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Sample records for invery underdoped yttrium-barium-copper-oxide

  1. Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy of Magnetic Vortices inVery Underdoped yttrium-barium-copper-oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guikema, Janice Wynn; /SLAC, SSRL

    2005-12-02

    Since their discovery by Bednorz and Mueller (1986), high-temperature cuprate superconductors have been the subject of intense experimental research and theoretical work. Despite this large-scale effort, agreement on the mechanism of high-T{sub c} has not been reached. Many theories make their strongest predictions for underdoped superconductors with very low superfluid density n{sub s}/m*. For this dissertation I implemented a scanning Hall probe microscope and used it to study magnetic vortices in newly available single crystals of very underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (Liang et al. 1998, 2002). These studies have disproved a promising theory of spin-charge separation, measured the apparent vortex size (an upper bound on the penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}), and revealed an intriguing phenomenon of ''split'' vortices. Scanning Hall probe microscopy is a non-invasive and direct method for magnetic field imaging. It is one of the few techniques capable of submicron spatial resolution coupled with sub-{Phi}{sub 0} (flux quantum) sensitivity, and it operates over a wide temperature range. Chapter 2 introduces the variable temperature scanning microscope and discusses the scanning Hall probe set-up and scanner characterizations. Chapter 3 details my fabrication of submicron GaAs/AlGaAs Hall probes and discusses noise studies for a range of probe sizes, which suggest that sub-100 nm probes could be made without compromising flux sensitivity. The subsequent chapters detail scanning Hall probe (and SQUID) microscopy studies of very underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} crystals with T{sub c} {le} 15 K. Chapter 4 describes two experimental tests for visons, essential excitations of a spin-charge separation theory proposed by Senthil and Fisher (2000, 2001b). We searched for predicted hc/e vortices (Wynn et al. 2001) and a vortex memory effect (Bonn et al. 2001) with null results, placing upper bounds on the vison energy inconsistent with

  2. Property and microstructural nonuniformity in the yttrium-barium-copper-oxide superconductor determined from electrical, magnetic, and ultrasonic measurements. Ph.D. Thesis - Case Western Reserve Univ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Don J.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation was the following: (1) to characterize the effect of pore fraction on a comprehensive set of electrical and magnetic properties for the yttrium-barium-copper-oxide (YBCO) high temperature ceramic superconductor; and (2) to determine the viability of using a room-temperature, nondestructive characterization method to aid in the prediction of superconducting (cryogenic) properties. The latter involved correlating ultrasonic velocity measurements at room temperature with property-affecting pore fraction and oxygen content variations. The use of ultrasonic velocity for estimating pore fraction in YBCO is presented, and other polycrystalline materials are reviewed, modeled, and statistically analyzed. This provides the basis for using ultrasonic velocity to interrogate microstructure. The effect of pore fraction (0.10-0.25) on superconductor properties of YBCO samples was characterized. Spatial (within-sample) variations in microstructure and superconductor properties were investigated, and the effect of oxygen content on elastic behavior was examined. Experimental methods used included a.c. susceptibility, electrical, and ultrasonic velocity measurements. Superconductor properties measured included transition temperature, magnetic transition width, transport and magnetic critical current density, magnetic shielding, a.c. loss, and sharpness of the voltage-current characteristics. An ultrasonic velocity image constructed from measurements at 1mm increments across a YBCO sample revealed microstructural variations that correlated with variations in magnetic shielding and a.c. loss behavior. Destructive examination using quantitative image analysis revealed pore fraction to be the varying microstructural feature.

  3. Semifluorinated Alkylphosphonic Acids Form High-Quality Self-Assembled Monolayers on Ag-Coated Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide Tapes and Enable Filamentization of the Tapes by Microcontact Printing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chul Soon; Lee, Han Ju; Lee, Dahye; Jamison, Andrew C; Galstyan, Eduard; Zagozdzon-Wosik, Wanda; Freyhardt, Herbert C; Jacobson, Allan J; Lee, T Randall

    2016-08-30

    A custom-designed semifluorinated phosphonic acid, (9,9,10,10,11,11,12,12,13,13,14,14,15,15,16,16,16-heptadecafluorohexadecyl)phosphonic acid (F8H8PA), and a normal hexadecylphosphonic acid (H16PA) were synthesized and used to generate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on commercially available yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) tapes. In this study, we wished to evaluate the effectiveness of these monolayer films as coatings for selectively etching YBCO. Initial films formed by solution deposition and manual stamping using a non-patterned polydimethylsiloxane stamp allowed for a comparison of the film-formation characteristics. The resulting monolayers were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), contact angle goniometry, and polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). To prepare line-patterned (filamentized) YBCO tapes, standard microcontact printing (μ-CP) procedures were used. The stamped patterns on the YBCO tapes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and after etching to confirm the effectiveness of the patterning process on the YBCO surface and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) to obtain the atomic composition of the exposed interface.

  4. Analysis of Yttrium-Barium-Copper-Oxide by x ray diffraction and mechanical characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenovic, Petar

    1992-01-01

    The efforts in developing high-temperature superconductor (HTSC) YBa2Cu3O7 electrical leads are to benefit future NASA missions that will carry payloads with sensitive instruments operating at cryogenic temperatures. Present-day leads made of copper or magnesium are responsible for as much as 50 percent of the parasitic heat load on cryogenic systems. A reduction of this load could be achieved by replacing the conventional materials with HTSC ceramic electrical leads. Superconductor quality has become a concern in the industry, as has the development of effective evaluation methods. The factors that need to be examined for these materials include material purity, mechanical properties, and superconducting ability below the critical temperature. We applied several methods to study these factors: thermogravimetric analysis, x-ray diffraction, tensile testing, and laser-generated ultrasound. Our objectives were to determine the average tensile strength and Young's modulus of the HTSC material and to compare them to those values for copper and manganin.

  5. Contact resistance and normal zone formation in coated yttrium barium copper oxide superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duckworth, Robert Calvin

    2001-11-01

    This project presents a systematic study of contact resistance and normal zone formation in silver coated YBa2CU3Ox (YBCO) superconductors. A unique opportunity exists in YBCO superconductors because of the ability to use oxygen annealing to influence the interfacial properties and the planar geometry of this type of superconductor to characterize the contact resistance between the silver and YBCO. The interface represents a region that current must cross when normal zones form in the superconductor and a high contact resistance could impede the current transfer or produce excess Joule heating that would result in premature quench or damage of the sample. While it has been shown in single-crystalline YBCO processing methods that the contact resistance of the silver/YBCO interface can be influenced by post-process oxygen annealing, this has not previously been confirmed for high-density films, nor for samples with complete layers of silver deposited on top of the YBCO. Both the influence of contact resistance and the knowledge of normal zone formation on conductor sized samples is essential for their successful implementation into superconducting applications such as transmission lines and magnets. While normal zone formation and propagation have been studied in other high temperature superconductors, the amount of information with respect to YBCO has been very limited. This study establishes that the processing method for the YBCO does not affect the contact resistance and mirrors the dependence of contact resistance on oxygen annealing temperature observed in earlier work. It has also been experimentally confirmed that the current transfer length provides an effective representation of the contact resistance when compared to more direct measurements using the traditional four-wire method. Finally for samples with low contact resistance, a combination of experiments and modeling demonstrate an accurate understanding of the key role of silver thickness and substrate thickness on the stability of silver-coated YBCO Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrates conductors. Both the experimental measurements and the one-dimensional model show that increasing the silver thickness results in an increased thermal runaway current; that is, the current above which normal zones continue to grow due to insufficient local cooling.

  6. Experimental study of yttrium barium copper oxide superconducting tape’s critical current under twisting moment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ziauddin Khan; Ananya Kundu; Subrata Pradhan

    2013-10-01

    Critical current (c) characteristics of 2G YBCO superconducting tape under the influence of twisting moment was experimentally investigated at varying current ramp rates in the self-field. Under a uniform twist, the degradation in the current-carrying capacity of YBCO tape up to 30% was observed at 77 K. The degradation is largely attributed to the shear stress and torsional shear strain resulting from the twisting. The superconductor to resistive transition index, , is also found to behave in an identical manner with increase in the twisting. Finite element analysis (FEA) of the tape in the experimental configuration with twisting moment being applied on to it has been carried out in COMSOL. The torsional strain calculated analytically as per the experimental configuration matches closely with that of FEA results, which shows that the critical current degradation is a function of strain.

  7. The low magnetic field properties of superconducting bulk yttrium barium copper oxide - Sintered versus partially melted material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, R. A.; Hojaji, H.; Barkatt, A.; Shafii, H.; Michael, K. A.; Thorpe, A. N.; Ware, M. F.; Alterescu, S.

    1989-01-01

    A comparison of the low magnetic field properties of sintered (990 C) and partially melted samples (1050 C) has been performed. Changes in the microstructure produced by recrystallization from the melt result in a significant increase in flux pinning at 77 K. Low-frequency (10-100 Hz), low-ac magnetic-field (0.01-9.0 Oe) ac susceptibility data show that gross changes in the loss component accompany the observed changes in microstructure. The effects of applied dc magnetic fields (10-220 Oe) on the ac responses of these microstructures have also been probed.

  8. Electro-magnetic properties and engineering applications of single-domain high temperature superconductor yttrium barium copper oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Dehui

    High temperature superconductors (HTS) exhibit a commonly known Meissner effect, which can cause a unusually strong magnetic repulsion. Using this effect, magnetic bearings have been constructed with 1000 times less friction than that of conventional bearings. The commercialization of the flywheel energy storage device (FESD) could mean cost-savings for the electric power industry. For instance, using a flywheel device, the energy can be generated most efficiently at a steady rate, and meet the high demand in peak daytime hours. Since the magnetic levitation using HTS involves very little friction, only about 0.1 percent of stored energy is lost per hour making electricity consumption most economic. As FESD is to be commercialized in the future, need for more expensive fossil fuel generating plants would be reduced or eliminated. In magnetic levitation using an anisotropic HTS such as YBa2Cu 3Ox, it has been reported that the levitation force is determined by sample geometry and flux pinning strength. Previous studies on critical current density and flux creep have indicated that crystal orientation should have a significant effect on levitation force due to superconducting anisotropy. The underline mechanisms governing the levitation force associated with superconducting anisotropy have not, however, been identified. Finding the crystal orientation dependence of the levitation force is not only of great interest to fundamental studies, but also important for industrial applications. For instance, the levitation force has been found to be one of the key parameters influencing the energy loss in flywheel energy storage. Enhancement of the levitation force has been the main goal in HTS materials development for magnetic bearings. The study of the relationship between levitation force and various materials parameters including crystal orientation, flux pinning strength, and geometry provide valuable information in further optimizing the materials performance in industrial applications. In this dissertation, we report levitation force values of single-domain samples of various orientations. The samples are sectioned from one large single-domain material processed using the seeded melt growth (SMG) method. We also discuss the possible physical mechanism responsible for the levitation behavior observed. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  9. Comparison between the magnetic and transport critical current densities in high critical current density melt-textured yttrium barium copper-oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, L.; Meng, R. L.; Xue, Y. Y.; Hor, P. H.; Chu, C. W.

    1991-01-01

    Using a recently developed pulsed critical current density (Jc) measuring system, the Jc of the high-Jc melt-textured YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) (Y123) bulk samples has been determined. I-V curves with a voltage resolution of 0.5 microV were obtained, and transport Jc's along the a-b plane as high as 7.2 x 10 to the 4th A/sq cm were extracted. These results are comparable to the values obtained magnetically. On the other hand, transport Jc along the c axis were found to be two orders of magnitude smaller, even though the magnetic Jc along the c axis is only about five times smaller than Jc along the a-b plane. It is suggested that for the high-temperature superconducting materials which are highly anisotropic, caution should be taken when using the nontransport magnetic methods to determine Jc.

  10. Search for quantum transducers between electromagnetic and gravitational radiation A measurement of an upper limit on the transducer conversion efficiency of yttrium barium copper oxide

    CERN Document Server

    Chiao, R Y; Speliotopoulos, A D

    2003-01-01

    A minimal coupling rule for the coupling of the electron spin to curved spacetime in general relativity suggests the possibility of a coupling between electromagnetic and gravitational radiation mediated by means of a quantum fluid. Thus quantum transducers between these two kinds of radiation fields might exist. We report here on the first attempt at a Hertz-type experiment, in which a high-$\\rm{T_c}$ superconductor (YBCO) was the sample material used as a possible quantum transducer to convert EM into GR microwaves, and a second piece of YBCO in a separate apparatus was used to back-convert GR into EM microwaves. An upper limit on the conversion efficiency of YBCO was measured to be $1.6\\times10^{-5}$ at liquid nitrogen temperature.

  11. Study of Pseudogap in Underdoped Cuprate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LOU Ping; WU Hang-Sheng

    2001-01-01

    A mean-field spin-density wave (SDW) analysis of pseudogap in the underdoped cuprates is proposed on the dependence of the energy gap which mimics the pseudogap near (π, 0) point at least. It implies that the pseudogap structure near (π, 0) is not sensitive to the long-range order and will survive leading to the pseudogap phenomenon in the underdoped metallic phase. On the other hand, in the long-range ordering antiferromagnetic region, the mean-field SDW theory holds and the pseudogap structure predicated by the theory should be observable experimentallyv. Then one prediction is that the pseudogap would smoothly extrapolate between itinerant antiferromagnetic phase and underdoped metallic phase.

  12. Composite Operator Method Analysis of the Underdoped Cuprates Puzzle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Avella

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The microscopical analysis of the unconventional and puzzling physics of the underdoped cuprates, as carried out lately by means of the composite operator method (COM applied to the 2D Hubbard model, is reviewed and systematized. The 2D Hubbard model has been adopted as it has been considered the minimal model capable of describing the most peculiar features of cuprates held responsible for their anomalous behavior. COM is designed to endorse, since its foundation, the systematic emergence in any SCS of new elementary excitations described by composite operators obeying noncanonical algebras. In this case (underdoped cuprates—2D Hubbard model, the residual interactions—beyond a 2-pole approximation—between the new elementary electronic excitations, dictated by the strong local Coulomb repulsion and well described by the two Hubbard composite operators, have been treated within the noncrossing approximation. Given this recipe and exploiting the few unknowns to enforce the Pauli principle content in the solution, it is possible to qualitatively describe some of the anomalous features of high-Tc cuprate superconductors such as large versus small Fermi surface dichotomy, Fermi surface deconstruction (appearance of Fermi arcs, nodal versus antinodal physics, pseudogap(s, and kinks in the electronic dispersion. The resulting scenario envisages a smooth crossover between an ordinary weakly interacting metal sustaining weak, short-range antiferromagnetic correlations in the overdoped regime to an unconventional poor metal characterized by very strong, long-but-finite-range antiferromagnetic correlations leading to momentum-selective non-Fermi liquid features as well as to the opening of a pseudogap and to the striking differences between the nodal and the antinodal dynamics in the underdoped regime.

  13. Incommensurate Magnetic Fluctuations in the Underdoped Copper Oxide Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Feng; FENG Shi-Ping; CHEN Wei-Yeu

    2001-01-01

    The doping dependence of magnetic fluctuations in the underdoped copper oxide materials are studied within the t-J model. It is shown that away from the half-filling, the magnetic Bragg peaks from the dynamical spin structure factor spectrum S(k, ω) are incommensurate with the lattice. Although the incommensurability δ(x) is almost energy-independent, the dynamical spin susceptibility x〃(k,ω) at the incommensurate wave vectors is changed dramatically with energies, which is consistent with the experiments.``

  14. Thermodynamic and transport properties of underdoped cuprates from ARPES data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, T.; Zhou, X.J.; Yagi, H.; Lu, D.H.; Tanaka, K.; Fujimori, A.; Hussain, Z.; Shen, Z.-X.; Kakeshita, T.; Eisaki, H.; Uchida, S.; Segawa, Kouji; Lavrov, A.N.; Ando, Yoichi

    2004-09-15

    The relationship between photoemission spectra of high-T{sub c} cuprates and their thermodynamic and transport properties are discussed. The doping dependence of the expected quasi-particle density at the Fermi level (E{sub F}) are compared with the electronic specific heat coefficient {gamma} and that of the spectral weight at E{sub F} with the in-plane and out-of-plane superfluid density. We have estimated the electrical resistivity of underdoped cuprates from the momentum distribution curve (MDC) at E{sub F} in the nodal direction. The temperature dependence of the MDC width is also consistent with that of the electrical resistivity.

  15. Optical properties of the pseudogap state in deeply underdoped cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pound, Adam; Carbotte, Jules; Nicol, Elisabeth

    2011-03-01

    Recent optical measurements of deeply underdoped cuprates have revealed that a coherent Drude response persists well below the end of the superconducting dome in the phase diagram. We show that this observation is consistent with the resonating valence bond spin-liquid model proposed by Yang, Rice, and Zhang. Within this model, we analyze the three elements that cause the overall reduction in optical conductivity in the approach to the Mott insulating state: a Gutzwiller factor associated with increased correlations, which causes a reduction in the coherent part of the carrier Green's function; a shrinking of the Fermi surface defining the hole Luttinger contours; and an increase in optical effective mass. We show that each of these elements yields qualitative agreement with various experimental observations. Finally, we show how the increased magnitude of the pseudogap at low doping modifies the microwave conductivity and the Wiedemann-Franz law.

  16. Charge ordering phenomena and superconductivity in underdoped cuprates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tassini, Leonardo [Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Muenchen (Germany). Lehrstuhl E23 fuer Technische Physik

    2008-01-16

    In this thesis electronic properties of two prototypical copper-oxygen superconductors were studied with Raman scattering. The underdoped regime including the onset point of superconductivity p{sub sc1} was investigated. Evidence of quasi one-dimensional (1D) dynamical stripes was found. The 1D structures have a universal preferential orientation along the diagonals of the CuO{sub 2} planes below p{sub sc1}. At p{sub sc1}, lattice and electron dynamics change discontinuously. The results show that charge ordering drives the transition at p{sub sc1} and that the maximal transition temperature to superconductivity at optimal doping T{sub c}{sup MAX} depends on the type of ordering at p{sub sc1}. (orig.)

  17. Optical properties of the pseudogap state in underdoped cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pound, A.; Carbotte, J. P.; Nicol, E. J.

    2011-05-01

    Recent optical measurements of deeply underdoped cuprates have revealed that a coherent Drude response persists well below the end of the superconducting dome. In addition, no large increase in optical effective mass has been observed, even at dopings as low as 1%. We show that this behavior is consistent with the resonating valence bond spin-liquid model proposed by Yang, Rice, and Zhang. In this model, the overall reduction in optical conductivity in the approach to the Mott insulating state is caused not by an increase in effective mass, but by a Gutzwiller factor, which describes decreased coherence due to correlations, and by a shrinking of the Fermi surface, which decreases the number of available charge carriers. We also show that in this model, the pseudogap does not modify the low-temperature, low-frequency behavior, though the magnitude of the conductivity is greatly reduced by the Gutzwiller factor. Similarly, the profile of the temperature dependence of the microwave conductivity is largely unchanged in shape, but the Gutzwiller factor is essential in understanding the observed difference in magnitude between ortho-I and -II YBa2Cu3O y .

  18. Anomalous Suppression of the Vortex Hall Current in Underdoped YBa2Cu3Ox

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许祝安; 黄有兴; 赵彦立; 张宣嘉; 焦正宽

    2001-01-01

    The transport properties of underdoped YBa2 Cu3 Ox (YBCO) crystals with x = 6.95, 6.80 and 6.66 were measured and the effect of the pseudogap on the Hall conductivity was studied. In the normal state, the Hall angle remains unperturbed at the crossover temperature of resistivity for the underdoped samples. An anomalous suppression of the vortex Hall current was observed near Tc and the contribution of the vortices to the Hall current is absent above 40 K in 60 K YBCO (x = 6.66).

  19. Doping-Induced Change of Optical Properties in Underdoped High-Tc Superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, H. L.; Tanner, D. B.; Berger, H.; Forro, L.; Margaritondo, G.

    1997-03-01

    We report on ab-plane reflectivity measurements in underdoped single crystals of Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_8. A generalized Drude analysis of the optical conductivity shows that the frequency-dependent scattering rate, 1/τ(ω,T), of two moderately underdoped samples (with Tc = 85, 80 K) displays similar structure at low frequencies as temperature is reduced. This threshold structure in the scattering rate is enhanced and moves to higher frequencies over the whole temperature range in two heavily underdoped crystals (with Tc = 40, 35 K). Alternatively, a two-component description has been used to fit the optical data. The Drude relaxation rate 1/τ(T) varies linearly with temperature and decreases dramatically below Tc in all underdoped materials. Interestingly, the magnitude of both elastic scattering and inelastic scattering of Ni doped crystal is large compared to other samples. We also found that superconducting Tc scales linearly with the condensated superfluid density, consistent with the results of muon-spin-rotation experiments. supported by NSF-9403894

  20. Competing charge, spin, and superconducting orders in underdoped YBa2Cu3Oy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hücker, M.; Christensen, Niels Bech; Holmes, A. T.

    2014-01-01

    order decreases with underdoping to TCDW~90 K in YBa2Cu3O6.44. Together with a weakened order parameter this suggests a competition between CDW and SDW orders. In addition, the CDW order in YBa2Cu3O6.44 shows the same type of competition with superconductivity as a function of temperature and magnetic...

  1. Excitation of coherent oscillations in underdoped cuprate superconductors by intense THz pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Matthias C.; Lee, Wei-Sheng; Dakovski, Georgi L.; Turner, Joshua J.; Gerber, Simon M.; Bonn, Doug; Hardy, Walter; Liang, Ruixing; Salluzzo, Marco

    2016-05-01

    We use intense broadband THz pulses to excite the cuprate superconductors YBCO and NBCO in their underdoped phase, where superconducting and charge density wave ground states compete. We observe pronounced coherent oscillations at attributed to renormalized low-energy phonon modes. These oscillation features are much more prominent than those observed in all-optical pump-probe measurements, suggesting a different excitation mechanism.

  2. Observation of distinct, temperature dependent flux noise near bicrystal grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7-x films

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, K. R.; Jacobsen, Claus Schelde; Hansen, Jørn Bindslev

    2000-01-01

    The characteristics of the magnetic flux noise in high temperature superconducting thin-films of yttrium-barium-copper-oxide (YBa2Cu3O7) in the vicinity of artificial grain boundaries have been studied by means of a low critical temperature superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID...

  3. Processing of Superconductor-Normal-Superconductor Josephson Edge Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinsasser, A. W.; Barner, J. B.

    1997-01-01

    The electrical behavior of epitaxial superconductor-normal-superconductor (SNS) Josephson edge junctions is strongly affected by processing conditions. Ex-situ processes, utilizing photoresist and polyimide/photoresist mask layers, are employed for ion milling edges for junctions with Yttrium-Barium-Copper-Oxide (YBCO) electrodes and primarily Co-doped YBCO interlayers.

  4. Measurements of the anisotropic in-plane resistivity of underdoped FeAs-based pnictide superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, J J; Wang, X F; Wu, T; Xiang, Z J; Liu, R H; Yan, Y J; Wang, A F; Zhang, M; Ye, G J; Cheng, P; Hu, J P; Chen, X H

    2011-08-01

    We systematically investigated the in-plane resistivity anisotropy of electron-underdoped EuFe(2-x)Co(x)As(2) and BaFe(2-x)Co(x)As(2) and hole-underdoped Ba(1-x)K(x)Fe(2)As(2). Large in-plane resistivity anisotropy was found in the former samples, while tiny in-plane resistivity anisotropy was detected in the latter ones. When it is detected, the anisotropy starts above the structural transition temperature and increases smoothly through it. As the temperature is lowered further, the anisotropy takes a dramatic enhancement through the magnetic transition temperature. We found that the anisotropy is universally tied to the presence of T-linear behavior of resistivity. Our results demonstrate that the nematic state is caused by electronic degrees of freedom, and the microscopic orbital involvement in the magnetically ordered state must be fundamentally different between the hole- and electron-doped materials.

  5. Muon Knight shift study of pseudogap state in underdoped (Bi,Pb)2201

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyazaki, M., E-mail: mmiya@post.kek.j [Department of Materials Structure Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Kadono, R. [Department of Materials Structure Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK-IMSS), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Hiraishi, M.; Satoh, K.H. [Department of Materials Structure Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Takeshita, S. [Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK-IMSS), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Koda, A. [Department of Materials Structure Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK-IMSS), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki-Pref. 305-0801 (Japan); Fukunaga, Y.; Tanabe, Y.; Adachi, T.; Koike, Y. [Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)

    2010-12-15

    We performed zero-field muon spin rotation/relaxation (ZF-{mu}SR) measurements on high-quality single-crystalline samples of Bi{sub 1.76}Pb{sub 0.35}Sr{sub 1.89}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} [(Bi,Pb)2201] over a wide doping region controlled by oxygen depletion ({delta}). We find that there is no static magnetic order above {approx}2 K in any of these samples including underdoped samples. The absence of slow antiferromagnetic fluctuation in the underdoped region allows reliable muon Knight shift measurements, which provides a direct evidence of reduced density of states at lower temperatures or 'pseudogap'.

  6. Two energy scales and two quasiparticle dynamics in the superconducting state of under-doped cuprates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Tacon, M.; Sacuto, A. [Paris-7 Univ., Lab. Mat riaux et Ph nom nes Quantiques (UMR 7162 CNRS), 75 (France); Laboratoire de Physique du Solide, ESPCI, 75 - Paris (France); Georges, A. [Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France); Kotliar, G. [Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France); Rutgers Univ., Serin Physics Lab. (United States); Gallais, Y. [Columbia Univ. New York, Dept. of Physics and Applied Physics, NY (United States); Colson, D.; Forget, A. [CEA Saclay, Service de Physique de l' Etat Condense, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2006-07-01

    The superconducting state of under-doped cuprates is often described in terms of a single energy scale, associated with the maximum of the (d-wave) gap. Here, we report on electronic Raman scattering results, which show that the gap function in the under-doped regime is characterized by two energy scales, depending on doping in opposite manners. Their ratios to the maximum critical temperature are found to be universal in cuprates. Our experimental results also reveal two different quasiparticle dynamics in the under-doped superconducting state, associated with two regions of momentum space: nodal regions near the zeros of the gap and anti-nodal regions. While anti-nodal quasiparticles quickly loose coherence as doping is reduced, coherent nodal quasiparticles persist down to low doping levels. A theoretical analysis using a new sum-rule allows us to relate the low-frequency-dependence of the Raman response to the temperature-dependence of the superfluid density, both controlled by nodal excitations. (authors)

  7. Interpreting Quantum Oscillation Experiments on Underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tranquada, J.M.

    2010-02-01

    On the basis of negative transport coefficients, it has been argued that the quantum oscillations observed in underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} in high magnetic fields must be due to antinodal electron pockets. We point out a counterexample in which electronlike transport in a hole-doped cuprate is associated with Fermi-arc states. We also present evidence that the antinodal gap in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.67} is robust to modest applied magnetic fields. We suggest that these observations should be taken into account when interpreting the results of the quantum oscillation experiments.

  8. Anomalous Thermal Diffusivity in Underdoped YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, J -C; Ramshaw, B J; Bonn, D A; Liang, R; Hardy, W N; Hartnoll, S A; Kapitulnik, A

    2016-01-01

    We present local optical measurements of thermal diffusivity in the $ab$ plane of underdoped YBCO crystals. We find that the diffusivity anisotropy is comparable to reported values of the electrical resistivity anisotropy, suggesting that the anisotropies have the same origin. The anisotropy drops sharply below the charge order transition. We interpret our results through a strong electron-phonon scattering picture and find that both electronic and phononic contributions to the diffusivity saturate a proposed bound. Our results suggest that neither well-defined electron nor phonon quasiparticles are present in this material.

  9. Normal-state nodal electronic structure in underdoped high-Tc copper oxides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebastian, Suchitra E; Harrison, N; Balakirev, F F; Altarawneh, M M; Goddard, P A; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D A; Hardy, W N; Lonzarich, G G

    2014-07-03

    An outstanding problem in the field of high-transition-temperature (high-Tc) superconductivity is the identification of the normal state out of which superconductivity emerges in the mysterious underdoped regime. The normal state uncomplicated by thermal fluctuations can be studied using applied magnetic fields that are sufficiently strong to suppress long-range superconductivity at low temperatures. Proposals in which the normal ground state is characterized by small Fermi surface pockets that exist in the absence of symmetry breaking have been superseded by models based on the existence of a superlattice that breaks the translational symmetry of the underlying lattice. Recently, a charge superlattice model that positions a small electron-like Fermi pocket in the vicinity of the nodes (where the superconducting gap is minimum) has been proposed as a replacement for the prevalent superlattice models that position the Fermi pocket in the vicinity of the pseudogap at the antinodes (where the superconducting gap is maximum). Although some ingredients of symmetry breaking have been recently revealed by crystallographic studies, their relevance to the electronic structure remains unresolved. Here we report angle-resolved quantum oscillation measurements in the underdoped copper oxide YBa2Cu3O6 + x. These measurements reveal a normal ground state comprising electron-like Fermi surface pockets located in the vicinity of the nodes, and also point to an underlying superlattice structure of low frequency and long wavelength with features in common with the charge order identified recently by complementary spectroscopic techniques.

  10. Fragile charge order in the nonsuperconducting ground state of the underdoped high-temperature superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, B S; Harrison, N; Zhu, Z; Balakirev, F; Ramshaw, B J; Srivastava, A; Sabok-Sayr, S A; Sabok, S A; Dabrowski, B; Lonzarich, G G; Sebastian, Suchitra E

    2015-08-04

    The normal state in the hole underdoped copper oxide superconductors has proven to be a source of mystery for decades. The measurement of a small Fermi surface by quantum oscillations on suppression of superconductivity by high applied magnetic fields, together with complementary spectroscopic measurements in the hole underdoped copper oxide superconductors, point to a nodal electron pocket from charge order in YBa2Cu3(6+δ). Here, we report quantum oscillation measurements in the closely related stoichiometric material YBa2Cu4O8, which reveals similar Fermi surface properties to YBa2Cu3(6+δ), despite the nonobservation of charge order signatures in the same spectroscopic techniques, such as X-ray diffraction, that revealed signatures of charge order in YBa2Cu3(6+δ). Fermi surface reconstruction in YBa2Cu4O8 is suggested to occur from magnetic field enhancement of charge order that is rendered fragile in zero magnetic fields because of its potential unconventional nature and/or its occurrence as a subsidiary to more robust underlying electronic correlations.

  11. Doping-dependent critical Cooper-pair momentum pc in thin underdoped cuprate films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemberger, Thomas; Draskovic, John; Steers, Stanley; McJunkin, Thomas; Anmed, Adam

    2015-03-01

    We apply a low-field (oxygen stoichiometry through post-deposition annealing. The technique is based on applying a perpendicular magnetic field to the center of a superconducting film and measuring the field at which screening of the field catastrophically fails. Theory together with measurements on thin films of conventional superconductors Nb and MoGe argue for the validity of the technique. In underdoped cuprates, spectroscopy identifies multiple characteristic energy scales, e.g., the pseudogap and the ``nodal'' gap, neither of which is proportional to Tc. On general grounds, we expect to find that pc ~ 1/1ξ ξ is proportional to the characteristic superconducting energy scale. We observe that pc ~Tc as Tc decreases with underdoping, identifying kBTc as the characteristic energy. While this result is trivial in conventional superconductors whose spectroscopic gaps are proportional to Tc, it is significant in cuprates. Research supported by DOE-Basic Energy Sciences through Grant No. FG02-08ER46533.

  12. Compensated electron and hole pickets in an underdoped high Tc superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, Neil [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Altarawneh, Moaz M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mielke, Charles H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sebastian, Suchitra E [CAMBRIDGE U; Goddard, P A [U OF OXFORD; Liang, Ruixing [U BRITISH COLUMBIA; Bonn, D A [U BRITISH COLUMBIA; Hardy, W N [U BRITISH COLUMBIA; Andersen, O K [MAX PLANCK INST.; Lonzarich, G G [CAMBRIDGE U

    2010-01-01

    Important to the question of high temperature superconductivity is whether bound fermionic pairs with zero or finite momentum - exhibiting bosonic physics - are involved. Here we use angle-dependent magnetic quantum oscillation measurements in underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} to reveal two significantly differently corrugated small sections of Fermi surface, identifying them as comprising opposite carriers located at different locations of the Brillouin zone. The surprising finding that these disproportionately heavy small pockets are equal in size indicates they are prone to a finite momentum excitonic insulator instability. We discuss the possibility that reducing the doping drives YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} closer to an instability of this nature, its ultimate realization occuring at the metal-insulator quantum critical point, accompanied by a potential enhancement of superconducting transition temperatures.

  13. Compensated electron and hole pickets in an underdoped high Tc superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, Neil [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Altarawneh, Moaz M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mielke, Charles H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sebastian, Suchitra E [CAMBRIDGE U; Goddard, P A [U OF OXFORD; Liang, Ruixing [U BRITISH COLUMBIA; Bonn, D A [U BRITISH COLUMBIA; Hardy, W N [U BRITISH COLUMBIA; Andersen, O K [MAX PLANCK INST.; Lonzarich, G G [CAMBRIDGE U

    2010-01-01

    Important to the question of high temperature superconductivity is whether bound fermionic pairs with zero or finite momentum - exhibiting bosonic physics - are involved. Here we use angle-dependent magnetic quantum oscillation measurements in underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} to reveal two significantly differently corrugated small sections of Fermi surface, identifying them as comprising opposite carriers located at different locations of the Brillouin zone. The surprising finding that these disproportionately heavy small pockets are equal in size indicates they are prone to a finite momentum excitonic insulator instability. We discuss the possibility that reducing the doping drives YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} closer to an instability of this nature, its ultimate realization occuring at the metal-insulator quantum critical point, accompanied by a potential enhancement of superconducting transition temperatures.

  14. Vortex fluctuations in underdoped Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colson, Sylvain; Konczykowski, Marcin; Gaifullin, Marat B; Matsuda, Yuji; Gierłowski, Piotr; Li, Ming; Kes, Peter H; Van Der Beek, Cornelis J

    2003-04-04

    Vortex thermal fluctuations in heavily underdoped Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) (T(c)=69.4 K) are studied using Josephson plasma resonance. From the zero-field data, we obtain the c-axis penetration depth lambda(L,c)(0)=230+/-10 micrometer and the anisotropy ratio gamma(T). The low plasma frequency allows us to study phase correlations over the whole vortex solid state and to extract a wandering length r(w) of vortex pancakes. The temperature dependence of r(w) as well as its increase with dc magnetic field is explained by the renormalization of the vortex line tension by the fluctuations, suggesting that this softening is responsible for the dissociation of the vortices at the first order transition.

  15. Diamagnetic vortex barrier stripes in underdoped BaFe2(As1-xPx) 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagil, A.; Lamhot, Y.; Almoalem, A.; Kasahara, S.; Watashige, T.; Shibauchi, T.; Matsuda, Y.; Auslaender, O. M.

    2016-08-01

    We report magnetic force microscopy (MFM) measurements on underdoped BaFe2(As1 -xPx)2 (x =0.26 ) that show enhanced superconductivity along stripes parallel to twin boundaries. These stripes of enhanced diamagnetic response repel superconducting vortices and act as barriers for them to cross. The width of the stripes is hundreds of nanometers, on the scale of the penetration depth, well within the inherent spatial resolution of MFM and implying that the width is set by the interaction of the superconductor with the MFM's magnetic tip. Unlike similar stripes observed previously by scanning SQUID in the electron doped Ba (Fe1 -xCox)2As2 , the stripes in the isovalently doped BaFe2(As1 -xPx)2 disappear gradually when we warm the sample towards the superconducting transition temperature. Moreover, we find that the stripes move well below the reported structural transition temperature in BaFe2(As1 -xPx)2 and that they can be much denser than in the Ba (Fe1 -xCox)2As2 study. When we cool in finite magnetic field we find that some vortices appear in the middle of stripes, suggesting that the stripes may have an inner structure, which we cannot resolve. Finally, we use both vortex decoration at higher magnetic field and deliberate vortex dragging by the MFM magnetic tip to obtain bounds on the strength of the interaction between the stripes and vortices. We find that this interaction is strong enough to play a significant role in determining the critical current in underdoped BaFe2(As1 -xPx)2 .

  16. Specific heat of underdoped cuprate superconductors from a phenomenological layered Boson–Fermion model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salas, P., E-mail: patysalasc@hotmail.com; Fortes, M.; Solís, M.A.; Sevilla, F.J.

    2016-05-15

    Highlights: • We present a superconductivity model which includes the Boson–Fermion model and extend it to layered structures. • The model straightforwardly predicts and reproduces the electronic specific heat of underdoped cuprates. • The linear component of the electronic specific heat, and the quadratic and cubic behaviors for low temperatures are obtained. • The total specific heat is built giving very satisfactory results. • The mass anisotropy is explained through this model. - Abstract: We adapt the Boson–Fermion superconductivity model to include layered systems such as underdoped cuprate superconductors. These systems are represented by an infinite layered structure containing a mixture of paired and unpaired fermions. The former, which stand for the superconducting carriers, are considered as noninteracting zero spin composite-bosons with a linear energy–momentum dispersion relation in the CuO{sub 2} planes where superconduction is predominant, coexisting with the unpaired fermions in a pattern of stacked slabs. The inter-slab, penetrable, infinite planes are generated by a Dirac comb potential, while paired and unpaired electrons (or holes) are free to move parallel to the planes. Composite-bosons condense at a critical temperature at which they exhibit a jump in their specific heat. These two values are assumed to be equal to the superconducting critical temperature T{sub c} and the specific heat jump reported for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.80} to fix our model parameters namely, the plane impenetrability and the fraction of superconducting charge carriers. We then calculate the isochoric and isobaric electronic specific heats for temperatures lower than T{sub c} of both, the composite-bosons and the unpaired fermions, which matches the latest experimental curves. From the latter, we extract the linear coefficient (γ{sub n}) at T{sub c}, as well as the quadratic (αT{sup 2}) term for low temperatures. We also calculate the lattice

  17. Superconducting thin films. (Latest citations from the EI Compendex*plus database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, fabrication, structures, and properties of superconducting thin films used in microelectronics and optoelectronics. References discuss high temperature superconductors, oxide superconductors, superconducting transition temperatures, critical current density, yttrium barium copper oxide thin films, and yttrium stabilized substrates. Superconducting devices, filters, resonators, and circuits are also reviewed. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  18. Impact of pseudogap on photoinduced superconducting phase transition in underdoped Bi2212

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toda, Y., E-mail: toda@eng.hokudai.ac.jp [Department of Applied Physics, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan); Mertelj, T.; Kusar, P. [Complex Matter Department, Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, Ljubljana SI-1000 (Slovenia); Kurosawa, T.; Oda, M.; Ido, M. [Department of Physics, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Mihailovic, D. [Complex Matter Department, Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, Ljubljana SI-1000 (Slovenia)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • QP dynamics of UD-Bi2212 in the photoinduced phase transition was investigated by pump-probe spectroscopy. • The pump fluence dependence of the QP dynamics shows a delay of the SC recovery. • The observed delay time is comparable to a recovery time of PG, suggesting a role of PG responsible for the SC formation. -- Abstract: We report nonequilibrium quasiparticle (QP) dynamics in underdoped Bi2212 crystals using ultrafast optical spectroscopy, which allows to analyze the dynamics associated with the superconducting (SC) and psuedogap (PG) QPs independently. In the saturation condition of the SC component, where the SC condensate is fully destroyed within the photoexcited volume, we found a delay of the SC state recovery associated with a transient normal state. The delay increases linearly with increasing the pump fluence. The QP dynamics also shows a contribution of the PG component, whose magnitude at the start of the SC state recovery was almost constant at various pump fluences, suggesting a critical level of PG order before the SC condensate can recover.

  19. Doping-induced change of optical properties in underdoped cuprate superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, H. L.; Quijada, M. A.; Zibold, A. M.; Yoon, Y.-D.; Tanner, D. B.; Cao, G.; Crow, J. E.; Berger, H.; Margaritondo, G.; Forró, L.; O, Beom-Hoan; Markert, J. T.; Kelly, R. J.; Onellion, M.

    1999-01-01

    We report on the ab-plane optical reflectance measurements of single crystals of Y-doped 0953-8984/11/1/020/img15 and Pr-doped 0953-8984/11/1/020/img16 over a wide frequency range from 80 to 0953-8984/11/1/020/img17 (10 meV-5 eV) and at temperatures between 20 and 300 K. Y and Pr doping both decrease the hole concentration in the 0953-8984/11/1/020/img18 planes. This has allowed us to investigate the evolution of ab-plane charge dynamics at doping levels ranging from heavily underdoped to nearly optimally doped. Our results of the low-frequency optical conductivity and spectral weight do not show any features associated with the normal-state pseudogap. Instead, one-component analysis for the optical conductivity shows the low-frequency depression in the scattering rate at 0953-8984/11/1/020/img19, signalling entry into the pseudogap state. Alternatively, no clear indications of the normal-state pseudogap are detected in the temperature-dependent zero-frequency free-carrier scattering rate by using two-component analysis. In the superconducting state, there is also no convincing evidence of superconducting gap absorption in all spectra. We find that there is a `universal correlation' between the numbers of carriers and the transition temperature. This correlation holds whether one considers the number of carriers in the superfluid or the total number of carriers.

  20. A universal order underlying the pseudogap regime of the underdoped high Tc cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Neil

    2014-03-01

    A major achievement in condensed matter physics in the last quarter century has been a step towards the understanding of the unconventional d-wave superconducting state in the copper-oxide materials. Surprisingly, the normal state out of which the superconducting state emerges remains a mystery at low charge carrier densities, i.e., in the underdoped regime. This regime is of particular interest because it is characterised by an unusual momentum dependent energy pseudogap in the excitation spectrum that has defied explanation and is key to a full understanding of the unconventional d-wave superconducting state. I will present new quantum oscillation experimental results within the pseudogap regime of the high Tc superconductors YBa2Cu3O6+x and YBa2Cu4O8 which now extend up to the optimally-doped regime. These data reveal the evolution of the Fermi surface approaching the putative quantum critical point under the superconducting dome. A comprehensive angle-resolved study of the Fermi surface enables us to unambiguously identify a specific form of order that accounts for the observed quantum oscillations as well as other spectroscopic, transport and thermodynamic probes within the pseudogap regime. The author would like to thank B. Ramshaw, S. Sebastian, F. Balakirev, C. Mielke, M. Altarawneh, P. Goddard, S. Sabok, B. Babrowski, D. Bonn, W. Hardy, R. Liang and G. Lonzarich. This work was supported by the DOE BES ``Science of 100 tesla'' project and by the NSF and Florida State.

  1. Magnetic field controlled charge density wave coupling in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, J.; Blackburn, E.; Ivashko, O.; Holmes, A. T.; Christensen, N. B.; Hücker, M.; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D. A.; Hardy, W. N.; Rütt, U.; Zimmermann, M. V.; Forgan, E. M.; Hayden, S. M.

    2016-05-01

    The application of magnetic fields to layered cuprates suppresses their high-temperature superconducting behaviour and reveals competing ground states. In widely studied underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO), the microscopic nature of field-induced electronic and structural changes at low temperatures remains unclear. Here we report an X-ray study of the high-field charge density wave (CDW) in YBCO. For hole dopings ~0.123, we find that a field (B~10 T) induces additional CDW correlations along the CuO chain (b-direction) only, leading to a three-dimensional (3D) ordered state along this direction at B~15 T. The CDW signal along the a-direction is also enhanced by field, but does not develop an additional pattern of correlations. Magnetic field modifies the coupling between the CuO2 bilayers in the YBCO structure, and causes the sudden appearance of the 3D CDW order. The mirror symmetry of individual bilayers is broken by the CDW at low and high fields, allowing Fermi surface reconstruction, as recently suggested.

  2. Electronic liquid crystal state in a strongly underdoped high-temperature superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hinkov, V.; Haug, D.; Lin, C.T.; Keimer, B. [MPI-FKF, Stuttgart (Germany); Fauque, B.; Sidis, Y.; Bourges, P. [LLB, Saclay (France); Ivanov, A. [ILL, Grenoble (France); Bernhard, C. [Univ. of Fribourg (Switzerland)

    2008-07-01

    Liquid crystals are states of matter without static crystalline order that break the rotational symmetry of free space while at least partially preserving its translational symmetry. Highly correlated electronic phases with symmetry properties analogous to those of conventional liquid crystals have been theoretically predicted (Kivelson et al., Nature 393, 550) and recently discovered in the layered bulk transition metal oxide Sr{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} (Borzi et al., Science 315, 214). In both cases, however, these phases are stable only at milli-Kelvin temperatures and in high magnetic fields, and have thus far only been probed by transport measurements. After briefly summarizing our work on YBCO{sub 6.6} (Hinkov et al., Nature Physics 3, 780), we report the spontaneous onset of a strong one-dimensional, incommensurate modulation of the spin system in the underdoped high-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45} upon cooling below 150 K, while muon-spin-relaxation experiments on the same sample demonstrate that static magnetic order is absent down to temperatures of at least 2 K. The symmetry properties of the spin system thus match those of a nematic liquid crystal over a wide temperature range. Soft spin fluctuations are thus a microscopic route towards the formation of electronic nematic phases, which can coexist with high-T{sub c} superconductivity.

  3. Thermodynamic properties of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x cuprates for several doping values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, P.; Solís, M. A.; Fortes, M.; Sevilla, F. J.

    2017-05-01

    We report the thermodynamic properties of cuprate superconductors YBa2Cu3O6+x, with x ranging from underdoped (x = 0.55) to optimally doped (x = 0.9) regions. We model cuprates as a boson-fermion gas mixture immersed in a layered structure, which is generated via a Dirac-comb potential applied in the perpendicular direction to the CuO2 planes, while the particles move freely in the other two directions. The optimal system parameters, namely, the planes’ impenetrability and the paired-fermion fraction, are obtained by minimizing the Helmholtz free energy in addition to fixing the critical temperature Tc to its experimental value. Using this optimized scheme, we calculate the entropy, the Helmholtz free energy and the specific heat as functions of temperature. Additionally, some fundamental properties of the electronic specific heat are obtained, such as the normal linear coefficient γ(Tc), the quadratic α term and the jump height at Tc. We reproduce the cubic βl term of the total specific heat for low temperatures. Also our multilayer model inherently brings with it the mass anisotropy observed in cuprate superconductors. Furthermore, we establish the doping value beyond which superconductivity is suppressed.

  4. Unusual Metallic Conductivity of Underdoped and Optimally Doped Cuprates: Evidence for Competing Fermi-Liquid and Pairing Pseudogap Effects

    OpenAIRE

    Dzhumanov, S.; Dushanov, E.

    2004-01-01

    We propose a possible scenario for the new metallic conductivity of underdoped and optimally doped cuprates. Charge carriers are assumed to be large polarons which form a Fermi-liquid and Cooper-like pairs below a crossover tempurature $T^{\\ast}$. We use the Boltzmann equation to calculate the conductivity of self-trapped carriers and the resistivity $\\rho$ as a function of temperature and doping for different cuprates. We show that various anomalies in $\\rho(T)$ below $T^{\\ast}$ are caused b...

  5. Electronic Phase Separation in the Slightly Underdoped Iron Pnictide Superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Park, J.T.; Inosov, D.S.; Niedermayer, C.

    2009-01-01

    Here we present a combined study of the slightly underdoped novel pnictide superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2 by means of x-ray powder diffraction, neutron scattering, muon-spin rotation (µSR), and magnetic force microscopy (MFM). Static antiferromagnetic order sets in below Tm70 K as inferred from......-state regions on a lateral scale of several tens of nanometers. Our findings indicate that such mesoscopic phase separation can be considered an intrinsic property of some iron pnictide superconductors....

  6. Progressive slowing down of spin fluctuations in underdoped LaFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_x$

    OpenAIRE

    Hammerath, F.; Gräfe, U; Kühne, H.; Kuhns, P. L.; Reyes, A. P.; Lang, G.; Wurmehl, S.; Büchner, B.; Carretta, P.; Grafe, H. -J.

    2013-01-01

    The evolution of low-energy spin dynamics in the iron-based superconductor LaFeAsO$_{1-x}$F$_x$ was studied over a broad doping, temperature, and magnetic field range (x = 0 - 0.15, T up to 480K, H up to 30T) by means of As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). An enhanced spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by temperature, 1/T1T, in underdoped superconducting samples (x = 0.045, 0.05 and 0.075) suggests the presence of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, which are strongly reduced in optimally...

  7. Pseudogap in normal underdoped phase of Bi2212: LDA + DMFT + Σk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nekrasov, I. A.; Kuchinskii, E. Z.; Pchelkina, Z. V.; Sadovskii, M. V.

