WorldWideScience

Sample records for international development general

  1. Generalized internal multiple imaging

    KAUST Repository

    Zuberi, M. A. H.

    2014-08-05

    Internal multiples deteriorate the image when the imaging procedure assumes only single scattering, especially if the velocity model does not have sharp contrasts to reproduce such scattering in the Green’s function through forward modeling. If properly imaged, internal multiples (internally scattered energy) can enhance the seismic image. Conventionally, to image internal multiples, accurate, sharp contrasts in the velocity model are required to construct a Green’s function with all the scattered energy. As an alternative, we have developed a generalized internal multiple imaging procedure that images any order internal scattering using the background Green’s function (from the surface to each image point), constructed from a smooth velocity model, usually used for conventional imaging. For the first-order internal multiples, the approach consisted of three steps, in which we first back propagated the recorded surface seismic data using the background Green’s function, then crosscorrelated the back-propagated data with the recorded data, and finally crosscorrelated the result with the original background Green’s function. This procedure images the contribution of the recorded first-order internal multiples, and it is almost free of the single-scattering recorded energy. The cost includes one additional crosscorrelation over the conventional single-scattering imaging application. We generalized this method to image internal multiples of any order separately. The resulting images can be added to the conventional single-scattering image, obtained, e.g., from Kirchhoff or reverse-time migration, to enhance the image. Application to synthetic data with reflectors illuminated by multiple scattering (double scattering) demonstrated the effectiveness of the approach.

  2. European project for developing general guidelines for harmonising internal dose assessment procedures (IDEAS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrasi, A.; Bailey, M.; Puncher, M.; Berkovski, V.; Eric Blanchardon, E.; Jourdain, J.-R.; Carlo-Maria Castellani, C.-M.; Doerfel, H.; Christian Hurtgen, Ch.; Le Guen, B.

    2003-01-01

    Several international intercomparison exercises on intake and internal dose assessments from monitoring data led to the conclusion that the results calculated by different participants varied significantly mainly because of the wide variety of methods and assumptions applied in the assessment procedure. Based on these experiences the need for harmonisation of the procedures has been formulated as an EU research project under the 5 th Framework Programme (2001-2005), with the aim of developing general guidelines for standardising assessments of intakes and internal doses. In the IDEAS project eight institutions from seven European countries are participating using inputs also from internal dosimetry professionals from across Europe to ensure broad consensus in the outcome of the project. The IDEAS project is explained

  3. Generalized internal multiple imaging

    KAUST Repository

    Zuberi, Mohammad Akbar Hosain

    2014-12-04

    Various examples are provided for generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI). In one example, among others, a method includes generating a higher order internal multiple image using a background Green\\'s function and rendering the higher order internal multiple image for presentation. In another example, a system includes a computing device and a generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) application executable in the computing device. The GIMI application includes logic that generates a higher order internal multiple image using a background Green\\'s function and logic that renders the higher order internal multiple image for display on a display device. In another example, a non-transitory computer readable medium has a program executable by processing circuitry that generates a higher order internal multiple image using a background Green\\'s function and renders the higher order internal multiple image for display on a display device.

  4. Generalized internal multiple imaging

    KAUST Repository

    Zuberi, Mohammad Akbar Hosain; Alkhalifah, Tariq

    2014-01-01

    Various examples are provided for generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI). In one example, among others, a method includes generating a higher order internal multiple image using a background Green's function and rendering the higher order internal multiple image for presentation. In another example, a system includes a computing device and a generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) application executable in the computing device. The GIMI application includes logic that generates a higher order internal multiple image using a background Green's function and logic that renders the higher order internal multiple image for display on a display device. In another example, a non-transitory computer readable medium has a program executable by processing circuitry that generates a higher order internal multiple image using a background Green's function and renders the higher order internal multiple image for display on a display device.

  5. NATO International Conference on Applied General Systems Research : Recent Developments and Trends

    CERN Document Server

    1978-01-01

    This volume consists of a selection of papers presented at the International Conference on Applied General Systems Research: Recent Developments and Trends which was held on the campus of the State University of New York at Binghamton in August 15-19, 1977, under the sponsorship of the Special Panel on Systems Science of the NATO Scientific Affairs Division. General systems research is a fairly new field which has been developing in the course of the last two or three decades. In my op~n10n, it can be best described as a movement which involves the study of all structural and context independent aspects of problem solving. As such, it is cross-disciplinary in nature and, in this sense, it might seem similar to mathematics. There is a consid­ erable difference, however, between the two. While pure mathe­ matics is basically oriented to the development of various axiomatic theories, regardless of whether or not they have any real world meaning, applied mathematics explores the applicability of some of these t...

  6. Generalized internal multiple imaging

    KAUST Repository

    Zuberi, M. A. H.; Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali

    2014-01-01

    Internal multiples deteriorate the image when the imaging procedure assumes only single scattering, especially if the velocity model does not have sharp contrasts to reproduce such scattering in the Green’s function through forward modeling

  7. Internationally Adopted Children from Non-European Countries: General Development during the First Two Years in the Adoptive Family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Dalen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Internationally adopted children are often delayed in their development and demonstrate more behaviour problems than nonadopted children due to adverse preadoption circumstances. This is especially true for children adopted from Eastern European countries. Few studies have focused on children adopted from non-European countries. This paper presents results from an ongoing longitudinal study of 119 internationally adopted children from non-European countries during their first two years in Norway. Several scales measuring different aspects of the children’s development are included in the study: communication and gross motor development, temperamental characteristics, and behaviour problems. The results show that internationally adopted children are delayed in their general development when they first arrive in their adoptive families. After two years the children have made significant progress in development. However, they still lag behind in communication and motor skills compared to non-adopted children. The temperamental characteristics seem very stable from time of adoption until two years after adoption. The children demonstrate a low frequency of behaviour problems. However, the behaviour problems have changed during the two years. At time of adoption they show more nonphysically challenging behaviour while after two years their physically challenging behaviour has increased.

  8. Internationally adopted children from non-European countries: general development during the first two years in the adoptive family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalen, Monica; Theie, Steinar

    2012-01-01

    Internationally adopted children are often delayed in their development and demonstrate more behaviour problems than nonadopted children due to adverse preadoption circumstances. This is especially true for children adopted from Eastern European countries. Few studies have focused on children adopted from non-European countries. This paper presents results from an ongoing longitudinal study of 119 internationally adopted children from non-European countries during their first two years in Norway. Several scales measuring different aspects of the children's development are included in the study: communication and gross motor development, temperamental characteristics, and behaviour problems. The results show that internationally adopted children are delayed in their general development when they first arrive in their adoptive families. After two years the children have made significant progress in development. However, they still lag behind in communication and motor skills compared to non-adopted children. The temperamental characteristics seem very stable from time of adoption until two years after adoption. The children demonstrate a low frequency of behaviour problems. However, the behaviour problems have changed during the two years. At time of adoption they show more nonphysically challenging behaviour while after two years their physically challenging behaviour has increased.

  9. International developments in revenues and incomes of general practitioners from 2000 to 2010.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroneman, M.; Meeus, P.; Kringos, D.S.; Groot, W.; Zee, J. van der

    2013-01-01

    Background: The remuneration system of General Practitioners (GPs) has changed in several countries in the past decade. The aim of our study was: to establish the effect of these changes on the revenues and income of GPs in the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: Annual GP revenue and

  10. International developments in revenues and incomes of general practitioners from 2000 to 2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroneman, Madelon; Meeus, Pascal; Kringos, Dionne Sofia; Groot, Wim; van der Zee, Jouke

    2013-01-01

    The remuneration system of General Practitioners (GPs) has changed in several countries in the past decade. The aim of our study was: to establish the effect of these changes on the revenues and income of GPs in the first decade of the 21st century. Annual GP revenue and practice costs were

  11. International developments in revenues and incomes of general practitioners from 2000 to 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Kroneman, Madelon; Meeus, Pascal; Kringos, Dionne Sofia; Groot, Wim; van der Zee, Jouke

    2013-01-01

    Background: The remuneration system of General Practitioners (GPs) has changed in several countries in the past decade. The aim of our study was: to establish the effect of these changes on the revenues and income of GPs in the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: Annual GP revenue and practice costs were collected from national institutes in the eight countries included in our study (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, The United Kingdom (UK)) from 2000...

  12. International developments in revenues and incomes of general practitioners from 2000 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroneman, Madelon; Meeus, Pascal; Kringos, Dionne Sofia; Groot, Wim; van der Zee, Jouke

    2013-10-24

    The remuneration system of General Practitioners (GPs) has changed in several countries in the past decade. The aim of our study was: to establish the effect of these changes on the revenues and income of GPs in the first decade of the 21st century. Annual GP revenue and practice costs were collected from national institutes in the eight countries included in our study (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, The United Kingdom (UK)) from 2000-2010. The data were corrected for inflation and purchasing power. Data on the remuneration systems and changes herein were collected from the European Observatory Health Systems Reviews and country experts. Comprehensive changes in the remuneration system of GPs were associated with considerable changes in GP income. Incremental changes mainly coincided with a gradual increase in income after correction for inflation. Average GP income was higher in countries with a strong primary care structure. The gap between the countries where GPs have a lower income (Belgium, Sweden, France and Finland) and the countries where GPs have a higher income (Netherlands, Germany and the UK) continues to exist over time and appeared to be related to dimensions of primary care, such as governance and access. New payment forms, such as integrated care payment systems, and new health care professionals that are working for GPs, increasingly blur the line between practice costs and income, making it more and more important to clearly define expenditures on GPs, to remain sight on the actual income of GPs.

  13. Philanthropic endowments in general internal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murden, R A; Lamb, J F

    1999-04-01

    We performed two surveys to uncover the status of philanthropic endowments in general internal medicine divisions. The initial survey of U.S. medical school departments of medicine found that only 14.1% of general internal medicine divisions hold endowments versus 21.9% of all other divisions, and that endowment sources for general medicine are atypical. The second survey of successfully endowed divisions found that sympathetic administrators and active pursuit of endowments were associated with endowment success. Aggressive pursuit of endowments, publicizing successes of general medicine, and consideration of endowment sources noted in this study are recommended to improve philanthropic contributions to general internal medicine.

  14. Mainstreaming Investment Treaty Jurisprudence: The Contribution of Investment Treaty Tribunals to the Consolidation and Development of General International Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schill, S.W.B.; Tvede, K.R.

    2015-01-01

    The use of internal and external precedent has been studied in relation to numerous international courts and tribunals. The participation of investment treaty tribunals in judicial dialogues or judicial cross-fertilization, by contrast, has remained underexplored. The present article closes this gap

  15. The international development challenge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1998-01-01

    Markets are opening up to international competition and new opportunities will arise for companies. The first part of this international round table of the French gas association's annual conference was devoted to whether they have all necessary assets, especially in terms of know-how and new technologies. In the second part of this round table, gas industry leaders presented their ambitions and strategies on the international scene. The questions discussed related to the main areas of development from both business and geographic viewpoints; to the underlying factors such as expertise, technological know-how, market risks and potential, strategic alliances. (authors)

  16. International thermal reactor development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zebroski, E.L.

    1977-01-01

    The worldwide development of nuclear power plants is reviewed. Charts are presented which show the commitment to light-water reactor capacity construction with breakdown by region and country. Additional charts show the major nuclear research centers which have substantial scope in light water reactor development and extensive international activities

  17. Developing International Personas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Iben; Hautopp, Heidi; Nielsen, Lene

    2017-01-01

    Personas have become a popular method in new product development. Personas have traditionally, and are still, primarily created to represent users from a single national culture at a time during the design process. This, however, is unsatisfactory for companies operating on a global market...... as they show an increasing interest in international personas. However, research on personas in a global context is limited. To address this gap, this paper provides an overview of extant research on international personas. Secondly, it presents an empirical study on challenges Danish IT companies experience...... when using the persona method to collect and present insights about their international users. A key finding in both the literature review and the empirical study was the ambiguity concerning the concept of culture. Therefore, the paper draws on theories about culture, and especially practice theory...

  18. The Development of Customary International Law by International Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Odermatt, Jed

    2017-01-01

    In his Fourth Report on the Identification of Customary International Law (2016), Special Rapporteur Michael Wood confirmed that ‘[i]n certain cases, the practice of international organizations also contributes to the expression, or creation, of rules of customary international law.......’ That the practice of international organizations can be relevant when identifying customary international law is relatively uncontroversial. The practice of states within international organizations such as the UN General Assembly, for example, may contribute to the development of custom. Yet, there is little...... discussion about whether and how the practice of international organizations as such may contribute to the development of customary international law. This contribution discusses the organization that is the most capable of contributing to the development of customary international law in its own right...

  19. International breeder reactor development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traube, K.

    1976-01-01

    For more than a decade, sodium cooled breeder reactors have now been in the focus of advanced nuclear power development in the major industrialized countries. In the sixties, a total of seven small experimental nuclear power stations were commissioned. Two of these have been shut down in the meantime, the others continue to work satisfactorily, their main purpose being the development of fuel elements. The years 1972-1974 saw the commissioning of the prototype power stations in the 300 MWe power category in France, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. Presently, other experimental reactors are under construction in the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Japan, the United States, plus another Soviet 600 MWe prototype reactor and the SNR 300 DeBeNeLux prototype at Kalkar. A comparison of the technological features either implemented or planned in the prototype and experimental power plants and of their fuel elements reveals a remarkable similarity in the basic concepts pursued in different countries. The two types of breeder reactors, viz. the loop and the pool types, show a closer resemblance to each other than do pressurized and boilling water reactors. The growing awareness of administrative problems emerging in the approaching phase of the introduction of large breeder power stations in a number of European countries has recently led to a streamlining effort in the structure of industries and to tentative steps towards international cooperation on a broad basis. (orig.) [de

  20. TRAC development at General Electric

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andersen, J.G.M.; Shaug, J.C.; Shiralkar, B.S.

    1987-01-01

    TRAC is a computer code for transient analysis of light water reactors. The BWR version of TRAC has been developed as a result of a close cooperation between General Electric Company and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Up through 1985 the development work at General Electric was jointly funded by General Electric, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Electric Power Research Institute under the Refill-Reflood and FIST programs. At INEL (which has the main responsibility for the NRC version of TRAC-BWR) this work has led to the development of TRACBD1 and TRACBF1, while at GE, TRACB04 was the final product of the Refill-Reflood and FIST programs. TRAC development has continued at General Electric after the completion of these programs with the evolution of the TRACG code. The purpose of the paper is to describe this work. The TRAC development at General Electric can be divided into two main categories: extended benchmark capability and improved user convenience

  1. 6th International Conference on General Inequalities

    CERN Document Server

    1992-01-01

    The sixthInternational Conference on General Inequalities was held from Dec. 9 to Dec. 15, 1990, at the Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach (Black Fa­ rest, Germany). The organizing committee was composed of W.N. Everitt (Birm­ ingham), L. Losonczi (Debrecen) and W. Walter (Karlsruhe). Dr. A. Kovacec ( Coimbra) served cheerfully and efficiently as secretary of the meeting. The con­ ference was attended by 44 participants from 20 countries. Yet again the importance of inequalities in both pure and applied mathematics was made evident from the wide range of interests of the individual participants, and from the wealth of new results announced. New inequalities were presented in the usual spread of the subject areas now expected for these meetings: Classical and functional analysis, existence and boundary value problems for both ordinary and partial differential equations, with special contributions to computer science, quantum holography and error analysis. More strongly than ever, the role played ...

  2. Developments in international bioenergy trade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Junginger, Martin; Faaij, Andre; Wit, Marc de; Bolkesjoe, Torjus; Bradley, Douglas; Dolzan, Paulo; Piacente, Erik; Walter, Arnaldo da Silva; Heinimoe, Jussi; Hektor, Bo; Leistad, Oeyvind; Ling, Erik; Perry, Miles; Rosillo-Calle, Frank; Ryckmans, Yves; Schouwenberg, Peter-Paul; Solberg, Birger; Troemborg, Erik

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present a synthesis of the main developments and drivers of international bioenergy trade in IEA Bioenergy Task 40 member countries, based on various country reports written by Task 40 members. Special attention is given to pellet and ethanol trade. In many European countries such as Belgium, Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK, imported biomass contributes already significantly (between 21% and 43%) to total biomass use. Wood pellets are currently exported by Canada, Finland and (to a small extent) Brazil and Norway, and imported by Sweden, Belgium, the Netherlands, and the UK. In the Netherlands and Belgium, pellet imports nowadays contribute to a major share to total renewable electricity production. Trade in bio-ethanol is another example of a rapidly growing international market. With the EU-wide target of 5.75% biofuels for transportation in 2010 (and 10% in 2020), exports from Brazil and other countries to Europe are likely to rise as well. Major drivers for international bioenergy trade in general are the large resource potentials and relatively low production costs in producing countries such as Canada and Brazil, and high fossil fuel prices and various policy incentives to stimulate biomass use in importing countries. However, the logistic infrastructure both in exporting and importing countries needs to be developed to access larger physical biomass volumes and to reach other (i.e. smaller) end-consumers. It is concluded that international bioenergy trade is growing rapidly, far beyond what was deemed possible only a few years ago, and may in the future in some Task 40 countries surpass domestic biomass use, especially for specific applications (e.g. transport fuels). (author)

  3. Developing international personas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Iben; Hautopp, Heidi; Nielsen, Lene

    2017-01-01

    , to discuss how challenges related to perceptions of culture and intercultural communication might be overcome when working with international personas. In particular, it is suggested that the persona method could benefit from creating narratives that focus more on the similar practices enacted...

  4. International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... development. Learn moreArtificial intelligence and human development ... New initiative will match climate knowledge to developing country needs. Aminata Camara ... Shadow Libraries: Access to Knowledge in Global Higher Education.

  5. [Diagnosis and treatment in general internal medicine. Curriculum selection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casal, E R; Vázquez, E N; Husni, C

    1994-01-01

    In our country general internists are the providers of adult medical care in urban areas. In the past twenty years, with the increasing subspecialization within internal medicine and the development of advances in technology, the role of the general internist seems to be endangered. Recently much attention has been focused on this area and Divisions and Programs of General Internal Medicine have been established in most medical schools in the USA. The University of Buenos Aires instituted a Program of General Internal Medicine in its major teaching hospital in 1987. One of its purposes was to offer an educational experience to residents in the field of internal medicine primary care. This paper summarizes how this program was carried out and the subjects proposed in the area of Diagnosis and Treatment. The Program of General Internal Medicine is performed in the Outpatient Division and it is staffed by 3 faculty members and 4 fellows. Residents in Internal Medicine have a three month, full-time block rotation in the Program. A young, city dwelling, lower middle class population participates in the Program, with almost 10000 visits a year. The Program offers an experience that includes supervised patient care, an average of 100 office visits a month, and seminars and/or workshops covering topics of "Diagnosis and Treatment", "Case Presentations", "Clinical Epidemiology", "Prevention", and "Doctor-Patient Interview". In the area of Diagnosis and Treatment, the criteria used were: 1-frequency of diagnosis as determined by previous investigations, 2-relevant clinical conditions absent from the frequency list as determined by a consensus process by faculty members.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  6. International Competition and Inequality: A Generalized Ricardian Model

    OpenAIRE

    Adolfo Figueroa

    2014-01-01

    Why does the gap in real wage rates persist between the First World and the Third World after so many years of increasing globalization? The standard neoclassical trade model predicts that real wage rates will be equalized with international trade, whereas the standard Ricardian trade model does not. Facts are thus consistent with the Ricardian model. However, this model leaves undetermined income distribution. The objective of this paper is to fill this gap by developing a generalized Ricard...

  7. 49 CFR 192.475 - Internal corrosion control: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Internal corrosion control: General. 192.475... Control § 192.475 Internal corrosion control: General. (a) Corrosive gas may not be transported by... taken to minimize internal corrosion. (b) Whenever any pipe is removed from a pipeline for any reason...

  8. International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ann Gregory

    further development of scientific agriculture and technology. Already, however ..... sent, starting in the north, to Galilee and the regions adjoining, Lebanon and Syria, and working my ... the water, grow crops, and flocks of sheep and goats.” He says ... I served in 30 or 40 different countries throughout Asia and Africa, South.

  9. Search Results | Page 52 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 511 - 520 of 658 ... ... NETWORKS filter · Economic and social development 30 Apply ... The debate over intellectual property policies and their effects is highly contested. ... It is generally acknowledged that mass media (specifically radio) play an ... by Wellcome Trust, the Department for International Development ...

  10. Director, Communications | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Job Summary Conceives, plans and implements a communications strategy to ensure ... understanding of the importance of international development assistance. ... other committees (Human Resources Management Committee, the Centre's ...

  11. International regularity development partnership (IRDP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melani, Ai; Chang, Soon Heung [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    Nuclear Energy enters a renaissance era. Several countries consider nuclear as one of their energy resources. For example at the present Vietnam just sign an agreement with Russia for their first nuclear power plants, Malaysia expected that the first nuclear power plant will be operated and commercially available in around the year of 2021. Thailand, Singapore and Indonesia also consider having nuclear power plant in the time frame around 2025. Each country recently tries to prepare their regulatory infrastructure for their first nuclear power plant. The problems are each country doesn't have enough human resource and experience in preparing the nuclear power plant regulations infrastructure. The remains regulations resource is from IAEA which are too general to implement and USNRC which are too detail and difficult to implement for the lack of human resources. Therefore this International Regulatory Development Partnership (IRDP) could be the solutions for the demand of regulatory infrastructure preparations for those countries who's want to emerging nuclear power plant in their country

  12. International Marketing Developing Publishing Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenijus Chlivickas

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Lithuanian integration in the financial Eurozone and Lithuanian publishing business development in the European Union and outside it, becomes an important problem requiring a solution. Promoting the dissemination of printed books and literacy in Lithuania and beyond, to properly introduce the achievements of Lithuania in foreign countries, it is important to ensure Lithuanian letter, educational and scientific book publishing development. The article examines the characteristics of the international marketing publishing, the world and Lithuanian state publishing houses on the basis of foreign and Lithuanian scientists theoretical insights about the instruments of international marketing opportunities, developing proposals for publishing business integration of new economic conditions.

  13. Development | Page 24 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Two years ago, the International Development Research Centre created CIME, a development communication program that reflects the interrelations between Communication at the grassroots level, the exchange of Information, two-way Media, and nonformal Education. This book presents the conceptual framework that led ...

  14. Mapping selected general literature of international nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shams, Marie-Lise Antoun; Dixon, Lana S

    2007-01-01

    This study, part of a wider project to map the literature of nursing, identifies core journals cited in non-US nursing journals and determines the extent of their coverage by indexing services. Four general English-language journals were analyzed for format types and publication dates. Core titles were identified and nine bibliographic databases were scanned for indexing coverage. Findings show that 57.5% (13,391/23,271) of the cited references from the 4 core journals were to journal articles, 27.8% (6,471/23,271) to books, 9.5% (2,208/23,271) to government documents, 4.9% (1,131/23,271) to miscellaneous sources, and less than 1% (70/23,271) to Internet resources. Eleven journals produced one-third of the citations; the next third included 146 journals, followed by a dispersion of 1,622 titles. PubMed received the best database coverage scores, followed by CINAHL and Science Citation Index. None of the databases provided complete coverage of all 11 core titles. The four source journals contain a diverse group of cited references. The currency of citations to government documents makes these journals a good source for regulatory and legislative awareness. Nurses consult nursing and biomedical journals and must search both nursing and biomedical databases to cover the literature.

  15. Trends in international health development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Lars

    2002-01-01

    "... Good population health is a crucial input into poverty reduction, economic growth and long-term economic development... This point is widely recognised by analysts and policy makers, but is greatly underestimated in its qualitative and quantitative significance, and in the investment allocations of many developing country and donor governments."--Commission on Macroeconomics and Health The international health development scene has changed rapidly during the past 5 years. From being a merely bilateral effort together with a few multilateral organisations and many NGOs new global partnerships have entered the scene and become major funding agencies. The provision of aid has also changed from small-scale project basis to financial support of large programmes. The purpose of this article is to describe some of the major transformations taken place in the organising, delivery and objective of international health development. But before presenting the new international health development agenda, a short introduction to the challenges inducing the need for renewed thinking about international aid is shortly presented.

  16. 7th International Conference on General Inequalities

    CERN Document Server

    Everitt, William; Losonczi, Laszlo; Walter, Wolfgang

    1997-01-01

    Inequalities continue to play an essential role in mathematics. The subject is per­ haps the last field that is comprehended and used by mathematicians working in all the areas of the discipline of mathematics. Since the seminal work Inequalities (1934) of Hardy, Littlewood and P6lya mathematicians have laboured to extend and sharpen the earlier classical inequalities. New inequalities are discovered ev­ ery year, some for their intrinsic interest whilst others flow from results obtained in various branches of mathematics. So extensive are these developments that a new mathematical periodical devoted exclusively to inequalities will soon appear; this is the Journal of Inequalities and Applications, to be edited by R. P. Agar­ wal. Nowadays it is difficult to follow all these developments and because of lack of communication between different groups of specialists many results are often rediscovered several times. Surveys of the present state of the art are therefore in­ dispensable not only to mathematici...

  17. IDRC - International Development Research Centre |

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Learn moreArtificial intelligence and human development ... Our experts share insights on the issues and approaches challenging the international ... Shadow Libraries: Access to Knowledge in Global Higher Education · Book cover: ... Social Theories of Urban Violence in the Global South: Towards Safe and Inclusive Cities.

  18. Open development networked innovations in international development

    CERN Document Server

    Reilly, Katherine M A

    2014-01-01

    The emergence of open networked models made possible by digital technology has the potential to transform international development. Open network structures allow people to come together to share information, organize, and collaborate. Open development harnesses this power, to create new organizational forms and improve people's lives; it is not only an agenda for research and practice but also a statement about how to approach international development. In this volume, experts explore a variety of applications of openness, addressing challenges as well as opportunities. Open development requires new theoretical tools that focus on real world problems, consider a variety of solutions, and recognize the complexity of local contexts. After exploring the new theoretical terrain, the book describes a range of cases in which open models address such specific development issues as biotechnology research, improving education, and access to scholarly publications. Contributors then examine tensions between open model...

