WorldWideScience

Sample records for inventions

  1. Inventing Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudnytsky, Peter L

    2008-06-01

    Written to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Freud's birth, this paper construes Nina Coltart's statement that "if Freud did not exist it would be necessary to invent him," with its implicit comparison of Freud to God, to refer to (a) the things that Freud taught that are incontrovertibly true; (b) the unavoidable subjectivity in all judgments of Freud; and (c) the resemblances between psychoanalysis and religion. This last comparison is likewise seen to have both positive and negative aspects. Freud's ideas have inspired many people, yet he unscientifically arrogated sovereign authority over psychoanalysis. Freud's admirers are reminded of his extreme difficulty in admitting he was wrong and changing his mind when he should have known better, while his detractors are encouraged to consider the evidence supporting many of Freud's core tenets and to recognize that his discovery of psychoanalysis is indeed one of the supreme achievements in human history.

  2. The Invention Notebook Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2018-01-01

    Like scientists who keep lab notebooks detailing their experiments, inventors keep invention notebooks that chronologically detail the inception, development, and refinement of their inventions. These notebooks are legal documents that can help prove one inventor's precedent over another. Scenarios like these are very real, as the author has had…

  3. Precursor Additive Manufacturing Inventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, C.; Bourell, D.

    2018-03-01

    Most modern Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes were invented and commercialized in a short period of time spanning 1984-2000. This paper reports on AM processes invented in the 1974-1987 time period, known as precursor AM processes. The critical difference between the two periods is public knowledge and utilization of distributed computing.

  4. Inventors and Inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, Tom

    An 8-day unit introduces middle school students to American inventors and inventions. In separate lessons, students examine the patenting process, women inventors, minority inventors, Native American inventors, the airplane, Thomas Edison, and the impact of inventions on America's growth. A brief outline of daily lesson plans precedes a section of…

  5. Leisure Time Invention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davis, Lee N.; Davis, Jerome D.; Hoisl, Karin

    2013-01-01

    by adding to the discussion of how access to and exploitation of different types of resources—during work hours or during leisure time — may affect creativity. Based on survey data from more than 3,000 inventions from German employee inventors, we find that leisure time inventions are more frequently......This paper studies the contextual factors that influence whether invention occurs during work time or leisure time. Leisure time invention, a potentially important but thus far largely unexplored source of employee creativity, refers to invention where the main underlying idea occurs while...... the employee is away from the workplace. We build on existing theory in the fields of organizational creativity and knowledge recombination, especially work relating context to creativity. The paper’s main theoretical contribution is to extend our understanding of the boundaries of employee creativity...

  6. From Invention to Innovation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rorke, M.

    2000-07-18

    The Inventions and Innovation Program, formerly known as ERIP (Energy-related Inventions Program), was established by the U.S. Congress in 1974. The program offers assistance to independent inventors and very small businesses engaged in developing new energy-saving technologies. The program remains clearly focused on energy generation and savings. The I&I Program funding is based on a competitive proposal process.

  7. Science of invention patent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Yeong Taek; Park, Su Dong

    1999-02-01

    This book tells science of invention patent about new way of invention and creative solution for problems, basic conception of TRIZ, resolution of physical contradictory and technical contradictory, development of system and types of evolution, change of thinking for solving the problems, analysis of structure for problem solution, problem solution using scientific phenomenon and effect, use of standard solution and algorithm of creative problem solution.

  8. The software invention cube: A classification scheme for software inventions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Bergstra; P. Klint (Paul)

    2008-01-01

    htmlabstractThe patent system protects inventions. The requirement that a software invention should make ‘a technical contribution’ turns out to be untenable in practice and this raises the question, what constitutes an invention in the realm of software. The authors developed the Software Invention

  9. The Software Invention Cube: A classification scheme for software inventions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; Klint, P.

    2008-01-01

    The patent system protects inventions. The requirement that a software invention should make ‘a technical contribution’ turns out to be untenable in practice and this raises the question, what constitutes an invention in the realm of software. The authors developed the Software Invention Cube

  10. L’invention instrumentale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Dewitte

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available L’instrument de musique n’a pas d’identité déterminée avant qu’il ne soit joué par un musicien concret, ou utilisé dans une œuvre singulière. Pour Stravinsky, l’instrument de musique « n’est rien en soi ». C’est l’œuvre, comme invention et création, qui donne à l’instrument son identité, sur la base de propriétés organologiques préexistantes. Les œuvres de Stravinsky pour petite formation illustrent cette idée d’une invention de l’instrument de musique par l’œuvre qu’il joue, ainsi que son amour pour des instruments nouveaux ou « nouveaux pour lui » (le cymbalum. L’invention instrumentale (qui n’est pas ici création d’un nouvel instrument consiste à faire sonner de manière neuve un instrument déjà existant. Cette invention suppose une « érotique » musicale, un amour spécifique pour les instruments et les altérités dont ils sont porteurs. Tout se passe alors comme si un a priori (une possibilité musicale enfouie dans l’instrumentA musical instrument has no specific identity until it is played by a concrete musician or used in a singular work. According to Stravinsky, a musical instrument is « nothing in itself ». Only a work, as a process of invention and creation, gives an instrument its identity on the basis of pre-existing organologic properties. Stravinsky’s works for small ensembles show how musical instruments may be invented by the work which they play, as well as the composer’s love for instruments that are new or “new for him” (such as the cymbalo. Musical invention (which does not mean here the creation of a new instrument consists in giving a new ring to an existing instrument. This kind of invention implies a notion of musical “eroticism”, that is a specific love for instruments and the otherness they may bear. Everything is happening as though an a priori quality (a musical possibility buried in the instrument appeared only a posteriori

  11. Invention note and patent note

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chang, Sung Su

    1997-09-01

    This book deals with origin of invention and term related patent and invention, making idea, brain storming, 10 laws of invention skill, attitude of inventors, invention order, making good inventions, patent system, preparation of application, procedure and method of patent, management of patent, patent and trademark office, patent lawyer, copyright, new intellectual property right, industrial property right, trademark, invasion of industrial property right, patent, Judgment, preparation of items, application of industrial property right and effect of inventor and related people.

  12. How can I invent?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    2001-10-15

    This book gives descriptions of how to invent with various and useful tips. The contents of this book are set up the proper goal according to your condition, let's find the other use, change the order and put a replacement, search more convenience, have application of color characteristic, imitation is beginning of the invention, convert imitation into creation, look into the deserted idea, learn the basic science, catch the stream of times, try to study hard, have a big dream, change your way of thinking, develop the system, and throw away the stereotype.

  13. Invention in Philippine Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Medalla, Erlinda M.; Mikkelsen, Kent; Evenson, Robert E.

    1982-01-01

    This paper is presented at the Third National Convention on Statistics at the Philippine International Convention Center on December 13-14, 1982. It discusses the different legal instruments utilized in the Philippines to encourage invention and to facilitate technology purchase. A brief history of the patent system is provided.

  14. Not-Invented-Here

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Ana Luiza Lara de Araújo; Fosfuri, Andrea

    knowledge, the so-called Not-Invented-Here (NIH) syndrome. Drawing on multi-informant survey data of small and medium-sized Danish enterprises, the paper finds that socialization practices are an important driver of the NIH syndrome with such an effect being attenuated in technologically highly specialized...

  15. The Soul of Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Scott Reynolds

    2013-01-01

    Technology shifts gears. The workers who control it need to learn how to shift gears, too. Workers brought up with universal schooling would respect authority, learn enough "geometry and mechanics" to use in their trades, keep invention alive, and finally see through "the interested complaints of faction and sedition." In other…

  16. I can invent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    2001-10-15

    This book introduces the inventions which are unique and interesting. The titles of these are pots which boil very quick and safe, a desk with a pencil case, a scale which is not rusty, a book cover with a pocket, a skate with wax and mop, a seat belt airbag, a desk lamp which can control the light, a desk in the future, a recycling bin for cans, a blackboard eraser which erase very well, a useful crutches, swimming goggles attached convex lens, flower pots using waste tires, toilet paper holder with sawtooth, a brush which washes a flask, improved pump for petroleum.

  17. I can invent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    2001-10-01

    This book introduces the inventions which are unique and interesting. The titles of these are pots which boil very quick and safe, a desk with a pencil case, a scale which is not rusty, a book cover with a pocket, a skate with wax and mop, a seat belt airbag, a desk lamp which can control the light, a desk in the future, a recycling bin for cans, a blackboard eraser which erase very well, a useful crutches, swimming goggles attached convex lens, flower pots using waste tires, toilet paper holder with sawtooth, a brush which washes a flask, improved pump for petroleum.

  18. Secret of success for invention technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Gwan Hyeong

    1990-12-01

    This book deals with importance, meaning, history of invention technology, technique of invention technology, and invention in connection with the duties. It covers importance, meaning, flow of invention technology development, basis of invention technology development, development, development investment, development workforce of invention technology, and development of invention technology introduction. It also contains outline, research, management of technology development information, outline, research, management of patent information, and reality of invention technology research development.

  19. EDITORIAL: INVENTING NEW PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available One impact of globalization is that contemporary issues will rapidly come to fore. In fact, they frequently do not derive from Islamic knowledge or Islamic ethics. They even often do not go with Islamic identities. In sum, such issues will become a challenge for Islamic studies. Due to the challenges, it is notable to pose a question: whether viewpoints having been exercised by scholars in Islamic studies are workable for strong globalization stream or vice versa? Seemingly, if the perspectives do not stand for new global phenomenon, Islamic studies will be marginalized or put aside by both muslims and others. Accordingly, this is because of worldly affairs demand. Given this, efforts leading to the invention of new perspectives are urgent.

  20. Fuel on the Invention Funnel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Reichstein, Toke; Boccardelli, Paolo

    In this paper, we examine the impact of technology licensing-in on firm invention performance. Studying a sample of 266 licensees and matched non-licensees using a two-part model specification, we find that licensees are more likely to introduce inventions than their non-licensee counterparts. Th...

  1. Overcome IMF crisis with idea and invention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    1998-01-15

    This book introduces the invention as a tool to overcome IMF crisis. These are the titles of the way to create invention and idea : what is idea? everyone can create something, have a confidence, this is patent, replace or change something, invention is not logical, challenge the normal law, throw away stereotype, movement of idea, original imagination, there are a lot of solutions, there is no expert, have a positive thought, why does inventor invent? necessity is invention of mother, three stage of idea and invention and imitation for invention.

  2. Invention party of students 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    2000-02-01

    The contents of this book are lettuce and royal foxglove tree leaves, memory of summer sea, summer vacation of a freak, waste tires and a fishbowl, a spoon and a iron hand, a iron hand and emergency signal light, my friend is Macgyver, a merry cleaning time, Hojin's invention diary. I am a inventor, a happy winter vacation, the best from losing the draw. This book gives a descriptions of the cases of inventions which are made up through unique and brilliant idea.

  3. How easy the invention is

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    2002-05-01

    This book deals with the inventions invented by kids such as a utility helmet, a useful drawing board, automatic safe device, telephone for the blind, a peaceful washboard, roly poly milk bottle, seat belt with height control, gas hose to prevent thief, portable magic soap, useful bus handle, convent desk, a paper cup attached a spoon, a useful washboard, dressing room using moveable small cymbals, fluorescent light which is easy to put in a new one, rods for night, curtain for cars, spray shampoo, and a good calendar.

  4. How easy the invention is

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    2002-05-15

    This book deals with the inventions invented by kids such as a utility helmet, a useful drawing board, automatic safe device, telephone for the blind, a peaceful washboard, roly poly milk bottle, seat belt with height control, gas hose to prevent thief, portable magic soap, useful bus handle, convent desk, a paper cup attached a spoon, a useful washboard, dressing room using moveable small cymbals, fluorescent light which is easy to put in a new one, rods for night, curtain for cars, spray shampoo, and a good calendar.

  5. The Invention of "The Invention of Hugo Cabret"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selznick, Brian

    2008-01-01

    "The Invention of Hugo Cabret" is a story about Georges Melies that the author began thinking about over 15 years ago and took about two-and-a-half years to complete. The book is about a boy named Hugo Cabret, an orphan living secretly in the walls of a train station in Paris who becomes involved in a mystery that ties him together with a mean old…

  6. Humanisme : inventer l'avenir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayor, Federico

    2014-06-01

    Humanism: inventing the future - Humanity is still confronted by the scourges of poverty, hunger, violence and inequality. If we are to invent a better future, we must first understand the past, recalling the missed opportunities of 1918, 1945 and 1989, at the end of two world wars and a cold war. This article summarises the proposals put forward by the author on several occasions during his career. He expresses a forceful confidence in humankind's ability to take control of its destiny and shake off government that puts economic interest before universal human values. The twenty-first century should be the era of rebellion in cyberspace, one in which more women and young people are involved in decision making, heralding a future of freedom and happiness for all.

  7. Was the Monetarist Tradition Invented?

    OpenAIRE

    George S. Tavlas

    1998-01-01

    In 1969, Harry Johnson charged that Milton Friedman 'invented' a Chicago oral quantity theory tradition, the idea being that in order to launch a monetarist counter-revolution, Friedman needed to establish a linkage with pre-Keynesian orthodoxy. This paper shows that there was a distinct pre-Keynesian Chicago quantity-theory tradition that advocated increased government expenditure during the Great Depression in order to put money directly into circulation. This policy stance distinguished th...

  8. Simultaneous invention and the patent law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howells, John; Katznelson, Ron D

    is typical of important pioneer inventions in both survey evidence and alleged illustrative cases of simultaneous invention. We show this in the cases of Edison, the Wright brothers, the Selden automobile patent vis a vis Ford, Watt and the steam engine. We then point out that patent law inherently ensures...... inventions they often find this to challenge the idea that patent law (which rewards only the first inventor with exclusive rights) is needed to encourage invention and innovation. We review the empirical evidence alleged to show that simultaneous invention is prevalent for important inventions. In general...... that patent protection is not extended to near simultaneous inventions. There remain a number of simultaneous inventions discovered through interference proceedings but we find the number too small to mount a serious challenge to the general operation of patent law....

  9. Non-Intentional Invention: The Promethean, Trickster, and Improvisational Invention Heuristics of Academic Writers and Poets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirtz, Jason

    2013-01-01

    This essay introduces a novel way to conceptualize writerly invention -- invention as adopting a non-intentional intellectual stance wherein heuristics are experienced as acting upon the writer as opposed to being enacted by the writer. This view of invention complicates and extends the traditional, Aristotelian view of invention as discreet…

  10. Invention Zaman Barok dan Pengembangan Permainan Piano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RIANTI MARDALENA PASARIBU

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Invention in Barok Era and The Development of Piano Lesson. In piano lesson, one material of parts towhich had been given is polyphony, which is an Invention from J.S. Invention is a basic fi nger-skill for pianist.Invention develops in the Baroque period. The baroque ideology is not only called as the reaction of Renaissance,but also as the continuing development from Renaissance. Invention is known in two forms. First is as a pianocomposition and second is as a piano play which can push a pianist to understand more about an arrangement thathe played and expressed.

  11. Can Universities Profit from General Purpose Inventions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barirani, Ahmad; Beaudry, Catherine; Agard, Bruno

    2017-01-01

    The lack of control over downstream assets can hinder universities’ ability to extract rents from their inventive activities. We explore this possibility by assessing the relationship between invention generality and renewal decisions for a sample of Canadian nanotechnology patents. Our results...... show that general purpose inventions enjoy a longer legal life. Although private sector organizations renew their patents at a higher rate than universities, the gap between the two sectors decreases as invention generality increases. However, there is little indication that the most general purpose...... inventions owned by universities survive for longer than the ones owned by private sector organizations....

  12. Tree Ordination as Invented Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avery Morrow

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The symbolic ordination of trees as monks in Thailand is widely perceived in Western scholarship to be proof of the power of Buddhism to spur ecological thought. However, a closer analysis of tree ordination demonstrates that it is not primarily about Buddhist teaching, but rather is an invented tradition based on the sanctity of Thai Buddhist symbols as well as those of spirit worship and the monarchy. Tree ordinations performed by non-Buddhist minorities in Thailand do not demonstrate a religious commitment but rather a political one.

  13. 7 CFR 1210.367 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications....367 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. Any patents, copyrights, inventions, product... such patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, or publications shall be considered income...

  14. Neither invented nor shared here

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Ana Luiza de Araújo; Knudsen, M. P.; Søndergaard, Helle Alsted

    2014-01-01

    against the sourcing of external knowledge (the Not-invented-here (NIH) syndrome) and against the external exploitation of knowledge assets (the Not-shared-here (NSH) syndrome). Using survey data collected from 331 firms, this article empirically assesses the theoretical assertion that the NIH and NSH......Despite the massive interest in open innovation, limited attention has been expressed concerning the intra-organizational challenges in implementing it. An exemplary issue is the unwillingness of employees to undertake extra-organizational knowledge transactions in the form of negative attitudes...... an explanation for the problems that firms face in benefiting from inflows and outflows of knowledge and possible guidance as to how managers can disengage such attitudes....

  15. New Paradigms for Computer Aids to Invention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langston, M. Diane

    Many people are interested in computer aids to rhetorical invention and want to know how to evaluate an invention aid, what the criteria are for a good one, and how to assess the trade-offs involved in buying one product or another. The frame of reference for this evaluation is an "old paradigm," which treats the computer as if it were…

  16. Another of CERN's many inventions!

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    CERN has often been the incubator for the development of innovative technologies but very few people know about the capacitive touch screens invented for the consoles of the SPS Control Room in 1973. The Bulletin interviewed their inventor, Bent Stumpe, who also developed the CERN tracker ball and the computer-programmable knob.   Bent Stumpe, inventor of the CERN touch screens, tracker ball and programmable knob. Here we see him with one the first touch screens developed in 1973.   A specific goal, a lot of motivation and the technical skills to do it: that’s all you need to create something nobody else has ever done before. Back in the 1970s, the SPS was being built and its control room required the installation of thousands of buttons, knobs, switches and oscilloscopes to operate the machine. Frank Beck, newly recruited from the DD Division to be in charge of the central control hub in the SPS control room, asked Bent Stumpe for solutions to the following problem: how to bui...

  17. Sensational inventions by girls and boys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    1999-05-01

    This book introduces the interesting and original inventions invented by girls and boys. These are the titles of the inventions : an antenna ruler, muscular strength machine with spring, items to remove sticky matter for advertisement, chair ladder for the disabled, useful control box for feeding bees, a portable carriage for dogs, a lid of ashtray, hot-air balloon using solar power, toy cannon for reports, hard badminton racket, tv cable and a distributor which are easy to install, device for car automatic parking, a cleanser for vegetables.

  18. Ancient engineers' inventions precursors of the present

    CERN Document Server

    Rossi, Cesare

    2017-01-01

    This book describes the inventions and designs of ancient engineers who are the precursors of the present. The period ranges mainly from 300 B.C. to 1600 A.D. with several exceptions. Many of the oldest inventions are documented by archaeological finds, often very little known, mainly from Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae and reveal a surprising modernity in their conception. Most of the inventions presented in the first four parts of the book were conceived up to the late Roman Empire and may be considered as milestones, each in their respective field. The fifth part concentrates on more recent centuries. The sixth part deals with some building construction techniques. Generally, for each of the presented inventions, three elements of research and reference are provided: written documents (the classics), iconic references (coins, bas-reliefs, etc.) and archaeological findings. The authors did not write this book for engineers only; hence they describe all the devices without assuming wide technical knowledge...

  19. Impact of bioethics on patentability of inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devaiah, Vishwas H

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of bioethics on patent claims. The increase in research activities involving human biological materials, and the rush to commercialise inventions derived from such biological materials, can at times result in unethical conduct of research. Questions arise as to whether patent law should concern itself with tainted research that has resulted in an invention or whether it should grant patent rights solely on the basis of the technical improvements resulting from such research. This paper highlights the significance of ethical practice in biomedical research, an issue that may influence the decision to grant patents on inventions. It explores the relation between morality, bioethics and patents from the perspective of the objectives of the patent system and current developments in the law on patents. The inclusion of the morality provision in patent law introduces a mechanism through which inventions derived from tainted research can be filtered at an early stage.

  20. The Invention Convention: Mind Meets Simple Machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadi-Tabassum, Samina

    1997-01-01

    Describes an Earth Day celebration where students had to design an invention made of simple machines that could crush an empty aluminum can through 10 rapid mechanical movements using materials foraged from the students' homes. (JRH)

  1. The Transformation of Science Into Patented Inventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beukel, Karin

    This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested. The fin...... for searching in new directions for solutions if challenges of exploitation with regard to the scientific invention arise.......This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested....... The findings recast the relationship between science and patents as a process in which the way the transformation of the scientific invention is handled has an effect on the breadth of the patent scope. Unleashing patent scope surplus is dependent on processes related to abstraction and cognitive variety...

  2. How James Watt invented the copier forgotten inventions of our great scientists

    CERN Document Server

    Schils, René

    2012-01-01

    Features 25 different scientists and the ideas which may not have made them famous, but made history… Typically, we remember our greatest scientists from one single invention, one new formula or one incredible breakthrough. This narrow perspective does not give justice to the versatility of many scientists who also earned a reputation in other areas of science. James Watt, for instance, is known for inventing the steam engine, yet most people do not know that he also invented the copier. Alexander Graham Bell of course invented the telephone, but only few know that he invented artificial breathing equipment, a prototype of the ‘iron lung’. Edmond Halley, whose name is associated with the comet that visits Earth every 75 years, produced the first mortality tables, used for life insurances. This entertaining book is aimed at anyone who enjoys reading about inventions and discoveries by the most creative minds. Detailed illustrations of the forgotten designs and ideas enrich the work throughout.

  3. Patentability of inventions under the Nigeria's patents and designs act

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The nature of invention, the reason(s) for protecting invention and the requirements for the patentability of invention under the Nigerian Patents and Designs Act are the main thrust of this paper. It is now trite that the global standard or criterion for granting a patent is that the invention must be patentable. The paper therefore ...

  4. 45 CFR 650.19 - Electronic invention handling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PATENTS § 650.19 Electronic invention handling. (a) Grantees must use the iEdison Invention Information Management System maintained by the National Institutes of Health to disclose NSF subject inventions... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Electronic invention handling. 650.19 Section 650...

  5. 32 CFR 746.5 - Government inventions available for licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Government inventions available for licensing... PROCUREMENT, PROPERTY, PATENTS, AND CONTRACTS LICENSING OF GOVERNMENT INVENTIONS IN THE CUSTODY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY § 746.5 Government inventions available for licensing. Government inventions normally...

  6. Brilliant inventions by girls and boys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yeon Jung

    1999-05-01

    This book reports the brilliant inventions by children. The titles of the inventions are glasses which shine at height, a chair and a table for the disabled, emergency signal light at night, a bean sprout cultivator using a plastic bottle, signal light attached timer, alcohol lamp 3-at-a-time, a flower pot with wick, safe swimming suit, electronic pot for future, a useful screwdriver, bath tower for kids, handles of pots and pans for camping which are not hot, snow scraper of greenhouse, heating shoes for preventing frostbite, and utility furniture.

  7. Licensing-In Fosters Rapid Invention!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leone, Maria Isabella; Reichstein, Toke

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on contractual economics and innovation management, licensing-in is hypothesized to accelerate licensees' invention process. Studying a matched dataset of licensees and non-licensees, licensees are shown to be faster at inventing, but the effect is negated if the license includes a grant......-back clause, shifting incentives from licensee to licensor. Also, the effect is significantly reduced if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology. The effect of the grant-back clause is offset if the licensee is unfamiliar with the licensed technology, suggesting that the licensee retains...

  8. SCHOOL ECONOMY IN THE INVENTING EDUCATION PARADIGM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy Alexandrovich Lepeshev

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Requirements applied to specialists for working in the sixth wave of innovation, i.e. Industry 4.0, determines the necessity of education system improvement concerning training solution and, as a result, creation of inventive ideas. Today in our country this process is stimulated by various competitions, including financing for the implementation of results. In training programs knowledge approach still prevails. The corresponding methods, along with stimulation, are included into educational programs in leading foreign educational institutions, mostly at universities. If in previous decades mostly divergent methods were studied (morphological analysis, the focal objects method, synectics, etc., then now the leading place is taken by theory of inventive problem solving – TRIZ created in the former USSR by G.S. Altshuller in connection with the increasing leading corporations requirement for specialists in TRIZ. This fact gives Russia essential competitive advantages in the innovative way of development. For effective use of this advantage it is important to form the TRIZ-based innovative thinking beginning from school days. For this purpose authors developed new methods in TRIZ-pedagogics, uniting metasubject results (in higher education institutions – competences into the system of innovative thinking. As a result, both educational and economic effects are achieved: the intellectual property created in educational process. For schools it is the possibility of significant improvement of financing causing importance of new mechanisms of intellectual property fixation, protection and implementation. Recommendations about creation of such system are provided in the article. Purpose Defining the opportunities and ways of improving economic effectiveness of educational activities in the paradigm of inventive education. Tasks: – analysis of school education institutions experience in implementation of approaches preceding the inventing education

  9. Patent Work: The Other Side of Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Tamara

    2009-01-01

    In popular culture, the inventor is often portrayed as a lone tinkerer who emerges from a workshop with some magnificent new device. In reality, most inventions are the collaborative effort of scientists and engineers--usually researchers affiliated with a college or corporation--that result in the discovery, creation, or improvement of either…

  10. Physical tools for textile creativity and invention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen; Lenau, Torben Anker

    2010-01-01

    Two textile research projects (one completed and one ongoing) are described, where physical inspirational tools are developed and tested with the aim of stimulating textile creativity and invention, i.e. the use of textile materials in new kinds of products, thus bringing textiles into new contexts...

  11. Bringing university invention to the market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reingand, Nadya; Osten, Wolfgang

    2010-09-01

    Despite of the fact that primary purpose of universities is to disseminate knowledge, university research happens to be extremely important for industry development. More than 70 % of most important patents are originated from university studies. This paper addresses specifics of university intellectual property (IP) and provides strategies for successful implementation of university inventions. Practical aspects of inventing such as the patent ownership and monetary rewards for the inventors, working at the university, are discussed. We paid special attention to certain distinctions in IP laws in various countries, which is important to know due to the growth of international collaboration between universities, multi-national character of companies and their cooperation with the universities. We show IP managements in industry - academia research on a fair basis within two different models: cooperation research paid by third party such as government and contract research paid by industry.

  12. Invented genealogies as political mythologies: definitionand examples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filip-Lucian Iorga

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The genealogical imaginary is a subcategory of the imaginary referring to the origin and it comprises a wide range of genealogical myths: fictitious ancestors, whether divine or human, fabulous kinships, invented genealogies, descendancies which are impossible to certify with documents, erroneous interpretations of certain degrees of kinship, real genealogies that have received unexpected interpretations and historiographic clichés grown on more or less attestable genealogies. The case of the Balş family is one of the most interesting: trying to integrate in the political structures of the Austrian and Russian Empire, some members of this old Moldavian family invent a fictitious genealogy that links the French counts of Baux, the Balsa family, a Serbian medieval dynasty and the Balş family, Moldavian boyars.

  13. Nanotechnological inventions considerably improve performance characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The invention «The method of production of carbon nanomaterial (RU 2509053» can be used as an additive for concretes and polymers which significantly improves their performance characteristics. The method of production of carbon nanomaterial consists of the following stages: preliminary preparation of sphagnous moss when it is refined from foreign admixtures, dried up to 10% humidity and ground, then ground material is exposed to pyrolysis under the temperature 850–950оC for 1–2 hours and cooled up to the environment temperature. After that amorphous carbon obtained in pyrolysis is treated with mechanical activation in the variable planetary mill for 7–10 hours. The invention makes it possible to provide increased outcome of nanotubes with high cleanliness. The invention «The method of production of nanodispersed metal powders and alloys of them (RU 2509626» relates to the powder metallurgy. Powder metal chloride or powder mixture at least of two metal chlorides is treated in the environment of the water steam which is supplied in reaction space at the rate of 50–100 ml/min at the temperature 400–800оC at the presence of absorbent carbon or introducing carbon oxide (II obtained during dissolution of formic acid HCOOH. The invention provides reliable production of nanodispersed metal powders and alloys of them from 3-d metal range: Ni, Co, Cu, Fe, Zn which can be used in powder metallurgy to improve baking process, in chemical industry as the fillers of polymers and reaction catalysts; as additives to anticorrosive covers, etc.

  14. Deepening Learning through Learning-by-Inventing

    OpenAIRE

    Apiola, Mikko; Tedre, Matti

    2013-01-01

    It has been shown that deep approaches to learning, intrinsic motivation, and self-regulated learning have strong positive effects on learning. How those pedagogical theories can be integrated in computing curricula is, however, still lacking empirically grounded analyses. This study integrated, in a robotics-based programming class, a method of learning-by-inventing, and studied its qualitative effects on students’ learning through 144 interviews. Five findings were related with learning the...

  15. The story of global patent inventions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Yeun Jung

    1996-11-01

    This book introduces the global patent inventions, which are soap floating on the water, computer, radar, zipper, fuel cell, a raincoat, a pencil, a ball point pen, vitamin, an ice saw, a subway, post it, endoscope, ultrasonic detector, machine to pierce the hall, hair-restorer, a refrigerator, tricycle tractor of Benz steam engine of watt, carburettor, aluminum smelting process, video game, ice cream freezer, lead powder, piling system, burner using infrared rays, small projector, blender for recycling of resource, and artificial silk.

  16. Review of The Invention of Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael E. Marotta

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Invention of Enterprise: Entrepreneurship from Ancient Mesopotamia to Modern Times, David S. Landes, Joel Mokyr, and William J. Baumol, eds., Princeton University Press, 2010, is a dense anthology that provides an “orbital view” of the history of trade and commerce. The essays encompass several theoretic frameworks while following three themes: the creation of enterprises; the distinctions between creative and corrosive capitalism; and the societies that engender those different modes.

  17. 75 FR 54656 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned..., Pasadena, CA 91109; telephone (818) 354-7770. NASA Case No.: NPO-46771-1: Diamond Heat-Spreader for...

  18. 78 FR 57665 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ..., Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below assigned to the National... are available for licensing. DATES: September 19, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Edward K...

  19. Drug Delivery Research: The Invention Cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kinam

    2016-07-05

    Controlled drug delivery systems have been successful in introducing improved formulations for better use of existing drugs and novel delivery of biologicals. The initial success of producing many oral products and some injectable depot formulations, however, reached a plateau, and the progress over the past three decades has been slow. This is likely due to the difficulties of formulating hydrophilic, high molecular weight drugs, such as proteins and nucleic acids, for targeting specific cells, month-long sustained delivery, and pulsatile release. Since the approaches that have served well for delivery of small molecules are not applicable to large molecules, it is time to develop new methods for biologicals. The process of developing future drug delivery systems, termed as the invention cycle, is proposed, and it starts with clearly defining the problems for developing certain formulations. Once the problems are well-defined, creative imagination examines all potential options and selects the best answer and alternatives. Then, innovation takes over to generate unique solutions for developing new formulations that resolve the previously identified problems. Ultimately, the new delivery systems will have to go through a translational process to produce the final formulations for clinical use. The invention cycle also emphasizes examining the reasons for success of certain formulations, not just the reasons for failure of many systems. Implementation of the new invention cycle requires new mechanisms of funding the younger generation of scientists and a new way of identifying their achievements, thereby releasing them from the burden of short-termism.

  20. The Transformation of Science Into Patented Inventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beukel, Karin

    This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested. The fin......This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested....... The findings recast the relationship between science and patents as a process in which the way the transformation of the scientific invention is handled has an effect on the breadth of the patent scope. Unleashing patent scope surplus is dependent on processes related to abstraction and cognitive variety......, which can be mobilized by patent experts with both an in-depth understanding of the scientific discovery, due to their educational background in the life sciences, and capabilities within the legal framework for patenting. More specifically, the findings reveal previously unreported aspects...

  1. Economy and Transparency: The Model Invention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmud Hassan TALUKDAR

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Relation of Transparency and Economic growth is a long global debate in the society. Theoretically, policy makers, scholars and researchers argue that there is a close relation among these two variables. However, the quantitative relation and any global model is yet unrevealed. So, the main aim of this paper is to ascertain the nature, dimension and extent of the relationship between economy and Transparency as well as to invent a global model. This paper is useful for researchers, planners, policy makers and scholars who are directly or indirectly involved or willing to involve in the thrust for quantitative relation of these two variables. Literature review is the main source of information of this study. In introductory section, this paper briefly describes theoretical relationship of economy and Transparency as well as it also describes the proxy variables.GDP (2012 of different countries are used as proxy of Economy and Corruption Perception Index (CPI scores (2012 of different countries are used as proxy of level of Transparency. In methodology section this paper describes the detail methodology, sampling procedure and level of analysis. This study randomly selects 30 countries (10 from higher CPI scores+10 from moderate CPI scores+ 10 from lower CPI scores around the globe as sample. In the third section, this research presents the correlation value which divulge that there is a positive correlation (p=.047 with 95% confidence level. That reveals, if the level of transparency of any country increase, the GDP also increase accordingly. Then in this section two quantitative models are developed using linear regression analysis. First invented model is: Economy (GDP in billion US$ = [(8.983*Level of transparency -108.11]. This paper termed the first invented model as “Mahmud EcoT Model-1”. This model calibrates that one unit improvement of transparency leads 8.98 billion US$ improvement in the GDP of a country. Then taking this unit

  2. 75 FR 12761 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions.... SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for... responsiveness to PIAs. U.S. and Australian patents issued for this invention have composition and method of use...

  3. Identifying and Developing Inventive Talent in the Republic of Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seungmo

    2016-01-01

    In the 21st century, the need to develop creative potential through education is more critical than ever. Invention-gifted education is one approach that can both foster creativity and develop inventive talent. Invention-gifted education in the Republic of Korea is distinctive in its systematic approach to talent identification and talent…

  4. 7 CFR 1220.254 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications... Miscellaneous § 1220.254 Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications. (a) Any patents, copyrights..., franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit of...

  5. 50 CFR 82.19 - Patents and inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patents and inventions. 82.19 Section 82...-IN-AID (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.19 Patents and inventions. Determination of the patent rights in any inventions or discoveries resulting from work under cooperative...

  6. How important are local inventive milieus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejermo, Olof; Hansen, Høgni Kalsø

    2015-01-01

    for demographic and sector effects along with the educational characteristics of parents. This approach allows us to trace how location history influences individuals’ inventive capacity. We focus on three types of influences: (a) future inventors in the municipality around the time of birth, (b) future inventors...... around the time of graduation from high school and (c) future inventors at graduation from higher education. We find suggestive evidence that co-locating with future inventors may impact the probability of becoming an inventor. The most consistent effect is found for place of higher education; some...

  7. The invention of the athletic body

    OpenAIRE

    Hortensia Moreno

    2013-01-01

    Based on two mythic figures − one belonging to classic Greece (the “Glowing Body”), and another to primitive Christianity (the “Heavenly Body”) − I reflect on the symbolic logic of exclusion as enacted in four moments in the history of the Olympic Games. The first has to do with the invention of amateurism in the sporting philosophy of Coubertin, or the class exclusion. The second refers to the Anthropology Days held at the 1904 Olympic Games in Saint Louis (Missouri), or ...

  8. Exploring the locus of invention : The dynamics of network communities and firms’ invention productivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sytch, M.; Tatarynowicz, A.

    2014-01-01

    Departing from prior research analyzing the implications of social structure for actors' outcomes by applying either an ego network or a global network perspective, this study examines the implications of network communities for the invention productivity of firms. Network communities represent

  9. Evaluation of Energy-Related Inventions Program: An Empirical Analysis of 204 Inventions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    This report is an evaluation of the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP). It assesses the program's effectiveness and impacts, characterizes participating inventions and inventors, and identifies correlates of successful commercialization in order to suggest possible improvements. Seventy of the 204 ERIP inventions that were studied were successfully introduced into the market, accounting for more than $200M in sales from 1976 through 1984. During 1984, 921 full-time equivalent employees were supported directly by ERIP inventors or their licensees. (Estimates of indirect economic impacts are also contained in the report.) Data on patterns of fund raising clearly show a need for assistance by programs like ERIP. Commercially successful inventors shared several traits. They had less formal education, fewer patents, more work experience in small firms, more outside funding early in their work, more shared responsibility with others for invention development, more management experience, and greater previous experience with starting new businesses. Recommendations are made regarding: (1) priorities for allocating ERIP grants; (2) improved efficiency of the NBS/DOE operations; (3) delivery of technical and commercialization assistance to grant recipients; and (4) further evaluation research.

  10. Consciousness and the Invention of Morel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lampros ePerogamvros

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A scientific study of consciousness should take into consideration both objective and subjective measures of conscious experiences. To this date, very few studies have tried to integrate third-person data, or data about the neurophysiological correlates of conscious states, with first-person data, or data about subjective experience. Inspired by Morel’s invention (Casares, 1940, a literary machine capable of reproducing sensory-dependent external reality, this article suggests that combination of virtual reality techniques and brain reading technologies, that is, decoding of conscious states by brain activity alone, can offer this integration. It is also proposed that the multimodal, simulating and integrative capacities of the dreaming brain render it an 'endogenous' Morel's machine, which can potentially be used in studying consciousness, but not always in a reliable way. Both the literary machine and dreaming could contribute to a better understanding of conscious states.

  11. Singapore: The Politics of Inventing National Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Ortmann

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study wants to shed new light on the politics of Singapore’s national identity invention. Since independence in 1965, the Singaporean government has tried to generate a sense of national identity in Singapore. While at first, the priority was on pragmatic values to promote the economic development, this changed in the late 1980s when the government became concerned with the widespread materialism within the society. As an alternative, so-called Asian values sought to provide an ideological alternative and a new basis for a stronger national identity. At the same time, average Singaporeans have developed their own unique conceptions of the city-state’s national identity, which sometimes contradict the official nation-building efforts and thus constitute a subtle form of opposition. Many Singaporeans demand greater participation in the negotiation of their Singaporean identity, which demonstrates the difficulty of constructing a sustainable authoritarian civic national identity.

  12. The Democratic Invention. A Reading of Lefort.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Sirczuk

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will present the way in which Lefort interprets modern democracy as a new form of society in regard to the sources of law and legitimacy. Lefort is a thinker who is difficult to place within the context of contemporary political theory: he not only defends democracy against Marxism but also thinks that this form of society cannot be circumscribed within the limits of the modern state, nor be understood through the categories that the tradition of political philosophy has developed to distinguish between political regimes. Lefort combines the defense of democracy with a radical critique of the established order. He identifies the democratic invention with the institution of a dynamic that makes, by right, the radical questioning of law the source of political legitimacy.

  13. The electronics revolution inventing the future

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, J B

    2017-01-01

    This book is about how electronics, computing, and telecommunications have profoundly changed our lives – the way we work, live, and play. It covers a myriad of topics from the invention of the fundamental devices, and integrated circuits, through radio and television, to computers, mobile telephones and GPS. Today our lives are ruled by electronics as they control the home and computers dominate the workspace. We walk around with mobile phones and communicate by email. Electronics didn’t exist until into the twentieth century. The industrial revolution is the term usually applied to the coming of steam, railways and the factory system. In the twentieth century, it is electronics that has changed the way we gather our information, entertain ourselves, communicate and work. This book demonstrates that this is, in fact, another revolution. .

  14. The invention of the athletic body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hortensia Moreno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on two mythic figures − one belonging to classic Greece (the “Glowing Body”, and another to primitive Christianity (the “Heavenly Body” − I reflect on the symbolic logic of exclusion as enacted in four moments in the history of the Olympic Games. The first has to do with the invention of amateurism in the sporting philosophy of Coubertin, or the class exclusion. The second refers to the Anthropology Days held at the 1904 Olympic Games in Saint Louis (Missouri, or the ethnic/racial exclusion. The third is the Berlin Parade of Nations in 1936, or the national supremacy. The fourth explores the introduction of gender verification in Mexico City (1968, or the gender exclusion. In this fashion, we re-connect the imagined/imaginary configuration of the body with practices and politics which will result in an anthropological rationalization of discrimination.

  15. Derrida's Quasi-Transcendental Interweaving of Invention and Interpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Hurst, Andrea

    2005-01-01

    In both "Psyche: Inventions of the Other," which stresses the "paradoxical predicaments" in which the concept "invention" remains tied up, and "Ulysses Gramophone: Hear Say Yes in Joyce", which focuses on the related aporetics of interpretation, Derrida’s multiple deconstructive performances uncover the aporias that beset the traditional and seemingly obvious relationship of priority between invention and interpretation that governs, for example, Kant’s analysis of the relationship between ta...

  16. BliStrTune: Hierarchical Invention of Theorem Proving Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Jakubuv, Jan; Urban, Josef

    2016-01-01

    Inventing targeted proof search strategies for specific problem sets is a difficult task. State-of-the-art automated theorem provers (ATPs) such as E allow a large number of user-specified proof search strategies described in a rich domain specific language. Several machine learning methods that invent strategies automatically for ATPs were proposed previously. One of them is the Blind Strategymaker (BliStr), a system for automated invention of ATP strategies. In this paper we introduce BliSt...

  17. Energy-Related Inventions Program: an overview of the evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soderstrom, E.J.; Bronfman, L.M.; Rorke, M.G.

    1983-09-01

    The Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) is jointly administered by the US Departments of Energy and Commerce. Grants were awarded for 165 of 208 inventions recommended by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS). Of the 165 inventions, 46 have been able to acquire follow-on financing from a variety of sources. Further, 35 of the inventions have reached the marketplace, and their cumulative sales to date total $178 million. An additional 10 inventions are now starting into production. Jobs that have been created directly by production related to the inventions total 756; additional spin-off jobs attributable to the inventions include component and material suppliers, jobbers, franchisees, and distributors. The program was recently evaluated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the following conclusions: (1) the evaluation process at NBS has been successful in identifying technically and economically feasible inventions, (2) the success rate for the program is about equivalent to the reported success rates of private venture capital firms, (3) the program is supporting inventions at a point in their development where they are supported by neither the venture capital community nor industry, and (4) the one-time DOE grants and the associated ERIP support to inventors have been successful in readying inventors for follow-on financing from the private sector.

  18. 77 FR 54935 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned... Fabricating Diamond-Dispersed Fiber-Reinforced Composite Coating On Low Temperature Sliding Thrust Bearing... of Nanoscale Metal Oxide Semiconductors for Gas Sensing in Aerospace Applications; NASA Case No.: LEW...