    2007-09-01

    Pseudogap phenomena are observed for normal underdoped phase of different high- Tc cuprates. Among others Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O 8- δ (Bi2212) compound is one of the most studied experimentally [A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75 (2003) 473; J.C. Campuzano, M.R. Norman, M. Randeria, in: K.H. Bennemann, J.B. Ketterson (Eds.), Physics of Superconductors, vol. 2, Springer, Berlin, 2004, p. 167; J. Fink et al., cond-mat/0512307; X.J. Zhou et al., cond-mat/0604284]. To describe pseudogap regime in Bi2212, we employ novel generalized DMFT + Σk approach [E.Z. Kuchinskii, I.A. Nekrasov, M.V. Sadovskii, JETP Lett. 82 (2005) 198; M.V. Sadovskii et al., Phys. Rev. B 72 (2005) 155105, and these proceedings, doi:10.1016/j.physc.2007.03.367]. This approach gives possibility to preserve conventional dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) equations [A. Georges et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 68 (1996) 13] and include an additional (momentum dependent) self-energy Σk. In the present case, Σk describes non-local dynamical correlations induced by short-ranged collective Heisenberg-like antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations [M.V. Sadovskii, Physics-Uspekhi 44 (2001) 515, cond-mat/0408489]. The effective single impurity problem in the DMFT + Σk is solved by numerical renormalization group (NRG) [R. Bulla, A.C. Hewson, Th. Pruschke, J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 10 (1998) 8365; R. Bulla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (1999) 136]. To take into account material specific properties of two neighboring CuO 2 layers of Bi2212 we employ local density approximation (LDA) to calculate necessary model parameters, e.g. the values of intra- and interlayer hopping integrals between Cu-sites. Onsite Coulomb interaction U for x2- y2 orbital was calculated in constrained LDA method [O. Gunnarsson et al., Phys. Rev. B 39 (1989) 1708]. The value of pseudogap potential Δ was obtained within DMFT(NRG) [E.Z. Kuchinskii, I.A. Nekrasov, M.V. Sadovskii, JETP Lett. 82 (2005) 198; M.V. Sadovskii et al., Phys. Rev. B 72

  8. Pseudogap in normal underdoped phase of Bi2212: LDA + DMFT + {sigma}{sub k}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nekrasov, I.A. [Institute for Electrophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, Amundsen Str. 106, Ekaterinburg 620016 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: nekrasov@iep.uran.ru; Kuchinskii, E.Z. [Institute for Electrophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, Amundsen Str. 106, Ekaterinburg 620016 (Russian Federation); Pchelkina, Z.V. [Institute for Metal Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, S. Kovalevskoj 18, Ekaterinburg 620041 (Russian Federation); Sadovskii, M.V. [Institute for Electrophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, Amundsen Str. 106, Ekaterinburg 620016 (Russian Federation)

    2007-09-01

    Pseudogap phenomena are observed for normal underdoped phase of different high-T{sub c} cuprates. Among others Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} (Bi2212) compound is one of the most studied experimentally [A. Damascelli, Z. Hussain, Z.-X. Shen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75 (2003) 473; J.C. Campuzano, M.R. Norman, M. Randeria, in: K.H. Bennemann, J.B. Ketterson (Eds.), Physics of Superconductors, vol. 2, Springer, Berlin, 2004, p. 167; J. Fink et al., (cond-mat/0512307); X.J. Zhou et al., (cond-mat/0604284)]. To describe pseudogap regime in Bi2212, we employ novel generalized DMFT + {sigma}{sub k} approach [E.Z. Kuchinskii, I.A. Nekrasov, M.V. Sadovskii, JETP Lett. 82 (2005) 198; M.V. Sadovskii et al., Phys. Rev. B 72 (2005) 155105, and these proceedings, (doi:10.1016/j.physc.2007.03.367)]. This approach gives possibility to preserve conventional dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) equations [A. Georges et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 68 (1996) 13] and include an additional (momentum dependent) self-energy {sigma}{sub k}. In the present case, {sigma}{sub k} describes non-local dynamical correlations induced by short-ranged collective Heisenberg-like antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations [M.V. Sadovskii, Physics-Uspekhi 44 (2001) 515, (cond-mat/0408489)]. The effective single impurity problem in the DMFT + {sigma}{sub k} is solved by numerical renormalization group (NRG) [R. Bulla, A.C. Hewson, Th. Pruschke, J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 10 (1998) 8365; R. Bulla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (1999) 136]. To take into account material specific properties of two neighboring CuO{sub 2} layers of Bi2212 we employ local density approximation (LDA) to calculate necessary model parameters, e.g. the values of intra- and interlayer hopping integrals between Cu-sites. Onsite Coulomb interaction U for x{sup 2}-y{sup 2} orbital was calculated in constrained LDA method [O. Gunnarsson et al., Phys. Rev. B 39 (1989) 1708]. The value of pseudogap potential {delta} was obtained within DMFT(NRG) [E.Z. Kuchinskii

  9. Doping-induced change of optical properties in underdoped cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, H.L.; Quijada, M.A.; Zibold, A.M.; Yoon, Y.D.; Tanner, D.B. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Cao, G.; Crow, J.E. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 (United States); Berger, H.; Margaritondo, G. [Institute de Physique Appliquee, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, PHB Ecublens, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Forro, L. [Institute de Genie Atomique, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, PHB Ecublens, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Beom-Hoan, O.; Markert, J.T. [Department of Physics, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Kelly, R.J.; Onellion, M. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

    1999-01-11

    We report on the ab-plane optical reflectance measurements of single crystals of Y-doped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} and Pr-doped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} over a wide frequency range from 80 to 40 000 cm{sup -1} (10 meV - 5 eV) and at temperatures between 20 and 300 K. Y and Pr doping both decrease the hole concentration in the CuO{sub 2} planes. This has allowed us to investigate the evolution of ab-plane charge dynamics at doping levels ranging from heavily underdoped to nearly optimally doped. Our results of the low-frequency optical conductivity and spectral weight do not show any features associated with the normal-state pseudogap. Instead, one-component analysis for the optical conductivity shows the low-frequency depression in the scattering rate at T>T{sub c}, signalling entry into the pseudogap state. Alternatively, no clear indications of the normal-state pseudogap are detected in the temperature-dependent zero-frequency free-carrier scattering rate by using two-component analysis. In the superconducting state, there is also no convincing evidence of superconducting gap absorption in all spectra. We find that there is a 'universal correlation' between the numbers of carriers and the transition temperature. This correlation holds whether one considers the number of carriers in the superfluid or the total number of carriers. (author)

  10. Specific heat of underdoped cuprate superconductors from a phenomenological layered Boson-Fermion model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, P.; Fortes, M.; Solís, M. A.; Sevilla, F. J.

    2016-05-01

    We adapt the Boson-Fermion superconductivity model to include layered systems such as underdoped cuprate superconductors. These systems are represented by an infinite layered structure containing a mixture of paired and unpaired fermions. The former, which stand for the superconducting carriers, are considered as noninteracting zero spin composite-bosons with a linear energy-momentum dispersion relation in the CuO2 planes where superconduction is predominant, coexisting with the unpaired fermions in a pattern of stacked slabs. The inter-slab, penetrable, infinite planes are generated by a Dirac comb potential, while paired and unpaired electrons (or holes) are free to move parallel to the planes. Composite-bosons condense at a critical temperature at which they exhibit a jump in their specific heat. These two values are assumed to be equal to the superconducting critical temperature Tc and the specific heat jump reported for YBa2Cu3O6.80 to fix our model parameters namely, the plane impenetrability and the fraction of superconducting charge carriers. We then calculate the isochoric and isobaric electronic specific heats for temperatures lower than Tc of both, the composite-bosons and the unpaired fermions, which matches the latest experimental curves. From the latter, we extract the linear coefficient (γn) at Tc, as well as the quadratic (αT2) term for low temperatures. We also calculate the lattice specific heat from the ARPES phonon spectrum, and add it to the electronic part, reproducing the experimental total specific heat at and below Tc within a 5% error range, from which the cubic (ßT3) term for low temperatures is obtained. In addition, we show that this model reproduces the cuprates mass anisotropies.

  11. Screening of point charge impurities in highly anisotropic metals: application to mu+-spin relaxation in underdoped cuprate superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shekhter, Arkady; Shu, Lei; Aji, Vivek; MacLaughlin, D E; Varma, C M

    2008-11-28

    We calculate the screening charge density distribution due to a point charge, such as that of a positive muon (mu+), placed between the planes of a highly anisotropic layered metal. In underdoped hole cuprates the screening charge converts the charge density in the metallic-plane unit cells in the vicinity of the mu+ to nearly its value in the insulating state. The current-loop-ordered state observed by polarized neutron diffraction then vanishes in such cells, and also in nearby cells over a distance of order the intrinsic correlation length of the loop-ordered state. This strongly suppresses the magnetic field at the mu+ site. We estimate this suppressed field in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x and La2-xSrxCuO4, and find consistency with the observed approximately 0.2 G field in the former case and the observed upper bound of approximately 0.2 G in the latter case. This resolves the controversy between the neutron diffraction and mu-spin relaxation experiments.

  12. Magnetic-Field-Enhanced Incommensurate Magnetic Order in the Underdoped High-Temperature Superconductor YBa2Cu3O6.45

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haug, D.; Hinkov, V.; Suchaneck, A.

    2009-01-01

    We present a neutron-scattering study of the static and dynamic spin correlations in the underdoped high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O6.45 in magnetic fields up to 15 T. The field strongly enhances static incommensurate magnetic order at low temperatures and induces a spectral-weight shift...

  13. Crossover from spin waves to diffusive spin excitations in underdoped Ba(Fe1-xCox)2 As2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tucker, G S; Fernandes, R M; Pratt, D K; Thaler, A; Ni, N; Marty, K; Christianson, A D; Lumsden, M D; Sales, B C; Sefat, A S; Bud' ko, S L; Canfield, P C; Kreyssig, A; Goldman, A I; McQueeney, R J

    2014-05-01

    Using inelastic neutron scattering, we show that the onset of superconductivity in underdoped Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 coincides with a crossover from well-defined spin waves to overdamped and diffusive spin excitations. This crossover occurs despite the presence of long-range stripe antiferromagnetic order for samples in a compositional range from x=0.04 to 0.055, and is a consequence of the shrinking spin-density wave gap and a corresponding increase in the particle-hole (Landau) damping. The latter effect is captured by a simple itinerant model relating Co doping to changes in the hot spots of the Fermi surface. We argue that the overdamped spin fluctuations provide a pairing mechanism for superconductivity in these materials.

  14. In-Plane Electronic Anisotropy of Underdoped ___122___ Fe-Arsenide Superconductors Revealed by Measurements of Detwinned Single Crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fisher, Ian Randal

    2012-05-08

    The parent phases of the Fe-arsenide superconductors harbor an antiferromagnetic ground state. Significantly, the Neel transition is either preceded or accompanied by a structural transition that breaks the four fold symmetry of the high-temperature lattice. Borrowing language from the field of soft condensed matter physics, this broken discrete rotational symmetry is widely referred to as an Ising nematic phase transition. Understanding the origin of this effect is a key component of a complete theoretical description of the occurrence of superconductivity in this family of compounds, motivating both theoretical and experimental investigation of the nematic transition and the associated in-plane anisotropy. Here we review recent experimental progress in determining the intrinsic in-plane electronic anisotropy as revealed by resistivity, reflectivity and ARPES measurements of detwinned single crystals of underdoped Fe arsenide superconductors in the '122' family of compounds.

  15. De Haas-van Alphen Oscillations In Quasi-two-dimensional Underdoped Cuprate Superconductors In The Canonical Ensemble

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sebastian, S E [CAMBRIDGE UNIV.

    2008-01-01

    We calculate the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect waveform using the canonical ensemble for different Fermi surface scenarios applicable to the underdoped cuprate superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.5}, in which quantum oscillations have recently been observed. The harmonic content of the dHvA waveform of the principal F{sub {alpha}} {approx} 500 T frequency is consistent with the existence of a second thermodynamically dominant section of Fermi surface that acts primarily as a charge reservoir. Oscillations in the charge density to and from this reservoir are shown to potentially contribute to the observed large quantum oscillations in the Hall resistance.

  16. Alternative pseudogap scenario: Spectroscopic analogies between underdoped and disordered Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vobornik, I.; Berger, H.; Grioni, M.; Margaritondo, G.; Forró, L.; Rullier-Albenque, F.

    2000-05-01

    Disorder has a strong influence on the spectral properties of the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x high-Tc superconductor, both in the normal and in the superconducting state. High-resolution photoemission reveals a progressive quasiparticle suppression with increasing disorder in electron-irradiated optimally doped single crystals. The spectral line shapes of the disordered samples show striking analogies with those of underdoped samples specifically the widely discussed pseudogap at the chemical potential. Disorder provides therefore an alternative mechanism for spectral weight suppression near the Fermi surface, possibly coexisting and competing with other mechanisms. Since doping unavoidably introduces disorder, these results require a reconsideration of the relative importance of intrinsic effects vs disorder in high temperature superconductivity.

  17. Electronic phase separation in the slightly underdoped iron pnictide superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, J T; Inosov, D S; Niedermayer, Ch; Sun, G L; Haug, D; Christensen, N B; Dinnebier, R; Boris, A V; Drew, A J; Schulz, L; Shapoval, T; Wolff, U; Neu, V; Yang, Xiaoping; Lin, C T; Keimer, B; Hinkov, V

    2009-03-20

    Here we present a combined study of the slightly underdoped novel pnictide superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2 by means of x-ray powder diffraction, neutron scattering, muon-spin rotation (microSR), and magnetic force microscopy (MFM). Static antiferromagnetic order sets in below T{m} approximately 70 K as inferred from the neutron scattering and zero-field-microSR data. Transverse-field microSR below Tc shows a coexistence of magnetically ordered and nonmagnetic states, which is also confirmed by MFM imaging. We explain such coexistence by electronic phase separation into antiferromagnetic and superconducting- or normal-state regions on a lateral scale of several tens of nanometers. Our findings indicate that such mesoscopic phase separation can be considered an intrinsic property of some iron pnictide superconductors.

  18. Comparative infrared study of optimally doped and underdoped La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} single crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pignon, B; Gruener, G; Phuoc, V Ta; Gervais, F; Ammor, L [Laboratoire d' Electrodynamique des Materiaux Avances, UMR 6157 CNRS-CEA, Universite Francois Rabelais, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France); Marin, C [Departement de Recherche Fondamentale sur la Matiere Condensee, Service de Physique Statistique, Magnetisme et Supraconductivite, CEA-Grenoble, 17 Rue des Martyrs, 28054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2008-02-20

    The temperature dependence of the optical spectra of two La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} single crystals was investigated for both in-plane and out-of-plane directions. For the underdoped (x = 0.08) single crystal, the in-plane optical conductivity that was analysed by a generalized Drude formalism shows a suppression of the scattering rate 1/{tau}({omega}) and an increased effective mass m{sup *} as the temperature decreases at low frequencies. Since this behaviour can be explained by the pseudogap effect, it is concluded that the pseudogap is not present at the optimal doping (x = 0.15). This result is confirmed by the c-axis optical conductivity, which decreases only for the underdoped single crystal. The absence of the pseudogap at the optimal composition is in accord with the quantum critical point model and it can explain the phase diagram of high-temperature superconductors.

  19. Origin of the unusual strong suppression of low-frequency antiferromagnetic fluctuations in underdoped HgBa2CuO4+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei, Jia-Wei; Soluyanov, Alexey A.; Rice, T. M.

    2014-04-01

    Generally strong charge and magnetic inhomogeneities are observed in NQR/NMR experiments on underdoped cuprates. It is not the case for the underdoped HgBa2CuO4+δ, the most symmetric and highest Tc single layer cuprate, whose magnetic inhomogeneity is strongly suppressed. Also neutron scattering experiments reveal a unique pair of weakly dispersive magnetic modes in this material. We propose that these special properties stem from the symmetric positioning of the O dopants between adjacent CuO2 layers that lead to a strong superexchange interaction between a pair of hole spins. In this Rapid Communication we present a theoretical model, which gives a consistent explanation to the anomalous magnetic properties of this material.

  20. Suppression of the structural phase transition and lattice softening in slightly underdoped Ba1-xKxFe2As2 with electronic phase separation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Inosov, D.S.; Leineweber, A.; Yang, X.P.;

    2009-01-01

    We present x-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and neutron-diffraction measurements on the slightly underdoped iron-pnictide superconductor Ba1−xKxFe2As2, Tc=32 K. Below the magnetic-transition temperature Tm=70 K, both techniques show an additional broadening of the nuclear Bragg peaks, suggesting a...... the lattice softening, showing that it can account for a major part of the observed increase in the microstrain....

  1. In-plane anisotropy of the spin excitation spectrum in strongly underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haug, Daniel; Hinkov, Vladimir; Lin, Chengtian; Keimer, Bernhard [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany); Fauque, Benoit; Bourges, Philippe; Sidis, Yvan [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS Saclay (France); Ivanov, Alexandre [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France)

    2008-07-01

    The spin excitation spectrum of the optimally doped and moderately underdoped high-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} is dominated by the so-called resonance peak for excitation energies between 30 and 40 meV (depending on the oxygen content x) that sets in abruptly below T{sub c}. Here we report measurements on arrays of untwinned single crystals in the strongly underdoped regime in which the situation is very different: Spectral weight is shifted towards low energies and evolves smoothly through T{sub c}. The spectrum exhibits a peak below {proportional_to}10 meV which shows a spontaneous onset of a strong anisotropy in the a-b-plane defined by the CuO{sub 2} layers. This phenomenon matches the symmetry properties of a nematic liquid crystal, a new symmetry-broken electronic phase that coexists with high-temperature superconductivity in strongly underdoped cuprates.

  2. Zero-Magnetic-Field Phase-Decoherence Transition in Underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baity, Paul; Shi, Xiaoyan; Shi, Zhenzhong; Popović, Dragana

    2014-03-01

    The two key prerequisites for superconductivity are electron pairing and phase coherence of the pair wave-function. We present an electrical transport study on underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) films (x = 0 . 07 and 0 . 08) that suggests that, in zero magnetic field (H = 0), superconductivity is destroyed by thermal unbinding of vortex-antivortex phase fluctuations at a temperature TBKT. In particular, current-voltage (I - V) curves follow a power law V ~I α(T) with α(T) >= 3 for T <=TBKT . In addition, the contribution of the superconducting fluctuations to the conductivity, ΔσSCF(T , H = 0) , obtained by extrapolating the measured magnetoresistance from the normal state at high enough H and T, increases monotonically with decreasing T and diverges exponentially at TBKT. These results suggest that the H = 0 superconducting transition, where the Ohmic resistivity also vanishes, is due to the loss of phase coherence and manifests itself as a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. Our findings agree well with other experiments on LSCO with higher doping. Supported by NSF DMR-0905843, DMR-1307075, NHMFL via NSF DMR-1157490, and the State of Florida.

  3. Coexistence of localization and superconductivity in underdoped BSCCO: Are the Cooper pairs formed by spatially localized carriers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beschoten, B.; Güntherodt, G.; Quitmann, C.; Ma, Jian; Kelley, R. J.; Onellion, M.; Almeras, P.; Berger, H.; Margaritondo, H.

    1998-03-01

    In underdoped Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2Oy we relate changes in the electronic structure seen in angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) to changes in the electronic transport. The substitution of Pr for Ca or Co for Cu induces potential disorder leading to spatial localization of electronic states near the Fermi level for T>T_c. This indicates that Cooper pairs are formed by spatially localized electronic states. An anisotropic one-band model is given suggesting that localization seen in transport (ρ and μ(T)=R_H(T)/ρ(T)) for T>Tc can either be isotropic in k-space as for Co/Cu doping or anisotropic as for Pr/Ca doping. Spectroscopic evidence for this anisotropy is given by ARPES. Localization seen in ρ and μ, respectively, correlates with a supression of the band dispersion of electronic states along the symmetry directions in k-space from (0,0) to (0,π) and to (π,π). Supported by DFG/SFB 341, U.S. NSF.

  4. The electronic state of underdoped YBCO at high magnetic fields and low temperatures: evidence from quantum oscillatory phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonzarich, Gil

    2012-02-01

    Quantum oscillations in bulk and transport properties have been observed in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x via a range of techniques and by independent researchers in applied magnetic fields above 20T and temperatures below 10K. The consensus is that the oscillations are periodic in the reciprocal of the magnetic field and consist of a number of components with frequencies (fundamental or otherwise) of below 2kT, nearly an order of magnitude lower than that observed in the overdoped state of Tl2Ba2CuO6+x. Moreover, the temperature dependence of the amplitude of the strongest oscillatory components that can be measured accurately follows closely that expected for elementary excitations of fermionic character. I will discuss a model of the Fermi surface that can potentially account for each of the periodic components observed, and that appears to be consistent with a number of other known properties in the high-field low-temperature state.

  5. Magnetic polarization of Ir in underdoped nonsuperconducting Eu(Fe 0.94Ir0.06)2As2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, W. T.; Xiao, Y.; Su, Y.; Nandi, S.; Jiao, W. H.; Nisbet, G.; Demirdis, S.; Cao, G. H.; Brückel, Th.

    2016-01-01

    Using polarized neutron diffraction and x-ray resonant magnetic scattering (XRMS) techniques, multiple phase transitions were revealed in an underdoped, nonsuperconducting Eu (Fe1 -xIrx )2As2 (x =0.06 ) single crystal. Compared with the parent compound EuFe2As2 , the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural phase transition and the antiferromagnetic order of the Fe+2 moments are significantly suppressed to TS=111 (2 ) K and TN,Fe=85 (2 ) K by 6% Ir doping, respectively. In addition, the Eu+2 spins order within the a b plane in the A-type antiferromagnetic structure similar to the parent compound. However, the order temperature is evidently suppressed to TN,Eu=16.0 (5 ) K by Ir doping. Most strikingly, the XRMS measurements at the Ir L3 edge demonstrates that the Ir 5 d states are also magnetically polarized, with the same propagation vector as the magnetic order of Fe. With TN,Ir=12.0 (5 ) K, they feature a much lower onset temperature compared with TN,Fe. Our observation suggests that the magnetism of the Eu sublattice has a considerable effect on the magnetic nature of the 5 d Ir dopant atoms and there exists a possible interplay between the localized Eu+2 moments and the conduction d electrons on the FeAs layers.

  6. Thermodynamic signature of a magnetic-field-driven phase transition within the superconducting state of an underdoped cuprate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemper, J. B.; Vafek, O.; Betts, J. B.; Balakirev, F. F.; Hardy, W. N.; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D. A.; Boebinger, G. S.

    2016-01-01

    More than a quarter century after the discovery of the high-temperature superconductor (HTS) YBa2Cu3O6+δ (YBCO; ref. ), studies continue to uncover complexity in its phase diagram. In addition to HTS and the pseudogap, there is growing evidence for multiple phases with boundaries which are functions of temperature (T), doping (p) and magnetic field. Here we report the low-temperature electronic specific heat (Celec) of YBa2Cu3O6.43 and YBa2Cu3O6.47 (p = 0.076 and 0.084) up to a magnetic field (H) of 34.5 T, a poorly understood region of the underdoped H-T-p phase space. We observe two regimes in the low-temperature limit: below a characteristic magnetic field H' ~ 12-15 T, Celec/T obeys an expected H1/2 behaviour; however, near H' there is a sharp inflection followed by a linear-in-H behaviour. H' rests deep within the superconducting phase and, thus, the linear-in-H behaviour is observed in the zero-resistance regime. In the limit of zero temperature, Celec/T is proportional to the zero-energy electronic density of states. At one of our dopings, the inflection is sharp only at lowest temperatures, and we thus conclude that this inflection is evidence of a magnetic-field-driven quantum phase transition.

  7. Raman-scattering measurements and theory of the energy-momentum spectrum for underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCuO(8+δ) superconductors: evidence of an s-wave structure for the pseudogap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakai, S; Blanc, S; Civelli, M; Gallais, Y; Cazayous, M; Méasson, M-A; Wen, J S; Xu, Z J; Gu, G D; Sangiovanni, G; Motome, Y; Held, K; Sacuto, A; Georges, A; Imada, M

    2013-09-06

    We reveal the full energy-momentum structure of the pseudogap of underdoped high-Tc cuprate superconductors. Our combined theoretical and experimental analysis explains the spectral-weight suppression observed in the B2g Raman response at finite energies in terms of a pseudogap appearing in the single-electron excitation spectra above the Fermi level in the nodal direction of momentum space. This result suggests an s-wave pseudogap (which never closes in the energy-momentum space), distinct from the d-wave superconducting gap. Recent tunneling and photoemission experiments on underdoped cuprates also find a natural explanation within the s-wave pseudogap scenario.

  8. Competition between superconductivity and magnetic/nematic order as a source of anisotropic superconducting gap in underdoped Ba1-xKxFe2As2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, H [Ames Laboratory; Tanatar, M A [Ames Laboratory; Straszheim, W E [Ames Laboratory; Cho, K [Ames Laboratory; Murphy, J [Iowa State University; Spyrison, N [Iowa State University; Reid, J -Ph [Universite de Sherbrooke; Shen, Bing [Nanjing University; Wen, Hai-Hu [Nanjing University; Fernandes, R M [University of Minnesota; Prozorov, R [Ames Laboratory

    2014-07-01

    The in-plane London penetration depth Δλ(T) was measured using a tunnel diode resonator technique in single crystals of Ba1-xKxFe2As2 with doping levels x ranging from heavily underdoped, x=0.16 (Tc=7K), to nearly optimally doped, x=0.34 (Tc=39K). Exponential saturation of Δλ(T) in the T→0 limit is found in optimally doped samples, with the superfluid density ρs(T)≡[λ(0)/λ(T)]2 quantitatively described by a self-consistent γ model with two nodeless isotropic superconducting gaps. As the doping level is decreased towards the extreme end of the superconducting dome at x=0.16, the low-temperature behavior of Δλ(T) becomes nonexponential and is best described by the power law Δλ(T)∝T2, characteristic of strongly anisotropic gaps. The change between the two regimes happens within the range of coexisting magnetic/nematic order and superconductivity, x<0.25, and is accompanied by a rapid rise in the absolute value of Δλ(T) with underdoping. This effect, characteristic of the competition between superconductivity and other ordered states, is very similar to but of significantly smaller magnitude than what is observed in the electron-doped Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 compounds. Our study suggests that the competition between superconductivity and magnetic/nematic order in hole-doped compounds is weaker than in electron-doped compounds, and that the anisotropy of the superconducting state in the underdoped iron pnictides is a consequence of the anisotropic changes in the pairing interaction and in the gap function promoted by both magnetic and nematic long-range orders.

  9. Two-dimensional Vortex Behavior in Highly Underdoped YBa2Cu3O6 x Observed by Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guikema, J.W.

    2010-02-22

    We report scanning Hall probe microscopy of highly underdoped superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} with T{sub c} ranging from 5 to 15 K which showed distinct flux bundles with less than one superconducting flux quantum ({Iota}{sub 0}) through the sample surface. The sub-{Iota}{sub 0} features occurred more frequently for lower T{sub c}, were more mobile than conventional vortices, and occurred more readily when the sample was cooled with an in-plane field component. We show that these features are consistent with kinked stacks of pancake vortices.

  10. Neutron-Scattering Evidence for a Periodically Modulated Superconducting Phase in the Underdoped Cuprate La1.905Ba0.095CuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zhijun; Stock, C.; Chi, Songxue; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Xu, Guangyong; Gu, Genda; Tranquada, J. M.

    2014-10-01

    The role of antiferromagnetic spin correlations in high-temperature superconductors remains a matter of debate. We present inelastic neutron-scattering evidence that gapless spin fluctuations coexist with superconductivity in La1.905Ba0.095CuO4. Furthermore, we observe that both the low-energy magnetic spectral weight and the spin incommensurability are enhanced with the onset of superconducting correlations. We propose that the coexistence occurs through intertwining of spatial modulations of the pair wave function and the antiferromagnetic correlations. This proposal is also directly relevant to sufficiently underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 and YBa2Cu3O6+x.

  11. PHONON-EXCITON MECHANISM IN YBa2Cu3O7-δ SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhenji; Li Fengyue

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, based on the phonon-exciton mechanism, the superconductivity of yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) system is explained. The transition temperature (Tc) 's formula is derived by the extended BCS-Eliashberg theory, i.e. phonon-exciton mechanism and McMillan's energy gap function, and the Tc's expressions isreduced by using the Einstein spectrum. Last, the calculating method of element metal effective phonon spectrum is used to the high Tc cuprate YBCO system by using a crystal average atom approximation model. The theoretical analysis and calculational results show that the superconductivity of high Tc YBCO system maybe described by phonon-exciton model.

  12. Observation of the nonlinear meissner effect in YBCO thin films: evidence for a D-wave order parameter in the bulk of the cuprate superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oates, D E; Park, S-H; Koren, G

    2004-11-05

    We present experimental evidence for the observation of the nonlinear Meissner effect in high-quality epitaxial yttrium barium copper oxide thin films by measuring their intermodulation distortion at microwave frequencies versus temperature. Most of the films measured show a characteristic increase in nonlinearity at low temperatures as predicted by the nonlinear Meissner effect. We could measure the nonlinear Meissner effect because intermodulation distortion measurements are an extremely sensitive method that can detect changes in the penetration depth of the order of 1 part in 10(5).

  13. The microscopic structure of charge density waves in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.54 revealed by X-ray diffraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgan, E. M.; Blackburn, E.; Holmes, A. T.; Briffa, A. K. R.; Chang, J.; Bouchenoire, L.; Brown, S. D.; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D.; Hardy, W. N.; Christensen, N. B.; Zimmermann, M. V.; Hücker, M.; Hayden, S. M.

    2015-12-01

    Charge density wave (CDW) order appears throughout the underdoped high-temperature cuprate superconductors, but the underlying symmetry breaking and the origin of the CDW remain unclear. We use X-ray diffraction to determine the microscopic structure of the CDWs in an archetypical cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.54 at its superconducting transition temperature ~60 K. We find that the CDWs in this material break the mirror symmetry of the CuO2 bilayers. The ionic displacements in the CDWs have two components, which are perpendicular and parallel to the CuO2 planes, and are out of phase with each other. The planar oxygen atoms have the largest displacements, perpendicular to the CuO2 planes. Our results allow many electronic properties of the underdoped cuprates to be understood. For instance, the CDWs will lead to local variations in the electronic structure, giving an explicit explanation of density-wave states with broken symmetry observed in scanning tunnelling microscopy and soft X-ray measurements.

  14. Thermodynamic properties of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x cuprates for doping values x ∈ (0 . 5 , 0 . 9)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, P.; Solis, M. A.; Fortes, M.

    We extend the Boson-Fermion superconductivity model to include layered systems, such as underdoped cuprate superconductors YBa2Cu3O6+x, with x ∈ (0 . 5 , 0 . 9) ranging from underdoped to optimally doped. We model cuprates as a boson-fermion quantum gas mixture immersed in a layered structure, generated via a Dirac comb potential applied in one direction while the particles move freely in the other two directions. The optimum parameters of the system, which are the impenetrability of the planes and the paired fermion fraction, are obtained by minimizing the Helmholtz free energy and setting the experimental critical temperature Tc. Using this optimized scheme, we are able to predict the following thermodynamic properties of cuprates as a function of temperature: the entropy; the Helmholtz free energy; the electronic specific heat and the total specific heat for different doping values. Furthermore, we determinate the behavior of the jump height in the electronic specific heat, the normal electronic specific heat coefficient γ (Tc) , the quadratic α and cubic β terms of the specific heat for low temperatures, the ground state energy and the mass anisotropy as a function of doping. Comparison to experimental values reported is analyzed. We aknowledge the support from Grants UNAM-DGAPA-PAPIIT IN-111613 and CONACYT 221030, Mexico.

  15. Magnetoresistance in underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}: implications for unusual normal state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lavrov, A.N.; Ando, Yoichi; Segawa, Kouji; Takeya, J. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-07-01

    The striking properties of high-T{sub c} cuprates are likely caused by the interplay of their electron and magnetic subsystems, which makes the magnetic field to be a special tool in elucidating their nature. We have measured the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetoresistance (MR) on heavily underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}. The c-axis MR demonstrates a sharp increase at the Neel temperature while the in-plane MR is small and smooth through T{sub N}, which points to the essential role of the spin fluctuations only in the interplane transport. We have found also a low-field negative MR emerging for both the in-plane and c-axis transport in antiferromagnetic YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}. The latter feature can be well understood only assuming doped holes to be segregated into stripes at these heavily underdoped compositions. (author)

  16. Spectroscopic Fingerprint of Phase-Incoherent Superconductivity in the Underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J.; Davis, J.; Fujita, K.; Schmidt, A.R.; Kim, C.K.; Eisaki, H.; Uchida, S.

    2009-08-28

    A possible explanation for the existence of the cuprate 'pseudogap' state is that it is a d-wave superconductor without quantum phase rigidity. Transport and thermodynamic studies provide compelling evidence that supports this proposal, but few spectroscopic explorations of it have been made. One spectroscopic signature of d-wave superconductivity is the particle-hole symmetric 'octet' of dispersive Bogoliubov quasiparticle interference modulations. Here we report on this octet's evolution from low temperatures to well into the underdoped pseudogap regime. No pronounced changes occur in the octet phenomenology at the superconductor's critical temperature T{sub c}, and it survives up to at least temperature T {approx} 1.5 T{sub c}. In this pseudogap regime, we observe the detailed phenomenology that was theoretically predicted for quasiparticle interference in a phase-incoherent d-wave superconductor. Thus, our results not only provide spectroscopic evidence to confirm and extend the transport and thermodynamics studies, but they also open the way for spectroscopic explorations of phase fluctuation rates, their effects on the Fermi arc, and the fundamental source of the phase fluctuations that suppress superconductivity in underdoped cuprates.

  17. Incommensurate spin ordering and fluctuations in underdoped La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunsiger, Sarah [Physics Department E21, Technical University of Munich, Garching (Germany); Zhao, Yang; Gaulin, Bruce; Dabkowska, Hanna [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON (Canada); Yamani, Zahra; Buyers, William [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre, NRC, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, ON (Canada); Qiu, Yiming; Copley, John [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland (United States); Sidis, Yvan; Bourges, Philippe [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2008-07-01

    The diverse magnetic properties of the La{sub 2-x}(Sr,Ba){sub x}CuO{sub 4} transition metal oxides may be tuned in a controllable way by doping with mobile holes. In one interpretation, the holes are believed to organise into correlated static or dynamic stripes. We report the first observation of static incommensurate spin ordering in underdoped La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4} (x=0.025, 0.05, 0.08) using neutron diffraction. Elastic collinear incommensurate peaks are observed below the superconducting transition (T{sub C}{proportional_to}27 K) in La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4} (x=0.08). In marked contrast, diagonal satellite peaks have been observed at low temperature in positions rotated by 45 {sup circle} within the (HK0) plane for La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4} (x{proportional_to}0.025, 0.05). Our neutron scattering results are compared with analogous studies on La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} which indicate that such a rotation of the spin structure may be a generic feature of the underdoped La-214 cuprates.

  18. The microscopic structure of charge density waves in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.54 revealed by X-ray diffraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgan, E M; Blackburn, E; Holmes, A T; Briffa, A K R; Chang, J; Bouchenoire, L; Brown, S D; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D; Hardy, W N; Christensen, N B; Zimmermann, M V; Hücker, M; Hayden, S M

    2015-12-09

    Charge density wave (CDW) order appears throughout the underdoped high-temperature cuprate superconductors, but the underlying symmetry breaking and the origin of the CDW remain unclear. We use X-ray diffraction to determine the microscopic structure of the CDWs in an archetypical cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.54 at its superconducting transition temperature ∼ 60 K. We find that the CDWs in this material break the mirror symmetry of the CuO2 bilayers. The ionic displacements in the CDWs have two components, which are perpendicular and parallel to the CuO2 planes, and are out of phase with each other. The planar oxygen atoms have the largest displacements, perpendicular to the CuO2 planes. Our results allow many electronic properties of the underdoped cuprates to be understood. For instance, the CDWs will lead to local variations in the electronic structure, giving an explicit explanation of density-wave states with broken symmetry observed in scanning tunnelling microscopy and soft X-ray measurements.

  19. Unconventional High-Energy-State Contribution to the Cooper Pairing in the Underdoped Copper-Oxide Superconductor HgBa_{2}Ca_{2}Cu_{3}O_{8+δ}.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loret, B; Sakai, S; Gallais, Y; Cazayous, M; Méasson, M-A; Forget, A; Colson, D; Civelli, M; Sacuto, A

    2016-05-13

    We study the temperature-dependent electronic B_{1g} Raman response of a slightly underdoped single crystal HgBa_{2}Ca_{2}Cu_{3}O_{8+δ} with a superconducting critical temperature T_{c}=122  K. Our main finding is that the superconducting pair-breaking peak is associated with a dip on its higher-energy side, disappearing together at T_{c}. This result reveals a key aspect of the unconventional pairing mechanism: spectral weight lost in the dip is transferred to the pair-breaking peak at lower energies. This conclusion is supported by cellular dynamical mean-field theory on the Hubbard model, which is able to reproduce all the main features of the B_{1g} Raman response and explain the peak-dip behavior in terms of a nontrivial relationship between the superconducting gap and the pseudogap.

  20. Unconventional High-Energy-State Contribution to the Cooper Pairing in the Underdoped Copper-Oxide Superconductor HgBa2 Ca2 Cu3 O8 +δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loret, B.; Sakai, S.; Gallais, Y.; Cazayous, M.; Méasson, M.-A.; Forget, A.; Colson, D.; Civelli, M.; Sacuto, A.

    2016-05-01

    We study the temperature-dependent electronic B1 g Raman response of a slightly underdoped single crystal HgBa2 Ca2 Cu3 O8 +δ with a superconducting critical temperature Tc=122 K . Our main finding is that the superconducting pair-breaking peak is associated with a dip on its higher-energy side, disappearing together at Tc. This result reveals a key aspect of the unconventional pairing mechanism: spectral weight lost in the dip is transferred to the pair-breaking peak at lower energies. This conclusion is supported by cellular dynamical mean-field theory on the Hubbard model, which is able to reproduce all the main features of the B1 g Raman response and explain the peak-dip behavior in terms of a nontrivial relationship between the superconducting gap and the pseudogap.

  1. Correlation between superfluid density and T(C) of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x near the superconductor-insulator transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuev, Yuri; Kim, Mun Seog; Lemberger, Thomas R

    2005-09-23

    We report measurements of the ab-plane superfluid density n(s) (magnetic penetration depth lambda) of heavily underdoped films of YBa2Cu3O6+x, with T(C)'s from 6 to 50 K. We find the characteristic length for vortex unbinding transition equal to the film thickness, suggesting strongly coupled CuO2 layers. At the lowest dopings, T(C) is as much as 5 times larger than the upper limit set by the 2D Kosterlitz-Thouless-Berezinskii transition temperature calculated for individual CuO2 bilayers. Our main finding is that T(C) is not proportional to n(s)(0); instead, we find T(C) proportional to ns(1/2.3+/-0.4). This conflicts with a popular point of view that quasi-2D thermal phase fluctuations determine the transition temperature.

  2. Oxygen-isotope effect on the In-plane penetration depth in underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofer; Conder; Sasagawa; Zhao; Willemin; Keller; Kishio

    2000-05-01

    We report measurements of the oxygen-isotope effect (OIE) on the in-plane penetration depth lambda(ab)(0) in underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 single crystals. A highly sensitive magnetic torque sensor with a resolution of Deltatau approximately 10(-12) N m was used for the magnetic measurements on microcrystals with a mass of approximately 10 &mgr;g. The OIE on lambda(-2)(ab)(0) is found to be -10(2)% for x = 0.080 and -8(1)% for x = 0.086. It arises mainly from the oxygen-mass dependence of the in-plane effective mass m(*)(ab). The present results suggest that lattice vibrations are important for the occurrence of high temperature superconductivity.

  3. Neutron Scattering Study of Low Energy Magnetic Excitation in superconducting Te-vapor annealed under-doped FeTeSe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zhijun; Yi, Ming; Xu, Guangyong; Shneeloch, J. A.; Matsuda, Masaaki; Chi, Songxue; Gu, Genda; Tranquada, J. M.; Birgeneau, R. J.

    To study the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity, we have performed neutron scattering and magnetization measurements on a Te vapor annealed single crystal Fe1 +yTe0.8Se0.2 (Tc~13K) sample. Te vapor annealed process is found to reduce/remove the excess Fe in the as-grown sample and make the under-doped originally non-superconducting sample become good superconducting sample. Our neutron scattering studies show both spin gap and spin resonance found in the Te vapor annealed superconducting sample. Comparing to commensurate spin resonance in as-grown optimal-doped sample, the spin resonance of Te annealed sample only shows up at the clearly incommensurate positions. The temperature and energy dependence of low energy magnetic excitations are also measured in the sample. This work is supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, DOE.

  4. Spin Susceptibility of Underdoped Cuprates: Insight from Stripe-Ordered La1.875Ba0.125CuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hücker, Markus; Gu, Gen D.; Tranquada, John M.

    2008-03-01

    The low-temperature decrease of the bulk magnetic susceptibility in underdoped high-temperature superconductors has commonly been cited as evidence for a pseudogap; however, the interpretations range from a Fermi-liquid perspective, with the susceptibility being proportional to the density of free carriers, to strong coupling pictures, with the susceptibility resulting from antiferromagnetic correlations among local moments. Analysis of the susceptibility of a particular cuprate, the stripe ordered La1.875Ba0.125CuO4, sheds new light on this remarkable system and puts tight constraints on possible interpretations. The recently discovered magnetic transition in high magnetic fields will also be discussed.[1] M. Hücker, G. D. Gu, J. M. Tranquada, cond- mat/0503417v2.[2] Q. Li, M. Hücker, G. D. Gu, A. M. Tsvelik, J. M. Tranquada, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 067001 (2007).

  5. The microscopic structure of charge density waves in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.54 revealed by X-ray diffraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forgan, E.M.; Blackburn, E.; Holmes, A.T.;

    2015-01-01

    Charge density wave (CDW) order appears throughout the underdoped high-temperature cuprate superconductors, but the underlying symmetry breaking and the origin of the CDW remain unclear. We use X-ray diffraction to determine the microscopic structure of the CDWs in an archetypical cuprate YBa2Cu3O6...... with broken symmetry observed in scanning tunnelling microscopy and soft X-ray measurements........54 at its superconducting transition temperature ∼60 K. We find that the CDWs in this material break the mirror symmetry of the CuO2 bilayers. The ionic displacements in the CDWs have two components, which are perpendicular and parallel to the CuO2 planes, and are out of phase with each other. The planar...

  6. Terahertz conductivity in the under-doped Pb1-ySr2Y1-xCaxCu2+yO7+δ epitaxial film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzawa, Akira; Komori, Sachio; Kamei, Yuta; Kakeya, Itsuhiro

    2016-11-01

    We measured the complex conductivity at the frequencies from 0.2 THz to 1.0 THz in the under-doped Pb1-ySr2Y1-xCaxCu2+yO7+δ (Pb1212) epitaxial film with terahertz time-domain specteroscopy. By analyzing temperature and frequency dependence of the complex conductivity, we found that the superconducting fluctuation persists up to 12 K above Tc, onset. Compared with previous reports, the superconducting fluctuation in Pb1212 is observed shorter temperature range than Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ and La2-xSrxCuO4. This is ascribed to the lower anisotropy of Pb1212.

  7. Enhancement of the incommensurate magnetic order by an applied magnetic field in underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haug, Daniel; Hinkov, Vladimir; Suchaneck, Anton; Inosov, Dmytro; Park, Ji Tae; Lin, Chengtian; Keimer, Bernhard [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany); Christensen, Niels; Niedermayer, Christof; Mesot, Joel [Paul-Scherrer-Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Bourges, Philippe; Sidis, Yvan [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS, Saclay (France); Ivanov, Alexandre [Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France)

    2009-07-01

    The discovery of quantum oscillations in the high-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.5} above its critical magnetic field showed that the concepts of Fermi liquid theory are applicable to the strongly correlated electron system in the underdoped cuprates. However, the observation of small electron pockets in these experiments puts a new question as such pockets are incompatible with band structure calculations and the Fermi surface topology found in angle-resolved photoemission at zero magnetic field. Our recent neutron scattering experiments on YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45} reveal an enhancement of the static incommensurate magnetic signal at low temperatures when applying an external magnetic field. This field-enhanced magnetic order may lead to a Fermi surface reconstruction and thus provide a natural explanation for the unexpected Fermi surface topology observed in the quantum oscillation experiments at high magnetic fields.

  8. Suppression of the Structural Phase Transition and Lattice Softening in Slightly Underdoped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 with Electronic Phase Separation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inosov, D.; Leineweber, A; Yang, X; Park, J; Christensen, N; Dinnebier, R; Sun, G; Niedermayer, C; Haug, H; et. al.

    2009-01-01

    We present x-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and neutron-diffraction measurements on the slightly underdoped iron-pnictide superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2, Tc=32 K. Below the magnetic-transition temperature Tm=70 K, both techniques show an additional broadening of the nuclear Bragg peaks, suggesting a weak structural phase transition. However, macroscopically the system does not break its tetragonal symmetry down to 15 K. Instead, XRPD patterns at low temperature reveal an increase in the anisotropic microstrain proportionally in all directions. We associate this effect with the electronic phase separation previously observed in the same material and with the effect of lattice softening below the magnetic phase transition. We employ density-functional theory to evaluate the distribution of atomic positions in the presence of dopant atoms both in the normal and magnetic states and to quantify the lattice softening, showing that it can account for a major part of the observed increase in the microstrain.

  9. Angle-resolved photoemission with circularly polarized light in the nodal mirror plane of underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Junfeng; Mion, Thomas R.; Gao, Shang; Myers, Gavin T.; Arita, Masashi; Shimada, Kenya; Gu, G. D.; He, Rui-Hua

    2016-10-01

    Unraveling the nature of pseudogap phase in high-temperature superconductors holds the key to understanding their superconducting mechanisms and potentially broadening their applications via enhancement of their superconducting transition temperatures. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using circularly polarized light have been proposed to detect possible symmetry breaking state in the pseudogap phase of cuprates. The presence (absence) of an electronic order which breaks mirror symmetry of the crystal would in principle induce a finite (zero) circular dichroism in photoemission. Different orders breaking reflection symmetries about different mirror planes can also be distinguished by the momentum dependence of the measured circular dichroism. Here, we report ARPES experiment on an underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (Bi2212) superconductor in the Γ (0,0)-Y (π,π) nodal mirror plane using circularly polarized light. No circular dichroism is observed on the level of ˜2% at low temperature, which places a clear constraint on the forms of possible symmetry breaking orders in this sample. Meanwhile, we find that the geometric dichroism remains substantial very close to its perfect extinction such that a very small sample angular offset is sufficient to induce a sizeable dichroic signal. It highlights the importance to establish a perfect extinction of geometric dichroism as a prerequisite for the identification of any intrinsic circular dichroism in this material.

  10. Magnetic field controlled charge density wave coupling in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, J.; Blackburn, E.; Ivashko, O.;

    2016-01-01

    The application of magnetic fields to layered cuprates suppresses their high-temperature superconducting behaviour and reveals competing ground states. In widely studied underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO), the microscopic nature of field-induced electronic and structural changes at low temperatures...... remains unclear. Here we report an X-ray study of the high-field charge density wave (CDW) in YBCO. For hole dopings ∼ 0.123, we find that a field (B∼10 T) induces additional CDW correlations along the CuO chain (b-direction) only, leading to a three-dimensional (3D) ordered state along this direction...... at B∼15 T. The CDW signal along the a-direction is also enhanced by field, but does not develop an additional pattern of correlations. Magnetic field modifies the coupling between the CuO2 bilayers in the YBCO structure, and causes the sudden appearance of the 3D CDW order. The mirror symmetry...

  11. Antiferromagnetic, metal-insulator, and superconducting phase transitions in underdoped cuprates: Slave-fermion t-J model in the hopping expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Akihiro; Aoki, Koji; Sakakibara, Kazuhiko; Ichinose, Ikuo; Matsui, Tetsuo

    2011-02-01

    We study a system of doped antiferromagnet in three dimensions at finite temperatures using the t-J model, a canonical model of strongly correlated electrons. We employ the slave-fermion representation of electrons, in which an electron is described as a composite of a charged spinless holon and a chargeless spinon. We introduce two kinds of U(1) gauge fields on links as auxiliary fields, one describing resonating valence bonds of antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor spin pairs and the other for nearest-neighbor hopping amplitudes of holons and spinons in the ferromagnetic channel. To perform a numerical study of the system, we integrate out the fermionic holon field by using the hopping expansion in powers of the hopping amplitude, which is legitimate for the region in and near the insulating phase. The resultant effective model is described in terms of bosonic spinons, two U(1) gauge fields, and a collective field for hole pairs. We study this model by means of Monte Carlo simulations, calculating the specific heat, spin correlation functions, and instanton densities. We obtain a phase diagram in the hole concentration-temperature plane, which is in good agreement with that observed recently for clean and homogeneous underdoped samples.

  12. Dynamic competition between spin-density wave order and superconductivity in underdoped Ba(1-x)K(x)Fe2As2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, M; Zhang, Y; Liu, Z-K; Ding, X; Chu, J-H; Kemper, A F; Plonka, N; Moritz, B; Hashimoto, M; Mo, S-K; Hussain, Z; Devereaux, T P; Fisher, I R; Wen, H H; Shen, Z-X; Lu, D H

    2014-04-25

    An intriguing aspect of unconventional superconductivity is that it always appears in the vicinity of other competing phases, whose suppression brings the full emergence of superconductivity. In the iron pnictides, these competing phases are marked by a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition and a collinear spin-density wave (SDW) transition. There has been macroscopic evidence for competition between these phases and superconductivity as the magnitude of both the orthorhombicity and magnetic moment are suppressed in the superconducting state. Here, using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on detwinned underdoped Ba(1-x)K(x)Fe2As2, we observe a coexistence of both the SDW gap and superconducting gap in the same electronic structure. Furthermore, our data reveal that following the onset of superconductivity, the SDW gap decreases in magnitude and shifts in a direction consistent with a reduction of the orbital anisotropy. This observation provides direct spectroscopic evidence for the dynamic competition between superconductivity and both SDW and electronic nematic orders in these materials.

  13. Peculiar oxygen and copper isotope effects on the pseudogap formation temperature in underdoped to overdoped cuprates: Pseudogap induced by pairing correlations above Tc in cuprates with large and small Fermi surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzhumanov, S.; Khudayberdiev, Z. S.; Djumanov, Sh. S.

    2015-05-01

    We investigate the pseudogap (PG) state and the peculiar oxygen and copper isotope effects on the PG onset temperature T* in cuprate superconductors with large and small Fermi surfaces within the polaron model and two different BCS-based approaches extended to the intermediate coupling regime. We argue that the unconventional electron-phonon interactions are responsible for the polaron formation and BCS-like pairing correlations above Tc in underdoped to overdoped cuprates, which are exotic (non-BCS) superconductors. Using the generalized BCS-like theory, we calculate pseudogap formation temperatures T*, isotope shifts ΔT*, oxygen and copper isotope exponents (i.e. αT*O and αT*Cu) and show that isotope effects on T* strongly depend on strengths of Coulomb and electron-phonon interactions, doping levels and dielectric constants of the cuprates. This theory explains the existence of small positive or sign reversed oxygen isotope effect, sizable and very large negative oxygen and copper isotope effects on T* in cuprates with large Fermi surfaces. Further, we use another version of the extended BCS-like model to study the PG formation and the peculiar isotope effects on T* in deeply underdoped cuprates with small Fermi surfaces and predict the existence of small and sizable negative oxygen and copper isotope effects on T* in such underdoped cuprates. The results for T*, isotope shifts ΔT* and exponents (αT*O and αT*Cu) in different classes of high-Tc cuprates are in good agreement with the existing well-established experimental data and explain the controversy between various experiments on isotope effects for T* in the cuprates.

  14. LETTER TO THE EDITOR: The oxygen-isotope effect on the in-plane penetration depth in underdoped Y1-x Prx Ba2 Cu3 O7-δ as revealed by muon-spin rotation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khasanov, R.; Shengelaya, A.; Conder, K.; Morenzoni, E.; Savic, I. M.; Keller, H.

    2003-01-01

    The oxygen-isotope (16O/18O) effect (OIE) on the in-plane penetration depth lambdaab (0) in underdoped Y1-x Prx Ba2 Cu3 O7-delta was studied by means of muon-spin rotation. A pronounced OIE on lambdaab-2 (0) was observed with a relative isotope shift of Deltalambdaab-2 /lambda ab-2 = -5(2)% for x = 0.3 and -9(2)% for x = 0.4. The OIE exponents of Tc and of lambdaab-2 (0) exhibit a relation that appears to be generic for cuprate superconductors.

  15. Reconciliation of local and long-range tilt correlations in underdoped La2-xBaxCuO4 (0 ≤x ≤0.155 )

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozin, Emil S.; Zhong, Ruidan; Knox, Kevin R.; Gu, Genda; Hill, John P.; Tranquada, John M.; Billinge, Simon J. L.

    2015-02-01

    A long-standing puzzle regarding the disparity of local and long-range CuO6 octahedral tilt correlations in the underdoped regime of La2-xBaxCuO4 is addressed by utilizing complementary neutron powder diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) approaches. This system is of interest because of the strong depression of the bulk superconducting transition at x =1 /8 in association with charge and spin stripe order. The latter unidirectional order is tied to Cu-O bond-length anisotropy present in the so-called low-temperature tetragonal (LTT) phase. On warming, the lattice exhibits two sequential structural transitions, involving changes in the CuO6 tilt pattern, first to the low-temperature orthorhombic (LTO) and then the high-temperature tetragonal (HTT) phase. Despite the changes in static order, inspection of the instantaneous local atomic structure suggests that the LTT-type tilts persist through the transitions. Analysis of the INS spectra for the x =1 /8 composition reveals the dynamic nature of the LTT-like tilt fluctuations within the LTO and HTT phases. Within the low-temperature phase, the Cu-O bond-length splitting inferred from lattice symmetry and fitted atomic position parameters reaches a maximum of 0.3 % at x =1 /8 , suggesting that electron-phonon coupling may contribute to optimizing the structure to stabilize stripe order. This splitting is much too small to be resolved in the pair distribution function, and in fact we do not resolve any enhancement of the instantaneous bond-length distribution in association with stripe order. This study exemplifies the importance of a systematic approach using complementary techniques when investigating systems exhibiting a large degree of complexity and subtle structural responses.