  19. The Evolution of General Internal Medicine (GIM)in Canada: International Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Card, Sharon E; Clark, Heather D; Elizov, Michelle; Kassam, Narmin

    2017-05-01

    General internal medicine (GIM), like other generalist specialties, has struggled to maintain its identity in the face of mounting sub-specialization over the past few decades. In Canada, the path to licensure for general internists has been through the completion of an extra year of training after three core years of internal medicine. Until very recently, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) did not recognize GIM as a distinct entity. In response to a societal need to train generalist practitioners who could care for complex patients in an increasingly complex health care setting, the majority of universities across Canada voluntarily developed structured GIM training programs independent of RCPSC recognition. However, interest amongst trainees in GIM was declining, and the GIM workforce in Canada, like that in many other countries, was in danger of serious shortfalls. After much deliberation and consultation, in 2010, the RCPSC recognized GIM as a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine. Since this time, despite the challenges in the educational implementation of GIM as a distinct discipline, there has been a resurgence of interest in this field of medicine. This paper outlines the journey of the Canadian GIM to educational implementation as a distinct discipline, the impact on the discipline, and the implications for the international GIM community.

  20. Five Generalizations About Cognitive Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegler, Robert S.

    1983-01-01

    Proposes five generalizations on existing knowledge, learning, and their interaction, and discusses evidence for these from recent research on children's learning, memory, conceptual understanding, and problem solving. (Author/AOS)

  1. International Developments of Food Irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loaharanu, P. [Head, Food Preservation Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Wagramerstr. 5, A-1400, Vienna (Austria)

    1997-12-31

    Food irradiation is increasingly accepted and applied in many countries in the past decade. Through its use, food losses and food-borne diseases can be reduced significantly, and wider trade in many food items can be facilitated. The past five decades have witnessed a positive evolution on food irradiation according to the following: 1940`s: discovery of principles of food irradiation; 1950`s: initiation of research in advanced countries; 1960`s: research and development were intensified in some advanced and developing countries; 1970`s: proof of wholesomeness of irradiated foods; 1980`s: establishment of national regulations; 1990`s: commercialization and international trade. (Author)

  2. International Developments of Food Irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loaharanu, P [Head, Food Preservation Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Wagramerstr. 5, A-1400, Vienna (Austria)

    1998-12-31

    Food irradiation is increasingly accepted and applied in many countries in the past decade. Through its use, food losses and food-borne diseases can be reduced significantly, and wider trade in many food items can be facilitated. The past five decades have witnessed a positive evolution on food irradiation according to the following: 1940`s: discovery of principles of food irradiation; 1950`s: initiation of research in advanced countries; 1960`s: research and development were intensified in some advanced and developing countries; 1970`s: proof of wholesomeness of irradiated foods; 1980`s: establishment of national regulations; 1990`s: commercialization and international trade. (Author)

  3. International Developments of Food Irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loaharanu, P.

    1997-01-01

    Food irradiation is increasingly accepted and applied in many countries in the past decade. Through its use, food losses and food-borne diseases can be reduced significantly, and wider trade in many food items can be facilitated. The past five decades have witnessed a positive evolution on food irradiation according to the following: 1940's: discovery of principles of food irradiation; 1950's: initiation of research in advanced countries; 1960's: research and development were intensified in some advanced and developing countries; 1970's: proof of wholesomeness of irradiated foods; 1980's: establishment of national regulations; 1990's: commercialization and international trade. (Author)

  4. General medicine vs subspecialty career plans among internal medicine residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Colin P; Dupras, Denise M

    2012-12-05

    Current medical training models in the United States are unlikely to produce sufficient numbers of general internists and primary care physicians. Differences in general internal medicine (GIM) career plans between internal medicine residency program types and across resident demographics are not well understood. To evaluate the general medicine career plans of internal medicine residents and how career plans evolve during training. A study of US internal medicine residents using an annual survey linked to the Internal Medicine In-Training Examination taken in October of 2009-2011 to evaluate career plans by training program, sex, and medical school location. Of 67,207 US eligible categorical and primary care internal medicine residents, 57,087 (84.9%) completed and returned the survey. Demographic data provided by the National Board of Medical Examiners were available for 52,035 (77.4%) of these residents, of whom 51,390 (76.5%) responded to all survey items and an additional 645 (1.0%) responded to at least 1 survey item. Data were analyzed from the 16,781 third-year residents (32.2%) in this sample. Self-reported ultimate career plans of internal medicine residents. A GIM career plan was reported by 3605 graduating residents (21.5%). A total of 562 primary care program (39.6%) and 3043 categorical (19.9%) residents reported GIM as their ultimate career plan (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.76; 99% CI, 2.35-3.23; P international medical graduates (22.0% vs 21.1%, respectively; AOR, 1.76; 99% CI, 1.50-2.06; P international medical graduates (57.3% vs 27.3%, respectively; AOR, 3.48; 99% CI, 2.58-4.70; P internal medicine residents, including those in primary care training programs, and differed according to resident sex, medical school location, and program type.

  5. Development of coal international trade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-11-01

    Most of the coal produced today is still for domestic consumption but international trade will grow in the future. This development requires investments and time for the realization of terminals, means of transport and preparation. Problems of land and sea transport and their influence on cost are examined. Environmental problems are briefly evolved. Charges, ship size, capacity are given for 1983/84 and estimated for 1987/90 in tables for main exporting countries (Australia, Canada, South Africa, USA and South America) and for importing European countries.

  6. Academic general internal medicine: a mission for the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Katrina; Keating, Nancy L; Landry, Michael; Crotty, Bradley H; Phillips, Russell S; Selker, Harry P

    2013-06-01

    After five decades of growth that has included advances in medical education and health care delivery, value cohesion, and integration of diversity, we propose an overarching mission for academic general internal medicine to lead excellence, change, and innovation in clinical care, education, and research. General internal medicine aims to achieve health care delivery that is comprehensive, technologically advanced and individualized; instills trust within a culture of respect; is efficient in the use of time, people, and resources; is organized and financed to achieve optimal health outcomes; maximizes equity; and continually learns and adapts. This mission of health care transformation has implications for the clinical, educational, and research activities of divisions of general internal medicine over the next several decades.

  7. General Purpose Technologies and their Implications for International Trade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petsas Iordanis

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a simple model of trade and “quality-ladders” growth without scale effects to study the implications of general purpose technologies (GPTs for international trade. GPTs refer to a certain type of drastic innovations, such as electrification, the transistor, and the Internet, that are characterized by the pervasiveness in use, innovational complementarities, and technological dynamism. The model presents a two-country (Home and Foreign dynamic general equilibrium framework and incorporates GPT diffusion within Home that exhibits endogenous Schumpeterian growth. The model analyzes the long-run and transitional dynamic effects of a new GPT on the pattern of trade and relative wages. The main findings of the paper are: 1 when the GPT diffusion across industries is governed by S-curve dynamics, there are two steady-state equilibria: the initial steadystate arises before the adoption of the new GPT and the final one is reached after the GPT diffusion process has been completed, 2 when all industries at Home have adopted the new GPT, Home enjoys comparative advantage in a greater range of industries compared to Foreign, 3 during the transitional dynamics, Foreign gains back its competitiveness in some of the industries that lost its comparative advantage to Home.

  8. Status of international HTGR development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Homan, F.J.; Simon, W.A.

    1988-01-01

    Programs for the development of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) technology over the past 30 years in eight countries are briefly described. These programs have included both government sector and industrial sector participation. The programs have produced four electricity-producing prototype/demonstration reactors, two in the United States, and two in the Federal Republic of Germany. Key design parameters for these ractors are compared with the design parameters planned for follow-on commercial-scale HTGRs. The development of HTGR technology has been enhanced by numerous cooperative agreements over the years, involving both government-sponsored national laboratories and industrial participants. Current bilateral cooperative agreements are described. A relatively new component in the HTGR international cooperation is that of multinational industrial alliances focused on supplying commercial-scale HTGR power plants. Current industrial cooperative agreements are briefly discussed

  9. Currency Hedging for International Stock Portfolios : A General Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Roon, F.A.; Nijman, T.E.; Werker, B.J.M.

    1999-01-01

    This paper tests whether hedging currency risk improves the performance of international stock portfolios. We use a generalized performance measure which allows for investor-dependencies such as different utility functions and the presence of nontraded risks. In addition we show that an auxiliary

  10. GENERAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITY IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Loredana LĂPĂDUŞI

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The strategy of penetrating and developing the external markets is an important objective of the international enterprises management. This involves a specific analysis of the business environment for illustrating the opportunities of business and risks and the business potential of a particular enterprise in order to establish the internalisation objectives and types. The international management is individualised by the environment where the enterprises develop their economical activity, supposing that the world market of international business involves the access to new markets and the enterprises must adapt to the specific needs and opportunities.

  11. Generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) using Feynman-like diagrams

    KAUST Repository

    Zuberi, M. A. H.

    2014-05-19

    Single scattering events recorded in surface seismic data do not fully illuminate the subsurface structure, especially if it is complicated. In such cases, multiple internal scatterings (internal multiples) can help improve the illumination. We devise a generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) procedure that maps internal multiple energy to their true location with a relatively mild addition to the computational cost. GIMI theory relies heavily on seismic interferometry, which often involves cumbersome algebra, especially when one is dealing with high-order terms in the perturbation series. To make the derivations, and inference of the results easier, we introduce Feynman-like diagrams to represent different terms of the perturbation series (solution to the Lippman–Schwinger equation). The rules we define for the diagrams allow operations like convolution and cross-correlation in the series to be compressed in diagram form. The application of the theory to a double scattering example demonstrates the power of the method.

  12. Generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) using Feynman-like diagrams

    KAUST Repository

    Zuberi, M. A. H.; Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali

    2014-01-01

    Single scattering events recorded in surface seismic data do not fully illuminate the subsurface structure, especially if it is complicated. In such cases, multiple internal scatterings (internal multiples) can help improve the illumination. We devise a generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) procedure that maps internal multiple energy to their true location with a relatively mild addition to the computational cost. GIMI theory relies heavily on seismic interferometry, which often involves cumbersome algebra, especially when one is dealing with high-order terms in the perturbation series. To make the derivations, and inference of the results easier, we introduce Feynman-like diagrams to represent different terms of the perturbation series (solution to the Lippman–Schwinger equation). The rules we define for the diagrams allow operations like convolution and cross-correlation in the series to be compressed in diagram form. The application of the theory to a double scattering example demonstrates the power of the method.

  13. Canada Research Chairs | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    aspx. International Research Chairs Initiative. The International Research Chairs Initiative pairs top research talent from universities in Canada with their counterparts in developing countries to address key development challenges. View more

  14. International Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boermans, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    International entrepreneurship is an important vehicle for firms to reap benefits from their high productivity levels and from economies of scale by reaching new customers. International enterprises tend to be larger and more innovative, but a key question of causality remains disputed in the

  15. International development workshops. Final technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) began to act on their recognition of the importance of education in nuclear literacy, specifically in radioactive waste management (RWM), several years ago. To address this Goal for nuclear literacy, the US DOE; through the Information and Education Division of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and in cooperation with the OECD/NEA, organized an ''International Workshop on Education in the Field of Radioactive Waste Management'' in Engelberg, Switzerland in June of 1991. To this end, a grant to support nuclear literacy and RWM was written and funded by the OCRWM and the education division of the DOE Yucca Mountain Office in 1990. The over-riding Goal of that workshop and the DOE grant was to find ways of raising the level of nuclear literacy in the general public through educational programs in radioactive waste management (RWM). The two Main Objectives of the workshop were: first, to contribute to an information base for education systems, on global aspects of radioactive waste management; and second, to achieve international consensus on the basic tools and methods required to develop the information base. These two objectives also became the principal objectives of the DOE International Workshops grant. In other words, the global and local (Nevada) objectives were one and the same. Workshop overviews and accomplishments are summarized in this report

  16. International development workshops. Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-06

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development/Nuclear Energy Agency (OECD/NEA) began to act on their recognition of the importance of education in nuclear literacy, specifically in radioactive waste management (RWM), several years ago. To address this Goal for nuclear literacy, the US DOE; through the Information and Education Division of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and in cooperation with the OECD/NEA, organized an ``International Workshop on Education in the Field of Radioactive Waste Management`` in Engelberg, Switzerland in June of 1991. To this end, a grant to support nuclear literacy and RWM was written and funded by the OCRWM and the education division of the DOE Yucca Mountain Office in 1990. The over-riding Goal of that workshop and the DOE grant was to find ways of raising the level of nuclear literacy in the general public through educational programs in radioactive waste management (RWM). The two Main Objectives of the workshop were: first, to contribute to an information base for education systems, on global aspects of radioactive waste management; and second, to achieve international consensus on the basic tools and methods required to develop the information base. These two objectives also became the principal objectives of the DOE International Workshops grant. In other words, the global and local (Nevada) objectives were one and the same. Workshop overviews and accomplishments are summarized in this report.

  17. Development of international transport in transboundary regions

    OpenAIRE

    Прокудін, Георгій; Чупайленко, Олексій

    2015-01-01

    Formation of an international cross-border transport and logistics infrastructure meets international standards, increased productivity, transport and innovation activity of enterprises in the cluster, and provide for accelerated socio - economic development of the regions.

  18. Search Results | Page 786 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7851 - 7860 of 9602 ... An international forum for Francophone youth was held in Dakar, ... and the FIPRESCI Prize (International Federation of Film Critics) at the ... and influencing the entire five-year policy development process, from ...

  19. African Journal of International Affairs and Development

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of International Affairs and Development. ... Foreign Policy and Public Opinion: An Assessment of Ijebu Involvement in the Kiriji War ... Book Review: Critical Perspective's on Nigeria's International Economic Relations · EMAIL ...

  20. International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Homepage Image. The International Journal of Agricultureand Rural Development (IJARD) is an International Journal designed to provide ... Forestry and Wildlife resources, Soil Science, Agricultural Engineering and Food Processing.

  1. 6th International Conference on the History of General Relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Eisenstaedt, Jean; The Universe of General Relativity; GR 6

    2005-01-01

    This volume from the Einstein Studies Series is based largely on papers presented at the Sixth International Conference on the History of General Relativity, held in Amsterdam on June 26-29, 2002. These contributions from notable experts offer both new and historical insights on gravitation, general relativity, cosmology, unified field theory, and the history of science. Topics discussed include the prehistory of special relativity, early attempts at a relativistic theory of gravitation, the beginnings of general relativity, the problem of motion in the context of relativity, conservation laws, the axiomatization of relativity, classical and contemporary cosmology, gravitation and electromagnetism, quantum gravity, and relativity as seen through the eyes of the public and renowned relativists. Contributors: K. Brading; G. Gale; H.F.M. Goenner; J. Goldberg; S. Katzir; D. Kennefick; H. Kragh; C. Lehner; U. Majer; J. Mattingly; E.T. Newman; J.D. Norton; J. Renn; R. Rynasiewicz; J.M. Sánchez-Ron; T. Sauer; C. Sm...

  2. Open Development : Networked Innovations in International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Open Development : Networked Innovations in International Development. Couverture du livre Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development. Directeur(s):. Matthew L. Smith et Katherine M. A. Reilly. Maison(s) d'édition: The MIT Press, CRDI. 12 décembre 2013. ISBN : 9780262525411.

  3. Ideas. Innovation. Impact. | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-11-03

    Nov 3, 2010 ... An Act to Establish the International Development Research Centre passed ... have been at the cutting edge of development thinking and practice. ... solve development problems at local, national, regional, and global levels.

  4. Search Results | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 221 - 230 of 374 ... Ecology of Access to Educational Material in Developing World Universities ... of and engagement with international research for development. ... was a pioneer in the discipline of economic development theory and its ...

  5. TRIGA International - History of Training Research Isotope production General Atomics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    TRIGA conceived at GA in 1956 by a distinguished group of scientists including Edward Teller and Freeman Dyson. First TRIGA reactor Mk-1 was commissioned on 3 may 1958 at G.A. Characteristic feature of TRIGA reactors is inherent safety: Sitting can be confinement or conventional building. TRIGA reactors are the most prevalent in the world: 67 reactors in 24 countries. Steady state powers up to 14 MWt, pulsing up to 22,000 MWt. To enlarge the scope of its manufactured products, CERCA engaged in a Joint Venture with General Atomics, and in July 1995 a new Company was founded: TRIGA INTERNATIONAL SAS (50% GA, 50% CERCA; Head Office: Paris (France); Sales offices: GA San Diego (Ca, USA) and CERCA Lyon (France); Manufacturing plant: CERCA Romans. General Atomics ID: founded in 1955 at San Diego, California, by General Dynamics; status: Privately held corporation; owners: Neal and Linden Blue; business: High technology research, design, manufacturing, and production for industry and Government in the U.S. and overseas; locations: U.S., Germany, Japan, Australia, Thailand, Morocco; employees: 5,000. TRIGA's ID: CERCA is a subsidiary of AREVA, born in November 05, 1957. Activities: fuel manufacture for research reactor, equipment and components for high-energy physics, radioactive sources and reference sources; plants locations: Romans and Pierrelatte (France); total strength: 180. Since the last five years TRIGA has manufactured and delivered more than 800 fuel elements with a door to door service. TRIGA International has the experience to manufacture all types of TRIGA fuel: standard fuel elements, instrumented fuel elements, fuel followed control rods, geometry: 37.3 mm (1.47 in.), 35.8 mm (1.4 in), 13 mm (0.5 in), chemical Composition: U w% 8.5, 12, 20, 30 and 45 w/o, erbium and no erbium. TRIGA International is on INL's approved vendor list (ISO 9000/NQA) and is ready to meet any TRIGA fuel needs either in the US or worldwide

  6. Search Results | Page 749 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7481 - 7490 of 8491 ... Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development. The emergence of open networked models made possible by digital technology has the potential to transform international development. Open network structures allow people to come together to share information, ...

  7. Trip internalization in multi-use developments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    Internal trip capture refers to how the number trips to and from a development are reduced by the proximity of : complementary land uses within the development (e.g., residential to retail). Internal trips occur within the : development and do not en...

  8. Publications | Page 213 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Journal articles ... It assesses entrepreneurial environment and level of entrepreneurial activity. ... on Virtual Platforms, Knowledge Management and International Development (open access) ... Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand were.

  9. Development | Page 18 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    He is presently the Regional Coordinator of the Research Network on Social ... The end of the Cold War was to usher in a new era of international peace and security. ... Globalization has had a profound effect on North-South relations buthas ...

  10. International legal protection of environment in the system of fundamental generally recognized principles of international law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meherremov, A.A.

    2007-01-01

    The issue of international legal protection of environment in the system of fundamental, generally recognized principles of international law is analyzed in the article taking into consideration the different opinions in legal scientific researches and international practice. It is concluded that the protection of environment for the present and next generations - is a basic principle of international legal protection of environment. The meaning of this principleis that the countries will take all necessary measures for preservation and promotion of the quality of environment for the present and next generations, as well as rational management of natural resources. Adoption and national legal implementation of specific norms, in conformity with that basic principle, is a main factor in resolution of environmental problemsand ensuring environmental security

  11. Development research in Kenya | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kenya's 2002 general election, replacing a notoriously corrupt regime with a coalition government committed to reform, was seen as a landmark event in the country's history. IDRC, active in Kenya for some 30 years by then, reacted quickly with a package of projects expressly designed to advance and take advantage of ...

  12. Development of a General Purpose Gamification Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Vea, Eivind

    2016-01-01

    This report describes the design and implementation of a general purpose gamification framework developed in JavaScript on the Metor platform. Gamification is described as the use of game elements in none-game contexts. The purpose is to encourage and change user behaviour. Examples of existing gamification use cases and frameworks are described. A demo game shows how a general purpose framework can be used.

  13. Celebrating partnerships for International Development Week 2018 ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2018-01-31

    Jan 31, 2018 ... International Development Week, observed February 4-10 this year, is an opportunity to focus on Canada's contributions ... This event is part of the 2018 International Development Week conference at the University of Ottawa. ... Call for new OWSD Fellowships for Early Career Women Scientists now open.

  14. Margaret Biggs | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Margaret served as President of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) from 2008-2013, where she oversaw Canada's international development and humanitarian assistance efforts worldwide. Previously, Margaret served as Deputy Secretary to the Cabinet and Assistant Secretary, Priorities and ...

  15. Open Data for Development | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Open Data for Development (OD4D) program brings together a network of ... other open data initiatives to ensure they benefit people in developing countries. ... that benefits everyone, empowering women and achieving gender equality, ...

  16. Development | Page 25 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development demystifies the theory of gender ... and development theory, introduces competing theoretical frameworks, and ... Unfortunately, however, the research environment in the Middle East and ...

  17. Search Results | Page 948 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 9471 - 9480 of 9580 ... Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been ... Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development ... future of the information society in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  18. Search Results | Page 950 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 9491 - 9500 of 9602 ... Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been ... Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development ... future of the information society in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  19. Search Results | Page 843 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8421 - 8430 of 8531 ... Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been ... Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development ... future of the information society in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  20. International Journal of Development and Management Review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    International Journal of Development and Management Review ... social Development and Management practices and theories while providing an institutional ... The Igbo care for the elderly in contemporary times: an old testament evaluation ...

  1. Search Results | Page 14 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 131 - 140 of 438 ... Role of social protection in children's schooling outcomes ... for future human capital development and overall long-term development. Briefs ... International remittances, poverty and inequality : the West African case.

  2. Search Results | Page 2 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 11 - 20 of 55 ... Role of social protection in children's schooling outcomes ... implication for future human capital development and overall long-term development. ... International remittances, poverty and inequality : the West African case.

  3. Publications | Page 223 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC works with developing-country researchers and institutions to build local capacity through funding, knowledge sharing, and training. ... Audio slideshow: Overview and lessons from the Canadian Learning Forum 2012 on Virtual Platforms, Knowledge Management and International Development (open access).

  4. Publications | Page 283 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    China, Jordan, Nepal, Peru) with a number of international technical and legal experts to contribute to the development and implementation of innovative policies, and laws and related practices for the fair use and... Value chain development and ...

  5. Search Results | Page 97 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 961 - 970 of 9580 ... International Development Research Centre ... Collaboration in informal settlements: tackling flooding with a local perspective. In most developing countries, solid waste management is a significant challenge, ...

  6. The International Development in Accounting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔志宏

    2014-01-01

    This report mainly focuses Chinese accounting system and structure.In order to analysis and evaluate the Chinese accounting system and struc-ture,a brief history of the development of Chinese accounting system will be given to know the background of Chinese accounting system development process.

  7. Communications Advisor | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... to guide the development of quality communications products and services. ... This will contribute to ensuring that service models and processes are tested, ... It also ensures a cohesive communications service offering throughout IDRC.

  8. Agricultural transformations | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-12-13

    Dec 13, 2010 ... Farmers from developing countries are challenged by these ... the improvement of agricultural practices and human health with the ... in Cayambe consumed more water than one urban hectare in Quito, Ecuador's capital.

  9. Strategic Partnerships in International Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treat, Tod; Hartenstine, Mary Beth

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a framework and recommendations for development of strategic partnerships in a variety of cultural contexts. Additionally, this study elucidates barriers and possibilities in interagency collaborations. Without careful consideration regarding strategic partnerships' approaches, functions, and goals, the ability to…

  10. Making Education Count: Developing and Using International Indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

    The chapters in this book were prepared during the second phase of a study conducted by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development to develop a set of International Indicators of Education Systems (INES). They were among the many studies presented at the General Assembly of the INES Project in Lugano (Switzerland), September 16-18,…

  11. Web Developer | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Primary Duties or Responsibilities Web Development Leads all technical web ... design, and maintain the corporate website and any other internet properties IDRC ... and testing site for use by members of the website and social media team.

  12. Earth Sciences' Capacity Building In Developing Countries through International Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eder, W.

    2007-12-01

    Within the framework of "traditional" programmes, like the joint UNESCO-IUGS "International Geoscience Programme" (IGCP), the "International Continental Scientific Drilling Program" (ICDP), the "Integrated Ocean Drilling Program" (IODP) or the "International Lithosphere Programme" (ILP) numerous opportunities are provided to strengthen postgraduate geo-scientific education of representatives from developing countries. Recently established new initiatives, such as the "International Year of Planet Earth" (IYPE) or UNESCO's Global Network of Geoparks complement these in addition as important components to UNESCO's 'Education for All' programme, notably the youth, as well as to the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005 - 2014). The "International Year of Planet Earth" is a joint initiative of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and UNESCO. The central aims and ambitions of the Year, proclaimed for 2008 by the UN General Assembly, are to demonstrate the great potential of the Earth sciences in building a safer, healthier and wealthier society, and to encourage more widespread and effective application of this potential by targeting politicians and other decision-makers, educational systems, and the general public. Promotion of international collaboration, as well as capacity building and training of students of developing countries in all fields of Earth Sciences seem to be the most appropriate way to meet also the challenges of the IYPE. Another opportunity to improve the international recognition of Earth Scinces, also in developing countries, is the use of Geoparks as a promotional tool for education and popularization of Earth Sciences. Geoparks, notably those included in the European and/or Global Geoparks Networks, provide an international platform of cooperation and exchange between experts and practitioners in geological heritage matters, and are as such excellent instruments in highlighting Earth sciences. The

  13. International strategies for breeder development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zaleski, C.P.; Zebroski, E.L.

    1992-01-01

    This paper studies the perspectives of breeder reactors development. The near term context has led some experts to the conclusion that breeder reactor technology is too far ahead of its time. Some have compared breeders to the supersonic airplane, Concorde: good technical performance but failure in its economic dimensions. In this paper, the author points out the major shortcomings of such an assessment which may be valid in the short time. However, with a short-term market-dominated perspective that uses an 8% discount rate, one can neglect every thing that is going to happen in 50 years. 6 refs., 11 figs

  14. International financial markets and development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Wahl

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The current financial crisis has not come about by chance. It is the result of a system that has emerged over the last 30 years and which Keynes may well have called the ‘casino economy’. The dominance of finance over real economy characterises the financial crisis, while finance itself is dominated by the all-encompassing target of maximum profit at all times. Other aims of economic activity such as job creation, social welfare and development have fallen by the wayside. In response, new actors are surfacing, e.g. the institutional investor (hedge funds, private equity funds, etc., while new instruments are leading to highly leveraged and destabilising derivatives. The casino system has been promoted by governments and intergovernmental institutions to liberalise and deregulate financial markets. Although developing countries have not participated in the casino system, they have been suffering most from the spill-over into the real economy. The main lesson learnt is that the casino has to be closed.

