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Sample records for invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy

  1. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy: Ascending the learning curve

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capponi, Michela Giulii; Bellotti, Carlo; Lotti, Marco; Ansaloni, Luca

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is a technically demanding procedure and requires a surgical team skilled in both endocrine and endoscopic surgery. The aim of this report is to point out some aspects of the learning curve of the video-assisted thyroid surgery, through the analysis of our preliminary series of procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a period of 8 months, we selected 36 patients for minimally invasive video-assisted surgery of the thyroid. The patients were considered eligible if they presented with a nodule not exceeding 35 mm and total thyroid volume time, post-operative complications, hospital stay and cosmetic outcomes of the series. RESULTS: We performed 36 total thyroidectomy and in one case we performed a consensual parathyroidectomy. The procedure was successfully carried out in 33 out of 36 cases (conversion rate 8.3%). The mean operating time was 109 min (range: 80-241 min) and reached a plateau after 29 MIVAT. Post-operative complications included three transient recurrent nerve palsies and two transient hypocalcemias; no definitive hypoparathyroidism was registered. The cosmetic result was considered excellent by most patients. CONCLUSIONS: Advances in skills and technology allow surgeons to easily reproduce the standard open total thyroidectomy with video-assistance. Although the learning curve represents a time-consuming step, training remains a crucial point in gaining a reasonable confidence with video-assisted surgical technique. PMID:25883451

  2. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy compared with conventional thyroidectomy in a general surgery department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrinja, Chiara; Trevisan, Giuliano; Makovac, Petra; Liguori, Gennaro

    2009-10-01

    We retrospectively evaluated a series of patients who underwent minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) to define its advantages or disadvantages. Between May 2005 and March 2008, 68 patients underwent MIVAT. Sixty-nine patients who underwent conventional thyroidectomy (CT) during the period before the introduction of the MIVAT technique in our department-chosen with the same inclusion criteria used for MIVAT-served as matched controls. The eligibility criteria for both groups was thyroid nodules surgery. Forty-five MIVAT and 43 CT patients underwent hemithyroidectomy. Twenty-three MIVAT and 26 CT patients underwent total thyroidectomy. No differences were found in terms of complications, operative time, and radicality of the procedure. Patients who underwent MIVAT experienced significantly less pain, better cosmetic results, and shorter hospital stay than patients who underwent conventional surgery The MIVAT technique, in selected patients, seems to be a valid option for thyroidectomy and even preferable to conventional surgery because of its significant advantages, especially in terms of cosmetic results, postoperative pain, and postoperative recovery.

  3. "Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy. Initial experience in a general surgery department".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrinja, Chiara; Trevisan, Giuliano; Liguori, Gennaro

    2009-03-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze our preliminary results from minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) and demonstrate the feasibility of MIVAT also in non-referral centers. We report our initial experience based on a series of 47 patients selected for MIVAT at General Surgery Department of University of Trieste during a period from May 2005 to February 2007. The eligibility criteria were rigorously observed. Age, goiter volume, major diameter of the dominant nodule, operative times, pathologic findings, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay, cosmetic results, and complications were retrospectively analyzed. Thyroid lobectomy was successfully accomplished in 33 cases, total thyroidectomy in 14. Conversion to standard cervicotomy was required in three patients (6%). Mean operative time of lobectomy was 82.6 min and 118.7 for total thyroidectomy. Postoperative complications included 11 (23.4%) transient hypocalcemias, 2 (4.2%) hematomas, and 2 (4.2%) temporary laryngeal nerve palsies. None-recurrent nerve palsies was observed. The cosmetic result was excellent in most cases. Our experience demonstrates that MIVAT, after adequate training, is feasible and safe, with results comparable to conventional thyroidectomy, also in a General Surgery Department, from a dedicated team, with a sufficient and specific activity volume.

  4. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy versus conventional thyroidectomy: A single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Labban Gouda

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We aimed to test the hypothesis that Minimally Invasive Video-assisted Thyroidectomy (MIVAT affords comparable safety and efficacy as to the open conventional surgery, when dealing with patients with unilateral thyroid nodules or follicular lesions, in terms of cosmetic results, intraoperative and postoperative complications, postoperative pain and hospital stay. Materials And Methods: This was a single-blinded randomised controlled trial comparing the MIVAT with conventional thyroidectomy. The primary endpoints of the study were measurement of postoperative pain after 24 and 48 hours from operation and self-rated patient satisfaction with cosmetic outcome three months postoperatively. The secondary outcome measures were operative time, incidence of temporary and permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, postoperative haematoma formation, length of incision, and duration of hospital stay. Results: Operative time was significantly less with open thyroidectomy than with MIVAT, while MIVAT was associated with less pain 24 hours postoperatively. Blood loss did not reach significance between procedures. Comparisons between the two procedures with regard to pain scores after 24 and 48 hours, respectively, depicted statistically significant differences in favour of the MIVAT after 24 hours. MIVAT was associated with less scarring and more satisfactory cosmetic results. There were statistically no significant differences between both procedures for the presence of transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and hypoparathyroidism. Conclusions: MIVAT is a safe procedure that produces outcomes, in view of short-term adverse events, similar to those of open thyroidectomy, and is superior in terms of immediate postoperative pain and cosmetic results.

  5. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy: four-year experience of a single team in a General Surgery Unit.

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    Scerrino, G; Paladino, N C; Di Paola, V; Morfino, G; Inviati, A; Amodio, E; Gulotta, G; Bonventre, S

    2013-06-01

    Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is a surgical technique that has showed increasingly good results, particularly in endocrine surgery centers. The aim of this prospective, non-randomized study was to evaluate feasibility, advantages and critical aspects of MIVAT in a general surgery unit. Two hundred twenty-four patients underwent total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid disease from May, 2008 to April, 2011. They were divided into two groups: one underwent conventional thyroidectomy (CT), and the other underwent MIVAT. The inclusion criteria were thyroid volume ≤35 mL and main nodule size ≤35 mm. For each patient, socio-demographic variables, hospitalization data and outcome measures (complication rate, operating time, post-operative pain, observer and patient scar assessment scale [OSAS and PSAS, respectively]) were collected. Multivariate regression analyses were done to assess the principal covariates affecting these outcome measures. There were 125 MIVATs and 99 CTs performed. The two groups were characterized by difference in age (38.4 vs. 50.9 years) and thyroid volume (18.6 vs. 23.3 mL). OSAS/PSAS scores were statistically significant in the MIVAT group (Pcosmetic results. It can be performed in younger patients and in all cases in which there is a clear indication for the procedure. Its advantages were confirmed in a general surgery unit where correct indications were followed.

  6. A comparison of surgical morbidity and scar appearance between gasless, transaxillary endoscopic thyroidectomy (GTET) and minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (VAT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Brian Hung-Hin; Wong, Kai-Pun

    2013-02-01

    The gasless, transaxillary endoscopic thyroidectomy (GTET) and minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (VAT) are both well-recognized endoscopic thyroid procedures, but how their postoperative outcomes are compared remains unclear. The present study was designed to compare surgical morbidities/complications and scar appearance between GTET and VAT at our institution. Of the 141 patients eligible for endoscopic thyroidectomy, 96 (68.1 %) underwent GTET and 45 (31.9 %) underwent VAT. Patient demographics, indications, operative findings, pain scores on days 0 and 1, and surgical morbidities were compared between the two groups. At 6 months after surgery, all patients were asked about their satisfaction on the cosmetic result by giving a score (Patient Satisfaction Score or PSS) and their scar appearance was assessed by the 11 domains in the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS). GTET was associated with a significantly longer operating time (84 vs. 148 min, p = 0.005), higher pain scores on days 0 and 1 (2.9 vs. 2.3, p = 0.042 and 2.2 vs. 1.7, p = 0.033, respectively), overall recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury (6.3 vs. 0 %, p = 0.043), and overall morbidity rates (12.5 vs. 2.2 %, p = 0.049) than VAT. The actual individual score for the 11 domains in POSAS and for PSS remained similar between the two groups. They remained similar even when patients with morbidity were excluded. GTET was a technically more challenging procedure and was associated with longer hospital stay, longer operating time, more immediate pain, and increased overall RLN injury and morbidity than VAT. The 6-month POSAS and PSS were similar between the two procedures.

  7. Video-Assisted Thyroidectomy for Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

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    Celestino Pio Lombardi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The results of video-assisted thyroidectomy (VAT were evaluated in a large series of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC, especially in terms of completeness of the surgical resection and short-to-medium term recurrence. Methods. The medical records of all patients who underwent video-assisted thyroidectomy for PTC between June 1998 and May 2009 were reviewed. Results. Three hundred fifty-nine patients were included. One hundred twenty-six patients underwent concomitant central neck node removal. Final histology showed 285 pT1, 26 pT2, and 48 pT3 PTC. Lymph node metastases were found in 27 cases. Follow-up was completed in 315 patients. Mean postoperative serum thyroglobulin level off levothyroxine was 5.4 ng/mL. Post operative ultrasonography showed no residual thyroid tissue in all the patients. Mean post-operative 131I uptake was 1.7%. One patient developed lateral neck recurrence. No other recurrence was observed.

  8. Minimally invasive thyroidectomy (MIT): indications and results.

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    Docimo, Giovanni; Salvatore Tolone, Salvatore; Gili, Simona; d'Alessandro, A; Casalino, G; Brusciano, L; Ruggiero, Roberto; Docimo, Ludovico

    2013-01-01

    To establish if the indication for different approaches for thyroidectomy and the incision length provided by means of pre-operative assessment of gland volume and size of nodules resulted in safe and effective outcomes and in any notable aesthetic or quality-of-life impact on patients. Ninehundred eightytwo consecutive patients, undergoing total thyroidectomy, were enrolled. The thyroid volume and maximal nodule diameter were measured by means of ultrasounds. Based on ultrasounds findings, patients were divided into three groups: minimally invasive video assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT), minimally invasive thyroidectomy (MIT) and conventional thyroidectomy (CT) groups. The data concerning the following parameters were collected: operative time, postoperative complications, postoperative pain and cosmetic results. The MIVAT group included 179 patients, MIT group included 592 patients and CT group included 211 patients. Incidence of complications did not differ significantly in each group. In MIVAT and MIT group, the perception of postoperative pain was less intense than CT group. The patients in the MIVAT (7±1.5) and MIT (8±2) groups were more satisfied with the cosmetic results than those in CT group (5±1.3) (p= MIT is a technique totally reproducible, and easily convertible to perform surgical procedures in respect of the patient, without additional complications, increased costs, and with better aesthetic results.

  9. Minimally Invasive Procedures - Direct and Video-Assisted Forms in the Treatment of Heart Diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, Josué Viana Neto, E-mail: jvcn@uol.com.br [Instituto do Coração do Nordeste (INCONE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Melo, Emanuel Carvalho; Silva, Juliana Fernandes [Instituto do Coração do Nordeste (INCONE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Rebouças, Leonardo Lemos; Corrêa, Larissa Chagas; Germano, Amanda de Queiroz [Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Machado, João José Aquino [Instituto do Coração do Nordeste (INCONE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil)

    2014-03-15

    Minimally invasive cardiovascular procedures have been progressively used in heart surgery. To describe the techniques and immediate results of minimally invasive procedures in 5 years. Prospective and descriptive study in which 102 patients were submitted to minimally invasive procedures in direct and video-assisted forms. Clinical and surgical variables were evaluated as well as the in hospital follow-up of the patients. Fourteen patients were operated through the direct form and 88 through the video-assisted form. Between minimally invasive procedures in direct form, 13 had aortic valve disease. Between minimally invasive procedures in video-assisted forms, 43 had mitral valve disease, 41 atrial septal defect and four tumors. In relation to mitral valve disease, we replaced 26 and reconstructed 17 valves. Aortic clamp, extracorporeal and procedure times were, respectively, 91,6 ± 21,8, 112,7 ± 27,9 e 247,1 ± 20,3 minutes in minimally invasive procedures in direct form. Between minimally invasive procedures in video-assisted forms, 71,6 ± 29, 99,7 ± 32,6 e 226,1 ± 42,7 minutes. Considering intensive care and hospitalization times, these were 41,1 ± 14,7 hours and 4,6 ± 2 days in minimally invasive procedures in direct and 36,8 ± 16,3 hours and 4,3 ± 1,9 days in minimally invasive procedures in video-assisted forms procedures. Minimally invasive procedures were used in two forms - direct and video-assisted - with safety in the surgical treatment of video-assisted, atrial septal defect and tumors of the heart. These procedures seem to result in longer surgical variables. However, hospital recuperation was faster, independent of the access or pathology.

  10. Video-assisted laparoscopy for the detection and diagnosis of endometriosis: safety, reliability, and invasiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Schipper, Erica; Nezhat, Camran

    2012-01-01

    Erica Schipper,1 Camran Nezhat21Center for Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Palo Alto, CA; 2Obstetrics/Gynecology and Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA, USAAbstract: Endometriosis is a highly enigmatic disease with multiple presentations ranging from infertility to severe pain, often causing significant morbidity. Video-assisted laparoscopy (VALS) has now replaced laparotomy as the gold standard for the diagnosis and management of endometriosis. While imaging h...

  11. Video-assisted laparoscopy for the detection and diagnosis of endometriosis: safety, reliability, and invasiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schipper E

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Erica Schipper,1 Camran Nezhat21Center for Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Palo Alto, CA; 2Obstetrics/Gynecology and Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA, USAAbstract: Endometriosis is a highly enigmatic disease with multiple presentations ranging from infertility to severe pain, often causing significant morbidity. Video-assisted laparoscopy (VALS has now replaced laparotomy as the gold standard for the diagnosis and management of endometriosis. While imaging has a role in the evaluation of some patients, histologic examination is needed for a definitive diagnosis. Laboratory evaluation currently has a minor role in the diagnosis of endometriosis, although studies are underway investigating serum markers, genetic studies, and endometrial sampling. A high index of suspicion is essential to accurately diagnose this complex condition, and a multidisciplinary approach is often indicated. The following review discusses laparoscopic diagnosis of endometriosis from the pre-operative evaluation of patients suspected of having endometriosis to surgical technique for safe and adequate laparoscopic diagnosis of the condition and postsurgical care.Keywords: endometriosis, video-assisted, laparoscopy, diagnosis

  12. Minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy without intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring.

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    Rodrigo, Juan Pablo; Coca Pelaz, Andrés; Martínez, Patricia; González Marquez, Rocío; Suárez, Carlos

    2014-01-01

    surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism has evolved from the classical bilateral neck exploration to minimally invasive techniques due to recent advances in preoperative localisation methods. The additional value of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) monitoring is questioned. The aim of this study was to analyse the results of minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy (MIVAP) without intraoperative PTH monitoring. the patients who underwent MIVAP without PTH monitoring for primary hyperparathyroidism between 2007 and 2013 were evaluated. In all cases the suspected enlarged gland was identified preoperatively by 99Tc-sestamibi scintigraphy, ultrasound or computed tomography. 71 patients were studied (56 females and 15 males), with a mean age of 60 years. In 3 cases (4%) the technique was converted to open parathyroidectomy. Calcium and PTH levels were normalised after first surgery in 69 cases (97%), and after a second surgery in the remaining 2 cases (a second contralateral and a second intrathyroid adenoma). One patient developed a postoperative wound infection, 1 postoperative hypocalcaemia, and 4 transient vocal fold paralysis. No permanent vocal fold paralysis or other complications were observed. MIVAP is a safe, effective surgical technique to cure primary hyperparathyroidism. Intraoperative PTH monitoring may not be routinely necessary in patients treated with this technique. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Patología Cérvico-Facial. All rights reserved.

  13. Minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy. Initial experience in a General Surgery Department.

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    Dobrinja, C; Trevisan, G; Liguori, G

    2009-02-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze our preliminary results from minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy (MIVAP) and demonstrate the feasibility of MIVAP also in non-referral centers. During a period from June 2005 to January 2008, in the General Surgery Department of University of Trieste, we operated on 39 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). MIVAP by an anterior approach was proposed for 23 (59%) patients with sporadic pHPT and one unequivocally enlarged parathyroid gland on pre-operative ultrasound and 99mTc-SestaMIBI scintigraphy without associated goiter and without previous neck surgery. Intra-operatively, a quick parathyroid assay was used during the last 11 surgical procedures. All patients underwent pre-operative and post-operative investigations of calcemia, phoshoremia and PTH levels and vocal cord function. Age, operative times, pathologic findings, post-operative pain, calcemia, length of hospital stay, cosmetic results, and complications were retrospectively analyzed. MIVAP was successfully accomplished in 22 cases. Conversion to standard cervicotomy was required in one patient (4.34%). Mean operative time was 67 min. Post-operative complications included 1 (4.34%) transient hypocalcemia. No laryngeal nerve palsies, no definitive hypocalcemias, no persistent pHPT and no recurrent pHPT were observed. The cosmetic result was excellent in all cases. Our preliminary results demonstrate that MIVAP for localized single-gland adenoma, after adequate training, seems to be feasible with significant advantages, especially in terms of cosmetic results, post-operative pain, and post-operative recovery even in a General Surgery Department, if performed by a dedicated team, with a sufficient and specific activity volume.

  14. Thyroidectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as: Thyroid cancer. Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid ... thyroid gland is then removed, depending on the reason for the ... as a result of thyroid cancer, the surgeon may also examine and remove lymph ...

  15. Outcome measures and scar aesthetics in minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Casserly, Paula

    2012-02-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare the scar outcome of video-assisted parathyroidectomy (VAP) with traditional bilateral cervical exploration (BCE) using previously validated scar assessment scales, and to examine the feasibility of introducing VAP into a general otolaryngology-head and neck practice. DESIGN: A retrospective review of medical records from a prospectively obtained database of patients and long-term follow-up of scar analysis. PATIENTS: The records of 60 patients undergoing parathyroidectomy were reviewed: 29 patients underwent VAP and 31 patients underwent an open procedure with BCE. The groups were matched for age and sex. A total of 46 patients were followed up to assess scar outcome. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was a comparison of patient and observer scar satisfaction between VAP and traditional BCE using validated scar assessment tools: the Patient Scar Assessment Scale and the Manchester Scar Scale. The secondary outcomes were to retrospectively evaluate our results with VAP and to assess the suitability of introducing this technique into a general otolaryngology-head and neck practice. RESULTS: The average scar length in the VAP group was 1.7 cm, and the average scar length in the BCE group was 4.3 cm. The patients in the BCE group scored higher than the patients in the VAP group on the Manchester Scar Scale (P < .01) and on the Patient and Observer Scar Scales (P = .02), indicating a worse scar outcome. The mean operative time in the VAP group was 41 minutes compared with 115 minutes in the open procedure BCE group. There was no difference between the 2 groups in terms of postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Video-assisted parathyroidectomy is a safe and feasible procedure in the setting of a general otolaryngology-head and neck practice, with outcomes and complication rates that are comparable to those of traditional bilateral neck exploration. Both patient and observer analysis demonstrated that VAP was associated with a more

  16. Video-assisted double-barreled wet colostomy: a new minimally invasive simultaneous diversion to patients after pelvic radiation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobias-Machado, Marcos; Bicudo, Maria C; Appolonio, Paulo R; Korkes, Fernando; Starling, Eduardo S; Pompeu, Antonio C L; Wroclawski, Eric R

    2009-12-01

    A wet colostomy can be done when the simultaneous diversion of fecal and urine streams are necessary. Laparoscopic access is gaining space in urinary diversion procedures. The aim of the present study was to present the technique and results of the first case reported of a video-assisted double-barreled wet colostomy. In this article, we report a case of a 50-year-old woman with actinic complex urinary and fecal fistula, treated through a retroperitoneoscopic double-barreled wet colostomy. Only the left kidney had function, so she was treated by video endoscopic retroperitoneal dissection of the left ureter, preplanned transverse 5-cm incision for exteriorization of left colon and ureter, extracorporeal section of the left colon with a linear stapler, extracorporeal antireflux ureterocolonic anastomosis, and maturation of the stoma 10 cm proximal to the end of the proximal colonic loop. Operative time was 135 minutes. No transfusion was required nor had intraoperative complications occurred. Oral intake was initiated in postoperative day 2, and the patient was discharged postoperative day 6 without complications. Normal activities were recovered after 21 days. In a 3-month follow-up, there were no infectious complications, and good urinary drainage was observed. She was satisfied and adapted to the stoma. Video-assisted double-barreled wet colostomy is a feasible procedure. The same goals of the open procedure were achieved, offering the advantages of the laparoscopic approach.

  17. Mitral chordae myxoma-chordae replacement with a premeasured gore-tex loop using a minimally invasive video-assisted approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hata, Masatoshi; Gummert, Jan F; Börgermann, Jochen; Hakim-Meibodi, Kavous

    2013-12-11

    Cardiac myxomas are one of the most common types of primary cardiac tumors and are associated with embolization, angina, and sudden death. Most cardiac myxomas arise from the fossa ovalis, while those that arise from the mitral valve are exceedingly rare and those that arise from the chordae are even rarer. We report the case of a 28-year-old Caucasian woman who suffered from a brain infarction. A duplex ultrasound showed no cerebrovascular stenosis or occlusion, but an echocardiogram revealed a left ventricle pedunculated mobile mass (5 mm in diameter) that was attached to the mitral valve chordae tendineae. We elected cardiac surgery to resect the cardiac tumor and to avoid further embolic events. The traditional surgical strategy-mitral valve replacement through full sternotomy-has many disadvantages, particularly for young women. Therefore we desided to use the Premeasured Gore-Tex chordal loop method followed by annuloplasty using a minimally invasive video-assisted approach. Exploration of the mitral valve showed a globular tumor involving the anterior mitral leaflet chordae tendineae, which was removed along with the involved chordae tendineae. Histopathological examination of the tissue revealed a benign polypoid myxoma. The patient had an uneventful recovery and has remained symptom-free.Echocardiography one week after surgery showed satisfactory valve function. We believe our surgical treatment was the most appropriate option for this case and it resulted in an excellent medical outcome and improved the quality of life, including only a small lateral scar without the need for teratogenic anticoagulants.

  18. The estimation of the thyroid volume before surgery--an important prerequisite for minimally invasive thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruggieri, M; Fumarola, A; Straniero, A; Maiuolo, A; Coletta, I; Veltri, A; Di Fiore, A; Trimboli, P; Gargiulo, P; Genderini, M; D'Armiento, M

    2008-09-01

    Actually, thyroid volume >25 ml, obtained by preoperative ultrasound evaluation, is a very important exclusion criteria for minimally invasive thyroidectomy. So far, among different imaging techniques, two-dimensional ultrasonography has become the more accepted method for the assessment of thyroid volume (US-TV). The aims of this study were: (1) to estimate the preoperative thyroid volume in patients undergoing minimally invasive total thyroidectomy using a mathematical formula and (2) to verify its validity by comparing it with the postsurgical TV (PS-TV). In 53 patients who underwent minimally invasive total thyroidectomy (from January 2003 to December 2007), US-TV, obtained by ellipsoid volume formula, was compared to PS-TV determined by the Archimedes' principle. A mathematical formula able to predict the TV from the US-TV was applied in 34 cases in the last 2 years. Mean US-TV (14.4 +/- 5.9 ml) was significantly lower than mean PS-TV (21.7 +/- 10.3 ml). This underestimation was related to gland multinodularity and/or nodular involvement of the isthmus. A mathematical formula to reduce US-TV underestimation and predict the real TV was developed using a linear model. Mean predicted TV (16.8 +/- 3.7 ml) perfectly matched mean PS-TV, underestimating PS-TV in 19% of cases. We verified the accuracy of this mathematical model in patients' eligibility for minimally invasive total thyroidectomy, and we demonstrated that a predicted TV <25 ml was confirmed post-surgery in 94% of cases. We demonstrated that using a linear model, it is possible to predict from US the PS-TV with high accuracy. In fact, the mean predicted TV perfectly matched the mean PS-TV in all cases. In particular, the percentage of cases in which the predicted TV perfectly matched the PS-TV increases from 23%, estimated by US, to 43%. Moreover, the percentage of TV underestimation was reduced from 77% to 19%, as well as the range of the disagreement from up to 200% to 80%. This study shows that two

  19. Mitral chordae myxoma—chordae replacement with a premeasured gore-tex loop using a minimally invasive video-assisted approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Cardiac myxomas are one of the most common types of primary cardiac tumors and are associated with embolization, angina, and sudden death. Most cardiac myxomas arise from the fossa ovalis, while those that arise from the mitral valve are exceedingly rare and those that arise from the chordae are even rarer. We report the case of a 28-year-old Caucasian woman who suffered from a brain infarction. A duplex ultrasound showed no cerebrovascular stenosis or occlusion, but an echocardiogram revealed a left ventricle pedunculated mobile mass (5 mm in diameter) that was attached to the mitral valve chordae tendineae. We elected cardiac surgery to resect the cardiac tumor and to avoid further embolic events. The traditional surgical strategy—mitral valve replacement through full sternotomy—has many disadvantages, particularly for young women. Therefore we desided to use the Premeasured Gore-Tex chordal loop method followed by annuloplasty using a minimally invasive video-assisted approach. Exploration of the mitral valve showed a globular tumor involving the anterior mitral leaflet chordae tendineae, which was removed along with the involved chordae tendineae. Histopathological examination of the tissue revealed a benign polypoid myxoma. The patient had an uneventful recovery and has remained symptom-free. Echocardiography one week after surgery showed satisfactory valve function. We believe our surgical treatment was the most appropriate option for this case and it resulted in an excellent medical outcome and improved the quality of life, including only a small lateral scar without the need for teratogenic anticoagulants. PMID:24330768

  20. Video-assisted lobectomy for endobronchial leiomyoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bartosik, Waldemar

    2011-02-01

    Endobronchial leiomyomas are rare tumours arising from the smooth muscle on the bronchial tree. We describe a patient with a six-month history of chest infections, who was treated surgically with a video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. The pathology revealed an endobronchial leiomyoma that coexisted with postobstructive pulmonary non-necrotising granulomas.

  1. Coagulation profile in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Vad, Henrik; Pedersen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    Background: Knowledge about the impact of Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin (LMWH) on the coagulation system in patients undergoing minimal invasive lung cancer surgery is sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of LMWH on the coagulation system in patients undergoing Video......-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) lobectomy for primary lung cancer. Methods: Sixty-three patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer undergoing VATS lobectomy were randomized to either subcutaneous injection with dalteparin (Fragmin®) 5000 IE once daily or no intervention. Coagulation was assessed pre-, peri......-, and the first two days postoperatively by standard coagulation blood test, thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) and thrombin generation. Results: Patients undergoing potential curative surgery for lung cancer were not hypercoagulable preoperatively. There was no statistically significant difference in the majority...

  2. Video-Assisted Thoracic Sympathectomy for Hyperhidrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanez de Campos, Jose Ribas; Kauffman, Paulo; Gomes, Oswaldo; Wolosker, Nelson

    2016-08-01

    By the 1980s, endoscopy was in use by some groups in sympathetic denervation of the upper limbs with vascular indications. Low morbidity, cosmetic results, reduction in the incidence of Horner syndrome, and the shortened time in hospital made video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy (VATS) better accepted by those undergoing treatment for hyperhidrosis. Over the last 25 years, this surgical procedure has become routine in the treatment of hyperhidrosis, leading to a significant increase in the number of papers on the subject in the literature. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Total Thyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopez Moris E

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Total thyroidectomy is a surgery that removes all the thyroid tissue from the patient. The suspect of cancer in a thyroid nodule is the most frequent indication and it is presume when previous fine needle puncture is positive or a goiter has significant volume increase or symptomes. Less frequent indications are hyperthyroidism when it is refractory to treatment with Iodine 131 or it is contraindicated, and in cases of symptomatic thyroiditis. The thyroid gland has an important anatomic relation whith the inferior laryngeal nerve and the parathyroid glands, for this reason it is imperative to perform extremely meticulous dissection to recognize each one of these elements and ensure their preservation. It is also essential to maintain strict hemostasis, in order to avoid any postoperative bleeding that could lead to a suffocating neck hematoma, feared complication that represents a surgical emergency and endangers the patient’s life.It is essential to run a formal technique, without skipping steps, and maintain prudence and patience that should rule any surgical act.

  4. Lung cancer screening and video-assisted thoracic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Dirksen, Asger

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study is to report the impact of computed tomography (CT) screening on the use of Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) in a randomized screening trial.......The objective of this study is to report the impact of computed tomography (CT) screening on the use of Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) in a randomized screening trial....

  5. Technique of total thyroidectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rao, R.S.

    1999-01-01

    It is essential to define the various surgical procedures that are carried out for carcinoma of the thyroid gland. They are thyroid gland, subtotal lobectomy, total thyroidectomy and near total thyroidectomy

  6. Endoscopic Transaxillary Near Total Thyroidectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ejeh, Ijeoma Acholonu; Speights, Fredne; Rashid, Qammar N.; Ideis, Mustafa

    2006-01-01

    Background: Since first reported in 1996, endoscopic minimally invasive surgery of the cervical region has been shown to be safe and effective in the treatment of benign thyroid and parathyroid disease. The endoscopic transaxillary technique uses a remote lateral approach to the thyroid gland. Because of the perceived difficulty in accessing the contralateral anatomy of the thyroid gland, this technique has typically been reserved for patients with unilateral disease. Objectives: The present study examines the safety and feasibility of the transaxillary technique in dissecting and assessment of both thyroid lobes in performing near total thyroidectomy. Methods: Prior to this study we successfully performed endoscopic transaxillary thyroid lobectomy in 32 patients between August 2003 and August 2005. Technical feasibility in performing total thyroidectomy using this approach was accomplished first utilizing a porcine model followed by three human cadaver models prior to proceeding to human surgery. After IRB approval three female patients with histories of enlarging multinodular goiter were selected to undergo endoscopic near total thyroidectomy. Results: The average operative time for all models was 142 minutes (range 57–327 min). The three patients in this study had clinically enlarging multinodular goiters with an average size of 4 cm. The contralateral recurrent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid glands were identified in all cases. There was no post-operative bleeding, hoarseness or subcutaneous emphysema. Conclusion: Endoscopic transaxillary near total thyroidectomy is feasible and can be performed safely in human patients with bilateral thyroid disease. PMID:16882421

  7. Video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy (VAT-T) with lateral thoracotomy for stage II and III thymoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirai, Kyoji; Ibi, Takayuki; Bessho, Ryuzo; Koizumi, Kiyoshi; Shimizu, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Thymoma has malignant potential and is the most common anterior mediastinal tumor. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), which is less invasive surgical procedure, is a good option for resecting Masaoka stage I tumors. Whether VATS is appropriate, depends on the surgeon's judgment and accurate imaging diagnosis. We introduce a technique involving a combination of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy (VAT-T) and lateral thoracotomy for stage II and some stage III thymomas that have locally invaded the lung and/or pericardium.

  8. Video-assisted breast surgery and 3-dimensional computed tomographic mammary lymphography (1). Aesthetic results and curability of video-assisted breast surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamashita, Koji

    2010-01-01

    I have studied endoscopic surgery for breast diseases and have studied 3-dimensional computed tomographic lymphography for sentinel node biopsy. In this chapter, I introduced my works of the endoscopic breast surgery. I devised a new endoscopic operation for breast diseases: video-assisted breast surgery. The goal of endoscopic breast surgery is to obtain better cosmetic outcomes. A 2.5-cm axillary or periareolar skin incision was made. Under video assistance, the mammary gland was partially or totally resected with a gasless method. A transaxillary retromammary route approach was used even for tumors of the medial aspect of the breast. For malignant tumors, sentinel node biopsy was performed, and axillary nodes were dissected. Breast reconstruction was performed simultaneously. Cosmetic results were assessed with a standard 4-step method and the method described in the Japanese guidelines for breast-conserving therapy. More-objective quantitative methods are breast retraction assessment, the method reported by the research group of Sawai, and ABNSW, a 5-item, 4-step method that evaluates asymmetry (A), breast shape (B), nipple deformation (N), skin condition (S), and wound scar (W). The cosmetic results in endoscopic breast surgery showed that almost 90% of patients received a total score greater than 11 points, which indicates that this video-assisted breast surgery achieves better cosmetic results. The reconstruction methods in breast-conserving therapy are mammary gland translocation, the lateral tissue flap filling method, and absorbable thread mesh filling. The filling methods are superior to the translocation at the point of less deformation of the breast shape. Reconstruction with filling methods will allow wider excision of the mammary gland while achieving better cosmetic results. Video-assisted breast surgery is less invasive, produces no scars on the breast skin, and achieves better aesthetic outcomes for patients with breast cancer. It also improves

  9. Video assistance in mitral surgery: reaching the "Thru" port access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irace, Francesco G; Rose, David; D'Ascoli, Riccardo; Caldaroni, Federica; Andriani, Ines; Piscioneri, Fernando; Vitulli, Piergiusto; Piattoli, Matteo; Tritapepe, Luigi; Greco, Ernesto

    2015-01-01

    Minimally invasive and video assisted mitral valve surgery has been used widely since beginning of 20 th . Different reduced surgical approaches allowed replacing or repairing a mitral valve sparing sternal incision. Nevertheless the most used strategy has been in the last years the right mini thoracotomy and the extra thoracic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The main goal is avoiding sternal approach for mitral valve procedures and improve postoperative course of the patients. Some postoperative complication likes blood loss, need for transfusion, prolonged intubation and infection has been reduced using this alternative technique. A special advantages has been reported in elderly or high risk patients and in redo cases. Several cardiac centres using videoscopy and a revolutionary set up for CPB management and aortic occlusion have adopted the approach. The team approach, including surgeon, anaesthesiologist, nurse, cardiologist and perfusionist, is crucial for a safe and effective realization of this surgical strategy. The proper use of catheters and Seldinger skilfulness, and the guidance of trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) during the procedure are two milestones of this technique. A careful and progressive learning curve is required for all the components of the team. In fact some peculiarity likes modified surgical instruments, 3D and Full HD video assisted view, percutaneous canulation for CPB and myocardial protection, etc., make this procedure challenging for all members of the operative room (OR) team. Our favourite set-up include right mini thoracotomy in the IV intercostal space, femoral vein and arterial canulation and an additional venous cannula in the superior vena cava for the drainage of the upper part of the body. Aortic occlusion is achieved usually using an endo-aortic clamp positioned by means of continuous and careful TEE guidance. A mitral valve procedure is realized by direct or video guided view; using adapted and shaft instruments or

  10. Video-assisted thoracic surgery: a renaissance in surgical therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yim, A P; Izzat, M B; Lee, T W; Wan, S

    1999-03-01

    Within a few years, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become the accepted or preferred approach over a wide range of thoracic procedures. The authors review the development of this technique, the basic operative strategies and the current surgical indications. Technical pitfalls and future developments are also discussed.

  11. A case that underwent bilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No Abstract Available A case that underwent bilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) biopsy combined with pneumonectomy is presented. The patient developed hypoxia during the contralateral VATS biopsy. His hypoxia was treated with positive expiratory pressure (PEEP) to the dependent lung and apneic ...

  12. Wet and dry hands after video-assisted thoracoscopic pleurectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brakel, T.J. van; Barendregt, W.B.

    2013-01-01

    Damage to the thoracic sympathic chain is a rare complication of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) pleurectomy. We report our experience with a patient who underwent parietal pleurectomy and bullectomy by VATS and postoperatively suffered from palmar anhydrosis and compensatory controlateral

  13. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching (VAT) on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background and Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching (VAT) on the knowledge and practice of dental hygiene among primary school children in Bangalore, India. The hypothesis to be tested was that the mean post-test knowledge and practice scores of primary school ...

  14. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy at 20 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yan, Tristan D; Cao, Christopher; D'Amico, Thomas A

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has been gradually accepted as an alternative surgical approach to open thoracotomy for selected patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the past 20 years. The aim of this project was to standardize the perioperative...

  15. Video-assisted thoracoscopic double lobectomy for bronchiectasis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although thoracoscopic lobectomy for severe bronchiectasis has been reported in children, this is the fi rst report of double lobectomy of the right middle and lower lobes performed using the video-assisted thoracoscopy in a 9-year-old girl. The post-operative course was uneventful and she is currently well after 18 months' ...

  16. CONDUCCIÓN ANESTÉSICA DE LA REVASCULARIZACIÓN MIOCÁRDICA VIDEO-ASISTIDA. INFORME DE CINCO CASOS / Anesthetic conduction of video-assisted myocardial revascularization. Report of five cases

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth Rodríguez Rosales; Osvaldo Valdés Dupeirón; Miguel Ángel Carrasco Molina; Fausto Leonel Rodríguez Salgueiro; Antonio de Arazoza Hernández

    2011-01-01

    The advantages of video-assisted cardiac surgery are very necessary for high-risk patients, but subjecting them to possible complications is a big responsibility and a challenge for the cardiovascular anesthesiologist. This article presents the first five cases of video-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting in the country, and describes the anesthetic techniques and results. Also, the advantages of this surgical technique are discussed: less invasive, less postoperative pain, less duration...

  17. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer is associated with a lower 30-day morbidity compared with lobectomy by thoracotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Lykke Østergaard; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Survival is highly dependent on surgery. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is increasingly chosen over open thoracotomy (OT) because of the possible benefits of the minimally invasive approach. Conseque...

  18. Video-assisted resection in benign frontal tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrissi, Jorge Orlando

    2015-01-01

    Soft and osseous tumors that develop into the frontal are the most profitable with the use of video-assisted surgery, thus avoiding also a visible scar. In the Department of Plastic Surgery at Argerich Hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1999 to 2010, video-assisted operations were used in the treatment of 158 patients, 26 of them presented lipomas and osteomas into the frontal tissues. In all 26 patients, both local anesthesia and incisions behind the hairline were performed. Minor complications such as hematoma and transitory paresis of the frontal nerve were detected. Video-assisted technique offered both good illumination and excellent magnification that not only permits a safe anatomic dissection by means of surgical maneuvers in avascular planes but also avoids visible scars. The outcome achieved with endoscopic techniques has permitted to consider it like the first election in the surgical treatment in tumors developed into both soft and osseous tissues of the frontal area, offering more advantages than the classic approaches.

  19. Video-assisted resection in mediofacial lateral tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrissi, Jorge Orlando

    2012-07-01

    Tumors that developed into the soft tissues of the cheek rising from the anterior prolongation of the parotid gland, minor salivary glands, and the masseter muscle are the most profitable with the use of video-assisted surgery.In the Department of Plastic Surgery at Argerich Hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 1999 to 2010, video-assisted approaches were used in the treatment of 158 patients, 16 of them presented tumors that developed into the tissues of the cheek.Intraoral approach such as natural orifice surgery was performed in 13 cases; in the other 3 cases, a preauricular incision was performed. Minor complications such as hematoma and transitory paresis of the superior buccal nerve were detected.Video-assisted technique offers both good illumination and excellent magnification, permitting not only a safe anatomic dissection by means of surgical maneuvers in avascular planes but also contributed to avoid injuries of facial nerve branches and secondary obstruction of the Stensen duct. On the other hand, when intraoral incisions are used, visible scarring is avoided; the uses of transoral areas are the most feasible approaches of natural orifice surgery.The outcome achieved with endoscopic techniques in mediofacial lateral areas has permitted to consider it as the first election in the surgical treatment in tumors that developed into the soft tissues of the cheek, offering more advantages than the classic approaches.

  20. Video-assisted thoracoscopic PlasmaJet ablation for malignant pleural mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perikleous, Periklis; Asadi, Nizar; Anikin, Vladimir

    2018-01-01

    The role of surgery in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) remains debatable; nonetheless the relative advantages of different surgical approaches are frequently reassessed and reconsidered. While extensive operations and longer recovery periods can be justified for a group of carefully selected patients, many will present at an advanced stage of their disease or with associated co-morbidities which will exclude them from selection criteria for radical treatment. For these patients, minimally invasive video-assisted procedures may be considered, for purposes of cytoreduction and/or symptomatic relief. Even though there is currently not enough clinical evidence to suggest an improvement in overall survival with limited debulking procedures, it has been suggested that they can improve quality of life over drainage and pleurodesis alone. We consider video-assisted PlasmaJet ablation to potentially have a role in mesothelioma surgery, as it may be used for effective cytoreduction while minimising the risk for complications often associated with extensive pleurectomy procedures, and we report on the use of the PlasmaJet Surgical System in our centre for surgical management of a patient with MPM. After demonstrating safety and absence of major adverse events with this approach, we feel justified in offering the procedure to more of our patients as we aim to collect additional data.

  1. Important Non-Technical Skills in Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjeraa, Kirsten; Mundt, Anna S; Spanager, Lene

    2017-01-01

    , problem solving, leadership, risk assessment, and teamwork. These non-technical skills enabled the team to achieve shared mental models, which in turn facilitated their efforts to anticipate next steps. This was viewed as important by the participants as they saw VATS lobectomy as a high-risk procedure......BACKGROUND: Safety in the operating room is dependent on the team's non-technical skills. The importance of non-technical skills appears to be different for minimally invasive surgery as compared with open surgery. The aim of this study was to identify which non-technical skills are perceived...... by team members to be most important for patient safety, in the setting of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. METHODS: This was an explorative, semistructured interview-based study with 21 participants from all four thoracic surgery centers in Denmark that perform VATS lobectomy. Data...

  2. Video-assisted thoracic surgery used in the cardiac re-synchronizartion therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuentes Valdes, Edelberto; Mojena Morfa, Guillermo; Gonzalez, Miguel Martin

    2010-01-01

    This is the first case of cardiac re-synchronization therapy (CRT) operated on the ''Hermanos Ameijeiras'' Clinical Surgical Hospital using video-assisted thoracic surgery. Patient is a man aged 67 presenting with a dilated myocardiopathy with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. At admission he showed a clinical picture of advanced cardiac insufficiency, thus, we considered the prescription of a CRT. After the failure of the percutaneous therapy for placing a electrode in a epicardiac vein of left ventricle, we decide the minimal invasive surgical approach. The epicardiac electrode implantation by thoracic surgery was a safe procedure without transoperative and postoperative complications. We have knowledge that this is the first time that a video-thoracoscopy in Cardiovascular Surgery is performed in Cuba. (author)

  3. Simulation training in video-assisted urologic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoznek, András; Salomon, Laurent; de la Taille, Alexandre; Yiou, René; Vordos, Dimitrios; Larre, Stéphane; Abbou, Clément-Claude

    2006-03-01

    The current system of surgical education is facing many challenges in terms of time efficiency, costs, and patient safety. Training using simulation is an emerging area, mostly based on the experience of other high-risk professions like aviation. The goal of simulation-based training in surgery is to develop not only technical but team skills. This learning environment is stress-free and safe, allows standardization and tailoring of training, and also objectively evaluate performances. The development of simulation training is straightforward in endourology, since these procedures are video-assisted and the low degree of freedom of the instruments is easily replicated. On the other hand, these interventions necessitate a long learning curve, training in the operative room is especially costly and risky. Many models are already in use or under development in all fields of video-assisted urologic surgery: ureteroscopy, percutaneous surgery, transurethral resection of the prostate, and laparoscopy. Although bench models are essential, simulation increasingly benefits from the achievements and development of computer technology. Still in its infancy, virtual reality simulation will certainly belong to tomorrow's teaching tools.

  4. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for acute thoracic trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Goodman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Operative intervention for thoracic trauma typically requires thoracotomy. We hypothesized that thoracoscopy may be safely and effectively utilized for the acute management of thoracic injuries. Materials and Methods: The Trauma Registry of a Level I trauma center was queried from 1999 through 2010 for all video-assisted thoracic procedures within 24 h of admission. Data collected included initial vital signs, operative indication, intraoperative course, and postoperative outcome. Results: Twenty-three patients met inclusion criteria: 3 (13% following blunt injury and 20 (87% after penetrating trauma. Indications for urgent thoracoscopy included diaphragmatic/esophageal injury, retained hemothorax, ongoing hemorrhage, and open/persistent pneumothorax. No conversions to thoracotomy were required and no patient required re-operation. Mean postoperative chest tube duration was 2.9 days and mean length of stay was 5.6 days. Conclusion: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is safe and effective for managing thoracic trauma in hemodynamically stable patients within the first 24 h post-injury.

  5. Coagulation profile in open and video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Vad, Henrik; Pedersen, Søren

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer patients are perceived to have a relatively high risk of venous thromboembolic events due to an activation of the coagulation system. In terms of activation of the coagulation system, the difference between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open lobectomies...... for primary lung cancer has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the impact on the coagulation system in patients undergoing curative surgery for primary lung cancer by either VATS or open lobectomies. METHODS: In total, 62 patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer were allocated...... to either VATS (n = 32) or open lobectomies (n = 30). All patients received subcutaneous injections with dalteparin (Fragmin®) 5000 IE once daily. The coagulation was assessed pre- and intraoperatively, and the first 2 days postoperatively by standard coagulation blood tests, thromboelastometry (ROTEM...

  6. Flexible Thoracoscopy may Facilitate Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Licht, Peter B; Ladegaard, Lars

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy was introduced in the early 1990s but has not yet gained widespread acceptance. The VATS approach is still controversial although several studies suggest less postoperative morbidity compared with open thoracotomy. Nevertheless, some patients...... report long-lasting chest wall pain following VATS procedures, and, in theory, such pain may be related to intercostal nerve injury. The present study presents our experience with a commercially available flexible thoracoscope. METHODS: The study was designed as a case-control series of prospectively...... collected data to determine if performing VATS with a flexible thorascope could have benefits for both the patient and the surgeon. RESULTS: During the last 24 months 128 of 274 consecutive lobectomies (47%) were scheduled as VATS procedures with a new flexible high-definition thoracoscope. Six operations...

  7. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy at 20 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yan, Tristan D; Cao, Christopher; D'Amico, Thomas A

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has been gradually accepted as an alternative surgical approach to open thoracotomy for selected patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the past 20 years. The aim of this project was to standardize the perioperative...... management of VATS lobectomy patients through expert consensus and to provide insightful guidance to clinical practice. METHODS: A panel of 55 experts on VATS lobectomy was identified by the Scientific Secretariat and the International Scientific Committee of the '20th Anniversary of VATS Lobectomy...... the panel of experts. Clinical practice was deemed 'recommended' if 50-74% of the experts reached agreement and 'highly recommended' if 75% or more of the experts reached agreement. RESULTS: Fifty VATS lobectomy experts (91%) from 16 countries completed both rounds of standardized questionnaires...

  8. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for pulmonary aspergilloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvind Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Surgical management of pulmonary aspergilloma in symptomatic patients offers a significant chance of cure. Video-assisted thoracic surgery is a valid alternative for properly selected cases. We herein report our experience with thoracoscopic management of pulmonary aspergilloma. Patient and Methods: This retrospective analysis was performed on 41 patients operated between 2012 to 2015. The patient records were thoroughly analyzed for demography, clinical presentation, computed tomography , the procedure performed , post-operative complications and course during 6 month's follow up. Results: Out of total 41 patients, 23 (56% were treated by VATS and 18 (44% by thoracotomy. Average intraoperative blood loss was 214 ml (±106 in VATS group and 461 ml (±167 in thoracotomy. Mean operative time was 162 (±14 minutes in VATS and 239 (±12 minutes in thoracotomy group. In VATS group, postoperative complications were found in 5 patients and in 11 patients in the thoracotomy group. Average duration of chest tube was 5.43 ( days in VATS group and 8.94 ( days in thoracotomy group. Average length of hospital stay was 5.04 in VATS group and 6.55 days in thoracotomy group. Conclusions: VATS for pulmonary aspergilloma, if applicable, may be a safe and efficacious option in experienced hands. Simple aspergilloma, in particular , is considered to be a good indication for VATS. Some cases of complex aspergilloma may also be amenable to VATS. However, the long term results need to be further analyzed using a larger study group.

  9. Thyroidectomy: is Lugol's iodine necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyle, P J; Mitchell, J E

    1982-01-01

    In a randomised controlled clinical trial of Lugol's iodine against placebo in 44 patients undergoing thyroidectomy we have failed to show any benefit in terms of reduced bleeding or operative facility after using iodide solution. PMID:7051944

  10. Thyroidectomy: is Lugol's iodine necessary?

    OpenAIRE

    Coyle, P J; Mitchell, J E

    1982-01-01

    In a randomised controlled clinical trial of Lugol's iodine against placebo in 44 patients undergoing thyroidectomy we have failed to show any benefit in terms of reduced bleeding or operative facility after using iodide solution.

  11. Protecting the skin during thyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renan Bezerra Lira

    Full Text Available In this note we describe the standard technical maneuver used in our department to protect the skin during thyroidectomy in order to get the best aesthetic result. We use surgical gloves to protect the skin during these operations to reduce the negative impact of thermal trauma and mechanical retractors and energy delivery devices at the edges of the skin incised. This practice is effective, inexpensive, rapid, reproducible and showed no complication in our experience of over 2,500 thyroidectomies.

  12. Cost and effectiveness of lung lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery for lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mafé, Juan J; Planelles, Beatriz; Asensio, Santos; Cerezal, Jorge; Inda, María-Del-Mar; Lacueva, Javier; Esteban, Maria-Dolores; Hernández, Luis; Martín, Concepción; Baschwitz, Benno; Peiró, Ana M

    2017-08-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) emerged as a minimally invasive surgery for diseases in the field of thoracic surgery. We herein reviewed our experience on thoracoscopic lobectomy for early lung cancer and evaluated Health System use. A cost-effectiveness study was performed comparing VATS vs. open thoracic surgery (OPEN) for lung cancer patients. Demographic data, tumor localization, dynamic pulmonary function tests [forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), diffusion capacity (DLCO) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max)], surgical approach, postoperative details, and complications were recorded and analyzed. One hundred seventeen patients underwent lung resection by VATS (n=42, 36%; age: 63±9 years old, 57% males) or OPEN (n=75, 64%; age: 61±11 years old, 73% males). Pulmonary function tests decreased just after surgery with a parallel increasing tendency during first 12 months. VATS group tended to recover FEV1 and FVC quicker with significantly less clinical and post-surgical complications (31% vs. 53%, P=0.015). Costs including surgery and associated hospital stay, complications and costs in the 12 months after surgery were significantly lower for VATS (P<0.05). The VATS approach surgery allowed earlier recovery at a lower cost than OPEN with a better cost-effectiveness profile.

  13. Coagulation profile in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: A randomized, controlled trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Decker Christensen

    Full Text Available Knowledge about the impact of Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin (LMWH on the coagulation system in patients undergoing minimal invasive lung cancer surgery is sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of LMWH on the coagulation system in patients undergoing Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS lobectomy for primary lung cancer.Sixty-three patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer undergoing VATS lobectomy were randomized to either subcutaneous injection with dalteparin (Fragmin® 5000 IE once daily or no intervention. Coagulation was assessed pre-, peri-, and the first two days postoperatively by standard coagulation blood test, thromboelastometry (ROTEM® and thrombin generation.Patients undergoing potential curative surgery for lung cancer were not hypercoagulable preoperatively. There was no statistically significant difference in the majority of the assessed coagulation parameters after LMWH, except that the no intervention group had a higher peak thrombin and a shorter INTEM clotting time on the first postoperative day and a lower fibrinogen level on the second postoperative day. A lower level of fibrin d-dimer in the LMWH group was found on the 1. and 2.postoperative day, although not statistical significant. No differences were found between the two groups in the amount of bleeding or number of thromboembolic events.Use of LMWH administered once daily as thromboprophylaxis did not alter the coagulation profile per se. As the present study primarily evaluated biochemical endpoints, further studies using clinical endpoints are needed in regards of an optimized thromboprophylaxis approach.

  14. Video-assisted thoracic surgery for superior posterior mediastinal neurogenic tumour in the supine position

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlong Laleng

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS for a superior posterior mediastinal lesion is routinely done in the lateral decubitus position similar to a standard thoracotomy using a double-lumen endotracheal tube for one-lung ventilation. This is an area above the level of the pericardium, with the superior thoracic opening as its superior limit and its inferior limit at the plane from the sternal angle to the level of intervertebral disc of thoracic 4 to 5 vertebra lying behind the great vessels. The lateral decubitus position has disadvantages of the double-lumen endotracheal tube getting malpositioned during repositioning from supine position to the lateral decubitus position, shoulder injuries due to the prolonged abnormal fixed posture and rarer injuries of the lower limb. There is no literature related to VATS in the supine position for treating lesions in the posterior mediastinum because the lung tissue falls in the dependent posterior mediastinum and obscures the field of surgery; however, VATS in the supine position is routinely done for lesions in the anterior mediastinum and single-stage bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. Thus, in the selected cases, ′VATS in supine position′ allows an invasive procedure to be completed in the most stable anatomical posture.

  15. Coronary artery disease is associated with an increased mortality rate following video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandri, Alberto; Petersen, Rene Horsleben; Decaluwé, Herbert

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and mortality following video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy in patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Multicentre retrospective analysis of 1699 patients undergoing VATS lobectomy...

  16. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy using a standardized anterior approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Christensen, Merete

    2011-01-01

    Lobectomy using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) still is a controversial operation despite its many observed benefits. The controversy may be due to difficulties performing the procedure. This study addresses a standardized anterior approach facilitating the operation.......Lobectomy using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) still is a controversial operation despite its many observed benefits. The controversy may be due to difficulties performing the procedure. This study addresses a standardized anterior approach facilitating the operation....

  17. The evolution of uniportal video assisted thoracic surgery in Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guido Guerrero, William; Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Yang, Yang; Li, Wentao

    2016-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become one of the most important advances in thoracic surgery in this generation. It has evolved continuously into a less invasive approach, being uniportal VATS the last step in this evolution. Since the first uniportal VATS lobectomy was performed in La Coruña in 2010, the procedure has suffered and exponential growth that has allowed it to widespread around the world, expanding the indications from initially early stage lung cancer cases to complex advance cases nowadays. In Costa Rica, uniportal VATS started to be used for major pulmonary resection in June 2014, thanks to the tutoring from Dr. Gonzalez-Rivas. In our center, uniportal VATS is the standard approach for minimally invasive procedures, and major pulmonary resections had only been done through the single port approach. In order to evolve and progress in the experience of the procedure, and to expand the indications in which it was being performed, a "uniportal VATS master class" was held in Rafael Angel Calderón Guardia Hospital in San José, Costa Rica, from September 16 to September 18 2015. The master class was led by Dr. Diego Gonzalez-Rivas and it counted with the contribution of Dr. Li Wentao and Dr. Yang Yang, from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. The course attracted almost every thoracic surgeon in our country and participants also included anesthesiologists, pulmonologists, nurses and medical students. Three uniportal VATS were performed during the course, a left lower and a right upper lobectomy and a wedge resection that was the first non-intubated VATS procedure ever performed in our country.

  18. The Athens uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery masterclass—an ambitious kickstarter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas, Diego Gonzalez; Konstantinidis, Konstantinos; Siafakas, Konstantinos

    2017-01-01

    The shift from open to minimally invasive techniques in thoracic surgery has been dramatic during the past 10 years. Not only the feasibility, safety, reproducibility and oncologic efficacy of these techniques have been clearly demonstrated, but also their superiority concerning mortality, postoperative pain, postoperative quality of life and recovery. Thus, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently the procedure of choice for a wide variety of thoracic interventions, ranging from major pulmonary resections for lung cancer to thymectomy and mediastinal procedures, even to esophageal procedures. Amongst the various minimally invasive techniques, the uniportal or single incision VATS has recently gained great popularity. The concept of a single 2.5 cm incision, despite not being the technique’s only advantage, through which major thoracic procedures can be carried out, seems to greatly appeal to surgeons throughout the globe. Appealing as it may be, the technique is also demanding, revealing the need for training. A well organised and structured, fee free training programme that has been running at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital for more than 2 years under the inspirational guidance of Dr. Gonzalez Rivas has undoubtedly skyrocketed the technique’s adoption worldwide. Of equal significance towards the spread of the technique have proved to be the master classes, 2-day intensive tutorials, hosted by centres all over the world during which Dr Rivas outlines the principles of the technique before performing with the assistance of the local surgical team. We hereby reflect on the experience obtained following Riva’s visit to our institution in Athens, Hellas (Greece) for a 2-day uniportal VATS master class, the first held in Hellas. PMID:29078613

  19. The Athens uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery masterclass-an ambitious kickstarter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soultanis, Constantine Marios; Rivas, Diego Gonzalez; Konstantinidis, Konstantinos; Siafakas, Konstantinos

    2017-01-01

    The shift from open to minimally invasive techniques in thoracic surgery has been dramatic during the past 10 years. Not only the feasibility, safety, reproducibility and oncologic efficacy of these techniques have been clearly demonstrated, but also their superiority concerning mortality, postoperative pain, postoperative quality of life and recovery. Thus, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is currently the procedure of choice for a wide variety of thoracic interventions, ranging from major pulmonary resections for lung cancer to thymectomy and mediastinal procedures, even to esophageal procedures. Amongst the various minimally invasive techniques, the uniportal or single incision VATS has recently gained great popularity. The concept of a single 2.5 cm incision, despite not being the technique's only advantage, through which major thoracic procedures can be carried out, seems to greatly appeal to surgeons throughout the globe. Appealing as it may be, the technique is also demanding, revealing the need for training. A well organised and structured, fee free training programme that has been running at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital for more than 2 years under the inspirational guidance of Dr. Gonzalez Rivas has undoubtedly skyrocketed the technique's adoption worldwide. Of equal significance towards the spread of the technique have proved to be the master classes, 2-day intensive tutorials, hosted by centres all over the world during which Dr Rivas outlines the principles of the technique before performing with the assistance of the local surgical team. We hereby reflect on the experience obtained following Riva's visit to our institution in Athens, Hellas (Greece) for a 2-day uniportal VATS master class, the first held in Hellas.

  20. Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery Ivor Lewis esophagectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmitrii, Sekhniaidze; Malik, Agasiev

    2016-01-01

    Esophageal cancer is one of the most debilitating diseases, and treatment of patients with this medical condition is considered to be one of the most complicated problems in clinical oncology. The up-to-date tendency of bringing minimally-invasive surgeries into more widespread use makes it necessary to invent new techniques to solve some or other tasks including those accompanying esophageal diseases. This article shows our innovation minimally-invasive technique of Ivor Lewis esophagectomy.

  1. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for complex mediastinal mass resections

    OpenAIRE

    Marshall, M. Blair; DeMarchi, Lorenzo; Emerson, Dominic A.; Holzner, Matthew L.

    2015-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery has changed the way operative procedures are performed in many specialties. As surgeons have become progressively facile with these techniques, the opportunities to use them have expanded. In thoracic surgery, many surgeons now use minimally invasive techniques to resect small, uncomplicated pathologies of the mediastinum as well as to perform thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Experience with these techniques has allowed new knowledge to be gained and expansion of t...

  2. Important Non-Technical Skills in Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy: Team Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjeraa, Kirsten; Mundt, Anna S; Spanager, Lene; Hansen, Henrik J; Konge, Lars; Petersen, René H; Østergaard, Doris

    2017-07-01

    Safety in the operating room is dependent on the team's non-technical skills. The importance of non-technical skills appears to be different for minimally invasive surgery as compared with open surgery. The aim of this study was to identify which non-technical skills are perceived by team members to be most important for patient safety, in the setting of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. This was an explorative, semistructured interview-based study with 21 participants from all four thoracic surgery centers in Denmark that perform VATS lobectomy. Data analysis was deductive, and directed content analysis was used to code the text into the Oxford Non-Technical Skills system for evaluating operating teams' non-technical skills. The most important non-technical skills described by the VATS teams were planning and preparation, situation awareness, problem solving, leadership, risk assessment, and teamwork. These non-technical skills enabled the team to achieve shared mental models, which in turn facilitated their efforts to anticipate next steps. This was viewed as important by the participants as they saw VATS lobectomy as a high-risk procedure with complementary and overlapping scopes of practice between surgical and anesthesia subteams. This study identified six non-technical skills that serve as the foundation for shared mental models of the patient, the current situation, and team resources. These findings contribute three important additions to the shared mental model construct: planning and preparation, risk assessment, and leadership. Shared mental models are crucial for patient safety because they enable VATS teams to anticipate problems through adaptive patterns of both implicit and explicit coordination. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for complex mediastinal mass resections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, M Blair; DeMarchi, Lorenzo; Emerson, Dominic A; Holzner, Matthew L

    2015-11-01

    Minimally invasive surgery has changed the way operative procedures are performed in many specialties. As surgeons have become progressively facile with these techniques, the opportunities to use them have expanded. In thoracic surgery, many surgeons now use minimally invasive techniques to resect small, uncomplicated pathologies of the mediastinum as well as to perform thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Experience with these techniques has allowed new knowledge to be gained and expansion of the use of these techniques for more complicated mediastinal pathology. This keynote address will outline the instrumentation and techniques that we have adopted over a decade of using these techniques for more complicated mediastinal pathology.

  4. Subxiphoid uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for synchronous bilateral lung resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xueying; Wang, Linlin

    2018-01-01

    With advancements in medical imaging and current emphasis on regular physical examinations, multiple pulmonary lesions increasingly are being detected, including bilateral pulmonary lesions. Video-assisted thoracic surgery is an important method for treating such lesions. Most of video-assisted thoracic surgeries for bilateral pulmonary lesions were two separate operations. Herein, we report a novel technique of synchronous subxiphoid uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery for bilateral pulmonary lesions. Synchronous bilateral lung resection procedures were performed through a single incision (~4 cm, subxiphoid). This technique was used successfully in 11 patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions. There were no intraoperative deaths or mortality recorded at 30 days. Our results show that the subxiphoid uniportal thoracoscopic procedure is a safe and feasible surgical procedure for synchronous bilateral lung resection with less surgical trauma, postoperative pain and better cosmetic results in qualifying patients. Further analysis is ongoing, involving a larger number of subjects.

  5. [Video-assisted extirpation of breast fibroadenoma with immediate bilateral breast augmentation--a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gverić, Tugomir; Semanjski, Kristina; Barić, Marko; Adanić, Zrnka; Pintar, Miljana; Zdilar, Boris; Huljev, Dubravko; Krstonijević, Zoran; Gorski, Dinko; Gverić-Ahmetasević, Snjezana

    2011-01-01

    Since mid 1990s video-assisted breast surgery (VABS) has been developed in the treatment of benign and malignant breast diseases. According to studies that are conducted mainly in Japan, this tehnique is safe, easy to learn and his main advantage is excellent cosmetic results on postoperative appearance of breasts that cannot be achived with standard surgical procedures. To present a first case of video assisted breast surgery in Croatia applied to treatment of breast fibroadenoma and immediate bilateral breast augmentation. A 39 year old female patient was admitted to our hospital for elective procedure of breast augmentation. On this occasion video assisted extirpation of fibroadenoma was performed through inframammary incision and followed by immediate bilateral breast augmentation. VABS is feasible, cosmetic effects are evident and the VABS deserves attention as a possible surgical option in breast surgery. However further experience on this field must be gained and it remains to evaluate this tehnique on the additional studies.

  6. Video-assisted Thoracoscope versus Video-assisted Mini-thoracotomy for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing WANG

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The aim of this study is to assess the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS and video-assisted mini-thoracotomy (VAMT in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Methods We searched PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP and ISI Web of Science to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs of VATS versus VAMT for NSCLC. Each database was searched from May 2006 to May 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of the included studies and extracted relevant data, using RevMan 5.3 meta-analysis software. Results We finally identified 13 RCTs involving 1,605 patients. There were 815 patients in the VATS group and 790 patients in the VAMT group. The results of meta-analysis were as follows: statistically significant difference was found in the harvested lymph nodes (SMD=-0.48, 95%CI: -0.80--0.17, operating time (SMD=13.56, 95%CI: 4.96-22.16, operation bleeding volume (SMD=-33.68, 95%CI: -45.70--21.66, chest tube placement time (SMD=-1.05, 95%CI: -1.48--0.62, chest tube drainage flow (SMD=-83.69, 95%CI: -143.33--24.05, postoperative pain scores (SMD=-1.68, 95%CI: -1.98--1.38 and postoperative hospital stay (SMD=-2.27, 95%CI: -3.23--1.31. No statistically significant difference was found in postoperative complications (SMD=0.83, 95%CI: 0.54-1.29 and postoperative mortality (SMD=0.95, 95%CI: 0.55-1.63 between videoassisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy and video-assisted mini-thoracotomy lobectomy in the treatment of NSCLC. Conclusion Compared with video-assisted mini-thoracotomy lobectomy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, the amount of postoperative complications and postoperative mortality were almost the same in video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy, but the amount of harvested lymph nodes, operating time, blood loss, chest tube drainage flow, and postoperative hospital stay were different. VATS is safe and effective in the treatment of NSCLC.

  7. Fast-track video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbek, Bo Laksafoss; Petersen, René Horsleben; Kehlet, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    -assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS), robotic, thoracotomy, single-incision, uniportal, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), chest tube, air-leak, digital drainage, pain management, analgesia, perioperative management, anaesthesia and non-intubated. References from articles were screened for further...... articles. Using abstracts, areas of interest for developing a fast-track protocol were selected. Results The minimally invasive approach can be divided into several surgical methods that need further research to establish superiority. The role of intubation has to be further examined as well as the role...

  8. Video-assisted pericardioscopy. How to improve diagnostic efficacy in pericardial effusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo M. Pêgo-Fernandes

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess, in a prospective way, the experience with video-assisted pericardioscopy obtained in patients with pericardial effusion of unclear etiology in the preoperative period. METHODS: From January 1998 to June 2000, 20 patients were operated upon with the aid of video-assisted pericardioscopy. On echocardiography, 17 of these patients had significant pericardial effusion, and 3 had moderate pericardial effusion. Video-assisted pericardioscopy was performed through a small incision of the Marfan type. RESULTS: The diagnosis of pericardial effusion was established as follows: idiopathic in 9 (45% patients, neoplastic in 4 (20%, resulting from hypothyroidism in 3 (15%, tuberculous in 2 (10%, due to cholesterol in 1 (5%, and chylopericardial in 1 (5%. The biopsy was positive in 30% of the patients, and the etiology could not be defined in 45% of the patients. CONCLUSION: Video-assisted pericardioscopy proved to be a method with low morbidity and a high index of diagnostic positivity. A high percentage of pericardial effusions are caused by viral infections, which are not diagnosed through current methods, being, therefore, classified as idiopathic.

  9. Video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy using 5-mm ports and carbon dioxide insufflation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, René Horsleben

    2016-01-01

    complications overall with similar outcomes regarding survival, recurrence of thymoma and complete remission (CR) for myasthenia gravis patients. A variety of different approaches have been described previously. This is a detailed description of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy using three 5 mm ports...

  10. Early pleural fluid dynamics following video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy has limited clinical value

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbek, Bo Laksáfoss; Petersen, René Horsleben; Kehlet, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of predicting the pleural fluid output in patients after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy of the lung. Detailed measurements of continuous fluid output were obtained prospectively using an electronic thoracic drainage device (Thopaz...

  11. Multimodal analgesic treatment in video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy using an intraoperative intercostal catheter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildgaard, Kim; Petersen, Rene H; Hansen, Henrik J

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: No golden standard for analgesia in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy exists. A simple multimodal approach using an intercostal catheter (ICC) may be of benefit since acute post-operative pain following VATS lobectomy primarily originates from the chest drain area. METH...

  12. Video assisted right mini-thoracotomy for aortic valve replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Carl A; Melvin, Amber L; Lebow, Brandon F; Yap, Amanda; Knight, Peter A

    2018-01-01

    Aortic valve replacement through minimally invasive access is increasing. These procedures have several advantages over conventional sternotomy including decreased intensive care unit and hospital length of stay and decreased ventilation time. The right anterior mini-thoracotomy (RAM) approach is potentially attractive in that it completely spares the sternum leading to improved cosmesis, reduced blood loss, and improved patient satisfaction. However, this approach is underutilized due to anticipated technical challenges including difficulty with visualization and annular suture placement. We employ a camera and automated suturing technology for supra-annular valve implant. A RAM is performed via a 5 cm incision in the right second intercostal space with a camera port placed lateral to the incision. Peripheral venous cannulation is performed along with central arterial cannulation. Aortic cross clamp is placed through a 5 mm incision in the third interspace anterior to mid axillary line. Histidine tryptophan ketoglutarate (HTK) cardioplegia is administered. After aortic leaflet removal, annular and prosthetic sutures are placed with shafted instruments or with automated suturing technology. Aortic valve replacement can be performed safely through a RAM. The use of a camera and automated suturing technology facilitates this procedure, potentially enabling more surgeons to offer this less invasive approach to patients.

  13. Harmonic focus in thyroidectomy for substernal goiter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahn, Christoffer Holst; Trolle, Waldemar; Sørensen, Christian Hjort

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: No previous prospective study has evaluated harmonic scalpel in thyroidectomy for substernal goiter. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of harmonic scalpel (FOCUS shear, Ethicon Endo-Surgery) in thyroidectomy for substernal goiter for blood loss, operative time...... time was significantly longer in the harmonic group. CONCLUSION: Harmonic scalpel is a safe tool for thyroidectomy for substernal goiter. Its utilisation is associated with reduced blood loss, lower incidence of postoperative haemorrhage and shorter hospital stay....