  16. Simultaneous suppression of superfluid and resistance on approach to superconductor-insulator transition in underdoped ultrathin Ca0.3Y0.7Ba2Cu3O7 -δ films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steers, S.; Lemberger, T. R.; Draskovic, J.

    2016-09-01

    Using simple four-terminal resistance measurements and two-coil superfluid stiffness measurements, we observe an extended temperature range wherein both the superfluid density and the resistance are substantially suppressed, in some cases below experimental resolution, in severely underdoped ultrathin films of Ca0.3Y0.7Ba2Cu3O7 -δ (CaYBCO). This temperature range δ Tc , deemed the "offset," is in some films more than 1/2 of the resistive transition temperature. δ Tc scales linearly with the characteristic two-dimensional (2D) vortex unbinding temperature T2D, growing larger with underdoping upon approach to the superconductor-insulator transition. Absent in three-dimensional samples of CaYBCO, we discuss the offset in the context of a previously observed 2D quantum critical point in the vicinity of the superconductor-insulator transition, as well as in the context of intrinsic and extrinsic inhomogeneities in the superconducting state of the film.

  17. Evidence for a pseudogap in underdoped Bi{2}Sr_{2}CaCu{2}O{8+delta} and YBa2Cu3O6.50 from in-plane optical conductivity measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, J; Carbotte, J P; Timusk, T

    2008-05-02

    The real part of the in-plane optical self-energy data in underdoped Bi_{2}Sr_{2}CaCu_{2}O_{8+delta} (Bi-2212) and ortho II YBa2Cu3O6.5 contains new and important information on the pseudogap. Using a theoretical model approach, a major new finding is that states lost below the pseudogap Delta_{pg} are accompanied by a pileup of states just above this energy. The pileup along with a sharp mode in the bosonic spectral function leads to an unusually rapid increase in the optical scattering rate as a function of frequency and a characteristically sloped peak in the real part of the optical self-energy. These features are not found in optimally doped and overdoped samples and represent the clearest signature so far in the in-plane optical conductivity of the opening of a pseudogap.

  18. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of (Ca, Na) sub 2 CuO sub 2 Cl sub 2 crystals: Fingerprints of a magnetic insulator in a heavily underdoped superconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Kohsaka, Y; Ronning, F

    2003-01-01

    Electric evolution from an antiferromagnet to a high-T sub c superconductor is revealed by angle-resolved photoemission experiments on tetragonal Ca sub 1 sub . sub 9 Na sub 0 sub . sub 1 CuO sub 2 Cl sub 2 single crystals, which were successfully grown for the first time under high pressures. In this underdoped superconductor, we found clear fingerprints of the parent insulator: a shadow band and a large pseudogap. These observations are most likely described by a 'chemical potential shift', which contrasts clearly with the prevailing wisdom of the pinned chemical potential' learned from the prototype La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x CuO sub 4 , demonstrating that the route to a high-T sub c superconductor is not unique. (author)

  19. Liquid nitrogen cooled integrated power electronics module with high current carrying capability and lower on resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Hua; Lee, Changwoo; Simon, Randy W.; Haldar, Pradeep; Hennessy, Michael J.; Mueller, Eduard K.

    2006-11-01

    This letter presents the development of high-performance integrated cryogenic power modules, where both driver components and power metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors are integrated in a single package, to be used in a 50kW prototype cryogenic inverter operating at liquid nitrogen temperature. The authors have demonstrated a compact high-voltage, cryogenic integrated power module that exhibited more than 14 times improvement in on-resistance and continuous current carrying capability exceeding 40A. The modules are designed to operate at liquid nitrogen temperature with extreme thermal cycling. The power electronic modules are necessary components that provide control and switching for second generation, yttrium barium copper oxide-based high temperature superconductor devices including cables, motors, and generators.

  20. Buffer layers for coated conductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stan, Liliana [Los Alamos, NM; Jia, Quanxi [Los Alamos, NM; Foltyn, Stephen R [Los Alamos, NM

    2011-08-23

    A composite structure is provided including a base substrate, an IBAD oriented material upon the base substrate, and a cubic metal oxide material selected from the group consisting of rare earth zirconates and rare earth hafnates upon the IBAD oriented material. Additionally, an article is provided including a base substrate, an IBAD oriented material upon the base substrate, a cubic metal oxide material selected from the group consisting of rare earth zirconates and rare earth hafnates upon the IBAD oriented material, and a thick film upon the cubic metal oxide material. Finally, a superconducting article is provided including a base substrate, an IBAD oriented material upon the base substrate, a cubic metal oxide material selected from the group consisting of rare earth zirconates and rare earth hafnates upon the IBAD oriented material, and an yttrium barium copper oxide material upon the cubic metal oxide material.

  1. The Y{sub 2}BaCuO{sub 5} oxide as green pigment in ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernandez, F.; Colon, C.; Duran, A.; Barajas, R. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain). EUITI; D`Ors, A.; Becerril, M. [Escuela Madrilena de Ceramica de la Moncloa, Ayuntamiento de Madrid, E-28008 Madrid (Spain); Llopis, J.; Paje, S.E. [Dpto. Fisica de Materiales, Fac. CC. Fisicas, UCM, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Saez-Puche, R.; Julian, I. [Dpto. Q. Inorganica, Fac. CC. Quimicas, UCM, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

    1998-07-24

    Fine particles of green yttrium-barium-copper-oxide pigments Y{sub 2}BaCuO{sub 5} have been prepared using two different synthesis methods. The process of combustion of mixed nitrates and urea needs a maximal temperature of 900 C and provides samples formed by aggregates of homogeneous small particles with a size of about 0.3 {mu}m. However, the ceramic method requires 1050 C as synthesis temperature, and yields rather higher particle sizes. Even after grinding, these samples are formed by heterogeneous particles with mean sizes of about 3 {mu}m. Diffuse reflectance spectra reveal that the samples obtained using the former method present a higher brilliancy, so they have been selected to be tested as green pigment in ceramics with good results. (orig.) 10 refs.

  2. New Materials Derived from Ybco: CrSr2RECu2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, Lu).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Bustos, Rocío; Aguirre, Myriam H; Alario-Franco, Miguel A

    2005-05-02

    Eleven new oxides, derived from yttrium barium copper oxide by replacing the square-planar copper [Cu-O4] of the basal plane of the triple perovskite-based structure with octahedral Cr(IV), have been prepared at high pressure and temperature. Their crystal structures have been determined, and their complex microstructure has been established by means of high-resolution electron microscopy and electron diffraction. The materials have a general formula of CrSr2RECu2O8 (RE = La, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Y, Ho, Er, and Lu); they are tetragonal, show the symmetry of space group P4/mmm, and do not appear to be superconducting.

  3. Bianisotropic-critical-state model to study flux cutting in type-II superconductors at parallel geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero-Salazar, C.

    2016-04-01

    A critical-state model is postulated that incorporates, for the first time, the structural anisotropy and flux-line cutting effect in a type-II superconductor. The model is constructed starting from the theoretical scheme of Romero-Salazar and Pérez-Rodríguez to study the anisotropy induced by flux cutting. Here, numerical calculations of the magnetic induction and static magnetization are presented for samples under an alternating magnetic field, orthogonal to a static dc-bias one. The interplay of the two anisotropies is analysed by comparing the numerical results with available experimental data for an yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) plate, and a vanadium-titanium (VTi) strip, subjected to a slowly oscillating field {H}y({H}z) in the presence of a static field {H}z({H}y).

  4. Investigation of the effect of Zn impurities and magnetic field on the spin dynamics in underdoped YBa{sub 2}(Cu{sub 1-y}Zn{sub y}){sub 3}O{sub x}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suchaneck, Anton

    2009-04-20

    This work employs neutron scattering to examine the changes in the spin excitation spectrum of the underdoped high-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} which is doped with zinc or subject to a strong magnetic field. Doping levels of x=6.6 and x=6.45 are used with an optional zinc substitution of 2% zinc per copper atom. A detwinning procedure is an important factor in order to reorient all twinning domains of the orthorhombic crystal cell in the same direction. Numerous single crystals were oriented and assembled to create a sample of total mass 2 g neccessary for neutron scattering experiments. The experiments were performed on triple axis neutron scattering spectrometers to measure spin excitations around the antiferromagnetic wave vector at energies up to 50 meV. Zinc substitution and magnetic field influence the spin excitations, which in the pure compound feature the resonance mode, a spin gap and an hour-glass dispersion. Upon zinc substitution the spectrum of YBa{sub 2}(Cu{sub 0.98}Zn{sub 0.02}){sub 3}O{sub 6.6} is quantitatively unchanged around the resonance energy, however its marked temperature onset disappears. At lower energies new induced quasi-static excitations emerge. Similar finding have been observed in other cuprate compounds. The induced excitation exhibit a strong anisotropy in the copper planes. All these results are compared to other experimental techniques which provide comparable experimental evidence. Another compounds examined in this work is the more strongly oxygen underdoped YBa{sub 2}(Cu{sub 0.98}Zn{sub 0.02}){sub 3}O{sub 6.45}. The common bilayer related signal remains unchanged with zinc substitution, however a new inter-plane correlated signal is induced indicating ordering between copper planes. A comparison with other experimental techniques indicated that the superconducting critical temperature is the sole determining factor of the qualitative spin excitation spectrum, no matter what factor are responsible

  5. Pressure tuning of structure, superconductivity, and novel magnetic order in the Ce-underdoped electron-doped cuprate T '-Pr1.3 -xLa0.7CexCuO4 (x =0.1 )

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guguchia, Z.; Adachi, T.; Shermadini, Z.; Ohgi, T.; Chang, J.; Bozin, E. S.; von Rohr, F.; dos Santos, A. M.; Molaison, J. J.; Boehler, R.; Koike, Y.; Wieteska, A. R.; Frandsen, B. A.; Morenzoni, E.; Amato, A.; Billinge, S. J. L.; Uemura, Y. J.; Khasanov, R.

    2017-09-01

    High-pressure neutron powder diffraction, muon-spin rotation, and magnetization studies of the structural, magnetic, and the superconducting properties of the Ce-underdoped superconducting (SC) electron-doped cuprate system with the Nd2CuO4 (the so-called T')structure T '-Pr1.3 -xLa0.7CexCuO4 with x =0.1 are reported. A strong reduction of the in-plane and out-of-plane lattice constants is observed under pressure. However, no indication of any pressure-induced phase transition from T'to the K2NiF4 (the so-called T) structure is observed up to the maximum applied pressure of p = 11 GPa. Large and nonlinear increase of the short-range magnetic order temperature Tso in T '-Pr1.3 -xLa0.7CexCuO4 (x =0.1 ) was observed under pressure. Simultaneous pressure causes a nonlinear decrease of the SC transition temperature Tc. All these experiments establish the short-range magnetic order as an intrinsic and competing phase in SC T '-Pr1.3 -xLa0.7CexCuO4 (x =0.1 ). The observed pressure effects may be interpreted in terms of the improved nesting conditions through the reduction of the in-plane and out-of-plane lattice constants upon hydrostatic pressure.

  6. Evolution of magnetic and superconducting phases with doping and pressure in the underdoped iron-arsenide superconductor Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hassinger, Elena [Universite de Sherbrooke, Quebec (Canada); Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Max Planck Institut fuer Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Dresden (Germany); Gredat, Gregory; Valade, Fabrice; Rene de Cotret, Samuel; Juneau-Fecteau, Alexandre; Reid, Jean-Philippe; Doiron-Leyraud, Nicolas [Universite de Sherbrooke, Quebec (Canada); Kim, H.; Tanatar, Makariy A.; Prozorov, Ruslan [Ames Laboratory, Ames, Iowa (United States); Shen, B.; Wen, H.H. [Nanjing University (China); Taillefer, Louis [Universite de Sherbrooke, Quebec (Canada); Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2015-07-01

    The electrical resistivity ρ of the iron-arsenide superconductor Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} was measured in applied pressures up to 2.75 GPa for seven underdoped samples. Six of them are antiferromagnetic at P = 0 with 0.16 < x < 0.24 and one is non-magnetic with x = 0.26. The stripe-like antiferromagnetic ordering temperature T{sub N}, detected as a sharp anomaly in ρ(T), decreases linearly with pressure. For every magnetic sample a second phase appears with pressure at a lower temperature T{sub 0}, which rises with pressure. The critical pressure above which this phase appears decreases with doping going to zero for x = 0.24 just below the critical doping for the magnetic phase. This behaviour is reminiscent of the second magnetic phase appearing in Ba{sub 0.76}Na{sub 0.24}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} where the tetragonal symmetry is restored in favour of the scenario in which the nematic order in the iron pnictides is of magnetic origin.

  7. Flux turbulence in NdBa2Cu3O6+x and underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x single crystals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frello, T.; Baziljevich, M.; Johansen, T.H.

    1999-01-01

    Magnetic flux turbulence was observed in single crystals of NdBa2Cu3O6+x near-optimally doped (x approximate to 1) and underdoped YBa2Cu3O6-x (x=0.50,0.82) using magneto-optical imaging. Such turbulent phenomena have so far been reported only for YBa2Cu3O6+x high-quality single crystals with opti......Magnetic flux turbulence was observed in single crystals of NdBa2Cu3O6+x near-optimally doped (x approximate to 1) and underdoped YBa2Cu3O6-x (x=0.50,0.82) using magneto-optical imaging. Such turbulent phenomena have so far been reported only for YBa2Cu3O6+x high-quality single crystals...... with optimal doping. The crystals were also characterized in terms of critical current density j(c), anisotropy gamma, and oxygen content/superstructure. The influence of these parameters on the turbulent behavior is discussed....

  8. The oxygen-isotope effect on the in-plane penetration depth in underdoped Y sub 1 sub - sub x Pr sub x Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - subdelta as revealed by muon-spin rotation

    CERN Document Server

    Khasanov, R; Conder, K; Morenzoni, E; Savic, I M; Keller, H

    2003-01-01

    The oxygen-isotope ( sup 1 sup 6 O/ sup 1 sup 8 O) effect (OIE) on the in-plane penetration depth lambda sub a sub b (0) in underdoped Y sub 1 sub - sub x Pr sub x Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - subdelta was studied by means of muon-spin rotation. A pronounced OIE on lambda sub a sub b sup - sup 2 (0) was observed with a relative isotope shift of DELTA lambda sub a sub b sup - sup 2 /lambda sub a sub b sup - sup 2 = -5(2)% for x=0.3 and -9(2)% for x=0.4. The OIE exponents of T sub c and of lambda sub a sub b sup - sup 2 (0) exhibit a relation that appears to be generic for cuprate superconductors. (letter to the editor)

  9. Heat conduction and thermal stabilization in YBCO tape

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ziauddin Khan; Subrata Pradhan; Irfan Ahmad

    2012-06-01

    Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) coated conductors are widely used in the conduction-cooled superconducting magnets with rapid development in refrigeration technologies at present. `Quench’ is a state that refers to the irreversible and uncontrolled superconductor to resistive transitions in the superconductor. The propagation of ‘quench’ or `normal zone’ has different characteristics in these high temperature superconductors (HTS) compared to low temperature superconductors. The superconductor to normal index, known as `’ is much flatter in HTS. The hot spot emerging in local region due to quench and non-uniform critical current may cause permanent damage to whole HTS tape and hence the magnet winding pack. Thus it is necessary to determine the temperature profile along the length of HTS tape under a given energy (joule heating) such that propagation of the hot spot developed locally can be prevented early. In this study, a one dimensional, time dependent heat diffusion equation with appropriate boundary conditions are used to describe the consequences of the normal zone propagation resulting in the temperature diffusion in a HTS tape. The results demonstrate the necessity of adequate cooling of the edges of the flat HTS tapes to prevent irreversible normal zone transitions.

  10. Infrared Spectroscopic, X-ray and Nanoscale Characterization of Strontium Titanate Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webb, J. D.; Moutinho, H. R.; Kazmerski, L. L.; Mueller, C. H.; Rivkin, T. V.; Treece, R. E.; Dalberth, M.; Rogers, C. T.

    1997-01-01

    Attenuated total reflectance (ATR) measurements were performed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the ATR mode with a thallium iodobromide (KRS-5) crystal to measure the frequencies of the v{sub 3} and v{sub 4} phonon absorption bands in thin strontium titanate films deposited on single-crystal yttrium-barium copper oxide (YBCO), lanthanum aluminate, magnesium oxide, and strontium titanate substrates. The KRS-5 crystal enabled FTIR-ATR measurements to be made at frequencies above 400 cm-1. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements were also made to further characterize the films. The measurements were repeated on single-crystal specimens of strontium titanate and the substrates for comparison. Softening in the frequency of the v{sub 4} transverse optical phonon in the lattice-mismatched films below the established value of 544 cm-1 is indicative of the highly textured, polycrystalline ceramic nature of the films and is consistent with the XRD and AFM results.

  11. Infrared spectroscopic, x-ray, and nanoscale characterization of strontium titanate thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webb, J.D.; Moutinho, H.R.; Kazmerski, L.L. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Mueller, C.H.; Rivkin, T.V.; Treece, R.E. [Superconducting Core Technologies, Inc., Golden, CO (United States); Dalberth, M.; Rogers, C.T. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1996-04-01

    Attenuated total reflectance (ATR) measurements were performed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the ATR mode with a thallium iodobromide (KRS-5) crystal to measure the frequencies of the {nu}{sub 3} and {nu}{sub 4} phonon absorption bands in thin strontium titanate films deposited on single-crystal yttrium-barium copper oxide (YBCO), lanthanum aluminate, magnesium oxide, and strontium titanate substrates. The KRS-5 crystal enabled FTIR-ATR measurements to be made at frequencies above 400 cm{sup {minus}1}. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements were also made to further characterize the films. The measurements were repeated on single-crystal specimens of strontium titanate and the substrates for comparison. Softening in the frequency of the {nu}{sub 4} transverse optical phonon in the lattice- mismatched films below the established value of 544 cm{sup {minus}1} is indicative of the highly textured, polycrystalline ceramic nature of the films and is consistent with the XRD and AFM results.

  12. Bulk YBCO seeded with 45°-45° bridge-seeds of different lengths

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Y.-H.; Durrell, J. H.; Dennis, A. R.; Cardwell, D. A.

    2013-01-01

    Single grain, (RE)BCO (rare earth-barium-copper oxide) bulk superconductors in large or complicated geometries are required for a variety of potential applications, such as in motors and generators and magnetic shielding devices. As a result, top, multi-seeded, melt growth has been investigated over the past 15 years in an attempt to enlarge the size of (RE)BCO single grains specifically for such applications. Of these multi-seeding techniques, so-called bridge-seeding provides the best alignment of two seeds in a single grain growth process. Here we report, for the first time, the successful growth of YBCO (yttrium-barium-copper oxide) using a special, 45°-45°, arrangement of bridge-seeds. The superconducting properties, including trapped field, of the multi-seeded YBCO grains have been measured for different bridge lengths of the 45°-45° bridge-seeds. The boundaries at the impinging growth front and the growth features of the top, multi-seeded surface and cross-section of the multi-seeded, samples have been analysed using optical microscopy. The results suggest that an impurity-free boundary between the two seeds of each leg of the bridge-seed can form when 45°-45° bridge-seeds are used to enlarge the size of YBCO grains.

  13. Design of a superconducting volume coil for magnetic resonance microscopy of the mouse brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouls, John C; Izenson, Michael G; Greeley, Harold P; Johnson, G Allan

    2008-04-01

    We present the design process of a superconducting volume coil for magnetic resonance microscopy of the mouse brain at 9.4T. The yttrium barium copper oxide coil has been designed through an iterative process of three-dimensional finite-element simulations and validation against room temperature copper coils. Compared to previous designs, the Helmholtz pair provides substantially higher B(1) homogeneity over an extended volume of interest sufficiently large to image biologically relevant specimens. A custom-built cryogenic cooling system maintains the superconducting probe at 60+/-0.1K. Specimen loading and probe retuning can be carried out interactively with the coil at operating temperature, enabling much higher through-put. The operation of the probe is a routine, consistent procedure. Signal-to-noise ratio in a mouse brain increased by a factor ranging from 1.1 to 2.9 as compared to a room-temperature solenoid coil optimized for mouse brain microscopy. We demonstrate images encoded at 10x10x20mum for an entire mouse brain specimen with signal-to-noise ratio of 18 and a total acquisition time of 16.5h, revealing neuroanatomy unseen at lower resolution. Phantom measurements show an effective spatial resolution better than 20mum.

  14. Simulation of YBCO Tape and Coils in HTS Maglev System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song Mengxiao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the process of running high temperature superconducting maglev train, the AC(Alternating Current loss of superconducting coil is directly related to its safe operation and operating cost. In this paper, the simulation model was built based on the finite element software COMSOL Multiphysics, and mainly simulated and calculated the AC losses of YBCO(Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide tape and coils. In this model, as the solving object, the singular and infinite long YBCO tape and coils model was solved with H-formulation and the nonlinear characteristic (E-J constitutive law and anisotrophy (B-J characteristic were taken into consideration as the theoretical foundation. Then on the basis of the model under maglev suspension system, AC losses under different amplitude and frequence AC currents were calculated. The results shows that under different frequencies and dynamic components, the local maximum AC loss of YBCO tape and coils occurs when the steady-state DC(Direct Current current is 30A. Then comparing with old maglev suspension system, the new system can greatly reduce the energy consumption and the material cost.

  15. Nanoscale Stoichiometric Analysis of a High-Temperature Superconductor by Atom Probe Tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrazzini, Stella; London, Andrew J; Gault, Baptiste; Saxey, David; Speller, Susannah; Grovenor, Chris R M; Danaie, Mohsen; Moody, Michael P; Edmondson, Philip D; Bagot, Paul A J

    2017-01-31

    The functional properties of the high-temperature superconductor Y1Ba2Cu3O7-δ (Y-123) are closely correlated to the exact stoichiometry and oxygen content. Exceeding the critical value of 1 oxygen vacancy for every five unit cells (δ>0.2, which translates to a 1.5 at% deviation from the nominal oxygen stoichiometry of Y7.7Ba15.3Cu23O54-δ ) is sufficient to alter the superconducting properties. Stoichiometry at the nanometer scale, particularly of oxygen and other lighter elements, is extremely difficult to quantify in complex functional ceramics by most currently available analytical techniques. The present study is an analysis and optimization of the experimental conditions required to quantify the local nanoscale stoichiometry of single crystal yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) samples in three dimensions by atom probe tomography (APT). APT analysis required systematic exploration of a wide range of data acquisition and processing conditions to calibrate the measurements. Laser pulse energy, ion identification, and the choice of range widths were all found to influence composition measurements. The final composition obtained from melt-grown crystals with optimized superconducting properties was Y7.9Ba10.4Cu24.4O57.2.

  16. A YBCO RF-SQUID magnetometer and its applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luwei, Zhou; Jingwu, Qiu; Xienfeng, Zhang; Zhiming, Tank; Yongjia, Qian

    1990-01-01

    An applicable RF-superconducting quantum interference detector (SQUID) magnetometer was made using a bulk sintered yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO). The temperature range of the magnetometer is 77 to 300 K and the field range 0 to 0.1T. At 77 K, the equivalent flux noise of the SQUID is 5 x 10 to minus 4 power theta sub o/square root of Hz at the frequency range of 20 to 200 Hz. The experiments show that the SQUID noise at low-frequency end is mainly from 1/f noise. A coil test shows that the magnetic moment sensitivity delta m is 10 to the minus 6th power emu. The RF-SQUID is shielded in a YBCO cylinder with a shielding ability B sub in/B sub ex of about 10 to the minus 6th power when external dc magnetic field is about a few Oe. The magnetometer is successfully used in characterizing superconducting thin films.

  17. Effective method to control the levitation force and levitation height in a superconducting maglev system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芃焘; 杨万民; 王妙; 李佳伟; 郭玉霞

    2015-01-01

    The influence of the width of the middle magnet in the permanent magnet guideways (PMGs) on the levitation force and the levitation height of single-domain yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) bulks has been investigated at 77 K under the zero field cooled (ZFC) state. It is found that the largest levitation force can be obtained in the system with the width of the middle magnet of the PMG equal to the size of the YBCO bulk when the gap between the YBCO bulk and PMG is small. Both larger levitation force and higher levitation height can be obtained in the system with the width of the middle magnet of the PMG larger than the size of the YBCO bulk. The stiffness of the levitation force between the PMG and the YBCO bulk is higher in the system with a smaller width of the middle magnet in the PMG. These results provide an effective way to control the levitation force and the levitation height for the superconducting maglev design and applications.

  18. Superconducting optical modulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunt, Patricia S.; Ference, Thomas G.; Puzey, Kenneth A.; Tanner, David B.; Tache, Nacira; Varhue, Walter J.

    2000-12-01

    An optical modulator based on the physical properties of high temperature superconductors has been fabricated and tested. The modulator was constructed form a film of Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide (YBCO) grown on undoped silicon with a buffer layer of Yttria Stabilized Zirconia. Standard lithographic procedures were used to pattern the superconducting film into a micro bridge. Optical modulation was achieved by passing IR light through the composite structure normal to the micro bridge and switching the superconducting film in the bridge region between the superconducting and non-superconducting states. In the superconducting state, IR light reflects from the superconducting film surface. When a critical current is passed through the micro bridge, it causes the film in this region to switch to the non-superconducting state allowing IR light to pass through it. Superconducting materials have the potential to switch between these two states at speeds up to 1 picosecond using electrical current. Presently, fiber optic transmission capacity is limited by the rate at which optical data can be modulated. The superconducting modulator, when combined with other components, may have the potential to increase the transmission capacity of fiber optic lines.

  19. Application of superconducting technologies as chemical/biological agent electronic eyes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savoy, Steven M.; Eames, Sara J.; Jurbergs, David C.; Zhao, Jianai; McDevitt, John T.; Sobel, Annette L.

    1997-01-01

    High temperature superconductors provide enhanced sensitivity capabilities as chemical/biological agent detectors. State-of-the-art advances in ruggedizing superconducting platforms make them much more robust for field applications. In addition, microminiaturization and advances in refrigeration have enabled the systems engineering of portable, durable, survivable, low power requirement devices. This presentation describes a prototype system employing YBCO (yttrium barium copper oxide) superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDS) with specific biolayer detection dye coatings. These devices may be deployed as specific stand-off detectors, or potentially reconfigured as point sensors. A library of pattern recognition algorithms provides the reference template for the system. The human-system interface will provide a 'yes/no' agent confirmation for the environment being queried, and associated confidence value. This prototype detection system has great potential for deployment in support of hostage rescue/rapid response teams, DMAT, and urban search and rescue. The preparation and characterization of a new generation of optical sensors fabricated from high-temperature superconductor (HTSC) thin films is reported herein. These new hybrid devices are fashioned using HTSC thin films which are coated with organic dye overlayers. These systems are shown to respond selectively to those wavelengths which are absorbed strongly by the molecular dye. Methods for fabricating the superconductor element and depositing the dye layer are discussed. Moreover, resistivity versus temperature measurements before and after dye deposition are utilized to characterize these hybrid structures. The unique optical response properties of these hybrid sensors are also detailed.

  20. Micromachined infrared sensors with device-level encapsulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dave, Aasutosh; Celik-Butler, Zeynep; Butler, Donald P.

    2005-05-01

    There have been recent innovations to reduce the cost of packaging for MEMS devices, without deteriorating their performance. One such novel design for device-level encapsulation (self-packaged) of uncooled infrared (IR) microbolometers is documented here. Device-level vacuum encapsulation has the potential to eliminate some major problems associated with the bolometer performance such as high thermal conductance of the ambient atmosphere, the high cost associated with conventional vacuum packaging, and the degradation of optical transmission at different wavelengths through a conventional package window. The device-level encapsulated bolometers can also be fabricated with flexible substrates, which have the advantage of conforming to non-planar surfaces compared to Si or other rigid substrates. In addition, a flexible superstrate with low shear stress has applications in robotics, aerospace, defense and biomedicine as a "Smart skin", a name given to multisensory arrays on conformal substrates to emulate human skin functions on inanimate objects. Self-packaged uncooled microbolometer arrays of 40x40 μm2 and 60x60 μm2 are fabricated on top of Si wafer with a sacrificial layer using semiconducting Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide (YBCO) as the infrared sensing material. A two-layer surface micromachining technique in conjunction with a resonant cavity and a reflecting mirror are used for the sensor structure. The devices have demonstrated voltage responsivities of 7.9x103 V/W with a temperature coefficient of resistance of -2.5% K-1, and thermal conductivity of 2.95x10-6 W/K. The device performance was similar in air and vacuum, demonstrating vacuum integrity and a good device-level encapsulation.

  1. Effective method to control the levitation force and levitation height in a superconducting maglev system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Peng-Tao; Yang, Wan-Min; Wang, Miao; Li, Jia-Wei; Guo, Yu-Xia

    2015-11-01

    The influence of the width of the middle magnet in the permanent magnet guideways (PMGs) on the levitation force and the levitation height of single-domain yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) bulks has been investigated at 77 K under the zero field cooled (ZFC) state. It is found that the largest levitation force can be obtained in the system with the width of the middle magnet of the PMG equal to the size of the YBCO bulk when the gap between the YBCO bulk and PMG is small. Both larger levitation force and higher levitation height can be obtained in the system with the width of the middle magnet of the PMG larger than the size of the YBCO bulk. The stiffness of the levitation force between the PMG and the YBCO bulk is higher in the system with a smaller width of the middle magnet in the PMG. These results provide an effective way to control the levitation force and the levitation height for the superconducting maglev design and applications. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51342001 and 50872079), the Key-grant Project of Chinese Ministry of Education (Grant No. 311033), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20120202110003), the Innovation Team in Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2014KTC-18), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant Nos. GK201101001 and GK201305014), and the Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Foundation Project of Shaanxi Normal University, China (Grant Nos. X2011YB08 and X2012YB05).

  2. The effects of space radiation on thin films of YBa2Cu3O(7-x)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herschitz, R.; Bogorad, A.; Bowman, C.; Seehra, S. S.; Mogro-Campero, A.; Turner, L. G.

    1991-01-01

    This investigation had two objectives: (1) to determine the effects of space radiation on superconductor parameters that are most important in space applications; and (2) to determine whether this effect can be simulated with Co-60 gamma rays, the standard test method for space materials. Thin films of yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) were formed by coevaporation of Y, BaF2, and Cu and post-annealing in wet oxygen at 850 C for 3.5 h. The substrate used was (100) silicon with an evaporated zirconia buffer layer. The samples were characterized by four point probe electrical measurements as a function of temperature. The parameters measured were the zero resistance transition temperature T(sub c) and the room temperature resistance. The samples were then exposed to Co-60 gamma-rays in air and in pure nitrogen, and to 780 keV electrons, in air. The parameters were then remeasured. The results are summarized. The results indicate little or no degradation in the parameters measured for samples exposed up to 10 Mrads of gamma-rays in nitrogen. However, complete degradation is preliminarily attributed to the high level of ozone generated in the chamber by the gamma-ray interaction with air. It can be concluded that: (1) the electron component of space radiation does not degrade the critical temperature of the YBCO films described, at least for energies around 800 keV and doses similar to those received by surface materials on spacecraft in typical remote sensing missions; and (2) for qualifying this and other superconducting materials against the space-radiation threat the standard test method used in the aerospace industry, namely, exposure to Co-60 gamma-rays in air, may require some further investigation. As a minimum, the sample must be either in vacuum or in positive nitrogen pressure.

  3. SQUIDs for the characterization of magnetic nanoparticles; SQUIDs fuer die Charakterisierung magnetischer Nanoteilchen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guillaume, Alexander

    2015-07-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) are superparamagnetic particles with a core diameter in the nm-range. The MNPs have manifold properties which make them an interesting tool for various applications. Certain parameters, such as size or size distribution and structural properties, must be well known for these applications. In this work, the dynamic behavior of MNPs was investigated by magnetorelaxometry (MRX) at a temperature of 77 K. MRX is based on the alignment of the moment of individual MNPs in parallel to a large enough magnetization field. After switching of the field, the magnetization decays with a characteristic time constant. The measurement of the relaxation can e.g. be used to calculate the size distribution of a given MNP sample. Superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUID) based on the high-T{sub c} superconductor yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) were employed in this work as sensors for the magnetic field. The fabrication of the superconducting and isolating thin films was carried out by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and optimized by methods of experimental design. Several types of directly coupled SQUIDs were fabricated from the thin films by optical lithography and argon ion etching. An existing MRX setup with fluxgates was modified to allow measurements with the directly coupled SQUIDs at 77 K. After the characterization of the system, MRX measurements were performed. The relaxation of an amount of approximately 100 billion MNPs was detected at a distance of 5 mm to the SQUID. In order to reduce the minimum detectable amount of MNPs and to minimize disturbances, a novel type of SQUID was developed, fabricated and characterized. A compensation factor of up to 195 was experimentally demonstrated with this self-compensating SQUID. MNP samples were prepared directly on the SQUID by electron beam lithography. Thereby, an amount of 167 MNPs could be detected. The limit for the measurement setup was evaluated as 58 MNPs. Finite element method (FEM

  4. In-situ deposition of YBCO high-Tc superconducting thin films by MOCVD and PE-MOCVD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, J.; Noh, D. W.; Chern, C.; Li, Y. Q.; Norris, P. E.; Kear, B.; Gallois, B.

    1991-01-01

    Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) offers the advantages of a high degree of compositional control, adaptability for large scale production, and the potential for low temperature fabrication. The capability of operating at high oxygen partial pressure is particularly suitable for in situ formation of high temperature superconducting (HTSC) films. Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) thin films having a sharp zero-resistance transition with T(sub c) greater than 90 K and J(sub c) of approximately 10(exp 4) A on YSZ have been prepared, in situ, at a substrate temperature of about 800 C. Moreover, the ability to form oxide films at low temperature is very desirable for device applications of HTSC materials. Such a process would permit the deposition of high quality HTSC films with a smooth surface on a variety of substrates. Highly c-axis oriented, dense, scratch resistant, superconducting YBCO thin films with mirror-like surfaces have been prepared, in situ, at a reduced substrate temperature as low as 570 C by a remote microwave-plasma enhanced metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (PE-MOCVD) process. Nitrous oxide was used as a reactant gas to generate active oxidizing species. This process, for the first time, allows the formation of YBCO thin films with the orthorhombic superconducting phase in the as-deposited state. The as-deposited films grown by PE-MOCVD show attainment of zero resistance at 72 K with a transition width of about 5 K. MOCVD was carried out in a commercial production scale reactor with the capability of uniform deposition over 100 sq cm per growth run. Preliminary results indicate that PE-MOCVD is a very attractive thin film deposition process for superconducting device technology.

  5. In Situ deposition of YBCO high-T(sub c) superconducting thin films by MOCVD and PE-MOCVD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, J.; Noh, D. W.; Chern, C.; Li, Y. Q.; Norris, P.; Gallois, B.; Kear, B.

    1990-01-01

    Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) offers the advantages of a high degree of compositional control, adaptability for large scale production, and the potential for low temperature fabrication. The capability of operating at high oxygen partial pressure is particularly suitable for in situ formation of high temperature superconducting (HTSC) films. Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) thin films having a sharp zero-resistance transition with T( sub c) greater than 90 K and Jc approx. 10 to the 4th power A on YSZ have been prepared, in situ, at a substrate temperature of about 800 C. Moreover, the ability to form oxide films at low temperature is very desirable for device applications of HTSC materials. Such a process would permit the deposition of high quality HTSC films with a smooth surface on a variety of substrates. Highly c-axis oriented, dense, scratch resistant, superconducting YBCO thin films with mirror-like surfaces have been prepared, in situ, at a reduced substrate temperature as low as 570 C by a remote microwave-plasma enhanced metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (PE-MOCVD) process. Nitrous oxide was used as a reactant gas to generate active oxidizing species. This process, for the first time, allows the formation of YBCO thin films with the orthorhombic superconducting phase in the as-deposited state. The as-deposited films grown by PE-MOCVD show attainment of zero resistance at 72 K with a transition width of about 5 K. MOCVD was carried out in a commercial production scale reactor with the capability of uniform deposition over 100 sq cm per growth run. Preliminary results indicate that PE-MOCVD is a very attractive thin film deposition process for superconducting device technology.

  6. Recent developments of practical superconducting materials%实用化超导材料研究进展与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马衍伟

    2015-01-01

    Superconductivity has broad and significant potential applications, not only in energy storage, high-speed railway transportation, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging and ultra-strong magnetic field generation, but also in potentially much larger markets for electric power equipment such as motors, generators, power transmission cables, transformers and fault-current limiters for the electric utility grid. Performance improvement in practical superconduct-ing materials is the foundation of application development. The overall picture of superconductor conductors is diverse and developing rapidly. Currently, practical superconducting materials com-prise mainly Nb-based low-temperature wires, bismuth-strontium-calcium copper oxide high-tem-perature superconducting tapes, yttrium barium copper oxide coated conductors, MgB2 wires, and new Fe-based tapes. A review is presented here of the fabrication issues, key properties and recent developments of these materials, with an assessment of the challenges and prospects for future ap-plications.%超导技术是21世纪具有重大经济和战略意义的高新技术,在国民经济诸多领域具有广阔的应用前景,如在超导弱电应用中的超导量子干涉器、滤波器;在超导强电应用中的电缆、限流器、电机、储能系统、变压器、磁体技术、医疗核磁共振成像、高能物理实验和高速交通输运等。实用化超导材料是超导技术发展的基础。目前,国际上发现的实用化超导材料主要有低温超导线材、铋系高温超导带材、YBCO涂层导体、MgB2线带材以及新型铁基超导线带材。文章在简要介绍超导材料发展历程的基础上,重点综述了上述实用化超导材料制备及加工、性能和应用方面的最新研究进展,并对相关领域存在的问题及今后的发展作出展望。

  7. Fiber optic quench detection via optimized Rayleigh Scattering in high-field YBCO accelerator magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flanagan, Gene [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)

    2016-02-17

    Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) coated conductors are known for their ability to operate in the superconducting state at relatively high temperatures, even above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 K). When these same conductors are operated at lower temperatures, they are able to operate in much higher magnetic fields than traditional superconductors like NiTi or Nb3Sn. Thus, YBCO superconducting magnets are one of the primary options for generating the high magnetic fields needed for future high energy physics devices. Due to slow quench propagation, quench detection remains one of the primary limitations to YBCO magnets. Fiber optic sensing, based upon Rayleigh scattering, has the potential for spatial resolution approaching the wavelength of light, or very fast temporal resolution at low spatial resolution, and a continuum of combinations in between. This project has studied, theoretically and experimentally, YBCO magnets and Rayleigh scattering quench detection systems to demonstrate feasibility of the systems for YBCO quench protection systems. Under this grant an experimentally validated 3D quench propagation model was used to accurately define the acceptable range of spatial and temporal resolutions for effective quench detection in YBCO magnets and to evaluate present-day and potentially improved YBCO conductors. The data volume and speed requirements for quench detection via Rayleigh scattering required the development of a high performance fiber optic based quench detection/data acquisition system and its integration with an existing voltage tap/thermo-couple based system. In this project, optical fibers are tightly co-wound into YBCO magnet coils, with the fiber on top of the conductor as turn-to-turn insulation. Local changes in the temperature or strain of the conductor are sensed by the optical fiber, which is in close thermal and mechanical contact with the conductor. Intrinsic imperfections in the fiber reflect Rayleigh

  8. Fluctuation conductivity of oxygen underdoped YBa2Cu3O7-δ single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vovk, R. V.; Khadzhai, G. Ya.; Goulatis, I. L.; Chroneos, A.

    2014-03-01

    The electrical resistance in the range of ТC-300 K in the layer planes of YВа2Сu3О7-δ single crystals with a range of oxygen deficiency (providing a range of TC from 78 to 92 K) was investigated. The experimental data is approximated by an expression that accounts for the scattering of electrons on phonons, as well as on defects and the fluctuation conductivity in a 3-D model of the Aslamazov-Larkin theory. According to this approximation, depending upon the oxygen deficiency, the Debye temperature varies from 245 to 400 K, coherence length ξС(0)≈0.5 Å.

  9. Spin susceptibility of underdoped cuprate superconductors: Insights from a stripe-ordered crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hücker, M.; Gu, G. D.; Tranquada, J. M.

    2008-12-01

    We report a detailed study of the temperature and magnetic-field dependence of the spin susceptibility for a single crystal of La1.875Ba0.125CuO4 . From a quantitative analysis, we find that the temperature-dependent anisotropy of the susceptibility, observed in both the paramagnetic and stripe-ordered phases, directly indicates that localized Cu moments dominate the magnetic response. A field-induced spin-flop transition provides further corroboration for the role of local moments. Contrary to previous analyses of data from polycrystalline samples, we find that a commonly assumed isotropic and temperature-independent contribution from free carriers, if present, must be quite small. Our conclusion is strengthened by extending the quantitative analysis to include crystals of La2-xBaxCuO4 with x=0.095 and 0.155. On the basis of our results, we present a revised interpretation of the temperature and doping dependence of the spin susceptibility in La2-x(Sr,Ba)xCuO4 .

  10. Magnetization of underdoped YBa2Cu3Oy above the irreversibility field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jing Fei; Ramshaw, B. J.; Kokanović, I.; Modic, K. A.; Harrison, N.; Day, James; Liang, Ruixing; Hardy, W. N.; Bonn, D. A.; McCollam, A.; Julian, S. R.; Cooper, J. R.

    2015-11-01

    Torque magnetization measurements on YBa2Cu3Oy (YBCO) at doping y =6.67 (p =0.12 ), in dc fields (B ) up to 33 T and temperatures down to 4.5 K, show that weak diamagnetism persists above the extrapolated irreversibility field Hirr(T =0 ) ≈24 T. The differential susceptibility d M /d B , however, is more rapidly suppressed for B ≳16 T than expected from the properties of the low field superconducting state, and saturates at a low value for fields B ≳24 T. In addition, torque measurements on a p =0.11 YBCO crystal in pulsed field up to 65 T and temperatures down to 8 K show similar behavior, with no additional features at higher fields. We offer two candidate scenarios to explain these observations: (a) superconductivity survives but is heavily suppressed at high field by competition with charge-density-wave (CDW) order; (b) static superconductivity disappears near 24 T and is followed by a region of fluctuating superconductivity, which causes d M /d B to saturate at high field. The diamagnetic signal observed above 50 T for the p =0.11 crystal at 40 K and below may be caused by changes in the normal state susceptibility rather than bulk or fluctuating superconductivity. There will be orbital (Landau) diamagnetism from electron pockets and possibly a reduction in spin susceptibility caused by the stronger three-dimensional ordered CDW.

  11. Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, M K; Harrison, N; McDonald, R D; Ramshaw, B J; Modic, K A; Barišić, N; Greven, M

    2016-01-01

    The observation of a reconstructed Fermi surface via quantum oscillations in hole-doped cuprates opened a path towards identifying broken symmetry states in the pseudogap regime. However, such an identification has remained inconclusive due to the multi-frequency quantum oscillation spectra and complications accounting for bilayer effects in most studies. We overcome these impediments with high-resolution measurements on the structurally simpler cuprate HgBa2CuO4+δ (Hg1201), which features one CuO2 plane per primitive unit cell. We find only a single oscillatory component with no signatures of magnetic breakdown tunnelling to additional orbits. Therefore, the Fermi surface comprises a single quasi-two-dimensional pocket. Quantitative modelling of these results indicates that a biaxial charge density wave within each CuO2 plane is responsible for the reconstruction and rules out criss-crossed charge stripes between layers as a viable alternative in Hg1201. Lastly, we determine that the characteristic gap between reconstructed pockets is a significant fraction of the pseudogap energy.

  12. Coherent charge and spin density waves in underdoped HgBa2CuO4+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeongseop A.; Xin, Yizhou; Halperin, W. P.; Reyes, A. P.; Kuhns, P. L.; Chan, M. K.

    2017-03-01

    Charge order in cuprate superconductors appears to be a universal characteristic, often associated with pseudogap behavior in the normal state. The central question is whether such charge ordering or the pseudogap are required for the existence of high temperature superconductivity and embody its mechanism. An important but phenomenological approach to this question is to examine whether these phenomena extend over various members of the cuprate family. Recent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on oxygen chain-ordered single crystals of YBa2Cu3O6+y (Y123) have demonstrated temperature and magnetic field induced charge ordering that was confirmed in x-ray experiments. In the present work on high-quality single crystals of the tetragonal compound, HgBa2CuO4+δ , we use 17O NMR to investigate the interplay between charge and spin order deduced from the full quadrupolar-split NMR spectrum over a wide range of temperature and magnetic field. We have found evidence for a coherent modulation of charge and spin order in this compound. However, neither temperature nor magnetic field induced ordering was observed and we infer that this aspect of high temperature superconductivity is not universal.

  13. Behavior of vortices near twin boundaries in underdoped $Ba(Fe_{1-x}Co_{x})_{2}As_{2}$

    OpenAIRE

    Kalisky, B.; Kirtley, J. R.; Analytis, J. G.; Chu, J. -H.; Fisher, I. R.; Moler, K. A.

    2010-01-01

    We use scanning SQUID microscopy to investigate the behavior of vortices in the presence of twin boundaries in the pnictide superconductor Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2. We show that the vortices avoid pinning on twin boundaries. Individual vortices move in a preferential way when manipulated with the SQUID: they tend to not cross a twin boundary, but rather to move parallel to it. This behavior can be explained by the observation of enhanced superfluid density on twin boundaries in Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2. The ...

  14. Low-Temperature Specific Heat of the Underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 Single Crystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zhi-Yong; YANG Hai-Peng; LU Xi-Feng; ZHOU Fang; WEN Hai-Hu

    2004-01-01

    @@ We report the low-temperature specific heat of La2-xSrxCuO4 (x = 0.063) single crystals before and after annealing in the temperature region of 2-10 K and magnetic fields up to 12 T. The data confirm the √H dependence of the linear term coefficient γpredicted for d-wave paring in the Volovik theory at T = 0 K. However, the data do not satisfy the proposed Simon-Lee scaling law at finite temperatures, i.e. CDOs/ (T2) = f(T/ √H), where f is an unknown scaling function and CDos is the extra specific heat contributed by the nodal quasiparticles due to the Doppler effect. Possible reasons for this failure are presented.

  15. Effect of heat treatment on electronic phase in underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 single crystal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shen Cai-Xia; Shen Xiao-Li; Lu Wei; Dong Xiao-Li; Li Zheng-Cai; Xiong Ji-Wu; Zhou Fang

    2008-01-01

    Superconducting La1.937Sr0.063CuO4 crystals grown by the travelling-solvent floating-zone technique were thermally treated under various temperatures and oxygen pressures for moderately adjusting the oxygen content. The response of intrinsic electronic property of the crystals to the change of hole density in La2-xSrxCuO4 in the vicinity of the magic doping of x = 1/16 (= 0.0625) is studied in detail by magnetic measurements under various fields up to 1 T. It is found that when the superconducting critical temperature (TC) increases with the oxygen content, there appears also a new subtle electronic state that can be detected from the differential curves of diamagnetic susceptibility dx/dT of the crystal sample. In contrast with the intrinsic state, the new subtle electronic state is very fragile under the magnetic fields. Our results indicate that a moderate change in oxygen doping does not significantly modify the intrinsic electronic state originally existing at the magic doping level.

  16. Mobility of the Doped Holes and the Antiferromagnetic Correlations in Underdoped High-T{sub c} Cuprates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ando, Yoichi; Lavrov, A. N.; Komiya, Seiki; Segawa, Kouji; Sun, X. F.

    2001-07-02

    The emergence and the evolution of the metallic charge transport in the La{sub 2{minus}x}Sr {sub x}CuO{sub 4} system from lightly to optimally doped samples (x=0.01{endash}0.17 ) are studied. We demonstrate that in high-quality single crystals the in-plane resistivity shows a metallic behavior for all values of x at moderate temperatures and that the hole mobility at 300K changes only by a factor of 3 from x=0.01 to 0.17, where its x dependence is found to be intriguingly similar to that of the inverse antiferromagnetic correlation length. We discuss an incoherent-metal picture and a charged-stripe scenario as candidates to account for these peculiar features.

  17. The collapse of the columnar spatial topology of pseudogap excitations in the underdoped-overdoped transition of cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roehler, Juergen [Universitaet zu Koeln, 50937 Koeln (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    The intensity I{sub Q{sub 0}} of the Q=0 nematic pseudogap excitations in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+x} was found to increase between p ≥ 0.06 and 0.14 and to collapse at p{sub opt}=0.16, reaching zero at p=0.2. Evidentially it maps the growth and the collapse of the bulge in the doping dependence of the basal-plane area (ab) of p-type cuprates. The nematic topology of the pseudogap excitations results from the non-occupancy constraint for nn ZR-holes excluding 1a dimerization, but favoring 3a pair states with inequivalent O{sub x,y} sites. 3a pair states have hard core properties, yield d-type CDW excitations, and inflate the basal-plane area by a columnar topology against covalency-driven contraction. We show that optimal delocalization of ZR-holes at p{sub opt}=1/6 ≅ 0.17, tantamount to maximal connectedness of 3a pair states, will transform the columnar nematic pattern into isotropic tweedy striations, hence collapses I{sub Q{sub 0}}, and the bulge.

  18. Neutron scattering study of the magnetic phase diagram of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haug, Daniel; Hinkov, Vladimir; Sidis, Yvan;

    2010-01-01

    We present a neutron triple-axis and resonant spin-echo spectroscopy study of the spin correlations in untwinned YBa2Cu3O6+x single crystals with x=0.3, 0.35 and 0.45 as a function of temperature and magnetic field. As the temperature T→0, all samples exhibit static incommensurate magnetic order ...