  19. Distant Recombination and the Creation of Basic Inventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barirani, Ahmad; Beaudry, Catherine; Agard, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    characteristics. Our analysis of Canadian nanotechnology patents granted between 1990 and 1997 shows that although private organizations generally yield smaller rates of basic inventions than public organizations, increases to recombination distance by the former increases invention basicness at a higher rate...

  20. 76 FR 30731 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for...

  1. 75 FR 75177 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for...

  2. 75 FR 21636 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions.... SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for.... Australian Patent Application No. 2005245966 filed 20 May 2005. Canadian Patent Application No. 2567563 filed...

  3. 76 FR 10375 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions.... SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for..., doi:10.1371/ journal.pbio.0030087. [PubMed: 15757365] Patent Status: Issued Australian Patent No...

  4. 48 CFR 27.305-4 - Protection of invention disclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of invention disclosures. 27.305-4 Section 27.305-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION....C. 205, withhold from disclosure to the public any invention disclosures reported under the patent...

  5. 10 CFR 784.5 - Waiver of identified inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... contractor has made or will make substantial investment of financial resources or technology developed at the contractor's private expense which will directly benefit the commercialization of the invention; (g) The... extent to which the Government has contributed to the field of technology of the invention; (e) The...

  6. 75 FR 8082 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES...-3121 or [email protected] for more information. Beta 1,4-Galactosyltransferases With Altered Donor... pharmaceutical agents and improved vaccines that can be used to treat disease. The invention claims beta (1,4...

  7. 75 FR 28664 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ..., Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned... Trademark Office, and are available for licensing. DATES: May 21, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...

  8. 75 FR 54656 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ..., Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below assigned to the National... are available for licensing. DATES: September 8, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Edward K. Fein...

  9. 78 FR 13906 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ..., Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned... Trademark Office, and are available for licensing. DATES: March 1, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...

  10. 75 FR 28663 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ..., Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned... Trademark Office, and are available for licensing. DATES: May 21, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...

  11. 78 FR 13905 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ..., Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Availability of Inventions for Licensing. SUMMARY: Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned... Trademark Office, and are available for licensing. DATES: March 1, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...

  12. 75 FR 22118 - Notice of Invention Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Commerce. ACTION: Notice of invention available for licensing. SUMMARY: The invention listed below is owned by the U.S. Government, as... for licensing in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 and 37 CFR part 404 to achieve expeditious...

  13. NIH Employee Invention Report (EIR) | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIH researchers must immediately contact their Laboratory or Branch Chief and inform him or her of a possible invention, and then consult with your NCI TTC Technology Transfer Manager about submitting an Employee Invention Report (EIR) Form. | [google6f4cd5334ac394ab.html

  14. 37 CFR 404.12 - Protection and administration of inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Protection and administration of inventions. 404.12 Section 404.12 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE LICENSING OF GOVERNMENT OWNED INVENTIONS § 404.12 Protection and...

  15. 75 FR 28664 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... United States Patent and Trademark office, and are available for licensing. DATES: May 21, 2010. FOR... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: The...

  16. 77 FR 54934 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing. DATES... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability of inventions for licensing. SUMMARY: Patent...

  17. 50 CFR 401.21 - Patents and inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patents and inventions. 401.21 Section 401... CONSERVATION, DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.21 Patents and inventions. Determination of the patent rights... to the Act shall be consistent with the “Government Patent Policy” (President's memorandum for Heads...

  18. 77 FR 32642 - Patents and Inventions; Delegation of Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Patents and... regarding the invention and patent program of CDC and the authority to make determinations of rights in inventions and patents in which CDC and the Department have an interest. This delegation excludes the...

  19. 77 FR 71004 - Patents and Inventions; Delegation of Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Patents and..., all authorities to administer and make decisions regarding the invention and patent program of CDC and the authority to make determinations of rights in inventions and patents in which CDC and the...

  20. THE VALUE AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF UNAPPLIED INVENTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul Sorin V. FÂNTÂNĂ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The accounting regulations, the guidelines for their application and other articles by accounting specialists argue that inventions created internally are not recognized as intangible assets. Only assets acquired separately can be measured reliably, based on the document justifying the purchase transaction. Other specialised papers show that it is difficult to establish the existence of this intangible asset and its credible cost. That is, it can give or calculate a value of the invention only if it can show the acceptable cost of achieving it. But all these works argue that the protection of inventions is profitable if it is the basis of a new business, if it promotes or protects the current activity. However, these papers elude - because it is uncomfortable - the situation where an invention created internally has a value only because it forecloses the market. It is curious that an invention has accounting value only when traded.

  1. CERN at the International Inventions Fair

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    CERN is the guest of honour at the 35th International Inventions Fair, which will take place from 18th to 22nd April at Palexpo, in Geneva. CERN has been chosen as the guest of honour for its ability to develop new technologies and translate them for the benefit of society. For the Fair, CERN has teamed up with ten companies that have made use of technologies and ideas from the Laboratory. The CERN stand at the exhibition will be dedicated to a presentation of the Laboratory and the LHC. Each of the technologies featured will be highlighted on the stand, along with the companies that have put them into more general use. This will allow visitors to trace the path from basic research to practical application from start to finish. One example is Medipix, a particle detection technology that has found applications in medical imaging. Visitors to the Fair will be able to see a Medipix detector in action on the CERN stand, and use it to view the particles emitted by everyday objects.

  2. Why Is Hard To Patent An Invention?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available When employed by a company, in almost all the cases a new employee has to sign an agreement giving the company exclusive rights to any intellectual property developed as part of their work assignments. This agreement could extend beyond a change of jobs and cause conflict of interests in new employment situations. A patent is a government-granted monopoly given to an inventor as both a reward for the intellectual and financial investment, and a stimulus to innovate. As a monopoly, the patent has legal power to exclude others from exploiting the invention in any way for a period of 20 years from the time the patent application has been filed. A trademark provides instant recognition of a product or company; a service mark provides instant recognition of a service. They both have unlimited lifetime. But the owner must renew or confirm continuous use at the end of five years, and every 10 years thereafter. A trade secret is information keep secret by the owner to give him advantage over competitors. Since it is secret, a trade secret protection has unlimited lifetime.

  3. The practical Einstein experiments, patents, inventions

    CERN Document Server

    Illy, József

    2012-01-01

    Albert Einstein may be best known as the wire-haired whacky physicist who gave us the theory of relativity, but that's just one facet of this genius' contribution to human knowledge and modern science. As Jozsef Illy expertly shows in this book, Einstein had an eminently practical side as well. As a youth, Einstein was an inveterate tinkerer in the electrical supply factory his father and uncle owned and operated. His first paid job was as a patent examiner. Later in life, Einstein contributed to many inventions, including refrigerators, microphones, and instruments for aviation. In published papers, Einstein often provided ways to test his theories and fundamental problems of the scientific community of his times. He delved deeply into a variety of technological innovations, most notably the gyrocompass, and consulted for industry in patent cases and on other legal matters. Einstein also provided explanations for common and mundane phenomena, such as the meandering of rivers. In these and other hands-on exam...

  4. Inventions Utilizing Microfluidics and Colloidal Particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marr, David W.; Gong, Tieying; Oakey, John; Terray, Alexander V.; Wu, David T.

    2009-01-01

    Several related inventions pertain to families of devices that utilize microfluidics and/or colloidal particles to obtain useful physical effects. The families of devices can be summarized as follows: (1) Microfluidic pumps and/or valves wherein colloidal-size particles driven by electrical, magnetic, or optical fields serve as the principal moving parts that propel and/or direct the affected flows. (2) Devices that are similar to the aforementioned pumps and/or valves except that they are used to manipulate light instead of fluids. The colloidal particles in these devices are substantially constrained to move in a plane and are driven to spatially order them into arrays that function, variously, as waveguides, filters, or switches for optical signals. (3) Devices wherein the ultra-laminar nature of microfluidic flows is exploited to effect separation, sorting, or filtering of colloidal particles or biological cells in suspension. (4) Devices wherein a combination of confinement and applied electrical and/or optical fields forces the colloidal particles to become arranged into three-dimensional crystal lattices. Control of the colloidal crystalline structures could be exploited to control diffraction of light. (5) Microfluidic devices, incorporating fluid waveguides, wherein switching of flows among different paths would be accompanied by switching of optical signals.

  5. Invention as a combinatorial process: evidence from US patents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youn, Hyejin; Strumsky, Deborah; Bettencourt, Luis M A; Lobo, José

    2015-05-06

    Invention has been commonly conceptualized as a search over a space of combinatorial possibilities. Despite the existence of a rich literature, spanning a variety of disciplines, elaborating on the recombinant nature of invention, we lack a formal and quantitative characterization of the combinatorial process underpinning inventive activity. Here, we use US patent records dating from 1790 to 2010 to formally characterize invention as a combinatorial process. To do this, we treat patented inventions as carriers of technologies and avail ourselves of the elaborate system of technology codes used by the United States Patent and Trademark Office to classify the technologies responsible for an invention's novelty. We find that the combinatorial inventive process exhibits an invariant rate of 'exploitation' (refinements of existing combinations of technologies) and 'exploration' (the development of new technological combinations). This combinatorial dynamic contrasts sharply with the creation of new technological capabilities-the building blocks to be combined-that has significantly slowed down. We also find that, notwithstanding the very reduced rate at which new technologies are introduced, the generation of novel technological combinations engenders a practically infinite space of technological configurations.

  6. The Invention of Tradition: Illyrian Heraldry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Palavestra

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The "Illyrian heraldry", as a phenomenon of the invented tradition, encompasses the rolls of arms - armorials, which appear in Dalmatia, Italy, Spain and Austria at the end of the XVI and beginning of the XVII century. These armorials contained Serbian and other southern Slav monarchic, territorial and family coats of arms. The authenticity, heraldic sources and origins of these armorials are extremely complex problems that can be traced back to the medieval heraldic heritage of the Serbs, on the one hand, and reveal the intricate web of political circumstances in the XVI and XVII centuries. Illyrian heraldry is also closely linked to the personal and political ambitions of the Spanish admiral, Don Pedro Ohmučević Grgurić, from Slano near Dubrovnik. One cannot, however, link the entire Illyrian heraldry movement only to the daring ambitions of Petar Ohmučević Grgurić In in the XVI and XVII centuries historical constructions, inspired for the most part by sincere Slav patriotism, emerged that proved the unity of the Illyrians and the Slavs, revealed the alleged Slav origins of famous figures (Alexander the Great, Justinian, or simply extolled the splendor and magnitude of a lost Slav kingdom, that could be restored again. Much as it was developing within the spiritual scope of the Catholic church, this "Slovine" movement found its historical basis in the medieval statehood of Serbia and Bosnia, particularly in the powerful empire of Stephan Dushan (1331-55, in the Serbian potentates, heroes, their glitter and opulence, which used to glorify the Slav world. Since the XVII century till today, despite their doubtful authenticity, the Illyrian armorials have been considered important genealogical and heraldic documents. Many families relied on the information in Illyrian heraldic collections when claiming their true, or, more often purported, ancient hereditary rights, titles and lands. The Illyrian armorials were transcribed and reprinted in

  7. 77 FR 3275 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-23

    ... neural cell adhesion molecule 1 (NCAM1). In a similar invention, mutations in LPHN3 were shown to... therapy is associated with increased cellular buildup of autophagic debris. Inactivation of autophagy...

  8. 76 FR 72207 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... Macular degeneration Diabetic retinopathy Retinal vein occlusion Competitive Advantages: Small sample... Vascular access devices Competitive Advantages: Non-degradable antimicrobial methods. Development Stage...

  9. 7 CFR 1160.505 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the rental, sale, leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit of the Board. Section 1160.502 governs the disposition of all such property...

  10. 7 CFR 1150.184 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the rental, sale, leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, inure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination of this subpart, § 1150.181 shall apply to...

  11. 7 CFR 1260.215 - Patents, copyrights, inventions and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., residual payments, or other income from the rental, sale, leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications, ensure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination of...

  12. 7 CFR 1230.88 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publications inure to the benefit of the Board as income and be subject to the same fiscal, budget, and audit controls as other...

  13. 75 FR 81626 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... that require copper as a cofactor, including dopamine-[beta]- hydrolase, cytochrome c oxidase and lysyl...

  14. 76 FR 49777 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES..., ARMD7, ORF480, and PRSS11) is a serine protease that is known to inhibit the TGF-beta family proteins...

  15. 77 FR 31859 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER... prevent tumor development. NSAID-activated gene (NAG-1), a unique member of the TGF-beta superfamily, is...

  16. 76 FR 47217 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES..., beta and gamma (ROR[alpha], [beta] and [gamma], also referred to as NR1F1, 2 and 3, respectively...

  17. 76 FR 59410 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... and beta estrogen receptors, thyroid receptor beta, PPAR gamma 2, retinoid receptor alpha or RXR alpha...

  18. 75 FR 44267 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... agent's ability to induce differentiation and carcinogenesis as well as test potential chemotherapeutic... patent applications. Software System With Applications in Clinical Prognosis, Personalized Medicine and Clinical Research Description of Invention: Available for licensing is software that can provide prognostic...

  19. Making Patent Scopes Exceed the Technological Scopes of Scientific Inventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beukel, Karin

    This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested. The fin...... for searching in new directions for solutions if challenges of exploitation with regard to the scientific invention arise.......This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested....... The findings recast the relationship between science and patents as a process in which the way the transformation of the scientific invention is handled has an effect on the breadth of the patent scope. Unleashing patent scope surplus is dependent on processes related to abstraction and cognitive variety...

  20. 77 FR 57596 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  1. 78 FR 29386 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  2. 78 FR 57663 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  3. 77 FR 65719 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  4. 78 FR 29387 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  5. 78 FR 19744 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  6. 78 FR 19743 - Government-Owned Inventions, Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ...Patent applications on the inventions listed below assigned to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, have been filed in the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and are available for licensing.

  7. 75 FR 43992 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... immune system may play an important role. This invention discloses that patients with AMD gain additional... of age related macular degeneration. This is in light of new findings that immune mechanisms appear...

  8. 75 FR 44270 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... belongs to a group of disorders in which the immune system may play an important role. This invention... agents in the treatment of age related macular degeneration. This is in light of new findings that immune...

  9. The Power of Individual-level Drivers of Inventive Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zwick, Thomas; Frosch, Katharina; Hoisl, Karin

    2017-01-01

    We combine two lines of research on inventive and creative performance that have been separated before. We use empirical models of the performance of inventors over their careers based on an established theoretical framework of the drivers of creativity, the Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Other......, technology, patent, and time information. We show that educational level, skills acquired during the career, personality traits, career motivation, cognitive ability, and cognitive problem-solving style are significantly related to inventive performance....

  10. 76 FR 44941 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ...The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results of federally funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing.

  11. Science, technology and inventions: Children draw their own visions

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Addezio, G.; Rubbia, G.; Marsili, A.

    2013-12-01

    Italian primary schools participated with enthusiasm to the drawing competition 'I'm a scientist too! Science and scientists from the children point of view' organized by the Laboratorio di Didattica e Divulgazione Scientifica of Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) in Rome, Italy. The best drawings were awarded and published in the 2011 school calendar. Children were asked to realize a drawing, choosing among three suggestions: 1) How do you imagine a scientist, and how do you imagine the daily activities of a researcher? 2) What invention do you consider the most important among all those you know? 3) What would you invent? The topic 'invention' (#3) was the most successful. In fact, among the collected 1,000 drawings, 400 drawings depict scientists, nearly 150 depict scientists with their inventions, and other 350 depict inventions alone. A classification scheme was designed in order to synthetically describe this set of images and analyze it. The Draw-A-Scientist scheme, known from literature, was maintained but modified in order to characterize both inventors and inventions. A preliminary analysis about scientists reveals a persistent gender stereotype, since most of depicted persons were male and nearly half of girls draw men scientists. The image of 'mad scientist' is still present but it is mainly related to men. Women scientists are drawn by girls; they are represented as young, not crazy, usually good-looking. There are no particular differences between boys and girls in assigning research fields to scientists. Women scientists are often depicted as assistants, but when alone they are self-confident enough to give their name to an invention or to aspire for Nobel Prize. In this work we present the preliminary analysis performed on drawings containing inventions. What do girls and boys 6 to 11 years old invent? Robots, helping in housekeeping or in doing homework; rockets, space vehicles and time machines, but also fictional machines and

  12. A detailed study of patent system for protection of inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulasi, G Krishna; Rao, B Subba

    2008-09-01

    Creations of brain are called intellect. Since these creations have good commercial value, are called as property. Inventions are intellectual property and can be protected by patents provided the invention is novel, non-obvious, useful and enabled. To have fare trade among member countries, World Trade Organisation proposed TRIPS agreement. India had taken necessary initiation by signing the World Trade Organisation agreement and transformed to global needs. The aim of this article is to enlighten pharmaceutical professionals especially in the field of research and development about planning inventions by thorough review of prior-art, which saves time and money. A thorough understanding is made possible by providing details of origin; present governing bodies, their role along with the Act that is safeguarding the patent system.

  13. Increasing Access to Patented Inventions by Post-grant Measures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schovsbo, Jens Hemmingsen

    2009-01-01

     This paper builds on the recommendation in the STOA Report (2007) to improve the European patent system to "Increase Access to Patented Inventions". The paper first provides some background information to the patent system and to the limitations on access to protected technology from "thickets......" and the so called "tragedy of the anticommons". Next the paper discusses the use of (some) post grant measure to increase access to patented inventions. Traditionally patent law has not paid much attention to such measures. The paper argues that developments suggest that there is good reason to reconsider...... this reluctance and to include measures in the European patent legislation which seek to increase access to patented inventions. Finally the paper presents and discusses three such measures: Compulsory licences, licences of rights, and behavioural rules...

  14. Social networks in the history of innovation and invention

    CERN Document Server

    Moon, Francis C

    2014-01-01

    This book integrates history of science and technology with modern social network theory. Using examples from the history of machines, as well as case studies from wireless, radio and chaos theory, the author challenges the genius model of invention. Network analysis concepts are presented to demonstrate the societal nature of invention in areas such as steam power, internal combustion engines, early aviation, air conditioning and more. Using modern measures of network theory, the author demonstrates that the social networks of invention from the 19th and early 20th centuries have similar characteristics to modern 21st C networks such as the World Wide Web. The book provides evidence that exponential growth in technical innovation is linked to the growth of historical innovation networks.

  15. Summary Robert Noyce and the invention of Silicon Valley

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This work offers a summary of the book "THE MAN BEHIND THE MICROCHIP: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley""by Leslie Berlin.The Man behind the Microchip is Leslie Berlin's first book. This author is project historian for the Silicon Valley Archives, a division of the Stanford University Department of Special Collections. This book tells the story of a giant of the high-tech industry: the multimillionaire Bob Noyce. This co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel co-invented the integrated circuit which became the electronic heart of every modern computer, automobile, advance

  16. CAPITAL LIVES OR THE INVENTION OF THE CLEAR LIFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haquira Osakabe

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available There is in Horto de Incêndio a viscerally uptodate poem, “Sida”, in which the author Al Berto invents a brave expression for the almost unuttered modern malady. The result of this invention is a surprisingly way of overcoming the patterns of representing physical disease and death, ultimately the most poignant affections that humanity faces in contemporaneity. How does this happen and what would be in the roots of this process? I will try to create some convincent hypothesis to answer these questions.

  17. Le risque fiscal réinventé

    OpenAIRE

    Loore, Frédéric

    2016-01-01

    En 2016, le risque fiscal est un concept à réinventer. Pour ce faire, il est utile de l’aborder selon deux questions: 1) Pourquoi le risque fiscal est-il réinventé? La crise financière de 2008 engendre une conscientisation des différents acteurs du monde fiscal. En effet, de nouveaux standards d'évaluation de la responsabilité sociétale des multinationales émergent. L'éthique, par le biais des considérations de l'opinion publique, s'immisce dans les réflexions politiques et influence les diff...

  18. Cooke and Wheatstone and the invention of the electric telegraph

    CERN Document Server

    Hubbard, Geoffrey

    2013-01-01

    Originally published in 1965. Charles Wheatstone collaborated with William Cooke in the invention and early exploitation of the Electric Telegraph. This was the first long distance, faster-than-a-horse messenger. This volume gives an account of the earlier work on which the English invention was founded, and the curious route by which it came to England. It discusses the way in which two such antagonistic men were driven into collaboration and sets out the history of the early telegraph lines, including work on the London and Birmingham Railway and the Great Western Railway.

  19. Reluctant genius Alexander Graham Bell and the passion for invention

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    The popular image of Alexander Graham Bell is that of an elderly American patriarch, memorable only for his paunch, his Santa Claus beard, and the invention of the telephone. In this magisterial reassessment based on thorough new research, acclaimed biographer Charlotte Gray reveals Bell's wide-ranging passion for invention and delves into the private life that supported his genius. The child of a speech therapist and a deaf mother, and possessed of superbly acute hearing, Bell developed an early interest in sound. His understanding of how sound waves might relate to electrical waves enabled h

  20. User's guide to the radionuclide inventory and hazard code INVENT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nancarrow, D.J.; Thorne, M.C.

    1986-05-01

    This report constitutes the user's guide to the radionuclide inventory and hazard index code INVENT and provides an explanation of the mathematical basis of the code, the database used and operation of the code. INVENT was designed to facilitate the post-closure radiological assessment of land-based repositories for low and intermediate-level wastes. For those radionuclides identified to be of potential significance, it allows the calculation of time-dependent radionuclide activities, hazard indices for both inhalation and ingestion of activity, and photon spectra. (author)

  1. Inventing around Edison’s Incandescent Lamp Patent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katznelson, RD; Howells, John

    for Edison’s carbon filament. Fourthly, we show that the recent view that Edison’s patent gave the patent holder General Electric (GE) a dominant position in the incandescent lamp market is incorrect: we show that besides commercially-successful invention around the claims of this patent, data for GE...

  2. Fourth Graders Make Inventions Using SCAMPER and Animal Adaptation Ideas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Mahjabeen; Carignan, Anastasia

    2016-01-01

    This study explores to what extent the SCAMPER (Substitute, Combine, Adapt, Modify, Put to another use, Eliminate, and Rearrange) technique combined with animal adaptation ideas learned through form and function analogy activities can help fourth graders generate creative ideas while augmenting their inventiveness. The sample consisted of 24…

  3. 75 FR 63841 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... of Thyroid Disease and Cancer Description of Invention: NIH investigators have discovered a series of... treatment of thyroid diseases, including thyroid cancer, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism. Certain... thyroid cancer were diagnosed in the United States in 2008, and over 1,500 people died of this disease...

  4. 76 FR 55069 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... report BMD at the time of image interpretation by the radiologist or clinician. Competitive Advantages... infected animals and individuals. Competitive Advantages: Filovirus vaccine candidates based on virus-like...

  5. IVO`s CHP know-how: experience, inventions, patents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aeijaelae, M.; Ohtonen, V. [ed.

    1997-11-01

    IVO can justly claim mastery in the co-generation of district heat and electricity - CHP. As well as looking at the issue from the viewpoint of planners, builders and operators, IVO`s engineers also view power plants through the eyes of the product developer and inventor. This approach has resulted in successful power plant configurations, inventions and patents and visions

  6. 75 FR 36423 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... strains. Structurally, the molecules represent a new class of antibiotic that also likely work through a... bacterial cell division and is a validated target for new antimicrobials. FtsZ is highly conserved among all...

  7. 78 FR 24758 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER..., called PAPST (Peak Assignment and Profile Search Tool for ChIP-Seq), for bench scientists to work with Ch... Commercial Applications: Genomic analysis. Drug target identification. Competitive Advantages: Easy to use...

  8. 75 FR 52758 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-27

    .... Target Market: The potential drug will target a population that suffers from genetic diseases such as... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... expression plasmids could have clinical relevance to diagnosing or treating human disease. The work to...

  9. 78 FR 38352 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions... listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for licensing in the U.S. in...: HHS Reference No. E-181-2006/0--U.S. Patent Nos. 7,943,318 and 8,377,637 and Australian Patent No...

  10. Tradition and Agency. Tracing cultural continuity and invention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    start. Yet - to update the old quip about nostalgia - tradition is not what it used to be. Twenty years ago, Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger showed in The Invention of Tradition how now governments acquire legitimacy and status by creating 'traditional' ceremonies and identities. Their work helped...

  11. Morphological Awareness and Children's Writing: Accuracy, Error, and Invention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCutchen, Deborah; Stull, Sara

    2015-02-01

    This study examined the relationship between children's morphological awareness and their ability to produce accurate morphological derivations in writing. Fifth-grade U.S. students ( n = 175) completed two writing tasks that invited or required morphological manipulation of words. We examined both accuracy and error, specifically errors in spelling and errors of the sort we termed morphological inventions , which entailed inappropriate, novel pairings of stems and suffixes. Regressions were used to determine the relationship between morphological awareness, morphological accuracy, and spelling accuracy, as well as between morphological awareness and morphological inventions. Linear regressions revealed that morphological awareness uniquely predicted children's generation of accurate morphological derivations, regardless of whether or not accurate spelling was required. A logistic regression indicated that morphological awareness was also uniquely predictive of morphological invention, with higher morphological awareness increasing the probability of morphological invention. These findings suggest that morphological knowledge may not only assist children with spelling during writing, but may also assist with word production via generative experimentation with morphological rules during sentence generation. Implications are discussed for the development of children's morphological knowledge and relationships with writing.

  12. The laser and its uses: 50 years after its invention

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Besnard, P.; Favennec, P.N.

    2011-01-01

    The laser, 50 years after its invention, has become a major player in modern technologies with its efficient partner the optical fiber. This book reviews the numerous applications of laser in diverse fields such as telecommunication, metrology, optical radar, surface treatment, medicine. The last chapter is dedicated to inertial fusion through the presentation of the Megajoule laser (LMJ) project

  13. 75 FR 77882 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... used in the prevention and treatment of malaria infection. More specifically, the invention is drawn to...) with genetic mapping and in vivo oocyst formation assay. Applications: Prevention and treatment of... polypeptides retains its structural and biophysical features and is highly effective in presenting foreign...

  14. 75 FR 77885 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... used in the prevention and treatment of malaria infection. More specifically, the invention is drawn to...) with genetic mapping and in vivo oocyst formation assay. Applications: Prevention and treatment of... polypeptides retains its structural and biophysical features and is highly effective in presenting foreign...

  15. 75 FR 21634 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... specific covalent attachment of synthetic ligands, incorporating fluorophores or other substituted groups...: Treatments for Cancer and Immunological Skin Disorders Description of Invention: This technology relates to... such as cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and skin disorders such as lupus, contact dermatitis, and drug...

  16. Determining the Effect of Interactive Invention Instructional Strategy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Physics is the foundation of science and technology. Students‟ achievement in this subject at all levels of Education has been consistently poor. In an attempt to seek solutions to this problem, this study determined the effect of interactive invention strategy on NCE pre-service teachers‟ achievement in physics. The study ...

  17. 75 FR 41501 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... passive diffusion of fixatives and organic solvents into the frozen hydrated material. The invention... trafficking. This technology claims compounds that inhibit sphingolipid biosynthesis for use in treating... Porter. Malformation syndromes due to inborn errors of cholesterol synthesis. J Clin Invest. 2002 Sep 15...

  18. 42 CFR 59.210 - Inventions or discoveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.210 Inventions or discoveries. Any grant..., assignments or other arrangements inconsistent with the grant obligation are continued or entered into and...

  19. 75 FR 39544 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... by heart disease. Survival varies greatly by cancer type and stage at diagnosis. The most recent... diagnoses are due to carcinomas of the breast, prostate, colon, lung, pancreas, and bladder. Monoclonal... applications. Identification of Cancer Stem Cells Description of Invention: Cancer stem cells (CSC) are thought...

  20. 78 FR 71625 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... develop ADCs targeting other cancers that express cell surface markers or other disease targets. Potential... surface markers or other disease targets, such as HIV. Development Stage: Pre-clinical. In vitro data... against inhibiting tumor growth. The invention also relates to methods for preventing damage to heart...

  1. 75 FR 66104 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... overactivated. These mice have a knock-in dominantly negative mutant thyroid hormone receptor [beta] gene (TR[beta]PV mutant) that spontaneously develops thyroid cancer and distant metastasis similar to human...

  2. 75 FR 4573 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-28

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES.... Development Status: Pre-clinical. Market: There are over 160,000 new cases of lung cancer every year in the... expression by TGF-beta is important for differentiation of Th17 and CD103+ inducible regulatory T cells. J...

  3. 75 FR 26258 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-11

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... involve red blood cells or red blood cell precursors. The CD36E cells also produce alpha, beta, and chi.... Development Status: In vitro data can be provided upon request. Market: Malaria Anti-malaria drug screening...

  4. 75 FR 15711 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... chemotactic activity of amyloid beta 1-42, a key pathogenic peptide in Alzheimer's disease. Available for... uptake of Alzheimer disease-associated amyloid beta peptide. J Biol Chem. 2006 Feb 10;281(6):3651-3659...

  5. 77 FR 11560 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... derivatives as ligands for human beta-amyloid plaques. J Med Chem. 2007 Sep 20;50(19):4746-4758. [PMID...'-N,N-dimethylamino)phenylimidazo[1,2- a]pyridines as radioligands for imaging beta-amyloid plaques in...

  6. 76 FR 36553 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES..., Woodard GE, Huang TC, Combs CA, Zhang JH, Simonds WF. Ggamma subunit-selective G protein beta 5 mutant..., Zhang JH, Simonds WF. R7-binding protein targets the G protein beta 5/R7-regulator of G protein...

  7. 77 FR 40073 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-06

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER... could have significant public health and market impact. Potential Commercial Applications: Treatment of... TGF-Beta Receptor II in Bone Marrow Derived Cells Description of Technology: Scientists at the NIH...

  8. 77 FR 24497 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER... Antibodies Targeting Human DNA Polymerase beta, a DNA Repair Enzyme Description of Technology: Available for licensing are monoclonal antibodies targeting human DNA polymerase beta (Pol B). Pol B is a constitutively...

  9. 75 FR 51823 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... applications. Transforming Growth Factor Beta-1 (TGF-[beta]1) Transgenic Mouse Model Description of Technology: Transforming Growth Factor-[beta]1 (TGF- [beta]1) is a multifunctional cytokine that is involved in many...

  10. 76 FR 15326 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-21

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... many cancer types. To date, there are few small molecules that target canonical Wnt/[beta]-catenin signaling and those that have been discovered have low potency and do not directly target [beta]-catenin...

  11. 77 FR 54578 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-05

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER... results when beta cell performance is compromised through loss of cells or reduced cell function. Anti... efficacy when beta cell responsiveness is deficient. There exists a critical need for methods to increase...

  12. 76 FR 13193 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... not be readily available Potential use of the device in a field deployable sense Advantages: Improved..., the amount of heat that is generated also increases. The system of the present invention measures the induced RF signal and changes a decoupling capacitor value by using a varactor and a control circuit to...

  13. 43 CFR 6.2 - Report of invention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... assign to the Government: (a) The entire rights (foreign and domestic) in the invention; (b) The domestic... by the regulations in this subpart to assign to the Government the entire domestic right, title, and... tested); (2) The employee's official duties, as given on his job sheet or otherwise assigned, at the time...

  14. 75 FR 32185 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... ] federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to... biomedical science using either gene arrays or proteomics. Omnimorph allows the user to look for extremely.... Applications: Development and screen for pharmaceutical drugs. Biomedical research. Development Status: The...

  15. 75 FR 23272 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... report by the Global Industry Analysts, Inc., the sun care market is projected to reach $5.6 billion by... deep into the skin, causes more long-term effects such as wrinkles, skin aging and skin cancer... UVB radiation. This invention describes sets of genes useful for measuring UVA exposure in human skin...

  16. A Motive of Rhetorics: Invention and Speech Acts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Michael J.

    While rhetorical theory has long been concerned with the epistemological foundations of rhetorical abilities, the full potential of the structuralist perspective is far from realized. The study of speech acts and inventive processes discloses the underlying logic of linguistic performance. A speech act is conceptualized in terms of the…

  17. 75 FR 77884 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... disease, obesity, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, skin disease, hypertension, neurological... applications. Pyruvate Kinase M2 Activators for the Treatment of Cancer Description of Invention: NIH.... Nitisinone for Treatment of Oculocutaneous/Ocular Albinism and for Increasing Pigmentation Description of...

  18. 10 CFR 603.860 - Rights to inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... TIA an assistance transaction other than a cooperative agreement. The contracting officer must decide... the TIA an assistance transaction other than a cooperative agreement. The contracting officer normally...) Consortium members may allocate invention rights in their collaboration agreement, subject to the review of...

  19. Invention software support by integrating function and mathematical modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chechurin, L.S.; Wits, Wessel Willems; Bakker, H.M.

    2015-01-01

    New idea generation is imperative for successful product innovation and technology development. This paper presents the development of a novel type of invention support software. The support tool integrates both function modeling and mathematical modeling, thereby enabling quantitative analyses on a

  20. The memorable invention of the death of Jesus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-08

    Jul 8, 2016 ... the innocent one provides the memory locus for discovering meaning in the fate of Jesus. We find that the basic fact of the death tale of Jesus is that it was a fiction, authorising further elaborations for those who understood the craft of memory. The memorable invention of the death of Jesus. Read online:.

  1. Determining the Effect of Interactive Invention Instructional Strategy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    Abstract. Physics is the foundation of science and technology. Students‟ achievement in this subject at all levels of Education has been consistently poor. In an attempt to seek solutions to this problem, this study determined the effect of interactive invention strategy on NCE pre-service teachers‟ achievement in physics.

  2. 78 FR 5818 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... indicates that programmed necrosis plays a critical role in cell death during ischemia-reperfusion. NIH...

  3. 75 FR 50767 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-17

    ...; Availability for Licensing AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION: Notice... licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES...

  4. 76 FR 44939 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ...; Availability for Licensing AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION: Notice... licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES...

  5. 76 FR 45838 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ...; Availability for Licensing AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION: Notice... licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES...

  6. 75 FR 39545 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ...; Availability for Licensing AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION: Notice... licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES...

  7. 76 FR 10378 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... biological activity of the target proteins makes it necessary to remove them in most cases. Proteases with... Disulfide Bonds in the Cytosol of E. coli Description of Technology: Many proteins of biomedical importance...

  8. 78 FR 16690 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. [[Page 16691... development of effective radioprotectant molecules such as these is of great importance in reducing tissue... therapeutic efficacy of radiation therapies by protecting non-target tissues from incidental radiation damage...

  9. 75 FR 989 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-07

    ... therapeutic targets for development of novel cancer therapeutics. Market: In the U.S., it is estimated that... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. ADDRESSES... genome beyond topoisomerase I with camptothecins and novel anticancer drugs: importance of DNA...

  10. 78 FR 8547 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing. FOR FURTHER... integral part in regulating physiological functions and the importance of these molecules is evident by the fact that approximately half of the current FDA approved therapeutics target GPCRs or their direct...

  11. 37 CFR 1.46 - Assigned inventions and patents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assigned inventions and patents. 1.46 Section 1.46 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES National Processing Provisions Who May Apply...

  12. The Invention Studio: A University Maker Space and Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forest, Craig R.; Moore, Roxanne A.; Jariwala, Amit S.; Fasse, Barbara Burks; Linsey, Julie; Newstetter, Wendy; Ngo, Peter; Quintero, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    Creativity, invention, and innovation are values championed as central pillars of engineering education. However, university environments that foster open-ended design-build projects are uncommon. Fabrication and prototyping spaces at universities are typically "machine shops" where students relinquish actual fabrication activities to…

  13. The laser and its uses: 50 years after its invention; Le laser et ses applications: 50 ans apres son invention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besnard, P. [FOTON/ENSSAT, CNRS, 22 - Lannion (France); Favennec, P.N. [APAST, 22 - Lannion (France)

    2011-07-01

    The laser, 50 years after its invention, has become a major player in modern technologies with its efficient partner the optical fiber. This book reviews the numerous applications of laser in diverse fields such as telecommunication, metrology, optical radar, surface treatment, medicine. The last chapter is dedicated to inertial fusion through the presentation of the Megajoule laser (LMJ) project

  14. Perceptions of the Invention Disclosure Process at a Federal Laboratory after the America Invents Act of 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice-Moore, Sharla V.

    The America Invents Act of 2011 reformed the patent process in the United States. This study focused on the effect of one provision which allows the first inventor to file the application of patent to become the owner of the intellectual property. Prior to this, the Patent and Trademark Act of 1980 allowed small businesses, universities, and non-profit institutions to pursue ownership of intellectual property developed from federally funded research. The new regulations could influence government employees' disclosure of invention and new technology. There is limited research on the disclosure of technology process for government employees. This study examined 1,389 invention disclosure forms from March 2009 to March 2015 during three phases of the law: before it was signed, before the implementation of the first inventor to file provision in 2013, and after full enactment. The reported State of Development showed significant changes prior to implementation for large companies. The findings reveal disclosures were filed at an earlier stage of development, but no change was noted in the significance of the technology. A survey was also distributed using the framework of Organizational Justice theory. The results showed the disclosure reporting process was fair and unbiased. The research supports the efforts of management to keep employees informed about the disclosure process and the importance of technology transfer of government developed innovation. Key words: America Invents Act, Organizational Justice, patent process.

  15. Invented fairy tales in groups with onco-haematological children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margherita, G; Martino, M L; Recano, F; Camera, F

    2014-05-01

    The impact of an onco-haematological illness for children is a traumatic event that opens to pain, hospitalizations and interrupts the continuity of daily life. It is difficult for the child to make meaning, to share the pain or ask a question related to the illness because, often, the parents or doctors cannot find a way to communicate in a suitable way for the child who remains in a situation of 'unspoken', where, fear, anxiety and pain cannot find a space to express. The present research-intervention uses the methodology of invented fairy tales in groups with onco-haematological children, in the hospital, in order to explore the organization of the meanings at the base of the tales co-constructed by the participants underlying weaknesses and strengths of the invented fairy tales in groups intervention. The invented fairy tales in groups is used as a tool, such as a play, to express, share and support the experience of the illness of children. Forty-nine children participated to the invented fairy tales in groups in an onco-haematological hospital. Within a quali-quantitative framework we performed a thematic analysis of elementary context, cluster analysis, on the fairy tales considered as a unique narrative corpus of the thought of the group. The analysis shows four thematic clusters: fantasy as search for a meaning, 29.71%, the group as a space for illusions, 27.90%, the illness as a family problem, 25.72%, anchoring reality, 16.67%. The results highlighted three main carriers of sense: the representation of illness/the relational world/the representation of the institution. The use of invented-fairy-tales groups allowed the onco-haematological children to tell and share the experience of illness through a different way, which let them express symbolically their pain. The invented fairy tale in groups becomes a mediator of psychic processes which offer new solutions while improving interpersonal relationships/communication between the participants in group.

  16. The Invention of a Danish Well-being Tourism Region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalager, Anne Mette

    2011-01-01

    a commitment for the future. Symbolic actions are fundamental parts of the substance or visual elements that happen to have an intrinsic communicative power. Symbolic actions addressed in the project included community based marketing and policy related extensions, etc. Inventing a regional product or brand......This paper provides an outline and analysis of endeavours to invent and implement new well-being activities in the region of Southern Denmark. Based on Anholt's (2005) model, the paper analyses the success of efforts to create a well-being product that might eventually develop into a brand...... innovative and was therefore the weakest element in the region of Southern Denmark. Structures are of importance for the efficiency of networks and collaboration, and are a driving force for development in their own right. The region has succeeded in institutionalizing structural processes and ensuring...

  17. Keys to Taking Your Nanotech Inventions to the Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickert, Scott

    Although many scientists and engineers may wish to be an owner of something they invented, and then take that something to the market, there are many obstacles to do so. Many of these roadblocks are self-imposed, and many more are there because most of us are not aware of the very strict rules that exist in the world of marketing, selling, and manufacturing in the United States. This lecture will identify a small subset of these obstacles and discuss some ways to overcome them. Belief in your goals is most important, and this belief must be shared by others, or you cannot succeed. Believe it or not, no one wants to steal your ideas or inventions. They would much rather have you take it to market yourself. This really is a lecture about winning.

  18. Impact of America Invents Act on Biotech Intellectual Property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Amanda; Stramiello, Michael; Stroud, Jonathan; Lewis, Stacy; Irving, Tom

    2015-04-27

    This review introduces the America Invents Act (AIA), a comprehensive reform of U.S. law on patentability and patent enforceability that Congress enacted in 2011. The AIA's most publicized change transforms the United States from a "first-to-invent" system to a "first-inventor-to-file" regime, bringing U.S. patent law more in line with the patent systems of nearly every other industrialized country in the world. This new system requires small companies and independent inventors to toe the line against larger competitors in what many have called a "race to the patent office." But a closer look at the AIA reveals several opportunities for smaller entities that may even the playing field, particularly for innovators in the biotech sector. This article addresses changes that the AIA brings to U.S. patent law, keeping an eye toward issues relevant to biotech companies. Copyright © 2015 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; all rights reserved.

  19. Invented spelling – a window on early literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Awramiuk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A wide spectrum of research on preschool spelling development in different languages is presented. In Poland, children at kindergarten are usually at a stage of pre-literacy. Invented spelling means the writing produced by young children (aged 3–7 before they are formally taught reading and writing or are at the beginning of the learning process. Their writing is more spontaneous than learnt. The paper describes an investigation of the development of early literacy and factors influencing it, such as knowledge about orthography (spelling, early morphological awareness or teaching methods. Children’s early writing provides a window on their conceptualisation of the written language, illustrating the process of developing language awareness and spelling skills. Invented spelling, together with phonological abilities and letter knowledge is considered to be a strong predictor for later literacy skills.

  20. The Airplane as an Open-Source Invention

    OpenAIRE

    Peter B. Meyer

    2013-01-01

    Airplanes were invented after decades of experimentation in many countries through a process we can call open-source innovation. Experimenters, inventors, and writers contributed to the airplane’s development by sharing information in publications, in clubs, by writing letters and by visiting. The hundreds of aeronautical patents before 1900 were treated like publications, not like claims to intellectual property. Inventors of modern airplanes copied earlier designs, analogously to advances i...

