WorldWideScience

Sample records for invoices

  1. Electronic Approval of Invoices (AEF)

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    With a view to the simplification of administrative procedures, AS and FI Departments have completed the second phase of the new procedure for the electronic approval of invoices via the EDH application. The aim of this new procedure is to rationalise the invoice approval process, notably by eliminating paper copies from the approval circuit. This will simplify the processing of invoices and facilitate their timely settlement, while at the same time maintaining a high level of security. Phase II includes handling the electronic approval process of invoices whose amounts do not correspond exactly to those of the associated orders. In such cases, budgetary approval is required for the entire invoiced amount. Further information can be obtained at : http://ais.cern.ch/projs/AEF/help/F_help.htm Phase II of the procedure will be introduced gradually with effect from April 2004. Finance Department, Accounts Payable Section Tel: 72295 Organisation and Procedures Tel: 75885 Information Technologies Department,...

  2. 19 CFR 142.6 - Invoice requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) ENTRY PROCESS Entry Documentation § 142.6 Invoice requirements. (a) Contents. The commercial invoice, or the documentation acceptable in place of a commercial invoice in those instances listed in... authorized. The commercial invoice or other acceptable documentation shall contain: (1) An adequate...

  3. Electronic Approval of Invoices (AEF)

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    With a view to the simplification of administrative procedures, AS and FI Divisions have drawn up a new procedure for the electronic approval of invoices via the EDH application. The aim of this new procedure is to rationalise the invoice approval process, notably by eliminating paper copies from the approval circuit. This will simplify the processing of invoices and facilitate their timely settlement, while at the same time maintaining a high level of security. This new procedure, in its current phase, will be gradually implemented from 1 November 2003 onwards. For clarification and further information, please see: http://ais.cern.ch/projs/AEF/help/help.htm . Finance Division, Accounts Payable Tel.: 7.22.95

  4. Electronic Invoicing: More than Just VAT Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Edwin JACOBS

    2004-01-01

    European legislation facilitates that companies start using electronic invoicing. The aim of the European E-invoice Directive was to introduce some uniform rules regarding VAT throughout the European Union. Some other important legal aspects, such as the probative value of an e-invoice, endorsement, e-invoices in bankruptcy proceedings, remain often unexamined. EU Member State law can be construed and interpreted according to the European Directives, for legal issues not covered by the E-invo...

  5. Enterprise’ E-invoicing Adoption in China

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Xiaofan

    2015-01-01

    This master thesis is an empirical investigation project that has been carried out in cooperation with Trustweaver AB. The purpose is to identify the key factors that influence the adoption of electronic invoicing in Chinese enterprises. A background study on global e-invoicing adoption and current e-invoicing development in China is conducted. A research model integrated by the diffusion of innovation theory, the technology, organization, and environment framework and Iacovou et al. (1995) m...

  6. Adoption and use of e-invoicing in Greece

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marinagi, C., E-mail: marinagi@teihal.gr, E-mail: ptrivel@yahoo.com, E-mail: preklitis@yahoo.com; Trivellas, P., E-mail: marinagi@teihal.gr, E-mail: ptrivel@yahoo.com, E-mail: preklitis@yahoo.com; Reklitis, Panagiotis, E-mail: marinagi@teihal.gr, E-mail: ptrivel@yahoo.com, E-mail: preklitis@yahoo.com [Technological Educational Institute of Sterea Ellada, Department of Logistics Management, 1st km of Old National Roal Thiva-Elefsis-32200, Thiva (Greece); Skourlas, C., E-mail: cskourlas@teiath.gr [Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Department of Informatics, Ag. Spyridonos, Aigaleo-12210, Athens (Greece)

    2015-02-09

    This paper investigates the adoption and use of electronic invoices (e-invoices) in Greek organizations. The study attempts to evaluate current practices applied in implementing e-invoicing. A field research has been conducted, which is based on a structured questionnaire. The target sample consisted of 42 Greek enterprises. The main issues of the investigation include the existing invoice processing practices, the barriers that prevent the extended adoption and use of e-invoicing, the observed benefits from e-invoicing implementation, and the strategic drivers for transition to e-invoicing. Currently, the use of e-invoicing in Greece is low. However, the research results testify that the adoption of e-invoicing in Greece is promising. Even though, a number of enterprises state that benefits of e-invoicing are not clear yet, the majority of enterprises agree that there are crucial financial priorities that e-invoicing is expected to support.

  7. Adoption and use of e-invoicing in Greece

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marinagi, C.; Trivellas, P.; Reklitis, Panagiotis; Skourlas, C.

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the adoption and use of electronic invoices (e-invoices) in Greek organizations. The study attempts to evaluate current practices applied in implementing e-invoicing. A field research has been conducted, which is based on a structured questionnaire. The target sample consisted of 42 Greek enterprises. The main issues of the investigation include the existing invoice processing practices, the barriers that prevent the extended adoption and use of e-invoicing, the observed benefits from e-invoicing implementation, and the strategic drivers for transition to e-invoicing. Currently, the use of e-invoicing in Greece is low. However, the research results testify that the adoption of e-invoicing in Greece is promising. Even though, a number of enterprises state that benefits of e-invoicing are not clear yet, the majority of enterprises agree that there are crucial financial priorities that e-invoicing is expected to support

  8. Adoption and use of e-invoicing in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinagi, C.; Trivellas, P.; Reklitis, Panagiotis; Skourlas, C.

    2015-02-01

    This paper investigates the adoption and use of electronic invoices (e-invoices) in Greek organizations. The study attempts to evaluate current practices applied in implementing e-invoicing. A field research has been conducted, which is based on a structured questionnaire. The target sample consisted of 42 Greek enterprises. The main issues of the investigation include the existing invoice processing practices, the barriers that prevent the extended adoption and use of e-invoicing, the observed benefits from e-invoicing implementation, and the strategic drivers for transition to e-invoicing. Currently, the use of e-invoicing in Greece is low. However, the research results testify that the adoption of e-invoicing in Greece is promising. Even though, a number of enterprises state that benefits of e-invoicing are not clear yet, the majority of enterprises agree that there are crucial financial priorities that e-invoicing is expected to support.

  9. 19 CFR 141.83 - Type of invoice required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Commercial invoice. (1) A commercial invoice shall be filed for each shipment of merchandise not exempted by paragraph (d) of this section. The commercial invoice shall be prepared in the manner customary in the trade... required by § 141.61(e) to be given on the entry, entry summary, or withdrawal documentation. (2) The port...

  10. 19 CFR 141.86 - Contents of invoices and general requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... pages—(1) Invoices. Except when electronic invoice data are transmitted to CBP under the provisions of..., beginning with No. 1. (2) Pages. Except when electronic invoice data are transmitted to CBP under the...) Both invoices and pages. Except when electronic invoice data are transmitted to CBP under the...

  11. Processing Accounts Payable Invoices. Student Manual and Instructor's Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElveen, Peggy C.

    Supporting performance objective 38 of the V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States) Secretarial Catalog, both a set of student materials and an instructor's manual on processing accounts payable invoices are included in this packet, which is one of a series. The student materials include ten invoices and receiving documents and…

  12. Government as a launching customer for eInvoicing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arendsen, R.; van de Wijngaert, Lidwien; Janssen, Marijn; Scholl, Hans J.; Wimmer, Maria A.; Tan, Yoa-hua

    2011-01-01

    The invoice is an important business document. Despite a large number of convincing arguments, overall adoption rates of electronic invoicing disappoint. Several European countries try to accelerate diffusion speed, some by law, others by stimulating market drivers. This paper focuses on the

  13. 19 CFR 141.85 - Pro forma invoice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to the best of my knowledge and belief, and are based upon: (Check basis with an “X”) (a) The price... Importers Statement Of Value Or The Price Paid In The Form Of An Invoice Not being in possession of a commercial seller's or shipper's invoice I request that you accept the statement of value or the price paid...

  14. 75 FR 71717 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Commercial Invoice... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Commercial Invoice. This is a proposed extension of an... electronic mail to [email protected] or faxed to (202) 395-5806. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: U.S...

  15. Computer Security: “New_invoice.zip”

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2015-01-01

    Thanks for reading this. But I wonder, what do you expect? Why did this generic title catch your interest? Of course, you might read our articles on a regular basis and it is the “Computer Security:” that brought you here. But still, was there anything else? You should stop reading here... unless you believe this text is meant for you. Or if you are curious. Or if you expect to learn something. Actually, that’s it. “New_invoice.zip” taught more than 40 people at CERN a lesson... the hard way.   “New_invoice.zip” was the name of an attachment to a rather blunt e-mail sent directly to many of our dear colleagues. Others received the e-mail via mailing lists like “it-dep”. The subject of the mail was “invoice” and its message read “Check the document” (see Image 1). The recipient list was vast and full of many different, not necessarily connected names. Clicking on t...

  16. THE ENHANCEMENT OF BUSINESS INFORMATION FLOW THROUGH E-INVOICING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PĂCURARI DOINA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available E-invoicing represents a solution for making the business management more efficient and for protecting the environment. The technologies available at present allow us to solve the potential problems related to the authorization of the invoices within the company, as well as to deal more conveniently with other documents issued in electronic formats. Moreover, the electronic invoicing and the archiving of the documents can be outsourced, as the solutions under cloud are very promising. Our paper approaches the advantages of e-invoicing, the recommendations of the European Commission with respect to the use of the electronic invoice and their implementation in the EU member states legislation, with a strong focus on the case of Romania.

  17. CloudScan - A Configuration-Free Invoice Analysis System Using Recurrent Neural Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palm, Rasmus Berg; Winther, Ole; Laws, Florian

    2017-01-01

    We present CloudScan; an invoice analysis system that requires zero configuration or upfront annotation. In contrast to previous work, CloudScan does not rely on templates of invoice layout, instead it learns a single global model of invoices that naturally generalizes to unseen invoice layouts. ...

  18. Invoice/disc as for HANDI 2000 business management system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, D.

    1998-08-24

    Fluor Daniel Hanford provides a hard copy invoice to DOE-RL summarizing the cost incurred, all cost accruals, and cost accrual reversals, and transfers. A disc invoice file is also submitted to RL which is backup to the hard copy. The file format is consistent with guidance provided by RL Financial Management Division. Cost, accrual and reversal amount will be reported by the codes identified in the Distribution of Obligations Report issued by the Contracting Officer.

  19. Drivers and barriers to e-invoicing adoption in Greek large scale manufacturing industries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marinagi, Catherine; Trivellas, Panagiotis; Reklitis, Panagiotis; Skourlas, Christos

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to investigate the drivers and barriers that large-scale Greek manufacturing industries experience in adopting electronic invoices (e-invoices), based on three case studies with organizations having international presence in many countries. The study focuses on the drivers that may affect the increase of the adoption and use of e-invoicing, including the customers demand for e-invoices, and sufficient know-how and adoption of e-invoicing in organizations. In addition, the study reveals important barriers that prevent the expansion of e-invoicing, such as suppliers’ reluctance to implement e-invoicing, and IT infrastructures incompatibilities. Other issues examined by this study include the observed benefits from e-invoicing implementation, and the financial priorities of the organizations assumed to be supported by e-invoicing

  20. 48 CFR 1232.7002 - Invoice and voucher review and approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contractor to submit an invoice or voucher in order to receive payment under the contract. The invoice or..., Public Voucher for Purchases and Services Other Than Personal (Continuation Sheet), to request payments... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Invoice and voucher review...

  1. Has the Euro Affected the Choice of Invoicing Currency?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ligthart, J.E.; Werner, S.E.V.

    2010-01-01

    We present a new approach to study empirically the effect of the introduction of the euro on currency invoicing. Our approach uses a compositional multinomial logit model, in which currency choice depends on the characteristics of both the currency and the country. We use unique quarterly panel data

  2. Electronic Invoice in Costa Rica: Challenges for Its Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez-Jiménez, Juan José; De La O-Selva, Mario; Cortés-Morales, Roberto

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the current situation that Costa Rica faces around fiscal issues and high evasion rates. Using actors and multidimensional analysis, it proposes the electronic invoice as an e-government strategic solution that will close the gap around tax evasion and the government incomes. The success achieved by Brazil in this area…

  3. Currency Invoicing in International Trade : A Panel Data Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ligthart, J.E.; Da Silva, J.

    2007-01-01

    The paper empirically investigates the determinants of currency invoicing in Dutch goods trade with OECD countries. To this end, a currency-share systems approach is employed, which is applied to quarterly panel data for 1987–1998. One of the key findings is that a country’s share of producer

  4. Challenges for Electronic invoicing systems: A quantitative study of Vietnamese SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Ngo, Hoang

    2013-01-01

    Alongside the traditional paper invoice, there is another type of invoice that has been around for over a decade but is less popular and less known to firms – the electronic invoice. Today, the e-invoice has gained the attention of many countries in, for example the EU, and Latin America, owing to its major cost saving and increased productivity benefits. In Vietnam, there have been regulations on e-invoices but firms do no show much interest in the system. So far, there have not been any stu...

  5. A New Pixels Flipping Method for Huge Watermarking Capacity of the Invoice Font Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Invoice printing just has two-color printing, so invoice font image can be seen as binary image. To embed watermarks into invoice image, the pixels need to be flipped. The more huge the watermark is, the more the pixels need to be flipped. We proposed a new pixels flipping method in invoice image for huge watermarking capacity. The pixels flipping method includes one novel interpolation method for binary image, one flippable pixels evaluation mechanism, and one denoising method based on gravity center and chaos degree. The proposed interpolation method ensures that the invoice image keeps features well after scaling. The flippable pixels evaluation mechanism ensures that the pixels keep better connectivity and smoothness and the pattern has highest structural similarity after flipping. The proposed denoising method makes invoice font image smoother and fiter for human vision. Experiments show that the proposed flipping method not only keeps the invoice font structure well but also improves watermarking capacity.

  6. A new pixels flipping method for huge watermarking capacity of the invoice font image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li; Hou, Qingzheng; Lu, Jianfeng; Xu, Qishuai; Dai, Junping; Mao, Xiaoyang; Chang, Chin-Chen

    2014-01-01

    Invoice printing just has two-color printing, so invoice font image can be seen as binary image. To embed watermarks into invoice image, the pixels need to be flipped. The more huge the watermark is, the more the pixels need to be flipped. We proposed a new pixels flipping method in invoice image for huge watermarking capacity. The pixels flipping method includes one novel interpolation method for binary image, one flippable pixels evaluation mechanism, and one denoising method based on gravity center and chaos degree. The proposed interpolation method ensures that the invoice image keeps features well after scaling. The flippable pixels evaluation mechanism ensures that the pixels keep better connectivity and smoothness and the pattern has highest structural similarity after flipping. The proposed denoising method makes invoice font image smoother and fiter for human vision. Experiments show that the proposed flipping method not only keeps the invoice font structure well but also improves watermarking capacity.

  7. The Analysis of Financial Invoice Automation System (IAS Based on the Effectiveness and Efficiency in Invoice Processing at the Procurement Department: a Case Study of Company Perintis Mandiri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choirul Anwar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Financial invoice processing is an important part of Company Perintis Mandiri’s daily business. Today, to catch up the advance of technology development, Company Perintis Mandiri has applied a new financial automatic invoice system called IAS. The scope of this research is the effectiveness and efficiency issues arose from the conversion of financial invoice processing system, from manual to automatic, and the significant differences between them. The research method used is qualitative method, study case approach. To present an objective data analysis, the writer analyzes the internal control of the financial invoice processing systems with COSO theory as the reference, by conducting interviews to the respondents. The writer also analyzes the effectiveness and efficiency between the manual and the automatic system by using a simple numerical measurement. At the end, the result of this research is important to be recognized as an input to develop, maintain, and evaluate the current financial invoice processing system used by Company Perintis Mandiri.

  8. The Influence of Electronic Invoice on Tax Collection and Tax Reform in China

    OpenAIRE

    Bin, Zhang; Shuhua, Wang

    2018-01-01

    Popularization and application of electronic invoice are closely related to the development of global e-commerce and the advent of the digital economy era. The article explores the use of electronic invoice in European Union and China’s Taiwan region and China. The research perspectives of electronic invoices in China and other countries are diverse. These studies have certain forward-looking and systematic character, and put forward a lot of suggestions and measures for the application and m...

  9. 19 CFR 141.82 - Invoice for installment shipments arriving within a period of 10 days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... installment, and the car number or other identification of the importing conveyance in which it was shipped..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE Invoices § 141... consignee may be included in one invoice if the installments arrive at the port of entry by any means of...

  10. 75 FR 62185 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-07

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and...-0103. c. Application for Adaptive Equipment Motor Vehicle, VA Form 10- 1394. d. Prosthetic Authorization for Items or Services, VA Form 10-2421. e. Prosthetic Service Card Invoice, VA Form 10-2520. f...

  11. 78 FR 58609 - Agency Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and Services...: VA Desk Officer; 725 17th St. NW., Washington, DC 20503 or sent through electronic mail to oira... Invoice, VA Form 10-2520. (f) Prescription and Authorization for Fee Basis Eyeglasses, VA Form 10-2914...

  12. 78 FR 18613 - Notice of the Implementation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Electronic Vendor Invoice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... Health (NIH) Electronic Vendor Invoice Program (eVIP) SUMMARY: The purpose of this notice is to announce the future implementation of the Electronic Vendor Invoice Program (eVIP) at the National Institutes... policies, procedures, and clauses for implementing prompt payment regulations. Electronic invoice...

  13. Energy National Mediator report on energy provider invoicing, consumer information and complaint treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    As an answer to a mission assigned by the French Ministry of Energy, this document proposes a rather detailed report of the present status of invoicing modalities used by electricity and natural gas providers. It comments several facts and observations: almost all energy invoices contain a share of estimation which is naturally different of the actual consumption; the consumer has, in some cases, an alternative to an estimation-based invoicing; the complexity of energy invoicing is a source of misunderstanding for consumers; the number of complaints is increasing and their treatment is not satisfying. A set of recommendations is formulated to correct these problems, whether by improving the quality of estimations, or by better information of customers, or by improving the treatment of complaints or the relationship with the customer. The report is completed by several appendices containing testimonies and auditions of representatives of customer organisations and of energy providers

  14. Oil market structure, network effects and the choice of currency for oil invoicing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mileva, Elitza; Siegfried, Nikolaus

    2012-01-01

    Crude oil is a homogeneous good traded on specialised exchanges and quoted and invoiced predominantly in US dollars. Despite the strong case for the use of the US dollar as a vehicle currency in the oil trade, we provide an alternative view. We develop a simple network effects model to identify the conditions under which either a complete switch in the oil invoicing currency or parallel invoicing in different currencies is possible and economically sensible. We calibrate the model using low actual values for the transaction costs of using euro and/or US dollars, as well as a proxy for information costs, which decline with the increase in the use of the new currency. The results show that there will be a switch to parallel invoicing in both currencies when two conditions are met: first, oil exporters expect that a certain minimum number of other oil exporters will also start using the new currency; and second, the information costs associated with quoting oil contracts in two currencies are low. - Highlights: ► The US dollar as the dominant currency in the international trade of crude oil. ► We develop a model that treats currencies as network goods. ► The model predicts multiple equilibria with one or two vehicle currencies. ► Calibration shows that a switch to parallel invoicing in two currencies is possible.

  15. Business to Business - Electronic Invoice Processing : A report on the challenges, solutions and outcomes for companies switching from manual to electronic invoice handling

    OpenAIRE

    Matsson, Erik; Dahllöf, Gustav; Nilsson, Julius

    2015-01-01

    Electronic document handling was first used in the automotive industry in the early 1970’s, the way of communicating electronic at the time was concerned with the communication way of EDI (Hsieh, 2004). In the beginning of 2000 a new way of communicating electronic documents was introduced with the emergence of VAN-operators (Hsieh, 2004). This technology of communicating electronic invoices has shown to be less complex for the businesses than the previous EDI connections. The VAN-operators e...

  16. 21 CFR 1312.27 - Contents of special controlled substances invoice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... consumption within the importing country to satisfy medical, scientific or other legitimate purposes, and that... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contents of special controlled substances invoice. 1312.27 Section 1312.27 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE...

  17. 19 CFR 24.34 - Vouchers; vendors' bills of sale; invoices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that the above bill is correct and just and that payment has not been received. Vouchers, vendors... employee, in which case the voucher may be in the name of the officer or employee who made the payment. (c... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vouchers; vendors' bills of sale; invoices. 24.34...

  18. ICT Enabling More Energy Efficient Processes, Including e-Invoicing as a Case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bomhof, F.W.; Hoorik, P.M. van; Hoeve, M.C.

    2012-01-01

    ICT has the potential to enable a low carbon economy, as pointed out by many studies. One example of the energy (and CO2) saving potential of ICT is illustrated in this chapter: how much energy (and emissions) can be saved if the invoicing process is redesigned? Although there is a net positive

  19. 78 FR 35099 - Proposed Information Collection Activity: [Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection Activity: [Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items... information needed to determine eligibility and authorize funding for various prosthetic services. DATES..., VA Form 10- 1394. (d) Prosthetic Authorization for Items or Services, VA Form 10- 2421. (e...

  20. 75 FR 45206 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and... information needed to determine eligibility and authorize funding for various prosthetic services. DATES... Adaptive Equipment Motor Vehicle, VA Form 10- 1394. c. Prosthetic Authorization for Items or Services, VA...

  1. 75 FR 47680 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Claim, Authorization and Invoice for Prosthetic Items and Services) Activity: Comment Request Correction In notice document 2010-18814 beginning on page 45206 in the...

  2. 48 CFR 245.7101-2 - DD Form 1149, Requisition and Invoice Shipping Document.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Plant Clearance Forms 245.7101-2 DD Form 1149, Requisition and Invoice Shipping Document. Use for transfer and donation of contractor inventory. Donations of industrial plant equipment may be shipped via...

  3. Organizational Aspects of Innovative Paper Digitization and E-Invoicing Services in the Public Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunzio Casalino

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to describe a model of analysis to evaluate and measure real benefits and organizational effects arising from the process of paper digitization and e-invoicing for the Italian Public Administrations. The analysis is focused also on the interaction between citizens, professionals, companies and the Italian public administrations. The approach at the basis of the investigation highlights several critical traits of the digitization activity and delivers an analysis that displays how those difficulties brought forward by motivational and involvement factors. The digital transformation in the Public sector can give several opportunities from the organizational point of view, but at the same time can propose some complex difficulties for the delivering of effective services and for the innovation development.

  4. Project of the new measurement system for energy invoicing - Itaipu Hydroelectric Central; Proyecto del nuevo sistema de medicion de energia para facturacion de la Central Hidroelectrica de Itaipu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montania E, Julio Cesar [Usina Hidroelectrica de Itaipu Binacional, Assuncion (Paraguay)

    2001-07-01

    Itaipu Binacional has taken a decision of executing a technological updating for the energy measurement system through the substitution of the current system by other one equipped with digital devices. The main reasons for that were the following: a) The equipment in operation were of an outdated generation b) The accuracy class of the existing equipment was of 0.5%, but the tendency for invoicing measurements was to install meters with accuracy class of 0.2% in the enterprises c) The requirements of ONS/MAE, in Brazil, which establishes the minimum requisites to be attended by invoicing measurement systems.

  5. A proteção de dados pessoais nos programas de Nota Fiscal: um estudo de caso do “Nota Fiscal paulista” | Protection of personal data in programs for tax-evasion prevention by collecting invoices: the case of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Machado

    2016-11-01

    ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to build a picture of privacy protection in programs that collect invoices to prevent tax evasion. The survey is done by analyzing the active transparency –published in a proactive way by the State Department of Finance – on the program's  home-page. This survey includes information regarding data protection policy, how the information is used, who has access to data, data storage time, information shared with third parties, cooperation with other authorities and the possibility of the consumer deleting his/her data. As a case study, we will analyze the Program Nota Fiscal Paulista, compulsory for outlets located in São Paulo State. Keywords: Data Protection; Privacy; Tax Evasion: Nota Fiscal Paulista.

  6. 48 CFR 1552.232-70 - Submission of invoices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... cumulative amounts claimed by cost element for each work assignment and for the contract total, as well as... request for contract financing payment shall include current and cumulative charges by major cost element... current and cumulative amounts claimed by cost element for each delivery order and for the contract total...

  7. Analysis of operating model of electronic invoice colombian Colombian electronic billing analysis of the operational model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Roberto da Silva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Colombia has been one of the first countries to introduce electronic billing process on a voluntary basis, from a traditional to a digital version. In this context, the article analyzes the electronic billing process implemented in Colombia and the advantages. Methodological research is applied, qualitative, descriptive and documentary; where the regulatory framework and the conceptualization of the model is identified; the process of adoption of electronic billing is analyzed, and finally the advantages and disadvantages of its implementation is analyzed. The findings indicate that the model applied in Colombia to issue an electronic billing in sending and receiving process, is not complex, but it requires a small adequate infrastructure and trained personnel to reach all sectors, especially the micro and business which is the largest business network in the country.

  8. Navy Controls for Invoice, Receipt, Acceptance, and Property Transfer System Need Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-25

    correct a control deficiency with data sent from iR APT to Navy ERP because of resource constraints. As a result, the Nav y increased the risk of...icient use of time and an increased risk of late payments to contractors and errors in Nav y ERP . DODIG-2016-054 │ 11 Finding...the risk of missing documents. In the traditional DoD business method, three documents are required to make a payment: the contract, receiving

  9. The euro as a quotation and invoicing currency in the oil and gas sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swartenbroekz, C.; Pauwels, J.P.

    1999-01-01

    The impact of the introduction of the euro will not be limited to the European economics, but will also have an influence worldwide. Indeed the new currency is really qualified to become an international currency. Under these circumstances, oil and gas sector participants should consider taking the opportunity to make us of he new currency in their transactions. However, even if new opportunities do exist, some opposition could be expressed for operational and geopolitical reasons. (authors)

  10. E-invoicing in EU public procurement as a tool for cross border trade barriers elimination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksandr TSARUK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Public Procurement of goods and services always was one of the principal element of e-procurements because it effects economic growth, describes governments' public services and national competitiveness, level of human capital growth in a long run. Furthermore, researching EU policy on e-procurements demands to observe legislature essence and technological models of e-procurement solutions because none of which has not been developed as the universal one yet. Basic European agreements on public procurements and trade, combining with the currently used public procurement models, force to develop a commonly used framework for all EU countries. Monitoring of EU e-procurement system as model for implementation at Eastern partnerships countries was also suggested.

  11. 19 CFR 143.32 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... electronic capability to transmit detailed CBP Forms 7501 and 3461, and invoice data. (i) Electronic entry... release of goods under immediate delivery. (k) Electronic Invoice Program (EIP). “EIP” refers to modules... includes Automated Invoice Interface (AII) and any other electronic invoice authorized by CBP. (l) Filer...

  12. The development of application for billing of services

    OpenAIRE

    Šinko, Žiga

    2013-01-01

    Diploma is a description of a programming solution for preparing billing invoices of Mikrocop services. Developed system can easily manage billing invoices specifications for all customers and set schedules for generating invoices. These settings are than used by the service module generating invoices on schedule. Generated invoices can be seen and managed with help of Windows Reporting Services technology. First chapter describes services billing in general. Second chapter shortly de...

  13. 16 CFR 301.45 - Representations as to construction of fur products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Representations as to construction of fur products. (a) No misleading nor deceptive statements as to the construction of fur products shall be used directly or indirectly in labeling, invoicing or advertising such..., invoices and advertising. ...

  14. U.S. Transportation Command Needs Further Improvements to Address Performance Concerns Over the Global Privately Owned Vehicle Contract 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-03

    to the QASP, after the COR certifies the invoice , the contractor will submit an electronic file and the hard copy invoice to SDDC. Upon receipt... electronic invoicing system. He added that the alternate process was subsequently formalized in a contract modification and that the former process...requirements and performed in a timely manner. • The CORs certified invoices that did not include unit prices or total billable amount. This

  15. Analisis Penerapan Sistem Elektronik Nomor Faktur (E-nofa) Pajak sebagai Upaya Mencegah Penerbitan Faktur Pajak Fiktif (Studi pada Kantor Pelayanan Pajak Pratama Cikarang Utara)

    OpenAIRE

    Setyawati, Vitriani Ayu

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to determine the implementation of Invoice Numbering Electronic System (e-NOFA) and know the barriers as well as the alternative ways to overcome the barriers of the implementation Invoice Numbering Electronic System (e-Nofa) in an attempt to prevent the issue of fictitious tax invoice. The type of research which is used in this study is descriptive with a qualitative approach. The result of this study is implementation of Invoice Numbering Electronic System on tax office Pra...

  16. „IFS“ ir „ReadSoft“ sistemų integravimo galimybių tyrimas

    OpenAIRE

    Rainys, Rytis

    2016-01-01

    In this work we research integration capabilities between automatic invoice handling system “ReadSoft” and Enterprise Resource Planning system “IFS”. This research was initiated after analysis of problematic topic- absence of fully automated invoice handling system in research object- “Kitron group”. The purpose of this research is analyze current invoice handling processes and propose a solution, how could you use current company IT resources to speed up current invoice handling process. ...

  17. 12 CFR 327.12 - Prepayment of quarterly risk-based assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... statement invoice for the third quarter of 2009. The FDIC will re-invoice through FDICconnect based upon any... in the next assessment invoice that is sent at least 10 days after the FDIC's receipt of acceptance... before December 1, 2009, by electronic mail ([email protected]) or fax (202-898-6676). The...

  18. 78 FR 8527 - Information Collection(s) Being Reviewed by the Federal Communications Commission, Comments...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... participation changes and the availability of electronic filing. The purpose of FCC Form 472 is to establish the... discounts on services paid in full. After receiving an invoice from the service provider, together with an... which it submits an invoice to USAC and that invoices submitted from service providers for the costs of...

  19. 75 FR 49544 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ... protected Web site, which provides members an electronic copy of current and historical invoices, as well as...'') participant transactions; (ii) specify certain policies to dispute billing invoices; and (iii) amend the index... Exchange will not make any adjustments to billing invoices where JBO transactions are commingled with other...

  20. 14 CFR 1274.908 - Milestone payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... after receipt of proper invoice. Payment shall be considered as being made on the date of electronic... July 2002 (a) By submission of the first invoice, the Recipient is certifying that it has an... following milestones: Date PaymentMilestone Amount (c) Upon submission by the recipient of invoices in...

  1. 75 FR 40711 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Payments in Support of Emergencies and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... date of an electronic funds transfer (c) Invoice payments. (1) Due date. (i) Payment will be made as... information on the invoice only if required elsewhere in this contract. (B) If electronic funds transfer...., contract, invoice, receiving report) emanating from an operational area. 5 CFR part 1315 exempts Prompt...

  2. 48 CFR 252.232-7011 - Payments in Support of Emergencies and Contingency Operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... a check is dated or the date of an electronic funds transfer (c) Invoice payments. (1) Due date. (i... electronic funds transfer banking information on the invoice only if required elsewhere in this contract. (B) If electronic funds transfer banking information is not required to be on the invoice, in order for...

  3. 48 CFR 32.902 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... payment means an invoice payment reduction offered by the contractor for payment prior to the due date. Mixed invoice means an invoice that contains items with different payment due dates. Payment date means the date on which a check for payment is dated or, for an electronic funds transfer (EFT), the...

  4. 48 CFR 52.213-1 - Fast Payment Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....” Invoices not prominently marked “FAST PAY” via manual or electronic means may be accepted by the payment... Procedure (MAY 2006) (a) General. The Government will pay invoices based on the Contractor's delivery to a... invoice. (1) Upon delivery to a post office or common carrier (or, if shipped by other means, the point of...

  5. Designing Rules for Accounting Transaction Identification based on Indonesian NLP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iswandi, I.; Suwardi, I. S.; Maulidevi, N. U.

    2017-03-01

    Recording accounting transactions carried out by the evidence of the transactions. It can be invoices, receipts, letters of intent, electricity bill, telephone bill, etc. In this paper, we proposed design of rules to identify the entities located on the sales invoice. There are some entities identified in a sales invoice, namely : invoice date, company name, invoice number, product id, product name, quantity and total price. Identification this entities using named entity recognition method. The entities generated from the rules used as a basis for automation process of data input into the accounting system.

  6. Controls Over Electronic Document Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2001-01-01

    .... Electronic Document Management contributes to the initiative by digitizing paper documents and offering read-only access to official contracts and modifications, invoices, and accounting and finance documents...

  7. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Pediatric Fees and Invoices Quality and Safety Conference Bariatric Surgery Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program Metabolic and Bariatric ...

  8. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Pediatric Fees and Invoices Quality and Safety Conference Bariatric Surgery Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program Metabolic and Bariatric ...

  9. 7 CFR 1.133 - Institution of proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... proceedings. (a) Submission of information concerning apparent violations. (1) Any interested person desiring... transaction complained about, including shipping documents, letters, telegrams, invoices, manifests...

  10. TÜRKİYE’DE MUHASEBE UYGULAMALARINDAN E-DEFTER VE E-FATURA UYGULAMASI

    OpenAIRE

    Gürbüz GÖKÇEN; Mustafa ÖZDEMİR

    2016-01-01

    With the globalizing world countries have become influenced by each other. And also with the developments in the field of technology new applications have entered into the world of acconting. The most recent examples of these applications are e-book and e-invoice applications. E-invoice applications were first launched in the 2000s across the world. In Turkey, e-invoice applications were initiated by Electronic Invoice Registration System within the scope of e-government project in 2008. Afte...

  11. 48 CFR 32.1109 - EFT information submitted by offerors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Electronic Funds Transfer 32.1109 EFT... make changes, or to place the information on invoices if required by agency procedures. Therefore...

  12. Measurement of ampere-hour for small consumers in Brazil: present status and trends; Medicao de ampere-hora para pequenos consumidores no Brasil: estado atual e perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves Junior, J.E.R.; Lippincott, M.; Caldas, R.P.; Costa, R.S. de; Alvarenga, L.M.; Loureiro, M.R.B.; Luiz, F.C. [Centro de Pesquisas de Energia Eletrica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). E-mail: alves@cepel.br; Santos, C.; Araujo, P. [Centrais Eletricas de Pernambuco (CELPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Pinho, A. [Centrais Eletricas do Para (CELPA), Belem, PA (Brazil); Marcondes, P. [Daruma Telecomunicacoes e Informatica S.A., Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Vidal, J.C.M. [APEL Aplicacoes Eletronicas Industria e Comercio Ltda., Campina Grande, PB (Brazil); Peyro, R.J. [Telematica, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1999-07-01

    This paper presents a description of the ampere-hour meter developed with the CEPEL technology. This meter aims to the economic optimization of the measurement and invoicing or the small scale consumer electric power consumption. The paper presents the description, the technical and construction characteristics, the invoicing system and the using by the electric power utilities.

  13. 48 CFR 532.905 - Payment documentation and process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... payments. The contracting officer or designee must review the processing of invoices or vouchers before... approval of any payment on (or attached to) the invoice or voucher submitted by the contractor and forward... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Payment documentation and...

  14. 77 FR 15681 - Amendments to the HUD Acquisition Regulation (HUDAR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ...-70, ``Payment Schedule and Invoice Submission (Fixed-Price),'' and 2452.232-71, ``Voucher Submission... final invoice or completion voucher before final payment may be made. Section 2452.232-71 would also be... Business Subcontracting Plan.'' In part 2416, ``Types of Contracts,'' a new subpart 2416.3, ``Cost...

  15. 48 CFR 52.232-12 - Advance Payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the invoice or voucher submitted plus all advance payments previously approved shall not exceed $__ If.... Payment for any other types of expenses shall be approved in writing by the administering office. (e... of credit. The amount of the invoice or voucher submitted plus all advance payments previously...

  16. 48 CFR 2901.603-71 - Contracting Officer's Technical Representatives (COTR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .../disapproval of vouchers/invoices, etc. An individual COTR may have only the duties specifically identified in...' final invoices under cost-reimbursement contracts. However, the COTR must make a final payment... unauthorized commitments; (4) Detailed description of the types of files and the content of the files to be...

  17. 22 CFR 201.72 - Making payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that the invoice price includes either discounts or commissions payable to purchasing agents, the bank..., the bank shall not be required to make independent inquiry as to whether the invoice price includes..., to the best of its knowledge and belief, have been signed by hand. (7) Other requirements. The...

  18. 48 CFR 52.232-27 - Prompt payment for construction contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... include its TIN on the invoice only if required elsewhere in this contract. (x) Electronic funds transfer... terms in this contract, the Government will make invoice payments under the terms and conditions... date of an electronic funds transfer. Definitions of pertinent terms are set forth in sections 2.101...

  19. 48 CFR 313.303-5 - Purchases under blanket purchase agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... documents, invoices, etc., verifying the receipt of an item or service shall forward such documents to the... use the signed document, invoice, etc., as the basis for payment. Alternatively, OPDIVs may use electronic methods to document, and transmit to the paying office, the receipt, inspection, and acceptance of...

  20. 77 FR 10714 - Department of the Treasury Acquisition Regulation; Internet Payment Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... Regulation (DTAR) to implement use of the Internet Payment Platform, a centralized electronic invoicing and... electronic comments through the federal ] government e-rulemaking portal, www.regulations.gov , by email to...-based electronic invoicing and payment system that processes vendor payment data electronically, either...

  1. 48 CFR 532.908 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Deviation to authorize payment within 10 days of receipt of a proper invoice. The authority applies only to... Information for Electronic Funds Transfer Payment; and (iii) For which the order is placed, and the contractor submits invoices, using EDI in accordance with the Trading Partner Agreement. (2) If the contract is for...