  19. Theoretical study of magnetoelectric effects in noncentrosymmetric and cuprate superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashyap, Manoj K.

    analytical and numerical solutions of the Ginzburg-Landau equations that reveal the spatial structure of this current as well as the associated component of the magnetic field for both a single vortex and in the vortex lattice phase near the upper critical field. The discovery of superconductivity in lanthanum barium copper oxide (LBCO) in 1986, was followed by yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) in 1987, commencing the era of high temperature superconductivity. The astonishingly rich phase diagram of cuprates includes the pseudogap phase which was earlier thought to be a precursor to superconductivity. Now signatures of broken symmetries have been seen, indicating a true phase transition. Pair density wave (PDW) order has earlier been proposed to account for superconducting correlations and charge density wave (CDW) order in pseudogap phase. There is evidence that the pseudogap phase in the cuprates also breaks time-reversal symmetry. Here we show that pair density wave (PDW) states give rise to a translational invariant nonsuperconducting order parameter that breaks time-reversal and parity symmetries, but preserves their product. This secondary order parameter has a different origin, but shares the same symmetry properties as a magnetoelectric loop current order that has been proposed earlier in the context of the cuprates to explain the appearance of intracell magnetic order. We further show that, due to fluctuations, this secondary loop current order, which breaks only discrete symmetries, can preempt PDW order, which breaks both continuous and discrete symmetries. In such a phase, the emergent loop current order coexists with spatial short-range superconducting order and possibly short-range charge density wave (CDW) order. Finally, we propose a PDW phase that accounts for intracell magnetic order and the polar Kerr effect, has CDW order consistent with x-ray scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance observations, and quasiparticle (QP) properties consistent with angle

  20. Passivation of Flexible YBCO Superconducting Current Lead With Amorphous SiO2 Layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johannes, Daniel; Webber, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Adiabatic demagnetization refrigerators (ADR) are operated in space to cool detectors of cosmic radiation to a few 10s of mK. A key element of the ADR is a superconducting magnet operating at about 0.3 K that is continually energized and de-energized in synchronism with a thermal switch, such that a piece of paramagnetic salt is alternately warm in a high magnetic field and cold in zero magnetic field. This causes the salt pill or refrigerant to cool, and it is able to suck heat from an object, e.g., the sensor, to be cooled. Current has to be fed into and out of the magnets from a dissipative power supply at the ambient temperature of the spacecraft. The current leads that link the magnets to the power supply inevitably conduct a significant amount of heat into the colder regions of the supporting cryostat, resulting in the need for larger, heavier, and more powerful supporting refrigerators. The aim of this project was to design and construct high-temperature superconductor (HTS) leads from YBCO (yttrium barium copper oxide) composite conductors to reduce the heat load significantly in the temperature regime below the critical temperature of YBCO. The magnet lead does not have to support current in the event that the YBCO ceases to be superconducting. Cus - tomarily, a normal metal conductor in parallel with the YBCO is a necessary part of the lead structure to allow for this upset condition; however, for this application, the normal metal can be dispensed with. Amorphous silicon dioxide is deposited directly onto the surface of YBCO, which resides on a flexible substrate. The silicon dioxide protects the YBCO from chemically reacting with atmospheric water and carbon dioxide, thus preserving the superconducting properties of the YBCO. The customary protective coating for flexible YBCO conductors is silver or a silver/gold alloy, which conducts heat many orders of magnitude better than SiO2 and so limits the use of such a composite conductor for passing current

  1. A proposal for the development of techniques for the implementation of control to experimental chaotic systems. Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celso Grebogi

    2000-02-29

    This is the final report on a research project that explored (a) controlling complex dynamical systems; (b) using controlled chaotic signals for communication (c) methods of controlling chaos via targeting; (d) deterministic modeling; and miscellaneous work on the interface between chaotic and stable periodic behavior as system parameters vary, bifurcations of non-smooth systems that describe impact oscillators; phenomena that occur in quasiperiodically forced systems, and the fractal and topological properties of chaotic inveriant sets, in particular those arising in fluid flow.

  2. Novel Phase Separation and Magnetic Volume Tuning in Underdoped NaFe1-xCoxAs (x ˜0.01)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Long; Dai, J.; Lu, X. R.; Tan, Guotai; Song, Yu; Dai, Pengcheng; Zhang, C. L.; Normand, B.; Yu, Weiqiang

    2013-03-01

    NaFeAs is a quasi-2D pnictide parent compound with a weak magnetic moment and separate structural and antiferromagnetic transitions. Because Co doping leads to a superconductor with Tc ~= 20 K at a very low optimal doping of x = 0 . 02 , NaFe1-xCoxAs is uniquely suited to sensitive studies of the cohabitation and competition between magnetism and superconductivity. Using NMR as a local probe of both antiferromagnetic order and superconductivity, we have compared Knight shifts and relaxation rates on the Na, As, and Co nuclei. Above Tc, we find weak doping inhomogeneity, in the form of residual paramagnetic regions with differing TN values, and a strongly field-controlled magnetic volume. Below Tc, we observe a strong competition between antiferromagnetism and superconductivity, in which the temperature is the dominant control parameter, suppressing the magnetic volume fraction very significantly in favor of the superconducting one, while the external field suppresses Tc. Our results suggest both a microscale phase separation in real space and in reciprocal space a competition between two order parameters requiring the same electrons on the quasi-2D Fermi surface.

  3. Relaxation of the normal electrical resistivity induced by high-pressure in strongly underdoped YBa2Cu3O7-δ single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vovk, R. V.; Khadzhai, G. Ya.; Nazyrov, Z. F.; Goulatis, I. L.; Chroneos, A.

    2012-11-01

    We investigate the relaxation of the normal electrical resistivity, induced by high-pressure in YBa2Cu3O6.45 single crystals. It is determined that the pressure affects to the phase composition of the sample. Under pressure phases with different (but similar) critical temperatures form. It is determined that the application-removal pressure process is completely reversible. Above Tc the temperature dependence of the resistivity in the layers' plane at different hydrostatic pressures can be approximated with high accuracy with the scattering of electrons by phonons model. With increasing pressure, the residual resistance is reduced and the contribution of intraband s-s scattering increases. Additionally, the role of the interband s-d scattering and the Debye temperature is enhanced.

  4. Theory of incommensurate magnetic correlations across the insulator-superconductor transition of underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sushkov, Oleg P; Kotov, Valeri N

    2005-03-11

    The main feature in the elastic neutron scattering of La2-xSrxCuO4 is the existence of incommensurate peaks with positions that jump from 45 degrees to 0 degrees at 5% doping. We show that the spiral state of the t-t(')-t('')-J model with realistic parameters describes these data perfectly. We explain why in the insulator the peak is at 45 degrees while it switches to 0 degrees precisely at the insulator-metal transition. The calculated positions of the peaks are in agreement with the data in both phases.

  5. Interplane resistivity of underdoped single crystals (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2(0<= x < 0.34)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanatar, M A; Straszheim, W E; Kim, Hyunsoo; Murphy, J; Spyrison, N; Blomberg, E C; Cho, K; Reid, J -Ph; Shen, Bing; Taillefer, Louis; Wen, Hai-Hu; Prozorov, R

    2014-04-01

    The temperature-dependent interplane resistivity ρc(T) was measured in the hole-doped iron arsenide superconductor (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 over a doping range from parent compound to optimal doping at Tc≈38 K, 0≤x≤0.34. The measurements were undertaken on high-quality single crystals grown from FeAs flux. The coupled magnetic/structural transition at TSM leads to a clear accelerated decrease of ρc(T) on cooling in samples with Tc<26 K (x<0.25). This decrease in the hole-doped material is in notable contrast to the increase in ρc(T) in the electron-doped Ba(Fe1-xCox)Fe 2As2 and isoelectron-substituted BaFe2(As1-xPx)2. TSM decreases very sharply with doping, dropping from Ts=71 K to zero on increase of Tc from approximately 25 to 27 K. ρc(T) becomes linear in T close to optimal doping. The broad crossover maximum in ρc(T), found in the parent BaFe2As2 at around Tmax~200 K, shifts to higher temperature ~250 K with doping of x=0.34. The maximum shows clear correlation with the broad crossover feature found in the temperature-dependent in-plane resistivity ρa(T). The evolution with doping of Tmax in (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 is in notable contrast with both the rapid suppression of Tmax found in Ba(Fe1-xTx)2As2 (T=Co,Rh,Ni,Pd) and its rapid increase in BaFe2(As1-xPx)2. This observation suggests that pseudogap features are much stronger in hole-doped than in electron-doped iron-based superconductors, revealing significant electron-hole doping asymmetry similar to that in the cuprates.

  6. Magnetic-field-induced spin excitations and renormalized spin gap of the underdoped La1895Sr0105CuO4 superconductor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, J.; Schnyder, A.P.; Gilardi, R.

    2007-01-01

    High-resolution neutron inelastic scattering experiments in applied magnetic fields have been performed on La1.895Sr0.105CuO4 (LSCO). In zero field, the temperature dependence of the low-energy peak intensity at the incommensurate momentum transfer Q(IC)=(0.5,0.5 +/-delta,0),(0.5 +/-delta,0.5,0) ...

  7. Neutron scattering study of the magnetic phase diagram of underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haug, D; Hinkov, V; Keller, T; Lin, C T; Keimer, B [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Sidis, Y; Bourges, P [Laboratoire Leon Brillouin, CEA-CNRS, CE-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Christensen, N B [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETH Zuerich and Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland); Ivanov, A, E-mail: B.Keimer@fkf.mpg.d [Institut Laue-Langevin, 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2010-10-15

    We present a neutron triple-axis and resonant spin-echo spectroscopy study of the spin correlations in untwinned YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} single crystals with x=0.3, 0.35 and 0.45 as a function of temperature and magnetic field. As the temperature T{yields}0, all samples exhibit static incommensurate magnetic order with propagation vector along the a-direction in the CuO{sub 2} planes. The incommensurability {delta} increases monotonically with hole concentration, as it does in La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} (LSCO). However, {delta} is generally smaller than in LSCO at the same doping level, and there is no sign of a reorientation of the magnetic propagation vector at the lowest doping levels. The intensity of the incommensurate Bragg reflections increases linearly with magnetic field for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45} (superconducting T{sub c}=35 K), whereas it is field independent for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.35} (T{sub c}=10 K). These results fit well into a picture in which superconducting and spin-density wave order parameters coexist, and their ratio is controlled by the magnetic field. They also suggest that YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} samples with x{approx}0.5 exhibit incommensurate magnetic order in the high fields used for the recent quantum oscillation experiments on this system, which likely induces a reconstruction of the Fermi surface. We present neutron resonant spin-echo measurements (with energy resolution {approx}1 {mu}eV) for T{ne}0 that demonstrate a continuous thermal broadening of the incommensurate magnetic Bragg reflections into a quasi-elastic peak centered at excitation energy E=0, consistent with the zero-temperature transition expected for a two-dimensional spin system with full spin-rotation symmetry. Measurements on YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45} with a conventional triple-axis spectrometer (with energy resolution {approx}100 {mu}eV) yield a characteristic crossover temperature T{sub SDW{approx}}30 K for the onset of quasi-static magnetic order. Upon further heating, the wavevector characterizing low-energy spin excitations progressively approaches the commensurate antiferromagnetic wavevector, and the incommensurability vanishes in an order-parameter-like fashion at an 'electronic liquid crystal' onset temperature T{sub ELC{approx}}150 K. Both T{sub SDW} and T{sub ELC} increase continuously as the Mott-insulating phase is approached with decreasing doping level. These findings are discussed in the context of current models of the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity in the cuprates.

  8. SMES for wind energy systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul Antony, Anish

    copper oxide (BSCCO), Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) and Magnesium diboride (MgB 2)] is carried out. The assessed attributes include superconducting transition temperature (Tc), critical current density (Jc ), the irreversibility field (H*) and the superconducting critical field (Hc). Chapter 4 presents the design of a solenoid shaped 1MJ MgB2 SMES. This SMES is used to mitigate the problem of momentary interruptions on a wind turbine. The total length of superconducting wire required for a 1MJ solenoid is calculated to be 21km. The maximum wire lengths currently available are 6km thus we hypothesize that either wire lengths have to be increased or work has to be done on MgB2 superconducting splice technology for multifilament wire. Another design consisting of 8 solenoids storing 120 kJ each is presented. The stress analysis on the proposed coil is performed using finite element analysis exhibiting the safety of the proposed design. Chapter 5 presents the design of a toroid shaped 20MJ MgB2 SMES. This is used to mitigate the problem of sustained interruptions on a wind turbine. The toroid coil is chosen since the magnetic field could be completely contained within the coil, thus reducing stray magnetic fields. A combination of genetic algorithm and nonlinear programming is used in determining the design. In Chapter 6, the different methods of operation of the SMES are examined. The Voltage Source Convertor (VSC) based SMES topology was chosen based on its ease of switching. The VSC switching strategy is based on a sinusoidal pulse width modulation technique. EMTDC/PSCAD software was used to demonstrate the efficacy of the VSC based SMES coupled to a wind turbine. The wind generator was modeled as an induction machine feeding into a load. The simulation results established that SMES connected to wind turbines improved output quality. Although the efficacy of SMES for wind energy has been stated previously in other work, this chapter specifically demonstrates through

  9. IN PLANE OPTICAL RESPONSE OF UNDERDOPED La{sub 2-x}(Ca,Sr){sub x}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 6+D} SINGLE CRYSTALS : EVIDENCE FOR INTRINSIC INHOMOGENEITY.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    WANG,N.L.ZHENG,P.FENG,T.GU,G.D.HOMES,C.C.TRANQUADA,J.M.GAULIN,B.D.TIMUSK,T.

    2003-05-25

    The in-plane optical properties of two crystals of the bilayer cuprate La{sub 2-x}(Ca,Sr){sub x}Ca,Sr){sub x}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 6+{delta}}, one with excess Ca and x = 0.10 and the other with Sr and x = 0.15, were investigated over the frequency range of 45-25000 cm{sup -1}. A metallic response both in frequency and temperature was observed for Sr = 0.15 superconducting sample at low frequencies. Meanwhile, the sample also exhibits a prominent charge-transfer excitation at around 15000 cm{sup -1}. This observation, together with neutron experiments performed on the same sample showing diffuse, elastic antiferromagnetic scattering, indicate that the quasi-mobile carriers coexist at low temperature with static antiferromagnetic clusters. This coexistence indicates intrinsic spatial inhomogeneity.

  10. Unconventional normal-state spin dynamics in underdoped high-Tc cuprates as a fingerprint of spiral correlations of localized spins and dual localized/itinerant nature of spin fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onufrieva, F.

    2017-03-01

    The paper is motivated by the observation of unusual and not well understood spin dynamics in low- and moderately doped high-Tc cuprates as well as by the discovery in these materials of a static incommensurate order for doping exceeding the insulator-metal boundary in the phase diagram. We develop a microscopic approach that allows us to treat accurately the quantum fluctuations in the spiral state developing upon doping the Mott-Neel insulator. We show that the spiral order of localized spins induces an off-diagonal order of mobile charges and a gap Δ ∝|Q | in their spectrum (Q is the spiral incommensurability wave vector defined with respect to QAF). Due to the dynamic spin-charge interaction the latter gap produces a feedback effect consisting in the appearence of a gap in the coherent spin excitation spectrum. As a result, the characteristic energy ωc=Δ appears, in the spin excitation spectra. It separates two components with qualitatively different behavior-above ωc, spin excitations are magnonlike and have an upward dispersion, below it, they are of the relaxation type and have a slight downward dispersion. The form of the dispersion is close to the form observed experimentally (by inelastic neutron scattering), which can be characterized as OPEN-hour-glass shaped or Y -shaped. There is no qualitative difference between the spin dynamics in the normal and SC states as far as doping is relatively low. There is no resonance. Other important features, including the incommensurability and uniaxial anisotropy of the low-energy spin excitations and the doping dependencies of the characteristic energy and wave vectors, are also close to those observed experimentally in low-doped cuprates. We show that the static spiral state becomes unstable at the critical doping nc. We show also that adopting the hypothesis about the presence of finite-energy spiral correlations in the paramagnetic state above nc and based on the results obtained for the static spiral state, it is possible to understand the spin dynamics observed in the so-called pseudogap state as well as the tendencies of the doping evolution of spin excitations in cuprates from low to high doping.

  11. Infrared study of La{sub 1.92}Sr{sub 0.08}CuO{sub 4} and La{sub 1.85}Sr{sub 0.15}CuO{sub 4} single crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pignon, Bruno [Laboratoire d' Electrodynamique des Materiaux Avances, UMR 6157 CNRS-CEA, Universite Francois Rabelais, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)], E-mail: bruno.pignon@univ-tours.fr; Gruener, Gisele; Ta Phuoc, Vinh [Laboratoire d' Electrodynamique des Materiaux Avances, UMR 6157 CNRS-CEA, Universite Francois Rabelais, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France); Marin, Christophe [Departement de Recherche Fondamentale sur la Matiere Condensee, Service de Physique Statistique, Magnetisme et Supraconductivite, CEA, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France); Gervais, Francois; Ammor, Larbi [Laboratoire d' Electrodynamique des Materiaux Avances, UMR 6157 CNRS-CEA, Universite Francois Rabelais, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours (France)

    2007-09-01

    Infrared reflectivity temperature measurements have been measured on two La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} single crystals with x = 0.08 (underdoped) and x = 0.15 (optimally doped), in-plane and out-of-plane. The obtained optical conductivity results suggest the existence of the pseudo-gap phase only for the underdoped sample.

  12. Atomic scale studies of doped-hole distributions, self-organized electronic nano-domains, and electron-boson coupling in high Tc-cuprates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, James C.

    2014-05-14

    Progress is reported in these areas (titles and abstracts of journal articles produced for the contract): Exotic Density Wave in Underdoped Cuprates; Varying the inter-atomic distances within individual crystal unit-­cells of cuprates; Truncated Momentum Space Electronic Structure of Underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ; and, Visualizing Phase Fluctuating d-Wave Superconductivity in the Cuprate Pseudogap State.

  13. Local measurement of the superfluid density in the pnictide superconductor Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 across the superconducting dome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-08-12

    We measure the penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}(T) in Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} using local techniques that do not average over the sample. The superfluid density {rho}{sub s}(T) {triple_bond} 1/{lambda}{sub ab}(T){sup 2} has three main features. First, {rho}{sub s}(T = 0) falls sharply on the underdoped side of the dome. Second, {lambda}{sub ab}(T) is flat at low T at optimal doping, indicating fully gapped superconductivity, but varies more strongly in underdoped and overdoped samples, consistent with either a power law or a small second gap. Third, {rho}{sub s}(T) varies steeply near T{sub c} for optimal and underdoping. These observations are consistent with an interplay between magnetic and superconducting phases.

  14. Doping-induced change in the interlayer transport mechanism of Bi_{2}Sr_{2}CaCu_{2}O_{8+delta} near the superconducting transition temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katterwe, S O; Rydh, A; Krasnov, V M

    2008-08-22

    We perform a detailed study of temperature, bias, and doping dependence of interlayer transport in the layered high temperature superconductor Bi_{2}Sr_{2}CaCu_{2}O_{8+delta}. We observe that the shape of interlayer characteristics in underdoped crystals exhibits a remarkable crossover at the superconducting transition temperature: from thermal activation-type above T_{c} to almost T-independent quantum tunneling-type below T_{c}. Our data provide insight into the nature of interlayer transport and indicate that its mechanism changes with doping: from the conventional single quasiparticle tunneling in overdoped to a progressively increasing Cooper pair contribution in underdoped crystals.

  15. On the doping variation of the pseudogap in high- Tc cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavuna, Davor; Abrecht, Mike; Ariosa, Daniel; Margaritondo, Giorgio

    2001-11-01

    We briefly summarize well established and the latest experimental results concerning the doping dependence of the so-called pseudogap ( T*) and emphasize that surface related techniques, like ARPES or tunneling, give somewhat higher value of T* as compared to the bulk techniques, like specific heat. In the underdoped regime most theoretical models differ in extrapolating the T*-line to zero doping. As underdoped cuprates are rather inhomogeneous and the disorder plays an important role, the complete microscopic theory will have to take into account all these subtle effects.

  16. Dynamics of competing orders in YBCO triggered by ultrafast light pulses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okamoto, Junichi; Hoeppner, Robert; Zhu, Beilei; Mathey, Ludwig [Institute for Laser Physics, University of Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    In the emerging field of optically driven strongly correlated systems, laser-excited high-T{sub c} cuprates are one of the most fascinating topics. In equilibrium, the underdoped region of high-T{sub c} cuprates exhibit various competing orders, e.g., stripes, density-waves and superconductivity. In this talk, we will explore the possibility of optically controlling such competing orders. In particular, we will focus on the underdoped region of YBCO, where d-wave superconductivity and charge-density waves coexist. We will present preliminary results of numerical simulations of optically driven competing orders in the material.

  17. Muon spin rotation and infrared spectroscopy study of magnetism and superconductivity in Ba1 -xKxFe2As2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallett, B. P. P.; Wang, C. N.; Marsik, P.; Sheveleva, E.; Yazdi-Rizi, M.; Tallon, J. L.; Adelmann, P.; Wolf, Th.; Bernhard, C.

    2017-02-01

    Using muon spin rotation and infrared spectroscopy, we study the relation between magnetism and superconductivity in Ba1 -xKxFe2As2 single crystals from the underdoped to the slightly overdoped regime. We find that the Fe magnetic moment is only moderately suppressed in most of the underdoped region where it decreases more slowly than the Néel temperature TN. This applies for both the total Fe moment obtained from muon spin rotation and for the itinerant component that is deduced from the spectral weight of the spin-density-wave pair-breaking peak in the infrared response. In the moderately underdoped region, superconducting and static magnetic orders coexist on the nanoscale and compete for the same electronic states. The static magnetic moment disappears rather sharply near optimal doping, however, in the slightly overdoped region there is still an enhancement or slowing down of spin fluctuations in the superconducting state. Similar to the gap magnitude reported from specific-heat measurements, the superconducting condensate density is nearly constant in the optimally and slightly overdoped region, but exhibits a rather pronounced decrease on the underdoped side. Several of these observations are similar to the phenomenology in the electron-doped counterpart Ba (Fe1 -yCoy)2As2 .

  18. Correlation and disorder-enhanced nematic spin response in superconductors with weakly broken rotational symmetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Brian Møller; Graser, S.; Hirschfeld, P. J.

    2012-01-01

    Recent experimental and theoretical studies have highlighted the possible role of an electronic nematic liquid in underdoped cuprate superconductors. We calculate, within a model of d-wave superconductor with Hubbard correlations, the spin susceptibility in the case of a small explicitly broken...

  19. Quantum Monte Carlo study of the itinerant-localized model of strongly correlated electrons: Spin-spin correlation functions

    OpenAIRE

    Ivantsov, Ilya; Ferraz, Alvaro; Kochetov, Evgenii

    2016-01-01

    We perform quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the itinerant-localized periodic Kondo-Heisenberg model for the underdoped cuprates to calculate the associated spin correlation functions. The strong electron correlations are shown to play a key role in the abrupt destruction of the quasi long-range antiferromagnetic order in the lightly doped regime.

  20. Quantum Monte Carlo study of the itinerant-localized model of strongly correlated electrons: Spin-spin correlation functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivantsov, Ilya; Ferraz, Alvaro; Kochetov, Evgenii

    2016-12-01

    We perform quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the itinerant-localized periodic Kondo-Heisenberg model for the underdoped cuprates to calculate the associated spin correlation functions. The strong electron correlations are shown to play a key role in the abrupt destruction of the quasi-long-range antiferromagnetic order in the lightly doped regime.

  1. The rate of quasiparticle recombination probes the onset of coherence in cuprate superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, J P; Thewalt, E; Alpichshev, Z; Mahmood, F; Koralek, J D; Chan, M K; Veit, M J; Dorow, C J; Barišić, N; Kemper, A F; Bonn, D A; Hardy, W N; Liang, Ruixing; Gedik, N; Greven, M; Lanzara, A; Orenstein, J

    2016-04-13

    In the underdoped copper-oxides, high-temperature superconductivity condenses from a nonconventional metallic "pseudogap" phase that exhibits a variety of non-Fermi liquid properties. Recently, it has become clear that a charge density wave (CDW) phase exists within the pseudogap regime. This CDW coexists and competes with superconductivity (SC) below the transition temperature Tc, suggesting that these two orders are intimately related. Here we show that the condensation of the superfluid from this unconventional precursor is reflected in deviations from the predictions of BSC theory regarding the recombination rate of quasiparticles. We report a detailed investigation of the quasiparticle (QP) recombination lifetime, τqp, as a function of temperature and magnetic field in underdoped HgBa2CuO(4+δ) (Hg-1201) and YBa2Cu3O(6+x) (YBCO) single crystals by ultrafast time-resolved reflectivity. We find that τqp(T) exhibits a local maximum in a small temperature window near Tc that is prominent in underdoped samples with coexisting charge order and vanishes with application of a small magnetic field. We explain this unusual, non-BCS behavior by positing that Tc marks a transition from phase-fluctuating SC/CDW composite order above to a SC/CDW condensate below. Our results suggest that the superfluid in underdoped cuprates is a condensate of coherently-mixed particle-particle and particle-hole pairs.

  2. Kinetic energy driven pairing in cuprate superconductors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maier, TA; Jarrell, M; Macridin, A; Slezak, C

    2004-01-01

    Pairing occurs in conventional superconductors through a reduction of the electronic potential energy accompanied by an increase in kinetic energy. In the underdoped cuprates, optical experiments show that pairing is driven by a reduction of the electronic kinetic energy. Using the dynamical cluster

  3. Experimental hole densities in HgBa2Can-1CunO2n+2+delta compounds from near-edge x-ray-absorption spectroscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pellegrin, E; Fink, J; Chen, CT; Xiong, Q; Lin, QM; Chu, CW

    1996-01-01

    Near-edge x-ray-absorption spectroscopy measurements have been performed on the O K'- and Cu L-absorption edges on a series of underdoped and optimally doped HgBa2Can-1CunO2n+2+delta samples in order to get quantitative information on the changes in the electronic structure under doping with excess

  4. The rate of quasiparticle recombination probes the onset of coherence in cuprate superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinton, J. P.; Thewalt, E.; Alpichshev, Z.; Mahmood, F.; Koralek, J. D.; Chan, M. K.; Veit, M. J.; Dorow, C. J.; Barišić, N.; Kemper, A. F.; Bonn, D. A.; Hardy, W. N.; Liang, Ruixing; Gedik, N.; Greven, M.; Lanzara, A.; Orenstein, J.

    2016-04-01

    In the underdoped copper-oxides, high-temperature superconductivity condenses from a nonconventional metallic ”pseudogap” phase that exhibits a variety of non-Fermi liquid properties. Recently, it has become clear that a charge density wave (CDW) phase exists within the pseudogap regime. This CDW coexists and competes with superconductivity (SC) below the transition temperature Tc, suggesting that these two orders are intimately related. Here we show that the condensation of the superfluid from this unconventional precursor is reflected in deviations from the predictions of BSC theory regarding the recombination rate of quasiparticles. We report a detailed investigation of the quasiparticle (QP) recombination lifetime, τqp, as a function of temperature and magnetic field in underdoped HgBa2CuO4+δ (Hg-1201) and YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO) single crystals by ultrafast time-resolved reflectivity. We find that τqp(T ) exhibits a local maximum in a small temperature window near Tc that is prominent in underdoped samples with coexisting charge order and vanishes with application of a small magnetic field. We explain this unusual, non-BCS behavior by positing that Tc marks a transition from phase-fluctuating SC/CDW composite order above to a SC/CDW condensate below. Our results suggest that the superfluid in underdoped cuprates is a condensate of coherently-mixed particle-particle and particle-hole pairs.

  5. Fine doping and temperature dependent ARPES study in deeply undersoped LSCO system

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Yu; He, Ruihua; Hashimoto, Makoto; Mo, Sung-Kwan; Komiya, Seiki; Shen, Zhi-Xun

    2013-03-01

    Deeply underdoped cuprates are known to be a host system for strong electron-phonon coupling physics. Set in the picture of lightly doped Mott insulator, extremely underdoped cuprates show prevailing evidence of polaron formation, as a natural result of strong bosonic interaction, which have gained support from both optical and transport measurements. Based on K. Shen and O. Roesch's pioneering work, we further studied fine doping and temperature dependence in the low-doping LSCO system, where antiferromagnetism and spin glass phases still persist. In this work, we will discuss the change in Fermi velocity in terms of doping, evolution of nodal gap as function of temperature and the possible contribution from lattice/spin degree of freedom in light of the small polaron's existence. Comparison with similar observations in manganites and iron-chalcogenides will be discussed to further address the ubiquity of the polaron physics in strongly correlated electron systems.

  6. Mean field theory of high Tc cuprate superconductivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Maki

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available   Two decades ago the epoch making discovery of high Tc cuprate superconductivity by Bednorz and Müller shocked the world’s superconductivity community. However, already in 1979 and 1980, the first heavy fermion superconductor CeCu2Si2 and organic superconductor (TMTSF2PF6 have been discovered respectively. Also we know now that all these superconductors are unconventional and nodal. Further the quasiparticles in the normal state in these systems are Fermi liquids and the superconducting states are described in terms of generalized BCS wave function. Also the pseudogap phase in underdoped high Tc cuprates is described in terms of d-wave density wave. This implies necessarily that the superconductivity in underdoped cuprates is gossamer (i.e. d-wave superconductivity coexists with d-wave density wave. We shall present some quantitative tests of these new concepts, notions and ideas.

  7. Ultraslow fluctuations in the pseudogap states of HgBa2CaCu2O6 +δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itoh, Yutaka; Machi, Takato; Yamamoto, Ayako

    2017-03-01

    We report the transverse relaxation rates 1 /T2 's of the 63Cu nuclear spin-echo envelope for double-layer high-Tc cuprate superconductors HgBa2CaCu2O6 +δ from underdoped to overdoped. The relaxation rate 1 /T2 L of the exponential function (Lorentzian component) shows a peak at 220 -240 K in the underdoped (Tc=103 K) and the optimally doped (Tc=127 K) samples but no peak in the overdoped (Tc=93 K) sample. The enhancement in 1 /T2 L suggests a development of the zero frequency components of local field fluctuations. Ultraslow fluctuations are hidden in the pseudogap states.

  8. Charge orders, magnetism and pairings in the cuprate superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kloss, T; Montiel, X; de Carvalho, V S; Freire, H; Pépin, C

    2016-08-01

    We review the recent developments in the field of cuprate superconductors with special focus on the recently observed charge order in the underdoped compounds. We introduce new theoretical developments following the study of the antiferromagnetic quantum critical point in two dimensions, in which preemptive orders in both charge and superconducting (SC) sectors emerge, that are in turn related by an SU(2) symmetry. We consider the implications of this proliferation of orders in the underdoped region, and provide a study of the type of fluctuations which characterize the SU(2) symmetry. We identify an intermediate energy scale where the SC fluctuations are dominant and argue that they are unstable towards the formation of a resonant excitonic state at the pseudogap temperature T (*). We discuss the implications of this scenario for a few key experiments.

  9. Avoided criticality in near-optimally doped high-temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haule, Kristjan; Kotliar, Gabriel

    2007-09-01

    We study the crossover from the underdoped to the overdoped regime of the t-J model within a plaquette dynamical mean field approach. We find that the shortest electron lifetime occurs near optimal doping where the superconducting critical temperature is maximal. The mean field theory provides a simple physical picture of this effect. In the underdoped regime, the charge carriers propagate coherently among spin singlets, formed by the superexchange interaction. In the overdoped, large carrier concentration regime, the Kondo effect dominates resulting in spin-charge composite quasiparticles which are also coherent. Separating these two Fermi liquid regimes, there is a critical doping where the superexchange and the Kondo interaction balance each other. At this point, the normal phase is highly incoherent and the optical conductivity exhibits power law behavior at intermediate frequencies. The onset of superconductivity restores coherence, causing the appearance of a resonance in the spin channel.

  10. Effects of impurities and vortices on the low-energy spin excitations in high-Tc materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Brian Møller; Graser, S.; Schmid, M.

    2011-01-01

    We review a theoretical scenario for the origin of the spin-glass phase of underdoped cuprate materials. In particular it is shown how disorder in a correlated d-wave superconductor generates a magnetic phase by inducing local droplets of antiferromagnetic order which eventually merge and form a ...... disorder and/or applied magnetic fields lead to a slowing down of the dynamical spin fluctuations in agreement with neutron scattering and muon spin rotation (mSR) experiments....

  11. Indelible Rules of Josephson Coupling Energy and Zero-Point Energy in High-Tc Cuprates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Fu-Sui; CHEN Wan-Fang

    2004-01-01

    This paper shows that the Josephson coupling energy and the zero-point energy have indelible rules on the superfluid density and the superconductivity in the high-Tc cuprates.This paper also shows that the values of Tc at underdoped and overdoped regions are determined by the damage conditions of the phase coherence in the classical and the quantum XY-models,respectively.

  12. Thermodynamic Critical Field and Superconducting Fluctuation of Vortices for High Temperature Cuprate Superconductor: La-214

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finnemore, Douglas K. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Thermodynamics has been studied systematically for the high temperature cuprate superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4-δ, La-214, in the entire superconductive region from strongly underdoped to strongly overdoped regimes. Magnetization studies with H $\\parallel$ c have been made in order to investigate the changes in free energy of the system as the number of carriers is reduced. Above the superconducting transition temperature, the normal-state magnetization exhibits a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic behavior. Below Tc, magnetization data are thermodynamically reversible over large portions of the H-T plane, so the free energy is well defined in these regions. As the Sr concentration is varied over the wide range from 0.060 (strongly underdoped) to 0.234 (strongly overdoped), the free energy change goes through a maximum at the optimum doped in a manner similar to the Tc0 vs. x curve. The density of states, N(0), remains nearly constant in the overdoped and optimum doped regimes, taking a broad maximum around x = 0.188, and then drops abruptly towards zero in the underdoped regime. The La2-xSrxCuO4 (La-214) system displays the fluctuating vortex behavior with the characteristic of either 2D or 3D fluctuations as indicated by clearly identifiable crossing points T* close to Tc. The dimensional character of the fluctuations depends on both applied magnetic fields and the density of charge carriers. The dimensional crossover from 2D to 3D occurs in the strongly underdoped regime when the c-axis coherence distance ξc becomes comparable to the spacing between adjacent CuO2 layers s at sufficiently high magnetic field near Hc2.

  13. Modification of superconducting and resistive properties of HoBa2Cu3O7-δ single crystals under application-removal of high hydrostatic pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vovk, R. V.; Khadzhai, G. Ya.; Dobrovolskiy, O. V.; Kamchatna, S. N.; Chroneos, A.

    2016-06-01

    The influence of a high hydrostatic pressure on the basal-plane electrical resistance along the twin boundaries in underdoped HoBa2Cu3O7-δ single crystals is investigated. An enhancement of the phase segregation caused by the high-pressure-induced redistribution of the labile oxygen has been revealed. The temperature dependences of the electrical resistance above Tc can be approximated well within the framework of the model of s - d electron-phonon scattering.

  14. Damped spin excitations in a doped cuprate superconductor with orbital hybridization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivashko, O.; Shaik, N. E.; Lu, X.

    2017-01-01

    A resonant inelastic x-ray scattering study of overdamped spin excitations in slightly underdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) with x = 0.12 and 0.145 is presented. Three high-symmetry directions have been investigated: (1) the antinodal (0,0) -> (½,0), (2) the nodal (0,0) -> (¼, ¼), and (3) the zone-boun...

  15. Superfluid density in cuprates: hints on gauge compositeness of the holes

    CERN Document Server

    Marchetti, P A

    2016-01-01

    We show that several features (the three-dimensional XY universality for moderate underdoping, the almost-BCS behaviour for moderate overdoping and the critical exponent) of the superfluid density in hole-doped cuprates hint at a composite structure of the holes. This idea can be implemented in a spin-charge gauge approach to the $t - t' - J$ model and provides indeed good agreement with available experimental data.

  16. The c—Axis Infrared Conductivity of a dx2—y2— Wave Superconductor with the Hopping Assisted by the Spin Fluctuations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LOUPing; CAOLie-Zhao; 等

    2002-01-01

    A theory of the c-axis infrared conductivity of a dx2-y2- wave superconductor due to the competition between the interlayer direct hopping and the hopping assisted by the spin fluctuations has been developed.The prediction of our theory captures the main feature of the experiment.Thus we argue that the anomalous behavior of the c-axis infrared conductivity of the underdoped cuprates in superconducting state may be properly understood within the theory.

  17. Thermodynamic Critical Field and Superconducting Fluctuation of Vortices for High Temperature Cuprate Superconductor: La-214

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas K. Finnemore

    2001-06-25

    Thermodynamics has been studied systematically for the high temperature cuprate superconductor La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4-{delta}}, La-214, in the entire superconductive region from strongly underdoped to strongly overdoped regimes. Magnetization studies with H {parallel} c have been made in order to investigate the changes in free energy of the system as the number of carriers is reduced. Above the superconducting transition temperature, the normal-state magnetization exhibits a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic behavior. Below T{sub c}, magnetization data are thermodynamically reversible over large portions of the H-T plane, so the free energy is well defined in these regions. As the Sr concentration is varied over the wide range from 0.060 (strongly underdoped) to 0.234 (strongly overdoped), the free energy change goes through a maximum at the optimum doped in a manner similar to the T{sub c0} vs. x curve. The density of states, N(0), remains nearly constant in the overdoped and optimum doped regimes, taking a broad maximum around x = 0.188, and then drops abruptly towards zero in the underdoped regime. The La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} (La-214) system displays the fluctuating vortex behavior with the characteristic of either 2D or 3D fluctuations as indicated by clearly identifiable crossing points T* close to T{sub c}. The dimensional character of the fluctuations depends on both applied magnetic fields and the density of charge carriers. The dimensional crossover from 2D to 3D occurs in the strongly underdoped regime when the c-axis coherence distance {xi}{sub c} becomes comparable to the spacing between adjacent CuO{sub 2} layers s at sufficiently high magnetic field near H{sub c2}.

  18. Thermodynamic Critical Field and Superconducting Fluctuation of Vortices for High Temperature Cuprate Superconductor: La-214

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yung Moo Huh

    2001-05-01

    Thermodynamics has been studied systematically for the high temperature cuprate superconductor La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4-{delta}}, La-214, in the entire superconductive region from strongly underdoped to strongly overdoped regimes. Magnetization studies with H{parallel}c have been made in order to investigate the changes in free energy of the system as the number of carriers is reduced. Above the superconducting transition temperature, the normal-state magnetization exhibits a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic behavior. Below T{sub c}, magnetization data are thermodynamically reversible over large portions of the H-T plane, so the free energy is well defined in these regions. As the Sr concentration is varied over the wide range from 0.060 (strongly underdoped) to 0.234 (strongly overdoped), the free energy change goes through a maximum at the optimum doped in a manner similar to the T{sub c0} vs. x curve. The density of states, N(0), remains nearly constant in the overdoped and optimum doped regimes, taking a broad maximum around x = 0.188, and then drops abruptly towards zero in the underdoped regime. The La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} (La-214) system displays the fluctuating vortex behavior with the characteristic of either 2D or 3D fluctuations as indicated by clearly identifiable crossing points T* close to T{sub c}. The dimensional character of the fluctuations depends on both applied magnetic fields and the density of charge carriers. The dimensional crossover from 2D to 3D occurs in the strongly underdoped regime when the c-axis coherence distance {zeta}{sub c} becomes comparable to the spacing between adjacent CuO{sub 2} layers s at sufficiently high magnetic fields near H{sub c2}.

  19. The doping dependence of T* - what is the real high-Tc phase diagram?

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Underdoped high-Tc superconductors are frequently characterised by a temperature, T*, below which the normal-state pseudogap opens. Two different "phase diagrams" based on the doping (p) dependence of T* are currently considered: one where T* falls to zero at a critical doping state and the other where T* merges with Tc in the overdoped region. By examining the temperature dependence of the NMR Knight shift and relaxation rate, entropy, resistivity, infrared conductivity, Raman scattering, AR...

  20. Effects of doping on superconducting gap anisotropy in Bi_2Sr2 CaCu_2O8+x

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onellion, Marshall; Ma, Jian; Quitmann, Christoph; Kelley, R. J.; Kendziora, C.; Larosa, S.; Berger, H.; Margaritondo, G.

    1996-03-01

    We report on recent fabrication of Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_8+x single crystals that span the phase diagram from insulators, all of the underdoped part, and as far into the overdoped part as a superconducting transition temperature, T_c=55K.[1,2] Optimally doped and overdoped samples exhibit narrow susceptibility transition widths. However, the c-axis between insulators-underdoped-optimally doped materials is almost identical, indicating that oxygen is added and removed from different part of the unit cell.[1,2] We have studied the superconducting gap anisotropy for optimally doped and overdoped samples. We find that the ratio gap along the (0,π)direction to that along the (π,π) is 20:1 for optimally doped or slightly underdoped samples, consistent with earlier report. The gap along the (π,π) direction is indistiguishable from zero. However, for somewhat overdoped samples, the gap anisotropy is 2:1, with the smaller gap 10meV, definitely non-zero.

  1. Fermi liquid behavior of the in-plane resistivity in the pseudogap state of YBa2Cu4O8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proust, Cyril; Vignolle, Baptiste; Levallois, Julien; Adachi, S.; Hussey, Nigel E.

    2016-11-01

    Our knowledge of the ground state of underdoped hole-doped cuprates has evolved considerably over the last few years. There is now compelling evidence that, inside the pseudogap phase, charge order breaks translational symmetry leading to a reconstructed Fermi surface made of small pockets. Quantum oscillations [Doiron-Leyraud N, et al. (2007) Nature 447(7144):565-568], optical conductivity [Mirzaei SI, et al. (2013) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(15):5774-5778], and the validity of Wiedemann-Franz law [Grissonnache G, et al. (2016) Phys Rev B 93:064513] point to a Fermi liquid regime at low temperature in the underdoped regime. However, the observation of a quadratic temperature dependence in the electrical resistivity at low temperatures, the hallmark of a Fermi liquid regime, is still missing. Here, we report magnetoresistance measurements in the magnetic-field-induced normal state of underdoped YBa2Cu4O8 that are consistent with a T2 resistivity extending down to 1.5 K. The magnitude of the T2 coefficient, however, is much smaller than expected for a single pocket of the mass and size observed in quantum oscillations, implying that the reconstructed Fermi surface must consist of at least one additional pocket.

  2. Universal features in the photoemission spectroscopy of high-temperature superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Junjing; Chatterjee, Utpal; Ai, Dingfei; Hinks, David G; Zheng, Hong; Gu, G D; Castellan, John-Paul; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Claus, Helmut; Norman, Michael R; Randeria, Mohit; Campuzano, Juan Carlos

    2013-10-29

    The energy gap for electronic excitations is one of the most important characteristics of the superconducting state, as it directly reflects the pairing of electrons. In the copper-oxide high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs), a strongly anisotropic energy gap, which vanishes along high-symmetry directions, is a clear manifestation of the d-wave symmetry of the pairing. There is, however, a dramatic change in the form of the gap anisotropy with reduced carrier concentration (underdoping). Although the vanishing of the gap along the diagonal to the square Cu-O bond directions is robust, the doping dependence of the large gap along the Cu-O directions suggests that its origin might be different from pairing. It is thus tempting to associate the large gap with a second-order parameter distinct from superconductivity. We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to show that the two-gap behavior and the destruction of well-defined electronic excitations are not universal features of HTSCs, and depend sensitively on how the underdoped materials are prepared. Depending on cation substitution, underdoped samples either show two-gap behavior or not. In contrast, many other characteristics of HTSCs, such as the dome-like dependence of on doping, long-lived excitations along the diagonals to the Cu-O bonds, and an energy gap at the Brillouin zone boundary that decreases monotonically with doping while persisting above (the pseudogap), are present in all samples, irrespective of whether they exhibit two-gap behavior or not. Our results imply that universal aspects of high- superconductivity are relatively insensitive to differences in the electronic states along the Cu-O bond directions.

  3. Simultaneous quasiparticle and Josephson tunneling in BSCCO-2212 break junctions.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozyuzer, L.

    1998-10-27

    Tunneling measurements are reported for superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) break junctions on underdoped, optimally-doped, and overdoped single crystals of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} (Bi-2212). The junction I-V characteristics exhibit well-defined quasiparticle current jumps at eV = 2A as well as hysteretic Josephson currents. The quasiparticle branch has been analyzed in the framework of d{sub x{sup 2}-y{sup 2}} (d-wave) superconductivity and indicates that there is preferential tunneling along the lobe directions of the d-wave gap. For overdoped Bi-2212 with T{sub c} = 62 K, the Josephson current is measured as a function of junction resistance, R{sub n}, which varied by two orders of magnitude (1 k{Omega} to 100 k{Omega}). I{sub c}R{sub n} product is proportional to the 0.47 power of I{sub c} and displays a maximum of 7.0 mV. When the hole doping is decreased from overdoped (T{sub c} = 62 K) to the underdoped regime (T{sub c} = 70 K), the average I{sub c}R{sub n} product increases as does the quasiparticle gap. The maximum I{sub c}R{sub n} is {approximately} 40% of the {Delta}/e at each doping level, with a value as high as 25 mV in underdoped Bi-2212.

  4. Insights into the phase diagram of high-temperature superconductors obtained by terahertz spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheuch, Martin; Frischkorn, Christian [Fachbereich Physik, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Fritz-Haber-Institut, MPG, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Perfetti, Luca [Laboratoire des Solides Irradies, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau cedex (France); Wolf, Martin; Kampfrath, Tobias [Fritz-Haber-Institut, MPG, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    High resolution data of the electron scattering rate {tau}{sup -1}({omega},T) in the range of 10 to 35 THz and 30 to 320 K measured by THz-transmission spectroscopy on optimally doped and underdoped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} samples show the doping dependence of the superconducting gap. In addition a second doping-dependent kink at temperatures above the critical temperature T{sub c} is observed. This feature correlates to the pseudo-gap as its temperature fits to the phase diagram obtained with other techniques.

  5. Chiral charge order from interlayer tunneling in the hole doped cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maharaj, Akash; Raghu, Srinivas

    2014-03-01

    We show how charge density waves in layered materials can be gyrotropic, i.e. break spatial inversion and all mirror symmetries. This order is stabilized by coherent interlayer tunneling whose amplitude depends on in-plane momentum. We present mean field calculations which demonstrate the presence of this chiral configuration of charge density waves, and justify these results using a Landau-Ginzburg theory. The implications for recent experiments (e.g. Kerr, X-ray etc.) in underdoped YBCO are also discussed. DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, under Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

  6. Multiple Bosonic Mode Coupling in Electron Self-Energy of (La_2-xSr_x)CuO_4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, X.J.

    2010-06-02

    High resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy data with significantly improved statistics reveal tne structure in the electron self-energy of the underdoped (La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}) CuO{sub 4} (x=0.03, 0.036 and 0.07) samples in the normal state. Four fine structure have been identified near 27, 45, 61 and 75 meV. These features show good correspondence to the structure in the phonon density of states as measured from neutron scattering.

  7. Accessing the entire overdoped regime in pristine YBa2Cu3O6 +x by application of pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alireza, P. L.; Zhang, G. H.; Guo, W.; Porras, J.; Loew, T.; Hsu, Y.-T.; Lonzarich, G. G.; Le Tacon, M.; Keimer, B.; Sebastian, Suchitra E.

    2017-03-01

    We uncover the previously inaccessible overdoped regime to attain the complete superconducting dome in a pristine high temperature cuprate superconductor, by applying pressures up to 280 kbar to single crystals near stoichiometric YBa2Cu3O7 . The obtained superconducting phase boundary as a function of hole doping closely follows the form of the superconducting dome in La2 -xSrxCuO4 . Measurements are now enabled to trace the evolution of various entangled phases and the Fermi surface from the underdoped to overdoped regime in a single high purity cuprate superconducting family of materials.

  8. Isotope effect in the superfluid density of high-temperature superconducting cuprates: stripes, pseudogap, and impurities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallon, J L; Islam, R S; Storey, J; Williams, G V M; Cooper, J R

    2005-06-17

    Underdoped cuprates exhibit a normal-state pseudogap, and their spins and doped carriers tend to spatially separate into 1D or 2D stripes. Some view these as central to superconductivity and others as peripheral and merely competing. Using La(2-x)Sr(x)Cu(1-y)Zn(y)O4 we show that an oxygen isotope effect in Tc and in the superfluid density can be used to distinguish between the roles of stripes and pseudogap and also to detect the presence of impurity scattering. We conclude that stripes and pseudogap are distinct, and both compete and coexist with superconductivity.

  9. Superfluid density and superconducting transition temperature in Bi-based cuprate single crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasparov, L.; Tanner, D.; Berger, H.; Forro, L.; Margaritondo, G.

    2000-03-01

    We present temperature-dependent reflectance measurements for Bi-based cuprate single crystals in the frequency range from 100 to 40,000 cm-1 (0.012--5 eV). The optical conductivity is obtained by Kramers-Kronig analysis. We compare differently doped Bi-2212 (particularly in the underdoped regime) as well as Pr-doped Bi-2212 crystals by analyzing optical conductivity in the framework of a two-fluid approach. This approach allows us to study correlations between superfluid density and superconducting transition temperature of these materials.

  10. Doping-Induced Change of Superconducting Gap Anisotropy in Bi_2Sr_2Ca_1Cu_2O8+δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, R. J.; Quitmann, C.; Onellion, M.; Berger, H.; Almeras, P.; Margaritondo, G.

    1996-03-01

    High-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurements were performed on single crystals of Bi_2Sr_2Ca_1Cu_2O8+δ with different oxygen stoichiometries. The data establish that the gap anisotropy (ratio of the gap along Gamma-M to the gap along Gamma-X) can be reversibly changed from ~20:1 (optimal or underdoped) to ~2:1 (overdoped). Differences in sample doping explain the conflicting reports on gap anisotropy in the literature. Possible effects of this change in gap anisotropy on the symmetry of the order parameter are discussed. There remains some ambiguity as to the relation between the order parameter and doping.

  11. Magnetic dispersion of the diagonal incommensurate phase in lightly doped La2-xSrxCuO4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuda, M; Fujita, M; Wakimoto, S; Fernandez-Baca, J A; Tranquada, J M; Yamada, K

    2008-11-07

    We present inelastic neutron scattering experiments on a single-domain crystal of lightly doped La1.96Sr0.04CuO4. We find that the magnetic excitation spectrum in this insulating phase with a diagonal incommensurate spin modulation is remarkably similar to that in the superconducting regime, where the spin modulation is bond parallel. In particular, we find that the dispersion slope at low energy is essentially independent of doping and temperature over a significant range. The energy at which the excitations cross the commensurate antiferromagnetic wave vector increases roughly linearly with doping through the underdoped regime.

  12. Magnetic Dispersion of the Diagonal Incommensurate Phase in Lightly Doped La2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuda, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA); Fujita, M. [Tohoku University, Japan; Wakimoto, S [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA); Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A [ORNL; Tranquada, John M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Yamada, K. [Tohoku University, Japan

    2008-01-01

    We present inelastic neutron scattering experiments on a single-domain crystal of lightly doped La1:96Sr0:04CuO4. We find that the magnetic excitation spectrum in this insulating phase with a diagonal incommensurate spin modulation is remarkably similar to that in the superconducting regime, where the spin modulation is bond parallel. In particular, we find that the dispersion slope at low energy is essentially independent of doping and temperature over a significant range. The energy at which the excitations cross the commensurate antiferromagnetic wave vector increases roughly linearly with doping through the underdoped regime.

  13. Doping and temperature dependence of the mass enhancement observed in the cuprate Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, P D; Valla, T; Fedorov, A V; Yusof, Z; Wells, B O; Li, Q; Moodenbaugh, A R; Gu, G D; Koshizuka, N; Kendziora, C; Jian, S; Hinks, D G

    2001-10-22

    High-resolution photoemission is used to study the electronic structure of the cuprate superconductor, Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta), as a function of hole doping and temperature. A kink observed in the band dispersion in the nodal line in the superconducting state is associated with coupling to a resonant mode observed in neutron scattering. From the measured real part of the self-energy it is possible to extract a coupling constant which is largest in the underdoped regime, then decreasing continuously into the overdoped regime.

  14. Incommensurate Antiferromagnetism in the Extended t-J Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Ying; MA Tian-Xing; FENG Shi-Ping; CHEN Wei-Yeu

    2002-01-01

    The effect of the extra second neighbor hopping t' on the incommensurate spin correlation in the t-J modelin the underdoped regime is studied within the fermion-spin theory. It is shown that although the extra second neighborhopping t' is systematically accompanied with the increasing of the weight of the incommensurate peaks in the dynamicalspin structure factor, for the physical reasonable small value of t' the qualitative behavior of the incommensurate spincorrelation in the t-t'-J model is the same as in the case of t-J model.

  15. Proposed chiral texture of the magnetic moments of unit-cell loop currents in the pseudogap phase of cuprate superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pershoguba, Sergey S; Kechedzhi, Kostyantyn; Yakovenko, Victor M

    2013-07-26

    We propose a novel chiral order parameter to explain the unusual polar Kerr effect in underdoped cuprates. It is based on the loop-current model by Varma, which is characterized by the in-plane anapole moment N and exhibits the magnetoelectric effect. We propose a helical structure where the vector N(n) in the layer n is twisted by the angle π/2 relative to N(n-1), thus breaking inversion symmetry. We show that coupling between magnetoelectric terms in the neighboring layers for this structure produces optical gyrotropy, which results in circular dichroism and the polar Kerr effect.

