in the Islamic Civilization: Muslim Building or Islamic Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Yassin, Ayat Ali; Utaberta, Dr. Nangkula

    2012-01-01

    The main problem of the theory in the arena of islamic architecture is affected by some of its Westernthoughts, and stereotyping the islamic architecture according to Western thoughts; this leads to the breakdownof the foundations in the islamic architecture. It is a myth that islamic architecture is subjected to theinfluence from foreign architectures. This paper will highlight the dialectical concept of islamic architecture ormuslim buildings and the areas of recognition in islamic architec...

  8. BENTUK ISLAM FAKTUAL: KARAKTER DAN TIPOLOGI ISLAM INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irham Yuwanamu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini berupaya menjelaskan terkait dengan Islam faktual sebagai keniscayaan yang terjadi kepada umat Islam. Bahwasanya Islam faktual merupakan bentuk keberagamaan umat muslim di dunia yang dapat dipengaruhi oleh latar sosial dan budaya masyarakat. Islam faktual dapat terjadi perbedaan di antara umat muslim yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Dalam artikel ini Islam faktual yang menjadi kajian adalah Islam Indonesia. Pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab adalah bagaimana karakter dan tipologi Islam Indonesia? Kesimpulan yang ditemukannya, bahwa karakter Islam Indonesia adalah wasatiyah dan tipologinya adalah akomodatif dengan sosio-kultur di masyarakat. Kemudian tipologi yang dikemukakan oleh Clifford Geertz dalam hal ini sudah tidak relevan lagi, khususnya untuk menggambarkan Islam Jawa sebagai contoh Islam Indonesia. Selanjutnya era kontemporer ini Islam Indonesia sebagian kecil mengalami pergeseran orientasi ke arah Islam transnasional, yakni Islam yang bermanhaj salafi. Artikel ini merupakan sebuah kajian literatur yang menggunakan bahan-bahan hasil penelitian terkait dengan tema yang menjadi objek kajian.    This article efforts to explain the associated with Islam factual as a necessity that happened to the Muslims. That Islam factual is a form of religious Muslims in the world who could be affected by the social and cultural background. Islam factual can occur differences between Muslims with each other. In this article the Islam factual  become to be studied is Islam Indonesian. Questions to be answered is how the characters and the typology of Indonesian Islam? The conclusion that the discovery, that the character of Islam Indonesian is wasatiyah and typology is accommodating to the socio-culture in society. Then typology proposed by Clifford Geertz in this case was no longer relevant, particularly to describe Islam Java as an example. Furthermore, this contemporary era Islam Indonesian in part experienced a shift in orientation toward

  9. Interrelasi Fundamentalisme dan Orientasi Ideologi Gerakan Islam Kontemporer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Nur Fuad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the interrelation between Islamic fundamentalism and other ideological orientations of contemporary Islamist movements, such as Islamism, revivalism, radicalism, salafism, and political Islam. It tries to explore the similarities in their characteristics as well as their differences in the focuses and strategies of the movements. This articles argues that these Islamist movements express their ideological aspirations in different ways: some try to build an Islamic state or even a universal Islamic caliphate (political Islam, while others emphasize much more on the implementation of shari’ah in the level of individuals and society, apart from state (salafis. However, they did not succeed yet in transforming the political landscape of the Muslim world in accordance with their ideological framework.

  10. The Islamic Bookbinding Tradition. A Book Archaeological Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheper, Catharina Helena (Karin)

    2014-01-01

    The technique of Islamic bookbinding explores the development of the bookbinding tradition in the Islamic world. Based on an assessment of the collections in the University Library Leiden, the various sewing techniques, constructions and the application of covering materials are described in detail.

  11. Multiculturalism and contextualism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2015-01-01

    Many political theorists of multiculturalism (e.g. Joseph Carens, Bhikhu Parekh, James Tully) describe their theories as “contextualist.” But it is unclear what “contextualism” means and what difference it makes for political theory. I use a specific prominent example of a multiculturalist...... discussion, namely Tariq Modood’s argument about “moderate secularism,” as a test case and distinguish between different senses of contextualism. I discuss whether the claim that political theory is contextual in each sense is novel and interesting, and whether contextualism is a distinct feature...... of political theory of multiculturalism. I argue that the forms of contextualism which concern the scope and methodology of political theory are sensible, but not novel or distinctive of multiculturalism. I then discuss the more controversial forms of contextualism, which I call political and theoretical...

  12. Islamic Education in China: Rebuilding Communities and Expanding Local and International Networks

    OpenAIRE

    armijo, jackie

    2015-01-01

    Over the last twenty years a wide range of Islamic educational opportunities have been developed to meet the needs of China’s 20 million plus Muslim population. In addition to mosque schools, government Islamic colleges, and independent Islamic colleges, a growing number of students have gone overseas to continue their studies at international Islamic universities in Egypt, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Iran, and Malaysia. 

  13. MENTAL HEALTH: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Muzdalifah M. Rahman

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to explain the concept of mental health perspective Contemporary Psychology, describes the mental health of an Islamic perspective and describes how mental health recovery. The theory used is the concept of mental health perspective Contemporary Psychology, and the concept of mental health perspective Islamic Psychology Writing is writing method using qualitative research methods. Mental health is avoiding an Islamic perspective of all symptoms, complaints and...

  14. Islamic Myths and Memories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Islamic myths and collective memory are very much alive in today’s localized struggles for identity, and are deployed in the ongoing construction of worldwide cultural networks. This book brings the theoretical perspectives of myth-making and collective memory to the study of Islam and globalizat....... It shows how contemporary Islamic thinkers and movements respond to the challenges of globalization by preserving, reviving, reshaping, or transforming myths and memories....

  15. Kepemimpinan dalam perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Sayra, Nadya; Juliandi, Azuar

    2017-01-01

    Sharia banking is a system of Islamic banking. In the last period, sharia Banking grew rapidly in Indonesia. The development of sharia banking requires Islamic leadership. Therefore, purpose of this study is to analyze employees and leaders perception of Islamic leadership in sharia banking. The approach of this study using an exploratory paradigm. Sources of research data are employees and leaders of Bank Syariah Mandiri in Medan City. The questionnaires and interviews were used to collect ...

  16. Femminismo e Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fehmi Jadaane

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Feminism and Islam - This article describes new developments in Islamic feminism. In the XIX Century of the Enlightenment, the idea of acknowledging sexual equality started a reform movement which put the question of women’s rights at the center. With the intensification of migratory movements and globalization, this debate has gone beyond the borders of Muslim countries, and now also involves western society. This paper discusses different Islamic feminist views with respect to the question of women rights. The author argues for the necessity of developing a new hermeneutic approach to the Koran in order to give rise to an enlightened, rational, egalitarian and humanistic Islam.

  17. Multikulturalisme Islam: Studi Tingkat Pemahaman Keberagamaan Multikulturalisme bagi Komunitas Muslim di Kota Palembang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nyimas Anisah

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Multikulturalisme adalah sebuah ideologi dan sebuah alat untuk meningkatkan martabat manusia dan kemanusiaan. Untuk memahami multikulturalisme diperlukan pembangunan berbasis pengetahuan dan konsep yang relevan yang mendukung keberadaan dan fungsinya dalam kehidupan manusia. Membangun konsep-konsep ini harus dikomunikasikan antara ahli yang memiliki perhatian ilmiah yang sama pada multikulturalisme sehingga ada pemahaman yang sama dan saling mendukung. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui tingkat pemahaman tokoh agama Islam di Palembang pada keberadaan multikulturalisme dan perkembangan Islam secara sosiologis dan antropologis melalui fenomena tersebut. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif yang bermaksud untuk menggambarkan tingkat pemahaman multikulturalisme Islam di Palembang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survei. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner yang berisi item-item pilihan. Kuesioner yang disebarkan adalah tentang pemahaman mereka tentang Islam dan multikulturalisme dalam kerangka artikulasi agama mereka. Selain itu, wawancara mendalam dilakukan serta para tokoh masyarakat dari dua kelompok Ernis yang berbeda. Wawancara ini hanya mengetahui tingkat partisipasi masing-masing kelompok etnis dalam kehidupan manusia sehari-hari. Dari data yang dikumpulkan menemukan bahwa: (1 Bahwa tingkat pemahaman Palembang agama rakyat berdasarkan data yang dikumpulkan kuesioner dan wawancara menunjukkan tingkat tinggi, terutama pada isu-isu yang berkaitan dengan hubungan sosial; (2 Dalam hal iman (aqidah, ajaran Islam yang benar tidak pernah membiarkan toleransi berlebihan mereka. Hal inilah yang menyebabkan responden memiliki sikap rendah dalam mengapresiasi mulitikulturalisme di bidang iman; (3 Jika dikaitkan dalam kehidupan masyarakat, dalam pemahaman masyarakat multikulturalisme Palembang menyebabkan integrasi sosial. Multiculturalism is an ideology and a tool to enhance the dignity of man

  18. ISLAM DAN PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Astutik Haryati

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The core of multiculturalism is the willingness to receive other groups as an equal and united part. It denies cultural, ethnical, gender, language and religious distinctions. Multiculturalism becomes a contextual idea relating to the current contemporary society. The basic priciples of equity, justice, openness, and difference recognition are the value principle needed by human in the crush of global culture. Thus, education has been an appropriate media to establish emulticultural. As a result, it is urgently required to design a curriculum of multicultural education containing some materials that are able to present multiperspectives of certain cultural phenomena.

  19. Hoffman Valerie J., The Essentials of Ibâḍî Islam, Syracuse NY, Syracuse University Press, 2012, xii + 344 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Meouak

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available L’ibadisme est une tendance de l’islam tout à fait singulière qui se distingue du sunnisme et du chiisme sur divers points doctrinaux. Il subsiste essentiellement en Oman, en Afrique de l’Est, dans la vallée du M’zāb en Algérie, dans les montagnes de Nafūsa en Libye, et sur l’île de Djerba en Tunisie. Les communautés ibadites se sont développées à partir d’une autre tendance de l’islam du viie siècle connue sous le nom de khārijisme, et elle partage avec ce groupe le désir de fonder une socié...

  20. Multiculturalism in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blue, Carl; Clark, Aaron; DeLuca, V. William; Kelly, Daniel

    2018-01-01

    The changing demographics of U.S. society have prompted a focus on multiculturalism in today's classrooms. Educators and students are expected to be aware of the individual differences and characteristics that exist and use these attributes to everyone's advantage. This awareness begins with developing a broad understanding of the diverse…

  1. The Multicultural War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Charles C.

    2006-01-01

    A multicultural curriculum is one that includes all cultures that make up the United States, and social class is one factor to address when considering such a curriculum. Social class is often misperceived as the middle class social strata, because it is the core structure within the United States. Culture is a social personality structure, and it…

  2. Multiculturalism: An Educational Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reagan, Timothy

    1984-01-01

    In his introduction to this journal issue, which reviews books dealing with multiculturalism, the author discusses three theories of assimilation--Anglo-conformity, the melting pot, and cultural pluralism--and the doctrine of cultural relativism. Strengths and weaknesses of the books reviewed are also discussed. (RM)

  3. Dictionary of Multicultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Carl A., Ed.; Ladson-Billings, Gloria, Ed.

    The focus of this dictionary is the meanings and perspectives of various terms that are used in multicultural education. Contributors have often addressed the literal meanings of words and terms as well as contextual meanings and examples that helped create those meanings. Like other dictionaries, this one is arranged alphabetically, but it goes…

  4. ARSITEKTUR ISLAM ATAU ARSITEKTUR ISLAMI?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sativa Sativa

    2011-01-01

      ABSTRACT. It has been regarded, there are so many discussion and study of Islamic architecture, particularly among academics and practitioners. Most of the discussion focuses on aspects of form, style, historical relics and other things that are considered physical is part of the culture of Muslims. Meanwhile, some people feel that the real Islam is not enough just realized with the physical aspect only. Currently, growing discourse about Islamic architecture which tends to emphasize Islamic values rather than physical typology of product architecture. In this matter, the author referred to it as Islamic Architecture. This paper is aimed to discover how extend to which the differences between two thinking about Islam Architecture and Islamic Architecture, and to find out the aspects which influence in Islamic Architecture product planning, through the study of various sources of the Qur'an and hadith, books, journals, and several articles, in addition to analysis of the author's own thoughts. From those studies it was found that a discussion of Islam architecture is very different from Islamic architecture. Islam architecture emphasizes the physical aspects of the built environment, while Islamic architecture is more advanced on Islamic values which root on Al Quran and hadith or sunnah of the Prophet. Aspects of Islamic architecture that need to be developed is efficiency, egalitarian, privacy and genius loci.   Keywords : Islam Architecture, Islamic Architecture, Islamic values

  5. Islamic Diffusion in the Baltics: The Fruit of European Multiculturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladkiy Yu. N.

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article considers Western Europe as a principal centre that has been attracting migrants over recent decades, primarily, in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. The Baltic region states are chosen for demonstration. Although they have different proportions of Muslim immigrants, Muslim diasporas are the most numerous and rapidly growing ones in the Baltics. Undoubtedly, Muslim communities across the region enjoy certain similarities. The differences they have are explained, among other factors, by national policies towards migrant integration. This article aims to identify the features of Muslim migration to the Baltic States in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. The authors analyse the timeline of Muslim immigration to the Baltic region. It is stressed that, despite current difficulties, Germany and Finland are more successful in integrating immigrants than, for instance, Sweden and Denmark. Just like other Western European countries, the Baltic States have not developed a conceptual framework for their migration and integration policies towards Muslim immigrants. The authors describe possible Muslim integration scenarios — the Singaporean and Palestinian ones, simulation, and confrontation. Given their apparent conscientious refusal to adapt and integrate migrants, the Baltic States are most likely to face the Palestinian scenario.

  6. Multicultural Science Education and Curriculum Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwater, Mary M.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes multicultural science education and explains the purposes of multicultural science curricula. It also serves as an introductory article for the other multicultural science education activities in this special issue of "Science Activities".

  7. Investigating Multicultural Education Phenomena in Minority and Public High Schools in Turkey: A Multiple Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinlar, Aylin; Dogan, Suleyman

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Upon inspection of Turkish national programs, it is seen that today they incorporate more universal values and principles such as democracy and pluralism. In order to design systems and curricula for multicultural societies, it is of great importance to thoroughly understand the phenomenon of multicultural education in minority and public…

  8. Multiculturalism in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Mesić

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts out from the recent statement by the German Chancellor Angela Merkel that multiculturalism in Germany is dead. The author draws attention to the unfavourable conditions for the development of multiculturalism in Germany. The reasons are historical, especially the experience of Nazism as well as the German social state. Namely, foreign workers in Germany, although without political rights and socially non-integrated, enjoyed a high degree of working and social rights, including high employment security. In this respect their position significantly differed from that of American workers (immigrants, which is why the struggle for civil rights was not in the foreground for German immigrants. Therefore, “the crisis of multiculturalism” appeared with the immigrants’ “second generation” (children, who have been first hit in the current times of crisis and the increasing deregulation of the labour market. They have remained socially non-integrated and without civil and political rights. It is interesting that the churches, particularly the Protestant one, lead in Germany in the efforts to begin to look at immigrants in a cultural (human sense as well, and have thus been the first to acknowledge that Germany has become a multicultural society. But this term and concept in Germany have remained sketchy, both in the theoretical and political sense. However, they have gained certain sympathy, mainly in parts of liberal-democratic circles – the Green Party leading the way – but more in a symbolic sense in countering xenophobia and cultural exclusion in German society. When multiculturalism was accused of developing “parallel society”, both the right and the left renounced it in favour of the (seemingly neutral concept of integration. The author proves that Germany has become and has remained multicultural, although not a multiculturalist country.

  9. Islam in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Schøler

    2008-01-01

    A discussion of various approaches to Islam and Muslims in Europe in seven books published in the USA and the UK between 2005 and 2007.......A discussion of various approaches to Islam and Muslims in Europe in seven books published in the USA and the UK between 2005 and 2007....

  10. Mohammad Shahidul Islam

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mohammad Shahidul Islam. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 9 September 2015 pp 1547-1556. Molecular structure investigation and tautomerism aspects of ()-3-benzylideneindolin-2-one · Assem Barakat Abdullah Mohammed Al-Majid Mohammad Shahidul Islam M Ali Saied M Soliman ...

  11. Engaging with Islamic Patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugarman, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Islamic patterns were a regular feature in mathematics classrooms, and probably still feature in many wall displays. However, as part of the learning process, these ancient designs appear to have lost any significant contemporary appeal. Here, the power of software is engaged to bring the construction of Islamic type patterns up to date. Forget…

  12. Interfaith education: An Islamic perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallavicini, Yahya Sergio Yahe

    2016-08-01

    According to a teaching of the Prophet Muhammad, "the quest for knowledge is the duty of each Muslim, male or female", where knowledge is meant as the discovery of the real value of things and of oneself in relationship with the world in which God has placed us. This universal dimension of knowledge is in fact a wealth of wisdom of the traditional doctrine naturally linked to the cultural and spiritual heritage of every human being and every believer of every faith. It allows for the respect of internal and external differences as positive elements of the cultural and spiritual heritage of mankind. In this sense, intercultural and interfaith education plays a fundamental role and fits naturally within the Islamic religious education framework. The author of this article is Vice-President and Imam of the Islamic Religious Community in Italy (Comunità Religiosa Islamica [COREIS] Italiana), an organisation which has been providing teachers and students with training on Islam and interfaith dialogue for almost twenty years with the support of the regional and national offices of the Italian Ministry of Public Education. Referring to existing interreligious and intercultural societies such as Azerbaijan, and a number of successful initiatives and projects, several of which COREIS is involved in, he demonstrates how interfaith education can effectively contribute to preventing the diffusion of anti-Semitism, Islamophobia and radicalism.

  13. From Undang-undang Melaka to federal constitution: the dynamics of multicultural Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Nor, Mohd Roslan Mohd; Abdullah, Ahmad Termizi; Ali, Abdul Karim

    2016-01-01

    Background Malaysia is a multicultural state comprising three main races: Malays, Chinese and Indians. The three main religions are Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. Other religions such as Sikhism and Christianity are also practised. Muslims are the majority comprising 67?% of the population. Methods This paper is qualitative in nature. It applies historical comparative method in presenting its data. The Undang-undang Melaka (Malacca Laws) was obtained from the monograph available at National Li...

  14. Tujuan Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Syafe'i

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available There are three basic components of human innate. These components are body, spirit, and mind. One is the body, which is developed according to sunatullah means that if humans consume enough food nutrition it will grow like plants and other creatures. While the spirit and the senses evolved to explore themselves through the process of education. The body, the spirit, and the mind is a unity of whole and round and indivisible. According to Jalaluddin the purpose of Islamic education should be formulated from the philosophical value contained in the philosophy of Islamic education. The purpose of Islamic education is identical with the goal of Islam itself. According to Abdurrahman Saleh Abdullah, there are three main objectives of Islamic education, namely that physical objectives (ahdaf al-jismiyyah, spiritual causes (ahdaf a, ruhiyyah-education, and mental objectives (ahdaf al-aqliyyah.

  15. Multiculturalism as Governmentality in Britain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    Britain has been a multicultural nation for the better part of the past century, but multiculturalism has only manifested itself as a political phenomenon roughly since the Rushdie affair. Multiculturalism did not emerge as a proactive political initiative, but became a strategy for solving...... the problems ushered in by the multicultural society. Specifically, the challenges arose following the recent history immigration and emerged as discrimination, hate speech, reaffirmed religious identities, terrorism and radicalism. These challenges and politics of British multiculturalism have been studied...... be understood as the guiding principles of the modern British state? Is a multicultural politics, as applied by the British government, the better strategy for solving the problems and reaffirming its position as the immediately apparent governing institution of society?...

  16. Islamic Social Reporting in Islamic Banking: Stakeholders Theory Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meutia Inten

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the level of Corporate Social Responsibility disclosure on Islamic banking in Indonesia and Malaysia. Using data from annual report in seven public Islamic banks in Indonesia and seven public Islamic banks in Malaysia, this research find that the level ISR of Islamic banking in Indonesia are better than the level ISR of Islamic banking in Malaysia. There were significant differences between the two groups were observed with respect to the all theme of reporting.

  17. Gerakan Filantropi Islam di Amerika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuad Hasyim

    2018-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui perkembangan gerakan filantropi Islam di Amerika yang meliputi pembahasan tentang basis kelembagaan filantropi Islam dan kontribusinya terhadap solidaritas dan pemberdayaan umat Islam di Amerika. Penelitian ini adalah kajian literatur dengan menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dan pendekatan multidisiplin. Hasil penelitian menunjukan empat basis kelembagaan gerakan filantropi Islam di Amerika; yaitu masjid, lembaga pendidikan, etnis dan aliran atau madzhab pemikiran. Didapatkan pula fakta hubungan signifikan antara eksistensi lembaga filantropi Islam terhadap kebijakan politik pemerintah terkait isu radikalisme yang melekat pada umat Islam di Amerika. Kata Kunci : Amerika, Filantropi, Islam, Muslim

  18. THE PROBLEM OF MULTICULTURALISM: Radicalism Mainstreaming through Religious Preaching in Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakiyuddin Baidhawy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at identifying the material scope of religious preaching and sermon; and describing the multicultural aspects conveyed in the religious preaching and sermon. As the subject of analysis, it focuses on religious sermons delivered by preachers in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. Using content and discourse analysis, this study finds that: the diversity of the society gains little attention by different religious preachers; instead of multicultural values, the religious preaches and sermons contain some anti-multicultural values, such as self-righteousness, prejudices and stereotypes of other groups; the subject of religious preaches and sermons implied the intensity of the purification movement; and the development of Islam implies the tendency of religious radicalism as reflected in the hostility towards the local culture, foreign people, and non-Muslims.

  19. Penelitian Islam: Dasar dan Filosofi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Bakar Marzuki

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a continued understanding of some thoughts delivered by the Islamic study experts. Actually, Islamic study orientation is still floating and it does not have a clear goal. Some parts of Islamic study is  model or a similar effort done by  orientalists in studying Islam, and in line with the vision and the mission starting from false conclusion about Islam. Therefore, Islamic study experts in the earlier awakening of Islam such as  Al-banna, al-maududi, Ismail Raji al Faruqi, Ziauddin sardar, and Muhammad Naquib al-Attas have offered various thoughts in implementing the framework of Islamic study in line with the vision and the mission of Islam so that their mindset becomes the basis for development of Islamic study. 

  20. The Challenge of Islamic Finance

    OpenAIRE

    Sheng, Andrew; Singh, Ajit

    2012-01-01

    From its humble beginnings in the 1990s, Islamic finance has become a trillion US dollar industry. The market consensus is that Islamic finance has a bright future due to favourable demographics and rising incomes in the Muslim community. Moreover, despite voices sceptical of an accommodation between Islamic and global finance, leading global banks are buying Islamic bonds and forming subsidiaries specially to conduct Islamic finance business. Special laws have been passed in non-Muslim fi...

  1. URGENSI PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM PENGEMBANGAN NILAI-NILAI MULTIKULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salmiwati Wati

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The function of Islamic education as one of compulsory subjects is to form the students’ character in order to be obedience and tolerance muslims. Thus, they can accept multicultural system and reject any form of oppresses because of diversity. It can be specifically seen from the objective of the lesson which aims to create Indonesian citizens to be  diligent worshipers,  good ,  knowledge, intelligent, honest, wise, discipline, and tolerance muslims. They also should keep the harmony and develop religion and culture in the schools.

  2. MANAGING MULTICULTURAL PROJECT TEAMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezar SCARLAT

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is based on literature review and authors’ own recent experience in managing multicultural project teams, in international environment. This comparative study considers two groups of projects: technical assistance (TA projects versus information technology (IT projects. The aim is to explore the size and structure of the project teams – according to the team formation and its lifecycle, and to identify some distinctive attributes of the project teams – both similarities and differences between the above mentioned types of projects. Distinct focus of the research is on the multiculturalism of the project teams: how the cultural background of the team members influences the team performance and team management. Besides the results of the study are the managerial implications: how the team managers could soften the cultural clash, and avoid inter-cultural misunderstandings and even conflicts – in order to get a better performance. Some practical examples are provided as well.

  3. Spiritualitas Islam dalam Kewirausahaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanifiyah Yuliatul Hijriah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Islamic spirituality refers to a paradigm of unity in realizing a harmonious balance between aspects of the world and the hereafter. This is an important aspect in fostering the forces that accompanied the faith toward Allah SWT, the power over all aspects of life, including for entrepreneurial activity. Islamic spirituality was born from every human which is capable of being utilized a strength in the form of spiritual intelligence. This element exists in every human being as grace of Allah SWT, which is useful for the activity of life. Results found that there were seven spiritual intelligence elements according to the Islamic perspective, there are: the faith, taqwâ, morality, s}iddîq, amânah, tablîgh, fat}ânah, discipline, visionary, and empathy. This qualitative study examines aspects of the spirituality of Islam containing potential elements in the form of spiritual intelligence that was potential for Islamic entrepreneurship in achieving sustainability of the business. The ability of businessmen to manage businesses, through attitude and decision making can be dependent upon the elements of the intelligence of Islamic spirituality. Islamic spiritual intelligence is able to be implemented in the business activities in order to achieve the sustainability of business, namely at the stage of production management, marketing, capital and human resources, where the result can be synergized to form a continuity of effort appropriate to The Islamic perspective. The orientation of the sustainability of the effort according to Islam was not only profit achievement, but also to achieve spiritual benefit that is also Allah SWT’s blessings.

  4. Managing multicultural teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brett, Jeanne; Behfar, Kristin; Kern, Mary C

    2006-11-01

    Multicultural teams offer a number of advantages to international firms, including deep knowledge of different product markets, culturally sensitive customer service, and 24-hour work rotations. But those advantages may be outweighed by problems stemming from cultural differences, which can seriously impair the effectiveness of a team or even bring itto a stalemate. How can managers best cope with culture-based challenges? The authors conducted in-depth interviews with managers and members of multicultural teams from all over the world. Drawing on their extensive research on dispute resolution and teamwork and those interviews, they identify four problem categories that can create barriers to a team's success: direct versus indirect communication, trouble with accents and fluency, differing attitudes toward hierarchy and authority, and conflicting norms for decision making. If a manager--or a team member--can pinpoint the root cause of the problem, he or she is likelier to select an appropriate strategy for solving it. The most successful teams and managers, the authors found, dealt with multicultural challenges in one of four ways: adaptation (acknowledging cultural gaps openly and working around them), structural intervention (changing the shape or makeup of the team), managerial intervention (setting norms early or bringing in a higher-level manager), and exit (removing a team member when other options have failed). Which strategy is best depends on the particular circumstances--and each has potential complications. In general, though, managers who intervene early and set norms; teams and managers who try to engage everyone on the team; and teams that can see challenges as stemming from culture, not personality, succeed in solving culture-based problems with good humor and creativity. They are the likeliest to harvest the benefits inherent in multicultural teams.