  2. 10 CFR 140.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... U.S. funds by check, draft, money order, credit card, or electronic funds transfer such as ACH (Automated Clearing House) using EDI (Electronic Data Interchange). Federal agencies may also make payments... provided on the invoices, payment should be made accordingly, e.g. invoices of $5,000 or more should be...

  3. 14 CFR 1260.4 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... firms will be required to submit invoices on a no more than quarterly basis. Payments to be made on a... condition at § 1260.68, Invoices and Payments Under Grants With Commercial Firms, shall be incorporated into...) Payments will be made to commercial firms via electronic funds transfer. The special condition at § 1260.69...

  4. 5 CFR 1315.9 - Required documentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to support payment of invoices and interest penalties: (a) The following information from the... requirements under the Prompt Payment Act, including the payment of interest penalties on late invoice payments... electronic payment is required, the contract will stipulate that banking information must be submitted no...

  5. 40 CFR 80.1454 - What are the recordkeeping requirements under the RFS program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... contracts, correspondence, and invoices, related to details of the RIN transaction and its terms. (4... renewable fuel volume. (6) For exported renewable fuel, invoices, bills of lading and other documents... location where these feedstocks were produced: (A) Maps or electronic data identifying the boundaries of...

  6. 49 CFR 574.8 - Information requirements-tire distributors and dealers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (a)(1)(iii) with respect to a sale or lease shall include a statement to that effect on the invoice for that sale or lease and provide the invoice to the tire purchaser. (b) Other distributors and... the tire manufacturer, secure electronic means, the information specified in § 574.7(a)(4) to the...

  7. 5 CFR 1315.11 - Additional penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... be postmarked, received by facsimile, or by electronic mail, by the 40th day after payment was made... following: (i) Specific assertion that late payment interest is due for a specific invoice, and request... (ii) A copy of the invoice on which late payment interest was due but not paid and a statement that...

  8. 19 CFR 141.57 - Single entry for split shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... must file Customs Form (CF) 3461 or CF 3461 alternate (CF 3461 ALT) as appropriate, or electronic... the total value of, the entire shipment as reflected on the invoice(s) covering the shipment. (2... paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section). In such case, a CF 3461 or CF 3461 ALT as appropriate, or electronic...

  9. 19 CFR 4.38 - Release of cargo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... delivery of a particular shipment or an electronic equivalent. Alternatively, the permit may consist of a... upon condition that (1) the contents of the packages be identified with an invoice or transportation... will reasonably identify the contents with the invoice filed with the consumption entry. If the...

  10. 26 CFR 301.6103(k)(6)-1 - Disclosure of return information by certain officers and employees for investigative purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Investigations (OI)), and the nature of their investigation, when making an oral, written, or electronic contact... party witness to obtain copies of invoices of sales made to a taxpayer under examination. The third party witness provides copies of the sales invoices in question and then asks the revenue agent for the...

  11. 19 CFR 143.44 - RLF procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... electronically, using EIP, any invoice data required by CBP. (b) Electronic transmission of payment. For RLF... free will be accepted by CBP. If electronic invoice or additional electronic documentation is required... (CONTINUED) SPECIAL ENTRY PROCEDURES Remote Location Filing § 143.44 RLF procedure. (a) Electronic...

  12. 16 CFR 300.1 - Terms defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for sale of wool products, that are disseminated to ultimate consumers in print or by electronic means..., telephone, electronic mail, or some other method without examining the actual product purchased. (i) The... Regulations and on which the information required is to appear. (j) The terms invoice and invoice or other...

  13. Facturación electrónica versus facturaciónclásica. Un estudio en el comportamiento financiero mediante estudios de casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Díaz-Córdova, Jaime

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Invoicing (EI arises from technological progress since the advent of the Internet; these digital documents seek to replace the traditional Invoice (TI. The first signs of electronic invoicing were in 1997 through the Organization, Europe Articulate Numbering Association (EAN -UCC currently Global System One (GS1 which has the obligation to implement electronic invoicing since 2009, the aim of this article is to assess through case studies, the unit costs in issuing traditional bills versus the unit cost by implementing electronic invoicing, the variables studied were: salary, supplies, maintenance, depreciation based on the financial statements reflected on the Form 101 or 102 submitted in 2013 to the Internal Revenue Service - SRI. This study shows how the cost to issue traditional invoices versus electronic invoices are varied and there is an economic saving by applying EI that fluctuates from 32% to 57%, cost optimization by changing the TI and the accounting profits would increase, benefiting to elements such as: profit sharing to workers, income tax and profit sharing to shareholders.

  14. Practical Implementation of 10 Rules for Writing REST APIs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiri Hradil

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows a practical implementation of “10 Rules for Writing REST APIs introduced in the article” (Hradil, 2016. The application is done in Invoice Home (Wikilane, 2016, an invoicing web application for small business and entrepreneurs available world-wide. The API is implemented in JSON hypermedia format (ECMA International, 2016 and with Ruby on Rails framework (Hansson, 2016. The main purpose of the API is to allow connection of Invoice Home with external systems and offer Invoice Home data in simpler format compared to the current HTML format of the full-stack web application. The paper could be also used as a basic template or pattern for any other implementation of the JSON API in any web-based application.

  15. Transportation engineering project management : survey of practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) project managers (PMs) have identified inefficiencies in the legacy : system electronic Program Management (ePM) used to manage consultant contracts and invoices. To help UDOT : prepare for potential system im...

  16. 77 FR 23204 - VA Acquisition Regulation: Electronic Submission of Payment Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... enables progress towards agency objectives, strategic goals, and statutory mandates, and specifically... to implement mandatory electronic invoicing as part of its strategic plan to improve the commercial vendor payment process. The automated data validation, digital transmission, and expedited payment and...

  17. 48 CFR 3452.242-72 - Withholding of contract payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... clause in all solicitations and contacts other than purchase orders: Withholding of Contract Payments... shall promptly notify the contractor of its intention to withhold payment of any invoice or voucher...

  18. Information on Receiving Contract and Commercial Payments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Provides links to payment instructions and financial forms and reports for vendors and grant recipients. Billing tips, instructions for submitting invoices electronically or by email, including submitting simplified acquisition payments (SAPs).

  19. 78 FR 64031 - Privacy Act of 1974: Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... information including: Invoices; payment vouchers; name; address; Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE... verify consultants' and vendors' eligibility to receive payments. This revision will enable PBGC to both effect payments to [[Page 64032

  20. 48 CFR 342.7001 - Contract monitoring responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... charged in incentive or cost- reimbursement type contracts, and progress payments under fixed-price... justification and a funding document, if additional funds are needed.); (iv) Reviewing invoices/vouchers and...

  1. Records Center Program Billing System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — RCPBS supports the Records center programs (RCP) in producing invoices for the storage (NARS-5) and servicing of National Archives and Records Administration’s...

  2. Blood Donation Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Drive Biomedical Services Hospital Partners Blood Products Blood Banking Resources Order Blood Products Invoice Central Case Reports ... Speed up your donation by completing a RapidPass® online or on the Blood Donor app on the ...

  3. Platelet Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Drive Biomedical Services Hospital Partners Blood Products Blood Banking Resources Order Blood Products Invoice Central Case Reports ... You need an appointment to donate platelets. Schedule online , through the free Blood Donor App or by ...

  4. Blood and Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Drive Biomedical Services Hospital Partners Blood Products Blood Banking Resources Order Blood Products Invoice Central Case Reports ... app (over 1 million downloads and counting!) and online scheduler make it quick to set up your ...

  5. 19 CFR 146.32 - Application and permit for admission of merchandise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... properly executed and includes the zone status desired for the merchandise, as provided in subpart D of... (iii) Have examination invoices containing a unique identifier to trace the shipment to the manifest of...

  6. 75 FR 78731 - Proposed Information Collection; OMB Control Number 1018-0115, Application for Training, National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... agencies, private individuals, not-for-profit organizations, and university personnel. FWS Form 3-2193... also used to track attendance, mandatory requirements, tuition, and invoicing for all NCTC-sponsored...

  7. 75 FR 39231 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... invoices for the 2009-2010 heating season. Filed Date: 06/30/2010. Accession Number: 20100630-5041. Comment... Commission encourages electronic submission of protests in lieu of paper using the ``eFiling'' link at http...

  8. 19 CFR 10.246 - Maintenance of records and submission of Certificate by importer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... electronically through any electronic data interchange system authorized by CBP for that purpose; (2) If in..., the producer, exporter, importer or authorized agent includes on, or attaches to, the invoice or other...

  9. 19 CFR 10.226 - Maintenance of records and submission of Certificate by importer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... electronically pursuant to any electronic data interchange system authorized by Customs for that purpose; (2... authorized agent includes on, or attaches to, the invoice or other document accompanying the shipment the...

  10. 19 CFR 143.42 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... operational experience with the Electronic Invoice Program (EIP). EIP is defined in § 143.32 of this chapter... CBP can process in a completely electronic data interchange system to a RLF-operational CBP location...

  11. 76 FR 34226 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... invoices for the 2010-2011 heating season. File Date: 06/03/2011. Accession Number: 20110603-5220. Comment... proceeding. The Commission encourages electronic submission of protests in lieu of paper using the ``eFiling...

  12. 21 CFR 1304.03 - Persons required to keep records and file reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; when he distributes a quantity of the item, he must use and keep invoices or order forms to document... following: (1) An electronic prescription application provider. (2) An electronic pharmacy application...

  13. 48 CFR 13.303-5 - Purchases under BPAs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... electronically, or orally when it is not considered economical or practical to use electronic methods. (2) A... supplier's sales document, delivery document, or invoice may (if it reflects the essential elements) be...

  14. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Children's Surgery Verification ACS NSQIP Pediatric Fees and Invoices Quality and Safety Conference Bariatric Surgery Metabolic and ... the College Maintenance of Certification Quality Quality Quality Electronic Health Records (EHR) Incentive Program Physician Quality Reporting ...

  15. 19 CFR 10.584 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic means authorized by CBP for that purpose... preferential tariff treatment is claimed, which must be sufficiently detailed to relate it to the invoice and...

  16. 19 CFR 10.216 - Maintenance of records and submission of Certificate by importer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... or must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic data interchange system authorized... director, the producer, exporter, importer or authorized agent includes on, or attaches to, the invoice or...

  17. 19 CFR 10.511 - Supporting statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... but must be in writing or must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic means... tariff treatment is claimed, which must be sufficiently detailed to relate it to the invoice and the HS...

  18. 24 CFR 214.315 - Recordkeeping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., supporting documents, statistical records and all other pertinent records, both electronic and on paper... grant invoice was paid by HUD. (c) Grant activities. Recipients of HUD housing counseling grants are...

  19. 19 CFR 10.411 - Certification of origin or other information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... prescribed format but must be in writing or must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic... sufficiently detailed to relate it to the invoice and the HS nomenclature; (v) The HTSUS tariff classification...

  20. 19 CFR 10.704 - Declaration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... writing or must be transmitted electronically pursuant to any electronic means authorized by CBP for that..., invoice numbers, and bills of lading; (vi) A description of the operations performed in the production of...

  1. 77 FR 13590 - New York Independent System Operator, Inc.; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... also seeks declaration that NYISO not be required to pay invoices for charges imposed by Midwest.... The Commission encourages electronic submission of protests and interventions in lieu of paper using...

  2. 78 FR 78947 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... required input by vendors that manually enter invoice data into Wide Area Workflow (WAWF) (not those utilizing Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). By pre- populating fields with accurate and up-to-date contract...

  3. Energy statistics France; Statistiques energetiques France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    This document presents statistical data on energy accounting in France compared to other european countries. Many tables and charts on energy consumption, energy invoice and prices are provided by sectors. (A.L.B.)

  4. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Surgery Children's Surgery Children's Surgery Verification ACS NSQIP Pediatric Fees and Invoices Quality and Safety Conference Bariatric ... and Research Health Information Technology Scope of Practice Pediatric Issues Other Federal Legislative Issues Regulatory Issues Regulatory ...

  5. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Surgery Children's Surgery Children's Surgery Verification ACS NSQIP Pediatric Fees and Invoices Quality and Safety Conference Bariatric ... and Research Health Information Technology Scope of Practice Pediatric Issues Other Federal Legislative Issues Regulatory Issues Regulatory ...

  6. Anesthesiology: About the Anesthesiology Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... group invoicing for membership renewals as well as marketing, education, and quality improvement solutions. Learn more About ... 371-0384 Connect with Us Facebook Linkedin Twitter Youtube © 2018 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), All Rights ...

  7. CNMI Commercial Purchases (Trip Ticket)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Division of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) collects 'Trip Ticket' or purchase invoice data from vendors that buy fish...

  8. Guam Commercial Purchases (Trip Ticket)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — DAWR collects Trip Ticket or purchase invoice data from vendors that buy fish directly from the fishermen. Similar to the trip ticket system in Saipan, this is a...

  9. 12 CFR 327.2 - Certified statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the FDIC's e-business Web site FDICconnect a quarterly certified statement invoice each assessment... of the Assessments Section. (4) Each assessment period, the FDIC will provide courtesy e-mail...

  10. At the Finance Division

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1976-01-01

    Approximately 70 000 invoices are checked each year. Janine Rochat-Sarkissian sits at the desk on the background, Ingrid Kurt on the foreground, M. Carruan and Jean-Michel Grospierre on the second raw.

  11. 16 CFR 301.12 - Country of origin of imported furs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... act in labeling, invoicing and advertising. (b) The term country means the political entity known as a... advertising. (2) In the case of fur products imported into the United States from a foreign country, or fur...

  12. 48 CFR 1846.672-1 - Preparation instructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... identification such as the manufacturer's name or Federal Supply Code (as published in Cataloging Handbook H4-1... pending attachment to its invoice of the approved test/evaluation results. (xii) The copy of the DD Form...

  13. 48 CFR 2042.803 - Disallowing costs after incurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... voucher or invoice for payment and advise the NRC Division of Accounting and Finance to deduct the... recommendations as submitted; (ii) Accept the principle of the audit recommendation but adjust the amount of the...

  14. Defense Contracts: DOD’s Requests for Information from Contractors to Assess Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    pricing information, such as sales invoices , for 6 contracts. The contracts GAO reviewed showed that officials requested contractor information for a...contract number and award value, to information in the selected contract files and by conducting electronic tests of the data. For additional details...information, such as invoices for the same or similar items sold to commercial customers. The authority of contracting officers to collect cost

  15. Improvements Needed in the Defense Logistics Agencys Evaluation of Fair and Reasonable Prices for C130 Aircraft Spare Parts (Redacted)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-16

    DLA Aviation implemented an electronic contracting system and issued contract SPE4AX-09-D-9405 concurrently to execute electronic delivery orders. FOR...other-than-certified cost or pricing data may include: commercial sales invoices of the same or similar items, direct-wage rates, estimated labor hours...other-than-certified cost or pricing data to include: commercial sales invoices of the same or similar items, direct wage rates, estimated labor

  16. Spanish utility turns customer bills into a strategic advantage with EDP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stone, C.

    2007-01-01

    Enterprise document presentments (EDPs) are now used at many utilities to enable the automated creation and presentment of documents in formats that suit the needs of their customers. Upgraded billing capabilities can reduce operational costs, as well as drive incremental revenue for utilities that offer a portfolio of services. EDP bills can also provide an adaptable vehicle for meeting regulatory information requirements, as well as for demonstrating the utility's community obligations. This paper discussed an EDP program used by the Spanish utility Hidroelectrica del Cantabrico. After consulting with various companies, the utility finally selected an EDP solution provided by StreamServe Utilities, which offered data source independence. SAP data was received in RDI format, which provided the ability to rapidly design and generate invoices, contracts, and other documents. The EDP system selected by the utility also allowed them to consolidate electricity and gas consumption into a single invoice. Invoices were classified by distinct criteria, and optical labels were inserted to provide greater flexibility for design changes. The EDP solution allowed the utility to improve its corporate image on each printed document and optimize its client relationships by establishing a new marketing channel through the invoice itself. It was concluded that the utility has also achieved significant cost savings on paper and postage, as promotional campaigns are now inserted into invoice envelopes. 1 fig

  17. Spanish utility turns customer bills into a strategic advantage with EDP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, C. [StreamServe Inc., Burlington, MA (United States)

    2007-03-15

    Enterprise document presentments (EDPs) are now used at many utilities to enable the automated creation and presentment of documents in formats that suit the needs of their customers. Upgraded billing capabilities can reduce operational costs, as well as drive incremental revenue for utilities that offer a portfolio of services. EDP bills can also provide an adaptable vehicle for meeting regulatory information requirements, as well as for demonstrating the utility's community obligations. This paper discussed an EDP program used by the Spanish utility Hidroelectrica del Cantabrico. After consulting with various companies, the utility finally selected an EDP solution provided by StreamServe Utilities, which offered data source independence. SAP data was received in RDI format, which provided the ability to rapidly design and generate invoices, contracts, and other documents. The EDP system selected by the utility also allowed them to consolidate electricity and gas consumption into a single invoice. Invoices were classified by distinct criteria, and optical labels were inserted to provide greater flexibility for design changes. The EDP solution allowed the utility to improve its corporate image on each printed document and optimize its client relationships by establishing a new marketing channel through the invoice itself. It was concluded that the utility has also achieved significant cost savings on paper and postage, as promotional campaigns are now inserted into invoice envelopes. 1 fig.

  18. [The patient billing cost in medical biology: advantages and disadvantages].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceppa, Franck; Burnat, Pascal; Basin, Anne; Lebreton, Soizic

    2010-01-01

    Control of health expenditures in relation with staff reduction have led hospital or private labs to seek out growing productivity associated with limited costs. Consolidation and harmonization of equipment have to be implemented, as well as work positions, with the aid of computers. Analytical and preanalytical choices often converge towards the same manufacturer, and it is tempting to simplify also order, receipt and invoicing procedures. This cost optimization requires invoicing taking into account real activity of the lab, establishing "pay per patient" rather than "pay per kit". These changes may also apply to smaller analyzers such as those employed for haemostasis that are deployed in several sites, in aim to reduce costs. We describe the principles of this new mode of invoicing proposed by Roche Diagnostics, for which one may bring out main advantages and inconveniences.

  19. Ülkemizde Transfer Fiyatlandırmasının Yol Açtığı Tahmini Kurumlar Vergisi Kaybı(The Estimated Corporate Tax Loss Due To Transfer Pricing In Our Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar PEHLİVAN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available States, though in order to grasp taxable income have created legal infrastructure; with the reason of lack of efficient tax audit, they have been exposed to important tax losses due to transfer pricing.The amount of tax losses due to over invoiced imports and under invoiced exports that are determined as estimation; has shown that tax audit had not been efficient in transfer pricing. In order to minimize corporate tax losses that occured due to transfer pricing, it is required to take precautionary measures oriented in increasing efficiency in tax audit

  20. Some Practical Payments Clearance Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumlander, Deniss

    The globalisation of corporations' operations has produced a huge volume of inter-company invoices. Optimisation of those known as payment clearance can produce a significant saving in costs associated with those transfers and handling. The paper revises some common and so practical approaches to the payment clearance problem and proposes some novel algorithms based on graphs theory and heuristic totals' distribution.

  1. Construction fraud

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graafland, J.J.; Liedekerke, L.; Dubbink, W.; van Liedekerke, L.; van Luijk, H.

    2011-01-01

    Due to the actions of a whistleblower The Netherlands was confronted with a massive case of construction fraud involving almost the entire construction sector. Price fixing, prior consulting, duplicate accounts, fictitious invoices and active corruption of civil servants were rampant practices. This

  2. 77 FR 26765 - David H.M. Phelps: Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... against the laws of the United States, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 371; nine counts of false labeling under... sutchi) that he knew had been unlawfully imported from Vietnam. He knew that the fish was falsely labeled... been paid. He created or caused others to create false invoices and labeling for this fish, and other...

  3. 77 FR 26766 - Karen L. Blyth: Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... against the laws of the United States, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 371; nine counts of false labeling under... been unlawfully imported from Vietnam. She knew that the fish was falsely labeled as sole when it was... caused others to create false invoices and labeling for this fish, and other fish of the genus Pangasius...

  4. Aerospace Systems Technical Research Operation Services (ASTROS) Industry Day (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    SCALE IN MILES HWY 395 ROSAMOND BLVD. MERCURY BLVD. R O C K E T S I T E R O A D EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE Air Force Research Laboratory Site ROGERS DRY...ACRN/Task level, linking PO & invoice (with % Davis Bacon Act) • Maintain required safety, security, quality, code/regulation/logistics compliance

  5. 27 CFR 555.217 - Lighting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... “National Electrical Code,” (National Fire Protection Association, NFPA 70-81), for the conditions present... also meet the standards prescribed by the National Electrical Code. (c) Copies of invoices, work orders or similar documents which indicate the lighting complies with the National Electrical Code must be...

  6. 76 FR 22878 - Defense Transportation Regulation, Part IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... efficient personal property program, Electronic Billing and Payment Business Rules were developed by the...: DOD has issued draft business rules for the electronic payment of Nontemporary Storage (NTS) invoices... use of the DOD Third Party Payment System (TPPS) as the transaction and payment system for all NTS...

  7. 77 FR 3069 - Modification of Interlibrary Loan Fee Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-23

    ... payment used (traditional invoicing through the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) or payment.../credit program for interlibrary loan) and eliminates the current billing surcharge, which is instead... current cost of providing the service. Elimination of the separate billing surcharge will enable customers...

  8. Chief, Accounting Operations | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Monitoring and following up on unpaid invoices and outstanding receivables. d) Taxation • Remains current with Canadian Income Tax and sales tax regulations and ensures compliance with regulations in the areas of commodity taxes, and self-assessments for payments made to suppliers, consultants and grantees;

  9. 27 CFR 25.186 - Record of beer transferred.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Record of beer transferred..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Removals Without Payment of Tax Transfer to Another Brewery of Same Ownership § 25.186 Record of beer transferred. (a) Preparation of invoice. When beer is transferred between...

  10. Dashboard of the energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2000-01-01

    Eight comparative tables present statistical data on the energy in France: the corrected consumption of the climate and the CO 2 emissions coming from the energy consumption; the energy independence rate; the monthly energy invoice; the monthly middle prices of imported energies; the corrected consumptions for the electric power, the petroleum, the mineral solid fuels and the natural gas

  11. 41 CFR 51-5.7 - Payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Payments. 51-5.7 Section... Payments. Payments for products or services of persons who are blind or have other severe disabilities shall be made within 30 days after shipment or receipt of a proper invoice or voucher. ...

  12. 77 FR 59251 - Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... for the procurement of goods and services. Consultant or vendor invoices. Payment vouchers, including..., Benefits Administration and Payment Department. Correspondence addressed to or replied to by the Office of... determining amounts to be paid and in effecting payments by the Department of the Treasury to consultants and...

  13. 77 FR 5570 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ... payment voucher prepared to effect payment for services rendered by the contractor in performance of the contract. Further, contractor invoices or documents in support of payment which do include specific EAP... information, such as contractor billings and government payments, when EAP services are provided by an EAP...

  14. 48 CFR 49.112-2 - Final payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... voucher or invoice and forward the documents to the disbursing officer for payment. (b) Settlement by...) Construction contracts. In the case of construction contracts, before forwarding the final payment voucher, the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Final payment. 49.112-2...

  15. 48 CFR 218.201 - Contingency operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES EMERGENCY ACQUISITIONS Emergency Acquisition... purchases valued at or below the micro-purchase threshold if the purchase or payment is for an overseas...)(iii)(A). (6) Standard Form (SF) 44, Purchase Order-Invoice-Voucher. SF 44s may be used for purchases...

  16. 48 CFR 4.803 - Contents of contract files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... any modifications. (2) Bills, invoices, vouchers, and supporting documents. (3) Record of payments or...) Justification for type of contract. (23) Authority for deviations from this regulation, statutory requirements... management reports (see subpart 4.6). (30) Bid, performance, payment, or other bond documents, or a reference...

  17. 48 CFR 252.243-7002 - Requests for equitable adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... clause does not apply to— (1) Requests for routine contract payments; for example, requests for payment for accepted supplies and services, routine vouchers under a cost-reimbursement type contract, or progress payment invoices; or (2) Final adjustment under an incentive provision of the contract. (End of...

  18. 77 FR 73523 - HUD Acquisition Regulations (HUDAR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ....232-71, Voucher Submission, in all cost- reimbursement, time-and-materials, and labor-hour type... payment under the contract will be made on the basis of other than the submission of an invoice or voucher...-based contracts under which performance-based payments will be used. This is not a change in policy or...

  19. Accounts Payable Administrator | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Job Summary An Accounts Payable Administrator is responsible for the processing of supplier invoices and grant payment requests (from the Grant ... Remain courteous and efficient in the processing of duly approved petty cash vouchers;; Receive cash and cheques, prepare and reconcile the cash receipts, and prepare ...

  20. Vedení daňové evidence v podmínkách lékařské praxe

    OpenAIRE

    ZOBALOVÁ, Eva

    2009-01-01

    Graduation theses concerned on tax accounting. It´s engaged especially in question bookkeeping in domain of practise of medecine. Partials objectives of this essay are to explore administration of invoices. Next problem is how to analyse tax liability in differents types of accounting of costs and in doble-entry accounting.

  1. Deepening Corporate Integrity in the Nigerian University System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejiogu, Aloy; Onyene, Virgy

    2008-01-01

    The quest and agitation for the enthronement of corporate integrity in the nation's universities by the stakeholders have become almost hysterical given the often alleged, sometimes proven, cases of mal-administration, fund embezzlement and or misappropriation, over bloated or even fake invoicing, unbridled favoritism, sexual harassment, bribery,…

  2. 7 CFR Appendix A to Part 3015 - Definitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... schedule. “Amount received for trade-in” of an item of equipment traded in for replacement equipment means the amount that would have been paid for the replacement equipment without a trade-in, minus the... value, shown on an invoice. For example, suppose that a recipient can buy a new machine for $5,000 in...

  3. 7 CFR 505.2 - Fees for loans of materials in library collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....00 processing fee. (d) All services in this section will incur a billing surcharge per invoice... RESEARCH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY FEES FOR LOANS AND COPYING § 505....00, is billed as a direct cost recovery based on charges to the library by the billing vendor...

  4. 17 CFR 256.01-10 - Billing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-10 Billing procedures. All invoices for services... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Billing procedures. 256.01-10...

  5. 75 FR 51813 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... Statements Invoice (OMB No. 3064-0057); Student Educational Employment Program (OMB No. 3064- 0147); and... written comments to the FDIC by any of the following methods: http://www.FDIC.gov/regulations/laws/federal...-delivered to the guard station at the rear of the 17th Street Building (located on F Street), on business...

  6. 75 FR 34137 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection Renewals; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ...: Quarterly Certified Statements Invoice (OMB No. 3064-0057); Student Educational Employment Program (OMB No... by any of the following methods: http://www.FDIC.gov/regulations/laws/federal/notices.html E-mail... 17th Street Building (located on F Street), on business days between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m. All comments...

  7. 78 FR 69398 - Applications for New Awards; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... full scientific knowledge, or (2) better understanding of the subject, problem studied, or body of... (Development)), LBJ Basement Level 1, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20202-4260. You must show proof... shipping label, invoice, or receipt from a commercial carrier. (4) Any other proof of mailing acceptable to...

  8. 48 CFR 2813.7002 - Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... be domestic source end products, except as provided in FAR subpart 25.1. (b) Use of the certified... by the appropriate administrative office and forwarded to the Finance Office for payment within 5... forwarding the invoice to Finance, the administrative office shall place the following statement on the...

  9. 26 CFR 301.7610-1 - Fees and costs for witnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... depreciation, etc. However, where a third party's records are stored at an independent storage facility that... complied with the summons and has submitted an itemized bill or invoice showing specific details concerning... attendance fee for the time necessarily occupied in going to and returning from the place of attendance at...

  10. 16 CFR 301.43 - Use of deceptive trade or corporate names, trademarks or graphic representations prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Use of deceptive trade or corporate names... Regulations § 301.43 Use of deceptive trade or corporate names, trademarks or graphic representations prohibited. No person shall use in labeling, invoicing or advertising any fur or fur product a trade name...

  11. 'Dair hi tgout ende sulver toe dede': Haagse hofrekeningen in kunsthistorisch onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Egmond, A.M.J.

    2012-01-01

    In the past, the method for approaching art and material culture mentioned in the Dutch account books of late medieval princely households has been characterized as ‘gathering dead wood’ and criticized for being ‘too superficial’. Because of the financial purpose of the invoices it is ‘impossible to

  12. 19 CFR 142.16 - Entry summary documentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... documentation, one copy of the entry document and the commercial invoice, or the documentation filed in place of... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Entry summary documentation. 142.16 Section 142.16... TREASURY (CONTINUED) ENTRY PROCESS Entry Summary Documentation § 142.16 Entry summary documentation. (a...

  13. 48 CFR 5.503 - Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... advertisements may be placed directly with the media or through an advertising agency. Contracting officers shall... place orders unless the award/order is made by using electronic commerce or by using the Governmentwide... advertising. Every invoice for advertising shall be accompanied by a copy of the advertisement or an affidavit...

  14. 22 CFR 33.8 - Claim procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... authenticated English translation. Claims must include: (1) The captain's sworn statement about the exact..., including: (i) The date and cost of acquisition supported by invoices or other acceptable proof of ownership... UNDER SECTION 7 § 33.8 Claim procedures. (a) Where and when to apply. Claims must be submitted to the...

  15. 27 CFR 70.507 - Data to be shown in claim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... statement as to whether the price of the article was increased on or following the effective date of such... as to the amount of such price increase. (f) Specific evidence (such as relevant records, invoices, or other documents, or affidavits of individuals having personal knowledge of pertinent facts) which...

  16. 46 CFR Sec. 8 - Disbursement documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... as to the nature of services, supplies, or facilities furnished including quantity, rate, price and... will be waived, provided the agent certifies as follows: We certify that, to the best of our knowledge... invoices. I certify that the prices charged are reasonable and correct. Branch house or sub-agent By: Name...

  17. 27 CFR 46.8 - Data to be shown in claim.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... statement as to whether the price of the article was increased on or following the effective date of such... as to the amount of such price increase. (f) Specific evidence (such as relevant records, invoices, or other documents, or affidavits of individuals having personal knowledge of pertinent facts) which...

  18. 16 CFR 301.3 - English language requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false English language requirements. 301.3 Section... AND REGULATIONS UNDER FUR PRODUCTS LABELING ACT Regulations § 301.3 English language requirements. All..., shall be set out in the English language. If labels, invoices or advertising matter contain any of the...

  19. 9 CFR 145.52 - Participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Participating flocks of waterfowl, exhibition poultry, and game birds, and the eggs and baby poultry produced... maintained by Plan participants under the conditions prescribed in § 145.5(a). (b) Hatching eggs produced by..., “Report of Sales of Hatching Eggs, Chicks, and Poults,” or by using a hatchery invoice form (9-3I...

  20. Mathematics: Essential to Marketing. Student's Manual and Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helton, Betty G.; Griffin, Jennie

    This document contains both a student's manual and a teacher's guide for high school mathematics essential to marketing. The student's manual contains 34 assignments within the following 11 units: (1) arithmetic fundamentals; (2) application of arithmetic fundamentals; (3) cashiering; (4) inventory procedures; (5) invoices; (6) computing employee…

  1. 77 FR 10744 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    .... Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection. Abstract: The Fur Products Labeling Act (``Fur Act'') \\1\\ prohibits the misbranding and false advertising of fur products. The Fur Rules... labeling + 23,517 hours for invoices + 3,690 hours for advertising).]. Estimated annual cost burden: $2,807...

  2. 19 CFR 11.2 - Manufactured tobacco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufactured tobacco. 11.2 Section 11.2 Customs... PACKING AND STAMPING; MARKING Packing and Stamping § 11.2 Manufactured tobacco. (a) If the invoice and entry presented for manufactured tobacco specify all the information necessary for prompt determination...

  3. The fostering role of information technology on SMEs' strategic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-03

    May 3, 2013 ... Inter-organisational coordination is achieved using electronic links. We use information technology-enabled transaction processing. We have electronic mailing capabilities with our key suppliers. We use electronic transfer of purchase orders, invoices and/or funds. We use advanced information systems to ...

  4. Spending Smart

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grush, Mary

    2009-01-01

    There is no doubt that eProcurement technology has turned cumbersome paper-based processes into highly connected online systems. The most basic parameters of eProcurement range from shopping for or sourcing goods, to creating purchase requisitions and getting them approved, to placing orders with suppliers, to receiving invoices--all…

  5. 76 FR 72989 - Options Price Reporting Authority; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... section replaces a Policy currently on the OPRA Web site that, although it is entitled ``Auditing... invoices for ``Professional Subscriber Device-based Fees'' that it sends directly to these Professional Subscribers. The Professional Subscribers to which the Vendor distributes OPRA data and for whose access it...

  6. Pokeren om de volgende Superbotsbaan

    CERN Multimedia

    Stroeykens, Steven

    2003-01-01

    The physicists take charge of the project of a new machine to drill the secrets of the matter and the natural laws. But the invoice of these more powerful accelerators, six billion euro, is made thanks to the dedication of a scientific and political team

  7. 77 FR 54900 - Aluminum Extrusions From the People's Republic of China: Final Results of Changed Circumstances...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... supplier and customer invoices, as well as narrative responses confirming a name change from New Zhongya to... production of which are organized around meeting certain specified thermal performance requirements and which....99.80.60. While HTS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written...

  8. 77 FR 70708 - VA Acquisition Regulation: Electronic Submission of Payment Requests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... Register at 74 FR 32223, of a class deviation to Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 32.905 (48 CFR 32.905...) Electronic Invoice Presentment and Payment System; (2) American National Standards Institute (ANSI) X12... Definitions. 832.7002 Electronic payment requests. 832.7002-1 Data transmission. 832.7002-2 Contract clause...

  9. Digital Libraries: The Grand Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, John R.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the technical, economic, social, and cultural challenges to building a national digital library system. Selecting and filtering information, building and scaling distributed digital library networks, invoicing, payment, authorizing access, the locus of planning leadership, and the information poor are discussed. (Contains three…

  10. 76 FR 3649 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Request for Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ..., Department of Homeland Security, and sent via electronic mail to [email protected] or faxed to (202... the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological techniques or other... assessing a rate and amount of duty to be paid. On occasions when the invoice or other documentation does...

  11. 7 CFR 6.24 - Application for a license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... electronic forms, provided or designated by the Licensing Authority, and shall be submitted in accordance... exports, applications shall include: (i) Census Form 7525 or a copy of the electronic submission of such form, and (ii) The commercial invoice or bill of sale for the quantities and number of export shipments...

  12. 77 FR 20437 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ... follow in preparing invoices. These instructions stipulate ] the level of detail in which supporting data... electronic form will be made available for public inspection. Because your comments will not be edited to... Docket No. NRC-2012-0027. You may submit your comments by any of the following methods: Electronic...

  13. Joint Forces Command - United Assistance Fiscal Triad

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-17

    CVS sup- port via cash payments and electronic funds transfers (EFTs). En route to Liberia, the 101st G–8 met with the U.S. Army Africa (US- ARAF...approved items. Each shipment required authorization through a signed memorandum affi xed to an invoice provided by the requester. Th e DHL process

  14. 78 FR 10169 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... Act of 1995. Ex-Im Bank has developed an electronic disbursement approval processing system for... lender will obtain and review the required disbursement documents (e.g. invoices, bills of lading.... In order to obtain approval of the disbursement, the lender will access and complete an electronic...

  15. 46 CFR 515.42 - Forwarder and carrier; compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...'s compensation invoice, or as an endorsement on the carrier's compensation check. Each forwarder... section 19(e)(4) of the Act (46 U.S.C. 40904(d)) and 46 CFR part 535. (e) Electronic data interchange. A licensed freight forwarder may own, operate, or otherwise maintain or supervise an electronic data...

  16. 78 FR 30846 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    ... information on those who are to respond, including use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or... served by type and category; and receipts, invoices and other records of CACFP costs and documentation of... line; claims processing now electronic; memos and regulatory updates posted on State agency Web sites...

  17. 78 FR 22877 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... Act of 1995. Ex-Im Bank has developed an electronic disbursement approval processing system for... lender will obtain and review the required disbursement documents (e.g. invoices, bills of lading.... In order to obtain approval of the disbursement, the lender will access and complete an electronic...

  18. 78 FR 12998 - Establishment of Due Process Procedures on License-Like Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... Electronic Invoice Program (EIP). See 19 CFR 143.42(b). Section 1414(a)(2) of title 19 of the U.S. Code sets... process in a completely electronic data interchange, filed from a location other than where the goods are...) operational on the Automated Clearinghouse (ACH) (or any other CBP-approved method of electronic payment), for...

  19. 76 FR 71928 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Updates to Wide Area WorkFlow (DFARS Case 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... and receiving reports in electronic format. DATES: Comments on the proposed rule should be submitted... procedures in the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) for electronic submission of... system for generating invoices and receiving reports. TEDS is an accepted system for processing payment...

  20. 77 FR 38731 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Updates to Wide Area WorkFlow (DFARS Case 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... the submission of payment requests and receiving reports in electronic format. DATES: Effective date... policies and procedures for electronic submission of payment requests and receiving reports through Wide... with the primary DoD payment systems, is the accepted DoD system for generating invoices and receiving...

  1. 77 FR 45634 - Biosimilar User Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ... generate a user fee identification (ID) number. Payment must be made in U.S. currency by electronic check... of the Treasury to utilize Pay.gov , a Web-based payment application, for online electronic payment... Administration is 53-0196965. B. Annual BPD, Establishment, and Product Fees FDA will issue invoices for annual...