  16. Anisotropic evolution of energy gap in Bi2212 superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durajski, A. P.

    2016-10-01

    We present a systematic analysis of the energy gap in underdoped Bi2212 superconductor as a function of temperature and hole doping level. Within the framework of the theoretical model containing the electron-phonon and electron-electron-phonon pairing mechanism, we reproduced the measurement results of modern ARPES experiments with very high accuracy. We showed that the energy-gap amplitude is very weakly dependent on the temperature but clearly dependent on the level of doping. The evidence for a non-zero energy gap above the critical temperature, referred to as a pseudogap, was also obtained.

  17. Terahertz oscillations in mercury cuprate superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Z GüVENOZDEM Özdemir; Ö Aslan; Ü Onbaşli

    2009-10-01

    It has been recently reported that the three-dimensional Bose–Einstein condensation of the quasi-particles is valid for the mercury cuprates at liquid helium temperature. In this study, the validity of the interlayer theory in three dimensions has been investigated for optimally oxygen-doped mercury cuprates at the temperature interval of 0–15 K. Furthermore, some thermodynamic and electrodynamics parameters of mercury cuprates have been calculated for both the under-doped and the over-doped samples at the vicinity of 4.2 K. Moreover, it has been determined that the superconducting system behaves as a terahertz wave cavity regardless of the oxygen doping concentration.

  18. Spectroscopic evidence for Fermi liquid-like energy and temperature dependence of the relaxation rate in the pseudogap phase of the cuprates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaei, Seyed Iman; Stricker, Damien; Hancock, Jason N; Berthod, Christophe; Georges, Antoine; van Heumen, Erik; Chan, Mun K; Zhao, Xudong; Li, Yuan; Greven, Martin; Barišić, Neven; van der Marel, Dirk

    2013-04-09

    Cuprate high-Tc superconductors exhibit enigmatic behavior in the nonsuperconducting state. For carrier concentrations near "optimal doping" (with respect to the highest Tcs) the transport and spectroscopic properties are unlike those of a Landau-Fermi liquid. On the Mott-insulating side of the optimal carrier concentration, which corresponds to underdoping, a pseudogap removes quasi-particle spectral weight from parts of the Fermi surface and causes a breakup of the Fermi surface into disconnected nodal and antinodal sectors. Here, we show that the near-nodal excitations of underdoped cuprates obey Fermi liquid behavior. The lifetime τ(ω, T) of a quasi-particle depends on its energy ω as well as on the temperature T. For a Fermi liquid, 1/τ(ω, T) is expected to collapse on a universal function proportional to (ℏω)(2) + (pπk(B)T)(2). Magneto-transport experiments, which probe the properties in the limit ω = 0, have provided indications for the presence of a T(2) dependence of the dc (ω = 0) resistivity of different cuprate materials. However, Fermi liquid behavior is very much about the energy dependence of the lifetime, and this can only be addressed by spectroscopic techniques. Our optical experiments confirm the aforementioned universal ω- and T dependence of 1/τ(ω, T), with p ∼ 1.5. Our data thus provide a piece of evidence in favor of a Fermi liquid-like scenario of the pseudogap phase of the cuprates.

  19. Thermodynamic Critical Field and Superconducting Fluctuation of Vortices for High Temperature Cuprate Superconductor La-214

    CERN Document Server

    Yung Moo Hu

    2001-01-01

    charge carriers. The dimensional crossover from 2D to 3D occurs in the strongly underdoped regime when the c-axis coherence distance zeta sub c becomes comparable to the spacing between adjacent CuO sub 2 layers s at sufficiently high magnetic fields near H sub c sub 2. Thermodynamics has been studied systematically for the high temperature cuprate superconductor La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x CuO sub 4 sub - subdelta, La-214, in the entire superconductive region from strongly underdoped to strongly overdoped regimes. Magnetization studies with H(parallel)c have been made in order to investigate the changes in free energy of the system as the number of carriers is reduced. Above the superconducting transition temperature, the normal-state magnetization exhibits a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic behavior. Below T sub c , magnetization data are thermodynamically reversible over large portions of the H-T plane, so the free energy is well defined in these regions. As the Sr concentration is varied ove...

  20. Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance study of La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x Cu sub 1 sub - sub y Zn sub y O sub 4 (x=0.10, 0.15 and 0.20). Zn-induced wipeout effect near the magnetic and electric instability

    CERN Document Server

    Yamagata, H; Nakamura, K; Matsumura, M; Itoh, Y

    2003-01-01

    We studied Zn-substitution effect on the high-T sub c superconductors, underdoped La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x Cu sub 1 sub - sub y Zn sub y O sub 4 (x=0.10; y=0, 0.01, 0.02), optimally doped (x=0.15; y=0, 0.02), and overdoped (x=0.20; y=0, 0.03, 0.06) in a temperature range of T=4.2-300 K, using Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spin-echo technique. We found full disappearance of the Cu NQR signals for the Zn-substituted, Sr-underdoped x=0.10 samples below about 40 K, partial disappearance for the Sr-optimally doped ones below about 50 K, but not for the overdoped x=0.20 ones. From the Zn-doping, the Sr-doping and the temperature dependence of the wipeout effect, we associate the wipeout effect with Zn-induced Curie magnetism or its extended glassy charge-spin stripe formation. (author)

  1. A revision of the fishtail effect in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7−δ} crystals and its connection with vortex dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pérez Daroca, D. [Gerencia de Investigación y Aplicaciones, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica and CONICET, Av. General Paz 1499, 1650 San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Pasquini, G., E-mail: pasquini@df.uba.ar [Departamento de Física, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IFIBA, CONICET, Pabellon 1, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • A critical revision of the accepted fishtail magnetization picture in YBCO crystals. • In slightly underdoped YBCO crystals the fishtail has a dynamic origin. • We show correlation between fishtail magnetization, Peak Effect and history effects. • We propose that the fishtail indicates a crossover between two plastic creep regimes. - Abstract: The fishtail magnetization observed in many type II superconductors has been investigated since the earliest nineties and associated with different phase transitions and dynamic crossovers in complex vortex matter. In systems without a sharp order–disorder phase transition, the fishtail has been related with a crossover from elastic to plastic vortex creep regimes. In this paper we perform a critical revision of this accepted picture. We show that, in slightly underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7−δ} single crystals, there is a clear correlation between the fishtail magnetization and the Peak Effect observed in ac experiments with the associated history effects. We propose that both features are originated in the same dynamic crossover, between two plastic creep regimes. The proposed picture can also apply to other system, as those belonging to same families of iron-based pnictides.

  2. Low temperature London penetration depth and superfluid density in Fe-based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyunsoo [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2013-01-01

    The superconducting gap symmetry of the Fe-based superconductors was studied by measurements and analysis of London penetration depth and super uid density. Tunnel diode resonator technique for these measurements was implemented in a dilution refrigerator allowing for the temperatures down to 50 mK. For the analysis of the super uid density, we used both experimental studies of Al-coated samples and original thermodynamic approach based on Rutgers relation. In three systems studied, we found that the superconducting gap at the optimal doping is best described in multi-gap full gap scenario. By performing experiments on samples with arti cially introduced disorder with heavy ion irradiation, we show that evolution of the superconducting transition temperature and of the super uid density are consistent with full-gap sign changing s superconducting state. The superconducting gap develops strong modulation both in the under-doped and the over-doped regimes. In the terminal hole-doped KFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}, both temperature dependence of the super uid density and its evolution with increase of the scattering rate are consistent with symmetry imposed vertical line nodes in the superconducting gap. By comparative studies of hole-doped (Ba,K)Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and electron-doped Ca10-3-8, we show that the superconducting gap modulation in the under-doped regime is intrinsic and is not induced by the coexisting static magnetic order.

  3. High pressure effects revisited for the cuprate superconductor family with highest critical temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Ayako; Takeshita, Nao; Terakura, Chieko; Tokura, Yoshinori

    2015-12-01

    How to enhance the superconducting critical temperature (Tc) has been a primary issue since the discovery of superconductivity. The highest Tc reported so far is 166 K in HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ (Hg1223) at high pressure of 23 GPa, as determined with the reduction onset, but not zero, of resistivity. To clarify the possible condition of the real maximum Tc, it is worth revisiting the effects of pressure on Tc in the highest Tc family. Here we report a systematic study of the pressure dependence of Tc in HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ (Hg1212) and Hg1223 with the doping level from underdoped to overdoped. The Tc with zero resistivity is probed with a cubic-anvil-type apparatus that can produce hydrostatic pressures. Variation, not only increase but also decrease, of Tc in Hg1212 and Hg1223 with pressure strongly depends on the initial doping levels. In particular, we confirm a maximum Tc of 153 K at 22 GPa in slightly underdoped Hg1223.

  4. Size and topology of Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2O_8+x Fermi surface versus doping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larosa, S.; Berger, H.; Margaritondo, G.; Kendziora, C.; Kelley, R. J.; Chubukov, A.; Onellion, M.

    1996-03-01

    We have studied the size and topology of the Fermi surface of Bi_2Sr2 CaCu_2O_8+x single crystal samples from underdoped samples with superconducting transition temperature, T_c=20K to overdoped samples with T_c=55K.[1] Compared to optimally doped samples, underdoped samples exhibit: * a reduction in the size of the Fermi surface by at least a factor of (x10); * a much weaker extended van Hove singularity around the (π,0) and conjugate points; * the large Fermi surface section around the X-point (π,π) are collapsed to small sections around the (π/2,π/2), while that around the Y-point (π,-π) remains but is much (x4) smaller.[2] These data are in excellent agreement with the calculations of A. Chubukov.[3] Our data indicate that the shadow band arises from short-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) fluctuations; the data are consistent with either a structural or a long-range AFM model to explain the shadow band. Finally, we find that the light polarization symmetry of the Fermi surface electronic states in the (π,±π) directions depends on the doping level.[2,4

  5. Neutron scattering study of spin ordering and stripe pinning in superconducting La1.93Sr0.07CuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobsen, H.; Zaliznyak, I. A.; Savici, A. T.; Winn, B. L.; Chang, S.; Hücker, M.; Gu, G. D.; Tranquada, J. M.

    2015-11-01

    The relationships among charge order, spin fluctuations, and superconductivity in underdoped cuprates remain controversial. We use neutron scattering techniques to study these phenomena in La1.93Sr0.07CuO4 , a superconductor with a transition temperature of Tc=20 K. At T ≪Tc we find incommensurate spin fluctuations with a quasielastic energy spectrum and no sign of a gap within the energy range from 0.2 to 15 meV. A weak elastic magnetic component grows below ˜10 K, consistent with results from local probes. Regarding the atomic lattice, we have discovered unexpectedly strong fluctuations of the CuO6 octahedra about Cu-O bonds, which are associated with inequivalent O sites within the CuO2 planes. Furthermore, we observed a weak elastic (3 3 ¯0 ) superlattice peak that implies a reduced lattice symmetry. The presence of inequivalent O sites rationalizes various pieces of evidence for charge stripe order in underdoped La2 -xSrxCuO4 . The coexistence of superconductivity with quasistatic spin-stripe order suggests the presence of intertwined orders; however, the rotation of the stripe orientation away from the Cu-O bonds might be connected with evidence for a finite gap at the nodal points of the superconducting gap function.

  6. Quantum critical point in SmO(1-x)F(x)FeAs and oxygen vacancy induced by high fluorine dopant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Jie; Chu, Shengqi; Chu, Wangsheng; Xu, Wei; Zhou, Jing; Zhang, Linjuan; Zhao, Haifeng; Liu, Ronghua; Chen, Xianhui; Marcelli, Augusto; Wu, Ziyu

    2011-09-01

    The local lattice and electronic structure of the high-T(c) superconductor SmO(1-x)F(x)FeAs as a function of F-doping have been investigated by Sm L(3)-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure and multiple-scattering calculations. Experiments performed at the L(3)-edge show that the white line (WL) is very sensitive to F-doping. In the under-doped region (x ≤ 0.12) the WL intensity increases with doping and then it suddenly starts decreasing at x = 0.15. Meanwhile, the trend of the WL linewidth versus F-doping levels is just contrary to that of the intensity. The phenomenon is almost coincident with the quantum critical point occurring in SmO(1-x)F(x)FeAs at x ≃ 0.14. In the under-doped region the increase of the intensity is related to the localization of Sm-5d states, while theoretical calculations show that both the decreasing intensity and the consequent broadening of linewidth at high F-doping are associated with the content and distribution of oxygen vacancies.

  7. Role of the upper branch of the hour-glass magnetic spectrum in the formation of the main kink in the electronic dispersion of high-Tc cuprate superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geffroy, Dominique; Chaloupka, Jiří; Dahm, Thomas; Munzar, Dominik

    2016-04-01

    We investigate the electronic dispersion of the high-Tc cuprate superconductors using the fully self-consistent version of the phenomenological model, where charge planar quasiparticles are coupled to spin fluctuations. The inputs we use, the underlying (bare) band structure and the spin susceptibility χ , are extracted from fits of angle-resolved photoemission and inelastic neutron scattering data of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.6 by T. Dahm and coworkers [Nat. Phys. 5, 217 (2009), 10.1038/nphys1180]. Our main results are as follows: (i) We have confirmed the finding by Dahm and coworkers that the main nodal kink is, for the present values of the input parameters, determined by the upper branch of the hourglass of χ . We demonstrate that the properties of the kink depend qualitatively on the strength of the charge-spin coupling. (ii) The effect of the resonance mode of χ on the electronic dispersion strongly depends on its kurtosis in the quasimomentum space. A low (high) kurtosis implies a negligible (considerable) effect of the mode on the dispersion in the near-nodal region. (iii) The energy of the kink decreases as a function of the angle θ between the Fermi surface cut and the nodal direction, in qualitative agreement with recent experimental observations. We clarify the trend and make a specific prediction concerning the angular dependence of the kink energy in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.6 .

  8. Effects of the Next Nearest Neighbor Hopping on Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism of Gossamer Superconductivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芬芬; 张勇; 袁峰; 夏临华

    2012-01-01

    The two dimensions hole-doped t-t '-J-U model was studied based on the Gutzwiller approach and the renormalized mean-field theory.The phase diagrams of gossamer superconductors and the effects of the next-nearestneighbor hopping(t ') on superconductivity and antiferromagnetism based on the t-t '-J-U model were investigated.The results show that the qualitative feature of the phase diagrams in the t-t '-J-U model is the same as in the case of the t-J-U model.The antiferromagnetic order coexists with the d-wave superconductivity(dSC) in the underdoped region below the doping δ≈ 0.1 and is enhanced by the t '.The dSC order is slightly suppressed by t ' in the underdoped region and greatly enhanced in the overdoped region.The dSC order is pushed to a larger doping region and the coexistence region of the AF and dSC extends to higher doping.

  9. Distinct doping dependence of critical temperature and critical current density in Ba1-xKxFe2As2 superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Dongjoon; Ishida, Shigeyuki; Iyo, Akira; Nakajima, Masamichi; Shimoyama, Jun-Ichi; Eisterer, Michael; Eisaki, Hiroshi

    2016-05-25

    Since the high transition temperature (High-Tc) superconductivity was discovered in the series of materials containing iron (Fe), their potential for the applications has been extensively scrutinized. In particular, a lot of effort has been made in achieving the high current-carrying ability by revealing the vortex pinning behavior. Here, we report on the critical current density (Jc) for the pristine Ba1-xKxFe2As2 single crystals with various K concentrations (0.25 ≤ x ≤ 0.52) determined by the magnetization hysteresis loop measurements. The x-dependence of Jc is characterized by a spike-like peak at x ~ 0.30, which corresponds to the under-doped region. This behavior is distinct from a moderate Tc dome with a broad maximum spanning from x ~ 0.3 to 0.5. For the under-doped samples, with increasing magnetic field (H), a second magnetization peak in Jc is observed, whereas for the optimally- and over-doped samples, Jc monotonically decreases with H. This result emphasizes that fine tuning of doping composition is important to obtain strong flux pinning. The origin of the characteristic doping dependence of Jc is discussed in connection with the orthorhombic phase domain boundary, as well as the chemical inhomogeneity introduced by the dopant substitutions.

  10. Distinct doping dependence of critical temperature and critical current density in Ba1‑xKxFe2As2 superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Dongjoon; Ishida, Shigeyuki; Iyo, Akira; Nakajima, Masamichi; Shimoyama, Jun-Ichi; Eisterer, Michael; Eisaki, Hiroshi

    2016-05-01

    Since the high transition temperature (High-Tc) superconductivity was discovered in the series of materials containing iron (Fe), their potential for the applications has been extensively scrutinized. In particular, a lot of effort has been made in achieving the high current-carrying ability by revealing the vortex pinning behavior. Here, we report on the critical current density (Jc) for the pristine Ba1‑xKxFe2As2 single crystals with various K concentrations (0.25 ≤ x ≤ 0.52) determined by the magnetization hysteresis loop measurements. The x-dependence of Jc is characterized by a spike-like peak at x ~ 0.30, which corresponds to the under-doped region. This behavior is distinct from a moderate Tc dome with a broad maximum spanning from x ~ 0.3 to 0.5. For the under-doped samples, with increasing magnetic field (H), a second magnetization peak in Jc is observed, whereas for the optimally- and over-doped samples, Jc monotonically decreases with H. This result emphasizes that fine tuning of doping composition is important to obtain strong flux pinning. The origin of the characteristic doping dependence of Jc is discussed in connection with the orthorhombic phase domain boundary, as well as the chemical inhomogeneity introduced by the dopant substitutions.

  11. Electronic inhomogeneities in the superconducting phase of CaFe1.96Ni0.04As2 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Anirban; Kumar, Neeraj; Thamizhavel, A.; Gupta, Anjan K.

    2015-02-01

    Superconductivity in CaFe2-xNixAs2 emerges in close proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered parent state and the AFM phase overlaps with superconducting (SC) phase for a small range of x-values. We present scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy study of an underdoped CaFe2-xNixAs2 single crystal in the vicinity of the boundary of the two phases. Both resistivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements show a superconducting TC of 15 K and from later we deduce a superconducting fraction of 1.2%. Topographic images show reasonably flat surface with signatures of atomic resolution. Spectra between 120 K and 20 K are spatially homogeneous and show signatures of spin density wave (SDW) gap. Below TC, spectra show significant spatial inhomogeneity with a depression in density of states in±5 meV energy range. Inhomogeneity reduces significantly as the temperature goes above TC and disappears completely far above TC. These observations are discussed in terms of an inhomogeneous electronic phase that may exist due to the vicinity of this composition to the SC dome boundary on the underdoped side of the phase diagram.

  12. Separation of charge-order and magnetic QCPs in heavy fermions and high Tc cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Neil

    2010-03-01

    The Fermi surface topology of high temperature superconductors inferred from magnetic quantum oscillation measurements provides clues for the origin of unconventional pairing thus previously not accessed by other spectroscopy techniques. While the overdoped regime of the high Tc phase diagram has a large Fermi surface consistent with bandstructure calculations, the underdoped regime of YBa2Cu2O6+x is found to be composed of small pockets. There is considerable debate as to whether the small observed ``pocket'' is hole-like or electron-like- whether the Fermi surface is best described by a t-J model or a conventional band folding picture- whether or not a Fermi liquid description applies- or- whether bilayer coupling splits the degeneracy of the observed pockets. We (myself and collaborators) have now collected an extensive body of experimental data that brings this debate to rest, but raises new questions about the nature of itinerant magnetism in underdoped high Tc cuprates. Quantum oscillation measurements are performed on multiple samples in magnetic fields extending to 85 T, temperatures between 30 mK (dilution fridge in dc fields to 45 T) and 18 K, over a range of hole dopings and with samples rotated in-situ about multiple axes with respect to the magnetic field. We perform a topographical map of the Fermi surface, enabling the in-plane shape of one of the pockets to be determined- imposing stringent constraints on the origin of the Fermi surface. While quantum oscillations measurements are consistent with a topological Fermi surface change associated with magnetism near optimal doping, they also point to a secondary instability deep within the underdoped regime beneath a high Tc superconducting sub-dome. An steep upturn in the quasiparticle effective mass is observed on underdoping, suggestive of a quantum critical point near x= 0.46 separating the metallic regime (composed of small pockets) from a more underdoped insulating charge-ordered regime (earlier

  13. Doping-dependent critical current properties in K, Co, and P-doped BaF e2A s2 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishida, Shigeyuki; Song, Dongjoon; Ogino, Hiraku; Iyo, Akira; Eisaki, Hiroshi; Nakajima, Masamichi; Shimoyama, Jun-ichi; Eisterer, Michael

    2017-01-01

    In order to establish the doping dependence of the critical current properties in the iron-based superconductors, the in-plane critical current density Jc of BaF e2A s2 -based superconductors B a1 -xKxF e2A s2 (K-Ba122), Ba (F e1 -xC ox)2A s2 (Co-Ba122), and BaF e2(As1-xPx) 2 (P-Ba122) in a wide range of doping concentration x was investigated by means of magnetization hysteresis loop (MHL) measurements on single-crystal samples. Depending on the dopant elements and their concentration, Jc exhibits a variety of magnetic-field H and temperature T dependences. (1) In the case of K-Ba122, the MHL of the underdoped samples (x ≤0.33 ) exhibits a second magnetization peak (SMP), which sustains high Jc at high H and high T , exceeding 105A /c m2 at T = 25 K and μ0H = 6 T for x = 0.30 . On the other hand, the SMP is missing in the optimally (x ˜ 0.36 -0.40 ) and overdoped (x ˜ 0.50 ) samples and consequently Jc rapidly decreases by more than one order of magnitude, although the change in Tc is within a few K. (2) For Co-Ba122, the SMP is always present over the entire superconducting (SC) dome from the underdoped (x ˜ 0.05 ) to the overdoped (x ˜ 0.12 ) region. However, the magnitude of Jc significantly changes with x , exhibiting a sharp maximum at x ˜ 0.057 , which is a slightly underdoped composition for Co-Ba122. (3) For P-Ba122, the highest Jc is attained at x = 0.30 , corresponding to the highest Tc composition. For the overdoped samples, the MHL is characterized by a SMP located close to the irreversibility field Hirr. Common to the three doping variations, Jc becomes highest at the underdoping side of the SC dome near the phase boundary between the SC phase and the antiferromagnetic-orthorhombic (AFO) phase. Also, the peak appears in a narrow range of doping, distinct from the Tc dome with a broad maximum. These similarities in the three cases indicate that the observed doping dependence of Jc is intrinsic to the BaF e2A s2 -based superconductors. The

  14. Deep data mining in a real space: separation of intertwined electronic responses in a lightly doped BaFe2As2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziatdinov, Maxim; Maksov, Artem; Li, Li; Sefat, Athena S.; Maksymovych, Petro; Kalinin, Sergei V.

    2016-11-01

    Electronic interactions present in material compositions close to the superconducting dome play a key role in the manifestation of high-T c superconductivity. In many correlated electron systems, however, the parent or underdoped states exhibit strongly inhomogeneous electronic landscape at the nanoscale that may be associated with competing, coexisting, or intertwined chemical disorder, strain, magnetic, and structural order parameters. Here we demonstrate an approach based on a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy and advanced statistical learning for an automatic separation and extraction of statistically significant electronic behaviors in the spin density wave regime of a lightly (∼1%) gold-doped BaFe2As2. We show that the decomposed STS spectral features have a direct relevance to fundamental physical properties of the system, such as SDW-induced gap, pseudogap-like state, and impurity resonance states.

  15. Temperature dependence of NGR Cu(2) line width in YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - sub y

    CERN Document Server

    Duglav, A V; Sakhratov, Y A; Savinkov, A V

    2001-01-01

    One conducted systematic measurements of sup 6 sup 3 Cu(2) NGR line width using underdoped YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - sub y specimens within 4.2 K < T < 300 K temperature range. It is shown that as temperature drops below the critical one the width of copper NGR line becomes wider monotonically which temperature dependence resembles behavior of superconducting slit. The observed behavior is associated with energy dependence of condensate of moving current-charge states like waves of charged density on phase of order parameter which according to the calculations occurs at T < T sub c only. The obtained quantitative evaluations of line winding at T< T sub c conform to the measurement results

  16. Log-T divergence and insulator-to-metal crossover in the normal state resistivity of fluorine doped AmFeAsO1-xFx

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balakirev, Fedor F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Riggs, S [FL STATE UNIV; Kemper, J [FL STATE UNIV; Jo, Y [FL STATE UNIV; Stegen, Z [FL STATE UNIV; Balicas, L [FL STATE UNIV; Boebinger, G [FL STATE UNIV; Chen, H [CHINA; Liu, R [CHINA; Chen, X [CHINA

    2008-01-01

    We report the resistivity of a series of fluorine-doped SmFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} polycrystalline superconductors in magnetic fields up to 60T. For underdoped samples (x < 0.15), the low-temperature resistive state is characterized by pronounced magneto-resistance and a resistive upturn at low temperatures. The 'insulating behavior' is characterized by a log-T divergence observed over a decade in temperature. In contrast, the normal state for samples with doping x > 0.15 display metallic behavior with little magnetoresistance, where intense magnetic fields broaden the superconducting transition rather than suppress T{sub c}. The location of the insulator-to-metal crossover coincides with the reported suppression of the structural phase transition (SPT) in the phase diagram for SmFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} series.

  17. Investigation of Precursor Superconducting State in YBa2Cu3O7-δ through In-Plane Optical Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kegan; Kamiya, Keisuke; Nakajima, Masamichi; Miyasaka, Shigeki; Tajima, Setsuko

    2017-02-01

    A precursor of superconductivity has been searched in the in-plane optical spectra of underdoped YBa2Cu3Oy, in which the previous c-axis optical spectra showed the presence of superconducting carriers at a temperature far above Tc [Uykur et al., https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.127003" xlink:type="simple">Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 127003 (2014)][Dubroka et al., https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.047006" xlink:type="simple">Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 047006 (2011)]. By carefully subtracting the normal component from the imaginary part of conductivity σ2(ω), we found a clear in-plane response of superconducting condensate at the temperature consistent with the c-axis optical data. This confirms that the precursory superconductivity developing with decreasing doping level is an intrinsic phenomenon in the cuprates.

  18. Charge order in cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bulut, Sinan; Kampf, Arno P. [Theoretical Physics III, Center for Electronic Correlations and Magnetism, Institute of Physics, University of Augsburg (Germany); Atkinson, Bill A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario (Canada)

    2015-07-01

    Motivated by widespread experimental evidence of charge orders in underdoped cuprate superconductors, we study a three band model of a cuprate plane. Our calculations start from a pseudogap-like normal system with a reconstructed Fermi surface, and we search for charge instabilities. From the charge susceptibilities, we identify a charge ordering instability with an ordering wavevector, q*, that matches experimental results not only with respect to the doping dependence but more importantly regarding its magnitude and direction. Namely, q* points along the Brillouin zone axes. Thus, our results clarify the discrepancy between many recent theoretical calculations and the experiments. We extend this calculation towards possible loop current instabilities and the charge ordering pattern in bilayer systems.

  19. Unification of bosonic and fermionic Z2 spin liquids on a rectangular lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Shubhayu; Steinberg, Julia; Sachdev, Subir

    Recent theories have postulated the presence of a fractionalized Fermi liquid (FL*) in the pseudogap metal phase of cuprates. The FL* phase can be described as a spin liquid co-existing with fermionic charge carrying quasiparticles. Underdoped cuprates also show a variety of competing orders, including nematic order which reduce the C4 symmetry of the square lattice to C2. Motivated by this, we classify mean-field bosonic spin liquids on a rectangular lattice using projective symmetry groups (PSG), and find equivalent descriptions in terms of fermionic partons. In particular, we find a fermionic spin liquid ansatz corresponding to a bosonic Z2 spin liquid with favorable mean field energy. The fermionic ansatz might be useful to investigate the transition from a FL* to a fermi liquid.

  20. Mottness at finite doping and charge instabilities in cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peli, S.; Conte, S. Dal; Comin, R.; Nembrini, N.; Ronchi, A.; Abrami, P.; Banfi, F.; Ferrini, G.; Brida, D.; Lupi, S.; Fabrizio, M.; Damascelli, A.; Capone, M.; Cerullo, G.; Giannetti, C.

    2017-08-01

    The influence of Mott physics on the doping-temperature phase diagram of copper oxides represents a major issue that is the subject of intense theoretical and experimental efforts. Here, we investigate the ultrafast electron dynamics in prototypical single-layer Bi-based cuprates at the energy scale of the O-2p --> Cu-3d charge-transfer (CT) process. We demonstrate a clear evolution of the CT excitations from incoherent and localized, as in a Mott insulator, to coherent and delocalized, as in a conventional metal. This reorganization of the high-energy degrees of freedom occurs at the critical doping pcr ~ 0.16 irrespective of the temperature, and it can be well described by dynamical mean-field theory calculations. We argue that the onset of low-temperature charge instabilities is the low-energy manifestation of the underlying Mottness that characterizes the p low-temperature phases in underdoped copper oxides.

  1. Electronic structure of CuO2 planes: From insulator to superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larosa, S.; Vobornik, I.; Zwick, F.; Berger, H.; Grioni, M.; Margaritondo, G.; Kelley, R. J.; Onellion, M.; Chubukov, A.

    1997-07-01

    Using angle-resolved photoemission and linearly polarized synchrotron radiation, we measured the electronic band structure of electronic states of CuO2 plane materials ranging from insulators (Sr2CuO2Cl2) to overdoped superconductors (Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x). We report three results: (i) The CuO2 containing insulator possesses a spin-density-wave (SDW) ground state; (ii) there are precursors of the SDW state for underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x; (iii) an extended saddle-point-type van Hove singularity is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for a high superconducting transition temperature, Tc.

  2. Dynamical optical properties of La2-xSrxCuO4 cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, M. L.; Rast, S.; Onellion, M.; Ren, Y.; Zhang, X.; Luepke, G.; Perakis, I.; Abrecht, M.; Ariosa, D.; Pavuna, D.; Zeng, X. H.; Weidong, Si; Xi, X. X.

    2001-03-01

    We present pump-probe optical reflectivity measurements on underdoped, optimally doped and overdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 thin films grown on SrTiO3.[1] We find qualitative changes of the reflectivity with temperature, in particular below and above the superconducting transition temperature. We have measured YBa2Cu3O7-x and NdBa2Cu3O7-y thin films for comparison and present these comparative results. The La2-xSrxCuO4 data indicate the existence of two subsystems within the material. The two subsystems are electronic (or optically active), interact, and they transfer energy between them. We discuss our reasoning on these points. 1. M.L. Schneider et.al., submitted

  3. Evidence for two coupled subsystems in the superconducting state of La2-xSrxCuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rast, S.; Schneider, M. L.; Onellion, M.; Zeng, X. H.; Si, Weidong; Xi, X. X.; Abrecht, M.; Ariosa, D.; Pavuna, D.; Ren, Y. H.; Lüpke, G.; Perakis, I.

    2001-12-01

    We used a pump-probe technique to measure the transient change of optical reflectivity of both La2-xSrxCuO4, of various dopings, and slightly underdoped YBa2Cu3O7-x and NdBa2Cu3O7-x thin films. For the La2-xSrxCuO4 films, our data demonstrate the coexistence, in the superconducting state, of two coupled subsystems with different relaxation times and different contributions to the optical reflectivity. One subsystem is associated with the superconducting phase. By contrast, the data from YBa2Cu3O7-x and NdBa2Cu3O7-x shows that the coupling between the two subsystems is weak or absent.

  4. Energy-dependent crossover from anisotropic to isotropic magnetic dispersion in lightly-doped La1.96Sr0.04CuO4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuda, Masaaki [ORNL; Granroth, Garrett E [ORNL; Fujita, M. [Tohoku University, Japan; Yamada, K. [Tohoku University, Japan; Tranquada, John M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)

    2013-01-01

    Inelastic neutron scattering experiments have been performed on lightly-doped La$_{1.96}$Sr$_{0.04}$CuO$_{4}$, which shows diagonal incommensurate spin correlations at low temperatures. We previously reported that this crystal, with a single orthorhombic domain, exhibits the ``hourglass" dispersion at low energies [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 197001 (2008)]. In this paper, we investigate in detail the energy evolution of the magnetic excitations up to 65 meV. It is found that the anisotropic excitations at low energies, dispersing only along the spin modulation direction, crossover to an isotropic, conical dispersion that resembles spin waves in the parent compound La$_2$CuO$_{4}$. The change from two-fold to full symmetry on crossing the waist of the hourglass reproduces behavior first identified in studies of underdoped YBa$_2$Cu$_3$O$_{6+x}$. We discuss the significance of these results.

  5. Remarkable Stability of Charge Density Wave Order in La1.875 Ba0.125 CuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, X. M.; Thampy, V.; Mazzoli, C.; Barbour, A. M.; Miao, H.; Gu, G. D.; Cao, Y.; Tranquada, J. M.; Dean, M. P. M.; Wilkins, S. B.

    2016-10-01

    The occurrence of charge-density-wave (CDW) order in underdoped cuprates is now well established, although the precise nature of the CDW and its relationship with superconductivity is not. Theoretical proposals include contrasting ideas such as that pairing may be driven by CDW fluctuations or that static CDWs may intertwine with a spatially modulated superconducting wave function. We test the dynamics of CDW order in La1.825 Ba0.125 CuO4 by using x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy at the CDW wave vector, detected resonantly at the Cu L3 edge. We find that the CDW domains are strikingly static, with no evidence of significant fluctuations up to 2 ¾ h . We discuss the implications of these results for some of the competing theories.

  6. Remarkable Stability of Charge Density Wave Order in La_{1.875}Ba_{0.125}CuO_{4}.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, X M; Thampy, V; Mazzoli, C; Barbour, A M; Miao, H; Gu, G D; Cao, Y; Tranquada, J M; Dean, M P M; Wilkins, S B

    2016-10-14

    The occurrence of charge-density-wave (CDW) order in underdoped cuprates is now well established, although the precise nature of the CDW and its relationship with superconductivity is not. Theoretical proposals include contrasting ideas such as that pairing may be driven by CDW fluctuations or that static CDWs may intertwine with a spatially modulated superconducting wave function. We test the dynamics of CDW order in La_{1.825}Ba_{0.125}CuO_{4} by using x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy at the CDW wave vector, detected resonantly at the Cu L_{3} edge. We find that the CDW domains are strikingly static, with no evidence of significant fluctuations up to 2 ¾  h. We discuss the implications of these results for some of the competing theories.

  7. Superconducting fluctuations in organic molecular metals enhanced by Mott criticality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Moon-Sun; Mézière, Cécile; Batail, Patrick; Zorina, Leokadiya; Simonov, Sergey; Ardavan, Arzhang

    2013-12-02

    Unconventional superconductivity typically occurs in materials in which a small change of a parameter such as bandwidth or doping leads to antiferromagnetic or Mott insulating phases. As such competing phases are approached, the properties of the superconductor often become increasingly exotic. For example, in organic superconductors and underdoped high-T(c) cuprate superconductors a fluctuating superconducting state persists to temperatures significantly above T(c). By studying alloys of quasi-two-dimensional organic molecular metals in the κ-(BEDT-TTF)₂X family, we reveal how the Nernst effect, a sensitive probe of superconducting phase fluctuations, evolves in the regime of extreme Mott criticality. We find strong evidence that, as the phase diagram is traversed through superconductivity towards the Mott state, the temperature scale for superconducting fluctuations increases dramatically, eventually approaching the temperature at which quasiparticles become identifiable at all.

  8. In-plane structural and electronic anisotropy in de-twinned (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blomberg, Erick; Tanatar, M. A.; Straszheim, W. E.; Shen, B.; Wen, H. H.; Prozorov, R.

    2012-02-01

    The iron-pnictides undergo a tetragonal to orthorhombic structural transition below a doping - dependent temperature Ts. In the absence of external stress or strain, the orthorhombic phase is divided into four degenerate, equally populated, ``twin'' structural domains, obscuring direct measurement of in-plane anisotropy. This degeneracy may be broken through mild mechanical stress or strain leaving the sample de-twinned. The properties of detwinned (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 with x=0.1, 0.18 (hole under-doped) were discussed previously [1]. Here we report polarized-light microscopy and AC transport measurements of strain-detwinned (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 with a dopping range from x=0.15 to x=0.35. Our results provide new insight into a region of coexisting magnetic and superconducting order parameters. [4pt] [1] J. J. Ying, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 067001 (2011).

  9. Spin fluctuations and the

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M. Loktev

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the spectral properties of a phenomenological model for a weakly doped two-dimensional antiferromagnet, in which the carriers move within one of the two sublattices where they were introduced. Such a constraint results in the free carrier spectra with the maxima at k=(± π/2 , ± π/2 observed in some cuprates. We consider the spectral properties of the model by taking into account fluctuations of the spins in the antiferromagnetic background. We show that such fluctuations lead to a non-pole-like structure of the single-hole Green's function and these fluctuations can be responsible for some anomalous "strange metal" properties of underdoped cuprates in the nonsuperconducting regime.

  10. Kinetic Energy Driven Superconductivity in the Electron Doped Cobaltate NaxCoO2 · yH2O

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Bin; LIANG Ying; FENG Shi-Ping; CHEN Wei-Yeu

    2005-01-01

    Within the charge-spin separation fermion-spin theory, we show that the mechanism of superconductivity in the electron doped cobaltate Nax CoO2. yH2 O is ascribed to its kinetic energy. The dressed fermions interact occurring directly through the kinetic energy by exchanging magnetic excitations. This interaction leads to a net attractive force between dressed fermions, then the electron Cooper pairs originating from the dressed fermion pairing state are due to the charge-spin recombination, and their condensation reveals the superconducting ground state. The superconducting transition temperature is identical to the dressed fermion pair transition temperature, and is suppressed to a lower temperature due to the strong magnetic frustration. The optimal superconducting transition temperature occurs in the electron doping concentration δ≈ 0.29, and then decreases for both underdoped and overdoped regimes, in qualitative agreement with the experimental results.

  11. Potassium substitution effects in YBa2Cu3O7- & delta superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Farbod

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available   YBa2-xKxCu3O7-δ compound with x = 0, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, 1 was prepared. The samples were characterized by XRD, Tc, oxygen content and room temperature thermopower measurements. The results shows that by increasing the potassium, the samples go to the underdoped regime. This is due to the depletion of oxygen from the samples. By post annealing of the sample with x = 0.2 and Tc = 78 K in oxygen, the Tc increased up to 93 K which means it is possible to put back the oxygens into the structure.

  12. Gap distributions and spatial variation of electronic states in superconducting and pseudogap states of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}CuO{sub 8+{delta}}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, K.K.; Pasupathy, A.; Pushp, A. [Department of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Ono, S.; Ando, Y. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan); Yazdani, A. [Department of Physics, Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)], E-mail: yazdani@princeton.edu

    2007-09-01

    High-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy has been used to study the tunneling density of states in lightly underdoped samples of the high-T{sub c} superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}CuO{sub 8+{delta}} in both the superconducting and pseudogap states. We demonstrate that the tunneling gaps observed in these two states have identical spatial distributions and correlation lengths. This observation suggests that the two gaps, and hence the two phenomena, cannot have a competing origin. In addition, we present measurements that show that in contrast to the superconducting state, in which low energy quasi-particles are homogenous in real space, the states near the Fermi level are spatially inhomogeneous in the pseudogap state. The variation of the low-energy electronic states is spatially correlated with local changes in the pseudogap.

  13. Absence of a loss of in-plane infrared spectral weight in the pseudogap regime of Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santander-Syro, A F; Lobo, R P S M; Bontemps, N; Konstantinovic, Z; Li, Z; Raffy, H

    2002-03-04

    The ab-plane reflectance of Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+delta) (Bi-2212) thin films was measured in the 30-25 000 cm(-1) range for one underdoped ( T(c) = 70 K), and one overdoped sample ( T(c) = 63 K) down to 10 K. We find similar behaviors in the temperature dependence of the normal-state infrared response of both samples. Above T(c), the effective spectral weight, obtained from the integrated conductivity, does not decrease when T decreases, so that no opening of an optical pseudogap is seen. We suggest that these are consequences of the pseudogap opening in the k = (0,pi) direction and of the in-plane infrared conductivity being mostly sensitive to the k = (pi,pi) direction.

  14. Weak-limit quasiparticle scattering via microwave spectroscopy of a high temperature superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hardy, W.N.; Turner, P.J.; Harris, R.; Kamal, Saeid; Broun, D.M.; Mullins, G.K.; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D.A

    2004-08-01

    Recent progress in the measurement and interpretation of the low temperature microwave electrodynamics of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} is reviewed. Using a broadband bolometric technique, we have been able to measure the microwave conductivity of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.50} and YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.99} from 0.6 to 21 GHz. For the first time, the cusp-shaped conductivity spectra characteristic of weak-impurity scattering in a d-wave superconductor have been observed. Surprisingly, weak-limit scattering is seen from 1 to over 7 K in the underdoped sample, but develops in the fully oxygen-doped sample only below about 2.5 K. Preliminary ideas to explain this difference in terms of intermediate scattering phase shifts are presented.

  15. Phase diagram of F- and Co-doped CeFeAsO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vakaliuk, Oleksii; Wurmehl, Sabine; Malbrich, Christine; Bruening, Eva; Grafe, Hans-Joachim; Hess, Christian; Buechner, Bernd [Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    We carried out an experimental systematic electronic resistivity investigation of CeFeAsO system in a wide Co-doping range (0-0.12) and compare it to F-doped (0-0.10) CeFeAsO. The resistivity of the pristine compound: i) exhibits a pronounced peak at approximately 150 K, followed by a steep decrease and ii) an inflection point which are clear signatures of the tetragonal to orthorhombic structural transition, and the antiferromagnetic spin density wave transition, respectively. iii) At low temperature the resistivity shows a kink-like anomaly due to ordering of Ce magnetic moments. Upon doping these anomalies shifts to lower temperature, and become suppressed and broadened. From these observations we construct the magnetic/superconducting phase diagrams for both compounds. Furthermore, NMR/NQR studies reveal a new type of microscopic order in the underdoped normal state regime.

  16. Quantum criticality of D-wave quasiparticles and superconducting phase fluctuations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vafek, Oskar; Tesanović, Zlatko

    2003-12-05

    We present finite temperature (T) extension of the (2+1)-dimensional QED (QED3) theory of under-doped cuprates. The theory describes nodal quasiparticles whose interactions with quantum proliferated hc/2e vortex-antivortex pairs are represented by an emergent U(1) gauge field. Finite T introduces a scale beyond which the spatial fluctuations of vorticity are suppressed. As a result, the spin susceptibility of the pseudogap state is bounded by T2 at low T and crosses over to approximately T at higher T, while the low-T specific heat scales as T2, reflecting the thermodynamics of QED3. The Wilson ratio vanishes as T-->0; the pseudogap state is a "thermal (semi)metal" but a "spin-charge dielectric." This non-Fermi liquid behavior originates from two general principles: spin correlations induced by "gauge" interactions of quasiparticles and fluctuating vortices and the "relativistic" scaling of the T=0 fixed point.

  17. Electric field effect on superconductivity in La2-xSrxCuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubuis, G.; Bollinger, A. T.; Pavuna, D.; Božović, I.

    2012-06-01

    We demonstrate a method to tune the carrier concentration of a high temperature superconductor over a wide range, using an applied electric field. Thin film devices were made in an electrical double layer transistor configuration utilizing an ionic liquid. In this way, the surface carrier density in La2-xSrxCuO4 films can be varied between 0.01 and 0.14 carriers per Cu atom with a resulting change in critical temperature of 25 K (˜70% of the maximum critical temperature in this compound). This allows one to study a large segment of the cuprate phase diagram without altering the level of disorder. We used this method [A. T. Bollinger et al., Nature 472, 458-460 (2011)] to study the quantum critical point at the superconductor to insulator phase transition on the underdoped side of superconducting dome, and concluded that this transition is driven by quantum phase fluctuations and Cooper pair delocalization.

  18. Electric field effect on superconductivity in La2−xSrxCuO4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubuis, G.; Bollinger, A. T.; Pavuna, D.; Božović, I.

    2012-01-01

    We demonstrate a method to tune the carrier concentration of a high temperature superconductor over a wide range, using an applied electric field. Thin film devices were made in an electrical double layer transistor configuration utilizing an ionic liquid. In this way, the surfacecarrier density in La2-x Sr x CuO4 films can be varied between 0.01 and 0.14 carriers per Cu atom with a resulting change in critical temperature of 25 K (~70% of the maximum critical temperature in this compound). This allows one to study a large segment of the cuprate phase diagram without altering the level of disorder. We used this method [A. T. Bollinger et al., Nature 472, 458–460 (2011)] to study the quantum critical point at the superconductor to insulator phase transition on the underdoped side of superconducting dome, and concluded that this transition is driven by quantum phase fluctuations and Cooper pair delocalization.

  19. Ultrafast spectroscopy of quasiparticle dynamics in cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Wei [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zhang, Chunfeng, E-mail: cfzhang@nju.edu.cn [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wang, Xiaoyong [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Chakhalian, Jak, E-mail: jchakhal@uark.edu [Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701 (United States); Xiao, Min, E-mail: mxiao@uark.edu [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701 (United States)

    2015-02-15

    Ultrafast pump-probe spectroscopy is a powerful tool to study the nonequilibrium dynamics in high-Tc cuprate superconductors. The photo-induced quasiparticle (QP) dynamics revealed by pump-probe spectroscopy are sensitive to the near-Fermi level electronic structures. Here we review several selected examples to illustrate the enduring challenges including pairing glue, phase separation, and phase transitions in cuprate superconductors. We also present the data obtained on thin films of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7−δ} in connection to these issues. - Highlights: • This paper reviews recent ultrafast spectroscopic study on cuprates. • Dynamics related to pairing glues and phase separations are summarized. • Mid-IR pulses enhance the coherent transport in underdoped cuprates. • Pump-probe data on the quasiparticle dynamics in YBCO films are presented.

  20. Study of anomalous temperature dependence of itinerant holes in under- and overdoped La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x CuO sub 4 single crystals using polarised soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Singhal, R K; Dalela, S; Sekhar, B; Jain, D C; Garg, K B

    2003-01-01

    Some experiments have recently shown that in the YBCO detwinned system charge aggregation takes place in the Cu-O sub 2 plane along the b-axis at T>>T sub c followed by formation of Cooper pairs, again in the normal state. Polarised X-ray absorption measurements at the O K and Cu L sub 3 absorption edges in E parallel b orientation have been carried out on underdoped and overdoped single crystals of La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x CuO sub 4 through a temperature range of 10-300 K to study the dependence of the itinerant hole density. Both the crystals do show an anomalous temperature dependence but there is a wide divergence in the earlier and our results. This paper discusses the results and possible causes for the difference.

  1. Theory of Enhanced Interlayer Tunneling in Optically Driven High-T_{c} Superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Jun-Ichi; Cavalleri, Andrea; Mathey, Ludwig

    2016-11-25

    Motivated by recent pump-probe experiments indicating enhanced coherent c-axis transport in underdoped YBCO, we study Josephson junctions periodically driven by optical pulses. We propose a mechanism for this observation by demonstrating that a parametrically driven Josephson junction shows an enhanced imaginary part of the low-frequency conductivity when the driving frequency is above the plasma frequency, implying an effectively enhanced Josephson coupling. We generalize this analysis to a bilayer system of Josephson junctions modeling YBCO. Again, the Josephson coupling is enhanced when the pump frequency is blue detuned to either of the two plasma frequencies of the material. We show that the emergent driven state is a genuine, nonequilibrium superconducting state, in which equilibrium relations between the Josephson coupling, current fluctuations, and the critical current no longer hold.

  2. Theory of Enhanced Interlayer Tunneling in Optically Driven High-Tc Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Jun-ichi; Cavalleri, Andrea; Mathey, Ludwig

    2016-11-01

    Motivated by recent pump-probe experiments indicating enhanced coherent c -axis transport in underdoped YBCO, we study Josephson junctions periodically driven by optical pulses. We propose a mechanism for this observation by demonstrating that a parametrically driven Josephson junction shows an enhanced imaginary part of the low-frequency conductivity when the driving frequency is above the plasma frequency, implying an effectively enhanced Josephson coupling. We generalize this analysis to a bilayer system of Josephson junctions modeling YBCO. Again, the Josephson coupling is enhanced when the pump frequency is blue detuned to either of the two plasma frequencies of the material. We show that the emergent driven state is a genuine, nonequilibrium superconducting state, in which equilibrium relations between the Josephson coupling, current fluctuations, and the critical current no longer hold.

  3. Unusual Charge Transport and Spin Response of Doped Bilayer Triangular Antiferromagnets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG Ying; MA Tian-Xing; FENG Shi-Ping

    2003-01-01

    Within the t-J model, the charge transport and spin response of the doped bilayer triangular antiferromagnetare studied by considering the bilayer interaction. Although the bilayer interaction leads to the band splitting in theelectronic structure, the qualitative behaviors of the physical properties are the same as in the single layer case. Theconductivity spectrum shows the low-energy peak and unusual midinfrared band, the temperature-dependent resistivityis characterized by the nonlinearity metallic-like behavior in the higher temperature range and the deviation from themetallic-like behavior in the lower temperature range and the commensurate neutron scattering peak near the half-fillingis split into six incommensurate peaks in the underdoped regime, with the incommensurability increasing with the holeconcentration at lower dopings, and saturating at higher dopings.

  4. Large-scale modulation in the superconducting properties of thin films due to domains in the SrTi O3 substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wissberg, Shai; Kalisky, Beena

    2017-04-01

    Scanning superconducting quantum interference device measurements reveal large-scale modulations of the superfluid density and the critical temperature in superconducting Nb, NbN, and underdoped YB a2C u3O7 -δ films deposited on SrTi O3 (STO). We show that these modulations are a result of the STO domains and domain walls, forming below the 105 K structural phase transition of STO. We found that the flow of normal current, measured above the superconducting transition, is also modulated over the same domain structure, suggesting a modified carrier density. In clean STO, domain walls remain mobile down to low temperatures. Modulated superconductivity over mobile channels offers the opportunity to locally control superconducting properties and better understand the relations between superconductivity and the local structure.

  5. Antiferromagnetism in metals: from the cuprate superconductors to the heavy fermion materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Subir; Metlitski, Max A; Punk, Matthias

    2012-07-25

    The critical theory of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals, with concomitant Fermi surface reconstruction, has recently been shown to be strongly coupled in two spatial dimensions. The onset of unconventional superconductivity near this critical point is reviewed: it involves a subtle interplay between the breakdown of fermionic quasiparticle excitations on the Fermi surface and the strong pairing glue provided by the antiferromagnetic fluctuations. The net result is a logarithm-squared enhancement of the pairing vertex for generic Fermi surfaces, with a universal dimensionless coefficient independent of the strength of interactions, which is expected to lead to superconductivity at the scale of the Fermi energy. We also discuss the possibility that the antiferromagnetic critical point can be replaced by an intermediate 'fractionalized Fermi liquid' phase, in which there is Fermi surface reconstruction but no long-range antiferromagnetic order. We discuss the relevance of this phase to the underdoped cuprates and the heavy fermion materials.

  6. Coherence factor effects in the antisymmetrized LDOS correlators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maltseva, Marianna; Coleman, P.