  5. Measuring Islamic Business Ethics Within Indonesia Islamic Banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Ngurah Oka Widana

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The business characteristic of Islamic banks is the implementation of Islamic business ethics. Parallel with the trend of increasing preference to ethical institution, Islamic banks should put this as its competitive edge toward its competitor conventional competitor banks. However, only few previous studies discussed about the implementation of Islamic business ethics within Islamic banks and none suggested how to measure such implementation. This paper is a study of the literature on ethics and Islamic business ethics as the first step in developing a measurement tool of Islamic business ethics implementation within Islamic banks. This paper synthesizes the dimensions of Islamic business ethics that is excavated from the Quran and Sunna, being proposed by previous studies. There are seven dimensions, namely unity of God, benevolence, justice and equity, sincere, equilibrium, trusteeship and responsibility. Subsequently, this paper outlines these dimensions into 21 items. The opportunity of future empirical study is recommended at the end of this paper.

  6. Islamic Development Bank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-06-01

    The Islamic Development Bank (IDB) was opened formally in October 1975 to foster the economic development and social progress of its member countries and Moslem communities individually as well as jointly in accordance with the priniciples of Islamic law. Its functions include participation in equity capital, granting loans for projects and enterprises, extending training facilities, and promoting foreign trade, especially in capital goods, among the member countries. The 34-member Bank is capitalized at 2 billion Islamic Dinars and located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

  7. Proper Islamic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    mobile, religiously committed communities to the opportunities and perils presented by modernisation. It also tells us something about the debates concerning the meanings and practices of Islam within an aggressive, globalised, secularised modernity. In Malaysia this is an especially intriguing issue...... spite of a long line of social theory analyzing the spiritual in the economic, and vice versa, very little of the recent increase in scholarship on Islam addresses its relationship with capitalism. Johan Fischer’s book,Proper Islamic Consumption, begins to fill this gap. […] Fischer’s detailed...

  8. Rereading Multicultural Readers: What Definition of Multicultural Are We Buying?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Nancy

    A flood of new multicultural readers and textbooks are hitting the market for writing and literature courses at the college level. Yet there has been no systematic examination of how these readers are being used, the purposes and audiences for which they are written, or the critical reception they have received. Multicultural readers distinguish…

  9. PELAKSANAAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM MULTIKULTURAL DI RINTISAN SEKOLAH BERTARAF INTERNASIONAL SMAN 1 PAMEKASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Susanto

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Complex in all dimension life, start from most abstraction up to most concretet represents the fact which is given, irreversible and cannot disobey. Still,- realized or without in realizing - He, that complext, times, rill trap human being at destructive behavior and becomes conflict root, so that it is important to be traced fully seriousness. This article try to describe execution of Islamic education being based on multi-cultural, as one of effort minimizing the conflict with entrance of Islamic education . Through the approach qualitative with deep observation and deep interview as instrument of the first data collection, the article representing this research summary finds that education of multicultural in SMAN 1 Pamekasan is still executed in integrativeadditive pattern and not yet entered for transformatif level

  10. From Undang-undang Melaka to federal constitution: the dynamics of multicultural Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nor, Mohd Roslan Mohd; Abdullah, Ahmad Termizi; Ali, Abdul Karim

    2016-01-01

    Malaysia is a multicultural state comprising three main races: Malays, Chinese and Indians. The three main religions are Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. Other religions such as Sikhism and Christianity are also practised. Muslims are the majority comprising 67 % of the population. This paper is qualitative in nature. It applies historical comparative method in presenting its data. The Undang - undang Melaka (Malacca Laws) was obtained from the monograph available at National Library of Malaysia under the name of Hukum Kanun Melaka. Analysis was done on selected examples from this document. This paper highlights that had there been no introduction to a common law system, Malaysia would have remained with its traditional laws influenced by Islam and its local customs as evident from Undang - undang Melaka (Malacca laws). The Undang - undang Melaka was practised from 1422 to 1444 and the law of the country was developed to accommodate the introduction of civil law during the colonial period. One of the unique aspects of multicultural Malaysia is the fact that it has a parallel legal system: sharia and civil law. This paper examines histo-cultural development of the Islamic law as practised in pre-independent Malaysia, as well as the coexistence between these two laws after the independence of Malaya in 1957. This paper concludes that Islamic law in Malaysia is confined to Muslim family matters, while civil law covers all other matters.

  11. Literature Review of Multicultural Instrumentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarraj, Huda; Carter, Stacy; Burley, Hansel

    2015-01-01

    Demographic changes at the national level emphasize a critical need for multicultural education to be included as part of undergraduate education. This critical review of the literature examines 10 multicultural instruments that are suitable for use in K-12 or higher education institutions. This is a novel literature review in that it is the first…

  12. Training Staff for Multicultural Diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennison, Judith A.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses guidelines for training staff in multicultural camp communities. Includes developing an awareness and acceptance of cultural differences, self-awareness, an understanding of the "dynamics of differences," knowledge of the camper's culture, and adaptation of skills. Addresses the importance of integrating multicultural education goals…

  13. ISLAM AND MINORITIES: Managing Identity in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Suaedy

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The Malaysian general election in March 2008 raised an interesting and new phenomenon. For the first time since independence in 1957, the ruling alliance known as the National Front (Barisan Nasional, BN failed to secure two thirds of seats in parliament and lost control of five of Malaysia’s 13 states. This was due to the challenge presented by the new opposition alliance known as the Alternative Front (Barisan Alternatif, BA or the People’s Alliance (Pakatan Rakyat, PK which won more than 36% of seats in parliament and gained control of the five states. In the 2004 election, BN secured the largest ever percentage of seats in parliament with 91%. What is interesting is that it seems that this significant increase in support for the opposition is  due to their offer to change the way minorities and ethnicity is managed. They  propose a move from “Bumiputera Supremacy”, or affirmative action for the approximately 65% of “Bumiputera” Malaysians (the rest being largely of Chinese or Indian ethnicity, to “The People’s Supremacy”, which involves eradicating affirmative action based on ethnicity, basing it instead on need, for  instance need due to poverty. This would potentially increase the likelihood  of justice and equality for all ethnic or racial groups. This paper connects the phenomenon of change, as seen in the about turn in the results between the  2004 and 2008 elections, to the more global trend in which minorities are standing up to demand their rights in this era of globalization, and to the challenge multiculturalism presents to parts of the Muslim world such as Malaysia. Malaysia, a Muslim majority nation that has formally declared Islam the official state religion with Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the King as  Head of the State and symbol of Islam, is one example, though not necessarily  representative, of how Islam and Muslims manage minorities and identity or  multiculturalism within the process of globalization

  14. Early Islamic Syria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walmsley, Alan

    After more than a century of neglect, a profound revolution is occurring in the way archaeology addresses and interprets developments in the social history of early Islamic Syria-Palestine. This concise book offers an innovative assessment of social and economic developments in Syria-Palestine sh......After more than a century of neglect, a profound revolution is occurring in the way archaeology addresses and interprets developments in the social history of early Islamic Syria-Palestine. This concise book offers an innovative assessment of social and economic developments in Syria......-Palestine shortly before, and in the two centuries after, the Islamic expansion (the later sixth to the early ninth century AD), drawing on a wide range of new evidence from recent archaeological work. Alan Walmsley challenges conventional explanations for social change with the arrival of Islam, arguing...

  15. Moderate and Radical Islam

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rabasa, Angel

    2005-01-01

    This report presents the statement of Angel Rabasa, PhD, Senior Policy Analyst, The RAND Corporation, to the Committee on Armed Services, Defense Review Terrorism and Radical Islam Gap Panel, United...

  16. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blanchard, Christopher M

    2009-01-01

    .... This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and discusses the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities...

  17. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blanchard, Christopher M

    2005-01-01

    .... This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities...

  18. Islam: Sunnis and Shiites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blanchard, Christopher M

    2006-01-01

    .... This report includes a historical background of the Sunni-Shiite split and discusses the differences in religious beliefs and practices between and within each Islamic sect as well as their similarities...

  19. ASURANSI DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Havis Aravik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses how insurance aplikable in Islam perspective. The results of discussion is that insurance as Islamic Economic (muamalah practice today, is not known at the time of the Prophet Muhammad, so that the legal basis textually not found in the Quran and hadith, the results of previous scholars and ijtihad in codes of Islamic Law. Islamic insurance which is being developed today, can essentially reduce the burden and narrowness, and bring benefits in people's lives. Therefore, the community should begin to see the prospect of such insurance as the media to protect themselves from the various possibilities of unwanted later, while participating together help each other in goodness and piety.

  20. Exploring the Multicultural Competence of Leadership Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Amy B.

    2013-01-01

    Research examining multicultural competence among higher education professionals responsible for leadership education demonstrated significant correlations with racial identity and multicultural education and experiences. The Multicultural Competence in Student Affairs-Preliminary 2 (MCSA-P2) scale was used to measure multicultural competence.…

  1. Multicultural Education Course Put into Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Eun Jeong

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the ways in which two teachers who have previously taken a multicultural education course put into practice multicultural teaching in a first grade afterschool program. Banks' five dimensions of multicultural education are used as the theoretical framework for analyzing past research on multicultural education courses and for…

  2. Why The Rate Of Financing In Islamic Banks Is High? An Analysis Based On Malaysian Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irfan Syauqi Beik

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Islamic banking has grown rapidly and has become fi nancial-nerve centre in today’s world economy, particularly in the last three decades. It has attracted various entrepreneurs and enterprises to get its fi nancing. However, Islamic banks tend to have a higher rate of fi nancing compared to the conventional ones. This less competitiveness encourage the demand for Islamic products may fall leaving the Islamic banks. Good debtors opted for conventional loans since the interest rates paid were relatively lower and the rest (the bad debtors successfully made their way to Islamic banks. Therefore, the nonperforming financing of Islamic banks is high. This paper attempts to analyze factors that determine high rate of fi nancing in Islamic banks, by taking the case of Malaysian Islamic banks. In this paper, the top three of Islamic banks and conventional banks are selected for comparison. It finds that high default premium and overheads per capital contribute signifi cantly to the high fi nancing rate. Hence, the Islamic banks should diversify their assets and implement universal banking concept.Keywords: Islamic bank, rate of fi nancing, NPF (Non-Performing Financing, universal banking system

  3. A Survey of Knowledge, Individual Perceived Risk, General Perceived Risk, and Behavioral Intentions Regarding Hepatitis B among Students in the Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University in 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimiankakolaki, Zohreh; Baghianimoghadam, Mohammad Hossein; Gerayllo, Sakineh; Sheikh Samani, Nadia; Hadipour, Hajar

    2016-07-01

    Hepatitis B is the most common cause of liver disease, and medical students are a risk group for the disease given their future occupations. The aim of the study was to assess of predictors of hepatitis B in the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University in 2014. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 300 students from the Faculty of nursing, midwifery and health at Shahrekord Islamic Azad University. The students answered questionnaires with items covering demographic characteristics, individual knowledge, public risk perception, perceived personal risk, and behavioral intentions regarding hepatitis B. The data were analyzed with SPSS version 18 software. The mean knowledge score of the students was 4.77 ± 1.71, the mean public risk perception score was 24.22 ± 3.44, the mean perceived personal risk score was 6.51 ± 1.97, and the mean behavioral intention score was 12.06 ± 2.97. There were significant differences in the mean knowledge scores in terms of gender, level of awareness, and level of education. There were also differences in the mean behavioral intention scores in terms of gender and field of study, the mean perceived personal risk scores in terms of level of education and field of study, and the mean public risk perception scores in terms of field of study. According to the results of this study, it is necessary to implement educational intervention in order to allow students to identify risk factors and overcome barriers to understanding the implications of the disease in this context.

  4. Islam, Standards, and Technoscience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    Halal (literally, "permissible" or "lawful") production, trade, and standards have become essential to state-regulated Islam and to companies in contemporary Malaysia and Singapore, giving these two countries a special position in the rapidly expanding global market for halal products......, this book provides an exploration of the role of halal production, trade, and standards. Fischer explains how the global markets for halal comprise divergent zones in which Islam, markets, regulatory institutions, and technoscience interact and diverge. Focusing on the "bigger institutional picture...

  5. Pendidikan Multikultural di SMAN 1 Masalembu Sumenep (Studi Pada Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam Aspek Fiqh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahol Arifin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The variety of culture in small islands of Sumenep regency has some uniqueness to be observed. For instance, the ethnic group in Masalembu island consist of  Bugis, Mandar, Button, Bajo, Java and Madurese. That culture variety (multiculture need an education innovation especially in Islamic education at Masalembu Junior High School 1 Sumenep. Multiculture education is a learning way that is oriented to the process of making personality and attitude of students to make them understand about plurality, equality, and tolerance to others in the society. Furthermore, the writer try to observe about Multiculture Education at Masalembu Junior High School 1 Sumenep through a teaching model to Islamic education subject of Fiqh side which the students condition is vary in ethnic groups and culture. This research is a qualitative field research using descriptive approach. The data collection in this research using observation, interview, and documentation. The result of the research shows that Multiculture Education through acomodative strategy is a learning process that give knowledge to the students about culture, tradition, attitude patterns in society and become an identity for future progress of individually and the society itself.  Through this teaching strategy Multiculture Education can be applied in Masalembu Junior High School 1 Sumenep. Acomodative Learning Model at Masalembu Junior High School 1 Sumenep has a clear lesson plan, so that students able to have appreciatiation and positive impact to the students who has different culture in the classroom and able to understand the culture variety in their society. The students’ appreciation in the classroom shows that they have pluralist attitude. There is no differences or similarity and tolerance to their friends inside or outside the classroom. Whereas, the appreciation of students to the society shows that the students able to understand the differences between Islamic education of Fiqh

  6. Islam and harm reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamarulzaman, A; Saifuddeen, S M

    2010-03-01

    Although drugs are haram and therefore prohibited in Islam, illicit drug use is widespread in many Islamic countries throughout the world. In the last several years increased prevalence of this problem has been observed in many of these countries which has in turn led to increasing injecting drug use driven HIV/AIDS epidemic across the Islamic world. Whilst some countries have recently responded to the threat through the implementation of harm reduction programmes, many others have been slow to respond. In Islam, The Quran and the Prophetic traditions or the Sunnah are the central sources of references for the laws and principles that guide the Muslims' way of life and by which policies and guidelines for responses including that of contemporary social and health problems can be derived. The preservation and protection of the dignity of man, and steering mankind away from harm and destruction are central to the teachings of Islam. When viewed through the Islamic principles of the preservation and protection of the faith, life, intellect, progeny and wealth, harm reduction programmes are permissible and in fact provide a practical solution to a problem that could result in far greater damage to the society at large if left unaddressed. Copyright (c) 2009. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  7. Reconciling Islam and feminism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, I

    1999-03-01

    This paper objects to the popular view that Islam supports a segregated social system where women are marginalized, and argues that certain Islamic texts are supportive of women's rights. The article proposes that Islam reconcile with feminism by returning to the Qur'an. The Qur'an provides rights which address the common complaints of women such as lack of freedom to make decisions for themselves and the inability to earn an income. One example is a verse in the Qur'an (4:34) that is frequently interpreted as giving women complete control over their own income and property. This article also explains how Islam has been used as a method of controlling women, particularly in the practices of veiling and purdah (seclusion). The article points out the need to engage in Islam from a position of knowing, and to ensure that Muslim women have access to this knowledge. It is only through this knowledge that women can assert their rights and challenge patriarchal interpretations of Islam.

  8. Practicing Multicultural Education through Religiously Affiliated Schools and Its Implications for Social Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahur Rohman

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Having varied ethnics, cultures, religions, or faiths, Indonesia is considered a multicultural nation in today’s world. This equity can be dangerous; but also can be advantageous if myriad interests of citizens are able to be nurtured through education, including religious schools. The research was conducted to explore multicultural practices in the State-owned Islamic High School (MAN 3 and the Catholic High School (SMA Stella Duce 2 in Yogyakarta Indonesia. Data was gathered via qualitative method by means of comparative study, aiming at seeking similarities and differences on promoting multicultural education values. Findings show similarities of teachers’ attitudes and characteristics as facilitator, accommodator, or assimilator whereas the differences include their leadership role in intrareligious dialog at MAN 3 and dialog leaders at SMA Stella Duce 2. Other issues include diverse understandings of religion and its perceived violence. The research formulates two categories of teacher as being multicultural-intrareligious pluralist and multicultural-intrareligious humanist. It also discusses implications on social change as a result of cultural interchange at those schools.

  9. Taken Hostage. The Iran Hostage Crisis and America’s First Encounter with Radical Islam. Princeton et Oxford, Princeton University Press, 2005, 212 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Kian-Thiébaut, Azadeh

    2007-01-01

    Spécialiste de l’histoire des États-Unis, l’A. a décidé d’écrire cet ouvrage sur la crise des otages à Téhéran après les attentats du 11 septembre 2001. Ces deux évènements sont certes très différents mais pour l’A. la crise des otages est le premier acte d’anti-américanisme d’envergure. A travers son ouvrage, D. Farber espère donc mettre en perspective les rapports tordus entre les États-Unis et les forces de l’islam politique. L’A. a entrepris des recherches dans les archives et analyse la ...

  10. Islam Wetu Telu [Dialektika Hukum Islam dengan Tradisi Lokal

    OpenAIRE

    Zuhdi, Muhammad Harfin

    2014-01-01

    Islam reached Lombok in the sixteenth century. It was brought by the Javanese Muslim preachers led by Sunan Prapen, the son of Sunan Giri, one of the famous nine saints (Wali Songo). Prior to the spread of Islam in this island, the indigenous people of Lombok (the Sasak) had embraced their own traditional religion,called Boda. This created dialectics between Islam and this local belief that resulted in the rise of vernacular expression of Islam called wetu teluin Bayan, north Lombok....

  11. Reading Trends and Perceptions Towards Islamic English Websites as Teaching Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairuddin, Zurina; Shukry, Azimah Shurfa Mohammed; Sani, Nurshafawati Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    This paper is a study of the reading trends and perceptions of Muslim Malaysian undergraduate students towards Islamic English websites as pedagogical materials in English language classrooms. Data was collected through a set of questionnaires to 180 students from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) and Universiti Sultan…

  12. The Precarious Question of Black Cultural Centers Versus Multicultural Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Princes, Carolyn D. W.

    This paper discusses the role of black cultural centers on university campuses, focusing on whether black cultural centers or multicultural centers best meet the needs of an increasingly diverse student body and society. It examines the historical role of black cultural centers as vehicles to promote educational opportunity, student retention, and…

  13. Preservice Teachers' Multicultural Teaching Concerns and Knowledge of Parent Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotti, Judy; Harris, Mary M.; Jacobson, Arminta; Brown, Amber

    2012-01-01

    Implementation of a parent involvement curriculum at a large university in the Southwest United States is described. Pre- and posttests confirmed that preservice teachers (n = 78) gained significant knowledge about parent engagement practices (p less than 0.001). Scores from a multicultural teaching-concerns survey were correlated with…

  14. DEMOCRACY AND EDUCATION ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulfa Masamah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Education is one of the media that is Able to help develop the potential of all human beings. Over time the implementation of many educational experience problems when the role of education has a significant influence on improving the quality of human life. Islamic education as an agent of social change should be Able to hit the problem that move dynamically and proactively to the advancement and improvement of Muslims. Das sollen, the purpose of education in Islam as the process of formation of human beings to conform with the nature of existence. Therefore, we need an alternative thinking in an effort to minimize the various educational failure. Democratization of education Considered as a solution capable of Islamic education in creating a humanist. Education that does not justify the existence of intimidation, repression and restrictions on the creativity of teachers and students can be Realized with the Efforts to create a democracy marked by education teaching-learning process that is open and full of healthy and responsible dialogue between teacher and pupil. Humanist atmosphere in education will deliver the achievement of educational goals of Islam. Islamic education is basically the Democratization of space, the which is where the education is directed at a dialogical space. Moreover, the ultimate goal of Islamic education directs its final destination on the behavior and attitude changes, the quality and variety of aspects that promote humanism space. Islamic education should be oriented to instill democratic values in the learning process, such as openness, mutual respect, sympathy, empathy, solidarity, and their understanding of pluralism in a pluralistic life.

  15. Relasi Fiqh Muamalat dengan Ekonomi Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainil Ghulam

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Association of human society, will lead to personal interests for the sake of self-sufficient. From this will be born the rights and obligations that must be observed as a result of the fulfillment of human life necessities. Every human being bears the rights and obligations of each. Therefore, the association's rights and obligations should be regulated in accordance with the law and order that is clearly not harm each other. For example, every human being must be in need of property or the property of others. To meet these needs, the emerging practice of barter (exchange of goods, then buying and selling directly and are now developing more advanced such as e-commerce. Practices such as these need standards clear law to protect the rights and obligations of each. From here, the Muslim scholars to formulate diligence "rules of the game" are clear and properly conforming the Islamic Sharia, known as Fiqh Muamalat. In Islam, the fundamental philosophy of Islamic Economics is unity of god (Sura 39:38. The concept of monotheism confirms that Allah is the One mighty One, the creator of all beings. Human beings as creatures are derived from the same creation and discount equal rights and obligations as a vicegerent on earth. Thus, in Islamic Economics unknown economic strata, because the principle is the equitable distribution of economic resources for the benefit of human life and the universe. Humans as economic beings (homo economicus will certainly study the economy as part of his behavior to meet their needs in accordance with the principles prisnip human interaction. Therefore, the pattern of interaction between people (read: Muamalat in economic practice (Islam, it can be concluded that the real Islamic economic is part of the Fiqh Muamalat.

  16. KAMPUNG SENI ISLAM DI MAKASSAR DENGAN PENDEKATAN ARSITEKTUR ISLAM GEOMETRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaumil Maghfirah Asaf

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak— Makassar sebagai pusat pertumbuhan dan perkembangan di wilayah Timur Indonesia dengan penduduk yang mayoritas agama Islam, membutuhkan wadah yang dapat dijadikan tempat penyaluran bakat seninya khususnya seni Islam, yang bertujuan untuk membangkitkan girah (semangat umat Islam untuk mengembangkan seni yang bernafaskan Islam, melestarikannya, memperkenalkan, dan mendidik masyarakat dengan seni. Kampung Seni Islam di Makassar yang dapat mewadahi kebutuhan seniman untuk menyalurkan dan mengembangkan kreativitasnya. Kemampuan seperti itulah yang diharapkan dapat menghasilkan sumber daya manusia yang berkualitas dan memiliki intergritas dalam karya yang dihasilkan. Sehingga dapat diakui oleh lokal maupun internasional. Pendekatan yang digunakan pada bangunan Kampung Seni Islam adalah Arsitektur Islam Geometri. Geometri adalah salah satu cabang Matematika yang mempelajari tentang titik, garis, bidang dan benda-benda ruang beserta sifat-sifatnya, ukuran-ukurannya, dan hubungannya antara yang satu dengan yang lain. Arsiterktur Islam lebih menggunakan pola-pola berbentuk garis, lingkaran dan pola geometri lainnya yang tersusun membentuk satu-kesatuan yang mengandung makna spiritualis dan memiliki nilai estetika atau keindahan tingkat tinggi. kesenian Islam tampak adanya hubungan geometri yang kompleks, antara bentuk, ornamen, dan fasad. Kata Kunci : Kampung Seni Islam, Arsitektur Islam Geometri Abstract—Makassar as a center of growth and development in Eastern Indonesia with the majority religion of Islam, need a container that can be used as a distribution of artistic talent, especially Islamic art, which aims to raise Girah (spirit Muslims to develop art that Islam breath, preserve, introduced and educate the public with art. Islamic Art in Kampung Makassar that can accommodate the needs of artists to distribute and develop their creativity. Ability like that are expected to produce qualified human resources and have the integrity in the

  17. Developments in the Multilingual and Multicultural Learning Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.; Cozart, Stacey Marie; Kling, Joyce

    Uni project (2012-15) recommends that higher education institutions (HEI) provide ‘the necessary professional development and teacher training programmes that will allow HE teachers to appropriately develop (…) their professional and pedagogical knowledge, skills and competences and thereby empower them...... to ensure the quality of their teaching – and their students’ learning – in the multilingual and multicultural learning space’ (www.intluni.eu; Carroll 2015; Leask 2015). For many universities and other HEIs around the world, the multilingual and multicultural classroom is the new – or no longer quite so...... platform with resources targeted at EDs responsible for advancing faculty development in this area. In this session, the presenters will report on the first outcomes of EQUiiP. Participants will then be invited to interact and explore best practices in the multilingual and multicultural learning space...

  18. Etika Bisnis dalam Perspektif Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Nawatmi, Sri

    2010-01-01

    There is no ethic in business can make a destroy in a live. Because of that, many Businessman aware. Now, business ethic is a trend.The fact indicate that there is positif relation between perform and ethic. In Islam, business ethic explained in Al-Qur'an and Hadits. History about Nabi Muhammad saw said that Nabi is a successful businessman with Islamic ethic. Be based on the law in Islam, there are five principles in Islamic ethic.

  19. Radical Islamism and Failed Developmentalism

    OpenAIRE

    Rahnema, Saeed

    2008-01-01

    The rise of radical Islamism in recent years does not limit the applicability of the concept of cultural nationalism. Rather the two are intertwined in ways which this article will attempt to highlight. Islam took specific national forms as modern nation-states arose and the contemporary resurgence of radical Islamism also follows that modern pattern. I examine the emergence of the three most important movements in the Islamic world, namely, the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Jama'at-e Islami i...

  20. The Role of Ethnic Identity, Gender Roles, and Multicultural Training in College Counselors' Multicultural Counseling Competence: A Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Nath, Sanjay R.