  2. 19 CFR 141.58 - Single entry for separately arriving portions of unassembled or disassembled entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... annotating a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Form 3461, CBP Form 3461 ALT, or electronic equivalent, or..., due to its size or nature, be shipped on one conveyance. A copy of the relevant invoice or purchase order, or electronic equivalent, must accompany the application, along with the proposed appropriate...

  3. 77 FR 2560 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Entry Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security, and sent via electronic mail to oira... on those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or... such as check payments and commercial invoices. Current Actions: CBP proposes to extend the expiration...

  4. 78 FR 10168 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... 1995. Ex-Im Bank has developed an electronic disbursement approval processing system for guaranteed... required disbursement documents (e.g. invoices, bills of lading, Exporter's Certificates, etc.) and will... electronic questionnaire through ExIm Online inputting key data and requesting approval of the disbursement...

  5. 78 FR 22876 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    ... 1995. Ex-Im Bank has developed an electronic disbursement approval processing system for guaranteed... disbursement documents (e.g. invoices, bills of lading, Exporter's Certificates, etc.) and will disburse the proceeds of the loan for eligible goods and services. The Lender will access and complete an electronic...

  6. 76 FR 66715 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Monthly Progress...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... Reports; Submission of Invoices, and Related Information (Renewal) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency... available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name..., EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special...

  7. 48 CFR 229.402-1 - Foreign fixed-price contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Foreign fixed-price... Foreign fixed-price contracts. Use the clause at 252.229-7000, Invoices Exclusive of Taxes or Duties, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price contract will be awarded to a foreign concern. ...

  8. 78 FR 5868 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    .../4). Abstract: Tax-free alcohol is used for non-beverage purposes in scientific research and... of Receipts of Alcoholic Beverages and Commercial Invoices (TTB REC 5170/3). Abstract: The primary... available for audit purposes and consumer protection, by subject record traceability of alcoholic beverages...

  9. 76 FR 20752 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ...). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the... whole number, resulting in an implied number of users based on quotes. Market makers are invoiced on a... number of implied users based on quotes. \\5\\ See Exchange Act Release No. 56721 (October 30, 2007), 72 FR...

  10. 77 FR 72332 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ...); WAWF is not a forms based application but it accepts any supporting documentation as attachments... process invoice, acceptance and payments related documentation and data to support the DoD asset... validation and approval phases for submission to the Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) for...

  11. Summaries of completed Access to Information requests in 2015 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... please indicate whether it follows the Treasury Board's Travel Directive and Special Travel Authorities. All hospitality and travel expense claims (including submitted claim forms and processing documentation) and supporting documentation (including, where available, receipts, invoices, itineraries, hotel bills, taxi chits, ...

  12. Domain Models of "The Market" - In Preparation for E-Commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Dines

    2003-01-01

    An analysis is presented, in the form both of an informal narrative and a formal model of "The Market" of buyers and sellers, agents, brokers and traders - who inquire about products and services, issue quotations, orders, delivers, receives, accepts, invoices, pays, rejects, returns and gets ref...

  13. 26 CFR 48.4061(a)-1 - Imposition of tax; exclusion for light-duty trucks, etc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... December 31, 1958, and before December 11, 1971, see paragraph (b)(4) of this section. (5) Cross references...) attaches to that part of the selling price of the completed unit which is reasonably attributable to such equipment provided such part of the selling price is billed separately on the invoice to the customer or can...

  14. 16 CFR 306.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Include a delivery ticket or other paper with each transfer of automotive fuel. It may be an invoice, bill of lading, bill of sale, terminal ticket, delivery ticket, or any other written proof of transfer. It... new automotive fuel either with a delivery ticket or by sending a new letter of certification. (c...

  15. 9 CFR 79.2 - Identification of sheep and goats in interstate commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... handling of the sheep or goats, such as yarding receipts, sale tickets, invoices, and waybills. (1) If..., transported, received for transportation, or offered for sale or transportation in interstate commerce unless..., receives for transportation, offers for sale or transportation, or otherwise handles sheep or goats in...

  16. 9 CFR 203.4 - Statement with respect to the disposition of records by packers, live poultry dealers, stockyard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... sheets; scale tickets received from others; inventory and products in storage; receiving records; trial... slips; production or sale tonnage reports (including recapitulations and summaries of routes, branches... sales invoices, or claims or credit memoranda; and Provided further, That microfilm copies of records...

  17. 7 CFR 46.21 - Returns, rejections, or credit memorandums on sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., a credit memorandum showing the buyer's name, sales ticket number, lot number, date of the granting... notation shall be made on the original sales ticket referring to the adjustment and showing where the... sales ticket or invoice properly completed to show the facts and shall be approved by a duly authorized...

  18. 16 CFR 309.11 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... invoice, bill of lading, bill of sale, terminal ticket, delivery ticket, or any other written proof of... of lading, bill of sale, delivery ticket, or any other written proof of transfer. It must contain at... with your determination. You can do this in either of two ways: (1) Include a delivery ticket or other...

  19. 9 CFR 71.19 - Identification of swine in interstate commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... as yarding receipts, sale tickets, invoices, and waybills upon which is recorded: (i) All serial... offered for sale or transportation, in interstate commerce, unless each swine is identified at whichever... transportation, offers for sale or transportation, or otherwise handles swine in interstate commerce, is...

  20. 7 CFR 46.15 - Documents to be preserved.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... freight and other bills, car manifests, express receipts, confirmations and memorandums of sales, letter and wire correspondence, inspection certificates, invoices on purchases, receiving records, sales tickets, copies of statements (bills) of sales to customers, accounts of sales, papers relating to loss...

  1. 7 CFR 1744.66 - The financial requirement statement (FRS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false The financial requirement statement (FRS). 1744.66... TELEPHONE LOANS Advance and Disbursement of Funds § 1744.66 The financial requirement statement (FRS). (a... on copies of invoices from the other utility. (2) Engineering—(i) Preloan engineering. Based on a...

  2. 47 CFR 1.1108 - Schedule of charges for applications and other filings for the international telecommunication...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Schedule of charges for applications and other filings for the international telecommunication services. 1.1108 Section 1.1108 Telecommunication FEDERAL... telecommunication services. Remit payment (along with a copy of invoice) for these services to the: Federal...

  3. 16 CFR 20.1 - Deception generally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... sale or sell any industry product unless a clear and conspicuous disclosure that such product has been used or contains used parts is made in advertising, sales promotional literature and invoices and on product packaging. Additionally, it is unfair or deceptive to offer for sale or to sell any rebuilt...

  4. JPRS Report, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-08

    psychological trends and conduct compre- hensive research. Only thus can we get a handle on the confusing maze of social conflicts in the "initial stage... eva - sion. Similar problems can also happen with sales or commercial invoices. In short, the implementation of the value-added tax system will

  5. 7 CFR 160.84 - Identification of shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Identification of shipments. 160.84 Section 160.84... STANDARDS FOR NAVAL STORES Sales and Shipments § 160.84 Identification of shipments. The invoice or contract of sale of any naval stores in commerce shall identify and describe the article in accordance with...

  6. Controls Over the Air Force Contract Augmentation Program Payment Process Need Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-28

    SERVICES 4. QUALITY ASSURANCE PERSONNEL ( QAP ) SIGNATURE AND DATE 5. QAP PHONE 6. SUSPENSE DATE I. PERFORMANCE 7. DEFICIENCY...REPRESENTATIVE CORRECTIVE ACTION AND PREVENTION OF RECURRENCE OR REASON FOR NON- CONCURRENCE OF QAP CITED DEFICIENCY III. ACTION CORRECTED 14...CONCUR NON-CONCUR QAP SIGNATURE AND DATE 15. QAP REMARKS (REQUIRED) Appendixes 18 │ DODIG-2015-075 Appendix C Invoices With

  7. 77 FR 75089 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Accelerated Payments to Small Business Subcontractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... applicable contract or subcontract, after receipt of a proper invoice and all other required documentation... Business Subcontractors, that outlined steps agencies shall take to ensure that prime contractors pay their... contractor, upon receipt of accelerated payments from the Government, to make accelerated payments to small...

  8. 7 CFR 800.55 - Descriptions by grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... grade in any advertising, price quotation, other negotiation of sale, contract of sale, invoice, bill of... will not be considered to be a description by grade. (d) False or misleading descriptions. In any sale... United States to any place outside thereof, knowingly using a false or misleading description of grain by...

  9. 48 CFR 942.803 - Disallowing costs after incurrence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the voucher or invoice for payment and advise the finance office to deduct the disallowed cost when... as submitted. (ii) Accept the principle of the audit recommendation but reject the cost questioned.... (iii) Negotiate a mutual settlement of questioned costs if they are agreed with in principle but there...

  10. The Right for Deducting VAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin Sergiu-Bogdan Constantin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Romania must comply with the VAT Directive, the judgments of the Court of Justice of theEuropean Union and the European Court of Human Rights on VAT matter, that includes the matterof VAT deduction. The right to deduct VAT, in principle, cannot be limited for a taxable person andit is an abuse of law made by tax authorities when refusing this right. There are exceptions though,when the substantive and/or formal requirements are not met, the taxable person was involved in aVAT fraud or its supplier incorrectly drawn-up the invoice. The substantive requirements are: thepurchases must be from a taxable person and must be used for taxable activities. The formalrequirements are the obligations relating to accounting, invoicing and tax declarations. If taxauthorities discover a VAT fraud or/and that a VAT liability has not been declared they must takeimmediate measures, impose compliance and collect the corresponding sums from the responsibleperson.

  11. Avoiding Contract Audit Citations by Improving Billing Submissions

    OpenAIRE

    Brewer, David; Morgan, Bill

    2018-01-01

    In this session, INDOT auditors address common billing errors for different contract payment methodologies. Attendees responsible for preparing bills and submitting invoices will gain a better understanding of how contracts are designed and what is accepted for payment. Local agencies will understand how to review a consultant’s billing before making payment, thus avoiding citations. This presentation should be of particular interest to both engineering consulting firms and local agencies who...

  12. Využití elektronického podpisu v účetnictví

    OpenAIRE

    Zezulová, Eva

    2011-01-01

    This thesis deals with electronic signature in the area of accounting. It includes characteristic of electronic signature, certification authority and time stamp. This thesis explains these fundamental concepts related to the electronic signature and also shows some practical application of it -- such as electronic invoicing, archiving, and communication with state-administration through data boxes or through electronic registries. In this thesis there is also detaily described and depicted t...

  13. Financing of networks extension since the 'urbanization and dwelling' law from July 2, 2003. Status of the participation to roads and networks financing; Le financement des extensions de reseaux depuis la loi urbanisme et habitat du 2 juillet 2003. Le point sur la participation pour le financement de la voirie et des reseaux (PVR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-10-01

    This document aims at giving to readers a general analysis of the new system of financial participation for roads and networks construction (in particular water, sewage and energy networks). About the invoicing of extension costs for power and natural gas networks, an inter-ministry by-law must precise the general principles of the calculation of the contribution given by extension demanders to power distribution network managers when those are the project owners. (J.S.)

  14. Cost Comparisons of Selected Inventory Policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-06-01

    REQUIREMENTS for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE in TRANSP0ORTAT ION Lu Evanston, Illinois __ -loi44 󈨔 07 14 10 UNC LAS S SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS...through receipts and issues invoices. A centralized inventory replenishment section reviews every warehouse location’s inventory status once each week... 6380 39160 B15 .4304 -- -- 37200 B16 .2490 .35 5290 30330 B17 .2204 .43 1100 4850 B18 .4634 -- -- 77 C1 .4154 --- 72350 C2 .4544 --- 71350 C3 .6870

  15. A memory aid for reduced cognitive load in manually entered online bank transactions

    OpenAIRE

    Sandnes, Frode Eika

    2012-01-01

    Paper based invoices are still commonly used in Norway where users manually copy large amounts of digits in order to set up transactions. Such digit copying tasks are cognitively and visually demanding, errors are easily introduced and the process is often perceived as laborious. This study proposes an alternative scheme based on dictionary coding that reduces the cognitive load on the user by a factor of five. The strategy has improved error detection characteristics and th...

  16. Sensory quality of out-of-home coffees in Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Alberto Pino

    Full Text Available Summary A field study was carried out in the largest Brazilian city in order to evaluate the quality of coffee prepared and sold for out-of-home consumption, using a logit model. It was shown that the decision on coffee quality was taken by the coffee house owner or manager based on his perception of the socio-economical class of the consumers, the prevalent gender, the participation of coffee in the invoicing and the coffee brewing method.

  17. 19th International Seapower Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    mentioning about the newly feder- ated T-RMN. RMN stands for Royal Malaysian Navy, that’s where I come from; but actually in this regard, T-RMN stands for...customs offices, with the taxation departments, with organizations that do the ac- tual invoicing, and with the maritime authorities, which in the case...collaborations have also been proposed. Chief of the Royal Malaysian Navy Admiral Abdul Aziz, for example, has mooted the idea of the Maritime

  18. The purchase of natural gas using a smart card. Energy company and customer sometimes better off with prepayment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meijerink, R.; Meyer, G.E.

    1997-01-01

    In particular in an open market prepayment systems offer advantages for small-scale and large-scale consumers and energy utilities. The use of prepayment systems makes invoices superfluous and defaulters do not have to disconnected. By means of a smart card it is simple to register who made the purchase and to whom gas is supplied. The Dutch natural gas research institute Gastec plans a project to test the safety of prepayment systems

  19. The Coast Guard Proceedings of the Marine Safety and Security Council. Volume 72, Number 1, Spring 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    1989 M/V Exxon Valdez oil spill 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake , San Francisco, California 19 8 0 s 1983 First CERCLA case, Winchester f ire...from two major oil spill responses: • the tanker Metula, in the Straits of Magellan off Chile , in August 1974; • the tanker Showa Maru, in Straits of...hours; and then converted that information into a billable format (used to invoice Exxon directly). Then in October 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake

  20. Near East/South Asia Report, No. 2794

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-04

    8217 (MARMARA, 24 Jun 83) 5 ARAB AFRICA ALGERIA Causes, Effects of Inflation Analyzed ( ALGERIE ACTUALITE, 23-29 Jun 83) 7 United States...EFFECTS OF INFLATION ANALYZED United States Responsibility Algiers ALGERIE ACTUALITE in French 23-29 Jun 83 pp 6-7 [Article by G. Boutaleb: "I...invoices? Steps To Be Taken Algiers ALGERIE ACTUALITE in French 23-29 Jun 83 pp 8-9 [Article by Abdelkader Hammouche: "II. The Means of

  1. Chablis - Market Analysis of Digital Payment Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Ricarda Weber

    2017-01-01

    Order and delivery of digital information with costs requires an economic method of instant digital payment especially when dealing with widely distributed, anonymous users and small amounts. Such factors make traditional invoicing processes economically unfeasible. A large number of digital payment schemes and system proposals have been devised. This report provides a classification and market study of digital payment systems. An extensive criteria catalogue is presented explaining typical f...

  2. Delinquent Medical Service Accounts at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center Need Additional Management Oversight

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-28

    electronically , you must send them over the SECRET Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNET). We appreciate the courtesies extended to the staff...using ABACUS billing functions with electronic claims filing and electronic payment functions will further reduce timelines. This should address...accounts, valued at $4,564,704, that were delinquent for more than 120 days. According to Department of Army Form 3154, “Hospital Invoice and Receipt

  3. Controls Over Ministry of Interior Fuel Contracts Could be Improved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-20

    send classified comments electronically , you must send them over the SECRET Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNET). We appreciate the courtesies... invoices . EF-5 has developed a spreadsheet that compares orders placed versus fuel deliveries. EF-5 performs this comparison to ensure the vendors...consumption data, and on multiple occasions, the electronic data provided by MoI were either corrupted, in an unreadable format, or the paper-based

  4. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 16, Number 3, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    available, the AFO forwards the invoice to the Defense Finance and Accounting Service for payment. Third, we must examine how and when bills are paid. In...and markets were open; children were playing soccer and cruising around town on newer model bicycles. Bullet holes from recent Al Qaeda attacks... children begging for candy and pens. Overall, the village was bustling with activity and felt safe. Despite this feeling, we were aware of the

  5. Oběh dokladů a vnitřní kontrolní systém

    OpenAIRE

    Polcrová, Lucie

    2009-01-01

    The thesis topic is the accounting workflow of the company Siemens Enteprise Communications, s.r.o. The first, theoretical, part of the thesis focuses on general characteristics of the accounting system including the company rules and the need for such a system. The second part of the thesis deals with the workflow of accounting documents (invoices, credit notes, travel orders and other accounting documents). The thesis closes with a comparison of two workflow systems.

  6. Water demand management in Mediterranean regions

    OpenAIRE

    Giulio Querini; Salvo Creaco

    2005-01-01

    Water sustainability needs a balance between demand and availability: 1) Water demand management: demand may be managed by suppliers and regulations responsible persons, using measures like invoicing, consumptions measurement and users education in water conservation measures; 2) Augmentation of water supply: availibility may be augmented by infrastructural measures, waste water reuse, non-conventional resources and losses reduction. Water Demand Management is about achieving a reduction in t...

  7. Defining Marketing Strategies For Vihreä Tekno Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Manzari, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to define marketing strategies for Vihreä Tekno, a company in Vantaa, Finland. The company runs several businesses such as providing IT services, website designing, business/loyalty cards, professional logo design, PC repairs and installations, mobile application development, translation services, cleaning services, advertising and distribution services, billing/invoicing systems and so forth. In this thesis, the author analyzed the company’s current s...

  8. Price Setting Transactions and the Role of Denominating Currency in FX Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Friberg, Richard; Wilander, Fredrik

    2007-01-01

    This report, commissioned by Sveriges Riksbank, examines the role of currency denomination in international trade transactions. It is divided in two parts. The first part consists of a survey of the price setting and payment practices of a large sample of Swedish exporting firms. The second part analyzes payments data from the Swedish settlement reports from 1999-2002. We examine whether invoicing patterns of Swedish and European companies changed following the creation of the EMU and how the...

  9. A cask fleet operations study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-03-01

    This document describes the cask fleet currently available to transport spent nuclear fuels. The report describes the proposed operational procedures for these casks and the vehicles intended to transport them. Included are techniques for loading the cask, lifting it onto the transport vehicle, preparing the invoices, and unloading the cask at the destination. The document concludes with a discussion on the maintenance and repair of the casks. (tem) 29 figs.

  10. THE IMPACT OF ELECTRONIC ISSUANCE OF RECEIPTS FOR FEES IN THE SCHOOL TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTING

    OpenAIRE

    Vergara Moncada, Raúl Jesús

    2014-01-01

    Currently, in almost all of the Tax Administrations under the structure of American Center of Tax Administration (CIAT) are in an extensive development of the first electronic age with the voluntary use of spreadsheets, then with the Electronic Program Book (PLE), new formats of books and records related to tax matters, and recently with electronic invoices. The Peruvian case is no stranger to the National Superintendence of Tax Administration (SUNAT), which has implemented for the time being...

  11. A cask fleet operations study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-03-01

    This document describes the cask fleet currently available to transport spent nuclear fuels. The report describes the proposed operational procedures for these casks and the vehicles intended to transport them. Included are techniques for loading the cask, lifting it onto the transport vehicle, preparing the invoices, and unloading the cask at the destination. The document concludes with a discussion on the maintenance and repair of the casks. (tem) 29 figs

  12. LDC commodity risk analysis and recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-08-08

    Under the current operation of the new competitive electricity market in Ontario, local distribution companies (LDCs) are required to pay the monthly invoice of the Independent Market Operator (IMO) before they collect from end-users for the consumption period covered by the invoice, with no clear guarantee that the recovery will occur. This situation creates a major cash flow problem and financial risk for LDCs and threatens the integrity and stability of the electricity market. This paper described 3 features of Ontario's competitive electricity market that create financial and commodity risk. The first problem is that there is no limit on how high prices can rise. Increases in wholesale commodity prices can result in a situation where the amount of the IMO's invoice is greater than the LDC's ability to pay at the time of receipt. Secondly, the LDC bears a 100 per cent payment obligation to the IMO administrator of the wholesale market. The third problem is that LDCs bear payment default risk from all consumers in the Ontario market, including electricity retailers. This paper presents some specific policy solutions that can protect the market from this threat. It was suggested that in order to protect the integrity of Ontario's electricity market during high prices, a policy must be drafted to address the commodity price financing risk (CPFR) issue. The policy must also define what happens if prices increase past the LDCs financing obligation limit. tabs., figs.

  13. LDC commodity risk analysis and recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    Under the current operation of the new competitive electricity market in Ontario, local distribution companies (LDCs) are required to pay the monthly invoice of the Independent Market Operator (IMO) before they collect from end-users for the consumption period covered by the invoice, with no clear guarantee that the recovery will occur. This situation creates a major cash flow problem and financial risk for LDCs and threatens the integrity and stability of the electricity market. This paper described 3 features of Ontario's competitive electricity market that create financial and commodity risk. The first problem is that there is no limit on how high prices can rise. Increases in wholesale commodity prices can result in a situation where the amount of the IMO's invoice is greater than the LDC's ability to pay at the time of receipt. Secondly, the LDC bears a 100 per cent payment obligation to the IMO administrator of the wholesale market. The third problem is that LDCs bear payment default risk from all consumers in the Ontario market, including electricity retailers. This paper presents some specific policy solutions that can protect the market from this threat. It was suggested that in order to protect the integrity of Ontario's electricity market during high prices, a policy must be drafted to address the commodity price financing risk (CPFR) issue. The policy must also define what happens if prices increase past the LDCs financing obligation limit. tabs., figs

  14. [Evolution of consumption of high-cost drugs in Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado Alba, Jorge Enrique; Moncada Escobar, Juan Carlos

    2012-04-01

    Determine the patterns of consumption of high-cost drugs (HCD) during the 2005-2010 period in a population of Colombian patients enrolled in the General System of Social Security in Health. An observational descriptive study was conducted. The prescription data of formulas of any drug considered to be high-cost dispensed to all users (1 674 517) in 20 cities of Colombia between 2005 and 2010 were analyzed. The anatomical therapeutic classification was considered, and the number of patients as well as monthly invoicing for each drug, the daily dose defined, and the cost per 1 ;000 inhabitants/day were defined. Over the entire study period, the amount invoiced for HCDs increased by 847.4%. Antineoplastic and immunomodulator drugs accounted for 46.3% of the total invoicing. The other drugs were anti-infectives (15.2%), systemic hormonal preparations (9.5%), and drugs for the nervous system (9.1%). Most of these drugs were prescribed at the daily doses defined as recommended by the World Health Organization, but with high costs per 1000 inhabitants/day. In Colombia a crisis has occurred in recent years due to the high spending generated by the most expensive drugs. The progressive growth of pharmaceutical spending is greater than the increased coverage by the country's health system. The Colombian health system should evaluate how much it is willing to pay for the most expensive drugs for some diseases and what strategies should be implemented to cover these expenses and thus guarantee access to the insured.

  15. A tool to increase information-processing capacity for consumer water meter data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz E. Jacobs

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Water service providers invoice most South African urban consumers for the water they use every month. A secure treasury system generates water invoices at municipalities’ financial departments. Information about the water usage of customers initially comes from reading the water meters, usually located in gardens near the front boundaries of properties. Until as recently as 1990, the main purpose of the water meter readings was to generate invoices for water usage. There are various treasury systems for this purpose.Objective: The objective of this research article was to describe the development of Swift, a locally developed software tool for analysing water meter data from an information management perspective, which engineers in the water field generally use, and to assess critically the influence of Swift on published research and industry. This article focuses on water usage and the challenge of data interchange and extraction as issues that various industries face.Method: This article presents the first detailed report on Swift. It uses a detailed knowledge review and presents and summarises the findings chronologically.Results: The water meter data flow path used to be quite simple. The risk of breaches in confidentiality was limited. Technological advances over the years have led to additional knowledge coming from the same water meter readings with subsequent research outputs. However, there are also complicated data flow paths and increased risks. Users have used Swift to analyse more than two million consumers’ water meter readings to date. Studies have culminated in 10 peer-reviewed journal articles using the data. Seven of them were in the last five years.Conclusion: Swift-based data was the basis of various research studies in the past decade. Practical guidelines in the civil engineering fraternity for estimating water use in South Africa have incorporated knowledge from these studies. Developments after 1995 have

  16. Energy saving in the pumping of drinking water, Municipality of San Felipe, Guanajuato; Ahorro de energia electrica en bombeo de agua potable, en el municipio de San Felipe, Gto.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gamiz Sanchez, Lorenzo [Applied Technology Center de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

    2006-01-15

    This paper shows the results attained in energy saving through a project of potable water pumping, which took an investment of $433,043.00 and an internal rate of return of 126%. This project puts into evidence that it is possible to reduce between 15 and 30% of the total invoicing for energy consumption in potable water pumping if an equipment of poor efficiency is replaced by another of high efficiency. The project was requested by the Guanajuato's State Water Comision and the Municipal Bureau of Sewage and Potable Water, with the double intention of reducing the energy consumption along with the corresponding invoicing and incrementing the output of the wells in order to improve the potable water supply. In the site two high efficiency submersible motor-pumps were installed previously to the energy diagnosis that triggered profitable operation results and a convenient invoicing. [Spanish] Se documentan los resultados obtenidos en un proyecto de ahorro de energia en el bombeo de agua potable realizado con una inversion de $433,043.00 y con una tasa interna de retorno de 126%. Este proyecto pone en evidencia que es posible reducir entre el 15 y 30% de la facturacion total por consumo de energia electrica en el bombeo de agua potable si se sustituye un equipo poco eficiente por otro de alta eficiencia. El proyecto fue solicitado por la Comision Estatal del Agua de Guanajuato y la Junta Municipal de Agua Potable y Alcantarillado del municipio, con un doble proposito, reducir el consumo de energia junto con la facturacion correspondiente e incrementar la capacidad de produccion de los pozos con la intencion de mejorar el abasto de agua potable. En el lugar se instalaron dos motobombas sumergibles de alta eficiencia previo diagnostico energetico que desencadenaron rentables resultados operativos y de facturacion.

  17. Ship Production Symposium Held in Seattle, Washington on August 24-26, 1988 (The National Shipbuilding Research Program)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    cost and quantity and posts the actual cost to the cost ledger. The invoice is interfaced to an accounts payable system within the financial systems...System • CV Standalone Workstation • CV Client Workstations • ANA-tech Eagle Scanner • Versatec aperture Card Scanner • H a r d C o p y U n i t • Imagen ...raster We that has been con- verted to img (Interleaf extension) and passed to lnterleaf (publishing package) for printing on the Imagen printer, a

  18. Діагностика критеріїв відбору підприємств у системі публічних електронних закупівель

    OpenAIRE

    Klyuvak, Oksana; Skrynkovskyy, Ruslan

    2017-01-01

    The integrated complex system with subsystems of e-logistics, e-document flow, budgeting, payments and invoices of the subjects of procurement of goods, works, services for public funds, taking into account the criterion of «price» and non-price criteria for selecting the winner, is improved in the article. The classification of non-price criteria for selecting the winner of procurement, which are dictated by the European Union law, namely of: technical, resource and competency, safety and qu...

  19. Excel 2003 all-in-one desk reference for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Harvey, Greg

    2013-01-01

    When you think of number-crunching and spreadsheets, you think of Excel, right? After Word, it's the most popular program in the Microsoft Office suite. But if technical jargon isn't your first language, you may have found Excel just a teeny bit frustrating. It can be really hard to pick your way through the many features and make Excel do what you need for it to do. Once you know how, you can use Excel to Create fill-in-the-blank forms Prepare expense reports and invoices Manage all sorts of data Keep sales and inventory records Analyze financial data and create forecasts Present informati

  20. The Danish National Health Service Register (NHSR) as a Source for Research on Primary Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John Sahl; Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Krasnik, Allan

    Aim: To describe NHSR in relation to research. Content: The data in the register from general practice is generated through the GPs’ electronic invoices to the Regional Health Administration. Data from 1990 onwards is available covering more than 600 million patient contacts. For each service......: Identification number of the practice, referral to specialist and fees. 3. The service: Consultations, telephone consultations, home visits, e-mail consultations and preventive consultations. Also laboratory and additional services like anti-conception counselling are registered. The clinical information...

  1. Aplicación de gestión de facturas electrónicas basado en la tecnología .NET

    OpenAIRE

    Cañabate Bernete, Francisco Javier

    2008-01-01

    En la present memòria es presenta el treball realitzat en el projecte de desenvolupament de l'aplicació efactura que pretén fer la gestió de les factures de forma electrònica, sense l'ús de paper. En la presente memoria se presenta el trabajo realizado en el proyecto de desarrollo de la aplicación eFactura que pretende realizar la gestión de las facturas de forma electrónica, sin el uso de papel. This report presents the work completed in the development project of the e-invoice applica...

  2. Secure system for personal finances on the cloud

    OpenAIRE

    Quintana i Vidal, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    Este documento contiene la memoria de la realización del Trabajo Final de Máster que tiene como objetivo la creación de un Cloud para el almacenamiento de forma segura de las facturas electrónicas. This document contains the memory of the accomplishment of the final Project, which aims to create a Cloud for secure storage of the electronic invoices. Aquest document conté la memòria de la realització del Treball Final de Màster que té com a objectiu la creació d'un Cloud per a l'emmagatz...

  3. Gestió de factures electròniques amb .NET (Visual Studio Tools for Office)

    OpenAIRE

    Gimeno Capín, Pablo

    2008-01-01

    Creació d¿un software de gestió de factures electròniques desenvolupat en aquesta plataforma tecnològica, amb indicació expressa d¿utilització de les eines VSTO (Visual Studio Tools for Office) en la seva última versió. Creación de un software de gestión de facturas electrónicas desarrollado en esta plataforma tecnológica, con indicación expresa de utilización de las herramientas VSTO (Visual Studio Tools for Office) en su última versión. Creation of electronic invoice management softwa...

  4. Metrics for agile requirements definition and management

    OpenAIRE

    Jussilainen, Nina

    2016-01-01

    “You Can't Manage What You Don't Measure” (Origin unknown) was the starting point for this research. The goal of this research was to define metrics to support and monitor the requirements defi-nition and management in the Alusta P2P Invoice automation and Procurement product de-velopment in the target organization. The research was conducted as a constructive research including document analysis, inter-views and facilitated workshop and it was done during June 2016-December 2016. Th...

  5. From policies to aspects in KLAIM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbert, Luke Thomas; Egilsson, Einar

    2008-01-01

    The aspect oriented programming paradigm facilitates the separation of cross cutting concerns in system development. Security policies are a typical such concern and in this paper we present a simple policy language, LUNAR, and show how it can be translated into aspect definitions. We perform the...... the development for KLAIM, a small kernel language for agent interaction and mobility, and show how static analysis can be used to reduce the number of aspect definitions. This technique has been applied to a larger case study, namely the electronic invoice system at DTU....

  6. IMPORTANCE OF DELIVERY CONDITIONS IN THE EXTERNAL PRICE CALCULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta ISAI

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The delivery conditions of the merchandise at export, established by the rules INCOTERMS2000, influence the external price structure. There are some conditions in which the external priceincludes only the value of the merchandise and other conditions in which, besides the value of themerchandise, the price includes also the external transport and insurance. In the case of the exportson commercial credit, when it appears the notion of external interest, this one may be included in theprice or may be invoiced separately, thus defining gross external prices and net external prices.

  7. Technical and financial project management tool

    CERN Document Server

    Symons, L J

    1998-01-01

    In order to control the technical and financial aspects of the civil engineering contribution to the LHC project, an autonomous data management tool has been put in place to integrate drawings, schedules and budget control. To assemble this very heterogeneous data in its support, contents, and naming, a uniform Product Breakdown Structure (PBS) has been introduced between the different files. For updating reasons, the technical menu has a direct access to the CERN Drawings Directory (CDD). The budget menu compares, for each structure, the initial estimates with the actualized ones, the latter compared permanently with the paid invoices. The total amount of the civil engineering cost is available online.

  8. Electronics design office organization, methods and tools

    CERN Document Server

    Van der Bij, E

    2004-01-01

    The group TS-DEM offers a global service for the design, manufacturing and assembly of electronics modules for several hundreds of electronics engineers at CERN and its collaborating institutes. The Design Office in DEM determines and controls an overall planning, defines the resources required, solves the technical aspects and invoices the whole project. This involves technical resources provided by service contracts and supply contracts, but also negotiations with clients to be able to provide realistic plannings while still being able to handle urgent cases and high-workload periods.

  9. Controladoria como uma opção à sustentabilidade econômica nas organizações de Terceiro Setor: o caso de uma associação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Machado Valadão Junior

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The idea of achieving sustainability for the third sector, especially economic sustainability, has provoked excited discussions about the purposes of these organizations. This paper addresses this type of discussion with the purpose of showing the changes in an organization after controlling procedures had been adopted. The study examines a workers association that, after adopting controllintechniques, achieved financial income, invoicing growth, and tax savings. These achievements lead to the conclusion that management based on the idea of economic sustainability helped the company fulfill its mission and continue to develop.

  10. Portalen Handelsplats Wermland — Practical E-commerce for Värmland's Businesses and Municipalities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Ulrika Obstfelder; Borg, Ulf

    Portalen Handelsplats Wermland (Portal Meetingpoint Wermland) offers a range of services designed by the Wermland Chamber of Commerce to permit the cost-effective exchange of electronic messages, including invoicing, ordering, certification and procurement. The portal meets the needs and expectations faced by businesses, both large and small, in the area of e-commerce. The portal also provides a way for businesses to share the cost of applications and equipment. As a result, they enjoy greater flexibility with their partners and more efficient internal procedures. Most importantly, the portal represents a local, impartial effort to strengthen Varmland's private sector and open up avenues that are beyond the financial means of individual businesses.

  11. Office 2010 the missing manual

    CERN Document Server

    Conner, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    Go from Access novice to true master with the professional database design tips and crystal-clear explanations in this book. You'll learn all the secrets of this powerful database program so you can use your data in creative ways -- from creating product catalogs and publishing information online to producing invoices and reports. Build a database with ease. Store information to track numbers, products, documents, and moreCustomize the interface. Build your own forms to make data entry a snapFind what you need fast. Search, sort, and summarize huge amounts of informationPut your data to use.

  12. Benchmarking Cloud Resources for HEP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alef, M.; Cordeiro, C.; De Salvo, A.; Di Girolamo, A.; Field, L.; Giordano, D.; Guerri, M.; Schiavi, F. C.; Wiebalck, A.

    2017-10-01

    In a commercial cloud environment, exhaustive resource profiling is beneficial to cope with the intrinsic variability of the virtualised environment, allowing to promptly identify performance degradation. In the context of its commercial cloud initiatives, CERN has acquired extensive experience in benchmarking commercial cloud resources. Ultimately, this activity provides information on the actual delivered performance of invoiced resources. In this report we discuss the experience acquired and the results collected using several fast benchmark applications adopted by the HEP community. These benchmarks span from open-source benchmarks to specific user applications and synthetic benchmarks. The workflow put in place to collect and analyse performance metrics is also described.

  13. WHO BENEFITS FROM THE VAT CASH ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN ROMANIA AS OF JANUARY 1, 2013?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecobici Nicolae

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the legislative changes at the end of 2012 regarding the value added tax, changes that cameinto force on January 1, 2013, we will critically analyze the extent in which the new imposed system follows the VATtaxation principles and who will benefit from this system. In this case, it is the VAT cash accounting system which,under certain legally well-defined conditions, relate the VAT chargeability to the collection of value of the invoicedgoods and services no later than 90 calendar days and VAT deduction is subject to the payment of the goods andservices invoiced without specifying any deadline.

  14. Sistema de gestión de datos GESTSOFT // System of data administration GESTSOFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rolando Rivero Galán

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se describe el uso del sistema de gestión GESTSOFT el cual fue desarrollado en el lenguaje deprogramación Visual Basic. Mediante el uso del sistema es posible la manipulación de las bases de datos de un almacén yrealizar a voluntad del usuario múltiples consultas, informes y reportes. Con el sistema se logra la confección de facturas ypre-facturas de ventas del los productos de forma totalmente automatizada.Palabras claves: base de datos, gestión de ventas.__________________________________________________________________________AbstractIn the present work is described the use of the administration system GESTSOFT which was developed by the authors inVisual Basic programming language. By means of the use of the system it is possible the manipulation of a warehousedatabase and to carry out multiple consultations, accounts and reports according to the user's will. With the system it isachieved the confection of invoices and pre-invoices of sales in a completely automated way.Key words: Database, Sales administration..

  15. Radiological investigation in the outside area of expedition's room during radiopharmaceuticals' expedition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reina, Luiz C.; Monteiro, Ilka H.T.S.; Silva, Joao Carlos P. da; Teixeira, Danilo L.; Pedro, C.R.; Santos, J. Regis dos

    2013-01-01

    Radiopharmaceuticals produced in IEN - Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission, are issued by the radiation protection team, which is responsible for preparing and issuing the packaged documentation required for movement in modal transportation. The documents are: Invoice , Shipper's Declaration of Radioactive Material , Shipper's Declaration of Dangerous Goods - (form IATA ) , Emergency Sheet, sketch of packed. All this documentation is inserted in an envelope of emergency. The Department of Radiological Protection is responsible for issuing such documents except the invoice that is issued by the Commercial Sector (Setcom). A employee of this sector is responsible for delivering it to the shipment sector. The preparation of packaged and documentation is performed in a room located in the building of Radiopharmaceutical Division. The vehicles which are used in the transport are parked outside this building, where are monitored after commissioning of packaged. The present study aims to evaluate potential and occupational radiation risks of people in transit or remain in the area where radioactive material circulates due to the shipment of radiopharmaceuticals for the classification of the area during the operation of dispatch

  16. HEALTH INFO Information from the CHIS Board and Personnel Division: ABOUT BILLS FROM HOPITAL DE LA TOUR

    CERN Multimedia

    Personnel Division + CHISB

    1999-01-01

    The tariff agreement signed by CERN (and other international organisations) with Hospital de La Tour specifies that all bills paid within 30 days of the date of the invoice will enjoy a discount, to be deducted by the payer. The bills are labelled with a message to this effect.Physicians' fees, personal expenses as well as services from outside providers (e.g. ambulance companies or external laboratories) are however not part of the discount agreement. Bills for hospitalisation (i.e. with a stay in hospital longer than 28h) are normally directly paid by AUSTRIA, acting as a third-party payer.In May this year, Hospital de La Tour introduced a new (Y2K compliant) accounting and invoicing system. This implementation did not go as smoothly as planned and delayed the issuing of bills by two months. During the summer period, a special team of temporary staff was put in place to catch up on the delay. As a result of this, some bills were produced that contained errors and the sticky label mentioning the discount agr...