  1. Immediate and delayed effects of invented writing intervention in preschool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofslundsengen, Hilde; Hagtvet, Bente Eriksen; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric

    This study examined the effects of a 10 week invented writing program with five-year-old preschoolers (mean age 5.7 years) on their immediate post intervention literacy skills and also the facilitative effects of the intervention on the subsequent learning to read during the first 6 months of schooling. The study included 105 children (54 girls) from 12 preschools in Norway. The preschools were randomly assigned to the experimental group with the invented writing program, or the control group with the ordinary program offered to preschoolers. The classroom-based programs (40 sessions) were conducted by the children's regular teachers. The children's emergent literacy skills were evaluated using a pre-test, a post-test and a follow-up test 6 months later, and the data were analyzed using latent autoregressive models. The results showed that the invented writing group performed significantly better than the control group on the post-test for the measures of phoneme awareness ( d  = .54), spelling ( d  = .65) and word reading ( d  = .36). Additionally, indirect effects were observed on the delayed follow-up tests on phoneme awareness ( d  = .45), spelling ( d  = .48) and word reading ( d  = .26). In conclusion, we argue that invented writing appeared to smooth the progress of emergent literacy skills in preschool, including the subsequent reading development in school. Contextualized in a semi-consistent orthography and a preschool tradition that does not encourage the learning of written language skills, the findings add to our knowledge of how children learn to write and read.

  2. ‘Divergence via Abstraction' Practices for Inventing New Puzzles

    OpenAIRE

    Sugiyama, Kozo; Maeda, Atsuhiko; Mizumoto, Akinori

    2003-01-01

    To invent new puzzles, we take a systematic approach called divergence via abstraction. Existing popular puzzles called permutation puzzles and cyclic puzzles are abstracted and converted into other media such as graphs, blocks, sounds, and robots, while preserving their logic. We implement puzzle generators on different media and variations of generated puzzles are shown. Merits and demerits of new puzzles are evaluated comparing with the original puzzles. This systematic approach can flexib...

  3. TESLA'S INVENTIONS IN PHYSICS AND HIS ENGINEERING SPIRIT

    OpenAIRE

    Petković, T.

    2006-01-01

    The article describes Tesla’s inventions in physics. Tesla’s engineering spirit is compared to M. Faraday’s and A. A. Michelson’s spirit of discovery in electromagnetism. Tesla’s unfinished investigative journey, from great experiments in electrical technology and radio technology to the physical theories he derived from them, are examined historically and scientifically. Several discoveries and individual experiments are described that were significant in the subsequent development of accele...

  4. Morphological Awareness and Children's Writing: Accuracy, Error, and Invention

    OpenAIRE

    McCutchen, Deborah; Stull, Sara

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between children's morphological awareness and their ability to produce accurate morphological derivations in writing. Fifth-grade U.S. students (n = 175) completed two writing tasks that invited or required morphological manipulation of words. We examined both accuracy and error, specifically errors in spelling and errors of the sort we termed morphological inventions, which entailed inappropriate, novel pairings of stems and suffixes. Regressions were us...

  5. Book Review: Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel & Political Theory by Liza Herzog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boscan, Luis

    2013-01-01

    Review of: Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel & Political Theory. Liza Herzog. Oxford University Press. April 2013.......Review of: Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel & Political Theory. Liza Herzog. Oxford University Press. April 2013....

  6. Book Review: Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel & Political Theory by Liza Herzog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boscan, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Review of: Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel & Political Theory. Liza Herzog. Oxford University Press. April 2013.......Review of: Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel & Political Theory. Liza Herzog. Oxford University Press. April 2013....

  7. Examining the social and scientific roles of invention in science education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calabrese-Barton, Angela

    1998-03-01

    I have been drawn to the construct of “invention” and “inventive acts” because in my research involving how homeless children construct science and the self-in-science, an overwhelming theme has been the multiple ways in which self-identity in science has been described by the children through a language of invention. Using post-modern feminism and science and technologies studies, I examine the multiple uses and definitions of “invention” in science in order to develop a theory of invention and inventive acts around the themes: invention as a social act, invention as a recursive and socially linked process, and embodied agency. I use this framework to examine the construct of “invention” in two different case studies involving the science education of urban homeless children. Finally, I link this discussion of invention and inventive acts with current international reform initiatives revolving around constructivist science teaching and learning.

  8. Commercialising university inventions for sustainability : A case study of (non-)intermediating 'cleantech' at Aalto University

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kivimaa, Paula; Boon, Wouter; Antikainen, Riina

    2017-01-01

    The challenge to transform towards more sustainable societies requires action on multiple levels, including commercialisation of inventions created in universities. We examine intermediation in the pre-commercialisation phase of cleantech inventions developed at Aalto University, Finland, focusing

  9. Making Patent Scopes Exceed the Technological Scopes of Scientific Inventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beukel, Karin

    This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested. The fin......This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested....... The findings recast the relationship between science and patents as a process in which the way the transformation of the scientific invention is handled has an effect on the breadth of the patent scope. Unleashing patent scope surplus is dependent on processes related to abstraction and cognitive variety......, which can be mobilized by patent experts with both an in-depth understanding of the scientific discovery, due to their educational background in the life sciences, and capabilities within the legal framework for patenting. More specifically, the findings reveal previously unreported aspects...

  10. [Cystoscopy (1879-1979) (centennial of a transcendental invention)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picatoste y Patiño, J; Martín García, B; Hernández Rodríguez, R; Portillo Martín, J A

    1980-01-01

    The authors make a historical review of the successive stages in Man's attempt to be able to observe directly the inside of the cavities of the human body and more precisely of the bladder, which from the start long ago, led to the apparatuses invented during the first half of the 19th Century (Bozzini, Ségalas, Bonbalgini, Fisher, Avery, Desormeaux, Hacken, Cruise, Grünfeld, Luys, etc.) until the 9th March 1879 when Maximilian Nitze presented in the Vienna Medical Society and published in the journal Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift his brilliant invention of the apparatus which completely changed the knowledge of vesical pathology: the cystoscope. Reference is made to the successive alternations that the primitive cystoscope invented by Nitze has undergone before arriving at the present-day cystoscopes of such great precision and usefulness in hospitals. Reference is also made to another series of creations designed by Nitze, such as a cystoscope for ureteral catheterism (which, however, was of no practical use and it was not until Albarrán's creation that the catheterism of the ureters could be achieved), an operating cystoscope, a ureteral probe with a dilating ball to enable stones to be expelled from the ureter, a "camera" for endoscopic photography, etc.

  11. The invention that opened the solar system to exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minovitch, Michael A.

    2010-05-01

    The invention of gravity-propelled interplanetary space travel (also known as "gravity-assist trajectories") in the early 1960s broke the high-energy barrier of classical space travel based on reaction propulsion, and made possible the exploration of the entire solar system with instrumented spacecraft. In this concept, a free-fall spacecraft is launched from a launch planet P 1 to a nearby planet P 2 such that its gravitational field (superimposed on the gravitational field of the Sun) catapults the vehicle to another planet P 3, which in turn is used to repeat the process. Thus, through a series of planetary encounters, a gravity-propelled trajectory P 1-P 2-P 3-P 4-…-P N is generated. This paper describes how the invention was conceived and how the difficult mathematical problem of computing the trajectories was solved in order to numerically investigate and use the invention in actual missions. The crucial roles played by the UCLA Computing Facility and the Departments of Mathematics and Physics are also described.

  12. Para que servem os inventários de fauna?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Fábio Silveira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Inventários de fauna acessam diretamente a diversidade de uma localidade, em um determinado espaço e tempo. Os dados primários gerados pelos inventários compõem uma das ferramentas mais importantes na tomada de decisões a respeito do manejo de áreas naturais. Entretanto, vários problemas têm sido observados em diversos níveis relacionados aos inventários de fauna no Brasil e vão desde a formação de recursos humanos até a ausência de padronização, de desenho experimental e de seleção de métodos inadequados. São apresentados estudos de caso com mamíferos, répteis, anfíbios e peixes, nos quais são discutidos problemas como variabilidade temporal e métodos para detecção de fauna terrestre, sugerindo que tanto os inventários quanto os programas de monitoramento devam se estender por prazos maiores e que os inventários devem incluir diferentes metodologias para que os seus objetivos sejam plenamente alcançados.Inventories of fauna directly access the diversity of a locality in a certain period of time. The primary data generated by these inventories comprise one of the most important steps in decisions making regarding the management of natural areas. However, several problems have been observed at different levels related to inventories of fauna in Brazil, and range from the training of humans to the lack of standardization of experimental design and selection of inappropriate methods. We present case studies of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and fishes, where they discussed issues such temporal variability and methods for detection of terrestrial fauna, suggesting that both inventories and monitoring programs should be extended for longer terms and that inventories should include different methodologies to ensure that their goals are fully achieved.

  13. Nanotechnological Inventions and Nanomaterials Produce A Profound Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The inventions in the area of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials produce a profound effect in construction, housing and communal services and adjacent economic fields as they allow us: to increase mechanical strength, coefficient of elasticity, alkali resistance and temperature of products vitrification; to obtain nanostructured coatings with the property of shape memory on the steel; to raise the dynamics of coal burning and its full burnout in the boilers of thermoelectric power station; to produce metal nanopowders with increased stored energy 10–15% etc. For example, the invention «Epoxy composition for high strength, alkali resistant structures» refers to epoxy composition used as a binder for production of high strength, thermal- and alkali-resistant glass-fiber material which can be applied in the manufacture process of construction reinforcement to strengthen concrete structures. The invention «The method to produce nanostructured reaction foil» can be used to join different materials including metal alloys, ceramics, amorphous materials and elements of microelectronic devices that are sensible to the heating. This process provides decreased labour-output ratio and energy consumption as well as the condition to manufacture foil with specified stored energy and high mechanical properties. The invention «The method of intensification of burning lowreactionary coal in the boilers of thermoelectric power station» refers to the thermal energy and can be implemented at the thermal plants. The increased dynamics of inflaming and burning leads to full burnout of powdered-coal low-reactionary fuel and decreased mechanical underfiring. The specialists may be also interested in the following inventions: fine dispersed organic suspension of carbon metal-containing nanostructures and the method to produce it; the dispersion of carbon nanotubes; the composition for reinforcement of building structures; the reinforced plate element made of

  14. 48 CFR 3027.305-4 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conveyance of invention... PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights under Government Contracts 3027.305-4 Conveyance of invention... which include a patent rights clause include a means for the contractor to report inventions made in the...

  15. 48 CFR 1852.227-85 - Invention reporting and rights-Foreign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Invention reporting and... reasonable time files a patent application in that State for each such invention. Where Contractor does not elect to file such patent application for any such invention in that State, full right, title and...

  16. 37 CFR 1.141 - Different inventions in one national application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Different inventions in one... Provisions Joinder of Inventions in One Application; Restriction § 1.141 Different inventions in one national... specifically claimed in different claims in one national application, provided the application also includes an...

  17. 77 FR 7095 - Transitional Program for Covered Business Method Patents-Definition of Technological Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... upon either the patent failing to meet the proposed definition for technological invention or because... Patents-- Definition of Technological Invention AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office... invention in a transitional post-grant review proceeding for covered business method patents. The provision...

  18. Invented Spelling, Word Stress, and Phonological Awareness in Relation to Reading Difficulties in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Sheena

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the current research is to assess the clinical utility of an invented spelling tool and determine whether invented spelling and word stress (supra-segmental level measures) can also be used to better identify reading difficulties. The proposed invented spelling tool incorporated linguistic manipulations to alter the difficulty…

  19. 38 CFR 1.663 - Licensing of Government-owned inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Licensing of Government-owned inventions. 1.663 Section 1.663 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Inventions by Employees of Department of Veterans Affairs § 1.663 Licensing of Government-owned inventions. (a) The...

  20. 10 CFR 81.13 - Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication of NRC inventions available for licensing. 81... inventions available for licensing. (a) The Commission will have published periodically a list of the NRC inventions available for licensing under this subpart in the Federal Register, the U.S. Patent Office...

  1. Using Invention Tasks to Promote Sense-making an Proportional Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudreaux, Andrew; Kanim, Stephen; Brahmia, Suzanne; Richards, Aj; Smith, Josh

    2012-02-01

    Dan Schwartz and colleagues have developed invention instruction as a means to prepare students for future learning. Invention tasks present students with open-ended situations in which they must invent a procedure or quantity in order to make meaningful comparisons. Through creative thinking and struggle, students become primed to make sense of the accepted scientific solution. A collaboration between Rutgers, WWU, and NMSU has developed sequences of invention tasks designed to promote proportional reasoning, a set of skills emphasized in math and science education in primary through undergraduate levels. This workshop will engage participants in invention work and discuss classroom applications.

  2. Inventive Activity of Researchers: Cross-Country Rating Assessments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana Ivanovna Volkova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the study of the research capacity of the country and regions has become more active not only from the point of view of their leading components (personnel, financial, information, organizational, material-and-technical ones but also from the perspective of the assessment of productivity and effectiveness of researchers’ work. In the cross-country analysis, the certain highly aggregative parameters, which values, as a rule, are not in favour of Russia, are used. At the same time, at profound studying of this topic, these estimates cannot represent correctly the real trends of inventive activity in the scientific and technological sphere of the country and its regions. Moreover, the measurement of the researchers’ creative potential realization is carried out mainly through the assessment systems of their printing activity. Little attention is paid to the problem of the rating assessments of the researchers’ inventive and patent activity and its products from a cross-country perspective (especially to the detailed ones as well as to its institutional determinants. Therefore, the authors have chosen this subject-matter of the research. Its empirical basis is the statistical materials of both the national database and those which are recognized by the world scientific community. This research has both theoretical and methodological orientations. The purpose is the development of methodological and methodical tools of the research and assessment of researchers’ inventive activity including methodological support of cross-country comparative assessments. The authors have based the hypothesis on their previous research: in the conditions of the decreasing level of financial security, continuous reduction of a number of researchers, institutional restrictions and contradictions, the inventive activity of national researchers is still exist, and in a number of its leading parameters is implemented at the level of the advanced

  3. Nanotechnologies and nanomaterials: review of inventions. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IVANOV Leonid Alexeevich

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The new technical solutions including inventions in the area of nanotechnology and nanomaterials are efficiently applied in communal and housing services as well as in construction and other joint fields. The invention «Protection system of urban housing and the method to build it (RU 2604933» refers to construction including environmental structures and can be used to protect cities, objects of national economy from destruction, floods and other types of natural and antropogenic disasters. Reinforcement of basements of city buildings is performed with barrels with fillers and flexible dampener-ties that receive natural and antropogenic impacts thus providing safety, including ecological one, for urban housing. The system is equipped with solar accumulators that supply energy to people in case of emergencies and additional monitoring system to inform people about emergencies. Storm discharge facilities protect cities and towns from floods. All that provides safety of inhabitants’ lives and functioning of enterprises when natural and antropogenic disasters such as floods, mud-and-stone flows and other types occur. The specialists may be also interested in the following nanotechnological inventions: the method to produce hardening mortar (RU 2601885, increase of durability of basalt fiber concrete by nanostructural additives, the method to treat surface and underground waters from titanium and its compounds by means of carbon nanotubes and ultrasound (RU 2575029, material on polymer basis for combined radio- and radiation protection (RU 2605696, thermoelectric heat pump with nanofilm semiconductor sides (RU 2595911, polymer composite nanomaterial (RU 2605590, the method to produce compositions from polymer and nanosize fillers (RU 2586979, the method to produce complex nanodispersed additive for highstrength concrete (RU 2563264 et al.

  4. Marking time the epic quest to invent the perfect calendar

    CERN Document Server

    Steel, Duncan

    2001-01-01

    ""If you lie awake worrying about the overnight transition from December 31, 1 b.c., to January 1, a.d. 1 (there is no year zero), then you will enjoy Duncan Steel's Marking Time.""--American Scientist ""No book could serve as a better guide to the cumulative invention that defines the imaginary threshold to the new millennium.""--Booklist A Fascinating March through History and the Evolution of the Modern-Day Calendar . . . In this vivid, fast-moving narrative, you'll discover the surprising story of how our modern calendar came about and how it has changed dramatically through the years.

  5. Custos de inventários florestais regionais

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, Regina Maria

    2013-01-01

    Este trabalho tem a finalidade de analisar os Custos dos Inventarios Florestais Regionais. Inicialmente ê desenvolvida uma formulação teórica, onde os Custos são estruturados de acordo com a sua formação elementar: mão-de-obra, material e serviço de terceiros, levando- se também em consideração algumas peculiaridades dos projetos de Inventários Florestais. Desta forma, são propostos os seguintes tipos de Custo: Pessoal, Transporte, Material de Consumo, Serviço de Terceiros e Depreciação. ...

  6. The invention and early history of the CCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, George E.

    2011-05-01

    As the first practical solid state imaging device, the invention of the charge coupled device has profoundly affected image sensing technology. They are used in a wide range of applications both as area and linear imaging devices starting with the replacement of imaging tubes used in commercial TV cameras and cam-corders. The rapid rise of their use in digital cameras has initiated the demise of film photography and created vast new markets with great economic benefit for many. Other uses include a wide variety of scientific, surveillance, and scanning applications. The inception of the device at Bell Labs by W. S. Boyle and G. E. Smith, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 49, 587 (1970);G. F. Amelio, M. F. Tompsett, and G. E. Smith, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 49, 593 (1970); W. S. Boyle and G. E. Smith, U.S. patent 3,792,322 (12 February 1974) was strongly influenced by several unique factors existing both within Bell Labs and the current world state of technology. These factors and their relevance will be discussed along with the train of thought leading to the invention. Early experimental devices and their initial applications were vigorously pursued and will be described. Mention of current applications will be given.

  7. The invention and early history of the CCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, George E.

    2009-01-01

    As the first practical solid-state imaging device, the invention of the Charge Coupled Device has profoundly affected image sensing technology. They are used in a wide range of applications as both area and linear imaging devices starting with the replacement of imaging tubes used in commercial TV cameras and camcorders. The rapid increase of their use in digital cameras has initiated the demise of film photography and created vast new markets with great economic benefit for many. Other uses include a wide variety of scientific, surveillance and scanning applications. The inception of the device at Bell Labs by Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith in 1969 was strongly influenced by several unique factors existing both within Bell Labs and the current world state of technology. These factors and their relevance will be discussed along with the train of thought leading to the invention. Early experimental devices and their initial applications were vigorously pursued and will be described. Current applications will be mentioned.

  8. Review Essay: Constructivism is the Invention of a Critic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Ottermann

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The world, as we perceive it, is our own invention, so we always invent and never discover realities. This main thesis is grounded on neurophysiological research. But how radical then is FOERSTER's constructivism "really"? Is it not also an empirical as well as a social constructivism plus some realism in it, too? And what shall we do with such academic questions if "the way in which a question is asked determines the way in which an answer may be found"? The physicist and philosopher Heinz von FOERSTER and the journalist and communication scientist Bernhard PÖRKSEN talk about the sensual perception of human beings and the borders of our capacity for knowledge, communication and understanding. They debate about truth, objectivity and responsibility and discuss the connections between knowledge, ethics and practice. I have been enriched of some of the aphorisms, anecdotes and aporias, still, I am not able to answer the questions asked above conclusively. The book is interesting for people who love sophistic conversations, but it is not very helpful for qualitative social research. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs050330

  9. The Las Vegas Strip as a Genuinely Invented Global Landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Ortega

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Las Vegas, Nevada, is typically recognised as a place via a single urban gesture, that gesture being Las Vegas Boulevard, which is more commonly referred to as "The Strip". In constructing a thesis around the theme, "Here or There? Interconnections between the Global and the Local", one cannot ignore the invitation to discuss globalisation and its effects on a particular local fabric. For the purpose of this text, globalisation can be thought of as what Carmona et al describe as an intricate series of events leading to the world "becoming increasingly interconnected, with centralised decision making exploiting economies of scale and standardisation" (2003: 101. The centralised decision-making process for The Strip is evident in the strategy to develop individually themed casino resorts along Las Vegas Boulevard that respond to a competitive economy, thus creating a newly standardised landscape. If we also understand that globalisation can be thought of as the development of an interconnected world where economic, political and cultural boundaries can be easily crossed, this work can begin to define how the Las Vegas Strip is a genuinely invented global landscape. This paper addresses the "here-ness" as well as the "there-ness" of The Strip, while offering a dialectical framework for establishing a meaning of place by having 'there' placed 'here'. By employing semiological interpretations of real landscapes from around the globe (for example, Venturi et al, 1972, The Strip becomes a newly invented landscape of "simulations" (Baudrillard, 1988. As such, The Strip acts as a narrative that forms a unique place, opening the door to questions of authenticity and identity. This paper concludes by focusing on the question of "Here or There?" as an appropriate deviation from the assumed role that the post-modern landscape of the Las Vegas Strip plays. This work is intended to be a point of departure from the frequent criticism of the Las Vegas Strip as

  10. The nanotechnological inventions raise competitive ability of the products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A brief description of the nanotechnological inventions is given. The inventions in the area of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials produce a profound effect in construction, housing and communal services and adjacent economic fields as they allow us: to obtain high strength and durability of surfaces of the details, to provide different materials with hydrophil properties, to increase efficiency of transformation of light energy into electrical one etc., and in general – to raise competitive ability of the products. For example, the method of production of solar element and a unit of solar elements (RU 2532137 comprises following stages: formation of pn-transfer in semiconductor base plate, formation of passivating layer on the light-receptive surface and/or non light-receptive surface of semiconductor base plate and formation of power robbing electrodes on the light-receptive surface and non light-receptive. A film of aluminium oxide is formed as passivating layer, its thickness is up to 40 nm, and lectrode is formed by baking conductive paste under the temperature 500–900ͦͦ°C for 1 second – 30 inutes with formation of sintered product. The sintered product penetrates through passivating layer setting electric contact between electrode and base plate. The formation of aluminium ide with specified thickness on the surface of base plate makes it possible to achieve good passivating characteristics and good electric contact between silica and electrode only by eans of baking conductive paste, that is standard technology. Moreover the baking stage which was necessary to get the effect of film passivation for aluminium oxide in the past now can be cancelled to decrease costs. The specialists may be also interested in the following nanotechnological inventions: reinforced flaked element made of natural or conglomerate stone and its multilayer protective coating (RU 2520193; fine organic suspension of carbon metal-containing nanostructures

  11. Private Finance 2 (PF2): Re-inventing the Wheel?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zawawi, N A W A; Khamidi, M F; Othman, I; Umar, A A; Abdul-Aziz, A R; Idrus, A

    2013-01-01

    The Procurement policy of any government is the most influential factor in determining the efficiency of infrastructure and service provision like roads, water supply and energy. The UK's HM Treasury released its new guidelines on private involvement in infrastructures provision and services towards reforming the popular Private Finance Initiatives (PFI) policy. This new approach, it now refers to as the Private Finance 2 (PF2) is meant to correct the imperfections which have bedeviled the older version-PFI. However, the 'new guidelines' contained nothing really new in the area of private financing and operation of public infrastructures, at best it is akin to 're-inventing the wheel' rather than being 'new'. While dwelling extensively on issues relating to cheaper financing sources, risks transfer, counterpart funding by government and improving public sector procurement skills, this paper argues that some countries in the developing world have long recognised these issues and taken practical steps to correct them.

  12. Private Finance 2 (PF2): Re-inventing the Wheel?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawawi, N. A. W. A.; Abdul-Aziz, A. R.; Khamidi, M. F.; Othman, I.; Idrus, A.; Umar, A. A.

    2013-06-01

    The Procurement policy of any government is the most influential factor in determining the efficiency of infrastructure and service provision like roads, water supply and energy. The UK's HM Treasury released its new guidelines on private involvement in infrastructures provision and services towards reforming the popular Private Finance Initiatives (PFI) policy. This new approach, it now refers to as the Private Finance 2 (PF2) is meant to correct the imperfections which have bedeviled the older version-PFI. However, the 'new guidelines' contained nothing really new in the area of private financing and operation of public infrastructures, at best it is akin to 're-inventing the wheel' rather than being 'new'. While dwelling extensively on issues relating to cheaper financing sources, risks transfer, counterpart funding by government and improving public sector procurement skills, this paper argues that some countries in the developing world have long recognised these issues and taken practical steps to correct them.

  13. Art, Science and the Invention of Things That Last

    KAUST Repository

    Edwards, David

    2018-01-14

    Aesthetic creation involves a close collaboration between discovery, invention and cultural exhibition, as well as between learning and producing value. It is typified by the patterns of creative behavior in highly innovative communities like Silicon Valley (for IT) or Boston (for biotech) where cultures of learning, experimentation, and production or commercialization coexist, and where a high degree of interdisciplinary collaboration occurs. In this lecture, David Edwards will highlight the growing movement of aesthetic creation in the arts, sciences and engineering as a path for sustaining and improving the human condition in the longest term. He will highlight aesthetic creation in the light of the culture lab model of Le Laboratoire (Paris, Cambridge) and the new World Frontiers Forum with examples of learning, pubic experimentation and value creation particularly related to the future of sensory experience.

  14. Thomas Römer, L’invention de Dieu

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Est-ce en remontant à la source que l’on trouve l’eau la plus claire ? Sans doute pas. Dans cette mise au net de l’invention de Dieu, la source serait, à l’évidence et par nécessité, la Bible. Écrite à mille mains plus une, et en plus d’un temps d’histoire, elle propose, de l’avènement du Dieu du peuple juif, un récit composite et plusieurs fois réécrit, où postures théologiques, référents historiques, échappées mythiques, fiction et diction s’entremêlent. Il convient alors d’en briser radica...

  15. First-to-invent versus first-to-file: impact of the AIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachinsky, Tara; Sullivan, Clark; Ghosh, Shubha; Resnick, David S; Burton, Carlyn; Armstrong, MaryAnne; Hanish, John P; Sklan, Alexandra

    2014-07-01

    On March 16, 2013, the USPTO switched from a 'first-to-invent' to a 'first-to-file' patent system. Under the 2011 America Invents Act, patents will be awarded to the first inventor to file a patent application as opposed to the date of invention. Now, over a year since the main provisions of the America Invents Act (AIA) came into effect, Pharmaceutical Patent Analyst has invited a selection of IP specialists and researchers from the US to discuss the implications of this new law and how it will affect future pharmaceutical and medical R&D. Interview conducted by Alexandra Sklan, Commissioning Editor.

  16. 34 CFR 7.1 - Duty of employee to report inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duty of employee to report inventions. 7.1 Section 7.1 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education EMPLOYEE INVENTIONS § 7.1 Duty of employee to... of time or services of other Government employees on official duty. ...

  17. 76 FR 66728 - Government-Owned Inventions; Licensing and Collaborative Research Opportunity for PANVAC-Cancer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Government-Owned Inventions...: Notice. SUMMARY: The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are...-200-1990/1-US-02]; 8. Australian Patent No. 674492 issued April 22, 1997 [HHS Ref. No. E- 200-1990/2...

  18. 48 CFR 1852.227-71 - Requests for waiver of rights to inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Requests for waiver of rights to inventions. 1852.227-71 Section 1852.227-71 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL... Technology: Requests for Waiver of Rights to Inventions (APR 1984) (a) In accordance with the NASA Patent...

  19. 75 FR 65614 - Availability for Non-Exclusive or Partially-Exclusive Licensing of Invention Concerning...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    .... Patent Application Serial No. 12/670,250, entitled ``Obstetrics Simulation and Training Method and System... INFORMATION: The invention relates generally to an obstetrics simulation system. An embodiment of the invention provides an obstetrics simulation system compromising an articulating maternal birthing simulator...

  20. 76 FR 17840 - Notice of Intent To License Government-Owned Inventions; Intent To License Exclusively

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Palm Beach, Florida 33401-6976. The inventions to be licensed are U.S. Patent No. 6,051,189 issued... entitled ``Method and system for detecting and recording submicron sized particles,'' and U.S. Patent No. 7... Department of the Army Notice of Intent To License Government-Owned Inventions; Intent To License Exclusively...

  1. The Invention and Early History of the N-Localizer for Stereotactic Neurosurgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, James A

    2016-01-01

    Nearly four decades after the invention of the N-localizer, its origin and history remain misunderstood. Some are unaware that a third-year medical student invented this technology. The following conspectus accurately chronicles the origin of the N-localizer, presents recently discovered evidence that documents its history, and corrects misconceptions related to its origin and early history. PMID:27462476

  2. The two faces of inventions : The relationship between recombination and impact in pharmaceutical biotechnology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keijl, S.; Gilsing, V. A.; Knoben, J.; Duijsters, G.M.

    ‘Recombination’ and ‘impact’ have become well established constructs to understand the origins of inventions and their importance for the development of future inventions. Despite forming these two familiar ‘faces of inventions’, their specific relationship has only marginally been subject to

  3. 37 CFR 1.145 - Subsequent presentation of claims for different invention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Subsequent presentation of claims for different invention. 1.145 Section 1.145 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... of claims for different invention. If, after an Office action on an application, the applicant...

  4. Reflexivity and the Sociology of Science and Technology: The Invention of "Eryc" the Antibiotic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collyer, Fran

    2011-01-01

    Until recently, the social-technical process of invention has fallen between sociological investigation of the genesis of a new idea (an ideational phenomenon) and the production of a new technology (a material phenomenon). The advent of post-modernism and post-structuralism offered new avenues for theorising invention, accounting for, on the one…

  5. 77 FR 7655 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Inventing the Modern...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... Determinations: ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' SUMMARY: Notice... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Inventing the Modern World: Decorative Arts at the World's Fairs, 1851-1939'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United States, are of...

  6. Pinyin Invented Spelling in Mandarin Chinese-Speaking Children with and without Reading Difficulties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yi; Liu, Ru-De; McBride, Catherine; Zhang, Dake

    2015-01-01

    This study examined analytical pinyin (a phonological coding system for teaching pronunciation and lexical tones of Chinese characters) skills in 54 Mandarin-speaking fourth graders by using an invented spelling instrument that tapped into syllable awareness, phoneme awareness, lexical tones, and tone sandhi in Chinese. Pinyin invented spelling…

  7. 48 CFR 252.227-7039 - Patents-reporting of subject inventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Patents-reporting of... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.227-7039 Patents—reporting of subject inventions. As prescribed in 227.303(1), use the following clause: Patents—Reporting of Subject Inventions (APR 1990) The...

  8. Modelling Chemical Reasoning to Predict and Invent Reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segler, Marwin H S; Waller, Mark P

    2017-05-02

    The ability to reason beyond established knowledge allows organic chemists to solve synthetic problems and invent novel transformations. Herein, we propose a model that mimics chemical reasoning, and formalises reaction prediction as finding missing links in a knowledge graph. We have constructed a knowledge graph containing 14.4 million molecules and 8.2 million binary reactions, which represents the bulk of all chemical reactions ever published in the scientific literature. Our model outperforms a rule-based expert system in the reaction prediction task for 180 000 randomly selected binary reactions. The data-driven model generalises even beyond known reaction types, and is thus capable of effectively (re-)discovering novel transformations (even including transition metal-catalysed reactions). Our model enables computers to infer hypotheses about reactivity and reactions by only considering the intrinsic local structure of the graph and because each single reaction prediction is typically achieved in a sub-second time frame, the model can be used as a high-throughput generator of reaction hypotheses for reaction discovery. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  9. Creativity in Interactive TV: Personalize, Share, and Invent Interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatavu, Radu-Daniel

    This chapter tries to induce changes in the way we think about interfaces and currently interact with television today. Either in the comfort of our home, in public shared spaces, or on the go via personal mobile devices, interaction should be intuitive, simple, and undemanding. This chapter is a quest for creativity and invention, it is about bringing new ideas into current interaction paradigms as well as shifting the way we see TV interfaces today. Technology has been available for quite a while now providing mechanisms that allow us to play, record, store, archive, and stream TV-related information, but the way we interface such complex systems and mechanisms is still bound to dozens of buttons on one or more remote controls. When groups of people need to interact simultaneously with today's TV set, the interface barrier immediately appears with all its inherent frustrations: lack of control at the desired time and no immediate availability of the interface; single-viewer and single-task interfacing; and limited or burdensome options for viewing, archiving, and sharing. The ultimate goal of this chapter is to encourage creativity in TV interface design with focus on today's available and affordable technologies such as video cameras and computer vision, computer graphics, and projection equipment all under the same principle: keep the interaction as simple and intuitive as possible and add just a bit of fun to it to make it really captivating.

  10. Invention Versus Direct Instruction: For Some Content, It's a Tie

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Catherine C.; Klahr, David

    2017-12-01

    An important, but as yet unresolved pedagogical question is whether discovery-oriented or direct instruction methods lead to greater learning and transfer. We address this issue in a study with 101 fourth and fifth grade students that contrasts two distinct instructional methods. One is a blend of discovery and direct instruction called Invent-then-Tell (IT), and the other is a version of direct instruction called Tell-then-Practice (TP). The relative effectiveness of these methods is compared in the context of learning a critical inquiry skill—the control-of-variables strategy. Previous research has demonstrated the success of IT over TP for teaching deep domain structures, while other research has demonstrated the superiority of direct instruction for teaching simple experimental design, a domain-general inquiry skill. In the present study, students in both conditions made equally large gains on an immediate assessment of their application and conceptual understanding of experimental design, and they also performed similarly on a test of far transfer. These results were fairly consistent across school populations with various levels of prior achievement and socioeconomic status. Findings suggest that broad claims about the relative effectiveness of these two distinct methods should be conditionalized by particular instructional contexts, such as the type of knowledge being taught.

  11. No wonder you wonder! great inventions and scientific mysteries

    CERN Document Server

    Phipps, Claude

    2016-01-01

    This book explores and explains scientific mysteries and principles, leavened with tongue-in-cheek humor and an abundance of illustrations. Chapters are short, but give an understanding of technology and science not available elsewhere. Questions include: • What holds a satellite up while it goes around the Earth? • Why is the sky (made out of clear air!) blue instead of green, or just black as night like the sky that high altitude jumper Felix Baumgartner saw? • How is laser light different from “normal” light? • Did Columbus really discover that the Earth is round? • Which one invention will assuredly survive our civilization? • Why can’t you travel back in time?  If you often feel embarrassed because you don’t have a clue about lasers, the difference between volts, amps and watts, or how jet planes really work – but you would like to understand the physical principles of our modern world, whether you’re a teen or a parent – this book is for you! To understand the basics of quantu...

  12. A review of Catherine Milne's book, The Invention of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmer, Penny J.

    2011-12-01

    Catherine Milne's book, The Invention of Science, recounts the history of science (mainly Eurocentric) from cross-cultural, historical and philosophical worldviews. Scientists, science educators, and teachers would find this an interesting book, not only for themselves but also for those with whom they interact. Most accounts are of the great men in science with some to women in science, including reference to the exclusion of women from science. Milne provides thought-provoking activities to use in the classroom, like asking students to write the processes that occur when sugar dissolves in hot tea, with students including the three components of causal explanation. She also encourages teachers to use narratives to help students learn the context of discovery in science. In a comparison of analogical, deductive, inductive and abductive reasoning, she encourages teachers to pay attention to dialogical arguments. Book review author predicts that Milne's book will fit well with the nation's next generation science standards, still in development form. Milne succeeded in her goal "to combine aspects of the philosophy and history; not just to focus on specific scientific ideas but to provide a hint of the complex relationship between place and history, space and time, in the development of Eurocentric science."

  13. Invention of science a new history of the scientific revolution

    CERN Document Server

    Wootton, David

    2015-01-01

    We live in a world made by science. How and when did this happen? This book tells the story of the extraordinary intellectual and cultural revolution that gave birth to modern science, and mounts a major challenge to the prevailing orthodoxy of its history. Before 1492 it was assumed that all significant knowledge was already available; there was no concept of progress; people looked for understanding to the past not the future. This book argues that everything changed with the discovery of America, which demonstrated that new knowledge was possible: indeed it introduced the very concept of "discovery", and opened the way to the invention of science. The first crucial discovery was Tycho Brahe's nova of 1572: proof that there could be change in the heavens. The telescope (1610) rendered the old astronomy obsolete. Torricelli's experiment with the vacuum (1643) led directly to the triumph of the experimental method in the Royal Society of Boyle and Newton. By 1750 Newtonianism was being celebrated throughout E...

  14. Marking Time: The Epic Quest to Invent the Perfect Calendar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steel, Duncan

    2000-12-01

    "If you lie awake worrying about the overnight transition from December 31, 1 b.c., to January 1, a.d. 1 (there is no year zero), then you will enjoy Duncan Steel's Marking Time."--American Scientist "No book could serve as a better guide to the cumulative invention that defines the imaginary threshold to the new millennium."--Booklist A Fascinating March through History and the Evolution of the Modern-Day Calendar . . . In this vivid, fast-moving narrative, you'll discover the surprising story of how our modern calendar came about and how it has changed dramatically through the years. Acclaimed author Duncan Steel explores each major step in creating the current calendar along with the many different systems for defining the number of days in a week, the length of a month, and the number of days in a year. From the definition of the lunar month by Meton of Athens in 432 b.c. to the roles played by Julius Caesar, William the Conqueror, and Isaac Newton to present-day proposals to reform our calendar, this entertaining read also presents "timely" tidbits that will take you across the full span of recorded history. Find out how and why comets have been used as clocks, why there is no year zero between 1 b.c. and a.d. 1, and why for centuries Britain and its colonies rang in the New Year on March 25th. Marking Time will leave you with a sense of awe at the haphazard nature of our calendar's development. Once you've read this eye-opening book, you'll never look at the calendar the same way again.

  15. Recent Inventions and Trends in Algal Biofuels Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karemore, Ankush; Nayak, Manoranjan; Sen, Ramkrishna

    2016-01-01

    In recent times, when energy crisis compounded by global warming and climate change is receiving worldwide attention, the emergence of algae, as a better feedstock for third-generation biofuels than energy crops or plants, holds great promise. As compared to conventional biofuels feedstocks, algae offer several advantages and can alone produce a significant amount of biofuels sustainably in a shorter period to fulfill the rising demand for energy. Towards commercialisation, there have been numerous efforts put for- ward for the development of algae-derived biofuel. This article reviews and summarizes the recent inventions and the current trends that are reported and captured in relevant patents pertaining to the novel methods of algae biomass cultivation and processing for biofuels and value-added products. In addition, the recent advancement in techniques and technologies for microalgal biofuel production has been highlighted. Various steps involved in the production of algal biofuels have been considered in this article. Moreover, the work that advances to improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the processes for the manufacture of biofuels has been presented. Our survey was conducted in the patent databases: WIPO, Spacenet and USPTO. There are still some technological bottlenecks that could be overcome by designing advanced photobioreactor and raceway ponds, developing new and low cost technologies for biomass cultivation, harvesting, drying and extraction. Recent advancement in algae biofuels methods is directed toward developing efficient and integrated systems to produce biofuels by overcoming the current challenges. However, further research effort is required to scale-up and improve the efficiency of these methods in the upstream and downstream technologies to make the cost of biofuels competitive with petroleum fuels.

  16. Innovation and invention in Finland. Strategies for networking. An international evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zegveld, W.; McCarthy, S.; Lemola, T.

    1998-12-31

    The objective of the evaluation was to come up with recommendations on how the Finnish systems for promoting independent inventions and their commercialisation could be most appropriately developed. In practice, the evaluation was expected to address at least the following aspects of the promotion: The role of the public sector; The role of the private sector (inventors, financiers, companies); The evaluation of the Finnish Foundation for Inventions (FFI); The strengths and weaknesses of the present system for promoting inventions and their commercialisation. In effect, the evaluation proved to be the evaluation of a subsystem integrated within the overall Finnish National System of Innovation with its many players from the public and private sectors. An effort was made to evaluate the relationship between the different actors in this system and closer cooperation is recommended in many areas. Interviews were held with 130 individuals from 70 organisations. The evaluators address the following nine issues: (1) Improving the balance between r and d and the promotion of inventiveness/innovation; (2) Increased coherence between the different organisations; (3) The responsibility of inventors and research organisations in inventive activities and the role of support organisations; (4) A gradual shift towards private services; (5) The development of the role of FFI; (6) Improving the competence in the area of intellectual property rights; (7) Financial incentives for inventors; (8) Increasing the awareness on invention and innovation; (9) The requirement to broaden the concept of inventiveness and innovation. (orig.)

  17. Privacy Act System of Records: Invention Reports Submitted to the EPA, EPA-38

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learn about the Invention Reports Submitted to the EPA System, including who is covered in the system, the purpose of data collection, routine uses for the system's records, and other security procedures.

  18. 7 CFR 1215.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... payments, or other income from the rental, sale, leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product formulations inure to the benefit of the Board and be...

  19. 7 CFR 1209.75 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, and product formulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., royalties, residual payments, or other income from the rental, sale, leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, publications, or product formulations inure to the benefit of the...

  20. 7 CFR 1280.231 - Patents, copyrights, inventions, product formulations, and publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the rental, sale leasing, franchising, or other uses of such patents, copyrights, inventions, or publication, inure to the benefit of the Board. Upon termination of this subpart, § 1280.235 shall apply to...

  1. 78 FR 55687 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Invention; Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ...The invention listed below is assigned to the United States Government, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy and is available for licensing by the Department of the Navy. Patent No. 8,408,460: Auto Adjusting Ranging Device.

  2. Proximity, network formation and inventive performance: in search of the proximity paradox

    OpenAIRE

    Cassi, Lorenzo; Plunket, Anne

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates how network relations, proximity and their interplay affect collaboration and their inventive performance. Using patent citations as a proxy for patent quality, we investigate how the network and proximity characteristics of co-inventors enable them to access different sources of knowledge, in different geographical and organizational contexts, and finally affect the quality of inventive collaboration. Our findings enable to address the proximity paradox, which states ...

  3. The Energy-Related Inventions Program: A decade of commercial progress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, M.A.; Franchuk, C.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wilson, C.R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1991-12-01

    This report provides information on the recent commercial progress of inventions supported by the US Department of Energy`s Energy-Related Inventions Programs (ERIP). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. It focuses on the economic impacts of the program, notably sales and employment benefits. The period of interest is 1980 through 1990. The evaluation is based on data collected through mail and telephone surveying of 143 participants in the Program. As of October 1989, a total of 486 inventions were recommended to DOE by the National Institute for Standards and Technology, which screens all submitted inventions in terms of technical merit, potential for commercial success, and potential energy impact. By the end of 1990, at least 109 of these inventions had entered the market, generating total cumulative sales of more than $500 million. With $25.7 million in grants awarded from 1975 through 1990, and $63.1 million in program appropriations over the same period, ERIP has generated a 20:1 return in terms of sales values to grants, and an 8:1 return in sales versus program appropriations. It is estimated that 25% of all ERIP inventions had achieved sales by the end of 1990. While it is difficult to make exact comparisons between these percentages and other indicators of the success rates of technological innovations as a whole, the ERIP figures remain impressive. The commercial progress of spin-off technologies is also documented.