  15. Cyberfeminism, technology, and international "development".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gajjala, R; Mamidipudi, A

    1999-07-01

    This article reports on the implications and benefits of Internet technology among women from developing countries. Cyberfeminism is the practice of feminism in cyberspace. Feminists believe that women should take control and augment Internet technologies to empower themselves. Learning to use the computers, getting "connected," and surfing the Internet are encouraged among all women with the aim of advancing feminist causes and empowering women. The Internet has been observed to cause radical changes in the way business and social activities are conducted. A description of how two women have engaged in cyberfeminism and worked in development and technology programs is included. One contributor, Annapurna Mamipudi, is involved in a non-governmental organization working with traditional handloom weavers in India Another contributor is Radhika Gajjala, who works in academia and creates on-line "discussion lists" and Web sites from her North American geographical location. Her job is to create spaces that provide opportunities for dialogue and collaboration among women with Internet access all over the world.

  16. US agency for international development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pumfrey, R.

    1997-12-01

    The author addresses the following questions in his presentation: what is USAID; where does the money go and who makes the decisions; where does USAID fund energy programs, and especially renewable energy; who are their `partners`; what is the approach to renewable energy; what in summary, has USAID funded that is relevant to village power. USAID is the foreign aid agency of the US Government. Approximately 75 countries receive regular assistance. The fiscal year 97 budget for the agency is approximately $5.8 billion. About half of the total budget goes to Israel, Egypt, and the countries of the former Soviet Union. These budgeting decisions are geopolitical. Congress earmarks total budgets for a few sectors or subjects, such as family planning. The goal of USAID`s renewable energy programs is simple: They are interested in accelerating the market penetration of commercial technologies. They do not engage in technology R&D. Developing countries have energy needs now, and commercial technologies are available now. USAID has taken note of the interest taken by subsidiaries of US utilities in the past couple of years in bringing their expertise and resources to bear on meeting the challenge of rural energy needs in developing countries. They believe that the entry into the market of these players could be one of the most important catalysts for making the rural energy revolution happen.

  17. Development | Page 28 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Dnipro River is Europe's second longest river and flows through the heartland of Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine. For many centuries, it has played a vital role in the historical, cultural, religious and economic development of this vast region. Indeed, it is true to say that nobody can understand this vast region of the world ...

  18. Development | Page 15 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Land is an important source of security against poverty across the developing world, but, in many places, unequal rights to land put women at a disadvantage, ... Upgrading is a key concept for value chain analysis and refers to the acquisition of technological capabilities and market linkages that enable firms to improve their ...

  19. Development | Page 32 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This book describes and analyzes the 3-year-long “L-20” project, whose objective ... in the environment for research and development (R&D) around the world. ... the “capability approach” of economist and Nobel Prize laureate Amartya Sen.

  20. Search Results | Page 723 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7221 - 7230 of 9602 ... Economic literature has demonstrated the importance of the services sector in ... Capability, Governance and Nanotechnology : Focus on India ... on international development through its International Relations Division. ... Poverty reduction through growth is the idea behind the market-oriented ...

  1. Search Results | Page 809 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1997-01-01

    Results 8081 - 8090 of 8491 ... All economic activity depends on the environment. This simple fact has spurred the international community into giving more and more attention to the environment in general and the environmental performance of industry in particular. Publication Date. January 1, 1997. Books.

  2. Jessica Perkins | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Her audit and consulting experience includes performance auditing, special examinations, information technology general controls, risk management, financial management and governance. Jessica holds a bachelor of commerce with a specialization in accounting from the University of Ottawa. She is a Certified Internal ...

  3. Search Results | Page 80 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-01-01

    Results 791 - 800 of 8492 ... International Development Research Centre (IDRC) supported research study on Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis which was carried out between 1992 and 2001 in Kathmandu Metropolitan City Nepal. Published date. January 1, 2009. Studies.

  4. Search Results | Page 13 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Teaching Public Policy for the Arab World : final technical report. Through integrating politics, policy, economics and other social science research ... of the field, developing methodology and building a critical mass of international health syste.

  5. Search Results | Page 27 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 261 - 270 of 1368 ... ICT in the context of education system ... Statistical handbook on baseline survey : part 1; data tables; (Focus City ... Technologies (ICT) in international development assistance - issues, trends and opportunities.

  6. Search Results | Page 40 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 391 - 400 of 8491 ... The influenza virus causes upper respiratory tract infections in humans, ... inclusion of youth and women through entrepreneurship in Madagascar ... Research can help international development do more with less.

  7. Publications | Page 25 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 241 - 250 of 6341 ... Journal articles. Papers. Reports. Research in Action. Studies ... Half a year later, on. ... Over the past two decades, the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) has established and subsequently devolved ...

  8. Publications | Page 343 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3421 - 3430 of 6923 ... ... peace accords that ended decades of bloody internal conflict. ... Environmental governance argues that governments are not the only agents ... Despite notable socio-economic development in the Arab region, ...

  9. Search Results | Page 795 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7941 - 7950 of 9601 ... ... awareness of the nutrition and income benefits of indigenous vegetables. ... The political and economic environment for civil society ... international cooperation and development work and based in Canada and ...

  10. Search Results | Page 71 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2012-01-01

    Results 701 - 710 of 8531 ... Audio slideshow: Overview and lessons from the Canadian Learning Forum 2012 on Virtual Platforms, Knowledge Management and International Development. Published date. January 1, 2012. Studies.

  11. World Refugee Council | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    develop tools and institutional structures to improve the international architecture and lay a foundation for addressing both the immediate and the long-term challenges of managing refugee flows effectively and comprehensively.” States also adopted ...

  12. Search Results | Page 909 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 9081 - 9090 of 9601 ... Area yield crop insurance in Vietnam : an analysis from the demand side ... Global partnership on open data for development : IDRC technical report ... efforts will benefit the ongoing work of the International Open ...

  13. Search Results | Page 10 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 91 - 100 of 181 ... Strengthening Governance in Health Systems for Reproductive Health and ... Latin America is home to the greatest inequities in the world, ... The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is funding the Africa ...

  14. Senior Program Specialist | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Initiative Development Identifies opportunities that will contribute to meeting the ... internal and governance committees, in-house and external research, global ... of strengthening CRVS systems, including gaps in existing CRVS infrastructure ...

  15. Search Results | Page 690 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 6891 - 6900 of 9601 ... The Canadian Association for the Study of International Development ... Institutional Support to Policy Research Organizations in India ... policy on both the content and administration of family law in the Caribbean, ...

  16. Search Results | Page 87 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 861 - 870 of 874 ... The right to privacy is a fundamental human right within democratic states. ... and living well in Bolivia : contributions to food security ... How open data and international development need to learn from one another.

  17. Search Results | Page 46 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 451 - 460 of 8518 ... Graduate education should challenge traditional modes of learning and ... Development FEMINISM WOMEN'S ECONOMIC ... The role of research in implementing Canada's Feminist International Assistance Policy.

  18. Search Results | Page 675 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 6741 - 6750 of 9602 ... ... Societies (4) Apply International Partnerships for Sustainable Societies filter ... Labour market regulations, particularly minimum wage policies, ... (think tanks) in developing countries, thereby enabling them to ... of legislation related to economic management, business activity and ... Solutions.

  19. Search Results | Page 78 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 771 - 780 of 1804 ... International Lawyers and Economists against Poverty (ILEAP) is an ... (STI) are critical elements in economic and social development. ... is a coalition of 18 Canadian environmental, social justice, church, first nations ...

  20. Search Results | Page 19 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 181 - 190 of 1804 ... Next-generation models for Canadian collaboration in international development ... Turning value chains into social gains in Southeast Asia ... While many private companies have made strides in building their own ...

  1. Search Results | Page 42 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 411 - 420 of 8531 ... Next-generation models for Canadian collaboration in international development ... Turning value chains into social gains in Southeast Asia ... While many private companies have made strides in building their own ...

  2. Search Results | Page 119 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Impact of Foreign Direct Investment Flows on Poverty in Ghana ... IDRC to enhance its members' understanding of and engagement with international research for development. ... Having little or no savings can be devastating for poor families.

  3. Search Results | Page 72 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2007-03-01

    Results 711 - 720 of 8489 ... Assessing Organizational Performance - Level 1- International Development Research Centre. Published date. March 1, 2007. Studies. -. Novel Epidemiological Method: Using Newspapers To Provide Insight Into Climate Change And Health. Published date. June 25, 2012. Studies.

  4. Program Officer | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... and the regional offices on issues of project development and management; ... IDRC's contacts with other international agencies and Canadian institutions; ... including conceptual, methodological, operational, evaluative, and financial ...

  5. Search Results | Page 10 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 91 - 100 of 172 ... The Canadian Association for the Study of International Development (CASID) is ... Ecuador's Healthy Food Campaign: An Effectiveness Assessment. This innovative project will address the problem of rising obesity and ...

  6. President | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    International Development Research Centre Selection Criteria Education A ... or an acceptable combination of education, job-related training and/or experience. ... Knowledge of current corporate governance and human resource issues; ...

  7. International Journal of Medicine and Health Development

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    International Journal of Medicine and Health Development ... This is the official publication of College of Medicine, University of Nigeria under the ... Health related quality of life and sociodemographic characteristics among Iranian students ...

  8. Search Results | Page 53 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 521 - 530 of 875 ... Migration, Gender and Social Justice : Connecting Research and Practice Networks ... International Barcode of Life Project : Engaging Developing ... Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policies in Latin ...

  9. Publications | Page 372 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3711 - 3720 of 6389 ... Through books, articles, research publications, and studies, ... theory, rural development, and natural resource management. ... Drawing on internal political contexts and external influences on the policy process, ...

  10. IDRC Research Awards 2019 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Citizens of developing countries pursuing a master's or a doctoral degree at a ... and will receive hands-on experience in research and program management and ... dissemination, and use of knowledge from an international perspective.

  11. View all initiatives | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The International Partnerships for Sustainable Societies are collaborations that produce high-quality research to inform academic, public, and policy debates to contribute to create just, inclusive, and sustainable social and economic development.

  12. David M. Malone President, International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    malonedm

    independent research and policy development institution in New York. From 1994 to 1998 ... His widely reviewed book The International Struggle Over Iraq: Politics in the ... also to write in a lighter vein, often for the Literary Review of Canada.

  13. Search Results | Page 847 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8461 - 8470 of 8517 ... The Centre Management Committee provides advice and guidance ... and meet the members who share a passion for international development work. ... as required under Canada's Financial Administration Act.

  14. Search Results | Page 851 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8501 - 8510 of 8531 ... Governance. IDRC is governed by global leaders and innovators with one collective aim: to empower people to find lasting solutions through international development research. Webpage.

  15. Search Results | Page 4 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 31 - 40 of 1367 ... Real momentum is building around the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as ... Promoting Rural Income from Sustainable Aquaculture through ... An international research team aims to protect human health and ...

  16. Partnership Officer | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... and bilateral development institutions, foundations and the private sector;; Supports ... and managing IDRC's contacts with other international and donor agencies; ... and Regional Offices), Corporate Counsel and Finance and Administration ...

  17. Search Results | Page 31 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 301 - 310 of 8491 ... ... ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 103 Apply ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH filter ... Strengthening territorial development and local management mechanisms ... Through this project, the Canadian Council for International ... and innovation, particularly in national science systems in sub-Saharan Africa.

  18. Search Results | Page 814 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1996-01-01

    Results 8131 - 8140 of 8490 ... Development and Global Governance. Fifty years on, the reform of the Bretton Woods institutions — the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund — has become a lively issue. Publication Date. January 1, 1996. Books.

  19. International Workshop on “Generalized Concavity, Fractional Programming and Economic Applications”

    CERN Document Server

    Castagnoli, Erio; Martein, Laura; Mazzoleni, Piera; Schaible, Siegfried

    1990-01-01

    Generalizations of convex functions have been used in a variety of fields such as economics. business administration. engineering. statistics and applied sciences.· In 1949 de Finetti introduced one of the fundamental of generalized convex functions characterized by convex level sets which are now known as quasiconvex functions. Since then numerous types of generalized convex functions have been defined in accordance with the need of particular applications.· In each case such functions preserve soine of the valuable properties of a convex function. In addition to generalized convex functions this volume deals with fractional programs. These are constrained optimization problems which in the objective function involve one or several ratios. Such functions are often generalized convex. Fractional programs arise in management science. economics and numerical mathematics for example. In order to promote the circulation and development of research in this field. an international workshop on "Generalized Concavi...

  20. Development of Einstein's general theory of relativity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Datta, B.K.

    1980-01-01

    Starting from Poincare's Lorentz-invariant theory of gravity formulated in 1906, development of Einstein's general theory of relativity during 1906-1916 is discussed. Three stages in this development are recognised. In the first stage during 1907-1914, Einstein tried to extend the relativity principle of uniform motion to the frames in non-uniform motion. For this purpose, he introduced the principle of equivalence which made it possible to calculate the effect of homogeneous gravitational field on arbitrary physical processes. During the second stage comprising years 1912-1914 overlapping the first stage, Einstein and Grossmann were struggling to translate physical postulates into the language of the absolute differential calculus. In the period 1915-1916, Einstein formulated the field equations of general relativity. While discussing these developmental stages, theories of gravitation formulated by Abraham, Nordstroem and Mie are also discussed. (M.G.B.)

  1. Peter Taylor | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    He leads a multidisciplinary team that strengthens policy research capacity in developing countries on issues of economic policy, governance, and health systems. Peter has more than 30 years of experience in international development, including positions at the Institute of Development Studies, UK; Helvetas Vietnam; ...

  2. Search Results | Page 65 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 641 - 650 of 902 ... Ecology of Access to Educational Material in Developing World Universities ... understanding of and engagement with international research for development. ... respondents ranked labour market problems first on a list of 10 ... a pioneer in the discipline of economic development theory and its policy ...

  3. Search Results | Page 17 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 161 - 170 of 9581 ... Journal of peacebuilding and development, volume 3, number 1, 2006 ... As the country embarked on a path of economic reform, care ... DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH YOUTH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT International ... Reasons for neglect of residential land issues in Navliwadi, Maharastra, India.

  4. Search Results | Page 44 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 431 - 440 of 902 ... ... DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 19 Apply DEVELOPING COUNTRIES filter · LAW ... Final report on IDRC's participation in the 11th World Congress on ... The Centre for International Sustainable Development Law ... They plan production, procurement and commercialization but outsource production ...

  5. Anindya Chatterjee | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dr Anindya Chatterjee is Regional Director, Asia, based in New Delhi, India. He has provided leadership in research, research management, policy, and program development in the area of global health and development. Dr Chatterjee formerly worked internationally with United Nations development agencies, and ...

  6. Search Results | Page 787 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7861 - 7870 of 9606 ... A research network on telecommunications policy is playing a significant ... CSOs that are engaged in international cooperation for development but ... The study's author, Stacie Travers, also carried out four case studies on ... Development Regional development Economics Environment Food ...

  7. Emerging Donors Study | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-10-20

    Oct 20, 2010 ... The four countries that were studied are Brazil, India, China and South Africa. The specific objectives of the studies were to: understand each country's approach to international development assistance and cooperation in developing countries; understand their approach to research for development in ...

  8. Development of Probabilistic Internal Dosimetry Computer Code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noh, Siwan [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Tae-Eun [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jai-Ki [Korean Association for Radiation Protection, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-02-15

    Internal radiation dose assessment involves biokinetic models, the corresponding parameters, measured data, and many assumptions. Every component considered in the internal dose assessment has its own uncertainty, which is propagated in the intake activity and internal dose estimates. For research or scientific purposes, and for retrospective dose reconstruction for accident scenarios occurring in workplaces having a large quantity of unsealed radionuclides, such as nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel cycle facilities, and facilities in which nuclear medicine is practiced, a quantitative uncertainty assessment of the internal dose is often required. However, no calculation tools or computer codes that incorporate all the relevant processes and their corresponding uncertainties, i.e., from the measured data to the committed dose, are available. Thus, the objective of the present study is to develop an integrated probabilistic internal-dose-assessment computer code. First, the uncertainty components in internal dosimetry are identified, and quantitative uncertainty data are collected. Then, an uncertainty database is established for each component. In order to propagate these uncertainties in an internal dose assessment, a probabilistic internal-dose-assessment system that employs the Bayesian and Monte Carlo methods. Based on the developed system, we developed a probabilistic internal-dose-assessment code by using MATLAB so as to estimate the dose distributions from the measured data with uncertainty. Using the developed code, we calculated the internal dose distribution and statistical values (e.g. the 2.5{sup th}, 5{sup th}, median, 95{sup th}, and 97.5{sup th} percentiles) for three sample scenarios. On the basis of the distributions, we performed a sensitivity analysis to determine the influence of each component on the resulting dose in order to identify the major component of the uncertainty in a bioassay. The results of this study can be applied to various

  9. Development of Probabilistic Internal Dosimetry Computer Code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noh, Siwan; Kwon, Tae-Eun; Lee, Jai-Ki

    2017-01-01

    Internal radiation dose assessment involves biokinetic models, the corresponding parameters, measured data, and many assumptions. Every component considered in the internal dose assessment has its own uncertainty, which is propagated in the intake activity and internal dose estimates. For research or scientific purposes, and for retrospective dose reconstruction for accident scenarios occurring in workplaces having a large quantity of unsealed radionuclides, such as nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel cycle facilities, and facilities in which nuclear medicine is practiced, a quantitative uncertainty assessment of the internal dose is often required. However, no calculation tools or computer codes that incorporate all the relevant processes and their corresponding uncertainties, i.e., from the measured data to the committed dose, are available. Thus, the objective of the present study is to develop an integrated probabilistic internal-dose-assessment computer code. First, the uncertainty components in internal dosimetry are identified, and quantitative uncertainty data are collected. Then, an uncertainty database is established for each component. In order to propagate these uncertainties in an internal dose assessment, a probabilistic internal-dose-assessment system that employs the Bayesian and Monte Carlo methods. Based on the developed system, we developed a probabilistic internal-dose-assessment code by using MATLAB so as to estimate the dose distributions from the measured data with uncertainty. Using the developed code, we calculated the internal dose distribution and statistical values (e.g. the 2.5 th , 5 th , median, 95 th , and 97.5 th percentiles) for three sample scenarios. On the basis of the distributions, we performed a sensitivity analysis to determine the influence of each component on the resulting dose in order to identify the major component of the uncertainty in a bioassay. The results of this study can be applied to various situations. In cases

  10. International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry: General Meeting Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenberg, Nancy R. (Editor); Baver, Karen D. (Editor)

    2002-01-01

    This volume contains the proceedings of the second General Meeting of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), held in Tsukuba, Japan, February 4-7, 2002. The contents of this volume also appear on the IVS Web site at http://ivscc.gsfc.nasa.gov/publications/gm2002. The key-note of the second GM was prospectives for the future, in keeping with the re-organization of the IAG around the motivation of geodesy as 'an old science with a dynamic future' and noting that providing reference frames for Earth system science that are consistent over decades on the highest accuracy level will provide a challenging role for IVS. The goal of the meeting was to provide an interesting and informative program for a wide cross section of IVS members, including station operators, program managers, and analysts. This volume contains 72 papers and five abstracts of papers presented at the GM. The volume also includes reports about three splinter meetings held in conjunction with the GM: a mini-TOW (Technical Operations Workshop), the third IVS Analysis Workshop and a meeting of the analysis working group on geophysical modeling.

  11. Understanding the development of international environmental agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stærdahl, Jens

    There are many different theoretical schools concerned with how international regimes develop, and each supplies its own interpretation focusing on one or a few aspects of the process. Such ‘one shot’ explanations may be fruitful for scientific debate, but less useful as conceptual frameworks...... for practitioners and planners manoeuvring in a complex world. On the basis of a review of selected theories of international and environmental regulation, this article initiates the development of a conceptual framework for understanding the development of internationalenvironmental agreements. The point...... of departure for developing the model is the actor-structure debate within social science and theory of international relations. Based on critical realism, a framework is developed specifying the relation between collective action problem situations and negotiation situations. It is argued that the main...

  12. South Asia | Page 194 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Language French. A most valuable contribution not only to the community of development cooperation in the world but also to academia in general for facilitating the understanding of Japan's ODA. — Kimio Fujita, President, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Until the early 1960s, Japan was a recipient of ODA ...

  13. Far East Asia | Page 186 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Language French. A most valuable contribution not only to the community of development cooperation in the world but also to academia in general for facilitating the understanding of Japan's ODA. — Kimio Fujita, President, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Until the early 1960s, Japan was a recipient of ODA ...

  14. Datasets collected in general practice: an international comparison using the example of obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturgiss, Elizabeth; van Boven, Kees

    2018-06-04

    be able to partake in these kinds of comparison studies. What are the implications for practitioners? Australian primary care researchers and clinicians will be at a disadvantage in any international collaboration if they are unable to accurately describe current general practice management. The Netherlands has developed an impressive dataset that requires within-consultation data collection. These datasets allow for person-centred, symptom-specific, longitudinal understanding of general practice management. The possibilities for the quasi-experimental questions that can be answered with such a dataset are limitless. It is only with the ability to answer clinically driven questions that are relevant to primary care that the clinical care of patients can be measured, developed and improved.

  15. Lisa Woodward | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Lisa Woodward is Special Advisor to the President. Before joining IDRC, Lisa held positions in strategic planning, performance measurement, evaluation, risk management, and policy development in federal organizations, including Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the Canadian International Development Agency, and the ...

  16. Employability of Graduates from International Development Studies ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Knowledge to shape learning This study will collect and analyze longitudinal data ... Canadian Consortium of University Programs in International Development ... Call for new OWSD Fellowships for Early Career Women Scientists now open ... an opportunity for the awardees to develop their skills and network with some of ...

  17. Gender | Page 227 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Two years ago, the International Development Research Centre created CIME, a development communication program that reflects the interrelations between Communication at the grassroots level, the exchange of Information, two-way Media, and nonformal Education. This book presents the conceptual framework that led ...

  18. Search Results | Page 3 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 21 - 30 of 8491 ... ... use as a threat not only to global health, but also to international development efforts. ... Collaboration in informal settlements: tackling flooding with a local perspective. In most developing countries, solid waste management is a ... public service, academia, and at the Canadian Museum of History.

  19. Search Results | Page 843 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8421 - 8430 of 8531 ... The emergence of open networked models made possible by digital technology has the potential to transform international development. ... In recent years, the Internet and other network technologies have emerged as a central issue for development in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  20. Search Results | Page 51 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 501 - 510 of 650 ... ... NETWORKS filter · Economic and social development 30 Apply ... Consolidating African Research and Education Networking ... The debate over intellectual property policies and their effects is highly contested. ... by Wellcome Trust, the Department for International Development (DFID) and IDRC.

  1. An International Marketing Curriculum - Development and Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abboushi, Suhail; Lackman, Conway; Peace, A. Graham

    1999-01-01

    Describes the process of market-driven curriculum design in the development of an undergraduate International Marketing (IM) major at Duquesne University (Pennsylvania) School of Business Administration. Reports on a market study revealing profiles and IM curriculum design preferences of exporting companies. Discusses the curriculum development,…

  2. Search Results | Page 60 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 591 - 600 of 650 ... Public Policy and Protection from Exclusion - Phase III ... International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) are ... Panafrican Research Agenda on the Integration of ICTs in Education - Phase I ... Development, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) and the ...

  3. Search Results | Page 763 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7621 - 7630 of 8532 ... DEVELOPMENT AID. The advance of history: the scholars speak. Research in Action. Innovation. Joining forces to ... Ideas. Innovation. Impact. Research in Action. Innovation REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT Capacity building International cooperation Gender. Achieving global distinction. Research ...

  4. Governance | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... appoints governors based on their interest and expertise in science, management, and development issues. The chair of the Board of Governors presents an annual report to Parliament through the Minister of International Development. IDRC's president oversees our day-to-day operations. As the chief executive officer, ...

  5. View all initiatives | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The International Research Chairs Initiative pairs top research talent from universities in Canada with their counterparts in developing countries to address key development challenges. We fund researchers driving global change. Careers · Contact Us · Subscribe · Unsubscribe · Site map. Follow us; Facebook · Twitter ...

  6. Search Results | Page 787 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7861 - 7870 of 9602 ... The study's author, Stacie Travers, also carried out four case studies ... Development Regional development Economics Environment Food ... generating ideas and building international networks. ... Learning financial skills through involvement in an urban farming cooperative has improved the ...

  7. Publications | Page 403 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 4021 - 4030 of 6384 ... The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) organized this workshop to strengthen collective learning about national eHealth enterprise architecture designs and deployments - with an emphasis placed on developing country needs and experiences. It was designed to build on a ...

  8. Search Results | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 61 - 70 of 112 ... ... 60 Apply Books filter · Journal articles 57 Apply Journal articles filter .... Developing Capacity for Agricultural Research for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa ... Canadian International Food Security Research Fund - Phase II ... of rural and environmental issues within the academic community with a ...

  9. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THROUGH AID OR INTERNATIONAL TRADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Mihei

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic development is the supreme goal of modern civilization. This phenomenon is seen not just in terms of growth, but rather as an overall improvement in living standards. Economic development is a national goal, but also an objective of international economic bodies. Talks about development are held in the context of the opposition between developed countries and developing countries.In this article, we discuss whether development aid that originates from industrialized states supports sustainable economic rise of the countries lagging behind and whether it is preferable to let market operate freely, through the liberalization of international trade. Our conclusion is that economic development through the promotion of free trade would be achieved faster and more efficiently, based on net gains from trade and the pride of the peoples who would have won by themselves their daily bread and a place in the global market.

  10. Developing a general ward nursing dashboard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Margot; Hogg, Maggie; Leach, Stuart; Penman, Mags; Friel, Susan

    2014-12-15

    The seventh and final article in the series on Leading Better Care explores some of the challenges in clinical practice relating to the use of data and making information meaningful to senior charge nurses and ward sisters. It describes the collaborative approach taken by NHS Lanarkshire, which involved nursing staff, programme leads and the eHealth team in the development of a general ward nursing dashboard as a means of ensuring safe, effective person-centred care. The article also illustrates how this web-based data-reporting programme is used to support clinical practice.