  14. Role of video-assisted thoracoscopy in patients with ovarian cancer and pleural effusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen-Mouly, Sandra; Badia, Alain; Bats, Anne-Sophie; Barthes, Françoise; Bensaïd, Chérazade; Riquet, Marc; Lécuru, Fabrice

    2009-12-01

    To evaluate the feasibility of video-assisted thoracoscopy (VAT) for staging advanced ovarian cancer, to measure the performance of preoperative computed tomography (CT) for diagnosing pleural metastases, to assess the correlation between pleural and abdominal involvement, and to measure the impact of VAT on patient management. We retrospectively evaluated 16 VAT procedures in 15 patients with advanced ovarian malignancies and pleural effusions. The reason for VAT was either to evaluate unilateral or bilateral pleural effusions (n = 15) or to evaluate pleural metastases after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (n = 1). Preoperative CT was performed routinely, and findings were compared with those of VAT. The rates of involvement of the hepatic pedicle, mesentery, and right side of the diaphragm were compared with the rate of pleural involvement. The right side of the chest was examined 12 times; and the left side, 4 times. There were no complications; 1 procedure was stopped because of ventilatory intolerance. Video-assisted thoracoscopy identified metastases smaller than 1 cm in 5 patients and larger than 1 cm in 2 additional patients; there was no evidence of pleural involvement in 6 patients. Computed tomography had 14% sensitivity and 25% specificity for pleural status determination, using VAT biopsy as the reference standard. Pleural involvement did not correlate with involvement of the hepatic pedicle, mesentery, or right side of the diaphragm. Video-assisted thoracoscopy performs better than CT for evaluating pleural involvement in ovarian cancer. Video-assisted thoracoscopy supplies accurate data on thoracic involvement, which does not seem predictable from the peritoneal involvement. Video-assisted thoracoscopy may impact patient management.

  15. Video assisted right mini-thoracotomy for aortic root replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Carl A; Wood, Katherine L; Melvin, Amber L; Lebow, Brandon F; Knight, Peter A

    2018-01-01

    Aortic root replacement is typically performed through a median sternotomy. The right anterior mini-thoracotomy approach has been shown to decrease hospital length of stay in aortic valve surgery when compared to sternotomy. This approach is rare in ascending aortic surgery due to technical challenges which include exposure and annular suture placement. Automated suturing technology is now available to facilitate the placement of annular sutures. The use of a camera greatly enhances visualization of the aortic root. A right anterior mini-thoracotomy is performed via a 5 cm incision in the right second intercostal space with a camera port placed lateral to the incision. Peripheral arterial and venous cannulation are performed. The aortic cross clamp is placed through a 5 mm incision in the third interspace anterior to mid axillary line. Histidine tryptophan ketoglutarate (HTK) cardioplegia is administered and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is achieved followed by completion of the distal anastomosis with a 4-0 polypropylene running suture. After aortic leaflet removal, annular and prosthetic sutures are placed with shafted instruments or with automated suturing technology. Coronary button suturing and graft-to-graft anastomoses are performed with shafted instruments. Aortic root procedures can be performed safely through a right anterior mini-thoracotomy. The use of a camera and automated suturing technology may further facilitate this procedure, enabling more surgeons to offer this less invasive approach to patients.

  16. Completion thyroidectomy: Results of a single center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadullah Girgin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Completion thyroidectomy is required at situations such as recurrent nodular goiter and malignant findings at histopathology after primary operation for noduler goiter. The aim of this study was to investigate the indications for the completion thyroidectomy and the effect of the operation timing on morbidity.Materials and Methods: Thirty-one consecutive patients (26 females and 5 males with a mean age of 36.5±7.7 years (range, 23-55 yrs that underwent completion thyroidectomy were investigated. The patients, who needed re-operation for recurrence with diagnosis of histopathologically proven malignancy or re-operated for recurrence, were included. Results: Seventeen patients had the second operation performed within 10 days or more than 90 days after initial operation (group 1. Fourteen patients had re-operation between 10 and 90 days after the first procedure (group 2. Histopathological examination after the completion thyroidectomy revealed remnant tumour in 7 patients (23%, two of them in the contralateral lobe. One patient suffered from a permanent hypoparathyroidism in group 1 and a permanent vocal cord paralysis in group 2.Conclusion: Our results suggest that other treatment modalities except total thyroidectomy are insufficient, since remnant tumour was seen over 20% of the histopathological specimens of the completion thyroidectomy. Timing of completion thyroidectomy had no effect on the thyroid cancer development. Total thyroidectomy can be preferred in the surgical management of tiroid cancers or benign nodular goiter.

  17. Patients' quality of life post thyroidectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, E C

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to evaluate health related quality of life post thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism with respect to clinical benefit and patient satisfaction. This is one of the first such studies in the literature evaluating quality of life post thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism.

  18. Persistent postsurgical pain after video-assisted thoracic surgery – an observational study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildgaard, Kim; Ringsted, T K; Jessen Hansen, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The risk of persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) and subsequent pain-related functional impairment may potentially be reduced by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) compared to thoracotomy. The aim of the study was therefore to assess in detail the incidence and consequences on activ......BACKGROUND: The risk of persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) and subsequent pain-related functional impairment may potentially be reduced by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) compared to thoracotomy. The aim of the study was therefore to assess in detail the incidence and consequences...... on activities of daily living of PPP after VATS. METHODS: Using a prospective observational design, 47 patients undergoing VATS completed both preoperative, early postoperative and 3 months follow-up. Preoperative pain, pain characteristics, psychological factors, pain-related functional impairment...

  19. High-definition video-assisted transaxillary first rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Yiu Che; Gelabert, Hugh A

    2013-04-01

    Transaxillary first rib resection is a well-established effective surgical treatment for patients with symptomatic thoracic outlet syndrome, but surgical access may be limited and visualization is constrained. The use of high-definition video-assisted imaging overcomes these limitations. The use of high-definition video-assisted visualization of the anatomy enhances the surgeon's tactile feedback of the rib from the small open wound and is effective in providing better surgical access and allows clear identification of vital structures for the operating surgical team. This technique enhances the appreciation of anatomic detail, situational awareness of the team, and allows for more efficient assistance to the surgeon. Improved visualization also facilitates effective education of nurses, residents, and students. Copyright © 2013 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery in a 1-month-old Infant with Pleural Empyema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheung Leung

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pleural empyema is a frequent complication of bacterial pneumonia in childhood but is rare in neonates. Various modalities of treatment from intravenous antibiotics, chest tube drainage, intrapleural fibrinolytic agent installation, video-assisted thoracostomy to surgical decortication have been suggested to treat different stages of empyema in children, but management of progressive empyema in neonates is still at the stage of antimicrobial therapy and tube thoracostomy. Here, we report a 1-month-old infant with staphy-lococcal pneumonia complicated with multiloculated empyema who was successfully treated with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS after 4 days of chest tube drainage and parenteral antibiotics. The patient's condition improved rapidly after the operation and the antimicrobial therapy was continued for 3 weeks. He was asymptomatic and thriving at follow-up 1 year later. Chest radiography at 1 month was free of any lesion. This case suggests that VATS can be a safe and effective treatment for neonatal empyema.

  1. [Usefulness of mini loop retractor in video-assisted thoracic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikeda, Y; Tamura, M; Umezu, H; Karube, Y; Seki, N; Kobayashi, S; Nagai, S; Miyoshi, S

    2003-03-01

    We have developed a technique using a Mini Loop Retractor II and successfully performed video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in 32 patients. It is inserted into the pleural cavity through a skin puncture and a loop at its distal end is easily, and is freely adjustable in dimensions so that it can act as a retractor or holding forceps. Mini Loop Retractor II was very useful instruments in VATS.

  2. Thinking on the Training of Uniportal Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Yuming ZHU; Gening JIANG

    2018-01-01

    Recently, uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has developed rapidly and has become the main theme of global surgical development. The specific, standardized and systematic training of this technology has become an important topic. Specific training in the uniportal VATS approach is crucial to ensure safety and radical treatment. Such training approach, including a direct interaction with experienced surgeons in high-volume centers, is crucial and represents an indispensable step....

  3. CONDUCCIÓN ANESTÉSICA DE LA REVASCULARIZACIÓN MIOCÁRDICA VIDEO-ASISTIDA. INFORME DE CINCO CASOS / Anesthetic conduction of video-assisted myocardial revascularization. Report of five cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Rodríguez Rosales

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of video-assisted cardiac surgery are very necessary for high-risk patients, but subjecting them to possible complications is a big responsibility and a challenge for the cardiovascular anesthesiologist. This article presents the first five cases of video-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting in the country, and describes the anesthetic techniques and results. Also, the advantages of this surgical technique are discussed: less invasive, less postoperative pain, less duration of postoperative intubation and ventilation, minimal risk of infection and bleeding, reduced need for transfusions, and better healing and aesthetics of the wound. It was concluded that although this series is small, we consider it a good option for patients with ischemic heart disease and a single-vessel (anterior descending artery revascularization criterion, not accessible to intervention.

  4. Hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy: Predictive factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coimbra, Cristiana; Monteiro, Francisco; Oliveira, Pedro; Ribeiro, Leandro; de Almeida, Mário Giesteira; Condé, Artur

    To evaluate the incidence and predictive factors for transient and permanent hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy. We studied all the 162 patients that underwent thyroid surgery in the ENT department of the Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova Gaia/Espinho from January 2005 to December 2014. We reviewed pre-operative, 6h and 12h after surgery ionized calcium and PTH levels. All patients were reviewed and evaluated according to the following criteria: gender, age, thyroid function, histologic diagnosis of the specimen, surgery extension and presence or absence of hypoparathyroidism. There were 31 (19.1%) cases of transient hypoparathyroidism and 8 (5%) of permanent hypoparathyroidism. No significant difference was found for transient hypoparathyroidism when patients were analyzed by gender. However, all cases of permanent hypoparathyroidism were observed in female individuals. Comparing hemithyroidectomy with all other surgical procedures, we found that extension of surgery was a great predictor of transient (p=0.0001) and permanent (p=0.001) hypoparathyroidism. Diagnosis of malignancy was a strong predictor of transient hypoparathyroidism (p=0.002). It was also associated with permanent hypoparathyroidism, although differences did not reach statistical significance (p=0.096). Extension of surgery (total thyroidectomy) and diagnosis of malignancy are predictors of transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello. All rights reserved.

  5. Videotoracoscopia para remoção de corpo estranho da cavidade pleural Video-assisted thoracoscopic removal of foreign bodies from the pleural cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Antonio Marsico

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A videotoracoscopia é considerada um procedimento cirúrgico minimamente invasivo. É o procedimento de escolha para o tratamento de algumas doenças pulmonares e pleurais. Cada vez mais vem sendo empregada na fase aguda do trauma torácico. Outra indicação de seu uso, pouco descrita na literatura, é para a remoção de corpos estranhos intratorácicos retidos. Relatamos o uso da videotoracoscopia para a remoção de projéteis intrapleurais em dois pacientes hemodinamicamente estáveis nos quais a toracotomia foi evitada.Video-assisted thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique. It is the procedure of choice for the treatment of certain lung and pleural diseases. It has been increasingly used in the acute phase of thoracic trauma. Another indication for its use, which is rarely described in the literature, is for the removal of retained intrathoracic foreign bodies. We report the cases of two hemodynamically stable gunshot victims in whom the bullet was removed from the pleural cavity through video-assisted thoracoscopy, thereby avoiding the need for thoracotomy.

  6. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic right upper sleeve lobectomy and tracheoplasty in a 10-year-old patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Marin, Jessica Correa; Granados, Juan Pablo Ovalle; Llano, Juan David Urrea; Cañas, Sonia Roque; Arqueta, Alonso Oviedo; de la Torre, Mercedes

    2016-09-01

    Tracheobronchial pediatric tumors are very rare and procedures like pneumonectomy are seldomly indicated due to the associated morbidity. If a surgical approach is considered, the ideal oncological technique would be the minimally invasive sleeve resection, allowing preservation of lung parenchyma (very important in pediatric patients). Here we present the first report of a thoracoscopic right upper tracheo-bronchial sleeve lobectomy in a pediatric patient. A 10-year-old female patient, who received multiple antibiotic treatments for recurrent pneumonia without improvement, was diagnosed with a right upper lobe (RUL) carcinoid tumor. The patient was proposed for uniportal thoracoscopic surgery. The patient was placed in a lateral decubitus position and a single 3 cm incision was performed at the anterior level of 4 th intercostal space. A right upper lobectomy with a tracheo-bronchial sleeve resection using the uniportal technique was successfully performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged home on the 7 th postoperative day. The bronchoscopic control showed excellent caliber of the anastomosis with no complications. The uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach is an excellent option for endobronchial tumor management in pediatric patients, offering a quick recovery and low morbidity. The performance of a thoracoscopic sleeve anastomosis in young patients is crucial and should only be performed by very experienced thoracoscopic surgeons.

  7. Robotic thyroidectomy versus endoscopic thyroidectomy: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Shuang

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To conduct a meta-analysis to determine the relative merits of robotic thyroidectomy (RT and endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET. Methods A literature search was performed to identify comparative studies reporting peri-operative outcomes for RT and ET. Pooled odds ratios (ORs and weighted mean differences (WMDs with 95% confidence interval (95% CI were calculated using either a fixed-effects or a random-effects model. Results Six studies matched the selection criteria, which reported on 2048 subjects, of whom 978 underwent RT and 1070 underwent ET. Comparing the outcomes of RT with ET, this meta-analysis indicated that RT was associated with more complications (WMD = 1.51, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.94 and greater amount of drainage fluid (WMD = 17.10, 95% CI 5.69 to 28.51. Meanwhile, operating time (WMD = 1.50, 95% CI −39.59 to 42.58, conversion (WMD = 0.63, 95% CI 0.07 to 6.17, post-operative hospital stay (WMD = −0.05; 95% CI −0.18 to 0.08, and the number of lymph nodes harvested (WMD = 0.62, 95% CI −0.29 to 1.53 were similar for both procedures. Conclusion The results of this meta-analysis indicated that RT is associated with an increased risk of complications and a greater amount of drainage fluid. Therefore, RT does not appear to have any advantage over ET. Further studies are required to confirm these results.

  8. Thyroidectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nerve damage Damage to the four small glands located behind your thyroid (parathyroid glands), which can lead to hypoparathyroidism, resulting in abnormally low calcium levels and an increased amount of phosphorus in your blood How you prepare Food and ...

  9. Robot-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery versus Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Lung Lobectomy: Can a Robotic Approach Improve Short-Term Outcomes and Operative Safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahieu, Julien; Rinieri, Philippe; Bubenheim, Michael; Calenda, Emile; Melki, Jean; Peillon, Christophe; Baste, Jean-Marc

    2016-06-01

    Background Minimally invasive surgery has been recently recommended for treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Despite the recent increase of robotic surgery, the place and potential advantages of the robot in thoracic surgery has not been well defined until now. Methods We reviewed our prospective database for retrospective comparison of our first 28 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomies (V group) and our first 28 robotic lobectomies (R group). Results No significant difference was shown in median operative time between the two groups (185 vs. 190 minutes, p = 0.56). Median preincision time was significantly longer in the R group (80 vs. 60 minutes, P robotic approach seems to offer more operative safety with fewer conversions for uncontrolled bleeding. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. Anatomic pulmonary resection by video-assisted thoracoscopy: the Brazilian experience (VATS Brazil study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Mingarini Terra

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the results of anatomic pulmonary resections performed by video-assisted thoracoscopy in Brazil. Methods: Thoracic surgeons (members of the Brazilian Society of Thoracic Surgery were invited, via e-mail, to participate in the study. Eighteen surgeons participated in the project by providing us with retrospective databases containing information related to anatomic pulmonary resections performed by video-assisted thoracoscopy. Demographic, surgical, and postoperative data were collected with a standardized instrument, after which they were compiled and analyzed. Results: The surgeons provided data related to a collective total of 786 patients (mean number of resections per surgeon, 43.6. However, 137 patients were excluded because some data were missing. Therefore, the study sample comprised 649 patients. The mean age of the patients was 61.7 years. Of the 649 patients, 295 (45.5% were male. The majority-521 (89.8%-had undergone surgery for neoplasia, which was most often classified as stage IA. The median duration of pleural drainage was 3 days, and the median hospital stay was 4 days. Of the 649 procedures evaluated, 598 (91.2% were lobectomies. Conversion to thoracotomy was necessary in 30 cases (4.6%. Postoperative complications occurred in 124 patients (19.1%, the most common complications being pneumonia, prolonged air leaks, and atelectasis. The 30-day mortality rate was 2.0%, advanced age and diabetes being found to be predictors of mortality. Conclusions: Our analysis of this representative sample of patients undergoing pulmonary resection by video-assisted thoracoscopy in Brazil showed that the procedure is practicable and safe, as well as being comparable to those performed in other countries.

  11. Primary torsion of the vermiform appendix and undescended cecum treated by video-assisted transumbilical appendectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montes-Tapia, Fernando; Quiroga-Garza, Aquiles; Abrego-Moya, Valdemar

    2009-12-01

    Torsion of the vermiform appendix is a rare cause of appendicitis that is clinically indistinguishable from the classical presentation. In this paper, we present the first report in the literature of an appendicular torsion associated with an undescended cecum. A 3-year-old male patient with persistent pain in the right hypochondrium and peritoneal irritation underwent diagnostic laparoscopy, finding necrosis of the vermiform appendix caused by torsion of its base associated with an undescended cecum located in an indurated area of the subhepatic region. A video-assisted transumbilical appendectomy was performed.

  12. One lung ventilation strategies for infants and children undergoing video assisted thoracoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teddy Suratos Fabila

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS in children have led to its increased usage over the years. VATS, however, requires an efficient technique for one lung ventilation. Today, there is an increasing interest in developing the technique for lung isolation to meet the anatomic and physiologic variations in infants and children. This article aims to provide an updated and comprehensive review on one-lung ventilation strategies for infants and children undergoing VATS. Search of terms such as ′One lung ventilation for infants and children′, ′Video assisted thoracoscopic surgery for infants and children′, and ′Physiologic changes during one lung ventilation for infants and children′ were used. The search mechanics and engines for this review included the following: Kandang Kerbau Hospital (KKH eLibrary, PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. During the search the author focused on significant current and pilot randomized control trials, case reports, review articles, and editorials. Critical decision making on what device to use based on the age, weight, and pathology of the patient; and how to use it for lung isolation are discussed in this article. Furthermore, additional information regarding the advantages, limitations, techniques of insertion and maintenance of each device for one lung ventilation in infants and children were the highlights in this article.

  13. Regional analgesia for video-assisted thoracic surgery – a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julia Steinthorsdottir, Kristin; Wildgaard, Lorna; Jessen Hansen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is emerging as the standard surgical procedure for both minor and major oncologic lung surgery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and paravertebral block (PVB) are established analgesic golden standards for open surgery such as thoracotomy; however there is ......Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is emerging as the standard surgical procedure for both minor and major oncologic lung surgery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and paravertebral block (PVB) are established analgesic golden standards for open surgery such as thoracotomy; however...... there is no gold standard for regional analgesia for VATS. This systematic review aimed to assess different regional techniques in regards to effect on acute post-operative pain following VATS, with emphasis on VATS lobectomy. The systematic review of the PubMed, Cochrane Library and Embase databases yielded...... unique 1542 abstracts, 17 articles were included for qualitative assessment, of which 3 were studies on VATS lobectomy. The analgesic techniques included TEA, multilevel- and single PVB, paravertebral catheter, intercostal catheter, interpleural infusion and long thoracic nerve block. Overall the studies...

  14. Ergon-trial: ergonomic evaluation of single-port access versus three-port access video-assisted thoracic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertolaccini, Luca; Viti, Andrea; Terzi, Alberto

    2015-10-01

    Single-port access video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), a technique progressively developed from the standard three-port approach in minimally invasive surgery, offers ergonomic advantages but also new challenges for the surgeon. We compared the ergonomics of three-port versus single-port VATS. Posture analysis of surgeons was evaluated during 100 consecutive VATS wedge resections (50 triportal vs. 50 uniportal). Technically demanding procedures (major lung resection) were excluded. Operating table height, monitor height, distance and inclination were adjusted according to operator preference. Body posture was assessed by measuring head-trunk axial rotation and head flexion. Perceived physical strain was self-evaluated on the Borg Category Ratio (CR-10) scale. Mental workload was assessed with the National Aeronautics Space Administration-Task Load indeX (NASA-TLX), a multidimensional tool that rates workloads on six scales (mental, physical and temporal demand; effort; performance; frustration). All procedures were completed without complications. Head-trunk axial rotation was significantly reduced and neck flexion significantly improved in uniportal VATS. Viewing direction significantly declined (p = 0.01), body posture as measured on the Borg CR-10 scale was perceived as more stressful and the NASA-TLX score for overall workload was higher (p = 0.04) during triportal VATS. The NASA-TLX score for frustration was higher with uniportal VATS (p = 0.02), but the score for physical demand was higher in triportal VATS (p = 0.006). The surgeon can maintain a more neutral body posture during uniportal VATS by standing straight and facing the monitor with only minimal neck extension/rotation; however, frustration is greater than with triportal VATS.

  15. Surgical Treatment of Small Pulmonary Nodules Under Video-assisted Thoracoscopy 
(A Report of 129 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong WANG

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The development of image technology has led to increasing detection of pulmonary small nodules year by year, but the determination of their nature before operation is difficult. This clinical study aimed to investigate the necessity and feasibility of surgical resection of pulmonary small nodules through a minimally invasive approach and the operational manner of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Methods The clinical data of 129 cases with pulmonary small nodule of 10 mm or less in diameter were retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from December 2013 to November 2016. Thin-section computed tomography (CT was performed on all cases with 129 pulmonary small nodules. CT-guided hook-wire precise localization was performed on 21 cases. Lobectomy, wedge resection, and segmentectomy with lymph node dissection might be performed in patients according to physical condition. Results Results of the pathological examination of 37 solid pulmonary nodules (SPNs revealed 3 primary squamous cell lung cancers, 3 invasive adenocarcinomas (IAs, 2 metastatic cancers, 2 small cell lung cancers (SCLCs, 16 hamartomas, and 12 nonspecific chronic inflammations. The results of pathological examination of 49 mixed ground glass opacities revealed 19 IAs, 6 micro invasive adenocarcinomas (MIAs, 4 adenocarcinomas in situ (AIS, 1 atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH, 1 SCLC, and 18 nonspecific chronic inflammations. The results of pathological examination of 43 pure ground glass opacities revealed 19 AIS, 6 MIAs, 6 IA, 6 AAHs, and 6 nonspecific chronic inflammations. Wedge resection under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS was performed in patients with 52 benign pulmonary small nodules. Lobectomy and systematic lymph node dissection under VATS were performed in 33 patients with NSCLC. Segmentectomy with selective lymph node dissection, wedge resection, and selective lymph node dissection under VATS were performed in six patients with

  16. Continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is sufficient as the only neuromonitoring technique in thyroidectomy performed because of benign goitre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Adamczewski

    2015-09-01

    CIONM with RLN visualization in thyroidectomy performed because of benign goitre is as safe as other methods of IONM and gives a continuous confirmation of the electrical integrity of the loop NX-RLN-vocal folds during almost the entire procedure. There is a clinical need for the development of external stimulation of NX (transdermal or trancranial, particularly for minimally invasive techniques in which access to NX is limited (i.e. transoral thyroidectomy.

  17. Hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy: prevention, assessment and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dedivitis, Rogerio A; Aires, Felipe T; Cernea, Claudio R

    2017-04-01

    Permanent hypoparathyroidism is the most common long-term complication after total thyroidectomy and it can cause significant morbidity and increased costs. Its incidence varies from 30% to 60%. The surgical technique and the extent of thyroidectomy are related to parathyroid injury and hypoparathyroidism. The glands should be identified in situ, carefully manipulated and preserved, as well as their vascularization. In case of incidental removal, routine autotransplantation is advocated. Low calcium levels, identification of fewer than two parathyroid glands at surgery, reoperation for bleeding, Graves disease and heavier thyroid specimens were considered independent predictors of permanent hypocalcemia. Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) measurements allows the early detection of hypocalcemia. Treatment is recommended for patients with symptoms of hypocalcemia or corrected serum calcium Hypoparathyroidism is the most common long-term complication after total thyroidectomy. Adequate recognition and management decrease its morbidity and costs.

  18. Clinical observation of video-assisted removal of sarcoma of the nasopharynx after simultaneous laryngectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. Polyakov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Sarcomas in the head and neck are rare, and account for approximately 5-15% of all sarcomas in adults, is less than 1% of all neoplasms of the head and neck. Due to anatomical and physiological features of the structure of the nasopharynx, surgical treatment of tumors of this localization is associated with a number of technical difficulties, the high risk of non-radical removal of the tumor, it was therefore necessary for adequate surgical access. The article describes video-assisted access for removal of tumors of the nasopharynx with good visualization of the tumor process simultaneously after laryngectomy with the formation of pharyngotomy, providing the opportunity to monitor the postoperative area of the nasopharynx and early detection of continued tumor growth in patients with soft tissue sarcoma of the nasopharynx and combined lesions of the larynx.

  19. Video-assisted Thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for lung cancer does not induce a procoagulant state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Vad, Henrik; Pedersen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    Background: Changes in the coagulation system in patients undergoing surgery for lung cancer have been sparsely investigated and the impact of the surgical trauma on the coagulation system is largely unknown in these patients. An increased knowledge could potentially improve the thromboprophylaxis...... regimes. The aim of this study was to assess the coagulation profile evoked in patients undergoing curative surgery by Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) lobectomy for primary lung cancer. Methods: Thirty-one patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer undergoing VATS lobectomy were prospectively......: Patients undergoing VATS lobectomy are normocoagulable in the preoperative state and a VATS lobectomy does not significantly influence the coagulation. Trial registration: The trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT01741506) and at EudraCTno. 2012-002409-23. Registered December 2012....

  20. Using virtual reality simulation to assess competence in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2017-01-01

    for a virtual reality simulator test of a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy of a right upper lobe. METHODS: Participants with varying experience in VATS lobectomy were included. They were familiarized with a virtual reality simulator (LapSim(®)) and introduced to the steps of the procedure...... % false positives) and failed four of the experienced surgeons (29 % false negatives). CONCLUSION: This study is the first to establish validity evidence for a VATS right upper lobe lobectomy virtual reality simulator test. Several simulator metrics demonstrated significant differences between novices......BACKGROUND: The societies of thoracic surgery are working to incorporate simulation and competency-based assessment into specialty training. One challenge is the development of a simulation-based test, which can be used as an assessment tool. The study objective was to establish validity evidence...

  1. Major intraoperative complications during video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomical lung resections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Decaluwe, Herbert; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: A multicentre evaluation of the frequency and nature of major intraoperative complications during video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) anatomical resections. METHODS: Six European centres submitted their series of consecutive anatomical lung resections with the intention to treat by VATS...... for technical reasons. In-hospital mortality was 1.4% (n = 43). Conversion to open thoracotomy was observed in 5.5% (n = 170), of whom 21.8% (n = 37) were for oncological reasons, 29.4% (n = 50) for technical reasons and 48.8% (n = 83) for complications. Vascular injuries were reported in 2.9% (n = 88) patients...... major surgery (n = 9) or immediate life-threatening complications (n = 17). Twenty-three percent of the in-hospital mortalities (n = 10/43) were related to major intraoperative complications. Eight pneumonectomies (five intraoperative and three postoperative at 0.3%) were a consequence of a major...

  2. Localized extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma of the chest wall resected by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misao, Takahiko; Yoshikawa, Takeshi; Aoe, Motoi; Furukawa, Masashi; Nakamura, Satoko; Kawakami, Kimihiro

    2010-12-01

    Extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a small round cell tumor arising in soft tissue that was undifferentiated histologically from classic ES of bone. It frequently affects children and adolescents, with an unfavorable prognosis. Herein, we report a case of localized extraosseous ES of the chest wall resected by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). An asymptomatic 40-year-old man presented with an abnormal shadow on chest radiography. Chest computed tomography showed a 1.5-cm solid tumor on the chest wall. VATS was undertaken for the undiagnosed tumor. Thoracoscopic findings showed a hemispheric tumor with a smooth surface on the chest wall. The tumor was diagnosed with an extraosseous ES by pathological and cytogenetic examinations. As adjuvant therapy, the patient was treated with radiotherapy, followed by multiagent chemotherapy. There have been few reported cases in which VATS was used for extraosseous ES of chest wall, so our case was thought to be very rare.

  3. Intraoperative costs of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy can be dramatically reduced without compromising outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Michael T; Backhus, Leah M; Berry, Mark F; Vail, Daniel G; Ayers, Kelsey C; Benson, Jalen A; Bhandari, Prasha; Teymourtash, Mehran; Shrager, Joseph B

    2018-03-01

    To determine whether surgeon selection of instrumentation and other supplies during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATSL) can safely reduce intraoperative costs. In this retrospective, cost-focused review of all video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery anatomic lung resections performed by 2 surgeons at a single institution between 2010 and 2014, we compared VATSL hospital costs and perioperative outcomes between the surgeons, as well as costs of VATSL compared with thoracotomy lobectomy (THORL). A total of 100 VATSLs were performed by surgeon A, and 70 were performed by surgeon B. The preoperative risk factors did not differ significantly between the 2 groups of surgeries. Mean VATSL total hospital costs per case were 24% percent greater for surgeon A compared with surgeon B (P = .0026). Intraoperative supply costs accounted for most of this cost difference and were 85% greater for surgeon A compared with surgeon B (P costs, accounting for 55% of the difference in intraoperative supply costs between the surgeons. Operative time was 25% longer for surgeon A compared with surgeon B (P accounted for only 11% of the difference in total cost. Surgeon A's overall VATSL costs per case were similar to those of THORLs (n = 100) performed over the same time period, whereas surgeon B's VATSL costs per case were 24% less than those of THORLs. On adjusted analysis, there was no difference in VATSL perioperative outcomes between the 2 surgeons. The costs of VATSL differ substantially among surgeons and are heavily influenced by the use of disposable equipment/devices. Surgeons can substantially reduce the costs of VATSL to far lower than those of THORL without compromising surgical outcomes through prudent use of costly instruments and technologies. Copyright © 2017 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  4. Video-Assisted Laser Resection of Lung Metastases-Feasibility of a New Surgical Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Christian; Bartsch, Detlef; Mirow, Nikolas; Kirschbaum, Andreas

    2017-08-01

    Background  Our pilot study describes our initial experience to do a laser resection of lung metastases under video-assisted thoracoscopic control via a minithoracotomy. With this approach, if needed, mediastinal lymphadenectomy is also possible. Methods  In this study, 15 patients (11 men and 4 women, mean age: 60 years) with resectable lung metastases of different solid primary tumors (colorectal cancer in seven patients, melanoma in three patients, renal cell carcinoma in two patients, and one each with oropharyngeal cancer, breast cancer, and seminoma) were included. An anterior minithoracotomy incision (approximately 5-7 cm length) was created in the fifth intercostal space and a soft tissue retractor (Alexis Protector; Applied Medical) was positioned. Two additional working ports were inserted. The entire lung was palpated via the minithoracotomy. All detected lung metastases were removed under thoracoscopic control. Nonanatomic resections were performed using a diode-pumped neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser (LIMAX120; KLS Martin GmbH & Co KG) with a laser power of 80 W in a noncontact modus. Deeper parenchymal lesions were sutured. Results  A total of 29 lung metastases up to 30 mm in size were resected and all metastases diagnosed on preoperative imaging were detected. All diagnosed lung metastases were completely resected (R0). The median operation time was 102 (range: 85-120) minutes. Median blood loss was 47.6 mL and no postoperative complications occurred. Neither local recurrences nor new lung metastases were observed within 6 months after the procedures. Conclusion  Video-assisted laser resection of lung metastases is safe, effective, and fulfills the requirements of modern lung metastases surgery. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  5. Outcome of Limited Video-Assisted Lumbar Sympathetic Block for Plantar Hyperhidrosis Using Clipping Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Seok Won; Kim, Yun Seok; Lee, Yongjik; Lim, Han Jung; Park, Soon Ik; Jung, Jong Pil; Park, Chang Ryul

    2017-01-01

    There are many ways to treat focal hyperhidrosis, including surgeries for palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis. However, doctors and patients tend to be reluctant to perform surgery for plantar hyperhidrosis due to misconceptions and prejudices about surgical treatment. In addition, few studies have reported the outcome of surgeries for plantar hyperhidrosis. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the outcome (early and late postoperative satisfaction, complication, compensatory hyperhidrosis, recurrence rate, and efficiency) of surgical treatment for plantar hyperhidrosis. From August 2014 to October 2015, lumbar sympathetic block (LSB) was performed in 82 patients with plantar hyperhidrosis using clipping method. Limited video-assisted LSB was performed using 5 mm ligamax-clip or 3 mm horizontal-clip after identifying L3-4 sympathetic ganglion through finger-touch and endoscopic vision. Of the 82 patients, 45 were male and 37 were female. Their mean age was 26.38 years (range, 14-51 years). Mean follow-up time was 6.60 ± 3.56 months. Mean early postoperative satisfaction score was 9.6 on the 10th day postoperative evaluation. At more than 1 month later, the mean late postoperative satisfaction score was 9.2. There was no significant difference in early postoperative satisfaction score between clipping level L3 and L4/5. However, late postoperative satisfaction score was significantly better in the L3 group than that in the L4/5 group. Patient's age and body mass index did not affect the satisfaction score. However, male patients and patients who had history of hyperhidrosis operation showed higher satisfaction score than others. Limited video-assisted LSB using clip provided good results with minimal complications and low compensatory hidrosis, contrary to the prejudice toward it. Therefore, surgical treatment is recommended for plantar hyperhidrosis.

  6. [Clinical effectiveness of pleural abrasion in video-assisted thoracic surgery for bullae resection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, T; Gao, P Y; Lü, X X; Chen, M Y; Wei, L

    2017-10-10

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of pleural abrasion in treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for bullae resection. Methods: The clinical data of 158 patients with initial spontaneous pneumothorax who underwent video-assisted thoracic wedge resections with or without pleural abrasion in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned to two equal groups according to whether pleural abrasion was applied or not: experimental group (with pleural abrasion) and control group (without pleural abrasion); and there were 79 patients in each group.There were 62 males and 17 females aged 15-60 years (mean age 34 years) in pleural abrasion group. And there were 70 males and 9 females aged 18-60 years (mean age 38 years) in non-pleural abrasion group.After surgery, all patients were evaluated for postoperative pain, chest tube removal time, hospital stay and other complications.Independent samples t test was used to compare the data between groups. Results: Surgeries for 158 patients were performed successfully.No mortality occurred.There was no conversion to thoracotomy.Postoperative pain, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, chest tube removal time, pleural canals flowand average hospital stay in non-pleural abrasion group was significantly lower for 4.4, 19 minutes, 10 ml, 21 hours, 87 ml and 1.4 days respectively when compared with those in pleural abrasion group ( t =32.478, 7.140, 11.093, 7.288, 10.246, 8.070, all P tube removal time and hospital stay in non-pleural abrasion group are all lower than those in pleural abrasion group.And there is no significant difference in the recurrence of pneumothorax between the two groups after VATS bullae resection.

  7. Ultrasonographic findings of foreign body granulomas after endoscopic thyroidectomy via an axillo breast approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyo Rin; Hong, Hyun Sook; Lee, Eun Hye; Lee, Min Hee; Park, Jung Mi; Kwak, Jeong Ja; Lee, Seung Won [Soonchunhyang Univ. College of Medicine/Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-06-15

    To assess the ultrasonographic (US) findings of foreign body granulomas detected by endoscopic thyroidectomy. On positron emission tomography computed tomography of patients who had undergone endoscopic thyroidectomy, we encountered three fluorodeoxyglucose uptaken lesions in the surgical bed and those were pathologically confirmed to be foreign body granulomas. Additionally, 10 lesions demonstrating the same US findings were clinically diagnosed as foreign body granulomas. Echogenicity, shape, size, location, and vascularity were evaluated on US. Eleven lesions were subjected to follow up US. On US, seven lesions were found to be hyperechoic linear lesions with posterior acoustic shadowing while six other lesions were oval, iso to slightly hypoechoic lesions. No vascularity was observed on color Doppler US. The size of the lesions was inversely correlated with the time to lesion detection (Spearman's correlation r = -0.6528; p = 0.02). Oval iso to slightly hypoechoic lesions (mean, 672 days) had statistically longer times from the time of thyroidectomy to lesion detection on US than hyperechoic linear lesions (mean, 318 days; Mann Whitney test, p = 0.02). On follow up US, the lesions had decreased in size and hyperechoic linear lesions became oval iso to slightly hypoechoic lesions. In patients who underwent endoscopic thyroidectomy, characteristic US findings and evolutional changes are helpful for the diagnosis of foreign body granulomas and to distinguish from recurrent thyroid cancer, thus avoiding invasive procedures.

  8. Prospective Clinical Study to Evaluate Clinical Performance of a Powered Surgical Stapler in Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Lung Resections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Licht, Peter B; Ribaric, Goran; Crabtree, Traves

    2015-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) research often focuses on postoperative air leak, with special consideration for prolonged air leak. There is limited clinical data regarding how stapling devices might affect performance and postoperative outcomes, including air leak. This prospective resea...

  9. [Use of video-assisted thoracoscopy in diagnosis and therapy of single circular formations in the lung].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimenko, V N; Barchuk, A S; Lemekhov, V G

    2006-01-01

    An evaluation is presented of the data on use of video-assisted thoracoscopy in the diagnosis and therapy of 45 patients with single circular formations in the lung. Indications and contraindications for the management of benign and malignant single tumors of the lung are discussed alongside a review of the Russian and foreign literature.

  10. The effect of video-assisted oral feedback versus oral feedback on surgical communicative competences in undergraduate training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruesseler, M; Sterz, J; Bender, B; Hoefer, S; Walcher, F

    2017-08-01

    Feedback can significantly improve future performance. Reviewing one's performance by video is discussed as useful adjunct to debriefing, particularly for non-technical skills. Communicative competencies are an essential part of daily clinical practice; thus should be taught and assessed during undergraduate training. The aim of this study was to compare the educational value of video-assisted feedback versus oral feedback in communicative competencies in the surgical context. Fourth-year medical students completed a 210-min training unit of 'taking patient's history and obtaining informed consents prior to surgery' using role plays. Oral feedback was received directly thereafter using agenda-led, outcome-based guidelines (ALOBA). In the study group, the role plays were video-taped and reviewed thereafter. Afterwards, students completed two OSCE stations, where they were assessed regarding their communicative competencies and the content of the clinical scenario. One-hundred students (49 receiving video-assisted feedback, 51 oral) participated in the study. Those receiving video-assisted feedback performed significantly better in overall score in both OSCE stations (p communicative competencies at taking patient history (p = 0.029 or better), and in 2 of 5 items at obtaining informed consent (p = 0.008, <0.001). The educational effect size for both tasks was large. Using our methodology, video-assisted feedback offered a significant educational benefit over oral feedback alone during a simulated patient encounter in a surgical context.

  11. Making Sense of Video Analytics: Lessons Learned from Clickstream Interactions, Attitudes, and Learning Outcome in a Video-Assisted Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michail N. Giannakos

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Online video lectures have been considered an instructional media for various pedagogic approaches, such as the flipped classroom and open online courses. In comparison to other instructional media, online video affords the opportunity for recording student clickstream patterns within a video lecture. Video analytics within lecture videos may provide insights into student learning performance and inform the improvement of video-assisted teaching tactics. Nevertheless, video analytics are not accessible to learning stakeholders, such as researchers and educators, mainly because online video platforms do not broadly share the interactions of the users with their systems. For this purpose, we have designed an open-access video analytics system for use in a video-assisted course. In this paper, we present a longitudinal study, which provides valuable insights through the lens of the collected video analytics. In particular, we found that there is a relationship between video navigation (repeated views and the level of cognition/thinking required for a specific video segment. Our results indicated that learning performance progress was slightly improved and stabilized after the third week of the video-assisted course. We also found that attitudes regarding easiness, usability, usefulness, and acceptance of this type of course remained at the same levels throughout the course. Finally, we triangulate analytics from diverse sources, discuss them, and provide the lessons learned for further development and refinement of video-assisted courses and practices.

  12. No extensive experience in open procedures is needed to learn lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konge, Lars; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2012-01-01

    Lobectomies done by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) result in fewer complications and less pain and save total costs compared with the traditional approach. However, the majority of procedures are still performed via open thoracotomies, because VATS lobectomy is considered difficult to learn...

  13. Thyroidectomy under local anaesthesia: how safe? | Misauno ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This was a prospective descriptive study of 33 consecutive cases of thyroidectomy performed using field block with 1% lignocaine and adrenaline 1: 200,000 dilution during two free medical outreaches that held at Jos,Nigeria inMarch andOctober 2005 respectively, lasting twoweeks each. : A total of 33 primary thyroid ...

  14. Predicting thyroxine requirements following total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mistry, Dipan; Atkin, Stephen; Atkinson, Helen; Gunasekaran, Sinnappa; Sylvester, Deborah; Rigby, Alan S; England, R James

    2011-03-01

    Optimal thyroxine replacement following total thyroidectomy is critical to avoid symptoms of hypothyroidism. The aim of this study was to determine the best formula to determine the initiated replacement dose of levothyroxine immediately following total thyroidectomy. Prospective study. All patients were initiated on 100 μg levothyroxine and titrated to within the reference range for TSH and free T4. Correlations to height, weight, age, lean body mass (LBM), body surface area (BSA) and body mass index (BMI) were calculated. One hundred consecutive adult patients underwent total thyroidectomy for non-malignant disease. Comparison between three methods of levothyroxine dose prediction, aiming for a levothyroxine dose correct to within 25 μg of actual dose required. Correlations were seen between levothyroxine dose and patient age (r=-0.346, Pregression equation was calculated (predicted levothyroxine dose=[0·943 × bodyweight] + [-1.165 × age] + 125.8), simplified to (levothyroxine dose= bodyweight - age + 125) pragmatically. Initiating patients empirically on 100 μg post-operatively showed that 40% of patients achieved target within 25 μg of their required dose; this increased to 59% when using a weight-only dose calculation (1.6 μg/kg) and to 72% using the simplified regression equation. A simple calculated regression equation gives a more accurate prediction of initiated levothyroxine dose following total thyroidectomy, reducing the need for outpatient attendance for dose titration. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. Recovery from Permanent Hypoparathyroidism After Total Thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seok-Mo; Kim, Hyeung Kyoo; Kim, Kuk-Jin; Chang, Ho Jin; Kim, Bup-Woo; Lee, Yong Sang; Chang, Hang-Seok; Park, Cheong Soo

    2015-07-01

    Permanent hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy is a rare but potentially serious iatrogenic complication. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of recovery from postoperative, permanent hypoparathyroidism in patients undergoing thyroidectomy without parathyroid autotransplantation. This study was a prospective case series with a postoperative follow-up of up to 3 years. We enrolled patients with thyroid cancer who underwent total thyroidectomy with central compartment dissection, with or without lateral neck dissection, and who had postoperative permanent hypoparathyroidism, defined as serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) hypoparathyroidism was defined as return to normal serum levels of PTH (15-65 pg/mL) and calcium (8.5-10.1 mg/dL) without calcium and/or vitamin D supplementation. In the 1467 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, 22 presented with permanent postoperative hypoparathyroidism. In 5 of these 22 patients, the PTH levels increased steadily and returned to normal in 27.6±2.9 months, after which supplementation of calcium and vitamin D could be discontinued. Although recovery from permanent hypoparathyroidism is rare, patients should be monitored for serum PTH levels so that unnecessary treatments such as calcium and vitamin D supplementation can be avoided.

  16. Total thyroidectomy for multi - nodular goiter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ali, M.A.; Raziq, S.R.; Khan, W.A.; Majeed, S.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of total thyroidectomy for benign multi-nodular goiter. Study design: Descriptive study Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in the Department of General Surgery, Combined Military Hospital Kharian from January 2004 to December 2008. Materials and Methods: A total of 66 patients with bilateral benign multi-nodular goiter (61 females and 5 males) underwent total thyroidectomy. Sixty two cases were euthyroid while 4 had hyperthyroidism. Surgical dissection techniques involved identifying both recurrent laryngeal nerves through out their course, securing of parathyroid glands with their intact blood supply and ligation of inferior thyroid artery branches close to the thyroid capsule. All the patients were evaluated post operatively for signs of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury and hypoparathyroidism and other complications. All patients were put on thyroxin replacement therapy post-operatively and were followed for 9 to 12 months. There was no injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerves. One case of injury to external laryngeal nerve was found. Transient hypocalcaemia occurred in 4 patients without permanent hypoparathyroidism. All cases of transient hypocalcaemia recovered fully within 3 months. Four patients had occult malignancy diagnosed post-operatively on histo-pathology. In experienced hands, total thyroidectomy is an effective and relatively safe operation for benign multi-nodular goitre and its complication rate is same as that of a sub-total thyroidectomy. (author)

  17. Cervical plexus block for thyroidectomy | Kolawole | Southern ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Thyroidectomy is traditionally performed under general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation. However, cervical plexus block has also been found useful for this operation in some parts of the world. This particular anaesthetic option has never been reported in our environment. The aims of this study were to ...

  18. Management of hypocalcemia following total thyroidectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pahuja, D.N.; Patwardhan, U.N.; Samuel, A.M.

    1999-01-01

    A retrospective analysis of calcemic status of 500 randomly selected patients, who underwent total thyroidectomy (TTx) for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) was studied. These patients were followed up from a minimum of 2-3 years, to a maximum of 15-20 years, and calcemic status was ascertained at varying times following their surgery and radioiodine ( 131 ) therapy

  19. Minimally invasive approach to thyroid gland surgery--indications, methods, first results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimov, R; Kanchev, R; Apostolov, I; Boev, B; Ivanov, T; Hinov, A; Doikov, I; Cheshmedzhiev, N; Mitev, K; Spasov, Y; Dimova, R

    2013-01-01

    After the introduction of minimally invasive operative techniques in the surgery of organs located in body cavities, extensive work has been done in the last five years with respect to their application in thyroid gland surgery as well. In 2011, 406 patients underwent thyroid surgery at the Department of Surgery, Kaspela General Hospital for Active Treatment EOOD - Plovdiv. The study involved 48 of these patients, chosen at random and divided into two groups (A-minimally invasive thyroidectomy (MIT) - 26 patients, and B - minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) - 22 patients). All patients included in the study were selected on the basis of presence of one or more indeterminate nodules (fine needle aspiration biopsy - FNAB) sized up to 3.5 cm, with normal size of the thyroid gland up to 20-25 cm2, detected by preoperative ultrasonography. The study excluded patients with recurrent goitre, malignant disease of the thyroid gland and evidence of preoperative radiation therapy in the area of the head, neck and/or upper mediastinum. The preoperative investigation included history, physical examination, blood indices, echography, gamma camera and FNAB. Sensation of pain was evaluated by the patients according to a visual analogue scale, where lack of pain was evaluated as 0, and the most severe pain was evaluated as 10. The average duration of the hospitalization of patients undergoing MIT was 16 +/- 3.14 hours, whereas the patients undergoing MIVAT had to stay at the hospital for 18 +/- 3.56 hours. No complications were registered regarding the recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN), as well as the operative wound. It should be noted that in all patients the course of the respective RLN was identified during the operative intervention, visually in most cases, or by electrostimulation. Postoperative hypoparathyroidism, registered by measuring the level of serum calcium, was observed in one visual analogue scale, as well as in the administration of pain

  20. Anatomic pulmonary resection by video-assisted thoracoscopy: the Brazilian experience (VATS Brazil study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra, Ricardo Mingarini; Kazantzis, Thamara; Pinto-Filho, Darcy Ribeiro; Camargo, Spencer Marcantonio; Martins-Neto, Francisco; Guimarães, Anderson Nassar; Araújo, Carlos Alberto; Losso, Luis Carlos; Ghefter, Mario Claudio; Lima, Nuno Ferreira de; Gomes-Neto, Antero; Brito-Filho, Flávio; Haddad, Rui; Saueressig, Maurício Guidi; Lima, Alexandre Marcelo Rodrigues; Siqueira, Rafael Pontes de; Pinho, Astunaldo Júnior de Macedo E; Vannucci, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to describe the results of anatomic pulmonary resections performed by video-assisted thoracoscopy in Brazil. Thoracic surgeons (members of the Brazilian Society of Thoracic Surgery) were invited, via e-mail, to participate in the study. Eighteen surgeons participated in the project by providing us with retrospective databases containing information related to anatomic pulmonary resections performed by video-assisted thoracoscopy. Demographic, surgical, and postoperative data were collected with a standardized instrument, after which they were compiled and analyzed. The surgeons provided data related to a collective total of 786 patients (mean number of resections per surgeon, 43.6). However, 137 patients were excluded because some data were missing. Therefore, the study sample comprised 649 patients. The mean age of the patients was 61.7 years. Of the 649 patients, 295 (45.5%) were male. The majority-521 (89.8%)-had undergone surgery for neoplasia, which was most often classified as stage IA. The median duration of pleural drainage was 3 days, and the median hospital stay was 4 days. Of the 649 procedures evaluated, 598 (91.2%) were lobectomies. Conversion to thoracotomy was necessary in 30 cases (4.6%). Postoperative complications occurred in 124 patients (19.1%), the most common complications being pneumonia, prolonged air leaks, and atelectasis. The 30-day mortality rate was 2.0%, advanced age and diabetes being found to be predictors of mortality. Our analysis of this representative sample of patients undergoing pulmonary resection by video-assisted thoracoscopy in Brazil showed that the procedure is practicable and safe, as well as being comparable to those performed in other countries. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever os resultados de ressecções pulmonares anatômicas por videotoracoscopia no Brasil. Cirurgiões torácicos (membros da Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Torácica) foram convidados, por correio eletr

  1. Video-assisted feedback in general practice internships using German general practitioner's guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bölter, Regine; Freund, Tobias; Ledig, Thomas; Boll, Bernhard; Szecsenyi, Joachim; Roos, Marco

    2012-01-01

    The planned modification of the Medical Licenses Act in Germany will strengthen the specialty of general practice. Therefore, medical students should get to know the daily routine of general practitioners during their academic studies. At least 10% of students should get the possibility to spend one quarter of the internship, in the last year of their academic studies, in a practice of family medicine. The demonstrated teaching method aims at giving feedback to the student based on video recordings of patient consultations (student-patient) with the help of a checklist. Video-feedback is already successful used in medical teaching in Germany and abroad. This feasibility study aims at assessing the practicability of video-assisted feedback as a teaching method during internship in general practice. First of all, the general practice chooses a guideline as the learning objective. Secondly, a subsequent patient - student - consultation is recorded on video. Afterwards, a video-assisted formative feedback is given by the physician. A checklist with learning objectives (communication, medical examination, a structured case report according to the guideline) is used to structure the feedback content. The feasibility was assessed by a semi structured interview in order to gain insight into barriers and challenges for future implementation. The teaching method was performed in one general practice. Afterwards the teaching physician and the trainee intern were interviewed. The Following four main categories were identified: feasibility, performance, implementation in daily routine, challenges of the teaching concept.The results of the feasibility study show general practicability of this approach. Installing a video camera in one examination room may solve technical problems. The trainee intern mentioned theoretical and practical benefits using the guideline. The teaching physician noted the challenge to reflect on his daily routines in the light of evidence

  2. Liposomal bupivacaine versus bupivacaine/epinephrine after video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection†.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parascandola, Salvatore A; Ibañez, Jessica; Keir, Graham; Anderson, Jacqueline; Plankey, Michael; Flynn, Deanna; Cody, Candice; De Marchi, Lorenzo; Margolis, Marc; Blair Marshall, M

    2017-06-01

    The purpose of this research is to compare liposomal bupivacaine and bupivacaine/epinephrine for intercostal blocks related to analgesic use and length of stay following video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection. A retrospective study of patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection from 2010 to 2015 was performed. We selected patients who stayed longer than 24 h in hospital. Primary outcomes were length of stay and postoperative analgesic use at 12-h intervals from 24 to 72 h. Intercostal blocks were performed with liposomal bupivacaine in 62 patients and bupivacaine/epinephrine in 51 patients. A Wilcoxon signed-rank test evaluated differences in median postoperative analgesic use and length of stay. Those who received liposomal bupivacaine consumed fewer analgesics than those who received bupivacaine/epinephrine, with a statistically significant difference from 24 to 36 h (20.25 vs 45.0 mg; P  = 0.0059) and from 60 to 72 h postoperatively (15.0 vs 33.75 mg; P  = 0.0350). In patients who stayed longer than 72 h, the median cumulative analgesic consumption in those who received liposomal bupivacaine was statistically significantly lower than those who received bupivacaine/epinephrine (120.0 vs 296.5 mg; P  = 0.0414). Median length of stay for the liposomal bupivacaine and bupivacaine/epinephrine groups were 45:05 h and 44:29 h, respectively. There were no adverse events related to blocks performed with liposomal bupivacaine. Thoracic surgery patients who have blocks performed with liposomal bupivacaine require fewer analgesics postoperatively. This may decrease complications related to poor pain control and decrease side effects related to narcotic use in our patient population. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  3. Pre- and Postoperative Vomiting in Children Undergoing Video-Assisted Gastrostomy Tube Placement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torbjörn Backman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of pre- and postoperative vomiting in children undergoing a Video-Assisted Gastrostomy (VAG operation. Patients and Methods. 180 children underwent a VAG operation and were subdivided into groups based on their underlying diagnosis. An anamnesis with respect to vomiting was taken from each of the children’s parents before the operation. After the VAG operation, all patients were followed prospectively at one and six months after surgery. All complications including vomiting were documented according to a standardized protocol. Results. Vomiting occurred preoperatively in 51 children (28%. One month after surgery the incidence was 43 (24% in the same group of children and six months after it was found in 40 (22%. There was a difference in vomiting frequency both pre- and postoperatively between the children in the groups with different diagnoses included in the study. No difference was noted in pre- and postoperative vomiting frequency within each specific diagnosis group. Conclusion. The preoperative vomiting symptoms persisted after the VAG operation. Neurologically impaired children had a higher incidence of vomiting than patients with other diagnoses, a well-known fact, probably due to their underlying diagnosis and not the VAG operation. This information is useful in preoperative counselling.

  4. Surgical outcome of video-assisted thoracic surgery for acute thoracic empyema using pulsed lavage irrigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Hiroshige; Taniguchi, Yuji; Miwa, Ken; Adachi, Yoshin; Fujioka, Shinji; Haruki, Tomohiro

    2010-03-01

    The essential points of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for acute thoracic empyema are the decortication of thickened pleura, resection of necrotic tissues and fibrin blocks, and drainage. Pulsed lavage irrigation, which is commonly used in orthopedic surgery as a method of sufficiently performing the technique, was used under a thoracoscope to study the efficacy of the treatment for acute thoracic empyema. The subjects comprised 31 patients who had undergone VATS for acute thoracic empyema. There were 26 men and 5 women with an average age of 60.5 years. For the surgical technique, the thickened pus-producing pleura were decorticated under a thoracoscope. The pulsed lavage irrigation system was used after the intrathoracic space had become a single cavity. Using the tip for an intraspinal space, lavage and suctioning were repeated with 5-10 l of a pressurized warm saline solution. Fibrin blocks and necrotic tissues were easily removed by spray washing with pressurized fluid. The operating time was 150.8 min; the amount of bleeding, including suctioned pleural effusion, was 478.5 g; and the postoperative duration of drainage was 10.7 days. During the postoperative course, the addition of open window thoracotomy due to the relapse of empyema due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was observed in only one patient (3.2%). All of the other patients improved despite their concomitant diseases. The use of pulsed lavage irrigation under a thoracoscope for acute thoracic empyema provides simple, efficient débridement or drainage.

  5. Single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery left-lower lobe anterior segmentectomy (S8).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvez, Carlos; Lirio, Francisco; Sesma, Julio; Baschwitz, Benno; Bolufer, Sergio

    2017-01-01

    Unusual anatomical segmentectomies are technically demanding procedures that require a deep knowledge of intralobar anatomy and surgical skill. In the other hand, these procedures preserve more normal lung parenchyma for lesions located in specific anatomical segments, and are indicated for benign lesions, metastasis and also early stage adenocarcinomas without nodal involvement. A 32-year-old woman was diagnosed of a benign pneumocytoma in the anterior segment of the left-lower lobe (S8, LLL), so we performed a single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (SI-VATS) anatomical S8 segmentectomy in 140 minutes under intercostal block. There were no intraoperative neither postoperative complications, the chest tube was removed at 24 hours and the patient discharged at 5 th postoperative day with low pain on the visual analogue scale (VAS). Final pathologic exam reported a benign sclerosant pneumocytoma with free margins. The patient has recovered her normal activities at 3 months completely with radiological normal controls at 1 and 3 months.

  6. Early pleural fluid dynamics following video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy has limited clinical value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holbek, Bo Laksáfoss; Petersen, René Horsleben; Kehlet, Henrik; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2017-07-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of predicting the pleural fluid output in patients after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy of the lung. Detailed measurements of continuous fluid output were obtained prospectively using an electronic thoracic drainage device (Thopaz+™, Medela AG, Switzerland). Patients were divided into high (≥500 mL) and low (fluid output, and detailed flow curves were plotted graphically to identify arithmetic patterns predicting fluid output in the early (≤24 hours) and later (24-48 hours) post-operative phase. Furthermore, multiple logistic regression analysis was used to predict high 24-hour fluid output using baseline data. Data were obtained from 50 patients, where 52% had a fluid output of fluid output 6 hours postoperatively. An output ≥200 mL/6 hours was predictive of 'high 24-hour fluid output' (Pfluid output'. Baseline data showed no predictive value of fluid production, and 24-hour fluid output had no predictive value of fluid output between 24 and 48 hours. Assessment of initial fluid production may predict high 24-hour fluid output (≥500 mL) but seems to lack clinical value in drain removal criteria.

  7. Pulmonary Histoplasmosis Identified by Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) Biopsy: a Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ye Jin; Kang, Hye Rin; Song, Jin Hwa; Sin, Sooim; Lee, Sang Min

    2018-01-08

    Histoplasmosis is a common endemic mycosis in North, Central, and South America, but Korea is not known as an endemic area. We treated an immunocompetent Korean patient who had histoplasmosis. A 65-year-old Korean man presented with multiple pulmonary clumps of tiny nodules in the both lungs. He had been diagnosed 40 years earlier with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and a fungus ball had been diagnosed 4 years earlier. He denied any history of overseas travel. The patient visited our hospital with dyspnea, blood-tinged sputum, and weight loss, which had appeared 2 months earlier. The patient underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lung biopsy. The biopsy sample showed necrotizing granuloma and the presence of multiple small yeast-like fungi. Tissue culture confirmed Histoplasma capsulatum, and he was finally diagnosed with pulmonary histoplasmosis. Therapy was initiated with 200 mg itraconazole orally once per day. The symptoms disappeared 1 week after the start of treatment. After 4 months, low-dose chest computed tomography showed improvement in the ground glass opacity and size of the lung lesions. In conclusion, we report a case of an immunocompetent patient who developed histoplasmosis in Korea. When a patient shows unexplainable progressive infiltrative lung lesions, histoplasmosis should be considered as one of differential diagnoses although Korea is not an endemic area. © 2018 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

  8. First non-intubated uniportal video-assisted pulmonary lobectomy in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buitrago, Ricardo; Serna, Adriana; González-Rivas, Diego; Beltrán, Rafael; Palacio, Carlos Mario; Parades, Pablo; Beltrán, Julian

    2016-01-01

    The first video-assisted thoracic lobectomy in non-intubated patient in America was performed on 27 th of September 2014 in Bogotá Colombia, The National Cancer Institute in Bogotá received Dr. Diego González-Rivas to make possible this kind of procedure in a 53-year-old man, with a history of papillary thyroid cancer treated with surgery and Iodine therapy, in whom two pulmonary nodules were found in the monitoring tomography. We resected the nodule located at the right upper lobe previously marked by scintigraphy, the other one required a lobectomy because it was a deep nodule with malignant radiologic appearance inside of the middle lobe. The procedure discoursed in a non-intubated patient without technical difficulties or complications, very short recovery time, minimum pain and a quiet and usual postoperative evolution. This procedure, the first reported in America was replicated after others with similar results in several countries thanks to the collaboration between surgeons, anesthesiologists, radiologists, nurses and therapists, because especially in such interventions teamwork is essential. We believe that given the benefits in terms of recovery for the patient and anesthetic time, we could go on replicating the experience in selected patients.

  9. [One-port video-assisted thoracic surgery for pneumothorax using mini loop retractor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichinose, J; Nakahara, K; Kina, S; Miyanaga, S

    2010-05-01

    We successfully performed 1-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for primary spontaneous pneumothorax using Mini Loop Retractor II in 137 (39%) of 351 patients from March 2005 to May 2009 at Tokyo Teishin Hospital. This retractor is accessible to the thoracic cavity by simple skin puncture. It can hold and retract the lung freely like forceps. We made a 2 cm incision and inserted a 5 mm thoracoscope. We held the affected lung by the retractor and performed wedge resection by endoscopic staplers through skin incision. The operation time was 34.8 +/- 10.9 minutes and the blood loss was trace level in all cases. The duration of chest drainage was 1.2 +/- 0.8 days and the postoperative hospital stay was 2.8 +/- 1.2 days. There was no major complications. The recurrence of pneumothorax was noted in 17 (12.4%) cases. One-port VATS for pneumothorax using Mini Loop Retractor II can be applied easily and safely to selected patients.

  10. Thinking on the Training of Uniportal Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuming ZHU

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Recently, uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS has developed rapidly and has become the main theme of global surgical development. The specific, standardized and systematic training of this technology has become an important topic. Specific training in the uniportal VATS approach is crucial to ensure safety and radical treatment. Such training approach, including a direct interaction with experienced surgeons in high-volume centers, is crucial and represents an indispensable step. Another form of training that usually occurs after preceptorship is proctorship: an experienced mentor can be invited to a trainee’s own center to provide specific on-site tutelage. Videos published online are commonly used as training material. Technology has allowed the use of different models of simulators for training. The most common model is the use of animal wet laboratory training. Other models, however, have been used mostrecently, such as the use of 3D and VR Technology, virtual reality simulators, and completely artificial models of the human thorax with synthetic lung, vessel, airway, and nodal tissues. A short-duration, high-volume, clinical immersion training, and a long term systematic training in high-volume centers are getting more and more attention. According to the evaluation of students' grading, a diversified training mode is adopted and the targeted training in accordance with different students helps to improve the training effect. We have done some work in systematic and standardized training of uniportal VATS in single center. We believe such training is feasible and absolutely necessary.

  11. [Comparative analysis of video-assisted thoracic surgery versus open resection for early-stage thymoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triviño, Ana; Congregado, Miguel; Loscertales, Jesús; Cozar, Fernando; Pinos, Nathalie; Carmona, Patricia; Jiménez-Merchán, Rafael; Girón-Arjona, Juan Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has significantly developed over the last decade. However, a VATS approach for thymoma remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of VATS thymectomy for the treatment of early-stage thymoma and to compare the outcomes with open resection. A comparative study of 59 patients who underwent surgical resection for early stage thymoma (VATS: 44 and open resection: 15) between 1993 and 2011 was performed. Data of patient characteristics, morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay, the relationship between miasthenia gravis-thymoma, recurrence, and survival were collected for statistical analysis. Thymomas were classified according to Masaoka staging system: 38 in stage I (VATS group: 29 and open group: 9) and 21 in stage II (VATS group: 15 and open group: 6). The mean tumor size in the open group was 7.6cm (13-4cm) and in the VATS group 6.9cm (12-2.5cm). The average length of stay was shorter in the VATS group than in the open group (Pthymoma is technically feasible and is associated with a shorter hospital stay. The 5-year oncologic outcomes were similar in the open and VATS groups. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. Thyroidectomy for Graves' disease: is hypothyroidism inevitable?

    OpenAIRE

    Davenport, M.; Talbot, C. H.

    1989-01-01

    The outcome of 234 patients with Graves' disease treated by subtotal thyroidectomy over a 12-year period is analysed with specific reference to hypothyroidism. Of definite hypothyroid cases, 98% occurred within 2 years. Failure to develop hypothyroidism was statistically related to large remnant size and a large goitre preoperatively. Histological review showed that any degree of lymphocytic infiltration was associated with the development of hypothyroidism (50% vs 22%). Late onset hypothyroi...

  13. Hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy: incidence and resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Kathryn; Elfenbein, Dawn; Schneider, David F; Chen, Herbert; Sippel, Rebecca S

    2015-08-01

    Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels are often measured after thyroid surgery and are used to detect patients at risk for postoperative hypoparathyroidism. However, there is a lack of consensus in the literature about how to define the recovery of parathyroid gland function and when to classify hypoparathyroidism as permanent. The goals of this study were to determine the incidence of low postoperative PTH in total thyroidectomy patients and to monitor their time course to recovery of parathyroid gland function. We identified 1054 consecutive patients who underwent a total or completion thyroidectomy from January, 2006-December, 2013. Low PTH was defined as a PTH measurement hypoparathyroid if they had not recovered within 1 y. Recovery of parathyroid gland function was defined as PTH ≥10 pg/mL and no need for therapeutic calcium or activated vitamin D (calcitriol) supplementation to prevent hypocalcemic symptoms. Of 1054 total thyroidectomy patients, 189 (18%) had a postoperative PTH hypoparathyroidism. Surprisingly, 50% of those patients had recovery of PTH levels yet still required supplementation to avoid symptoms. Most patients with a low postoperative PTH recover function quickly, but it can take up to 1 y for full resolution. Hypoparathyroidism needs to be defined not only by PTH levels but also by medication requirements. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. VOICE QUALITY BEFORE AND AFTER THYROIDECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora CVELBAR

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Voice disorders are a well-known complication which is often associated with thyroid gland diseases and because voice is still the basic mean of communication it is very important to maintain its quality healthy. Objectives: The aim of this study referred to questions whether there is a statistically significant difference between results of voice self-assessment, perceptual voice assessment and acoustic voice analysis before and after thyroidectomy and whether there are statistically significant correlations between variables of voice self-assessment, perceptual assessment and acoustic analysis before and after thyroidectomy. Methods: This scientific research included 12 participants aged between 41 and 76. Voice self-assessment was conducted with the help of Croatian version of Voice Handicap Index (VHI. Recorded reading samples were used for perceptual assessment and later evaluated by two clinical speech and language therapists. Recorded samples of phonation were used for acoustic analysis which was conducted with the help of acoustic program Praat. All of the data was processed through descriptive statistics and nonparametric statistical methods. Results: Results showed that there are statistically significant differences between results of voice self-assessments and results of acoustic analysis before and after thyroidectomy. Statistically significant correlations were found between variables of perceptual assessment and acoustic analysis. Conclusion: Obtained results indicate the importance of multidimensional, preoperative and postoperative assessment. This kind of assessment allows the clinician to describe all of the voice features and provides appropriate recommendation for further rehabilitation to the patient in order to optimize voice outcomes.

  15. Evaluation of electrosurgery and titanium clips for ovarian pedicle haemostasis in video-assisted ovariohysterectomy with two portals in bitches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Luizari Guedes

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the use of bipolar electrosurgery and laparoscopic clipping, and their effects on blood loss and the inflammatory response, during a two portal video-assisted ovariohysterectomy technique (two groups with 10 animals each. Surgical time and blood loss volume were significantly lower in the electrosurgery group. There were no significant changes in haematocrit between groups; however, haematocrit did differ between evaluated times, and decreased 10% from the initial measurement to four hours after the procedure. The inflammatory response was significantly higher throughout the post-surgical period, but without any different clinical signs between the two groups. Both techniques had good application for the two portal video-assisted procedure; however, the bipolar electrosurgery allowed for shorter surgical times, reduced blood loss and a minimal learning curve for the surgeon.

  16. Pediatric Trainees Managing a Difficult Airway: Comparison of Laryngeal Mask Airway, Direct, and Video-Assisted Laryngoscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Art Ambrosio MD

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective Difficult airway management is a key skill required by all pediatric physicians, yet training on multiple modalities is lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the rate of, and time to, successful advanced infant airway placement with direct laryngoscopy, video-assisted laryngoscopy, and laryngeal mask airway (LMA in a difficult airway simulator. This study is the first to compare the success with 3 methods for difficult airway management among pediatric trainees. Study Design Randomized crossover pilot study. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Methods Twenty-two pediatric residents, interns, and medical students were tested. Participants were provided 1 training session by faculty using a normal infant manikin. Subjects then performed all 3 of the aforementioned advanced airway modalities in a randomized order on a difficult airway model of a Robin sequence. Success was defined as confirmed endotracheal intubation or correct LMA placement by the testing instructor in ≤120 seconds. Results Direct laryngoscopy demonstrated a significantly higher placement success rate (77.3% than video-assisted laryngoscopy (36.4%, P = .0117 and LMA (31.8%, P = .0039. Video-assisted laryngoscopy required a significantly longer amount of time during successful intubations (84.8 seconds; 95% CI, 59.4-110.1 versus direct laryngoscopy (44.9 seconds; 95% CI, 33.8-55.9 and LMA placement (36.6 seconds; 95% CI, 24.7-48.4. Conclusions Pediatric trainees demonstrated significantly higher success using direct laryngoscopy in a difficult airway simulator model. However, given the potential lifesaving implications of advanced airway adjuncts, including video-assisted laryngoscopy and LMA placement, more extensive training on adjunctive airway management techniques may be useful for trainees.