  4. Teachers' learning on the workshop of STS approach as a way of enhancing inventive thinking skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngaewkoodrua, Nophakun; Yuenyong, Chokchai

    2018-01-01

    To improve science teachers to develop the STS lesson plans for enhancing the students' inventive thinking skills, the workshop of improving science teachers to develop the STS lesson plans for enhancing the Inventive thinking skills were organized. The paper aimed to clarify what teachers learn from the workshop. The goal of the activity of the workshop aimed to: 1) improve participants a better understanding of the relationship between the Inquiry based learning with STS approach, 2) understand the meaning and importance of the STS approach and identify the various stages of Yuenyong (2006) STS learning process, 3) discuss what they learned from the examples of Yuenyong (2006) lesson plan, 4) develop some activities for each stage of Yuenyong (2006) STS approach, and 5) ideas of providing STS approach activities for enhancing inventive thinking skills. Participants included 3 science teachers who work in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Methodology regarded interpretive paradigm. Teachers' learning about pedagogy of enhancing the students' inventive thinking skills will be interpreted through participant observation, teachers' tasks, and interview. The finding revealed that all participants could demonstrate their ideas how to generate the STS lesson plans as a way of enhancing inventive thinking skills. Teachers could mention some element of inventive thinking skills which could be generated on their STS learning activities.

  5. Assessing the Inventiveness of Bio-Pharmaceuticals under European and US Patent Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo

    specifically, it investigates how the European and US patent systems interpret and apply the so called "inventive step" (Europe) or "non-obviousness" requirement (U.S.) vis-à-vis bio-pharmaceutical technology with a special emphasis on DNA-and protein related inventions. In addition to evaluating the de lata...... with DNA- and protein related patents is often difficult to assess and depends on a variety of “pre-grant“ and “post-grant” factors that fall outside the scope of the analysis, this study highlights the importance of a properly balanced and stringent application of the inventive step......“The implications and applications of biotechnology continue to be at the centre of public debate. In the light of rapid scientific advances and novel insights, the multi-faceted discussions are particularly fierce with regard to patents on DNA–related technology. In the often very emotionally...

  6. The mathematician's mind the psychology of invention in the mathematical field

    CERN Document Server

    Hadamard, Jacques

    1996-01-01

    Fifty years ago when Jacques Hadamard set out to explore how mathematicians invent new ideas, he considered the creative experiences of some of the greatest thinkers of his generation, such as George Polya, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Albert Einstein. It appeared that inspiration could strike anytime, particularly after an individual had worked hard on a problem for days and then turned attention to another activity. In exploring this phenomenon, Hadamard produced one of the most famous and cogent cases for the existence of unconscious mental processes in mathematical invention and other forms of creativity. Written before the explosion of research in computers and cognitive science, his book, originally titled The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field, remains an important tool for exploring the increasingly complex problem of mental life. The roots of creativity for Hadamard lie not in consciousness, but in the long unconscious work of incubation, and in the unconscious aesthetic selection of ide...

  7. The Energy-Related Inventions Program: A decade of commercial progress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, M.A.; Franchuk, C.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Wilson, C.R. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

    1991-12-01

    This report provides information on the recent commercial progress of inventions supported by the US Department of Energy's Energy-Related Inventions Programs (ERIP). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. It focuses on the economic impacts of the program, notably sales and employment benefits. The period of interest is 1980 through 1990. The evaluation is based on data collected through mail and telephone surveying of 143 participants in the Program. As of October 1989, a total of 486 inventions were recommended to DOE by the National Institute for Standards and Technology, which screens all submitted inventions in terms of technical merit, potential for commercial success, and potential energy impact. By the end of 1990, at least 109 of these inventions had entered the market, generating total cumulative sales of more than $500 million. With $25.7 million in grants awarded from 1975 through 1990, and $63.1 million in program appropriations over the same period, ERIP has generated a 20:1 return in terms of sales values to grants, and an 8:1 return in sales versus program appropriations. It is estimated that 25% of all ERIP inventions had achieved sales by the end of 1990. While it is difficult to make exact comparisons between these percentages and other indicators of the success rates of technological innovations as a whole, the ERIP figures remain impressive. The commercial progress of spin-off technologies is also documented.

  8. Scientific American Inventions From Outer Space: Everyday Uses For NASA Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, David

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to present some of the inventions highlighted in the yearly publication of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Spinoff. These inventions cover a wide range, some of which include improvements in health, medicine, public safety, energy, environment, resource management, computer technology, automation, construction, transportation, and manufacturing technology. NASA technology has brought forth thousands of commercial products which include athletic shoes, portable x-ray machines, and scratch-resistant sunglasses, guidance systems, lasers, solar power, robotics and prosthetic devices. These products are examples of NASA research innovations which have positively impacted the community.

  9. The economic, energy, and environmental impacts of the Energy-Related Inventions Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Cohn, S.M.; Jones, D.

    1994-07-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) -- a program jointly operated by the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1992. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1993 through mail and telephone surveys of 253 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 189 participants.

  10. The economic, energy, and environmental impacts of the Energy-Related Inventions Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Cohn, S.M.; Jones, D.

    1994-07-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) -- a program jointly operated by the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1992. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1993 through mail and telephone surveys of 253 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 189 participants

  11. A Patient-Invented Maneuver to Alleviate Freezing of Gait Using a Foot Loop Band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuyuki Okuma

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Freezing of gait (FOG is a disabling gait disorder in parkinsonian patients characterized by the inability to initiate or continue locomotion. I herein present a 65-year-old man with Parkinson's disease who invented a unique method (foot loop band to alleviate FOG, which has not been previously described in the literature. The mechanisms to alleviate FOG include not only facilitating mechanical weight shift, but also restoring internal cueing and driving motor commands for gait initiation. This patient-invented maneuver may be recommended for patients having intractable FOG, because it is portable, cheap and safe.

  12. The Economic, Energy, and Environmental Impacts of the Energy-Related Inventions Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Cohn, S.M.; Jones, D.

    1994-07-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) -- a program jointly operated by the US Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1992. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1993 through mail and telephone surveys of 253 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 189 participants.

  13. Appropriating Invention through Concept Maps in Writing for Multimedia and the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacabac, Florence Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    As an alternative approach to web preproduction, I propose the use of concept maps for invention of website projects in business and professional writing courses. This mapping device approximates our students' initial site plans since rough ideas are formed based on a substantial exploratory technique. Incorporated in various disciplines, the…

  14. How Emotional Stability and Openness to Experience Support Invention: A Study with German Independent Inventors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mieg, Harald A.; Bedenk, Stephan J.; Braun, Anna; Neyer, Franz J.

    2012-01-01

    How does invention depend on personality? Do inventors differ from noninventors? This study investigated the personal factors influencing a sample of independent inventors in Germany (N = 69). Standardized psychological questionnaires were employed to assess the Big Five personality dimensions, willingness to take risks, self-concept, and…

  15. Inventing Citizens During World War I: Suffrage Cartoons in "The Woman Citizen."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, E. Michele

    2000-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship advancing the understanding of human communication by examining the rhetorical invention strategies of suffrage rhetoric in the cultural context of World War I. Shows how the political cartoons published in the mainstream Suffrage Movement's "The Woman Citizen" constructed women as strong, competent, and…

  16. The needs analysis of learning Inventive Problem Solving for technical and vocational students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sai'en, Shanty; Tze Kiong, Tee; Yunos, Jailani Md; Foong, Lee Ming; Heong, Yee Mei; Mohaffyza Mohamad, Mimi

    2017-08-01

    Malaysian Ministry of Education highlighted in their National Higher Education Strategic plan that higher education’s need to focus adopting 21st century skills in order to increase a graduate’s employability. Current research indicates that most graduate lack of problem solving skills to help them securing the job. Realising the important of this skill hence an alternative way suggested as an option for high institution’s student to solve their problem. This study was undertaken to measure the level of problem solving skills, identify the needs of learning inventive problem solving skills and the needs of developing an Inventive problem solving module. Using a questionnaire, the study sampled 132 students from Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education. Findings indicated that majority of the students fail to define what is an inventive problem and the root cause of a problem. They also unable to state the objectives and goal thus fail to solve the problem. As a result, the students agreed on the developing Inventive Problem Solving Module to assist them.

  17. Learning by "Cheating": Students' Inventive Ways of Using a Boxer Motion Microworld.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Stephen T.; Disessa, Andrea A.

    1991-01-01

    This study described ways that sixth grade students invented strategies for working out difficult physics problems while using a motion program in the computer environment "Boxer." Strategies became a communal classroom resource and ground rules for their use were negotiated with the teacher. (MDH)

  18. Tracking the internationalization of multinational corporate inventive activity : National and sectoral characteristics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alkemade, Floortje; Heimeriks, Gaston; Schoen, Antoine; Villard, Lionel; Laurens, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces a unique database, the Corporate Invention Board (CIB). The CIB combines patent data from the PATSTAT database with financial data from the ORBIS database about the 2289 companies with the largest R&D investments. We illustrate the database by showing a comprehensive overview

  19. Re-Presenting Subversive Songs: Applying Strategies for Invention and Arrangement to Nontraditional Speech Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlesworth, Dacia

    2010-01-01

    Invention deals with the content of a speech, arrangement involves placing the content in an order that is most strategic, style focuses on selecting linguistic devices, such as metaphor, to make the message more appealing, memory assists the speaker in delivering the message correctly, and delivery ideally enables great reception of the message.…

  20. Plateaus, Dips, and Leaps: Where to Look for Inventions and Discoveries during Skilled Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Wayne D.; Lindstedt, John K.

    2017-01-01

    The framework of "plateaus, dips, and leaps" shines light on periods when individuals may be inventing new methods of skilled performance. We begin with a review of the role "performance plateaus" have played in (a) experimental psychology, (b) human-computer interaction, and (c) cognitive science. We then reanalyze two classic…

  1. "Invented Invaders": An Engaging Activity to Teach Characteristics Control of Invasive Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampert, Evan

    2015-01-01

    Invasive species, defined as exotic species that reach pest status, are major threats to global biodiversity. Although invasive species can belong to any taxonomic group, general characteristics such as rapid growth and reproduction are shared by many invasive species. "Invented Invaders" is a collaborative activity in which students…

  2. 48 CFR 1227.305-4 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government. 1227.305-4 Section 1227.305-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights...

  3. 48 CFR 27.305-3 - Securing invention rights acquired by the Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Securing invention rights acquired by the Government. 27.305-3 Section 27.305-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights under...

  4. 77 FR 61748 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ...,498: VOLUME EXPANSION SYSTEM FOR BREATHING GAS IN CLOSED-CIRCUIT BREATHING//Patent No. 7,813,529...,905,527: HARNESS ASSEMBLY FOR USE IN UNDERWATER RECOVERY OPERATIONS// Patent No. 7,932,718: SYSTEM AND... Department of the Navy Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing AGENCY...

  5. Visual Invention and the Composition of Scientific Research Graphics: A Topological Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Lynda

    2018-01-01

    This report details the second phase of an ongoing research project investigating the visual invention and composition processes of scientific researchers. In this phase, four academic researchers completed think-aloud protocols as they composed graphics for research presentations; they also answered follow-up questions about their visual…

  6. Storyboarding for Invention: Layering Modes for More Effective Transfer in a Multimodal Composition Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balzotti, Jon

    2016-01-01

    This article describes an innovative pedagogical technique for multimodal composition courses: the use of storyboarding as an invention tool across multiple composition platforms. Student response data and our textual analysis of their multimodal texts over a two-year period reveal some challenges when new media projects are taught alongside…

  7. Children's Invented Notations and Verbal Responses to a Piano Work by Claude Debussy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkoshi, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    This study considers the way children listen to classical music composed for them and the effect of age on their spontaneous invented notations and verbal responses. The musical selection is a piano piece for children by Claude Debussy:"'Jimbo's Lullaby" from "Children's Corner". Two hundred and nine children 4-9.5-years-old…

  8. 75 FR 80798 - Availability for Exclusive, Non-Exclusive, or Partially-Exclusive Licensing of Inventions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... Partially-Exclusive Licensing of Inventions Concerning an Inactivated Dengue Virus Vaccine and a Method and Kit for Detection of Dengue Virus AGENCY: Department of the Army, DoD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... which issued July 3, 2001, entitled ``Inactivated Dengue Virus Vaccine,'' and U.S. Patent 6,190,859...

  9. 77 FR 14508 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ...The inventions listed below are assigned to the United States Government as represented by the Secretary of the Navy and are available for licensing by the Department of the Navy. The following patent is available for licensing: Patent application 12/793,503: AUTO ADJUSTING RANGING DEVICE (a ranging system for use with a projectile launching device).

  10. 77 FR 5242 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Invention; Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ...The invention listed below is assigned to the United States Government as represented by the Secretary of the Navy and is available for licensing by the Department of the Navy. The following patent is available for licensing: Patent application 13/168,459: ACCESSORY INTERFACE SYSTEM (An apparatus for mounting accessories on a weapon mount).

  11. 76 FR 54222 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ...; Available for Licensing AGENCY: Department of the Navy, DoD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The inventions listed... available for licensing by the Department of the Navy. The following patents are available for licensing: U... Division, Business and Partnership Office, Office of Research and Technology Applications, Building 505...

  12. INFORMATION SUPPORT OF DISTANCE LEARNING COURSE "THEORY OF INVENTIVE PROBLEM SOLVING"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Solodovnik

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This article describes experience of developing a distance course «Theory of inventive problem solving» based on distance learning system «Kherson Virtual University» aimed at students of 4 course of specialty «PMSE. Physics».

  13. Invented Spelling Activities in Small Groups and Early Spelling and Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Margarida Alves; Salvador, Liliana; Albuquerque, Ana; Silva, Cristina

    2016-01-01

    Our aim was to assess the impact of an invented spelling programme conducted in small groups on children's written language acquisition in Portuguese. We expected the experimental group to have better post-test results than the control group in spelling and reading. Participants were 160 preschool-age children who were randomly divided into an…

  14. Thomas Edison's Inventions in the 1900s and Today: From "New" to You! [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    The purpose of this lesson is to familiarize students with life and technology around 1900 so that they can better understand how Thomas Edison and his many inventions influenced both. Without some understanding of Edison's time, it is unclear just how significant an impact Edison had on the world, both then and now. While the incandescent light…

  15. 10 CFR 781.61 - Publication of DOE inventions available for license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....61 Section 781.61 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE PATENT LICENSING REGULATIONS Procedures § 781.61... Federal Register a list of the DOE inventions available for licensing under this part. In addition, a list... and Trademark Office Official Gazette and in the National Technical Information Service (NTIS...

  16. Promoting Early Literacy via Practicing Invented Spelling: A Comparison of Different Mediation Routines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Iris; Aram, Dorit

    2013-01-01

    The present study compared the effects of different mediation routines provided to kindergartners from families of low socioeconomic status on the students' invented spelling attempts and on their gains obtained on spelling and other early literacy skills (letter naming, sounds of letters, word segmentation, and word decoding). The effects of the…

  17. Fifth Graders' Creativity in Inventions with and without Creative Articulation Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kress, Darcie K.; Rule, Audrey C.

    2017-01-01

    Industry and authors of 21st Century Skill Frameworks are calling for student proficiency in creativity, problem-solving, innovation, collaboration, and communication skills. This project involved 13 fifth grade gifted students in inventing products for a specified audience with a set of given materials, time limit, and topic constraints. The…

  18. Imitate Me; Don't Imitate Me: Mimeticism in David Bartholomae's "Inventing the University."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Richard

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the issue of the instructor's role in the classroom with respect to David Bartholomae's "Inventing the University." Suggests an approach informed by the literary and anthropological theories of Rene Girard. Deals with Girard's views on mimetic desire. Asserts the double-bind of this view--"imitate me; don't imitate…

  19. 75 FR 17395 - Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions; Available for Licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-06

    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Navy Notice of Availability of Government-Owned Inventions... below are those in which the United States Government as represented by the Secretary of the Navy has an.... 12/587,328 entitled ``Parallel plate antenna'' filed on September 30, 2009; U.S. Patent Application...

  20. The energy-related inventions program: Continuing benefits to the inventor community

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braid, R.B. Jr.; Brown, M.A.; Wilson, C.R.; Franchuk, C.A.; Rizy, C.G.

    1996-10-01

    This report provides information on the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of inventions supported by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) - a technology commercialization program jointly operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It describes the results of the latest in a series of ERIP evaluation projects that have been completed since 1980. The period of interest is 1980 through 1994. The evaluation is based on data collected in 1995 through mail and telephone surveys of 211 program participants, and historical data collected during previous evaluations for an additional 253 participants. As of September 1993, a total of 609 inventions had been recommended to DOE by NIST, which screens all submitted inventions for technical merit, potential for commercial success, and potential energy impact. By the end of 1994, at least 144 (or 24%) of these inventions had entered the market, generating total cumulative sales of $961 million (in 19944). It is estimated that in 1994 ERIP inventors earned royalties of $2.3 million, and over the lifetime of the program, royalties total $28.2 million. With $47.5 million in grants awarded from 1975 through 1994 and $124 million in program appropriations over the same period, ERIP has generated a 20:1 return in terms of sales values to grants, and an 8:1 return in sales versus program appropriations. Further, it is estimated that at least 757 job-years of employment were supported by ERIP technologies in 1994, and that this resulted in a return of approximately $3.4 million in individual income taxes to the U.S. Treasury. Finally, approximately $334 million of energy expenditures were saved in 1994 as a result of the commercial success of five ERIP projects. These energy savings resulted in reduced emissions of 2.1 million metric tons of carbon in 1994 alone.

  1. 48 CFR 1827.305-4 - Conveyance of invention rights acquired by the Government. (NASA supplements paragraph (a))

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Conveyance of invention... Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts 1827.305-4 Conveyance of invention...

  2. Amazing Maya Inventions You Can Build Yourself: New Book Designed to Help Kids Learn History of the Ancient Maya Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell-Rehwoldt, Sheri

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes her book, "Amazing Maya Inventions You Can Build Yourself," a new book designed to help kids learn the history of the ancient Maya civilization. "Amazing Maya Inventions You Can Build Yourself" offers the reader an engaging exploration of the history and culture of the Maya through building and crafts projects…

  3. 37 CFR 1.489 - Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Protest to lack of unity of... Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority. (a) If the applicant disagrees with the holding of lack of unity of invention by the International Preliminary...

  4. 37 CFR 1.477 - Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Protest to lack of unity of... PATENT CASES International Processing Provisions Unity of Invention § 1.477 Protest to lack of unity of... lack of unity of invention by the International Searching Authority, additional fees may be paid under...

  5. Invention and Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies on a Global Scale: A Study Drawing on Patent Data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dechezlepretre, A.; Glachant, M.; Hascic, I.; Johnstone, N.; Meniere, Y.

    2010-01-01

    This paper uses the EPO/OECD World Patent Statistical Database (PATSTAT) to provide a quantitative description of the geographic distribution of inventions in thirteen climate mitigation technologies since 1978 and their international diffusion on a global scale. Statistics suggest that innovation has mostly been driven by energy prices until 1990. Since then, environmental policies, and climate policies more recently, have accelerated the pace of innovation. Innovation is highly concentrated in three countries - Japan, Germany and the USA - which account for 60% of total innovations. Surprisingly, the innovation performance of emerging economies is far from being negligible as China and South Korea together represent about 15% of total inventions. However, they export much less inventions than industrialized countries, suggesting their inventions have less value. More generally, international transfers mostly occur between developed countries (73% of exported inventions). Exports from developed countries to emerging economies are still limited (22%) but are growing rapidly, especially to China. (authors)

  6. Inventing Memories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil; Christensen, Dorthe Refslund

    describes the long term process through which instutions and interaction modes are being changed in culture and society due to the media's increasing influence. Mediatization defines and frames the way we experience and how we define ourselves and the roles we play in connection to this experience. Web 2...... on the Internet facilitating the process of mourning for people who have lost loved ones (children, lovers, siblings, parents etc), websites like e.g. Letters to Heaven. In this paper we analyze the Danish mourning website, mindet.dk (mindet means memory). On this website participants perform their grief...... by designing online memory spaces for their loved one(s) displaying photographs, poetry, stories and expressions of grief and longing. They take part in expressions of empathy for others by lighting candles for other people's loved ones, they share their personal experiences in different chatrooms...

  7. Inventing Racism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuriff, G. E.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the form racism takes in the United States, highlighting three types of racism that social scientists and scholars find to be pervasive today (modern racism, aversive racism, and implicit stereotypes). All three depart from traditional understandings of racism by being found not in overt actions and expressions but in political opinion,…

  8. Inventing Memories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil; Christensen, Dorthe Refslund

    on the Internet facilitating the process of mourning for people who have lost loved ones (children, lovers, siblings, parents etc), websites like e.g. Letters to Heaven. In this paper we analyze the Danish mourning website, mindet.dk (mindet means memory). On this website participants perform their grief...... by designing online memory spaces for their loved one(s) displaying photographs, poetry, stories and expressions of grief and longing. They take part in expressions of empathy for others by lighting candles for other people's loved ones, they share their personal experiences in different chatrooms...

  9. Ormiaochracea as a Model Organism in Sound Localization Experiments and in Inventing Hearing Aids.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - -

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Hearing aid prescription for patients suffering hearing loss has always been one of the main concerns of the audiologists. Thanks to technology that has provided Hearing aids with digital and computerized systems which has improved the quality of sound heard by hearing aids. Though we can learn from nature in inventing such instruments as in the current article that has been channeled to a kind of fruit fly. Ormiaochracea is a small yellow nocturnal fly, a parasitoid of crickets. It is notable because of its exceptionally acute directional hearing. In the current article we will discuss how it has become a model organism in sound localization experiments and in inventing hearing aids.

  10. Comparative Study of the Role of Institutions in Shaping Inventive Activity in Mid-Range Emerging Economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervits Irina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of institutions on national rates of inventive activity. Invention, part of the innovation process, is acknowledged as one of the driving forces behind economic growth, and patent statistics are frequently used as a measurable indicator of inventive output. Thus this paper explores the relationship between national patent statistics and measures of institutional quality. As a result of our research, the effect of the “threshold of inventive activity” was observed. This effect demonstrates that when countries reach a certain level of institutional development and attain a general institutional climate conducive to inventive activity, the number of patent applications begins to sharply increase. The paper contributes to the body of evidence that confirms that a combination of fundamental institutions like the rule of law or freedom of expression, which are not necessarily aimed at boosting innovation, create an overall environment conducive to patenting. We demonstrate that “mid-range emerging economies”,2 including those in Central and Eastern Europe3 (CEE, where the quality of institutions is lagging behind more developed counterparts and/or their influence is weak or sporadic, have not yet reached the threshold of inventive activity yet. However, those CEE countries that have acceded to the European Union first have made visible progress with respect to institutional quality and invention.

  11. Inventive Activity and the Market for Technology in the United States, 1840-1920

    OpenAIRE

    Naomi R. Lamoreaux; Kenneth L. Sokoloff

    1999-01-01

    The growth of the U.S. economy over the nineteenth century was characterized by a sharp acceleration in the rate of inventive activity and a dramatic rise in the relative importance of highly specialized inventors as generators of new technological knowledge. Relying on evidence compiled from patent records, we argue that the evolution of a market for technology played a central role in these developments. Across both individuals and geographic areas, the expansion of opportunities to trade i...

  12. Stimulating Rhetorical Invention in English Composition through Computer-Assisted Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    rates--the topoi method being the most 11 x likely to sustain an inquiry and the Burke pentad being the least likely. No significant difference...of invention in classical Greece and Rome, the topoi were ti.- most prominent. Since the purpose of classical rhetoric was to persuade, lists of topoi ...arguments for any persuasive situation. Consequently, the classical rhetorical 933 treatises or handbooks assembled substantial lists of topoi

  13. "Inventing Hysteria" An Investigation on How Social Constructivism Uses Technology to Define Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Stadler, Doris

    2016-01-01

    In my paper I want to focus on the social constructivists and their approach of using technology to define (constructed) reality. Based on this, constructivists argue that technology can be a means to define social roles. Furthermore, I want to analyze this theory on the practical example of the photographs of women in different phases of hysteria, based on Georges Didi-Huberman’s book Invention of Hysteria (1982)

  14. Effects of invented spelling and direct instruction on spelling performance of second-grade boys.

    OpenAIRE

    Gettinger, M

    1993-01-01

    Four second-grade boys, 2 rated by their classroom teacher as below average and 2 as above average in basic language skills, participated in a 16-week spelling investigation. The participants alternately received, in counterbalanced order, 5 weeks of an invented spelling approach that incorporated 15-min creative writing periods and 5 weeks of direct instruction that involved 15-min periods of guided practice on spelling word lists. At the end of 10 weeks, each condition was replicated for 3 ...

  15. Templates for invention in the mathematical and physical sciences with applications to optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caulfield, H. John

    2001-07-01

    Some of the greatest mathematicians and scientists in history have made their most important contributions by applying unsystematically one of three general patterns or templates for inventions. Here, for the first time to my knowledge, these templates are stated explicitly and illustrated with examples from optics. I call them The Do- Nothing Machine, The Continuous Extension, The Up-Down Paradigm, and The Reversal of Fortune.

  16. Inventing and naming America:  Place and Place Names in Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Manolescu-Oancea

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In the afterword to Lolita, Nabokov claimed that in this book he had to invent both Lolita and America after having invented Europe in his previous fiction. This paper focuses precisely on the various ways in which Nabokov “invented” America in his best-known novel. This invention is first of all the result of the author’s evolving stance on the complexity of what he called “average ‘reality’” in his works. Through a survey of Nabokov’s statements on the choice and role of place in the forewords to his Russian works and in his critical texts, I show that Lolita is indeed considered by Nabokov to be a “recreation” of American reality, to a much greater extent than his Russian works had been recreations of a given milieu. I take the metaphor of the “crazy quilt” mentioned in Lolita to suggest complexity, chromatic exuberance, hybridity. The invention of America is also the result of a process of naming. Place names will be examined, not only those which make up Quilty’s “cryptogrammic paperchase”, but also Humbert’s choice of place names. The problem of referentiality is discussed and the way recent criticism has dealt with it. Finally, the interplay between one and many is emphasized, the way in which the diversity of the “crazy quilt” is counterbalanced by the uniqueness of the mastermind having produced it. The American motto “From many make one” could be reinterpreted as “From one make many”.

  17. Re-Inventing Teachers' Competences at Early Childhood Education in Building Characters Needed for Global Competition

    OpenAIRE

    Machmud, Karmila

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to elaborate and to re-invent the competencies needed by early childhood education teachers. Building children’s character from an early age is significant, but the main problem that is often overlooked is the contribution of Early Childhood Education teachers. Children’s character formation is largely determined by the quality of early childhood teachers. So if we want to instill character values required by our nations, the improvement of the quality of early child...

  18. [In defense of society: the invention of palliative care and the production of subjectivities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Karen Schein; Kruse, Maria Henriqueta Luce

    2012-04-01

    This article is a theoretical reflection that is part of a study named Em Defesa da Sociedade: a invenção dos Cuidados Paliativos (In Defense of Society: the invention of Palliative Care). In order to articulate this discussion, we used the 2007edition of the Palliative Care Manual published by the World Health Organization (WHO), as we understand it is part of a body of work capable of producing subjectivities and ruling conduct. In this sense, we intend to understand how the discourses on palliative care are associated and promote the invention of a new subject that would work as a bio-political strategy in order to defend society. Based on the textual analysis of the discourse presented in the manual, with the help of the Cultural Studies framework and inspired by the works of Michel Foucault, we present one of the possible meanings derived from the readings of the WHO Guide. Thus, we observe the (re)organization and (re)invention of a subject that invests in the subjectivity of individuals and constitutes an actual framework that regulates and rules the population.

  19. IMPROVING PATENT PROTECTION OF INVENTIVE ACTIVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF EU LEGISLATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya Philyk

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: clarify legal nature of relations emerging in connection with registration of patent law objects. In this article the authors research special features of legal regulation of inventive activity. In particular, they consider several issues of patenting the patent law objects and clarify legal nature of relations arose during registration of the rights to the patent law objects. Methods: formal legal and case-study methods together with inductive reasoning, and comparison were used to analyse the legislation in the area of jurisdiction inventive activity Results: during the research the authors focus their attention to the drawbacks of the effective legislation and form the main directions of the effective legislation improvement in accordance with international law in the context of the patent law objects protection. Special attention is devoted to analysis of the main threats of the patent law violations and ways to overcome them. Conclusions: the results confirming improving the efficiency of the system of intellectual property protection through institutional changes and changes in the legal regulation of inventive activity and results will have a positive impact on the reform of the system of intellectual property protection in Ukraine.

  20. The theory of inventive problem solving integrated to the cleaner production: theoretical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Issao Kubota

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Efforts towards to reduction of environmental impact by enterprises are a solving problem process, which often need inventive solutions that generate environmental, technical and economic benefits. Hence, this research aimed to verify, through literature, and discuss the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ integration to cleaner production (CP strategies, in order to structure a new methodology for inventive solutions focused on reduction of effluents, waste and emissions. To perform this study, we proceeded a qualitative and descriptive research, with documentary data collection strategy. The results show predominance of CP level 1 researches, with greater focus on product improvement, a smaller quantity of process modification studies (level 1 and internal recycling (level 2, and no evidence of TRIZ utilization was obtained on level 3 (external recycling and biogenic cycles. The proposed integration is promising, since both methodologies aim ideal situation and problems’ reduction. At the end, opportunities were detected for application of TRIZ in production processes, by means of functional analysis and Ideal Final Result (IFR, being possible to direct teams towards optimization of technical systems.

  1. Government patent policy: An analysis of the effects of three alternative patent policies on technology of goverment inventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matousek, M.

    1979-01-01

    The effects of present and proposed Government patent policies on the process of technology transfer and the commercialization of inventions resulting from Government sponsored research are addressed. The function of the patent system in Government research and the value of patents resulting from government sponsored research are examined. Three alternative patent policies, title in the contractor, title in the Government, and the waiver policy, are examined in terms of their effect on the commercialization of inventions, industrial competitions, disclosure of inventions, participation of research contractors and administrative costs. Efforts to reform the present Government patent policy are also described.

  2. The inventions in the area of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The inventions in the area of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials produce a profound effect in construction, housing and communal services and adjacent economic fields. The invention «Raw material mixture for high strength fiber concrete (RU 2569140» refers to the industry of building materials and can be used for production of concrete units in civil, industrial and road construction including ones with the use of nanotechnologies. The technical result of the invention is that it increases bending and compressive strength, corrosion resistance of fiber concrete, decreases the consumption of silica-containing component introduced into raw material mixture to increase the corrosion resistance of the basalt fiber. The invention «The device to form nanostructured shape memory coatings on the surface of the hollow details (RU 2569871» refers to engineering and metallurgy. The device contains technological unit for ion purification of the surface of the treated detail by creating glow discharge in vacuum chamber. The source of metal ion implantation is installed at the frame of vacuum chamber and is connected with control block. On the lid of vacuum chamber there is a device round the upper end of the tube with the detail. The device is for surface plastic deformation of the applied coating to obtain nanostructured shape memory layer. All that increases strength characteristics, coating reliability as well as convertible deformation and wear resistance. The specialists may be also interested in the following nanotechnological inventions: the method to produce complex nanodispersed additive for high strength concrete (RU 2563264; the method to produce graphene nanocomposite and tungsten carbide (RU 2570691; the method of ultrasound final polishing for details from constructional and tool steels and the equipment for its implementation (RU 2530678; the method to produce nanodispersed powders and the equipment for its implementation (RU 2533580; the

  3. EPA-developed, patented technologies related to miscellaneous areas of environmental experties and invention that are available for licensing

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Under the Federal Technology Transfer Act (FTTA), Federal Agencies can patent inventions developed during the course of research. These technologies can then be...

  4. Inventions in the nanotechnological area considerably increase wear- and chemical resistance of construction products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The invention «Reinforced flaked element made of natural or conglomerate stone and its multilayer protective coating (RU 2520193» is referred to construction materials. Reinforced flaked element made of natural or conglomerate stone consists of: natural or conglomerate materials as the basis; multilayer coating which protects the mentioned basis from chemical substances and wearing mechanical factors influencing on this element where the multilayer coating includes at least three layers formed by one or many film-forming compositions which comprise top layer with scratch-resistant nanoparticles and encircled with polyester, melamine, phenolic, acryl or epoxy resin (or any combination of them which provides protection against scratches; damper intermediate layer made of epoxy and/or acryl resin which provides impact resistant; lower layer adjoining to the basis and containing particles of Al2O3 or silicon carbide plus acryl polymer and providing resistance to abrasive wear. Technical result is increased wear- and chemical resistance of flaked elements from natural or conglomerate materials. The invention «Fine organic suspension of carbon metal-containing nanostructures and the method to produce it (RU 2515858» is referred to the area of physical and colloid chemistry and can be used to obtain polymer compositions. Fine organic suspension of carbon metal-containing nanostructures is produced by interaction between nanostructures and polyethylenepolyamine. At first the powder of carbon metalcontaining nanostructures (which are nanoparticles of 3d-metal such as copper, cobalt, nickel stabilized in carbon nanostructures is mechanically milled, then it is mechanically ground with polyethylenepolyamine introduced portionally unless and until the content of nanostructures is less 1 g/ml. The invention results in decreased power inputs as the obtained fine organic suspension of carbon and metal-containing nanostructures is able to recover due to

  5. Measuring originality: common patterns of invention in research and technology organizations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, D.L.; Wiseman, E.; Keating, T.; Archambeault, J.

    2016-07-01

    The National Research Council of Canada (NRC) co-chairs an international working group on performance benchmarking and impact assessment of Research and Technology Organizations (RTO). The Knowledge Management branch of the NRC conducted the patent analysis portion of the benchmarking study. In this paper, we present a Weighted Originality index that can more accurately measure the spread of technological combinations in terms of hierarchical patent classifications. Using this patent indicator, we revealed a common pattern of distribution of invention originality in RTOs. Our work contributes to the methodological advancement of patent measures for the scientometric community. (Author)

  6. Assessing the Inventiveness of Bio-Pharmaceuticals under European and US Patent Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo

    , is utterly wrong, since any DNA and the information it contains is the embodiment of the code of life and should be regarded part of the common heritage of mankind. Some patent opponents go even further and argue for a prohibition of patents on proteins. Others, and in particular the life science industry...... situation through analysis of recent case law and regulations, this study also discusses the impact of the inventive step/non-obviousness requirement on biomedical innovation. In that regard particular attention is given to the continuing debates over a variety of significant issues...

  7. Book Review: Lewis, B. (1975. History: Remembered, Recovered, Invented. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihat Gurel Kahveci

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available How is history used? What are the ways history is used? In this book review, Nihat Kahveci analyzes how Bernard Lewis’s History: Remembered, Recovered, Invented seeks the answers to these important questions. Lewis states in the preface that the historian sometimes “needs to leave his period, his area, and his topic, and take a boarder look at the nature of his vocation and discipline”. The book is such reflection on nature of historical knowledge and discipline of history. Organizing different examples of historical events, the book takes a broad look at the discipline of history.

  8. [The invention of animals: a history of Mexican veterinary medicine in the nineteenth century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza, Blanca Irais Uribe

    2015-12-01

    This article analyzes a phenomenon I call "the invention of animals," that is, the way in which veterinary medicine and the practices of physiology, microbiology and zootechnics produced new and different ways of thinking about, studying, understanding, regulating, legislating, commercializing, exploiting and experiencing "the animal." In particular, the text focuses on the evolution of this phenomenon in Mexico during the nineteenth century, since during this period the impact of these disciplines on animal bodies led to significant changes in the fields of human medicine, public health, and livestock production.

  9. Inventário simplificado de qualidade de vida na epilepsia infantil: primeiros resultados

    OpenAIRE

    FERNANDES,PAULA TEIXEIRA; SOUZA,ELISABETE ABIB PEDROSO DE

    1999-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Verificar como os pais percebem a qualidade de vida dos filhos epilépticos e se crenças relativas à epilepsia controlam a relação pais e filhos. MÉTODO: Foram aplicados 21 protocolos do "Inventário Simplificado de Qualidade de Vida na Epilepsia Infantil" em pais de crianças com 6 a 14 anos portadoras de epilepsia benigna da infância. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que 86% dos pais relataram crenças relativas à epilepsia. A maioria dos pais avaliou a qualidade de vida dos filhos como muito ...

  10. Patent literature on mosquito repellent inventions which contain plant essential oils--a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohlit, Adrian Martin; Lopes, Norberto Peporine; Gama, Renata Antonaci; Tadei, Wanderli Pedro; Neto, Valter Ferreira de Andrade

    2011-04-01

    Bites Bites of mosquitoes belonging to the genera Anopheles Meigen, Aedes Meigen, Culex L. and Haemagogus L. are a general nuisance and are responsible for the transmission of important tropical diseases such as malaria, hemorrhagic dengue and yellow fevers and filariasis (elephantiasis). Plants are traditional sources of mosquito repelling essential oils (EOs), glyceridic oils and repellent and synergistic chemicals. A Chemical Abstracts search on mosquito repellent inventions containing plant-derived EOs revealed 144 active patents mostly from Asia. Chinese, Japanese and Korean language patents and those of India (in English) accounted for roughly 3/4 of all patents. Since 1998 patents on EO-containing mosquito repellent inventions have almost doubled about every 4 years. In general, these patents describe repellent compositions for use in topical agents, cosmetic products, incense, fumigants, indoor and outdoor sprays, fibers, textiles among other applications. 67 EOs and 9 glyceridic oils were individually cited in at least 2 patents. Over 1/2 of all patents named just one EO. Citronella [Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle, C.winterianus Jowitt ex Bor] and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus LʼHér. spp.) EOs were each cited in approximately 1/3 of all patents. Camphor [Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl], cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume), clove [Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry], geranium (Pelargonium graveolens LʼHér.), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.), lemon [Citrus × limon (L.) Osbeck], lemongrass [Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf] and peppermint (Mentha × piperita L.) EOs were each cited in > 10% of patents. Repellent chemicals present in EO compositions or added as pure “natural” ingredients such as geraniol, limonene, p-menthane-3,8-diol, nepetalactone and vanillin were described in approximately 40% of all patents. About 25% of EO-containing inventions included or were made to be used with synthetic insect control agents having mosquito

  11. Electronic inventions and discoveries electronics from its earliest beginnings to the present day

    CERN Document Server

    Dummer, G W A

    1983-01-01

    Electronic Inventions and Discoveries: Electronics from Its Earliest Beginnings to the Present Day provides a summary of the development of the whole field of electronics. Organized into 13 chapters, the book covers and reviews the history of electronics as a whole and its aspects. The opening chapter covers the beginnings of electronics, while the next chapter discusses the development of components, transistors, and integrated circuits. The third chapter tackles the expansion of electronics and its effects on industry. The succeeding chapters discuss the history of the aspects of electronics

  12. Inventário masculino dos esquemas de gênero do autoconceito (IMEGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Giavoni

    Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo foi elaborar e validar o Inventário Masculino dos Esquemas de Gênero do Autoconceito (IMEGA. Baseado nas estruturas fatoriais das escalas masculina e feminina do Inventário dos Esquemas de Gênero do Autoconceito (IEGA, este instrumento avalia os esquemas masculino e feminino do autoconceito dos homens. A amostra utilizada foi composta por estudantes universitários do sexo masculino. Para a validade de construto do IMEGA, foram realizadas análises fatoriais (Principal Axis Factoring - PAF, com rotações oblíquas e ortogonais, para ambas as escalas e análise da consistência interna dos fatores (alfa de Cronbach. Os resultados demonstram que ambas as escalas são compostas por estruturas multifatoriais que se assemelham às estruturas fatoriais do IEGA. Devidamente validado, o IMEGA pode ser utilizado para avaliar os esquemas masculino e feminino do autoconceito de indivíduos do sexo masculino.

  13. Inventário de Fontes de Estresse Acadêmico no Curso de Medicina (IFSAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabete Maria Ferraz Loureiro

    Full Text Available O Inventário de Fontes de Estresse Acadêmico no Curso de Medicina (IFSAM foi desenvolvido para caracterizar as principais fontes de estresse acadêmico dos estudantes da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto (FMUP e a intensidade com que são experienciadas. O inventário (31 itens foi construído por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas a estudantes (n = 80 dos seis anos da licenciatura. Suas propriedades psicométricas foram testadas num estudo com 251 estudantes dos seis anos do curso (160 do sexo feminino e 91 do sexo masculino. A validade de constructo foi avaliada mediante análise fatorial que resultou numa solução de cinco fatores ("exigências do curso", "exigências humanas", "estilos de vida", "competição" e "adaptação" com 54,8% da variância explicada e boa representatividade do constructo. O IFSAM total evidencia ainda uma boa fidelidade, com um coeficiente de consistência interna de.88. Os resultados revelam que o IFSAM apresenta boas características psicométricas na amostra, podendo constituir um instrumento útil na avaliação das fontes e intensidade de estresse acadêmico do curso de Medicina noutras instituições.

  14. The invention of graphene electronics and the physics of epitaxial graphene on silicon carbide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Heer, Walt A

    2012-01-01

    Graphene electronics was officially invented at the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2003 after experimental and theoretical research on graphene properties starting from 2001. This paper focuses on the motivation and events leading to the invention of graphene electronics, as well as on recent developments. Graphene electronics was originally conceived as a new electronics paradigm to incorporate the room-temperature ballistic and coherent properties of carbon nanotubes in a patternable electronic material. Graphene on silicon carbide was chosen as the most suitable material. Other electronics schemes, involving transferred (exfoliated and chemical vapor deposition-produced) graphitic materials, that operate in the diffusive regime may not be competitive with standard methods and may therefore not significantly impact electronics. In recent years, epitaxial graphene has improved to the point where graphene electronics according to the original concept appears to be within reach. Beyond electronics, epitaxial graphene research has led to important developments in graphene physics in general and has become a leading platform for graphene science as well.