  17. HEALTH INFO Information from the CHISBoard and Personnel Division: ABOUT BILLS FROM HOPITAL DE LA TOUR

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    The tariff agreement signed by CERN (and other international organisations) with Hôpital de La Tour specifies that all bills paid within 30 days of the date of the invoice will enjoy a discount, to be deducted by the payer. The bills are labelled with a message to this effect.Physicians' fees, personal expenses as well as services from outside providers (e.g. ambulance companies or external laboratories) are however not part of the discount agreement. Bills for hospitalisation (i.e. with a stay in hospital longer than 28h) are normally directly paid by AUSTRIA, acting as a third-party payer.In May this year, Hôpital de La Tour introduced a new (Y2K compliant) accounting and invoicing system. This implementation did not go as smoothly as planned and delayed the issuing of bills by two months. During the summer period, a special team of temporary staff was put in place to catch up on the delay. As a result of this, some bills were produced that contained errors and the sticky label mentionin...

  18. Special Session: THE E-GOVERNMENT AND THE NEW CHALLENGES OF THE EUROPEAN SINGLE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THE E-GOVERNMENT AND THE NEW CHALLENGES OF THE EUROPEAN SINGLE MARKET

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Motivating enterprises by provision of e-government services in Europe acts as a powerful incentive for enterprises, in particular for small and medium sized enterprises, to adopt electronic ways of working in their dealings with public administration. A leading example is e-procurement, which facilitates the integration of public administration requirements into the work processes of enterprises and so contributes to building of the European business environment that encourages and supports entrepreneurs and competitiveness. New needs arise for e-government services in support of this type of cross-border users. The introduction of electronic invoicing systems in public administrations would generate savings both for the public bodies as well as the suppliers interacting with it. These activities covered by the IDABC work programme since 2005 produce guidelines for the implementation of e-procurement systems. The objective is to contribute to the use of electronic invoices in the public sector according to the i2010 e-government action plan and the e-procurement action plan.

  19. THE E-GOVERNMENT AND THE NEW CHALLENGES OF THE EUROPEAN SINGLE MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Gama de Oliveira Pinto

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Motivating enterprises by provision of e-government services in Europe acts as a powerful incentive for enterprises, in particular for small and medium sized enterprises, to adopt electronic ways of working in their dealings with public administration. A leading example is e-procurement, which facilitates the integration of public administration requirements into the work processes of enterprises and so contributes to building of the European business environment that encourages and supports entrepreneurs and competitiveness. New needs arise for e-government services in support of this type of cross-border users. The introduction of electronic invoicing systems in public administrations would generate savings both for the public bodies as well as the suppliers interacting with it. These activities covered by the IDABC work programme since 2005 produce guidelines for the implementation of e-procurement systems. The objective is to contribute to the use of electronic invoices in the public sector according to the i2010 e-government action plan and the e-procurement action plan.

  20. VAT Cashing System: between Myth and Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana ISPAS

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The value added tax (VAT collection system, which is applied to any company with a turnover of up to 500,000 Euros, has become optional from 1 January 2014. Since January 1, 2014, taxpayers may choose the optional introduction of new system of VAT collection anytime during the year 2014 by filing a notice from the IRS, SELF removal from the register of taxable persons applying this system. By making changes and deregistration itself, taxpayers will continue to apply the system of VAT collection.For operations whose VAT chargeable event occurred until 31 December 2013 for the invoices issued before that date, in the event that the 90th calendar day from the date of invoice or the date set imitates the chargeability of tax occurs on full or partial consideration receipt of goods delivered or services rendered. Changing the Tax Code is provided in GEO no. 111/2013, published in Official Gazette no. 809 of 19 December. New tax rules allow taxpayers to decide if they want apply VAT at collection system, this decision targeting about half a million taxpayers from Romania.

  1. THE VALUE ADDED TAX AND THE EVASION CHAIN OF INTRA-COMMUNITARIAN VAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deliman Eugen

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The relationship IRS taxpayer runs the risk of turning into a psychological war in which, however, given the positions held, the IRS is by far on a favorable footing. Between the apparently excessively formal position held by the IRS, which seems to conceal behind the laws, and the sometimes forced interpretation of the laws, by the taxpayer, there are the courts of law, also disturbed by the legislative changes which appear to have entered a perpetual motion. The objective of the fiscal administration regarding the value added tax is to combat tax evasion and fraud. It is very important to combat evasion in the VAT field because it represents the indirect tax of the largest share in the consolidated general budget. VAT evasion represents the intention of not paying the tax, withholding or not declaring it, or requesting its refund which would not be fit, due to the exaggeration of the deductible amount of the VAT. The essential aim of the IRS inspector is to verify the correctness of the declared amount of the value added tax. It should also be observed whether the incorrectness is deliberate or whether it was due to misunderstanding, carelessness or the ignorance of the payer. In all cases judgment is necessary, as for the cases of negligence the amount to be paid must be corrected and accompanied by applying fines and / or penalties, and in the cases of intended fraud legal actions are to be applied in order to obtain a conviction. Deceitful deductions represent other methods for tax evasion and are undertaken based on fake invoices, invoices often used several times for deduction, or invoices related to purchases that have never been made. Thus there are examples of economic agents who have practiced the right to deduct the VAT due to the acquisition of goods which consisted in the property of other economic agents. In other cases noticed was the deduction of VAT on goods or services that were not included in the activities of the economic

  2. Costs incurred by applying computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing techniques for the reconstruction of maxillofacial defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustemeyer, Jan; Melenberg, Alex; Sari-Rieger, Aynur

    2014-12-01

    This study aims to evaluate the additional costs incurred by using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique for reconstructing maxillofacial defects by analyzing typical cases. The medical charts of 11 consecutive patients who were subjected to the CAD/CAM technique were considered, and invoices from the companies providing the CAD/CAM devices were reviewed for every case. The number of devices used was significantly correlated with cost (r = 0.880; p technique is suited for wide application and not restricted to complex cases. Where additional fees/funds are not available, the CAD/CAM technique might be unprofitable, so the decision whether or not to use it remains a case-to-case decision with respect to cost versus benefit. Copyright © 2014 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Powernext Carbon, an organized market at the service of the fight against greenhouse effect.

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The European Community directive no 2003/87/CE aims at fighting against climatic change by the implementation of a greenhouse gas emissions trading system. This architecture has been precised in the European Regulation no 2216/2004 relative to the normalized and secured registers system. This document describes the principles of Powernext Carbon, the quotas trading market, launched by Powernext in partnership with Caisse des Depots and Euronext: context, size of the European CO 2 market, regulatory situation, Powernext Carbon - the European CO 2 quotas stock exchange (partnership, architecture, spot products, European members network), theory and practice of Powernext Carbon continuous market (reference electronic platform, 3-step negotiation, invoicing and added value tax, tariffing. (J.S.)

  4. Service Process Innovation and the Role of Added Value in Buyer-Seller Relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holzweber, Markus

    2011-01-01

    of relationships, and in establishing a strategic partnership. This is mainly due to the fact that it can be costly to include users when changing service processes without a deep understanding of technology and customer needs. Originality/value – The paper provide issues to help organizations manage the value...... data that have been collected through 12 interviews with managers and employees at a wholesaler of electronic consumer equipment and a leading FM service provider. Findings – The results indicate that significant benefits due to process innovation, here PDF-invoicing, has been the more intensive...... information flow and exchange, and the increased cooperation and commitment between the seller-buyer pair and their customers. The analysis of the data related to the buyer side reveals that added value is mainly driven by collaborative work and results in improving information flow and exchange, development...

  5. EDI (electronic data interchange): the best in business partner cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirelli, T

    1989-10-01

    This is the first of a three-part series on electronic data interchange (EDI) applications in the materials management and accounts payable departments, especially as they relate to transactions with outside vendors. Part Two will cover EDI applications within a hospital, from one computer system to another. The article will illustrate how the new HL7 standards will make "seamless" interfaces an economic reality for the first time. Part Three will focus on the paperwork reduction aspects of EDI, and the resultant cost savings. Through the use of permanent CD-ROM storage, the day will come when a hospital's business transactions (purchase orders, invoices, checks) as well as medical records, will never be generated on paper.

  6. Management of article processing charges – challenges for libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Sikora

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Dedicated funds for Open Access publishing have been a strategic instrument at German university libraries for many years. As the number of Open Access publications grows dynamically, the question arises as to whether the processes of handling article processing charges (APC are being sustainably organised among libraries and publishers so as to enable a full transition to Open Access. Max Planck Digital Library processes about 600 invoices for Open Access articles per year centrally on behalf of Max Planck researchers. This paper contains a description of the individual steps required in order to assume charges centrally as well as the barriers emerging during this process. It is shown that the main desiderata for the establishment of smooth and scalable processes are the optimisation of article submission systems, better author identification and assignment, and improved reporting.

  7. Electronic commerce can cut purchasing costs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, T.

    1995-06-01

    Electronic commerce could be the most important strategy exercised by utilities involved in transmission and distribution in the next five to ten years. One key element of electronic commerce is electronic data interchange (EDI). EDI is the direct, standardized computer-to-computer exchange of business documents, such as purchase orders, invoices, payments and inventory analysis between trading partners. EDI enables business documents delivery in seconds instead of days. Inventory has been a big expense for utilities, especially in the transmission and distribution area. In order to provide and restore electrical service to customers, utilities have been required to stock high levels of many different items. At times, warehouse personnel have had difficulty determining the minimum quantity needed for a particular part so items are stocked just-in-case.Electronic commerce will allow utilities to more accurately determine minimum stocking requirements and reduce inventory without sacrificing customer service.

  8. The role of enterprise asset management system in the PVO group`s business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaervinen, J. [RAMSE Consulting Oy, Helsinki (Finland)

    1998-12-31

    This presentation describes the role of the Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) and Enterprise Document Management (EDM) in the PVO Group`s business. The use of the functionality of the EAM (Immpower) and EDM (Documentum) is not limited only to the plant maintenance. All power plants and some other business functions and units will use the system in the future for financial management, activity based costing, purchasing, of materials, office supplies and fuel, invoice matching, project budgeting and costing, real estate management etc. The technical service concept of IT solution is also described in this presentation. The Information Management Strategy development as background to the project is also outlined together with the company information. The benefits of the common EAM system and related business process needs are also described. (orig.)

  9. Mapping of Core Components Based e-Business Standards into Ontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magdalenić, Ivan; Vrdoljak, Boris; Schatten, Markus

    A mapping of Core Components specification based e-business standards to an ontology is presented. The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is used for ontology development. In order to preserve the existing hierarchy of the standards, an emphasis is put on the mapping of Core Components elements to specific constructs in OWL. The main purpose of developing an e-business standards' ontology is to create a foundation for an automated mapping system that would be able to convert concepts from various standards in an independent fashion. The practical applicability and verification of the presented mappings is tested on the mapping of Universal Business Language version 2.0 and Cross Industry Invoice version 2.0 to OWL.

  10. Tisettanta case study: the interoperation of furniture production companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amarilli, Fabrizio; Spreafico, Alberto

    This chapter presents the Tisettanta case study, focusing on the definition of the possible innovations that ICT technologies can bring to the Italian wood-furniture industry. This sector is characterized by industrial clusters composed mainly of a few large companies with international brand reputations and a large base of SMEs that manufacture finished products or are specialized in the production of single components/processes (such as the Brianza cluster, where Tisettanta operates). In this particular business ecosystem, ICT technologies can bring relevant support and improvements to the supply chain process, where collaborations between enterprises are put into action through the exchange of business documents such as orders, order confirmation, bills of lading, invoices, etc. The analysis methodology adopted in the Tisettanta case study refers to the TEKNE Methodology of Change (see Chapter 2), which defines a framework for supporting firms in the adoption of the Internetworked Enterprise organizational paradigm.

  11. STRATEGIC APPROACH TO SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN LOGISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian CHIRIMBU

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available According to its mission, the fundamental purpose of logistics is to contribute to the achievement of customer services in terms of efficiency. Company's performance in the supply chain is given by the delivery service. It must be established from the way the company responds to every order received from the customer as a result of implementing a strategy consisting of a series of specific decisions. A higher level of service requires those decisions to permit the firm to meet an optimal service level and a complete customer satisfaction in terms of price, time value of the invoice, goods arrived safely at their destination. The level at which an order is satisfied is a measure of the performance of the supply chain of the company and of the strategy applied by the company for its management.

  12. Sistema de Informação e Inovação em Órgão Público de Minas Gerais: sistema de autorização de impressão de documentos fiscais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Muylder, Cristiana Fernandes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This research evaluate the innovation of a certain state public service, from system deployment Issue Electronic Invoice in the state of Minas Gerais. This is a descriptive exploratory study. The public involved in this research were employees of Minas Gerais State Finance Department Superintendence that used the new e-gov software. There were two stages of research: onequantitative (survey and other based in interviews. The results showed improvement in productivity, quality, performance and cost savings to the user's external service. In conclusion we can see that the innovations incorporated in the organ studied were perceived by employees and demonstrated relationship with efficiency and effectiveness and also with the chan-link model. It also can be seen that the study advances in the diagnosis and analysis of innovative systems in the public sector and we may suggest use this research instrument is other organizations to compare results and indicate future improvements in the instrument.

  13. Designing a Virtual Center for E-Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doina ROSCA

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In the actual context of developing digital services, the promotion of a system that manages multiple e-commerce sites can be extremely valuable in increasing the economic effects for the companies. This paper presents the current stage of the experimental system design and implementation, an open system website-based (called Single Way for E-Commerce - SWEC having the goal to collaborate with many database servers of the companies that offer e-commerce sevices and also to interract with electronic payment and e-administration systems. This new approach allows the clients, after them authentication, to navigate on e-commerce websites and search different products, grouping on domains, companies and geographic areas. SWEC System will offer to the customer the opportunity to visualize and compare similar products, to order and receive a single invoice for all the products he wants to buy.

  14. THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN THE GLOBALISATION ERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DRAGOŞ STUPARU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation, the unavoidable process which the world entered, is affecting everyone of us in different ways. Globalization means growing permeability of all the boundaries such as time and space, national and state borders, borders of economy, branches and organizations and less tangible boundaries such as cultural standards and their assumptions. The advent of Internet has also a large effect on the acceleration of globalisation and the commerce in special. Electronic commerce (e-commerce refers to forms of transactions which are based on electronic data processing, among other things text, sound and picture, with the participation of organizations and individuals, on the Internet. Goods sold through the internet are: travel, clothes, groceries, consumer electronics and the pay of the invoices This paper present some aspects of the e-commerce process in Europe and Romania in 2006-2011 periods.

  15. Cost accounting at the Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron = DESY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-01-01

    The cost accounting procedure, consisting of accountings of cost type, burden centers and over-all projects, makes available comprehensive information at regular intervals. This procedure assists in the acquisition of data concerning the costs of the individual projects, data which at the same time form the basis for determining internal services which can be activated or for the invoicing of outside contracts. In addition, the cost accounting can insure a detailed comparison of debits and assests, if corresponding standards are established for cost type, burden centers and over-all projects. The cost accounting print-outs, published quarterly, are put at the disposal of the project commission, among others, which oversees the handling of technical projects, from project application through the planning stage and execution until completion. Further evaluations are planned, in particular, concerning the introduction of company code numbers as well as the projection of cost accounting results into future planning considerations. (author)

  16. The role of enterprise asset management system in the PVO group's business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaervinen, J.

    1998-01-01

    This presentation describes the role of the Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) and Enterprise Document Management (EDM) in the PVO Group's business. The use of the functionality of the EAM (Immpower) and EDM (Documentum) is not limited only to the plant maintenance. All power plants and some other business functions and units will use the system in the future for financial management, activity based costing, purchasing, of materials, office supplies and fuel, invoice matching, project budgeting and costing, real estate management etc. The technical service concept of IT solution is also described in this presentation. The Information Management Strategy development as background to the project is also outlined together with the company information. The benefits of the common EAM system and related business process needs are also described. (orig.)

  17. UBS INFORMATION

    CERN Multimedia

    UBS

    2002-01-01

    Many active people on the site of the CERN receive their banking mail via an internal address of the Organization. This choice has several consequences: The UBS cards, credit cards, passwords, lists to be crossed out for E-Banking, are transmitted in the usual mail of the CERN. The holders of account forget to communicate to the bank their changes of address. The data bases of the CERN and those of UBS not being, for obvious reasons, connected, the contact between the bank and the customer is broken, which can cause difficulties and lead to an unsatisfactory situation for all two parts. We underline that the sending, either via the CERN or in the private residence, does not modify the system of invoicing. For these reasons, we recommend you to ask for the sending of your banking mail to your place of residence and, in every cases, to communicate your changes of address. Your UBS

  18. Reducing tobacco use and access through strengthened minimum price laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Ian; Pearson, Anne; Laird-Metke, Elisa; Ribisl, Kurt

    2014-10-01

    Higher prices reduce consumption and initiation of tobacco products. A minimum price law that establishes a high statutory minimum price and prohibits the industry's discounting tactics for tobacco products is a promising pricing strategy as an alternative to excise tax increases. Although some states have adopted minimum price laws on the basis of statutorily defined price "markups" over the invoice price, existing state laws have been largely ineffective at increasing the retail price. We analyzed 3 new variations of minimum price laws that hold great potential for raising tobacco prices and reducing consumption: (1) a flat rate minimum price law similar to a recent enactment in New York City, (2) an enhanced markup law, and (3) a law that incorporates both elements.

  19. The Danish National Health Service Register (NHSR) as a Source for Research on Primary Care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John Sahl; Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Krasnik, Allan

    is small or absent. The possibilities for linking to other registers containing health and social information or with ad hoc collected data make NHSR an interesting research tool. Validity and coverage: All citizens registers with the personal identification number when contacting the health care system......Aim: To describe NHSR in relation to research. Content: The data in the register from general practice is generated through the GPs’ electronic invoices to the Regional Health Administration. Data from 1990 onwards is available covering more than 600 million patient contacts. For each service......: Identification number of the practice, referral to specialist and fees. 3. The service: Consultations, telephone consultations, home visits, e-mail consultations and preventive consultations. Also laboratory and additional services like anti-conception counselling are registered. The clinical information...

  20. The Impact of E-Cornerce on Transport Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregor Veselko

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of information technologies on transp011 serviceshas been very considerable in the last period. Along thesupply chain there is a variety of different activities going on,from ordering, invoicing, warehousing, shipment, insurance,custom clearance ... A long chain of subjects where each ofthem has an important role.Efficient and effective exchange of infO!mation between allthe involved parties seems to be a great challenge of today. Accomplishingthis will determine the best possible and sustainableposition on the logistics scene.Being successful in this environment today requires big organizationalefforts and financial investment in adequate technology.The basic task of such up-to-date technologies to providefast and reliable information flows between parties involvedin a certain business operation. There is therefore a needfor a good and sound information system.

  1. La gestión del acceso a las revistas electrónicas desde el punto de vista de un agente de suscripciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Enrique Vázquez-Moctezuma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The proliferation of electronic resources, technological advances and the Internet has led to a dramatic change in the operations of libraries, publishers and subscription agents. The libraries used agents to concentrate subscription orders, invoices and payments. The agent paid directly to the publisher on behalf of multiple libraries so that customers have the information requested.This paper mentions the main characteristics and expectation of electronic journals and their advantages over the printed journals. The role of the subscription agent is analyzed in the digital environment, which includes the process of managing access to electronic journals. We describe the main types of information providers, also how subscriptions are offered and validation systems for access to the e-journal.

  2. Tax Substitution and Accounting Firms: perceptions of the implementation process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Roberto da Silva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Accounting advisory services has been of great importance to the performance of Brazilian companies. The purpose of this research is to identify the experience that the accounting officer of external accounting advice obtained in the adoption of the ICMS tax substitution regime. The study sought to identify what were the main questions, which updates the actions of matter, the impact of the issue in accounting firms, if they had a work overload or not. The survey was conducted through multi case studies in a total of four cases of accounting firms. They were interviewed four managers / owners of accounting offices in the city of Guarulhos, Brazil. A research protocol applied to the four cases has been prepared. The result of the research was that accountants had difficulty with the systematic, calculating and filing of invoices where there was incidence of tax substitution.

  3. Proof of payment for all reimbursement claims

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    Members of the personnel are kindly requested to note that only documents proving that a payment has been made are accepted as proof of payment for any claims for reimbursement, including specifically the reimbursement of education fees. In particular, the following will be accepted as proof of payment: bank or post office bank statements indicating the name of the institution to which the payment was made; photocopies of cheques made out to the institution to which the payments were made together with bank statements showing the numbers of the relevant cheques; proof of payment in the form of discharged payment slips; invoices with acknowledgement of settlement, receipts, bank statements detailing operations crediting another account or similar documents. As a result, the following documents in particular will no longer be accepted as proof of payment: photocopies of cheques that are not submitted together with bank or post office bank statements showing the numbers of the relevant cheques; details of ...

  4. The Danish Organic Action Plan 2020

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Nina Nørgaard; Lassen, Anne Dahl; Løje, Hanne

    2015-01-01

    procurement measurements by two methods and to collect and discuss baseline organic food procurement measurements from public kitchens participating in the Danish Organic Action Plan 2020. Design Comparison study measuring organic food procurement by applying two different methods, one based on the use......Objective With political support from the Danish Organic Action Plan 2020, organic public procurement in Denmark is expected to increase. In order to evaluate changes in organic food procurement in Danish public kitchens, reliable methods are needed. The present study aimed to compare organic food...... of procurement invoices (the Organic Cuisine Label method) and the other on self-reported procurement (the Dogme method). Baseline organic food procurement status was based on organic food procurement measurements and background information from public kitchens. Setting Public kitchens participating in the six...

  5. The Accelerated Procedure for Electrical Work (TPA)

    CERN Document Server

    Coelingh, G J

    2000-01-01

    The accelerated procedure for electrical work [in French: Travaux électriques selon Procédure Accélérée (TPA)] was introduced in October 1996. It allows the contractor to carry out minor electrical installation jobs (about 350 a year) independently. The special features of the TPA are that the number of hours to be worked is limited to 16 and the cost to less than 1000 CHF. This procedure has substantial advantages for both the requesters and ST division. Firstly, the requester benefits from direct contact with the contractor, prompt action and simplified invoicing. In addition, ST division, relieved of ordinary minor work, can concentrate on larger-scale projects and can take advantage of a simplified system of administration. The author sets out the course of the procedure, its advantages and drawbacks, the statistics and the results of a satisfaction questionnaire. This procedure could be adapted and extended to other operations linked to future contracts.

  6. [Reliability of data on compliance with Constitutional Amendment 29 reported to the Public Healthcare Budget Information System by municipalities in Pernambuco State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Rogério Fabiano; Bezerra, Adriana Falangola Benjamin; Espírito Santo, Antônio Carlos Gomes do; Sousa, Islândia Maria Carvalho de; Duarte-Neto, Paulo J; Brito e Silva, Keila Silene de

    2009-12-01

    The present study analyzes the reliability of data on compliance with Constitutional Amendment 29 (CA29) reported to the Public Healthcare Budget Information System (known as SIOPS) by municipalities in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. A quantitative, analytical cross-sectional study was conducted using the years 2000 to 2005 as the reference. Invoices audited by the State Accounts Court were used as the parameter for determining reliability of the percentage of compliance with CA29 as reported to SIOPS, using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) to measure data agreement. The results show a mismatch between the databases, suggesting slight to moderate agreement between the SIOPS data and those from the State Accounts Court. The low degree of agreement may result from lack of consensus among municipalities regarding definition of health-related revenues and expenses or the existence of different criteria used by SIOPS and the State Accounts Court for calculating the CA29.

  7. Solar ventilation and tempering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adámek, Karel; Pavlů, Miloš; Bandouch, Milan

    2014-08-01

    The paper presents basic information about solar panels, designed, realized and used for solar ventilation of rooms. Used method of numerical flow simulation gives good overview about warming and flowing of the air in several kinds of realized panels (window, facade, chimney). Yearlong measurements give a good base for calculations of economic return of invested capital. The operation of the system in transient period (spring, autumn) prolongs the period without classical heating of the room or building, in winter the classical heating is supported. In the summer period the system, furnished with chimney, can exhaust inner warm air together with necessary cooling of the system by gravity circulation, only. System needs not any invoiced energy source; it is supplied entirely by solar energy. Large building systems are supported by classical electric fan respectively.

  8. Characteristics of nuclear contracts. Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blanchard, R.

    1976-01-01

    When nuclear contracts are concluded account should be taken of their conditions of validity: the capacity of parties to undertake such commitment, freedom of consent, accuracy and observance of formalities. Once concluded, the contract is binding for the parties, subject to certain restrictions such as the theory of the unforeseeable. The party which fails to execute the contract is subject to sanctions. In an agreement covering the supply of a nuclear installation or equipment, various documents are attached to the contract proper, i.e. the technical instructions, the invoice and the estimate. The special clauses in nuclear contracts, include inter alia the special obligations imposed on the staff of the undertakings, the requirements to take out third party liability insurance, the very stringent conditions regarding taking over the installations and the guarantee (NEA) [fr

  9. Modifications to the Rules of the CERN Health Insurance Scheme

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2010-01-01

    On the proposal of the CHIS Board, and following examination by the Standing Concertation Committee on 29 April 2010, the Director-General has approved the new Rules of the CERN Health Insurance Scheme, which will come into effect on 1 June 2010. The Rules will shortly be available on the CHIS web site. As the Rules had not been revised since 2003, it had become necessary to make certain changes in order to bring them into line with other texts (such as the Staff Rules and Regulations and Administrative Circulars) and to clarify some practices. The new Rules do not introduce any new benefits or remove any existing ones. The following changes will affect all insured members:   Description of change Articles in the new Rules Time limit for claiming reimbursement The time period is measured from the invoice date (instead of the date of treatment). ...

  10. Financial Assets [share, bonds] & Ancylia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksoed, Wh-

    2016-11-01

    Instead Elaine Scarry: "Thermonuclear monarchy" reinvent Carry Nation since Aug 17, 1965 the Republic of Indonesia's President speech: "Reach to the Star", for "cancellation" usually found in External Debt herewith retrieved from "the Window of theWorld": Ancylia, feast in March, a month named after Mars, the god of war. "On March 19 they used to put on their biggest performance of gymnastics in order to "bribe" their god for another good year", further we have vacancy & "vacuum tube"- Bulat Air karena Pembuluh, Bulat Kata karena Mufakat" proverb from Minangkabau, West Sumatra. Follows March 19, 1984 are first prototype flight of IAI Astra Jet as well as March 19, 2012 invoice accompanies Electric car Kujang-193, Fainancial Assets [share, bonds] are the answer for "infrastructure" & state owned enterprises assets to be hedged first initial debt per capita accordances. Heartfelt gratitudes to HE. Mr. Ir. Sarwono Kusumaatmadja/PT. Smartfren INDONESIA.

  11. Material management providing best value to TransAlta Utilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, S.

    1998-01-01

    Materials management functions at TransAlta Utilities were outlined in several overhead viewgraphs. The system includes purchasing, contracts, fleet management, inventory control and warehouses management. Various components of the system are depicted, including: (1) integrated information system, (2) materials management (MM) process flow, (3) key suppliers, (4) commodity categories, (5) performance evaluation process, (6) new ways of working with service suppliers, (7) location of staff in the field and head office, (8) contracts, (9) tracking key performance indicators, (10) blocked invoice performance, and (11) warehouse optimization and inventory control. Current initiatives are being reviewed with a view to reduce operations to a single service centre, based on the corporate objective to increase the value of MM by 20 per cent by the year 2000. 3 tabs., 4 figs

  12. Fish Rejections in the Marine Aquarium Trade: An Initial Case Study Raises Concern for Village-Based Fisheries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thane A Militz

    Full Text Available A major difficulty in managing wildlife trade is the reliance on trade data (rather than capture data to monitor exploitation of wild populations. Collected organisms that die or are rejected before a point of sale often go unreported. For the global marine aquarium trade, identifying the loss of collected fish from rejection, prior to export, is a first step in assessing true collection levels. This study takes a detailed look at fish rejections by buyers before export using the Papua New Guinea marine aquarium fishery as a case study. Utilizing collection invoices detailing the species and quantity of fish (Actinopteri and Elasmobranchii accepted or rejected by the exporting company it was determined that, over a six month period, 24.2% of the total fish catch reported (n = 13,886 was rejected. Of the ten most collected fish families, rejection frequency was highest for the Apogonidae (54.2%, Chaetodontidae (26.3%, and Acanthuridae (18.2% and lowest for Labridae (6.6% and Hemiscylliidae (0.7%. The most frequently cited reasons for rejection were fin damage (45.6% of cases, undersized fish (21.8%, and fish deemed too thin (11.1%. Despite fishers receiving feedback on invoices explaining rejections, there was no improvement in rejection frequencies over time (r = -0.33, P = 0.15 with weekly rejection frequencies being highly inconsistent (range: 2.8% to 79.4%; s = 16.3%. These findings suggest that export/import statistics can greatly underestimate collection for the marine aquarium trade as additional factors such as fisher discards, escapees, post-collection mortalities, and unregulated domestic trade would further contribute to this disparity.

  13. Fish Rejections in the Marine Aquarium Trade: An Initial Case Study Raises Concern for Village-Based Fisheries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Militz, Thane A; Kinch, Jeff; Foale, Simon; Southgate, Paul C

    2016-01-01

    A major difficulty in managing wildlife trade is the reliance on trade data (rather than capture data) to monitor exploitation of wild populations. Collected organisms that die or are rejected before a point of sale often go unreported. For the global marine aquarium trade, identifying the loss of collected fish from rejection, prior to export, is a first step in assessing true collection levels. This study takes a detailed look at fish rejections by buyers before export using the Papua New Guinea marine aquarium fishery as a case study. Utilizing collection invoices detailing the species and quantity of fish (Actinopteri and Elasmobranchii) accepted or rejected by the exporting company it was determined that, over a six month period, 24.2% of the total fish catch reported (n = 13,886) was rejected. Of the ten most collected fish families, rejection frequency was highest for the Apogonidae (54.2%), Chaetodontidae (26.3%), and Acanthuridae (18.2%) and lowest for Labridae (6.6%) and Hemiscylliidae (0.7%). The most frequently cited reasons for rejection were fin damage (45.6% of cases), undersized fish (21.8%), and fish deemed too thin (11.1%). Despite fishers receiving feedback on invoices explaining rejections, there was no improvement in rejection frequencies over time (r = -0.33, P = 0.15) with weekly rejection frequencies being highly inconsistent (range: 2.8% to 79.4%; s = 16.3%). These findings suggest that export/import statistics can greatly underestimate collection for the marine aquarium trade as additional factors such as fisher discards, escapees, post-collection mortalities, and unregulated domestic trade would further contribute to this disparity.

  14. EnergyFit Nevada (formerly known as the Nevada Retrofit Initiative) final report and technical evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvill, Anna; Bushman, Kate; Ellsworth, Amy

    2014-06-17

    The EnergyFit Nevada (EFN) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP, and referred to in this document as the EFN program) currently encourages Nevada residents to make whole-house energy-efficient improvements by providing rebates, financing, and access to a network of qualified home improvement contractors. The BBNP funding, consisting of 34 Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grants (EECBG) and seven State Energy Program (SEP) grants, was awarded for a three-year period to the State of Nevada in 2010 and used for initial program design and implementation. By the end of first quarter in 2014, the program had achieved upgrades in 553 homes, with an average energy reduction of 32% per home. Other achievements included: Completed 893 residential energy audits and installed upgrades in 0.05% of all Nevada single-family homes1 Achieved an overall conversation rate of 38.1%2 7,089,089 kWh of modeled energy savings3 Total annual homeowner energy savings of approximately $525,7523 Efficiency upgrades completed on 1,100,484 square feet of homes3 $139,992 granted in loans to homeowners for energy-efficiency upgrades 29,285 hours of labor and $3,864,272 worth of work conducted by Nevada auditors and contractors4 40 contractors trained in Nevada 37 contractors with Building Performance Institute (BPI) certification in Nevada 19 contractors actively participating in the EFN program in Nevada 1 Calculated using 2012 U.S. Census data reporting 1,182,870 homes in Nevada. 2 Conversion rate through March 31, 2014, for all Nevada Retrofit Initiative (NRI)-funded projects, calculated using the EFN tracking database. 3 OptiMiser energy modeling, based on current utility rates. 4 This is the sum of $3,596,561 in retrofit invoice value and $247,711 in audit invoice value.

  15. Implementation of a Shared Resource Financial Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, T.; Gerlach, R.; Israel, M.; Bobin, S.

    2010-01-01

    invoices before the billing, which has significantly reduced the number of unpaid invoices.

  16. Evolución del consumo de medicamentos de alto costo en Colombia Evolution of consumption of high-cost drugs in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Enrique Machado Alba

    2012-04-01

    674 517 in 20 cities of Colombia between 2005 and 2010 were analyzed. The anatomical therapeutic classification was considered, and the number of patients as well as monthly invoicing for each drug, the daily dose defined, and the cost per 1 ;000 inhabitants/day were defined. RESULTS: Over the entire study period, the amount invoiced for HCDs increased by 847.4%. Antineoplastic and immunomodulator drugs accounted for 46.3% of the total invoicing. The other drugs were anti-infectives (15.2%, systemic hormonal preparations (9.5%, and drugs for the nervous system (9.1%. Most of these drugs were prescribed at the daily doses defined as recommended by the World Health Organization, but with high costs per 1000 inhabitants/day. CONCLUSIONS: In Colombia a crisis has occurred in recent years due to the high spending generated by the most expensive drugs. The progressive growth of pharmaceutical spending is greater than the increased coverage by the country's health system. The Colombian health system should evaluate how much it is willing to pay for the most expensive drugs for some diseases and what strategies should be implemented to cover these expenses and thus guarantee access to the insured.

  17. Computerized commodity management system in Thailand and Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    that contains a client code similar to the code used in Thailand. An interrogative data entry program enhances the management function of the system. 8 reports can be individually issued: a status report on back orders by product; a status report on back orders by institution and product; a historical report of year to date shipments and value by product; a historical report of year to date shipments by client and product; year to date payment reports from each client; outstanding invoices by month for the previous 12 months; a product report showing the amount of each product or order with outstanding invoices; and a stock position report.

  18. Incremental analysis of the reengineering of an outpatient billing process: an empirical study in a public hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Kuan-Yu; Huang, Chunmin

    2013-06-13

    A smartcard is an integrated circuit card that provides identification, authentication, data storage, and application processing. Among other functions, smartcards can serve as credit and ATM cards and can be used to pay various invoices using a 'reader'. This study looks at the unit cost and activity time of both a traditional cash billing service and a newly introduced smartcard billing service in an outpatient department in a hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. The activity time required in using the cash billing service was determined via a time and motion study. A cost analysis was used to compare the unit costs of the two services. A sensitivity analysis was also performed to determine the effect of smartcard use and number of cashier windows on incremental cost and waiting time. Overall, the smartcard system had a higher unit cost because of the additional service fees and business tax, but it reduced patient waiting time by at least 8 minutes. Thus, it is a convenient service for patients. In addition, if half of all outpatients used smartcards to pay their invoices, along with four cashier windows for cash payments, then the waiting time of cash service users could be reduced by approximately 3 minutes and the incremental cost would be close to breaking even (even though it has a higher overall unit cost that the traditional service). Traditional cash billing services are time consuming and require patients to carry large sums of money. Smartcard services enable patients to pay their bill immediately in the outpatient clinic and offer greater security and convenience. The idle time of nurses could also be reduced as they help to process smartcard payments. A reduction in idle time reduces hospital costs. However, the cost of the smartcard service is higher than the cash service and, as such, hospital administrators must weigh the costs and benefits of introducing a smartcard service. In addition to the obvious benefits of the smartcard service, there is also scope

  19. A mobile field-work data collection system for the wireless era of health surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsell, Marianne; Sjögren, Petteri; Renard, Matthew; Johansson, Olle

    2011-03-01

    In many countries or regions the capacity of health care resources is below the needs of the population and new approaches for health surveillance are needed. Innovative projects, utilizing wireless communication technology, contribute to reliable methods for field-work data collection and reporting to databases. The objective was to describe a new version of a wireless IT-support system for field-work data collection and administration. The system requirements were drawn from the design objective and translated to system functions. The system architecture was based on fieldwork experiences and administrative requirements. The Smartphone devices were HTC Touch Diamond2s, while the system was based on a platform with Microsoft .NET components, and a SQL Server 2005 with Microsoft Windows Server 2003 operating system. The user interfaces were based on .NET programming, and Microsoft Windows Mobile operating system. A synchronization module enabled download of field data to the database, via a General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) to a Local Area Network (LAN) interface. The field-workers considered the here-described applications user-friendly and almost self-instructing. The office administrators considered that the back-office interface facilitated retrieval of health reports and invoice distribution. The current IT-support system facilitates short lead times from fieldwork data registration to analysis, and is suitable for various applications. The advantages of wireless technology, and paper-free data administration need to be increasingly emphasized in development programs, in order to facilitate reliable and transparent use of limited resources.