  11. Continuing professional development for general practitioners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tulinius, Charlotte; Hølge-Hazelton, Bibi

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The profession of medicine has long been characterised by virtues such as authorisation, specialisation, autonomy, self-regulation and adherence to an ethical code of practice, and its complexity has granted it the privilege of self-regulation. Studies have shown continuing professional...... development (CPD) for general practitioners (GPs) to be most effective when it is set up within a multi-method design. This paper reports a research-based evaluation of a 2-year educational CPD project for 21 GPs. METHODS: The project focused on the issue of 'children in need' and was delivered through group...

  12. New Sunshine Program for Fiscal 2000. International cooperative project for developing photovoltaic power system practicalization technology (General edition); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijustu kaihatsu kokusai kyoryoku jigyo (Sogoban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Fiscal 2000 international cooperation for the research, development, and popularization of photovoltaic power systems is compiled. In carrying out international cooperation relating to the photovoltaic power generation program of IEA (International Energy Agency), etc., officers were sent to the 15th and 16th executive committee meetings, where they deliberated on plan formulation and budget making. They also participated in the activities of Task 1: Exchange and dissemination of information on photovoltaic power systems, Task 2: Operational performance and design of photovoltaic power systems and subsystems, Task 3: Use of photovoltaic power systems in stand-alone and island applications, Task 5: Design and grid interconnection of building integrated and other dispersed photovoltaic systems, Task 7: Photovoltaic power systems in the built environment, Task 8: Study on very large scale photovoltaic power generation systems in deserts and other unexploited regions, and Task 9: Technical co-operation for photovoltaic market deployment. A discussion was made on the holding of a 4th IEA photovoltaic power system executive conference. In addition, Japan-Australia and Japan-Oman bilateral cooperative projects were implemented. (NEDO)

  13. Generalized internal model robust control for active front steering intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jian; Zhao, Youqun; Ji, Xuewu; Liu, Yahui; Zhang, Lipeng

    2015-03-01

    Because of the tire nonlinearity and vehicle's parameters' uncertainties, robust control methods based on the worst cases, such as H ∞, µ synthesis, have been widely used in active front steering control, however, in order to guarantee the stability of active front steering system (AFS) controller, the robust control is at the cost of performance so that the robust controller is a little conservative and has low performance for AFS control. In this paper, a generalized internal model robust control (GIMC) that can overcome the contradiction between performance and stability is used in the AFS control. In GIMC, the Youla parameterization is used in an improved way. And GIMC controller includes two sections: a high performance controller designed for the nominal vehicle model and a robust controller compensating the vehicle parameters' uncertainties and some external disturbances. Simulations of double lane change (DLC) maneuver and that of braking on split- µ road are conducted to compare the performance and stability of the GIMC control, the nominal performance PID controller and the H ∞ controller. Simulation results show that the high nominal performance PID controller will be unstable under some extreme situations because of large vehicle's parameters variations, H ∞ controller is conservative so that the performance is a little low, and only the GIMC controller overcomes the contradiction between performance and robustness, which can both ensure the stability of the AFS controller and guarantee the high performance of the AFS controller. Therefore, the GIMC method proposed for AFS can overcome some disadvantages of control methods used by current AFS system, that is, can solve the instability of PID or LQP control methods and the low performance of the standard H ∞ controller.

  14. General guidelines for the assessment of internal dose from monitoring data: Progress of the IDEAS project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doerfel, H.; Andrasi, A.; Bailey, M.; Blanchardon, E.; Cruz-Suarez, R.; Berkovski, V.; Castellani, C. M.; Hurtgenv, C.; Leguen, B.; Malatova, I.; Marsh, J.; Stather, J.; Zeger, J.

    2007-01-01

    In recent major international intercomparison exercises on intake and internal dose assessments from monitoring data, the results calculated by different participants varied significantly. Based on this experience the need for harmonisation of the procedures has been formulated within an EU 5. Framework Programme research project. The aim of the project, IDEAS, is to develop general guidelines for standardising assessments of intakes and internal doses. The IDEAS project started in October 2001 and ended in June 2005. The project is closely related to some goals of the work of Committee 2 of the ICRP and since 2003 there has been close cooperation between the two groups. To ensure that the guidelines are applicable to a wide range of practical situations, the first step was to compile a database of well-documented cases of internal contamination. In parallel, an improved version of an existing software package was developed and distributed to the partners for further use. A large number of cases from the database was evaluated independently by the partners and the results reviewed. Based on these evaluations, guidelines were drafted and discussed with dosimetry professionals from around the world by means of a virtual workshop on the Internet early in 2004. The guidelines have been revised and refined on the basis of the experiences and discussions in this virtual workshop. The general philosophy of the Guidelines is presented here, focusing on the principles of harmonisation, optimisation and proportionality. Finally, the proposed Levels of Task to structure the approach of internal dose evaluation are reported. (authors)

  15. Radioimmunoassay in developing countries: General principles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piyasena, R D

    1993-12-31

    Radioimmunoassay (RIA) is probably the most commonly performed nuclear medicine technique. It is an in vitro procedure, where no radioactivity is administered to the patient. But this alone is not the reason for its widespread use. It provides the basis for extremely sensitive and specific diagnostic tests, and its use in present day medicine has brought a virtual information explosion in terms of understanding the pathophysiology of many diseases. The fact that the technology involved is within the technical and economic capabilities of the developing world is evident from the increasing demand for its introduction or expansion of existing services. RIA facilities need not be restricted to urban hospitals, as in the case of in vivo nuclear medicine techniques, but may be extended to smaller district hospitals and other laboratories in peripheral areas. It is also possible to send blood samples to a central laboratory so that a single centre can serve a wide geographical area. There are many laboratories in the industrialized world that receive a major proportion of samples for assay by mail. In recent years, substantial RIA services have been established in many of the developing countries in Asia and Latin America. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and World Health Organisation (WHO) have made vital contributions to these activities and have played a catalytic role in assisting member states to achieve realistic goals. In the past five years, more than 250 individual RIA laboratories in developing member states have been beneficiaries of IAEA projects

  16. Radioimmunoassay in developing countries: General principles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Piyasena, R.D.

    1992-01-01

    Radioimmunoassay (RIA) is probably the most commonly performed nuclear medicine technique. It is an in vitro procedure, where no radioactivity is administered to the patient. But this alone is not the reason for its widespread use. It provides the basis for extremely sensitive and specific diagnostic tests, and its use in present day medicine has brought a virtual information explosion in terms of understanding the pathophysiology of many diseases. The fact that the technology involved is within the technical and economic capabilities of the developing world is evident from the increasing demand for its introduction or expansion of existing services. RIA facilities need not be restricted to urban hospitals, as in the case of in vivo nuclear medicine techniques, but may be extended to smaller district hospitals and other laboratories in peripheral areas. It is also possible to send blood samples to a central laboratory so that a single centre can serve a wide geographical area. There are many laboratories in the industrialized world that receive a major proportion of samples for assay by mail. In recent years, substantial RIA services have been established in many of the developing countries in Asia and Latin America. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and World Health Organisation (WHO) have made vital contributions to these activities and have played a catalytic role in assisting member states to achieve realistic goals. In the past five years, more than 250 individual RIA laboratories in developing member states have been beneficiaries of IAEA projects

  17. Development Internal Problems of Shanghay Cooperation Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Y. Kolegova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the main internal problems of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Particular attention is paid to the conflict of interests of the participating countries, as well as identifying obstacles to strengthen the organization and increase its influence in the international arena. The international organizations are created by the states to meet mutual problems in the course of interstate relations requiring regular cooperation mechanism. Given the background of the Organization, it is important to emphasize that the main reason for the establishment of the Shanghai organization was the need for the united front against the strengthening of the region at the turn of centuries against dangerous trends of terrorism, extremism, separatism, the growth of organized crime. Despite the conflict of interests and the internal and external development challenges thirteen-year history of evolution of the SCO, to some extent proves its effectiveness, moreover, there are the preconditions for its consistent transition to a more comprehensive organization.

  18. Development in Danish international air traffic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Linda

    The paper is describing the development in international air traffic made by Danes and for all travellers out of Denmark in the period 2002 - 2012. Development in passengers, destination countries and prices is illustrated. The person kilometres by Danes have increased 80% or 7.2% per year in mean...... during the 10 years. This increase has been analysed by a panel data model. The conclusion found by modelling is the increasing travel activity first of all is driven by increasing income and to less extent by decreasing prices. The paper is furthermore showing how the international air traffic has got...

  19. Development of an international comorbidity education framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, C; Pati, S; Green, J; Messina, G; Strömberg, A; Nante, N; Golinelli, D; Verzuri, A; White, S; Jaarsma, T; Walsh, P; Lonsdale, P; Kadam, U T

    2017-08-01

    The increasing number of people living with multiple chronic conditions in addition to an index condition has become an international healthcare priority. Health education curricula have been developed alongside single condition frameworks in health service policy and practice and need redesigning to incorporate optimal management of multiple conditions. Our aims were to evaluate current teaching and learning about comorbidity care amongst the global population of healthcare students from different disciplines and to develop an International Comorbidity Education Framework (ICEF) for incorporating comorbidity concepts into health education. We surveyed nursing, medical and pharmacy students from England, India, Italy and Sweden to evaluate their understanding of comorbidity care. A list of core comorbidity content was constructed by an international group of higher education academics and clinicians from the same disciplines, by searching current curricula and analysing clinical frameworks and the student survey data. This list was used to develop the International Comorbidity Education Framework. The survey sample consisted of 917 students from England (42%), India (48%), Italy (8%) and Sweden (2%). The majority of students across all disciplines said that they lacked knowledge, training and confidence in comorbidity care and were unable to identify specific teaching on comorbidities. All student groups wanted further comorbidity training. The health education institution representatives found no specific references to comorbidity in current health education curricula. Current clinical frameworks were used to develop an agreed list of core comorbidity content and hence an International Comorbidity Education Framework. Based on consultation with academics and clinicians and on student feedback we developed an International Comorbidity Education Framework to promote the integration of comorbidity concepts into current healthcare curricula. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier

  20. ISO: international standards development for nuclear technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Becker, K.

    1981-01-01

    The importance of internationally recognized standards for nuclear technology and safety is rapidly increasing for technical as well as economical and political reasons such as public acceptance and nuclear technology transfer to developing countries. The need for such standards is also evident because of the large number of nuclear installations sited close to international borders, and the export of nuclear installations from relatively few supplier countries to a large number of user countries. It is the purpose of this report to describe briefly the history, organizational structures and procedures, goals, accomplishments, problems, and future needs of the relevant activities of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO is composed of the partly governmental, partly non-governmental national standards bodies of 86 countries including China. The work of its Technical Committee (TC) 85 'Nuclear Energy' is mostly concerned with industrial applications, contractual aspects and international communication, for the benefit of both developed and developing countries. It works in close liaison with IAEA, which develops Codes and Guides addressed mainly to the regulatory aspects of nuclear power plants in developing countries. ISO/TC 85 has four sub-committees dealing with: (a) Terminology, Definitions, Units and Symbols (Secretariat USA, four working groups (WGs)); (b) Radiation Protection (Secretariat France, ten WGs); (c) Power Reactor Technology (Secretariat Sweden, nine WGs); (d) Nuclear Fuel Technology (Secretariat F.R. Germany, seven WGs). (author)

  1. "International regime for advancing lunar development"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beldavs, VZ

    2017-09-01

    A specific concern regarding the Moon Treaty is the provision for sharing the wealth gained from space with developing countries that have not invested and taken risks in making possible space materials utilization. Article 11, par. 7 states "The main purposes of the international regime to be established shall include: (a) The orderly and safe development of the natural resources of the moon; (b) The rational management of those resources; (c) The expansion of opportunities in the use of those resources; (d) An equitable sharing by all States Parties in the benefits derived from those resources, whereby the interests and needs of the developing countries, as well as the efforts of those countries which have contributed either directly or indirectly to the exploration of the moon, shall be given special consideration." Whether the Moon Treaty in its present form or modified to be acceptable to more parties or the Moon Treaty is ignored, the language of Article 11, paragraph 7 can be used to construct an international regime for lunar development that can meet the requirements of commercial business as well as of states that provide support for lunar development as well as developing countries that may have played a modest role in making lunar development possible. This paper will consider options for constructing an international regime for lunar development.

  2. Publications | Page 238 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Understanding maternal mortality in Colombia : the influence of health ... In spite of a high coverage of institutional deliveries and prenatal consultations and the ... of innovative strategies in the organization of Primary Health Care (open access) ... the South African Development Community (SADC) and internationally, and ...

  3. Brochure: Partnering by design | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-12-22

    Dec 22, 2010 ... Partnerships are key to IDRC's business model. Other organizations are increasingly recognizing the importance of research and turn to IDRC. IDRC partners with donors and international organizations to: Promote greater collaboration among research funders and enhance effectiveness in development ...

  4. Search Results | Page 55 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 541 - 550 of 8531 ... ... Perspectives (44) Apply Perspectives filter · Training materials (43) Apply .... Since the mid-2000s, international and Chinese development policies have ... Impact assessment of adaptation options and strategies for coping ... fields of food security, human health and water resources management.

  5. Publications | Page 29 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 281 - 290 of 6388 ... IDRC works with developing-country researchers and institutions to build local capacity ... to a high-level dialogue that engaged high-level officials and ... The Centers for International Projects Trust (CIPT) organized a ...

  6. Search Results | Page 34 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 331 - 340 of 369 ... Gender Sensitive Research for Tobacco Control in Brazil ... (IYF) with support from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and a number of other donors. ... Unfortunately, the industry has been accompanied by only minor ... Gender, International Law and Justice : Access to Gender Equality.

  7. Publications | Page 527 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 5261 - 5270 of 6375 ... Reconciling genetic resources and local knowledge conservation and livelihoods enhancement in research and development : experiences of bioversity international in Sub-Saharan Africa (restricted access). Conservation of biodiversity, preservation of local knowledge and improved ...

  8. Search Results | Page 66 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-01-01

    Results 651 - 660 of 8487 ... ... Apply International Partnerships for Sustainable Societies filter ... Developing a predictive GIS model of sea level rise for a ... January 1, 2010 ... Establishing a recovery orientation in first line mental health teams in Québec : perspectives from ... Sea otter tourism in British Columbia : the effects of ...

  9. Search Results | Page 25 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 241 - 250 of 875 ... ... Research in Action 52 Apply Research in Action filter · Studies 52 Apply Studies filter .... Reciprocally, crops can influence ground water, altering water table depth and chemical composition. ... Journal articles ... Sharing national and international experiences on the development of products and ...

  10. Search Results | Page 158 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This project builds on previous (IDRC) partnership with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) for establishing a knowledge-sharing network of IFAD rural poverty alleviation projects and partners in the Asia-Pacific region to b. Project ...

  11. Publications | Page 193 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC works with developing-country researchers and institutions to build local capacity ... Through books, articles, research publications, and studies, we aim to widen the ... A paper by IDRC partner the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan ... In this region, the supply of houses in rural and urban areas has failed to ...

  12. Search Results | Page 892 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8911 - 8920 of 9603 ... Making the economy work for youth ... entering the marketplace as small business owners, offering a ... Kingdom's Department for International Development and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, IDRC is launching a call for research proposals on Growth and Economic Opportunities ...

  13. Search Results | Page 782 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7811 - 7820 of 9602 ... ... Training materials filter · Perspectives (45) Apply Perspectives filter .... Research and International Trade Policy Negotiations: ... Market Dynamics and Productivity in Developing Countries: Economic Reforms in the Middle East and ... Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and ...

  14. Search Results | Page 892 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8911 - 8920 of 9602 ... ... Ecohealth Emerging Infectious Diseases Research Initiative (2) ... Making the economy work for youth ... Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women: Literature ... Kingdom's Department for International Development and The ... animal vaccines could keep more African farmers in business.

  15. Search Results | Page 19 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 181 - 190 of 8517 ... Science Diplomacy Awards recognize outstanding achievements in South Africa's international science, technology, and innovation (STI) ... digital technologies can contribute to achieving the targets set out in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) by 2030 by fostering economic growth, ...

  16. Search Results | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 61 - 70 of 102 ... ... Journal articles 6 Apply Journal articles filter · Evaluations 5 Apply Evaluations .... The explosive growth of India's economy has led to a proliferation of insurance ... Canadian Association for the Study of International Development (CASID) ... Crime and Violence : the Role of Community Social Capital.

  17. Search Results | Page 799 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7981 - 7990 of 8490 ... New Partnerships Stimulate Agricultural Innovation, Greater Food Security. Despite some relief from recent skyrocketing food prices, many poor consumers in developing countries are paying much more for their food than they were just a few years ago. Research in Action. International ...

  18. Publications | Page 59 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 581 - 590 of 7205 ... Any -, Central Asia, Europe, Far East Asia, Middle East, North ... Journal articles ... The rural poor face a major challenge in accessing financial services provided by the formal banking ... Canadian Association for Studies in International Development ... "A national, bilingual, interdisciplinary, and.

  19. Publications | Page 313 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3121 - 3130 of 6383 ... This paper describes some tools developed by the ICLEI (International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives-Local Governments for ... Urbanisation has become one of the strongest drivers of growing challenges in the fields of food security, human health and water resources management.

  20. Copyright | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Where copyright is held by IDRC Unless otherwise stated, the copyright to material on this website is held by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). IDRC permits reading, downloading, copying, redistributing, printing, linking and searching, for non-commercial or academic purposes, of any of its content, ...

  1. Publications | Page 107 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Green energies the socialist way : hydropower, energy crops and Handai livelihoods along the Red river, Yunnan province, China (restricted access). Since the mid-2000s, international and Chinese development policies have made Honghe Prefecture, located in Yunnan Province, China, a new frontier for renewable ...

  2. Publications | Page 271 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC works with developing-country researchers and institutions to build local ... Brendan Baker can be called many things: an engineer, an international ... Profile of IDRC's Environment and Natural Resource Management (ENRM) program area. ... Businesses in a smattering of Latin American cities now enjoy a quick and ...

  3. Search Results | Page 836 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2003-01-01

    Results 8351 - 8360 of 8491 ... ... Societies, and Individuals. This publication reviews and synthesizes the literature on tobacco-related health economic evaluation, with a focus on developing countries. IDRC 's Research for International To. Publication Date. January 1, 2003. Research in Action. Access to ICT Networking ...

  4. Tanzania | Page 33 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    An international research team is developing nanotechnology-based applications of hexanal, a natural plant extract that extends the storage life of harvested fruit. Bananas, mangoes and papayas: these tender tropical fruits are in high demand in export markets and an important livelihood source for producers.

  5. Tanzania | Page 38 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    For some people, the word “competition” brings to mind the realm of business or maybe sports. But competition is a crucial issue also for those who struggle to achieve economic justice and international development — and for the many who will benefit from these efforts. Read more about Competition policy at the service of ...

  6. Search Results | Page 845 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8441 - 8450 of 8489 ... Quarterly financial reports. A quarterly analysis of IDRC's revenues and expenses, as required under Canada's Financial Administration Act. ... The International Development Research Centre posts summaries of completed Access to Information requests by its Access to Information and Privacy ...

  7. Search Results | Page 848 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8471 - 8480 of 8518 ... Quarterly financial reports. A quarterly analysis of IDRC's revenues and expenses, as required under Canada's Financial Administration Act. ... The International Development Research Centre posts summaries of completed Access to Information requests by its Access to Information and Privacy ...

  8. Search Results | Page 57 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2006-03-01

    Results 561 - 570 of 875 ... ... WOMEN'S RIGHTS 17 Apply WOMEN'S RIGHTS filter · YOUTH ... The Center for Global Development (CGD), located in Washington DC, is a globally preeminent think tank ... In March 2007, IDRC's Research for International Tobacco ... Since March 1, 2006, all enclosed spaces in Uruguay have ...

  9. Search Results | Page 17 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2006-03-01

    Results 161 - 170 of 369 ... ... WOMEN'S RIGHTS 10 Apply WOMEN'S RIGHTS filter · ACCESS ... The Center for Global Development (CGD), located in Washington DC, is a globally preeminent think tank ... In March 2007, IDRC's Research for International Tobacco ... Since March 1, 2006, all enclosed spaces in Uruguay have ...

  10. Search Results | Page 49 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-01-01

    Results 481 - 490 of 8490 ... Development of an Equitable Information Society : the Role of African Parliaments; international conference, Kigali, Rwanda, 4th-5th March 2009. Published date. January 1, 2009. Studies. Collaborative information and communication technology research : the potential for achieving strategic ...

  11. Manager, Financial Systems | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... application of internal controls within the Centre's corporate financial systems. ... It is a key resource for managing IDRC's financial information systems both for the ... Assess the vendor development strategies and determine the impacts on the long .... applications to provide complete and relevant accounting information.

  12. Search Results | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... for Innovation · News · Briefs · Books · Evaluations · Journal articles · Papers; Reports .... Project objectives were to document traditional knowledge; provide scientific ... 2011, and funded by International Development Research Centre, Canada ... management system for collection and analysis of medical field survey data.

  13. Search Results | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Books · Evaluations · Journal articles · Papers · Reports · Studies; Training materials .... Project objectives were to document traditional knowledge; provide scientific ... 2011, and funded by International Development Research Centre, Canada ... management system for collection and analysis of medical field survey data.

  14. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 81 - 90 of 220 ... Canadian development report 2011 : global challenges; multilateral solutions ... Scaling up the international impact of action research : SAS phase 3; final ... provide scientific validation of medicinal plants; promote inclusion of traditional ... system for collection and analysis of medical field survey data.

  15. Search Results | Page 13 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 121 - 130 of 180 ... ... International Research Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change 5 ... Exploring the Potential Benefits of Mobile Phone Service for Epidemiological Monitoring in Mali ... Establishing the Prerequisites for Randomized Trials of HIV ... The African Development of AIDS Prevention Trials (ADAPT2) ...

  16. Developing Global Perspectives through International Management Degrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookes, Maureen; Becket, Nina

    2011-01-01

    Internationalisation has risen high on the agenda of many higher education institutions, and the need to develop graduates with global perspectives is well recognised. Much attention has been given to institutional strategies for internationalisation, international students, and dealing with culturally diverse learning styles. To date, however,…

  17. Think Tank Initiative | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The UK Department for International Development. What we do · Funding · Resources · About IDRC. Knowledge. Innovation. Solutions. Careers · Contact Us · Site map. Sign up now for IDRC news and views sent directly to your inbox each month. Subscribe · Copyright · Open access policy · Privacy policy · Research ethics ...

  18. Arab Democracy Barometer | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... to address the deficits identified in the Arab Human Development Report, as well as ... Call for new OWSD Fellowships for Early Career Women Scientists now open ... IWRA/IDRC webinar on climate change and adaptive water management. International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, ...

  19. Search Results | Page 942 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 9411 - 9420 of 9577 ... International Development Research Centre Government of Canada .... efficiency through strengthening competitive procurement, ... Evidence-based budgeting policy in maternal and child health programme : do they work ... political level within a favourable socio-economic and political context.

  20. Search Results | Page 844 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8431 - 8440 of 8491 ... ... 255 Apply West Indies filter · United Kingdom 107 Apply United Kingdom filter .... Fuelling Economic Growth: The Role of Public–Private Sector Research in Development ... Water as a Human Right for the Middle East and North Africa ... Research and International Trade Policy Negotiations: ...

  1. The international cooperation for sustainable development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruiz, Francisco; Soto, David

    1998-02-01

    This article notices the importance of the environmental issue for the international cooperation and the legislative progress about it in Colombia. Also, it study the changes in the cooperation system, from one based in quotas to other based in the demand, and the adjustments required in developing countries to adapt to the new scheme

  2. Publications | Page 86 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 851 - 860 of 6372 ... Through books, articles, research publications, and studies, we aim to widen the impact of our investment and advance development research. ... Global pathways to men's caregiving: mixed methods findings from the international men and gender equality survey and the men who care study ...

  3. Search Results | Page 77 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 761 - 770 of 875 ... Latin American Knowledge Networking Program on Gender, Macroeconomics and International Economics ... "100133 Building Learning Systems for Honduran Development. ... Historically, the cooperative sector in Latin America has ... Cities of Life and Death presents findings from research led by ...

  4. Search Results | Page 18 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 171 - 180 of 870 ... International cooperation Evaluation NETWORKS INFORMATION ... Regional integration and foreign direct investment : the potential impact of the ... (FDI) and to the development of regional integration agreements (RIA). ... In this study, policy recommendations are based on information generated ...

  5. Search Results | Page 20 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 191 - 200 of 1298 ... A research network on telecommunications policy is playing a ... are engaged in international cooperation for development but don't have research as their prime mandate. The study's author, Stacie Travers, also carried out four case ... Increasingly, residents of peri-urban areas are facing water ...

  6. Search Results | Page 18 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 171 - 180 of 257 ... ... Safe and Inclusive Cities 1 Apply Safe and Inclusive Cities filter · Technology ... Regional Dialogue on the Information Society Network (Latin ... engaged in international cooperation for development but don't have ... The study's author, Stacie Travers, also carried out four case studies on Canadian ...

  7. User account | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Log in(active tab) · Request new password. Username *. Enter your IDRC - International Development Research Centre username. Password *. Enter the password that accompanies your username. IDRC Login (for IDRC staff / team members only) · What we do · Funding · Resources · About IDRC. Knowledge. Innovation.

  8. Publications | Page 316 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3151 - 3160 of 7205 ... ... widen the impact of our investment and advance development research. ... Work in healthcare sector is characterized by high level of work stress internationally. ... Report on the Capacity Building Workshop on Women's Land rights, ... workers and as a barrier impeding creation of formal jobs.

  9. Search Results | Page 715 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7141 - 7150 of 9577 ... Application of Total Innovation Management to Chinese Small and Medium Enterprises ... Peace, Human Security and Sustainable Development in Africa ... with partner organizations in Africa and internationally. Project ... Sri Lanka does not have an official science and technology (S&T) policy.

  10. Search Results | Page 22 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... News · Briefs · Books · Evaluations · Journal articles · Papers · Reports; Studies .... of the geo-politics of humanitarian aid in Northern & Eastern Sri Lanka & Aceh, ... International Workshop on Peace and Development held in Kigali and ... The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) is an applied policy research institute with a ...