  15. Plateaus, Dips, and Leaps: Where to Look for Inventions and Discoveries During Skilled Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Wayne D; Lindstedt, John K

    2017-09-01

    The framework of plateaus, dips, and leaps shines light on periods when individuals may be inventing new methods of skilled performance. We begin with a review of the role performance plateaus have played in (a) experimental psychology, (b) human-computer interaction, and (c) cognitive science. We then reanalyze two classic studies of individual performance to show plateaus and dips which resulted in performance leaps. For a third study, we show how the statistical methods of Changepoint Analysis plus a few simple heuristics may direct our focus to periods of performance change for individuals. For the researcher, dips become the marker of exploration where performance suffers as new methods are invented and tested. Leaps mark the implementation of a successful new method and an incremental jump above the path plotted by smooth and steady log-log performance increments. The methods developed during these dips and leaps are the key to surpassing one's teachers and acquiring extreme expertise. Copyright © 2016 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  16. Single-Electron Transfer Living Radical Polymerization Platform to Practice, Develop, and Invent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lligadas, Gerard; Grama, Silvia; Percec, Virgil

    2017-10-09

    The most fundamental aspects of single-electron transfer (SET) principles are presented. They are discussed according to different definitions used by expert practitioners and are applied to SET living radical polymerization (SET-LRP) according to the definition of the division of organic chemistry of IUPAC that relies on principles elaborated by Taube, Eberson, Chanon, and Kochi. Additional definitions are also discussed to help clarify for the nonexpert contradictory literature reports. Subsequently, the principles and evolution of SET-LRP together with the methodologies currently available to practice it are discussed. It is expected that this Perspective will be able to help experts and nonexperts practice, develop, and invent new concepts and methodologies for SET-LRP to advance its status and the status of other living radical polymerization methods to the level of the most precise living polymerization methods.

  17. Inventing a space mission the story of the Herschel space observatory

    CERN Document Server

    Minier, Vincent; Bontems, Vincent; de Graauw, Thijs; Griffin, Matt; Helmich, Frank; Pilbratt, Göran; Volonte, Sergio

    2017-01-01

    This book describes prominent technological achievements within a very successful space science mission: the Herschel space observatory. Focusing on the various processes of innovation it offers an analysis and discussion of the social, technological and scientific context of the mission that paved the way to its development. It addresses the key question raised by these processes in our modern society, i.e.: how knowledge management of innovation set the conditions for inventing the future? In that respect the book is based on a transdisciplinary analysis of the programmatic complexity of Herschel, with inputs from space scientists, managers, philosophers, and engineers. This book is addressed to decision makers, not only in space science, but also in other industries and sciences using or building large machines. It is also addressed to space engineers and scientists as well as students in science and management.

  18. Technological Monitoring Study Based on Invention Patents of Omeprazoleand Derivatives with Pharmaceutical Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandra Guimarães de Oliveira

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The current study intends to present the relevance of omeprazole, esomeprazole, rabeprazole, pantoprazole and lansoprazole by means of the technological foresight study, through invention patent documents from Brazilian applicants as indicators of innovation. The European database of patents (Espacenet, Word Patent Index (DERWENT and the Brazilian Patent Base of INPI were used, combining keywords and International Patent Classifications. The major applicants, countries of publication and claims categories were mapped. The 212 patent requests collected are mainly distributed in Chemistry, Pharmacy and Pharmacology areas. The results obtained revealed that the US was the main country with studies directed to this technological area (59 patent applications and the major applicant was the company Astrazeneca AB. Therefore, we can understand that this is a promising technology that may reflect in an increase of R&D activities and patent applications in this area.

  19. O inventário do comendador José de Brum da Silveira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo André Oliveira

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O inventário do Comendador José de Brum da Silveira, viúvo de Vicência Maria de Jesús, realizado em 1842, é provavelmente o formal de partilha mais antigo após os primeiros donatários de sesmaria (1818, nesse período do século XIX em que está se processando a ocupação dos Campos Neutrais pela colonização européia. São inventariados dois estabelecimentos: a Estância do Arroio d’El Rey (Santa Vitória do Palmar – Arroíto e a Chácara do Arrayal (Rio Grande – Fazenda da Picada.

  20. SIA - Sistema de Inventário Automatizado para as bibliotecas do SIBi/USP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Fischi Zani

    Full Text Available Descreve a criação e implantação do Sistema de Inventário Automatizado - SAI - para o Sistema Integrado de Bibliotecas da Universidade de São Paulo - SIBi/USP -, ressaltando as vantagens do emprego da tecnologia para tornar mais ágil, eficaz e confiável o processo. O modelo mostrou-se flexível às particularidades dos acervos e das bibliotecas. Enumera os principais requisitos para automação do procedimento, bem como as tecnologias envolvidas e disponíveis no mercado. Após aplicação de teste piloto, o modelo foi aprovado pelas bibliotecas da USP.

  1. Generalizing, optimizing, and inventing numerical algorithms for the fractional Fourier, Fresnel, and linear canonical transforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennelly, Bryan M.; Sheridan, John T.

    2005-05-01

    By use of matrix-based techniques it is shown how the space-bandwidth product (SBP) of a signal, as indicated by the location of the signal energy in the Wigner distribution function, can be tracked through any quadratic-phase optical system whose operation is described by the linear canonical transform. Then, applying the regular uniform sampling criteria imposed by the SBP and linking the criteria explicitly to a decomposition of the optical matrix of the system, it is shown how numerical algorithms (employing interpolation and decimation), which exhibit both invertibility and additivity, can be implemented. Algorithms appearing in the literature for a variety of transforms (Fresnel, fractional Fourier) are shown to be special cases of our general approach. The method is shown to allow the existing algorithms to be optimized and is also shown to permit the invention of many new algorithms.

  2. The Role of the Popes in the Invention of Complementarity and the Anathematization of Gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Anne Case

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the origins and uses by the Vatican of the theological anthropology of complementarity, arguing that the doctrine of complementarity, under which the sexes are essentially different though not unequal, is an invention of the twentieth century untraceable in earlier centuries, but developed by, among others, the Popes from Pius XII through Benedict XVI, in part as a response to feminist claims, including those recently anathematized by the Vatican under the term ‘gender.’ After exploring some difficulties with the application of the doctrine of complementarity as Catholic orthodoxy, the article concludes by compiling preliminary evidence as to the extent Pope Francis will continue his predecessors’ approach to complementarity.

  3. Inventing New Uses For Tools: A Cognitive Foundation For Studies On Appropriation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antti Salovaara

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Appropriation refers to the processes that take place when new uses are invented for tools and when these uses develop into practices and start spreading within a user community. Most research in human-computer interaction and computer-supported cooperative work to date has studied this phenomenon from a social sciences approach, thus focusing on the practice side of the phenomenon. This paper addresses appropriation from the other direction, drawing from ecological psychology and focusing on cognitive processes in context. Appropriation from this perspective is understood as an interpretation process in which the user perceives in a tool a new opportunity for action, thus acquiring a new mental usage schema that complements the existing uses. This approach highlights the need to study how schemata are put into use and how they evolve through new interpretations. Ensuing research questions are presented together with three strategies of applying the new approach in system design.

  4. The invention and institutionalization of local volunteer centres. A comparative analysis of Norway and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lars Skov; Lorentzen, Håkon

    Both Denmark and Norway have seen a remarkable growth in the number of local volunteer centres over the past twenty years. Volunteer centres are a new invention in the local welfare architecture. They aim to mobilize volunteers by either improving the visibility and accessibility of existing local......, thus, represent one of several efforts by governments in the Nordic countries to enhance and facilitate volunteering and support a greater role for voluntary and non-profit organizations in meeting welfare service demands. The background of this interest should be found in years between 1980 and 1990...... that volunteered did it for an organization they were a member of (Henriksen et al. 2008). Similar figures account for the Norwegian case. As such, no tradition exits for other actors to engage in recruitment and encouragement of volunteering. Second, the voluntary sector only plays a small and supplementary role...

  5. From invention to innovation: Commercialization of new technology by independent and small business inventors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1989-05-15

    This handbook emerged from the commitment of Energy-Related Inventions Program personnel to supporting the commercialization efforts of independent and small business inventors with new technologies. As you read this document, you will face questions that may seem far removed from technological concerns--questions about the market, your competition, your business structure, and about legal and regulatory requirements. These may seem peripheral to your present and future work. But, make no mistake, you must carefully and honestly consider and answer these if you expect to penetrate the market in sustained way and profit from your work. Over four hundred of your peers--some by success, others by failure--have shown us the lessons incorporated in this volume. By using it, and by commenting on it, you benefit from their collective experience, and make invaluable additions to it. 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. The invention of infertility in the classical Greek world: medicine, divinity, and gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flemming, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    The article examines the understandings of, and responses to, reproductive failure in the classical Greek world. It discusses explanations and treatments for non-procreation in a range of ancient Greek medical texts, focusing on the writings of the Hippocratic Corpus, which devote considerable energy to matters of fertility and generation, and places them alongside the availability of a divine approach to dealing with reproductive disruption, the possibility of asking various deities, including the specialist healing god Asclepius, for assistance in having children. Though the relations between these options are complex, they combine to produce a rich remedial array for those struggling with childlessness, the possibility that any impediment to procreation can be removed. Classical Greece, rather than the nineteenth century, or even 1978, is thus the time when "infertility," understood as an essentially reversible somatic state, was invented.

  7. Innovative method by design-around concepts with integrating the algorithm for inventive problem solving

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, Wang Chih; Chen Jahau Lewis

    2014-01-01

    The work proposes a new design tool that integrates design-around concepts with the algorithm for inventive problem solving (Russian acronym: ARIZ). ARIZ includes a complete procedure for analyzing problems and related resource, resolving conflicts and generating solutions. The combination of ARIZ and design-around concepts and understanding identified principles that govern patent infringements can prevent patent infringements whenever designers innovate, greatly reducing the cost and time associated with the product design stage. The presented tool is developed from an engineering perspective rather than a legal perspective, and so can help designers easily to prevent patent infringements and succeed in innovating by designing around. An example is used to demonstrate the proposed method.

  8. Choosing the Right Path: Image Schema Theory as a Foundation for Concept Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedblom, Maria M.; Kutz, Oliver; Neuhaus, Fabian

    2015-12-01

    Image schemas are recognised as a fundamental ingredient in human cognition and creative thought. They have been studied extensively in areas such as cognitive linguistics. With the goal of exploring their potential role in computational creative systems, we here study the viability of the idea to formalise image schemas as a set of interlinked theories. We discuss in particular a selection of image schemas related to the notion of `path', and show how they can be mapped to a formalised family of microtheories reflecting the different aspects of path following. Finally, we illustrate the potential of this approach in the area of concept invention, namely by providing several examples illustrating in detail in what way formalised image schema families support the computational modelling of conceptual blending.

  9. The Global Inventor Gap: Distribution and Equality of World-Wide Inventive Effort, 1990–2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toivanen, Hannes; Suominen, Arho

    2015-01-01

    Applying distance-to-frontier analysis, we have used 2.9 million patents and population data to assess whether the relative capacity of world countries and major regions to create new knowledge and technology has become globally more equal or less equal between 1990 and 2010. We show with the Gini coefficient that the global distribution of inventors has become more equal between major countries and regions. However, this trend has been largely due to the improved performance of only two major countries, China and India. The worst performing regions, totalling a population of almost 2 billion, are actually falling behind. Our results suggest that substantial parts of the global population have fallen further behind countries at the global frontier in their ability to create new knowledge and inventions, and that the catch-up among the least developed and middle-income countries is highly uneven, prompting questions about the nature and future of the global knowledge economy. PMID:25849202

  10. Patents and Publics: Engaging Museum Audiences with Issues of Ownership and Invention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James F. Stark

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available It is all very well to note the hyperbole about patents and ‘intellectual property’ in the recent battles between technology companies such as Apple, Samsung and HTC. But how can museums productively use collection items marked with a patent beyond workaday tasks of identification and cataloguing? We argue that information on patents can enhance visitors’ critical engagement with museum displays; complex ownership claims and counter-claims in patent disputes can underpin lively narratives based around museum objects. Asking why some objects and not others were patented, and how historical consumers responded to that status of ‘patented’ enables us to look at these objects afresh. In particular we analyse the responses of public consultation groups to patenting in the medical trade, as well as the engagement of museum staff with these issues. Such consultation processes offer information that can be used to enhance museum displays with engaging narratives of ownership and invention.

  11. Re-Inventing Teachers’ Competences at Early Childhood Education in Building Characters Needed for Global Competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karmila Machmud

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to elaborate and to re-invent the competencies needed by early childhood education teachers. Building children’s character from an early age is significant, but the main problem that is often overlooked is the contribution of Early Childhood Education teachers. Children’s character formation is largely determined by the quality of early childhood teachers. So if we want to instill character values required by our nations, the improvement of the quality of early childhood teachers is very significant. In terms of shaping children’s character, they should be equipped with some important skills and competences, because they have a significant role in building the Indonesian Children’s characters needed in global competition without abandoning their identity as a dignified Indonesian.

  12. Early Nineteenth-Century New Yorkers and the Invention of New York City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François WEIL

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse à l’« invention » de New York, dans la période antérieure à la Guerre de Sécession, et aux formes ou aux procédés qui suscitèrent l’émergence d’une nouvelle conscience de soi dans la ville. Il évoque d’abord les facteurs contradictoires qui contribuèrent au développement d’une culture littéraire et artistique. Il tente ensuite de montrer comment les new-yorkais traduisirent leur fierté ancestrale et leurs sentiments identitaires sous forme de recherches historiques et généalogiques. Enfin, il montre la manière dont certains ouvrages élaborèrent une nouvelle grammaire, une nouvelle image, afin d’esquisser les contours géographiques et sociologiques de la métropole naissante.This essay explores the « invention » of New York City in the antebellum era, or the parallel forms of cultural processes and elaborations that led to the emergence of a new sense of self-awareness in the city. It first evokes the contradictory ways in which a literary and artistic culture developed. It then attempts to reveal how New Yorkers translated their ancestral pride and identity feelings into historical and genealogical pursuits. It finally explores the way in which some works contributed to the creation of a new grammar, a new image, in order to draw the contours of the geography and sociology of the new metropolis.

  13. A study of inventiveness among Society of Interventional Radiology members and the impact of their social networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Kieran J; Elias, Gavin; Jaffer, Hussein; Mandani, Rashesh

    2013-07-01

    To investigate the nature of inventiveness among members of the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) and learn what influenced the inventors and assisted their creativity. The membership directory of the SIR was cross-referenced with filings at the United States Patent and Trademark Organization (USPTO) and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). The inventors were queried with an online survey to illuminate their institutions of training and practice as well as enabling or inhibiting factors to their inventiveness. Responses were analyzed through the construction of social network maps and thematic and graphical analysis. It was found that 457 members of the SIR held 2,492 patents or patent filings. After 1986, there was a marked and sustained increase in patent filings. The online survey was completed by 73 inventors holding 470 patents and patent filings. The social network maps show the key role of large academic interventional radiology departments and individual inventors in the formation of interconnectivity among inventors and the creation of the intellectual property (IP). Key inhibitors of the inventive process include lack of mentorship, of industry contacts, and of legal advice. Key enablers include mentorship, motivation, and industry contacts. Creativity and inventiveness in SIR members stem from institutions that are hubs of innovation and networks of key innovators; inventors are facilitated by personal motivation, mentorship, and strong industry contacts. Copyright © 2013 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. EPA-developed, patented technologies related to miscellaneous areas of environmental experties and invention that are available for licensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Under the Federal Technology Transfer Act (FTTA), Federal Agencies can patent inventions developed during the course of research. These technologies can then be licensed to businesses or individuals for further development and sale in the marketplace. These technologies relate to ecological research, human health, and manufacturing.

  15. The Impact of Guidance during Problem-Solving Prior to Instruction on Students' Inventions and Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loibl, Katharina; Rummel, Nikol

    2014-01-01

    Multiple studies have shown benefits of problem-solving prior to instruction (cf. Productive Failure, Invention) in comparison to direct instruction. However, students' solutions prior to instruction are usually erroneous or incomplete. In analogy to "guided" discovery learning, it might therefore be fruitful to lead students…

  16. The Travails of 19th-Century Urban Youth as a Precondition to the Invention of Modern Adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teeter, Ruskin

    1988-01-01

    One factor leading to the "invention" of modern adolescence was what the reformers saw as the corruption of youth by the city. The plight of youth set the stage for a child-saving movement during the last century, taking youth off the streets, putting them in schools, and stretching out the home-leaving age from 14 to 18. (Author/KS)

  17. The Associations among Preschool Children's Growth in Early Reading, Executive Function, and Invented Spelling Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chenyi; Bingham, Gary E.; Quinn, Margaret F.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine associations among children's emergent literacy (early reading), language, executive function (EF), and invented spelling skills across prekindergarten. Participants included 123, primarily African American, 4-year-old children enrolled in a variety of prekindergarten settings. In addition to…

  18. Examining the Relationship between Emergent Literacy Skills and Invented Spelling in Prekindergarten Spanish-Speaking Dual Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendergast, Meghan; Bingham, Gary; Patton-Terry, Nicole

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine associations among English and Spanish emergent literacy skills of prekindergarten (pre-K) Spanish-speaking dual language learners in relation to their English invented spelling. Study participants included 141 Spanish-speaking 4-year-old children enrolled in state-funded pre-K programs in a large…

  19. 75 FR 77624 - Intent To Grant an Exclusive License for U.S. Army Owned Inventions to Polymer Processing Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... produce the following inventions: ARDEC Reference 2006-043, and U.S. patent application 12/ 483420...; Niloufar Faridi; Linjie Zhu; Peter Bonnett; Howard Shimm; Elbert Caravaca; Joseph Palk. ARDEC Reference 2006-043 continuation (disclosure)-- ``Foamed Celluloid and Applications Therefor''. ARDEC Reference...

  20. Newly invented biobased materials from low-carbon, diverted waste fibers: research methods, testing, and full-scale application in a case study structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julee A Herdt; John Hunt; Kellen Schauermann

    2016-01-01

    This project demonstrates newly invented, biobased construction materials developed by applying lowcarbon, biomass waste sources through the Authors’ engineered fiber processes and technology. If manufactured and applied large-scale the project inventions can divert large volumes of cellulose waste into high-performance, low embodied energy, environmental construction...

  1. Roger Hayward and the Invention of the Two-Mirror Schmidt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, T. E.

    2005-12-01

    Roger Hayward (1899-1979), now virtually unknown, was a multitalented architect, scientific illustrator, and optical inventor. Remembered primarily for illustrating Scientific American magazine's Amateur Scientist column between 1949 and 1974, he also illustrated more than a dozen textbooks in optics, physics, geology, oceanography, and chemistry, several of which became classics in their fields. He designed façades with astronomical themes for major buildings in Los Angeles, California, and sculpted mammoth, realistic models of the moon for Griffith Observatory, Adler Planetarium, and Disneyland. Throughout his life, he recreationally painted watercolors and oils that at least one critic likened to the work of John Singer Sargent. Hayward is least known as an optical designer, yet he made significant contributions to the DU spectrophotometer that established the multimillion-dollar company Beckman Instruments. During the pre-radar days of World War II at Mount Wilson Observatory, Hayward invented a classified Cassegrain version of the Schmidt telescope especially adapted for nighttime infrared aerial photography, plus extraordinarily simple machines that allowed inexperienced soldiers to grind, polish, and test accurate aspheric Schmidt correcting plates at speeds compatible with mass production - and later received U.S. patents for them all. This paper, drawn in part from unpublished letters between Hayward and Albert G. Ingalls, will feature little-known images of Hayward's work.

  2. [Medical inventions: developments and approaches in employer-employee [correction of worker-employee] relations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teff, Zvi

    2012-11-01

    The past twenty years have witnessed a huge increase in research activity on the government health system in Israel. Consequently, a number of questions of enhanced importance arise: to whom the resultant IP (intellectual property) belongs?--to the researcher or the employer? and what compensation should the researcher receive for his inventive efforts? The government found many cases where the IP was registered in the name of the inventor/researcher, thus denying the government ownership of the IP. In 2009, the government sued Omryx over ownership of such an IP. Following these developments, the government issued new rules for management of IP in the government health system. They came into effect in November 2010. In many respects, the new rules are more stringent than the Israeli Patent Law in respect of the inventor. However, the stipulation of awards to the inventor in the new rules is generous. In order for the new rules to be enforceable, the following guidelines are recommended: The new rules should be more aligned with the Patent Law and with the meaning given to the Law by the judicial system, and There is need for the assent and awareness of health system workers to the conditions set out in the new rules, preferably in the form of new work contracts that clearly and concurrently delineate the worker's duties, particularly those pertaining to IP.

  3. The invention of the pilidium larva in an otherwise perfectly good spiralian phylum Nemertea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslakova, Svetlana A

    2010-11-01

    One of the most remarkable larval types among spiralians, and invertebrates in general, is the planktotrophic pilidium. The pilidium is found in a single clade of nemerteans, called the Pilidiophora, and appears to be an innovation of this group. All other nemerteans have either planktotrophic or lecithotrophic juvenile-like planuliform larvae or have direct development. The invention of the pilidium larva is associated with the formation of an extensive blastocoel that supports the delicate larval frame and elaborate ciliary band. Perhaps the most striking characteristic of the pilidium is the way the juvenile worm develops inside the larva from a series of isolated rudiments, called the imaginal discs. The paired cephalic discs, cerebral organ discs, and trunk discs originate as invaginations of larval epidermis and subsequently grow and fuse around the larval gut to form the juvenile. The fully formed juvenile ruptures the larval body and, more often than not, devours the larva during catastrophic metamorphosis. This review is an attempt to examine the pilidium in the context of recent data on development of non-pilidiophoran nemerteans, and speculate about the evolution of pilidial larval development. The author emphasizes the difference between the planuliform larvae of Palaeonemerteans and Hoplonemerteans, and suggest a new name for the hoplonemertean larvae--the decidula.

  4. An illustrated heuristic prototype facilitates scientific inventive problem solving: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Dandan; Li, Wenfu; Tang, Chaoying; Yang, Wenjing; Tian, Yan; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Meng; Qiu, Jiang; Liu, Yijun; Zhang, Qinglin

    2015-07-01

    Many scientific inventions (SI) throughout history were inspired by heuristic prototypes (HPs). For instance, an event or piece of knowledge similar to displaced water from a tub inspired Archimedes' principle. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this insightful problem solving are not very clear. Thus, the present study explored the neural correlates used to solve SI problems facilitated by HPs. Each HP had two versions: a literal description with an illustration (LDI) and a literal description with no illustration (LDNI). Thirty-two participants were divided randomly into these two groups. Blood oxygenation level-dependent fMRI contrasts between LDI and LDNI groups were measured. Greater activity in the right middle occipital gyrus (RMOG, BA19), right precentral gyrus (RPCG, BA4), and left middle frontal gyrus (LMFG, BA46) were found within the LDI group as compared to the LDNI group. We discuss these results in terms cognitive functions within these regions related to problem solving and memory retrieval. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. The invented Baja California: visions of a Mexican territory in the middle 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Mendoza Vargas

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the travels of Peter Gerhard and Ángel Bassols Batalla through the Baja California in the 1950s from a comparative perspective. From the theo-retical viewpoints of the history of geography and the geographical journey as sources of information and working method in situ, the observation and empirical knowledge of the territory are established. The traveling style of both authors involves a cultural consideration, since an invented space emerges before their eyes from their own experience in the peninsula. As a traveler, Peter Gerhard journeyed the peninsula seeking the ancient missions that distinguished Baja California. That is why he organized and integrated the information in a guide, in collaboration with Howard E. Gulick. He conceived the guide for tourists of the United States interested in this region so close to their country. Published in 1956, the guide became the most complete instrument for vacationists in general, and also for sport fishermen, hunters, explorers and campers.

  6. Inventário dos esquemas de gênero do autoconceito (IEGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Giavoni

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta a construção e validação do Inventário dos Esquemas de Gênero do Autoconceito (IEGA. Este instrumento avalia dois componentes do autoconceito - os esquemas masculino e feminino. Na etapa de construção foram levantadas e analisadas estatisticamente, características designadas à masculinidade e à feminilidade. Na etapa de validação, estas características passaram a compor as escalas masculina e feminina do IEGA. Em ambas as etapas, as amostras utilizadas foram compostas por estudantes universitários. Para a validade de construto foram realizadas análises fatoriais para ambas as escalas e análises da consistência interna dos fatores. Através do método Principal Axis Factoring (PAF e rotações oblíquas, as escalas masculina e feminina apresentaram estruturas multidimensionais. Devidamente validado, o IEGA pode ser utilizado para avaliar os esquemas masculino e feminino do autoconceito.

  7. The invention of WUS-like stem cell-promoting functions in plants predates leptosporangiate ferns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardmann, Judith; Werr, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    The growth of land plants depends on stem cell-containing meristems which show major differences in their architecture from basal to higher plant species. In Arabidopsis, the stem cell niches in the shoot and root meristems are promoted by WUSCHEL (WUS) and WOX5, respectively. Both genes are members of a non-ancestral clade of the WUS-related homeobox (WOX) gene family, which is absent in extant bryophytes and lycophytes. Our analyses of five fern species suggest that a single WUS orthologue was present in the last common ancestor (LCA) of leptosporangiate ferns and seed plants. In the extant fern Ceratopteris richardii, the WUS pro-orthologue marks the pluripotent cell fate of immediate descendants of the root apical initial, so-called merophytes, which undergo a series of stereotypic cell divisions and give rise to all cell types of the root except the root cap. The invention of a WUS-like function within the WOX gene family in an ancestor of leptosporangiate ferns and seed plants and its amplification and sub-functionalisation to different stem cell niches might relate to the success of seed plants, especially angiosperms.

  8. Bringing functions together with fusion enzymes--from nature's inventions to biotechnological applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elleuche, Skander

    2015-02-01

    It is a mammoth task to develop a modular protein toolbox enabling the production of posttranslational organized multifunctional enzymes that catalyze reactions in complex pathways. However, nature has always guided scientists to mimic evolutionary inventions in the laboratory and, nowadays, versatile methods have been established to experimentally connect enzymatic activities with multiple advantages. Among the oldest known natural examples is the linkage of two or more juxtaposed proteins catalyzing consecutive, non-consecutive, or opposing reactions by a native peptide bond. There are multiple reasons for the artificial construction of such fusion enzymes including improved catalytic activities, enabled substrate channelling by proximity of biocatalysts, higher stabilities, and cheaper production processes. To produce fused proteins, it is either possible to genetically fuse coding open reading frames or to connect proteins in a posttranslational process. Molecular biology techniques that have been established for the production of end-to-end or insertional fusions include overlap extension polymerase chain reaction, cloning, and recombination approaches. Depending on their flexibility and applicability, these methods offer various advantages to produce fusion genes in high throughput, different orientations, and including linker sequences to maximize the flexibility and performance of fusion partners. In this review, practical techniques to fuse genes are highlighted, enzymatic parameters to choose adequate enzymes for fusion approaches are summarized, and examples with biotechnological relevance are presented including a focus on plant biomass-degrading glycosyl hydrolases.

  9. A play´s libretto “Sami”. The invention of evil. A Halloween tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bernardo González León

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In an atmosphere of comedy, satire and play, we go through the most significant celestial event in the Western religious view on the myth of creation of the Universe, and the celestial battle between Luzbel who, out of pride, rebelled against God, desiring to be like him, and was expelled from heaven by the Archangel Michael as a punishment, along with the army of rebellious angels who were dragged by him (a group of innocent cherubim, being known from that time as the Fallen Angel: Bearer of Light; this is, the logos (who delivers the wisdom and the fire to men; but also becomes the supreme archetype of the Rebel, the first universal separatist and autonomist, for the sake of freedom and anarchy. And is in this polarisation of the medieval mind that appears what we know as evil: an invention of human culture. Here the classic characters of the Middle Ages are reinterpreted: God, the Death, demons, angels and cherubim, are mixed with classic Celtic spirits, fairies, witches, and Merlin, coinciding with the naturalistic and ecological spirit of the ";;new age” in a fun recreation of this ultimate contradiction.

  10. The self invented personality? Reflections on authenticity and writing analytic papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astor, James

    2005-09-01

    One of the great themes of American literature is the self-invented personality, whether it is Scott Fitzgerald's Gatsby or one of Philip Roth's alter egos, such as Nathaniel Zuckerman. This is just one of several approaches which novelists employ. They take a problem from life, perhaps their own, and then embark on solving the problem of the book-which is how to write about this. Sometimes, as in Tobias Wolff's novel Old School, the personality of the narrator is woven into an exploration of the creative process itself. Wolff's novel concerns itself not just with writing but with how to become a writer. I explore how this process is similar to both writing about analysis and becoming an analyst. In doing this I discuss issues of authenticity, fiction, art, the effects of identification, the power of the super-ego, supervision and learning, integrity of life and work, envy and the xenocidal impulse, the regulation of our profession and the loss of trust, and in so doing join in discussion with Plaut, Wharton, Tuckett and others about professional communications, the internal world and the mysteriousness of our relation to our internal objects.

  11. Inventário simplificado de qualidade de vida na epilepsia infantil: primeiros resultados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FERNANDES PAULA TEIXEIRA

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar como os pais percebem a qualidade de vida dos filhos epilépticos e se crenças relativas à epilepsia controlam a relação pais e filhos. MÉTODO: Foram aplicados 21 protocolos do "Inventário Simplificado de Qualidade de Vida na Epilepsia Infantil" em pais de crianças com 6 a 14 anos portadoras de epilepsia benigna da infância. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que 86% dos pais relataram crenças relativas à epilepsia. A maioria dos pais avaliou a qualidade de vida dos filhos como muito boa, mas relataram dificuldades no lidar com eles. Aparecem comportamentos de superproteção (62% e sentimentos de preocupação, medo e insegurança (90%. As crianças foram avaliadas como irritadas (52%, dependentes (38%, agitadas e inquietas (38%. No que diz respeito à escola, 33% das crianças freqüentam escolas especiais e apresentam dificuldades escolares e de relacionamento. CONCLUSÃO: Crenças e desinformação parecem controlar o comportamento dos pais na maneira de lidar com seus filhos epilépticos, gerando comportamentos inadequados, apesar disto, percebem a qualidade de vida dos mesmos como muito boa.

  12. Invention and Application of Synthetic Experiment System of Machine Equipment Fault Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Yu LIU

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available All kinds of faults were engendered during machine equipment working process. Diagnosing them accurately has important significance in actual production. The invention and manufacturing of the synthetic experiment system of machine equipment fault diagnosis filled in the blank of this kind of experiment equipment in China and obtained national practical new type patent. By the motor speed regulation system, machine equipment fault imitation system, measuring and monitoring system and analysis and diagnosis system of the synthetic experiment system, students can regulate motor speed arbitrarily, imitate multi-kinds of machine equipment parts fault, collect the signals of acceleration, speed, displacement, force and temperature and make multi-kinds of time field, frequency field and figure analysis. The application of the synthetic experiment system in our university’s teaching practice has obtained good effect on fostering professional eligibility in measuring, monitoring and fault diagnosis of machine equipment. If the systematic software was installed in portable computer, user can fulfill measuring, monitoring, signal processing and fault diagnosis on multi- kinds of field machine equipment conveniently. In this paper, the three dimensions waterfall spectrum matrix analysis was made on two compact mesh gears. Energy attenuation analysis was made on vibration signal. Wavelet analysis was made on bearing fault.

  13. From Invention to Innovation: Risk Analysis to Integrate One Health Technology in the Dairy Farm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardo, Andrea; Boselli, Carlo; Amatiste, Simonetta; Ninci, Simone; Frazzoli, Chiara; Dragone, Roberto; De Rossi, Alberto; Grasso, Gerardo; Mantovani, Alberto; Brajon, Giovanni

    2017-01-01

    Current Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) approaches mainly fit for food industry, while their application in primary food production is still rudimentary. The European food safety framework calls for science-based support to the primary producers' mandate for legal, scientific, and ethical responsibility in food supply. The multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary project ALERT pivots on the development of the technological invention (BEST platform) and application of its measurable (bio)markers-as well as scientific advances in risk analysis-at strategic points of the milk chain for time and cost-effective early identification of unwanted and/or unexpected events of both microbiological and toxicological nature. Health-oriented innovation is complex and subject to multiple variables. Through field activities in a dairy farm in central Italy, we explored individual components of the dairy farm system to overcome concrete challenges for the application of translational science in real life and (veterinary) public health. Based on an HACCP-like approach in animal production, the farm characterization focused on points of particular attention (POPAs) and critical control points to draw a farm management decision tree under the One Health view (environment, animal health, food safety). The analysis was based on the integrated use of checklists (environment; agricultural and zootechnical practices; animal health and welfare) and laboratory analyses of well water, feed and silage, individual fecal samples, and bulk milk. The understanding of complex systems is a condition to accomplish true innovation through new technologies. BEST is a detection and monitoring system in support of production security, quality and safety: a grid of its (bio)markers can find direct application in critical points for early identification of potential hazards or anomalies. The HACCP-like self-monitoring in primary production is feasible, as well as the biomonitoring of live

  14. From Invention to Innovation: Risk Analysis to Integrate One Health Technology in the Dairy Farm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Lombardo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Current Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP approaches mainly fit for food industry, while their application in primary food production is still rudimentary. The European food safety framework calls for science-based support to the primary producers’ mandate for legal, scientific, and ethical responsibility in food supply. The multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary project ALERT pivots on the development of the technological invention (BEST platform and application of its measurable (biomarkers—as well as scientific advances in risk analysis—at strategic points of the milk chain for time and cost-effective early identification of unwanted and/or unexpected events of both microbiological and toxicological nature. Health-oriented innovation is complex and subject to multiple variables. Through field activities in a dairy farm in central Italy, we explored individual components of the dairy farm system to overcome concrete challenges for the application of translational science in real life and (veterinary public health. Based on an HACCP-like approach in animal production, the farm characterization focused on points of particular attention (POPAs and critical control points to draw a farm management decision tree under the One Health view (environment, animal health, food safety. The analysis was based on the integrated use of checklists (environment; agricultural and zootechnical practices; animal health and welfare and laboratory analyses of well water, feed and silage, individual fecal samples, and bulk milk. The understanding of complex systems is a condition to accomplish true innovation through new technologies. BEST is a detection and monitoring system in support of production security, quality and safety: a grid of its (biomarkers can find direct application in critical points for early identification of potential hazards or anomalies. The HACCP-like self-monitoring in primary production is feasible, as well as the

  15. Funcionamento Diferencial do Item no Inventário de Depressão Beck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Maris de Jezus Castro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos estudos mostram o Funcionamento Diferencial do Item (DIF em itens do Inventário de Depressão Beck (BDI, ao compararem homens e mulheres. A presença de um grande número de itens com DIF no BDI é uma severa ameaça à validade da medida da intensidade de sintomas depressivos obtida pela Teoria da Resposta ao Item (TRI e às conclusões baseadas nos escores derivados dos itens com e sem DIF. OBJETIVO: Os objetivos deste estudo foram identificar esses itens do BDI, ajustar o modelo de TRI para itens constrangedores (modelo 2, o qual acomoda itens com a presença de DIF, e comparar esses resultados com os do ajuste do modelo logístico de dois parâmetros tradicional da TRI (modelo 1. MÉTODOS: Os resultados obtidos com ambos os modelos foram comparados. RESULTADOS: Os itens que apresentaram DIF foram: tristeza, sentimento de fracasso, insatisfações, culpa, punição, choro, fatigabilidade e perda da libido. Os resultados do ajuste dos dois modelos são similares quanto à discriminação, gravidade (à exceção dos itens com DIF e no cálculo de escores para os indivíduos. Apesar disso, o modelo 2 é vantajoso, pois mostra as diferenças em gravidade do sintoma depressivo para os grupos avaliados, trazendo, dessa forma, mais informação ao pesquisador sobre a população estudada. CONCLUSÃO: Esse modelo, que tem um alcance mais amplo em termos de população-alvo, pode ser uma ótima alternativa na identificação e acompanhamento de indivíduos com potencial depressivo.

  16. From the African Coast, the invention of two territories: Equatorial Guinea and Ivory Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adjoa Nathalie Chiyé Kessé

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available From the African coast starts Latin American history and part of Europe’s. This article includes a comprehensive analysis on the cultural influence of Africa especially Equatorial Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire in Latin America. From the first European incursions into African coast (xvi century and throughout the colonial era, the paper highlights interethnic relations that occurred following the meeting and coexistence between cultures of both continents, an analysis that is essential to study the survival of traditions, beliefs and African customs that survive today in many regions of Latin America. Considering the importance now given to the recovery of identity traits of the past for studies of multi-ethnicity and re-construction of identities, this article can be used by researchers at Afro-descendance, notable in Latin America, whose research is related to African identity traits in their respective nations. Equatorial Guinea was a Spanish colony along with the Protectorate of Morocco and Western Sahara. The duration of this colony ran from 1885 to 1968. In 1926, it became the Spanish Guinea, and in 1968 it acquired its independance from Spain while retaining the Spanish cultural architecture. Furthermore, the French presence in this first stage of the conquest in Côte d’Ivoire, is provided by the army. The colonial authorities in Paris were not yet sufficiently organized to move their representatives to what was then known as the Poor or Bad People Coast or Coast of teeth. It was the military from Senegal, as base of the French colonial army who assumed the conquest and organization of the Ivorian territory for immediate exploitation of economic resources. It is this improvised framework without legal planning, which led to the idea of the invention of Africa supported by Valentin Mudimbe (1988 and Achille Mbembe (2000.

  17. Computer-Aided TRIZ Ideality and Level of Invention Estimation Using Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Christopher; Tate, Derrick

    Patent textual descriptions provide a wealth of information that can be used to understand the underlying design approaches that result in the generation of novel and innovative technology. This article will discuss a new approach for estimating Degree of Ideality and Level of Invention metrics from the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) using patent textual information. Patent text includes information that can be used to model both the functions performed by a design and the associated costs and problems that affect a design’s value. The motivation of this research is to use patent data with calculation of TRIZ metrics to help designers understand which combinations of system components and functions result in creative and innovative design solutions. This article will discuss in detail methods to estimate these TRIZ metrics using natural language processing and machine learning with the use of neural networks.

  18. Invention de soi et compétences à l’ère des réseaux sociaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Apollon

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Les réseaux sociaux en ligne encouragent de nouvelles approches de la compétence centrées sur la construction biographique de l’individu et l’invention de soi. Ce nouvel art de faire des « produsagers », répond au besoin d’inventer une réponse individuelle et collective au sentiment aliénant de vacuité des sociétés post-industrielles et post-traditionnelles. Combinant opposition et soumission aux éléments structurants et aliénants de cette modernité tardive, ces produsagers réactualisent diverses ruses, tactiques et schèmes immémoriaux déjà explorés par divers auteurs avant Internet. Sur cette toile de fond, l’auteur propose une réinterprétation plus large de la notion de compétence.Social media practices encourage new approaches and visions of competence focusing on the construction of individual biography and the "invention of oneself". The new "artful skills" of "produsers" address the need to invent individual and collective responses to the sense of alienating emptiness pervading postindustrial and posttraditional societies. Combining and submission and opposition to both structuring and alienating aspects of late modernity, these produsagers actualize various tricks, tactics and immemorial schemes already mapped by various authors before the Internet. On this backdrop the author proposes a broader reinterpretation of the concept of competence.

  19. Pierre Sikivie from the University of Florida invented the working principle of all magnetic axion telescopes, such as CAST.

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2006-01-01

    The possible existence of axions in the universe means that they are a candidate for (very) cold dark matter, as another axion pioneer, Pierre Sikivie, from the University of Florida explained during the first Joint ILIAS-CAST-CERN Axion Training workshop. He also described the technique that he invented in 1983 for detecting axions. The idea is that axions in the galactic halo may be resonantly converted to microwave photons in a cavity permeated by a strong magnetic field.

  20. Patents on inventions related to human embryonic stem cells: the morality clause after Brüstle v. Greenpeace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panis, Sarah

    2013-09-01

    This paper analyses the meaning of Article 6, para. 2, sub c of the Biotechnology Directive prohibiting patents on inventions using human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes. It first examines the evolution ofthe Court of Justice ofthe EU's interpretation of this provision (which is part of the morality clause) and focuses on its most recent decision, Brüstle v. Greenpeace. This is considered a landmark case for three reasons: firstly, because it defines for the first time the term "embryo" in patent law; secondly, because it is the Court of Justice (and not EPO) that ruled on patent law; the third reason is its very broad interpretation of the morality exclusion. The exclusion is no longer limited to embryos but is extended to (even banked) embryonic stem cells and all downstream products made with them. It then looks into the consequences for the patentability of inventions using cells derived from human embryonic stem cells, such as Brüstle's invention. The recent decision by Germany's Federal Court of Justice on the validity of Brüstle's patent emphasises the limited influence on the patentability of those inventions. After that, the paper addresses possible cuts in funding stem cell research and even legislative bans of this type of research. This is followed by an evaluation of the existence and content of the morality exclusion. After a comparative analysis with the US, which is lacking in such morality exclusion, the paper concludes that the morality clause as a whole paid its dues but the provision on the use of human embryos is questionable as there is no European consensus against the use of human embryos for industrial or commercial purposes.

  1. Towards Urban Resilience through Inter-City Networks of Co-Invention: A Case Study of U.S. Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Der-Shiuan Lee

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge creation involves social and collaborative processes with local and extra-local partners. The space of knowledge flows functions as a system of networks where knowledge is transmitted around different alignments of agents in distant places. Scholars argue that the concept of urban resilience combines local and extra-local competencies to develop an inter-city system, this is a major strategy for cities to mitigate and adapt to climate change and economic recession. Little attention has been given to the role of networks in co-invention and few empirical studies have been conducted. This article provides insights into the structure of inter-city networks of co-invention by examining the relative importance of the network compared with spatial proximity in biotechnology co-patenting across 150 American cities from 1983 to 2013. Results show that the U.S. inter-city structure gradually becomes more explicit, apparent, and identifiable in the network-based system. Network proximity better defines the biotechnology co-patenting relationships among the U.S. cities compared with spatial proximity. The current inter-city networks of co-invention are mostly regional, with some national but few local ties. This structure provides a way to develop mitigation and adaptation policies for climate disasters or economic recessions.

  2. The inventions technology on water resources to support environmental engineering based infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunjoto, S.