  20. Obligaciones legales de las asociaciones cooperativas bancos comunales en Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coromoto Aguilar González, Herleny

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available n Venezuela se promulga la Ley Especial de Los Consejos Comunales en el año 2006. El Consejo Comunal está constituido por tres órganos: Órgano Ejecutivo, Unidad de Gestión Financiera, y Unidad de Contraloría Social. La Unidad de Gestión Financiera o Banco Comunal adquirirá la figura jurídica de cooperativa, por consiguiente el presente trabajo tiene por objeto analizar los deberes formales que debe cumplir el Banco Comunal: 1. Inscribirse en los registros correspondientes; 2. Llevar Libros Legales; 3. Presentar Declaración Informativa de ISLR; 4. Practicar retención de ISLR; 5. Emitir factura de conformidad con lo establecido en la regulación venezolana.Venezuela promulgated the Special Law of the Communal Councils in 2006. The Communal Council is constituted by three agencies: Executive agency, Financial Management Unit, and Social comptroller Unit. The Financial Management Unit or Communal Bank will acquire the legal figure of a cooperative, therefore the present paper intends to analyze the formal duties established in the Venezuelan tax laws, that the Communal Bank must fulfil: 1. To register in the corresponding registration system; 2. Keep the accountancy Books required by tax laws; 3. To file an informative income tax return; 4. To practice income tax withholding; 5. To emit invoice in accordance with Venezuelan tax regulations.

  1. Out in front: while others preach e-dustry, Canada's oilfield general store already practices it

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lorenz, A.

    2000-01-01

    The story of how Franklin Supply, a Calgary-based oil and natural gas field equipment supply company has become the largest of its kind in just ten years under the leadership of John Gilbank, is chronicled. An aggressive campaign of acquisitions was part of the company's rise to prominence, which also involved a philosophy of being partners in outsourcing with oil and gas companies, meaning that Franklin Supply not only supplies equipment but works with its customers to streamline the process of ordering, invoicing, tracking and warehousing products. Constant and aggressive promotion of skills acquisition by employees, revising, simplifying and automating processes with customers' needs always uppermost in mind, are some of the other ingredients. Since 1992 the company has made eight acquisitions and grown from a staff of 140 to 450. In doing so, the company has brought in many new products, new customers, as well as new personnel, adding to the knowledge and experience base of the company. As a result, the company's computer system was overhauled and by teaming up with MRO.com Franklin's customers are able to browse on-line through a catalogue of some 55,000 products, with all the benefits of on-line procurement, which cuts transaction costs by 70 per cent. Today the company processes 200,000 transactions annually. One of its major customers is Talisman Energy; it is also the lead contractor to supply Shell Canada 's $2 billion Athabasca oilsands project in northern Alberta

  2. A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR ASSESSING THE FACTORING ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina Radoi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Originally–being over 4,000 years old–factoring was first used in the fertile territory of old Mesopotamia at a time when the famous Code of Hammurabi was drawn up. However, many years passed until the British colonists started to use it on a large scale at a time when the metropolis would pay them sums of money for the merchandise that colonists sent to the old continent until they collected the invoices.In Romania factoring started to play a major role in financial operations for it led to the increase of liquidities on the market.According to the Romanian legislation, factoring is a contract concluded between a party known as “the client”, which supplies merchandise or provides services, and a banking institution or specialized financial institution known as “the factor”, whereby the latter ensures the financing source, collects the receivables and protects credit risks, while the client assigns to the factor the receivables resulting from the sale of goods or the provision of services to third parties.

  3. It’s the workflows, stupid! What is required to make ‘offsetting’ work for the open access transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Geschuhn

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes the case for stronger engagement of libraries and consortia when it comes to negotiating and drafting offsetting agreements. Two workshops organized by the Efficiencies and Standards for Article Charges (ESAC initiative in 2016 and 2017 have shown a clear need for an improvement of the current workflows and processes between academic institutions (and libraries and the publishers they use in terms of author identification, metadata exchange and invoicing. Publishers need to invest in their editorial systems, while institutions need to get a clearer understanding of the strategic goal of offsetting. To this purpose, strategic and practical elements, which should be included in the agreements, will be introduced. Firstly, the 'Joint Understanding of Offsetting', launched in 2016, will be discussed. This introduces the ‘pay-as-you-publish’ model as a transitional pathway for the agreements. Secondly, this paper proposes a set of recommendations for article workflows and services between institutions and publishers, based on a draft document which was produced as part of the 2nd ESAC Offsetting Workshop in March 2017. These recommendations should be seen as a minimum set of practical and formal requirements for offsetting agreements and are necessary to make any publication-based open access business model work.

  4. Financial Planning and Management Practices of Electrical Contractors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucko Gunnar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Contractors must carefully manage their cash outflows (e.g., for materials to enable their work and inflows (after the work to be profitable, particularly in an economy that is still recovering from the 2008-2012 recession that grew out of the mortgage crisis. Their importance for business success is undisputed, as bankruptcies due to insufficient cash flow underline. Therefore, this study investigated current business practices of electrical contracting companies of different sizes with respect to their financial planning and management. A detailed questionnaire was developed with best guidelines on survey studies and pilot testing. It was sent to members of the National Electrical Contractors Association. Respondent anonymity was ensured. The survey recorded demographics, business practices, operating conditions, and other important factors using 57 subquestions. Each section allowed feedback to clarify the numerical responses. Responses were well distributed across company sizes, so that the results are representative for the entire industry. The results indicated that contractors generally have a substantial amount of experience in financial decision making. Their approach is conservative and focuses on healthy growth. Yet, opportunities to fine-tune business practices are identified, e.g., immediate invoicing, considering discounts to accelerate payment receipts, attempting to negotiate and use favorable credit terms, reviewing payment performance, and performing frequent cash flow forecasts. Some of the differences in the responses can be attributed to different company sizes. To help especially smaller companies in planning their cash flow, a spreadsheet for implementation has been created.

  5. Automated Functional Testing based on the Navigation of Web Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boni García

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Web applications are becoming more and more complex. Testing such applications is an intricate hard and time-consuming activity. Therefore, testing is often poorly performed or skipped by practitioners. Test automation can help to avoid this situation. Hence, this paper presents a novel approach to perform automated software testing for web applications based on its navigation. On the one hand, web navigation is the process of traversing a web application using a browser. On the other hand, functional requirements are actions that an application must do. Therefore, the evaluation of the correct navigation of web applications results in the assessment of the specified functional requirements. The proposed method to perform the automation is done in four levels: test case generation, test data derivation, test case execution, and test case reporting. This method is driven by three kinds of inputs: i UML models; ii Selenium scripts; iii XML files. We have implemented our approach in an open-source testing framework named Automatic Testing Platform. The validation of this work has been carried out by means of a case study, in which the target is a real invoice management system developed using a model-driven approach.

  6. Selection of population controls for a Salmonella case-control study in the UK using a market research panel and web-survey provides time and resource savings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mook, P; Kanagarajah, S; Maguire, H; Adak, G K; Dabrera, G; Waldram, A; Freeman, R; Charlett, A; Oliver, I

    2016-04-01

    Timely recruitment of population controls in infectious disease outbreak investigations is challenging. We evaluated the timeliness and cost of using a market research panel as a sampling frame for recruiting controls in a case-control study during an outbreak of Salmonella Mikawasima in the UK in 2013. We deployed a web-survey by email to targeted members of a market research panel (panel controls) in parallel to the outbreak control team interviewing randomly selected public health staff by telephone and completing paper-based questionnaires (staff controls). Recruitment and completion of exposure history web-surveys for panel controls (n = 123) took 14 h compared to 15 days for staff controls (n = 82). The average staff-time cost per questionnaire for staff controls was £13·13 compared to an invoiced cost of £3·60 per panel control. Differences in the distribution of some exposures existed between these control groups but case-control studies using each group found that illness was associated with consumption of chicken outside of the home and chicken from local butchers. Recruiting market research panel controls offers time and resource savings. More rapid investigations would enable more prompt implementation of control measures. We recommend that this method of recruiting controls is considered in future investigations and assessed further to better understand strengths and limitations.

  7. Encountered Difficulties of Female Research Assistants at Domestic and Business Life in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şule ERGÖL

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In our country which has patriarchal social structure in which the primary responsibility of a woman is her home and her family, female research assistant face problems while balancing their business and domestic life. Especially in the beginning of scholarship, and yet both students and research assistants have a professional working women to balance their work and family life with a gender perspective on the issues important to reveal the density. This study is a research in descriptive type made for the aim of determining the opinions of women working as research assistant regarding their business and family lives and the problems they meet, through the gender perspective. Sample of research is composed of 246 women who worked as research assistant. Data were collected by face-to-face interview method and data collection form developed by the researchers. Descriptive statics and Chi-square tests was used during the evaluation of data. It stated by 27.2 % of the female participators of the study that there is an inequality between men and women in business life. 31.7 % of the female research assistants think that to have a higher status than male causes problems in domestic life. It is determined that the roles imposed on woman at home traditionally (cooking, washing the dishes, laundering, ironing, cleaning the house, cloth repairing are performed by the most of the women included in research; and works such as repair of house, shopping, invoice payment are performed mostly by the man.

  8. Limitation of Liability and Governing Law for Accidents Occurring before Issuance of Bill of Lading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Sun Lee

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to verify the carrier's liability limitation through analyzing two cases. According to the court judgments in the two cases, if the accident occurs during the shipment without issuance of Bill of Lading (B/L, the reverse-side clause of B/L does not apply to the calculation of damage, and the law of the country most closely related to both parties is set as the governing law. The absence of a timely B/L often occurs in transport practice due to the complicated nature of transport practice. So, through analyzing the court judgments in the two cases, this study recommends that transport parties take precautions. First, in order to reduce and settle disputes arising from the absence of evidence of transportation contracts, it is necessary to issue a received B/L bearing in mind the risk of accidents occurring during the shipment process. Second, the use of a Sea Waybill (SWB which can be issued after the receipt of a cargo shipment, can be an alternative, except when a Letter of Credit (L/C requires a B/L. Finally, expanding the function of the Commercial Invoice (C/I to allow it to serve as evidence of the contract of carriage by inserting the contract of carriage phrase into the C/I when the B/L is not issued could be an alternative. Keywords: Limitation of Liability of Carrier, Governing Law, Bill of Lading

  9. AN INFORMATION SUB-SYSTEM MODEL FOR THE UTILIZATION OF THE RECEIPT PRINTER AS A MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENT IN THE SUPERMARKET SECTOR IN THE STATE OF SANTA CATARINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Ribeiro de Toledo Filho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The supermarket sector in the State of Santa Catarina, as well as other sectors, has invested in technology and information systems. Public authorities make legal requirements about this sector which, at first, serve only as fiscal control, as in the case of the Receipt Printer-RP. This paper aims to demonstrate how the RP is used in the companies studied. It also aims to show the feasibility of the RP as a tool for management purposes, with results in reducing expenses, costs and tax charges, by means of specific reports. An information subsystem model will be considered as a management tool with the use of the RP. The methodology adopted was quantitative, with an exploratory and deductive study. The universe of this study is the supermarket sector in the State of Santa Catarina, using a sample chosen by the invoicing criterion. The database was formed by questionnaires sent to the sector and other information provided by public agencies, through the use of special data from the State Department of Finance, which is responsible for the control of RPs. Results indicate that it is possible to use the RP as a management instrument.

  10. Determinants of willingness to pay for smart meters: An empirical analysis of household customers in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gerpott, Torsten J.; Paukert, Mathias

    2013-01-01

    As part of the move toward renewable energy sources in Germany it is expected that an increasing number of residential households will be equipped with communication-capable electricity metering systems (=“smart meters” [SM]). SM cause considerable investment and operating expenses. For providers of such systems one avenue to recoup SM costs is to explicitly invoice various SM price components to end customers. The feasibility of this strategy heavily depends on residential electricity customers' willingness to pay (WTP) for SM and, furthermore, an understanding of factors that have an impact on WTP. Therefore, the present article develops hypotheses on associations between three perceived SM benefit facets, one perceived intangible SM cost type as well as environmental awareness in general on the one hand, and WTP for SM on the other. The hypotheses are tested in a sample of 453 German-speaking residential electricity customers who filled in an online questionnaire. PLS analysis of the survey data reveals that trust in the protection of personal SM data and the intention to change one's electricity consumption behaviors after SM deployment are the constructs most strongly related to WTP for SM. Expectations regarding SM-triggered electricity volume saving and environmental awareness contributed less toward explaining WTP. Overall, the considered WTP antecedents left 72% of the criterion variance unaccounted for. Implications of the findings are discussed for electricity suppliers planning large-scale SM deployments and future research in the field of energy policy

  11. Automated management of radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Jamil, M. F.; Basar, M. R.; Tuwaili, W. R.

    2014-01-01

    For usage of radioactive substances, any facility has to register and take license from relevant authority of the country in which such facility is operating. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the authority for managing radioactive sources and providing licenses to organizations for its usage is the National Center of Radiation Protection (NCRP). This paper describes the system that automates registration and licensing process of the National Center of Radiation Protection. To provide 24×7 accesses to all the customers of NCRP, system is developed as web-based application that provide facility to online register, request license, renew license, check request status, view historical data and reports etc. and other features are provided as Electronic Services that would be accessible to users via internet. The system also was designed to streamline and optimize internal operations of NCRP besides providing ease of access to its customers by implementing a defined workflow through which every registration and license request will be routed. In addition to manual payment option, the system would also be integrated with SADAD (online payment system) that will avoid lengthy and cumbersome procedures associated with manual payment mechanism. Using SADAD payment option license fee could be paid through internet/ATM machine or branch of any designated bank, Payment will be instantly notified to NCRP hence delay in funds transfer and verification of invoice could be avoided, SADAD integration is discussed later in the document

  12. Features of VAT Accounting and Fiscality – History, Practices and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta ISAI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The value-added tax (VAT is an indirect tax, supported by the final consumer of the good/service that it is applied. During the productive and commercial cycle, the companies pay VAT according to the value added on the good/service. Quite recently appeared in the fiscal system of different states, VAT has a big spreading area. The taxation rates are different from a country to another, according to the economic conditions and the fiscal law (in EU, from 15% for Cyprus and Luxembourg to 27% for Hungary, and outside EU, from 3% for Iran, to 25% for Norway. In Romania, the rates are: the standard rate of 24% and the reduced rates of 9% and 5%, the payment term being monthly or quarterly, according to the company turnover. In the accounting and fiscality area, VAT presents special features, conditioned by the type of activity and the company size. In order to support the small companies, starting with 01.01.2013 the “VAT Encashment System” was introduced, that relates the VAT payability to the encashment moment of the invoice. The VAT impact on the profitability is an aspect that must be considered when we discuss about: costs, cash-flow, results, liquidity, solvency or efficiency rates.

  13. Economics and social impacts motivated by collecting the Intervention Contribution in Economical Dominium (CIDE) in the oil and gas sector; Os impactos economicos e sociais advindos da arrecadacao das Contribuicoes de Intervencao no Dominio Economico (CIDE) para o setor de petroleo e gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evaristo, Michelle Goncalves [Rio Grande do Norte Univ., Natal, RN (Brazil)]. E-mail: michelle@samnet.com.br

    2003-07-01

    This paper studies a kind of tax called, in Brazil, CIDE (Intervention Contribution in Economical Dominium), which object is the regulation of economy and the social and political impacts in businesses relating to oil petroleum, natural gas and oil products. Firstly, it defies this Contribution in order to understand the effects of its 'extra-fiscal' character to those activities. Analyses the alterations brought by the edition of the Constitutional Amendment no. 33/2001 and Law no. 10.336/2001, which inserted the CIDE in our tax ordering. It describes some problems that have afflicted the Authorities and the Government, as fuel adulteration, under invoice, many civil suits; by suggesting explanations and solutions for some of these economical impacts. The conclusion of this paper shows us that the wrong encashment of the CIDE can causes bad economic impacts to our society, since the Government State, passing through the distributor or the market of fuels, until the final consumer. However, the correct encashment of the CIDE has a bigger relevancy to the national economy, because its success corresponds to the success of the opening market. (author)

  14. Revealing the appetite of the marine aquarium fish trade: the volume and biodiversity of fish imported into the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhyne, Andrew L; Tlusty, Michael F; Schofield, Pamela J; Kaufman, Les; Morris, James A; Bruckner, Andrew W

    2012-01-01

    The aquarium trade and other wildlife consumers are at a crossroads forced by threats from global climate change and other anthropogenic stressors that have weakened coastal ecosystems. While the wildlife trade may put additional stress on coral reefs, it brings income into impoverished parts of the world and may stimulate interest in marine conservation. To better understand the influence of the trade, we must first be able to quantify coral reef fauna moving through it. Herein, we discuss the lack of a data system for monitoring the wildlife aquarium trade and analyze problems that arise when trying to monitor the trade using a system not specifically designed for this purpose. To do this, we examined an entire year of import records of marine tropical fish entering the United States in detail, and discuss the relationship between trade volume, biodiversity and introduction of non-native marine fishes. Our analyses showed that biodiversity levels are higher than previous estimates. Additionally, more than half of government importation forms have numerical or other reporting discrepancies resulting in the overestimation of trade volumes by 27%. While some commonly imported species have been introduced into the coastal waters of the USA (as expected), we also found that some uncommon species in the trade have also been introduced. This is the first study of aquarium trade imports to compare commercial invoices to government forms and provides a means to, routinely and in real time, examine the biodiversity of the trade in coral reef wildlife species.

  15. Revealing the appetite of the marine aquarium fish trade: the volume and biodiversity of fish imported into the United States.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew L Rhyne

    Full Text Available The aquarium trade and other wildlife consumers are at a crossroads forced by threats from global climate change and other anthropogenic stressors that have weakened coastal ecosystems. While the wildlife trade may put additional stress on coral reefs, it brings income into impoverished parts of the world and may stimulate interest in marine conservation. To better understand the influence of the trade, we must first be able to quantify coral reef fauna moving through it. Herein, we discuss the lack of a data system for monitoring the wildlife aquarium trade and analyze problems that arise when trying to monitor the trade using a system not specifically designed for this purpose. To do this, we examined an entire year of import records of marine tropical fish entering the United States in detail, and discuss the relationship between trade volume, biodiversity and introduction of non-native marine fishes. Our analyses showed that biodiversity levels are higher than previous estimates. Additionally, more than half of government importation forms have numerical or other reporting discrepancies resulting in the overestimation of trade volumes by 27%. While some commonly imported species have been introduced into the coastal waters of the USA (as expected, we also found that some uncommon species in the trade have also been introduced. This is the first study of aquarium trade imports to compare commercial invoices to government forms and provides a means to, routinely and in real time, examine the biodiversity of the trade in coral reef wildlife species.

  16. Evaluation of one year of operation of the biogas plant in Suchohrdly u Miroslavi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Moravec

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The manner of designing biogas plants is eagerly described by each and every seller or supplier of the respective technology. Numerous feasibility studies comprising forecasts of future operation featuring different quality levels have been written. However, it is rarely possible to obtain information comparing the anticipated future numbers and real values. Nevertheless, an evaluation of past operation of BGP is of utmost importance for calibration of the calculation methods used for designing of future BGPs. Information obtained on the basis of an evaluation is also useful for the purpose of verification of correct functionality of the equipment as well as optimisation of its operation with the objective of achieving the planned (or even better values of profitability of each respective project. A comprehensive analysis of a biogas plant is a project sensitive to accuracy of inputs. Measurements of amounts and quality of the feed substrate throughout the whole year, which comprises numerous criteria, is highly demanding and complicated, and therefore the objective of this evaluation is to analyze the performance, production and consumption of the biogas plant in the course of a calendar year (Schulz et al., 2004. Power measuring tasks are performed using calibrated gauges (which are mostly used for invoicing purposes, thus ensuring accuracy and credibility of the input data.

  17. Automated management of radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Jamil, M. F.; Basar, M. R.; Tuwaili, W. R. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

    2014-09-30

    For usage of radioactive substances, any facility has to register and take license from relevant authority of the country in which such facility is operating. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the authority for managing radioactive sources and providing licenses to organizations for its usage is the National Center of Radiation Protection (NCRP). This paper describes the system that automates registration and licensing process of the National Center of Radiation Protection. To provide 24×7 accesses to all the customers of NCRP, system is developed as web-based application that provide facility to online register, request license, renew license, check request status, view historical data and reports etc. and other features are provided as Electronic Services that would be accessible to users via internet. The system also was designed to streamline and optimize internal operations of NCRP besides providing ease of access to its customers by implementing a defined workflow through which every registration and license request will be routed. In addition to manual payment option, the system would also be integrated with SADAD (online payment system) that will avoid lengthy and cumbersome procedures associated with manual payment mechanism. Using SADAD payment option license fee could be paid through internet/ATM machine or branch of any designated bank, Payment will be instantly notified to NCRP hence delay in funds transfer and verification of invoice could be avoided, SADAD integration is discussed later in the document.

  18. RANCANG BANGUN SALES FORCE AUTOMATION BERBASIS ANDROID DI PT. X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenda Sogo Fanrensen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The existing system of PT. X used to insert sales data manually. While in field, Sales Force noted of the order from dealer/customer manually, then later insert it into company’s database. The repetitive data copying causes bigger risk of mistyping and unreliability, because Sales Force travels for weeks. Other problem is that too many paper wasted on Sales Order and Invoice. Furthermore, PT. X needs comprehensive document support for Sales Force to fulfill customer’s need of information. In this research, Sales Force Automation (SFA software that works online is chosen to meet the expectations. For document supply, due to the amount of documents needed, business taxonomy is made. Because the software is demanded to be easily accessed from wherever and whenever, Android is chosen as the hardware. The results obtained are various features for sales data management, such as view, add, edit, delete, and verification. The admin program supports the Sales Force work appraisal, notification, calculating Sales Force’s earnings per target ratio, Sales Force’s commission, et cetera. The SFA program supports the making of Sales Order, which is to be verified through SMS Gateway before inserted into company’s database, scheduling, et cetera.

  19. Mitigating delay and non-payment in the Malaysian construction industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamad, N.; Suman, A. S.; Harun, H.; Hashim, H.

    2018-02-01

    Construction industry is one of the industries that have contributed towards the rapid growth of development and economics in Malaysia. However, the industry is inundated with delay and non-payment issues between the two parties in contract that is the clients and contractors Even though there are contractual and administrative provisions in the standard forms of contract in Malaysia regarding payments, delay and non-payment issues still occur between them. The aim of the study is to develop measures to mitigate delay and non-payment issues between contractors and clients in the Malaysian construction industry. Questionnaire survey was conducted with clients and contractors in Klang Valley. Results from data analysis identified significant measures to mitigate delay and non-payment issues between contractors and clients which include contractors should submit their progress work invoicing with adequate documents; contractors should follow up constantly with client regarding payment; proper understanding of requirements with regards to payment; mutual discussion of problems with client to address problems in a timely manner and proper use of payment provisions in the standard form of contract. This study is significant to contractors and clients and to other construction players in order to reduce and minimise delay and non-payment issues for the growth of economy in the Malaysian construction industry.

  20. Automated management of radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S.; Jamil, M. F.; Basar, M. R.; Tuwaili, W. R.

    2014-09-01

    For usage of radioactive substances, any facility has to register and take license from relevant authority of the country in which such facility is operating. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the authority for managing radioactive sources and providing licenses to organizations for its usage is the National Center of Radiation Protection (NCRP). This paper describes the system that automates registration and licensing process of the National Center of Radiation Protection. To provide 24×7 accesses to all the customers of NCRP, system is developed as web-based application that provide facility to online register, request license, renew license, check request status, view historical data and reports etc. and other features are provided as Electronic Services that would be accessible to users via internet. The system also was designed to streamline and optimize internal operations of NCRP besides providing ease of access to its customers by implementing a defined workflow through which every registration and license request will be routed. In addition to manual payment option, the system would also be integrated with SADAD (online payment system) that will avoid lengthy and cumbersome procedures associated with manual payment mechanism. Using SADAD payment option license fee could be paid through internet/ATM machine or branch of any designated bank, Payment will be instantly notified to NCRP hence delay in funds transfer and verification of invoice could be avoided, SADAD integration is discussed later in the document.

  1. Baobab Laboratory Information Management System: Development of an Open-Source Laboratory Information Management System for Biobanking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendou, Hocine; Sizani, Lunga; Reid, Tim; Swanepoel, Carmen; Ademuyiwa, Toluwaleke; Merino-Martinez, Roxana; Meuller, Heimo; Abayomi, Akin; Christoffels, Alan

    2017-04-01

    A laboratory information management system (LIMS) is central to the informatics infrastructure that underlies biobanking activities. To date, a wide range of commercial and open-source LIMSs are available and the decision to opt for one LIMS over another is often influenced by the needs of the biobank clients and researchers, as well as available financial resources. The Baobab LIMS was developed by customizing the Bika LIMS software ( www.bikalims.org ) to meet the requirements of biobanking best practices. The need to implement biobank standard operation procedures as well as stimulate the use of standards for biobank data representation motivated the implementation of Baobab LIMS, an open-source LIMS for Biobanking. Baobab LIMS comprises modules for biospecimen kit assembly, shipping of biospecimen kits, storage management, analysis requests, reporting, and invoicing. The Baobab LIMS is based on the Plone web-content management framework. All the system requirements for Plone are applicable to Baobab LIMS, including the need for a server with at least 8 GB RAM and 120 GB hard disk space. Baobab LIMS is a server-client-based system, whereby the end user is able to access the system securely through the internet on a standard web browser, thereby eliminating the need for standalone installations on all machines.

  2. The Features of Functioning of VAT in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamaslo Olha T.

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the essence and features of value-added tax (VAT, the leading indirect tax in Ukraine, a part of which is the highest revenue to the State budget among all tax payments. The main advantages and disadvantages of functioning of VAT in the current management conditions have been determined. The chronology of appearance, the features of existence of VAT in different stages, and the evolution of legal and regulatory support for administration of the tax were researched. The mechanism for the VAT calculation, the current tax rates, features of functioning of the Single tax invoice register, and the tax reporting periods for VAT were considered in detail. The procedure of electronic administration of the value-added tax has been disclosed. The efficiency of the system of e-administration of VAT has been defined in the context of introduction of tax payer’s personal account. It has been concluded that the domestic taxation system requires further reforming, but a significant number of the mechanisms introduced are a positive step in the sphere of VAT administration.

  3. Deregulation and the Alberta experience : the implications for Ontario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Desrochers, J.P.

    2002-01-01

    An overview of the first year of electric power industry deregulation in Alberta was presented. The way in which electricity is bought and sold in Ontario and throughout North America is changing. Costs are no longer fixed and regulated. Electricity is becoming a commodity with high levels of price volatility. The paper presented hedging options for Alberta consumers, contracting lessons, market issues and lessons for Ontario. A comparison of Alberta's deregulation schedule with that of Ontario's was included. One year after market opening in Alberta, power prices have dropped significantly. There is a greater than expected demand side response, increased development in power generation, and a decrease in natural gas prices. Issues that still need to be addressed in Alberta include billing and load settlement issues, invoicing/billing standards, the lack of competition at the retail level, and future balancing of pool charges. Energy Advantage Inc. (EA) does not foresee the same drastic increase in price as seen in Alberta market opening, but suggests that uncertainty and volatility will exist in Ontario. In Alberta, customers who did nothing and stayed on default were the ones who benefited, but took a great risk. EA suggests that customers must understand how and when they use electricity, how much is used during on- and off-peak hours, and in the summer versus the winter. When electricity is priced hourly, it is important to know consumption patterns. 7 figs

  4. Exformatics Declarative Case Management Workflows as DCR Graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slaats, Tijs; Mukkamala, Raghava Rao; Hildebrandt, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Declarative workflow languages have been a growing research subject over the past ten years, but applications of the declarative approach in industry are still uncommon. Over the past two years Exformatics A/S, a Danish provider of Electronic Case Management systems, has been cooperating with res......Declarative workflow languages have been a growing research subject over the past ten years, but applications of the declarative approach in industry are still uncommon. Over the past two years Exformatics A/S, a Danish provider of Electronic Case Management systems, has been cooperating...... with researchers at IT University of Copenhagen (ITU) to create tools for the declarative workflow language Dynamic Condition Response Graphs (DCR Graphs) and incorporate them into their products and in teaching at ITU. In this paper we give a status report over the work. We start with an informal introduction...... to DCR Graphs. We then show how DCR Graphs are being used by Exformatics to model workflows through a case study of an invoice workflow. Finally we give an overview of the tools that have been developed by Exformatics to support working with DCR Graphs and evaluate their use in capturing requirements...

  5. Natural gas large volumes measurement: going for on-line custody transfer; Medicao de grandes volumes de gas natural: rumo a transferencia de custodia on-line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mercon, Eduardo G.; Frisoli, Caetano [PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    This paper describes the structure of the natural gas flow measurement process in TRANSPETRO, and comments features and performance of existing or under-implantation equipment and systems, reviewing best practices and technology in use. This process runs through three interrelated segments: data flow measurement, strictly speaking; data transfer and acquisition; and data flow measurement certification (data consolidation to invoice). Initially, the work makes an approach to the data flow measurement segment, evaluating technical features of flow meters, and describing configurations and functions of the operating gas flow computers in TRANSPETRO's custody transfer stations. In this part it will also be presented the implantation of TRANSPETRO's system for gas chromatography data input on-line to flow computers. Further, in data transfer and acquisition, SCADA system technical aspects will be evaluated, considering communications protocols and programmable logic controllers functions in remote terminal units, and discussing their places in the measurement process. Additionally, TRANSPETRO's experience in data measurement certification tools is in discussion, as well as new upcoming tools and their potential features, from what new practices will be suggested. Finally, all the work has been conceived and carried out always aiming to the state-of-the-art technology in gas flow measurement: on-line custody transfer. (author)

  6. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Bryks

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and “expert witnesses” who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant, basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability.

  7. The effects of voice and manual control mode on dual task performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickens, C. D.; Zenyuh, J.; Culp, V.; Marshak, W.

    1986-01-01

    Two fundamental principles of human performance, compatibility and resource competition, are combined with two structural dichotomies in the human information processing system, manual versus voice output, and left versus right cerebral hemisphere, in order to predict the optimum combination of voice and manual control with either hand, for time-sharing performance of a dicrete and continuous task. Eight right handed male subjected performed a discrete first-order tracking task, time-shared with an auditorily presented Sternberg Memory Search Task. Each task could be controlled by voice, or by the left or right hand, in all possible combinations except for a dual voice mode. When performance was analyzed in terms of a dual-task decrement from single task control conditions, the following variables influenced time-sharing efficiency in diminishing order of magnitude, (1) the modality of control, (discrete manual control of tracking was superior to discrete voice control of tracking and the converse was true with the memory search task), (2) response competition, (performance was degraded when both tasks were responded manually), (3) hemispheric competition, (performance degraded whenever two tasks were controlled by the left hemisphere) (i.e., voice or right handed control). The results confirm the value of predictive models invoice control implementation.

  8. Diagnosis and improvement proposals for the Ezeiza Atomic Center quality management system by carrying out the third laboratories workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eliosoff, Nilda M.

    2003-01-01

    By the end of 2001 the management of the Ezeiza Atomic Center (EAC) under the National Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina, stated the necessity of carrying out a survey of its laboratories. The purpose of this survey was to get information that would allow to assess the quality of the laboratories and the services they perform, including the degree of implementation of the management systems. In order to comply with this purpose fourteen EAC's laboratories were studied. The information obtained was related to the staff, their training, the kind of tasks they perform as services or as research and development, the customers, the amount of invoicing, the premises, the equipment and the adapting and implementation of the quality management system. With the results obtained from the survey a report was issued. Economic, Financial, Commercial and Human Resources workshops as well as Technical Aspects and Quality Management workshops were organized. These workshops were to go deep into the analysis of the information obtained and to generate improvement proposals of the different subjects. (author)

  9. Reducing Energy Waste through Eco-Aware Everyday Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan López-de-Armentia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Society wastes much more energy than it should. This produces tons of unnecessary CO2 emissions. This is partly due to the inadequate use of electrical devices given the intangible and invisible nature of energy. This misuse of devices and energy unawareness is particularly relevant in public spaces (offices, schools, hospitals and so on, where people use electrical appliances, but they do not directly pay the invoice to energy providers. Embedding intelligence within public, shared appliances, transforming them into Eco-aware things, is valuable to reduce a proportion of the unnecessarily consumed energy. To this end, we present a twofold approach for better energy efficiency in public spaces: (1 informing persuasively to concerned users about the misuse of electronic appliances; (2 Customizing the operating mode of this everyday electrical appliances as a function of their real usage pattern. To back this approach, a capsule-based coffee machine placed in a research laboratory has been augmented. This device is able to continuously collect its usage pattern to offer feedback to coffee consumers about the energy wasting and also, to intelligently adapt its operation to reduce wasted energy. To this aim, several machine learning approaches are compared and evaluated to forecast the next-day device usage.

  10. Badali recommends simplified bills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2003-01-01

    A report on the variety of retail electricity bills across the province, authored by Salvatore Badali of Deloitte Consulting, was recently released by the Ontario Government. The report was commissioned by the Government to examine the underlying reasons for the significant format differences and the wide variation of fixed and variable charges among the approximately 95 local electricity distribution companies across the province. Regarding the appropriateness of the charges the report recommends common definitions for local distribution company (LDC) fixed and variable costs, and consideration of options for reducing LDC charges, mainly by consolidating the sector and sharing such services as customer billing, accounting and out sourcing operations. Seven recommendations deal with bill simplification. These include bills that are clear and easy to read and provide sufficient information for consumers to verify charges; promote energy conservation, e.g. by including historical information; allow comparisons between retail suppliers and distributors; accommodate revenue collection, marketing needs and other billing services. The report also recommends clearly defined and consistently used terminology for standardized line items, suggests ways to provide consumer information in a form useful for making energy conservation decisions, development of an LDC scorecard to enable stake holders to compare their own LDCs with LDCs around the province, creation of a conservation and bill calculation website, consideration of further use of shared services, and solutions to address the removal of line losses from invoices

  11. To Rabi Hamiltonian through their Time Dependent Terms can be Reckons as Fractals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosary-Oyong, Se, Glory

    2016-03-01

    For light-matters interactions, ever replies by theLate HE. Mr. Prof M. Barmawi through Bose-Einstein condensates matter-waves ever retrieves [Boyce & DiPrima, 2015] instead of Richard Courant cq HE. Mr. Prof. Sudjoko Danusubroto's LKTM, Lustrum VI ITB, March 2, 1984. Follows ``Modified kernel to Quantum systems thorough Laplace inverse transformation'' whereas ``karyon'' in prokaryotes/eukaryotes meant as well as `kernel' , have been sought for `growth curve' & `potential of proton to other protons' the time dependent terms cos (ωt)exp[-iωot] whose integration y = sin ωt + c proves to be fractals h. 3 guided by Rabi Hamiltonian from Isidor Isaac Rabi,1944. Accompanying ``the Theory of Scale Relativity'' from Laurent Nottale/LUTH, the proofs of considerances whereas `time also are fractals', from Norways for Infra OMAN soughts a benchmark portfolio from Kjell Storvik, 2004: ``Socially Responsible Investment Strategies for the Norwegian Petroleum Fund'' whereas the Rabi frequency ? = 2 ɛ.deg/h can be relatively in comparisons expressed of capacitive [E.d/h]. Acknowledgment to HE. Mr. AUGUST PARENGKUAN if accepts 1995-2005 Invoicing & Fulfillments to ``KOMPAS'' cq the Prodi of Physics ITB.

  12. ARQUIVAR A VIDA: UMA POSSIBILIDADE PARA O ENSINO DE HISTÓRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geyso Dongley Germinari

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The current article looks into the problem of using historical documents found infamily files. Such files are composed by photographs, birth certificates, invoices,working papers among other historical sources kept in drawers and in house cabinetsor cuddies. Using that theme as starting point, the research sought to understand thepossibilities and limitations offered by the use of family files in the history-teachingof primary-school-first-grade classes. In order to achieve that goal, a field-researchwas carried out with two primary-school teachers from Pinhais (a city in the surroundingarea of Curitiba, the capital city of the State of Paraná Brazil. The researchmethodology was based on the interpretive/qualitative research applied to education,which served as guide for the collection of data, which, in turn was done by means ofproceeding with observations made during the class–preparation time and throughinterviews with the teachers. The results enabled to set up indicators in order to createa methodology of history-teaching for the first grades of primary-school focused onhistorical documents obtained from family files.

  13. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryks, Sam

    2011-01-01

    The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals) as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and “expert witnesses” who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant), basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability. PMID:26467732

  14. Royalty rules : Alberta producers are now beholden to formal regulations for reporting royalty payments to government levy collectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cook, D.