    2011-01-01

    Increasing diversity on college campuses combined with economic globalization challenge colleges and universities to prepare their students to thrive in a diverse society. There are mixed effects from increasing diversity on campuses. Thus, providing multiculturally competent counseling is a necessary and indispensable prerequisite for college…

  1. STUDI ISLAM PENDEKATAN HERMENEUTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elok Noor Farida

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ISLAMIC STUDIES USING HERMENEUTICS APPRO- ACH. Al-Qur’an as the Islam’s holy book is a miracle that has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad as a guide for muslim’s life. As a Muslim, we necessarily have to understand exactly what the message of  the Quran. Al-Qur’an is not only readable even it is a worship, but more than that, how to implement the contents of  the Qur’an in everyday life. In understanding asbab al-nuzul certainly should understand that there are verses in the Qur’an. In addition, it should also understand various methods to understand the Qur’an, one of them is the hermeneutic approach. Hermeneutics as a method of reading the text has been widely recognized in various fields of  traditional Islamic scholarship, especially in the tradition of  fiqh and tafsir al-Qur’an. Meanwhile, modern hermeneutics in Islamic thought can basically be called a great leap in the formulation of  the methodology of  Islamic thought in general and methods of  interpretation of  the Kor’an in particular.Therefore, the approach of  hermeneutics in Islamic studies also need to be studied to add to the treasures of  knowledge and can provide new insights on how to understand the text and interpretation of the text that will be studied. keywords: Islamic Studies, Hermeneutics. Kitab Suci Al-Qur’an sebagai kitab suci agama Islam merupakan mukjizat yang telah diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad saw. sebagai pedoman umat Islam sepanjang hayat. Sebagai Muslim yang mempedomani tentu harus memahami betul apa pesan-pesan dalam Al-Qur’an.  Al-Qur’an  tidak  hanya  dibaca  meskipun  bernilai ibadah, akan tetapi lebih dari itu, bagaimana mengimplementasikan isi kandungan Al-Qur’an dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Dalam memahami tentu harus memahami asbabun nuzul ayat-ayat yang terdapat dalam Al-Qur’an. Di samping itu, juga harus memahami berbagai macam metode dalam memahami Al-Qur’an, di antaranya dengan pendekatan

  2. Diskursus Etika Bisnis Islam dalam Dinamika Bisnis Kontemporer

    OpenAIRE

    Ardi, Mulia

    2015-01-01

    Islamic business ethics are universal ideas that are relevant to the business world. The value that is contained in the Islamic business ethics in line with the needs of the conventional business value. Various problems faced by the contemporary business is basically caused by the lack of understanding of human identity. This ignorance leads to negative behavior of businesses in running a business. The essence of business is essentially the fulfllment of human needs. Duties and responsibiliti...

  3. Activity diversification and performance of Islamic banks in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    CHATTI, Mohamed Ali; KABLAN, Sandrine; YOUSFI, Ouidad

    2010-01-01

    The current paper analyzes the performance and the choice of portfolio in Islamic banks. We consider a sample of 8 Malaysian universal Islamic banks between 2004 and 2008. We use the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) as an indicator of the degree of diversification. The performance of the banks is measured by the return on assets ratio (ROA) and the Risk Adjusted Return On Capital ratio (RAROC). Finally, we use the Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) of Markowitz to define the efficient frontier and...

  4. Ethical relativism in a multicultural society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macklin, Ruth

    1998-03-01

    The multicultural composition of the United States can pose problems for physicians and patients who come from diverse backgrounds. Although respect for cultural diversity mandates tolerance of the beliefs and practices of others, in some situations excessive tolerance can produce harm to patients. Careful analysis is needed to determine which values are culturally relative and which rest on an underlying universal ethical principle. A conception of justice as equality challenges the notion that it is always necessary to respect all of the beliefs and practices of every cultural group.

  5. Islam and Media Representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Bensalah

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available For the author of this article, the media’s treatment of Islam has raised numerous polymorphous questions and debates. Reactivated by the great scares of current events, the issue, though an ancient one, calls many things into question. By way of introduction, the author tries to analyse the complex processes of elaboration and perception of the representations that have prevailed during the past century. In referring to the semantic decoding of the abundant colonial literature and iconography, the author strives to translate the extreme xenophobic tensions and the identity crystallisations associated with the current media orchestration of Islam, both in theWest and the East. He then evokes the excesses of the media that are found at the origin of many amalgams wisely maintained between Islam, Islamism and Islamic terrorism, underscoring their duplicity and their willingness to put themselves, consciously, in service to deceivers and directors of awareness, who are very active at the heart of the politico-media sphere. After levelling a severe accusation against the harmful drifts of the media, especially in times of crisis and war, the author concludes by asserting that these tools of communication, once they are freed of their masks and invective apparatuses, can be re-appropriated by new words and bya true communication between peoples and cultures.

  6. Sexuality and Islam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dialmy, Abdessamad

    2010-06-01

    This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts.

  7. Islamic approach in counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

    2014-02-01

    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.

  8. Islam and Political Violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John L Esposito

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The global threat of Al Qaeda post 9/11 and ISIL, increased Sunni-Shia conflicts, and violence in the Middle East and Pakistan dominate headlines and challenge governments in the region and globally. Both Muslim extremists and some Western experts and observers speak of a clash of civilizations or a culture war in Muslim-West relations. Both the discourse and violence yet again raise questions about the relationship of Islam to violence and terrorism: is Islam a particularly violent religion? Critics cite Quranic passages, doctrines like jihad and events in Muslim history as strong indicators and proof that Islam is the primary driver of Muslim extremism and terrorism. What do the Quran and Islamic law have to say about violence, jihad and warfare? What are the primary drivers of terrorism in the name of Islam today? This article will address these questions in the context of development of global jihadist movements, in particular Al Qaeda and ISIL, their roots, causes, ideology and agenda.

  9. The Multicultural Personality Questionnaire : A multidimensional instrument of multicultural effectiveness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Zee, KI; Van Oudenhoven, JP

    2000-01-01

    In today's global business environment, executive work is becoming more international in orientation. Several skills and traits may underlie executive success in an inter national environment. The Multicultural Personality Questionnaire was developed as a multidimensional instrument aimed at

  10. Confessional Peculiarity of Chinese Islam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukan, Nurzat M.; Bulekbayev, Sagadi B.; Kurmanaliyeva, Ainura D.; Abzhalov, Sultanmurat U.; Meirbayev, Bekzhan B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers features of Islam among Muslim peoples in China. Along with the traditional religions of China--Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism--Islam influenced noticeable impact on the formation of Chinese civilization. The followers of Islam have a significant impact on ethno-religious, political, economic and cultural relations of the…

  11. Perkembangan Psikologi Anak Dalampendidikan Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Bakar, Abu

    2011-01-01

    Islamic education psychology constitutes a sitem's Sub of psychology knowledge branch that is engaged process learning. Islamic education psychology actually constitute psychology study to day-to-day problem in Islamic education, one that develops principle, models, theory, procedure in learning and works through another issue issue that regard student interaction by learns through al Qur' an and Hadis Rasulullah

  12. PERKEMBANGAN PSIKOLOGI ANAK DALAMPENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Bakar

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education psychology constitutes a sitem's Sub of psychology knowledge branch that is engaged process learning. Islamic education psychology actually constitute psychology study to day-to-day problem in Islamic education, one that develops principle, models, theory, procedure in learning and works through another issue issue that regard student interaction by learns through al Qur' an and Hadis Rasulullah

  13. Islamic Education: History and Tendency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgendorf, Eric

    2003-01-01

    Examines the history and tendency of Islamic education, discussing how, after 1,000 years of intellectual leadership, the Islamic world has not retained its dominance, and examining the educational institutions that both spawned and doomed the Eastern intellectual revolution. The article addresses: the role of knowledge in Islam; emphasis on…

  14. Islam Politik dan Radikalisme: Tafsir Baru Kekerasan Aktivisme Islam Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Asghar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini berkesimpulan bahwa kekerasan aktivisme Islam politik lebih ditentukan pada kemampuan mengukur batas toleransi politik; watak represi negara dan aksesibilitas sistem politik. Batas toleransi politik menentukan sebuah gerakan perlu tidaknya mengambil jalan kekerasan sebagai saluran penentangan. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan integratif teori gerakan sosial, tulisan ini memberikan paradigma pilihan rasional untuk membaca kepentingan para aktor aktivisme Islam politik di Indonesia dalam memilih aksi kekerasan sebagai saluran penentangan. Akhirnya, kekerasan aktivisme Islam tidak semata-mata bersumber dari tradisi keagamaan. Simbol-simbol Islam yang melekat dalam aksi kekerasan aktivisme Islam merupakan strategi kerangka aksi (framing bukan sumber doktrinal dari tindakan kekerasan.

  15. Islam and the West

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Kamal Hassan

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The scientific and technological developments during the 18th and' the 19th centuries ensured material progress of the West, as well as emergence of the West as the dominating power which colonized the rest of the world. During the post-colonial phase, Islam emerged as a revitalized sociopolitical force. This has been mistaken as a threat by the West, and Islam has been portrayed as the "new enemy after the demise of communism. This is partly an effort to establish a Western identity, which is disintegrating due to lack of a challenge; and partly a reflection of the failure of Muslims to realize the social and ethical ideals of Islam.

  16. Islamic Education Research Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Muthalib

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper will discuss Islamic educational studies that is reviewing how to find, limit and define problems and problem-solving concepts. The central question of this paper is to describe how to solve the problem in Islamic educational research. A researcher or educator who has the knowledge, expertise, or special interest on education for example is usually having a sensitivity to issues relating to educational research. In the research dimension of religious education, there are three types of problems, namely: Problems foundation, structural problems and operational issues. In doing research in Islamic education someone should understand research problem, limiting and formulating the problem, how to solve the problem, other problem relating to the point of research, and research approach.

  17. Adab and its significance for an Islamic medical ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartell, Elizabeth; Padela, Aasim I

    2015-09-01

    Discussions of Islamic medical ethics tend to focus on Sharī'ah-based, or obligation-based, ethics. However, limiting Islamic medical ethics discourse to the derivation of religious duties ignores discussions about moulding an inner disposition that inclines towards adherence to the Sharī'ah. In classical Islamic intellectual thought, such writings are the concern of adab literature. In this paper, we call for a renewal of adabi discourse as part of Islamic medical ethics. We argue that adab complements Sharī'ah-based writings to generate a more holistic vision of Islamic medical ethics by supplementing an obligation-based approach with a virtue-based approach. While Sharī'ah-based medical ethics focuses primarily on the moral status of actions, adab literature adds to this genre by addressing the moral formation of the agent. By complementing Sharī'ah-based approaches with adab-focused writings, Islamic medical ethics discourse can describe the relationship between the agent and the action, within a moral universe informed by the Islamic intellectual tradition. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  18. Multicultural Education Through the Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehan, Patricia K.

    1986-01-01

    Afterschool and weekend activities to promote understanding and supplement a multicultural curriculum are suggested. Home activities include making musical instruments and puppets, while other suggestions involve visits to museums, city neighborhood festivals, and international restaurants. (MT)

  19. A STUDY ON MULTICULTURAL PERSONALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca-Diana POPESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to characterize the multicultural personality (behavior dimensions in the case of two groups of students in order to identify ways for their multicultural skills development. The research sample allowed the results comparison between a witness group consists of Romanian students from the second year of study in engineering (educational program developed in Romanian language, 70 students and an experimental group of students of different cultures, from the second year of study in the same engineering specialization (educational program developed in English language, 68 students. The research tool used was the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire (MPQ.The behaviors dimensions considered and analyzedwere: cultural empathy, open-mindedness, social initiative, emotional stability and flexibility. The findings have underlined that members of the experimental group have high level of multicultural skills and also, their educational performances (shown by their partial transcript of records for the first and second year of study are higher than for the witness group

  20. Multicultural education and its politics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lynette

    brated due to the (Apartheid) hegemonic ruling. He therefore chose to .... race, culture, and other implied terms, which are related to the concept of multicultural ..... Briefly explain the possibilities and problems of each dimension within the ...

  1. KONSELING ISLAMI MELALUI PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN SEKSUAL DALAM ISLAM PADA REMAJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugianto Sugianto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini memberikan informasi yang tepat tentang kondisi kebutuhan remaja yang sesuai dengan tugas perkembangannya yaitu: mengenal fungsi perbedaan jenis kelamin, organ reproduksi dan persiapan pernikahan agar dapat mengenali fungsi anatomi tubuh sesuai dengan nilai-nilai Islam, misalnya tentang kesehatan seksual dalam Islam. Meskipun data yang ditemukan terdapat beragam problematika remaja tentang seksual,  sehingga dibutuhkan profesi konseling  Islami untuk membantu remaja tumbuh kembang secara optimal dalam berprestasi dibidang kognitif-afektif-psikomotorik.  Kemampuan kognitif dengan diupayakannya  pengayaan pengetahuan tentang alam semesta beserta fenomena alam, kemampuan  afektif dengan trampilnya mengolah dan mengendalikan emosi ke arah positif  kepada sesama makhluk hidup,  sedangkan kemampuan psikomotorik dengan adaptifnya manusia dalam bersikap ketika berinteraksi di lingkungan dengan keragaman budaya Bhineka Tunggal Ika. Dengan berdasar pada nilai-nilai pendidikan Islam maka manusia dapat mengoptimalkan 3 daya dengan berdasarkan pada al-Qur’an yang memberikan keselamatan  dan kebahagiaan  pada remaja untuk memahami kesehatan seksual dalam Islam. Kata Kunci: Konseling Islam, Pendidikan  Seksual, Pemuda THROUGH THE ISLAMIC COUNSELLING SEXUAL HEALTH EDUCATION IN ISLAM IN ADOLESCENT. This paper provides precise information  about the conditions in accordance with the needs of adolescent development tasks are: to know the function of gender, reproductive organs and wedding preparations in order to identify the function of anatomy of the body in accordance with Islamic values, example about sexual health in Islam. Although the data were found to contain a variety of sexual problems of adolescence, so it needs the counseling profession Islamic to help teens grow and develop optimally in achievement in the field of cognitive-affective-psychomotor. Cognitive abilities with the enrichment begun all the knowledge of the universe

  2. Islamic law of tort

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamad, Abdul Basir Bin

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to discover cases and principles governing tort in Islamic law. The study is divided into six chapters, an introduction and a conclusion. The Introduction contains the explanation of the general characteristic of crime and tort, the scope, the importance of the study, methodology and the relevant literature of the thesis. Chapter one defines Western and Islamic law of tort, the existence of tort in Islām, some similar concepts between Western and Islām on the law o...

  3. Lessing und der Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Muslim, Zahim Mohammed

    2010-01-01

    „Lessing und der Islam“ beschäftigt sich unparteiisch mit Lessings Auseinandersetzung mit dem Islam. Die Arbeit setzt sich das Ziel, den Leser und den Literaturkennern sowie der deutschen Bibliothek der Germanistik etwas von Lessings Auseinandersetzung mit dem Islam in die Hand zu geben, die bis heute als großes Modell für die interkulturelle und interreligiöse Menschheitstoleranzdebatte im Gedächtnis der deutschen Literatur vorhanden ist. Im ersten Teil widmet sich die vorliegende Arbeit de...

  4. Islamic Mathematical Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montelle, Clemency

    A short survey on Islamic mathematical astronomy practiced during the period running from the eight century until the fifteenth is presented. Various pertinent themes, such as the translation of foreign scientific works and their impact on the tradition; the introduction, assimilation, and critique of the Ptolemaic model; and the role of observations, will be covered. In addition, the zīj, the dominant format for astronomical works, will be briefly explained as well as the legacy of the Islamic tradition of astral sciences to other cultures.

  5. Infrastructuring Multicultural Healthcare Information Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dreessen, Katrien; Huybrechts, Liesbeth; Grönvall, Erik

    2017-01-01

    This paper stresses the need for more research in the field of Participatory Design (PD) and in particular into how to design Health Information Technology (HIT) together with care providers and -receivers in multicultural settings. We contribute to this research by describing a case study...... of this study, we point to the need and the ways of taking spatio-historical aspects of a specific healthcare situation into account in the PD of HIT to support multicultural perspectives on healthcare....

  6. DISKURSUS ISLAM DALAM KONSTRUKSI MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fahmi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine how the secular media in Surakarta represent Islam in the case of Charlie Hebdo. Therefore, this study used discourse analysis of Theo van Leeuwen focusing on how the subject or actor of the show in the media. This study concluded that the media represent Islam not only with “Western ideology” through idioms such as radical Islamist militants and terrorists, but also with "Islamic ideology". It is done through the construction of Islam as a religion of moderation and delegitimize Charlie Hebdo as magazine satyr abusing freedom. Various strategies are used ranging from strategy passivation to interdetermination. In this case, there are two poles of attraction in both media, namely the Western and Islamic ideology. If both media are quoting from Western sources, the Western ideology dominates the media narrative. Conversely, when both media used Islamic sources, the influence of Islamic ideology dominates the narrative of both media.

  7. AKULTURASI ISLAM DENGAN BUDAYA LOKAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Sriyanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, especially in Java, it is difficult to flnd pure and original actualization of Islam. This condition is influenced by the Javanese and Hinduism traditions which had been tightly held by the society before the arrival of Islam. These traditions really influence the spread of Islam. Da’wa cultural approaches which were applied by Da ’i greatly influences the existence of Islam at this time. Without dismissing or changing the social culture, Islamic values are inserted to them and people can easily accept Islam. However, there is a negative effect of this model, which causes the occurrence of sincretism between a religion, in this case, Islam and local culture.

  8. EMMA: Towards multicultural learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Kerr

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Interest on the part of European Institutions to explore the potential of MOOCs for providing the kind of inclusive and multicultural education that was needed for 21st century learners was confirmed by funding of projects such as EMMA (http://www.europeanmoocs.eu. The definition of “European” for the EMMA consortium was based on diversity - of culture, language and approach - and integration of the same. This paper looks at how EMMA is responding to the challenge of embracing diversity and integration in the same technological artefact through the use of embedded translation services, and an experimental PLE. We will also introduce the ad hoc evaluation services that are designed to test the impact of the EMMA concept.

  9. The levels of the reason in Islam: An answer to the critique of the Islamic reason of Arkoun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halilović Seid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mohammed Arkoun, who was the professor of Islamic Studies at the New Sorbonne University for many years, can be considered one of the most influential reformist thinkers of the contemporary Islamic world. In the light of his most fundamental views about the critique of the Islamic reason, he brought about many changes in the methodology of understanding of intellectual and cultural inheritance of Islam in most expert circles in the West and throughout the Islamic world. He writes in detail about this and says that the epistemological foundations and traditional analytical tools of Islam lack any kind of value today. From his epistemological standpoint, modern man, he says, sees them to be irrational. He emphasizes that traditional Muslim theologians and jurisprudents have erroneously been teaching that the Islamic reason is an absolute reason and that it is not connected to any historical contexts. In the same vein, he attempts to prove that the reason (that the Qur'an mentions is simply a practical and empirical reason. In this article, by using the philosophical analytical method, we will examine the content of some of the most important works of Arkoun. In those, he has explained in detail his critique of the Islamic reason. While answering his criticism, we will explain that the Qur'an and the totality of the Islamic scientific inheritance gives cosmological value to the different levels of the reason and that it does not in any manner reduce truth and knowledge at the level of instrumental and empirical reason. We will talk about 11 types of reasons that have been mentioned in Islam. These are the following: conceptual reason, theoretical reason, practical reason, metaphysical reason, common sense, universal reason, particular reason, empirical reason, instrumental reason, intuitive reason and sacred reason. In contrast to Arkoun, who considers Western thought to be the standard by means of which one must reconstruct the Islamic reason, we

  10. Islam and Politics: the Case of the Islamic State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shokri Mehdi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses the fundamental relation between the Islamic-political movements and establishment of the Islamic law (Shari’a. I argue against the critiques of western foreign policy and show that the Islamic State (Caliphate is both a result of the historical process of the people of a region and the extreme interpretation of the text and Sunna which emphasizes on the traditional Sharia law and the concept of Jihad by fortifying political Islam qua militant Islam. I argue that the Islamic revival aims to a certain political order which threatens the world security and peace. Moreover, I argue that the structural violation of Human Rights is rooted in the traditional concept of Islamic law or Sharia, which obtains its immunity by an illegitimate power. This traditional Islamic law is the inalienable character of authoritarian/totalitarian regimes. This paper is based on the assumption that the extreme ideological/theoretical interpretation implies the empirical objectives of Militant Islamic community with or without any external influential elements. In this sense, we can address the question: how different interpretations and traditions in executing the Islamic Sharia give the social and political grounds a seed for the emergence of violence and terrorism. At the end, this paper ends with a propose which emphasizes on the role of international cooperation to find a resolution and also on the education as a long-term plan to defeat extremism and terrorism.

  11. The Islamic State unfiltered

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gloerich, Inte; Rowson, Rose; Cachia, Rebecca; Clandillon, Susan; Kolopaking, Cristel

    Instagram has become an unsuspecting pulpit ­– seemingly caught off guard – for those determined to spread a militant message of Islamic State terror. Graphic, fanatical and oftentimes heavily photoshopped images weave through Instagram’s labyrinth of sunset snaps and gym selfies to advance a

  12. Early Islamic Syria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walmsley, Alan George

    This book presents a new interpretation of social and economic developments in Syria-Palestine in the decades before and during the two centuries after the Islamic expansion into the region (roughly the later 6th to the early 9th century AD). Drawing on a wide range of evidence from recent...

  13. Islamic Rulings on Warfare

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aboul-Enein, Youssef

    2004-01-01

    The United States no doubt will be involved in the Middle East for many decades. To be sure, settling the Israeli-Palestinian dispute or alleviating poverty could help to stem the tides of Islamic radicalism and anti-American sentiment...

  14. Bitcoin and Islamic Finance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.

    2014-01-01

    It is argued that a Bitcoin-style money-like informational commodity may constitute an effective instrument for the further development of Islamic Finance. The argument involves the following elements: (i) an application of circulation theory to Bitcoin with the objective to establish the

  15. The Islamic State Unfiltered

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gloerich, I.; Kolopaking, C.; Cachia, R.; Rowson, R.; Clandillon, Susan

    Instagram has become an unsuspecting pulpit ­– seemingly caught off guard – for those determined to spread a militant message of Islamic State terror. Graphic, fanatical and oftentimes heavily photoshopped images weave through Instagram’s labyrinth of sunset snaps and gym selfies to advance a

  16. Navigating Difference through Multicultural Service Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquesi, Kira

    2013-01-01

    This chapter explores the design and implementation of service learning as a multicultural initiative. The author shares considerations for multicultural service-learning practice using an example from a course project focused on leadership skill development in public service.

  17. Islam in the Western Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashy Quraishy

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Setelah serangan 11 September 2001 atas gedung World Trade Center, AS, kata Islam mejadi topik aktual dalam berbagai media barat, yang disandingkan dengan istilah-istilah terorisme, fundamentalisme, vadalisme, dan kata-kata berkonotasi buruk lainnya. Media barat, bahkan telah mengonstruksi persepsi tentang pertentangan Islam dan Barat dengan Amerika sebagai pemimpinnya. Sejak itu, secara perlahan tapi pasti, media barat memberitakan dunia Islam dalam gambaran begitu buruk: gambar-gambar para demonstran Pakistan, wanita yang ditangannya Quran dan pedang, film-film yang bertendensi anti-Islam. Ditayangkan berulangulang, terus-menerus, tiap hari. Upaya merendahkan Islam, bukan sekadar dalam ungkapan implisit, atau lewat gambar-gambar buruk, tapijuga sudah pada tingkat terang-terangan yang begitu eksplisit, seperti ungkapan: peradaban Islam lebih rendah daripada Kristen, orang Islam tidak beradab atau barbar, mengatasi terorisme Islam harus melalui pembaratan. Media barat menjadi kehilangan objektiviitas. Liputan tentang Islam, sebagian besar sekadar berita atau opini negatif; terjadi distorsi begitujauh. Media mengingkari kenyataan bahwa sesungguhnya Islam bukan hanya di anut oleh bangsa Timur Tengah, tapi juga oleh banyak ras dan bangsa lain, termasuk sebagian masyarakat barat. Pada kehdiuan sosial, akibatnya, para muslim minoritas di barat, sering diperlakukan tidak adil. Terdapat diskriminasi untuk nonEropa dan non-Kristen, khususnya Islam. Citra buruk tentang Islam di media barat. memang berlangsung jauh sebelum peristiwa II September. Ketika Uni Soviet bubar, Amerika dan sekutunya kehilangan musuh nomor satu; permusuhan itu kemudian diarahkan kepada Islam, yang dipandang sebagai ancaman. Untuk membangunjurnalisme barat yang objektif" maka media barat perllu membangun sikap terbuka dan mengakui kenyataan bahwa masyarakat itu, bahkan di negaranya sendiri, plural.

  18. Studi Korelasi Motivasi Pengguna Dengan Pemanfaatan Koleksi CD-ROM Di UPT Pusat Perpustakaan UII Yogyakarta (Study on Correlation Between The Motivation of Users and The Use of CD-ROM Collection At The Main Library of Indonesia Islamic University of Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keni Hesti Handayani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research addresses three main issues: student motivation of Indonesia Islamic University of Yogyakarta, the use of CD-ROM collection at the main library of Indonesia Islamic University of Yogyakarta, and the correlation between student motivation and the use of CD-ROM collection at the library. The study uses a field research. The sample is accidental sampling which involves students using the collection of CD-ROM at the library. In the term of data collection, the writer uses some techniques those of which are documentation, observation, interview and questionnaire. The result of the research shows that, there are correlation between the motivation and the use of CD-ROM collection at the main library of Indonesia Islamic University of Yogyakarta. The research is hoped to contribute to the improvement of services of CD-ROM collection at library in particular and to the development of through collection at the library. Keyword: user motivation, the use of CD-ROM collection

  19. MOSQUE ARCHITECTURE AS A SUSTAINABLE BUILDING IN URBAN (Case Study: Al Markas Al Islamic Mosque Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imriyanti Imriyanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Mosque Architecture is a part of Islamic architecture. Mosque should be fused with elements of nature because its function as a place to pray to God who created the universe. Al Markas Al Islamic Makassar mosque is used as a center of Islamic aspirations of the people and the government to accommodate all the activities of moslems in Makassar. Through this function, the provision of Al Markas Al Islamic mosque began from the desire of Islamic societies in Makassar, which wants the Islamic center to be equipped with facilities and infrastructure as well as architectural, monumental buildings and structures that can be last for hundreds of years (continuous, blend with the environment, and also can be used by the public. Having regard to the function of a mosque especially at the Al Markas Al Islamic Makassar mosque, then the problem that arise is how the Al Markas Al Islamic mosque can be survived/sustainable  in order  to function  as a place  of worship  and  as a center  of Islam.  This research  is a descriptive qualitative research that is trying to generate data in the form of systematic and accurate picture of the object of study. The sustaiprophetlity  of Al Markas AL Islamic mosque can be known through the concept of Islam  in accordance with the view of Islam as well as the sustaiprophetlity of the buildings that seen in the spatial pattern of the mosque, appearance, natural lighting, natural ventilation, and user behavior of the mosque. Keywords: mosque architecture, sustaiprophetlity, view of Islam     Abstrak Arsitektur masjid merupakan bagian dari arsitektur Islam. Bangunan masjid sebaiknya dapat menyatu dengan unsur alam karena masjid difungsikan sebagai wadah dalam bersujud/sembahyang  kepada Allah SWT yang menciptakan alam semesta ini. Masjid Al Markas Al Islamic Makassar merupakan kompleks kegiatan Islam yang digunakan sebagai pusat aspirasi masyarakat  dan pemerintahan  yang dapat menampung

  20. Common principles and multiculturalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahedi, Farzaneh; Larijani, Bagher

    2009-01-01

    Judgment on rightness and wrongness of beliefs and behaviors is a main issue in bioethics. Over centuries, big philosophers and ethicists have been discussing the suitable tools to determine which act is morally sound and which one is not. Emerging the contemporary bioethics in the West has resulted in a misconception that absolute westernized principles would be appropriate tools for ethical decision making in different cultures. We will discuss this issue by introducing a clinical case. Considering various cultural beliefs around the world, though it is not logical to consider all of them ethically acceptable, we can gather on some general fundamental principles instead of going to the extremes of relativism and absolutism. Islamic teachings, according to the presented evidence in this paper, fall in with this idea.