  11. Search Results | Page 15 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Evaluations · Journal articles · Papers · Reports · Studies; Training materials .... Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum, Kerala, India, 14-16 February 2013 ... Dakar is increasingly proving to be a transit zone in international drug trafficking. ... Focusing on the strategies that political parties have, or are putting in place ...

  12. Latvian advertising market development and international communication

    OpenAIRE

    Golovina, Anna

    2010-01-01

    This paper is dedicated to the development of Latvian advertisement market, as well as Latvian internet advertisement development and its capabilities in international level. The main task of the paper is to define theoretical aspects of advertisement, as well as to define the present situation in Latvian advertisement market and to find out the most advantageous mass media for advertisement, which will be able to increase the profit of advertisers. The research emphasizes the importance of i...

  13. The role of international institutions in the formation of international bioethical law: UNESCO and the United Nations General Assembly attempt to govern human cloning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuppuswamy, Chamundeeswari

    2007-01-01

    This article analyses the international governance of human reproductive cloning. Noting that bioethics is a new field of engagement for international lawyers, it recounts some of the institutional developments in bioethical law making. The role of UNESCO and the United Nations General Assembly is scrutinized and the author discusses the relative merits of the institutions' governance of human reproductive cloning. The author suggests that some international institutions and mechanisms are better suited than others for bioethical law making. The 2005 General Assembly resolution on human cloning is analysed in this context.

  14. International Business Education: Identifying the Emergent Topics in International Business and Their Relevance for Knowledge Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeoh, Poh-Lin

    2001-01-01

    Sampled faculty in international business (IB) to better understand emerging themes in that area. Seven major topical areas were uncovered: general knowledge of IB, international trade and institutions, cross-cultural issues, managing global operations, international ethics, international monetary systems, and international political/regulatory…

  15. A general model for use in internal dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, J.R.; Carver, M.B.

    1981-01-01

    A model is described that combines the International Commission on Radiological Protection's Task Group on Lung Dynamics' Model, Eve's model for transport of material through the gastro-intestinal tract and a compartment model for the organs. Differential equations for this model are given, which include urinary and fecal excretion rates, and the method used to obtain solutions to these equations is described. (author)

  16. UFOs, NGOs, or IGOs: Using International Documents for General Reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shreve, Catherine

    1997-01-01

    Discusses accessing and using documents from international (intergovernmental) organizations. Profiles the United Nations, the European Union and other Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs). Discusses the librarian as "Web detective," notes questions to focus on, and presents examples to demonstrate navigation of IGO sites. Lists basic…

  17. Nineteenth International Cosmic Ray Conference papers. General index, volume 10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jones, F.C.

    1986-07-01

    These volumes contain papers submitted for presentation at the 19th International Cosmic Ray Conference held on the campus of the University of California, San Diego, in La Jolla, CA, Aug. 11-23, 1985. The present volume contains a complete author index for volumes 1 through 9 and a list of the names and addresses of all those who attended the conference

  18. Capitalist development and internal migration in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akor, R I; Mou, D

    1986-12-01

    The authors analyze internal migration trends in Nigeria by examining individual household strategies and how they have adapted to structural changes brought about by colonial rule and capitalist development. The first section of this article describes the structural changes that started the process of labor migration. The second section deals with post-independence industrialization and the consequent rural-urban migration. The final section analyzes the consequences of these migration patterns for urban growth and rural productivity.

  19. Legal Coordinator | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Develops systems and procedures for administering and tracking legal undertakings, coordinates and consolidates the legal information in order to meet deadlines. • Collaborates with the Secretary and General Counsel to ensure that all legal issues are handled efficiently, while respecting the highly confidential nature of ...

  20. Search Results | Page 20 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 191 - 197 of 197 ... Learning Initiatives for Network Economies in Asia (LIRNEasia) : Building Capacity in ICT Policy. It is now generally accepted that affordable, effective telecommunication services play an integral role in development. Although there has been strong growth in connectivity in Asia, those who have ...

  1. Publications | Page 302 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3011 - 3020 of 6338 ... IDRC Pre-ICN Forum on Competition and Development Alliance Building for a Culture of Compliance : session 1: the general case for alliance building (open access) ... External review of Rimisp-RTD project : organizational issues (open access). This research and policy influencing program, ...

  2. The development of the international and national radiation protection law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bischof, W.

    1978-01-01

    The author reports in detail about the development of the international radiation protection law, gives a general survey of domestic legislation in the FRG and abroad and presents the individual problems of the radiation protection laws in a comparative way, such as radiation protection principles/dose limit values, licensing and monitoring regulations disposal of radioactive wastes, application of ionising rays and radioactive substances to men as well as protection from non-ionising radiation. (UN) [de

  3. Second International Conference on Accelerating Biopharmaceutical Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    The Second International Conference on Accelerating Biopharmaceutical Development was held in Coronado, California. The meeting was organized by the Society for Biological Engineering (SBE) and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE); SBE is a technological community of the AIChE. Bob Adamson (Wyeth) and Chuck Goochee (Centocor) were co-chairs of the event, which had the theme “Delivering cost-effective, robust processes and methods quickly and efficiently.” The first day focused on emerging disruptive technologies and cutting-edge analytical techniques. Day two featured presentations on accelerated cell culture process development, critical quality attributes, specifications and comparability, and high throughput protein formulation development. The final day was dedicated to discussion of technology options and new analysis methods provided by emerging disruptive technologies; functional interaction, integration and synergy in platform development; and rapid and economic purification process development. PMID:20065637

  4. Questions and Countermeasures on Developing General Aviation Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Yongming

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available China’s general aviation industry has exposed many problems with the low-altitude airspace expanding openness. General aviation is an important part of national economy and defence forces, the development of general aviation has a practical and far-reaching significance. By analysing the China’s current general aviation industry, combined with the importance of the development of general aviation, propose some countermeasures and suggestions for the development of China’s general aviation industry.

  5. A role for NGOs in international renewable energy project development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartholf, T.R.

    1997-12-01

    An NGO is an international term for non-government organizations, often it is used in connection with non-profit, community-based and/or voluntary business activities. To be successful in supporting energy projects, these organizations generally exhibit certain characteristics: they are familiar with the end-use requirements; they are typically neutral to the technology; they emphasize training; they do not carry a large bureacratic structure, at home or in the field; they typically can adapt to do numerous functions; they can often attract other support. The author discusses several examples of such organizations who have been highly successful. The author sees a continuing role for such groups in developing renewable energy sources in the rural setting to include: continued development of new activity in rural areas; development of institutional framework for future market activity; an increased role in managing international development activities; more direct involvement with for-profit technical and financial organizations.

  6. International Atomic Energy Agency thirty-third general conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1989-01-01

    A brief account is given of the 33rd session of IAEA General Conference held in Vienna from 25 to 29 September 1989. The Minister for Primary Industry and Energy, Mr John Kerin, led the Australian delegation. His statement to the General Conference highlighted Australia's role as a major uranium exporter, its committment to the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapon Treaty and support for the role which the Agency plays in it. The major Australian policy initiatives in environmental areas were also outlined. Australia continues to make a substantial extra-budgetary contribution to the Regional Cooperation Agreement for Asia and Pacific (RCA), and it has recently expanded its committment by agreeing to support a series of new RCA projects. In this context, the role played by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization for the provision of technical assistance and cooperation in many areas of the Agency's activities is discussed. ills

  7. Developments of the general computer network of NIPNE-HH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mirica, M.; Constantinescu, S.; Danet, A.

    1997-01-01

    Since 1991 the general computer network of NIPNE-HH was developed and connected to RNCN (Romanian National Computer Network) for research and development and it offers to the Romanian physics research community an efficient and cost-effective infrastructure to communicate and collaborate with fellow researchers abroad, and to collect and exchange the most up-to-date information in their research area. RNCN is targeted on the following main objectives: Setting up a technical and organizational infrastructure meant to provide national and international electronic services for the Romanian scientific research community; - Providing a rapid and competitive tool for the exchange of information in the framework of Research and Development (R-D) community; - Using the scientific and technical data bases available in the country and offered by the national networks from other countries through international networks; - Providing a support for information, scientific and technical co-operation. RNCN has two international links: to EBONE via ACONET (64kbps) and to EuropaNET via Hungarnet (64 kbps). The guiding principle in designing the project of general computer network of NIPNE-HH, as part of RNCN, was to implement an open system based on OSI standards taking into account the following criteria: - development of a flexible solution, according to OSI specifications; - solutions of reliable gateway with the existing network already in use,allowing the access to the worldwide networks; - using the TCP/IP transport protocol for each Local Area Network (LAN) and for the connection to RNCN; - ensuring the integration of different and heterogeneous software and hardware platforms (DOS, Windows, UNIX, VMS, Linux, etc) through some specific interfaces. The major objectives achieved in direction of developing the general computer network of NIPNE-HH are: - linking all the existing and newly installed computer equipment and providing an adequate connectivity. LANs from departments

  8. Updating and using the international non-neutron experimental nuclear data base in ''Generalized EXFOR'' format

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhuravleva, G.M.; Chukreev, F.E.

    1985-10-01

    A software system for the automatic preparation of non-formalized textual information for the international exchange of nuclear data in the ''Generalized Exchange Format (EXFOR)'' is described. The ''Generalized EXFOR'' format is briefly outlined and data are given on the size of the international non-neutron experimental data base in this format. (author)

  9. Development of a definitive internal dosimetry code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miller, G.; Inkret, W.C.; Schillaci, M.E.

    1996-01-01

    Internal dosimetry may be divided into tow main problems: (1) the forward (scientific) problem of determining biokinetics models that describe how radionuclides are taken into the body, distributed in body tissues, and excreted, and (2) the inverse (mathematical) problem: given the measured amounts in excreta and assuming a biokinetic model, to determine the times and amounts of intakes into the body. The inverse problem of internal dosimetry is, in fact, a generic problem studied in other fields (e.g., image reconstruction, spectral deconvulution, and model parameter fitting). We have developed a code for plutonium internal dosimetry using the maximum entropy method, a method for solving underdetermined inverse problems with a positivity constraint. Within the framework of Bayesian statistics, we believe the definitive approach is to examine the Bayesian posterior probability describing the probability of an intake scenario (X i ) read ( ... ) as open-quotes the set of,close quotes where X i denotes the intake amount that occurs on the with day. For plutonium, for a worker with a long employment history, this is a very high dimensional probability space, since there may be on the order of 10,000 days when intakes may have occurred. Within this high dimensional space, we calculate the mean intake scenario as i > where denotes the expectation value over the posterior probability distribution. Similarly, we calculate uncertainties and other relevant quantities, such as X 2 , as expectation values over the posterior distribution. Thanks to a recent breakthrough in describing the mathematical structure of the intake process (a Poisson sum representation of intakes), we have developed the initial version of a Bayesian expectation-value algorithm for internal dosimetry reconstructions

  10. General guidelines for the Assessment of Internal Dose from Monitoring Data (Project IDEAS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doerfel, H.; Andrasi, A.; Bailey, M.; Blanchardon, E.; Berkovski, V.; Castellani, C. M.; Hurtgen, C.; Jourdain, J. R.; LeGuen, B.; Puncher, M.

    2004-01-01

    In recent major international intercomparison exercises on intake and internal dose assessments from monitoring data the results calculated by different participants varied significantly. This was mainly due to the broad variety of methods and assumptions applied in the assessment procedure. Based on these experiences the need for harmonisation of the procedures has been formulated within an EU research project under the 5th Framework Programme. The aim of the project, IDEAS, is to develop general guidelines for standardising assessments of intakes and internal doses. The IDEAS project started in October 2001 and will end in March 2005. Eight institutions from seven European countries are participating. Inputs from internal dosimetry professionals from across Europe are also being used to ensure a broad consensus in the outcome of the project. The IDEAS project is closely related to some goals of the work of Committee 2 of the ICRP and since 2003 there has been close cooperation between the two groups. To ensure that the guidelines are applicable to a wide range of practical situations, the first step has been to compile a database of well-documented cases of internal contamination. In parallel, an improved version of an existing software package has been developed and distributed to the partners for further use. A large number of cases from the database have been evaluated independently by partners in the project using the same software and the results have been reviewed. Based on these evaluations guidelines are being drafted and will be discussed with dosimetry professionals from around the world by means of a virtual workshop on the Internet early in 2004. The guidelines will be revised and refined on the basis of the experiences and discussions of this virtual workshop and the outcome of an intercomparison exercise organised as part of the project. This will be open to all internal dosimetry professionals. (Author) 10 refs

  11. Energy policy of the International Energy Agency (IEA) countries. General review of the year 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    This book is a general review on energy policy leaded by Members countries of International Energy Agency (IEA) during the year 1990. This book describes also the trends and the recent events which have affected energy demand, energy conservation, energy efficiency, energy supply and energy source development. This annual review gives the IEA energy forecasting for the next years, till year 2001. A detailed study of energy policy in Federal Republic of Germany, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland and Japan is given. The policy of fifteen another Members countries, which have been analyzed the previous years, is recapitulated and briefly brought up to date

  12. Technical developments in international satellite business services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, P. P.

    At the conception of International Satellite Business Services (ISBS), it was a primary objective to provide flexibility for accommodating a variety of service requirements which might be established by mutual agreement between users. The design guidelines are to ensure that the space segment is efficiently utilized, while other satellite services are protected from interference. Other considerations are related to an acceptable earth segment cost, maximum connectivity in worldwide services, the capability of growth and a reasonably smooth transition into future systems, and the maintenance of high performance objectives. Attention is given to a system overview, the characteristics of satellites for ISBS, and technological developments with some application possibilities for ISBS.

  13. Human work interaction design meets international development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campos, P.; Clemmensen, T.; Barricelli, B.R.

    2017-01-01

    opportunity to observe technology-mediated innovative work practices in informal settings that may be related to the notion of International Development. In this unique context, this workshop proposes to analyze findings related to opportunities for design research in this type of work domains: a) human......Over the last decade, empirical relationships between work domain analysis and HCI design have been identified by much research in the field of Human Work Interaction Design (HWID) across five continents. Since this workshop takes place at the Interact Conference in Mumbai, there is a unique...

  14. General dosimetry model for internal contamination with radioisotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nino, L.

    1989-01-01

    Radiation dose by inner contamination with radioisotopes is not measured directly but evaluated by the application of mathematical models of fixation and elimination, taken into account biological activity of each organ with respect to the incorporated material. Models proposed by ICRP for the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts (30) seems that they should not be applied independently because of the evident correlation between them. In this paper both models are integrated in a more general one with neither modification nor limitation of the starting models. It has been applied to some patients in the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, who received some I-131 dose via oral and results are quite similar to dose experimentally obtained via urine spectrograms. Based on this results the method was formalized and applied to professional exposed personnel of the medical staff at the same Institute; due to high doses found in some of the urine samples, probable I-131 air contamination could be supposed

  15. General aspects of a manpower development programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calori, F.; Goodman, E.I.

    1977-01-01

    A manpower development program as a long term program for developing countries, requirements based on objectives, organizations and roles, a utility program, the level of domestic involvement, the methodology of a manpower development program and the identification of requirements are treated. (HK) [de

  16. General Research and Development problems in dismantling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lorin, C.

    1993-01-01

    R and D studies for dismantling nuclear facilities have been conducted in several domains: safety evaluation (3D cameras, gamma camera, gamma low level control bench, alpha measures); general studies (such as the Baladin software, an expert system for dismantling); decontamination techniques (utilisation of acid or base liquids, laser, ...); cutting techniques and tools (remote controlled grinder, remote controlled robot, carrier crane); robotics for remote operations and handling; waste processing

  17. General relativistic study of astrophysical jets with internal shocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyas, Mukesh K.; Chattopadhyay, Indranil

    2017-08-01

    We explore the possibility of the formation of steady internal shocks in jets around black holes. We consider a fluid described by a relativistic equation of state, flowing about the axis of symmetry (θ = 0) in a Schwarzschild metric. We use two models for the jet geometry: (I) a conical geometry and (II) a geometry with non-conical cross-section. A jet with conical geometry has a smooth flow, while the jet with non-conical cross-section undergoes multiple sonic points and even standing shock. The jet shock becomes stronger, as the shock location is situated farther from the central black hole. Jets with very high energy and very low energy do not harbour shocks, but jets with intermediate energies do harbour shocks. One advantage of these shocks, as opposed to shocks mediated by external medium, is that these shocks have no effect on the jet terminal speed, but may act as possible sites for particle acceleration. Typically, a jet with specific energy 1.8c2 will achieve a terminal speed of v∞ = 0.813c for jet with any geometry, where, c is the speed of light in vacuum. But for a jet of non-conical cross-section for which the length scale of the inner torus of the accretion disc is 40rg, then, in addition, a steady shock will form at rsh ˜ 7.5rg and compression ratio of R ˜ 2.7. Moreover, electron-proton jet seems to harbour the strongest shock. We will discuss possible consequences of such a scenario.

  18. THE BASES OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DOBRIN IONEL GABRIEL

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Capitalism started as a consequence of the urban phenomena development, as well as of the commercial activities development. Thus, over this period of time, the attitude towards business also changed. This change was based also on certain economic reasons. The term „business” is defined in numerous dictionaries released until the present day in a restrictive and subjective manner, both from the perspective of the totalitarian communist ideology, which happened up to the year 1989, and also from the perspective of the different categories of meanings that were taken into consideration when compiling dictionaries in different international circulation languages. If an enterprise conducts business at an international level, then it will take into consideration the performance of different types of activities which differ greatly from the activities conducted at a national level. All these elements must be carefully studied by the company's management, in order to be able to act with high economic efficiency. It must be said that, in contemporary times, that „invisible hand of the market” from the past is none other than competition. As a consequence of the competitive phenomenon's manifestation, the prices are lower, the services are of a better quality and they are increasingly more diverse. Because of these positive arguments, Adam Smith was named „the father of economy”.

  19. Professional development of international classroom lecturers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.

    and cultural backgrounds. The training of higher education teachers (lecturers) vary considerably from one country – or even higher education institution – to the other, and the overarching picture changes from mandatory to voluntary programmes to no programmes at all. Where they exist, they have different...... and weaknesses) and discuss their applicability in a wider context. Key words: Professional development; International classroom; English Medium Instruction, Opportunities and challenges Simon, Eszter & Gabriela Pleschová (eds).2013. Teacher Development in Higher Education. Existing Programs, Program Impact...... through a language other than their own first language to students who also learn through what for them is a second or third language. As part of a survey conducted by the IntlUni Erasmus Academic Network project in 2013, 38 Higher Education institutions in 27 countries were asked to which extent...

  20. Generally Applicable Transformation Protocols for Fluorescent Nanodiamond Internalization into Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemelaar, Simon R; van der Laan, Kiran J; Hinterding, Sophie R; Koot, Manon V; Ellermann, Else; Perona-Martinez, Felipe P; Roig, David; Hommelet, Severin; Novarina, Daniele; Takahashi, Hiroki; Chang, Michael; Schirhagl, Romana

    2017-07-19

    Fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs) are promising nanoprobes, owing to their stable and magnetosensitive fluorescence. Therefore they can probe properties as magnetic resonances, pressure, temperature or strain. The unprecedented sensitivity of diamond defects can detect the faint magnetic resonance of a single electron or even a few nuclear spins. However, these sensitivities are only achieved if the diamond probe is close to the molecules that need to be detected. In order to utilize its full potential for biological applications, the diamond particle has to enter the cell. Some model systems, like HeLa cells, readily ingest particles. However, most cells do not show this behavior. In this article we show for the first time generally applicable methods, which are able to transport fluorescent nanodiamonds into cells with a thick cell wall. Yeast cells, in particular Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are a favored model organism to study intracellular processes including aging on a cellular level. In order to introduce FNDs in these cells, we evaluated electrical transformation and conditions of chemical permeabilization for uptake efficiency and viability. 5% DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide) in combination with optimized chemical transformation mix leads to high uptake efficiency in combination with low impact on cell biology. We have evaluated all steps in the procedure.

  1. Pitfalls in Using Limitation Clauses in the International General Conditions ECE 188 and Orgalime S 2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    various individual provisions contained in the general conditions - for example limitation of the right to require repair and further limitation of liability. If this is not motivated by the circumstances surrounding the particular contract, the parties risk creating imbalances in the otherwise well-balanced......The article centers on the rules on the limitation of liability in the general conditions ECE 188 and Orgalime S 2000. ECE 188 differ considerably from S 2000, as the provisions in ECE 188 do not give the necessary consideration to the development in industry practices and legal rules, including...... the approximation and harmonization of legal systems that have taken place during the last 50 years. S 2000 reflects an international trend that increasingly recognizes the importance of striking a balance between the interests of the parties. However, in practice the parties often derogate considerably from...

  2. Divisions of general practice in Australia: how do they measure up in the international context?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Judith; Sibthorpe, Beverly

    2007-07-13

    Since the late 1980s, there has been evidence of an international trend towards more organised primary care. This has taken a number of forms including the emergence of primary care organisations. Underpinning such developments is an inherent belief in evidence that suggests that well-developed primary care is associated with improved health outcomes and greater cost-effectiveness within health systems. In Australia, primary care organisations have emerged as divisions of general practice. These are professionally-led, regionally-based, and largely government-funded voluntary associations of general practitioners that seek to co-ordinate local primary care services, and improve the quality of care and health outcomes for local communities. In this paper, we examine and debate the development of divisions in the international context, using six roles of primary care organisations outlined in published research. The six roles that are used as the basis for the critique are the ability of primary care organisations to: improve health outcomes; manage demand and control costs; engage primary care physicians; enable greater integration of health services; develop more accessible services in community and primary care settings; and enable greater scrutiny and assurance of quality of primary care services. We conclude that there has been an evolutionary approach to divisions' development and they now appear embedded as geographically-based planning and development organisations within the Australian primary health care system. The Australian Government has to date been cautious in its approach to intervention in divisions' direction and performance. However, options for the next phase include: making greater use of contracts between government and divisions; introducing and extending proposed national quality targets for divisions, linked with financial or other incentives for performance; government sub-contracting with state-based organisations to act as purchasers of

  3. No silver bullet in international development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Daneri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Development economics has started to propose solutions to the problem of development in underdeveloped countries since the 17th century. Over time, various solutions have been proposed by many different development researchers and economists. Most of these solutions have the common characteristic of looking for a so-called “silver bullet” to the problem of development, that is to say a single solution to be applied to all underdeveloped countries, which over time might be freedom, foreign aid, good governance or other single approach. The purpose of this paper is to argue that, being development generally intended as a sort of “adequate level of production of goods and services by public and private subjects in a given country”, the solution to the problem of development cannot be a single one, given that the basic theory of production in economics in based on 4 factors of production (entrepreneurship, labor, capital and land, so that the level and quality of these 4 factors and all the sub-factors influencing them (such as the climate in the case of land or the culture in the case of entrepreneurship will be the real responsible for the development process in a country.

  4. Developing International Business Managers through International Study Visits to China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Yiming; Rose, Susan

    2014-01-01

    Globalization is a key factor in the success of business organizations today, impacting many aspects of management performance. Understanding the global business environment has therefore become a key objective in the teaching of international business on Executive MBA programs. Drawing on the theory of experiential learning, this study examines…

  5. international development research centre (idrc) internal audit charter

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    kallache

    2006-06-27

    Jun 27, 2006 ... audit services to IDRC (the Centre), by which the internal audit function may be ... information presented in the Charter reflects the Act's requirements. ... compliance, systems security, and due diligence engagements. .... Initiate or approve accounting transactions external to the Audit Services function.

  6. A review of international underground laboratory developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cheng Jianping; Yue Qian; Wu Shiyong; Shen Manbin

    2011-01-01

    Underground laboratories are essential for various important physics areas such as the search for dark matter, double beta decay, neutrino oscillation, and proton decay. At the same time, they are also a very important location for studying rock mechanics, earth structure evolution,and ecology. It is essential for a nation's basic research capability to construct and develop underground laboratories. In the past, China had no high-quality underground laboratory,in particular no deep underground laboratory,so her scientists could not work independently in major fields such as the search for dark matter,but had to collaborate with foreign scientists and share the space of foreign underground laboratories. In 2009, Tsinghua university collaborated with the Ertan Hydropower Development Company to construct an extremely deep underground laboratory, the first in China and currently the deepest in the world, in the Jinping traffic tunnel which was built to develop hydropower from the Yalong River in Sichuan province. This laboratory is named the China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL) and formally opened on December 12, 2010. It is now a major independent platform in China and can host various leading basic research projects. We present a brief review of the development of various international underground laboratories,and especially describe CJPL in detail. (authors)

  7. International Education and Development: Histories, Parallels, Crossroads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Education has been a priority sector when considering foreign aid allocationsince the 1970s. The stated objective has been to ensure universal access to basic education, with a more recent emphasis on quality and outcomes. Aware that these goals will not be met universally, the major actors involved in the post-2015 debate are turning back to the concept of learning. In this chapter, we briefly review major scholarly work and strategic papers that have shaped the discourse and policies of international development organisations and national actors over the past four decades. We discuss how the central notions of skills, learning, and both formal and non-formal education have evolved in conjunction with ideological shifts. We examine the tensions between public and private education as well as between individualised and standardised delivery modes. We further look at (big data and online education promises. To conclude, we question the current focus of major stakeholders on post-2015, post-EFA agendas. As several articles in this special issue underscore, national policies and local practices are largely driven by persistent political economy dynamics while the influence of ‘the global agenda’ tends to remain confined to the international cooperation community itself.

  8. Books | Page 3 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been proven to promote economic ... Book cover Open Development: Networked Innovations in International Development ... Book cover Inequality and Development Challenges.

  9. Seeing power in international development cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cashmore, Matthew; Richardson, Tim; Axelsson, Anna

    2013-01-01

    is proposed, combining a governmentality perspective with Stewart Clegg's theory of circuits of power. The framework is applied in a case study of experimentation by the World Bank with a new tool for Environmental Policy Integration (EPI). Rather than conceptualising the EPI tool as a governmental technology......The aim of this paper is to sharpen the ways in which power dynamics can be analytically ‘seen’ in complex governance contexts where particular ways of governing, and their associated horizons of thought, shape and are in turn shaped by intricate interactions between actors. A theoretical approach...... through which the World Bank could promote its favoured vision of political culture in a local setting (here urban planning in Dhaka, Bangladesh), an alternative account is generated that reveals a will to power among the international development community, realised through the construction of knowledge...