    2017-03-01

    Since the Stockholm Declaration, declared on the United Nation Conference on the Human Environment in Sweden on 5-16 June 1972 and attended the 113 country delegations, all the infrastructure construction should comply the sustainable development. As a consequence, almost research and studies were directing to the environmental aspect of construction including on water resources engineering. This paper will present the inventions which are very useful for the design of infrastructure, especially on the Groundwater engineering. This field has been rapidly developed since the publication of the well known law of flow through porous materials by Henri Darcy in 1856 on his book "Les fontaine publiques de la ville de Dijon". This law states that the discharge through porous media is proportional to the product of the hydraulic gradient, the cross-sectional area normal to the flow and the coefficient of permeability of the material. Forchheimer in 1930 developed a breakthrough formula by simplifying solution in a steady state flow condition especially in the case of radial flow to compute the permeability coefficient of casing hole or tube test with zero inflow discharge. The outflow discharge on the holes is equal to shape factor of tip of casing (F) multiplied by coefficient of permeability of soils (K) and multiplied by hydraulic head (H). In 1988, Sunjoto derived an equation in unsteady state flow condition based on this formula. In 2002, Sunjoto developed several formulas of shape factor as the parameters of the equation. In the beginning this formula is implemented to compute for the dimension of recharge well as the best method of water conservation for the urban area. After a long research this formula can be implemented to compute the drawdown on pumping or coefficient of permeability of soil by pumping test. This method can substitute the former methods like Theis (1935), Cooper-Jacob (1946), Chow (1952), Glover (1966), Papadopulos-Cooper (1967), Todd (1980

  3. On the Structure of Rationality in the Thought and Invention or Creation of Physical Theories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Paty

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available We want to consider anew the question, which is recurrent along the history of philosophy, of the relationship between rationality and mathematics, by inquiring to which extent the structuration of rationality, which ensures the unity of its function under a variety of forms (and even according to an evolution of these forms, could be considered as homeomorphic with that of mathematical thought, taken in its movement and made concrete in its theories. This idea, which is as old as philosophy itself, although it has not been dominant, has still been present to some degree in the thought of modern science, in Descartes as well as in Kant, Poincaré or Einstein (and a few other scientists and philosophers. It has been often harshly questioned, notably in the contemporaneous period, due to the failure of the logistic programme, as well as to the variety of “empirical” knowledges, and, in a general way, to the character of knowledges that show them as transitory, evolutive and mind-built. However, the analysis of scientific thought through its inventive and creative processes leads to characterize this thought as a type of rational form whose configurations can be detailed rather precisely. In this work we shall propose, first, a quick sketch of some philosophical requirements for such a research programme, among which the need for an harmonization, and even a conciliation, between the notions of rational (or rationality, of intuitive grasp and of creative thought. Then we shall examine some processes of creative scientific thought bearing on the knowledge and the understanding of the world, distinct from mathematics although keeping tight relations with them. Contemporary physical theories are privileged witnesses in this respect, for in them the rational thought of phenomena makes an intrinsic use of mathematical thought, which contributes to the structuration of the formers and to the expression of their concepts (which entails the physical

  4. Inventing Wastewater: The Social and Scientific Construction of Effluent in the Northeastern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brideau, J. M.; Ng, M.; Hoover, J. H.; Hale, R. L.; Thomas, B.; Vogel, R. M.; Northeast ConsortiumHydrologic Synthesis Summer Institute, 2010--Biogeochemistry

    2010-12-01

    Title: Inventing Wastewater: The Social and Scientific Construction of Effluent in the Northeastern United States Authors: Jeffrey Brideau, Melissa Ng, Joseph Hoover, Rebecca Hale, Brian Thomas, and Richard Vogel Presented by: Jeffrey Brideau B.A., M.A., PhD Candidate, Department of History, University of Maryland Regulation of pollution is a prevalent part of contemporary American society. Scientists and policy makers have established acceptable effluent thresholds, with the ostensible goal of protecting human and stream health. However, this ubiquity of regulation is a recent phenomenon, and institutional mechanisms for effluent control were virtually non-existent in the early 20th century. Nonetheless, these same decades witnessed the emergence of nascent efforts at water pollution abatement. This project aims to explore social and scientific perceptions of wastewater, and begins with the simple premise that socio-cultural values underlay human decision-making in water management, and that wastewater is imbued with a matrix of human values that are continuously renegotiated. So what were the primary motivations for abatement efforts? Were they aesthetic and olfactory, or scientific concern for public and stream health? This paper proposes that there are social as well as scientific thresholds for pollutant loads. Collaborating with a team of interdisciplinary researchers we have created and aggregated discrete data sets to model, using export coefficient and linear regression modeling techniques, historic pollutant loading in the Northeastern United States. Concurrently, we have drawn on historical narratives of agitation by abatement advocates, nuisance laws, regulatory regimes, and changing scientific understanding; and contrasting the modeling results with these narratives allows this project to quantitatively determine where social thresholds lay in relation to their scientific counterparts. This project’s novelty lies in its use of existing narratives of

  5. AN ANTHOLOGY OF THE DISTINGUISHED ACHIEVEMENTS IN A SCIENCE AND TECHNIQUE. PART 23: INVENTION OF MICROSCOPE AND STUDY OF MICROSCOPIC WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.I. Baranov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A short essay is resulted from world history of invention of microscopes. The basic types of microscopes are described; directions and some results of their application are indicated at the study of microscopic world.

  6. AN ANTHOLOGY OF THE DISTINGUISHED ACHIEVEMENTS IN A SCIENCE AND TECHNIQUE. PART 23: INVENTION OF MICROSCOPE AND STUDY OF MICROSCOPIC WORLD

    OpenAIRE

    M.I. Baranov

    2014-01-01

    A short essay is resulted from world history of invention of microscopes. The basic types of microscopes are described; directions and some results of their application are indicated at the study of microscopic world.

  7. Fuzzy Cognitive Map-based selection of TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem Solving) trends for eco-innovation of ceramic industry products

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal, Rosario; Salmerón, José Luís; Mena Nieto, Angel Isidro; Chulvi Ramos, Vicente

    2015-01-01

    Several studies have been developed implementing TRIZ (Russian acronym of Theory of Inventive Problem Solving) for eco-innovative design tasks, es- tablishing a link between eco-efficiency and the Inventive Principles and the Contradiction Matrix. However, very few works have linked TRIZ evolution trends and eco-design. This paper presents an innovative methodology to help designers to pre- dict technological evolutions for more environmentally friendly products. The main novelty of our pr...

  8. Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation and the Sources of Breakthrough Inventions: Evidence from a Data-Set of R&D Awards

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Fontana; Alessandro Nuvolari; Hiroshi Shimitzu; Andrea Vezzulli

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between Schumpeterian patterns of innovation and the generation of breakthrough inventions. Our data source for breakthrough inventions is the “R&D 100 awards” competition organized each year by the magazine Research & Development. Since 1963, this magazine has been awarding this prize to 100 most technologically significant new products available for sale or licensing in the year preceding the judgment. We use instead USPTO patent data to measure the r...

  9. The inventions in nanotechnological area increase the efficiency of construction, housing and communal services and adjacent economic fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The review gives brief description of inventions in nanotechnological area: the production method for silver nanoparticles with modified ligand shell in highviscosity matrix (RU 2526967; structures containing molecular structures with high aspect ratio and the production methods for them (RU 2526969; preconcentrator of the samples (RU 2526972; antifrictional composition (RU 2526989; conglutination composition for metal articles (RU 2526991; thin dispersed organic suspension of metal/carbon nanocomposite and the production method for it (RU 2527218; composite ion-exchange membrane (RU 2527236; pigment based on modified titanium dioxide powder (RU 2527262; the method of production of microballs and microspheres (RU 2527427; the method for strengthening metal products with nanostructured surface layers (RU 2527511; the method of production of sensitive element of gas detector with carbon nanotubes (RU 2528032; cutting plate (RU 2528288 etc. The inventions in the nanotechnological area can cause significant effects on construction, housing and communal services and adjacent fields of economy: reduced hardening time and increased durability of adhesive joints, increased wear-resistance of cutting plates, increased strength of materials under compressive forces, descreased detail tearing, etc. For example, composition for glueing metal products (RU 2526991 contains anaerobic mastic AH-111 and the filler – carbon nanotubes «Taunit-M». The invention shortens hardening time and increases the durability of adhesive joints. Cutting plate (RU 2528288 contains the base made of hard alloy and sprayed on it wear-resistant layer of nanostructured tungsten carbide and nanostructured niobium carbide which grain size is 20–50 nm, and their ratio, mass.%: nanostructured tungsten carbide 90, nanostructured niobium carbide – the rest. That increases wear-resistance of cutting plates, especially in hard cutting modes.

  10. Efeito de borda no inventário pré-corte de um povoamento Eucalyptus sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Ludmila Pires

    2016-01-01

    O estudo analisou a influência de alocar parcelas em diferentes pontos do talhão com a finalidade de um inventário pré-corte, utilizando dois arranjos de intensidade amostral e tamanho de parcela, diferentes métodos de amostragem (Casual Simples – ACS ou Sistemática – AS), forma de parcela (retangular ou circular) e localização da parcela no talhão (borda, borda e centro e apenas no centro). Foi realizado um censo no talhão, onde foram mensuradas todas as circunferências à 1,30...

  11. Colours in black and white: the depiction of lightness and brightness in achromatic engravings before the invention of photography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavagno, Daniele; Massironi, Manfredo

    2006-01-01

    What is it like to see the world in black and white? In the pioneer days of cinema, when movies displayed grey worlds, was it true that no 'colours' were actually seen? Did every object seen in those projections appear grey in the same way? The answer is obviously no--people in those glorious days were seeing a world full of light, shadows, and objects in which colours were expressed in terms of lightness. But the marvels of grey worlds have not always been so richly displayed. Before the invention of photography, the depiction of scenes in black-and-white had to face some technical and perceptual challenges. We have studied the technical and perceptual constraints that XV-XVIII century engravers had to face in order to translate actual colours into shades of grey. An indeterminacy principle is considered, according to which artists had to prefer the representation of some object or scene features over others (for example brightness over lightness). The reasons for this lay between the kind of grey scale technically available and the kind of information used in the construction of 3-D scenes. With the invention of photography, photomechanical reproductions, and new printing solutions, artists had at their disposal a continuous grey scale that greatly reduces the constraints of the indeterminacy principle.

  12. Inventions in nanotechnological field provide increased strength and life span of the metal, composite and polymer, metallopolymer structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLASOV Vladimir Alexeevich

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The invention «The method of dispersion of nanoparticles in epoxy resin (RU 2500706» refers to nanotechnological field and it can be applied in different areas of machine industry, transport, construction, power engineering to increase strength and life span of the structures made of metal, composite and polymer, metallopolymer materials, for glue and glue and mechanical joints in different structure elements as well as for compositions which strengthen the stress concentration zones (in the form of holes, cutouts, fillet, thickness differentials in structures, to reform defects, microcracks and other damages occurring in production and performance of structures, to eliminate and encapsulate the gaps in holes and meeting-points of bolted and riveted joints. The invention «The method to produce nanosuspension for manufacturing polymer nanocomposite (RU 2500695» refers to the area of production of polymer nanocomposites based on reactiveplastic binder for space, aircraft, construction and other types of structures (glass-fiber plastic, carbon reinforced plastic, organic plastic, etc.. The method includes preparation of nanosuspension by introducing carbon nanotubes into reactiveplastic binder under ultrasonic treatment with intensity cavity zone 15–25 kW/m². The method makes it possible to optimize the degree of dispersion of carbon nanotubes in binder and to shorten production time of nanocomposites possessing increased strength due to even distribution of nanoparticles in nanocomposite.

  13. Inventário e patrimônio cultural no Brasil Inventory and cultural patrimony in the Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Gilberto Ramos Nogueira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A desmaterialização do patrimônio cultural recolocou a necessidade dos inventários como instrumentos de reconhecimento da diversidade cultural e ponto de partida para as políticas públicas de patrimônio. Assim, refazer a trajetória de Mário de Andrade na constituição do Inventário dos Sentidos é buscar as origens da formulação de uma noção de patrimônio e de uma concepção de preservação que coloque o inventário no centro da prática preservacionista (principalmente quando se trata de patrimônio não tangível legitimando-o como instrumento de preservação em si e não apenas como ferramenta de gestão para bens já tombados. Signo das narrativas modernistas de construção da brasilidade, está em sua gênese, articulada às "viagens de (redescoberta do Brasil" (1924, 1927 e 19281929 e posteriormente objetivada nas ações do Departamento de Cultura de São Paulo (1935-1938.The dematerialization of cultural patrimony has brought back the necessity of inventories as tools for the recognition of cultural diversity and the starting point for public policies of patrimony. Thus, retracing the trajectory of Mario de Andrade in the constitution of the Inventory of the Senses means searching for the origins of the formulation of a notion of patrimony and of a conception of preservation which puts the inventory in the center of a preservation practice (especially with regards to non-tangible patrimony legitimizing it as a tool for preservation itself and not only as a managing tool for assets already registered. Signal of the modernist narrative of the construction of a "Brazilianness", it is in its genesis, articulated to the "re-discovery travels to Brazil (1924, 1927, and 1928/1929 and, later on, objectified in the actions of the Culture Bureau of São Paulo (1935-1938.

  14. "I remember when we stayed still and the computer still made lines": Young children's invented and conventional representations of motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jason

    This dissertation concerns kindergarteners' and second graders' invented representations of motion, their interactions with conventional representations of motion built from the child's movement in front of a motion detector and using real-time graphing tools, and any changes in the invented representations that this interaction brings about. We have known for several decades that advanced learners (high school aged and beyond) struggle with physics concepts of motion and sometimes Cartesian graph-based representations of motion. Little has been known about how younger students approach the same concepts. In this study, eighteen children (10 kindergarteners and eight second graders) completed a three-hour clinical interview spread out evenly over three weeks. In the first and last interviews, the child was asked to produce external representations of movement and interpret conventional distance and time graphs of motion. In the second interview the children interacted with a motion detector and real-time graphing tools in a semi-self-directed format. Qualitative and quantitative results are presented and discussed. Qualitative data shows that children are adroit at representing motion and their productions are systematic and purposeful. Children produce drawings that both give context to the physical environment around them and also redescribe the drawn environment, meaning that they provide a potential audience with information otherwise imperceptible, by making certain implicit aspects more explicit. Second graders quickly appropriate the Cartesian graph during the intervention, though at times misinterpret the meaning associated with slope. Children correctly associate slope with direction, but at times misattribute sign of slope (positive or negative) and its corresponding direction (i.e. some children do not ascribe positive slope with motion away from a point of reference, but toward it). Kindergarteners showed a range of experiences during the intervention

  15. How Search in Science Impacts on the Value of Inventions at Early and Late Stages in the R&D cycle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beukel, Karin; Valentin, Finn; Lund Jensen, Rasmus

    The literatures on innovation and organizational learning have identified search in prior science and technology as critical inputs to industrial R&D. Efforts to distinguish the contributions - separately and combined - of these two search orientations are scarce, and quantitative estimates offer...... contradictory results. The contributions to R&D from science are particularly elusive. To achieve some transparency on these issues we study R&D in biotech drug discovery, where the role of science is pervasive and structured into a recurrent sequence of inventions required to build a drug candidate....... The patents filed on these inventions offer, through their citations to prior art, a fine-grained view of the role of science along the R&D cycle. Applying a unique text-mining algorithm we categorize a set of 1,058 patens from Scandinavian drug discovery firms into six types of drug-related inventions. Tests...

  16. [Inventive activity of the Department of Metabolism Regulation of the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of NAS of Ukraine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danilova, V M; Vynogradova, R P; Chernysh, I G; Petrenko, T M

    2016-01-01

    The article is devoted to the inventive activity of the Department of Metabolism Regulation of the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of NAS of Ukraine in the context of the history of its inception, development and the research activities of its founder, academician of NAS of Ukraine M. F. Guly as well as his students and followers. It briefly tells about practical achievements of M. F. Guly which were as significant, immense and diverse as his scientific accomplishments. The paper analyses in detail the practical results of scientific research of his students and followers aimed to solve practical problems of medicine, food-processing, agriculture, and which are essentially a continuation of the ideas and projects of M. F. Guly.

  17. Revocation of European patent for neural progenitors highlights patent challenges for inventions relating to human embryonic stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigby, Barbara

    2013-11-01

    Cells derived from human embryonic stem cells have great therapeutic potential. Patents are key to allowing companies that develop methods of generating such cells to recuperate their investment. However, in Europe, inventions relating to the use of human embryos for commercial purposes are excluded from patentability on moral grounds. The scope of this morality exclusion was recently tested before Germany's highest court and before the European Patent Office (EPO), with diverging results. The decision by the EPO's Opposition Division to revoke EP1040185 relating to neural precursors and methods for their generation has received a mixed reception. The decision has very recently been appealed, and the outcome of this Appeal should provide more definitive guidance on the scope of the morality exclusion.

  18. Adaptação transcultural Portugal-Brasil do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a adaptação transcultural da versão em português do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes e investigar sua confiabilidade, validade e invariância transcultural. MÉTODOS: A validação de face envolveu participação de equipe multidisciplinar. Foi realizada validação de conteúdo. A versão em português foi preenchida em 2009, pela internet, por 958 estudantes universitários brasileiros e 556 portugueses da zona urbana. Realizou-se análise fatorial confirmatória utilizando-se como índices de ajustamento o χ²/df, o comparative fit index (CFI, goodness of fit index (GFI e o root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA. Para verificação da estabilidade da solução fatorial conforme a versão original em inglês, realizou-se validação cruzada em 2/3 da amostra total e replicada no 1/3 restante. A validade convergente foi estimada pela variância extraída média e confiabilidade composta. Avaliou-se a validade discriminante e a consistência interna foi estimada pelo coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. A validade concorrente foi estimada por análise correlacional da versão em português e dos escores médios do Inventário de Burnout de Copenhague; a divergente foi comparada à Escala de Depressão de Beck. Foi avaliada a invariância do modelo entre a amostra brasileira e a portuguesa. RESULTADOS: O modelo trifatorial de Exaustão, Descrença e Eficácia apresentou ajustamento adequado (χ²/df = 8,498; CFI = 0,916; GFI = 0,902; RMSEA = 0,086. A estrutura fatorial foi estável (λ: χ²dif = 11,383, p = 0,50; Cov: χ²dif = 6,479, p = 0,372; Resíduos: χ²dif = 21,514, p = 0,121. Observou-se adequada validade convergente (VEM = 0,45;0,64, CC = 0,82;0,88, discriminante (ρ² = 0,06;0,33 e consistência interna (α = 0,83;0,88. A validade concorrente da versão em português com o Inventário de Copenhague foi adequada (r = 0,21;0,74. A avaliação da validade divergente do instrumento foi prejudicada

  19. Inventário de Suporte Organizacional à Aprendizagem: Desenvolvimento e Evidências de Validação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Chaves Correia-Lima

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Desenvolveu-se, testou-se e validou-se um inventário (ISOA composto pela Escala de Suportes Organizacionais à Aquisição de Competências (ESOAC e pela Escala de Suportes Organizacionais à Transferência para o Trabalho (ESOTT. Subdivididos em material e psicossocial, suportes correspondem ao apoio organizacional para a aprendizagem individual. A partir de revisão de escalas de suportes nacionais e internacionais, elaborou-se o inventário, submetendo-o à validação de seu conteúdo (análise de juízes e pré-testes. Para a validação de construto foram aplicadas análises fatoriais exploratórias (Estudo 1 e confirmatórias (Estudo 2 a resultados coletados em um banco público e em uma Organização Não Governamental, respectivamente. O Estudo 1 permitiu propor escalas com parâmetros adequados de validade e confiabilidade para medir os constructos. O Estudo 2 confirma, por Análises Fatoriais Confirmatórias, a adequação das escalas. Contribui-se para a literatura sobre aprendizagem nas organizações na medida em que são apresentados instrumentos com evidências de validade e confiabilidade dos suportes à aprendizagem e à transferência, diferenciados porque relacionam os suportes recebidos a experiências específicas (não genéricas e interrelacionadas de aprendizagem (aquisição/retenção e a transferências dessas aprendizagens para o trabalho.

  20. Invention and validation of an automated camera system that uses optical character recognition to identify patient name mislabeled samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawker, Charles D; McCarthy, William; Cleveland, David; Messinger, Bonnie L

    2014-03-01

    Mislabeled samples are a serious problem in most clinical laboratories. Published error rates range from 0.39/1000 to as high as 1.12%. Standardization of bar codes and label formats has not yet achieved the needed improvement. The mislabel rate in our laboratory, although low compared with published rates, prompted us to seek a solution to achieve zero errors. To reduce or eliminate our mislabeled samples, we invented an automated device using 4 cameras to photograph the outside of a sample tube. The system uses optical character recognition (OCR) to look for discrepancies between the patient name in our laboratory information system (LIS) vs the patient name on the customer label. All discrepancies detected by the system's software then require human inspection. The system was installed on our automated track and validated with production samples. We obtained 1 009 830 images during the validation period, and every image was reviewed. OCR passed approximately 75% of the samples, and no mislabeled samples were passed. The 25% failed by the system included 121 samples actually mislabeled by patient name and 148 samples with spelling discrepancies between the patient name on the customer label and the patient name in our LIS. Only 71 of the 121 mislabeled samples detected by OCR were found through our normal quality assurance process. We have invented an automated camera system that uses OCR technology to identify potential mislabeled samples. We have validated this system using samples transported on our automated track. Full implementation of this technology offers the possibility of zero mislabeled samples in the preanalytic stage.

  1. Evidências de Validade de um Inventário de Competências Empreendedoras para Empresários Juniores

    OpenAIRE

    Makhamed, Yasmin Makhamid; Bendassolli, Pedro F.

    2017-01-01

    Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi verificar evidências de validade de um inventário de competências empreendedoras para empresários juniores no contexto brasileiro. Foram participantes 796 empresários juniores que responderam um survey online contendo o inventário de competências empreendedoras do Man e Lau, previamente adaptado para o português de Portugal e readaptado para o português brasileiro neste estudo. Foram realizadas análises fatoriais exploratórias (AFE) e confirmatórias (AFC) com d...

  2. Re-inventing food: Alpine cheese in the age of global heritage. Re-inventing food:Le fromage alpin à l'ère de la globalisation du patrimoine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Grasseni

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le concept d’héritage culturel, ou patrimoine immatériel, est appliqué avec succès à l’alimentation, surtout dans les domaines de la consommation soutenable et critique, de la production traditionnelle et organique et du développement local. Néanmoins, ce processus exige un certain niveau de standardisation de la nourriture et des images associées adressées au grand public. La réinvention de la nourriture peut engendrer des stratégies d’auto-redécouverte qui impliquent une nouvelle lecture des histoires locales et des paysages, ainsi que la ré-évaluation du patrimoine intangible, mais tout ceci ne se passe pas dans un vide historique et juridique. Au contraire, les technicités commerciales et logistiques de la production interagissent sous de nombreux aspects avec la réinvention de la nourriture comme héritage. Ce phénomène apparaît de façon évidente dans la région alpine de l’Italie du nord, selon plusieurs études ethnographiques récentes.This article, based mainly on ethnographic examples of the transformation of traditional Alpine cheese-making systems, argues that a certain amount of standardization of traditional food systems is required in order to offer local products on a wider market basis. Nevertheless, this introduces important changes in the whole socio-technical system that underlies typical products: from raw material to product marketing. This also implies momentous changes about the ways in which local foods are produced, distributed and consumed, as well as in the ways they are socially and symbolically appropriated. Such reinvention of food can further mobilize local strategies for re-valuing intangible patrimony: local histories, material culture and landscapes. This is a complex and interconnected process, as highlighted by ethnographic examples provided – both from my own fieldwork and from current ethnographic literature. When food is reinvented as heritage, historical, juridical and

  3. SIMULINVE – Um simulador de inventário para um centro de distribuição de peças

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heráclito Lopes Jaguaribe Pontes

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available No mercado globalizado atual, as empresas buscam garantir disponibilidade de produto ao cliente final, com o menor nível de inventário possível. As ferramentas de simulação disponibilizam aos gestores melhores visões do negócio e melhores condições para a tomada de decisão. Em um Centro de Distribuição de Peças (CDP, para se alcançar um melhor desempenho no gerenciamento do inventário é importante poder contar com uma ferramenta capacitada para realizações de simulações de possíveis cenários. Este trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver um processo para gerenciamento de inventario que resultou em um simulador de inventário para CDP. O simulador realiza projeções visando obter como resultados a previsão de demanda, a política de reposição das peças, o percentual de atendimento dos pedidos, os meses de inventário, a quantidade de Scrap e a quantidade de peças. O simulador foi submetido a experimentos com três cenários diferentes e os resultados confirmaram a qualidade do sistema de simulação proposto.

  4. Using Technological Innovation To Improve the Problem-Solving Skills of Middle School Students: Educators' Experiences with the LEGO Mindstorms Robotic Invention System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauch, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01

    Describes the creation of an innovative problem-solving course for middle school teachers (based on the LEGO Mindstorms Robotic Invention System) intended to use a combination of logic, hands-on experience, and a modicum of trial and error to help middle school students identify the processes behind effectively solving problems. (SR)

  5. Articles Published in Technical Journals, Reports Published, Papers Presented at the Geneva Conference and at Scientific Meetings, and Inventions Disclosed During 1958 by ORNL Staff Members

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1958-01-01

    This compilation presents the articles that were published in the open literature or as unclassified ORNL reports, papers presented at the Geneva Conference and at scientific meetings, and inventions disclosed during 1957 by members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Topics include biology, chemistry, general studies, health physics, instrumentation, mathematics, metallurgy and materials, physics, and technology.

  6. La invención Lacaniana del concepto de goce. (The Lacanian Invention of the Concept of Jouissance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Javier Bonoris

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen En el siguiente trabajo nos proponemos hacer un recorrido por el concepto de goce en la obra de Lacan. En primer lugar, intentaremos demostrar que Lacan inventó la noción de goce para remediar los escollos teóricos y clínicos que implicaban las hipótesis freudianas sobre la pulsión y el problema de la satisfacción en psicoanálisis. Por otro lado, se considerarán los lineamientos principales de algunos seguidores de Lacan sobre el goce, para compararlos con las ideas freudianas y las del propio Lacan. Por último, se abordará este concepto específicamente desde la obra de Lacan, aspirando a encontrar su particularidad y la novedad teórica que introduce en la teoría psicoanalítica. Palabras Clave: goce, cuerpo, saber, escritura. Abstract This paper is intended as a review of the concept of jouissance in Lacan's work. First, it will try to demonstrate that Lacan invented the notion of jouissance to remedy the theoretical and clinical pitfalls implied in Freudian hypotheses on drive and the problem of satisfaction in psychoanalysis. Then, it will consider the main ideas of some followers of Lacan in relation to jouissance in order to compare them with Freud and Lacan's ideas. Finally, this concept will be specifically addressed from Lacan's work, aiming to find its particularity and the theoretical novelty that it introduces in the psychoanalytic theory. Keywords: jouissance, body, knowledge, writing. Résumé Cet article a pour but de faire un examen du concept de jouissance chez Lacan. Dans un premier temps, l'on essayera de démontrer que Lacan a créé la notion de jouissance afin de remédier les obstacles théoriques et cliniques des hypothèses freudiennes sur la pulsion et sur le problème de la satisfaction en psychanalyse. Ensuite, l'on examinera les principales positions de quelques disciples de Lacan par rapport à la jouissance, afin de les comparer avec les idées freudiennes et celles de Lacan. Finalement, l

  7. Making sense of absolute measurement: James Clerk Maxwell, William Thomson, Fleeming Jenkin, and the invention of the dimensional formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Daniel Jon

    2017-05-01

    During the 1860s, the Committee on Electrical Standards convened by the British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS) attempted to articulate, refine, and realize a system of absolute electrical measurement. I describe how this context led to the invention of the dimensional formula by James Clerk Maxwell and subsequently shaped its interpretation, in particular through the attempts of William Thomson and Fleeming Jenkin to make absolute electrical measurement intelligible to telegraph engineers. I identify unit conversion as the canonical purpose for dimensional formulae during the remainder of the nineteenth century and go on to explain how an operational interpretation was developed by the French physicist Gabriel Lippmann. The focus on the dimensional formula reveals how various conceptual, theoretical, and material aspects of absolute electrical measurement were taken up or resisted in experimental physics, telegraphic engineering, and electrical practice more broadly, which leads to the conclusion that the integration of electrical theory and telegraphic practice was far harder to achieve and maintain than historians have previously thought. This ultimately left a confusing legacy of dimensional concepts and practices in physics.

  8. The successful of finite element to invent particle cleaning system by air jet in hard disk drive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jai-Ngam, Nualpun; Tangchaichit, Kaitfa

    2018-02-01

    Hard Disk Drive manufacturing has faced very challenging with the increasing demand of high capacity drives for Cloud-based storage. Particle adhesion has also become increasingly important in HDD to gain more reliability of storage capacity. The ability to clean on surfaces is more complicated in removing such particles without damaging the surface. This research is aim to improve the particle cleaning in HSA by using finite element to develop the air flow model then invent the prototype of air cleaning system to remove particle from surface. Surface cleaning by air pressure can be applied as alternative for the removal of solid particulate contaminants that is adhering on a solid surface. These technical and economic challenges have driven the process development from traditional way that chemical solvent cleaning. The focus of this study is to develop alternative way from scrub, ultrasonic, mega sonic on surface cleaning principles to serve as a foundation for the development of new processes to meet current state-of-the-art process requirements and minimize the waste from chemical cleaning for environment safety.

  9. Heisenberg's Invention of Matrices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    seek help from Heisenberg's 1925 paper, in order to reduce the weirdness of going from classical observables to quantum operators. It is well known that quantum ... these strange but basic concepts can be understood from Heisenberg's famous 1925 paper, which is considered as the birth of modern quantum mechanics.

  10. Inventing tomorrows citizens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drejer, Claus Munch

    This paper is about subjectification of the pupil in the Danish primary school (hereafter The Folkeskole). The paper is based on my PhD research. In this paper, I will tell the story about what kind of impact The Folkeskole Act from 2006 has on teaching and the pupil as well. Theoretically...

  11. Historicity of an invention

    OpenAIRE

    Hernán Venegas Marcelo

    2009-01-01

    A construção do corpus científico do turismo a partir de diferentes perspectivas de análise tem sido objeto de estudo por inúmeros especialistas na contemporaneidade. Dessa empreitada também fazem parte os cientistas sociais - ainda que em número menor se comparados às contribuições provenientes de outros campos de conhecimentos, digamos, mais "exatos". A História também se insere nesse universo de reflexões sobre o turismo que se assemelha a uma multidisciplina social. Reconhecendo isso e vi...

  12. Historicity of an invention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Venegas Marcelo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A construção do corpus científico do turismo a partir de diferentes perspectivas de análise tem sido objeto de estudo por inúmeros especialistas na contemporaneidade. Dessa empreitada também fazem parte os cientistas sociais - ainda que em número menor se comparados às contribuições provenientes de outros campos de conhecimentos, digamos, mais "exatos". A História também se insere nesse universo de reflexões sobre o turismo que se assemelha a uma multidisciplina social. Reconhecendo isso e visando historicizar os antecedentes do turismo no Brasil, Haroldo Leitão Camargo nos apresenta um estudo singular proveniente do campo do conhecimento da História. Intitulado, "Uma pré-história do turismo no Brasil. Recreações aristocráticas e lazeres burgueses (1808-1850" é uma proposta singular sobre a historicidade do turismo no mais importante domínio lusitano de Ultramar.

  13. Inventing the Archive

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Kasper Risbjerg

    2013-01-01

    . The article illustrates these developments through the examples of Johann Peter von Ludewig, who was one of the most prominent historians of the early German Enlightenment, and Leopold von Ranke, who is normally considered the founder of the modern historical discipline and the most important advocate...

  14. logbook: inventing the web

    CERN Multimedia

    Gillies, James D

    2005-01-01

    In March 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, a young computer scientist at the European particle physics laboratory CERN sent a memo to his boss, Mike Sendall, with the titel "Information Management: a Proposal" (½ page)

  15. Heisenberg's Invention of Matrices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Richard Feynman once said: “nobody understands quantummechanics”. Still, those who devised it are perhaps the onesclosest to understanding their creation. It suggests that wheneverthe weirdness of quantum mechanics haunts you, it isbetter to go back to its creators in terms of their originalpublications. In the present ...

  16. The Invented Self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David

    A post-structuralist study of the documents conventionally used to write a biography, focusing on the discontinuities and contradictions that life stories usually seek to overcome in the vain attempt to create the illusion of a life recaptured whole.......A post-structuralist study of the documents conventionally used to write a biography, focusing on the discontinuities and contradictions that life stories usually seek to overcome in the vain attempt to create the illusion of a life recaptured whole....

  17. Heisenberg's Invention of Matrices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the weirdness of going from classical observables to quantum operators. It is well known that quantum mechanics was formulated in two different mathematical forms, one of which is known as 'matrix mechanics' and the other as 'wave mechanics'. Initially, there was a divided opinion about which of these formulations repre-.

  18. The invention of atmosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Craig

    2015-08-01

    The word "atmosphere" was a neologism Willebrord Snellius created for his Latin translation of Simon Stevin's cosmographical writings. Astronomers and mathematical practitioners, such as Snellius and Christoph Scheiner, applying the techniques of Ibn Mu'ādh and Witelo, were the first to use the term in their calculations of the height of vapors that cause twilight. Their understandings of the atmosphere diverged from Aristotelian divisions of the aerial region. From the early years of the seventeenth century, the term was often associated with atomism or corpuscular matter theory. The concept of the atmosphere changed dramatically with the advent of pneumatic experiments in the middle of the seventeenth century. Pierre Gassendi, Walter Charleton, and Robert Boyle transformed the atmosphere of the mathematicians giving it the characteristics of weight, specific gravity, and fluidity, while disputes about its extent and border remained unresolved. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. [Inventive activity of the Department of Molecular Immunology of the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of NAS of Ukraine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danilova, V M; Vynogradova, R P; Torkhova, S G

    2016-01-01

    The article is devoted to the inventive activity of the Department of Molecular Immunology of the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of NAS of Ukraine in the context of the history of its inception, development and in the context of scholarly and organizational activities of Sergii Vasyl’ovych Komisarenko. This autumn marks 50th anniversary since young Sergii Komisarenko (now – Academician of NAS and NAMS of Ukraine, Dr. Biol. Sci., Professor) has joined the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, has completed all stages of the academic carrier from PhD student to Head of the Institute. He is the first in Ukraine who started the new branch of research – molecular immunology, created a strong scientific school, which earned worldwide acclaim and made significant contribution to finding solutions to current problems in human health sciences. S.V. Komisarenko was among those, who were first in the USSR to use immunoenzyme and flow cytofluometric assays, hybridoma technology for producing monoclonal antibodies and immunochemical assay of proteins, which became the basis for development of highly sensitive and highly specific immunodiagnostic systems, which are of high necessity in medicine, veterinary, development of immunotechnologies, environment monitoring, etc. Under his leadership the Department has made a series of important discoveries and developments including relating to antitumour immunotoxins, effects of low dose radiation on the immune system of Chernobyl liquidators, immunochemical structure of neurotoxin apamine, cytochrom c, fibrinogen and fibrin molecules at different stages of polymerization, diphtheria toxin and its receptor, tuberculosis causing micobacterium, roles of protease-activated receptors (PARs) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of lymphocytes, nature of polyreactive immunoglobulins (PRIGs), among other important scientific contributions. S.V. Komisarenko and his colleagues also hold numerous (more than 80) author’s certificates

  20. Desempenho visual: validação do inventário de eficiência visual em estudantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amélia Fernandes Nunes

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o questionário COVD-QoL para a língua portuguesa e avaliar as propriedades psicométricas do questionário traduzido. Métodos: O questionário foi adaptado segundo a metodologia recomendada pela literatura. A versão final do questionário de sintomas e eficiência visual adaptado à língua portuguesa (IEV – Inventário de eficiência visual foi aplicada em 130 indivíduos, com idades compreendidas entre os 18 e os 30 anos e 36 sujeitos responderam ao questionário em dois momentos distintos. Resultados: Os resultados evidenciam uma boa consistência interna tanto para a versão completa, com 30 itens (α = 0,894 como para a versão curta, com 19 itens (0,858. O teste reteste revelou uma média de diferenças entre a primeira e a segunda avaliação de 0,917 pontos (SD=±4,813 o que indica um viés mínimo entre as duas administrações. Conclusão: O questionário traduzido, apresentou boas propriedades psicométricas e demonstrou ser aplicável à população portuguesa, para se avaliar a eficiência visual associada à visão de perto, em estudantes do ensino superior.

  1. Estudo de fidedignidade e validade do inventário de depressão de Beck–II (BDI-II) em adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Paranhos, Mariana Esteves

    2009-01-01

    O Inventário de Depressão de Beck, de origem americana, tem sido utilizado mundialmente há mais de 40 anos e, ao longo deste tempo, tem se mostrado um ótimo instrumento para medir intensidade de sintomas depressivos em populações clínicas e não-clínicas. Em 1996, os autores do Inventário optaram por realizar uma revisão deste com a finalidade de aderir melhor aos critérios diagnósticos para depressão, estabelecidos pelo Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais IV. Tal revisão r...

  2. An invention of thermo-responsive polymer surface, yielding cell sheet based regenerative therapies in cardiology and ophthalmology

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    Sawa Y

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Invention: In vitro cell culture methodologies provide a conducive environment for the cells taken out of their native environment to grow and proliferate in a non-physiological environment, the culture dish. Research experiments have been focusing on various criteria for assessing how far it is possible to recapitulate the native extra-cellular environment in vitro. Scaffolds, culture media, growth factors and cell surface modified culture dishes are some of the components that provide a conducive environment for in vitro cell culture. Cells that are grown in culture dishes using conventional methodologies are usually detached using enzymatic treatment with Trypsin, Collagenase etc [1], to be transplanted when it comes to a clinical or experimental application. Such enzymes used in separating the cells may have some damaging effects to the cell membranes which might impair the cell function [1]. However, cells if can be grown as a monolayer and be harvested as a contiguous cell sheet, it is considered suitable for transplantation in certain specific applications. In addition to that, if enzymatic digestion which has some detrimental effects on the detached cells could be avoided, that is an added advantage. The work by Prof. Okano and team from the Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan, on thermo-responsive polymer surfaces has yielded a solution which has both the advantages viz., detachability of cells grown as a monolayer in the form of a cell sheet, that too without the use of enzymes. Their research into biomaterials for more than two decades has yielded a thermo-responsive polymer, the poly(N-isopropylacrylamide (PIPAAm [1] coated culture dish for cell sheet engineering. In their technology, PIPAAm is polymerized and grafted to tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS dishes. Cells have been found to grow confluent on PIPAAm-TCPS at 37 °C. Once confluent as a monolayer, by merely reducing the temperature of the PIPAAm-TCPS to 20 °C, it

  3. Inventário arbóreo-urbano do município de Salto de Pirapora, SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Porto Benatti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo realizar o inventário arbóreo-urbano em 24 bairros do Município de Salto de Pirapora, SP, por meio da avaliação quali-quantitativa. Para tanto, foram obtidas informações relacionadas à: espécie arbórea, situação da copa e do tronco, orientação do tronco, fitossanidade, interceptação das raízes no passeio, necessidade de tratos silviculturais, altura total e altura da primeira bifurcação, assim como características do espaço viário. Foram registrados 868 indivíduos, dos quais 679 foram catalogados em 71 espécies arbóreas. A espécie de maior frequência foi Caesalpinia pluviosa, representando 13,6% do total, seguida de Ficus benjamin (10,4%, Lagerstroemia indica (5,0% e Terminalia catappa (4,8%. Quanto à condição do tronco, 68,8% dos indivíduos arbóreos não apresentaram problemas; 85,7% das árvores observadas possuíam orientação simpodial adequada; poucas árvores apresentavam danos relacionados à fitossanidade que poderiam interferir em sua integridade e, ou, longevidade; 69,6% não interferiam, de forma direta, na calçada; 32,8% das árvores necessitavam de podas por estarem acima da fiação elétrica; 0,5% necessitava de substituição; e 5,7% precisavam ser removidas. Com relação à altura total das árvores, 63,0% apresentavam crescimento menor que 5 m; e 65,3% com altura da primeira bifurcação do tronco inferior a 1,80 m. O Bairro Primavera destacou-se pelo maior número de árvores em sua urbanização. Em contrapartida, o Jardim Amélia apresentou apenas um indivíduo. Dessa forma, observou-se que cada bairro possuía sua particularidade, e ações de manutenção e enriquecimento, tanto relacionadas ao número de espécies quanto à quantidade de indivíduos, deveriam ser consideradas no planejamento urbano-arbóreo daquele município.

  4. Pourquoi l’industrie automobile n’a pas inventé la bioéthique ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Bonah

    2008-12-01

    ègles strictes d'évaluation et de mise sur le marché d'un médicament, réalisant ainsi une demande formulée depuis longtemps sans succès par l'industrie pharmaceutique. Ainsi, et aussi contradictoire que cela puisse paraître, certaines des positions des associations rejoignent et la rhétorique du laisser-faire de l'économie libérale en faveur d'une régulation économique des marchés et les sirènes de l'industrie pharmaceutique chantant la plainte de la sur-réglementation qui empêche l'innovation. Pour sa part, peut-être que l'industrie automobile n'avait pas besoin d'inventer la bioéthique puisqu'elle n'a jamais quitté l'espace d'une régulation par les marchés.

  5. Invention et interprétation : chants de boisson et chants chamaniques chez les Suruí du Rondônia

    OpenAIRE

    Yvinec, Cédric

    2014-01-01

    Invention et interprétation : chants de boisson et chants chamaniques chez les Suruí du Rondônia. Cet article examine les techniques rhétoriques mises en œuvre par deux genres de chants rituels des Suruí du Rondônia, chants de fête de boisson et chants chamaniques, notamment les écarts par lesquels la langue et l’énonciation rituelles se distinguent du discours ordinaire. Ces procédés rhétoriques trouvent un écho au niveau sociologique, à travers le statut du chamane et celui du grand homme d...

  6. JEY (Martine). – La Littérature au lycée : invention d’une discipline (1880-1925)

    OpenAIRE

    Chartier, Anne-Marie

    2009-01-01

    En 1880, à l’épreuve écrite du baccalauréat, le discours latin est remplacé par la composition française. En 1925, les sections A (classiques) et B (modernes), l’enseignement masculin et féminin, relèvent des mêmes nouveaux programmes qui conduisent aux mêmes épreuves de baccalauréat. Entre ces deux dates, les professeurs de lettres (tous issus de l’enseignement classique) ont « inventé » une nouvelle discipline, tant les ruptures avec les pratiques antérieures paraissent rétrospectivement l’...