    2009-03-01

    Recent scanning tunneling experiments on underdoped cuprates by Hanaguri et al [1] show the appearance of coherence factor effects. Unlike conventional observables, we show that the tunneling density of states in a superconductor does not have a well defined coherence factor. However, by extracting the component that is either even, or odd in the bias voltage, we show that these separate components have well-defined coherence factors. These results are used to understand the appearance of coherence factor effects in the antisymmetrized local density of states correlators in recent scanning tunneling experiments. [3pt] [1] T. Hanaguri, Y. Kohsaka, M. Ono, M. Maltseva, P. Coleman, I. Yamada, M. Azuma, M. Takano, K. Ohishi and H. Takagi, to be published (2009).

  7. Saturation of resistivity and Kohler's rule in Ni-doped La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 cuprate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malinowski, A.; Bezusyy, V. L.; Nowicki, P.

    2017-01-01

    We present the results of electrical transport measurements of La1.85Sr0.15Cu1 -yNiyO4 thin single-crystal films at magnetic fields up to 9 T. Adding Ni impurity with strong Coulomb scattering potential to a slightly underdoped cuprate makes the signs of resistivity saturation at ρsat visible in the measurement temperature window up to 350 K. Employing the parallel-resistor formalism reveals that ρsat is consistent with the classical Ioffe-Regel-Mott limit and changes with carrier concentration n as ρsat∝1 /√{n } . Thermopower measurements show that Ni tends to localize mobile carriers, decreasing their effective concentration as n ≅0.15 -y . The classical unmodified Kohler's rule is fulfilled for magnetoresistance in the nonsuperconducting part of the phase diagram when applied to the ideal branch in the parallel-resistor model.

  8. Electronic liquid crystal state in the high-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hinkov, V.; Haug, D.; Lin, C.T.; Keimer, B. [Max Planck Inst Festkorperforsch, D-70569 Stuttgart, (Germany); Fauque, B.; Bourges, P.; Sidis, Y. [CEA Saclay, CNRS, Lab Leon Brillouin, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, (France); Ivanov, A. [Inst Max Von Laue Paul Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble, (France); Bernhard, C. [Univ Fribourg, Dept Phys, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland); Bernhard, C. [Univ Fribourg, FriMat Ctr Nanomat, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland)

    2008-07-01

    Electronic phases with symmetry properties matching those of conventional liquid crystals have recently been discovered in transport experiments on semiconductor heterostructures and metal oxides at milli-kelvin temperatures. We report the spontaneous onset of a one- dimensional, incommensurate modulation of the spin system in the high-transition-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.45} upon cooling below similar to 150 kelvin, whereas static magnetic order is absent above 2 kelvin. The evolution of this modulation with temperature and doping parallels that of the in-plane anisotropy of the resistivity, indicating an electronic nematic phase that is stable over a wide temperature range. The results suggest that soft spin fluctuations are a microscopic route toward electronic liquid crystals and that nematic order can coexist with high-temperature superconductivity in under-doped cuprates. (authors)

  9. Dominance of many-body effects over the one-electron mechanism for band structure doping dependence in Nd{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}CuO{sub 4}: the LDA+GTB approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korshunov, M M [L V Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Gavrichkov, V A [L V Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Ovchinnikov, S G [L V Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Nekrasov, I A [Institute of Electrophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences-Ural Division, 620016 Yekaterinburg, Amundsena 106 (Russian Federation); Kokorina, E E [Institute of Electrophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences-Ural Division, 620016 Yekaterinburg, Amundsena 106 (Russian Federation); Pchelkina, Z V [Institute of Metal Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences-Ural Division, 620041 Yekaterinburg, GSP-170 (Russian Federation)

    2007-12-05

    In the present work we report band structure calculations for the high-temperature superconductor Nd{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}CuO{sub 4} in the regime of strong electronic correlations within an LDA+GTB method, which combines the local density approximation (LDA) and the generalized tight-binding method (GTB). The two mechanisms of band structure doping dependence were taken into account. Namely, the one-electron mechanism provided by the doping dependence of the crystal structure, and the many-body mechanism provided by the strong renormalization of the fermionic quasiparticles due to the large on-site Coulomb repulsion. We have shown that, in the antiferromagnetic and in the strongly correlated paramagnetic phases of the underdoped cuprates, the main contribution to the doping evolution of the band structure and Fermi surface comes from the many-body mechanism.

  10. Spectral properties of doped bilayer cuprates at finite temperatures

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amit Pratap; Ratan Lal; Govinda; S K Joshi

    2002-05-01

    Recently, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+, which possesses two CuO2 layers in the same unit cell, have yielded very interesting results. For the overdoped samples, these results show a splitting of electronic states near = (,0) point of Brillioun zone. On the other hand, no splitting is observed in the underdoped samples. In view of this, the detailed studies including the doping and temperature dependence of the spectral properties become desirable. In this paper, we consider cuprates possessing two CuO2 layers per unit cell. Each layer in the system is described by the -'- model and the two layers are coupled via an intrabilayer hopping term (⊥) and an intrabilayer exchange coupling (⊥). A self-consistent perturbation approach is used to calculate the electronic spectral function for different values of hole density, hole momentum and temperature. We find that the imaginary part of the self energy is strongly momentum dependent which contradicts the suggestion that the Fermi surface of cuprates may be described by marginal Fermi liquid theory. We have calculated the spectral function for various values of intrabilayer parameters ⊥ and ⊥. For larger values of intrabilayer interactions we observe the splitting in the quasi-particle peak at = (,0) which is in agreement with the recent observations. The splitting is also found to be sensitive to the hole concentration as well as the temperature of the system. We have also discussed the reasons why the splitting is absent in underdoped bilayer cuprates at low temperature.

  11. Staggered Flux State in Two-Dimensional Hubbard Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, Hisatoshi; Tamura, Shun; Ogata, Masao

    2016-12-01

    The stability and other properties of a staggered flux (SF) state or a correlated d-density wave state are studied for the Hubbard (t-t'-U) model on extended square lattices, as a low-lying state that competes with the dx2 - y2-wave superconductivity (d-SC) and possibly causes the pseudogap phenomena in underdoped high-Tc cuprates and organic κ-BEDT-TTF salts. In calculations, a variational Monte Carlo method is used. In the trial wave function, a configuration-dependent phase factor, which is vital to treat a current-carrying state for a large U/t, is introduced in addition to ordinary correlation factors. Varying U/t, t'/t, and the doping rate (δ) systematically, we show that the SF state becomes more stable than the normal state (projected Fermi sea) for a strongly correlated (U/t ≳ 5) and underdoped (δ ≲ 0.16) area. The decrease in energy is sizable, particularly in the area where Mott physics prevails and the circular current (order parameter) is strongly suppressed. These features are consistent with those for the t-J model. The effect of the frustration t'/t plays a crucial role in preserving charge homogeneity and appropriately describing the behavior of hole- and electron-doped cuprates and κ-BEDT-TTF salts. We argue that the SF state does not coexist with d-SC and is not a "normal state" from which d-SC arises. We also show that a spin current (flux or nematic) state is never stabilized in the same regime.

  12. Some unique superconductive Properties of Cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, K. A.

    2013-04-01

    Copper oxides are the only materials that show transition temperatures, Tc, above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, with a maximum Tmc of 162 K under pressure. Their structure is layered, with one to several CuO2 planes, and upon hole doping, their transition temperature follows a dome-shaped curve with a maximum at Tmc. In the underdoped regime, i.e., below Tmc, a pseudogap T* is found, with T* always being larger than Tc, a property unique to the copper oxides [1]. In the superconducting state, Cooper pairs (two holes with antiparallel spins) are formed that exhibit coherence lengths on the order of a lattice distance in the CuO2 plane and one order of magnitude less perpendicular to it. Their macroscopic wave function is parallel to the CuO2 plane near 100% d at their surface, but only 75% d and 25 % s in the bulk, and near 100% s perpendicular to the plane in YBCO. There are two gaps with the same Tc [2]. As function of doping, the oxygen isotope effect is novel and can be quantitatively accounted for by a two-band vibronic theory [3] near Tmc, and underdoped below it till Tc = 0 with by a formula valid for (bi)polarons [4]. These cuprates are intrinsically heterogeneous in a dynamic way. In terms of quasiparticles, Jahn-Teller bipolarons are present at low doping, and aggregate upon cooling [1], so that probably ramified clusters and/or stripes are formed, leading over to a more Fermi-liquid-type behavior at large carrier concentrations above Tmc.

  13. Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy on Electronic Structure and Electron-Phonon Coupling in Cuprate Superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, X.J.

    2010-04-30

    In addition to the record high superconducting transition temperature (T{sub c}), high temperature cuprate superconductors are characterized by their unusual superconducting properties below T{sub c}, and anomalous normal state properties above T{sub c}. In the superconducting state, although it has long been realized that superconductivity still involves Cooper pairs, as in the traditional BCS theory, the experimentally determined d-wave pairing is different from the usual s-wave pairing found in conventional superconductors. The identification of the pairing mechanism in cuprate superconductors remains an outstanding issue. The normal state properties, particularly in the underdoped region, have been found to be at odd with conventional metals which is usually described by Fermi liquid theory; instead, the normal state at optimal doping fits better with the marginal Fermi liquid phenomenology. Most notable is the observation of the pseudogap state in the underdoped region above T{sub c}. As in other strongly correlated electrons systems, these unusual properties stem from the interplay between electronic, magnetic, lattice and orbital degrees of freedom. Understanding the microscopic process involved in these materials and the interaction of electrons with other entities is essential to understand the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity. Since the discovery of high-T{sub c} superconductivity in cuprates, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) has provided key experimental insights in revealing the electronic structure of high temperature superconductors. These include, among others, the earliest identification of dispersion and a large Fermi surface, an anisotropic superconducting gap suggestive of a d-wave order parameter, and an observation of the pseudogap in underdoped samples. In the mean time, this technique itself has experienced a dramatic improvement in its energy and momentum resolutions, leading to a series of new discoveries not

  14. Demonstrating the Model Nature of the High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa2CuO4+d

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barisic, Neven; Li, Yuan; Zhao, Xudong; Cho, Yong-Chan; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Yu, Guichuan; Greven, Martin; /SLAC, SSRL /Boskovic Inst., Zagreb /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Jilin U. /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.

    2008-09-30

    The compound HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (Hg1201) exhibits a simple tetragonal crystal structure and the highest superconducting transition temperature (T{sub c}) among all single Cu-O layer cuprates, with T{sub c} = 97 K (onset) at optimal doping. Due to a lack of sizable single crystals, experimental work on this very attractive system has been significantly limited. Thanks to a recent breakthrough in crystal growth, such crystals have now become available. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible to identify suitable heat treatment conditions to systematically and uniformly tune the hole concentration of Hg1201 crystals over a wide range, from very underdoped (T{sub c} = 47 K, hole concentration p {approx} 0.08) to overdoped (T{sub c} = 64 K, p {approx} 0.22). We then present quantitative magnetic susceptibility and DC charge transport results that reveal the very high-quality nature of the studied crystals. Using XPS on cleaved samples, we furthermore demonstrate that it is possible to obtain large surfaces of good quality. These characterization measurements demonstrate that Hg1201 should be viewed as a model high-temperature superconductor, and they provide the foundation for extensive future experimental work.

  15. Interlayer magnetotransport study in electron-doped Sm2-CeCuO4-

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Takasada Shibauchi; Tsuyoshi Kawakami; Yuhki Terao; Minoru Suzuki; Lia Krusin-Elbaum

    2006-01-01

    Vortex and pseudogap states in electron-doped Sm2-CeCuO4- ( ∼ 0.14) are investigated by the interlayer transport in magnetic fields up to 45 T. To extract intrinsic properties, we fabricated small 30 nm-high mesa structures, sufficiently thin to be free of the recently reported partial decomposition problems. On cooling, the -axis resistivity ρc of the mesa structures reveals a semiconductive upturn above c, followed by a sharp superconducting transition at 20 K. When the magnetic field is applied along the -axis, ρc() shows a parallel shift without significant broadening, as also observed in the hole-doped underdoped cuprates. Above the transition we observe negative magnetoresistance (MR), which can be attributed to the field suppression of the pseudogap, whose magnitude is as small as 38 K. Our results in the ∼ 0.14 samples closely correspond to the interlayer transport behavior in the `overdoped' regime of hole-doped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+.

  16. Magnetic-field-induced vortex-lattice transition in HgBa2CuO4 +δ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeongseop A.; Xin, Yizhou; Stolt, I.; Halperin, W. P.; Reyes, A. P.; Kuhns, P. L.; Chan, M. K.

    2017-01-01

    Measurements of the 17O nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) quadrupolar spectrum of apical oxygen in HgBa2CuO4 +δ were performed over a range of magnetic fields from 6.4-30 T in the superconducting state. Oxygen-isotope-exchanged single crystals were investigated with doping corresponding to superconducting transition temperatures from 74 K underdoped, to 78 K overdoped. The apical oxygen site was chosen since its NMR spectrum has narrow quadrupolar satellites that are well separated from any other resonance. Nonvortex contributions to the spectra can be deconvolved in the time domain to determine the local magnetic field distribution from the vortices. Numerical analysis using Brandt's Ginzburg-Landau theory was used to find structural parameters of the vortex lattice, penetration depth, and coherence length as a function of magnetic field in the vortex solid phase. From this analysis we report a vortex structural transition near 15 T from an oblique lattice with an opening angle of 73∘ at low magnetic fields to a triangular lattice with 60∘ stabilized at high field. The temperature for onset of vortex dynamics has been identified from spin-spin relaxation. This is independent of the magnetic field at sufficiently high magnetic field similar to that reported for YBa2Cu3O7 and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 +δ and is correlated with mass anisotropy of the material. This behavior is accounted for theoretically only in the limit of very high anisotropy.

  17. Frank Isakson Prize Talk: Superfluid and normal-fluid densities in the cuprate superconductors from infrared spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, D. B.

    Measurements for a number of cuprate families of optical reflectance over a wide spectral range (far-infrared to ultraviolet) have been analyzed using Kramers-Kronig analysis to obtain the optical conductivity σ (ω) and (by integration of the real part of the conductivity) the spectral weight of low- and mid-energy excitations. For the Kramers-Kronig analysis to give reliable results, accurate high-frequency extrapolations, based on x-ray atomic scattering functions, were used. When the optical conductivities of the normal and superconducting states are compared, a transfer of spectral weight from finite frequencies to the zero-frequency delta-function conductivity of the superconductor is seen. The strength of this delta function gives the superfluid density, ρs. In a clean metallic superconductor the superfluid density is essentially equal to the conduction electron density. The cuprates in contrast have only about 20% of the a b-plane low-energy spectral weight in the superfluid. The rest remains in finite-frequency, midinfrared absorption. In underdoped materials the superfluid fraction is even smaller. There are two ways to measure ρs, using either the partial sum rule for the conductivity or by examination of σ2 (ω) . Comparison of these two estimates of the superfluid density shows that 98% of the a b-plane superfluid density comes from energies below 0.15 eV. Many students, postdocs, and materials preparers have contributed to this work; to all I am very grateful.

  18. {sup 75}As NQR investigations of charge inhomogeneities in CeFe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}AsO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruening, Eva Maria; Lang, Guillaume; Grafe, Hans-Joachim; Veyrat, Louis; Wurmehl, Sabine; Buechner, Bernd [Leibniz-Institut fuer Festkoerper- und Werkstoffforschung, Dresden (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    In the iron pnictides superconductors, carrier doping plays a crucial role in the appearance of superconductivity, whereas the magnetic and the structural phase transitions are suppressed. This is for example the case in LaFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}. NQR measurements on LnFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} (Ln=La,Sm) showed in the underdoped region the coexistence of two charge environments at the nanoscale; they point to local electronic order in the iron layers. Surprisingly, in LaFeAsO and SmFeAsO, superconductivity could be successfully induced by cobalt substitution in place of iron which shows that in-plane disorder is highly tolerated in these compounds, as in 122 pnictides. This is in high contrast to the cuprate high-Tc superconductors where replacing Cu by other transition metals (Zn,Ni) leads to a suppression of superconductivity. We report on {sup 75}As NQR investigations of CeFe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}AsO (x=0.03,0.05,0.07) and the comparison of in-plane Co-doping and out-of-plane F-doping.

  19. Superconducting phase fluctuations in SmFeAsO0.8F0.2 from diamagnetism at a low magnetic field above Tc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prando, G.; Lascialfari, A.; Rigamonti, A.; Romanó, L.; Sanna, S.; Putti, M.; Tropeano, M.

    2011-08-01

    Superconducting fluctuations (SFs) in SmFeAsO0.8F0.2 (characterized by superconducting transition temperature Tc≃52.3 K) are investigated by means of isothermal high-resolution dc magnetization measurements. The diamagnetic response above Tc to magnetic fields up to 1 T is similar to that previously reported for underdoped cuprate superconductors and justified in terms of metastable superconducting islands of nonzero order parameter lacking long-range coherence because of strong phase fluctuations. In the high-field regime (H≳1.5 T) scaling arguments predicted on the basis of the Ginzburg-Landau theory for conventional SFs are confirmed, at variance with what is observed in the low-field regime. This fact shows that two different phenomena are simultaneously present in the fluctuating diamagnetism, namely the phase SFs of novel character and the conventional SFs. High magnetic fields (1.5 T ≲H≪Hc2) are found to suppress the former while leaving unaltered the latter.

  20. Anisotropic structural and magnetic properties of the field-aligned superconducting system SmFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25 and 0.3)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Y B; Hsiao, T K; Chang, B C; Tai, M F; Ku, H C [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Hsu, Y Y [Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 10677, Taiwan (China); Wei, Z; Ruan, K Q; Li, X G, E-mail: ypyou@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

    2011-01-01

    Anisotropic structural and magnetic properties of the field-aligned superconducting system SmFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25 and 0.3) are reported. Due to the Fe spin-orbital related anisotropic exchange coupling, all the tetragonal microcrystalline powders in epoxy were aligned at room temperature using the field-rotation method where the tetragonal ab-plane is parallel to the magnetic alignment field B{sub a} of 0.9 T and the c-axis parallels to the rotating axis. Anisotropic magnetic properties are studied through low temperature magnetic measurements along the c-axis and paralleled to the ab-plane of aligned samples in both zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) modes. The under-doped compound (x = 0.1) is not superconducting with an antiferromagnetic Neel temperature T{sub N} {approx} 40 K, while the two optimum-doped compounds (x = 0.2 and 0.25) show high superconducting transition temperatures T{sub c} of 49K and 50K, respectively. The variation of anisotropic structural and magnetic properties for this system are discussed and compared with the previously reported 52 K anisotropic superconductor Sm{sub 0.95}La{sub 0.05}FeAsO{sub 0.85}F{sub 0.15}.

  1. Anisotropic structural and magnetic properties of the field-aligned superconducting system SmFeAsO1-xFx (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25 and 0.3)

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Y. B.; Hsiao, T. K.; Chang, B. C.; Tai, M. F.; Hsu, Y. Y.; Ku, H. C.; Wei, Z.; Ruan, K. Q.; Li, X. G.

    2011-01-01

    Anisotropic structural and magnetic properties of the field-aligned superconducting system SmFeAsO1-xFx (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.25 and 0.3) are reported. Due to the Fe spin-orbital related anisotropic exchange coupling, all the tetragonal microcrystalline powders in epoxy were aligned at room temperature using the field-rotation method where the tetragonal ab-plane is parallel to the magnetic alignment field Ba of 0.9 T and the c-axis parallels to the rotating axis. Anisotropic magnetic properties are studied through low temperature magnetic measurements along the c-axis and paralleled to the ab-plane of aligned samples in both zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) modes. The under-doped compound (x = 0.1) is not superconducting with an antiferromagnetic Néel temperature TN ~ 40 K, while the two optimum-doped compounds (x = 0.2 and 0.25) show high superconducting transition temperatures Tc of 49K and 50K, respectively. The variation of anisotropic structural and magnetic properties for this system are discussed and compared with the previously reported 52 K anisotropic superconductor Sm0.95La0.05FeAsO0.85F0.15.

  2. Link between spin fluctuations and electron pairing in copper oxide superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, K; Butch, N P; Kirshenbaum, K; Paglione, J; Greene, R L

    2011-08-03

    Although it is generally accepted that superconductivity is unconventional in the high-transition-temperature copper oxides, the relative importance of phenomena such as spin and charge (stripe) order, superconductivity fluctuations, proximity to a Mott insulator, a pseudogap phase and quantum criticality are still a matter of debate. In electron-doped copper oxides, the absence of an anomalous pseudogap phase in the underdoped region of the phase diagram and weaker electron correlations suggest that Mott physics and other unidentified competing orders are less relevant and that antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations are the dominant feature. Here we report a study of magnetotransport in thin films of the electron-doped copper oxide La(2 - x)Ce(x)CuO(4). We show that a scattering rate that is linearly dependent on temperature--a key feature of the anomalous normal state properties of the copper oxides--is correlated with the electron pairing. We also show that an envelope of such scattering surrounds the superconducting phase, surviving to zero temperature when superconductivity is suppressed by magnetic fields. Comparison with similar behaviour found in organic superconductors strongly suggests that the linear dependence on temperature of the resistivity in the electron-doped copper oxides is caused by spin-fluctuation scattering.

  3. Electron doping evolution of the neutron spin resonance in NaFe1 -xCoxAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chenglin; Lv, Weicheng; Tan, Guotai; Song, Yu; Carr, Scott V.; Chi, Songxue; Matsuda, M.; Christianson, A. D.; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.; Harriger, L. W.; Dai, Pengcheng

    2016-05-01

    Neutron spin resonance, a collective magnetic excitation coupled to superconductivity, is one of the most prominent features shared by a broad family of unconventional superconductors including copper oxides, iron pnictides, and heavy fermions. In this paper, we study the doping evolution of the resonances in NaFe1 -xCoxAs covering the entire superconducting dome. For the underdoped compositions, two resonance modes coexist. As doping increases, the low-energy resonance gradually loses its spectral weight to the high-energy one but remains at the same energy. By contrast, in the overdoped regime we only find one single resonance, which acquires a broader width in both energy and momentum but retains approximately the same peak position even when Tc drops by nearly a half compared to optimal doping. These results suggest that the energy of the resonance in electron overdoped NaFe1 -xCoxAs is neither simply proportional to Tc nor the superconducting gap but is controlled by the multiorbital character of the system and doped impurity scattering effect.

  4. Study of temperature dependent local structure by polarized Cu K-edge EXAFS measurements on La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x CuO sub 4 (x=0.105, 0.13, 0.20)

    CERN Document Server

    Saini, N L; Bianconi, A; Oyanagi, H; Ito, T; Oka, K

    2003-01-01

    We have studied temperature dependent local structure of superconducting La sub 2 sub - sub x Sr sub x CuO sub 4 (0.105, 0.13, 0.20) single crystals by Cu K-edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements with polarization parallel to the in-plane Cu-O bonds. We find that, while underdoped crystals (x=0.105, 0.13) show anomalous temperature dependence, similar to the case of optimally doped system (x=0.15), overdoped crystal (x=0.20) does not reveal such anomaly. Correlated Debye-Waller factor (DWF) of the Cu-O bonds (distance broadening) has been used as an order parameter to determine characteristic local displacements in the CuO sub 2 plane. The amplitude of temperature dependent step-like increase in the DWF at low temperature decreases with increasing doping. It has been discussed that decreasing electron-lattice interaction with increasing doping, shown by angle resolved photoemission measurements, is closely related to the evolving anomalous local CuO sub 2 distortion and charge inho...

  5. Antagonistic effects of nearest-neighbor repulsion on the superconducting pairing dynamics in the doped Mott insulator regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reymbaut, A.; Charlebois, M.; Asiani, M. Fellous; Fratino, L.; Sémon, P.; Sordi, G.; Tremblay, A.-M. S.

    2016-10-01

    The nearest-neighbor superexchange-mediated mechanism for dx2-y2 superconductivity in the one-band Hubbard model faces the challenge that nearest-neighbor Coulomb repulsion can be larger than superexchange. To answer this question, we use cellular dynamical mean-field theory (CDMFT) with a continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo solver to determine the superconducting phase diagram as a function of temperature and doping for on-site repulsion U =9 t and nearest-neighbor repulsion V =0 ,2 t ,4 t . In the underdoped regime, V increases the CDMFT superconducting transition temperature Tcd even though it decreases the superconducting order parameter at low temperature for all dopings. However, in the overdoped regime V decreases Tcd. We gain insight into these paradoxical results through a detailed study of the frequency dependence of the anomalous spectral function, extracted at finite temperature via the MaxEntAux method for analytic continuation. A systematic study of dynamical positive and negative contributions to pairing reveals that even though V has a high-frequency depairing contribution, it also has a low frequency pairing contribution since it can reinforce superexchange through J =4 t2/(U -V ) . Retardation is thus crucial to understanding pairing in doped Mott insulators, as suggested by previous zero-temperature studies. We also comment on the tendency to charge order for large V and on the persistence of d -wave superconductivity over extended-s or s +d wave.

  6. High-temperature superconductors, as seen through the eyes of neutrons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Yamani

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available   Neutron scattering is proved to be a vital probe in unveiling the magnetic properties of high temperature superconductors (HTSC. Detailed information about the energy and momentum dependence of the magnetic dynamics of HTSC have been obtained directly by this technique. Over the past decade by improving the crystal growth methods, large and high quality single crystals of HTSC, which are essential for a neutron scattering experiment, have become available. The results of neutron scattering measurements on such crystals have considerably enhanced our understanding of the magnetism in HTSC both in the superconducting (SC and normal states. In this review, the neutron scattering results on two main HTSC families, La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCOx and YBa2CuO3O6+x (YBCO6+x, are considered with an emphasis on the most prominent properties of these materials that are now widely accepted. These include the presence of strong antiferromagnetic (AF fluctuations even in optimally doped region of the phase diagram, neutron resonance peak that scales with SC transition temperature, Tc, incommensurate magnetic fluctuations (stripes, and a pseudogap in the normal state of underdoped materials.

  7. Disappearance of nodal gap across the insulator-superconductor transition in a copper-oxide superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Yingying; Meng, Jianqiao; Mou, Daixiang; He, Junfeng; Zhao, Lin; Wu, Yue; Liu, Guodong; Dong, Xiaoli; He, Shaolong; Zhang, Jun; Wang, Xiaoyang; Peng, Qinjun; Wang, Zhimin; Zhang, Shenjin; Yang, Feng; Chen, Chuangtian; Xu, Zuyan; Lee, T K; Zhou, X J

    2013-01-01

    The parent compound of the copper-oxide high-temperature superconductors is a Mott insulator. Superconductivity is realized by doping an appropriate amount of charge carriers. How a Mott insulator transforms into a superconductor is crucial in understanding the unusual physical properties of high-temperature superconductors and the superconductivity mechanism. Here we report high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurement on heavily underdoped Bi₂Sr₂-xLaxCuO(₆+δ) system. The electronic structure of the lightly doped samples exhibit a number of characteristics: existence of an energy gap along the nodal direction, d-wave-like anisotropic energy gap along the underlying Fermi surface, and coexistence of a coherence peak and a broad hump in the photoemission spectra. Our results reveal a clear insulator-superconductor transition at a critical doping level of ~0.10 where the nodal energy gap approaches zero, the three-dimensional antiferromagnetic order disappears, and superconductivity starts to emerge. These observations clearly signal a close connection between the nodal gap, antiferromagnetism and superconductivity.

  8. Superconductor to Mott insulator transition in YBa2Cu3O7/LaCaMnO3 heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, B. A.; Middey, S.; Conti, G.; Gray, A. X.; Kuo, C.-T.; Kaiser, A. M.; Ueda, S.; Kobayashi, K.; Meyers, D.; Kareev, M.; Tung, I. C.; Liu, Jian; Fadley, C. S.; Chakhalian, J.; Freeland, J. W.

    2016-09-01

    The superconductor-to-insulator transition (SIT) induced by means such as external magnetic fields, disorder or spatial confinement is a vivid illustration of a quantum phase transition dramatically affecting the superconducting order parameter. In pursuit of a new realization of the SIT by interfacial charge transfer, we developed extremely thin superlattices composed of high Tc superconductor YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) and colossal magnetoresistance ferromagnet La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (LCMO). By using linearly polarized resonant X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism, combined with hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we derived a complete picture of the interfacial carrier doping in cuprate and manganite atomic layers, leading to the transition from superconducting to an unusual Mott insulating state emerging with the increase of LCMO layer thickness. In addition, contrary to the common perception that only transition metal ions may respond to the charge transfer process, we found that charge is also actively compensated by rare-earth and alkaline-earth metal ions of the interface. Such deterministic control of Tc by pure electronic doping without any hindering effects of chemical substitution is another promising route to disentangle the role of disorder on the pseudo-gap and charge density wave phases of underdoped cuprates.

  9. Fractionalized Fermi liquid with bosonic chargons as a candidate for the pseudogap metal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Shubhayu; Sachdev, Subir

    2016-11-01

    Doping a Mott-insulating Z2 spin liquid can lead to a fractionalized Fermi liquid (FL*). Such a phase has several favorable features that make it a candidate for the pseudogap metal for the underdoped cuprates. We focus on a particular, simple Z2-FL* state which can undergo a confinement transition to a spatially uniform superconductor which is smoothly connected to the "plain vanilla" BCS superconductor with d -wave pairing. Such a transition occurs by the condensation of bosonic particles carrying +e charge but no spin ("chargons"). We show that modifying the dispersion of the bosonic chargons can lead to confinement transitions with charge density waves and pair density waves at the same wave vector K , coexisting with d -wave superconductivity. We also compute the evolution of the Hall number in the normal state during the transition from the plain vanilla FL* state to a Fermi liquid, and argue, following Coleman, Marston, and Schofield [Phys. Rev. B 72, 245111 (2005), 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.245111], that it exhibits a discontinuous jump near optimal doping. We note the distinction between these results and those obtained from models of the pseudogap with fermionic chargons.

  10. Crystal Growth and Electronic Raman Scattering Study of Model High-Tc Cuprate HgBa2 CaCu2 O6 +Ä

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lichen; Li, Yuan; Luo, Xiangpeng; Li, Jiarui; Yuan Li's Group in ICQM Team

    In this talk, I will report our recent progress on crystal growth of HgBa2CaCu2O6 +x (Hg1212), which possesses a simple tetragonal crystal structure and the highest ambient-pressure Tc (128 K) among all cuprate superconductors with two CuO2 sheets in the primitive cell. Improvement in single-crystal synthesis was made possible by using self-designed high-pressure furnaces and a two-layer encapsulation method, and we demonstrate that the hole concentration can be homogeneously tuned in the underdoped region by post-growth annealing. Our electronic Raman scattering experiments reveal that the maximum of the d-wave superconducting gap increases from single-layer HgBa2CuO4 +x to double-layer Hg1212. In the same spectra, it is found that the characteristic energy of spin excitations, as manifested by the energy of the two-magnon signal, also increases in a nearly proportional fashion. This result is consistent with the idea that magnetic interactions are closely related to the Cooper pairing mechanism.

  11. A hidden pseudogap under the 'dome' of superconductivity in electron-doped high-temperature superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alff, L; Krockenberger, Y; Welter, B; Schonecke, M; Gross, R; Manske, D; Naito, M

    2003-04-17

    The ground state of superconductors is characterized by the long-range order of condensed Cooper pairs: this is the only order present in conventional superconductors. The high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) superconductors, in contrast, exhibit more complex phase behaviour, which might indicate the presence of other competing ground states. For example, the pseudogap--a suppression of the accessible electronic states at the Fermi level in the normal state of high-T(c) superconductors-has been interpreted as either a precursor to superconductivity or as tracer of a nearby ground state that can be separated from the superconducting state by a quantum critical point. Here we report the existence of a second order parameter hidden within the superconducting phase of the underdoped (electron-doped) high-T(c) superconductor Pr2-xCe(x)CuO4-y and the newly synthesized electron-doped material La2-xCe(x)CuO4-y (ref. 8). The existence of a pseudogap when superconductivity is suppressed excludes precursor superconductivity as its origin. Our observation is consistent with the presence of a (quantum) phase transition at T = 0, which may be a key to understanding high-T(c) superconductivity. This supports the picture that the physics of high-T(c) superconductors is determined by the interplay between competing and coexisting ground states.

  12. Metal–insulator crossover in high c cuprates: A gauge field approach

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P A Marchetti; Z B Su; L Yu

    2002-05-01

    A metal–insulator crossover appears in the experimental data for in-plane resistivity of underdoped cuprates and a range of superconducting cuprates in the presence of a strong magnetic field suppressing superconductivity. We propose an explanation for this phenomenon based on a gauge field theory approach to the t-J model. In this approach, based on a formal spin-charge separation, the low energy effective action describes gapful spinons (with a theoretically derived doping dependence of the gap $m^{2}_{s}∼|{\\rm ln }|$) and holons with finite Fermi surface (F ∼ ) interacting via a gauge field whose basic effect on the spinons is to bind them into overdamped spin waves, shifting their gap by a damping term linear in , which causes the metal–insulator crossover. The presence of a magnetic field perpendicular to the plane acts by increasing the damping, in turn producing a big positive transverse in-plane magnetoresistance at low , as experimentally observed.

  13. Ultrasonic signatures at the superconducting and the pseudogap phase boundaries in YBCO cuprates.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shehter, Arkady [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Migliori, Albert [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Betts, Jonathan B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balakirev, Fedor F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McDonald, Ross David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Riggs, Scott C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ramshaw, Brad [University of British Columbia, Canada; Liang, Ruixing [University of British Columbia, Canada; Hardy, Walter N. [University of British Columbia, Canada; Bonn, Doug A. [University of British Columbia, Canada

    2012-08-28

    A major issue in the understanding of cuprate superconductors is the nature of the metallic state from which high temperature superconductivity emerges. Central to this issue is the pseudogap region of the doping-temperature phase diagram that extends from room temperature to the superconducting transition. Although polarized neutron scattering studies hint at magnetic order associated with the pseudogap, there is no clear thermodynamic evidence for a phase boundary. Such evidence has a straightforward physical interpretation, however, it is difficult to obtain over a temperature range wide enough to encompass both the pseudogap and superconducting phases. We address this by measuring the elastic response of detwinned single crystals, an underdoped YBCO{sub 6.60} with superconducting transition at T{sub c} = 61.6K and a slightly overdoped YBCO{sub 6.98} with T{sub c} = 88.0K. We observe a discontinuity in the elastic moduli across the superconducting transition. Its magnitude requires that pair formation is coincident with superconducting coherence (the onset of the Meissner effect). For both crystals the elastic response reveals a phase transition at the pseudogap boundary. In slightly overdoped YBCO that transition is 20K below T{sub c}, extending the pseudogap phase boundary inside the superconducting dome. This supports a description of the metallic state in cuprates where a pseudogap phase boundary evolves into a quantum critical point masked by the superconducting dome.

  14. Onsager rule, quantum oscillation frequencies, and the density of states in the mixed-vortex state of cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhiqiang; Chakravarty, Sudip

    2016-05-01

    The Onsager rule determines the relationship between Fermi surface area and frequencies of quantum oscillations in magnetic fields. We show that this rule remains intact to an excellent approximation in the mixed-vortex state of the underdoped cuprates even though the Landau level index n may be fairly low, n ˜10 . The models we consider are fairly general, consisting of a variety of density wave states combined with d -wave superconductivity within a mean field theory. Vortices are introduced as quenched disorder and averaged over many realizations, which can be considered as snapshots of a vortex liquid state. We also show that the oscillations ride on top of a field independent density of states ρ (B ) for higher fields. This feature appears to be consistent with recent specific heat measurements [C. Marcenat et al., Nature Communications 6, 7927 (2015), 10.1038/ncomms8927]. The experimental data do not go to low fields at the lowest temperature 3 K. Thus, we cannot compare the density of state for the entire field range. Of course, the high temperature data are linear in the field at lower fields, as they should be, but our theory is only valid at very low temperatures, ideally at zero temperature. At lower fields and zero temperature we model the system as an ordered vortex lattice, and show that its density of states follows a dependence ρ (B ) ∝√{B } in agreement with the semiclassical results [JETP Lett 58, 469 (1993)].

  15. Intrinsic temperature-dependent evolutions in the electron-boson spectral density obtained from optical data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Jungseek

    2016-03-01

    We investigate temperature smearing effects on the electron-boson spectral density function (I2χ(ω)) obtained from optical data using a maximum entropy inversion method. We start with two simple model input I2χ(ω), calculate the optical scattering rates at selected temperatures using the model input spectral density functions and a generalized Allen’s formula, then extract back I2χ(ω) at each temperature from the calculated optical scattering rate using the maximum entropy method (MEM) which has been used for analysis of optical data of high-temperature superconductors including cuprates, and finally compare the resulting I2χ(ω) with the input ones. From this approach we find that the inversion process can recover the input I2χ(ω) almost perfectly when the quality of fits is good enough and also temperature smearing (or thermal broadening) effects appear in the I2χ(ω) when the quality of fits is not good enough. We found that the coupling constant and the logarithmically averaged frequency are robust to the temperature smearing effects and/or the quality of fits. We use these robust properties of the two quantities as criterions to check whether experimental data have intrinsic temperature-dependent evolutions or not. We carefully apply the MEM to two material systems (one optimally doped and the other underdoped cuprates) and conclude that the I2χ(ω) extracted from the optical data contain intrinsic temperature-dependent evolutions.

  16. Direct imaging of structural domains in iron pnictides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanatar, Makariy

    2010-03-01

    The parent compounds of iron-arsenide superconductors undergo first order structural transition between tetragonal and orthorhombic phases at a temperature, TS. In AFe2As2 (122) compounds (A=Ca,Sr,Ba) this occurs simultaneously with magnetic transition at TM. Using a combination of polarized light microscopy and spatially-resolved high-energy synchrotron x-ray diffraction we show the orthorhombic distortion leads to the formation of 45^o-type structural domains in both 122 and 1111 single crystals. Domains penetrate through the sample thickness in the c-direction and are not affected by crystal imperfections such as growth terraces. The domains form regular stripe patterns in the plane with a characteristic dimension of 10-50 μm. In a range of low Co-doped compositions structural domains and superconductivity coexist. With the increasing doping level the domain structure becomes more intertwined and fine due to a decrease in the orthorhombic distortion. This results in an energy landscape with maze-like spatial modulations favorable for pinning and intrinsically high critical current densities in the underdoped regime. M.A.Tanatar et al. Phys. Rev. B 79, 180508 (R) (2009). R. Prozorov et al. arxiv: 0909.0923, Phys. Rev.B accepted.

  17. Superconducting fluctuations and pseudogap in high-Tc cuprates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alloul H.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Large pulsed magnetic fields up to 60 Tesla are used to suppress the contribution of superconducting fluctuations (SCF to the ab-plane conductivity above Tc in a series of YBa2Cu3O6+x. These experiments allow us to determine the field Hc’(T and the temperature Tc’ above which the SCFs are fully suppressed. A careful investigation near optimal doping shows that Tc’ is higher than the pseudogap temperature T*, which is an unambiguous evidence that the pseudogap cannot be assigned to preformed pairs. Accurate determinations of the SCF contribution to the conductivity versus temperature and magnetic field have been achieved. They can be accounted for by thermal fluctuations following the Ginzburg-Landau scheme for nearly optimally doped samples. A phase fluctuation contribution might be invoked for the most underdoped samples in a T range which increases when controlled disorder is introduced by electron irradiation. Quantitative analysis of the fluctuating magnetoconductance allows us to determine the critical field Hc2(0 which is found to be be quite similar to Hc’ (0 and to increase with hole doping. Studies of the incidence of disorder on both Tc’ and T* allow us to to propose a three dimensional phase diagram including a disorder axis, which allows to explain most observations done in other cuprate families.

  18. Dependence of the critical temperature in overdoped copper oxides on superfluid density

    Science.gov (United States)

    Božović, I.; He, X.; Wu, J.; Bollinger, A. T.

    2016-08-01

    The physics of underdoped copper oxide superconductors, including the pseudogap, spin and charge ordering and their relation to superconductivity, is intensely debated. The overdoped copper oxides are perceived as simpler, with strongly correlated fermion physics evolving smoothly into the conventional Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer behaviour. Pioneering studies on a few overdoped samples indicated that the superfluid density was much lower than expected, but this was attributed to pair-breaking, disorder and phase separation. Here we report the way in which the magnetic penetration depth and the phase stiffness depend on temperature and doping by investigating the entire overdoped side of the La2-xSrxCuO4 phase diagram. We measured the absolute values of the magnetic penetration depth and the phase stiffness to an accuracy of one per cent in thousands of samples; the large statistics reveal clear trends and intrinsic properties. The films are homogeneous; variations in the critical superconducting temperature within a film are very small (less than one kelvin). At every level of doping the phase stiffness decreases linearly with temperature. The dependence of the zero-temperature phase stiffness on the critical superconducting temperature is generally linear, but with an offset; however, close to the origin this dependence becomes parabolic. This scaling law is incompatible with the standard Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer description.

  19. Impact of quenched oxygen disorder on charge density wave order in YBa2Cu3O6+x.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achkar, A J; Mao, X; McMahon, Christopher; Sutarto, R; He, F; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D A; Hardy, W N; Hawthorn, D G

    2014-09-05

    The competition between superconductivity and charge density wave (CDW) order in underdoped cuprates has now been widely reported, but the role of disorder in this competition has yet to be fully resolved. A central question is whether disorder sets the length scale of the CDW order, for instance by pinning charge density fluctuations or disrupting an otherwise long-range order. Using resonant soft x-ray scattering, we investigate the sensitivity of CDW order in YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO) to varying levels of oxygen disorder. We find that quench cooling YBCO6.67 (YBCO6.75) crystals to destroy their o-V and o-VIII (o-III) chains decreases the intensity of the CDW superlattice peak by a factor of 1.9 (1.3), but has little effect on the CDW correlation length, incommensurability, and temperature dependence. This reveals that while quenched oxygen disorder influences the CDW order parameter, the spatial extent of the CDW order is insensitive to the level of quenched oxygen disorder and may instead be a consequence of competition with superconductivity.

  20. Transport measurements on individual CuO 2 double layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mößle, M.; Kleiner, R.; Gatt, R.; Onellion, M.; Müller, P.

    2000-11-01

    Oxygen loss at the surface of Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O 8+ x single crystals provides CuO 2 layers with different critical temperatures. Particularly for overdoped crystals this allows to achieve a T c maximum near the surface. We performed transport measurements of this oxygen depleted layer. Samples were prepared by evaporating four Pb or Ag electrodes on top of freshly cleaved Bi 2Sr 2CaCu 2O 8+ x single crystals. Using overdoped crystals with a bulk T c of 55 to 60 K, the outermost layer was found to be underdoped with T c down to 30 K while the adjacent one was near optimal doping with T c between 80 and 90 K. The T c of the third layer was close to the bulk value. For temperatures above the bulk T c often only one CuO 2 double layer was found to be superconducting. We discuss current transport measurements with current flow along the CuO 2 layers.

  1. Preparation and characterization of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} thin films on piezoelectric substrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pahlke, Patrick; Trommler, Sascha; Huehne, Ruben; Holzapfel, Bernhard; Schultz, Ludwig [IFW Dresden, Institute for Metallic Materials, PO Box 270116, D-01171 Dresden (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    The electronic properties of superconducting materials are correlated to external strain. A suitable approach to study this interplay is the preparation of thin superconducting films on piezoelectric substrates. The lattice parameter of the ses substrates can be tuned continuously by applying an electric field. Superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) thin films were successfully prepared on single crystalline piezoelectric (001) Pb(Mg{sub 1/3}Nb{sub 2/3}){sub 0.72}Ti{sub 0.28}O{sub 3} substrates using off-axis pulsed laser deposition. Transport measurements revealed a superconducting transition temperature of T{sub c,50} = 89 K wi th a transition width of 1 K. By inducing a biaxial strain of 0.2% in the a-b plane of YBCO a shift of the superconducting transition temperature of {delta}T{sub c,50} = 0.1 K was observed for optimally doped YBCO. A significant larger effect was found for underdoped samples. We will present the results of these straining experiments and the detailed structural analysis of the grown films. Furthermore our investigations on low temperature properties of the used PMN-PT substrates, which are required for the evaluation of the applicable strain in this temperature region, will be discussed.

  2. Two strongly correlated electron systems: the Kondo mode in the strong coupling limit and a 2-D model of electrons close to an electronic topological transition; Deux systemes d'electrons fortement correles: le modele de reseau Kondo dans la limite du couplage fort et un modele bidimensionnel d'electrons au voisinage d'une transition topologique electronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouis, F

    1999-10-14

    Two strongly correlated electron systems are considered in this work, Kondo insulators and high Tc cuprates. Experiments and theory suggest on one hand that the Kondo screening occurs on a rather short length scale and on the other hand that the Kondo coupling is renormalized to infinity in the low energy limit. The strong coupling limit is then the logical approach although the real coupling is moderate. A systematic development is performed around this limit in the first part. The band structure of these materials is reproduced within this scheme. Magnetic fluctuations are also studied. The antiferromagnetic transition is examined in the case where fermionic excitations are shifted to high energy. In the second part, the Popov and Fedotov representation of spins is used to formulate the Kondo and the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model in terms of a non-polynomial action of boson fields. In the third part the properties of high Tc cuprates are explained by a change of topology of the Fermi surface. This phenomenon would happen near the point of optimal doping and zero temperature. It results in the appearance of a density wave phase in the under-doped regime. The possibility that this phase has a non-conventional symmetry is considered. The phase diagram that described the interaction and coexistence of density wave and superconductivity is established in the mean-field approximation. The similarities with the experimental observations are numerous in particular those concerning the pseudo-gap and the behavior of the resistivity near optimal doping. (author)

  3. Striped superconductors: how spin, charge and superconducting orders intertwine in the cuprates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, Erez; Kivelson, Steven A [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4060 (United States); Fradkin, Eduardo [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801-3080 (United States); Tranquada, John M [Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)], E-mail: kivelson@stanford.edu

    2009-11-15

    Recent transport experiments in the original cuprate high temperature superconductor, La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4}, have revealed a remarkable sequence of transitions and crossovers that give rise to a form of dynamical dimensional reduction, in which a bulk crystal becomes essentially superconducting in two directions while it remains poorly metallic in the third. We identify these phenomena as arising from a distinct new superconducting state, the 'striped superconductor', in which the superconducting order is spatially modulated, so that its volume average value is zero. Here, in addition to outlining the salient experimental findings, we sketch the order parameter theory of the state, stressing some of the ways in which a striped superconductor differs fundamentally from an ordinary (uniform) superconductor, especially concerning its response to quenched randomness. We also present the results of density matrix renormalization group calculations on a model of interacting electrons in which sign oscillations of the superconducting order are established. Finally, we speculate concerning the relevance of this state to experiments in other cuprates, including recent optical studies of La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} in a magnetic field, neutron scattering experiments in underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} and a host of anomalies seen in STM and ARPES studies of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}}.

  4. Incommensurate Spin Correlations Induced by Magnetic Fe ions Substituted into Overdoped Bi1.75Pb0.35Sr1.90CuO6+z

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hiraka, H.; Tranquada, J.; Hayashi, Y.; Wakimoto, S.; Takeda, M.; Kakurai, K.; Adachi, T.; Koike, Y.; Yamada, I.; Miyazaki, M.; Hiraishi, M.; Takeshita, S.; Kohda, A.; Kadono, R.; Yamada, K.

    2010-04-01

    Spin correlations in the overdoped region of Bi{sub 1.75}Pb{sub 0.35}Sr{sub 1.90}CuO{sub 6+z} have been explored with Fe-doped single crystals characterized by neutron scattering, muon-spin-rotation spectroscopy, and magnetic-susceptibility measurements. Static incommensurate spin correlations induced by the Fe spins are revealed by elastic neutron scattering. The resultant incommensurability {delta} is unexpectedly large (-0.2 r.l.u.), as compared with {delta}-1/8 in overdoped superconductor La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}. Intriguingly, the large {delta} in this overdoped region is close to the hole concentration p. This result is reminiscent of the {delta}{approx}p trend observed in underdoped La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}; however, it is inconsistent with the saturation of {delta} in the latter compound in the overdoped regime. While our findings in Fe-doped Bi{sub 1.75}Pb{sub 0.35}Sr{sub 1.90}CuO{sub 6+z} support the commonality of incommensurate spin correlations in high-T{sub c} cuprate superconductors, they also suggest that the magnetic response might be dominated by a distinct mechanism in the overdoped region.

  5. Evolution of superconducting correlations within magnetic-field-decoupled La2-xBaxCuO4 (x=0.095)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stegen, Z.; Han, Su Jung; Wu, Jie; Pramanik, A. K.; Hücker, M.; Gu, Genda; Li, Qiang; Park, J. H.; Boebinger, G. S.; Tranquada, J. M.

    2013-02-01

    We explore the evolution of superconductivity in La2-xBaxCuO4 with x=0.095 in magnetic fields of up to 35 T applied perpendicular to the CuO2 planes. Previous work on this material has shown that perpendicular fields enhance both charge- and spin-stripe order within the planes. We present measurements of the resistivity parallel and perpendicular to the planes, as well as the Hall effect. Measurements of magnetic susceptibility for fields of up to 15 T applied both parallel and perpendicular to the planes provide complementary measures of the superconductivity. We show that fields sufficient to destroy pair tunneling between the planes do not disrupt the superconducting correlations within the planes. In fact, we observe an onset of large-amplitude but phase-disordered superconductivity within the planes at approximately 30 K that is remarkably insensitive to field. With further cooling, we observe a phase-transition-like drop in the in-plane resistivity to an apparent state of superconductivity despite the lack of phase coherence between the layers. These observations raise interesting questions concerning the identification of the upper critical field, where pairing is destroyed, in underdoped cuprates.

  6. Energy-dependent crossover from anisotropic to isotropic magnetic dispersion in lightly doped La1.96Sr0.04CuO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuda, M.; Granroth, G. E.; Fujita, M.; Yamada, K.; Tranquada, J. M.

    2013-02-01

    Inelastic neutron-scattering experiments have been performed on lightly doped La1.96Sr0.04CuO4, which shows diagonal incommensurate spin correlations at low temperatures. We previously reported that this crystal, with a single orthorhombic domain, exhibits the “hourglass” dispersion at low energies [Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.101.197001 101, 197001 (2008)]. In this paper, we investigate in detail the energy evolution of the magnetic excitations up to 65 meV. It is found that the anisotropic excitations at low energies, dispersing only along the spin modulation direction, cross over to an isotropic, conical dispersion that resembles spin waves in the parent compound La2CuO4. The change from twofold to full symmetry on crossing the waist of the hourglass reproduces behavior first identified in studies of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x. We discuss the significance of these results.

  7. Enhanced charge stripe order of superconducting La2-xBaxCuO4 in a magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hücker, M.; v. Zimmermann, M.; Xu, Z. J.; Wen, J. S.; Gu, G. D.; Tranquada, J. M.

    2013-01-01

    The effect of a magnetic field on the charge stripe order in La2-xBaxCuO4 has been studied by means of high-energy (100 keV) x-ray diffraction for charge carrier concentrations ranging from strongly underdoped to optimally doped. We find that charge stripe order can be significantly enhanced by a magnetic field applied along the c axis, but only at temperatures and dopings where it coexists with bulk superconductivity at zero field. The field also increases stripe correlations between the planes, which can result in an enhanced frustration of the interlayer Josephson coupling. Close to the famous x=(1)/(8) compound, where zero field stripe order is pronounced and bulk superconductivity is suppressed, charge stripe order is independent of a magnetic field. The results for La2-xBaxCuO4 resemble recent observations in YBa2Cu3O6+δ and, independent of potential differences in the microscopic origin of charge order in these two compounds, imply a very similar competition with three-dimensionally coherent superconductivity.