  1. Common Principles and Multiculturalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahedi, Farzaneh; Larijani, Bagher

    2009-01-01

    Judgment on rightness and wrongness of beliefs and behaviors is a main issue in bioethics. Over centuries, big philosophers and ethicists have been discussing the suitable tools to determine which act is morally sound and which one is not. Emerging the contemporary bioethics in the West has resulted in a misconception that absolute westernized principles would be appropriate tools for ethical decision making in different cultures. We will discuss this issue by introducing a clinical case. Considering various cultural beliefs around the world, though it is not logical to consider all of them ethically acceptable, we can gather on some general fundamental principles instead of going to the extremes of relativism and absolutism. Islamic teachings, according to the presented evidence in this paper, fall in with this idea. PMID:23908720

  2. Multicultural Education: Teachers' Perceptions and Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alismail, Halah Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on theory and practice in multicultural education as it pertains to the preparation of preservice teachers. The literature reviews the history and definition of multiculturalism and investigates multiple theoretical frameworks around the ongoing debate and issues of multicultural education. Teachers' perceptions of multicultural…

  3. The Etiology of Conflict in Multicultural Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, Marquita L.

    This paper focuses on the common sources of etiologies of conflict in multicultural contexts. Multicultural communication is the creation and sharing of meaning among citizens of the same geopolitical system who belong to divergent tributary cultures. The sources of conflict in multicultural relations can be grouped into five broad categories.…

  4. Marriage Counselling in Multicultural Society, Nigerian Experience ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper discusses marriage counselling in Multicultural society: Nigerian experience. The researcher sees Multicultural Counselling as a helping relationship, which involves two or more persons with different culture, beliefs and environment. The paper discusses how multicultural counselling can be applied in marriage ...

  5. Multicultural Approaches in Psychotherapy: A Rejoinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Jesse; Leach, Mark M.; Wampold, Bruce; Rodolfa, Emil

    2011-01-01

    In this rejoinder, the authors address several issues raised by R. L. Worthington and F. R. Dillon (2011) and C. R. Ridley and M. Shaw-Ridley (2011) regarding (a) the measurement of multicultural competencies (MCCs), (b) sampling considerations in multicultural research, and (c) the conceptual frame of multicultural psychotherapy research. The…

  6. Stereotyping Chinese in Multicultural Art Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Patricia Yuen-Wan

    This paper examines the ways in which multicultural art education, the curriculum of "Multiculturalism Canada" and a renowned instructional text lack indigenous consideration and ignore alternative concepts of scholarship of art history. Although multicultural education is considered important in Canada, the paper contends that there are…

  7. Multicultural Literature as a Classroom Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, Sandra L.

    2018-01-01

    Multicultural literature can be found all across classrooms in the United States. I argue it is more important what you do with the literature than just having it in the classroom. Multicultural literature should be seen as a tool. In this article, I will share how I used multicultural literature as a tool to (a) promote or develop an appreciation…

  8. Epistemologi Pendidikan Islam: Melacak Metodologi Pengetahuan Perguruan Tinggi Islam Klasik

    OpenAIRE

    Hery, Musnur

    2008-01-01

    Islamic higher college not only limited to higher education that famous at Islamic history like madrasah (e.g. Nizamiyah), and al-Jami'ah (e.g. al-Azhar). Yet, Islamic higher college is the implementation of learning process that can be categorized in higher education stage, that being practiced in Moslem society, even still in non-formal or informal form before madrasah existence. Several epistemologies branch indeed take place at formal institution, while some epistemologies branch theoreti...

  9. Epistemologi Pendidikan Islam: Melacak Metodologi Pengetahuan Perguruan Tinggi Islam Klasik

    OpenAIRE

    Hery, Musnur

    2015-01-01

    Islamic higher college not only limited to higher education that famous at Islamic history like madrasah (e.g. Nizamiyah), and al-Jami’ah (e.g. al-Azhar). Yet, Islamic higher college is the implementation of learning process that can be categorized in higher education stage, that being practiced in Moslem society, even still in non-formal or informal form before madrasah existence. Several epistemologies branch indeed take place at formal institution, while some epistemologies branch theoreti...

  10. NILAI-NILAI TOLERANSI ISLAM DI NEGARA KEBANGSAAN INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF AKSIOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jirzanah Jirzanah

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Islamic values are expected to be a barrier to excessive nationalistic. Analysis on Islamic values and tolerance from the point of view of axiology is important, because Islam is not just giving nature a noble and religious attitudes, but also respect for moral rules and actions. Axiological analysis is done by placing the basic Islamic values, moral norms and principles of the nation state in an universal hierarchy values. The purpose of this article is to formulate a reflective relevance of Islamic values and tolerance for the development of the nation state. The basic values of Islamic law according to the Quran is a religious and humanity values particularly noble mind. The law of God is a source of values to humanity values and the state of moral principles. Humanity values especially nobility mind formed the basic of freedom of thought and will. Nobility mind basic to foster unity, cooperation, freedom, democracy, and justice. Islamic teachings of tolerance are very relevant to the Indonesian nation state principle. Islam teaches religious nature and noble attitude, the attitude of respect for moral rules and actions. Tolerant teachings of Islam comes from religious values and universal humanities, so do not know the theory, attitudes, and practices that are based on violence and coercion in the field of divinity, politics, and economics.

  11. Crisis of Identity in a Multi-cultural Society: The Case of Muslims in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Serajul Islam

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available A great majority of studies on ethnic identity or ethnic separatism indicate that a minority group dealing with severe deprivation becomes more frustrated, more aggressive, and more demanding of autonomy or separation. However, in a multi-cultural society where the people can live with their both separate and co-existing identities, the minority group usually demands for greater rights within societies, not an exit from them. This is the case of the Muslims in Canada who constitute a tiny minority in the Canadian population. Since Canada is a multicultural country, the Muslims have not demanded any kind of autonomy but have demanded rights to preserve Islamic values, and their own distinct identity as Muslims. In this article some basic questions are raised regarding the Canadian Muslims. When and how did the Muslims arrive in Canada? What types of challenges they are facing? How do they meet these challenges? What is the future of Muslims in Canada?

  12. KEDUDUKAN HUKUM ISLAM DALAM SISTEM HUKUM INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Khoirul Huda

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available State protects religion, adherent religion, even put tenets and the law profess Islamic in life be of noble birth and stateless. Islamic law is based on the teaching of Islamic and if judging by the terms of the materials it Islamic include the law of worship and law of muamalat. It Characterizes the law Islamic that is sourced from Islamic relating to the priest, and belief have two term shariah and fiqh.

  13. Islamic factor in contemporary Russia

    OpenAIRE

    N. M. Shalenna

    2014-01-01

    Russian Federation, a Eurasian multinational state, has a significant number of indigenous Muslim population (about 10%) that continues to increase not only due to natural growth and conversion of non-Muslims to Islam, but also as a result of intensive immigration from the Central Asian countries and Azerbaijan. Islamic factor significantly predetermined policy of Russia during its historical development. The importance of Islam in contemporary political life has been underlined by many gover...

  14. Making sense of Islamic creationism in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hameed, Salman

    2015-05-01

    Islamic creationism has been noted as a serious concern in Europe. There have been reports of boycotts of university evolution lectures and, in one extreme case, even a threat of violence. While religious objections are indeed at play in some cases, our understanding of the rise of Islamic creationism should also take into account socioeconomic disparities and its impact on education for Muslim minorities in Europe. Furthermore, the broader narrative of rejection of evolution in Europe, for some Muslims, may be bound up in reactions to the secular culture and in the formation of their own minority religious identity. On the other hand, the stories of Muslim rejection of evolution in media end up reinforcing the stereotype of Muslims as "outsiders" and a threat to the European education system. A nuanced understanding of this dynamic may benefit those who support both the propagation of good science and favor cultural pluralism. © The Author(s) 2014.

  15. Islamic Architecture and Arch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Mahbubur Rahman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The arch, an essential architectural element since the early civilizations, permitted the construction of lighter walls and vaults, often covering a large span. Visually it was an important decorative feature that was trans-mitted from architectural decoration to other forms of art worldwide. In early Islamic period, Muslims were receiving from many civilizations, which they improved and re-introduced to bring about the Renaissance. Arches appeared in Mesopotamia, Indus, Egyptian, Babylonian, Greek and Assyrian civilizations; but the Romans applied the technique to a wide range of structures. The Muslims mastered the use and design of the arch, employed for structural and functional purposes, progressively meeting decorative and symbolic pur-poses. Islamic architecture is characterized by arches employed in all types of buildings; most common uses being in arcades. This paper discusses the process of assimilation and charts how they contributed to other civilizations.

  16. The Theory and Practice of Islamism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Анна Александровна Петрухина

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of a general characteristic of political Islam which has got now the big popularity as Islamism. In Islamism the concept jihad as the political slogan and the military-political practice is widely used by the Islamic extremist organizations in Islamic regions. In the article is considered the theoretical heritage of Islamic extremism in the history of political thought. Three waves of Islamism are analyzed: their reasons of occurrence, motive forces and methods of achievement of the purposes. The phenomenon of Islamism is considered as the practical activities which are carried out at local, national, regional, global levels.

  17. DAKWAH ISLAM DAN RADIKALISME AGAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Isfironi M. Bisri Djalil

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A thing closely related to bustle the life of the religious contemporary is radicalism phenomenon. The question is: Does Islam teach radicalism? The answer of this question always problematic. It is caused by every religion (either Islam or the other viewed as an acceptance that granted as a divinity instrument that teaches everything in goodness. Islam is a religion that provide of security, comfort, calmness as more strengthening for all its adherents. In Indonesia, radical Islamic groups often associated with groups like company of Salafy (Bandung, Islamic Youth Front (FPIS, Islamic Defender Front (FPI, Jihad’s Troop of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, The Tribunal of Indonesian Mujahidin, Hizbut Tahrir of Indonesia. The movement of Islam in Indonesia cannot be viewed as a monolithic movement or uniform in the same of political interest. That moment, political global movement has variation in the perspective, motive, strategy and action. One thing that same as the source of radicalism is the definition of the concept of jihad. Eventually, the construction of jihad affects the Islamic propaganda (dakwah ideology and movement. Ideally the realization of the concept of Jihad is not led to radicalism. If indeed reflect to the era of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh, then it must be conceived with the conditions encountered at that time.   Key Words: Islamic Propaganda, Jihad, Radicalism

  18. National identity in multicultural environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Öbrink Hobzová

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In today's globalized world, it is important to find a relationship to our own culture as well as to the other cultures which we encounter due to migration. This goal should be met in multicultural education. As a result of the so-called migration crisis, effectiveness of multicultural education was discussed on social networks and in media. At the same time, national interests and security began to appear in the programmes of political parties. It seems that, due to the fear of refugees, national identity started becoming more important. The situation is reflected in the research presented below. It aimed to determine whether there was a link between the sense of national identity and attitudes to foreigners. The investigation was carried out in 2015 on a sample of 245 respondents. The results showed that the growing sense of national identity deepened the negative attitude to foreigners. It is necessary to work with this fact in multicultural education at schools.

  19. Dinamika Dan Tantangan Masyarakat Islam Di Era Modernisasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Makhmudah

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available As believed by many experts, that this world without exception is experiencing the grand process of modernization. According to Islamic teachings, the change is part of the laws and is one of human nature and the universe as a whole. Then an ordinary, if human, community groups and environmental changes. Considering the various problems-problems islam over both intetern and externally we can understand and learn, so that we can respond and seek bagaiamana way we tackle the problem of islam is to be free of things that are not desirable towards the creation of propaganda Islamiyah is good and right that blessed by Allah.These modern times to give an intellectual basis for reform in various fields, including in the field of religion. In Arabic, the update is known by the name Tajdid. As in the term, Tajdid formulated as efforts and activities to transform the lives of the people of the state of ongoing islamdari to the state to be embodied for the sake of welfare efforts, both globally and in the hereafter , at desired by Islam. Said renewal of Islam has the meaning of "modernization", ie the teachings of Islam that is relative and open to change and update.

  20. Developing a comprehensive scale to assess college multicultural programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallinckrodt, Brent; Miles, Joseph R; Bhaskar, Tripti; Chery, Nicole; Choi, Gahee; Sung, Mi-Ra

    2014-01-01

    A barrier to assessing effectiveness of multicultural programming is lack of a relatively brief instrument to measure the wide range of intended outcomes. A frequent goal of programming is to increase cultural empathy, but this is rarely the only intended outcome. We conducted focus groups of campus administrators, student affairs staff, and undergraduate instructors who identified a full range of racial/ethnic multicultural competencies that undergraduates should possess. An 84-item pool generated from these focus groups was combined with the 31-item Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy (SEE; Wang et al., 2003). These 115 items, together with instruments used to gauge concurrent validity, were administered to White undergraduate students in introductory psychology courses at the midpoint (n = 602) and end (n = 676) of fall semester. Exploratory factor analysis suggested 6 subscales for the Everyday Multicultural Competencies/Revised SEE (EMC/RSEE): (a) Cultural Openness and Desire to Learn; (b) Resentment and Cultural Dominance; (c) Anxiety and Lack of Multicultural Self-Efficacy; (d) Empathic Perspective-Taking; (e) Awareness of Contemporary Racism and Privilege; and (f) Empathic Feeling and Acting as an Ally. Item response theory principles guided final selection of subscale items. Analyses suggested good factor stability, reliability, and discriminant validity of the 48-item EMC/RSEE in these undergraduate samples. EMC/RSEE subscales were not strongly correlated with a measure of impression management and were significantly associated with measures of Openness to Diversity Challenge, and Universal-Diverse Orientation. (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  1. Knowledge sharing in a multicultural environment: challenges and opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luyanda Dube

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article underscores the process of knowledge sharing in a multicultural organisational environment. Generally,multiculturalism emanates from being influenced by different contexts that provide the potential for human diversity. Itresults in disparate behavioural patterns and bodies of knowledge which lead to variance in terms of racial, sexual, ageand cultural orientations. The process of sharing knowledge is complex and is susceptible to multicultural variances.Considering that knowledge sharing processes and probable multicultural influences are contextual, the purpose of thearticle is to establish the extent of knowledge flows in the Department of Information Science at the University of SouthAfrica. In particular the article seeks to give an overall view on how knowledge is shared across intergenerational, culturaland interracial lines in the Department. The qualitative approach was considered appropriate for this study because itfocuses on observing events from the perspectives of those who are involved and is aimed at understanding the attitude,behaviour and opinions of those individuals (Powell & Connaway 2004. A basic interpretive qualitative research designwas used for this study. Data was collected through interviews and document analysis. The data were inductively analysedand the findings are presented and discussed using references to the literature that informed the study.

  2. [Islam and caring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadir, Sihem

    2015-10-01

    There are more and more followers of the Muslim religion in France. All caregivers need to understand the fundamental principles that their Muslim patients hold sacred in the area of health and care. For Muslims, it is of utmost importance to observe the fundamentals of Islam and the values of brotherhood, tolerance, fairness and truth are essential. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. SOCIAL EVOLUTION IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Muhammad Bhat

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Sociology is a systematic study of human relations at social Level. It is a vast concept used to determine the relation of human beings at individual and community level. It includes social interaction accommodation and progress at reasonable levels. Sociologists examine the ways in which social structures and institutions such as class, family, community, power and social problems influence society are dealt with. The evolutionary trend at every step of life helps to accept all changes necessary for human development and prosperity on ethical grounds. The study of society was long known with broad evolutionary reconstructions of historical change in societies. It is a synthesizing field that attempted to integrate the findings acquired from other social sciences. Islam has unique social system and believes in progressive change and help to develop society from nomadic life to international affairs. This change has been possible through many ways for which different terms like Tashakur, Tashkeer, Tafakur etc. were used in Islamic history which are derived from the Quran. An attempt has been made to high light these terms and their impact upon Islamic social evolutionary thought and is explained according to the true nature of evolutionary change and social development.

  4. Islam og Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønd, Thomas Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    This article deals with the ways in which Islam is put to use by the Syrian regime and its opposition in the Syrian Uprising. By applying anthropological theory about politics of immediation and political theory about ideologies to a specific case – namely bombings in Kafer Suseh in Damascus in D...... as the one in the case are mediated. On a fundamental level, the case and its analysis indicates how politics of immediation and ideology intertwine in battles over Islam and its future role in Syria.......This article deals with the ways in which Islam is put to use by the Syrian regime and its opposition in the Syrian Uprising. By applying anthropological theory about politics of immediation and political theory about ideologies to a specific case – namely bombings in Kafer Suseh in Damascus...... in December 2011 – the article illustrates how horrific images in the conflict are mediated as part of distinctive political projects. The article traces the work of anti-regime activists on the Internet and on TV as well as that of pro-regime representatives in order to understand the peculiar scapegoating...

  5. Moderate Secularism and Multicultural Equality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2008-01-01

    Tariq Modood argues that European states are only ‘moderately secular' and that this kind of secularism is compatible with public accommodation of religious groups and provides a model of Muslim integration appropriate for European states. Although attention to the fact of moderate secularism...... provides a response to a prominent argument against multicultural accommodation of religious minorities, what is really at stake in discussions of multiculturalism and secularism are political principles. Modood's case for accommodation of Muslims along the lines of moderate secularism presupposes...

  6. Brazilian Folk Art as a possibility of multicultural teaching of the visual arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Cristina Figueira Bastos de Melo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article establishes an overview of the relationship between culture and the teaching of Art in Brazil, reflecting about multiculturalism in the teaching of Visual Arts through Folk Art. It is based on a literature review, analysis of works of art and their relation to multicultural issues. The study highlights the importance of Folk Art as a source of multicultural studies, as well as the need to deal with these issues within the school environment. There has not been much discussion about the topic, especially regarding Folk Art. The research concludes that it is possible to teach multicultural Art through an approach of the Folk Art, as it enables a better approximation to the learners’ universe and contribute for the development of their critical, reflexive and esthetic abilities.

  7. Introduction to "Islam in China/China in Islam"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew S. Erie

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Rather than China versus Islam, the overarching theme of this special issue is “Islam in China/China in Islam.” In thinking through “Islam in China,” we argue that the relationship between China and Islam is not one of opposition, but rather one of cultural, linguistic, and economic imbrication. Indeed, it is difficult to describe Islam and China as two separate or essentialized entities. For some Muslim minorities in certain regions of China, there is no distinction between neo-Confucianism and Islam or between the nation-state and the global umma (community of Muslims. Through intellectual labor, modes of prayer and worship, art, calligraphy, architecture, cuisine, linguistic creoles, and legal pluralism, these Muslims embody multiple cultural referents. For other Muslim minorities in other regions in China, political and economic circumstances present challenges to living in accordance with Islam while also being a citizen of the PRC. In other words, the Muslim experience in China encompasses a complex mosaic of accommodation, adjustment, preservation, and, at times, resistance. Thus, generalizations about this incredibly diverse population are unhelpful, and careful attention must be paid to history, politics, and place...

  8. TEORI KONFLIK DALAM PERSFEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM: INTERKONEKSI ISLAM DAN SOSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayat

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Religion as an ideology in society is believed to allow it to become a paradigm as a solution to conflicts. Islam is a rahmat li al-ālamīn religion in the life of mankind with conflicts settlement construction in the community as connectivity with customary law (ethics, moral values, character, and culture and state laws that in fact emerged from the discourse of Islamic law. Religion becomes a balancing of social conflicts that arise from a variety of indicators, because Islam is a legal consensus that includes a variety of conditions and situations of society. Therefore, Islam as a principle regulator of human order become a theory of conflict resolution in the minds of some scientists that suggests an existence of Islam in it

  9. SHARJAH’S ISLAMIC URBAN IDENTITY AND THE LIVING CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed El-Amrousi, John Biln

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Prominently placed amidst open gardens and along the waterfront of the Sharjah Corniche,  several recent monumental buildings collectively suggest a new urban image and socio-cultural space for a modern Muslim urban identity. Along with a series of restaurants, entertainment spaces, and office building, Masjid al-Noor, Masjid al-Maghfira, Al-Qasbah, and the Museum of  Islamic Civilization house important cultural institutions, combining eclectic references to the history of Islam into a new urban order. Neither entirely the conservative vernacularism of whole-scale historical mimicry, nor altogether the neo-vernacularism of fragmentary pastiche, this urban assemblage embraces these two distinct design approaches at the level of the individual buildings, but unifies them at the urban scale in what could be called neo-regional urbanism.  The stylistic clarity of Masjid al-Noor, which consistently integrates the stylistic elements of Ottoman styled mosques, contrasts with the isolated fragments of Moorish/Hispanic lattice work that adorn the otherwise modern Masjid al-Maghfira. Al-Qasbah’s neo-Islamic horse-shoe arches contrast with the Syrian-Ottoman styled facades of the Museum of Islamic  Civilization.  Although  these  buildings  individually  address  the  problems  of  built  form  and  the application of Islamic ornaments disparate ways, taken together this group of new monuments forms a complex urban whole that serves to reflect and deepen an emerging sense of identity that is built upon  a similarly complex mix of multicultural non-western ethnicities that make up the fluid and mobile population of Sharjah. This urban assemblage has become such a popular space of gathering that it has begun to shift the centre of gravity of Sharjah’s urban social space towards the Corniche,  and in so doing has produced an authentic alternative to the introverted malls and isolated dreamscapes of Dubai. This paper studies the

  10. Pendidikan Tinggi Islam Dan Peradaban Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasbi Indra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Indonesia’s Islamic higher education has a strategic position in developing the future of Indonesian civilization. The institution which was established in the era of independence has been as a part of Indonesia education system following the policies and regulations made by the government. Pendidikan tinggi Islam mengalami dinamika dan pengembangan antara lain dari STAIN/IAIN (Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri/Institut Agama Islam Negeri menjadi UIN (Universitas Islam Negeri.  The Islamic High Education has been experiencing dynamical changes and developments which started from Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri/ Institute Agama Islam Negeri (STAIN/IAIN which are then changed into Universitas Agama Islam Negeri (UIN. In addition, private Islamic high school and private Islamic university have also developed. And their existence continues to develop up to this era of globalization. The globalization era is indicated by the massive development of sciences and technology creating a borderless world where people can communicate each other easily in a distance places.  . This globalization era is also marked by an open economy with its system of capitalism that has brought human being to easily fulfill their sexual libido. Now days, Islamic high education also exists amid international trades, including bilateral trade among Asian countries that should be responded in order to produce qualified graduates. Although the role of Islamic High Education has not given an optimal contribution to the nation, this research attempts to describe its existence and history since its birth in independence. With all of its potentials it has, Islamic High Education provides human resources in all aspects of life. It is not impossible for Islamic high education, as a part of nation, to bring Indonesia to reach its civilization peak. Like the civilization that had happened several decades ago, that is, in the era of the Umayyad and the Abbasid, was a

  11. HEADMASTER POLICY OF SENIOR ISLAMIC SCHOOL TO INCREAS TEACHER PROFESIONALISM AT STATE SENIOR ISLAMIC SCHOOL 2 MODEL MEDAN

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    Muhammad Arifin Tanjung

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available State Senior Islamic School 2 Model Medan oh of famous Islamic schools in North Sumatera. The issues in this writing are what are the formulation, organization, application, and evaluation of headmaster Policy of Senior Islamic School to Increase Teacher Professionalism at State Senior Islamic School 2 Model Medan. To explain the main issue in this writings, I have to observe and interview the Moslem population. Data has been collected will be explained detailly and analyzed by Islamic education management. Based on research, formulation of headmaster Policy of Senior Islamic School to Increase Teacher Professionalism at State Senior Islamic School 2 Model Medan is bottom up which ideas from teachers, beginning from teachers meeting in one subject, teachers meeting in one program, annual meeting in a month and annual meeting in a year, and finally in teamwork, for example, anual teachers meeting, seminar, workshop, coffee morning, study comparison to university and another school. It will motivate teacher in teaching, activity, and anything. Besides it, headmaster facilitates everything whatever teacher need it, for example, infocus, laptop, and everything. And the organization of headmaster Policy of Senior Islamic School to Increase Teacher Professionalism at State Senior Islamic School 2 Model Medan is cooperation with the school community and he helped by vices and head program and teachers and chairman of the student. The special of school organization is evaluation of teachers activity and relation to abroad. Headmaster states his position as a teacher who teaches students, a leader who leads teachers, a manager who manages, a motivator who motivate, a supervisor who supervise teachers activity, and facilitator for teachers. And finally evaluation of headmaster Policy of Senior Islamic School to Increase the Teacher Professionalism at State Senior Islamic School 2 Model Medan each level, beginning from teachers meeting in one subject

  12. Dakwah Islam Dan Radikalisme Agama

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    M. Bisri Djalil

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A thing closely related to bustle the life of the religious contemporary is radicalism phenomenon. The question is: Does Islam teach radicalism? The answer of this question always problematic. It is caused by every religion (either Islam or the other viewed as an acceptance that granted as a divinity instrument that teaches everything in goodness. Islam is a religion that provide of security, comfort, calmness as more strengthening for all its adherents. In Indonesia, radical Islamic groups often associated with groups like company of Salafy (Bandung, Islamic Youth Front (FPIS, Islamic Defender Front (FPI, Jihad’s Troop of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, The Tribunal of Indonesian Mujahidin, Hizbut Tahrir of Indonesia. The movement of Islam in Indonesia cannot be viewed as a monolithic movement or uniform in the same of political interest. That moment, political global movement has variation in the perspective, motive, strategy and action. One thing that same as the source of radicalism is the definition of the concept of jihad. Eventually, the construction of jihad affects the Islamic propaganda (dakwah ideology and movement. Ideally the realization of the concept of Jihad is not led to radicalism. If indeed reflect to the era of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh, then it must be conceived with the conditions encountered at that time.