    2006-01-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Regulation was established by the Alberta Department of Energy in July 2005 in order to clarify the rules governing conventional crude oil royalties. The regulation provides an incentive for industry to comply with the long-existing oil royalty reporting requirements through the addition of non-compliance penalties. An initial shadow billing system has been implemented to give industry the opportunity to understand their responsibilities and implement procedures to correct reporting and delivery inaccuracies. Battery operators in Alberta must now submit a royalty report to the Alberta Petroleum Marketing Commission on a monthly basis. The regulation provides provisions for interest charges on outstanding invoiced amounts, and formalizes existing eligibility requirements for the reimbursement of trucking costs associated with transporting the Crown's share. Penalties will be incurred if royalty reports contain erroneous information, or if the actual deliveries made are less than the prescribed royalty quantity. All penalties levied by the commission will now be sent to the battery operator in a monthly statement. Battery operators who wish to appeal their penalties may do so within 2 months after the date of the monthly statement. It was concluded that industry is not expected to experience any significant problems when the regulation comes into effect, as the 6 month shadow billing period will allow companies to make a smooth transition to the requirements of the new regulation. Details of information sessions for the new regulation were provided, as well as details of various non-compliance penalties. 1 fig

  15. Mempermudah Pengawasan Operasional dan Keuangan di Biro Perjalanan dengan Menggunakan Aplikasi Gtass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Furry Arifin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Some travel agencies have difficulty in monitoring the operational control and generating financial report. This is due to the operation of the data storage for business transactions conducted separately , and the reporting of the financial statements company are still found not in accordance with the bank reconciliation . In this study, the methodology the system development life cycle (SDLC is used ranging from data collection through interview, observation and study of the literature up to the stage of application development, namely the analysis phase in the travel agency using the method of direct observation of the flow through the reporting process. After that, go into the design stages of database design methods and user interface. Global Travel Agency System Solutions (GTASS product is the integration system designed specifically for the corporate travel agency that exists to facilitate control operations, such as creating a bill (invoice, Letter of Gurantee (LG and financial oversight as receipts and expenditure of money. With the ease of processing, then the presentation of the financial statements can be done automatically. Important early financial supervision carried out by the travel agency due to an increase in sales without adequate consideration of financial supervision, will lead to the emergence of new problems, which in turn will hamper efforts to increase the sales.

  16. Integrated natural gas pipeline control and customer service system of Gasum; Le systeme integre de controle des canalisations de gaz et de service au consommateur chez Gasum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aho, J.; Manty, O.; Ahlnas, B. [Gasul Oy (Finland)

    2000-07-01

    Due to the rapid development of the information technology, ageing is not the only driving force for replacing old computer systems with more sophisticated ones. The Finnish natural Gas company, Gasum Oy, has recently taken into use a new control and monitoring system for natural gas pipeline. A special customer service system, developed by Gasum Oy, is closely connected to monitoring system. It provides up-to-date information to all customers of Gasum Oy. The information is layered in three confidential levels: general information, operational data and invoicing information. The system is operating interactively in confidential Extranet. Inside Gasum Oy to meet the needs of departments outside the control room, a new GID system is developed. GID is a way to present pipeline process data and its further modifications with a very user-friendly interface based on geographical map. The system is based on data warehouse architecture and it is working on company's Intranet. This makes it possible to present various secrecy level information based on user ID. Gasum's new SCADA is not only the base for operating the pipeline, but it also provides lot of vital information to other systems serving different user groups within natural gas business in Finland. (authors)

  17. Explaining primary healthcare pharmacy expenditure using classification of medications for chronic conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivas, David; Guadalajara, Natividad; Barrachina, Isabel; Trillo, José-Luis; Usó, Ruth; de-la-Poza, Elena

    2011-11-01

    The Valencian Autonomous Community (Spain) has implemented a scheme of purchasing services with the participation of public and private providers. Five districts are managed using public-private partnership. The financing model is capitation and inter-center invoice. The pharmaceutical benefits are not included in the per capita assignment. Modeling and explaining pharmacy expenditure using electronic prescriptions drug data. A database of electronic prescription corresponding to 625,246 patients between November 2008 and October 2009 was used to run four linear models that explain the pharmaceutical expenditures. We take as dependent variable the neperian log of total pharmacy annual cost per patient in the primary health setting. The independent variables used combined demographics with revised classification in 18 chronic conditions obtained from the anatomical therapeutic chemical classification index (ATC). The retrospective model selected included: gender, pharmaceutical co-payment status and 8 dummy variables for the number of chronic conditions of each patient from 1 to 8 or more. The goodness-of-fit achieved is measured in R(2) of 57%. These models must be considered in the current capitation system for pharmaceutical budgeting in a primary care setting established at regional level, as is the case in the Valencian Autonomous Community. The use of diagnostics and information regarding hospital encounters appears to be a complementary option for refining models of capitation of pharmaceutical and total health expenditure. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Web-based data management for a phase II clinical trial in ALS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchsbaum, Richard; Kaufmann, Petra; Barsdorf, Alexandra I; Arbing, Rachel; Montes, Jacqueline; Thompson, John L P

    2009-01-01

    The objective was to report on the creation, features and performance of a web-based data management system for a two-stage phase II randomized clinical trial of Co-Enzyme Q10 in ALS. We created a relatively comprehensive web-based data system that provided electronic data entry; patient management utilities; adverse event reporting, safety monitoring, and invoice generation; and standardized coding for medications and adverse events. In stage 1, clinical sites submitted 7207 forms reporting on 105 patients followed for 10 months. Less than 0.7% of submitted forms contained errors. At the time of the delivery of the analysis data set, only four errors remained unresolved. Data were available quickly, with a median time from event to data posting of two days. The data set was locked and the analysis data set produced nine days after the final patient visit. A survey of trial personnel yielded generally positive feedback, with 75% of respondents wishing to use a similar system in the future. Given sufficient resources, a comprehensive web-based data management system can meet the need for clean, available data in clinical trials in ALS and similar diseases, and can contribute significantly to their efficient execution.

  19. The Church, too, is to pay for 'nuclear electricity'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1982-01-01

    The Regional Court (LG) of Essen in an appeal lodged by the plaintiff (electric utility company) against a protestant parish for payment of electricity rates retained (10 per cent) and for further declaration of the defendant's obligation to pay, by ruling dated September 30, 1981 - 15 S 136/81 - has modified the decree issued at first instance by the District Court (AG) of Gelsenkirchen on March 30, 81, to the effect that the defendant has the obligation to pay also in future to the plaintiff without curtailment such electricity rates and advance payments as will be invoiced by the latter in accordance with the power supply contracts concluded between plaintiff and defendant in writing in connection with the general conditions governing the supply of electric power from the low-voltage power supply systems, and also if the plaintiff should continue to provide the defendant with electric power generated by nuclear power plants'. The defendant was not adjudged the right to refuse payment on grounds of conscience. (orig./HP) [de

  20. Natural gas measurement process development in PETROBRAS system: new concepts and challenges; Desenvolvimento do processo de medicao de gas natural no sistema PETROBRAS: novos conceitos e desafios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correa, Carlos Alexandre L. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Mercon, Eduardo G. [PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    Considering the wide increase of natural gas participation in the Brazilian energetic source matrix, this paper describes, comments and analyzes how the natural gas flow measurement process has been structured in PETROBRAS, so that it become a potential factor of this increase. Initially, the work makes a metrological approach of measured volumes, based on volumetric balance of the gas flow in the two principals pipe segments of PETROBRAS gas line network, localized in the Brazilian southeast and northeast systems. This approach runs through the investigation of several parameters that have influence on that balance, considering field installation improvement and normative adjustments, sketching aims and suggesting best practices for its optimization. Further, it will be described PETROBRAS' systems being in use to provide natural gas flow measurement control and management, from available data in transporters' SCADA system to billing, and to integrate the processes of: shipping scheduling; transmission and delivering; real time supervision; and consolidation of these information for invoicing. (author)

  1. Competitividad en la cadena de suministro en la industria de aire acondicionado y refrigeracion: sintomas, reacciones y propuestas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayagoitia, G.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The international markets are complete focus on the reduction of waste, this means increment of operative systems in matter to be at the top market competitiveness. From that perspective this paper will be present it as an alternative to the managers that includes into his daily agenda the continuous operative development. The balance between the customer requirements, the production capability and the procurement of the raw material, are element that impact the financial side of all companies and based on the achievement of these element will determinate the profit level and the increment of his competitiveness. The supply chain is tied to two key elements: 1 Quality & 2 Inventory, playing a critical role until the raw material is process to increment the add value, according the specification of the customers, and shipped, invoiced and pay from the customer based that the money always is a key issue. This paper will have 3 key elements: 1 Review of the current literature of inventory management, 2 symptoms analysis – and reactions of the companies with high inventory levels, plus the quality review and 3 Action plant to revert the phenomena and competitiveness achievements.

  2. The effects of nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis on the length of hospital stay and cost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundeslioglu, Özlem O; Tekin, Recep; Cevik, Saliha; Palanci, Yılmaz; Yazıcıoglu, Atilla

    2016-02-28

    In this study, the goal was to evaluate the impact of nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis in pediatric patients by determining the incidence of nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis, the resulting duration of hospital stay, and direct cost. To our knowledge, this is the first study in Turkey that evaluates the impact of pediatric nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis on duration of hospital stay and calculates the direct cost. Forty-nine patients who were diagnosed with nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis and hospitalized were included in the study. Nosocomial infection rates, organ systems affected by the nosocomial infections, and patients who had nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis were identified. A direct cost analysis of patients who were diagnosed with nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis was performed using copies of the invoices for the hospital bills. During the study period, there were 49 cases of nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis. The length of hospitalization was extended, on average, by more than 6.3 days in cases of nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis. The cost of hospitalization for patients with nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis was on average 1,554 ± 2,067 US dollars, compared to a cost of only 244 ± 103 US dollars for patients who did not have nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis. This difference in cost was statistically significant (p gastroenteritis is important because it significantly prolongs hospital stay and increases the social and economic burden of the hospitalization. Nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis can be reduced with prevention measures such as handwashing, isolation, and cohorting.

  3. Systémová korupce jako empirický výzkum: případ města Liberec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Langr

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Systemic corruption is not a failure of individuals, i.e. the result of their deviant behaviour, but a collective phenomenon shared mainly by public institutions as a whole. The phenomenon is based on an effort to establish a new set of corrupt norms inside such institutions affecting policymaking, administrative procedures, public procurements, and the behavior of employees etc. In spite of the fact that impacts of systemic corruption on the areas of government, civil freedoms, social cohesion, and public economy are well known, there is very little practical research involving concrete evidence of systemic corruption in particular cases. This paper attempts to clarify how to generate a set of indicators of systemic corruption and then identify and verify them in a real-life political environment – in our specific case, the administration and policymaking of Liberec City Council between 1998 and 2010. The research was based upon elaborated interviews (with politicians, public servants, prosecuting authorities etc., document analysis (reports and papers of the city council and municipal government, contracts and invoices etc., and political and media analysis. The results are significant, as only an understanding of how a corrupt system really works can lead to the implementation of suitable anticorruption measures.

  4. A STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF COLLECTIVE URBAN TRANSPORT IN SPAIN USING THE FIVE FORCES MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Ortega, Alba

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The transport sector in Spain is a branch of economic activity which is already of great importanceaccording to its own invoicing, value added and occupation figures, in addition to its indirect economic effects. It has an additional strategic value for economic policy, since it constitutes a fundamental part ofthe cost of placing products on increasing markets in a competitive manner. The mobility and trans-portation of passengers in cities in turn plays an essential role in the economic and social activity. All of these reasons, in addition to the recent significant problems of ustainability which this priority sector is currently confronting in all aspects, justify an interest in a study which attempts to obtaina profile of this public service by using a strategic analysis through the application of the traditional Porter Five Forces Model. The application of this model will allow us to obtain a general strategic vision which, when combined with a maturity analysis, ill provide a more in-depth knowledge of the object under study, that will serve as a basis for subsequent analyses of the collective urban public transport service.

  5. Perancangan Sistem Manajemen Restoran dengan Aplikasi Pemesanan Restoran Berbasis Mobile dalam Jaringan Lokal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manggala Raka Perkasa

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In modern times, like today, the role of software or applications that run on top of the platform is very important. This is because almost all of the work done by the people, made by the software or application. Applications can be used to assist in the processing of data and upload the final report. Data recorded previously processed by the paper can be recorded and processed by the application so that more efficiently.Development of an information systemin this study using the method of waterfall. Waterfall model consist of: requirements, design, implementation, testing and maintenance. For the start of the design, developer need to observations or interviews to determine the needs of the system that being developed. Application developed using the framework Codeigniter. System Management Restaurant build for help uses that has restaurant to manage activity in there like order menu, processing menu in kitchen, make invoice for custumer, and generate report of finance. This application can be expected to help user in process data efficiently so thet improve wuality of restaurant in terms of service and time. This system has a 5 user that consisting of waiters, chef, cashiers, manager, owner which every user has different privilege. System management restaurant developed using web-based programming which support in mode client server and uses MySQL as a database management storage.

  6. STUDY ON THE APPLICATION OF CASH ACCOUNTING SYSTEM FOR VAT IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ECOBICI NICOLAE

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The cash accounting system for VAT has been implemented in Romania as of 1 January 2013 and now turns one year of application in Romania. Since its implementation the system has sparked controversy, being harshly criticised by professional accountants in Romania and elsewhere. Criticisms mainly concerned the following issues: no possibility to choose to apply the system, breach of the VAT neutrality principles, maximum period of 90 days to postpone the chargeability of VAT for unpaid deliveries, while VAT deduction was subject to payment of the value of goods and services invoiced without specifying any term. In this article we would like to examine the extent to which the legislative changes that came into effect as of 1 January 2014 improve the cash accounting system for VAT in Romania. We will also analyse to what extent the system applied in 2013 has brought advantages/disadvantages to the economic entities in Romania based on a survey carried out on a heterogeneous sample of companies in the county of Gorj, regarded as nationally representative. Finally, we intend to compare the cash accounting system for VAT in Romania with its UK counterpart.

  7. SENECA NATION FINAL REPORT Installation of a 1.5MW WIND TURBINE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giacobbe, Anthony [Seneca Nation, Salamanca, NY (United States)

    2017-09-21

    In February 2014, Seneca Energy and the Seneca Nation officially kicked off the Cattaraugus wind turbine project. The project began with a nine month NEPA study, which resulted in a Finding of No Significant Impact on 10/5/2015. The Seneca Construction Management Company was responsible for the oversight of the civil and foundation construction which commenced shortly after the FONSI was finalized. In April 2017, the Seneca Nation paid its first $25 credit to residents enrolled in the “Seneca Electricity Credit Program”. The $25 credit is applied directly to resident’s utility invoices and will total $300 of savings every year and ~$8,000 of savings over the project lifecycle. The Seneca Nation has already paid $40,000 towards resident’s electricity bills since the commissioning of the wind turbine in April 2017. The Seneca Electricity Credit Program was one of the primary driving factors for the project and we continue to have additional residents enroll for the program each month. Our goal is to continue to add residents to our credit program and assist them in keeping electricity rates down, so that they can use their money for other necessary living expenses. The Seneca Nation and Seneca Energy are extremely proud of the Cattaraugus wind turbine as well as all of the other exciting energy projects taking place on territory. We are continuing to follow our Strategic Energy Plan as we move forward towards achieving energy self-sufficiency.

  8. Evaluating the impact of ICT-tools on health care delivery in sub-Saharan hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verbeke, Frank; Karara, Gustave; Nyssen, Marc

    2013-01-01

    This research explores to what extent Information and Communication Technology (ICT)-based information management methods can help to improve efficiency and effectiveness of health services in sub-Saharan hospitals and how clinical information can be made available for secondary use enabling non-redundant reporting of health- and care performance indicators. In the course of a 6 years research effort between 2006 and 2012, it was demonstrated that patient identification, financial management and structured reporting improved dramatically after implementation of well adapted ICT-tools in a set of 19 African health facilities. Real-time financial management metrics helped hospitals to quickly identify fraudulent practices and defective invoicing procedures. Out-patient case load significantly increased compared to the national average, average length of stay has been shortened in 15 of 19 health facilities and global hospital mortality decreased. Hospital workforce-evaluated impact of hospital information system implementation on local working conditions and quality of care was very positive. It was demonstrated that local sub-Saharan health professionals strongly believe in the importance of health information systems.

  9. Fiddle at financing of Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beer, G.

    2003-01-01

    Slovak police found out and documented racket in financing of third and fourth block of Mochovce NPP. Damage should be 144 millions Slovak crowns. Investigator consequently accused twenty-three Slovaks from foundation, trump up and supporting of criminal group and deception. Two persons are suggested to be taken to custody. Skoda Praha, which was general supplier of construction for 1,5 billions Slovak crowns, in 2001 allowed to create a connection to let the finances between Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava as investor and Skoda as subcontractor to be paid through three mediator companies. Companies got authorization to balance the relationship among all interested subjects. Confused network of 118 treaties was created. They invoiced reward from money current based on these treaties. Reward represented up to 70 per cent of transferred resources in some cases. According to Minister of Domestic Affairs Vladimir Palko it will be necessary to find out where is actually the money. For the time being nobody from NPP is among accused. (Author)

  10. [The new financial compensation system PEPP: an ethical analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollmann, J

    2014-11-01

    The new compensation system for psychiatric and psychosomatic institutions (German acronym: PEPP) not only constitutes a change in billing practices, but also necessitates an ethical investigation and analysis of possible consequences of the new legislation for those affected in practice. Following the presentation of the new PEPP and its consequences for psychiatric practice, problems and areas of conflict will be analyzed from an ethical perspective and discussed. Ethical conflicts exist in the following areas: (1) in the attempt to standardize inpatient care and invoicing for mental illnesses, (2) in poorer treatment for severely ill patients in view of degressive per diem rates, (3) in false incentives due to threshold values e.g. for 1:1 health professional-patient ratios in the case of coercive measures and (4) due to the inappropriate use of a supposed normative neutral quantitative economic model for a qualitative work area that often takes place in human border zones such as complex inpatient care of severely mentally ill patients. The ethical analysis of PEPP reveals that apart from the limited opportunities to improve efficiency, there is a considerable ethical risk of loss of quality in psychiatric inpatient care in particular for severely and chronically mentally ill patients.

  11. Profitability analysis of a femtosecond laser system for cataract surgery using a fuzzy logic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trigueros, José Antonio; Piñero, David P; Ismail, Mahmoud M

    2016-01-01

    To define the financial and management conditions required to introduce a femtosecond laser system for cataract surgery in a clinic using a fuzzy logic approach. In the simulation performed in the current study, the costs associated to the acquisition and use of a commercially available femtosecond laser platform for cataract surgery (VICTUS, TECHNOLAS Perfect Vision GmbH, Bausch & Lomb, Munich, Germany) during a period of 5y were considered. A sensitivity analysis was performed considering such costs and the countable amortization of the system during this 5y period. Furthermore, a fuzzy logic analysis was used to obtain an estimation of the money income associated to each femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (G). According to the sensitivity analysis, the femtosecond laser system under evaluation can be profitable if 1400 cataract surgeries are performed per year and if each surgery can be invoiced more than $500. In contrast, the fuzzy logic analysis confirmed that the patient had to pay more per surgery, between $661.8 and $667.4 per surgery, without considering the cost of the intraocular lens (IOL). A profitability of femtosecond laser systems for cataract surgery can be obtained after a detailed financial analysis, especially in those centers with large volumes of patients. The cost of the surgery for patients should be adapted to the real flow of patients with the ability of paying a reasonable range of cost.

  12. Role of the tunisian central pharmacy in the import of radio-pharmaceutical products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souissi Jaziri, Camelia; Moulahi, L.

    2013-01-01

    HEALTHCARE GROUP AG) (28 pour cent), GE HEALTHCARE LIMITED (15.3 pour cent) and BEBIG (6.8 pour cent). Analysis of radioactive products showed that: 24 products on 155 imported products (15,48 pour cent), represent 80 pour cent of the global value of the imported products. Regarding the consumption of the 4 main customers, the analysis shows that SALAH AZAIZ institute used (47.2 pour cent), HABIB BOURGUIBA Sfax hospital (21.4 pour cent), SAHLOUL hospital, Sousse (9.9 pour cent), and the military hospital of Tunis (7.9 pour cent). These four institutions correspond to 80 pour cent of the sales. The distribution of the sales by category of customer (public - private) is rather stable for the last three years and is around 88 pour cent for public and of 12 pour cent for the private. Among problems encountered by the Tcp associated with the provision of radiopharmaceuticals products we can mention: a direct agreement between the customer and the supplier, a withdrawal of the customer for certain scheduled deliveries and so times totally or partially received products, a reception of radiopharmaceuticals products having a low activity with respect to that required, recorded delays in the receipt of purchase orders from customers, PCT clears radiopharmaceuticals products urgently on the basis of a proforma invoice. Any delays in the submission of final invoices from the supplier involve penalties. To conclude, the Tcp plays an intermediate role between the supplier of radioisotopes and the users. Therefore it needs an accredited laboratory of quality control to accomplish its mission which requires the recruitment of at least a radio pharmacist. It is important to draw attention to the necessity of providing training in radio-protection to the staff involved in the handling, storage, and transport of radioisotopes. (Author)

  13. Box-Jenkins analysis for shark landings in Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Bonilla

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Sharks are highly vulnerable to intense and prolonged fishery extraction. This article analyzes the data on shark landings from the artisan fishing fleet on Costa Rica’s Pacific coast between 1988 and 1997. The data come from an invoicing system administered by the Costa Rican Fisheries Institute (Instituto Costarricense de la Pesca y Acuacultura, INCOPESCA. Pacific coast shark fishing during the period under study represented approximately 20% of the total national fisheries volume. According to data from the invoicing system, the Northern Pacific region was the most productive, reporting 58% of the shark catch nationwide. Within this region, shark fishing in Papagayo Gulf represented 91% and 53% of the landings by fishery region and nationwide, respectively. The mid-sized and advanced (length of boat > 10 meters artisan fishing fleets reported 96% of the shark catches in the zone. The study of shark fisheries in the Papagayo Gulf zone is crucial for an understanding of fishery dynamics for this resource at the national level. A monthly chronological series was constructed with the landings in the Papagayo Gulf zone, and a Univariate Box-Jenkins (UBJ Model was estimated for first-order moving averages MA(1 with a seasonal component of the Yt = lambda a t + gamma S12 + a t typeEn este trabajo, se analizaron los datos de desembarque de tiburón de la flota pesquera artesanal en el Pacífico costarricense entre 1988 y 1997. Los datos provienen de un sistema de facturas administrado por el Instituto Costarricense de la Pesca (INCOPESCA. En el Pacífico, la pesca de tiburón en el período de estudio representó aproximadamente el 20% del volumen total de pesca a nivel nacional. De acuerdo con los datos del sistema de facturas, la región del Pacífico Norte fue la más productiva, reportando un 58% de los desembarques de tiburón a nivel nacional. En esta región, la pesca de tiburón en la zona del Golfo de Papagayo reportó 91% y 53% de los

  14. PEMBUATAN SISTEM INFORMASI AKUNTANSI TERKOMPUTERISASI ATAS SIKLUS PEMBELIAN DAN PENJUALAN PADA CV. X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Handojo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available CV. X is still using a manual accounting system. They use a note for recording account receivable and account payable. Calculating total sales and profit do in manually. It takes a large amount of time to get some information that needed. Therefore an adequate accounting information system is needed in order to proceed an automate journalizing and to produce information accurately and quickly. First step in building accounting information system is to analyze and watch closely to the company's existing system. And the second step is to design the accounting information system, which can fulfill and appropriate with the company needs. The accounting information system is formed from integration of sales, purchasing and accounting/recording process. Including in sales are establishing sales order, checking available inventory for sale (stock and customer's credit limit. Including in purchasing is establishing purchase order until receiving and recording purchase invoice. Including in accounting/recording are journalizing, posting and reporting income statement. This software is using Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 as the database and Borland Delphi 7.0 as the compiler. Implementation for the whole software has gained 72.5% for user's satisfaction. Therefore it can be conclude that software has already fulfilled and appropriate with the needs of the company's system. But there also have some weakness to handle. This software helps in accelerating and simplifying the recording process and reporting income statement process. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Sistem akuntansi pada CV. X masih menggunakan cara manual yaitu pencatatan piutang pada kartu piutang dan pencatatan hutang pada kartu hutang. Perhitungan total penjualan dan keuntungan dilakukan manual, sehingga membutuhkan waktu yang lama untuk mendapatkan informasi yang diinginkan. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan sistem informasi akuntansi yang memadai, untuk memproses pencatatan secara otomatis dan

  15. Expanding our understanding of the trade in marine aquarium animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew L. Rhyne

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The trade of live marine animals for home and public aquaria has grown into a major global industry. Millions of marine fishes and invertebrates are removed from coral reefs and associated habitats each year. The majority are imported into the United States, with the remainder sent to Europe, Japan, and a handful of other countries. Despite the recent growth and diversification of the aquarium trade, to date, data collection is not mandatory, and hence comprehensive information on species volume and diversity is lacking. This lack of information makes it impossible to study trade pathways. Without species-specific volume and diversity data, it is unclear how importing and exporting governments can oversee this industry effectively or how sustainability should be encouraged. To expand our knowledge and understanding of the trade, and to effectively communicate this new understanding, we introduce the publically-available Marine Aquarium Biodiversity and Trade Flow online database (https://www.aquariumtradedata.org/. This tool was created to communicate the volume and diversity of marine fishes and/or invertebrates imported into the US over three complete years (2008, 2009, and 2011 and three partial years (2000, 2004, 2005. To create this tool, invoices pertaining to shipments of live marine fishes and invertebrates were scanned and analyzed for species name, species quantities, country of origin, port of entry, and city of import destination. Here we focus on the analysis of the later three years of data and also produce an estimate for the entirety of 2000, 2004, and 2005. The three-year aggregate totals (2008, 2009, 2011 indicate that just under 2,300 fish and 725 invertebrate species were imported into the US cumulatively, although just under 1,800 fish and 550 invertebrate species were traded annually. Overall, the total number of live marine animals decreased between 2008 and 2011. In 2008, 2009, and 2011, the total number of individual

  16. Simulation for Teaching Orthopaedic Residents in a Competency-based Curriculum: Do the Benefits Justify the Increased Costs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nousiainen, Markku T; McQueen, Sydney A; Ferguson, Peter; Alman, Benjamin; Kraemer, William; Safir, Oleg; Reznick, Richard; Sonnadara, Ranil

    2016-04-01

    Although simulation-based training is becoming widespread in surgical education and research supports its use, one major limitation is cost. Until now, little has been published on the costs of simulation in residency training. At the University of Toronto, a novel competency-based curriculum in orthopaedic surgery has been implemented for training selected residents, which makes extensive use of simulation. Despite the benefits of this intensive approach to simulation, there is a need to consider its financial implications and demands on faculty time. This study presents a cost and faculty work-hours analysis of implementing simulation as a teaching and evaluation tool in the University of Toronto's novel competency-based curriculum program compared with the historic costs of using simulation in the residency training program. All invoices for simulation training were reviewed to determine the financial costs before and after implementation of the competency-based curriculum. Invoice items included costs for cadavers, artificial models, skills laboratory labor, associated materials, and standardized patients. Costs related to the surgical skills laboratory rental fees and orthopaedic implants were waived as a result of special arrangements with the skills laboratory and implant vendors. Although faculty time was not reimbursed, faculty hours dedicated to simulation were also evaluated. The academic year of 2008 to 2009 was chosen to represent an academic year that preceded the introduction of the competency-based curriculum. During this year, 12 residents used simulation for teaching. The academic year of 2010 to 2011 was chosen to represent an academic year when the competency-based curriculum training program was functioning parallel but separate from the regular stream of training. In this year, six residents used simulation for teaching and assessment. The academic year of 2012 to 2013 was chosen to represent an academic year when simulation was used equally

  17. A mobile field-work data collection system for the wireless era of health surveillance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Forsell

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In many countries or regions the capacity of health care resources is below the needs of the population and new approaches for health surveillance are needed. Innovative projects, utilizing wireless communication technology, contribute to reliable methods for field-work data collection and reporting to databases. The objective was to describe a new version of a wireless IT-support system for field-work data collection and administration. The system requirements were drawn from the design objective and translated to system functions. The system architecture was based on field-work experiences and administrative requirements. The Smartphone devices were HTC Touch Diamond2s, while the system was based on a platform with Microsoft .NET components, and a SQL Server 2005 with Microsoft Windows Server 2003 operating system. The user interfaces were based on .NET programming, and Microsoft Windows Mobile operating system. A synchronization module enabled download of field data to the database, via a General Packet Radio Services (GPRS to a Local Area Network (LAN interface. The field-workers considered the here-described applications user-friendly and almost self-instructing. The office administrators considered that the back-office interface facilitated retrieval of health reports and invoice distribution. The current IT-support system facilitates short lead times from field-work data registration to analysis, and is suitable for various applications. The advantages of wireless technology, and paper-free data administration need to be increasingly emphasized in development programs, in order to facilitate reliable and transparent use of limited resources.

  18. Management von Article Processing Charges - Herausforderungen für Bibliotheken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Geschuhn

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Seit mehreren Jahren betreiben Hochschulbibliotheken Publikationsfonds, um Open-Access-Artikelgebühren, Article Processing Charges, für die Autorinnen und Autoren ihrer Einrichtungen zu übernehmen. Der dynamische Anstieg der Open-Access-Publikationen in den letzten Jahren wirft die Frage auf, ob die derzeitigen Verfahren zwischen Verlagen und wissenschaftlichen Einrichtungen stabil genug sind und bei einer vollständigen Umstellung auf Open Access skalieren. Die Max Planck Digital Library übernimmt derzeit jährlich zentral Gebühren für etwa 600 Open-Access-Artikel aus der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die strategischen Hintergründe dieser zentralen Kostenübernahme und zeigt anschließend die einzelnen Prozessschritte sowie die Hürden hierbei auf. Die größten Desiderate im Hinblick auf die Etablierung effizienter und nachhaltiger Prozesse sind optimierte Artikel-Einreichungssysteme, eine bessere Autorenidentifizierung sowie ein vereinheitlichtes, verbessertes Reporting. Dedicated funds for Open Access publishing have been a strategic instrument at German university libraries for some years. The dynamically growing number of Open Access publications raises the question whether the processes for handling article processing charges (APC between libraries and publishers are organized sustainably enough to support a full transition to Open Access. On behalf of Max Planck researchers, the Max Planck Digital Library centrally processes about 600 invoices for Open Access articles per year. This paper explains the strategic background and also describes the individual steps which are necessary for assuming charges centrally and the barriers which can emerge during this process. In order to establish smooth and scalable processes, the main desiderata are the optimization of article submitting systems, a better author identification and allocation, and improved reporting.

  19. Clean water billing monitoring system using flow liquid meter sensor and SMS gateway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahmi, F.; Hizriadi, A.; Khairani, F.; Andayani, U.; Siregar, B.

    2018-03-01

    Public clean water company (PDAM) as a public service is designed and organized to meet the needs of the community. Currently, the number of PDAM subscribers is very big and will continue to grow, but the service and facilities to customers are still done conventionally by visiting the customer’s home to record the last position of the meter. One of the problems of PDAM is the lack of disclosure of PDAM customers’ invoice because it is only done monthly. This, of course, makes PDAM customers difficult to remember the date of payment of water account. Therefore it is difficult to maintain the efficiency. The purpose of this research is to facilitate customers of PDAM water users to know the details of water usage and the time of payment of water bills easily. It also facilitates customers in knowing information related to the form of water discharge data used, payment rates, and time grace payments using SMS Gateway. In this study, Flow Liquid Meter Sensor was used for data retrieval of water flowing in the piping system. Sensors used to require the help of Hall Effect sensor that serves to measure the speed of water discharge and placed on the pipe that has the same diameter size with the sensor diameter. The sensor will take the data from the rate of water discharge it passes; this data is the number of turns of the mill on the sensor. The results of the tests show that the built system works well in helping customers know in detail the amount of water usage in a month and the bill to be paid

  20. Intra-hospital organ and tissue donation coordination project: cost-effectiveness and social benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Vanessa Silva e; Moura, Luciana Carvalho; Leite, Renata Fabiana; de Oliveira, Priscilla Caroliny; Schirmer, Janine; Roza, Bartira De’ Aguiar

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the viability of a professional specialist in intra-hospital committees of organ and tissue donation for transplantation. METHODS Epidemiological, retrospective and cross-sectional study (2003-2011 and 2008-2012), which was performed using organ donation for transplants data in the state of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil. Nine hospitals were evaluated (hospitals 1 to 9). Logistic regression was used to evaluate the differences in the number of brain death referrals and actual donors (dependent variables) after the professional specialist started work (independent variable) at the intra-hospital committee of organ and tissue donation for transplantation. To evaluate the hospital invoicing, the hourly wage of the doctor and registered nurse, according to the legislation of the Consolidation of Labor Laws, were calculated, as were the investment return and the time elapsed to do so. RESULTS Following the nursing specialist commencement on the committee, brain death referrals and the number of actual donors increased at hospital 2 (4.17 and 1.52, respectively). At hospital 7, the number of actual donors also increased from 0.005 to 1.54. In addition, after the nurse started working, hospital revenues increased by 190.0% (ranging 40.0% to 1.955%). The monthly cost for the nurse working 20 hours was US$397.97 while the doctor would cost US$3,526.67. The return on investment was 275% over the short term (0.36 years). CONCLUSIONS This paper showed that including a professional specialist in intra-hospital committees for organ and tissue donation for transplantation proved to be cost-effective. Further economic research in the area could contribute to the efficient public policy implementation of this organ and tissue harvesting model. PMID:26487290

  1. C1-1: Portfolio Management: Using Lean Tools to Support Project Teams with Grant Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinig, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Background/Aims Group Health Research Institute (GHRI) utilizes Lean tools and techniques to enhance customer service, monitor compliance, and enhance project team interactions and communications. GHRI’s Grants and Contracts Administration (GCA) recently used Lean tools to design and implement a grant “portfolio management” system and process to support Principal Investigators (PIs). The system tracks six key indicators of funded grants: award status, budgetary spend rate, effort reporting, subaward execution, subawardee invoicing, and progress reporting. The process allows issues to be identified, tracked, and resolved early on with the project team before any serious problems arise. Methods GCA conducted a series of stakeholder interviews to determine the viability of quarterly portfolio review meetings. Project teams liked the idea of discussing the PI’s portfolio, but were leery about quarterly meetings. Therefore, we constructed a process that maximized technology and built in flexibility regarding quarter meetings. The six key indicators were selected, defined, and placed on a dashboard in SharePoint. Each PI has a customized SharePoint page with a calendar showing all major grant deadlines and deliverables; a folder of documents related to the rankings and discussion during each quarterly meeting; and an issue tracker to follow-up on team-identified issues and problems requiring attention. Customer satisfaction data was also collected after each initial quarterly meeting. Results As of October 2012, approximately 25 face-to-face meetings and 5 virtual meetings (i.e., materials and links emailed to the project team) have been completed (210 projects and 85 subawards will have been reviewed by the end of 2012). Satisfaction survey data indicates over 75% of team members (22 of 30 individuals) like the face-to-face meetings and hope to continue the quarterly review process. Conclusions The new portfolio management process has been received favorably by

  2. Implementing the GISB standards in Canada - electronic gas trading

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anderson, I.

    1999-01-01

    Standards promulgated by the Gas Industry Standards Board (GISB) in the United States, its objective and applicability in Canada are discussed. The standards, while sponsored by an American trade organization, have had significant Canadian input, and are considered applicable throughout North America, although implementation in Canada is voluntary. In developing the standards, the intent of the GISB was to developing business practice and electronic commerce standards for the natural gas industry. Despite voluntary application in Canada, Canadians are affected by the standards since some 50 per cent of Canadian gas is exported to U.S. consumers, and U.S. gas is imported for Canadian consumers in certain parts of the country. In actual fact. a Canadian GISB Implementation Task Force has been established to develop recommendations for Canadian implementation. The task force is broadly representative of the industry and published its report in March of 1997. It explains the nature of the standards and provides details about the definition of 'gas day' , nomination schedules, accounting issues, electronic delivery mechanisms, capacity release, standard unit of measure for nominations, confirmations, scheduling, measurement reports and invoicing. Questions regarding electronic contracting and enforceability of electronic contracts also have been reviewed. Details are currently under consideration by a Working Group. Status of contracts under the Statute of Frauds, the Evidence Act and the Interpretation Act is reviewed, and legislative requirements in Canada to make electronic commerce legally enforceable are outlined. At present electronic transactions would likely be enforceable provided they are preceded by a paper-based Electronic Commerce Trading Partner Agreement

  3. Analysis of an option to finance the investment in a nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Villanueva M, C.