  8. Charge-screening role of c -axis atomic displacements in YBa2Cu3O6 +x and related superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Božin, E. S.; Huq, A.; Shen, Bing; Claus, H.; Kwok, W. K.; Tranquada, J. M.

    2016-02-01

    The importance of charge reservoir layers for supplying holes to the CuO2 planes of cuprate superconductors has long been recognized. Less attention has been paid to the screening of the charge transfer by the intervening ionic layers. We address this issue in the case of YBa2Cu3O6 +x , where CuO chains supply the holes for the planes. We present a simple dielectric-screening model that gives a linear correlation between the relative displacements of ions along the c axis, determined by neutron powder diffraction, and the hole density of the planes. Applying this model to the temperature-dependent shifts of ions along the c axis, we infer a charge transfer of 5-10% of the hole density from the planes to the chains on warming from the superconducting transition to room temperature. Given the significant coupling of c -axis displacements to the average charge density, we point out the relevance of local displacements for screening charge modulations and note recent evidence for dynamic screening of in-plane quasiparticles. This line of argument leads us to a simple model for atomic displacements and charge modulation that is consistent with images from scanning-tunneling microscopy for underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 +δ .

  9. Stripe order in La2-xBaxCuO4 at ambient and high pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huecker, M.; Wen, J. S.; Xu, Z. J.; Gu, G. D.; Tranquada, J. M.; Zimmermann, M. V.

    2009-03-01

    The pronounced stability of the charge and spin stripe order in La2-xBaxCuO4 at x=1/8 doping still is a poorly understood peculiarity. A combination of electronic and structural interactions is likely, however it has been difficult to clearly separate the involved mechanisms. One approach is to explore how stripe order fades away for dopings x !=1/8. We have performed high energy (100 keV) x-ray diffraction and static magnetization experiments on single crystals between x=0.095 and 0.155. To our surprise, at ambient pressure stripes exist in a much broader range of doping around x=1/8 than expected. In the underdoped region charge stripe order always coincides with a structural transition associated with a rotation of the octahedral tilt axis. However, for x=1/8 and high pressure we have been able to show that stripe order also occurs in the absence of this structural phase, which motivates us to discuss stripes in terms of an electronic liquid crystal phase.

  10. Striped superconductors: how spin, charge and superconducting orders intertwine in the cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Erez; Fradkin, Eduardo; Kivelson, Steven A.; Tranquada, John M.

    2009-11-01

    Recent transport experiments in the original cuprate high temperature superconductor, La2-xBaxCuO4, have revealed a remarkable sequence of transitions and crossovers that give rise to a form of dynamical dimensional reduction, in which a bulk crystal becomes essentially superconducting in two directions while it remains poorly metallic in the third. We identify these phenomena as arising from a distinct new superconducting state, the 'striped superconductor', in which the superconducting order is spatially modulated, so that its volume average value is zero. Here, in addition to outlining the salient experimental findings, we sketch the order parameter theory of the state, stressing some of the ways in which a striped superconductor differs fundamentally from an ordinary (uniform) superconductor, especially concerning its response to quenched randomness. We also present the results of density matrix renormalization group calculations on a model of interacting electrons in which sign oscillations of the superconducting order are established. Finally, we speculate concerning the relevance of this state to experiments in other cuprates, including recent optical studies of La2-xSrxCuO4 in a magnetic field, neutron scattering experiments in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x and a host of anomalies seen in STM and ARPES studies of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ.

  11. Mottness at finite doping and charge-instabilities in cuprates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peli, S; Dal Conte, S; Comin, R; Nembrini, N; Ronchi, A; Abrami, P; Banfi, F; Ferrini, G; Brida, D; Lupi, S; Fabrizio, M; Damascelli, A; Capone, M; Cerullo, G; Giannetti, C

    2017-08-01

    The influence of the Mott physics on the doping-temperature phase diagram of copper oxides represents a major issue that is subject of intense theoretical and experimental effort. Here, we investigate the ultrafast electron dynamics in prototypical single-layer Bi-based cuprates at the energy scale of the O-2p→Cu-3d charge-transfer (CT) process. We demonstrate a clear evolution of the CT excitations from incoherent and localized, as in a Mott insulator, to coherent and delocalized, as in a conventional metal. This reorganization of the high-energy degrees of freedom occurs at the critical doping pcr ≈0.16 irrespective of the temperature, and it can be well described by dynamical mean field theory calculations. We argue that the onset of the low-temperature charge instabilities is the low-energy manifestation of the underlying Mottness that characterizes the p < pcr region of the phase diagram. This discovery sets a new framework for theories of charge order and low-temperature phases in underdoped copper oxides.

  12. Effects of out-of-plane disorder on the superconductivity of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2-x}La{sub x}CuO{sub 6+{delta}}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roehler, Juergen; Trabant, Christoph; Frielingsdorf, Johanna; Djemour, Rabia [Universitaet Koeln, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Martovitsky, Victor [Lebedev-Institute, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Dudy, Lenart; Dwelk, Helmut; Krapf, Alica [Humboldt Universitaet Berlin, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    The effects of out-of-plane substitutional order/disorder on cuprate superconductivity remains to a large extent an unresolved issue. We have investigated the connection between superconductivity and the lattice effects arising from the heterovalent doping of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2-x}La{sub x}CuO{sub 6+{delta}}, x = 0.8-0.1. Decreasing lanthanum content tunes the compound through the entire underdoped and overdoped regimes. Cu-K and La- K EXAFS served as local structural probes, and single crystal X-ray diffraction for the determination of the basic unit cell, and the symmetry of the supercell. The oxygen atoms in the CuO{sub 2} planes were found significantly disordered, dependent on doping, and to exhibit minimum disorder around x{sub opt}=0.33. But the degree of substitutional disorder in the out-of-plane La environment turned out independent on the concentration of the La dopants, the superstructure symmetry, and the crystal growth parameters, whereas T{sub c} depends sensitively on them. No evidence was found for possible concentration dependent site changes of the La dopant from the nominal Sr to the Bi sites. We discuss the probably crucial role of the interstitial oxygen atoms for the superconducting properties of the Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2-x}La{sub x}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} system.

  13. A {mu}SR study of the magnetoresistive ruthenocuprates RuSr{sub 2}Nd{sub 1.8-x}Y {sub 0.2}Ce{sub x}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 10-{delta}} (x = 0.95 and 0.80)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mclaughlin, A C [Department of Chemistry, University of Aberdeen, Meston Walk, Aberdeen AB24 3UE (United Kingdom); Attfield, J P [Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions and School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, King' s Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Van Duijn, J [Instituto de Investigacion en EnergIas Renovables, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha, Albacete, E02006 (Spain); Hillier, A D, E-mail: a.c.mclaughlin@abdn.ac.uk [ISIS facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

    2011-09-14

    Zero field muon spin relaxation (ZF-{mu}SR) has been used to study the magnetic properties of the underdoped giant magnetoresistive ruthenocuprates RuSr{sub 2}Nd{sub 1.8-x}Y {sub 0.2}Ce{sub x}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 10-{delta}} (x = 0.95, 0.80). The magnetoresistance (MR) is defined so that MR = (({rho}{sub H}-{rho}{sub 0})/{rho}{sub 0}) and the giant magnetoresistive ruthenocuprates RuSr{sub 2}Nd{sub 1.8-x}Y {sub 0.2}Ce{sub x}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 10-{delta}} exhibit a large reduction in electronic resistivity upon application of a magnetic field. The ZF-{mu}SR results show a gradual loss of initial asymmetry A{sub 0} at the ruthenium spin transition temperature, T{sub Ru}. At the same time the electronic relaxation rate, {lambda}, shows a gradual increase with decreasing temperature below T{sub Ru}. These results have been interpreted as evidence for Cu spin cluster formation below T{sub Ru}. These magnetically ordered clusters grow as the temperature is decreased thus causing the initial asymmetry to decrease slowly. Giant magnetoresistance is observed over a wide temperature range in the materials studied and the magnitude increases as the temperature is reduced from T{sub Ru} to 4 K which suggests a relation between Cu spin cluster size and |-MR|. (paper)

  14. High temperature superconductors at optimal doping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. E. Pickett

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available   Intensive study of the high temperature superconductors has been ongoing for two decades. A great deal of this effort has been devoted to the underdoped regime, where the new and difficult physics of the doped Mott insulator has met extra complications including bilayer coupling/splitting, shadow bands, and hot spots. While these complications continue to unfold, in this short overview the focus is moved to the region of actual high-Tc, that of optimal doping. The focus here also is not on the superconducting state itself, but primarily on the characteristics of the normal state from which the superconducting instability arises, and even these can be given only a broad-brush description. A reminder is given of two issues,(i why the “optimal Tc” varies,for n-layered systems it increases for n up to 3, then decreases for a given n, Tc increases according to the ‘basis’ atom in the order Bi, Tl, Hg (ii how does pressure, or a particular uniaxial strain, increase Tc when the zero-strain system is already optimally doped?

  15. Universal bulk charge-density-wave (CDW) correlations in the cuprate superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabis, Wojciech

    2014-03-01

    The recent observation of bulk CDW order in YBa2Cu3O8+δ(YBCO) in competition with superconductivity is a significant development. Using Cu L-edge resonant X-ray scattering, we also observe bulk CDW order in HgBa2CuO4+δ(Hg1201 Tc = 72K). The correlations appear below TCDW ~ 200K, well below the pseudogap temperature T* ~ 320K associated with unusual magnetism, but coincident with the onset of Fermi-liquid-like charge transport. In contrast to YBCO, we observe no decrease of the CDW amplitude below Tc, and the correlation length is short and temperature independent. CDW correlations therefore are a universal property of underdoped cuprates, enhanced by low structural symmetry and a magnetic field, but fundamentally not in significant competition with superconductivity. We also discuss the relationship between the CDW modulation wave vector and the Fermi surface area extracted from QO experiments. Work supported by DOE-BES. In collaboration with Y. Li, M. Le Tacon, L. Braicovich, A. Kreyssig, M. Minola, G. Dellea, E. Weschke, M. Veit, A. Goldman, T. Schmitt, G. Ghiringhelli, N. Barisic, M.K. Chan, C. Dorow, G. Yu, X. Zhao, B. Keimer, M. Greven.

  16. Superconductor to Mott insulator transition in YBa2Cu3O7/LaCaMnO3 heterostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, B A; Middey, S; Conti, G; Gray, A X; Kuo, C-T; Kaiser, A M; Ueda, S; Kobayashi, K; Meyers, D; Kareev, M; Tung, I C; Liu, Jian; Fadley, C S; Chakhalian, J; Freeland, J W

    2016-01-01

    The superconductor-to-insulator transition (SIT) induced by means such as external magnetic fields, disorder or spatial confinement is a vivid illustration of a quantum phase transition dramatically affecting the superconducting order parameter. In pursuit of a new realization of the SIT by interfacial charge transfer, we developed extremely thin superlattices composed of high Tc superconductor YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) and colossal magnetoresistance ferromagnet La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (LCMO). By using linearly polarized resonant X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism, combined with hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we derived a complete picture of the interfacial carrier doping in cuprate and manganite atomic layers, leading to the transition from superconducting to an unusual Mott insulating state emerging with the increase of LCMO layer thickness. In addition, contrary to the common perception that only transition metal ions may respond to the charge transfer process, we found that charge is also actively compensated by rare-earth and alkaline-earth metal ions of the interface. Such deterministic control of Tc by pure electronic doping without any hindering effects of chemical substitution is another promising route to disentangle the role of disorder on the pseudo-gap and charge density wave phases of underdoped cuprates.

  17. Effect of interlayer coupling on the coexistence of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in Fe pnictide superconductors: A study of Ca0.74 (1 )La0.26 (1 )(Fe1 -xCox)As2 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Shan; Liu, Lian; Schütt, Michael; Hallas, Alannah M.; Shen, Bing; Tian, Wei; Emmanouilidou, Eve; Shi, Aoshuang; Luke, Graeme M.; Uemura, Yasutomo J.; Fernandes, Rafael M.; Ni, Ni

    2016-05-01

    We report the transport, thermodynamic, muon spin relaxation, and neutron study of the Ca0.74 (1 )La0.26 (1 ) (Fe1 -xCox )As2 single crystals, mapping out the temperature-doping level phase diagram. Upon Co substitution on the Fe site, the structural and magnetic phase transitions in this 112 compound are suppressed and superconductivity up to 20 K occurs. Our measurements of the superconducting and magnetic volume fractions show that these two phases coexist microscopically in the underdoped region, in contrast to the related Ca10(Pt3As8 )((Fe1 -xPtx )2As2 )5 (10-3-8) compound, where coexistence is absent. Supported by model calculations, we discuss the differences in the phase diagrams of the 112 and 10-3-8 compounds in terms of the FeAs interlayer coupling, whose strength is affected by the character of the spacer layer, which is metallic in the 112 compound and insulating in the 10-3-8 compound.

  18. Doping dependence of the pressure response of Tc in the SmO(1-x)F(x)FeAs superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takabayashi, Yasuhiro; McDonald, Martin T; Papanikolaou, Dionisis; Margadonna, Serena; Wu, G; Liu, R H; Chen, X H; Prassides, Kosmas

    2008-07-23

    The superconducting transition temperature of the high-Tc SmO1-xFxFeAs superconductors increases monotonically as the F-doping level x increases to 0.20. High-pressure magnetization experiments reveal a strong sensitivity of Tc to interatomic distances in the underdoped regime (x

  19. Quantum transport equations for low-dimensional multiband electronic systems: I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupčić, I; Rukelj, Z; Barišić, S

    2013-04-10

    A systematic method of calculating the dynamical conductivity tensor in a general multiband electronic model with strong boson-mediated electron-electron interactions is described. The theory is based on the exact semiclassical expression for the coupling between valence electrons and electromagnetic fields and on the self-consistent Bethe-Salpeter equations for the electron-hole propagators. The general diagrammatic perturbation expressions for the intraband and interband single-particle conductivity are determined. The relations between the intraband Bethe-Salpeter equation, the quantum transport equation and the ordinary transport equation are briefly discussed within the memory-function approximation. The effects of the Lorentz dipole-dipole interactions on the dynamical conductivity of low-dimensional spα models are described in the same approximation. Such formalism proves useful in studies of different (pseudo)gapped states of quasi-one-dimensional systems with the metal-to-insulator phase transitions and can be easily extended to underdoped two-dimensional high-Tc superconductors.

  20. Pseudogap in cuprates driven by d-wave flux-phase order proximity effects: a theoretical analysis from Raman and ARPES experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greco, Andrés; Bejas, Matías

    2014-12-01

    One of the puzzling characteristics of the pseudogap phase of high-Tc cuprates is the nodal-antinodal dichotomy. While the nodal quasiparticles have a Fermi liquid behaviour, the antinodal ones show non-Fermi liquid features and an associated pseudogap. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and electronic Raman scattering are two valuable tools which have shown universal features which are rather material-independent, and presumably intrinsic to the pseudogap phase. The doping and temperature dependence of the Fermi arcs and the pseudogap observed by photoemission near the antinode correlates with the non-Fermi liquid behaviour observed by Raman for the B1g mode. In contrast, and similar to the nodal quasiparticles detected by photoemission, the Raman B2g mode shows Fermi liquid features. We show that these two experiments can be analysed, in the context of the t-J model, by self-energy effects in the proximity to a d-wave flux-phase order instability. This approach supports a crossover origin for the pseudogap, and a scenario of two competing phases. The B2g mode shows, in an underdoped case, a depletion at intermediate energy which has attracted renewed interest. We study this depletion and discuss its origin and relation with the pseudogap.

  1. Scaling of the Stress and Temperature Dependence of the Optical Anisotropy in Ba(Fe1-x Co x )2As2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mirri, C.; Dusza, A.; Bastelberger, S.; Chu, J. -H.; Kuo, H. -H.; Fisher, I. R.; Degiorgi, L.

    2016-09-15

    We revisit our recent investigations of the optical properties in the underdoped regime of the title compounds with respect to their anisotropic behavior as a function of both temperature and uniaxial stress across the ferro-elastic tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transition. By exploiting a dedicated pressure device, we can tune and control uniaxial stress in situ thus changing the degree of detwinning of the samples in the orthorhombic SDW state as well as pressure-inducing an orthorhombicity in the paramagnetic tetragonal phase. We discover a hysteretic behavior of the optical anisotropy; its stress versus temperature dependence across the structural transition bears testimony to the analogy with the magnetic-field versus temperature dependence of the magnetization in a ferromagnet when crossing the Curie temperature. In this context, we find furthermore an intriguing scaling of the stress and temperature dependence of the optical anisotropy in Ba(Fe1-x Co x )2As2.

  2. Effect of additional second-neighbor hopping on Gossamer superconductivity in the t-t '-J-U model%t-t'-J-U模型中电子次近邻跃迁对Gossamer超导的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芬芬; 张勇; 郭冰

    2013-01-01

    基于重整化平均场理论,在二维空穴掺杂t-t'-J-U模型的框架下,用Gutzwiller平均场近似理论研究高温超导体的基态相图,分析了次近邻跃迁电子(t’)对电子平均双重占据数(d)的影响.发现在掺杂浓度δ≠0的掺杂Gossamer超导态,次近邻跃迁的引入使d的数值在欠掺杂浓度区增大,在过掺杂浓度区显著减少.%The effect of additional second - neighbor hopping (t') on double occupation electrons (d) of superconductors was investigated with a renormalized mean field theory based on the Gutzwiller variational approach in the two dimensions hole-doped t-t'-J-U model. For the δ≠0 Gossamer superconductors, the d is slightly enhanced by t' in underdoped regions and greatly suppressed in overdoped regions.

  3. Determining the in-plane Fermi surface topology in high T(c) superconductors using angle-dependent magnetic quantum oscillations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, N; McDonald, R D

    2009-05-13

    We propose a quantum oscillation experiment by which the rotation of an underdoped YBa(2)Cu(3)O(6+x) sample about two different axes with respect to the orientation of the magnetic field can be used to infer the shape of the in-plane cross-section of corrugated Fermi surface cylinder(s). Deep corrugations in the Fermi surface are expected to give rise to nodes in the quantum oscillation amplitude that depend on the magnitude and orientation of the magnetic induction B. Because the symmetries of electron and hole cylinders within the Brillouin zone are expected to be very different, the topology can provide essential clues as to the broken symmetry responsible for the observed oscillations. The criterion for the applicability of this method to the cuprate superconductors (as well as other layered metals) is that the difference in quantum oscillation frequency 2ΔF between the maximum (belly) and minimum (neck) extremal cross-sections of the corrugated Fermi surface exceeds |B|.

  4. Direct Spectroscopic Evidence for Phase Competition between the Pseudogap and Superconductivity in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, Makoto [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Nowadnick, Elizabeth A. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States); He, Rui-Hua [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Vishik, Inna M. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Moritz, Brian [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States); He, Yu [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Tanaka, Kiyohisa [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Osaka Univ. (Japan); Moore, Robert G. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lu, Donghui [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Yoshida, Yoshiyuki [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba (Japan); Ishikado, Motoyuki [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba (Japan); Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai (Japan); Sasagawa, Takao [Tokyo Inst. of Technology (Japan); Fujita, Kazuhiro [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Ishida, Shigeyuku [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Uchida, Shinichi [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Eisaki, Hiroshi [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba (Japan); Hussain, Zahid [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Devereaux, Thomas P. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Shen, Zhi-Xun [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    2014-11-02

    In the high-temperature (Tc) cuprate superconductors, increasing evidence suggests that the pseudogap, existing below the pseudogap temperature T*, has a distinct broken electronic symmetry from that of superconductivity. Particularly, recent scattering experiments on the underdoped cuprates have suggested that a charge ordering competes with superconductivity. However, no direct link of this physics and the important low-energy excitations has been identified. We report an antagonistic singularity at Tc in the spectral weight of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ as a compelling evidence for phase competition, which persists up to a high hole concentration p ~ 0.22. Comparison with a theoretical calculation confirms that the singularity is a signature of competition between the order parameters for the pseudogap and superconductivity. Our observation of the spectroscopic singularity at finite temperatures over a wide doping range provides new insights into the nature of the competitive interplay between the two intertwined phases and the complex phase diagram near the pseudogap critical point.

  5. In-plane polarization dependence of (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+δ} single crystals studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghafari, A., E-mail: ghafari@physik.hu-berlin.de [Institute of Physics, Humboldt University of Berlin, Newtonstr., 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste, Strada Statale 14 km 163.5, I-34149 Trieste (Italy); Ariffin, A.K. [Institute of Physics, Humboldt University of Berlin, Newtonstr., 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Department of Physics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim (Malaysia); Janowitz, C., E-mail: christoph.janowitz@physik.hu-berlin.de [Institute of Physics, Humboldt University of Berlin, Newtonstr., 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Dwelk, H.; Krapf, A.; Manzke, R. [Institute of Physics, Humboldt University of Berlin, Newtonstr., 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2014-06-15

    The effects of in-plane polarization change on the determination of the hole density of weakly under-doped (Bi, Pb)-2212 single crystals has been studied by x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The XAS signal at the CuL{sub 3} edge (925–940 eV) and O K edge (525 eV to 539 eV) were recorded under continuous rotation of the CuO{sub 2} plane from 0° to 180° with a minimum increment of 1.8°, yielding experimentally an in-plane polarization dependence for the absorption signals at the respective threshold. From that the in-plane angular dependence of the hole density (n{sub H}(φ)) could be determined. Fermi's golden rule was then used for the evaluation of the in-plane polarization dependence showing the expected polarization independence in disaccord to the experimental observations. Possible scenarios to solve this issue are discussed. Our results propose that polarization dependence could be due to inhomogeneous distribution of holes in the CuO{sub 2} planes which is also supported by models. Second, the role of out of plane orbitals has to be taken into account for interpretation.

  6. Elastic anomalies in BaFe{sub 2-x}Ni{sub x}As{sub 2} crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saint-Paul, M., E-mail: michel.saint-paul@grenoble.cnrs.fr [Institut Neel, CNRS et Universite Joseph Fourier BP 166, F 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Abbassi, A. [Faculte des Sciences et Techniques de Tanger, BP 416 Tanger, Universite Abdelmalek Essaadi (Morocco); Wang Zhaosheng [Institut Neel, CNRS et Universite Joseph Fourier BP 166, F 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Institute of Physics and National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Luo Huinqian; Lu Xingye; Ren Cong [Institute of Physics and National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Wen, Hai-Hu [Institute of Physics and National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); National Laboratory for Solid State Microstuctures, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, 210093 Nanjing (China); Hasselbach, K. [Institut Neel, CNRS et Universite Joseph Fourier BP 166, F 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2012-12-14

    We present ultrasonic measurements on superconducting BaFe{sub 2-x}Ni{sub x}As{sub 2} crystals with x = 0.07 and x = 0.15. The elastic constants C{sub 33} and C{sub 44} for the underdoped crystal (x = 0.07) show a large softening related to the structural phase transition at high temperatures. Anomalies in the sound velocity and the ultrasonic attenuation have been found at the superconducting phase transition T{sub c} = 17 K. Ultrasonic attenuation exhibits a peak at the superconducting transition in contrast with the attenuation in conventional superconductors. In the overdoped crystal (x = 0.15) a minimum of C{sub 66} is found at a temperature just above the superconducting temperature T{sub c} = 13 K. Superconducting energy gap values have been tentatively extracted from the longitudinal ultrasonic attenuation. Unconventional behaviour of the ultrasonic attenuation is observed in the superconducting BaFe{sub 2-x}Ni{sub x}As{sub 2} crystals.

  7. Local Structural and Electronic Changes Associated with the Bromination of YBCO: Charge Transfer and Cu-O Distortions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieng, Lamine M.; Tyson, Trevor A.; Croft, M.; Dogan, F.; Woicik, Joseph; Grow, James

    2000-03-01

    In order to understand the role of bromination in the recovery of superconductivity and metallic transport in underdoped YBCO, we have measured the local structural changes in brominated single crystal samples and compared them with normal samples. From the c-axis polarized near edge x-ray absorption measurements, we see, for the first time, direct evidence for the transfer of hole density into the Cu(2)O2 planes in brominated samples. The corresponding XAFS measurements show large changes in the c-axis Cu-O bond distribution. Measurements of the local structure about Ba and Br were also performed. No evidence was found for the incorporation of Br onto the O(4) sites as previously suggested by some authors. We were able to model the coordination of Br and found it to be consistent with BaBr2 as suggested by Fukuda et al. [1] and Potrepka et al. [2]. This work is supported by National Science Foundation Career Grant DMR-9733862. [1] Y. Fukuda et al. Phys. Rev. B 47, 418 (1993). [2] D. M. Potrepka et al., Phys. Rev. B 60, 10489 (1999).

  8. Reassessment of the electronic state, magnetism, and superconductivity in high-Tc cuprates with the Nd2CuO4 structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naito, Michio; Krockenberger, Yoshiharu; Ikeda, Ai; Yamamoto, Hideki

    2016-04-01

    The electronic phase diagram of the cuprates remains enigmatic and is still a key ingredient to understand the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity. It has been believed for a long time that parent compounds of cuprates were universally antiferromagnetic Mott insulators (charge-transfer insulators) and that high-Tc superconductivity would develop upon doping holes or electrons in a Mott-Hubbard insulator ("doped Mott-insulator scenario"). However, our recent discovery of superconductivity in the parent compounds of square-planar cuprates with the Nd2CuO4 (T') structure and the revised electronic phase diagram in T' cuprates urged a serious reassessment to the above scenario. In this review, we present the main results derived from our synthesis and experiments on T' cuprates in the undoped or heavily underdoped regime over 20 years, including material issues and basic physics. The key material issue is how to remove excess oxygen ions at the apical site without introducing oxygen vacancies in the CuO2 planes. In order to put this into practice, the basic knowledge of complex solid-state chemistry in T' cuprates is required, which is also included in this review.

  9. Coexistence of Fermi arcs and Fermi pockets in a high-T(c) copper oxide superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Jianqiao; Liu, Guodong; Zhang, Wentao; Zhao, Lin; Liu, Haiyun; Jia, Xiaowen; Mu, Daixiang; Liu, Shanyu; Dong, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jun; Lu, Wei; Wang, Guiling; Zhou, Yong; Zhu, Yong; Wang, Xiaoyang; Xu, Zuyan; Chen, Chuangtian; Zhou, X J

    2009-11-19

    In the pseudogap state of the high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) copper oxide superconductors, angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) measurements have seen Fermi arcs-that is, open-ended gapless sections in the large Fermi surface-rather than a closed loop expected of an ordinary metal. This is all the more puzzling because Fermi pockets (small closed Fermi surface features) have been suggested by recent quantum oscillation measurements. The Fermi arcs cannot be understood in terms of existing theories, although there is a solution in the form of conventional Fermi surface pockets associated with competing order, but with a back side that is for detailed reasons invisible to photoemission probes. Here we report ARPES measurements of Bi(2)Sr(2-x)La(x)CuO(6+delta) (La-Bi2201) that reveal Fermi pockets. The charge carriers in the pockets are holes, and the pockets show an unusual dependence on doping: they exist in underdoped but not overdoped samples. A surprise is that these Fermi pockets appear to coexist with the Fermi arcs. This coexistence has not been expected theoretically.

  10. The amplitudes and the structure of the charge density wave in YBCO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharkov, Y. A.; Sushkov, O. P.

    2016-10-01

    We find unknown s- and d-wave amplitudes of the recently discovered charge density wave (CDW) in underdoped cuprates. To do so we perform a combined analysis of experimental data for ortho-II YBa2Cu3Oy. The analysis includes data on nuclear magnetic resonance, resonant inelastic X-ray scattering, and hard X-ray diffraction. The amplitude of doping modulation found in our analysis is 3.5 · 10‑3 in a low magnetic field and T = 60 K, the amplitude is 6.5 · 10‑3 in a magnetic field of 30T and T = 1.3 K. The values are in units of elementary charge per unit cell of a CuO2 plane. We show that the data rule out a checkerboard pattern, and we also show that the data might rule out mechanisms of the CDW which do not include phonons.

  11. Sign change of the vortex Hall effect in superconducting YBCO thin films with a square pattern of ion-irradiated defect columns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zechner, G.; Haag, L. T.; Lang, W.; Dosmailov, M.; Bodea, M. A.; Pedarnig, J. D.

    2017-02-01

    The Hall effect in the mixed state of thin films of the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) that were patterned with a square array of regions with suppressed superconducting order parameter is investigated. Cylindrical defect columns penetrating the entire thin YBCO film along its crystallographic c - axis have been created by irradiation with He+ ions through a silicon stencil mask. Distinct peaks of the critical current at commensurate arrangements of magnetic flux quanta with the artificial defect lattice confirm enhanced vortex pinning. Vortex motion not only leads to a dissipative voltage along the current direction but also to a transverse voltage, termed vortex Hall effect. We report on the observation of a novel commensurability effect in the transverse Hall signal. A sign change and a positive peak of the Hall coefficient appear in a narrow magnetic field range around the matching field. The feature appears in the temperature range below the critical temperature, where the Hall effect usually is negative in underdoped and optimally-doped cuprate superconductors. The results indicate that the Hall matching effect originates from enhanced pinning of the vortices along the regular defect columns.

  12. YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7−δ} nanorings to probe fluxoid quantization in High Critical Temperature Superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arpaia, R. [Quantum Device Physics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); CNR-SPIN, Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Charpentier, S. [Quantum Device Physics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Toskovic, R. [Quantum Device Physics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Department of Quantum Nanoscience, Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, NL-2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Bauch, T. [Quantum Device Physics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Lombardi, F., E-mail: floriana.lombardi@chalmers.se [Quantum Device Physics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-41296 Göteborg (Sweden)

    2014-11-15

    Highlights: • We fabricated YBCO nanorings, whose arms have cross sections down to 50 × 30 nm{sup 2}. • We measured the magnetoresistance R(B) close to the superconducting transition. • Large R(B) oscillations have been interpreted in terms of vortex dynamics. • The FFT peak of the R(B) oscillations can be associated to a h/2e periodicity. • The homogeneity in the rings favors a uniform vorticity of the order parameter. - Abstract: We have realized YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7−δ} (YBCO) nanorings and measured the magnetoresistance R(B) close to the superconducting transition. The large oscillations that we have measured can be interpreted in terms of vortex dynamics triggering the nanowires to the resistive state. The Fast Fourier Transform spectrum of the magnetoresistance oscillations shows a single sharp peak for nanorings with narrower loop arm width: this peak can be univocally associated to a h/2e periodicity as predicted for optimally doped YBCO. Moreover it is a clear evidence of a uniform vorticity of the order parameter inside the rings, confirming a high degree of homogeneity of our nanostructures. This result gives a boost to further investigations of YBCO nanorings at different dopings within the superconducting dome, where in the underdoped regime a R(B) periodicity different from the conventional h/2e has been predicted.

  13. Anomalous suppression of superconductivity in LiCl-doped Bi-2223

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mihalache, V.; Aldica, G.; Badica, P

    2003-10-15

    From ac susceptibility measurements of the [Bi(Pb)]{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub z} (Bi-2223) samples doped with LiCl, we have found and report for the first time anomalously suppressed superconductivity (T{sub c} is anomalously decreasing) in the slightly under-doped region. For our BPSCCO/(LiCl){sub y} samples this region is situated around y=0.07. Hole concentration (p) per number of Cu-O planes of the Bi-2223 unit cell, determined from room temperature thermopower (S{sub 300K}) measurements, is approximately 0.15 when y is within anomalous region. Literature data shows that for the La-based cuprates, similar suppression of superconductivity was observed at p{approx}0.12 (so-called '1/8 problem'). This discrepancy would appear because charge ordering phenomenon (probably induced by Li known as a pair breaker as e.g. Zn) may be accompanied by changes in oxygen content or oxygen ordering effects.

  14. Thermoelectric power as evidence for a Quantum Phase Transition in electron-doped cuprates Pr2-xCexCuO4-y .

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pengcheng; Greene, R. L.; Behnia, K.

    2006-03-01

    We report magnetic field driven normal state thermoelectric power (S) measurement in electron-doped cuprate system Pr2-xCexCuO4-y as a function of doping (x from 0.11 to 0.19) down to 2K. Consistent with the normal state Hall effect^a, S in the underdoped region (0.11-0.15) is negative. S changes sign at certain temperatures in overdoped samples (0.16-0.18), which supports the picture of a spin density wave rearrangement of the Fermi surface^b. More significantly, both S and S/T at 2K (at 9T) increase dramatically from x=0.11 to 0.16, and then saturate in the overdoped region. This kink around x=0.16 is similar to the previous Hall effect result^a in Pr2-xCexCuO4-y. Our results are further evidence for antiferromagnetism to paramagnetism quantum phase transition in electron-doped cuprates. a. Y. Dagan et al, Physical Review Letters, 92 (16) 167001, 2004 b. A. Zimmers et al, Europhysics Letters 70 (2) 225, 2005

  15. Direct angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and superconductivity of strained high-c films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Davor Pavuna; Daniel Ariosa; Dominique Cloetta; Claudia Cancellieri; Mike Abrecht

    2008-02-01

    Since 1997 we systematically perform direct angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) on in-situ grown thin (< 30 nm) cuprate films. Specifically, we probe low-energy electronic structure and properties of high-c superconductors (HTSC) under different degrees of epitaxial (compressive vs. tensile) strain. In overdoped and underdoped in-plane compressed (the strain is induced by the choice of substrate) ≃ 15 nm thin La2-SrCuO4 (LSCO) films we almost double c to 40 K, from 20 K and 24 K, respectively. Yet the Fermi surface (FS) remains essentially two-dimensional. In contrast, ARPES data under tensile strain exhibit the dispersion that is three-dimensional, yet c drastically decreases. It seems that the in-plane compressive strain tends to push the apical oxygen far away from the CuO2 plane, enhances the two-dimensional character of the dispersion and increases c, while the tensile strain acts in the opposite direction and the resulting dispersion is three-dimensional. We have established the shape of the FS for both cases, and all our data are consistent with other ongoing studies, like EXAFS. As the actual lattice of cuprates is like a `Napoleon-cake', i.e. rigid CuO2 planes alternating with softer `reservoir', that distort differently under strain, our data rule out all oversimplified two-dimensional (rigid lattice) mean field models. The work is still in progress on optimized La-doped Bi-2201 films with enhanced c.

  16. Optically induced lattice deformations, electronic structure changes, and enhanced superconductivity in YBa2Cu3O6.48

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Mankowsky

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Resonant optical excitation of apical oxygen vibrational modes in the normal state of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x induces a transient state with optical properties similar to those of the equilibrium superconducting state. Amongst these, a divergent imaginary conductivity and a plasma edge are transiently observed in the photo-stimulated state. Femtosecond hard x-ray diffraction experiments have been used in the past to identify the transient crystal structure in this non-equilibrium state. Here, we start from these crystallographic features and theoretically predict the corresponding electronic rearrangements that accompany these structural deformations. Using density functional theory, we predict enhanced hole-doping of the CuO2 planes. The empty chain Cu dy2-z2 orbital is calculated to strongly reduce in energy, which would increase c-axis transport and potentially enhance the interlayer Josephson coupling as observed in the THz-frequency response. From these results, we calculate changes in the soft x-ray absorption spectra at the Cu L-edge. Femtosecond x-ray pulses from a free electron laser are used to probe changes in absorption at two photon energies along this spectrum and provide data consistent with these predictions.

  17. Signatures of new d-wave vortex physics in overdoped Tl2Ba2CuO(6+x) revealed by TF-µ(+)SR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Jess H; Stubbs, Scott L; Liang, Ruixing; Bonn, D A; Hardy, W N; Sonier, J E; MacFarlane, W Andrew; Peets, Darren C

    2015-09-16

    The spontaneous expulsion of applied magnetic field, the Meissner effect, is a defining feature of superconductors; in Type-II superconductors above the lower critical field, this screening takes the form of a lattice of magnetic flux vortices. Using implanted spin-1/2 positive muons, one can measure the vortex lattice field distribution through the spin precession and deduce key parameters of the superconducting ground state, and thereby fundamental properties of the superconducting pairing. Muon spin rotation/relaxation (µSR) experiments have indeed revealed much interesting physics in the underdoped cuprates, where superconductivity is closely related to, or coexistent with, disordered or fluctuating magnetic and charge excitations. Such complications should be absent in overdoped cuprates, which are believed to exhibit conventional Fermi liquid behaviour. These first transverse field (TF)-µ(+)SR experiments on heavily-overdoped single crystals reveal a superfluid density exhibiting a clear inflection point near 0.5Tc, with a striking doping-independent scaling. This reflects hitherto unrecognized physics intrinsic to d-wave vortices, evidently generic to the cuprates, and may offer fundamentally new insights into their still-mysterious superconductivity.

  18. Evidence of a short-range incommensurate d-wave charge order from a fermionic two-loop renormalization group calculation of a 2D model with hot spots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Vanuildo S de [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Goiás, 74.001-970, Goiânia-GO (Brazil); Freire, Hermann, E-mail: hfreire@mit.edu [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Goiás, 74.001-970, Goiânia-GO (Brazil); Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 2139 (United States)

    2014-09-15

    The two-loop renormalization group (RG) calculation is considerably extended here for the two-dimensional (2D) fermionic effective field theory model, which includes only the so-called “hot spots” that are connected by the spin-density-wave (SDW) ordering wavevector on a Fermi surface generated by the 2D t−t{sup ′} Hubbard model at low hole doping. We compute the Callan–Symanzik RG equation up to two loops describing the flow of the single-particle Green’s function, the corresponding spectral function, the Fermi velocity, and some of the most important order-parameter susceptibilities in the model at lower energies. As a result, we establish that–in addition to clearly dominant SDW correlations–an approximate (pseudospin) symmetry relating a short-range incommensurated-wave charge order to the d-wave superconducting order indeed emerges at lower energy scales, which is in agreement with recent works available in the literature addressing the 2D spin-fermion model. We derive implications of this possible electronic phase in the ongoing attempt to describe the phenomenology of the pseudogap regime in underdoped cuprates.

  19. Floating-zone growth and property characterizations of high-quality La2-xSrxCuO4 superconductor crystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shen Xiao-Li; Li Zheng-Cai; Shen Cai-Xia; Lu Wei; Dong Xiao-Li; Zhou Fang; Zhao Zhong-Xian

    2009-01-01

    We have grown underdoped (x = 0.11, 0.12) and optimally doped (x = 0.16) La2-xSrxCuO4 single crystals by the traveling-solvent floating-zone technique. In order to prepare good quality cuprate crystals, we have made much effort to optimize the preparation procedures. For example, we haveadopted the sol-gel route to prepare a highly fine and homogeneous La2-xSrxCuO4 precursor powder for fabricating a very dense ceramic feed rod used for the floating-zone growth, and we have also used quite a slow growth rate. The high quality of the grown crystals has been verified by double-crystal x-ray rocking curves, with the full-width-at-half-maximum being only 113-150 arcseconds, which are the best data reported so far for La2-xSrxCuO4 crystals. The superconducting critical temperatures of the grown crystals are 30, 31 and 38.5 K for x = 0.11, 0.12 and 0.16 samples, respectively, according to magnetic measurements.

  20. Multiple quantum oscillation frequencies in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} and bilayer splitting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Aldea, David; Chakravarty, Sudip, E-mail: sudip@physics.ucla.ed [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States)

    2010-10-15

    Experiments have revealed multiple quantum oscillation frequencies in underdoped high-temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}}, corresponding to approximately 10% doping, which contains CuO bilayers in the unit cell. These unit cells are further coupled along the c-axis by a tunneling matrix element. A model of the energy dispersion that has its roots in the previously determined electronic structure, combined with twofold commensurate density waves, reveals multiple electron and hole pockets. To the extent that quasiparticles of the reconstructed Fermi surface have finite residues, however small, the formation of Landau levels is the cause of these oscillations, and the bilayer splitting and warping of the electronic dispersion along the direction perpendicular to the CuO-planes are firm consequences. The goal here is to explore this possibility from various directions and provide a better understanding of the rapidly developing experimental situation involving multiple frequencies. An important conclusion is that bilayer splitting is considerably renormalized from the value obtained from band structure calculations. It would be extremely interesting to perform these experiments for higher values of doping. We roughly expect the splitting of the frequencies to increase with doping, but the full picture may be more complex because the density wave order parameter is also expected to decrease with doping, vanishing around the middle of the superconducting dome.

  1. Softening of the elastic shear mode C{sub 66} in iron-based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehmer, Anna; Burger, Philipp [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Fakultaet fuer Physik, D-76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Hardy, Frederic; Schweiss, Peter; Fromknecht, Rainer; Wolf, Thomas; Meingast, Christoph [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Reinecker, Marius; Schranz, Wilfried [Universitaet Wien, Fakultaet fuer Physik, A-1090 Wien, Vienna (Austria)

    2013-07-01

    The structural phase transition of underdoped iron-based superconductors is accompanied by a large softening of the elastic shear mode C{sub 66}, which has attracted considerable attention. This softening has been discussed both in terms of orbital and spin-nematic fluctuations which would be responsible for the structural phase transition and, possibly, superconductivity. However, sample requirements have so far restricted experimental investigations of C{sub 66} (via measurements of the ultrasound velocity) to the Ba(Fe,Co){sub 2}As{sub 2} system. Here, we report on a new technique, based on a three-point bending setup, to probe the Young's modulus of a sample with a capacitance dilatometer. For certain orientations, the Young's modulus is related to the elastic constant C{sub 66} whose effective temperature dependence can be obtained. Platelet-like samples, as frequently encountered for iron-based systems, are easily studied with our setup. Data on several systems are presented and discussed.

  2. Nodal Liquid Theory of the Pseudo-Gap Phase of High-Tc Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balents, Leon; Fisher, Matthew P. A.; Nayak, Chetan

    We introduce and study the nodal liquid, a novel zero-temperature quantum phase obtained by quantum-disordering a d-wave superconductor. It has numerous remarkable properties which lead us to suggest it as an explanation of the pseudo-gap state in underdoped high-temperature superconductors. In the absence of impurities, these include power-law magnetic order, a T-linear spin susceptibility, nontrivial thermal conductivity, and two- and one-particle charge gaps, the latter evidenced, e.g. in transport and electron photoemission (which exhibits pronounced fourfold anisotropy inherited from the d-wave quasiparticles). We use a (2+1)-dimensional duality transformation to derive an effective field theory for this phase. The theory is comprised of gapless neutral Dirac particles living at the former d-wave nodes, weakly coupled to the fluctuating gauge field of a dual Ginzburg-Landau theory. The nodal liquid interpolates naturally between the d-wave superconductor and the insulating antiferromagnet, and our effective field theory is powerful enough to permit a detailed analysis of a panoply of interesting phenomena, including charge ordering, antiferromagnetism, and d-wave superconductivity. We also discuss the zero-temperature quantum phase transitions which separate the nodal liquid from various ordered phases.

  3. Thermal evolution of antiferromagnetic correlations and tetrahedral bond angles in superconducting FeTe1 -xSex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zhijun; Schneeloch, J. A.; Wen, Jinsheng; Božin, E. S.; Granroth, G. E.; Winn, B. L.; Feygenson, M.; Birgeneau, R. J.; Gu, Genda; Zaliznyak, I. A.; Tranquada, J. M.; Xu, Guangyong

    2016-03-01

    It has recently been demonstrated that dynamical magnetic correlations measured by neutron scattering in iron chalcogenides can be described with models of short-range correlations characterized by particular choices of four-spin plaquettes, where the appropriate choice changes as the parent material is doped towards superconductivity. Here we apply such models to describe measured maps of magnetic scattering as a function of two-dimensional wave vectors obtained for optimally superconducting crystals of FeTe1 -xSex . We show that the characteristic antiferromagnetic wave vector evolves from that of the bicollinear structure found in underdoped chalcogenides (at high temperature) to that associated with the stripe structure of antiferromagnetic iron arsenides (at low temperature); these can both be described with the same local plaquette, but with different interplaquette correlations. While the magnitude of the low-energy magnetic spectral weight is substantial at all temperatures, it actually weakens somewhat at low temperature, where the charge carriers become more itinerant. The observed change in spin correlations is correlated with the dramatic drop in the electronic scattering rate and the growth of the bulk nematic response upon cooling. Finally, we also present powder neutron diffraction results for lattice parameters in FeTe1 -xSex indicating that the tetrahedral bond angle tends to increase towards the ideal value upon cooling, in agreement with the increased screening of the crystal field by more itinerant electrons and the correspondingly smaller splitting of the Fe 3 d orbitals.

  4. Bounding the pseudogap with a line of phase transitions in YBa2Cu3O6+δ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shekhter, Arkady; Ramshaw, B J; Liang, Ruixing; Hardy, W N; Bonn, D A; Balakirev, Fedor F; McDonald, Ross D; Betts, Jon B; Riggs, Scott C; Migliori, Albert

    2013-06-06

    Close to optimal doping, the copper oxide superconductors show 'strange metal' behaviour, suggestive of strong fluctuations associated with a quantum critical point. Such a critical point requires a line of classical phase transitions terminating at zero temperature near optimal doping inside the superconducting 'dome'. The underdoped region of the temperature-doping phase diagram from which superconductivity emerges is referred to as the 'pseudogap' because evidence exists for partial gapping of the conduction electrons, but so far there is no compelling thermodynamic evidence as to whether the pseudogap is a distinct phase or a continuous evolution of physical properties on cooling. Here we report that the pseudogap in YBa2Cu3O6+δ is a distinct phase, bounded by a line of phase transitions. The doping dependence of this line is such that it terminates at zero temperature inside the superconducting dome. From this we conclude that quantum criticality drives the strange metallic behaviour and therefore superconductivity in the copper oxide superconductors.

  5. High pressure study of high-temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souliou, Sofia-Michaela

    2014-09-29

    The current thesis studies experimentally the effect of high external pressure on high-T{sub c} superconductors. The structure and lattice dynamics of several members of the high-T{sub c} cuprate and Fe-based superconductors families were investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction under well-controlled, hydrostatic high pressure and low temperature conditions. The lattice dynamics of the high-T{sub c} superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} have been investigated systematically by Raman spectroscopy as a function of doping (x = 0.95, 0.75, 0.60, 0.55, and 0.45) and external pressure. Under ambient pressure conditions, in addition to the Raman modes expected from group theory, we observe new Raman active phonons upon cooling the underdoped samples, at temperatures well above the superconducting transition temperature. The doping dependence and the onset temperatures of the new Raman features suggest that they are associated with the incommensurate charge density wave (CDW) state recently discovered in underdoped cuprates using synchrotron X-ray scattering techniques. Under high pressure conditions (from 2 to 12 GPa), our Raman measurements on highly ordered underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.55} samples do not show any of the new Raman phonons seen at ambient pressure. High pressure and low temperature Raman measurements have been performed on the underdoped superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 4}O{sub 8}. A clear renormalization of some of the Raman phonons is seen below T{sub c} as a result of the changes in the phonon self-energy upon the opening of the superconducting gap, with the most prominent one being that of the B{sub 1g}-like buckling phonon mode. The amplitude of this renormalization strongly increases with pressure, resembling the effect of hole doping in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}. At ∝ 10 GPa, the system undergoes a reversible pressure-induced structural phase transition to a non-centrosymmmetric structure (space group

  6. Measurement of Localized Nonlinear Microwave Response of Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sheng-Chiang; Palmer, Benjamin; Maiorov, B.

    2005-03-01

    We measure the local harmonic generation from superconducting thin films at microwave frequencies to investigate the intrinsic nonlinear Meissner effect near T/c in zero magnetic field. Both second and third harmonic generation are measured to identify time-reversal symmetry breaking (TRSB) and time-reversal symmetric (TRS) nonlinearities. The microscope can measure the local nonlinear response of a bicrystal grain boundary [Sheng-Chiang Lee and Steven M. Anlage, Physica C 408-410, 324 (2004); cond-mat/0408170]. We also performed a systematic doping-dependent study of the nonlinear response and find that the TRS characteristic nonlinearity current density scale follows the doping dependence of the de-pairing critical current density [cond-mat/0405595]. We extract a spontaneous TRSB characteristic current density scale that onsets at T/c, grows with decreasing temperature, and systematically decreases in magnitude (at fixed T/T/c) with under-doping. The origin of this current scale could be Josephson circulating currents or the spontaneous magnetization associated with a TRSB order parameter.

  7. Frank Isakson Prize for Optical Effects in Solids: Optical spectroscopy and mechanisms of superconductivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Marel, Dirk

    By its very nature the phenomenon of superconductivity is intimately connected to the electrodynamics properties of a material, both in the normal and in the superconducting state. Optical spectroscopy and electrical transport -corresponding to the zero-frequency limit of the optical response- provide for this reason sensitive tools probing the collective response of a superconducting material. Optical spectroscopy can provide the real and imaginary parts of the optical conductivity of an electron liquid for all frequencies from radiowaves through infrared and visible up to the ultraviolet and even X-ray frequencies. Theory of the optical response is particularly well developed, leading among others to a number of sumrules, providing powerful tools for confronting experiment and theoretical models of superconducting pairing. In this talk examples of sumrules will be discussed relating to the kinetic energy and the Coulomb energy of the paired electrons, and experimental data of addressing these two energies will be presented. The basic understanding of pair formation in the conventional (i.e. BCS) model of superconductivity is, that electrons form pairs as a result of an attractive interaction. On general grounds one than expects the interaction energy to become reduced when the electrons form pairs, while at the same their kinetic energy increases. Superconductivity is a stable state of matter provided that all contributions together result in a lowering of the total (interaction, kinetic plus other terms if relevant) lowering of energy. In this talk I will demonstrate that these two effects can be observed in the cuprate superconductors, that behave according to aforementioned trends for strongly overdoped cuprates, but that the observed effects have the opposite sign for underdoped and optimally doped cuprates. These observations compare favorably with published numerical calculations based on models of strong electron-electron correlation, not involving the

  8. Muon spin rotation study of magnetism and superconductivity in BaFe{sub 2-x}Co{sub x}As{sub 2} and Pr{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}FeAsO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernhard, C; Drew, A J; Schulz, L; Malik, V K; Roessle, M [Department of Physics and Fribourg Center for Nanomaterials-Frimat, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musee 3, CH-1700 Fribourg (Switzerland); Niedermayer, Ch [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETHZ and PSI, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Wolf, Th [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, IFP, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Varma, G D [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667 (India); Mu, G; Wen, H-H [National Laboratory for Superconductivity, Institute of Physics and Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, PO Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Liu, H; Wu, G; Chen, X H [University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)], E-mail: christian.bernhard@unifr.ch

    2009-05-15

    We present a muon spin rotation ({mu}SR) study of the magnetic and superconducting properties of single crystals of electron-doped BaFe{sub 2-x}Co{sub x}As{sub 2} with x = 0.08, 0.20 and 0.25 (T{sub c} = 9, 25 and 20 K) and of polycrystalline hole-doped Pr{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}FeAsO with x = 0 and 0.2 (T{sub c} = 15 K). In the former series, we observe some interesting parallels with the electron-doped SmFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} 1111-type system (Drew et al 2009 Nat. Mater. 8 310). In particular, we obtain evidence that strongly disordered static magnetism coexists with superconductivity on a microscopic scale in underdoped samples and even at optimum doping there is a slowing down (or enhancement) of dynamic magnetic correlations below T{sub c}{approx}25 K. In contrast, for the hole-doped Pr{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}FeAsO samples we obtain evidence for a mesoscopic phase segregation into regions with nearly unperturbed antiferromagnetic (AF) order and others that are non-magnetic and most likely superconducting. The observed trend resembles the one that was previously reported for hole-doped Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} (Aczel et al 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 214503, Park et al 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 117006) and thus might be a common property of the hole-doped systems.