  7. 175 years of wire rope. A reminiscence of Mining Councillor Albert's invention; 175 Jahre Drahtseil. Eine Erinnerung an Oberbergrat Alberts Erfindung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lampe, Wolfgang [NLA Niedersachsen, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Rueckbrodt, Kai [Landesamt fuer Bergbau, Energie und Geologie, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

    2010-06-15

    There is a vague consensus that the wire rope can be designated as the most sustainable invention from the mining industry in Harz mountains. Such wire ropes are not to be excluded any longer from the today's life. These ropes really seem quite self-evident not only in the mining industry. The name of the Mining Councillor Wilhelm August Julius Albert inseparably is connected with wire ropes. The development of the first, in Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Federal Republic of Germany) successfully used wire rope consisting of iron wires succeeded to him. The year 2009 is the 175th anniversary of the invention of wire ropes. In 2009, the mountain city Clausthal-Zellerfeld evoked this anniversary with a week-long festival. At 22nd and 23th July1834, two wire ropes consisting of iron wires with a length of 605 m were put into operation for the first time at the 408 m deep pit Caroline in Clausthal-Zellerfeld. Instead of the past belt conveyors or hemp ropes, the new hoisting ropes proved to be a great success so that other pits also were retrofitted, accordingly.

  8. Original Inventions based on Chemical scaffolds and electro-physical activity-derived biosimilars interacting with specialties in biology yielding platforms for analysis in virology and antiviral compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamaji N

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Original inventions in developing countries, in terms of number of patents filed, granted and that are taken to useful applications as well as in terms of publications of high impact remain relatively lower [1,2] compared to that of developed nations. The reasons could be attributed to lack of importance given to basic research in funding, the number of institutes involved, limited technical support or expertise available etc [1]. Though such initiatives may take a long time to yield fruits, one of the parallel steps we considered worth was to take the original inventions from Japan, born out of basic research in one field, taken through an application-oriented inter disciplinary interactive research in healthcare, thereby paving way for novel solutions. Thus was conceived, the Inventions- Inter-Disciplinary Interactions and Solutions (IIDIAS, an academic session as a part of the one-day International stem cell meet organized every year in the month of October by Nichi-In Centre for Regenerative Medicine (NCRM, an academic Institute based in Chennai, India. In the IIDIAS session, based on original invention(s presented as a prelude in brief, original interdisciplinary interactive research work based on the original invention by NCRM and/or its collaborators are presented by the faculty of the relevant institute. That will be followed by an interactive session in which the potential solutions based on the above accomplishments would be discussed. The IIDIAS session 2014 was based on the following two inventions: A bio-film-based biosimilar invented by an electro-physicist A unique polymer invented by a chemical engineer Inventions and Interdisciplinary Interactions: Invention –I: The bio-film-based biosimilar invented by an electro-physicist: An electro physicist with the Kyoto University, Japan, Dr Nobuyuki Yamaji observed during his experiments that plants and mammalian tissues secrete a layer of fluid after getting hit by

  9. Estudo inicial do inventário de Auto-Estima (SEI: Forma A Initial study of the Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI: Form A

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    Mônica Gobitta

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente estudo buscou-se investigar os índices de precisão do Inventário de Auto-Estima (SEI-Forma A, descrever a auto-estima do grupo estudado considerando-se as variáveis: gênero e faixa etária nas dimensões estudadas pelo Inventário. Foram participantes deste estudo 142 crianças e adolescentes de dez a 18 anos. Os resultados referentes aos índices de precisão do Inventário mostraram índices satisfatórios quando considerados os resultados da pontuação geral, o mesmo não ocorreu quando a correlação item-total foi submetida às dimensões estudadas. Com relação aos resultados descritivos da auto-estima do grupo estudado, estes apresentaram pequenas diferenças entre as variáveis pesquisadas. Estes resultados levaram a discussões a respeito da adaptação transcultural de instrumentos de avaliação e as conclusões deste estudo apontam para a necessidade de que o instrumento escolhido seja aperfeiçoado em investigações futuras no sentido de melhorar a consistência interna dos itens.In this study the aims were to investigate the rates of reliability of the Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI - Form A and to describe the self-esteem considering the variables gender and age, in the four dimensions studied by the Inventory. The subjects of this study were 142 children and adolescents from ten to 18 years old from a public school. The results referring to the reliability rates of the Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI - Form A showed that the reliability had pointed satisfactory rates, although the internal consistency analyzed through the item-total correlation indicated problems in same items. This results conduct to discussions concerning the transcultural adaptation of assessment instruments and this study's conclusions point to the need of improving the chosen instruments in future investigations, towards improving the internal consistency of the items.

  10. The invention of physical science intersections of mathematics, theology and natural philosophy since the seventeenth century : essays in honor of Erwin N. Hiebert

    CERN Document Server

    Richards, Joan L; Stuewer, Roger H

    1992-01-01

    Modern physical science is constituted by specialized scientific fields rooted in experimental laboratory work and in rational and mathematical representations. Contemporary scientific explanation is rigorously differentiated from religious interpretation, although, to be sure, scientists sometimes do the philosophical work of interpreting the metaphysics of space, time, and matter. However, it is rare that either theologians or philosophers convincingly claim that they are doing the scientific work of physical scientists and mathematicians. The rigidity of these divisions and differentiations is relatively new. Modern physical science was invented slowly and gradually through interactions of the aims and contents of mathematics, theology, and natural philosophy since the seventeenth century. In essays ranging in focus from seventeenth-century interpretations of heavenly comets to twentieth-century explanations of tracks in bubble chambers, ten historians of science demonstrate metaphysical and theological th...

  11. Inventário de Emissões de Gases de Efeito Estufa no Campus Gávea da PUC-Rio

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    João Paulo Andrade F. de Carvalho

    Full Text Available RESUMO O presente trabalho apresenta resultados preliminares de um inventário de emissões de gases de efeito estufa (GEE elaborado para o campus da PUC-Rio, situado no bairro da Gávea, zona sul da cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Foram identificadas emissões de GEE nos escopos 1 (combustão estacionária e móvel, emissões fugitivas, escopo 2 (consumo de energia elétrica e escopo 3 (transporte, viagens, geração e descarte de resíduos sólidos, seguindo metodologias recomendadas pelo Programa Brasileiro GHG Protocol. Dentre as fontes de emissão, a mais difícil de quantificar foi justamente a principal geradora, relacionada com os deslocamentos entre o campus e as residências dos 20 mil potenciais frequentadores diários da PUC-Rio durante 2011.

  12. Quand la poésie amérindienne réinvente l'image de l'Indien

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Lamy Beaupré

    2013-01-01

    Cet article aborde la poésie très récente de Marie-Andrée Gill, Natasha Kanapé Fontaine et Louis-Karl Picard-Sioui. L’auteur y questionne l’expression personnelle – et, pourrait-on dire, décomplexée – de l’appartenance culturelle, qui se déploie dans leurs textes en critiquant, en évitant ou en réinventant la représentation des Premières Nations. Affrontant chacun le conflit entre le fait d’être amérindien et d’être un sujet singulier dans le temps présent, ces poètes participent d’un renouve...

  13. Confiabilidade de instrumentos diagnósticos: estudo do inventário de sintomas psiquiátricos do DSM-III aplicado em amostra populacional

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    Sérgio Baxter Andreoli

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi estudar a confiabilidade do inventário de sintomas psiquiátricos do DSM-III aplicado em amostras representativas da população geral de três cidades brasileiras. Foram utilizados os métodos do entrevistador-observador e de consistência interna para medir a confiabilidade. Os diagnósticos de ansiedade generalizada, na vida (k = 0,46, no ano (k = 1,00, depressão na vida (k = 0,77 e os diagnósticos de abuso e dependência de álcool na vida (k = 1,00 foram confiáveis de forma consistente nos dois métodos empregados. Os diagnósticos de agorafobia (k = 1,00, fobia simples (k = 0,77, transtorno psicótico não esquizofrênico (k = 1,00 e o de fatores psicológicos que afetam o físico (1,00, todos feitos para a vida, apresentaram confiabilidade excelente medidos por meio do Kappa. O principal problema de medir a confiabilidade em estudos populacionais é a baixa prevalência de alguns diagnósticos que resulta em uma pequena variabilidade nas respostas positivas, o que impossibilita o cálculo do Kappa. Por causa disso, apenas 11 dos 39 diagnósticos que compõem o inventário puderam ser examinados. Recomenda-se a utilização do método de teste e re-teste com um tempo curto entre as entrevistas para diminuir esse problema.

  14. Confiabilidade de instrumentos diagnósticos: estudo do inventário de sintomas psiquiátricos do DSM-III aplicado em amostra populacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreoli Sérgio Baxter

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi estudar a confiabilidade do inventário de sintomas psiquiátricos do DSM-III aplicado em amostras representativas da população geral de três cidades brasileiras. Foram utilizados os métodos do entrevistador-observador e de consistência interna para medir a confiabilidade. Os diagnósticos de ansiedade generalizada, na vida (k = 0,46, no ano (k = 1,00, depressão na vida (k = 0,77 e os diagnósticos de abuso e dependência de álcool na vida (k = 1,00 foram confiáveis de forma consistente nos dois métodos empregados. Os diagnósticos de agorafobia (k = 1,00, fobia simples (k = 0,77, transtorno psicótico não esquizofrênico (k = 1,00 e o de fatores psicológicos que afetam o físico (1,00, todos feitos para a vida, apresentaram confiabilidade excelente medidos por meio do Kappa. O principal problema de medir a confiabilidade em estudos populacionais é a baixa prevalência de alguns diagnósticos que resulta em uma pequena variabilidade nas respostas positivas, o que impossibilita o cálculo do Kappa. Por causa disso, apenas 11 dos 39 diagnósticos que compõem o inventário puderam ser examinados. Recomenda-se a utilização do método de teste e re-teste com um tempo curto entre as entrevistas para diminuir esse problema.

  15. Diagnóstico da Política de Inventário e a sua importância para a administração estratégica da manufatura

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva, José Luis Gomes; Pinto, Aurimar José

    2007-01-01

    A constante necessidade de redução de custos operacionais das empresas tem transformado o Inventário em fonte preferencial, para este fim, pela alta administração. O alto valor de investimento que ele representa para as organizações, além da contribuição imediata no fluxo de caixa, quando da sua redução, faz com que o inventário seja uma fonte de vantagem competitiva. O objetivo deste trabalho é compreender o comportamento das variáveis independentes, como o ciclo da produção ou lead-time, ta...

  16. Approache Pluraliste du Developpement et Etude des Variations Procedurals en Production D'Orthographes Inventees. [A Pluralistic Approach to the Development and Study of Procedural Variations in the Production of Invented Spelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelet, Isabelle Montesinos

    2002-01-01

    This study used a pluralistic model to examine the procedures used by two preschoolers to achieve written productions using invented orthographies. The model allows children's procedural variations to be taken into consideration by understanding the hierarchy of different processing modes available to children in completing the task and…

  17. Adaptação e validação do Inventário de Saliência (Salience Inventory para adultos brasileiros

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    Maria Célia Lassance

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Saliência é a importância que uma pessoa atribui a um papel em relação a outros papéis que desempenha no seu contexto social. O presente estudo teve por objetivo adaptar e validar a versão original do Salience Inventory denominada Inventário de Saliência (IS na adaptação brasileira. O instrumento contém 170 itens que avaliam a saliência a partir de três dimensões: Participação, Comprometimento e Expectativa de Valor, para cinco papéis, relativos às atividades de Estudo, Trabalho, Serviço Comunitário, Casa e Família, e Tempo Livre. Participaram do estudo 388 mulheres e 111 homens, entre 21 e 65 anos, com nível superior de escolaridade. O IS apresentou validade de construto e fornece base normativa para a população adulta com nível de educação superior, com a qual se poderá realizar comparações. Os resultados são comparados com os do estudo de validação original em termos de médias e ordem de saliência. Finalmente, discutem-se as limitações deste estudo e possibilidades para pesquisas futuras.

  18. Inventário de Depressão Infantil (CDI: análise dos parâmetros psicométricos

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    Miriam Cruvinel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar os parâmetros psicométricos da versão brasileira reduzida do Inventário de Depressão Infantil - CDI e de sua versão original. Do Estudo 1, participaram 169 escolares da 3ª, 4ª e 5ª série, do ensino fundamental de escola pública. A análise fatorial apontou a presença de cinco fatores que explicavam 49,6% da variância total e obteve-se um Alfa de Cronbach de α=0,73. Do Estudo 2, participaram 157 alunos de 3ª e 4ª série do ensino fundamental de uma escola pública. A análise fatorial exploratória revelou também cinco fatores que explicavam 43,9% da variância total com um Alfa de Cronbach de α=0,80. Todavia, em ambos os estudos, os itens dos fatores ainda não se mostraram ajustados no que se refere à separação dos aspectos cognitivos, afetivos, motivacionais e comportamentais envolvidos no construto depressão infantil, o que deve constituir-se em um desafio para os estudiosos do tema.

  19. Re-inventing NDE as science — How student ideas will help adapt NDE to the new ecosystem of science and technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyendorf, Norbert

    2018-04-01

    Industry 4.0 stands for the fourth industrial revolution that is ongoing at present. Industry 4.0 is a terminology generally used in Europe to characterize the integration of production and communication technologies, the so called "smart factory". Lowering costs and efficient in-time production will be possible for low numbers of unique parts, for example by additive manufacturing (3D printing). A significant aspect is also quality and maintainability of these sometimes unique structures and components. NDE has to follow these trends, but introduce the capability of cyber systems into the inspection and maintenance processes. The author initiated in his NDE introductory class student projects where small groups of students had to identify everyday problems that can be solved by NDE techniques and suggest technical solutions based on today's technology. The results where exiting. After discussing the ecosystem and the present situation of NDE as a science, several of these ideas were presented. Let us listen to the ideas and needs of the young generation to re-invent NDE!

  20. Alternative remote sensing materials and inventory strategies in tropical forest inventory - Case Lao PDR / Materiais alternativos de sensoriamento remoto e estratégias de inventário no inventário de florestas tropicais – Caso Lao PDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timo Tokola

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the potential of remote sensing in tropical forests is examined in relation to the diversification of sensors. We report here on the comparison of alternative methods that use multisource data from Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS, Airborne Color Infrared Photograph (CIR, Quickbird and ALOS AVNIR-2 to estimate stem volume and basal area, in Laos. The predictors of ALS metrics were calculated by means of the canopy height distribution approach, while predictors from both spectral and textual features. The correlation of remote sensing materials and field data were used to demonstrate needs for field inventory in different forest landscapes and varying tropical forest conditions. Variogram based analysis was used to derive optimal forest inventory procedure for different parts of case country.ResumoNeste estudo, o potencial do sensoriamento remoto em florestas tropicais é examinado em relação a diversidade de sensores. Registramos aqui a comparação de métodos alternativos que utilizam dados de fontes múltiplas do Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS, Airborne CIR, Quickbird e ALOS AVNIR-2 para estimar o volume do caule e a área basal em Laos. Os preditores dos dados ALS foram calculados pelo método da distribuição de altura do dossel enquanto preditores para características espectrais e textuais foram geradas, respectivamente, para os dados Airbone CIR e ALOS AVNIR-2. A correlação dos materiais de sensoriamento remoto e dados de campo foram usados para demonstrar a necessidade do inventário de campo em diferentes paisagens florestais e condições variáveis em floresta tropical. A análise baseada no variograma foi utilizada para gerar um procedimento otimizado para o inventário florestal de diferentes partes do país em estudo.

  1. Patenting Biotechnological Inventions in Europe

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    Peter Raspor

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The patent system has been able to provide the protection for the achievements of different technologies and in that way it has supported further development and growth of the industry where those achievements were implemented. Modern technologies like information technology and biotechnology with genetic engineering that appeared in the 70s have overgrown the frames of the existing patent system because of their exponential development during the last thirty years. Industry that invests a huge amount of money in these technologies, especially in the field of biotechnology, where the results are very uncertain, has started to claim changes in the patent system.

  2. Look Who Invented Japanese Management!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chait, Richard P.

    1982-01-01

    The Japanese theory of participatory management is seen as thriving on American campuses under the rubrics of shared governance and collegiality. Participatory management, quality control circles, lifetime employment, superordinate goals, and interdependent leadership are discussed. More commerce between academic administrators and corporate…

  3. Validação da versão em português do Inventário de Depressão Maior

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    Silvia Parcias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Validar, adaptar e aferir a fidedignidade do Inventário de Depressão Maior (Major Depression Inventory - MDI para a língua portuguesa. MÉTODOS: O questionário passou pelo processo de adaptação transcultural. Foi realizado um pré-teste para avaliar sua aplicabilidade. Para avaliação de reprodutibilidade, utilizou-se medida repetida com intervalo de 1 a 2 semanas e coeficiente de correlação intraclasse. O MDI e a escala de Hamilton foram aplicados em 30 pacientes com diagnóstico de depressão, que foram pareados com 90 controles aos quais foi aplicado o MDI. A curva ROC foi realizada com 120 pacientes e escore final do MDI. Para análise da validade interna, utilizou-se o alfa de Cronbach. RESULTADOS: Sensibilidade e especificidade foram 0,86 e 0,75, respectivamente, com escores 16/17. O alfa de Cronbach para a escala total foi 0,91. O coeficiente de Pearson entre o total do MDI e o total da escala de depressão de Hamilton foi 0,56. A análise fatorial revelou dois fatores: o primeiro explicava 53,9% da variação enquanto o segundo explicava somente 13,6%. A confiabilidade teste-reteste foi excelente (com coeficiente de correlação intraclasse variando de 0,50 e 0,93 para itens individuais e 0,90 para o escore total. CONCLUSÃO: As propriedades psicométricas do MDI se mostraram adequadas para aplicação na população brasileira, entretanto outros estudos se fazem necessários.

  4. L'ingénierie lexicale ou la description d'un objet entre l'invention et la découverte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Nicolas De Surmont

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    RÉSUMÉ: Résoudre des problèmes théoriques constitue également résoudre des problèmes lexicaux. C'est ce que nous avons baptisé l'ingénierie lexicale, processus d'évaluation et de description d'une activité ou d'une discipline et de création de termes ou de lexies pouvant satisfaire les besoins théoriques du chercheur. La nécessité de recourir à l'ingénierie lexicale peut apparaître dans différents contextes scientifiques notamment les études transdisciplinaires, les études diachroniques, l'harmonisation interlinguistique, etc. Nous présentons donc différents cas de figures notamment dans le cadre de nos travaux sur la poésie vocale.

    Mots-clés: INGE⁄NIERIE LEXICALE, RE⁄SOLUTION DE PROBLEŸME (LEXIQUE, LEXICOLOGIE, TERMINOLOGIE, E⁄PISTE⁄MOLOGIE

    ABSTRACT: Lexical Engineering or the Description of an Object between Invention and Discovery. Solving theoretical problems also involves solving lexical problems. This we have named lexical engineering, a process of evaluation and description of an activity or a discipline and the creation of terms or lexical items, which have to satisfy the theoretical needs of the researcher. The necessity to resort to lexical engineering becomes apparent in different scientific contexts, notably transdisciplinary studies, diachronic studies, interlinguistic harmonization, etc. We therefore present different kinds of figurative senses notably as part of our work on vocal poetry.

     

  5. Inventário Feminino dos Esquemas de Gênero do Autoconceito (IFEGA Feminine Inventory of the Self-Concept's Gender Schemas (IFEGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Giavoni

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo foi elaborar e validar o Inventário Feminino dos Esquemas de Gênero do Autoconceito (IFEGA. Composto por duas escalas (masculina e feminina, este instrumento avalia os esquemas masculino e feminino do autoconceito das mulheres. A amostra foi composta por estudantes universitárias do sexo feminino. Análises fatoriais foram realizadas para ambas as escalas (Principal Axis Factoring, com rotações oblíquas e ortogonais, assim como foram avaliados os índices de consistência interna dos fatores (Alfa de Cronbach para que o instrumento fosse apropriadamente validado. Os resultados demonstraram que ambas as escalas são compostas por estruturas multifatoriais. Devidamente validado, o IFEGA pode ser utilizado para avaliar os esquemas masculino e feminino do autoconceito de indivíduos do sexo feminino.The purpose of this article was to elaborate and validate the Feminine Inventory of the Self-Concept's Gender Schemas (IFEGA. Composed by two scales (masculine and feminine scales, this instrument evaluates female self-concept's gender schemas. The sample was composed by female university students. Factorial analysis for both scales (Principal Axis Factoring with oblique and orthogonal rotations was performed, as well as the internal factors consistency analysis (Cronbach's Alpha, in order to validate the instrument. The results showed that IFEGA´s scales are composed by multifactorial structures. It can be stated that both scales may be used in the evaluation of the female self-concept's gender schemas.

  6. The law aspects of biotechnology patenting. The living source between discovery and invention; Aspetti giuridici del brevetto biotecnologico. La materia vivente tra scoperta e invenzione

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fontanella, G.; Cantale, C.; Galeffi, P. [ENEA, Divisione Biotecnologie e Agricoltura, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy); Ariemma, S. [ENEA, Unita' Amministrazione, Finanza e Controllo, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The aim of this work is to provide a comprehensive and consistent description of the complexity of laws regulating the field of biotechnology, mainly focusing on the definition of items to be patented, which is one of the most important and also controversial issues within the new 98/44/EC set of rules. As biotechnology is a specialist and multidisciplinary field, it has begun by giving a general description of the field, outlining the grounds for the new rules, and then thoroughly examined and evaluated previous national and international laws especially with regard to patenting. This was followed by an evaluation of what can be patented according to the new instructions by systematically assessing the section defining items to be patented in the field of biotechnology. It is used to be a matter of opinion whether biotechnological material was to be considered a discovery or an invention, the former being impatentable according to patenting laws. The new law pays particular attention to the question of patenting living matter and removes any pre-existing doubt about the patentibility of biotechnological inventions. The special patenting rules were also examined for the neighbouring fields of plant and animal species. In relation to the new patenting instructions, it was tried to establish how drastically the requirements and the premises of patenting, as generally described in the European Patenting Convention, should have been tailored by the authorities in order to reach a more general definition to fit industrial invention. Careful examination of these instructions led everyone to draw some conclusions: the 98/44/EC represents the first set of rules solving some of the problems related to applying patenting regulations in the field of biotechnology. Furthermore, it recognizes the particular characteristics and special requirements of this field and therefore the necessity for distinct indications. Uncertainty remains, however, as a result of some poorly defined

  7. Teoria da resposta ao item aplicada ao Inventário de Depressão Beck Item response theory applied to the Beck Depression Inventory

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    Stela Maris de Jezus Castro

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O Inventário de Depressão Beck (BDI, uma escala que mede o traço latente de intensidade de sintomas depressivos, pode ser avaliado através da Teoria da Resposta ao Item (TRI. Este estudo utilizou o modelo TRI de Resposta Gradual na avaliação da intensidade de sintomas depressivos de 4.025 indivíduos que responderam ao BDI, de modo a explorar eficientemente a informação disponível nos diferentes aspectos possibilitados pelo uso desta metodologia. O ajuste foi efetuado no software PARSCALE. Foram identificados 13 itens do BDI nos quais pelo menos uma categoria de resposta não tinha chance maior que as demais de ser escolhida, de modo que estes itens tiveram de ser recategorizados. Os itens com maior capacidade de discriminação são relativos à tristeza, pessimismo, sentimento de fracasso, insatisfação, auto-aversão, indecisão e dificuldade para trabalhar. Os itens mais graves são aqueles relacionados com perda de peso, retraimento social e idéias suicidas. O grupo dos 202 indivíduos com as maiores intensidades de sintomas depressivos foi composto por 74% de mulheres, e praticamente 84% possuíam diagnóstico de algum transtorno psiquiátrico. Os resultados evidenciam alguns dos inúmeros ganhos advindos da utilização da TRI na análise de traços latentes.The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, a scale that measures the latent trait intensity of depression symptoms, can be assessed by the Item Response Theory (IRT. This study used the Graded-Response model (GRM to assess the intensity of depressive symptoms in 4,025 individuals who responded to the BDI, in order to efficiently use the information available on different aspects enabled by the use of this methodology. The fit of this model was done in PARSCALE software. We identified 13 items of the BDI in which at least one response category was not more likely than others to be chosen, so that these items had to be categorized again. The items with greater power of

  8. Inventário de ciclo de vida da manufatura de seringas odontológicas Life cycle inventory of dental syringes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biagio F. Giannetti

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Uma das formas mais integradas, completas e eficazes para a gestão ambiental de atividades produtivas é baseada no ciclo de vida do produto, sendo a Avaliação do Ciclo de Vida sua principal ferramenta. O produto avaliado é a seringa odontológica tipo Carpule. O objetivo é a realização do Inventário de Ciclo de Vida (ICV simplificado da fabricação de seringas odontológicas tipo Carpule, visando quantificar o uso de energia elétrica e a emissão de resíduos sólidos desde a mineração até o descarte do produto. A estrutura metodológica está baseada nas normas da série NBR ISO 14.040 e ISO 14.040. As fronteiras do estudo incluem as etapas de mineração, beneficiamento e manufatura; a produção do polietileno que compõe o tubete e a embalagem da agulha; a produção do aço, utilizado na fabricação da agulha, e o uso do conjunto pelos dentistas. A unidade funcional utilizada é 10(6 (um milhão de anestesias aplicadas. Na avaliação de melhorias, as soluções propostas permitem reduzir o consumo de energia elétrica em aproximadamente 20% na etapa de manufatura. A quantidade de resíduos sólidos pode ser reduzida de 40% na etapa de manufatura, o que corresponde a aproximadamente 6,50% do total de resíduos sólidos no ciclo de vida da seringa odontológica.Among the methods proposed to environmental management of productive activities, Life Cycle Assessment is one of the most integrated, complete and efficacious. The product assessed is the dental carpule syringe. The aim of this work is to to perform a Streamlined Life Cycle Inventory (LCI to quantify the electric energy consumption and the solid waste release from dental carpule syringes manufacture. The methodological structure is based on NBR ISO 14.040 and ISO 14.040 series. The LCI covers the syringe life cycle from mining to disposal. The limits of the system include the stages of copper and zinc mining and ore beneficiation; the production of polyethylene used for

  9. L’invention de la littérature baroque occitane : Félix-Marcel Castan et Robert Lafont

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Cavaillé

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Il s’agit ici de décrire le contexte d’apparition du syntagme « baroque occitan », et de produire l’analyse des opérations permises par celui-ci, à travers l’examen des entreprises intellectuelles afférentes au baroque de deux de ses principaux promoteurs : Félix-Marcel Castan et Robert Lafont, figures majeures et antagonistes de l’occitanisme à partir de l’immédiate après guerre. Ainsi nous arrêtons-nous sur le triple enjeu de « l’invention » du baroque occitan : I– Conférer une dignité littéraire à un ensemble d’écrits jusque là relégués au statut de « littérature patoise » II– Constituer un corpus unifié et cohérent pour une longue période s’étendant de la deuxième moitié du xvie siècle jusqu’à la Révolution française. III– Définir la spécificité et l’identité culturelle, stylistique et idéologique, et donc l’autonomie du corpus occitan vis à vis de la littérature française et des autres littératures européennes (en particulier italienne et espagnole du début de l’époque moderne. Nous insistons sur l’unité de fond des démarches de Castan et de Lafont à propos du baroque mais aussi sur les divergences d’analyse et d’enjeux intellectuels et idéologiques de leurs entreprises respectives.Our purpose here aims at describing the context of the first appearance of the syntagm “Occitan baroque” and to produce an analysis of the operations permitted by it, through the examination of intellectual endeavors related to the baroque of two of its main proponents Félix Castan-Marcel and Robert Lafont, major and antagonist figures of occitanism in the immediate post war. So we examine the main issues of this “invention” of the “Occitan baroque” in order: I– to give a literary dignity to a set of writings previously relegated to the status of “patois literature” II– to establish an unified and coherent body of writings for a long period

  10. Levantamento qualitativo dos resíduos sólidos industriais nas micro e pequenas indústrias do município de São Carlos (SP) e panorama atual dos inventários estaduais

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme Duarte Martins

    2004-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é levantar qualitativamente os resíduos sólidos industriais gerados pelas diversas atividades industriais no município de São Carlos - SP, aplicando um questionário, e propor diretrizes para futuros inventários. Para tanto realizamos um levantamento das indústrias de transformação do município, usando a lista das indústrias cadastradas na Prefeitura Municipal. Estas indústrias foram classificadas segundo a CNAE (Classificação das Atividades Econômicas), de acordo com...

  11. Inventário das espécies de peixes da costa do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte e aspectos zoogeográficos da ictiofauna recifal do Oceano Atlântico

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Júnior, José

    2006-01-01

    Considerando a reconhecida importância envolvendo o conhecimento acerca da biodiversidade, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi realizar um inventário detalhado das espécies de peixes presentes na costa do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. As espécies foram assinaladas através da coleta de exemplares, registros fotográficos, acompanhamentos dos desembarques da frota pesqueira artesanal, consulta às bases de dados de coleções científicas e registros de literatura, durante o período de janeiro de 2...

  12. Quantitative and theoretical analysis of the joint Department of Energy-National Institute of Standards and Technology Energy-Related Inventions Program from 1975 to 1995: Implications for development of public policy toward innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pevenstein, Jack Edward

    This dissertation presents 18 alternative models for computing the social rate of return (SRR) of the joint Department of Energy (DOE)-National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) from 1975 to 1995. The models differ on the on the choice of societal benefit, adjustments made to the benefits, accounting for initial investments in ERIP and annual program appropriations. Alternative quantitative measures of societal benefit include annual gross market sales of successfully commercialized ERIP-supported inventions, annual energy savings resulting from the use of such inventions, pollution-remediation cost reductions due to decreased carbon emissions from greenhouse gases associated with more efficient energy generation. SRR computation employs the net present value (NPV) model with the SRR being the discount rate that reduces the NPV of a stream of societal benefits to zero over a period of n years given an initial investment and annual program appropriations. The SRR is the total rate of return to the nation from public investment in ERIP. The data used for computation were assembled by Dr. Marilyn A. Brown and her staff at Oak Ridge National Laboratory under contract to DOE since 1985. Other data on energy use and carbon emission from greenhouse gas production come from official publications of DOE's Energy Information Administration. Mean ERIP SRR = 412.7% with standard deviation = +/-426.5%. The population of the SRR sample is accepted as normally distributed at an alpha = 0.05, using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. These SRR's, which appear reasonable in comparison with those computed by Professor Edwin Mansfield, (Wharton School) for inventions and by Dr. Gregory Tassey (NIST Chief Economist) for NIST programs supporting innovations in measurement technology, show a significant underinvestment in public service technology innovation evaluation programs for independent inventors and small technology

  13. "Inventário de ciclo de vida da geração hidrelétrica no Brasil - Usina de Itaipu: primeira aproximação"

    OpenAIRE

    Flavio de Miranda Ribeiro

    2004-01-01

    A Análise de Ciclo de Vida (ACV) tem se mostrado uma importante ferramenta de avaliação ambiental, devido à seu enfoque “sobre função”, que permite considerar o desempenho ambiental de produtos, procedimento cada vez mais requerido por diversos atores sociais. Para que a ACV possa ser utilizada de modo amplo e confiável, faz-se necessário que se desenvolvam bases de dados regionalizadas, contendo Inventários de Ciclo de Vida (ICV) dos principais insumos usados pela sociedade- energia, matéri...

  14. Inventário de expectativas de resultados em usuários de maconha (IERUM: construção e validação Inventory of outcome expectancy in marijuana users (Inventário de Expectativas de Resultados em Usuários de Maconha, IERUM: development and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Este estudo apresenta a construção e validação do Inventário de Expectativas de Resultados em Usuários de Maconha (IERUM, o qual avalia as expectativas de resultados em relação ao uso de maconha, podendo ser importante no tratamento e prognóstico dos dependentes químicos dessa substância. Método: O estudo foi realizado em uma amostra de 181 sujeitos usuários de maconha, homens (n = 145 e mulheres (n = 36, entre 18 e 55 anos (28,34±8,57; 118 estavam internados em unidade de dependência química, 23 em tratamento ambulatorial, 25 em grupo de autoajuda (narcóticos anônimos, alcoólatras anônimos e 15 não estavam em tratamento. A escala de 17 itens foi criada a partir da experiência em dependência química e em validação de escalas, sendo realizada primeiramente a validação semântica. Resultados: De acordo com a análise fatorial, o IERUM dividiu-se em cinco fatores (aspectos emocionais, percepção, craving, aspectos cognitivos e sexualidade que responderam por 60,18% da variância. Conclusão: O IERUM apresentou bons resultados psicométricos, podendo avaliar as expectativas de resultados relacionadas ao uso de maconha.Introduction: This study presents the development and validation of the Inventory of Outcome Expectancy in Marijuana Users (Inventário de Expectativas de Resultados em Usuários de Maconha, IERUM, which evaluates the outcome expectancy regarding marijuana use, and may be useful in the treatment and prognosis of marijuana-dependent individuals. Method: The sample comprised 181 male (n = 145 and female (n = 36 marijuana users. Their age ranged from 18 to 55 years old (28.34±8.57. One hundred and eighteen patients were hospitalized at a chemical dependency unit, 23 were being treated in an outpatient clinic, 25 were receiving treatment in a self-help group (drug addicts anonymous, alcoholic anonymous, and 15 were not being treated. The 17-item scale was developed based on the experience related

  15. Rhétorique culinaire et invention d’un patrimoine culinaire individualisé chez des étudiants étrangers en séjour temporaire à Lyon Culinary rethorics and the invention of an individual food heritage among foreign students in Lyon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédérique Giraud

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se propose de discuter des pratiques culinaires mises en œuvre par des étudiants étrangers lors de leur séjour temporaire en France. Pour ce faire, il examine de façon précise les pratiques et les discours de quatre étudiants rencontrés lors d’une enquête ethnographique menée à Lyon, en 2006-2007 : deux étudiantes chinoises, un étudiant marocain et un étudiant italien. Deux attitudes opposées mais hybrides se font jour. La première attitude que nous avons isolée révèle un désir déclaré de s’ouvrir au maximum à de nouvelles pratiques culinaires, mais elle s’accommode de retours à des pratiques conservatrices. La seconde attitude manifeste la volonté de conserver des pratiques culinaires qui sont présentées comme celles du pays d’origine. Pourtant ces pratiques apparaissent bien plus comme des pratiques d’hybridation, de sélection, de ruptures que des pratiques fidèles à un patrimoine familial ou régional. Il apparaît que les étudiants inventent en France un patrimoine culinaire individualisé.In this paper, we will review the cooking methods used by foreign students during their temporary stay in France. To that effect, we interviewed and observed the techniques of students we met in Lyon in 2006-2007 during an ethnographic survey: two Chinese students, one Moroccan and one Italian student. Two opposite but hybrid trends prevail. The first trend we observed shows a real desire to open itself to a maximum of culinary techniques. However, these techniques are modified by the native conservative influences. The second trend shows the desire to preserve the culinary methods of their country of origin. However, these techniques appear much more as a result of cross fertilization between radical and selective techniques than traditional ones inherited from a family or from a local background. Foreign students in France are in a class by itself.

  16. [History of the tuning fork. I: Invention of the tuning fork, its course in music and natural sciences. Pictures from the history of otorhinolaryngology, presented by instruments from the collection of the Ingolstadt German Medical History Museum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, H

    1997-02-01

    G. Cardano, physician, mathematician, and astrologer in Pavia, Italy, in 1550 described how sound may be perceived through the skull. A few years later H. Capivacci, also a physician in Padua, realized that this phenomenon might be used as a diagnostic tool for differentiating between hearing disorders located either in the middle ear or in the acoustic nerve. The German physician G. C. Schelhammer in 1684 was the first to use a common cutlery fork in further developing the experiments initiated by Cardano and Capivacci. For a long time to come, however, there was no demand for this in practical otology. The tuning fork was invented in 1711 by John Shore, trumpeter and lutenist to H. Purcell and G.F. Händel in London. A picture of Händel's own tuning fork, probably the oldest tuning fork in existence, is presented here for the first time. There are a number of anecdotes connected with the inventor of the tuning fork, using plays on words involving the name Shore, and mixing up pitch-pipe and pitchfork. Some of these are related here. The tuning fork as a musical instrument soon became a success throughout Europe. The German physicist E. F. F. Chladni in Wittenberg around 1800 was the first to systematically investigate the mode of vibration of the tuning fork with its nodal points. Besides this, he and others tried to construct a complete musical instrument based on sets of tuning forks, which, however, were not widely accepted. J. H. Scheibler in Germany in 1834 presented a set of 54 tuning forks covering the range from 220 Hz to 440 Hz, at intervals of 4 Hz. J. Lissajous in Paris constructed a very elaborate tuning fork with a resonance box, which was intended to represent the international standard of the musical note A with 435 vibrations per second, but this remained controversial. K. R. Koenig, a German physicist living in Paris, invented a tuning fork which was kept in continuous vibration by a clockwork. H. Helmholtz, physiologist in Heidelberg, in 1863

  17. Modelagem de redes logísticas com custos de inventário calculados a partir da cobertura de estoque Logistic networks modeling with inventory carrying costs calculated using inventory turnover

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Hamad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A consideração dos custos de inventário tem se tornado cada vez mais importante na análise dos trade-offs e na tomada de decisões sobre redes logísticas. O artigo propõe uma metodologia para tratamento do custo de inventário a partir da cobertura de estoque esperada em cada instalação, incorporada na modelagem matemática da localização de fábricas e/ou centros de distribuição em redes logísticas com vários elos, representando uma nova versão do modelo apresentado em Hamad e Gualda (2008. As principais contribuições desta metodologia em relação a outros métodos encontrados na literatura são a facilidade de aplicação do método, a inclusão de restrições ligadas à capacidade de armazenagem e a consideração do custo total de inventário, e não apenas do custo relacionado aos produtos modelados.Inventory carrying cost has become very important in the analysis of the trade-offs and an important component to be considered when taking decisions about a logistic network. This paper proposes a methodology incorporated in a multi-echelon sourcing decision model, to be considered as a new version of the model presented in Hamad, Gualda (2008. It treats the carrying costs using the inventory Days-on-hand estimate in each echelon of the chain (plants and/or Distribution Centers. The main contributions of this methodology compared to other options found in the literature are the simplicity of its application, the consideration of all inventory costs (not only the ones related to the products being modeled and, also, the inclusion of constraints related to warehousing capacity.

  18. Humor e psicose em esquizofrenia: explorando fronteiras diagnósticas com o Inventário de Critérios Operacionais para Doenças Psicóticas (OPCRIT) e o caso John Nash

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Cristiane Damacarena; Gil, Alexei; Abreu, Paulo Silva Belmonte de; Lobato, Maria Inês

    2004-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: Utilizamos uma simulação diagnóstica no caso John Nash, Prêmio Nobel de Matemática de 1994 e descrito como portador de esquizofrenia, para apresentar o Inventário de Critérios Operacionais para Doenças Psicóticas (OPCRIT) e discutir as frágeis delimitações dos diagnósticos categóricos, bem como o uso de diagnósticos dimensionais em psiquiatria. MÉTODO: Baseados na biografia escrita por Sylvia Nasar e no filme Uma mente brilhante, os autores discutiram a sintomatologia e preenchera...

  19. Breeds of Empire. The « Invention » of the Horse in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa 1500-1950, Greg Bankoff & Sandra Swart (éds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Onillon

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif dirigé par Greg Bankoff et Sandra Swart regroupe neuf contributions, divisées en deux parties, d’historiens spécialisés en histoire environnementale, économique ou sociale et d’une anthropologue. Chacune de ces contributions s’intéresse à l’introduction et à « l’invention » de nouvelles espèces de chevaux en Asie du Sud-Est en général, et particulièrement en Thaïlande, en Indonésie et aux Philippines, mais aussi en Afrique du Sud. Cette introduction s’effectue dans le co...

  20. Reviews Book: Extended Project Student Guide Book: My Inventions Book: ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Classroom Video: The Science of Starlight Software: SPARKvue Book: The Geek Manifesto Ebook: A Big Ball of Fire Apps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    WE RECOMMEND Level 3 Extended Project Student Guide A non-specialist, generally useful and nicely put together guide to project work ASE Guide to Research in Science Education Few words wasted in this handy introduction and reference The Science of Starlight Slow but steady DVD covers useful ground SPARKvue Impressive software now available as an app WORTH A LOOK My Inventions and Other Writings Science, engineering, autobiography, visions and psychic phenomena mixed in a strange but revealing concoction The Geek Manifesto: Why Science Matters More enthusiasm than science, but a good motivator and interesting A Big Ball of Fire: Your questions about the Sun answered Free iTunes download made by and for students goes down well APPS Collider visualises LHC experiments ... Science Museum app enhances school trips ... useful information for the Cambridge Science Festival

  1. Inventive activity of the Department of Protein Structure and Function of the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry of NAS of Ukraine. Part I. Development of the diagnostic methods for detection of hemostasis disorders and characterization of certain blood coagulation factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Danilova

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The practical aspects of inventive activity of the Department of Protein Structure and Function of the Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, NAS of Ukraine are highlighted in this article. Through years of fundamental and applied researches of blood coagulation system proteins, initiated by luminaries of the world biochemistry O. V. Palladin and V. O. Belitser, the Department staff have developed a considerable number of methods, techniques and tests for the assessment of the state of the hemostasis system, which were approved in many clinics. In the first part of this work the authors describe the development of the diagnostic methods for identifying the homeostasis system disorders in detail, as well as characterize certain coagulation factors.

  2. Inventário de sexismo ambivalente: sua adaptação e relação com o gênero Ambivalent sexism inventory: its adaptation and correlation with gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton S. Formiga

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar para o Brasil o Inventário de Sexismo Ambivalente (Glick & Fiske, 1996, assim como conhecer em que medida suas pontuações são diferentes em função do gênero. Este instrumento é constituído por 22 itens, respondidos em escala de cinco pontos, tipo Likert e teoricamente avalia dois fatores: sexismo hostil e sexismo benévolo. A amostra foi composta de 200 graduandos do curso de Psicologia de uma universidade privada, de ambos os sexos. A aplicação deste inventário foi coletiva, nas salas de aula, garantido o anonimato das respostas. Os resultados confirmaram a existência dos dois fatores hipotetizados, e indicaram uma correlação do sexismo com o gênero; especificamente, os homens apresentam maior sexismo hostil, enquanto as mulheres pontuaram mais em relação ao sexismo benévolo. Estes resultados são discutidos à luz da literatura sobre os estereótipos de gênero.This study aimed (1 to adapt the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (Glick & Fiske, 1996 to the Brazilian reality, and (2 to evaluate the variability of its scores in relation to gender. This instrument is composed of 22 items that should be responded to on 5-point Likert-scale; theoretically, it evaluates two factors: hostile sexism and benevolent sexism. Two hundred (male and female Psychology undergraduate students of a private university took part in the sample. The questionnaires were completed collectively during class, and the subjects were assured of the anonymity of their answers. The results confirmed the existence of both hypothesized factors, and indicated a correlation of sexism with gender. Specifically, male score were higher in hostile sexism, while female scores were higher in benevolent sexism. These results are discussed with the stereotype of gender background found in the literature.