  17. Cost and effectiveness of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer: a population-based analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Hsin-Yuan; Hsiao, Fei-Yuan; Huang, Hsu-Chih; Lin, Yu-Sen; Chen, Chih-Yi; Shieh, Shwn-Huey; Chen, Pin-Ru; Chen, Chein-Kuang; Chien, Chun-Ru

    2014-12-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive alternative to conventional surgery (CS). We aimed to estimate the short-term cost-effectiveness of VATS vs. CS for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC-c-stage-I) patients from the payer's perspective (National Health Insurance). We identified NSCLC-c-stage-I patients diagnosed and received surgery within 2007-2009 through a comprehensive population-based database containing cancer and death registries, and reimbursement data. The duration of interest was 1 year. We included potential confounding covariables through literature searching and our own experience, and used a propensity score to construct a 1:1 population for adjustment. Our study population constituted 966 patients. The mean hospital stay [days, standard deviation (SD)] were 14.4 [7] and 16.1 (7.7) for VATS and CS respectively (P=0.002). The mean cost (2013 USD) and survival (year) was $22,316 vs. $21,976 and 0.98 vs. 0.974 for VATS vs. CS. The probability for VATS to be cost-effective (i.e., positive net benefit) was 0.49 & 0.56 at willingness-to-pay (WTP) 50,000 & 100,000 USD/life-year, respectively. We provide the first empirical evidence that when compared to CS, VATS was potentially cost-effective in the short term (1 year) within the common WTP levels in Taiwan.

  18. Video-assisted microwave ablation for the treatment of a metastatic lung lesion in a dog with appendicular osteosarcoma and hypertrophic osteopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzaccari, Kaitlyn; Boston, Sarah E; Toskich, Beau B; Bowles, Kristina; Case, J Brad

    2017-11-01

    To describe video-assisted microwave ablation (VAMA) for the treatment of a metastatic lung lesion secondary to right forelimb osteosarcoma in a dog. Case report. A 10-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog with a metastatic lung lesion secondary to appendicular osteosarcoma. An osteosarcoma of the right distal scapula and proximal humerus that was suspected to be a radiation-induced osteosarcoma was treated with limb amputation and carboplatin chemotherapy. The patient developed pulmonary metastatic lesions and hypertrophic osteopathy (HO). VAMA of a metastatic lesion in the right caudal lung lobe was performed 227 days after amputation. The procedure was performed without complication. Follow-up information with the referring veterinarian 40 days after VAMA indicated that the patient was stable and that the clinical signs of HO had resolved. Thoracic radiographs taken by the referring veterinarian (RDVM) at monthly intervals showed that the previously treated metastatic lesion was stable. At 134 days from VAMA, the patient presented to the RDVM for lethargy and dyspnea and was transferred to an emergency clinic. The patient arrested and died 136 days from the VAMA procedure while hospitalized. A postmortem was not performed. VAMA for pulmonary metastatic lesions is technically feasible and allows for the treatment of symptoms associated with HO and minimally invasive management of pulmonary metastases in the case reported. © 2017 The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  19. Ninety-Day Mortality After Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Lobectomy: Incidence and Risk Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunelli, Alessandro; Dinesh, Padma; Woodcock-Shaw, Joshua; Littlechild, Duncan; Pompili, Cecilia

    2017-09-01

    We evaluated the incidence and risk factors of 90-day mortality rate after video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy. Retrospective analysis on 733 VATS lobectomies or segmentectomies (January 2012 to February 2016), including 66 operations converted to open operation. Several patient-related and surgical variables were tested to verify their association with 90-day mortality using univariable and logistic regression analyses. A score was assigned to each variable in the final model by proportionally weighting the regression odds ratios (ORs) and assigning 1 point to the smallest one. A total score was generated for each patient by adding the individual points. The patients were finally grouped into classes of risk. In-hospital/30-day mortality rate was 1.9% (14 patients). Additionally, 4 patients died after discharge between 30 and 90 days. Total 90-day mortality rate was 2.5% (18 patients). Regression analysis showed that factors significantly associated with 90-day mortality were male sex (OR 12, p = 0.001), carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity (Dlco) less than 60% (OR 4.8, p =0.001), and operative time longer than 150 minutes (OR 4.2, p = 0.03). A score was developed assigning 1 point to the variables Dlco and operative time and 3 points to the variable male sex. The total score ranged from 0 (155 patients) to 5 points (32 patients). Patients were grouped into five risk classes showing an incremental 90-day mortality rate (class A, 0; class B, 0.38%; class C, 0.93%; class D, 5.65%; class E, 18.75%, p < 0.0001). Our results represent important information to be shared with the patients during surgical counseling. It can also assist multidisciplinary tumor board discussion about treatment selection. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Using virtual reality simulation to assess competence in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Konge, Lars

    2017-06-01

    The societies of thoracic surgery are working to incorporate simulation and competency-based assessment into specialty training. One challenge is the development of a simulation-based test, which can be used as an assessment tool. The study objective was to establish validity evidence for a virtual reality simulator test of a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy of a right upper lobe. Participants with varying experience in VATS lobectomy were included. They were familiarized with a virtual reality simulator (LapSim ® ) and introduced to the steps of the procedure for a VATS right upper lobe lobectomy. The participants performed two VATS lobectomies on the simulator with a 5-min break between attempts. Nineteen pre-defined simulator metrics were recorded. Fifty-three participants from nine different countries were included. High internal consistency was found for the metrics with Cronbach's alpha coefficient for standardized items of 0.91. Significant test-retest reliability was found for 15 of the metrics (p-values 50 VATS lobectomies performed). A pass/fail level defined as approximately one standard deviation from the mean metric scores for experienced surgeons passed none of the novices (0 % false positives) and failed four of the experienced surgeons (29 % false negatives). This study is the first to establish validity evidence for a VATS right upper lobe lobectomy virtual reality simulator test. Several simulator metrics demonstrated significant differences between novices and experienced surgeons and pass/fail criteria for the test were set with acceptable consequences. This test can be used as a first step in assessing thoracic surgery trainees' VATS lobectomy competency.

  1. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery in Patients With Clinically Resectable Lung Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Sakai

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the feasibility of thoracoscopic resection, a pilot study was performed in patients with clinically resectable lung tumors. In 40 patients, Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS was performed because of suspicion of malignancy. There were 29 men and 11 women with a median age of 54.8 years (range 18 to 78. Preoperative indications were suspected lung cancer and tumor in 27 patients, assessment of tumor resectability in 7 patients, and probability of metastatic tumors in 6 patients. The final diagnoses in the 27 patients with suspected lung cancer were 12 primary lung cancers, 6 lung metastases, and 9 benign lesions. The success rates for VATS (no conversion to thoracotomy were 1 of 12 (8.3% for resectable stage I lung cancer, 8 of 12 (66.7% for metastatic tumors, and 9 of 9 (100% for benign tumors. With VATS, 6 of 7 patients (85.7%, possible stage III non-small cell lung cancer, an explorative thoracotomy with was avoided, significantly reducing morbidity. The reasons for conversion to thoracotomy were 1 oncological (N2 lymph node dissection and prevention of tumor spillage and 2 technical (inability to locate the nodule, central localization, no anatomical fissure, or poor lung function requiring full lung ventilation. The ultimate diagnoses were 19 lung cancers, 12 metastatic lung tumors, and 9 benign lung tumors. Our data show the limitations of VATS for malignant tumors in general use. These findings, together with the fact that experience in performing thoracoscopic procedures demonstrates a learning curve, may limit the use of thoracoscopic resection as a routine surgical procedure, especially when strict oncological rules are respected.

  2. Video-Assisted Mini-Open Sublay (VAMOS: A Simple Hybrid Approach for Lateral Incisional Hernias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Schwab

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available PurposeThe purpose is to present a new hybrid approach of lateral incisional hernia repair associated with reduced operative trauma and anatomically optimal mesh placement.MethodsVideo-Assisted Mini-Open Sublay (VAMOS consists of a laparoscopic atraumatic dissection of the hernia sac, diaphanoscopy, laparoscopically-assisted closure of the fascial gap and mesh placement in sublay position through a minimized skin incision. Feasibility of this concept was assessed in a cohort of 7 consecutive patients.ResultsVAMOS approach was feasible in all 7 patients. Median hernia size was 8 cm, the median skin incision width was 7.7 cm. Median operative time was 86 min. In all patients a sufficient mesh overlap on all sides of the fascial gap was ensured. On short-term follow-up no procedure related complications were recorded, seroma formation occurred in 2 patients. Pain medication was necessary for median 4.9 days. There was no need for pain medication on day 14, whatsoever.ConclusionInitial VAMOS results show that the technique is simple, time-saving and safe. It provides a substantial reduction in postoperative pain compared to an open approach. Through implantation in the intermuscular sublay position and minor access-related trauma, it is possible to achieve a biomechanically optimal mesh position, to lay the foundations for adequate remodelling of the abdominal wall, and to prevent recurrence as well as local complications. All in all, VAMOS appears to have several advantages over current surgical strategies.

  3. Complication rates of the 720 video-assisted minilaparotomy living donor nephrectomies: supplementing clavien classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Ha Bum; Choi, Kyung Hwa; Yang, Seung Choul; Han, Woong Kyu

    2012-01-01

    Laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) has been reported to be as safe and effective as open surgery. We systematically evaluated the safety of video-assisted minilaparotomy surgery-living donor nephrectomy (VAMS-LDN) with use of the modified Clavien classification. We retrospectively analyzed complications in 720 cases of VAMS-LDN conducted in our institute from 2003 to 2010 by use of the modified Clavien classification of surgical complications. The mean age of the donors was 39.3 years (range, 16 to 66 years) and their mean body mass index was 23.3 kg/m(2) (range, 15.8 to 36.4 kg/m(2)). A total of 67 complications occurred (9.3%). Based on the modified Clavien classification, grade 1, 2a, and 2b complications occurred in 49 (6.8%), 16 (2.2%), and 2 (0.3%) of the donors, respectively. Most grade 1 complications involved mild vascular injuries that were immediately repaired with polypropylene sutures during the surgery. These did not cause any postoperative problems. The other grade 1 complications were wound dehiscence, not requiring secondary closure, and wound site pain in 11 (1.5%) and 5 (0.7%) cases, respectively. Grade 2a complications occurred in 16 (2.2%) cases: 9 (1.3%) involved postoperative transfusions and 1 (0.1%) involved a renal fossa hematoma. One grade 2b complication occurred; it was a lymphocele that resolved with placement of a pigtail catheter. No complications classified as grade 2c or worse occurred. According to the present analysis of complications, VAMS-LDN is a safe procedure with complication rates comparable to those of LLDN as evaluated in previous studies.

  4. Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy cost variability: implications for a bundled payment era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medbery, Rachel L; Perez, Sebastian D; Force, Seth D; Gillespie, Theresa W; Pickens, Allan; Miller, Daniel L; Fernandez, Felix G

    2014-05-01

    In 2013, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services began its Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Initiative. If payments are to be bundled, surgeons must be able to predict which patients are at risk for more costly care. We aim to identify factors driving variability in hospital costs after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for lung cancer. Our institutional Society of Thoracic Surgeons data were queried for patients undergoing VATS lobectomy for lung cancer during fiscal years 2010 to 2011. Clinical outcomes data were linked with hospital financial data to determine operative and postoperative costs. Linear regression models were created to identify the impact of preoperative risk factors and perioperative outcomes on cost. One hundred forty-nine VATS lobectomies for lung cancer were reviewed. The majority of patients had clinical stage IA lung cancer (67.8%). Median length of stay was 4 days, with 30-day mortality and morbidity rates of 0.7% and 37.6%, respectively. Mean operative and postoperative costs per case were $8,492.31 (±$2,238.76) and $10,145.50 (±$7,004.71), respectively, resulting in an average overall hospital cost of $18,637.81 (±$8,244.12) per patient. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary artery disease, as well as postoperative urinary tract infections and blood transfusions, were associated with statistically significant variability in cost. Variability in cost associated with VATS lobectomy is driven by assorted patient and clinical variables. Awareness of such factors can help surgeons implement quality improvement initiatives and focus resource utilization. Understanding risk-adjusted clinical-financial data is critical to designing payment arrangements that include financial and performance accountability, and thus ultimately increasing the value of health care. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. High-volume intensive training course: a new paradigm for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sihoe, Alan D L; Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Yang, Timothy Y; Zhu, Yuming; Jiang, Gening

    2018-03-27

    The emergence of ultra-high-volume centres promises new opportunities for thoracic surgical training. The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a novel observership course in teaching video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) at an ultra-high-volume centre. Two-week courses in VATS at a specialist unit now performing >10 000 major lung resections annually (>50 daily on average) were attended by 230 surgeons from around the world from 2013 to 2016. An online survey preserving responder anonymity was completed by 156 attendees (67.8%). Attendees included 37% from Western Europe, 18% from Eastern Europe and 17% from Latin America. Experience with open thoracic surgery for more than 5 years was reported by 67%, but 79% had less than 5 years of VATS lobectomy experience. During the course, 70% observed over 30 uniportal VATS operations (including 38% observing over 50), and 69% attended an animal wet lab. Although 72% of the responders attended the course less than 12 months ago, the number of ports used (P course. Improvements in the problem areas of tissue retraction, instrumentation, stapler application and coordination with the assistant during VATS were reported by 56%, 57%, 58% and 53%, respectively. Of those who had attended other VATS courses previously, 87% preferred the training from this high-volume course. High-volume intensive observership training at an ultra-high-volume centre may improve VATS proficiency in a short period of time, and may provide a time-efficient modality for future thoracic surgical training.

  6. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery Thymectomy Versus Sternotomy Thymectomy in Patients With Thymoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agatsuma, Hiroyuki; Yoshida, Kazuo; Yoshino, Ichiro; Okumura, Meinoshin; Higashiyama, Masahiko; Suzuki, Kenji; Tsuchida, Masanori; Usuda, Jitsuo; Niwa, Hiroshi

    2017-09-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and to compare the oncologic outcomes of VATS with those of sternotomy in patients with thymoma. The clinical outcomes of 2,835 patients with thymic epithelial tumors treated between 1991 and 2010 in 32 Japanese institutions were collected retrospectively. The study compared postoperative complications, positive surgical margins, location of recurrence, and survival in 140 of 142 VATS-treated patients (VATS group) matched with 140 of 1,294 sternotomy-treated patients (ST group) by using propensity scores. Postoperative complications were observed in 8 patients in the VATS group. The morbidity rate in the VATS group was not different from that of the ST group (p = 0.25). Positive surgical margins were noted in 4 patients (3 in the VATS group; 1 in the ST group). There was no statistically significant difference in the recurrence rate between groups (median follow-up period: 3.7 years in the VATS group; 5.2 years in the ST group). In total the most frequent site of recurrence was pleural dissemination. In the VATS group, the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 93.8%, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 97.9%. There was no difference in the recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates between the VATS group and the ST group (p = 0.91 and p = 0.74, respectively). VATS thymectomy was feasible and comparable to sternotomy for the treatment of patients with thymoma with regard to morbidity, incomplete resection rate, and prognosis. However, additional follow-up is required to evaluate long-term outcomes. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgical Lobectomy for Lung Cancer: Description of a Learning Curve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Fei; Wang, Jian; Yao, Ju; Hang, Fangrong; Cao, Shiqi; Cao, Yongke

    2017-07-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgical (VATS) lobectomy is gaining popularity in the treatment of lung cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the learning curve of VATS lobectomy by using multidimensional methods and to compare the learning curve groups with respect to perioperative clinical outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed a prospective database to identify 67 consecutive patients who underwent VATS lobectomy for lung cancer by a single surgeon. The learning curve was analyzed by using moving average and the cumulative sum (CUSUM) method. With the moving average and CUSUM analyses for the operation time, patients were stratified into two groups, with chronological order defining early and late experiences. Perioperative clinical outcomes were compared between the two learning curve groups. According to the moving average method, the peak point for operation time occurred at the 26th case. The CUSUM method also showed the operation time peak point at the 26th case. When results were compared between early- and late-experience periods, the operation time, duration of chest drainage, and postoperative hospital stay were significantly longer in the early-experience group (cases 1 to 26). The intraoperative estimated blood loss was significantly less in the late-experience group (cases 27 to 67). CUSUM charts showed a decreasing duration of chest drainage after the 36th case and shortening postoperative hospital stay after the 37th case. Multidimensional statistical analyses suggested that the learning curve for VATS lobectomy for lung cancer required ∼26 cases. Favorable intraoperative and postoperative care parameters for VATS lobectomy were observed in the late-experience group.

  8. Early chest tube removal after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy with serous fluid production up to 500 ml/day

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Lars S; Jensen, Katrine; Petersen, Rene Horsleben

    2014-01-01

    In fast-track pulmonary resections, we removed chest tubes after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy with serous fluid production up to 500 ml/day. Subsequently, we evaluated the frequency of recurrent pleural effusions requiring reintervention....

  9. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury In Total Versus Subtotal Thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajid, Tahira; Qamar Naqvi, Syeda Rifaat; Qamar Naqvi, Syeda Saima; Shukr, Irfan; Ghani, Rehman

    2016-01-01

    Both Total and Subtotal Thyroidectomy are correct treatment options for symptomatic Euthyroid Multinodular Goitre. The choice depends upon surgeon's preference due to consideration of disadvantages like permanent hypothyroidism in Total Thyroidectomy and high chances of recurrence in Subtotal Thyroidectomy. Many surgeons believe that there is a higher incidence of Recurrent Laryngeal nerve injury in Total Thyroidectomy which affects their choice of surgery. This study aimed to compare the incidence of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in total versus subtotal thyroidectomy. This non randomized controlled trial was carried out at Department of Surgery and ENT of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad, and Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi from 1st September 2013 to 30th August 2014. During the period of study, patients presenting in surgical outpatient department with euthyroid multinodular goitre having pressure symptoms requiring thyroidectomy were divided into two groups by convenience sampling with 87 patients in group 1 and 90 patients in group 2. Group-1 was subjected to total thyroidectomy and Group -2 underwent subtotal thyroidectomy. All the patients had preoperative Indirect Laryngoscopy examination and it was repeated postoperatively to check for injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve. A total of 177 patients were included in the study. Out of these, 87 patients underwent total thyroidectomy (Group-1). Two of these patients developed recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (2.3%). In group-2 subjected to subtotal thyroidectomy, three of the patients developed recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (3.3%). The p-value was 0.678. The overall risk of injury to this nerve in both surgeries combined was 2.8%. There is no significant difference in the risk of recurrent laryngeal nerve damage in patients undergoing total versus subtotal thyroidectomy.

  10. Safety of Thyroidectomy at a rural District Hospital in Kenya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-01-16

    Jan 16, 2010 ... 55(10):693-702. 12. Sosa JA, Mehta PJ, Wang TS et al. A population-based study of outcomes from thyroidectomy in aging Americans: at what cost? J Am Coll Surg.2008 Jun;206(3):1097-105. 13. Sosa JA, Mehta PJ, Wang TS, et al. Racial disparities in clinical and economic outcomes from thyroidectomy.

  11. Drains after Thyroidectomy for Benign Thyroid Disorders; Are ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prophylactic drainage after thyroidectomy has been a regular practice at Kenyatta National Hospital( KNH). This has been ... stay and post-operative pain. Introduction. Prophylactic drains are still regularly used in ..... Total versus subtotal thyroidectomy for the management of benign multinodular goiter in an endemic region.

  12. Thyroidectomy decreases snoring and sleep apnea symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiher, Alexandra E; Mazeh, Haggi; Schaefer, Sarah; Chen, Herbert; Sippel, Rebecca S

    2012-11-01

    Patients with goiter often complain of compressive symptoms, which may contribute to symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the impact of thyroid enlargement on these symptoms is not clear. Therefore, we sought to evaluate whether symptoms of sleep apnea resolved after thyroidectomy by using a validated questionnaire. The Berlin Questionnaire, a validated sleep apnea assessment tool, was provided to patients at a single academic institution before and after thyroidectomy. Patients who admitted to symptoms of snoring were asked to complete the questionnaire before and 8 weeks after surgery to assess for improvement in symptoms. The questionnaire uses 3 categories of questions to determine risk of sleep apnea. Two symptom categories must be positive for a patient to be considered high risk for sleep apnea. Forty-five patients completed both pre- and postoperative questionnaires. The average age of patients completing the questionnaire was 53±2 years, and 78% of patients were female. Average body mass index was 33.3±1.4 kg/m(2). Based on their preoperative questionnaire score, 71% of patients were considered to be high risk for OSA, and this decreased to 51% after surgery (p=0.002). Overall scores significantly improved after surgery (mean 2.0 vs. 1.6, psymptoms, gland weight at resection, presence of thyroiditis, or the largest dimension of the gland at resection. Thyroid surgery appears to significantly improve symptoms of OSA in patients who screened positive for symptoms before surgery. Evaluation of patients with OSA should include evaluation of thyroid disease, as symptoms of sleep apnea may improve with thyroidectomy.

  13. Endoscopic and robotic thyroidectomy: past and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terris, D J

    2009-08-01

    After nearly a century of performing a thyroid-ectomy essentially the way it was described by Theodore Kocher in the nineteenth century, the technique has suddenly and rapidly evolved. It can now be accomplished endoscopically in many patients who therefore benefit from the reduced dissection and smaller incisions associated with the approach. While many of the cosmetic, quality of life, and functional improvements have now been documented, an improved understanding of the procedure and the appropriate indications for its application will continue to develop even as the technique itself evolves, and as new approaches emerge.

  14. Satisfaction and compensatory hyperhidrosis rates 5 years and longer after video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathotomy for hyperhidrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Ayesha S; Cerfolio, Robert James

    2014-04-01

    The objective of the present study was to determine the long-term fate and factors of compensatory hyperhidrosis (CH) in patients who have undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathotomy for focal hyperhidrosis. The same quality-of-life survey was administered 6 months postoperatively and then annually to all patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathotomy for hyperhidrosis. A second rib (R2)/R3 sympathotomy was most commonly performed until September 2007 and then R4/R5 sympathotomy was used. From January 1999 until December 2012, 193 patients underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathotomy for hyperhidrosis, of whom, 173 had provided ≥1 year of postoperative survey information. No operative mortalities occurred. Of the 173 patients, 133 (77%) reported "clinically bothersome" CH. This rate had decreased to an average of 35% at 5 and 12 years postoperatively. Univariate analysis showed the CH incidence was significantly greater for the patients who had undergone R2/R3 versus R4/R5 sympathotomy (P hyperhidrosis preoperatively (P = .022), or were female (P = .002). On multivariate analysis, only R2/R3 versus R4/R5 sympathotomy (P hyperhidrosis will commonly report "clinically bothersome" compensatory hyperhidrosis. CH will more likely if R2/R3 sympathetic interruption has been performed instead of R4/R5 and in patients who present with multiple areas of sweating. The severity of clinically bothersome CH decreased during the first 3 years postoperatively. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is sufficient as the only neuromonitoring technique in thyroidectomy performed because of benign goitre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Adamczewski

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available [b][/b]Introduction. Recently, intraoperative neurophysiological neuromonitoring (IONM of recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN has been evolving quickly. This evolution touched many aspects of the technique, leading to continuous stimulation of the RLN with real time analysis of the electrical signal. Objective. The aim of the study was to estimate the value of continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM as the only technique for intraoperative neuromonitoring in thyroidectomy performed because of benign goitre. Material and methods. The study comprised 80 women qualified for thyroidectomy due to nodular goitre. The patients were divided into 4 groups depending on the technique used for RLN integrity verification: group 1 – thyroidectomy with CIONM; group 2 – thyroidectomy with direct, intermittent stimulation of RLN and vagus nerve (NX; group 3 – both CIONM and intermittent stimulation of RLN and NX; group 4 – thyroidectomy without any IONM. Results. Mean operation time did not differ significantly among the groups with IONM, but was significantly longer in comparison to group 4, as well as the operation’s cost. In the analysed groups there was no significant difference in complication ratio. Conclusion. CIONM with RLN visualization in thyroidectomy performed because of benign goitre is as safe as other methods of IONM and gives a continuous confirmation of the electrical integrity of the loop NX-RLN-vocal folds during almost the entire procedure. There is a clinical need for the development of external stimulation of NX (transdermal or trancranial, particularly for minimally invasive techniques in which access to NX is limited (i.e. transoral thyroidectomy.

  16. Completion thyroidectomy and total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer: Comparison and prediction of postoperative hypoparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaofei; Xing, Tengfei; Wei, Tao; Zhu, Jingqiang

    2016-04-01

    Consensus regarding the difference of postoperative hypoparathyroidism following completion thyroidectomy (CT) and total thyroidectomy (TT) has yet to be reached. We compare the occurrence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism between CT and TT for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), and explore the predictive factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism. We retrospectively reviewed 221 consecutive patients underwent CT or TT for DTC between February 2012 and March 2014. Patients' demographic and clinical data of the two groups were analyzed. There were 57 CTs and 164 TTs. Temporary hypoparathyroidism occurred in 12.3% (7 of 57) and 28.0% (46 of 164) of patients in the CT and TT groups, respectively. In univariate analysis, type of surgical procedure (CT or TT) and extent of central lymph node dissection (CND) (unilateral or bilateral) were significantly associated with the postoperative temporary hypoparathyroidism (P hypoparathyroidism. Although temporary hypoparathyroidism was lower in the CT group, our analysis indicates the difference is due to the extent of CND rather than type of surgical procedure (CT vs. TT). Only bilateral CND is an independent risk factor for temporary hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;113:522-525. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Lymph Node Evaluation in Robot-Assisted Versus Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Esophagectomy for Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Propensity-Matched Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Yin-Kai; Hsieh, Ming-Ju; Liu, Yun-Hen; Liu, Hui-Ping

    2018-02-01

    Radical lymph node dissection (LND) along the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is a surgically challenging procedure with a high rate of morbidity. Here, we assessed in a retrospective manner the adequacy of LND along the RLN performed with robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (RATE) versus video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (VATE) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This was a single-center, retrospective, propensity-matched study. ESCC patients who underwent McKeown esophagectomy and bilateral RLN LND with a minimally invasive approach were divided into two groups according to the use of robot-assisted surgery or not (RATE vs VATE, respectively). Using propensity score matching, 34 balanced matched pairs were identified. The number of dissected nodes as well as the rates of RLN palsy and perioperative complications served as the main outcome measures. No conversion to open thoracotomy occurred in either group. Intraoperative blood loss and the need of blood transfusions did not show significant intergroup differences. The mean number of dissected nodes was similar in the two study groups, the only exception being the left RLN area. Specifically, the mean number of nodes removed from this region was 5.32 in the RATE group and 3.38 in patients who received VATE (p = 0.007). Notably, the RATE and VATE groups did not differ significantly with regard to rates of both RLN palsy (20.6 vs 29.4%, respectively, p = 0.401) and pulmonary complications (5.9 vs 17.6%, respectively, p = 0.259). Compared with VATE, RATE resulted in a higher lymph node yield along the left RLN without increasing morbidity.

  18. [CT-guided marking of pulmonary nodules with a special lung marking wire before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - review of 184 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, M-K; Eichfeld, U; Kahn, T; Stumpp, P

    2012-06-01

    Minimally invasive techniques like video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) are currently the method of choice for the resection of small pulmonary nodules, when they are located in the periphery of the lungs. To guarantee quick and safe intraoperative identification of the nodule, preoperative marking is necessary and sensible. We report about our experiences in 184 markings with a special lung marking wire, which is placed in or around the pulmonary nodule using CT guidance. In 184 patients (97 m, 87f, mean age: 58.1 ± 13.7 years) with pulmonary nodules, scheduled for resection with VATS, a special lung marking wire was placed preoperatively under CT guidance. We evaluated the technical success, safety, necessity of conversion to thoracotomy and histology in all patients. The marking wire could be positioned successfully in 181 cases (98.4 %). There was one major complication (uncontrollable pneumothorax). Minor adverse events like small pneumothorax (53.3 %) or a perifocal bleeding (30.4 %) did not necessitate treatment. Complete resection of the marked nodule was successful in 98.4 % of the patients. Conversion to thoracotomy was necessary in 29 patients (15.9 %) due to bleeding, adhesions, malignancy or wire dislocation. Histology revealed a benign nodule in 96 cases (54.4 %) and a malignant lesion in 78 cases (45.6 %), of which only 21 nodules (11.5 %) turned out to present a primary pulmonary carcinoma. CT-guided marking of pulmonary nodules using a special marking wire followed by thoracoscopic resection is an efficient and safe method for diagnosing suspicious nodules in the periphery of the lung. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Cirurgia cardíaca videoassistida: resultados de um projeto pioneiro no Brasil Video-assisted cardiac surgery: results from a pioneer project in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinson Poffo

    2009-09-01

    use of videothoracoscopy in cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB. METHODS: Between February 2006 and November 2008, 102 patients underwent consecutively minimally invasive video-assisted cardiac surgery. The cardiac pathologies approached were: mitral valvopathy (n=56, aortic (n=14, interatrial communication (IC (n=32, six patients presented associated tricuspid insufficiency and 12 presented atrial fibrillation. The age ranged from 18 to 68 years and 57 were female. The surgical approach was: femoral arterial and venous cannulation, minithoracotomy ranging from four to six centimeters (cm at the level of the 3º or 4º right intercostal space (RICS, depending on the pathology of the patient, between anterior axillary line and hemiclavicular line, submammary or right periareolar groove through the right breast and thoracoscopy. RESULTS: The surgical procedures were: plasty (n=20 or mitral valve replacement (n=36, aortic valve replacement (n=14, atrioseptoplasty using pericardial patch (n=32, tricuspid valve repair with rigid ring (n=6 and surgical correction of atrial fibrillation with radiofrequency (n=12. There were no complications during the procedures. There was no conversion to thoracotomy in neither case. Two patients developed atrial fibrillation in the postoperative period. There was an episode of stroke seven days after the hospital discharge and one death (0.9% due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the coverage of pathologies that are possible to be approached by video-assisted cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass being a safe and effective procedure with low morbimortality. Minimally invasive video-assisted cardiac surgery is already a reality in Brazil, demonstrating excellent aesthetic and functional results

  20. Is it safe to perform completion lobectomy after diagnostic wedge resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbek, Bo Laksáfoss; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the safety of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) completion lobectomy (CL) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after diagnostic wedge resection by comparing with standard VATS lobectomy (SL). METHODS: Data were retrieved from...... test. RESULTS: In total 80 CL and 958 SLs were performed. There were no significant differences in median operating time, median chest drain duration or median length of stay. Median operative bleeding was 100 mL (IQR 50-238) in the CL group compared to 75 mL (IQR 25-200) in the SL group (p = 0.......99). CONCLUSIONS: This study comparing short-term surgical outcome and complications after surgical treatment of NSCLC indicates that VATS completion lobectomy after diagnostic wedge resection seems safe when looking at a relatively short time interval between the two procedures....

  1. Postoperative myocardial infarction after diagnostic video-assisted thoracoscopy and pleurodesis for catamenial pneumothorax: A unique case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Madhavi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Myocardial infarction (MI is uncommon in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery without a history of coronary artery disease. But, patients with compromised pulmonary function and coexisting anaemia superimposed by precipitating factors like prolonged hypotension and tachycardia can culminate in myocardial catastrophe even in the absence of risk factors. We are herewith reporting an unusual case of postoperative non-ST elevation MI without any pre-existing ischemic heart disease. A 39-year-old female patient who was submitted for diagnostic video-assisted thoracoscopy and chemical pleurodesis for recurrent pneumothorax developed postoperative MI. After review of all the factors, it was found that the patient developed Type 2 MI as a sequel to oxygen supply and demand mismatch secondary to hypoxia and prolonged hypotension. This was evident in the 12-lead electrocardiogram and was confirmed by elevated cardiac biomarkers and regional wall motion abnormality on echocardiography.

  2. Successful Treatment of Mediastinal Unicentric Castleman’s Disease Using Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery with Preoperative Embolization

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    Yosuke Amano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Unicentric Castleman’s disease is a rare, benign lymphoproliferative disorder that is curable with surgical resection. However, significant bleeding often occurs during surgery because of tumor hypervascularity. We herein present a case of hyaline-vascular-type mediastinal unicentric Castleman’s disease, successfully resected using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with preoperative embolization. In the present case, tumor hypervascularity and feeding vessels were revealed by computed tomography (CT, which led us to perform preoperative angiography and embolization to the tumor feeding arteries to reduce intraoperative bleeding. Castleman’s disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypervascular mediastinal tumors. Tumor vascularity should be assessed prior to surgery, and preoperative embolization should be considered.

  3. Surgeons’ Volume-Outcome Relationship for Lobectomies and Wedge Resections for Cancer Using Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy David

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effect of surgeons’ volume on outcomes in lung surgery: lobectomies and wedge resections. Additionally, the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS on cost, utilization, and adverse events was analyzed. The Premier Hospital Database was the data source for this analysis. Eligible patients were those of any age undergoing lobectomy or wedge resection using VATS for cancer treatment. Volume was represented by the aggregate experience level of the surgeon in a six-month window before each surgery. A positive volume-outcome relationship was found with some notable features. The relationship is stronger for cost and utilization outcomes than for adverse events; for thoracic surgeons as opposed to other surgeons; for VATS lobectomies rather than VATS wedge resections. While there was a reduction in cost and resource utilization with greater experience in VATS, these outcomes were not associated with greater experience in open procedures.

  4. Cervical scarless endoscopic thyroidectomy: Axillo-bilateral-breast approach (ABBA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bärlehner, Eckhard; Benhidjeb, Tahar

    2008-01-01

    Neck surgery is one of the latest applications of minimally invasive surgery. We applied a new technique for totally endoscopic thyroidectomy, the axillo-bilateral-breast approach (ABBA). This approach does not leave a scar on the neck. Between February 2005 and October 2005, 13 patients were treated by ABBA for uni- or multinodular goitres. Surgery is performed under general anaesthesia and in supine position. 5 mm bilateral skin incisions are made on the margin of the areola of nipple. They are used to insert and subcutaneously push forward a 20 cm long, 5 mm trocar to the jugular fossa. A further 5 mm incision is performed in the right axilla. The right breast trocar is the optical trocar. A Maryland clamp in axillary position and 5 mm harmonic scalpel via the left breast trocar permit a clear view of the further subfascial preparation. The caudal hyoidal muscles are longitudinally split along the linea alba. Using delicate blunt dissection, both thyroid lobes are exposed. After isthmus transection is performed, the upper thyroid pole is being mobilized. The upper pole vessels are isolated and divided close to the thyroid capsule. Preparation of the retrothyroidal area includes visualization of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. The resection is performed without bleeding with a harmonic scalpel. Via the axillary approach, with the incision being widened, a 20 mm trocar is inserted and advanced up to the thyroid lodge to remove the specimen. The average operation time was 132 minutes. No patient had to be converted to a conventional approach. Hypocalcaemia or recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy were not observed postoperatively. Our preliminary results show that the ABBA technique is a feasible, safe procedure with excellent cosmetic benefits. The small scars in the right axilla and bilateral nipple areola are almost invisible.

  5. Robotic thyroidectomy and neck dissection: past, present, and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jandee; Chung, Woong Youn

    2013-01-01

    The advantages of endoscopic thyroidectomy and neck dissection include reduced hyperesthesia or paresthesia in the neck and favorable cosmetic outcomes. However, endoscopic thyroidectomy with neck dissection has a long learning curve, as well as technical limitations associated with a 2-dimensional view and a reduced dexterity of movement, particularly when operating in deep and narrow spaces such as the neck area. A robotic approach has been developed to overcome these limitations, facilitating manipulation and shortening the learning curve. This system enables the surgeon to control the 3-dimensional high-definition camera, reducing physiological tremors and enabling free dexterity of movement using articulated instruments. Therefore, robotic surgery has been found to eliminate many problems encountered with conventional endoscopic techniques.Recently, robotic thyroidectomy with neck dissection via a gasless transaxillary approach was shown to yield similar oncologic outcomes as conventional open procedures, as determined by postoperative radioactive iodine scans, serum thyroglobulin concentrations, and number of retrieved cervical lymph nodes. We also found that the robotic technique was safe and feasible in thyroid cancer patients, yielding excellent cosmetic results, reduced pain, improved sensory changes and decreased postoperative voice changes and swallowing discomfort. For surgeons, the use of a robot offers a shorter operation time and the need for a shorter learning curve than conventional endoscopic thyroidectomy. Robotic thyroidectomy also causes less musculoskeletal discomfort to surgeons than open or endoscopic thyroidectomy. The advantages of robotic surgery over open or endoscopic surgery suggest that robotic thyroidectomy with neck dissection may become the preferred surgical option for patients with thyroid cancer. Further analyses of surgeons' experience, assessments of long-term outcomes, and randomized controlled trials remain important.

  6. Single-port unilateral transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy: A survival animal and cadaver feasibility study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Neubarth Phillips

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Single-port unilateral axillary thyroidectomy has great potential to become a valid alternative technique for thyroid surgery. We tested the technique in a study on live animals and cadavers to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of the procedure. Materials and Methods: Institutional review board (IRB approval was obtained in our university by the Council of Ethics for the study in surviving animals and cadavers. Subtotal thyroidectomy using unilateral axillary single port was performed in five dogs and five cadavers. Performing incision in the axillary fossa, a disposable single port was inserted. The dissection progressed for creating a subcutaneous tunnel to the subplatysmal region; after opening the platysma muscle and separation of the strap muscles, the thyroid gland was identified. After key anatomical landmarks were identified, the dissection was started at the upper pole towards the bottom, and to the isthmus. Specimens were extracted intact through the tunnel. Clinical and laboratorial observations of the experimental study in a 15-day follow-up and intraoperative data were documented. Results: All surgeries were performed in five animals which survived 15 days without postoperative complications. In the surgeries successfully performed in five cadavers, anatomical landmarks were recognised and intraoperative dissection of recurrent nerves and parathyroid glands was performed. Mean operative time was 64 min (46-85 min in animals and 123 min (110-140 min in cadavers, with a good cosmetic outcome since the incision was situated in the axillary fold. Conclusion: The technique of single-port axillary unilateral thyroidectomy was feasible and reproducible in the cadavers and animal survival study, suggesting the procedure as an alternative to minimally invasive surgery of the neck.

  7. A Case of Hypercalcemia after Thyroidectomy

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    Katsarou Irini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Total thyroidectomy is complicated by hypoparathyroidism in 1-3% of patients. Hypoparathyroidism is treated with oral calcium and vitamin-D supplements. Everyday use of calcium and vitamin D can lead sometimes to hypercalcemia. Ingestion of large amounts of calcium and absorbable alkali that cause hypercalcemia, various degrees of renal failure, and metabolic alkalosis, can be associated with a diagnosis of calcium-alkali syndrome. This syndrome was first identified as milkalkali syndrome, after treatment of peptic ulcer disease with milk and alkali which was widely adopted at the beginning of the 20th century. With the introduction of histamine-2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors, the occurrence of milk-alkali syndrome became rare; however, it has emerged recently as calcium-alkali syndrome because of the wide availability and increasing use of calcium carbonate, mostly for osteoporosis prevention. We present a female patient with hypoparathyroidism who presented with hypercalcemia and alkalosis as a result of treatment with calcium carbonate, vitamin D and thiazide diuretic. The patient was treated successfully by discontinuation of the above drugs, intravenous fluid administration and enhancement of calcium renal excretion. Hypercalcemia presenting as calcium-alkali syndrome is a diagnosis that requires a high index of suspicion in order to quickly identify the disorder and initiate appropriate therapy. It is important for clinicians to keep the syndrome on their list of differential diagnosis.

  8. Early Predictors of Post - Thyroidectomy Hypoparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieniawski, Karol; Kaczka, Krzysztof; Paduszyńska, Katarzyna; Fendler, Wojciech; Tomasik, Bartłomiej; Pomorski, Lech

    2016-12-01

    Thyroid surgery is the most commonly performed procedure in the field of endocrine surgery. Studies are still ongoing on the development of a single algorithm for diagnosis and care of patients at risk of postoperative hypoparathyroidism. The aim of the study was to determine the biochemical marker that would allow the most accurate diagnosis of patient groups at risk of developing hypoparathyroidism and to identify risk factors for this disorder. The prospective study included 142 consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for benign goiter from January 1st 2014 to December 31st 2015. Serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), total calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), and magnesium (Mg) levels have been measured preoperatively and at 1, 6, 24, and 48 h postoperatively. Clinical symptoms of hypoparathyroidism developed in 25 (17.6%) of 142 patients. The best diagnostic accuracy for hypoparathyroidism based on ROC curves was obtained for iPTH at 6h (AUC 0.942; 95% CI: 0.866-1.000, phypoparathyroidism, by 68% (p=0.012) and 61% (p=0.007), respectively. A 1% decline in iPTH from baseline increased the risk of hypoparathyroidism by 15% (phypoparathyroidism are the decline in ΔiPTH at 6h by > 65% or iPTH level at 6h hypoparathyroidism. Preoperative higher concentrations of Ca and iPTH are protective factors for the development of this disorder.

  9. Total thyroidectomy as primary elective procedure in multinodular thyroid disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sheikh, I.A.; Haider, I.Z.; Haroon, A.; Ashfaq, M.

    2009-01-01

    Multinodular goitre is one of the commonest thyroid diseases encountered in the practice of surgery. The most common surgery being performed for multinodular goitre is subtotal thyroidectomy. Total thyroidectomy is designed to remove all of the thyroid tissue. The objective of this study was to evaluate total thyroidectomy as a primary elective procedure for treatment of multinodular thyroid disease. This descriptive study was carried out at Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi from June 2003 to September 2006. 88 patients of multinodular thyroid disease were included. Patients having evidence of recurrent laryngeal nerve damage, recurrent goitre, evidence of altered parathyroid functions or evidence of malignancy were excluded. All patients underwent total thyroidectomy by the same team of surgeons and the patients were closely followed up for postoperative complications especially in terms of recurrent laryngeal nerve damage and hypocalcaemic tetany. No major postoperative complication was noted. Only 1 patient (1.14%) developed unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve damage and 2 patients (2.27%) developed transient hypocalcaemia that recovered quickly. Total thyroidectomy as a primary elective procedure in multinodular thyroid disease is a safe option and it removes the disease process completely, lowers local recurrence rates and avoids the substantial risks of re operative surgery. (author)

  10. Total Thyroidectomy is Associated with Increased Prevalence of Permanent Hypoparathyroidism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawrot, Ireneusz; Pragacz, Aneta; Pragacz, Krzysztof; Grzesiuk, Wiesław; Barczyński, Marcin

    2014-01-01

    Background Thyroid disorders are very common in adults. Despite advances in conservative management, surgery remains a treatment modality of choice in many cases. The mortality and morbidity of thyroidectomy are low, but long-term postoperative hypoparathyroidism (HPT) remains a prominent complication of the procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of permanent HPT and identify the risk factors for this complication in a cohort of post-thyroidectomy patients followed at a District Endocrine Clinic. Material/Methods This was a retrospective analysis of 401 patients followed up at a Regional/District Endocrine Clinic, who had undergone thyroid surgery in the years 1993–2011. The percentage of patients with permanent (>12 months) HPT was the primary endpoint of the study. The statistically analyzed data of patients with permanent HPT versus the remaining patients free from postoperative complications included their demographic data, indications for surgical treatment of their thyroid disorder, and extent of the thyroid resection. The risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism were assessed using logistic regression analysis. Results Permanent HPT following surgery on the thyroid gland occurred in 8.5% of the patients. It was more frequent following total thyroidectomy (20.2%) than near-total thyroidectomy (6.7%) or subtotal thyroidectomy (4.2%); phypoparathyroidism when compared to less extensive thyroid resection modes in patients with benign thyroid diseases. PMID:25234952

  11. Surgical treatment of Graves' disease: subtotal or total thyroidectomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miccoli, P; Vitti, P; Rago, T; Iacconi, P; Bartalena, L; Bogazzi, F; Fiore, E; Valeriano, R; Chiovato, L; Rocchi, R; Pinchera, A

    1996-12-01

    The extent of thyroidectomy in Graves' disease is still controversial. We compared the outcome of two groups of patients with Graves' disease who underwent total and subtotal thyroidectomy, respectively. One hundred forty patients were treated by subtotal (ST, n = 80) or total thyroidectomy (TT, n = 60) between 1988 and 1994 for a large goiter or recurrence of hyperthyroidism after antithyroid drugs. Surgical complications, relapse of hyperthyroidism, and serum levels of antibodies were evaluated. Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor and thyroperoxidase antibodies significantly decreased in 44 of 60 and in 27 of 60, respectively, of TT patients and in 65 of 80 and 8 of 80, respectively, of ST patients. Thyroid-stimulating hormone antibody levels increased in three ST patients who had relapse of hyperthyroidism and in no TT patients; thyroperoxidase antibodies increased in nine ST patients (four with relapse of hyperthyroidism) and in no TT patients. Vocal cord palsy occurred in two ST (2.5%) and in 1 TT (1.7%) patients; hypoparathyroidism occurred in three ST (3.8%) and in two (3.3%) TT patients. Total thyroidectomy does not present more complications with respect to subtotal thyroidectomy, but it avoids the worsening of thyroid humoral autoimmunity and the relapse of hyperthyroidism. Thus it could represent the treatment of choice in Graves' disease.

  12. Prediction of permanent hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almquist, M; Hallgrimsson, P; Nordenström, E; Bergenfelz, A

    2014-10-01

    Hypoparathyroidism is a common complication with thyroid surgery. The ability to predict a high risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism is important for individual prognosis and follow-up. Permanent hypoparathyroidism, defined as continuing need for vitamin D medication at 1-year post-operatively, was investigated in patients after total thyroidectomy. Blood levels of calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured intra-operatively, the day after surgery and at 1 month post-operatively. Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the risk of vitamin D treatment at last follow-up, calculated as odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs). Patients were followed until cessation of vitamin D and/or calcium medication, until death, loss to follow-up, or end of follow-up, whichever came first. A total of 519 patients were included. The median (range) follow-up in patients unable to cease vitamin D was 2.7 (1.2-10.3) years. The rate of permanent hypoparathyroidism was 10/519, 1.9 %. Parathyroid auto-transplantation was performed in 90/519 (17.3 %) patients. None of these developed permanent hypoparathyroidism, nor did any patient with normal PTH day 1 (>1.6 pmol/l or 15 pg/ml). The adjusted risk (OR, 95 % CI) for permanent hypoparathyroidism for log PTH on day 1 was 0.25 (0.13-0.50). In patients not auto-transplanted and with unmeasurable PTH day 1 (hypoparathyroidism. Auto-transplantation protects against permanent hypoparathyroidism, whereas low PTH day 1 is associated with high risk.

  13. [Risk factors' analysis of transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocchiara, G; Cajozzo, M; Fazzotta, S; Palumbo, V D; Geraci, G; Maione, C; Buscemi, S; Romano, G; Fatica, F; Spinelli, G; Ficarella, S; Maffongelli, A; Caternicchia, F; Lo Monte, A I

    2017-01-01

    This review evaluates those main risk factors that can affect patients undergoing thyroidectomy, to reach a better pre- and post-operative management of transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism. The transient hypoparathyroidism is a potentially severe complication of thyroidectomy, including a wide range of signs and symptoms that persists for a few weeks. The definitive hypoparathyroidism occurs when a medical treatment is necessary over 12 months. Risk factors that may influence the onset of this condition after thyroidectomy include: pre- and post-operative biochemical factors, such as serum calcium levels, vitamin D blood concentrations and intact PTH. Other involved factors could be summarized as follow: female sex, Graves' or thyroid neoplastic diseases, surgeon's dexterity and surgical technique. The medical treatment includes the administration of calcium, vitamin D and magnesium sometimes. Although biological and biochemical factors could be related to iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism, the surgeon's experience and the used surgical technique still maintain a crucial role in the aetiology of this important complication.

  14. Thyroidectomy and Lymph Node Dissection in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

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    Yasuhiro Ito

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Papillary carcinoma is a prominent malignancy originating from follicular cells. This disease generally shows an indolent character, but patients demonstrating certain clinicopathological features have a dire prognosis. At present, Western countries adopted almost routine total thyroidectomy with radioactive iodine (RAI ablation, while limited thyroidectomy with extensive prophylactic lymph node dissection has traditionally been performed for most patients in Japan. Recently, accurate evaluation of carcinoma stage can be performed on preoperative imaging studies, especially on ultrasonography. It is therefore important to treat papillary carcinoma patients depending on clinicopathological features rather than in a stereotyped fashion. In this paper, appropriate extension of thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection is discussed based on Western and recently published Japanese guidelines and the experience in Kuma Hospital.

  15. Thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Yasuhiro; Miyauchi, Akira

    2010-11-10

    Papillary carcinoma is a prominent malignancy originating from follicular cells. This disease generally shows an indolent character, but patients demonstrating certain clinicopathological features have a dire prognosis. At present, Western countries adopted almost routine total thyroidectomy with radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation, while limited thyroidectomy with extensive prophylactic lymph node dissection has traditionally been performed for most patients in Japan. Recently, accurate evaluation of carcinoma stage can be performed on preoperative imaging studies, especially on ultrasonography. It is therefore important to treat papillary carcinoma patients depending on clinicopathological features rather than in a stereotyped fashion. In this paper, appropriate extension of thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection is discussed based on Western and recently published Japanese guidelines and the experience in Kuma Hospital.

  16. Valor de la videotoracoscopia en el derrame pleural Value of video-assisted thoracoscopy in the pleural effusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edelberto Fuentes Valdés

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available El derrame pleural es una de las lesiones que con frecuencia son consultadas al cirujano: en demanda de obtención de material tisular para biopsia, tras el fallo reiterado de la punción citológica o para tratar enfermos con derrame incontrolable. Objetivos: Evaluar la utilidad de la videotoracoscopía en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de pacientes portadores de un derrame pleural. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos prospectiva, que comprende 73 pacientes consecutivos a quienes se les practicó una videotoracoscopía para diagnóstico y tratamiento de un derrame pleural, tratados entre enero de 1997 y julio de 2004. Resultados: Al sexo masculino correspondieron 43 pacientes y 30 al femenino. Treinta y nueve (52,4 % tenían una enfermedad maligna, con predominio de pulmón y mama, como causa del derrame. El 71,2 % de los casos fueron operados con intención diagnóstica. Entre las causas no tumorales sobresalen la inflamación pleural crónica (10, empiema (7, pleuritis aguda y subaguda (5 y tuberculosis pleural (4. El proceder terapéutico más frecuente fue la pleurodesis con talco en derrames malignos. En 69 pacientes (94,5 % el proceder fue útil. Tres sufrieron complicaciones posoperatorias, 2 insuficiencia respiratoria y 1 enfisema subcutáneo. Fallecieron 3 (4,1 %, 2 de ellos por insuficiencia respiratoria que no permitió la separación del ventilador mecánico. Conclusiones: La videotoracoscopía es una herramienta útil en el manejo de los casos portadores de un derrame pleural, cuando no se ha logrado obtener el diagnóstico y para realizar la pleurodesis con talcoThe pleural effusion is one of the lesions that are frequently consulted with the surgeon to obtain tissue material for biopsy after the reiterated failure of the cytological puncture, or to treat patients with uncontrollable effusion. Objective: to evaluate the usefulness of the video-assisted thoracoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of patients

  17. Mid-term survival outcome of single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomical lung resection: a two-centre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ching Feng; Fernandez, Ricardo; Mercedes, de la Torre; Delgado, Maria; Fieira, Eva; Wu, Ching Yang; Hsieh, Ming Ju; Paradela, Marina; Liu, Yun-Hen; Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego

    2018-03-03

    Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (SPVATS) anatomical resection has been shown to be a feasible technique for lung cancer patients. Whether SPVATS has equivalent or better oncological outcomes for lung cancer patients remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perioperative and mid-term survival outcomes of SPVATS in 2 different medical centres. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent SPVATS anatomical resections between January 2014 and February 2017 in Coruña University Hospital's Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery Unit (Spain) and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (Taiwan). Survival outcomes were assessed by pathological stage according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th and 8th classifications. In total, 307 patients were enrolled in this study. Mean drainage days and postoperative hospital stay were 3.90 ± 2.98 and 5.03 ± 3.34 days. The overall 30-day mortality, 90-day morbidity and mortality rate were 0.7%, 20.1% and 0.7%, respectively. The 2-year disease-free survival and 2-year overall survival of the cohort were 80.6% and 93.4% for 1A, 68.8% and 84.6% for 1B, 51.0% and 66.7% for 2A, 21.6% and 61.1% for 2B, 47.6% and 58.5% for 3A, respectively, following the AJCC 7th classification. By the AJCC 8th classification, these were 92.3% and 100% for 1A1, 73.7% and 91.4% for 1A2, 75.2% and 93.4% for 1A3, 62.1% and 85.9% for 1B, 55.6% and 72.7% for 2A, 47.1% and 64.2% for 2B and 42.1% and 60.3% for 3A. Our preliminary results revealed that SPVATS anatomical resection achieves acceptable 2-year survival outcomes for early-stage lung cancer and is consistent with AJCC 8th staging system 2-year survival data. For advanced stage non-small-cell lung cancer patients, further evaluation is warranted.

  18. What are the Advantages? A Prospective Analysis of 16 versus 28 French Chest Tube Sizes in Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy of Lung Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mei YANG

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Post-operation management of minimally invasive thoracic surgery is similar to that of open surgery, especially on the drainage tube of the chest. The aim of this study is to compare the advantages of using 16 F versus 28 F chest tubes in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS lobectomy of lung cancer. Methods Data from 163 patients (February-May 2014 who underwent VATS lobectomy of lung cancer with insertion of one chest drain (16 F or 28 F were analyzed. The following post-operative data were evaluated: primary healing of tube incision, CXR abnormalities (pneumothorax, fluid, atelectasis, subcutaneous emphysema, and hematoma, drainage time, new drain insertion, and wound healing at the site of insertion. Results A total of 75 patients received 28 F chest tubes, and 88 patients received 16 F chest tubes. Both groups were similar in age, gender, comorbidities, and pathological evaluation of resection specimens. After adjustment, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in relation to tube-related complications including residual pneumothoraces (4.00% vs 4.44%; P=0.999, subcutaneous emphysema (8.00% vs 6.67%; P=0.789, retained hemothorax (0 vs 41%, P=0.253, and drainage time [(28.4±16.12 h vs (22.1±11.8 h; P=0.120] The average total drainage volume and rrhythmia rates of the 16 F group [(365±106 mL, 14.67%] was less than that of the 28 F group [(665±217 mL, 4.5%; P=0.030, P=0.047]. The rates of primary healing at the site of insertion in the 16 F group (95.45% was higher than that in the 28 F group (77.73%, P=0.039. A significant difference was found on the post-operative length of stay of the two groups [(4.23±0.05 d vs (4.57±0.16 d, P=0.078]. Conclusion The use of 16 F chest tube for VATS lobectomy of patients with lung cancer did not affect the clinically relevant outcomes tested. However, 16 F chest tube facilitated faster wound healing at the site of insertion.

  19. Handheld single photon emission computed tomography (handheld SPECT) navigated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery of computer tomography-guided radioactively marked pulmonary lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Joachim; Putora, Paul Martin; Schneider, Tino; Zeisel, Christoph; Brutsche, Martin; Baty, Florent; Markus, Alexander; Kick, Jochen

    2016-09-01

    Radioactive marking can be a valuable extension to minimally invasive surgery. The technique has been clinically applied in procedures involving sentinel lymph nodes, parathyroidectomy as well as interventions in thoracic surgery. Improvements in equipment and techniques allow one to improve the limits. Pulmonary nodules are frequently surgically removed for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons; here video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is the preferred technique. VATS might be impossible with nodules that are small or located deep in the lung. In this study, we examined the clinical application and safety of employing the newly developed handheld single photon emission tomography (handheld SPECT) device in combination with CT-guided radioactive marking of pulmonary nodules. In this pilot study, 10 subjects requiring surgical resection of a pulmonary nodule were included. The technique involved CT-guided marking of the target nodule with a 20-G needle, with subsequent injection of 25-30 MBq (effective: 7-14 MBq) Tc-99m MAA (Macro Albumin Aggregate). Quality control was made with conventional SPECT-CT to confirm the correct localization and exclude possible complications related to the puncture procedure. VATS was subsequently carried out using the handheld SPECT to localize the radioactivity intraoperatively and therefore the target nodule. A 3D virtual image was superimposed on the intraoperative visual image for surgical guidance. In 9 of the 10 subjects, the radioactive application was successfully placed directly in or in the immediate vicinity of the target nodule. The average size of the involved nodules was 9 mm (range 4-15). All successfully marked nodules were subsequently completely excised (R0) using VATS. The procedure was well tolerated. An asymptomatic clinically insignificant pneumothorax occurred in 5 subjects. Two subjects were found to have non-significant discrete haemorrhage in the infiltration canal of the needle. In a single subject, the

  20. Video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy for non-thymomatous myasthenia gravis: a right-sided or left-sided approach?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsayed, Hany Hasan; Gamal, Mahmoud; Raslan, Saleh; Abdel Hamid, Hossam

    2017-10-01

    A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was in [patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy for myasthenia gravis (MG)] is a [left-sided approach] superior to a [right-sided approach] in terms of [clinical outcome]? Two hundred and fifty-nine papers were found using the reported search. In looking at both procedures, we selected studies with a sizeable number of patients performing or studying both procedures and comparing their outcome. Hence, only 4 studies represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date, country, study type, patient group, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Two studies compared their clinical experience with a right-sided versus a left-sided video assisted thoracoscopic surgery thymectomy approach, while 1 study compared using a bilateral versus a unilateral right-sided approach in patients with non-thymomatous MG. The number of patients studied included 31, 107 and 103 patients, respectively. All 3 studies demonstrated no difference regarding surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications and therapeutic effects (the last study compared the 5-year complete stable remission rate). All 3 studies concluded that both approaches are feasible, effective and comparable in operative and long-term results for the treatment of non-thymomatous MG. One anatomical study compared both approaches in 10 cadavers, 5 in each group. They studied the size of the specimen resected and visualization of different anatomic sites via each approach. Visualization was superior using the left-sided approach, while a right-sided approach resulted in slightly higher chances of an incomplete resection. The study concluded that a left-sided approach achieves a better chance of radical thoracoscopic thymectomy due to anatomic considerations. In conclusion, despite 1

  1. A Comparative Study of Da Vinci Robot System with Video-assisted Thoracoscopy in the Surgical Treatment of Mediastinal Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renquan DING

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective In recent years, Da Vinci robot system applied in the treatment of intrathoracic surgery mediastinal diseases become more mature. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical data about mediastinal lesions of General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region in the past 4 years, then to analyze the treatment effect and promising applications of da Vinci robot system in the surgical treatment of mediastinal lesions. Methods 203 cases of mediastinal lesions were collected from General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region between 2010 and 2013. These patients were divided into two groups da Vinci and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS according to the selection of the treatments. The time in surgery, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage amount within three days after surgery, the period of bearing drainage tubes, hospital stays and hospitalization expense were then compared. Results All patients were successfully operated, the postoperative recovery is good and there is no perioperative death. The different of the time in surgery between two groups is Robots group 82 (20-320 min and thoracoscopic group 89 (35-360 min (P>0.05. The intraoperative blood loss between two groups is robot group 10 (1-100 mL and thoracoscopic group 50 (3-1,500 mL. The postoperative drainage amount within three days after surgery between two groups is robot group 215 (0-2,220 mL and thoracoscopic group 350 (50-1,810 mL. The period of bearing drainage tubes after surgery between two groups is robot group 3 (0-10 d and thoracoscopic group: 5 (1-18 d. The difference of hospital stays between two groups is robot group 7 (2-15 d and thoracoscopic group 9 (2-50 d. The hospitalization expense between two groups is robot group (18,983.6±4,461.2 RMB and thoracoscopic group (9,351.9±2,076.3 RMB (All P<0.001. Conclusion The da Vinci robot system is safe and efficient in the treatment of mediastinal lesions compared with video-assisted

  2. Robotic versus human camera holding in video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy: a single blind randomized trial of efficacy and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins Rua, Joaquim Fernando; Jatene, Fabio Biscegli; de Campos, José Ribas Milanez; Monteiro, Rosangela; Tedde, Miguel Lia; Samano, Marcos Naoyuki; Bernardo, Wanderley M; Das-Neves-Pereira, João Carlos

    2009-02-01

    Our objective is to compare surgical safety and efficacy between robotic and human camera control in video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy. A randomized-controlled-trial was performed. Surgical operation was VATS sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis. The trial compared a voice-controlled robot for holding the endoscopic camera robotic group (Ro) to human assisted group (Hu). Each group included 19 patients. Sympathectomy was achieved by electrodessication of the third ganglion. Operations were filmed and images stored. Two observers quantified the number of involuntary and inappropriate movements and how many times the camera was cleaned. Safety criteria were surgical accidents, pain and aesthetical results; efficacy criteria were: surgical and camera use duration, anhydrosis, length of hospitalization, compensatory hyperhidrosis and patient satisfaction. There was no difference between groups regarding surgical accidents, number of involuntary movements, pain, aesthetical results, general satisfaction, number of lens cleaning, anhydrosis, length of hospitalization, and compensatory hyperhidrosis. The number of contacts of the laparoscopic lens with mediastinal structures was lower in the Ro group (Probotic arm in VATS sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis is as safe but less efficient when compared to a human camera-holding assistant.

  3. Using a Bedside Video-assisted Test Tube Test to Assess Stoma Viability: A Report of 4 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Sarwat; Turner, Keli; Shah, Paulesh; Diaz, Jose

    2016-07-01

    Mucosal discoloration of an intestinal stoma may indicate self-limited venous congestion or necrosis necessitating operative revision. A common bedside technique to assess stoma viability is the "test tube test". A clear tube is inserted into the stoma and a hand-held light is used to assess the color of the stoma. A technique (video-assisted test tube test [VATTT]) developed by the authors utilizes a standard video bronchoscope inserted into a clear plastic blood collection tube to visually inspect and assess the mucosa. This technique was evaluated in 4 patients (age range 49-72 years, all critically ill) with a discolored stoma after emergency surgery. In each case, physical exam revealed ischemic mucosa at the surface either immediately after surgery or after worsening hypotension weeks later. Serial test tube test assessments were ambiguous when trying to assess deeper mucosa. The VATTT assessment showed viable pink mucosa beneath the surface and until the fascia was revealed in 3 patients. One (1) patient had mucosal ischemia down to the fascia, which prompted operative revision of the stoma. The new stoma was assessed with a VATTT and was viable for the entire length of the stoma. VATTT provided an enhanced, magnified, and clearer way to visually assess stoma viability in the postoperative period that can be performed at the bedside with no adverse events. It may prevent unnecessary relaparotomy or enable earlier diagnosis of deep ostomy necrosis. Validity and reliability studies are warranted.

  4. Management of thyroid gland invasion in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslanoğlu, Seçil; Eren, Erdem; Özkul, Yılmaz; Ciğer, Ejder; Kopar, Aylin; Önal, Kazım; Etit, Demet; Tütüncü, G Yazgı

    2016-02-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of thyroid gland invasion in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma; and the association between clinicopathological parameters and thyroid gland invasion. Medical records of 75 patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent total laryngectomy with thyroidectomy were reviewed, retrospectively. Preoperative computed tomography scans, clinical and operative findings, and histopathological data of the specimens were evaluated. There were 73 male and two female patients with an age range of 41-88 years (mean 60.4 years). Hemithyroidectomy was performed in 62 (82.7 %) and total thyroidectomy was performed in 13 patients (17.3 %). Four patients had histopathologically proven thyroid gland invasion (5.3 %). In three patients, thyroid gland involvement was by means of direct invasion. Thyroid gland invasion was significantly correlated with thyroid cartilage invasion. Therefore, prophylactic thyroidectomy should not be a part of the treatment policy for these tumors.

  5. A fifteen year experience of total thyroidectomy for the management ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracheostomy was required in 35 (5.8%) patients but none was permanent. Conclusion: Total thyroidectomy is a relatively safe treatment option for patients who have simple multinodular goitre. It provides a permanent cure with a low postoperative morbidity risk. The burden of replacement l-thyroxine needs to be discussed ...

  6. Augmented Local Anaesthesia In Selected Cases Of Thyroidectomy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An augmentation of anaesthesia in 12 selected cases of thyroidectomy in a rural practice is presented. The cases were selected according to well defined criteria. The augmentation involved the use of general anaesthesia with ketarmine hydrochloride and diazepam, at the state of mobilizing the superior poles of the gland.

  7. Vitiligo occurring after thyroidectomy at sites of leprosy lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Anuja

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available A 51-year-old female patient developed vitiligo at the previous sites of treated leprosy immediately after thyroidectomy. A neurological factor in association with thyroid dysfunction is considered as the possible aetiology of vitiligo in this case.

  8. Effects of Thyroidectomy and Thyroxine on Glucose Transport ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thyroid hormone has been known to alter glucose metabolism. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of thyroidectomy and thyroxine on glucose transport in the small intestine. Forty rats were randomly selected into four groups of ten rats. Groups one and two rats were thyroidectomised to make them ...

  9. Safety of thyroidectomy and cervical neck dissection without drains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abboud, Bassam; Sleilaty, Ghassan; Rizk, Habib; Abadjian, Gerard; Ghorra, Claude

    2012-01-01

    Background Many studies have reported that drainage after thyroidectomy does not decrease the rate of local postoperative complications. We sought to review the safety of thyroidectomy combined with cervical neck dissection (CND) without drainage. Methods The medical records of consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy without drainage were retrospectively reviewed. Two groups were defined depending on whether CND was or was not performed. The main outcome was identification of patients with cervical bleeding, hematoma or seroma. Results We included 1127 patients (139 who had CND and 988 who did not). Of these, 207 patients (18%) had transient postoperative hypocalcemia, 9 (0.8%) had permanent postoperative hypoparathyroidism, 56 (5%) had transient postoperative hoarseness and 7 (0.6%) had permanent vocal cord paralysis. A total of 44 patients (4%) experienced postoperative hematoma and/or seroma: 8 patients (6%) who had CND and 36 (4%) who did not. There was no major bleeding in the 2 groups; all patients had minor bleeding or seroma not requiring surgical intervention. The postoperative stay in hospital for both groups was 1 day in 92% of patients. Wound infection occurred in 0.8% of all patients: 1 (0.7%) who had CND and 8 (0.8%) who did not. There was no significant difference between the groups in overall perioperative complications or in time of hospital discharge. Conclusion Thyroidectomy without drains is safe and effective, even in combination with CND. PMID:22449723

  10. Failure to Heal of Thyroidectomy Wound Due to Gossypiboma and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    as silk and catgut (especially plain catgut), hence, these should be taken into consideration when planning surgical procedures. CONCLUSION. In conclusion, gossypiboma should be given a high index of suspicion in the presence of a persistently discharging wound post operation, post-thyroidectomy wound inclusive.

  11. Incidence of early post thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia effect of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background and aims: Early hypocalcaemia is a common complication following thyroid surgery. Objectives: The objectives of this paper are to identify the incidence and fate of early post thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia, and to study its relation to bilateral ligation of the inferior thyroid arteries, to the type of the operation, and ...

  12. Case Report: Emergency partial thyroidectomy under cervical block ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A 75year old male, Nigerian, retired civil servant presented to the Surgical Endocrine Unit of the Olabisi University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria with features of severe acute airway obstruction from advanced thyroid cancer. He was immediately worked up for an emergency partial thyroidectomy within an hour of ...

  13. General and regional anaesthesia for the thyroidectomy in rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion: Regional/local anaesthesia is feasible for some cases of thyroidectomy with a lot of advantages and specifically allows surgeons to converse with the patients during operation -direct laryngeal and other nerve monitoring. Despite advancement in cuff design a lot of lesions still occur from endotracheal ...

  14. Joint Wavelet Video Denoising and Motion Activity Detection in Multimodal Human Activity Analysis: Application to Video-Assisted Bioacoustic/Psychophysiological Monitoring

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    G. V. Papanikolaou

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The current work focuses on the design and implementation of an indoor surveillance application for long-term automated analysis of human activity, in a video-assisted biomedical monitoring system. Video processing is necessary to overcome noise-related problems, caused by suboptimal video capturing conditions, due to poor lighting or even complete darkness during overnight recordings. Modified wavelet-domain spatiotemporal Wiener filtering and motion-detection algorithms are employed to facilitate video enhancement, motion-activity-based indexing and summarization. Structural aspects for validation of the motion detection results are also used. The proposed system has been already deployed in monitoring of long-term abdominal sounds, for surveillance automation, motion-artefacts detection and connection with other psychophysiological parameters. However, it can be used to any video-assisted biomedical monitoring or other surveillance application with similar demands.

  15. Spontaneous regression of an invasive thymoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yutaka, Yojiro; Omasa, Mitsugu; Shikuma, Kei; Okuda, Masato; Taki, Toshihiko

    2009-05-01

    Although there are many reports of spontaneous regression of noninvasive thymoma, there are no reports of spontaneous regression of an invasive thymoma. Moreover, the mechanism of the spontaneous regression is still unknown. The present case concerns a 47-year-old man who presented with chest pain. Computed tomography (CT) showed a large anterior mediastinal mass with left pleural effusion that occluded the innominate vein. The tissue obtained by video-assisted thoracic surgery suggested a diagnosis of invasive thymic carcinoma. One month later CT showed prominent regression of the tumor, and the tumor was completely resected. On pathology, the diagnosis was thymoma type B3.

  16. Post site metastasis of breast cancer after video-assisted thoracic surgery for pulmonary metastasis of breast cancer: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Mee Hyun; Hwang, Ji Young; Hyun, Su Jeong; Lee, Yul; Woo, Ji Young; Yang, Ik; Hong, Hye Sook; Kim, Han Myun [Dept. of Radiology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    We reported a case of port site metastasis in a 57-year-old patient who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) resection of pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer. Port site metastasis after VATS is very rare in patients with breast cancer. However, when suspicious lesions are detected near the port site in patients who have undergone VATS for pulmonary metastasis, port site metastasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis.