  9. Reassessment of the electronic state, magnetism, and superconductivity in high-T{sub c} cuprates with the Nd{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naito, Michio, E-mail: minaito@cc.tuat.ac.jp [Department of Applied Physics, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Naka-cho 2-24-16, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Krockenberger, Yoshiharu; Ikeda, Ai; Yamamoto, Hideki [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)

    2016-04-15

    Highlights: • The 30-year history of “electron-doped” cuprates is reviewed, including basic physics and material issues. • Undoped cuprates with the Nd{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} (T’) structure are superconducting with T{sub c} over 30 K. • Electron doping by Ce in T’-RE{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} lowers T{sub c} and the highest T{sub c} is obtained at no doping. - Abstract: The electronic phase diagram of the cuprates remains enigmatic and is still a key ingredient to understand the mechanism of high-T{sub c} superconductivity. It has been believed for a long time that parent compounds of cuprates were universally antiferromagnetic Mott insulators (charge-transfer insulators) and that high-T{sub c} superconductivity would develop upon doping holes or electrons in a Mott–Hubbard insulator (“doped Mott-insulator scenario”). However, our recent discovery of superconductivity in the parent compounds of square-planar cuprates with the Nd{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} (T’) structure and the revised electronic phase diagram in T’ cuprates urged a serious reassessment to the above scenario. In this review, we present the main results derived from our synthesis and experiments on T’ cuprates in the undoped or heavily underdoped regime over 20 years, including material issues and basic physics. The key material issue is how to remove excess oxygen ions at the apical site without introducing oxygen vacancies in the CuO{sub 2} planes. In order to put this into practice, the basic knowledge of complex solid-state chemistry in T’ cuprates is required, which is also included in this review.

  10. Superconducting Hg-Based Mixed Oxides and Oxyfluorides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antipov, E. V.

    2000-09-01

    Syntheses under high pressure and under controlled mercury and oxygen partial pressures of different members of the HgBa2Can-1CunO2n+2+δ series have been developed. There are two main parameters influencing Tc in this family: width of a perovskite slab (n) and concentration (δ) of the extra oxygen located in the Hg layer. The increase of Tc with n occurs until the third member, while after that it decreases. All the members of the series exhibit similar cupola shaped dependencies of Tc vs. δ. Strongly overdoped high members of the series with n = 3-5 were prepared only using high pressure technique and BaO2 as an internal oxidizer. Neutron powder diffraction experiments were carried out for monophase oxygenated HgBa2CuO4F4+δ and fluorinated HgBa2CuO4Fδ samples with different extra oxygen or fluorine content and Tc values. Fluorinated series also exhibits the cupola -like behavior for the Tc vs. δ dependence. NPD showed twice the amount of extra fluorine in comparison with those for the oxygenated Hg-1201 phases with close Tc's. The exchange of the extra oxygen by double amount of fluorine causes shortening of the apical Cu-O distances, while the in-plane ones, as well as Tc, do not vary. The influence of the external pressure on the structure and Tc of Hg-1201 strongly depends on the doping level. The increase of the extra oxygen content on going from underdoped to overdoped state results in the larger compression of the apical Cu-O and Ba-OHg distances while the HgO2 dumbbell as well as the distance between Ba and O from the (CuO2) layers becomes practically pressure independent. These results together with the data for fluorinated materials allow to elucidate the crucial structural features responsible for the Tc variation under high pressure.

  11. Study of the vortex matter in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} using the Josephson plasma resonance; Etude de la matiere de vortex dans Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} a l'aide de la resonance de plasma Josephson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colson, S

    2003-10-01

    The Josephson plasma resonance (JPR) is a tool of choice to measure the inter-plane phase coherence in the layered superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} (BSCCO). It enables us to evaluate the wandering length r{sub w}, defined as the thermal average of the relative thermal excursions of two pancake vortices belonging to the same flux line and localized in two consecutive superconducting layers. In this work, using two experimental techniques to probe the JPR (the resonant cavity perturbation technique and the bolometric method), we have measured r{sub w} in the vortex solid in pristine or heavy-ion irradiated (dose n{sub d} = 5 x 10{sup 10} ions.cm{sup -2}, i.e. B{sub {phi}} n-d{phi}{sub 0} = 1 T) under-doped BSCCO single crystals. In the pristine samples, at low magnetic fields, the temperature dependence of r{sub w} and its increase with the applied field can only be accounted for by the dominant role of the line tension (due to Josephson coupling) and its renormalization due to thermal fluctuations. The latter are responsible for the softening of the line tension for the large-wave vector modes, which eventually leads to the first order phase transition between the vortex solid and the vortex liquid. The field and temperature dependence of r{sub w} in the irradiated crystals for B << B{sub {phi}}, is the same as observed in the pristine samples. This observation is a validation for a description in term of 'discrete superconductor' of the material. (author)

  12. BCS-Hubbard model applied to anisotropic superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Millan, J.S., E-mail: smillan@pampano.unacar.mx [Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Autonoma del Carmen, Cd. del Carmen, 24180 Campeche (Mexico); Perez, L.A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 20-364, 01000, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Wang, C. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-360, 04510, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2011-11-15

    The BCS formalism applied to a Hubbard model, including correlated hoppings, is used to study d-wave superconductors. The theoretical T{sub c} vs. n relationship is compared with experimental data from BiSr{sub 2-x}La{sub x}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} and La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}. The results suggest a nontrivial correlation between the hole and the doping concentrations. Based on the BCS formalism, we study the critical temperature (T{sub c}) as a function of electron density (n) in a square lattice by means of a generalized Hubbard model, in which first ({Delta}t) and second neighbors ({Delta}t{sub 3}) correlated-hopping interactions are included in addition to the repulsive Coulomb ones. We compare the theoretical T{sub c} vs. n relationship with experimental data of cuprate superconductors BiSr{sub 2-x}La{sub x}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} (BSCO) and La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}, (LSCO). The theory agrees very well with BSCO data even though the complicated association between Sr concentration (x) and hole doping (p). For the LSCO system, it is observed that in the underdoped regime, the T{sub c} vs. n behavior can be associated to different systems with small variations of t'. For the overdoped regime, a more complicated dependence n = 1 - p/2 fits better than n = 1 - p. On the other hand, it is proposed that the second neighbor hopping ratio (t'/t) should be replaced by the effective mean field hopping ratio t{sub MF}{sup '}/t{sub MF}, which can be very sensitive to small changes of t' due to the doping.

  13. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubi, Yonatan; Meir, Yigal; Avishai, Yshai

    2007-10-18

    The interplay of superconductivity and disorder has intrigued scientists for several decades. Disorder is expected to enhance the electrical resistance of a system, whereas superconductivity is associated with a zero-resistance state. Although superconductivity has been predicted to persist even in the presence of disorder, experiments performed on thin films have demonstrated a transition from a superconducting to an insulating state with increasing disorder or magnetic field. The nature of this transition is still under debate, and the subject has become even more relevant with the realization that high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) superconductors are intrinsically disordered. Here we present numerical simulations of the superconductor-insulator transition in two-dimensional disordered superconductors, starting from a microscopic description that includes thermal phase fluctuations. We demonstrate explicitly that disorder leads to the formation of islands where the superconducting order is high. For weak disorder, or high electron density, increasing the magnetic field results in the eventual vanishing of the amplitude of the superconducting order parameter, thereby forming an insulating state. On the other hand, at lower electron densities or higher disorder, increasing the magnetic field suppresses the correlations between the phases of the superconducting order parameter in different islands, giving rise to a different type of superconductor-insulator transition. One of the important predictions of this work is that in the regime of high disorder, there are still superconducting islands in the sample, even on the insulating side of the transition. This result, which is consistent with experiments, explains the recently observed huge magneto-resistance peak in disordered thin films and may be relevant to the observation of 'the pseudogap phenomenon' in underdoped high-T(c) superconductors.

  14. Matrix field theory: Applications to superconductivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Lubo

    In this thesis a systematic, functional matrix field theory is developed to describe both clean and disordered s-wave and d-wave superconductors and the quantum phase transitions associated with them. The thesis can be divided into three parts. The first part includes chapters 1 to 3. In chapter one a general physical introduction is given. In chapters two and three the theory is developed and used to compute the equation of state as well as the number-density susceptibility, spin-density susceptibility, the sound attenuation coefficient, and the electrical conductivity in both clean and disordered s-wave superconductors. The second part includes chapter four. In this chapter we use the theory to describe the disorder-induced metal - superconductor quantum phase transition. The key physical idea here is that in addition to the superconducting order-parameter fluctuations, there are also additional soft fermionic fluctuations that are important at the transition. We develop a local field theory for the coupled fields describing superconducting and soft fermionic fluctuations. Using simple renormalization group and scaling ideas, we exactly determine the critical behavior at this quantum phase transition. Our theory justifies previous approaches. The third part includes chapter five. In this chapter we study the analogous quantum phase transition in disordered d-wave superconductors. This theory should be related to high Tc superconductors. Surprisingly, we show that in both the underdoped and overdoped regions, the coupling of superconducting fluctuations to the soft disordered fermionic fluctuations is much weaker than that in the s-wave case. The net result is that the disordered quantum phase transition in this case is a strong coupling, or described by an infinite disordered fixed point, transition and cannot be described by the perturbative RG description that works so well in the s-wave case. The transition appears to be related to the one that occurs in

  15. Theoretical studies of unconventional superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groensleth, Martin Sigurd

    2008-07-01

    This thesis presents four research papers. In the first three papers we have derived analytical results for the transport properties in unconventional superconductors and ferromagnetic systems with multiple broken symmetries. In Paper I and parts of Paper II we have studied tunneling transport between two non-unitary ferromagnetic spin-triplet superconductors, and found a novel interplay between ferromagnetism and superconductivity manifested in the Josephson effect as a spin- and charge-current in the absence of an applied voltage across the junction. The critical amplitudes of these currents can be adjusted by the relative magnetization direction on each side of the junction. Furthermore, in Paper II, we have found a way of controlling a spin-current between two ferromagnets with spin-orbit coupling. Paper III considers a junction consisting of a ferromagnet and a non-unitary ferromagnetic superconductor, and we show that the conductance spectra contains detailed information about the superconducting gaps and pairing symmetry of the Cooper-pairs. In the last paper we present a Monte Carlo study of an effective Hamiltonian describing orbital currents in the CuO2 layers of high-temperature superconductive cuprates. The model features two intrinsically anisotropic Ising models, coupled through an anisotropic next-nearest neighbor interaction, and an Ashkin-Teller nearest neighbor fourth order coupling. We have studied the specific heat anomaly, as well as the anomaly in the staggered magnetization associated with the orbital currents and its susceptibility. We have found that in a limited parameter regime, the specific heat anomaly is substantially suppressed, while the susceptibility has a non-analytical peak across the order-disorder transition. The model is therefore a candidate for describing the breakup of hidden order when crossing the pseudo-gap line on the under-doped side in the phase diagram of high-temperature superconductors. (Author) 64 refs., figs

  16. Novel Interplay between High-Tc Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism in Tl-Based Six-CuO2-Layered Cuprates: 205Tl- and 63Cu-NMR Probes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukuda, Hidekazu; Shiki, Nozomu; Kimoto, Naoki; Yashima, Mitsuharu; Kitaoka, Yoshio; Tokiwa, Kazuyasu; Iyo, Akira

    2016-08-01

    We report 63Cu- and 205Tl-NMR studies on six-layered (n = 6) high-Tc superconducting (SC) cuprate TlBa2Ca5Cu6O14+δ (Tl1256) with Tc ˜ 100 K, which reveal that antiferromagnetic (AFM) order takes place below TN ˜ 170 K. In this compound, four underdoped inner CuO2 planes [n(IP) = 4] sandwiched by two outer planes (OPs) are responsible for the onset of AFM order, whereas the nearly optimally-doped OPs responsible for the onset of bulk SC. It is pointed out that an increase in the out-of-plane magnetic interaction within an intra-unit-cell causes TN ˜ 45 K for Tl1245 with n(IP) = 3 to increase to ˜170 K for Tl1256 with n(IP) = 4. It is remarkable that the marked increase in TN and the AFM moments for the IPs does not bring about any reduction in Tc, since Tc ˜ 100 K is maintained for both compounds with nearly optimally doped OP. We highlight the fact that the SC order for n ≥ 5 is mostly dominated by the long-range in-plane SC correlation even in the multilayered structure, which is insensitive to the magnitude of TN and the AFM moments at the IPs or the AFM interaction among the IPs. These results demonstrate a novel interplay between the SC and AFM orders when the charge imbalance between the IPs and OP is significantly large.

  17. Magnetism in Bi2212 and Tl2223 Superconductors: ME Muon-Spin Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boekema, Carolus; Lee, J.; Prudchenko, Y.; Li, Y.; Robledo, L.; Launspach, B.

    2004-03-01

    Muon-spin-resonance vortex data of underdoped Bi_2Sr_2CaCu_2Ox (Bi2212) and Tl_2Ba_2Ca_2Cu_3Oy (Tl2223) are analyzed to search for antiferromagnetism (AF) in and around its vortex cores. [1] Using the Maximum-Entropy (ME) technique, the obtained ME transforms reflect the magnetic field distributions in the vortex states. Below T_c, the grainboundary signal near the applied field (5 kOe) is well fitted by a narrow Gaussian. Below 0.5 T_c, vortex signals are better fitted by Lorentzians than expected Gaussians, especially at their high-field sides. Thus, extra AF fields are present in and around the vortex cores. Our ME vortex-core results are compared with those of R1237. [2] Below 0.5 T_c, we found extra inflections at the high field sides for the frequency-derivatives of ME transforms. [1, 2] These effects have been predicted by the theory of Arovas et al. [3] Flux trapping results obtained for zero-field _SR data of field-cooled Tl2223 recorded at 10 K, after the applied field went from 5 to 0 kOe, are reported. Our ME muon-spin research strongly supports a magnetic origin of cuprate superconductivity. Research is supported by NSF-REU, LANL-DOE and by WiSE@SJSU. [1] J. Lee et al, 9th Joint MMM/Intermag (January 2004) Conference, submitted. [2] C. Boekema et al, Int J Modern Phys B17 (2003) 3436. [3] D. Arovas et al, Phys Rev Lett 79 (1997) 2871.

  18. Parquet decomposition calculations of the electronic self-energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnarsson, O.; Schäfer, T.; LeBlanc, J. P. F.; Merino, J.; Sangiovanni, G.; Rohringer, G.; Toschi, A.

    2016-06-01

    The parquet decomposition of the self-energy into classes of diagrams, those associated with specific scattering processes, can be exploited for different scopes. In this work, the parquet decomposition is used to unravel the underlying physics of nonperturbative numerical calculations. We show the specific example of dynamical mean field theory and its cluster extensions [dynamical cluster approximation (DCA)] applied to the Hubbard model at half-filling and with hole doping: These techniques allow for a simultaneous determination of two-particle vertex functions and self-energies and, hence, for an essentially "exact" parquet decomposition at the single-site or at the cluster level. Our calculations show that the self-energies in the underdoped regime are dominated by spin-scattering processes, consistent with the conclusions obtained by means of the fluctuation diagnostics approach [O. Gunnarsson et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 236402 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.236402]. However, differently from the latter approach, the parquet procedure displays important changes with increasing interaction: Even for relatively moderate couplings, well before the Mott transition, singularities appear in different terms, with the notable exception of the predominant spin channel. We explain precisely how these singularities, which partly limit the utility of the parquet decomposition and, more generally, of parquet-based algorithms, are never found in the fluctuation diagnostics procedure. Finally, by a more refined analysis, we link the occurrence of the parquet singularities in our calculations to a progressive suppression of charge fluctuations and the formation of a resonance valence bond state, which are typical hallmarks of a pseudogap state in DCA.

  19. Effects of electron irradiation on resistivity and London penetration depth of Ba1-xKxFe2As2 (x <= 0.34) iron-pnictide superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, K [Ames Laboratory; Konczykowski, M [Laboratoire des Solides Irradies; Murphy, Jason [Ames Laboratory; Kim, H [Ames Laboratory; Tanatar, Makariy A [Ames Laboratory; Straszheim, Warren E [Ames Laboratory; Shen, B [Nanjing University; Wen, H H [Nanjing University; Prozorov, Ruslan [Ames Laboratory

    2014-09-01

    Irradiation with 2.5 MeV electrons at doses up to 5.2×1019 electrons/cm2 was used to introduce pointlike defects in single crystals of Ba1-xKxFe2As2 with x=0.19 (Tc=14K),0.26 (Tc=32K), 0.32 (Tc=37K), and 0.34 (Tc=39K) to study the superconducting gap structure by probing the effect of nonmagnetic scattering on electrical resistivity ρ(T) and London penetration depth λ(T). For all compositions, the irradiation suppressed the superconducting transition temperature Tc and increased resistivity. The low-temperature behavior of λ(T) is best described by the power-law function, Δλ(T)=A(T/Tc)n. While substantial suppression of Tc supports s± pairing, in samples close to the optimal doping, x=0.26, 0.32, and 0.34, the exponent n remained high (n≥3), indicating almost exponential attenuation and thus a robust full superconducting gap. For the x=0.19 composition, which exhibits coexistence of superconductivity and long-range magnetism, the suppression of Tc was much more rapid, and the exponent n decreased toward the s± dirty limit of n=2. In this sample, the irradiation also suppressed the temperature of structural/magnetic transition Tsm from 103 to 98 K, consistent with the itinerant nature of the long-range magnetic order. Our results suggest that underdoped compositions, especially in the coexisting regime, are most susceptible to nonmagnetic scattering and imply that in multiband Ba1-xKxFe2As2 superconductors, the ratio of the interband to intraband pairing strength, as well as the related gap anisotropy, increases upon the departure from the optimal doping.

  20. Unusual isotope effects on the pseudogap in high-Tc cuprate superconductors as support for the BCS-like pairing theory of large polarons above Tc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzhumanov, S.; Baimatov, P. J.; Djumanov, Sh. S.

    2015-06-01

    The BCS-like pairing theory is extended to the intermediate coupling regime and to the cases of exotic cuprate superconductors with large and small Fermi surfaces, so as to describe the pairing correlations above Tc , the opening of a pseudogap (PG) at a mean-field temperature T∗ >Tc and the unusual isotope effects on the PG in these materials within the large polaron model and two different BCS-like approaches. We argue that unconventional electron-phonon interactions are responsible for the polaron formation and the separation between temperatures T∗ (the onset of precursor Cooper pairing) and Tc (the onset of the superconducting transition) in exotic cuprate superconductors. Using the extended BCS-like approaches, we calculate the PG formation temperature T∗ , isotope shifts ΔT∗ , oxygen and copper isotope exponents and show that isotope effects on the PG basically depend on strengths of Coulomb and electron-phonon interactions, doping levels and dielectric constants of the cuprates. The new BCS-like pairing theory of polaronic carriers predicts the existence of small and sizable positive oxygen isotope effect and very large negative oxygen and copper isotope effects on the PG in the cuprates with large Fermi surfaces. The calculated results for T∗ , isotope shifts and exponents are compared with experimental data on various cuprate superconductors. For all the considered cases, a good quantitative agreement was found between theory and experimental data. We also predict the existence of small and sizable negative isotope effects on T∗ in deeply underdoped cuprates with small Fermi surfaces. Further, we find that the isotope effects on T∗ (=Tc) in heavily overdoped cuprates just like in some metals are relatively small positive or become even negative.

  1. Interplay of superconductivity and magnetism in Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and ist potential as wire material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiesenmayer, Josef Erwin

    2015-07-07

    The results presented in this thesis provide a deeper insight in the physical properties of Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and their connection among each other. By using a combination of high resolution X-ray diffraction, susceptibility measurements, and μSR, it was possible to unambiguously identify a microscopic coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in underdoped Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} (up to x=0.23). This result strongly supports the assumption of an s± symmetry in the area 0f the phase diagram. These studies were extended to the optimally and overdoped Ba{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} up to x=0.66 generating a phase diagram displaying gradual transitions from long-range to short -range order instead of sharp borders. This magnetic order can be detected up to at last x=0.66, a value beyond the expected one (between 0.2 and 0.3). On Ba{sub 0.6}Na{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} under pressure, a new antiferromagnetic order AFM2 was discovered, also displaying coexistence with superconductivity. In the second part of this thesis, Ba{sub 0.6}K{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} was examined as material for the production of superconducting wires and tapes. Preliminary critical current density measurements of these prototype filaments are encouraging. To further investigate these wires, a new synthesis route was explored using mechanical alloying of the ternary precursors BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and KFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} in order to obtain larger sample amounts.

  2. {sup 63}Cu-NMR/NQR studies on apical-F bi-layered cuprates Ba{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 4}F{sub 2} and Ba{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 4}(F{sub 1.6}O{sub 0.4})

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimizu, S., E-mail: shimizu@nmr.mp.es.osaka-u.ac.j [Department of Materials Engineering Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Sakaguchi, T.; Mukuda, H.; Kitaoka, Y.; Iyo, A. [Department of Materials Engineering Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Shirage, P.M.; Kito, H.; Kodama, Y. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)

    2009-10-15

    We report {sup 63}Cu-NMR/NQR on the bi-layered high-T{sub c} copper oxide Ba{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 4}F{sub 2}, which is expected to be a Mott insulator in an ideal case of a nominal content of fluorine, and less fluorinated Ba{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 4}(F{sub 1.6}O{sub 0.4}) to clear the doping mechanism in apical-fluorine multilayered system Ba{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}O{sub 2n}F{sub 2}, where n is the number of the layers in a unit cell. In the case of n=3 and, especially, n=4, the origin of carrier doping has been attributed to a self-doping mechanism based on the nominal stoichiometry; electrons are transferred between the inner CuO{sub 2} plane (IP) and the outer one (OP), keeping Cu{sup +2} on average. It is revealed that Ba{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 4}F{sub 2} is an underdoped superconductor with hole carriers, doped by an inevitable deviation from the nominal content of apical fluorines. This result suggests that hole carriers are doped in the same manner for the case of n=3 and 4, and that we should reconsider the self-doping mechanism as the carrier source in the apical-fluorine system.

  3. Direct angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and superconductivity of strained high-Tc films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavuna, Davor; Ariosa, Daniel; Cloetta, Dominique; Cancellieri, Claudia; Abrecht, Mike

    2008-02-01

    Since 1997 we systematically perform direct angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) on in-situ grown thin (<30 nm) cuprate films. Specifically, we probe low-energy electronic structure and properties of high-T_{c} superconductors (HTSC) under different degrees of epitaxial ({compressive vs. tensile}) strain. In overdoped and underdoped in-plane compressed (the strain is induced by the choice of substrate) ≈15 nm thin La_{2-x}Sr_{x}CuO_{4} (LSCO) films we almost double T_{c} to 40 K, from 20 K and 24 K, respectively. Yet the Fermi surface (FS) remains essentially two-dimensional. In contrast, ARPES data under {tensile} strain exhibit the dispersion that is three-dimensional, yet T_{c} drastically decreases. It seems that the in-plane compressive strain tends to push the apical oxygen far away from the CuO_{2} plane, enhances the two-dimensional character of the dispersion and increases T_{c}, while the tensile strain acts in the opposite direction and the resulting dispersion is three-dimensional. We have established the shape of the FS for both cases, and all our data are consistent with other ongoing studies, like EXAFS. As the actual lattice of cuprates is like a `Napoleon-cake', i.e. rigid CuO_{2 } planes alternating with softer `reservoir', that distort differently under strain, our data rule out all oversimplified two-dimensional (rigid lattice) mean field models. The work is still in progress on optimized La-doped Bi-2201 films with enhanced T_{c}.

  4. Strong Energy-momentum Dispersion of Phonon Dressed Carriers in the Lightly Doped Band Insulator SrTiO3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meevasana, Warawat

    2010-05-26

    Much progress has been made recently in the study of the effects of electron-phonon (el-ph) coupling in doped insulators using angle resolved photoemission (ARPES), yielding evidence for the dominant role of el-ph interactions in underdoped cuprates. As these studies have been limited to doped Mott insulators, the important question arises how this compares with doped band insulators where similar el-ph couplings should be at work. The archetypical case is the perovskite SrTiO{sub 3} (STO), well known for its giant dielectric constant of 10000 at low temperature, exceeding that of La{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} by a factor of 500. Based on this fact, it has been suggested that doped STO should be the archetypical bipolaron superconductor. Here we report an ARPES study from high-quality surfaces of lightly doped SrTiO{sub 3}. Comparing to lightly doped Mott insulators, we find the signatures of only moderate electron-phonon coupling: a dispersion anomaly associated with the low frequency optical phonon with a {lambda}{prime} {approx} 0.3 and an overall bandwidth renormalization suggesting an overall {lambda}{prime} {approx} 0.7 coming from the higher frequency phonons. Further, we find no clear signatures of the large pseudogap or small polaron phenomena. These findings demonstrate that a large dielectric constant itself is not a good indicator of el-ph coupling and highlight the unusually strong effects of the el-ph coupling in doped Mott insulators.

  5. Doping - Dependent irreversible magnetic properties of Ba(Fe 1-xCo x) 2As 2 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prozorov, R.; Tanatar, M. A.; Blomberg, E. C.; Prommapan, P.; Gordon, R. T.; Ni, N.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Canfield, P. C.

    2009-05-01

    We discuss the irreversible magnetic properties of self-flux grown Ba(Fe 1-xCo x) 2As 2 single crystals for a wide range of concentrations covering the whole phase diagram from the underdoped to the overdoped regime, x = 0.038, 0.047, 0.058, 0.071, 0.074, 0.10, 0.106 and 0.118. Samples were characterized by a magneto-optical method and show excellent spatial uniformity of the superconducting state down to at least the micrometer scale. The in-plane properties are isotropic, as expected for the tetragonal symmetry, and the overall behavior closely follows classical Bean model of the critical state. The field-dependent magnetization exhibits second peak at a temperature and doping - dependent magnetic field, H p( T, x). The evolution of this fishtail feature with doping is discussed. In particular we find that H p, measured at the same reduced temperature for different x, is a unique monotonic function of the superconducting transition temperature, T c( x), across all dopings. Magnetic relaxation is time-logarithmic and unusually fast. Similar to cuprates, there is an apparent crossover from collective elastic to plastic flux creep above H p. At high fields, the field dependence of the relaxation rate becomes doping independent. We discuss our results in the framework of the weak collective pinning and show that vortex physics in iron-based pnictide crystals is much closer to high- T c cuprates than to conventional s-wave (including MgB 2) superconductors.

  6. Doping - Dependent irreversible magnetic properties of Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} single crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prozorov, R., E-mail: prozorov@ameslab.go [Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Tanatar, M.A.; Blomberg, E.C.; Prommapan, P.; Gordon, R.T.; Ni, N.; Bud' ko, S.L.; Canfield, P.C. [Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)

    2009-05-01

    We discuss the irreversible magnetic properties of self-flux grown Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} single crystals for a wide range of concentrations covering the whole phase diagram from the underdoped to the overdoped regime, x = 0.038, 0.047, 0.058, 0.071, 0.074, 0.10, 0.106 and 0.118. Samples were characterized by a magneto-optical method and show excellent spatial uniformity of the superconducting state down to at least the micrometer scale. The in-plane properties are isotropic, as expected for the tetragonal symmetry, and the overall behavior closely follows classical Bean model of the critical state. The field-dependent magnetization exhibits second peak at a temperature and doping - dependent magnetic field, H{sub p}(T, x). The evolution of this fishtail feature with doping is discussed. In particular we find that H{sub p}, measured at the same reduced temperature for different x, is a unique monotonic function of the superconducting transition temperature, T{sub c}(x), across all dopings. Magnetic relaxation is time-logarithmic and unusually fast. Similar to cuprates, there is an apparent crossover from collective elastic to plastic flux creep above H{sub p}. At high fields, the field dependence of the relaxation rate becomes doping independent. We discuss our results in the framework of the weak collective pinning and show that vortex physics in iron-based pnictide crystals is much closer to high-T{sub c} cuprates than to conventional s-wave (including MgB{sub 2}) superconductors.

  7. Electronic phase diagram of NaFe1-xCoxAs investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Xiao-Dong; Cai Peng; Wang Ya-Yu

    2013-01-01

    Our recent scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies of the NaFe1-xCoxAs phase diagram over a wide range of dopings and temperatures are reviewed.Similar to the high-Tc cuprates,the iron-based superconductors lie in close proximity to a magnetically ordered phase.Therefore,it is widely believed that magnetic interactions or fluctuations play an important role in triggering their Cooper pairings.Among the key issues regarding the electronic phase diagram are the properties of the parent spin density wave (SDW) phase and the superconducting (SC) phase,as well as the interplay between them.The NaFe1-xCoxAs is an ideal system for resolving these issues due to its rich electronic phases and the charge-neutral cleaved surface.In our recent work,we directly observed the SDW gap in the parent state,and it exhibits unconventional features that are incompatible with the simple Fermi surface nesting picture.The optimally doped sample has a single SC gap,but in the underdoped regime we directly viewed the microscopic coexistence of the SDW and SC orders,which compete with each other.In the overdoped regime we observed a novel pseudogap-like feature that coexists with superconductivity in the ground state,persists well into the normal state,and shows great spatial variations.The rich electronic structures across the phase diagram of NaFel-xCoxAs revealed here shed important new light for defining microscopic models of the iron-based superconductors.In particular,we argue that both the itinerant electrons and local moments should be considered on an equal footing in a realistic model.

  8. Comparative studies of the fishtail effect associated with surface pinning and oxygen vacancy network in spiral and layer-by-layer grown Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub y} single crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, X.L.; Ionescu, M.; Horvat, J.; Liao, X.Z.; Liu, H.K.; Dou, S.X. [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW (Australia)

    1998-10-01

    Magnetic hysteresis loops (M-H) between 5 and 50 K were measured on Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub y} (Bi-2212) crystals grown by the spiral or layer-by-layer growth mechanism using KCl flux and self-flux with a large temperature gradient growth technique. The spiral-grown crystals with a large density of spiral steps showed a strong fishtail effect with H{sub peak} at 1000-2000 Oe between 20 and 50 K, for both high-T{sub c} (86 K) and low-T{sub c} (76 K, oxygen underdoping) samples. For the layer-by-layer-grown crystals with an extremely smooth surface and annealed in oxygen-nitrogen, a weak fishtail effect with H{sub peak} at 300 Oe was observed between 20 and 40 K. The fishtail effect disappeared when the spirals were removed from the crystal surface, whereas the fishtail effect for the layer-by-layer-grown crystals was mainly controlled by oxygen content. The peak effect is fully reversible in the layer-by-layer-grown crystals by a proper annealing in oxygen and in nitrogen. From this comparison we conclude that the peak effect in Bi-2212 is caused by either surface pinning or oxygen vacancies for spiral- and layer-by-layer-grown crystals. Furthermore, the TEM study helps to show that the dislocation networks are not responsible for the fishtail effect. In the layer-by-layer-grown crystals, the presence of oxygen vacancies is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for the fishtail peak effect, but the networking of these vacancies may play a dominant role. (author)

  9. Determination of solid solubility level of Ho nanoparticles in Y-123 superconducting matrix and strong Cu{sub 1} site preference of nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarıtekin, N.K. [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Physics, Bolu 14280 (Turkey); Zalaoglu, Y., E-mail: yzalaoglu@osmaniye.edu.tr [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Physics, Bolu 14280 (Turkey); Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Department of Physics, Osmaniye 80000 (Turkey); Yildirim, G. [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bolu 14280 (Turkey); Doğruer, M.; Terzioglu, C.; Varilci, A.; Gorur, O. [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Physics, Bolu 14280 (Turkey)

    2014-10-15

    Graphical abstract: The excess Ho particles inserted in the Y-123 superconducting matrix not only damage the crystal plane alignments and crystallinity of poly-crystallized Y-123 bulk samples but also lead to the phase transition from optimally doped state to the underdoped position in the crystal structure. - Highlights: • Identification of Y-123 ceramics by ρ–T, J{sub c}, XRD, SEM, EDX, H{sub V} and density measurements. • Optimum dopant level of x = 0.100 for Ho concentration in the Y-123 crystal structure. • Phase transition from optimally doped to the underdoped position with excess Ho impurities (x > 0.100). • Improvement of mechanical behavior with increase in strength of interaction between grains. • Superiority of IIC model to HK approach for the description of the real microhardness values. - Abstract: This comprehensive study reports the effect of the Ho inclusions on the microstructural, electrical, mechanical and superconducting characteristics of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7−δ} ceramic superconductors with the aid of standard characterization methods including the bulk density, dc resistivity (ρ–T), transport critical current density (J{sub c}), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron dispersive X-ray (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Vickers microhardness (H{sub V}) investigations. The experimental results such as the degree of granularity, hole (filling) localization effect, room temperature resistivity, onset–offset critical transition temperature, degree of the broadening, thermodynamic fluctuations (spin-gap opening temperature), crystallinity, crystal plane alignments (texturing), crystal structure, grain size, phase purity and lattice parameters, appearance of flux pinning centers, grain boundary weak-links (interaction between the superconducting grains), surface morphologies (grain size distribution), real (load independent) microhardness values, elemental compositions and distributions belonging to the pure and Y

  10. Optical probes of symmetry breaking in magnetic and superconducting BaFe2(As1-xPx)2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orenstein, Joseph

    The discovery of iron pnictide superconductors has opened promising new directions in the effort to fully understand the phenomenon of high-Tc, with a focus on the connections between superconductivity, magnetism, and electronic nematicity. The BaFe2(As1-xPx)2 (P:Ba122) system in particular has received attention because isovalent substitution of As for P generates less disorder than doping on the Fe site. The phase diagram of P:Ba122 is characterized by a line of simultaneous antiferromagnetic (AF) and tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transitions, Ts (x) , that penetrates the superconducting dome at x =0.28, just below optimal doping (xopt = 0.30). In this work, we use spatially-resolved optical polarimetry and photomodulated reflectance to detect linear birefringence and therefore breaking of 4-fold rotational (C4) symmetry. In underdoped (xTsand grows continuously with decreasing T . The birefringence is unidirectional in a large (300 μm x300 μm) field of view, suggesting that C4 breaking in this range of T is caused by residual strain that couples to a diverging nematic susceptibility. Birefringence maps just below Ts (x) show the appearance of domains, indicating the onset of spontaneous symmetry breaking to an AF ground state. Surprisingly, in samples with x>0.28, in which the low T phase is superconducting/ tetragonal rather than AF/orthorhombic, C4 breaking is observed as well, with an abrupt onset and domain formation at 55 K. We tentatively associate these features with a transition to an AF phase induced by residual strain, as previously proposed [H.-H. Kuo et al. Phys. Rev. B86, 134507 (2012)] to account for structure in resistivity vs. T. Time-resolved photomodulation allow us to follow the amplitude of the AF order with time following pulsed photoexcitation. Below Tc the AF order at first weakens , but then strengthens in response to the photoinduced weakening of superconductivity. This complex time evolution is accounted for quantitatively by a model

  11. Electronic properties of strongly correlated layered oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Wei-Cheng

    fluctuation and the phase fluctuation of the d-wave superconducting order parameter near momentum (pi, pi). Furthermore, we find that this collective mode signals the strength of the antiferromagnetic fluctuations which are responsible for the suppression of the superfluid density in the underdoped cuprates even at zero temperature. Finally, we perform a complete analysis on an effective model with parameters fitted by experimental data of Bi2212 within the GRPA scheme and conclude that the short-range antiferromagnetic interactions which are a remnant of the parent Mott-insulator are more likely the pairing mechanism of the High-Tc cuprates.

  12. Large low-symmetry polarons of the high-Tc, copper oxides: Formation, mobility and ordering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bersuker, Gennadi I.; Goodenough, John B.

    1997-02-01

    A microscopic model of the evolution from antiferromagnetic insulator to superconductor on oxidation of the parent-phase (CuO 2) 2- sheets of a cuprate superconductor starts with the assumption that strong electron-lattice interactions are dominant and give a heterogeneous electronic distribution. Introduction of pseudo-Jahn-Teller vibronic coupling associated with the δ holes in the (CuO 2) (2-δ) - sheets is shown to stabilize, below a critical temperature Tp ≈ 850 K, large non-adiabatic polarons containing 5 to 7 copper centers; cooperative low-symmetry in-plane vibrations also stabilize an elastic attractive force between polarons that can overcome the longer-range Coulomb repulsion between polarons. Utilizing established parameters for isolated CuO 6 complexes gives a calculated polaron size of 5 to 7 copper centers, which compares with a measured mean size of 5.3 copper centers in underdoped samples 0 hopping. This type of motion, which is not described by conventional transport theories, gives a linear increase of the resistivity with temperature above a temperature Tϱ due to scattering of the polaron at its own border, which separates regions inside and outside the polaron of slightly different mean CuO bond length. At lower temperatures, the polaron mobility becomes activated, but at higher concentrations this change is obscured because the elastic interpolaron attractive force causes the polarons to condense into a “polaron liquid,” and below some critical temperature Td ≥ Tc the polarons undergo long-range ordering into one-dimensional polaronic stripes separated by stripes of the parent phase, which support antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations. The zig-zag polaron stripes consist of polaron pairs oriented alternately along [100] and [010] axes of a CuO 2 sheet. Formation of the ordered superstructure permits conduction of hole pairs without scattering from lattice vibrations provided there is also coupling in the third dimension between Cu

  13. Recombination and propagation of quasiparticles in cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gedik, Nuh [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2004-05-01

    Rapid developments in time-resolved optical spectroscopy have led to renewed interest in the nonequilibrium state of superconductors and other highly correlated electron materials. In these experiments, the nonequilibrium state is prepared by the absorption of short (less than 100 fs) laser pulses, typically in the near-infrared, that perturb the density and energy distribution of quasiparticles. The evolution of the nonequilibrium state is probed by time resolving the changes in the optical response functions of the medium that take place after photoexcitation. Ultimately, the goal of such experiments is to understand not only the nonequilibrium state, but to shed light on the still poorly understood equilibrium properties of these materials. We report nonequilibrium experiments that have revealed aspects of the cup rates that have been inaccessible by other techniques. Namely, the diffusion and recombination coefficients of quasiparticles have been measured in both YBa2Cu3O6.5 and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x using time-resolved optical spectroscopy. Dependence of these measurements on doping, temperature and laser intensity is also obtained. To study the recombination of quasiparticles, we measure the change in reflectivity ΔR which is directly proportional to the nonequilibrium quasiparticle density created by the laser. From the intensity dependence, we estimate β, the inelastic scattering coefficient and γth thermal equilibrium quasiparticle decay rate. We also present the dependence of recombination measurements on doping in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x. Going from underdoped to overdoped regime, the sign of ΔR changes from positive to negative right at the optimal doping. This is accompanied by a change in dynamics. The decay of ΔR stops being intensity dependent exactly at the optimal doping. We provide possible interpretations of these two

  14. Dynamic response of the electronic structure of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+δ}; Transiente Aenderung der elektronischen Struktur von Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+δ}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freutel, Simon

    2015-07-13

    This work investigates the dynamic response of the electronic system of the high critical temperature superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+δ} (Bi2212) due to the optical excitation by ultra short laser pulses. By using time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on optimally and underdoped Bi2212 in the pseudogap phase two effects revealed by changes in the electronic structure are being discussed which, due to their different temporal behaviors, can be considered as independent. First, this is an photoinduced change of the effective mass m* around the kink energy of E - E{sub F} = -70 meV, that occurs during the experiment's time resolution of ∝100 fs and therefore can be interpreted as perturbation of the underlying electronic interaction caused directly by the pump pulse. Second, a shift of the Fermi surface vector k{sub F} is observed, that can be interpreted as an effective change of hole doping that gives rise to new opportunities for possible ultrafast optoelectronic devices based on optically induced phase transitions. Furthermore, the energy- and fluence-dependent dynamics of excited electrons are investigated, which exhibit a biexponential behavior. While the slow component of this decay seems to be independent from the excitation fluence, the fast component shows a pronounced jump in the corresponding decay time above and below the material's characteristic energy of 70 meV. This jump is most pronounced for the low fluences, which will be discussed in the context of an appropriate theoretical model system. Moreover, a major part of this work was the construction and build up of an entirely new experimental setup for photoemission spectroscopy. The main part regarding this issue consists of the design of 6-axis manipulator which is capable of moving the sample at low temperature independently in all 3 rotational and translational degrees of freedom. In the context of this work first tests and characterization

  15. On d+id Density Wave and Superconducting Orderings in Hole-Doped Cuprates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Partha; Gahlot, Ajay Pratap Singh; Singh, Pankaj

    2013-05-01

    The d+id-density wave (chiral DDW) order, at the anti-ferromagnetic wave vector Q = (π, π), is assumed to represent the pseudo-gap (PG) state of a hole-doped cuprate superconductor. The pairing interaction U(k, k‧) required for d+id ordering comprises of (Ux2-y2(k, k‧), Uxy(k, k‧)), where Ux2-y2(k, k') = U1(cos kxa-cos kya)(cos k'xa- cos k'ya) and Uxy(k, k') = U2sin(kxa)sin(kya) sin(k'xa) sin(k'ya) with U1 > U2. The d-wave superconductivity (DSC), driven by an assumed attractive interaction of the form V(k, k') = -ěrt V1ěrt(cos kxa-cos kya)(cos k'xa- cos k'ya) where V1 is a model parameter, is discussed within the mean-field framework together with the d+id ordering. The single-particle excitation spectrum in the CDDW + DSC state is characterized by the Bogoluibov quasi-particle bands — a characteristic feature of SC state. The coupled gap equations are solved self-consistently together with the equation to determine the chemical potential (μ). With the pinning of the van Hove-singularities close to μ, one is able to calculate the thermodynamic and transport properties of the under-doped cuprates in a consistent manner. The electron specific heat displays non-Fermi liquid feature in the CDDW state. The CDDW and DSC are found to represent two competing orders as the former brings about a depletion of the spectral weight (and Raman response function density) available for pairing in the anti-nodal region of momentum space. It is also shown that the depletion of the spectral weight below Tc at energies larger than the gap amplitude occurs. This is an indication of the strong-coupling superconductivity in cuprates. The calculation of the ratio of the quasi-particle thermal conductivity αxx and temperature in the superconducting phase is found to be constant in the limit of near-zero quasi-particle scattering rate.

  16. Spin dynamics in 122-type iron-based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jitae

    2012-07-16

    In this thesis, we present the experimental data on four different iron-based SC materials. It is mainly about the magnetic-dynamics study in the FeSC that is assumed to be among the most crucial ingredients for superconductivity in this system. Thus, the main goal of this thesis is to figure out the exact relationship between spin dynamics and superconductivity, and then further to realize what is the contribution of magnetic fluctuations for superconductivity by providing experimental data for modeling a microscopic mechanism of electron pairing in the FeSC system. In Chap. 2, we first discuss basic characteristics of FeSC, such as crystal structure and electron band-structure by briefly reviewing the relevant literature. Then, an introduction about magnetic and SC phases will follow based on the generic phase diagram. Details about current understanding of magnetic ground state in the parent compounds will be discussed in terms of spin-wave excitations which would be important when we are considering the spin dynamics in doped materials. To study magnetic dynamics in FeSC, we employed the inelastic-neutron-scattering (INS) method which can uniquely probe the underlying spin dynamics in the four dimensional energy and momentum space in a wide range. By taking advantage of the well developed theory for the magnetic neutron-scattering process, one can quantify the imaginary part of spin susceptibility that is an essential physical quantity the description of elementary magnetic excitations and can be compared with theoretical calculations directly. Moreover, the technique's energy-resolving scale spans over the most relevant energy range of magnetic fluctuations (from 0 to 100 meV). For these reasons, neutron scattering is a very powerful technique for magnetism study, and we introduce how neutron-scattering experiment works theoretically and practically in Chap. 3. For a slightly underdoped Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} compound, we report the phase

  17. Two-particle excitations in the Hubbard model for high-temperature superconductors. A quantum cluster study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brehm, Sascha

    2009-02-26

    Two-particle excitations, such as spin and charge excitations, play a key role in high-T{sub c} cuprate superconductors (HTSC). Due to the antiferromagnetism of the parent compound the magnetic excitations are supposed to be directly related to the mechanism of superconductivity. In particular, the so-called resonance mode is a promising candidate for the pairing glue, a bosonic excitation mediating the electronic pairing. In addition, its interactions with itinerant electrons may be responsible for some of the observed properties of HTSC. Hence, getting to the bottom of the resonance mode is crucial for a deeper understanding of the cuprate materials. To analyze the corresponding two-particle correlation functions we develop in the present thesis a new, non-perturbative and parameter-free technique for T=0 which is based on the Variational Cluster Approach (VCA, an embedded cluster method for one-particle Green's functions). Guided by the spirit of the VCA we extract an effective electron-hole vertex from an isolated cluster and use a fully renormalized bubble susceptibility {chi}{sub 0} including the VCA one-particle propagators. Within our new approach, the magnetic excitations of HTSC are shown to be reproduced for the Hubbard model within the relevant strong-coupling regime. Exceptionally, the famous resonance mode occurring in the underdoped regime within the superconductivity-induced gap of spin-flip electron-hole excitations is obtained. Its intensity and hourglass dispersion are in good overall agreement with experiments. Furthermore, characteristic features such as the position in energy of the resonance mode and the difference of the imaginary part of the susceptibility in the superconducting and the normal states are in accord with Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) experiments. For the first time, a strongly-correlated parameter-free calculation revealed these salient magnetic properties supporting the S=1 magnetic exciton scenario for the

  18. 铁基超导体的量子临界行为∗%Quantum criticalities in carrier-dop ed iron-based sup erconductors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李政; 周睿; 郑国庆

    2015-01-01

    In the past several decades, quantum phase transition and the associated fluctuations have emerged as a major challenge to our understanding of condensed matter. Such transition is tuned by an external parameter such as pressure, chemical doping or magnetic field. The transition point, called quantum critical point (QCP), is only present at absolute zero temperature (T ), but its influence (quantum criticality) is spread to nonzero temperature region. Quite often, new stable orders of matter, such as superconductivity, emerge around the QCP, whose relationship to the quantum fluctuations is one of the most important issues. Iron-pnictide superconductors are the second class of high-temperature-superconductor family whose phase diagram is very similar to the first class, the copper-oxides. Superconductivity emerges in the vicinity of exotic orders, such as antiferromagnetic, structural or nematic order. Therefore, iron-pnictides provide us a very good opportunity to study quantum criticality. Here we review nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on the coexistence of states and quantum critical phenomena in both hole-doped system Ba1−xKxFe2As2 as well as electron-doped systems BaFe2−xNixAs2 and LaFeAsO1−xFx. Firstly, we found that the 75As NMR spectra split or are broadened for H//c-axis, and shift to a higher frequency for H//ab-plane below a certain temperature in the underdoped region of both hole-doped Ba1−xKxFe2As2 and electron-doped BaFe2−xNixAs2, which indicate that an internal magnetic field develops along the c-axis due to an antiferromagnetic order. Upon further cooling, the spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 measured at the shifted peak shows a distinct decrease below the superconducting critical temperature Tc. These results show unambiguously that the antiferromagnetic order and superconductivity coexist microscopically, which is the essential condition for a magnetic QCP. Moreover, the much weaker T-dependence of 1/T1 in the superconducting

  19. Itinerant spin dynamics in iron-based superconductors and cerium-based heavy-fermion antiferromagnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friemel, Gerd

    2014-05-26

    implies an unconventional order parameter, which changes the sign between the electron pockets. Moreover, it has a two-dimensional reciprocal-space structure, with an in-plane wave vector Q{sub sf} that is independent of the composition. These results support the current understanding that all FeSe122 contain a unique SC phase with A{sub x}Fe{sub 2}Se{sub 2} stoichiometry and an alkali content of x = 0.36. This phase is embedded in a matrix of an insulating and strongly antiferromagnetic A{sub 2}Fe{sub 4}Se{sub 5} phase, which explains the iron deficiency. Secondly, the spectral weight of the resonance peak and the suppression of the normal-state intensity towards small energies is similar to the phenomenology in underdoped cuprates, rendering this family stronger correlated than the FeSC analogues. CeB6 is considered as a dense Kondo system that exhibits a peculiar antiferroquadrupolar (AFQ) phase below T{sub Q} = 3.2 K and an antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase below T{sub N} = 2.3 K. Its magnetic phase diagram has been described by a purely localized multipolar mean-field model. However, reports on experimental studies in zero or low magnetic field provide a number of conflicting results that prevented a consistent description till now. In this thesis the spin excitations in the AFM and the AFQ state of CeB{sub 6} have been comprehensively mapped out in reciprocal space for the first time. Contrary to the expectations an intense and energetically sharp exciton mode appears at 0.5 meV below T{sub N}, which is restricted to the AFQ wave vector R((1)/(2) (1)/(2) (1)/(2)). This exciton is created, because a gap opens in the spin and charge excitation spectrum of the interacting heavy-fermion quasiparticles below T{sub N}. This phenomenology is similar to the resonant modes in heavy-fermion superconductors below T{sub c}. In addition, a strong ferromagnetic mode at 0.25 meV appears at the Γ point below T{sub N}, which broadly disperses across the Brillouin zone. Both the exciton

  20. EDITORIAL: Focus on Iron-Based Superconductors FOCUS ON IRON-BASED SUPERCONDUCTORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosono, Hideo; Ren, Zhi-An

    2009-02-01

    Elastic theory for the vortex-lattice melting in iron-based high-Tc superconductors Q-H Chen, Q-M Nie, J-P Lv and T-C Au Yeung Electronic properties of LaO1-xFxFeAs in the normal state probed by NMR/NQR H-J Grafe, G Lang, F Hammerath, D Paar, K Manthey, K Koch, H Rosner, N J Curro, G Behr, J Werner, N Leps, R Klingeler, H-H Klauss, F J Litterst and B Büchner AFe2As2 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu) and SrFe2-xTMxAs2 (TM = Mn, Co, Ni): crystal structure, charge doping, magnetism and superconductivity Deepa Kasinathan, Alim Ormeci, Katrin Koch, Ulrich Burkhardt, Walter Schnelle, Andreas Leithe-Jasper and Helge Rosner Impurity states in a family of antiferromagnetic iron arsenides Qiang Han and Z D Wang Coherence-incoherence crossover in the normal state of iron oxypnictides and importance of Hund's rule coupling K Haule and G Kotliar Electronic structure of heavily electron-doped BaFe1.7Co0.3As2 studied by angle-resolved photoemission Y Sekiba, T Sato, K Nakayama, K Terashima, P Richard, J H Bowen, H Ding, Y-M Xu, L J Li, G H Cao, Z-A Xu and T Takahashi Absorption and photoemission spectroscopy of rare-earth oxypnictides T Kroll, F Roth, A Koitzsch, R Kraus, D R Batchelor, J Werner, G Behr, B Büchner and M Knupfer Superconductivity in LnFePO (Ln = La, Pr and Nd) single crystals R E Baumbach, J J Hamlin, L Shu, D A Zocco, N M Crisosto and M B Maple Unconventional pairing originating from disconnected Fermi surfaces in the iron-based superconductor Kazuhiko Kuroki, Seiichiro Onari, Ryotaro Arita, Hidetomo Usui, Yukio Tanaka, Hiroshi Kontani and Hideo Aoki Near-degeneracy of several pairing channels in multiorbital models for the Fe pnictides S Graser, T A Maier, P J Hirschfeld and D J Scalapino Investigation of superconducting gap structure in TbFeAsO0.9F0.1 using point contact Andreev reflection K A Yates, K Morrison, J A Rodgers, G B S Penny, J-W G Bos, J P Attfield and L F Cohen Competition of magnetism and superconductivity in underdoped (Ba1-xKx)Fe2As2 Marianne Rotter, Marcus