  3. Análise da estrutura fatorial do inventário fatorial de personalidade — IFP - doi: 10.5102/ucs.v2i1.519

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Medeiros de Araújo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Inventários psicológicos são usados para avaliar aspectos psicológicos dos indivíduos, bem como para testar teorias sobre a personalidade em geral. O Inventário Fatorial de Personalidade (IFP é uma adaptação de uma versão modificada do Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS, desenvolvido por Allen L. Edwards em 1953 e 1959, com a finalidade de medir 15 dimensões da personalidade. O desenvolvimento dos itens, representativos dos 15 fatores do EPPS, seguiu a Teoria da Personologia de Murray (1938. De acordo com Murray, as pessoas possuem várias necessidades, que funcionam como elementos em processos motivacionais, e mediam seus atos e comportamentos ao longo de toda a vida. O objetivo deste trabalho foi de testar, através da análise dos componentes principais e da análise fatorial, a estabilidade das 15 dimensões gerais do IFP e a natureza dimensional específica de cada um desses 15 fatores, quando considerados isoladamente. A amostra final obtidos através de um processo de seleção psicológica (Amostra 3.806 sujeitos. Análises fatoriais confirmatórias foram feitas para cada um dos 15 fatores obtidos originalmente por Pasquali (1997. Estes últimos resultados reproduziram a estrutura fatorial geral do IFP, mas também sugeriram a possível presença de fatores de segunda ordem, compostos por diferentes itens oriundos de uma mesma dimensão.

  4. Dementia caregiver burden: reliability of the Brazilian version of the Zarit caregiver burden interview Sobrecarga do cuidador de pacientes com demência: confiabilidade da versão brasileira do inventário de sobrecarga de Zarit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Taub

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The object of this article is to examine the reliability of the Brazilian version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview (ZBI. The instrument is a 22-item scale assessing the extent to which caregivers view their responsibilities as having an adverse impact on their social life, health, emotional well-being, and finances. We assessed 50 primary informal caregivers of demented patients coming from 3 different health care centers, using the test-retest method. Analysis of the results showed an intraclass reliability coefficient of 0.88, while Cronbach's coefficient alpha was 0.77 for the test and 0.80 for the retest items. The Brazilian version of ZBI shows sufficient reliability, comparable to the original version.O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a confiabilidade da versão brasileira do Inventário de Sobrecarga do Cuidador em familiares de pacientes com demência. O Inventário consiste em 22 questões que avaliam o impacto das atividades de cuidados nas esferas física, psicológica e social. O instrumento foi aplicado a 50 cuidadores captados em três diferentes centros e o método utilizado foi o teste-reteste. A análise dos resultados mostrou coeficiente intra-classe de 0,88 e Alpha de Cronbach de 0,77 e 0,80 no teste e no reteste, com resultados comparáveis ao estudo original, mostrando-se confiável para ser utilizado como uma medida da sobrecarga apresentada pelos cuidadores de pacientes com demência.

  5. Propriedades psicométricas da versão portuguesa do Inventário Geriátrico de Ansiedade numa amostra de idosos utentes de estruturas residenciais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Daniel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Contexto: O progressivo aumento na prevalência, tanto de sintomatologia como de perturbações de ansiedade nas idades avançadas, aconselha a utilização extensiva de inventários no rastreio nesta população que, em todos os lugares do mundo, se tem tornado cada vez mais numericamente expressiva. Objetivos: O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar os resultados dos estudos de validação e de fidedignidade da versão portuguesa do Inventário Geriátrico de Ansiedade (GAI numa amostra de idosos institucionalizados. Métodos: Depois da tradução e retroversão do GAI, a versão portuguesa foi administrada a 805 idosos institucionalizados. A fidedignidade da escala foi avaliada através do coeficiente alfa de Cronbach e a validade fatorial através do método de extração de componentes principais. O estudo da validade convergente foi efetuado com a Escala Geriátrica de Depressão e com a Lista de Afetos Negativos, enquanto a validade descriminante foi efetuada com a Lista de Afetos Positivos e a Escala de Satisfação com a Vida. Utilizámos a análise fatorial confirmatória com recurso aos modelos de equações estruturais. Usámos a área sob a curva ROC (AUC para prever a presença de perturbação de ansiedade generalizada. Resultados: A escala apresenta boa consistência interna (α = 0,94 e bons indicadores de validade convergente e divergente, todos significativos. O modelo revelou uma boa qualidade de ajustamento aos dados (χ2/gl = 2,81; TLI = 0,96; CFI = 0,96; RMSEA = 0,05, apoiando uma solução de um fator único. A análise ROC revelou uma sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 84,7% na deteção de perturbação de ansiedade generalizada com um ponto de corte de 13 (AUC = 0,92. Finalmente, verificou-se que as mulheres apresentam pontuações médias mais altas do que os homens. Conclusões: O GAI apresenta boas qualidades psicométricas e fatorial para medir sintomas de ansiedade em rastreios epidemiológicos e em contextos

  6. A colecção fotográfica "Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa" de João Miguel Santos Simões (1960-1968: objecto artístico, documento e memória The Photography Collection "Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa", by João Miguel Santos Simões (1960-1968: artistic object, document and memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alexandra Trindade Gago da Câmara

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O "Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa" é um conjunto de espécies fotográficas coladas em cartão. Composta por 5028 documentos fotográficos ( a p& b e a cores, esta colecção faz parte de um projecto mais abrangente e ambicioso proposto pelo estudioso da Azulejaria Portuguesa João Miguel Santos Simões (1907-1972 à Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian em Lisboa no ano de 1958, de que resultaram a criação da Brigada de Estudos da Azulejaria e o Corpus da Azulejaria Portuguesa que a Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian editou entre 1963 e 1970. Cobrindo um vastíssimo território geográfico continental e atlântico, este espólio fotográfico - desde 2005 digitalizado e disponível online a partir da pesquisa do catálogo da Biblioteca de Arte da FGC - reverte-se de um importante interesse como documento histórico no estudo e levantamento do Património em Azulejo ainda existente e parte desaparecido. O propósito deste texto é apresentar e validar a importância enquanto memória documental desta mesma colecção, no âmbito de uma estrutura de organização mais vasta, como foi o rastreio sistemático e a recolha de elementos informativos e actualizados no tempo sobre a azulejaria portuguesa."Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa" is a collection of photographs pasted onto cardboard. Comprising 5028 photographic documents (in colour and black and white, the collection is part of a broader, more ambitious project proposed by Portuguese tile researcher João Miguel Santos Simões (1807-1972 to the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in 1958, a project that resulted in the publication of Brigada de Estudos da Azulejaria and Corpus da Azulejaria Portuguesa by the Foundation between 1963 and 1970. Covering a vast continental and Atlantic geographic territory, these photographic spoils - digitalized in 2005 and available online through the catalogue of the CGF's Art Library - constitute an important historical document for the study and inventorying of

  7. Geotecnologias: a chave da integração de dados para otimizar o inventário e monitoramento fl orestal / Geo-technologies: the key for data integration for the improvement of forest inventory and monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attilio Antonio Disperati

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Em um ambiente globalizado é cada vez maior a busca de produtosfl orestais, como também está mais intensa a consciência ecológica.Assim, manter atualizada uma base espacial da cartografia dosrecursos fl orestais existentes, em níveis regional e global, quer sejapara estimativas volumétricas ou de biomassa, análise de diversidade e condições da fragmentação de habitats, favorece um planejamentode uso em regime sustentável. Para tal, a tecnologia que envolve osensoriamento remoto tem demonstrado importante contribuição com seus produtos aerotransportados ou orbitais e suas técnicas de extração de informações, nas tarefas de mapeamento, inventário e monitoramentofl orestal. Com objetivo de compor a abertura desse número especial da Revista Ambiência, o presente artigo mostra de maneira sintetizada os novos rumos das pesquisas e aplicações em sensoriamento remoto, comoferramenta tecnológica capaz de subsidiar a avaliação e acompanhamentodos recursos fl orestais.

  8. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory - student version: cultural adaptation and validation into Portuguese Inventário de Oldenburg para estudantes: adaptação cultural e validação para o português

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    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory for college students (OLBI-S was adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and its reliability and validity were measured in a sample of both Brazilian (n=958 and Portuguese (n=602 college students. The confirmatory factor analysis of the OLBI-S showed good fit but two items were removed since they lacked individual reliability (λRealizou-se adaptação cultural do Inventário de Oldenburg para estudantes (OLBI-S em português e estimou-se sua confiabilidade e validade. O OLBI-S foi preenchido por 958 estudantes universitários brasileiros e 602 portugueses. O modelo fatorial original apresentou ajustamento adequado mas foram removidos dois itens com confiabilidade individual baixa (λ<0,5. A nova estrutura apresentou bom ajustamento a 2/3 da amostra total sendo invariante no 1/3 restante da amostra. Verificou-se baixa consistência interna e validade convergente, confiabilidade compósita aceitável, boa validade discriminante, concorrente e divergente. O OLBI-S não foi invariante nas amostras de Brasil e Portugal. O OLBI-S apresentou limitações e ausência de validade transcultural nas amostras estudadas.

  9. Características psicométricas da versão em português do Brasil do Inventário de Ansiedade Social para Crianças (SPAI-C

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    Gauer, Gabriel José Chittó

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno de ansiedade social (fobia social em crianças pode resultar em prejuízo imediato e a longo prazo, inclusive em aspectos do funcionamento diário e realização do desenvolvimento social/profissional destes pacientes. O uso do Inventário de Ansiedade e Fobia Social para Crianças (SPAI-C vem sendo usado para a avaliação do transtorno de ansiedade social em crianças, principalmente em populações norte-americanas. O estudo atual revisa os resultados dos estudos de validade prévios para a versão em Português do Brasil do SPAI-C e dois aspectos mais atuais: sensibilidade a mudança devido ao tratamento e validade discriminante. Os resultados indicam que a versão brasileira da SPAI-C é uma medida segura e válida de ansiedade social para uso no Brasil

  10. “ROMANIAN SOCIOLOGY”: A STRATEGIC INVENTION

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    IONUŢ BUTOI

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study I evaluate the group context and functions associated to the Romanian Sociology journal, in relation to the institutionalization phenomenon of the School of Sociology in Bucharest. The analysis is limited to issues of the journal in its year of birth (1936 and focuses on the organizational manner and the place occupied by this magazine within the larger ensemble of all gustian projects. I demonstrate that the Romanian Sociology, as it appeared in 1936, was a magazine created at the initiative of D. Gusti, and its role was, from the outset, to enforce and strengthen the image of the monographist group as a „School”. It was built as a canvas designed to provide coherence to the many gustian initiatives and should be seen as an illustrative tribune for the „old” monographists rather than the young. Moreover, it was a privileged place to promote Gusti’s institutional development agenda

  11. The Invention of the Wireless Communication Engine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Kooij, B.J.G.

    2017-01-01

    Wireless technology, taken for granted today, was once an innovative wonder that would forever change how the world communicates. Developed by Guglielmo Marconi in the latter half of the nineteenth century, wireless telegraphy combined advancements made by Samuel Morse, William Cooke, Charles

  12. Invention and Surrection of la Deleuziana

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    Véronique Bergen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Any given portrait of la Deleuziana is a negative portrait entangled in the paradox of appearing when disappearing, under the banner of The Unknown Masterpiece: the painter Frenhofer attempts to give a pictorial consistence to a woman who flees in the ungraspable. Frenhofer found the impossible point, that which subtracts the representa tive expression. By making Alice one of the possible instances of la Deleuziana, in all her compossible becomings (becoming simultaneously larger and smaller, in the order of the event, evading the imperious line of Chronos, we stumble across one of the main conceptual batteries of Deleuze: the distinction between Chonos and Aion, between the actualised time of history and the suspended time of virtualities.

  13. Invention et surrection de la Deleuziana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Véronique Bergen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Any given portrait of la Deleuziana is a negative portrait entangled in the paradox of appearing when disappearing, under the banner of The Unknown Masterpiece: the painter Frenhofer attempts to give a pictorial consistence to a woman who flees in the ungraspable. Frenhofer found the impossible point, that which subtracts the representa tive expression. By making Alice one of the possible instances of la Deleuziana, in all her compossible becomings (becoming simultaneously larger and smaller, in the order of the event, evading the imperious line of Chronos, we stumble across one of the main conceptual batteries of Deleuze: the distinction between Chonos and Aion, between the actualised time of history and the suspended time of virtualities.

  14. The Invention and Institutionalization of Volunteer Centers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Håkon; Henriksen, Lars Skov

    2014-01-01

    the Norwegian centers lacked a national coordinating unit. Third, an independent legal form in which local associations are members may have helped Danish centers bring about a sense of local ownership. In Norway, volunteer centers had weak ties to other local voluntary associations and were at times perceived...

  15. Train inventive engineers for the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr.Ir. Hay Geraedts

    2012-01-01

    These are hard days for companies: they have to survive in a market that has been hit by a financial crisis. Many countries in Europe have severe problems trying to overcome this financial crisis. The main remedy applied by governments is to cut back on expenditure, but on the other hand it is said

  16. The invention of the psychosocial: An introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayward, Rhodri

    2012-12-01

    Although the compound adjective 'psychosocial' was first used by academic psychologists in the 1890s, it was only in the interwar period that psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers began to develop detailed models of the psychosocial domain. These models marked a significant departure from earlier ideas of the relationship between society and human nature. Whereas Freudians and Darwinians had described an antagonistic relationship between biological instincts and social forces, interwar authors insisted that individual personality was made possible through collective organization. This argument was advanced by dissenting psychoanalysts such as Ian Suttie and Karen Horney; biologists including Julian Huxley and Hans Selye; philosophers (e.g. Olaf Stapledon), anthropologists (e.g. Margaret Mead) and physicians (e.g John Ryle and James Halliday). This introduction and the essays that follow sketch out the emergence of the psycho-social by examining the methods, tools and concepts through which it was articulated. New statistical technologies and physiological theories allowed individual pathology to be read as an index of broader social problems and placed medical expertise at the centre of new political programmes. In these arguments the intangible structure of social relationships was made visible and provided a template for the development of healthy and effective forms of social organization. By examining the range of techniques deployed in the construction of the psychosocial (from surveys of civilian neurosis, techniques of family observation through to animal models of psychotic breakdown) a critical genealogy of the biopolitical basis of modern society is developed.

  17. Necessity Is the Mother of Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Diana Armatage

    2010-01-01

    Parents accustomed to a free and appropriate public education for their special children are shocked to find that there is no comparable housing assistance program when it is time for their adult children to finish school and leave home. An adult child's SSI income is usually less than the average monthly apartment rent in his neighborhood, so…

  18. The Invention of the Nordic Cuisine

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    Francesco Mangiapane

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes an analysis of the success of the restaurant Noma in Copenhagen. In order to achieve this goal, it focuses on the viewpoint of its chef, René Redzepi and analyses the new trending culinary movement known as New Nordic Cuisine. Behind the success of the restaurant Noma, a deep reconfiguration of the Northern European culinary culture can be recognized which is not limited to food but claims for a general turnover of the entire Scandinavian identity. The article enlightens a deep connection between the story of the fictional character Babette (protagonist of both the short novel and the movie “Babette’s Feast” and the shift led by the New Nordic Cuisine’s movement over the identity of Northern Europe. Also, it shows how this new foundation represents a contemporary attempt of “reinvention” of the tradition, being built through aesthetic and semiotic tools turned into gastronomic actions.

  19. Invention of a nasolacrimal stent retrieval hook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Tae Hyung; Kim, Yeong Kyun; Park, Sang Soo; Song, Ho Young

    1997-01-01

    To evaluate the clinical usefulness of a nasolacrimal stent retrieval hook The retrieval hook consisted of two parts, a hook and pusher. The head of the hook part was made of 0.7mm stainless steel wire and was question mark-shaped, while the body of this part was constructed by soldering together four stainless steel pipes ranging in thickness from 1.25 to 3.5mm, serially. The pusher part was made of two plastic tubes and was designed in such a way that the hook grasped the stent tightly. The device was used to remove 46 stents in 40 patients, and tested for 1) average number of trials;2) success rate;and 3) average time of the procedure. The average number of trials, success rate, and average time taken to remove the stent was 4.7, 91%, and 1.8 minutes, respectively. In the removal of nasolacrimal stents, the retrieval hook was easy to use, useful and effective

  20. CLASSICS Invention of the Integrated Circuit

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    cost, bulk, and reliability of the electronics. One of the first attempts to simplify the manufacturing process was carried out under. National Bureau of Standards sponsorship. Their proximity fuse requirements necessi- tated compact rugged electronic subsystems. The Centralab Division of Globe-Union,. Inc. proposed a ...

  1. 77 FR 27365 - Inventions and Contributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... awards, including patent application awards, software release awards, and Tech Brief awards, and to... awards for release of software, to provide initial awards for the issuance of patents based upon... reflect current accounting techniques used at the Agency. Additional revisions include rendering the...

  2. The invention that is shaping Linac4

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    Accelerator experts are no strangers to innovative optimizations of existing techniques and to the development of novel solutions. Sometimes, they even come up with ideas that have the potential to revolutionize the field. This is the case with the Tolerance Aligned Cantilever Mounting (TACM) system, a completely new way of supporting the drift tubes, one of the core elements of linear accelerators. The new, patent-pending technique will be implemented at Linac4.   Drift tubes in a prototype for Linac4, assembled using the new TACM technology. “Assemble and adjust” – that was the technique used to build drift-tube linacs before the arrival of the TACM. Now, the inventors’ motto has become ‘adjust and assemble’. The inversion of these two words represents a real revolution for people working in the field. “The drift tubes are a critical element of Linac4 and they have to satisfy several requirements: they have to be mechanically ...

  3. Inventions on GUI for Touch Sensitive Screens

    OpenAIRE

    Mishra, Umakant

    2014-01-01

    A touch sensitive screen displays the information on the screen and also receives the input by sensing a user's touch on the same screen. This mechanism facilitates system interaction directly through the screen without needing a mouse or keyboard. This method has the advantage to make the system compact by removing keyboard, mouse and similar interactive device. However there are certain difficulties to implement a touch screen interface. The display screens of portable devices are becoming ...

  4. CLASSICS Invention of the Integrated Circuit

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    CLASSICS. Jack Kilby demonstrated the working of the world's first integrated circuit in September 1958. He was awarded ... bility was established. In the early 1950's, Robert Henry of this group, working under ..... to the Air Force a small working computer complete with a few hundred bits of semiconductor memory, and. 1.

  5. "Technique" and Artistic Imitation and Invention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Younes, Samir

    2012-01-01

    Contrary to the general belief that modernist art and architecture reflect the technological society, Jacques Ellul maintains in his "L'empire du non-sens" that they are justifications for the integration of humankind into what he called the technicist complex. Modernism in art and architecture meant that every product must be qualified by a…

  6. The invention of fiberoptic videoguide intubation | Saadatmand ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Airway management is one of the most important medical priorities. Despite its benefits, intubation can be sometimes associated with many complications and hardships. Hard intubation can have dangerous consequences, including hypoxia, increased intracranial pressure, cardiac collapse-vascular, traumatic ...

  7. Inventions on Displaying and Resizing Windows

    OpenAIRE

    Mishra, Umakant

    2014-01-01

    Windows are used quite frequently in a GUI environment. The greatest advantage of using windows is that each window creates a virtual screen space. Hence, although the physical screen space is limited to a few inches, use of windows can create unlimited screen space to display innumerable items. The use of windows facilitates the user to open and interact with multiple programs or documents simultaneously in different windows. Sometimes a single program may also open multiple windows to displ...

  8. Tafocenoses da Formação Pimenteira, Devoniano da Bacia do Parnaíba, Piauí: Mapeamento, Inventário e Relevância Patrimonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Corral Martins de Oliveira Ponciano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante trabalhos de campo realizados nos últimos dez anos ao longo da borda leste da Bacia do Parnaíba, no Estado do Piauí, tem-se observado uma contínua destruição de afloramentos fossilíferos da Formação Pimenteira, sendo claramente motivo de preocupação. No atual momento de retomada dos estudos sobre esta formação, a realização de inventários amplos, abrangendo todos os grupos fósseis de determinadas regiões, assim como seu contexto geológico, é uma forma de proteção ao patrimônio geológico que deve ser efetuada. O objetivo do presente trabalho é a caracterização da composição e do modo de ocorrência das tafocenoses, além da valoração relativa da importância dos numerosos sítios fossilíferos da Formação Pimenteira, contribuindo para a sua conservação. Este levantamento reúne dados inéditos obtidos a partir de 2005, informações disponíveis na literatura e dados não publicados, como dissertações e teses, cadernetas de campo, fotos de diversas épocas e registros de amostras da Formação Pimenteira depositadas em coleções científicas de diferentes museus e universidades. Desde o trabalho pioneiro de Caster (1948, as tafocenoses da Formação Pimenteira têm sido caracterizadas como erráticas e relacionadas principalmente aos arenitos. Estas interpretações iniciais sofreram alteração significativa após a excursão realizada em 2009, que revelou novos sítios e horizontes fossilíferos em depósitos com litologias diversas (siltitos, arenitos e conglomerados. Com base no presente inventário, consideram-se como mais relevantes os seguintes afloramentos: Morro Branco de Kegel, Rio Sambito, Morro do Cemitério, BR-316/km 318, Itainópolis, Riachão, São João Vermelho e PI-466/km 12. Estas localidades são as mais citadas na literatura e algumas apresentam maior valor histórico e uma considerável diversidade de tafocenoses capazes de fornecer dados sobre o paleoambiente deposicional, a g

  9. Qualidades psicométricas do Inventário de Habilidades Sociais (IHS: estudo sobre a estabilidade temporal e a validade concomitante Psychometric qualities of a Social Skills Inventory (IHS: a study of its temporal stability and concomitant validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bandeira

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa investiga as qualidades psicométricas do Inventário de Habilidades Sociais (IHS em termos de sua validade concomitante e de sua fidedignidade ou estabilidade temporal. Participaram desta pesquisa, 104 estudantes de Psicologia que foram submetidos à aplicação do IHS e da Escala de Assertividade de Rathus. Os resultados mostram uma correlação significativa entre estas duas escalas de avaliação. Os dados referentes à aplicação teste-reteste do IHS, em uma subamostra aleatória de 39 sujeitos, mostram igualmente um correlação significativa entre as duas aplicações. Estes resultados indicam que o IHS possui validade concomitante e fidedignidade ou estabilidade temporal. Estas conclusões complementam os resultados de estudos anteriores sobre as qualidades psicométricas do IHS e recomendam a utilização desta escala para avaliar as habilidades sociais de estudantes universitários no contexto brasileiro.This research investigates the psychometric properties of the Social Skills Inventory (IHS in terms of its concomitant validity and reliability. A sample of 104 psychology students participated in this research. Two scales were applied to the subjects, the IHS and the Rathus Assertiveness Scale. The results showed a significant correlation between the IHS and the Rathus Scale scores. The IHS was also reapplied to a randomized sub-sample of 39 students. The results of this test-retest application also showed a significant correlation between these scores. The results indicate that the IHS has concomitant validity and reliability or temporal stability. This study adds positive results to a previous study investigating some other psychometric properties of the IHS and recommends the use of this scale for the evaluation of college student social skills.

  10. Sir Humphry Davy and the coal miners of the world: a commentary on Davy (1816) 'An account of an invention for giving light in explosive mixtures of fire-damp in coal mines'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, John Meurig

    2015-04-13

    In the period between 1815 and 1818, Sir Humphry Davy read four papers to the Royal Society and published a monograph dealing with a safety lamp for coal miners, all of which record in detail the experimental work that he carried out, with his assistant Michael Faraday, so as to determine how to prevent catastrophic accidents in coal mines by the explosion of fire-damp (methane) in the presence of a naked flame. This article describes the key experiments that he performed at the Royal Institution and some of the subsequent trials made in the coal mines of the north of England. It begins, however, with an account of Davy's prior achievements in science before he was approached for help by the clergymen and doctors in the Gateshead and Newcastle upon Tyne areas. There is little doubt that the Davy lamp, from the 1820s onwards, transformed the coal industry worldwide. It also profoundly influenced the science of combustion, and in the words of a pioneer in that field, W. A. Bone, FRS, 'There is no better model of logical experimental procedure, accurate reasoning, philosophical outlook and fine literary expression.' It is a remarkable fact that it took Davy essentially only two weeks from the time he was given samples of fire-damp to solve the problem and to devise his renowned miner's safety lamp. A brief account is also given of the contemporaneous invention of a safety lamp by George Stephenson, and of some of Davy's subsequent accomplishments. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  11. Sir Humphry Davy and the coal miners of the world: a commentary on Davy (1816) ‘An account of an invention for giving light in explosive mixtures of fire-damp in coal mines’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, John Meurig

    2015-01-01

    In the period between 1815 and 1818, Sir Humphry Davy read four papers to the Royal Society and published a monograph dealing with a safety lamp for coal miners, all of which record in detail the experimental work that he carried out, with his assistant Michael Faraday, so as to determine how to prevent catastrophic accidents in coal mines by the explosion of fire-damp (methane) in the presence of a naked flame. This article describes the key experiments that he performed at the Royal Institution and some of the subsequent trials made in the coal mines of the north of England. It begins, however, with an account of Davy's prior achievements in science before he was approached for help by the clergymen and doctors in the Gateshead and Newcastle upon Tyne areas. There is little doubt that the Davy lamp, from the 1820s onwards, transformed the coal industry worldwide. It also profoundly influenced the science of combustion, and in the words of a pioneer in that field, W. A. Bone, FRS, ‘There is no better model of logical experimental procedure, accurate reasoning, philosophical outlook and fine literary expression.’ It is a remarkable fact that it took Davy essentially only two weeks from the time he was given samples of fire-damp to solve the problem and to devise his renowned miner's safety lamp. A brief account is also given of the contemporaneous invention of a safety lamp by George Stephenson, and of some of Davy's subsequent accomplishments. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750144

  12. Elaboração e estudo de propriedades psicométricas do Inventário de Práticas Parentais Elaboration and psychometric evaluation of the Parental Practices Inventory

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    Silvia Pereira da Cruz Benetti

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é construir um inventário das práticas de socialização empregadas por pais e mães com filhos na idade escolar. A necessidade de construir e de verificar as qualidades psicométricas desta nova medida das práticas parentais, baseada nas teorias socio-cognitivas e sistêmicas, é sistematicamente apresentada. Uma amostra de 106 pais, de ambos os sexos, de crianças com idades que variam entre seis e dez anos foi utilizada para se verificarem as propriedades psicométricas dessa primeira versão. Os resultados obtidos com a amostra em estudo, especificamente aqueles relativos às análises de itens e de dimensões, das correlações e da estrutura fatorial exploratória, corroboram mais fortemente o construto teórico do que as fortes previsões sugeridas por cálculos de correlação interdimensões. Pesquisas são ainda necessárias a fim de prosseguir os estudos psicométricos do IPP.The goal of this study is to develop a Parental Practices Inventory (IPP assessing mothers and fathers’ socialization behaviors with school-age children. The need to build and verify the psychometric characteristics of the new instrument, based on social-cognition and systemic theoretical viewpoints, is systematically presented. A sample of 106 parents mothers and fathers with children aged from 6 to 10 years old was utilized to assess the psychometrics characteristics of the first version. Item and dimension analysis, correlation and exploratory factor analysis were performed on the results, which support the theoretical construct of the instrument. Further studies are still needed to obtain more data about the validity of the instrument IPP.

  13. Relating LANDSAT ETM+ and forest inventory data for mapping successional stages in a tropical wet forest / Relacionando LANDSAT ETM+ e dados de inventário florestal para mapeamento estádios sucessionais em uma floresta tropical úmida

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    Fábio G. Gonçalves

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIn this study, we test whether an existing classification technique based on the integration of LANDSAT ETM+ and forest inventory data enables detailed characterization of successional stages in a tropical wet forest site. The specific objectives were: (1 to map forest age classes across the La Selva Biological Station in Costa Rica; and (2 to quantify uncertainties in the proposed approach in relation to field data and existing vegetation maps. Although significant relationships between vegetation hight entropy (a surrogate for forest age and ETM+ data were detected, the classification scheme tested in this study was not suitable for characterizing spatial variation in age at La Selva, as evidenced by the error matrix and the low Kappa coefficient (0.129. Factors affecting the performance of the classification at this particular study site include the smooth transition in vegetation structure between intermediate and late successional stages, and the low sensitivity of NDVI to variations in vertical structure at high biomass levels. ResumoNesse estudo, testamos se uma técnica de classificação existente, baseada na integração de imagens LANDSAT ETM+ e os dados de inventário florestal, permite a caracterização detalhada dos estádios sucessionais em uma área de floresta tropical úmida. Os objetivos específicos foram: (1 mapear classes de idade florestal na Estação Biológica La Selva, na Costa Rica, e (2 quantificar as incertezas da abordagem proposta em relação aos dados de campo e mapas de vegetação existente. Apesar de terem sido detectadas relações significativas entre dados ETM+ e medidas de entropia da altura da vegetação (um substituto para a idade florestal o sistema de classificação testados nesse estudo não se demonstrou adequado para caracterizar a variação espacial em idade em La Selva, como evidenciado pela matriz de erro e o baixo coeficiente Kappa (0,129. Fatores que afetam o desempenho da

  14. En torno a la invención de la realidad en el cine contemporáneo de ciencia ficción / Around Invention of Reality in Contemporary Science Fiction Films

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    David Moriente

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available En las dos últimas décadas se ha podido detectar un interés creciente por la vida cotidiana y el realismo en el cine de ciencia ficción. Por este motivo, el presente ensayo analiza cómo se construye la realidad en el cine contemporáneo dentro de dicho género. Partiendo del punto de inflexión que supusieron en la cultura los acontecimientos del 11-S en estados Unidos, el texto estudia las líneas rectoras de uso de un hipotético realismo modal en el cine de ciencia ficción que incorporaría retóricas y recursos tomados de los «cines de lo real» que posibilitaría efectuar pronósticos sobre el comportamiento de la sociedad del futuro inminente. Se propone el análisis de la película de Michael Winterbottom, Código 46 (2003, como conclusión de las características de la tendencia antes señalada.Palabras clave: cine de ciencia ficción contemporáneo, retórica documental, realidad, realismo modal, sociedad contemporánea, estudios culturales, Código 46.AbstractIn the last two decades, we could identify an increasing interest on realistic everyday life on science fiction films. This paper analyzes how the reality is invented in contemporary films. Additionally, the text reviews the key aspect of 9/11 events in US and its cultural influence in an hypothetic modal realism in science fiction films; this pattern incorporates visual strategies took from documentary practices which carries out prognosis over imminent future society. Finally, the article suggests analyzing Michael Winterbottom’s Code 46 (2003 as a paradigm of this new form of realism.Keywords: contemporary science fiction cinema, documentary rhetoric, reality, modal realism, contemporary society, cultural studies, Code 46.

  15. The Rutter Children Behaviour Questionnaire for teachers: from psychometrics to norms, estimating caseness Inventário do comportamento de Rutter para professores: da psicometria as normas, estimando casos

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    John M. Klein

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available To establish the psychometric properties of the RCBQ for completion by teachers and to determine behavioural and emotional problems in young children, as they occur in the classroom, we asked 45 elementary school teachers of the north of Portugal to rate classroom behaviour of their pupils based on Rutter Children's Behaviour Questionnaire for teachers. A total of 970 Portuguese mid class children (530 girls and 440 boys aged between 8 to 11 years (M=8.47; SD=.771 were evaluated. A two factor structure was found to be suitable, exhibiting an acceptable reliability and test-retest values along a 3-month period. An average of 16.1% of the pupils exhibited some behavioural problems, where teachers described anxiety (3.1%, worry (5.1% and unconcentration (14.1% as the most prevalent symptoms. The findings suggest that the translated scale could serve as a rapid and useful screening instrument in clinical and in research settings.Com o objetivo de estabelecer as propriedades psicométricas do Inventário do Comportamento de Rutter na sua forma completa para professores e, determinar os problemas comportamentais e emocionais em crianças, tal como eles ocorrem na sala de aula, foi pedido a 45 professores do 1º CEB do Norte de Portugal para classificarem os comportamentos de 970 alunos (530 meninas e 440 meninos, com idades compreendidas entre os 8 e os 11 anos (M =8,47; DP=0,771. Foi encontrada uma estrutura fatorial de dois fatores, que exibiu uma fidelidade e valores de teste-reteste aceitáveis ao longo de um período de 3 meses. Verificou-se que 16,1% dos alunos apresentavam algum problema ao nível do comportamento, e foram descritos pelos professores como os sintomas mais prevalentes: ansiedade (3,1%, preocupação (5,1% e dificuldades de concentração (1,.1%. Os resultados mostram que o instrumento traduzido pode ser útil e simples tanto em contexto clínico como de investigação.

  16. A sexualidade na etiologia das neuroses e a invenção da psicanálise/The role of sexuality in the etiology of neuroses and the invention of psychoanalysis

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    Márcio Aparecido Mariguela

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1917, Freud definiu a sexualidade como tudo o que se relaciona com a distinção entre os dois sexos. Dessa premissa, extraiu uma conclusão: aquilo que é sexual é da ordem do impróprio. Minha estratégia nesse artigo é retornar à hipótese da sexualidade infantil para demarcar a invenção da psicanálise como arte da escuta desse algo impróprio que deve ser mantido secreto. Proponho uma leitura do artigo “A hereditariedade e a etiologia das neuroses”, escrito em francês e publicado por Freud em 1896, para demarcar a criação da psicanálise pela ruptura que estabeleceu com o discurso neurológico sobre os sintomas das psiconeuroses. Na seqüência, destaco alguns argumentos que se encontram no artigo “A sexualidade na etiologia das neuroses”, publicado em 1898, por considerá-lo o ponto de passagem para a publicação da obra fundadora da psicanálise: A Interpretação dos Sonhos. O primeiro artigo demonstra um ponto de ruptura; o segundo um ponto de passagem para que Freud pudesse instaurar as bases conceituais da teoria e da prática psicanalítica. In 1917, Freud defined sexuality as everything related to the distinction between the two sexes, getting to the conclusion that everything which is sexual is improper. My strategy in writing this article is to return to the hypothesis of child sexuality, marking it as a date to the invention of psychoanalysis as the art of listening to this improper something which should be kept in secret. I proposed the, “The heredity and the etiology of the neuroses”, written in French and published by Freud in 1896, as a date to the creation of psychoanalysis for the rupture it settled by the use of neurological discourse about the symptoms of the psychoneurosis.By addition, I highlight some arguments found in the “The sexuality in the etiology of neuroses”, published in 1898, for I consider it as the point of passage to the publication of the witting which founded psychoanalysis

  17. Sintomas depressivos no câncer de mama: Inventário de Depressão de Beck - Short Form Depressive symptoms in breast cancer: Beck Depression Inventory - Short Form

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    Renata de Oliveira Cangussu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Verificar a prevalência de sintomas depressivos em mulheres com câncer de mama e identificar os fatores de risco associados à sua ocorrência. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal, em que foram entrevistadas 71 mulheres com câncer de mama. Foram empregados dois instrumentos: um questionário para verificar os dados sociodemográficos e clínicos e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck - Short Form (BDI-SF, para avaliação dos sintomas depressivos. Para análise dos dados, utilizaram-se medidas descritivas e o teste de qui-quadrado, que avaliou a associação entre variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas e os sintomas depressivos. O nível de significância considerado foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de sintomas depressivos foi de 29,6%. Os fatores associados à presença desses sintomas foram o tratamento quimioterápico (p = 0,021, presença de dor (p = 0,018 e limitação do movimento do membro superior (p = 0,010 e pior percepção da saúde (p = 0,018. CONCLUSÃO: Sintomas depressivos são frequentes no câncer de mama, assim a saúde mental das mulheres com esse tipo de câncer deve ser investigada e tratada quando necessário, reduzindo o impacto desses sintomas na vida da mulher.OBJECTIVES: To verify the prevalence of depressive symptoms in women with breast cancer and identify risk factors associated to its occurrence. METHODS: It was a transversal study where 71 women with breast cancer were interviewed. Two instruments were applied, being one questionnaire used to verify sociodemographic and clinical data, and the Beck Depression Inventory - Short Form to evaluate depressive symptoms. Descriptive methods and chi-square test were utilized to analyze data, evaluating association between depressive symptoms, sociodemographic and clinical data. Significance level was considered of 5%. RESULTS: Depressive symptoms prevalence was 29,6%. Factors associated to the presence of this kind of symptoms were

  18. Reciclagem de sacolas plásticas de polietileno em termos de inventário de ciclo de vida Recycling of polyethylene plastic bags in terms of life cycle inventory

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    Guilherme de C. Queiroz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O CETEA realizou um estudo de Avaliação de Ciclo de Vida (ACV de sacolas plásticas de polietileno (PE, com ênfase no inventário de ciclo de vida (ICV, coletando dados para o ano 2003. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar parte deste estudo completo, concentrando-se na influência da taxa de reciclagem de polietileno sobre o ICV das sacolas plásticas de PE no Brasil. Para gerar os dados da média brasileira de eteno, PEAD-APM, PEAD/PELBD e PEBD, os dados foram compilados tendo em conta, respectivamente, 61, 100, 78 e 63% das empresas envolvidas em cada fase do processo de produção. Depois que as empresas concordaram em colaborar com o estudo, questionários apropriados foram preparados e enviados para a coleta de dados. As empresas foram responsáveis tanto pela coleta dos dados como pelo preenchimento dos questionários. O cálculo da média brasileira da reciclagem de polietileno foi realizado considerando os dados fornecidos por sete empresas. O cálculo da média brasileira da produção das sacolas plásticas de PE foi realizado considerando os dados fornecidos por quatro empresas. Levando em conta as categorias de impacto adotadas neste estudo tem-se como resultado a demonstração de que a reciclagem ajuda a melhorar o perfil ambiental das sacolas plásticas de PE medido com dados de ICV.CETEA has conducted a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA study of PE (polyethylene plastic bags with emphasis on the Life Cycle Inventory (LCI, collecting data for the reference year 2003. The goal of this paper is to present part of this complete study, focusing on the influence of polyethylene recycling rate on the LCI of PE plastic bags in Brazil. For generating the Brazilian average data of ethylene, HDPE-HMW, HDPE/LLDPE and LDPE, the data were compiled taking into account, respectively, 61, 100, 78 and 63% of the companies involved in each phase of the production process. After the companies agreed to collaborate with the Project, appropriate

  19. Inventário estruturado de formigas (Hymenoptera, Formicidae em floresta ombrófila de encosta na ilha da Marambaia, RJ Structured inventory of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae in atlantic slope rain-forest of Marambaia Island, RJ

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    Michel de S. Schütte

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available As formigas são componentes funcionais importantes em florestas tropicais devido aos papéis ecológicos que exercem, à grande biomassa e à riqueza de espécies. Embora a Mata Atlântica seja um dos ecossistemas mais bem estudados no Brasil, ainda faltam informações sobre a diversidade de formigas nos fragmentos florestais do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. A riqueza e composição da assembléia de formigas em floresta ombrófila de encosta na ilha da Marambaia (RJ foi estudada através de um inventário estruturado em uma área de 0,6 ha. Armadilhas do tipo "pitfall" e coletas manuais foram empregadas na serapilheira e sobre a vegetação entre os meses de janeiro e julho de 2004. Um total de 29 gêneros e 82 espécies foi encontrado na amostragem. A abundância e a riqueza de espécies foram maiores nas amostras de março do que de julho. Já a eqüitatividade e diversidade de formigas nas amostras não foram influenciadas pela época da coleta. As amostras de formigas em galhos mortos adicionaram seis espécies à lista, acrescentando informações sobre a biologia das espécies. As amostras sobre plantas totalizaram 32 espécies de formigas, das quais 12 foram exclusivas, como as espécies de Pseudomyrmex e algumas de Crematogaster e Pachycondyla. Este estudo pretende contribuir para o desenvolvimento de prioridades conservacionistas em um dos ecossistemas mais ameaçados do mundo.Ants are an important functional component in tropical forest due to their ecological roles, biomass and species diversity. Although the Atlantic Forest is one of the best studied ecosystems in Brazil, there is a lack of information about ant diversity in forest fragments of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The composition and richness of the ant fauna from atlantic slope rain-forest in Marambaia island-RJ were assessed by the structured inventory in an area of 0.6 ha. Pitfalls traps and hand collecting were used for sampling ants in the litter and on vegetation from

  20. Inventário de estratégias de enfrentamento: um referencial teórico Inventario de estrategias: uno referencial teórico Ways of coping inventory: a theoretical framework

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    Elaine Buchhorn Cintra Damião

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas por adolescentes na experiência de ter diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, exploratório-descritivo, que tem o Interacionismo Simbólico e o Inventário de Estratégias de Enfrentamento como referenciais teóricos e a Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados como o referencial metodológico. Participaram do estudo 10 adolescentes, de 12 a 18 anos, com DM1 diagnosticado há pelo menos um ano. As estratégias de enfrentamento identificadas pertencem aos fatores: Confronto, Afastamento, Autocontrole, Suporte Social, Aceitação de Responsabilidade, Fuga-Esquiva, Resolução de Problemas, Reavaliação Positiva. A identificação das estratégias permitirá que os enfermeiros proponham intervenções que auxiliem o adolescente a conviver melhor com sua situação de doença.El estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar las estrategias de enfrentamiento utilizadas por adolescentes en la experiencia de tener diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, que tiene el Interacionismo Simbólico y el Inventario de Estrategias como referencial teóricos y la Teoría Fundamentada en los Datos como referencial metodológico. Participaron del estudio 10 adolescentes, de 12 a 18 años, con DM1 diagnosticado hace al menos 1 año. Las estrategias de enfrentamiento identificadas pertenecen a los factores: Confronto, Alejamiento, Autocontrol, Suporte Social, Aceptación de Responsabilidad, Huida-Esquiva, Resolución de Problemas, Reevaluación Positiva. La identificación de las estrategias permitirá que los enfrentamientos propongan intervenciones que auxilien los adolescentes a convivir mejor con su situación de enfermedad.This study aimed to identify the coping strategies used by adolescents in his/her experience of having diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM 1. The research is a qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study