  13. Islamic Principles and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Karen; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Based on interviews with five Islamic respondents, this paper investigates stricter Islamic parents' difficulties with certain assumptions and practices of Australian education, particularly health and physical education. Concerns about modesty and separation of sexes conflict with central aims based on equal educational opportunities and equality…

  14. Paradigma Keilmuan Manajemen Pendidikan Islam

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    Irawan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available When the word “Islam” is attached to the subject “Education Management” and become “Islamic Education Management” it would rise a question whether or not it is a science? If It is a science, what is the assurance that truly represent it as a science? This paper tries to proof that Islamic education management could be considered as a science and it bears its own scientific paradigm. The analysis employs the critical realism school of Stephen Ackroyd in the philosophy of management as well as numbers of episthemeological issues of organizational practices by Frits Schipper that are brought to the context of Islamic education. The analysis shows that the formal object of Islamic education management is management science, whereas, its material object is management practices of educational activities in Islamic education institutions such as madrasah, pesantren (boarding school dan Islamic schools. The researches in Islamic education management focus on facts, context, event and cases happened in that institutions, by not merely attaching Qur’anic verses in the existing theory of education management, so that it looks Islamic, since the Qur’an is also contextual with its asbabun nuzul (the causes of revelation concept

  15. Practicing Improvisation: Preparing Multicultural Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Karla

    2015-01-01

    Preparing competent multicultural educators involves a dynamic process requiring constant self-reflection and assisting pre-service teachers to sharpen their cultural vision as they learn to be responsive educators. Reflections on lessons learned as a teacher educator are shared through personal experiences that are identified as keys to prepare…

  16. Beyond "Multicultural Moments" (Middle Ground).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Howard M.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses how to teach students the values of "understanding, tolerance, caring, and respect," and to help them understand and appreciate cultures other than their own. Focuses on five levels: building a classroom library of multicultural literature; using "lit sets" (multiple copies of the same book) to promote multicultural…

  17. Resources for Schools: Multicultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelaide Univ. (Australia).

    This non-exhaustive, partially annotated booklist of multicultural materials was compiled from library catalogs, reviews published for school libraries, publishers' and booksellers' catalogs, and a search of bookshops in Sydney, Adelaide, and Melbourne. It indicates what is currently available in Australia, and provides ideas for an initial school…

  18. Toleration, Multiculturalism and Mistaken Belief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Standish, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Doubts have been expressed about the virtue of toleration, especially in view of what some have seen as its complicity with a morality of anything goes. More rigorous arguments have been provided by Peter Gardner and Harvey Siegel against the relativism evident in certain versions of multiculturalism and in the new religious studies. This article…

  19. Good Governance According to Islamic Perspective

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    Mohamad Ismail Bin Mohamad Yunus

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The objectives of the professional agencies must embody provisions that promote good governance and embrace values of integrity and accountability and seek support from the public and the government of the day to provide an independent view on all matters. The universal truth is that everything should be done in the public good. Professionals form the backbone of human infrastructure in any economy, politics, social and legal growth. Their contributions through professional performance enhance the good delivery system that facilitates policies making and management for public sector. They provide the skills and talent in balancing the pursuits of maximization of services. The expression “good governance” has been constantly used lately in both public sector as well as private sector in Malaysia. In the context of a private body, it should be within the framework of the statute, which governs the body and also its constitution. In the public sector, it means that the administrators should act professionally and not to abuse or misuse the power or authority given to them. They are regarded as the trustees of the public at large. The scope of this article is on good public governance in the public sector or to be exact, good governmental administration as interpreted by the judiciary especially through its judicial review power and Islamic Perspective based on the principles of Maqasid As Shariah (Objectives of Islamic Law.   Keywords: Good Governance, Public Sector, Malaysian Law, Islamic Perspective, Maqasid As-Shariah.

  20. Employer Branding: An Islamic Perspective

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    Norasyikin binti Shaikh Ibrahim

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses employer branding from an Islamic perspective. Islam is away of life and so do the employer and employee relationship, which strengthensemployer branding in an organization. The definition, importance and processrelated to employer branding are discussed in the context of human resource management, such as job satisfaction and work environment. In addition to that, related human resource management practices such as recruitment andselection were discussed in an Islamic context. Related concepts such as employeevalue proposition (EVP, ethics and Islamic values were discussed with referencefrom Al-Quran and Hadith. The paper concludes with a few suggestions andrecommendations on instilling Islamic values for effective employer branding.

  1. The Uniqueness of Islamic Culture

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    Sinan YILMAZ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This paper examines the main reasons behind why Islamic culture is different than other cultures. In the introduction part of the paper, the usage area of the words culture and civilization were tackled. In the first part of the paper, an evaluation of the uniqueness of Islamic culture was made and examples about this were given. In the second part of the paper, evaluations about how Islamic culture has struggled with modernization and secularization and how it has shaped itself as a result of this were made. In the third part of the paper, the situation in which Islamic civilization has regressed against the Western civilization causing emerging arguments and the current situation in Islamic civilization have been addressed by making evaluations on culture and civilization. In the final part, evaluations on thesis this paper has used were made.

  2. METODOLOGI DALAM KAJIAN PSIKOLOGI ISLAM

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    Siti Faridah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Initially Islamic Psychology studies and development made many Muslim scholars were spellbound by western psychology theories. They used them as a tool to analyze all sorts of phenomenon Muslim society and give the solution. It is important to remember that the Islamic Psychology concept should be built by the Muslim psychologists their selves. However, the western psychology concept is not necessarily suitable with the needs and purposes in Islam area. Because of that, the writer is interested to discuss the Islamic Psychology Methodology. Hopefully, Islamic Psychology can be an alternative way to solve Muslim society psychological problem especially and all of human being in generally. There were three approaches used by classic Muslim scholars to discuss psychic problem. They are skriptualis approach, falsafi/philosophy approach, and tasawwufi/Sufism approach. They are two studies in Islamic Psychology research; they are the theory and the method. Islam puts wahyu (divine revelation as a religion paradigm which admits the existence of Allah in belief or in the implementation in the construction of science. Acsiologically, Islamic Psychology is built up to get the prosperity for human being. In epistemology, there is a relationship (nisbah between mind and intuition. In ontology, it is for understanding human being as sunnatullah. Thus, al-Qur’an is the main source. Both of positivism and rationalism ideologies have different perspectives in finding the truth. Positivism believes that there is only one sensory truth. It could be observed and approved by anyone. In other side, Rationalism admits three truths. They are imperi-sensual truth, imperi-logic truth, and imperi-ethic. Both of the ideologies do not admit metaphysical and transcendental matters. As the result, the Islamic Psychology research will come true. Finally, to build up an Islamic Psychology as a branch of science, we still have so many things to do.

  3. Islam dan Kosmopolitanisme Budaya

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    Hamadi B. Husain

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Muslim ummah have been dragged into the global culture and have to accept the consequences that emerge thereof. To a certain degree, Muslims were deluded by this global culture and were—as a result—shackled into the seemingly irresolvable problems such as the problem of academic objectivity, the ulama-intellectual dichotomy, identity, terrorism, the so-called minor-major paradigm, and the problem of structural poverty. These problems are interdependent and require an all—embracing solution to resolve them. This paper argues that to speak of a solution on the one hand, and to set up the futuristic strategies to deal with those problems on the other, Muslims should first of all build a solid identity. Four steps are required to build this solid identity. (1 Adhering to the Qur’anic morality as the very foundation for Muslim’s way of life. (2 Appropriating to the maximum the human and natural resources available to the Muslims, which would certainly require them to produce the competent scientists, engineers and so on. (3 Applying the rules of syari’ah to all aspects of Muslim’s life by first of all gaining a proper understanding about the true teaching of Islam and the real spirit that underlies it. (4 Establishing and maintaining international relationships with foreign countries as well as with other cultures and civilizations. The implication of Islam being a religion of compassion is that it should be built upon understanding and tolerance. Islam advocates the principle of mutual interest and is willing to achieve a better future for all human being.

  4. Islam and oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glaeser, F

    1982-08-01

    After some remarks on the reasons for the particular economic behaviour of Islam, especially on the incalculability of a resource-policy influenced by a strong religion, the possibilities of efficient petroleum substitution by natural gas are discussed. Eighty percent of the natural gas in the F.R. of Germany comes from Western countries. The author demonstrates what additional supply safety is given by explaining the most recent natural gas contract with the USSR. In spite of a general downward movement the positive sales trend for natural gas on the sector of households is still continued on the inland market.

  5. KONTRIBUSI ISLAM TERHADAP AKUNTANSI

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    Ivo Sabrina

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study will focus on the comparison between the accounting and another definition to find the harmony and unity of meaning in it. This study uses the approach of the historical development and significance of accounting in Islam. in the perspective of the Quran and Hadith, the meaning of accounting is general and covers the whole of human activity in the lives interact and transact among others, both religious and related fields mu‘âmalah areas and  socioeconomic transac-tions in general.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2550

  6. Kontribusi Islam Terhadap Akuntansi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivo Sabrina

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study will focus on the comparison between the accounting and another definition to find the harmony and unity of meaning in it. This study uses the approach of the historical development and significance of accounting in Islam. The meaning of accounting from Qur'an and Hadith perspective is general and covers the whole of human activity in the lives interact and transaction each other, either in religous and related fields or in muamalah areas and socio-economics transactions in general.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v4i2.2102

  7. : The Representation of Money in Arab-Islamic Culture1 Oladosu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-10-31

    Oct 31, 2016 ... International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The authors are .... ownership is exercised and which the owner is free to enjoy (Al- es ..... be goodness, his speech is usually accepted; his sitting is. 7).

  8. Tujuh Karakter Fundamentalisme Islam

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    Tholkhatul Khoir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article examines fundamentalism and compares it with the concept of extremism, radicalism, and scripturalism. This article discovered that it is possible to carry out study on the phenomenon of fundamentalism in post-positivism paradigm as employed by modern social sciences. As we know that basically all fundamentalism has the same character. However, Islamic fundamentalism are significantly different from the other fundamentalist movements in many substantive things, such as the ability to penetrate the boundaries between countries, the abundance of the activists, the character of the Islam as a "protest movement", the total obedience to the rules of everyday life of the Islam, the failure of separation between state and religion, the high spirit of collectivity, the potential of Islam to legitimize states, the existence of the doctrine of jihad and its immediate reward of the Hereafter. Under the shadows of all the above, Islamic countries tend to be sensitive to the waves of fundamentalism that nevertheless in fact move ups and downs in accordance with social, political, and economic realities.الملخص: تبحث هذه الدراسة عن الأصولية وتقارن بينها وبين مفهوم التطرف والراديكالية، والحرفي وتستخلص بأنه من الممكن لإجراء دراسة حول ظاهرة الأصولية في نموذج ما بعد الوضعية كما تستخدمها العلوم الاجتماعية الحديثة. ونحن نعلم أن كل الأصولية في الأساس لها نفس الطابع. ومع ذلك، الأصولية الإسلامية تختلف اختلافا كبيرا من الحركات الأصولية الأخرى في كثير من الأمور الجوهرية، مثل القدرة على اختراق الحدود بين البلدان، والوفرة من الناشطين، وطابع الإسلام بأنها "حركة احتجاجية"،

  9. The multicultural orientation framework: A narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Don E; DeBlaere, Cirleen; Owen, Jesse; Hook, Joshua N; Rivera, David P; Choe, Elise; Van Tongeren, D R; Worthington, Everett L; Placeres, Vanessa

    2018-03-01

    After several decades of slow progress, researchers are beginning to make advances in linking constructs based on the multicultural competencies tradition-especially those focused on qualities of the therapist-to therapy outcomes. The multicultural orientation framework was developed in response to several trends within the multicultural competencies tradition, with a particular emphasis on integrating the multicultural competencies tradition into research on psychotherapy process. We provide a narrative review of studies that include one of the three constructs (i.e., cultural humility, cultural opportunities, and cultural comfort) articulated by the multicultural orientation framework. Results indicate initial evidence linking multicultural orientation constructs to therapy outcomes (e.g., perceived improvement, racial/ethnic disparities in termination, and therapy alliance). Results also supported the social bond and social oil hypotheses from theorizing on humility. Implications for future research and therapy practice are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

  10. Helpful and Hindering Multicultural Events in Group Supervision: Climate and Multicultural Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaduvettoor, Anju; O'Shaughnessy, Tiffany; Mori, Yoko; Beverly, Clyde, III; Weatherford, Ryan D.; Ladany, Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between multicultural events in group supervision, group climate, and supervisee multicultural competence using a mixed qualitative/quantitative design. The discovery-oriented approach yielded 196 helpful and hindering multicultural events among 136 participants. The most common events included multicultural…

  11. Supportive Group Factors, Course Pedagogy, and Multicultural Competency within Multicultural Psychology Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoyer, Michael Ryan

    2017-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between course pedagogy and supportive group factors with variables of multicultural competency and multicultural counseling self-efficacy at the completion of a multicultural psychology course. The participants were students in graduate clinical psychology, counseling psychology, and school psychology programs…

  12. The Third-Order Multiculturalism: Civil Rights, Diversity, and Equality in Korea's Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Joon K.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the politics of South Korea's multicultural discourse and locates its recent development in the context of a broader analytical discussion about multiculturalism. Utilizing the historical experience of the USA, this paper identifies the three orders of multiculturalism. Up until the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s,…

  13. Depoliticization of the Language of Social Justice, Multiculturalism, and Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Carl A.

    2016-01-01

    This article discusses the depoliticization of the language of social justice, multiculturalism, and multicultural education in this moment of neoliberalism and multiculturalism, and in each section includes both national and international examples of depolicizaton to point out the pervasiveness of depolicization throughout the world.…

  14. Sharing of risks in Islamic finance

    OpenAIRE

    Sekreter, Ahmet

    2011-01-01

    For most of the people the prohibition on interest is the well known part of Islamic finance. Indeed, the concept of Islamic finance was not being discussed enough till financial crisis, after crisis it started to be seen as an alternative financial system for conventional finance. Sharing the risks is the main concept of Islamic finance and one of the main differences between conventional and Islamic finance. Depositors/savers do not bear any risk in conventional finance however Islamic fina...

  15. Suggestion of Islamic Insurance Company Model

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Ibrahim Nazal

    2015-01-01

    This study is one of very few studies which have investigated Islamic Insurance Companies as solution. It explained its operations also comparing with Traditional Insurance Companies and theoretical Islamic insurance models. As result to this study Islamic Insurance companies are profit organization. It helps Islamic banks but it costs customer to face expect risk. Islamic Insurance companies have many ways to get profits and consider all customers installments grants. Its operation gap comes...

  16. Pendidikan Islam dalam Sistem Pendidikan Nasional

    OpenAIRE

    Fathul Jannah

    2013-01-01

    Islamic educationis an integral part of the National Education System. As part of the national educational system, Islamic education gets legitimacy to exist and get a place to live and thrive in Indonesia to meet need of education for Muslims. Accommodation to the Islamic education system and make the system of Islamic education institutions have a strong foundation to be developed with the support of funds and attention from the state. Therefore, the state is obliged to develop Islamic educ...

  17. Securitization across borders: organizational mimicry in Islamic finance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bassens, D.; Engelen, E.; Derudder, B.; Witlox, F.

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the case of securitization in Islamic finance to tease out what is universal and what is specific about this technique. To do this, the article frames the spatial dispersal of securitization as a form of ‘organizational mimicry’, which highlights that techniques always rely

  18. The Experience of Salafi Islam in the West African Sub

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    question of the relationship between religion and the Pan-African ideal. It seeks to ... conversion to the Islamic way of life is taking place in university campuses ... Muslims to preserve their identity by maintaining continuity with the culture that ...

  19. HAM ISLAM DAN DUHAM PBB: SEBUAH IKHTIAR MENCARI TITIK TEMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izzuddin Washil

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Human Rights and the United Nations Human Rights Declaration: in Search of Compromise. Although generally in common with the United Nations Human Rights Declaration (DUHAM, the concept of Human Rights in the Cairo Declaration has different specifications. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights comes from the Western paradigm, while the Cairo Declaration is based on the Shari'a. Viewed from the perspective of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, there are some specific issues in the human rights of the World Islamic version that are considered to violate human rights. The concept of freedom of religion differs between the two. It is also true in the context of death penalty, stoning, and others. Thus does the human rights of the Islamic version be contrasted with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights? Instead of contrasting these two aspects, this paper tries to reconcile them by finding an alternative answer. By re-enacting some Islamic concepts, this paper finds an opportunity for Cairo Declaration with the Universal Declaration to go hand in hand in harmony.

  20. Resensi Buku Islamic Perspective on Management: Contemporary Issues

    OpenAIRE

    Kusuma, Bayu Mitra Adhyatma

    2016-01-01

    Judul buku : Islamic Perspective on Management: ContemporaryIssuesPenulis : Nor ‘Azizah Kamri, dkk.Penerbit : YaPEIM Management Academy (kerjasamadengan University of Malaya Press)Tebal : xiv + 463 halamanCetakan pertama : November 2013Kota terbit : Kuala Lumpur

  1. 76 FR 29812 - In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al-Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam, as a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7464] In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al- Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam, as a Foreign Terrorist Organization Pursuant to Section 219 of the... respect to Army of Islam, also known as Jaish al-Islam, also known as Jaysh al-Islam. Therefore, I hereby...

  2. 76 FR 29812 - In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al-Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam; as a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-23

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7463] In the Matter of the Designation of Army of Islam, aka Jaish al- Islam, aka Jaysh al-Islam; as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist Pursuant to Section 1(b... of Islam, also known as Jaish al-Islam, also known as Jaysh al-Islam, has committed, or poses a...

  3. Multiculturalism of Tatar-Christians in Western Siberia as a result of confessional policy in the Russian Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga N. Naumenko

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the main tasks of the Russian state and the European countries is a formation of the uniform multinational people which are capable to resist to internal and external threats. Multiculturalism solves this problem, but migratory crisis in Europe has forced politicians to recognize impossibility of his realization in conditions when Christian and Arab-Muslim cultures are forced to coexist nearby. The article considers opposite experience – combination of orthodox and Islamic components in culture of the Siberian Christian Tatars in XVIII – the beginning of the 20th centuries is considered. Interpenetration of cultures has happened without loss of national identity of the Siberian Tatars; their culture has gained new unique lines. Authors consider that this combination has created a certain ethnic and national psychology of the Siberian baptized Tatars which allows them to coexist harmoniously with other people – Christian and Muslim. In article is considered multiculturalism of the Siberian Tatars in life, legal customs and religious art. Authors analyze the reasons of this phenomenon and emphasize that his major prerequisite – readiness of the Siberian people for interaction. It was based on uniform system of moral values, was formed throughout long evolution of ethnic and confessional development under the influence of a state policy. Authors come to the conclusion that the idea of multiculturalism is real and feasible in a combination "Christianity/Islam", but other conditions, than those developed in Western Europe now.

  4. Pendidikan Agama Islam dalam Lanskap Post Tradisionalisme Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Susanto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is interested in exploring the most recent current of thought belonging to the younger generation of Indonesian intelligentsia. This current of thought is known by many as post-traditionalism. While discussing some of its most notable traits, this paper tries to show that the school of thought –while being intellectual and discursive- is also concerned with the state of education in the country. The paper argues first and foremost that the advent of this school was due to the poor quality of religious discourse in the country. By means of critical approach and “leftist” epistemology, this group tries to subvert the existing discourses, which it considers irrelevant. Since these irrelevant doctrines were encapsulated in the educational institutions, the practical and strategic way to dismantle these doctrines is by deconstructing their educational system on the one hand, and by reconstructing the new one; the one that reflects the universal and humanitarian values of Islam such tolerance and understanding.

  5. Islamic Architecture as a Field of Historical Enquiry, AD Architectural Design, 74(6, 2004 Reproduced by courtesy of the publishers John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Rabbat

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Islamic architecture, a young field with a conservative scholarly lineage, has only recently begun to find its own theoretical bearings. After briefly reviewing the origins and formative stages of the field in the West, this article identifies a turning point brought about by the publication of Edward Saïd's seminal book Orientalism in 1978. It then introduces three critical notions, dynamic periodization, multiculturalism, and dialogue, which offer a framework for the study of Islamic architecture as a tradition with a solid historical selfconsciousness.

  6. ISLAMIC BUSINESS ETHICS BETWEEN REALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasyim Nawawi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Sesungguhnya sejarah etika bisnis Islam tidak dapat dipisahkan dari sejarah induknya yakni ekonomi Islam, sedangkan ekonomi Islam berusia setua Islam itu sendiri. Sebagaimana kita ketahui, misi mulia Rasulullah SAW. di muka bumi adalah membangun masyarakat yang beradab. Adapun prinsip-prinsip dasar etika bisnis Islam yang ditanamkan oleh Rasulullah adalah sebagai berikut: (1 berlandaskan ketauhidan (keesaan, (2 keadilan (keseimbangan, (3 kebebasan berikhtiyar, (4 amanah (bertanggung jawab, (5 menegakkan kebenaran, kebajikan dan kejujuran. Dalam konteks keindonesiaan, penegakan hukum dalam bisnis sebenarnya sebagian besar sudah dilaksanakan, meskipun pelaksanaannya berbeda dengan bisnis yang dijalankan pada masa awal peradaban Islam. Pada awal peradaban Islam sudah terdapat lembaga pengawasan (al-hisbah yang fungsinya adalah meninjau keberadaan bisnis di pasar, baik dari segi halal dan haramnya produk yang dijual, ukuran timbangan, kejujuran seorang penjual, dan hal-hal lain yang merugikan. Ukuran penegakan  hukum di Indonesia didasarkan atas klausul yang menyangkut hal-hal yang merugikan orang lain, bukan terkait halal dan haramnya produk. Dalam implementasinya diharapkan pelaku bisnis mampu melaksanakan dengan menekankan pada cara yang dikenalkan Islam dalam etika berbisnis yang Islami. Bisnis dalam bidang-bidang yang halal, bermanfaat positif, tidak dengan penipuan, harus disampaikan dengan apa adanya (jujur, serta tidak merusak lingkungan dan  ekosistem yang lainnya. Abstract: Actually, the history of the Islamic business ethics cannot be separated from its parent’s history which is the Islamic economics, whereas the Islamic economics is as old as the religion of Islam itself. As we know, the noble mission of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him in this world is to build a civilized society. The basic principles of Islamic business ethics instilled by Muhammad is follows: (1 based on tawhid (oneness of Allah, (2 justice

  7. Negotiating Islam with cinema A theoretical discussion on Indonesian Islamic films

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Nuril Huda

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims at exploring certain negotiations that justify Muslim’s cinematic texts and practices. It focuses on the questions about what is Islamic and un-Islamic about film, who and what decides certain films as Islamic, and what are the meanings of cinematic practices of Islam for Muslim society. Furthermore, this paper tries to investigate these questions from a theoretical basis using concepts of Islamic modernity, Islamic Ummah and Public, in order to shed some light on the idea of ...

  8. Integrasi Pemikiran Islam Dan Peradaban Melayu: Studi Eksploratif Historis Terhadap Perkembangan Peradaban Melayu Islam Di Nusantara

    OpenAIRE

    Mugiyono, Mugiyono

    2016-01-01

    Integration of Islamic thought and civilization Malays make acculturation and assimilation between them to give birth to new style of Islamic Malay civilization which has its own distinct characteristics with Islamic civilization elsewhere. Dynamics of Islamic thought in the Malay lands have created the character of Malay Islamic civilization. Islam became the unifying factor of various ethnic Malays. 'supra-identity' across geographical boundaries, ethnic sentiments, customs and traditions o...

  9. The emergence of Islam through the theoretical prism of Max Weber: The role of spatial context, social actors and social strata in the process of defining and expansion of the Islamic religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Weber's theoretical legacy contains only fragments of thinking about Islam, primarily in the texts and monographs that as the main object of study did not have this religion. This fact is a big problem to contemporary researchers who want to reconstruct Weber's perception of Islam and positioning it in its theoretical and methodological coordinates. However, this barrier gives rise to modern researchers to engage in the challenge of reconstruction of the mentioned segment Weber's thoughts. This paper is an attempt of such a reconstruction. The paper analyzes the emergence of Islam, ie. spatial and social context of the founding of the Islamic religious dogma. The author starts from the hypothesis that in Weber's theoretical and analytical equation the importance of urban areas for the development and spread of Islam is absent. Also, in the paper author points to another error that Weber makes. Weber classified Islam in the category of warrior religion, and ignored the role of trade and commercial bed in the formulation of Islamic dogma and the (economic practices. In order to more adequately respond to the request 'placement' of Islam in the theoretical coordinates of Weber's sociology (of religion, author of the paper emphasizes the universality of the rationalization process, proving that Islam is one of the better examples of substantive rationality in the religious domain (because Islamic dogma implies a holistic approach to the believer and the high level of submission to the sacred text in all areas of its life.

  10. ISLAM: Local and Global Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Indeed, in maintaining their local values when faced with globalchallenges, Muslims, as a social entity, and Islam, as a set of dogma, havegiven birth to new phenomena, e.g. new interpretation of Islam withina new context. Additionally, this era of globalization has led religions,including Islam, to renew their gambit to cope reality, e.g. in the practicallife (sociological, political, economical and anthropological aspects,intellectual endeavors (philosophical and theological aspects, and in therenewal of dogmatic teachings (hermeneutical aspects.

  11. Leadership in Islamic Education Institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriadi Supriadi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Education institution may not be separated by social system. It can be formal and informal education. A formal education institution such as school, Islamic school or Islamic boarding school is in social environment and bringing a basic value and law from its institution. Meanwhile, Islamic education institution is believed as tool to reach the aim of education. The aim of education is hard to reach if there is no leadership in it. Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  12. Leadership in Islamic Education Institution

    OpenAIRE

    Supriadi Supriadi

    2014-01-01

    Education institution may not be separated by social system. It can be formal and informal education. A formal education institution such as school, Islamic school or Islamic boarding school is in social environment and bringing a basic value and law from its institution. Meanwhile, Islamic education institution is believed as tool to reach the aim of education. The aim of education is hard to reach if there is no leadership in it. Copyright © 2014 by Al-Ta'lim All right reserved

  13. Pendidikan Islam Inklusif-Multikultural dalam Perspektif Teori Gestalt

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    Mohamad Yasin Yusuf

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Islamic education is mostly dominated by the inherited construction of classical-scholastic epistemology where there is less appreciation of the dynamics and development of life which are increasingly complex and diverse. Many religious groups have the ideology leading to the truth which is excessive, unilateral, and exclusive. This is the reason why it is important to develop a paradigm of inclusive-multicultural education, the process of developing the full potential of human beings who appreciate plurality and heterogeneity as a consequence of the diversity of cultural, ethnic, tribal and flow (religion. At this point, Gestalt theory can be used as a surgical glasses in viewing the problem. According to Gestalt theory, diversity is a part / piece of totality that must be construed as a whole, not simply interpreted in bits and pieces. Overall, it would be more meaningful than just a piece or pieces that are not obscure. Therefore, understanding pluralistic inclusive life will give understanding of exclusion in Islamic education.