  10. Search Results | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 101 - 110 of 8530 ... ... searching for ways of building international climate agreements between ... Supporting indigenous women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics careers in Mexico and Central America ... and international organizations to address challenges faced by indigenous ... Knowledge.

  11. Search Results | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 101 - 110 of 8531 ... ... climate policy, negotiations and implementation in Latin America ... body searching for ways of building international climate agreements ... women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics careers in ... and international organizations to address challenges faced by ... Knowledge.

  12. Search Results | Page 853 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8521 - 8530 of 8531 ... ... working with multiple stakeholders to identify opportunities using ... Jessica Perkins is the Director, Risk Management and Internal Audit. ... frontier markets connect to investment and international supply chains.

  13. Search Results | Page 176 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... (FBOs) are one of the driving forces for political and social change. ... In this project, IDRC will partner with the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) in furthering a program of research on international human rights. Project.

  14. Search Results | Page 958 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 9571 - 9580 of 9580 ... Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders ... Jessica Perkins is the Director, Risk Management and Internal Audit.

  15. Search Results | Page 849 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8481 - 8489 of 8489 ... Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders ... Jessica Perkins is the Director, Risk Management and Internal Audit.

  16. Development of a generalized integral jet model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duijm, Nijs Jan; Kessler, A.; Markert, Frank

    2017-01-01

    Integral type models to describe stationary plumes and jets in cross-flows (wind) have been developed since about 1970. These models are widely used for risk analysis, to describe the consequences of many different scenarios. Alternatively, CFD codes are being applied, but computational requireme......Integral type models to describe stationary plumes and jets in cross-flows (wind) have been developed since about 1970. These models are widely used for risk analysis, to describe the consequences of many different scenarios. Alternatively, CFD codes are being applied, but computational...... requirements still limit the number of scenarios that can be dealt with using CFD only. The integral models, however, are not suited to handle transient releases, such as releases from pressurized equipment, where the initially high release rate decreases rapidly with time. Further, on gas ignition, a second...... model is needed to describe the rapid combustion of the flammable part of the plume (flash fire) and a third model has to be applied for the remaining jet fire. The objective of this paper is to describe the first steps of the development of an integral-type model describing the transient development...

  17. Search Results | Page 192 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-01-01

    Manitoba universities and project partners awarded $6.4-Million from Canadian International Food Security Research Fund for international research. Canadian agricultural research in international food security receives financial support through the IDRC, CIFSRF and other partnerships. Published date. January 1, 2011 ...

  18. Search Results | Page 837 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8361 - 8370 of 8489 ... Manitoba universities and project partners awarded $6.4-Million from Canadian International Food Security Research Fund for international research. Canadian agricultural research in international food security receives financial support through the IDRC, CIFSRF and other partnerships.

  19. Search Results | Page 838 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8371 - 8380 of 8494 ... Manitoba universities and project partners awarded $6.4-Million from Canadian International Food Security Research Fund for international research. Canadian agricultural research in international food security receives financial support through the IDRC, CIFSRF and other partnerships.

  20. The International Experience of Regional Development of Creative Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turskyj Ihor V.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at generalizing the international experience of regional development of creative industries and defining directions of its implementation in Ukraine. The experience of the world countries on regional development of creative industries has been generalized, tendencies and specificity of these development processes have been identified. The interrelation of the process of development of creative industries with innovation development of regions has been defined. Prospects for development of creative industries in regions of Ukraine have been identified and directions of implementation of foreign experience have been suggested. Thus, strategic measures for the development of creative clusters can be the corresponding priorities of cultural policy in the regions, the development of specific projects and programs, the opening of art-incubators, the creation of a favorable investment climate, financial and tax incentives as conditions for interaction between creativity and business. The scale and dynamics of the world’s creative sector, which has a significant potential for growth and less vulnerability in financial-economic crises compared to the traditional sector, gives chance to high expectations for the development of creative industries in Ukraine as well.

  1. INNOVATIVE ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF STATE INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONTROL AND INTERNAL FINANCIAL AUDIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. P. Voronchenko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the innovative aspects of development of state internal fi nancial control and internal fi nancial audit in terms of the budgeting focused on result. A mechanism for implementing the functions of the Supervisory bodies in order to ensure the effi cient use of budgetary funds and eff ectiveness of budget expenditures. The main purpose of the article is justifi cation of implementing systems of internal fi nancial control and internal fi nancial audit in the structures of the major administrators and recipients of budgetary funds, with the allocation of the basic tools that ensure the functioning of the control mechanism, the combination of control procedures and sequence of their implementation. Methodological base of research is the generalization of domestic and foreign experience of internal fi nancial control and internal fi nancial audit, refl ecting an objective law and the necessity of development of state fi nancial control system in the conditions of innovative economy. The result of the implementation of the proposed mechanism and instruments for its implementation in key spending units and recipients of budget funds should be to ensure the eff ectiveness of the implementation of government programmes and projects. Signifi cance of the research contained in the article problems and their solutions is to ensure the effectiveness of the regulatory authorities at all stages of movement of budgetary funds and effective implementation of their Manager and recipient assigned to them socio-economic functions.

  2. Automotive mechatronic systems. General developments and examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isermann, R. [Technische Univ. Darmstadt (Germany). Inst. fuer Automatisierungstechnik, FG Regelungstechnik und Prozessautomatisierung

    2006-08-15

    Automobiles are showing an increasing integration of mechanics with digital electronics and information processing. This integration is between the components (hardware) and by the information-driven functions (software), resulting in integrated systems called mechatronic systems. Their development involves finding an optimal balance between the basic mechanical structure, sensor and actuator implementation, communication, automatic information processing and overall control. This contribution summarizes some ongoing developments for mechatronic systems in automobiles, shows design approaches and examples and considers the various embedded control functions and systems integrity. Some examples of automotive mechatronic systems are shown in more detail. Great progress can be observed in braking systems (ABS, ESP), the first brake-by-wire electro-hydraulic brake system (EHB), steering systems (electrical power steering, active front steering) and active suspension systems. (orig.)

  3. Challenges associated with knowledge sharing in international product development teams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne, Anne-Mette; Harmsen, Hanne

    on product development teams, knowledge sharing, and international product development management to form a conceptual framework of factors that influence knowledge sharing in international teams. Four in-depth case studies are used to explore and expand the understanding of the challenges associated...... with international product development teams. Results indicate that international product development might not be as international as would be expected and that even if many of the characteristics and problems associated with international product development in the literature are found, there are also a number...

  4. GENERAL TASKS OF MATHEMATICAL EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Testov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses basic implementation aspects of the Mathematical Education Development Concept, adopted by the Russian Government in 2013. According to the above document, the main problems of mathematical education include: low motivation of secondary and higher school students for studying the discipline, resulted from underestimation of mathematical knowledge; and outdated educational content, overloaded by technical elements. In the author’s opinion, a number of important new mathematical fields, developed over the last years, - the graph theory, discrete mathematics, encoding theory, fractal geometry, etc – have a large methodological and applied educational potential. However, these new subdisciplines have very little representation both in the secondary and higher school mathematical curricula. As a solution for overcoming the gap between the latest scientific achievements and pedagogical practices, the author recommends integration of the above mentioned mathematical disciplines in educational curricula instead of some outdated technical issues. In conclusion, the paper emphasizes the need for qualified mathematical teachers’ training for solving the problems of students’ motivation development and content updates.

  5. Archives: International Journal of Development and Policy Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Archives: International Journal of Development and Policy Studies. Journal Home > Archives: International Journal of Development and Policy Studies. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  6. International Journal of Development and Policy Studies: Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    International Journal of Development and Policy Studies: Journal Sponsorship. Journal Home > About the Journal > International Journal of Development and Policy Studies: Journal Sponsorship. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  7. General guidelines for safe and expeditious international transport of samples subjected to biological dosimetry assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Giorgio, Marina; Radl, Analía; Taja, María R; Bubniak, Ruth; Deminge, Mayra; Sapienza, Carla; Vázquez, Marina; Baciu, Florian; Kenny, Pat

    2014-06-01

    It has been observed that victims of accidental overexposures show better chance of survival if they receive medical treatment early. The increased risk of scenarios involving mass casualties has stimulated the scientific community to develop tools that would help the medical doctors to treat victims. The biological dosimetry has become a routine test to estimate the dose, supplementing physical and clinical dosimetry. In case of radiation emergencies, in order to provide timely and effectively biological dosimetry assistance it is essential to guarantee an adequate transport of blood samples in principal, for providing support to countries that do not have biodosimetry laboratories. The objective of the present paper is to provide general guidelines, summarised in 10 points, for timely and proper receiving and sending of blood samples under National and International regulations, for safe and expeditious international transport. These guidelines cover the classification, packaging, marking, labelling, refrigeration and documentation requirements for the international shipping of blood samples and pellets, to provide assistance missions with a tool that would contribute with the preparedness for an effective biodosimetric response in cases of radiological or nuclear emergencies. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Update in outpatient general internal medicine: practice-changing evidence published in 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundsted, Karna K; Wieland, Mark L; Szostek, Jason H; Post, Jason A; Mauck, Karen F

    2015-10-01

    The practice of outpatient general internal medicine requires a diverse and evolving knowledge base. General internists must identify practice-changing shifts in the literature and reflect on their impact. Accordingly, we conducted a review of practice-changing articles published in outpatient general internal medicine in 2014. To identify high-quality, clinically relevant publications, we reviewed all titles and abstracts published in the following primary data sources in 2014: New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Annals of Internal Medicine, JAMA Internal Medicine, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. All 2014 primary data summaries from Journal Watch-General Internal Medicine and ACP JournalWise also were reviewed. The authors used a modified Delphi method to reach consensus on inclusion of 8 articles using the following criteria: clinical relevance to outpatient internal medicine, potential for practice change, and strength of evidence. Clusters of important articles around one clinical question were considered as a single-candidate series. The article merits were debated until consensus was reached on the final 8, spanning a variety of topics commonly encountered in outpatient general internal medicine. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. International Law, Cultural Diversity, and The Environment: the Case of the General Forestry Law in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Bonilla-Maldonado, Daniel Eduardo; Universidad de los Andes

    2015-01-01

    International law has been repeatedly challenged for its exclusionary character and its imperial uses. These critiques describe many of its structures and dynamics in a precise manner. However, international law may be a useful instrument for protecting the legitimate interests of the States of the Global South in general, and of the distinct social and cultural groups that form them, in particular. Yet, in order to understand international law's potential for emancipation or social resistanc...

  10. [The rise and development of general dentistry in China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongchen

    2016-02-01

    General dentistry is an important part of the dental medicine and general dentists and general dentistry form the basis of clinical dental medicine. China's general dentistry has a long history, which started as an independent specialist in the 1990s. At present, the Chinese general dental medicine has received more and more attention as an independent profession. General dental medical model has been rapidly developed in the general hospital department of dentistry, private practice and community dentistry institutions, dental specialist hospitals and so on. In this paper, we will review the rise and development of China's general dentistry, and report its theoretical characteristics, institutional framework, academic progress, member development report, and look forward to its development in the future.

  11. Development in the Slovakia. General environmental science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In this chapter the basic of the environmental science and preservation of the natural memories; The protection of the nature and landscape; The protection of the forest; The protection of the trees growing outside of the forests, parks and gardens; The protection of free growing of species of plants; The protection of free living species of animals; The protection of animals and game law; The protection of fishes and fishery; The water protection, their balance and water farm; The health protection of the man (Radiation protection and nuclear safety is included); The veterinary ministration and protection of animals; The air protection and protection of the ozone layer; Wastes and waste management; The protection and agricultural use of soil; The protection and use of minerals; The protection of cultural heritage in the landscape; The territorial planning, building order and environmental rationalizing; The assessment of influences on the environment; The state fund of the environment; The state administration for the environment; The access to environmental information; The law about the environment and basic meanings of the environmentalism; The environmental terminology in the environmental law; The environmental terminology in the development and documents of environmental law are reviewed

  12. Facilitating Automation Development in Internal Logistics Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Granlund, Anna

    2014-01-01

    The internal logistics system includes all activities connected with managing the flow of materials within the physical limits of a facility. This system is an important part of operations in need of increased focus and continuous improvements. Automation is one possible tool with a previously confirmed great potential to improve internal logistics. Despite this great potential and a growing trend of using automation in the area, internal logistics activities are still not automated to the sa...

  13. Development of Web based system for individual internal monitoring programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lima, Vanessa Rogeria de

    2007-01-01

    The purposes of the internal monitoring, in general, are to verify and document that each worker is protected adequately against risks from radionuclide intakes and the protection complies with legal requirements. Therefore, an overall radiation protection programme, starts with an assessment to identify work situations in which there is a risk of internal contamination of workers and to quantify the likely intake of radioactive material and the resulting committed effective dose. As a part of a continuous improvement of the monitoring programme for occupationally exposed workers at IPEN, it is being developed a Web based system to access the internal dosimetry database. The system was implemented using Hypertext Preprocessor, PHP, and a PostgreSQL database. This system will introduce a new paradigm in the routine of the internal dosimetry service, providing a fast access to the information among the measurement laboratories staff, dose evaluation group and the radiation protection supervisor. The database maintains information about worker identification, physical and chemical characteristics of the radionuclide, type of monitoring, measurement data and the dose. Moreover, this information will be readily available to provide support for regulatory compliance and quality control requirements. (author)

  14. GLOBAL LOGISTICS AND INTERNATIONAL CHANNEL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fani Mateska

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Business Logistics and Supply Chain Management (SCM are relatively new terms that emerged in recent years concerning to be modern terms compared to the more traditional fields of production, marketing or finance. By opening new stores globally, from which to source products, by increasing the number of retailers, wholesalers, agents and distributers in the global supply chain, as well as easing global transport, these events dramatically changed the way business looked at managing its physical operations. Therefore, this paper offers deep understanding of the main characteristics, new trends and evaluation of global logistics which referred to as global supply chain management. Global logistics plays critical role in the growth and development of world trade, and in the integration of business operations on a worldwide scale. This paper also emphasizes the differences between traditional and global supply chains, by explaining several alternative types of distribution channels that are part of the international distribution channels. Also, real world examples of global organizations and their global supply chain management processes are accurately described in the end of this paper.

  15. Search Results | Page 10 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 91 - 100 of 8523 ... ... to inform climate policy, negotiations and implementation in Latin America ... body searching for ways of building international climate agreements ... in science, technology, engineering and mathematics careers in ... and international organizations to address challenges faced by ... Knowledge.

  16. Search Results | Page 33 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 321 - 330 of 374 ... Negotiations around intellectual property rights (IPR) are increasingly a key factor in international trade and an important item on the international ... Private funding - including out-of-pocket expenditure - is a considerable source of health financing in Latin America, where families can face economic ...

  17. Developing an International Assessment of Global Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piacentini, Mario

    2017-01-01

    In 2014, an international, interdisciplinary group of experts came together under the auspices of the PISA Governing Board to consider a novel question: can an international assessment evaluate, the global competence of 15-year-old students? The experts recognized the need for data to understand how well students are prepared for life in…

  18. Search | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Social exclusion, poor economic opportunities, restrictive gender roles, and lack of access to basic services for certain groups are some of the main factors ... Canadian International Food Security Research Fund | IDRC ... The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (CIFSRF) invests in scaling up solutions that ...

  19. Development in Children's Thinking about International Trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schug, Mark C.; Lephardt, Noreen

    1992-01-01

    Presents study results of how children reason about international trade. Explains that open ended questions were posed to students in grades 1-11 asking why nations trade, the benefits of trade, and their understanding of barriers to trade. Concludes that teaching fundamentals of international trade can be introduced as early as grade six. (DK)

  20. "A strong competition" | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Each scholar has been guided by at least one Chinese and one international mentor, who work closely with them as they produce a paper of original scholarship, written in English for international audiences. In all cases, the young scholars either address new research questions or take a fresh approach to familiar topics ...

  1. Search Results | Page 5 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 41 - 50 of 282 ... ... Food, Environment, and Health 198 Apply Food, Environment, and ... International Research Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change 5 ... Reduction of Gender and Institutional Violence against Mesoamerican Migrant Women ... of sexual violence, according to reports from Amnesty International.

  2. Developing organizational structures for international marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan Cucu

    2002-01-01

    International marketing represents marketing activities performed across national boundaries. The level of involvement in international marketing can range from casual exporting to globalization of markets. Although most firms adjust their marketing mixes for differences in target markets, some firms are able to standardize their marketing efforts worldwide

  3. Search Results | Page 3 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 21 - 30 of 58 ... ... Sciences filter · Canadian International Food Security Research Fund 1 ... Final technical report for Nigeria / International Remittances, Poverty and ... This applied action research project aimed at studying the possible ... providing cheaper medicine: "citizen geeks" think they can change people's lives ...

  4. Publications | Page 373 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3721 - 3730 of 6384 ... Is anyone listening to the Haitians? Within hours of Haiti's devastating earthquake in January, Reconstruction International Inc. was flying to the rescue. Reconstruction International Inc. is an alphabet soup of United Nations (UN) agencies, North American and Western.

  5. Development of international organizations in the context of evolution of global political system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M A Kaverin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses general regularities of development of international organizations. Dynamics of international organizations is described with the equation of biological populations’ growth and is related to the evolution of international multilateral law and world development parameters. As the result of the research, the evolution of global political system is represented with the system of international governance based on the multilateral mechanisms and the model of social structures’ types. The transformations in the system of international organizations partially confirm the hypothesis of emerging World-organism.

  6. Search Results | Page 853 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8521 - 8530 of 8531 ... Shainoor Khoja. Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders to identify opportunities using technology and innovative business models to build capacity and scale. Profile.

  7. Search Results | Page 6 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 51 - 60 of 292 ... Filter by type .... Know Violence in Childhood – India: Advocacy, communication and media engagement ... on their way through Mexico are victims of sexual violence, according to reports from Amnesty International.

  8. Search Results | Page 714 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ICT) used locally strengthens both individuals and their communities. ... prior to the global conferences of the International Competition Network, ... growth of collaborative spaces (Web 2.0) and social networking sites.

  9. Search Results | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 101 - 110 of 201 ... Filter by topic ... In March 2007, IDRC's Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC) hosted an ... Assessment of Physical Activity and Active Transport Among School Children in Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique.

  10. Search Results | Page 122 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Impact of EPZs on poverty reduction and trade facilitation in Sri Lanka ... Labour productivity and export performance : firm-level evidence from Indian ... (SPS) standards are on the rise, distorting international trade in the agriculture sector.

  11. Search Results | Page 759 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7581 - 7590 of 8491 ... Potato farming becomes healthier in Ecuador. Research in Action. Disease control Ecohealth Health systems HIV/AIDS Immunization International cooperation Policy and regulations ...

  12. Search Results | Page 75 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 741 - 750 of 875 ... Policy Influence and Urban Slums in Latin America : Ecohealth International Workshop. IDRC's Ecosystem Approaches to Human Health (Ecohealth) program initiative has been active in Latin America and the Caribbean for the past eight years. Project.

  13. Search Results | Page 842 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8411 - 8420 of 8496 ... Land Tenure, Gender, and Globalization: Research and Analysis from ... Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India ... the results of an international initiative to document the effects of how health systems ...

  14. Search Results | Page 779 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7781 - 7790 of 9602 ... Land Tenure, Gender, and Globalization: Research and Analysis from ... Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India ... the results of an international initiative to document the effects of how health systems ...

  15. Publications | Page 363 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3621 - 3630 of 6341 ... Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India ... results of an international initiative to document the effects of how health systems in ... Natural Resource Management: The Impact of Gender and Social Issues.

  16. Publications | Page 385 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3841 - 3850 of 7327 ... Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India ... results of an international initiative to document the effects of how health systems in ... Natural Resource Management: The Impact of Gender and Social Issues.

  17. Search Results | Page 842 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8411 - 8420 of 8491 ... Globalization, Labor Markets and Inequality in India ... results of an international initiative to document the effects of how health systems in ... Natural Resource Management: The Impact of Gender and Social Issues.

  18. Search Results | Page 175 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC) : Program Strategy 2005-2010 ... that mangrove wetlands and other thick coastal vegetation served to reduce loss of ... Integrated Strategy for Water Pollution Reduction in Yorito (Honduras).

  19. Search Results | Page 738 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7371 - 7380 of 9596 ... Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC) : Program ... loss of life and property by providing a natural shield or barrier. Project. -. Integrated Strategy for Water Pollution Reduction in Yorito (Honduras).

  20. Search Results | Page 174 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Research for International Tobacco Control (RITC) : Program Strategy 2005-2010 ... that mangrove wetlands and other thick coastal vegetation served to reduce loss of ... Integrated Strategy for Water Pollution Reduction in Yorito (Honduras).

  1. Search Results | Page 2 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 11 - 20 of 52 ... Journal articles ... Final report / International Remittances, Poverty and Inequality : The West African Case ... of remittances from migrants in Ghana, Ivory Coast and Nigeria on poverty reduction and economic growth.

  2. Search Results | Page 27 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2017-08-29

    Aug 29, 2017 ... In Africa, agricultural extension services have the potential to grow markets and ... Food security AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH Gender ... The International Community-University Research Alliance program (ICURA) is a joint ...

  3. Publications | Page 259 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Use this search tool to locate a specific publication for your field of research. ... from a local treatment plant is being used for supplemental irrigation of cereal crops, ... generation of water leaders" (NGWL) by the International Water Resources.

  4. Search Results | Page 74 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 731 - 740 of 875 ... Gender Sensitive Research for Tobacco Control in Brazil. While there is ... Environmental and Health Impacts of Floriculture in Ecuador - Phase II ... Gender, International Law and Justice : Access to Gender Equality.

  5. Associate Director | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... funding from another donor or social investor;; Is responsible for the Program team's and IDRC's contacts ... Primary Duties or Responsibilities ... Maintains individual and corporate leadership positions internationally in the Program's area of ...

  6. Search Results | Page 61 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 601 - 610 of 8518 ... Filter by topic .... The research identifies a loophole in existing international legal framework, which relates ... Within an exceptionally uncertain and dynamic vulnerability context this thesis advances proposals from the ...

  7. Search Results | Page 21 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 201 - 210 of 8517 ... HOST PARASITE RELATIONSHIPS NUTRITION POLICY ... as well as in the Office of the Vice-President, Resources. ... An international research team aims to protect human health and the environment by improving ...

  8. Search Results | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 221 - 230 of 260 ... Gender, International Law and Justice : Access to Gender Equality ... on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the ... Palestinian women and girls account for over half of the Arab ...

  9. Publications | Page 424 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 4231 - 4240 of 6341 ... Visit the IDRC Digital Library now. ... through research, capacity building, communications, international relations and, most recently. ... with suppliers, food processing and marketing firms, and rural entrepreneurs.

  10. Search Results | Page 720 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7191 - 7200 of 9175 ... This book is intended to assist both external and internal efforts to ... "information revolution," and "information economy" are used routinely to illustrate ... Urban agriculture, it is argued, can reduce this dependency.

  11. Search Results | Page 762 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7611 - 7620 of 9601 ... This book is intended to assist both external and internal efforts to ... "information revolution," and "information economy" are used routinely to illustrate ... Urban agriculture, it is argued, can reduce this dependency.

  12. Publications | Page 340 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3391 - 3400 of 6388 ... This book is intended to assist both external and internal efforts to ... "information revolution," and "information economy" are used routinely to illustrate ... Urban agriculture, it is argued, can reduce this dependency.

  13. Search Results | Page 852 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8511 - 8519 of 8519 ... Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders to identify opportunities using technology and innovative business models to build capacity and scale. Profile.

  14. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 81 - 90 of 8492 ... ... Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (185) Apply Canadian ... Empowering Palestinian girls through digital learning innovations in STEM fields ... Targeting senescence cells in pancreatic cancer.

  15. Search Results | Page 850 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Scott Gilmore. Scott is a social entrepreneur and writer. He is a columnist for Maclean's magazine and the President of Anchor Chain, which helps small businesses in frontier markets connect to investment and international supply chains. Profile ...

  16. Search Results | Page 17 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-01-01

    Results 161 - 170 of 870 ... FDI in Brazil : recent trends and the role of Canadian investment. Published date. January 1, 2010. Papers. BRAZIL INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS GREENHOUSE EFFECT EMISSION CONTROL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY Climate change ARGENTINA ...

  17. Search Results | Page 64 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 631 - 640 of 8519 ... Quantifying the direct and indirect effects of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) ... open economy models to study international trade transmission, the ... towards creating a low cost, user-friendly risk mapping system that ...

  18. Search Results | Page 159 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Quantifying the direct and indirect effects of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) on ... quantitative open economy models to study international trade transmission, the ... cost, user-friendly risk mapping system that can be used in any community.

  19. Search Results | Page 72 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 711 - 720 of 8584 ... Quantifying the direct and indirect effects of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) ... open economy models to study international trade transmission, the ... towards creating a low cost, user-friendly risk mapping system that ...

  20. Search Results | Page 18 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Filter by project status. Closed 288 Apply Closed filter · Active 70 Apply Active filter · Completed 11 Apply Completed filter. Showing 171 - 180 of 875 results. Papers. BRAZIL INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS GREENHOUSE EFFECT EMISSION CONTROL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY Climate change ARGENTINA ...

  1. Publications | Page 131 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Politics, power and gender justice in the Anglophone Caribbean : women's ... and its implications for internal migration in Northeast India with special reference to the ... are needed to address material and ideological relations of gender, and.

  2. Search Results | Page 66 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 651 - 660 of 902 ... The Canadian Association for the Study of International ... Institutional Support to Latin American Policy Research Organizations ... content and administration of family law in the Caribbean, and to facilitate integration ...

  3. Search Results | Page 24 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 231 - 240 of 374 ... The Canadian Association for the Study of International ... Institutional Support to Latin American Policy Research Organizations ... content and administration of family law in the Caribbean, and to facilitate integration ...

  4. Search Results | Page 841 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8401 - 8410 of 8492 ... International Partnerships for Sustainable Societies. As globalization, the communications revolution, global warming, and other forces reshape our world, we face opportunities and challenges with multiple social, economic, environmental, and cultural dimensions. Initiative ...