    2011-11-01

    According to the recent projection of costs of electric generation published by the International Atomic Energy Agency, with a rate of discount of 10% annual the even unitary cost of a nuclear power station of 1,400 MW of capacity would be 98. 75 USD 2010 /MWh, while for a combined cycle of same capacity that burns natural gas the cost it would be 92. 11 USD 2010 /MWh, operating the power stations with a capacity factor of 85% to generate 10,424 annual G Wh. To 5% annual, the costs would decrease at 58. 53 USD 2010 /MWh for the nuclear energy and at 85. 77 USD 2010 /MWh for the combined cycle. In an indifference analysis of the price of natural gas against the investment cost in the nuclear, with a rate of discount of 10% annual the common cost would be 97. 31 USD 2010 /MWh, when the even price of the natural gas was 10. 50 USD 2010 /G J and simultaneously the unitary cost of investment of the nuclear was 4,023 USD 2010 /kw. Under similar conditions, if the investment in the nuclear power station was 4,163 USD 2010 /Kw to redeem it in 60 years of economic useful life the equivalent annuity would be of USD 2010 790.060 millions that would have the same value of the annual invoice of the natural gas consumed by the combined cycle power station to the price of 12. 00 USD 2010 /G J. Then, as example of an excellent option of the Federal Commission of Electricity to finance with own resources budget them a new nuclear power station, the investment could redeem annually with the savings that it would represent to stop to burn natural gas when displacing the equivalent generation in central of combined cycle. (Author)

  4. Energy in the strategy to Sahel Development : Situation - Perspectives - Recommendations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    Burkina Faso does not have fossil energy source. The problem of energy thus arises with acuity for the rural and urban populations. The energy sources used are primarily the hydrocarbons, electrical energy, the woody fuels as new and renewable energies which are the biomass, the solar energy and the wind energy. The hydrocarbons are 100% imported, which makes the country very depend on over sea with respect to its conventional energy supply. These imports represent, for the years 1987 to 1992, 12 to 29% of the export earnings of the country. In addition to this dependence, there is a great weakness of the electrical communication and the too high cost of energy which led to the development of a strategic planning of the scientific research centered on the energy sector. In this field, research made it possible to undertake a study of the Burkina Faso energy system, to evaluate and exploit solar energy and wind mill, to develop the use of new methods allowing the energy saving in the households and the safeguard of the environment. In addition research shows that an economy is possible in the administrative buildings. Work is undertaken on air-conditioning by evaporation, the technology of the cold and the valorization of nonfood plant oils. There is also a work done on the de-pollution of industrial waste water, the energy valorization of the biomass as well as the improvement of the technology of the dolo, local beer containing sorghum. All these scientific research activities aim at the definition of a development policy on the energetic sector which takes into account the reduction of the cost of energy, the access of the populations to this resource, the reduction in the invoice of oil products imports as well as the promotion of environmental protection, the industrial development and that of the new methods of local technology as regards energy in Burkina Faso [fr

  5. Intra-hospital organ and tissue donation coordination project: cost-effectiveness and social benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Silva e Silva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To evaluate the viability of a professional specialist in intra-hospital committees of organ and tissue donation for transplantation.METHODS Epidemiological, retrospective and cross-sectional study (2003-2011 and 2008-2012, which was performed using organ donation for transplants data in the state of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil. Nine hospitals were evaluated (hospitals 1 to 9. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the differences in the number of brain death referrals and actual donors (dependent variables after the professional specialist started work (independent variable at the intra-hospital committee of organ and tissue donation for transplantation. To evaluate the hospital invoicing, the hourly wage of the doctor and registered nurse, according to the legislation of the Consolidation of Labor Laws, were calculated, as were the investment return and the time elapsed to do so.RESULTS Following the nursing specialist commencement on the committee, brain death referrals and the number of actual donors increased at hospital 2 (4.17 and 1.52, respectively. At hospital 7, the number of actual donors also increased from 0.005 to 1.54. In addition, after the nurse started working, hospital revenues increased by 190.0% (ranging 40.0% to 1.955%. The monthly cost for the nurse working 20 hours was US$397.97 while the doctor would cost US$3,526.67. The return on investment was 275% over the short term (0.36 years.CONCLUSIONS This paper showed that including a professional specialist in intra-hospital committees for organ and tissue donation for transplantation proved to be cost-effective. Further economic research in the area could contribute to the efficient public policy implementation of this organ and tissue harvesting model.

  6. A new type of radiological tester. The external employee. Results and problems to be solved in Hungarian radiotherapy at the advent of EU enlargement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jung, J.

    2003-01-01

    In the past years Hungary has witnessed the appearance of such self-employees as the industrial radiologist, who does not possess the equipment (ionizing beam source) necessary to perform the analysis. Such a radiologist is marketing among companies that have permission to perform radiographic activity its workforce, professional knowledge, perhaps the usage of its own car made apt for the transport of radioactive material. Costs are decreased by the fact that this radiologist is issuing an invoice and the companies with permission are operating with smaller permanent staff. Nevertheless, this scheme is not legal, as finally the activity is performed by such a person or enterprise that has no legal permission to perform activity in radiation hazard environment. On this problem is going to help the 30/2001 (X.3) Ministry of Health regulation dealing with the radiation protection on workplace of external employees that has incorporated the 90/64/EURATOM directive and has been modified with the 18/2002 (IV.12) regulation. The 30/2001 (X.3) regulation has solved several problems of radiation protection of the external employees. However, it does not deal at all with naturalization of radiation protection training an important questions of the employment as external employees of foreign citizens who wish to work in this field in Hungary. This problem is valid both if a company that has permission wishes to employ foreign citizens that have foreign radiation protection training, or if a company with headquarters abroad wishes to get permission for radiation hazard activity in Hungary for its own employees. The author wishes to draw the attention on the importance to solve these problems. (Gy. M.)

  7. Aquarium Trade Supply-Chain Losses of Marine Invertebrates Originating from Papua New Guinea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Militz, Thane A; Kinch, Jeff; Southgate, Paul C

    2018-04-01

    A major difficulty in managing live organism wildlife trade is often the reliance on trade data to monitor exploitation of wild populations. Harvested organisms that die or are discarded before a point of sale are regularly not reported. For the global marine aquarium trade, identifying supply-chain losses is necessary to more accurately assess exploitation from trade data. We examined quality control rejections and mortality of marine invertebrates (Asteroidea, Gastropoda, Malacostraca, Ophiuroidea) moving through the Papua New Guinea marine aquarium supply-chain, from fisher to importer. Utilizing catch invoices and exporter mortality records we determined that, over a 160 day period, 38.6% of the total invertebrate catch (n = 13,299 individuals) was lost before export. Supply-chain losses were divided among invertebrates rejected in the quality control process (11.5%) and mortality of the accepted catch in transit to, and during holding at, an export facility (30.6%). A further 0.3% died during international transit to importers. We quantified supply-chain losses for the ten most fished species which accounted for 96.4% of the catch. Quality control rejections (n = 1533) were primarily explained by rejections of oversized invertebrates (83.2% of rejections). We suggest that enforceable size limits on species prone to size-based rejections and elimination of village-based holding of invertebrates would reduce losses along the Papua New Guinea supply-chain. This case study underscores that low mortality during international transit may mask large losses along supply-chains prior to export and exemplifies the limitations of trade data to accurately monitor exploitation.

  8. DETERMINATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING LENGTH OF STAY WITH MULTINOMIAL LOGISTIC REGRESSION IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Öğr. Gör. Rukiye NUMAN TEKİN

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Length of stay (LOS has important implications in various aspects of health services, can vary according to a wide range of factors. It is noticed that LOS has been neglected mostly in both theoratical studies and practice of health care management in Turkey. The main purpose of this study is to identify factors related to LOS in Turkey. A retrospective analysis of 2.255.836 patients hospitalized to private, university, foundation university and other (municipality, association and foreigners/minority hospitals hospitals which have an agreement with Social Security Institution (SSI in Turkey, from January 1, 2010, until the December 31, 2010, was examined. Patient’s data were taken from MEDULA (National Electronic Invoice System and SPSS 18.0 was used to perform statistical analysis. In this study t-test, one way anova and multinomial logistic regression are used to determine variables that may affect to LOS. The average LOS of patients was 3,93 days (SD = 5,882. LOS showed a statistically significant difference according to all independent variables used in the study (age, gender, disease class, type of hospitalization, presence of comorbidity, type and number of surgery, season of hospitalization, hospital ownership/bed capacity/ geographical region/residential area/type of service. According to the results of the multinomial lojistic regression analysis, LOS was negatively affected in terms of gender, presence of comorbidity, geographical region of hospital and was positively affected in terms of age, season of hospitalization, hospital bed capacity/ ownership/type of service/residential area.

  9. Laboratory Information System – Where are we Today?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukić Vera

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Wider implementation of laboratory information systems (LIS in clinical laboratories in Serbia has been initiated ten years ago. The first LIS in the Railway Health Care Institute has been implemented nine years ago. Before the LIS was initiated, manual admission procedures limited daily output of patients. Moreover, manual entering of patients data and ordering tests on analyzers was problematic and time consuming. After completing tests, laboratory personnel had to write results in patient register (with potential errors and provide invoices for health insurance organisation. First LIS brought forward some advantages with regards to these obstacles, but it also showed various weaknesses. These can be summarised in rigidity of system and inability to fulfil user expectation. After 4 years of use, we replaced this system with another LIS. Hence, the main aim of this paper is to evaluate advant ages of using LIS in laboratory of the Railway Health Care Institute and also to discuss further possibilities for its application. After implementing LIS, admission procedure has proven to be much faster. LIS enabled electronic requests, barcoded specimens prevent identification errors, bidirectional interface replaces redundant data entry steps, QC data are transferred automatically, results are electronically validated and automatically archived in data base, billing information is transferred electronically, and more. We also use some advanced options, like delta check, HIL feature, quality indicators and various types of reports. All steps in total testing process are drastically improved after the implementation of LIS, which had a positive impact on the quality of issued laboratory results. However, we expect development of some new features in the future, for example auto-verification and inventory management. On the example of the laboratory of the Railway Health Care Institute, we show that it is crucial that laboratory specialists have the main

  10. [Diagnostics and Eradication Therapy for MRSA Carriers in the Outpatient Sector: an Analysis of the Reimbursement Situation in the Light of Current Reimbursement Changes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwendler, M; Hübner, C S; Fleßa, S

    2017-10-01

    Infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) occurs in both the inpatient and outpatient sector. The reimbursement for diagnostic services and eradication therapy in the outpatient sector was regulated for the first time on 01.04.2012 and after a 2-year test period, has been adopted into the standard range of care services. The aim of this retrospective study was to give an overview of the current situation in services and reimbursement in Germany and describe MRSA patients and their treatment in the outpatient sector. Secondary data, namely reimbursement data of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV) und the Physicians' Association (KV) Mecklenburg-West Pomerania for the period 01/04/2012-31/03/2014 were analyzed. Results show that on the federal level, MRSA services amounting to € 3,235,870.18 have been reimbursed and that diagnostic costs exceed treatment costs. In Germany, 5,627 doctors invoiced services related to MRSA; 51,56% of these were general practitioners and 21,25% specialists in internal medicine working in general practice. In the KV Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, patients were elderly (average age 69,13), cost for services were on average 27,76 €, and 76,85% of the patients were treated within one quarter. On the whole, there were regional differences in the identification and eradication of MRSA in the outpatient setting. In order to provide an extended base for a more efficient resource allocation in the health care sector, in addition to analysis of MRSA eradication from the medical point of view, attention needs to be paid to patient flow between the out- and inpatient sectors, as well as economic aspects. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Drug utilization in patients with OA: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Nicholas; Sanchez-Riera, Lidia; Morros, Rosa; Diez-Perez, Adolfo; Javaid, M Kassim; Cooper, Cyrus; Arden, Nigel K; Prieto-Alhambra, Daniel

    2015-05-01

    Patients with OA use different drugs in their search for relief. We aimed to study the prevalence of use and combinations of different medications for OA in a population-based cohort of OA patients in Catalonia, Spain, while characterizing users of each of the drugs available, with a particular focus on cardiovascular risk factors. Data were obtained from the Sistema d'Informació per al Desenvolupament de l'Investigació en Atenció Primària (SIDIAP) database, which includes electronic medical records and pharmacy invoice data for >5 million people from Catalonia. Study participants were those with a clinical diagnosis of OA in 2006-10. Drugs studied included oral and topical NSAIDs, analgesics (paracetamol, metamizole), opioids (tramadol, fentanyl), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors and symptomatic slow-acting drugs in OA. Drug utilization was described using medication possession ratios (MPRs), equivalent to the proportion of days covered with the drug of interest. The annual incidence of new users in the first year after OA diagnosis from 2006 to 2010 was estimated for all studied drugs among newly diagnosed OA patients using Poisson regression. We identified 238 536 study participants. The most common regimen of treatment consisted of at least three drugs (53.9% of patients). The drugs most frequently used regularly (MPR ≥50%) were chondroitin (21.2%), glucosamine (15.8%) and oral NSAIDs (14.4%). The incidence of the use of opioids, COX-2 inhibitors and chondroitin increased over the 5 year period, whereas all others decreased. Drug combinations are common in the treatment of OA patients, who are thus exposed to potential drug interactions, with unknown impacts on their health. The increasing use of opioids and COX-2 inhibitors is noteworthy because of the potential impact on safety and costs. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email

  12. Assessment of the performance of a public water utility: A case study of Blantyre Water Board in Malawi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalulu, Khumbo; Hoko, Zvikomborero

    Water scarcity, deteriorating water quality and financial limitations to the development of new water sources affect the quality of urban water supply services. The costs would have to be transferred to governments or customers if water supply utilities are to operate effectively. Utilities therefore need to continuously minimize costs and maximize revenue to ensure affordability and consequently access to safe water. This paper presents findings of a study on the performance of Blantyre Water Board compared to best practice targets for developing countries. The study tools employed in this study included interviews and documentation review. Key aspects studied included unaccounted for water, working ratio, bill collection efficiency and; efficiency of operation and maintenance. The working ratio of the utility ranged from 0.69 to 1.3 which was above the proposed target working ratio 0.68 for developing country utilities. It was found that the level of unaccounted for water for the utility ranged from 36% to 47% compared to 25% for developing countries. The utility was not financially sustainable as it had been making losses since 2002, had a working ratio of up to 1.3 implying that the utility was unable to meet its operational and capital cost; and 70% of all the invoiced bills being collected in a maximum of 340 days against an ideal target of 90 days. The staff per thousand connections value was found to be 18 compared to an ideal value of five. It was concluded that the utility was generally performing poorly as most performance indicators were outside the range for best practice targets for utilities in developing countries.

  13. APLICAÇÃO DO GEOPROCESSAMENTO NA AVALIAÇÃO E ESPACIALIZAÇÃO DAS PERDAS FÍSICAS DE ÁGUA DO SISTEMA DE ABASTECIMENTO PÚBLICO DE RONDONÓPOLIS - MT / Application of the Geographic Information Systmems in the evalution and spatial distribuition of the physical losses of the System of Water Public Supplying of Rondonópolis - MT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeater Waldemar Maciel Correa Santos

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The study had as objective to investigate the levels of physical losses of water of the supplyingsystem of Rondonópolis-MT operated by the concessionaire Service of Ambient Sanitation ofRondonópolis – SANEAR. The data used for this study are of production and consumption ofwater in Rondonópolis, in the period of years of 1998 the 2003, supplied by SANEAR for thelevel of the zones of water production of the city. Through statistical analyses and resources ofGeographic Information Systems, this data has been used for to evaluate and to distribute inthe Rondonópolis space the rate of physical losses of water of this system and to identifyseasonal variations of the levels of water consumption. As main results, they had been verified:a verification of the seasonal variations in the levels of water consumption of the city being it 5% below of the annual average in the period between the April and January months and 5%above of this average in the period of August the December; b verification of high rate ofphysical losses of water in the supplying system of Rondonópolis which exceed 50% in themajority of the 16 zones of water production of the city and in two of them had arrived about90%. In average the losses of water had been of 55% in Rondonópolis for the two analyzedyears, exceeding the average rate of Brazil (40% and of the Center-West Region (44% oflosses of invoicing (PMSS, 2004:19.

  14. [Trends in the consumption of anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs in a Colombian population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado-Alba, Jorge Enrique; Alzate-Carvajal, Verónica; Jimenez-Canizales, Carlos Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    In Latin America, psychotropic medications are the third most marketed drug group, especially antidepressants (35%) and anxiolytics (5%). The objective of this study was to determine the trends in the consumption and the costs of anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs in a population of patients enrolled in the Health System of Colombia. A descriptive, observational study was performed using the data recorded inprescriptions for any anxiolytic or hypnotic drug prescribed to outpatients in the period between January 2008 and December 2013 in a population of 3.5 million people. Sociodemographic, pharmacological variables, overall costs, and cost per thousand inhabitants per day (CHD), were also recorded. The number of patients who received the drugs studied varied from 11,097 to 19,231 between 2008 and 2013. The most used drugs were clonazepam (44.1% of formulations), alprazolam (31.2%), and lorazepam (13.2%). The invoiced value of anxiolytics increased from US$ 207,673.63 in 2008 to US$ 488,977 in 2013, an increase of 135.4%. The CHD was US$ 0.31 for benzodiazepines, and US$ 0.02 for zaleplon, zolpidem and zopiclone (Z drugs) for 2008, and US$ 0.36 and US$ 0.02 in 2013 respectively. The CHD declined after 2010 following the introduction of generic drugs. Patients receiving benzodiazepines in Colombia are mostly women, average age 55 years, with very low frequency in defined daily doses per thousand inhabitants when compared with other countries. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  15. ACCOUNTING TREATMENTS ON FORESTRY SPECIAL FUNDS AND SPECIFIC PROBLEMS IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hada Teodor

    2013-07-01

    extracted from invoices, and the accounting items correspond to the National Forest Directorate.

  16. Predictors of fracture while on treatment with oral bisphosphonates: a population-based cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prieto-Alhambra, Daniel; Pagès-Castellà, Aina; Wallace, Gemma; Javaid, M Kassim; Judge, Andrew; Nogués, Xavier; Arden, Nigel K; Cooper, Cyrus; Diez-Perez, Adolfo

    2014-01-01

    Although oral bisphosphonates (BPs) are highly effective in preventing fractures, some patients will fracture while on treatment. We identified predictors of such fractures in a population-based cohort of incident users of oral BPs. We screened the Sistema d'Informació per al Desenvolupament de l'Investigació en Atenció Primària (SIDIAP) database to identify new users of oral BPs in 2006-2007. SIDIAP includes pharmacy invoice data and primary care electronic medical records for a representative 5 million people in Catalonia (Spain). Exclusion criteria were the following: Paget disease; 6 months of therapy. Incidence of fracture while on treatment was 3.4/100 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.1-3.7). Predictors of these among patients persisting and adhering to treatment included: older age (subhazard ratio [SHR] for 60 to <80 years, 2.18 [95% CI, 1.70-2.80]; for ≥80 years, 2.5 [95% CI, 1.82-3.43]); previous fracture (1.75 [95% CI, 1.39-2.20] and 2.49 [95% CI, 1.98-3.13], in the last 6 months and longer, respectively); underweight, 2.11 (95% CI, 1.14-3.92); inflammatory arthritis, 1.46 (95% CI, 1.02-2.10); use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), 1.22 (95% CI, 1.02-1.46); and vitamin D deficiency, 2.69 (95% CI, 1.27-5.72). Even among high compliers, 3.4% of oral BP users will fracture every year. Older age, underweight, vitamin D deficiency, PPI use, previous fracture, and inflammatory arthritides increase risk. Monitoring strategies and/or alternative therapies should be considered for these patients. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

  17. Computerized accounting for the dental office. Using horizontal applications general ledger software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garsson, B

    1988-01-01

    Remember that computer software is designed for accrual accounting, whereas your business operates and reports income on a cash basis. The rules of tax law stipulate that professional practices may use the cash method of accounting, but if accrual accounting is ever used to report taxable income the government may not permit a switch back to cash accounting. Therefore, always consider the computer as a bookkeeper, not a substitute for a qualified accountant. (Your accountant will have readily accessible payroll and general ledger data available for analysis and tax reports, thanks to the magic of computer processing.) Accounts Payable reports are interfaced with the general ledger and are of interest for transaction detail, open invoice and cash flow analysis, and for a record of payments by vendor. Payroll reports, including check register and withholding detail are provided and interfaced with the general ledger. The use of accounting software expands the use of in-office computers to areas beyond professional billing and insurance form generation. It simplifies payroll recordkeeping; maintains payables details; integrates payables, receivables, and payroll with general ledger files; provides instantaneous information on all aspects of the business office; and creates a continuous "audit-trail" following the entering of data. The availability of packaged accounting software allows the professional business office an array of choices. The person(s) responsible for bookkeeping and accounting should choose carefully, ensuring that any system is easy to use, has been thoroughly tested, and provides at least as much control over office records as has been outlined in this article.

  18. The nine-year sustained cost-containment impact of swiss pilot physicians-pharmacists quality circles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niquille, Anne; Ruggli, Martine; Buchmann, Michel; Jordan, Dominique; Bugnon, Olivier

    2010-04-01

    Six pioneer physicians-pharmacists quality circles (PPQCs) located in the Swiss canton of Fribourg (administratively corresponding to a state in the US) were under the responsibility of 6 trained community pharmacists moderating the prescribing process of 24 general practitioners (GPs). PPQCs are based on a multifaceted collaborative process mediated by community pharmacists for improving compliance with clinical guidelines within GPs' prescribing practices. To assess, over a 9-year period (1999-2007), the cost-containment impact of the PPQCs. The key elements of PPQCs are a structured continuous quality improvement and education process; local networking; feedback of comparative and detailed data regarding costs, drug choice, and frequency of prescribed drugs; and structured independent literature review for interdisciplinary continuing education. The data are issued from the community pharmacy invoices to the health insurance companies. The study analyzed the cost-containment impact of the PPQCs in comparison with GPs working in similar conditions of care without particular collaboration with pharmacists, the percentage of generic prescriptions for specific cardiovascular drug classes, and the percentage of drug costs or units prescribed for specific cardiovascular drugs. For the 9-year period, there was a 42% decrease in the drug costs in the PPQC group as compared to the control group, representing a $225,000 (USD) savings per GP only in 2007. These results are explained by better compliance with clinical and pharmacovigilance guidelines, larger distribution of generic drugs, a more balanced attitude toward marketing strategies, and interdisciplinary continuing education on the rational use of drugs. The PPQC work process has yielded sustainable results, such as significant cost savings, higher penetration of generics and reflection on patient safety, and the place of "new" drugs in therapy. The PPQCs may also constitute a solid basis for implementing more

  19. Analysis of the key factors of the change in the demand of electrical energy in Neuquén

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griselda Domeett

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The electrical energy is a basic input of high diffusion, derived from its capacity to satisfy all type of necessities. It shows that seasonal alterations in the consumptions are motivated by the level of economic activity, climatic changes and demographic dynamics. Since this is an essential good that cannot be stored, it determines the configuration, planning, operation and organization of the electrical energy systems. Its particular feature is forced to perform a multidimensional coverage: technological, economic, political, legal and environmental. The analysis of the factors that determine the levels and structures of the electric energy consumption it allows to identify the supplying problems, and the actions and policies that promote the sustainable usage of the service.Accordingly, the current work tries to make a preliminary analysis of these changes in the capital city of Neuquén, since the 90s until recent years. In order to do this, information from the Population Census, Provincial Registers, Household Surveys, Consumption and Invoicing sector, has been used.                                                                                          Keywords: Electrical energy, demand evolution key factors

  20. Governance in managing public health resources in Brazilian municipalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avelino, George; Barberia, Lorena G; Biderman, Ciro

    2014-09-01

    This study contributes to the health governance discussion by presenting a new data set that allows for comparisons of the management of health resources among Brazilian municipalities. Research on Brazil is particularly important as the provision of health services was decentralized in 1988 and since then municipalities have been given greater responsibilities for the management of fiscal resources for public health service provision. Based on detailed information on corruption practices (such as over-invoicing, illegal procurement and fake receipts) from audit reports of health programmes in 980 randomly selected Brazilian municipalities, this study deepens understanding of the relationship between health governance institutions and the incidence of corruption at the local level by exploring the extent to which horizontal and vertical accountabilities contribute to reducing the propensity of municipal government officials to divert public health resources for private gain. The results of our multiple regression analysis suggest that the experience of health municipal councils is correlated with reductions in the incidence of corruption in public health programmes. This impact is significant over time, with each additional year of health council experience reducing corruption incidence levels by 2.1% from baseline values. The findings reported in this study do not rely on the subjectivity of corruption measures which usually conflate the actual incidence of corruption with its perception by informants. Based on our results, we provide recommendations that can assist policy makers to reduce corruption. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine © The Author 2013; all rights reserved.

  1. Urban Wood-Based Bio-Energy Systems in Seattle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stan Gent, Seattle Steam Company

    2010-10-25

    Seattle Steam Company provides thermal energy service (steam) to the majority of buildings and facilities in downtown Seattle, including major hospitals (Swedish and Virginia Mason) and The Northwest (Level I) Regional Trauma Center. Seattle Steam has been heating downtown businesses for 117 years, with an average length of service to its customers of 40 years. In 2008 and 2009 Seattle Steam developed a biomass-fueled renewable energy (bio-energy) system to replace one of its gas-fired boilers that will reduce greenhouse gases, pollutants and the amount of waste sent to landfills. This work in this sub-project included several distinct tasks associated with the biomass project development as follows: a. Engineering and Architecture: Engineering focused on development of system control strategies, development of manuals for start up and commissioning. b. Training: The project developer will train its current operating staff to operate equipment and facilities. c. Flue Gas Clean-Up Equipment Concept Design: The concept development of acid gas emissions control system strategies associated with the supply wood to the project. d. Fuel Supply Management Plan: Development of plans and specifications for the supply of wood. It will include potential fuel sampling analysis and development of contracts for delivery and management of fuel suppliers and handlers. e. Integrated Fuel Management System Development: Seattle Steam requires a biomass Fuel Management System to track and manage the delivery, testing, processing and invoicing of delivered fuel. This application will be web-based and accessed from a password-protected URL, restricting data access and privileges by user-level.

  2. Cost of providing injectable contraceptives through a community-based social marketing program in Tigray, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prata, Ndola; Downing, Janelle; Bell, Suzanne; Weidert, Karen; Godefay, Hagos; Gessessew, Amanuel

    2016-06-01

    To provide a cost analysis of an injectable contraceptive program combining community-based distribution and social marketing in Tigray, Ethiopia. We conducted a cost analysis, modeling the costs and programmatic outcomes of the program's initial implementation in 3 districts of Tigray, Ethiopia. Costs were estimated from a review of program expense records, invoices, and interviews with health workers. Programmatic outcomes include number of injections and couple-year of protection (CYP) provided. We performed a sensitivity analysis on the average number of injections provided per month by community health workers (CHWs), the cost of the commodity, and the number of CHWs trained. The average programmatic CYP was US $17.91 for all districts with a substantial range from US $15.48-38.09 per CYP across districts. Direct service cost was estimated at US $2.96 per CYP. The cost per CYP was slightly sensitive to the commodity cost of the injectable contraceptives and the number of CHWs. The capacity of each CHW, measured by the number of injections sold, was a key input that drove the cost per CYP of this model. With a direct service cost of US $2.96 per CYP, this study demonstrates the potential cost of community-based social marketing programs of injectable contraceptives. The findings suggest that the cost of social marketing of contraceptives in rural communities is comparable to other delivery mechanisms with regards to CYP, but further research is needed to determine the full impact and cost-effectiveness for women and communities beyond what is measured in CYP. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Aquarium Trade Supply-Chain Losses of Marine Invertebrates Originating from Papua New Guinea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Militz, Thane A.; Kinch, Jeff; Southgate, Paul C.

    2018-04-01

    A major difficulty in managing live organism wildlife trade is often the reliance on trade data to monitor exploitation of wild populations. Harvested organisms that die or are discarded before a point of sale are regularly not reported. For the global marine aquarium trade, identifying supply-chain losses is necessary to more accurately assess exploitation from trade data. We examined quality control rejections and mortality of marine invertebrates (Asteroidea, Gastropoda, Malacostraca, Ophiuroidea) moving through the Papua New Guinea marine aquarium supply-chain, from fisher to importer. Utilizing catch invoices and exporter mortality records we determined that, over a 160 day period, 38.6% of the total invertebrate catch ( n = 13,299 individuals) was lost before export. Supply-chain losses were divided among invertebrates rejected in the quality control process (11.5%) and mortality of the accepted catch in transit to, and during holding at, an export facility (30.6%). A further 0.3% died during international transit to importers. We quantified supply-chain losses for the ten most fished species which accounted for 96.4% of the catch. Quality control rejections ( n = 1533) were primarily explained by rejections of oversized invertebrates (83.2% of rejections). We suggest that enforceable size limits on species prone to size-based rejections and elimination of village-based holding of invertebrates would reduce losses along the Papua New Guinea supply-chain. This case study underscores that low mortality during international transit may mask large losses along supply-chains prior to export and exemplifies the limitations of trade data to accurately monitor exploitation.

  4. Improvement of Tsukiji free fish market in Tokyo ("Kaizen" of work environment).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishida, K; Ikegami, T; Maehara, N; Watanabe, A

    1996-06-01

    "TSUKIJI" is one of the biggest and most famous Free Fish Markets in the world, but there are many problems on the working condition because it was built about 60 years ago. Our investigation was held 1991 to 1993 to give some improvements regarding layout of buildings, working time, heat condition at refrigerator, working posture, and so on. We used a questionnaire on daily life and health care of workers, time study with measurement of heartbeats, and checklist (using Checklist for Improvement of Safety-Health and Working Conditions,' made by ILO). The main occupations in TSUKIJI were seller, buyer, delivery worker, and refrigerator maintenance worker. Their starting time was early in the morning, usually between 2:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m., but the hardest one was delivery workers starting at 9:00 p.m. They used auto cargo car for carrying to shops from refrigerator or from auction places many times. Sellers had two different types of work. First, the seller set up the auction, numbering the fish (or cases of seafood), arranging them in order, and so on. The rest of the work was transaction of invoices, sometimes using VDU with almost sitting. These works did not look well balanced. Buyer of tuna cut if like lumber by electric saws did not have guard for protection and there were more than 200 machines. Overlooking the market by checklist, some problems were clarified, and suggestions for improvement include restructuring the whole layout of the market or reforming buildings, standardization of the cases, adjustment of health facilities, safety protection on tools and machines, management of working system, working posture, health care, and so on.

  5. Comparison the Effect of the Fatigue of Body and Lower Limbs on the Performance and Risk Factors of Lower Limbs In the Women Novice Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tayebeh Mehtar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The fatigue defined as lack ability of a person to produce required power or the inability to maintain and duration the generated power for doing targeted activity. The effect of fatigue in creating sport injuries and consequently treatment costs, staying away from sport as well as reducing the quality of athletic performance is evidence for everyone. Research that has been done in the field of fatigue have had an overall overview of this issue. The objective of this research was doing a comparison the effect of body and lower limbs fatigue on the performance and risk factors of lower limbs in the women novice athletes. In this study, 45 novice female athletes were selected as available. A pre-test including functional tests and the test of landing error without applying body fatigue protocol And lower limbs were done from the subjects and after a day resting in the second day after applying ABT fatigue protocol in the body fatigue group and Bosko fatigue protocol in the lower limbs group the functional tests and landing error was done. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests in the 0.05 significance used for data statistical analysis. Results indicated that the fatigue of body and lower limbs leads to increase significance and risky factors of lower limbs injuries and reducing significance of dynamic balance in all directions. Also there was not observed a meaningful difference between average changes in risk factors for lower extremity injuries, dynamic balance (in all directions on invoice women of body fatigue group and lower limbs. The body and lower limbs fatigue leads to reduce dynamic balance and increasing risk factors of lower limbs.

  6. Customer-oriented risk assessment in network utilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gómez Fernández, Juan F.; Márquez, Adolfo Crespo; López-Campos, Mónica A.

    2016-01-01

    For companies that distribute services such as telecommunications, water, energy, gas, etc., quality perceived by the customers has a strong impact on the fulfillment of financial goals, positively increasing the demand and negatively increasing the risk of customer churn (loss of customers). Failures by these companies may cause customer affection in a massive way, augmenting the intention to leave the company. Therefore, maintenance performance and specifically service reliability has a strong influence on financial goals. This paper proposes a methodology to evaluate the contribution of the maintenance department in economic terms, based on service unreliability by network failures. The developed methodology aims to provide an analysis of failures to facilitate decision making about maintenance (preventive/predictive and corrective) costs versus negative impacts in end-customer invoicing based on the probability of losing customers. Survival analysis of recurrent failures with the General Renewal Process distribution is used for this novel purpose with the intention to be applied as a standard procedure to calculate the expected maintenance financial impact, for a given period of time. Also, geographical areas of coverage are distinguished, enabling the comparison of different technical or management alternatives. Two case studies in a telecommunications services company are presented in order to illustrate the applicability of the methodology. - Highlights: • Reliability and reparability impact the rate of abandonment of customers. • Expected reliability and interruptions must be contemplated in services contracts. • Preventive maintenance reduces the risk of abandonment, besides corrective costs. • Analysis of investment in service reliability vs. impact on customer retention. • Reliability of services has a positive impact in business financial situation.

  7. Final Technical Report. Sault Tribe Building Efficiency Audits of Tribally-Owned Governmental Buildings and Residential Tribal Housing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holt, Jeffrey W. [Sault Sainte Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians, Marie, MI (United States)

    2015-03-27

    The Tribe is working to reduce energy consumption and expense in Tribally-owned governmental buildings and low income housing sites. In 2009, the Tribe applied to the U. S. Department of Energy for funding to conduct energy audits of Tribally-owned governmental buildings. Findings from the energy audits would define the extent and types of energy efficiency improvements needed, establish a basis for energy priorities, strategies and action plans, and provide a benchmark for measuring improvements from energy efficiency implementations. In 2010, the DOE awarded a grant in the amount of $95,238 to the Tribe to fund the energy audits of nine governmental buildings and to pay for travel expenses associated with attendance and participation at the DOE annual program reviews. In 2011, the Tribe applied for and was awarded a DOE grant in the amount of $75,509 to conduct energy audits of the remaining 30 Tribally-owned governmental buildings. Repeating mobilization steps performed during the first DOE energy audits grant, the Tribe initiated the second round of governmental building energy audits by completing energy auditor procurement. The selected energy auditor successfully passed DOE debarment and Sault Tribe background clearances. The energy audits contract was awarded to U. P. Engineers and Architects, Inc. of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. The Tribe continued mobilizing for the energy audits by providing the energy auditor with one year of electric, gas and water utility invoice copies per building, as well as supplemental building information, such as operating hours. The Tribe also contacted building occupants to coordinate scheduling for the on-site energy audit inspections and arranged for facilities management personnel to guide the energy auditor through the buildings and answer questions regarding building systems.

  8. Pengembangan Sistem Informasi Laboratorium Berbasis Web Dalam Rangka Peningkatan Kinerja Pelayanan Jasa Pengujian Industri Kerajinan Dan Batik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paras Trapsiladi

    2013-06-01

    , jewelry testing, calibration and interpretation at the Center for Craft and Batik. The main processes are implemented in the information system are the customer registration process and registration process of testing and additional test items. Result output are a test receipt, invoice, payment status reports, test reports monthly, annual testing report and list of subscribers. The information system was a web-based information system that had several advantages, among them accessible from anywhere, can be accessed by computer or mobile phone, it required no software installation, and can be accessed through a variety of platforms. Information system was built using PHP and Javas cript programming language, using the MySQL to build database management, and using  for Ubuntu to be a Server. Experimental results show that the use of this information system can improve time efficiency significantly. Keywords: laboratory information system, web base, PHP, My SQL

  9. In touch but not up-to-date: ambulatory visits and vaccination status in a cohort of young Swiss children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielicki, Julia A; Achermann, Rita; Berger, Christoph

    2013-11-04

    Incomplete and delayed vaccination is a barrier to individual and population protection from vaccine-preventable diseases. We aimed to assess visit frequency and pattern in relation to vaccination status in a Swiss cohort of 2-year-old children in order to review opportunities for completion of scheduled immunizations. A retrospective dynamic cohort study design involving children insured with a single health insurer in Switzerland was chosen. Time-to-event analysis was used to evaluate timing of defined immunizations of interest from submitted invoices. Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (DTaP) and measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) immunizations administered to children registered with this health insurer were assessed. The specified vaccines are recommended at 2, 4, 6 and 15-24 months, and 12 and 15-24 months of age, respectively. 21,588 children born between January 1st, 2006 and June 30th, 2008 and registered with the health insurer from no later than 4 weeks of age were included. Only 40.9% of the cohort was up-to-date for both vaccines (DTaP and MMR) at 2 years of age. The average number of visits made during up to 2 years of age was 14.7 (95% CI: 15.9-16.3). Less than 5% of children made fewer than 5 visits, the minimum number required to complete all recommended immunizations by 2 years of age. Although number of visits varied by final vaccination status, more than 90% of the cohort made sufficient visits to complete the specified courses, even when contraindications were assumed to be present at up to half the visits. Swiss children who are not fully immunized at 2 years of age make fewer visits to ambulatory health care up to that age, but they have more than sufficient opportunities to complete immunizations as scheduled. Ambulatory healthcare providers in Switzerland have ample opportunity to promote and administer vaccinations in a timely manner. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. The power of Alberta business : the impact of electricity deregulation on Alberta small and medium-sized business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pohlmann, C.; Kelly, D.