  17. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Resection of a Noninvasive Thymoma in a Cat with Myasthenia Gravis Using Low-Pressure Carbon Dioxide Insufflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Maureen A; Sutton, Jessie S; Hunt, Geraldine B; Pypendop, Bruno H; Mayhew, Philipp D

    2016-11-01

    To report the use of low-pressure carbon dioxide insufflation during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for resection of a noninvasive thymoma in a cat with secondary myasthenia gravis. Clinical case report. Client-owned cat. An 11-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was examined for generalized weakness, voice change, hypersalivation, hyporexia, vomiting, coughing, and gagging. Thoracic ultrasound revealed a cranial mediastinal mass for which cytology was consistent with a thymoma (or lymphoid tissue). Acetylcholine receptor antibody concentration was elevated at 3.16 mmol/L (reference interval thymoma with paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis was made and surgical resection of both mediastinal masses was recommended. Video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of the cranial mediastinal mass and sternal lymph node were performed with low-pressure carbon dioxide insufflation maintained at an intrathoracic pressure of 2-3 mmHg. The cat recovered from surgery without serious complications. Nineteen months after surgery, the cat developed hind limb stiffness. Thoracic radiographs ruled out a cranial mediastinal mass or megaesophagus. Acetylcholine receptor antibody concentration remained elevated at 2.72 mmol/L. Low-pressure thoracic insufflation facilitated video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of cranial mediastinal masses in this cat. © Copyright 2016 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  18. Video-Assisted versus Open Lobectomy in Patients with Compromised Lung Function: A Literature Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruoyu Zhang

    Full Text Available It has been suggested that video-assisted (VATS lobectomy is safer than open lobectomy in patients with compromised lung function, but data regarding this are limited. We assessed acute outcomes of VATS compared to open lobectomy in these high-risk patients using a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of data.The databases PubMed and Scopus were searched for studies published between 2000 and 2013 that reported mortality and morbidity of VATS in high-risk lung cancer patients defined as having compromised pulmonary or cardiopulmonary function. Study selection, data collection and critical assessment of the included studies were performed according to the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration.Three case-control studies and three case series that included 330 VATS and 257 open patients were identified for inclusion. Operative mortality, overall morbidity and pulmonary morbidity were 2.5%, 39.3%, 26.2% in VATS patients and 7.8%, 57.5%, 45.5% in open lobectomy group, respectively. VATS lobectomy patients experienced significantly lower pulmonary morbidity (RR = 0.45; 95% CI, 0.30 to 0.67; p = 0.0001, somewhat reduced operative mortality (RR = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.24 to 1.06; p = 0.07, but no significant difference in overall morbidity (RR = 0.68; 95% CI, 0.41 to 1.14; p = 0.14.The existing data suggest that VATS lobectomy is associated with lower risk for pulmonary morbidity compared with open lobectomy in lung cancer patients with compromised lung function.

  19. The feasibility of solo-surgeon living donor nephrectomy: initial experience using video-assisted minilaparotomy surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yong Seung; Jeon, Hwang Gyun; Lee, Seung Ryeol; Jeong, Woo Ju; Yang, Seung Choul; Han, Woong Kyu

    2010-11-01

    Today, many kinds of surgery are being conducted without human assistants. Living donor nephrectomy (LDN) using video-assisted minilaparotomy surgery (VAM) has been performed by solo-surgeon using Unitrac® (Aesculap Surgical Instrument, Germany). We examined the results from VAM-solo-surgeon living donor nephrectomy (SLDN) and conventional VAM-human-assisted living donor nephrectomy (HLDN). Between July 2007 and April 2008, 82 cases of VAM-LDN were performed by two surgeons. From these cases, we randomly assigned 35 cases to undergo solo-surgery (group I) and the other 47 cases to undergo surgery with one human assistant (group II). All VAM-LDN procedures were performed in the same manner. Only the roles of a first assistant were substituted by the Unitrac® in group I. We compared the perioperative and postoperative data, including operative time, estimated blood loss, and hospital stay, between the two groups. We also investigated cases that developed complications. There were no significant differences in the patient demographic data between the two groups (P > 0.05). The mean operative time was 201.9 ± 32.9 min in group I and 202.4 ± 48.3 min in group II (P = 0.954), whereas mean blood loss was 209.7 ± 167.3 ml in group I and 179.6 ± 87.8 ml in group II (P = 0.294). Postoperative hospital stay were 5.4 ± 1.1 days in group I and 5.5 ± 1.6 days in group II (P = 0.813). The incidence of perioperative complications was not significantly different between the two groups. Our study demonstrates that VAM-SLDN can be performed safely, is economically beneficial, and is comparable to VAM-HLDN in terms of postoperative outcomes.

  20. Safety of Completion Thyroidectomy for Initially Misdiagnosed Thyroid Carcinoma

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    Gangiti Kranthikumar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Completion thyroidectomy is defined as the surgical removal of the remnant thyroid tissue following procedures of less than total or near-total thyroidectomy. Whether thyroid reoperations are associated with an increased complication risk is controversial. Objective A retrospective analysis was done of patients undergoing completion thyroidectomy for cancer of the thyroid who had undergone surgery elsewhere for solitary thyroid nodule. The incidence of surgical complications in these patients after reoperation was investigated in this study. Material and methods The study included a total of 53 patients who had undergone thyroid lobectomy for a solitary nodule as initial surgery elsewhere and were referred to our institute for completion thyroidectomy when the histopathology revealed malignancy. Results There were 53 patients, 43 females and 10 males. Their mean age was 34.7±12.12 years (range 19–65 years. After initial surgery, the histopathology revealed papillary carcinoma in 46 patients (86.8%, follicular carcinoma in 7 (13.2%. Fourteen out of 53 patients had recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy after initial surgery (26.4%. None of the patients had clinical hypocalcemia after the first surgery. One or more parathyroid glands were identified and preserved in 52 patients (98.1% in the process of completion thyroidectomy. No patient had additional recurrent nerve injury at the second surgery. The mean serum calcium value preoperatively was 8.96±0.39 mg/dL, and six months after surgery serum calcium was 8.74±0.56 mg/dL. Mean follow-up was 18 months. Transient hypoparathyroidism occurred in 24.5% patients. Five patients were lost to follow-up. Permanent and symptomatic hyperparathyroidism occurred in eight patients (16.67%. Conclusions Completion thyroidectomy is a safe and appropriate option in the management of well-differentiated thyroid cancer. It removes disease on the ipsilateral and contralateral side of the thyroid and

  1. Quality of life and cosmetic result of single-port access endoscopic thyroidectomy via axillary approach in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang JK

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Jian-kang Huang,1 Ling Ma,2 Wen-hua Song,1 Bang-yu Lu,3 Yu-bin Huang,3 Hui-ming Dong1 1Department of Surgical Oncology, 2Department of Gynecologic Tumor, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui, 3Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China Background: Endoscopic thyroidectomy for minimally invasive thyroid surgery has been widely applied in the past decade. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy on the postoperative outcomes and functional parameters, including quality of life and cosmetic result in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC.Patients and methods: Seventy-five patients with PTC who underwent endoscopic thyroidectomy via a single-port access transaxillary approach were included (experimental group. A total of 123 patients with PTC who were subjected to conventional open total thyroidectomy served as the control group. The health-related quality of life and cosmetic and satisfaction outcomes were assessed postoperatively.Results: The mean operation time was significantly increased in the experimental group. The physiological functions and social functions in the two groups were remarkably augmented after 6 months of surgery. However, there was no significant difference in the scores of speech and taste between the two groups at the indicated time of 1 month and 6 months. In addition, the scores for appearance, satisfaction with appearance, role-physical, bodily pain, and general health in the experimental group were better than those in the control group at 1 month and 6 months after surgery.Conclusion: The single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy is safe and feasible for the treatment of patients with PTC. The subjects who underwent this technique have a good perception of their general

  2. Post-thyroidectomy chronic asthenia: self-deception or disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosato, Lodovico; Pacini, Furio; Panier Suffat, Luca; Mondini, Guido; Ginardi, Adriana; Maggio, Maurizio; Bosco, Maria Cristina; Della Pepa, Carlo

    2015-03-01

    There is clinical evidence that post-total thyroidectomy (TT) patients can present persistent asthenia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of asthenia symptoms in such patients, assess whether a chronic asthenia syndrome could be caused by TT or become evident after it. An observational study was carried out comparing two groups of 100 patients each, all with homogeneous characteristics. Group A was treated with total lobectomy (TL), Group B with TT. All patients presented normal thyroid hormone levels. The patients were interviewed in order to identify the ones affected by post-operative asthenia persisting for at least six months, with reduced ability to perform physical and mental work, not showing improvement with rest. The severity of the symptoms has been measured by means of the brief fatigue inventory (BFI). Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate statistically significative differences between groups and prognostic factors in TT group. The incidence of post-operative asthenia was 0 % after TL and 25 % after TT, with the operation being the only significant variable. Asthenia is well known as symptom of post-thyroidectomy, but it has not been adequately investigated as consequence of surgery. We demonstrated that the complete removal of the thyroid gland could determine chronic post-thyroidectomy asthenia, although with intensity limited to low/moderate. Post-thyroidectomy asthenia is a relevant sequela interfering with quality of life of at least 25 % of patients operated, suggesting the need to identify its real causes and limit the indication to TT only when strictly required.

  3. Parathyroid Hormone Measurement in Prediction of Hypocalcaemia following Thyroidectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mehrvarz, S.; Mohebbi, H. A.; Motamedi, M. H. K.; Khatami, S. M.; Reazie, R.; Rasouli, H. R.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To determine the risk of postthyroidectomy hypocalcaemia by measuring parathyroid hormone (PTH) level after thyroidectomy. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from March 2008 to July 2010. Methodology: All included patients were referred for total or near bilateral thyroidectomy. Serum Calcium (Ca) and PTH levels were measured before and 24 hours after surgery. In low Ca cases or development of hypocalcaemia symptoms, daily monitoring of Ca levels were continued. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20 software (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA). A p-value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. To assess the standard value of useful predictive factors, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: Of total 99 patients who underwent bilateral thyroidectomy, 47 patients (47.5%) developed hypocalcaemia, out of them, 12 (25.5%) became symptomatic while 2 patients developed permanent hypoparathyroidism. After surgery, mean rank of PTH level within the normocalcaemic and hypocalcaemic patients was 55.34 and 44.1 respectively, p=0.052. Twenty four hours after surgery, 62% drop in PTH was associated with 83.3% of symptomatic hypocalcaemic. For diagnosis of symptomatic hypocalcaemia, 62% PTH drop had sensitivity and specificity were 83.3% and 90.80%. The area under the ROC curve for the PTH postoperative and PTH drop for diagnostic symptomatic hypocalcaemia were 0.835 and 0.873 respectively. Conclusion: Measuring PTH levels after 24 hours postthyroidectomy is not reliable factor for predicting hypocalcaemia itself. For predicting the risk of hypocalcaemia after thyroidectomy it is more reliable to measure the serum PTH level before and after operation and compare the reduction level of percentage of PTH drop for predicting the risk of hypocalcaemia. (author)

  4. Predictors and risk factors of hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jeong Nam; Park, Won Seo; Min, Sun Young

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy and to determine whether early postoperative serum levels of calcium and phosphorus could be used to predict its development. The study group consisted of 1030 patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy at our institution between March 2008 and July 2014. The clinicopathologic characteristics, indications for the operation, and surgical details of normocalcemic and hypocalcemic patients were compared, and variations in serum calcium and phosphorus levels were measured every day after the operation. Of the 1030 patients, 291 (28.2%) were found to have transient hypocalcemia and 27 (2.6%) had permanent hypocalcemia. On univariate analysis, younger age (P = 0.001), female gender (P hypoparathyroidism, with 92% specificity. Female gender (P = 0.001), extent of CND (P = 0.014), and PTG in permanent pathologic sections (P = 0.035) were found to be significant factors affecting the development of hypocalcemia. Despite some study limitations, we suggest that the relative changes in the serum levels of calcium (20%) and of phosphorus (40%) on the second postoperative day may be reliable predictors of post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism. Copyright © 2016 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. The impact of different surgical procedures on hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kuan-Chen; Iqbal, Usman; Nguyen, Phung-Anh; Hsu, Chung-Huei; Huang, Chen-Ling; Hsu, Yi-Hsin Elsa; Atique, Suleman; Islam, Md. Mohaimenul; Li, Yu-Chuan (Jack); Jian, Wen-Shan

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The main objective of this study is to investigate the outcome between surgical procedures and the risk of development of hypoparathyroidism followed by surgical procedure in patients with thyroid disorders. We analyzed the data acquired from Taiwan's Bureau of National Health Insurance (BNHI) research database from 1998 to 2011 and found 9316 patients with thyroid surgery. Cox regression model was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR). A count of 314 cases (3.4%) of hypoparathyroidism was identified. The 9 years cumulated incidence of hypoparathyroidism was the highest in patient undergone bilateral total thyroidectomy (13.5%) and the lowest in the patient with unilateral subtotal thyroidectomy (1.2%). However, in the patients who had undergone unilateral subtotal, the risk was the highest in bilateral total (HR: 11.86), followed by radical thyroidectomy with unilateral neck lymph node dissection (HR: 8.56), unilateral total (HR, 4.39), and one side total and another side subtotal (HR: 2.80). The extent of thyroid resection determined the risk of development of hypoparathyroidism. It is suggested that the association of these factors is investigated in future studies. PMID:29068988

  6. Development of a checklist in risk management in thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardal-Refoyo, José Luis; Cuello-Azcárate, Jesús Javier; Santiago-Peña, Luis Francisco

    2014-11-01

    Communication failures may result in inadequate treatment and patient harm, and are among the most common causes of sentinel events. Checklists are part of cycles to improve quality of the care process, promote communication between professionals involved in the different stages, help detect failures and risks, and increase patient safety. The lack of checklists at each stage was identified as a factor contributing to communication failures. To design checklists at different stages of the thyroidectomy care process to improve the communication between the professionals involved. Multidisciplinary working team consisting of specialists in otolaryngology, anesthesiology, and endocrinology. The process of thyroidectomy was divided into three stages (preoperative -A-, operative -B- and postoperative -C-). Potential safety incidents and failures at each stage and their contributing factors (causes) were identified by literature review and brainstorming. Checklists for each checkpoint were designed by consensus of the working group. The items correspond to factors contributing to the occurrence of incidents in the perioperative stage of thyroidectomy related to patients, technological equipment, environment, management, and organization. Lists of items should be checked by the appropriate specialist in each stage. Checklists in thyroid surgery are tools that allow for testing at different checkpoints data related to factors contributing to the occurrence of failures at each stage of the care process. Copyright © 2014 SEEN. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  7. Parathyroid function following total thyroidectomy using energy devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciftci, Fatih; Sakalli, Erdal; Abdurrahman, Ibrahim; Guler, Burak

    2016-07-01

    LigaSure precise (LP) and harmonic scalpel (HS) are two energy-based devices used in thyroidectomy surgery. We aimed to compare the effect of these two devices in patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy, by highlighting the post-operative parathyroid function. A total of 201 consecutive patients for whom total thyroidectomy had been planned were prospectively classified into two groups. There were 104 patients in LP group and 97 patients in HS group. Hypoparathyroidism was followed up by serially measuring the levels of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and serum calcium. The early iPTH level was 29 (8-50) pg/mL in group LP, and 17 (4-43) pg/mL in group HS. The early iPTH level was significantly lower in the HS group (p parathyroid hormone levels impaired in the HS group more than LP group in the early period, these levels were in the normal limits in both groups. These levels were not significant between groups in the long time period.

  8. Defining competencies for safe thyroidectomy: An international Delphi consensus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madani, Amin; Watanabe, Yusuke; Vassiliou, Melina; Feldman, Liane S; Duh, Quan-Yang; Singer, Michael C; Ruan, Daniel T; Tabah, Roger; Mitmaker, Elliot

    2016-01-01

    Current methods for teaching and assessing competencies that characterize expert intraoperative performance are inconsistent, subjective, and lack standardization. This mixed-methods study was designed to define and establish expert consensus on the most important competencies required to perform a thyroidectomy safely. Cognitive task analyses for thyroidectomy were performed with semistructured interviews of experts in thyroid surgery. Verbal data were transcribed verbatim, coded, and categorized according to themes that were synthesized into a list of items. Once qualitative data reached saturation, 26 experts were invited to complete 2-round online Delphi surveys to rank each item on a Likert scale of importance (1-7). Consensus was predefined as a Cronbach's α ≥ 0.80. Sixty items were synthesized from 5 interviews and categorized into 8 sections: preparation (n = 8), incision/exposure (n = 11), general considerations (n = 4), middle thyroid vein (n = 1), superior pole (n = 5), inferior pole (n = 5), posterolateral dissection (n = 19), and closure (n = 7). Eighteen (69%) experts from 3 countries participated in the Delphi survey. Consensus was achieved after 2 voting rounds (Cronbach's α = 0.95). Greatest weighted sections included "Superior Pole Dissection" and "Posterolateral Dissection." Consensus was achieved on defining the most important competencies for safe thyroidectomy. This blueprint serves as the basis for instructional design and objective assessment tools to evaluate performance. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. A risk score to predict the incidence of prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: An analysis from the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pompili, Cecilia; Falcoz, Pierre Emmanuel; Salati, Michele; Szanto, Zalan; Brunelli, Alessandro

    2017-04-01

    The study objective was to develop an aggregate risk score for predicting the occurrence of prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy from patients registered in the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. A total of 5069 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (July 2007 to August 2015) were analyzed. Exclusion criteria included sublobar resections or pneumonectomies, lung resection associated with chest wall or diaphragm resections, sleeve resections, and need for postoperative assisted mechanical ventilation. Prolonged air leak was defined as an air leak more than 5 days. Several baseline and surgical variables were tested for a possible association with prolonged air leak using univariable and logistic regression analyses, determined by bootstrap resampling. Predictors were proportionally weighed according to their regression estimates (assigning 1 point to the smallest coefficient). Prolonged air leak was observed in 504 patients (9.9%). Three variables were found associated with prolonged air leak after logistic regression: male gender (P classes with an incremental risk of prolonged air leak (P class A (score 0 points, 1493 patients) 6.3% with prolonged air leak, class B (score 1 point, 2240 patients) 10% with prolonged air leak, class C (score 2 points, 1219 patients) 13% with prolonged air leak, and class D (score >2 points, 117 patients) 25% with prolonged air leak. An aggregate risk score was created to stratify the incidence of prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy. The score can be used for patient counseling and to identify those patients who can benefit from additional intraoperative preventative measures. Copyright © 2016 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Aesthetic principles access thyroidectomy produces the best cosmetic outcomes as assessed using the patient and observer scar assessment scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiao; Xia, Qi-Jun; Li, Guojun; Wang, Tian-Xiao; Li, Qin

    2017-09-18

    Thyroid carcinoma (TC) is more likely to occur in young women. The aim of this study was to compare the aesthetic effect of different thyroidectomies. One hundred twenty female patients who underwent thyroidectomy were evenly distributed into three groups: conventional access (CA), aesthetic principles access (APA) and minimally invasive access (MIA). The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) was used as the assessment tool for the linear scar. The patients in the MIA group showed significantly less intraoperative blood loss, less drainage, a shorter scar length and a shorter duration of drainage than those in the CA group and the APA group. However, the operation time of 129.0 min in the MIA group was significantly longer than the 79.6 min in the CA group and the 77.0 min in the APA group. The best aesthetic score, as assessed by the Observer Scar Assessment Scale (OSAS), was obtained in the APA group. The Patient Scar Assessment Scale (PSAS) scores were significantly lower in the APA group and CA group than in the MIA group. Significantly lower objective scar ratings were found in the APA group than in the other two groups. These results show that APA produced the best surgical outcomes in TC patients, indicating that conventional thyroidectomy can produce an ideal aesthetic result using the principles of aesthetic surgery. Thyroid surgery need not be performed through excessively short incisions for the sake of patient satisfaction with the scar's appearance. This clinical trial was retrospectively registered on ClinicalTrials.gov PRS on August 1st,2017 ( NCT03239769 ).

  11. Transition from thoracotomy to uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery in non-small cell lung cancer-the Oslo experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aamodt, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    Thoracoscopic surgery has been applied in medicine for more than 100 years. Still it is only within the last decade that it has gained momentum as a method in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) surgery. Several approaches have been published, one of the more resent being uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). In this article we describe the transition from thoracotomy to uniportal VATS in our institution, the last step to uniportal VATS exemplified with two cases performed during our masterclass held in May 2016.

  12. [Value of total thyroidectomy in amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dariel, M P; Hervé, S; Chollet, O; Leyral, H; Perrier, E; Carlioz, R; Gouteyron, J F

    2001-09-01

    The potential severity of amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism, particularly in severe cardiopathy cases, necessitates a regular clinic and biologic thyroid control. The break in amiodarone and a medical treatment (synthetic antithyroid drugs, steroids, perchlorate of potassium) can be ineffective. The authors report the case of a patient with an right ventricle arythmogenic dysplasia, without thyroid history, who came back 3 years after the introducing of amiodarone with major hyperthyroidism. After failure of medical treatment, a total thyroidectomy permitted to quickly stop hyperthyroidism and to early reintroduce amiodarone. Surgery seems to be the radical treatment when hyperthyroidism doesn't respond to the medical treatment and when the cardiopathy requires amiodarone.

  13. Post-thyroidectomy iatrogenic Horner's syndrome with heterochromia

    OpenAIRE

    Ulusoy, Mahmut O?uz; K?van?, Serta? Argun; Atakan, Mehmet; Mayal?, H?seyin

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To present a case of iatrogenic Horner's syndrome seen together with the heterochromia in the post-thyroidectomy period. Methods: A 23-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic with complaints of low vision in the eye and difference in eye color that developed over the past two years. In the left eye, myosis and minimal ptosis (∼1 mm) was detected, and the color of the iris was lighter than the right eye. Results: The pre-diagnosis of left iatrogenic Horner's syndrome ...

  14. Post-thyroidectomy iatrogenic Horner's syndrome with heterochromia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulusoy, Mahmut Oğuz; Kıvanç, Sertaç Argun; Atakan, Mehmet; Mayalı, Hüseyin

    2016-03-01

    To present a case of iatrogenic Horner's syndrome seen together with the heterochromia in the post-thyroidectomy period. A 23-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic with complaints of low vision in the eye and difference in eye color that developed over the past two years. In the left eye, myosis and minimal ptosis (∼1 mm) was detected, and the color of the iris was lighter than the right eye. The pre-diagnosis of left iatrogenic Horner's syndrome was finalized after 0.5% topical apraclonidine test. Heterochromia can be observed in iatrogenic Horner's syndrome.

  15. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy and resection of a giant thymoma in a patient witness of Jehova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Wu, Ching Feng; de la Torre, Mercedes

    2017-06-01

    A rare case of a giant thymoma in a patient witness of Jehova treated by single port thoracoscopic resection is reported. A 78-year-old man with chest pain and mild dyspnea had been previously diagnosed with giant thymoma went to our hospital and asked for second opinion of operation. Computed tomography showed a 12.5 cm × 9.5 cm × 10 cm mass in the anterior mediastinum. Under the request of this patient, he is only willing to receive minimal invasive surgery without blood transfusion. Thirty-six hours after surgical resection, the patient safely discharged from our hospital without complication. Pathological diagnosis indicated a thymoma without capsular invasion, and a diagnosis of Masaoka stage I thymoma was made. Giant mediastinal thymoma is not rare, but how to perform minimal invasive surgery without complication and blood transfusion is a great challenge even for an experienced surgeon.

  16. Cirurgia cardíaca videoassistida: 6 anos de experiência Video-assisted cardiac surgery: 6 years of experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeronimo Antonio Fortunato Júnior

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A cirurgia cardíaca minimamente invasiva e videoassistida (CCVA tem aumentado em popularidade nos últimos 15 anos. As pequenas incisões têm sido associadas a um bom efeito estético e menor trauma cirúrgico, consequentemente, menor dor e rápida recuperação pós-operatória. OBJETIVOS: Apresentar nossa casuística com CCVA, após 6 anos de uso do método. MÉTODOS: Cento e trinta e seis pacientes foram submetidos à CCVA, após consentimento escrito, entre setembro de 2005 e outubro de 2011, sendo 50% do sexo masculino, com idade de 47,8 ± 15,4 anos, divididos em dois grupos: com circulação extracorpórea (CEC (GcCEC=105 pacientes: valvopatia mitral (47/105, valvopatia aórtica (39/105 e cardiopatia congênita (19/105 e sem CEC (GsCEC=31 pacientes: ressincronização cardíaca (18/31, tumor cardíaco (4/31 e revascularização miocárdica minimamente invasiva (6/31. No GcCEC, foi realizada minitoracotomia direita (3 a 5 cm e acesso femoral para canulação periférica. RESULTADOS: No GcCEC, a média de dias em UTI (DUTI e de internação hospitalar (DH foi, respectivamente, 2,4 ± 4,5 dias e 5,0 ± 6,8 dias. Doze pacientes apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório e cinco (4,8% foram a óbito. Noventa e três (88,6% pacientes evoluíram sem intercorrências, foram extubados no centro cirúrgico, permanecendo 1,8 ± 0,9 DUTI e 3,6 ± 1,3 DH. No GsCEC, foram 1,3 ± 0,7 DUTI e 2,9 ± 1,4 DH, sem intercorrências ou óbitos. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados encontrados nesta casuística são comparáveis aos da literatura mundial e confirmam o método como opção à técnica convencional.INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive and video-assisted cardiac surgery (VACS has increased in popularity over the past 15 years. The small incisions have been associated with a good aesthetic effect and less surgical trauma, therefore less postoperative pain and rapid recovery. OBJECTIVES: To present our series with VACS, after 6 years of use of

  17. Endoscope-assisted transoral thyroidectomy using a frenotomy incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Seung Hoon

    2014-05-01

    Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES(®); American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy [Oak Brook, IL] and Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons [Los Angeles, CA]) has generated excitement among surgeons as potentially scar-free surgery. We developed this technique while taking into consideration that it could also be applied to transoral thyroid surgery. We report the case of a 35-year-old woman with a 0.5×0.5-cm papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. We implemented a modified approach for the removal of the thyroid by using a frenotomy incision of the mouth, accompanied by an endoscope system. A modified approach for the removal of the thyroid was used on the patient. The total operating time was 120 minutes, and there were no specific complications. The patient continues to be free of any diseases 12 months after the excision. Thyroidectomy can be performed by a transoral endoscope-assisted approach through a frenotomy incision of the mouth. We describe the detailed procedures for an endoscope-assisted transoral thyroidectomy using a frenotomy incision.

  18. Total thyroidectomy with ultrasonic dissector for cancer: multicentric experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cirocchi Roberto

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We conducted an observational multicentric clinical study on a cohort of patients undergoing thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of the use of ultrasonic dissector (UAS vs. the use of a conventional technique (vessel clamp and tie in patients undergoing thyroid surgery for cancer. Methods From June 2009 to May 2010 we evaluated 321 consecutive patients electively admitted to undergo total thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma. The first 201 patients (89 males, 112 females presenting to our Department underwent thyroidectomy with the use of UAS while the following 120 patients (54 males, 66 females underwent thyroidectomy performed with a conventional technique (CT: vessel clamp and tie. Results The operative time (mean: 75 min in UAS vs. 113 min in CT, range: 54 to 120 min in UAS vs. 68 to 173 min in CT was much shorter in the group of thyroidectomies performed with UAS. The incidence of transient laryngeal nerve palsy (UAS 3/201 patients (1.49%; CT 1/120 patients (0.83% was higher in the group of UAS; the incidence of permanent laryngeal nerve palsy was similar in the two groups (UAS 2/201 patients (0.99% vs. CT 2/120 patients (1.66%. The incidence of transient hypocalcaemia (UAS 17/201 patients (8.4% vs. CT 9/120 patients (7.5% was higher in the UAS group; no relevant differences were reported in the incidence of permanent hypocalcaemia in the two groups (UAS 5/201 patients (2.48% vs. 2/120 patients (1.66%. Also the average postoperative length of stay was similar in two groups (2 days. Conclusion The only significant advantage proved by this study is represented by the cost-effectiveness (reduction of the usage of operating room for patients treated with UAS, secondary to the significant reduction of the operative time. The analysis failed to show any advantages in terms of postoperative transient complications in the group of patients treated with ultrasonic

  19. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic right upper sleeve lobectomy and tracheoplasty in a 10-year-old patient

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Marin, Jessica Correa; Granados, Juan Pablo Ovalle; Llano, Juan David Urrea; Cañas, Sonia Roque; Arqueta, Alonso Oviedo; de la Torre, Mercedes

    2016-01-01

    Tracheobronchial pediatric tumors are very rare and procedures like pneumonectomy are seldomly indicated due to the associated morbidity. If a surgical approach is considered, the ideal oncological technique would be the minimally invasive sleeve resection, allowing preservation of lung parenchyma (very important in pediatric patients). Here we present the first report of a thoracoscopic right upper tracheo-bronchial sleeve lobectomy in a pediatric patient. A 10-year-old female patient, who r...

  20. [Treatment-refractory-dental-extraction-associated pyothorax involving infection by 2 species of oral originated bacteria requires surgical debridement by video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Kammei; Matsuo, Kiyoshi; Yonei, Toshiro; Sato, Toshio

    2008-09-01

    Cases of septic pulmonary embolism (SPE) diagnosed clinically by CT after dental extraction rarely include verification of bacteria from the local infection site. We report the case of a 70-year-old man without background disease suffering severe pyothrax after dental extraction. We detected two species of oral bacteria from his pleural effusion. Treatment was so difficult that it required surgical debridement by video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), even after the appropriate administration of antibiotics. According to the American Heart Association (AHA) prophylaxis guidelines for preventing infective endocarditis indicate that it is uncommon to prescribe antibiotics to patients without background disease after dental extraction. No appropriate Japanese guidelines exist considering the prevention of SPE causing severe pyothorax as in our case. The hematogenous spread of bacteria such as SPE caused by sepsis after tooth extraction thus requires more attended careful consideration in clinical practice if patients are to be properly protected against potentially serious complications.

  1. Is video-assisted thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication a widespread technique for diaphragmatic hernia in adults? Review of the literature and results of a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rombolá, Carlos A; Genovés Crespo, Marta; Tárraga López, Pedro J; García Jiménez, María Dolores; Honguero Martínez, Antonio F; León Atance, Pablo; Rodríguez Ortega, Claudia R; Triviño Ramírez, Ana; Rodríguez Montes, José Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Diaphragmatic plication is the most accepted treatment for symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia in adults. The fact that this pathology is infrequent and this procedure not been widespread means that this is an exceptional technique in our field. To estimate its use in the literature, we carried out a review in English and Spanish, to which we added our series. We found only six series that contribute 59 video-assisted mini-thoractomy for diaphragmatic plications in adults, and none in Spanish. Our series will be the second largest with 18 cases. Finally, we conducted a survey in all the Spanish Thoracic Surgery units in Spain: none reported more than 10 cases operated by thoracoscopy in the last 8 years (except our series) and most continue employing thoracotomy as the main approach. We believe that many patients with symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia could benefit from the use of such techniques. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  2. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy is Superior to Standard Computer Tomography of the Thorax for Selection of Patients With Spontaneous Pneumothorax for Bullectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius P. Janssen

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP is a common disease of unknown cause often attributed to rupture of a subpleural bulla or bleb [in this study described as emphysema-like changes (ELC]. Treatment of SP varies from conservative (rest to aggressive (surgery. Patients with bullae >2 cm diameter, found either by chest roentgenogram or during thoracoscopy, are often treated surgically (bullectomy and pleurectomy, or abrasion. Thoracoscopy is frequently used as the method of choice to select patients for surgery. With the recent introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopy (VAT, it is now possible to combine a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. However, to do this general anesthesia and a fully equipped operating theater are needed. Proper selection of patients for this costly and time-consuming procedure is necessary. We evaluated whether standard computed tomography (CT is appropriate for selection of patients with SP who are candidates for surgical intervention.

  3. Effect of tidal volume on extravascular lung water content during one-lung ventilation for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a randomised, controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qutub, Hatem; El-Tahan, Mohamed R; Mowafi, Hany A; El Ghoneimy, Yasser F; Regal, Mohamed A; Al Saflan, AbdulHadi A

    2014-09-01

    The use of low tidal volume during one-lung ventilation (OLV) has been shown to attenuate the incidence of acute lung injury after thoracic surgery. To test the effect of tidal volume during OLV for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery on the extravascular lung water content index (EVLWI). A randomised, double-blind, controlled study. Single university hospital. Thirty-nine patients scheduled for elective video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups (n = 13 per group) to ventilate the dependent lung with a tidal volume of 4, 6 or 8 ml  kg(-1) predicted body weight with I:E ratio of 1:2.5 and PEEP of 5 cm H2O. The primary outcomes were perioperative changes in EVLWI and EVLWI to intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBVI) ratio. Secondary outcomes included haemodynamics, oxygenation indices, incidences of postoperative acute lung injury, atelectasis, pneumonia, morbidity and 30-day mortality. A tidal volume of 4 compared with 6 and 8 ml  kg(-1) after 45 min of OLV resulted in an EVLWI of 4.1 [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.5 to 4.7] compared with 7.7 (95% CI 6.7 to 8.6) and 8.6 (95% CI 7.5 to 9.7) ml  kg(-1), respectively (P tidal volume of 4 ml kg during OLV was associated with less lung water content than with larger tidal volumes of 6 to 8 ml kg(-1), although no patient developed acute lung injury. Further studies are required to address the usefulness of EVLWI as a marker for the development of postoperative acute lung injury after the use of a low tidal volume during OLV in patients undergoing pulmonary resection. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01762709.

  4. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy and resection of a giant thymoma in a patient witness of Jehova

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Wu, Ching Feng; de la Torre, Mercedes

    2017-01-01

    A rare case of a giant thymoma in a patient witness of Jehova treated by single port thoracoscopic resection is reported. A 78-year-old man with chest pain and mild dyspnea had been previously diagnosed with giant thymoma went to our hospital and asked for second opinion of operation. Computed tomography showed a 12.5 cm ? 9.5 cm ? 10 cm mass in the anterior mediastinum. Under the request of this patient, he is only willing to receive minimal invasive surgery without blood transfusion. Thirty...

  5. Thyroid hormone therapy following the thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horster, F.A.

    1986-01-01

    Medication with thyroid hormones following total thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma is based on the following principles: 1. The patient is informed about the lifelong necessity of taking a thyroid hormones daily before breakfast. This hormone must be given orally and its bioligical effect is identical with that of the tyhroid hormone secreted by the healthy thyroid gland. 2. The daily dosage of thyroid hormones may be assessed on the basis of the following parameters: a) the patient's clinical euthyroidism, b) suppression of thyrotropic activity, c) unrestricted tolerance of the preparation. 3. The in vitro parameters associated with optimal medication should be within the following ranges: Thyroxine value (TT4 or FT4): above the normal range, triiodothyronine value (TT3 or FT3): within the upper normal range and thyrotropin value (TSH 'ultrasensitive' or TRH-test): suppressed. (orig.) [de

  6. Multicentric evaluation of the impact of central tumour location when comparing rates of N1 upstaging in patients undergoing video-assisted and open surgery for clinical Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Decaluwé, Herbert; Petersen, René Horsleben; Brunelli, Alex

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Large retrospective series have indicated lower rates of cN0 to pN1 nodal upstaging after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) compared with open resections for Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of our multicentre study was to investigate whether the presumed...

  7. Preparation of patients submitted to thyroidectomy with oral glucose solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libiszewski, Michał; Drozda, Rafał; Smigielski, Janusz; Kuzdak, Krzysztof; Kołomecki, Krzysztof

    2012-05-01

    The AIM OF THE STUDY was to determine postoperative insulin-resistance in patients subject to total thyroidectomy, the prevalence of subjective feelings of hunger immediately before surgery, and the incidence of nausea/vomiting after surgery in patients prepared for elective operations by means of oral glucose solutions. The study group comprised 115 patients, including 71 patients prepared for surgery by means of oral glucose solutions (12.5% glucose) administered 12 and 3 hours before the procedure, at a dose of 800 and 400 ml. The control group comprised 44 patients prepared for surgery by means of the traditional manner- the last meal was served before 2pm the day before the surgical procedure, while fluids before 10pm. Considering both groups, we evaluated glucose and insulin levels three times, as well as determined the insulin-resistance ratio (HOMA-IR) 24 before, and 12 hours and 7 days after surgery. The incidence of nausea and vomiting after surgery, and the subjective feeling of hunger before surgery were also evaluated. Statistically significant differences considering insulin level and HOMA-IR values were observed during the II and III measurements. The glucose and insulin values, and the HOMA-IR insulin-resistance ratio, showed no statistically significant differences during measurement I. No statistically significant glucose level differences were observed during measurements II and III. A significantly greater subjective feeling of hunger before surgery and nausea/vomiting afterwards were observed in the control group. The preparation of patients with oral glucose solutions decreases the incidence of postoperative (thyroidectomy) insulin-resistance, and occurrence of nausea/vomiting during the postoperative period.

  8. [Risk factors of hypoparathyroidism following total or near total thyroidectomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, T X; Yu, W B; Ma, X; Song, Y T; Zhang, N S

    2016-03-01

    To study the risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism or hypocalcemia. Totally 414 patients with thyroid diseases who underwent total or near total thyroidectomy at Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute from June 2007 to June 2014 were studied retrospectively. There were 119 male and 295 female patients with a median age of 47 years. The clinical and pathological features that related to post-operative hypoparathyroidism were studied by χ(2) test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Of the 414 patients, 36.2% developed transient hypocalcemia, 36.5% developed transient hypoparathyroidism, 2.2% developed permanent hypoparathyroidism. In regression analysis, unilateral or bilateral center lymph node dissection were associated with mild transient hypocalcemia after surgery (OR=2.366, P=0.022; OR=5.216, P=0.000); unilateral or bilateral center lymph node dissection as well as surgical options were significant risk factors for severe transient hypocalcemia (OR=4.029, P=0.001; OR=8.384, P=0.000; OR=2.073, P=0.017) and hypoparathyroidism (OR=1.755, P=0.040; OR=4.144, P=0.000; OR=2.287, P=0.000). The parathyroid hormone concentration on postoperative day 1 was an independent risk factor for permanent hypoparathyroidism (OR=2.011, P=0.014). The concentration of parathyroid hormone threshold hypoparathyroidism with accuracy of 95.0%. Bilateral center lymph node dissection is a risk factor of permanent hypoparathyroidism in patients received total thyroidectomy should be taken thoughtfully. The parathyroid hormone concentration on postoperative day 1 provides better prediction for persistent hypoparathyroidism.

  9. One-hour PTH after thyroidectomy predicts symptomatic hypocalcemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Michael G; James, Benjamin C; Nocon, Cheryl; Nagar, Sapna; Kaplan, Edwin L; Angelos, Peter; Grogan, Raymon H

    2016-04-01

    A major morbidity after total thyroidectomy is hypocalcemia. Although many clinical factors and laboratory studies have been correlated with both biochemical and symptomatic hypocalcemia, the ideal use and timing of these tests remain unclear. We hypothesize 1-h (PACU) parathyroid hormone (PTH) will identify patients at risk for symptomatic hypocalcemia. This prospective study evaluated 196 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. Serum calcium and PTH levels were measured 1 h after surgery and on postoperative day 1 (POD1). Performance of a central compartment lymph node dissection, parathyroid autotransplantation, indication for procedure, pathology, and presence of parathyroid tissue in the pathology specimen were recorded. Of 196 patients, nine (4.6%) developed symptomatic hypocalcemia. Thirty four (17.3%) had a 1-h PACU PTH ≤10 pg/dL, whereas 31 (15.8%) had a POD1 PTH of ≤10. Five (56%) of the nine symptomatic patients underwent central compartment lymph node dissection, four (44%) had parathyroid autotransplantation, and four (44%) had a PACU PTH ≤10. PACU and POD1 PTH levels were correlated (R(2) = 0.682). Multivariate regression identified central compartment dissection, autotransplantation, and PACU or POD1 PTH correlated with symptomatic hypocalcemia. PACU PTH, POD1 PTH, PACU Ca, malignant final pathology, and age ≤45 y correlated with biochemical hypocalcemia. A 1-h postoperative PACU PTH is equivalent to POD1 PTH in predicting the development of symptomatic hypocalcemia. Biochemical hypocalcemia was not predictive of symptoms in the immediate postoperative period. Lymph node dissection and parathyroid autotransplantation correlated with symptomatic hypocalcemia and improve the sensitivity of biochemical screening alone. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Toxic nodular goiter and cancer: a compelling case for thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, J Joshua; Chen, Xi; Schneider, David F; Nookala, Ratnam; Broome, James T; Sippel, Rebecca S; Chen, Herbert; Solorzano, Carmen C

    2013-04-01

    Recent American Thyroid Association guidelines call for thyroidectomy or (131)I (Recommendation 31) in managing hyperthyroidism due to toxic nodular goiter (TNG). Concern for concomitant malignancy favors surgery. A 3 % thyroid cancer incidence in TNG patients has been reported, yet recent studies suggest this rate is underestimated. This multi-institutional study examined cancer incidence in TNG patients referred to surgery. Patients referred for thyroidectomy at three tertiary-care institutions were included (2002-2011). Patients with concurrent indeterminate or malignant diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) were excluded. Cancer incidence in TNG patients was determined. Fisher's exact and chi-square tests and nonparametric t tests were used. Among 2,551 surgically treated patients, 164 had TNG (6.4 %). Median age at presentation was 49.7 years, and 86 % were female. Overall cancer incidence was 18.3 % (30 of 164), and rates were not significantly different between institutions. A significantly greater cancer rate was noted in toxic multinodular goiter versus single toxic nodule patients (21 vs. 4.5 %, P  0.05). No significant cancer association was noted with age, preoperative dominant nodule size, lymphocytic thyroiditis or preoperative FNA (P > 0.05). These data demonstrate a higher than expected incidental cancer rate in TNG patients compared to historical reports (18.3 vs. 3 %). This higher cancer incidence may alter the risk/benefit analysis regarding TNG treatment. This information should be provided to TNG patients before decision making regarding treatment.

  11. [Effect of thyroidectomy on the growth of the adult rat and on weight recovery after fasting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canguilhem, B; Lachambre, A

    1975-01-01

    After thyroidectomy, the growth of adult male rats is almost completely arrested. Body weight regulation is still present, but its decreased: actually, after fasting, thyroidectomized animals do not increase their daily food intake.

  12. Thyrocalcitonin: its importance on the regulation of the plasmatic levels in total thyroidectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fridman, J.

    1975-01-01

    Effect of thyrocalcitonin ou calcium and blood phosphorus is studied. Twelve patients with adenocarcinoma of the thyroid, previously submited to total thyroidectomy and complementary radioiodine theraphy, are studied [pt

  13. The Efficacy of Thyrotropin Suppression Therapy in Treatment of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer after Total Thyroidectomy

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    Abo-Touk Niveen A.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the effect of the TSH suppression on both disease-free and overall survivals in patients with nonmetastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC after total thyroidectomy.

  14. Short and long-term impact of parathyroid autotransplantation on parathyroid function after total thyroidectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Robert; Sywak, Mark

    2017-01-01

    The most common complication of total thyroidectomy is parathyroid insufficiency. Acute, transient, post-operative hypoparathyroidism increases length of hospitalization, morbidity and cost associated with total thyroidectomy. While permanent hypoparathyroidism poses a significant medical burden with lifetime medication, regular follow up and considerable disease burden related to chronic renal failure and other sequelae. Parathyroid autotransplantation has been demonstrated to result in biochemically functional grafts, leading to the procedures’ common use during total thyroidectomy. The clearest indications for parathyroid auto transplantation are inadvertently removed or devascularized parathyroid glands. Some centers utilize routine autotransplantation to reduce the risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism. Novel fluorescence techniques to aid in parathyroid detection during thyroid surgery are under evaluation. This review aims to define the role and impact of parathyroid autotransplantation undertaken during total thyroidectomy. PMID:29322025

  15. Cirugía torácica videoasistida en la terapia de resincronización cardíaca Video-assisted thoracic surgery used in the cardiac re-synchronizartion therapy

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    Edelberto Fuentes Valdés

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el primer caso de terapia de resincronización cardíaca (TRC intervenido en el Hospital «Hermanos Ameijeiras» mediante técnica de cirugía torácica videoasistida. El paciente es un hombre de 67 años de edad, que presenta una miocardiopatía dilatada con disfunción sistólica ventricular izquierda grave. Al ingreso presentaba cuadro clínico de insuficiencia cardíaca avanzada, por lo que se consideró la indicación de TRC. Tras el fallo de la técnica percutánea para la colocación de un electrodo en una vena epicárdica del ventrículo izquierdo, se decidió el acceso quirúrgico de mínima invasión. El implante del electrodo epicárdico mediante cirugía torácica videoasistida fue un procedimiento seguro sin complicaciones transoperatorias ni posoperatorias. Hasta donde conocemos, esta es la primera ocasión en que se utiliza la videotoracoscopia en Cirugía Cardiovascular en Cuba.This is the first case of cardiac re-synchronization therapy (CRT operated on the "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical Surgical Hospital using video-assisted thoracic surgery. Patient is a man aged 67 presenting with a dilated myocardiopathy with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. At admission he showed a clinical picture of advanced cardiac insufficiency, thus, we considered the prescription of a CRT. After the failure of the percutaneous therapy for placing a electrode in a epicardiac vein of left ventricle, we decide the minimal invasive surgical approach. The epicardiac electrode implantation by thoracic surgery was a safe procedure without transoperative and postoperative complications. We have knowledge that this is the first time that a video-thoracoscopy in Cardiovascular Surgery is performed in Cuba.

  16. Preoperative risk factors in total thyroidectomy of substernal goiter

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    Bove A

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Aldo Bove, Raffaella Maria Di Renzo, Gauro D’Urbano, Manuela Bellobono, Vincenzo D’ Addetta, Alfonso Lapergola, Giuseppe Bongarzoni Department of Medicine, Dentistry and Biotechnology, University “G. d’Annunzio” Chieti-Pescara, Chieti Scalo, Italy Abstract: The definition of substernal goiter (SG is based on variable criteria leading to a considerable variation in the reported incidence (from 0.2% to 45%. The peri- and postoperative complications are higher in total thyroidectomy (TT for SG than that for cervical goiter. The aim of this study was to evaluate the preoperative risk factors associated with postoperative complications. From 2002 to 2014, 142 (8.5%; 98 women and 44 men of the 1690 patients who underwent TT had a SG. We retrospectively evaluated the following parameters: sex, age, histology, pre- and retrovascular position, recurrence, and extension beyond the carina. These parameters were then related to the postoperative complications: seroma/hematoma, transient and permanent hypocalcemia, transient and permanent laryngeal nerve palsy, and the length of surgery. The results were further compared with a control group of 120 patients operated on in the same period with TT for cervical goiter. All but two procedures were terminated via cervicotomy, where partial sternotomies were required. No perioperative mortality was observed. Results of the statistical analysis (Student’s t-test and Fisher’s exact test indicated an association between recurrence and extension beyond the carina with all postoperative complications. The group that underwent TT of SG showed a statistically significant higher risk for transient hypocalcemia (relative risk =1.767 with 95% confidence interval: 1.131–2.7605, P=0.0124, and need to treat =7.1 and a trend toward significance for transient recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (relative risk =6.7806 with 95% confidence interval: 0.8577–53.2898, P=0.0696, and need to treat =20.8 compared to the

  17. Thyroglobulin and metastases after thyroidectomy in differentiated thyroid cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trinh Thi Minh Chau; Nguyen Xuan Canh; Nguyen Thi Loc

    2004-01-01

    Full text: Measurement Thyroglobulin (Tg), an iodo-protein specific to the thyroid gland, is very useful to study the pathogenesis, establish the diagnosis and follow the course of thyroid disorders. In thyroid cancer, Tg is a valuable tumor marker for diagnosing, as well as for following-up and evaluating the status of thyroid cancer after surgical and radioiodine therapy. We retrospectively analysed the relation of serum thyroglobulin concentration and the post-surgical status of thyroid in patients with papillary or follicular thyroid cancer. 321 patients who underwent thyroidectomy due to thyroid cancer were included in this study. They were divided into groups such as group-1 (no metastases), group-2 (neck lymph node metastases) and group-3 (distant metastases) as well as subgroup of lung, bone and combined lung and bone metastases. All the patients were asked to stop T4 for 6 weeks and T3 for 2 weeks before performing a whole body scan with 2 mCi of radioiodine-131. Radioimmuno-assay measurement of FT3, FT4, TSH, serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and serum anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) was also done. Mean serum Tg concentration in patients with follicular cancer was higher than that of papillary but there was not statistically significant difference (p>0.05). However, there was a significant difference in mean serum Tg concentration between distal metastases group and no metastases group as well as neck lymph node metastases group (p 0.05). In general, serum Tg concentration was proportionate to the amount of functional thyroid tissue remaining in the neck or metastatic sites in the body. Although conventional diagnostic methods such as ultrasound, X-ray, bone scan were helpful to detect and evaluate the progression of thyroid cancer, but were poor indicators for detecting micro-metastases in early stage. Therefore, it is very important to combine the above-mentioned method with serum Tg measurements. In conclusion serum thyroglobulin measurement was really

  18. A non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve in a man undergoing thyroidectomy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa Daniel

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction A non-recurrent variant of the inferior laryngeal nerve has been seldom reported. These reports are mostly based on cadaveric dissection studies or large chart review studies in which the emphasis is placed on the determination of the frequency of the variation, and not on the clinical appearance of this variant. We graphically describe the intraoperative identification of a non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve. Case Presentation A 44-year old Caucasian man was referred to the Head and Neck Surgery Outpatient Clinic with the diagnosis of a nodular mass in his left thyroid lobe that had been growing for one year. A fine needle aspiration puncture was compatible with thyroid papillary cancer. It was decided that the patient should undergo total thyroidectomy. During surgery, a non-recurrent right inferior laryngeal nerve was noted. This nerve emanated from the right vagus nerve, entering the larynx 3 cm after its origin. The nerve did not show a recurrent course. The nerve on the left side had a normal configuration. The surgery and post-operative period were uneventful, and the patient had no change in his voice. Conclusion This paper allows those interested to become acquainted with the normal intraoperative appearance of a non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve. This will undoubtedly be of significance for all of those performing invasive diagnostic and surgical procedures in the neck and upper thoracic regions, in order to minimize the risk of iatrogenic injury to this nerve. This is of extreme importance, since a unilateral lesion of this nerve may result in permanent hoarseness, and a bilateral lesion may lead to aphonia and life-threatening dyspnea.

  19. Computed tomography guided percutaneous injection of a mixture of lipiodol and methylene blue in rabbit lungs: evaluation of localization ability for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Kwang Nam; Lee, Kyung Won; Kim, Tae Jung; Song, Yong Sub; Kim, Dong Il

    2014-01-01

    Preoperative localization is necessary prior to video assisted thoracoscopic surgery for the detection of small or deeply located lung nodules. We compared the localization ability of a mixture of lipiodol and methylene blue (MLM) (0.6 mL, 1:5) to methylene blue (0.5 mL) in rabbit lungs. CT-guided percutaneous injections were performed in 21 subjects with MLM and methylene blue. We measured the extent of staining on freshly excised lung and evaluated the subjective localization ability with 4 point scales at 6 and 24 hr after injections. For MLM, radio-opacity was evaluated on the fluoroscopy. We considered score 2 (acceptable) or 3 (excellent) as appropriate for localization. The staining extent of MLM was significantly smaller than methylene blue (0.6 vs 1.0 cm, Pmethylene blue (2.8 vs 2.2, P=0.010). Excellent staining was achieved in 17 subjects (81%) with MLM and 8 (38%) with methylene blue (P=0.011). An acceptable or excellent radio-opacity of MLM was found in 13 subjects (62%). An appropriate localization rate of MLM was 100% with the use of the directly visible ability and radio-opacity of MLM. MLM provides a superior pulmonary localization ability over methylene blue.

  20. Developing a scalable training model in global mental health: pilot study of a video-assisted training Program for Generalist Clinicians in Rural Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acharya, B; Tenpa, J; Basnet, M; Hirachan, S; Rimal, P; Choudhury, N; Thapa, P; Citrin, D; Halliday, S; Swar, S B; van Dyke, C; Gauchan, B; Sharma, B; Hung, E; Ekstrand, M

    2017-01-01

    In low- and middle-income countries, mental health training often includes sending few generalist clinicians to specialist-led programs for several weeks. Our objective is to develop and test a video-assisted training model addressing the shortcomings of traditional programs that affect scalability: failing to train all clinicians, disrupting clinical services, and depending on specialists. We implemented the program -video lectures and on-site skills training- for all clinicians at a rural Nepali hospital. We used Wilcoxon signed-rank tests to evaluate pre- and post-test change in knowledge (diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis, and appropriate treatment). We used a series of 'Yes' or 'No' questions to assess attitudes about mental illness, and utilized exact McNemar's test to analyze the proportions of participants who held a specific belief before and after the training. We assessed acceptability and feasibility through key informant interviews and structured feedback. For each topic except depression, there was a statistically significant increase (Δ) in median scores on knowledge questionnaires: Acute Stress Reaction (Δ = 20, p = 0.03), Depression (Δ = 11, p = 0.12), Grief (Δ = 40, p training received high ratings; key informants shared examples and views about the training's positive impact and complementary nature of the program's components. Video lectures and on-site skills training can address the limitations of a conventional training model while being acceptable, feasible, and impactful toward improving knowledge and attitudes of the participants.

  1. [A Comparative Study of Acute and Chronic Pain between Single Port and Triple Port Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery for Lung Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Caiwei; Xu, Meiqing; Xu, Guangwen; Xiong, Ran; Wu, Hanran; Xie, Mingran

    2018-04-20

    Through the comparative analysis of the acute and chronic pain postoperative between the single port and triple port video-assisted thoracic surgery to seek the better method which can reduce the incidence of acute and chronic pain in patients with lung cancer. Data of 232 patients who underwent single port -VATS (n=131) or triple port VATS (n=101) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) on January 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017 in our hospital were analyzed. The clinical and operative data were assessed, numeric rating scale (NRS) was used to evaluate the mean pain score on the 1th, 2th, 3th, 7th, 14th days, 3th months and 6th months postoperative. Both groups were similar in clinical characteristics, there were no perioperative death in two groups. In the 1th, 2th, 7th, 14th days and 3th, 6th months postoperative, the NRS score of the single port group was superior, and the difference was significant compared with the triple port (P0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis of the occurrence on the chronic pain showed that the operation time, surgical procedure and the 14th NRS score were risk factors for chronic pain (Pport thoracoscopic surgery has an advantage in the incidence of acute and chronic pain in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Shorter operative time can reduce the occurrence of chronic pain. The 14th day NRS score is a risk factor for chronic pain postoperative.

  2. Preoperative computed tomography of the chest in lung cancer patients: the predictive value of calcified lymph nodes for the perioperative outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Kwang Nam; Lee, Youkyung; Wi, Jae Yeon [Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Hyeon-Jong; Sung, Yong Won [Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    To determine the predictive value of identifying calcified lymph nodes (LNs) for the perioperative outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Fifty-six consecutive patients who underwent VATS lobectomy for lung cancer were included. We evaluated the number and location of calcified LNs on computed tomography (CT). We investigated clinical parameters, including percentage forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV{sub 1}%), surgery duration, chest tube indwelling duration, and length of hospital stay. We performed linear regression analysis and multiple comparisons of perioperative outcomes. Mean number of calcified LNs per patient was 0.9 (range, 0-6), mostly located in the hilar-interlobar zone (43.8 %). For surgery duration (mean, 5.0 h), FEV{sub 1}% and emphysema severity were independent predictors (P = 0.010 and 0.003, respectively). The number of calcified LNs was an independent predictor for chest tube indwelling duration (P = 0.030) and length of hospital stay (P = 0.046). Mean duration of chest tube indwelling and hospital stay was 8.8 days and 12.7 days in no calcified LN group; 9.2 and 13.2 in 1 calcified LN group; 12.8 and 19.7 in {>=}2 calcified LNs group, respectively. The presence of calcified LNs on CT can help predict more complicated perioperative course following VATS lobectomy. (orig.)

  3. A case of anterior mediastinitis and bilateral multiple lung abscesses occurring after trans-subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy for thymoma with myasthenia gravis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hanlu; Geng, Yingcai; Zheng, Yu; Wang, Yun

    2016-09-01

    A 68-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with an acute episode of chest pain, progressive cough and fever. She underwent trans-subxiphoid video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (TsVATET) for thymoma with myasthenia gravis (MG) 9 days ago. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed anterior mediastinal oedema, and infiltrative findings involved bilateral lung. Physical examination revealed the subxiphoid wound suppuration. We diagnosed subxiphoid incision infection, anterior mediastinitis and concomitant bilateral pneumonia. Using antibiotics intravenously combined with anterior mediastinum irrigation and drainage, she felt well but bilateral multiple lung abscesses were discovered on the 12 th day of hospitalisation. After conservative treatment with antibiotics and wound care, the recovery was satisfactory and she discharged home. In our experience, because the subxiphoid incision, the anterior mediastinum and the bilateral thoracic cavity communicated directly after TsVATET, we should be aware of the risk of anterior mediastinitis, the infection of bilateral pleural cavity, pneumonia and multiple lung abscesses following subxiphoid incision infection.

  4. Evolution of blood magnesium and phosphorus ion levels following thyroidectomy and correlation with total calcium values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre de Andrade Sousa

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Magnesium ion concentration is directly related and phosphorus ion concentration is inversely related to calcemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evolution of magnesium and phosphorus ion levels in patients undergoing thyroidectomy and correlate these with changes to calcium concentration. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study at the Alpha Institute of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. METHODS: The study included 333 patients, of both genders and mean age 45 ± 15 years, who underwent thyroidectomy between 2000 and 2005. Total calcium, phosphorus and magnesium were measured in the blood preoperatively and 24 and 48 hours postoperatively. Ionic changes were evaluated according to the presence or absence of postoperative hypocalcemia. RESULTS: There were statistically significant drops in blood phosphorus levels 24 and 48 hours after thyroidectomy, compared with preoperative values, in the patients without hypocalcemia. In the patients who developed hypocalcemia, there was a significant drop in plasma phosphorus on the first postoperative day and an increase (also statistically significant on the second day, in relation to preoperative phosphorus levels. A significant drop in postoperative magnesium was also observed on the first and second days after thyroidectomy in the patients with hypocalcemia, in relation to preoperative levels. In the patients without hypocalcemia, the drop in magnesium was significant on the first day, but there was no difference on the second day. CONCLUSION: Despite the postoperative changes, neither magnesium nor phosphorus ion levels had any role in post-thyroidectomy calcemia.

  5. Permanent hypoparathyroidism after completion total thyroidectomy as a second surgery: How do we avoid it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Yasuhiro; Kihara, Minoru; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Miya, Akihiro; Miyauchi, Akira

    2014-01-01

    A permanent hypoparathyroidism is a problematic complication of total thyroidectomy. In this study, we investigated its incidence and how to avoid it at the time of completion total thyroidectomy after hemithyroidectomy. Eight of the 154 patients who underwent completion total thyroidectomy as the second surgery (5%) after hemithyroidectomy (two-surgery group) showed a permanent hypothyroidism. Patients without parathyroid autotransplantation either at initial or second surgery were more likely to show a permanent hypoparathyroidism. In the subset of 74 patients in two-surgery group, who underwent bilateral central dissection, 6 (8%) had a permanent hypoparathyroidism. The incidence was higher than those in control group who underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral central dissection at one time, which was 2%. However, all 6 patients showing a permanent hypoparathyroidsm underwent bilateral central dissection in initial surgery and none of the patients who underwent bilateral central dissection in twice had a permanent hypoparathyroidism. Taken together, we can conclude that 1) in initial surgery of hemithyroidectomy, we have to carefully search the parathyroid glands and if dissected, they should retrieved and autotransplanted to save the patients from a permanent hypoparathyroidism when they undergo second surgery in future, and 2) hemithyroidectomy with bilateral central dissection significantly increases the risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism and only ipsilateral dissection is better when we do not perform total thyroidectomy.

  6. Association between decreased serum parathyroid hormone after total thyroidectomy and persistent hypoparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jian-Biao; Sun, Hai-Li; Song, Chun-Yi; Gao, Li

    2015-04-29

    Postoperative hypocalcemia caused by hypoparathyroidism is one of the most common morbidities of total thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze the kinetics and factors affecting PTH levels after total thyroidectomy and central neck dissection (CND). We performed a retrospective study in 438 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy between January 2007 and December 2010. No patient had a history of thyroid or neck surgery. PTH and calcium levels were recorded 1 day before the operation, during the first 5 days, and during follow-up (2 weeks and 2, 6, and 12 months). PTH levels declined to 41.90% of its initial value on the first day after the operation. After surgery, PTH was correlated positively with calcium and inversely with phosphate levels from postoperative day 1 to 14. Based on clinical observation, using a PTH threshold of hypoparathyroidism, with sensitivity and negative predictive value 100%, but poor specificity (70.19%). CND increased the risk of transient hypoparathyroidism compared with total thyroidectomy alone. Patients with thyroiditis had an increased risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism compared with those without thyroiditis. Iatrogenic removal of the parathyroid glands increased the risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism compared with those without iatrogenic parathyroidectomy. PTH declined on the first day after thyroidectomy. PTH levels hypoparathyroidism. CND, thyroiditis, and iatrogenic parathyroidectomy increased the risk of hypoparathyroidism.

  7. Total Thyroidectomy for Amiodarone-induced Thyrotoxicosis in the Hyperthyroid State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaderli, R M; Fahrner, R; Christ, E R; Stettler, C; Fuhrer, J; Martinelli, M; Vogt, A; Seiler, C A

    2016-01-01

    Amiodarone is a potent antiarrhythmic agent, indicated for the treatment of refractory arrhythmias, which may lead to thyrotoxicosis. In these patients, thyroidectomy is a valid therapeutic option. Antithyroid therapy in the immediate preoperative setting and the subsequently accepted minimal delay until thyroidectomy have not been clearly defined yet. The aim of the present study was to show, that total thyroidectomy under general anaesthesia in patients with amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) is safe without necessarily obtaining an euthyroid state preoperatively.We conducted a retrospective cohort study of prospectively gathered data on 11 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy under general anaesthesia between January 2008 and December 2013 for AIT at our University Hospital.All patients were preoperatively treated with carbimazole, steroids and β-receptor antagonists. Additionally, 3 patients received potassium perchlorate and in one patient carbimazole was changed to propylthiouracil. Plasmapheresis was performed in 3 patients. Only one patient was euthyroid at the time of operation. There were no significant intra- and postoperative complications, especially no signs of thyroid storm. One patient could postoperatively be removed from the cardiac transplant waiting list due to improved cardiac function.Improvements in the interdisciplinary surgical management for AIT between cardiologists, endocrinologists, anaesthetists and endocrine surgeons provide the basis of safe total thyroidectomy under general anaesthesia in hyperthyroid state. Early surgery without long delay for medical antithyroid treatment (with its potential negative side effects) is recommended. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Postoperative Complications After Prophylactic Thyroidectomy for Very Young Patients With Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 : Retrospective Cohort Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluijfhout, Wouter P; van Beek, Dirk-Jan; Verrijn Stuart, Annemarie A; Lodewijk, Lutske; Valk, Gerlof D.; van der Zee, David C; Vriens, Menno R; Borel Rinkes, Inne H M

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether younger age at surgery is associated with the increased incidence of postoperative complications after prophylactic thyroidectomy in pediatric patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) 2. The shift toward earlier thyroidectomy has resulted in

  9. Chronic Hypoparathyroidism Due to Partial Thyroidectomy with Intracranial Calcification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya, Indra

    2016-01-01

    A 57 year old female came with the complaint of recurrent headache, often fatigue, and sometimes feel numbs and rigid in her extremities, no other symptom was noted. Her body weight is stable and she was in menopausal state. She had a history of partial thyroidectomy 20 years ago and continues thiamazole 2.5 mg with seldom regular consult to physician. From the physical examination, the patient had a scar from thyroid surgery and other organs were in the normal condition. From laboratory examination, there was slight normocytic normochromic anemia (Hb: 10.7 gr/dL), normal fT4: 1.21 ng/dL (0.7-1.48 ng/dL), slightly low Calcium: 8.3 mg/dL (8.5-10.2 mg/dL), others were within normal limit but there was no Phosphorus level data. She was currently on medication: thiamazole 2.5 mg once daily, CaCO3 500 mg once daily, and alfacalcidol 1 mcg once daily, to prevent the rigid and numbness that she felt before. For further investigation, we performed a PTH test with result of hypoparathyroidism with parathyroid hormone 7 pg/mL (15-65 pg/mL) and brain CT-scan with result there was a symmetrical bilateral calcification in radiate corona, frontal lobes, temporal lobes, basal ganglia, thalamic, and dentate nuclei of cerebelli. There was no data about the histopathology examination of the thyroid tumor because the patient did not keep the data. The mechanism of intracranial calcification in hypoparathyroidism, more often seen in pseudohypoparathyroidism than in idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, has not been completely elucidated. It may be related more to the duration of hypocalcaemia and hyperphosphataemia than parathyroid hormone itself. Hyperphosphataemia promotes ectopic calcification in brain tissue in hypoparathyroidism. Intracranial calcification is one of the features of chronic hypocalcemia, and the calcifications typically involve basal ganglia, thalami, and the cerebellum.

  10. Tetraplegia After Thyroidectomy in a Patient with Cervical Spondylosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Wei; Li, Feng; Guan, Hanfeng

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Cervical spondylosis is degeneration of the cervical spine that occurs during the normal course of aging, and may progress into compression of the spinal cord, or cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), which can cause neurologic dysfunction. Cervical spondylosis can be identified in the majority of people older than 50 years. Many people with cervical spondylosis or CSM are asymptomatic. However, patients with CSM are at higher risk of spinal cord injury (SCI) following minor injury. A 60-year-old woman with asymptomatic cervical spondylosis underwent an elective subtotal thyroidectomy for thyroid nodules. After the surgery, she developed tetraplegia. MRI revealed spinal cord compression and injury. Main diagnoses, therapeutics interventions, and outcomes: Acute cervical SCI was diagnosed. After an emergency anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion surgery, she almost completely recovered. Iatrogenic cervical SCI after nonspinal surgeries that requires neck hyperextension is rarely reported, probably due to underdiagnosis and underreport. Among the 14 cases (including ours) published in the literature, most patients had cervical spondylosis and were senior men. Five patients had diabetes. Four patients had long-term hemodialysis. Seven patients had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery that requires prolonged operative time. Only 3 patients had almost complete recovery. Most patients were disabled. Two patients required tracheostomy for long-term ventilator support. Two patients died. These cases reiterate the potential risk of iatrogenic SCI in people with predisposing conditions such as cervical spondylosis, especially considering the rising prevalence and severity of cervical spondylosis caused by the aging of the population and modern sedentary lifestyle. Surgeries requiring prolonged neck hyperextension put patients with cervical spondylosis at risk for SCI. Failure to recognize the potential occurrence of iatrogenic SCI might endanger patients

  11. Features of Mineral Metabolism Disorders in Patients with Multinodular Goiter after Thyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Ya. Kashperska

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The features of calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone and vitamin D indexes in patients with multinodular non-toxic goiter after thyroidectomy are presented in the article. It is found that age over 60 years, greater thyroid volume, lower 25(ОНD level before surgery, decline of parathyroid hormone level after surgery are the basic parameters that influence the development of hypocalcemia in patients with multinodular goiter after thyroidectomy. The level of 25(OHD below 20 ng/ml should be regarded as a specific and sensitive preoperative predictor of hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy, as well as persistent hypoparathyroidism. The level of parathyroid hormone after surgery below 10 pg/ml can be considered as a predictor of these conditions.

  12. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Pediatric Empyema by Two-Port Technique: A Single-Center Experience with 167 Consecutive Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parelkar, Sandesh V.; Patil, Shalil H.; Sanghvi, Beejal V.; Gupta, Rahul Kumar; Mhaskar, Satej S.; Shah, Rujuta S.; Tiwari, Pooja; Pawar, Arjun A.

    2017-01-01

    Background/Purpose: The aim of our study is to determine efficacy, safety, and feasibility of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in childhood empyema with a technique of only two ports and open instruments at a tertiary care center in India. Methods: This is a retrospective study of patients below 18 years, with empyema presenting to the Department of Pediatric Surgery of a Tertiary Care Referral Hospital in India, over a period of 9 years who underwent VATS decortication. Only two ports with open surgical instruments were used. The patients were assessed on the basis of mean duration of preoperative symptoms, duration of surgery, average blood loss, postoperative pain relief, complications, and need for redo surgery. Results: A total of 97 patients underwent primary VATS decortications without inserting an intercostal drainage (ICD) tube and 70 patients as a secondary procedure after ICD tube was inserted. Mean duration of symptoms was 11 days. The average blood loss during surgery was estimated to be 170 cc. The mean duration of surgery was 90 min. The most common postoperative complication was air leak seen in 19.16% of patients. Minor leaks usually settled by 24 h. In eight patients, a negative suction had to be applied to the ICD tube for persistent air leak. The average length of postoperative stay was 4 days. Two patients required a repeat open decortication procedure due to nonresolution of symptoms and poor lung expansion after VATS. Patients had minimal pain and excellent cosmetic outcome after VATS. Conclusion: Two-port VATS decortication procedure is as feasible and effective as three-port procedure for decortication with better cosmetic result and pain relief. PMID:28694571

  13. Perioperative Outcomes and Long-term Survival in Clinically Early-stage Thymic 
Malignancies: Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Thymectomy versus Open Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao WANG

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS theoretically offers advantages over open thymectomy for clinically early-stage (Masaoka-Koga stage I and II thymic malignancies. However, longterm outcomes have not been well studied. We compared the postoperative outcomes and survival from a cohort study based on the database of the Chinese Alliance for Research in Thymomas (ChART. Methods Between 1994 and 2012, data of 1,117 patients having surgery for clinically early-stage (Masaoka-Koga stage I and II tumors were enrolled for the study. Among them, 241 cases underwent VATS thymectomy (VATS group, while 876 cases underwent open thymectomy (Open group. Univariate analyses were used to compare the clinical character and perioperative outcomes between the two groups. And multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent predictive factors for long-term survival. Results Compared with the Open group, the VATS group had higher percentage of total thymectomy (80.5% vs 73.9%, P=0.028, resection rate (98.8% vs 88.7%, P<0.001 and less recurrence (2.9% vs 16.0%, P<0.001. Five-year overall survival was 92% after VATS and 92% after open thymectomy, with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.15. However, 5-year disease free survival were 92% in VATS group and 83% in Open group (P=0.011. Cox proportional hazards model revealed that WHO classification, Masaoka-Koga stage and adjuvant therapy were independent predictive factors for overall survival, while surgical approach had no significant impact on long-term outcome. Conclusion This study suggests that VATS thymectomy is an effective approach for clinically early-stage thymic malignancies. And it may offer better perioperative outcomes, as well as equal oncological survival.