  14. PERUBAHAN PANDANGAN ONTOLOGI PADA WAYANG MASA ISLAM DAN PRA ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhadi Siswanto

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Puppet has developments and changes over time. Puppet continues to grow and develop in accordance with the development of the dominant civilization that accompanies it. A change in the function of puppet strikingly occurs in Islam and pre-Islamic era. Puppet that previously acted as a form of religious ritual to worship the ancestors and the ‘Dewa’ has been changes in function to serve as a media for the sake of religion propaganda and education. There was also a change on the ontological view in puppet. The changes occur due to difference concept of Deity’s thought in Islam and Hinduism. The Islam belief that does not recognize the concept ‘dewa’, it is not eliminating the existence of ‘dewa’ in various puppet stories, but instead desecrated it. ‘Dewa’ no longer considered sacred, perfect and unbeatable, but the god is considered common creatures that could also be defeated and make mistakes.

  15. Multireligious, Multicultural, and Multiethnic Calendar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korra, Herb, Comp.

    This guide features materials concerning ethnic and religious groups and the annual dates important to those groups. Specifically, the guide contains an index of religious holidays; a list of the historical dates important to Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism; and a calendar that lists, by month, cultural and…

  16. Regulation of Islamic art in confessional policy of Catherine II (on materials of the Tyumen region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia A. Bortnikova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Prevention of the religious conflicts and Islamic extremism, education of confessional tolerance, – these and other questions became the most actual political and scientific problem now. Art reflects outlook of people and is an ideological lever on society. In article the policy on use of Islamic art for education of confessional tolerance is analyzed. This policy began by Catherine II in 1773, had the content of reform and extended on religious art and architecture of all gentiles in the Russian Empire. Article is written on the basis of materials of the Central historical archive of the Republic of Bashkortostan and exhibits of the museums. The Tyumen region (the South of the modern Tyumen region was an optimum basis for carrying out this policy because of the mixed option of Islam which arose there. Muslim art included a complex of the subjects intended for execution of a religious cult. It reflected elements of Shamanism and Tengriism, and after carrying out reform – Judaism and Christianity. Thus, at it there were forms and images of all religions of the Tyumen region. Syncretism of Islamic art was shown in a typology of cult objects, their ornament and mission. The most unusual phenomenon was existence of a religious sculpture which was forbidden in Islam and Orthodoxy, but existed in both religions, and also in Catholicism, Tengriism and Shamanism. In article ways of impact on Muslim art which were used by the Orenburg Mohammedan spiritual meeting are considered. It didn't interfere in preservation of religious syncretism, and also executed orders of the government on Christianization of Islamic art. Authors come to a conclusion that reform carried lines of policy of multiculturalism for gentiles.

  17. Muslim patients and cross-gender interactions in medicine: an Islamic bioethical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padela, Aasim I; Rodriguez del Pozo, Pablo

    2011-01-01

    As physicians encounter an increasingly diverse patient population, socioeconomic circumstances, religious values and cultural practices may present barriers to the delivery of quality care. Increasing cultural competence is often cited as a way to reduce healthcare disparities arising from value and cultural differences between patients and providers. Cultural competence entails not only a knowledge base of cultural practices of disparate patient populations, but also an attitude of adapting one's practice style to meet patient needs and values. Gender roles, relationship dynamics and boundaries are culture specific, and are frequently shaped by religious teachings. Consequently, religion may be conceptualised as a cultural repertoire, or dynamic tool-kit, by which members of a faith adapt and negotiate their identity in multicultural societies. The manner in which Islamic beliefs and values inform Muslim healthcare behaviours is relatively under-investigated. In an effort to explore the impact of Islam on the relationship between patients and providers, we present an Islamic bioethical perspective on cross-gender relations in the patient-doctor relationship. We will begin with a clinical scenario highlighting three areas of gender interaction that bear clinical relevance: dress code, seclusion of members of the opposite sex and physical contact. Next, we provide a brief overview of the foundations of Islamic law and ethical deliberation and then proceed to develop ethicolegal guidelines pertaining to gender relations within the medical context. At the end of this reflection, we offer some practice recommendations that are attuned to the cultural sensitivities of Muslim patient populations.

  18. Isma'il al Faruqi and Islamization of knowledge: A critical review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halilović Seid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Muslim thinkers in the XX century offered different analyses of the relationship between traditional Islamic knowledge and modern Western sciences. In the beginning, it was thought that in the light of modern sciences Muslims could stop the process of multiple weakening of their societies. However, as various shortcomings of the Western culture started being noticed, there were more and more talks about the need for a modern Islamic science, or even new Islamic universities. The extremely influential Isma'il al Faruqi undoubtedly deserves most credits for popularizing the issues of islamization of knowledge and science. Believing that in the reform of the educational system should be recognised the key solution to the overall crisis in the Islamic world, al Faruqi, in collaboration with his closest friends from the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT formulated general principles, objectives and a detailed plan of the process of islamization of knowledge. He suggested that the Muslim experts should get well acquainted with modern sciences, and then to creatively connect those sciences with the Islamic heritage, in the light of basic Islamic concepts and views. However, using the method of philosophical analysis of contents of al Faruqi's writings on islamization of knowledge, we can see that his approach to understanding of Islam is burdened with pronounced literalism. He was an extreme opponent of the philosophical and mystical heritage of Islam, and also he had little knowledge of basic flows of dogmatic theology in Islam, which he necessarily preferred. Al Faruqi reduced Islamic intellect to the level of the instrument for solving problems in a person's physical life and he believed that it is harmful to think about metaphysical and esoteric truths. Finally, al Faruqi's analysis of the essential nature of modern sciences is essentially simple. He did not focus at all on the crucial, complex and hidden epistemological principles

  19. Comparative analysis of Canadian multiculturalism policy and the multiculturalism policies of other countries

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    Berry, John

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism is an increasingly common characteristic of contemporary societies. In culturally diverse social contexts, virtually every person experiences intercultural contact on a daily basis. It is essential to understand that there must be both cultural diversity and equity in social participation for true multiculturalism to exist in these settings. Beyond its core definition, it is clear that multiculturalism is a complex concept encompassing many dimensions and meanings. First, the term is understood to describe a demographic fact, indicating the existence of cultural diversity in a society. Second, multiculturalism refers to the policies and programs that are in place to manage intercultural relations and acculturation. Third, multiculturalism refers to psychological phenomena, including individual attitudes and ideologies that accept or reject the demographic, civic and policy features of multiculturalism. This chapter considers Canadian multiculturalism policy, examining how the multiple meanings of multiculturalism vary around the world. Within this framework, I highlight the psychological processes and outcomes of multiculturalism, particularly in connection with acculturation, adaptation and intercultural relations and consider whether these processes and outcomes differ for dominant and non-dominant groups. I suggest some ways in which to enhance the positive outcomes of intercultural contact and the resultant acculturation outcomes. Finally, this chapter sets the stage for the presentation of the other chapters in this volume. It elaborates three hypotheses derived from Canadian multiculturalism policy: the multiculturalism, integration and contact hypotheses.

  20. Infrastructuring Multicultural Healthcare Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreessen, Katrien; Huybrechts, Liesbeth; Grönvall, Erik; Hendriks, Niels

    2017-01-01

    This paper stresses the need for more research in the field of Participatory Design (PD) and in particular into how to design Health Information Technology (HIT) together with care providers and -receivers in multicultural settings. We contribute to this research by describing a case study, the 'Health-Cultures' project, in which we designed HIT for the context of home care of older people with a migration background. The Health-Cultures project is located in the city of Genk, Belgium, which is known for its multicultural population, formed by three historical migration waves of people coming to work in the nowadays closed coal mines. Via a PD approach, we studied existing means of dialogue and designed HIT that both care receivers and care providers in Genk can use in their daily exchanges between cultures in home care contexts. In discussing relevant literature as well as the results of this study, we point to the need and the ways of taking spatio-historical aspects of a specific healthcare situation into account in the PD of HIT to support multicultural perspectives on healthcare.

  1. Islamic design a mathematical approach

    CERN Document Server

    Wichmann, Brian

    2017-01-01

    This book deals with the genre of geometric design in the Islamic sphere. Part I presents an overview of Islamic history, its extraordinary spread from the Atlantic to the borders of China in its first century, its adoption of the cultural outlook of the older civilisations that it conquered (in the Middle East, Persia and Central Asia), including their philosophical and scientific achievements - from which it came to express its own unique and highly distinctive artistic and architectural forms. Part II represents the mathematical analysis of Islamic geometric designs.  The presentation offers unlimited precision that allows software to reconstruct the design vision of the original artist. This book will be of interest to Islamic academics, mathematicians as well as to artists & art students.

  2. REMAJA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENDIDIKAN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman DM

    2015-07-01

    serta upaya-upaya lain untuk menghindarkan remaja berperilaku negatif. Upaya tersebut dapat berhasil dengan baik apabila didukung dan dilakukan secara bersama-sama oleh Guru, orang tua dan komponen masyarakat lainnya. Kata Kunci: Remaja, Pendidikan Islam, Moral.

  3. [Medical deontology in Islam].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisser, U

    1997-01-01

    Our knowledge of medical practice in medieval Islam is still scanty. It is mostly derived from normative sources, textbooks and deontological texts, which rather depict an ambitious ideal to be followed than the social reality of the average physician. Moreover, deontological regulations in Arabic medical literature are to a large degree shaped by traditional conceptions. The present article, which is based on three so-called mirrors for physicians dating from the 9th to the 12th century AD, attempts to give a provisional outline of possible Greek sources beyond the well-known Hippocratic writings on medical ethics and deontology and a first assessment of topics which seem to be original with the Arabic authors.

  4. Radical Islam in East Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Initiative EIJ Egyptian Islamic Jihad EIJM Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement EPLF Eritrean People’s Liberation Front FPENS Formal Private Education Network in...ceremonies, the siyaaro or pilgrimages to the tombs of saints (practiced in particular by Sufis), and the celebration of Mawliid (the Prophet... tombs become pil- grimage centers.17 An important Sufi-linked organization is Ahlu Sunna wal-Jama’a (ASWJ), which seeks to unify the Sufi community

  5. Sleep from an islamic perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed S BaHammam

    2011-01-01

    Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of All?h (God) and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects ...

  6. Konsep Pengelolaan Air Dalam Islam

    OpenAIRE

    zahra zainun nisa

    2017-01-01

    Water is a long-life necessity that must be maintained for its sustainability. However, at present, various water resources problems have occurred in various countries. This study aims to find the concept of water resources management in Islam. This research type is library research with constant comparative method for data analysis. From the analysis, it can be understood that, Islam as a complete religion can be a source of water resource management concept to be implemented in life. For th...

  7. Perumusan Konsep Entitas Akuntansi Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Isgiyarta, Jaka

    2009-01-01

    Business entity is a fundamental concept in developing financial reporting. Defi¬nition of element financial reporting, relationships among element financial reporting, relationship between firm and the owners is developed base on business entity concept. Conventional accounting is developed in capitalistic culture environment. Owner is as centre of firm. In other way, Islamic cultural is different with capitalistic culture. In Islamic business, society is centre of business, business for the...

  8. Tamaddun sebagai Konsep Peradaban Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fahmy Zarkasyi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at promoting an appropriate term to depict the substantial meaning of Islamic civilization. Even though there are various terms in Arabic that refer to the meaning of civilization, such as hadârah, tsaqâfah, ‘umrân, the term that substantially compatible with Islam is tamaddun. From a linguistic perspective the root of tamaddun can be traced back to the word dîn, meaning religion. In this case the relation between civilization in the form of scientific movement and political authority with religion is considerably clearer and even provable with historical facts. From the time of the Prophet Muhammad, Umayyad Caliphate, Abbasid Caliphate, until the Ottoman Caliphate the relationship of religion and civilization was manifested. In Islamic history, when Islam entered to a region, the knowledge there will grow rapidly so as to bring prosperity and welfare. When Islam expanded its territory, it did three important stages: First, the expansion of political power dominated by military forces; second, the spreading of religion to the society such Islamic preaching and scientific activity based on al-Qur’an was dominated. Here, the people tried to integrate the teaching of al-Qur’an with the science that comes from other civilizations, especially Greek, Indian, and Persian; third is the spreading of Arabic language to become the official language of science and communication. These three stages proved that the widespread political power in Islamic history was always based on dîn and the development of science, which in turn, becomes civilization of science as well as religion, which defines tamaddun. Therefore, Islam accepted by any nation either non-Muslim or non-Arab for it departed from rational dîn which develops into tamaddun.

  9. Metode Keteladanan dalam Pendidikan Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Hidayat

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In achieving the target of national education, formal or non-formal, the role of a teacher is vital. Of the roles to be played by the teacher, providing good model for the students is seen as effective and efficient. In this case, the students would see not only how to develop their cognitive aspect but also affective and psychomotor aspects. To be specific with Islamic education, providing good model is effective in internalizing Islamic values to the students.

  10. Islam reformerer sig selv indefra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Provencal, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling.......En redegørelse for islams møde med moderniteten i det 19. og 20. århundrede. Der gøres rede for den islamiske reformismes og fundamentalismes historiske udvikling....

  11. ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN THE STUDY OFISLAMIC PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurussakinah Daulay

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini berupaya menjelaskan pendidikan Islam dalam kajian Psikologi Islam. Psikologi Islam adalah suatu pendekatan studidalam memahami kejiwaan  dan perilaku manusia yang berdasarkan konsep tauhid, dengan cara integrasi antara ilmu dan iman. PsikologiIslam adalah sebuah bentuk  psikologi yang berlandaskan citra manusiamenurut ajaran Islam, mempelajari keunika n dan pola perilaku manusia sebagai ungkapan pengalaman interaksi dengan diri sendiri, lingkungan sekitar, dan alam rohani dengan tujuan meningkatkan kesehatan mentaldan kualitas hidup keberagamaan, serta menggapai kebahagiaan hidup  di dunia dan di akhirat. Salah satu upaya untuk dapat membangunkem bali peradaban manusia dan penyempurnaan konsep perilaku manusia itu adalah dengan berpendidikan dan memahami konsepkonsep pendidikan dalam Islam, serta penyempurnaan jiwa yang diisi dengan iman dapatlah dibahas dalam kajian ilmu Psikologi Islam yang berlandaskan pada Al-Qur’an dan Hadist. Dalam pendidikan Islam telah diletakkan dasar-dasar Al-Qur’an yang berkenaan dengan tujuan pendidikan Islam dan materi-materi yang harus diajarkan dalam pendidikan Islam. Materi-materi yang akan disampaikan sebaiknya menggunakan metode yang menarik dan menjadi persoalan esensial dalam rangka tercapainya tujuan pendidikan Islam yang diharapkan. Berdasarkan pada begitu eratnya antara tugas psikologi Islam yang lebih menekankan pada jiwa ini sangat berpengaruh dalam ilmu pendidikan Islam. Jiwa yang bersih tentunya akan mudah dalam menerima dan mengaplikasikan konsep-konsep pendidikan Islam yang berdasarkan pada Al-Qur’an dan Sunnah Rasulullah SAW. Di atas kedua pilar ini lah dibangun konsep dasar pendidikan Islam. Titik tolaknya dimulai dari konsep manusia menurut IslamKeywords: Islamic Psychology, Islamic Education, Human, Life, Behavior

  12. PRINSIP DAN KRITERIA PERIKLANAN DARI PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teuku Meldi Kesuma

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Advertising in marketing Islamic products must be believed and understood as an important part of marketing based on Islam which should not be separated. This paper examines the principles and criteria of the advertising in the perspective of Islam. It is caused by the increasing of the companies and institutions which are based on Islamic values such as Islamic financial institutions that promote its products the consumers. The important issues discussed in this paper is how the real of concepts, principles, and criteria of Islamic advertising? Therefore this paper is developing an advertising concept from the perspective of Islam and to know for sure whether the principles and criteria that should exist in advertising Islam. The methodology applied in this paper is through literature review by using content analysis. Hopefully, this study could develop an Islamic perspective advertisement concept in terms of principles and criteria. =========================================== Periklanan dalam memasarkan produk-produk Islam harus diyakini dan di pahami merupakan bahagian penting dalam pemasaran yang berdasarkan Islam yang tidak boleh dipisahkan. Tulisan ini mengkaji prinsip-prinsip dan kriteria periklanan dalam perspektif Islam. Hal ini disebabkan semakin ramai dan tingginya pertumbuhan perusahaan dan institusi yang berlandaskan nilai-nilai Islam seperti institusi keuangan Islam yang mempromosikan produk dan perkhidmatannya kepada orang ramai. Persoalan penting yang dibahas dalam kertas kerja ini adalah bagaimanakah bentuk konsep, prinsip dan kriteria periklanan Islam yang sebenarnya? Oleh karena itu tujuan kertas kerja ini adalah untuk membangun satu konsep periklanan dari perspektif Islam dan untuk mengenal pasti apakah prinsip-prinsip serta kriteria yang seharusnya ada dalam periklanan Islam. Metodologi kajian yang digunakan dalam kertas kerja ini adalah metode kepustakaan dengan menggunakan analisis isi. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat

  13. Simbolisme Agama dalam Politik Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibnu Rochman

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The study of the symbolism of religion in Islamic politic is necessary to conduct because it is vast opportunity avaliable in the reformation and democratization era for most of Indonesian representing Moslem to express thier insight and thought that various forms ranging from vulgar, the emotion and the rational one. There are among the expression using symbols, even many Moslem who are active in practical politics Islamic symbols. Considering the title of the study "the Symbolism of Religion Philosophy in Islamic Politic", the author will study the philosopher suggesting that human being is homo symbolicum and also the history of politics in Islam since the disciples of Muhammad to the present. It is expected that the method of study provide the finding that symbolism of religion in Islamic politic takes place not only at present, but also it evidences that human being is homo symbolicus. The study is literature study. The collected data is critically analyzed using interpretation and historical methods. The result of the study shows that the Moslem politicans in the history of Islamic politics used religious symbols in practice. The position of the symbolic action in religion representing the medium of human-cosmic commucation and the physical and spiritual religious communication, are also used in political practice

  14. HAM ISLAM DAN DUHAM PBB: SEBUAH IKHTIAR MENCARI TITIK TEMU

    OpenAIRE

    Izzuddin Washil; Ahmad Khoirul Fata

    2017-01-01

    Islamic Human Rights and the United Nations Human Rights Declaration: in Search of Compromise. Although generally in common with the United Nations Human Rights Declaration (DUHAM), the concept of Human Rights in the Cairo Declaration has different specifications. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights comes from the Western paradigm, while the Cairo Declaration is based on the Shari'a. Viewed from the perspective of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, there are some specific issue...

  15. Borderless Islam and the modern nation state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasya Bahfen

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Given the dichotomy of “Islam and the West” and its currency post-September 11, how do we respond to the question of a modern Islam? This is the key idea that this paper explores, by discussing what Islam represents, and what modernity entails, arguing that Islamic teachings and practices are not necessarily incompatible with modernity, and that the discourse on Islam and modernity and where the two are headed can be legitimately engaged in by Muslims given that Islamic societies are diverse and subject to global influences.

  16. Multiculturalism and Contemporary British Fiction: Londonstani and The Islamist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Elia

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 21st century, the need to move beyond post-colonial and cultural studies somewhat abstract categories seems to be stronger than ever. In order to analyse all-encompassing issues such as ‘Europe', ‘black' and ‘white', a reification of post-colonial theoretical tools is made possible by an ever-increasing permeability of the boundaries between subjects such as literature, sociology, contemporary history, political science, international relations, anthropology. By pursuing an interdisciplinary and pragmatic approach, one finds it difficult to identify a persuasive idea of ‘Europe' when even its ‘capital' Brussels has to face an identity compromise between Flemish and Walloons (Castells, AlSayyad: 2002; by the same token, it is hard to imagine that, say, Scottish people would define themselves first as Europeans, and then as British and Scottish - the opposite sequential order is much more likely. Traditional categories such as ‘black' and ‘white' are also being repeatedly challenged and disrupted, witness the recent publication of novels such as Gautam Malkani's Londonstani (2006 and Ed Husain's The Islamist (2007. The former displays a religion-free kind of identity describing the life in Hounslow of apolitical British-Asian teenage rude-boys ironically embracing the traditionally opposed black hip-hop culture. The latter, instead, is based on a real account of a British Muslim who, after becoming an Islamic fundamentalist, rejected political Islam and returned to normal life. My essay aims to investigate this anti-essentialist notion of the South-Asian community in contemporary Britain by reflecting on the passionate debate between those who keep celebrating multiculturalism as the necessary path to a more tolerant society, and those who blame the policy of appeasement that supposedly fostered the growth of Muslim fundamentalism in Britain. Bearing in mind the diverse colonial histories and the dangers of

  17. Multicultural WebQuests for Gifted Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmon, Deborah A.; Jones, Toni Stokes; Copeland, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    A multicultural curriculum affirms and includes all people regardless of age, race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, language, religion, physical ability, or mental ability. The goal is to reduce prejudice and bias by discussing these issues. The Bloom/Banks curriculum framework was developed as a model for creating multicultural gifted…

  18. Measuring the Multicultural Dispositions of Preservice Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Bryant; Whiting, Erin Feinauer; Chapman, Sara

    2018-01-01

    Claims abound in the research literature regarding multicultural teacher dispositions, including how to foster them in teacher preparation programs. However, measures of multicultural dispositions of teachers that (a) capture the range of conceptually rich constructs and (b) demonstrate strong psychometric properties are not represented in the…

  19. Prospective Teachers' Personal Characteristics to Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eskici, Menekse

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine prospective teachers' personal characteristics to multicultural education. It is also aimed to reveal whether there are meaningful differences in prospective teachers' personal characteristics to multicultural education according to their genders, age and number of siblings. The descriptive model was chosen to…

  20. Multicultural Supervision: What Difference Does Difference Make?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eklund, Katie; Aros-O'Malley, Megan; Murrieta, Imelda

    2014-01-01

    Multicultural sensitivity and competency represent critical components to contemporary practice and supervision in school psychology. Internship and supervision experiences are a capstone experience for many new school psychologists; however, few receive formal training and supervision in multicultural competencies. As an increased number of…

  1. MULTICULTURALISM AS IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTIC OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneta Barakoska

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of the multicultural principles in education is a result of common processes of modern societies’ democratisation, requirements for law and respect of the Human Rights and Liberties, the process of globalisation and the economic, technological, and cultural connection among peoples and countries.Multicultural education presents educational program which does not concern only certain minorities, but it also refers to the social groups as a whole, no matter big or small. It refers to every social group which has distinctive culture and to the disparate relations and attitudes that a group develops toward other peoples’ cultures. Some authors point out different models regarding multicultural education in Europe and the USA. Different attitudes towards multiculturalism in Europe and the USA arise from various conditions and situations of minorities.Along with these distinctions go the disparities in educational policy and attitudes towards multicultural education, values, needs, operationalisation, etc. If the ‘educational ideal’ means formation of new citizen that would live in multicultural society, than ‘additional’ programs for education of children based on interculturalism and multiculturalism must be created. The subject matters of the ‘additional’ programs should be incorporated in every general educational subject. Schools should play an important role in encouraging multiculturalism, especially the multinational schools, because they are concrete educational institutions where children are taught proper behaviour.

  2. Exploring Multicultural Themes through Picture Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farris, Pamela J.

    1995-01-01

    Advocates inclusion of multicultural picture books in social studies instruction to offer different outlooks and visions in a short format. Describes selection of picture books with multicultural themes and those that represent various cultures, gender equity, and religious themes. Suggests that picture books may help students develop better…

  3. Teaching Strategies for the Multicultural Journalism Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Mary

    1992-01-01

    Points out that journalism teachers must address issues of diversity in the multicultural classroom. Considers strategies for the multicultural classroom, including (1) using cross-cultural materials and explaining why such materials are being used; (2) making assignments that allow students to pursue culture-specific knowledge; and (3) permitting…

  4. Multicultural Competencies for Community Counsellors | Elkchirid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Multicultural competence has recently been explicitly stated by organizations such as the American Psychological Association (APA) and the American Counseling Association (ACA) through their codes and guidelines. Literatures generally relate multicultural competence with work involving high-context situations or ...

  5. Protecting the Right to Multicultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, Adair

    1991-01-01

    Argues that a child has a right to multicultural education when the child is a member of a minority community or when the child's mother and father are members of different cultural groups. Concludes that multicultural education as established in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child should be developed further and elaborated in…

  6. Feminism and Multiculturalism: Parallels and Intersections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Amy L.; Constantine, Madonna G.

    2004-01-01

    Increasingly, the psychological literature has begun to address both feminist and multicultural concerns, although these fields have rarely incorporated each others' diverse and vibrant ideas. This article explores the connections between feminist and multicultural psychology, and encourages the profession to more fully embrace and affirm both…

  7. The Course of "Culture" in Multiculturalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonough, Tim

    2008-01-01

    In this essay Tim McDonough analyzes a number of different positions within the ongoing discussion on multicultural education in order to provide a conceptual map of the development of the term "culture." His examination of the discourse begins with liberal multiculturalism; moves through the stages of difference, critical, and poststructural…

  8. 249 Marriage Counselling in Multicultural Society, Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2012-01-24

    Jan 24, 2012 ... The researcher sees Multicultural Counselling as a helping relationship, which involves two or more ... pastors and elders in the counselling profession. Some recommendations were made as ... Multicultural counselling is a helping relationship which involves two or more persons with different culture, ...

  9. Interface between Global Education and Multicultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Ruth E.; And Others

    Today global education and multicultural education are vital as all countries in the world face complex issues in economic, political, and social interdependence. This paper examines the interface between global education and multicultural education as a potential answer of how to prepare students for effective participation in a culturally…

  10. Multicultural Aspects of Library Media Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latrobe, Kathy Howard, Comp.; Laughlin, Mildred Knight, Comp.

    Designed to help library media specialists, as well as administrators, teachers, and parents, develop a greater sensitivity to the multicultural problems and issues that young people face in schools, this collection of essays offers diverse perspectives on multicultural issues in the media program. The four main sections of the book and the essays…

  11. Multicultural Books in Schools: Collection Development Aids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Helen E., Comp.