    2001-07-01

    Deregulation of the electricity market came into effect on January 1, 2001 in Alberta. This deregulation affects the retail and generation fields of electricity. The intention was to introduce competition and apply downward pressure on electricity prices, but the reverse effect was witnessed: power prices increased. It resulted in a period of anxiety on the part of businesses, caused by the volatility of electricity prices. A survey of Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) members was conducted in May and June 2001 to better understand the impacts of electricity deregulation on small and medium-sized businesses. A broad range of businesses provided responses (951 responses) covering all sectors of industry and regions in Alberta. A large proportion of respondents were dissatisfied with deregulation, caused in part by the confusion created by the flurry of rebate and credit announcements designed to ease the transition. Small firms were faced with significant increases in electricity prices, and several could not estimate the size of the increase as it was too difficult to measure. Responses varied from a low of 5 per cent increase to a high of 400 per cent in power rates. Most respondents also indicated that the increases had an impact on their business. The impact of power rate increases by sector was examined. Another consequence of deregulation was the fact that billing moved from a single invoice received to the requirement to actively manage energy usage. It was discovered that a lack of information on electricity cost and consumption management impeded the the ability to make business decisions. The CFIB asked respondents to indicate the measures being considered to address management of electricity costs. Incorporating energy-saving devices and/or methods had been considered by slightly more than 40 per cent of respondents. Negotiating with power retailers represented another option under consideration by some. It was felt that government must

  11. Satyam’s Manipulative Accounting Methodology Unveiled: An Experience of an Asian Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MADAN LAL BHASIN

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Manipulative accounting practices are perennial and such practices have occurred in all eras, in all countries and affected millions of corporations. Unfortunately, there are few loopholes in accounting and auditing standards, which provide leeway and thus motivate accounting professionals to use aggressively manipulation practices. In fact, manipulative accounting (MA involves the intentional cooking-up of financial records towards a pre-determined target. Every company indeed maneuvers the numbers, to a certain extent, as formally reported in its financial statements (FS to achieve budgetary targets and generously reward senior managers. From Enron, WorldCom to Satyam, it appeared that window-dressing leading to MA is a serious problem that is increasing both in its frequency and severity, which undermines the integrity of financial reports and eroded investors’ confidence. The responsibility of preventing, detecting and investigating financial frauds rests squarely on Board of Directors and they should adopt preventive steps. Despite the raft of CG, and financial disclosure reforms, corporate accounting still remains murky and companies continue to find ways to play ‘hide-and-seek’ game with the system. Satyam computers were once the crown jewel of Indian IT-industry but were brought to the ground by its founders in 2009 as a result of financial manipulations in FS. The present study provides a snapshot of how Mr. Raju (CEO and Chairman mastermind this maze of AM practices? Undoubtedly, Satyam scam is illegal and unethical in which computers were cleverly used to manipulate account books by creating fake invoices, inflating revenues, falsifying the cash and bank balances, showing non-existent interest on fixed deposits, showing ghost employees, and so on. Satyam fraud has shattered the dreams of investors, shocked the government and regulators and led to questioning of the accounting practices of auditors and CG norms in India. Finally

  12. Liberalization of energy markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    During the last decade, the supply of electricity has been liberalized in the Nordic countries - first in Norway in 1991 and most recently in Iceland in 2003. After the liberalization process the consumers can freely choose the end-use supplier that offers the most attractive prices and conditions of supply. This development has opened up new opportunities for the consumer, but has also created new problems. The amount of kWh consumed and the composition of the electricity price determines the extent to which a consumer can influence annual expenses by being active on the market. After liberalization the consumer price is composed of: The market price for electricity; Transmission tariffs; Consumer and energy taxes. Only the market price can be influenced by an active consumer. Most consumer problems are a result of the system with indirect metering that was introduced to make it costless for small consumers to change supplier. An individual consumer's consumption is calculated according to the average consumption profile for all small consumers in the local distribution area and not according to her actual consumption. As metering is only taking place with intervals of one to several years many consumers have received invoices with large additional payments. Complaints are also common against distribution companies that have taken too long time to transfer the necessary information to the suppliers or have done it wrongly. The right solution would be to introduce intelligent meters that, in addition, could provide the consumers with new opportunities to monitor their electricity consumption. Such initiatives are now taking place in all four countries but it will take some years to provide intelligent meters to all consumers. Liberalization has caused an increasing number of consumer complaints. However, it has become less transparent to whom the complaint should be directed. When is it the distribution company and when the end-use supplier? This problem continues

  13. Patented drug extension strategies on healthcare spending: a cost-evaluation analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Vernaz

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Drug manufacturers have developed "evergreening" strategies to compete with generic medication after patent termination. These include marketing of slightly modified follow-on drugs. We aimed to estimate the financial impact of these drugs on overall healthcare costs and also to examine the impact of listing these drugs in hospital restrictive drug formularies (RDFs on the healthcare system as a whole ("spillover effect". METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used hospital and community pharmacy invoice office data in the Swiss canton of Geneva to calculate utilisation of eight follow-on drugs in defined daily doses between 2000 and 2008. "Extra costs" were calculated for three different scenarios assuming replacement with the corresponding generic equivalent for prescriptions of (1 all brand (i.e., initially patented drugs, (2 all follow-on drugs, or (3 brand and follow-on drugs. To examine the financial spillover effect we calculated a monthly follow-on drug market share in defined daily doses for medications prescribed by hospital physicians but dispensed in community pharmacies, in comparison to drugs prescribed by non-hospital physicians in the community. Estimated "extra costs" over the study period were €15.9 (95% CI 15.5; 16.2 million for scenario 1, €14.4 (95% CI 14.1; 14.7 million for scenario 2, and €30.3 (95% CI 29.8; 30.8 million for scenario 3. The impact of strictly switching all patients using proton-pump inhibitors to esomeprazole at admission resulted in a spillover "extra cost" of €330,300 (95% CI 276,100; 383,800, whereas strictly switching to generic cetirizine resulted in savings of €7,700 (95% CI 4,100; 11,100. Overall we estimated that the RDF resulted in "extra costs" of €503,600 (95% CI 444,500; 563,100. CONCLUSIONS: Evergreening strategies have been successful in maintaining market share in Geneva, offsetting competition by generics and cost containment policies. Hospitals may be contributing to increased

  14. One of a kind : from production accounting to trading and budgeting, Entero unifies data and business processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cope, G.

    2009-01-01

    Entero Corporation, a Calgary-based software developer, launched a software program in 2008 to keep track of petroleum when it comes out of the ground. It allows petroleum producers to keep track of who owns what, how much they own, what it's worth and where it's going. Founded in 1994, Entero's first energy industry software package was called EnteroVision, consisting of evTM and evFM. The evTM component focused on trading and marketing, and operations and logistics for use in inventory, risk management, terminal operations and reporting. The evFM component focused on financial management and accounting, allowing operators to view facility balance by owner, product or source. In 2003, Entero merged with software company MOSAIC Integration. The EnteroONE platform brings key Entero systems onto a shared platform that includes addition of production accounting and plant allocations. Once energy is produced, EnteroONE quickly tracks it from the wellhead through the gathering systems, doing production allocations, production and revenue accounting, managing trade deals, logistics and risk management. It also does financial accounting, such as invoicing for shipments made by any transportation mode, and a full general ledger. It eliminates multiple spreadsheets. Entero's 120 clients include exploration and production companies, trading and marketing companies, and midstream operators involved with product movement and processing. Entero is now focused on improving the functionality of its products. New workspace enhancements and reporting customization in EnteroONE financial management are expected to make troubleshooting, audit reporting more efficient. A new integrated field data capture system in EnteroONE production accounting will link field information to production accounting. A new order, scheduling and nominations workspace for EnteroONE trading and marketing will put decision-making information, including profitability, into one view. Within the next 5 years

  15. Service use, charge, and access to mental healthcare in a private Kenyan inpatient setting: the effects of insurance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Pattison de Menil

    Full Text Available The gap in Kenya between need and treatment for mental disorders is wide, and private providers are increasingly offering services, funded in part by private health insurance (PHI. Chiromo, a 30-bed psychiatric hospital in Nairobi, forms part of one of the largest private psychiatric providers in East Africa. The study evaluated the effects of insurance on service use and charge, questioning implications on access to care. Data derive from invoices for 455 sequential patients, including 12-month follow-up. Multi-linear and binary logistic regressions explored the effect of PHI on readmission, cumulative length of stay, and treatment charge. Patients were 66.4% male with a mean age of 36.8 years. Half were employed in the formal sector. 70% were admitted involuntarily. Diagnoses were: substance use disorder 31.6%; serious mental disorder 49.5%; common mental disorder 7%; comorbid 7%; other 4.9%. In addition to daily psychiatric consultations, two-thirds received individual counselling or group therapy; half received lab tests or scans; and 16.2% received ECT. Most took a psychiatric medicine. Half of those on antipsychotics were given only brands. Insurance paid in full for 28.8% of patients. Mean length of stay was 11.8 days and, in 12 months, 16.7 days (median 10.6. 22.2% were readmitted within 12 months. Patients with PHI stayed 36% longer than those paying out-of-pocket and had 2.5 times higher odds of readmission. Mean annual charge per patient was Int$ 4,262 (median Int$ 2,821. Insurers were charged 71% more than those paying out-of-pocket--driven by higher fees and longer stays. Chiromo delivers acute psychiatric care each year to approximately 450 people, to quality and human rights standards higher than its public counterpart, but at considerably higher cost. With more efficient delivery and wider insurance coverage, Chiromo might expand from its occupancy of 56.6% to reach a larger population in need.

  16. [Continuity of hospital identifiers in hospital discharge data - Analysis of the nationwide German DRG Statistics from 2005 to 2013].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimptsch, Ulrike; Wengler, Annelene; Mansky, Thomas

    2016-11-01

    In Germany, nationwide hospital discharge data (DRG statistics provided by the research data centers of the Federal Statistical Office and the Statistical Offices of the 'Länder') are increasingly used as data source for health services research. Within this data hospitals can be separated via their hospital identifier ([Institutionskennzeichen] IK). However, this hospital identifier primarily designates the invoicing unit and is not necessarily equivalent to one hospital location. Aiming to investigate direction and extent of possible bias in hospital-level analyses this study examines the continuity of the hospital identifier within a cross-sectional and longitudinal approach and compares the results to official hospital census statistics. Within the DRG statistics from 2005 to 2013 the annual number of hospitals as classified by hospital identifiers was counted for each year of observation. The annual number of hospitals derived from DRG statistics was compared to the number of hospitals in the official census statistics 'Grunddaten der Krankenhäuser'. Subsequently, the temporal continuity of hospital identifiers in the DRG statistics was analyzed within cohorts of hospitals. Until 2013, the annual number of hospital identifiers in the DRG statistics fell by 175 (from 1,725 to 1,550). This decline affected only providers with small or medium case volume. The number of hospitals identified in the DRG statistics was lower than the number given in the census statistics (e.g., in 2013 1,550 IK vs. 1,668 hospitals in the census statistics). The longitudinal analyses revealed that the majority of hospital identifiers persisted in the years of observation, while one fifth of hospital identifiers changed. In cross-sectional studies of German hospital discharge data the separation of hospitals via the hospital identifier might lead to underestimating the number of hospitals and consequential overestimation of caseload per hospital. Discontinuities of hospital

  17. When we decided to create the Revista Scientific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Antonio Martínez Molina

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available When we proposed to create the Revista Scientific, we had many doubts about what would be the treatment to be followed for the development of it? On the one hand, we needed to create a common basis for their more ethical and moral aspects so that the authors always applied the same criteria. This is not only to achieve an editorial unit, but to establish guidelines to follow throughout the publication, so as to facilitate the reading and understanding of the contents from the respect to the information, to the sources, but on all to the readers. The rules created are, therefore, the guidelines to be followed by the authors that appear in our publication, which must take into account these basic rules. Another point to be addressed was the selection of a disciplinary and multidisciplinary team at the international level that is in charge of the valuation of scientific productions, high invoice equipment of different Universities and Organizations recognized worldwide. On the basis of the above considerations, the question arises of deciding, what can or should be, and what can not or should not be counted, but rather how to explain and explain information in the most ethically correct way from the deontological perspective of the writer. It should be noted that Scientific tries to serve as a complement and informative tool for both teachers and the general public. We aim to disseminate scientific and technological knowledge, through the original results, the product of scientific research, which represent a contribution to the development of science and technology. It includes works, products of scientific research and theoretical reflections that, due to their relevance, merit publication, and in this way contribute to the visibility of intellectual production in the areas of education and social sciences. Scientific Magazine is aimed at the academic audience in its different levels (Initial, Basic, University as well as the scientific community

  18. Consumo e padronização de fármacos antihipertensivos na farmácia-ensino da Universidade Estadual de Maringá (FEN-UEM Distribution and standardization of antihypertensive medications in the pharmacy of State University of Maringá (FEN-UEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de padronizar fármacos anti-hipertensivos na FEN-UEM, foram analisados a aquisição e o consumo desses fármacos. Os dados foram coletados a partir das notas fiscais de compra das especialidades farmacêuticas anti-hipertensivas (EAH pela referida farmácia. O estudo foi realizado no período de primeiro de janeiro de 1990 a trinta e um de dezembro de 1994. Foram analisados a quantidade de EAH adquirida, o princípio ativo e a classe farmacológica. A FEN - UEM adquiriu 4.751 EAH nesse período. Houve aumento na aquisição de inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina (63,6% e redução na de diuréticos (54,2%, bloqueadores beta-adrenérgicos (36,3%, agonistas alfa centrais (64,3% e associações (28,2%. A aquisição de bloqueadores de canais de cálcio foi constante nesse período. Os dados sugerem que a aquisição e a dispensação desses medicamentos estão correlacionadas com a terapêutica atual, permitindo avaliar o perfil de fármacos anti-hipertensivos na Farmácia-Ensino da UEM e padronizar as EAH a serem dispensadas pelas farmácias.With the objective of standardizing antihypertensive drugs in FEN-UEM, the acquisition and consumption of these drugs were analyzed. The data were collected starting from the invoices of purchase of the pharmaceutical antihypertensives specialties (EAH for the referred pharmacy. The study was carried out in the period of January 1st, 1990 trough December 31st 1994. The amount of acquired EAH, active substance and pharmacological class were analyzed. The FEN-UEM acquired 4,751 EAH in this period. There was increased in the acquisition of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (63,6% and reduction for diuretics (54,2%, beta-blockers (36,3%, alpha central agonists (64,3% and associations (28,2%. The acquisition of calcium antagonists was constant in this period. The data suggest that the acquisition and distribution of these medications are correlated with the current therapeutics

  19. Comparative analysis of current payment system for hospital services in Serbia and projected payments under diagnostic related groups system in urology

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    Babić Uroš

    2015-01-01

    in the study are not significantly different, the focus on minor surgeries both under the current hospital payment method and under the introduced DRG system would be far more cost-effective for a hospital as great variations in treatment performance (reduction of days of hospitalization and complications, and consequently invoiced amounts would be reduced.

  20. Automatic demand response referred to electricity spot price. Demo description

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grande, Ove S.; Livik, Klaus; Hals, Arne

    2006-05-01

    This report presents background, technical solution and results from a test project (Demo I) developed in the DRR Norway) project. Software and technology from two different vendors, APAS and Powel ASA, are used to demonstrate a scheme for Automatic Demand Response (ADR) referred to spot price level and a system for documentation of demand response and cost savings. Periods with shortage of energy supply and hardly any investments in new production capacity have turned focus towards the need for increased price elasticity on the demand side in the Nordic power market. The new technology for Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) and Remote Load Control (RLC) provides an opportunity to improve the direct market participation from the demand side by introducing automatic schemes that reduce the need for customer attention to hourly market prices. The low prioritized appliances, and not the total load, are in this report defined as the Demand Response Objects, based on the assumption that there is a limit for what the customers are willing to pay for different uses of electricity. Only disconnection of residential water heaters is included in the demo, due to practical limitations. The test was performed for a group of single family houses over a period of 2 months. All the houses were equipped with a radio controlled 'Ebox' unit attached to the water heater socket. The settlement and invoicing were based on hourly metered values (kWh/h), which means that the customer benefit is equivalent to the accumulated changes in the electricity cost per hour. The actual load reduction is documented by comparison between the real meter values for the period and a reference curve. The curves show significant response to the activated control in the morning hours. In the afternoon it is more difficult to register the response, probably due to 'disturbing' activities like cooking etc. Demo I shows that load reduction referred to spot price level can be done in a smooth way. The experiences

  1. The obsolescence of export structure: an obstacle to economic growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Predrag

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Although the decrease in foreign trade imbalance is almost the only positive macroeconomic shift in 2005, it seems that this problem is losing importance for no reason. Other burning economic problems (inflation, first of all have pushed aside this problem that was a real burning issue. Of course that there has to be understanding for such treatment by the creators of economic policy considering the fact that the inflation in this year will surpass the originally planned inflation almost twofold, and that the International Monetary Fund is firm in insisting on additional rendering both fiscal and monetary policy more severe in order to restrain the growing price instability. Bearers of economic policy have already fulfilled a large part of the given requirements. Nevertheless, the foreign trade imbalance is still fairly high. This thesis is supported by the fact that Serbia is a country in transition with almost the lowest degree of import coverage by export. Despite the marked rise in goods export that has been realized in this part of the year, it is difficult to say which part of the growth has been caused by the privatization processes and restructuring, and which part accounts for a more realistic statistical expression that is a consequence of value added tax (VAT endorsement. Also, there are certain vague issues concerning the import itself. The economists agree that VAT endorsement led to overflowing the import from 2005 to 2004 especially in the last quarter of 2004. Additionally, it seems that there is a wide consensus that VAT endorsement implied the decrease in the phenomenon which was supposed mostly by the creators of economic policy, to have played an important role, and it is about the "inflated" import invoices. Elimination or at least reduction in this phenomenon resulted in more realistic expression of goods import value. It is almost clear that a part of this year’s decrease in foreign trade imbalance has been due to

  2. The results of research on the effectiveness of line management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. I. Lapushkin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proves the relevance of research concerning the management system effectiveness in the project company. It shows that the emergence of independent commercial enterprises in the electrical power sector led both to deterioration of continuous processes controllability and to serious failures in functioning of infrastructure processes (repairs, invoice, and receipt of monetary funds. But, at the same time, a number of processes showed an increase of operation efficiency due to decrease in expenses when functioning.Coordination of activities between holding and company showed that process to come up with the weighty arguments in favor of one or other management decisions was the most complicated.The objective of the article is worded as follows: to reveal the regularities for the management efficiency to depend both on the echelons of regulation to make a decision at various times of delay (time from the decision-making moment before impact on object/subject of management and on the abovementioned factors.The research was carried out using the model of the control loop. When conducting research, the model used only line (proportional link, as the most often encountered in the development of management systems in organizations. Line (proportional link is the link with the output value changing with time according to the same law, as the input value. In management the proportional link means that managerial decisions and the impact on employees is proportional to the rejection of planned and actual performances of company activities.To assess the quality of management at different stages of the regulation, principles of regulation and management structures the article suggests to use the indicators of management costs, the integrated indicator of management error, the coefficient of regulation quality, the ratio of discounted costs, and the efficiency of regulation. It also proposes to use the efficiency factor of regulation to show which

  3. [Introduction of the DRG system from the point of view of private health insurers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritze, Jürgen; Miebach, Jürgen; Hüdig, Wolfgang

    2002-08-01

    invoiced by the physician) must be avoided: Once the current reimbursement for costs of optional medical services--being mainly a subsidy borne by private patients--is discontinued, the fee reduction according to Sect. 6a GOAe (medical fee schedule) must be adjusted definitely. This new primacy of economics could pose a threat to the quality of medical treatment. Therefore, quality assurance directives find increasing relevance. Preferably, healthcare providers should rigorously adhere to their scientific standards. Only a strictly rule-based introduction and the system's annual adaptation can keep the risks calculable.

  4. Imposto de importação e evasão fiscal: uma investigação do caso brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Conceição Sampaio de Sousa

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho mensura o impacto das alíquotas do imposto de importação sobre a evasão fiscal nas importações brasileiras oriundas dos Estados Unidos. Os resultados obtidos permitem concluir que as alíquotas tarifárias influenciam a evasão sob suas diferentes formas: subfaturamento e classificação incorreta de mercadorias. Estes resultados corroboram o modelo básico de evasão proposto por Allingham (1972 e se insere no debate sobre a relação entre a magnitude das alíquotas e o potencial para evasão. Nossos resultados mostram, ainda, a existência de não linearidades na relação entre alíquotas e evasão. Nos vários modelos testados, esse efeito cresce com a magnitude das tarifas, sugerindo que maiores alíquotas aumentam o custo de oportunidade da tributação e geram maiores incentivos para a sonegação. Por fim, com respeito à relação entre o nível de complexidade da estrutura tributária e a evasão, nosso trabalho sugere que uma maior diferenciação entre alíquotas, dificulta a administração tarifária e pode levar a evasão.In this paper we measure the effect of tax rates on tax evasion using data on the trade flow between Brazil and the United States. Our results show that increases in the tax rates lead to higher evasion on two different ways: under invoicing and mislabeling higher taxed products as lower ones. These results corroborate the theoretical predictions of the Allingham (1972 model and contribute to the recent debate on the influence of tax rates on evasion. We also point out to the existence of nonlinearities in the relationship between tax rates and evasion by showing that higher rates raise the opportunity costs of paying taxes and thus encourage evasion. Finally, our results suggest that relatively high rates and a complex set of rules, especially for customs taxes, result in large potential rewards for taxpayers willing to bribe to cut their own tax burden and/or speed up customs clearance of

  5. A well functioning end user market - what, who, why and how

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Groenli, Helle; Livik, Klaus

    2000-01-01

    user could contribute to a better functioning end user market. The power supplier, network companies and the systems operators could contribute to a better market by analysing their own basic competence for developing new products and services, use cooperation solutions for liberating existing potentials and for employing strategic measures as bonus cards, internet solutions and invoices. There are several critical success factors for a well functioning end user market. Examples of such factors are systems for customer information, knowledge, risk management, internal routines, regulation regimens and strategy. Even if these critical success factors are insufficient it would be more difficult to obtain a well functioning end user market without them

  6. A inclusão de juros nas vendas a prazo em operações B2B = The inclusion of interest on credit sales in B2B operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Shinoda

    2015-04-01

    empresa compradora não serão vítimas de equívocos decorrentes da ilusão monetária. = Indirect taxes imposed on the sales of the companies are collected at set times of the month following the occurrence of the respective taxable event, irrespective of the selling being carried out for a cash payment, a single payment term or term installment payments. For the taxes mentioned, companies must pay attention on two main points: the date of the taxable event and the calculate of the financial or the opportunity cost in credit sales. The more earlier in the month occur issuing invoice, higher the benefit to the working capital management of supplier. That is, if the sale is made in cash the company will use for a longer time the value of the tax to finance its working capital. For on time supplies, the charge of financial or opportunity cost on the value of the in cash invoice will not cause to the supplier the same net value adjusted to present value generated for the in cash supplies. This is because indirect taxes are levied on the financial cost charged by the supplier in credit sales, although the payment dates of indirect taxes are the same for sale to spot or forward. Are suggested in this paper, formulas for the correct inclusion of financial or opportunity cost in term supplies. Thus, the supplier and the buyer company will not be victims of misunderstandings resulting from money illusion.

  7. Improved operations through manpower management in the oil sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ahmed, Hiba

    2007-01-01

    The need for improved operations was never higher than today in the oil industry. The world's demand for energy, especially for oil and natural gas, is rising rapidly and for many years to come. In order to meet this rising demand and to keep price volatility to a minimum; oil companies worldwide are looking for ways to improve operations in order to achieve increased production with decreased costs. This paper describes data from Southern Area Oil Operations (SAOO); an organization within the Saudi Arabian Oil Company (ARAMCO), to show how manpower management can be used to achieve improved operations. For the years 1983 to 2004, manpower management in SAOO focused on addressing both the quantity and quality dimensions of manpower. First, the level of manpower gradually declined by 35% for both the Saudi Arab and Expatriate categories for the entire period. Expatriate labor is defined as labor in three main categories: US/Canadian, UK, and Asians and Other Arabs. Second, the level of training slowly increased to align manpower to better fit organizational functions and work responsibilities. Not only a number of new training and development programs were initiated but also the percentage of employees involved in such programs doubled from 4.5% in 1990 to 8.9% in 2004. Third, technology based initiatives such as the use of computers, Internet, and intranet were heavily introduced to employees in the last 10 yrs. Due to these three changes reduced costs and increased manpower efficiency were achieved. In the period 1983 to 2004 the total labor bill declined by 35% and Net Direct Expenditures NDE by 24% after adjusting for inflation and using 2004 dollars. Net Direct Expenditure NDE is defined by SAOO to be the summation of labor cost, material cost, invoices cost, and net service income. In addition two signs of improved efficiency of manpower were apparent in the same period. First, SAOO manpower, despite its smaller size, could actually sustain an increased

  8. Evolution of a Waste Information System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Speed, D.

    2009-01-01

    Managing information has become a pervasive task in our society and business activities. This is especially true in the arena of government facilities and nuclear materials. Accomplishing the required tasks is not sufficient in the new millennium; plans are made, reviewed and approved, specifications for materials are developed, materials are procured and delivered, inspected, invoices are audited and paid. Activities are conducted to procedures with embedded quality checks and a final turn-over inspection is performed. In order to make the most efficient use of our human capital, we turn to machines to assist us in managing the information flood. How best to address this task? This is new territory - there was no prior art at this level. The challenge is to exercise an appropriate level of control, and at the same time, add value. The key to accomplishing this goal is having a good team with a carefully engineered processes applying an appropriate level of automation. At the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), information is managed about the facility, its performance (environmental monitoring), mining operations, facility services, cyber security, human resources, business processes, and waste information. This paper addresses experience gained with the management of waste information over the first decade of operation. The WIPP Waste Information System (WWIS) was created to fill both a gatekeeper function to screen waste for disposal at Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and the official record of the properties of the waste contained in the WIPP transuranic waste repository. The WWIS has been a very successful system as the monitor of waste acceptance criteria and data integrity; it is an integral part of the success of the WIPP operation. The WWIS is now in its thirteenth year of operation. This period has included close regulatory scrutiny as a part of determining facility readiness for initial waste acceptance, and more than 40 significant software revisions

  9. Normalización documental y colaboración electrónica: una visión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eito Brun, Ricardo

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Different initiatives have been developed with the purpose ofstandardising the automation of business transactions through the Internet(referred to as B2B or business to business. These initiatives aim to designcommon processes and tools to make possible the global collaboration oforganisations in the Internet. But these initiatives do not require just tostandardise aspects related to physical communications protocols. Theirobjectives also include the standardisation of the electronic documents thatare exchanged in the execution of business processes like supply, distribution, invoicing, etc. Usually the term «framework» is used to refer to theseapproaches, to cover all the aspects related to business transactionstandardisation. Electronic documents support business transactions, andtheir structure, contents and integration in automated work processes hasalways been one of the areas subject of study and analysis. This contributiondescribe the evolution of e-collaboration frameworks and compares thefeatures previous initiatives like EDI (Electronic Data Interchange withframeworks specifically designed with the Internet in mind like ebXML,RosettaNet or UBL (Universal Business Language.

    La automatización de las transacciones comerciales entre empresasa través de Internet (B2B o Business to Business ha dado lugar a distintosesfuerzos en busca de la normalización en distintas áreas, y al diseñode infraestructuras que hacen posible la colaboración global en Internet.Estas infraestructuras no sólo exigen la presencia de una red de transmisiónfísica y la normalización de unos protocolos de comunicación seguros.Entre sus objetivos también se encuentra la normalización de los documentoselectrónicos que se utilizan en la ejecución de los procesos comerciales(suministro, distribución, facturación, etc. característicos de la colaboracióninterempresarial. Por lo tanto, resulta más apropiado hablar demarcos de colaboración y no s

  10. SISCAL project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santer, Richard P.; Fell, Frank

    2003-05-01

    ), combining satellite data, evaluation algorithms and value-adding ancillary digital information. This prevents the end user from investing funds into expensive equipment or to hire specialized personnel. The data processor shall be a generic tool, which may be applied to a large variety of operationally gathered satellite data. In the frame of SISCAL, the processor shall be applied to remotely sensed data of selected coastal areas and lakes in Central Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean, according to the needs of the end users within the SISCAL consortium. A number of measures are required to achieve the objective of the proposed project: (1) Identification and specification of the SISCAL end user needs for NRT water related data products accessible to EO techniques. (2) Selection of the most appropriate instruments, evaluation algorithms and ancillary data bases required to provide the identified data products. (3) Development of the actual Near-Real-Time data processor for the specified EO data products. (4) Development of the GIS processor adding ancillary digital information to the satellite images and providing the required geographical projections. (5) Development of a product retrieval and management system to handle ordering and distribution of data products between the SISCAL server and the end users, including payment and invoicing. (6) Evaluation of the derived data products in terms of accuracy and usefulness by comparison with available in-situ measurements and by making use of the local expertise of the end users. (7) Establishing an Internet server dedicated to internal communication between the consortium members as well as presenting the SISCAL project to a larger public. (8) Marketing activities, presentation of data processor to potential external customers, identification of their exact needs. The innovative aspect of the SISCAL project consists in the generation of NRT data products on water quality parameters from EO data. This article mainly deals

  11. Corporate Communication Strategies in Restaurant Franchises. Chromatic Analysis of Visual Corporate Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Juan M. Monserrat Gauchi, Juan.Monserrat@ua.es

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this piece of research is to determine the interrelationships between the corporate image used by the main restaurant franchises operating in Spain and the colours used by them. Following Colour Theory and the studies on colour psychology that will be dealt with during the course of this paper, we have started with the principal hypothesis that red will be the predominant colour, together with yellow, due to the fact that these colours, because of their inherent connotations, are those best able to convey the activity and philosophy of fast food companies.The field of Visual Corporate Identity is an extremely wide one in which various elements are at work, such as brand, logo, symbol, typography, colour, different compositions or versions of the brand and the application of the brand to different support media. This means that when it comes to the comparative analysis, this piece of research will focus on the chromatic aspect of each sample analysed as it operates in the fast food sector and the Spanish market, based on the assumption that the way in which elements such as colour are used is not arbitrary.The methodology used in this research meant selecting a sector of activity from within the commercial system of fast food franchises and determining the samples to be analysed based on the following criteria: highest volume of invoicing and greatest number of franchises operating in Spain. To accomplish this, the authors have based their research upon qualitative methods and secondary sources. In conclusion, we have been able to demonstrate how the use of corporate identity and, more specifically, colour, is deliberate and undoubtedly forms part of, and is subordinated to, the corporate communication strategies defined by the company.La presente investigación trata de determinar las interrelaciones que se dan entre la imagen corporativa utilizada por las principales cadenas de franquicia de restauración operativas en España y los

  12. AVALIAÇÃO DA AQUISIÇÃO, ESTOCAGEM E VENDA DE PEIXES EM UM ESTABELECIMENTO DE PESCA ESPORTIVA EVALUATION OF ACQUISITION, STOCKING AND SALE OF FISH IN A SPORTIVE FISHING ENTERPRISE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gomes Sanches

    2009-07-01

    December of 2003 monthly visits they were accomplished to an enterprise placed in the Road White Castle, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, being made the rising of the data starting from you command them “of sale” and of the invoices of purchase of fish. They were obtained, for each one of the mentioned species, the amounts (in kilos acquired by the fishing (entrance of fish and for the customer-fishermen (exit of fish, whose number also enrolled. Such data allowed to determine the medium acquisition of fish for fishermen a month, to know the times of larger public frequency, the species preferred for acquisition, the biomass stocking in the pond, etc. The accompaniment showed that the practiced dynamics takes to the immobility capital, it puts in risk the sanitary safety of the fish population, and it turns the property a pollution exporter through pouring out water. The parameters for the selection the species, the handling techniques, as well as the incentives offered to the acquisition of the exemplary fish are insufficient, conspiring for the loss of profitability of the enterprise. The introduction with new fishes should obey the exit rhythm (fishing/sale of the fish, being avoided to extrapolate the capacity supports of the pond. Therefore, one should not have the readiness of fishes for m3 as only incentive factor to the fishing, because that can take to an uncontrolled increase of the total population of the pond.

    KEY WORDS: Fish and pay, acquisition, stock, sale, sportive fishing.

  13. The electricity meters came - what happened? Interview study of the expectations on the new meters and their knowledge of electricity and energy; Maetaren kom - vad haende? Intervjustudie om kundernas foervaentan paa de nya elmaetarna och deras kunskaper om el och energi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindstedt, Inger; Maardsjoe Blume, Karin

    2008-11-15

    respondents said that the new system should help to eliminate peaks at certain times of the year, which is often the case with adjustment invoices. It was clear from the interviews that nobody really understood the concept 1kWh and what this meant in terms of electricity consumption. The respondents also said that as they were unable to calculate how much energy an apparatus used, they had difficulties in determining whether it was worth changing to an energy-saving alternative or not. It was also evident that the respondents both admitted their ignorance and distanced themselves from the matter. No social stigma is attached to a lack of knowledge about electricity, energy and other related issues. The respondents also maintained that everyone knows that electricity bills are incomprehensible and that complaining about them is natural. An important factor for successful communication is whether those you want to communicate with, in this case the customers, are motivated and interested in the issue or not. In communication research we talk about a person's different types of involvement: decision-involvement, for example, is about deciding whether to buy a product or service, while subject-involvement relates to one's interest and involvement in a particular topic, like the environment or energy. The degree of involvement can therefore determine how successful the communication is and whether it is a question of communication at all. The interviews clearly showed that when it comes to energy, all the respondents have a low degree of subject-involvement. They know very little about the physical measure 1kWh, energy consumption, and experience that they 'fall short' when it comes to energy matters. They will also find it difficult to link their total energy consumption with different types of apparatus in the future, because they are unable to apportion their consumption. Even with the new monthly readings, the consumer will still have a lot to work out

  14. Multiplication des statuts précaires et (déstructuration de l’espace professionnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cégolène Frisque

    2013-12-01

    self-employment” and paid in the form of invoices for service delivery – widespread in emerging or unregulated media like the Internet. What are the roles of the various actors within the professional field in these processes? How can we understand the dynamics of these changes?Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar as formas de controle do mercado de trabalho jornalístico, a diversificação dos estatutos profissionais e seu impacto sobre o espaço profissional. Ele é baseado na exploração de dados secundários da Comissão da carteira de identidade dos Jornalistas Profissionais (o documento não é obrigatório, mas é amplamente difundido e carregado de valor simbólico na França, em confronto com outras fontes estatísticas e 40 entrevistas com jornalistas em situações não estáveis de trabalho, ou seja, sem contrato permanente, mas remunerado de outras formas, em diferentes setores da imprensa. A análise demonstra uma queda – invisível até o momento – no jornalismo «freelancer», definido como o pagamento por reportagem, por página ou por dia trabalhado, ocasional ou com alguma regularidade, mas considerado oficialmente um contrato de trabalho de acordo com a ficção jurídica, permitindo teoricamente que esses jornalistas se beneficiem de todos os direitos trabalhistas e previdenciários dos demais empregados. Este estatuto clássico é suplantado por outras categorias «precárias» de trabalho, que se multiplicaram entre os empregados assalariados (contratos com prazo determinado, a partir de um dia, a 12 até 18 meses; contratos subsidiados pelo Estado, concedidos com a finalidade de reintegração da força de trabalho. Outros estatutos utilizados provêm de setores correlatos ao da mídia informativa (autores e artistas, trabalhadores do mercado editorial, da indústria de entretenimento e dos meios audiovisuais. Este processo de desestruturação do mercado de trabalho foi promovido pelo recente status de «auto-empresário», considerado como uma esp

  15. An integrated approach to calculate life cycle costs of arms and military equipment

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    Vlada S. Sokolović

    2013-12-01

    of goods or services, bid and supplier evaluation, negotiations, as well as contract and project administration. Administrative activities include processing and dispatching orders, comparing delivery and receipt confirmations, invoice receipt and verification, record-keeping and others. The identified existing and potential failures occurring in the procurement of military assets and affecting the optimization of use of financial resources, include: lack of adequate staff, imprecise legal regulations of procurement, lack of multi-year framework agreements related to the acquisition, insufficient and inadequate market research, incomplete adherence to the existing norms, late placing of funds at the disposal of the procurement service, untimely and inaccurate procurement planning, poor quality technical documentation, disrespect for deadlines, inadequate frequency of purchases, a number of "urgent and confidential procurements,", absence of a system limiting the time of procurement activities, absence of an adequate structure to deal with procurement control, etc. In addition, an integrated information system or a database that would allow access to the data and the analysis of the dynamics of costs would ensure proper assessment of costs of investments in equipping the military with AME.. CONCLUSION Determining AME  life cycle costs should be made at an early phase of asset development because it can repeatedly affect the total amount and cost reduction through project changing. In the cost analysis, it is desirable to use mathematical models and methods developed in the theory and practice to allow accurate calculations of the elements necessary for a cost estimate. The biggest costs occur in the functional competence of logistics which shows that equipping the army must be based on logistic grounds for efficiency and cost saving throughout the life cycle of the asset. The initial cost of assets in relation to the costs that appear at the end of their life cycle

  16. Editorial volume 3 - issue 1: Wishes and hopes for the digital university.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yngve Nordkvelle

    2007-12-01

    survive as the most prestigious activity in U.S. universities, as it is in most European ones. In addition, the tendency is strong towards deeper polarization between research and teaching positions. Also, a rapid growth in the employment of part-time non-tenured teachers in the US poses a significant challenge to the traditional structure of employment. About one half of the faculty members in the U.S. are now part-time (Rice, Finkelstein, Hall & Schuster 2004. Most of these part time academics are doing teaching, and many of them are associated with online teaching and learning. Some have hopes and dreams about making repetitive work simpler and automated, like paying invoices. Handling teaching and learning is a totally different issue. If the case is that using technology will be outsourced to part-time personnel or restricted to learning centres etc. we shall miss the opportunity of addressing the more profound issues about technology, teaching and learning. Douglas Kellner (2001 argues that these issues are so serious that, much more than before, they “require a reformulation and expansion of the concept of critical or committed intellectual”. And there are numerous good reasons. If critical intellectuals do not commit themselves to investigating both risks and promises, other institutions, mainly commercial, will fill the gap. Higher education needs to become involved and set standards for the critical and reflective use of educational technology. Burbules and Callister jr. anticipate that ”Colleges and universities will change because of pressures from the outside as well as conscious decisions made from the inside, and technologies will be incorporated, in some ways and to some degree, in everything that colleges and universities try to do.” (ibid. p.7. The articles presented in this issue address such topics in many ways. Training university teachers to use online learning in a critical way is the topic Erika Løfstrøm and Anne Nevgi address in this