  14. A multi-center retrospective study of single-port versus multi-port video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy and anatomic segmentectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Chunyu; Xiang, Yangwei; Pagliarulo, Vincenzo; Lee, Jangming; Sihoe, Alan D L; Kim, HyunKoo; Zhang, Xuefei; Wang, Zhexin; Zhao, Weigang; Feng, Jian; Fang, Wentao

    2017-10-01

    To assess the feasibility and perioperative outcomes of single-port (SP) and multi-port (MP) approaches for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy and anatomical segmentectomy. Retrospective data from 458 patients who received VATS lobectomy or anatomical segmentectomy at Shanghai Chest Hospital, Korea University Guro Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of National Taiwan University, University of Hong Kong Queen Mary Hospital and Shenzhen Hospital were collected. Patients were divided into SP group and MP group according to the surgical approach. Perioperative factors such as operation time, blood loss during surgery, conversion rate, the number and stations of lymph nodes harvested, postoperative chest tube drainage time, postoperative hospitalization time, perioperative morbidity and mortality, and pain scores during the first 3 days after surgery were compared between the two groups. There were no differences in the number (P=0.278) and stations (P=0.564) of lymph nodes harvested, postoperative morbidity (P=0.414) or mortality(P=0.246), and pain score on the third day (P=0.630) after surgery between the two groups. The SP group had a longer operation time (P=0.042) and greater intraoperative blood loss (P<0.001), but the conversion rate was even higher in the MP group (P=0.018). Patients in the SP group had shorter chest tube removal time (P=0.012) and postoperative hospitalization time (P=0.005). Pain scores were lower on the first (P=0.014) and second (P=0.006) day after surgery in the SP group. SP VATS lobectomy and anatomical segmentectomy is technologically more demanding than MP VATS. It can be safe and feasible in the hands of experienced surgeons, with comparable preoperative outcomes to MP VATS, but less pain in the early postoperative period.

  15. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lung biopsy in the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease: a prospective, multi-center study in 224 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fibla, Juan J; Molins, Laureano; Blanco, Ana; Royo, Iñigo; Martínez Vallina, Primitivo; Martínez, Néstor; García Barajas, Santiago; Gomez, Ana; Estors, Miriam; Moldes, Milagros; Fernández, Esther; Xaubet, Antoni

    2012-03-01

    To evaluate whether the location and number of lung biopsies obtained by video-assisted thoracoscopy (VAT) influence the diagnosis of diffuse interstitial lung disease (ILD). To assess the applicability of an Ambulatory Surgery Program (ASP). Prospective, multicenter study of VAT lung biopsies due to suspected ILD from January 2007 to December 2009, including 224 patients from 13 Spanish centers (mean age 57.1 years; 52.6% females). Data were prospectively collected in every institution and sent to the coordination center for analysis. The most affected areas in high resolution chest CT were the lower lobes (55%). Bronchoscopy was performed in 84% and transbronchial biopsy in 49.1%. In 179 cases (79.9%), more than one biopsy was performed, with a diagnostic agreement of 97.2%. A definitive histopathologic diagnosis was obtained in 195 patients (87%). Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis was the most frequent diagnosis (26%). There were no statistically significant factors that could predict a greater diagnostic yield (neither anatomical location nor number of biopsies). Seventy patients (31.3%) were included in an ASP. After discharge, there were complications in 12 patients (5.4%), similar between patients admitted postoperatively (9/154: 5.8%) and those included in an ASP (3/70: 4.3%). Anatomical location and number of lung biopsy specimens did not seem to influence the diagnosis. The patients included in an ASP had a complication rate comparable to that of the hospitalized, so this procedure can be included in a surgical outpatient program. Lung biopsy obtained by VAT is a powerful and safe tool for diagnosis of suspected ILD, resulting in a definitive diagnosis for the majority of patients with a low morbidity rate. Copyright © 2011 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  16. Presence of pleural adhesions can predict conversion to thoracotomy and postoperative surgical complications in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lung cancer lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shuang-Jiang; Zhou, Kun; Wu, Yan-Ming; Wang, Ming-Ming; Shen, Cheng; Wang, Zhi-Qiang; Che, Guo-Wei; Liu, Lun-Xu

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of our cohort study was to investigate the effects of pleural adhesions on perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We performed a single-center retrospective analysis on the prospectively-maintained dataset at our unit from February 2014 to November 2015. Patients were divided into two groups (Group A: presence of pleural adhesions; Group B: absence of pleural adhesions) according to our grading system of pleural adhesions when entering the chest cavity. Demographic differences in perioperative outcomes between these two groups were initially estimated. A multivariate logistic-regression analysis was then performed to confirm the predictive value of the presence of pleural adhesions. A total of 593 NSCLC patients undergoing VATS lobectomy were enrolled. The conversion and postoperative morbidity rates were 3.2% and 29.2%, respectively. There were 154 patients with pleural adhesions (Group A) and 439 patients without pleural adhesions (Group B). Group A patients had significantly higher rates of conversion to thoracotomy (9.1% vs. 1.1%; Ppleural adhesions was also significantly associated with the prolonged length of chest tube drainage (log-rank Ppleural adhesions was identified as an independent risk factor for conversion to thoracotomy [odds ratio (OR) =5.49; P=0.003] and surgical complications (OR =1.94; P=0.033) by multivariate logistic-regression analyses. Presence of pleural adhesions can predict conversion to thoracotomy and postoperative surgical complications in patients undergoing VATS lobectomy for NSCLC. Our study calls for an internationally accepted grading system for the presence of pleural adhesions to stratify the surgical risk.

  17. The role of thyroidectomy in metastatic disease to the thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero Arenas, Minerva A; Ryu, Haengrang; Lee, Sukhyung; Morris, Lilah F; Grubbs, Elizabeth G; Lee, Jeffrey E; Perrier, Nancy D

    2014-02-01

    Whether thyroidectomy for metastases to the thyroid is associated with a survival benefit remains debatable; in general, palliation and disease control are accepted goals in this setting. We evaluated the clinical features and overall survival of patients with thyroid metastasis treated by thyroid resection or nonoperatively. This retrospective analysis included 90 patients identified with metastasis to the thyroid confirmed pathologically via thyroidectomy (n = 31) or fine-needle aspiration biopsy (n = 59). Overall survival was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between groups were calculated by Pearson's χ (2) coefficient. The most common primary malignancies were renal cell (20%), head and neck (19%), and lung (18%). The median time from primary tumor diagnosis to thyroid metastasis diagnosis was 37.4 months (range 0-210 months). Most metastases (69%) were metachronous, and 12% were isolated. The median follow-up after diagnosis of thyroid metastasis was 11.5 months (range 0-112 months). Median overall survival was longer in thyroidectomy patients compared to the fine-needle aspiration group (34 vs. 11 months, P renal cell primary tumors were more likely to undergo thyroidectomy than patients with other primary tumors (78 vs. 24%, P thyroid metastasis diagnosis, and thyroidectomy was only offered to three patients. Thyroidectomy was safe for selected patients with metastatic disease to the thyroid. Patients with metachronous or renal cell metastasis to the thyroid and whose primary tumor is/was treatable may be appropriate candidates for resection. Lung cancer metastasis to the thyroid is generally an ominous sign.

  18. Total thyroidectomy and parathyroid autotransplantation for radiation-associated thyroid cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paloyan, E. (Veterans Administration Hospital, Hines, IL); Lawrence, A.M.; Brooks, M.H.; Pickleman, J.R.

    1976-07-01

    In seventy patients with nodular thyroids and a history of radiation exposure, total thyroidectomy disclosed a 54 percent incidence of carcinoma; more than half of them had cervical node metastases; four had distant metastases. Fourteen patients required radical neck dissection. The carcinoma was multicentric (both lobes) in 45 percent. In four patients the carcinoma was found in the lobe contralateral to the one containing the palpable nodule. These findings support the advocates of total thyroidectomy for patients with a nodular thyroid and a history of radiation exposure, provided this operation can be performed with a low incidence of recurrent nerve palsy and hypoparathyroidism.

  19. Successful Treatment of Anterior Tracheal Necrosis after Total Thyroidectomy Using Vacuum-Assisted Closure Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grégory Philippe

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Total thyroidectomy involving the adjacent structures of the trachea can cause tracheal damage such as early tracheal necrosis. The authors describe the first case of anterior tracheal necrosis following total thyroidectomy treated using vacuum-assisted closure device. After two weeks of VAC  therapy, there was no evidence of ongoing infection and the trachea was partially closed around a tracheotomy cannula, removed after 3 months. The use of a VAC  therapy to reduce and close the tracheal rent and to create a rapid granulation tissue over tracheal structure appeared as a good opportunity after anterior tracheal necrosis.

  20. Emergency total thyroidectomy for bleeding anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: A viable option for palliation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC is a rare and highly aggressive thyroid neoplasm. Bleeding from tumor is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening complication requiring sophisticated intervention facilities which are not usually available at odd hours in emergency. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with exsanguinating hemorrhage from ATC and was treated by emergency total thyroidectomy. The patient is well three months postoperatively. Emergency total thyroidectomy is a viable option for palliation in ATC presenting with bleeding.

  1. A comparative study of postoperative pain for open thyroidectomy versus bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy using a self-reporting application for iPad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chai, Young Jun; Song, Junho; Kang, Jiyoung; Woo, Jung-Woo; Song, Ra-Yeong; Kwon, Hyungju; Kim, Su-Jin; Choi, June Young; Lee, Kyu Eun

    2016-05-01

    Postoperative pain for robotic thyroid surgeries including bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) has not been well studied. In this study, we have developed a self-reporting application (SRA) for iPad and prospectively collected pain scores from open thyroidectomy (OT) and BABA robotic thyroidectomy (RT) patients. Female patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma were included. Patients recorded pain scores for throat, anterior neck, posterior neck, chest, and back on postoperative days 1, 2, and 3. Once discharged, on postoperative day 14, a survey was also conducted on satisfaction of SRA and cosmesis. A total of 54 patients were enrolled (27 BABA RT and 27 OT). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in clinicopathological characteristics and postoperative complication rates. Postoperative pain scores at days 1, 2, 3, and 14 were not significantly different between the groups for throat, anterior neck, posterior neck, or back. Postoperative analgesic requirements were similar between the 2 groups. Wound satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the BABA RT group (BABA RT 7.4 vs. OT 5.7; P = 0.016). Satisfaction scores for the usefulness of SRA were above 7.2 for all four questionnaire items on the 10-point scale. Postoperative pain for BABA RT is equivalent to OT but offers greater cosmetic satisfaction for patients. A mobile device application such as SRA may facilitate proper assessment and management of pain in postoperative patients.

  2. Frequency of High-Risk Characteristics Requiring Total Thyroidectomy for 1-4 cm Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kluijfhout, Wouter P; Pasternak, Jesse D; Lim, James; Kwon, Julie S; Vriens, Menno R; Clark, Orlo H; Shen, Wen T; Gosnell, Jessica E; Suh, Insoo; Duh, Quan-Yang

    2016-06-01

    The extent of thyroidectomy for low-risk well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) remains controversial. Historically, total thyroidectomy (TT) has been recommended for WDTC ≥1 cm in size. However, recent National Comprehensive Cancer Network and American Thyroid Association guidelines recognize unilateral thyroid lobectomy as a viable alternative for 1-4 cm cancers due to their otherwise favorable prognosis, with TT remaining the preferred option for tumors with unfavorable pathological characteristics. This study sought to determine how often a completion TT would be recommended based on these guidelines if lobectomy was initially performed in patients with 1-4 cm WDTC without preoperatively known risk factors. Patients who underwent thyroidectomy for 1-4 cm WDTC (January 2000 to January 2010) were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with preoperatively known high-risk characteristics, including gross extrathyroidal extension (ETE) on preoperative imaging, clinically apparent lymph node metastases, distant metastases, history of radiation, and positive family history, were excluded. The pathology specimens from the cancer-containing lobe were evaluated for features that would lead to a recommendation for TT based on current guidelines, including aggressive histology, vascular invasion, microscopic ETE, positive margins, and any positive lymph nodes within the specimen. Of 1000 consecutive patients operated for WDTC, 287 would have been eligible for lobectomy as the initial operation. The mean age in this cohort was 45 years, and 80% were women. Aggressive tall-cell variant histology was found in one patient (0.5%), angio-invasion in 34 (12%), ETE in 48 (17%), positive margins in 51 (18%), and positive lymph nodes in 49 (18%) patients. Completion TT would have been recommended in 122/287 (43%) patients. Even in those with 1-2 cm cancers, completion TT would have been recommended in 52/143 (36%) patients. Nearly half of the patients with 1-4 cm WDTC

  3. Benefits resulting from 1- and 6-hour parathyroid hormone and calcium levels after thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Richard J; Tewfik, Marc A; Hier, Michael P; Tamilia, Michael; Mac Namara, Elizabeth; Young, Jonathan; Black, Martin J

    2005-09-01

    Previous studies have established the efficacy of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia monitoring using parathyroid hormone (PTH) and corrected calcium levels at 1 and 6 hours. The goal of this study was to measure the impact of managing patients based on the above findings with respect to: duration of hospital stays, rates of transient hypocalcemia, number of blood tests, cost savings, and discharge from the hospital as early as 8 hours post-thyroidectomy without compromising safety. This is a prospective study involving 95 total thyroidectomy patients using historical data as controls. The previous protocol was modified in that all blood tests ceased for patients meeting the 6-hour critical level of PTH > or = 28 ng/L and simultaneous corrected calcium > or = 2.14 mmol/L (8.56 mg/dL). Furthermore, patients with 1-hour PTH levels cost savings of 766 Canadian dollars per patient. The new algorithm resulting from PTH and corrected calcium monitoring at 1 and 6 hours post-thyroidectomy has led to significant cost savings for our institution. It has also translated into greater patient satisfaction as a result of fewer blood tests, a lower incidence of transient hypocalcemia, and significantly shorter hospital stays.

  4. Need for thyroidectomy in patients treated with radioactive iodide for benign thyroid disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Mette Jegstrup; Sørensen, Christian Hjort; Godballe, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Nodular toxic and non-toxic goitres are seen in approximately 15% of Danish women, and the pros and cons of thyroidectomy versus radioiodine (RI) therapy are often discussed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the type and number of patients treated on the indication of hyperthyroidism or ...

  5. Time to parathyroid function recovery in patients with protracted hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarroya-Marquina, Inés; Sancho, Juan; Lorente-Poch, Leyre; Gallego-Otaegui, Lander; Sitges-Serra, Antonio

    2018-01-01

    Hypocalcaemia is the most common adverse effect after total thyroidectomy. It recovers in about two-thirds of the patients within the first postoperative month. Little is known, however, about recovery of the parathyroid function (RPF) after this time period. The aim of the present study was to investigate the time to RPF in patients with protracted (>1 month) hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. Cohort prospective observational study. Adult patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for goitre or thyroid cancer. Cases with protracted hypoparathyroidism were studied for RPF during the following months. Time to RPF and variables associated with RPF or permanent hypoparathyroidism were recorded. Out of 854 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, 142 developed protracted hypoparathyroidism. Of these, 36 (4.2% of the entire cohort) developed permanent hypoparathyroidism and 106 recovered: 73 before 6 months, 21 within 6-12 months and 12 after 1 year follow-up. Variables significantly associated with RPF were the number of parathyroid glands remaining in situ (not autografted nor inadvertently resected) and a serum calcium concentration >2.25 mmol/L at one postoperative month. Late RPF (>6 months) was associated with surgery for thyroid cancer. RPF was still possible after one year in patients with four parathyroid glands preserved in situ and serum calcium concentration at one month >2.25 mmol/L. Permanent hypoparathyroidism should not be diagnosed in patients requiring replacement therapy for more than six months, especially if the four parathyroid glands were preserved. © 2018 European Society of Endocrinology.

  6. Impact of postoperative magnesium levels on early hypocalcemia and permanent hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrahy, Aoife; Murphy, Matthew S; Sheahan, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    Postoperative hypocalcemia is a common complication of thyroidectomy. Magnesium is known to modulate serum calcium levels and hypomagnesemia may impede correction of hypocalcemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hypomagnesemia after thyroidectomy has any impact on early hypocalcemia and/or permanent hypoparathyroidism. We conducted a retrospective review of prospectively maintained databases. Inclusion criteria were total or completion total thyroidectomy with postoperative magnesium levels available. The incidence of postoperative hypocalcemia was correlated with postoperative hypomagnesemia and other risk factors. Two hundred one cases were included. Twenty-six patients (13%) developed postoperative hypomagnesemia. Hypomagnesemia (p = .002), cancer diagnosis (p = .01), central neck dissection (p = .02), and inadvertent parathyroid resection (p = .02) were significantly associated with hypocalcemia. On multivariate analysis, only hypomagnesemia (p = .005) remained significant. Hypomagnesemia was also a significant predictor of permanent hypoparathyroidism (p = .0004). Hypomagnesemia is significantly associated with early hypocalcemia and permanent hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy. Magnesium levels should be closely monitored in patients with postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Thyroidectomy improves tracheal anatomy and airflow in patients with nodular goiter. A prospective cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Roed; Lauridsen, Jeppe Killerich; Døssing, Helle

    Background: A large goiter may cause compression of the trachea and lead to respiratory insufficiency. We aimed at investigating the effects of thyroidectomy on tracheal anatomy and airflow in patients with benign nodular goiter, employing a prospective observational study. Methods: Magnetic reso...... improvement in tracheal compression, but only minor improvements in tracheal airflow. This information is pertinent when counselling patients before choice of treatment....

  8. Partial Cutting of Sternothyroid Muscle during Total Thyroidectomy: Impact on Postoperative Vocal Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyoung Shin Lee

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Cutting the sternothyroid (ST muscle is a useful technique to expose the superior pole of thyroid gland during thyroidectomy. In this study, we evaluated the impact of partial cutting of the ST muscle on postoperative vocal outcomes after total thyroidectomy. Methods. A retrospective review of 57 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection for micropapillary thyroid carcinoma was conducted. Group A (n=26 included those without cutting the ST muscle, while group B (n=31 included patients whose muscle was partially cut at the superior pole. All patients underwent voice analysis before the operation and 2 weeks and 1 month after the surgery, and the outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results. There were no differences between the two groups regarding the outcomes at each time of voice analysis. Group A showed a decrease of maximum frequency 2 weeks after surgery but showed no difference after 1 month. Group B showed a mild decrease in maximum frequency 2 weeks after surgery, but the difference was not significant. Conclusion. Partial cutting of ST muscle during thyroidectomy is useful to expose the superior pole without significant negative impact on postoperative outcomes of vocal analysis.

  9. Postoperative Hypoparathyroidism and the Viability of the Parathyroid Glands During Thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Yong Bae; Song, Chang Myeon; Sung, Eui Suk; Jeong, Jin Hyeok; Lee, Chang Beom; Tae, Kyung

    2017-09-01

    To prevent hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy, preservation of the parathyroid glands and their vascularity are essential. The aim of this study was to determine the association between postoperative parathyroid function and the viability of the parathyroid glands during thyroidectomy. We prospectively analyzed 111 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and in whom all 4 parathyroid glands were preserved in situ during the operation. The surgeons scored the viability of each parathyroid gland from 0 (normal) to 3 (severely compromised viability) based on its gross appearance and vascularity intraoperatively. The index of parathyroid viability score (IPVS) was defined as the sum of the viability scores of the 4 parathyroid glands. We evaluated the relationship between postoperative parathyroid function and IPVS. Transient hypoparathyroidism occurred in 25 patients (22.5%), and permanent hypoparathyroidism in 4 patients (3.6%). The IPVS were significantly different in the three groups: 2.87±1.46 in the normal group, 3.68±1.41 in the transient hypoparathyroidism group and 7.50±1.00 in the permanent hypoparathyroidism group. The rates of transient hypoparathyroidism were 13.6% in patients with IPVS 0-2, 23.8% in patients with IPVS 3-4, and 42.9% in patients with IPVS 5-6. All the patients with IPVS of 7 or more had permanent hypoparathyroidism. IPVS is correlated with the incidence of hypoparathyroidism. It could be a good quantitative indicator of the probability of hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy.

  10. Quality of audio-assisted versus video-assisted dispatcher-instructed bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-You; Chiang, Wen-Chu; Hsieh, Ming-Ju; Sun, Jen-Tang; Chang, Yi-Chung; Ma, Matthew Huei-Ming

    2018-02-01

    This study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the effect of video-assistance and audio-assistance on quality of dispatcher-instructed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DI-CPR) for bystanders. Five databases were searched, including PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, Scopus and NIH clinical trial, to find randomized control trials published before June 2017. Qualitative analysis and meta-analysis were undertaken to examine the difference between the quality of video-instructed and audio-instructed dispatcher-instructed bystander CPR. The database search yielded 929 records, resulting in the inclusion of 9 relevant articles in this study. Of these, 6 were included in the meta-analysis. Initiation of chest compressions was slower in the video-instructed group than in the audio-instructed group (median delay 31.5 s; 95% CI: 10.94-52.09). The difference in the number of chest compressions per minute between the groups was 19.9 (95% CI: 10.50-29.38) with significantly faster compressions in the video-instructed group than in the audio-instructed group (104.8 vs. 80.6). The odds ratio (OR) for correct hand positioning was 0.8 (95% CI: 0.53-1.30) when comparing the audio-instructed and video-instructed groups. The differences in chest compression depth (mm) and time to first ventilation (seconds) between the video-instructed group and audio-instructed group were 1.6 mm (95% CI: -8.75, 5.55) and 7.5 s (95% CI: -56.84, 71.80), respectively. Video-instructed DI-CPR significantly improved the chest compression rate compared to the audio-instructed method, and a trend for correctness of hand position was also observed. However, this method caused a delay in the commencement of bystander-initiated CPR in the simulation setting. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. A comparison of the disconnection technique with continuous bronchial suction for lung deflation when using the Arndt endobronchial blocker during video-assisted thoracoscopy: A randomised trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Tahan, Mohamed R

    2015-06-01

    The use of the Arndt endobronchial blocker has not gained widespread acceptance during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) because of its high cost and longer time to operative lung collapse especially in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The use of a ventilator disconnection technique has been shown to produce a comparable degree of lung collapse when used with either a double-lumen tube or an Arndt endobronchial blocker. We hypothesised that the use of bronchial suction through the suction port of the endobronchial blocker would be associated with a comparable time to achieve optimum lung collapse as the disconnection technique. A randomised, double-blind study. Single university hospital. Fifty-eight patients with spontaneous pneumothorax scheduled for elective VATS using the Arndt endobronchial blocker for one-lung ventilation (OLV). Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups (n = 29 per group) to deflate the operative lung with either disconnection of the endotracheal tube from the ventilator for 60 s prior to inflation of the endobronchial blocker or connection of a suction pressure of -30 cmH2O to the suction port of the endobronchial blocker through the barrel of a 1 ml syringe. The primary outcome was the time to total lung collapse. Secondary outcomes included surgeon rating of lung collapse, overall surgeon satisfaction, need for further fibreoptic bronchial suction manoeuvres and intraoperative hypoxaemia. The bronchial suction technique was associated with a significantly shorter time to total lung collapse than the disconnection method [93 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI 81.3 to 103.7) vs. 197 (95% CI 157.4 to 237) s respectively; P < 0.001]. Both the disconnection and bronchial suction groups had a comparable surgical rating of excellent lung collapse 40 min after the start of OLV (65.5 vs. 79.3%, respectively; P = 0.24), overall surgeon satisfaction [median (interquartile range, IQR) 9 (8 to 10) vs. 9 (8

  12. Bronchial blocker versus left double-lumen endotracheal tube in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a randomized-controlled trial examining time and quality of lung deflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussières, Jean S; Somma, Jacques; Del Castillo, José Luis Carrasco; Lemieux, Jérôme; Conti, Massimo; Ugalde, Paula A; Gagné, Nathalie; Lacasse, Yves

    2016-07-01

    Double-lumen endotracheal tubes (DL-ETT) and bronchial blockers (BB) have both been used for lung isolation in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Though not well studied, it is widely thought that a DL-ETT provides faster and better quality lung collapse. The aim of this study was to compare a BB technique vs a left-sided DL-ETT strategy with regard to the time and quality of lung collapse during one-lung ventilation (OLV) for elective VATS. Forty patients requiring OLV for VATS were randomized to receive a BB (n = 20) or a left-sided DL-ETT (n = 20). The primary endpoint was the time from pleural opening (performed by the surgeon) until complete lung collapse. The time was evaluated offline by reviewing video recorded during the VATS. The quality of lung deflation was also graded offline using a visual scale (1 = no lung collapse; 2 = partial lung collapse; and 3 = total lung collapse) and was recorded at several time points after pleural incision. The surgeon also graded the time to complete lung collapse and quality of lung deflation during the procedure. The surgeon's guess as to which device was used for lung isolation was also recorded. Of the 40 patients enrolled in the study, 20 patients in the DL-ETT group and 18 in the BB group were analyzed. There mean (standard deviation) time to complete lung collapse of the operative lung was significantly faster using the BB compared with using the DL-ETT [7.5 (3.8) min vs 36.6 (29.1) min, respectively; mean difference, 29.1 min; 95% confidence interval, 1.8 to 7.2; P < 0.001]. Overall, a higher proportion of patients in the BB group than in the DL-ETT group achieved a quality of lung collapse score of 3 at five minutes (57% vs 6%, respectively; P < 0.004), ten minutes (73% vs 14%, respectively; P = 0.005), and 20 min (100% vs 25%, respectively; P = 0.002) after opening the pleura. The surgeon incorrectly guessed the type of device used in 78% of the BB group and 50% of the DL-ETT group (P = 0.10). The time and

  13. A new possibility in thoracoscopic virtual reality simulation training: development and testing of a novel virtual reality simulator for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Konge, Lars

    2015-10-01

    The aims of this study were to develop virtual reality simulation software for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, to explore the opinions of thoracic surgeons concerning the VATS lobectomy simulator and to test the validity of the simulator metrics. Experienced VATS surgeons worked with computer specialists to develop a VATS lobectomy software for a virtual reality simulator. Thoracic surgeons with different degrees of experience in VATS were enrolled at the 22nd meeting of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) held in Copenhagen in June 2014. The surgeons were divided according to the number of performed VATS lobectomies: novices (0 VATS lobectomies), intermediates (1-49 VATS lobectomies) and experienced (>50 VATS lobectomies). The participants all performed a lobectomy of a right upper lobe on the simulator and answered a questionnaire regarding content validity. Metrics were compared between the three groups. We succeeded in developing the first version of a virtual reality VATS lobectomy simulator. A total of 103 thoracic surgeons completed the simulated lobectomy and were distributed as follows: novices n = 32, intermediates n = 45 and experienced n = 26. All groups rated the overall user realism of the VATS lobectomy scenario to a median of 5 on a scale 1-7, with 7 being the best score. The experienced surgeons found the graphics and movements realistic and rated the scenario high in terms of usefulness as a training tool for novice and intermediate experienced thoracic surgeons, but not very useful as a training tool for experienced surgeons. The metric scores were not statistically significant between groups. This is the first study to describe a commercially available virtual reality simulator for a VATS lobectomy. More than 100 thoracic surgeons found the simulator realistic, and hence it showed good content validity. However, none of the built-in simulator metrics could significantly distinguish between novice, intermediate

  14. Early chest tube removal after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy with serous fluid production up to 500 ml/day.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjerregaard, Lars S; Jensen, Katrine; Petersen, Rene Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2014-02-01

    In fast-track pulmonary resections, we removed chest tubes after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy with serous fluid production up to 500 ml/day. Subsequently, we evaluated the frequency of recurrent pleural effusions requiring reintervention. Data from 622 consecutive patients undergoing VATS lobectomy from January 2009 to December 2011 were registered prospectively in an institutional database. Data included age, gender, lobe(s) resected, bleeding and duration of surgery. Follow-up was 30 days from discharge. All complications requiring pleurocentesis or reinsertion of a chest tube, and all readmissions were registered. Twenty-three patients were excluded due to missing data, in-hospital mortality and loss to follow-up, leaving 599 for final analysis. Our primary outcome was the number of patients requiring reintervention due to recurrent pleural effusion. Secondary outcomes included time of chest tube removal and time to discharge. The incidence of recurrent pleural effusions requiring reintervention was compared between three groups according to the postoperative day (POD) of chest tube removal (Day 0-1, 2-3 and ≥4, respectively) using Fisher's exact test. Pleural effusion after chest tube removal required reintervention in 17 patients (2.8%). Of these, 7 needed readmission. Median time from surgery to chest tube removal was 2 days, and median time from surgery to discharge was 4 days. No statistically significant association was found between the incidence of reinterventions due to recurrent pleural effusion and the POD of chest tube removal (P=0.50). The median time from chest tube removal to discharge was 1 day in all groups. Of the patients who needed reintervention, none had complications regarding this, except one who developed pneumothorax after pleurocentesis. Our findings suggest that chest tube removal after VATS lobectomy is safe despite volumes of serous fluid production up to 500 ml/day. The proportion of patients who developed

  15. Outpatient thyroidectomy is safe in the elderly and super-elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubey, Jamie Segel; Raji, Yazdan; Duke, William S; Terris, David J

    2018-01-01

    1) Determine the safety of outpatient thyroidectomy in the geriatric patient population. 2) Analyze the risk of postoperative complications from thyroid surgery in patients aged over 65 years (elderly) and aged over 80 years (super-elderly) undergoing ambulatory thyroidectomy compared to patients aged 21 through 40 years. A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients undergoing thyroidectomy between January 2008 and July 2015 at a tertiary academic institution. Patients were stratified by age, and three subsets within this population were considered and analyzed further: youthful/control (aged 21-40 years), elderly (aged 65-79 years), and super-elderly (≥ 80 years). Patient demographics, surgical and pathological data, admission status, complication, and readmission rates were recorded. A total of 1,429 thyroidectomies were accomplished; of these, 1,207 (84.5%) were outpatient operations. Among the outpatients, 85.2% were female, 14.1% were male, and the mean age was 50.3 ± 15.2 years. The control (youthful) group was comprised of 328 patients with a mean age of 33.3 years; the elderly group of 201 patients had a mean age of 70.3 years; and 16 patients in the super-elderly group had a mean age 82.7 years. The complication rates (5.2%, 5.0%, and 6.3%, respectively; P = 0.98) and re-admission rates (1.5%, 1.5%, and 0.0%, respectively; P = 0.89) were not different among these groups. Outpatient thyroid surgery is as safe in appropriately selected elderly and super-elderly patients as it is in a control group of youthful patients. Therefore, age should not be a contraindication to conducting thyroidectomy on an ambulatory basis. 4. Laryngoscope, 128:290-294, 2018. © 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  16. Relation between vitamin D and calcium and post operation hypocalcemia in total thyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Asefkabiri

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hypocalcemia is one of the most prevalent complications following total thyroidectomy. Over recent years, in addition to hormone parathyroid hormone (PTH, vitamin D has been also studied as a factor causing post-total thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. This survey seeks to study the relationship between the serum level of vitamin D before surgery and during post-total thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. Methods: A group of 57 patients volunteering for total thyroidectomy were studied on Vali-e-Asr Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from March 2013 to March 2015. In all these patients, pre-surgery calcium, vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH as well as the level of calcium during the post-surgery first two days were measured. Based on objectives of this study, the relationship be-tween pre-surgery vitamin D level and post-surgery hypocalcemia was examined. Results: The average age of patients participating in the survey was 24.1±13.3. They included 19 women (33.3% and 38 men, total of 40 patients (70.2%. Their average post-surgery calcium level was 9.2±0.77 milligrams per deciliters (mg/dl and their average vitamin D content before the surgery was 42±12.1 nanomole per liter (nmol/l. The average calcium level before the surgery and the first post-surgery day were meaningfully different in terms of statistics (P0.001. Of 37 patients with pre-surgery vitamin D deficiency, 31 suffered post-surgery second-day hypocalcemia and of 20 patients with vitamin D insufficiency, 18 suffered second-day hypocalcemia. This difference was not statistically meaningful either (P>0.001. Conclusion: The current study showed that the serum level of vitamin D before total thyroidectomy does not have any role in the occurrence of post-surgery hypocalcemia which is almost common after this type of surgery.

  17. Determinants of operative time in thyroid surgery: A prospective multicenter study of 3454 thyroidectomies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaud Patoir

    Full Text Available To identify the determinants of operative time for thyroidectomy and quantify the relative influence of preoperative and intra-operative factors.Anticipation of operative time is key to avoid both waste of hospital resources and dissatisfaction of the surgical staff. Having an accurate and anticipated planning would allow a rationalized operating room use and may improve patient flow and staffing level.We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study between April 2008 and December 2009. The operative time of 3454 patients who underwent thyroidectomy performed by 28 surgeons in five academic hospitals was monitored. We used multilevel linear regression to model determinants of operative time while accounting for the interplay of characteristics specific to surgeons, patients, and surgical procedures. The relative impact of each variable on operative time was estimated.Overall, 86% (99% CI 83 to 89 of operative time variation was related to preoperative variables. Surgeon characteristics accounted for 32% (99% CI 29 to 35 of variation, center location for 29% (99% CI 25 to 33, and surgical procedure or patient variables for 24% (99% CI 20 to 27. Operative time was significantly lower among experienced surgeons having practiced from 5-19 years (-21.8 min, P<0.05, performing at least 300 thyroidectomies per year (-28.8 min, P<0.05, and with increasing number of thyroidectomies performed the same day (-11.7min, P<0.001. Conversely, operative time increased in cases of procedure supervision by a more experienced surgeon (+20.0 min, P<0.001. The remaining 13.0% of variability was attributable to unanticipated technical difficulties at the time of surgery.Variation in thyroidectomy duration is largely explained by preoperative factors, suggesting that it can be accurately anticipated. Prediction tools allowing better regulation of patient flow in operating rooms appears feasible for both working conditions and cost management.

  18. Validity of Early Parathyroid Hormone Assay as a Diagnostic Tool for Sub-Total Thyroidectomy Related Hypocalcaemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riaz, U.; Shah, S. A.; Zaohoor, I.; Riaz, A.; Zubair, M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To determine the validity of early (one hour postoperatively) parathyroid hormone (PTH) assay (10 pg/ml), keeping gold standard as the serum ionic calcium level, for predicting sub-total thyroidectomy-related hypocalcaemia and to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of latent signs of tetany. Study Design: Cross-sectional validation study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of General Surgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad from August 2008 to August 2010. Methodology: Patients undergoing sub-total thyroidectomy were included by convenience sampling. PTH assay was performed 1 hour post sub-total thyroidectomy. Serum calcium levels were performed at 24 and 48 hours, 5th day and 2 weeks after surgery. Cases that developed hypocalcaemia were followed-up for a period of 6 months with monthly calcium level estimation to identify cases of permanent hypocalcaemia. Symptoms and signs of hypocalcaemia manifesting in our patients were recorded. Data was analyzed through SPSS version 10. 2 x 2 tables were used to calculate sensitivity and specificity of PTH in detecting post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia. Results: Out of a total of 110 patients included in the study, 16.36% (n=18) developed hypocalcaemia including 1.81% (n=2) cases of permanent hypoparathyroidism. The sensitivity of one hour postoperative PTH assay as a predictive tool for post-thyroidectomy related hypocalcaemia was 94.4% while its specificity was 83.6% with 53% positive predictive value and 98.7% negative predictive value. Conclusion: One hour post sub-total thyroidectomy PTH assay can be helpful in predicting post sub-total thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia. Moreover, it can be useful in safe discharge of day-care thyroidectomy patients. (author)

  19. [Reflection on the Biological Significance of Minimally Invasive Surgery for Lung Cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Qingquan; Huang, Jia

    2018-03-20

    Minimal invasive surgery with short operation time and enhanced recovery after surgery can truly achieve biological minimal invasiveness. The minimal invasive lung cancer surgery includes several kinds, such as uni-portal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and multi-portal VATS. Robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) can be categorized into multi-portal VATS. As a frontier technology of minimal invasive surgical technique, surgical robotic system has been broadly applied in many areas. The average RATS operation time is (91.51±30.80) min among our team, which is much shorter than reported uni-portal VATS operation time. For now, RATS has some drawbacks and is lacking of national practice guidelines, which, we believe, will be solved by technology development and large-scale randomized controlled trials. 
.

  20. The impact of voice impairment after thyroidectomy on quality of life. A prospective cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Roed; Døssing, Helle; Bonnema, Steen Joop

    Introduction: To assess the impact of voice and vocal fold changes (VVFC) after thyroidectomy on disease specific quality of life (QoL). Methods: Prospective cohort study (inclusion period: 18 months, ending April-2016) with six months follow-up of patients with nodular goiter undergoing...... thyroidectomy without vocal fold disease/impairment. VVFC were defined as objective laryngeal abnormalities and a reduced maximum frequency (> five semitones) three weeks after surgery. The VVFC assessments were conducted before, three weeks, and six months after surgery using videostroboscopy, voice range...... profile, voice handicap index, and other measures. Simultaneously, a disease-specific QoL questionnaire (ThyPRO) was administered, including an additional assessment three months after surgery. Results: Sixty-five patients were included with nine lost to follow-up, leaving 56 patients who completed all...

  1. Hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy in patients with a history of bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chereau, Nathalie; Vuillermet, Cindy; Tilly, Camille; Buffet, Camille; Trésallet, Christophe; du Montcel, Sophie Tezenas; Menegaux, Fabrice

    2017-03-01

    Hypocalcemia is a common complication after total thyroidectomy. Previous bariatric surgery could be a higher factor risk for hypocalcemia due to alterations in calcium absorption and vitamin D deficiency. To evaluate incidence and factors involved in the risk of hypocalcemia (transient and permanent) and the postoperative outcomes of these patients after total thyroidectomy. University hospital in Paris, France. All patients who had previously undergone obesity surgery (i.e., Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, or adjustable gastric band) who had a total thyroidectomy from 2006 to 2015 were included. No patient was lost to follow-up. Each patient was matched 1:1 with a patient who had no previous bariatric surgery for age, gender, body mass index, and year of surgery. Forty-eight patients were identified (43 female; mean age 48.9±9.2 yr). Nineteen patients (40%) had a postoperative hypocalcemia: transient in 14 patients (29.2%) and permanent in 5 patients (10.4%). No significant predictive clinical or biochemical factors were found for hypocalcemia risk, except for the type of bariatric procedure: Bypass surgery had a 2-fold increased risk of hypocalcemia compared to others procedures (60% versus 30%, P = .05). In the matched pair analysis, the risk of hypocalcemia was significantly higher in patients with previous bariatric surgery than in the matched cohort (40% versus 15%, P = .006). Patients with previous bariatric surgery have an increased risk for hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy, especially after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Careful and prolonged follow-up of calcium, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone levels should be suggested for these patients. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Failure of fragmented parathyroid gland autotransplantation to prevent permanent hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorente-Poch, Leyre; Sancho, Juan; Muñoz, Jose Luis; Gallego-Otaegui, Lander; Martínez-Ruiz, Carlos; Sitges-Serra, Antonio

    2017-03-01

    Parathyroid autotransplantation during total thyroidectomy leads to higher rates of postoperative hypocalcaemia. It has been argued, however, that it prevents permanent hypoparathyroidism. The impact of autografted normal parathyroid gland fragments on long-term parathyroid status has not been assessed properly. To clarify this, the short- and long-term parathyroid function was assessed in patients with three glands remaining in situ after total thyroidectomy, in whom the fourth gland was either autotransplanted (Tx) or accidentally resected (AR). Consecutive patients (n = 669) undergoing first-time total thyroidectomy were prospectively studied recording the number of parathyroid glands remaining in situ: PGRIS =4-(glands autografted + glands in the specimen). The study was focused on the subgroup of 186 patients with three parathyroid glands remaining in situ as a result of either accidental resection (AR, n = 76) or autotransplantation into the sternocleidomastoid muscle (Tx, n = 110). Prevalence of postoperative hypocalcaemia, protracted, and permanent hypoparathyroidism were compared between the two groups. Demographic, disease-related, laboratory, and surgical variables were recorded. All patients were followed for at least 1 year. Both groups were comparable in terms of disease and extent of surgery. Mean postoperative serum calcium was the same (AR: 1.97 ± 0.2 vs Tx: 1.97 ± 0.22 mmol/L). Rates of protracted (AR: 24% vs Tx: 25.5%) and permanent hypoparathyroidism (AR: 5.3% vs Tx: 7.3%) were similar in both groups. The prevalence of parathyroid failure syndromes after total thyroidectomy was similar whether a parathyroid gland was inadvertently excised or autotransplanted. Autotransplantation did not influence the permanent hypoparathyroidism rate.

  3. Long-term outcome of prophylactic thyroidectomy in children carrying RET germline mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machens, A; Elwerr, M; Lorenz, K; Weber, F; Dralle, H

    2018-01-01

    A comprehensive assessment has not been undertaken of long-term outcomes in children carrying germline RET mutations and undergoing prophylactic thyroidectomy with the aim of preventing medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). A retrospective outcome study (1994-2017) of prophylactic thyroidectomy in children, with and without central node dissection, was performed at a tertiary surgical centre. Some 167 children underwent prophylactic thyroidectomy, 109 without and 58 with concomitant central node dissection. In the highest-risk mutational category, MTC was found in five of six children (83 per cent) aged 3 years or less. In the high-risk category, MTC was present in six of 20 children (30 per cent) aged 3 years or less, 16 of 36 (44 per cent) aged 4-6 years, and 11 of 16 (69 per cent) aged 7-12 years (P = 0·081). In the moderate-risk category, MTC was seen in one of nine children (11 per cent) aged 3 years or less, one of 26 (4 per cent) aged 4-6 years, three of 26 (12 per cent) aged 7-12 years, and seven of 16 (44 per cent) aged 13-18 years (P = 0·006). Postoperative hypoparathyroidism was more frequent in older children (32 per cent in the oldest age group versus 3 per cent in the youngest; P = 0·002), whether or not central node dissection was carried out. Three children developed recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy; all had undergone central node dissection (P = 0·040). All complications resolved within 6 months. Postoperative normalization of calcitonin serum levels was achieved in 114 (99·1 per cent) of 115 children with raised preoperative values. No residual structural disease or recurrence was observed. Early prophylactic thyroidectomy is a viable surgical concept in experienced hands, sparing older children the postoperative morbidity associated with delayed neck surgery. © 2018 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. Determinants of operative time in thyroid surgery: A prospective multicenter study of 3454 thyroidectomies

    OpenAIRE

    Patoir , Arnaud; Payet , Cécile; Peix , Jean-Louis; Colin , Cyrille; PASCAL , Léa; Kraimps , Jean-Louis; Menegaux , Fabrice; Pattou , François; Sebag , Frédéric; Touzet , Sandrine; Bourdy , Stéphanie; Lifante , Jean-Christophe; Duclos , Antoine

    2017-01-01

    on behalf of the CATHY Study Group; International audience; Objective: To identify the determinants of operative time for thyroidectomy and quantify the relative influence of preoperative and intra-operative factors.Background: Anticipation of operative time is key to avoid both waste of hospital resources and dissatisfaction of the surgical staff. Having an accurate and anticipated planning would allow a rationalized operating room use and may improve patient flow and staffing level.Methods:...

  5. Thyroidectomy improves tracheal anatomy and airflow in patients with nodular goiter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Roed; Lauridsen, Jeppe Killerich; Døssing, Helle

    Objectives: A large goiter may cause compression of the trachea and lead to respiratory insufficiency. We aimed at investigating the effects of thyroidectomy on tracheal anatomy and airflow in patients with benign nodular goiter, employing a prospective observational study. Methods: Magnetic reso...... to substantial improvement in tracheal compression, but only minor improvements in tracheal airflow. This information is pertinent when counselling patients before choice of treatment....

  6. The impact of 131I therapy on the recurrence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma after thyroidectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yu Yongli; Luo Quanyong; Chen Libo; Lu Haikui; Zhu Ruisen; Ma Jixiao

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effects of some factors on recurrence after thyroidectomy of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Methods: Three groups of DTC cases were studied during follow-up. All cases (n=298) of group 1 with diagnosed recurrence were analyzed statistically on age, gender, thyroid-operating mode and pathologic nature at first diagnosis. One hundred and eight cases of group 2 had received thyroid hormone-replaced therapy and 124 cases of group 3 had received thyroid hormone-replaced plus 131 I ablating therapy after thyroidectomy, and were analyzed and compared statistically by their therapeutic outcomes. Results: 1) From group 1, the ratios of male/female (1:1.5) and follicular/papillary (1:4) were higher than primary cases reported in literatures (1:2-3 and 1:8). The recurrence rates in the cases had primary lesion excised, unilateral thyroid or bilateral thyroid excised were decreased 47.3%, 34.2% and 18.5%, respectively. Recurrence mainly occurred at first 5 years after thyroidectomy (65.1%). 2) From group 2, recurrence rates were 4.63%, 8.33% and 12.04%, respectively at 1, 5 and 10 years, and 53.84% and 30.77%, respectively as local recurrence and distant metastases. From group 3, recurrence rates were 0.81%, 4.03% and 7.26%, respectively in 1, 5 and 10 years, and 5/9 and 2/9 as local recurrence and distant metastases, respectively. The statistic difference was significant (P 131 I ablating therapy after thyroidectomy may improve the prognosis of DTC (prolonging recurrence-free time, reducing recurrence rate and decreasing distant metastases). (authors)

  7. Cost-effectivness analysis of total thyroidectomy vs radioiodine for Graves disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokić Anđelka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the patients suffering from hyperthyroidism 60-80% have Graves' disease. The initial therapy of Graves's disease are antithyroid drugs. If the remission is not achieved after 12-18 months, the patients should be directed to surgical treatment or to the therapy with radioactive iodine. The aim of this study was to compare cost/effectiveness ratios for radioactive iodine and total thyroidectomy. The analysis was made using Markov model, from the perspective of Republic Fund for Health Insurance in Serbia. Duration of one cycle in the model is six months, and the time horizon is 30 years. Monte Carlo simulation was performed for 1000 virtual patients as well as the analysis of sensitivity with the variation of parameters ± 50%. For total thyroidectomy the insurance should provide 138.389,72 RSD / 57, 83 QALY i.e. 2.393,04 dinars for one quality-adjusted life year, and for radioactive iodine the insurance should provide 110.043,64 RSD / 57,82 QALY i.e. 1.903,37 dinars for one quality-adjusted life year. This economic analysis showed that radioactive iodine has better ratio of costs to clinical effectiveness as opposed to total thyroidectomy.

  8. The impact of different surgical procedures on hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy: A population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kuan-Chen; Iqbal, Usman; Nguyen, Phung-Anh; Hsu, Chung-Huei; Huang, Chen-Ling; Hsu, Yi-Hsin Elsa; Atique, Suleman; Islam, Md Mohaimenul; Li, Yu-Chuan Jack; Jian, Wen-Shan

    2017-10-01

    The main objective of this study is to investigate the outcome between surgical procedures and the risk of development of hypoparathyroidism followed by surgical procedure in patients with thyroid disorders.We analyzed the data acquired from Taiwan's Bureau of National Health Insurance (BNHI) research database from 1998 to 2011 and found 9316 patients with thyroid surgery. Cox regression model was used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR).A count of 314 cases (3.4%) of hypoparathyroidism was identified. The 9 years cumulated incidence of hypoparathyroidism was the highest in patient undergone bilateral total thyroidectomy (13.5%) and the lowest in the patient with unilateral subtotal thyroidectomy (1.2%). However, in the patients who had undergone unilateral subtotal, the risk was the highest in bilateral total (HR: 11.86), followed by radical thyroidectomy with unilateral neck lymph node dissection (HR: 8.56), unilateral total (HR, 4.39), and one side total and another side subtotal (HR: 2.80).The extent of thyroid resection determined the risk of development of hypoparathyroidism. It is suggested that the association of these factors is investigated in future studies.

  9. The effect of intra-operative transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on posterior neck pain following thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, C; Choi, J B; Lee, Y-S; Chang, H-S; Shin, C S; Kim, S; Han, D W

    2015-04-01

    Posterior neck pain following thyroidectomy is common because full neck extension is required during the procedure. We evaluated the effect of intra-operative transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on postoperative neck pain in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy under general anaesthesia. One hundred patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups; 50 patients received transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation applied to the trapezius muscle and 50 patients acted as controls. Postoperative posterior neck pain and anterior wound pain were evaluated using an 11-point numerical rating scale at 30 min, 6 h, 24 h and 48 h following surgery. The numerical rating scale for posterior neck pain was significantly lower in the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group compared with the control group at all time points (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the numerical rating scale for anterior wound pain at any time point. No adverse effects related to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation were observed. We conclude that intra-operative transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation applied to the trapezius muscle reduced posterior neck pain following thyroidectomy. © 2014 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.

  10. Quality of information available on the World Wide Web for patients undergoing thyroidectomy: review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthukumarasamy, S; Osmani, Z; Sharpe, A; England, R J A

    2012-02-01

    This study aimed to assess the quality of information available on the World Wide Web for patients undergoing thyroidectomy. The first 50 web-links generated by internet searches using the five most popular search engines and the key word 'thyroidectomy' were evaluated using the Lida website validation instrument (assessing accessibility, usability and reliability) and the Flesch Reading Ease Score. We evaluated 103 of a possible 250 websites. Mean scores (ranges) were: Lida accessibility, 48/63 (27-59); Lida usability, 36/54 (21-50); Lida reliability, 21/51 (4-38); and Flesch Reading Ease, 43.9 (2.6-77.6). The quality of internet health information regarding thyroidectomy is variable. High ranking and popularity are not good indicators of website quality. Overall, none of the websites assessed achieved high Lida scores. In order to prevent the dissemination of inaccurate or commercially motivated information, we recommend independent labelling of medical information available on the World Wide Web.

  11. Is potassium iodide solution necessary before total thyroidectomy for Graves disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinall, Myrick C; Broome, James T; Baker, Arielle; Solorzano, Carmen C

    2013-09-01

    Potassium iodide (KI) has traditionally been used to reduce gland vascularity and diminish blood loss in patients undergoing thyroidectomy for Graves disease (GD). Current American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines (Recommendation 22) call for its routine administration in GD but avoidance in toxic multinodular goiter (TMNG). A retrospective review (July 2008-May 2012) of perioperative data was performed on 162 patients undergoing total thyroidectomy without preoperative KI and compared to 102 patients with TMNG. Statistical analysis included Student's t test, χ2 test, and multivariate linear regression. Compared to TMNG patients, GD patients had a lower mean age (42.7 vs. 49.6 years, p<0.001) and were less likely to be obese (37 vs. 54%, p=0.047). No patients were provided KI in preparation. GD patients did not differ significantly from TMNG patients with respect to mean estimated blood loss (55.4 vs. 51.5 mL, p=0.773) or mean operative time (131.5 vs. 122.6 min, p=0.084). GD patients had a lower rate of transient hypocalcemia (31 vs. 49%, p=0.004), but the two groups did not statistically differ in rates of prolonged hypocalcemia, temporary recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy, prolonged RLN paralysis, or hematoma formation. Although current ATA recommendations for the management of GD call for routine use of KI before thyroidectomy, this large series demonstrates no appreciable detriment to patient outcomes when this goal is not met.

  12. The role of rapid PACU parathyroid hormone in reducing post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabour, Sarmad; Manders, Ernest; Steward, David L

    2009-12-01

    Post-thyroidectomy parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels have been used to predict hypocalcemia. The goal of this study was to determine whether selective supplementation for post anesthesia care unit (PACU) PTH observation or routine supplementation. Controlled cohort study of thyroidectomy patients, with chart review. Chart review of total or completion thyroidectomy patients in an academic setting. The control group consisted of 124 subjects. The selective supplementation group consisted of 169 subjects with routine PACU PTH testing. The routine supplementation group consisted of 155 subjects with immediate postoperative calcium and vitamin D supplementation. The control group received supplementation for hypocalcemia (calcium routine supplementation group received oral calcium and calcitriol supplementation immediately after surgery. Four separate postoperative day 1 (POD1) outcome measures were evaluated: 1) mean serum calcium; 2) rate of hypocalcemia 10 mg/dL. Mean serum calcium was lower and the rate of hypocalcemia was higher in the control group than the selective PACU PTH group on POD1 (8.2 vs 8.6 mg/dL, P routine supplementation group than in the selective group. However, the rate of hypercalcemia was higher in the routine supplementation group than in the selective group (4.5% vs 0%, P = 0.006). Routine PTH testing and supplementation for patients with hypoparathyroidism reduced the proportion of patients experiencing hypocalcemia. However, supplementation for intraoperative PTH routine supplementation, but with a lower rate of hypercalcemia.

  13. Thyroid gland invasion in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangussi-Gomes, João; Danelon-Leonhardt, Fernando; Moussalem, Guilherme Figner; Ahumada, Nicolas Galat; Oliveira, Cleydson Lucena; Hojaij, Flávio Carneiro

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx has the potential to invade the thyroid gland. Despite this risk, the proposition of either partial or total thyroidectomy as part of the surgical treatment of all such cases remains controversial. To evaluate the frequency of invasion of the thyroid gland in patients with advanced laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma submitted to total laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy and thyroidectomy; to determine whether clinic-pathological characteristics can predict glandular involvement. A retrospective case series with chart review, from January 1998 to July 2013, was undertaken in a tertiary care university medical center. An inception cohort of 83 patients with larynx/hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma was considered. All patients had advanced stage disease (clinically T3-T4) and underwent total laryngectomy or total pharyngolaryngectomy in association with thyroidectomy. Adjuvant therapy was indicated when tumor or neck conditions required. Frequency of thyroid cartilage invasion was calculated; univariate and multivariate analysis of demographic, clinical and pathological characteristics associated with cartilage invasion were performed. The overall frequency of invasion of the thyroid gland was 18.1%. Glandular involvement was associated with invasion of the following structures: anterior commissure (odds ratio=5.13; 95% confidence interval 1.07-24.5), subglottis (odds ratio=12.44; 95% confidence interval 1.55-100.00) and cricoid cartilage (odds ratio=15.95; 95% confidence interval 4.23-60.11). Invasion of the thyroid gland is uncommon in the context of laryngopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical and pathological features such as invasion of the anterior commissure, subglottis and cricoid cartilage are more associated with glandular invasion. Copyright © 2017 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights

  14. The Effectiveness of Neck Stretching Exercises Following Total Thyroidectomy on Reducing Neck Pain and Disability: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

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    Ayhan, Hatice; Tastan, Sevinc; Iyigün, Emine; Oztürk, Erkan; Yildiz, Ramazan; Görgülü, Semih

    2016-06-01

    Although there are a limited number of studies showing effects of neck stretching exercises following a thyroidectomy in reducing neck discomfort symptoms, no study has specifically dealt with and examined the effect of neck stretching exercises on neck pain and disability. To analyze the effect of neck stretching exercises, following a total thyroidectomy, on reducing neck pain and disability. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. The participants were randomly assigned either to the stretching exercise group (n = 40) or to the control group (n = 40). The stretching exercise group learned the neck stretching exercises immediately after total thyroidectomy. The effects of the stretching exercises on the participants' neck pain and disability, neck sensitivity, pain with neck movements as well as on wound healing, were evaluated at the end of the first week and at 1 month following surgery. When comparing neck pain and disability scale (NPDS) scores, neck sensitivity and pain with neck movement before thyroidectomy, after 1 week and after 1-month time-points, it was found that patients experienced significantly less pain and disability in the stretching exercise group than the control group (p stretching exercise group were significantly lower than those of the control group. However, there was no significant difference between the groups with regard to the scores at the 1-month evaluation (p > .05). Neck stretching exercises done immediately after a total thyroidectomy reduce short-term neck pain and disability symptoms. © 2016 Sigma Theta Tau International.

  15. Pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase as a predictive indicator of post-operative hypocalcaemia in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miah, M S; Mahendran, S; Mak, C; Leese, G; Smith, D

    2015-11-01

    This study aimed to evaluate whether a pre-operative elevated serum alkaline phosphatase level is a potential predictor of post-operative hypocalcaemia after total thyroidectomy. Data was retrospectively collected from the case notes of patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy. Patients were divided into Graves' disease and non-Graves' groups. Pre-operative and post-operative biochemical markers, including serum calcium, alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone levels, were reviewed. A total of 225 patients met the inclusion criteria. Graves' disease was the most common indication (n = 134; 59.5 per cent) for thyroidectomy. Post-operative hypocalcaemia developed in 48 patients (21.3 per cent) and raised pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase was noted in 94 patients (41.8 per cent). Raised pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly associated with post-operative hypocalcaemia, particularly in Graves' disease patients (p alkaline phosphatase measurements help to predict post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia, especially in patients who do not develop hypoparathyroidism. Ascertaining the pre-operative serum alkaline phosphatase level in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy may help surgeons to identify at-risk patients.

  16. Total thyroidectomy for amiodarone-associated thyrotoxicosis: should surgery always be delayed for pre-operative medical preparation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierret, C; Tourtier, J-P; Pons, Y; Merat, S; Duverger, V; Perrier, E

    2012-07-01

    Amiodarone can induce severe hyperthyroidism that justifies its withdrawal and the introduction of antithyroid drugs. Continuing amiodarone use, failure to control hyperthyroidism and poor clinical progress may require thyroidectomy. This study aimed to evaluate patients' post-operative development and mid-term outcome after thyroidectomy for amiodarone-associated thyrotoxicosis. Prospective case series. Tertiary care centre. We prospectively collected cases of amiodarone-associated thyrotoxicosis requiring thyroidectomy due to failure of antithyroid treatment, despite amiodarone discontinuation. Post-thyroidectomy complications were compared immediately, 30 days and one year post-operatively, and also for scheduled versus emergency surgery cases. Of 11 total cases, nine scheduled thyroidectomy cases had no morbidity after elective surgery. Two cases required emergency surgery for multiple organ failure and cardiac problems. Immediate post-operative complications (mostly haemodynamic) occurred in both cases (emergency vs routine surgery, p = 0.018). In such cases, pre-operative medical treatment is vital to limit peri- and post-operative complications, but surgery should not be delayed if the haemodynamic status deteriorates. Surgery, with careful anaesthesia, is the cornerstone of the treatment.

  17. Uniportal VATS: A Sublimation of Micro-invasive Lung Cancer Resection

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    Chengwu LIU

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Micro-invasive thoracic surgery, especially represented by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS, has become the mainstream of lung cancer resection. Traditional multi-portal VATS techniques, including four-port, three-port, and two-port VATS, have been widely used to perform nearly all kinds of lung cancer resections. However, how to make lung cancer resection less invasive is always the subject that all thoracic surgeons never stop pursuing. Compared with multi-portal VATS, uniportal VATS causes less postoperative pain and paresthesia because only one small incision is made and one intercoastal space is involved. In recent years, good clinical results have been obtained from uniportal VATS in lung cancer resections. In this paper, we’d like to present a brief summary about the progresses made in the application of uniportal VATS in lung cancer resection. Uniportal VATS is a sublimation of micro-invasive lung cancer resection.

  18. CAPABILITIES OF VIDEO-ASSISTED LAPAROSCOPY IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF PERFORATION OF THE SMALL INTESTINE AND MECKEL’S DIVERTICULUM (2 CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS

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    I. I. Kirsanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Misdiagnosis of acute appendicitis reaches 40%. Video laparoscopy allows the correct diagnosis to be establishedin 98.1%, and identify the other disease excluding the initial diagnosisin 1.6%, as well as to determine the optimal surgical approach and perform minimally invasive surgery, if possible.MATERIAL Clinical observation of 2 cases of perforation of the small intestine.CONCLUSION The use of laparoscopy in acute surgical disease of abdominal organs allows to establish the correct diagnosis and properly provide a therapy with a minimal surgical trauma.

  19. Elucidating mechanisms of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury during thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Samuel K; Lairmore, Terry C; Hendricks, John C; Roberts, John W

    2008-01-01

    Intraoperative nerve monitoring during thyroidectomy, parathyroidectomy, or related central neck procedures can elucidate actual or potential mechanisms of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, especially visually intact nerves, which were previously unknown to the endocrine surgeon. In this prospective evaluation study, 373 patients underwent 380 consecutive thyroidectomy- or parathyroidectomy-related operations using intraoperative nerve monitoring, with 666 RLNs at risk. The success of visual and functional identification of the RLN, persistent loss of RLN function to nerve stimulation, the mechanism and location of RLN injury, and anatomy of the RLN or technical difficulties that appeared potentially risky for RLN injury were recorded. RLN was identified visually or functionally in 98.2% of nerves at risk. Initial intraoperative injury to the RLN occurred in 25 nerves at risk (3.75%). It was significantly more likely to be a visually intact RLN (n = 22; 3.3%) than a transected RLN (n = 3; 0.45%), p cause of injury resulted from traction to the anterior motor branch of a bifurcated RLN near the ligament of Berry (n = 7; 28%), then paratracheal lymph node dissection (n = 6; 24%), incorporating ligature (n = 4; 16%), and adherent cancer (n = 4; 16%). Fifty nerves at risk (7.5%) were identified as particularly at risk for injury, most notably those with anatomic variants (n = 26; 52%) and large or vascular thyroid lobes (n = 19; 38%). RLN injury during thyroidectomy or parathyroidectomy occurs intraoperatively significantly more often to a visually intact RLN than to a transected nerve. The anterior motor branch of an RLN bifurcating near the ligament of Berry is particularly at risk of traction injury.

  20. Is the routine pressure dressing after thyroidectomy necessary? A prospective randomized controlled study

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    Phuttharak Warinthorn

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background An acute complication of thyroidectomy is fatal hematoma, which can produce an upper airway obstruction needing immediate intubation or tracheostomy. After neck surgery, we usually apply a pressure dressing with a non-woven, adhesive fabric to reduce bleeding and fluid collection at the operative bed. We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled study to evaluate a pressure vs. a non-pressure dressing after thyroid surgery by monitoring blood and serum in the operative bed. Methods We studied 108 patients who underwent 116 thyroid surgeries at Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen University, between December 2006 and September 2007. The patients were randomized to either the pressure dressing or non-pressure dressing group. Ultrasound of the neck was performed 24 ± 3 hours after surgery. The volume of fluid collection in the operative bed was calculated. All patients were observed for any post-operative respiratory distress, wound complications, tingling sensation or tetany. Results The distributions of age, sex, surgical indications and approaches were similar between the two groups. There was no statistically significant difference in the volume of fluid collection in the operative bed (p = 0.150 and the collected drained content (p = 0.798. The average time a drain was retained was 3 days. One patient in the pressure dressing group suffered cutaneous bruising while one patient in the non-pressure dressing group developed immediate hemorrhage after the skin sutures. Conclusion Pressure dressing after thyroidectomy does not have any significant impact on decreasing fluid collection at the operative bed. The use of pressure dressing after thyroidectomy may not therefore be justified. Trial Registration NCT00400465, ISRCTN52660978

  1. Fatores de risco de paratireoidectomia acidental em tireoidectomia Risk factors for incidental parathyroidectomy during thyroidectomy

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    Niklas Söderberg Campos

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A paratireoidectomia acidental é um acontecimento frequente nas tireoidectomias. A literatura demonstra um achado de glândulas paratireoides, variando entre 6,4% a 31% em espécimes de exame anatomopatológico de glândula tireoide. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a quantidade de glândulas paratireoides encontradas em espécimes cirúrgicos de tireoidectomia e correlacionar com as variáveis demográficas e histopatológicas. MÉTODOS: Trabalho retrospectivo baseado nos laudos anatomopatológicos de tireoidectomias realizadas entre janeiro de 2007 a dezembro de 2008. RESULTADOS: O total de pacientes tireoidectomizados foi de 442, sendo o achado de glândulas paratireoides de 2,93%, o que corresponde a 13 deste total. A presença de carcinoma papilífero de tireoide associado à paratireoidectomia acidental foi de 10,11% contra a presença de patologia benigna de 1,4%. CONCLUSÃO: O carcinoma papilífero de tireoide foi a variável associada ao maior número de paratireoidectomias acidentais.Incidental parathyroidectomy is a common event in thyroid surgery. The literature shows a finding of parathyroid glands ranging from 6.4% to 31% in pathological specimens of the thyroid gland. OBJECTIVE: To collect the amount of parathyroid glands found in surgical specimens of thyroidectomy and correlate with the histopathological and demographic variables. METHODS: Retrospective study based on pathological reports of thyroidectomy from January 2007 to December 2008. RESULTS: 442 patients were submitted to total thyroidectomy, and 2.93% had parathyroid glands, which corresponded to 13 of this total. The presence of papillary thyroid carcinoma associated with incidental parathyroidectomy was 10.11%, compared to the benign lesion: 1.4%. CONCLUSION: Papillary thyroid carcinoma was the variable associated with increased number of incidental parathyroidectomy.

  2. RAI Thyroid Bed Uptake After Total Thyroidectomy: A Novel SPECT-CT Anatomic Classification System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeuren, Rebecca; Biagini, Agnese; Grewal, Ravinder K.; Randolph, Gregory W.; Kamani, Dipti; Sabra, Mona M.; Shaha, Ashok R.; Tuttle, R. Michael

    2016-01-01

    Objective Recent, more selective use of radioactive iodine (RAI) has led to reevaluation of the clinical importance of achieving complete total thyroidectomy with minimal residual normal thyroid tissue. We utilize the improved localization by post-RAI remnant ablation, single photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) to define specific anatomic sites of residual RAI-uptake foci after total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and to provide a novel classification system relating uptake to thyroid anatomy and preservation of adjacent neural structures. Study Design Retrospective. Method Radioactive iodine-uptake foci in thyroid bed were localized by SPECT/CT imaging at the time of RAI remnant ablation in 141 DTC patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. Results Minimal residual RAI uptake (median 0.32% at 24 hours) in the thyroid bed was detected by diagnostic planar whole body scans in 93% and by posttherapy SPECT/CT imaging in 99% of subjects. Discrete RAI uptake foci were identified on the SPECT/CT imaging at Berry’s ligament (87%), at superior thyroid poles (79%), in paratracheal-lobar regions (67%), in isthmus-region (54%), and in pyramidal lobe (46%). Despite the residual foci, the nonstimulated thyroglobulin (Tg) prior to remnant ablation (with a median thyroid-stimulating hormone of 0.36 m IU/L) was thyroid bed in the majority of patients. These foci can be classified as 1) neural-related and 2) capsule-related. These common residual foci have no relationship to postoperative Tg, suggesting that attempts at radical removal of thyroid tissue in these locations may not be warranted. PMID:25891354

  3. Expense of robotic thyroidectomy: a cost analysis at a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broome, James T; Pomeroy, Sharon; Solorzano, Carmen C

    2012-12-01

    HYPOTHESIS The cost of robotic thyroidectomy (RT) is significantly higher than that of standard open thyroidectomy (ST). DESIGN A retrospective cost analysis of ST was compared with a projected cost analysis of RT using institution-specific data. SETTING Endocrine surgery division at an academic center. PARTICIPANTS Standard open thyroidectomy data from 2 high-volume endocrine surgeons vs published variables from high-volume RT surgeons. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES A cost analysis was performed for ST (Current Procedural Technology code 60240). The cost of RT was estimated as operative time plus anesthesia fees plus consumables plus the robotic system (da Vinci Surgical System; Intuitive Surgical, Inc). Institution-specific data were collected for ST, and only those costs that varied between ST and RT were included in the analysis. The mean operative time for ST was based on data from 2 high-volume endocrine surgeons at our institution. The RT operative data were extracted from published series of high-volume RT surgeons. RESULTS The relative costs calculated were $2668 for ST vs $5795 for RT. This represents a 217% increased cost of RT compared with ST. The mean operative times were 113 minutes for ST vs 137 minutes for RT. CONCLUSIONS Technologic advances are paramount in providing the best medical care for patients. This progress must be tempered by a rational, open discussion about the costs of these advancements. Only then can the proposed benefits of a new technology be weighed accurately against the overall societal cost. Surgeons need to be aware of the cost of their technologic choices and the burdens that those place on limited resources.