    1991-01-01

    Presents an annotated bibliography of 16 bibliographic sources and journals to help school library media specialists identify multicultural books and materials for their collections. The ethnic and cultural diversity of public schools' student populations is described, and benefits of multicultural literature are discussed. (nine references) (LRW)

  12. Survey on Services to Multicultural Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivier, Lee; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Reports results of a recent national survey that examined the availability and variety of services provided to multicultural populations by medium and large public libraries. Highlights include measuring multicultural activity; planning for new services; staffing; languages; literacy and English-as-a-Second-Language programs; and barriers to…

  13. Conceptual Strategies for Operationalizing Multicultural Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belay, Getinet

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the trends in multiculturalism research, the importance of cultural diversity in the curriculum, and strategies for operationalizing a multicultural curriculum in library and information science education. Topics addressed include pedagogical methodology, leaning style, and course and program design. (97 references) (EA)

  14. Guiding Young Readers to Multicultural Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton-Johnson, KaaVonia; Dickinson, Gail

    2005-01-01

    Stocking the shelves of library media centers with multicultural literature is not enough, it is important that children are helped to choose the ones that would interest them as reading about various cultures is of great benefit to young readers. The importance of accurately representing to children a multicultural society is emphasized and…

  15. Multiculturalism and Cultural Relativism after the Commemoration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitborde, Lawrence B.

    1993-01-01

    Discussed multiculturalism and culturalism in light of the 1992 quincentennial of the Columbian voyages. Argues that historical accuracy and multiculturalism are not incompatible. Concludes that cultural relativism is necessary to prepare students to live in contemporary U.S. society. (CFR)

  16. Multicultural approaches in psychotherapy: A rejoinder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Jesse; Leach, Mark M; Wampold, Bruce; Rodolfa, Emil

    2010-12-20

    In this rejoinder, the authors address several issues raised by R. L. Worthington and F. R. Dillon (2011) and C. R. Ridley and M. Shaw-Ridley (2011) regarding (a) the measurement of multicultural competencies (MCCs), (b) sampling considerations in multicultural research, and (c) the conceptual frame of multicultural psychotherapy research. The authors challenge the wisdom of exploring MCCs in psychotherapy research and provide a different framework to understand therapists' multicultural effectiveness with clients based on their cultural race/ethnicity. Additionally, the concept of therapists' multicultural orientation or approach is introduced to illuminate the process of aligning with clients about salient cultural issues in psychotherapy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  17. KORELASI ANTARA ISLAM DAN EKONOMI

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    Akmal Zainal Abidin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available CORELATION BETWEEN ISLAM AND ECONOMY. This paper aims to identifies about the correlation between economic and Islam. Islam is the perfect religion that governs all things in life, including the economy. This is evident with the concept of  well-being which is described in the al-Quran and Sunnah. Basically the goal of every human life is to prosper, although humans make sense of  well- being with a different perspective. Most understand economics assume that welfare is the welfare of  earthly material. But to make sense of well-being with the term al-Falah, is meaning holistic wellbeing and balance between material and spiritual dimensions. al-Quran and Sunnah have taught that the human being will be achieved if  living in balance between material and spiritual. This is because human life does not just stop in the life of this world, but there is still a second life that will be faced by humanity in the hereafter, and well-being will be achieved with the truth is that people can balance the needs of the world and the hereafter, and that is what is taught in Islamic economics. Keywords: Islam, Economy, Prosperity. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelasakn tentang korelasi antara ekonomi  dan  Islam.  Islam  adalah  agama  yang  sempurna  yang mengatur segala hal dalam kehidupan ini, termasuk juga ekonomi. Hal ini terbukti dengan konsep kesejahteraan yang dipaparkan dalam al-Quran dan Sunnah. Pada dasarnya tujuan hidup setiap manusia adalah untuk mencapai kesejahteraan, meskipun manusia memaknai kesejahteraan dengan perspektif  yang berbeda-beda. Sebagian besar paham ekonomi menganggap bahwa kesejahteraan adalah kesejahteraan material duniawi. Namun Islam memaknai kesejahteraan dengan istilah  Falah  yang  berarti  kesejahteraan  holistik  dan  seimbang antara dimensi material dan spiritual. Al-Quran dan Sunnah telah mengajarkan bahwa kesejahteraan akan tercapai jika manusia menjalani hidup secara seimbang antara material dan

  18. Strategic Management Process of Islamic Character Development of Early Children in Islamic Kindergarten

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    M Najib

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is a field research by using a qualitative research approach. The purpose in this research is to find steps in strategic management process for development character of early children in Islamic kindergarten of al-Irsyad Purwokerto, Central java, Indonesia. The results showed that the process of strategic management to develop Islamic character of early children is done through four processes. First, processing of observation environmental to develop Islamic character in Islamic kindergarten. Second, strategic formulation process for development an Islamic character of early children in Islamic kindergarten. Third, implementating strategic process for develop an Islamic character of early children in Islamic kindergarten. Fourth, strategic assesment process for develop an Islamic character of early children in Islamic kindergarten. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menemukan langkah-langkah dalam proses manajemen strategik untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di Taman Kanak-kanak (TK Islam al-Irsyad Purwokerto, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa proses manajemen strategik untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam dilakukan melalui empat langkah. Pertama, proses pengamatan lingkungan untuk membentuk karakter Islami anak usia dini di TK Islam. Kedua, proses formulasi strategi untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam. Ketiga, proses penerapan strategi untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam. Keempat, proses penilaian strategik untuk membentuk karakter anak usia dini di TK Islam.

  19. Multicultural supervision: lessons learned about an ongoing struggle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiansen, Abigail Tolhurst; Thomas, Volker; Kafescioglu, Nilufer; Karakurt, Gunnur; Lowe, Walter; Smith, William; Wittenborn, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the experiences of seven diverse therapists in a supervision course as they wrestled with the real-world application of multicultural supervision. Existing literature on multicultural supervision does not address the difficulties that arise in addressing multicultural issues in the context of the supervision relationship. The experiences of six supervisory candidates and one mentoring supervisor in addressing multicultural issues in supervision are explored. Guidelines for conversations regarding multicultural issues are provided. © 2011 American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.

  20. Living Hadis of Tolerance in Multicultural Education: A Leadership Study in Pesantren Al Mukmin Ngruki Sukoharjo Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Matin bin Salman

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Pesantren (Islamic Boarding School Al-Mukmin Ngruki is underestimated by some of Indonesian people. It is considered as the center of radical teachings which has no tolerance to others. But in fact, the values of tolerance can be found in the teaching materials. With bayani and burhani approaches in understanding religious source, pesantren Al-Mukmin persists to implant the values of tolerance to the students in the learning process, such as behave positively toward differences and plurality. The leaders of pesantren make those values as the starting point to strengthen multicultural education in pesantren with role modeling, habituation, attention, and advices in living those values.

  1. Adab Sebagai Politik Hukum Islam

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    Yogi Prasetyo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to know the concept of adab as the politics of Islamic law. Only Islam has the adab to organize people in all spheres of life while still being able to keep up with the times. Islam as a civilized religion wants the good of the world and here after by making human beings as khamil who believe and piety to Allah SWT is evidenced by obedience to His laws as dijelskan in al-Qur’an and Hadith. Adab is a basic principle typical of Islam which contains the values and rules of law that govern human life. Adab contains an inner philosophy of life that explains the lives of the past, present and future. The dimensions of space and time covered in adab can always follow global developments, so that there is an eternal politics of Islamic law as a way for the Islamic law that governs the good of human beings to be the main grip in living life. It is important that the role of adab in the development of the ummah, because it contains about the laws of Allah SWT to regulate acceptable human life and become the main need to practice it, because the goodness that is in it is desired by the whole people. The value contained in it is able to reduce the egoism and fanatic sentiments that are often spread by interested parties. As the politics of Islamic law, adab contains the wisdom of life, contained in it can provide widespread benefit to all mankind.

  2. Negotiating Islam with cinema A theoretical discussion on Indonesian Islamic films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Nuril Huda

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at exploring certain negotiations that justify Muslim’s cinematic texts and practices. It focuses on the questions about what is Islamic and un-Islamic about film, who and what decides certain films as Islamic, and what are the meanings of cinematic practices of Islam for Muslim society. Furthermore, this paper tries to investigate these questions from a theoretical basis using concepts of Islamic modernity, Islamic Ummah and Public, in order to shed some light on the idea of how a production of an Islamic film may trigger the creation of a political and religious identity.

  3. An Islamic Model of Social Life: Legal and Economic Thought in Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Al-Daghistani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article I assert the societal dimension of Islam based on the duality of an Islamic worldview, based on the notion of tewhid, whose foundation is in Islamic law. One component of Islamic law is Islamic economic thought, irrevocably bounded within the Qu’ranic postulates of ethical conduct, founded on a logic contrary to global capitalism, as Max Weber also pointed out. Islamic banking is an expression of contemporary Islamic business ethics, regarded as a conjunction of the financial sector and shari'a-based principles.

  4. The Islamic view on female circumcision

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ali Gomaa

    Muslim societies, the truth is that the Muslim woman has been liberated for centuries under Islamic rule. What is ... equity envisioned by Islam in the social relations between men and women. ..... Educational establishments and media, for.

  5. SAINS ISLAM DALAM DISKURSUS FILSAFAT ILMU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muslih

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Sains Islam sampai saat ini masih terkungkung dalam lingkaran pseudoscience, atau masih pada taraf model justifikasi Bucaillian. Sebagai bangunan keilmuan, sains Islam tentu memiliki basis filosofis. Tulisan ini berupaya mengkaji sains Islam dalam perspektif filsafat ilmu. Dalam perspektif ini, keilmiahan bangunan keilmuan ditentukan oleh ketepatan penggunaan teori dan metodologinya, tanpa mengabaikan sisi sosiologis-historis maupun sisi teologis-metafisis. Jika yang pertama merupakan basis logis dan objektifitas sains, lalu yang kedua merupakan aspek kemanusiaan dari sains, maka yang ketiga adalah basis keyakinan, keimanan, dan keberagamaan dari sains. Dengan ketiga elemen penting tersebut, Sains Islam sebagai sains berbasis agama Islam bisa menjadi ilmiah. Sekalipun demikian, definisi baru Sains Islam sebagai aktivitas ilmiah mesti terus dilanjutkan ke arah “action” dalam bentuk program riset. Dengan begitu, Sains Islam akan menghasilkan temuan-temuan baru, teori baru, metodologi baru, konteks baru, dan seterusnya. Tanpa upaya itu, image pseudosains dan justifikasi Bucaillian akan sulit hilang dari bangunan keilmuan Sains Islam.

  6. Editorial: Local Islam and Current Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Themes in this edition vary ranging from feminism, literature, films, politics, charitable organization, Sufism, to the relation of Islam and Soviet Union, and the relation of a Jewish group and Islam.

  7. TRANSMITTING ISLAM THROUGH STORIES: The Sociology of Production and Consumption of Islam in Novel Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akh. Muzakki

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic novel literature has become a new commodity in Indonesia. This paper examines the Islamic creative and cultural industry in recent development in Indonesia, exploring the Islamic publication through its exploitation of storytelling method as a means of produc­tion and consumption of Islamic commodities. As an object of analysis, it focuses on Islamic novel Ayat-Ayat Cinta. It particularly argues that Islamic publication has extended its capacity as a medium for transmitting religious ideas to producing and consuming economic commodities. It further argues that storytelling appears to be an effective method for both the transmission of Islamic teaching and the production and consumption of Islamic commodities. It maintains that positive responses from the market are not only in the form of purchasing the product of Islamic novel literature, but also in the form of following up the essence of cases in life exploited in stories developed in such an Islamic novel literature.

  8. Pendidikan Islam Berwawasan Multikultural; Sebuah Upaya Membangun Pemahaman Keberagamaan Inklusif pada Umat Muslim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Aji Nugroho

    2016-09-01

    Plural society is a part of sunnatullah, which contributed greatly to the emergence of tension, conflict and social crisis, so that the demands for reform Islamic education system that impressed as a indoctrination of anti realities of multicultural needs to be done on creating a social order that is peaceful, harmonious, uphold humanity, and able to adapt to different groups but still cannot be separated from the roots of culture, religion, identity, in pluralistic society as insān kamīl. Islamic Education aims to present a multicultural conception: 1 remove the prejudice, and to train and build the character of students to be able to be democratic, humanist and pluralist; 2 build understanding of the diversity of students' inclusive to eliminate the social distance between learners of different religions to create true brotherhood; 3 teaches how to live amid pluralism nation; 4 providing protection from discrimination; 5 recognizes accommodation individual freedom of minority groups, such as talking, group, practice religion and so on are rooted in the values of freedom, equality and democracy, so cultural rights of minorities can be accommodated properly, which means that every student has the right to enter into a particular culture, are formed and participate in shaping the culture.

  9. THE GROWTH OF ISLAMIC BANKING IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Fika Fitriasari

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the growth of Islamic banking industry in Indonesia. Islamic banking to perform progressive and strong performance from the banking indicators. Bank Indonesia estimates that the Islamic banking industry will achieve a growth higher than the national banking system in general. In the development of Islamic banking there are still some challenges to be solved especially for a small market share, lack of human resources, and the lack of product developmen...

  10. ONTOLOGI PENDIDIKAN ISLAM : HAKIKAT PENDIDIKAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

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    Muh Mustakim

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Education in Islam covers totality of three aspects of life, namely, ruhiyah (spirit, fikriyah (understanding, brain, and amaliyah (deed, body that are performed gradually in all lines of life. Indonesia government is enthusiastically encouraging a societal-based education, an education that is based on character building. However, ironically we are exposed to a sickness society phenomenon, for example, pornographic video case. The pornographic video was blasphemed and blamed by various society elements, but on the other hand, many people were even hunting for the pornographic video. It proves that our society has no strong moral protective power. Purposes of this article are to know and to prove essence of Islam as a syamil-mutakammil (comprehensive religion in explaining the importance of education in building characters of Islam.

  11. DINAMIKA ISLAM KULTURAL: Studi atas Dialektika Islam dan Budaya Lokal Madura

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    Paisun Paisun

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the history, it is well-known that the ingress and the progress of Islam in Indonesia, especially in Java and Madura, were held almost without any tension and conflict. Even in the societies with some former belief systems such as Animism and Buddhism, Islam was easily accepted as a religion that brings peace within its teachings. During periods, Islam and local cultures perform a dialectical relationship and give rise to local variances of Islam, such as Javanese Islam, Madurese Islam, Sasak Islam, Sundanese Islam, etc. Those variances of Islam are the result of an acculturation process between Islam with the local cultures. In other word, this process is also called as “inculturation”. These local variances of Islam, further termed as the “cultural Islam” in this paper, have become a characteristics of Indonesian Islamic societies phenomenon which are different from Middle-East’s Islamic society and European Islamic society. This paper discusses about the Madurese Islam, one of these cultural Islam’s variances. Dialectical process between Islam and the local culture of Madura in turn generates a unique Madurese Islam, which is distinctive and esoteric. In its further developments, Islam and Madurese tradition are seen as unity and inseparatable, though people can still distinguish one another. This study seeks to uncover and expose the Islamic cultural dynamics that exist and grow in Madura: how big is the change that occurred, in which part, and what factors underlie these changes. This study provides benefit in enriching our scientific study about Indonesian cultural heritage, especially about the dialectical relationship between Islam and Madurese local culture.

  12. ISLAMIC HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A PRELIMINARY FINDING OF ISLAMIC ORGANIZATIONS IN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi

    2010-01-01

    At the moment, there are lots of studies on conventional human resource practices. However, there are quite a few studies done on Islamic human resource practices. Using simple random sampling technique, final copies of questionnaires were sent to 300 Islamic organizations. However, only 114 questionnaires were returned and 111 were usable. These Islamic organizations implement Islamic human resource practices due to Islam; the religion is the way of life, type of their organizations and orga...

  13. On Political Islam in Palestine

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    Egor A. Stepkin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article deals with analyzing the place and the political Islam occupies on the Palestinian territories. The author tries to prove that despite the “Arab spring” and growing popularity of Islamism in the neighbor Arab countries its popular support among Palestinians is low. The main reason for this is Israeli total control of political, economic and - partially - social processes taking place in the West Bank. Position of the officials in Ramallah who together with Tel-Aviv strictly contain spread of Islamism throughout the West Bank also has a strong suppressing effect. Central Palestinian leadership may be called one of the few secular political establishments that are still in power in the Arab countries. The main explanation for this is the desire to make a positive effect on the international community, which Palestine totally depends on in political and financial terms. Also one should keep in mind secular beliefs of the current political elite in Palestine. President Mahmoud Abbas with his counterparts from FATAH and PLO represent old type of Arab nationalist politicians, almost all of who were stripped from power after the beginning of “Arab spring” in 2011. Finally, Palestinian society itself still feels united by the idea of national liberation from the Israeli occupation. This helps Palestinians to put aside the issue of religious self-identification. According to the surveys, most of Palestinians still rank their national identity number while describing their identity, while religion comes only second (despite the strong stable tendency for growing Islamization of their views. The only Palestinian enclave where political Islam has gained ground is isolated Gaza Strip. However ruling there “Islamic Resistance Movement” (HAMAS, despite declared anti-Zionism and Islamism, in reality show pragmatic readiness for certain coordination of its actions with Israel and central government in Ramallah. Nowadays one can

  14. Multicultural and Popular Music Content in an American Music Teacher Education Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jui-Ching; Humphreys, Jere T.

    2009-01-01

    The teaching of multicultural music, and to a lesser extent popular music, has been the stated goal of music education policy makers for many decades. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to estimate the amount and percentage of time music education majors in a university teacher education program spent on 13 styles of music in history,…

  15. Enhancing Cross-Cultural Competence in Multicultural Teacher Education: Transformation in Global Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeberg, Vilma; Minick, Theresa

    2012-01-01

    Teacher education needs to engage teacher candidates in developing cross-cultural competence so that they may be able to transmit global learning to their future students. This study theorizes cross-cultural competence (CCC) from the perspectives of multicultural and global education. During a four-year project at a mid-western US university,…

  16. Information Literacy in the 21st Century Multicultural Classroom: Using Sociocultural Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blas, Elise A.

    2014-01-01

    Sociocultural literacy guides an instructor's pedagogy in the multicultural university classroom. By employing sociocultural literacy in the information literacy classroom, the instruction librarian can better teach students from all cultures including international students, first generation students, or students from a wide array of…

  17. The Comparative Impacts of Social Justice Educational Methods on Political Participation, Civic Engagement, and Multicultural Activism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krings, Amy; Austic, Elizabeth A.; Gutiérrez, Lorraine M.; Dirksen, Kaleigh E.

    2015-01-01

    This cross-sectional, repeated measures, quasi-experimental study evaluates changes in college students' commitment toward, and confidence in, political participation, civic engagement, and multicultural activism. Our sample (n = 653) consisted of college students in a Midwestern university who participated in one of three social justice education…

  18. Politics: An Islamic Perspective

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    Abdul Rashid Moten

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available Muslim societies in all of their social and cultural variety are, as Donald E. Smith points out, ‘organic’ societies characterized by organic religious systems. In these societies, religion tends to permeate all institutions rather than to be differentiated and/or autonomous. The vast body of literature produced since the departure of the colonialists from the Muslim lands suggests, however, either the implicit existence of the dichotomy or at least the feasibility and advisability of radical separation between the spiritual and temporal realms. The seriousness of the issue, evidenced by an outpouring of studies, calls for an examination of the linkage between the two realms through textual (Qur’an and Hadith, intellectual (ideas of Muslim thinkers and historical evidence. Only in such a manner can the dynamics of the relationship between Islam and politics be understood and a determination made of what has changed and what has remained unchanged. This entails, first, an understanding of the meaning and nature of politics from the Western perspective to facilitate a comparison...

  19. TERORISME KONTEMPORER DUNIA ISLAM

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    Sokhi Huda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study is inspired by the problem of claims against terrorism as an expression of momentary interest, activities program, and products of history constructivism. To solve such problem, the study uses a critical historical analysis approach of Karl Rudolf Bultmann. The study concludes that terrorism, as a part of the wholeness of history, has played critical roles, namely the control role to the tyrannical-dominance and the role of ideology actualization. With the provision of institutionalized historical legacy, terrorism is not merely a temporary expression but it penetrates into borders of period of the history. In addition, with an emphasis on problem solving at the contemporary era, terrorism action is charged to provide a momentary response. Conceptual sources of this study are the view of Ahmad Jainuri about the character of terrorism and the view of Diniesh D’Souza on the profile and the main motive of terrorism. Based on evidences, data, and discussions of experts as well the terror doers themselves, the author argues that the essential meaning of terror—as a compelled action—lays in the fact that it is a noble meaning of historical and ideological aspects as well as a transcendent honor, which cross over the boundary of all conditions or all kinds of worldly reward.Keywords: Terrorism, contemporary, Islam, action.

  20. Democracy from Islamic law perspective

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    Mubarak Abdulkadir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is frequently argued that because many Muslim states are monarchies or dictatorships or because of certain events that have taken place within their borders, Islamic law is not compatible with democracy and democracy is even neglected in the provisions of the holy Qur'an. Islamic law, according to what can be traced in its primary sources, not only supports democracy and people's participation in the state affairs but even possesses provisions in the Qur'an verses which encourage counselling and consultation and some scholars deem that to be democratic representation. Islamic Law, according to the provisions of some verses from the holy Qur'an encourages democracy but not liberal democracy like that of the western world. The religious democracy that can go with our modern time and solve many contemporary problems of the Muslim world is the model which was introduced by late Ayatollah Imam Khomeini after the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran. The author in this research work concludes by showing that the ideal democracy enshrined in the holy Qur'an, as the primary source of Islamic law, is not liberal democracy of the western world, but rather a religious democracy.

  1. Sleep from an Islamic perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahammam, Ahmed S

    2011-10-01

    Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allνh (God) and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects of sleep and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a pattern of light and darkness. A mid-day nap is an important practice for Muslims, and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh) promoted naps as beneficial. In accordance with the practice and instructions of Muhammad (pbuh), Muslims have certain sleep habits and these sleep habits correspond to some of the sleep hygiene rules identified by modern science. Details during sleep include sleep position, like encouraging sleep on the right side and discouraging sleep in the prone position. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Islamic literature and Islamic scholars have made significant contributions to theories of dream interpretation. We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature in general and Islamic literature in particular, to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people about the sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer some unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry.

  2. Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdan, Mohammad Naqib; Post, Mark J; Ramli, Mohd Anuar; Mustafa, Amin Rukaini

    2017-04-29

    Cultured meat is a promising product that is derived through biotechnology that partially circumvents animal physiology, thereby being potentially more sustainable, environmentally friendly and animal friendly than traditional livestock meat. Such a novel technology that can impact many consumers evokes ethical, philosophical and religious discussions. For the Islamic community, the crucial question is whether cultured meat is halal, meaning compliant with Islamic laws. Since the culturing of meat is a new discovery, invention and innovation by scientists that has never been discussed by classical jurists (fuqaha'), an ijtihad by contemporary jurists must look for and provide answers for every technology introduced, whether it comply the requirements of Islamic law or not. So, this article will discuss an Islamic perspective on cultured meat based on the original scripture in the Qur'an and interpretations by authoritative Islamic jurists. The halal status of cultured meat can be resolve through identifying the source cell and culture medium used in culturing the meat. The halal cultured meat can be obtained if the stem cell is extracted from a (Halal) slaughtered animal, and no blood or serum is used in the process. The impact of this innovation will give positive results in the environmental and sustain the livestock industry.

  3. Sleep from an islamic perspective

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    Ahmed S BaHammam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sleep medicine is a relatively new scientific specialty. Sleep is an important topic in Islamic literature, and the Quran and Hadith discuss types of sleep, the importance of sleep, and good sleep practices. Islam considers sleep as one of the signs of the greatness of Allβh (God and encourages followers to explore this important sign. The Quran describes different types of sleep, and these correspond with sleep stages identified by modern science. The Quran discusses the beneficial effects of sleep and emphasizes the importance of maintaining a pattern of light and darkness. A mid-day nap is an important practice for Muslims, and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him (pbuh promoted naps as beneficial. In accordance with the practice and instructions of Muhammad (pbuh, Muslims have certain sleep habits and these sleep habits correspond to some of the sleep hygiene rules identified by modern science. Details during sleep include sleep position, like encouraging sleep on the right side and discouraging sleep in the prone position. Dream interpretation is an established science in the Islamic literature and Islamic scholars have made significant contributions to theories of dream interpretation. We suggest that sleep scientists examine religious literature in general and Islamic literature in particular, to understand the views, behaviors, and practices of ancient people about the sleep and sleep disorders. Such studies may help to answer some unresolved questions in sleep science or lead to new areas of inquiry.

  4. Islamic Business Ethics and Islamic Microfinance in Pesantren Gontor

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    Ahmad Lukman Nugraha

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Islam affirms that there stand for mutual affect in business processes, until the business practice as a work field recommended to the adherents; while discussing ethics of business activity poped out to minimize cheating and fraud activities. However, Islamic business ethics felt difficult to apply in practice, especially in the business of buying and selling. Modern Islamic Boarding School “Darussalam” Gontor is one of the self-financing and self-help islamic boarding schools in the economic supported by cooperatives in pesantren (koppontren. This paper aims to comprehensively understand the application of Islamic business ethics and focus on the entrepreneurs in business sectors Gontor La-Tansa’s cooperatives. This research had systematically employed mix method research with sequential explanatory design and case study. Gathering data through using questionnaires, interviews, observation and documentation has been performing analysis through data reduction, data display, and data verification. This paper argues that Gontor La-Tansa’s cooperatives sector can run the business activities with implementing business ethics according to the Qur’an and Sunna values. Appear from the height comprehension of the business to the axiom business ethics and the height application in business activities in each business sector. In addition, the role of kiai and business unit supervisor is high. Data displays a level of the height direction (80 percent and control on the application of business ethics (72 percent. The Islamic business ethics can be applied on firm’s and government’s law with height comprehension and controlling.

  5. Developing Islamic Finance in the Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Mylenko, Nataliya; Iqbal, Zamir

    2016-01-01

    This report was prepared as part of the World Bank engagement in the Philippines to support Islamic Finance and Financial Inclusion. It provides an overview on the context for the development of Islamic finance in the Philippines and is accompanied by two focused reports providing further detail and suggestions on enhancing financial inclusion in the Philippines through Islamic microfinanc...