  5. Search Results | Page 853 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Scott Gilmore. Scott is a social entrepreneur and writer. He is a columnist for Maclean's magazine and the President of Anchor Chain, which helps small businesses in frontier markets connect to investment and international supply chains. Profile.

  6. Search Results | Page 854 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Scott Gilmore. Scott is a social entrepreneur and writer. He is a columnist for Maclean's magazine and the President of Anchor Chain, which helps small businesses in frontier markets connect to investment and international supply chains. Profile.

  7. Search Results | Page 22 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 211 - 220 of 902 ... Towards an international institutional law of information ... This text presents a critique of the version of the Colombian conflict constructed by Law 1448 ... degrading environment focus mainly on increasing crop yields, ...

  8. Search Results | Page 4 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 31 - 40 of 1119 ... Canadian International Food Security Research Fund - Phase II. In 2009 ... These communities are undergoing rapid social and economic changes. ... FARM TO FORK NUTRITION DIET Food security SCHOOL MEALS ...

  9. Search Results | Page 852 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8511 - 8518 of 8518 ... Shainoor Khoja. Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders to identify opportunities using technology and innovative business models to build capacity and scale. Profile.

  10. Ending violence against women | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2012-11-13

    Nov 13, 2012 ... Investigating and understanding gender power structures is an important ... Viewing women as knowledge bearers, rather than as victims, shifts .... and not act on internal anti-women biases when women are seeking justice.

  11. Search Results | Page 4 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 31 - 40 of 1310 ... It discusses risks and challenges when implementing open data initiatives. ... Presentation at the 2014 International Food Security Dialogue held ... age, largely based on findings from the Fish on Farms baseline survey.

  12. Search Results | Page 6 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 51 - 60 of 1366 ... Presentation at the 2014 International Food Security Dialogue held in ... age, largely based on findings from the Fish on Farms baseline survey. ... Communicating climate change risks for adaptation in coastal and delta ...

  13. Search Results | Page 169 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Unemployment is one of the main economic, social and political problems facing ... through simple resource-based activities: oil, minerals, tourism and labour migrati. Project. -. Creating an International Network of Democracy Builders.

  14. Search Results | Page 27 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 261 - 270 of 282 ... Gender, International Law and Justice : Access to Gender Equality ... Culture and the Exercise of Decision Making by Women in West Africa ... in economic, political and social decision-making, and weak participation.

  15. Search Results | Page 30 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 291 - 300 of 8491 ... Reduction of Gender and Institutional Violence against Mesoamerican Migrant Women. Six out of ten Central American women on their way through Mexico are victims of sexual violence, according to reports from Amnesty International. Project.

  16. Publications | Page 334 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3331 - 3340 of 6389 ... Women in Arab countries are making human rights history as they ... access to information and actively involving them in decision-making. ... the international community into giving more and more attention to the ...

  17. Rethinking evaluation | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-10-06

    Oct 6, 2010 ... But in a rapidly changing world, how should evaluation methods ... panel discussion at Carleton University hosted by the International ... Public Service Commission, also reflected on the changes triggered by globalization.

  18. Publications | Page 21 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 201 - 210 of 6341 ... ... which follows the troubled lives of an internally displaced family in Pakistan, won the ... Addressing unpaid care for economic empowerment of women and girls : a ... Greening South America, one business at a time.

  19. Procurement Officer | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... which involves exercising sound judgement, flexibility and the application of previous ... Plans and organizes the logistics required to safely and efficiently ship client's ... risks, and costs associated with domestic and international shipments;.

  20. Search Results | Page 840 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8391 - 8400 of 8517 ... Journal articles ... KNOW-HOW TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ASIA Innovation INDUSTRIAL ... ECONOMY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY ... Canadian agricultural research in international food security ...

  1. Search Results | Page 43 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 421 - 430 of 8492 ... ... Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (186) Apply ... Do researchers and marketing companies agree on what is needed? IDRC awardees. Investigating the pros and cons of digital technologies.

  2. Empowering women | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2018-03-08

    Mar 8, 2018 ... In recognition of International Women's Day 2018, IDRC proudly reaffirms its proven ... and girls to equal opportunity, and to lead lives free of violence and discrimination. ... Perspectives on gender and women's empowerment.

  3. Christel Binnie | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Her experience in communications and marketing spans the government, ... in international management and marketing, both from the University of Ottawa, as well as diplomas in business administration and translation from Germany.

  4. Gender | Page 179 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... et font connaître des solutions pratiques pour la culture des légumineuses à ... Language French ... Language French ... Language French ... Language French ... A project supported by the Canadian International Food Security Research ...

  5. Search Results | Page 849 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8481 - 8490 of 8494 ... He joined IDRC as Executive Director of the Environmental Management Secretariat. ... Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with ...

  6. Search Results | Page 845 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8441 - 8450 of 8494 ... Our chance to share the results of our work with Canadians and to ... structure, robust management processes, effective systems, and internal controls. ... as required under Canada's Financial Administration Act.

  7. Publications | Page 18 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 171 - 180 of 6381 ... Journal articles. Papers. Reports. Studies. Training materials ... There have been many calls internationally over the past decade to ... Africa has achieved impressive economic growth in the past 15 years; from 2001 ...

  8. Manager, Technology Services | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Manager, Technology Services (TS) manages IT operations and technical support. ... while ensuring high levels of customer service quality and availability. .... Represents the division and Centre during internal and external meetings, ...

  9. Translator/Revisor | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    On request, performs quality control of texts translated or written by clients or ... of the Official Languages Act, the IDRC Translation Unit provides service for the ... Resources and Communications documents for the purposes of internal and ...

  10. Search Results | Page 793 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7921 - 7930 of 9604 ... Understanding how emergencies affect internal migration in Costa Rica ... health care (PHC) is often of poor quality and delivered unevenly. ... to provide equal access to services across multiple subsystems.

  11. Director, Grant Administration | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... and provides a service that brings together three inter-related determinants: the ... grant administration employees to ensure that quality support is provided in ... of internal controls pertaining to all project-related transactions in the Centre.

  12. Research Support Technician | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    S/he provides comprehensive document delivery and reference services. ... orientation on IRSS services;; Provides on-demand user instruction to internal and external clients ... In order to improve the value and quality of IRSS service delivery:.

  13. Search Results | Page 822 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8211 - 8220 of 8491 ... Our Continent, Our Future: African Perspectives on Structural Adjustment ... Regional Integration in West Africa: Proceedings of the International Conference ... More than 30 years after many West African countries ...

  14. Search Results | Page 852 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8511 - 8520 of 8522 ... Shainoor Khoja. Shainoor is Managing Director of Better Business Enterprise Ltd, a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders to identify opportunities using technology and innovative business models to build capacity and scale. Profile.

  15. Search Results | Page 578 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 5771 - 5780 of 9604 ... Canadian International Food Security Research Fund (CIFSRF) ... including possible business models and business case proposals. ... The social learning approach taken by the Jongphambili Sinethemba ...

  16. Search Results | Page 19 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 181 - 190 of 870 ... ... 91 Apply POLICY MAKING filter · INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY .... The linkages between research and policy in the Caribbean are ... Journal articles ... link between indicators, international institutions and the law?

  17. Search Results | Page 130 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... to support Canada's role in the multilateral peace process in the Middle East ... Previous IDRC-funded research, as well as the relevant literature, indicates that ... key agenda-setting bodies if international governance mechanisms are to be ...

  18. Search Results | Page 24 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 231 - 240 of 8531 ... Perspectives ... Supporting women's leadership in science, technology, and ... An international research team aims to protect human health and the environment by improving agricultural practices in four Asian ...

  19. The CHIP surveys | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-07-08

    Jul 8, 2011 ... Many of the young scholars relied on data generated by the China Household Income Project (CHIP), a collaboration between Chinese and international economists that has tracked inequality in China for the past 20 years.

  20. Search Results | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 101 - 110 of 257 ... This grant will help the Norman Paterson School of International ... Understanding Southern Influence in Cyberspace Security and ... Beyond Social Protection: Labour Markets, Entrepreneurship, and Gender Equality.

  1. Search Results | Page 832 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8311 - 8320 of 8494 ... ... and gender have become subjects of intense political and social struggl ... International right-to-health standards for the availability, accessibility, ... rural women, and such practices as child marriage, and women'.

  2. International experience of green development in Western China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhen, Lin; Hu, Jie; Du, Bingzhen; Liu, Jiyuan; Sun, Chuanzhun; Wu, Ruizi; Long, Xin; Zhang, Qiang

    2015-01-01

    Green development emphasizes co-development between economic and environmental dimensions, and is a peoplecentered sustainable development approach. Western China demands green development, and international experience could provide necessary, unique and important help and support for Western

  3. Strenghtening local curricular capacity in international development cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vis, C.K.S.

    2017-01-01

    Many curriculum development interventions carried out in international development cooperation lack sustainable outcomes, often as a result of a too narrow focus on curriculum and its development. Implementation of effective and encompassing approaches with an aligned focus on capacity development

  4. Development of international regulation of intellectual property

    OpenAIRE

    Schmitz Vaccaro, Christian

    2013-01-01

    In recent years we have seen a true internationalization of intellectual property laws. So today one can easily familiarize with foreign laws on intellectual property, due to their increasing uniformity and homogeneity. This is the result of numerous international treaties and two international organizations. At the multilateral level, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) administers 24 treaties on intellectual property, and for its part, the World Trade Organization (WTO) is i...

  5. Development of international law concerning nuclear liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ifflaender, G.; Kantner, G.

    1979-01-01

    A short overview is given of the most important international conventions relating to civil liability for damage to, or loss of, life of persons or property, caused by nuclear incidents during the operation of stationary and non-stationary nuclear installations or transport of nuclear material. In accord with the international provisions, in the German Democratic Republic too, nuclear operators are exclusively liable for such damage unless it has been caused intentionally by the injury party. (author)

  6. Nanotechnology for potable water and general consumption in developing countries

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hillie, T

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available that affect people in developing and developed countries. The challenges outlined are; poor governance, water scarcity, sanitation and climate change. Nanotechnology is sufficiently advanced to help provide potable water and water for general assumption...

  7. All projects related to | Page 536 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY, ACCESS ... Building a Cross-sectoral, Multi-sectoral, Gender-sensitive Approach to ... in international trade and an important item on the international development agenda.

  8. All projects related to | Page 522 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Region: Argentina, South America, Peru, Uruguay, North and Central America ... Topic: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, WOMEN'S RIGHTS, Gender ... Negotiations around intellectual property rights (IPR) are increasingly a key factor in international trade and an important item on the international development agenda.

  9. German National Proficiency Scales in Biology: Internal Structure, Relations to General Cognitive Abilities and Verbal Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    KÖLLER, OLAF

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT National and international large‐scale assessments (LSA) have a major impact on educational systems, which raises fundamental questions about the validity of the measures regarding their internal structure and their relations to relevant covariates. Given its importance, research on the validity of instruments specifically developed for LSA is still sparse, especially in science and its subdomains biology, chemistry, and physics. However, policy decisions for the improvement of educational quality based on LSA can only be helpful if valid information on students’ achievement levels is provided. In the present study, the nature of the measurement instruments based on the German Educational Standards in Biology is examined. On the basis of data from 3,165 students in Grade 10, we present dimensional analyses and report the relationship between different subdimensions of biology literacy and cognitive covariates such as general cognitive abilities and verbal skills. A theory‐driven two‐dimensional model fitted the data best. Content knowledge and scientific inquiry, two subdimensions of biology literacy, are highly correlated and show differential correlational patterns to the covariates. We argue that the underlying structure of biology should be incorporated into curricula, teacher training and future assessments. PMID:27818532

  10. International sources of financial cooperation for health in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, L M

    1983-01-01

    By direct consulation and review of published sources, a study of 16 selected official sources of international financial cooperation was conducted over the August 1979 to August 1980 period in order to assess the policies, programs, and prospects for support of established international health goals. This study demonstrated that approximately 90% of the external health sector funds are provided via development oriented agencies. The major agencies providing such assistance concur that no sector, including health, should be excluded "a priori," providing that the requesting nation conveys its proposals through the appropriate national development planning authority. The agencies in the study also were found to be supporting health related programs in all the geographic regions of the World Health Organization (WHO). An associated review of 30 external funding agencies revealed that only 5 reported providing health assistance in more than half of the countries where they provided assistance for general development purposes. Interviewed sources attributed this to the limited manner in which health proposals have been identified, prepared, and forwarded (with national development authority approval) to international agencies. In 1979 concessional development financing totaled approximately US$29.9 billion, US$24.2 billion being provided by 17 major industrial nations, US$4.7 billion by Organization of Petroleum Exporting (OPEC) countries, and less than US$1 billion by the countries of Eastern Europe. Approximately 2/3 of such concessional financing is administered bilaterally, only 1/3 passing through multilateral institutions. UN agencies receive only 12% of these total concessional development financing resources. In 1979, concessional funding for health totaled approximately US$3 billion, approximately 1/10 of which was administered by WHO and its regional offices. It is anticipated that future international funding for health in developing countries will continue

  11. Early experience in establishing and evaluating an ACGME-approved international general surgery rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarpley, Margaret; Hansen, Erik; Tarpley, John L

    2013-01-01

    In 2011, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Surgery Residency Review Committee first provided guidelines for elective international general surgery rotations. The Vanderbilt general surgery residency program received Surgery Residency Review Committee approval for a fourth-year elective in Kenya beginning in the 2011-2012 academic year. Because this rotation would break ground culturally and geographically, and as an educational partnership, a briefing and debriefing process was developed for this ground-breaking year. Our objectives were to prepare residents to maximize the experience without competing for cases with local trainees or overburdening the host institution and to perform continuous quality assessment and improvement as each resident returned back. Briefing included health protection strategies, a procedures manual containing step-by-step preparation activities, and cultural-sensitivity training. Institutional Review Board exemption approval was obtained to administer a questionnaire created for returning residents concerning educational value, relations with local trainees, physical environment, and personal perceptions that would provide the scaffold for the debriefing conference. The questionnaire coupled with the debriefing discussion for the first 9 participants revealed overall satisfaction with the rotation and the briefing process, good health, and no duty hours or days-off issues. Other findings include the following: (1) emotional effect of observing African families weigh cost in medical decision making; (2) satisfactory access to educational resources; (3) significant exposure to specialties such as urology and radiology; and (4) toleration of 4 weeks as a single and expressed need for leisure activity materials such as books, DVDs, or games. The responses triggered adjustments in the briefing sessions and travel preparation. The host institution invited the residents to return for the 2012-2013 year as well as 2013

  12. GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING THE RELATION INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY BUSINESS VERSUS HUMAN RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speriusi-Vlad Alin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Today, the intellectual property protection is no longer an absolute social and legal that justifies adoption of any measures necessary to protect it. Initially seen as the prerequisite for sustainable development, implementation of new technologies, and encouragement of international trade, the intellectual property, especially prior to ACTA (Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement international trial implementation, and also thereafter, was increasingly identified as a source of violation of fundamental rights and civil liberties, i.e. the right to protection of personal data, the right to privacy, freedom to send and receive information freedom of information, freedom to contract, and freedom to carry out economic activities (freedom of commerce. As far as international trade transactions have often a component of intellectual property that requires to be protected, it is necessary to identify the landmarks, the rules establishing de facto limits in order to protect the intellectual property without risk of infringement of fundamental rights and civil liberties of other persons, in particular users or potential users of goods and services incorporating intellectual property. The best guidelines in this regard may be provided by the CJEU (Court of Justice of the European Union case-law both due to its reasoning underlying the decision of the Parliament to reject ACTA ratification and the fact that the case-law of this Court, especially the most recent one, is highly complex and nuanced, not denying in any way the importance of intellectual property, and identifying certain cases where their primacy persist and whose analysis leads to laying down some general rules in the field.

  13. Looking beyond general metrics for model comparison - lessons from an international model intercomparison study

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boer-Euser, Tanja; Bouaziz, Laurène; De Niel, Jan; Brauer, Claudia; Dewals, Benjamin; Drogue, Gilles; Fenicia, Fabrizio; Grelier, Benjamin; Nossent, Jiri; Pereira, Fernando; Savenije, Hubert; Thirel, Guillaume; Willems, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    International collaboration between research institutes and universities is a promising way to reach consensus on hydrological model development. Although model comparison studies are very valuable for international cooperation, they do often not lead to very clear new insights regarding the relevance of the modelled processes. We hypothesise that this is partly caused by model complexity and the comparison methods used, which focus too much on a good overall performance instead of focusing on a variety of specific events. In this study, we use an approach that focuses on the evaluation of specific events and characteristics. Eight international research groups calibrated their hourly model on the Ourthe catchment in Belgium and carried out a validation in time for the Ourthe catchment and a validation in space for nested and neighbouring catchments. The same protocol was followed for each model and an ensemble of best-performing parameter sets was selected. Although the models showed similar performances based on general metrics (i.e. the Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency), clear differences could be observed for specific events. We analysed the hydrographs of these specific events and conducted three types of statistical analyses on the entire time series: cumulative discharges, empirical extreme value distribution of the peak flows and flow duration curves for low flows. The results illustrate the relevance of including a very quick flow reservoir preceding the root zone storage to model peaks during low flows and including a slow reservoir in parallel with the fast reservoir to model the recession for the studied catchments. This intercomparison enhanced the understanding of the hydrological functioning of the catchment, in particular for low flows, and enabled to identify present knowledge gaps for other parts of the hydrograph. Above all, it helped to evaluate each model against a set of alternative models.

  14. International co-operation in developing the GT-MHR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    La Bar, M.P.; Simon, W.A.

    1997-01-01

    In the Fall of 1995, driven by budget constraints and anti-nuclear sentiments, the US government decided to discontinue financial support of the Gas Turbine-Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR). At that time, significant work was underway with participation of several vendors with specialized expertise in various aspects of the GT-MHR. Fortunately the US government provided for documenting the design and development status through an orderly close-out program. Concurrent elimination of government restrictions opened the door for broader international cooperation. Discussion between General Atomics and the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (MINATOM), in the summer of 1994, led to an agreement on a jointly funded design and development program for the GT-MHR. The program is initially focused on the burning of weapons plutonium that becomes available from dismantled nuclear weapons. The long term goal is to utilize the same design for commercial applications - using uranium fuel. This program took advantage of existing technologies and facilities in the US and Russia, but right from the beginning left the door open for broader international cooperation. Accordingly, in January 1996, FRAMATOME has joined the ongoing effort. Discussions are underway with other international entities to join this program. The program is proceeding well. Several Russian laboratories/design organizations are participating with GA and FRAMATOME. Significant improvements in the power conversion system design are a clear example of the benefit of the cooperative effort. Further work needs to be done to confirm fuel and components prior to full deployment, etc., providing ample opportunities for international cooperation in many areas

  15. International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability: Disability Inclusive Development and International Development Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozue Kay Nagata

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a historical momentum for disabled persons and their associates, as well as ODA workers in the development cooperation field all over the world. For the last two decades, persons with disabilities, their associates and professionals working in this field have promoted their human rights, equality, nondiscrimination and full participation. This Convention is beyond the concept of non-discrimination, and it is very comprehensive in its structure, scope and coverage, promoting developmental activities too in order to realize disabled people’s socio-economic rights. Furthermore it calls for international and regional development cooperation. Prior to its adoption, in September 2000 at the Millennium Summit the Member States of the Untied Nations issued the Millennium Declaration, committing themselves to a series of development targets, most of which are to be achieved by 2015. Known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs, they represent a framework for achieving sustainable and "just" human development through broadening the benefits of development for all categories individuals, women and men, the poor and the rich, the disabled and the non-disabled. The very first goal of the MDG is the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger. Poverty is both a cause and consequence of disability. Poverty and disability reinforce one another. Thus, it is necessary to ensure that persons with disabilities be an integral part of efforts to achieve MDGs, particularly in the areas of poverty alleviation, primary education, gender, employment and international development cooperation. In the Asian and Pacific region, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP has proclaimed two decades of disabled persons 1993-2002, and 2003-2013 (to which Iran became a signatory in 1994, and promoted the inclusive, barrier-free and rights

  16. Development of web based system for internal monitoring programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Vanessa R. de; Rodrigues Junior, Orlando; Todo, Alberto S. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: vrlima@ipen.br; rodrijr@ipen.br; astodo@ipen.br

    2007-07-01

    The purposes of monitoring in general are to verify and to document that each worker is protected adequately against risks from radionuclide intakes and the protection complies with legal requirements. Therefore, it forms part of the overall radiation protection programme, which starts with an assessment to identify work situations in which there is a risk of internal contamination of workers and to quantify the likely intake of radioactive material and the resulting committed effective dose. As a part of a continuous improvement of the monitoring programme for occupationally exposed workers at IPEN, it is being developed a Web based system to access the internal dosimetry database. The system was implemented using Hypertext Preprocessor, PHP, and a PostgreSQL database. This system will introduce a new paradigm in the routine of the internal dosimetry service, providing a fast access to the information among the measurement laboratories staff, dose evaluation group and the radiation protection supervisor. The database maintains information about worker identification, physical and chemical characteristics of the radionuclide, type of monitoring, measurement data and the dose. Moreover, this information will be readily available to provide support for regulatory compliance and quality control requirements. (author)

  17. Views of the Scottish general public on community pharmacy weight management services: international implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weidmann, Anita Elaine; Cunningham, Scott; Gray, Gwen; Hansford, Denise; Bermano, Giovanna; Stewart, Derek

    2012-04-01

    Obesity has reached pandemic levels, with more than 1.5 billion adults being affected worldwide. In Scotland two-thirds of men and more than half of women are either overweight or obese, placing Scotland overall third behind the United States of America and Mexico. All community pharmacies in Scotland are contracted to provide public health services such as smoking cessation and there is increasing interest in their contribution to weight management. Researching this area in Scotland may provide valuable information to facilitate the development of community pharmacy services in other parts of the UK and internationally. To describe the views of the Scottish general public on the provision of weight management services via community pharmacies. General public in Scotland. A cross-sectional postal questionnaire survey of 6,000 randomly selected members of the Scottish general public aged 18 years and over. Views on community pharmacy led weight management services. Questionnaires were returned by 20.6% (n = 1,236). Over half 60.1% (n = 751) agreed or strongly agreed that they had easy access to pharmacy services in general and around one-third agreed (35%; n = 438) that it was more convenient to obtain weight management advice from a pharmacist than it is to make an appointment with a GP. Most respondents however lacked awareness of the types of health services available through community pharmacy (13.2%; n = 162) and would not feel comfortable speaking to a pharmacist or medicines counter assistant about weight related issues (25%; n = 320). Concerns over privacy (47.3%; n = 592) and perceived lack of pharmacists' specialist knowledge (open comments) were identified as potential barriers to service uptake by the general public. Overall, respondents appear to be receptive to the idea of accessing weight management services through community pharmacy but a perceived lack of privacy, poor knowledge of pharmacists' skill level and of public health services available to

  18. Search Results | Page 845 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8441 - 8450 of 8491 ... Risk management and audit. We reduce risk via a sound governance structure, robust management processes, effective systems, and internal controls. Webpage. Evaluation. Evaluations ensure we use public funds effectively, assess the results of our work, and learn as an organization.

  19. Climate Change | Page 38 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This book represents the best modern innovative thinking on the topic and symbolizes an important turning point in the history of wastewater use in irrigation as a major ... In collaboration with scientists from the Kenya Meteorological Department and the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, the institute has ...

  20. Climate Change | Page 45 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This book represents the best modern innovative thinking on the topic and symbolizes an important turning point in the history of wastewater use in irrigation as a major ... In collaboration with scientists from the Kenya Meteorological Department and the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, the institute has ...

  1. Mountain prophecies | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-12-23

    Dec 23, 2010 ... ... of 2002 as the International Year of Mountains may seem an unlikely choice. ... streams) is begging new questions about how best to preserve this crucial ... In addition, there are the ever-looming hazards of avalanches, ...

  2. Search Results | Page 10 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 91 - 100 of 8491 ... Building research capacity for inclusive public finance in Myanmar ... a new initiative, Knowledge for Democracy Myanmar (K4DM), ... in science, technology, engineering and mathematics careers in ... and international organizations to address challenges faced by ... Careers · Contact Us · Site map.

  3. Search Results | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-04-23

    Results 221 - 230 of 875 ... The International Barcode of Life (iBOL) project, received a funding boost of $35 million from Canadian agencies for a 26-nation effort to collect specimens, sequence their DNA, and build an informatics platform using digital bar codes to store an. Published date. April 23, 2010. Journal articles.

  4. Search Results | Page 8 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 71 - 80 of 650 ... Global Administrative Law: Improving Inter-institutional Connections in Global and National Regulatory Governance ... This grant will help the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University (Ottawa) publish three volumes of Canada Among Nations (CAN), described as the ...

  5. Search Results | Page 656 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 6551 - 6560 of 9602 ... Filter by type .... Reducing Vulnerability to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Kenya. While much national and international attention has focused on the rise in post-electoral violence in Kenya since the 1990s, ...

  6. Search Results | Page 29 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 281 - 290 of 657 ... Filter by type .... Reducing Vulnerability to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Kenya. While much national and international attention has focused on the rise in post-electoral violence in Kenya since the 1990s, the ...

  7. Search Results | Page 92 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 911 - 920 of 1804 ... Filter by type .... Reducing Vulnerability to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Kenya. While much national and international attention has focused on the rise in post-electoral violence in Kenya since the 1990s, the ...

  8. Search Results | Page 12 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 111 - 120 of 869 ... ... for Innovation filter · Canadian International Food Security Research Fund 13 Apply ... Innovation and productivity in information technology services and communication in Brazil : an analysis from a CDM framework ... Innovation and the new service economy in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  9. Publications | Page 245 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The network evolves. For the 19 young scholars brought together by the Poverty Research Network, the... Information for Change 2011: Digital Publishing in West Africa. Wednesday, 11 May 2011, saw the fifth Information for Change workshop, held in Lagos as part of the 10th Nigeria International Book Fair. The range of.

  10. Search Results | Page 114 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... ASIA 24 Apply SOUTH ASIA filter · SOUTHEAST ASIA 24 Apply SOUTHEAST ASIA filter ... Food Sovereignty and Uncultivated Biodiversity in South Asia: Essays on the ... guides the reader into new territory, where food, ecology, and culture converge. ... India started on a program of reforms, both in its external and internal ...