  4. A Case of Type 2 Amiodarone-Induced Thyrotoxicosis That Underwent Total Thyroidectomy under High-Dose Steroid Administration

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    Koshi Hashimoto

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Amiodarone is used commonly and effectively in the treatment of arrhythmia; however, it may cause thyrotoxicosis categorized into two types: iodine-induced hyperthyroidism (type 1 amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT and destructive thyroiditis (type 2 AIT. We experienced a case of type 2 AIT, in which high-dose steroid was administered intravenously, and we finally decided to perform total thyroidectomy, resulting in a complete cure of the AIT. Even though steroid had been administered to the patient (maximum 80 mg of prednisolone, the operation was performed safely and no acute adrenal crisis as steroid withdrawal syndrome was found after the operation. Few cases of type 2 AIT that underwent total thyroidectomy with high-dose steroid administration have been reported. The current case suggests that total thyroidectomy should be taken into consideration for patients with AIT who cannot be controlled by medical treatment and even in those under high-dose steroid administration.

  5. Robot-Assisted Transaxillary Thyroidectomy (RATT): A Series Appraisal of More than 250 Cases from Europe.

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    Materazzi, Gabriele; Fregoli, Lorenzo; Papini, Piermarco; Bakkar, Sohail; Vasquez, Malince Chicas; Miccoli, Paolo

    2018-04-01

    Robot-assisted transaxillary thyroidectomy (RATT) is widely accepted in Asian countries. However, concerns regarding the balance between its real advantages and safety and cost have been raised by North American authorities. In Europe, assessments have been limited by small numbers since now. The purpose here is to report a large European experience with RATT. A retrospective analysis was conducted of 257 patients who underwent RATT for nodular disease between February 2012 and September 2016. Data collected included patient demographics, diagnosis, ultrasound-estimated mean thyroid volume and nodule size, type of resection, operative time, postoperative pain and morbidity, and the hospital length of stay. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale score 12 h postoperatively (on the first postoperative day, before discharge). Feasibility, effectiveness, and safety were the outcomes of interest. Follow-up of thyroid carcinoma patients was carried out measuring thyroglobulin levels and ultrasound examination (median follow-up 24 months (6-48 months)). First control after 12 months and successively once a year. There were 253 women and 4 men, with a mean age of 37.3 years. Indications included benign disease in 116, papillary carcinoma in 56, and indeterminate nodule in 85. Mean thyroid volume was 16.8 mL, and nodule size was 25.3 mm. A hemithyroidectomy was performed in 138 patients and total thyroidectomy in 118. The mean operative time was 77.5 min for the former and 99.7 min for the latter. One conversion was required. Complications included transient hypoparathyroidism in 7/118 (total thyroidectomy) patients (5.9%), transient vocal fold palsy in 3/257 (1.1%), 1 delayed tracheal injury (0.4%), and 3 postoperative hematoma (1.1%). Mean visual analog scale score was 1.79, and the mean length of stay was 1.6 days for hemithyroidectomy and 1.9 days for total thyroidectomy. RATT is safe and effective and could serve as a viable treatment modality in selected

  6. Total Thyroidectomy in the Mouse: the Feasibility Study in the Non thyroidal Tumor Model Expressing Human Sodium/Iodide Symporter Gene

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    Shim, Hye kyung; Kim, Seog Gyun; Kim, Tae Sung; Kim, Seok ki; Lee, Sang Jin [Hospital and Research Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    This study sought to probe the feasibility of performing total thyroidectomy in the mouse using a non thyroidal hNIS expressing tumor model. Our thyroidectomy protocol included thorough excision of both lobes and the isthmus. For evaluating the completeness of thyroidectomy, we compared the {sup 99m}Tc pertechnetate scans taken before and after thyroidectomy. The prostate scans taken before and after thyroidectomy. The prostate cancer cell line was subcutaneously inoculated 2 weeks after the thyroidectomy. When the tumor reached 5-10mm in diameter, Ad5/35 E4PSESE1a hNIS was injected intratumorally, and {sup 131I} scans were performed. The radio iodine uptakes of the neck and the tumor were compared with those of the other regions. Total thyroidectomy was performed in 13 mice. Although 38.5% died during or just after thyroidectomy, the others survived in good health for 2 months. Thyroid tissue was completely eliminated using our protocol; the residual uptake of {sup 99m}Tc pertechnetate was minimal in the neck area. The neck/background uptake ratio after thyroidectomy (p<0.05). Non thyroidal tumor models were successfully established in all the surviving mice. Radioiodine accumulation in the tumors was visualized on {sup 131I} scans, and the neck uptakes were minimal. Using our total thyroidectomy protocol, we successfully established a hNIS transfected prostate cancer model with a minimal accumulation of radioiodine in the neck. The relatively high mortality after surgery can be a problem, and this might be reduced by minimizing the surgical stress.

  7. Comparison of Natural Drainage Group and Negative Drainage Groups after Total Thyroidectomy: Prospective Randomized Controlled Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Seung Hoon; Kim, Jin Pyeong; Park, Jung Je; Shim, Hyun Seok; Lee, Sang Ha; Lee, Ho Joong; Won, Seong Jun; Son, Hee Young; Kim, Rock Bum

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to compare a negative pressure drain with a natural drain in order to determine whether a negative pressure drainage tube causes an increase in the drainage volume. Materials and Methods Sixty-two patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) were enrolled in the study between March 2010 and August 2010 at Gyeongsang National University Hospital. The patients were prospectively and randomly assigned to two groups, a negative pressure drainage group (n=32) and natural drainage group (n=30). Every 3 hours, the volume of drainage was checked in the two groups until the tube was removed. Results The amount of drainage during the first 24 hours postoperatively was 41.68±3.93 mL in the negative drain group and 25.3±2.68 mL in the natural drain group (pdrainage at postoperative day 3 was not statistically different between the two groups. In addition, the vocal cord palsy and temporary and permanent hypocalcemia were not different between the two groups. Conclusion These results indicate that a negative pressure drain may increase the amount of drainage during the first 24-48 hours postoperatively. Therefore, it is not necessary to place a closed suction drain when only a total thyroidectomy is done. PMID:23225820

  8. The advanced treatment of 131I in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Kaiming; Qing Chun; Wu Jian; Luo Weihua; Zhu Yunzhi; Shen Hong

    2009-01-01

    Thyroid cancer account approximately 1.3%-1.5% of cancers all over the body, the attack rate is raising up recently. Most operation is subtotal thyroidectomy at the first time, because thyroid cancer was regarded as thyroid nodule usually account 90.5%. Operation one more time with leftover cancer rate about 41.3%, and with lymphonodi cervicales deadexis about 72.8%. Most patient reluctancy operation again in view of complication with hypoparathyroidism and injure of recurrent nerve. The efficacy of radioiodine ablation can eliminate the minimum cancer which concealed in remained thyroid glandular tissue, and cut down the recurrence rate of thyroid cancer, and destroy metastasis, in favour of long-term follow-up. A great quantity of literature report about 60% with 1.11GBq 131 I and 90% with retreatment with 1.11 GBq 131 I in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy, 131 I treatment can shorten length of stay, and decrease radiation effect, and cut down side effect and economy burden, as far as possible to achieve therapeutic efficacy. (authors)

  9. In Situ Preservation Fraction of Parathyroid Gland in Thyroidectomy: A Cohort Retrospective Study

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    Han Luo

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives. Parathyroid failure is the most common symptom after thyroidectomy. To prevent it, a gland was preserved in situ or an ischemic one was autotransplanted. This study explored the relationship between in situ preservation of the parathyroid gland and gland failure. Methods. Consecutive patients who underwent initial total thyroidectomy were enrolled retrospectively in a prospectively maintained database. Patients were divided into groups by parathyroid gland remaining in situ fraction (PGRIF (PGRIF = number of in situ glands/(total number of identified glands − number of glands in specimen. Patients were graded by tertiles and followed at least one year after surgery. Results. 559 patients were included. PGRIF is significantly inversely associated with transient hypoparathyroidism, protracted hypoparathyroidism, and postoperative hypocalcemia. PGRIF was identified as an independent risk factor for transient hypoparathyroidism, protracted hypoparathyroidism, and postoperative hypocalcemia (OR=0.177, 0.190, and 0.330, resp.. Autotransplantation of parathyroid gland would not affect the calcium level in the long term. Conclusion. In situ preservation of parathyroid gland is crucial for parathyroid function. Less preserved is the independent risk factor for postoperative hypoparathyroidism and hypocalcemia, resulting in a worse function of parathyroid gland in the long term.

  10. Relationship between hypoparathyroidism and the number of parathyroid glands preserved during thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Chang Myeon; Jung, Joo Hwan; Ji, Yong Bae; Min, Hyun Jung; Ahn, You Hern; Tae, Kyung

    2014-07-07

    The relationship between the number of parathyroid glands preserved and hypoparathyroidism is not well understood. We sought to determine the number of parathyroid glands that need to be preserved to prevent hypoparathyroidism. We analyzed 454 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma. We analyzed the frequency of hypoparathyroidism according to the number of parathyroid glands preserved. Incidental parathyroidectomy occurred in 19.8% of the patients; one parathyroid gland in 17.6%, two in 1.5%, and three in 0.7%. Transient hypoparathyroidism was increased when incidental parathyroidectomy occurred (odds ratio 1.83, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 3.23, P = 0.036) on multivariate regression analysis, but was not influenced by the actual number of parathyroid glands removed. There was no relationship between the number of parathyroid glands preserved and permanent hypoparathyroidism (P = 0.147). Preservation of all parathyroid glands decreases transient hypoparathyroidism compared with when three or fewer glands are preserved, but does not affect permanent hypoparathyroidism. During total thyroidectomy, preserving at least one parathyroid gland with an intact blood supply appears to be sufficient to prevent permanent hypoparathyroidism when autotransplantation is not performed.

  11. Visualizing fewer parathyroid glands may be associated with lower hypoparathyroidism following total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Brian Hung-Hin; Chan, Diane T Y; Chow, Felix Che-Lok

    2016-03-01

    It remains uncertain whether the number of parathyroid glands (PGs) seen during extra-capsular dissection impacts short- and long-term hypoparathyroidism. Our study aimed to address this by analyzing patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for benign disease. Consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy were analyzed. The extra-capsular dissection technique was performed throughout the study period. The number of PGs identified, auto-transplanted and found on excised specimen was recorded prospectively. The number of PGs in situ was equaled to four minus the number of PGs auto-transplanted and PGs found on specimen. Temporary hypoparathyroidism was defined as serum adjusted calcium hypoparathyroidism meant subnormal PTH (6-week oral supplements. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was defined as need for oral supplements for ≥1 year. Five-hundred and sixty-nine patients were eligible for analysis. After adjusting for other significant parameters, greater number of PGs identified was an independent risk factor for temporary (p hypoparathyroidism (p = 0.007). Mean recovery time from protracted hypoparathyroidism for identifying ≤three PGs was significantly shorter than identifying all four PGs (2.8 vs. 7.8 months, p hypoparathyroidism but also shortened recovery from protracted hypoparathyroidism.

  12. Determinants of operative time in thyroid surgery: A prospective multicenter study of 3454 thyroidectomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patoir, Arnaud; Payet, Cécile; Peix, Jean-Louis; Colin, Cyrille; Pascal, Léa; Kraimps, Jean-Louis; Menegaux, Fabrice; Pattou, François; Sebag, Frédéric; Touzet, Sandrine; Bourdy, Stéphanie; Lifante, Jean-Christophe; Duclos, Antoine

    2017-01-01

    To identify the determinants of operative time for thyroidectomy and quantify the relative influence of preoperative and intra-operative factors. Anticipation of operative time is key to avoid both waste of hospital resources and dissatisfaction of the surgical staff. Having an accurate and anticipated planning would allow a rationalized operating room use and may improve patient flow and staffing level. We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study between April 2008 and December 2009. The operative time of 3454 patients who underwent thyroidectomy performed by 28 surgeons in five academic hospitals was monitored. We used multilevel linear regression to model determinants of operative time while accounting for the interplay of characteristics specific to surgeons, patients, and surgical procedures. The relative impact of each variable on operative time was estimated. Overall, 86% (99% CI 83 to 89) of operative time variation was related to preoperative variables. Surgeon characteristics accounted for 32% (99% CI 29 to 35) of variation, center location for 29% (99% CI 25 to 33), and surgical procedure or patient variables for 24% (99% CI 20 to 27). Operative time was significantly lower among experienced surgeons having practiced from 5-19 years (-21.8 min, Pcost management.

  13. Thyroidectomy for the treatment of Graves’ thyrotoxicosis in thioamide-induced agranulocytosis and sepsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin L Knight

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A 51 year old man presented with sepsis in the setting of thioamide-induced agranulocytosis. Empiric broad-spectrum antibiotics was followed by directed narrow-spectrum antibiotics, and his neutrophil count recovered with support from granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF analogue transfusions. After a brief period of multi-modal therapy for nine days including potassium iodide (Lugol’s iodine, cholestyramine, propanolol and lithium to temper his persisting hyperthyroidism, a total thyroidectomy was performed while thyroid hormone levels remained at thyrotoxic levels. Postoperative recovery was uncomplicated and he was discharged home on thyroxine. There is limited available evidence to guide treatment in this unique cohort of patients who require prompt management to avert impending clinical deterioration. This case report summarises the successful emergent control of thyrotoxicosis in the setting of thioamide-induced agranulocytosis complicated by sepsis, and demonstrates the safe use of multi-modal pharmacological therapies in preparation for total thyroidectomy.

  14. Thyroidectomy for Painful Thyroiditis Resistant to Steroid Treatment: Three New Cases with Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Mazza

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Thyroidal pain is usually due to subacute thyroiditis (SAT. In more severe forms prednisone doses up to 40 mg daily for 2-3 weeks are recommended. Recurrences occur rarely and restoration of steroid treatment cures the disease. Rarely, patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT have thyroidal pain (painful HT, PHT. Differently from SAT, occasional PHT patients showed no benefit from medical treatment so that thyroidectomy was necessary. We report three patients who did not show clinical response to prolonged high dose prednisone treatment: a 50-year-old man, a 35-year-old woman, and a 33-year-old woman. Thyroidectomy was necessary, respectively, after nine-month treatment with 50 mg daily, two-month treatment with 75 mg daily, and one-month treatment with 50 mg daily. The two women were typical cases of PHT. Conversely, in the first patient, thyroid histology showed features of granulomatous thyroiditis, typical of SAT, without fibrosis or lymphocytic infiltration, typical of HT/PHT, coupled to undetectable serum anti-thyroid antibodies. Our data (1 suggest that not only PHT but also SAT may show resistance to steroid treatment and (2 confirm a previous observation in a single PHT patient that increasing prednisone doses above conventional maximal dosages may not be useful in these patients.

  15. Scar satisfaction and body image in thyroidectomy patients: prospective study in a tertiary referral centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sethukumar, P; Ly, D; Awad, Z; Tolley, N S

    2018-01-01

    This study is the first to evaluate scar satisfaction and body image in thyroidectomy patients using validated assessment tools. A total of 123 thyroidectomy patients were recruited over 8 months. Both patients and clinicians completed assessment tools that included: the Manchester Scar Scale (to measure scar perception), Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to assess body image), Body Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire (to screen for body dysmorphic disorder) and EQ-5D (to measure life quality). A separate image panel comprising experts and non-experts assessed 15 scar photographs. The results were analysed using non-parametric descriptive statistics. Poor body image was associated with poor scar perception (ρ = 0.178, p = 0.05). Poor life quality correlated with poor scar perception (ρ = -0.292, p = 0.001). Scar length did not affect scar perception. Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder among patients was found to be 8.94 per cent, which is higher than general population rates. Negative body image and life quality impact negatively upon scar perception.

  16. Protracted hypocalcemia following post-thyroidectomy lumbar rhabdomyolysis secondary to evolving hypoparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheema, Usman Y; Vogler, Carrie N; Thompson, Joshua; Sattovia, Stacy L; Vallurupalli, Srikanth

    2015-03-01

    Rhabdomyolysis is characterized by skeletal muscle breakdown. It is a potential cause of serious electrolyte and metabolic disturbances, acute kidney insufficiency, and death. Recently, rhabdomyolysis has been increasingly recognized following certain surgical procedures. We discuss the case of a morbidly obese 51-year-old woman who developed postoperative rhabdomyolysis of the lumbar muscles following a prolonged thyroidectomy for a large goiter. We discuss how her morbid obesity, the supine surgical position, the duration of surgery (including prolonged exposure to anesthetic agents), and postoperative immobility contributed to the development of rhabdomyolysis. Immediately after surgery, the patient developed hypocalcemia, which was likely due to rhabdomyolysis since her serum parathyroid hormone level was normal. Later, however, persistent hypocalcemia despite resolution of the rhabdomyolysis raised a suspicion of iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism, which was confirmed by a suppressed parathyroid hormone level several days after surgery. In post-thyroidectomy patients with risk factors for rhabdomyolysis, maintaining a high degree of clinical suspicion and measuring serum creatine kinase and parathyroid hormone levels can allow for an accurate interpretation of hypocalcemia.

  17. Applications for a hybrid operating room in thoracic surgery: from multidisciplinary procedures to --image-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra, Ricardo Mingarini; Andrade, Juliano Ribeiro; Mariani, Alessandro Wasum; Garcia, Rodrigo Gobbo; Succi, Jose Ernesto; Soares, Andrey; Zimmer, Paulo Marcelo

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a hybrid operating room represents the union of a high-complexity surgical apparatus with state-of-the-art radiological tools (ultrasound, CT, fluoroscopy, or magnetic resonance imaging), in order to perform highly effective, minimally invasive procedures. Although the use of a hybrid operating room is well established in specialties such as neurosurgery and cardiovascular surgery, it has rarely been explored in thoracic surgery. Our objective was to discuss the possible applications of this technology in thoracic surgery, through the reporting of three cases. RESUMO O conceito de sala híbrida traduz a união de um aparato cirúrgico de alta complexidade com recursos radiológicos de última geração (ultrassom, TC, radioscopia e/ou ressonância magnética), visando a realização de procedimentos minimamente invasivos e altamente eficazes. Apesar de bem estabelecido em outras especialidades, como neurocirurgia e cirurgia cardiovascular, o uso da sala hibrida ainda é pouco explorado na cirurgia torácica. Nosso objetivo foi discutir as aplicações e as possibilidades abertas por essa tecnologia na cirurgia torácica através do relato de três casos.

  18. Invasive Species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Invasive species have significantly changed the Great Lakes ecosystem. An invasive species is a plant or animal that is not native to an ecosystem, and whose introduction is likely to cause economic, human health, or environmental damage.

  19. Post-thyroidectomy hemorrhage: a national study of patients treated at the Danish departments of ENT Head and Neck Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godballe, Christian; Madsen, Anders Rørbaek; Pedersen, Henrik Baymler

    2009-01-01

    risk factors for hemorrhage. Increased hospital stay and infection rates were found in patients treated with drainage. The median time for onset of postoperative hemorrhage was 3 h (range 0-105). Compared with international literature our incidence of post-thyroidectomy hemorrhage is relatively high...

  20. Indocyanine green fluorescence angiography for quantitative evaluation of in situ parathyroid gland perfusion and function after total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Brian Hung-Hin; Wong, Carlos K H; Hung, Hing Tsun; Wong, Kai Pun; Mak, Ka Lun; Au, Kin Bun

    2017-01-01

    Because the fluorescent light intensity on an indocyanine green fluorescence angiography reflects the blood perfusion within a focused area, the fluorescent light intensity in the remaining in situ parathyroid glands may predict postoperative hypocalcemia risk after total thyroidectomy. Seventy patients underwent intraoperative indocyanine green fluorescence angiography after total thyroidectomy. Any parathyroid glands with a vascular pedicle was left in situ while any parathyroid glands without pedicle or inadvertently removed was autotransplanted. After total thyroidectomy, an intravenous 2.5 mg indocyanine green fluorescence angiography was given and real-time fluorescent images of the thyroid bed were recorded using the SPY imaging system (Novadaq, Ontario, Canada). The fluorescent light intensity of each indocyanine green fluorescence angiography as well as the average and greatest fluorescent light intensity in each patient were calculated. Postoperative hypocalcemia was defined as adjusted calcium 150% developed postoperative hypocalcemia while 9 (81.8%) patients with a greatest fluorescent light intensity ≤150% did. Similarly, no patients with an average fluorescent light intensity >109% developed PH while 9 (30%) with an average fluorescent light intensity ≤109% did. The greatest fluorescent light intensity was more predictive than day-0 postoperative hypocalcemia (P = .027) and % PTH drop day-0 to 1 (P parathyroid glands function and predicting postoperative hypocalcemia risk after total thyroidectomy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Hypothyroidism during neonatal and perinatal period induced by thyroidectomy of the mother causes depressive-like behavior in prepubertal rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisol Pineda-Reynoso

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Marisol Pineda-Reynoso, Edgar Cano-Europa, Vanessa Blas-Valdivia, Adelaida Hernandez-Garcia, Margarita Franco-Colin, Rocio Ortiz-ButronDepartamento de Fisiología ‘Mauricio Russek Berman,’ Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, IPN, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, MéxicoAbstract: The objective of this study was to see if neonatal and perinatal hypothyroidism caused anxiety and depressive-like behaviors. Twenty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: 1 thyroidectomy caused hypothyroidism, in which the thyroid gland had been removed and the parathyroid reimplanted; and 2 false thyroidectomy. The thyroidectomy was made on rats anesthetized with ketamine-xylazine. The rats were mated and one day after giving birth, eight pups were assigned to each group randomly and they were distributed into two groups: a hypothyroid group containing male pups of a hypothyroid mother with a hypothyroid wet nurse; and a euthyroid group of male pups of a euthyroid mother with a euthyroid wet nurse. We analyzed the behavioral test at a prepubertal age. The neonatal and perinatal hypothyroidism caused by the mother’s thyroidectomy caused a decrease in body weight and length. We found that the neonatal and perinatal hypothyroidism enhanced the total exploratory activity without affecting social contact and the time spent in the open and closed arms in an elevated plus-maze. The hypothyroidism caused immobility without altering the lower climbing duration in the swimming test. This study shows a novel model to cause neonatal and perinatal hypothyroidism without using pharmacological drugs. We demonstrated that hypothyroid animals had a reduction in body weight and length, a retardation of neurodevelopment, and they had depressive-like behavior.Keywords: perinatal hypothyroidism, thyroidectomy, thyroid hormone, behavior, metabolism

  2. Simultaneous seeding of follicular thyroid adenoma both around the operative bed and along the subcutaneous tunnel of the upper chest wall after endoscopic thyroidectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Jo Sung; Kim, Shin Young; Jung, Hae Yeon; Han, Seon Wook; Lee, Jong Eun [Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Deuk Young [Dept. of Surgery, YonseiAngelot Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-02-15

    Endoscopic thyroidectomy is considered appropriate for follicular neoplasms, but on occasion, it leads to unexpected complications such as seeding along the port insertion site. Only 4 cases of operative track seeding after endoscopic thyroidectomy have been reported. Furthermore, simultaneous seeding at both operative track of upper chest wall and operative bed is also very rare. We present a case of thyroid follicular adenoma seeding at both the subcutaneous tunnel of the upper chest wall and the operative bed after endoscopic thyroidectomy, with an emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography with pathologic correlations.

  3. [Total thyroidectomy in patients with amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism: when does the risk of conservative treatment exceed the risk of surgery?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meerwein, C; Vital, D; Greutmann, M; Schmid, C; Huber, G F

    2014-02-01

    Amiodarone plays a pivotal role in the treatment of ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias. However, amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism (AIH) is one of the most feared complications, which necessitates interdisciplinary treatment and careful balancing of the risks of conservative treatment against those of total thyroidectomy. In this article we discuss the pharmacological aspects of amiodarone and its diverse effects on the thyroid. Furthermore, we present diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and report our positive experiences with total thyroidectomy in patients with AIH. Particularly in patients for whom continuation of amiodarone treatment is compulsory, a well-timed total thyroidectomy is a reliable therapeutic option, with minimal complication rates and immediate amelioration of symptoms.

  4. Three-dimensional (3D)- computed tomography bronchography and angiography combined with 3D-video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) versus conventional 2D-VATS anatomic pulmonary segmentectomy for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    She, Xiao-Wei; Gu, Yun-Bin; Xu, Chun; Li, Chang; Ding, Cheng; Chen, Jun; Zhao, Jun

    2018-02-01

    Compared to the pulmonary lobe, the anatomical structure of the pulmonary segment is relatively complex and prone to variation, thus the risk and difficulty of segmentectomy is increased. We compared three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) combined with 3D video-assisted thoracic surgery (3D-VATS) to perform segmentectomy to conventional two-dimensional (2D)-VATS for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We retrospectively reviewed the data of randomly selected patients who underwent 3D-CTBA combined with 3D-VATS (3D-CTBA-VATS) or 2D-VATS at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Hospital, from January 2014 to May 2017. The operative duration of 3D group was significantly shorter than the 2D group (P 0.05). The extent of intraoperative bleeding and postoperative drainage in the 3D group was significantly lower than in the 2D group (P 3D group was shorter than in the 2D group (P 0.05). However, hemoptysis and pulmonary air leakage (>3d) occurred significantly less frequently in the 3D than in the 2D group (P 3D-CTBA-VATS is a more accurate and smooth technique and leads to reduced intraoperative and postoperative complications. © 2018 The Authors. Thoracic Cancer published by China Lung Oncology Group and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  5. Two breast metastases from thyroid carcinoma presented 6 years later after total thyroidectomy: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Gene Hyuk; Kang, Bong Joo; Kim, Sung Hun; Lee, Ah Won [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Na Young [Dept. of Radiology, Bucheon St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-04-15

    Thyroid carcinoma is usually indolent with good prognosis, as compared to other malignancy. Distant metastases from thyroid cancer are rare and usually manifest as multiple lesions especially in lungs, bones and lymph nodes, in advanced stages of the disease. Metastasis to the breast from thyroid carcinoma is extremely rare, with about 16 cases reported in the English literature. Herein, we reported a case of metastatic poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma, which presented as 2 breast masses in a 72-year-old woman, 6 years after total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Although the computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (USG) image findings are nonspecific oval mass with circumscribed or partially indistinct margin, metastases from thyroid cancer should be included in the differential diagnosis when recurrence of thyroid carcinoma is suspected. Also, fusion images of CT and USG are helpful to the radiologists in localizing the targeted lesion and conducting accurate USG-guided biopsy.

  6. Postoperative calcium levels as a diagnostic measure for hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Karen Manoela; Matos, Leandro Luongo de; Cernea, Cláudio Roberto; Brandão, Lenine Garcia; Araújo Filho, Vergilius José Furtado de

    2015-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to identify a fast, efficient and low-cost method to diagnose hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. One hundred and forty medical records, which contained patients' clinical and laboratory data, were retrospectively analyzed. Patient parathyroid hormone values, which were obtained immediately following operation, were compared with their ionized calcium levels the morning after surgery. This comparison was used to examine the correlation between the two variables in predicting hypoparathyroidism because measuring calcium levels is low-cost and more available in the hospitals compared to measuring parathormone (PTH) levels. There was a positive and statistically significant correlation between PTH and ionized calcium values (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = 0.456; p hypoparathyroidism, and a PTH hypoparathyroidism. In conclusion, we demonstrated that patients who had high ionized calcium levels on the first postoperative day also had high PTH levels immediately following operation and, therefore, they had lower rates of hypoparathyroidism.

  7. Occurrence of overt celiac disease in the elderly following total thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caputo, M; Brizzolara, R; Schiavo, M; Salmaso, C; Pesce, G; Bagnasco, M

    2006-10-01

    We report the case of a female patient in whom gluten-induced entheropathy was revealed at the age of 71 yr by resistance to treatment with levothyroxine (L-T4), calcium carbonate and alfacalcidol. Hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism were the consequence of a total thyroidectomy performed at the age of 65 yr for a large multinodular goiter. Six months after thyroid ablation the patient started to complain of abdominal pain, diarrhea and weight loss. Following, anemia and osteopenia were documented. A progressive increase of replacement therapy for hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism was necessary. The clinical presentation suggested a malabsorption syndrome: celiac disease (CD) was diagnosed by serological markers and duodenal biopsy. Following gluten-free diet a normalization of clinical and serological findings was observed, bone mass density improved and a reduction of L-T4, calcium and vitamin D requirements was observed.

  8. Thyroidectomy and the termination of juvenile refractoriness in the red-legged partridge (Alectoris graeca chukar)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Creighton, J.A.

    1988-01-01

    The role of thyroid hormones in the maintenance of juvenile refractoriness was studied in the red-legged partridge hybrid, Alectoris graeca chukar. Juvenile partridges, maintained on long (20L:4D) daylengths from hatch, were radiothyroidectomized at 6 1/2 weeks of age, and after 2 weeks were either held on long days or transferred to short (8L:16D) daylengths. Short-day thyroidectomized birds showed no evidence of gonadal growth 18 weeks after thyroidectomy, and neither did euthyroid controls on either short or long daylengths. Thyroidectomized birds held on long daylengths did show significant gonadal growth at this point. Further treatment with low levels of thyroxine (10 micrograms/bird) led to even greater testicular development in long-day thyroidectomized birds, but had no effect on the gonads of short-day thyroidectomized or euthyroid birds

  9. [Minimally invasive treatment for acute pancreatitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Marco

    2010-01-01

    Approximately 20% of patients with acute pancreatitis develop pancreatic necrosis, which is often complicated by secondary infection. This is a serious condition, which continues to have a death-rate of between 10% and 40% despite concerted efforts. Traditionally, management was aggressive, with open necrosectomy, but this has developed into an approach of watchful waiting, attempting to postpone surgery until necrosis can be better controlled. More recently, video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD) has become available as a minimally invasive surgical option, with the theoretical advantage of causing less trauma to these already severely ill patients. Van Santvoort et al. conducted a multicentre randomized study comparing open necrosectomy with a step-up approach consisting of percutaneous drainage followed, if necessary, by VARD. They show that a composite endpoint, consisting of major morbidity factors and mortality, occurs significantly less in the step-up approach, i.e. 40% versus 69%. Interestingly, 35% of patients in the step-up approach group were adequately treated without the need of a subsequent VARD procedure. An important subsidiary effect of this study is that care for patients with acute pancreatitis has been significantly improved, as a result of cooperation between academic and community hospitals within the Dutch Acute Pancreatitis Study Group: an expert team of experienced surgeons, specialists in gastroenterology and hepatology, and radiologists provide advice within 24 hours. Those patients in whom the disease has a complicated course can be transferred to specialised centres of treatment.

  10. The Association of Discolored Parathyroid Glands and Hypoparathyroidism Following Total Thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Brian Hung-Hin; Chan, Diane T Y; Chow, Felix Che-Lok; Wong, Kai Pun; Chang, Rita Y K

    2016-07-01

    It remains uncertain whether a parathyroid gland (PG) that appears darkened or severely bruised but still has an attached vascular pedicle should be left in situ or taken out and auto-transplanted following total thyroidectomy. Our study aimed to examine the impact of discolored PGs (DPGs) on short- and long-term hypoparathyroidism. One hundred and three patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with 4 clearly identified PGs were analyzed. Location (superior/inferior) and color of each PG were recorded. Patients without DPG were grouped into I while those with 1-2 DPGs and ≥3 DPGs were grouped into II and III, respectively. Transient hypoparathyroidism meant adjusted Ca hypoparathyroidism meant a subnormal PTH at 4-6 weeks and/or supplements >6 weeks. Permanent hypoparathyroidism meant supplements ≥1 year. Relative to I, group III had greater adjusted Ca drop at postoperative 1-h (p = 0.012), 24-h (p hypoparathyroidism. However, permanent hypoparathyroidism rate was higher than in group I than II (p = 0.019). Eight patients (25.8 %) in group I had undetectable day-1 PTH, while none in group III had undetectable day-1 PTH. Graves' disease/toxic goiter (OR 15.166, 95 % CI 2.594-88.661, p = 0.003) and excised gland weight (OR 1.028, 95 % CI 1.010-1.046, p = 0.003) were independent factors of ≥3 DPGs. PG discoloration is associated with transient hypoparathyroidism while normal colored PG with seemingly adequate blood supply does not always imply functionally normal gland. These findings highlights the need for a real-time intraoperative method to assess PG viability.

  11. Risk factors for hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy: a retrospective Chinese population study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Y

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Ying-hao Wang,* Adheesh Bhandari,* Fan Yang, Wei Zhang, Li-jun Xue, Hai-guang Liu, Xiao-hua Zhang, Cheng-ze Chen Department of Surgical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Hypocalcemia is one of the most common postoperative complications following thyroid surgery in clinical practice. The occurrence of hypocalcemia is mainly attributed to hypoparathyroidism when parathyroid glands are devascularized, injured, or dissected during the surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism following thyroidectomy. Patients and methods: A total of 278 patients who underwent thyroid surgery were analyzed retrospectively. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were performed to discover the risk factors for hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism.Results: Postoperative hypocalcemia occurred in 76 (27.3% patients and hypoparathyroidism occurred in 42 (15.1% patients. Seven factors were significantly related to the presence of postoperative hypocalcemia, namely, age (P=0.049, gender (P=0.015, lateral lymph node dissection (P=0.017, operation type (P<0.001, preoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH level (P=0.035, operation time (P=0.001, and applying carbon nanoparticles (CNs; P=0.007. Our result revealed that gender (P=0.014, lateral lymph node dissection (P=0.038, operation type (P<0.001, operative time (P<0.001, and applying CNs (P=0.001 had a significant correlation with postoperative hypoparathyroidism.Conclusion: These findings were crucial for guiding surgeons to prevent the occurrence of hypocalcemia and hypoparathyroidism. Keywords: hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, thyroidectomy, risk factor 

  12. A Case Report of Dramatically Increased Thyroglobulin after Lymph Node Biopsy in Thyroid Carcinoma after Total Thyroidectomy and Radioiodine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandana Moosavi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Thyroglobulin (Tg is an important modality for monitoring patients with thyroid cancers, especially after thyroidectomy followed by radioiodine (RAI. It is also used as a marker for burden of thyroid tissue whether malignant or benign. Although there have been several reports of rising serum Tg transiently after thyroid biopsy in intact glands and following palpation or trauma, there are no reports in the literature of elevation in Tg after biopsy of suspicious lesions in thyroidectomized patients. In this paper we report a fascinating case of a considerable and initially worrying, although ultimately transient, rise in Tg in a patient 2 years after total thyroidectomy and RAI ablation after fine needle aspiration (FNA of a suspicious thyroid bed nodule that was proven positive.

  13. Prolonged Duration of Surgery Predicts Postoperative Hypoparathyroidism among Patients Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy in a Tertiary Referral Centre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne-Holm, Emilie; Holst Hahn, Christoffer

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypoparathyroidism is a common complication following total thyroidectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of both transient and permanent hypoparathyroidism in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy in a tertiary referral centre and, furthermore...... glands, neck dissection, and experience and position of the surgeon was retrieved from the medical records. Furthermore, serum levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium were registered pre- and postoperatively and after 3 and 12 months. RESULTS: The incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism during...... the first 24 h and 3 months after surgery was 47.8 and 17.8%, respectively. Furthermore, the incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism 1 year after surgery was 10.7%. A prolonged duration of surgery was significantly associated with hypoparathyroidism. Moreover, autotransplantation of parathyroid glands...

  14. Semi-rigid single hook localization the best method for localizing ground glass opacities during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: re-aerated swine lung experimental and primary clinical results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Guang; Sun, Long; Geng, Guojun; Liu, Hongming; Li, Ning; Liu, Suhuan; Hao, Bing; Yu, Xiuyi; Jiang, Jie

    2017-12-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of currently available preoperative localization methods, including semi-rigid single hook-wire, double-thorn hook-wire, and microcoil, in localizing the pulmonary nodules, thus to select the best technology to assist video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for small ground glass opacities (GGO). Preoperative CT-guided localizing techniques including semi-rigid single hook-wire, double-thorn hook-wire and microcoil were used in re-aerated fresh swine lung for location experiments. The advantages and drawbacks of the three positioning technologies were compared, and then the most optimal technique was used in patients with GGO. Technical success and post-operative complications were used as primary endpoints. All three localizing techniques were successfully performed in the re-aerated fresh swine lung. The median tractive force of semi-rigid single hook wire, double-thorn hook wire and microcoil were 6.5, 4.85 and 0.2 N, which measured by a spring dynamometer. The wound sizes in the superficial pleura, caused by unplugging the needles, were 2 mm in double-thorn hook wire, 1 mm in semi-rigid single hook and 1 mm in microcoil, respectively. In patients with GGOs, the semi-rigid hook wires localizations were successfully performed, without any complication that need to be intervened. Dislodgement was reported in one patient before VATS. No major complications related to the preoperative hook wire localization and VATS were observed. We found from our localization experiments in the swine lung that, among the commonly used three localization methods, semi-rigid hook wire showed the best operability and practicability than double-thorn hook wire and microcoil. Preoperative localization of small pulmonary nodules with single semi-rigid hook wire system shows a high success rate, acceptable utility and especially low dislodgement in VATS.

  15. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Ablative and Non-Ablative Fractional Laser Treatments for Early Stage Thyroidectomy Scars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Uk Jang

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundOpen thyroidectomy is conventionally performed at the anterior side of neck, which is a body part with a comparatively great degree of open exposure; due to this, postoperative scarring may cause distress in patients. We aimed to compare the effects of ablative and nonablative fractional laser treatments on thyroidectomy scars. We examined medical records in a retrospective manner and analyzed scars based on their digital images by using the modified Manchester Scar Scale (mMSS.MethodsBetween February 2012 and May 2013, 55 patients with thyroidectomy scars were treated with ablative (34 patients or nonablative (21 patients fractional laser. Each patient underwent 4 laser treatment sessions in 3–4 week intervals, 1–2 months postoperatively. Scar improvement was assessed using patient images and the mMSS scale.ResultsThe mean decrease in scar score was 3.91 and 3.47 in the ablative and nonablative groups, respectively; the reduction between 2 groups did not exhibit any significant difference (P=0.16. We used the scale once again to individually evaluate scar attributes. The nonablative group accounted for a considerably higher color score value (P=0.03; the ablative group accounted for a considerably higher contour score value (P<0.01. Patient satisfaction was high and no complications occurred.ConclusionsBoth types of fractional laser treatments can be used successfully for thyroidectomy scar treatment with minimal complications; however, results indicate that higher effectiveness may be obtained from the use of ablative and nonablative lasers for hypertrophic scars and early erythematous scars, respectively. Therefore, the appropriate laser for scar treatment should be selected according to its specific characteristics.

  16. Kinetic analyses of changes in serum TSH receptor antibody values after total thyroidectomy in patients with Graves' disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshioka, Waka; Miyauchi, Akira; Ito, Mitsuru; Kudo, Takumi; Tamai, Hidekazu; Nishihara, Eijun; Kihara, Minoru; Miya, Akihiro; Amino, Nobuyuki

    2016-01-01

    We often recommend total thyroidectomy for patients with Graves' disease who wish to have a child in the near future in order to prevent fetal or neonatal hyperthyroidism, especially if the patients' serum thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) values are high. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in serum TRAb values using a quantitative third-generation assay after total thyroidectomy and the half-lives of serum TRAb values to estimate the postoperative time needed to achieve the safe TRAb value for mothers. We retrospectively examined the records of 45 Graves' disease patients who underwent a total thyroidectomy and had high serum TRAb values. We also evaluated factors that prolonged the postoperative reduction of serum TRAb values. The serum TRAb values decreased rapidly in most of the patients, especially within the early postoperative (3-month) period. The presence of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) (p=0.001), smoking (p=0.004), and serum thyroglobulin values > 0.5 ng/mL at postoperative 12 months (p=0.039) were significantly associated with prolonged half-lives of the serum TRAb values. The median TRAb value half-life was 93.5 days in the patients without GO or smoking, 162.5 days in the patients with GO or smoking, and 357.4 days in the patients with both GO and smoking. Our findings indicate that using the half-life of patients' serum TRAb values determined by this third-generation assay would be effective to evaluate the reduction of serum TRAb values after total thyroidectomy and to estimate the postoperative time needed to achieve the maternal safe value.

  17. Ultrasound diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in the patient having a history of total thyroidectomy due to thyroid malignancy

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    Nam, Seung Min; Kim, Dong Wook [Busan Paik Hospital/Inje Univ. College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-15

    This study aimed to assess the accuracy of ultrasound (US) diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy in patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy. During a follow up period after total thyroidectomy, due to known thyroid malignancy, 41 patients underwent US diagnosis and US guided fine needle aspiration for retrojugular lymphadenopathy. Each lymphadenopathy was prospectively classified by a single radiologist into 1 of 3 diagnostic categories: 'benign', 'indeterminate for malignancy', and 'malignant'. Based on the cytohistopathology result, thyroglobulin tittering, and sonographic follow up, the adequacy of US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy was assessed. Of the 41 retrojugular lymphadenopathies, malignant (n = 25) and benign (n = 16) lymphadenopathy were finally confirmed. Excluding 15 lymph nodes with indeterminate US diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, accuracy, and false positive and negative rates of US diagnosis were 100%, 66.7%, 95.8%, 100%, 96.2%, 0%, and 10%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the incidence of retrojugular lymphadenopathy, according to age, sex, and location (p > 0.05). In the patient with a history of total thyroidectomy, due to thyroid malignancy, US diagnosis for retrojugular lymphadenopathy showed a high accuracy.

  18. Preoperative Preparation with Lugol's Iodine in Thyroidectomy of Euthyroid Patients-Is it Really Mandatory?-An Otorhinolaryngologist's View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    U P, Santosh; K B, Prashanth; Karanam, Lavanya

    2014-08-01

    To elucidate the necessity of Lugol's iodine in preoperative preparation of patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Hundred and five euthyroid patients who underwent surgery without preoperative preparation of patients with Lugol's iodine were enrolled in this retrospective study conducted during the period May 2009 to August 2013 in Teaching Hospital. Indication of surgery was ranging from suspected malignancy to cosmetic reasons and compressive features like dysphagia , dyspnoea and hoarseness of voice. All patients were operated by the same surgeon where in hemi, total and subtotal thyroidectomies were performed without any usage of Lugol's iodine preoperatively. During the postoperative period the following events occurred, five patients (4.7%) had incurred recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) which was confirmed with postoperative indirect laryngoscopic examination and two patients (1.9%) with hypocalcemia (serum calcium less than 8mg/dl) which was managed conservatively and effectively. Among these five patients, three patients had (Right RLNP) and two patients had (Left RLNP) palsies. Of these four RLNP (3.8%) were temporary which improved with conservative management within 3weeks-6months duration and one (0.9%) was a permanent Rt RLNP with no improvement even after six months. Hence, we conclude that it is not of much importance to use Lugol's iodine preoperatively in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. There does not appear any convincing evidence of advantages of preoperative preparation of patients with lugol's iodine in euthyroid state undergoing surgery.

  19. Effect of Endotracheal Tube Size on Vocal Outcomes After Thyroidectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

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    Mehanna, Rania; Hennessy, Anthony; Mannion, Stephen; O'Leary, Gerard; Sheahan, Patrick

    2015-08-01

    The optimum size of endotracheal tube (ETT) for general anesthesia remains unresolved. Choice of ETT size may be of particular relevance to thyroid surgery because of the increased risk of laryngeal trauma and concerns regarding postoperative vocal outcomes. To test our hypothesis that intubation with a smaller ETT would lead to reduced postoperative vocal impairment and associated reduced laryngoscopic evidence of laryngeal trauma compared with intubation with a standard-size ETT. This double-blind randomized clinical trial studied patients 18 years and older undergoing elective thyroidectomy at an academic teaching hospital from October 15, 2012, through June 13, 2013. Patients were randomized to group 1 (standard-size ETT, 8.0 mm for men and 7.5 mm for women; n = 24) or group 2 (small ETT, 7.0 mm for men and 6.5 mm for women; n = 25). Patients were assessed preoperatively and at 24 hours and 3 weeks postoperatively. Fiberoptic videolaryngoscopy with modified scoring system, voice assessment using the GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain) rating scale, vocal self-assessment using the 30-item Voice Handicap Index, and subjective pain score. At 24 hours, no significant differences were found between patients in groups 1 and 2 in change in GRBAS scores, change in laryngoscopic score (1.71 vs 1.76, P = .90), or postoperative pain score (3.3 vs 3.2, P = .91). At 3 weeks, no significant differences were found in changes in the 30-item Voice Handicap Index score (-2.2 vs -1.3, P = .74), GRBAS scores, or laryngoscopic score (0.25 vs 0.16, P = .67). We did not find evidence that smaller ETT size for thyroidectomy has any significant effect on postoperative vocal outcomes, incidence of laryngeal trauma as assessed by laryngoscopy, or pain scores. However, because of the small sample size, our study may have been underpowered to detect small differences. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02136459.

  20. A prospective cohort study of novel functional types of parathyroid glands in thyroidectomy

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    Cui, Qiuxia; Li, Zhihua; Kong, Deguang; Wang, Kun; Wu, Gaosong

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The best method of preventing hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy is to keep parathyroid glands in situ. However, hypoparathyroidism still regularly occurs with the existing parathyroid classification system, and the incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism has not been reduced. We created a novel system for classifying parathyroid glands that can guide parathyroid preservation in thyroidectomy. We prospectively observed parathyroid glands using the new system in 218 neck surgeries, compared with 132 under the traditional system from January 2014 to September 2015 at a single clinic center. Briefly, we classified parathyroid glands as follows: Type A, no dependency on the thyroid; B1, partial blood supply from the thyroid but retains adequate blood supply after removal of the thyroid; B2, partial blood supply from the thyroid and becomes devascularized after the removal of the thyroid; B3, blood supply mostly from the thyroid; and C, blood supply completely dependent on the thyroid. The classifications were used to decide between in situ preservation or auto-transplantation. The most common type of parathyroid gland was type B1 (53.77%), followed by type A (20.89%), which are the perfect categories for in situ preservation. Type B2 (17.52%) and type B3 (1.21%) have a chance to be kept in situ. For type C (6.61%), in situ preservation is impossible. When in-situ preservation is ruled out, parathyroid auto-transplantation is an alternative, with partial or total gland tissue, depending on the classification and the surgeon's discretion. Among the patients who were classified under the new system, 43.6% presented with transient hypoparathyroidism (symptoms lasting ≤6 months) after surgery, versus 42.4% in the old system, which was not a significant difference. However, permanent hypothyroidism (symptoms lasting >6 months) was not detected in the applied group, but in 3.0% of patients in the nonapplied group (P = 0.01). Our novel functional

  1. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy precipitated by negative pressure pulmonary oedema following total thyroidectomy

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    K S Bharathi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available 'Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM' or 'stress cardiomyopathy' is a reversible cardiomyopathy that is precipitated by intense emotional or physical stress. This syndrome is characterised by symptoms mimicking acute coronary syndrome with transient systolic dysfunction associated with regional wall motion abnormalities, which extend beyond a single coronary vascular bed in the absence of obstructive coronary vascular disease. The presentation of TCM and myocardial infarction is similar with sudden onset of chest pain, breathlessness as well as abnormalities in both the electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes. It is difficult to differentiate between the two until cardiac catheterisation establishes the diagnosis. We report a case of TCM in a post-menopausal female, precipitated by negative pressure pulmonary oedema following total thyroidectomy in whom timely cardiac catheterisation established the diagnosis and influenced the management. Heightened awareness of this unique cardiomyopathy is essential to have a high index of suspicion in at-risk population for the prompt diagnosis of stress-related cardiomyopathy syndromes occurring in the perioperative period.

  2. Using body mass index to predict optimal thyroid dosing after thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojomo, Kristin A; Schneider, David F; Reiher, Alexandra E; Lai, Ngan; Schaefer, Sarah; Chen, Herbert; Sippel, Rebecca S

    2013-03-01

    Current postoperative thyroid replacement dosing is weight based, with adjustments made after thyroid-stimulating hormone values. This method can lead to considerable delays in achieving euthyroidism and often fails to accurately dose over- and underweight patients. Our aim was to develop an accurate dosing method that uses patient body mass index (BMI) data. A retrospective review of a prospectively collected thyroid database was performed. We selected adult patients undergoing thyroidectomy, with benign pathology, who achieved euthyroidism on thyroid hormone supplementation. Body mass index and euthyroid dose were plotted and regression was used to fit curves to the data. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 10.1 software (Stata Corp). One hundred twenty-two patients met inclusion criteria. At initial follow-up, only 39 patients were euthyroid (32%). Fifty-three percent of patients with BMI >30 kg/m(2) were overdosed, and 46% of patients with BMI regression equation was derived for calculating initial levothyroxine dose (μg/kg/d = -0.018 × BMI + 2.13 [F statistic = 52.7, root mean square error of 0.24]). The current standard of weight-based thyroid replacement fails to appropriately dose underweight and overweight patients. Body mass index can be used to more accurately dose thyroid hormone using a simple formula. Copyright © 2013 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. 99mTc radio-guided completion thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karyagar, Savas; Mulazimoglu, Mehmet; Oezpacaci, Tevfik; Uyanik, Ercan; Karyagar, Sevda S.; Oezdenkaya, Yasar; Karatape, Oguzhan; Bender, Oemer; Yalcin, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether or not radio-guided surgery has any beneficial effects on completion thyroidectomy (CT) and the associated complication rates. Twenty seven patients were scheduled for CT, for thyroid carcinoma, from December 2004 to June 2005, and were included in the study. All the patients had initial thyroid surgery in other centers and been referred to our clinic for CT. Operation findings and the effectiveness of 99m Tc radio-guided CT were analyzed. The intraoperative mean ratio of thyroid activity to background activity counted with a gamma probe was 1.3 ± 0.3. Average operation timing was 74 ± 9 minutes. Postoperatively, no residual tissue was detected in any of the patients with ultrasonography and thyroid scintigraphy. In the first postoperative month, serum TSH level was 61 ± 16.4 mlU/L, when preoperatively it was 7.3 ± 3.1 mlU/L (P < 0.001). In the postoperative period, one patient experienced temporary hypoparathyroidism (3.9%). Permanent hypoparathyroidism or recurrent laryngeal nerve damage was not detected in any patient. Tc-99 radio-guided CT is a reliable surgical method, which provides the detection and removal of residual thyroid tissues with minimal complications. (author)

  4. Risk of Vocal Palsy After Thyroidectomy with Identification of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve

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    Feng-Yu Chiang

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of vocal palsy after thyroidectomy with identification of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN during surgery. In all, 521 patients treated by the same surgeon were enrolled in this study. Temporary and permanent vocal palsy rates were analyzed for patient groups classified according to surgery for primary benign thyroid disease, thyroid cancer, Graves' disease, and reoperation. Measurement of the vocal palsy rate was based on the number of nerves at risk. Twentysix intentionally sacrificed RLNs were excluded from analysis. Forty patients developed postoperative unilateral vocal palsy. Complete recovery of vocal palsy was documented for 35 of the 37 patients (94.6% whose RLN integrity had been ensured intraoperatively. Recovery from temporary vocal palsy ranged from 3 days to 4 months (mean, 30.7 days. The overall incidences of temporary and permanent vocal palsy were 5.1% and 0.9%, respectively. The rates of temporary/permanent vocal palsy in groups classified according to underlying disease were 4.0%/0.2% for benign thyroid disease, 2.0%/0.7% for thyroid cancer, 12.0%/1.1% for Graves' disease, and 10.8%/8.1% for reoperation. Surgery for thyroid cancer, Graves' disease, and recurrent goiter were associated with significantly higher vocal palsy rates. Most patients without documented nerve damage during the operation recovered from postoperative vocal palsy. Total lobectomy with routine RLN identification is recommended as a basic procedure in thyroid surgery.

  5. Personal Factors that Affect the Satisfaction of Female Patients Undergoing Esthetic Suture after Typical Thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyo Young; Kim, Jung Won; Park, Jin Hyung; Kim, Jung Hun; Han, Yea Sik

    2013-07-01

    In esthetic surgery, understanding the factors that influence patient satisfaction is important for successful practice. We hypothesize that the factors that influence patient satisfaction include not only aesthetic and functional outcomes, but also personal factors such as the level of familiarity with factors affecting wound healing and expectations regarding aesthetic outcome. One hundred patients who underwent esthetic closure after thyroidectomy were included in this study. In order to evaluate the individual characteristics of the patients, a preoperative survey was administered to the patients. We estimated the patient satisfaction six months postoperatively and assessed the aesthetic and functional outcomes using the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale. According to the results of correlation analysis, level of familiarity with wound healing factors had a positive correlation with satisfaction. High expectations, pain, itching, and high observer scale score had negative correlations with satisfaction. The factors that were correlated with satisfaction were included in the multiple regression analysis. Level of familiarity with wound healing factors was found to have a positive relationship with satisfaction, while itching and observer scale were found to have a negative relationship with satisfaction. After excluding 10 patients who had hypertrophic scars, only level of familiarity with wound healing factors and expectations affected satisfaction. The level of familiarity with factors affecting wound healing and expectations were found to independently affect satisfaction. Improving patients' level of familiarity with wound healing factors and reducing their expectations by providing suitable preoperative education has the potential to improve patient satisfaction.

  6. Long-Term Results after Treatment of Very Low-, Low-, and High-Risk Thyroid Cancers in a Combined Setting of Thyroidectomy and Radio Ablation Therapy in Euthyroidism

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    Nikos Emmanouilidis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Differentiated thyroid cancer treatment usually consists of thyroidectomy and radio ablation in hypothyroidism 4-6 weeks after surgery. Replacing hypothyroidism by recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone can facilitate radio ablation in euthyroidism within one week after surgery. The outcome of this approach was investigated. Methods. This is a prospective randomized trial to compare thyroidectomy and radio ablation within a few days after preconditioning with recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone versus thyroidectomy and radio ablation separated by four weeks of L-T4 withdrawal. Tumors were graded into very low-, low- , or high-risk tumors. Recurrence-free survival was confirmed at follow-up controls by neck ultrasound and serum thyroglobulin. Suspected tumor recurrence was treated by additional radio ablation or surgery. Quality-of-life questionnaires with additional evaluation of job performance and sick-leave time were used in all patients. Results. Radio ablation in euthyroidism in quick succession after thyroidectomy did not lead to higher tumor recurrence rates of differentiated thyroid cancers in any risk category and was significantly advantageous with respect to quality-of-life (P<0.001, sick-leave time (P<0.001, and job performance (P=0.002. Conclusion. Recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone can be used safely and with good efficacy to allow radio ablation under sustained euthyroidism within one week after thyroidectomy.

  7. Uncharismatic Invasives

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    Clark, Jonathan L.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Although philosophers have examined the ethics of invasive species management, there has been little research approaching this topic from a descriptive, ethnographic perspective. In this article I examine how invasive species managers think about the moral status of the animals they seek to manage. I do so through a case study of Oregon’s efforts to manage the invasive species that are rafting across the Pacific attached to tsunami debris in the wake of the Japanese tsunami of 2011. Focusing on the state’s response to a dock that washed ashore on Agate Beach with various marine invertebrates attached to it, I argue that these animals’ position on two intersecting scales of moral worth—the sociozoologic scale and the phylogenetic scale—rendered them unworthy of moral consideration.

  8. Video-assistiertes Feedback im Praktischen Jahr der Allgemeinmedizin – am Beispiel hausärztlicher Leitlinien [Video-assisted feedback in general practice internships using German general practitioner's guidelines

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    Bölter, Regine

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available [english] Introduction: The planned modification of the Medical Licenses Act in Germany will strengthen the specialty of general practice. Therefore, medical students should get to know the daily routine of general practitioners during their academic studies. At least 10% of students should get the possibility to spend one quarter of the internship, in the last year of their academic studies, in a practice of family medicine. The demonstrated teaching method aims at giving feedback to the student based on video recordings of patient consultations (student-patient with the help of a checklist. Video-feedback is already successful used in medical teaching in Germany and abroad. This feasibility study aims at assessing the practicability of video-assisted feedback as a teaching method during internship in general practice. Teaching method: First of all, the general practice chooses a guideline as the learning objective. Secondly, a subsequent patient – student – consultation is recorded on video. Afterwards, a video-assisted formative feedback is given by the physician. A checklist with learning objectives (communication, medical examination, a structured case report according to the guideline is used to structure the feedback content. Feasibility: The feasibility was assessed by a semi structured interview in order to gain insight into barriers and challenges for future implementation. The teaching method was performed in one general practice. Afterwards the teaching physician and the trainee intern were interviewed. The following four main categories were identified: feasibility, performance, implementation in daily routine, challenges of the teaching concept.The results of the feasibility study show general practicability of this approach. Installing a video camera in one examination room may solve technical problems. The trainee intern mentioned theoretical and practical benefits using the guideline. The teaching physician noted the

  9. Risk factors of hypoparathyroidism following total thyroidectomy with central lymph node dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Anping; Wang, Bin; Gong, Yanping; Gong, Rixiang; Li, Zhihui; Zhu, Jingqiang

    2017-09-01

    The risk factors of hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy (TT) with central lymph node dissection (CND) have not been completely defined. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk factors of hypoparathyroidism after the surgery.We retrospectively reviewed our patients who underwent TT and CND (including lateral lymph node dissection) for thyroid carcinoma between January 2013 and June 2016. According to the postoperative serum levels of parathyroid hormone within 6 months, the patients were divided into normal, transient hypoparathyroidism, and permanent hypoparathyroidism groups. The clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical details were compared among the 3 groups. The risk factors of hypoparathyroidism were investigated by univariate and multivariate analyses.Of the 903 patients, 399 (44.2%) were found to have transient hypoparathyroidism and 10 (1.1%) had permanent hypoparathyroidism. On multivariate analysis, female gender (P hypoparathyroidism; nonuse of carbon nanoparticles (P = .041) and a tumor in the upper pole of thyroid gland (P = .031) were the independent risk factors of permanent hypoparathyroidism. Patients with transient hypoparathyroidism were more likely to develop permanent hypoparathyroidism when they had hypertension (P = .026) and a tumor in the upper pole of thyroid gland (P = .010).Precise surgical techniques and carbon nanoparticles suspension should be applied for in situ preservation of parathyroid glands (PGs) in thyroid carcinoma patients, especially in females with hypertension and a tumor in the upper pole of thyroid gland. Autotransplantation is only performed when a PG is resected inadvertently or devascularized. TT with BCND should be better performed by an experienced surgeon to reduce the incidence of hypoparathyroidism.

  10. Tetraplegia after thyroidectomy in a patient with cervical spondylosis: a case report and literature review.

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    Xiong, Wei; Li, Feng; Guan, Hanfeng

    2015-02-01

    Cervical spondylosis is degeneration of the cervical spine that occurs during the normal course of aging, and may progress into compression of the spinal cord, or cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), which can cause neurologic dysfunction. Cervical spondylosis can be identified in the majority of people older than 50 years. Many people with cervical spondylosis or CSM are asymptomatic. However, patients with CSM are at higher risk of spinal cord injury (SCI) following minor injury.A 60-year-old woman with asymptomatic cervical spondylosis underwent an elective subtotal thyroidectomy for thyroid nodules. After the surgery, she developed tetraplegia. MRI revealed spinal cord compression and injury. Main diagnoses, therapeutics interventions, and outcomes: Acute cervical SCI was diagnosed. After an emergency anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion surgery, she almost completely recovered.Iatrogenic cervical SCI after nonspinal surgeries that requires neck hyperextension is rarely reported, probably due to underdiagnosis and underreport. Among the 14 cases (including ours) published in the literature, most patients had cervical spondylosis and were senior men. Five patients had diabetes. Four patients had long-term hemodialysis. Seven patients had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery that requires prolonged operative time. Only 3 patients had almost complete recovery. Most patients were disabled. Two patients required tracheostomy for long-term ventilator support. Two patients died. These cases reiterate the potential risk of iatrogenic SCI in people with predisposing conditions such as cervical spondylosis, especially considering the rising prevalence and severity of cervical spondylosis caused by the aging of the population and modern sedentary lifestyle. Surgeries requiring prolonged neck hyperextension put patients with cervical spondylosis at risk for SCI. Failure to recognize the potential occurrence of iatrogenic SCI might endanger patients' lives.

  11. Personal Factors that Affect the Satisfaction of Female Patients Undergoing Esthetic Suture after Typical Thyroidectomy

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    Hyo Young Kim

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundIn esthetic surgery, understanding the factors that influence patient satisfaction is important for successful practice. We hypothesize that the factors that influence patient satisfaction include not only aesthetic and functional outcomes, but also personal factors such as the level of familiarity with factors affecting wound healing and expectations regarding aesthetic outcome.MethodsOne hundred patients who underwent esthetic closure after thyroidectomy were included in this study. In order to evaluate the individual characteristics of the patients, a preoperative survey was administered to the patients. We estimated the patient satisfaction six months postoperatively and assessed the aesthetic and functional outcomes using the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale.ResultsAccording to the results of correlation analysis, level of familiarity with wound healing factors had a positive correlation with satisfaction. High expectations, pain, itching, and high observer scale score had negative correlations with satisfaction. The factors that were correlated with satisfaction were included in the multiple regression analysis. Level of familiarity with wound healing factors was found to have a positive relationship with satisfaction, while itching and observer scale were found to have a negative relationship with satisfaction. After excluding 10 patients who had hypertrophic scars, only level of familiarity with wound healing factors and expectations affected satisfaction.ConclusionsThe level of familiarity with factors affecting wound healing and expectations were found to independently affect satisfaction. Improving patients' level of familiarity with wound healing factors and reducing their expectations by providing suitable preoperative education has the potential to improve patient satisfaction.

  12. Optimal carbon dioxide insufflation pressure during robot-assisted thyroidectomy in patients with various benign and malignant thyroid diseases

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    Kim Hoon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Currently, data are not available concerning a safe insufflation pressure that provides a proper view of the surgical field without adverse metabolic and hemodynamic changes in humans undergoing the robot-assisted thyroidectomy bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA using the da Vinci robotic surgical system. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal carbon dioxide (CO2 insufflation pressure in patients with various benign and malignant thyroid diseases when using the da Vinci robotic surgical system. Methods A total of 32 patients underwent thyroid surgery at 6 (n = 15, 9 (n = 15, and 12 (n = 2 mmHg. The partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2, pH, cardiac output, heart rate, and mean arterial pressure were measured at baseline, 30 min and 1, 1.5, and 2 hours after CO2 insufflation, and 30 min after desufflation. Results CO2 insufflation of 12 mmHg caused severe facial subcutaneous emphysema, hypercarbia, and acidosis during robot-assisted thyroidectomy with BABA. The study was stopped before completion for the patients’ safety in accordance with the study protocol. Applying 6- or 9- mmHg of CO2 insufflation pressure caused increases in PaCO2 and decreases in arterial pH. However, vital signs were stable and pH and PaCO2 were within the physiologic range during the surgery in the 6- and 9-mmHg groups. Conclusions We propose that a CO2 insufflation pressure under 10 mmHg in robot-assisted thyroidectomy with BABA is the optimal insufflation pressure for patient safety.

  13. Effect of thyroidectomy and thyroxine on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-induced immunotoxicity

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    Pazdernik, T.L.; Rozman, K.K.

    1985-02-18

    Radiothyroidectomy protected against 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced immunotoxicity in rats as assessed by the spleen anti-SRBC plaque-forming cell assay. Thyroxin (T/sub 4/) replacement therapy partially reversed the effects of thyroidectomy on T/sub 4/ and triiodothyronine (T/sub 3/) serum levels, body weight and immune function as well as restored TCDD-induced immunotoxicity. Thus, hypothyroidism induced by TCDD exposure can be viewed as a protective response of the organism to reduce the insult caused by TCDD.

  14. Effect of thyroidectomy and thyroxine on 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-induced immunotoxicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pazdernik, T.L.; Rozman, K.K.

    1985-01-01

    Radiothyroidectomy protected against 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced immunotoxicity in rats as assessed by the spleen anti-SRBC plaque-forming cell assay. Thyroxin (T 4 ) replacement therapy partially reversed the effects of thyroidectomy on T 4 and triiodothyronine (T 3 ) serum levels, body weight and immune function as well as restored TCDD-induced immunotoxicity. Thus, hypothyroidism induced by TCDD exposure can be viewed as a protective response of the organism to reduce the insult caused by TCDD

  15. Late effect of subtotal thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine therapy on calcitonin secretion and bone mineral density in women treated for Graves' disease

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    Lowery, W.D.; Thomas, C.G. Jr.; Awbrey, B.J.; Rosenstein, B.D.; Talmage, R.V.

    1986-12-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the effect of subtotal thyroidectomy and/or radioactive iodine therapy on plasma immunocalcitonin (iCT) levels and bone densities in patients treated for Graves' disease. Forty-eight women whose ages ranged from 29 to 79 years (mean, 55 years) were evaluated. All were at least 10 years beyond treatment. Fourteen patients had undergone subtotal thyroidectomy, 22 had received radioactive iodine therapy, and 12 had received both. Serum calcitonin levels were measured with the patient fasting and at 30 minutes and 2 hours after the ingestion of 15 mg of calcium in orange juice. Single photon absorptiometry was used to measure bone mineral density of the middle and distal radius. The mean fasting plasma levels of iCT for patients undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy was 27 +/- 2 mumol/L; women treated with radioactive iodine, 26 +/- 2; women undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy followed by radioactive iodine, 24 +/- 2, and for normal control women, 48.5 +/- 4.7. The mean stimulated iCT level of each of the patient groups was significantly lower than that of the normal controls (p = 0.01). There were no significant differences among the groups. Although there was an increased loss of bone mineral density in postmenopausal patients, with age and race as covariates, the bone densities of the distal radius in women undergoing subtotal thyroidectomy and/or receiving radioactive iodine were not significantly lower than those of normal control subjects (p greater than 0.05). These findings are consistent with other observations that patients treated by thyroidectomy and/or radioactive iodine for Graves' disease have lower basal levels of calcitonin and decreased calcitonin response to a provocative stimulus. Whether this loss of calcitonin reserve is a significant factor in development of postmenopausal osteoporosis remains unanswered.

  16. Bulectomia bilateral por cirurgia torácica vídeo-assistida uniportal combinada com acesso contralateral ao mediastino anterior Bilateral bullectomy through uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery combined with contralateral access to the anterior mediastinum

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    Nan Song

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A cirurgia torácica vídeo-assistida (CTVA tem sido uma intervenção de escolha para o tratamento de pneumotórax espontâneo (PS com bolha pulmonar. Nosso objetivo foi apresentar uma abordagem de CTVA uniportal unilateral para bulectomia bilateral e avaliar sua eficácia terapêutica. MÉTODOS: Entre maio de 2011 e janeiro de 2012, cinco pacientes foram submetidos a bulectomia bilateral por essa abordagem. Todos apresentavam PS bilateral. A TCAR pré-operatória mostrou que todos os pacientes tinham bolhas bilaterais no pulmão apical. As indicações cirúrgicas, os procedimentos de operação e os desfechos foram revisados. RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes foram submetidos com sucesso a essa abordagem para bulectomia bilateral, sem complicações intraoperatórias. A mediana de tempo para a retirada do dreno torácico foi de 4,2 dias, e a mediana do tempo de hospitalização no pós-operatório foi de 5,2 dias. A mediana de seguimento pós-operatório foi de 11,2 meses. Um paciente teve recidiva de PE do lado esquerdo três semanas após a cirurgia e foi submetido a abrasão pleural. CONCLUSÕES: A bulectomia bilateral utilizando CTVA uniportal combinada com acesso contralateral ao mediastino anterior é tecnicamente confiável e promove desfechos favoráveis para pacientes com PS que desenvolvem bolhas bilaterais no pulmão apical. Entretanto, para a realização desse procedimento cirúrgico, são necessários cirurgiões com experiência em CTVA, instrumentos toracoscópicos longos, entre outras exigências.OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS has been a surgical intervention of choice for the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP with lung bulla. Our objective was to introduce a uniportal VATS approach for simultaneous bilateral bullectomy and to evaluate its therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: Between May of 2011 and January of 2012, five patients underwent bilateral bullectomy conducted using this approach. All

  17. Thyroid gland invasion in total laryngectomy and total laryngopharyngectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the English literature.

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    Kumar, R; Drinnan, M; Robinson, M; Meikle, D; Stafford, F; Welch, A; Zammit-Maempel, I; Paleri, V

    2013-10-01

    Advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas carry an inherent risk of invading thyroid parenchyma leading to the incorporation of a hemithyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy as part of a total laryngectomy. In some centres, thyroid gland removal occurs routinely during surgery for T3 and T4 laryngopharyngeal carcinoma. However, the incidence of invasion is low, and therefore, thyroid-sparing surgery must be considered for select cases. The primary goal of the review is to assess the true incidence of thyroid gland invasion in laryngopharyngeal carcinoma. Utilising this data we aim to identify risk factors and clinical predictors of thyroid gland invasion to facilitate in a more targeted approach in the surgical management of advanced laryngopharyngeal carcinoma. A systematic review and meta-analysis of all published data and review of case series at Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals (NuTH). MEDLINE (1946-2012) and EMBASE (1980-2012) were searched. A single reviewer conducted the systematic review with a follow-up ancestry search. Studies publishing case series of T3 and T4 laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated by total laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy and partial or total thyroidectomy, with pathological assessment for thyroid gland invasion rates were selected. Articles published prior to 1977 were excluded due to the advent of whole organ sectioning. The literature search identified 16 studies suitable for inclusion, with 1180 cases. The NuTH case series identified 107 patients. The overall pooled incidence of thyroid gland invasion in 1287 patients is 10.7% (95% CI 7.6-14.2). Patients with primary subglottic tumours (relative risk 7.5; 95% CI 4.3-13.0) and disease extension into the subglottis (relative risk 4.3; 95% CI 2.5-7.2) have a significantly higher relative risk of thyroid gland invasion. Radiorecurrent tumours and hypopharyngeal tumours did not have an increased risk of thyroid gland invasion. Advanced laryngeal and

  18. Remission of anorexia nervosa after thyroidectomy: A report of two cases with Graves' disease and anorexia nervosa

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    Noguchi Hitoshi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report two patients with anorexia nervosa and Graves' disease who received subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease and concomitantly experienced remission from anorexia nervosa. Both were young women (aged 20 and 26 at the time of surgery. Both had well controlled thyroid function and eating behavior at the time of surgery. Both were followed for over five years without relapse of anorexia nervosa or hyperthyroidism. These cases suggest the existence of an endocrine factor originating from the thyroid gland that is involved in the pathogenesis of anorexia nervosa. Since patients of thyroidectomy can remain in good health with supplement of thyroxine alone, it can be hypothesized that this anorexigenic endocrine factor is an evolutionary relic not necessary for the normal function of humans and does not have physiological effects unless secreted beyond normal levels. Given that, it implies the existence of a creature in the animal kingdom for which such an anorexigenic hormone is essential for survival. Migrating birds eat beyond their caloric expenditure before migration and become anorexic for the duration of their flight. It is also known that their thyroid function is elevated during migration. The normal physiology of migration is a complex mechanism involving the hypothalamic, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal and reproductive hormones. The mechanism of disease, however, can be simpler. A review of the literature is presented that suggest a heretofore unreported thyroid hormone, which is involved in the regulation of migration behavior, may be the responsible factor behind anorexia nervosa.