  6. Islam Is Essential for General Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meacham, Jack

    2015-01-01

    The religion of Islam is often portrayed with false and negative stereotypes. If we expect our students to understand and participate in the global world and to be informed and engaged citizens in a democratic America, then it is essential that they develop a basic and sound understanding of Islam. Furthermore, learning about Islam can facilitate…

  7. Negotiating Justice: American Muslim Women Navigating Islamic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A common challenge my interlocutors faced in divorce was establishing an access to Islamic divorce and a divorce on equitable terms. Using their understanding of Islamic law as a standard for justice, my interlocutors employed both civil law and religio-legal strategies to re-defi ne the terms of Islamic divorce for themselves ...

  8. Teaching the Politics of Islamic Fundamentalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemzadeh, Masoud

    1998-01-01

    Argues that the rise of Islamic fundamentalism since the Iranian Revolution has generated a number of issues of analytical significance for political science. Describes three main models in teaching and research on Islamic fundamentalism: Islamic exceptionalism, comparative fundamentalisms, and class analysis. Discusses the construction of a…

  9. Modelling Approach In Islamic Architectural Designs

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    Suhaimi Salleh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Architectural designs contribute as one of the main factors that should be considered in minimizing negative impacts in planning and structural development in buildings such as in mosques. In this paper, the ergonomics perspective is revisited which hence focuses on the conditional factors involving organisational, psychological, social and population as a whole. This paper tries to highlight the functional and architectural integration with ecstatic elements in the form of decorative and ornamental outlay as well as incorporating the building structure such as wall, domes and gates. This paper further focuses the mathematical aspects of the architectural designs such as polar equations and the golden ratio. These designs are modelled into mathematical equations of various forms, while the golden ratio in mosque is verified using two techniques namely, the geometric construction and the numerical method. The exemplary designs are taken from theSabah Bandaraya Mosque in Likas, Kota Kinabalu and the Sarawak State Mosque in Kuching,while the Universiti Malaysia Sabah Mosque is used for the Golden Ratio. Results show thatIslamic architectural buildings and designs have long had mathematical concepts and techniques underlying its foundation, hence, a modelling approach is needed to rejuvenate these Islamic designs.

  10. CONSUMERS’ PREFERENCE TOWARD ISLAMIC BANKING

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    delta khairunnisa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective - This research aims to provide empirical evidence on the factors motivating consumers to save in Islamic banking.Methods - The one sample t-test is employed to test hypothesis. The validity and the reliability of research variables have been examined.Results - The result proved that consumers’ decision to save in Islamic banking are influenced by economic and religious factors, such as receiving economic benefits, quick services, online facilities, easily reachable locations, and having a better understanding of Islamic principles.Conclusions - The existence of a relationship between economic and religious preference proves that, in making decisions, consumers wish to attain two satisfaction levels: satisfaction in the world and in the hereafter.

  11. Korupsi dalam Kajian Hukum Islam

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    Syamsul Bahri

    2015-12-01

    Corruption in Islamic Law ABSTRACT: Corruption is an action that is categorized in the form of bribery, manipulation etc. Indonesia’s legal study, corruption belongs to the deeds of the offenses set forth in the Act Number 31, 1999 in relation to the Act Number 20, 2001. Form the impact, this action not only affects human morality personality, but also public interest. The damages to all aspects of life are able to create slump values of morality and the most severe social inequality, such as poverty, crime is not severe and more. This causes destruction of the public good and contrary to the purpose Islamic law obedience. As a result, Islam forbids and prohibits such action, and can be rewarded with severe sanctions. This is normative legal research, seeking and finding the source of the laws of literature related to the topic being studied.

  12. What is Islamic architecture anyway?

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    Nasser Rabbat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a critical review of scholarship on Islamic architecture in the last two centuries. It raises methodological and historiographical questions about the field’s formation, development, and historical and theoretical contours through a discussion of the positions of its main figures. One question treated here is that of how to study a culturally defined architectural tradition like Islamic architecture without reducing it to essential and timeless categories. Another question is that of how one is to critique the dominant Western paradigm without turning away from its comparative perspective. But the most important goal of the article is to reclaim the assumed temporal boundaries of Islamic architecture – Late Antiquity as a predecessor and modernism as a successor – as constitutive forces in its evolution and definition.

  13. The birth of a multicultural funeral home.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Pijl, Yvon

    2017-01-01

    In 2014, the Dutch Funeral Organization Yarden started with the participatory preparations for a multicultural funeral home. The project aims at a 24/7 service for the super-diverse population of Amsterdam and beyond. This article gives an ethnographic account of Yarden's efforts to capture cultural diversity. It explores how a multicultural gaze creates a power/knowledge dynamic producing new discourses and shaping new layers of significance. The study then turns into arguing that the birth of the multicultural home is, above all, a cultural, collaborative search leaving (counter-discursive) space for creativity, change, and cultural renewal of all actors involved.

  14. An educator's perspective on the emerging Cuba and multiculturalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Carla D

    2006-01-01

    Plagued by many years of frequent leadership changes, and influences from power brokers whose policies and politics were oftentimes detrimental to Cuba's emerging as an industrialized and diverse economy nation, Cuba is now attempting to move beyond the survival mode. After the symbiotic relationship between the Soviet Union was dismantled in the 90s, Cuba is now undergoing metamorphoses of growth and change, socially, politically and culturally, while still remaining a mixture of worlds both rural and urban. This narrative article describes the multicultural experiences that an American university professor recently experienced while visiting Cuba.

  15. KAJIAN KRITIS TENTANG AKULTURASI ISLAM DAN BUDAYA LOKAL

    OpenAIRE

    M. Arsad AT

    2012-01-01

    Islam came to archipelago (Indonesia) could not be separated from the shades where Islam was born. However, Islam that was brought to Indonesia adapted with the local culture. The process of compounding between Islamization and acculturation, made Islam in the archipelago easily accepted by society. There is no resistance, except reception. If there is a modifications, it is no more than the injection of Islamic values in a tradition that have been there. In its development, the Islamic archi...

  16. Mencermati Sejarah Perkembangan Filsafat Islam

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    A. Khudori Soleh

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Although acknowledged that Greek philosophy gave great influence on the development of Islamic philosophy, but philosophy of Islam are not based on it, because; (1 to learn does not necessarily reflect a repetition, (2 every thought is not separated from their cultural context, (3 the real fact shows that Islamic rational thinking has established before the arrival of Greek philosophy. If so, where Islamic philosophical thought come from? The answer is from the Islamic tradition itself, from scientists who attempt to explain the teachings of the Muslim holy book. There are three measures relevant to philosophical reasoning: ta’wil method, explanation of musytarak meaning, and qiyâs. In addition, the demands on theological issues, to harmonize the views that seem contradictory and complex, for further systematized it in an integral metaphysical idea. From there developed methods and philosophical thought in Islam, long before the arrival of Greek philosophy through the process of translation. First of all it was accepted because it is needed to answer new problems which require rational thinking, then it was declined at the time of Ibn Hanbal because there are certain cases which considered deviant, it was developed again in the time of al-Farabi and Ibn Sina, then rejected and considered to cause disbelief in the al-Ghazali era, and it was developed again at the Ibn Rushd, then change lanes to work together with Sufism in the time of Suhrawardi and Ibn Arabi. Finally, tradition of philosophical thought in the Sunni world does not grow up but remains develop well within the Shiite community.

  17. Konsep Pengelolaan Air Dalam Islam

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    zahra zainun nisa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Water is a long-life necessity that must be maintained for its sustainability. However, at present, various water resources problems have occurred in various countries. This study aims to find the concept of water resources management in Islam. This research type is library research with constant comparative method for data analysis. From the analysis, it can be understood that, Islam as a complete religion can be a source of water resource management concept to be implemented in life. For the sake of good water resources, water management must be holistic. An ethical-religious, social and economic approach that involving all human components is really essential.

  18. STUDI ISLAM TENTANG AKHLAK KONSELOR

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    Rosniati Hakim

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Among the main characteristics of good Muslims, based on the Quran, is good behavior or conduct (akhlaq.  It is a basic Islamic teaching that must be understood, internalized, and practiced in daily lives either personally or in society. It is said that akhlaq is like an endless sea.  It cannot be separated with the other dimensions; it is in accord with thoughts, action and words, between commanding and keeping away of something.  A Muslim counselor has to have Islamic conduct as reflected in God’s characters, as well as character and conducts of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him.

  19. Psychoanalysis, Islam, and the other of Liberalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massad, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the terms and methods used by psychoanalytic authors to explain and understand something they other as "Islam." The paper engages critically and psycho-analytically with these authors' attempts to read "Islam" psychoanalytically, and finds that more often than not they subject it to liberal principles that are not defined in psychoanalytic terms. Focusing on the work of Tunisian author Fethi Benslama, the paper analyses and deconstructs certain key semantic and conceptual confusions of "Islam" and "Islamism" that are manifest in the general psychoanalytic literature on "Islam".

  20. Aligning Islamic Spirituality to Medical Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainuddin, Zainul Ibrahim

    2017-10-01

    This paper attempts to conceptualize Islamic spirituality in medical imaging that deals with the humanistic and technical dimensions. It begins with establishing an understanding concerning spirituality, an area that now accepted as part of patient-centred care. This is followed by discussions pertaining to Islamic spirituality, related to the practitioner, patient care and the practice. Possible avenues towards applying Islamic spirituality in medical imaging are proposed. It is hoped that the resultant harmonization between Islamic spirituality and the practice will trigger awareness and interests pertaining to the role of a Muslim practitioner in advocating and enhancing Islamic spirituality.

  1. Research based instruction in the teaching of islamic education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asyafah, Abas

    2014-01-01

    In an effort to produce skilled and competent graduates, Indonesia University of Education with its motto of "producing knowledgeable, educated and religious human-beings", considers the development of required scientific attitudes, good behaviour, and strong religious values of students as an integral and important component needed to develop students' noble character and their intellectual ability. Developing such qualities requires innovative teaching and learning techniques which are enjoyable and able to motivate students. In this paper, the author seeks to answer four(4) questions: 1. How can one plan a research-based instruction for an Islamic education seminar course? 2. What are the steps considered in research-based instruction for a seminar course? 3. How is the evaluation of research-based instruction in an Islamic education seminar course? And 4. What are the weaknesses and strength of the research based instruction model in regard to facilitating an Islamic education seminar? To establish an appropriate answer to these questions, the author has used a descriptive-qualitative approach. The data have been obtained through observation, interviews and a study of relevant documents. The findings reveal that the implementation of an instruction research-based model is appropriate and applicable in the teaching of Islamic education seminar course. The study concludes that instruction research based model has the capacity to engage students and it is able to improve their problem solving skills in daily life.

  2. Islam, Islamism, and Democratic Values. Footnotes. Volume 11, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2006-01-01

    On May 6-7, 2006 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 16 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about Islam. Speakers were drawn from the disciplines of religious studies, anthropology, political science, history, law, and journalism. The institute, held in Bryn Mawr, Pa., was…

  3. Psikoanalisa Islam, Menggali Struktur Psikis Manusia dalam Perspektif Islam

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    Lalu Heri Afrizal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengaruh Teori Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud dalam kajian psikologi modern cukup dominan mewarnai ilmu pengetahuan secara umum yang berbicara tentang manusia, seperti kedokteran, filsafat, agama, seni, sastra, antropologi, maupun politik. Padahal teori-teori Freud tentang konsep manusia, yang menjadi basis utama dalam mengkaji prilaku dan kejiwaan manusia, sangat dipengaruhi oleh doktrin ateisme yang dianutnya. Kondisi ini tentu sangat memprihatinkan. Sebab, ketika psikologi semacam ini diajarkan dan diyakini oleh umat Islam yang belum sadar terhadap paradigma psikologi modern, maka akan menjadi masalah. Padahal doktrin-doktrin di dalamnya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam. Sementara itu, kajian-kajian ilmuwan Muslim kontemporer mengenai hal ini belum banyak mewarnai. Oleh karena itu,sangat diperlukan kajian mendalam mengenai ilmu psikologi yang berbasis pandangan hidup Islam, sehingga ditemukan konsep manusia yang utuh dan islami. Tulisan ini mencoba mengkaji permasalahan psikologi melalui kajian tematis-analitis terhadap teks-teks al-Qur’an dan al-Hadits. Sebagai perbandingan, kajian dimulai dengan mengungkap konsep manusia menurut Psikoanalisa Sigmund Freud, kemudian disusul pembahasan tentang struktur psikis manusia menurut Islam.

  4. CURRICULUM, ISLAMIC UNDERSTANDING AND RADICAL ISLAMIC MOVEMENTS IN INDONESIA

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    Husniyatus Salamah Zainiyati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to argue several things. The first is that the educational institutions can play two roles within the context of transmitting Islamic understanding; either to preach the tolerance or in contrast the radicalism. The second is that the teachers affiliated to certain radical movements often fall in to corrupt practices by abusing the school curriculum, which actually is aimed at providing guideline for the teachers of Islamic Religion in order to promote characters of students in line with the values of Indonesia Islam. The third is that the condition and the environment of schools tend to allow the room for the deployment process of radical movements in Indonesia. This article will explore issues on the relationship between school curriculum and radicalism, the transmission of Islamic understanding as well as possible solutions for overcoming the spread of radicalism. In conclusion, this article will reinforce ideas that teachers are the most important instruments within the curriculum implementation. In this regards, it is important to note that curriculum in its various forms is just a text and hence the teachers are the ones really determine the ways in which it is being read and interpreted. It is suggested then that there is a duty that should be performed by the government to strengthen their ideology based on the country national guidelines embraced by Muslims in Indonesia.

  5. THE POSITION OF ISLAM NUSANTARA IN GEOPOLITICAL DINAMYCS OF ISLAMIC WORLD

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    Abdul Chalik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Peranan Islam Nusantara dalam Dinamika Geopolitik Dunia Islam. Tulisan ini berangkat dari kegelisahan terhadap lahirnya ISIS, sebuah gerakan sosial politik yang lebih ekstrim dibandingkan dengan pendahulunya, al-Qaeda. Satu sisi, organisasi ini tidak saja membuat Barat ketakutan atas segala sepak terjangnya, terutama pasca teror Paris di pertengahan Nopember 2015, pada sisi yang lain juga menciderai perasaan umat Islam karena dianggap mendompleng atas nama agama (Islam—sementara perilakunya berlawanan dengan ajaran Islam. Secara geopolitik posisi dunia Islam mengalami dilema; satu sisi harus berhadapan dengan Muslim sendiri sementara pada sisi yang lain harus bersinergi dengan kekuatan asing untuk melawan bangsa atau saudara sendiri. Berbeda dengan Islam ala ISIS atau al-Qaeda yang bercorak ekstrim dan eksklusif, Islam Nusantara berpandangan sebaliknya. Artikel ini ditulis dengan metode ekploratif deskriptif—dengan menyajikan persoalan dunia Islam saat ini dan hubungannya dengan ideologi Islam Nusantara yang sedang dibangun.

  6. Kompetisi dan Strategi Pengembangan Lembaga PAUD Islam Berdaya Saing di TK Islam Al-Irsyad Banyumas

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    Novan Ardy Wiyani

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is aimed at describing the competition as well as the development strategy of the Islamic Kindergarten “Al-Irsyad” as one of competitive Islamic early childhood education institution in Purwokerto. The purpose is to find the pattern of the development strategy of the competitive Islamic early childhood education institution. This sort of institution is expected to be able to compete in achieving righteousness in line with Islamic teachings dedicated to the community. This can be done if the Islamic early childhood education institutions promote competitive excellent service. Furthermore, the rationale lies behind the idea of competitive Islamic early childhood education institutions is to generate competitive advantage within Islamic early education institutions, to improve community’s loyalty as served customer, to create Islamic early childhood institutions which are able to outweigh their competitors while at the same time upholding ethics, as well as Islamic virtues.

  7. Islam Nusantara antara Ortodoksi dan Heterodoksi

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    Akhiyat Akhiyat

    2017-05-01

    Abstrak: Corak keberagamaan masyarakat Indonesia atau Islam Nusantara telah memiliki kekhasan tersendiri. Bentuk yang dapat ditemukan dari perbedaan corak Islam Nusantara dengan negara-negara lain di Timur Tengah, terutama negara asal Islam, Arab Saudi, yaitu dari segi kekhasan khasanah pengalaman dan pengamalan batin masyarakat Indonesia sebagai pemeluknya. Dapat dikatakan bahwa Islam Nusantara adalah Islam sebagai ajaran akhlak dan moral bagi pemeluknya, dan bukan Islam sebagai ideologi yang tidak menghargai pemahaman kelompok lain. Berangkat dari perbedaan corak antara Islam Nusantara dengan Islam dengan negara lain, tidak lepas dari latar belakang historis keberadaan tradisi pengalaman budaya dan kepercayaan religiusitas para pendahulunya. Islam Nusantara yang telah menjadi bagian penting pemeluknya di Indonesia, dilihat dari segi kepatutan masyarakat penganutnya, dapat dikategorikan sebagai “Islam ortodoksi humanis.” Mereka dalam menjalankan Islam senantiasa masih mempertahankan nilai-nilai normatif keberagamaannya, berpegang kepada al-Qur’an dan al-Hadis. Di samping itu, mereka juga menjalankan ajaran historis, yang mana peran nilai-nilai spiritualitas, nilai-nilai batiniah (esoteris dalam agama, terutama nilai-nilai moralitas kemanusiaan telah menjadi prinsip yang sangat urgen dalam kehidupannya. Sebagaimana ritus-ritus yang pada tataran realita kehidupan masyarakatnya, dalam setiap momen ritus kehidupannya tidak lepas dengan yang namanya mengadakan suatu sikap religiusitas (upacara ritus kehidupan, memohon pertolongan kepada sesuatu kekuatan (ghaib di luar dirinya, dalam bahasa agama memohon pertolongan kepada Sang Maha Kuasa, Tuhan pencipta alam.

  8. An economic theory of Islamic finance

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    Mabid Ali Al-Jarhi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose - This paper aims to provide an economic rationale for Islamic finance. Design/methodology/approach - Its methodology is simple. It starts with listing the contributions to economic analysis relevant to the required rationale in the theories of banking, finance, price, money and macroeconomics, to identify the main rationale for Islamic finance. A concise description of the author’s model for an Islamic economic system, within which Islamic finance can be operational, is provided. Findings - The paper finds distinct advantages of Islamic finance, when properly applied within the author’s model. Islamic finance can therefore be a candidate as a reform agenda for conventional finance. It opens the door for significant monetary reform in currently prevalent economic systems. Research limitations/implications - The first limitation of the paper is that the distinct benefits of Islamic finance are all of macroeconomic types which are external to Islamic banking and finance institutions. They are therefore not expected to motivate such institutions to apply Islamic finance to the letter, without regulators interference to ensure strict application. The second limitation is the necessity to set up enabling institutional and regulatory arrangements for Islamic finance. Originality/value - The results are unique as they challenge the received doctrine and provide non-religious rationale for Islamic finance.

  9. ISLAM ABOGE DALAM TRADISI JAWA ALASTUA

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    Sakirman Sakirman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme, adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme. Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut  melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal. Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan  dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.

  10. Bioethics for clinicians: 21. Islamic bioethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daar, Abdallah S.; Khitamy, A.

    2001-01-01

    ISLAMIC BIOETHICS DERIVES FROM A COMBINATION OF PRINCIPLES, duties and rights, and, to a certain extent, a call to virtue. In Islam, bioethical decision-making is carried out within a framework of values derived from revelation and tradition. It is intimately linked to the broad ethical teachings of the Qur'an and the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad, and thus to the interpretation of Islamic law. In this way, Islam has the flexibility to respond to new biomedical technologies. Islamic bioethics emphasizes prevention and teaches that the patient must be treated with respect and compassion and that the physical, mental and spiritual dimensions of the illness experience be taken into account. Because Islam shares many foundational values with Judaism and Christianity, the informed Canadian physician will find Islamic bioethics quite familiar. Canadian Muslims come from varied backgrounds and have varying degrees of religious observance. Physicians need to recognize this diversity and avoid a stereotypical approach to Muslim patients. PMID:11202669

  11. Product Innovation of Islamic Financial Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Rojak Samsudin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article was composed from the fact that the presence of Sharia Financial Institutions (SFC cannot be separated from the existence of Conventional Financial Institutions. Islamic Bank appeared in the midst of the conventional banking development. It certainly gives the impression product of Islamic Bank is seen as the imitation of conventional banking products. The historical analysis shows that the substantive function of banking operations has been practiced since the early days of Islam. Even the profit and lost sharing principle has been applied from transactions Islamic business transactions (Mu'amalah in the ancient Arab, which has been explored in the modern era and also legitimized by the Fatwa of DSN MUI (National Sharia Council of Indonesian Ulama Council (NSC-ICU. This institution is often reinterpreting the concept of Islamic business, including the innovation of Islamic Banking products that are derived from the Quran, the Sunna, and Islamic Jurisprudence (al-Ijtihad.

  12. PEMBARUAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM: TELAAH RETROSPEKTIF DAN PROSPEKTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maidar Maidar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Islamic reform however which be conducted at the moment, should be started through education as education is the key to open the door of modernization. Therefore, the thinkers of Islamic education, Islamic education needs to rethink both retrospective and prospective. Retrospective is about the changes of educational form in the past. While the prospective is about the changing of the educational process in the future, namely the idea and Islamic education reform programs which have the link roots to modernization thought and Islamic civilization as a whole. It has relationship and link to reformation (tajdid that is to revive the Islamic faith. It is the basis of belief that reform movements remain a legitimate part of the original and the description of Islam at the stage of the history.

  13. A multicultural approach to teach sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nídia Sá Caetano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Globalization is a tendency that covers all society perspectives in general, and the high education in particular. The main traditional objective of these institutions was to prepare domestic students with a set of skills. The research competition and universities rankings, as well as the need to reach other publics pushed them towards internationalization. The exchange of students across the UE is a well-known reality which success is largely due to cultural similarities. However, a set of issues raises in importance when students from different cultures are involved. We proposed an International Summer Course with a layout specifically designed to identify those questions. In our experience the class included Korean and Portuguese students in the same proportions to develop some work under the framework of sustainability, a specific theme chosen in order to foster consensus. Aiming at a higher level of internationalization and having in mind that students could gain from an intensive and multicultural experience ISEP organized its first Engineering for Sustainable Development (E4SD Summer Course, in July 2014. This work reports some results from this experience, which included a Problem Based Learning (PBL approach, and points new directions. In fact, PBL seemed to be a way of promoting integration and the inclusion of multiple cultures allowed the analysis of different perspectives which otherwise would not have been considered. On the other hand, all the students had an international experience, in a non native language, which has driven them out of their confort zone.

  14. Occupational stress in the multicultural workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasca, Romana; Wagner, Shannon L

    2011-08-01

    Occupational stress is a well researched topic leading to the development of strong, viable models of workplace stress. However, there is a gap in the literature with respect to the applicability of this research to specific cultural groups, in particular those of immigrant status. The present paper reviews the extant literature regarding occupational stress from a multicultural perspective, evaluates the usefulness for existing models in the multicultural context, and discusses current issues with respect to increasing multiculturalism in the work environment. The authors conclude that workforce diversity is emerging as a pressing issue of organizational life and consequently, that future research needs to continue investigating whether current knowledge regarding workplace stress is fitting with the multicultural diversity of the present-day working population.

  15. A multilingual, multicultural and explanatory music education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A multilingual, multicultural and explanatory music education dictionary for South Africa - using Wiegand's metalexicography to establish its purposes, functions ... dictionary, it will have to contain elements of different types of dictionaries, such as explanatory dictionaries, translation dictionaries, and learner's dictionaries.

  16. Cancer Education Webinars for Multicultural Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    These webinars from NCI are intended to educate multicultural media professionals about the impact of cancer and other diseases on special populations, including African American, Hispanic, Asian American, and American Indian/Alaska Native communities.

  17. Multiculturalism and the Problems of Ethical Relativism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kehoe, John

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the increasing activity among scholars and teachers to develop multicultural textbooks and curriculum materials. Recommends that teachers encourage students to be cultural relativists on all cultural issues except ethical ones. (Author/DB)

  18. Journalism and Islam in Indonesia and Malaysia: Five Approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Steele, Janet

    2014-01-01

    Although the principles of journalism –truth, verification, balance, and independence from power– are arguably universal, they are interpreted through the prisms of local culture.  Five news organizations in Indonesia and Malaysia suggest a variety of approaches to understanding the relationship between journalism and Islam. Whereas writers at Indonesia’s Sabili magazine were selected based on their experience in the tarbīyah or education movement, at Republika (an Indonesian newspaper establ...

  19. INDONESIA: FROM PLURALISM TO MULTICULTURALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wasino Wasino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia was not a new entity when started to become national country. It was called a continuation of the history of the Dutch East Indies. The people lived under western colonial was a pluralistic society, people separated by social class, ethnicity, religion, race and inter-group. Between the authorities and the people separated along racial lines. In addition there was the separation of ethnic groups associated with the economic, educational and social relations. After Indonesian independence the pluralistic society situation continues. The end of the New Order has opened a Pandora's Box of poor relations between ethnic and inter-religious. As a result many conflicts occurred based on religious and ethnic differences. The conflict heated up as the influx of political interests. The process of political reform gave birth to a new awareness of the relationship between ethnicity and religion. The starting point of this change was when the President Abdurrahman Wahid unlocked barriers on multicultural relationship that respects the differences of cultural orientation among the existing ethnic. From that moment the concept of multiculturalism experienced socialization process within Indonesian society. Key words: pluralism, multiculturalism, colonial, new order, socialization Ketika Indonesia lahir sebagai negara nasional, Indonesia bukanlah  entitas yang baru. Ia merupakan kelanjutan  sejarah dari masyarakat yang disebut Hindia Belanda. Masyarakat di bawah penjajah Barat ini merupakan masyarakat majemuk, masyarakat yang terpisah-pisah berdasarkan kelas sosial, suku, agama, ras, dan antar golongan. Antara penguasa dan rakyat terpisah secara garis rasial. Selain itu ada pe-misahan suku bangsa terkait dengan ekonomi, pendidikan, dan hubungan-hubungan sosial. Setelah Indonesia merdeka situasi masyarakat majemuk terus berlangsung. Berakhirnya Orde Baru telah membuka kotak pandora  buruknya hubungan antar etnik dan antar agama. Akibatnya

  20. Corporate social responsibility in Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Elasrag, Hussein

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to review the Islamic principles of CSR, and the definition of a structured social corporate responsibility (CSR), and based on this responsibility. And provide a practical through the international financial institutions that can implement CSR policies framework. This study provides the basis of social responsibilities that apply to those derived from divine sources of international financial institutions.