  11. Publications | Page 587 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 5861 - 5870 of 6373 ... The inception workshop report covers activities and presentations made by participants; the rationale behind the Advancing Capacity to Support Climate Change Adaptation ... Knowledge for change knowledge as change, Cape Town International Book Fair, 18 June 2007 (restricted access) ...

  12. Search Results | Page 69 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-01-01

    Results 681 - 690 of 8490 ... Abstract for oral presentation : addressing health risk of communities residing close to stone quarrying and crushing unit using ecohealth framework in Central India. Published date. January 1, 2011. Studies. -. Knowledge for change knowledge as change, Cape Town International Book Fair, ...

  13. Arab Reform Initiative | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The conference will be devoted to an exchange between institutions conducting research on Islamist movements with support from IDRC and ARI. ... International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, is holding a webinar titled “Climate change and adaptive water management: Innovative solutions ...

  14. Search Results | Page 10 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 91 - 100 of 123 ... Migration is a key socioeconomic process in Central America, particularly in Honduras. ... insecurity in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) will require ... Enhancing the Action Research Capacity of the International Model Forest Network ... Gendered Migration and Agriculture in the Dry Areas ...

  15. Search Results | Page 2 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 11 - 20 of 197 ... ... Apply ECONOMIC GROWTH filter · INFORMAL SECTOR 5 Apply INFORMAL ... Evaluating the impact of digital tools to teach math and science in Chile ... countries fare poorly in international comparisons of learning assessments. ... in low-income countries made it to the last grade of primary school.

  16. Publications | Page 178 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Drawing a line in the sand : managing coastal flooding risks in the city of Cape Town (restricted access). Cape Town is internationally renowned for its beaches and coastal beauty. In an effort to reduce storm surge and sea-level damage due to climate change, coastal municipalities in South Africa have begun to implement ...

  17. Search Results | Page 65 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    Results 641 - 650 of 8518 ... ... Apply International Partnerships for Sustainable Societies filter ... System dynamics and GIS in the simulation of environmental ... July 1, 2011 ... Establishing a recovery orientation in first line mental health teams in Québec : perspectives from ... Sea otter tourism in British Columbia : the effects of ...

  18. Search Results | Page 832 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2005-06-29

    Results 8311 - 8320 of 8491 ... Accountability of the International Monetary Fund. Accountability is a hot button issue in discussions of IMF reform. Unfortunately, it is a topic where analysis is all too often colored by value judgments. Publication Date. June 29, 2005. Books ...

  19. Publications | Page 270 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Giving Back — IDRC photo contest winner shares prize with Senegalese colleagues. Brendan Baker can be called many things: an engineer, an international volunteer, an award-winning photographer, and, evidently, a generous man. The winner of IDRC's “Expose Urban Solutions” photo contest, Baker shared his CA$2.

  20. Search Results | Page 40 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 391 - 400 of 439 ... Gender, International Law and Justice : Access to Gender Equality ... Faith, Social Activism and Politics : Role of Faith Based Organizations in Influencing Public Policy (Lebanon) ... Palestinian women and girls account for over half of the Arab population in Israel, which comprises approximately 17% ...

  1. Search Results | Page 844 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2009-10-07

    Results 8431 - 8440 of 8491 ... Research and International Trade Policy Negotiations: Knowledge and Power in Latin America. Through the 1980s and 1990s, most countries of Latin America embarked upon a process of trade liberalization and economic internationalization. Publication Date. October 7, 2009. Books ...

  2. Publications | Page 33 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 321 - 330 of 6371 ... ​IDRC-supported researchers at Sri Lanka's International Centre for Ethnic Studies (ICES) are exploring the recovery and resettlement challenges communities face in a post-conflict environment. The impact of war spans individual,... Opening the Gates: Will Open Data Initiatives Make Local ...

  3. Kathryn Toure | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kathryn Toure started her career in New York City in refugee resettlement before working for the Centre for International and Comparative Studies at the University of Iowa. She moved to West Africa where she worked with Africa Online, the Educational Research Network for West and Central Africa, and eventually as ...

  4. Search Results | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 1 - 10 of 8529 ... Data in Senegal's health information system is only collected from ... the many patients who use private, informal, and other facilities. ... The special issue of Water International (Volume 43, Issue 2, February 2018) on “C.

  5. Search Results | Page 13 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-01-01

    Results 121 - 130 of 874 ... Advancing on local urban climate change agendas through multi - stakeholder collaboration : presentation; Session "D3 Planning for resilient cities in Latin America and Asia". Published date. January 1, 2013. Papers. PRODUCTIVITY INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY SERVICE INDUSTRY LABOUR ...

  6. CCAA Working papers | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Working papers are published by CCAA staff, consultants, advisers, or interns, and are not part of partner-funded research activities. Each paper is peer reviewed by CCAA staff. They are published and distributed primarily in electronic format via the CCAA site, though hardcopies are available upon request. Working papers ...

  7. Search Results | Page 43 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 421 - 430 of 8531 ... Monitoring subnational violence in Asia ... Partnership for Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health Research ... on their way through Mexico are victims of sexual violence, according to reports from Amnesty International. Project. -. Violence Prevention, Access to Justice, and Economic ...

  8. Search Results | Page 853 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8521 - 8530 of 8531 ... Scott Gilmore. Scott is a social entrepreneur and writer. He is a columnist for Maclean's magazine and the President of Anchor Chain, which helps small businesses in frontier markets connect to investment and international supply chains.

  9. Employment and Growth | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Language English. WEConnect International matches businesses owned by women with multinational corporations that want to buy more services from women. Madelaine Artavia Sotela of Costa Rica is a prime example of how the initiative can vastly improve women's livelihoods. This article is part of an ongoing series of ...

  10. Search Results | Page 844 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 8431 - 8440 of 8491 ... Fuelling Economic Growth: The Role of Public–Private Sector Research in ... Water as a Human Right for the Middle East and North Africa ... growth. It has a crucial role to play as global economies recover from the current financial crisis. ... Research and International Trade Policy Negotiations: ...

  11. Publications | Page 347 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3461 - 3470 of 6381 ... Our Continent, Our Future: African Perspectives on Structural Adjustment ... In Social Policy in a Global Society, international experts examine. ... studies on the history and future of structural adjustment in Africa. ... Water Management in Africa and the Middle East: Challenges and Opportunities.

  12. Search Results | Page 699 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 6981 - 6990 of 9602 ... ... Societies (4) Apply International Partnerships for Sustainable Societies filter ... The way in which the extractive industry (mining) in Latin ... In Asia, demographic pressure has strained the education ... Opportunities in CARICOM Migration : Brain Circulation, Diasporic Tourism, and Investment.

  13. Search Results | Page 18 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 171 - 180 of 197 ... Open Business Models (Latin America) - Phase II ... Mother and Child Health International Research Network ... Impact of ICTs on Local Democracy : Transparency and Citizen Participation in the Municipality of Peñalolén (Chile) ... great socioeconomic diversity and strong social networks (clubs for ...

  14. Publications | Page 343 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3421 - 3430 of 6384 ... Watershed describes the water crisis faced by Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories today — a crisis that will have much to do with the design and the success of the current ... To celebrate International Women's Day, IDRC held two public panels on March 9 at its head office in Ottawa.

  15. Search Results | Page 82 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 811 - 820 of 8523 ... Second Science with Africa Conference : accessing technologies and information contained in patent documents to enhance innovative research in Tanzania. Published date ... Kathmandu urban ecosystem health project a model approach. International ... Measurement issues : day 5. Published ...

  16. Search Results | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 221 - 230 of 8531 ... Take heart in an initiative aiming to bring universal healthcare to Pakistan ... of health financing that enrolls primarily public sector health facilities. ... Expanding women's financial inclusion: A win-win for women and ... for the Centre for International and Comparative Studies at the University of Iowa.

  17. Search Results | Page 32 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 311 - 320 of 9175 ... Atelier de formation en expansion des ressources, 3-5 mai 2004, Mbodiène, ... stakeholders in regional water management in Cliza municipality, Bolivia. ... Radio episode : occupational health and safety health workers ... International protection of geographical indications : the Asian experience.

  18. Search Results | Page 32 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 311 - 320 of 9175 ... Atelier de formation en expansion des ressources, 3-5 mai 2004, ... Empowering local stakeholders for sustainable groundwater management : final technical report ... Radio episode : occupational health and safety health workers ... International protection of geographical indications : the Asian ...

  19. Search Results | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 1 - 10 of 8524 ... There is no doubt that Canada is tying its future growth prospects to Asia. News. Environment CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION WASTE MANAGEMENT Innovation. IWRA/IDRC webinar on climate change and adaptive water management. The special issue of Water International (Volume 43, Issue 2, ...

  20. Publications | Page 406 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 4051 - 4060 of 6340 ... Through books, articles, research publications, and studies, we aim to widen ... Journal articles. Papers. Reports. Research in Action. Studies ... International financial architecture and global institution building : a ... review of methods used to analyze impacts of transgenic crops on farmers and ...

  1. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 81 - 90 of 209 ... Capacity Building for a New Social and Economic Policy Strategy in Paraguay ... The global financial crisis of 2008 has aggravated poverty and ... Managing International Labour Migration in ASEAN ... to help African and Caribbean countries derive full benefit from integration into the global economy.

  2. Search Results | Page 27 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 261 - 270 of 1130 ... IDRC-funded researchers propose local urban agriculture as a solution to food insecurity in a recent paper published by the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies. ... Agricultural extension uses scientific research to educate farmers and improve agricultural practices.

  3. Search Results | Page 15 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 141 - 150 of 199 ... ... Research Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change 5 Apply International ... This project aims to improve the efficiency of the nascent innovation system ... MS Swaminathan Research Foundation : Organizational and ... This grant will support a study of the factors (aspects, instruments, sectors and ...

  4. Search Results | Page 5 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 41 - 50 of 56 ... ... and Food Security filter · Climate Change 1 Apply Climate Change filter ... Creating an International Network of Democracy Builders ... Creating an Economically Enabling and Competitive Business Environment in the West Bank ... The roots of destabilization, migration, and local conflict around the ...

  5. Adaptation is... | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-02-22

    Feb 22, 2011 ... Protecting Coastal Communities in Northern Morocco By Mary O'Neill As rising sea levels, drought, and coastal flooding increasingly threaten Morocco's rural northeast coast, an international research team is examining how people may be vulnerable to climate change, and helping authorities there devise ...

  6. Search Results | Page 17 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 161 - 170 of 8518 ... WEConnect International matches businesses owned by women with multinational corporations that want to buy more services from women. ... Brazil, metal waste and mud flowed downstream, contaminating the water and wreaking havoc as the worst environmental disaster in the nation's history.

  7. Info Source | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Info Source: Sources of Federal Government and Employee Information provides ... Bringing together the right partners around opportunities for impact, IDRC builds ... Internal services constitute groups of related activities and resources that are ... including planning, budgeting, accounting, reporting, control and oversight, ...

  8. Financial Accountant | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Internal Controls and Quality Assurance of Financial Information ... the end of the month, quarter and year accounting periods but that often requires ... To that effect, liaises with the Chief, External Fund Management to determine the ... Leads Corporate Accounting's testing program in liaison with the Financial Systems Unit ...

  9. International Development Research Centre Corporate Policy Travel

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    André Lavoie

    manage and control their business travel-related expenses. 3. ... is paid by IDRC funds (internal or external) — i.e. contractors, participants, interviewees and .... be responsible for providing the Designated Travel Agency with any information ... The Manager, Corporate Accounting (Finance and Administration Division) shall:.

  10. Publications | Page 368 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3671 - 3680 of 6381 ... Zimbabwe's Exodus: Crisis, Migration, Survival. A rounded and compelling picture of the great exodus and, behind the turmoil of exile and return, we can glimpse the extraordinary people behind the statistics. — Robin Cohen, International Migration Institute, University of Oxford. The ongoing ...

  11. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 81 - 90 of 180 ... Remove Project filter Project; Journal articles 185 Apply Journal .... Canadian International Immunization Initiative for Haiti (CIII2 ... Evaluation of the New Curriculum of the College of Health Sciences, Makerere University (Uganda) ... Ethical Medical and Biomedical Practice in Health Research in Africa.

  12. Search Results | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 101 - 110 of 180 ... Health Financing and Benefit Incidence Analysis in Uganda and Zambia. Universal health coverage is a major goal internationally. Under universal systems, health care is paid for in advance, via prepayment mechanisms, and the use of health services is based on need. Project.

  13. Search Results | Page 4 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-05-01

    May 1, 2010 ... Abolition of Direct Payment for Health Services in West Africa. In the 1980s, as recommended by the international organizations, almost all African countries adopted direct payment for healthcare services as the principal means of financing their health systems. Project.

  14. Search Results | Page 100 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 991 - 1000 of 9602 ... IDRC Bulletin — International Women's Day 2018 ... Enhancing opportunities for rural youth in post-conflict ... The lack of reliable data limits the ability of health providers, ... However, they can also be sources of inequality and social ... Copyright · Open access policy · Privacy policy · Research ...

  15. Publications | Page 207 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Reconstruction of Haiti : Strengthening Argentina's Capacity for Effective Cooperation (Phase II); final technical report, May 2009 - April 2012 (open access). The project produced knowledge through research on the current traits of international cooperation, in particular the meaning and prospects of trends such as ...

  16. Board of Governors | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... internal control and management information systems are viable; Track corporate performance against strategic and business plans; Monitor the performance of the president and chief executive officer; Ensure IDRC has an effective communications strategy; Assess our own performance in fulfilling Board responsibilities ...

  17. Sustainable Industrial Development Programmes of International ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2012-10-27

    Oct 27, 2012 ... projects include Policy Research Institutes that support the national government in ... Increasing support to firms through diverse .... in Africa failed to perform because of poor initial investment decisions, inappropriate .... The implications of these laudable programmes are that the international communities ...

  18. Publications | Page 216 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Explore outputs from more than four decades of IDRC-supported research. Visit the IDRC Digital Library now. ... show that the closer the ethical distance between countries, the greater the trade. Ethics in international trade are important where purchasing, exports, marketing and sales activities are more likely to involve.

  19. Publications | Page 250 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    EcoHealth: On the way to London 2010. The biennial conference of the International Association for Ecology and Health (the EcoHealth Association) to be held in London in 2010 will explore emerging areas in the field of ecohealth. These include: energy policy and health;.

  20. Search Results | Page 6 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 51 - 60 of 80 ... ... Middle East 260 Apply Middle East filter · West Indies 256 Apply West Indies filter ... Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges ... such as floods, significantly increase internal migration in Costa Rica. ... Broadening the benefits of trade: The Latin American trade network.

  1. Search Results | Page 25 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 241 - 250 of 374 ... ... 9 Apply INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY filter · PEACE RESEARCH 9 Apply ... Producing bananas for export is an important economic activity in Costa Rica. ... has increased due to agricultural failure, social unrest and high unemployment. ... enterprises (SMEs) of engaging with international markets.

  2. Search Results | Page 4 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 31 - 37 of 37 ... ... GENDER ROLES filter · Governance 1 Apply Governance filter · HEALTH SERVICES 1 ... Promoting leaders in labour research ... An international research centre has become a global force working to improve ... how and why, in the context of their foreign policy, security and economic relationships.

  3. Search Results | Page 65 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 641 - 650 of 875 ... ... YOUTH 17 Apply YOUTH filter · ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM 16 ... There is evidence that the new wave of information and ... are reducing the cost to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of engaging with international markets. ... In most South Asian contexts, formal and informal legal systems ...

  4. Tanzania | Page 36 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Kenyan sociologist and gender specialist at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) has heard the stories first-hand from her work in hundreds of communities throughout Kenya, Tanzania, and southern Africa. Read more about Empowering African women and communities through agriculture. Language ...

  5. Search Results | Page 827 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2001-01-01

    Results 8261 - 8270 of 8491 ... The international community faces no more critical issue currently than how to protect people caught in new and large-scale humanitarian crises — humanitarian intervention has been controversial both when it has happened, as in Kosovo, and when it. Publication Date. January 1, 2001.

  6. Bulletin #116 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Save the date for our International Women's Day event, and don't forget to apply ... Significant health differences exist between indigenous peoples and the rest of ... This book explores how the brains of such organizations actually function to ...

  7. Publications | Page 368 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3671 - 3680 of 6384 ... This is the best single summary of the political choices facing food and agriculture policymakers that has been written in this decade. Pat Mooney, Executive Director, the ETC Group. An excellent resource for those mapping the increasing control of our food chain by international.

  8. Search Results | Page 113 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Cultivate Africa's Future 6 Apply Cultivate Africa's Future filter · International Research ... The African Tobacco Situational Analysis (ATSA) supported by IDRC and the Bill ... research-oriented professionals are joining the government as policymakers. ... African Technology Policy Studies - Tanzania (ATPS-Tanzania) was ...

  9. Search Results | Page 121 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Initiative filter · Cultivate Africa's Future 5 Apply Cultivate Africa's Future filter · International ... The Institute of Policy Analysis and Research (IPAR), Kenya, is a 15-year-old ... African Technology Policy Studies - Tanzania (ATPS-Tanzania) was ... research-oriented professionals are joining the government as policymakers.

  10. Editorial from IDRC | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-05-10

    May 10, 2011 ... The world is already grappling with a fresh crop of far-reaching crises with complex implications for ecosystems and for human health: the aftermath of the ... IDRC co-convened the conference with the publishers of EcoHealth, the Journal of the International Association for Ecology and Health, but it was ...

  11. Shainoor Khoja | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... a consulting firm operating internationally, working with multiple stakeholders to identify opportunities using technology and innovative business models to build capacity and scale business. Prior to this position, Shainoor held the position of Managing Director, Roshan Community at Afghanistan's leading mobile operator ...

  12. Accounts Payable Administrator | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Job Summary An Accounts Payable Administrator is responsible for the processing of supplier invoices and grant payment requests (from the Grant Administration Division and regional offices for institutional recipients, participants, scholars, fellows and other awardees). Each Administrator looks after internal cost centers, ...

  13. Publications | Page 55 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 541 - 550 of 6341 ... Impacts of formal and informal wood exports on Cambodian economy : input output analysis; final draft (restricted access). The Cambodian government allowed 1,204,750 hectares as economic land concession (ELC) to 118 local and international companies. Global Witness reported that 2.6 ...

  14. Publications | Page 193 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Through books, articles, research publications, and studies, we aim to widen the impact ... in a variety of disciplines, generating ideas and building international networks. ENACQKT-ing : Caribbean nurses enhancing care, quality and knowledge ... On-the-job learning and earnings : comparative evidence from Morocco and ...

  15. Publications | Page 203 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Impact of migrant workers on the tuberculosis transmission : general models and ... to the CCAA program, some 89% of these organizations are based in Africa, ... research into health hazards on smallholder dairy farms in a poor urban area in ...

  16. Search Results | Page 742 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7411 - 7420 of 9580 ... ... consumer goods, marketing services, financial services, and other ... in the General Population in a Mining District (Mexico) - Phase II ... Monitoring Progress Toward the Information Society : Digital Divide Index.

  17. Search Results | Page 542 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 5411 - 5420 of 9604 ... Capacity building for community wireless connectivity in Africa ... of the national network of Community Multimedia Centres (CMCs), July 2002 - Mar. ... in Brazil : an applied general equilibrium analysis; final report.

  18. Publications | Page 628 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    restricted access) ... testing and proposing a number of methods and approaches that ... and poverty in Brazil : an applied general equilibrium analysis; final ... Convergence, VoIP and telecom regulation (open access) ...

  19. Search Results | Page 709 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7081 - 7090 of 9602 ... Consolidating African Research and Education Networking (CORENA) - Phase I ... constraints to accessing published knowledge (print or digital) for ... It is generally acknowledged that mass media (specifically ...

  20. New partnership for African development | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-07-22

    Jul 22, 2011 ... They have even suffered the effects of liberal condescension — that ... the record of "poor leadership, corruption, and bad governance in many countries. ... about sub-Saharan Africa are partial at best and generally unreliable.

  1. Search Results | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 61 - 70 of 8491 ... Success in the implementation of maternal and newborn health interventions at the country level has been generally attributed to three main interlinked factors: leadership and management, resources, and end-user-related factors. Project.

  2. Search Results | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 221 - 230 of 650 ... They are also vulnerable to the effects of sea level rise, with its accompanying flooding. ... Educational Research Network for West and Central Africa ... culminating in the disputed general elections of December 2007.

  3. Books | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Any -, Miscellaneous, Development, Science and Technology, Social Policy ... Outcome Mapping: Building Learning and Reflection into Development Programs ... progress in understanding the political dimensions of internal conflict. ... Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development demystifies the theory of gender ...

  4. Search Results | Page 736 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 7351 - 7360 of 8531 ... Development takes on a face and an address in the Philippines. Research in Action. Gender Equity ... Palestinian Refugees: Challenges of Repatriation and Development. Research in Action. Economic and social development ...

  5. Search Results | Page 2 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 11 - 20 of 257 ... Harnessing big data to meet the Sustainable Development Goals ... official statistics, and facilitate development in sectors such as health, ... promoting gender equality is central to global development policy and practice.

  6. Search Results | Page 11 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2015-06-30

    Results 101 - 110 of 874 ... Open Data and Sub-national Governments: Lessons from Developing Countries. Published date. June 30, 2015. Papers. INFORMATION SYSTEMS INFORMATION POLICY Internet ACCESS TO INFORMATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Economic and social development CASE STUDIES ...

  7. IDRC Thematic Priorities | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... scaling, and financing of these solutions in urban and rural areas of climate ... Research on organizational development of developing country think tanks and ... develop sustainable business models including resource mobilization, and ...

  8. Search Results | Page 8 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 71 - 80 of 8491 ... With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals' (SDGs) 2015–2030 agenda, promoting gender equality is central to global development policy ... statistics, and facilitate development in sectors such as health, ...

  9. Search Results | Page 2 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 11 - 20 of 657 ... Harnessing big data to meet the Sustainable Development Goals ... official statistics, and facilitate development in sectors such as health, ... promoting gender equality is central to global development policy and practice.

  10. Search Results | Page 73 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 721 - 730 of 1804 ... The Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was established in 1997 with the dual purpose of helping developing countries achieve sustainable development (as defined nationally) and industrialized countries achieve compliance with (bind. Project ...

  11. Designing and Managing Successful International Joint Development Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    joint development programs are important because of their potential to reduce costs and increase partnership benefits such as interoperability, economies ...have actualized by discussing what characteristics research has shown as crucial to international joint development program outcomes. The study team... characteristics of international joint development programs that result in positive or negative cost, scheduling, and end-product outcomes, such as a final

  12. Business schools' international networks for faculty development

    OpenAIRE

    Pennarola F.

    2008-01-01

    Business schools are facing ever increasing internationalization: students are far less homogenous than before, faculty members come from different countries, and teaching is carried out in second (or even third) languages. As a result business schools and their teachers wrestle with new challenges as these changes accelerate. Teaching and Learning at Business Schools brings together contributions from business school managers and educators involved in the International Teachers Programm...

  13. IAEA and the international nuclear law development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jankowitsh, O.

    1996-01-01

    This paper summarizes the different objectives of the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) as far as nuclear energy use is concerned. It presents the status of the organization, its action int the non-proliferation treaty, and its work on the safeguard regulations. These measures have been taken during the Convention on nuclear safety in 1994. This convention concerns nuclear power plants as well as storage of radioactive wastes. (TEC)

  14. Development trends of the international derivatives market

    OpenAIRE

    Motorniuk, U.; Terebukh, M.; Kharchuk, V.

    2016-01-01

    The factors forming international derivatives market trends are researched in this article. The history of the formation of the global derivatives market was analyzed, in particular, events which have led to the growth of the derivatives market. Global derivatives market has revealed major changes in its trends and witnessed the gradual transformation of its structure, observed in recent years. Global derivatives market has revealed major changes in its trends and witnessed the gradual transf...

  15. A perspective on the recent developments in international financial reporting

    OpenAIRE

    Dima (Cristea), Stefana Maria; David, Delia; Păiuşan, Luminiţa

    2010-01-01

    The objective of the present paper is to provide a synopsis of the recent international financial reporting developments as well as to identify some of the related worldwide implications. The unprecedented joint activity of the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and US Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has caused, in the last decade, a series of debates on whether or not International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) represent what is best of the international acco...

  16. Development of large scale internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sasaki, A.; Shinoki, T.; Matsumura, M. [Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Hyogo (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    Internal Reforming (IR) is a prominent scheme for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) power generating systems in order to get high efficiency i.e. 55-60% as based on the Higher Heating Value (HHV) and compact configuration. The Advanced Internal Reforming (AIR) technology has been developed based on two types of the IR-MCFC technology i.e. Direct Internal Reforming (DIR) and Indirect Internal Reforming (DIR).

  17. MODERN TRENDS OF DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DERIVATIVES MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Shelydko

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Article is devoted to analysis of structure and peculiarities of development of the international derivatives market. The history of formation of the international derivatives market is investigated. The nature, functions and advantages of use of derivatives, and also their role in the modern international securities market are defined. Classification of financial derivatives is considered. Product lines of financial derivatives are analyzed. The regional structure of the international derivatives market and dynamics of its development are investigated. The comparative characteristic of volumes and structure of exchange and over-the-counter segments of international derivatives market are carried out. Dynamics and structure of international markets of interest-bearing derivatives and currency derivatives are analyzed. The fundamental trends of development of the modern international derivatives market are defined.

  18. Publications | Page 376 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3751 - 3760 of 6384 ... ... periods (open access). India witnessed a widening of income inequality during the phase of acceleration in economic growth in the post-reform period (1993-94 to 2004-05). This paper analyses the issue by using different types of inequality measurements like general entropy indices, kernel.

  19. Publications | Page 345 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3441 - 3450 of 6381 ... ... Local Agenda 21 Planning Guide is an introductory guide on the planning elements, methods, and tools being used by local governments to implement Agenda 21 at the community level. By drawing general conclusions from the work that is already underway at the local level, it recommends.

  20. Trent Hoole | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Trent Hoole is Corporate Secretary and General Counsel. From 2002-2012, he served in progressive senior legal counsel roles at IDRC. Hoole articled with a prominent litigation law firm in Ottawa. He holds an LLB from the University of Ottawa, and a Bachelor of Arts, joint honours, from McGill University.​