  19. The utility of lymph node mapping sonogram and thyroglobulin surveillance in post thyroidectomy papillary thyroid cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miah, Chowdhury F; Zaman, Jessica A; Simon, Mitchell; Davidov, Tomer; Trooskin, Stanley Z

    2014-12-01

    The American Thyroid Association recommends lymph node mapping (LNM) ultrasonography 6-12 months after thyroidectomy for patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The yield of LNM over thyroglobulin (TG) screening is not well defined. We sought to investigate this relationship. Post thyroidectomy LNM was performed on 163 patients with PTC. LNM was considered positive based on these criteria: Loss of fatty hilum (LOFH), microcalcifications, hypervascularity, architectural distortion, or short axis (>8 mm). Serum TG levels were compared to LNM and fine needle aspiration (FNA). Sixty-nine patients had suspicious LNM (42%) and 17 had PTC on FNA (25%). There were 135 suspicious lymph nodes described with malignant nodes found in 6 of 65 patients (9%) with LOFH, 13 of 18 patients (76%) with microcalcifications, 11 of 12 patients (92%) with hypervascularity, 16 of 28 patients (52%) with architectural distortion, and 4 of 7 patients (52%) with enlarged size on FNA. The positive predictive value of LNM was 0.34, increasing to 0.66 when LOFH was excluded. Among 152 patients with documented TG data, LNM identified cervical nodal metastasis in 4 patients with TG < 0.5 pg/mL (anti-TG antibody negative, thyroid-stimulating hormone suppressed). Of the 15 patients with positive anti-TG antibody, 3 with recurrence were found on LNM. LNM can detect recurrent PTC when TG level is undetectable, and LOFH is a low-yield sonographic characteristic. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Comparison of EMG signals recorded by surface electrodes on endotracheal tube and thyroid cartilage during monitored thyroidectomy

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    Feng-Yu Chiang

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A variety of electromyography (EMG recording methods were reported during intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN in thyroid surgery. This study compared two surface recording methods that were obtained by electrodes on endotracheal tube (ET and thyroid cartilage (TC. This study analyzed 205 RLNs at risk in 110 patients undergoing monitored thyroidectomy. Each patient was intubated with an EMG ET during general anesthesia. A pair of single needle electrode was inserted obliquely into the TC lamina on each side. Standard IONM procedure was routinely followed, and EMG signals recorded by the ET and TC electrodes at each step were compared. In all nerves, evoked laryngeal EMG signals were reliably recorded by the ET and TC electrodes, and showed the same typical waveform and latency. The EMG signals recorded by the TC electrodes showed significantly higher amplitudes and stability compared to those by the ET electrodes. Both recording methods accurately detected 7 partial loss of signal (LOS and 2 complete LOS events caused by traction stress, but only the ET electrodes falsely detected 3 LOS events caused by ET displacement during surgical manipulation. Two patients with true complete LOS experienced temporary RLN palsy postoperatively. Neither permanent RLN palsy, nor complications from ET or TC electrodes were encountered in this study. Both electrodes are effective and reliable for recording laryngeal EMG signals during monitored thyroidectomy. Compared to ET electrodes, TC electrodes obtain higher and more stable EMG signals as well as fewer false EMG results during IONM.

  1. Features of radionuclide research after thyroidectomy at the thyroid gland cancer

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    David В Dolidze

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AimTo clarify the possibility of postoperative radioisotope studies in determining the remnants of thyroid tissue in patients with thyroid carcinoma.Materials and methodsThe work is based on the study results of surgical treatment and postoperative examination of 120 patients with thyroid cancer, at the Botkin hospital during the period from 2007 to 2013. All patients were performed extrafascial intervention. 118 (98.3% patients were provided thyroidectomy (including lymph node dissection. For all patients in the postoperative period after 2–4 weeks were performed thyroid and whole-body scan with iodine and technetium, as well as ultrasound and computed tomography of the neck and the chest cavity.ResultsDuring the research, 16 (13.3% patients after scanning with 123I (7 (5.8% patients, 131I (3 (2.5% patients, 99mTs-Pertechnetate (6 (5% patients and applying them consistently (6 (5% patients received the accumulation of the radiopharmaceutical in the operation area, as in the midline in the area of the isthmus, and the locations of the right, left and pyramidal thyroid share. These facts were interpreted as an accumulation of the isotope in the remnants of thyroid tissue after surgery. With additional research methods were revealed swelling and infiltration of tissues in 10 (8.3% cases in the sterno-hyoid and sterno-thyroid muscles, and in 6 (5% cases – in the paratracheal and paralaryngeal areas. After fine-needle aspiration biopsy from infiltrative zone was received cytology of nonspecific inflammation. All patients received antiinflammatory and antibiotic therapy with a positive effect. Control ultrasound noted a gradual reduction of the inflammatory infiltrate. After 6 months of thyroid scan was recorded decrease area of uptake, and a year later its complete disappearance.ConclusionsThus, postoperative radionuclide scanning in patients with thyroid gland carcinoma in some cases gives false-positive results, regardless of the type

  2. Replacement therapy with levothyroxine modulates platelet activation in recent-onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desideri, G; Bocale, R; D'Amore, A; Necozione, S; Boscherini, M; Carnassale, G; Barini, A; Barini, A; Bellantone, R; Lombardi, C P

    2017-10-01

    Subclinical hypothyroidism has been linked to increased risk of atherosclerotic disease. Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), mainly derived from activated platelets, and the lipid peroxidation product 8-iso-prostaglandin F 2α (8-iso-PGF 2α ) are known to play a relevant pathophysiological role in atherogenesis. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between thyroid hormones and circulating levels of sCD40L and 8-iso-PGF 2α in patient with recent-onset post-thyroidectomy subclinical hypothyroidism under replacement therapy. Circulating levels of thyroid hormones, sCD40L, and 8-iso-PGF 2α were assessed in 40 recently thyroidectomized patients (33 females, mean age 52.0 ± 11.7 years) at baseline (5-7 day after surgery) and after 2 months under replacement therapy with levothyroxine (LT-4). At baseline, circulating levels of thyroid hormones were indicative of a subclinical hypothyroidism (TSH 7.7 ± 3.9 μU/mL, FT3 1.8 ± 0.6 pg/mL, and FT3 8.9 ± 3.0 pg/mL). Circulating levels of sCD40L and 8-iso-PGF 2α were directly correlated with each other (r = 0.360, p = 0.023) and with TSH levels (r = 0.322, p = 0.043 and r = 0.329 p = 0.038, respectively). After 2 months under the replacement therapy with LT-4 circulating levels of TSH (from 7.7 ± 3.9 to 2.7 ± 2.8 μU/mL, p hypothyroidism to develop atherosclerotic disease. Copyright © 2017 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Validation of intra-operative parathyroid hormone and its decline as early predictors of hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy: A prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Shailesh; Chaudhary, Poras; Durga, Chikkala K; Naskar, Dipankar

    2015-06-01

    Total thyroidectomy is a preferred surgical technique for benign as well as malignant thyroid pathologies, but many a times can cause hypoparathyroidism. The aim of this study is to evaluate the intra-operative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) level and its decline as predictors for post-operative hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. In this single-centre prospective cohort study, 90 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for benign as well as malignant pathologies of thyroid gland were studied. Intra-operative parathyroid levels and at different time intervals parathyroid hormone and serum calcium levels were measured to predict hypoparathyroidism. The data was analysed using independent sample t test and p value hypoparathyroidism. Intra-operative PTH was found to be most accurate predictor for diagnosing post-operative hypoparathyroidism (cut off was (11.3 pg/ml, calculated using ROC curves) and has maximum sum of sensitivity (91.7%) and specificity (97%). On taking cut off values of intra-operative PTH and PTH decline together, they were found to be most accurate predictor for permanent hypoparathyroidism. Early and accurate predictor of hypoparathyroidism is very important and always sought. Very early prediction during intra-operative periods can be used for auto transplantation of parathyroid gland. Intra-operative parathyroid hormone and its decline are accurate, reliable, and early predictor of hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Limited. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. The impact of prophylactic dexamethasone on nausea and vomiting after thyroidectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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    Zhenhong Zou

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of prophylactic dexamethasone on post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV, post-operative pain, and complications in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: We searched Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs that evaluated the prophylactic effect of dexamethasone versus placebo with or without other antiemetics for PONV in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Meta-analyses were performed using RevMan 5.0 software. RESULTS: Thirteen RCTs that considered high quality evidence including 2,180 patients were analyzed. The meta-analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in the incidence of PONV (RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.63, P < 0.00001, the need for rescue anti-emetics (RR 0.42, 95% CI 0.30 to 0.57, P<0.00001, post-operative pain scores (WMD -1.17, 95% CI -1.91 to -0.44, P = 0.002, and the need for rescue analgesics (RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.50-0.83, P = 0.0008 in patients receiving dexamethasone compared to placebo, with or without concomitant antiemetics. Dexamethasone 8-10mg had a significantly greater effect for reducing the incidence of PONV than dexamethasone 1.25-5mg. Dexamethasone was as effective as other anti-emetics for reducing PONV (RR 1.25, 95% CI 0.86-1.81, P = 0.24. A significantly higher level of blood glucose during the immediate post-operative period in patients receiving dexamethasone compared to controls was the only adverse event. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic dexamethasone 8-10mg administered intravenously before induction of anesthesia should be recommended as a safe and effective strategy for reducing the incidence of PONV, the need for rescue anti-emetics, post-operative pain, and the need for rescue analgesia in thyroidectomy patients, except those that are pregnant, have diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, or contraindications for dexamethasone. More high quality trials are warranted to define the

  5. Absence of survival benefit of radioactive iodine (RAI) after thyroidectomy in low risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwartz, C.; Fieffe, S.; Pochart, J.M. [Endocrinology Nuclear Medicine, Institut Jean Godinot, Reims (France); Bonnetain, F.; Gauthier, M.; Cueff, A. [Statistics and Epidemiology, Centre Georges Francois Leclerc, Dijon (France); Crevisy, E.; Dygai-Cochet, I.; Toubeau, M. [Nuclear Medicine, Centre Georges Francois Leclerc, Dijon (France)

    2012-07-01

    After thyroidectomy, the goal of the first dose of radioactive iodine (RAI) is remnant ablation to facilitate the initial staging with the post-therapy scan and to facilitate the early detection of recurrences. The purpose of this study is to the survival benefit of RAI in low-risk thyroid cancer patients. Using Cancer thyroid registry of Marne Ardennes (1041 patients) and hospital data base of centre Leclerc (257 patients), we included all differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients at low risk from 1975 to 2005. Median follow-up was 10.3 years, during which 19 recurrences, 61 other malignant diseases and 105 deaths were registered. 387 patients (30%) received no RAI and 911 had RAI (70%). If we confirmed that some clinical characteristics were associated with RAI intake, the study failed to demonstrate any survival benefit of RAI in low risk DTC patients

  6. Endoscopic thyroidectomy along with bilateral central neck dissection (ETBC) increases the risk of transient hypoparathyroidism for patients with thyroid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Dapeng; Xie, Liangqi; Li, Zhiyu; Wang, Ping; Ye, Mao; Zhu, Mingzhu

    2016-09-01

    Increasing number of patients with thyroid carcinoma, especially young female patients, prefer to choose endoscopic thyroidectomy with bilateral central neck dissection (ETBC) for perfect cosmetic effects. However, the incidence of hypoparathyroidism after ETBC has not been well studied. Ninety six patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were enrolled. All patients, including 49 ETBC and 47 open surgery patients, underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral central neck dissection (CND). Some patients also underwent lateral neck dissection simultaneously. The incidence of hypoparathyroidism and parathyroid hormone (PTH) level were examined. Patients in the open surgery group had more advanced lesions, with larger tumor (p = 0.000), older age (p = 0.000), and more serious local involvement. The dissection extent of the open group was significantly larger than that of the ETBC group (p = 0.006). In contrast, the ETBC group with less dissection extent showed a significantly higher incidence of transient hypoparathyroidism than the open group (59.2 vs. 29.6 %, p = 0.004). The average PTH decline of the ETBC group was significantly higher than that of the open group on postoperative day 1 (POD1) (32.1 vs. 21.6 pg/ml, p = 0.010). Furthermore, the ETBC group had a significantly higher portion of patients with a PTH hypoparathyroidism. Autotransplantation and inadvertent removal rates of parathyroid did not differ between the two groups. Although generally considered a safe method for patients with thyroid carcinoma, ETBC may increase the risk of transient hypoparathyroidism compared with conventional open surgery.

  7. Intra- and postoperative parathyroid hormone-kinetics do not advocate for autotransplantation of discolored parathyroid glands during thyroidectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Promberger, Regina; Ott, Johannes; Kober, Friedrich; Mikola, Barbara; Karik, Michael; Freissmuth, Michael; Hermann, Michael

    2010-12-01

    Thyroidectomy continues to pose the risk of typical complications, including postoperative hypocalcemia and permanent hypoparathyroidism. The strategic decision on how to preserve parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion relies on assessing the viability of the parathyroid glands (PGs). The aim of this study was to assess parathyroid discoloration as an indicator for loss of parathyroid function. The prospective study included 29 patients (24 women, 5 men; age 53.2 ± 13.0 years) who underwent near-total or total thyroidectomy. An intra- and postoperative PTH and calcium monitoring was performed. The intraoperative situs of the PGs was documented by a study protocol. The patients were grouped in three categories: group A, 12 patients with four visualized and normally colored PGs; group B, 13 patients with four visualized and three or four discolored PGs; group C, 4 patients who had undergone autotransplantation of two PGs. Compared to group A, groups B and C showed sharper intraoperative PTH declines. PTH values recovered more quickly in group B than in group C. However, no significant differences in PTH kinetics were found in the general linear model for repeated measures (p = 0.132). However, a significantly higher incidence of protracted hypocalcemia-related symptoms for more than 14 postoperative days was found for group C (50.0%) than for groups A (0%) and B (0%; p = 0.011). None of the patients developed permanent hypoparathyroidism. The function of discolored PGs is only transiently impaired and recovers within a short time after surgery. Our observations do not support autotransplantation as a generally applicable first-line intervention for discolored PGs in the absence of other criteria for autotransplantation.

  8. Invasive amebiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grecu, F; Bulgariu, Teodora; Blanaru, Oana; Dragomir, C; Lunca, Claudia; Stratan, I; Manciuc, Carmen; Luca, V

    2006-01-01

    Digestive amoebiasis with his invasive form is an unusual pathology encountered in the temperate zone. This could lead to a life threatening complication: systemic amoebiasis. A 55-year-old male was treated successfully of systemic amoebiasis in a third referral hospital. The diagnosis was established based on epidemiology data and microscopical identification of trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica. The amoebicidal, antibiotic and supportive treatments was firstly administrated. The clinical picture of intestinal amoebiasis raised from dysenteric syndrome to necrotizing enteritis. The bowel perforation with localized peritonitis was followed by chronic enteric fistula. Amoebic liver abscess, as the most frequent extraintestinal complication, was concomitantly diagnosed and treated. Urinary amoebiasis was considered as complication in the context of systemic dissemination: any other location could become a site of an amoebic abscess. Multidisciplinary approach was the successful key in the management of the patient, including antiparasitic therapy and antibiotic prophylaxis, intensive care and multiple surgical approaches. The diagnosis of digestive amoebiasis and systemic complication may be delayed in nonendemic areas, leading to advanced and complicated stages of the disease. The surgical approach is most efficiently to treat a large liver amoebic abscess and intraperitoneal collections.

  9. A rare case of asymptomatic radioiodine-avid renal and brain metastases 20 years after hemi-thyroidectomy for adenomatous goiter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santhosh, Sampath; Bhattacharya, Anish; Verma, Roshan Kumar; Lal, Anupam; Mittal, Bhagwant Rai

    2016-01-01

    A 65-year-old patient, with a history of left hemi-thyroidectomy for adenomatous goiter 20 years previously, was found to have pulmonary lesions on chest X-ray, a brain lesion on computerized tomography (CT), and elevated serum thyroglobulin (Tg). While completion thyroidectomy revealed that no pathological evidence of thyroid malignancy, radioiodine-avid pulmonary, brain, and renal and bone lesions were identified on diagnostic as well as posttherapy whole body planar scintigraphy and single photon emission computed tomography-CT. Subsequent ultrasonography-guided biopsy of a renal nodule showed thyroid follicular cells. This case suggests that metastatic differentiated thyroid carcinoma should be suspected in asymptomatic patients with incidentally detected lesions, raised serum Tg, and history of thyroid lesions

  10. Rate of thyroglossal duct remnant visualization after total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma and its impact on clinical outcome of radioactive iodine (I-131) ablation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohamed Sayed, Mohamed Hosny; Saleh Farghaly, Hussein Rabie; Fadl, Fahd Ahmad

    2015-01-01

    The rate and impact of thyroglossal duct remnant (TGDR) visualization in patients with hypothyroidism after total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) have not yet been fully determined. The aim of this study was to assess the rate of TGDR visualization in post total thyroidectomy whole body scan (WBS) for DTC and to evaluate its impact on the outcome of I-131 ablation. A total of 60 consecutive DTC patients (51 papillary thyroid Ca., and 9 Follicular thyroid Ca.), underwent total thyroidectomy, followed by WBS (using I-131 in 28 patients and I-123 in 32 patients), neck ultrasound (US), thyroglobulin (Tg) and Tg anti-bodies (TgAb) assay after 40 days and subsequent I-131 ablation. At 6 months later follow-up I-131 WBS, neck U/S, Tg and TgAb were performed following suspension of L-thyroxine for 1-month (thyroid stimulating hormone [TSH] >30 μIU/ml) in 53 patients and following recombinant human TSH stimulation in seven patients. Of the studied 60 patients, 19/60 (31.7%) had a linear or focal radioactivity at the superior midline of the neck, suggesting TGDR (Group 1), and 41/60 (68.3%) had no uptake to suggest TGDR (Group 2). No significant difference regarding age, gender and histopathology between both groups. Neck US showed no evidence of thyroid tissue in the superior midline of the neck in both groups, and only a small or no residual thyroid tissue in patients of Group 1. There was a significant successful I-131 ablation rate among patients of group 1 compared to group 2 (79% in Group 1 vs. 41.5% in Group 2) (P = 0.007). Thyroglossal duct remnant visualization on WBS of hypothyroid subjects after total thyroidectomy suggests presence of only a small or no residual functioning thyroid tissue at the thyroid bed and can predict a good response to I-131 ablation

  11. Is {sup 131}I ablation necessary for patients with low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma and slightly elevated stimulated thyroglobulin after thyroidectomy?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosario, Pedro Weslley; Mourao, Gabriela Franco, E-mail: pedrowsrosario@gmail.com [Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa

    2016-02-15

    Objective: This prospective study evaluated the recurrence rate in low-risk patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) who presented slightly elevated thyroglobulin (Tg) after thyroidectomy and who did not undergo ablation with {sup 131}I. Subjects and methods: The study included 53 low-risk patients (non aggressive histology; pT1b-3, cN0pNx, M0) with slightly elevated Tg after thyroidectomy (> 1 ng/mL, but ≤ 5 ng/mL after levothyroxine withdrawal or ≤ 2 ng/mL after recombinant human TSH). Results: The time of follow-up ranged from 36 to 96 months. Lymph node metastases were detected in only one patient (1.9%). Fifty-two patients continued to present negative neck ultrasound. None of these patients without apparent disease presented an increase in Tg. Conclusions: Low-risk patients with PTC who present slightly elevated Tg after thyroidectomy do not require ablation with {sup 131}I. (author)

  12. Prospective randomized study on injury of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve during thyroidectomy comparing intraoperative nerve monitoring and a conventional technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuoka, Hiroo; Miyauchi, Akira; Higashiyama, Takuya; Yabuta, Tomonori; Fukushima, Mitsuhiro; Ito, Yasuhiro; Kihara, Minoru; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Yamada, Osamu; Nakayama, Ayako; Miya, Akihiro

    2015-10-01

    The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) is susceptible to injuries during thyroidectomy, causing voice impairment. Intraoperative nerve monitoring may facilitate identification of the nerve, reducing voice impairment. A total of 252 patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to group N (the NIM-Response 3.0 system was used) or group C (the conventional technique using the Vari-Stim 3 was used) to identify the external branch of the SLNs. The primary endpoint was the identification rate of the external branch of the SLN. The secondary endpoint was the incidence of postoperative voice impairment. The visual and the electrostimulatory identification rates of the external branch of the SLN in group N and group C were 48.8% versus 17.8% (p < .001) and 89.2% versus 17.8% (p < .001), respectively. The proportion of female patients who had subjective voice impairment was significantly smaller in group N than in group C. The use of the NIM-Response 3.0 significantly improved the identification rate of the external branch of the SLN during thyroidectomy, reducing voice impairment. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Preoperative Preparation with Lugol’s Iodine in Thyroidectomy of Euthyroid Patients-Is it Really Mandatory?-An Otorhinolaryngologist’s View

    Science.gov (United States)

    K.B, Prashanth; Karanam, Lavanya

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To elucidate the necessity of Lugol’s iodine in preoperative preparation of patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Materials and Methods: Hundred and five euthyroid patients who underwent surgery without preoperative preparation of patients with Lugol’s iodine were enrolled in this retrospective study conducted during the period May 2009 to August 2013 in Teaching Hospital. Indication of surgery was ranging from suspected malignancy to cosmetic reasons and compressive features like dysphagia , dyspnoea and hoarseness of voice. Results: All patients were operated by the same surgeon where in hemi, total and subtotal thyroidectomies were performed without any usage of Lugol’s iodine preoperatively. During the postoperative period the following events occurred, five patients (4.7%) had incurred recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) which was confirmed with postoperative indirect laryngoscopic examination and two patients (1.9%) with hypocalcemia (serum calcium less than 8mg/dl) which was managed conservatively and effectively. Among these five patients, three patients had (Right RLNP) and two patients had (Left RLNP) palsies. Of these four RLNP (3.8%) were temporary which improved with conservative management within 3weeks-6months duration and one (0.9%) was a permanent Rt RLNP with no improvement even after six months. Conclusion: Hence, we conclude that it is not of much importance to use Lugol’s iodine preoperatively in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. There does not appear any convincing evidence of advantages of preoperative preparation of patients with lugol’s iodine in euthyroid state undergoing surgery. PMID:25302223

  14. Mutação BRAF em pacientes idosos submetidos à tireoidectomia BRAF mutation in the elderly submitted to thyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Augusto T. Bertelli

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência da mutação V600E do gene BRAF em pacientes com mais de 65 anos de idade submetidos à tireoidectomia, correlacionando sua presença ou ausência com as diferentes lesões histológicas, com as variantes e com fatores prognósticos do carcinoma papilífero. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 85 pacientes com mais de 65 anos de idade submetidos à tireoidectomia, analisando a mutação BRAF V600E através de reação de PCR-RT realizada após a extração do DNA dos blocos de parafina. RESULTADOS: Detectou-se ausência ou presença da mutação BRAF V600E em 47 pacientes (55,3%. Entre os 17 carcinomas papilíferos estudados, sete apresentavam a mutação (41,2%. Demonstrou-se associação estatística entre a presença desta mutação e a variante clássica do carcinoma papilífero, além de tendência de associação com o extravasamento tireoideano. CONCLUSÃO: A mutação BRAF nos pacientes idosos também é exclusiva do carcinoma papilífero e tem frequência expressiva. Além disso, está relacionada à variante clássica e, possivelmente, ao extravasamento tireoideano.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of the BRAF V600E mutation in patients over 65 years of age undergoing thyroidectomy, correlating its presence or absence with the different histologic lesions, their variants and with prognostic factors of papillary carcinoma. METHODS: We evaluated 85 patients over 65 years of age who underwent thyroidectomy, analyzing the BRAF V600E mutation by RT-PCR performed after DNA extraction from the paraffin blocks. RESULTS: The study detected the presence or absence of BRAF V600E mutation in 47 patients (55.3%. Among the 17 papillary carcinomas studied, seven had the mutation (41.2%. There was a statistical association between the presence of this mutation and the classic variant of papillary carcinoma, and a trend of association with thyroid extravasation. CONCLUSION: BRAF mutation in the elderly is also exclusive of

  15. Clinical significance of thyroglobulin autoantibodies enhancement in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer after thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N V Severskaya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to evaluate the clinical utility of antithyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb as a tumor marker in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC after thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation. Patients and methods. From 345 consecutive DTC patients after thyroidectomy and radioiodine ablation we select ed 148 patients with elevated TgAb level (with distant metastasis n = 93, without distant metastasis n = 55. Serum TgAb concentration was measured before radioiodine ablation and then every time before 131I treatment (RIT or diagnostic 131I whole body scanning (WBS. Results were compared with serum thyroglobulin (Tg concentration, neck echography, lung and bone roentgenography and 131I WBS findings. Results. TgAb level was elevated in 21% DTC patients before 131I ablation. The other 22% with initially normal TgAb displayed their rising during followup. In absence of distant metastasis TgAb declined after 1 st–2 nd cycle of RIT (an average 8.9 months after 131I ablation. Persistance or rising of TgAb in the longer term was associated with detectable thyroid remnant, residual tumor or metastatic lymph nodes. In case of negative TgAb status after sugery an increase of TgAb during first 3–6 months after ablation indicated mostly a response to the rise of Tg antigen secondary to 131I ablation. A rise TgAb in the longer term (after 3rd–5th cycles of RIT indicated to residual or recurrent disease in 86% cases. In patients with distant metastasis there were no correlation between change in TgAb concentration and clinical sta tus, including the rate of regression of metastatic disease. But in case of low or undetectable Tg and permanent high TgAb level only TgAb indicated the presence of disease. Conclusion: persistence or rising TgAb in longer term after 131I ablation can serve as surrogate tumor marker of per sistent or recurrent disease. It is critical to measure TgAb concentration, especially in patients with low or unde tectable Tg, because

  16. A prospective cohort study of novel functional types of parathyroid glands in thyroidectomy: In situ preservation or auto-transplantation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Qiuxia; Li, Zhihua; Kong, Deguang; Wang, Kun; Wu, Gaosong

    2016-12-01

    The best method of preventing hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy is to keep parathyroid glands in situ. However, hypoparathyroidism still regularly occurs with the existing parathyroid classification system, and the incidence of permanent hypoparathyroidism has not been reduced. We created a novel system for classifying parathyroid glands that can guide parathyroid preservation in thyroidectomy.We prospectively observed parathyroid glands using the new system in 218 neck surgeries, compared with 132 under the traditional system from January 2014 to September 2015 at a single clinic center. Briefly, we classified parathyroid glands as follows: Type A, no dependency on the thyroid; B1, partial blood supply from the thyroid but retains adequate blood supply after removal of the thyroid; B2, partial blood supply from the thyroid and becomes devascularized after the removal of the thyroid; B3, blood supply mostly from the thyroid; and C, blood supply completely dependent on the thyroid. The classifications were used to decide between in situ preservation or auto-transplantation.The most common type of parathyroid gland was type B1 (53.77%), followed by type A (20.89%), which are the perfect categories for in situ preservation. Type B2 (17.52%) and type B3 (1.21%) have a chance to be kept in situ. For type C (6.61%), in situ preservation is impossible. When in-situ preservation is ruled out, parathyroid auto-transplantation is an alternative, with partial or total gland tissue, depending on the classification and the surgeon's discretion. Among the patients who were classified under the new system, 43.6% presented with transient hypoparathyroidism (symptoms lasting ≤6 months) after surgery, versus 42.4% in the old system, which was not a significant difference. However, permanent hypothyroidism (symptoms lasting >6 months) was not detected in the applied group, but in 3.0% of patients in the nonapplied group (P = 0.01).Our novel functional nomenclature system

  17. Dyshormonal states of the reproductive system in women after thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M. Kvachenyuk

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Using ultrasound data and content of gonadotropin and sex hormones in the blood, the morphological and functional state of the mammary glands, the uterus and the ovaries were studied in women after thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy, who were taken suppressive therapy with levothyroxine drugs that allows to estimate the hormonal supply of the menstrual cycle and the state of reproductive system. The signs of menstrual cycle disorders and luteal phase deficiency were revealed during the treatment, and dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands was also diagnosed in 82.6 % of cases due to prolonged relative hyperestrogenism and hyperplastic diseases of the uterus and the ovaries, including genital endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia, uterine myomas, were identified in 80.4 % of cases. A long-term monitoring (every 3 months of thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroglobulin, thyroglobulin antibodies, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, progesterone, free testosterone, estradiol levels and also the correction of cycle supply using hormonal and non-hormonal methods are needed for this category of patients.

  18. A Trial of Two Anesthetic Regimes for Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moscarelli, Marco; Terrasini, Nora; Nunziata, Anna; Punjabi, Prakash; Angelini, Gianni; Solinas, Marco; Buselli, Alba; Sarto, Paolo Del; Haxhiademi, Dorela

    2018-01-31

    Minimally invasive mitral valve repair may be associated with prolonged cardioplegic arrest times and ischemic reperfusion injury. Intravenous (propofol) and volatile (sevoflurane) anesthesia are used routinely during cardiac surgery and are thought to provide cardioprotection; however, the individual contribution of each regimen to cardioprotection is unknown. Therefore, the authors sought to compare the cardioprotective effects of propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair. A single-center single-blind randomized controlled trial. A specialized regional cardiac surgery center in Italy. The study enrolled 62 adults undergoing elective isolated minimally invasive mitral valve repair for degenerative disease. Exclusion criteria included secondary mitral regurgitation, previously treated coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure requiring dialysis, atrial fibrillation, and documented allergy to either propofol or sevoflurane. All patients received video-assisted minimally invasive right minithoracotomy. Patients were randomized to receive propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia in a 1:1 ratio. Cardiac troponin I release was measured over the first 72 hours postoperatively. Operative, cross-clamp, and total bypass times were similar between groups. Cardiac troponin I release was reduced nonsignificantly in the propofol group (p = 0.62), and peak troponin I release was correlated with cross-clamp time in both groups. There were no differences in terms of intraoperative lactate release and blood pH between groups. Propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia were associated with similar degrees of myocardial injury, indicating comparable cardioprotection. Myocardial injury was related directly to the duration of cardioplegic arrest. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. National invasive species program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anna Rinick

    2007-01-01

    The structure and function of the National Invasive Species Council was presented below. The names and contact information for the USDA Invasive Species coordinators as of February 2006 were presented on the next page.

  20. Clinical Usefulness between High Dose Radioiodine Therapy and Helicobacter Pylori Infection after Total Thyroidectomy due to Well Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yun, Kuk No; Lim, Seok Tae; Moon, Eun Ha; Kim, Jin Suk; Jeong, Young Jin; Kim, Dong Wook; Jeong, Hwan Jeong; Sohn, Myung Hee

    2009-01-01

    Helicobacter (H) pylori infection has been considered the most important cause of gastritis, dyspepsia, and gastroduodenal ulcer. Radioiodine can be accumulated in the remaining thyroid tissue, salivary gland, and stomach. We investigated if the high radiation induced by radioiodine in the stomach after high dose radioiodine therapy (HD-RIT) is effective in the eradication of H. pylori infection. One hundred ninety nine patients (M:F=33:166, age 46.7±12.3 years) who had HD-RIT (dose 159.1±25.9 mCi, range 120-250 mCi) after thyroidectomy due to well differentiated thyroid cancer were enrolled. To detect H. pylori infection, the urea breath tests (UBT) were performed at 1 hour before HD-RIT and at 4 weeks after HD-RIT. The results of UBT were classified as positive (≥50 dpm) or negative (<50 dpm), and analyzed its values. Of 199 patients, 103 (51.8%) patients had positive UBT before HD-RIT. Of these, 80 patients had follow-up UBT after HD-RIT. Among them, 76 (95.0%) patients had persistent positive UBT and only 4 (5.0%) patients were changed negative UBT. Among 76 patients with persistent positive UBT, 26 (34.2%) patients had increased the values of follow-up UBT, 49 (64.5%) had decreased them, and 1 (1.3%) had shown the same value. The different values of UBT between before and after HD-RIT were 62±66.1 dpm in increased one of follow-up UBT, and 153.3±157.1 dpm in decreased one of follow-up UBT. We conclude that the radiation induced by HD-RIT is ineffective in the eradication of H. pylori infection. However, it could be influential the degree or distribution of H. pylori infection

  1. Cost-effectiveness analysis of antithyroid drug therapy, 131I therapy and subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yano, Fuzuki; Watanabe, Sadahiro; Hayashi, Katsumi; Kita, Tamotsu; Yamamoto, Masayoshi; Kosuda, Shigeru; Tanaka, Yuji

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of antithyroid drug (ATD) therapy vs. radioiodine therapy (RIT) vs. subtotal thyroidectomy (STT) by calculating expected lifelong cost and utility based on Graves' disease patients' responses to questionnaires using a decision-tree sensitivity analysis and relevant variables. The decision-tree sensitivity analysis to determine expected lifelong cost and utility in Graves' disease patients was designed on the basis of the 4 competing strategies consisting of: (1) ATD therapy plus RIT strategy, (2) ATD therapy plus STT strategy, (3) low-fixed-dose (185 MBq) RIT alone strategy, and (4) high-fixed-dose (370 MBq) RIT alone strategy. One-way sensitivity analysis was designed in the ATD therapy plus RIT strategy, for replacement with RIT in place of ATD, ranging from a 1% incidence of ATD side effects to 30%. The low-fixed-dose RIT alone strategy was least costly, and the high-fixed-dose RIT alone strategy most costly. The lifelong utility of high-fixed-dose RIT alone strategy with a 5% rate of discounting was highest (lifelong utility for 30 years: 15.2/patient), and the utility of the ATD plus RIT strategy with 1% side effects of the ATD was lowest (14.1/patient). The cost-effectiveness ratio was lowest (yen 5 008/utility) in a low-fixed-dose RIT alone strategy. In conclusion, a low-fixed-dose RIT alone strategy is preferred treatments in view of cost-effectiveness ratio, and RIT should be used more widely in Japan. (author)

  2. Clinical Usefulness between High Dose Radioiodine Therapy and Helicobacter Pylori Infection after Total Thyroidectomy due to Well Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Kuk No; Lim, Seok Tae; Moon, Eun Ha; Kim, Jin Suk; Jeong, Young Jin; Kim, Dong Wook; Jeong, Hwan Jeong; Sohn, Myung Hee [Chonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    Helicobacter (H) pylori infection has been considered the most important cause of gastritis, dyspepsia, and gastroduodenal ulcer. Radioiodine can be accumulated in the remaining thyroid tissue, salivary gland, and stomach. We investigated if the high radiation induced by radioiodine in the stomach after high dose radioiodine therapy (HD-RIT) is effective in the eradication of H. pylori infection. One hundred ninety nine patients (M:F=33:166, age 46.7{+-}12.3 years) who had HD-RIT (dose 159.1{+-}25.9 mCi, range 120-250 mCi) after thyroidectomy due to well differentiated thyroid cancer were enrolled. To detect H. pylori infection, the urea breath tests (UBT) were performed at 1 hour before HD-RIT and at 4 weeks after HD-RIT. The results of UBT were classified as positive ({>=}50 dpm) or negative (<50 dpm), and analyzed its values. Of 199 patients, 103 (51.8%) patients had positive UBT before HD-RIT. Of these, 80 patients had follow-up UBT after HD-RIT. Among them, 76 (95.0%) patients had persistent positive UBT and only 4 (5.0%) patients were changed negative UBT. Among 76 patients with persistent positive UBT, 26 (34.2%) patients had increased the values of follow-up UBT, 49 (64.5%) had decreased them, and 1 (1.3%) had shown the same value. The different values of UBT between before and after HD-RIT were 62{+-}66.1 dpm in increased one of follow-up UBT, and 153.3{+-}157.1 dpm in decreased one of follow-up UBT. We conclude that the radiation induced by HD-RIT is ineffective in the eradication of H. pylori infection. However, it could be influential the degree or distribution of H. pylori infection.

  3. The Effects of Intravenous Lidocaine Infusions on the Quality of Recovery and Chronic Pain After Robotic Thyroidectomy: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Controlled Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Kwan Woong; Nam, Kee-Hyun; Lee, Jeong-Rim; Chung, Woong Youn; Kang, Sang-Wook; Joe, Young Eun; Lee, Jae Hoon

    2017-05-01

    The effect of the systemic lidocaine on postoperative recovery has not been definitively investigated despite its analgesic efficacy after surgery. The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, controlled study was to evaluate the effect of intravenously administered lidocaine on the quality of recovery and on acute and chronic postoperative pain after robot-assisted thyroidectomy. Ninety patients who were undergoing robotic thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to the lidocaine or the control groups. The patients received 2 mg/kg of lidocaine followed by continuous infusions of 3 mg/kg/h of lidocaine (Group L) or the same volume of 0.9% normal saline (Group C) intravenously during anesthesia. The acute pain profiles and the quality of recovery, which was assessed using the quality of recovery-40 questionnaire (QoR-40), were evaluated for 2 days postoperatively. Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) and sensory disturbances at the surgical sites were evaluated 3 months after surgery. The QoR-40 and pain scores that were assessed during the 2 days that followed surgery were largely comparable between the groups. However, CPSP was more prevalent in the Group C than in the Group L (16/43 vs. 6/41; p = 0.025). The tactile sensory score 3 months after the operation was significantly greater in the Group L than in the Group C (7 vs. 5; p = 0.001). Systemic lidocaine administration was associated with reductions in CPSP and sensory impairment after robot-assisted thyroidectomy although it was not able to reduce acute postsurgical pain or improve the quality of recovery. Trial registry number NCT01907997 ( http://clinicaltrials.gov ).

  4. Changes of LH, TSH, GH, FSH and PRL in pituitaries and sera of rats after thyroidectomy and thyroxine treatment as studied by radioimmunoassay and disc electrophoresis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suzuki, M.; Kakegawa, T.; Shibasaki, K.; Langer, P.

    1978-01-01

    Rat pituitary hormones (LH, TSH, GH, FSH and PRL) were located in polyacrylamide gels after the separation of rat pituitary homogenate with the aid of disc electrophoresis. Furthermore, the incorporation of 3 H-glucosamine and 14 C-leucine into various protein fractions of incubation media and pituitaries incubated for 6 h in vitro, homogenized and then subjected to disc electrophoresis was measured in six groups of rats: 1. control; 2. two weeks after thyroidectomy (Tx); 3.-6. two weeks after thyroidectomy and injected 20 μg L-thyroxine (T 4 ) i.p. per animal at 6, 12, 24 and 48 h before sacrifice, respectively. A decrease of 14 C-leucine incorporation into GH and PRL after thyroidectomy was found which was improved by T 4 treatment. Moreover, an increase of 3 H-glucosamine and 14 C-leucine incorporation into TSH zone and origin zone was observed, the former presumably representing the extracted TSH and the latter consisting of unextracted portion of TSH, other hormones and unidentified proteins. Such increase was significantly less after T 4 treatment. Finally, changes of radioimmunoassayable LH, TSH, GH, FSH and PRL in pituitaries and sera of analogous groups of rats, but consisting of other animals were measured. The content of TSH in the pituitary slightly increased after Tx, but increased further after T 4 treatment. In contrast, the content of all other hormones in the pituitary decreased after Tx, while T 4 treatment resulted in a stepwise increase. In plasma, a significant decrease of GH and PRL after Tx was found with no remarkable changes after T 4 treatment. The level of LH and FSH was unchanged, while that of TSH increased significantly after Tx and sharply decreased to the original level already 6 h after the injection of T 4 . (author)

  5. Total versus near-total thyroidectomy in Graves’ disease and their outcome on postoperative transient hypoparathyroidism: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maschuw Katja

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Graves’ disease is an independent risk factor for transient postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Besides the disease itself, preparation techniques are influential. Transient postoperative hypoparathyroidism has severe consequences for patients’ physical and psychological state. It can be life threatening during the acute phase and may impair patients’ health, psyche and quality of life thereafter. For the surgical therapy of Graves’ disease, total thyroidectomy is recommended according to the national S2-guideline. The evidence- based on a metaanalysis- is criticized by the Cochrane diagnostic review commentary for substantial methodological deficits. Two randomized controlled trials lead to the hypothesis that a near-total resection with bilateral remnants of ≤ 1g on each side compared to total thyroidectomy will significantly reduce the occurrence of transient postoperative hypoparathyroidism with equal therapeutic safety. Methods/Design Patients with Graves’ disease indicated for definite surgery are eligible for the trial. Trial-specific exclusion criteria are: conservative treatment, malignancy, previous thyroid surgery and coincident hypoparathyroidism. The trial is created for therapeutic purpose through process innovation. It is designed as a prospective randomized controlled patient and observer blinded multicentered trial in a parallel design including an active comparator and an intervention group. The intervention addresses the surgical procedure: near-total thyroidectomy leaving bilateral remnants of ≤ 1g on each side in the intervention group and total thyroidectomy in the control group. The occurrence of transient postoperative hypoparathyroidism is defined as primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints are: reoperations due to bleeding, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, permanent hypoparathyroidism, recurrent disease, changes of endocrine orbitopathy and quality of life within a one-year follow-up period

  6. Is hungry bone syndrome a cause of postoperative hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy in thyrotoxicosis? A prospective study with bone mineral density correlation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karunakaran, Poongkodi; Maharajan, Chandrasekaran; Ramalingam, Srinivasan; Rachmadugu, Suresh Venkatesh

    2018-02-01

    Hungry bone syndrome is a well-established cause of postoperative hypocalcemia in thyrotoxicosis. To date, the incidence of hungry bone syndrome after total thyroidectomy is unclear. This prospective study examined the incidence of postthyroidectomy hungry bone syndrome and its correlation with preoperative bone mineral density. Forty thyrotoxic subjects (Group A; age: mean ± SD; 36.5 ± 9.8 years) and 40 euthyroid controls with benign thyroid nodules (Group B) undergoing total thyroidectomy were evaluated for preoperative bone mineral density and serum calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, alkaline phosphatase, and 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D serially. At least 3 parathyroid glands were preserved. Both groups were age and sex matched. Thyrotoxic subjects had higher postoperative hypocalcemia (82.5% vs controls 22.5%, 95% confidence interval 37.9 to 75.4), low preoperative bone mineral density and raised alkaline phosphatase (each, P = .001). Among thyrotoxic subjects experiencing hypocalcemia (n = 33), 39.4% (13/33) exhibited hungry bone syndrome (characterized by simultaneous fall in serum calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus), 18.1% (6/33) had hypoparathyroidism and 12% had hypomagnesemia. Hypocalcemic subjects exhibiting hungry bone syndrome displayed further decreased preoperative bone mineral density in the spine (0.875 ± 0.138 vs 1.024 ± 0.149 g/cm 2 , P = .004) and low serum magnesium 72-hour postsurgery (0.57 ± 0.23 vs 0.88 ± 0.25 mmol/L, P = .013) than those not exhibiting hungry bone syndrome. Postoperative serum calcium correlated with preoperative bone mineral density in the spine (P = .013). In group B subjects experiencing hypocalcemia (n = 9), none exhibited hungry bone syndrome but 77.78% (7/9) had hypoparathyroidism. All but one was eucalcemic after 6 months. Hungry bone syndrome occurs exclusively in thyrotoxic subjects and constitutes the major cause of postoperative hypocalcemia

  7. [A case of advanced esophageal cancer with direct bronchial invasion successfully treated by multidisciplinary therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haba, Yusuke; Okamoto, Koichi; Watanabe, Toshifumi; Tsukada, Tomoya; Kinoshita, Jun; Makino, Isamu; Nakamura, Keishi; Oyama, Katsunobu; Ninomiya, Itasu; Fushida, Sachio; Fujimura, Takashi; Ohta, Tetsuo

    2014-11-01

    A 66-year-old man with advanced esophageal cancer (staging Mt, 6.0 cm, cT3N0M0, cStage II) was administered neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC: 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin). As the tumor continued to grow after one course of NAC, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery(VATS) was used to perform an esophagectomy along with 3-field lymph node dissection and retrosternal route reconstruction using a gastric tube. The second course of NAC was not administered. Intraoperative findings showed the direct invasion of the primary esophageal cancer into the membranous portion of the left bronchus. The maximum possible tumor tissue was resected and removed. The tumor tissue was exposed extensively to the surface of the esophageal adventitia and a residual tumor at the surface of the left bronchus was suspected. It was diagnosed as CT-pT4 (left bronchus), N0, M0, CT-pStage III. Subsequently, we administered chemoradiotherapy consisting of weekly low-dose docetaxel with radiation for the residual tumor (60 Gy/30 Fr). The patient is still alive 40 months after surgery without any signs of recurrence.

  8. Management of focal atrial tachycardias originating from the atrial appendage with the combination of radiofrequency catheter ablation and minimally invasive atrial appendectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xiao-gang; Zhang, Jin-lin; Ma, Jian; Jia, Yu-he; Zheng, Zhe; Wang, Hong-yue; Su, Xi; Zhang, Shu

    2014-01-01

    Focal atrial tachycardias (ATs) originating from the left and the right atrial appendage (AA) were the most difficult to eliminate. To evaluate the safety and long-term efficacy of minimally invasive surgical atrial appendectomy in combination with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in the management of focal atrial appendage tachycardias (AATs). We included 42 consecutive patients with 42 AATs confirmed by activation mapping and contrast venography. Thirty of them were successfully managed with RFCA (RFCA-successful group), while the remaining 12 (28.6%) finally resorted to video-assisted thoracoscopic atrial appendectomy owing to RFCA failure (resort-to-surgery group). We searched for predictors of RFCA failure, and the need for surgery by using a binomial logistic regression model. In the RFCA-successful group, 6 (20.0%) patients experienced recurrence and re-do ablation and 11 (36.7%) AATs originated from distal AAs. In the resort-to-surgery group, the tachycardias involved exclusively distal AAs and required more RFCA attempts compared with those of the RFCA-successful group (1.58 ± 0.51 vs 1.20 ± 0.41; P = .0165). During atrial appendectomy, incessant ATs were terminated immediately after resection of the AA at the base. Long-term success was achieved in all 42 patients with a follow-up of 29.1 ± 17.5 months. No complications occurred. Fourteen patients with tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy recovered fully. We identified origin at distal AATs and longer time to tachycardia termination by ablation as predictors of RFCA failure and the need for surgical intervention. ATs originating from the distal portion of AA were more refractory to RFCA. The combination of catheter ablation and video-assisted thoracoscopic atrial appendectomy was an effective strategy to manage AATs. © 2014 Heart Rhythm Society Published by Heart Rhythm Society All rights reserved.

  9. First-Line Use of Vemurafenib to Enable Thyroidectomy and Radioactive Iodine Ablation for BRAF-Positive Metastatic Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bao D. Dao MD

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background. Patients with metastatic or radioactive iodine refractory papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC have poor prognosis due to ineffective therapy for this condition beyond surgery and radioactive iodine (RAI or 131I. BRAF mutation occurs in more than 44% of PCT. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors, the most commonly used agents for these patients, have weak BRAF inhibition activity. BRAF inhibitors have demonstrated promising efficacy in relapsed metastatic PCT after standard treatment, though they are not currently approved for this indication. Case Presentation. We present the case of a 48-year-old Hispanic male who initially presented with columnar-cell variant subtype of PTC and positive BRAFV600E mutation. The patient had widespread bulky metastases to lungs, chest wall, brain, and bone. Discussion. Initial use of vemurafenib demonstrated a 42% cytoreduction of targeted pulmonary metastases and facilitated thyroidectomy and RAI treatment. The patient achieved a durable response over 21 months in the setting of widely metastatic disease. Conclusion. Vemurafenib may be effectively used for cytoreduction in patients with bulky metastatic PTC to bridge them to thyroidectomy and RAI treatment.

  10. Clinicopathological Risk Factors and Biochemical Predictors of Safe Discharge after Total Thyroidectomy and Central Compartment Node Dissection for Thyroid Cancer: A Prospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-mi Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine the clinicopathological risk factors and reliable biochemical predictors of the development of hypocalcemic symptoms after total thyroidectomy on the basis of serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH levels measured 1 hour after surgery, a prospective study was performed on 817 patients who underwent a total thyroidectomy with central compartment node dissection (CCND due to well-differentiated thyroid cancer. We evaluated the correlations between hypocalcemic symptom development and clinicopathological factors. And the predictability for hypocalcemic symptom development of intact PTH cut-offs (<10 pg/mL and <20 pg/mL, resp. according to serum calcium level subgroup was analyzed. Female gender (P<0.001 was the only independent risk factor for hypocalcemic symptom development in multivariate regression analysis. The negative predictive value (NPV of intact PTH, signifying nondevelopment of hypocalcemic symptoms, was higher than the positive predictive value (PPV which signified development of hypocalcemic symptoms. In addition, when we applied the different adoption of the intact PTH cut-off according to serum calcium level, we could obtain more increased NPVs. A female gender and the application of more specific cut-offs for intact PTH according to the serum calcium levels measured 1 hour after surgery may help the patients to be more safely discharged.

  11. Hypothyroidism and hyponatremia: data from a series of patients with iatrogenic acute hypothyroidism undergoing radioactive iodine therapy after total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vannucci, L; Parenti, G; Simontacchi, G; Rastrelli, G; Giuliani, C; Ognibene, A; Peri, A

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of hypothyroidism as a cause of hyponatremia in a clinical model of iatrogenic acute hypothyroidism due to thyroid hormone withdrawal prior to ablative radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy after total thyroidectomy. The study group consisted of 101 differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients (77 women and 24 men). Plasma concentration of thyroid-stimulating hormone ([TSH]) and sodium ([Na + ]) was evaluated before total thyroidectomy (pre[TSH] and pre[Na + ]) and on the day of RAI therapy (post[TSH] and post[Na + ]). The frequency of hypothyroidism-associated hyponatremia was 4 % (4/101). Pre[Na + ] was significantly higher than post[Na + ] (140.7 ± 1.6 vs 138.7 ± 2.3 mEq/L, p = 0.012). Moreover, a linear correlation was identified between pre[Na + ] and post[Na + ]. Iatrogenic acute hypothyroidism-related hyponatremia is uncommon. However, because of the significant reduction of [Na + ] in the transition from euthyroidism to iatrogenic hypothyroidism, the value of pre[Na + ] should be viewed as a parameter to be considered. Since it acts as an independent risk factor for the development of hyponatremia, patients with a pre[Na + ] close to the lower limit of normal range may deserve a closer monitoring of [Na + ].

  12. Pre-Operative Lugol's Iodine Treatment in the Management of Patients Undergoing Thyroidectomy for Graves' Disease: A Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hope, Nicholas; Kelly, Andrew

    2017-02-01

    To undertake a review of the relevant English literature published on the pre-operative use of Lugol's iodine in the management of patients undergoing thyroidectomy for Graves' disease. We reviewed all relevant papers found through Ovid Medline, PubMed, EMBASE and the American Thyroid Association website. Searches were limited to the English language only. The critical appraisal tool CASP was used to help analyse the papers. Following this, the evidence was ranked using the Harbour and Miller classification of hierarchy. Four papers were deemed appropriate for analysis. The evidence contained within the review is considered weak. The literature available in the public domain regarding the use of iodinated solutions in the pre-operative period for those patients about to undergo thyroidectomy for Graves' disease is scant. Having undertaken an extensive literature review, we are of the opinion that the evidence on which the American Thyroid Association's guidance on the use of preoperative Lugol's iodine is based is tenuous. There appears to be little in the way of sound clinical evidence that post-operative outcomes are any different following a course of Lugol's iodine. Given the lack of robust clinical evidence regarding the clinical need for iodine solution in the pre-operative period, it appears clear that a larger, prospective, randomised controlled trial of all relevant outcomes - clinical and scientific - is required to answer whether or not patient preparation with Lugol's iodine is in fact necessary prior to operative intervention for Graves' disease.

  13. How to set-up a program of minimally-invasive surgery for congenital heart defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil-Jaurena, Juan-Miguel; Pérez-Caballero, Ramón; Pita-Fernández, Ana; González-López, María-Teresa; Sánchez, Jairo; De Agustín, Juan-Carlos

    2016-07-01

    Mid-line sternotomy is the commonest incision for cardiac surgery. Alternative approaches are becoming fashionable in many centres, amidst some reluctance because of learning curves and overall complexity. Our recent experience in starting a new program on minimally invasive pediatric cardiac surgery is presented. The rationale for a stepwise onset and the short-medium term results for a three-year span are displayed. A three-step schedule is planned: First, an experienced surgeon (A) starts performing simple cases. Second, new surgeons (B, C, D, E) are introduced to the minimally invasive techniques according to their own proficiency and skills. Third, the new adopters are enhanced to suggest and develop further minimally invasive approaches. Two quality markers are defined: conversion rate and complications. In part one, surgeon A performs sub-mammary, axillary and lower mini-sternotomy approaches for simple cardiac defects. In part two, surgeons B, C, D and E are customly introduced to such incisions. In part three, new approaches such as upper mini-sternotomy, postero-lateral thoracotomy and video-assisted mini-thoracotomy are introduced after being suggested and developed by surgeons B, C and E, as well as an algorithm to match cardiac conditions and age/weight to a given alternative approach. The conversion rate is one out of 148 patients. Two major complications were recorded, none of them related to our alternative approach. Four minor complications linked to the new incision were registered. The minimally invasive to mid-line sternotomy ratio rose from 20% in the first year to 40% in the third year. Minimally invasive pediatric cardiac surgery is becoming a common procedure worldwide. Our schedule to set up a program proves beneficial. The three-step approach has been successful in our experience, allowing a tailored training for every new surgeon and enhancing the enthusiasm in developing further strategies on their own. Recording conversion-rates and

  14. Ecology of forest insect invasions

    Science.gov (United States)

    E.G. Brockerhoff; A.M. Liebhold

    2017-01-01

    Forests in virtually all regions of the world are being affected by invasions of non-native insects. We conducted an in-depth review of the traits of successful invasive forest insects and the ecological processes involved in insect invasions across the universal invasion phases (transport and arrival, establishment, spread and impacts). Most forest insect invasions...

  15. Cryptic invasions: a review

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Morais, Pedro Miguel; Reichard, Martin

    613-614, February (2018), s. 1438-1448 ISSN 0048-9697 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-05872S Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : Conspecific invader * Biological invasions * Bibliometric * Invasiveness Subject RIV: EG - Zoology OBOR OECD: Environmental science s (social aspects to be 5.7) Impact factor: 4.900, year: 2016

  16. Abstract: Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These results have crucial implications in nursing profession and evidence based practice, identifying teaching needs in community settings. In fact, among extended and expanded roles of nurse, education is included, and it should emphasize on the needs for health promotion and diseases prevention, utilizing modern ...

  17. Video-assisted thoracoscopic pericardial window for penetrating ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. To report our experience with thoracoscopic pericardial window (TPW) for occult penetrating cardiac injury. Patients and methods. During the study period (1 January - 31 December 2000), a small group of haemodynamically stable patients with anterior leftsided praecordial wounds were selected for TPW.

  18. Outcome of minimally invasive surgery in the management of tuberculous spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Kandwal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: With the advancement of instrumentation and minimally access techniques in the field of spine surgery, good surgical decompression and instrumentation can be done for tuberculous spondylitis with known advantage of MIS (minimally invasive surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of the minimally invasive techniques in the surgical treatment of patients with tuberculous spondylodiscitis. Materials and Methods: 23 patients (Group A with a mean age 38.2 years with single-level spondylodiscitis between T4-T11 treated with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS involving anterior debridement and fusion and 15 patients (Group B with a mean age of 32.5 years who underwent minimally invasive posterior pedicle screw instrumentation and mini open posterolateral debridement and fusion were included in study. The study was conducted from Mar 2003 to Dec 2009 duration. The indication of surgery was progressive neurological deficit and/or instability. The patients were evaluated for blood loss, duration of surgery, VAS scores, improvement in kyphosis, and fusion status. Improvement in neurology was documented and functional outcome was judged by oswestry disability index (ODI. Results: The mean blood loss in Group A (VATS category was 780 ml (330-1180 ml and the operative time averaged was 228 min (102-330 min. The average preoperative kyphosis in Group A was 38° which was corrected to 30°. Twenty-two patients who underwent VATS had good fusion (Grade I and Grade II with failure of fusion in one. Complications occurred in seven patients who underwent VATS. The mean blood loss was 625 ml (350-800 ml with an average duration of surgery of 255 min (180-345 min in the percutaneous posterior instrumentation group (Group B. The average preoperative segmental (kyphosis Cobb′s angle of three patients with thoracic TB in Group B was 41.25° (28-48°, improved to 14.5°(11°- 21° in the immediate postoperative period (71

  19. Thyroidectomy over a quarter of a century in the Belgian Ardennes: a retrospective study of 1207 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, G

    2008-01-01

    The general surgeon has been practising thyroid surgery for over 70 years and has done it well. The exposure to short-lived isotopes of iodine is a risk factor in the development of thyroid cancer. Therefore, the objective of this study was two-fold. Firstly, to reemphasize the importance of the general surgeon in thyroid surgery. Secondly, to examine the possible links between the incidence of thyroid cancer in Belgium and the radiation exposure caused by the Chernobyl cloud. To carry out this study we retrospectively analysed the files of 1207 patients who had undergone thyroid surgery between 1978 and 2004 in a hospital in the south of Belgium; all operations were performed by the same surgeon. The study showed that surgery of the thyroid is carried out safely and effectively by the general surgeon. The study included 18 haemorrhagic complications (1.5%) of which 9 needed reintubation and further emergency surgery; 8 recurrent laryngeal nerve damage (0.66%); 73 cases of transitory symptomatic hypocalcaemia requiring the administration of oral calcium (6%) and 15 cases of postoperative infection of the surgical wound (1.24%). This level of complication proves that accurate, well-regulated procedures always carried out by the same surgeon make it possible to reduce the number of complications relating to thyroidectomy. The study also shows us that the question of the link with the Chernobyl accident remains open. Several facts may be emphasized. The annual average rate for cancer went from 1 before the nuclear plant accident of Chernobyl to 3.6 after April 1986. There was also an "increase" of thyroid surgical operations in 1999 (13 years after the accident). In this particular year there were 79, while the usual annual average is 46 surgery cases per year. Of these 79 surgical cases, there were 16 cancers (20.25%), while the percentage of cancer cases for the entire study was 6% of patients. Before 1986, of the 286 cases operated on, 8 were cancer, which

  20. Study on changes of serum lipid profile after withdrawl of levo-thyroxine replacement therapy in patients with radical thyroidectomy for cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang Shumin; Yu Lili; Dong Lin; Zhu Gaohong; Zhang Jijian

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To study the changes of serum lipid profile after withdrawl of levo-thyroxine replacement for 4 weeks in patient with radical thyroidectomy for cancer. Methods: Serum thyroid hormones (FT 3 , FT 4 , sTSH, with RIA) levels and lipid profile (Total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL, apolipoprotein A-I, apolipoprotein B and Lp (a), with biochemistry) were determined in 46 patients with thyroid carcinoma after operation both during and after 4 weeks' withdrawl of levo-thyroxine replacement treatment. Results: Serum FT 3 , FT 4 levels decreased significantly and serum sTSH, TC, TG, LDL, apo-B, Lp (a) levels increased significantly after 4 weeks' withdrawl of levo-thyroxine replacement (vs during treatment, P 0.05). Conclusion: Hyperlipidaemia did develop in the hypothyroid patients after withdrawl of levo-thyroxine replacement but the degree of which did not not necessarily correlate with the increment of sTSH levels. (authors)

  1. Bilateral Truncal Ligation of the Inferior Thyroid Artery during Bilateral Subtotal Thyroidectomy Causes a Decrease in Parathormone without Clinically Manifest Hypoparathyroidism: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kebsch, Astrid; Settmacher, Utz; Lesser, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Bilateral truncal ligation (BTL) of the inferior thyroid artery (ITA) is frequently used during subtotal thyroidectomy to reduce the risk of post-operative bleeding as well as to reduce the blood loss intra-operatively. However, its effect on parathyroid function has not been evaluated in relation to age, residual and resected thyroid volume. A total of 83 patients were randomized to receive non-BTL or BTL. After bilateral resection, the residual thyroid tissue on each side was measured by intra-operative ultrasonography. Laboratory and clinical examinations were performed the day before operation, intra-operatively and on post-operative days 2 and 5. The primary outcome measure was the difference in intact parathormone (PTHi) on post-operative day 5. Secondary outcomes were laboratory-diagnosed hypocalcaemia or hypoparathyroidism and clinically manifest hypoparathyroidism, respectively. PTHi on post-operative day 5 was significantly lower in the BTL group (29.4 vs. 34.7 ng/l in the non-BTL group, p = 0.033), especially in 61- to 80-year-old patients (0 vs. -7.91 ng/l, p = 0.029). The biggest decline in PTHi was found in the BTL group (-14.067 ng/l PTH, p = 0.018) with a residual thyroid volume of 0.5-1.9 ml. There were two cases of asymptomatic hypoparathyroidism in each group (5.1 vs. 4.8%, respectively, p = 1.000). The only case of clinically manifest hypoparathyroidism was in a BTL group patient aged 64 years (2.4%, p = 1.000). BTL of the ITA during subtotal thyroidectomy causes a larger decrease in PTH but does not lead to a significantly higher rate of clinically manifest hypoparathyroidism. BTL of the ITA, age >61 years, and a very small thyroid remnant (hypoparathyroidism. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  2. Invasion biology of thrips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morse, Joseph G; Hoddle, Mark S

    2006-01-01

    Thrips are among the stealthiest of insect invaders due to their small size and cryptic habits. Many invasive thrips are notorious for causing extensive crop damage, vectoring viral diseases, and permanently destabilizing IPM systems owing to irruptive outbreaks that require remediation with insecticides, leading to the development of insecticide resistance. Several challenges surface when attempting to manage incursive thrips species. Foremost among these is early recognition, followed by rapid and accurate identification of emergent pest species, elucidation of the region of origin, development of a management program, and the closing of conduits for global movement of thrips. In this review, we examine factors facilitating invasion by thrips, damage caused by these insects, pre- and post-invasion management tactics, and challenges looming on the horizon posed by invasive Thysanoptera, which continually challenge the development of sustainable management practices.

  3. Cálculo dos custos do reprocessamento de pinças de uso único utilizadas em cirurgia vídeo-assistida Cálculo de los costos del reprocesamiento de pinzas de uso único utilizadas en cirugía video-asistida Calculation of the reprocessing costs of single-use tongs used in video-assisted surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Molina Psaltikidis

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho objetivou desenvolver proposta metodológica para cálculo dos custos do reprocessamento de pinças de cirurgia vídeo-assistida de uso único. O reuso freqüente desses artigos ocorre pelo alto custo, entretanto, poucos estudos foram desenvolvidos a respeito desse enfoque. Elaborou-se um fluxograma com cada fase de reprocessamento, permitindo identificação dos componentes dos custos quanto à mão-de-obra, materiais e gastos indiretos. Pautado nesses dados, pôde-se construir a proposta metodológica para o cálculo de custos, baseada no método de custeio por absorção, incluindo a planilha para coleta de dados.El trabajo tuvo como objetivo desarrollar propuesta metodológica para el cálculo de los costos del reprocesamiento de pinzas de cirugía video-asistida de uso único. El uso frecuente de esos artículos ocurre por el alto costo, no obstante, pocos estudios fueron desarrollados respecto a ese enfoque. Se elaboró un fluxograma con cada fase del reprocesamiento, permitiendo la identificación de los componentes de los costos en cuanto a la mano de obra, materiales y gastos indirectos. Teniendo como pauta esos datos, se puede construir la propuesta metodológica para el cálculo de costos, con base en el método de costeo por absorción, incluyendo la planilla para recolección de datos.The frequent reuse of disposable forceps instruments is justified by their high cost. However, few studies have been carried out on this topic. The objective of this study was to develop a methodological proposal for calculating the reprocessing costs for these instruments used in video-assisted surgery. A flowchart was developed for each phase of the reprocessing. This allowed subsequent identification of the cost components in terms of labor, materials and indirect expenses. From these data, a methodological proposal for cost calculation could be created, based on the Full Absorption Costing Method, including the spreadsheet for data

  4. Relationship between lymphovascular invasion and clinicopathological features of papillary thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atakan Sezer

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Lymphovascular invasion (LVI is an important prognostic factor in various solid tumors, however, data on the association between LVI and thyroid carcinomas are limited. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between LVI and clinicopathological features of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC. Six hundred seventy-eight patients diagnosed with PTC between 2012 and 2015 were included into the study. Patients were classified based on the presence or absence of LVI. Gender, age, ultrasonography (US, tumor size and multifocality, BRAFV600E mutation, perineural and capsular invasion, extrathyroid extension (ETE, nodal metastasis, and recurrences were evaluated, and risk analysis was performed for each parameter. The number of patients with LVI [LVI (+] was 63, while the number of patients without LVI [LVI (-] was 615. The female/male ratio was 564/114. LVI was present in 18.4% of male patients and in 7.4 % of female patients. In the age group between 17-25 years LVI was detected in 6/13 patients, and this result was statistically significant compared to other age groups (p = 0.004. Suspicious lymph nodes upon US, perineural or capsular invasion, ETE, tumor size, and nodal metastasis were significantly more frequent in LVI (+ group (p < 0.001. The frequency of BRAFV600E mutation was also significantly higher in LVI (+ group (p < 0.001. Overall, the presence of LVI was associated with gender, tumor size, age, lymph node metastasis, pathological lymph nodes, perineural and capsular invasion, ETE, and BRAFV600E mutation. These results suggest that in PTC patients undergoing thyroidectomy, the presence of LVI should be considered as an indicator of aggressive clinicopathological features and those patients should be followed up carefully for recurrences and metastasis.

  5. Emergent Minimally Invasive Esophagogastrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Fabian

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Esophageal perforation in the setting of a malignancy carries a high morbidity and mortality. We describe our management of such a patient using minimally invasive approach. Methods. An 83-year-old female presented with an iatrogenic esophageal perforation during the workup of dysphagia. She was referred for surgical evaluation immediately after the event which occurred in the endoscopy suite. Minimally invasive esophagectomy was chosen to provide definitive treatment for both her malignancy and esophageal perforation. Results. Following an uncomplicated operative course, she was eventually discharged to extended care for rehabilitation and remains alive four years after her resection. Conclusion. Although traditional open techniques are the accepted gold standard of treatment for esophageal perforation, minimally invasive esophagectomy plays an important role in experienced hands and may be offered to such patients.

  6. Over-invasion by functionally equivalent invasive species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, James C; Sataruddin, Nurul S; Heard, Allison D

    2014-08-01

    Multiple invasive species have now established at most locations around the world, and the rate of new species invasions and records of new invasive species continue to grow. Multiple invasive species interact in complex and unpredictable ways, altering their invasion success and impacts on biodiversity. Incumbent invasive species can be replaced by functionally similar invading species through competitive processes; however the generalized circumstances leading to such competitive displacement have not been well investigated. The likelihood of competitive displacement is a function of the incumbent advantage of the resident invasive species and the propagule pressure of the colonizing invasive species. We modeled interactions between populations of two functionally similar invasive species and indicated the circumstances under which dominance can be through propagule pressure and incumbent advantage. Under certain circumstances, a normally subordinate species can be incumbent and reject a colonizing dominant species, or successfully colonize in competition with a dominant species during simultaneous invasion. Our theoretical results are supported by empirical studies of the invasion of islands by three invasive Rattus species. Competitive displacement is prominent in invasive rats and explains the replacement of R. exulans on islands subsequently invaded by European populations of R. rattus and R. norvegicus. These competition outcomes between invasive species can be found in a broad range of taxa and biomes, and are likely to become more common. Conservation management must consider that removing an incumbent invasive species may facilitate invasion by another invasive species. Under very restricted circumstances of dominant competitive ability but lesser impact, competitive displacement may provide a novel method of biological control.

  7. Exotic invasive plants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolyn Hull Sieg; Barbara G. Phillips; Laura P. Moser

    2003-01-01

    Ecosystems worldwide are threatened by nonnative plant invasions that can cause undesirable, irreversible changes. They can displace native plants and animals, out-cross with native flora, alter nutrient cycling and other ecosystem functions, and even change an ecosystem's flammability (Walker and Smith 1997). After habitat loss, the spread of exotic species is...

  8. Mechanisms Regulating Glioma Invasion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paw, Ivy; Carpenter, Richard C.; Watabe, Kounosuke; Debinski, Waldemar; Lo, Hui-Wen

    2015-01-01

    Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive, deadliest, and most common brain malignancy in adults. Despite the advances made in surgical techniques, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the median survival for GBM patients has remained at a mere 14 months. GBM poses several unique challenges to currently available treatments for the disease. For example, GBM cells have the propensity to aggressively infiltrate/invade into the normal brain tissues and along the vascular tracks, which prevents complete resection of all malignant cells and limits the effect of localized radiotherapy while sparing normal tissue. Although anti-angiogenic treatment exerts anti-edematic effect in GBM, unfortunately, tumors progress with acquired increased invasiveness. Therefore, it is an important task to gain a deeper understanding of the intrinsic and post-treatment invasive phenotypes of GBM in hopes that the gained knowledge would lead to novel GBM treatments that are more effective and less toxic. This review will give an overview of some of the signaling pathways that have been shown to positively and negatively regulate GBM invasion, including, the PI3K/Akt, Wnt, sonic hedgehog-GLI1, and microRNAs. The review will also discuss several approaches to cancer therapies potentially altering GBM invasiveness. PMID:25796440

  9. Minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Røsok, Bård I.; de Rooij, Thijs; van Hilst, Jony; Diener, Markus K.; Allen, Peter J.; Vollmer, Charles M.; Kooby, David A.; Shrikhande, Shailesh V.; Asbun, Horacio J.; Barkun, Jeffrey; Besselink, Marc G.; Boggi, Ugo; Conlon, Kevin; Han, Ho Seong; Hansen, Paul; Kendrick, Michael L.; Kooby, David; Montagnini, Andre L.; Palanivelu, Chinnasamy; Wakabayashi, Go; Zeh, Herbert J.

    2017-01-01

    The first International conference on Minimally Invasive Pancreas Resection was arranged in conjunction with the annual meeting of the International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association (IHPBA), in Sao Paulo, Brazil on April 19th 2016. The presented evidence and outcomes resulting from the session

  10. Management of invasive species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, Jesper Sølver; Jensen, Frank

    In this paper, we conduct a number of cost-benefit analyses to clarify whether the establishment of invasive species should be prevented or the damage of such species should be mitigated after introduction. We use the potential establishment of ragweed in Denmark as an empirical case. The main...... of information externalities, altruistic preferences, possible catastrophic events and ethical considerations....

  11. The prevalence of thyroid tissue along the thyroglossal tract on SPECT/CT following I131 ablation therapy after total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barber, T.W.; Cherk, M.H.; Yap, K.S.K.; Kalff, V.; Topliss, D.J.; Serpell, J.W.

    2015-01-01

    Full text of publication follows. Aim: the aims of this study are first to determine the prevalence of thyroid tissue along the thyroglossal tract on SPECT/CT and secondly to assess the contribution of this tissue to total neck I-131 activity in patients treated with I-131 ablation therapy after total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer. Materials and methods: a total of 63 consecutive patients with well differentiated thyroid cancer treated with total thyroidectomy underwent whole body planar imaging and SPECT/CT of the neck 48 hours following ablative I-131 therapy. On SPECT/CT, thyroglossal tract thyroid tissue was defined as radioiodine activity in the anterior neck, superior to the thyroid bed in close proximity to the midline without evidence of localisation to lymph nodes. On planar imaging, thyroglossal tract thyroid tissue was defined as linear radioiodine activity in the midline of the neck superior to the thyroid bed. SPECT/CT and planar images were classified by two independent reviewers as positive, negative or equivocal with interobserver agreement quantified using a Kappa score. Disagreement was resolved using a third reviewer. Quantitation of thyroglossal tract thyroid tissue and total neck I-131 activity was performed using region of interest analysis on planar imaging following localisation on SPECT/CT. Results: thyroglossal tract thyroid tissue was present in 31/63 (49%; 95% CI: 37-61%) patients on SPECT/CT. In these 31 patients, thyroglossal tract thyroid tissue contributed to an average of 49% of total neck activity. Interobserver agreement was substantial on SPECT/CT (Kappa = 0.76; 95% CI: 0.61-0.91) and fair on planar imaging (Kappa = 0.31; 95% CI: 0.15-0.47). Conclusion: thyroid tissue along the thyroglossal tract was present in one half of patients in our study population and can contribute to a significant amount of total neck I-131 activity. Given the high prevalence of thyroglossal tract thyroid tissue, our results suggest that total neck

  12. Análise dos custos do reprocessamento de pinças de uso único utilizadas em cirurgia vídeo-assistida Análisis de los costos del reprocesamiento de pinzas de único uso, utilizadas en cirugía video-asistida Cost analysis of reprocessing disposable forceps used in video-assisted surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Molina Psaltikidis

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho objetivou analisar os custos do reprocessamento de pinças de uso único, utilizadas em cirurgia vídeo-assistida. O reuso freqüente desses artigos é justificado pelo alto custo, entretanto, poucos estudos foram desenvolvidos sob esse enfoque. Aplicou-se o método de estudo de casos múltiplos, em três instituições hospitalares do Estado de São Paulo, utilizando as técnicas da observação e análise documental. O custo do reprocessamento foi de R$ 9,37 no Caso nº 1, R$ 6,59 no Caso nº 2 e R$ 3,31 no Caso nº 3. O baixo custo verificado deve ser analisado com cautela, pois se verifica que o controle de qualidade tem pequena participação na composição do custo final. Quando todas as medidas de controle de qualidade são adotadas, o custo do reprocessamento passa a ser de R$ 185,19 no Caso nº 1, R$ 595,82 no Caso nº 2 e de R$ 363,10 no Caso nº 3.El trabajo objetivó analizar los costos del reprocesamiento de pinzas de uso único utilizadas en cirugía video-asistida. Fue aplicado el método de estudio de casos múltiples, en tres instituciones hospitalarias del Estado de São Paulo, utilizando la técnica de observación y de análisis documental. El costo del reprocesamiento fue de 9,37 Reales (R$, en el caso nº 1; de R$ 6,59 en el caso nº 2 y de R$ 3,31 en el caso nº 3. El bajo costo verificado debe ser analizado con cautela, ya que el control de calidad tiene participación en la composición del costo final. Al ser adoptadas las medidas de control de calidad, el costo del reprocesamiento pasa a ser de R$ 185,19 en el caso nº 1; de R$ 595,82 en el caso nº 2 y de R$ 363,10 en el caso nº 3.This study aimed to analyze the reprocessing costs of disposable forceps used in video-assisted surgery. The frequent reuse of these instruments is justified by their high cost. However, few studies have been carried out on this topic. The multiple case study method was applied in three hospitals in the State of São Paulo

  13. Thyroid gland removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Total thyroidectomy; Partial thyroidectomy; Thyroidectomy; Subtotal thyroidectomy; Thyroid cancer - thyroidectomy; Papillary cancer - thyroidectomy; Goiter - thyroidectomy; Thyroid nodules - thyroidectomy

  14. Invasive Plants -- A Horticultural Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Niemiera, Alexander Xavier, 1951-; Von Holle, Betsy

    2009-01-01

    This publication explains how nonnative invasive plants are harmful and why you should care, how to predict the invasive potential of a plant, and how gardeners and landscape professionals can make informed choices when choosing plants.

  15. Utilização conjunta de mediastinoscopia cervical e videotoracoscopia para a avaliação linfática mediastinal em pacientes com carcinoma de pulmão não-pequenas células Joint use of cervical mediastinoscopy and video-assisted thoracoscopy for the evaluation of mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darcy Ribeiro Pinto Filho

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a eficácia da utilização conjunta de mediastinoscopia cervical e videotoracoscopia para a amostragem linfonodal mediastinal em pacientes com câncer de pulmão não-pequenas células (CPNPC candidatos à ressecção pulmonar. MÉTODOS: Uma amostra de 62 pacientes com diagnóstico de CPNPC foi submetida à mediastinoscopia cervical e à videotoracoscopia. As amostras obtidas (das cadeias paratraqueais, cadeia subcarinal anterior e posterior, cadeias paraesofágicas e ligamento pulmonar foram submetidas a exame de congelação. Foram também avaliadas as seguintes variáveis: idade, sexo, perda ponderal, método diagnóstico, achados tomográficos, tipo histológico, estadiamento, localização e tamanho do tumor primário. RESULTADOS: Em 11 pacientes, a mediastinoscopia não apresentou comprometimento da cadeia subcarinal, enquanto esse envolvimento foi detectado na videotoracoscopia: valor preditivo positivo = 88,89% (IC95%: 51,75-99,72; valor preditivo negativo = 94,34% (IC95%: 84,34-98,82; prevalência = 17,74% (IC95%: 9,2-29,53; sensibilidade = 72,73% (IC95%: 39,03-93,98; e especificidade = 98,77% (IC95%: 93,31-99,97. Em 60% dos pacientes com comprometimento da porção posterior da cadeia subcarinal, o tumor primário estava no lobo inferior direito (p = 0,029. CONCLUSÕES: A utilização conjunta da mediastinoscopia cervical e videotoracoscopia para avaliação linfática mediastinal posterior se mostrou um método eficaz. Quando o acesso às cadeias posteriores não for possível através de ultrassom com biópsia transbrônquica ou transesofágica, que prescinde de anestesia geral, esse deve ser o método de escolha para a correta avaliação linfática mediastinal em pacientes com CPNPC.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the joint use of cervical mediastinoscopy and video-assisted thoracoscopy for the sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC and candidates for

  16. Is Robot-Assisted Surgery Really Scarless Surgery? Immediate Reconstruction with a Jejunal Free Flap for Esophageal Rupture after Robot-Assisted Thyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seong Hoon Park

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Esophageal perforation is a rare but potentially fatal complication of robot-assisted thyroidectomy (RAT. Herein, we report the long-term outcome of an esophageal reconstruction with a jejunal free flap for esophageal rupture after RAT. A 33-year-old woman developed subcutaneous emphysema and hoarseness on postoperative day1 following RAT. Esophageal rupture was diagnosed by computed tomography and endoscopy, and immediate surgical exploration confirmed esophageal rupture, as well as recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. We performed a jejunal free flap repair of the 8-cm defect in the esophagus. End-to-side microvascular anastomoses were created between the right external carotid artery and the jejunal branches of the superior mesenteric artery, and end-to-end anastomosis was performed between the external jugular vein and the jejunal vein. The right recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was repaired with a 4-cm nerve graft from the right ansa cervicalis. Esophagography at 1 year after surgery confirmed that there were no leaks or structures, endoscopy at 1 year confirmed the resolution of vocal cord paralysis, and there were no residual problems with swallowing or speech at a 5-year follow-up examination. RAT requires experienced surgeons with a thorough knowledge of anatomy, as well as adequate resources to quickly and competently address potentially severe complications such as esophageal rupture.

  17. Papillary Thyroid Cancer in Struma Testis with Malignant Transformation in the Lung Associated with Trisomy 17 Successfully Treated with Total Thyroidectomy and Radioiodine Ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shadi Barakat

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Struma testis is a rare entity, and there are only few reports on the malignant transformation of a testicular teratoma to papillary thyroid carcinoma in the literature. In this report, we describe the malignant transformation of struma testis with distant lung metastasis associated with trisomy 17 and a coexisting papillary microcarcinoma in the thyroid. Case Report: A 56-year-old man presented after a left orchiectomy for an undescended left testicle. Pathologic examination identified a monodermal teratoma composed of thyroid parenchyma and associated with a 1.7-cm papillary thyroid carcinoma. Further evaluation showed a pulmonary mass on a chest CT scan. Total thyroidectomy revealed a 0.5-mm focus of papillary thyroid cancer, and removal of the lung mass confirmed metastatic papillary thyroid cancer. Array-comparative genomic hybridization of both tumors showed trisomy 17 in the struma testes and the lung metastasis. The patient responded well to radioactive iodine ablation and has no evidence of cancer 3 years later. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first case of papillary thyroid cancer in struma testes metastatic to the lung. It highlights the difficulties in treating these patients. Surgery to remove cancer foci, followed by radioactive iodine ablation, resulted in an excellent response in our patient. Interestingly, trisomy 17, which has so far been observed only in noninvasive thyroid nodules, was associated with pulmonary metastasis in our patient.

  18. Minimally Invasive Abdominal Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Richardson, William S.; Carter, Kristine M.; Fuhrman, George M.; Bolton, John S.; Bowen, John C.

    2000-01-01

    In the last decade, laparoscopy has been the most innovative surgical movement in general surgery. Minimally invasive surgery performed through a few small incisions, laparoscopy is the standard of care for the treatment of gallbladder disease and the gold standard for the treatment of reflux disease. The indications for a laparoscopic approach to abdominal disease continue to increase, and many diseases may be treated with laparoscopic techniques. At Ochsner, laparoscopic techniques have dem...

  19. Plant invasions: Merging the concepts of species invasiveness and community invasibility

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Richardson, D. M.; Pyšek, Petr

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 30, č. 3 (2006), s. 409-431 ISSN 0309-1333 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : plant invasions * species invasiveness * community invasibility Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 1.278, year: 2006

  20. Sodium hydroxide as a sclerosing agent in patients with neoplastic pleural effusion non-candidates for VATS: results of a minimally invasive protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raices, Micaela; Czerwonko, Matías E; Dietrich, Agustin; Da Lozzo, Alejandro; Beveraggi, Enrique; Smith, David

    2017-08-31

    Symptomatic neoplastic pleural effusion (SNPE) is a significant cause of morbidity in patients with advanced neoplastic disease. These patients often present a deteriorated general condition which prevents them from undergoing pleurodesis with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). We developed a minimally invasive therapeutic protocol specially designed for this population, achieved by combining chemical pleurodesis with placement of small-bore pleural catheters (PC), which resulted in early hospital discharge, low morbimortality and good therapeutic results. This study reports the safety and efficacy of administration of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) through PC in 60 patients diagnosed with SNPE who were admitted to Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires between January 2012 and December 2015. Successful pleurodesis was achieved in 96% of procedures. Recurrence occurred in 25% of patients during follow-up, with recurrence occurring earlier than 30 days after pleurodesis in 8% of patients. There were no reports of major morbidity or associated mortality. In total, 44% of patients were discharged within 48 h of pleurodesis. Administration of NaOH through a small-bore PC represents an effective and safe method of pleurodesis in patients who are not candidates for talc pleurodesis by VATS.

  1. The predictive value of MRI in detecting thyroid gland invasion in patients with advanced laryngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Peiliang; Huang, Xiaoming; Zheng, Chushan; Cai, Qian; Guan, Zhong; Liang, Faya; Zheng, Yiqing

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting thyroid gland invasion (TGI) in patients with advanced laryngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinoma. In a retrospective chart review, 41 patients with advanced laryngeal or hypopharyngeal carcinoma underwent MRI scan before total laryngectomy and ipsilateral or bilateral thyroidectomy during the past 5 years. The MRI findings were compared with the postoperative pathological results. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated. Among the 41 patients, 3 had thyroid gland invasion in postoperative pathological results. MRI correctly predicted the absence of TGI in 37 of 38 patients and TGI in all 3 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of MRI were 100.0, 97.4, 75.0, and 100 %, respectively, with the diagnostic accuracy of 97.6 %. In consideration of the high negative predictive value of MRI, it may help surgeons selectively preserve thyroid gland in total laryngectomy and reduce the incidence of hypothyroidism and hypoparathyroidism postoperatively.

  2. Minimally Invasive Parathyroidectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee F. Starker

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP is an operative approach for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT. Currently, routine use of improved preoperative localization studies, cervical block anesthesia in the conscious patient, and intraoperative parathyroid hormone analyses aid in guiding surgical therapy. MIP requires less surgical dissection causing decreased trauma to tissues, can be performed safely in the ambulatory setting, and is at least as effective as standard cervical exploration. This paper reviews advances in preoperative localization, anesthetic techniques, and intraoperative management of patients undergoing MIP for the treatment of pHPT.

  3. Cell invasion through basement membrane

    OpenAIRE

    Morrissey, Meghan A; Hagedorn, Elliott J; Sherwood, David R

    2013-01-01

    Cell invasion through basement membrane is an essential part of normal development and physiology, and occurs during the pathological progression of human inflammatory diseases and cancer. F-actin-rich membrane protrusions, called invadopodia, have been hypothesized to be the “drill bits” of invasive cells, mediating invasion through the dense, highly cross-linked basement membrane matrix. Though studied in vitro for over 30 y, invadopodia function in vivo has remained elusive. We have recent...

  4. Low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma patients who underwent near-total thyroidectomy without prophylactic central compartment lymph node dissection and were ablated with low-dose 50mCi RAI had excellent 10-year prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalaki, Marina; Bountouris, Panagiotis; Roupas, Nikolaos D; Theodoropoulou, Anastasia; Agalianou, Niki; Alexandrides, Theodoros; Markou, Kostas

    2016-10-01

    The current trend in the management of low risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma is to follow less aggressive strategies. To assess the long-term morbidity and mortality outcomes of low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients undergoing minimal intervention. We retrospectively analyzed 137 patients with low-risk PTC (stage I: n=77; stage II: n=60). Of these patients, 107 (Group 1) had macro-PTC and underwent near-total thyroidectomy and received postoperatively 50mCi RAI. The remaining 30 patients (Group 2) had micro-PTC (<1cm) and were treated only by means of near-total thyroidectomy. The median follow-up for Group 1 patients was 10 years (range: 3-30). At 1-year evaluation, 8 patients of Group 1 had indeterminate or incomplete biochemical response, of whom 4 had also incomplete structural response to initial therapy. Only 1 of 4 patients with structural incomplete response underwent cervical lymph node dissection and then received an additional dose of 100mCi RAI. The remaining 7 patients received only an additional dose of 100mCi RAI. These patients have been continuously followed till the present time with no recurrences or deaths (median follow-up: 17.5 years; 3-30 years). At 15 years, 2 patients of Group 1 experienced biochemical recurrence and they received 100mCi RAI. Three patients of Group 2 experienced recurrence, with 2 receiving 50mCi RAI and 1 undergoing cervical lymph node dissection with 50mCi RAI. Patients with low-risk macro-PTC treated by means of near-total thyroidectomy without PCCLND and receiving postoperatively a low dose of 50mCi RAI have excellent long-term prognosis.

  5. A comparison of non-invasive versus invasive methods of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Puneet Khanna

    for Hb estimation from the laboratory [total haemoglobin mass (tHb)] and arterial blood gas (ABG) machine (aHb), using ... A comparison of non-invasive versus invasive methods of haemoglobin estimation in patients undergoing intracranial surgery. 161 .... making decisions for blood transfusions based on these results.

  6. Invasive v. non-invasive blood pressure measurements the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A reasonable correlation exists between invasive and noninvasive methods of measuring systemic blood pressure. However, there are frequent individual differences between these methods and these variations have often caused the validity of the non-invasive measurement to be questioned. The hypothesis that certain ...

  7. Dietary Flexibility Aids Asian Earthworm Invasion in North American Forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    On a local scale, invasiveness of introduced species and invasibility of habitats together determine invasion success. A key issue in invasion ecology has been how to quantify the contribution of species invasiveness and habitat invasibility separately. Conventional approaches, s...

  8. Klebsiella pneumoniae Invasive Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasco Evangelista

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Klebsiella pneumoniae invasive syndrome (KPIS is a rare clinical condition characterized by primary liver abscess associated with metastatic infection. Most case reports are from Southeast Asia, with only one case described in Portugal. The Authors present the case of a 44-year-old man with a history of fever, dry cough and cervicalgia. A thoracic computed tomography (CT scan showed multiple pulmonary and hepatic nodules, suggestive of metastatic malignancy. Both blood cultures and bronchoalveolar lavage were positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae. Imaging studies were repeated during his hospital stay, showing a reduction in both number and volume of identified lesions, thus revealing their infectious nature. This case illustrates how much this entity can mimic other illnesses.

  9. Microbial ecology of biological invasions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Putten, van der W.H.; Klironomos, J.N.; Wardle, D.A.

    2007-01-01

    Invasive microbes, plants and animals are a major threat to the composition and functioning of ecosystems; however, the mechanistic basis of why exotic species can be so abundant and disruptive is not well understood. Most studies have focused on invasive plants and animals, although few have

  10. Prioritizing invasive plant management strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Invasive plants are seriously impacting rangelands by displacing desirable species. Management of these species is expensive and careful allocation of scarce dollars is necessary. Ecologically-based invasive plant management (EBIPM) has the potential to provide an improved decision-making process ...

  11. Cell invasion through basement membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrissey, Meghan A; Hagedorn, Elliott J; Sherwood, David R

    2013-01-01

    Cell invasion through basement membrane is an essential part of normal development and physiology, and occurs during the pathological progression of human inflammatory diseases and cancer. F-actin-rich membrane protrusions, called invadopodia, have been hypothesized to be the “drill bits” of invasive cells, mediating invasion through the dense, highly cross-linked basement membrane matrix. Though studied in vitro for over 30 y, invadopodia function in vivo has remained elusive. We have recently discovered that invadopodia breach basement membrane during anchor cell invasion in C. elegans, a genetically and visually tractable in vivo invasion event. Further, we found that the netrin receptor DCC localizes to the initial site of basement membrane breach and directs invasion through a single gap in the matrix. In this commentary, we examine how the dynamics and structure of AC-invadopodia compare with in vitro invadopodia and how the netrin receptor guides invasion through a single basement membrane breach. We end with a discussion of our surprising result that the anchor cell pushes the basement membrane aside, instead of completely dissolving it through proteolysis, and provide some ideas for how proteases and physical displacement may work together to ensure efficient and robust invasion. PMID:24778942

  12. Interstitial guidance of cancer invasion.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gritsenko, P.G.; Ilina, O.; Friedl, P.H.

    2012-01-01

    Cancer cell invasion into healthy tissues develops preferentially along pre-existing tracks of least resistance, followed by secondary tissue remodelling and destruction. The tissue scaffolds supporting or preventing guidance of invasion vary in structure and molecular composition between organs. In

  13. Earthworm invasions in the tropics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grizelle Gonzalez; Ching Yu Huang; Xiaoming Zou; Carlos Rodriguez

    2006-01-01

    The effects and implications of invasive species in belowground terrestrial ecosystems are not well known in comparison with aboveground terrestrial and marine environments. The study of earthworm invasions in the tropics is limited by a lack of taxonomic knowledge and the potential for loss of species in native habitats due to anthropogenic land use change. Alteration...

  14. Invasive tightly coupled processor arrays

    CERN Document Server

    LARI, VAHID

    2016-01-01

    This book introduces new massively parallel computer (MPSoC) architectures called invasive tightly coupled processor arrays. It proposes strategies, architecture designs, and programming interfaces for invasive TCPAs that allow invading and subsequently executing loop programs with strict requirements or guarantees of non-functional execution qualities such as performance, power consumption, and reliability. For the first time, such a configurable processor array architecture consisting of locally interconnected VLIW processing elements can be claimed by programs, either in full or in part, using the principle of invasive computing. Invasive TCPAs provide unprecedented energy efficiency for the parallel execution of nested loop programs by avoiding any global memory access such as GPUs and may even support loops with complex dependencies such as loop-carried dependencies that are not amenable to parallel execution on GPUs. For this purpose, the book proposes different invasion strategies for claiming a desire...

  15. Invasive meningococcal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa L. Strelow

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD is a major public health and continues to cause substantial mortality and morbidity. Serotype C is the most frequent in Brazil. The clinical spectrum of IMD is broad (meningitis, meningococcemia or both and the clinical evolution may be unpredictable. Main features associated with mortality are: age higher than 50 years old, seizures, shock, and meningococcemia without meningitis. Blood cultures should be obtained immediately. Lumbar puncture can be performed without previous computed tomography scan (CT in most cases. Clinical features can be useful to predic patients where an abnormal CT scan is likely. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF culture and Gram stain should always be required. Latex agglutination sensitivity is highly variable. Polymerase chain reaction is specially useful when other methods are negative or delayed. Usually ceftriaxone should not be delayed while awaiting CSF study or CT. Dexamethasone can be used in meningococcal meningitis. Early suspicion of IMD and antibiotic in primary care before hospitalization, rapid transportation to a hospital, and stabilization in an intensive-care unit has substantially reduced the case-fatality rate. Vaccines against serotypes A, C, W-135, and Y are available while vaccines against serotype B are expected.

  16. Non-invasive hemoglobin monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Bellal; Haider, Ansab; Rhee, Peter

    2016-09-01

    Technology has transformed the practice of medicine and surgery in particular over the last several decades. This change in practice has allowed diagnostic and therapeutic tests to be performed less invasively. Hemoglobin monitoring remains one of the most commonly performed diagnostic tests in the United States. Recently, non-invasive hemoglobin monitoring technology has gained popularity. The aim of this article is to review the principles of how this technology works, pros and cons, and the implications of non-invasive hemoglobin technology particularly in trauma surgery. Copyright © 2015 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. The mathematics behind biological invasions

    CERN Document Server

    Lewis, Mark A; Potts, Jonathan R

    2016-01-01

    This book investigates the mathematical analysis of biological invasions. Unlike purely qualitative treatments of ecology, it draws on mathematical theory and methods, equipping the reader with sharp tools and rigorous methodology. Subjects include invasion dynamics, species interactions, population spread, long-distance dispersal, stochastic effects, risk analysis, and optimal responses to invaders. While based on the theory of dynamical systems, including partial differential equations and integrodifference equations, the book also draws on information theory, machine learning, Monte Carlo methods, optimal control, statistics, and stochastic processes. Applications to real biological invasions are included throughout. Ultimately, the book imparts a powerful principle: that by bringing ecology and mathematics together, researchers can uncover new understanding of, and effective response strategies to, biological invasions. It is suitable for graduate students and established researchers in mathematical ecolo...

  18. Cheatgrass invasion and wildlife habitat

    Science.gov (United States)

    The introduction and subsequent invasion of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) has altered native plant communities and the wildlife species that depend on these communities. Cheatgrass has truncated secondary succession by outcompeting native plant species for limited resources, thus building persistent...

  19. Invasive Meningococcal Men Y Disease

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-04-18

    Dr. Leonard Mayer, a public health microbiologist at CDC, discusses invasive meningococcal disease.  Created: 4/18/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/23/2012.

  20. Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Ekici, Cemal

    2015-01-01

    The rate of newborns with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) who have been referred to our pediatric newborn clinic is very high. This shows that prenatal screening in the region is not carried out well. Prenatal diagnosis and screening methods include invasive prenatal diagnosis methods (amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling (CVS), and cordocentesis) and non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPT) which cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA) screening of maternal blood samples. After the discovery of the signs ...

  1. Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing

    OpenAIRE

    McGillivray, Barbara C.

    1988-01-01

    The rate of newborns with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) who have been referred to our pediatric newborn clinic is very high. This shows that prenatal screening in the region is not carried out well. Prenatal diagnosis and screening methods include invasive prenatal diagnosis methods (amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling (CVS), and cordocentesis) and non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPT) which cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA) screening of maternal blood samples. After the discovery of the signs ...

  2. Quantifying the invasiveness of species

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Colautti, R. I.; Parker, J. D.; Cadotte, M. W.; Pyšek, Petr; Brown, C. S.; Sax, D. F.; Richardson, D. M.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 1 (2014), s. 7-27 ISSN 1619-0033 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP505/11/1112; GA ČR(CZ) GAP504/11/1028 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) AP1002 Program:Akademická prémie - Praemium Academiae Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : biological invasions * biogeographical comparison * invasiveness Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  3. 75 FR 69698 - Invasive Species Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Secretary Invasive Species Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory... of meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory Committee (ISAC). Comprised of 30 nonfederal invasive...

  4. 76 FR 68776 - Invasive Species Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Secretary Invasive Species Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Interior. ACTION: Notice of public meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory... of meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory Committee (ISAC). Comprised of 29 nonfederal invasive...

  5. 77 FR 23740 - Invasive Species Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Secretary Invasive Species Advisory Committee AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Public Meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory... of meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory Committee (ISAC). Comprised of 30 nonfederal invasive...

  6. Cervical plexus block for thyroidectomy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    inflammatory analgesic (NSAID), like piroxicam, given at the time of premedication may be worthwhile for subsequent cases. Adequate padding of all bony prominences may also help mini- mize the postural discomfort. Too much traction on the trachea during surgical manipula- tion and pressure effect of retractors are ...

  7. Recent advances in the surgical treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer: a comprehensive review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkat, Raghunandan; Guerrero, Marlon A

    2013-01-01

    Differentiated thyroid cancers have become one of the fastest growing malignancies in the world. While surgery has remained the cornerstone of management of these tumors, the surgical approach has seen numerous innovations over the past few decades. The use of video-assistance and robotics has revolutionized thyroid surgery. This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the different approaches to thyroid surgery, the utility of prophylactic and therapeutic lymph node dissection, and evidence-based guidelines in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancers. Minimally invasive video-ssisted thyroidectomy is both safe and effective in the hands of the trained surgeon and, in selected patient populations, has comparative perioperative morbidity and better cosmesis as compared to conventional open thyroidectomy. It is universally accepted that therapeutic central lymph node dissection should be performed when metastatic lymph nodes are identified on physical exam, ultrasound, or intraoperatively. In the absence of overt nodal metastasis, the role of elective prophylactic central lymph node dissection remains a matter of debate and prospective, randomized studies are warranted to evaluate the utility of this procedure.

  8. Recent Advances in the Surgical Treatment of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: A Comprehensive Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raghunandan Venkat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Differentiated thyroid cancers have become one of the fastest growing malignancies in the world. While surgery has remained the cornerstone of management of these tumors, the surgical approach has seen numerous innovations over the past few decades. The use of video-assistance and robotics has revolutionized thyroid surgery. This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the different approaches to thyroid surgery, the utility of prophylactic and therapeutic lymph node dissection, and evidence-based guidelines in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancers. Minimally invasive video-ssisted thyroidectomy is both safe and effective in the hands of the trained surgeon and, in selected patient populations, has comparative perioperative morbidity and better cosmesis as compared to conventional open thyroidectomy. It is universally accepted that therapeutic central lymph node dissection should be performed when metastatic lymph nodes are identified on physical exam, ultrasound, or intraoperatively. In the absence of overt nodal metastasis, the role of elective prophylactic central lymph node dissection remains a matter of debate and prospective, randomized studies are warranted to evaluate the utility of this procedure.

  9. Invasive amphibians in southern Africa: A review of invasion pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Measey

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Globally, invasive amphibians are known for their environmental and social impacts that range from poisoning of local fauna and human populations to direct predation on other amphibians. Although several countries on most continents have had multiple introductions of many species, southern Africa appears to have escaped allochthonous introductions. Instead, it has a small number of domestic exotic species that have rapidly expanded their ranges and established invasive populations within South Africa. Objectives & methods: We used the literature to provide a historical overview of dispersal by some of the world’s major invasive amphibians, give examples of species that are commonly moved as stowaways and discuss historical and current amphibian trade in the region. In addition, we give an overview of new South African legislation and how this is applied to amphibian invasions, as well as providing updates on the introduced populations of three domestic exotics: Hyperolius marmoratus, Sclerophrys gutturalis and Xenopus laevis. Results: We show that frogs are mainly moved around southern Africa through ‘jump’ dispersal, although there are a number of records of ‘cultivation’, ‘leading-edge’ and ‘extreme long-distance’ dispersal types. Important pathways include trade in fruit and vegetables, horticultural products and shipping containers. Conclusion: We suggest that southern Africa is becoming more vulnerable to amphibian invasions because of an increase in trade, agricultural and domestic impoundments as well as global climate change. Increasing propagule pressure suggests that preventing new introductions will become a key challenge for the future. Currently, trade in amphibians in the region is practically non-existent, suggesting potential for best practice to prevent importation of species with high invasion potential and to stop the spread of disease.

  10. Anesthesia for minimally invasive neurosurgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhakar, Hemanshu; Mahajan, Charu; Kapoor, Indu

    2017-10-01

    With an ultimate aim of improving patients overall outcome and satisfaction, minimally invasive surgical approach is becoming more of a norm. The related anesthetic evidence has not expanded at the same rate as surgical and technological advancement. This article reviews the recent evidence on anesthesia and perioperative concerns for patients undergoing minimally invasive neurosurgery. Minimally invasive cranial and spinal surgeries have been made possible only by vast technological development. Points of surgical interest can be precisely located with the help of stereotaxy and neuronavigation and special endoscopes which decrease the tissue trauma. The principles of neuroanethesia remain the same, but few concerns are specific for each technique. Dexmedetomidine has a favorable profile for procedures carried out under sedation technique. As the new surgical techniques are coming up, lesser known anesthetic concerns may also come into light. Over the last year, little new information has been added to existing literature regarding anesthesia for minimally invasive neurosurgeries. Neuroanesthesia goals remain the same and less invasive surgical techniques do not translate into safe anesthesia. Specific concerns for each procedure should be taken into consideration.

  11. Interstitial guidance of cancer invasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gritsenko, Pavlo G; Ilina, Olga; Friedl, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Cancer cell invasion into healthy tissues develops preferentially along pre-existing tracks of least resistance, followed by secondary tissue remodelling and destruction. The tissue scaffolds supporting or preventing guidance of invasion vary in structure and molecular composition between organs. In the brain, the guidance is provided by myelinated axons, astrocyte processes, and blood vessels which are used as invasion routes by glioma cells. In the human breast, containing interstitial collagen-rich connective tissue, disseminating breast cancer cells preferentially invade along bundled collagen fibrils and the surface of adipocytes. In both invasion types, physical guidance prompted by interfaces and space is complemented by molecular guidance. Generic mechanisms shared by most, if not all, tissues include (i) guidance by integrins towards fibrillar interstitial collagen and/or laminins and type IV collagen in basement membranes decorating vessels and adipocytes, and, likely, CD44 engaging with hyaluronan; (ii) haptotactic guidance by chemokines and growth factors; and likely (iii) physical pushing mechanisms. Tissue-specific, resticted guidance cues include ECM proteins with restricted expression (tenascins, lecticans), cell-cell interfaces, and newly secreted matrix molecules decorating ECM fibres (laminin-332, thrombospondin-1, osteopontin, periostin). We here review physical and molecular guidance mechanisms in interstitial tissue and brain parenchyma and explore shared principles and organ-specific differences, and their implications for experimental model design and therapeutic targeting of tumour cell invasion. Copyright © 2011 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  12. Optic nerve invasion of uveal melanoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindegaard, Jens; Isager, Peter; Prause, Jan Ulrik

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the study was to identify the histopathological characteristics associated with the invasion of the optic nerve of uveal melanoma and to evaluate the association between invasion of the optic nerve and survival. In order to achieve this, all uveal melanomas with optic nerve invasion...... in Denmark between 1942 and 2001 were reviewed (n=157). Histopathological characteristics and depth of optic nerve invasion were recorded. The material was compared with a control material from the same period consisting of 85 cases randomly drawn from all choroidal/ciliary body melanomas without optic nerve...... invasion. Prelaminar/laminar optic nerve invasion was in multivariate analysis associated with focal retinal invasion, neovascularization of the chamber angle, and scleral invasion. Postlaminar invasion was further associated with non-spindle cell type and rupture of the inner limiting membrane...

  13. Invasive exotic plants suffer less herbivory than non-invasive exotic plants

    OpenAIRE

    Cappuccino, Naomi; Carpenter, David

    2005-01-01

    We surveyed naturally occurring leaf herbivory in nine invasive and nine non-invasive exotic plant species sampled in natural areas in Ontario, New York and Massachusetts, and found that invasive plants experienced, on average, 96% less leaf damage than non-invasive species. Invasive plants were also more taxonomically isolated than non-invasive plants, belonging to families with 75% fewer native North American genera. However, the relationship between taxonomic isolation at the family level ...

  14. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nicky

    failure may benefit from a trial of NIV. Increased work of breathing, as noted by use of accessory breathing. SAJCC. 10. July 2005, V ol. 21, No. 1. University of Manitoba and Manitoba Institute of Child Health, Winnipeg, Canada. B Louise Giles, MD, FRCPC. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a modality of providing airway and ...

  15. Vaccines against invasive Salmonella disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLennan, Calman A; Martin, Laura B; Micoli, Francesca

    2014-01-01

    Though primarily enteric pathogens, Salmonellae are responsible for a considerable yet under-appreciated global burden of invasive disease. In South and South-East Asia, this manifests as enteric fever caused by serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A. In sub-Saharan Africa, a similar disease burden results from invasive nontyphoidal Salmonellae, principally serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis. The existing Ty21a live-attenuated and Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccines target S. Typhi and are not effective in young children where the burden of invasive Salmonella disease is highest. After years of lack of investment in new Salmonella vaccines, recent times have seen increased interest in the area led by emerging-market manufacturers, global health vaccine institutes and academic partners. New glycoconjugate vaccines against S. Typhi are becoming available with similar vaccines against other invasive serovars in development. With other new vaccines under investigation, including live-attenuated, protein-based and GMMA vaccines, now is an exciting time for the Salmonella vaccine field. PMID:24804797

  16. Invasive cranial mycosis our experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tapas Kumbhkar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fungi can cause serious cranial infections in immunocompromised and diabetic patients. Common pathogens mainly include Aspergillus and Mucor. These organisms cause tissue invasion and destruction of adjacent structures (e.g. orbit, ethmoid, sphenoid, maxillary & cavernous sinuses. Mortality and morbidity rate is high despite combined surgical, antifungal and antidiabetic treatment. We present our experience of six cases with such infection.

  17. Biological invasions in forest ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew M. Liebhold; Eckehard G. Brockerhoff; Susan Kalisz; Martin A. Nuñez; David A. Wardle; Michael J. Wingfield

    2017-01-01

    Forests play critical roles in global ecosystem processes and provide numerous services to society. But forests are increasingly affected by a variety of human influences, especially those resulting from biological invasions. Species invading forests include woody and herbaceous plants, many animal species including mammals and invertebrates, as well as a variety of...

  18. Approaching invasive species in Madagascar | Kull | Madagascar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    invasive', the topic of invasive species has until recently received less attention here than in other island contexts. Some species, often alien to Madagascar and introduced by humans, have expanded their range rapidly and have had both ...

  19. Invasive thymoma: CT diagnosis and evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun Zhonghua; Yu Hong; Liu Hengshun; Yan Hongzhen; Zhang Shurong

    1998-01-01

    Purpose: To study the CT manifestation of invasive thymoma for staging and treatment planning. Materials and methods: The authors reviewed and analyzed the CT scans of 26 patients with invasive thymoma confirmed by surgery and pathology with emphasis on lesion density, invasion of adjacent mediastinal structures, pleural seeding mediastinal nodes and extra-mediastinal metastases. Results: In 26 cases of invasive thymoma, all CT scans demonstrated the soft tissue mass in anterior mediastinum, with heterogeneous density in 16 patients. Irregular invasion to adjacent organs was found in 24 patients. The main findings were mediastinal pleura invasion in 7, lung invasion 9, pleural implants 3, cardiovascular involvement in 20, and cardiophrenic and abdominal invasion in 3. CT is especially effective in detecting the involvement of pleura, pericardium and lung. Conclusion: Computed tomography provides the most reliable assessment of the extent of the disease. Conventional CT scan allows accurate staging and treatment planning

  20. Invasive plant species in hardwood tree plantations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochelle R. Beasley; Paula M. Pijut

    2010-01-01

    Invasive plants are species that can grow and spread aggressively, mature quickly, and invade an ecosystem causing economic and environmental damage. Invasive plants usually invade disturbed areas, but can also colonize small areas quickly, and may spread and dominate large areas in a few short years. Invasive plant species displace native or desirable forest...

  1. Invasive plants in 21st Century landscapes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valerie. Rapp

    2005-01-01

    A plant species is defined as invasive if it is nonnative to the ecosystem under consideration, and if it causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. Nonnative plant invasions are generally considered to have reached the Pacific Northwest in the mid-1800s with the arrival of European-American settlers. Invasive species such as...

  2. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 9)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justin Runyon

    2017-01-01

    This newsletter is designed to keep managers and other users up-to-date with recently completed and ongoing research by RMRS scientists, as well as to highlight breaking news related to invasive species issues. The newsletter is produced by the RMRS Invasive Species Working Group (ISWG), a core group of scientists who volunteer to disseminate RMRS invasive species...

  3. Do invasive plant species alter soil health?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Invasive species may alter soil characteristics or interact with the soil microbial community to yield a competitive advantage. Our objectives were to determine: if invasive plant species alter soil properties important to soil health; and the long-term effects of invasive plant species on soil pro...

  4. 78 FR 70317 - Invasive Species Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Secretary Invasive Species Advisory Committee AGENCY..., notice is hereby given of meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory Committee. The purpose of the Advisory Committee is to provide advice to the National Invasive Species Council, as authorized by...

  5. Invasive species and climate change (Chapter 7)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justin B. Runyon; Jack L. Butler; Megan M. Friggens; Susan E. Meyer; Sharlene E. Sing

    2012-01-01

    Invasive species present one of the greatest threats to the health and sustainability of ecosystems worldwide. Invasive plants, animals, and diseases are known to have significant negative effects on biological diversity and the ecological structure and functions of native ecosystems. Moreover, the economic cost imposed by invasive species is enormous—the damage...

  6. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 4)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ned B. Klopfenstein; Brian W. Geils

    2010-01-01

    The fourth issue of Invasive Species Science Update has finally arrived. This newsletter has no set publication schedule, but our intent is to deliver invasive species information on a timely basis. The RMRS Invasive Species Working Group (ISWG) has been reorganized and recharged. General information on the ISWG is presented in a publication by Butler and others (2009...

  7. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 7)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean Pearson; Yvette Ortega; Jack Butler

    2014-01-01

    Invasive Species Science Updates are designed to keep managers and other users up-to-date with recently completed and ongoing research by RMRS scientists, as well as highlight breaking news related to invasive species issues. The newsletter is produced by the RMRS Invasive Species Working Group (ISWG), which is a core group of scientists who volunteer to coordinate...

  8. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean Pearson; Yvette Ortega

    2011-01-01

    Welcome to the fifth issue of the Rocky Mountain Research Station's (RMRS) Invasive Species Science Update. The newsletter is produced by the RMRS Invasive Species Working Group (ISWG), which is a core group of scientists who volunteer to coordinate outreach of RMRS invasive species science to managers and the public. After publishing the past four newsletters, we...

  9. 78 FR 11899 - Invasive Species Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ... DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of the Secretary Invasive Species Advisory Committee AGENCY... notice of public meetings of the Invasive Species Advisory Committee. The document contained incorrect..., March 6, 2013; 9 a.m. to 1:45 p.m. Meeting of the Invasive Species Advisory Committee (OPEN): Thursday...

  10. Invasive Species Science Update (No. 8)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean Pearson; Yvette Ortega; Jack Butler

    2015-01-01

    Invasive Species Science Updates are designed to keep managers and other users up-to-date with recently completed and ongoing research by RMRS scientists, as well as highlight breaking news related to invasive species issues. The newsletter is produced by the RMRS Invasive Species Working Group (ISWG), which is a core group of scientists who volunteer to coordinate...

  11. Terrestrial animals as invasive species and as species at risk from invasions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah M. Finch; Dean Pearson; Joseph Wunderle; Wayne Arendt

    2010-01-01

    Including terrestrial animal species in the invasive species strategy plan is an important step in invasive species management. Invasions by nonindigenous species threaten nearly 50 percent of imperiled native species in the United States and are the Nation's second leading cause of species endangerment. Invasion and conversion of native habitats by exotic species...

  12. The risk of establishment of aquatic invasive species: joining invasibility and propagule pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Brian; Mandrak, Nicholas E

    2007-10-22

    Invasive species are increasingly becoming a policy priority. This has spurred researchers and managers to try to estimate the risk of invasion. Conceptually, invasions are dependent both on the receiving environment (invasibility) and on the ability to reach these new areas (propagule pressure). However, analyses of risk typically examine only one or the other. Here, we develop and apply a joint model of invasion risk that simultaneously incorporates invasibility and propagule pressure. We present arguments that the behaviour of these two elements of risk differs substantially--propagule pressure is a function of time, whereas invasibility is not--and therefore have different management implications. Further, we use the well-studied zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) to contrast predictions made using the joint model to those made by separate invasibility and propagule pressure models. We show that predictions of invasion progress as well as of the long-term invasion pattern are strongly affected by using a joint model.

  13. Invasive procedures with questionable indications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei V. Jargin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Insufficient coordination of medical research and partial isolation from the international scientific community can result in application of invasive methods without sufficient indications. Here is presented an overview of renal and pancreatic biopsy studies performed in the course of the operations of pancreatic blood shunting into the systemic blood flow in type 1 diabetic patients. Furthermore a surgical procedure of lung denervation as a treatment method of asthma as well as the use of bronchoscopy for research in asthmatics are discussed here. Today, the upturn in Russian economy enables acquisition of modern equipment; and medical research is on the increase. Under these circumstances, the purpose of this letter was to remind that, performing surgical or other invasive procedures, the risk-to-benefit ratio should be kept as low as possible.

  14. Radiologic aspects in invasive aspergillosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feger, C.; Kerviler, E. de; Zagdanski, A.M.; Attal, P.; Cyna-Gorse, F.; Frija, J.; Laval-Jeantet, M.

    1994-01-01

    Invasive aspergillosis is a life-threatening illness, whose diagnosis is difficult: clinical signs are indeed not specific, and biological and mycological exams are not always conclusive. Radiological exams are essential for the diagnosis of this disease allowing to start an early intensive appropriate therapy. According to the literature and to their own experience the authors report the main radiological patterns with emphasis on the pulmonary and cerebral affections. (authors). 26 refs., 5 figs

  15. Non-invasive extending prosthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Meswania, Jayantilal Mohanlal

    2006-01-01

    Most sarcomas of the bone occur in patients of a relatively young age including skeletally immature patients. Approximately 50 child sarcomas are treated with limb salvage surgery per year in the United Kingdom. These children need an extendible implant that can be lengthened periodically to keep pace with the growth in the opposite limb. Surgically, invasive devices have been used for the past thirty years with intrinsic problems of infection and long-term recurrent trauma to the patient. To...

  16. Biological invasions, ecological resilience and adaptive governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaffin, Brian C.; Garmestani, Ahjond S.; Angeler, David G.; Herrmann, Dustin L.; Stow, Craig A.; Nystrom, Magnus; Sendzimir, Jan; Hopton, Matthew E.; Kolasa, Jurek; Allen, Craig R.

    2016-01-01

    In a world of increasing interconnections in global trade as well as rapid change in climate and land cover, the accelerating introduction and spread of invasive species is a critical concern due to associated negative social and ecological impacts, both real and perceived. Much of the societal response to invasive species to date has been associated with negative economic consequences of invasions. This response has shaped a war-like approach to addressing invasions, one with an agenda of eradications and intense ecological restoration efforts towards prior or more desirable ecological regimes. This trajectory often ignores the concept of ecological resilience and associated approaches of resilience-based governance. We argue that the relationship between ecological resilience and invasive species has been understudied to the detriment of attempts to govern invasions, and that most management actions fail, primarily because they do not incorporate adaptive, learning-based approaches. Invasive species can decrease resilience by reducing the biodiversity that underpins ecological functions and processes, making ecosystems more prone to regime shifts. However, invasions do not always result in a shift to an alternative regime; invasions can also increase resilience by introducing novelty, replacing lost ecological functions or adding redundancy that strengthens already existing structures and processes in an ecosystem. This paper examines the potential impacts of species invasions on the resilience of ecosystems and suggests that resilience-based approaches can inform policy by linking the governance of biological invasions to the negotiation of tradeoffs between ecosystem services.

  17. Invasive predators and global biodiversity loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Tim S; Glen, Alistair S; Nimmo, Dale G; Ritchie, Euan G; Dickman, Chris R

    2016-10-04

    Invasive species threaten biodiversity globally, and invasive mammalian predators are particularly damaging, having contributed to considerable species decline and extinction. We provide a global metaanalysis of these impacts and reveal their full extent. Invasive predators are implicated in 87 bird, 45 mammal, and 10 reptile species extinctions-58% of these groups' contemporary extinctions worldwide. These figures are likely underestimated because 23 critically endangered species that we assessed are classed as "possibly extinct." Invasive mammalian predators endanger a further 596 species at risk of extinction, with cats, rodents, dogs, and pigs threatening the most species overall. Species most at risk from predators have high evolutionary distinctiveness and inhabit insular environments. Invasive mammalian predators are therefore important drivers of irreversible loss of phylogenetic diversity worldwide. That most impacted species are insular indicates that management of invasive predators on islands should be a global conservation priority. Understanding and mitigating the impact of invasive mammalian predators is essential for reducing the rate of global biodiversity loss.

  18. Will climate change promote future invasions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellard, Celine; Thuiller, Wilfried; Leroy, Boris; Genovesi, Piero; Bakkenes, Michel; Courchamp, Franck

    2013-12-01

    Biological invasion is increasingly recognized as one of the greatest threats to biodiversity. Using ensemble forecasts from species distribution models to project future suitable areas of the 100 of the world's worst invasive species defined by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, we show that both climate and land use changes will likely cause drastic species range shifts. Looking at potential spatial aggregation of invasive species, we identify three future hotspots of invasion in Europe, northeastern North America, and Oceania. We also emphasize that some regions could lose a significant number of invasive alien species, creating opportunities for ecosystem restoration. From the list of 100, scenarios of potential range distributions show a consistent shrinking for invasive amphibians and birds, while for aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates distributions are projected to substantially increase in most cases. Given the harmful impacts these invasive species currently have on ecosystems, these species will likely dramatically influence the future of biodiversity. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. 3D-CRT, Proton, or Brachytherapy APBI in Treating Patients With Invasive and Non-invasive Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-29

    Ductal Breast Carcinoma In Situ; Estrogen Receptor Positive; Grade 1 Invasive Breast Carcinoma; Grade 2 Invasive Breast Carcinoma; Grade 3 Invasive Breast Carcinoma; Invasive Ductal and Lobular Carcinoma In Situ; Mucinous Breast Carcinoma; Tubular Breast Carcinoma

  20. The valve of CT in diagnosing the invasive and non-invasive thymoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tang Wenyan; Jiang Kuiming; Song Ting; Lin Wenjian; Chen Zhanhang

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To Study CT features of thymoma and its value in differentiating the invasive from non-invasive thymoma. Methods: CT findings of 17 cases with thymoma (11 non-invasive and 6 invasive) confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively. Results: 11 cases were non-invasive thymoma. On CT, the tumors were round or oval in 6 cases, lobulate in 4 cases, and irregular in 1 case. The lesions showed homogeneous density and mild enhancement in 9 cases. 10 of them showed complete capsules without invasion. The mass-cardiovascular interface was: convex type in 5 cases, flat type in 3 cases and concave type in 2 cases. 6 cases were invasive thymoma, tumors were irregular and heterogeneous in 5 cases. Significant and inhomogeneous enhancement on post contrast CT was found. Conclusion: The CT features of thymoma was specific, and CT is of great value in differentiating the invasive from non-invasive thymoma. (authors)

  1. A subcontinental view of forest plant invasions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher M. Oswalt

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades, considerable attention has focused on small-scale studies of invasive plants and invaded systems. Unfortunately, small scale studies rarely provide comprehensive insight into the complexities of biological invasions at macroscales. Systematic and repeated monitoring of biological invasions at broad scales are rare. In this report, we highlight a unique invasive plant database from the national Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA program of the United States Forest Service. We demonstrate the importance and capability of this subcontinental-wide database by showcasing several critical macroscale invasion patterns that have emerged from its initial analysis: (1 large portion of the forests systems (39% in the United States are impacted by invasive plants, (2 forests in the eastern United States harbor more invasive species than the western regions, (3 human land-use legacies at regional to national scales may drive large-scale invasion patterns. This accumulated dataset, which continues to grow in temporal richness with repeated measurements, will allow the understanding of invasion patterns and processes at multi-spatial and temporal scales. Such insights are not possible from smaller-scale studies, illustrating the benefit that can be gained by investing in the development of regional to continental-wide invasion monitoring programs elsewhere.

  2. Secretome signature of invasive glioblastoma multiforme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Formolo, Catherine A; Williams, Russell; Gordish-Dressman, Heather; MacDonald, Tobey J; Lee, Norman H; Hathout, Yetrib

    2011-07-01

    The incurability of malignant glioblastomas is mainly attributed to their highly invasive nature coupled with resistance to chemo- and radiation therapy. Because invasiveness is partially dictated by the proteins these tumors secrete we used SILAC to characterize the secretomes of four glioblastoma cell lines (LN18, T98, U118 and U87). Although U87 and U118 cells both secreted high levels of well-known invasion promoting proteins, a Matrigel invasion assay showed U87 cells to be eight times more invasive than U118 cells, suggesting that additional proteins secreted by U87 cells may contribute to the highly invasive phenotype. Indeed, we identified a number of proteins highly or exclusively expressed by U87 cells as compared to the less invasive cell lines. The most striking of these include ADAM9, ADAM10, cathepsin B, cathepsin L1, osteopontin, neuropilin-1, semaphorin-7A, suprabasin, and chitinase-3-like protein 1. U87 cells also expressed significantly low levels of some cell adhesion proteins such as periostin and EMILIN-1. Correlation of secretome profiles with relative levels of invasiveness using Pavlidis template matching further indicated potential roles for these proteins in U87 glioblastoma invasion. Antibody inhibition of CH3L1 reduced U87 cell invasiveness by 30%.

  3. Invasive ductal carcinoma vs. invasive lobular carcinoma; mammographic findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eun Chun; Do, Young Soo; Oh, Hoon Il; Han, Yoon Hee; Kim, Ki Soo; Chin, Soo Yil [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate mammographic findings of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and invasive lobular carcinoma(ILC) and to find differential points between the two. 239 patients, who underwent mammography prior to surgery and were proved to have IDC(patients) or ILC(15 patients) pathologically, were analized retrospectively. On mammogram, presence of mass and microcalcification were analized. When there was a mass on mammogram, lesion opacity was classified into high, equal, or low opacity and border of the mass was classified into spiculated, poorly marginated, and well-marginated. When there was no definite mass, mammographic findings were classifie into asymmetric opacity and no mass. Masses were observed in 168 patients(75%) of IDC and 12 patients(80%) of ILC. Border of the masses were spiculated(n=50, 22.3%), poorly marginated(n=112, 50%), or well-marginated(n=6, 2.7%) in patients with IDC. Spiculated and poorly marginated borders were observed in 8 patients(53.3%) and 4 patients(26.7%) respectively, in patients with ILC. Microcalcifications were seen in 88 patients(17.3%) of IDC and patients(33.3%) of ILC. Although equal or low opacities were observed more frequently in ILC and microcalcifications were noted more frequently in IDC, it was difficult to differentiate the two diseases based on mammographic findings.

  4. Invasive ductal carcinoma vs. invasive lobular carcinoma; mammographic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Eun Chun; Do, Young Soo; Oh, Hoon Il; Han, Yoon Hee; Kim, Ki Soo; Chin, Soo Yil

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate mammographic findings of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and invasive lobular carcinoma(ILC) and to find differential points between the two. 239 patients, who underwent mammography prior to surgery and were proved to have IDC(patients) or ILC(15 patients) pathologically, were analized retrospectively. On mammogram, presence of mass and microcalcification were analized. When there was a mass on mammogram, lesion opacity was classified into high, equal, or low opacity and border of the mass was classified into spiculated, poorly marginated, and well-marginated. When there was no definite mass, mammographic findings were classifie into asymmetric opacity and no mass. Masses were observed in 168 patients(75%) of IDC and 12 patients(80%) of ILC. Border of the masses were spiculated(n=50, 22.3%), poorly marginated(n=112, 50%), or well-marginated(n=6, 2.7%) in patients with IDC. Spiculated and poorly marginated borders were observed in 8 patients(53.3%) and 4 patients(26.7%) respectively, in patients with ILC. Microcalcifications were seen in 88 patients(17.3%) of IDC and patients(33.3%) of ILC. Although equal or low opacities were observed more frequently in ILC and microcalcifications were noted more frequently in IDC, it was difficult to differentiate the two diseases based on mammographic findings

  5. The Invasive Species Forecasting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnase, John; Most, Neal; Gill, Roger; Ma, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Invasive Species Forecasting System (ISFS) provides computational support for the generic work processes found in many regional-scale ecosystem modeling applications. Decision support tools built using ISFS allow a user to load point occurrence field sample data for a plant species of interest and quickly generate habitat suitability maps for geographic regions of management concern, such as a national park, monument, forest, or refuge. This type of decision product helps resource managers plan invasive species protection, monitoring, and control strategies for the lands they manage. Until now, scientists and resource managers have lacked the data-assembly and computing capabilities to produce these maps quickly and cost efficiently. ISFS focuses on regional-scale habitat suitability modeling for invasive terrestrial plants. ISFS s component architecture emphasizes simplicity and adaptability. Its core services can be easily adapted to produce model-based decision support tools tailored to particular parks, monuments, forests, refuges, and related management units. ISFS can be used to build standalone run-time tools that require no connection to the Internet, as well as fully Internet-based decision support applications. ISFS provides the core data structures, operating system interfaces, network interfaces, and inter-component constraints comprising the canonical workflow for habitat suitability modeling. The predictors, analysis methods, and geographic extents involved in any particular model run are elements of the user space and arbitrarily configurable by the user. ISFS provides small, lightweight, readily hardened core components of general utility. These components can be adapted to unanticipated uses, are tailorable, and require at most a loosely coupled, nonproprietary connection to the Web. Users can invoke capabilities from a command line; programmers can integrate ISFS's core components into more complex systems and services. Taken together, these

  6. Non-invasive neural stimulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, William J.; Sanguinetti, Joseph L.; Fini, Maria; Hool, Nicholas

    2017-05-01

    Neurotechnologies for non-invasively interfacing with neural circuits have been evolving from those capable of sensing neural activity to those capable of restoring and enhancing human brain function. Generally referred to as non-invasive neural stimulation (NINS) methods, these neuromodulation approaches rely on electrical, magnetic, photonic, and acoustic or ultrasonic energy to influence nervous system activity, brain function, and behavior. Evidence that has been surmounting for decades shows that advanced neural engineering of NINS technologies will indeed transform the way humans treat diseases, interact with information, communicate, and learn. The physics underlying the ability of various NINS methods to modulate nervous system activity can be quite different from one another depending on the energy modality used as we briefly discuss. For members of commercial and defense industry sectors that have not traditionally engaged in neuroscience research and development, the science, engineering and technology required to advance NINS methods beyond the state-of-the-art presents tremendous opportunities. Within the past few years alone there have been large increases in global investments made by federal agencies, foundations, private investors and multinational corporations to develop advanced applications of NINS technologies. Driven by these efforts NINS methods and devices have recently been introduced to mass markets via the consumer electronics industry. Further, NINS continues to be explored in a growing number of defense applications focused on enhancing human dimensions. The present paper provides a brief introduction to the field of non-invasive neural stimulation by highlighting some of the more common methods in use or under current development today.

  7. [Minimally invasive approach for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Liang; Sun, Taicun; Huang, Yonghui

    2010-01-01

    To summarize the recent minimally invasive approach for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). The recent literature at home and abroad concerning minimally invasive approach for CSR was reviewed and summarized. There were two techniques of minimally invasive approach for CSR at present: percutaneous puncture techniques and endoscopic techniques. The degenerate intervertebral disc was resected or nucleolysis by percutaneous puncture technique if CSR was caused by mild or moderate intervertebral disc herniations. The cervical microendoscopic discectomy and foraminotomy was an effective minimally invasive approach which could provide a clear view. The endoscopy techniques were suitable to treat CSR caused by foraminal osteophytes, lateral disc herniations, local ligamentum flavum thickening and spondylotic foraminal stenosis. The minimally invasive procedure has the advantages of simple handling, minimally invasive and low incidence of complications. But the scope of indications is relatively narrow at present.

  8. [Interactions between invasive plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: a review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Yan-fang; Guo, Shao-xia; Li, Min

    2011-09-01

    The invasion of invasive plants changes the biological community structure in their invaded lands, leading to the biodiversity loss. As an important component of soil microorganisms in terrestrial ecosystem, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can affect the growth performance of invasive plants. This kind of specific relations between AM fungi and invasive plants also implies that AM fungi can affect plant invasion. On the other hand, the invasion of invasive plants can affect the community structure and function of AM fungi. This paper summarized the species and harms of invasive plants in China, and discussed the relationships between AM fungi and invasive plants invasion, including the roles of AM fungi in the processes of invasive plants invasion, the effects of the invasion on AM fungi, and the interactive mechanisms between the invasion and AM fungi.

  9. Invasive plants have broader physiological niches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Steven I; Richardson, David M

    2014-07-22

    Invasive species cost the global economy billions of dollars each year, but ecologists have struggled to predict the risk of an introduced species naturalizing and invading. Although carefully designed experiments are needed to fully elucidate what makes some species invasive, much can be learned from unintentional experiments involving the introduction of species beyond their native ranges. Here, we assess invasion risk by linking a physiologically based species distribution model with data on the invasive success of 749 Australian acacia and eucalypt tree species that have, over more than a century, been introduced around the world. The model correctly predicts 92% of occurrences observed outside of Australia from an independent dataset. We found that invasiveness is positively associated with the projection of physiological niche volume in geographic space, thereby illustrating that species tolerant of a broader range of environmental conditions are more likely to be invasive. Species achieve this broader tolerance in different ways, meaning that the traits that define invasive success are context-specific. Hence, our study reconciles studies that have failed to identify the traits that define invasive success with the urgent and pragmatic need to predict invasive success.

  10. Secretome Signature of Invasive Glioblastoma Multiforme

    OpenAIRE

    Formolo, Catherine A.; Williams, Russell; Gordish-Dressman, Heather; MacDonald, Tobey J.; Lee, Norman H.; Hathout, Yetrib

    2011-01-01

    The incurability of malignant glioblastomas is mainly attributed to their highly invasive nature coupled with resistance to chemo- and radiation therapy. Because invasiveness is partially dictated by the proteins these tumors secrete we used SILAC to characterize the secretomes of four glioblastoma cell lines (LN18, T98, U118 and U87). Although U87 and U118 cells both secreted high levels of well-known invasion promoting proteins, a Matrigel invasion assay showed U87 cells to be eight times m...

  11. Intraspecies differenes in phenotypic plasticity: Invasive versus non-invasive populations of Ceratophyllum demersum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldgaard, Benita; Brix, Hans

    2012-01-01

    High phenotypic plasticity has been hypothesized to affect the invasiveness of plants, as high plasticity may enlarge the breath of environments in which the plants can survive and reproduce. Here we compare the phenotypic plasticity of invasive and non-invasive populations of the same species...... in response to growth temperature. Populations of the submerged macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum from New Zealand, where the species is introduced and invasive, and from Denmark, where the species is native and non-invasive, were grown in a common garden setup at temperatures of 12, 18, 25 and 35 ◦C. We...... hypothesized that the phenotypic plasticity in fitness-related traits like growth and photosynthesis were higher in the invasive than in the non-invasive population. The invasive population acclimated to elevated temperatures through increased rates of photosynthesis (range: Pamb: 8–452 mol O2 g−1 DM h−1...

  12. Comparison of the Invasion of Crete and the Proposed Invasion in Malta

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kavanaugh, Stephen L

    2006-01-01

    .... The invasion of Crete was executed from 20 May to 1 June 1941 with heavy German losses. The invasion of Malta never took place even though the senior military leaders in the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW...

  13. Alabama invasive plant council: list of invasive plants by cultural use categories

    Science.gov (United States)

    James H. Miller; Nancy J. Loewenstein; Curtis J. Hansen

    2006-01-01

    Shortly after formation of the Alabama Invasive Plant Council (ALIPC) in 2003, a committee dedicated to assessment and listing of invasive plants was convened – the ALIPC Invasive Plant Listing Committee. Committee members were drawn from the wide diversity of expertise of the Council, which welcomes participation by all land-use and water-use managers, owners,...

  14. Comparative anatomy of invasive and non-invasive species in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The foliar and stem micromorphological study of the invasive and non-invasive species were undertaken using Light Microscope (LM). The occurrence of vessels in the pillar of the abundant sclerenchyma tissues are important component of the skeletal system in the invasive species. The prominent tiles of parenchymatous ...

  15. Invasion of a mined landscape: what habitat characteristics are influencing the occurrence of invasive plants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    D. Lemke; I.A. Tazisong; Y. Wang; J.A. Brown

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the world, the invasion of alien plants is an increasing threat to native biodiversity. Invasion is especially prevalent in areas affected by land transformation and anthropogenic disturbance. Surface mines are a major disturbance, and thus may promote the establishment and expansion of invasive plant communities. Environmental and habitat factors that may...

  16. Unconventional gas development facilitates plant invasions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Kathryn M; Mortensen, David A; Drohan, Patrick J; Averill, Kristine M

    2017-11-01

    Vegetation removal and soil disturbance from natural resource development, combined with invasive plant propagule pressure, can increase vulnerability to plant invasions. Unconventional oil and gas development produces surface disturbance by way of well pad, road, and pipeline construction, and increased traffic. Little is known about the resulting impacts on plant community assembly, including the spread of invasive plants. Our work was conducted in Pennsylvania forests that overlay the Marcellus and Utica shale formations to determine if invasive plants have spread to edge habitat created by unconventional gas development and to investigate factors associated with their presence. A piecewise structural equation model was used to determine the direct and indirect factors associated with invasive plant establishment on well pads. The model included the following measured or calculated variables: current propagule pressure on local access roads, the spatial extent of the pre-development road network (potential source of invasive propagules), the number of wells per pad (indicator of traffic density), and pad age. Sixty-one percent of the 127 well pads surveyed had at least one invasive plant species present. Invasive plant presence on well pads was positively correlated with local propagule pressure on access roads and indirectly with road density pre-development, the number of wells, and age of the well pad. The vast reserves of unconventional oil and gas are in the early stages of development in the US. Continued development of this underground resource must be paired with careful monitoring and management of surface ecological impacts, including the spread of invasive plants. Prioritizing invasive plant monitoring in unconventional oil and gas development areas with existing roads and multi-well pads could improve early detection and control of invasive plants. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. E-commerce trade in invasive plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humair, Franziska; Humair, Luc; Kuhn, Fabian; Kueffer, Christoph

    2015-12-01

    Biological invasions are a major concern in conservation, especially because global transport of species is still increasing rapidly. Conservationists hope to anticipate and thus prevent future invasions by identifying and regulating potentially invasive species through species risk assessments and international trade regulations. Among many introduction pathways of non-native species, horticulture is a particularly important driver of plant invasions. In recent decades, the horticultural industry expanded globally and changed structurally through the emergence of new distribution channels, including internet trade (e-commerce). Using an automated search algorithm, we surveyed, on a daily basis, e-commerce trade on 10 major online auction sites (including eBay) of approximately three-fifths of the world's spermatophyte flora. Many recognized invasive plant species (>500 species) (i.e., species associated with ecological or socio-economic problems) were traded daily worldwide on the internet. A markedly higher proportion of invasive than non-invasive species were available online. Typically, for a particular plant family, 30-80% of recognized invasive species were detected on an auction site, but only a few percentages of all species in the plant family were detected on a site. Families that were more traded had a higher proportion of invasive species than families that were less traded. For woody species, there was a significant positive relationship between the number of regions where a species was sold and the number of regions where it was invasive. Our results indicate that biosecurity is not effectively regulating online plant trade. In the future, automated monitoring of e-commerce may help prevent the spread of invasive species, provide information on emerging trade connectivity across national borders, and be used in horizon scanning exercises for early detection of new species and their geographic source areas in international trade. © 2015 Society for

  18. Benefits of non invasive ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millar, D; Kirpalani, H

    2004-10-01

    Mechanical ventilation of the newborn infant has increased neonatal survival. However, this increased survival has come at the expense of increased morbidity, in the form of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and at the cost of an expensive technology. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is accepted as conferring clinical benefit in supporting the recently extubated preterm infant and in the management of apnea of prematurity. Attention is now being drawn to physiologic and clinical evidence to support CPAP use, with or without early surfactant, as a primary treatment of hyaline membrane disease. The purpose of this review is to explore these proposed benefits of non invasive ventilation and place them in the context of current clinical evidence.

  19. Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, Signe; Schmidt, Thomas Andersen; Kjaergard, Henrik K

    2009-01-01

    In this descriptive prospective study, we evaluate the outcomes of surgery in 98 patients who were scheduled to undergo minimally invasive aortic valve replacement. These patients were compared with a group of 50 patients who underwent scheduled aortic valve replacement through a full sternotomy...... operations were completed as mini-sternotomies, 4 died later of noncardiac causes. The aortic cross-clamp and perfusion times were significantly different across all groups (P replacement...... is an excellent operation in selected patients, but its true advantages over conventional aortic valve replacement (other than a smaller scar) await evaluation by means of randomized clinical trial. The "extended mini-aortic valve replacement" operation, on the other hand, is a risky procedure that should...

  20. Invasive alien birds in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fox, Anthony David; Heldbjerg, Henning; Nyegaard, Timme

    2015-01-01

    Avian Introduced Alien Species (IAS) constitute a threat to the integrity of native biodiversity, the economy and human health, so here we briefly review some of the problems posed by such species around the world in relation to such bird species in Denmark. A new European Union Regulation...... on Invasive Alien Species implemented in January 2015 establishes a framework for actions to combat alien species, which requires Member States to prevent the spread of alien species, provide early warning and rapid responses to their presence and management of established alien species where they occur. We...... show the importance of mechanisms such as DOF’s (Dansk Ornitologisk Forening, BirdLife Denmark) Atlas project, Common Bird Census (breeding and wintering species) and DOFbasen to contribute data on the current geographical and numerical distribution of the few serious alien avian species already...